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1

Chinese Military Power  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new resource from the Commonwealth Institute's Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA) (reviewed in the January 12, 1999 Scout Report for Social Sciences) offers a gateway to "online analysis and research tools essential to understanding China's military policy, capabilities, and potential." The full-text offerings are accessed through links to a variety of English-language sources, and are grouped by topic, such as Commentary, Military Analyses, Political and Economic Conditions, Regional Context, and US Policy Toward China, among others. In addition, online resources on several special topics (China and the RMA, Arms Trade and Proliferation, Taiwan Confrontation, Cox Report and Aftermath, and China Arsenal) are also provided. Other resources include a bibliography, links to selected research sites, and contact information for a number of specialists in the field. If the site remains regularly updated as promised, it should become a useful current awareness tool for researchers and students studying Chinese military policy and US-China military relations.

2

Satellite power system (SPS) military implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS). The very large orbital power source of the SPS could have a number of potential military applications. Perhaps the most arresting, but certainly one in the very distant future is the possibility of developing an anti-ballistic defense weapon utilizing laser or particle beams.

Ozeroff

1978-01-01

3

Satellite Power System (SPS) military applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS) is examined. A number of potential military support possibilities are described. An SPS with military capabilities may have a strong negative impact on international relations if it is not internationalized. The SPS satellite would be vulnerable to military action of an enemy with good space capability, but would experience little or no threat from saboteurs or terrorists, except via the ground controls. The paper concludes with an outline of some of the key issues involved, and a number of recommendations for future study, including some areas for long term efforts.

Ozeroff, M. J.

1978-01-01

4

Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains to…

Beyer, C. Kalani

2009-01-01

5

Surgeons reconsidered: military medical men of the American revolution.  

PubMed

This paper assesses the reputation of British military medical staff in the 18th century, focusing on the character and professionalism of regimental surgeons and mates who served at the time of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Examining the careers and contributions of men such as Thomas Dickson Reide, Robert Jackson, and Robert Hamilton reveals that--in contrast to charges of ineptitude, laziness and dishonesty among military surgeons--the British army could count on a cadre of military medical men who were devoted both to their patients and to the advancement of their profession. PMID:21465843

Marshall, Tabitha

2010-01-01

6

American Public Opinion toward the MilitaryDifferences by Race, Gender, and Class?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a national survey of Latinos, African Americans, and Anglos (non-Hispanic whites) to test multiple hypotheses for public support of military expenditures, enlistment in the military, and overall evaluations of the military. While polls show that the military is the most respected government institution, it is less clear whether particular sectors of the contemporary public are more or

David L. Leal

2005-01-01

7

17.952 Great Power Military Intervention, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

The purpose of this seminar is to examine systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions into civil wars during the 1990's. These civil wars were high on the policy agenda of western states ...

Posen, Barry

8

Challenges Faced by Undergraduate Military Students at American Public University System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will summarize some of challenges faced by military students enrolled in an associate and bachelors online program at American Public University System (APUS). The survey results on which the study is based exposed the following problems faced by military personnel: 48.7% had difficulties working around military obligations, 33.3%…

Machuca, Ana; Torres, Karin; Morris, Pamela; Whitley, William

2014-01-01

9

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917  

E-print Network

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917 By: ©2012 Lon J. Strauss Submitted to the graduate degree program in History and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas...: A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917 _____________________________ Chairperson Dr. Theodore Wilson Date Approved: April 9, 2012 iii Abstract “A...

Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

2012-05-31

10

A review of recent American military space operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

Day, Dwayne A.

1993-12-01

11

The return of the American military to crewed spaceflight: Hypersonic and other visions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1950s, crewed spaceflight has been the province of NASA, a decision reaffirmed in the 1960s with the cancellation of all military projects which might have competed. That understanding has driven American space policy since that time despite the fact that the military has not given up its dream of crewed spaceflight. Over the past decade, that division of

Roger Handberg; Joan Johnson-Freese

1997-01-01

12

Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies  

E-print Network

Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

DeVore, Marc Ronald

2009-01-01

13

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

14

A Composite Counterstorytelling: Memoirs of African American Military Students in Hawaii Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are social, educational and behavioral problems for African American students in Hawaii public schools. Utilizing Critical Race Theory as a lens for analysis, the perceptions and experiences of these students regarding race, ethnic identity, military lineage, and self-definition are addressed. A composite counterstory of the researcher's and…

Hairston, Kimetta R.

2010-01-01

15

Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Eichelberger and the American Military Intelligence Division in Siberia, 1919-1920  

E-print Network

. itary operated Eastern Russia. ColonsI. E jchalbsrgar's intsllicenca reports reveal, in concise detail, the diff jcultjea tha American military faced in daalino with two of her alljaa~ the Japanese military and the Russian Coaaacks~ This thesis... OF CONTENTS ~ ~ ~, ~, . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Vi LIST Of F'APS e ~ ~ e ~ e o ~ o e ~ ~ o e e ~ ~ ~ e t e Vii LHAPTER I. THE BEl;INNINl 5 ~ I I ~ JAPANESE AND COSSACK ACTIVITIES . ~ * IB I I I o ACTION AT THE SUCHAN t 'INES IV ~ THE ZEVSTVO COUl' e o a o a ~ ~ a...

Luckett, Judith Blodgett

1974-01-01

16

Teaching About the Military in American History: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On March 24-25, 2007 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 23 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about the Military in U.S. history. The Institute was held at and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Museum. Sessions included: (1) War and the Military in American

Kuehner, Trudy

2007-01-01

17

High-power, military ruggedized QCL-based laser systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Daylight Solutions has pioneered the development and commercialization of quantum cascade laser (QCL) technology for commercial and military markets. Multi-Watt, multi-wavelength QCL-based systems have been manufactured and tested against harsh military environmental requirements for military applications. These self-contained, turn-key systems have been designed to comply with modular open system architecture (MOSA) principles, and have been proven in several different system geometries. This paper will highlight the environmental requirements imposed upon, and performance from, QCL-based laser systems for example military applications.

Takeuchi, Eric B.; Chapman, William B.; Arnone, David; Pushkarsky, Michael; Lopez, Enrique; Young, Michael; Caffey, Dave; Borgardt, Brandon; Priest, Allen; Sensibaugh, Jason; Day, Timothy

2012-06-01

18

A versatile simulation tool for the design and verification of military vehicle power systems  

E-print Network

modes of operation and system scenarios) and system performance in a dynamic, realistic environment. This thesis proposes a new tool to analyze and design military vehicle platforms: the Advanced Mobile Integrated Power System (AMPS). This tool is useful...

Lipscomb, Melissa Anne

2005-11-01

19

Soviet military power: an assessment of the threat  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: the nature of the Soviet threat--Soviet national-security policies; Soviet foreign policy under Gorbachev; military resources allocation; Soviet strategic programs and space forces; Soviet conventional forces; an assessment of the threat--the strategic balance; regional and functional balances; research and development: the technological competition; collective security: our risks and responsibilities.

Not Available

1988-01-01

20

Modular photonic power and VCSEL-based data links for aerospace and military applications  

SciTech Connect

If photonic data and power transfer links are constructed in a modular fashion, they can be easily adapted into various forms to meet a wide range of needs for aerospace and military applications. The performance specifications associated with these needs can vary widely according to application. Alignment tolerance needs also tend to vary greatly, as can requirements on power consumption. An example of a modular photonic data and/or power transfer link that can be applied to military and aerospace needs is presented. In this approach, a link is designed for low (<10 kb/s) data rates, ultra-low electrical power consumption, large alignment tolerance, and power transfer to provide complete electrical shielding in a remote module that might be found in a military or aerospace application.

Carson, R.F.

1997-02-01

21

Sea Power and American Interests in the Western Pacific  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many may consider sea power a key aspect of 19th century military strategy, the subject is still very much alive in the early 21st century. This recently published book from the RAND Corporation's David C. Gompert takes a close look into American sea power in the Western Pacific. The 216-page report is divided into six chapters, including "Technological Change," "Regional Maritime Security," and "U.S. and Chinese Interests and Sea Power in the Western Pacific." The report contains some interesting observations, including the comment that "The United States can exploit technology more boldly than it has previously to make its sea power less vulnerable by relying more on submarines, drones, and smaller, elusive, widely distributed strike platforms." Visitors can download the entire work, or they can click on the Key Findings tab to look over some of its basic conclusions. [KMG

Gompert, David C.

2013-04-26

22

The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations  

E-print Network

Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

Twomey, Christopher P

2005-01-01

23

Promoting Health During the American Occupation of Japan The Public Health Section, Kyoto Military Government Team, 1945-1949  

PubMed Central

During the American occupation of Japan (1945–1952), young public health officers from the US Army Medical Corps were posted in local US Army military government teams. These young doctors (aged 25 to 27 years), who had not absorbed the strong anti-Japanese tradition of the US military during World War II, seem to have alleviated the initial resentment felt by the Japanese toward the new governors of their homeland. The case of the Kyoto Military Government Team illustrates the Kyoto citizenry’s positive view of some American-directed public health measures. The team’s services helped to counter widely held negative views on colonialism, occupation, and public health; lessened resentment toward the unilateral command structure of the occupation forces; and contributed to improved relations between the United States and Japan at the local level. PMID:18235076

Nishimura, Sey

2008-01-01

24

North American tidal power prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Prospects for North American tidal power electrical generation are reviewed. Studies by the US Army Corps of Engineers of 90 possible generation schemes in Cobscook Bay, ME, indicated that maximum power generation rather than dependable capacity was the most economic method. Construction cost estimates for 15 MW bulb units in a single effect mode from basin to the sea are provided; five projects were considered ranging from 110-160 MW. Additional tidal power installations are examined for: Half-Moon Cove, ME (12 MW, 18 ft tide); Cook Inlet, AK, which is shown to pose severe environmental and engineering problems due to fish migration, earthquake hazards, and 300 ft deep silt deposits; and the Bay of Fundy, Canada. This last has a 17.8 MW plant under construction in a 29 ft maximum tide area. Other tidal projects of the Maritime Provinces are reviewed, and it is noted that previous economic evaluations based on an oil price of $16/barrel are in need of revision.

Wayne, W. W., Jr.

1981-07-01

25

Mental health of Asian American and Pacific Islander military veterans: brief review of an understudied group.  

PubMed

The mental health of American military soldiers and veterans is of widespread concern; yet, there has been no prior review of studies on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) veterans. This article provides a brief, but comprehensive review of the mental health of AAPI veterans. An exhaustive literature search was conducted using the major medical and mental health literature databases. Of 13 identified articles, nine were empirical studies on either post-traumatic stress disorder among AAPI Vietnam veterans or health functioning of AAPI veterans based on national veteran surveys. Findings from these studies showed that some AAPI veterans who served during the Vietnam War encountered racism from fellow soldiers and race-related stressors were associated with more severe post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. As a group, AAPI veterans were found to be physically healthier than other veterans, but reported poorer mental health and were less likely to use mental health services. However, these findings were limited by the paucity of studies on AAPI veterans and suggest a need for more research on this subpopulation. PMID:23198528

Tsai, Jack; Kong, Grace

2012-11-01

26

Pulsed power for particle beam accelerators in military applications  

SciTech Connect

Techniques useful for generating and conditioning power for high energy pulsed accelerators with potential weapon applications are described. Pulsed electron accelerators are exemplified by ETA and ATA at Lawrence Livermore Laboratories and RADLAC at Sandia Laboratories Albuquerque. Pulse-power techniques used in other applications are briefly mentioned, including some that may be useful for collective ion accelerators. The limitations of pulse-power and the general directions of desirable development are illustrated. The main needs are to increase repetition rate and to decrease size.

Smith, I.D.

1980-06-20

27

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish–American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

28

Electricity Today30 American Electric Power, working  

E-print Network

efficiency, environ- mental optimization and national security for the benefit of electric customers across system is currently inadequate to deliver energy from remote wind resource areas to electrical loadElectricity Today30 American Electric Power, working at the request of, and in partnership with

Laughlin, Robert B.

29

American Radio Works: Power Trips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under rules enacted in 1995, members of Congress are effectively banned from accepting any gift worth more than $50, though as this latest investigative radio series from the American RadioWorks team demonstrates, it would appear that members of the House or Senate are still taking many trips at no cost. Working in tandem with a group of graduate students at Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism, the team catalogued every privately sponsored trip taken by members of Congress since 2000. They discovered that more than $14 million was spent by universities, corporations, and other groups to take these influential persons to a variety of meetings, presentations, and other functions. On this site, visitors can listen to the complete radio presentation, along with obtaining information about how much their own representatives travel and who accepts the most money in trips. Overall, this site is quite informative and more than a bit provocative.

30

Development of highly compact and low power consumption athermal military laser designators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The utility of military lasers, particularly in the area of laser designation for laser-guided weapons, is well understood. Laser systems based on Nd:YAG have been fielded since the 1980's and over the last three decades have introduced incremental technology steps to improve performance and weight. The most recent technology step has been the introduction of athermal lasers based on laser-diode pumping of Nd:YAG and products are now emerging for use on the battlefield. The technical performance, efficiency, size, weight and power for these lasers, has been key to driving the new production designs. In this paper, we review the development of the laser designs and their introduction since the advent of laser designation. In particular, we compare the relative performance and characteristics over the evolution of fielded laser designators. Moreover, we will review the key building blocks for the design of athermal lasers and describe some critical design issues for engineering and productionisation of a military laser system, including removal of thermal lensing, novel diode-pumping schemes and robustness over the environment. These will be exemplified using results from the development of the SELEX Galileo Type 163 Laser Target Designators. These will cover not only technical performance, power and efficiency, but also thermal management, mass, volume, cost and overall complexity for manufacture.

Sijan, A.

2012-10-01

31

Rage against the machine: The university-military-industrial complex and contemporary American culture and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how five late twentieth and early twenty-first century authors – Don DeLillo, Rebekah Nathan, Richard Rodriguez, Jane Smiley, and Tom Wolfe – use one of their respective books to reflect on and shape what has come to be called the University-Military-Industrial Complex (UMIC). Specifically, it explores how different literary works interpret, instantiate, challenge and attempt to reconfigure

Andrew Karl Koch

2008-01-01

32

Propulsion and Power Generation Capabilities of a Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) Fusion System for Future Military Aerospace Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to perform a parametric evaluation of the performance and interface characteristics of a dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion system in support of a USAF advanced military aerospace vehicle concept study. This vehicle is an aerospace plane that combines clean “aneutronic” dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion power and propulsion technology, with advanced “lifting body”-like airframe

Sean D. Knecht; Robert E. Thomas; Franklin B. Mead; George H. Miley; David Froning

2006-01-01

33

Propulsion and Power Generation Capabilities of a Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) Fusion System for Future Military Aerospace Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to perform a parametric evaluation of the performance and interface characteristics of a dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion system in support of a USAF advanced military aerospace vehicle concept study. This vehicle is an aerospace plane that combines clean ``aneutronic'' dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion power and propulsion technology, with advanced ``lifting body''-like airframe

Sean D. Knecht; Robert E. Thomas; Franklin B. Mead; George H. Miley; David Froning

2006-01-01

34

Working with Veterans, Active Duty Military, and Military Families A Collection of Career Transition Resources  

E-print Network

Working with Veterans, Active Duty Military, and Military Families A Collection of Career Association Military Interest page: After the Army - http disorder (PTSD). American Corporate Partners - http://www.acp-usa.org/ Networking, mentoring

Vertes, Akos

35

Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

2013-05-01

36

Annual Report to Congress on the Military Power of the People's Republic of China  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on June 22, this report was published by the Secretary of Defense in response to the FY2000 National Defense Authorization Act, which required a report "on the current and future military strategy of the People's Republic of China." Placed online in HTML format, the report addresses three main topics: China's grand strategy, security strategy, and military strategy; developments in China's military doctrine and force structure; and the security situation in the Taiwan Strait.

37

Wind Power on Native American Lands: Process and Progress (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

The United States is home to more than 700 American Indian tribes and Native Alaska villages and corporations located on 96 million acres. Many of these tribes and villages have excellent wind resources that could be commercially developed to meet their electricity needs or for electricity export. The Wind Powering America program engages Native Americans in wind energy development. This poster describes the process and progress of Wind Powering America's involvement with Native American wind energy projects.

Jimenez, A.; Flowers, L.; Gough, R.; Taylor, R.

2005-05-01

38

Erika A. Kuhlman - American Doughboys and German Fräuleins: Sexuality, Patriarchy, and Privilege in the American-Occupied Rhineland, 1918“23 - The Journal of Military History 71:4  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates how the U.S. military occupation of the German Rhineland after the First World War helped to reconstruct patriarchy in the occupied zone through the control of doughboys' and Frauleins' sexuality. The relative stability enjoyed in the American zone in turn enabled the United States to mediate conflicts and operate as a reconciling influence among the other, more

Erika Kuhlman

2007-01-01

39

Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism  

E-print Network

habits, ____________ This dissertation follows the style and format of the American Sociological Review. 2 and is inspired by Kai Erikson?s Wayward Puritans: A Study in the Sociology of Deviance ([1966] 2005). The study focuses... justice system for a select group of trials. The courts-martial included in the study will be specific to events that have been uniquely singled out as contemporary war crimes by the U.S. Army. Unlike the study conducted by Erikson...

Lorenzo, Ronald

2012-07-16

40

The effects of race and other socioeconomic factors on health service use among American military veterans.  

PubMed

This study examined the extent to which racial disparities in service utilization exist in veterans (VA) and non-VA health care systems. An observational study design was used with a nationally representative sample of veterans. Logistic regression models were constructed using sociodemographic characteristics, health insurance and benefits, and health status as predictors of health service use in both VA and non-VA health care systems. A population weighted sample of 19,270 veterans from the 2001 National Survey of Veterans was used, which included 17,004 (88.24%) White, 1,864 (9.15%) African American, 414 (2.15%) Native American/Alaskan Native, and 87 (0.45%) Asian American/Pacific Islander veterans. Results showed that use of the VA health care system was not associated with race, but was associated with VA disability compensation, lack of private health insurance, and greater health care need. Contrarily, in non-VA healthcare systems, veterans who were racial minorities, less educated, and without private health insurance were less likely to use services. Together, these findings demonstrate the socioeconomic context in which health disparities exist and suggest the influence of health insurance on racial disparities in service utilization. PMID:23949577

Tsai, Jack; Desai, Miraj U; Cheng, Alice W; Chang, Janet

2014-03-01

41

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

42

Propulsion and Power Generation Capabilities of a Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) Fusion System for Future Military Aerospace Vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to perform a parametric evaluation of the performance and interface characteristics of a dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion system in support of a USAF advanced military aerospace vehicle concept study. This vehicle is an aerospace plane that combines clean ``aneutronic'' dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion power and propulsion technology, with advanced ``lifting body''-like airframe configurations utilizing air-breathing MHD propulsion and power technology within a reusable single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) vehicle. The applied approach was to evaluate the fusion system details (geometry, power, T/W, system mass, etc.) of a baseline p-11B DPF propulsion device with Q = 3.0 and thruster efficiency, ?prop = 90% for a range of thrust, Isp and capacitor specific energy values. The baseline details were then kept constant and the values of Q and ?prop were varied to evaluate excess power generation for communication systems, pulsed-train plasmoid weapons, ultrahigh-power lasers, and gravity devices. Thrust values were varied between 100 kN and 1,000 kN with Isp of 1,500 s and 2,000 s, while capacitor specific energy was varied from 1 - 15 kJ/kg. Q was varied from 3.0 to 6.0, resulting in gigawatts of excess power. Thruster efficiency was varied from 0.9 to 1.0, resulting in hundreds of megawatts of excess power. Resulting system masses were on the order of 10's to 100's of metric tons with thrust-to-weight ratios ranging from 2.1 to 44.1, depending on capacitor specific energy. Such a high thrust/high Isp system with a high power generation capability would allow military versatility in sub-orbital space, as early as 2025, and beyond as early as 2050. This paper presents the results that coincide with a total system mass between 15 and 20 metric tons.

Knecht, Sean D.; Thomas, Robert E.; Mead, Franklin B.; Miley, George H.; Froning, David

2006-01-01

43

American lifelines alliance efforts to improve electric power transmission reliability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A study was performed on American Lifelines Alliance (ALA) efforts to improve electric power transmission reliability. ALA is a public-private partnership project, with the goal of reducing risks to lifelines from natural hazards and human threat events. The mechanism used by ALA for developing national guidelines for lifeline systems is dependent upon using existing Standards Developing Organizations (SDO) accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as means to achieve national consensus.

Nishenko, S.P.; Savage, W.U.; Honegger, D.G.; McLane, T.R.

2002-01-01

44

Propulsion and Power Generation Capabilities of a Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) Fusion System for Future Military Aerospace Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to perform a parametric evaluation of the performance and interface characteristics of a dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion system in support of a USAF advanced military aerospace vehicle concept study. This vehicle is an aerospace plane that combines clean 'aneutronic' dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion power and propulsion technology, with advanced 'lifting body'-like airframe configurations utilizing air-breathing MHD propulsion and power technology within a reusable single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) vehicle. The applied approach was to evaluate the fusion system details (geometry, power, T/W, system mass, etc.) of a baseline p-11B DPF propulsion device with Q = 3.0 and thruster efficiency, {eta}prop = 90% for a range of thrust, Isp and capacitor specific energy values. The baseline details were then kept constant and the values of Q and {eta}prop were varied to evaluate excess power generation for communication systems, pulsed-train plasmoid weapons, ultrahigh-power lasers, and gravity devices. Thrust values were varied between 100 kN and 1,000 kN with Isp of 1,500 s and 2,000 s, while capacitor specific energy was varied from 1 - 15 kJ/kg. Q was varied from 3.0 to 6.0, resulting in gigawatts of excess power. Thruster efficiency was varied from 0.9 to 1.0, resulting in hundreds of megawatts of excess power. Resulting system masses were on the order of 10's to 100's of metric tons with thrust-to-weight ratios ranging from 2.1 to 44.1, depending on capacitor specific energy. Such a high thrust/high Isp system with a high power generation capability would allow military versatility in sub-orbital space, as early as 2025, and beyond as early as 2050. This paper presents the results that coincide with a total system mass between 15 and 20 metric tons.

Knecht, Sean D.; Mead, Franklin B. [AFRL/PRSP, 10. E. Saturn Blvd., Edwards AFB, CA 93524 (United States); Thomas, Robert E. [Dept. of Aero. Eng., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61821 (United States); Miley, George H. [Dept. of Nuclear Plasma and Radiological Eng., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61821 (United States); Froning, David [Flight Unlimited, Gumeracha SA 5233 (Australia)

2006-01-20

45

Why Military History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

Bunting, Josiah, III

2008-01-01

46

OKLAHOMA NATIVE AMERICAN YOUTH LANGUAGE FAIR Spoken Language with Power Point  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA NATIVE AMERICAN YOUTH LANGUAGE FAIR Spoken Language with Power Point® Category Description® presentation in a Native American language. Presentations may cover any number of topics and should use is to demonstrate Native American language use, so the focus of the Power Point® should be Native American language

Oklahoma, University of

47

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electricity and Electronics. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Module 30: Intermediate Power Supplies. Study Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This individualized learning module on intermediate power supplies is one in a series of modules for a course in basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Four lessons are included…

Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

48

Liberty, Power, and the American Constitutional Heritage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principles, values, and issues of our constitutional heritage that should be emphasized in citizenship education are based on the concepts of liberty and power. The Constitution is not a sacred icon formulated by immortals, but rather a changing and controversial framework guided by a diverse group of practical politicians, sensitive to their…

Madison, James H.

49

Computer modeling of the American Power Conversion Corporation photovoltaic power conditioning system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes the development of a computer model of the American Power Conversion Corporation's Sunsine 2000 photovoltaic power conditioning unit. This work was performed as part of the National Photovoltaics Program within the United States Department of Energy and was supervised by Sandia National Laboratories. The overall objective of the national program is to promote the development of low

O. Wasynczuk; P. C. Krause

1987-01-01

50

Explaining civil-military relations in Southeast Asia  

E-print Network

Civil-military relations describe the interactions and balance of power between the civilians and the military in a nation state. Due to the organizational apparatus and capacity for forcible coercion that the military ...

Kwok, Jia-Chuan

2010-01-01

51

The Adjustment of New Recruits to Military Life in the Chinese Army: The Longitudinal Predictive Power of MMPI-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present the findings of two studies analyzing new recruits' adjustment to army life in the Chinese military. In the first exploratory study, we developed a scale to measure new recruits' adjustment to military life, and found that new soldiers' adaptation could be divided into two distinct types: interpersonal…

Xiao, Lijun; Han, Jing; Han, Jian

2011-01-01

52

Women in Military Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American women have participated in and made significant contributions to the defense of this nation during both war and peace times. Their contributions, however, have gone largely unacknowledged and unrewarded. The history of women serving in defense of our nation began more than 220 years ago with women who served in the American Revolution and continues with those who serve today. The Women's Memorial Web site is dedicated to recognizing the achievements of women who have served in the military and also honors other women who have served in direct support of the US armed forces, particularly during times of war or conflict. The site offers historical data on valiant women who served in America's military as well as educational resources for teachers and students. It also provides information on how to plan a trip to the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, where the women who have served in this country's armed forces are individually and collectively honored.

53

Military issues.  

PubMed

This article reviews of some of the lessons in trauma psychiatry learned by the US military through wartime and other trauma experiences during the past century. Current practice in the military's employment of stress control teams is reviewed. The military's efforts to prevent and limit psychological casualties, to include the care of battle casualties and prisoners of war (POWs), are addressed. Recent experiences that have informed further, and are shaping the military's approach to managing the psychological aftermath of trauma (such as the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon and the current war with Iraq) are included. Guidelines developed after 9/11, and articulated in the "Mass Violence and Early Intervention" conference are presented. Finally, current ideas on preparation for and intervention after weapons of mass destruction will be outlined. PMID:15325487

Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Owens, Mark

2004-09-01

54

China as a nuclear power: its military policy and its role in world politics  

SciTech Connect

With their current conventional weapons, it is impossible for the Chinese to check a Soviet invasion. And, given China's defense technology and the priority of economic development, the prospect of a rapid defense modernization is also not too good. More importantly, since China has changed from a revolutionary power into a status quo power, it can no longer lure the enemy deep and use the strategy of people's war to sink the enemy. Under these circumstances, China has no choice but to use nuclear weapons for national defense. Resting national security on nuclear weapons is a matter of necessity rather than of choice to China. But his strategy unavoidably conflicts with another of China's needs: the need to polish its peace-loving image. To extricate itself from the dilemma, China has chosen to actively participate in the game of arms control - a tactic that can make China appear peace-loving and, if it really leads the superpowers to cut their nuclear arsenals, can also bolster China's national security. In fact, even if Chinese participation in arms control does not force the superpowers to cut their nuclear weapons, it has already encouraged the mounting global anti-nuclear movement, and increased the pressure on the superpowers.

Liu, B.

1986-01-01

55

Sino-Soviet Military Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military relations between the Soviet Union and Communist China were never as close as many have assumed, and since 1960 they have been virtually nonexistent. The Chinese have accepted a penalty to their military power as part of the cost of challenging Moscow's leadership in the Com munist world. For the Soviets, the cost has been slight, though they have

Raymond L. Garthoff

1963-01-01

56

Military technology: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

William J. Perry

2004-01-01

57

Outlook of the Officers: Military Thought in Chile, 1960-1990  

E-print Network

Personalization and Institutional Constraints: Pinochet, the Military Junta, and the 1980 Constitution,” Latin American PoliticsPersonalization and Institutional Constraints: Pinochet, the Military Junta, and the 1980 Constitution. ” Latin American Politics

Bawden, John Richard

2009-01-01

58

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electricity and Electronics. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Module 20: Solid State Power Supplies; 20T: Electron Tube Power Supplies. Study Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of individualized learning modules on power supplies is one in a series of modules for a course in basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Two modules are included in the…

Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

59

The Barracks Subculture of Military School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The subcultures that develop among military students have a powerful influence on their values and behavior, and in some situations are more influential than the official, military culture. Any attempt to improve levels of discipline in the military cannot afford to ignore these subcultures. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.

Poliakov, R. Iu.

2011-01-01

60

Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals  

E-print Network

guest curated for the American Indian Community House Gallery in New York. Sev eral of the artists from the 2003 panel and exhibit are featured in this United States Department of State traveling exhibit, including Nadema Agard (Chero- kee... and filled our daily lives. It echoed through the lecture halls of histories and it was so powerful and it was so distracting that I forgot my place in linear time, and now I work from an untraceable present.8 Nadema Agard's concerns also reference...

Farris, Phoebe

2006-10-01

61

Review of the State-of-the-Art in Power Electronics Suitable for 10-KW Military Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the technological opportunities of integrating power electronics-based inverters into a TEP system, primarily in the 10-kW size range. The proposed enhancement offers potential advantages in weight reduction, improved efficiency, better performance in a wider range of generator operating conditions, greater versatility and adaptability, and adequate reliability. In order to obtain strong assurance of the availability of inverters that meet required performance and reliability levels, a market survey was performed. The survey obtained positive responses from several manufacturers in the motor drive and distributed generation industries. This study also includes technology reviews and assessments relating to circuit topologies, reliability issues, vulnerability to pulses of electromagnetic energy, potential improvements in semiconductor materials, and potential performance improvement through cryogenics.

