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1

Jewish Culture and the American Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study explores the Jewish experience within the American military. The history of military service by persons of the Jewish faith corresponds roughly to that of persons from many other ethnic or religious groups: military service has been a patriotic...

A. M. Goldberg

2006-01-01

2

The American Military and the Far East.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This highly selective bibliography was prepared for use at the Ninth Military History Symposium on 'The American Military and the Far East' held at the United States Air Force Academy, 1-3 October 1980. The resources cited were selected to try and show ba...

M. A. Robinson

1980-01-01

3

The Military's Monopsony Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military, and society in general, can be made better off by moving to the competitive equilibrium, the Pareto optimal solution. However, even if the competitive solution is not politically possible, the present monopsony solution for the AVF is prefer...

A. Quester M. Nakada

1982-01-01

4

Attitudes of American Youth Concerning Military and Civilian Jobs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared attitudes toward military and civilian jobs among adolescents (n=306). African Americans and Hispanics, but not Asian Americans, had more favorable attitude toward military service than did whites; males viewed military service more favorably than did females. Respondents saw military service as patriotic and providing leadership…

Bartling, Carl A.; Eisenman, Russell

1992-01-01

5

Civilian Control and the American Military: Myths and Realities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines civilian control of the American military. It shows that a phobia about losing civilian control of the military establishment has been caused by the misinterpretation of two historical experiences, namely: the American experience of c...

J. B. Hamilton

1987-01-01

6

Limits of Military Power for National Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the post World War II nuclear-military arms race and claims that it is possible to define significant limits of military power for national security. Topics discussed include public opinion regarding the arms race, constraints on military power, conventional forces, checkmating conventional strategy, and the seriousness of nuclear false…

Melman, Seymour

1981-01-01

7

Satellite power system (SPS) military implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS). The very large orbital power source of the SPS could have a number of potential military applications. Perhaps the most arresting, but certainly one in the very distant future is the possibility of developing an anti-ballistic defense weapon utilizing laser or particle beams.

Ozeroff

1978-01-01

8

Satellite Power System (SPS) military applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS) is examined. A number of potential military support possibilities are described. An SPS with military capabilities may have a strong negative impact on international relations if it is not internationalized. The SPS satellite would be vulnerable to military action of an enemy with good space capability, but would experience little or no threat from saboteurs or terrorists, except via the ground controls. The paper concludes with an outline of some of the key issues involved, and a number of recommendations for future study, including some areas for long term efforts.

Ozeroff, M. J.

1978-01-01

9

Military implications of a satellite power system  

Microsoft Academic Search

If a satellite power system (SPS), such as is described in the NASA Reference Design Report, were to be undertaken to provide significant quantities of power to the United States and perhaps to other countries as well, significant military implications would ensue. These would arise, first, from the possible uses of such satellites and supporting systems as weapons or as

J. P. Vajk; R. D. Stutzke; R. Salkeld; G. W. Driggers; G. H. Stine

1981-01-01

10

Military Capabilities and American Foreign Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can the availability of a rapid response capability lead the United States to intervene militarily in situations where, without those ready forces, the U.S. government would decide that military intervention was not required? Secretary of Defense McNamara said no; Senator Richard Russell said yes. After examining the basic approaches to weapons selection that led McNamara and Russell to opposite conclusions,

Graham T. Allison

1973-01-01

11

Permanent Magnet Generators for Portable Military Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Army MERDC has a continuing program to develop and update a family of portable and/or mobile power generation sets for use by the United States military services. In the past decade, a number of new permanent magnet materials have been d...

E. F. Hammond A. E. King A. L. Jokl

1971-01-01

12

Hybrid power technology for remote military facilities  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Defense (DoD) operates hundreds of test, evaluation, and training facilities across the US and abroad. Due to the nature of their missions, these facilities are often remote and isolated from the utility grid. The preferred choice for power at these facilities has historically been manned diesel generators. The DoD Photovoltaic Review Committee, estimates that on the order of 350 million gallons of diesel fuel is burned each year to generate the 2000 GWh of electricity required to operate these remote military facilities. Other federal agencies, including the National Park Service and the USDA Forest Service use diesel generators for remote power needs as well. The generation of power diesel generators is both expensive and detrimental to the environment. The augmentation of power from diesel generators with power processing and battery energy storage enhances the efficiency and utilization of the generator resulting in lower fuel consumption and lower generator run- time in proportion to the amount of renewables added. The hybrid technology can both reduce the cost of power and reduce environmental degradation at remote DoD facilities. This paper describes the expected performance and economics of photovoltaic/diesel hybrid systems. Capabilities and status of systems now being installed at DoD facilities are presented along with financing mechanisms available within DoD.

Chapman, R.N.

1996-09-01

13

A review of recent American military space operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

Day, Dwayne A.

1993-12-01

14

Military Leadership as an Element of National Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

History shows that national power can be magnified by military genius. The converse is also true. America has never needed military genius to win a war because she and her allies have always had an overwhelming superiority of men, money, and machines. On ...

I. M. Boatner

1966-01-01

15

Military Engineers: An Interagency Bridge Between Hard and Soft Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military engineers, including not only the tactical units but departmental civilian and contracted capacity as well, are uniquely positioned to facilitate a comprehensive and strategic approach to allow the smoothest transition from hard to soft power. No...

L. F. Parrott

2010-01-01

16

Other Clash of Civilizations: Samuel Huntington and American Civil Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work examines three American civil-military relationships using two frameworks presented by Huntington. Huntington s frames illustrate more clearly how the relationships in these three presidential administrations Wilson, Truman, and Johnson function...

B. J. Dodd

2012-01-01

17

Bernard Gert's Theory of Moral Rules and American Professional Military Ethics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation presents a prima facie case for the usefulness of applying Bernard Gert's theory of moral rules to American professional military ethics. Gert's moral theoretical goal is to describe the common moral system that all moral agents implicit...

M. W. Hallgarth

2003-01-01

18

Native American Historic Context for the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Military Academy (USMA) is required by Federal laws, Executive Orders, and implementing regulations to conduct consultations with Native American tribes under specific circumstances. This historic context was prepared to support the prep...

D. K. Mann

2006-01-01

19

Presence of the American Troops in Romania: Civil-Military Challenges Beyond a 'Military Relationship'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis analyzes the civil-military relations of the growing U.S. military presence in Romania and the implications of this development for bi-lateral relations beyond the barracks and the maneuver field. By the implementation of the Agreement Between...

V. Simion

2008-01-01

20

American Military and the Media: Historical Lessons and Future Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Media coverage of military operations has been around for centuries, and has evolved as much as the technologies and tactics with which war is fought today. It is also in the early origins of the military-media relationship that one can see the seeds of c...

B. D. Burns

2006-01-01

21

Bad Stories: The American Media-Military Relationship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1999 air war over Kosovo re-ignited a feud between the military and the news media that is generally believed to have been a permanent undercurrent of media-military relations since the Vietnam War. The events of 11 September 2001 and the subsequent d...

D. Porch

2002-01-01

22

Changing Nature of American Democracy Consequences for the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper provides a philosophical and ethical framework to evaluate changes in democracy that affect the relationship between the public and the military profession. Changes in communication technology have allowed the media and public to play a more in...

J. R. Callard

1996-01-01

23

The American College of Physicians' Resident Abstract Competition: success of U.S. military trainees.  

PubMed

Research is a central aspect of internal medicine (IM) training, and accreditation organizations require that residency programs show that their residents participate in scholarly activity. To better understand the research productivity and the quality of research conducted by military IM trainees, we reviewed the records of the American College of Physicians' Resident Abstract Competition from 1995 to 1997. This national competition is prestigious, blindly judged, and highly selective. We found that although military residents account for less than 2% of all U.S. and Canadian IM trainees, they author more than 11% of the abstracts selected for presentation (p < 0.001). We conclude that military IM residents are disproportionately represented compared with their civilian peers in an objective, national competitive forum. This is consistent with the higher scores on in-service examinations and higher board-certification pass rates for military IM residents. PMID:10091497

Shorr, A F; Niven, A S; Howard, R S; Phillips, Y Y

1999-03-01

24

The Integration of Spain into Europe and Its Effect on American Military Presence in Spain.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Beginning with the Pact of Madrid in 1953 and continuing with the Agreement for Mutual Cooperation in 1970, Spain and the U.S. moved to a bilateral mutually beneficial relationship. The basic exchange has been American military and economic aid in return ...

G. A. Ruskosky

1975-01-01

25

International Criminal Court and Future American Military Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The July 1, 2002 ratification of the Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC) was a significant and far-reaching accomplishment in the international legal system. The Statute gives the ICC the power to prosecute individuals for the...

R. A. Burrell

2004-01-01

26

Teaching About the Military in American History: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On March 24-25, 2007 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 23 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about the Military in U.S. history. The Institute was held at and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Museum. Sessions included: (1) War and the Military in American…

Kuehner, Trudy

2007-01-01

27

Music for the injured soldier: a contribution of American women's military bands during World War II.  

PubMed

This study is an investigation of the contributions of women's military bands in the United States to the reconditioning of the injured American troops during World War II. Primary and secondary sources revealed that these bands welcomed home hospital ships, performed for convalescing soldiers in hospitals, and provided music for hospital dances. While each of the bands investigated served in similar capacities, only one, the 403rd Women's Army Corps (WAC) Band, was stationed at a hospital. While entertainment by women's bands was an important part of the Army Reconditioning Program for the injured, the study also revealed a working partnership that developed between these musicians and the medical community. Sixty years after the war, band members believe their performances in hospitals were the most important contribution of their service. Some historians have concluded that music used in military hospitals during the war was the impetus for the music therapy profession. PMID:17645389

Sullivan, Jill M

2007-01-01

28

North American tidal power prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Prospects for North American tidal power electrical generation are reviewed. Studies by the US Army Corps of Engineers of 90 possible generation schemes in Cobscook Bay, ME, indicated that maximum power generation rather than dependable capacity was the most economic method. Construction cost estimates for 15 MW bulb units in a single effect mode from basin to the sea are provided; five projects were considered ranging from 110-160 MW. Additional tidal power installations are examined for: Half-Moon Cove, ME (12 MW, 18 ft tide); Cook Inlet, AK, which is shown to pose severe environmental and engineering problems due to fish migration, earthquake hazards, and 300 ft deep silt deposits; and the Bay of Fundy, Canada. This last has a 17.8 MW plant under construction in a 29 ft maximum tide area. Other tidal projects of the Maritime Provinces are reviewed, and it is noted that previous economic evaluations based on an oil price of $16/barrel are in need of revision.

Wayne, W. W., Jr.

1981-07-01

29

Adaptive digital predistortion linearizer for power amplifiers in military UHF satellite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existing UHF Satellite Communications (SATCOM) transponders used for military applications use efficient, saturated power amplifiers, which provide one earth-coverage antenna beam. The amplifier is dedicated to small frequency band and only handles a few carriers simultaneously. The communications capacity needed to support future military forces on the move will require satellite payload power amplifiers to support hundreds of channels

Jayanti Patel

2004-01-01

30

High-power, military ruggedized QCL-based laser systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Daylight Solutions has pioneered the development and commercialization of quantum cascade laser (QCL) technology for commercial and military markets. Multi-Watt, multi-wavelength QCL-based systems have been manufactured and tested against harsh military environmental requirements for military applications. These self-contained, turn-key systems have been designed to comply with modular open system architecture (MOSA) principles, and have been proven in several different system geometries. This paper will highlight the environmental requirements imposed upon, and performance from, QCL-based laser systems for example military applications.

Takeuchi, Eric B.; Chapman, William B.; Arnone, David; Pushkarsky, Michael; Lopez, Enrique; Young, Michael; Caffey, Dave; Borgardt, Brandon; Priest, Allen; Sensibaugh, Jason; Day, Timothy

2012-05-01

31

Military Representation: The Theoretical and Practical Implications of Population Representation in the American Armed Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Military Representation and the All-Volunteer Force: Study Problems, Scope and Objectives; Theoretical Antecedents; The Concept of Military Representation in America; Military Representation and Social Equity: Past and Present Experiences; Milit...

M. J. Eitelberg

1979-01-01

32

The military connection and environmental hazards of space?based nuclear power  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential dangers associated with space?based nuclear power have alarmed many specialists. There are two principal reasons: •Space?based nuclear energy sources have been declared to be a key part of the military Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) program. Even in the absence of current military interest in space nuclear reactors, the existence in space of a considerable number of civilian nuclear

Oleg F. Prilutsky; Stanislav N. Rodionov

1989-01-01

33

Promoting Health During the American Occupation of Japan The Public Health Section, Kyoto Military Government Team, 1945-1949  

PubMed Central

During the American occupation of Japan (1945–1952), young public health officers from the US Army Medical Corps were posted in local US Army military government teams. These young doctors (aged 25 to 27 years), who had not absorbed the strong anti-Japanese tradition of the US military during World War II, seem to have alleviated the initial resentment felt by the Japanese toward the new governors of their homeland. The case of the Kyoto Military Government Team illustrates the Kyoto citizenry’s positive view of some American-directed public health measures. The team’s services helped to counter widely held negative views on colonialism, occupation, and public health; lessened resentment toward the unilateral command structure of the occupation forces; and contributed to improved relations between the United States and Japan at the local level.

Nishimura, Sey

2008-01-01

34

An English admiral and an American aviator: advanced trauma life support and two historical military casualties.  

PubMed

This article considers two historical military casualties in the context of present day Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) teaching. The death of Admiral Lord Nelson, Royal Navy, at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 has been well documented while that of Lieutenant Luke, an American aviator, U.S. Army Air Service, in France in 1918 has been almost disregarded. Both suffered a gunshot wound to the chest with the responsible weapon similarly sited. Nelson's dying was witnessed and recorded in detail by his surgeon. Luke's death was unwitnessed and has been the subject of considerable speculation. A recent monograph removes much of this speculation but cannot describe his last few minutes of life. This article describes both events and considers the mechanism of injury. It presents speculative radiological reconstructions and an outline of emergency management according to ATLS for both and further clinical speculation on Luke's demise. PMID:21121490

Bridgewater, Franklin H G

2010-11-01

35

Criticism of American, British, European and Classical Authors: A Selective Bibliography of Books in the United States Military Academy Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this bibliography is to provide critical, literary commentaries on the works of American, British, and classical authors, found in general literature books. Selection of authors was accomplished on the basis of West Point military cadets' choices of topics for their annual English papers; alphabetical listings of citations (from…

Perry, Margaret, Comp.

36

Advanced Engine Control for Increasing Fuel Efficiency and Power Density While Reducing Observable Emissions From Military Diesel Engines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military diesel engines used in combat and tactical applications have their own specific engine control requirements that differ from those of commercial heavy-duty vehicles. The implementation of advanced engine control methods in diesel-powered military...

G. J. Thompson C. M. Atkinson N. N. Clark T. W. Long E. Hanzevack

2000-01-01

37

Petty Despots and Executive Officials: Civil-Military Relations in the Early American Navy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a new nation, the United States lacked the long naval traditions of the other powers of the time, particularly Great Britain. When Congress created a naval force in 1794, the country had to rely on its first officers to form the traditions of the service and lay the foundations of the American Navy. These first officers bequeathed to their

Thomas Sheppard

2010-01-01

38

Soviet military power: an assessment of the threat  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: the nature of the Soviet threat--Soviet national-security policies; Soviet foreign policy under Gorbachev; military resources allocation; Soviet strategic programs and space forces; Soviet conventional forces; an assessment of the threat--the strategic balance; regional and functional balances; research and development: the technological competition; collective security: our risks and responsibilities.

Not Available

1988-01-01

39

Modular photonic power and VCSEL-based data links for aerospace and military applications  

SciTech Connect

If photonic data and power transfer links are constructed in a modular fashion, they can be easily adapted into various forms to meet a wide range of needs for aerospace and military applications. The performance specifications associated with these needs can vary widely according to application. Alignment tolerance needs also tend to vary greatly, as can requirements on power consumption. An example of a modular photonic data and/or power transfer link that can be applied to military and aerospace needs is presented. In this approach, a link is designed for low (<10 kb/s) data rates, ultra-low electrical power consumption, large alignment tolerance, and power transfer to provide complete electrical shielding in a remote module that might be found in a military or aerospace application.

Carson, R.F.

1997-02-01

40

American Radio Works: Power Trips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under rules enacted in 1995, members of Congress are effectively banned from accepting any gift worth more than $50, though as this latest investigative radio series from the American RadioWorks team demonstrates, it would appear that members of the House or Senate are still taking many trips at no cost. Working in tandem with a group of graduate students at Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism, the team catalogued every privately sponsored trip taken by members of Congress since 2000. They discovered that more than $14 million was spent by universities, corporations, and other groups to take these influential persons to a variety of meetings, presentations, and other functions. On this site, visitors can listen to the complete radio presentation, along with obtaining information about how much their own representatives travel and who accepts the most money in trips. Overall, this site is quite informative and more than a bit provocative.

41

Development of design tool for hybrid power systems of hybrid electric military combat vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a developed hybrid power modeling and simulation tool for series hybrid electric military combat vehicles. A simulation tool for determining optimal hybrid power in hybrid components such as motor, engine, generator, and storages and for evaluating designed driving control strategy and energy management strategy is essential in designing a hybrid system. The developed tool is based on

Dong Hwan Choi; Seong Jun Lee; Bo-Hyung Cho; Yeo Giel Yoon

2010-01-01

42

Europe and the United States defense establishment: American military policy and strategy, 1815--1821  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the defeats and frustrations of the War of 1812, the United States undertook an extensive reformation of its defense establishment and a substantial build-up of its military and naval forces. Historians have often ascribed this unprecedented interest in a stronger military to the \\

Michael Stuart Fitzgerald

1990-01-01

43

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish-American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

44

Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.  

PubMed

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

2012-04-01

45

Development of an Acetate-Fed or Sugar-Fed Microbial Power Generator for Military Bases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our main goal is to develop and optimize a microbial fuel cell (MFC) that uses a non-flammable and renewable fuel, such as acetate or sucrose, to be used in future military missions. Thus, we must design an MFC capable of producing high power densities wi...

B. E. Rittmann

2011-01-01

46

Design of new diesel-electric power supply unit for military vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a new designed diesel-electric power-supply unit developed for military purposes. The power-supply unit is divided to two main electric parts, (i) input part which is composed of a sensorless controlled active voltage source rectifier supplied by a permanent magnet synchronous generator, and (ii) output part which is composed of a four-leg three-phase voltage source inverter with a

Z. Peroutka; T. Glasberger; J. Molna?r

2010-01-01

47

Pulsed power for particle beam accelerators in military applications  

SciTech Connect

Techniques useful for generating and conditioning power for high energy pulsed accelerators with potential weapon applications are described. Pulsed electron accelerators are exemplified by ETA and ATA at Lawrence Livermore Laboratories and RADLAC at Sandia Laboratories Albuquerque. Pulse-power techniques used in other applications are briefly mentioned, including some that may be useful for collective ion accelerators. The limitations of pulse-power and the general directions of desirable development are illustrated. The main needs are to increase repetition rate and to decrease size.

Smith, I.D.

1980-06-20

48

Marching to a Different Drummer. Military Women in American Popular Magazines, 1975-1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the media's image of women serving in the American armed forces through a qualitative content analysis of popular American black, general-interest, specialized, women's and news magazines from 1975 to 1985. It was constructed to exami...

C. S. Chorak

1985-01-01

49

Trends in HIV prevalence among white and African-American civilian applicants for United States Military Service, 1985 to 2003.  

PubMed

Data from 5,699,590 white and African-American civilian applicants who applied for service in the US military between 1985 and 2003 were used to analyze HIV prevalence trends. The overall HIV prevalence was 0.72/1000, which declined from 2.63/1000 in 1985 to 0.29/1000 in 1995, after which it remained stable until 2003 (0.30/1000). Larger and more significant declines in annual HIV prevalences were observed among the 4.5 million white applicants (-15.7% per year) compared with the 1.2 million African-American applicants (-10.0% per year). The HIV prevalence decline was also greater among male applicants (-12.4% per year) than female applicants (-7.1% per year). In the most recent 4 years study period, HIV prevalences increased among white applicants 25 to 29 years of age among African-American applicants 30 years of age or older. These data suggest that despite the overall consistent decreases in HIV prevalence from the 1980s to the late 1990s, an increase in HIV prevalence has taken place older African-American and white subgroups in more recent years. PMID:16763492

Bautista, Christian T; Sateren, Warren B; Singer, Darrell E; Carr, Jean K; Birx, Deborah L; Sanchez, Jose L

2006-05-01

50

Freedom of Expression in the American Military: A Communication Modeling Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study used a communication perspective to examine the extent to which the civilian/military First Amendment dichotomy is warranted and to add to First Amendment theory the subject of the First Amendment rights of servicemembers. The study was limited to the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and association. It did not include…

Packer, Cathy

51

Development of an Acetate- or Sugar-fed Microbial Power Generator for Military Bases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military missions often require the transport of fuel, such as diesel, to military bases in remote locations. The delivery of such flammable fuels is very expensive and dangerous, particularly in hostile environments. An ideal fuel source for military mis...

B. E. Rittmann C. I. Torres P. Parameswaran R. Krajmalnik-Brown S. Popat

2012-01-01

52

Communication and the Power of Native American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis focuses on the effects of the language of patriarchy on the power of Native American women, how these women have retained power in their own societies, and how an understanding of Native women's values can aid feminists. An examination of Native American women's literature provides a connecting bridge back to a time before patriarchy…

Torson, Dianna

53

Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War  

PubMed Central

How did geographic and occupational mobility after the Civil War differ between Union Army veterans and nonveterans? By 1880, Union veterans were more likely to migrate to a different state or region than nonveterans. The higher geographic mobility of veterans is likely attributable to their experience of traveling away from their hometowns while in service. Union veterans who held unskilled jobs prior to enlistment were more likely to move up to white-collar or farming jobs by 1880 than unskilled nonveterans. In contrast, unskilled veterans were less likely to become artisans than nonveterans. The differences in occupational mobility by veteran status might be explained by the effects of military experiences such as learning from comrades in the company.

2012-01-01

54

Future U.S. Military Presence in Asia: Landpower and the Geostrategy of American Commitment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For more than 50 years, countries around the world have looked to the United States for international leadership. Most Asian governments welcome a U. S. presence in the region to help preserve security and stability. They know that an American presence do...

R. H. Scales L. M. Wortzel

1999-01-01

55

Cost as a Military Requirement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1916, Frederick Lanchester theorized that the power of a military force is proportional to the square of the number of its units. Despite technological advances in military weaponry, Lanchester s basic observation that quantity is essential to military...

J. S. Gansler W. Lucyshyn

2013-01-01

56

The effects of race and other socioeconomic factors on health service use among American military veterans.  

PubMed

This study examined the extent to which racial disparities in service utilization exist in veterans (VA) and non-VA health care systems. An observational study design was used with a nationally representative sample of veterans. Logistic regression models were constructed using sociodemographic characteristics, health insurance and benefits, and health status as predictors of health service use in both VA and non-VA health care systems. A population weighted sample of 19,270 veterans from the 2001 National Survey of Veterans was used, which included 17,004 (88.24%) White, 1,864 (9.15%) African American, 414 (2.15%) Native American/Alaskan Native, and 87 (0.45%) Asian American/Pacific Islander veterans. Results showed that use of the VA health care system was not associated with race, but was associated with VA disability compensation, lack of private health insurance, and greater health care need. Contrarily, in non-VA healthcare systems, veterans who were racial minorities, less educated, and without private health insurance were less likely to use services. Together, these findings demonstrate the socioeconomic context in which health disparities exist and suggest the influence of health insurance on racial disparities in service utilization. PMID:23949577

Tsai, Jack; Desai, Miraj U; Cheng, Alice W; Chang, Janet

2014-03-01

57

Development of highly compact and low power consumption athermal military laser designators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The utility of military lasers, particularly in the area of laser designation for laser-guided weapons, is well understood. Laser systems based on Nd:YAG have been fielded since the 1980's and over the last three decades have introduced incremental technology steps to improve performance and weight. The most recent technology step has been the introduction of athermal lasers based on laser-diode pumping of Nd:YAG and products are now emerging for use on the battlefield. The technical performance, efficiency, size, weight and power for these lasers, has been key to driving the new production designs. In this paper, we review the development of the laser designs and their introduction since the advent of laser designation. In particular, we compare the relative performance and characteristics over the evolution of fielded laser designators. Moreover, we will review the key building blocks for the design of athermal lasers and describe some critical design issues for engineering and productionisation of a military laser system, including removal of thermal lensing, novel diode-pumping schemes and robustness over the environment. These will be exemplified using results from the development of the SELEX Galileo Type 163 Laser Target Designators. These will cover not only technical performance, power and efficiency, but also thermal management, mass, volume, cost and overall complexity for manufacture.

Sijan, A.

2012-10-01

58

Mexican Military and Political Transition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis assesses the future of Mexican civil-military relations. Mexico is unique among Latin American nations for its professionalized and depoliticized military. While the Mexican Armed Forces have shunned an active role in politics since 1940, they...

R. C. Bedingfield

1992-01-01

59

Consortium for Health and Military Performance and American College of Sports Medicine consensus paper on extreme conditioning programs in military personnel.  

PubMed

A potential emerging problem associated with increasingly popularized extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) has been identified by the military and civilian communities. That is, there is an apparent disproportionate musculoskeletal injury risk from these demanding programs, particularly for novice participants, resulting in lost duty time, medical treatment, and extensive rehabilitation. This is a significant and costly concern for the military with regard to effectively maintaining operational readiness of the Force. While there are certain recognized positive aspects of ECPs that address a perceived and/or actual unfulfilled conditioning need for many individuals and military units, these programs have limitations and should be considered carefully. Moreover, certain distinctive characteristics of ECPs appear to violate recognized accepted standards for safely and appropriately developing muscular fitness and are not uniformly aligned with established and accepted training doctrine. Accordingly, practical solutions to improve ECP prescription and implementation and reduce injury risk are of paramount importance. PMID:22071400

Bergeron, Michael F; Nindl, Bradley C; Deuster, Patricia A; Baumgartner, Neal; Kane, Shawn F; Kraemer, William J; Sexauer, Lisa R; Thompson, Walter R; O'Connor, Francis G

2011-01-01

60

SiGe Technology for Military and Deep Space Cryogenic Power Electronics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increasing complexity of power electronic systems needed for advanced deep space missions and military electric-powered systems requires a new approach in materials and processes to realize circuitry and devices that operate efficiently at cryogenic temperatures. The n-type metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (n-MOSFET) is the building block for both digital and analog circuits. Silicon (Si) is a good material for fabricating power MOSFETs and electronic devices for operation down to 77 K, below which Si suffers from carrier freeze-out. Silicon carbide (SiC) is a wide-bandgap semiconductor material that is emerging in power electronic applications due to its superior properties, but SiC exhibits carrier freeze-out at temperatures higher than that of Si. Silicon gemanium (SiGe) heterostructure bipolar transistor (HBT) devices are promising candidates for low-temperature power applications. Presently, there is significant uncertainty in SiGe HBT characteristics at cryogenic operating conditions. Technology Applications, Inc. (TAI) has developed and evaluated SiGe strained-gate technology in the power metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and complementary metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (CMOSFET) as active and logic devices to be operated in the range of 300 K to 40 K.

Nguyenphu, B.; Adebanjo, R.; Nieczkoski, S. J.; Yu, S.; Kapoor, V. J.; Sundaram, K. B.

2006-03-01

61

Military Authority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article looks at how…

Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

2001-01-01

62

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Construction Electrician/Power and Communications Cable Splicing, 5-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum outline, instructor's guide, and student's guide for a secondary-postsecondary-level course in construction electrician/power and communications cable splicing are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages developed for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

63

78 FR 20313 - American Municipal Power, Inc.; Michigan Public Power Agency; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Register Volume 78, Number 65 (Thursday, April 4, 2013)] [Notices] [Page 20313...Nos. EL13-55-000; EL13-56-000] American Municipal Power, Inc.; Michigan Public Power Agency; Notice of Filing Take notice that on...

2013-04-04

64

Proceedings of the American Power Conference. Volume 58-II  

SciTech Connect

This book is part 2 of the proceedings of the American Power Conference, Technology for Competition and Globalization, 1996. The topics of the papers include structural plant design; challenges of the global marketplace; thermal hydraulic methods for nuclear power plant safety and operation; decontamination and decommissioning; competitive operations and maintenance; fuel opportunities; cooling; competitive power pricing; operations; transformers; relays; plant controls; training to meet the competitive future; burning technologies; ash and byproducts utilization; advanced systems; computer tools for plant design; globalization of power; power system protection and power quality; life extension; grounding; and transmission line equipment.

McBride, A.E. [ed.

1996-11-01

65

American lifelines alliance efforts to improve electric power transmission reliability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A study was performed on American Lifelines Alliance (ALA) efforts to improve electric power transmission reliability. ALA is a public-private partnership project, with the goal of reducing risks to lifelines from natural hazards and human threat events. The mechanism used by ALA for developing national guidelines for lifeline systems is dependent upon using existing Standards Developing Organizations (SDO) accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as means to achieve national consensus.

