These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Satellite Power System (SPS) military implications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The military implications of the reference satellite power system (SPS) were examined is well as important military related study tasks. Primary areas of investigation were the potential of the SPS as a weapon, for supporting U.S. military preparedness, and for affecting international relations. In addition, the SPS's relative vulnerability to overt military action, terrorist attacks, and sabotage was considered.

Bain, C. N.

1978-01-01

2

Satellite Power System (SPS) military applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS) is examined. A number of potential military support possibilities are described. An SPS with military capabilities may have a strong negative impact on international relations if it is not internationalized. The SPS satellite would be vulnerable to military action of an enemy with good space capability, but would experience little or no threat from saboteurs or terrorists, except via the ground controls. The paper concludes with an outline of some of the key issues involved, and a number of recommendations for future study, including some areas for long term efforts.

Ozeroff, M. J.

1978-01-01

3

Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains to…

Beyer, C. Kalani

2009-01-01

4

Hybrid power technology for remote military facilities  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Defense (DoD) operates hundreds of test, evaluation, and training facilities across the US and abroad. Due to the nature of their missions, these facilities are often remote and isolated from the utility grid. The preferred choice for power at these facilities has historically been manned diesel generators. The DoD Photovoltaic Review Committee, estimates that on the order of 350 million gallons of diesel fuel is burned each year to generate the 2000 GWh of electricity required to operate these remote military facilities. Other federal agencies, including the National Park Service and the USDA Forest Service use diesel generators for remote power needs as well. The generation of power diesel generators is both expensive and detrimental to the environment. The augmentation of power from diesel generators with power processing and battery energy storage enhances the efficiency and utilization of the generator resulting in lower fuel consumption and lower generator run- time in proportion to the amount of renewables added. The hybrid technology can both reduce the cost of power and reduce environmental degradation at remote DoD facilities. This paper describes the expected performance and economics of photovoltaic/diesel hybrid systems. Capabilities and status of systems now being installed at DoD facilities are presented along with financing mechanisms available within DoD.

Chapman, R.N.

1996-09-01

5

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917  

E-print Network

"A Paranoid State" examines the influence of middle to upper class anxieties through military intelligence officers' investigations of the American public in the First World War. Products of their past, Military Intelligence Department officers...

Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

2012-05-31

6

17.952 Great Power Military Intervention, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

The purpose of this seminar is to examine systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions into civil wars during the 1990's. These civil wars were high on the policy agenda of western states ...

Posen, Barry

7

Modern military avionics power supplies a DFM challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

A complex military, avionic power supply was designed for the F-22 aircraft, supplying 5 independent outputs for critical aircraft systems. It was designed in a short schedule, was required to operate in extreme environments for an extended life, be lightweight, and be packaged in a standard single wide SEM-E format. Although difficult in itself, the real challenge was to design

W. D. Walker

1999-01-01

8

Digital simulation of regulated electrical power supplies for military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a generalized model for a regulated generator (for supplying power on board aircraft, military vehicles, or ships) which copes with the combined loading conditions likely to be encountered. The model is described in relation to an m-phase star-connected generator. The use of an additional but simple connection matrix is all that is necessary to enable the corresponding

V. V. Vadher; I. R. Smith

1985-01-01

9

Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies  

E-print Network

Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

DeVore, Marc Ronald

2009-01-01

10

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

11

"The American Soldier" Revisited: Race Relations and the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Re-examines the classic hypothesis that a relationship exists between racial contact and racial attitudes in the context of recent racial separatism in the military. Finds that the hypothesis coexists with a new divisive force: stronger separatist attitudes and reduced racial contacts on the part of younger Black soldiers. (Author/KC)

Butler, John Sibley; Wilson, Kenneth L.

1978-01-01

12

College of Arts and Sciences AMS American Military Studies  

E-print Network

, motivation and military instruction methods; and school of the soldier and exercise of command. Prereq: AMS 101, 102, graduate or undergraduate student (male or female), successful completion of basic course,organizationandmissionofcombatarmsunits;leadershipandtheexerciseofcommand.Prereq: AMS 101, 102, graduate or undergraduate student (male or female), successful completion of basic

MacAdam, Keith

13

A Composite Counterstorytelling: Memoirs of African American Military Students in Hawaii Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are social, educational and behavioral problems for African American students in Hawaii public schools. Utilizing Critical Race Theory as a lens for analysis, the perceptions and experiences of these students regarding race, ethnic identity, military lineage, and self-definition are addressed. A composite counterstory of the researcher's and…

Hairston, Kimetta R.

2010-01-01

14

To avert impending disaster: American military plans to use atomic weapons during the Korean War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though historians continue to argue about the role of American nuclear threats in producing an armistice in the Korean War, by 1953 the United States was moving closer to actually escalating the war with the employment of atomic bombs. While military studies and unsatisfactory exercises during the first two years of the conflict had relegated such weapons to a role

Conrad C. Crane

2000-01-01

15

The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations  

E-print Network

Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

Twomey, Christopher P

2005-01-01

16

Sea Power and American Interests in the Western Pacific  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many may consider sea power a key aspect of 19th century military strategy, the subject is still very much alive in the early 21st century. This recently published book from the RAND Corporation's David C. Gompert takes a close look into American sea power in the Western Pacific. The 216-page report is divided into six chapters, including "Technological Change," "Regional Maritime Security," and "U.S. and Chinese Interests and Sea Power in the Western Pacific." The report contains some interesting observations, including the comment that "The United States can exploit technology more boldly than it has previously to make its sea power less vulnerable by relying more on submarines, drones, and smaller, elusive, widely distributed strike platforms." Visitors can download the entire work, or they can click on the Key Findings tab to look over some of its basic conclusions. [KMG

Gompert, David C.

2013-04-26

17

"The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851  

E-print Network

in the antebellum South, including contributions of VMI to the region's burgeoning culture of violence. For example, in The Militant South, John Hope Franklin contends that Southern military schools of the antebellum period were outgrowths of a growing... the perceived threats to their honor while preparing for a possible conflict with the North or take action against potential slave uprisings. Franklin asserts that the schools' founders were "proud of the fact that in time of peace they had made formal...

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2001-01-01

18

Mental health of Asian American and Pacific Islander military veterans: brief review of an understudied group.  

PubMed

The mental health of American military soldiers and veterans is of widespread concern; yet, there has been no prior review of studies on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) veterans. This article provides a brief, but comprehensive review of the mental health of AAPI veterans. An exhaustive literature search was conducted using the major medical and mental health literature databases. Of 13 identified articles, nine were empirical studies on either post-traumatic stress disorder among AAPI Vietnam veterans or health functioning of AAPI veterans based on national veteran surveys. Findings from these studies showed that some AAPI veterans who served during the Vietnam War encountered racism from fellow soldiers and race-related stressors were associated with more severe post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. As a group, AAPI veterans were found to be physically healthier than other veterans, but reported poorer mental health and were less likely to use mental health services. However, these findings were limited by the paucity of studies on AAPI veterans and suggest a need for more research on this subpopulation. PMID:23198528

Tsai, Jack; Kong, Grace

2012-11-01

19

American forces network in the cold war: Military broadcasting in postwar Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the end of World War II, many U.S. troops in Germany remained to meet the new requirements of occupation. Staying with them was their own war?born radio network, the American Forces Network, Europe (AFN). Operating several powerful transmitters, AFN beamed news, information, popular music, and variety over a Western Europe otherwise bombarded by Cold War radio propaganda. This essay

R. Stephen Craig

1988-01-01

20

Strengthening Our Military Families  

MedlinePLUS

... to quality child care remains a focus of leadership and families across the Armed Forces. Military families ... an expert in military issues to make a difference. Every American can do something.” —Michelle Obama and ...

21

Civil-military relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no crisis in American civil-military relations if crisis means the kind of collision between civil and military authority that would breed a coup d'état or other manifestation of a breakdown of civilian control of the military, such as systematic and open disobedience of orders. But, to a remarkable degree, members of the Defense Task Force agreed that deep

Eliot A. Cohen

1997-01-01

22

"The Second American School of Arms": the class="hilite">Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851.  

E-print Network

??The class="hilite">Virginia Military Institute, along with other Southern military colleges, is almost always historically viewed within the context of their contributions during the Civil War.… (more)

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2012-01-01

23

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish–American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

24

American Radio Works: Power Trips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under rules enacted in 1995, members of Congress are effectively banned from accepting any gift worth more than $50, though as this latest investigative radio series from the American RadioWorks team demonstrates, it would appear that members of the House or Senate are still taking many trips at no cost. Working in tandem with a group of graduate students at Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism, the team catalogued every privately sponsored trip taken by members of Congress since 2000. They discovered that more than $14 million was spent by universities, corporations, and other groups to take these influential persons to a variety of meetings, presentations, and other functions. On this site, visitors can listen to the complete radio presentation, along with obtaining information about how much their own representatives travel and who accepts the most money in trips. Overall, this site is quite informative and more than a bit provocative.

25

Freedom of Expression in the American Military: A Communication Modeling Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study used a communication perspective to examine the extent to which the civilian/military First Amendment dichotomy is warranted and to add to First Amendment theory the subject of the First Amendment rights of servicemembers. The study was limited to the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and association. It did not include…

Packer, Cathy

26

Military Authority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article looks at how…

Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

2001-01-01

27

Black American Radicalism and the First World War: The Secret Files of the Military Intelligence Division  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the National Archives released previously classified material regarding U.S. Army surveillance of African-Americans from 1917 to 1941. The documents relate primarily to the First World War and the immediate post-war years. U.S. Army surveillance of American citizens is not an especially startling revelation; however, what is remarkable is the fact that a principal officer charged with \\

Wray R. Johnson

1999-01-01

28

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Construction Electrician/Power and Communications Cable Splicing, 5-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum outline, instructor's guide, and student's guide for a secondary-postsecondary-level course in construction electrician/power and communications cable splicing are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages developed for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

29

Vaccines for military use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccines have long been used by military forces in order to prevent communicable diseases and thereby preserve the fighting force. A tradition that began with the mass vaccination of the Continental Army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution in the late 18th century continues today with routine and deployment-based vaccination of military forces against potential pathogens of

Andrew. W. Artenstein

2009-01-01

30

Annual Report to Congress on the Military Power of the People's Republic of China  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on June 22, this report was published by the Secretary of Defense in response to the FY2000 National Defense Authorization Act, which required a report "on the current and future military strategy of the People's Republic of China." Placed online in HTML format, the report addresses three main topics: China's grand strategy, security strategy, and military strategy; developments in China's military doctrine and force structure; and the security situation in the Taiwan Strait.

31

Uplifting Manhood to Wonderful Heights? News Coverage of the Human Costs of Military Conflict from  

E-print Network

World War I to Gulf War Two Scott L. Althaus,a Nathaniel Swigger,b Svitlana Chernykh,c David J. Hendry of American military power around the world. Although the dynamics of war support are thought to reflect. "Uplifting Manhood to Wonderful Heights? News Coverage of the Human Costs of Military Conflict From World War

Bashir, Rashid

32

75 FR 16094 - Upper Peninsula Power Company; North American Hydro Holdings, LLC; Notice of Application for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Upper Peninsula Power Company; North American Hydro Holdings, LLC...Upper Peninsula Power Company (transferor...North American Hydro Holdings, LLC...Upper Peninsula Power Company, 700 N...North American Hydro Holdings,...

2010-03-31

33

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

34

Propulsion and Power Generation Capabilities of a Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) Fusion System for Future Military Aerospace Vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to perform a parametric evaluation of the performance and interface characteristics of a dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion system in support of a USAF advanced military aerospace vehicle concept study. This vehicle is an aerospace plane that combines clean ``aneutronic'' dense plasma focus (DPF) fusion power and propulsion technology, with advanced ``lifting body''-like airframe configurations utilizing air-breathing MHD propulsion and power technology within a reusable single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) vehicle. The applied approach was to evaluate the fusion system details (geometry, power, T/W, system mass, etc.) of a baseline p-11B DPF propulsion device with Q = 3.0 and thruster efficiency, ?prop = 90% for a range of thrust, Isp and capacitor specific energy values. The baseline details were then kept constant and the values of Q and ?prop were varied to evaluate excess power generation for communication systems, pulsed-train plasmoid weapons, ultrahigh-power lasers, and gravity devices. Thrust values were varied between 100 kN and 1,000 kN with Isp of 1,500 s and 2,000 s, while capacitor specific energy was varied from 1 - 15 kJ/kg. Q was varied from 3.0 to 6.0, resulting in gigawatts of excess power. Thruster efficiency was varied from 0.9 to 1.0, resulting in hundreds of megawatts of excess power. Resulting system masses were on the order of 10's to 100's of metric tons with thrust-to-weight ratios ranging from 2.1 to 44.1, depending on capacitor specific energy. Such a high thrust/high Isp system with a high power generation capability would allow military versatility in sub-orbital space, as early as 2025, and beyond as early as 2050. This paper presents the results that coincide with a total system mass between 15 and 20 metric tons.

Knecht, Sean D.; Thomas, Robert E.; Mead, Franklin B.; Miley, George H.; Froning, David

2006-01-01

35

American Electric Power's Project Probe-enhancing power engineering education through industrial-academic cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Probe is an annual summer intern program offered by American Electric Power (AEP) to provide qualified engineering students a meaningful educational experience in power generation and utility operation. The program fosters communication and cooperation between academia and the power industry, enhances the education of future engineers, and supports engineering faculty while it enlightens students and faculty about the power

David J. Bayless; Richard I. Pawliger

1997-01-01

36

American lifelines alliance efforts to improve electric power transmission reliability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A study was performed on American Lifelines Alliance (ALA) efforts to improve electric power transmission reliability. ALA is a public-private partnership project, with the goal of reducing risks to lifelines from natural hazards and human threat events. The mechanism used by ALA for developing national guidelines for lifeline systems is dependent upon using existing Standards Developing Organizations (SDO) accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as means to achieve national consensus.

Nishenko, S.P.; Savage, W.U.; Honegger, D.G.; McLane, T.R.

2002-01-01

37

Casablanca Carlos American Electric Power Transmission Owner  

E-print Network

(Facilitator) Chantal PJM Interconnection Not Applicable Horstmann John Dayton Power & Light Company (The) Transmission Owner Issermoyer John PPL Electric Utilities Corp. dba PPL Utilities Transmission Owner

Pjm Interconnection Llc; Teleconference Webex Participants; Firstenergy Solutions; Corp Transmission Owner; Boltz Jeff; Firstenergy Solutions; Corp Transmission Owner; Fecho Thomas; Indiana Michigan; Power Company; Transmission Owner; Patten Kevin; Company Transmission Owner

2012-01-01

38

Explaining civil-military relations in Southeast Asia  

E-print Network

Civil-military relations describe the interactions and balance of power between the civilians and the military in a nation state. Due to the organizational apparatus and capacity for forcible coercion that the military ...

Kwok, Jia-Chuan

2010-01-01

39

The US military base network and contemporary colonialism: Power projection, resistance and the quest for operational unilateralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the contemporary global network of US military bases. This paper examines how the geography of this network is shaped not only by military objectives but also by resistance from allied governments and communities adjacent to bases. Using examples from Guam, Puerto Rico, Okinawa and other locales this paper examines how local resistances to US bases have caused

Sasha Davis

2011-01-01

40

The Adjustment of New Recruits to Military Life in the Chinese Army: The Longitudinal Predictive Power of MMPI-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present the findings of two studies analyzing new recruits' adjustment to army life in the Chinese military. In the first exploratory study, we developed a scale to measure new recruits' adjustment to military life, and found that new soldiers' adaptation could be divided into two distinct types: interpersonal…

Xiao, Lijun; Han, Jing; Han, Jian

2011-01-01

41

Military technology: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

William J. Perry

2004-01-01

42

Review of the State-of-the-Art in Power Electronics Suitable for 10-KW Military Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the technological opportunities of integrating power electronics-based inverters into a TEP system, primarily in the 10-kW size range. The proposed enhancement offers potential advantages in weight reduction, improved efficiency, better performance in a wider range of generator operating conditions, greater versatility and adaptability, and adequate reliability. In order to obtain strong assurance of the availability of inverters that meet required performance and reliability levels, a market survey was performed. The survey obtained positive responses from several manufacturers in the motor drive and distributed generation industries. This study also includes technology reviews and assessments relating to circuit topologies, reliability issues, vulnerability to pulses of electromagnetic energy, potential improvements in semiconductor materials, and potential performance improvement through cryogenics.

Staunton, R.H.

2003-12-19

43

CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000  

E-print Network

-Volunteer Military in the United States," The Journal of Economic Perspectives 15, no. 2 (2001). 25 William T Bianco and Jamie Markham, "Vanishing Veterans: The Decline of Military Experience in the U.S. Congress," in Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil... Laura L. Miller and John Allen Williams, "Do Military Policies on Gender and Sexuality Undermine Combat Effectiveness?," in Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security, ed. P Feaver and RH Kohn (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT...

Lee, Byeonggu

2010-01-01

44

The Racial History of the U.S. Military Academies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the history of the entry of African American students and faculty into the nation's prestigious military institutions: the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, and the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Notes that the military's effort to diversify its troops and officer corps is a recent…

Hansen, Susan D.

1999-01-01

45

THE SCIENCE OF SHARING POWER: NATIVE AMERICAN THOUGHT AND BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native American cultures have, over thousands of years, identified cultural practices from which other cultural entities, behavior analysis included, may benefit. In this paper, the authors discuss confluences between the principle of shared power in Native American (particularly Pueblo) philosophy and contemporary behavior analysis. Intriguing and useful convergences were identified in the definition of power, recognition of connectedness and definitions

Christine T. Lowery

1999-01-01

46

American Cartographic Transformations during the Cold War  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great convergence of cartography, secrecy, and power occurred during the Cold War. In the American case, a complex series of interactions between secret and classified programs and institutions and their publicly accessible counterparts accomplished both traditional and novel objec- tives of military geographic intelligence. This process also yielded the World Geodetic System, a mass- centered \\

John Cloud

2002-01-01

47

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Military Families in 2014. Apply for Military Spouse Scholarships We want to help military spouses gain meaningful ... the ways we do this is by offering scholarships to spouses of all Uniformed Services. Apply Now! ...

48

Excerpt from Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (revised and updated edition)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the introduction to the revised and updated edition of Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, forthcoming 2008). The book challenges the dominant academic and popular approach to conspiracy theories, which views them as a paranoid, extremist expression of marginal groups and individuals that pathologically challenges the basic assumptions of American history

Mark Fenster

2008-01-01

49

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

50

AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER'S CONESVILLE POWER PLANT UNIT NO.5 CO2 CAPTURE RETROFIT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

ALSTOM Power Inc.'s Power Plant Laboratories (ALSTOM) has teamed with American Electric Power (AEP), ABB Lummus Global Inc. (ABB), the US Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL), and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) to conduct a comprehensive study evaluating the technical feasibility and economics of alternate CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration technologies applied to an existing US coal-fired electric generation power plant. The motivation for this study was to provide input to potential US electric utility actions concerning GHG emissions reduction. If the US decides to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions, action would need to be taken to address existing power plants. Although fuel switching from coal to natural gas may be one scenario, it will not necessarily be a sufficient measure and some form of CO{sub 2} capture for use or disposal may also be required. The output of this CO{sub 2} capture study will enhance the public's understanding of control options and influence decisions and actions by government, regulators, and power plant owners in considering the costs of reducing greenhouse gas CO{sub 2} emissions. The total work breakdown structure is encompassed within three major reports, namely: (1) Literature Survey, (2) AEP's Conesville Unit No.5 Retrofit Study, and (3) Bench-Scale Testing and CFD Evaluation. The report on the literature survey results was issued earlier by Bozzuto, et al. (2000). Reports entitled ''AEP's Conesville Unit No.5 Retrofit Study'' and ''Bench-Scale Testing and CFD Evaluation'' are provided as companion volumes, denoted Volumes I and II, respectively, of the final report. The work performed, results obtained, and conclusions and recommendations derived therefrom are summarized.

Carl R. Bozzuto; Nsakala ya Nsakala; Gregory N. Liljedahl; Mark Palkes; John L. Marion

2001-06-30

51

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

52

Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals  

E-print Network

artists Joe Fedderson (Colville Confederated Tribes), Rose Powhatan (Pamunkey), Jaune Quick-to-See Smith (Flathead Salish/Con- federated Salish and Kootenai Nation), Kay Walking Stick (Cherokee), and Carm Little Turtle (Apache... identity; discussions of contemporary Native American art history and criticism from interdisciplinary approaches that utilize Native American Studies, the humanities, and the social sciences to understand the evolution of indigenous art and culture...

Farris, Phoebe

2006-10-01

53

Education, Racism, and the Military: A Critical Race Theory Analysis of the GI Bill and Its Implications for African Americans in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of the Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944 (the GI Bill) on African Americans' quest for higher education. The central question guiding this study follows: Why has higher education been so elusive for African Americans? With reference to this question, the following sub-questions were addressed: (1) How can the…

Mencke, Bernadette Kristine Buchanan

2010-01-01

54

New Visions in Asian American Studies. Diversity, Community, Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays from the eighth national conference of the Association for Asian American Studies is organized into four sections: history and women's studies; social science; literature; and Hawaiian studies. The following papers are included: (1) "History and Women Studies" (Yung); (2) "From Old to New Plantations: Labor's Growing…

Ng, Franklin, Ed.; And Others

55

ADHD and the Military  

MedlinePLUS

ADHD and the Military Can't find what you're looking for? Our health information specialists are ... 800-233-4050 or online . Can Individuals with ADHD Join the Military? Finding accurate information about whether ...

56

Power Literacy and Second Generation Vietnamese American Male Experience: An Analysis of Race, Masculinity, and Whiteness in Three Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines, through the lenses of three second generation Vietnamese-American men, the socio-cultural contexts within which the Asian-American identity is constructed, knowledge is constructed, and the critical awareness of power dynamics are shaped. These are the contexts and structures within which Asian Americans participate in…

Koshino, Kako

2013-01-01

57

High-power diode lasers between 1.8?m and 3.0?m for military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last years high-power diode lasers in the wavelength window between 1.8?m and 3.0?m have demonstrated impressive characteristics in terms of output power, beam quality and efficiency. This facilitates the realization of compact and efficient light sources for use in the field of infrared countermeasures (IRCM), optically pumped semiconductor lasers emitting in the 2-4?m regime, low probability of intercept communication links, and trace gas analysis. The small size of a diode laser chip of typically less than a square millimeter allows for the fabrication of compact scalable laser modules with output powers of up to 140W. We will present results on MBE grown (AlGaIn)(AsSb) quantum-well diode laser single emitters and bars emitting between 1.8?m and 3.0?m. Different epitaxial and resonator designs have been investigated in cw and pulsed mode in order to meet industrial needs of high wall-plug and fiber-coupling efficiencies. More than 30% maximum wall-plug efficiency in cw operation for single emitters and laser bars has been reached together with output powers for single emitters of 2W (cw) and 9W (pulsed). The single emitters and bars are all suitable for fiber coupling. For a 1-bar module typical coupling efficiencies between 70% and 80% have been established for 400?m core fibers. In terms of output power, an AuSn soldered laser stack built of 10x 20% fill factor bars emitting at 1908nm, results in a record value of 140W at 58A in cw condition.

Hilzensauer, S.; Giesin, C.; Schleife, J.; Gilly, J.; Patterson, S.; Kelemen, M. T.

2013-10-01

58

Military Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

Military Risk Assessment: From Conventional Warfare to Counter Insurgency Operations C.W. Johnson 8 reserved. ISBN 978-0-85261-933-9 #12;Military Risk Assessment 3 Contents 1 An Introduction to Military Risk Management ............................................. 10 1.1 Risk Management Processes in MIL STD 882D

Williamson, John

59

Settler colonial power and the American Indian sovereignty movement: forms of domination, strategies of transformation.  

PubMed

The article extends the multi-institutional model of power and change through an analysis of the American Indian Sovereignty Movement. Drawing upon cultural models of the state, and articulating institutionalist conceptions of political opportunities and resources, the analysis demonstrates that this framework can be applied to challenges addressing the state as well as nonstate fields. The rational-legal diminishment of tribal rights, bureaucratic paternalism, commonsense views of tribes as racial/ethnic minorities, and the binary construction of American and Indian as oppositional identities diminished the appeal of "contentious" political action. Instead, to establish tribes' status as sovereign nations, tribal leaders aggressively enacted infrastructural power, transposed favorable legal rulings across social fields to legitimize sovereignty discourses, and promoted a pragmatic coexistence with state and local governments. Identifying the United States as a settler colonial society, the study suggests that a decolonizing framework is more apt than racial/ethnicity approaches in conceptualizing the struggle of American Indians. PMID:22594118

Steinman, Erich

2012-01-01

60

Safety of Maximal Power, Strength, and Endurance Testing in Older African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated blood pressure (BP) response, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and rate of injury and muscle soreness associated with maximal muscle power, strength, and endurance testing in 19 sedentary African American women 44-68 years of age. Tests included the medicine ball put, a modified Wingate bicycle test, the bench press, and the squat press. Blood pressure and RPE

KENT J. ADAMS; ANN M. SWANK; KERRY L. BARNARD; JOE M. BERNING; PATRICIA G. SEVENE-ADAMS

2000-01-01

61

Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the American Power Act of 2010  

EIA Publications

This report responds to a request from Senators Kerry, Graham, and Lieberman for an analysis of the American Power Act of 2010 (APA). APA, as released by Senators Kerry and Lieberman on May 12, 2010, regulates emissions of greenhouse gases through market-based mechanisms, efficiency programs, and other economic incentives.