Staunton, R.H.

2003-12-19

62

78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...encourage every American to do their part. Together, let us support our military children as they learn, grow, and live their dreams. And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United...

2013-11-05

63

The Racial History of the U.S. Military Academies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the history of the entry of African American students and faculty into the nation's prestigious military institutions: the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, and the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Notes that the military's effort to diversify its troops and officer corps is a recent…

Hansen, Susan D.

1999-01-01

64

THE SCIENCE OF SHARING POWER: NATIVE AMERICAN THOUGHT AND BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native American cultures have, over thousands of years, identified cultural practices from which other cultural entities, behavior analysis included, may benefit. In this paper, the authors discuss confluences between the principle of shared power in Native American (particularly Pueblo) philosophy and contemporary behavior analysis. Intriguing and useful convergences were identified in the definition of power, recognition of connectedness and definitions

Christine T. Lowery

1999-01-01

65

Civilian, ROTC, and Military Academy Undergraduate Attitudes toward Homosexuals in the U.S. Military: A Research Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigate a gap in attitudes toward homosexuals in the U.S. military among a select group of people—American civilian undergraduates, Reserve Officer Training Corp (ROTC) cadets, and cadets at military academies. Using a subsample (N = 3057) of data from the Biannual Attitude Survey of Students (BASS), being a military academy cadet is associated with the strongest agreement for

Morten G. Ender; David E. Rohall; Andrew J. Brennan; Michael D. Matthews; Irving Smith

2012-01-01

66

DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY  

E-print Network

1 DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY FAMILY MEMBERS: THE FLEET AND FAMILY SUPPORT CENTER ................. 3 II. POINTS OF CONTACT (POC).............................................................................................. 3 III. HEALTH & MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY

67

Military specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

Reynolds, Philip

1987-01-01

68

No class! A comment on Simon Bromley's American power and the prospects for international order  

Microsoft Academic Search

This intervention argues that Bromley's account of American power underplays some of the structural weaknesses in the US-made liberal order. These weaknesses are not principally the result of relative economic decline, but chiefly the product of a political insistence among US ruling classes in getting their own way (that is, for the immediate American interests to prevail) regardless of their

Alejandro Colás

2012-01-01

69

No class! A comment on Simon Bromley's American power and the prospects for international order  

Microsoft Academic Search

This intervention argues that Bromley's account of American power underplays some of the structural weaknesses in the US-made liberal order. These weaknesses are not principally the result of relative economic decline, but chiefly the product of a political insistence among US ruling classes in getting their own way (that is, for the immediate American interests to prevail) regardless of their

Alejandro Colás

2011-01-01

70

Excerpt from Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (revised and updated edition)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the introduction to the revised and updated edition of Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, forthcoming 2008). The book challenges the dominant academic and popular approach to conspiracy theories, which views them as a paranoid, extremist expression of marginal groups and individuals that pathologically challenges the basic assumptions of American history

Mark Fenster

2008-01-01

71

The Powers That Be: The American Endeavor to Suppress Black Political Voices The Powers That Be 89  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the history of America, the suppression of black political power has taken numerous structural and institutional forms. But the most disconcerting is that which involves direct abuse of power by publicly funded government agencies. The American government has used silencing mechanisms involving espionage, framing, threats, forgery, and even assassination to \\

Eric W. Buetzow

72

The occurrence of military coups in Latin America: some speculations  

E-print Network

litary coups d' etat in Latin American countries. The hypotheses tested focused on the relationship between the timing of coups and civilian opposit1on, public disorder, imminence of elect1ons and/or assumption of power, deteriorat1ng economic cond1...- tions, and coup contaoion, that is, the occurrence of coups in neighboring countr1es. For most of the hypotheses investigated the results were dis- couraging. The only variable shown to cons1stently correlate with military coup was public disorder...

Cediel, Maria Cecilia Canals de

1981-01-01

73

Native American Community Academy: The Power of Embracing Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value that Native American nations place on deliberative experiential learning and oral reflection often is opposed to traditional practices in US schools. The inherent differences between those cultural approaches to learning have contributed to the large achievement gap between Native American schools and traditional public schools. In 2006…

Principal Leadership, 2013

2013-01-01

74

AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER'S CONESVILLE POWER PLANT UNIT NO.5 CO2 CAPTURE RETROFIT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

ALSTOM Power Inc.'s Power Plant Laboratories (ALSTOM) has teamed with American Electric Power (AEP), ABB Lummus Global Inc. (ABB), the US Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL), and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) to conduct a comprehensive study evaluating the technical feasibility and economics of alternate CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration technologies applied to an existing US coal-fired electric generation power plant. The motivation for this study was to provide input to potential US electric utility actions concerning GHG emissions reduction. If the US decides to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions, action would need to be taken to address existing power plants. Although fuel switching from coal to natural gas may be one scenario, it will not necessarily be a sufficient measure and some form of CO{sub 2} capture for use or disposal may also be required. The output of this CO{sub 2} capture study will enhance the public's understanding of control options and influence decisions and actions by government, regulators, and power plant owners in considering the costs of reducing greenhouse gas CO{sub 2} emissions. The total work breakdown structure is encompassed within three major reports, namely: (1) Literature Survey, (2) AEP's Conesville Unit No.5 Retrofit Study, and (3) Bench-Scale Testing and CFD Evaluation. The report on the literature survey results was issued earlier by Bozzuto, et al. (2000). Reports entitled ''AEP's Conesville Unit No.5 Retrofit Study'' and ''Bench-Scale Testing and CFD Evaluation'' are provided as companion volumes, denoted Volumes I and II, respectively, of the final report. The work performed, results obtained, and conclusions and recommendations derived therefrom are summarized.

Carl R. Bozzuto; Nsakala ya Nsakala; Gregory N. Liljedahl; Mark Palkes; John L. Marion

2001-06-30

75

Dilemmas of decline, risks of rise : the systemic and military sources of rising state strategy towards declining great powers  

E-print Network

What explains variation in relatively rising state strategy towards declining great powers? This project develops and tests a theory of state strategy vis-a-vis declining great powers, termed Realist Decline Theory. Realist ...

Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua R

2013-01-01

76

3 CFR 9048 - Proclamation 9048 of October 31, 2013. Military Family Month, 2013  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...encourage every American to do their part. Together, let us support our military children as they learn, grow, and live their dreams. And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the...

2014-01-01

77

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

78

The Power of American Indian Parents and Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role that schools, communities, and parents can play in transmitting American Indian culture and language to Indian children, focusing on the experiences of the Hualapai Indians and Peach Springs School District in Arizona. (three references) (MDM)

Watahomigie, Lucille

1995-01-01

79

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

80

Wayne E. Lee - Peace Chiefs and Blood Revenge: Patterns of Restraint in Native American Warfare, 1500“1800 - The Journal of Military History 71:3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions of the escalation in the intensity and lethality of European–Native American warfare lack a systematic catalog of Indian restraints on war, in contrast to the extensive literature on European warfare. This article surveys eastern Native American societies at war from roughly 1500 to 1800 for limits on destructive potential and intent. Although Indian societies were willing to seek to

Wayne E. Lee

2007-01-01

81

Education, Racism, and the Military: A Critical Race Theory Analysis of the GI Bill and Its Implications for African Americans in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of the Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944 (the GI Bill) on African Americans' quest for higher education. The central question guiding this study follows: Why has higher education been so elusive for African Americans? With reference to this question, the following sub-questions were addressed: (1) How can the…

Mencke, Bernadette Kristine Buchanan

2010-01-01

82

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electronics School. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Modules 20-22: Power Supplies, Amplifiers, Oscillators. Progress Checks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains student progress checks designed for use with individualized modules 20-22 in the military-developed course on basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. One…

Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

83

TRICARE, Military Health System  

MedlinePLUS

... a Doctor Book Appointments Getting Care When Traveling Military Hospitals and Clinics Multi-Service Markets Network Providers ... of TRICARE Coverage Get Dental Care View My Military Health Record Less TRICARE News TRICARE’s Beneficiary Web ...

84

British military forensic psychiatry.  

PubMed

Military psychiatry has recently generated a lot of interest. In contrast there is virtually no literature on military forensic psychiatry. The first section of the paper is a brief review of British military psychiatric services and recent data on the prevalence of mental illness in British armed forces personnel. The second section summarizes the relevant aspects of the British military judicial and penal systems including the practice of summary justice, the court martial system, and sentencing and corrective training. The third section of the paper addresses issues which are particular to forensic psychiatry, including mental defences in relation to the military, the military offences of malingering and impersonation, risk assessment in military contexts and the notion of 'temperamental unsuitability' to military service. PMID:15176622

Turner, Mark A; Neal, Leigh A

2004-04-01

85

Opportunities for School Psychologists Working with Children of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's military families are a diverse, resilient group of brave Americans, and the country owes them a tremendous debt of gratitude. To date, over 2 million service members have been deployed in support of the Global War on Terrorism, many for multiple tours. For the first time in the country's history, there are more military dependents…

Sherman, Michelle D.; Glenn, Marshall Andrew

2011-01-01

86

Cell phones, clothing, and sex: first impressions of power using older African Americans as stimuli.  

PubMed

Sex, material possessions, and race have long been associated with prestige or status in American society, yet little research has examined this idea. Little is known about the effect of cell phones on first impressions. In a 2 (cell phone: present, absent) x 2 (clothing: jacket, no jacket) x 2 (sex) between-subjects design, 160 women from a predominantly Black college rated stimuli of older, African Americans on 15 items measuring perceived power on three power subscales: expert, legitimate, and coercive. Multivariate analysis of variance showed a 3-way interaction for clothing, cell phone, and sex of stimulus person. PMID:14723458

Ross, Allison; Barker, Kathleen

2003-12-01

87

Space and the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter began by providing a foundation to analyze military space issues by discussing three ways to describe spacepower: space activity sectors (civil, commercial, intelligence, and defense); military space mission areas (space support, force enhancement, space control, and force application); and military space doctrines (sanctuary, survivability, control, and high ground). It then briefly described the major organizations that are stakeholders

Peter Hays

88

Military Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

Military Risk Assessment: From Conventional Warfare to Counter Insurgency Operations C.W. Johnson 8 reserved. ISBN 978-0-85261-933-9 #12;Military Risk Assessment 3 Contents 1 An Introduction to Military Risk Management ............................................. 10 1.1 Risk Management Processes in MIL STD 882D

Williamson, John

89

Military and Civilian Undergraduates: Attitudes Toward Women, Masculinity, and Authoritarianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of civilian and military college environments and undergraduates' sex on gender role attitudes and authoritarianism was investigated. Three hundred thirteen male and 69 female, primarily white middle-class students at the United States Naval Academy, United States Air Force Academy, Reserve Officer Training Corps, and a civilian university participated. Approximately 7% were Hispanic, 6% African-American, and 5% Asian-American. Military

Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius; A. Leigh Lucart

2000-01-01

90

The Military Socialization of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revision of a paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Denver, Colo., 1971. The effects of military training in a university setting on the attitudes of prospective army officers are examined. ROTC recruits students with militaristic attitudes; the Corps serves to insulate cadets from the liberalizing effects of the…

Goertzel, Ted; Hengst, Acco

1971-01-01

91

Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations  

SciTech Connect

A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

Ball, D.Y.

1997-10-01

92

Space systems and the military geography of future regional conflicts  

SciTech Connect

The application of space systems to military operations as seen in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm will surely transform regional security environments around the world and rewrite the military geography of conflicts, alliances, and industrial strategies. The first part of this report outlines the significance of space systems for contemporary military operations, as seen recently in the operations against Iraq; the second parts describes the likely response of other actors and regions; the third section discusses implications of these developments for the future military geography of regions important to American security; and the fourth highlights programmatic implications for future US capabilities. 34 refs.

Butterworth, R.L.

1992-01-01

93

ABS Rules for Integrated Power Systems (IPS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will provide an overview of the american bureau of shipping (ABS) rules and for integrated power systems (IPS). The paper will include a review and comparison of the key requirements from the ABS steel vessel rules (for commercial ships) and the ABS naval vessel rules (for military ships) for integrated electric propulsion systems. The paper will explain how

M. Roa

2009-01-01

94

Harnessing the Sun to Power the Canal Road Treatment Plant at New Jersey American Water  

Microsoft Academic Search

To better control the escalating cost of electric power generation at its Canal Road Treatment Plant, New Jersey American Water (NJAW) decided to implement an environmentally friendly solution. The installation of a 500 kWdc solar photovoltaic energy plant allows NJAW to achieve strong financial results, while providing clean, reliable, and cost saving energy to the benefit of our customers and

Michael T. Wolan; Scott C. Connor; Thomas P. Kuster

2008-01-01

95

The Real Ebonics Debate: Power, Language, and the Education of African-American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent discussions about the teaching of Black English, known as Ebonics, in the Oakland (California) school district have highlighted concerns about the right way to educate African American children. The authors of essays in this collection offer background history that explores the race and power dynamics surrounding the development of…

Perry, Theresa, Ed.; Delpit, Lisa, Ed.

96

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Smart Power Management for an Onboard Wireless Sensors  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Smart Power Management for an Onboard Wireless, 2629 HS, The Netherlands The employment of wireless links for spacecraft onboard data communication is of paramount importance to such an onboard wireless sensors and actuators network (OWSAN). This paper proposes

Kuzmanov, Georgi

97

Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the American Power Act of 2010  

EIA Publications

This report responds to a request from Senators Kerry, Graham, and Lieberman for an analysis of the American Power Act of 2010 (APA). APA, as released by Senators Kerry and Lieberman on May 12, 2010, regulates emissions of greenhouse gases through market-based mechanisms, efficiency programs, and other economic incentives.

2010-01-01

98

Why Are Themed Brandstores So Powerful? Retail Brand Ideology at American Girl Place  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is growing interest in themed brandstores, we still know very little about the source of these retail environments’ power to affect consumers profoundly. Utilizing an ethnographic study of American Girl Place, a culturally rich and highly successful retail environment, we find that effective retailing in these contexts is an intensely ideological affair. In our participant-observation of, and on-site

Stefania Borghini; Nina Diamond; Robert V. Kozinets; Mary Ann McGrath; Albert M. Muñiz Jr.; John F. Sherry Jr.

2009-01-01

99

Frequency Control Concerns in the North American Electric Power System  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the relationship between system frequency, reliability and markets. It was prompted by the frequency deviations recently experienced at 2200 hours daily but is more generally concerned with the question of what frequency control is necessary. The paper does not provide new information or document new research. Nor is it intended to educate readers concerning power system engineering. Instead, the purpose is to reexamine well known truths concerning the power system and to freshly explore the basic relationship between frequency, reliability and markets: stepping back, if you will, to see if we are collectively missing something. The concern of this paper is with frequency and reliability. Off-nominal frequency can impact reliability and markets efficiency (as we are using the term here) in four ways. It could damage equipment (generation, transmission, or load). It could degrade the quality of the product being delivered to end users (too low and lights would flicker unacceptably, for example). It could result in the collapse of the power system itself (by triggering protective system actions, for example). Or it could result in overloading transmission lines as various generators try to restore system frequency impacting markets efficiency. Often these causes operate in concert. Generator protective systems take action to prevent generator damage, for example, but exacerbate the overall generation/load imbalance. The paper is divided into two sections. The Introduction is followed by a section titled ''A Perspective on Frequency Control'' which addresses the physical requirements of the power system and how market transactions interact with the physical system. The ''Frequency Standards and Control Performance'' section discusses the various NERC and regional reliability council policies that govern utility performance and how these relate to frequency and reliability. Finally, Conclusions are provided.

Kirby, B.J.

2003-03-26

100

Autonomy in military aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military users are becoming increasingly dependent on satellites for vital services related to communication, surveillance information, navigation, and meteorological data. The current military spacecraft, however, need the services of a ground support network which is vulnerable in connection with a variety of threats. It has, therefore, been proposed to decrease the dependence of the satellites on the ground segment by

D. W. Henderson

1983-01-01

101

Early Childhood Military Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

Pelo, Ann

2011-01-01

102

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-print Network

TERRORWARS SPACEDAILY TERRADAILY MARSDAILY SPACE TRAVEL SPACEMART SPACE DATABASE Endangered Species WeCHANNELS SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE UAV NEWS MILITARY COMMS CYBERWARS MISSILE NEWS RAYGUNS project Nepal jails six soldiers for murder, human rights violations Ex-Peruvian spy chief wants CIA

103

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... quick fact sheet about this program. Military Spouse Scholarships The mission of this scholarship program is to help prepare military spouses for ... better contribute to their family’s financial security. Our scholarships are awarded to spouses of all Uniformed Services ...

104

Military Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

105

World War II Military Situation Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maps have been integral to military conflicts and warfare since time immemorial, and many of these documents are highly prized by collectors and military historians. The American Memory Project at the Library of Congress recently created this fine digital collection of World War II situation maps from the years 1944 and 1945. Beginning with the D-Day Invasion, the maps provide information about troop positions throughout Western Europe, along with important graphical representations of various landmarks within the military landscape. Visitors can browse through the collection by title, creator, subject, place, or date. Perhaps the finest part of the site is an interactive essay that takes users through the Battle of the Bulge with a series of maps and some brief commentaries.

106

76 FR 74783 - American River Power II, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...run-of-river utilizing surplus water from the Olmsted Lock & Dam, as directed by the Corps. Applicant Contact: Mr. John P. Henry, American River Power II, LLC, 726 Eldridge Avenue, Collingswood, NJ 08107-1708. (856) 240-0707....

2011-12-01

107

Protective Parenting, Relationship Power Equity, and Condom Use Among Rural African American Emerging Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Sexually transmitted infections disproportionately affect African Americans, particularly young women. The influence of a set of interrelated protective parenting processes—instrumental and emotional support, sexual risk communication, and encouragement of goals for employment or education—on emerging adult women was examined. Parenting was hypothesized to affect consistent condom use through its association with women’s reports of power equity in their intimate relationships. Hypotheses were tested with 135 sexually active women 18 to 21 years of age living in rural southern communities. Structural equation modeling indicated that (a) parenting processes predicted women’s self-reported relationship power equity and consistent condom use, and (b) relationship power equity predicted consistent condom use. Limited support emerged for a mediational role of relationship power equity in explaining the influence of parenting on consistent condom use. Parental involvement and young women’s establishment of personal control in their intimate relationships are important goals for sexual risk reduction programs. PMID:23729949

Kogan, Steven M.; Simons, Leslie G.; Chen, Yifu; Burwell, Stephanie; Brody, Gene H.

2012-01-01

108

NAS battery demonstration at American Electric Power:a study for the DOE energy storage program.  

SciTech Connect

The first U.S. demonstration of the NGK sodium/sulfur battery technology was launched in August 2002 when a prototype system was installed at a commercial office building in Gahanna, Ohio. American Electric Power served as the host utility that provided the office space and technical support throughout the project. The system was used to both reduce demand peaks (peak-shaving operation) and to mitigate grid power disturbances (power quality operation) at the demonstration site. This report documents the results of the demonstration, provides an economic analysis of a commercial sodium/sulfur battery energy storage system at a typical site, and describes a side-by-side demonstration of the capabilities of the sodium/sulfur battery system, a lead-acid battery system, and a flywheel-based energy storage system in a power quality application.

Newmiller, Jeff (Endecon Engineering, San Ramon, CA); Norris, Benjamin L. (Norris Energy Consulting Company, Martinez, CA); Peek, Georgianne Huff

2006-03-01

109

Ingredients of military genius. Student essay  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with military genius from an historical and a classical theory perspective. The author modifies an approach developed by Carl von Clausewitz that makes use of theory as a framework for the study of history. Clausewitz used theory to study campaigns of Napoleon. This article uses Clausewitz's theory of military genius to study some of the great captains of the American Civil War and World War II. Using seven qualities of military genius that Clausewitz lists in his ON WAR, a study was made to ascertain commonalities of behavior displayed by great battlefield generals. Historical examples are given which reflect the qualities of military genius. The basic hypothesis of the article is that successful generals command their armies with their total being and not just one predominate aspect of their person. The underlying theme is that body, emotions, mind, and spirit must work in a relatively balanced manner which results in military genius being displayed. Historical example urges each senior officer to continually train and discipline his being in preparation for his possible future destiny.

Blair, J.M.

1986-04-07

110

Breastfeeding among low income, African-American women: power, beliefs and decision making.  

PubMed

Breastfeeding rates among African-American women lag behind all other ethnic groups. National data show that only 45% of African-American women reported ever breastfeeding compared to 66 and 68% of Hispanic and white women, respectively. Of African-American women who do choose to breastfeed, duration is short, with many discontinuing in the first days after birth. This report applies a social ecological framework to breastfeeding to investigate macrolevel-microlevel linkages. We posit that macrolevel factors, such as the media, aggressive marketing of breastmilk substitutes, welfare reform, hospital policy and breastfeeding legislation, interact with microlevel factors to influence a woman's decision to breastfeed. These microlevel factors include features of the community, neighborhoods, workplaces that support or discourage breastfeeding, social and personal networks and cultural norms and individual beliefs about breastfeeding. The report discusses how power operates at each level to influence women's choices and also emphasizes the value of ethnographic data in breastfeeding studies. Through a case study of a sample of low income, African-American women living in Baltimore, MD, where breastfeeding role models are few, beliefs that discourage breastfeeding are many, and where everyday life is full of danger and fear, it is understandable that breastfeeding is not considered practical. The narrative data provide important information that can be used to enhance intervention efforts. To reach the Surgeon General's Healthy People 2010 breastfeeding goals requires a shift in cultural norms and structures at all levels that will support breastfeeding for all women. PMID:12514315

Bentley, Margaret E; Dee, Deborah L; Jensen, Joan L

2003-01-01

111

Ethics and American Power: Speeches by Caspar W. Weinberger and George P. Shultz. Responses by Philip Geyelin, Smith Hempstone, Carl F. H. Henry, Thomas Molnar, Richard John Neuhaus, David D. Newsom, William V. O'Brien, Paul Seabury, Roger L. Shinn, Seymour Siegel, Edward Teller, Richard M. Nixon. Ethics and Public Policy Essay 59.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two cabinet secretaries address the problems of when and how the United States should use military power. Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger emphasizes the importance of prudence and restraint in the use of military force in chapter 1: "The Uses of Military Power." Secretary of State George P. Shultz stresses the vital importance of…

Lefever, Ernest W., Ed.

112

Asian American and Pacific Islander Military Veterans in the United States: Health Service Use and Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We (1) compared use of various health services nationally between Asian American and Pacific Islander (AA/PI) veterans and veterans of other racial/ethnic groups and (2) specifically compared perceived barriers and stigma related to mental health services. Methods. Using bivariate and multivariable statistics, we analyzed a population-weighted sample of 8315 veterans from the 2010 National Survey of Veterans and a random sample of 567 recent veterans from Hawaii. Results. A total of 1.5% of veterans were AA/PI compared with 0.4% a decade ago. Compared with other veterans, AA/PI veterans reported higher socioeconomic status and better mental health, although these findings may be specific to AA veterans. Adjusting for sociodemographic and health differences, we found no differences in health service use or perceived barriers or stigma related to mental health services. Conclusions. AA/PIs are a small but fast-growing racial/ethnic group within the veteran population that deserves attention. Although veteran status may be protective against some barriers to mental health care found in the general AA/PI population, efforts to reduce barriers to health care among veterans should be continued. PMID:25100419

Whealin, Julia M.; Pietrzak, Robert H.

2014-01-01

113

Mental Health: Military  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Mental Health > People > Military Let's Talk Facts Brochures Understanding Mental Disorders: Your Guide to DSM-5 Healthy Minds, Healthy ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

114

Military Expenditure % of GDP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

115

ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

2014-02-24

116

ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security  

ScienceCinema

The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

2014-03-13

117

Optometry and the military.  

PubMed

This article comments on several of the major issues facing military optometry which were aired earlier this year at the AOA Federal Service Optometry Seminar. Among these issues, all of which influence recruitment and retention of optometry officers, are constructive credit, bonus and incentive pay, promotion policies, and optimum scope of care. Dr. Turner emphasizes that solutions to these problem areas depend not only upon AOA actions but also personal efforts and professionalism of military OD's. PMID:1027779

Turner, H C

1976-02-01

118

Environmental Assessment for Central Power and Light Company`s proposed Military Highway-CFE tie 138/69-kV transmission line project Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Central Power and Light Company (CPL) intends to upgrade its existing transmission line ties with the Commision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) system in Mexico. CPL currently has a single 69-kilovolt (kV) transmission line in the Brownsville area which connects CPL`s system with the system of CFE. This existing line runs between the Brownsville Switching Station, located on Laredo Road in Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas, and an existing CFE 69-kV line at the Rusteberg Bend of the Rio Grande in Cameron County. Under current conditions of need, the existing 69-kV line does not possess sufficient capability to engage in appropriate power exchanges. Therefore, CPL is proposing to build a new line to link up with CFE. This proposed line would be a double-circuit line, which would (1) continue (on a slightly relocated route) the existing 69-kV tie from CPL`s Brownsville Switching Station to CFE`s facilities, and (2) add a 138-kV tie from the Military Highway Substation, located on Military Highway (US Highway 281), to CFE`s facilities. The proposed 138/69-kV line, which will be constructed and operated by CPL, will be built primarily on steel single-pole structures within an average 60-foot (ft) wide right-of-way (ROW). It will be approximately 6900--9200 ft (1.3--1.7 miles) in length, depending on the alternative route constructed.

Not Available

1992-04-01

119

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures  

E-print Network

of resource cost scenarios, most coal power plants would be replaced by solar, wind, gas, and/or nuclearHigh-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3050, United States b Energy and Resources Group

Kammen, Daniel M.

120

Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.  

PubMed

The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30). PMID:24378502

Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

2014-02-01

121

US Military space policy 1945–92  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses space power theory to analyse the military space policy of the United States during the Cold War period up to the demise of the Soviet Union. It examines the consensus that emerged during this period which sought to prevent the weaponization of space. This consensus was called into question during the latter period with the announcement of

M Mowthorpe

2002-01-01

122

The Econometrics of Military Arms Races  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arms races - enduring rivalries between pairs of hostile powers, which prompt competitive acquisition of military capability - appear to be a pervasive phenomenon. From the past Cold War competition, between the US and the USSR, to present regional antagonisms, such as India and Pakistan, arms races remain a matter of continuing concern. This chapter reviews the econometric issues involved

J. Paul Dunne; Ron P. Smith

123

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Investigation of Impedance Characteristics and Power  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Investigation of Impedance Characteristics-964 Copyright © 2010 by University of Florida. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., with permission. #12;American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 2 Rp = plasma

Roy, Subrata

124

Chivalry in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chivalry is a word that is often been used in the context of the military. Yet, the meaning attached to chivalry differs.\\u000a Here are some examples:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a In his Memorial Address of 20 July 1966 in memory of the military resistance against Adolf Hitler the Bundeswehr’s former\\u000a Lieutenant General Hans Speidel quotes a section of a speech Colonel General Ludwig

Gerhard Kümmel

125

Addressing Impacts of Geomagnetic Disturbances on the North American Bulk Power System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a joint report issued in June 2010, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) identified geomagnetic disturbances as a high-impact, low-frequency (HILF) event risk to bulk power system reliability. The potential impact of geomagnetic disturbance events has gained renewed attention as recent studies have suggested that solar storms may be more severe and reach lower geographic latitudes than formerly expected and can affect bulk power system reliability. The most well known power system experience with geomagnetic disturbances in North America was the 13-14 March 1989 storm, which led to the collapse of the Hydro-Québec system in the early morning hours of 13 March 1989, lasting approximately 9 hours. NERC is actively addressing a range of HILF event risks to bulk power system reliability through the efforts of four of its task forces: Geomagnetic Disturbance, Spare Equipment Database, Cyber and Physical Attack, and Severe Impact Resilience. These task forces operate under the direction of three NERC committees: Planning, Operating, and Critical Infrastructure Protection. The NERC Geomagnetic Disturbance Task Force (GMDTF), which was established in September 2010, is charged with investigating the implications of geomagnetic disturbances to the reliability of bulk power systems and developing solutions to help mitigate these risks. The objective of these efforts is to develop models to better understand the nature and effects of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), the vulnerabilities of equipment, bulk power system design considerations, our ability to reduce the operational and real-time impacts of geomagnetic disturbances on the bulk power system, and restoration methods, as well as to inventory long-lead-time equipment. For more information on the current activities of the GMDTF, please visit: www.nerc.com/filez/gmdtf.html

Rollison, Eric; Moura, John; Lauby, Mark

2011-08-01

126

Evolution of US military space doctrine: precedents, prospects, and challenges  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation examines the evolution of US military space doctrine by: (1) defining military doctrine, its importance, and how it should be evaluated; (2) identifying principles of geopolitics, strategy, and war applicable to military space operations; (3) establishing how well does Air Force aerospace doctrine treat space issues and requirements for itself and the other Services: (4) identifying future directions for military space doctrine; and (5) postulating what might constitute a US military space doctrine in the future. The approach utilized incorporates analyses of the space environment, geopolitics, strategy, the principles of war, and the development of air power and sea power to provide a framework of constants or invariants within which military space operations must be conducted. It also utilizes a framework of inconstants or variants, consisting of technology impacts and organizational requirements, to which military space doctrine must respond. Other doctrinal requirements are derived from the 1987 DOD space policy, the Strategic Defense Initiative, and international space law. Finally, an assessment is made of future concepts and directions of US military space doctrine.