Nishenko, S. P.; Savage, W. U.; Honegger, D. G.; McLane, T. R.

2002-01-01

66

Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

2013-05-01

67

Military Pedagogy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term 'military pedagogy' is defined in the 1966 Soviet 'Officer's Library' Dictionary of Basic Military Terms as 'a field of pedagogical and military science investigating and developing the most efficient methods of communist teaching, military educa...

1973-01-01

68

China's Forbearance Has Limits: Chinese Threat and Retaliation Signaling and Its Implications for a Sino-American Military Confrontation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since its founding in 1949, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has employed military force in defense of China's security and territorial integrity. In many such instances, Beijing implemented a calculus of threat and retaliation signals intended first ...

A. L. Miller P. H. Godwin

2013-01-01

69

American Smart Power for Africa's Kids.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. National Security Strategy identifies respect for universal values at home and around the world as an enduring national interest. In pursuit of its national interests, Armitage and Nye suggest that the United States must become a smarter power by inv...

P. A. Marone

2011-01-01

70

Analysis of Chinese Power: The Economic Base and Potential for Military and Political Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is the purpose of this thesis to measure the economic base of China and to predict her economic potential over the next 10 years. In the next decade, Communist China cannot become a world power. Her economic base is just not adequate enough to take suc...

R. D. Appleton

1966-01-01

71

Liberation psychological implications for pastoral care of Korean military wives.  

PubMed

Native Korean women frequently suffer poverty, sexual violence, and Confucian gender discrimination. Once in America Korean military wives also experience racial and sexual oppression, intercultural familial conflicts and violence, and identity crisis and lead to feelings of isolation and non-belonging, a sense of anomie. Korean American pastors tend to understate and oversimplify the complexity of psychological and spiritual suffering of Korean military wives and overemphasize individual faith development as a solution. Liberation psychology evolved from an awareness of similar dehumanizing realities. The context-based perspective of liberation psychology offers a model to interpret and assist in the psychological and spiritual healing of Korean military wives. The healing power of conscientization offered in Liberation psychology for oppressed individuals encourages self-awakening suggesting it as an ideal interventional model to help Korean military wives and would be a useful approach for Korean American pastors. PMID:21404760

Chang, Bocheol

2010-01-01

72

AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER'S CONESVILLE POWER PLANT UNIT NO.5 CO2 CAPTURE RETROFIT STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

ALSTOM Power Inc.'s Power Plant Laboratories (ALSTOM) has teamed with American Electric Power (AEP), ABB Lummus Global Inc. (ABB), the US Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL), and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) to conduct a comprehensive study evaluating the technical feasibility and economics of alternate COâ capture and sequestration technologies applied to an existing US

Carl R. Bozzuto; Nsakala ya Nsakala; Gregory N. Liljedahl; Mark Palkes; John L. Marion

2001-01-01

73

Rethinking the role of Soviet military power. Report for June 1990-June 1991  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the changing role of the Soviet military and the military instrument in the Soviet system. It begins by identifying traditional Soviet foreign policy objectives and how they have changed under Gorbachev. In turn, these foreign policy shifts have played a part in redefining the role of the Soviet military. Changes in the General Staff's agenda are then examined, followed by an overview of the implications of the nationalities problem for the Soviet military. As the Soviet system faces a challenging time of change, the military must determine how it will participate in this change. This paper offers several alternative futures for the Soviet Union, with particular attention focused on the resultant alternative roles for Soviet foreign and security policy. This paper also argues that the security debates in the USSR, Eastern Europe, and Western Europe will all affect each other. Within the Soviet Union, the most important debate is the one between the Union and the Republics. The challenges for the West is to develop new approaches to our involvement in these security debates.

Laird, R.F.; Clark, S.L.

1991-06-01

74

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

75

'Perestroika', The Revolution Continues: A Reform Package to Enhance Military Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Mikhail Gorbachev, is leading an effort to reform the Soviet economy and increase efficiencies throughout the society, the government, and the military. At the same time, he is activ...

L. D. Arron

1988-01-01

76

The geopolitics of climate change: power transitions, conflict and the future of military activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change is emerging as one of the primary geopolitical challenges of the early twenty-first century, one that will likely involve military engagements and deployments in both traditional and non-traditional missions. Unlike mass casualty terrorism, climate change does not have a single galvanising event that can encourage collective mitigation efforts by both developed and developing states. International efforts to counter

Paul J. Smith

2011-01-01

77

Revolution in Military Affairs: Allied Perspectives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The revolution in military affairs (RMA) is an American concept that frames a debate about the restructuring of American military forces in the period of globalization of the American economy. A core task for U.S. allies is to seek to understand the Ameri...

R. F. Laird H. H. Mey

1999-01-01

78

Propulsion and Power Generation Capabilities of a Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) Fusion System for Future Military Aerospace Vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to perform a parametric evaluation of the performance and interface characteristics of a dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion system in support of a USAF advanced military aerospace vehicle concept study. This vehicle is an aerospace plane that combines clean ``aneutronic'' dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion power and propulsion technology, with advanced ``lifting body''-like airframe configurations utilizing air-breathing MHD propulsion and power technology within a reusable single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) vehicle. The applied approach was to evaluate the fusion system details (geometry, power, T/W, system mass, etc.) of a baseline p-11B DPF propulsion device with Q = 3.0 and thruster efficiency, ?prop = 90% for a range of thrust, Isp and capacitor specific energy values. The baseline details were then kept constant and the values of Q and ?prop were varied to evaluate excess power generation for communication systems, pulsed-train plasmoid weapons, ultrahigh-power lasers, and gravity devices. Thrust values were varied between 100 kN and 1,000 kN with Isp of 1,500 s and 2,000 s, while capacitor specific energy was varied from 1 - 15 kJ/kg. Q was varied from 3.0 to 6.0, resulting in gigawatts of excess power. Thruster efficiency was varied from 0.9 to 1.0, resulting in hundreds of megawatts of excess power. Resulting system masses were on the order of 10's to 100's of metric tons with thrust-to-weight ratios ranging from 2.1 to 44.1, depending on capacitor specific energy. Such a high thrust/high Isp system with a high power generation capability would allow military versatility in sub-orbital space, as early as 2025, and beyond as early as 2050. This paper presents the results that coincide with a total system mass between 15 and 20 metric tons.

Knecht, Sean D.; Thomas, Robert E.; Mead, Franklin B.; Miley, George H.; Froning, David

2006-01-01

79

What's So "Powerful" about African American Children's Literature?: Let's Ask the Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines what educators and academics describe as the "power" of children's literature and multicultural children's literature, which includes African American children's literature. Explores what four African American third-graders have to say about the "power" of six African American children's books. Concludes with the patterns and implications…

Hefflin, Bena R.

2003-01-01

80

77 FR 5501 - City of Hamilton, Ohio; American Municipal Power, Inc.; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Project No. 12667-031] City of Hamilton, Ohio; American Municipal Power, Inc...November 30, 2011. d. Applicant: City of Hamilton, Ohio and American Municipal Power...Description of Request: The City of Hamilton, Ohio and American Municipal...

2012-02-03

81

Military GSM.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military GSM (MGSM) is a term defined here to mean the redesigned and adapted use of civil Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) technology within military scenarios and isolated deployments. MGSM is a first step towards bringing the future benefi...

V. P. Scaffidi

1994-01-01

82

Why Military History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

Bunting, Josiah, III

2008-01-01

83

Power Amplifier Linearization and Efficiency Improvement Techniques for Commercial and Military Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some recent developments in the area of power amplifier (PA) linearization and efficiency improvement techniques. Advanced digital pre-distortion (DPD) architectures implemented with digital signal processing (DSP) are discussed. Various results of improvements in intermodulation distortion (IMD) when applied to high power RF amplifiers are presented. Crest factor reduction (CFR) has been shown to substantially increase the power

J. Stevenson Kenney; Jau-Horng Chen

2006-01-01

84

Flywheel charging module for energy storage used in high-voltage pulsed and multi-mode mobility hybrid electric military vehicle power system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimal energy systems is currently designing and manufacturing flywheel-based energy storage systems that are being used to provide pulses of energy for charging high-voltage capacitors in a mobile military system. These systems receive their energy from low-voltage vehicle bus power (28 VDC) and provide output power at over 10,000 VDC without the need for DC-DC voltage conversion electronics. This energy

D. W. Swett; J. G. Blanche

2004-01-01

85

10 kWe dual-mode space nuclear power system for military and scientific applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Small Externally-fueled Heat Pipe Thermionic Reactor concept is used as the basis of a 10 kWe dual-mode space power system scheme that generates both arcjet propulsion system power and direct (hydrogen propellant-heating) thrust. This direct-thrust feature allows the nuclear-power system to move a payload from LEO to GEO in less than one month, using half as much propellant as a cryogenic-fuel chemical rocket. The nuclear reactor uses 36 thermionic heat-pipe modules, which produce electricity within the reactor and remove waste heat.

Malloy, John; Westerman, Kurt; Rochow, Richard; Scoles, Stephen

86

Ramgen Power Systems-Supersonic Component Technology for Military Engine Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ramgen Power Systems, Inc. (RPS) is currently developing two high efficiency gas turbine engine concepts to create two entirely new gas turbine engines. The superior efficiency results from: (1) high pressure shock wave compression and supersonic expansio...

C. W. Sohn F. H. Holcomb P. Baldwin R. C. Steele S. Lawlor

2006-01-01

87

75 FR 24938 - City of Hamilton, Ohio American Municipal Power, Inc.; Notice of Application for Transfer of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Project No. 12667-029] City of Hamilton, Ohio American Municipal Power, Inc.; Notice...April 28, 2010. On February 26, 2010, City of Hamilton, Ohio (Hamilton) and American Municipal Power, Inc. (AMP)...

2010-05-06

88

Women in Military Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American women have participated in and made significant contributions to the defense of this nation during both war and peace times. Their contributions, however, have gone largely unacknowledged and unrewarded. The history of women serving in defense of our nation began more than 220 years ago with women who served in the American Revolution and continues with those who serve today. The Women's Memorial Web site is dedicated to recognizing the achievements of women who have served in the military and also honors other women who have served in direct support of the US armed forces, particularly during times of war or conflict. The site offers historical data on valiant women who served in America's military as well as educational resources for teachers and students. It also provides information on how to plan a trip to the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, where the women who have served in this country's armed forces are individually and collectively honored.

1997-01-01

89

The Adjustment of New Recruits to Military Life in the Chinese Army: The Longitudinal Predictive Power of MMPI-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present the findings of two studies analyzing new recruits' adjustment to army life in the Chinese military. In the first exploratory study, we developed a scale to measure new recruits' adjustment to military life, and found that new soldiers' adaptation could be divided into two distinct types: interpersonal…

Xiao, Lijun; Han, Jing; Han, Jian

2011-01-01

90

Android Smartphone Relevance to Military Weather Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Android Smartphone devices provide a mobile, powerful, versatile and relatively inexpensive computing platform that is potentially well suited for use by the military. Applications ('apps') are relatively easy to develop and deploy for tailored military u...

D. Sauter

2011-01-01

91

Growing Up And Feeling Powerful As An American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for American Indian school children in grades 4-8, this booklet is a reading resource on drug abuse prevention. The material is based on a concept of primary drug abuse prevention developed by Native American experts involved in various drug abuse programs: "primary prevention is a process of recognition and respect for Native cultural…

Mason, Velma Garcia; Baker, George

92

Native American Community Academy: The Power of Embracing Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value that Native American nations place on deliberative experiential learning and oral reflection often is opposed to traditional practices in US schools. The inherent differences between those cultural approaches to learning have contributed to the large achievement gap between Native American schools and traditional public schools. In 2006…

Principal Leadership, 2013

2013-01-01

93

????:??????????? Anti-Americanism: The Clash of Civilizations or Power Politics?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently globalization has been considered as an influencial factor in the social development of most countries around the world, and conservatives in those societies tend to view it as an undesirable trend of cultural Americanization. As a result, anti-Americanism has emerged or intensified throughout the world. Samuel Huntington, in analyzing the future development of world politics in early 1990s, pointed

Chilin Yang

94

Military issues.  

PubMed

This article reviews of some of the lessons in trauma psychiatry learned by the US military through wartime and other trauma experiences during the past century. Current practice in the military's employment of stress control teams is reviewed. The military's efforts to prevent and limit psychological casualties, to include the care of battle casualties and prisoners of war (POWs), are addressed. Recent experiences that have informed further, and are shaping the military's approach to managing the psychological aftermath of trauma (such as the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon and the current war with Iraq) are included. Guidelines developed after 9/11, and articulated in the "Mass Violence and Early Intervention" conference are presented. Finally, current ideas on preparation for and intervention after weapons of mass destruction will be outlined. PMID:15325487

Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Owens, Mark

2004-09-01

95

Military Exposures  

MedlinePLUS

... and environmental hazards during military service. Reports on Veterans' Health Care Use What are the most common diagnoses ... Language Surviving Spouses & Dependents Adaptive Sports Program ADMINISTRATION ... Benefits Administration National Cemetery Administration U.S. ...

96

Comparative Analysis of the Military Leadership Styles of Ernest J. King and Chester W. Nimitz.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a constantly changing world threatened by the likelihood of terrorist acts, the American people need military leaders who clearly demonstrate an understanding of American core values, and who are both competent and morally focused. To produce military ...

J. R. Hill

2009-01-01

97

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at Massachusetts Military Reservation. A Study Prepared in Partnership Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering Americas Land initiative, selected the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR) to receive technical assistance from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for a f...

B. Stafford G. Mosey R. Robichaud

2011-01-01

98

18 CFR 1317.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... Military and merchant marine educational institutions... Section 1317.210 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... Military and merchant marine educational...

2010-04-01

99

18 CFR 1317.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... Military and merchant marine educational institutions... Section 1317.210 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... Military and merchant marine educational...

2009-04-01

100

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electricity and Electronics. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Module 20: Solid State Power Supplies; 20T: Electron Tube Power Supplies. Study Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of individualized learning modules on power supplies is one in a series of modules for a course in basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Two modules are included in the…

Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

101

Civilian-Military Relations in Latin America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For some time now, there has been debate in academic circles about just how much civilian politicians in Latin America need to know, and do, to control their militaries. David Pion-Berlin, a highly regarded scholar on Latin American civil-military relatio...

J. R. Goetze, T. C. Bruneau

2006-01-01

102

New Visions in Asian American Studies. Diversity, Community, Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays from the eighth national conference of the Association for Asian American Studies is organized into four sections: history and women's studies; social science; literature; and Hawaiian studies. The following papers are included: (1) "History and Women Studies" (Yung); (2) "From Old to New Plantations: Labor's Growing…

Ng, Franklin, Ed.; And Others

103

NIST support of phasor measurements to increase reliability of the North American electric power grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of developing better tools for observing the status of the North American power grid is described. Focus is on the performance of the phase measurement units being deployed to give the raw data for this improved observability. How the availability of this information would have appeared during the August 2003 power blackout is described. IEEE is developing a

Gerard Stenbakken; Tom Nelson

2006-01-01

104

77 FR 34033 - American River Power IX, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Illinois--Hydroelectric Water Power Project (Peoria Dam Project...transmission line conveying the power from the switchyard to a point...gigawatt-hours. Applicant Contact: Michael Skelly, Chairman/Manager, American River Power IX, LLC, 726 Eldridge...

2012-06-08

105

A Strategy of Conservation: American Power and the International System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overarching strategic challenge facing the United States is revitalizing the international system so that the nation might conserve its strength and power even as the global environment shifts. The United States, which has been the primary beneficiary of a stable international system and remains its preeminent power, must lead and shape a process of adapting the international system to

Sarah Sewall

2008-01-01

106

Power and Ideology in American Sport. A Critical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a critical perspective in examining how the dominant power interests influence sport and its role in society. It provides insights into how government, big business, the mass media, and educational institutions gain and maintain power and wealth while sport participants and spectators look to sport for enjoyment, creative…

Sage, George H.

107

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

108

Cultural Competence, Educators, and Military Families: Understanding the Military in a Department of Defense Dependent's School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military members have a strong cultural identity, one that distinguishes them from civilians. This qualitative study sought to identify the cultural competencies needed for educators to better understand an American military constituency. Data were obtained through semistructured interviews, collection of documents, and observations of public…

Keegan, Danette; Hyle, Adrienne E.; Sanders, Vicki

2004-01-01

109

Structural vulnerability of the North American power grid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The magnitude of the August 2003 blackout affecting the United States has put the challenges of energy transmission and distribution into limelight. Despite all the interest and concerted effort, the complexity and interconnectivity of the electric infrastructure precluded us for a long time from understanding why certain events happened. In this paper we study the power grid from a network perspective and determine its ability to transfer power between generators and consumers when certain nodes are disrupted. We find that the power grid is robust to most perturbations, yet disturbances affecting key transmision substations greatly reduce its ability to function. We emphasize that the global properties of the underlying network must be understood as they greatly affect local behavior.

Albert, Réka; Albert, István; Nakarado, Gary L.

2004-02-01

110

Consortium for health and military performance and American College of Sports Medicine Summit: utility of functional movement assessment in identifying musculoskeletal injury risk.  

PubMed

Prevention of musculoskeletal injuries (MSKI) is critical in both civilian and military populations to enhance physical performance, optimize health, and minimize health care expenses. Developing a more unified approach through addressing identified movement impairments could result in improved dynamic balance, trunk stability, and functional movement quality while potentially minimizing the risk of incurring such injuries. Although the evidence supporting the utility of injury prediction and return-to-activity readiness screening tools is encouraging, considerable additional research is needed regarding improving sensitivity, specificity, and outcomes, and especially the implementation challenges and barriers in a military setting. If selected current functional movement assessments can be administered in an efficient and cost-effective manner, utilization of the existing tools may be a beneficial first step in decreasing the burden of MSKI, with a subsequent focus on secondary and tertiary prevention via further assessments on those with prior injury history. PMID:24412892

Teyhen, Deydre; Bergeron, Michael F; Deuster, Patricia; Baumgartner, Neal; Beutler, Anthony I; de la Motte, Sarah J; Jones, Bruce H; Lisman, Peter; Padua, Darin A; Pendergrass, Timothy L; Pyne, Scott W; Schoomaker, Eric; Sell, Timothy C; O'Connor, Francis

2014-01-01

111

Settler colonial power and the American Indian sovereignty movement: forms of domination, strategies of transformation.  

PubMed

The article extends the multi-institutional model of power and change through an analysis of the American Indian Sovereignty Movement. Drawing upon cultural models of the state, and articulating institutionalist conceptions of political opportunities and resources, the analysis demonstrates that this framework can be applied to challenges addressing the state as well as nonstate fields. The rational-legal diminishment of tribal rights, bureaucratic paternalism, commonsense views of tribes as racial/ethnic minorities, and the binary construction of American and Indian as oppositional identities diminished the appeal of "contentious" political action. Instead, to establish tribes' status as sovereign nations, tribal leaders aggressively enacted infrastructural power, transposed favorable legal rulings across social fields to legitimize sovereignty discourses, and promoted a pragmatic coexistence with state and local governments. Identifying the United States as a settler colonial society, the study suggests that a decolonizing framework is more apt than racial/ethnicity approaches in conceptualizing the struggle of American Indians. PMID:22594118

Steinman, Erich

2012-01-01

112

Safety of Maximal Power, Strength, and Endurance Testing in Older African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated blood pressure (BP) response, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and rate of injury and muscle soreness associated with maximal muscle power, strength, and endurance testing in 19 sedentary African American women 44-68 years of age. Tests included the medicine ball put, a modified Wingate bicycle test, the bench press, and the squat press. Blood pressure and RPE

KENT J. ADAMS; ANN M. SWANK; KERRY L. BARNARD; JOE M. BERNING; PATRICIA G. SEVENE-ADAMS

2000-01-01

113

Transforming American Education Learning Powered by Technology. National Education Technology Plan 2010. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Education is the key to America's economic growth and prosperity and to our ability to compete in the global economy. It is the path to good jobs and higher earning power for Americans. It is necessary for our democracy to work. It fosters the cross-borde...

2010-01-01

114

School Choice and the Standpoint of African American Mothers: Considering the Power of Positionality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The in-depth interview data from low-income and working-class African American mothers is used to describe how they engage in the educational marketplace and construct their school choices. Their stories reveal that their positionality-race, class and gender factors-powerfully influences their educational decision-making.

Cooper, Camille Wilson

2005-01-01

115

Frequency Control Concerns in the North American Electric Power System  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the relationship between system frequency, reliability and markets. It was prompted by the frequency deviations recently experienced at 2200 hours daily but is more generally concerned with the question of what frequency control is necessary. The paper does not provide new information or document new research. Nor is it intended to educate readers concerning power system engineering. Instead, the purpose is to reexamine well known truths concerning the power system and to freshly explore the basic relationship between frequency, reliability and markets: stepping back, if you will, to see if we are collectively missing something. The concern of this paper is with frequency and reliability. Off-nominal frequency can impact reliability and markets efficiency (as we are using the term here) in four ways. It could damage equipment (generation, transmission, or load). It could degrade the quality of the product being delivered to end users (too low and lights would flicker unacceptably, for example). It could result in the collapse of the power system itself (by triggering protective system actions, for example). Or it could result in overloading transmission lines as various generators try to restore system frequency impacting markets efficiency. Often these causes operate in concert. Generator protective systems take action to prevent generator damage, for example, but exacerbate the overall generation/load imbalance. The paper is divided into two sections. The Introduction is followed by a section titled ''A Perspective on Frequency Control'' which addresses the physical requirements of the power system and how market transactions interact with the physical system. The ''Frequency Standards and Control Performance'' section discusses the various NERC and regional reliability council policies that govern utility performance and how these relate to frequency and reliability. Finally, Conclusions are provided.

Kirby, B.J.

2003-03-26

116

Significance of Religion as an Essential Component of the Military's Cultural Framework Strategy and Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For years, American diplomats have been trained to not discuss religion and have often excluded religious leaders from diplomacy. The United States military, to a lesser extent, has also tended to evade religion in conducting military operations and negot...

C. E. Reynolds

2010-01-01

117

Comparative Analysis of the Military Leadership Styles of George C. Marshall and Dwight D. Eisenhower.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a constantly changing world threatened by ever increasing terrorist acts, American interests, both at home and abroad, require protection provided by great military leaders. In order to produce military leaders who can successfully meet the future chal...

J. R. Hill

2008-01-01

118

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

119

Coup and Conscience: Approaching an American Threshold.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines conditions which are influencing the American military to approach a behavioral threshold in civil-military relations. This threshold is a point of departure from traditional subordinated behavior. At the threshold a divergence is fore...

T. M. Moscheau

1980-01-01

120

[Syzran Military Hospital].  

PubMed

In 2011 Central Military Hospital Syzran Military District--the former 417-th Syzransky garrison military hospital Russian Defense Ministry--celebrated the 65th anniversary. At different periods in the hospital were deployed 50, 100 and 150 beds in 3, 4 and 6 units, respectively. Currently Syzran Military Hospital, part of the Federal State Institution "354 District Military Clinical Hospital", the Russian Defense Ministry-- a multi-facility consisting of 6 diagnostic and treatment departments and offices. PMID:22329178

Domogarova, S V

2011-11-01

121

Protective Parenting, Relationship Power Equity, and Condom Use Among Rural African American Emerging Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Sexually transmitted infections disproportionately affect African Americans, particularly young women. The influence of a set of interrelated protective parenting processes—instrumental and emotional support, sexual risk communication, and encouragement of goals for employment or education—on emerging adult women was examined. Parenting was hypothesized to affect consistent condom use through its association with women’s reports of power equity in their intimate relationships. Hypotheses were tested with 135 sexually active women 18 to 21 years of age living in rural southern communities. Structural equation modeling indicated that (a) parenting processes predicted women’s self-reported relationship power equity and consistent condom use, and (b) relationship power equity predicted consistent condom use. Limited support emerged for a mediational role of relationship power equity in explaining the influence of parenting on consistent condom use. Parental involvement and young women’s establishment of personal control in their intimate relationships are important goals for sexual risk reduction programs.

Kogan, Steven M.; Simons, Leslie G.; Chen, Yifu; Burwell, Stephanie; Brody, Gene H.

2012-01-01

122

Power law for the duration of recession and prosperity in Latin American countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ormerod and Mounfield [P. Ormerod, C. Mounfield, Power law distribution of duration and magnitude of recessions in capitalist economies: Breakdown of scaling, Physica A 293 (2001) 573] and Ausloos et al. [M. Ausloos, J. Mikiewicz, M. Sanglier, The durations of recession and prosperity: Does their distribution follow a power or an exponential law? Physica A 339 (2004) 548] have independently analyzed the duration of recessions for developed countries through the evolution of the GDP in different time windows. It was found that there is a power law governing the duration distribution. We have analyzed data collected from 19 Latin American countries in order to observe whether such results are valid or not for developing countries. The case of prosperity years is also discussed. We observe that the power law of recession time intervals, see Ref.  [1], is valid for Latin American countries as well. Thus an interesting point is discovered: the same scaling time is found in the case of recessions for the three data sets (ca. 1 year), and this could represent a universal feature. Other time scale parameters differ significantly from each other.

Redelico, Francisco O.; Proto, Araceli N.; Ausloos, Marcel

2008-11-01

123

Finding Dennis Hart Mahan: The Professor's Place in Military History.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper seeks to ascertain the 'place' of Dennis Hart Mahan, professor at the United States Military Academy from 1832-1871, within American military history. The research for this paper commenced with a premise that Mahan has a pervasive influence upo...

I. Hope

2008-01-01

124

Bionic Running for Unilateral Transtibial Military Amputees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A team from the United States Military Academy and Walter Reed Medical Center, in collaboration with private industry partner, SpringActive, Inc., have designed, built, and demonstrated a first of its kind motor powered, single board computer controlled, ...

A. Boehler J. Hitt J. Johnston J. Merlo M. Holgate

2010-01-01

125

Comparative Military Personnel Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at the problems associated with the recruitment and employment of military personnel in Western industrialized society. It is particularly concerned with issues relating to the recruitment and retention within the military of homosexuals...

G. Harries-Jenkins

1994-01-01

126

ADHD and the Military  

MedlinePLUS

ADHD and the Military Can't find what you're looking for? Our health information specialists are ... 800-233-4050 or online . Can Individuals with ADHD Join the Military? Finding accurate information about whether ...

127

Military Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

... 8255 Military One Source 800-342-9647 Military Sexual Assault SafeHelpline 877-995-5247 18 reads Home Topics ... experienced a sexual trauma. Sexual trauma (harassment, assault, rape and associated violence) can trigger a range of ...

128

High-power diode lasers between 1.8?m and 3.0?m for military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last years high-power diode lasers in the wavelength window between 1.8?m and 3.0?m have demonstrated impressive characteristics in terms of output power, beam quality and efficiency. This facilitates the realization of compact and efficient light sources for use in the field of infrared countermeasures (IRCM), optically pumped semiconductor lasers emitting in the 2-4?m regime, low probability of intercept communication links, and trace gas analysis. The small size of a diode laser chip of typically less than a square millimeter allows for the fabrication of compact scalable laser modules with output powers of up to 140W. We will present results on MBE grown (AlGaIn)(AsSb) quantum-well diode laser single emitters and bars emitting between 1.8?m and 3.0?m. Different epitaxial and resonator designs have been investigated in cw and pulsed mode in order to meet industrial needs of high wall-plug and fiber-coupling efficiencies. More than 30% maximum wall-plug efficiency in cw operation for single emitters and laser bars has been reached together with output powers for single emitters of 2W (cw) and 9W (pulsed). The single emitters and bars are all suitable for fiber coupling. For a 1-bar module typical coupling efficiencies between 70% and 80% have been established for 400?m core fibers. In terms of output power, an AuSn soldered laser stack built of 10x 20% fill factor bars emitting at 1908nm, results in a record value of 140W at 58A in cw condition.

Hilzensauer, S.; Giesin, C.; Schleife, J.; Gilly, J.; Patterson, S.; Kelemen, M. T.

2013-10-01

129

Ethnic Conflict: Imperatives for US Military Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is no secret that American military strategists were roughly ejected from their comfort zones by the end of the Cold War. After decades of being securely anchored by the all-consuming struggle between democracy and communism, such individuals were sudd...

K. D. Lohide

1999-01-01

130

The Military Socialization of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revision of a paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Denver, Colo., 1971. The effects of military training in a university setting on the attitudes of prospective army officers are examined. ROTC recruits students with militaristic attitudes; the Corps serves to insulate cadets from the liberalizing effects of the…

Goertzel, Ted; Hengst, Acco

1971-01-01

131

Military Effectiveness: A Reappraisal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military effectiveness is a common goal among military forces, but it is an ill-defined concept. Two divergent theories cover the ground of military effectiveness. One looks at the interaction of social structures, whereas the other looks at the effect or...

J. J. Bernasconi

2007-01-01

132

American Approach to Limited War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Limited war has been a prominent feature in United States military history. Past applications of limited military power in war have dramatically furthered U.S. national interests. But despite encouraging experiences with limited war from independence to t...

