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1

The Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The mismatches between political discourse and military momentum in the American handling of the Cuban missile crisis are explained by using the model of the potential autopoiesis of subsystems. Under wartime conditions, the codes of political and military communications can increasingly be differentiated. Design\\/methodology\\/approach: The model of a further differentiation between political and military power is developed on the

Michael Deinema; Loet Leydesdorff

2009-01-01

2

The two faces of American power : Military and political communication during the Cuban missile crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Aims to explains the mismatches between political discourse and military momentum in the US handling of the Cuban missile crisis by using the model of the potential autopoiesis of subsystems. Under wartime conditions, the codes of political and military communications can increasingly be differentiated. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The model of a further differentiation between political and military power is

Michaël Deinema; Loet Leydesdorff

2006-01-01

3

Auschwitz and Anglo-American Air Power: Historical Debates and Military Capabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Perhaps the hardest fact for Holocaust historians, survivors, and observers to accept remains the West's non-use of direct military force to relieve Jewish suffering. The picture of American and British bombers clouding the Third Reich's skies has provoke...

R. R. Rice

1996-01-01

4

Technology and Military Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

After decades of investment in technology, the capabilities of the U.S. mil- itary are without equal. While the consensus is that no state has the military power to prevent the United States from achieving its military objectives, the country may not be prepared for the lesser crises that may dominate this century. The con- flicts in Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Serbia,

William C. Martel

5

Jewish Culture and the American Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study explores the Jewish experience within the American military. The history of military service by persons of the Jewish faith corresponds roughly to that of persons from many other ethnic or religious groups: military service has been a patriotic...

A. M. Goldberg

2006-01-01

6

War and Military Power Reconstructed - The Revolution in Military Affairs and the Global War on Terror as American Projects to Reconstruct the Constitutive Elements of War and Military power  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the demise of the Cold War the traditional sedimented foundations of estimating and generating military power within the international system became challenged. Simi- larly, the very 'essence' of war has undergone a change during the last two decades. As the probability of large-scale military invasion decreased significantly at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s, states had to come

Jyri Raitasalo

7

World Culture and Military Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

World culture shapes the way states generate military power: norms of conventional warfare provide the template for military organization, and norms of humanitarian law define what is morally acceptable in military operations. Sometimes, however, local strategic circumstances can challenge these worldwide technical scripts and moral codes for military action. Accordingly, this article advances an approach—cultural adaptation theory—that accounts for the

Theo Farrell

2005-01-01

8

Counterinsurgency: An American Political and Military Weakness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current American capability in counterinsurgency is analyzed by comparing past and present U.S. policy and military preparedness to operate within the revolutionary warfare environment. A comparison of U.S. policy and military capabilities is made concern...

D. P. Schattle

1991-01-01

9

Chinas Search for Military Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

How much military power does China ultimately desire? A close look at Chinese texts on military doctrine over the last decade reveals that Beijing’s objectives for the use of military power are more certain than many policy analysts maintain.

M. Taylor Fravel

2008-01-01

10

The American Military and the Far East.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This highly selective bibliography was prepared for use at the Ninth Military History Symposium on 'The American Military and the Far East' held at the United States Air Force Academy, 1-3 October 1980. The resources cited were selected to try and show ba...

M. A. Robinson

1980-01-01

11

The Military History of the American Revolution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The highly selective bibliography was prepared for use at the Sixth Military History Symposium on 'The Military History of the American Revolution,' held at the United States Air Force Academy 10-11 October 1974. Selections have been made primarily for th...

1974-01-01

12

The American Military and the Western Idea  

Microsoft Academic Search

American military leaders have a wide array of responsi- bilities that, at times, may seem difficult to reconcile. They are expected to win wars, to secure America's place in the world arena, and to fulfill their moral responsibilities to their soldiers, fellow officers, and the American public. I am going to argue that the continued success of the United States

Maj Thomas; J. Begines

13

Military Contractors & the American Way of War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contractors are deeply intertwined with the American military and U.S. foreign policy. Over half of the personnel the United States has deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2003 have been con- tractors. Their relationship with the U.S. government, the public, and domestic and international law differs from that of military personnel, and these differences pose both bene½ts and risks. America's

Deborah D. Avant; Renée de Nevers

2011-01-01

14

American Military Ethics: Stalwart in a Changing Society.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph explores the American media's influence on ethical military policy and attempts to understand the complex relationship between the United States' military, the American media, and U.S. policy makers in the context of a changing society. The...

J. R. Meyer

2011-01-01

15

Civilian Control and the American Military: Myths and Realities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines civilian control of the American military. It shows that a phobia about losing civilian control of the military establishment has been caused by the misinterpretation of two historical experiences, namely: the American experience of c...

J. B. Hamilton

1987-01-01

16

Recognition of Military Advertising Slogans Among American Youth.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military Services rely on two primary recruiting tools to reach American youth and attract them into the U.S. Armed Forces. One is the military recruiters themselves; the other is military advertising. The objective of military advertising is to creat...

W. Hintze J. Lehnus

1999-01-01

17

Limits of Military Power for National Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the post World War II nuclear-military arms race and claims that it is possible to define significant limits of military power for national security. Topics discussed include public opinion regarding the arms race, constraints on military power, conventional forces, checkmating conventional strategy, and the seriousness of nuclear false…

Melman, Seymour

1981-01-01

18

Satellite Power System (SPS) Military Implications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military implications of the reference satellite power system (SPS) were examined is well as important military related study tasks. Primary areas of investigation were the potential of the SPS as a weapon, for supporting U.S. military preparedness, a...

C. N. Bain

1978-01-01

19

Superterrorism and the Military Instrument of Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines superterrorism as a fundamentally new threat to US national security that requires reexamination of US policy for using the Military Instrument of Power (MIOP). The thesis is that examining superterrorism using contemporary war theory ...

J. B. Stubbs

1998-01-01

20

Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains…

Beyer, C. Kalani

2009-01-01

21

The Military in Latin American Sociopolitical Evolution: Four Case Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The political role of the Latin American military is analyzed in four case studies--Argentina, Peru, Colombia, and Mexico. Data came from printed sources and informal interviews. The research method relies on objective description of the phenomenon and re...

A. P. Maingot L. N. McAlister R. A. Potash

1970-01-01

22

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is written in response to numerous requests for war casualty statistics and lists of war dead. It provides tables, compiled by sources at the Department of Defense, indicating the number of casualties among American military personnel serving ...

H. Fischer

2005-01-01

23

Military implications of a satellite power system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

If a satellite power system (SPS), such as is described in the NASA Reference Design Report, were to be undertaken to provide significant quantities of power to the United States and perhaps to other countries as well, significant military implications would ensue. These would arise, first, from the possible uses of such satellites and supporting systems as weapons or as supportive elements of other military systems, and, second, from the necessity of ensuring the security of such important economic assets in space. This paper summarizes some of the highlights of an extensive assessment of the military threats posed by SPS, the vulnerabilities of the Reference Design SPS, and potential safeguards against these threats and vulnerabilities. It is found that no threat issues have been revealed which cannot be mitigated by a judicious combination of safeguards.

Vajk, J. P.; Stutzke, R. D.; Salkeld, R.; Driggers, G. W.; Stine, G. H.

24

Surgeons reconsidered: military medical men of the American revolution.  

PubMed

This paper assesses the reputation of British military medical staff in the 18th century, focusing on the character and professionalism of regimental surgeons and mates who served at the time of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Examining the careers and contributions of men such as Thomas Dickson Reide, Robert Jackson, and Robert Hamilton reveals that--in contrast to charges of ineptitude, laziness and dishonesty among military surgeons--the British army could count on a cadre of military medical men who were devoted both to their patients and to the advancement of their profession. PMID:21465843

Marshall, Tabitha

2010-01-01

25

Permanent Magnet Generators for Portable Military Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Army MERDC has a continuing program to develop and update a family of portable and/or mobile power generation sets for use by the United States military services. In the past decade, a number of new permanent magnet materials have been d...

E. F. Hammond A. E. King A. L. Jokl

1971-01-01

26

Military Capabilities and American Foreign Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can the availability of a rapid response capability lead the United States to intervene militarily in situations where, without those ready forces, the U.S. government would decide that military intervention was not required? Secretary of Defense McNamara said no; Senator Richard Russell said yes. After examining the basic approaches to weapons selection that led McNamara and Russell to opposite conclusions,

Graham T. Allison

1973-01-01

27

American Military Advisor: Dealing with Senior Foreign Officials in the Islamic World.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The book entitled 'The American Military Advisor: Dealing with Senior Foreign Officials in the Islamic World' is a comprehensive guide for American military officers assigned as advisors to regional officials in places very different from the United State...

M. J. Metrinko

2008-01-01

28

African American Women in the U.S. Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a comparison of black women with women of different racial and ethnic backgrounds and black men in the U.S. military. Developmental analysis is used to examine historical trends and to hypothesize about the future of black women on active duty. Although there is considerable scholarly literature on minorities (particularly African-American men) and women in the armed forces,

Brenda L. Moore

1991-01-01

29

Hybrid power technology for remote military facilities  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Defense (DoD) operates hundreds of test, evaluation, and training facilities across the US and abroad. Due to the nature of their missions, these facilities are often remote and isolated from the utility grid. The preferred choice for power at these facilities has historically been manned diesel generators. The DoD Photovoltaic Review Committee, estimates that on the order of 350 million gallons of diesel fuel is burned each year to generate the 2000 GWh of electricity required to operate these remote military facilities. Other federal agencies, including the National Park Service and the USDA Forest Service use diesel generators for remote power needs as well. The generation of power diesel generators is both expensive and detrimental to the environment. The augmentation of power from diesel generators with power processing and battery energy storage enhances the efficiency and utilization of the generator resulting in lower fuel consumption and lower generator run- time in proportion to the amount of renewables added. The hybrid technology can both reduce the cost of power and reduce environmental degradation at remote DoD facilities. This paper describes the expected performance and economics of photovoltaic/diesel hybrid systems. Capabilities and status of systems now being installed at DoD facilities are presented along with financing mechanisms available within DoD.

Chapman, R.N.

1996-09-01

30

China: a Growing Military Space Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last few decades, space has gained considerable importance in many facets of military operations. China has always believed proficiency in space technologies to be an essential ingredient of its overall national strength. Since its beginning, the Chinese space programme has had a definite military orientation. This article examines the impact of Chinese manned space missions and their investment

Ajey Lele

2005-01-01

31

Americans' Knowledge of U.S. Military Deaths in Iraq, April 2004 to April 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

Americans allegedly have an aversion to battle-related military casualties. Their estimates of military deaths may have influenced support for past U.S. military efforts. But what affects accurate estimates of military deaths in wartime? We review the accuracy of estimates for Iraq and three twentieth-century conflicts, finding that the public's estimates were more likely to be on target for Iraq. Then

Stephen Earl Bennett; Richard S. Flickinger

2009-01-01

32

American Public Support for US Military Operations from Mogadishu to Baghdad.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The support of the American public is widely held to be a critical prerequisite for understanding military action abroad. As shown in this report, however, the absence of support for military operations from a majority of Americans has not hindered presid...

B. Savych E. V. Larson

2005-01-01

33

A review of recent American military space operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

Day, Dwayne A.

1993-12-01

34

Military Tribunals and the Separation of Powers  

Microsoft Academic Search

On November 13, 2001, President George W. Bush issued an executive order which provided for the creation of military tribunals for the trial of persons responsible for terrorist attacks against the United States and its overseas agencies. The order was in response to the attacks on September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center in New York City and the

Gerard J. Clark

2002-01-01

35

Distribution of Power, Power Transitions and Military R & D Effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

States seeking greater security in a risky international environment have available to them a limited array of options to pursue. They can seek the protections of allies, they can engage in military and armament build-ups, and they can pursue the advantages in developing superior military technology. To some extent then military research and development is substitutable for arms acquisition. What

Vally Koubi; David Lalman

36

Dereliction of Duty Redux?: Post-Iraq American Civil-Military Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The protracted war in Iraq has exacerbated existing tensions and dysfunctional elements inherent in American civil-military relations. Many in the national security community were worried that civil-military relations were far from satisfactory well before the war.11Richard H. Kohn, “Out of Control: The Crisis in Civil-Military Relations,”The National Interest, Spring 1994, pp. 3-17; A. J. Bacevich, “Civilian Control, A Useful Fiction?”Joint

Frank G. Hoffman

2008-01-01

37

The return of the American military to crewed spaceflight: Hypersonic and other visions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1950s, crewed spaceflight has been the province of NASA, a decision reaffirmed in the 1960s with the cancellation of all military projects which might have competed. That understanding has driven American space policy since that time despite the fact that the military has not given up its dream of crewed spaceflight. Over the past decade, that division of

Roger Handberg; Joan Johnson-Freese

1997-01-01

38

American Soldier after the Cold War: Towards a Post-Modern Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The hallmark of the modern military was that of an institution legitimated in terms of values and norms based on a purpose transcending individual self-interest in favor of a presumed higher good. Members of the American military were often seen as follow...

C. Moskos

1998-01-01

39

Other Clash of Civilizations: Samuel Huntington and American Civil Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work examines three American civil-military relationships using two frameworks presented by Huntington. Huntington s frames illustrate more clearly how the relationships in these three presidential administrations Wilson, Truman, and Johnson function...

B. J. Dodd

2012-01-01

40

Description of 'Profile of American Youth' Data for Military Manpower and Personnel Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The success of any military organization in accomplishing its mission depends largely on the quality of the personnel who constitute the organization. The National Longitudinal Survey (NLS) and the Profile of American Youth (1980 Nationwide Administration...

T. V. Johnson

1983-01-01

41

American Public Support for US Military Operations from Mogadishu to Baghdad. Technical Appendixes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains the technical appendixes for a study that describes American public opinion toward the use of military force in support of the global war on terrorism (GWOT), delineates the sources of support and opposition, and identifies potentia...

E. V. Larson B. Savych

2005-01-01

42

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics, February 26, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is written in response to numerous requests for war casualty statistics and lists of war dead. It provides tables, compiled by sources at the Department of Defense (DOD), indicating the number of casualties among American military personnel se...

A. Leland M. J. Oboroceanu

2010-01-01

43

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics. Updated May 14, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is written in response to numerous requests for war casualty statistics and lists of war dead. It provides tables, compiled by sources at the Department of Defense (DOD), indicating the number of casualties among American military personnel se...

H. Fischer K. Klarman M. Oboroceanu

2008-01-01

44

Military Alliances and Coalitions: Going to War without France.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines American involvement in military alliances and coalitions. The research focuses on how history, foreign policy decisions, defense spending, and key allies have created and shaped the American military instrument of national power and m...

J. V. Zavarelli

2008-01-01

45

American Military and the Media: Historical Lessons and Future Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Media coverage of military operations has been around for centuries, and has evolved as much as the technologies and tactics with which war is fought today. It is also in the early origins of the military-media relationship that one can see the seeds of c...

B. D. Burns

2006-01-01

46

THE AMERICAN MILITARY ENTERPRISE IN THE INFORMATION AGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social and military effects of the ongoing information revolution occupy the thoughts of modern thinkers. From a social standpoint, the true believers hold that the current revolution in computing, telecommunications, and information technologies will profoundly remake our society, our democracy, and our daily lives. From a mili- tary perspective, visionaries within the U.S. military see in the new technologies

Carl H. Builder

47

Meaning and military power: moving on from Foucault  

Microsoft Academic Search

Michel Foucault’s analysis of military power, drill and the ‘docile body’ is fundamental to Discipline and Punish. It has been deeply influential but is in need of challenge. His account suggests that in the army the self is replaced by the automaton. Although there is deep individuation and increasingly local autonomy of action, there is also a passive dependence upon

Philip Smith

2008-01-01

48

Soviet industrial espionage against American military technology and the US response, 1930–1945  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1930 and 1945, the Soviet Union played a significant role in American domestic affairs. Although its agents’ infiltration of social movements and government agencies is well known, their parallel and highly successful practice of espionage against American industrial and military technology is less familiar. Washington officials were aware of Soviet spying, but mired in the Depression and then preoccupied

Katherine A. S. Sibley

1999-01-01

49

Ramgen Power Systems for Military Engine Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ramgen Power Systems, Inc. (RPS) is developing two high efficiency gas turbine engine concepts that combine many of the proven features of supersonic compression and expansion systems, commonly used in supersonic flight inlet and nozzle designs, with conv...

C. W. Sohn D. Brown D. Mahoney F. H. Holcomb G. Tamm

2007-01-01

50

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

51

American Women and the Military in the 20th Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents lesson plans and related materials for teaching about the role of women in the U.S. military from World War I to Desert Storm (the Gulf War). The lesson includes a table showing the number of women who took part in Desert Storm broken down by branch of service. Another chart shows the number of women who served in the…

Haas, Mary E.

52

Systemic Basis of American Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Eight years into the post-Cold War Era, however, wide areas of disagreement and even confusion over the nature of American power continue to exist in policy and academic circles. Consensus exists on a number of key points: the United States is the unchall...

E. A. Kraemer

1999-01-01

53

Crisis Management by Military Cooperation with a Small Ally: American-Israeli Cooperation in the Syrian Jordanian Crisis, September 1970  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bar-Siman-Tov, Y. Crisis Management by Military Cooperation with a Small Ally: American-Israeli Cooperation in the Syrian-Jordanian Crisis, September 1970. Cooperation and Conflict, XVII, 1982, 151-162.The aim of this study is to examine the American—Israeli military cooperation in the Jordanian-Syrian crisis of September 1970, as an illustrative case of crisis management by military cooperation with a small ally, in a situation

Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov

1982-01-01

54

The Integration of Spain into Europe and Its Effect on American Military Presence in Spain.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Beginning with the Pact of Madrid in 1953 and continuing with the Agreement for Mutual Cooperation in 1970, Spain and the U.S. moved to a bilateral mutually beneficial relationship. The basic exchange has been American military and economic aid in return ...

G. A. Ruskosky

1975-01-01

55

Reactive arthritis after Shigella gastroenteritis in American military in Afghanistan.  

PubMed

In Afghanistan in mid June 2011, 2 US Marines developed reactive arthritis manifested by conjunctivitis, urethritis, arthritis, and circinate balanitis. Their symptoms were preceded by an outbreak in their unit of gastroenteritis caused by Shigella species after ingesting contaminated chicken. Gastroenteritis has plagued military operations for millennia. This report emphasizes that personnel can develop reactive arthritis after bouts of gastrointestinal infections that are common in deployed environments. It is highly recommended to maintain vigilance in keeping reactive arthritis on the differential diagnosis in deployed personnel after bouts of gastroenteritis. PMID:22832290

Martin, Donald J; White, Brian K; Rossman, Michael G

2012-08-01

56

Militariality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay argues that the US is in the midst of a transformation from governmentality to militariality, a transformation achieving normalization with the official passing-into-law of the post-9\\/11 Homeland Security Act and the USA Patriot Act, and the coming-to-actuality of preemptive warfare with the US declaration of war against Iraq. The political regime, progressively acting directly on the civil register,

Robert P. Marzec

2009-01-01

57

Long Shot and Short HitChina as a Military Power and Its Implications for the USA and Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to evaluate China's military developments in recent years and explore the implications of its military advancements. The emphasis will be on the potential impact of China's current military growth on the USA and Taiwan. What are the unique features of China's recent enhancement of its military capability? Does China's military expansion signal a power transition for a

Wei-chin Lee

2008-01-01

58

Sea Power and American Interests in the Western Pacific  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many may consider sea power a key aspect of 19th century military strategy, the subject is still very much alive in the early 21st century. This recently published book from the RAND Corporation's David C. Gompert takes a close look into American sea power in the Western Pacific. The 216-page report is divided into six chapters, including "Technological Change," "Regional Maritime Security," and "U.S. and Chinese Interests and Sea Power in the Western Pacific." The report contains some interesting observations, including the comment that "The United States can exploit technology more boldly than it has previously to make its sea power less vulnerable by relying more on submarines, drones, and smaller, elusive, widely distributed strike platforms." Visitors can download the entire work, or they can click on the Key Findings tab to look over some of its basic conclusions. [KMG

Gompert, David C.

2013-04-26

59

Soviet Air Power And The Pursuit Of New Military Options. Volume 3. Studies in Communist Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Soviet leadership is acutely aware of the critical role of nonnuclear forces in the world balance of power and has since 1965 made a firm commitment to obtaining and exercising a full range of military options. While the momentum of Soviet military de...

P. A. Petersen

1979-01-01

60

Fighter Aircraft Foreign Military Sales: Industry Survival and National Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Foreign Military Sales (FMS) of over 2,200 F- 15, F- 16, and F- 18 fighter aircraft support the security assistance objectives of promoting democratic values, advancing peace, encouraging trade, countering transnational dangers, and fostering global s...

R. N. Peterman

1993-01-01

61

The United States after unipolarity: the American economy and America’s global power  

Microsoft Academic Search

America’s economic strength has long underwritten its leading role in world affairs. The buoyant tax revenues generated by economic growth fund its massive military spending, the foundation of its global hard power. America’s economic success is also fundamental to its soft power and the promotion of its free-market values in the international economy. Finally, prosperity generally makes the American public

Iwan Morgan

2011-01-01

62

Military Power of the People's Republic of China 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000, Public Law 106-65, provides that the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report on the current and future military strategy of the People's Republic of China. The report shall address the current an...

2007-01-01

63

Soviet military power: an assessment of the threat  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: the nature of the Soviet threat--Soviet national-security policies; Soviet foreign policy under Gorbachev; military resources allocation; Soviet strategic programs and space forces; Soviet conventional forces; an assessment of the threat--the strategic balance; regional and functional balances; research and development: the technological competition; collective security: our risks and responsibilities.

Not Available

1988-01-01

64

Promoting Health During the American Occupation of Japan The Public Health Section, Kyoto Military Government Team, 1945-1949  

PubMed Central

During the American occupation of Japan (1945–1952), young public health officers from the US Army Medical Corps were posted in local US Army military government teams. These young doctors (aged 25 to 27 years), who had not absorbed the strong anti-Japanese tradition of the US military during World War II, seem to have alleviated the initial resentment felt by the Japanese toward the new governors of their homeland. The case of the Kyoto Military Government Team illustrates the Kyoto citizenry’s positive view of some American-directed public health measures. The team’s services helped to counter widely held negative views on colonialism, occupation, and public health; lessened resentment toward the unilateral command structure of the occupation forces; and contributed to improved relations between the United States and Japan at the local level.

Nishimura, Sey

2008-01-01

65

Petty Despots and Executive Officials: Civil-Military Relations in the Early American Navy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a new nation, the United States lacked the long naval traditions of the other powers of the time, particularly Great Britain. When Congress created a naval force in 1794, the country had to rely on its first officers to form the traditions of the service and lay the foundations of the American Navy. These first officers bequeathed to their

Thomas Sheppard

2010-01-01

66

Optimization of Gallium nitride high power technology for commercial and military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Next generation commercial and military systems require high power amplifiers (HPAs) with superior performance such as higher efficiency, improved thermal performance, wider bandwidth and higher output power. Using an optimized 0.5 um, 48 V GaN-on-SiC process, a family of GaN power amplifiers are developed for applications in the frequency range of 30 MHz to 4 GHz and output power ranging

J. B. Shealy; M. Lefevre; B. Anderson; D. Runton; M. J. Poulton; J. Martin

2009-01-01

67

American Radio Works: Power Trips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under rules enacted in 1995, members of Congress are effectively banned from accepting any gift worth more than $50, though as this latest investigative radio series from the American RadioWorks team demonstrates, it would appear that members of the House or Senate are still taking many trips at no cost. Working in tandem with a group of graduate students at Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism, the team catalogued every privately sponsored trip taken by members of Congress since 2000. They discovered that more than $14 million was spent by universities, corporations, and other groups to take these influential persons to a variety of meetings, presentations, and other functions. On this site, visitors can listen to the complete radio presentation, along with obtaining information about how much their own representatives travel and who accepts the most money in trips. Overall, this site is quite informative and more than a bit provocative.

68

Mental health of Asian American and Pacific Islander military veterans: brief review of an understudied group.  

PubMed

The mental health of American military soldiers and veterans is of widespread concern; yet, there has been no prior review of studies on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) veterans. This article provides a brief, but comprehensive review of the mental health of AAPI veterans. An exhaustive literature search was conducted using the major medical and mental health literature databases. Of 13 identified articles, nine were empirical studies on either post-traumatic stress disorder among AAPI Vietnam veterans or health functioning of AAPI veterans based on national veteran surveys. Findings from these studies showed that some AAPI veterans who served during the Vietnam War encountered racism from fellow soldiers and race-related stressors were associated with more severe post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. As a group, AAPI veterans were found to be physically healthier than other veterans, but reported poorer mental health and were less likely to use mental health services. However, these findings were limited by the paucity of studies on AAPI veterans and suggest a need for more research on this subpopulation. PMID:23198528

Tsai, Jack; Kong, Grace

2012-11-01

69

Emerging Power: A Study on Asian American Political Candidates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asian Americans have often been associated with low political participation, but the recent electoral successes of Asian American political candidates suggest that Asian Americans may be emerging as a viable political power in the United States. Although some social science literature has addressed the electoral participation of Asian Americans, none have treated in- depth the subject of Asian American political

Lisa S. Tsai

70

Comparing the Performance of Native North Americans and Predominantly White Military Recruits on Verbal and Nonverbal Measures of Cognitive Ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the cognitive ability of adult Canadian First Nations (American Indian) aboriginals (N=101) living in remote areas to recruits (N=131) undergoing military training in the Canadian Forces. Comparisons involved both verbal and nonverbal measures: The Canadian Forces Aptitude Test (CFAT), Wonderlic Personnel Test, (WPT), Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and Mill Hill Vocabulary (MHV) test. All measures were

Michael Vanderpool; Victor M. Catano

2008-01-01

71

Proactive Forward Deployments: A Concept for U. S. Military Power Projection in the 1980's.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Projection of national power abroad will continue to be a US objective in the 1980's and the military strategy to support that objective will include forward deployment of forces. The Research Group examined the current trends and prospective realities wh...

W. A. Adams C. L. Comfort S. L. Demchuk W. J. Forrell R. W. Black

1975-01-01

72

High Temperature (250 deg C) SiC Power Module for Military Hybrid Electrical Vehicle Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, the authors present a line of newly developed high performance SiC power modules, HT-2000, for military systems and applications. The HT-2000 series of modules are rated to 1200V, are operational to greater than 100A, can perform at tempera...

A. B. Lostetter B. McPherson J. P. Kajs R. M. Schupbach T. McNutt

2011-01-01

73

Adaptive power amplifiers for military and commercial communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Architectures are discussed in which power amplifiers are able to vary their performance characteristics in response to changing output power levels, frequencies, load impedance levels and linearity constraints. Necessary elements for implementation of such systems are reviewed, including sensors to detect changes in the external environment, actuators to adapt the amplifier characteristics, and algorithms to implement the associated control functions.