Johnson, D.J.

1987-01-01

127

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota  

E-print Network

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota Learning Circle Lesson - Leader's Guide Compiled by: Sara Croymans & Rose Allen, Regional Extension Educators Reviewed by: Minnesota Operation Military Kids Team 2006 The University of Minnesota is committed to the policy that all persons

Amin, S. Massoud

128

Power-Up: A Collaborative After-School Program to Prevent Obesity in African American Children  

PubMed Central

Background Schools represent a key potential venue for addressing childhood obesity. Objective To assess the feasibility of Power-Up, an after-school program to decrease obesity risk among African American children, using community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. Methods Teachers led 14 weekly nutrition and physical activity sessions during after-school care at the Woodlawn Community School on Chicago’s South Side. Forty African American children ages 5 to 12 participated; their 28 parents discussed similar topics weekly at pickup time, and families practiced relevant skills at home. Pre- and post-intervention anthropometrics, blood pressure, dietary measures, and health knowledge and beliefs for children and parents were compared in univariate analysis. Results At baseline, 26% of children were overweight; 28% were obese. Post-intervention, mean body mass index (BMI) z scores decreased from 1.05 to 0.81 (p < .0001). Changes were more pronounced for overweight (?0.206 z-score units) than for obese children (?0.062 z-score units; p = .01). Girls decreased their combined prevalence of overweight/obesity from 52% to 46%; prevalence across these categories did not change for boys. The prevalence of healthful attitudes rose, including plans to “eat more foods that are good for you” (77% to 90%; p = .027) and “planning to try some new sports” (80% to 88%; p = .007). Conclusion Children in the Power-Up program reduced mean BMI z scores significantly. The after-school venue proved feasible. The use of CBPR principles helped to integrate Power-Up into school activities and contributed to likelihood of sustainability. Engaging parents effectively in the after-school time frame proved challenging; additional strate gies to engage parents are under development. Plans are underway to evaluate this intervention through a randomized study. PMID:22616204

Choudhry, Shahid; McClinton-Powell, Lori; Solomon, Marla; Davis, Dawnavan; Lipton, Rebecca; Darukhanavala, Amy; Steenes, Althera; Selvaraj, Kavitha; Gielissen, Katherine; Love, Lorne; Salahuddin, Renee; Embil, Frank K.; Huo, Dezheng; Chin, Marshall H.; Quinn, Michael T.; Burnet, Deborah L.

2013-01-01

129

Resilience among Military Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

2013-01-01

130

Current military laser applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several important military applications with the predominant laser type used are reviewed. Most of these lasers are infrared lasers of one sort or another. Airborne tactical programs utilizing laser designator\\/illuminators are pictorially summarized, including range finding, target seeking, designation, tracking, reconnaissance, and surveillance. A typical designator optical system configuration is presented and discussed. Examples of operational laser systems are given.

D. E. Flinchbaugh

1975-01-01

131

Failures in military aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severe operating conditions for components in military aircraft lead to a wide range of failure modes and introduce many factors which can influence those failures. As a result, the accident investigator or failure analyst may need to explore issues more widely than might be the case with systems operating in more benign or controlled environments. Complicating factors are the

Graham Clark

2005-01-01

132

The United States Military Assistance Advisory Group in French Indochina, 1950-1956  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the American Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) sent to French Indochina, from 1950 to 1956, when the United States provided major monetary and material aid to the French in their war against the communist Viet Minh. MAAG...

Weber, Nathaniel R.

2012-02-14

133

Academic and Military Instructional Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the practices and accomplishments of the military in the area of instructional technology. An examination of historical background is used to increase the precision of the definition of instructional technology. Specific contributions of the military are described and then uses of instructional technology in the military and…

Branson, Robert K.

134

Women in the Military: Research and Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, the most debated issue regarding the role of military women is whether they should be allowed to serve in combat. The role of warrior violates traditional feminine stereotypes. However, denying women the right to volunteer for combat may also deny them the right to full American citizenship. (Author/WI)

Segal, Mady Wechsler

1978-01-01

135

To Protect a Free Society: Maintaining Excellence in the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retired general reflects upon the distinctive traits of the American leader. The presence of the ROTC on many campuses ensures America of a military leadership that is varied in origin and perspective, widely representative, and broadly educated in the liberal values and traditions of society. (MLW)

Smith, Dewitt C., Jr.

1985-01-01

136

A BRIEF HISTORY OF US MILITARY VETERANS AT  

E-print Network

A BRIEF HISTORY OF US MILITARY VETERANS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA From the American is a brief overview of some of those men and women of the Penn community who have served and defended our with "To every thing there is a season..."; after reading the eighth verse, "a time of war, and a time

Plotkin, Joshua B.

137

Promoting Effective Physical Education for Migrant and Military Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Th e rise in residential mobility among families has created a pervasive issue in American schools that impacts the academic, social, and physical achievements of youth. This article aims to outline the profiles of two unique populations--migrant and military youth--impacted by residential mobility and provide recommendations for how their needs…

Culp, Brian

2014-01-01

138

Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American

Mary Mandels; Douglas E Eveleigh

2009-01-01

139

Gender power control, sexual experiences, safer sex practices, and potential HIV risk behaviors among young Asian-American women.  

PubMed

We examined the prevalence of three domains of sexual behaviors among young Asian-American women: sexual experiences, safer sex practices, and potential HIV risk behaviors. We also investigated the impact of gender power control on these domains. Among sexually experienced women, 51% reported using condoms during their most recent sex act, 63% reported inconsistent condom use, and 18% reported ever having forced sex. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that women's perceived lower relationship power control was not associated with vaginal sex or safer sex practices, but it was powerfully associated with forced sex and all three potential HIV risk behaviors. This study demonstrates that control within young Asian-American women's intimate relationships exerts different associations depending on the type of sexual behavior. The application of the Theory of Gender and Power should be employed with prudence when designing HIV interventions for this population. PMID:21259042

Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Lee, Jieha; Rough, Kathryn; Strathdee, Steffanie A

2012-01-01

140

Music Videos and Sexual Risk in African American Adolescent Girls: Gender, Power and the Need for Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Music videos contain sexual content often reflecting women as promiscuous, submissive, or passive. Few studies have examined gender- and sex-related attitudes in African American females, particularly across genres of music videos. Purpose: Using constructs from Cultivation Theory, Theory of Gender and Power and Social Cognitive…

Robillard, Alyssa

2012-01-01

141

Kentucky Military Treasures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Kentucky Veterans Trust Fund and the Kentucky Historical Society Foundation, the Kentucky Military Treasures site profiles the stories and experiences of veterans from the 18th century all the way up to the current day. The stories bring together artifacts, primary documents, and photographs to help enrich these unique stories. First-time visitors should peruse the timeline to get a sense of the ways in which Kentuckians have contributed to military conflicts large and small across the globe. In the "Signature Stories" area, visitors can learn about Richard M. Johnson of Beargrass, Kentucky. He was known for his leadership at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, and his story his told through four artifacts, including a powder horn and a cannon from the period. The "Curator's Corner" features an introduction from director of the Kentucky Historical Society, Kent Whitworth, and other comments on flags and weapons from curators at the Society. [KMG

142

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-06-01

143

Solar technical assistance provided to Forest City military communities in Hawaii for incorporation of 20-30 MW of solar energy generation to power family housing for US Navy personnel.  

SciTech Connect

In May 2007, Forest City Military Communities won a US Department of Energy Solar America Showcase Award. As part of this award, executives and staff from Forest City Military Communities worked side-by-side with a DOE technical assistance team to overcome technical obstacles encountered by this large-scale real estate developer and manager. This paper describes the solar technical assistance that was provided and the key solar experiences acquired by Forest City Military Communities over an 18 month period.

Dominick, Jeff (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Merrigan, Tim (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Boudra, Will (Forest City Military Communities, Honolulu, HI); Miller, Ryan (CH2M Hill, Englewood, CO); Cisneros, Gabriela (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Rosenthal, Andrew L. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Gupta, Vipin P.

2010-06-01

144

6. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July 1965 SOUTHEAST (Old Front) ELEVATION - First Territorial Capitol of Kansas, Fort Riley Military Reserve, Riley, Riley County, KS

145

5. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July 1965 NORTHWEST (Old Rear) ELEVATION - First Territorial Capitol of Kansas, Fort Riley Military Reserve, Riley, Riley County, KS

146

Military objectives in Soviet foreign policy  

SciTech Connect

The Soviet Union's military developments and the size of its armed forces strongly influence Western assumptions about Soviet foreign policy. The author shows how the need to plan for the contingency of world war has shaped Soviet policy, resulting in a force structure often perceived as far in excess of legitimate defense needs. In this book the motivations underlying Soviet policy are investigated as thoroughly as the military posture is examined. According to the author, a doctrinal decision in late 1966 about the likely nature of a world war resulted in a basic change in Soviet strategic objectives. Corresponding changes occurred in operational concepts, the approach to arms control, and policy in the third world. The necessary restructuring of Soviet forces took place during the 1970s and 1980s. This book identifies the old and new hierarchies of strategic objectives, analyzes the implications of the shift, and deduces the Soviet operational plan for waging world war, should it prove inescapable. This plan explains the structure of Soviet strategic forces and their military posture in Euro-Atlantic, Asian-Pacific, and Indo-Arabian regions. Decisions taken in the 1967-68 and 1976-77 periods explain much of current Soviet policy. However, Soviet-American relations sharply deteriorated between 1978 and 1983. The author also considers the kind of decisions that the Soviets may have taken in recent years in response to these developments.

McGwire, M.

1987-01-01

147

Is Japan a military threat to Asia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The foreign minister of Japan, Yohei Kono, stood in the UN General Assembly in September and sought to reassure delegates that Japan would not again employ military power in the international area. {open_quotes}Japan does not, nor will it, resort to the use of force prohibited by its constitution,{close_quotes} Kono said, {open_quotes}Japan will remain resolutely a nation of peace.{close_quotes}

Halloran

1994-01-01

148

Asian American Educational Attainment and Earning Power in Post-Racial America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief contextualizes the most recent data on mobility of Asian American students within the K to Ph.D. educational system in the new, so-called, colorblind post-racial America. Achievement data on Asian Americans are often presented in the same breath with Whites when compared to the academic achievement of African American, and…

Covarrubias, Alejandro; Liou, Daniel D.

2014-01-01

149

Coming home revisited: family life and military deployment.  

PubMed

The war in Iraq and Afghanistan has involved the deployment of hundreds of thousands of American soldiers, many of whom are married and have children. The experience of one military family living through a deployment in Iraq in 2011 is discussed and interpreted in light of Parse's humanbecoming family model. The model provides a useful way for nurses, and others, to understand families, in a way that honors their values and struggles in an everchanging and unpredictable world. Included is a brief discussion on how communication technologies are changing the experience of military deployment for families. PMID:22753576

Baumann, Steven L; Smith, Donald G

2012-07-01

150

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

151

18 CFR 1317.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 1317.210...Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These...

2011-04-01

152

18 CFR 1317.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 1317.210...Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These...

2012-04-01

153

18 CFR 1317.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 1317.210...Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These...

2013-04-01

154

18 CFR 1317.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 1317.210...Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY...Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These...

2014-04-01

155

Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities  

E-print Network

Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities Operation: Military Kids Program Overview The New Hampshire Operation: Military Kids (OMK) program partners with the military and community organizations across the state to raise awareness of the impact the deployment cycle has on military kids

New Hampshire, University of

156

Location, duration, and power; How Americans' driving habits and charging infrastructure inform vehicle-grid interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The substitution of electrical energy for gasoline as a transportation fuel is an initiative both with a long history, and one made both pressing and important in today's policy discussion by renewed interest in plug-in vehicles. The research presented in this dissertation attempts to inform the policy discussion for governments, for electric utilities, for the makers of electric cars, and for the industries developing and planning charging infrastructure. To that end, the impacts of variations to several possible system design parameters, on several metrics of evaluation, are assessed. The analysis is based on a dataset of vehicle trips collected by Georgia Institute of Technology, tracking almost 500 vehicles that commute to, from or within the Atlanta city center, comprising Atlanta `commuter-shed'. By assuming that this dataset of trips defines the desired travel behavior of urban and suburban American populations, the effects of travel electrification in personal vehicles can be assessed. Several significant and novel findings have emerged from this research. These include the conclusion that at-work charging is not necessarily the logical next step beyond home-charging, as it will in general add little to the substitutability of electric vehicles. In contrast, high power en-route charging, combined with modest power home charging is shown to be surprisingly effective, potentially requiring of EV drivers a total time spent at en-route recharging stations similar to that for liquid fueled cars. From the vehicle marketing perspective, a quantification of the hybrid household effect, wherein multi-vehicle households own one EV, showed that about a quarter of all households could adopt a vehicle with 80 miles of range with no changes to travel patterns. Of interest to grid management, this research showed an apparent maximum fleet-wide load from unregulated charging of about 1 kW per vehicle, regardless of EVSE power or EV battery size. This contrasts with a potential late night load spike an order of magnitude higher under certain time-of-use charging algorithm implementations. Finally, an EVSE and EV power capacity of 10-12 kW was shown to be a likely optimum if grid services from modulated charging are being considered.

Pearre, Nathaniel S.

157

Soviet Military Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the winter of 1991, thousands of items of Cold War paraphernalia found ready markets across the world, including the United States. High school and college students were now able to purchase the heavy wool jackets of Soviet and East German troops, and military buffs were able to acquire a number of patches, medals, and other items. The medals were often highly prized, and whether people understood the iconography and symbolism or not, they sought them out just the same. Fortunately for those interested in the wide world of Soviet military awards, there is this fine site which offers photographs and information about the various medals and their respective honors. With over 50 medals on the site, visitors can learn about the Order of October Revolution, the Pilot-Cosmonaut of USSR, and the rather curious Medal for Development of Virgin Lands, which commemorates the "young soviets" who relocated to Siberia, the Volga region, and northern Caucasus. For those whose interest is piqued by this material, there is also a newsletter that visitors can look through online.

158

Gender Power Control, Sexual Experiences, Safer Sex Practices, and Potential HIV Risk Behaviors Among Young Asian-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the prevalence of three domains of sexual behaviors among young Asian-American women: sexual experiences, safer\\u000a sex practices, and potential HIV risk behaviors. We also investigated the impact of gender power control on these domains.\\u000a Among sexually experienced women, 51% reported using condoms during their most recent sex act, 63% reported inconsistent condom\\u000a use, and 18% reported ever having

Hyeouk Chris Hahm; Jieha Lee; Kathryn Rough; Steffanie A. Strathdee

159

Drug Abuse among Military Offenders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of military offenders' drug abuse histories, both prior to and after entry on active duty, was conducted at the United States Army Retraining Brigade in the fall of 1975. Results indicate that a substantial number of trainees began to abuse drugs prior to entering the military. (Author)

Ratliff, Bascom W.; Eads, Jerry

1978-01-01

160

Economic Conditions of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-01-01

161

Engineering geosciences and military operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The earliest recorded use of geology for the terrain assessment of the battlefield occurred at Katzback in 1813 and contributed to the defeat of Napoleon's Army. Ever since, most major military operations have utilized geologic counsel to evaluate the terrain and features or execute battle actions. The value of geologic insight was recognized in books on the military applications of

George A. Kiersch

1998-01-01

162

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2014-07-01

163

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2013-07-01

164

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2012-07-01

165

Understanding the Military Medical Evaluation Process  

MedlinePLUS

... Military Child. Alcohol and Its Effects Military Extension Internship Program Understanding Commissaries and Exchanges Grief Counseling Options ... on this month's focus Featured Podcast Military Extension Internship Listen Transcript Social Media Hub dropdown menu The ...

166

Alone in the profession of arms: America's first three African American West Point graduates  

E-print Network

effectively as military commanders. In the late nineteenth century three exceptional African American men successfully challenged this notion. Henry Flipper, John Alexander and Charles Young became the first three black graduates of the U.S. Military Academy...

James, Jeremy Wayne

2009-05-15

167

Native American Mobilization and the Power of Recognition: Theorizing the Effects of Political Acknowledgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How recognition may empower or restrain Native American mobilization has not received sufficient scholarly attention and remains largely unexplored and under-theorized. This paper contributes a partial remedy to this oversight by explicitly theorizing how political recognition can mediate Native American collective action and lead to differential…

Stokes, DaShanne

2012-01-01

168

To enter and lead: renegotiating meanings of leadership and examining leadership theory of social power from the perspectives of African American women leaders in predominantly white organizations  

E-print Network

TO ENTER AND LEAD: RENEGOTIATING MEANINGS OF LEADERSHIP AND EXAMINING LEADERSHIP THEORY OF SOCIAL POWER FROM THE PERSPECTIVES OF AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN LEADERS IN PREDOMINANTLY WHITE ORGANIZATIONS A Dissertation by MARILYN YVONNE BYRD...: RENEGOTIATING MEANINGS OF LEADERSHIP AND EXAMINING LEADERSHIP THEORY OF SOCIAL POWER FROM THE PERSPECTIVES OF AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN LEADERS IN PREDOMINANTLY WHITE ORGANIZATIONS A Dissertation by MARILYN YVONNE BYRD Submitted to the Office...

Byrd, Marilyn Yvonne

2009-05-15

169

Exposure to risk and its impact on human capital : essays on combat exposure, military labor, and conflict duration  

E-print Network

This dissertation examines the impact of contemporaneous American participation in war on military labor and conflict duration. Chapter one uses variation in occupation-specific retention bonuses and mortality risks observed ...

Yankovich, Michael F

2013-01-01

170

American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics Study Cylindrical Thruster Low Power Space scaling of magnetic circuit leaves almost no magnetic Copyright American Institute Aeronautics; American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics ability coaxial thrusters achieve performance moderate power

171

The American Soldier: Combat and  

E-print Network

The American Soldier: Combat and Its Aftermath Samuel A. Stouffer, Arthur A. Lumsdaine, Marion, and Leonard S. Cottrell, Jr. The American Soldier: Combat and Its After- math was the first comprehensive. This volume became the essential source of data on soldiers for scholars working in military, orga- nizational

Landweber, Laura

172

“Crestspeak”: British Military Crested Ceramics, Military Socialization, and Collective Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many parts of the world, excavations of British military sites have unearthed material reflecting lifeways in the British\\u000a Empire. Specifically, studies of historical ceramics and glass have greatly advanced our understanding of status and material\\u000a expression. This study highlights the current body of knowledge on British military crested ceramics, contrasting the rarity\\u000a of archaeological finds with their abundance in

Paul A. Demers

2009-01-01

173

The Power of the Voice: Listening to Mexican and Central American Immigrant Experiences (1997-2010)  

E-print Network

This dissertation examines representations of immigrant experiences in Mexican and Central American cultural texts at the end of the twentieth and beginning of the twenty-first centuries. By examining immigrant experiences ...

Thornton, Megan L.

2010-04-27

174

Wind Power on Native American Lands: Opportunities, Challenges, and Status (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

The United States is home to more than 700 American Indian tribes and Native Alaska villages and corporations located on 96 million acres. Many of these tribes and villages have excellent wind resources that could be commercially developed to meet their electricity needs or for electricity export. This conference poster for Windpower 2007 describes the opportunities, challenges, and status of wind energy projects on Native American lands in the United States.

Jimenez, A.; Johnson, P. B.; Gough, R.; Robichaud, R.; Flowers, L.; Taylor, R.

2007-06-01

175

Space systems and the military geography of future regional conflicts. CNSS [Center for National Security Studies] report No. 14  

SciTech Connect

The application of space systems to military operations as seen in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm will surely transform regional security environments around the world and rewrite the military geography of conflicts, alliances, and industrial strategies. The first part of this report outlines the significance of space systems for contemporary military operations, as seen recently in the operations against Iraq; the second parts describes the likely response of other actors and regions; the third section discusses implications of these developments for the future military geography of regions important to American security; and the fourth highlights programmatic implications for future US capabilities. 34 refs.

Butterworth, R.L.

1992-01-01

176

Military Veterans (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... if you can still get 2015 coverage Health care coverage options for military veterans If you're enrolled in TRICARE or the Veterans health care program, you're considered covered under the health ...

177

Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is it like to be a military spouse? It can present some rather unique challenges including underemployment. This 111-page report by researchers Nelson Lim and David Schulker on underemployment among military spouses was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the work was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute. The work examines the extent and causes of underemployment among military spouses, and it also looks at their "look-alikes", who in this case happen to be a group of similar civilian wives. Their research indicates that military wives are much more likely not to be in the labor force, and they are also more likely to have relatively high levels of education for their jobs when compared to their civilian counterparts. Visitors will want to read over all seven chapters of the report, and they can also consult the indices, graphs, and helpful charts.

178

Makers of Modern Strategy: Military  

E-print Network

to the study of military strategy and the art of warfare, this seminar provoked fresh perspectives on how the challenge that nuclear weapons posed, given pro- nouncements that such weapons had rendered war

Landweber, Laura

179

Occupations: Military--Civilian Occupational Source Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on enlisted military occupations is offered in the source book to arrive at a comprehensive statement of job tasks in the military service and their similarities to jobs in civilian life. Basic information about five areas of the U.S. military services (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) focuses on their military

Armed Forces Vocational Testing Group, Universal City, TX.

180

Civilian and Military Genetics: Nondiscrimination Policy in a Post-GINA World  

PubMed Central

Evidence is emerging of a growing societal consensus about appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic information. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 provides new legal protections to Americans by prohibiting the discriminatory use of genetic information by health insurers and employers. Additionally, the United States military recently created new policies for fair use of genetic information in the determination of benefits for servicemen and servicewomen leaving military service. Although critical issues remain, such as the potential for genetic information to be used to deny people other forms of insurance, and how the military will use genetic medicine overall, significant progress has been made. PMID:18940308

Baruch, Susannah; Hudson, Kathy

2008-01-01

181

Military Famine, Human Rights, and Child Hunger: A Cross-National Analysis, 1990-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussions of world hunger have focused on economic growth and international food aid, assuming that food supply is the critical issue. The authors show that food access rooted in social stratification and military power is the central problem. Synthesizing the entitlement and military famine approaches to hunger, the authors examine the effects…

Jenkins, J. Craig; Scanlan, Stephen J.; Peterson, Lindsey

2007-01-01

182

Climate change and the military in China, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

National security agencies of four major powers—the United States, Russia, China, and the United Kingdom—see their militaries taking on additional roles in domestic disaster relief because of the effects of global climate change. Otherwise, national security actors show drastically different responses to climate change. The US and Russian militaries are planning for a thawing of the Arctic; but outside the

Michael Brzoska

2012-01-01

183

1. Photocopy of a photographca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of a photograph--ca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROELECTRIC PLANTS - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

184

Economic conditions of military families.  

PubMed

For military children and their families, the economic news is mostly good. After a period of steady pay increases, James Hosek and Shelley MacDermid Wadsworth write, service members typically earn more than civilians with a comparable level of education. Moreover, they receive many other benefits that civilians often do not, including housing allowances, subsidized child care, tuition assistance, and top-of-the-line comprehensive health care. Of course, service members tend to work longer hours than civilians do, and they are exposed to hazards that civilians rarely, if ever, face. The extra pay they receive when they are deployed to combat zones helps their families cope financially but cannot alleviate the stress. Though service members are relatively well paid, the military lifestyle takes a toll on the earnings of their spouses. Chiefly because the military requires service members to move frequently, spouses' careers are regularly interrupted, and employers are hesitant to offer them jobs that require a large investment in training or a long learning curve. More military spouses than comparable civilian spouses are either unemployed or work fewer hours than they would like, and military spouses overall tend to earn less than their civilian counterparts. Despite the military's relatively high pay, some service members and their families--particularly among the junior enlisted ranks--report financial distress, and a handful even qualify for food stamps. Moreover, precisely because military pay tends to be higher than civilian pay, families may see a drop in income when a service member leaves the armed forces. Finally, the pay increases of recent years have slowed, and force cutbacks are coming; both of these factors will alter the financial picture for service members, possibly for the worse. PMID:25518691

Hosek, James; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid

2013-01-01

185

Classification of Military Ground Vehicles Using Time Domain Harmonics' Amplitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the United Nations peacekeeping op- erations, we developed an energy-efficient method for the detection and classification of military vehicles using a group of wireless sen- sors. The method is adequate for low-power unattended sensors which perform sensing, feature extraction, and classification in a standalone scenario. Harmonics' amplitudes approximating the harmonic signature of the time domain acoustic

Peter E. William; Michael W. Hoffman

2011-01-01

186

Reacting to nuclear power systems in space: American public protests over outer planetary probes since the 1980s  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States has pioneered the use of nuclear power systems for outer planetary space probes since the 1970s. These systems have enabled the Viking landings to reach the surface of Mars and both Pioneers 10 and 11 and Voyagers 1 and 2 to travel to the limits of the solar system. Although the American public has long been concerned about safety of these systems, in the 1980s a reaction to nuclear accidents - especially the Soviet Cosmos 954 spacecraft destruction and the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accidents - heightened awareness about the hazards of nuclear power and every spacecraft launch since that time has been contested by opponents of nuclear energy. This has led to a debate over the appropriateness of the use of nuclear power systems for spacecraft. It has also refocused attention on the need for strict systems of control and rigorous checks and balances to assure safety. This essay describes the history of space radioisotope power systems, the struggles to ensure safe operations, and the political confrontation over whether or not to allow the launch the Galileo and Cassini space probes to the outer planets. Effectively, these efforts have led to the successful flights of 12 deep space planetary probes, two-thirds of them operated since the accidents of Cosmos 954, Three Mile Island, and Chernobyl.

Launius, Roger D.

2014-03-01

187

Enacting Red Power: The Consummatory Function in Native American Protest Rhetoric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the American Indian Movement (AIM) with respect to (1) the role of tradition in AIM demands; (2) militant Indian rhetoric as a form of ritual self-address; (3) how Indian religious/cultural beliefs restrict the ability of language to persuade Whites; and (4) how militant Indian rhetoric fulfills its function. (PD)

Lake, Randall A.

1983-01-01

188

Discourse and power: Native Americans and Spaniards negotiate a new world in La Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the Spaniards, the first of the Europeans to explore and colonize in what is now the United States, entered the Southeast that they called La Florida, in the early sixteenth century, the majority of the Native Americans whom they encountered were Maskoki peoples, the ancestors of the peoples known today as Seminoles, Miccosukees, and Creeks. Contrary to what I

Patricia Riles Wickman

1997-01-01

189

American Indian Geographies of Identity and Power: At the Crossroads of Indigena and Mestizaje.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that critical pedagogy fails to consider indigenous perspectives and calls for critical theorists to reexamine epistemological foundations. Urges American Indian scholars to bring their perspectives into this dialogue in order to redefine identity, democracy, and social justice. (Contains 65 references.) (SK)

Grande, Sandy Marie Anglas

2000-01-01

190

Eliminating Health Disparities in the African American Population: The Interface of Culture, Gender, and Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the release of former Secretary Margaret Heckler's "Secretary's Task Force Report on Black and Minority Health" more than two decades ago, excess death from chronic diseases and other conditions between African Americans and Whites have increased. The conclusion of that report emphasized excess death and thus clinical care, paying little…

Airhihenbuwa, Collins O.; Liburd, Leandris

2006-01-01

191

Being a Korean Studying Koreans in an American School: Reflections on Culture, Power, and Ideology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent debates on situated knowledge highlight the issue of the researcher's position in the research process, challenging the traditional assumption of the insider/outsider dichotomy. Drawing on my fieldwork among Korean immigrant parents in an American school, I describe my shifting positions in negotiation and scrutinize the ways my reflexivity…

Lim, Minjung

2012-01-01

192

The Potential for Enhancing the Power of Genetic Association Studies in African Americans through the Reuse of Existing Genotype Data  

PubMed Central

We consider the feasibility of reusing existing control data obtained in genetic association studies in order to reduce costs for new studies. We discuss controlling for the population differences between cases and controls that are implicit in studies utilizing external control data. We give theoretical calculations of the statistical power of a test due to Bourgain et al (Am J Human Genet 2003), applied to the problem of dealing with case-control differences in genetic ancestry related to population isolation or population admixture. Theoretical results show that there may exist bounds for the non-centrality parameter for a test of association that places limits on study power even if sample sizes can grow arbitrarily large. We apply this method to data from a multi-center, geographically-diverse, genome-wide association study of breast cancer in African-American women. Our analysis of these data shows that admixture proportions differ by center with the average fraction of European admixture ranging from approximately 20% for participants from study sites in the Eastern United States to 25% for participants from West Coast sites. However, these differences in average admixture fraction between sites are largely counterbalanced by considerable diversity in individual admixture proportion within each study site. Our results suggest that statistical correction for admixture differences is feasible for future studies of African-Americans, utilizing the existing controls from the African-American Breast Cancer study, even if case ascertainment for the future studies is not balanced over the same centers or regions that supplied the controls for the current study. PMID:20824062

Chen, Gary K.; Millikan, Robert C.; John, Esther M.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Bernstein, Leslie; Zheng, Wei; Hu, Jennifer J.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Ziegler, Regina G.; Bandera, Elisa V.; Henderson, Brian E.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Stram, Daniel O.