2010-01-01

62

400Cycle Inverters for Military Aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain equipment on modern military aircraft requires a-c power with a high standard of quality. Good wave shape, very small voltage variations, fairly close frequency range, freedom from radio-noise interference, and reliability over a wide range of operating conditions are required of the power supply. A review of the authors' experiences in design and development of such power supplies is

C. P. Hayes; L. L. Ray

1945-01-01

63

ABS Rules for Integrated Power Systems (IPS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will provide an overview of the american bureau of shipping (ABS) rules and for integrated power systems (IPS). The paper will include a review and comparison of the key requirements from the ABS steel vessel rules (for commercial ships) and the ABS naval vessel rules (for military ships) for integrated electric propulsion systems. The paper will explain how

M. Roa

2009-01-01

64

"The Environment": Power, Pedagogy, and American Urban Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted observations in urban and suburban schools, arguing that critical theorists should more closely examine differential structural constraints on pedagogical choice. Urban teachers made pedagogic choices that reinforced social hierarchies (partly to help students manage urban environmental risks). Changing the role of power in urban public…

Hayward, Clarissa

1999-01-01

65

American Industries. Junior Hi. Pre-Vocational. Power and Transportation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several intermediate performance objectives and corresponding criterion measures are listed for each of 10 terminal objectives in this junior high school power and transportation course guide. Each objective also includes learning steps and suggestions for supplementary instructional aids. The overall focus is on the concepts of industrial…

Goldsbury, Paul; And Others

66

Capping Environmental Liability: The Case of North American Nuclear Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

The liability of operators of nuclear power stations for off-site damage done by accidents is capped by the Price-Anderson Act in the U.S. and the Nuclear Liability Act in Canada. Such capping constitutes a subsidy to nuclear vis-á-vis other sources of energy. We report the results of analyses aimed to estimate the size of that implicit subsidy. The Geneva Papers

Anthony Heyes; Catherine Liston-Heyes

2000-01-01

67

World War II Military Situation Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maps have been integral to military conflicts and warfare since time immemorial, and many of these documents are highly prized by collectors and military historians. The American Memory Project at the Library of Congress recently created this fine digital collection of World War II situation maps from the years 1944 and 1945. Beginning with the D-Day Invasion, the maps provide information about troop positions throughout Western Europe, along with important graphical representations of various landmarks within the military landscape. Visitors can browse through the collection by title, creator, subject, place, or date. Perhaps the finest part of the site is an interactive essay that takes users through the Battle of the Bulge with a series of maps and some brief commentaries.

68

North American Power Symposium NAPS, Cleveland, Ohio, October 1998, pp. 294 299. Fundamental Frequency Model of Uni ed Power Flow Controller  

E-print Network

North American Power Symposium NAPS, Cleveland, Ohio, October 1998, pp. 294 299. Fundamental Frequency Model of Uni ed Power Flow Controller Edvina Uzunovic Claudio A. Ca~nizares John Reeve University and modeling technique used to rep- resent a Uni ed Power Flow Controller UPFC are presented in this paper

Cañizares, Claudio A.

69

China's military reforms: International and domestic implications  

SciTech Connect

China's reform policies during the past decade have resulted in the reorganization of economic and political structures and have led to a dramatic reorientation of the nation's foreign policy. These reforms have especially influenced China's military establishment, which is now in a period of major transition. What new paradigm is replacing the old Maoist model of People's War, however, is not clear. This book examines what China's military modernization means for the global and regional balance of power and for China's internal political-economic system. Specific chapters focus on changes in Chinese strategy and doctrine, developments in defense industries and military procurement, China's acquisition of foreign technology, its military education system, and its nuclear weapons program.

Lovejoy, C.D. Jr.; Watson, B.W.

1986-01-01

70

Translating Sexual Assault Prevention from a College Campus to a United States Military Installation: Piloting the Know-Your-Power Bystander Social Marketing Campaign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a…

Potter, Sharyn J.; Stapleton, Jane G.

2012-01-01

71

Asian American and Pacific Islander Military Veterans in the United States: Health Service Use and Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We (1) compared use of various health services nationally between Asian American and Pacific Islander (AA/PI) veterans and veterans of other racial/ethnic groups and (2) specifically compared perceived barriers and stigma related to mental health services. Methods. Using bivariate and multivariable statistics, we analyzed a population-weighted sample of 8315 veterans from the 2010 National Survey of Veterans and a random sample of 567 recent veterans from Hawaii. Results. A total of 1.5% of veterans were AA/PI compared with 0.4% a decade ago. Compared with other veterans, AA/PI veterans reported higher socioeconomic status and better mental health, although these findings may be specific to AA veterans. Adjusting for sociodemographic and health differences, we found no differences in health service use or perceived barriers or stigma related to mental health services. Conclusions. AA/PIs are a small but fast-growing racial/ethnic group within the veteran population that deserves attention. Although veteran status may be protective against some barriers to mental health care found in the general AA/PI population, efforts to reduce barriers to health care among veterans should be continued. PMID:25100419

Whealin, Julia M.; Pietrzak, Robert H.

2014-01-01

72

Racism and Power: Arizona Politicians' Use of the Discourse of Anti-Americanism against Mexican American Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses a legislation that would effectively terminate Mexican American Studies programs in k-12 was passed in Arizona in 2010. In this article, the author traces how this legislation drew from discourses of anti-Americanism and wickedness initiated by the state's superintendent of public instruction against Mexican American Studies…

Orozco, Richard A.

2012-01-01

73

Mental Health: Military  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Mental Health > People > Military Let's Talk Facts Brochures Healthy Minds, Healthy Lives Blog Key Topics Finding help Caregivers Suicide ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

74

Military Expenditure % of GDP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

75

Veterans and Military Health  

MedlinePLUS

Military service members and veterans face some different health issues than civilians. During combat, the main health concerns are life-threatening injuries. These include Shrapnel and gunshot wounds Lost ...

76

Translating sexual assault prevention from a college campus to a United States military installation: piloting the know-your-power bystander social marketing campaign.  

PubMed

One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a major public health problem in the United States, and because of the similarities in the age group of college and military populations, the problems regarding sexual violence in both constituencies have been well-documented. In the current pilot study we seek to add to both current knowledge about and promising practices of translating prevention strategies from one target audience to another. We describe how we translated, administered, and evaluated a bystander intervention social marketing campaign focused on sexual assault prevention that had been found to significantly affect attitude change on a college campus for a U.S. Army installation in Europe. In addition to demonstrating the process of translating prevention strategies across target audiences, findings from this pilot study contribute to the evaluation data on the effectiveness of sexual violence prevention strategies implemented with members of the U.S. Military. From our analysis, we see that research participants indicate that the degree to which the images resonate with them and the familiarity of the context (i.e., social self-identification) significantly effect the participants' personal responsibility for reducing sexual assault, confidence in acting as a bystander, and reported engagement as a bystander. PMID:22080576

Potter, Sharyn J; Stapleton, Jane G

2012-05-01

77

ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security  

ScienceCinema

The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

2014-03-13

78

ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

2014-02-24

79

Comparing the Topological and Electrical Structure of the North American Electric Power Infrastructure  

E-print Network

The topological (graph) structure of complex networks often provides valuable information about the performance and vulnerability of the network. However, there are multiple ways to represent a given network as a graph. Electric power transmission and distribution networks have a topological structure that is straightforward to represent and analyze as a graph. However, simple graph models neglect the comprehensive connections between components that result from Ohm's and Kirchhoff's laws. This paper describes the structure of the three North American electric power interconnections, from the perspective of both topological and electrical connectivity. We compare the simple topology of these networks with that of random (Erdos, 1959), preferential-attachment (Barabasi,1999) and small-world (Watts, 1998) networks of equivalent sizes and find that power grids differ substantially from these abstract models in degree distribution, clustering, diameter and assortativity, and thus conclude that these topological f...

Cotilla-Sanchez, Eduardo; Barrows, Clayton; Blumsack, Seth

2011-01-01

80

Ethics and American Power: Speeches by Caspar W. Weinberger and George P. Shultz. Responses by Philip Geyelin, Smith Hempstone, Carl F. H. Henry, Thomas Molnar, Richard John Neuhaus, David D. Newsom, William V. O'Brien, Paul Seabury, Roger L. Shinn, Seymour Siegel, Edward Teller, Richard M. Nixon. Ethics and Public Policy Essay 59.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two cabinet secretaries address the problems of when and how the United States should use military power. Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger emphasizes the importance of prudence and restraint in the use of military force in chapter 1: "The Uses of Military Power." Secretary of State George P. Shultz stresses the vital importance of…

Lefever, Ernest W., Ed.

81

Military Careers: A Guide to Military Occupations and Selected Military Career Paths, 1992-1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was developed to help educators and youth learn about career opportunities in the military. It is a compendium of military occupational, training, and career information and is designed for use by students interested in the military. The first section, military occupations, contains descriptions of 197 enlisted and officer occupations.…

Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

82

Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.  

PubMed

The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30). PMID:24378502

Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

2014-02-01

83

Role of nuclear reactors in future military satellites  

SciTech Connect

Future military capabilities will be profoundly influenced by emerging Shuttle Era space technology. Regardless of the specific direction or content of tomorrow's military space program, it is clear that advanced space transportation systems, orbital support facilities, and large-capacity power subsystems will be needed to create the generally larger, more sophisticated military space systems of the future. This paper explores the critical role that space nuclear reactors should play in America's future space program and reviews the current state of nuclear reactor power plant technology. Space nuclear reactor technologies have the potential of satisfying power requirements ranging from 10 kW/sub (e)/ to 100 MW/sub (e)/.

Buden, D.; Angelo, J.A. Jr.

1982-01-01

84

The Military and Politics in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assumption of power by Ms. Benazir Bhutto after the November 1988 general elec tions marked the rehabilitation of civilian rule after a long spell of the military's direct and indirect rule in Pakistan. The top brass who assumed the command of the Army after the death of General Zia-ul-Haq have expressed their support for the Constitution and the elected

Hasan-Askari Rizvi

1991-01-01

85

Aerospace and military  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

1990-01-01

86

Military Veterans (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... Contact Us Site Search Search Military veterans Health care coverage options for military veterans If you're ... adult coverage rules are different from the Affordable Care Act’s version. TRICARE's young adult coverage option is ...

87

The role and rights of victims at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents:\\u000aThe American perspective on Nuremberg: a case of cascading ironies \\/ Raymond M Brown-- The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg: British perspectives \\/ David Cesarani-- The French perspective \\/ Herve? Ascensio-- The role of the Soviet Union in the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg \\/ Michael J Bazyler-- Das internationale milita?rtribunal von Nu?rnberg aus deutscher perspektive \\/ Albin Eser--

Sam Boris Garkawe

2006-01-01

88

American  

E-print Network

Obesity is linked to chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. 19 Women who are obese prior to pregnancy are at increased risk of developing gestational diabetes, pregnancy-related hypertension, preeclampsia, and labor complications; and their infants are at increased risk for neonatal death. 19,20,21 More than one-third (36.3 percent) of Oregon births in 2004 were to women who were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy. • Almost half (47.1 percent) of American Indian/Alaska Native women were overweight/obese prior to pregnancy. This percentage was significantly higher than that of white (36.0 percent) or Asian/ Pacific Islander (20.1 percent) women. • Asian/Pacific Islander women were significantly less likely than any other race/ethnic group to be overweight/obese before pregnancy (20.1 percent). Pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index (BMI), the ratio of a person’s height to weight before the woman became pregnant, is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. PRAMS calculates BMI from self-reported height and weight just before pregnancy. The BMI cut-off values specified by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1990 for women prior to pregnancy are as follows 22:

Pre-pregnancy Obesity

89

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-06-01

90

Global Military Conflict Simulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Global Military Conflict Simulator is an application that allows the unfolding of a large virtual war in real time, involving\\u000a hundreds of thousands of soldiers, with a virtual Earth serving as battlefield. The simulation attempts to achieve unprecedented\\u000a scale and scope by providing a global map, satellite imagery and elevation coverage through cloud computing, web mapping technologies,\\u000a providing a

Claudiu Tanase; Andreea Urzica

2009-01-01

91

Music Videos and Sexual Risk in African American Adolescent Girls: Gender, Power and the Need for Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Music videos contain sexual content often reflecting women as promiscuous, submissive, or passive. Few studies have examined gender- and sex-related attitudes in African American females, particularly across genres of music videos. Purpose: Using constructs from Cultivation Theory, Theory of Gender and Power and Social Cognitive…

Robillard, Alyssa

2012-01-01

92

Learning about Power through Service: Qualitative and Quantitative Assessments of a Service-Learning Approach to American Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars of public opinion and socialization have documented extensively the declining levels of political knowledge and the increasing levels of political apathy and individualism among young people. The purpose of this paper is to assess an American Government course's ability to affect young people's perceptions of power in the political system and their role as citizens through the use of

Elizabeth S. Smith

2006-01-01

93

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures  

E-print Network

North America under various policy and cost scenarios. Current renewable portfolio standards are shownHigh-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low for a sustainable future. In the United States, for example, the elec- tricity sector accounts for 41% of U

Kammen, Daniel M.

94

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures  

E-print Network

, and transmission capacity expansion for western North America under various policy and cost scenarios. CurrentHigh-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low to achieving greenhouse gas reductions that are needed for a sustainable future. In the United States

Kammen, Daniel M.

95

Why National Standards Won't Fix American Education: Misalignment of Power and Incentives. Backgrounder. No. 2413  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American education needs to be fixed, but national standards and testing are not the way to do it. The problems that need fixing are too deeply ingrained in the power and incentive structure of the public education system, and the renewed focus on national standards threatens to distract from the fundamental issues. Besides, federal control over…

Burke, Lindsey M.; Marshall, Jennifer A.

2010-01-01

96

The history of military cranioplasty.  

PubMed

There is evidence that the neurosurgical procedure of cranioplasty is as ancient as its better-known counterpart, trephination. With origins in pre-Incan Peru, cranioplasty remains an important reconstructive procedure for modern craniofacial surgery teams to master. Solutions to the often challenging problem of repairing skull defects continue to evolve to improve patient outcomes. Throughout recorded history, advances in cranioplasty have paralleled major military conflicts due to survivorship after trephination or decompressive craniectomy. Primitive skull coverings used in Peru were later replaced during the Middle Ages by grafts obtained in animals and humans. Improved survivorship secondary to advances in anesthesia and battlefield medicine during the Crimean War and the American Civil War allowed the use of tantalum and acrylic cranioplasty to evolve during World Wars I and II. In the modern era of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, greater survivorship after cranial injury due to improvements in protective armor, medical evacuation, and early "far-forward" neurosurgical treatment have occurred. Consequently, the last decade has seen great advancement in cranial defect reconstruction, including custom-fabricated alloplast implants and the emergence of regenerative cranial treatments such as distraction osteogenesis, protected bone regeneration, and free tissue transfers. Comprehensive rehabilitation after neurotrauma has emerged as the new standard of care. PMID:24684330

Bonfield, Christopher M; Kumar, Anand R; Gerszten, Peter C

2014-04-01

97

High-voltage \\/ high-current pulse power for civil, commercial, research, and military test applications - part IV: pulse magnetic welding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quest for asserting Pulse-Power as the new industrial technology continues in this paper, describing the theory, test, and practice made towards creating viable processes where conventional means or production methods are replaced by pulse-power systems, with improved comercial results.

A. Izhar; Y. Livshiz; Oren Gafri

2007-01-01

98

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Investigation of Impedance Characteristics and Power  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Investigation of Impedance Characteristics-964 Copyright © 2010 by University of Florida. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., with permission. #12;American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 2 Rp = plasma

Roy, Subrata

99

Asian American Educational Attainment and Earning Power in Post-Racial America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief contextualizes the most recent data on mobility of Asian American students within the K to Ph.D. educational system in the new, so-called, colorblind post-racial America. Achievement data on Asian Americans are often presented in the same breath with Whites when compared to the academic achievement of African American, and…

Covarrubias, Alejandro; Liou, Daniel D.

2014-01-01

100

Slaves No More: The Caring Power of African-American Female Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author examines the historical significance of the cultural aspect of race on African American females' leadership values and styles that encourage caring in schools. The author focuses her study by asking: What aspects of their (African American female leaders) cultural backgrounds as Africans and as African Americans

Sernak, Kathleen S.

2004-01-01

101

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

102

Coming home revisited: family life and military deployment.  

PubMed

The war in Iraq and Afghanistan has involved the deployment of hundreds of thousands of American soldiers, many of whom are married and have children. The experience of one military family living through a deployment in Iraq in 2011 is discussed and interpreted in light of Parse's humanbecoming family model. The model provides a useful way for nurses, and others, to understand families, in a way that honors their values and struggles in an everchanging and unpredictable world. Included is a brief discussion on how communication technologies are changing the experience of military deployment for families. PMID:22753576

Baumann, Steven L; Smith, Donald G

2012-07-01

103

Application of health technology in humanitarian response: U.S. Military deployed health technology summit--a summary.  

PubMed

Disasters are unpredictable, occurring without notice. They have a devastating effect and forever change the people they affect. We have witnessed the devastation from several significant events in 2010 and 2011, including the horrendous earthquakes in Haiti, Chili, New Zealand, and Japan. In the Japanese earthquake, a tsunami caused significant destruction to property and, of special concern, nuclear power plants along the Pacific Ocean, which will likely have a lasting impact worldwide. In a number of these events, the U.S. Military is often called upon to provide some level of support to help in the immediate aftermath. In early 2010, a massive earthquake struck the island nation of Haiti. In the days that followed, there was a significant influx of help from both military and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Although the response was not coordinated in any significant way, there was, nevertheless, wide application of various technologies as never before. Aside for the need to respond rapidly and efficiently, the U.S. Military is especially interested in how to utilize technology in a better way both internally and with NGOs. In the fall of 2010, the U.S. Army's Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center partnered with the American Telemedicine Association to bring together a group of experts from industry, government, and academia to assess the challenges and opportunities for applying technologies not only in combat missions but for humanitarian response as well. This article summarizes the "U.S. Military Deployed Health Technology Summit" held on September 29, 2010, in Baltimore, Maryland, highlighting significant points. It presents a balance of capabilities across a broad spectrum of technologies and will help the U.S. Military in defining a roadmap for research and development to strengthen its ability to respond in future disasters and humanitarian events. PMID:21718116

Doarn, Charles R; Barrigan, Cynthia R; Poropatich, Ronald K

2011-01-01

104

Soviet Military Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the winter of 1991, thousands of items of Cold War paraphernalia found ready markets across the world, including the United States. High school and college students were now able to purchase the heavy wool jackets of Soviet and East German troops, and military buffs were able to acquire a number of patches, medals, and other items. The medals were often highly prized, and whether people understood the iconography and symbolism or not, they sought them out just the same. Fortunately for those interested in the wide world of Soviet military awards, there is this fine site which offers photographs and information about the various medals and their respective honors. With over 50 medals on the site, visitors can learn about the Order of October Revolution, the Pilot-Cosmonaut of USSR, and the rather curious Medal for Development of Virgin Lands, which commemorates the "young soviets" who relocated to Siberia, the Volga region, and northern Caucasus. For those whose interest is piqued by this material, there is also a newsletter that visitors can look through online.

105

Military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle

2011-12-01

106

Economic Conditions of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-01-01

107

INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS TO MILITARY PERSONNEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial chemical health threat to the US military is growing. The increasing threat is due both to the more frequent use of industrial chemicals and infrastructure as weapons of war and opportunity, and to recent military operations in urban and industrial environments where accidents or terrorism may cause large-scale chemical releases. Using traditional single-scenario modeling techniques, it is difficult

D. P. Bacon; R. M. Garrett; P. L. Liotta; D. E. Mays; T. E. Miller

2005-01-01

108

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2012-07-01

109

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2013-07-01

110

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

... 2014-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2014-07-01

111

78 FR 43796 - Indebtedness of Military Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR Part 513 Indebtedness of Military Personnel AGENCY: Department of the...concerning indebtedness of military personnel. The regulations are being...Part 112, ``Indebtedness of Military Personnel,'' and DoD Financial...

2013-07-22

112

Alone in the profession of arms: America's first three African American West Point graduates  

E-print Network

effectively as military commanders. In the late nineteenth century three exceptional African American men successfully challenged this notion. Henry Flipper, John Alexander and Charles Young became the first three black graduates of the U.S. Military Academy...

James, Jeremy Wayne

2009-05-15

113

HIV in military.  

PubMed

The House of Representatives approved a defense authorization bill that requires the Pentagon to discharge service members who test positive for HIV antibodies. This is the second measure of its kind. Last year, Rep. Robert K. Dornan (R-CA) pushed through Congress a similar measure that was repealed after encountering public opposition. President Clinton said he will veto the defense bill in its current form. The bill provides $13 billion in spending beyond the amount the Pentagon requested, resurrects plans for the Star Wars missile defense system, and rescinds Clinton's don't ask, don't tell policy toward gay men and lesbians in the military. Rep. Peter Torkildsen (R-MA) is confident that the HIV provision can be stricken when the bill goes to a House-Senate conference committee in a few weeks. PMID:11363494

1996-05-31

114

American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics Study Cylindrical Thruster Low Power Space scaling of magnetic circuit leaves almost no magnetic Copyright American Institute Aeronautics; American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics ability coaxial thrusters achieve performance moderate power

115

Exposure to risk and its impact on human capital : essays on combat exposure, military labor, and conflict duration  

E-print Network

This dissertation examines the impact of contemporaneous American participation in war on military labor and conflict duration. Chapter one uses variation in occupation-specific retention bonuses and mortality risks observed ...

Yankovich, Michael F

2013-01-01

116

Contact dermatitis in military personnel.  

PubMed

Military personnel encounter the same allergens and irritants as their civilian counterparts and are just as likely to develop contact dermatitis from common exposures encountered in everyday life. In addition, they face some unique exposures that can be difficult to avoid owing to their occupational duties. Contact dermatitis can be detrimental to a military member's career if he or she is unable to perform core duties or avoid the inciting substances. An uncontrolled contact dermatitis can result in the member's being placed on limited-duty (ie, nondeployable) status, needing a job or rate change, or separation from military service. We present some common causes of contact dermatitis in military personnel worldwide and some novel sources of contact dermatitis in this population that may not be intuitive. PMID:22653003

Dever, Tara T; Walters, Michelle; Jacob, Sharon

2011-01-01

117

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... among U.S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco use, and especially prescription drug abuse, ... heavy weekly drinking and binge drinking, to suffer alcohol- and other drug-related problems, and to have ...

118

Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is it like to be a military spouse? It can present some rather unique challenges including underemployment. This 111-page report by researchers Nelson Lim and David Schulker on underemployment among military spouses was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the work was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute. The work examines the extent and causes of underemployment among military spouses, and it also looks at their "look-alikes", who in this case happen to be a group of similar civilian wives. Their research indicates that military wives are much more likely not to be in the labor force, and they are also more likely to have relatively high levels of education for their jobs when compared to their civilian counterparts. Visitors will want to read over all seven chapters of the report, and they can also consult the indices, graphs, and helpful charts.

119

The Military and the Transition to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects…

Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R.

2010-01-01

120

[The cradle of military medicine].  

PubMed

The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. PMID:24738275

Tsygan, V N

2013-12-01

121

Civilian and Military Genetics: Nondiscrimination Policy in a Post-GINA World  

PubMed Central

Evidence is emerging of a growing societal consensus about appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic information. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 provides new legal protections to Americans by prohibiting the discriminatory use of genetic information by health insurers and employers. Additionally, the United States military recently created new policies for fair use of genetic information in the determination of benefits for servicemen and servicewomen leaving military service. Although critical issues remain, such as the potential for genetic information to be used to deny people other forms of insurance, and how the military will use genetic medicine overall, significant progress has been made. PMID:18940308

Baruch, Susannah; Hudson, Kathy

2008-01-01

122

1. Photocopy of a photographca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of a photograph--ca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROELECTRIC PLANTS - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

123

14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...military pilots: Special rules. ...military pilots: Special rules. ...military pilot qualifications, for: ...receiving flight training, may apply...undergraduate pilot training school and received a rating qualification as a...

2010-01-01

124

76 FR 6509 - Notice of Certification; Foreign Military Financing, and International Military Education and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly alleged...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly alleged...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly...

2011-02-04

125

Eliminating Health Disparities in the African American Population: The Interface of Culture, Gender, and Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the release of former Secretary Margaret Heckler’s Secretary’s Task Force Report on Black and Minority Health more than two decades ago, excess death from chronic diseases and other conditions between African Americans and Whites have increased. The conclusion of that report emphasized excess death and thus clinical care, paying little attention to the sociocultural environment and its effects on

Collins O. Airhihenbuwa; Leandris Liburd

2006-01-01

126

Assessing public opinion toward the military. Research report  

SciTech Connect

Opinions and attitudes of the US public toward its military have shifted over the years from strong admiration to fear and contempt. A number of historical and cultural events have helped shape public opinion. Although public opinion is not predicated solely on what happens in an historical and cultural sense, it should be analyzed and documented on the premise that public opinion affects national power, and those things which affect national power are within the realm of interest of the military and national government. A perhaps frightening aspect of the dynamics of shifting public opinion is the dynamics of shifting public opinion is the uncontrolled nature of the shifts and the resultant impact on national power. Also influencing public opinion are developments in weapons and military technology, the massive Soviet propaganda effort, and the mass communications media. This paper is written with the purpose of raising the level of awareness of military and national leaders to the threat to national power which, although lying subtly out of view because it does not pose and immediate threat to our security, nonetheless offers a formidable challenge now. A broad proposal would lay the foundation for proper research and development. (Author)

Foster, C.H.

1985-05-01

127

Strategy: Korea's Military Cyber Security Issues and Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

with rapid development of science and technology and the evolution of information revolution, International security environment is being reshaped. Important factors that determine national security competence—military operations, intelligence information on advanced weapons and enemy forces, economic activities that form the poles of national power, government's major systems—are exposed to hostile cyber attacks or accidental intrusions. Therefore, protecting information systems has

Tae-hoi Huh; Sangho Lee; Woo-Young Chang

2007-01-01

128

A novel impulse radio network for tactical military wireless communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two of the major concerns in tactical military wireless communication networks are covertness and throughput. Impulse radio is an ultra-wideband code division multiple access (UWB-CDMA) technique being considered as the physical layer for future networks. Impulse radio exhibits low power spectral density and relatively high immunity to fading but suffers from relatively long acquisition times. In traditional packet radio networks

Santosh S. Kolenchery; J. K. Townsend; J. A. Freebersyser

1998-01-01

129

When More Power Makes Actors Worse off: Turning a Profit in the American Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We propose a theory which predicts that an increase in an actor's relative power reduces the actor's rewards in high mutual dependence dyads. Our argument is based on the premise that higher relative power gives the more powerful actor a greater share of surplus, but it also reduces dyadic exchange frequency, which lowers the expected magnitude of…

Piskorski, Mikolaj Jan; Casciaro, Tiziana

2006-01-01

130

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota  

E-print Network

, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital status, disability, public assistance status, veteran status & her family impacted by her father's deployment? ii. Who provided assistance and support? How? 4, (individually or as a group) support or provide assistance to `suddenly military' youth and families? 1

Amin, S. Massoud

131

Affirmative Action in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans have fought in American conflicts since colonial days. The segregation practiced during the Civil War endured until abolished by President Truman in 1948. Since the all-volunteer force was established in 1973, the number of African American troops has risen; in 1991, they composed 28 percent of the Army and three-fifths of some combat units. Thus desegregation and affirmative

John Sibley Butler

1992-01-01

132

From market globalism to imperial globalism: Ideology and american power after 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

As capitalist liberalism reinvented itself in the last two decades, it drew largely on the ideas of nineteenth-century free-market philosophers. The Anglo-American framers of globalism spoke softly and persuasively as they sought to attract people worldwide to their vision of globalization as a leaderless, inevitable juggernaut that would ultimately engulf the entire world and produce democracy and material benefits for

Manfred B. Steger

2005-01-01

133

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes  

E-print Network

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb, in a censored version. On August 11, 1945, five days after the Allies dropped the first nuclear bomb on Japan physics and the history of radioactivity; a chronicle of the efforts to break down the atom by bombardment

Landweber, Laura

134

GPS survivability - A military overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The major features contributing to the military survivability of GPS during war are discussed. Possible threats to the various segments of GPS are examined, including the effects of attack, sabotage, and nuclear war. Consideration is given to applicable countermeasures to enable GPS to provide continuous service during war.