Peter M. Asbeck; Dongjiang Qiao

2006-01-01

74

Adaptive power amplifiers for military and commercial communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Architectures are discussed in which power amplifiers are able to vary their performance characteristics in response to changing output power levels, frequencies, load impedance levels and linearity constraints. Necessary elements for implementation of such systems are reviewed, including sensors to detect changes in the external environment, actuators to adapt the amplifier characteristics, and algorithms to implement the associated control functions. An example is described of a power amplifier for cell phone applications that measures the load impedance provided by the antenna and varies its output impedance match accordingly, in order to preserve output power, efficiency and linearity as the external antenna is handled. The system automatically provides output tuning for a 1W linear amplifier, and can accommodate output standing wave ratios up to 8:1. It improves output power and efficiency by x2 in representative mismatch scenarios. The insertion loss of the system is comfortably low at 0.5dB.

Asbeck, Peter M.; Qiao, Dongjiang

2006-06-01

75

Design of new diesel-electric power supply unit for military vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a new designed diesel-electric power-supply unit developed for military purposes. The power-supply unit is divided to two main electric parts, (i) input part which is composed of a sensorless controlled active voltage source rectifier supplied by a permanent magnet synchronous generator, and (ii) output part which is composed of a four-leg three-phase voltage source inverter with a

Z. Peroutka; T. Glasberger; J. Molna?r

2010-01-01

76

Tinted Blue: Air Force Culture and American Civil-Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

If war is an extension of politics by other means,1 then civil- military dialogue is the birthplace of that extension. The logical continuity of politics and war requires a functional continuity of effective civil-military exchange. This effectiveness hin...

J. Donnithorne

2010-01-01

77

Still Pretty PrudentPost-Cold War American Public Opinion on the Use of Military Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending and further testing the theory advanced by Bruce Jentleson with post-cold war data, variations in U.S. public support for the use of military force are shown to be best explained by the principal policy objective for which military force is being used, with a third category of “humanitarian intervention” added to the previous two of “foreign policy restraint” and

Bruce W. Jentleson; Rebecca L. Britton

1998-01-01

78

Latin American Security Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document presents an underlying premise that there is no major guerrilla or Cuban threat in Latin America, although, the military will remain a central power factor in Latin American politics. United States preconceptions about the seriousness of the ...

L. R. Einaudi R. L. Maullin A. C. Stepan

1969-01-01

79

Military markets for solar thermal electric power systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Defense maintains an inventory of over 1,800 MW of engine-generators 15 KW and larger, with an estimated procurement rate of over 140 MW\\/year. Nearly the entire requirement could be met by advanced heat engines of the types being developed as point-focussing, distributed receiver power plants. A conceptual system consisting of a heat engine which efficiently burns liquid

J. S. Hauger

1980-01-01

80

Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.  

PubMed

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

2012-04-01

81

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish-American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

82

Americans and the Rise of China as a World Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid ascendency of China has attracted considerable attention from American scholars, policymakers, and media. Yet what does the American public think about the rise of China as a world power? In this paper we use survey data collected by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs and other organizations to explore the nature and causes of Americans' views. It turns

Tao Xie; Benjamin I. Page

2010-01-01

83

Other American Way of War: Unlimited and Irregular Warfare in the Colonial Military Tradition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation examines the evolution of an Anglo-American pattern of unlimited-irregular war over the colonial and revolutionary periods. War against noncombatants emerged as a central part of American warcraft in the seventeenth century. Starting wit...

J. E. Grenier

1999-01-01

84

Military experience strongly influences post-service eating behavior and BMI status in American veterans.  

PubMed

In-depth interviews were conducted with veterans (n=64) with an average age of 57 years to investigate eating behavior and food insecurity during military service and examine if it affects post-war eating behavior, and if this contributes to the high incidence of obesity found in veterans. About half of the subjects served during the Vietnam War, while smaller numbers served in WWII, the Korean War, Desert Storm, or other conflicts. The mean BMI was 30.5+/-6.7 kg/m(2). Only 12.5% of participants were classified as normal weight, while 37.5% were overweight, 46.9% were obese, and 3.1% were classified as excessively obese. Five major themes were identified including, (a) military service impacts soldier's food environment, (b) food insecurity influences eating behavior and food choices, (c) military impacts weight status during and post-service, (d) military service has health consequences, and (e) post-service re-adjustment solutions are needed to ease re-entry into civilian life. PMID:19013204

Smith, Chery; Klosterbuer, Abby; Levine, Allen S

2008-11-01

85

Post-Cold War Wargaming and the American Military Leadership Challenge.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the first decade of the post-Cold War era, the United States military engaged a surprisingly unfamiliar and unstable international community on a variety of fronts. In light of these engagements, the Department of Defense (DOD) enacted several init...

R. T. Culkin

1999-01-01

86

Communication and the Power of Native American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis focuses on the effects of the language of patriarchy on the power of Native American women, how these women have retained power in their own societies, and how an understanding of Native women's values can aid feminists. An examination of Native American women's literature provides a connecting bridge back to a time before patriarchy…

Torson, Dianna

87

Rage against the machine: The university-military-industrial complex and contemporary American culture and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how five late twentieth and early twenty-first century authors – Don DeLillo, Rebekah Nathan, Richard Rodriguez, Jane Smiley, and Tom Wolfe – use one of their respective books to reflect on and shape what has come to be called the University-Military-Industrial Complex (UMIC). Specifically, it explores how different literary works interpret, instantiate, challenge and attempt to reconfigure

Andrew Karl Koch

2008-01-01

88

Evaluating US soft power in Asia: military, economic and sociopolitical relationships between Asia and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The changing dynamics of international politics such as the expansion of the European Union, the growing importance of Asia, and the post-11 September environment have raised great concern about US soft power all over the world. At the governmental level, transpacific relationships may have encouraged military, economic and sociopolitical collaboration. The Asians' perceptions about US soft power at the individual

Myunghee Kim

2009-01-01

89

American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering-Military Collaboration: Bioengineering Challenges of Brain Trauma Conference.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On February 20, 2008, the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) held a meeting in conjunction with the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Commands Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) titled AIMBE-Mil...

J. Ayers

2008-01-01

90

Black American Radicalism and the First World War: The Secret Files of the Military Intelligence Division  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the National Archives released previously classified material regarding U.S. Army surveillance of African-Americans from 1917 to 1941. The documents relate primarily to the First World War and the immediate post-war years. U.S. Army surveillance of American citizens is not an especially startling revelation; however, what is remarkable is the fact that a principal officer charged with \\

Wray R. Johnson

1999-01-01

91

Winged Crusade: The Quest for American Aerospace Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography lists a selected portion of the McDermott (Cadet) Library's holdings on the American experience of manned powered flight during the twentieth century. Excluded are newspaper articles, most pictorial works, works dealing with lighter-than...

2003-01-01

92

Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War  

PubMed Central

How did geographic and occupational mobility after the Civil War differ between Union Army veterans and nonveterans? By 1880, Union veterans were more likely to migrate to a different state or region than nonveterans. The higher geographic mobility of veterans is likely attributable to their experience of traveling away from their hometowns while in service. Union veterans who held unskilled jobs prior to enlistment were more likely to move up to white-collar or farming jobs by 1880 than unskilled nonveterans. In contrast, unskilled veterans were less likely to become artisans than nonveterans. The differences in occupational mobility by veteran status might be explained by the effects of military experiences such as learning from comrades in the company.

2012-01-01

93

Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War.  

PubMed

How did geographic and occupational mobility after the Civil War differ between Union Army veterans and nonveterans? By 1880, Union veterans were more likely to migrate to a different state or region than nonveterans. The higher geographic mobility of veterans is likely attributable to their experience of traveling away from their hometowns while in service. Union veterans who held unskilled jobs prior to enlistment were more likely to move up to white-collar or farming jobs by 1880 than unskilled nonveterans. In contrast, unskilled veterans were less likely to become artisans than nonveterans. The differences in occupational mobility by veteran status might be explained by the effects of military experiences such as learning from comrades in the company. PMID:23275679

Lee, Chulhee

2012-07-01

94

“Censorship liberally administered”: Press, U.S. military relations in the Spanish?American War  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a reappraisal of press censorship during the Spanish?American War of 1898. The accounts of censors and correspondents written during or shortly after the war are compared to answer three questions: How did the censorship system work? What factors caused its effectiveness to vary? How did the press respond? The study argues that the war's most effective censors

Randall S. Sumpter

1999-01-01

95

Mexican Military and Political Transition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis assesses the future of Mexican civil-military relations. Mexico is unique among Latin American nations for its professionalized and depoliticized military. While the Mexican Armed Forces have shunned an active role in politics since 1940, they...

R. C. Bedingfield

1992-01-01

96

Military Culture. A Paradigm Shift?  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this study, Lt Col Karen O. Dunivin, USAF, examines social change in American military culture and explores the current struggle between the military's traditional and exclusionary combat, masculine-warrior (CMW) paradigm or belief system and the contr...

K. O. Dunivin

1997-01-01

97

Military Culture a Paradigm Shift.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines social change in American military culture. Briefly, the analysis explores the current battle between the military's traditional 'combat, masculine-warrior' (or CMW) paradigm of exclusion and the contradictory 'evolving' model of cultu...

K. O. Dunivin

1996-01-01

98

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Construction Electrician/Power and Communications Cable Splicing, 5-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum outline, instructor's guide, and student's guide for a secondary-postsecondary-level course in construction electrician/power and communications cable splicing are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages developed for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

99

Coercion: A Credible and Capable United States Military Instrument of Power Key to Future US Foreign Policy Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To employ a successful foreign policy that protects United States interests in the post-Cold War environment, U.S. leadership will need to use a consistent, credible, and capable military instrument of power to apply coercion. Recent attempts to coerce ot...

J. G. Pierce

2012-01-01

100

Consortium for Health and Military Performance and American College of Sports Medicine consensus paper on extreme conditioning programs in military personnel.  

PubMed

A potential emerging problem associated with increasingly popularized extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) has been identified by the military and civilian communities. That is, there is an apparent disproportionate musculoskeletal injury risk from these demanding programs, particularly for novice participants, resulting in lost duty time, medical treatment, and extensive rehabilitation. This is a significant and costly concern for the military with regard to effectively maintaining operational readiness of the Force. While there are certain recognized positive aspects of ECPs that address a perceived and/or actual unfulfilled conditioning need for many individuals and military units, these programs have limitations and should be considered carefully. Moreover, certain distinctive characteristics of ECPs appear to violate recognized accepted standards for safely and appropriately developing muscular fitness and are not uniformly aligned with established and accepted training doctrine. Accordingly, practical solutions to improve ECP prescription and implementation and reduce injury risk are of paramount importance. PMID:22071400

Bergeron, Michael F; Nindl, Bradley C; Deuster, Patricia A; Baumgartner, Neal; Kane, Shawn F; Kraemer, William J; Sexauer, Lisa R; Thompson, Walter R; O'Connor, Francis G

101

The use of deployable telehealth centers by military beneficiaries to access behavioral healthcare: an exploratory evaluation in american samoa.  

PubMed

Some U.S. Military Health System (MHS) beneficiaries face unique challenges accessing available behavioral healthcare because of the nature of their occupations, deployments to and permanent duty stations in isolated geographies, and discontinuity of services. The use of deployable telehealth centers such as modified shipping containers offers promise as an innovative solution to increase access to behavioral healthcare in remote and otherwise austere environments. The first telehealth modified 20-foot shipping container, known as a relocatable telehealth center (RTeC), was deployed to increase access to care for MHS beneficiaries on American Samoa. The goal of this study was to conduct an exploratory evaluation of patient satisfaction with and usability perceptions of this solution as a place to receive behavioral healthcare services. Twenty-eight beneficiaries participated in this evaluation. Results suggest that the RTeC is safe and private and ultimately an appropriate telebehavioral-originating site. These data provide insight into usability considerations and inform future research and deployable telehealth center development. Additionally, a brief discussion about potential cost offset is provided as cost efficiencies impact RTeC viability. PMID:23078182

Mishkind, Matthew C; Martin, Suzanne; Husky, George; Miyahira, Sarah D; Gahm, Gregory A

2012-10-18

102

Firearms and Political Power: The Military Decline of the Turkana of Kenya 1900 - 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article is a humble contribution to our understanding of traditional African militaries by trying to discern the significance of firearms in the political-military decline of the Turkana community of Kenya. Before the nineteenth century, the Turkana had a large army and commanded such great respect among their pastoral neighbours that they always provided the paramount chief. Their army was

NENE MBURU

103

Vaccines for military use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccines have long been used by military forces in order to prevent communicable diseases and thereby preserve the fighting force. A tradition that began with the mass vaccination of the Continental Army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution in the late 18th century continues today with routine and deployment-based vaccination of military forces against potential pathogens of

Andrew. W. Artenstein

2009-01-01

104

Military Pedagogy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term 'military pedagogy' is defined in the 1966 Soviet 'Officer's Library' Dictionary of Basic Military Terms as 'a field of pedagogical and military science investigating and developing the most efficient methods of communist teaching, military educa...

1973-01-01

105

Military coups and the consequences of durable de facto power: the case of Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the role of the military as an independent interest group within the State, based on the two-player theoretical\\u000a framework of Acemoglu and Robinson (Economic origins of dictatorship and democracy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge\\u000a 2006); we innovate by introducing the military as a third player, a specialist in violence. In particular, we study the conditions\\u000a under which a democratic

Aditya Bhave; Christopher Kingston

2010-01-01

106

Hearts and Minds: The Political and Military Effectiveness of the Rhode Island Militia in the American Revolution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The lessons for tomorrow may sometimes be found in yesterday's mistakes. This paper analyzes the political and military effectiveness of the Rhode Island militia during the Revolutionary War. Through careful study of the roots of Rhode Island and its mili...

G. A. Trogdon

1992-01-01

107

Incidence and epidemiology of spinal cord injury within a closed American population: the United States military (2000–2009)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study design:Cohort studyObjectives:The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) within the population of the United States military from 2000–2009. This investigation also sought to define potential risk factors for the development of SCI.Setting:The population of the United States military from 2000–2009.Methods:The Defense Medical Epidemiology Database was queried for the years 2000–2009 using

A J Schoenfeld; B McCriskin; M Hsiao; R Burks

2011-01-01

108

The South African Defence Force physical training programme. Part II. Effect of 1 year's military training on muscular strength, power, power-endurance, speed and flexibility.  

PubMed

The effect of the South African Defence Force (SADF) military training on recruits' muscular strength, power, power-endurance, speed and flexibility was investigated. In the entire study group, a significant enhancement by basic training was observed for the isokinetic muscular strength of the right elbow extensors alone (17% increase; P less than 0,05). Stratification of training responses on the basis of initial fitness levels revealed significant improvements with basic training for all measures of muscular strength, power, power-endurance and speed, but not flexibility, in the below-average fitness recruit. For all variables the training effect was transient and values documented on completion of 1 year's military training differed insignificantly from those recorded before conscription. In contrast, with the exception of elbow extensor muscular strength, fitness levels of the average and above-average recruits were not increased by basic training. While further research to assess physical requirements of various military work and emergency situations is needed to evaluate the desirability of this observed selective enhancement of recruit fitness levels during basic training, it is evident that greater emphasis should be placed on flexibility training, and physical conditioning after basic training. PMID:3961644

Gordon, N F; Moolman, J; Van Rensburg, J P; Russell, H M; Krüger, P E; Grobler, H C; Cilliers, J F

1986-04-12

109

Military Influence in Russian Politics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The tradition of the Russian and Soviet militaries has made them important elements in the political balance of power at this turning, point of history. The same tradition, however, requires that the military's political intervention be legitimized by a c...

M. Tsypkin

1992-01-01

110

The geopolitics of climate change: power transitions, conflict and the future of military activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change is emerging as one of the primary geopolitical challenges of the early twenty-first century, one that will likely involve military engagements and deployments in both traditional and non-traditional missions. Unlike mass casualty terrorism, climate change does not have a single galvanising event that can encourage collective mitigation efforts by both developed and developing states. International efforts to counter

Paul J. Smith

2011-01-01

111

Diseases of Military Importance  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Beginning with George Washington’s decision to immunize his army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution,\\u000a vaccines have traditionally been used as a primary strategy for the prevention of infectious diseases in military settings\\u000a (Artenstein et al. 2005). This chapter will highlight two vaccine histories involving diseases of military importance. The\\u000a history of epidemic typhus, caused by rickettsial

Alan Cross; Phil Russell

112

What's So "Powerful" about African American Children's Literature?: Let's Ask the Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines what educators and academics describe as the "power" of children's literature and multicultural children's literature, which includes African American children's literature. Explores what four African American third-graders have to say about the "power" of six African American children's books. Concludes with the patterns and implications…

Hefflin, Bena R.

2003-01-01

113

What's So "Powerful" about African American Children's Literature?: Let's Ask the Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines what educators and academics describe as the "power" of children's literature and multicultural children's literature, which includes African American children's literature. Explores what four African American third-graders have to say about the "power" of six African American children's books. Concludes with the patterns and…

Hefflin, Bena R.

2003-01-01

114

French Thought and the American Military Mind:A History of French Influence on the American Way of War from 1814 through 1941  

Microsoft Academic Search

The French Revolution had a tremendous impact on the social, political, and cultural development of the western world. Similarly, it had a revolutionary impact on warfare in both Europe and the United States. Although the U.S. had a distinctly British military tradition through the War of 1812, in the span of a single year, the U.S. Army adopted the French

Michael Andrew Bonura

2008-01-01

115

75 FR 16094 - Upper Peninsula Power Company; North American Hydro Holdings, LLC; Notice of Application for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Project No. 10856-079] Upper Peninsula Power Company; North American Hydro...24, 2010. On March 17, 2010, Upper Peninsula Power Company (transferor) and North...transferor Mr. Terry P. Jensky, Upper Peninsula Power Company, 700 N Adams...

2010-03-31

116

Immunizing against the American Other: Racism, Nationalism, and Gender in U.S.Icelandic Military Relations during the Cold War  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1951 U.S. -Icelandic Defense Agreement paved the way for a permanent U.S. military presence at the Keflavik base in Iceland, an outpost that played a crucial role in U.S. strategy during the Cold War. The article explores two gender-related aspects of the U.S. -Icelandic Cold War relationship:the restrictions on off-base movements of U.S. soldiers, and the secret ban imposed

Valur Ingimundarson

2004-01-01

117

Analysis of the Effects of Varying Male and Female Force Levels. Annex 2. Volume 2. A Dynamic Model to Estimate Availability for Military Service of American Youth, Age 18 to 23, through the Year 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An objective of the USAF Special Study Team is to document the changing number of enlistment age youth through the year 2000. A dynamic model estimates the availability (for military service) of American youth, age 18 to 23, through Fiscal Year (FY) 2000....

S. M. Morris

1985-01-01

118

Government Credible Commitment to the French and American Nuclear Power Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Backlash against nuclear power, although widespread, affected nuclear power programs differently in the United States than in France owing to their differing institutional setups. This article uses a transaction costs economics approach to examine government credible commitment to the French and American nuclear power industries. Positive political theory sheds light on the comparative institutional environment in each industry. The American

Magali Delmas; Bruce Heiman

2001-01-01

119

Military Exposures  

MedlinePLUS

... exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. Camp Lejeune Veterans and Families ... assessment for possible health problems related to specific environmental hazards Compensation Monthly compensation for military service-connected injuries, ...

120

Why Military History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

Bunting, Josiah, III

2008-01-01

121

Military Enlistment Propensity: New Directions for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the all volunteer force, the U.S. military has supported research to monitor, understand, and influence the propensity of American youth to enlist in the military. Interest in understanding determinants of military enlistment has increased since 1992 due to the shrinking size of the available youth cohort, competing demands for…

Legree, Peter J.; Pifer, Mark

122

Managing Latin America: US power, North American knowledge and the cold war  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: US Power, North American Knowledge and the Cold WarThere is now a substantial literature which seeks to situate the influential Latin American theories of development which emerged during the Cold War in their wider political and historical context. And there is a large number of articles which look at the North American historiography of Latin America and at the

Mark T. Berger

1996-01-01

123

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electricity and Electronics. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Module 30: Intermediate Power Supplies. Study Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This individualized learning module on intermediate power supplies is one in a series of modules for a course in basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Four lessons are included…

Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

124

Acute Stress Disorder in Diplomats, Military, and Civilian Americans Living Abroad Following the September 11 Terrorist Attacks on America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can expatriates witnessing the attack of their country from afar develop acute and posttraumatic stress reactions? In Brussels 50 expatriate Americans were surveyed in the 10 weeks following September 11. Of the sample, 10% (n = 5) showed acute stress disorder in the 1st week, and 4% (n = 2) persisted with traumatic stress indications in the following weeks. All

Anne Speckhard

2003-01-01

125

China as a nuclear power: its military policy and its role in world politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

With their current conventional weapons, it is impossible for the Chinese to check a Soviet invasion. And, given China's defense technology and the priority of economic development, the prospect of a rapid defense modernization is also not too good. More importantly, since China has changed from a revolutionary power into a status quo power, it can no longer lure the

1986-01-01

126

THE SCIENCE OF SHARING POWER: NATIVE AMERICAN THOUGHT AND BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native American cultures have, over thousands of years, identified cultural practices from which other cultural entities, behavior analysis included, may benefit. In this paper, the authors discuss confluences between the principle of shared power in Native American (particularly Pueblo) philosophy and contemporary behavior analysis. Intriguing and useful convergences were identified in the definition of power, recognition of connectedness and definitions

Christine T. Lowery

1999-01-01

127

Associations Between HIV Risk, Unmitigated Communion, and Relationship Power Among African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most new HIV infections among African American women are due to unprotected sex in heterosexual relationships. Women's scores on measures of relationship power and unmitigated communion (focus on others and exclusion of self) are associated with risky sexual behavior. We hypothesized African American women scoring low on relationship power and high on unmitigated communion would report greater risk for HIV

Kanika A. Harris; Larry M. Gant; Renee Pitter; Debra A. Brodie

2009-01-01

128

Military Power of the People's Republic of China 2008: Annual Report to Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

China's rapid rise over recent years as a regional political and economic power with growing global influence is an important element in today's strategic landscape, one that has significant implications for the region and the world. The United States wel...

2008-01-01

129

Military History, 1776-1782.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is given of the military action which took place in Georgia during the American Revolution, specifically the years 1776-1782. The pamphlet, one in a series about the American Revolution in Georgia, can be used for junior or senior high school students as supplementary reading or as a brief unit. A teacher's guide is included. Georgia…

Gurr, G. Stephen

130

Military Power of the People's Republic of China 2006. Annual Report to Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

China's rapid rise as a regional political and economic power with global aspirations is an important element of today's strategic environment - one that has significant implications for the region and the world. The United States welcomes the rise of a p...

2006-01-01

131

76 FR 74783 - American River Power II, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Project No. 14325-000] American River Power II, LLC...November 10, 2011, American River Power II, LLC...Corps) Olmsted Lock & Dam, located on the Ohio...from the Olmsted Lock & Dam, as directed by the...Mr. John P. Henry, American River Power II,...

2011-12-01

132

Military Discrimination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that while a certain level of fairness is necessary in considering the equity of compulsory military service, the most important issue is that of "winning the war." Also asserts that sex, age, and race discrimination are more important than social class discrimination in military service. (Author/GC)

Hunter, Richard W.

1981-01-01

133

Excerpt from Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (revised and updated edition)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the introduction to the revised and updated edition of Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, forthcoming 2008). The book challenges the dominant academic and popular approach to conspiracy theories, which views them as a paranoid, extremist expression of marginal groups and individuals that pathologically challenges the basic assumptions of American history

Mark Fenster

2008-01-01

134

Review of the American Nuclear Society Workshop on Power Plant Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The second Workshop on Power Plant Security, sponsored by the American Nuclear Society (ANS), was held during April 24-27, 1983, with very broad domestic and foreign participation. The workshop theme was Practical Implementation of Security at Nuclear Pow...

D. J. McCloskey

1983-01-01

135

7. Assembly Building roof, Power Plant (center), American BallBearing Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Assembly Building roof, Power Plant (center), American Ball-Bearing Company offices (left), looking west - Rauch & Lang Carriage Company, West Twenty-fifth Street & Monroe Avenue, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

136

Military Withdrawal From Government Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Typically, military coups occur in crisis situations. No matter whether the resulting military regimes can solve the problems which provided them the opportunity to intervene, or fail to do so, they will-almost inevitably-suffer legitimacy crises over periods of time. This dilemma forces them either to broaden the basis of their regime by sharing power with nonmilitary circles, or to retreat

Ulf Sundhaussen

1984-01-01

137

Sino-Soviet Military Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military relations between the Soviet Union and Communist China were never as close as many have assumed, and since 1960 they have been virtually nonexistent. The Chinese have accepted a penalty to their military power as part of the cost of challenging Moscow's leadership in the Com munist world. For the Soviets, the cost has been slight, though they have

Raymond L. Garthoff

1963-01-01

138

AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER'S CONESVILLE POWER PLANT UNIT NO.5 CO2 CAPTURE RETROFIT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

ALSTOM Power Inc.'s Power Plant Laboratories (ALSTOM) has teamed with American Electric Power (AEP), ABB Lummus Global Inc. (ABB), the US Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL), and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) to conduct a comprehensive study evaluating the technical feasibility and economics of alternate CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration technologies applied to an existing US coal-fired electric generation power plant. The motivation for this study was to provide input to potential US electric utility actions concerning GHG emissions reduction. If the US decides to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions, action would need to be taken to address existing power plants. Although fuel switching from coal to natural gas may be one scenario, it will not necessarily be a sufficient measure and some form of CO{sub 2} capture for use or disposal may also be required. The output of this CO{sub 2} capture study will enhance the public's understanding of control options and influence decisions and actions by government, regulators, and power plant owners in considering the costs of reducing greenhouse gas CO{sub 2} emissions. The total work breakdown structure is encompassed within three major reports, namely: (1) Literature Survey, (2) AEP's Conesville Unit No.5 Retrofit Study, and (3) Bench-Scale Testing and CFD Evaluation. The report on the literature survey results was issued earlier by Bozzuto, et al. (2000). Reports entitled ''AEP's Conesville Unit No.5 Retrofit Study'' and ''Bench-Scale Testing and CFD Evaluation'' are provided as companion volumes, denoted Volumes I and II, respectively, of the final report. The work performed, results obtained, and conclusions and recommendations derived therefrom are summarized.