2010-01-01

193

Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons: Military effectiveness and collateral effects  

E-print Network

The paper begins with a general introduction and update to Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons (FGNW), and then addresses some particularly important military aspects on which there has been only limited public discussion so far. These aspects concern the unique military characteristics of FGNWs which make them radically different from both nuclear weapons based on previous-generation nuclear-explosives and from conventional weapons based on chemical-explosives: yields in the 1 to 100 tons range, greatly enhanced coupling to targets, possibility to drive powerful shaped charged jets and forged fragments, enhanced prompt radiation effects, reduced collateral damage and residual radioactivity, etc.

Gsponer, A

2005-01-01

194

Military laser weapons: current controversies.  

PubMed

Military laser weapons systems are becoming indispensable in most modern armies. These lasers have undergone many stages of development, and have outpaced research on eye protection measures, which continue to have inherent limitations. Eye injuries caused by military lasers are increasingly reported, leading to speculation that these would become an important cause of blinding in modern conflicts. As part of the effort to ban inhumane weapons, international laws have been passed to restrict the proliferation of such blinding weapons. However, there are controversies concerning the interpretation, implementation and effectiveness of these laws. The ophthalmic community can play a greater role in highlighting ocular morbidity from military lasers, and in preventing their further proliferation. PMID:11471090

Seet, B; Wong, T Y

2001-09-01

195

Official Position of the Military TBI Task Force on the Role of Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology in the Evaluation, Management, and Research of Military Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Position Statement is a summary of the literature and learning regarding current issues raised by the occurrence, treatment, and study of traumatic brain injury in military service members and veterans. The Report has been approved by the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology (AACN), Divisions 40 (Neuropsychology) and 22 (Rehabilitation Psychology) of the American Psychological Association (APA), and the National

Michael McCrea; Neil Pliskin; Jeffrey Barth; David Cox; Joseph Fink; Louis French; Thomas Hammeke; David Hess; Alan Hopewell; Daniel Orme; Matthew Powell; Ron Ruff; Barbara Schrock; Lori Terryberry-Spohr; Rodney Vanderploeg; Ruth Yoash-Gantz

2008-01-01

196

From market globalism to imperial globalism: Ideology and american power after 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

As capitalist liberalism reinvented itself in the last two decades, it drew largely on the ideas of nineteenth-century free-market philosophers. The Anglo-American framers of globalism spoke softly and persuasively as they sought to attract people worldwide to their vision of globalization as a leaderless, inevitable juggernaut that would ultimately engulf the entire world and produce democracy and material benefits for

Manfred B. Steger

2005-01-01

197

Menthol cigarette pricing at military and community retail outlets in the United States  

PubMed Central

Background Cigarette prices at military exchanges historically have been discounted. DoD Instruction 1330.9 has mandated that prices be within 5% of the price offered in the local community since 2001. Because minorities are highly represented in the military, we determined whether menthol cigarette prices, the leading choice of African Americans, were compliant with the instruction. Methods We collected, via telephone, menthol cigarette price data from 48 randomly selected US military installation exchanges and matched local area Walmarts. We collected prices after taxes to determine the cost to consumer. Newport was selected as the index brand for menthol cigarettes because it is the leading and second leading brand smoked by African Americans and by Hispanics, respectively and has the second overall highest market share in the US. Results Smokers purchasing menthols at exchanges would realize average savings of 22.78%. There were no significant differences in savings based on military service (F?=?1.850, p?=?0.152) or US Census Division (F?=?1.226, p?=?0.311: data not shown). In addition, not a single exchange price was compliant with the DoD instruction. Conclusions Newport menthol cigarettes at military exchanges cost substantially less than the nearest Walmart, with an average savings of 23%. Our findings demonstrate that menthol cigarettes are substantially discounted on military installations, in a manner similar to other cigarette prices, and that DoD Instruction 1330.09 is not enforced. PMID:22938755

2012-01-01

198

Pilot Study to determine interest of adult civilian dependants of active duty military personnel in participation in a weight control program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Adult civilian dependents of active duty military personnel (ADMP) may play a central role in influencing the home food environment and the risk of overweight and obesity in American Warfighters and military families. However, there is no information on whether this group would be receptive to weigh...

199

Future conflict and military doctrine  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major tasks of the new appointment of Director General Land Warfare is that of producing an authoritative, coherent military doctrine for all levels of the army for every type of conflict. But before this can be done the nature of doctrine itself must be understood and defined, as well as the contingencies for which it is planned.

M. A. Willcocks

1994-01-01

200

Electronics - Key military 'force multiplier'  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that one of the most significant roles of advanced electronics in the national defense system is in multiplication of the combat effectiveness of weapon systems, maximizing the capabilities of less sophisticated and less costly systems. Military applications of three rapidly developing electronic technologies - electro-optics, radio frequency and microwaves, and computers - are discussed. Among the areas

M. R. Currie

1976-01-01

201

The Caltech Political Military Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

Munger, E. S.; And Others

202

MILITARY LEAVE WORKSHEET PERSONAL INFORMATION  

E-print Network

will not be credited any sick nor family and personal leave while I am on leave without pay. I want to retain all my sick and family and personal leave balance. I know my balances lapse on January 9th each year. I want to use all my family and personal leave balance before going on military leave without pay. I know I may

Swaddle, John

203

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes  

E-print Network

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb, in a censored version. On August 11, 1945, five days after the Allies dropped the first nuclear bomb on Japan physics and the history of radioactivity; a chronicle of the efforts to break down the atom by bombardment

Landweber, Laura

204

Military Education: Models from Antiquity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike Westerners today, the Greeks and Romans put military training at the heart of their educational system. Examining the ancients' preoccupation with the inculcation of soldierly skills and disciplines, Professor Strauss asks whether we can find profit in their example. (Contains 7 footnotes.)

Strauss, Barry

2008-01-01

205

Military Deployments: Evaluating Teacher Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed method study examined the possible influence of a military deployment online tutorial on teacher knowledge. DoDEA and public school teachers were the two groups used for the study. From this exploratory study, the researcher also wanted to explore if teachers would find professional development provided in an online tutorial relevant…

Thomas, Richard M.

2011-01-01

206

Supporting Students from Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last decade, more than 800,000 parents of school-age children have been deployed by the U.S. military. Many have deployed more than once and for extended periods, often longer than a year. As a result, increasing numbers of students experience significant distress on a daily basis and are at increased risk for behavioral problems, decreased…

Rossen, Eric; Carter, Courtney D.

2012-01-01

207

Indoor Geolocation for Military Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indoor geolocation is subject to much more stringent constraints for military applications than for commercial applications. The principal constraints that must be assumed are the absence of a map of the interior of the building, reference points inside the building, and any a priori information or data. The global positioning system (GPS), although potentially invaluable, must be assumed to be

Don Torrieri; Kesh Bakhru

2007-01-01

208

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

209

Do black-white racial disparities in breastfeeding persist in the military community?  

PubMed

We conduct a comparative analysis of breastfeeding behavior between military and civilian-affiliated mothers. Our focus is on African American mothers among whom breastfeeding rates are lowest. The military context may mitigate conditions associated with low breastfeeding prevalence by (a) providing stable employment and educational opportunities to populations who face an otherwise poor labor market and (b) providing universal healthcare that includes breastfeeding consultation. Using pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system (PRAMS) data for which we received special permission from each state to flag military affiliation, we analyze civilians and military affiliate in breastfeeding initiation using logistic regression and breastfeeding duration using Cox proportional hazard analysis. We find that breastfeeding is more prevalent among all women in the military setting and that the black-white gap in breastfeeding duration common among civilians is significantly reduced among military affiliates. Breastfeeding is a crucial component of maternal and child health and eliminating racial disparities in its prevalence is a public health priority. This study is the first to identify the military as an important institutional context that deserves closer examination to glean potential policy implications for civilian society. PMID:24894729

Lundquist, Jennifer; Xu, Zhun; Barfield, Wanda; Elo, Irma

2015-02-01

210

Death and Doctrine: U.S. Army Officers' Perceptions of American Casualty Aversion, 1970-1999  

E-print Network

of force protection as a mission equal to any in a given operation. American officers perceived that their political and military leadership had first grown wary of spending American lives and gradually came to view casualties as synonymous with defeat...

Johnson, Daniel I.

2011-08-08

211

Obesity and the US Military Family  

PubMed Central

Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family–several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations. PMID:23836452

Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R.; Cohen, L. Adelyn; Mackey, Eleanor R.; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L.; McCreight, Sarah J.; Bryant, Edny J.; Stephens, Mark B.

2014-01-01

212

Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military

Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

2007-01-01

213

Compulsive gambling and the changing military law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military courts have had to face the issue of compulsive gambling in criminal court-martial proceedings. The military recently switched from the liberal ALI definition of insanity to the much more stringent standards of the federal Insanity Defense Reform Act. However, military courts have not even allowed in expert testimony, holding the relevance of compulsive gambling has not been generally accepted

William S. Little; Fred S. Hecker

1988-01-01

214

Spirituality, Religion, and Resilience Among Military Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

While research on spirituality and religion as it relates to stress, coping, and resilience has increased, little has been focused on military families. The research question that guided this qualitative investigation was, “What is the relationship of spirituality, religion, and family resilience among military spouses?” Seven active duty military couples who had experienced at least one deployment completed a questionnaire

Denise Lynette Hamlin-Glover

2009-01-01

215

Topic Avoidance, Everyday Talk, and Stress in Romantic Military and Non-Military Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships are increasingly impacted by military involvement, necessitating a deeper understanding of communication within these couples. This study examined perceptions of everyday talk, topic avoidance, and stress of participants romantically involved with (a) a military partner (n = 118) or (b) a non-military partner (n = 94). Couple types avoided similar topics, but non-military partners avoided these topics more frequently than military partners. Both

Brandi N. Frisby; Kerry Byrnes; Daniel H. Mansson; Melanie Booth-Butterfield; Meagan K. Birmingham

2011-01-01

216

The Web of science : power structure research of the American stem cell industry  

E-print Network

This thesis reviews the developments in the research of business power and social structure, particularly focusing on the phenomena of "inner circle" and "structural hole" and their underlying theories. Through a close ...

Wang, Lisheng, 1977-

2004-01-01

217

Tying the Yellow Ribbon: How School Psychologists and Educators Can Support Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tying a yellow ribbon around the tree in one's front yard or placing a magnet on one's car is more than just a show of support. It is a promise to American military around the world that one is ready and able to support them in their time of need just as they have supported the country. Educators, including school psychologists, are especially…

Anweiler, Justin

2008-01-01

218

Distance Education for Corporate and Military Training. Readings in Distance Education, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, which consists of selected readings from volumes 1-5 of The American Journal of Distance Education, is designed for corporate and military trainers who want research-grounded materials that can be used in programs that train trainers. The 12 articles, whose authors come from the army, navy, and airforce, from universities and…

Moore, Michael G., Ed.

219

Custom avionics-grade AM LCDs for high performance military and avionics applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

American Panel Corporation in Alpharetta Georgia and LG-Philips-LCD in Seoul South Korea have a strategic alliance for the design and manufacture of custom AMLCD products targeted for the military vehicle and avionics sector. As part of this relationship, new innovations in AMLCD technology specifically aimed at the rugged and avionics applications have been developed and are now brought to the marketplace

Niemczyk, James

2003-09-01

220

American Recovery & Reinvestment Act: Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Packs and Hydrogen Refueling for Lift Trucks  

SciTech Connect

HEB Grocery Company, Inc. (H-E-B) is a privately-held supermarket chain with 310 stores throughout Texas and northern Mexico. H-E-B converted 14 of its lift reach trucks to fuel cell power using Nuvera Fuel Cells’ PowerEdge™ units to verify the value proposition and environmental benefits associated with the technology. Issues associated with the increasing power requirements of the distribution center operation, along with high ambient temperature in the summer and other operating conditions (such as air quality and floor surface condition), surfaced opportunities for improving Nuvera’s PowerEdge fuel cell system design in high-throughput forklift environments. The project included on-site generation of hydrogen from a steam methane reformer, called PowerTap™ manufactured by Nuvera. The hydrogen was generated, compressed and stored in equipment located outside H-E-B’s facility, and provided to the forklifts by hydrogen dispensers located in high forklift traffic areas. The PowerEdge fuel cell units logged over 25,300 operating hours over the course of the two-year project period. The PowerTap hydrogen generator produced more than 11,100 kg of hydrogen over the same period. Hydrogen availability at the pump was 99.9%. H-E-B management has determined that fuel cell forklifts help alleviate several issues in its distribution centers, including truck operator downtime associated with battery changing, truck and battery maintenance costs, and reduction of grid electricity usage. Data collected from this initial installation demonstrated a 10% productivity improvement, which enabled H-E-B to make economic decisions on expanding the fleet of PowerEdge and PowerTap units in the fleet, which it plans to undertake upon successful demonstration of the new PowerEdge reach truck product. H-E-B has also expressed interst in other uses of hydrogen produced on site in the future, such as for APUs used in tractor trailers and refrigerated transport trucks in its fleet.

Block, Gus

2011-07-31

221

The effects of varying meteorological conditions on power production at a central North American wind farm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind energy is playing an increasing role around the world in providing power to electrical grids. It is important to both the provider and consumer of wind energy to maximize power generation yields. One way to improve these yields is to have a more complete understanding of meteorological conditions at wind farms. This study contains an analysis of farm yields compared to atmospheric conditions in order to quantify the effect that atmospheric stability can have on power generation from wind. For three months, meteorological data were recorded by ten stations as well as a radar wind profiler at a wind farm in the Plains of Central North America. From these data, two measures of atmospheric characteristics are calculated: the bulk Richardson number and a power law exponent (?) for wind variation with height. Stable, neutral, and convective stability classes are defined, and power curves are generated based on these chosen classes. At this farm, convective conditions provide better yields for low wind speeds below 8m/s, while neutral and stable conditions provide better yields above that threshold. Cases in which low yields were found correlate well with ?: higher values, and thus higher shear, lead to lower power generation. This correlation is the opposite from those seen in a West Coast North America wind farm (Wharton and Lundquist, 2010). We surmise that the Plains site is influenced by nocturnal Low Level Jets which induce elevated levels of turbulence and could decrease power performance at the wind farm. An investigation of wind profiles with height at the site confirmed the presence of these jets during many of the times featuring low yields.

Vanderwende, B. J.; Lundquist, J. K.

2010-12-01

222

The Roman Military Sites of Britain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peter Green, a military history enthusiast, has created The Roman Military Sites of Britain to provide location information and background material on the history of the Roman Army's occupation of Britain. This handsome site contains five gazetteers, organized by region, which summarize important Roman military sites and link to detailed maps. A collection of contemporary photographs provides visitors with a view of the physical surroundings of the sites. In addition to the historic geographic information, this site also introduces the organization of the Roman Army from the first century to the fifth century, explains Roman military terms and unit names, describes typical Roman military sites, and summarizes major military events in Britain during the Roman occupation. For visitors who desire more information, Green supplies a general reading list about the history of Britain and its relation to the Roman army as well as an extensive Roman military bibliography of Britain.

223

AmericanRadioWorks: Power and Smoke: A Nation Built on Coal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States gets over half of its electricity from burning coal, and this tremendously important resource remains one of the nation's greatest assets. However, it is not an asset without problems, as the burning of coal has brought with it tremendous levels of air pollution and other problems. This latest radio documentary from the American RadioWorks group was produced by Catherine Winter, and it explores various aspects of coal production in the United States. The program also offers some historical perspective on the subject. The program can be listened to in its entirety here, or visitors can also download it for their own use. Along the way, visitors will hear from environmental history professor Joel Tarr, museum director Anne Madarasz, and smog museum director Don Pavelko.

224

An analysis of messages about tobacco in the Military Times magazines.  

PubMed

The Military Times magazines are seen as an independent source of news and information on the military and are widely read by military members. Given the influence of Military Times as a powerful media outlet within the military and marketing to military personnel by the tobacco industry, we examined tobacco messages and advertisements in a one-year sample from each service. No advertisements for cigarettes or other forms of smoked tobacco were found in any issue published in 2005. However, smokeless tobacco products were advertised frequently, with 11 distinct ads occurring in 105 ad placements. During the year targeted in the present study, smokeless tobacco advertising generated approximately US$564,249 in revenue for the publishers of Military Times. A content analysis suggested that the advertisements intended to pair smokeless tobacco use with a pleasant mood and enjoyable events not directly associated with the product itself. In addition, magazine articles about anti-tobacco topics received among the lowest amount of coverage among all pro-health articles. These findings may partially explain the recent significant increase in smokeless tobacco use among military personnel. PMID:18629729

Haddock, C Keith; Hoffman, Kevin; Taylor, Jennifer E; Schwab, Lisa; Poston, Walker S C; Lando, Harry A

2008-07-01

225

Arab Americans: Into the Multicultural Mainstream  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Long-standing anti-Arab racism in the U.S. has worsened in recent decades, fueled by U.S. military involvement in the Middle East and by the September 11 attack on the U.S. Arab American and Muslim children have been the targets of misunderstanding and discrimination. Following a historical introduction, discrimination against Arab American and…

Wingfield, Marvin

2006-01-01

226

DOD Dictionary of Military Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Defense Defense Technical Information Center provides this handy dictionary, derived from Joint Publication 1-02, "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Users can browse the dictionary alphabetically or search it. Definitions are terse but clear. Cross references are provided but, unfortunately, not hyperlinked at this time. The dictionary also contains both terms and acronyms & abbreviations. The latter two can be browsed or searched separately from a link on the dictionary page.

Defense Technical Information Center (U.S.)

227

Careers in a Military Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This powerpoint presentation file on "Being a Physiologist in a Military Lab or How I Found My Ideal Job in the Most Unlikely of Places " is part of the EB 2010 Careers Symposium - Government Careers in Physiology Revealed. The target audience is students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as early career and established investigators seeking information on job opportunities and career development processes in the government.

Kathy Ryan (United States Army Institute of Surgical Research)

2010-04-25

228

Careers in a Military Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recorded presentation on "Being a Physiologist in a Military Lab or How I Found My Ideal Job in the Most Unlikely of Places " is part of the EB 2010 Careers Symposium - Government Careers in Physiology Revealed. The target audience is students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as early career and established investigators seeking information on job opportunities and career development processes in the government.

Kathy Ryan (United States Army Institute of Surgical Research)

2010-04-25

229

How Resilient Are Military Expenditures?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in military expenditure as a share of gross domestic product (MIL\\/GDP) and of total expenditure (MIL\\/EX) during IMF-supported programs are examined for two subsamples, broadly divided according to fiscal tightening and fiscal accommodation. Under fiscal tightening, the evidence suggests that MIL\\/GDP decreases during Fund-supported programs, but that MIL\\/EX increases, revealing resilience to budgetary adjustments. Under fiscal accommodation, as total

Paula De Masi; Henri Lorie

1989-01-01

230

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Small Satellite LEO Maneuvers with Low-Power Electric  

E-print Network

-Power Electric Propulsion Scott T. King1 and Mitchell L. R. Walker2 Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta studies, Oh investigated the use of various solar electric propulsion technologies for interplanetary propulsion currently provides the means for near-Earth satellite orbit maneuvers. As electric propulsion (EP

Walker, Mitchell

231

Senates, Unions, and the Flow of Power in American Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal survey research permits examination of the influence profiles of free-standing faculty senates and coexisting senates and faculty unions on U.S. college campuses. The forces prompting flow of power away from faculty deliberative bodies are discussed and the future of senates in hard times is examined. (MSE)

Kemerer, Frank R.

1983-01-01

232

Student-Powered Science: Science Education for and by African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A liberatory pedagogy, from a Freirean perspective, seeks to transform the classroom into a dialogic and student-powered learning environment by restructuring the student-teacher dichotomy. The purpose is change--not only to individual students' lives and opportunities but also to the wider social reality. While these are the goals of many science…

Seiler, Gale; Gonsalves, Allison

2010-01-01

233

Native American Politics: Power Relationships in the Western Great Basin Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for a symposium presented September 1972 at the Great Basin Anthropological Conference (Salt Lake City) these papers represent political and ethnological research on western Great Basin Indians. The topics include (1) "Developing Political Power in Two Southern Paiute Communities", (2) "Channels of Political Expression among the Western…

Houghton, Ruth M., Ed.

234

The President's Constitutional Authority to Conduct Military Operations Against Terrorist Organizations and the Nations that Harbor or Support Them  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001 raised important questions concerning the President's authority to take military action in response. Although Congress acted promptly to pass legislation authorizing the President to take military action against the terrorists and those linked to them, we argue that the President has broad constitutional power, even without such legislation, to

John C. Yoo; Robert J. Delahunty

2002-01-01

235

Study of small civil turbofan engines applicable to military trainer airplanes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Small turbofan engine design concepts were applied to military trainer airplanes to establish the potential for commonality between civil and military engines. Several trainer configurations were defined and studied. A ""best'' engine was defined for the trainer mission, and sensitivity analyses were performed to determine the effects on airplane size and efficiency of wing loading, power loading, configuration, aerodynamic quality, and engine quality. It is concluded that a small civil aircraft is applicable to military trainer airplanes. Aircraft designed with these engines are smaller, less costly, and more efficient than existing trainer aircraft.

Heldenbrand, R. W.; Merrill, G. L.; Burnett, G. A.

1975-01-01

236

Unlocking insights about military children and families.  

PubMed

As this issue of the Future of Children makes clear, we have much yet to learn about military children and their families. A big part of the reason, write Anita Chandra and Andrew London, is that we lack sufficiently robust sources of data. Until we collect more and better data about military families, Chandra and London say, we will not be able to study the breadth of their experiences and sources of resilience, distinguish among subgroups within the diverse military community, or compare military children with their civilian counterparts. After surveying the available sources of data and explaining what they are lacking and why, Chandra and London make several recommendations. First, they say, major longitudinal national surveys, as well as administrative data systems (for example, in health care and in schools), should routinely ask about children's connections to the military, so that military families can be flagged in statistical analyses. Second, questions on national surveys and psychological assessments should be formulated and calibrated for military children to be certain that they resonate with military culture. Third, researchers who study military children should consider adopting a life-course perspective, examining children from birth to adulthood as they and their families move through the transitions of military life and into or out of the civilian world. PMID:25518698

Chandra, Anita; London, Andrew S

2013-01-01

237

Family issues associated with military deployment, family violence, and military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Today's military has a greater percentage of families and children in comparison with previous generations. There are many, and unique, demands on military families made by the ongoing conflicts, and military life can be stressful. The presence of an increasing number of stressors is associated with an increased likelihood of domestic violence in military families and sexual trauma in service members. In this article, literature and research are presented to provide an overview of military deployment and families, and the effect of deployment on families; this is followed by a review of research on family violence and military sexual trauma. PMID:22055902

Fraser, Cira

2011-12-01

238

A liquid over-feeding military air conditioner  

SciTech Connect

A 3-ton military air conditioning unit has been experimentally studied for baseline and liquid over-feeding operation (LOF). The test results indicate that LOF outperforms the baseline case over a wide ambient temperature range in terms of cooling capacity, power consumption, and system coefficient of performance (COP). At 95 F test point, the COP improvement for LOF is 19.8% over that of the baseline case. However, optimal refrigerant charge is essential for LOF to work properly.

Mei, V.C.; Chen, F.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bolton, C. [Army CECOM Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Fort Belvoir, VA (United States)

1995-09-01

239

Japanese power electronics inverter technology and its impact on the American air conditioning industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1983, technological advances and market growth of inverter-driven variable-speed heat pumps in Japan have been dramatic. The high level of market penetration was promoted by a combination of political, economic, and trade policies in Japan. A unique environment was created in which the leading domestic industries, microprocessor manufacturing, compressors for air conditioning and refrigerators, and power electronic devices, were able to direct the development and market success of inverter-driven heat pumps. As a result, leading U.S. variable-speed heat pump manufacturers should expect a challenge from the Japanese producers of power devices and microprocessors. Because of the vertically-integrated production structure in Japan, in contrast to the out-sourcing culture of the United States, price competition at the component level (such as inverters, sensors, and controls) may impact the structure of the industry more severely than final product sales.

Ushimaru, Kenji

1990-08-01

240

Japanese power electronics inverter technology and its impact on the American air conditioning industry  

SciTech Connect

Since 1983, technological advances and market growth of inverter- driven variable-speed heat pumps in Japan have been dramatic. The high level of market penetration was promoted by a combination of political, economic, and trade policies in Japan. A unique environment was created in which the leading domestic industries-- microprocessor manufacturing, compressors for air conditioning and refrigerators, and power electronic devices--were able to direct the development and market success of inverter-driven heat pumps. As a result, leading US variable-speed heat pump manufacturers should expect a challenge from the Japanese producers of power devices and microprocessors. Because of the vertically-integrated production structure in Japan, in contrast to the out-sourcing culture of the United States, price competition at the component level (such as inverters, sensors, and controls) may impact the structure of the industry more severely than final product sales. 54 refs., 47 figs., 1 tab.

Ushimaru, Kenji.

1990-08-01

241

CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000  

E-print Network

Previous studies of civil-military gap have argued that the difference in values, perspectives, and opinions between civilians and the military matters because it determines military effectiveness, but empirical analyses ...

Lee, Byeonggu

2010-01-01

242

Th' invisible artilery: military images in the poems of Andrew Marvell  

E-print Network

the Kingdome old Into another Mold. (11. 33-36) Cromwell it is that will carry England into a new political and military era. He will, as stated in lines 45-56, fight the throne and the monarchy. After ascending to the Protectorate, Cromwell intends... into the military images of his poems. Oliver Cromwell's powerful statement sent forceful impressions of a new political revolution. Andrew Plarvell recorded Cromwell's sentiments in his mil- itary imagery. Andrew ". 1arvell's formally documented relationships...

Gagnon, George Robert

1985-01-01

243

AMERICAN FRONTIERS: CRITICAL HISTORIES WINTER 2006 SYLLABUS  

E-print Network

of American understanding and influenced several generations of American historians. Now, Native Americans and the colonizer, and focusing on culture, land and gender, we will examine the role of power and power relations, African Americans, Latinos and Asians; federal Indian policy and Native American experience in the West

244

76 FR 25517 - Jewish American Heritage Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...creativity, and hearts to the greater good--contributing scientific accomplishments, pioneering works of literature and musical genius, and performing distinguished service in our Nation's military. Jewish Americans have defended our country since the...

2011-05-05

245

The Myth of Writer's Block: Imagining American Moral Realism  

E-print Network

element as essential as the craft of novel- writing itself.essential feature of Disorder of Written Expression is writingwritings. Roth evaded direct exposure to the European war and American military service as an essential

Moore, Kevin Christopher

2013-01-01

246

Pulsed power  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pulsed power systems are critical elements for such prospective weapons technologies as high-power microwaves, electrothermal and electromagnetic projectile launchers, neutral particle beams, space-based FELs, ground-based lasers, and charged particle beams. Pulsed power will also be essential for the development of nonweapon military systems such as lidars and ultrawideband radars, and could serve as the bases for nuclear weapon effect simulators. The pulsed power generation requirements for each of these systems is considered.

Stone, David H.

247

Introduction to Military Medicine: A Brief Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military medicine encompasses the entire spectrum of health caredfrom prenatal to end-of-life care. World-class, cutting-edge research, equipment, facilities, and education are all part of the military health care system of the United States of America. What makes United States military medicine unique, however, is the ability to project and sustain this care to soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines in virtually

Stephen P. Hetz

2006-01-01

248

Research on 6R Military Logistics Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

249

Military display market segment: helicopters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of one of its segments: helicopter displays. Parameters requiring special consideration, to include luminance ranges, contrast ratio, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are examined. Performance requirements for rotary-wing displays relative to several premier applications are summarized. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DoD applications across 10 or more platforms, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area sizes across helicopter platforms, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or greater, is illustrated. Rotary-wing displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus Rugged commercial, versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military helicopter programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. The military display market study is summarized with breakouts for the helicopter market segment. Our defense-wide study as of March 2004 has documented 1,015,494 direct view and virtual image displays distributed across 1,181 display sizes and 503 weapon systems. Helicopter displays account for 67,472 displays (just 6.6% of DoD total) and comprise 83 sizes (7.0% of total DoD) in 76 platforms (15.1% of total DoD). Some 47.6% of these rotary-wing applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, as per fixed-wing aircraft, the predominant instantiation involves higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

2004-09-01

250

Military Bases and Conservation Markets  

SciTech Connect

Over time, DoD is likely to be one of the largest buyers and sellers in a water quality trading market. The Department of Defense (DoD) operates military bases that resemble small cities in infrastructure. As units redeploy, bases are likely to find themselves well within their environmental limits at the originating base and potentially bumping against limits such as nitrate and phosphate loading at the destination base. Stricter rules and heavier loadings in growing watersheds also present challenges to local bases and municipalities as regulators clamp down on loadings from existing Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) to meet water quality standards.