Burgess, Alan

135

Soviet military strategy in space  

SciTech Connect

This book examines the Soviet military space effort from its infancy in the 1950s to the spy craft and anti-satellite systems of today. It describes in detail the Soviet equivalents of the U.S. Star Wars program and explains technical and political issues in laymen's terms. A full text of major arms control agreements completes the volume.

Johnson, N.L.

1987-01-01

136

Military Science Chair and Professor  

E-print Network

in the active army, the army reserve, and the National Guard. Upon completion of the curriculum, students / Military Science 199 National Guard. To be considered for contracting into the advanced course, the student. Veterans. Veterans who have served on active duty or in the army reserve or National Guard are also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

137

The Caltech Political Military Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

Munger, E. S.; And Others

138

Atmospheric Stability Impacts on Power Curves of Tall Wind Turbines - An Analysis of a West Coast North American Wind Farm  

SciTech Connect

Tall wind turbines, with hub heights at 80 m or above, can extract large amounts of energy from the atmosphere because they are likely to encounter higher wind speeds, but they face challenges given the complex nature of wind flow and turbulence at these heights in the boundary layer. Depending on whether the boundary layer is stable, neutral, or convective, the mean wind speed, direction, and turbulence properties may vary greatly across the tall turbine swept area (40 to 120 m AGL). This variability can cause tall turbines to produce difference amounts of power during time periods with identical hub height wind speeds. Using meteorological and power generation data from a West Coast North American wind farm over a one-year period, our study synthesizes standard wind park observations, such as wind speed from turbine nacelles and sparse meteorological tower observations, with high-resolution profiles of wind speed and turbulence from a remote sensing platform, to quantify the impact of atmospheric stability on power output. We first compare approaches to defining atmospheric stability. The standard, limited, wind farm operations enable the calculation only of a wind shear exponent ({alpha}) or turbulence intensity (I{sub U}) from cup anemometers, while the presence at this wind farm of a SODAR enables the direct observation of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) throughout the turbine rotor disk. Additionally, a nearby research meteorological station provided observations of the Obukhov length, L, a direct measure of atmospheric stability. In general, the stability parameters {alpha}, I{sub U}, and TKE are in high agreement with the more physically-robust L, with TKE exhibiting the best agreement with L. Using these metrics, data periods are segregated by stability class to investigate power performance dependencies. Power output at this wind farm is highly correlated with atmospheric stability during the spring and summer months, while atmospheric stability exerts little impact on power output during the winter and autumn periods. During the spring and summer seasons, power output for a given wind speed was significantly higher during stable conditions and significantly lower during strongly convective conditions: power output differences approached 20% between stable and convective regimes. The dependency of stability on power output was apparent only when both turbulence and the shape of the wind speed profile were considered. Turbulence is one of the mechanisms by which atmospheric stability affects a turbine's power curve at this particular site, and measurements of turbulence can yield actionable insights into wind turbine behavior.

Wharton, S; Lundquist, J K

2010-02-22

139

Pilot Study to determine interest of adult civilian dependants of active duty military personnel in participation in a weight control program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Adult civilian dependents of active duty military personnel (ADMP) may play a central role in influencing the home food environment and the risk of overweight and obesity in American Warfighters and military families. However, there is no information on whether this group would be receptive to weigh...

140

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

141

59 FR- National Military Families Recognition Day, 1994  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Military Families Recognition Day Presidential Documents...National Military Families Recognition Day, 1994 By the President...Reserves. Military families face abrupt separations, moves...National Military Families Recognition Day.'' I call upon...

1994-11-08

142

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary...

2012-07-01

143

Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military

Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

2007-01-01

144

Evaluation of noise around military installations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Noise is one of the most common adverse environmental factors. Military bases and airports and the areas surrounding them are affected by acoustic impact. The problem of military noise is researched in this article. Since 2004 Šiauliai Airport has been the site of NATO forces’ base in the Baltic States for the protection of the region's airspace. Military aircraft are

Valentina Vilutien?; Gytautas Ignatavi?ius

2011-01-01

145

Deaths due to injury in the military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: More military personnel die of injuries each year than any other cause. This paper provides a basic epidemiologic description of injury deaths in the military.Methods: Using fatality data from the Department of Defense Directorate of Information and Operations Reports and population data from the Defense Manpower Data Center, death rates of men and women in the military services for

Kenneth E Powell; Lois A Fingerhut; Christine M Branche; Dennis M Perrotta

2000-01-01

146

Compulsive gambling and the changing military law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military courts have had to face the issue of compulsive gambling in criminal court-martial proceedings. The military recently switched from the liberal ALI definition of insanity to the much more stringent standards of the federal Insanity Defense Reform Act. However, military courts have not even allowed in expert testimony, holding the relevance of compulsive gambling has not been generally accepted

William S. Little; Fred S. Hecker

1988-01-01

147

49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Military personnel. 1503.407 Section 1503...Penalties by TSA § 1503.407 Military personnel. If a report made under...subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C....

2011-10-01

148

49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military personnel. 1503.407 Section 1503...Penalties by TSA § 1503.407 Military personnel. If a report made under...subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C....

2010-10-01

149

Suicide and the Military Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that U.S. military policies emphasize humanitarian approach to issue of suicide, yet military law may view suicidal behavior as deviant and may prosecute suicide attempters. Cites convictions of soldiers for attempted and assisted suicides. Reviews recent court decisions and suggests revisions in military law. (Author/NB)

Lande, Raymond G.

1992-01-01

150

Righteous realists: Perceptions of American power and responsibility in the nuclear age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a study of the moral and ethical dimensions of political realism in post-World War II America, especially in relation to realist thought on nuclear weapons issues. Emphasis is placed on evolving notions of power and responsibility as they form the basis for a realist philosophy of power in the nuclear age. It is argued that the realists developed

Rosenthal

1988-01-01

151

The effects of varying meteorological conditions on power production at a central North American wind farm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind energy is playing an increasing role around the world in providing power to electrical grids. It is important to both the provider and consumer of wind energy to maximize power generation yields. One way to improve these yields is to have a more complete understanding of meteorological conditions at wind farms. This study contains an analysis of farm yields

B. J. Vanderwende; J. K. Lundquist

2010-01-01

152

Do black-white racial disparities in breastfeeding persist in the military community?  

PubMed

We conduct a comparative analysis of breastfeeding behavior between military and civilian-affiliated mothers. Our focus is on African American mothers among whom breastfeeding rates are lowest. The military context may mitigate conditions associated with low breastfeeding prevalence by (a) providing stable employment and educational opportunities to populations who face an otherwise poor labor market and (b) providing universal healthcare that includes breastfeeding consultation. Using pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system (PRAMS) data for which we received special permission from each state to flag military affiliation, we analyze civilians and military affiliate in breastfeeding initiation using logistic regression and breastfeeding duration using Cox proportional hazard analysis. We find that breastfeeding is more prevalent among all women in the military setting and that the black-white gap in breastfeeding duration common among civilians is significantly reduced among military affiliates. Breastfeeding is a crucial component of maternal and child health and eliminating racial disparities in its prevalence is a public health priority. This study is the first to identify the military as an important institutional context that deserves closer examination to glean potential policy implications for civilian society. PMID:24894729

Lundquist, Jennifer; Xu, Zhun; Barfield, Wanda; Elo, Irma

2015-02-01

153

Tying the Yellow Ribbon: How School Psychologists and Educators Can Support Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tying a yellow ribbon around the tree in one's front yard or placing a magnet on one's car is more than just a show of support. It is a promise to American military around the world that one is ready and able to support them in their time of need just as they have supported the country. Educators, including school psychologists, are especially…

Anweiler, Justin

2008-01-01

154

American Armed Strength and Its Influence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two questions arise in dealing with this issue: (1) To what extent is our existing military power relevant? (2) What forms of power are needed to enable the United States to achieve its objectives? The process for developing a relevant military posture can best be described as a rational, iterative method involving the interaction of four elements: (1) policy objectives

Richard A. Yudkin

1969-01-01

155

The Web of science : power structure research of the American stem cell industry  

E-print Network

This thesis reviews the developments in the research of business power and social structure, particularly focusing on the phenomena of "inner circle" and "structural hole" and their underlying theories. Through a close ...

Wang, Lisheng, 1977-

2004-01-01

156

American Recovery & Reinvestment Act: Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Packs and Hydrogen Refueling for Lift Trucks  

SciTech Connect

HEB Grocery Company, Inc. (H-E-B) is a privately-held supermarket chain with 310 stores throughout Texas and northern Mexico. H-E-B converted 14 of its lift reach trucks to fuel cell power using Nuvera Fuel Cells’ PowerEdge™ units to verify the value proposition and environmental benefits associated with the technology. Issues associated with the increasing power requirements of the distribution center operation, along with high ambient temperature in the summer and other operating conditions (such as air quality and floor surface condition), surfaced opportunities for improving Nuvera’s PowerEdge fuel cell system design in high-throughput forklift environments. The project included on-site generation of hydrogen from a steam methane reformer, called PowerTap™ manufactured by Nuvera. The hydrogen was generated, compressed and stored in equipment located outside H-E-B’s facility, and provided to the forklifts by hydrogen dispensers located in high forklift traffic areas. The PowerEdge fuel cell units logged over 25,300 operating hours over the course of the two-year project period. The PowerTap hydrogen generator produced more than 11,100 kg of hydrogen over the same period. Hydrogen availability at the pump was 99.9%. H-E-B management has determined that fuel cell forklifts help alleviate several issues in its distribution centers, including truck operator downtime associated with battery changing, truck and battery maintenance costs, and reduction of grid electricity usage. Data collected from this initial installation demonstrated a 10% productivity improvement, which enabled H-E-B to make economic decisions on expanding the fleet of PowerEdge and PowerTap units in the fleet, which it plans to undertake upon successful demonstration of the new PowerEdge reach truck product. H-E-B has also expressed interst in other uses of hydrogen produced on site in the future, such as for APUs used in tractor trailers and refrigerated transport trucks in its fleet.

Block, Gus

2011-07-31

157

Tecumseh. The Story of an American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tecumseh, famed for his skills as an orator, warrior, military strategist, and leader of his Shawnee people, has been called one of the great American leaders. In 1812 he assembled 3,000 warriors from 32 American Indian tribes in an effort to save the Indian lands from the onslaught of the white soldiers and settlers. It was the largest Indian…

Schraff, Anne

158

Congressional Social Darwinism and the American Indian  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing a congressional report on civil and military treatment of American Indians, this article asserts that the social Darwinism of the day prevailed among all congressional committee members ("Even friends of the Indian... knew American expansionism, technology, and racial ideology would reduce the Indian to a pitiful remnant...) (JC)

Blinderman, Abraham

1978-01-01

159

Mexican-Americans in the Southwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 10 million Mexican Americans in the United States, 90% reside in the southwestern states of California, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Historically, the acquisition of Spanish speaking citizens by the U.S. has resulted from military conquest. Yet, Mexican Americans did not have a significant political voice until the high fatality…

Martinez, Reynaldo L.; And Others

160

AmericanRadioWorks: Power and Smoke: A Nation Built on Coal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States gets over half of its electricity from burning coal, and this tremendously important resource remains one of the nation's greatest assets. However, it is not an asset without problems, as the burning of coal has brought with it tremendous levels of air pollution and other problems. This latest radio documentary from the American RadioWorks group was produced by Catherine Winter, and it explores various aspects of coal production in the United States. The program also offers some historical perspective on the subject. The program can be listened to in its entirety here, or visitors can also download it for their own use. Along the way, visitors will hear from environmental history professor Joel Tarr, museum director Anne Madarasz, and smog museum director Don Pavelko.

161

Development of a modified Margaria-Kalamen anaerobic power test for American football athletes.  

PubMed

This study examined a modification of the Margaria-Kalamen test for football players. The football stair climb test (FST) protocol used in this study increased the vertical displacement (20 steps, 3.12 m) so that the mean best time for the test was 2.048 +/- 0.267 seconds. Fifty-eight Division I-A football players volunteered to participate (mean +/- SD age = 20.2 +/- 1.8 yr, height = 184.1 +/- 7.7 cm, weight = 102.5 +/- 19.4 kg). Subjects performed 25 trials with 30 to 40 seconds of rest between trials. Test-retest reliability was determined using 34 subjects by way of intraclass correlation coefficients with a value of 0.73 for peak power and SEM of 105.4 W, indicating an acceptable level of reliability. Subjects were divided into 3 groups by position: linemen (Line), skill, and linebackers (LB). Alpha level was p < 0.05. Peak power was 1674.5 +/- 300.8, 1712.6 +/- 251.5, and 1388.6 +/- 210.4 W for the LB, Line, and Skill groups, respectively. Groups were significantly different (p < 0.0001), with the LB and Line found to be more powerful than the Skill group. Peak power continued to increase throughout the 25 trials in the Skill and LB group but plateaued after approximately 17 trials in the Line group. It was concluded that the FST was a reliable test for measuring peak anaerobic power in collegiate football players, which, theoretically, should provide more accurate measures of peak power caused by increased vertical displacement and longer duration, resulting in a decreased influence of cheating strategies during test administration. To achieve maximal power in stair climbing tasks, coaches may need to incorporate a greater number of trials or a more intense warm-up than has been previously reported. PMID:19996779

Hetzler, Ronald K; Vogelpohl, Rachele E; Stickley, Christopher D; Kuramoto, Allison N; Delaura, Mel R; Kimura, Iris F

2010-04-01

162

The effects of varying meteorological conditions on power production at a central North American wind farm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind energy is playing an increasing role around the world in providing power to electrical grids. It is important to both the provider and consumer of wind energy to maximize power generation yields. One way to improve these yields is to have a more complete understanding of meteorological conditions at wind farms. This study contains an analysis of farm yields compared to atmospheric conditions in order to quantify the effect that atmospheric stability can have on power generation from wind. For three months, meteorological data were recorded by ten stations as well as a radar wind profiler at a wind farm in the Plains of Central North America. From these data, two measures of atmospheric characteristics are calculated: the bulk Richardson number and a power law exponent (?) for wind variation with height. Stable, neutral, and convective stability classes are defined, and power curves are generated based on these chosen classes. At this farm, convective conditions provide better yields for low wind speeds below 8m/s, while neutral and stable conditions provide better yields above that threshold. Cases in which low yields were found correlate well with ?: higher values, and thus higher shear, lead to lower power generation. This correlation is the opposite from those seen in a West Coast North America wind farm (Wharton and Lundquist, 2010). We surmise that the Plains site is influenced by nocturnal Low Level Jets which induce elevated levels of turbulence and could decrease power performance at the wind farm. An investigation of wind profiles with height at the site confirmed the presence of these jets during many of the times featuring low yields.

Vanderwende, B. J.; Lundquist, J. K.

2010-12-01

163

Military survey honors Guy Bomford  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recognition of his many contributions to geodesy, the United Kingdom's Military Survey's new headquarters building was named after Brigadier Guy Bomford at a ceremony at Feltham near London on July 10, 1992. He was the director of survey of the southeast Asia command during World War II, was reader in geodesy at Oxford University, was active in the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (serving as president from 1963 to 1967), and is the author of the well-known text, Geodesy.Now aged 92, Bomford unveiled a plaqueon the building and attended a luncheon at the Feltham Officer's Mess hosted by the Director General of Military Survey, Major General Roy Wood.

164

Organizational commitment of military physicians.  

PubMed

An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics. PMID:19780367

Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay

2009-09-01

165

DOD Dictionary of Military Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Defense Defense Technical Information Center provides this handy dictionary, derived from Joint Publication 1-02, "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Users can browse the dictionary alphabetically or search it. Definitions are terse but clear. Cross references are provided but, unfortunately, not hyperlinked at this time. The dictionary also contains both terms and acronyms & abbreviations. The latter two can be browsed or searched separately from a link on the dictionary page.

Defense Technical Information Center (U.S.)

166

Some observations on early military anaesthesia.  

PubMed

Although anaesthesia was discovered in 1846, pain relief had been used for many years previously. Opium, mandragora, and Indian hemp amongst others have been used since the earliest times as alluded to by many of the classical writers. The use of refrigeration anaesthesia is known to have been recommended a millennium ago although it never had much usage. Very soon after the introduction of ether anaesthesia, it was recommended for military use and the first use by the American forces was in Buena Vista early in 1847 and then again at Vera Cruz. Pirogoff taught and used ether anaesthesia on active service with the Russian forces in the Caucasus in the summer of 1847. Meanwhile Spencer Wells, who was serving with the Royal Navy in Malta, was the first British service medical officer recorded to have used anaesthesia. He went on to write up a series of 106 anaesthetics. The Danes were probably next to use anaesthesia in battle using chloroform in 1848. However, it was not until the Crimean War that anaesthesia began to play an important part in battle surgery with many anaesthetics being given with varying results. The War of the Rebellion was the next war in which anaesthesia was important and the first one in which proper statistics were kept allowing useful analysis. Anaesthesia had irrevocably found its place in battlefield surgery. PMID:16800222

Houghton, I T

2006-06-01

167

Native American Politics: Power Relationships in the Western Great Basin Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for a symposium presented September 1972 at the Great Basin Anthropological Conference (Salt Lake City) these papers represent political and ethnological research on western Great Basin Indians. The topics include (1) "Developing Political Power in Two Southern Paiute Communities", (2) "Channels of Political Expression among the Western…

Houghton, Ruth M., Ed.

168

Transforming American Education: Learning Powered by Technology. National Educational Technology Plan, 2010. Draft  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Educational Technology Plan (NETP) presents a model of 21st century learning powered by technology, with goals and recommendations in five essential areas: learning, assessment, teaching, infrastructure, and productivity. The plan also identifies far-reaching "grand challenge problems" that should be funded and coordinated at a…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

169

Student-Powered Science: Science Education for and by African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A liberatory pedagogy, from a Freirean perspective, seeks to transform the classroom into a dialogic and student-powered learning environment by restructuring the student-teacher dichotomy. The purpose is change--not only to individual students' lives and opportunities but also to the wider social reality. While these are the goals of many science…

Seiler, Gale; Gonsalves, Allison

2010-01-01

170

A liquid over-feeding military air conditioner  

SciTech Connect

A 3-ton military air conditioning unit has been experimentally studied for baseline and liquid over-feeding operation (LOF). The test results indicate that LOF outperforms the baseline case over a wide ambient temperature range in terms of cooling capacity, power consumption, and system coefficient of performance (COP). At 95 F test point, the COP improvement for LOF is 19.8% over that of the baseline case. However, optimal refrigerant charge is essential for LOF to work properly.

Mei, V.C.; Chen, F.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bolton, C. [Army CECOM Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Fort Belvoir, VA (United States)

1995-09-01

171

Military Bases and Conservation Markets  

SciTech Connect

Over time, DoD is likely to be one of the largest buyers and sellers in a water quality trading market. The Department of Defense (DoD) operates military bases that resemble small cities in infrastructure. As units redeploy, bases are likely to find themselves well within their environmental limits at the originating base and potentially bumping against limits such as nitrate and phosphate loading at the destination base. Stricter rules and heavier loadings in growing watersheds also present challenges to local bases and municipalities as regulators clamp down on loadings from existing Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) to meet water quality standards.

Mark Ankeny

2007-09-01

172

Military Exceptionalism or Tobacco Exceptionalism: How Civilian Health Leaders’ Beliefs May Impede Military Tobacco Control Efforts  

PubMed Central

Smoking impairs the readiness and performance of military personnel, yet congressional opposition has thwarted military tobacco control initiatives. Involvement of civilian organizations might alter this political dynamic. We interviewed 13 leaders of national civilian public health and tobacco control organizations to explore their perspectives on military tobacco control, inductively analyzing data for themes. Leaders believed that military tobacco use was problematic but lacked specific knowledge. Most supported smoke-free policies and prohibiting smoking in uniform; however, they opposed banning tobacco use, arguing that it would violate smokers’ rights. Most leaders inappropriately applied civilian models of policy development to the military context. A tobacco-free military is unlikely to be achieved without military–civilian partnerships that include educating civilian health leaders about military policy development and implementation. PMID:23409898

Smith, Elizabeth A.; Malone, Ruth E.

2013-01-01

173

Military applications evolution and future. [meteorological satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program is described with particular emphasis on the military applications of METSAT data. Satellite operational support, data processing and image quality requirements are discussed.

Kaehn, A. J., Jr.

1982-01-01

174

AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES & ETHNICITYETHNICITYETHNICITY  

E-print Network

AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES & ETHNICITYETHNICITYETHNICITY This major of the United States with a particular emphasis on comparative study of the peoples, cultures, history: Introduction to American Studies and Ethnicity -- Introduction to American studies and ethnic studies. Provides

Krylov, Anna I.

175

Thank You for Your Service: Military Initiatives on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military students and their dependents arrive on college campuses with a diverse array of academic goals and support needs. A military friendly college understands that military students are transitioning from the professional military environment to the workforce, and academic work is part of that transition. A military friendly college is not…

Wilson, Kristin Bailey

2014-01-01

176

Arms and the University: Military Presence and the Civic Education of Non-Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alienation between the U.S. military and society has grown in recent decades. Such alienation is unhealthy, as it threatens both sufficient civilian control of the military and the long-standing ideal of the "citizen soldier." Nowhere is this issue more predominant than at many major universities, which began turning their backs on the military

Downs, Donald Alexander; Murtazashvili, Ilia

2012-01-01

177

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on “wounded warriors,” most military undergraduates are not physically or psychologically disabled and can be stigmatized by the

Ted C. Bonar; Paula L. Domenici

2011-01-01

178

Military parachuting injuries in Brazil.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to identify the main injuries caused by military parachuting jumping techniques in Brazil. With this aim, their distribution by anatomical site and their association with aircraft type and drop zone characteristics were analysed. Data for the study were obtained by the analysis of accident reports, completed after each jumping training mission in which an injury occurred, during the period January 2005-August 2006. The overall lesion rate during the period was 1.2%, with 189 injured subjects, and the highest injury rate was detected for the foot/ankle anatomical site (32.8%). The relative injury rates according to drop zone were 1.00% (main drop zone-Afonsos) and 2.94% for the remaining zones. Regarding aircraft type, these rates were 0.91% for the C130, 2.03% for the C115 and 2.68% for the C95 airplanes. The relative risk for the drop zone categories (reference category Afonsos) was 2.94 (95% CI: [2.10; 4.04]); while for aircraft types (reference category C130) these values were 2.95 (95% CI: [2.18; 3.98]; C95 aircraft) and 2.23 (95% CI: [1.34; 3.70]; C115). The study suggests that ankle stabilisers should be put into use by military parachuters, and that a better-planned schedule should be implemented for the used drop zones. PMID:19524238

Neves, Eduardo Borba; de Souza, Márcio Nogueira; de Almeida, Renan Moritz Varnier Rodrigues

2009-08-01

179

AUTO BUYING BEHAVIOR: MILITARY AND CIVILIAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation of consumer behavior for marketing automobiles is an important element in devising marketing strategies. In this study, a survey was conducted to assess the behavioral aspects of purchasing automobiles by military and civilian personnel At the Fort Lee Military Base in Virginia. The collected set of data was compiled with respect to twelve characteristics of purchasing behaviors. The basic

Samuel K. Moak; Krishan Rana; Richard T. McKinney

180

A World of Peace and Military Landscapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines "peace landscapes" as areas having a virtual absence of conflict, such the border between the United States and Canada. Identifies "military landscapes" as those having intense military conflicts, as in the Iran-Iraq war. Examines the components of these landscapes and identifies the contributions geographers can make to better understand…

Brunn, Stanley D.

1987-01-01

181

Reforming the Military Health Care System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Serious problems beset the military's extensive system of health care: rising budgetary costs, dissatisfaction among its beneficiaries, and inadequate readiness for war. This report was written at the request of the House Committee on Armed Services to examine some of these issues. It looks at a range of possible reforms in the military health…

Slackman, Joel

182

Investigating Team Learning in a Military Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As teams have become fundamental parts of today's organisations, the need for these teams to function and learn efficiently and effectively is widely emphasised. Also in military contexts team learning is vital. The current article examines team learning behaviour in military teams as it aims to cross-validate a team learning model that was…

Veestraeten, Marlies; Kyndt, Eva; Dochy, Filip

2014-01-01

183

Military and Civilian Media Coverage of Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military suicide has increased over the past decade and reports of Service Member and Veteran suicides receive media attention. Some methods of reporting suicide appear to cause a “media contagion” effect, potentially increasing suicide. This effect is explored in relation to media reports of both military and civilian suicides. To reduce possible contagion, recommendations for media reporting of suicides were

Amanda Edwards-Stewart; Julie T. Kinn; Jennifer D. June; Nicole R. Fullerton

2011-01-01

184

Military Deployment and Elementary Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact that military deployment has upon academic achievement of elementary school students. TerraNova test scores of 137 fourth and fifth grade students in two elementary schools with a high proportion of military dependent children were examined for two consecutive years. Although the academic test performance fell…

Phelps, Terri; Dunham, Mardis; Lyons, Robert

2010-01-01

185

Secondary Trauma and Military Veteran Caregivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article focuses on the secondary trauma stressors experienced by those who care for members of the military with special attention to the caregivers of war fighters seeking help from combat stress. Consistent with the theme of the special issue of understanding and preparing for the challenges of combat stress, the authors suggest that military caregiver stress and resilience require

Brian E. Bride; Charles R. Figley

2009-01-01

186

Sociological Research in a Military School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the content of a system of sociological support for the administration of a higher military educational institution, and what problems are involved? From October 2006 to February 2007, instructors in the department of the humanities and the social-economic disciplines at Eisk F. M. Komarov Higher Military Aviation School (EVVAU) carried…

Ignat'ev, V. V.