B. Warrington

1994-01-01

133

Listening to Military Members Returning From Iraq and\\/or Afghanistan: A Phenomenological Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some practicing psychologists are seeing an increasing number of returned military members. The primary objective of this research was to describe and understand the experiences of American military members who had been stationed in Iraq and\\/or Afghanistan since the conflict began in 2003. Phenomenological interviews were conducted with 10 male military members ranging from 23 to 56 years old, who

Marie E. Shaw; Mark A. Hector

2010-01-01

134

Survey of harmonic levels on the American electric power distribution system  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of a research project involving the investigation of power system harmonic levels on selected distribution circuits of differing load composition on the American Electric Power System (AEP). Over a four year period, beginning in 1984, the harmonic levels on seven selected distribution circuits were recorded and analyzed providing valuable information on the characteristics of specific loads as well as typical harmonic levels on the three classes of distribution circuits; residential, commercial and industrial. Analysis of the data obtained through these field measurements indicates typical harmonical distortion levels present during operation of the distribution system. Based on monitored information from the selected circuits, the voltage distortion on the AEP 12.47/7.2 kV distribution system is near 1% at minimum and can be expected to exceed 5% in a small percentage of measurements. In the voltage distortion measurements which exceeded 5% voltage distortion, the fifth harmonic is the major component.

Shuter, T.C.; Vollkommer, H.T. Jr. (American Electric Power Service Corp., Columbus, OH (US)); Kirkpatrick, T.L. (Columbus Southern Power Co., Columbus, OH (US))

1989-10-01

135

Technical considerations relating to the use of coal for power generation in American Samoa  

SciTech Connect

This review focuses on apprasing the option of using coal for power generation in the US territory of American Samoa. The availability of Australian coal into the next century is almost guaranteed by the size of the Australian resource. This coal is about a third the price of fuel oil. One of the chief stumbling blocks to coal imports to American Samoa is lack of deep harbors. Possibilities for harbor expansions are discussed. A second drawback to coal-fired plants is high capital costs for construction relative to the diesel generators used now. A 25 MW/sub e/ plant equipped with spreader-stoker boiler, turbine generator, condensers, and feed system currently costs $18 to $20 million. A steam plant fueled with residual oil would be slightly less (approx. $17 million), but it would use a much more expensive fuel whose availability over the lifetime of the plant is questionable. The small size of the proposed power plant may exempt it from the New Source Performance Standards of the Clean Air Act. The low sulfur content of Australian coals require no or minimal SO/sub 2/ pollution control equipment. Ash can be ocean-dumped with EPA permit, used to reclaim nearshore land, or in a cement industry. Land requirements for dead (60 to 90-day) coal storage are one to two acres. Land availability is tied to site selection. In conclusion, coal use in Tutuila is constrained principally by lack of appropriate port facilities.

Borg, I.Y.

1982-10-01

136

Space systems and the military geography of future regional conflicts  

SciTech Connect

The application of space systems to military operations as seen in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm will surely transform regional security environments around the world and rewrite the military geography of conflicts, alliances, and industrial strategies. The first part of this report outlines the significance of space systems for contemporary military operations, as seen recently in the operations against Iraq; the second parts describes the likely response of other actors and regions; the third section discusses implications of these developments for the future military geography of regions important to American security; and the fourth highlights programmatic implications for future US capabilities. 34 refs.

Butterworth, R.L.

1992-01-01

137

Military psychiatry in India  

PubMed Central

Military personnel, because of the unique nature of their duties and services, are likely to be under stress which at times has no parallel in civilian life. The stress of combat and service in extreme weather conditions often act as major stressors. The modern practices in military psychiatry had their beginning during the two World Wars, more particularly, the IInd World War. The GHPU concept had the beginning in India with military hospitals having such establishments in the care of their clientele. As the nation gained independence, many of the military psychiatrists shifted to the civil stream and contributed immensely in the development of modern psychiatry in India. In the recent years military psychiatry has been given the status of a subspecialty chapter and the military psychiatrists have been regularly organizing CMEs and training programs for their members to prepare them to function in the special role of military psychiatrists.

Prabhu, H. R. A.

2010-01-01

138

Ethics and American Power: Speeches by Caspar W. Weinberger and George P. Shultz. Responses by Philip Geyelin, Smith Hempstone, Carl F. H. Henry, Thomas Molnar, Richard John Neuhaus, David D. Newsom, William V. O'Brien, Paul Seabury, Roger L. Shinn, Seymour Siegel, Edward Teller, Richard M. Nixon. Ethics and Public Policy Essay 59.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two cabinet secretaries address the problems of when and how the United States should use military power. Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger emphasizes the importance of prudence and restraint in the use of military force in chapter 1: "The Uses of Military Power." Secretary of State George P. Shultz stresses the vital importance of…

Lefever, Ernest W., Ed.

139

Immunization and military medicine.  

PubMed

This lecture, a memorial to Joseph E. Smadel, reviews the involvement of the military in the development and use of immunizing materials. Smallpox and smallpox immunization in the military and the development and present status of immunization against typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, typhus, tetanus, diphtheria, plague, influenza, adenovirus, meningitis, rubella, and malaria are reviewed. Dr. Smadel's personal contributions to the significant achievements of the military program to civilian practice are emphasized. PMID:6369477

Benenson, A S

1984-01-01

140

Soviet military on SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative). Professional paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous Western analysts have suggested that all American assessments of SDI should proceed not only from a consideration of American intentions, but also from the outlook of Soviet perceptions. Since 23 March 1983, the prevailing tone of Soviet military writings on SDI has been overwhelmingly negative. Myron Hedlin has concluded that this harsh reaction to a U.S. initiative still years

1987-01-01

141

Gender Power Control, Sexual Experiences, Safer Sex Practices, and Potential HIV Risk Behaviors Among Young Asian-American Women  

PubMed Central

We examined the prevalence of three domains of sexual behaviors among young Asian-American women: sexual experiences, safer sex practices, and potential HIV risk behaviors. We also investigated the impact of gender power control on these domains. Among sexually experienced women, 51% reported using condoms during their most recent sex act, 63% reported inconsistent condom use, and 18% reported ever having forced sex. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that women’s perceived lower relationship power control was not associated with vaginal sex or safer sex practices, but it was powerfully associated with forced sex and all three potential HIV risk behaviors. This study demonstrates that control within young Asian-American women’s intimate relationships exerts different associations depending on the type of sexual behavior. The application of the Theory of Gender and Power should be employed with prudence when designing HIV interventions for this population.

Lee, Jieha; Rough, Kathryn; Strathdee, Steffanie A.

2012-01-01

142

Why National Standards Won't Fix American Education: Misalignment of Power and Incentives. Backgrounder. No. 2413  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American education needs to be fixed, but national standards and testing are not the way to do it. The problems that need fixing are too deeply ingrained in the power and incentive structure of the public education system, and the renewed focus on national standards threatens to distract from the fundamental issues. Besides, federal control over…

Burke, Lindsey M.; Marshall, Jennifer A.

2010-01-01

143

Advising Transfer Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's students can come from a larger area than just high school. With the entire world's conflicts and today's society, more and more of our present day students may have come from the military ranks. Though we have not come to an actual draft system, more and more modern day students have served their time in the military, to keep America…

Bailey, Steven

2011-01-01

144

Radiometry in military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be

Krzysztof Chrzanowski

2001-01-01

145

Hebrew Military Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to give the military student a broad range of vocabulary on military subjects and a general understanding of the structure and operations of the Israel Defense Forces, this reader parallels advanced materials prepared for Foreign Service students of Hebrew and consists of short reading passages, each followed by a vocabulary list…

Abarbanel, Joel I.

146

Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Military System Applications of Superconductors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Task Force found a number of superconductivity applications that could result in significant new military capabilities, including electronics and high power applications. In particular, superconducting materials could enable significant military impro...

1988-01-01

147

OLED study for military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The presentation deals with some applications of OLED displays in military optronic systems, which are scheduled by SAGEM DS (Defence and Security). SAGEM DS, one of the largest group in the defence and security market, is currently investigating OLED Technologies for military programs. This technology is close from being chosen for optronic equipment such as future infantry night vision goggles, rifle-sight, or, more generally, vision enhancement systems. Most of those applications requires micro-display with an active matrix size below 1". Some others, such as, for instance, ruggedized flat displays do have a need for higher active matrix size (1,5" to 15"). SAGEM DS takes advantages of this flat, high luminance and emissive technology in highly integrated systems. In any case, many requirements have to be fulfilled: ultra-low power consumption, wide viewing angle, good pixel to pixel uniformity, and satisfactory behaviour in extreme environmental conditions.... Accurate measurements have been achieved at SAGEM DS on some micro display OLEDs and will be detailed: luminance (over 2000 cd/m2 achieved), area uniformity and pixel to pixel uniformity, robustness at low and high temperature (-40°C to +60°C), lifetime. These results, which refer to military requirements, provide a valuable feedback representative of the state of the art OLED performances.

Barre, F.; Chiquard, A.; Faure, S.; Landais, L.; Patry, P.

2005-07-01

148

Selection of Military Advisors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Proper selection of advisory personnel for transition teams is critical to military advisory efforts in Iraq. The selection procedures currently in place have shortcomings that may be best adjusted through analyzing historical experiences and prior lesson...

T. J. Clark

2007-01-01

149

Military Space Station Implications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Justifying the relevancy of a Manned Military Space Station (MMSS) and subsequently proposing its deployment to capitalize upon the United States' national security interests is the essence and purpose of this group study project. The MMSS is intended to ...

G. D. Bourne G. D. Skirvin G. R. Wilson

1987-01-01

150

Professional Military Ethic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Understanding the professional military ethic (PME) first requires understanding the conceptual foundations upon which it stands. This foundation includes objective morality, the sociology of professions, professional ethics in general, and the profession...

J. D. Cazier

2012-01-01

151

Music in the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

Young, Amanda

1981-01-01

152

Military Immunization Communication Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Defense's (DoD) immunization program is an integral part of DoD's force protection program. One of the biggest challenges for the military immunization program involves maintaining a comprehensive communication effort to provide informat...

2005-01-01

153

Samuel Johnson's Military Writings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis contends that a consistent pattern of thought unites Johnson's moral and philological compositions (the Rambler and Idler essays, the Sermons) with his military writings--those works that have as their subjects soldiers or warfare. Specificall...

B. J. Hanley

1992-01-01

154

WAR & Military Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment. The success of screening has proven disappointing, the effects of treatment near the front lines are unclear, and the results of treatment for chronic postwar syndromes are mixed. After the Persian Gulf War, a number of military physicians made innovative proposals for a population-based approach, anchored in primary care instead of specialty-based care. This approach appears to hold the most promise for the future.

Pols, Hans; Oak, Stephanie

2007-01-01

155

Psychology of Military Groups.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Ideology and social psychology: The subject of social psychology; Interdependence of ideology and social psychology; Class and national features of social psychology; Basic elements of social psychology. Study of the psychology of a military gro...

A. Campbell E. Fortunatov

1968-01-01

156

Military usage of connectors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Military specifications with general purpose parameters and termination data covering flat connectors and flat cables are proposed. The material, design, coating, and insulation are discussed, and drafts of specifications for flat cables including quality assurance provisions, and inspection are presented.

Schade, R.

1972-01-01

157

Native American Mobilization and the Power of Recognition: Theorizing the Effects of Political Acknowledgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How recognition may empower or restrain Native American mobilization has not received sufficient scholarly attention and remains largely unexplored and under-theorized. This paper contributes a partial remedy to this oversight by explicitly theorizing how political recognition can mediate Native American collective action and lead to differential…

Stokes, DaShanne

2012-01-01

158

ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security  

ScienceCinema

The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

2014-03-13

159

Military As A Hindrance In Mexico's Consolidation Of Democracy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The argument in this thesis is that the Mexican military stands as a hindrance in Mexico's consolidation because of the lack of executive and legislative controls over the armed forces, and military prerogatives. The loss of power by the Institutional Rev...

S. Villarreal

2001-01-01

160

Radiometry in military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be measured and the testing methods to be used. There is also much literature on the subject of testing of the systems mentioned above, although mostly on subject of testing of the thermal imaging systems. In spite of this apparently numerous literature, there still significant confusion in this area due to secrecy of some parameters and testing methods, differences in recommendations of different military standards, fast progress in military optoelectronics, and also due to enormous number of different types of optoelectronics systems used in the military armament. A review of testing methods of the three basic groups of optoelectronics systems used in modern military armament: the missiles guided using optoelectronics methods, the optoelectronic imaging systems, and the optoelectronic countermeasures is presented in this paper. Trends in the measuring sets.

Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

2001-08-01

161

Environmental Assessment for Central Power and Light Company`s proposed Military Highway-CFE tie 138/69-kV transmission line project Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Central Power and Light Company (CPL) intends to upgrade its existing transmission line ties with the Commision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) system in Mexico. CPL currently has a single 69-kilovolt (kV) transmission line in the Brownsville area which connects CPL`s system with the system of CFE. This existing line runs between the Brownsville Switching Station, located on Laredo Road in Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas, and an existing CFE 69-kV line at the Rusteberg Bend of the Rio Grande in Cameron County. Under current conditions of need, the existing 69-kV line does not possess sufficient capability to engage in appropriate power exchanges. Therefore, CPL is proposing to build a new line to link up with CFE. This proposed line would be a double-circuit line, which would (1) continue (on a slightly relocated route) the existing 69-kV tie from CPL`s Brownsville Switching Station to CFE`s facilities, and (2) add a 138-kV tie from the Military Highway Substation, located on Military Highway (US Highway 281), to CFE`s facilities. The proposed 138/69-kV line, which will be constructed and operated by CPL, will be built primarily on steel single-pole structures within an average 60-foot (ft) wide right-of-way (ROW). It will be approximately 6900--9200 ft (1.3--1.7 miles) in length, depending on the alternative route constructed.

Not Available

1992-04-01

162

Renewable energy technology handbook for military engineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energy applications are introduced that are considered promising for military use in the 1980s. These are: solar hot water for buildings, active solar hot water and space heating for buildings, passive solar heating and cooling of buildings, solar industrial process heata, solar ponds, photovoltaic power for homes, photovoltaic power for remote applications, parabolic dish solar systems for remote applications, wind energy for buildings, wind energy for central power plants, wind energy for water pumping, biomass energy systems for buildings, biomass energy systems for central power plants, geothermal energy for process heat, and geothermal energy for central power plants. For each of these is given: a brief history of the technology and information on how the technology works; a detailed technical and economic profile of an operating system; and a summary listing of operating civilian and military systems that are open for public viewing.

1982-03-01

163

An Empirical Typology of International Military Alliances.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All military alliances concluded during the period 1920-1957 are examined according to a variety of background and output variables. The duration of alliances is examined for the degree to which they are dominated by a single power; and if a war does occu...

B. M. Russett H. B. Westerfield J. D. Sullivan J. S. Milstein

1971-01-01

164

Historic American Engineering Record, Theodore Roosevelt Dam, Power Plant. Photographs, Written Historical and Descriptive Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bureau of Reclamation has prepared this Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) to complete documentation responsibilities for recent Theodore Roosevelt Dam modifications. This report builds on HAER No. AZ-6, which detailed the design and construc...

C. Pfaff

1996-01-01

165

Civil-military relations in Lesotho, 1966-1998: Problems and prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

potentially use against their rivals. Nowhere is this more exemplified than in the debates around future control of the military that raged alongside other constitutional issues of the day. Indeed, for much of the post-colonial period the military was used as a tool—politicised and partisan. Later, the military seized power and governed in its own name. The problem today, as

Khabele Matlosa; Neville W. Pule

166

American Way of Warfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past several decades, numerous authors have written on the subject of an American way of war. These include works by Russell Weigley, Max Boot, and Brian Linn. The apparent differences among these works have stimulated debate among military sch...

C. M. Nangle

2012-01-01

167

The role and rights of victims at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents:\\u000aThe American perspective on Nuremberg: a case of cascading ironies \\/ Raymond M Brown-- The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg: British perspectives \\/ David Cesarani-- The French perspective \\/ Herve? Ascensio-- The role of the Soviet Union in the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg \\/ Michael J Bazyler-- Das internationale milita?rtribunal von Nu?rnberg aus deutscher perspektive \\/ Albin Eser--

Sam Boris Garkawe

2006-01-01

168

Year of Values. Professional Military Values, are they Relevant to Today's Society.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study considers the question of professional military values--the code f standards by which American military leaders have traditionally patterned their professional lives and actions to determine if there is today a need to rethink and update the co...

W. E. Cramer

1986-01-01

169

War on Film: Military History Education. Video Tapes, Motion Pictures, and Related Audiovisual Aids.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography is a listing of selected, unclassified government and commercially produced motion picture films, videotapes and related audiovisual materials that support the teaching of American military history. It is designed to serve as a resource ...

F. A. Eiserman

1987-01-01

170

Memetics--A Growth Industry in US Military Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tomorrow's US military must approach warfighting with an alternate mindset that is prepared to leverage all elements of national power to influence the ideological spheres of future enemies by engaging them with alternate means--memes--to gain advantage. ...

M. B. Prosser

2006-01-01

171

Evolution of US military space doctrine: precedents, prospects, and challenges  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation examines the evolution of US military space doctrine by: (1) defining military doctrine, its importance, and how it should be evaluated; (2) identifying principles of geopolitics, strategy, and war applicable to military space operations; (3) establishing how well does Air Force aerospace doctrine treat space issues and requirements for itself and the other Services: (4) identifying future directions for military space doctrine; and (5) postulating what might constitute a US military space doctrine in the future. The approach utilized incorporates analyses of the space environment, geopolitics, strategy, the principles of war, and the development of air power and sea power to provide a framework of constants or invariants within which military space operations must be conducted. It also utilizes a framework of inconstants or variants, consisting of technology impacts and organizational requirements, to which military space doctrine must respond. Other doctrinal requirements are derived from the 1987 DOD space policy, the Strategic Defense Initiative, and international space law. Finally, an assessment is made of future concepts and directions of US military space doctrine.

Johnson, D.J.

1987-01-01

172

Comparative International Military Personnel Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at the problems associated with the recruitment and employment of military personnel in Western industrialized society. It is particularly concerned with issues relating to the recruitment and retention within the military of homosexuals...

G. Harries-Jenkins

1998-01-01

173

Military Nurses Perceptions of Autonomy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military nurses sustain the health of deployed soldiers in a variety of contingencies. Autonomy is considered by nurses to affect both job satisfaction and the delivery of effective patient care. Previous studies showed that military nurses perceptions of...

D. M. Lyons

2002-01-01

174

Blogs and Military Information Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article explores the possibility of incorporating blogs and blogging into military information strategy, primarily as a tool for influence. Towards that end, the authors examine the value of blogs as targets of and/or platforms for military influence...

D. E. Denning J. B. Kinniburgh

2006-01-01

175

Women in the Military Cockpit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Historically women have demonstrated the capacity to be successful aviators. Recent participation of women in combat roles and in military aviation has, however, aroused controversy. The scientific literature pertinent to the role of women in military avi...

T. J. Lyons

1991-01-01

176

Military Retirement: Major Legislative Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military retirement system includes benefits for retirement after an active or reserve military career, disability retirement, and survivor benefits for eligible survivors of deceased retirees. The proposed change to the system that has generated the ...

R. L. Goldich

2004-01-01

177

Mainstreaming Military Compensation: Problems and Prospects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Changes to the military retirement system in the 1980's and attention by law makers, military leadership, and service members to pay comparability between the private sector and the military indicate that current military compensation policies may be inad...

D. J. MacDonald

1998-01-01

178

Private Military Industry: Economic Analysis, Uses & Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Different customers in different ages have used private military members as part of their military operations. After the Cold War era, a new form of Private Military Industry emerged. Companies serving in both military support and offensive operations and...

E. Sokmen

2007-01-01

179

Agency Theory View of the Military Advisor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An understanding of civil-military relations provides insight for the military strategist into the interplay between politics and military art. A framework of how civilian leadership and the military relate in formulating national security objectives may ...

G. E. Petrina

2005-01-01

180

Nutrition research in the military.  

PubMed

Military research performed in an operational environment involves mission-specific considerations. The Institute of Naval Medicine was tasked in 2008 by the Surgeon General to investigate the nutritional status of deployed British military personnel, and how this might affect body composition, physical fitness and operational capability. This paper briefly describes the logistic and technical issues specific to military research that were encountered by the study team, how these issues were overcome and how this research has influenced military practice. PMID:24434764

Hill, Neil E; Fallowfield, J L; Delves, S K; Wilson, D R

2014-06-01

181

Movies and the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Whether you call them 'movies' or 'films' is not important. What is important is that movies both reflect and have a strong impact on our society, thus they should not be taken lightly. The way a film depicts a military officer can have enormous impact on...

W. A. Greynolds

1972-01-01

182

PUTIN AND MILITARY REFORM  

Microsoft Academic Search

V ladimir Putin was faced with a military that was in a mess when he took over. Morale was at rock bottom, junior officers were leaving in droves, equipment and weapons were failing, soldiers were deserting, the draft was a joke, crime was on the rise, planes were crashing, and most important, Chechnya remained a major distraction. Putting the Russian

DALE R. HERSPRING

183

Military Space Robotics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Autonomous systems based on robotics will be essential for future U.S. military programs in space, and new emphasis and priorities for research and development of robotics technology should be adopted now to meet the needs of these programs. A plan of res...

D. R. Brown W. T. Park

1987-01-01

184

Failures in military aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severe operating conditions for components in military aircraft lead to a wide range of failure modes and introduce many factors which can influence those failures. As a result, the accident investigator or failure analyst may need to explore issues more widely than might be the case with systems operating in more benign or controlled environments. Complicating factors are the

Graham Clark

2005-01-01

185

To Protect a Free Society: Maintaining Excellence in the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retired general reflects upon the distinctive traits of the American leader. The presence of the ROTC on many campuses ensures America of a military leadership that is varied in origin and perspective, widely representative, and broadly educated in the liberal values and traditions of society. (MLW)

Smith, Dewitt C., Jr.

1985-01-01

186

Military Times and Turning Points in Men's Lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observations of continuity and discontinuity over the life span have focused attention on the process involved, such as mechanisms by which unpromising beginnings lead to opportunity and fulfillment instead of to failure. Using archival data from the Berkeley Guidance Study, this investigation tests the general hypothesis that military service functioned as a turning point for some American veterans born in

Glen H. Elder

1986-01-01

187

Shouldering the Soldiering: Democracy, Conscription, and Military Casualties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the American death toll in Iraq surpassed 1,900, some international research scholars may have been perplexed. Only a few years ago, foreign policy makers in Western democracies, including the United States, were described as being extremely sensitive to the risk of military combat casualties. Among the factors that influence the number of…

Vasquez, Joseph Paul, III

2005-01-01

188

Russian Military's Role in Politics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most crucial challenges that democratizing states face is that of redefining civil-military relations and transforming the military into a force loyal to the new democratic system. In order to prevent the military from becoming a threat, democr...

J. H. Brusstar E. Jones

1995-01-01

189

French military plans for Superphenix  

Microsoft Academic Search

France refuses to rule out military use of the plutonium produced by the planned breeder reactor Superphenix, although other nations, including the US, have contributed nuclear materials to it. US policy has been to separate military and civilian nuclear programs to set an example. France has not stated an intention to use Superphenix for military purposes, but is reserving the

Albright

1984-01-01

190

Eliminating Health Disparities in the African American Population: The Interface of Culture, Gender, and Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the release of former Secretary Margaret Heckler's "Secretary's Task Force Report on Black and Minority Health" more than two decades ago, excess death from chronic diseases and other conditions between African Americans and Whites have increased. The conclusion of that report emphasized excess death and thus clinical care, paying little…

Airhihenbuwa, Collins O.; Liburd, Leandris

2006-01-01

191

Enacting Red Power: The Consummatory Function in Native American Protest Rhetoric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the American Indian Movement (AIM) with respect to (1) the role of tradition in AIM demands; (2) militant Indian rhetoric as a form of ritual self-address; (3) how Indian religious/cultural beliefs restrict the ability of language to persuade Whites; and (4) how militant Indian rhetoric fulfills its function. (PD)

Lake, Randall A.

1983-01-01

192

The Power of Peers: Influences on Postsecondary Education Planning and Experiences of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation demonstrates the effect that peers have on students' academic engagement and educational aspirations. Forty-nine African American university students retrospectively discuss the manner by which their friends influenced their academic commitment and activity while in high school; their postsecondary education aspirations,…

Holland, Nicole E.

2011-01-01

193

Being a Korean Studying Koreans in an American School: Reflections on Culture, Power, and Ideology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent debates on situated knowledge highlight the issue of the researcher's position in the research process, challenging the traditional assumption of the insider/outsider dichotomy. Drawing on my fieldwork among Korean immigrant parents in an American school, I describe my shifting positions in negotiation and scrutinize the ways my reflexivity…

Lim, Minjung

2012-01-01

194

Historic American Engineering Record, Theodore Roosevelt Dam, power plant. Photographs, written historical and descriptive data. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Bureau of Reclamation has prepared this Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) to complete documentation responsibilities for recent Theodore Roosevelt Dam modifications. This report builds on HAER No. AZ-6, which detailed the design and construction history of the dam and its technological significance, and HAER No. AZ-4, which addresses the early development of power at Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Both of the previously mentioned documents establish the context and background for HAER No. AZ-6A. HAER No. AZ-6 was prepared for the Bureau of Reclamation in 1992 as partial cultural resources mitigation for major alterations to the dam, but was not intended to include a complete description of the facilities.

Pfaff, C.

1996-06-01

195

Verification of a Central American Peace Accord.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper discusses the background to, possible contexts of, and likely difficulties with an eventual Central American peace accord, particularly its verification. It begins with a brief analysis of the political, military and diplomatic background of the...

H. P. Klepak

1989-01-01

196

United States military strategy in the Persian Gulf. Study project  

SciTech Connect

The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic, and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security interests in the Persian Gulf region. This paper analyzes the United States military strategy designed to insure the US and its allies continued access to Persian Gulf oil and to suggest alternatives for possible improvement. Although the focus is on US military strategy in the Persian Gulf, it also covers others aspects of US national security policy and strategy. US military policy in the Persian Gulf is derived from a complex process that inextricably links the elements of national strategy with the elements of national power. Conclusions about US policy and strategy in the Persian Gulf that are properly focused and logical require an understanding of US interests and their priorities; US strategies and their feasibility; plus US capabilities and their limitations.

Whitehead, E.E.

1989-03-27

197

When More Power Makes Actors Worse off: Turning a Profit in the American Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We propose a theory which predicts that an increase in an actor's relative power reduces the actor's rewards in high mutual dependence dyads. Our argument is based on the premise that higher relative power gives the more powerful actor a greater share of surplus, but it also reduces dyadic exchange frequency, which lowers the expected magnitude of…

Piskorski, Mikolaj Jan; Casciaro, Tiziana

2006-01-01

198

When More Power Makes Actors Worse Off: Turning a Profit in the American Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a theory which predicts that an increase in an actor's relative power reduces the actor's rewards in high mutual dependence dyads. Our argument is based on the premise that higher relative power gives the more powerful actor a greater share of surplus, but it also reduces dyadic exchange frequency, which lowers the expected magnitude of that surplus. As

Tiziana. Casciaro

2006-01-01

199

The Potential for Enhancing the Power of Genetic Association Studies in African Americans through the Reuse of Existing Genotype Data  

PubMed Central

We consider the feasibility of reusing existing control data obtained in genetic association studies in order to reduce costs for new studies. We discuss controlling for the population differences between cases and controls that are implicit in studies utilizing external control data. We give theoretical calculations of the statistical power of a test due to Bourgain et al (Am J Human Genet 2003), applied to the problem of dealing with case-control differences in genetic ancestry related to population isolation or population admixture. Theoretical results show that there may exist bounds for the non-centrality parameter for a test of association that places limits on study power even if sample sizes can grow arbitrarily large. We apply this method to data from a multi-center, geographically-diverse, genome-wide association study of breast cancer in African-American women. Our analysis of these data shows that admixture proportions differ by center with the average fraction of European admixture ranging from approximately 20% for participants from study sites in the Eastern United States to 25% for participants from West Coast sites. However, these differences in average admixture fraction between sites are largely counterbalanced by considerable diversity in individual admixture proportion within each study site. Our results suggest that statistical correction for admixture differences is feasible for future studies of African-Americans, utilizing the existing controls from the African-American Breast Cancer study, even if case ascertainment for the future studies is not balanced over the same centers or regions that supplied the controls for the current study.

Chen, Gary K.; Millikan, Robert C.; John, Esther M.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Bernstein, Leslie; Zheng, Wei; Hu, Jennifer J.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Ziegler, Regina G.; Bandera, Elisa V.; Henderson, Brian E.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Stram, Daniel O.