Mark Ankeny

2007-09-01

251

The Recipe for Being a Good Military Wife: How Military Wives Managed OIF\\/OEF Deployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interviews with 25 military wives to elicit their lived experience of Operation Iraqi Freedom\\/Operation Enduring Freedom deployment found two main themes: the recipe for being a good military wife and managing split loyalties. Military wives' experience reflected a disenfranchised existence. Their stress was exacerbated by the reality of the composition of their marital relationship—a couple–military threesome—that they bore in silence.

C. J. Aducci; Joyce A. Baptist; Jayashree George; Patricia M. Barros; Briana S. Nelson Goff

2011-01-01

252

Installation of the first Distributed Energy Storage System (DESS) at American Electric Power (AEP).  

SciTech Connect

AEP studied the direct and indirect benefits, strengths, and weaknesses of distributed energy storage systems (DESS) and chose to transform its entire utility grid into a system that achieves optimal integration of both central and distributed energy assets. To that end, AEP installed the first NAS battery-based, energy storage system in North America. After one year of operation and testing, AEP has concluded that, although the initial costs of DESS are greater than conventional power solutions, the net benefits justify the AEP decision to create a grid of DESS with intelligent monitoring, communications, and control, in order to enable the utility grid of the future. This report details the site selection, construction, benefits and lessons learned of the first installation, at Chemical Station in North Charleston, WV.

Nourai, Ali (American Electric Power Company, Columbus, OH)

2007-06-01

253

Thank You for Your Service: Military Initiatives on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military students and their dependents arrive on college campuses with a diverse array of academic goals and support needs. A military friendly college understands that military students are transitioning from the professional military environment to the workforce, and academic work is part of that transition. A military friendly college is not…

Wilson, Kristin Bailey

2014-01-01

254

Arms and the University: Military Presence and the Civic Education of Non-Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alienation between the U.S. military and society has grown in recent decades. Such alienation is unhealthy, as it threatens both sufficient civilian control of the military and the long-standing ideal of the "citizen soldier." Nowhere is this issue more predominant than at many major universities, which began turning their backs on the military

Downs, Donald Alexander; Murtazashvili, Ilia

2012-01-01

255

Estimating the Labor Market Impact of Voluntary Military Service Using Social Security Data on Military Applicants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses Social Security data on the earnings of military applicants to the all-volunteer forces to compare the earnings of Armed Forces veterans with the earnings of military applicants who did not enlist. Matching, regression, and Instrumental Variables (IV) estimates are presented. The matching and regression estimates control for most of the characteristics used by the military to select

Joshua D. Angrist

1995-01-01

256

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on “wounded warriors,” most military undergraduates are not physically or psychologically disabled and can be stigmatized by the

Ted C. Bonar; Paula L. Domenici

2011-01-01

257

forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1500 April 2001 Edited. Zeidler CEMML TPS 01-8 Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands Colorado State UniversityTHECENTER CEMML TPS 01-8 forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL

258

Aerobic power, huddling and the efficiency of torpor in the South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides  

PubMed Central

Summary During periods of cold, small endotherms depend on a continuous supply of food and energy to maintain euthermic body temperature (Tb), which can be challenging if food is limited. In these conditions, energy-saving strategies are critical to reduce the energetic requirements for survival. Mammals from temperate regions show a wide arrange of such strategies, including torpor and huddling. Here we provide a quantitative description of thermoregulatory capacities and energy-saving strategies in Dromiciops gliroides, a Microbiotherid marsupial inhabiting temperate rain forests. Unlike many mammals from temperate regions, preliminary studies have suggested that this species has low capacity for control and regulation of body temperature, but there is still an incomplete picture of its bioenergetics. In order to more fully understand the physiological capacities of this “living fossil”, we measured its scope of aerobic power and the interaction between huddling and torpor. Specifically, we evaluated: (1) the relation between basal (BMR) and maximum metabolic rate (MMR), and (2) the role of huddling on the characteristics of torpor at different temperatures. We found that BMR and MMR were above the expected values for marsupials and the factorial aerobic scope (from CO2) was 6.0±0.45 (using CO2) and 6.2±0.23 (using O2), an unusually low value for mammals. Also, repeatability of physiological variables was non-significant, as in previous studies, suggesting poor time-consistency of energy metabolism. Comparisons of energy expenditure and body temperature (using attached data-loggers) between grouped and isolated individuals showed that at 20°C both average resting metabolic rate and body temperature were higher in groups, essentially because animals remained non-torpid. At 10°C, however, all individuals became torpid and no differences were observed between grouped and isolated individuals. In summary, our study suggests that the main response of Dromiciops gliroides to low ambient temperature is reduced body temperature and torpor, irrespective of huddling. Low aerobic power and low time-consistency of most thermoregulatory traits of Dromiciops gliroides support the idea of poor thermoregulatory abilities in this species. PMID:23259051

Franco, Marcela; Contreras, Carolina; Cortés, Pablo; Chappell, Mark A.; Soto-Gamboa, Mauricio; Nespolo, Roberto F.

2012-01-01

259

The demographics of military children and families.  

PubMed

Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic research, Molly Clever and David R. Segal find several trends that distinguish today's military families. Compared with civilians, for example, service members marry younger and start families earlier. Because of the requirements of their jobs, they move much more frequently than civilians do, and they are often separated from their families for months at a time. And despite steady increases since the 1970s in the percentage of women who serve, the armed forces are still overwhelmingly male, meaning that the majority of military parents are fathers. Despite these distinguishing trends, Clever and Segal's chief finding is that military families cannot be neatly pigeonholed. Instead, they are a strikingly diverse population with diverse needs. Within the military, demographic groups differ in important ways, and the service branches differ from one another as well. Military families themselves come in many forms, including not only the categories familiar from civilian life--two-parent, single-parent, and so on--but also, unique to the military, dual-service families in which both parents are service members. Moreover, military families' needs change over time as they move through personal and military transitions. Thus the best policies and programs to help military families and children are flexible and adaptable rather than rigidly structured. PMID:25518690

Clever, Molly; Segal, David R

2013-01-01

260

Assessing the American Power Act: The Economic, Employment, Energy Security, and Environmental Impact of Senator Kerry and Senator Lieberman's Discussion Draft  

Microsoft Academic Search

On May 12, 2010, Senators John Kerry (D-MA) and Joseph Lieberman (I-CT) released details of their proposed American Power Act, a comprehensive energy and climate change bill developed over the preceding nine months by the two senators, chairmen of the Senate Foreign Relations and Homeland Security Committees respectively, along with Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC).1 With US unemployment just below 10

Trevor Houser; Shashank Mohan; Ian Hoffman

2010-01-01

261

Questioning power structures and competitiveness in pedagogy insights from North American Indian and Philippine pedagogies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper begins with case studies of innovative approaches to the education of Aboriginal Canadian Peoples and Philippine Aboriginal Peoples. These illustrate that, in such situations, where more traditional approaches have little success, the power to design, implement and evaluate educational programs can beneficially be shared between teacher and learner. Learners co-operate with each other in deciding what they need to learn. They examine their own needs and issues and assess their learning in terms of their cultural, economic and community value systems. Leadership is shared with the teacher/facilitators and word, image, number, gesture and sound are all employed to acquire knowledge and to demonstrate what that knowledge means to the group. In this particular enterprise, popular theatre has a major role to play in democratizing the provision of education and in encouraging educational development in circumstances where other approaches have been ineffectual. In the latter part of the paper, a model of education implied by the case studies is constructed and examined to provide alternatives to the traditional views of epistemology, of ethics and of pedagogy based on a notion of democracy as a daily struggle.

Bramwell, Roberta; Foreman, Kathleen

1993-11-01

262

The effects of alcohol, relationship power, and partner type on perceived difficulty implementing condom use among african american adults: an experimental study.  

PubMed

African American adults are disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States, underscoring the need for additional research on barriers to condom use. Guided by the theory of gender and power, this experimental study used a series of vignettes to test causal hypotheses regarding the influence of event-level alcohol use (present and absent), partner type (serious and casual), and relationship power (low and equal) on perceived difficulty implementing condom use. A total of 299 (151 women and 148 men) heterosexual African American adults indicated how "difficult" it would be to use a condom after reading 8 hypothetical sexual encounters, presented in a random order. A 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 repeated measures analysis of covariance with one between subjects factor (gender) and one covariate (condom use self-efficacy) was used to estimate the effects of these variables on an index of perceived difficulty. The women in the study reported significantly higher ratings of difficulty implementing condom use in vignettes characterized by low relationship power (p < .001) and presence of alcohol use (p < .001); the manipulated independent variables did not produce any main effects for men. Both men and women's ratings of perceived difficulty decreased as condom use self-efficacy increased (p < .001). This is the first study to use an experimental methodology to test hypotheses about barriers to condom use among a community-based sample of African American adults. These data can be used to enhance existing HIV prevention interventions. PMID:25277692

Woolf-King, Sarah E; Maisto, Stephen A

2015-04-01

263

Handling Qualities Specifications for U.S. Military Helicopters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Inadequacies in the military specification for helicopter handling qualities, MIL-H-8501A, have long been recognized, and the latest procurements by the U.S. Army used special Prime Item Development Specifications (PIDS). This paper assesses the efficacy of these PIDS and suggests that changes should be made. In particular, the structure developed in MIL-F-8785B (ASG) (the specification for flying qualities of piloted airplanes) should be incorporated. Improved requirements must be based on a systematic data base and concentrated on topics most important in preliminary design: static and dynamic stability, control power and sensitivity, and interaction with controllers and displays. Emphasis should be on current military helicopter missions and helicopter idiosyncrasies such as cross-coupling, nonlinearities, and higher-order dynamics.

Key, David L.

1982-01-01

264

AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES & ETHNICITYETHNICITYETHNICITY  

E-print Network

AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES & ETHNICITYETHNICITYETHNICITY This major, and social issues of the Western United States. It covers critical perspectives on regional, ethnic, class: Introduction to American Studies and Ethnicity -- Introduction to American studies and ethnic studies. Provides

Krylov, Anna I.

265

NAPS 2003, 35th North American Power Symposium, University of Missouri-Rolla in Rolla, Missouri, October 20-21, 2003. pp. 559-566. Abstract--Security of supply has been always a key factor  

E-print Network

NAPS 2003, 35th North American Power Symposium, University of Missouri-Rolla in Rolla, Missouri with University of Wisconsin Madison (dwatts@wisc.edu) as a Graduate Student. transmission, distribution

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

266

Military Training: Potential Roles for Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines potential roles vocational education could play to assist the military in meeting its training responsibilities within the context of three major military and training issues: survival of the All Volunteer Force, use of the Total Force Management concept, and demands of high technology. Discussion is divided into three…

Ruff, Richard R.; And Others

267

Fiber system for the military environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military telecommunications applications and specialized military applications of guided wave optics are discussed. Examples include long-haul time-domain multiplexers for tactical command control and communications, detector devices for plasma diagnostics and nuclear testing applications, fiber-guided weapons systems, fiber-optic interferometric hydrophones, and integrated-optic spectrum analyzers.

M. K. Barnoski

1980-01-01

268

Unlocking Insights about Military Children and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As this issue of the "Future of Children" makes clear, there is much yet to learn about military children and their families. A big part of the reason, write Anita Chandra and Andrew London, is the lack of sufficiently robust sources of data. Until more and better data are collected about military families, Chandra and London say, it…

Chandra, Anita; London, Andrew S.

2013-01-01

269

Teaching Machines in the Modern Military Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide an overview of the possible impact of teaching machines on military training, several strategies were pursued: (1) several teaching machines were described; (2) the techniques of Pressey, Skinner, Crowder, and Pask were examined; (3) relevant research projects were reviewed; (4) appropriate military uses were suggested; and (5) methods…

Eckstrand, Gordon A.; And Others

270

Partnerships with Business, Industry, and the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workforce Education and Development Off-Campus Degree Program of Southern Illinois University-Carbondale allows military and civilian students to complete bachelor of science degrees in education with a major in work force education and development at 1 civilian site and 16 military bases throughout the United States. Approximately 1,000…

Hall, Shirley L.

271

Applied Knowledge Analytics for Military Experimentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge analytics addresses processes for the analysis of integrated quantitative data and qualitative information, within structured and unstructured media. A military experimentation knowledge analytics system and processing methodology is advanced as an instance of knowledge analytics. The referenced knowledge system was developed to analyze new information and communication technologies and supporting organizational processes. In military experimentation the knowledge is developed

R. William Maule; Gordon Schacher; Shelley P. Gallup; Bryan Mcclain

2004-01-01

272

Veterans' Education extension.uci.edu/military  

E-print Network

Veterans' Education Benefits extension.uci.edu/military UC Irvine Extension Welcomes Veterans! We you get the most out of your veterans' educational benefits and to make a successful transition for military veterans · Dedicated support staff to assist you through every stage of your education experience

Loudon, Catherine

273

Cyber Forensics: A Military Operations Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some of the unique military requirements and challenges in Cyber Forensics. A definition of Cyber Forensics is presented in a military context. Capabilities needed to perform cyber forensic analysis in a networked environment are discussed, along with a list of current shortcomings in providing these capabilities and a technology needs list. Finally, it is shown how these

Joseph Giordano; Chester Maciag

2002-01-01

274

Reforming the Military Health Care System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Serious problems beset the military's extensive system of health care: rising budgetary costs, dissatisfaction among its beneficiaries, and inadequate readiness for war. This report was written at the request of the House Committee on Armed Services to examine some of these issues. It looks at a range of possible reforms in the military health…

Slackman, Joel

275

Equipment MIS in military industrial enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of the information society, information technology is widely used in many fields. Especially in the military field, it has become a key factor in deciding the result of a war. The information system for equipment management in a military industrial enterprise is a specific application of the computer in equipment management. The paper, based on the requirement

Chen Jichun; Yin Haiping; Jiang Xuying

2000-01-01

276

LOCATIONS OF MILITARY WASTE SITES IN ALASKA  

EPA Science Inventory

This map shows locations of contaminated and non-contaminated military waste sites, Alaska Native Villages, Native Corporation boundaries, and Traditional Land-Use areas (Artic Slope region only). The entire state is shown plus identification of all military sites currently being...

277

Military Deployment and Elementary Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact that military deployment has upon academic achievement of elementary school students. TerraNova test scores of 137 fourth and fifth grade students in two elementary schools with a high proportion of military dependent children were examined for two consecutive years. Although the academic test performance fell…

Phelps, Terri; Dunham, Mardis; Lyons, Robert

2010-01-01

278

Effects of military environments on optical adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The military environment imposes harsh conditions on adhesives. These conditions differ both qualitatively and quantitatively from typical civilian environments. Military systems must withstand exposure to moisture, temperature extremes, sunlight\\/ultraviolet radiation and other climatic stresses that are far in excess of what would be expected for commercial applications. Additionally, civilian products rarely consider issues such as fungus susceptibility, resistance to jet

David H. Krevor; Hargovind N. Vazirani; Antai Xu

1993-01-01

279

Filling the security gap: military or police  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adds to the growing body of research that explores which force, military or civilian police, would be the more effective in filling the security gap in a post-conflict environment. The current debate centres on specialised units within the military or paramilitary constabulary forces such as the Gendarmerie or the Carabinieri as being more appropriate than civilian police in

Garth den Heyer

2011-01-01

280

The Demographics of Military Children and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic…

Clever, Molly; Segal, David R.

2013-01-01

281

Engaging Military Partners: Supporting Connections to Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current Overseas Contingency Operation (OCO), families and communities have been impacted by multiple deployments. This is particularly challenging for families that are geographically isolated from military installations and resources typically available near these facilities. Operation Military Kids (OMK) is a national partnership…

Edwards, Harriett C.

2009-01-01

282

Adapting cots games for military simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interactive digital medium of computer games holds promise for application in the realm of military simulation. This paper presents the Defence Science & Technology Agency (DSTA) and Singapore Armed Forces' (SAF) initiative to leverage on commercial computer games for military applications, how several SAF schools have adopted modified commercial games to enhance classroom instruction, and our future plans to

Gwenda Fong

2004-01-01

283

75 FR 3448 - Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission AGENCY: Department...of Defense established the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (hereafter referred...each of whom serves or has served in a leadership position with either a Military...

2010-01-21

284

75 FR 81244 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Military Leadership Diversity Commission Meeting AGENCY...place: 1. Name of Committee: Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC). 2...for the commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to continue...

2010-12-27

285

75 FR 2114 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC); Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC); Meeting...Defense announces that the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC) will meet...for the commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to continue...

2010-01-14

286

32 CFR 644.326 - Army military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Army military real property. 644.326...Status § 644.326 Army military real property. Military real property, including industrial real property, under the control of the Department of the...

2010-07-01

287

32 CFR 637.4 - Military Police and the USACIDC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...personnel, or between military police investigations...commander. (c) The control and processing of...crime scene when the military police have investigative...basis without assuming control of the investigation...either USACIDC or the military police cannot...

2010-07-01

288

22 CFR 120.7 - Significant military equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEFINITIONS § 120.7 Significant military equipment. (a) Significant military equipment means articles for which special export controls are warranted because of their capacity for substantial military utility or capability. (b)...

2010-04-01

289

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2013-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2014-07-01

290

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2011-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2012-07-01

291

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2013-07-01

292

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2011-07-01

293

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6 Section...ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest...

2010-07-01

294

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2013-07-01

295

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2011-07-01

296

76 FR 13100 - Noncompetitive Appointment of Certain Military Spouses  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Noncompetitive Appointment of Certain Military Spouses AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel...further facilitate the entry of these military spouses into the Federal civil service...noncompetitive hiring authority for certain military spouses. Under this hiring...

2011-03-10

297

78 FR 3325 - Appointing Authority for Military Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Secretary 32 CFR Part 18 Appointing Authority for Military Commissions AGENCY: Department of Defense...18 concerning the Appointing Authority for Military Commissions. This rule pertains to a military function of the United States and is...

2013-01-16

298

45 CFR 2532.10 - Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Military Installation Conversion Demonstration... § 2532.10 Military Installation Conversion Demonstration...must contain— (i) A description of the demonstration program...converting an affected military installation, the Corporation will...

2010-10-01

299

The Synergy Model at work in a military ICU in Iraq.  

PubMed

The Synergy Model for Patient Care, developed by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), demonstrates that positive patient outcomes are achieved when patient characteristics are matched with nurse competencies. Through the vivid realities in the daily journal of a military ICU nurse taking care of patients in Iraq, a virtual triad learning experience provided academic, clinical, and personal support. This article describes how effective nursing practice, whether providing direct patient care in the United States or in a military ICU in Iraq, must be centered around the needs and characteristics of patients. Acute and critically ill patients in a military ICU in Iraq have unique needs and require nurses with competent skills to help promote optimal outcomes. PMID:18206581

Freyling, Mary E; Kesten, Karen S; Heath, Janie

2008-03-01

300

The Soviet Far East military buildup: Nuclear dilemmas and Asian security  

SciTech Connect

The growing nuclearization of the Soviet military presence in the Far East has been of increasing concern to the United States and its Asian-Pacific allies. This volume brings together the diverse perspectives of multinational groups of defense and foreign policy experts associated with the Security Conference on Asia and the Pacific. Topics considered include the problems of coalition defense; strategic issues for the Soviet Union; motives and prospects; thinking about the nuclear balance; Soviet military deployments: Implications for China's security; the Soviet military buildup in Japan; theater nuclear weapons and Japan's defense policy; the Soviet military buildup in the Far East and South Korea; ANZAC perspectives on Soviet power in the Pacific; prospects for a new Korean War; Indochina, 1982-1985; links between Asian and European security; The European theater nuclear force; and European and Japanese Experiences.

Solomon, R.H.; Kosaka, M.

1986-01-01

301

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

302

1 American Studies AMERICAN STUDIES  

E-print Network

of the United States in the world. The department is committed to analytical perspectives that integrate a range of disciplinary approaches, including history, literary/cultural studies, political and cultural theory, political questions of race, gender, sexuality, and other forms of power in American life; transnational flows

Vertes, Akos

303

Soviet military doctrine and Western security policy  

SciTech Connect

The late 1970s and early 1980s witnessed an unprecedented polarization of Western political and analytical opinion about the Soviet military and how policy should adapt to the emergence of parity between the superpowers. This study analyzes the roots of this polarization, and brings together for the first time a thorough survey of Western perceptions of Soviet military thought and doctrine, as well as of Soviet perceptions of Western military thought and doctrine. The work demonstrates how both East and West regularly makes judgements on the other's military profile on the basis of political preconceptions about the other's intentions. Western analysis of the Soviet military has not gone much beyond this unfortunate condition because most of the critical questions cannot be answered definitively with existing data and methodology. The study offers an assessment of how analysis of Soviet doctrine can be better factored into Western arms control and force posture planning.

Flynn, G.

1987-01-01

304

[The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital", Russian Ministry of Defence--90 years].  

PubMed

The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital" of the Ministry of Defense undertakes a significant part of the activities of the entire military medical expertise in the Armed Forces. The commission covers the territory of the Central and Volga Federal Districs (19 subordinate entities of the Russian Federation). Currently, the committee consists of three functional departments: recruitment examination and acquisition of military schools, separation of military and military service examination, and examination of the medical department, flight and selection of specialists. A significant component in the military-medical commission is inspection of flight and flight-lift Air Force, for which the commission has a staff department of medical-flight examination, in which medical examination of pilots is carried out (annually--about 500 people). PMID:22558856

Andronenkov, I A; Rybakov, O A; Makhson, I P

2012-02-01

305

[Peninsular War and military health].  

PubMed

The Napoleonic Wars served to consolidate Army Medical Services on a national scale. All major eminent surgeons of the moment, such as Guthrie or Larrey, took part in the fight. Larrey made the revolutionary contribution of developing the "flying ambulances", a completely new concept at the time. Although surgical techniques were already well described at the time, the deficient hemostasis, the unchecked pain, and above all the numerous infections imposed severe limitations. Mortality among the injured reached 33% and the rate of infection was 90%. The Spanish surgical school contributed to military surgery with the practice known as "the Spanish Cure" which was a conservative approach to the treatment of wounds. This approach was later adopted by the army surgeons of the other countries. Deaths by illness were ten times higher than the number of injured. PMID:19505003

Ballesteros Fernández, Alfonso

2008-01-01

306

Clinical toxicology and military application.  

PubMed

The changing operational tempo and types of deployment have, since the end of the Cold War, required a change in CBRN training. The threat from weapons of mass destruction has been replaced with the threat from improvised explosive devices and insurgent attempts to develop asymmetric weapons to target military and civilian populations. In addition exposure to hazardous materials as well as environmental hazards and natural toxins requires a greater awareness of the necessary supportive and definitive management. Developing a cadre of specialists with an interest in toxicology and environmental medicine, within either emergency or acute medicine, would be advantageous to deployed units as well as specialised units, including those tasked in support of UK homeland security. An established pathway for sub-specialisation in clinical toxicology does not yet exist. With the establishment of the College of Emergency Medicine, as well as the Acute Medicine Society and Intensive Care Society further development of clinical toxicology is likely. PMID:17310611

Bland, S A

2006-01-01

307

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District § 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2014-07-01

308

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District § 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2013-07-01

309

War Upon the Map: The Politics of Military User Innovation  

E-print Network

While military personnel are often involved in the design of information technology, the literature on military innovation generally assumes defense contractors are the primary producers. Furthermore, general organizational ...

Lindsay, Jon R.

2006-07-18

310

Military consensus behind Soviet arms control proposals  

SciTech Connect

For nearly two years General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev has tried to entice the West with a spectacular array of arms control proposals and initiatives. On issues such as on-site inspections and European missile reductions, he has made such significant concessions over previous Soviet positions that questions have been raised, and not satisfactorily answered, about how much support Gorbachev's diplomacy enjoys among the Soviet military. For example, have Gorbachev's proposals been a bold personal gamble to achieve agreement without the prior approval of the Soviet military bureaucracy. Or does his arms control diplomacy represent a broad consensus among the military leadership and a realignment of Soviet military doctrine and grand strategy. A careful examination of recent Soviet military thought shows that such a consensus exists. A broad and stable coalition of key military leaders supports the General Secretary's policies. Moreover, recent Soviet concessions are not, as commonly argued, a stopgap ploy to halt the US Strategic Defense Initiative or Star Wars. Rather, the military's support for Gorbachev's arms-control diplomacy is based on some serious strategic analysis and stems from broad, fundamental, and enduring changes in Soviet national security policy.

Weickhardt, G.C.

1987-09-01

311

Military intervention and humanitarian action: trends and issues.  

PubMed

An important trend in military doctrine for so-called 'peace support operations' has been to place them on a spectrum that includes coercion and enforcement. This paper focuses on British writers of doctrine as those responsible for driving the debate forward and forging a consensus among leading military powers. Their discourse is combat oriented, a fact reinforced by a trend towards strategic subcontracting to coalitions of the militarily willing and able. At the same time, there has been a move to institutionalise the involvement of military forces in relief, peace building and development activities. The overall emphasis is on stability and security to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian relief and to establish the conditions for peace-building processes. In the case of Bosnia, this involves conditionality and economic leverage. Although there is a long-established record of peace-keeping forces engaging in goodwill activities (with mixed results), the current trends contain contradictions that seem likely to contribute to the widely perceived erosion of classical humanitarian principles. PMID:9874899

Pugh, M

1998-12-01

312

Writing American Soldiers: Nineteenth-Century Varieties of Military Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the late 1980s when Paul Fussell was defending the use of the atomic bomb in World War II, he did so on the grounds that he was a soldier. He knew better because his experiences in the war told him the bomb was necessary. Reactions to Fussell were quick to reject his sense of a personal knowledge of war,

Benjamin Cooper

2010-01-01

313

Military doctrine and intelligence fusion in the American homeland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a plethora of research has examined US efforts to combat terrorism both at home and abroad, very few scholars have investigated the unprecedented relationships among US national security institutions and urban law enforcement agencies that have emerged since the events of 9\\/11. Through evidence culled from semi-structured interviews with 28 security planners in Washington DC and New York City,

Matt Hidek

2011-01-01

314

Effects of military environments on optical adhesives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military environment imposes harsh conditions on adhesives. These conditions differ both qualitatively and quantitatively from typical civilian environments. Military systems must withstand exposure to moisture, temperature extremes, sunlight/ultraviolet radiation and other climatic stresses that are far in excess of what would be expected for commercial applications. Additionally, civilian products rarely consider issues such as fungus susceptibility, resistance to jet fuels and de-icing solvents, or resistance to chemical warfare agents and their decontaminants. The effect of military environments on both the optical and mechanical properties of optical adhesives are discussed for avionic display applications.

Krevor, David H.; Vazirani, Hargovind N.; Xu, Antai

1993-09-01

315

Altered Landscape or Arms Race? Making Sense of Military Spending in South America  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2009, South American military spending reached a total of $51.8 billion, a fifty percent increased from 2000 expenditures. The five-year moving average of arms transfers to South America was 150 percent higher from 2005 to 2009 than figures for 2000 to 2004.[1] These figures and others have led some observers to conclude that Latin America is engaged in an

Bradley S. Porter

2010-01-01

316

Coordinated bird monitoring: Technical recommendations for military lands  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Department of Defense (DoD) is subject to several rules and regulations establishing responsibilities for monitoring migratory birds. The Sikes Act requires all military installations with significant natural resources to prepare and implement Integrated Natural Resources Management Plans (INRMPs). These plans guide the conservation and long-term management of natural resources on military lands in a manner that is compatible with and sustains the military mission. An INRMP also supports compliance with all legal requirements and guides the military in fulfilling its obligation to be a good steward of public land.The management and conservation of migratory birds is addressed in installation INRMPs. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires federal agencies to evaluate and disclose the potential environmental impacts of their proposed actions. More recently, DoD signed an MOU (http://www.dodpif.org/downloads/EO13186_MOU-DoD.pdf) for migratory birds, under Executive Order 13186, with the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) in July 2006 and a Migratory Bird Rule (http://www.dodpif.org/downloads/MigBirdFINALRule_FRFeb2007.pdf) was passed by Congress in February 2007. The Migratory Bird Rule addresses the potential impacts of military readiness activities on populations of migratory birds and establishes a process to implement conservation measures if and when a military readiness activity is expected to have a significant adverse impact on a population of migratory bird species (as determined through the NEPA process). The MOU states that for nonmilitary readiness activities, prior to initiating any activity likely to affect populations of migratory birds DoD shall (1) identify the migratory bird species likely to occur in the area of the proposed action and determine if any species of concern could be affected by the activity, and (2) assess and document, using NEPA when applicable, the effect of the proposed action on species of concern. By following these procedures, DoD will minimize the possibility for a proposed action to unintentionally take migratory birds at a level that would violate any of the migratory bird treaties and potentially impact mission activities. In addition, implementing conservation and monitoring programs for migratory birds supports the ecosystem integrity necessary to sustain DoD's natural resources for the military mission.Non-compliance with the procedural requirements of the MBTA could result in a private party lawsuit under the Administrative Procedures Act (APA). A lawsuit filed under APA involving a Navy bombing range is the basis for a court ruling that unintentional take of migratory birds applies to federal actions. Ensuring the necessary data is available to adequately assess impacts of a proposed action will help avoid lawsuits or help ensure such lawsuits have no grounds. The data gathered in a bird monitoring program will provide the best scientific data available to assess the expected impacts of a proposed action on migratory bird species through the NEPA process. This report presents recommendations developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for the Department of Defense (DoD) on establishing a "Coordinated Bird Monitoring (CBM) Plan." The CBM Plan is intended to ensure that DoD meets its conservation and regulatory responsibilities for monitoring birds (Chapter 1). The report relies heavily on recommendations in the report, "Opportunities for improving avian monitoring" (http://www.nabci-us.org/aboutnabci/monitoringreportfinal0307.pdf), by the U.S. North American Bird Conservation Initiative (U.S. NABCI Monitoring Subcommittee, 2007) and on a review of 358 current DoD bird monitoring programs carried out as part of this project (Chapter 2). This report contains 12 recommendations which, if followed, would result in a comprehensive, efficient, and useful approach to bird monitoring. The recommendations are based on the entire report but are presented together at the end of Chapter 1. DoD has agreed to consider implementing these recommendations; however, fina

Bart, Jonathan; Manning, Ann; Fischer, Richard; Eberly, Chris

2012-01-01

317

Cigarette Prices in Military Retail: A Review and Proposal for Advancing Military Health Policy  

PubMed Central

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States (US) and has been demonstrated to significantly harm the combat readiness of military personnel. Unfortunately, recent research demonstrated that cigarettes are sold at substantial discounts in military retail outlets. In fact, the military is the only retailer which consistently loses money on tobacco. Cheap tobacco prices have been identified by enlisted personnel and Department of Defense health policy experts as promoting a culture of tobacco use in the US Military. This paper provides an analysis of why current military tobacco pricing policy has failed to eliminate cheap tobacco prices as an incentive for use. A rationale for increasing tobacco prices also is presented along with recommendations for improved military tobacco control policy. PMID:23756017

Haddock, Christopher K.; Jahnke, Sara A.; Poston, Walker S.C.; Williams, Larry N.