2008-01-01

187

Optimal Compensating Wages for Military Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current U.S. military pay structure offers inequitable and inefficient wages across locations. Military personnel are paid less competitive wages in high-cost and/or low-amenity locations compared to low-cost and/or high-amenity locations. This pay system results in unequal reenlistment rates across locations, which leads to production…

Carrell, Scott E.; West, James E.

2005-01-01

188

Forging a path to a post-nuclear US military  

SciTech Connect

For 50 years, nuclear weapons have been central to U.S. military strategy - an indispensable element in deterring and retaliating against an attack on U.S. territory. Now, six years after the end of the Cold War, it is time to question that centrality. In the years ahead, the utility of the U.S. nuclear arsenal will likely be eclipsed by the capabilities of a host of emerging conventional and electronic weapons; weapons that are highly precise and lethal but do not produce the horrific destruction of a nuclear bomb. This paper presents a debate about the degree to which nuclear weapons can be displaced in U.S. military strategy. I believe that the potential is great. Indeed, given the power and versatility of our emerging capabilities, the United States should consider substantially reducing its reliance on nuclear forces, unilaterally if necessary. This paper discusses the key issues for doing this.

Krepinevich, A.F. Jr. [Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-11-01

189

32 CFR 538.4 - Convertibility of military payment certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Convertibility of military payment certificates. 538.4 Section 538.4 National...CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS MILITARY PAYMENT CERTIFICATES § 538.4 Convertibility of military payment certificates. (a) For authorized...

2010-07-01

190

75 FR 2114 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC); Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...announces that the Military Leadership Diversity Commission...commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission...on committee process management; DFO adjourns the...development: Diversity Management and Training; Open...statements to the Military Leadership Diversity...

2010-01-14

191

75 FR 81244 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...all members of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission before...the control of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission or its...2011 meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission as required...Accordingly, the Advisory Committee Management Officer for the...

2010-12-27

192

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary of Defense...time appointing one or more military commissions to try individuals...subject to the President's Military Order and appointing any other personnel necessary to facilitate...

2011-07-01

193

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 ...Registrar, United States Military Academy, West Point...the United States Army Military Personnel Center, HQDA...

2010-07-01

194

32 CFR 169a.14 - Military personnel commercial activity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Military personnel commercial activity. 169a... Procedures § 169a.14 Military personnel commercial activity. Commercial...activities performed exclusively by military personnel not subject to deployment...

2010-07-01

195

32 CFR 169a.14 - Military personnel commercial activity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Military personnel commercial activity. 169a... Procedures § 169a.14 Military personnel commercial activity. Commercial...activities performed exclusively by military personnel not subject to deployment...

2011-07-01

196

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary of Defense...time appointing one or more military commissions to try individuals...subject to the President's Military Order and appointing any other personnel necessary to facilitate...

2010-07-01

197

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 ...Registrar, United States Military Academy, West Point...the United States Army Military Personnel Center, HQDA...

2011-07-01

198

32 CFR 538.4 - Convertibility of military payment certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Convertibility of military payment certificates...For authorized personnel. Authorized personnel having in their possession military payment certificates...areas to convert military payment certificates for authorized personnel returning...

2011-07-01

199

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2011-07-01

200

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2013-07-01

201

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

202

[The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital", Russian Ministry of Defence--90 years].  

PubMed

The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital" of the Ministry of Defense undertakes a significant part of the activities of the entire military medical expertise in the Armed Forces. The commission covers the territory of the Central and Volga Federal Districs (19 subordinate entities of the Russian Federation). Currently, the committee consists of three functional departments: recruitment examination and acquisition of military schools, separation of military and military service examination, and examination of the medical department, flight and selection of specialists. A significant component in the military-medical commission is inspection of flight and flight-lift Air Force, for which the commission has a staff department of medical-flight examination, in which medical examination of pilots is carried out (annually--about 500 people). PMID:22558856

Andronenkov, I A; Rybakov, O A; Makhson, I P

2012-02-01

203

The Soviet Far East military buildup: Nuclear dilemmas and Asian security  

SciTech Connect

The growing nuclearization of the Soviet military presence in the Far East has been of increasing concern to the United States and its Asian-Pacific allies. This volume brings together the diverse perspectives of multinational groups of defense and foreign policy experts associated with the Security Conference on Asia and the Pacific. Topics considered include the problems of coalition defense; strategic issues for the Soviet Union; motives and prospects; thinking about the nuclear balance; Soviet military deployments: Implications for China's security; the Soviet military buildup in Japan; theater nuclear weapons and Japan's defense policy; the Soviet military buildup in the Far East and South Korea; ANZAC perspectives on Soviet power in the Pacific; prospects for a new Korean War; Indochina, 1982-1985; links between Asian and European security; The European theater nuclear force; and European and Japanese Experiences.

Solomon, R.H.; Kosaka, M.

1986-01-01

204

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District § 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2013-07-01

205

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

...2014-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District § 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2014-07-01

206

War Upon the Map: The Politics of Military User Innovation  

E-print Network

While military personnel are often involved in the design of information technology, the literature on military innovation generally assumes defense contractors are the primary producers. Furthermore, general organizational ...

Lindsay, Jon R.

2006-07-18

207

Aerodynamic and Landing Measurements Obtained During the First Powered Flight of the North American X-15 Research Airplane  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the first powered flight of the North American X-15 research airplane on September 17, 1959, a Mach number of 2.1 and an altitude of 52,000 feet were attained. Static and dynamic maneuvers were performed to evaluate the characteristics of the airplane at subsonic and supersonic speeds. Data from these maneuvers as well as from the launch and landing phases are presented, discussed, and compared with predicted values. The rate of separation of the X-15 from the B-52 carrier airplane at launch was less than that predicted by wind-tunnel studies and was less rapid than in the lightweight condition of the initial glide flight. In addition, the angular motions and bank angle attained following the launch were of lesser magnitude than in the glide flight. Stable longitudinal-stability trends were apparent during the acceleration to maximum speed, and the pilot reported experiencing little or no transonic trim excursions. An inexplicable high-frequency vibration, which occurred at Mach numbers above 1.4, is being investigated further. Essentially linear lift and stability characteristics were indicated within the limited ranges of angle of attack and angle of sideslip investigated. The dynamic longitudinal and lateral-directional stability and control-effectiveness characteristics appeared satisfactory to the pilot. Although the longitudinal- and lateral-directional-damping ratios showed no significant change from subsonic to supersonic speeds, on the basis of time to damp, the damping characteristics at supersonic speeds appeared to the pilot to be somewhat improved over those at subsonic speeds.

1960-01-01

208

Writing American Soldiers: Nineteenth-Century Varieties of Military Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the late 1980s when Paul Fussell was defending the use of the atomic bomb in World War II, he did so on the grounds that he was a soldier. He knew better because his experiences in the war told him the bomb was necessary. Reactions to Fussell were quick to reject his sense of a personal knowledge of war,

Benjamin Cooper

2010-01-01

209

Military consensus behind Soviet arms control proposals  

SciTech Connect

For nearly two years General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev has tried to entice the West with a spectacular array of arms control proposals and initiatives. On issues such as on-site inspections and European missile reductions, he has made such significant concessions over previous Soviet positions that questions have been raised, and not satisfactorily answered, about how much support Gorbachev's diplomacy enjoys among the Soviet military. For example, have Gorbachev's proposals been a bold personal gamble to achieve agreement without the prior approval of the Soviet military bureaucracy. Or does his arms control diplomacy represent a broad consensus among the military leadership and a realignment of Soviet military doctrine and grand strategy. A careful examination of recent Soviet military thought shows that such a consensus exists. A broad and stable coalition of key military leaders supports the General Secretary's policies. Moreover, recent Soviet concessions are not, as commonly argued, a stopgap ploy to halt the US Strategic Defense Initiative or Star Wars. Rather, the military's support for Gorbachev's arms-control diplomacy is based on some serious strategic analysis and stems from broad, fundamental, and enduring changes in Soviet national security policy.

Weickhardt, G.C.

1987-09-01

210

Increased protein intake in military special operations.  

PubMed

Special operations are so designated for the specialized military missions they address. As a result, special operations present some unique metabolic challenges. In particular, soldiers often operate in a negative energy balance in stressful and demanding conditions with little opportunity for rest or recovery. In this framework, findings inferred from the performance literature suggest that increased protein intake may be beneficial. In particular, increased protein intake during negative caloric balance maintains lean body mass and blood glucose production. The addition of protein to mixed macronutrient supplements is beneficial for muscle endurance and power endpoints, and the use of amino acids improves gross and fine motor skills. Increasing protein intake during periods of intense training and/or metabolic demand improves subsequent performance, improves muscular recovery, and reduces symptoms of psychological stress. Consumption of protein before sleep confers the anabolic responses required for the maintenance of lean mass and muscle recovery. A maximal response in muscle protein synthesis is achieved with the consumption of 20-25 g of protein alone. However, higher protein intakes in the context of mixed-nutrient ingestion also confer anabolic benefits by reducing protein breakdown. Restricted rations issued to special operators provide less than the RDA for protein ( ? 0.6 g/kg), and these soldiers often rely on commercial products to augment their rations. The provision of reasonable alternatives and/or certification of approved supplements by the U.S. Department of Defense would be prudent. PMID:24027188

Ferrando, Arny A

2013-11-01

211

The War on Cancer: A Military Perspective  

PubMed Central

Actually it has not quite happened yet, but almost imperceptibly, by degrees, we are learning to live with cancer. The “War on Cancer,” although generally successful in the pediatric population, has gradually been replaced with a kinder, gentler treatment paradigm that strives to contain and maintain with stalemate over checkmate, a strategy that may literally constitute the path to least resistance. The purpose of this review is (1) to critically examine the War on Cancer as a powerfully evocative metaphor that is directly responsible for a counterproductive and even potentially dangerous war-like cell-kill treatment paradigm, (2) to suggest that a reframing of this metaphor in less retaliatory and aggressive terms along with a shift in clinical practice from a maximalist to a minimalist strategy is more appropriate to the treatment of cancer, and (3) to draw on examples from the military sector as points of reference and comparison that closely parallel the three therapeutic “control and containment” strategies discussed in this review: (1) “Optimox-like” trial designs, (2) epigenetic modulation, and (3) metronomic dosing.

Oronsky, Bryan; Carter, Corey A.; Mackie, Vernon; Scicinski, Jan; Oronsky, Arnold; Oronsky, Neil; Caroen, Scott; Parker, Christopher; Lybeck, Michelle; Reid, Tony

2015-01-01

212

The Suicidal MessengerHow Press Reporting Affects Public Confidence in the Press, the Military, and Organized Religion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The General Social Survey shows that American confidence in the press has declined gradually but continuously from 1973 to 2000. Confidence in the military showed a spike of increase following the Persian Gulf War, whereas that for organized religion underwent a dramatic but temporary decline following scandals associated with televangelists Jim Bakker and Jimmy Swaggart. This article shows good predictions

DAVID P. FAN; ROBERT O. WYATT; KATHY KELTNER

2001-01-01

213

32 CFR 728.43 - Members of other foreign military services and their dependents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...services include only: (1) Military personnel carried on the current Diplomatic...Department of State. (2) Military personnel assigned or attached to United...States military units for duty; military personnel on foreign military...

2011-07-01

214

Coordinated bird monitoring: Technical recommendations for military lands  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Department of Defense (DoD) is subject to several rules and regulations establishing responsibilities for monitoring migratory birds. The Sikes Act requires all military installations with significant natural resources to prepare and implement Integrated Natural Resources Management Plans (INRMPs). These plans guide the conservation and long-term management of natural resources on military lands in a manner that is compatible with and sustains the military mission. An INRMP also supports compliance with all legal requirements and guides the military in fulfilling its obligation to be a good steward of public land.The management and conservation of migratory birds is addressed in installation INRMPs. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires federal agencies to evaluate and disclose the potential environmental impacts of their proposed actions. More recently, DoD signed an MOU (http://www.dodpif.org/downloads/EO13186_MOU-DoD.pdf) for migratory birds, under Executive Order 13186, with the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) in July 2006 and a Migratory Bird Rule (http://www.dodpif.org/downloads/MigBirdFINALRule_FRFeb2007.pdf) was passed by Congress in February 2007. The Migratory Bird Rule addresses the potential impacts of military readiness activities on populations of migratory birds and establishes a process to implement conservation measures if and when a military readiness activity is expected to have a significant adverse impact on a population of migratory bird species (as determined through the NEPA process). The MOU states that for nonmilitary readiness activities, prior to initiating any activity likely to affect populations of migratory birds DoD shall (1) identify the migratory bird species likely to occur in the area of the proposed action and determine if any species of concern could be affected by the activity, and (2) assess and document, using NEPA when applicable, the effect of the proposed action on species of concern. By following these procedures, DoD will minimize the possibility for a proposed action to unintentionally take migratory birds at a level that would violate any of the migratory bird treaties and potentially impact mission activities. In addition, implementing conservation and monitoring programs for migratory birds supports the ecosystem integrity necessary to sustain DoD's natural resources for the military mission.Non-compliance with the procedural requirements of the MBTA could result in a private party lawsuit under the Administrative Procedures Act (APA). A lawsuit filed under APA involving a Navy bombing range is the basis for a court ruling that unintentional take of migratory birds applies to federal actions. Ensuring the necessary data is available to adequately assess impacts of a proposed action will help avoid lawsuits or help ensure such lawsuits have no grounds. The data gathered in a bird monitoring program will provide the best scientific data available to assess the expected impacts of a proposed action on migratory bird species through the NEPA process. This report presents recommendations developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for the Department of Defense (DoD) on establishing a "Coordinated Bird Monitoring (CBM) Plan." The CBM Plan is intended to ensure that DoD meets its conservation and regulatory responsibilities for monitoring birds (Chapter 1). The report relies heavily on recommendations in the report, "Opportunities for improving avian monitoring" (http://www.nabci-us.org/aboutnabci/monitoringreportfinal0307.pdf), by the U.S. North American Bird Conservation Initiative (U.S. NABCI Monitoring Subcommittee, 2007) and on a review of 358 current DoD bird monitoring programs carried out as part of this project (Chapter 2). This report contains 12 recommendations which, if followed, would result in a comprehensive, efficient, and useful approach to bird monitoring. The recommendations are based on the entire report but are presented together at the end of Chapter 1. DoD has agreed to consider implementing these recommendations; however, fina

Bart, Jonathan; Manning, Ann; Fischer, Richard; Eberly, Chris

2012-01-01

215

Military Takeover Complete in Pakistan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

General Pervez Musharraf assumed the position of chief executive of Pakistan early this morning, completing a very quick and bloodless coup that began on Tuesday night. General Musharraf declared a state of emergency, suspending the constitution and the national and provincial assemblies, dismissing the provincial governments and governors, and banning the Supreme Court from challenging his authority. Reaction to the coup has been rather muted within Pakistan and abroad. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who is now in custody, was increasingly unpopular in Pakistan because of the country's dire economic situation, his handling of the conflict with India in Kashmir, and what some saw as his systematic efforts to undermine the authority of rival political parties and branches of government. Foreign officials and editorials have criticized the military and called for the restoration of civilian rule as soon as possible. However, many have also acknowledged Sharif's poor record and some have even called for a transitional "technocratic" government to revive the economy and fight corruption. While the crucial question of foreign aid and loans to Pakistan is still very much up in the air, it does appear that at least some nations, most notably arch-rival India, are prepared to do business with Pakistan's new leaders, at least for the short term.

De Nie, Michael W.

216

Developing the military spaceplane-from concept to hardware  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the Boeing Company's approach to developing the USAF's Military Spaceplane (MSP) ``from Concept to Hardware.'' It focuses initially on the USAF Phase 1 MSP Integrated Technology Testbed (ITT) program and describes the testbed architecture, the role of operations simulations, and the ground test articles (GTA's), which are designed to mitigate key technical risk areas associated with developing a high operational tempo MSP. It next describes a sub-orbital demonstration vehicle system capable of delivering a military-useful payload to orbit via a ``pip-up'' payload deployment scheme. A development roadmap is presented, including definition of the sub-orbital demonstrator's enabling technologies. The described sub-orbital demonstration system includes a reusable, rapid-response launch vehicle derived from Boeing's flight-proven Delta Clipper Experimental (DC-X/DC-XA) programs, and a reusable space maneuver orbiter vehicle (SMV) derived from the USAF/Boeing North American's REFLY and mini-Spaceplane technology (mist) design and development programs. The paper concludes with an examination of the performance capability potential of a CONUS-based sub-orbital MSP demonstrator system.

Klevatt, Paul L.; Gaubatz, William A.

1998-01-01

217

Information friction : information technology and military performance  

E-print Network

Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

Lindsay, Jon Randall

2011-01-01

218

FY12 MILITARY PROGRAMS CUSTOMER SATISFACTION  

E-print Network

FY12 MILITARY PROGRAMS CUSTOMER SATISFACTION SURVEY March 2013 #12;This report prepared by: Linda.1 Customer Demographics ------------------------------------------ 5 2.2 General Satisfaction Items ------------------------------------- 16 2.3 Specific Services Items ---------------------------------------- 17 2.4 Customer Comments

US Army Corps of Engineers

219

Military and aerospace applications of FCC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Military and NASA programs are discussed in which FCC were used. Included are Saturn 4, Pegasus satellites solar, array for Skylab orbital workshop, Poseidon missiles, MK 48 torpedo fire control, and Lunar Surveyor.

Swanson, C.

1972-01-01

220

5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for survivors of employees or Members who die in service) civilian service; ...for survivors of employees or Members who die in service) civilian service; (2...the service of employees or Members who die in service —(1) Military service...

2010-01-01

221

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2013-07-01

222

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2011-07-01

223

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2012-07-01

224

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2014-07-01

225

Transformation of America's Military and Asymmetric War  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the post–Cold War and post–9\\/11 era, the need for broadening the focus of military transformation to include asymmetric warfare capabilities has been given lip service. The U.S. military did not feel the necessity to widen the scope, if not to change the focus, of transformation to include asymmetric warfare until 2003 and 2004. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Iraqi

Ehsan Ahrari

2010-01-01

226

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

227

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

228

Military deployment toxicology: a program manager's perspective.  

PubMed

The Persian Gulf War drew attention to the potential hazards of chemicals that personnel may encounter during military operations and deployments overseas. During the War, the oil well fires of Kuwait highlighted the military threat of industrial chemicals in the area of operations. Following the War, the occurrence of Gulf War Illnesses brought home concerns and suspicions regarding "low level" and "mixed" exposures to chemicals. The public's concern and attention resulted in numerous institutional responses to the real and perceived problems of health risks during military deployments. These institutional responses ranged in scope from a Presidential Review Directive to the initiative known as the Deployment Toxicology Research, Development, Testing and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. Most institutions, however, seem to agree that additional research is needed to assess the health risks from chemical exposures during military deployments. Establishing and managing an effective RDT&E program in risk assessment for deployed forces is a challenging enterprise. The Deployment Toxicology RDT&E Program was conceived utilizing the military's acquisition framework, an effective methodology with a proven record of fielding of new technologies. Based on a series of structured meetings with military representatives that would utilize new risk assessment tools, a hierarchical set of plans was developed to identify and prioritize end products. The challenge ahead for the Deployment Toxicology RDT&E Program is to execute these plans, provide the necessary oversight, and transition the results into successful product development. PMID:10711391

Knechtges, P L

2000-02-01

229

[Cancer incidence in the military: an update].  

PubMed

An abnormally elevated rate of Hodgkin's lymphoma was reported in 2001 among Italian soldiers in Bosnia and Kosovo since 1995: a surveillance system was therefore set up for the military community. Preliminary results for a longer period (1996-2007) have shown incidence rates lower than expected for all malignancies. No significant difference was registered between observed and expected cases of Hodkin's lymphoma: the excess of reported cases for this malignancy in 2001-2002 was probably due to a peak occurred in 2000 among the whole military; it is therefore unrelated to deployment in the Balkans, and probably represents a chance event. Moreover, a significant excess of thyroid cancer was reported among the whole military.The estimated number of incident cases, including those missed by the surveillance system, was not significantly higher than expected for all cancers; conversely, the estimated incidence rate of thyroid cancer was significantly increased; this excess, however, is probably due to a selection bias.These data concerning cancer surveillance in the Italian military are consistent with lacking evidence of an increased cancer incidence among troops of other countries deployed in the areas of Iraq, Bosnia, and Kosovo, where armour penetrating depleted uranium shells have been used. However, a comprehensive assessment of cancer morbidity in the military requires a revision of the privacy regulations, in order to link individual records of military personnel and data bases of the National Health Service. PMID:22166781

Peragallo, Mario Stefano; Urbano, Francesco; Sarnicola, Giuseppe; Lista, Florigio; Vecchione, Alfredo

2011-01-01

230

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2011-07-01

231

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-07-01 true Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2012-07-01

232

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

...2013-07-01 true Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2014-07-01

233

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2010-07-01

234

32 CFR 643.39 - Policy-American National Red Cross.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Policy-American National Red Cross. 643.39 Section 643.39 ...§ 643.39 Policy—American National Red Cross. (a) Title 10 U.S.C...and maintenance by the American National Red Cross on military reservations,...

2013-07-01

235

American studies Why American studies?  

E-print Network

American studies Why American studies? The US is the sole superpower in the 21st century and its may live. Studying American history, culture and society in the context of the Americas provides much What American studies courses are there? American Studies American Studies and English American Studies

Sussex, University of

236

Military children from birth to five years.  

PubMed

Because most research on military families has focused on children who are old enough to go to school, we know the least about the youngest and perhaps most vulnerable children in these families. Some of what we do know, however, is worrisome--for example, multiple deployments, which many families have experienced during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, may increase the risk that young children will be maltreated. Where the research on young military children is thin, Joy Osofsky and Lieutenant Colonel Molinda Chartrand extrapolate from theories and research in other contexts--especially attachment theory and research on families who have experienced disasters. They describe the circumstances that are most likely to put young children in military families at risk, and they point to ways that families, communities, the military, and policy makers can help these children overcome such risks and thrive. They also review a number of promising programs to build resilience in young military children. Deployment, Osofsky and Chartrand write, is particularly stressful for the youngest children, who depend on their parents for nearly everything. Not only does deployment separate young children from one of the central figures in their lives, it can also take a psychological toll on the parent who remains at home, potentially weakening the parenting relationship. Thus one fundamental way to help young military children become resilient is to help their parents cope with the stress of deployment. Parents and caregivers themselves, Osofsky and Chartrand write, can be taught ways to support their young children's resilience during deployment, for example, by keeping routines consistent and predictable and by finding innovative ways to help the child connect with the absent parent. The authors conclude by presenting 10 themes, grounded in research and theory, that can guide policies and programs designed to help young military children. PMID:25518692

Osofsky, Joy D; Chartrand, Molinda M

2013-01-01

237

National Park Service: the American Civil War  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Civil War remains a complex and interesting subject. The National Park Service continues to offer a host of introspective perspectives on this military conflict through their creative use of interpretative facilities located on a number of important historic sites across the country. Taken together, this collection of materials will be of great interest both to educators and the general public.

238

Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military

Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

2009-01-01

239

Shaping the Environmental Attitude of Military Geography Students at the South African Military Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globally there is a growing environmental awareness among all segments of society, but research on the effect of environmental education in shaping the attitude of military students is lacking. Tertiary environmental education to officers of the South African Department of Defence is seated in the Department of Military Geography at the South…

Smit, Hennie A. P.

2009-01-01

240

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

2011-01-01

241

Addressing Needs of Military Families during Deployment: Military Service Providers' Perceptions of Integrating Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service providers are increasingly recognizing the need to develop effective methods for delivering supporting services to military families during deployment. Research suggests that military families experience increased levels of stress during the cycle of deployment. Bronfenbrenner (1979) conceptualized the family operating within the context…

Hayden, Seth Christian Walter

2011-01-01

242

The Power of Aspirations and Expectations: The Connection Between Educational Goals and Risk Behaviors Among African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies and interventions have been designed to either reduce the prevalence of risky behaviors (substance use, sexual activity, etc.) or increase the level of educational activity for adolescents. Research suggests that these two constructs may be related yet little is known about this relationship among African American youth. Archival data from the Risk Reduction Project was used to explore

Chris M. Kirk; Rhonda K. Lewis; Felecia A. Lee; David Stowell

2011-01-01

243

A Retrospective of Four Decades of Military Interest in Thermophotovoltaics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following a short discussion on the origin of Thermophotovoltaic (TPV), this presentation offers a retrospective of the progress and results of the recurrent efforts in TPV conducted in the United States by the Military during the last 40 years. The US Army's interest in TPV, for the development of portable power sources, started a few years after the energy conversion approach was conceived. TPV technology was seen to offer a solution for the Army's need for power in the 10 to 1500 Watt range. The technology offered the means to overcome the limitation of size and weight found in existing commercial power sources, with the additional advantage of silent and multifuel operation. Hence, the Army invested research and development (R&D) funding to investigate TPV feasibility for tactical field application. After an initial decade of continuous research studies by the Army, the support for this technology has experienced cycles of significant efforts interrupted by temporary waiting periods to allow this technology to further mature. Over the last four decades, several TPV proof of concept systems were developed. The results of their testing and evaluation have demonstrated the feasibility of the technology for development of power sources with output of several watts to a few hundreds watts. To date, the results have not been found to adequately demonstrate the applicability of TPV to the development of military power generators with output above 500 watts. TPV power sources have not been developed yet for Army field use or troop testing. The development risk is still considered to be moderate-to-high since practical-size systems that go beyond the laboratory test units have not been designed, constructed, tested. The greatest need is for system development, along with concurrent continued component development and improvement. The Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) support for TPV R&D effort has been drastically reduced. The Army is still pursuing a 500watt TPV unit demonstrator. No further collaboration among DARPA, Army, NASA is contemplated, which seems indicative of the beginning of a new period of waiting for additional maturing of this technology. The Army's assessment about the viability of TPV for integrated systems indicates that the technology will require a few more years of development. However, at this time, for the completion of component and system development, a strong effort is needed in the private sector. The achievement of the necessary ruggedness for some critical components, acceptable overall efficiency, and system thermal management, is essential for a new, strong restart of TPV effort by the Military.