Carl R. Bozzuto; Nsakala ya Nsakala; Gregory N. Liljedahl; Mark Palkes; John L. Marion

2001-06-30

139

The Powers That Be: The American Endeavor to Suppress Black Political Voices The Powers That Be 89  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the history of America, the suppression of black political power has taken numerous structural and institutional forms. But the most disconcerting is that which involves direct abuse of power by publicly funded government agencies. The American government has used silencing mechanisms involving espionage, framing, threats, forgery, and even assassination to \\

Eric W. Buetzow

140

American Cartographic Transformations during the Cold War  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great convergence of cartography, secrecy, and power occurred during the Cold War. In the American case, a complex series of interactions between secret and classified programs and institutions and their publicly accessible counterparts accomplished both traditional and novel objec- tives of military geographic intelligence. This process also yielded the World Geodetic System, a mass- centered \\

John Cloud

2002-01-01

141

Review of the State-of-the-Art in Power Electronics Suitable for 10-KW Military Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the technological opportunities of integrating power electronics-based inverters into a TEP system, primarily in the 10-kW size range. The proposed enhancement offers potential advantages in weight reduction, improved efficiency, better performance in a wider range of generator operating conditions, greater versatility and adaptability, and adequate reliability. In order to obtain strong assurance of the availability of inverters that meet required performance and reliability levels, a market survey was performed. The survey obtained positive responses from several manufacturers in the motor drive and distributed generation industries. This study also includes technology reviews and assessments relating to circuit topologies, reliability issues, vulnerability to pulses of electromagnetic energy, potential improvements in semiconductor materials, and potential performance improvement through cryogenics.

Staunton, R.H.

2003-12-19

142

Military communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since its introduction in the late 1990s, the concept of network-centric operations to enable information sharing has been a fundamental element of the vision of military organizations throughout the world. As the complexity of operational environments increases, military communications network technologies must provide key characteristics such as self-organization and decentralization, which will speed information flow and increase situational awareness. In

T. Maseng; R. Landry; K. Young

2010-01-01

143

THE U.S. MILITARY CHAPLAINCY, THEN AND NOW  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. military chaplains have engaged persons of diverse faith groups in various ways throughout American history. Before the American Revolution, chaplains tried to convert Native Americans to Christianity. As the United States military became more pluralistic and more engaged in conflicts around the world, chaplains sought to win the hearts and minds of the people in the area of operations.

John W. Brinsfield

2009-01-01

144

Suriname: A Military and Its Auxiliaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The official state military establishment of Suriname is small, numbering about 4,000 at its height in the mid-1980s. However, in order to consolidate their political power, sow terror, and gather intelligence, the military and its (then) left wing supporters augmented their forces with irregulars and auxiliaries. These were armed, funded, and coordinated by the military command, although not always answerable

Gary Brana-Shute

1996-01-01

145

Power-Gen `95. Book I: Electric power trends and strategies. Volume 1 - global electric power trends. Volume 2 - North American power industry trends  

SciTech Connect

This report is the summary of the PowerGen 1995 Conference for the Americas. It is in six books: (1) Book I contains papers on global electric power trends and North American Power Industry trends, (2) Book II contains papers on environmental issues such as regulations, compliance and operational strategies, and environmental technologies, (3) Books III and IV discuss current and future fossil fuel technologies, gas turbine technologies, and alternative generation technologies, (4) Book V discusses operations issues such as performance enhancement and O & M cost reduction methods, and (5) Book VI discusses information and automation technologies and plant betterment/optimization.

NONE

1995-12-31

146

NIST support of phasor measurements to increase reliability of the North American electric power grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of developing better tools for observing the status of the North American power grid is described. Focus is on the performance of the phase measurement units being deployed to give the raw data for this improved observability. How the availability of this information would have appeared during the August 2003 power blackout is described. IEEE is developing a

Gerard Stenbakken; Tom Nelson

2006-01-01

147

Comments on a military transatmospheric aerospace plane  

SciTech Connect

The conceptual design of a military transatmospheric aerospace plane candidate involves the selection of the mission(s), operating environment, operational concept, payload definition, specific design choices, and a close look at the technology base. A broad range of missions and concepts were reviewed prior to the selection of the mission and concepts presented in this paper. The mission selected was CONUS based global strike. The flight profile selected was a boost-glide-skip unrefuled global range trajectory. Two concepts were selected. The first was a rocket-powered design and the second was a combined air-breathing and rocket powered design. The rocket-powered configuration is a high lift-to-drag ratio modified lifting body. The rocket engine is an advanced dual fuel linear aero-spike. The air-breathing powered configuration is a modified waverider configuration. The engine for the air-breather is a rocket based combined cycle engine. Performance and technology readiness comparisons are presented for the two concepts. The paper closes with a discussion of lessons learned about military transatmospheric aerospace planes over the past twenty years. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Chase, R.L. [ANSER 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway Arlington, Virginia22202-3251 (United States)

1997-01-01

148

Lightweight superconducting generators for mobile military platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile military platforms impose severe restrictions on size, weight and efficiency of megawatt class power components. Severe shock, vibration and tilt requirements are additional limitations not required by commercial utility power systems. Many military power system restrictions and requirements can be met by application of superconductor technology only if the cryogenic containment and cooling are relatively transparent to the system.

Charles E. Oberly

2006-01-01

149

Power and Ideology in American Sport. A Critical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a critical perspective in examining how the dominant power interests influence sport and its role in society. It provides insights into how government, big business, the mass media, and educational institutions gain and maintain power and wealth while sport participants and spectators look to sport for enjoyment, creative…

Sage, George H.

150

A Strategy of Conservation: American Power and the International System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overarching strategic challenge facing the United States is revitalizing the international system so that the nation might conserve its strength and power even as the global environment shifts. The United States, which has been the primary beneficiary of a stable international system and remains its preeminent power, must lead and shape a process of adapting the international system to

Sarah Sewall

2008-01-01

151

Prime-power requirements for installations and military encampments. Version 2. 2 end-user manual. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Army uses prime power - large, mobile generators - in its rear areas to bridge the gap between commercial power and tactical generators because prime power is less vulnerable than commercial power yet demands less fuel and maintenance than tactical generators. The Engineering and Housing Support Center (EHSC) procures, operates, and maintains the Army's prime power requirements. Power Requirements

R. W. Salthouse; D. M. Brown

1991-01-01

152

Settler colonial power and the American Indian sovereignty movement: forms of domination, strategies of transformation.  

PubMed

The article extends the multi-institutional model of power and change through an analysis of the American Indian Sovereignty Movement. Drawing upon cultural models of the state, and articulating institutionalist conceptions of political opportunities and resources, the analysis demonstrates that this framework can be applied to challenges addressing the state as well as nonstate fields. The rational-legal diminishment of tribal rights, bureaucratic paternalism, commonsense views of tribes as racial/ethnic minorities, and the binary construction of American and Indian as oppositional identities diminished the appeal of "contentious" political action. Instead, to establish tribes' status as sovereign nations, tribal leaders aggressively enacted infrastructural power, transposed favorable legal rulings across social fields to legitimize sovereignty discourses, and promoted a pragmatic coexistence with state and local governments. Identifying the United States as a settler colonial society, the study suggests that a decolonizing framework is more apt than racial/ethnicity approaches in conceptualizing the struggle of American Indians. PMID:22594118

Steinman, Erich

2012-01-01

153

Manuscript Holdings of the Military History Research Collection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Army Military History Research Collection has a large and rapidly expanding manuscript collection. It covers the entire range of American military history from colonial times to the present. The Civil War, the Indian Wars, the Spanish-American Wa...

R. J. Sommers

1972-01-01

154

Understanding physician power: a review of The Social Transformation of American Medicine.  

PubMed

Paul Starr's 1983 book on how physicians emerged with the power and authority to shape American health care institutions is reviewed. Daniels contends that Starr's analysis has important philosophical implications because it demonstrates that the medical profession, perhaps blinded by its own ethic, egregiously violated the common obligation of all citizens to promote justice in the design of institutions. PMID:11654886

Daniels, Norman

1984-01-01

155

Transforming American Education Learning Powered by Technology. National Education Technology Plan 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Education is the key to America's economic growth and prosperity and to our ability to compete in the global economy. It is the path to good jobs and higher earning power for Americans. It is necessary for our democracy to work. It fosters the cross-borde...

2010-01-01

156

Transforming American Education Learning Powered by Technology. National Education Technology Plan 2010. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Education is the key to America's economic growth and prosperity and to our ability to compete in the global economy. It is the path to good jobs and higher earning power for Americans. It is necessary for our democracy to work. It fosters the cross-borde...

2010-01-01

157

Nonlinear adjustment to purchasing power parity in Latin American countries: the ADL test for threshold cointegration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applies a newly developed Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ADL) test for threshold cointegration proposed by Li and Lee (2010) to test the validity of long-run Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) for a sample of 15 Latin American countries from December 1994 to February 2010. Empirical results indicate that PPP holds true for most of the countries studied, with the exception

Guochen Pan; Tsangyao Chang; D. P. Tang; Chia-Hao Lee

2012-01-01

158

Technical Considerations Relating to the Use of Coal for Power Generation in American Samoa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This review focuses on apprasing the option of using coal for power generation in the US territory of American Samoa. The availability of Australian coal into the next century is almost guaranteed by the size of the Australian resource. This coal is about...

I. Y. Borg

1982-01-01

159

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

160

American Empire and the Western Way of War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the end of the Cold War, America has enjoyed a degree of world supremacy unknown to any other world power for more than a century. American military, political and economic influence is spreading throughout the globe. Scholars and foreign policy eli...

R. Schmidt

2003-01-01

161

Near-term capital spending in the North American power industry  

SciTech Connect

The article provides a snapshot of activity in the four distinct North American electric power generation niches - coal, nuclear, gas and renewables. Consideration of capacity and investment levels are a viable way of comparing growth trends. Coal still remains the fuel of choice for most new North American units. Between now and 2010 some 25 coal-fired units are scheduled to come on-line; another 246 units are in earlier stages of development. In 2005, spending on renewable energy development surpassed investment in gas-fired unit construction for the first time. 4 photos.

Burt, B.; Mullins, S. [Industrial Info Resources (United States)

2007-01-15

162

Supreme Court Appellate Jurisdiction Over Military Court Cases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military courts, authorized by Article I of the U.S. Constitution, have jurisdiction over cases involving military servicemembers, including, in some cases, retired servicemembers. They have the power to convict for crimes defined in the Uniform Code of M...

R. C. Mason

2011-01-01

163

T² high-technology transfer to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states; a public policy issues: an analysis of the loss of American high technology to the Soviet bloc, and methods to be employed by the United States government in overcoming this problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loss of American high technology to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states has become a significant problem in the US. The Soviet Union enjoys quantitative military superiority over the US. The US on the other hand, has opted to maintain the balance of power through advanced high-technology military systems. This qualitative lead has been eroded, however, by Soviet successes in

Smits; W. H. Jr

1986-01-01

164

Significance of Religion as an Essential Component of the Military's Cultural Framework Strategy and Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For years, American diplomats have been trained to not discuss religion and have often excluded religious leaders from diplomacy. The United States military, to a lesser extent, has also tended to evade religion in conducting military operations and negot...

C. E. Reynolds

2010-01-01

165

Addressing Impacts of Geomagnetic Disturbances on the North American Bulk Power System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a joint report issued in June 2010, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) identified geomagnetic disturbances as a high-impact, low-frequency (HILF) event risk to bulk power system reliability. The potential impact of geomagnetic disturbance events has gained renewed attention as recent studies have suggested that solar storms may be more severe

Eric Rollison; John Moura; Mark Lauby

2011-01-01

166

Hearts and Minds on the Home Front: What Military Leaders Can Do to Attract African American Males to Careers as Officers in the Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Naval War College Advanced Research Project examines race relations, assimilation, acculturation, and the resultant attitudes developed by and about African-American cadets and commissioned officers with respect to transitions and careers in the Unit...

L. W. Knotts

2008-01-01

167

Measuring Military Expenditures: Purposes, Methods, Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wiberg, H. Measuring Military Expenditures: Purposes, Methods, Sources. Coop eration and Conflict, XVIII, 1983, 161-177.The study of military power, balance, capability, etc. is a field in which many central concepts and also the conduct of empirical research might appear similar to those in natural science. A closer look at the empirical bases of this research, however, reveals a number of

Håkan Wiberg

1983-01-01

168

NAS battery demonstration at American Electric Power:a study for the DOE energy storage program.  

SciTech Connect

The first U.S. demonstration of the NGK sodium/sulfur battery technology was launched in August 2002 when a prototype system was installed at a commercial office building in Gahanna, Ohio. American Electric Power served as the host utility that provided the office space and technical support throughout the project. The system was used to both reduce demand peaks (peak-shaving operation) and to mitigate grid power disturbances (power quality operation) at the demonstration site. This report documents the results of the demonstration, provides an economic analysis of a commercial sodium/sulfur battery energy storage system at a typical site, and describes a side-by-side demonstration of the capabilities of the sodium/sulfur battery system, a lead-acid battery system, and a flywheel-based energy storage system in a power quality application.

Newmiller, Jeff (Endecon Engineering, San Ramon, CA); Norris, Benjamin L. (Norris Energy Consulting Company, Martinez, CA); Peek, Georgianne Huff

2006-03-01

169

Racism and Power: Arizona Politicians' Use of the Discourse of Anti-Americanism against Mexican American Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article discusses a legislation that would effectively terminate Mexican American Studies programs in k-12 was passed in Arizona in 2010. In this article, the author traces how this legislation drew from discourses of anti-Americanism and wickedness initiated by the state's superintendent of public instruction against Mexican American Studies…

Orozco, Richard A.

2012-01-01

170

Racism and Power: Arizona Politicians' Use of the Discourse of Anti-Americanism against Mexican American Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses a legislation that would effectively terminate Mexican American Studies programs in k-12 was passed in Arizona in 2010. In this article, the author traces how this legislation drew from discourses of anti-Americanism and wickedness initiated by the state's superintendent of public instruction against Mexican American Studies…

Orozco, Richard A.

2012-01-01

171

75 FR 24938 - City of Hamilton, Ohio American Municipal Power, Inc.; Notice of Application for Transfer of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...On February 26, 2010, City of Hamilton, Ohio (Hamilton) and American Municipal Power...Captain Anthony Meldahl Lock and Dam on the Ohio River, near the City...license for the Meldahl Project from Hamilton to Hamilton and AMP....

2010-05-06

172

Economic Impact of Fuel Cell Deployment in Forklifts and for Backup Power Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (the Recovery Act or ARRA), the United States Department of Energy (DOE) funded several projects to deploy polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells in forklift and backup power applications. DOE inve...

C. Mertes E. Stewart M. Mintz

2013-01-01

173

Power law for the duration of recession and prosperity in Latin American countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ormerod and Mounfield [P. Ormerod, C. Mounfield, Power law distribution of duration and magnitude of recessions in capitalist economies: Breakdown of scaling, Physica A 293 (2001) 573] and Ausloos et al. [M. Ausloos, J. Mikiewicz, M. Sanglier, The durations of recession and prosperity: Does their distribution follow a power or an exponential law? Physica A 339 (2004) 548] have independently analyzed the duration of recessions for developed countries through the evolution of the GDP in different time windows. It was found that there is a power law governing the duration distribution. We have analyzed data collected from 19 Latin American countries in order to observe whether such results are valid or not for developing countries. The case of prosperity years is also discussed. We observe that the power law of recession time intervals, see Ref. [1], is valid for Latin American countries as well. Thus an interesting point is discovered: the same scaling time is found in the case of recessions for the three data sets (ca. 1 year), and this could represent a universal feature. Other time scale parameters differ significantly from each other.

Redelico, Francisco O.; Proto, Araceli N.; Ausloos, Marcel

2008-11-01

174

Belief: Foundation of Military Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military is the most visible, physical projection of a nation's personality. The manner in which a country uses (or does not use) its armed forces reveals the calibre of its politics; intentions; resolve. Therefore, success as a sovereign power requir...

J. D. Smith

1993-01-01

175

American Expeditionary Forces between the World Wars.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study covers in considerable detail the historical events and circumstances surrounding American military intervention in the internal affairs of Russia and Nicaragua. Background information was obtained from appropriate texts, military records and re...

J. L. Pelton

1973-01-01

176

China and the Revolution in Military Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At present, a technological revolution in high and new technologies is sweeping across the globe, and increasingly becomes a critical factor in measuring a country's national power and military strength. The next ten years are of critical importance for C...

B. Gill L. Henley

1996-01-01

177

Fallacy of the Military Strategic Objective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In today's globalized world of an increasingly complex and unpredictable enemy, it is absolutely critical that U.S. leaders, both civilian and military, have complete understanding of how the different instruments of national power can contribute towards ...

M. D. Kampfe

2011-01-01

178

HAP: Henry H. Arnold, Military Aviator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Henry H. (Hap) Arnold championed the cause of military air power for over 40 years. This book offers a synopsis of his career and achievements from his flight training by the Wright brothers through leadership in World War II.

R. G. Davis

1997-01-01

179

Complex issues of military capability: Measurement, assessment, simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nonlinear science methodology behind the Military Capability Spectrum Project (PRISM) is presented. This project approaches assessments of military power of nations (worldwide) from the perspective that their military organizations are complex adaptive systems (CAS) locked in a threat/alliance coupled group that collectively evolves toward a self-organized critical state. Dissipative behavior can take the form of war and other forms of geopolitical instability. Measurement tools for assessing the characteristics of military organizations are presented and methodologies for displaying the resulting spectrum of worldwide military power are discussed. Tools for regional stability/instability analysis are suggested that rely upon time history data.

Miller, L. D.; Sulcoski, M. F.; Farmer, B. A.

1997-05-01

180

MidAmerican's Walter Scott, Jr. Energy Center Unit 4 earns Power's highest honor  

SciTech Connect

MidAmerican Energy Co. and its project partners are convinced that supercritical coal-firing technology's inherently higher efficiency and lower CO{sub 2} emissions no longer come with a price: reduced reliability. Unit 4 of the Walter Scott, Jr. Energy Center (WSEC) entered into service in June 2006 doubling the capacity of the PRB-coal fuelled plant to 1,600 MW. This is the first major new supercritical plant in the US in more than 15 years. The design of the boiler and the air pollution control systems downstream are described and illustrated. Unit 4 won the 2007 Plant of the Year awarded by Power magazine. 11 figs.

Peltier, R.

2007-08-15

181

What Makes Women Feel Powerful? An Exploratory Study of Relationship Power and Sexual Decision-Making with African Americans at Risk for HIV\\/STDs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the importance of relationship power and cultural norms on women's ability to protect themselves from HIV\\/STDs, effective interventions must address power differentials among men and women. These programs need to be informed by and adapted to the cultural values of the target population. Accordingly, we conducted exploratory interviews with 22 young African American women at risk of HIV\\/STDs

S. Marie Harvey; Sheryl Thorburn Bird

2004-01-01

182

Opportunities for School Psychologists Working with Children of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's military families are a diverse, resilient group of brave Americans, and the country owes them a tremendous debt of gratitude. To date, over 2 million service members have been deployed in support of the Global War on Terrorism, many for multiple tours. For the first time in the country's history, there are more military dependents…

Sherman, Michelle D.; Glenn, Marshall Andrew

2011-01-01

183

Military Space Programs in the Press: An Analysis for Change.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military space program is not known in any great detail by the general American public. The reasons for this lie is the heavily classified nature of the majority of military space programs. This, in turn, brings the media into conflict with the milita...

J. Kennedy

1993-01-01

184

No Contractors on the Battlefield: The Dutch Military’s Reluctance to Outsource  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generally speaking, the Dutch Armed Forces do not resort to the services of private military companies (PMCs). But one particular\\u000a American private military company partially provides the training of Dutch Special Forces. Units of the Special Forces follow\\u000a specific courses at the Blackwater USA’s training center in North Carolina. This center is developed and run by ex-members\\u000a of the Special

Dirk Gielink; Maarten Buitenhuis; René Moelker

185

Military Human Resources Professionals for the Transforming Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The field of human resources (HR) management is experiencing historic change in both the military and corporate environments of the 21st century. As American society advances at record pace with technological explosion, Army Transformation and its implica...

J. E. Finke

2001-01-01

186

Investigating the Existing Gap between Army Culture and Black American Culture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. military is the Nation's most powerful instrument for achieving and defending U.S. national security objectives. The aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks on American soil is a strategic environment that is volatile, uncertain, comple...

S. L. Mitchell

2008-01-01

187

Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the United States leads the world into the 21st Century, military leaders must gain and maintain the trust of the President and the Secretary of Defense by understanding and influencing the manifold variables that affect the civilian-military relations...

D. W. Bennett

2010-01-01

188

ADHD and the Military  

MedlinePLUS

ADHD and the Military Can't find what you're looking for? Our health information specialists are ... 800-233-4050 or online . Can Individuals with ADHD Join the Military? Finding accurate information about whether ...

189

Engagement of Military Voice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Distinctive operational competencies from the civilian and military sectors provide usable knowledge to both. When military voice (in the form of counsel, advice, guidance, and suggestions) is given appropriate credence, unique capabilities flow easily ba...

B. E. Coates C. D. Allen

2010-01-01

190

Technical considerations relating to the use of coal for power generation in American Samoa  

SciTech Connect

This review focuses on apprasing the option of using coal for power generation in the US territory of American Samoa. The availability of Australian coal into the next century is almost guaranteed by the size of the Australian resource. This coal is about a third the price of fuel oil. One of the chief stumbling blocks to coal imports to American Samoa is lack of deep harbors. Possibilities for harbor expansions are discussed. A second drawback to coal-fired plants is high capital costs for construction relative to the diesel generators used now. A 25 MW/sub e/ plant equipped with spreader-stoker boiler, turbine generator, condensers, and feed system currently costs $18 to $20 million. A steam plant fueled with residual oil would be slightly less (approx. $17 million), but it would use a much more expensive fuel whose availability over the lifetime of the plant is questionable. The small size of the proposed power plant may exempt it from the New Source Performance Standards of the Clean Air Act. The low sulfur content of Australian coals require no or minimal SO/sub 2/ pollution control equipment. Ash can be ocean-dumped with EPA permit, used to reclaim nearshore land, or in a cement industry. Land requirements for dead (60 to 90-day) coal storage are one to two acres. Land availability is tied to site selection. In conclusion, coal use in Tutuila is constrained principally by lack of appropriate port facilities.

Borg, I.Y.

1982-10-01

191

American Approach to Limited War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Limited war has been a prominent feature in United States military history. Past applications of limited military power in war have dramatically furthered U.S. national interests. But despite encouraging experiences with limited war from independence to t...

B. Warrington

1994-01-01

192

Military and Civilian Undergraduates: Attitudes Toward Women, Masculinity, and Authoritarianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of civilian and military college environments and undergraduates' sex on gender role attitudes and authoritarianism was investigated. Three hundred thirteen male and 69 female, primarily white middle-class students at the United States Naval Academy, United States Air Force Academy, Reserve Officer Training Corps, and a civilian university participated. Approximately 7% were Hispanic, 6% African-American, and 5% Asian-American. Military

Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius; A. Leigh Lucart

2000-01-01

193

Gender and the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The military is an important social institution, with effects on other institutions and on people's lives, both directly and indirectly. Despite this, the military is a relatively ne­ glected area of study within sociology. Further, though the military has a gender-defming tradition and gender is endemic in the institution, central works on the sociology of gender usually omit analysis of

Mady Wechsler Segal

194

75 FR 67897 - Military Family Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...investment to build a 21st-century Department...benefits and care they have earned. We are also...families can pursue the dream of higher education...so much. While only a fraction of Americans...our military families have the help they need...NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA,...

2010-11-04

195

Military-Media Relationships: Analyzing U.S. Navy Officers' Attitudes Towards the News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A noticeable civil-military gap has emerged in American society where the public does not fully understand the mission of the military, and the military does not understand the expectations and demands of the public in a liberal democracy. Basically, main...

J. J. Flores

2003-01-01

196

Righteous realists: Perceptions of American power and responsibility in the nuclear age  

SciTech Connect

This is a study of the moral and ethical dimensions of political realism in post-World War II America, especially in relation to realist thought on nuclear weapons issues. Emphasis is placed on evolving notions of power and responsibility as they form the basis for a realist philosophy of power in the nuclear age. It is argued that the realists developed a concept of responsible power which was a hybrid of traditional American ideals and European Realpolitik. Included are chapters on the personal and intellectual background of five noteworthy realists, the realist position on some basic dilemmas in political ethics, the problem of usable and unusable force, the realists' view on deterrence and arms control, the question of democracy versus guardianship, and the realists as cultural critics. This study highlights the coherence of realist thought while pointing out the paradoxes upon which it is based. It situates realism in its historical context and reveals realism's relationship to explicit political and cultural values. It concludes that at their core, the realists were moralists; and realism was the entity through which they reconciled morality and power.

Rosenthal, J.H.

1988-01-01

197

Feasibility studies of a power interconnection system for Central American countries: SIEPAC project  

SciTech Connect

The electrical systems of the Central American countries are linked by 230 kV ac weak border interconnections forming two separated subsystems. The first one includes Guatemala and El Salvador, and the other one comprises the systems of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. As a consequence, unrestricted energy exchanges among all countries are not possible. This article describes the SIEPAC project which consists of a 1,678 km long 500 kV ac power transmission line that would link the six electrical systems of the region through seven power substations (one for each country and two in Panama), installed close to the highest demand national centers and six control centers of energy (one for each country) to allow coordinated operation of the interconnection.This project also considers a set of complementary assets (230 ac power transmission lines into some countries and the border transmission line between El Salvador and Honduras, and various other equipment). The power transmission line will greatly reinforce the actual border interconnections, which have a reduced capacity of exchange and technical problems associated with the stability of a weak longitudinal system. On the other hand, economic savings for the region would be achieved, coming from a higher coordination level in the operation and planning of their systems.

Gomez, T.; Enamorado, J.C. (Univ. Pontificia Comillas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica); Vela, A. (Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, Madrid (Spain))

1994-06-01

198

Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations  

SciTech Connect

A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

Ball, D.Y.

1997-10-01

199

Power-Up: A Collaborative After-School Program to Prevent Obesity in African American Children  

PubMed Central

Background Schools represent a key potential venue for addressing childhood obesity. Objective To assess the feasibility of Power-Up, an after-school program to decrease obesity risk among African American children, using community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. Methods Teachers led 14 weekly nutrition and physical activity sessions during after-school care at the Woodlawn Community School on Chicago’s South Side. Forty African American children ages 5 to 12 participated; their 28 parents discussed similar topics weekly at pickup time, and families practiced relevant skills at home. Pre- and post-intervention anthropometrics, blood pressure, dietary measures, and health knowledge and beliefs for children and parents were compared in univariate analysis. Results At baseline, 26% of children were overweight; 28% were obese. Post-intervention, mean body mass index (BMI) z scores decreased from 1.05 to 0.81 (p < .0001). Changes were more pronounced for overweight (?0.206 z-score units) than for obese children (?0.062 z-score units; p = .01). Girls decreased their combined prevalence of overweight/obesity from 52% to 46%; prevalence across these categories did not change for boys. The prevalence of healthful attitudes rose, including plans to “eat more foods that are good for you” (77% to 90%; p = .027) and “planning to try some new sports” (80% to 88%; p = .007). Conclusion Children in the Power-Up program reduced mean BMI z scores significantly. The after-school venue proved feasible. The use of CBPR principles helped to integrate Power-Up into school activities and contributed to likelihood of sustainability. Engaging parents effectively in the after-school time frame proved challenging; additional strate gies to engage parents are under development. Plans are underway to evaluate this intervention through a randomized study.