2013-01-01

318

Military Takeover Complete in Pakistan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

General Pervez Musharraf assumed the position of chief executive of Pakistan early this morning, completing a very quick and bloodless coup that began on Tuesday night. General Musharraf declared a state of emergency, suspending the constitution and the national and provincial assemblies, dismissing the provincial governments and governors, and banning the Supreme Court from challenging his authority. Reaction to the coup has been rather muted within Pakistan and abroad. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who is now in custody, was increasingly unpopular in Pakistan because of the country's dire economic situation, his handling of the conflict with India in Kashmir, and what some saw as his systematic efforts to undermine the authority of rival political parties and branches of government. Foreign officials and editorials have criticized the military and called for the restoration of civilian rule as soon as possible. However, many have also acknowledged Sharif's poor record and some have even called for a transitional "technocratic" government to revive the economy and fight corruption. While the crucial question of foreign aid and loans to Pakistan is still very much up in the air, it does appear that at least some nations, most notably arch-rival India, are prepared to do business with Pakistan's new leaders, at least for the short term.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

319

Military Family Projects at Zero to Three  

MedlinePLUS

... emotionally, while on deployment. The book explores core, universal themes relating to loss, healing, hope, resilience, and, ... of parenting a baby or toddler, particularly during times of stress and separation that military families may ...

320

Military and aerospace applications of FCC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Military and NASA programs are discussed in which FCC were used. Included are Saturn 4, Pegasus satellites solar, array for Skylab orbital workshop, Poseidon missiles, MK 48 torpedo fire control, and Lunar Surveyor.

Swanson, C.

1972-01-01

321

Information friction : information technology and military performance  

E-print Network

Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

Lindsay, Jon Randall

2011-01-01

322

The Many Faces of Military Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military recreation offers many diverse programs similar to those found in commercial, school, industrial, and public recreational facilities. These programs include not only sports events and athletic competitions but also cultural activities and live entertainment. (JN)

Schaefer, George C.

1980-01-01

323

A new era? Military space policy enters the mainstream  

Microsoft Academic Search

A military dimension to the use of space has existed since the earliest days of space activity. Historically, military space policy has been somewhat peripheral, but the ever increasing use of space in support of military objectives has now driven it into the mainstream of military planning. This has resulted in new consideration being given, particularly in the USA, to

Alasdair McLean

2000-01-01

324

Fighting Women: The Military, Sex, and Extrajudicial Constitutional Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Supreme Court in Rostker v. Goldberg (1981) upheld male-only military registration, and endorsed male-only conscription and combat positions. Few cases have challenged restrictions on women's military service since Rostker, and none have reached the Supreme Court. Federal statutes continue to exclude women from military registration and draft eligibility, and military regulations still ban women from some combat positions. Yet

Jill Elaine Hasday

2008-01-01

325

CENTER FOR ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS Colorado State University  

E-print Network

......................................................................................................................................................................4 1.3.5 Fire Records and Trend Analysis for Makua Military Reservation

326

A novel surveillance system for rescue and military operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a novel design of ultrasonic based surveillance system for rescue and military operations has been presented. The developed system consists of electronic module, transmitter, receiver, digital to analogue converter, liquid crystal display (LCD) and power supply. First, the mathematical model has been presented for the object detection system. Then the numerical simulation has been performed using Matlab plate form. The experiments have been conducted using ultrasonic frequencies. The thin cloth, thin curtain, thick curtain, paper and transparent plastic have been considered as a media during experiments. The presented system is highly accurate for object detection behind the obstacle.

Win, Yin Thu; Ashraf, Muhammad Waseem; Afzulpurkar, Nitin; Tayyaba, Shahzadi; Htun, Hla Thar; Punyasai, Chumnarm

2011-10-01

327

Better Military Relations and Human Rights Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military-to-military ties with Indonesia were significantly enhanced this quarter as plans were made for joint training that included counterterrorism for the first time. Jakarta also supported UN Security Council sanctions against Iran's nuclear program despite negative domestic reactions for opposing a fellow Muslim country. Regarding the Philippines, a U.S. Congressional hearing condemned extra-judicial killings and the impunity with which some

Sheldon W. Simon

2007-01-01

328

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

329

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

330

[Cancer incidence in the military: an update].  

PubMed

An abnormally elevated rate of Hodgkin's lymphoma was reported in 2001 among Italian soldiers in Bosnia and Kosovo since 1995: a surveillance system was therefore set up for the military community. Preliminary results for a longer period (1996-2007) have shown incidence rates lower than expected for all malignancies. No significant difference was registered between observed and expected cases of Hodkin's lymphoma: the excess of reported cases for this malignancy in 2001-2002 was probably due to a peak occurred in 2000 among the whole military; it is therefore unrelated to deployment in the Balkans, and probably represents a chance event. Moreover, a significant excess of thyroid cancer was reported among the whole military.The estimated number of incident cases, including those missed by the surveillance system, was not significantly higher than expected for all cancers; conversely, the estimated incidence rate of thyroid cancer was significantly increased; this excess, however, is probably due to a selection bias.These data concerning cancer surveillance in the Italian military are consistent with lacking evidence of an increased cancer incidence among troops of other countries deployed in the areas of Iraq, Bosnia, and Kosovo, where armour penetrating depleted uranium shells have been used. However, a comprehensive assessment of cancer morbidity in the military requires a revision of the privacy regulations, in order to link individual records of military personnel and data bases of the National Health Service. PMID:22166781

Peragallo, Mario Stefano; Urbano, Francesco; Sarnicola, Giuseppe; Lista, Florigio; Vecchione, Alfredo

2011-01-01

331

Cooperative Extension Training Impact on Military Youth and 4-H Youth: The Case of Speak Out for Military Kids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extension needs new venues to promote their programming skills to unfamiliar audiences. One new audience Extension is currently reaching is military children. By partnering with Operation: Military Kids to offer a Speak Out for Military Kids training, Extension supports military children and document changes in the behavior of this audience.…

Edwin, James; McKinley, Steve; Talbert, B. Allen

2010-01-01

332

From exclusion to acceptance: a case history of homosexuality in the U.S. Court of Military Appeals.  

PubMed

Policing the legality and normalcy of service members' sexual lives was a contentious process for military courts throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s that resulted in the inconsistent enforcement of the homosexual exclusion policy. Military personnel of all ranks and occupations harbored a variety of attitudes and beliefs about homosexuality that challenged the legitimacy and uniformity of the military's legal assault on sexual deviance. Over half of the active duty personnel originally accused of homosexual tendencies received either sentence reductions or sentence reversals as a result of this highly contested process by which official military policy was translated into practice via courts-martial. Paradoxically, the very policies that discriminated against alleged homosexual service members generated legal avenues through which gays and lesbians exercised their rights to due process, and, ultimately, their rights as American citizens embodied in the repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy. Rather than being an ideologically homophobic monolith, the Cold War American military rocked with contestation over an exclusion policy that attempted--unsuccessfully--to eliminate all gay and lesbian service members. PMID:23414272

Wilson-Buford, Kellie

2013-01-01

333

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2010-07-01

334

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2011-07-01

335

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2013-07-01

336

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-07-01 true Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2012-07-01

337

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2013-07-01 true Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2014-07-01

338

35. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - CONTROL ROOM OF ELECTRIC POWER STATION WITH DIESEL ENGINE POWERED ELECTRIC GENERATION EQUIPMENT IN BACKGROUND. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

339

T/sup 2/ high-technology transfer to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states; a public policy issues: an analysis of the loss of American high technology to the Soviet bloc, and methods to be employed by the United States government in overcoming this problem  

SciTech Connect

Loss of American high technology to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states has become a significant problem in the US. The Soviet Union enjoys quantitative military superiority over the US. The US on the other hand, has opted to maintain the balance of power through advanced high-technology military systems. This qualitative lead has been eroded, however, by Soviet successes in their high-technology transfer (T/sup 2/) program. This study examines the question of high-technology transfer to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states in terms of the following: (1) significance of this problem to the US; (2) how the Soviets acquire American high technology; (3) how acquisition of American high technology assists the Soviet Union; (4) what the US government is doing to reduce Soviet T/sup 2/ efforts; and (5) the author's recommendations to enhance the US program to control high-technology transfer. The author offers several suggests to deal with this problem, including: establishment of ad hoc matrix organization, with representatives from both the public and private sectors; privatization of government tasks connected with the T/sup 2/ issue, e.g., the conduct by the private sector of background investigations on individuals working on classified military contracts; evaluation of the current Coordinating Committee (COCOM) agreement to treaty status; reduction of the number of items on American export control lists; and the reduction of Soviet diplomatic representation in the United States.

Smits, W.H. Jr.

1986-01-01

340

EEG alpha variants and alpha power in Hispanic American and white non-Hispanic American young adults with a family history of alcohol dependence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from several studies support associations among variants in electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha voltage, alcohol dependence, ethnic heritage, and a family history of alcohol dependence, although no studies have as yet been conducted in individuals of Hispanic ethnicity. Categorization of EEG, by using spectral analyses, into high-, medium-, and low-voltage alpha, as well as absolute EEG power in alpha and beta

Cindy L. Ehlers; Evelyn Phillips; Marc A. Schuckit

2004-01-01

341

Gender Differences in Response to Deployment Among Military Healthcare Providers in Afghanistan and Iraq  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Despite their growing numbers in the United States military, little has been published on healthcare providers (HCP) or female service members from conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. The purpose of this secondary analysis of data from the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel was to determine gender differences in reaction to the impact of operational stress in deployed military healthcare providers. Methods The unweighted study sample selected for this data analysis included results from female and male active duty military personnel over the age of 18 years (n=16,146) deployed at least once to Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) or Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) within the past 3 years (n=1,425), for a final sample consisting of either officer (healthcare officer) or enlisted (healthcare specialist) personnel (n=455) (weighted n=23,440). Indices of psychologic distress and social relations were explored and compared. Results Enlisted female HCPs were more likely to be African American (42.3%) and single (63.0%) and represented the greater percentage with significant psychologic difficulties, as shown by serious psychologic distress endorsement (11.3%) and positive screen results for depression (32.2%). More harmful drinking patterns (Alcohol Use Disorders Identifications Test [AUDIT] score 8–15) were found in more female HCPs (enlisted 61.8%, officers 76.4%) compared with males (enlisted 41.1%, officers 67.1%). Conclusions Female HCPs serving in the current military conflicts are reporting significant psychologic distress that may adversely impact their performance within the military, in theaters of operations, and in their lives at home. Implications for clinical care of female service members and veterans of current wars are addressed. PMID:22224844

Hickling, Edward J.; Barnett, Scott D.; Herbig-Wall, Pamela L.; Watts, Dorraine D.

2012-01-01

342

Numerous Sinusoidal and Other EMF Phenomena, At Present and Former Native American Sites, May Be Superimposing Themselves onto Regional Power Grids.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Periodic electromagnetic field signals (EMF), sometimes noticeable as faint blue-light or other phenomena, frequently are also detected at sites associated with Native Americans. We first noticed this sort of information in the vicinity of Wendell, MA about fourteen years ago. Similar and other signals are apparent at Americas Stonehenge, AS, in North Salem, NH. Connecticut provided our first evidence of superposition of two such waves at the Gungywamp site north of Groton, CT. A Maine location first showed orthogonally oriented trajectories in neighborhoods formerly frequented by Molocket and Metallak and their relatives near Rumford and Rangeley, ME. Florida exhibits similar signals in the vicinity of Hollywood and at Miamis Tequesta instrument, as does a separate site in CT. Powerful thunderstorms in the vicinity of a stone serpent effigy in Ohio cause EMF pulsations. Such signals are possibly superimposing themselves onto power-grids, where frequency changes and system instabilities may occur, according to the elementary physics involved.

Cadran, Lawrence R.; Mc Leod, Roger D.; Mc Leod, David M.

2003-10-01

343

Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military

Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

2009-01-01

344

The Military Computer Family: a New. Joint-Service Approach to Military Computer Acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new approach to developing and acquiring computers for the military has been under development over the past 2½ years by the Army's Electronics Command and the Navy's Air Systems Command. Known as the Military Computer Family Program, the joint effort now includes the Air Force's Electronic Systems Division and Rome Air Development Center (as observers). It is aimed at

A. H. Coleman; W. R. Smith

1977-01-01

345

Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

Hulsey, Amanda

2011-01-01

346

Addressing Needs of Military Families during Deployment: Military Service Providers' Perceptions of Integrating Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service providers are increasingly recognizing the need to develop effective methods for delivering supporting services to military families during deployment. Research suggests that military families experience increased levels of stress during the cycle of deployment. Bronfenbrenner (1979) conceptualized the family operating within the context…

Hayden, Seth Christian Walter

2011-01-01

347

Intermountain West Military Training Lands Planting Guide: Selecting Seed Mixtures for Actively Used Military Lands  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This guide provides recommendations on plant materials for Department of Defense (DoD) training land restoration at military facilities in the Intermountain West of the United States. These guidelines fill a gap in knowledge in the science of military land management; there are no other guides for ...

348

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

2011-01-01

349

Shaping the Environmental Attitude of Military Geography Students at the South African Military Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globally there is a growing environmental awareness among all segments of society, but research on the effect of environmental education in shaping the attitude of military students is lacking. Tertiary environmental education to officers of the South African Department of Defence is seated in the Department of Military Geography at the South…

Smit, Hennie A. P.

2009-01-01

350

The 29th Annual Hurley Military History Seminar Military History Center  

E-print Network

The 29th Annual Hurley Military History Seminar Military History Center University of North Texas 8. Zinni, a retired four-star General of the United States Marine Corps and former Commander in Chief of U Superior Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters; the Bronze Star with Combat "V" and Gold Star

Mohanty, Saraju P.

351

Seeking Recognition: Patriotism, Power and Politics in Sikh American Discourse in the Immediate Aftermath of 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the events of 9\\/11, Sikh Americans were victims of specific hate crimes and more generalized discrimination and distrust. This essay draws on participant observation and interviews conducted in the immediate aftermath of 9\\/11 with the Sikh community of the greater Washington, DC, area to examine the range of their responses to the pressures confronted by the community. It examines

Jessica Falcone

2006-01-01

352

Seeking Recognition: Patriotism, Power and Politics in Sikh American Discourse in the Immediate Aftermath of 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

:After the events of 9\\/11, Sikh Americans were victims of specific hate crimes and more generalized discrimination and distrust. This essay draws on participant observation and interviews conducted in the immediate aftermath of 9\\/11 with the Sikh community of the greater Washington, DC, area to examine the range of their responses to the pressures confronted by the community. It examines

Jessica Falcone

2006-01-01

353

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics A Study of Cylindrical Hall Thruster for Low Power Space Applications  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 A Study of Cylindrical Hall Thruster for Low thruster with a ceramic channel exhibited performance comparable to the state-of-the-art Hall thrusters the possibility of a high performance micro Hall thruster. 1. Introduction Miniature or constellations

354

Understanding Failures in International Safety-Critical Infrastructures: A Comparison of European and North American Power Failures  

E-print Network

Understanding Failures in International Safety-Critical Infrastructures: A Comparison of European and the algorithms used to predict potential distribution problems. The European and North American failures had electricity distribution network. Although the most serious consequences were experienced South of the Alps

Johnson, Chris

355

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Dynamics of a High-Agility, Low-Power Coelostat Telescope  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Dynamics of a High-Agility, Low for agile spacecraft. We propose the use of CMGs in actuating joint degrees of freedom in a spacecraft-mounted agile coelostat telescope, whose tasks include acquiring and tracking a high-speed target. High agility

Peck, Mason A.

356

Framing Red Power: The American Indian Movement, the Trail of Broken Treaties, and the Politics of Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the relationship between the American Indian Movement (AIM), national newspaper and television media, and the Trail of Broken Treaties caravan in November 1972 and the way media framed, or interpreted, AIM's motivations and objectives. The intellectual and political currents present in the 1960s, including the ideas of Vine Deloria, Jr., and the successes of the Civil Rights

Jason A. Heppler

2009-01-01

357

Construction Mechanic Part II, 8-6. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course, adapted from military curriculum materials for use in vocational and technical education, is the second of a two-course series that teaches students to maintain and repair automotive and construction equipment using either gasoline or diesel engines. It covers basic chassis and power train troubleshooting, diagnosis, and adjustment…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

358

Copper, fiber-optic and carbon nanotube technologies for next generation military information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key parameters such as power dissipation, switching delay, crosstalk and error rates are important for overall information system performance and next generation military applications such as communications, data transfer and beam forming networks for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) platforms. For the DoD and aerospace community, the electronic battlespace has evolved to a wideband environment that continuously expands. Next-generation electronically

Ronald Pirich; Praveen Anumolu

2010-01-01

359

Exploiting commercial DBS technologies to provide a military Global Broadcast Service (GBS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technical innovations and high power satellites incorporated in commercial direct broadcast service (DBS) systems provide the technology basis for the implementation of a military Global Broadcast Service (GBS). The major DBS systems in the US (PRIMESTAR, DirecTV, USSB, ECHOSTAR) use packet-based digital data streams for the delivery of tailored broadcast “video” information into very small antennas located at distributed

T. Ellington; R. Barker

1996-01-01

360

Smallpox in Washington's Army: Strategic Implications of the Disease During the American Revolutionary War  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of smallpox during the early years of the American War for Independence posed a very real danger to the success of the Revolution. This essay documents the impact of the deadly disease on the course of military activities during the war and analyzes small- pox as a critical factor in the military decision-making process. Histo- rians have rarely

Ann M. Becker

2004-01-01

361

A Retrospective of Four Decades of Military Interest in Thermophotovoltaics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following a short discussion on the origin of Thermophotovoltaic (TPV), this presentation offers a retrospective of the progress and results of the recurrent efforts in TPV conducted in the United States by the Military during the last 40 years. The US Army's interest in TPV, for the development of portable power sources, started a few years after the energy conversion approach was conceived. TPV technology was seen to offer a solution for the Army's need for power in the 10 to 1500 Watt range. The technology offered the means to overcome the limitation of size and weight found in existing commercial power sources, with the additional advantage of silent and multifuel operation. Hence, the Army invested research and development (R&D) funding to investigate TPV feasibility for tactical field application. After an initial decade of continuous research studies by the Army, the support for this technology has experienced cycles of significant efforts interrupted by temporary waiting periods to allow this technology to further mature. Over the last four decades, several TPV proof of concept systems were developed. The results of their testing and evaluation have demonstrated the feasibility of the technology for development of power sources with output of several watts to a few hundreds watts. To date, the results have not been found to adequately demonstrate the applicability of TPV to the development of military power generators with output above 500 watts. TPV power sources have not been developed yet for Army field use or troop testing. The development risk is still considered to be moderate-to-high since practical-size systems that go beyond the laboratory test units have not been designed, constructed, tested. The greatest need is for system development, along with concurrent continued component development and improvement. The Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) support for TPV R&D effort has been drastically reduced. The Army is still pursuing a 500watt TPV unit demonstrator. No further collaboration among DARPA, Army, NASA is contemplated, which seems indicative of the beginning of a new period of waiting for additional maturing of this technology. The Army's assessment about the viability of TPV for integrated systems indicates that the technology will require a few more years of development. However, at this time, for the completion of component and system development, a strong effort is needed in the private sector. The achievement of the necessary ruggedness for some critical components, acceptable overall efficiency, and system thermal management, is essential for a new, strong restart of TPV effort by the Military.

Guazzoni, Guido; Matthews, Selma

2004-11-01

362

3 CFR 8660 - Proclamation 8660 of April 29, 2011. Jewish American Heritage Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...creativity, and hearts to the greater good—contributing scientific accomplishments, pioneering works of literature and musical genius, and performing distinguished service in our Nation’s military. Jewish Americans have defended our country since the...

2012-01-01

363

The application of CRM to military operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.

Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.

1987-01-01

364

78 FR 74168 - Agency Information Collection: Emergency Submission for OMB Review (Survey of Military Retirees...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT...MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Agency Information...Military Compensation and Retirement...Modernization Commission. ACTION...Military Compensation and Retirement...Modernization Commission...

2013-12-10

365

78 FR 67401 - Solicitation of Written Comments by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Solicitation of Written Comments by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement...

2013-11-12

366

78 FR 68097 - Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization...

2013-11-13

367

Assessing Climate Change Impacts for Military Installations in the Southwest United States During the Warm Season  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Arid and semi-arid regions are experiencing some of the most adverse impacts of climate change with increased heat waves, droughts, and extreme weather. These events will likely exacerbate socioeconomic and political instabilities in regions where the United States has vital strategic interests and ongoing military operations. The Southwest U.S. is strategically important in that it houses some of the most spatially expansive and important military installations in the country. The majority of severe weather events in the Southwest occur in association with the North American monsoon system (NAMS), and current observational record has shown a 'wet gets wetter and dry gets drier' global monsoon precipitation trend. We seek to evaluate the warm season extreme weather projection in the Southwest U.S., and how the extremes can affect Department of Defense (DoD) military facilities in that region. A baseline methodology is being developed to select extreme warm season weather events based on historical sounding data and moisture surge observations from Gulf of California. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)-type high resolution simulations will be performed for the extreme events identified from Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model simulations initiated from IPCC GCM and NCAR Reanalysis data in both climate control and climate change periods. The magnitude in extreme event changes will be analyzed, and the synoptic forcing patterns of the future severe thunderstorms will provide a guide line to assess if the military installations in the Southwest will become more or less susceptible to severe weather in the future.

Castro, C.

2013-05-01

368

Assessing the mental health consequences of military combat in Iraq and Afghanistan: a literature review.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper was to explore how a military career may affect the mental health of serving and ex-service personnel, to identify the accessibility and helpfulness of support (both during and after military service) and to make recommendations for change. A literature search was undertaken using the MetaFind meta search engine with keywords: mental health, psychological health, emotional health, soldier, British army, army, ex-army, military, military personnel, armed forces, resettlement, impact, family relationship, divorce, health, support services. The search was applied to the following databases: EBSCO Host, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Ingenta Connect, Medline, PsyArticles, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, together with the specific journals American Journal of Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry and ProQuest Nursing journals. 110 relevant publications were identified and from these 61 papers were retrieved for further analysis. Poor mental health is associated with increased risk of social exclusion on leaving the services, which further exacerbates mental health problems. An increasing number of ex-service personnel are expected to develop stress-related mental health problems in the future. PMID:21040224

Walker, S

2010-11-01

369

[Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].  

PubMed

The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation. PMID:25284434

Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

2014-11-01

370

Technology in military strategy: a realistic assessment  

SciTech Connect

Today the Military Reform Movement strongly criticizes the United States military for being mesmerized by technology to the detriment of other, including human, factors. Only in this century have writers given great attention to war technologies. In contrast to strategic thinkers like Sun-Tsu, Machiavelli, Clausewitz, Moltke, and Mahan, post-World War I theorists like fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Mitchell made technology a key to their strategic concepts. Nuclear war theorists like Brodie, Kahn, and Wohlstetter made technology a centrality, while limited war theorists like Osgood and Kissinger gave it considerable, but less, stress. The reformers place more weight on teh art of using military forces than on weapons, emphasizing mobility and historical lessons, rather than technology. Nuclear war theories rely too heavily on technological dimensions to expect a shift. Somewhat more attention could profitably be paid to nontechnological aspects of conventional war, but any violent pendulum swing should be avoided.

Sanders, R.

1983-01-01

371

Pathways to the All-Volunteer Military  

PubMed Central

Objectives The present study investigates the role of a disadvantaged background, the lack of social connectedness, and behavioral problems in channeling young men to the opportunities of the all-volunteer military instead of to college and the labor market. Methods Data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States. The analytic sample consists of 6,938 white, black, and other males. Results The greatest likelihood of military service versus college and the labor force occurs when young men of at least modest ability come from disadvantaged circumstances, experience minimal connectedness to others, and report a history of adolescent fighting. Discussion Findings suggest the importance of access to post-high school education and worklife opportunities as a military service incentive for less advantaged young men in the all volunteer era. PMID:21960728

Elder, Glen H.; Wang, Lin; Spence, Naomi J.; Adkins, Daniel E.; Brown, Tyson H.

2011-01-01

372

Contraceptive decision-making in military women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of women in the military related to the prevention of pregnancy. Ten single women, ages 19 to 24, volunteered to be participants. They were interviewed over a 12-week period in a private setting at a military clinic. The results of the study were that their decision to use contraception was influenced by their personal goals, family values, perceived support system, and effectiveness of the birth control. These women used contraceptive methods that they felt were right for them. The conclusion of the study was that women in active military duty are in need of reproductive health education, career counseling, and support. Nurses are in a good position to provide these needed services. PMID:17595410

Chung-Park, Min S

2007-07-01

373

Solar electricity for military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modular arrays of panels of photovoltaic solar cells for low-cost solar power are described. Reliability, mechanical design and mountings, temperature behavior, charging capability and overcharging protection, and reduction of costs from $500\\/W to $15\\/W are discussed. Panels feature 5 x 5 or 6 x 3 interconnected photovoltaic cells mounted on fiberglass board and encapsulated in transparent stabilized silicone, with no

T. Blumenstock; M. A. Goold

1977-01-01

374

Evaluation of potential military applications of stirling engines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on the potential military applications of the Stirling engine. In the applications considered here, the major advantages cited for the Stirling engine are multifuel capability, efficiency, and low noise levels. These potential advantages are small compared to current diesels. Diesels are already able to burn broadcut fuels, have high efficiency, and can be adequately muffled. Their major disadvantages are size, weight, and cost. These disadvantages are only severe in vehicular and mobile power applications where the competition is open-cycle internal combustion engines (diesel, spark-ignition, or turbine). In underwater and space power applications where closed-cycle engines are a necessity, the use of Stirling engines shows more promise.

Oelrich, Ivan C.; Riddell, Frederick R.

1988-07-01

375

American Women Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many resources that detail the contributions of women in American history, but this particular site does so in an organized and intelligent fashion. Created by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University, the site is chronologically organized, and visitors can read through each area to learn about various online resources that deal with each historical era. The primary timeline covers the world of Native Americans all the way up to the year 2001. The site also has a "Other Timelines" section, which includes links to timelines that tell the stories of notable women in history and topical ones as well, such as those dealing with feminism, Jewish women, and women in the military.

Middleton, Ken, 1964-

376

An update of military robotics activities  

SciTech Connect

Military unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are beginning to break new ground that will strongly affect the future development of robotics. Current and planned future demonstrations of new UGV technologies are aiding in the maturation of control and navigation technologies critical to remotely controlled, supervised, and autonomous robots. The United States and its allies are spending millions of dollars to develop UGVs for military applications. The first systems will be deployed by the year 2000. The United States is leading the way, and its program is focused on the tactical UGV (TUGV) for the US Army and Marine Corps.