2010-01-01

200

1. Photocopy of a photographca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of a photograph--ca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROELECTRIC PLANTS - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

201

Kentucky Military Treasures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Kentucky Veterans Trust Fund and the Kentucky Historical Society Foundation, the Kentucky Military Treasures site profiles the stories and experiences of veterans from the 18th century all the way up to the current day. The stories bring together artifacts, primary documents, and photographs to help enrich these unique stories. First-time visitors should peruse the timeline to get a sense of the ways in which Kentuckians have contributed to military conflicts large and small across the globe. In the "Signature Stories" area, visitors can learn about Richard M. Johnson of Beargrass, Kentucky. He was known for his leadership at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, and his story his told through four artifacts, including a powder horn and a cannon from the period. The "Curator's Corner" features an introduction from director of the Kentucky Historical Society, Kent Whitworth, and other comments on flags and weapons from curators at the Society. [KMG

202

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-05-01

203

Military objectives in Soviet foreign policy  

SciTech Connect

The Soviet Union's military developments and the size of its armed forces strongly influence Western assumptions about Soviet foreign policy. The author shows how the need to plan for the contingency of world war has shaped Soviet policy, resulting in a force structure often perceived as far in excess of legitimate defense needs. In this book the motivations underlying Soviet policy are investigated as thoroughly as the military posture is examined. According to the author, a doctrinal decision in late 1966 about the likely nature of a world war resulted in a basic change in Soviet strategic objectives. Corresponding changes occurred in operational concepts, the approach to arms control, and policy in the third world. The necessary restructuring of Soviet forces took place during the 1970s and 1980s. This book identifies the old and new hierarchies of strategic objectives, analyzes the implications of the shift, and deduces the Soviet operational plan for waging world war, should it prove inescapable. This plan explains the structure of Soviet strategic forces and their military posture in Euro-Atlantic, Asian-Pacific, and Indo-Arabian regions. Decisions taken in the 1967-68 and 1976-77 periods explain much of current Soviet policy. However, Soviet-American relations sharply deteriorated between 1978 and 1983. The author also considers the kind of decisions that the Soviets may have taken in recent years in response to these developments.

McGwire, M.

1987-01-01

204

"Everywhere the Soldier Will Be": Wartime Tobacco Promotion in the US Military  

PubMed Central

Deployment of young Americans in military engagements places them at increased risk for not only war hazards but also tobacco addiction and disease. Tobacco use diminishes troop health and readiness, and increases medical and training costs. Military tobacco control efforts began in 1986, yet tobacco use remains high. To determine whether and how the tobacco industry targets military personnel in wartime, we analyzed internal industry documents about the Gulf War (1990–1991) and constructed a historical case study. During this conflict, tobacco companies targeted troops with free cigarettes, direct advertising, branded items, ways to communicate with family, and “welcome home” events. Military authorities sometimes restricted this activity, but frequently enabled it; tobacco companies were regarded as benefactors. Considering tobacco use a benefit undermines military health priorities. Stronger policy is needed to reframe tobacco use as incompatible with military ideals.

Malone, Ruth E.

2009-01-01

205

American Journal of Physics Resource Letters - The Future of Nuclear Power  

SciTech Connect

This Resource Letter is intended to summarize the status of nuclear power in the world today, prospects of significant expansion of nuclear power over the next several decades, the planning of and forecasts for the addition of new power reactors, and issues surrounding the addition of these new reactors. Owing to the breadth of this subject, the list of references includes journal articles, web pages, and reports to guide the reader on the subject. The subject of nuclear power and its related issues are dynamic, so the most current information is likely to be found on reputable websites.

Parks, Cecil V [ORNL; Flanagan, George F [ORNL; Kulynych, George E [ORNL

2010-01-01

206

Solar technical assistance provided to Forest City military communities in Hawaii for incorporation of 20-30 MW of solar energy generation to power family housing for US Navy personnel.  

SciTech Connect

In May 2007, Forest City Military Communities won a US Department of Energy Solar America Showcase Award. As part of this award, executives and staff from Forest City Military Communities worked side-by-side with a DOE technical assistance team to overcome technical obstacles encountered by this large-scale real estate developer and manager. This paper describes the solar technical assistance that was provided and the key solar experiences acquired by Forest City Military Communities over an 18 month period.

Dominick, Jeff (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Merrigan, Tim (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Boudra, Will (Forest City Military Communities, Honolulu, HI); Miller, Ryan (CH2M Hill, Englewood, CO); Cisneros, Gabriela (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Rosenthal, Andrew L. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Gupta, Vipin P.

2010-06-01

207

American mass media and the myth of libertarianism: Toward an “elite power group”; theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents evidence of the demise of Libertarianism in the U.S. mass media system and proposes an “elite power group”; model as an alternative explanation of the workings of the mass media in the United States. In sharp contrast to the structural characteristics implied by the Libertarian model, the U.S. media industry is organized as an elite power group

Gary Wolf

1991-01-01

208

The effects of varying meteorological conditions on power production at a central North American wind farm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind energy is playing an increasing role around the world in providing power to electrical grids. It is important to both the provider and consumer of wind energy to maximize power generation yields. One way to improve these yields is to have a more complete understanding of meteorological conditions at wind farms. This study contains an analysis of farm yields

B. J. Vanderwende; J. K. Lundquist

2010-01-01

209

Aluminum-air batteries for military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors review the basic characteristics of aluminum-air batteries, describe some of the recent advances involving aluminum anodes and air cathodes, aluminum-air batteries and demonstrate certain potential military applications. They can be transported as lightweight, collapsible batteries and can be filled with water at the site of operation. The alkaline Al\\/air battery is advantageous when a high power is desired.

B. M. L. Rao; R. Cook; W. Kobasz; G. D. Deuchars

1992-01-01

210

Application of health technology in humanitarian response: U.S. Military deployed health technology summit--a summary.  

PubMed

Disasters are unpredictable, occurring without notice. They have a devastating effect and forever change the people they affect. We have witnessed the devastation from several significant events in 2010 and 2011, including the horrendous earthquakes in Haiti, Chili, New Zealand, and Japan. In the Japanese earthquake, a tsunami caused significant destruction to property and, of special concern, nuclear power plants along the Pacific Ocean, which will likely have a lasting impact worldwide. In a number of these events, the U.S. Military is often called upon to provide some level of support to help in the immediate aftermath. In early 2010, a massive earthquake struck the island nation of Haiti. In the days that followed, there was a significant influx of help from both military and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Although the response was not coordinated in any significant way, there was, nevertheless, wide application of various technologies as never before. Aside for the need to respond rapidly and efficiently, the U.S. Military is especially interested in how to utilize technology in a better way both internally and with NGOs. In the fall of 2010, the U.S. Army's Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center partnered with the American Telemedicine Association to bring together a group of experts from industry, government, and academia to assess the challenges and opportunities for applying technologies not only in combat missions but for humanitarian response as well. This article summarizes the "U.S. Military Deployed Health Technology Summit" held on September 29, 2010, in Baltimore, Maryland, highlighting significant points. It presents a balance of capabilities across a broad spectrum of technologies and will help the U.S. Military in defining a roadmap for research and development to strengthen its ability to respond in future disasters and humanitarian events. PMID:21718116

Doarn, Charles R; Barrigan, Cynthia R; Poropatich, Ronald K

2011-01-01

211

[Clinical military hospital in 1892].  

PubMed

The article is devoted to the circumstances of visit of Alexander III to Clinical hospital of Military-Medical Academy in 1892. It is detailed about the situation in hospital: direct care, instruction and economic aspects. Representations of imperial authority in Russia in XIX century with respect to military-medical institutions are characterized. "Episode 3Match 1892" is important for Military-Medical Academy because in that day the put on hold reconstruction got a crucial impulse. PMID:23808205

Poddubny?, M V

2013-02-01

212

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

213

Condom use negotiation in heterosexual African American adults: responses to types of social power-based strategies.  

PubMed

This study examined gender differences and preferences in the use of and response to six different styles of condom use negotiation with a hypothetical sexual partner of the opposite gender. Participants were 51 heterosexually active African American adults attending an inner-city community center. Participants completed a semistructured qualitative interview in which they were presented with six negotiation strategies based on Raven's 1992 Power/Interaction Model of Interpersonal Influence. Results showed that female participants responded best to referent, reward, and legitimate strategies, and worst to informational tactics. Male participants responded best to reward strategies, and worst to coercion to use condoms. Further, responses given by a subset of participants indicated that use of negotiation tactics involving coercion to use condoms may result in negative or angry reactions. Response to strategies may vary with the value of the relationship as viewed by the target of negotiation. Implications for HIV prevention efforts are discussed. PMID:18569536

Otto-Salaj, Laura; Reed, Barbara; Brondino, Michael J; Gore-Felton, Cheryl; Kelly, Jeffrey A; Stevenson, L Yvonne

2008-01-01

214

American Recovery & Reinvestment Act: Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Packs and Hydrogen Refueling for Lift Trucks  

SciTech Connect

HEB Grocery Company, Inc. (H-E-B) is a privately-held supermarket chain with 310 stores throughout Texas and northern Mexico. H-E-B converted 14 of its lift reach trucks to fuel cell power using Nuvera Fuel Cells’ PowerEdge™ units to verify the value proposition and environmental benefits associated with the technology. Issues associated with the increasing power requirements of the distribution center operation, along with high ambient temperature in the summer and other operating conditions (such as air quality and floor surface condition), surfaced opportunities for improving Nuvera’s PowerEdge fuel cell system design in high-throughput forklift environments. The project included on-site generation of hydrogen from a steam methane reformer, called PowerTap™ manufactured by Nuvera. The hydrogen was generated, compressed and stored in equipment located outside H-E-B’s facility, and provided to the forklifts by hydrogen dispensers located in high forklift traffic areas. The PowerEdge fuel cell units logged over 25,300 operating hours over the course of the two-year project period. The PowerTap hydrogen generator produced more than 11,100 kg of hydrogen over the same period. Hydrogen availability at the pump was 99.9%. H-E-B management has determined that fuel cell forklifts help alleviate several issues in its distribution centers, including truck operator downtime associated with battery changing, truck and battery maintenance costs, and reduction of grid electricity usage. Data collected from this initial installation demonstrated a 10% productivity improvement, which enabled H-E-B to make economic decisions on expanding the fleet of PowerEdge and PowerTap units in the fleet, which it plans to undertake upon successful demonstration of the new PowerEdge reach truck product. H-E-B has also expressed interst in other uses of hydrogen produced on site in the future, such as for APUs used in tractor trailers and refrigerated transport trucks in its fleet.

Block, Gus

2011-07-31

215

The effects of varying meteorological conditions on power production at a central North American wind farm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind energy is playing an increasing role around the world in providing power to electrical grids. It is important to both the provider and consumer of wind energy to maximize power generation yields. One way to improve these yields is to have a more complete understanding of meteorological conditions at wind farms. This study contains an analysis of farm yields compared to atmospheric conditions in order to quantify the effect that atmospheric stability can have on power generation from wind. For three months, meteorological data were recorded by ten stations as well as a radar wind profiler at a wind farm in the Plains of Central North America. From these data, two measures of atmospheric characteristics are calculated: the bulk Richardson number and a power law exponent (?) for wind variation with height. Stable, neutral, and convective stability classes are defined, and power curves are generated based on these chosen classes. At this farm, convective conditions provide better yields for low wind speeds below 8m/s, while neutral and stable conditions provide better yields above that threshold. Cases in which low yields were found correlate well with ?: higher values, and thus higher shear, lead to lower power generation. This correlation is the opposite from those seen in a West Coast North America wind farm (Wharton and Lundquist, 2010). We surmise that the Plains site is influenced by nocturnal Low Level Jets which induce elevated levels of turbulence and could decrease power performance at the wind farm. An investigation of wind profiles with height at the site confirmed the presence of these jets during many of the times featuring low yields.

Vanderwende, B. J.; Lundquist, J. K.

2010-12-01

216

Recruits' Military Preferences and Their Accommodation by the Military Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research report provides information on recruits' military occupational preferences, match of military assignments to recruits' preferences, and changes that occur in these preferences between service entry and completion of basic training. Questionnaires were administered to recruits from four services just before classification interviewing…

Hoehn, Arthur J.; And Others

217

Military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle

2011-12-01

218

Factors influencing dental utilization by U.S. military recruits.  

PubMed

This study identifies factors that influence dental utilization by U.S. military recruits prior to entering military service. Data were collected between February and June 1994 at one recruit in-processing site per service using self-administered questionnaires. A prestratified, systematic, random sample of 2,711 Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine recruits was drawn. Women and minorities were oversampled. Using logistic regression to determine what factors contribute to the likelihood of recruits having seen a dentist over the past year reveals that the likelihood is greater for females, singles, Air Force personnel, Native Americans, and the better educated; the likelihood is less for recruits who are black, above 19 years old, from the Midwest, Southwest, or Pacific regions of the U.S., and who perceive a need for dental care. Education is the strongest predictor of dental utilization prior to entering military service. PMID:8990833

Chisick, M C; Poindexter, F R; York, A K

1996-12-01

219

Occupational Role of Women in Military Service: Validation of Occupation and Prevalence of Exposures in the Millennium Cohort Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To better understand the US military's global peacekeeping and combat operations, which may expose a growing population of American service women to challenging occupations and environments. Concordance between self- reported and electronic occupation cod...

B. Smith I. G. Jacobson M. A. Ryan T. C. Smith T. I. Hooper

2007-01-01

220

Hybrid wind\\/PV\\/diesel hybrid power systems modeling and South American applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an applications case study and comparison of performance results between two computational models for simulating the performance of hybrid power systems. The first model, HYBRID2, was developed at the University of Massachusetts under National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) sponsorship. The second model, SOMES, was developed at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. Both models have been designed to

C. L. Warner

1996-01-01

221

Transforming American Education: Learning Powered by Technology. National Educational Technology Plan, 2010. Draft  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Educational Technology Plan (NETP) presents a model of 21st century learning powered by technology, with goals and recommendations in five essential areas: learning, assessment, teaching, infrastructure, and productivity. The plan also identifies far-reaching "grand challenge problems" that should be funded and coordinated at a…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

222

75 FR 32171 - American Electric Power Service Corporation's Mountaineer Commercial Scale Carbon Capture and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...from a 235-MWe flue gas slip stream from the Mountaineer Plant... from a 20 MWe flue gas slip stream, and injects the captured CO...east by the Ohio River, to the south by AEP's Phillip Sporn Power...The concentrated CO 2 stream would be cooled and...

2010-06-07

223

Engineering geosciences and military operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The earliest recorded use of geology for the terrain assessment of the battlefield occurred at Katzback in 1813 and contributed to the defeat of Napoleon's Army. Ever since, most major military operations have utilized geologic counsel to evaluate the terrain and features or execute battle actions. The value of geologic insight was recognized in books on the military applications of

George A. Kiersch

1998-01-01

224

INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS TO MILITARY PERSONNEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial chemical health threat to the US military is growing. The increasing threat is due both to the more frequent use of industrial chemicals and infrastructure as weapons of war and opportunity, and to recent military operations in urban and industrial environments where accidents or terrorism may cause large-scale chemical releases. Using traditional single-scenario modeling techniques, it is difficult

D. P. Bacon; R. M. Garrett; P. L. Liotta; D. E. Mays; T. E. Miller

2005-01-01

225

Tecumseh. The Story of an American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tecumseh, famed for his skills as an orator, warrior, military strategist, and leader of his Shawnee people, has been called one of the great American leaders. In 1812 he assembled 3,000 warriors from 32 American Indian tribes in an effort to save the Indian lands from the onslaught of the white soldiers and settlers. It was the largest Indian…

Schraff, Anne

226

American Acts of Force: Results and Misperceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines and evaluates the apparent results of 12 prominent examples of American acts of force ranging from its entry into World War I to North American Treaty Organization’s (NATO) massive air strike that ended the war in Bosnia. The values in terms of which I judge them are military success (to the extent that it promotes other values),

Ralph K. White

1998-01-01

227

Production of Liquid Synthetic Fuels from Carbon, Water and Nuclear Power on Ships and at Shore Bases for Military and Potential Commercial Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is demonstrable that synthetic fuels (jet\\/diesel\\/gasoline â (CHâ){sub n}) can be produced from carbon, water, and nuclear energy. What remains to be shown is that all system processes are scalable, integrable, and economical. Sources of carbon include but are not limited to COâ from the atmosphere or seawater, COâ from fossil-fired power plants, and elemental carbon from coal or

S. Locke Bogart; Ken Schultz; Lloyd Brown; Ben Russ

2006-01-01

228

Soft power as the new norm: How the Chinese-Russian strategic partnership (soft) balances American hegemony in an era of unipolarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how great powers not allied with the United States formulate their grand strategies in a unipolar international system. Specifically, it analyzes the strategies China and Russia have developed to deal with U.S. hegemony by examining how Moscow and Beijing have responded to American intervention in Central Asia. The study argues that China and Russia have adopted a

Chaka Ferguson

2011-01-01

229

Soft Power as the New Norm: How the Chinese-Russian Strategic Partnership (Soft) Balances American Hegemony in an Era of Unipolarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how great powers not allied with the United States formulate their grand strategies in a unipolar international system. Specifically, it analyzes the strategies China and Russia have developed to deal with U.S. hegemony by examining how Moscow and Beijing have responded to American intervention in Central Asia. The study argues that China and Russia have adopted a

Chaka Ferguson

2011-01-01

230

Japanese power electronics inverter technology and its impact on the American air conditioning industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1983, technological advances and market growth of inverter-driven variable-speed heat pumps in Japan have been dramatic. The high level of market penetration was promoted by a combination of political, economic, and trade policies in Japan. A unique environment was created in which the leading domestic industries, microprocessor manufacturing, compressors for air conditioning and refrigerators, and power electronic devices, were able to direct the development and market success of inverter-driven heat pumps. As a result, leading U.S. variable-speed heat pump manufacturers should expect a challenge from the Japanese producers of power devices and microprocessors. Because of the vertically-integrated production structure in Japan, in contrast to the out-sourcing culture of the United States, price competition at the component level (such as inverters, sensors, and controls) may impact the structure of the industry more severely than final product sales.

Ushimaru, Kenji

1990-08-01

231

Mass Communications and American Empire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mass communications are a chief tool in maintaining and expanding American influence abroad. Various government officials recognize this and have made statements which make it explicit national policy. The domestic communications complex is a vital part of the military-industrial complex and is used to further its interests, both in defense of…

Schiller, Herbert I.

232

Analysis of HF signal power observations on two North American circuits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observations of HF signal powers on two circuits in North America have been compared with the values predicted by two HF propagation programs, Voice of America Coverage Analysis Program (VOACAP) and Advanced Stand Alone Prediction System (ASAPS). Neither program consistently provided the more reliable predicted signal powers. For the longer circuit considered (2820 km WWV Fort Collins to Hanscom Air Force Base), ASAPS was found to be the more accurate program for the lower frequencies (at night), while VOACAP was the more accurate for the higher frequencies (during the day). The RMS errors ranged from a few decibels to 15 dB. For daytime 7.335 MHz propagation on the 490 km CHU Ottawa to Hanscom Air Force Base circuit, the VOACAP RMS errors (˜4 dB) were less than the ASAPS RMS errors (˜8 dB). The errors for the two programs were very similar for 3.330 MHz propagation, peaking at ˜9 dB just after sunrise and just before sunset and ˜3 dB during the night.

McNamara, Leo F.; Barton, Richard J.; Bullett, Terence W.

2006-10-01

233

Naval Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All too often, the terms naval power and sea power are used interchangeably. But naval power, properly understood, refers to a direct and indirect source of military power at sea. Obviously, the main components of a naval power are the navy, coast guard, ...

M. N. Vego

2008-01-01

234

Space systems and the military geography of future regional conflicts. CNSS [Center for National Security Studies] report No. 14  

SciTech Connect

The application of space systems to military operations as seen in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm will surely transform regional security environments around the world and rewrite the military geography of conflicts, alliances, and industrial strategies. The first part of this report outlines the significance of space systems for contemporary military operations, as seen recently in the operations against Iraq; the second parts describes the likely response of other actors and regions; the third section discusses implications of these developments for the future military geography of regions important to American security; and the fourth highlights programmatic implications for future US capabilities. 34 refs.

Butterworth, R.L.

1992-01-01

235

Installation of the first Distributed Energy Storage System (DESS) at American Electric Power (AEP).  

SciTech Connect

AEP studied the direct and indirect benefits, strengths, and weaknesses of distributed energy storage systems (DESS) and chose to transform its entire utility grid into a system that achieves optimal integration of both central and distributed energy assets. To that end, AEP installed the first NAS battery-based, energy storage system in North America. After one year of operation and testing, AEP has concluded that, although the initial costs of DESS are greater than conventional power solutions, the net benefits justify the AEP decision to create a grid of DESS with intelligent monitoring, communications, and control, in order to enable the utility grid of the future. This report details the site selection, construction, benefits and lessons learned of the first installation, at Chemical Station in North Charleston, WV.

Nourai, Ali (American Electric Power Company, Columbus, OH)

2007-06-01

236

Comments on a military transatmospheric aerospace plane  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conceptual design of a military transatmospheric aerospace plane candidate involves the selection of the mission(s), operating environment, operational concept, payload definition, specific design choices, and a close look at the technology base. A broad range of missions and concepts were reviewed prior to the selection of the mission and concepts presented in this paper. The mission selected was CONUS based global strike. The flight profile selected was a boost-glide-skip unrefuled global range trajectory. Two concepts were selected. The first was a rocket-powered design and the second was a combined air-breathing and rocket powered design. The rocket-powered configuration is a high lift-to-drag ratio modified lifting body. The rocket engine is an advanced dual fuel linear aero-spike. The air-breathing powered configuration is a modified waverider configuration. The engine for the air-breather is a rocket based combined cycle engine. Performance and technology readiness comparisons are presented for the two concepts. The paper closes with a discussion of lessons learned about military transatmospheric aerospace planes over the past twenty years.

Chase, R. L.

1997-01-01

237

Military applications for heterostructure microelectronics technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Military systems, whether radar, communications, electronic warfare (EW) or smart munitions, require superior device and IC performance. The performance advantages of heterostructure devices over standard Si CMOS, Si bipolar transistors or GaAs MESFETs has motivated major aerospace firms in the United States to develop Si, GaAs and InP-based heterojunction bipolar (HBT) and high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) technologies. In response to advanced system performance requirements, technology efforts are being pushed toward devices which can yield {T}/{R} modules with octave bandwidths, noise figures under 3 dB, output power of 20 W and power greater than 30%. Device technology development for satellite communications is being driven in part by the need for ultra low noise high output power with high power added efficiency with high MMTF. For these systems as well as EW applications, designers want to digitize the signal as close to the front end as possible. This is driving the development of a 100 GHz IC technology for A/D converters, synthesizers, MUX/DEMUXs, DDSs. and PRNs. Requirements for A/D converters with 16 bits @ 100-200 MHz up to 8-10 bits @ 10 GHz are appearing for advanced radars and EW systems. The military system requirements continue to drive the development of the newer, better and higher performance heterostructure device technologies.

Greiling, Paul; Kirkpatrick, Conilee; Valentine, Gary

1995-09-01

238

Solar technical assistance provided to Forest City military communities in Hawaii for incorporation of 20-30 MW of solar energy generation to power family housing for US Navy personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

In May 2007, Forest City Military Communities won a US Department of Energy Solar America Showcase Award. As part of this award, executives and staff from Forest City Military Communities worked side-by-side with a DOE technical assistance team to overcome technical obstacles encountered by this large-scale real estate developer and manager. This paper describes the solar technical assistance that was

Jeff Dominick; Tim Merrigan; Will Boudra; Ryan Miller; Gabriela Cisneros; Andrew L. Rosenthal; Scott S. Kuszmaul; Vipin P. Gupta

2010-01-01

239

Continued growth for military PAs.  

PubMed

The US military physician assistant (PA) originated from the corpsmen and medics of the army, navy, air force, and Coast Guard. PAs have been present in every military campaign since 1980 and serve in a wide variety of medical roles. Their combat role has expanded so that in many instances the PA has replaced the physician as the front-line care provider. All have moved from warrant officer into the commissioned officer ranks, a change that has enabled them to rise into command and administrative positions. Narrowing of the pay differential between military and civilian PAs has contributed to their retention. PMID:12434494

Salyer, Steven W

2002-10-01

240

Civilian and military genetics: nondiscrimination policy in a post-GINA world.  

PubMed

Evidence is emerging of a growing societal consensus about appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic information. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 provides new legal protections to Americans by prohibiting the discriminatory use of genetic information by health insurers and employers. Additionally, the United States military recently created new policies for fair use of genetic information in the determination of benefits for servicemen and servicewomen leaving military service. Although critical issues remain, such as the potential for genetic information to be used to deny people other forms of insurance, and how the military will use genetic medicine overall, significant progress has been made. PMID:18940308

Baruch, Susannah; Hudson, Kathy

2008-10-01

241

Civilian and Military Genetics: Nondiscrimination Policy in a Post-GINA World  

PubMed Central

Evidence is emerging of a growing societal consensus about appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic information. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 provides new legal protections to Americans by prohibiting the discriminatory use of genetic information by health insurers and employers. Additionally, the United States military recently created new policies for fair use of genetic information in the determination of benefits for servicemen and servicewomen leaving military service. Although critical issues remain, such as the potential for genetic information to be used to deny people other forms of insurance, and how the military will use genetic medicine overall, significant progress has been made.

Baruch, Susannah; Hudson, Kathy

2008-01-01

242

Postwar Radio Astronomy and the US Military  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The course of radio astronomy in the United States during the period 1945-60 was greatly influenced by the funding and requirements of the US military. The scientific researchers and their military patrons continued the intimate relationship that had been so successful for the development of radar and communications during World War II. The result was a very high level of funding that led to large-scale projects, a concentration on the microwave portion of the radio spectrum, and primary interest in the sun, moon, and planets. These effects, however, ironically significantly contributed to the lag in US radio astronomy relative to that in Australia and England. Unlike the American approach, the strategy of the groups in Sydney, Cambridge and Jodrell Bank, reasoned that the most fruitful way to approach the radio sky at the time was with relatively simple equipment (largely revamped war surplus) operating at the lower frequencies. Other factors, such as the strength of optical astronomy in the US, also played important roles. By the mid-1960s, the microwave expertise that had been developed in the US finally paid off such that US radio astronomy was at last able to assume a position of more parity. Some similarities in the development of postwar Soviet radio astronomy will also be discussed.

Sullivan, W. T., III

1993-12-01

243

Aerobic power, huddling and the efficiency of torpor in the South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides  

PubMed Central

Summary During periods of cold, small endotherms depend on a continuous supply of food and energy to maintain euthermic body temperature (Tb), which can be challenging if food is limited. In these conditions, energy-saving strategies are critical to reduce the energetic requirements for survival. Mammals from temperate regions show a wide arrange of such strategies, including torpor and huddling. Here we provide a quantitative description of thermoregulatory capacities and energy-saving strategies in Dromiciops gliroides, a Microbiotherid marsupial inhabiting temperate rain forests. Unlike many mammals from temperate regions, preliminary studies have suggested that this species has low capacity for control and regulation of body temperature, but there is still an incomplete picture of its bioenergetics. In order to more fully understand the physiological capacities of this “living fossil”, we measured its scope of aerobic power and the interaction between huddling and torpor. Specifically, we evaluated: (1) the relation between basal (BMR) and maximum metabolic rate (MMR), and (2) the role of huddling on the characteristics of torpor at different temperatures. We found that BMR and MMR were above the expected values for marsupials and the factorial aerobic scope (from CO2) was 6.0±0.45 (using CO2) and 6.2±0.23 (using O2), an unusually low value for mammals. Also, repeatability of physiological variables was non-significant, as in previous studies, suggesting poor time-consistency of energy metabolism. Comparisons of energy expenditure and body temperature (using attached data-loggers) between grouped and isolated individuals showed that at 20°C both average resting metabolic rate and body temperature were higher in groups, essentially because animals remained non-torpid. At 10°C, however, all individuals became torpid and no differences were observed between grouped and isolated individuals. In summary, our study suggests that the main response of Dromiciops gliroides to low ambient temperature is reduced body temperature and torpor, irrespective of huddling. Low aerobic power and low time-consistency of most thermoregulatory traits of Dromiciops gliroides support the idea of poor thermoregulatory abilities in this species.

Franco, Marcela; Contreras, Carolina; Cortes, Pablo; Chappell, Mark A.; Soto-Gamboa, Mauricio; Nespolo, Roberto F.

2012-01-01

244

Comparing tobacco use among incoming recruits and military personnel on active duty in the United States  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To compare the tobacco use profile of recruits with that of military personnel on active duty to determine whether the military environment in some way induces service members to initiate tobacco use.?DESIGN AND SETTING—Cross-sectional survey of United States armed forces active duty and recruit personnel in 1994-95.?SUBJECTS—2711 military recruits and 4603 military personnel on active duty.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Comparative cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use prevalence between recruits and personnel on active duty controlling for age, sex, and race. Impact of demographic factors on the odds of smoking or using smokeless tobacco.?RESULTS—Increases in tobacco use in American military personnel occurred exclusively in men. The highest tobacco use resided with white men on active duty (43% cigarette smoking; 24% smokeless tobacco use) and represents a doubling of tobacco use seen among white male recruits. Among non-white men, tobacco use increased 2-4 times between recruits and personnel on active duty.?CONCLUSIONS—Efforts to reduce tobacco use by American military personnel on active duty should focus more on discouraging the initiation of tobacco use.???Keywords: tobacco use; military personnel; United States

Chisick, M.; Poindexter, F.; York, A.