Guazzoni, Guido; Matthews, Selma

2004-11-01

244

Misery and Militarization: High Military Expenditure and Minimal Development in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering its large and consistent allocations to defense over time, India has been noted to be a predominant military power in Asia. Concurrently, India can not claim to have reached notable levels of economic and social development. Minimal levels of development thwarts the ability of the population to attain basic needs such as food, health care, and education. Therefore, by

Michelle L. Stone

2001-01-01

245

Airframe Repair Specialist, 2-3. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These military-developed curriculum materials consist of five volumes of individualized, self-paced training manuals for use by those studying to be airframe repair technicians. Covered in the individual volumes are the following topics: fundamentals of organization and management (ground safety, aircraft ground safety, and aerospace and power

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

246

Construction Mechanic Part II, 8-6. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course, adapted from military curriculum materials for use in vocational and technical education, is the second of a two-course series that teaches students to maintain and repair automotive and construction equipment using either gasoline or diesel engines. It covers basic chassis and power train troubleshooting, diagnosis, and adjustment…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

247

American Women Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many resources that detail the contributions of women in American history, but this particular site does so in an organized and intelligent fashion. Created by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University, the site is chronologically organized, and visitors can read through each area to learn about various online resources that deal with each historical era. The primary timeline covers the world of Native Americans all the way up to the year 2001. The site also has a "Other Timelines" section, which includes links to timelines that tell the stories of notable women in history and topical ones as well, such as those dealing with feminism, Jewish women, and women in the military.

Middleton, Ken, 1964-

248

Soviet military on SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative). Professional paper  

SciTech Connect

Numerous Western analysts have suggested that all American assessments of SDI should proceed not only from a consideration of American intentions, but also from the outlook of Soviet perceptions. Since 23 March 1983, the prevailing tone of Soviet military writings on SDI has been overwhelmingly negative. Myron Hedlin has concluded that this harsh reaction to a U.S. initiative still years from realization suggests both a strong concern about the ultimate impact of these plans on the strategic balance, and a perceived opportunity for scoring propaganda points. Indeed, the present review of Soviet writings since President Reagan's so-called Star Wars speech has yielded both objective Soviet concerns and regressions to psychological warfare. This, in turn, has necessitated a careful effort to separate rhetoric from more official assessments of SDI. While there has long been dispute in the West over the validity of Soviet statements, they have time and again been subsequently confirmed in Soviet hardware, exercises, and operational behavior. Some Western analysts will nonetheless contend that the Soviet statements under examination in this study are merely a commodity for export.

Fitzgerald, M.C.

1987-08-01

249

35. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - CONTROL ROOM OF ELECTRIC POWER STATION WITH DIESEL ENGINE POWERED ELECTRIC GENERATION EQUIPMENT IN BACKGROUND. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

250

Technology in military strategy: a realistic assessment  

SciTech Connect

Today the Military Reform Movement strongly criticizes the United States military for being mesmerized by technology to the detriment of other, including human, factors. Only in this century have writers given great attention to war technologies. In contrast to strategic thinkers like Sun-Tsu, Machiavelli, Clausewitz, Moltke, and Mahan, post-World War I theorists like fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Mitchell made technology a key to their strategic concepts. Nuclear war theorists like Brodie, Kahn, and Wohlstetter made technology a centrality, while limited war theorists like Osgood and Kissinger gave it considerable, but less, stress. The reformers place more weight on teh art of using military forces than on weapons, emphasizing mobility and historical lessons, rather than technology. Nuclear war theories rely too heavily on technological dimensions to expect a shift. Somewhat more attention could profitably be paid to nontechnological aspects of conventional war, but any violent pendulum swing should be avoided.

Sanders, R.

1983-01-01

251

[Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].  

PubMed

The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation. PMID:25284434

Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

2014-11-01

252

Assessing the mental health consequences of military combat in Iraq and Afghanistan: a literature review.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper was to explore how a military career may affect the mental health of serving and ex-service personnel, to identify the accessibility and helpfulness of support (both during and after military service) and to make recommendations for change. A literature search was undertaken using the MetaFind meta search engine with keywords: mental health, psychological health, emotional health, soldier, British army, army, ex-army, military, military personnel, armed forces, resettlement, impact, family relationship, divorce, health, support services. The search was applied to the following databases: EBSCO Host, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Ingenta Connect, Medline, PsyArticles, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, together with the specific journals American Journal of Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry and ProQuest Nursing journals. 110 relevant publications were identified and from these 61 papers were retrieved for further analysis. Poor mental health is associated with increased risk of social exclusion on leaving the services, which further exacerbates mental health problems. An increasing number of ex-service personnel are expected to develop stress-related mental health problems in the future. PMID:21040224

Walker, S

2010-11-01

253

78 FR 67401 - Solicitation of Written Comments by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Solicitation...Comments by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission....

2013-11-12

254

78 FR 68097 - Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission. ACTION:...

2013-11-13

255

78 FR 70072 - Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission. ACTION:...

2013-11-22

256

32 CFR 728.83 - Persons in military custody and nonmilitary Federal prisoners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...beneficiaries. (1) Military prisoners. (2) Nonmilitary...war and other detained personnel. (b) Care authorized —(1) Military prisoners. (i...no circumstances will military personnel be voluntarily...

2011-07-01

257

An update of military robotics activities  

SciTech Connect

Military unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are beginning to break new ground that will strongly affect the future development of robotics. Current and planned future demonstrations of new UGV technologies are aiding in the maturation of control and navigation technologies critical to remotely controlled, supervised, and autonomous robots. The United States and its allies are spending millions of dollars to develop UGVs for military applications. The first systems will be deployed by the year 2000. The United States is leading the way, and its program is focused on the tactical UGV (TUGV) for the US Army and Marine Corps.

Lovece, J.A. (L B Ltd., Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

258

Evaluation of potential military applications of stirling engines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on the potential military applications of the Stirling engine. In the applications considered here, the major advantages cited for the Stirling engine are multifuel capability, efficiency, and low noise levels. These potential advantages are small compared to current diesels. Diesels are already able to burn broadcut fuels, have high efficiency, and can be adequately muffled. Their major disadvantages are size, weight, and cost. These disadvantages are only severe in vehicular and mobile power applications where the competition is open-cycle internal combustion engines (diesel, spark-ignition, or turbine). In underwater and space power applications where closed-cycle engines are a necessity, the use of Stirling engines shows more promise.

Oelrich, Ivan C.; Riddell, Frederick R.

1988-07-01

259

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

260

Is it time for a tobacco-free military?  

PubMed

Achieving a tobacco-free military requires rethinking current perceptions of service members' tobacco use and unmasking the forces perpetuating those perceptions. Prohibiting tobacco use would be entirely consistent with other military requirements regarding health. PMID:24988299

Smith, Elizabeth A; Jahnke, Sara A; Poston, Walker S C; Williams, Larry N; Haddock, Christopher K; Schroeder, Steven A; Malone, Ruth E

2014-08-14

261

75 FR 3448 - Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission AGENCY...Defense established the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (hereafter...Freeman, Deputy Committee Management Officer for the Department...serves or has served in a leadership position with either a...

2010-01-21

262

5 CFR 842.307 - Deposits for military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01...false Deposits for military service. 842.307...307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...discharge for enlisted military personnel, or to the date...

2011-01-01

263

5 CFR 842.307 - Deposits for military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01...false Deposits for military service. 842.307...307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...discharge for enlisted military personnel, or to the date...

2010-01-01

264

19 CFR 148.90 - Foreign military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Foreign military personnel. 148.90 Section 148...DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Personnel of Foreign Governments and...Individuals § 148.90 Foreign military personnel. (a) Exemptions...

2011-04-01

265

19 CFR 148.90 - Foreign military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Foreign military personnel. 148.90 Section 148...DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Personnel of Foreign Governments and...Individuals § 148.90 Foreign military personnel. (a) Exemptions...

2010-04-01

266

Adaptive Military Behaviour in a Collaborative Simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of innovative and effective technologies to support complex collaborative human activities depends both on observation and analysis of these activities and on iterative development and evaluation of the technologies in the deployment context. Applying these principles to military mission planning and execution is challenging because actual warfare is dangerous for both participants and observers. We use the simulation engine

Daniele Masato; Timothy J. Norman; Steven Poltrock; Helen Bowyer; Peter Waggett

267

Residence Time and Military Workplace Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite widespread interest in the reintegration of Post-9/11 military veterans into civilian life, the literacies of Post-9/11 veterans, both academic and professional, remain largely untheorized. This paper addresses this dearth of information by examining the induction processes and resulting workplace literacies of soldiers, airmen/women,…

Doe, Sue; Doe, William W., III

2013-01-01

268

Stem cell applications in military medicine  

PubMed Central

There are many similarities between health issues affecting military and civilian patient populations, with the exception of the relatively small but vital segment of active soldiers who experience high-energy blast injuries during combat. A rising incidence of major injuries from explosive devices in recent campaigns has further complicated treatment and recovery, highlighting the need for tissue regenerative options and intensifying interest in the possible role of stem cells for military medicine. In this review we outline the array of tissue-specific injuries typically seen in modern combat - as well as address a few complications unique to soldiers - and discuss the state of current stem cell research in addressing each area. Embryonic, induced-pluripotent and adult stem cell sources are defined, along with advantages and disadvantages unique to each cell type. More detailed stem cell sources are described in the context of each tissue of interest, including neural, cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and sensory tissues, with brief discussion of their potential role in regenerative medicine moving forward. Additional commentary is given to military stem cell applications aside from regenerative medicine, such as blood pharming, immunomodulation and drug screening, with an overview of stem cell banking and the unique opportunity provided by the military and civilian overlap of stem cell research. PMID:22011454

2011-01-01

269

Military Geography and Geology: History and Technology  

E-print Network

of military geologists, Colonel E P F [Ted] Rose. Terrain always influences, sometimes dictates, the course of battles, conflicts and wars: From the canal of Xerxes to the caves of Afghanistan; from the clay neither to glorify war nor to condemn it. It simply reports hard learnt truths about the third, unwilling

Nottingham, University of

270

Military Munitions Waste Working Group report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the findings of the Military Munitions Waste Working Group in its effort to achieve the goals directed under the Federal Advisory Committee to Develop On-Site Innovative Technologies (DOIT Committee) for environmental restoration and waste management. The Military Munitions Waste Working Group identified the following seven areas of concern associated with the ordnance (energetics) waste stream: unexploded ordnance; stockpiled; disposed -- at known locations, i.e., disposal pits; discharged -- impact areas, unknown disposal sites; contaminated media; chemical sureties/weapons; biological weapons; munitions production; depleted uranium; and rocket motor and fuel disposal (open burn/open detonation). Because of time constraints, the Military Munitions Waste Working Group has focused on unexploded ordnance and contaminated media with the understanding that remaining waste streams will be considered as time permits. Contents of this report are as follows: executive summary; introduction; Military Munitions Waste Working Group charter; description of priority waste stream problems; shortcomings of existing approaches, processes and technologies; innovative approaches, processes and technologies, work force planning, training, and education issues relative to technology development and cleanup; criteria used to identify and screen potential demonstration projects; list of potential candidate demonstration projects for the DOIT committee decision/recommendation and appendices.

Not Available

1993-11-30

271

BREAKING NEWS: Military, Veteran and Dependent Lounge  

E-print Network

BREAKING NEWS: Military, Veteran and Dependent Lounge Grand Opening Join President and Mrs. Ellis, Veteran, and Family Lounge in the TTU Student Union. It will serve as a place for our campus community a veteran that would like to have a current Texas Tech University Faculty or Staff Member who is also

Zhuang, Yu

272

78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...service members, and their families. Last year, I signed an Executive...our service members and their families have sacrificed to protect...that defines our Nation--life, liberty, and the pursuit...And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW,...

2013-11-05

273

75 FR 67897 - Military Family Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...willing to lay down their lives to protect us all, we...and engage our military families. They are proud to serve...service members and their families as they transition back into civilian life, providing counseling...our veterans and their families can pursue the...

2010-11-04

274

[Modern medical science and Military Medical Academy].  

PubMed

The article presents the information about the main directions of scientific investigations of Military Medical Academy and their results during the period of 1999-2000. The scientific work was conducted in conformity with demands of orders and directives of RF Ministry of Defense. 12 integrated scientific problems were formed in the annual plans of the Academy's research work. Together with traditional directions the new ones connected with the experience of troops medical support during the armed conflicts, liquidation of consequences of extreme situations, participation of military contingents in peace-making operations were developed. The complex clinical investigations of specific features of combat pathology due to firearms used by the enemy during the military operations in Afghanistan and in the Northern Caucasus are going on. In the most of clinical departments the problems of etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of servicemen' diseases under peacetime conditions are the main directions of scientific investigations. Every year the Academy's rationalizers and inventors produce 60-70 inventions and more than 500 rationalization proposals. Since 1995 the Academy publishes the journal "Clinical medicine and pathophysiology" and since 1999--"Bulletin of Russian Military Medical Academy". The Academy's scientific potential comprises 194 professors, 295 associate professors, 349 Doctors and 894 Candidates of Science, 20 Honoured Scientists of RF, 57 members and corresponding members of academies (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and other social academies). PMID:16259295

Ga?dar, B V; Lobzin, Iu V; Chursin, I G; Tsygan, V N

2005-08-01

275

Evaluation of military field-water quality  

SciTech Connect

This is the first and summary volume of the nine-volume study entitled Evaluation of Military Field-Water Quality. This study is a comprehensive assessment of the chemical, radiological, and biological constituents of field-water supplied that could pose health risks to military personnel around the world; it also provides a detailed evaluation of the field-water-treatment capability of the US Armed Forces. This study identifies as being of concern three physical properties, i.e., turbidity, color, and total dissolved solids; seven chemical constituents, i.e., chloride, magnesium, sulfate, arsenic, cyanide, lindane, and metabolites of algae and associated aquatic bacteria; and over twenty types of water-related pathogenic microorganisms. It also addresses five threat agents, i.e., hydrogen cyanide, radioactivity, organophosphorous nerve agents, the trichotecene mycotoxin T-2, and lewisite. An overview of the criteria and recommendations for standards for these constituents for short- term and long-term exposure periods are presented in this volume, as are health-effects summaries for assessing the potential soldier performance degradation when recommended standards are exceeded. In addition, the existing military field-water-treatment capability is reviewed, and an abbreviated discussion is presented of the general physical, chemical, and biological qualities of field waters in geographic regions worldwide, representing potential theaters of operation for US military forces. Finally, research recommendations are outlined. 18 figs., 6 tabs.

Daniels, J.I.; Gallegos, G.M. (eds.)

1990-05-01

276

Enhancing Mental Readiness in Military Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

With psychological injuries accounting for between 10-50% of operational casualties, there is consistent evidence that adequate psychological preparation for deployments is a vital operational requisite. Beyond the psychological costs to soldiers, empirical results also indicate that the stressors found in military contexts can contribute to errors in judgement and performance, reducing operational effectiveness. Thus, the development of training programs that

Megan M. Thompson; Donald R. McCreary

277

The Young Military Child: Our Modern Telemachus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For thousands of years military children have been faced with many challenges that result from the combat deployment of their parents. These challenges are likely to be particularly burdensome to infants, toddlers, and preschoolers because of their emotional and cognitive immaturity, their reliance on magical thinking, and their dependence upon…

Cozza, Stephen J.; Lieberman, Alicia F.

2007-01-01

278

Military jet activity and Sonoran pronghorn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty percent of the habitat for the endangered Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) in the United States is on the Barry M. Goldwater Range (BMGR), a bombing and gunnery range located in southwestern Arizona, USA. Wildlife and land managers have expressed concerns that military aircraft activity may be detrimental to Sonoran pronhom. We observed the response of Sonoran pronghorn

P. R. Krausman; Lisa K. Harris

2002-01-01

279

The University Campus: Why Military Sponsored Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military-sponsored research on the university campus has been a major issue during the past several years. Opposition has come from radicals, who wish to destroy the university itself, to critics, who feel such activities take needed funds and personnel from the more important task of solving our nation's social problems. These viewpoints and the…

Messing, Aubrey E.

280

Military History and Fourth Generation Warfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines ‘Fourth Generation Warfare’ (4GW), a theory of how warfare has evolved and is evolving, from the perspective of military history. The author makes three primary claims: 4GW advocates' boxing of history into ‘generations’ is logically and temporally inconsistent; 4GW authors misuse history by selectively choosing case studies and applying them out of context; and other arguments regarding

Timothy J. Junio

2009-01-01

281

Turf Wars: School Administrators and Military Recruiting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a decade has passed since passage, few have noticed that section 9528 in No Child Left Behind (NCLB) mandates schools to assist military recruiting. This article focuses on administrators' responsibility to inform parents of their privacy rights and the struggle to manage recruiting in schools. I highlight two conclusions with policy…

Lagotte, Brian W.

2014-01-01

282

[Application and research of acupuncture in military].  

PubMed

Acupuncture has remarkable effects of pain relieving and functional restoration on injuries of soft tissue and joint due to military training. As more and more attention has been attached to the impact of psychological states and biorhythm disorder on the fighting ability of military staff, acupuncture has found its place in treating chronic fatigue, combat stress reaction, traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder as well as regulating circadian rhythms. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture in military training-related physical damage and psychological trauma has already been proved by numerous clinical practices and researches. It is held that using acupuncture as an alternative could not only save medical resources, but also enhance the fighting ability of the army. However, the current clinical studies is facing the problem of limited sample size. Therefore, randomized controlled trials in large scale and multiple centers should be further carried out toward military staff, so as to provide more speaking evidences to the prevention and treatment of physical and psychological diseases. PMID:24673077

Zhao, Lu; Li, Xiao-Qian; Chen, Hong-Yun; Li, Wei-Hong; Zhou, Shuang; Zhou, Qing-Hui

2014-01-01

283

Health assessment for Utah Power and Light/American Barrel, Salt Lake City, Utah, Region 8. CERCLIS No. UTD980667240. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Utah Power and Light (UP L) site, formerly known as American Barrel, is located one-half mile from downtown Salt Lake City, Utah. A creosote treatment facility operated there in the early 1900's. Later, a 55-gallon drum storage facility contaminated the soil and groundwater with polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's), volatile organic compounds (VOC's), pesticides, phthalates, and heavy metals. This site is of potential public health concern because humans maybe exposed to hazardous substances at concentrations that may result in adverse health effects. Contamination has spread to off-site areas and children from the nearby residential area have access to contaminated soil. In addition, transients frequently use these areas and may be exposed to the contaminants. UP L is in the 8th update of the National Priorities List of hazardous waste sites.

Not Available

1990-05-20

284

Life Journey through Autism: A Guide for Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autism presents parents and families with many challenges under normal circumstances. Autism in a military family magnifies many of those challenges and adds a few more that are unique to the demands of military life and service, further complicating an already complex neurobiological disorder. Military sources indicate that more than 13,000…

Alexander, Katie C.; Clemens, Erin M.; Gilbert, Marilyn; McBreen, Joseph

2010-01-01

285

Civil Military Operations & The Rule of Law Curriculum Development Report  

E-print Network

Civil Military Operations & The Rule of Law Curriculum Development Report December 9­10, 2011 Global Public Policy Academic Group Naval Postgraduate School #12;#12;1 Civil Military Operations School (NPS) is leading development of a graduate-level certificate Civil Military Operations

286

Hazardous Drinking and Military Community Functioning: Identifying Mediating Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Hazardous drinking is a serious societal concern in military populations. Efforts to reduce hazardous drinking among military personnel have been limited in effectiveness. There is a need for a deeper understanding of how community-based prevention models apply to hazardous drinking in the military. Community-wide prevention efforts may…

Foran, Heather M.; Heyman, Richard E.; Slep, Amy M. Smith

2011-01-01

287

Language Testing in the Military: Problems, Politics and Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There appears to be little literature available -- either descriptive or research-related -- on language testing in the military. This form of specific purposes assessment affects both military personnel and civilians working within the military structure in terms of posting, promotion and remuneration, and it could be argued that it has serious…

Green, Rita; Wall, Dianne

2005-01-01

288

Women and Reproductive Health: A Challenge for the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the military health care system is the second largest in the nation serving approximately 6,000,000 people, little research has examined military reproductive health care services or their quality. Medical services can be provided by regional military medical centers and by base infirmaries and dispensaries. Often base infirmaries and…

Bassoff, Betty Z.; Ortiz, Elizabeth T.

289

Stress and burnout in policing: does military experience matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Expanding on earlier research, this paper aims to develop a more complete understanding of military experience as it relates to stress and burnout in law enforcement. The current study examines whether influences on stress and burnout vary between officers with military experience and officers without a military background. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data for this study were obtained from earlier

Don Ivie; Brett Garland

2011-01-01

290

Finding Community: Helping Children of Military Families Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Envision the military family, being given as few as 30 days to pack, take their children out of school, leave their residence, settle in a new home, enroll the children in a new school, and take care of the myriad details for the military parent's relocation or deployment. Military families undergo this process over and over. The moves can affect…

Gomez, Daniel P.; Ybanez, Cindy

2012-01-01

291

Study on military logistical management information system based on TASCOI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the definition of Military Logistics Management Information System based on TASCOI in accordance with the military logistics flow model, describes the holistic frame model of the Military Logistics Management Information System, and conducts the process of analyzing the system's structure and the process of its running. At the end of the article, we draw a conclusion that

Li Qinzhen; Liu Yanxia; Cao Jixia

2011-01-01

292

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2010-07-01

293

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2014-07-01

294

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2012-07-01

295

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels. A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2014-04-01

296

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2012-04-01

297

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2010-04-01

298

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2011-04-01

299

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2013-04-01

300

Underserved: A Case Study of ROTC in New York City. A Report of the AEI Program on American Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The military-civilian disconnect has been a source of increasing concern over the last few decades. National security leaders--including the commander in chief, President Barack Obama--have warned that many Americans are unaware of the military's sacrifices and its growing sense of isolation from wider society. In remarks at Duke University in…

Miller, Cheryl

2011-01-01

301

Attitudes of Youth Toward Military Service in a Zero-Draft Environment: Results of a National Survey Conducted in November 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study, fourth in a series of reports on the attitudes of youth, analyzed the 1972 results of a continuing Department of Defense national survey aimed at studying the enlistment motivation and attitudes toward military service of American youth. A total of 1,924 male youths, aged 16 to 21 years, were interviewed during a period of low draft…

Fisher, Allan H., Jr.; DiSario, Martha R.

302

Evolving societal risks and necessary precautions in the age of nuclear power and therapeutic radiation: an American perspective.  

PubMed

Terrorism involving nuclear or radiologic weapons can devastate populations, city infrastructures, and entire sociopolitical systems. In our age of nuclear medicine and therapeutic radiation delivery, the unauthorized and illegal acquisition of radioactive materials needed for such an attack is always a possibility and risk. Physicians handling high-energy isotopes for medical radiotherapy must be aware of the basic security requirements as outlined by the Nuclear Regulation Commission, which include background checks and authorized access, physical protection during radionuclide use, and physical protection during its transit. The Leksell Gamma Knife and its Category 1 cobalt-60 radioactive source are discussed because of their significant potential for deployment in a weaponized device. Although this article presents a perspective relating to American rules and regulations, these precautions are applicable anywhere that similar situations exist. Understanding these materials and the security they require is essential to preventing the disastrous outcomes should these isotopes fall into terrorists' hands. PMID:25218709

Pham, Martin H; Yu, Cheng; Rusch, Mairead; Holloway, Charles; Chang, Eric; Apuzzo, Michael L J

2014-12-01

303

Current Directions in Military Health-care Provider Resilience.  

PubMed

After more than a decade of war, the US military continues to place significant emphasis on psychological health and resilience. While research and programs that focus on the broader military community's resilience continue to emerge, less is known about and until recently little focus has been placed on military medical provider resilience. In this article, we review the literature on military medical provider resilience, provide an overview of the programmatic and technological advances designed to sustain and develop military medical provider resilience, and finally offer recommendations for future research. PMID:25617036

Lester, Paul B; Taylor, Lauren C; Hawkins, Stacy Ann; Landry, Lisa

2015-02-01

304

2. Photocopy of a photograph1921 VIEW OF ALL THREE POWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 VIEW OF ALL THREE POWER PLANTS FROM THE SOUTH - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

305

16. Photocopy of a photograph1921 EASTSIDE POWER PLANT LOOKING NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 EASTSIDE POWER PLANT LOOKING NORTH - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

306

Interagency Advanced Power Group meeting minutes  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the minutes and viewgraphs from a meeting of military personnel on the subject of power generation and distribution systems for military applications. Topics include heating and cooling systems for standard shelters, SDIO power programs, solar dynamic space power systems, hybrid solar dynamic/ photovoltaic systems, pulsed power technology, high-{Tc} superconductors, and actuators and other electronic equipment for aerospace vehicles. Attendees represented the US Air Force, Army, Navy, and NASA. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-12-31

307

Interagency Advanced Power Group meeting minutes  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the minutes and viewgraphs from a meeting of military personnel on the subject of power generation and distribution systems for military applications. Topics include heating and cooling systems for standard shelters, SDIO power programs, solar dynamic space power systems, hybrid solar dynamic/ photovoltaic systems, pulsed power technology, high-{Tc} superconductors, and actuators and other electronic equipment for aerospace vehicles. Attendees represented the US Air Force, Army, Navy, and NASA. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-01-01

308

Design of highly reliable military avionics fiber optic data buses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Military avionics applications require the high reliability, which offers the challenge to design feasible avionics fiber-optic (AFO) data buses. In this paper, we present the new design methods to implement the highly reliable AFO data buses by using today's mature optoelectronic devices. To effective solve the problems associated with optical power budget and high reliability, the active-coupler architectures for both single-wavelength and multi- wavelength AFO data buses are proposed. The topologies are discussed in detail. To ensure the high-reliability data transmission on the buses, three efficient modulation techniques are presented, which can significantly reduce the complexity of optical transceivers and the processing time at receivers compared to using the modulation scheme recommended by the MIL-STD-1773. The hardware design of the proposed active-coupler-based AFO data buses is also described.

Zhang, Jian-Guo

1993-12-01

309

Military housing foam application and analysis  

SciTech Connect

Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in sustainable communities. This project consists of two activities conducted in Hawaii that focus on performance, integration and application of energy saving technologies. Hawaii has many energy challenges, making this location an excellent testbed for these activities. Under this project, spray foam technology was applied at military housing on Oahu and the consumption data collected. A cost benefit and operational analysis of the foam was completed. The second phase of this project included design, integration, and analysis of photovoltaic systems at a military community on Oahu. This phase of the project was conducted as part of Forest City's second Solar America Showcase Award.