Choudhry, Shahid; McClinton-Powell, Lori; Solomon, Marla; Davis, Dawnavan; Lipton, Rebecca; Darukhanavala, Amy; Steenes, Althera; Selvaraj, Kavitha; Gielissen, Katherine; Love, Lorne; Salahuddin, Renee; Embil, Frank K.; Huo, Dezheng; Chin, Marshall H.; Quinn, Michael T.; Burnet, Deborah L.

2013-01-01

200

EEG alpha variants and alpha power in Hispanic American and white non-Hispanic American young adults with a family history of alcohol dependence.  

PubMed

Results from several studies support associations among variants in electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha voltage, alcohol dependence, ethnic heritage, and a family history of alcohol dependence, although no studies have as yet been conducted in individuals of Hispanic ethnicity. Categorization of EEG, by using spectral analyses, into high-, medium-, and low-voltage alpha, as well as absolute EEG power in alpha and beta frequency ranges, was carried out for Hispanic American (n=108) and white non-Hispanic American (n=269) young adult men and women (age range, 18 to 25 years) who had a family history, but no personal history, of alcohol dependence. Eighteen percent (n=70) of the participants were categorized as having a low-voltage alpha EEG, 16% had high-voltage alpha, and 64% had medium-voltage alpha. In comparison with findings for men, women were found to have higher overall power in the low frequency alpha (7.5-9 Hz) and beta (12-20 Hz, 20-50 Hz) frequency ranges. Hispanic Americans had a lower percentage of individuals in the low-voltage alpha group (9%) and more individuals in the medium-voltage alpha group (73%) compared with findings for white non-Hispanic Americans (low-voltage alpha, 19%; medium-voltage alpha, 62%). Results of the current study confirm the presence of ethnic stratification in EEG alpha variants. PMID:15528007

Ehlers, Cindy L; Phillips, Evelyn; Schuckit, Marc A

2004-06-01

201

The Military in the Post-Vietnam ERA: A Search for Relevance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From April 1917 to September 1945, the American military establishment evolved into a contradiction in the American polity. After August 1945 the contradiction had become an aberration as well. It was an aberration because it possessed (though it did not ...

L. B. Wilkerson

1982-01-01

202

American Culture, Military Services' Cultures, and Military Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The knowledge of one's culture is critical for success in statecraft and strategy. Yet, perhaps because it is so pervasive, the influence of one's own culture on strategy, defense preparation, and the conduct of war tends to escape notice. The influence o...

P. D. Haynes

1998-01-01

203

Military Unionism and the Volunteer Military System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The issue of military unionization poses a major security question for the next decade. Consistent with the growth of the union movement in America especially more recent developments involving the unionization of large numbers of employees in the public ...

P. B. Lane E. S. Krendel

1977-01-01

204

Gender Power Control, Sexual Experiences, Safer Sex Practices, and Potential HIV Risk Behaviors Among Young Asian-American Women  

PubMed Central

We examined the prevalence of three domains of sexual behaviors among young Asian-American women: sexual experiences, safer sex practices, and potential HIV risk behaviors. We also investigated the impact of gender power control on these domains. Among sexually experienced women, 51% reported using condoms during their most recent sex act, 63% reported inconsistent condom use, and 18% reported ever having forced sex. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that women’s perceived lower relationship power control was not associated with vaginal sex or safer sex practices, but it was powerfully associated with forced sex and all three potential HIV risk behaviors. This study demonstrates that control within young Asian-American women’s intimate relationships exerts different associations depending on the type of sexual behavior. The application of the Theory of Gender and Power should be employed with prudence when designing HIV interventions for this population.

Lee, Jieha; Rough, Kathryn; Strathdee, Steffanie A.

2012-01-01

205

Mental Health in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... Minds, Healthy Lives Blog Key Topics Finding help Depression Suicide Alzheimer's Disease Autism All Topics People African Americans American Indians Asian Americans Athletes Caregivers Children College students Hispanics/Latinos LGBT/Sexual Orientation Men Military Seniors ...

206

Music Videos and Sexual Risk in African American Adolescent Girls: Gender, Power and the Need for Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Music videos contain sexual content often reflecting women as promiscuous, submissive, or passive. Few studies have examined gender- and sex-related attitudes in African American females, particularly across genres of music videos. Purpose: Using constructs from Cultivation Theory, Theory of Gender and Power and Social Cognitive…

Robillard, Alyssa

2012-01-01

207

Music Videos and Sexual Risk in African American Adolescent Girls: Gender, Power and the Need for Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Music videos contain sexual content often reflecting women as promiscuous, submissive, or passive. Few studies have examined gender- and sex-related attitudes in African American females, particularly across genres of music videos. Purpose: Using constructs from Cultivation Theory, Theory of Gender and Power and Social Cognitive…

Robillard, Alyssa

2012-01-01

208

Historic American Engineering Record, Theodore Roosevelt Dam, power plant. Photographs, written historical and descriptive data. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bureau of Reclamation has prepared this Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) to complete documentation responsibilities for recent Theodore Roosevelt Dam modifications. This report builds on HAER No. AZ-6, which detailed the design and construction history of the dam and its technological significance, and HAER No. AZ-4, which addresses the early development of power at Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Both of

1996-01-01

209

Celebrating National American Indian Heritage Month.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

November has been designated National American Indian Heritage Month to honor American Indians and Alaska Natives by increasing awareness of their culture, history, and, especially, their tremendous contributions to the United States military. Native Amer...

D. K. Mann J. Grafton

2004-01-01

210

The Uses of Military Force Since the Second World War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Classification of the uses of military force since World War II by region; countries; types; levels of violence; participation by nuclear powers, industrial countries and communist powers. Plus discussion of trends in international conflict. (Author)

P. C. Oleson

1968-01-01

211

Translating Sexual Assault Prevention from a College Campus to a United States Military Installation: Piloting the Know-Your-Power Bystander Social Marketing Campaign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a…

Potter, Sharyn J.; Stapleton, Jane G.

2012-01-01

212

Egypt as a Globalist Power: Mapping Military Participation in Decolonizing Internationalism, Repressive Entrepreneurialism, and Humanitarian Globalization Between the Revolutions of 1952 and 2011  

Microsoft Academic Search

By intervening in the 2011 Revolution and moving to assert control over state and society during the subsequent transitional period, the Egyptian military became visible again not just as a defense institution and coercive apparatus operating in domestic space, but as a regional and international actor. Much recent scholarship on and press coverage of Egypt since the uprisings of 2011

Paul Amar

2012-01-01

213

American IFOR Experience: Psychological Stressors in the Early Deployment Period.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American military has deployed about 20,000 troops for the international peacekeeping force known as IFOR (Implementation Force) in the former Yugoslavia. How well military personnel adapt to the psychological stressors of operations like this is of c...

P. T. Bartone

1996-01-01

214

Objectives and Success - Linking National Policy Objectives and Military Strategic Objectives to Achieve Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Clearly defined political objectives enable commanders to focus military strategic objectives to attain success. To better understand this relationship between national policy goals and the successful application of military power to achieve them, this st...

W. D. Ivey

1996-01-01

215

Early Childhood Military Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

Pelo, Ann

2011-01-01

216

Women and the military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debates about the relationship between women and the military have become common within Western societies. These debates primarily centre on the issue of the place, fitness and desirability of a female presence within institutions designed for national war making. There are those who claim that equality betwen the sexes demands the full integration of women into national militaries, including in

2000-01-01

217

Atomic-powered democracy: Policy against politics in the quest for American nuclear energy  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation focuses on the relationship of American nuclear energy to democracy. It examines whether the nuclear policy processes have furthered the legitimacy-government accountability and citizen participation-which the democratic institutes are based. Nuclear policy and its institutions have placed severe limitations on democratic practices. Contravened democracy is seen most clearly in the decoupling of policy from politics. Decoupling refers to the weakening of institutional linkages between citizens and government, and to the erosion of the norms that ground liberal democracy. Decoupling is manifested in policy centralization, procedural biases, technical rationality, and the spatial displacement of conflict. Decoupling has normative implications: While federal accountability was limited and citizen participation was shackled, other major groups enjoyed privileged access to policy making. The decoupling of nuclear policy from politics arose within the context of US liberal-democratic capitalism. The federal government pursued its own goals of defense and world leadership. Yet, it was not structurally autonomous from the hegemony of the political-economic context. Economically, the Atomic Energy Act did not permit federal agencies to directly invest in power plant construction, and did not authorize them to commercially generate electricity. Private industry was structurally placed to domesticate the atom. Politically, the liberal-democratic system hampered an unquestioning pursuit of atomic energy. Federal institutions have been forced to heed some of the anti-nuclear concerns. The pervasive influence of the US political economy on nuclear policy has come to transgress democracy. Nuclear power's growth faltered during the 1970s. The political and economic constraints on federal actions have limited the means available to revive a becalmed nuclear industry; this has exerted strong pressure on federal institutions to decouple policy from participation.

Williams, R.W.

1993-01-01

218

Ingredients of military genius. Student essay  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with military genius from an historical and a classical theory perspective. The author modifies an approach developed by Carl von Clausewitz that makes use of theory as a framework for the study of history. Clausewitz used theory to study campaigns of Napoleon. This article uses Clausewitz's theory of military genius to study some of the great captains of the American Civil War and World War II. Using seven qualities of military genius that Clausewitz lists in his ON WAR, a study was made to ascertain commonalities of behavior displayed by great battlefield generals. Historical examples are given which reflect the qualities of military genius. The basic hypothesis of the article is that successful generals command their armies with their total being and not just one predominate aspect of their person. The underlying theme is that body, emotions, mind, and spirit must work in a relatively balanced manner which results in military genius being displayed. Historical example urges each senior officer to continually train and discipline his being in preparation for his possible future destiny.

Blair, J.M.

1986-04-07

219

Translating sexual assault prevention from a college campus to a United States military installation: piloting the know-your-power bystander social marketing campaign.  

PubMed

One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a major public health problem in the United States, and because of the similarities in the age group of college and military populations, the problems regarding sexual violence in both constituencies have been well-documented. In the current pilot study we seek to add to both current knowledge about and promising practices of translating prevention strategies from one target audience to another. We describe how we translated, administered, and evaluated a bystander intervention social marketing campaign focused on sexual assault prevention that had been found to significantly affect attitude change on a college campus for a U.S. Army installation in Europe. In addition to demonstrating the process of translating prevention strategies across target audiences, findings from this pilot study contribute to the evaluation data on the effectiveness of sexual violence prevention strategies implemented with members of the U.S. Military. From our analysis, we see that research participants indicate that the degree to which the images resonate with them and the familiarity of the context (i.e., social self-identification) significantly effect the participants' personal responsibility for reducing sexual assault, confidence in acting as a bystander, and reported engagement as a bystander. PMID:22080576

Potter, Sharyn J; Stapleton, Jane G

2011-11-11

220

General John Shalikashvili and the Civil-Military Relations of Peacekeeping  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American officer corps has adopted the post-Cold War peacekeeping mission with considerable reluctance. This reluctance was clearly manifested in the person of General Colin Powell, who overstepped traditional American civil-military norms in leveraging his extensive political clout against U.S. involvement in peacekeeping efforts. This and other factors led many observers to conclude that American civil-military relations were in crisis.Powell's

Lyle J. Goldstein

2000-01-01

221

Environmental Assessment for Central Power and Light Company`s proposed Military Highway-CFE tie 138/69-kV transmission line project Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Central Power and Light Company (CPL) intends to upgrade its existing transmission line ties with the Commision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) system in Mexico. CPL currently has a single 69-kilovolt (kV) transmission line in the Brownsville area which connects CPL`s system with the system of CFE. This existing line runs between the Brownsville Switching Station, located on Laredo Road in Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas, and an existing CFE 69-kV line at the Rusteberg Bend of the Rio Grande in Cameron County. Under current conditions of need, the existing 69-kV line does not possess sufficient capability to engage in appropriate power exchanges. Therefore, CPL is proposing to build a new line to link up with CFE. This proposed line would be a double-circuit line, which would (1) continue (on a slightly relocated route) the existing 69-kV tie from CPL`s Brownsville Switching Station to CFE`s facilities, and (2) add a 138-kV tie from the Military Highway Substation, located on Military Highway (US Highway 281), to CFE`s facilities. The proposed 138/69-kV line, which will be constructed and operated by CPL, will be built primarily on steel single-pole structures within an average 60-foot (ft) wide right-of-way (ROW). It will be approximately 6900--9200 ft (1.3--1.7 miles) in length, depending on the alternative route constructed.

Not Available

1992-04-01

222

Malaria prevention and control in the United States military.  

PubMed

Malaria continues to be a serious threat to deployed military forces in many areas of the World. United States experiences during, and lessons learned from, World War II, Viet Nam, and Somalia have significantly changed the way that military planners, medical and preventive medicine personnel are facing the malaria challenge. Currently, the US military has a powerful arsenal of educational courses and materials, personal protective measures, and malaria surveillance and control techniques in place to fight malaria. These new tools will hopefully reduce malaria morbidity and mortality during military deployments in the future. PMID:11584660

Robert, L L

2001-01-01

223

China's Growing Military Capability in Search of a Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's rapid military modernisation in the past decade has raised concern over when and how China will use its military power in the future. There is no definite answer to this concern. However, the new course in Taiwan, urgent non-traditional security issues, the domestic agenda for re-allocating resources to development of a ‘harmonious society’, and the looming economic crisis could

Arthur S. Ding

2009-01-01

224

China as an Economic and Military Superpower: A Dangerous Combination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

China's economic and military power make it one of the most important nations to the United States as well as other Pacific Rim nations in 1995. It has one of the fastest growing economies in the world as well as one of the largest military machines. Toge...

M. B. Uckert

1995-01-01

225

Contracting on Violence: Authoritarian Repression and Military Intervention in Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why does the military intervene in the politics of some countries but remain un- der firm civilian control in others? I argue that the origins of military intervention in politics lie in a fundamental moral hazard problem associated with authoritarian repression. Dictators must deter those who are excluded from power from challenging them. In economically unequal dictatorships, this is best

Milan W. Svolik

226

Will China's Rise Remain Peaceful. (Military Threat or Economic Competitor).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

China has begun a single-minded mission to become the supreme military power in the Asian-Pacific rim while the United States is unwittingly strengthening China's economy, ultimately leading to a credible military threat. China has become the world's 2nd ...

J. A. Benson

2008-01-01

227

Native American Mobilization and the Power of Recognition: Theorizing the Effects of Political Acknowledgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How recognition may empower or restrain Native American mobilization has not received sufficient scholarly attention and remains largely unexplored and under-theorized. This paper contributes a partial remedy to this oversight by explicitly theorizing how political recognition can mediate Native American collective action and lead to differential…

Stokes, DaShanne

2012-01-01

228

Safeguardsing our military space systems.  

PubMed

The vulnerability military space systems depends on their orbits, functions, and other characteristics. The high-altitude satellites needed for warning and communications in particular could be vulnerable to prompt destruction by certain space-based systems and, in the future, possibly by ground-based high power lasers. A combination of passive countermeasures and arms control agreements could give these satellites some protection against such attack. Deployment of strategic defensive systems with the capability to reach far into space would invalidate this approach. PMID:17792142

May, M M

1986-04-18

229

Safeguarding our military space systems  

SciTech Connect

The vulnerability of military space systems depends on their orbits, functions, and other characteristics. The high-altitude satellites needed for warning and communications in particular could be vulnerable to prompt destruction by certain space-based systems, and, in the future, possibly by ground-based high power lasers. A combination of passive countermeasures and arms control agreements could give these satellites some protection against such attack. Deployment of strategic defensive systems with the capability to reach far into space would invalidate this approach. 3 references, 6 figures.

May, M.M.

1986-04-18

230

Deconstructing the Turkish Military's Popularity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why is the military so popular in Turkish society? By using World Values Survey data, this study explores the impact of several political, social, and personal factors on societal confidence in the military. Empirical results indicate that there is a significant variance in confidence in the military across certain political groups. Although the military's popularity is high among nationalists, it

Zeki Sarigil

2009-01-01

231

Proportionality for Military Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Despite its preeminent position in just war tradition, the concept of proportionality is not well understood by military leaders. Especially lacking is a realization that there are four distinct types of proportionality. In determining whether a particula...

G. D. Brown

2000-01-01

232

Slowing Military Change.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph looks at the development of military technology in recent years. It examines three major platforms: fighter aircraft, tanks, and cruisers, examining the gaps between generations as well as the capability gains of each succeeding type. While...

Z. J. Alach

2008-01-01

233

Military Suicide Research Consortium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The second year of the MSRC included funding ten research projects, supporting three postdoctoral pilot grants, and offering a $2000 dissertation award to expert and future leaders in the field of military suicide research. The Denver staff continues to c...

P. M. Gutierrez

2012-01-01

234

Military Whistleblower Protection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Directive reissues DoD Directive 7050.6 dated September 3, 1992, to updated policy and responsibilities for military whistleblower protection under Section 1034 of Title 10, USC; include complaints of sexual harassment or unlawful discrimination as '...

D. Gibson

1995-01-01

235

WAR & Military Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment. The success of screening has proven disappointing, the effects of treatment near the front lines are unclear, and the results of treatment for chronic postwar syndromes are mixed. After the Persian Gulf War, a number of military physicians made innovative proposals for a population-based approach, anchored in primary care instead of specialty-based care. This approach appears to hold the most promise for the future.

Pols, Hans; Oak, Stephanie

2007-01-01

236

Konrad Adenauer's Military Advisors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis poses the question: Why did Konrad Adenauer appoint former Wehrmacht generals Hans Speidel and Adolf Heusinger as his military advisors. The question is used to examine the political relationships between the army officer corps, state, and soc...

J. R. Pournelle

1989-01-01

237

Case report: Military subcultural competency.  

PubMed

The military is comprised of numerous subcultures. These subcultures can dramatically impact perceptions of illness and care. Although efforts are currently underway to improve the military cultural competence of all health care providers, efforts to improve the subcultural competence of military providers require attention. Military providers, although part of the military culture, may not appreciate their patients' military subculture or be aware of the impact their own subculture plays on the encounter. To illustrate potential difficulties, a case is described where limited military subcultural competence disrupted care. As the military medical corps continues to integrate across service lines, this case underscores the importance of training military physicians to assess the influence of a service member's specific military subculture. PMID:23820363

Meyer, Eric

2013-07-01

238

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Roger Sturtevant, Photographer Jan. 28, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Roger Sturtevant, Photographer Jan. 28, 1934 VIEW FROM SOUTH (FRONT) - Mission San Antonio de Padua, Hunter Liggett Military Reservation, Jolon, Monterey County, CA

239

1. Historic American Buildings Survey. Prather Reynolds. Photographer, Feb. 13 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey. Prather Reynolds. Photographer, Feb. 13 1934. VIEW FROM NORTHWEST - Confederate State Capitol, Old Military Road (State Highway), Washington, Hempstead County, AR

240

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer August ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer August 1937 DETAIL OF WEST FACADE - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

241

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January 1938 DETAIL OF SOUTH ELEVATION - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

242

Radiometry in military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be measured and the testing methods to be used. There is also much literature on the subject of testing of the systems mentioned above, although mostly on subject of testing of the thermal imaging systems. In spite of this apparently numerous literature, there still significant confusion in this area due to secrecy of some parameters and testing methods, differences in recommendations of different military standards, fast progress in military optoelectronics, and also due to enormous number of different types of optoelectronics systems used in the military armament. A review of testing methods of the three basic groups of optoelectronics systems used in modern military armament: the missiles guided using optoelectronics methods, the optoelectronic imaging systems, and the optoelectronic countermeasures is presented in this paper. Trends in the measuring sets.

Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

2001-08-01

243

Military Careers: A Guide to Military Occupations and Selected Military Career Paths, 1992-1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was developed to help educators and youth learn about career opportunities in the military. It is a compendium of military occupational, training, and career information and is designed for use by students interested in the military. The first section, military occupations, contains descriptions of 197 enlisted and officer occupations.…

Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

244

The Econometrics of Military Arms Races  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arms races - enduring rivalries between pairs of hostile powers, which prompt competitive acquisition of military capability - appear to be a pervasive phenomenon. From the past Cold War competition, between the US and the USSR, to present regional antagonisms, such as India and Pakistan, arms races remain a matter of continuing concern. This chapter reviews the econometric issues involved

J. Paul Dunne; Ron P. Smith

245

The Evolution of Military Intelligence in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The historical evolution of a military intelligence system in Canada, like that of other Western powers, developed largely under the stimuli of the two world wars. Yet within this evolutionary framework, unique national characteristics emerged. One was the underlying Canadian concern with intelligence on a variety of threatened frontiers, especially after 1945 with the remote northern flank. Another unique feature

Wesley K. Wark

1989-01-01

246

Adapting Conductance Technology for Military Application.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In military vehicles, many mission-critical systems rely heavily on battery power for operation. Should the batteries fail or become deeply discharged, the mission-critical systems will fail, and the batteries will not be able to start the vehicle engine,...

R. R. Swanson

2005-01-01

247

Illuminating Scalpel for Military Field Use.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An illuminating scalpel for military field use was designed and prototyped. It contains a light source in its handle and a light-weight battery power source in a separate small plastic box at the end of a thin wire. The device proved useful in limited cli...

B. S. Savara J. W. Irwin W. L. Parker

1969-01-01

248

Historic American Engineering Record, Theodore Roosevelt Dam, Power Plant. Photographs, Written Historical and Descriptive Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bureau of Reclamation has prepared this Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) to complete documentation responsibilities for recent Theodore Roosevelt Dam modifications. This report builds on HAER No. AZ-6, which detailed the design and construc...

C. Pfaff

1996-01-01

249

Wind Power on Native American Lands: Opportunities, Challenges, and Status (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

The United States is home to more than 700 American Indian tribes and Native Alaska villages and corporations located on 96 million acres. Many of these tribes and villages have excellent wind resources that could be commercially developed to meet their electricity needs or for electricity export. This conference poster for Windpower 2007 describes the opportunities, challenges, and status of wind energy projects on Native American lands in the United States.

Jimenez, A.; Johnson, P. B.; Gough, R.; Robichaud, R.; Flowers, L.; Taylor, R.

2007-06-01

250

Guidelines for U.S. Humanitarian Military Intervention.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I intend to explore potential humanitarian military interventions examine some of the practical constraints on major powers like the U.S. in mounting such interventions evaluate various relevant theoretical approaches and conclude with recommendations for...

D. McDonnell

2004-01-01

251

Power Source Options for Communications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is difficult to grasp a more demanding power consumer than the military. The modern military has come to rely on increasingly complex communications/electronic equipment that require a dependable, lightweight, compact power source that has the ability ...

J. M. Farina

2005-01-01

252

Connection Between the NMCWM and the USAMRMC - How the Early Development of Military Medicine During the American Civil War Paved the Way for the Research and Development of New and Improved Methods/Battlefield Medicine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The exhibit: Building on the Past: Military Medicine for the 21st Century, now on display at the National Museum of Civil War Medicine is an example of the continuing educational partnership between the NMCWM and the USAMRMC. The partnership allows both i...

G. C. Wunderlich

2004-01-01

253

Fostering a Culture of Engagement. (Military Review, September-October 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

WITH LESS THAN one half of one percent of the U.S. population in the Armed Forces, it is not surprising that many Americans know little about their military or the sacrifices military members and their families make for the Nation. The professional milita...

A. Menning I. W. Caldwell S. Stroud

2009-01-01

254

Military coups in the post-cold war era: Pakistan, Ecuador and Venezuela  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares the failed military coups in Ecuador (2000) and Venezuela (2002) with the successful 1999 military putsch in Pakistan in order to identify what factors affect coup outcomes in third-wave democracies. The unity of the armed forces in support of the Pakistani coup, and its division in the two Latin American cases, are critical in explaining the divergent

Steven Barracca

2007-01-01

255

The Rise and Fall of Canadian Military Assistance in the Developing World, 1952–1971  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the end of the Second World War, military assistance has emerged as an important instrument of international diplomacy. Initially employed by the United States in Europe, Latin America and Asia for a variety of economic and political reasons in the mid-1940s, by the end of the decade American military assistance had been fashioned into a coherent program “whose principal

Greg Donahy

2012-01-01

256

Aerospace and military  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

1990-01-01

257

Mediated Military Leadership: A Narrative Analysis of Military Leadership Training Material.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military leadership is a subject that has beguilled military and civilian researchers for decades. Despite extensive study, much of which was funded by the military, military leadership remains an enigma. Further, the military still faces nagging criticis...

P. J. Hutchison

1988-01-01

258

Soviet-American Dialogue in the Social Sciences: Research Workshops on Interdependence among Nations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: An American View of Soviet Contributions; Motives and Models of Cooperation: A Soviet View of American Contributions; The Concept of Interdependence: Current American Thinking; Evolution of the Concept of 'Victory' in Soviet Military-Political T...

1993-01-01

259

Chivalry in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chivalry is a word that is often been used in the context of the military. Yet, the meaning attached to chivalry differs.\\u000a Here are some examples:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a In his Memorial Address of 20 July 1966 in memory of the military resistance against Adolf Hitler the Bundeswehr’s former\\u000a Lieutenant General Hans Speidel quotes a section of a speech Colonel General Ludwig

Gerhard Kümmel

260

Proceedings of the DOD Symposium on Evolution of Military Medical Entomology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: '...drenched in dirt and drowned in abominations...': Insects and the Civil War , Military medical entomology during the Mexican- American and First World Wars: A coming of age, Entomologists in World War II, Entomological Issues during the Kore...

2008-01-01

261

Congressional and Media Influences on the Military: A Dilemma for the Peacetime Warrior.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This essay critically analyzes the negative nature of Congressional and media influences on the military establishment. Using the economic, political, and sociological aspects of the American democratic society as a framework, the author examines the moti...

C. M. McCracken

1987-01-01

262

Racial differences in mortality among men hospitalized in military hospitals.  