1998-01-01

245

Von Steuben and the German Contribution to the American Revolution: A Selective Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Library of Congress selected bibliography highlights the efforts of Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, other German and German-American military leaders, and the Hessian auxiliary military forces in assisting the American colonies during the Revolutionary War. The booklet is divided into five parts. Part 1 provides historical information…

Krewson, Margrit B.

246

Questioning power structures and competitiveness in pedagogy insights from North American Indian and Philippine pedagogies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper begins with case studies of innovative approaches to the education of Aboriginal Canadian Peoples and Philippine Aboriginal Peoples. These illustrate that, in such situations, where more traditional approaches have little success, the power to design, implement and evaluate educational programs can beneficially be shared between teacher and learner. Learners co-operate with each other in deciding what they need to learn. They examine their own needs and issues and assess their learning in terms of their cultural, economic and community value systems. Leadership is shared with the teacher/facilitators and word, image, number, gesture and sound are all employed to acquire knowledge and to demonstrate what that knowledge means to the group. In this particular enterprise, popular theatre has a major role to play in democratizing the provision of education and in encouraging educational development in circumstances where other approaches have been ineffectual. In the latter part of the paper, a model of education implied by the case studies is constructed and examined to provide alternatives to the traditional views of epistemology, of ethics and of pedagogy based on a notion of democracy as a daily struggle.

Bramwell, Roberta; Foreman, Kathleen

1993-11-01

247

Production of Liquid Synthetic Fuels from Carbon, Water and Nuclear Power on Ships and at Shore Bases for Military and Potential Commercial Applications  

SciTech Connect

It is demonstrable that synthetic fuels (jet/diesel/gasoline {approx_equal} (CH{sub 2}){sub n}) can be produced from carbon, water, and nuclear energy. What remains to be shown is that all system processes are scalable, integrable, and economical. Sources of carbon include but are not limited to CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere or seawater, CO{sub 2} from fossil-fired power plants, and elemental carbon from coal or biomass. For mobile defense (Navy) applications, the ubiquitous atmosphere is our chosen carbon source. For larger-scale sites such as Naval Advance Bases, the atmosphere may still be the choice should other sources not be readily available. However, at many locations suitable for defense and, potentially, commercial syn-fuel production, far higher concentrations of carbon may be available. The rationale for this study was manifold: fuel system security from terrorism and possible oil embargoes; rising demand and, eventually, peaking supply of conventional petroleum; and escalating costs and prices of fuels. For these reasons, the initial parts of the study were directed at Syn-fuel production for mobile Naval platforms and shore sites such as Rokkasho, Japan (as an exemplar). Nuclear reactors would provide the energy for H{sub 2} from water-splitting, Membrane Gas Absorption (MGA) would extract CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere, the Reverse Water-Gas Reaction (RWGR) would convert the CO{sub 2} to CO, and the resultant H{sub 2} and CO feeds would be converted to (CH{sub 2})n by the Fischer-Tropsch reaction. Many of these processes exist at commercial scale. Some, particularly MGA and RWGR, have been demonstrated at the bench-scale, requiring up-scaling. Likewise, the demonstration of an integrated system at some scale is yet to be done. For ship-based production, it has been shown that the system should be viable and, under reasonable assumptions, both scalable and economical for defense fuels. For the assumptions in the study, fuel cost estimates range from {approx} $2.55 to $4.75 per gallon with a nominal cost of {approx} $3.65 per gallon. For large installations and advanced nuclear power and hydrogen production systems (high temperature reactors and thermo-chemical hydrogen production), then fuel production might be produced at near-commercial fuel prices. For the H2-MHR and plausible assumptions and estimates of CO{sub 2} extraction and fuel synthesis capital and operating costs, such fuels might have nominal and low production costs ranging from {approx} $2.40 to $1.70 per gallon, respectively, for a Public Sector Fixed Charge Rate of 5%. Next, it was shown that for CO{sub 2} provided from a fossil-fired power plant, a CO{sub 2} 'disposal' fee of $30/tonne and a Fixed Charge Rate of 10%, then syn-fuel might be produced at {approx} $3.00 and $2.45 (nominal cost values) and $1.90 and $1.85 (low cost values) per gallon by LWRs and H2-MHRs, respectively. Last, it was shown that nuclear-produced H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} could convert coal to liquid fuels at very low cost. For a Fixed Charge Rate of 10% and nominal plant costs, fuel costs ranged from {approx} $1.60 (LWR) per gallon to {approx} $1.30 (H2-MHR) for an assumed CO{sub 2} avoidance credit of $30/Tonne. Our studies have shown that the addition of nuclear-produced hydrogen and oxygen to the coal syn-fuel process can greatly reduce CO{sub 2} production and, for modest CO{sub 2} credit, can further reduce the cost of the syn-fuel. Capturing CO{sub 2} from stack gas or even the air will further reduce the amount of CO{sub 2} that must be dealt with. This last case is independent of the price of fossil fuels and liquid fuel production costs and prices will have been capped. Of possibly even greater importance, the carbon fuel cycle will have been closed, thus minimizing or eliminating concerns with Global Climate Change. (authors)

Locke Bogart, S. [7982 Chaucer Drive, Weeki Wachee, FL 34607 (United States); Schultz, Ken; Brown, Lloyd; Russ, Ben [General Atomics 3550 General Atomics Court, San Diego, CA 92121 (United States)

2006-07-01

248

Numerical modeling of complex military platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern military platforms are crucially dependent on electromagnetic (EM) systems. The electromagnetic interactions generalized (EIGER) code is a computational electromagnetic code capable of EM design evaluation of military platforms. The numerical modeling process and canonical validation are presented. Some modeling results of complex military platforms are presented. These military platforms include a predator UAV, HMMWV, Abrams tank, Arleigh Burke destroyer,

D. E. Hurdsman; W. M. Massey; J. H. Meloling; J. W. Rockway; G. J. Burke; N. J. Champagne; R. M. Sharpe

2003-01-01

249

Changing Families in a Changing Military System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, the military system has begun to feel the impact of the military family. Whenever sudden dramatic changes or transitions occur, crises may result either for the individual or for the institution. At present both the military system and the military family are in a period of rapid transition. Perhaps one of the most important changes that…

Hunter, Edna J., Ed.

250

Informed Question Paper - Polish Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Poland's military reform plan, embodied in the 'Technical Modernisation of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland 2001-2006,' includes significant changes to the structure of the Polish armed forces, armaments, infrastructure, operational procedures, ...

E. Kim-Mitchell

2002-01-01

251

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... among personnel who have been exposed to combat. Suicides and Substance Use Suicide rates in the military were traditionally lower than ... the same age range, but in 2004 the suicide rate in the U.S. Army began to climb, ...

252

Traction Modeling of Military Lubricants.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Traction behavior of military lubricants is investigated by examining both classical Newtonian and more recently postulated visco-elastic effects in the experimental traction data. An estimate of the relevant rheological parameters is derived by curve fit...

P. K. Gupta

1989-01-01

253

Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is it like to be a military spouse? It can present some rather unique challenges including underemployment. This 111-page report by researchers Nelson Lim and David Schulker on underemployment among military spouses was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the work was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute. The work examines the extent and causes of underemployment among military spouses, and it also looks at their "look-alikes", who in this case happen to be a group of similar civilian wives. Their research indicates that military wives are much more likely not to be in the labor force, and they are also more likely to have relatively high levels of education for their jobs when compared to their civilian counterparts. Visitors will want to read over all seven chapters of the report, and they can also consult the indices, graphs, and helpful charts.

254

Military Examples of Coastal Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coastal engineering is required for military ports and harbors and across-the-beach amphibious operations. Examples are given for operations during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Conflict, one very large (Normandy, France), and some small. ...

R. L. Wiegel

1999-01-01

255

Military fathers' perspectives on involvement.  

PubMed

Military fathers endure repeated separations from their children. In this qualitative study we describe military fathers' range of involvement with their children, paying special attention to the implications of deployment separation and reintegration. We discuss father involvement using three overlapping major domains of functioning: cognitive, affective, and behavioral. Additionally, we consider how types of father involvement differ vis-à-vis child age. Data were gathered via focus groups conducted with 71 fathers at 14 U.S. military installations. Descriptions of involvement were rich and varied. Involvement with children was a major concern for fathers, despite or perhaps because of the challenges of military careers. We discuss factors that help explain variations in involvement and offer insights about the conceptualization of father involvement for occupations requiring prolonged absences from home. PMID:21707173

Willerton, Elaine; Schwarz, Rona L; Wadsworth, Shelley M Macdermid; Oglesby, Mary Schultheis

2011-08-01

256

Military Engagement with Social Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military has a tremendous opportunity to strategically communicate with its members, allies, and even its enemies through a simple concept called 'social media.' There has never been a better opportunity for an organization to instantly communicate wi...

J. H. Lehman

2011-01-01

257

Military Wages War on Pollution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A military base is like a city, and must deal with many of the same environmental, social and economic problems. Just like civilian communities, Department of Defense facilities must live within the same environmental laws and regulations and must comply ...

R. A. Young

1983-01-01

258

Patriotism in American Overseas Schools: What Ought to Be Taught  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thousands of U.S. citizens live abroad in communities whose mission is to support the nation's military and diplomatic corps. Many members of these overseas communities are deployed for many months at a time in support of U.S. military missions, and many of those so deployed will be parents of students in American overseas schools. Under these…

Wiles, Dean

2006-01-01

259

Employee Warriors and the Future of the American Fighting Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rapid expansion of social democracy and technology, as well as changes in the social/political patterns of American society, has drawn the military closer to civilian society. One element of this dynamic relationship is the military's adoption of comm...

H. S. Vest

2002-01-01

260

Military Famine, Human Rights, and Child Hunger: A Cross-National Analysis, 1990-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussions of world hunger have focused on economic growth and international food aid, assuming that food supply is the critical issue. The authors show that food access rooted in social stratification and military power is the central problem. Synthesizing the entitlement and military famine approaches to hunger, the authors examine the effects…

Jenkins, J. Craig; Scanlan, Stephen J.; Peterson, Lindsey

2007-01-01

261

How China will use cyber warfare to leapfrog in military competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extract:The People’s Republic of China (PRC) may be a global power economically but its military lacks force projection beyond the Asia Pacific region. Its traditional military hardware is one to three generations behind the US and Russia. In light of these deficiencies it is probable that cyber warfare will provide China with an asymmetric advantage to deter aggression from stronger

Jason Fritz

2008-01-01

262

Skin disease in military personnel.  

PubMed

Skin disease, disease of the musculoskeletal system, and respiratory infections are the most frequent reasons for military personnel to seek medical care. The Oslo Military Clinic serves all of the military personnel in Oslo and the surrounding region, including officers and civilian employees. From September 1996 to May 1997, 1,360 patients were diagnosed and treated by the author, and the data are included in the following study. Upper respiratory disease was the primary reason for seeking medical attention in 26% of the patients, 21% visited the clinic because of disease or pain in the musculoskeletal system, and 16% suffered from a skin disease. Apart from the low number of female patients, the patient population and the disease spectrum observed in the military clinic are very similar to those in a general medical practice. Among the 222 patients suffering from a cutaneous disease, eczema (42 patients), allergy (excluding dermatitis) (34 patients), acne vulgaris (23 patients), and sexually transmitted diseases (28 patients) were the most prevalent processes. Other less prevalent skin diseases were fungal infections, herpes simplex infection, nevi, common warts, and superficial bacterial skin infections. Skin diseases seen in one patient only included erysipelas, herpes zoster, dermatitis herpetiformis, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Good clinical skills in dermatology are of paramount importance in military medicine, and if possible, the military should appoint a dermatologist to its medical team to rapidly diagnose and treat the large number of patients with skin disorders. PMID:10741081

Selvaag, E

2000-03-01

263

76 FR 25517 - Jewish American Heritage Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...creativity, and hearts to the greater good--contributing scientific accomplishments, pioneering works of literature and musical genius, and performing distinguished service in our Nation's military. Jewish Americans have defended our country...

2011-05-05

264

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

265

Information Operations: The Military's Role in Gaining Information Superiority.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The use of Information Operations (IO) as an integration process is paramount in today's information environment to achieve information superiority. If it is true that information is an element of national power, then IO is the U.S. military's contributio...

M. J. Dominique

2009-01-01

266

U.S.-Vietnam Military Relations: Game Theory Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, China has been flexing its military power and strengthening its claim to the resource-rich Spratly and Paracel Islands in the South China Sea. These islands are also being claimed by five other countries: Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines...

N. M. Kim

2012-01-01

267

Strategy: Korea's Military Cyber Security Issues and Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

with rapid development of science and technology and the evolution of information revolution, International security environment is being reshaped. Important factors that determine national security competence—military operations, intelligence information on advanced weapons and enemy forces, economic activities that form the poles of national power, government's major systems—are exposed to hostile cyber attacks or accidental intrusions. Therefore, protecting information systems has

Tae-hoi Huh; Sangho Lee; Woo-Young Chang

2007-01-01

268

Recent progress in MEMS technology development for military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent progress of ongoing efforts at the Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) to develop microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology for military applications is discussed in this paper. The current maturity level of low cost, low power, micro devices in industry, which range from simple temperature and pressure sensors to accelerometers in airbags, provides a viable foundation for the development

Paul B. Ruffin; Sherrie J. Burgett

2001-01-01

269

Financial Planning and Control for the Military Officer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this thesis is to provide the military officer with a single reference in personal financial planning and control. Pay, benefits, taxes, inflation, budgets, alternatives and various ideas to help the officer become more aware of the power o...

F. R. Hahndorf J. J. Riggio

1984-01-01

270

POWER SPACES: MILITARY ARCHITECTURE OF THE LATE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various kinds of domestic architecture existed during the late sixteenth century (best viewed in screens known as Rakuchu Rakugai zu ~1fJ~..)i.~ depicting the city of Kyoto). The most common (and the least studied) are the long shingle-roofed rowhouses of commoners, which fronted the streets and often doubled as shop space. In contrast, wealthy courtiers and warriors lived in spacious mansions

Melinda Takeuchi

271

FAST on operational military deployment  

PubMed Central

Background and objective: Handheld ultrasound, because of its light weight, size, rugged design, and relative simplicity of use is ideal for use on operational military deployment. These machines have been used in the diagnosis of a range of traumatic conditions including abdominal, thoracic, and extremity trauma in the hospital environment, yet few data exist on their use during military operations. This paper presents experience of handheld focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) on operational military deployment. Method: Over a two month period, handheld FAST was performed by a single surgeon during the circulation phase of the primary survey in trauma patients presenting to the British Military Hospital in Iraq. Results: Fifteen from casualties underwent a FAST examination. Ten were victims of blunt trauma, two had received injuries anti-personnel mines, and three had penetrating injuries from ballistic trauma. There was one positive FAST, confirmed at laparotomy as bleeding from a liver injury. Thirteen scans were negative and remained negative on repeat FAST at 6 hours. One further patient with a negative FAST underwent laparotomy because of transectory, there was no intra-abdominal blood or fluid at surgery. Conclusion: Handheld FAST is a valuable technique for investigating abdominal or thoracic bleeding in single or multiple casualty events on operational military deployment.

Brooks, A; Price, V; Simms, M

2005-01-01

272

Nonpetroleum mobility fuels and military-energy self-sufficiency  

SciTech Connect

Nonpetroleum hydrocarbon fuels will likely serve as transition fuels for a few decades after petroleum sources become scarce. But nonpetroleum hydrocarbon fuels are ultimately either nonrenewable (e.g., coal and oil shale synfuels) or are inefficient to produce. Nuclear sources (supplemented by solar, geothermal, etc., as available) for electric power generation and hydrogen production provide a combination that can be used for military energy needs including mobility fuels, namely liquid hydrogen. This approach can give the military energy self-sufficiency for stationary needs as well as ground vehicles, ships, and aircraft. System integration concepts are discussed, and concepts for a methodology to evaluate source-to-use pathways for different classes of military bases are outlined.

Freiwald, D.A.; Barattino, W.J.

1981-01-01

273

Military service and lung disease.  

PubMed

Military personnel can be exposed to toxicants and conditions that can contribute to lung diseases. This article describes what is known about these exposures and diseases, focusing on the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Adverse lung health outcomes have been reported in US military personnel deployed to Iraq and/or Afghanistan. Most studies to date have been hindered by limited deployment-specific exposure assessment, lack of baseline lung health information, and variable medical evaluations and case definitions. Further research is warranted. Medical surveillance has been recommended for returning troops, but the challenges are substantial. PMID:23153610

Rose, Cecile S

2012-12-01

274

Population growth, economic development and health care delivery as indicators of the Brazilian's quality of life during the period of military rule, 1964-1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military leadership led Brazil, the largest Latin American nation, for nearly two decades until free national elections were held in 1982. This authoritarian political period has been heralded as one of \\

Norman Paul Fenton

1990-01-01

275

Military Career Guide: Employment and Training Opportunities in the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This copiously illustrated guide is a single reference source for the diverse employment and training opportunities in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It is divided into two major sections. The first section contains descriptions of 134 enlisted military occupations and provides information regarding the aptitudes needed…

Military Entrance Processing Command (DOD), North Chicago, IL.

276

“Casualty Panic”: Military Recruitment Models, Civil-Military Gap and Their Implications for the Legitimacy of Military Loss  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the issue of what defines “Casualty Panic,” which in recent years has impacted upon military policy in liberal-democratic states. The author claims that the hesitation to enter into military engagements for fear of incurring casualties is a consequence of “moral panic” among the political and military leadership. This moral panic is engendered by elite groups who have

Udi Lebel

2010-01-01

277

Enhancing Mental Readiness in Military Personnel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we explore how the psychological literature on stress and coping might inform military training programs to enhance 'mental readiness' as a method to develop the baseline psychological resiliency of military personnel. Accordingly, mental re...

D. R. McCreary M. M. Thompson

2006-01-01

278

Optimal Military Transportation in a Korean Theater.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Due to their high dependency on highway transportation, Republic of Korea's (ROK's) military and industry suffer from congestion, shortfall of means (convoys in the military case), high cost and increase in environmental damage. Our research develops an o...

Y. Jeong

2006-01-01

279

Lighweight and Compostable Fiberboard for the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Novel lightweight fiberboard structures have been researched and developed to replace the existing military fiberboard containers with the ultimate goal to reduce the amount of solid waste for the military. The research effort utilized a three prong appro...

J. A. Ratto K. Dagnon N. D'Souza R. Farrell S. Sun

2012-01-01

280

Military Information Networks as Complex Adaptive Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New information technology now permits a vastly increased degree of connectivity in military communication networks. This more connected architecture should result in faster response times and greater efficiencies in military operations. A potential downs...

L. D. Miller

2001-01-01

281

Breaking Ranks: Dissent and the Military Professional.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There are circumstances under which a military officer is not only justified but also obligated to disobey a legal order. In supporting this assertion, I discuss where the tipping point lies between the military officer's customary obligation to obey and ...

A. R. Milburn

2010-01-01

282

Bulgaria and NATO's Military Intervention in Yugoslavia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines Bulgarian political and economic issues regarding NATO's military intervention in Yugoslavia in 1999. It studies: Bulgarian policy regarding Kosovo crisis; the domestic political attitudes and discussions over NATO's military interven...

D. I. Roussev

2000-01-01

283

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

284

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

285

Alcohol Use and Military Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An international comparison of armed forces personnel reveals that military use of alcohol exceeds civilian rates. In this perspective, air force personnel do not tend to consume as much alcohol as personnel from other armed services. From a 2006 survey o...

M. Meijer N. Verrall

2009-01-01

286

Cognitive Science and Military Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four new military training systems offer the opportunity for the application of cognitive science. They are the following: (1) a family of memorization games; (2) a simulator with a graphic, schematic student interface; (3) a system for solving problems of relative motion; and (4) a method of building cognitive skills for air-intercept control.…

Halff, Henry M.; And Others

1986-01-01

287

The Polaris Military Essentiality System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the major requirements for military systems has been the need for a measure of the relative importance of stocking one item rather than another. The present study develops one such system which has been implemented for the Polaris weapons system. C...

M. Denicoff J. Fennell S. E. Haber W. H. Marlow F. W. Segel

1964-01-01

288

The Polaris Military Essentiality System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the major requirements for military systems has been the need for a measure of the relative importance of stocking one item rather than another. The study develops one such system which has been implemented for the Polaris weapons system. Considera...

M. Denicoff J. Fennell S. E. Haber W. H. Marlow F. W. Segel

1964-01-01

289

Fall 1997 Russian Military Draft.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper will examine the Fall 1997 conscription effort by the Russian military and use it as a prism to highlight some of the current problems within the Russian armed forces. The Russian government continues to rely upon conscription to staff its mili...

R. C. Finch

1998-01-01

290

Soviet military strategy in space  

SciTech Connect

This book examines the Soviet military space effort from its infancy in the 1950s to the spy craft and anti-satellite systems of today. It describes in detail the Soviet equivalents of the U.S. Star Wars program and explains technical and political issues in laymen's terms. A full text of major arms control agreements completes the volume.

Johnson, N.L.

1987-01-01

291

The Caltech Political Military Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

Munger, E. S.; And Others

292

Automated Military Blood Typing System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this study was to implement an automated military blood typing system designed to reduce the extent of the manual tasks and at the same time enhance the accuracy and reliability of the blood typing process. The major features of the autom...

F. R. Camp J. A. Stein J. F. Lewis N. F. Conte V. R. Coley

1973-01-01

293

Fullfilling the Military Service Obligation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Directive reissues DoD Directive 1304.25, November 6, 1984, and implements sections 269, 511, and 651 of Title 10, United States Code by prescribing policy, procedures, and responsibilities with respect to fulfillment of the statutory military service...

J. Mowery

1986-01-01

294

Still training to torture? US training of military forces from Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely assumed that the School of the Americas (soa), a US training school for Latin American military forces, advocated repression during the Cold War. To demonstrate this, previous research has tended to focus on establishing correlations between training and specific human rights abuses by individuals trained at soa. A stronger case can be made through detailed analysis of

Ruth Blakeley

2006-01-01

295

Tying the Yellow Ribbon: How School Psychologists and Educators Can Support Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tying a yellow ribbon around the tree in one's front yard or placing a magnet on one's car is more than just a show of support. It is a promise to American military around the world that one is ready and able to support them in their time of need just as they have supported the country. Educators, including school psychologists, are especially…

Anweiler, Justin

2008-01-01

296

Distance Education for Corporate and Military Training. Readings in Distance Education, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, which consists of selected readings from volumes 1-5 of The American Journal of Distance Education, is designed for corporate and military trainers who want research-grounded materials that can be used in programs that train trainers. The 12 articles, whose authors come from the army, navy, and airforce, from universities and…

Moore, Michael G., Ed.

297

Non-Citizen in Today's Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the Revolutionary War U.S. legal permanent residents have been eligible to enlist in the military. Today, about 35,000 non-citizens serve in the military and about 8,000 enlist every year. As the military continues to face recruiting challenges, an ...

A. U. Hattiangadi A. O. Quester G. Lee D. S. Lien I. D. MacLeod

2005-01-01

298

Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography was compiled to show the changing roles of women in the military and ongoing concerns relating to their integration in the military. Most of what is included was published after 1996, continuing the selection...

2000-01-01

299

Suicide and the Military Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that U.S. military policies emphasize humanitarian approach to issue of suicide, yet military law may view suicidal behavior as deviant and may prosecute suicide attempters. Cites convictions of soldiers for attempted and assisted suicides. Reviews recent court decisions and suggests revisions in military law. (Author/NB)

Lande, Raymond G.

1992-01-01

300

Design and test of military cockpits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The IT revolution is dramatically affecting modern military cockpit design. Modern displays add multiple dimensions that contribute to being able to provide more information to the pilot. The abundance of information now available to the military pilot can easily overwhelm him. Whereas automating cockpit functions reduces the pilot workload, automation reduces the flexibility that the military pilot requires. Automation complicates

S. Bruce; C. Rice; R. Hepp

1998-01-01

301

GIS interoperability: current activities and military implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographic information systems (GIS) are gaining importance in military operations because of their capability to spatially and visually integrate various kinds of information. In an era of limited resources, geospatial data must be shared efficiently whenever possible. The military-initiated Global Geospatial Information and Services (GGI&S) Project aims at developing the infrastructure for GIS interoperability for the military. Current activities in

Sylvia Lam

1997-01-01

302

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...command of the Academy and the military post at West Point...mission of the United States Military Academy is to educate, train...shall have the character, leadership, and other attributes essential...include academic education and military training. In...

2010-07-01

303

Obesity and the US Military Family  

PubMed Central

Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family–several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations.

Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R.; Cohen, L. Adelyn; Mackey, Eleanor R.; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L.; McCreight, Sarah J.; Bryant, Edny J.; Stephens, Mark B.

2014-01-01

304

American Women Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many resources that detail the contributions of women in American history, but this particular site does so in an organized and intelligent fashion. Created by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University, the site is chronologically organized, and visitors can read through each area to learn about various online resources that deal with each historical era. The primary timeline covers the world of Native Americans all the way up to the year 2001. The site also has a "Other Timelines" section, which includes links to timelines that tell the stories of notable women in history and topical ones as well, such as those dealing with feminism, Jewish women, and women in the military.

Middleton, Ken, 1964-

305

The American Colonist's Library: A Treasury of Primary Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Richard Gardiner, a history instructor, the American Colonist's Library is a comprehensive webliography of primary source documents pertaining to early American history that are currently available online. Included in the list are links to historical sources that influenced American colonists, online collections of the work of major early American political leaders, the text of the Acts of Parliament concerning the American Colonies, numerous American Revolution military documents, and much more. The hundreds of documents in the webliography are grouped chronologically from 500 BC to 1800 AD. Many of the links to the online documents include a very brief gloss explaining the content or importance of the item.

306

An Integrated AC\\/DC SuperGrid System -A Mechanism to Solving the North American Power Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North American electrical grid which used to serve as a reference point for world electrical grid system has become riddled with uncertainties in its performance. This precarious situation is sequel to the series of unprecedented system failures which in many cases have resulted in total system collapse - blackouts. The climax of these ugly events was the infamous and

D. O. Dike; O. D. Momoh

2007-01-01

307

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

308

Anthropometry of the Latin-American Armed Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Army Tropic Test Center made anthropometric measurements of a sample of Latin-American military personnel in the Canal Zone from September, 1965 to September 1966. A total of 733 trainees were measured--600 airmen at the USAF Inter-American Air F...

D. A. Dobbins C. M. Kindick

1967-01-01

309

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

310

The Institutional Decimation of Black American Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1970, there were 85 Black men for every 100 Black women in major American cities. Factors which produced this imbalance in the sex ratio of Blacks include educational, health care, public assistance, and penal correction systems, labor market mechanisms, and the military. (Author/MC)

Stewart, James B.; Scott, Joseph W.

1978-01-01

311

Military vaccines in today's environment  

PubMed Central

The US military has a long and highly distinguished record of developing effective vaccines against pathogens that threaten the armed forces. Many of these vaccines have also been of significant benefit to civilian populations around the world. The current requirements for force protection include vaccines against endemic disease threats as well as against biological warfare or bioterrorism agents, to include novel or genetically engineered threats. The cost of vaccine development and the modern regulatory requirements for licensing vaccines have strained the ability of the program to maintain this broad mission. Without innovative vaccine technologies, streamlined regulatory strategies, and coordinating efforts for use in civilian populations where appropriate, the military vaccine development program is in jeopardy.

Schmaljohn, Connie S.; Smith, Leonard A.; Friedlander, Arthur M.

2012-01-01

312

American Power Conference, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Ill., April 24-26, 1978, Proceedings. Volume 40  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cogeneration plants for steam and electric production, solar power stations, open-cycle coal-fired MHD power plants, flue gas desulfurization, hydroelectric power, and mechanical energy storage systems are discussed. Topics of the papers include stabilization of flue gas desulfurization sludge, a 10-MWe solar power station, simple techniques for estimating the economic advantages of cogenerating facilities, a Lurgi-process coal gasification installation integrated with

B. Haigh

1978-01-01

313

Some observations on early military anaesthesia.  

PubMed

Although anaesthesia was discovered in 1846, pain relief had been used for many years previously. Opium, mandragora, and Indian hemp amongst others have been used since the earliest times as alluded to by many of the classical writers. The use of refrigeration anaesthesia is known to have been recommended a millennium ago although it never had much usage. Very soon after the introduction of ether anaesthesia, it was recommended for military use and the first use by the American forces was in Buena Vista early in 1847 and then again at Vera Cruz. Pirogoff taught and used ether anaesthesia on active service with the Russian forces in the Caucasus in the summer of 1847. Meanwhile Spencer Wells, who was serving with the Royal Navy in Malta, was the first British service medical officer recorded to have used anaesthesia. He went on to write up a series of 106 anaesthetics. The Danes were probably next to use anaesthesia in battle using chloroform in 1848. However, it was not until the Crimean War that anaesthesia began to play an important part in battle surgery with many anaesthetics being given with varying results. The War of the Rebellion was the next war in which anaesthesia was important and the first one in which proper statistics were kept allowing useful analysis. Anaesthesia had irrevocably found its place in battlefield surgery. PMID:16800222

Houghton, I T

2006-06-01

314

Anti-Americanism in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anti-Americanism in China has a history of more than a century; however, it is only part of a general ambivalence that is manifest in both pro- and anti-American images and behavior. This ambivalence is rooted in the differing value systems of Chinese and Americans, but it has also been stimulated by Sino-American interactions historically. With the seizure of power by

David L. Shambaugh

1988-01-01

315

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 PolicyâAmerican National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2013-07-01

316

[Analysis of the health of citizens of military age in Orenburg region].  