Torres, J. J.

2012-03-01

310

Ocular problems in military free fall parachutists.  

PubMed

Military free fall parachutists may be unaware of the risk of corneal freezing and desiccation keratitis should their goggles come off during free fall in subfreezing temperatures. We determine the incidence of ocular difficulties in military free fall parachutists and the role freezing temperatures may play in causing these problems. We found that 79% of those who responded to the survey had lost their goggles at least once during free fall and 69% experienced ocular symptoms after goggle loss. Analysis shows a 30-fold increase in the duration of symptoms in subfreezing vs. above-freezing temperatures, with the odds of the ground mission being affected at 7.3 per 100 jumps in the subfreezing group. The rate of goggles coming off per jump is 3.3 times less with >75 jumps. Contact lenses are not protective and photorefractive keratectomy was not detrimental. PMID:12392242

Gruppo, Leonard; Mader, Thomas H; Wedmore, Ian

2002-10-01

311

37. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION ELEVATED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - ELEVATED VIEW OF FIVE (5) 1200 HORSEPOWER STANDBY - POWER DIESEL ENGINE/GENERATOR SETS. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

312

36. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION CLOSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

36. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - CLOSE UP VIEW OF 1200 HORSEPOWER STANDBY POWER DIESEL ENGINE/GENERATOR SETS. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

313

World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency has placed online the full text of its 1996 WMEAT report, a reference on military expenditure, arms transfers, armed forces, and related economic data for 172 countries over the 1985-1995 decade. The data is comprehensive, up-to-date, and accompanied by analyses and highlights. Users may also choose to download selected portions of the larger report, including Highlights and Country Rankings.

314

Optical Coherence Tomography–Based Corneal Power Measurement and Intraocular Lens Power Calculation Following Laser Vision Correction (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to measure corneal power and improve the selection of intraocular lens (IOL) power in cataract surgeries after laser vision correction. Methods: Patients with previous myopic laser vision corrections were enrolled in this prospective study from two eye centers. Corneal thickness and power were measured by Fourier-domain OCT. Axial length, anterior chamber depth, and automated keratometry were measured by a partial coherence interferometer. An OCT-based IOL formula was developed. The mean absolute error of the OCT-based formula in predicting postoperative refraction was compared to two regression-based IOL formulae for eyes with previous laser vision correction. Results: Forty-six eyes of 46 patients all had uncomplicated cataract surgery with monofocal IOL implantation. The mean arithmetic prediction error of postoperative refraction was 0.05 ± 0.65 diopter (D) for the OCT formula, 0.14 ± 0.83 D for the Haigis-L formula, and 0.24 ± 0.82 D for the no-history Shammas-PL formula. The mean absolute error was 0.50 D for OCT compared to a mean absolute error of 0.67 D for Haigis-L and 0.67 D for Shammas-PL. The adjusted mean absolute error (average prediction error removed) was 0.49 D for OCT, 0.65 D for Haigis-L (P=.031), and 0.62 D for Shammas-PL (P=.044). For OCT, 61% of the eyes were within 0.5 D of prediction error, whereas 46% were within 0.5 D for both Haigis-L and Shammas-PL (P=.034). Conclusions: The predictive accuracy of OCT-based IOL power calculation was better than Haigis-L and Shammas-PL formulas in eyes after laser vision correction. PMID:24167323

Huang, David; Tang, Maolong; Wang, Li; Zhang, Xinbo; Armour, Rebecca L.; Gattey, Devin M.; Lombardi, Lorinna H.; Koch, Douglas D.

2013-01-01

315

Expert system technology for the military  

SciTech Connect

This paper is concerned with the applications of expert systems to complex military problems. A brief description of needs for expert systems in the military arena is given. A short tutorial on some of the elements of an expert system is found in Appendix I. An important aspect of expert systems concerns using uncertain information and ill-defined procedures. Many of the general techniques of dealing with uncertainty are described in Appendix II. These techniques include Bayesian certainty factors, Dempster-Shafer theory of uncertainty, and Zadeh's fuzzy set theory. The major portion of the paper addresses specific expert system examples such as resource allocation, identification of radar images, maintenance and troubleshooting of electronic equipment, and the interpretation and understanding of radar images. Extensions of expert systems to incorporate learning are examined in the context of military intelligence to determine the disposition, location, and intention of the adversary. The final application involves the use of distributed communicating cooperating expert systems for battle management. Finally, the future of expert systems and their evolving capabilities are discussed.

Franklin, J.E.; Carmody, C.L.; Buteau, B.L.; Keller, K.; Levitt, T.S.

1988-10-01

316

Epidemiology of U.K. military burns.  

PubMed

The authors review the etiology of U.K. military burns in light of increasing hybrid warfare. Analysis of the nature of these injured personnel will provide commanders with the evidence to plan for on-going and future operations. Case notes of all U.K. Armed Forces burn injured patients who were evacuated to the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine were reviewed. Demographics, burn severity, pattern, and mortality details were included. There were 134 U.K. military personnel with burns requiring return to the United Kingdom during 2001-2007. The median age was 27 (20-62) years. Overall, 60% of burns seen were "accidental." Burning waste, misuse or disrespect of fuel, and scalds were the most prevalent noncombat burns. Areas commonly burned were the face, legs, and hands. During 2006-2007 in the two major conflicts, more than 59% (n = 36) of the burned patients evacuated to the United Kingdom were injured during combat. Burns sustained in combat represent 5.8% of all combat casualties and were commonly associated with other injuries. Improvised explosive device, minestrike, and rocket-propelled grenade were common causes. The mean TBSA affected for both groups was 5% (1-70). The majority of combat burn injuries have been small in size. Greater provision of flame retardant equipment and clothing may reduce the extent and number of combat burns in the future. The numbers of noncombat burns are being reduced by good military discipline. PMID:21422938

Foster, Mark Anthony; Moledina, Jamil; Jeffery, Steve L A

2011-01-01

317

Student Use of Relational and Influence Messages in Response to Perceived Instructor Power Use in American and Chinese College Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine a theoretical model explaining the influence of instructor power (i.e., coercive, reward, legitimate, expert, referent) on students' relational and social influence communication behaviors (i.e., student affinity-seeking strategies, student behavior alteration techniques) across two cultures. Participants…

Goodboy, Alan K.; Bolkan, San; Myers, Scott A.; Zhao, Xing

2011-01-01

318

Urban African-American males' perceptions of condom use, gender and power, and HIV/STD prevention program.  

PubMed Central

The overall goal of the research project was to develop, administer and assess a brief male-focused condom promotion program for inner-city young adult African-American males. To achieve that goal, we conducted a formative study consisting of both quantitative and qualitative research methods. For the qualitative component, which was guided by the relevant tenets of the social cognitive theory and the stages of change model, a series of focus group discussions was conducted among the target population based upon a thematic topic guide that covered three broad areas: young men's perceptions of condom use relative to pregnancy and HIV/sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention, gender-based issues surrounding condom use, and potential guidelines for the development of customized condom promotion programs. Those focus group discussions were audiotaped and the transcribed data summarized and analyzed based on those thematic topics. The findings revealed that respondents were more likely to assume that they know the risk behaviors of their sexual partners, more likely to consider pregnancy as a socially desirable outcome, more likely to control condom use within relationship dynamics and sexual contexts, and also more likely to provide suggestions on suitable components for program development. The implications and limitations of those findings from this qualitative component of the project are herein described, including potential recommendations for program development. PMID:18229776

Kennedy, Stephen B.; Nolen, Sherry; Applewhite, Jeffrey; Waiter, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

319

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2010-07-01

320

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2013-07-01

321

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2012-01-01

322

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2014-01-01

323

41 CFR 102-33.230 - May we use military FSCAP on non-military FAA-type certificated Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FAA-type certificated Government aircraft? You may use dual-use military FSCAP on non-military aircraft operated under restricted...S. Military Surplus Flight Safety Critical Aircraft Parts, Engines, and...

2011-01-01

324

Evidence-based medicine in military orthopaedics: are we doing our part?  

PubMed

The clinical application of evidence-based medicine is influenced by the quality of the published literature. Journals assign objective levels of evidence to articles to describe the quality and reliability of individual articles. Studies assigned levels I to III are considered higher quality studies. This study reviewed 60 continuous years of the American edition of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery to analyze trends in the quality of research published by U.S. military orthopaedic surgeons. Three hundred and six of 371 identified articles were assigned a level of evidence from I to V. These were then analyzed to determine if military orthopaedic surgeons were producing higher quality studies over time. Over time, the total number of articles published decreased. However, the number of higher quality studies and average level of evidence per decade improved over time. This trend toward publishing higher quality studies is consistent with the general orthopaedic community and highlights the need for continued work by the military orthopaedic community to conduct higher quality studies. PMID:24875335

Tennent, David J; Bailey, James R; Ficke, James R; Stinner, Daniel J

2014-01-01

325

Mortality of first world war military personnel: comparison of two military cohorts  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify the impact of the first world war on the lifespan of participating military personnel (including in veterans who survived the war). Design Comparison of two cohorts of military personnel, followed to death. Setting Military personnel leaving New Zealand to participate in the first world war. Participants From a dataset of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, we randomly selected participants who embarked on troopships in 1914 and a comparison non-combat cohort who departed on troopships in late 1918 (350 in each group). Main outcome measures Lifespan based on dates of birth and death from a range of sources (such as individual military files and an official database of birth and death records). Results A quarter of the 1914 cohort died during the war, with deaths from injury predominating (94%) over deaths from disease (6%). This cohort had a significantly shorter lifespan than the late 1918 “non-combat” cohort, with median ages of death being 65.9 versus 74.2, respectively (a difference of 8.3 years shown also in Kaplan-Meier survival curves, log rank P<0.001). The difference for the lifespan of veterans in the postwar period was more modest, with median ages of death being 72.6 versus 74.3, respectively (a difference of 1.7 years, log rank P=0.043). There was no evidence for differences between the cohorts in terms of occupational class, based on occupation at enlistment. Conclusions Military personnel going to the first world war in 1914 from New Zealand lost around eight years of life (relative to a comparable military cohort). In the postwar period they continued to have an increased risk of premature death. PMID:25516379

Clement, Christine; Summers, Jennifer A; Bannister, John; Harper, Glyn

2014-01-01

326

Flying and dying in WWI: British aircrew losses and the origins of U.S. military aviation medicine.  

PubMed

In 1918, 1920, and 1935, William H. Wilmer wrote that of every 100 British military pilot deaths during the first year of World War I, 90 resulted from individual deficiencies (60 of these from physical defects), 8 from aircraft defects, and 2 from enemy action. "As a result of these appalling findings, the British established a special service for the 'Care of the Flier,'" thus reducing deaths from physical defects to "20% during the second year and 12% during the third." Wilmer never specified the source of his statistics. American aeromedical texts have long cited his '90-8-2' numbers as the basis for establishing the U.S. military flight surgeon system in 1918, but these statistics never appeared in British aeromedical literature. Given the frail aircraft and sketchy mishap investigations of that era, it seems unlikely that pilot deficiencies (today, "human factors") were proven to have caused 90% of British aviation-related deaths in 1914-15, or that their military aviation medicine program reduced human factor losses to just 12% of total pilot fatalities by 1917. Recent analyses from academic British sources demonstrate that of 153 British military fliers who died while flying between August 1914 and December 1915, 89 (58%) were killed in action or died of their wounds soon after being shot down, and 64 (42%) perished from injuries suffered in training or operational mishaps. This article reviews the history of early British and American military aeromedical services, and proposes replacement of the 90-8-2 statistic with a ratio of 58:42. PMID:18309913

Jones, David R

2008-02-01

327

Thermoregulatory modeling use and application in the military workforce.  

PubMed

Thermoregulatory models have been used in the military to quantify probabilities of individuals' thermal-related illness/injury. The uses of the models have diversified over the past decade. This paper revisits an overall view of selected thermoregulatory models used in the U.S. military and provides examples of actual practical military applications: 1) the latest military vehicle designed with armor and blast/bulletproof windows was assessed to predict crews' thermal strains levels inside vehicles under hot environment (air temperature [Ta]: 29-43 °C, dew point: 13 °C); 2) a military working dog (MWD) model was developed by modifying existing human thermoregulatory models with canine physical appearance and physiological mechanisms; 3) thermal tolerance range of individuals from a large military group (n = 100) exposed to 35 °C/40% relative humidity were examined using thermoregulatory modeling and multivariate statistical analyses. Model simulation results assist in the decisions for the strategic planning and preventions of heat stress. PMID:24075557

Yokota, Miyo; Berglund, Larry G; Xu, Xiaojiang

2014-05-01

328

Veteran and Military Services Community Directory  

E-print Network

Soldier's Heart...p.7-8 Disability Services...p. 9 Dogs for Deaf and Disabled Americans...p. 9 *Canines programming including grief and loss counseling, nutritional and fitness education, self esteem and ego

329

Military Applications: Human Factors Aspects of Speech-Based Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a When considering military applications of speech-based interactive systems, there are some which are specific to the military\\u000a domain, and some which are more general, for example, office-type applications (dictation, directory and information enquiries;\\u000a see Jokinen [23]) and training. The emphasis in the chapter is on the more specific military applications although some of\\u000a the general applications are discussed. Two key

Jan M. Noyes; Ellen Haas

330

[Osgood-Schlatter disease in military personnel].  

PubMed

Clinical and radiological manifestations and outcomes of Osgood - Schlatter disease in 141 serviceman held military service are presented. Patients had the late stage of disease. Authors describe four options of radiological signs. Indications for surgical treatment are substantiated. Proved traumatic nature of the disease in the adolescent growth period. Analysis of observational data allows us to conclude that the primary manifestations of trauma of shinbone area can occur in patellar ligament and apophasis of shinbone. In old cases of Osgood-Schlatter disease location and nature of the damage can be determined by hystotope analysis. This disease is one of the manifestations of heterotopic ossification. PMID:25046923

Krylov, N L

2014-02-01

331

Evaluation of military field-water quality  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to develop drinking-water standards for field water for selected threat agents of concern, including radioactivity. The threat agents of concern in addition to radioactivity are the classical chemical-warfare compounds hydrogen cyanide, organophosphorus nerve agents, and lewisite, as well as a fungal metabolite identified only recently as a possible threat agent, the trichothecene mycotoxin. The recommended standards are applicable only to military personnel deployed in the field, and they are meant to protect against performance-degrading effects resulting from the ingestion of the substances in field water. 25 refs., 11 figs., 19 tabs.

Daniels, J.I. (ed.); Anspaugh, L.R.; Layton, D.W.

1990-01-01

332

Overview of military technology at NASA Langley  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Langley Research Center began addressing major research topics pertinent to the design of military aircraft under the egis of The National Advisory Council on Aeronautics in 1917, until 1958, when it passed under the control of the newly-instituted NASA research facilities system. A historical account is presented of NASA-Langley's involvement in the experimental investigation of twin-engined jet aircraft nozzle interfairings, thrust reversers, high-efficiency supersonic cruise configurations, high-alpha aerodynamics, air-to-air combat handling qualities, wing/stores flutter suppression, and store carriage and separation characteristics.

Sawyer, Wallace C.; Jackson, Charlie M., Jr.

1989-01-01

333

Polymer Fabric Protects Firefighters, Military, and Civilians  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1967, NASA contracted with Celanese Corporation, of New York, to develop a line of PBI textiles for use in space suits and vehicles. In 2005, the PBI fiber and polymer business was sold to PBI Performance Products Inc., of Charlotte, North Carolina, under the ownership of the InterTech Group, of North Charleston, South Carolina. PBI Performance Products now offers two distinct lines: PBI, the original heat and flame resistant fiber; and Celazole, a family of high-temperature PBI polymers available in true polymer form. PBI is now used in numerous firefighting, military, motor sports, and other applications.

2008-01-01

334

Compassion fatigue in military healthcare teams.  

PubMed

Since the onset of the Iraq war and Afghanistan conflicts, military healthcare teams have had increasing exposure to the traumatic effects of caring for wounded warriors, leading to a phenomenon termed compassion fatigue. The purpose of this integrative review was to develop a proposed definition for compassion fatigue in support of these teams. There is no current standardized formal definition, and this lack of clarity can inhibit intervention. Seven main themes evolved from the literature review and were integrated with the core elements of the Bandura Social Cognitive Theory Model as the first step in developing a uniformed definition. PMID:24506980

Owen, Regina Peterson; Wanzer, Linda

2014-02-01

335

Snapping scapula syndrome in the military.  

PubMed

Snapping scapula syndrome is a rare condition resulting in painful crepitus of the scapulothoracic articulation that may be more common in a military population because of significant upper extremity load-bearing activities. Conservative management is the first-line therapy and is successful in up to 80% of patients. For those patients who fail conservative management, arthroscopic bursectomy and partial scapulectomy is a reasonable option, but is technically demanding and requires an in-depth understanding of the complex anatomy of the scapulothoracic region. PMID:25280621

Patzkowski, Jeanne C; Owens, Brett D; Burns, Travis C

2014-10-01

336

Introduction: military neurosurgery, past and present.  

PubMed

For a physician has the worth of many other warriors, both for the excision of arrows and for the administration of soothing drugs. Homer, Iliad XI.514-515 Ever since armed conflict has been used as a means to settle disputes among men, there have been those who have been tasked to mend the wounds that ravage a soldier's body from the weapons of war. The Iliad portrays the pivotal 10th year of the legendary Trojan War, during which a schism in the Greek leadership prolongs the extended siege of the city of Troy. In the midst of this martial epic come the lines quoted above, quietly attesting to the value of the military physician, even under the crude conditions of the Greek Dark Age. They are uttered by Idomeneus, one of the foremost Greeks, when he is enjoining one of his comrades, Nestor, to rescue the injured Greek physician Machaon and take him back from the line to treat his wounds. He is afraid that Machaon will be captured by the Trojans, a loss far greater than that of any other single warrior. Duty to country has helped shape the careers of many neurosurgeons, including iconic US figures such as Harvey Cushing and Donald Matson. This issue of Neurosurgical Focus celebrates the rich history of military neurosurgery from the wars of yesterday to the conflicts of today. We have been humbled by the tremendous response to this topic. The 25 articles within this issue will provide the reader with both a broad and an in-depth look at the many facets of military neurosurgery. We have attempted to group articles based on their predominant topic. We also encourage our audience to read other recently published articles. The first 8 articles relate to the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. The lead article, written by Randy Bell and colleagues from the National Naval Medical Center and Walter Reed Army Medical Center, discusses what is arguably one of the most important contributions by military neurosurgeons from these 2 conflicts: the rapid and aggressive use of decompressive craniectomies. This is followed by articles on decompressive craniectomy techniques by Ragel and colleagues and cranioplasty outcomes by Stephens and colleagues. After reading these articles, the reader will come away with an appreciation of the often complex nature of wartime penetrating and closed-head injuries and the remarkable recovery that many injured soldiers make with time. PMID:20568950

Klimo, Paul; Ragel, Brian T

2010-05-01

337

Central American electrical interconnection  

SciTech Connect

A technical cooperation grant of $2.25 million, designed to strengthen the capacity of Central American countries to operate their regional interconnected electrical system, was announced by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The grant, extended from the banks Fund for Special Operations, will help improve the capacity of the regions electric power companies to achieve economical, safe operation of the interconnected electric power systems. The funds will also be used to finance regional studies of the accords, procedures, regulations, and supervisory mechanisms for the system, as well as program development and data bases.

Not Available

1988-12-01

338

Military Career Paths. Career Progression Patterns for Selected Occupations from the Military Career Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was developed in response to requests from guidance professionals for information about career progression in the military. It presents descriptions of typical career development patterns over a 20-year period for 25 enlisted and 13 officer occupations. The enlisted occupations are: administrative support specialists, air crew…

Military Entrance Processing Command (DOD), North Chicago, IL.

339

Suicide in The United States Military and Other Nations’ Militaries: A Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The completion of suicide is permanent and tragic with long term repercussions affecting everyone who knew the victim. Suicidal ideations and behaviors can occur across all genders, ages, ethnicities, and nationalities. A recent increase in the suicide rates of active duty United States military personnel has raised alarm. A comprehensive review of the literature published between 1990 to present was

Francesca Piscitelli

2011-01-01

340

Job Satisfaction and the Perceived Organizational Culture of U.S. Military and Military Affiliated Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics, level of job satisfaction, and current/preferred organizational culture in a sample of 139 off-campus military degree program participants. Responses were received from undergraduate students in the fields of engineering, applied sciences and arts, and education. "The Job…

Diffenauer, Deborah A.

2010-01-01

341

Use of Ubiquitous Technologies in Military Logistic System in Iran  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is about integration and evaluation of RFID and ubiquitous technologies in military logistic system management. Firstly, supply chain management and the necessity of a revolution in logistic systems especially in military area, are explained. Secondly RFID and ubiquitous technologies and the advantages of their use in supply chain management are introduced. Lastly a system based on these technologies for controlling and increasing the speed and accuracy in military logistic system in Iran with its unique properties, is presented. The system is based on full control of military logistics (supplies) from the time of deployment to replenishment using sensor network, ubiquitous and RFID technologies.

Jafari, P.; Sadeghi-Niaraki, A.

2013-09-01

342

Site Plan & Transverse Section Chickamauga National Military Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Site Plan & Transverse Section - Chickamauga National Military Park Tour Roads, Alexander's Bridge, At the confluence of West Chickamauga Creek and Gordon's Slough, Fort Oglethorpe, Catoosa County, GA

343

Chickamauga National Military Park Tour Roads, Gordon's Slough Bridge, At ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Chickamauga National Military Park Tour Roads, Gordon's Slough Bridge, At the confluence of Alexander's Bridge Road and Gordon's Slough, southeast of Alexander's Bridge, Fort Oglethorpe, Catoosa County, GA

344

Strategic stalemate: Nuclear weapons and arms control in American politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents a concise analysis of the American debate over arms control measures from the atmospheric test ban treaty of 1963 to the present. The author demonstrates the continuity of positions held by the participants throughout. There are two ''camps:'' those who stress security through military means and those who believe above all in arms control or disarmament. The

Krepon

1984-01-01

345

Military Education. Information on Service Academies and Schools. Briefing Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination was made of the feasibility of relocating professional military education institutions to the various military academies. Officer professional military education was reviewed to determine the following: (1) how the services define professional military education; (2) where professional military education courses are conducted; (3)…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. National Security and International Affairs Div.

346

Trauma Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Women in the United States Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expanding roles of women in the military, and the negative effect of military trauma, make their mental health a priority. This article reviews literature on military trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the provision of mental health services among females in the U.S. military. The literature suggests that female military personnel experience three main types of trauma, and these are:

Josphine Chaumba; Brian E. Bride

2010-01-01

347

Midterm to far term applications of electromagnetic guns and associated power technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines dramatic new applications in the military, civilian, and commercial sectors of technologies spun off from ongoing military electromagnetic (EM) gun and associated power research programs. Mobile military EM guns systems may provide highly cost effective new defensive and offensive capabilities against stressing future threats. EM guns could provide a revolutionary now approach to launching payloads into space from the Earth for fast response military missions and very low cost civilian and commercial launch. The power technology evolving from EM gun military programs may lead to extraordinary performances in interplanetary spacecraft propulsion and even in electric automobiles.

Palmer, Miles R.

1993-01-01

348

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26

349

ELIST8: simulating military deployments in Java  

SciTech Connect

Planning for the transportation of large amounts of equipment, troops, and supplies presents a complex problem. Many options, including modes of transportation, vehicles, facilities, routes, and timing, must be considered. The amount of data involved in generating and analyzing a course of action (e.g., detailed information about military units, logistical infrastructures, and vehicles) is enormous. Software tools are critical in defining and analyzing these plans. Argonne National Laboratory has developed ELIST (Enhanced Logistics Intra-theater Support Tool), a simulation-based decision support system, to assist military planners in determining the logistical feasibility of an intra-theater course of action. The current version of ELIST (v.8) contains a discrete event simulation developed using the Java programming language. Argonne selected Java because of its object-oriented framework, which has greatly facilitated entity and process development within the simulation, and because it fulfills a primary requirement for multi-platform execution. This paper describes the model, including setup and analysis, a high-level architectural design, and an evaluation of Java.

Van Groningen, C. N.; Blachowicz, D.; Braun, M. D.; Simunich, K. L.; Widing, M. A.

2002-04-12

350

Military Education and Research Library Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.

2000-01-01

351

A Comprehensive Program for Measurement of Military Aircraft Emissions  

SciTech Connect

Emissions of gases and particulate matter by military aircraft were characterized inplume by 'extractive' and 'optical remote-sensing (ORS)' technologies. Non-volatile particle size distribution, number and mass concentrations were measured with good precision and reproducibly. Time-integrated particulate filter samples were collected and analyzed for smoke number, elemental composition, carbon contents, and sulfate. Observed at EEP the geometric mean diameter (as measured by the mobility diameter) generally increased as the engine power setting increased, which is consistent with downstream observations. The modal diameters at the downstream locations are larger than that at EEP at the same engine power level. The results indicate that engine particles were processed by condensation, for example, leading to particle growth in-plume. Elemental analysis indicated little metals were present in the exhaust, while most of the exhaust materials in the particulate phase were carbon and sulfate (in the JP-8 fuel). CO, CO{sub 2}, NO, NO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, HCHO, ethylene, acetylene, propylene, and alkanes were measured. The last five species were most noticeable under engine idle condition. The levels of hydrocarbons emitted at high engine power level were generally below the detection limits. ORS techniques yielded real-time gaseous measurement, but the same techniques could not be extended directly to ultrafine particles found in all engine exhausts. The results validated sampling methodology and measurement techniques used for non-volatile particulate aircraft emissions, which also highlighted the needs for further research on sampling and measurement for volatile particulate matter and semi-volatile species in the engine exhaust especially at the low engine power setting.

Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL

2009-11-01

352

Self-efficacy as a mediator of the relationship between subjective well-being and general health of military cadets.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to investigate the role of self-efficacy beliefs as a mediator of the relationship between the subjective well-being and general health of military cadets (police and firefighters). For this study, 228 cadets participated, the majority being Military Police officer candidates (65%), male (79%), between 17 and 34 years of age (99%), and unmarried (74%). They responded to questionnaires on general health (GHQ-12), perceived general self-efficacy, to the multiple scales that cover subjective well-being, and demographic questions. Initial regression analyses indicate the predictive power of subject well-being regarding general health. Subsequently, the mediation analyses provide satisfactory evidence for the role of perceived self-efficacy as a mediator of the relationship between the subjective well-being variables and the overall health of military cadets. The implications of these results for the professional training of the cadets are discussed. PMID:25493985

Souza, Luciane Albuquerque Sá de; Torres, Ana Raquel Rosas; Barbosa, Genário Alves; Lima, Tiago Jessé Souza de; Souza, Luana Elayne Cunha de

2014-11-01

353

Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to  

E-print Network

Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Samuel Booth, John;Technical Report Net Zero Energy Military NREL/TP-7A2-48876 Installations: A Guide to August 2010 Assessment .......................................................................................................................................1 1 Introduction: Net Zero Energy In DoD Context

354

Division of Human Resources Leave for Active Military Duty  

E-print Network

Division of Human Resources Leave for Active Military Duty Human Resources / Attendance and Leave recalled to active duty, it is critical that the Division of Human Resources is immediately notified. A military leave impacts terms and conditions of employment and staff and the Division of Human Resources

Meyers, Steven D.

355

The Operational Strengths and Weaknesses of Military Night Vision Equipment  

E-print Network

The Operational Strengths and Weaknesses of Military Night Vision Equipment Chris Johnson, Dept the strengths and weaknesses of night vision systems. It is argued that there is an urgent need to review their operational benefits. Good vision is essential for many military operations, such as driving over broken

Johnson, Chris

356

Dermatology in the military field: What physicians should know?  

PubMed Central

In the civilian dermatological setting, the top 5 skin diseases usually seen are eczema/dermatitis, acne, benign skin tumors, viral infections and pigmentary disorders. In comparison, the top 5 skin conditions encountered in the military sector are usually fungal infections, eczema/dermatitis, insect bite reactions, bacterial infections and acne. This is not surprising as military personnel, due to the special environment and vocations they are in, are prone to getting eczema as heat, sweating and wearing of the military uniform aggravate the condition. Fungal infections are common in those who wear the army boots. Insect bite reactions are not an uncommon sight among those who have to go to the jungle regularly for outfield training. Grass allergy or intolerance, contact dermatitis or acneiform eruption due to the application of military camouflage cream on the face, contact dermatitis to insect repellents, and military uniform allergy and intolerance are amongst the commonest dermatological problems encountered in the military field, and physicians should recognize them, investigate and manage these problems accordingly. Lastly, a diagnosis not to be missed in the military field is cutaneous melioidosis, especially when a military personnel presents with a non-healing ulcer. PMID:24340268

Chong, Wei-Sheng

2013-01-01

357

Sexual Violence among Men in the Military in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is about sexual violence among men in the military in South Korea. The authors investigated the frequencies, causes, and circumstances surrounding sexual violence and looked for characteristic features of sexual violence among men in the military in South Korea. They found a high frequency of physical sexual violence and a high level…

Kwon, Insook; Lee, Dong-Ok; Kim, Elli; Kim, Hyun-Young

2007-01-01

358

Transnational Norms and Military Development:Constructing Ireland's Professional Army  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact of transnational norms on military development. In so doing, it combines constructivism's study of systemic norms with culturalist work on unit-level norms. I focus on two transnational norms — norms of conventional warfare and norms of civilian supremacy — and show how they shape military development through a case study of post-revolutionary Ireland. I draw

THEO FARRELL

2001-01-01

359

Colleges Venture Off Campus to Bridge Military-Civilian Divide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nation's veteran population is expected to swell by a million or more in coming years as the military winds down more than a decade of conflicts. How veterans adjust to life out of uniform has become the subject of heightened scrutiny in the military community and beyond. As today's returning service members confront a stagnant economy--and a…

Sander, Libby

2012-01-01

360

Women and the Military. A WEAL Fund Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide useful information on women in the military, this kit is intended for students, teachers, guidance counselors, parents, policy officials, women's studies programs, librarians, and those interested in the changing role of women. The first section includes a paper on Common Misconceptions about Women in the Military and issue…

Women's Equity Action League Educational and Legal Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

361

Research of Integrating Military Storage Resources Based on Storage Virtualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In information warfare (IW), information storage is one of important processes to obtaining information dominance. Existing military storage systems are mostly independent, so they can't provide reliable and effective storage service for users. How to integrate existing military storage systems into a network storage system which have stronger compatibility, higher usability and better cooperation? It's the problem urgently need us

Qichao Xia; Lianxing Jia; Qicong Shen; Dan Feng

2006-01-01

362

Current state of OLED technology relative to military avionics requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper will review optical and environmental performance thresholds required for OLED technology to be used on various military platforms. Life study results will be summarized to highlight trends while identifying remaining performance gaps to make this technology viable for future military avionics platforms.

Tchon, Joseph L.; Barnidge, Tracy J.; Hufnagel, Bruce D.; Bahadur, Birendra

2014-06-01

363

Application of advanced technologies to future military transports  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Long range military transport technologies are addressed with emphasis of defining the potential benefits of the hybrid laminar flow control (HLFC) concept currently being flight tested. Results of a 1990's global range transport study are presented showing the expected payoff from application of advanced technologies. Technology forecast for military transports is also presented.

Clark, Rodney L.; Lange, Roy H.; Wagner, Richard D.

1990-01-01

364

WILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

WILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490 Campus@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Naturally occurring and human induced wildland fires on military in the western U.S. The magnitude of these fires is unprecedented in recent times and most experts agree

365

Vitamin D status in female military personnel during combat training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for maintaining bone health. Recent data suggest that vitamin D and calcium supplementation might affect stress fracture incidence in military personnel. Although stress fracture is a health risk for military personnel during training, no study has investigated changes in vitamin D status in Soldiers during United States (US) Army basic combat training (BCT). This

Nancy E Andersen; J Philip Karl; Sonya J Cable; Kelly W Williams; Jennifer C Rood; Andrew J Young; Harris R Lieberman; James P McClung

2010-01-01

366

Youth Labor Markets and the Military. The Rand Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the military plays an extremely important role in youth labor markets by providing not only jobs but also experience and training which can later be transferred to the civilian labor market. Following the introduction, section II examines the military's demand for labor; its fluctuations due to secular, cyclical, and…

Cooper, Richard V. L.

367

GIS EROSION ASSESSMENT AT A MILITARY TRAINING SITE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

U.S. military training facilities often experience significant environmental damage from soil erosion. Much of this erosion occurs on roads and trails created by repeated military vehicle traffic during training operations. If the roads are located on steep slopes or in areas of concentrated runoff,...

368

Tobacco Smoking as an Index of Military Personnel Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies indicate that smokers attrite from military service at significantly higher rates than nonsmokers. The purpose of the current effort is twofold: (a) to examine the implications of treating smoking status as a third military accession quality indicator along with educational credential and mental ability, and (b) to explore preservice psychosocial and health differences between smokers and nonsmokers in

Gerald E. Larson; Stephanie Booth-Kewley; Margaret A. K. Ryan

2007-01-01

369

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu The Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML and structures · Integrated Cultural Resource Management Plans (ICRMPs) · Archaeological resource monitoring

370

Reducing the Risks of Military Aircrew Training through Simulation Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of the types of risks associated with military aircrew training and the varieties of training devices and techniques currently utilized to minimize those risks includes an examination of flight trainer simulators and complex mission simulators for coping with military aviation hazards. Four references are listed. (Author/MER)

Farrow, Douglas R.

1982-01-01

371

Natural History of Mitral Valve Prolapse in Military Aircrew  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common cardiac abnormality whose natural history differs among various patient populations. High-performance flight is associated with exposure to varying acceleration forces and strenuous isometric physical activity. The effect of the military flying environment on the natural history and progression of MVP is poorly defined. Methods: We evaluated a cohort which included all military

Ori Wand; Alex Prokupetz; Alon Grossman; Amit Assa

2011-01-01

372

Natural Interaction Based Online Military Boxing Learning System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military boxing, a kind of Chinese martial arts, is widespread and health beneficial. In this paper, the authors introduce a military boxing learning system realized by 3D motion capture, Web3D and 3D interactive technologies. The interactions with the system are natural and intuitive. Users can observe and learn the details of each action of the…

Yang, Chenglei; Wang, Lu; Sun, Bing; Yin, Xu; Wang, Xiaoting; Liu, Li; Lu, Lin

2013-01-01

373

Periodontal status and treatment needs among spanish military personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Problems arising from poor gingival and periodontal health in military personnel account for around 10% of the emergencies of oral origin during deployments and manoeuvres. Consequently, it is important to ascertain the prior oral health situation among Spanish military personnel. Objective: To assess the periodontal health status and treatment needs of a population of Spanish Army personnel at the

Rafael Mombiedro Sandoval; Carmen Llena Puy; Carmen Llena

374

Mission Effectiveness Tradeoffs for Future Military Space Access Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future military space access vehicles may include Two-Stage-To-Orbit (TSTO) launch vehicles consisting of a reusable booster stage coupled with reusable or expendable upperstages. The characteristics of such potentially responsive space launch architectures have to be matched with envisioned scenarios of future conflict that will drive program launch rates. There are publicly available assessments of notional military space plane sortie requirements.

A. Charania; J. E. Bradford

375

MISSION GRADUATION: A Student Military and Veteran Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mission Graduation, a student military and veteran organization, is designed to meet the needs of military service students, veterans, and their families enrolled at Ivy Tech Community College. Mission Graduation, funded by a grant, brings awareness to the student veteran organization, provides transition programming and ongoing assistance, and…

Whikehart, John

2010-01-01

376

Military Curriculum. Overview: ERIC Fact Sheet No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Military Curriculum Project at the National Center for Research in Vocational Education has been responsible for reviewing approximately 1,400 military courses and selecting those which are applicable to civilian vocational and technical programs. The course materials have been found to be useful as classroom materials and as curriculum…

Arrington, Larry

377

Educators Supporting Families in Times of Crisis: Military Reserve Deployments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the large number of National Guard members and reservists being deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, public educators find themselves endeavoring to support the emotional and academic needs of military children and their families. Military children may exhibit behavioral and emotional difficulties during these deployments. Educator awareness of…

Harrison, Judy; Vannest, Kimberly J.

2008-01-01

378

A Study in Engineering and Military Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human nature and social awareness can often cause individuals to act or make decisions that are not considered moral or proper by the majority. Merriam-Webster defines ethics as a set of moral principles or a system of moral values.1 Most occupations that require the trust of the general public are held to high ethical standards. These professions include law, medical, engineering, and military, all of which have adopted systems that guide subscribed individuals through moral decision making processes. Most learned professions that uphold such standards prescribe a system of non-mandatory codes of conduct.2 Perhaps the most recognized professional code of ethics was reported by the National Society of Professional Engineers, which defines fundamental canons and includes explicit guidance on professional conduct. Because ethical behavior is essential to the profession of engineering, ABET Inc., has addressed this topic in Criterion 3, outcome (f): graduates will have an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. The environmental engineering program criteria (ABET Criterion 9) also requires an understanding of professional practice issues.3 There are numerous examples in the literature on how professional practice issues might be included in engineering curricula, but limited data on methods for assessment. The United States Military Academy (USMA) Environmental Engineering Program has a robust military ethical education and training program that spans the entire four year West Point experience. It is thought that the moral character development programs at USMA strongly support the professional practice requirements of EC2000.3 The USMA environmental engineering program has been assessing attainment of ethics and other professional practice requirements since ca. 1999. Because all graduates of the USMA environmental engineering program (unless granted a waiver by the program director) are required to take the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam (FEE), it has been used as a metric for this purpose since FEE subject data has been available. Longitudinal data on ethics questions, from the FEE, is presented in Figure 1. The USMA Environmental Engineering cadets have been tracking with the national average (for environmental engineers) on ethics since 2002.

Butkus, Michael; David, Gayle

2009-09-10

379

Personal values in soldiers after military deployment: associations with mental health and resilience  

PubMed Central

Background After military deployment, soldiers are at an increased risk of developing posttraumatic psychiatric disorders. The correlation of personal values with symptoms, however, has not yet been examined within a military context. Method Schwartz’s Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ), the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS), and the 11-item version of the Resilience Scale (RS-11) were completed by 117 soldiers of the German Armed Forces who had recently been deployed to Afghanistan (n=40 undergoing initial psychiatric treatment, n=77 untreated). Results Logistic regression showed that the value types of hedonism (?), power (?), tradition (+), and universalism (+) were significantly correlated with the probability and severity of PTSD and whether the participant was in treatment or not. The effects were partially mediated by the RS-11 scale values. Conclusions Value types seem to be associated with psychiatric symptoms in soldiers after deployment. These results could contribute to the further development of therapeutic approaches. PMID:24808938

Zimmermann, Peter; Firnkes, Susanne; Kowalski, Jens T.; Backus, Johannes; Siegel, Stefan; Willmund, Gerd; Maercker, Andreas

2014-01-01

380

Asymmetry of will : the effect of religious radicalism on state military doctrine  

E-print Network

How is a state's military doctrine affected by the presence of radical religious ideology in its military? Using analysis of satellite imagery, recent military exercises, and a series of source interviews, I examine the ...

Lewis, Patrick (Patrick Joseph)

2012-01-01

381

32 CFR 538.5 - Conversion of invalidated military payment certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Conversion of invalidated military payment certificates. 538.5 Section 538.5 ...AND ACCOUNTS MILITARY PAYMENT CERTIFICATES § 538.5 Conversion of invalidated military payment certificates. (a) When...

2010-07-01

382

75 FR 65462 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; Department of Defense Military...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and requirements of military families, including actions relating...representatives of military family organizations, including military family organizations that represent...shall remain in effect for the life of the Council, and these...

2010-10-25

383

75 FR 56516 - Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the control of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission or its...meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission as required...Accordingly, the Advisory Committee Management Officer for the Department...commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to...

2010-09-16

384

75 FR 16757 - Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...announces that the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC...commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to continue...implications of diversity management Decision Brief: Definition...statements to the Military Leadership Diversity Commission...

2010-04-02

385

75 FR 69641 - Meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Secretary Meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC) AGENCY...Advisory Committee meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC) will take...for the commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to continue...

2010-11-15

386

Preventing Suicides in the Military | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... of the military, veterans, and their families should contact any of the following military support resources if warning signs of suicide are present: Military OneSource Crisis Intervention Line 1-800-342-9647 The Defense Center of ...

387

32 CFR 536.125 - Statutory authority for Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) Claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true Statutory authority for Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) Claims...Claims Cognizable Under Article 139, Uniform Code of Military Justice § 536.125 Statutory authority for Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ)...

2010-07-01

388

33 CFR 165.1199 - Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord, California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...165.1199 Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...within 500 yards of the three Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO) piers in...

2012-07-01

389

33 CFR 165.1199 - Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord, California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...165.1199 Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...within 500 yards of the three Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO) piers in...

2013-07-01

390

33 CFR 165.1199 - Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord, California.  

...2014-07-01 false Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...165.1199 Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...within 500 yards of the three Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO) piers in...

2014-07-01

391

33 CFR 165.1199 - Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord, California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...165.1199 Security Zones; Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), Concord...within 500 yards of the three Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO) piers in...

2011-07-01

392

77 FR 23667 - Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Notice of...Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing will take place...Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness), Room...pencil tests for military enlistment....

2012-04-20

393

24 CFR 203.346 - Postponement of foreclosure-mortgagors in military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of foreclosure-mortgagors in military service. 203.346 Section...Obligations Forbearance Relief for Military Personnel § 203.346 Postponement of foreclosure—mortgagors in military service. If at any time...

2010-04-01

394

24 CFR 203.345 - Postponement of principal payments-mortgagors in military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...principal payments-mortgagors in military service. 203.345 Section...Obligations Forbearance Relief for Military Personnel § 203.345 Postponement of principal payments—mortgagors in military service. In addition to...

2011-04-01

395

32 CFR 536.74 - Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.74 Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) The guidance...destruction of, property: (1) Caused by military personnel or civilian employees...

2011-07-01

396

75 FR 22751 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Charter...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Charter Renewal AGENCY...Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing (hereafter referred...Readiness on matters pertaining to military personnel testing. The Committee...

2010-04-30

397

24 CFR 203.346 - Postponement of foreclosure-mortgagors in military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of foreclosure-mortgagors in military service. 203.346 Section...Obligations Forbearance Relief for Military Personnel § 203.346 Postponement of foreclosure—mortgagors in military service. If at any time...

2011-04-01

398

32 CFR 536.75 - Claims payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.75 Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) General...1) Caused by an act or omission of military personnel or civilian employees of the DA...

2011-07-01

399

78 FR 69392 - Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Notice of Federal...Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing. The purpose of the...developing computerized tests for military enlistment screening....

2013-11-19

400

76 FR 776 - Interim Change to the Military Freight Traffic Unified Rules Publication (MFTURP) NO. 1  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Army Interim Change to the Military Freight Traffic Unified Rules...Army, DoD. SUMMARY: The Military Surface Deployment and Distribution...interim change updates the personnel security requirements for...INFORMATION: Reference: Military Freight Traffic Unified...

2011-01-06

401

24 CFR 203.345 - Postponement of principal payments-mortgagors in military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...principal payments-mortgagors in military service. 203.345 Section...Obligations Forbearance Relief for Military Personnel § 203.345 Postponement of principal payments—mortgagors in military service. In addition to...

2010-04-01

402

78 FR 21349 - Defense Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing; Notice of...Advisory Committee on Military Personnel Testing will take place...Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness), Room...computerized tests for military enlistment....

2013-04-10

403

78 FR 64483 - Meeting of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council AGENCY: Department...of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council will take place. The...will be included in the 2013 Military Family Readiness Council reports to the...

2013-10-29

404

78 FR 54244 - Meeting of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council (MFRC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council (MFRC) AGENCY: Department...committee meeting of the Defense Military Family Readiness Council. The purpose of the...requirements for the support of military family readiness by the Department of...

2013-09-03

405

76 FR 56406 - Meeting of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council (MFRC); Cancellation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council (MFRC); Cancellation...the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council announced a meeting...of the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council (MFRC). The...

2011-09-13

406

48 CFR 252.225-7010 - Commercial Derivative Military Article-Specialty Metals Compliance Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Derivative Military Article-Specialty Metals Compliance Certificate. 252.225-7010...Derivative Military Article—Specialty Metals Compliance Certificate. As prescribed...Derivative Military Article—Specialty Metals Compliance Certificate (JUL 2009)...

2010-10-01

407

48 CFR 252.209-7005 - Reserve Officer Training Corps and military recruiting on campus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reserve Officer Training Corps and military recruiting on campus. 252.209-7005 Section...Reserve Officer Training Corps and military recruiting on campus. As prescribed in 209...Reserve Officer Training Corps and Military Recruiting on Campus (JAN 2000) (a)...

2010-10-01

408

48 CFR 3052.209-71 - Reserve Officer Training Corps and military recruiting on campus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reserve Officer Training Corps and military recruiting on campus. 3052.209-71 Section...Reserve Officer Training Corps and military recruiting on campus. As prescribed in (HSAR...Officer Training Corps and Military Recruiting on Campus (DEC 2003) (a)...

2010-10-01

409

Fruit Body Formation on Silkworm by Cordyceps militaris  

PubMed Central

Injection inoculation protocols for fruit body formation of Cordyceps militaris (C. militaris) were investigated to improve the incidence of infection in the silkworm species Bombyx mori (B. mori). Injection, with suspensions of C. militaris hyphal bodies into living silkworm pupae, was used to test for fruit body production. Use of Daeseungjam rather than Baegokjam or Keumokjam varieties of B. mori is thought to be suitable for infection by C. militaris. From mounting, nine-day-old to 11-day-old pupae showed the best incidence of infection with a 100 µL injection volume. Silkworm pupae injected with a hyphal suspension concentration of more than 2 × 105 colony-forming unit (cfu) recorded a greater than 96% incidence of infection. Also, fruit bodies of C. militaris were induced and produced at a light intensity between 500 and 1,000 lx. PMID:23956640

Kang, Pil-Don; Kim, Ki-Young; Nam, Sung-Hee; Lee, Man-Young; Choi, Yong-Soo; Kim, Nam-Suk; Kim, Hye-Kyung; Lee, Kwang-Gill; Humber, Richard A.

2010-01-01

410

Sleep and Military Members: Emerging Issues and Nonpharmacological Intervention  

PubMed Central

Background. Many individuals who work in the military experience sleep deficiency which presents a significant problem given the nature of their work. The cause of their sleep problems is likely multifactorial, stemming from the interplay between their personal health, habits and lifestyle juxtaposed with the stress of their military work such as emotional and physical trauma experienced in service. Objective. To present an overview of sleep deficiency in military members (MMs) and review of nonpharmacological treatment options. Discussion. Although there are a number of promising nonpharmacological treatment options available for people working in the military who experience problems sleeping, testing interventions within the context of the military are still in the early stages. Further research utilizing rigorous design and standardized, context appropriate outcome measures is needed to help treat this burgeoning problem. PMID:23956864

Brown, Cary A.; Berry, Robyn; Schmidt, Ashley

2013-01-01

411

Colonic trauma: modern civilian management and military surgical doctrine.  

PubMed Central

Colonic trauma, traditionally the domain of the military surgeon, has become commonplace in many parts of the world, where civilian surgeons have developed considerable experience with this complex type of injury. The author highlights the differences between military and civilian management concluding with an overview of current military research into battlefield colonic trauma. This paper reviews military surgical doctrine and summarizes the evolution in civilian surgical practice since the Second World War. South African management is discussed with reference to the author's travelling fellowship visit in 1993. Colonic trauma has been the subject of a military surgical research project, since 1992, with preliminary studies establishing an anastomotic technique suitable for use in the field. This work is summarized with an outline of the research programme. PMID:8537949

Royle, C A

1995-01-01

412

The Library of Congress: Military Legal Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress has developed a number of specialized digital collection designed to be of special use to researchers, and this very thorough collection of materials follows in that most welcome tradition. The site contains digitized legal documents and related ephemera such as the Military Law Review, various U.S. Army Field Manuals, and transcripts of the Nuremberg Trials. One important recent addition to these materials is a full set of the Commentaries on the 1949 Geneva Conventions, which were originally published between 1952 and 1959. Additionally, the site also contains legislative histories of such important acts as the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts of 1974. Finally, the site is rounded out by a section that provides direct links to the official investigations of the My Lai Incidents during the Vietnam War.

413

High-speed microelectronics for military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Future defense systems will require high-speed microcircuits for analog and digital applications. This includes digital devices which will operate with 25-MHz system clock, and contain in excess of 400,000 gates/sq cm. Analog devices operating as transmitters and receivers of signals up to 150 GHz will also be needed. A fundamental requirement for military systems is that they operate in hostile environments. In particular, they must survive after receiving large doses or dose transients of ionizing radiation. Micron and submicron engineering technology impacts each of these requirements. This paper describes the nature of this impact. Research and development in these technology areas at the Naval Research Laboratory is reviewed in this article.

Peckerar, M. C.; Neidert, R. E.

1983-05-01

414

A scheme for categorizing traumatic military events.  

PubMed

A common assumption among clinicians and researchers is that war trauma primarily involves fear-based reactions to life-threatening situations. However, the authors believe that there are multiple types of trauma in the military context, each with unique perievent and postevent response patterns. To test this hypothesis, they reviewed structured clinical interviews of 122 active duty service members and assigned the reported index (principal, most currently distressing) events to one or more of the following categories: Life Threat to Self, Life Threat to Others, Aftermath of Violence, Traumatic Loss, Moral Injury by Self, and Moral Injury by Others. They found high interrater reliability for the coding scheme and support for the construct validity of the categorizations. In addition, they discovered that certain categories were related to psychiatric symptoms (e.g., reexperiencing of the traumatic event, guilt, anger) and negative thoughts about the world. Their study provides tentative support for use of these event categories. PMID:22679239

Stein, Nathan R; Mills, Mary Alice; Arditte, Kimberly; Mendoza, Crystal; Borah, Adam M; Resick, Patricia A; Litz, Brett T

2012-11-01

415

[The formation of the School of Military Neurosurgery of the Military Medical Academy].  

PubMed

The article is devoted to stages of formation of the school of military neurosurgery. Famous pioneers of this school were Vsevolod Galkin and Boris Samotokin. Their scientific works were based on personal experience of treatment for the battle scull and brain injuries during the Great Patriotic War. The main aim of the activity of the talented researcher Vitally Khilko was to develop microneurosurgery, neuroimmunology and fundamental researchers of cerebral blood flow pathology. Boris Gaidar and Valeriy Parfyonov reorganized the echelon neurosurgical care system in a relatively short time. This reorganization formed the basis of the modem principles of specialized neurosurgical care in armed conflicts. At the present time department of neurosurgery is the leading methodological and clinical center of military neurosurgery in Russia. PMID:24738278

Ga?dar, B V; Parfenov, V E; Svistov, D V; Polezhaev, A V; Beliakov, K V; Ladnik, S A; Pisanov, N A

2013-12-01

416

Fatigue in military aviation: an overview of US military-approved pharmacological countermeasures.  

PubMed

Uncomfortable working and sleeping environments, high operational tempos, sustained operations, and insufficient staffing make fatigue a growing concern. In aviation, where a single mistake can cost millions of dollars, it is essential to optimize operator alertness. Although behavioral and administrative fatigue countermeasures should comprise the "first line" approach for sustaining aircrew performance, pharmacological fatigue countermeasures are often required. Various components of the U.S. military have authorized the use of specific compounds for this purpose. Hypnotics such as temazepam, zolpidem, or zaleplon can mitigate the fatigue associated with insufficient or disturbed sleep. Alertness-enhancing compounds such as caffeine, modafinil, or dextroamphetamine can temporarily bridge the gap between widely spaced sleep periods. Each of these medications has a role in sustaining the safety and effectiveness of military aircrews. The present paper provides a short overview of these compounds as well as factors to be considered before choosing one or more to help manage fatigue. PMID:16018329

Caldwell, John A; Caldwell, J Lynn

2005-07-01

417

An Exact Algorithm for Power Grid Interdiction Problem with Line ...  

E-print Network

seeks to minimize the satisfied load demand by removing up to K transmission lines; ... Because of its significance to the power industry, emer- gency planning ...... from power, military logistics, or other infrastructure systems. [9, 6, 28], can be

2012-01-08

418

38. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION AT INTERIOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION AT INTERIOR - OBLIQUE VIEW AT FLOOR LEVEL SHOWING DIESEL ENGINE/GENERATOR SET NUMBER 5. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

419

15. SITE BUILDING 004 ELECTRIC POWER STATION VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. SITE BUILDING 004 - ELECTRIC POWER STATION - VIEW IS LOOKING SOUTH 55° EAST AT FIVE DIESEL ENGINE/ GENERATOR SILENCER SYSTEM EXHAUST STACKS. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

420

Cultural heritage training in the US military.  