PubMed

A comparative study was conducted on patients in military hospitals in response to recent studies at veterans hospitals showing the possibility that access to an equal-access health care system may reduce or reverse racial differences in mortality outcomes. Using a cohort study of 14,122 military retirees admitted to military hospitals with any of six common medical diagnoses between October 2000 and September 2004, we evaluated differences in patient and hospital characteristics and evaluated race-specific hospital mortality. Despite long-term equal access to comprehensive medical care, there were significant racial differences in patient- and hospital-level risk factors among male military retirees hospitalized with common medical diagnoses. In unadjusted analyses, risk of hospital mortality was significantly lower in African Americans and other non-Caucasians when compared to Caucasians, but differences disappeared after adjustment for all risk factors. PMID:18595416

Meyers, James F; Robbins, Anthony S; Gildengorin, Ginny L; Grayson, J Kevin

2008-06-01

263

Eliminating Health Disparities in the African American Population: The Interface of Culture, Gender, and Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the release of former Secretary Margaret Heckler’s Secretary’s Task Force Report on Black and Minority Health more than two decades ago, excess death from chronic diseases and other conditions between African Americans and Whites have increased. The conclusion of that report emphasized excess death and thus clinical care, paying little attention to the sociocultural environment and its effects on

Collins O. Airhihenbuwa; Leandris Liburd

2006-01-01

264

The Transformation of American Energy Markets and the Problem of Market Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, American energy markets have been regulated using a combination of antitrust law and public utility law: the former has predominated in oil markets and the latter in markets for natural gas and electricity. Over time, energy markets have grown increasingly complex and competitive, due partly to changing market conditions (for example, in oil markets) and partly to regulation (in

David B. Spence; Robert Prentice

2012-01-01

265

Ethnic Variations in Family Power Relations: Part I--Jewish American Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Roles in the Jewish-American family system tend to be flexible, without a clearly defined division of labor or hierarchy of authority. Husband-father and wife-mother roles tend to be somewhat interchangeable and androgynous. Because role expectations constantly change to fit changing circumstances, ambiguity in each member's perception of…

Victor, Jeffrey S.

266

Being a Korean Studying Koreans in an American School: Reflections on Culture, Power, and Ideology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent debates on situated knowledge highlight the issue of the researcher's position in the research process, challenging the traditional assumption of the insider/outsider dichotomy. Drawing on my fieldwork among Korean immigrant parents in an American school, I describe my shifting positions in negotiation and scrutinize the ways my…

Lim, Minjung

2012-01-01

267

The power of compassion: Truth-telling among American doctors in the care of dying patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perceptions of American doctors about their practice regarding truth-telling in the care of dying patients were examined based on semi-structured interviews with 32 physicians in a teaching hospital. The doctors inform patients of their disease using three basic styles; 'telling what patients want to know', 'telling what patients need to know' and 'translating information into terms that patients can

Naoko T. Miyaji

1993-01-01

268

The Power of Peers: Influences on Postsecondary Education Planning and Experiences of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation demonstrates the effect that peers have on students' academic engagement and educational aspirations. Forty-nine African American university students retrospectively discuss the manner by which their friends influenced their academic commitment and activity while in high school; their postsecondary education aspirations,…

Holland, Nicole E.

2011-01-01

269

Feasibility Studies of a Power Interconnection System for Central American Countries: SIEPAC Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrical systems of the Central American countries are linked by 230 kV ac weak border interconnections forming two separated subsystems. The first one includes Guatemala and El Salvador, and the other one comprises the systems of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. As a consequence, unrestricted energy exchanges among all countries are not possible. This article describes the SIEPAC

T. Gomez; J. C. Enamorado; A. Vela

1994-01-01

270

Women in the Military Cockpit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Historically women have demonstrated the capacity to be successful aviators. Recent participation of women in combat roles and in military aviation has, however, aroused controversy. The scientific literature pertinent to the role of women in military avi...

T. J. Lyons

1991-01-01

271

Organizational Culture and the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project reviews key concepts of organizational culture and examines how our military culture may change as a result of various social and environmental influences. Military culture has always had a significant impact on operational effectiveness. But...

C. B. Breslin

2000-01-01

272

Blogs and Military Information Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article explores the possibility of incorporating blogs and blogging into military information strategy, primarily as a tool for influence. Towards that end, the authors examine the value of blogs as targets of and/or platforms for military influence...

D. E. Denning J. B. Kinniburgh

2006-01-01

273

Prospects for Russian Military RD.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the Russian military's options for achieving weapons modernization and new weapons development through either a revitalized state military research and development (RD) sector or a robust civil scientific and technical (ST) sector. It...

S. Leiter

1996-01-01

274

Blogs and Military Information Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph explores the possibility of incorporating blogs and blogging into military information strategy, primarily as a tool for influence. Towards that end, the authors examine the value of blogs as targets of and/or platforms for military influen...

D. Denning J. Kinniburgh

2006-01-01

275

Private Military Industry: Economic Analysis, Uses & Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Different customers in different ages have used private military members as part of their military operations. After the Cold War era, a new form of Private Military Industry emerged. Companies serving in both military support and offensive operations and...

E. Sokmen

2007-01-01

276

Department of Defense Military Manpower Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents (List of Tables): Section 1 -- Active Duty Military Manpower Statistics - Summary of Military Personnel, DoD Manpower Comparison, Total Active Duty Military Personnel by Service, Active Duty Officer Personnel and Percent of Total Military Personn...

1981-01-01

277

Agency Theory View of the Military Advisor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An understanding of civil-military relations provides insight for the military strategist into the interplay between politics and military art. A framework of how civilian leadership and the military relate in formulating national security objectives may ...

G. E. Petrina

2005-01-01

278

When More Power Makes Actors Worse off: Turning a Profit in the American Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We propose a theory which predicts that an increase in an actor's relative power reduces the actor's rewards in high mutual dependence dyads. Our argument is based on the premise that higher relative power gives the more powerful actor a greater share of surplus, but it also reduces dyadic exchange frequency, which lowers the expected magnitude…

Piskorski, Mikolaj Jan; Casciaro, Tiziana

2006-01-01

279

United States military strategy in the Persian Gulf. Study project  

SciTech Connect

The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic, and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security interests in the Persian Gulf region. This paper analyzes the United States military strategy designed to insure the US and its allies continued access to Persian Gulf oil and to suggest alternatives for possible improvement. Although the focus is on US military strategy in the Persian Gulf, it also covers others aspects of US national security policy and strategy. US military policy in the Persian Gulf is derived from a complex process that inextricably links the elements of national strategy with the elements of national power. Conclusions about US policy and strategy in the Persian Gulf that are properly focused and logical require an understanding of US interests and their priorities; US strategies and their feasibility; plus US capabilities and their limitations.

Whitehead, E.E.

1989-03-27

280

Toward a Positive Military Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the role of positive psychology–based research and application in advancing the science and practice of military psychology. The role of positive psychology in military training, clinical application, and enhancing the welfare and well-being of military spouses and children is reviewed. Early research suggests that positive psychology–derived constructs may offer substantial advances across the spectrum of military psychology.

Michael D. Matthews

2008-01-01

281

Neil Gaiman's American Gods: An Outsider's Critique of American Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001, Neil Gaiman published American Gods, a novel of American life and mythology. As a British author living in the United States, Gaiman has a powerful vantage point from which to critique American culture, landscape, and ideology. Rich with re-invented deities, legends, mythic creatures, and folk heroes cast in a decidedly American mold, American Gods examines the American character,

Mark Hill

2005-01-01

282

HIV ban in military.  

PubMed

The Defense Department has written into its budget a proposal to discharge all HIV-positive members of the armed services. The House Committee on National Security has approved the fiscal 1996 defense budget with the ban included. Rep. Robert K. Dornan, R- Calif., contends that having HIV-positive service members in the military compromises the nation's readiness because, under Defense Department policy, they cannot be stationed abroad. However, only one-fifth of all service members on limited assignment have HIV, the others have diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. This shows the military's readiness to discriminate against HIV-positive individuals, according to William J. Freeman of the National Association of People with AIDS. Currently all recruits are tested for HIV; if they test positive, they are denied entry to the armed services. All service members are tested annually for HIV antibodies. In anticipation of cutbacks in military-related AIDS research due to the Republican control of Congress, the military has begun to eliminate most of the AIDS research it conducts. PMID:11362530

1995-06-16

283

Challenging Joint Military Intelligence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military intelligence was shaped over four decades by the Soviet threat, emerging weapons systems, and increasing defense budgets. A sea change began with the demise of the old Soviet empire, the crisis in the Persian Gulf, and growing involvement in Unit...

J. J. Clapper

1994-01-01

284

Classification of Military Offenders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this detailed clinical study of 20 military offenders participating in the Air Force retraining program, three types of offenders were identified: (1) neurotic; (2) immature yet socially conforming; and (3) antisocial. Findings suggest a continuity between personality patterns exhibited by juvenile delinquents and the patterns in adult…

Caensbauer, Theodore J.; Lazerwitz, Jerrold L.

1979-01-01

285

Anticipating military nanotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to some military visionaries, warriors will wield rifles that fire small self-guided missiles, dispatch flying mini-robots and micro-sensor nets as scouts and sentries, and carry devices that can gather water in any environment. They will be networked to tactical command through helmets that provide an \\

JÜRGEN ALTMANN; MARK GUBRUD

2004-01-01

286

Safeguarding Military Critical Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the basic characteristics of virtually every system in the U.S. military is the utilization of superior technology. Technology allows our systems to see farther, be more accurate, process more information, and shorten the decision making cycle. Tec...

B. S. Goda

2005-01-01

287

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... for parents created by the Department of Defense. Shutdown is Over - What's Next for Military Families Just hours after Congress passed the measure with broad bipartisan support, President Obama signed a bill to reopen the government & extend the debt ceiling. Find out what's next ...

288

Measurement of a Peak in the Cosmic Microwave Background Power Spectrum from the North American Test Flight of Boomerang.  

PubMed

We describe a measurement of the angular power spectrum of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at scales of 0&fdg;3 to 5 degrees from the North American test flight of the Boomerang experiment. Boomerang is a balloon-borne telescope with a bolometric receiver designed to map CMB anisotropies on a long-duration balloon flight. During a 6 hr test flight of a prototype system in 1997, we mapped more than 200 deg(2) at high Galactic latitudes in two bands centered at 90 and 150 GHz with a resolution of 26&arcmin; and 16&farcm;5 FWHM, respectively. Analysis of the maps gives a power spectrum with a peak at angular scales of 1 degrees with an amplitude 70 µK(CMB). PMID:10859118

Mauskopf; Ade; de Bernardis P; Bock; Borrill; Boscaleri; Crill; DeGasperis; De Troia G; Farese; Ferreira; Ganga; Giacometti; Hanany; Hristov; Iacoangeli; Jaffe; Lange; Lee; Masi; Melchiorri; Melchiorri; Miglio; Montroy; Netterfield; Pascale; Piacentini; Richards; Romeo; Ruhl; Scannapieco; Scaramuzzi; Stompor; Vittorio

2000-06-20

289

Drugs on the Border: The Role of the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mention military involvement in counter-drugs, and the fictional Tom Clancy-conceived scenario above may provide the sort of images that come to the average American's mind. Bloody, violent acts committed against culpable drug smugglers are the stuff of b...

D. E. Brown

1991-01-01

290

Counterinsurgency Lessons from Iraq (Military Review, March-April 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military war in Iraq ended in 2008, although political conflict among Sunnis, Shi'ites, and Kurds will continue for decades. At the same time, the war in Afghanistan has heated up, with more American troops committed to battle. This article, based on ...

B. West

2009-01-01

291

Military and the Media: A Question of Ethics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military and the media have had a rocky association since at least the American Civil War, but the relationship has taken a decidedly negative turn over the past 25 to 30 years. It is the author's assertion that the major factor in this deterioration ...

T. S. Yarbrough

1994-01-01

292

Public Confidence in the U.S. Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is little consensus among scholars regarding the level of esteem the American people have for the U.S. Military. This article examines these attitudes through an analysis of survey data collected between 1964 and 1975 from three major data sets. The authors categorize the data into to seven major categories, and provide an evaluation of leaders, conscription, the defense budget,

David R. Segal; John D. Blair

1976-01-01

293

The Doctors Mayo and military medicine.  

PubMed

This paper has described an historical range of seldom known accomplishments that are directly attributable to the Doctors Mayo in the field of military medicine. Military service, selfless dedication, and a sense of genuine patriotism can be recognized and identified as instilled in the Mayo brothers by their father's example of service during the Civil War era. World War I presented an opportunity for the medical profession to receive important recognition and representation at the highest levels of national defense with the organization and establishment of the General Medical Board of the Council of National Defense. From its inception both Mayo brothers became alternating members of the Board's executive committee. Also, during World War I, a Mayo Clinic pathologist, Dr. Louis B. Wilson, pioneered field laboratory services and conducted a special study, at the request of the Surgeon General of the Army, on the caliber of the bullet used at that time. Dr. Wilson's tireless work after the war and dedication helped foster the evolution of the American College of Clinical Pathologists. The Doctors Mayo always kept a feeling of strong personal remembrance of, and gratitude for, the contributions of the American soldier in the cause of world peace and American prosperity. The Doctors Mayo were strategic thinkers when it came to National Defense, and it is with a feeling of almost haunting prophetic significance to consider their timeless wisdom on preparedness as a means to ensure peace. PMID:2126062

Nelson, C W; Kutch, J M

1990-07-01

294

From market globalism to imperial globalism: Ideology and american power after 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

As capitalist liberalism reinvented itself in the last two decades, it drew largely on the ideas of nineteenth-century free-market philosophers. The Anglo-American framers of globalism spoke softly and persuasively as they sought to attract people worldwide to their vision of globalization as a leaderless, inevitable juggernaut that would ultimately engulf the entire world and produce democracy and material benefits for

Manfred B. Steger

2005-01-01

295

Power-plant siting in the American Southwest: an annotated bibliography. [233 annotated references to power plant siting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The references listed in this bibliography were compiled during an independent assessment of environmental, legal, and political constraints on bulk electric power plant siting in the southwestern US. The references include articles from technical and law journals, environmental publications, and government documents. Also included are reports from various organizations. The bibliography is divided into seven categories: Research Aides, Need for

M. S. Hamilton; R. J. Townsend

1981-01-01

296

Righteous realists: Perceptions of American power and responsibility in the nuclear age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a study of the moral and ethical dimensions of political realism in post-World War II America, especially in relation to realist thought on nuclear weapons issues. Emphasis is placed on evolving notions of power and responsibility as they form the basis for a realist philosophy of power in the nuclear age. It is argued that the realists developed

Rosenthal

1988-01-01

297

1. Photocopy of a photographca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of a photograph--ca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROELECTRIC PLANTS - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

298

Aluminum-air batteries for military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors review the basic characteristics of aluminum-air batteries, describe some of the recent advances involving aluminum anodes and air cathodes, aluminum-air batteries and demonstrate certain potential military applications. They can be transported as lightweight, collapsible batteries and can be filled with water at the site of operation. The alkaline Al\\/air battery is advantageous when a high power is desired.

B. M. L. Rao; R. Cook; W. Kobasz; G. D. Deuchars

1992-01-01

299

Marketing the military  

Microsoft Academic Search

On October 23, 1983, two days before the invasion of Grenada, young men watching football all over the United States were interrupted by the tragic news of a surprise terrorist attack that killed 240 U.S. Marines in Beirut.The same football game also featured another kind of interruption—numerous paid commercials for the military services—Army, Navy, and Air Force as well as

Daniel A. Buford

1993-01-01

300

Women in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of women in the military has a long history. Leaving aside the long and never-ending discussion about the question\\u000a in the past, we can conveniently approach the topic by means of scientific tools, offered by empirical sociological research.\\u000a Research on the subject is so far rather abundant, and it is feasible here to organize the discussion about the

Marina Nuciari

301

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-05-01

302

Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity.  

PubMed

The combatant soldier on the battlefield remains protected from any claim in negligence by the doctrine of combat immunity for any negligent act or omission they may make when fighting. In other words, the combatant soldier does not owe a fellow soldier a duty of care on the battlefield, as the duty of care is non-justiciable. However, the non-combatant Military Healthcare Professional, although sometimes operating in the same hostile circumstances as the fighting soldier, is unlikely to benefit from combat immunity for any clinical negligence on the battlefield. This is because they continue to owe their patient a duty of care, although this has not been tested in the courts. This paper considers if any military healthcare professional could ever benefit from combat immunity, which is unlikely due to their non-combatant status. Instead, this paper suggests that a modified form of immunity; namely, Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity could be a new, unique and viable doctrine, however, this could only be granted in rare circumstances and to a much lesser degree than combat immunity. PMID:23402067

Kelly, J C

2012-12-01

303

[Civilian-military coordination].  

PubMed

Current humanitarian emergencies create complex, mutidimensional situations that stimulate simultaneous responses from a wide variety of sources including governments, non-governmental organizations (NGO), United Nations agencies, and private individuals. As a result, it has become essential to establish a coherent framework in which each actor can contribute promptly and effectively to the overall effort. This is the role of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Regardless of the circumstances and level of coordination, cooperation and collaboration between humanitarian and military personnel, it is necessary to bear in mind their objectives. The purpose of humanitarian action is to reduce human suffering. The purpose of military intervention is to stop warfare. The author of this article will discuss the three major obstacles to civilian-military coordination (strategic, tactical, and operational). Operations cannot be conducted smoothly and differences cannot be ironed out without mutual respect between the two parties, an explicit definition of their respective duties and responsibilities, a clear understanding of their cultural differences, and the presence of an organization and facilities for coordination and arbitrage by a neutral referee. PMID:12534190

de Montravel, G

2002-01-01

304

Application of health technology in humanitarian response: U.S. Military deployed health technology summit--a summary.  

PubMed

Disasters are unpredictable, occurring without notice. They have a devastating effect and forever change the people they affect. We have witnessed the devastation from several significant events in 2010 and 2011, including the horrendous earthquakes in Haiti, Chili, New Zealand, and Japan. In the Japanese earthquake, a tsunami caused significant destruction to property and, of special concern, nuclear power plants along the Pacific Ocean, which will likely have a lasting impact worldwide. In a number of these events, the U.S. Military is often called upon to provide some level of support to help in the immediate aftermath. In early 2010, a massive earthquake struck the island nation of Haiti. In the days that followed, there was a significant influx of help from both military and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Although the response was not coordinated in any significant way, there was, nevertheless, wide application of various technologies as never before. Aside for the need to respond rapidly and efficiently, the U.S. Military is especially interested in how to utilize technology in a better way both internally and with NGOs. In the fall of 2010, the U.S. Army's Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center partnered with the American Telemedicine Association to bring together a group of experts from industry, government, and academia to assess the challenges and opportunities for applying technologies not only in combat missions but for humanitarian response as well. This article summarizes the "U.S. Military Deployed Health Technology Summit" held on September 29, 2010, in Baltimore, Maryland, highlighting significant points. It presents a balance of capabilities across a broad spectrum of technologies and will help the U.S. Military in defining a roadmap for research and development to strengthen its ability to respond in future disasters and humanitarian events. PMID:21718116

Doarn, Charles R; Barrigan, Cynthia R; Poropatich, Ronald K

2011-06-30

305

Iron and Nail: Civil-Military Relations in the People's Republic of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recurrent theme in China studies is the influence of the military in power politics and the extent to which its particular interests are under civilian control. Since Deng's resurgence to power, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) seems to have fallen into disfavor, but a reex amination of civil-military relations in the PRC shows that the situation is complex. Deng's

Wei-Chin Lee

1991-01-01

306

American Recovery & Reinvestment Act: Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Packs and Hydrogen Refueling for Lift Trucks  

SciTech Connect

HEB Grocery Company, Inc. (H-E-B) is a privately-held supermarket chain with 310 stores throughout Texas and northern Mexico. H-E-B converted 14 of its lift reach trucks to fuel cell power using Nuvera Fuel Cells’ PowerEdge™ units to verify the value proposition and environmental benefits associated with the technology. Issues associated with the increasing power requirements of the distribution center operation, along with high ambient temperature in the summer and other operating conditions (such as air quality and floor surface condition), surfaced opportunities for improving Nuvera’s PowerEdge fuel cell system design in high-throughput forklift environments. The project included on-site generation of hydrogen from a steam methane reformer, called PowerTap™ manufactured by Nuvera. The hydrogen was generated, compressed and stored in equipment located outside H-E-B’s facility, and provided to the forklifts by hydrogen dispensers located in high forklift traffic areas. The PowerEdge fuel cell units logged over 25,300 operating hours over the course of the two-year project period. The PowerTap hydrogen generator produced more than 11,100 kg of hydrogen over the same period. Hydrogen availability at the pump was 99.9%. H-E-B management has determined that fuel cell forklifts help alleviate several issues in its distribution centers, including truck operator downtime associated with battery changing, truck and battery maintenance costs, and reduction of grid electricity usage. Data collected from this initial installation demonstrated a 10% productivity improvement, which enabled H-E-B to make economic decisions on expanding the fleet of PowerEdge and PowerTap units in the fleet, which it plans to undertake upon successful demonstration of the new PowerEdge reach truck product. H-E-B has also expressed interst in other uses of hydrogen produced on site in the future, such as for APUs used in tractor trailers and refrigerated transport trucks in its fleet.

Block, Gus

2011-07-31

307

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electricity and Electronics. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Module 30: Intermediate Power Supplies; Module 31: RF, IF, and Video Amplifiers. Students Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student guidebook is designed for use with the study booklets in modules 30-31 included in the military-developed course on basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. An…

Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

308

The effects of varying meteorological conditions on power production at a central North American wind farm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind energy is playing an increasing role around the world in providing power to electrical grids. It is important to both the provider and consumer of wind energy to maximize power generation yields. One way to improve these yields is to have a more complete understanding of meteorological conditions at wind farms. This study contains an analysis of farm yields compared to atmospheric conditions in order to quantify the effect that atmospheric stability can have on power generation from wind. For three months, meteorological data were recorded by ten stations as well as a radar wind profiler at a wind farm in the Plains of Central North America. From these data, two measures of atmospheric characteristics are calculated: the bulk Richardson number and a power law exponent (?) for wind variation with height. Stable, neutral, and convective stability classes are defined, and power curves are generated based on these chosen classes. At this farm, convective conditions provide better yields for low wind speeds below 8m/s, while neutral and stable conditions provide better yields above that threshold. Cases in which low yields were found correlate well with ?: higher values, and thus higher shear, lead to lower power generation. This correlation is the opposite from those seen in a West Coast North America wind farm (Wharton and Lundquist, 2010). We surmise that the Plains site is influenced by nocturnal Low Level Jets which induce elevated levels of turbulence and could decrease power performance at the wind farm. An investigation of wind profiles with height at the site confirmed the presence of these jets during many of the times featuring low yields.

Vanderwende, B. J.; Lundquist, J. K.

2010-12-01

309

Interagency Advanced Power Group meeting minutes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains the minutes and viewgraphs from a meeting of military personnel on the subject of power generation and distribution systems for military applications. Topics include heating and cooling systems for standard shelters, SDIO power prog...

1991-01-01

310

Coming home revisited: family life and military deployment.  

PubMed

The war in Iraq and Afghanistan has involved the deployment of hundreds of thousands of American soldiers, many of whom are married and have children. The experience of one military family living through a deployment in Iraq in 2011 is discussed and interpreted in light of Parse's humanbecoming family model. The model provides a useful way for nurses, and others, to understand families, in a way that honors their values and struggles in an everchanging and unpredictable world. Included is a brief discussion on how communication technologies are changing the experience of military deployment for families. PMID:22753576

Baumann, Steven L; Smith, Donald G

2012-07-01

311

AmericanRadioWorks: Power and Smoke: A Nation Built on Coal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States gets over half of its electricity from burning coal, and this tremendously important resource remains one of the nation's greatest assets. However, it is not an asset without problems, as the burning of coal has brought with it tremendous levels of air pollution and other problems. This latest radio documentary from the American RadioWorks group was produced by Catherine Winter, and it explores various aspects of coal production in the United States. The program also offers some historical perspective on the subject. The program can be listened to in its entirety here, or visitors can also download it for their own use. Along the way, visitors will hear from environmental history professor Joel Tarr, museum director Anne Madarasz, and smog museum director Don Pavelko.

312

Production of Liquid Synthetic Fuels from Carbon, Water and Nuclear Power on Ships and at Shore Bases for Military and Potential Commercial Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is demonstrable that synthetic fuels (jet\\/diesel\\/gasoline â (CHâ){sub n}) can be produced from carbon, water, and nuclear energy. What remains to be shown is that all system processes are scalable, integrable, and economical. Sources of carbon include but are not limited to COâ from the atmosphere or seawater, COâ from fossil-fired power plants, and elemental carbon from coal or

S. Locke Bogart; Ken Schultz; Lloyd Brown; Ben Russ

2006-01-01

313

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Packs and Hydrogen Refueling for Lift Trucks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

H.E.B. Grocery Company, Inc. (H-E-B) is a privately-held supermarket chain with 310 stores throughout Texas and northern Mexico. The company converted 14 of its lift reach trucks to fuel cell power to verify the value proposition and environmental benefit...

G. Block H. E. Butt

2012-01-01

314

The Secular Revolution: Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Secular Revolution is an examination of the means by which the university as an institution enabled the secularization of America. From a dominant Protestant establishment in the mid-1800s, science, psychology, law, journalism, medicine and biology authorized the secular revolution. A rising capitalism, a continuing immigrant population increasing the power of cities, also played important roles in this radical shift.

Harvey Sarles

2004-01-01

315

Student-Powered Science: Science Education for and by African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A liberatory pedagogy, from a Freirean perspective, seeks to transform the classroom into a dialogic and student-powered learning environment by restructuring the student-teacher dichotomy. The purpose is change--not only to individual students' lives and opportunities but also to the wider social reality. While these are the goals of many science…

Seiler, Gale; Gonsalves, Allison

2010-01-01

316

Evolution of Clinical Military Psychology Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethical quandaries for military psychologists are a challenge. Effective military mental health providers must have a thorough understanding of their ethics code, pertinent military instructions, military law, and the mental health laws of the countries in which they practice. This article traces the evolution of clinical military psychology ethics from World War II to present day and serves to introduce

Carrie H. Kennedy; Bret A. Moore

2007-01-01

317

Military technical revolution: A structural framework. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new security environment has a number of distinguishing characteristics. The formerly dominant bipolar power structure now exists only artificially, in the nuclear balance. By every measure of usable power, economic and political as well as military, the world is at a thoroughly multilateral stage, albeit with a single and unquestioned lead actor: the United States. But more and more

J. Shaffer; B. Ederington

1993-01-01

318

Development of the Press-Military 'Crunch' in the Persian Gulf: 'Wuz the Public Robbed'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the aftermath of the Gulf War, the American Public reflects with satisfaction on the performance of coalition forces, mostly as reported by a favorable media. Similarly, the American military is for the most part not unhappy with the media's presentati...