PubMed

Results of medical examination of citizens of military age living in the Orenburg region for a decade are given. Noted that over the study period in the region have been positive changes: performance fitness for military service on health increased from 62.9% in 2000 to 67.7% in 2009 and projected to the positive dynamics in 2020 also marked improvement in physical fitness and the citizens of military age, a significant reduction in the number of recruits with poor and low power. PMID:23156107

Kuz'min, S A

2012-09-01

317

Family issues associated with military deployment, family violence, and military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Today's military has a greater percentage of families and children in comparison with previous generations. There are many, and unique, demands on military families made by the ongoing conflicts, and military life can be stressful. The presence of an increasing number of stressors is associated with an increased likelihood of domestic violence in military families and sexual trauma in service members. In this article, literature and research are presented to provide an overview of military deployment and families, and the effect of deployment on families; this is followed by a review of research on family violence and military sexual trauma. PMID:22055902

Fraser, Cira

2011-12-01

318

Military training and personality trait development: does the military make the man, or does the man make the military?  

PubMed

Military experience is an important turning point in a person's life and, consequently, is associated with important life outcomes. Using a large longitudinal sample of German males, we examined whether personality traits played a role during this period. Results indicated that personality traits prospectively predicted the decision to enter the military. People lower in agreeableness, neuroticism, and openness to experience during high school were more likely to enter the military after graduation. In addition, military training was associated with changes in personality. Compared with a control group, military recruits had lower levels of agreeableness after training. These levels persisted 5 years after training, even after participants entered college or the labor market. This study is one of the first to identify life experiences associated with changes in personality traits. Moreover, our results suggest that military experiences may have a long-lasting influence on individual-level characteristics. PMID:22275337

Jackson, Joshua J; Thoemmes, Felix; Jonkmann, Kathrin; Lüdtke, Oliver; Trautwein, Ulrich

2012-03-01

319

Mexican Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexican Americans' rapid growth and com plexity compel awareness of this huge and often overlooked minority. Mexican Americans defy Census classification and color differentiation, departing sharply from the character istics of either European immigrants or black Americans. Such factors as settlement patterns, sharp discrimination and segregation, a historical lack of political opportunities, and depressed economic circumstances have made Mexican Americans

Harry P. Pachon; Joan W. Moore

1981-01-01

320

A liquid over-feeding military air conditioner  

SciTech Connect

A 3-ton military air conditioning unit has been experimentally studied for baseline and liquid over-feeding operation (LOF). The test results indicate that LOF outperforms the baseline case over a wide ambient temperature range in terms of cooling capacity, power consumption, and system coefficient of performance (COP). At 95 F test point, the COP improvement for LOF is 19.8% over that of the baseline case. However, optimal refrigerant charge is essential for LOF to work properly.

Mei, V.C.; Chen, F.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bolton, C. [Army CECOM Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Fort Belvoir, VA (United States)

1995-09-01

321

A review of ultra-short pulse lasers for military remote sensing and rangefinding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in ultra-short pulse laser technology have resulted in commercially available laser systems capable of generating high peak powers >1GW in tabletop systems. This opens the prospect of generating very wide spectral emissions with a combination of non-linear optical effects in photonic crystal fibres to produce supercontinuua in systems that are readily accessible to military applications. However, military remote sensing

Robert A. Lamb

2009-01-01

322

Military surgery: certification is long overdue.  

PubMed

Military surgery is a complex discipline that has progressed far beyond triage and the debridement of battle wounds. The evolution of modern warfare now demands that the combat surgeon be knowledgeable in military tactics, logistics, transport of personnel, trauma surgery, tropical medicine, public health, industrial medicine, and special weapons, as well as have a familiarity with the organizational structure and culture of the military services. This complexity qualifies military surgery as a subspecialty of surgery according to the criteria of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Accreditation of military surgery as a defined specialty should be sought because that recognition will produce better care for our troops, improve education of military medical personnel, and stimulate research. PMID:7783928

Pories, W J

1995-03-01

323

Suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for electrical power generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Guam, and American Samoa  

SciTech Connect

The procedures and findings of a study to assess the suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for base-load (firm) electricity generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), Guam and American Samoa are described. The general conclusion is that solar pond power plants (SPPPs) are viable both technically and economically for some applications, possibly including atolls. The most practical immediate application would be to small and intermediate power users such as villages and airports. It is recommended that (1) at least one small SPPP be built immediately on a dry land site such as for the main village on Peleliu, Palau, (considered in this report) or at other identified feasible sites, and (2) that a design study be conducted to adapt the technology to atoll sites. This study was carried out by first reviewing all available literature on solar ponds and the regions concerned. All the regions in question were visited. Several sites were selected for specific study and SPPP conceptual designs were developed for these sites. These sites are (1) North Peleliu, Palau, with (2) Peleliu airport as an auxiliary site, (3) Aimeliik, Palau, and (4) atoll environments. Cultural, political, environmental and legal considerations were given equal weight with technical and economic factors, and locally resident persons were used as interpreters and liaisons. There exists strong support in the government and the community to develop these proposed site-specific SPPPs and land is available. Power needs were defined, construction and operation costs were calculated and performance was predicted for the site-specific designs. The results of the Palau site-specific studies were generalized to other areas and environments in the TTPI, Guam and American Samoa. An economic analysis of the SPPP conceptual design developed for Palau was made using the discounted cash flow method.

McCord, T.B.; Bathen, K.H.; Boesgaard, H.; Fanale, F.P.; McCord, C.S.; Scudder, R.J.; Weeks, D.D.; Yuen, J.W.L.

1982-11-01

324

Research on 6R Military Logistics Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

325

15TH Conference on Military Medicine, 'A Challenge to Readiness: Maintaining Currency in Military Education'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USHUS) is proud to offer this report of the 5th Conference on Military Medicine, 'A challenge to Readiness: Maintaining Currency in Military Medical Education.' These Proceedings serve as a record ...

C. C. Cloonan J. Palma

2002-01-01

326

Military exceptionalism or tobacco exceptionalism: how civilian health leaders' beliefs may impede military tobacco control efforts.  

PubMed

Smoking impairs the readiness and performance of military personnel, yet congressional opposition has thwarted military tobacco control initiatives. Involvement of civilian organizations might alter this political dynamic. We interviewed 13 leaders of national civilian public health and tobacco control organizations to explore their perspectives on military tobacco control, inductively analyzing data for themes. Leaders believed that military tobacco use was problematic but lacked specific knowledge. Most supported smoke-free policies and prohibiting smoking in uniform; however, they opposed banning tobacco use, arguing that it would violate smokers' rights. Most leaders inappropriately applied civilian models of policy development to the military context. A tobacco-free military is unlikely to be achieved without military-civilian partnerships that include educating civilian health leaders about military policy development and implementation. PMID:23409898

Smith, Elizabeth A; Malone, Ruth E

2013-04-01

327

76 FR 68609 - Military Family Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Military Family Month, 2011 Proclamation 8744--National Adoption Month, 2011 Proclamation 8745--National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, 2011 Proclamation 8746--National Diabetes Month, 2011 Proclamation...

2011-11-04

328

Correlates of life satisfaction among military wives.  

PubMed

Military life includes constant change. This study explored the relationship of life satisfaction among military wives with the individual attitudinal and personality variables of perceived social support, locus of control, and temperament. Sixty wives of noncommissioned military personnel were selected as participants. Life satisfaction was found to be related to high levels of perceived social support from family and from friends, to an internal locus of control, and to low levels of emotionality-stress and emotionality-fear. The results supported the role of individual resources for mediating adjustment and enhancing life satisfaction during the changes inherent in military life. Implications for identifying and helping high-risk women emerged. PMID:2585351

Klein, H A; Tatone, C L; Lindsay, N B

1989-09-01

329

Military applications evolution and future. [meteorological satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program is described with particular emphasis on the military applications of METSAT data. Satellite operational support, data processing and image quality requirements are discussed.

Kaehn, A. J., Jr.

1982-01-01

330

Touchscreen displays for military cockpits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To be successful, the implementation and mechanization of an infrared (IR) touchscreen display for military cockpit applications requires close attention to all aspects of integration, optics, display format design and system processing hardware and software. The F/A-18E/F program has incorporated a monochrome AMLCD touchscreen display into the cockpit to replace the mechanical pushbutton control panel. The new display provides the pilot with the versatility of a much more capable control panel and a new video display surface. This paper addresses the design considerations starting from concept development through integration and flight test, and finally to successful deployment of the Up- Front Control Display (UFCD) into production aircraft.

Hoener, Steven J.; Hardy, Gregory J.

1999-08-01

331

Challenges in military remote sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many of the more challenging goals set for future defence systems require a paradigm shift in remote sensing technology. Some of these arise because of changes in the nature of conflict, whilst others are due to the increased emphasis in the use of unmanned platforms, especially in relation to the provision of persistent surveillance. Sensors are required to span the entire electromagnetic spectrum and the UK's Electro-Magnetic Remote Sensing Defence Technology Centre (EMRS DTC) is concerned with research in all relevant areas aimed at developing new military capabilities. This paper explains how the EMRS DTC is meeting many of these requirements, using examples derived from its own programme

Lewis, Keith

2007-10-01

332

American National Standard: application criteria for programmable digital computer systems in safety systems of nuclear power generating stations  

SciTech Connect

This standard establishes application criteria for programmable digital computer systems used in safety systems for nuclear power generating stations by expanding the quality and equipment qualification requirements of IEEE Std 603-1980, Standard Criteria for Safety Systems for Nuclear Power Generating Stations, to encompass software design, software implementation, and computer system validation. The interrelationships among the various processes in the application of programmable digital computer systems in safety systems for nuclear power generating stations are illustrated. This standard does not consider site installation, site testing, or maintenance of the computer system.

Not Available

1982-01-01

333

Arms and the University: Military Presence and the Civic Education of Non-Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alienation between the U.S. military and society has grown in recent decades. Such alienation is unhealthy, as it threatens both sufficient civilian control of the military and the long-standing ideal of the "citizen soldier." Nowhere is this issue more predominant than at many major universities, which began turning their backs on the military…

Downs, Donald Alexander; Murtazashvili, Ilia

2012-01-01

334

American Association of Engineering Societies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1980, the American Association of Engineering Societies (AAES) convened for the first time, hoping to become the voice of the engineering profession in the United States. Today, the primary goal of AAES is to advance the knowledge, understanding, and practice of engineering. On the website, visitors can make their way through six primary sections, including News, Meetings/Events, Publications, and Resources. This last area is a great place to start, as it contains instructional and professional videos from different related groups, including the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Society of American Military Engineering. The Working Groups/Committees area includes information on how different affinity groups (such as the K-12 Working Group) are assisting in advancing the cause of the engineering disciplines. The site is rounded out by the News area, which includes updates about the Association's latest partnerships and outreach efforts.

335

Handling Qualities Specifications for U.S. Military Helicopters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Inadequacies in the military specification for helicopter handling qualities, MIL-H-8501A, have long been recognized, and the latest procurements by the U.S. Army used special Prime Item Development Specifications (PIDS). This paper assesses the efficacy of these PIDS and suggests that changes should be made. In particular, the structure developed in MIL-F-8785B (ASG) (the specification for flying qualities of piloted airplanes) should be incorporated. Improved requirements must be based on a systematic data base and concentrated on topics most important in preliminary design: static and dynamic stability, control power and sensitivity, and interaction with controllers and displays. Emphasis should be on current military helicopter missions and helicopter idiosyncrasies such as cross-coupling, nonlinearities, and higher-order dynamics.

Key, David L.

1982-01-01

336

Multigigabit optical transceivers for high-data rate military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Avionics has experienced an ever increasing demand for processing power and communication bandwidth. Currently deployed avionics systems require gigabit communication using opto-electronic transceivers connected with parallel optical fiber. Ultra Communications has developed a series of transceiver solutions combining ASIC technology with flip-chip bonding and advanced opto-mechanical molded optics. Ultra Communications custom high speed ASIC chips are developed using an SoS (silicon on sapphire) process. These circuits are flip chip bonded with sources (VCSEL arrays) and detectors (PIN diodes) to create an Opto-Electronic Integrated Circuit (OEIC). These have been combined with micro-optics assemblies to create transceivers with interfaces to standard fiber array (MT) cabling technology. We present an overview of the demands for transceivers in military applications and how new generation transceivers leverage both previous generation military optical transceivers as well as commercial high performance computing optical transceivers.

Catanzaro, Brian E.; Kuznia, Charlie

2012-02-01

337

Permissible Exposure Levels for Selected Military Fuel Vapors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Executive Summary; Introduction; Physical and Chemical Properties of Military Fuels; Toxicokinetics of Military Fuels; Fuel Exposures, Toxicity Testing, and Air Monitoring in Naval Operations; Effects of Military Fuel Vapors on the Kidney; Effec...

1996-01-01

338

Adult Attitudes Toward the Military: Poll Three.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of the third adult poll in a series that looked at images of occupations, advice given to youth about options after high school, favorability of the military and knowledge of the military. The audience profiled in this sur...

A. K. Wang, J. A. Hoskins, M. E. Strackbein, A. R. Lancaster, B. J. George

2002-01-01

339

Military Training: Potential Roles for Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines potential roles vocational education could play to assist the military in meeting its training responsibilities within the context of three major military and training issues: survival of the All Volunteer Force, use of the Total Force Management concept, and demands of high technology. Discussion is divided into three…

Ruff, Richard R.; And Others

340

Challenging Policy: Confronting the Military Professional's Dilemma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a study about the dilemma of the senior military professional who is faced with a decision as to whether and how to challenge national policy. These military professionals find themselves in a precarious position, being pulled by both their loyalt...

A. M. Mueller

1999-01-01

341

Military Expenditure: Threats, Aid, and Arms Races  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using global data for the period 1960?99, Collier and Hoeffler estimate neighborhood arms races. They find that the level of military expenditure is strongly influenced by the expenditure of neighbors. The authors estimate an ?arms race multiplier,? finding that an initial exogenous increase in military expenditure by one country is more than doubled in both the originating country and its

Paul Collier; Anke Hoeffler

2002-01-01

342

Military Expenditure in Post-Conflict Societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Post-conflict situations face a high risk of reversion to conflict. We investigate the effect of military expenditure by the government during the first decade post-conflict on the risk of reversion. We contrast two theories as to the likely effects. In one, military spending deters conflict by reducing the prospects of rebel success. In the other it acts as a signal

Paul Collier; Anke Hoeffler

2004-01-01

343

Military expenditure in post-conflict societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Post-conflict situations face a high risk of reversion to conflict. We investigate the effect of military expenditure by the government during the first decade post-conflict on the risk of reversion. We contrast two theories as to the likely effects. In one, military spending deters conflict by reducing the prospects of rebel success. In the other it acts as a signal

Paul Collier; Anke Hoeffler

2006-01-01

344

Future of the Military - Media Relationship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major purpose of this study was to determine the relationship, between the military and the media, as viewed by middle grade Army officers. This study also examined what the military view of the relationship would be during combat and the middle grade...

P. A. Darcy

1993-01-01

345

Father Absence Effects on Military Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects of father absence on military children were studied by use of a questionnaire and personal interviews. The sample consisted of U.S. military officers and their dependents stationed at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. The study focu...

D. J. Curran

1981-01-01

346

Fiber system for the military environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military telecommunications applications and specialized military applications of guided wave optics are discussed. Examples include long-haul time-domain multiplexers for tactical command control and communications, detector devices for plasma diagnostics and nuclear testing applications, fiber-guided weapons systems, fiber-optic interferometric hydrophones, and integrated-optic spectrum analyzers.

M. K. Barnoski

1980-01-01

347

Fiber system for the military environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Military telecommunications applications and specialized military applications of guided wave optics are discussed. Examples include long-haul time-domain multiplexers for tactical command control and communications, detector devices for plasma diagnostics and nuclear testing applications, fiber-guided weapons systems, fiber-optic interferometric hydrophones, and integrated-optic spectrum analyzers.

Barnoski, M. K.

1980-10-01

348

Military space station implications. Study project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Justifying the relevancy of a Manned Military Space Station (MMSS) and subsequently proposing its deployment to capitalize upon the United States' national security interests is the essence and purpose of this group study project. The MMSS is intended to perform a two-fold purpose: (1) facilitate military peacetime operations while simultaneously supporting and promoting civilian space initiatives; and, (2) act as

G. D. Bourne; G. D. Skirvin; G. R. Wilson

1987-01-01

349

Active and Passive Smoking in Military Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Despite a recent decline in smoking by military personnel, military members and their dependents continue to smoke at rates that are higher than their civilian counterparts. The purpose of the original study was to test of a model active and passive smoki...

J. Agazio

1997-01-01

350

Engaging Military Partners: Supporting Connections to Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current Overseas Contingency Operation (OCO), families and communities have been impacted by multiple deployments. This is particularly challenging for families that are geographically isolated from military installations and resources typically available near these facilities. Operation Military Kids (OMK) is a national partnership…

Edwards, Harriett C.

2009-01-01

351

Contemporary Professionalism and Future Military Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Once again the military establishment faces adjustment to peacetime. The process this time will be unusual, for several reasons. There is some evidence that the international environment is changing, and a large military force structure will not be needed. Domestic pressures to reduce defense budgets are stronger than they have been in the past. The situation facing the services may

Edwin A. Deagle

1973-01-01

352

RETHINKING MILITARY LEADERSHIP FROM A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 have presented some fundamental issues about the new challenges for military leadership in this Journal. Among them, that military leadership is now facing an increasingly complex world where previously taken-for-granted ideas about war and peace, technology, multinational coalitions, etc., do not hold anymore. They rightfully concluded that a \\

Eric Ouellet

2009-01-01

353

Military Expenditure and Socio-Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between military expenditure and the stimulation of aggregate demand, inflation, investment, trade balance, foreign exchange, the improvement of taxation, and employment creation and industrialization in the Third World is analyzed. To some extent military expenditure does promote economic growth, but it does not automatically…

Ball, Nicole

1983-01-01

354

Tax Advantage Retirement Savings for the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The erosion of the military retirement system is a contributing cause to readiness problems in the Air Force. It is time to change the retirement system to one, which provides more to the military member than the current plan implemented under the Militar...

M. R. Fenton

1999-01-01

355

A World of Peace and Military Landscapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines "peace landscapes" as areas having a virtual absence of conflict, such the border between the United States and Canada. Identifies "military landscapes" as those having intense military conflicts, as in the Iran-Iraq war. Examines the components of these landscapes and identifies the contributions geographers can make to better understand…

Brunn, Stanley D.

1987-01-01

356

Optimal Compensating Wages for Military Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current U.S. military pay structure offers inequitable and inefficient wages across locations. Military personnel are paid less competitive wages in high-cost and/or low-amenity locations compared to low-cost and/or high-amenity locations. This pay system results in unequal reenlistment rates across locations, which leads to production…

Carrell, Scott E.; West, James E.

2005-01-01

357

Physical Training in the USSR Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The physical fitness program for the USSR is strictly controlled throughout the Soviet military and civilian society. The civilian defense program (GTO) is designed to control the physical education of all citizens from ages 10-60. The focus of GTO is on preparing youth for military service. (JN)

Drews, Fred

1981-01-01

358

On the Military Significance of Language Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that facility in a foreign language contributes to the nation's military capability in command, intelligence, operations, logistics, survival skills and in community and official relations. After reviewing relevant historical episodes, suggests that an effort should be made to improve U.S. military personnel language skills. (MES)

Muller, Kurt E.

1981-01-01

359

LOCATIONS OF MILITARY WASTE SITES IN ALASKA  

EPA Science Inventory

This map shows locations of contaminated and non-contaminated military waste sites, Alaska Native Villages, Native Corporation boundaries, and Traditional Land-Use areas (Artic Slope region only). The entire state is shown plus identification of all military sites currently being...

360

Military Deployment and Elementary Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact that military deployment has upon academic achievement of elementary school students. TerraNova test scores of 137 fourth and fifth grade students in two elementary schools with a high proportion of military dependent children were examined for two consecutive years. Although the academic test performance fell…

Phelps, Terri; Dunham, Mardis; Lyons, Robert

2010-01-01

361

The Demographics of Military Children and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic…

Clever, Molly; Segal, David R.

2013-01-01

362

Vignettes of Military History. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication, 'Vignettes of Military History,' is the compendium of a series of individual papers started in 1974, which were published by the staff of the Military History Research Collection. The intent of the series is to show brief glimpses of the...

R. J. Sommers

1976-01-01

363

Military ophthalmology in the Vietnam War  

Microsoft Academic Search

This overview of the practice of military ophthalmology by US army ophthalmologists during the Vietnam War focuses on administrative\\u000a management of eye and adnexal injuries, care of the wounded military and of Vietnamese civilians, and research activities.\\u000a It concludes with improvements that have been subsequently adopted.

Francis G. La Piana; Albert Hornblass

1997-01-01

364

T/sup 2/ high-technology transfer to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states; a public policy issues: an analysis of the loss of American high technology to the Soviet bloc, and methods to be employed by the United States government in overcoming this problem  

SciTech Connect

Loss of American high technology to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states has become a significant problem in the US. The Soviet Union enjoys quantitative military superiority over the US. The US on the other hand, has opted to maintain the balance of power through advanced high-technology military systems. This qualitative lead has been eroded, however, by Soviet successes in their high-technology transfer (T/sup 2/) program. This study examines the question of high-technology transfer to the Soviet Union and Soviet-bloc states in terms of the following: (1) significance of this problem to the US; (2) how the Soviets acquire American high technology; (3) how acquisition of American high technology assists the Soviet Union; (4) what the US government is doing to reduce Soviet T/sup 2/ efforts; and (5) the author's recommendations to enhance the US program to control high-technology transfer. The author offers several suggests to deal with this problem, including: establishment of ad hoc matrix organization, with representatives from both the public and private sectors; privatization of government tasks connected with the T/sup 2/ issue, e.g., the conduct by the private sector of background investigations on individuals working on classified military contracts; evaluation of the current Coordinating Committee (COCOM) agreement to treaty status; reduction of the number of items on American export control lists; and the reduction of Soviet diplomatic representation in the United States.

Smits, W.H. Jr.

1986-01-01

365

The Soviet Far East military buildup: Nuclear dilemmas and Asian security  

SciTech Connect

The growing nuclearization of the Soviet military presence in the Far East has been of increasing concern to the United States and its Asian-Pacific allies. This volume brings together the diverse perspectives of multinational groups of defense and foreign policy experts associated with the Security Conference on Asia and the Pacific. Topics considered include the problems of coalition defense; strategic issues for the Soviet Union; motives and prospects; thinking about the nuclear balance; Soviet military deployments: Implications for China's security; the Soviet military buildup in Japan; theater nuclear weapons and Japan's defense policy; the Soviet military buildup in the Far East and South Korea; ANZAC perspectives on Soviet power in the Pacific; prospects for a new Korean War; Indochina, 1982-1985; links between Asian and European security; The European theater nuclear force; and European and Japanese Experiences.

Solomon, R.H.; Kosaka, M.

1986-01-01

366

Military applications of hyperspectral imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical imaging, including infrared imaging, generally has many important applications, both civilian and military. In recent years, technological advances have made multi- and hyperspectral imaging a viable technology in many demanding military application areas. The aim of the CEPA JP 8.10 program has been to evaluate the potential benefit of spectral imaging techniques in tactical military applications. This unclassified executive summary describes the activities in the program and outlines some of the results. More specific results are given in classified reports and presentations. The JP 8.10 program started in March 2002 and ended in February 2005. The participating nations were France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and United-Kingdom, each with a contribution of 2 man-years per year. Essential objectives of the program were to: 1) analyze the available spectral information in the optronic landscape from visible to infrared; 2) analyze the operational utility of multi- and hyperspectral imaging for detection, recognition and identification of targets, including low-signature targets; 3) identify applications where spectral imaging can provide a strong gain in performance; 4) propose technical recommendations of future spectral imaging systems and critical components. Finally, a stated objective of the JP 8.10 program is to "ensure the proper link with the image processing community". The presentation is organized as follows. In a first step, the two trials (Pirrene and Kvarn) are presented including a summary of the acquired optical properties of the different landscape materials and of the spectral images. Then, a phenomenology study is conducted analyzing the spectral behavior of the optical properties, understanding the signal at the sensor and, by processing spectroradiometric measurements evaluating the potential to discriminate spectral signatures. Cameo-Sim simulation software is presented including first validation results and the generation of spectral synthetic images. Results obtained on measured and synthetic images are shown and discussed with reference to two main classes of image processing tasks: anomaly detection and signature based target detection. Furthermore, preliminary works on band selection are also presented which aim to optimize the spectral configuration of an image sensor. Finally, the main conclusions of the WEAG program CEPA JP8.10 are given.

Briottet, X.; Boucher, Y.; Dimmeler, A.; Malaplate, A.; Cini, A.; Diani, M.; Bekman, H.; Schwering, P.; Skauli, T.; Kasen, I.; Renhorn, I.; Klasén, L.; Gilmore, M.; Oxford, D.

2006-06-01

367

Protection Military Personnel and the Public from the Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation from Military Communications and Radar Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study has as its objective the improvement of the protection provided by the military services to military personnel and members of the general public from the hazards of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) of military communications and radar systems. T...

S. A. Oliva

1979-01-01

368

Urban African-American males' perceptions of condom use, gender and power, and HIV/STD prevention program.  

PubMed Central

The overall goal of the research project was to develop, administer and assess a brief male-focused condom promotion program for inner-city young adult African-American males. To achieve that goal, we conducted a formative study consisting of both quantitative and qualitative research methods. For the qualitative component, which was guided by the relevant tenets of the social cognitive theory and the stages of change model, a series of focus group discussions was conducted among the target population based upon a thematic topic guide that covered three broad areas: young men's perceptions of condom use relative to pregnancy and HIV/sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention, gender-based issues surrounding condom use, and potential guidelines for the development of customized condom promotion programs. Those focus group discussions were audiotaped and the transcribed data summarized and analyzed based on those thematic topics. The findings revealed that respondents were more likely to assume that they know the risk behaviors of their sexual partners, more likely to consider pregnancy as a socially desirable outcome, more likely to control condom use within relationship dynamics and sexual contexts, and also more likely to provide suggestions on suitable components for program development. The implications and limitations of those findings from this qualitative component of the project are herein described, including potential recommendations for program development.

Kennedy, Stephen B.; Nolen, Sherry; Applewhite, Jeffrey; Waiter, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

369

Report to the American Physical Society of the Study Group on Radionuclide Release From Severe Accidents at Nuclear Power Plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The release of radioiodine during the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident was more than an order of magnitude smaller than what had been predicted from analyses of hypothetical nuclear accidents. The Reactor Safety Study of 1975 (RSS), which carried out the analyses, is a fundamental factor in formulating regulations concerned with such accidents. This American Physical Society (APS) study group report is a result of the obvious need to reevaluate the RSS analysis of the “source term,” that is, the amount of various radionuclides that are predicted to be emitted under various reactor failure scenarios.The report includes an introductory background to the history of nuclear reactor accidents and accident studies and to the health aspects of radionuclide releases. It then describes nuclear reactors and reactor failure modes, including reasonably detailed descriptions of particular modes thought to be especially critical. The most extensive discussion concerns the chemical and physical processes important in the generation, transport, and release of radionuclides. The large computer codes used to model these processes are considered and evaluated. The results of some of the computer runs are examined in the light of a simplified but informative model to evaluate those features of an accident that are most likely to affect the source term. A review of the research programs currently underway precedes both the study group conclusions about the need to revise the source terms from those in the RSS and recommendations for further studies that are necessary to better evaluate the source term.

Shaw, George

370

45 CFR 2532.10 - Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs. 2532.10 Section...SERVICE INNOVATIVE AND SPECIAL DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS § 2532.10 Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs. (a)...

2010-10-01

371

45 CFR 2531.10 - Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs. 2531.10 Section...SERVICE INNOVATIVE AND SPECIAL DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS § 2531.10 Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs. (a)...

2009-10-01

372

Flexible displays for military use  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid advances in full-color displays based on organic light emitting devices (OLEDS) and advances in nonemissive technologies have opened new military and commercial applications. For emissive displays, organic based devices are uniquely capable of being deposited at room temperature, which offers the possibility for fabrication on flexible substrates. Most passive technologies also have this property. In this talk, we will highlight the recent advances towards flexible emissive displays based on OLED technology and light modulating technology that are currently funded by the government. Here, we will provide an overview of the fabrication issues that include: the substrate, active and passive matrix drivers, small molecule and polymer based emissive layers, as well as sealing. The talk will provide an overview of the different approaches taken to address these issues and what are the common issues for all technologies.