Lovece, J.A. (L B Ltd., Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

377

MODELING OF AN UNMANNED SIX-WHEELED SKID-STEERED HYBRID-ELECTRIC MILITARY VEHICLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Army TACOM-TARDEC sponsored development of a high-fidelity six-degree-of-freedom vehicle model to simulate and evaluate the performance of unmanned hybrid-electric military vehicles designed for autonomous operations. The vehicle model is a six-wheeled, skid-steered vehicle with a series hybrid-electric power system with in-hub drive motors linked to a diesel engine, Lithium Ion battery, and generator via extensive power and energy

David Milner; Jarrett Goodell; Mike Pozolo; Jason Ueda; Nancy Saxon

378

North American Power Symposium NAPS, Laramie, Wyoming, October 1997, pp. 49 54. Fundamental Frequency Model of Static Synchronous Compensator  

E-print Network

of cheap" natu- ral gas and high performance gas turbines. On the other hand, new transmission systems. Introduction Today's power systems are highly complex, sometimes made of thousands of buses and hundreds of generators. New power generation is primarily determined based on environmental and economic reasons

Cañizares, Claudio A.

379

27. PICTURESQUE MILITARY PARK LANDSCAPE ALONG NORTH SIDE OF HAMBURGPURDY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. PICTURESQUE MILITARY PARK LANDSCAPE ALONG NORTH SIDE OF HAMBURG-PURDY ROAD WITH GEORGE CABIN VISIBLE ON THE FAR SIDE OF BELL'S FIELD. VIEW N. - Shiloh National Military Park Tour Roads, Shiloh, Hardin County, TN

380

Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military Reservation, USACOE, 20 July 1948 - Fort Custer Military Reservation, Bounded by Territorial, Dickman, & Longman Roads & Route 94 Business, Battle Creek, Calhoun County, MI

381

Military graduate medical education in internal medicine: an outcomes study.  

PubMed

Military graduate medical education has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years as the size of the military medical force declines. To document the outcomes of military graduate medical education in internal medicine, a cohort of Air Force internal medicine residency graduates from Wright-Patterson Medical Center were studied and their residency performance, staff performance, and active duty retention recorded. The study cohort had an outstanding residency performance, as measured by research experience and board certification rate. They also performed well as military staff physicians, receiving numerous individual military medals while holding important administrative and supervisory positions in the military. Finally, the study cohort had a higher than expected active duty retention rate. These findings support the notion that military graduate medical education in internal medicine produces outstanding military internists. PMID:11315470

Cation, L J; Lenihan, D J; Gutierrez-Nunez, J J

2001-04-01

382

Is it time for a tobacco-free military?  

PubMed

Achieving a tobacco-free military requires rethinking current perceptions of service members' tobacco use and unmasking the forces perpetuating those perceptions. Prohibiting tobacco use would be entirely consistent with other military requirements regarding health. PMID:24988299

Smith, Elizabeth A; Jahnke, Sara A; Poston, Walker S C; Williams, Larry N; Haddock, Christopher K; Schroeder, Steven A; Malone, Ruth E

2014-08-14

383

7 CFR 3550.158 - Active military duty.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Regular...due after RHS confirms the active military status of the borrower. (b) Change of active military status. The borrower must notify RHS when...

2010-01-01

384

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490) provides assistance to military land managers for technical support in cultural resources management planning and compliance. The goal is to ensure that these diverse, nonrenewable resources are adequately

385

THECENTERforEcologicalManagementofMilitaryLands Access LCTA  

E-print Network

...................................................................................................................... 9 4.2 LAND USE ANALYSISTHECENTERforEcologicalManagementofMilitaryLands Access LCTA A Microsoft Access Land Condition Trend Analysis User Interface Users Guide By William Sprouse CENTER FOR ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

386

7 CFR 3550.158 - Active military duty.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Regular Servicing § 3550.158 Active military duty. The Soldiers and Sailors Relief Act requires that the interest rate charged a borrower who enters full-time active military duty...

2011-01-01

387

32 CFR 635.17 - Military Police Report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Military Police Report. (a) General Use. DA form 3975 is a multipurpose form used to...been committed. (b) Special use. The DA Form 3975 will be used to— (1) Transmit completed DA Form 3946 (Military Police Traffic...

2011-07-01

388

32 CFR 635.17 - Military Police Report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Military Police Report. (a) General Use. DA form 3975 is a multipurpose form used to...been committed. (b) Special use. The DA Form 3975 will be used to— (1) Transmit completed DA Form 3946 (Military Police Traffic...

2013-07-01

389

32 CFR 635.17 - Military Police Report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Military Police Report. (a) General Use. DA form 3975 is a multipurpose form used to...been committed. (b) Special use. The DA Form 3975 will be used to— (1) Transmit completed DA Form 3946 (Military Police Traffic...

2012-07-01

390

32 CFR 635.17 - Military Police Report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Military Police Report. (a) General Use. DA form 3975 is a multipurpose form used to...been committed. (b) Special use. The DA Form 3975 will be used to— (1) Transmit completed DA Form 3946 (Military Police Traffic...

2014-07-01

391

32 CFR 635.17 - Military Police Report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Military Police Report. (a) General Use. DA form 3975 is a multipurpose form used to...been committed. (b) Special use. The DA Form 3975 will be used to— (1) Transmit completed DA Form 3946 (Military Police Traffic...

2010-07-01

392

Firewire in modern integrated military avionics  

Microsoft Academic Search

High performance communications, navigation, and identification (CNI) functions on modern military aircraft are increasingly required for mission readiness. The operation of simultaneous waveforms through an integrated avionics rack of shared resources becomes a test in moving data rapidly from one signal processing stage to the next. The IEEE 1394, or Firewire, is a commercial high bandwidth bus whose 64-bit addressing

G. Baltazar; G. P. Chapelle

2001-01-01

393

Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books  

E-print Network

Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books Colin Milburn U N I V E R S I T Y O F C A L I disseminated, it wasn't long before several comic book fans recognized similarities to the comic book Radix translated from elsewhere in the same book (Lai and Lai). The ISN illustration had reassembled

394

Stem cell applications in military medicine.  

PubMed

There are many similarities between health issues affecting military and civilian patient populations, with the exception of the relatively small but vital segment of active soldiers who experience high-energy blast injuries during combat. A rising incidence of major injuries from explosive devices in recent campaigns has further complicated treatment and recovery, highlighting the need for tissue regenerative options and intensifying interest in the possible role of stem cells for military medicine. In this review we outline the array of tissue-specific injuries typically seen in modern combat - as well as address a few complications unique to soldiers--and discuss the state of current stem cell research in addressing each area. Embryonic, induced-pluripotent and adult stem cell sources are defined, along with advantages and disadvantages unique to each cell type. More detailed stem cell sources are described in the context of each tissue of interest, including neural, cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and sensory tissues, with brief discussion of their potential role in regenerative medicine moving forward. Additional commentary is given to military stem cell applications aside from regenerative medicine, such as blood pharming, immunomodulation and drug screening, with an overview of stem cell banking and the unique opportunity provided by the military and civilian overlap of stem cell research. PMID:22011454

Christopherson, Gregory T; Nesti, Leon J

2011-01-01

395

Military jet activity and Sonoran pronghorn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty percent of the habitat for the endangered Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) in the United States is on the Barry M. Goldwater Range (BMGR), a bombing and gunnery range located in southwestern Arizona, USA. Wildlife and land managers have expressed concerns that military aircraft activity may be detrimental to Sonoran pronhom. We observed the response of Sonoran pronghorn

P. R. Krausman; Lisa K. Harris

2002-01-01

396

Military Children from Birth to Five Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because most research on military families has focused on children who are old enough to go to school, we know the least about the youngest and perhaps most vulnerable children in these families. Some of what we do know, however, is worrisome--for example, multiple deployments, which many families have experienced during the wars in Iraq and…

Osofsky, Joy D.; Chartrand, Molinda M.

2013-01-01

397

The Utilization of Women in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the decade of the 1970s there will be an increase in the number and percent of women in the United States military. Trends indicate that this rise will move steadily but gradually from less than 2 percent women in the armed services to approximately 4 percent. Although the number and percent of women in uniform will remain small, their

Nancy Goldman

1973-01-01

398

Respiratory tract infections in the military environment.  

PubMed

Military personnel fighting in contemporary battlefields as well as those participating in combat training are at risk of contracting respiratory infections. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that soldiers deployed to the harsh environment have higher rates of newly reported respiratory symptoms than non-deployers. Acute respiratory diseases are the principle reason for outpatient treatment and hospitalization among military personnel, with an incidence exceeding that of the adult civilian population by up to three-fold. Adenoviruses, influenza A and B viruses, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, coronaviruses and rhinoviruses have been identified as the main causes of acute respiratory infections among the military population. Although infective pathogens have been extensively studied, a significant proportion of illnesses (over 40%) have been due to unknown causative agents. Other health hazards, which can lead to respiratory illnesses among troops, are extreme air temperatures, desert dust, emissions from burn pits, industrial pollutants, and airborne contaminants originating from degraded soil. Limited diagnostic capabilities, especially inside the area of operations, make it difficult to accurately estimate the exact number of respiratory diseases in the military environment. The aim of the study was to discuss the occurrence of respiratory tract infections in army personnel, existing risk factors and preventive measures. PMID:25278277

Korzeniewski, Krzysztof; Nitsch-Osuch, Aneta; Konior, Monika; Lass, Anna

2015-04-01

399

Military Children: When Parents Are Deployed Overseas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Members of the Armed Services and Reserve Unit Members, both male and female, are being deployed to distant lands for long periods of time, disrupting family life and causing stressful times for the adults and children in the family. Traditionally, the mother of the military family was left to be the caregiver after the deployment of the…

Fitzsimons, Virginia M.; Krause-Parello, Cheryl A.

2009-01-01

400

Stem cell applications in military medicine  

PubMed Central

There are many similarities between health issues affecting military and civilian patient populations, with the exception of the relatively small but vital segment of active soldiers who experience high-energy blast injuries during combat. A rising incidence of major injuries from explosive devices in recent campaigns has further complicated treatment and recovery, highlighting the need for tissue regenerative options and intensifying interest in the possible role of stem cells for military medicine. In this review we outline the array of tissue-specific injuries typically seen in modern combat - as well as address a few complications unique to soldiers - and discuss the state of current stem cell research in addressing each area. Embryonic, induced-pluripotent and adult stem cell sources are defined, along with advantages and disadvantages unique to each cell type. More detailed stem cell sources are described in the context of each tissue of interest, including neural, cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and sensory tissues, with brief discussion of their potential role in regenerative medicine moving forward. Additional commentary is given to military stem cell applications aside from regenerative medicine, such as blood pharming, immunomodulation and drug screening, with an overview of stem cell banking and the unique opportunity provided by the military and civilian overlap of stem cell research. PMID:22011454

2011-01-01

401

[Application and research of acupuncture in military].  

PubMed

Acupuncture has remarkable effects of pain relieving and functional restoration on injuries of soft tissue and joint due to military training. As more and more attention has been attached to the impact of psychological states and biorhythm disorder on the fighting ability of military staff, acupuncture has found its place in treating chronic fatigue, combat stress reaction, traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder as well as regulating circadian rhythms. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture in military training-related physical damage and psychological trauma has already been proved by numerous clinical practices and researches. It is held that using acupuncture as an alternative could not only save medical resources, but also enhance the fighting ability of the army. However, the current clinical studies is facing the problem of limited sample size. Therefore, randomized controlled trials in large scale and multiple centers should be further carried out toward military staff, so as to provide more speaking evidences to the prevention and treatment of physical and psychological diseases. PMID:24673077

Zhao, Lu; Li, Xiao-Qian; Chen, Hong-Yun; Li, Wei-Hong; Zhou, Shuang; Zhou, Qing-Hui

2014-01-01

402

Evolution and Influence of Military Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military education programs encompass almost every adult education component from basic skills training through graduate-level higher education. As the country's largest employer, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) is also the largest provider of adult education, offering training and education for a workforce of more than 3.2 million members…

Persyn, John M.; Polson, Cheryl J.

2012-01-01

403

Driver fatigue among military truck drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Israeli Defense Force (IDF) Transport Center is the largest and the most diverse transportation organization in Israel: three times as large as the largest commercial fleet in Israel, and military bases are spread all over the country. It also has the ability to regulate the drivers better: enforcing diet, hours of sleep, and working hours. The drivers are either

Tal Oron-Gilad; David Shinar

2000-01-01

404

Montana State University 1 Military Science -Army  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Military Science - Army ROTC Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) is a unique course of study that complements an existing degree-producing program-time soldier (one weekend a month and two weeks in the summer). ROTC enhances a student's education

Maxwell, Bruce D.

405

The Military Ban and the ROTC  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines reasons for university involvement in protesting ROTC policies discriminatory toward lesbians and gay men. The formal exclusion of lesbians and gay men from the military permits not only the abuses in selective enforcement of the policy and considerable economic costs to maintain it, but also contributes to the perpetuation of the closet. Closeting is not a phenomenon

Claudia Card

1994-01-01

406

Residence Time and Military Workplace Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite widespread interest in the reintegration of Post-9/11 military veterans into civilian life, the literacies of Post-9/11 veterans, both academic and professional, remain largely untheorized. This paper addresses this dearth of information by examining the induction processes and resulting workplace literacies of soldiers, airmen/women,…

Doe, Sue; Doe, William W., III

2013-01-01

407

United States military posture for FY 1989  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this statement on the military posture of the United States is to supplement testimony by the Chairman and other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at congressional hearings in support of the FY 1989 Defense Budget. Chapter I is an overview that describes the main challenges to US national security, outlines objectives and elements of US military strategy, and highlights continuing efforts to field the best possible armed forces for the protection of US national interests. Chapter II compares US defense requirements and resource commitment with those of the Soviet Union. Chapter III provides an overview of the global military environment by comparing US and allied forces with Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces. Chapter IV assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces to meet the Soviet nuclear threat. Chapter V assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces, in concert with friends and allies, to meet the Soviet conventional military threat. This chapter deals primarily with joint perspectives that have increased the capabilities and efficiency of our forces. Chapter VI addresses other topics of interest. Unless otherwise noted, data shown in this report have used operational as opposed to treaty inventories for strategic weapon systems, a fiscal year cutoff date of 30 September 1987, and mobilized forces. Additionally, data have been developed based on a global as opposed to regional war scenario.

Not Available

1989-01-01

408

Enhancing Mental Readiness in Military Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

With psychological injuries accounting for between 10-50% of operational casualties, there is consistent evidence that adequate psychological preparation for deployments is a vital operational requisite. Beyond the psychological costs to soldiers, empirical results also indicate that the stressors found in military contexts can contribute to errors in judgement and performance, reducing operational effectiveness. Thus, the development of training programs that

Megan M. Thompson; Donald R. McCreary

409

Turf Wars: School Administrators and Military Recruiting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a decade has passed since passage, few have noticed that section 9528 in No Child Left Behind (NCLB) mandates schools to assist military recruiting. This article focuses on administrators' responsibility to inform parents of their privacy rights and the struggle to manage recruiting in schools. I highlight two conclusions with policy…

Lagotte, Brian W.

2014-01-01

410

Status Configurations, Military Service and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Armed Forces offer educational and training benefits as incentives for service. This study investigates the influence of status configurations on military enlistment and their link to greater educational opportunity. Three statuses (socioeconomic status of origin, cognitive ability and academic performance) have particular relevance for…

Wang, Lin; Elder, Glen H., Jr.; Spence, Naomi J.

2012-01-01

411

Western European union a military perspective admiral  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examines the re?emergence of the Western European Union as a military option, and outlines how it might function specifically as a cooperative European body, under the umbrella of NATO, in response to the varying demands of future conflicts around the world.

Benjamin Bathurst GCB

1992-01-01

412

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY RESOURCE ASSESSMENT ON MILITARY LANDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovative Technical Solutions, Inc. (ITSI) evaluated geothermal potential on selected military bases in the U.S. for the Department of Defense. Assessment activities included literature reviews, interviews with local specialists, geothermal field investigations at 3 installations, and development of conceptual geothermal occurrence models. Occurrence models integrate geothermal system characteristics with local structural\\/tectonic characteristics to identify potential geothermal targets. Spatial analyses of

R. Leong; U. Kansas

413

Personality and Adaptation to Military Trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this dissertation is to increase understanding of individual differences in vulnerability for and resilience to trauma in military personnel. Specifically, the studies in this dissertation examined clinical symptoms and personality profiles of Dutch peacekeepers and sought to elucidate how personality may moderate risk and resilience to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers and veterans. \\u000aPersonality affects the

A. R. Rademaker

2009-01-01

414

Carrier frequency allocation in FDMA military SATCOMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tactical military SATCOMs require a sophisticated balance between efficiency and resilience. Ideally, this balance needs to be flexible and dynamic, so as to adapt as demands (and threats) ebb and flow. Automation is seen as the key to providing the flexibility to migrate SATCOM band plans between rapidly evolving scenarios. Efficiency and revenue maximisation are often the key drivers in

L. D. Westbrook; T. Calladene; I. Berry; N. Briscombe

2001-01-01

415

78 FR 60243 - Solicitation of Written Comments by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...modernization of the military compensation and retirement systems to...tax treatment of military compensation and benefits; and military family housing...to modernize the military compensation and retirement systems....

2013-10-01

416

78 FR 5717 - Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the waters of Suisun Bay in vicinity of the...MOTCO) in Concord, California. This rule will be...safety zone in Suisun Bay near MOTCO in Concord California during military onloads...safety or security of people, places or...

2013-01-28

417

Interagency Advanced Power Group meeting minutes  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the minutes and viewgraphs from a meeting of military personnel on the subject of power generation and distribution systems for military applications. Topics include heating and cooling systems for standard shelters, SDIO power programs, solar dynamic space power systems, hybrid solar dynamic/ photovoltaic systems, pulsed power technology, high-{Tc} superconductors, and actuators and other electronic equipment for aerospace vehicles. Attendees represented the US Air Force, Army, Navy, and NASA. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-12-31

418

Interagency Advanced Power Group meeting minutes  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the minutes and viewgraphs from a meeting of military personnel on the subject of power generation and distribution systems for military applications. Topics include heating and cooling systems for standard shelters, SDIO power programs, solar dynamic space power systems, hybrid solar dynamic/ photovoltaic systems, pulsed power technology, high-{Tc} superconductors, and actuators and other electronic equipment for aerospace vehicles. Attendees represented the US Air Force, Army, Navy, and NASA. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-01-01

419

FSC LCD technology for military and avionics applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Field sequential color (FSC) liquid crystal displays (LCD) using a high speed LCD mode and an R, G, B LED backlight, offers a significant potential for lower power consumption, higher resolution, higher brightness and lower cost compared to the conventional R, G, B color filter based LCD, and thus is of interest to various military and avionic display applications. While the DLP projection TVs, and Camcorder LCD view finder type displays using the FSC technology have been introduced in the consumer market, large area direct view LCD displays based on the FSC technology have not reached the commercial market yet. Further, large area FSC LCDs can present unique operational issues in avionic and military environments particularly for operation in a broad temperature range and with respect to its susceptibility for the color breakup image artifact. In this paper we will review the current status of the FSC LCD technology and then discuss the results of our efforts on the FSC LCD technology evaluation for the avionic applications.

Sarma, Kalluri R.; Schmidt, John; Roush, Jerry

2009-05-01

420

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will...

2010-07-01

421

Space systems and the military geography of future regional conflicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of space systems to military operations as seen in Operation Desert Shield\\/Desert Storm will surely transform regional security environments around the world and rewrite the military geography of conflicts, alliances, and industrial strategies. The first part of this report outlines the significance of space systems for contemporary military operations, as seen recently in the operations against Iraq; the

Butterworth

1992-01-01

422

Life Journey through Autism: A Guide for Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autism presents parents and families with many challenges under normal circumstances. Autism in a military family magnifies many of those challenges and adds a few more that are unique to the demands of military life and service, further complicating an already complex neurobiological disorder. Military sources indicate that more than 13,000…

Alexander, Katie C.; Clemens, Erin M.; Gilbert, Marilyn; McBreen, Joseph

2010-01-01

423

Women and Reproductive Health: A Challenge for the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the military health care system is the second largest in the nation serving approximately 6,000,000 people, little research has examined military reproductive health care services or their quality. Medical services can be provided by regional military medical centers and by base infirmaries and dispensaries. Often base infirmaries and…

Bassoff, Betty Z.; Ortiz, Elizabeth T.

424

Hazardous Drinking and Military Community Functioning: Identifying Mediating Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Hazardous drinking is a serious societal concern in military populations. Efforts to reduce hazardous drinking among military personnel have been limited in effectiveness. There is a need for a deeper understanding of how community-based prevention models apply to hazardous drinking in the military. Community-wide prevention efforts may…

Foran, Heather M.; Heyman, Richard E.; Slep, Amy M. Smith

2011-01-01

425

Military laser systems - A costly search for ultimate weapons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The military interests that have resulted in the creation of a rich diversity of military laser systems are discussed. Some of the more significant technological laser developments are examined, including rage finders and designators, directed energy weapons, laser communications, and laser radar. Some of the military lasers that can be expected in the future are discussed.

Jon Grossman

1991-01-01

426

Military laser systems - A costly search for ultimate weapons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military interests that have resulted in the creation of a rich diversity of military laser systems are discussed. Some of the more significant technological laser developments are examined, including rage finders and designators, directed energy weapons, laser communications, and laser radar. Some of the military lasers that can be expected in the future are discussed.

Grossman, Jon

1991-07-01

427

Military laser systems - A costly search for ultimate weapons  

SciTech Connect

The military interests that have resulted in the creation of a rich diversity of military laser systems are discussed. Some of the more significant technological laser developments are examined, including rage finders and designators, directed energy weapons, laser communications, and laser radar. Some of the military lasers that can be expected in the future are discussed. 8 refs.

Grossman, J. (Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA (United States))

1991-07-01

428

2013 NASFAA 1 Military and Veterans Tips Tip Sheet for  

E-print Network

© 2013 NASFAA 1 Military and Veterans Tips Tip Sheet for Military and Veterans Members of the military and veterans face unique opportunities and challenges in their quest to obtain a postsecondary-education veteran's benefits, you should include them in your response to Question 44, along with the value

Oregon, University of

429

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2012-07-01

430

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2010-07-01

431

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2014-07-01

432

A Guide for Military Families Page 1 RETURNING FROM  

E-print Network

at the National Center for PTSD, 2006 A Guide for Families of Military Members HOMECOMING The days and weeks after TREATMENT WORKS · COMMON THERAPIES USED TO TREAT PTSD · WHERE TO GO FOR HELP #12;A Guide for MilitaryA Guide for Military Families ­ Page 1 RETURNING FROM THE WAR ZONE Created by experts

Mahon, Bradford Z.

433

Military Recognition of Family Concerns: Revolutionary War To 1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the evolution of military recognition of family concerns from the Revolutionary War to the present, culminating in the development of a federally funded, worldwide network of military Family Centers. Demographic change played a large role in the military capacity to maintain itself as a dramatic influx of family members during the 1960s and the need to maintain

Sondra Albano

1994-01-01

434

Foreign trade, military alliance, and defence?burden sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the trade and military relationship between two countries which have a common military enemy. The paper explains how the former two countries, which are military allies and trading partners, share the burden of defence against the third country. It demonstrates how the defence production of a country may hurt its ally because the latter country's terms of

1991-01-01

435

Finding Community: Helping Children of Military Families Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Envision the military family, being given as few as 30 days to pack, take their children out of school, leave their residence, settle in a new home, enroll the children in a new school, and take care of the myriad details for the military parent's relocation or deployment. Military families undergo this process over and over. The moves can affect…

Gomez, Daniel P.; Ybanez, Cindy

2012-01-01

436

Characteristics of the Social Status of Students at Military Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the motivations of Russian college students in military training centers and military departments, and cadets enrolled in military service academies shows that the first two occupy a marginal position. This is reflected in the ambiguity of their status and the fact that they are at the interface between two cultures, manifested in…

Karlova, E. N.

2013-01-01

437

Building Communities of Care for Military Children and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military children don't exist in a vacuum; rather, they are embedded in and deeply influenced by their families, neighborhoods, schools, the military itself, and many other interacting systems. To minimize the risks that military children face and maximize their resilience, write Harold Kudler and Colonel Rebecca Porter, we must go beyond…

Kudler, Harold; Porter, Rebecca I.

2013-01-01

438

Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 LCTA Database  

E-print Network

Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 LCTA Database Table Interactions Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 4 - 1997 Below is a list of analysis summary tables effected;Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 2 (+) PCSDPlotSum (+) TactConA PlotMast (+) Erosion

439

Recent research on permethrin-treated United States military uniforms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

History is replete with examples of arthropod-borne illnesses affecting the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our U.S. military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. A part of the system to protect military personnel consists of wearing permeth...

440

CANADIAN MILITARY FAMILIES: SEPARATION RESILIENCE AND PEACETIME DEPLOYMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military families face a unique lifestyle that brings with it a series of stressors not experienced by the general civilian population. These include frequent moves, adjusting to the military subculture, and family separations. Family separations are especially stressful, as military spouses and parents are deployed for peacetime missions and training. However, the resilience and strengths-based literature has shown that most

Irene Dieryck

2003-01-01

441

Cultural intelligence support for military operations  

SciTech Connect

It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

Guthormsen, Amy M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morgart, Ruth E [INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY

2010-04-08

442

American Eagle American Flyer  

E-print Network

9 16 17 10 8 7 6 11 5 4 3 3 2 1 $ $ $ 32 48 $ 34 35 36 37 38 39 33 55 59 50 60 40 $ $ American Eagle American Flyer High Point Kokomo Super Bee Copper Road Golf Course Drive Wheeler Circle Wheeler Place Uneva . . . . . . . . . . 41 Restaurants Blue Moose Pizza . . . . . . . . . 30 Bongo Billy's Coffees . . . . . . . 48 Camp Hale

443

36. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION CLOSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

36. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - CLOSE UP VIEW OF 1200 HORSEPOWER STANDBY POWER DIESEL ENGINE/GENERATOR SETS. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

444

37. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION ELEVATED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - ELEVATED VIEW OF FIVE (5) 1200 HORSEPOWER STANDBY - POWER DIESEL ENGINE/GENERATOR SETS. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

445

Military microwaves '88; Proceedings of the Sixth Conference, London, England, July 5-7, 1988  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present conference discusses topics in electronic warfare (EW) systems, military communications, antennas for satellite communications, IR lidar and surveillance, air defense radar, high electron mobility transistors and power sources, mm-wave radar, monolithic devices, phased and adaptive radar arrays, wideband circuits, printed and conformal arrays, signal processing, MMIC manufacture, target signatures, and EW subsystems. Attention is given to integrated naval EW systems, EHF for military satcoms, self-phased arrays for mobile satcoms, target acquisition with multispectral sensors, space-based arrays for air defense, solid-state power generation at mm-wave frequencies, diode-based MMICs, monopulse antennas, coplanar-waveguide supercomputers, high-power stripline corporate-feed networks, a systolic-array architecture for SAR processing, a ship IR signature model, mm-magnetron technology status, and RF beamforming techniques for large-aperture phased arrays.

446

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

447

77 FR 41782 - American River Power VIII, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of the proposed Upper Appleton Dam Hydroelectric Water Power Project...at the existing Upper Appleton Dam on the Fox River, near the city...Wisconsin. The Upper Appleton Dam is owned by the United States government and operated by...

2012-07-16

448

77 FR 41783 - American River Power VII, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of the proposed Lower Appleton Dam Hydroelectric Water Power Project...at the existing Lower Appleton Dam on the Fox River, near the city...Wisconsin. The Lower Appleton Dam is owned by the United States government and operated by...

2012-07-16

449

2. Photocopy of a photograph1921 VIEW OF ALL THREE POWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 VIEW OF ALL THREE POWER PLANTS FROM THE SOUTH - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

450

16. Photocopy of a photograph1921 EASTSIDE POWER PLANT LOOKING NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 EASTSIDE POWER PLANT LOOKING NORTH - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

451

An examination of the Gonorrhea Cases & Places study: An analysis of the Theory of Gender and Power, Situational\\/Environmental Variables Theory, and Sexual Script Theory as it relates to risky sexual behavior in African American adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purpose of the study is to provide a holistic depiction of behavioral & environmental factors contributing to risky sexual behaviors among predominantly high school educated, low-income African Americans residing in urban areas of Houston, TX utilizing the Theory of Gender and Power, Situational\\/Environmental Variables Theory, and Sexual Script Theory. ^ Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted via questionnaires

Mandy J Roberts

2007-01-01

452

Memorial Day 2012 For many Americans, Memorial Day has come to symbolize family gatherings and the start of summer.  

E-print Network

Memorial Day 2012 For many Americans, Memorial Day has come to symbolize family gatherings the privilege of serving in the military and at NASA, Memorial Day reminds us of what a special honor it is to uphold military traditions while expanding America's reach into the heavens. As this Memorial Day weekend

Waliser, Duane E.

453

Underserved: A Case Study of ROTC in New York City. A Report of the AEI Program on American Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The military-civilian disconnect has been a source of increasing concern over the last few decades. National security leaders--including the commander in chief, President Barack Obama--have warned that many Americans are unaware of the military's sacrifices and its growing sense of isolation from wider society. In remarks at Duke University in…

Miller, Cheryl

2011-01-01

454

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and the Foreign Military Sales program...of Defense Trade Controls is not required... (c) Foreign Military Sales Program...of Defense Trade Controls is not required...under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Program of the Arms Export Control Act pursuant...