S. Rasmussen

1992-01-01

319

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

320

Torture, sex and military Orientalism.  

PubMed

This article revisits the debate about recent American torture practices, particularly the use of discredited anthropological texts to validate long-held Orientalist assumptions about the sexual vulnerability of Muslim males. Such practices are placed in an historical context of older imperial constructions of sexually deviant Muslims as well as of more general forms of gendered and sexual subordination required for war. American torturers intended to produce very particular objects of torture—ones willing and able to confess their 'true' orientation in terms of a binary hetero/homo sexual code established in 19th-century Europe. The torturers had the power to confirm through confession and re-enactment their crude assumptions, irrespective of the actual sexualities of those being tortured, with consequences for the transnational and reactionary politics of sexual identity. PMID:21280374

Owens, Patricia

2010-01-01

321

Japanese power electronics inverter technology and its impact on the American air conditioning industry  

SciTech Connect

Since 1983, technological advances and market growth of inverter- driven variable-speed heat pumps in Japan have been dramatic. The high level of market penetration was promoted by a combination of political, economic, and trade policies in Japan. A unique environment was created in which the leading domestic industries-- microprocessor manufacturing, compressors for air conditioning and refrigerators, and power electronic devices--were able to direct the development and market success of inverter-driven heat pumps. As a result, leading US variable-speed heat pump manufacturers should expect a challenge from the Japanese producers of power devices and microprocessors. Because of the vertically-integrated production structure in Japan, in contrast to the out-sourcing culture of the United States, price competition at the component level (such as inverters, sensors, and controls) may impact the structure of the industry more severely than final product sales. 54 refs., 47 figs., 1 tab.

Ushimaru, Kenji.

1990-08-01

322

Japanese power electronics inverter technology and its impact on the American air conditioning industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1983, technological advances and market growth of inverter-driven variable-speed heat pumps in Japan have been dramatic. The high level of market penetration was promoted by a combination of political, economic, and trade policies in Japan. A unique environment was created in which the leading domestic industries, microprocessor manufacturing, compressors for air conditioning and refrigerators, and power electronic devices, were able to direct the development and market success of inverter-driven heat pumps. As a result, leading U.S. variable-speed heat pump manufacturers should expect a challenge from the Japanese producers of power devices and microprocessors. Because of the vertically-integrated production structure in Japan, in contrast to the out-sourcing culture of the United States, price competition at the component level (such as inverters, sensors, and controls) may impact the structure of the industry more severely than final product sales.

Ushimaru, Kenji

1990-08-01

323

Soft power as the new norm: How the Chinese-Russian strategic partnership (soft) balances American hegemony in an era of unipolarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how great powers not allied with the United States formulate their grand strategies in a unipolar international system. Specifically, it analyzes the strategies China and Russia have developed to deal with U.S. hegemony by examining how Moscow and Beijing have responded to American intervention in Central Asia. The study argues that China and Russia have adopted a

Chaka Ferguson

2011-01-01

324

Soft Power as the New Norm: How the Chinese-Russian Strategic Partnership (Soft) Balances American Hegemony in an Era of Unipolarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how great powers not allied with the United States formulate their grand strategies in a unipolar international system. Specifically, it analyzes the strategies China and Russia have developed to deal with U.S. hegemony by examining how Moscow and Beijing have responded to American intervention in Central Asia. The study argues that China and Russia have adopted a

Chaka Ferguson

2011-01-01

325

Our Men Are Grinding Out: A Qualitative Examination of Sex Ratio Imbalances, Relationship Power, and Low-Income African American Women's Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, the number of HIV\\/AIDS cases among women of color is increasing, with African American women now comprising 60% of all female AIDS cases. Scholars have attributed this imbalance to social factors. The aim of this study was to explore the impact that relationship power has on heterosexual women's ability to practice safer sex. Five focus groups

Jean M. Breny Bontempi; Eugenia Eng; Sandra Crouse Quinn

2008-01-01

326

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Cotesworth Slessor and the Anglo-American Air Power Alliance, 1940-1945.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sir John C. Slessor (1897-1979) was one of Great Britain's most influential airmen of the Second World War. He played a remarkable and extensive role in building the Anglo-American air power partnership as an air planner on the Royal Air Force Staff, the ...

C. J. Connolly

2001-01-01

327

Recruits' Military Preferences and Their Accommodation by the Military Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research report provides information on recruits' military occupational preferences, match of military assignments to recruits' preferences, and changes that occur in these preferences between service entry and completion of basic training. Questionnaires were administered to recruits from four services just before classification interviewing…

Hoehn, Arthur J.; And Others

328

Technology of military conflict, military spending, and war  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies how the technology of military conflict affects the allocation of resources in military spending (“guns”) and productive investment (“butter”). We first identify the fundamental property of conflict technology which the two commonly used contest success functions, the difference and ratio forms, share. Using this property, named the constant elasticity of augmentation, we construct a new class of

Sung-Ha Hwang

2012-01-01

329

Military Pedagogy. A Soviet View. Soviet Military Thought Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A constant theme running throughout this book is that the principles of Soviet military instruction are fundamentally different from the principles of training in western military establishments. The overriding concern of this theme is that purposefulness and the Communist Party approach are the essence of the entire Soviet educational process.…

Danchenko, A. M., Ed.; Vydrin, I. F., Ed.

330

‘Tactical athletes’: the United States Paralympic Military Program and the mobilization of the disabled soldier\\/athlete  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the commencement of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, over 35,000 American military personnel have returned home with serious physical and psychological wounds, including amputations, traumatic brain injuries and paralysis. In 2004, amidst an increasingly militarized culture shaped by Bush-era wartime policies, the US Paralympics, a division of the US Olympic Committee, created the Paralympic Military Program (PMP) to

Callie Batts; David L. Andrews

2011-01-01

331

Visions of the Enemy from the Field and from Abroad: Revisiting CIA and Military Expectations of the Tet Offensive  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the January 1968 Tet holiday approached, CIA analysts and American commanders in South Vietnam developed more accurate conclusions about communist military strategy than did intelligence analysts at CIA headquarters. Besides valuing different types of intelligence, General William Westmoreland, Lieutenant General Frederick Weyand, and CIA analysts in Saigon also placed greater emphasis on new information about communist military strategy than

Alexander Ovodenko

2011-01-01

332

Military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle

2011-12-01

333

History and Significance of Military Packaging.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work deals with the logistics doctrine of military packaging. Military packaging came about because military planners overlooked the need to protect materiel from the storage and transportation stresses first encountered during World War II. These ex...

J. C. Maloney

1996-01-01

334

Effectiveness and Efficiencies of Private Military Corporations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigates private military corporations (PMCs) to examine their effectiveness and efficiency as a substitute for traditional military forces. The PMC consists of a for profit firm that provides military services that range from combat operat...

R. A. Burge

2008-01-01

335

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1993, President Clinton modified military policy on providing abortions at military medical facilities. Under the change, military medical facilities were allowed to perform abortions if paid for entirely by non-DOD funds (i.e., privately funded). Alth...

D. F. Burrelli

2010-01-01

336

Conceptual Approach for Military Data Fusion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military operations become more and more complex. Information overload, and uncompleted and uncertain data made military information system design a challenge that would confer or withhold information superiority. The latter could represent military super...

L. Pigeon

2002-01-01

337

74 FR 43685 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Military Leadership Diversity Commission AGENCY: Office...advisory committee meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC) will take...for the commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to discuss...

2009-08-27

338

Foreign Policy, National Security Strategy, and Morality: The Enduring Relevance of the Just War Theory to Military Strategy and Intervention.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is a closely woven nexus between foreign policy, military policy, and morality underscoring the American political system. The United States' political tradition, at least since 1945, has encompassed the imperative to not only maintain its powe...

C. J. Rathbun

1997-01-01

339

77 FR 5501 - City of Hamilton, Ohio; American Municipal Power, Inc.; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 12667-031] City of Hamilton, Ohio; American Municipal...2011. d. Applicant: City of Hamilton, Ohio and American Municipal...Captain Anthony Meldahl locks and dam on the Ohio River, near the...Description of Request: The City of Hamilton, Ohio and American...

2012-02-03

340

OLED study for military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presentation deals with some applications of OLED displays in military optronic systems, which are scheduled by SAGEM DS (Defence and Security). SAGEM DS, one of the largest group in the defence and security market, is currently investigating OLED Technologies for military programs. This technology is close from being chosen for optronic equipment such as future infantry night vision goggles,

F. Barre; A. Chiquard; S. Faure; L. Landais; P. Patry

2005-01-01

341

Nonlethality: Arming the postmodern military  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the term ‘revolution in military affairs’ has been widely bandied about following the end of the Cold War, Professor Gregory Foster here argues that in the United States at least, the conceptual and strategic atmosphere is anything but revolutionary, sticking to the Cold War status quo in thinking about military options. Using the example of developed and developing technologies

Gregory D. Foster

1997-01-01

342

Terrorism and the Military Response.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research memorandum discusses the terrorist threat to the United States, with emphasis on the fact that the US military has increasingly been a target of terrorist activity. Situations which may require the use of US military force are considered, an...

K. E. Roberts

1975-01-01

343

Military Justice Procedure Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term 'procedure' is used at the Naval Justice School to refer generally to the rules, regulations, and laws which exist for the administration of the military justice system. The purpose of the procedure course is to enable a military lawyer to unders...

1983-01-01

344

Claire Lee Chennault: Military Genius.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military genius is a rare and valued individual. Carl von Clausewitz wrote extensively on the necessity for and determinants of the military genius. Specifically he wrote of the need for an inquiring mind, a comprehensive approach, and a calm head. Cl...

P. N. Brown

1995-01-01

345

Outlook for Military Operations Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document surveys developments in warfare and military operations research, to see what lessons these may hold for the future. Specifically, the author assesses two possibilities: (1) that there is a need to reform military O.R. to purge it of accumul...

T. E. Anger

1983-01-01

346

New Soviet Military District Formed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fifteen military districts into which the Soviet Union is divided have recently been increased by the addition of one more-a sixteenth. This is the Central Asian Military District, the territory of which was taken from the extremely expansive Turkesta...

1970-01-01

347

Sources of Perceptions Military Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data from the Youth Attitude Tracking Study (YATS) indicate that perceptions of military Service are dominated by word-of-mouth communications with others, particularly persons who are or have been in the military, and by the media -- primarily movies. Ea...

J. Lehnus M. Wilson

1999-01-01

348

INDIVIDUAL NEEDS AND MILITARY TURNOVER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review individual differences factors that are likely to play a role in the process of military withdrawal. Four broad categories of factors relevant to military turnover have been identified. These are unmet expectations, work-family concerns, job related attitudes, and person-job fit. Unmet expectations expressed in the form of post- entry experiences concerning more

Hayriye Canan Sümer

349

Military Fathers' Perspectives on Involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military fathers endure repeated separations from their children. In this qualitative study we describe military fathers' range of involvement with their children, paying special attention to the implications of deployment separation and reintegration. We discuss father involvement using three overlapping major domains of functioning: cognitive, affective, and behavioral. Additionally, we consider how types of father involvement differ vis-à-vis child age.

Elaine Willerton; Rona L. Schwarz; Shelley M. MacDermid Wadsworth; Mary Schultheis Oglesby

2011-01-01

350

Military R&D Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military research and development (R&D) in Western countries and the USSR are analyzed in terms of growth; self-perception of R&D personnel; relationships with industry and the state bureaucracy; reproduction schemes which result in war-oriented work; and worker training. Prospects are slim for the conversion of military production to civilian…

Albrecht, Ulrich

1983-01-01

351

Installation of the first Distributed Energy Storage System (DESS) at American Electric Power (AEP).  

SciTech Connect

AEP studied the direct and indirect benefits, strengths, and weaknesses of distributed energy storage systems (DESS) and chose to transform its entire utility grid into a system that achieves optimal integration of both central and distributed energy assets. To that end, AEP installed the first NAS battery-based, energy storage system in North America. After one year of operation and testing, AEP has concluded that, although the initial costs of DESS are greater than conventional power solutions, the net benefits justify the AEP decision to create a grid of DESS with intelligent monitoring, communications, and control, in order to enable the utility grid of the future. This report details the site selection, construction, benefits and lessons learned of the first installation, at Chemical Station in North Charleston, WV.

Nourai, Ali (American Electric Power Company, Columbus, OH)

2007-06-01

352

Blackwater vs. bin Laden: The Private Sector's Role in American Counterterrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the United States government's use of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in support of its post–9\\/11 counterterrorism efforts. To date, existing studies on defense privatization have concentrated largely on the American military's use of contractors in Iraq. Here, the focus is broadened to examine PMSC support for military operations in Afghanistan, covert operations in Afghanistan and

David Perry

2012-01-01

353

What We Don't Know About the Coups: Observations on Recent South American Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the wake of the Latin American military coups of the 1960s and 1970s, an extensive and impressive body of literature explored the origins and development of these new military regimes. This paper examines some of the high points of this literature: Huntington's and Nun's proposals of the military as the agent of the modernizing middle classes, Skidmore's focus on

John Markoff; Silvio R. Duncan Baretta

1986-01-01

354

Production of Liquid Synthetic Fuels from Carbon, Water and Nuclear Power on Ships and at Shore Bases for Military and Potential Commercial Applications  

SciTech Connect

It is demonstrable that synthetic fuels (jet/diesel/gasoline {approx_equal} (CH{sub 2}){sub n}) can be produced from carbon, water, and nuclear energy. What remains to be shown is that all system processes are scalable, integrable, and economical. Sources of carbon include but are not limited to CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere or seawater, CO{sub 2} from fossil-fired power plants, and elemental carbon from coal or biomass. For mobile defense (Navy) applications, the ubiquitous atmosphere is our chosen carbon source. For larger-scale sites such as Naval Advance Bases, the atmosphere may still be the choice should other sources not be readily available. However, at many locations suitable for defense and, potentially, commercial syn-fuel production, far higher concentrations of carbon may be available. The rationale for this study was manifold: fuel system security from terrorism and possible oil embargoes; rising demand and, eventually, peaking supply of conventional petroleum; and escalating costs and prices of fuels. For these reasons, the initial parts of the study were directed at Syn-fuel production for mobile Naval platforms and shore sites such as Rokkasho, Japan (as an exemplar). Nuclear reactors would provide the energy for H{sub 2} from water-splitting, Membrane Gas Absorption (MGA) would extract CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere, the Reverse Water-Gas Reaction (RWGR) would convert the CO{sub 2} to CO, and the resultant H{sub 2} and CO feeds would be converted to (CH{sub 2})n by the Fischer-Tropsch reaction. Many of these processes exist at commercial scale. Some, particularly MGA and RWGR, have been demonstrated at the bench-scale, requiring up-scaling. Likewise, the demonstration of an integrated system at some scale is yet to be done. For ship-based production, it has been shown that the system should be viable and, under reasonable assumptions, both scalable and economical for defense fuels. For the assumptions in the study, fuel cost estimates range from {approx} $2.55 to $4.75 per gallon with a nominal cost of {approx} $3.65 per gallon. For large installations and advanced nuclear power and hydrogen production systems (high temperature reactors and thermo-chemical hydrogen production), then fuel production might be produced at near-commercial fuel prices. For the H2-MHR and plausible assumptions and estimates of CO{sub 2} extraction and fuel synthesis capital and operating costs, such fuels might have nominal and low production costs ranging from {approx} $2.40 to $1.70 per gallon, respectively, for a Public Sector Fixed Charge Rate of 5%. Next, it was shown that for CO{sub 2} provided from a fossil-fired power plant, a CO{sub 2} 'disposal' fee of $30/tonne and a Fixed Charge Rate of 10%, then syn-fuel might be produced at {approx} $3.00 and $2.45 (nominal cost values) and $1.90 and $1.85 (low cost values) per gallon by LWRs and H2-MHRs, respectively. Last, it was shown that nuclear-produced H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} could convert coal to liquid fuels at very low cost. For a Fixed Charge Rate of 10% and nominal plant costs, fuel costs ranged from {approx} $1.60 (LWR) per gallon to {approx} $1.30 (H2-MHR) for an assumed CO{sub 2} avoidance credit of $30/Tonne. Our studies have shown that the addition of nuclear-produced hydrogen and oxygen to the coal syn-fuel process can greatly reduce CO{sub 2} production and, for modest CO{sub 2} credit, can further reduce the cost of the syn-fuel. Capturing CO{sub 2} from stack gas or even the air will further reduce the amount of CO{sub 2} that must be dealt with. This last case is independent of the price of fossil fuels and liquid fuel production costs and prices will have been capped. Of possibly even greater importance, the carbon fuel cycle will have been closed, thus minimizing or eliminating concerns with Global Climate Change. (authors)

Locke Bogart, S. [7982 Chaucer Drive, Weeki Wachee, FL 34607 (United States); Schultz, Ken; Brown, Lloyd; Russ, Ben [General Atomics 3550 General Atomics Court, San Diego, CA 92121 (United States)

2006-07-01

355

American renaissance.  

PubMed

A twenty-first century American renaissance is in the making. Powerful social, political, technological, economic and spiritual forces are converging to create new possibilities for our nation and our health care system. We are becoming a designer nation. An increasing percentage of our population are cultural creative with a mandate to create a healthier society that works for everyone. PMID:11276953

Kaiser, L R

356

Comments on a military transatmospheric aerospace plane  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conceptual design of a military transatmospheric aerospace plane candidate involves the selection of the mission(s), operating environment, operational concept, payload definition, specific design choices, and a close look at the technology base. A broad range of missions and concepts were reviewed prior to the selection of the mission and concepts presented in this paper. The mission selected was CONUS based global strike. The flight profile selected was a boost-glide-skip unrefuled global range trajectory. Two concepts were selected. The first was a rocket-powered design and the second was a combined air-breathing and rocket powered design. The rocket-powered configuration is a high lift-to-drag ratio modified lifting body. The rocket engine is an advanced dual fuel linear aero-spike. The air-breathing powered configuration is a modified waverider configuration. The engine for the air-breather is a rocket based combined cycle engine. Performance and technology readiness comparisons are presented for the two concepts. The paper closes with a discussion of lessons learned about military transatmospheric aerospace planes over the past twenty years.

Chase, R. L.

1997-01-01

357

Toxicology and military anaesthesia.  

PubMed

The combination of trauma and poisoning is a situation likely to be faced by a deployed force at some point. This article provides practical advice on how to deal with poisoned patients without deviating from the concept of damage control resuscitation. The constraints of limited diagnostics, both at the scene and clinically, and lack of antidotal therapy are fundamental to the practice of clinical toxicology. Some of the specific therapies such as atropine and oximes were not evaluated prior to their introduction and there are few randomised controlled trials of poisoned patients. Most of the diagnoses will be made on clinical grounds and most of the therapy will be supportive; this article aims to reassure military anaesthetists in the process of dealing with the poisoned trauma patient. PMID:21302652

Nicholson-Roberts, T C

2010-12-01

358

Aerobic power, huddling and the efficiency of torpor in the South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides.  

PubMed

During periods of cold, small endotherms depend on a continuous supply of food and energy to maintain euthermic body temperature (T(b)), which can be challenging if food is limited. In these conditions, energy-saving strategies are critical to reduce the energetic requirements for survival. Mammals from temperate regions show a wide arrange of such strategies, including torpor and huddling. Here we provide a quantitative description of thermoregulatory capacities and energy-saving strategies in Dromiciops gliroides, a Microbiotherid marsupial inhabiting temperate rain forests. Unlike many mammals from temperate regions, preliminary studies have suggested that this species has low capacity for control and regulation of body temperature, but there is still an incomplete picture of its bioenergetics. In order to more fully understand the physiological capacities of this "living fossil", we measured its scope of aerobic power and the interaction between huddling and torpor. Specifically, we evaluated: (1) the relation between basal (BMR) and maximum metabolic rate (MMR), and (2) the role of huddling on the characteristics of torpor at different temperatures. We found that BMR and MMR were above the expected values for marsupials and the factorial aerobic scope (from [Formula: see text]CO(2)) was 6.0±0.45 (using [Formula: see text]CO(2)) and 6.2±0.23 (using [Formula: see text]O(2)), an unusually low value for mammals. Also, repeatability of physiological variables was non-significant, as in previous studies, suggesting poor time-consistency of energy metabolism. Comparisons of energy expenditure and body temperature (using attached data-loggers) between grouped and isolated individuals showed that at 20°C both average resting metabolic rate and body temperature were higher in groups, essentially because animals remained non-torpid. At 10°C, however, all individuals became torpid and no differences were observed between grouped and isolated individuals. In summary, our study suggests that the main response of Dromiciops gliroides to low ambient temperature is reduced body temperature and torpor, irrespective of huddling. Low aerobic power and low time-consistency of most thermoregulatory traits of Dromiciops gliroides support the idea of poor thermoregulatory abilities in this species. PMID:23259051

Franco, Marcela; Contreras, Carolina; Cortés, Pablo; Chappell, Mark A; Soto-Gamboa, Mauricio; Nespolo, Roberto F

2012-09-24

359

Questioning power structures and competitiveness in pedagogy insights from North American Indian and Philippine pedagogies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper begins with case studies of innovative approaches to the education of Aboriginal Canadian Peoples and Philippine Aboriginal Peoples. These illustrate that, in such situations, where more traditional approaches have little success, the power to design, implement and evaluate educational programs can beneficially be shared between teacher and learner. Learners co-operate with each other in deciding what they need to learn. They examine their own needs and issues and assess their learning in terms of their cultural, economic and community value systems. Leadership is shared with the teacher/facilitators and word, image, number, gesture and sound are all employed to acquire knowledge and to demonstrate what that knowledge means to the group. In this particular enterprise, popular theatre has a major role to play in democratizing the provision of education and in encouraging educational development in circumstances where other approaches have been ineffectual. In the latter part of the paper, a model of education implied by the case studies is constructed and examined to provide alternatives to the traditional views of epistemology, of ethics and of pedagogy based on a notion of democracy as a daily struggle.

Bramwell, Roberta; Foreman, Kathleen

1993-11-01

360

Death of Military Justice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Buried within the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 was a provision offered by Mr. Patrick Murphy of Pennsylvania to repeal Section 654 of Title 10 US Code, the so-called 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell Policy.' Advocates and the American med...

W. J. Gregor

2010-01-01

361

Tecumseh. The Story of an American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tecumseh, famed for his skills as an orator, warrior, military strategist, and leader of his Shawnee people, has been called one of the great American leaders. In 1812 he assembled 3,000 warriors from 32 American Indian tribes in an effort to save the Indian lands from the onslaught of the white soldiers and settlers. It was the largest Indian…

Schraff, Anne

362

American Acts of Force: Results and Misperceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines and evaluates the apparent results of 12 prominent examples of American acts of force ranging from its entry into World War I to North American Treaty Organization’s (NATO) massive air strike that ended the war in Bosnia. The values in terms of which I judge them are military success (to the extent that it promotes other values),

Ralph K. White

1998-01-01

363

Mexican-Americans in the Southwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 10 million Mexican Americans in the United States, 90% reside in the southwestern states of California, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Historically, the acquisition of Spanish speaking citizens by the U.S. has resulted from military conquest. Yet, Mexican Americans did not have a significant political voice until the high fatality…

Martinez, Reynaldo L.; And Others

364

Congressional Social Darwinism and the American Indian  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing a congressional report on civil and military treatment of American Indians, this article asserts that the social Darwinism of the day prevailed among all congressional committee members ("Even friends of the Indian... knew American expansionism, technology, and racial ideology would reduce the Indian to a pitiful remnant...) (JC)

Blinderman, Abraham

1978-01-01

365

Climate change and the military in China, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

National security agencies of four major powers—the United States, Russia, China, and the United Kingdom—see their militaries taking on additional roles in domestic disaster relief because of the effects of global climate change. Otherwise, national security actors show drastically different responses to climate change. The US and Russian militaries are planning for a thawing of the Arctic; but outside the

Michael Brzoska

2012-01-01

366

Military Famine, Human Rights, and Child Hunger: A Cross-National Analysis, 1990-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussions of world hunger have focused on economic growth and international food aid, assuming that food supply is the critical issue. The authors show that food access rooted in social stratification and military power is the central problem. Synthesizing the entitlement and military famine approaches to hunger, the authors examine the effects…

Jenkins, J. Craig; Scanlan, Stephen J.; Peterson, Lindsey

2007-01-01

367

Psychohistory before Hitler: early military analyses of German national psychology.  

PubMed

As part of a grandiose post-World War I psychological project to predict the behavior of nations, the U.S. Military Intelligence Division (MID) utilized racial and social psychological theories to explain an alleged problematic German national character. Though unsuccessful, this project has major significance in the history of psychohistory. For the newly discovered MID files reveal that ideas, attitudes, and biases many psychohistorians subsequently identified as manifestations of a peculiar German national character had previously been held by American officers and reputable psychologists. What American analysts would, in 1940, view as symptoms of a maladjusted German mind, their predecessors had, in 1920, considered valid scientific concepts. PMID:3286753

Bendersky, J W

1988-04-01

368

Military Police Operations and Counterinsurgency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Within the Department of Defense (DoD), each service is assigned military police officers, special investigators, and special agents charged with countering every kind of criminal activity. These personnel are highly skilled in obtaining evidence to disru...

M. R. Modarelli

2008-01-01

369

Military Status and Mental Illness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Generally, mental illness incidence rates varied considerably with military status. Overall, the incidence rate for petty officers was approximately twice that for officers, and the incidence rate for unrated enlisted men was more than twice that for pett...

E. K. E. Gunderson R. J. Arthur J. W. Richardson

1968-01-01

370

News Media and Military Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military/media relationship is seriously degraded because of mistrust between the two entities. Sources of this mistrust are analyzed, to include: cultural differences; the perception of biased reporting; misunderstanding and ignorance; and speculatio...

M. P. Erdle

1991-01-01

371

Homosexuality, Morality, and Military Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In December 1993, the Department of Defense issued directives that revised the military's exclusionary policy toward homosexuals. These directives marked the culmination of an intense period of public debate that placed little emphasis on the moral dimens...

M. A. Peterson

1997-01-01

372

Mechanisms of Military Coatings Degradation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When the Mechanisms of Military Coatings Degradation program was initiated four years ago, corrosion cost for the Department of Defense was estimated to be $10B/year. Therefore, logic followed that if a better understanding of coating degradation mechanis...

W. E. Kosik

2003-01-01

373

Military applications for ? titanium alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beta alloys are potentially useful for several types of nonaerospace military applications. The potential applications to be discussed in this article include armor, body armor, mortar barrels, and missile launch canisters.

Fanning, J. C.

2005-12-01

374

Military Review: SOF/LIC.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

CONTENTS: The Strategic Employment of Special Operations Forces; Today's Air Commandos: Air Force Special Operations Command; US Strategy and the Changing LIC Threat; The Case For Separating Civic Actions From Military Operations in LIC Threat; The Case f...