Forsythe, Eric W.; Morton, David C.; Wood, Gary L.

2002-08-01

373

The Military and the Media in Conflict: The Sidle Panel and the U.S. Invasion of Grenada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exclusion of the press from the first days of the American invasion of Grenada dramatically brought into focus the fundamental conflict between the military's need for secrecy and the press's need to publish information. From the viewpoint of the press, the decision to exclude reporters from the island until the third day of the invasion denied…

Warden, Michael L.

374

Central American electrical interconnection  

SciTech Connect

A technical cooperation grant of $2.25 million, designed to strengthen the capacity of Central American countries to operate their regional interconnected electrical system, was announced by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The grant, extended from the banks Fund for Special Operations, will help improve the capacity of the regions electric power companies to achieve economical, safe operation of the interconnected electric power systems. The funds will also be used to finance regional studies of the accords, procedures, regulations, and supervisory mechanisms for the system, as well as program development and data bases.

Not Available

1988-12-01

375

Sexually Transmitted Infections and Sexual Dysfunctions among Newly Returned Veterans with and without Military Sexual Trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

This cross-sectional study examined the odds of being diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or a sexual dysfunction disorder (SDD) among Operation Enduring Freedom\\/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF\\/OIF) American veterans receiving care in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) in relation to whether or not they have experienced military sexual trauma (MST). Among those veterans who experienced MST, the influence of

Jessica A. Turchik; Joanne Pavao; Deborah Nazarian; Samina Iqbal; Caitlin McLean; Rachel E. Kimerling

2012-01-01

376

Military consensus behind Soviet arms control proposals  

SciTech Connect

For nearly two years General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev has tried to entice the West with a spectacular array of arms control proposals and initiatives. On issues such as on-site inspections and European missile reductions, he has made such significant concessions over previous Soviet positions that questions have been raised, and not satisfactorily answered, about how much support Gorbachev's diplomacy enjoys among the Soviet military. For example, have Gorbachev's proposals been a bold personal gamble to achieve agreement without the prior approval of the Soviet military bureaucracy. Or does his arms control diplomacy represent a broad consensus among the military leadership and a realignment of Soviet military doctrine and grand strategy. A careful examination of recent Soviet military thought shows that such a consensus exists. A broad and stable coalition of key military leaders supports the General Secretary's policies. Moreover, recent Soviet concessions are not, as commonly argued, a stopgap ploy to halt the US Strategic Defense Initiative or Star Wars. Rather, the military's support for Gorbachev's arms-control diplomacy is based on some serious strategic analysis and stems from broad, fundamental, and enduring changes in Soviet national security policy.

Weickhardt, G.C.

1987-09-01

377

Military traumatic brain injury: A review.  

PubMed

Military mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) differs from civilian injury in important ways. Although mTBI sustained in both military and civilian settings are likely to be underreported, the combat theater presents additional obstacles to reporting and accessing care. The impact of blast forces on the nervous system may differ from nonblast mechanisms, mTBI although studies comparing the neurologic and cognitive sequelae in mTBI survivors have not provided such evidence. However, emotional distress appears to figure prominently in symptoms following military mTBI. This review evaluates the extant literature with an eye towards future research directions. PMID:24924680

Chapman, Julie C; Diaz-Arrastia, Ramon

2014-06-01

378

Developing the military spaceplane-from concept to hardware  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the Boeing Company's approach to developing the USAF's Military Spaceplane (MSP) ``from Concept to Hardware.'' It focuses initially on the USAF Phase 1 MSP Integrated Technology Testbed (ITT) program and describes the testbed architecture, the role of operations simulations, and the ground test articles (GTA's), which are designed to mitigate key technical risk areas associated with developing a high operational tempo MSP. It next describes a sub-orbital demonstration vehicle system capable of delivering a military-useful payload to orbit via a ``pip-up'' payload deployment scheme. A development roadmap is presented, including definition of the sub-orbital demonstrator's enabling technologies. The described sub-orbital demonstration system includes a reusable, rapid-response launch vehicle derived from Boeing's flight-proven Delta Clipper Experimental (DC-X/DC-XA) programs, and a reusable space maneuver orbiter vehicle (SMV) derived from the USAF/Boeing North American's REFLY and mini-Spaceplane technology (mist) design and development programs. The paper concludes with an examination of the performance capability potential of a CONUS-based sub-orbital MSP demonstrator system.

Klevatt, Paul L.; Gaubatz, William A.

1998-01-01

379

Cigarette Prices in Military Retail: A Review and Proposal for Advancing Military Health Policy  

PubMed Central

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States (US) and has been demonstrated to significantly harm the combat readiness of military personnel. Unfortunately, recent research demonstrated that cigarettes are sold at substantial discounts in military retail outlets. In fact, the military is the only retailer which consistently loses money on tobacco. Cheap tobacco prices have been identified by enlisted personnel and Department of Defense health policy experts as promoting a culture of tobacco use in the US Military. This paper provides an analysis of why current military tobacco pricing policy has failed to eliminate cheap tobacco prices as an incentive for use. A rationale for increasing tobacco prices also is presented along with recommendations for improved military tobacco control policy.

Haddock, Christopher K.; Jahnke, Sara A.; Poston, Walker S.C.; Williams, Larry N.

2013-01-01

380

Cigarette prices in military retail: a review and proposal for advancing military health policy.  

PubMed

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States and has been shown to significantly harm the combat readiness of military personnel. Unfortunately, recent research showed that cigarettes are sold at substantial discounts in military retail outlets. In fact, the military is the only retailer that consistently loses money on tobacco. Cheap tobacco prices have been identified by enlisted personnel and Department of Defense health policy experts as promoting a culture of tobacco use in the U.S. Military. This article provides an analysis of why current military tobacco pricing policy has failed to eliminate cheap tobacco prices as an incentive for use. A rationale for increasing tobacco prices also is presented along with recommendations for improved military tobacco control policy. PMID:23756017

Haddock, Christopher K; Jahnke, Sara A; Poston, Walker S C; Williams, Larry N

2013-05-01

381

Underserved: A Case Study of ROTC in New York City. A Report of the AEI Program on American Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The military-civilian disconnect has been a source of increasing concern over the last few decades. National security leaders--including the commander in chief, President Barack Obama--have warned that many Americans are unaware of the military's sacrifices and its growing sense of isolation from wider society. In remarks at Duke University in…

Miller, Cheryl

2011-01-01

382

Tuition Assistance Usage and First-Term Military Retention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tuition Assistance (TA) is a military-sponsored program that reimburses military members for 75% of the tuition costs of college classes while on active duty in the hope of making military service more attractive to young people and encouraging them to remain in the military. TA's effectiveness was examined by using two models--a bivariate probit…

Buddin, Richard; Kapur, Kanika

383

Youth Attitudes Toward the Military: Poll One.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of the first youth poll in a series that looked at propensity, employment status, education status, impressions of the military, attitudes toward teams, influencers and the decision making process, and level of satisfactio...

R. M. Bailey, M. E. Strackbein, J. A. Hoskins, B. J. George, A. R. Lancaster

2002-01-01

384

Prediction of Impact Factor for Military Bridges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A numerical study has been conducted on the dynamic response of nonuniform bridges subjected to the passage of heavy, multi-axle vehicles. For practical purposes, short span military bridges are made from lightweight components. As a consequence, the vehi...

V. J. Virchis

1979-01-01

385

Military Satellite Systems and Antisatellite Antimissile Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Outer space is an area in which strategists of every nation are interested. Today, aerospace technology is not only used in satellite communications and aerospace technological research, it is also used towards military goals. The militarization of outer ...

Z. Huang

1995-01-01

386

Military Wastes-to-Energy Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This analysis focuses on the military waste material and byproduct stream and the potential for energy recovery and utilization. Feedstock material includes municipal-type solid waste, selected installation hazardous waste, and biomass residue. The study ...

K. E. Kawaoka

1980-01-01

387

Reconstructed Meat Technology for the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The committee reviewed areas of the technology of restructured meats of particular interest to the military such as equipment, processes, and products; additives that influence the functional properties of restructured meats; storage stability; mechanical...

1982-01-01

388

Military Dog Training for Law Enforcement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five courses involved in the intensive training that dogs and their handlers go through in the Military Dog Studies Branch at Lackland Air Force Base (San Antonio, Texas) in preparation for duties in law enforcement. (HD)

Atwell, Lou E.

1977-01-01

389

Fatigue Following Childbirth: Military Family Outcomes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Infant sleep patterns and temperament directly influence the sleep and fatigue of parents. Disruptions in sleep can affect job satisfaction and performance, an important consideration in the military. This study was conducted at Madigan Army Medical Cente...

G. Phyall

1997-01-01

390

Blues to Civvies: Morphing the Military Profession.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hiring contractors to perform Air Force operations is morphing the military profession. Never before have so many contractors been hired to support or perform operations both in theater and on CONUS bases. This research will assess today's unprecedented e...

C. J. Grey

2005-01-01

391

Female Athlete Triad: Prevalence in Military Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The female athlete triad, otherwise known as the inter-relatedness of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, is an area of increasing awareness in female athletes, which has not been explored in military women. We conducted a 3 part prospective ...

T. D. Lauder

1997-01-01

392

Application of Powder Technology to Military Hardware.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A short description of powder metallurgy and its possible application to the manufacture of military hardware is discussed. The first part deals with the experimental aspects of producing compacts from powders. The basic processes of material preparation ...

J. P. Drolet

1972-01-01

393

Neuroticism and Antibody Responses in Military Recruits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The hypothesis that neurotic individuals produce lower levels of antibodies under stress than emotionally-stable individuals was tested by measuring neutralizing antibody responses to inoculations for adenoviruses 4 and 7 in military recruits (n = 24) dur...

R. R. Vickers L. K. Hervig R. Rappaport P. Linard

1991-01-01

394

Military Family Coping Project - Phase 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Military Family Coping Project has been designed to examine the stress and adjustment issues surrounding deployments for Soldiers, Spouses and Parents of Soldiers. This project has the luxury of seeing soldiers in the context of their nuclear families...

J. W. Ellor

2012-01-01

395

US Armed Forces in Soviet Military Publications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper the author examines articles published about the US Armed Forces in the Soviet military press in the past three years. He concludes that, not unexpectedly, there exists a regular, comprehensive information program about the US Armed Forces. ...

T. C. Purcell

1977-01-01

396

Management of Uncertainty in Military Scene Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research into modeling and managing uncertainty in military scene analysis is presented. A new method of logical inference was developed for the case where propositions are modeled by possibility distributions. This scheme was tested in a prototype fuzzy ...

J. M. Keller R. M. Crownover R. W. McLaren

1988-01-01

397

Military and aerospace applications of FCC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Military and NASA programs are discussed in which FCC were used. Included are Saturn 4, Pegasus satellites solar, array for Skylab orbital workshop, Poseidon missiles, MK 48 torpedo fire control, and Lunar Surveyor.

Swanson, C.

1972-01-01

398

Military Deception: A Clinical Psychological Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes four clinical psychological contributions to the study and practice of military deception. First, inferential techniques yield five generic factors of deception: intention, behavior, perception, teleology, and systems. Second, reliabi...

R. W. Bloom

1984-01-01

399

Leather Substitute for Military Dog Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Reinforced poromeric material (Corfam) in industrial-grade thicknesses was evaluated as a leather substitute for fabrication of military dog equipment. User evaluations indicate that industrial-grade Corbam substrate, alone or laminated with polyurethane-...

E. S. Tomlinson

1973-01-01

400

Military Day Care--A Nationwide Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the hours of operation, age and ethnicity of participating children, staffing costs, and quality of United States military day care centers that are operated as nonappropriated fund instrumentalities. Some conclusions are drawn. (ED)

Nesenholtz, David

1976-01-01

401

Military Applications of Coherent Infrared Radar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Electro-optical and radar technologies are being merged in the form of coherent infrared radars. In this paper we discuss the potential military applications of these devices. We begin by reviewing the factors favoring coherent infrared radars over altern...

R. C. Harney

1981-01-01

402

The future of military radar: a perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a perspective of military radar development. The foreseen configuration of radar systems in the first part of the 21 st century is proposed. The avenues of radar evolution and the expected occurrence of technological breakthrough are discussed

Zhang Xixong

1999-01-01

403

Programmable logic in the military environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper will review the status of user programmable logic devices (PLDs) for military applications. The design, reliability, testability, and radiation hardness of PLDs is discussed. 14 refs. (GHH)

G. C. Bergeson

1990-01-01

404

Programmable logic in the military environment  

SciTech Connect

This paper will review the status of user programmable logic devices (PLDs) for military applications. The design, reliability, testability, and radiation hardness of PLDs is discussed. 14 refs. (GHH)

Bergeson, G.C.

1990-01-01

405

Reliable Multicast Data Delivery for Military Networking.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multicast networking support is becoming an increasingly important technology area for both commercial and military distributed or group-based applications. The underlying delivery mechanism for IP multicast is presently the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) o...

J. P. Macker J. E. Klinker M. S. Corson

1996-01-01

406

Handbook For Military Justice and Civil Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial contents include: Introduction to Evidence; The Law of Privileges; The Law of Self-Incrimination; Search and Seizure/Drug Abuse Detection; Discovery and Requests for Witnesses; Military Justice Investigations; Informal Disciplinary Measures: Nonpu...

1996-01-01

407

Effect Terrorist Labels Have on Military Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research presents an analysis of U.S. laws surrounding terrorism to assess the effect they have on military operations in asymmetric conflicts. Modern conflicts utilize unconventional approaches, such as co- opting or informing, as decisive operation...

L. W. Anglin

2012-01-01

408

Potential Influenza Effects on Military Populations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper begins with a historical review of the 1918 influenza pandemic as it affected military populations and operations. Our review then serves as a point of departure for the analytical reconstruction of certain influenza epidemics in stateside trai...

J. N. Bombardt H. E. Brown

2003-01-01

409

Foreign Military Sales: Financial Policies and Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Effective financial planning is vital for the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. Responsibilities for effective FMS financial planning are shared by comptroller personnel, operations and logistics managers, and FMS purchasers. An understanding of the p...

B. J. Cory

1984-01-01

410

Abuse and Prenatal Outcomes in Military Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to document the prevalence of violence in pregnant and postpartum military populations and to study the relationships between battering during pregnancy and the early postpartum period and different approaches to documenting ...

P. W. Sharps

2000-01-01

411

Environmental Impacts of Military Range Use.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Massachusetts Army National Guard operates the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR), located on Cape Cod. In 1997, MMR received the first of four Administrative Orders (AO) from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) due to concerns over potent...

G. S. Goldsmith

2010-01-01

412

Economic Determinants of Military Enlistment Rates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Continued success of the all-volunteer force depends upon the ability of the military services to meet consistently their enlistment goals. This paper measures the effects of the business cycle on enlistments of nonprior service high school graduates. The...

C. Dale C. Gilroy

1983-01-01

413

Evaluation of Military Service Youth Advertisements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the findings of quantitative research assessing the effectiveness of eight U.S. Military Service youth advertisements. The research was conducted by Wirthlin Worldwide in support of the Department of Defense (DoD) Joint Recruiting Adv...

M. E. Strackbein J. A. Hoskins A. R. Lancaster C. J. Moessner

2002-01-01

414

Military Families: Psychosocial Adaptation to Pregnancy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study was twofold: (1) to prospectively examine the influence of military separations and perceived social support on maternal psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy, and (2) to determine the influence of first and second trimester family...

K. Weiss

2005-01-01

415

From exclusion to acceptance: a case history of homosexuality in the U.S. Court of Military Appeals.  

PubMed

Policing the legality and normalcy of service members' sexual lives was a contentious process for military courts throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s that resulted in the inconsistent enforcement of the homosexual exclusion policy. Military personnel of all ranks and occupations harbored a variety of attitudes and beliefs about homosexuality that challenged the legitimacy and uniformity of the military's legal assault on sexual deviance. Over half of the active duty personnel originally accused of homosexual tendencies received either sentence reductions or sentence reversals as a result of this highly contested process by which official military policy was translated into practice via courts-martial. Paradoxically, the very policies that discriminated against alleged homosexual service members generated legal avenues through which gays and lesbians exercised their rights to due process, and, ultimately, their rights as American citizens embodied in the repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy. Rather than being an ideologically homophobic monolith, the Cold War American military rocked with contestation over an exclusion policy that attempted--unsuccessfully--to eliminate all gay and lesbian service members. PMID:23414272

Wilson-Buford, Kellie

2013-01-01

416

Better Military Relations and Human Rights Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military-to-military ties with Indonesia were significantly enhanced this quarter as plans were made for joint training that included counterterrorism for the first time. Jakarta also supported UN Security Council sanctions against Iran's nuclear program despite negative domestic reactions for opposing a fellow Muslim country. Regarding the Philippines, a U.S. Congressional hearing condemned extra-judicial killings and the impunity with which some

Sheldon W. Simon

2007-01-01

417

Okinawa: The American Years 1945-1972  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Department of History at Texas A&M-Commerce, this site offers an excellent starting point for research on the American military occupation of Okinawa. Users will find brief biographies of key figures, a chronology, photos, editorial cartoons and related links. The core of the site is a collection of annotated bibliographic essays on archives, books, films, and oral histories related to this topic. Where possible, these essays offer hypertext links to the sources mentioned.

Sarantakes, Nicholas Evan, 1966-

418

The American Experience: Fly Girls  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by the American Experience, the Fly Girls Web site is a companion to the television special airing on PBS June 2, 2002 (check local listings for time). The 60-minute special documents the largely unknown story of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) who signed up to fly with the US military during World War II. The show will feature testimonials from former WASPs who discuss the planes they flew, the challenges they met, and the pride they felt in contributing to the American war effort. The accompanying Web site contains a reference section that includes interview transcripts, a list of books and articles used as sources for the film, and Fly Girls-related documents and letters. The site also contains a WASP timeline from 1937-1979, interactive maps of four trips made by Teresa James between various air bases, a teachers' reference guide, and much more.

1998-01-01

419

Military deployment toxicology: a program manager's perspective.  

PubMed

The Persian Gulf War drew attention to the potential hazards of chemicals that personnel may encounter during military operations and deployments overseas. During the War, the oil well fires of Kuwait highlighted the military threat of industrial chemicals in the area of operations. Following the War, the occurrence of Gulf War Illnesses brought home concerns and suspicions regarding "low level" and "mixed" exposures to chemicals. The public's concern and attention resulted in numerous institutional responses to the real and perceived problems of health risks during military deployments. These institutional responses ranged in scope from a Presidential Review Directive to the initiative known as the Deployment Toxicology Research, Development, Testing and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. Most institutions, however, seem to agree that additional research is needed to assess the health risks from chemical exposures during military deployments. Establishing and managing an effective RDT&E program in risk assessment for deployed forces is a challenging enterprise. The Deployment Toxicology RDT&E Program was conceived utilizing the military's acquisition framework, an effective methodology with a proven record of fielding of new technologies. Based on a series of structured meetings with military representatives that would utilize new risk assessment tools, a hierarchical set of plans was developed to identify and prioritize end products. The challenge ahead for the Deployment Toxicology RDT&E Program is to execute these plans, provide the necessary oversight, and transition the results into successful product development. PMID:10711391

Knechtges, P L

2000-02-01

420

Cooperative Extension Training Impact on Military Youth and 4-H Youth: The Case of Speak Out for Military Kids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extension needs new venues to promote their programming skills to unfamiliar audiences. One new audience Extension is currently reaching is military children. By partnering with Operation: Military Kids to offer a Speak Out for Military Kids training, Extension supports military children and document changes in the behavior of this audience.…

Edwin, James; McKinley, Steve; Talbert, B. Allen

2010-01-01

421

Palm Power  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Military equipment often requires significant amounts of electrical power, and it is important for power supplies to be portable and to have large capacities. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency realizes this need for efficient power sources, so it is investigating alternatives to conventional batteries. High energy fuels are the primary focus of the Palm Power project. This Web site discusses the details and goals of the project in introductory sections. More specific information can be found in the Briefings section, which has a collection of presentations on different aspects of Palm Power research.

Browning, Valerie.

422

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Were the colonist justified in rebelling against Great Britain? 1. The United States was not created over night. Many causes of the revolution began back in the 1760's, over ten years before the war. Many causes date before the 1760's. Click here American Revolution Timeline to view a timeline of the events leading to the American Revolution and major events during ...

Coker, Mr.

2010-03-24

423

Immigrating for status in late life: Effects of globalization on Filipino American veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we examine the late-life immigration of Filipino American veterans who have recently been awarded U.S. citizenship based on their military service to the United States during World War II. Based on data collected with 27 Filipino American veterans, we found that the primary motivation for veterans' immigration from the Philippines in late life is economic. When Filipino

Gay Becker; Yewoubdar Beyene; Leilani Cuizon Canalita

2000-01-01

424

Gender Differences in Response to Deployment Among Military Healthcare Providers in Afghanistan and Iraq  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Despite their growing numbers in the United States military, little has been published on healthcare providers (HCP) or female service members from conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. The purpose of this secondary analysis of data from the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel was to determine gender differences in reaction to the impact of operational stress in deployed military healthcare providers. Methods The unweighted study sample selected for this data analysis included results from female and male active duty military personnel over the age of 18 years (n=16,146) deployed at least once to Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) or Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) within the past 3 years (n=1,425), for a final sample consisting of either officer (healthcare officer) or enlisted (healthcare specialist) personnel (n=455) (weighted n=23,440). Indices of psychologic distress and social relations were explored and compared. Results Enlisted female HCPs were more likely to be African American (42.3%) and single (63.0%) and represented the greater percentage with significant psychologic difficulties, as shown by serious psychologic distress endorsement (11.3%) and positive screen results for depression (32.2%). More harmful drinking patterns (Alcohol Use Disorders Identifications Test [AUDIT] score 8–15) were found in more female HCPs (enlisted 61.8%, officers 76.4%) compared with males (enlisted 41.1%, officers 67.1%). Conclusions Female HCPs serving in the current military conflicts are reporting significant psychologic distress that may adversely impact their performance within the military, in theaters of operations, and in their lives at home. Implications for clinical care of female service members and veterans of current wars are addressed.

Hickling, Edward J.; Barnett, Scott D.; Herbig-Wall, Pamela L.; Watts, Dorraine D.

2012-01-01

425

Transformation in Russian and Soviet Military History: Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (12th) Held in Washington, D.C. on 1-3 October 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial contents include: The Twenty-ninth Harmon Memorial Lecture in Military History; The Military Legacy of Imperial Russia: History and the Environment; Soviet Military Doctrine; Fighting the Great Patriotic War; Emergence of a Military Superpower: Pu...

C. W. Reddel

1990-01-01

426

Alternate power sources session: Nuclear battery hybrid configuration study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power source requirements for worldwide military applications include a need for low level power (milliwatts average power) under conditions for unattended, extended periods of time. The energy content needed in such applications and the requirement for continuous, troublefree operation led to the investigation of the military potential of radioisotope thermoelectric power sources, with specific interest in a hybrid configuration using

G. Guazzoni

1978-01-01

427

35. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - CONTROL ROOM OF ELECTRIC POWER STATION WITH DIESEL ENGINE POWERED ELECTRIC GENERATION EQUIPMENT IN BACKGROUND. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

428

New Again: Innovative Missions for 21st Century American Airships.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Airships have great potential to support 21st Century American military operations in a wide variety of missions. The US should embrace airships and take the necessary steps to ensure its armed forces gain the greatest advantage from these unique platform...

D. T. Bilko

2007-01-01

429

Commentary: Opinion Poll Measurement of American Confidence in Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the degree of public confidence in several American institutions (medicine, science, religion, education, military, major U.S. companies, press, television, and labor), including science, as measured in 10 national opinion surveys taken in 1966, 1971 to 1978, and in 1980. Discusses trends and explores implications for science. (CS)

Mazur, Allan

1981-01-01

430

Shaping the Environmental Attitude of Military Geography Students at the South African Military Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globally there is a growing environmental awareness among all segments of society, but research on the effect of environmental education in shaping the attitude of military students is lacking. Tertiary environmental education to officers of the South African Department of Defence is seated in the Department of Military Geography at the South…

Smit, Hennie A. P.

2009-01-01

431

Military and the News Media: The Coorientation Measurement Model Applied to Military-News Media Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When U.S. forces engage foreign enemies in combat, a relationship between the U.S. military and the press evolves. The news media strive to represent the unmitigated facts of combat to the U.S. public. The military, however, although agreeing to the princ...

H. C. Cate

1996-01-01

432

Working Around the Military: Challenges to Military Spouse Employment and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of U.S. military life are generally well known-deployments, frequent relocation, long and unpredictable work schedules, and so on. But these factors also restrict the ability of service members' spouses to pursue their own employment or educational interests. This research confirms that, while many military spouses work and…

Harrell, Margaret C.; Lim, Nelson; Castaneda, Laura Werber; Golinelli, Daniela

2004-01-01

433

Working Around the Military: Challenges to Military Spouse Employment and Education. Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of U.S. military life are generally well known-deployments, frequent relocation, long and unpredictable work schedules, and so on. But these factors also restrict the ability of service members' spouses to pursue their own employment or educational interests. This research confirms that, while many military spouses work and…

Harrell, Margaret C.; Lim, Nelson; Castaneda, Laura Werber; Golinelli, Daniela

2004-01-01

434

Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

Hulsey, Amanda

2011-01-01

435

Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

2009-01-01

436

Future Photovoltaic Power Generation for Space-Based Power Utilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent NASA program, Space Solar Power Exploratory Research and Technology (SERT), investigated the technologies needed to provide cost-competitive ground baseload electrical power from space based solar energy conversion. This goal mandated low cost, light weight gigawatt (GW) power generation. Investment in solar power generation technologies would also benefit high power military, commercial and science missions. These missions are generally

S. Bailey; G. Landis; R. Raffaelle; A. Hepp

2002-01-01

437

Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue addresses advantages and disadvantages of having power. Includes Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videos, books, and additional resources with suggested age levels and disciplines as well as ideas for appropriate related activities. Sidebars discuss the power of the pen, the power of peace, and the power of the media. (LRW)

Online-Offline, 1999

1999-01-01

438

Setting the rules for survival: why the Burmese military regime survives in an age of democratization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regardless of its growing unpopularity, the ruling military junta in Burma remains far stronger than any of its foes in the country. This article probes how the junta managed to remain in power for such a long time. The answer lies in the informal procedures that governed the way leading members of the junta dealt with their differences and disagreements

Kyaw Yin Hlaing

2009-01-01

439

A case study of the development of a military specification - zirconium powder for thermal batteries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal batteries are used as the critical power source in nuclear fuses, missiles, and aircraft. Heat sources in thermal batteries use a fine zirconium powder. This report focuses on the zirconium problem and the development of a military specification for zirconium powder as produced by the magnesium reduction method.

Burgess, Mary T.

1987-10-01

440

Spain: Democracy and the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the death of Generalissimo Francisco Franco in November 1975, Spain has undergone a remarkable political transformation in which King Juan Carlos I, Franco's handpicked successor, inherited the authoritarian powers of a dictator and promptly used th...

C. D. Voros

1981-01-01

441

A Retrospective of Four Decades of Military Interest in Thermophotovoltaics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following a short discussion on the origin of Thermophotovoltaic (TPV), this presentation offers a retrospective of the progress and results of the recurrent efforts in TPV conducted in the United States by the Military during the last 40 years. The US Army's interest in TPV, for the development of portable power sources, started a few years after the energy conversion approach was conceived. TPV technology was seen to offer a solution for the Army's need for power in the 10 to 1500 Watt range. The technology offered the means to overcome the limitation of size and weight found in existing commercial power sources, with the additional advantage of silent and multifuel operation. Hence, the Army invested research and development (R&D) funding to investigate TPV feasibility for tactical field application. After an initial decade of continuous research studies by the Army, the support for this technology has experienced cycles of significant efforts interrupted by temporary waiting periods to allow this technology to further mature. Over the last four decades, several TPV proof of concept systems were developed. The results of their testing and evaluation have demonstrated the feasibility of the technology for development of power sources with output of several watts to a few hundreds watts. To date, the results have not been found to adequately demonstrate the applicability of TPV to the development of military power generators with output above 500 watts. TPV power sources have not been developed yet for Army field use or troop testing. The development risk is still considered to be moderate-to-high since practical-size systems that go beyond the laboratory test units have not been designed, constructed, tested. The greatest need is for system development, along with concurrent continued component development and improvement. The Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) support for TPV R&D effort has been drastically reduced. The Army is still pursuing a 500watt TPV unit demonstrator. No further collaboration among DARPA, Army, NASA is contemplated, which seems indicative of the beginning of a new period of waiting for additional maturing of this technology. The Army's assessment about the viability of TPV for integrated systems indicates that the technology will require a few more years of development. However, at this time, for the completion of component and system development, a strong effort is needed in the private sector. The achievement of the necessary ruggedness for some critical components, acceptable overall efficiency, and system thermal management, is essential for a new, strong restart of TPV effort by the Military.