2010-04-01

455

AN AMERICAN EMPIRE? It's the issue of the era. Has America's new power and authority in the world turned it into a rogue power? Or are  

E-print Network

asked four Australian scholars to respond from their different areas of expertise. 3 The Burden MICHAEL IGNATIEFF 7 A Brittle Optimism DAVID GOODMAN 9 The Burden of `Hyper-Power' NEVILLE MEANEY 11 Fear for any differential loadings for special groups of staff. Michael Darcy responds that the industrial

Marsh, Helene

456

Military Obligation and the Invididual, With a Focus on Conscription in the U.S. Teacher's Guide and Student Workbook. Third Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for high school seniors, this unit, consisting of a teaching guide and instructional materials for students, focuses on the nature and meaning of the obligation of an American to his country and himself in regard to military service. Cognitive objectives are to provide students with an understanding of conscription, of the Selective…

Bischoff, Steve; And Others

457

Attitudes of Youth Toward Military Service in a Zero-Draft Environment: Results of a National Survey Conducted in November 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study, fourth in a series of reports on the attitudes of youth, analyzed the 1972 results of a continuing Department of Defense national survey aimed at studying the enlistment motivation and attitudes toward military service of American youth. A total of 1,924 male youths, aged 16 to 21 years, were interviewed during a period of low draft…

Fisher, Allan H., Jr.; DiSario, Martha R.

458

Current directions in military health-care provider resilience.  

PubMed

After more than a decade of war, the US military continues to place significant emphasis on psychological health and resilience. While research and programs that focus on the broader military community's resilience continue to emerge, less is known about and until recently little focus has been placed on military medical provider resilience. In this article, we review the literature on military medical provider resilience, provide an overview of the programmatic and technological advances designed to sustain and develop military medical provider resilience, and finally offer recommendations for future research. PMID:25617036

Lester, Paul B; Taylor, Lauren C; Hawkins, Stacy Ann; Landry, Lisa

2015-02-01

459

Ultracompact pulsed power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Now more than ever, the pulsed power field is driven by size, weight, and volume constraints. In both the military and commercial arenas, there is an overwhelming need to provide more and more capability in ever smaller and lighter packages. The need for higher energy density, power density, reliability, and efficiency is driving progress in the field. This paper provides

MICHAEL V. FAZIO; HUGH C. KIRBIE

2004-01-01

460

A liquid overfeeding military air conditioner with a quench valve  

SciTech Connect

A 3.3-ton rated military air-conditioning unit has been studied experimentally for baseline and liquid overfeeding (LOF) operation. The tests before any modification, using the nameplate-specified refrigerant charge, showed the measured cooling capacity to be less than 1% off the rated capacity at 95 F (35 C) ambient temperature. The test results, after modification, indicate that LOF operation outperforms the baseline case over a wide ambient temperature range in terms of cooling capacity, power consumption, and system coefficient of performance (COP). At a 95 F (35 C) test point, LOF operation has a cooling capacity of 51,100 Btu per hour, which is an 18% improvement over the baseline operation capacity of 42,500 Btu per hour. The COP for LOF at 95 F (35 C) is 2.62, which is 29% better than the baseline COP of 2.03. However, an optimal refrigerant charge is essential for LOF to work properly.

Mei, V.C.; Chen, F.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bolton, C.W. [Army CECOM RD and E Center, Fort Belvoir, VA (United States)

1997-12-31

461

American Association of Engineering Societies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1980, the American Association of Engineering Societies (AAES) convened for the first time, hoping to become the voice of the engineering profession in the United States. Today, the primary goal of AAES is to advance the knowledge, understanding, and practice of engineering. On the website, visitors can make their way through six primary sections, including News, Meetings/Events, Publications, and Resources. This last area is a great place to start, as it contains instructional and professional videos from different related groups, including the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Society of American Military Engineering. The Working Groups/Committees area includes information on how different affinity groups (such as the K-12 Working Group) are assisting in advancing the cause of the engineering disciplines. The site is rounded out by the News area, which includes updates about the Association's latest partnerships and outreach efforts.

462

Military sexual trauma: a silent syndrome.  

PubMed

This article examines an age-old problem-sexual assault-through the lens of its occurrence within the military culture. Specific cases as well as U.S. Department of Defense responses to better handle these issues are offered to educate psychiatric-mental health nurses of the potential differences in symptomatology and presentation of military sexual trauma (MST). This appears to be an increasing problem with the predicted cohort of returning veterans appearing both in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs system as well as in civilian locations, hospitals, community centers, and especially the workplace. It will be critical to develop training materials and pursue further research to identify this silent syndrome of MST to better meet the needs of our returning veterans. PMID:23330799

Burgess, Ann W; Slattery, Donna M; Herlihy, Patricia A

2013-02-01

463

Perceived demands during modern military operations.  

PubMed

Using a cross-sectional design, this study explored operational demands during the International Security Assistance Force for Afghanistan (2009-2010) across distinct military units. A total of 1,413 Dutch soldiers, nested within four types of units (i.e., combat, combat support, service support, and command support units) filled out a 23-item self-survey in which they were asked to evaluate the extent to which they experienced operational characteristics as demanding. Exploratory factor analysis identified six underlying dimensions of demands. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed that distinct units are characterized by their own unique constellation of perceived demands, even after controlling for previous deployment experience. Most notable findings were found when comparing combat units to other types of units. These insights can be used to better prepare different types of military units for deployment, and support them in the specific demands they face during deployment. PMID:23820344

Boermans, Sylvie M; Kamphuis, Wim; Kamhuis, Wim; Delahaij, Roos; Korteling, J E Hans; Euwema, Martin C

2013-07-01

464

The Soviet Union: Political and military trends  

SciTech Connect

On July 20, 1989, the Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory held a workshop on The Soviet Union: Political and Military Trends.'' The morning session was devoted to a discussion of the magnitude of the problems confronting the Soviet Union, the political and economic reforms designed to address those problems, and the repercussions of those reforms on Soviet foreign policy and defense spending. In the afternoon session, the Soviet view of the changing character of warfare, the technologies and force structures that the Soviets might develop and deploy to anticipate the battlefield of the future, and the role that conventional arms control might play in Soviet political and military strategy were examined.

Pilat, J.F.; Garrity, P.J.

1990-01-01

465

Management and routing protocols for military networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Net-Centric Warfare, in all of its forms, revolves around the Internet Protocol suite, using it as the foundation for data transfers. We briefly examine the origins of the Internet Protocol and its design philosophies, as well as the problems this design causes military tactical data systems and radio links. The DARPA Control Plane program's goal was to solve some of these problems; the program's work is covered in sections two and three. An important lesson from the Control Plane program is the ability to maintain much more knowledge, or "state," about networks than was previously thought possible. Given the new ability to maintain more state about both the network and the connections within the network, it is possible to manage military networks in a more controlled fashion than we have in the past. The last two sections of the paper explore a possible approach for more controlled and manageable networks, as well as some of the potential benefits.

Gibson, Timothy

2008-04-01

466

Military housing foam application and analysis  

SciTech Connect

Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in sustainable communities. This project consists of two activities conducted in Hawaii that focus on performance, integration and application of energy saving technologies. Hawaii has many energy challenges, making this location an excellent testbed for these activities. Under this project, spray foam technology was applied at military housing on Oahu and the consumption data collected. A cost benefit and operational analysis of the foam was completed. The second phase of this project included design, integration, and analysis of photovoltaic systems at a military community on Oahu. This phase of the project was conducted as part of Forest City's second Solar America Showcase Award.

Torres, J. J.

2012-03-01

467

Common aperture multispectral optics for military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent developments in multi-spectral detector technology the interest in common aperture, common focal plane multi-spectral imaging systems is increasing. Such systems are particularly desirable for military applications where increased levels of target discrimination and identification are required in cost-effective, rugged, lightweight systems. During the optical design of dual waveband or multi-spectral systems, the options for material selection are limited. This selection becomes even more restrictive for military applications as material resilience and thermal properties must be considered in addition to colour correction. In this paper we discuss the design challenges that lightweight multi-spectral common aperture systems present along with some potential design solutions. Consideration will be given to material selection for optimum colour correction as well as material resilience and thermal correction. This discussion is supported using design examples that are currently in development at Qioptiq.

Thompson, N. A.

2012-06-01

468

Student Use of Relational and Influence Messages in Response to Perceived Instructor Power Use in American and Chinese College Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine a theoretical model explaining the influence of instructor power (i.e., coercive, reward, legitimate, expert, referent) on students' relational and social influence communication behaviors (i.e., student affinity-seeking strategies, student behavior alteration techniques) across two cultures. Participants…

Goodboy, Alan K.; Bolkan, San; Myers, Scott A.; Zhao, Xing

2011-01-01

469

Ginseng, American  

MedlinePLUS

... have trouble sleeping, use American ginseng with caution. Schizophrenia (a mental disorder): High doses of American ginseng ... with sleep problems and agitation in people with schizophrenia . Be careful when using American ginseng if you ...

470

[Efficacy of pneumococcal vaccine in military units].  

PubMed

Pneumococcal vaccine Pneumo-23, used for specific prophylaxis of pneumonia and other pneumococcal infections, was tested in military training units of the North Western, Central and Far Eastern Military Districts. The vaccine used for immunization of servicemen, was shown to have high immunogenicity with no adverse reactions. In the training group of the North Western Military District the epidemiological effectiveness of the vaccine was particularly high a month after immunization and amounted to 83.7%. During the period between month 2 and month 5 after immunization pneumonia morbidity among the immunized servicemen was 6.12 times lower than among the non-immunized ones. In the training units of the Central and Far Eastern Military Districts, where the period of the formation of postvaccinal immunity coincided with the peak of the outbreak of pneumonia, the protective properties of the used batches of the vaccine could be observed as early as during the first month after immunization, which made it possible to recommend this vaccine for urgent prophylaxis in the foci of pneumococcal infection. During the period of 5 months the effectiveness of the vaccine with respect to pneumonia was 62.1-66.2% for all three districts. The effectiveness of the combined immunization of conscripts with vaccines Pneumo-23 and Vaxigrip with respect to pneumonia was higher (78.54%) and the index of effectiveness (4.66) was 1.58 fold greater than in monoimmunization (2.95). The epidemiological effectiveness of the pneumococcal vaccine was high also with respect to other pneumococcal infections: acute bronchitis, acute respiratory diseases of pneumococcal etiology, cases of acute sinusitis and acute otitis. The use of the vaccine for the immunization of servicemen yielded the economic effect equal to 92 US dollars per person. PMID:12886605

Zhogolev, S D; Mosiagin, V D; Demidovich, V U; Mel'nichenko, P I; Ogarkov, P I

2003-01-01

471

World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency has placed online the full text of its 1996 WMEAT report, a reference on military expenditure, arms transfers, armed forces, and related economic data for 172 countries over the 1985-1995 decade. The data is comprehensive, up-to-date, and accompanied by analyses and highlights. Users may also choose to download selected portions of the larger report, including Highlights and Country Rankings.

472

Military aviation: a contact lens review.  

PubMed

The military aviation communities have benefitted from the development of advanced electro-optical avionics systems. One drawback that has emerged is an increasing system incompatibility with traditional spectacle visual corrections. An alternative solution to the refractive error correction problem that some services have been investigating is that of contact lens wear. Since this much-debated topic is currently of command interest, a general overview of contact lens issues is presented as a framework for future discussions. PMID:2241737

Lattimore, M R

1990-10-01

473

Supporting Military Emergency Response During Hazardous Releases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is primarily intended for AFWA and other military forecasters. It explains the basics of how hazardous materials are dispersed in the atmosphere and how emergency responders and others model the transport and impact of the materials. The goal is to acquaint forecasters with the inputs needed for modeling and to encourage them to be proactive in providing their site-specific knowledge to improve dispersion predictions.

COMET

2006-10-16

474

Military diving training improved arterial compliance.  

PubMed

This study was aimed at investigating whether repeated SCUBA diving might induce long term cardiovascular and autonomic modifications. In 11 military mine clearance diving students, arterial compliance (ultrasound scan study of brachial artery and ratio of stroke volume to pulse pressure: SV/PP), resting spectral analyses of heart rate and blood pressure variability, and a cold pressor test were performed before and after a 15-week military diving training course. After the diving training, arterial compliance was improved, as indicated by the significant increase in brachial arterial compliance (from 24+/-10 to 37+/-14 ml.mmHg (-1)) and SV/PP (from 1.7+/-0.2 to 1.9+/-0.2 ml.mmHg (-1)), and by the significant decrease in systolic, diastolic and pulse pressures (from 130+/-8 to 120+/-7; from 71+/-4 to 67+/-4; and from 58+/-8 to 53+/-5 mmHg, respectively). The peak oxygen uptake increased significantly from 54.3+/-2.0 to 56.8+/-4.0 mL.kg (-1).min (-1). Finally, the vasoconstrictive response during the cold pressor test increased (p<0.05). These findings point to a positive effect of a 15-week military diving training course on vascular function, and for a concomitant development of some peripheral vascular acclimatization to cold. PMID:19199199

Mourot, L; Golé, Y; Louge, P; Fontanari, P; Regnard, J; Boussuges, A

2009-06-01

475

Urban African-American males' perceptions of condom use, gender and power, and HIV/STD prevention program.  

PubMed Central

The overall goal of the research project was to develop, administer and assess a brief male-focused condom promotion program for inner-city young adult African-American males. To achieve that goal, we conducted a formative study consisting of both quantitative and qualitative research methods. For the qualitative component, which was guided by the relevant tenets of the social cognitive theory and the stages of change model, a series of focus group discussions was conducted among the target population based upon a thematic topic guide that covered three broad areas: young men's perceptions of condom use relative to pregnancy and HIV/sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention, gender-based issues surrounding condom use, and potential guidelines for the development of customized condom promotion programs. Those focus group discussions were audiotaped and the transcribed data summarized and analyzed based on those thematic topics. The findings revealed that respondents were more likely to assume that they know the risk behaviors of their sexual partners, more likely to consider pregnancy as a socially desirable outcome, more likely to control condom use within relationship dynamics and sexual contexts, and also more likely to provide suggestions on suitable components for program development. The implications and limitations of those findings from this qualitative component of the project are herein described, including potential recommendations for program development. PMID:18229776

Kennedy, Stephen B.; Nolen, Sherry; Applewhite, Jeffrey; Waiter, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

476

Report to the American Physical Society of the Study Group on Radionuclide Release From Severe Accidents at Nuclear Power Plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The release of radioiodine during the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident was more than an order of magnitude smaller than what had been predicted from analyses of hypothetical nuclear accidents. The Reactor Safety Study of 1975 (RSS), which carried out the analyses, is a fundamental factor in formulating regulations concerned with such accidents. This American Physical Society (APS) study group report is a result of the obvious need to reevaluate the RSS analysis of the “source term,” that is, the amount of various radionuclides that are predicted to be emitted under various reactor failure scenarios.The report includes an introductory background to the history of nuclear reactor accidents and accident studies and to the health aspects of radionuclide releases. It then describes nuclear reactors and reactor failure modes, including reasonably detailed descriptions of particular modes thought to be especially critical. The most extensive discussion concerns the chemical and physical processes important in the generation, transport, and release of radionuclides. The large computer codes used to model these processes are considered and evaluated. The results of some of the computer runs are examined in the light of a simplified but informative model to evaluate those features of an accident that are most likely to affect the source term. A review of the research programs currently underway precedes both the study group conclusions about the need to revise the source terms from those in the RSS and recommendations for further studies that are necessary to better evaluate the source term.

Shaw, George

477

Concussions and the military: issues specific to service members.  

PubMed

Since October 2001, more than 1.6 million American military service members have deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan in the Global War on Terrorism. It is estimated that between 5% and 35% of them have sustained a concussion, also called mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), during their deployment. Up to 80% of the concussions experienced in theater are secondary to blast exposures. The unique circumstances and consequences of sustaining a concussion in combat demands a unique understanding and treatment plan. The current literature was reviewed and revealed a paucity of pathophysiological explanations on the nature of the injury and informed treatment plans. However, through observation and experience, a theoretical but scientifically plausible model for why and how blast injuries experienced in combat give rise to the symptoms that affect day-to-day function of service members who have been concussed has been developed. We also are able to offer treatment strategies based on our evaluation of the current literature and experience to help palliate postconcussive symptoms. The purpose of this review is to elucidate common physical, cognitive, emotional, and situational challenges, and possible solutions for this special population of patients who will be transitioning into the civilian sector and interfacing with health professionals. There is a need for further investigation and testing of these strategies. PMID:22035680

Rigg, John L; Mooney, Scott R

2011-10-01

478

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2010-07-01

479

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2012-01-01

480

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2011-01-01

481

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2014-01-01

482

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2013-07-01

483

Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space station requires an increase in power or energy of at least several orders of magnitude compared to previous space missions. With the requirement up in the range of 10 kilowatt hours, this obviiously requires the development of new technology. Although the power area is very well integrated in the spacecraft itself, it represents a diverse set of components necessary for energy conversion, electronics, and energy distribution. Considerable work is ongoing at NASA Lewis in the power devices development area, including transformers, large area solid-state chips, transistors, and fast recovery diodes. This work is oriented toward eventual application to both AC and DC power conversion approaches. In the energy storage area, there are many options available to fit into the space station representing various degrees of risk and leverage combination, such as the near-term integral-pressure-vessel nickel hydrogen battery, an advanced Ni-H2 battery concept, and the regenrative hydrogen-oxygen system utilizing essentially the Shuttle orbiter type of fuel cell.

Corbett, R.

1984-01-01

484

The military physician and contested medical humanitarianism: a dueling identity?  

PubMed

A critical issue in the study of humanitarianism is who counts as a medical humanitarian. Military physicians are often characterized as caught between the potentially incompatible roles of physician and military professional. Medical NGOs, such as Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), have also vociferously rejected military medical humanitarianism: questioning the mandate, skills, and appropriateness of military involvement in humanitarian medicine as well as the potential impact on 'humanitarian space'. Yet many military doctors contest this. Consequently this study examines the ways in which primarily British military physicians identify and manage their identities as both medical humanitarians and soldiers. The research utilized a mixed method, grounded theory approach involving systematic document searches/expert identification of a core literature of 300 policy and peer reviewed documents, plus grey literature and 53 formal medical post operational reports from units serving in Iraq and Afghanistan between 2004 and 2012. Semi structured interviews involved purposive sampling (34 respondents) ranging from a former Surgeon General to more junior staff. Methods also included an analysis of the original data and literature from the 2003 Medical Services Delphi study (involving an additional 40 experts and an extensive literature review) on military medical identity/future roles as well as direct observation of military doctors in Iraq and Afghanistan (two, 2 month research trips). The research concluded that military physicians conceived of themselves as autonomous medical humanitarians with an individual morality rooted in civilian medical ethics that facilitated resistance to the potentially hegemonic military identity. Nevertheless military physicians were part of a medical organization with fundamentally different priorities from those of civilian humanitarian physicians. Furthermore, the perceived emergence of multiple civilian 'humanitarianisms' has legitimated a space for the military physician alongside other variants of humanitarianism. This study contributes to the growing body of work on the self-identity of health professionals as humanitarians in conflict settings and demonstrates how the military medical identity fits into a fragmented civilian humanitarianism. PMID:24928172

Gordon, Stuart

2014-11-01

485

Science with a vengeance: How the Military created the US Space Sciences after World War II  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The exploration of the upper atmosphere was given a jump start in the United States by German V-2 rockets - Hitler's "vengeance weapon" - captured at the end of World War II. The science performed with these missiles was largely determined by the missile itself, such as learning more about the medium through which a ballistic missile travels. Groups rapidly formed within the military and military-funded university laboratories to build instruments to investigate the Earth's upper atmosphere and ionosphere, the nature of cosmic radiation, and the ultraviolet spectrum of the Sun. Few, if any, members of these research groups had prior experience or demonstrated interests in atmospheric, cosmic-ray, or solar physics. Although scientific agendas were at first centered on what could be done with missiles and how to make ballistic missile systems work, reports on techniques and results were widely publicized as the research groups and their patrons sought scientific legitimacy and learned how to make their science an integral part of the national security state. The process by which these groups gained scientific and institutional authority was far from straightforward and offers useful insight both for the historian and for the scientist concerned with how specialties born within the military services became part of post-war American science.

Devorkin, David H.

486

Mortality of first world war military personnel: comparison of two military cohorts  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify the impact of the first world war on the lifespan of participating military personnel (including in veterans who survived the war). Design Comparison of two cohorts of military personnel, followed to death. Setting Military personnel leaving New Zealand to participate in the first world war. Participants From a dataset of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, we randomly selected participants who embarked on troopships in 1914 and a comparison non-combat cohort who departed on troopships in late 1918 (350 in each group). Main outcome measures Lifespan based on dates of birth and death from a range of sources (such as individual military files and an official database of birth and death records). Results A quarter of the 1914 cohort died during the war, with deaths from injury predominating (94%) over deaths from disease (6%). This cohort had a significantly shorter lifespan than the late 1918 “non-combat” cohort, with median ages of death being 65.9 versus 74.2, respectively (a difference of 8.3 years shown also in Kaplan-Meier survival curves, log rank P<0.001). The difference for the lifespan of veterans in the postwar period was more modest, with median ages of death being 72.6 versus 74.3, respectively (a difference of 1.7 years, log rank P=0.043). There was no evidence for differences between the cohorts in terms of occupational class, based on occupation at enlistment. Conclusions Military personnel going to the first world war in 1914 from New Zealand lost around eight years of life (relative to a comparable military cohort). In the postwar period they continued to have an increased risk of premature death. PMID:25516379

Clement, Christine; Summers, Jennifer A; Bannister, John; Harper, Glyn

2014-01-01

487

MILITARY TRAINING EFFECTS ON TERRESTRIAL AND AQUATIC COMMUNITIES ON A GRASSLAND MILITARY INSTALLATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Understanding,the link between,terrestrial and aquatic systems,is important because,disturbance,to terrestrial systems,may,also influence stream,processes. Military training lands provide,a unique,opportunity,to examine,the influence of large-scale dis- turbance,on,terrestrial and,aquatic,communities,in the absence,of other anthropogenic disturbances (e.g., agriculture, urbanization). The objective of this study was to determine the effects of past mechanized,infantry training on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem,prop- erties on Fort Riley Military Reservation,in northeastern,Kansas. We

Michael C. Quist; Philip A. Fay; Christopher S. Guy; Alan K. Knapp; Brett N. Rubenstein

2003-01-01

488

Military Applications: Human Factors Aspects of Speech-Based Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a When considering military applications of speech-based interactive systems, there are some which are specific to the military\\u000a domain, and some which are more general, for example, office-type applications (dictation, directory and information enquiries;\\u000a see Jokinen [23]) and training. The emphasis in the chapter is on the more specific military applications although some of\\u000a the general applications are discussed. Two key

Jan M. Noyes; Ellen Haas

489

Role of the operator in nuclear power plants as determined from a survey of the North American nuclear community  

SciTech Connect

Results of an empirical survey, one of the first to deal with the Role of the Operator in nuclear power plants in North America, are presented. The survey showed that the theoretical match between operators' responsibility and control (written definition of role'') is not supported by the numerical evaluations of these two concepts. Across a dimension from existing to advanced reactors, there is increasingly a shift from hands-on manipulation and readout-by-readout information integration by the operators to a role in which the operator is a passive monitor whose primary task is to give permissives to the automated control system. There is a decreasing degree of control for operators, while responsibility remains high. Decreased control coupled with high responsibility may create shift operating staff problems.

Spelt, P.F.

1993-01-01

490

Role of the operator in nuclear power plants as determined from a survey of the North American nuclear community  

SciTech Connect

Results of an empirical survey, one of the first to deal with the Role of the Operator in nuclear power plants in North America, are presented. The survey showed that the theoretical match between operators` responsibility and control (written definition of ``role``) is not supported by the numerical evaluations of these two concepts. Across a dimension from existing to advanced reactors, there is increasingly a shift from hands-on manipulation and readout-by-readout information integration by the operators to a role in which the operator is a passive monitor whose primary task is to give permissives to the automated control system. There is a decreasing degree of control for operators, while responsibility remains high. Decreased control coupled with high responsibility may create shift operating staff problems.

Spelt, P.F.

1993-03-01

491

End-to-end military pain management  

PubMed Central

The last three years have seen significant changes in the Defence Medical Services approach to trauma pain management. This article seeks to outline these changes that have occurred at every level of the casualty's journey along the chain of evacuation, from the point of injury to rehabilitation and either continued employment in the Services or to medical discharge. Particular attention is paid to the evidence for the interventions used for both acute pain and chronic pain management. Also highlighted are possible differences in pain management techniques between civilian and military casualties. PMID:21149362

Aldington, D. J.; McQuay, H. J.; Moore, R. A.

2011-01-01

492

Overview of military technology at NASA Langley  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Langley Research Center began addressing major research topics pertinent to the design of military aircraft under the egis of The National Advisory Council on Aeronautics in 1917, until 1958, when it passed under the control of the newly-instituted NASA research facilities system. A historical account is presented of NASA-Langley's involvement in the experimental investigation of twin-engined jet aircraft nozzle interfairings, thrust reversers, high-efficiency supersonic cruise configurations, high-alpha aerodynamics, air-to-air combat handling qualities, wing/stores flutter suppression, and store carriage and separation characteristics.

Sawyer, Wallace C.; Jackson, Charlie M., Jr.

1989-01-01

493

World military expenditures and arms transfers, 1989  

SciTech Connect

The report, the twentieth in the series issued by the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, is intended to serve as a convenient reference on military expenditures, arms transfers, armed forces, and related economic data for 144 countries over the 1978-1988 decade. It provides comprehensive, up-to-date, and accurate data, accompanied by pertinent analyses and highlights. The issue includes two essays, one on chemical weapons proliferation and US efforts to control it, and another on diversification of sources for Third World arms imports.

Not Available

1990-10-01

494

Polymer Fabric Protects Firefighters, Military, and Civilians  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1967, NASA contracted with Celanese Corporation, of New York, to develop a line of PBI textiles for use in space suits and vehicles. In 2005, the PBI fiber and polymer business was sold to PBI Performance Products Inc., of Charlotte, North Carolina, under the ownership of the InterTech Group, of North Charleston, South Carolina. PBI Performance Products now offers two distinct lines: PBI, the original heat and flame resistant fiber; and Celazole, a family of high-temperature PBI polymers available in true polymer form. PBI is now used in numerous firefighting, military, motor sports, and other applications.

2008-01-01

495

Thermal guidelines for military electronic systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is recommended that a system-level multidiscipline, multiphase approach be taken to thermal management programs for military electronics. A successful program can be implemented by including thermal tasks and data requirements in the statement of work, involving contractor and procuring-activity specialists in periodic reviews and assessment of thermal program performance, and involving the thermal engineers early in the design phase. The tailoring of thermal management programs can provide a less costly, shortcut approach for implementing thermal/reliability design into a program.

Morrison, G. N.; Kallis, J. M.; Strattan, L. A.; Jones, I. R.; MacDiarmid, P. R.

496

Use of Ubiquitous Technologies in Military Logistic System in Iran  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is about integration and evaluation of RFID and ubiquitous technologies in military logistic system management. Firstly, supply chain management and the necessity of a revolution in logistic systems especially in military area, are explained. Secondly RFID and ubiquitous technologies and the advantages of their use in supply chain management are introduced. Lastly a system based on these technologies for controlling and increasing the speed and accuracy in military logistic system in Iran with its unique properties, is presented. The system is based on full control of military logistics (supplies) from the time of deployment to replenishment using sensor network, ubiquitous and RFID technologies.

Jafari, P.; Sadeghi-Niaraki, A.

2013-09-01

497

Loyalty for Sale? Military Spending and Coups d'Etat  

E-print Network

?s Contemporary Archives. They checked the accuracy of this list by consulting regional experts and resolving con?icting cases with information from the New York Times and Foreign Broadcast Information Service. More details can be found in Belkin and Schofer (2003... these new democracies been "bought" through the provision of generous military funding, or has the military?s role in politics changed? Democratization often has a large impact on the military, yet its role in this process has received little attention from...

Leon, Gabriel

2012-02-27

498

A review of cardiovascular risk factors in US military personnel.  

PubMed

As the civilian population exhibits increasing trends in major cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in younger age groups, the US military is observing similar trends. These worrisome developments are seen even in young adulthood. Despite the need for a fit, combat-ready force, increases in CV risk are increasingly evident in the military population. This review provides an overview of coronary artery disease in the young and the prevalence of risk factors in the military population. With increases in current military operations in an acutely stressful environment, the role of stress and the manifestation of CV disease are also examined. PMID:18596497

McGraw, Leigh K; Turner, Barbara S; Stotts, Nancy A; Dracup, Kathleen A

2008-01-01

499

32 CFR 635.20 - Military Police Codes (MPC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting ...military operations, exercises, or missions when law enforcement operations are...

2010-07-01

500

32 CFR 635.20 - Military Police Codes (MPC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting ...military operations, exercises, or missions when law enforcement operations are...

2012-07-01