1991-01-01

375

Military Wages War on Pollution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A military base is like a city, and must deal with many of the same environmental, social and economic problems. Just like civilian communities, Department of Defense facilities must live within the same environmental laws and regulations and must comply ...

R. A. Young

1983-01-01

376

Military Standard: Engineering Drawing Practices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military standard 100E establishes the essential requirements and reference documents applicable to the preparation and revision of engineering drawings and associated lists for or by Departments and Agencies of the Department of Defense. Specification, s...

1991-01-01

377

Leadership in Small Military Units.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of a 16-hour military leadership training program for junior officers is described. The course was based in part on data from questionnaires used to measure leader behavior variables. Considerations such as leader-follower relationships an...

T. O. Jacobs

1968-01-01

378

Comparative Studies in Military Institutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The comparative study of military institutions has hitherto been constrained by the absence of hard data which could serve as the basis of evaluation. In addition, research has been adversely affected by the absence of a universally accepted analytical fr...

G. Harries-Jenkins

1977-01-01

379

Veterans and Military Family Health  

MedlinePLUS

... 23 million U.S. veterans. They face some different health issues from civilians. Likewise, their families may face ... loved ones Illnesses and injuries, including disabilities Mental health effects of military service, including post-traumatic stress ...

380

Military space capabilities and requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Representatives of the space commands of the three branches of U.S. military service discuss military aspects of space. The speakers' experience includes peacetime problems, domestic and international policies, and expertise in science, technology, and engineering. Specific topics addressed include operational capabilities and activities, contributions to the Gulf War, space initiatives, and responsibilities such as astronaut oversight, support of imaging and tracking radars, network control, and missile defense.

Kutyna, Donald J.; Keaveney, Michael W.; Browne, Herbert; Moorman, Thomas S., Jr.; Tuttle, Jerry; Dickman, Robert; Delrosso, Louis A.; Carlson, James; McCormick, Richard

381

Disturbing the Power Equilibrium: How Notions of Private and Public Construct the Lesbian Educator in the American School System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational institutions are places permeated with the dominant social ideology and are sites for social reproduction; that is, the American school socially reproduces the white, male heteronormativity of the American public life. These dominant institutions perpetuate privilege for some, but not for others who are not represented in the dominant discourse. At times rendered invisible and private inside the school,

Lillian Petrovich Brandt

2012-01-01

382

To the Crossing of the RhineAmerican Strategic Thought to World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

During World War II the Unites States was able overwhelm its enemies with the weight of its military resources. This strategic approach became so ingrained among political and military leadership after WWII that by the 1970's American strategy had become inflexible, as evident in the Vietnam War. Nevertheless, this strategic approach has not been the typical pattern of previous American

Russell F. Weigley

1979-01-01

383

POWER SPACES: MILITARY ARCHITECTURE OF THE LATE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various kinds of domestic architecture existed during the late sixteenth century (best viewed in screens known as Rakuchu Rakugai zu ~1fJ~..)i.~ depicting the city of Kyoto). The most common (and the least studied) are the long shingle-roofed rowhouses of commoners, which fronted the streets and often doubled as shop space. In contrast, wealthy courtiers and warriors lived in spacious mansions

Melinda Takeuchi

384

The Potential of Indigenous Energy Resources for Remote Military Bases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An examination of the potential of solar radiation, wind, and ocean waves to provide thermal and electrical power to standard remote military bases. Sufficient energy is shown to be available in the North Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, and the Cari...

T. T. Connors P. F. Morrison C. C. Mow R. G. Salter

1976-01-01

385

Information Operations: The Military's Role in Gaining Information Superiority.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The use of Information Operations (IO) as an integration process is paramount in today's information environment to achieve information superiority. If it is true that information is an element of national power, then IO is the U.S. military's contributio...

M. J. Dominique

2009-01-01

386

A novel impulse radio network for tactical military wireless communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two of the major concerns in tactical military wireless communication networks are covertness and throughput. Impulse radio is an ultra-wideband code division multiple access (UWB-CDMA) technique being considered as the physical layer for future networks. Impulse radio exhibits low power spectral density and relatively high immunity to fading but suffers from relatively long acquisition times. In traditional packet radio networks

Santosh S. Kolenchery; J. K. Townsend; J. A. Freebersyser

1998-01-01

387

Assessing public opinion toward the military. Research report  

SciTech Connect

Opinions and attitudes of the US public toward its military have shifted over the years from strong admiration to fear and contempt. A number of historical and cultural events have helped shape public opinion. Although public opinion is not predicated solely on what happens in an historical and cultural sense, it should be analyzed and documented on the premise that public opinion affects national power, and those things which affect national power are within the realm of interest of the military and national government. A perhaps frightening aspect of the dynamics of shifting public opinion is the dynamics of shifting public opinion is the uncontrolled nature of the shifts and the resultant impact on national power. Also influencing public opinion are developments in weapons and military technology, the massive Soviet propaganda effort, and the mass communications media. This paper is written with the purpose of raising the level of awareness of military and national leaders to the threat to national power which, although lying subtly out of view because it does not pose and immediate threat to our security, nonetheless offers a formidable challenge now. A broad proposal would lay the foundation for proper research and development. (Author)

Foster, C.H.

1985-05-01

388

USSR Report, Military Affairs Military History Journal No. 7, July 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Military History Journal, Soviet Military Art in the Great Patriotic War, Party Political Work, Military Leaders and Chiefs, Mastery and Heroism, Memoirs, Local Wars, Scientific Papers and Information, Criticism and Bibliography.

1984-01-01

389

37. Historic American Buildings Survey Wm. H. Knowles Collection San ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. Historic American Buildings Survey Wm. H. Knowles Collection San Francisco, California (Reproduced July 1, 1940) VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST ca. 1936 - Mission San Antonio de Padua, Hunter Liggett Military Reservation, Jolon, Monterey County, CA

390

American Revolution: Understanding the Limiting Factors of Washington's Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the American Revolution, as the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, George Washington was responsible for determining the military strategy of the rebellious colonies. Throughout the war, diplomatic, social, and economic factors prevented W...

D. D. Jones

2005-01-01

391

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January 1938 VIEW OF WEST FACADE FROM STREET (FRONT) - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

392

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January 1938 GENERAL VIEW FROM STREET - SOUTHWEST - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

393

Politics: The Militarization of American Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Politics is the continuation of War by other means. Or so it seems based on the record of military actions around the world since the demise of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Within the United States, the military instrument of power has as...

M. T. Moon

2006-01-01

394

Official Position of the Military TBI Task Force on the Role of Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology in the Evaluation, Management, and Research of Military Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Position Statement is a summary of the literature and learning regarding current issues raised by the occurrence, treatment, and study of traumatic brain injury in military service members and veterans. The Report has been approved by the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology (AACN), Divisions 40 (Neuropsychology) and 22 (Rehabilitation Psychology) of the American Psychological Association (APA), and the National

Michael McCrea; Neil Pliskin; Jeffrey Barth; David Cox; Joseph Fink; Louis French; Thomas Hammeke; David Hess; Alan Hopewell; Daniel Orme; Matthew Powell; Ron Ruff; Barbara Schrock; Lori Terryberry-Spohr; Rodney Vanderploeg; Ruth Yoash-Gantz

2008-01-01

395

Nonpetroleum mobility fuels and military-energy self-sufficiency  

SciTech Connect

Nonpetroleum hydrocarbon fuels will likely serve as transition fuels for a few decades after petroleum sources become scarce. But nonpetroleum hydrocarbon fuels are ultimately either nonrenewable (e.g., coal and oil shale synfuels) or are inefficient to produce. Nuclear sources (supplemented by solar, geothermal, etc., as available) for electric power generation and hydrogen production provide a combination that can be used for military energy needs including mobility fuels, namely liquid hydrogen. This approach can give the military energy self-sufficiency for stationary needs as well as ground vehicles, ships, and aircraft. System integration concepts are discussed, and concepts for a methodology to evaluate source-to-use pathways for different classes of military bases are outlined.

Freiwald, D.A.; Barattino, W.J.

1981-01-01

396

Military implications of atropine hypersensitivity.  

PubMed

Atropine hypersensitivity is a rarely reported condition. However, in the military environment, such reactions are of significant concern given the threat of chemical warfare and the use of atropine as a nerve agent antidote. Upon deployment to regions where chemical attacks are a threat, each service member is issued three 2-mg intramuscular autoinjectors of atropine for self-treatment. In the case presented here, an active duty service member presented to his Aid Station to request red dog tags for a previously identified allergy to atropine. Sensitivity testing revealed a significant reaction to <0.03 mg of intradermal atropine. This rarely reported reaction, in the military environment, poses a unique question regarding the suitability of deploying military members to areas where exposure to chemical warfare agents is possible. PMID:15186006

Hague, Jenifer D; Derr, Jeffrey J

2004-05-01

397

Ecoterrorism and nontraditional military threats.  

PubMed

The menace facing U.S. service personnel from ecoterrorism and other nontraditional threats may increase as military deployments in war and peace increase, the availability of devastating biological, chemical, and radioactive agents increases, and adversaries or terrorist groups become more inclined to use them. A vital concern for field medical commanders is the requirement to understand the environmental issues associated with military deployment. More important is the need to recognize potential ecological threats to deployed military troops. The Gulf War was replete with numerous documented acts of ecoterrorism. The current world crisis from terrorism dictates that we be knowledgeable of the medical consequences of weapons of mass destruction and skilled in the management of casualties. The processes of human health risk assessment of deployed soldiers and ecological risk assessment are discussed as strategies to effectively prevent or reduce the health and medical consequences of ecoterrorism. PMID:10658419

Alexander, G A

2000-01-01

398

Military service and lung disease.  

PubMed

Military personnel can be exposed to toxicants and conditions that can contribute to lung diseases. This article describes what is known about these exposures and diseases, focusing on the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Adverse lung health outcomes have been reported in US military personnel deployed to Iraq and/or Afghanistan. Most studies to date have been hindered by limited deployment-specific exposure assessment, lack of baseline lung health information, and variable medical evaluations and case definitions. Further research is warranted. Medical surveillance has been recommended for returning troops, but the challenges are substantial. PMID:23153610

Rose, Cecile S

2012-12-01

399

Cuba: An Historical Appraisal of Its Foreign Debt and Soviet Economic Assistance and Cuba: An Evaluation of Its Military Relations with the Soviet Union.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents - - An Historical Appraisal of Cuba's Foreign Debt and Soviet Economic Assistance: The Latin American Debt Crisis; Castro's 'Solution' to the Debt Crisis; Cuba's Foreign Debt; Soviet Economic Assistance; An Evaluation of Cuba's Military ...

R. L. Bartusch

1986-01-01

400

Population growth, economic development and health care delivery as indicators of the Brazilian's quality of life during the period of military rule, 1964-1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military leadership led Brazil, the largest Latin American nation, for nearly two decades until free national elections were held in 1982. This authoritarian political period has been heralded as one of \\

Norman Paul Fenton

1990-01-01

401

Need for a Theory of Military Compensation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author argues that the lack of a coherent articulated theory of military compensation has been a major factor in the failure of past military compensation studies, reviews, and legislative initiatives. He urges that this intellectual void be filled as...

P. K. Ogloblin

1981-01-01

402

Getting Relevant: Political Education and Military Ethics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study opens with the proposition that students attending the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) have not accepted that institution's curricular theme -- the conjoining of political and military perspectives at the senior level of military leadership. This...

R. L. Sutter

1988-01-01

403

Cognitive Biases in Military Decision Making.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the applicability of recent findings from behavioral economics to military decision making. Army manuals concerning the Military Decision Making Process mention general biases in decision making but do not mention specific biases or sp...

M. J. Janser

2007-01-01

404

Rationale for Family Therapy with Military Populations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to provide a series of logically consistent orientating statements, followed by indications and contraindications of family treatment to guide the military treatment to guide the military practitioner through the maze of contr...

J. A. Stave

1983-01-01

405

Child Abuse and Neglect among the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines those characteristics of military life which, by producing stress on military families, may increase the likelihood of child maltreatment. Additional stress is not the whole story, however. The highly organized structure of the milita...

R. Roth

1980-01-01

406

US Military Strategy in Four Dimensions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The monograph that follows seeks to analyze the current military strategy of the US. The framework proposed by the renowned military historian Michael Howard assists in this endeavor. The resulting analysis establishes the criteria for an effective milita...

J. C. Markert

2011-01-01

407

Hispanics in the U.S. Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis approaches the theme of Hispanics in the military utilizing both qualitative and quantitative methods to identify their role in meeting the military's future manpower needs. The qualitative portion of the study begins with an examination of th...

J. W. Arias S. Dal

2006-01-01

408

Military Geodesy and Geospace Science Unit Four.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This lecture course provides a full-year introduction to Military Geodesy and Geospace Science. Throughout the presentation a military perspective is maintained which links Mapping, Charting, and Geodesy (MC&G) issues with modern defense requirements. Ele...

W. G. Heller A. R. LeSchack

1981-01-01

409

Military Geodesy and Geospace Science. Unit Three.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This lecture course provides a full-year introduction to Military Geodesy and Geospace Science. Throughout the presentation a military perspective is maintained which links Mapping, Charting, and Geodesy (MC&G) issues with modern defense requirements. Ele...

W. G. Heller A. R. LeSchack

1981-01-01

410

Civil-Military Relations: Enhancing International Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis describes how civil-military relations at the international level enhance international security. In particular, it focuses upon civil-military relationships in the League of Nations and the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organizati...

F. Fekete

2003-01-01

411

Military Wife Adjustment, An Independent Dependent.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military organization provides security for the nation; similarly the security and psychological health of military personnel often rests with the family -- particularly the wife. Thus, her personal and emotional adjustment is crucial. Although past s...

E. J. Hunter B. M. Gelb R. A. Hickman

1981-01-01

412

Military Justice Criminal Law Study Guide. Revised.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is a primary resource in the Naval Justice School course in military criminal law. The purpose of the course is to enable military attorneys to provide professionally competent legal services in matters involving substantive questions of ...

1980-01-01

413

Iranian Military Under the Islamic Republic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study assesses the Iranian military forces as a factor in internal Iranian politics. It examines successive influences on the Iranian armed forces since the Islamic Revolution of February 1979. The analysis includes both the professional military and...

N. B. Schahgaldian G. Barkhordarian

1987-01-01

414

Revolution in Military Affairs. A Selected Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Revolution in Military Affairs is a major change in the nature of warfare, brought about by the innovative application of new technologies which, combined with dramatic changes in military doctrine and operational and organizational concepts, fundamenta...

1996-01-01

415

Military Family Projects at Zero to Three  

MedlinePLUS

... that military families may be experiencing. Honoring our Babies and Toddlers - This 3-piece set, designed for professionals and military parents, provides methods to support young children affected by ...

416

Lighweight and Compostable Fiberboard for the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Novel lightweight fiberboard structures have been researched and developed to replace the existing military fiberboard containers with the ultimate goal to reduce the amount of solid waste for the military. The research effort utilized a three prong appro...

J. A. Ratto K. Dagnon N. D'Souza R. Farrell S. Sun

2012-01-01

417

Military Justice Criminal Law Study Guide. Revised.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is a primary resource in the Naval Justice School course in military criminal law. The purpose of the course is to enable military attorneys to provide professionally competent legal services in matters involving substantive questions of ...

1979-01-01

418

Military Nurses' Experience in Disaster Response.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to understand the essence of military nurses lived experience of responding to disasters. Specific aims were to explore experiences of military nurses who had been deployed into disaster environments and to examine the impact...

F. M. Rivers

2008-01-01

419

Military Strategy for the Persian Gulf.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Devising a military strategy is an intellectual exercise. As much art as science, it is the stuff of soldier scholars. Strategic thinking requires the ability to blend abstract concepts with concrete realities. Military strategy at the higher levels is mo...

W. B. Lynch

1990-01-01

420

Military Information Networks as Complex Adaptive Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New information technology now permits a vastly increased degree of connectivity in military communication networks. This more connected architecture should result in faster response times and greater efficiencies in military operations. A potential downs...

L. D. Miller

2001-01-01

421

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary...

2013-07-01

422

Breastfeeding rates and factors related to cessation in a military population.  

PubMed

Evidence continues to accumulate showing the benefits of breastfeeding to infants, mothers, and society as a whole. However, breastfeeding success rates nationwide have consistently fallen short of recommendations set forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics. There are several potential barriers to successful breastfeeding, and many of these could be magnified in the demanding careers of military members and their families. We surveyed 254 women at a regional military medical facility, both active duty members and dependents of active duty members, regarding their ability to successfully breastfeed their infants. We found that American Academy of Pediatrics target goals in this population as a whole were indeed nearly met at this facility, but also found that active duty members and those who encountered military-related difficulty fell well short of these goals. These findings suggest potential barriers to breastfeeding success that warrant further study from the U.S. Department of Defense. PMID:23215908

Bales, Karrn; Washburn, John; Bales, James

2012-06-25

423

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

424

Nuclear Energy and Dominance: Some Interrelationships between Military and Civil Aspects of Nuclear Energy in U.S. Foreign Policy since 1945  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skogmar, G. Nuclear Energy and Dominance: Some Interrelationships between Military and Civil Aspects of Nuclear Energy in U.S. Foreign Policy since 1945. Cooperation and Conflict, XV, 1980, 217-235.Some features of the American dominance in the nuclear field are outlined. A basic point of departure is that the military and civil aspects of nuclear energy cannot be separated. American nuclear policy

Gunnar Skogmar

1980-01-01

425

Dictionary of Basic Military Terms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dictionary of basic military terms is a reference manual containing tactical, operational and strategic vocabulary. It is intended for officers of all ranks of the Armed Forces, both permanent and reserve. The aim is to give a brief definition of bas...

1965-01-01

426

Automated Military Blood Typing System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this study was to implement an automated military blood typing system designed to reduce the extent of the manual tasks and at the same time enhance the accuracy and reliability of the blood typing process. The major features of the autom...

F. R. Camp J. A. Stein J. F. Lewis N. F. Conte V. R. Coley

1973-01-01

427

Military Tribunals: The Quirin Precedent.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On November 13, 2001, President George W. Bush issued a military order to provide for the detention, treatment, and trial of those who assisted the terrorist attacks on the two World Trade Center buildings in New York City and the Pentagon on September 11...

L. Fisher

2002-01-01

428

[Gunshot wounds by military weapons].  

PubMed

The review is based on 34 recent publications. Bullet-wounds by military weapons either in drill or war are to be regarded as special kinds of wounds, needing profound knowledge of wound ballistic. However, the therapy of late developing complications may lead to problems. PMID:437659

Fischer, H

1979-02-15

429

Military Civic Action in Colombia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis is an examination of the role that the Colombian military's civic action programs played in assisting to reduce the level of internal violence during the domestic upheaval known as la violencia, Included is a discussion of the historical devel...

D. E. Malott

1985-01-01

430

Military Observers 1815-1975.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This historical study is a guide to U.S. Army military observers, from 1815 to 1975 -- who they are and where they want. It is categorized alphabetically; by USMA class number and branch and included a biographical sketch of when and where they were sent.

T. S. Grodecki

1988-01-01

431

Problems with military nuclear waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spent fuel elements contain the largest amount of radioactivity, but commercial spent fuel is not presently being reprocessed in the US, so the wastes are left contained within spent fuel assemblies and are not immediately accessible to the environment. By reprocessing military spent fuel to separate plutonium and unspent uranium from the highly radioactive and high-heat fission product waste, known

Lawless

1985-01-01

432

Committee on Military Nutrition Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the activities of the National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine's Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) for the period June 1, 2001 to May 31, 2003. Activities during this time period which are described in detail i...

M. I. Poos

2003-01-01

433

Ethical Issues of Military Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I would like to emphasize four pressing ethical issues for leaders in the military establishment to consider. The first is the danger posed by the acceptance of various forms of 'ethical relativism,' or the blurring of right from wrong. It appears obvious...

K. D. Johnson

1974-01-01

434

Are Our Military Alliances Meaningful?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1945 and 1949, motivated by fear of world communism, the United States negotiated pacts which tied its defense posture to the military security of forty-two other nations. World conditions have changed radically since that time. The Sino-Soviet dispute and East European developments have shown that a monolithic Communist bloc does not exist. West Europe and Japan have recovered economically

George S. McGovern

1969-01-01

435

High Technology Military Postal Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mail to military personnel overseas is delivered essentially in the same way it was during World War I. The use of electronic mail has been growing in private industry and the United States Postal Service recently began an international application of ele...

W. E. Duey

1983-01-01

436

Military Utility of HEL Fighter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper gives a very brief overview of the Directed Energy Worth Analysis and Vehicle Evaluation program (DEWAVE), a military utility analysis of a tactical fighter equipped with a high-energy laser. This paper describes the objectives of the effort an...

T. K. Burris J. K. Sutton G. Menin

2003-01-01

437

Military Officer Appraisal, An Examination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is little or no argument that the four military services (U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Navy) have different approaches when performing an evaluation and appraisal of their officers. One unfailing theme is that each service ...

J. S. Lewis

1999-01-01

438

Military Deployments: Evaluating Teacher Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This mixed method study examined the possible influence of a military deployment online tutorial on teacher knowledge. DoDEA and public school teachers were the two groups used for the study. From this exploratory study, the researcher also wanted to explore if teachers would find professional development provided in an online tutorial relevant…

Thomas, Richard M.

2011-01-01

439

Military Education: Models from Antiquity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike Westerners today, the Greeks and Romans put military training at the heart of their educational system. Examining the ancients' preoccupation with the inculcation of soldierly skills and disciplines, Professor Strauss asks whether we can find profit in their example. (Contains 7 footnotes.)

Strauss, Barry

2008-01-01

440

The Importance of Understanding Military Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social workers can make a significant contribution to military service members and their families, but first it is essential that the worldview, the mindset, and the historical perspective of life in the military are understood. Unless we understand how the unique characteristics of the military impact the service members and their families, we cannot work effectively with them. In addition,

Lynn K. Hall

2011-01-01

441

Deaths due to injury in the military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: More military personnel die of injuries each year than any other cause. This paper provides a basic epidemiologic description of injury deaths in the military.Methods: Using fatality data from the Department of Defense Directorate of Information and Operations Reports and population data from the Defense Manpower Data Center, death rates of men and women in the military services for

Kenneth E Powell; Lois A Fingerhut; Christine M Branche; Dennis M Perrotta

2000-01-01

442

Intermountain West Military Lands Planting Guide  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This guide provides recommendations on plant materials for Department of Defense (DoD) land restoration at military facilties in the Intermountain West of the United States. These guidelines provide military land managers new options for revegetating military training lands. Most other guides for l...

443

Suicide and the Military Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that U.S. military policies emphasize humanitarian approach to issue of suicide, yet military law may view suicidal behavior as deviant and may prosecute suicide attempters. Cites convictions of soldiers for attempted and assisted suicides. Reviews recent court decisions and suggests revisions in military law. (Author/NB)|

Lande, Raymond G.

1992-01-01

444

Data Integration for Military Systems Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military systems have many of the same concerns as commercial systems, that is, real-time performance, availability, security, safety, life-cycle maintenance and upgrade. In military systems, however these concerns are encountered in combinations and intensity that few commercial systems can rival. The integration needs for total system engineering of military systems are far ranging across integration types, engineering domains, and technologies.

Ngocdung Hoang; Michael Jenkins; Nicholas Karangelen

1996-01-01

445

Civil-Military Relations in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students of civil-military relations, particularly those in the developing countries, admit having to work on myopic assumptions, meagre data, sloppy conceptualization and inelegant explanations. The relative newness of this area of studies could be one reason for this. The study of civil-military relations in the narrow sense referring mainly to military coups and interventions, has attained importance after World War

Veena Kukreja

1989-01-01

446

International military interventions: Identification and classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

International military intervention is the movement of troops or forces of one country into the territory or territorial waters of another country, or military action by troops already stationed by one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute. As such it is a discrete event, or set of discrete events, persisting in time, entailing military

Frederic S. Pearson; Robert A. Baumann

1988-01-01

447

Military expenditure and employment in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research into the impact of military expenditure on employment finds considerable variation across countries. This paper adds to the debate by examining the long run relationship between military burden and manufacturing employment in South Africa. Such an analysis provides an opportunity to test for crowding?out effects and the impact of the marked decline in military spending on the South

Paul Dunne; Duncan Watson

2000-01-01

448

Understanding the Military Medical Evaluation Process  

MedlinePLUS

... No Fear Act Download a PDF reader FOIA Privacy Policy and Security OUR WEBSITES MilitaryINSTALLATIONS Military Youth on the Move MSEP Career Portal Plan My Deployment Plan My Move eSponsorship Training Resource Request Form USA4 Military Families STAY CONNECTED Social Media Hub

449

Building the Resilience of Your Military Family  

MedlinePLUS

... No Fear Act Download a PDF reader FOIA Privacy Policy and Security OUR WEBSITES MilitaryINSTALLATIONS Military Youth on the Move MSEP Career Portal Plan My Deployment Plan My Move eSponsorship Training Resource Request Form USA4 Military Families STAY CONNECTED Social Media Hub

450

Military Profession: What Happens When Values Collide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Military continues to stress the importance of values for all who don the uniform in voluntary military service. However values training and education has taken a back seat to the demands and operational tempo of current military operati...

J. J. Frazier

2006-01-01

451

HEALTH PRACTICES OF THE JORDANIAN MILITARY WOMEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the health practices of the Jordanian military women and to find the relationship between health practices, marital status, and the type of career. Methods: This study was conducted on 120 Jordanian military women, who were randomly chosen from the total population of about 3000 women enlisted in the Jordan Armed Forces \\/ Directorate of Military Women's Affairs

Rehab Jawdat; Ellen Safadi

452

Distance Education for Corporate and Military Training. Readings in Distance Education, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication, which consists of selected readings from volumes 1-5 of The American Journal of Distance Education, is designed for corporate and military trainers who want research-grounded materials that can be used in programs that train trainers. The 12 articles, whose authors come from the army, navy, and airforce, from universities and…

Moore, Michael G., Ed.