Guazzoni, Guido; Matthews, Selma

2004-11-01

442

Assessing the mental health consequences of military combat in Iraq and Afghanistan: a literature review.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper was to explore how a military career may affect the mental health of serving and ex-service personnel, to identify the accessibility and helpfulness of support (both during and after military service) and to make recommendations for change. A literature search was undertaken using the MetaFind meta search engine with keywords: mental health, psychological health, emotional health, soldier, British army, army, ex-army, military, military personnel, armed forces, resettlement, impact, family relationship, divorce, health, support services. The search was applied to the following databases: EBSCO Host, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Ingenta Connect, Medline, PsyArticles, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, together with the specific journals American Journal of Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry and ProQuest Nursing journals. 110 relevant publications were identified and from these 61 papers were retrieved for further analysis. Poor mental health is associated with increased risk of social exclusion on leaving the services, which further exacerbates mental health problems. An increasing number of ex-service personnel are expected to develop stress-related mental health problems in the future. PMID:21040224

Walker, S

2010-11-01

443

Depression and dementias among military veterans.  

PubMed

Depression is very common throughout the course of veterans' lives, and dementia is common in late life. Previous studies suggest an association between depression and dementia in military veterans. The most likely biologic mechanisms that may link depression and dementia among military veterans include vascular disease, changes in glucocorticoid steroids and hippocampal atrophy, deposition of ?-amyloid plaques, inflammatory changes, and alterations of nerve growth factors. In addition, military veterans often have depression comorbid with posttraumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury. Therefore, in military veterans, these hypothesized biologic pathways going from depression to dementia are more than likely influenced by trauma-related processes. Treatment strategies for depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, or traumatic brain injury could alter these pathways and as a result decrease the risk for dementia. Given the projected increase of dementia, as well as the projected increase in the older segment of the veteran population, in the future, it is critically important that we understand whether treatment for depression alone or combined with other regimens improves cognition. In this review, we summarize the principal mechanisms of this relationship and discuss treatment implications in military veterans. PMID:24924668

Byers, Amy L; Yaffe, Kristine

2014-06-01

444

GIS interoperability: current activities and military implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic information systems (GIS) are gaining importance in military operations because of their capability to spatially and visually integrate various kinds of information. In an era of limited resources, geospatial data must be shared efficiently whenever possible. The military-initiated Global Geospatial Information and Services (GGI&S) Project aims at developing the infrastructure for GIS interoperability for the military. Current activities in standardization and new technology have strong implications on the design and development of GGI&S. To facilitate data interoperability at both the national and international levels, standards and specifications in geospatial data sharing are being studied, developed and promoted. Of particular interest to the military community are the activities related to the NATO DIGEST, ISO TC/211 Geomatics standardization and the industry-led Open Geodata Interoperability Specifications (OGIS). Together with new information technology, standardization provides the infrastructure for interoperable GIS for both civilian and military environments. The first part of this paper describes the major activities in standardization. The second part presents the technologies developed at DREV in support of the GGI&S. These include the Open Geospatial Datastore Interface (OGDI) and the geospatial data warehouse. DREV has been working closely with Defence Geomatics and private industry in the research and development of new technology for the GGI&S project.

Lam, Sylvia

1997-07-01

445

Ubiquitous computing in the military environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasingly people work and live on the move. To support this mobile lifestyle, especially as our work becomes more intensely information-based, companies are producing various portable and embedded information devices. The late Mark Weiser coined the term, 'ubiquitous computing' to describe an environment where computers have disappeared and are integrated into physical objects. Much industry research today is concerned with ubiquitous computing in the work and home environments. A ubiquitous computing environment would facilitate mobility by allowing information users to easily access and use information anytime, anywhere. As war fighters are inherently mobile, the question is what effect a ubiquitous computing environment would have on current military operations and doctrine. And, if ubiquitous computing is viewed as beneficial for the military, what research would be necessary to achieve a military ubiquitous computing environment? What is a vision for the use of mobile information access in a battle space? Are there different requirements for civilian and military users of this technology? What are those differences? Are there opportunities for research that will support both worlds? What type of research has been supported by the military and what areas need to be investigated? Although we don't yet have all the answers to these questions, this paper discusses the issues and presents the work we are doing to address these issues.

Scholtz, Jean

2001-08-01

446

Ginseng, American  

MedlinePLUS

... risk of clotting. It is unclear why this interaction might occur. To avoid this interaction, do not take American ginseng if you take ... There are no known interactions with herbs and supplements.

447

American Canvas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Introduction By the Chairman; Improving the Climate for Culture; Transmitting Our Cultural Legacy; The Evolving Cultural Landscape; Americans and the Arts; Culture and Community; Arts and Education; The Arts and Telecommunications; Seeking New S...

G. O. Larson

1999-01-01

448

American Trypanosomiasis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American trypanosomiasis is a zoonosis caused by the flagellate protozoon Trypanosoma cruzi (previously Schizotrypanum cruzi). In humans, T. cruzi can infect parenchymal cells of many different organs, most commonly the heart, brain, esophagus, and colon.

E. M. Andersen M. K. Klassen-Fischer R. C. Neafie

2011-01-01

449

Production and in vitro antioxidant activity of exopolysaccharide by a mutant, Cordyceps militaris SU5-08.  

PubMed

Cordyceps militaris SU5-08 was derived from an initial strain (C. militaris SU5) by ultraviolet mutagenesis of protoplasts, and the extraction parameters for C. militaris SU5-08 exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced during submerged culture were optimized. The extraction rate of EPS was 1919.16±165.27 mg/l, which was 120.38±11.36% higher than that of C. militaris SU5. The in vitro scavenging effects of EPS of C. militaris SU5-08 on hydroxyl, superoxide anion and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals at a dosage of 5 g/l were 63.64±3.52%, 75.27±5.16%, and 6.46±5.03%, respectively. The reducing power of EPS of C. militaris SU5-08 was 0.21±0.01. The results suggest that the EPS of C. militaris SU5-08 can be used as a potential antioxidant which enhances adaptive immune responses. PMID:22542852

Lin, Rongshan; Liu, Honghong; Wu, Suqian; Pang, Lifei; Jia, Mengshi; Fan, Keming; Jia, Shouhua; Jia, Le

2012-01-01

450

Solid oxide fuel cells for stationary, mobile, and military applications.  

SciTech Connect

Among all designs of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), the most progress has been achieved with the tubular design. However, the electrical resistance of tubular SOFCs is high, and specific power output (W/cm2) and volumetric power density (W/cm3) are low. These low power densities make tubular SOFCs suitable only for stationary power generation and not very attractive for mobile applications. Planar SOFCs, in contrast, are capable of achieving very high power densities. Additionally, sizeable cost reductions are possible through a concept called''mass customization'' that is being pursued in the U.S. Department of Energy's Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA). This concept involves the development a 3-10 kW size core planar SOFC module that can be mass produced and then combined for different size applications in stationary power generation, transportation, and military market sectors, thus eliminating the need to produce custom-designed and inherently more expensive fuel cell stacks to meet a specific power rating. This paper discusses the recent work at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of the design and development of low-cost modular SOFC systems using lower temperature, anode-supported SOFCs.

Singhal, Subhash C.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)

2002-12-02

451

A simple approach to measure computed tomography (CT) modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise-power spectrum (NPS) using the American College of Radiology (ACR) accreditation phantom  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To develop an easily-implemented technique with free publicly-available analysis software to measure the modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise-power spectrum (NPS) of a clinical computed tomography (CT) system from images acquired using a widely-available and standardized American College of Radiology (ACR) CT accreditation phantom. Methods: Images of the ACR phantom were acquired on a Siemens SOMATOM Definition Flash system using a standard adult head protocol: 120 kVp, 300 mAs, and reconstructed voxel size of 0.49 mm × 0.49 mm × 4.67 mm. The radial (axial) MTF was measured using an edge method where the boundary of the third module of the ACR phantom, originally designed to measure uniformity and noise, was used as a circular edge. The 3D NPS was measured using images from this same module and using a previously-described methodology that quantifies noise magnitude and 3D noise correlation. Results: The axial MTF was radially symmetrical and had a value of 0.1 at 0.62 mm?1. The 3D NPS shape was consistent with the filter-ramp function of filtered-backprojection reconstruction algorithms and previously reported values. The radial NPS peak value was ?115 HU2mm3 at ?0.25 mm?1 and dropped to 0 HU2mm3 by 0.8 mm?1. Conclusions: The authors have developed an easily-implementable technique to measure the axial MTF and 3D NPS of clinical CT systems using an ACR phantom. The widespread availability of the phantom along with the free software the authors have provided will enable many different institutions to immediately measure MTF and NPS values for comparison of protocols and systems.

Friedman, Saul N.; Fung, George S. K.; Siewerdsen, Jeffrey H.; Tsui, Benjamin M. W.

2013-01-01

452

American Sign Language  

MedlinePLUS

... Infections, and Deafness American Sign Language American Sign Language On this page: What is American Sign Language? ... signs "I love you." What is American Sign Language? American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex ...

453

Haitian Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

On January 12th, 2010, a 7.0 earthquake devastated Port-au-Prince, Leogane and other parts of Haiti. This natural disaster claimed more than 230,000 lives and left more than 1 million Haitians homeless. As Americans watched horrifying images of devastation, death and destruction, Haitian Americans in Miami, Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach, Florida, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island, New York and

Louis Bertin M. Jr

2010-01-01

454

[Juvenile obesity and fitness for military service].  

PubMed

In a prospective-catamnestic study among 21,978 19-20-year-old Swiss males at the time of military recruitment, a total of 412 (2.6%) obese young men were registered during the years of 1979-1981 for medical follow-up. They were matched for comparison with a group of 318 normal weight controls and studied for discharge rate from military service as well as rate and type of medical problems. After median follow-up of 3 years (basic military training and at least 1 annual repetition course) the obese group showed a discharge rate of 9% (37/412), 3.6 times higher than the normal weight group (2.5%, 8/318; p less than 0.001). There was no correlation between the extent of overweight and discharge rate within the obese group of young males. However, considerable differences for discharge rates showed up between military incorporations/functions (with values for the normal weight group in parenthesis). "Low-risk" incorporation subgroups for obese servicemen were: kitchen/logistics 2.7% (11.5%) and drivers 5.2% (2.6%), possibly due to overlap of professional and military functions. "High-risk" incorporation subgroups for obese servicemen were: medical corps/air defense 14.8% (0%) and artillery/technical functions 14.1% (2.7%), with infantry 7.8% (2.7%) in an intermediate position. The result of the gymnastic training test at military recruitment correlated best with the discharge rate from military service. The distribution of medical reasons (diagnoses) did not differ basically between obese and normal weight young servicemen. Diseases of the spine/joints and feet with 46% (37.5%) ranked first, followed by psychological problems with 22% (37.5%) and cardiovascular and other diseases with 8% (0%). Illness was the cause of discharge from military service in 7% (29/412) of the obese group compared to 1.6% (5/318) in the normal weight group (p less than 0.001), while the respective values for accident-derived discharges (1.9% vs 0.9%) showed no statistically significant difference. Impairment of fitness for military service due to minor medical problems, as well as median days at military infirmary (1.4 vs 1.6 days) and dispensation from physical exercise (0.7% vs 0.7%), were not more frequent in the obese cohort. In nearly one third of medically discharged servicemen the relevant diagnosis was already present at military recruitment. The chances of military promotion for obese servicemen were comparable to those of their normal weight peers, at least during the time interval studied.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:3187476

Frehner, C; Senn, H J

1988-10-01

455

Military risk factors for Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are signature injuries of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and have been linked to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias. A meeting hosted by the Alzheimer's Association and the Veterans' Health Research Institute (NCIRE) in May 2012 brought together experts from the U.S. military and academic medical centers around the world to discuss current evidence and hypotheses regarding the pathophysiological mechanisms linking TBI, PTSD, and AD. Studies underway in civilian and military populations were highlighted, along with new research initiatives such as a study to extend the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) to a population of veterans exposed to TBI and PTSD. Greater collaboration and data sharing among diverse research groups is needed to advance an understanding and appropriate interventions in this continuum of military injuries and neurodegenerative disease in the aging veteran. PMID:23809365

Weiner, Michael W; Friedl, Karl E; Pacifico, Anthony; Chapman, Julie C; Jaffee, Michael S; Little, Deborah M; Manley, Geoffrey T; McKee, Ann; Petersen, Ronald C; Pitman, Roger K; Yaffe, Kristine; Zetterberg, Henrik; Obana, Robert; Bain, Lisa J; Carrillo, Maria C

2013-07-01

456

Contraceptive decision-making in military women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of women in the military related to the prevention of pregnancy. Ten single women, ages 19 to 24, volunteered to be participants. They were interviewed over a 12-week period in a private setting at a military clinic. The results of the study were that their decision to use contraception was influenced by their personal goals, family values, perceived support system, and effectiveness of the birth control. These women used contraceptive methods that they felt were right for them. The conclusion of the study was that women in active military duty are in need of reproductive health education, career counseling, and support. Nurses are in a good position to provide these needed services. PMID:17595410

Chung-Park, Min S

2007-07-01

457

Literature for American Power Conference  

SciTech Connect

Recent experimental work of the Toulouse-Argonne collaboration has opened the perspective of a focusing gamma-ray telescope operating in the energy range of nuclear transitions, featuring unprecedented sensitivity, angular and energy resolution. The instrument consists of a tunable crystal diffraction lens situated on a stabilized spacecraft, focusing gamma-rays onto a small array of Germanium detectors perched on an extendible boom. While the weight of such an instrument is less than 500 kg, it features an angular resolution of 15 in., an energy resolution of 2 keV and a 3 {sigma} narrow line sensitivity of a few times 10 {sup {minus}7} photons s{sup {minus}2} cm {sup {minus}2} (10 {sup 6} sec observation). This instrumental concept permits observation of any identified source at any selected line-energy ;in a range of typically 200 keV to 1300 keV. The resulting ``sequential`` operation mode makes sites of explosive nucleosynthesis natural scientific objectives for such a telescope: The nuclear lines of extragalactic supernovae ({sup 56}Ni, {sup 44}Ti, {sup 60}Fe) and galactic novac (p{sup {minus}}p{sup +} line, {sup 7}Be) are accessible to observation, one at a time, due to the erratic appearance and the sequence of half-lifes of these events Other scientific objective include the narrow 511 keV line from galactic broad class annihilators (such as 1E1740-29, nova musca) and possible redshifted annihilation lines from AGN`s.

NONE

1995-04-01

458

Implementation and dissemination of military informed and evidence-based interventions for community dwelling military families.  

PubMed

Community dwelling military families from the National Guard and Reserve contend with deployment-related stressors in relative isolation, living in communities where mental health providers may have little knowledge of military culture. When they are community residents, active duty service members and families tend to live in close proximity to their military installations. This article will focus primarily on the challenges to quality mental health care for reserve component (RC) families. Where studies of RC families are absent, those of active component (AC) families will be highlighted as relevant. Upon completion of a deployment, reintegration for RC families is complicated by high rates of symptomatology, low service utilization, and greater barriers to care relative to AC families. A paucity of providers skilled in evidence-based treatments (EBTs) limits community mental health capacity to serve RC military families. Several emergent programs illustrate the potential for better serving community dwelling military families. Approaches include behavioral health homes, EBTs and treatment components, structured resiliency and parent training, military informed schools, outreach methods, and technology-based coping, and psychoeducation. Methods from implementation science to improve clinical skill acquisition and spread and sustainability of EBTs may advance access to and quality of mental health treatment and are reviewed herein. Recommendations related to research methods, military knowledge and treatment competencies, and transition to a public health model of service delivery are discussed. PMID:23852335

Murphy, Robert A; Fairbank, John A

2013-12-01

459

An update of military robotics activities  

SciTech Connect

Military unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are beginning to break new ground that will strongly affect the future development of robotics. Current and planned future demonstrations of new UGV technologies are aiding in the maturation of control and navigation technologies critical to remotely controlled, supervised, and autonomous robots. The United States and its allies are spending millions of dollars to develop UGVs for military applications. The first systems will be deployed by the year 2000. The United States is leading the way, and its program is focused on the tactical UGV (TUGV) for the US Army and Marine Corps.

Lovece, J.A. (L B Ltd., Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

460

Evaluation of Suitability of Selected Set of Department of Defense Military Bases and Department of Energy Facilities for Siting a Small Modular Reactor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the approach that ORNL developed for screening a sample set of US Department of Defense (DOD) military base sites and DOE sites for possible powering with an SMR; the methodology employed, including spatial modeling; and initial res...

G. T. Mays O. A. Omitaomu R. J. Belles W. P. Poore

2013-01-01

461

MODELING OF AN UNMANNED SIX-WHEELED SKID-STEERED HYBRID-ELECTRIC MILITARY VEHICLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Army TACOM-TARDEC sponsored development of a high-fidelity six-degree-of-freedom vehicle model to simulate and evaluate the performance of unmanned hybrid-electric military vehicles designed for autonomous operations. The vehicle model is a six-wheeled, skid-steered vehicle with a series hybrid-electric power system with in-hub drive motors linked to a diesel engine, Lithium Ion battery, and generator via extensive power and energy

David Milner; Jarrett Goodell; Mike Pozolo; Jason Ueda; Nancy Saxon

462

Ka-band coupled-cavity TWT amplifiers for military radar and commercial satellite communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ka-band coupled-cavity traveling wave tube amplifiers have been developed for military radar applications requiring high power, moderate bandwidth and light weight. The design features and measured performance characteristics of these devices are presented. The technology advancements achieved in the radar programs are being leveraged to design Ka-band satellite communication amplifiers that surpass power limitations of existing solid state or helix

J. R. Legarra; P. E. Kolda; H. P. Freund; B. Levush

2002-01-01

463

Violent Video Games Recruit American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An expert on the sociology of video games highlights the power of this medium to popularize violence among children. But few are aware that some of the most technologically potent products are violent war games now being produced at taxpayer expense. These are provided free as a recruiting tool by the United States military. The author contends…

Lugo, William

2006-01-01

464

16. Photocopy of a photograph1921 EASTSIDE POWER PLANT LOOKING NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 EASTSIDE POWER PLANT LOOKING NORTH - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

465

2. Photocopy of a photograph1921 VIEW OF ALL THREE POWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 VIEW OF ALL THREE POWER PLANTS FROM THE SOUTH - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

466

Military Operations: The Harmful Effects of Hubris Influenced Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military failures resulting from the fatal flaw of hubris have the potential for significant lost national treasure and blood. From a combatant commander's perspective, a military leader driven by the dangerous illusion of personal grandeur, arrogance, an...

S. E. Smith

2013-01-01

467

Military Families with Chronically III Children: A Needs Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military families with chronically ill children experience not only the stressors of caring for their chronically ill child, but must also contend with the rigors of military life. Stressors involved in caring for a chronically ill child include continuou...

S. D. Morgan

1995-01-01

468

Salafist Road to Sahelistan and Military-Centric International Response.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the January 2012 combined Tuareg-Jihadist offensive and the March 2012 military coup, the international community had been elaborating a gradual and comprehensive response to the political, military and humanitarian aspects of the Malian crisis. In ...

M. D. Mboup

2013-01-01

469

Military vs. Business Leadership: Suggestions from Career Description Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Comparisons of military and business leadership may be useful if carefully conducted. The data presented in this paper could have been misused to show that military and business leaders were alike. A more correct comparison is presented and suggestions ab...

D. D. Van Fleet T. O. Peterson

1992-01-01

470

Military Geography-Canvas of the Operational Planner.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph provides a definition of military geography as it relates to the application of operational art, and a recommended framework for the assessment of the influence of military geography in operational planning. Its focus is the theoretical and...

J. W. DeLony

1989-01-01

471

Maternal Identity Formation in a Military Sample: A Longitudinal Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The individual growth curve perspective provided the foundation for a developmental framework of maternal identity formation and attainment in a military sample. Data from a military study of pregnancy adaptation to birth outcomes provided data for an inv...

K. L. Weis

2006-01-01

472

Living Military System On The Verge of Annihilation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The explanation to the phenomenon of how a military unit, which seemingly on the verge of annihilation, still manages to survive and fight effectively, lies in the understanding that a military organization is a living system. Recognizing the parallels be...

M. A. Abb

2000-01-01

473

Military Standard, Infrared Terms and Definitions. Part Two.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The standard establishes definitions for the words, terms, symbols, units, and expressions peculiar to the general field of military infrared technology. This standard takes precedence over all radiometric terms and definitions found in existing military ...

1971-01-01

474

Postpartum Maternal Weight Changes: Implications for Military Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Maintaining physical readiness to meet demands of combat conditions is of utmost importance for active duty military personnel. As growing numbers of women of childbearing age enter active duty military service, the numbers of pregnancies among female mil...

B. Abrams

1997-01-01

475

Postpartum Maternal Weight Changes: Implications for Military Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Maintaining physical readiness to meet demands of combat conditions is of utmost importance for active duty military personnel. As growing numbers of women of childbearing age enter active duty military service, the numbers of pregnancies among female mil...

B. Abrams

1998-01-01

476

Military Review. Volume 82, Number 2, March-April 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This issue of the Military Review contains the following articles: America's Army; Installation Antiterrorism Force-Protection Planning, The Anthrax Scare: Tips for Leaders; Military Leaders' Obligation to Justify Killing in War; Interview with General Jo...

2002-01-01

477

Inevitable Evolutions: Punctuated Equilibrium and the Revolution in Military Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) remains one of the most publicized, yet least understood, concepts among contemporary defense analysts. Too often, professional academic evaluation of military revolution is force- centric, neglecting the inherent ...

S. M. Leonard

2001-01-01

478

Intrinsic Motivation in the Military: Models and Strategic Importance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report, prepared for the Eighth Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation, intrinsic task motivation is related to self-management, a set of problem solving behaviors corresponding to the requirements specified for twenty-first century military ...

K. Thomas E. Jansen

1996-01-01

479

Fatigue in Military Operational Environments: An Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research involving sleep and fatigue in military operations has been conducted for many years. Indeed, following nearly every major military engagement or conflict, reports are published which detail the effects of sleep deprivation on human performance. ...

L. G. Shattuck N. L. Miller P. Matsangas

2007-01-01

480

United States Military Strategy in the Persian Gulf.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security inte...

E. E. Whitehead

1989-01-01

481

Military Aerospace Hydraulic Fluids Workshop Proceedings (on CD-ROM).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Military Aerospace Hydraulic Fluids Workshop was presented by the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory in order to disseminate information about military hydraulic fluid changes and related issues. There were th...

2000-01-01

482

To Tell the Truth: The Challenge of Military Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The story of Regulus, while certainly apocryphal, nevertheless illustrates a fundamental tension of military leadership -- the moral imperative for military leaders to tell the truth, even when that truth has dire consequences for the teller. In our study...

J. R. Henderson

1998-01-01

483

New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

Schaff, N.

2010-08-01

484

Performance Assessment of Military Teams in Simulator and Live Exercises.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to present and evaluate a tool designed to assess the performance of military teams participating in complex military training exercises and to investigate the effectiveness of simulator training and live training from the mat...

F. V. Mjelde

2013-01-01

485

Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military Reservation, USACOE, 20 July 1948 - Fort Custer Military Reservation, Bounded by Territorial, Dickman, & Longman Roads & Route 94 Business, Battle Creek, Calhoun County, MI

486

Military Leader's Role in Psychological Support during Deployment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Slovak armed forces (SAF) have taken taking part in Modern Military operations (NATO / UN peace keeping mission) since 1993. However SAF newer participated in so extremely dangerous and life threatening military operation, Slovak soldiers continuously ful...

O. Novosad

2006-01-01

487

Family violence in the military: a review of the literature.  

PubMed

Family violence, including both child maltreatment and spouse abuse, is a public health concern in both military and civilian populations. However, there is limited knowledge concerning violence in military families relative to civilian families. This literature review critically reviews studies that examine child maltreatment and spouse abuse among military families and compares family violence in military versus nonmilitary populations. Physical abuse and neglect compose the majority of the reported and substantiated cases of child maltreatment in military families, followed by sexual abuse and emotional abuse. On the other hand, physical abuse represents more than 90% of all substantiated cases of spouse abuse in military families, followed by emotional abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse. Mixed results were found when comparing military and nonmilitary families in terms of child maltreatment and spouse abuse, in part because of a lack of consistency in policies and practices between military and civilian agencies. PMID:16534146

Rentz, E Danielle; Martin, Sandra L; Gibbs, Deborah A; Clinton-Sherrod, Monique; Hardison, Jennifer; Marshall, Stephen W

2006-04-01

488

Impact of Father Absence on Psychopathology of Military Dependent Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The problem of the study was to investigate the influence of father absence on the diagnosed psychopathology of military dependent children. The purpose of the study was to analyze data obtained from military medical center records for dependent children ...

T. M. Grant

1988-01-01

489

Rise of Robots and the Implications for Military Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis explores the reasons for the inevitability of the extensive use of robots in military organizations, projects the adoption timeframe for robots in military organizations, proposes how robots might evolve, assesses the impact of robots on milit...

Z. Lim

2013-01-01

490

Private Military Industry Analysis: Private and Public Companies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the end of the Cold War, the Private Military Industry has skyrocketed. This study gathers, compiles and examines demographic and financial information on 585 private and public companies that operate in the Private Military Industry. The demographi...

I. C. Dunar I. D. Robbins J. L. Mitchell

2007-01-01

491

38 CFR 7.2 - Certification of military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Certification of military service. 7.2 Section 7.2 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT...and Sailors' Civil Relief Act Amendments of 1942 § 7.2 Certification of military service. (a)...

2009-07-01

492

Power Projection: Making the Tough Choices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study concludes airpower will play an increasingly dominant role in future US contingency responses. Power projection is defined as the finite application of military power by national command authority to achieve discrete political ends outside the ...

M. A. Gunzinger

1993-01-01

493

Congressional-Military Relations During Periods of Demobilization: Strategic Challenges for Strategic Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Periods of demobilization in the US military often follow great military victories. The nation's leaders, quick to return to peace and prosperity, find large military forces are too resource intensive, given domestic demands. Competition between military ...

L. S. Lingamfelter

1997-01-01

494

Enhancing Mental Readiness in Military Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

With psychological injuries accounting for between 10-50% of operational casualties, there is consistent evidence that adequate psychological preparation for deployments is a vital operational requisite. Beyond the psychological costs to soldiers, empirical results also indicate that the stressors found in military contexts can contribute to errors in judgement and performance, reducing operational effectiveness. Thus, the development of training programs that

Megan M. Thompson; Donald R. McCreary

495

A mushroom lectin from ascomycete Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mushroom lectin has been purified from ascomycete Cordyceps militaris, which is one of the most popular mushrooms in eastern Asia used as a nutraceutical and in traditional Chinese medicine. This lectin, designated CML, exhibited hemagglutination activity in mouse and rat erythrocytes, but not in human ABO erythrocytes. SDS-PAGE of CML revealed a single band with a molecular mass of

Eui Cha Jung; Ki Don Kim; Chan Hyung Bae; Ju Cheol Kim; Dae Kyong Kim; Ha Hyung Kim

2007-01-01

496

Tropical skin diseases in British military personnel.  

PubMed

Skin complaints are common in travellers to foreign countries and are responsible for up to 25% of medical consultations by military personnel during deployments in the tropics. They also have relatively high rates of field hospital admission, medical evacuation and referral to UK Role 4 healthcare facilities. Non-infectious tropical skin diseases include sunburn, heat rash, arthropod bites, venomous bites, contact dermatitis and phytophotodermatitis. During tropical deployments skin infections that commonly occur in military personnel may become more frequent, severe and difficult to treat. Several systemic tropical infections have cutaneous features that can be useful in making early diagnoses. Tropical skin infections such as cutaneous larva migrans, cutaneous myiasis, cutaneous leishmaniasis and leprosy do occur in British troops and require specialist clinical management. This illustrated review focuses on the most significant tropical skin diseases that have occurred in British military personnel in recent years. Clinical management of these conditions on deployments would be improved and medical evacuations could be reduced if a military dermatology 'reach-back' service (including a telemedicine facility) was available. PMID:24109145

Bailey, Mark S

2013-09-01

497

Leading Change: Military Leadership in Civilian Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military leaders are often assigned to largely civilian organizations, for the first time, late in their careers. Once there, they may see a need for change or are directed to make change in these organizations. They assume that they can apply all the sam...

R. C. Wittig

2012-01-01

498

Fungal Susceptibility of Military Paint Formulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Eleven Military paint formulations on metal panels were evaluated for fungal susceptibity before and after weathering and leaching. TT-E-527 and TT-E-529 (olive drab) and MIL-E-52798A (forest green camouflage) formulations supported moderate fungal growth...

A. M. Kaplan B. J. Wiley D. L. Kaplan M. Greenberger

1982-01-01

499

Vicksburg National Military Park Cultural Landscape Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vicksburg National Military Park was established on February 21, 1899, to commemorate the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and to preserve the history of the battles and operations of the siege and defense on the ground where they w...

2009-01-01

500

Military Family and the Health Care System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This chapter reviews the scientific literature on the role of the family in health promotion, self/family care, social support, health care utilization, and recovery. Although it is clear that military families have a direct impact on the demand for healt...

D. S. Nice

1993-01-01