453

Rifle development, standardization, and procurement in the United States military 1950-1967  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conclusion of the Second World War found the American military questioning its current arsenal of small arms. The wide array of sub-machineguns, rifles, and carbines did not share any common parts or ammunition. The difficulties in supplying troops with parts and ammunition during the war, combined with perceived deficiencies in the designs motivated United States Army Ordnance to start

Robert Dale Hinrichs

2009-01-01

454

Testing the “Proximate Casualties Hypothesis”: Local Troop Loss, Attention to News, and Support for Military Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In academic and policy circles, it is believed that the American public is casualties-averse when sending its troops into war and that as casualties mount the public will increasingly call for withdrawal of troops from foreign military interventions. This study tests a variant of this “casualties hypothesis” by examining whether the public conceptualizes the human costs of war in local

Andrew F. Hayes; Teresa A. Myers

2009-01-01

455

The Military Dimension of the War on Drugsin Mexico and Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Armed Forces of Colombia andMexico have characteristics thatdifferentiate them from the rest of theirLatin American counterparts. They areatypical armed forces that are shaped bythe realities of their contemporarypolitical history. The failure of lawenforcement institutions has forced bothmilitaries to take on the mission ofcombating drug trafficking andinternational criminal cartels. In orderfor these militaries to successfullyaccomplish this mission, they must besubordinated

Marcos Pablo Moloeznik

2003-01-01

456

Medical Science and the Military: The Allies' Use of Amphetamine during World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although amphetamine was thoroughly tested by leading scientists for its effects in boosting or maintaining physical and mental performance in fatigued subjects, the results never provided solid grounds for approving the drug's use, and, in any case, came too late to be decisive. The grounds on which amphetamine was actually adopted by both British and American militaries had less to

Nicolas Rasmussen

2011-01-01

457

Still training to torture? US training of military forces from Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely assumed that the School of the Americas (soa), a US training school for Latin American military forces, advocated repression during the Cold War. To demonstrate this, previous research has tended to focus on establishing correlations between training and specific human rights abuses by individuals trained at soa. A stronger case can be made through detailed analysis of

Ruth Blakeley

2006-01-01

458

A Debate About Weapons in Space: For U.S. Military Transformation and Weapons in Space  

Microsoft Academic Search

No state relies on space for its military and economic security more than the United States, a reliance that grows daily more precarious. The United States Air Force has been charged with protecting American and allied space assets in peace and in war, and, at the direction of civilian authority, denying access to space to adversaries in times of crisis

Everett C. Dolman

2006-01-01

459

Seeking Recognition: Patriotism, Power and Politics in Sikh American Discourse in the Immediate Aftermath of 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the events of 9\\/11, Sikh Americans were victims of specific hate crimes and more generalized discrimination and distrust. This essay draws on participant observation and interviews conducted in the immediate aftermath of 9\\/11 with the Sikh community of the greater Washington, DC, area to examine the range of their responses to the pressures confronted by the community. It examines

Jessica Falcone

2006-01-01

460

Seeking Recognition: Patriotism, Power and Politics in Sikh American Discourse in the Immediate Aftermath of 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

:After the events of 9\\/11, Sikh Americans were victims of specific hate crimes and more generalized discrimination and distrust. This essay draws on participant observation and interviews conducted in the immediate aftermath of 9\\/11 with the Sikh community of the greater Washington, DC, area to examine the range of their responses to the pressures confronted by the community. It examines

Jessica Falcone

2006-01-01

461

The Power of Aspirations and Expectations: The Connection Between Educational Goals and Risk Behaviors Among African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies and interventions have been designed to either reduce the prevalence of risky behaviors (substance use, sexual activity, etc.) or increase the level of educational activity for adolescents. Research suggests that these two constructs may be related yet little is known about this relationship among African American youth. Archival data from the Risk Reduction Project was used to explore

Chris M. Kirk; Rhonda K. Lewis; Felecia A. Lee; David Stowell

2011-01-01

462

76 FR 58261 - American River Power I, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...section 4(f) of the Federal Power Act (FPA), to study the feasibility...Luke Chute, Ohio--Water Power No. 14258 to be located at...five 150-foot-long bays and ten vertical slide gates; (4...200-foot-long by 120-foot-wide power canal; (5) three new...

2011-09-20

463

Topic Avoidance, Everyday Talk, and Stress in Romantic Military and Non-Military Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships are increasingly impacted by military involvement, necessitating a deeper understanding of communication within these couples. This study examined perceptions of everyday talk, topic avoidance, and stress of participants romantically involved with (a) a military partner (n = 118) or (b) a non-military partner (n = 94). Couple types avoided similar topics, but non-military partners avoided these topics more frequently than military partners. Both

Brandi N. Frisby; Kerry Byrnes; Daniel H. Mansson; Melanie Booth-Butterfield; Meagan K. Birmingham

2011-01-01

464

An analysis of messages about tobacco in the Military Times magazines.  

PubMed

The Military Times magazines are seen as an independent source of news and information on the military and are widely read by military members. Given the influence of Military Times as a powerful media outlet within the military and marketing to military personnel by the tobacco industry, we examined tobacco messages and advertisements in a one-year sample from each service. No advertisements for cigarettes or other forms of smoked tobacco were found in any issue published in 2005. However, smokeless tobacco products were advertised frequently, with 11 distinct ads occurring in 105 ad placements. During the year targeted in the present study, smokeless tobacco advertising generated approximately US$564,249 in revenue for the publishers of Military Times. A content analysis suggested that the advertisements intended to pair smokeless tobacco use with a pleasant mood and enjoyable events not directly associated with the product itself. In addition, magazine articles about anti-tobacco topics received among the lowest amount of coverage among all pro-health articles. These findings may partially explain the recent significant increase in smokeless tobacco use among military personnel. PMID:18629729

Haddock, C Keith; Hoffman, Kevin; Taylor, Jennifer E; Schwab, Lisa; Poston, Walker S C; Lando, Harry A

2008-07-01

465

Application of AMLCDs to military aircraft displays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid replacement of cathode ray tubes (CRTs) by active- matrix liquid crystal displays (AMLCDs) in cockpit head-down displays introduces a number of new performance issues. This paper discusses some of the technical issues related specifically to the application of AMLCDs to military cockpit displays, generally from a human factors perspective. Brightness, contrast and NVG compatibility are considered in the context of possible updates to MIL-L-85762 and operations in high and low ambient lighting. Other issues include viewing angle limits and FLIR modeling. The discussion aims to encourage both engineering and human factors specialists to consider the new performance issues created by the implementation of AMLCDs and to encourage these two disciplines to resolve these challenges jointly. Although AMLCDs introduce new challenges to display designers they also possess advantages such as being smaller, lighter, requiring less power and being readable in bright sunlight conditions.

Craig, David M.

1998-09-01

466

The President's Constitutional Authority to Conduct Military Operations Against Terrorist Organizations and the Nations that Harbor or Support Them  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001 raised important questions concerning the President's authority to take military action in response. Although Congress acted promptly to pass legislation authorizing the President to take military action against the terrorists and those linked to them, we argue that the President has broad constitutional power, even without such legislation, to

John C. Yoo; Robert J. Delahunty

2002-01-01

467

Defense Science Board 2007 Summer Study. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of National Interests. Volume 1: Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. conventional military capability remains unmatched by any state. As a result, no adversary--peer, near peer, or powerful non-state actor-- with objectives in conflict with U.S. interests will oppose our nation with conventional military means. The Un...

C. Fields R. Haver

2008-01-01

468

An analysis of hydrogen production from ammonia hydride hydrogen generators for use in military fuel cell environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to simultaneously improve upon existing power storage and generation devices while supplying America’s war fighters with state-of-the-art equipment, the US military has focused on fuel cell technology for several military applications. These applications include soldier and sensor power (0–100W) and auxiliary power units (500–3000W). Over the past few years, the fuel cell industry has realized remarkable decreases

Nicholas Sifer; Kristopher Gardner

2004-01-01

469

Alliance Behaviour, the Absentee Liberator and the Influence of Soft Power: Post-communist State Positions over the Iraq War in 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirteen post-communist governments gave diplomatic support to the Anglo-American position on Iraq in 2003; many also gave military assistance to the war itself and most contributed to post-war operations. However ‘small states’ may be defined, none of these 13 actors can be considered a major power in international relations. This article assesses the reasons for their support of the United

Rick Fawn

2006-01-01

470

The power of aspirations and expectations: the connection between educational goals and risk behaviors among African American adolescents.  

PubMed

Numerous studies and interventions have been designed to either reduce the prevalence of risky behaviors (substance use, sexual activity, etc.) or increase the level of educational activity for adolescents. Research suggests that these two constructs may be related yet little is known about this relationship among African American youth. Archival data from the Risk Reduction Project was used to explore the connection between the protective factors of educational aspirations/expectations and recent participation in risky behavior. Results suggest that recent use of marijuana, alcohol to the point of intoxication, and sexual activity predicted lower aspirations and expectations among African American youth. From a positive youth development perspective, this study suggests the development of holistic interventions that build educational assets in youth, in addition to working to minimize risk behaviors. Limitations and suggestions for future research are also discussed. PMID:21992022

Kirk, Chris M; Lewis, Rhonda K; Lee, Felecia A; Stowell, David

2011-10-01

471

Veterans Administration health care policies as a protective mechanism supporting an expected life trajectory after military service.  

PubMed

Changes in the American military since the end of military conscription, as well as the increasing number of service-connected disabilities, suggest the need for increased consideration of the effects of health policies when assessing the impact of military service on young Americans' life course. This study analyzes data from the most recent National Survey of Veterans to investigate the health status, health benefits, and health care utilization of 2,773 Gulf War veterans, in association with resumption of their civilian life trajectory. Findings suggest that this sample of veterans may have poorer health status than previous veteran cohorts and did not fully utilize veterans' health care benefits to which they were entitled. This article examines whether veterans may usefully be considered a group at risk for health disparities, in that they have greater health risks and potentially poorer health status and access than mainstream Americans. PMID:23461344

Smith-Osborne, Alexa

2013-01-01

472

Organizational commitment of military physicians.  

PubMed

An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics. PMID:19780367

Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay

2009-09-01

473

Interagency Advanced Power Group Steering Group meeting minutes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains presentation overviews and viewgraphs from a meeting military personnel on the subject of power generation and distribution systems for military applications. Mission analysis and directional plans were given for each working group ...

1992-01-01

474

Careers in a Military Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This powerpoint presentation file on "Being a Physiologist in a Military Lab or How I Found My Ideal Job in the Most Unlikely of Places " is part of the EB 2010 Careers Symposium - Government Careers in Physiology Revealed. The target audience is students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as early career and established investigators seeking information on job opportunities and career development processes in the government.

Kathy Ryan (United States Army Institute of Surgical Research)

2010-04-25

475

Careers in a Military Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recorded presentation on "Being a Physiologist in a Military Lab or How I Found My Ideal Job in the Most Unlikely of Places " is part of the EB 2010 Careers Symposium - Government Careers in Physiology Revealed. The target audience is students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as early career and established investigators seeking information on job opportunities and career development processes in the government.

Kathy Ryan (United States Army Institute of Surgical Research)

2010-04-25

476

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

477

75 FR 32504 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree With American Municipal Power, Inc. Under the Clean...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...which occurred at the R.H. Gorsuch Generating Station, a coal-fired power plant owned and operated by AMP in Marietta, Ohio. The alleged violations arise from the construction of modifications at the power plant and operation of the...

2010-06-08

478

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

479

ENVISAGING A WAR: VIETNAM AND THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL NOVEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beyond its identifiable military, economic, and political aspects, the Vietnam war was a supreme work of the American imagination that, at its deepest levels, exposed and threatened the core elements of national mythos. An entire American belief system--one that included strains of secular evangelism, faith in technology and cultural engineering principles, and collective assumptions of national innocence, virtue, and purpose--was

THOMAS ROBERT MYERS

1985-01-01

480

Anthropometry of the Latin-American Armed Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Army Tropic Test Center made anthropometric measurements of a sample of Latin-American military personnel in the Canal Zone from September, 1965 to September 1966. A total of 733 trainees were measured--600 airmen at the USAF Inter-American Air F...

D. A. Dobbins C. M. Kindick

1967-01-01

481

Suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for electrical power generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Guam, and American Samoa  

SciTech Connect

The procedures and findings of a study to assess the suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for base-load (firm) electricity generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), Guam and American Samoa are described. The general conclusion is that solar pond power plants (SPPPs) are viable both technically and economically for some applications, possibly including atolls. The most practical immediate application would be to small and intermediate power users such as villages and airports. It is recommended that (1) at least one small SPPP be built immediately on a dry land site such as for the main village on Peleliu, Palau, (considered in this report) or at other identified feasible sites, and (2) that a design study be conducted to adapt the technology to atoll sites. This study was carried out by first reviewing all available literature on solar ponds and the regions concerned. All the regions in question were visited. Several sites were selected for specific study and SPPP conceptual designs were developed for these sites. These sites are (1) North Peleliu, Palau, with (2) Peleliu airport as an auxiliary site, (3) Aimeliik, Palau, and (4) atoll environments. Cultural, political, environmental and legal considerations were given equal weight with technical and economic factors, and locally resident persons were used as interpreters and liaisons. There exists strong support in the government and the community to develop these proposed site-specific SPPPs and land is available. Power needs were defined, construction and operation costs were calculated and performance was predicted for the site-specific designs. The results of the Palau site-specific studies were generalized to other areas and environments in the TTPI, Guam and American Samoa. An economic analysis of the SPPP conceptual design developed for Palau was made using the discounted cash flow method.

McCord, T.B.; Bathen, K.H.; Boesgaard, H.; Fanale, F.P.; McCord, C.S.; Scudder, R.J.; Weeks, D.D.; Yuen, J.W.L.

1982-11-01

482

New business with the new military.  

PubMed

A $200 billion market has appeared on your business horizon, but you may not have noticed it. It's the U.S. military--the new U.S. military. Virtually all aspects of the military are changing to ensure it can fight unpredictable threats while sustaining the infrastructure needed to support and train forces. The military is turning to non-traditional business partners to meet a wide range of needs, from health care to housing to information technology. The Defense Department is yielding its monopoly on every aspect of national security and adopting a more businesslike model in which the military's warfighting capabilities are supported through outsourcing and business alliances. Civilians are replacing military personnel in many noncombat roles. Military functions with corporate equivalents are candidates for outsourcing and privatization. Market standards are replacing the heavy customization that has locked many companies out of this marketplace. The authors have participated in the transformation process from different perspectives--one civilian, the other military. Together, they highlight the prospects that transformation is creating for companies outside the traditional defense industry and reveal paths to success in this complex market. They also present six principles for doing business with the military that require persistence, integrity, and a willingness to master the intricacies of a distinctive culture. By understanding the logic of military transformation, executives can identify and create vast new business opportunities. And by mastering the six principles, they can build profitable long-term relationships. PMID:15449854

Apgar, Mahlon; Keane, John M

2004-09-01

483

Writing American Soldiers: Nineteenth-Century Varieties of Military Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the late 1980s when Paul Fussell was defending the use of the atomic bomb in World War II, he did so on the grounds that he was a soldier. He knew better because his experiences in the war told him the bomb was necessary. Reactions to Fussell were quick to reject his sense of a personal knowledge of war,

Benjamin Cooper

2010-01-01

484

Bashkirian train-gas pipeline disaster: the American military response.  

PubMed

The United States Army Institute of Surgical Research was asked to provide burn care assistance in June 1989 following the explosion of leaking methane/propane gas in the Central Soviet Union, which destroyed two passenger trains and injured 800 passengers. A 17-member burn team flew from San Antonio, Texas, to Ufa, USSR and assisted in the management of 150 burn patients in a general medical-surgical hospital. Early problems included heavily colonized burn wounds, with a microbial flora that demonstrated broad antibiotic resistance. As wound complications were controlled, 28 operative procedures were performed to excise and graft the burn wounds. The recommendations for burn disaster management, based on our experience in Ufa, should be of assistance to other groups that may be asked to provide similar assistance in the future. PMID:2275760

Becker, W K; Waymack, J P; McManus, A T; Shaikhutdinov, M; Pruitt, B A

1990-10-01

485

Military training and personality trait development: does the military make the man, or does the man make the military?  

PubMed

Military experience is an important turning point in a person's life and, consequently, is associated with important life outcomes. Using a large longitudinal sample of German males, we examined whether personality traits played a role during this period. Results indicated that personality traits prospectively predicted the decision to enter the military. People lower in agreeableness, neuroticism, and openness to experience during high school were more likely to enter the military after graduation. In addition, military training was associated with changes in personality. Compared with a control group, military recruits had lower levels of agreeableness after training. These levels persisted 5 years after training, even after participants entered college or the labor market. This study is one of the first to identify life experiences associated with changes in personality traits. Moreover, our results suggest that military experiences may have a long-lasting influence on individual-level characteristics. PMID:22275337

Jackson, Joshua J; Thoemmes, Felix; Jonkmann, Kathrin; Lüdtke, Oliver; Trautwein, Ulrich

2012-01-24

486

Detention of American Citizens as Enemy Combatants.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Supreme Court in 2004 issued three decisions related to the detention of 'enemy combatants,' including two that deal with U.S. citizens in military custody on American soil. In Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, a plurality held that a U.S. citizen allegedly captured...

J. K. Elsea

2005-01-01

487

National Park Service: the American Civil War  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Civil War remains a complex and interesting subject. The National Park Service continues to offer a host of introspective perspectives on this military conflict through their creative use of interpretative facilities located on a number of important historic sites across the country. Taken together, this collection of materials will be of great interest both to educators and the general public.

488

Post-traumatic stress disorder in the military veteran.  

PubMed

1. Military personnel exposed to war-zone trauma are at risk for developing PTSD. Those at greatest risk are those exposed to the highest levels of war-zone stress, those wounded in action, those incarcerated as prisoners of war, and those who manifest acute war-zone reactions, such as CSR. 2. In addition to problems directly attributable to PTSD symptoms per se, individuals with this disorder frequently suffer from other comorbid psychiatric disorders, such as depression, other anxiety disorders, and alcohol or substance abuse/dependence. The resulting constellation of psychiatric symptoms frequently impairs marital, vocational, and social function. 3. The likelihood of developing chronic PTSD depends on premilitary and postmilitary factors in addition to features of the trauma itself. Premilitary factors include negative environmental factors in childhood, economic deprivation, family psychiatric history, age of entry into the military, premilitary educational attainment, and personality characteristics. Postmilitary factors include social support and the veteran's coping skills. 4. Among American military personnel, there are three populations at risk for unique problems that may amplify the psychological impact of war-zone stress. They are women whose war-zone experiences may be complicated by sexual assault and harassment; nonwhite ethnic minority individuals whose premilitary, postmilitary, and military experience is affected by the many manifestations of racism; and those with war-related physical disabilities, whose PTSD and medical problems often exacerbate each other. 5. The longitudinal course of PTSD is quite variable. Some trauma survivors may achieve complete recovery, whereas others may develop a persistent mental disorder in which they are severely and chronically incapacitated. Other patterns include delayed, chronic, and intermittent PTSD. 6. Theoretically primary preventive measures might include prevention of war or screening out vulnerable military recruits. In practice, primary preventive measures have included psychoeducational and inoculation approaches. Secondary prevention has been attempted through critical incident stress debriefing administered according to the principles of proximity, immediacy, expectancy, and simplicity. Tertiary prevention has included psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, dual diagnosis approaches, peer counseling, and inpatient treatment. Few treatments have been rigorously evaluated. 7. There are both theoretical reasons and empirical findings to suggest that military veterans with PTSD are at greater risk for more physical health problems, poorer health status, and more medical service usage. Much more research is needed on this matter. 8. Despite the potential adverse impact of war-zone exposure on mental and physical health, there is also evidence that trauma can sometimes have salutary effects on personality and overall function. PMID:7937358

Friedman, M J; Schnurr, P P; McDonagh-Coyle, A

1994-06-01

489

Causes of sudden death in young female military recruits.  

PubMed

This study sought to examine the incidence of sudden death in a large, multiethnic cohort of young women. Approximately 852,300 women entered basic military training from 1977 to 2001. During this period, there were 15 sudden deaths in female recruits (median age 19 years, 73% African-American), occurring at a median of 25 days after arrival for training. Of the sudden deaths, 13 (81%) were due to reasons that may have been cardiac in origin. Presumed arrhythmic sudden death in the setting of a structurally normal heart was seen in 8 recruits (53%), and anomalous coronary origins were found in 2 recruits (13%). The mortality rate was 11.4 deaths per 100,000 recruit-years (95% confidence interval 6.9 to 18.9). The rate was significantly higher for African-American female recruits (risk ratio 10.2, p <0.001). Sudden death with a structurally normal heart was the leading cause of death in female recruits during military training. PMID:16765129

Eckart, Robert E; Scoville, Stephanie L; Shry, Eric A; Potter, Robert N; Tedrow, Usha

2006-04-27

490

Military Knowledge Study: Measuring Military Knowledge and Examining Its Relationship With Youth Propensity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three types of knowledge were investigated in this study: subjective, instrumental and symbolic knowledge. Measuring these three distinct types of military knowledge provided rich and complete information on youth knowledge of the military. This informati...

B. K. Wiggins K. A. Marsh L. Viera S. M. Marsh M. Boehmer

2005-01-01

491

Military exceptionalism or tobacco exceptionalism: how civilian health leaders' beliefs may impede military tobacco control efforts.  

PubMed

Smoking impairs the readiness and performance of military personnel, yet congressional opposition has thwarted military tobacco control initiatives. Involvement of civilian organizations might alter this political dynamic. We interviewed 13 leaders of national civilian public health and tobacco control organizations to explore their perspectives on military tobacco control, inductively analyzing data for themes. Leaders believed that military tobacco use was problematic but lacked specific knowledge. Most supported smoke-free policies and prohibiting smoking in uniform; however, they opposed banning tobacco use, arguing that it would violate smokers' rights. Most leaders inappropriately applied civilian models of policy development to the military context. A tobacco-free military is unlikely to be achieved without military-civilian partnerships that include educating civilian health leaders about military policy development and implementation. PMID:23409898

Smith, Elizabeth A; Malone, Ruth E

2013-02-14

492

Relationship Between the Soldier in the Military Unit and the Military Family.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall purpose of this research was to explore the interrelationships between the soldier's behavior within the military organization and the military family's patterns of adjustment. The specific objectives were: 1. To examine sources of stress with...

H. Syna R. Gal

1988-01-01

493

Revolution in Military Science, Its Importance and Consequences, Military ART on a New Stage.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The central problem of modern military art is defined as the development of new methods of conducting armed conflict. The changes involving the radical military technical re-equipping of Soviet Armed Forces, are described.

V. Sokolovskii M. Cherednichenko

1964-01-01

494

Military Family Undergoing Separation: Impact Upon the Family and the Military Healthcare System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The family in the military has been subject to stressors in the past decade that are more intense in aspects never before experienced. The drawdown in military installations and personnel, particularly in overseas locations, has effected significant chang...

W. K. Sumpter

1998-01-01

495

Introduction to Military Medicine: A Brief Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military medicine encompasses the entire spectrum of health caredfrom prenatal to end-of-life care. World-class, cutting-edge research, equipment, facilities, and education are all part of the military health care system of the United States of America. What makes United States military medicine unique, however, is the ability to project and sustain this care to soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines in virtually

Stephen P. Hetz

2006-01-01

496

Secondary power systems  

SciTech Connect

In aeronautical engineering secondary power systems have long played second fiddle to the airframe, the engine, and indeed, the avionics. This collection of papers is thus timely, and its publication by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers appropriate, as secondary power systems in modern aircraft present challenging mechanical engineering problems. In military aircraft demands for electrical and hydraulic power and high pressure air have grown over the past two decades. To these basic needs are added requirements for emergency power, ground power, and independent engine starting. Additionally increased reliability and maintainability is demanded from all secondary power systems. Complete contents: What is a secondary power system. Modern technology secondary power systems for next generation military aircraft; Integrated power units; Secondary power system gearbox; Starting the system - air turbine starters; Auxiliary and emergency power system; Secondary hydraulic power generation; Advanced technology electrical power generation equipment.

Not Available

1985-01-01

497

[Perm military hospital--80th anniversary].  

PubMed

Perm military hospital celebrated the 80th anniversary--nowadays branch No. 2 of the 354th District military clinical hospital of Ministry of Defence of Russian Federation. Nowadays Perm military hospital - modem prevention and treatment facility of the Central military district equipped with modern medical devices: ultrasonic units, digital photofluorography, cardiograph, modem devices of functional diagnostics. There are surgical, trauma, medical, neurology, infection disease, dermatovenerologic, polyclinic, hospital, laboratorial, radiology, physiotherapy units, intensive care unit and departments of functional diagnostics, ultrasound investigation and dentistry. PMID:22888707

Nosarev, V G; konovalov, P P; Khisamov, A R

2012-06-01

498

The military and the transition to adulthood.  

PubMed

Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects youths' approach to adult responsibilities. The authors note that today's all-volunteer military is both career-oriented and family-oriented, and they show how the material and social support the military provides to young servicemen and women promotes responsible membership in family relationships and the wider community. As a result, they argue, the transition to adulthood, including economic independence from parents, is more stable and orderly for military personnel than for their civilian peers. At the same time, they stress that serving in the military in a time of war holds dangers for young adults. The authors examine four broad areas of military service, focusing in each on how men and women in uniform today make the transition to adulthood. They begin by looking at the social characteristics of those who serve, especially at differences in access to the military and its benefits by socio-demographic characteristics, such as age, gender, race and ethnicity, social class, and sexual orientation. Military service also has important effects on family formation, including the timing of marriage and parenthood, family structure, and the influence of military culture on families. Family formation among servicemen and women, the authors observe, is earlier and more stable than among civilians of the same age. The authors then consider the educational and employment consequences of service. Finally, they scrutinize the dangers of military service during times of war and examine the physical and psychological effects of wartime military service. They also note the sexual trauma endured both by male and female military personnel and the physical and symbolic violence women can experience in a male-dominated institution. Kelty, Kleykamp, and Segal conclude by seeking policy lessons from the military's success in facilitating the transition to adulthood for young men and women in uniform. PMID:20364627

Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R

2010-01-01

499

Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue addresses advantages and disadvantages of having power. Includes Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videos, books, and additional resources with suggested age levels and disciplines as well as ideas for appropriate related activities. Sidebars discuss the power of the pen, the power of peace, and the power of the media. (LRW)|

Online-Offline, 1999

1999-01-01

500

Military display market segment: helicopters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of one of its segments: helicopter displays. Parameters requiring special consideration, to include luminance ranges, contrast ratio, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are examined. Performance requirements for rotary-wing displays relative to several premier applications are summarized. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DoD applications across 10 or more platforms, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area sizes across helicopter platforms, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or greater, is illustrated. Rotary-wing displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus Rugged commercial, versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military helicopter programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. The military display market study is summarized with breakouts for the helicopter market segment. Our defense-wide study as of March 2004 has documented 1,015,494 direct view and virtual image displays distributed across 1,181 display sizes and 503 weapon systems. Helicopter displays account for 67,472 displays (just 6.6% of DoD total) and comprise 83 sizes (7.0% of total DoD) in 76 platforms (15.1% of total DoD). Some 47.6% of these rotary-wing applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, as per fixed-wing aircraft, the predominant instantiation involves higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

2004-09-01