PubMed

Cultural competence is a vital component of many missions in today's military. Cultural competence enables one to further a mission, save resources, and save lives. Conversely, a lack of cultural competence may bring about challenges to mission completion, requirement for more resources, waste of resources, and destruction of lives. Cultural competence involves many components. One particular component is cultural heritage awareness and protection of cultural property. This study sought to assess current understanding of cultural property protection and determine the effectiveness of a training aimed at increasing cultural property protection awareness, knowledge, and comfort within the military setting. It was hypothesized that participants would vary in their level of awareness, knowledge, and comfort of cultural property protection, and that all would show a significant improvement in knowledge scores post training. Factors such as deployment experience were examined for potential correlation with measures such as awareness. A 14 question pre-read survey was developed to assess participants' demographics, awareness, knowledge, and comfort with cultural property protection. Awareness included value, laws, and procedures while knowledge examined "know how" such as how to bed down in a protected structure or communicate information about the structure. Comfort assessed one's comfort with engaging in the knowledge based tasks. A 24 question post read survey was administered to assess awareness, knowledge, and comfort, and to solicit additional feedback on the manual itself. The survey utilized a 1-5 rating scale with 1 representing no awareness, knowledge, or comfort and 5 representing absolute awareness, knowledge, and comfort with different aspects of cultural property protection. Cultural property protection value was highest pre and post training while knowledge regarding recovery of property was rated lowest pre and post training. Results are encouraging for the pursuit of cultural property education. Further studies should include knowledge assessment versus self rating as well as tracking of incidents and outcomes in the field. Implications for mission readiness and success are discussed. PMID:24741471

Svec, Leedjia

2014-01-01

421

Military Cohesion and Regime MaintenanceExplaining the Role of the Military in 1989 China and 1998 Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why are certain militaries in authoritarian regimes more effective in carrying out the task of regime maintenance than others? This is the central question of this article, which explains the Chinese and Indonesian militaries’differing responses to government orders to suppress the Tiananmen Square demonstrations of 1989 and the protests prior to the downfall of Indonesian President Suharto in 1998. The

Terence Lee

2005-01-01

422

Advancing botnet modeling techniques for military and security simulations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simulation environments serve many purposes, but they are only as good as their content. One of the most challenging and pressing areas that call for improved content is the simulation of bot armies (botnets) and their effects upon networks and computer systems. Botnets are a new type of malware, a type that is more powerful and potentially dangerous than any other type of malware. A botnet's power derives from several capabilities including the following: 1) the botnet's capability to be controlled and directed throughout all phases of its activity, 2) a command and control structure that grows increasingly sophisticated, and 3) the ability of a bot's software to be updated at any time by the owner of the bot (a person commonly called a bot master or bot herder.) Not only is a bot army powerful and agile in its technical capabilities, a bot army can be extremely large, can be comprised of tens of thousands, if not millions, of compromised computers or it can be as small as a few thousand targeted systems. In all botnets, their members can surreptitiously communicate with each other and their command and control centers. In sum, these capabilities allow a bot army to execute attacks that are technically sophisticated, difficult to trace, tactically agile, massive, and coordinated. To improve our understanding of their operation and potential, we believe that it is necessary to develop computer security simulations that accurately portray bot army activities, with the goal of including bot army simulations within military simulation environments. In this paper, we investigate issues that arise when simulating bot armies and propose a combination of the biologically inspired MSEIR infection spread model coupled with the jump-diffusion infection spread model to portray botnet propagation.

Banks, Sheila B.; Stytz, Martin R.

2011-06-01

423

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2012-10-01

424

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2013-10-01

425

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2014-10-01

426

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2011-10-01

427

Violent Video Games Recruit American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An expert on the sociology of video games highlights the power of this medium to popularize violence among children. But few are aware that some of the most technologically potent products are violent war games now being produced at taxpayer expense. These are provided free as a recruiting tool by the United States military. The author contends…

Lugo, William

2006-01-01

428

Low power systems for wireless microsensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low power wireless sensor networks pro- vide a new monitoring and control capability for civil and military applications in transportation, manufactur- ing, biomedical, environmental management, and safety and security systems. Wireless microsensor network nodes, operating at average and peak power levels con- strained by compact power sources, offer a range of important challenges for low power methods. This paper reports

K. Bult; Amit Burstein; D. Chang; Michael J. Dong; M. Fielding; E. Kruglick; J. Ho; F. Lin; T. H. Lin; William J. Kaiser; H. Marcy; R. Mukai; Phyllis R. Nelson; F. L. Newburg; Kristofer S. J. Pister; Gregory J. Pottie; Henry Sanchez; Oscar M. Stafsudd; K. Tan; S. Xue; J. Yao

1996-01-01

429

Civilian control of professionalizing militaries: implications of the Venezuelan case  

SciTech Connect

Highly professionalized militaries whose focus is internal security and national development have been shown to be prone to active, directive involvement in politics. In Latin America, this phenomenon has been most notably evident in Brazil since 1964 and Peru between 1968 and 1980. The Venezuelan military offers a case of a more moderately professionalized military which was exposed to the widely disseminated internal security doctrine of the 1960s but, on the surface, exhibited declining levels of militarism. This study examines the varying levels of civilian control in Venezuela between 1945 and 1979 in the context of increasing military professionalization, and seeks to clarify the theoretical relationship between the two variables by using a unique, if not deviant, case. After developing a theoretical definition of the general concept of control, the study derives a definition of civilian control which employs civilian and military behavior, civilian and military attitudes, and military motivations. Application of this definition to the Venezuelan case indicates that civilian control has been more tenuous than more superficial observation would indicate. The study shows that increases in professionalization led to strains on the consolidation of civilian control, while also showing that limits on the level and content of professionalization enabled Venezuela to avoid authoritarian consequences.

Anderson, R.B.

1985-01-01

430

Managing compliance and risk on military testing and training ranges.  

SciTech Connect

The downsizing of the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and the closure of military installations have resulted in attempts to end DOD control of large tracts of military testing and training ranges. In some cases, potential risks associated with unexploded ordnance and ordnance-related contaminants have hampered base closure and the transfer of DOD-controlled property. Such potential risks at both closing and active military installations have resulted in the promulgation of DOD directives and regulations by both the Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Furthermore, a DOD-authored regulation addressing risks to human health and the environment on closed and transferred military ranges, the Military Range Rule, is expected in the near future. This article describes the basic regulatory framework that is driving and will drive operations at active and closed military ranges. It also describes one strategy that can be used to manage compliance and risk on military testing and training ranges. The strategy involves developing a multi-phased information system that documents range-related activities and provides for increasingly sophisticated data collection and analysis techniques. In Phase I, the information system is assembled using existing information sources. In Phase II, the information collected in Phase I is used to populate a database is linked to maps by means of a Geographic Information System.

Martino, L.; Jiang, Z.; Hensley, J.; Barisas, S.; Environmental Assessment

1998-04-01

431

Restructuring military health care: the winds of change blow stronger.  

PubMed

The Military Health Services System is an enormously complex enterprise, consisting of more than 400,000 personnel in the active, reserve, and civilian workforce, operating 148 hospitals and over 800 medical and dental clinics worldwide, and serving nearly 9 million beneficiaries. Expenditures on military health care activities will exceed $15 billion in 1993. Yet many people in leadership positions in government--both inside and outside the Department of Defense--question whether the current organization of the Military Health Services System is appropriate to accomplish the Department's medical missions. Some insiders have observed that having three military medical services is having two too many--that a single "purple" medical service, or at least a single management structure such as a Defense Health Agency, would better meet military mission requirements as the Defense Department undergoes post-Cold War downsizing. One of the most pressing challenges facing military health care managers is how to best organize resources to provide timely access to quality care and achieve economies at a time when civilian health care is itself in turmoil. This article provides a long-awaited update on the spirited debate over the need to reorganize the Military Health Services System--and the prescriptions ordered so far to cure the system's perceived organizational ills. PMID:10127290

Lanier, J O; Boone, C

1993-01-01

432

Competence, risk, and resilience in military families: conceptual commentary.  

PubMed

This commentary highlights conceptual themes in the opening section of this special issue on military families in relation to a new synthesis of developmental systems theory that emerged from developmental, ecological, and family systems theory, as well as developmental psychopathology and risk/resilience frameworks. Articles in this special issue draw on these concepts to characterize and guide the burgeoning research on military families. This perspective emphasizes that multiple dynamic systems interact across levels to shape individual development, as well as the function of families and military units. Developmental timing is important for understanding how challenges of military life may impact individuals and families. Cascade effects are noted, where stress experienced by one family or service member can influence the function of other individuals or larger systems. Capacity for resilience is distributed across systems, including families and cultures, as well as resources or supports provided by military organizations to foster adaptive responses or recovery. These systems include schools and educational programs that play key roles in fostering and supporting resilience for children. Overall, developmental system concepts have considerable utility for guiding research with military families, particularly in regard to promoting resilience. Moreover, lessons learned from military families and programs may have much broader implications for many other nonmilitary children, families, and organizations that share similar goals and challenges. PMID:23877370

Masten, Ann S

2013-09-01

433

Military and Civilian Burn Injuries During Armed Conflicts  

PubMed Central

Summary Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment, and war burns have been described for more than 5,000 years of written history. Fire was probably utilized as a weapon long before that. With the ever-increasing destructive power and efficiency of modern weapons, casualties, both fatal and non-fatal, are reaching new highs, particularly among civilians who are becoming the major wartime targets in recent wars, accounting for most of the killed and wounded. Even though medical personnel usually believe that a knowledge of weaponry has little relevance to their ability to effectively treat injuries and that it may in some way be in conflict with their status, accorded under the Geneva and Hague treaties, it is imperative that they know how weapons are used and understand their effects on the human body. The present review explores various categories of weapons of modern warfare that are unfamiliar to most medical and paramedical personnel responsible for burn treatment. The mechanisms and patterns of injury produced by each class of weapons are examined so that a better understanding of burn management in a warfare situation may be achieved. PMID:21991098

Atiyeh, B.S.; Gunn, S.W.A.; Hayek, S.N.

2007-01-01

434

A liquid over-feeding military air conditioner  

SciTech Connect

A 3.3-ton military air conditioning unit has been studied experimentally in both baseline (as received) and as modified for liquid over-feeding (LOF) operation. Tne baseline test, using a proper refrigerant charge, showed the measured cooling capacity to be less than 1% off the rated capacity at 95{degrees}F ambient temperature. The test results indicate that LOF operation outperforms the baseline case over a wide ambient temperature range in terms of cooling capacity, power consumption, and system coefficient of performance (COP). At a 95{degrees}F test point, LOF operation has a cooling capacity of 51,100 BTU per hour, which is a 28.9% improvement over the baseline operation capacity of 39,600 BTU per hour. The COP for LOF at 95{degrees}F is 2.62, which is 29% better than the baseline COP of 2.03. However, an optimal refrigerant charge is essential for LOF to work properly.

Mei, V.C.; Chen, F.C.

1995-07-01

435

Literature for American Power Conference  

SciTech Connect

Recent experimental work of the Toulouse-Argonne collaboration has opened the perspective of a focusing gamma-ray telescope operating in the energy range of nuclear transitions, featuring unprecedented sensitivity, angular and energy resolution. The instrument consists of a tunable crystal diffraction lens situated on a stabilized spacecraft, focusing gamma-rays onto a small array of Germanium detectors perched on an extendible boom. While the weight of such an instrument is less than 500 kg, it features an angular resolution of 15 in., an energy resolution of 2 keV and a 3 {sigma} narrow line sensitivity of a few times 10 {sup {minus}7} photons s{sup {minus}2} cm {sup {minus}2} (10 {sup 6} sec observation). This instrumental concept permits observation of any identified source at any selected line-energy ;in a range of typically 200 keV to 1300 keV. The resulting ``sequential`` operation mode makes sites of explosive nucleosynthesis natural scientific objectives for such a telescope: The nuclear lines of extragalactic supernovae ({sup 56}Ni, {sup 44}Ti, {sup 60}Fe) and galactic novac (p{sup {minus}}p{sup +} line, {sup 7}Be) are accessible to observation, one at a time, due to the erratic appearance and the sequence of half-lifes of these events Other scientific objective include the narrow 511 keV line from galactic broad class annihilators (such as 1E1740-29, nova musca) and possible redshifted annihilation lines from AGN`s.

NONE

1995-04-01

436

RACE, POWER, MULTIPOSITIONALITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand the relationship between social position and social change, this essay examines the multipositionality of the black schoolteacher, and through it the relationship between race and power. The autobiographical writings of black teachers who worked in the American South between 1890 and 1950 uniquely reveal the complex relationship between power and culture in this phase of American history, and

Earl Lewis

2008-01-01

437

The civil and military medical response to natural disasters.  

PubMed

This article explores the topic of military involvement in disaster response. This was debated during a conference held at the Royal Society of Medicine, through presentations on experiences and procedures within both the military and civilian roles. The conference was run jointly by the Haywood Club Tri-Service Medical Society and the Catastrophes & Conflict Forum of the Royal Society of Medicine on 20th April 2007. Issues of collaboration and accountability are seen as key themes of disaster response, within which the military can have a role, but which needs to be carefully administered in order to avoid an inappropriate response with an associated political fallout. PMID:19202828

Dowlen, H; Nicol, E; Mozumder, A

2008-09-01

438

A review of ultra-short pulse lasers for military remote sensing and rangefinding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in ultra-short pulse laser technology have resulted in commercially available laser systems capable of generating high peak powers >1GW in tabletop systems. This opens the prospect of generating very wide spectral emissions with a combination of non-linear optical effects in photonic crystal fibres to produce supercontinuua in systems that are readily accessible to military applications. However, military remote sensing rarely requires bandwidths spanning two octaves and it is clear that efficient systems require controlled spectral emission in relevant bands. Furthermore, the limited spectral responsivity of focal plane arrays may impose further restriction on the usable spectrum. A recent innovation which temporally encodes a spectrum using group velocity dispersion allows detection with a photodiode, opening the prospect for high speed hyperspectral sensing and imaging. At the opposite end of the power spectrum, ultra-low power remote sensing using time-correlated single photon counting (SPC) has reduced the laser power requirement and demonstrated remote sensing over 5km during daylight with repetition rates of ~10MHz with ps pulses. Recent research has addressed uncorrelated SPC and waveform transmission to increase data rates for absolute rangefinding whilst avoiding range aliasing. This achievement opens the prospect of combining SPC with high repetition rate temporal encoding of supercontinuua to realise practical hyperspectral remote sensing lidar. The talk will present an overview of these technologies and present a concept which combines them into a single system for high-speed hyperspectral imaging and remote sensing.

Lamb, Robert A.

2009-09-01

439

Military unique curriculum: identifying and prioritizing content.  

PubMed

We have identified and prioritized a series of objectives that warrant inclusion in the continuum of military medical education. Although participants in the 16th Conference on Military Medicine also discussed whether each objective should be taught at the medical student, resident, or staff physician level, to a large extent this distinction is not helpful, since many, if not most, of these topic areas would likely require incorporation at each of these three levels to achieve the desired level of competence in staff physicians. Incorporation of new curricular elements poses a significant challenge, since it is already difficult to fit the existing curriculum into the available time. It is not reasonable to consider increasing the number of lecture hours. Therefore, it is probable that some elements of the existing curriculum will need to be pared down or eliminated to incorporate new material. In the past, when new material has been added to the existing curriculum, such as when the pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus was added, it has generally been done at the individual teacher or at most departmental level. Although this approach has the advantage of having a subject matter expert decide how best to insert new material within the fabric of the existing curriculum, there are a couple of problems with widespread use of this approach. First, some of these new objectives may not fit clearly within an existing course curriculum or department's educational mission. Second, such an approach may not provide the degree of coordination that is necessary to ensure that a new curricular item is adequately covered in all respects, and it may result in unnecessary overlap in instruction when different professors incorporate similar elements. Therefore, the prioritization of newer curricular items, as has been done during this conference, may serve as a useful guide in this process. However, a corresponding effort is needed to identify and prioritize existing curricular components. Decisions need to be made regarding what, within the existing curriculum, should be cut out or reduced to make room for some or all of these new objectives. Finally, a decision needs to be made regarding which of these identified objectives should be inserted and when and within which courses they should be taught. These are important decisions that should not be left to the whims of chance. As the responsible recipients of Uniformed Services University and Health Professions Scholarship Program medical school graduates, the services' Surgeons General need to take an active role in helping to make these decisions. The outcome of these decisions will have a direct impact on the capabilities that these future junior medical officers will bring to the patients they will care for and to the line commanders that they will support. PMID:14527192

Cloonan, Clifford; Fauver, Howard E; Holloway, Harry C; Hospenthal, Duane R; Hutton, John; Lewis, Evelyn; Madrigal, Vinicio E; Maliner, Beverly; Nelson, Michael; Reynolds, Paul C; Staunton, Michael; Wayne, Barry A; Roy, Michael J

2003-09-01

440

Military Personnel Overseas "Weblog" Their Experiences Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few years, Weblogs have become quite popular, with thousands of individuals, organizations, and other groups forming their own sites devoted to this form of online expression. For those unfamiliar with this growing phenomenon, a Weblog is quite literally a "log" of the Web, where the author links to other Web pages he or she finds interesting, complete with running narration and brief descriptions. (Note to readers: The Scout Report has its own Weblog located at http://scout.wisc.edu/weblog/ ) With the war in Iraq, many United States military personnel have created their own Weblogs, often recounting personal stories, daily events, and tributes to fallen colleagues. The United States military has adopted an open policy towards this practice, though some commentators have expressed concern that certain sensitive material might be disseminated through these reports. Despite these concerns, "on-the-spot" broadcasts have been a hallmark of war-time reporting since the days of Ernie Pyle, and are likely to continue unabated.The first link takes visitors to a recent news article from the Washington Post about the growing number of war-related Weblogs. The second link is to a news article from the online technology news service, ZD Net UK, about the wide variety of Weblogs that have emerged as of late. The third link leads to one of the most popular soldier produced Weblogs, created by "L.T. Smash," the nickname of a US Navy reservist who arrived in the Gulf region last December. The fourth link is to another soldier's Weblog, a US Army reservist who goes by the name "Will." The fifth link is to a Forbes.com feature that ranks a number of war Weblogs on presentation, quality, relevance, and reputation. The sixth link is to an editorial about war Weblogs by Tim Cavanaugh, writing for the Online Journalism Review, a Web-based journal produced at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California. The last link leads visitors to a collection of columns written by the legendary Ernie Pyle, the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and World War II correspondent.

Grinnell, Max

441

[The military role in a flu pandemic].  

PubMed

Pandemic influenza is a major challenge to emergency preparedness agencies and health systems throughout the world. It requires preparation for a situation of widespread morbidity due to flu and its complications which will lead to a huge burden on the health system in the community and in hospitals, and work absenteeism, also among health care personnel. This may require major involvement of the army in both preparedness and measures to be taken to tackle such an event. This article reviews the different roles armies could take in such a crisis, and presents the Israeli test case. Defense systems are characterized by a number of attributes that may be major advantages during pandemic influenza: crisis management capacities, ability to deal with varied tasks in sub-optimal conditions, logistic resources (fuel, food and water), widespread deployment in the country and sometimes in the world, and the ability to activate people in risky situations, even against their will. The army roles during pandemic outbreaks could include: taking national and regional command of the event, assigning workforce for essential civilian missions, use of logistic and military resources, maintaining public order and implementing public health measures such as isolation and quarantine. In addition, the army must continue its primary role of maintaining the security and guarding the borders of the state, especially in times of global geopolitical changes due to pandemic. Since March 2009, the influenza A/H1N1 2009 virus spread throughout the world, leading the WHO to declare a state of pandemic influenza. According to Israeli preparedness plans, the management of the event was supposed to pass to the defense system. However, due to the moderate severity of the illness, it was decided to leave the management of the event to the health system. In view of the necessity of maintaining military combat capabilities, and the possibility of outbreaks in combat units, which actually occurred, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) policy for the pandemic was stricter than the policy of the Ministry of Health. Defense systems in Israel and the world should prepare, the sooner the better, for the possibility of a worse pandemic, in which the army may take a major role, especially since regular life in the country, in such a case, would be disturbed. PMID:20422833

Molina Hazan, Vered; Balicer, Ran D; Groto, Itamar; Zarka, Salman; Ankol, Omer E; Bar-Zeev, Yael; Levine, Hagai; Ash, Nachman

2010-01-01

442

A military grade, field usable, Raman analyzer: measurement of captured fuel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Portable Raman analyzers have emerged during the first part of this century as an important field tool for crime scene and forensic analysis, primarily for their ability to identify unknown substances. This ability is also important to the US military, which has been investigating such analyzers for identification of explosive materials that may be used to produce improvised explosive devices, chemicals that may be used to produce chemical warfare agents, and fuels in storage tanks that may be used to power US military vehicles. However, the use of such portable analyzers requires that they meet stringent military standards (specifically MIL-STD 810G). These requirements include among others: 1) light weight and small size (< 35 pounds, < 3 cu. ft.), 2) vibration and shock resistant (26 four foot drops), 3) operation from -4 to 110 oF, 4) operation in blowing dust, sand and rain, 5) battery operation, and of course 6) safe operation (no laser or shock hazards). Here we describe a portable Raman analyzer that meets all of these requirements, and its use to determine if captured fuels are suitable for use.

Farquharson, Stuart; Smith, Wayne; Shende, Chetan; Patient, Michael; Huang, Hermes; Brouillette, Carl

2014-05-01

443

Spy Letters of the American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new digital exhibition displays and contextualizes a collection of letters written by spies during the American Revolution. The letters, held by the University of Michigan's Clements Library, offer historical insight into the military intelligence of both the American and British armies. The site presents large images of the original letters beside typewritten transcriptions. The value of the letters as primary documents is enhanced by the historical background provided by the site creators, four students in the U-M's School of Information. The rich background information at the site includes historical narratives related to espionage, explanations of the era's epistolary spying techniques, detailed maps tracing the spy letters' routes, biographies of important persons, and a timeline chronicling major events in the American Revolutionary War.

444

Automated military unit identification in battlefield simulation  

SciTech Connect

It is the nature of complex systems, composed of many interacting elements, that unanticipated phenomena develop. Computer simulation, in which the elements of a complex system are implemented as interacting software objects (actors), is an effective tool to study collective and emergent phenomena in complex systems. A new cognitive architecture is described for constructing simulation actors that can, like the intelligent elements they represent adapt to unanticipated conditions. This cognitive architecture generates trial behaviors, estimates their fitness using an internal representation of the system, and has an internal apparatus for evolving a population of trial behaviors to changing environmental conditions. A specific simulation actor is developed to evaluate surveillance radar images of moving vehicles on battlefields. The vehicle cluster location, characterization and discrimination processes currently performed by intelligent human operators were implemented into a parameterized formation recognition process by using a newly developed family of 2D cluster filters. The mechanics of these cluster filters are described. Preliminary results are presented in which this GSM actor demonstrates the ability not only to recognize military formations under prescribed conditions, but to adapt its behavior to unanticipated conditions that develop in the complex simulated battlefield system.

Stroud, P.; Gordon, R.

1997-05-01

445

Biomarkers of PTSD: military applications and considerations  

PubMed Central

Background Although there are no established biomarkers for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as yet, biological investigations of PTSD have made progress identifying the pathophysiology of PTSD. Given the biological and clinical complexity of PTSD, it is increasingly unlikely that a single biomarker of disease will be identified. Rather, investigations will more likely identify different biomarkers that indicate the presence of clinically significant PTSD symptoms, associate with risk for PTSD following trauma exposure, and predict or identify recovery. While there has been much interest in PTSD biomarkers, there has been less discussion of their potential clinical applications, and of the social, legal, and ethical implications of such biomarkers. Objective This article will discuss possible applications of PTSD biomarkers, including the social, legal, and ethical implications of such biomarkers, with an emphasis on military applications. Method Literature on applications of PTSD biomarkers and on potential ethical and legal implications will be reviewed. Results Biologically informed research findings hold promise for prevention, assessment, treatment planning, and the development of prophylactic and treatment interventions. As with any biological indicator of disorder, there are potentially positive and negative clinical, social, legal, and ethical consequences of using such biomarkers. Conclusions Potential clinical applications of PTSD biomarkers hold promise for clinicians, patients, and employers. The search for biomarkers of PTSD should occur in tandem with an interdisciplinary discussion regarding the potential implications of applying biological findings in clinical and employment settings. PMID:25206945

Lehrner, Amy; Yehuda, Rachel

2014-01-01

446

A military surgical team in Belfast.  

PubMed Central

This paper details the experiences of a military surgical team in Belfast from 1972 to early 1974. The overall picture of the problem is given and the current management of 'war' injuries discussed. Up to February 1974 over 1000 servicemen have been injured in Northern Ireland as a result of the vivil disturbance. Over 200 have died. Because of the close proximity of the hospital to many battle areas, casualties may arrive with massive injuries, requiring major resuscitation. Limb wounds have predominated. There is no short cut to adequate wound debridement, especially in the surgery of high-velocity missile injury. Missile wounds of the large bowel require a colostomy. Formal thoracotomy is increasingly used for the through-and-through gunshot wounds of the chest. Controlled ventilation is playing an increasingly important role in the management of some missile wounds of the head. Mine and bomb explosions frequently cause multiple injuries, requiring extensive surgery on any one patient. Images Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 7 Fig. 8 Fig. 14 Fig. 15 Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 9 Fig. 10 Fig. 11 Fig. 12 Fig. 13 Fig. 16 PMID:238456

Boyd, N. A.

1975-01-01

447

Automated military unit identification in battlefield simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is the nature of complex systems, composed of many interacting elements, that unanticipated phenomena develop. Computer simulation, in which the elements of a complex system are implemented as interacting software objects (actors), is an effective tool to study collective and emergent phenomena in complex systems. A new cognitive architecture is described for constructing simulation actors that can, like the intelligent elements they represent, adapt to unanticipated conditions. This cognitive architecture generates trial behaviors, estimates their fitness using an integral representation of the system, and has an internal apparatus for evolving a population of trial behaviors to changing environmental conditions. A specific simulation actor is developed to evaluate surveillance radar images of moving vehicles on battlefields. The vehicle cluster location, characterization and discrimination processes currently performed by intelligent human operators were implemented into a parameterized formation recognition process by using a newly developed family of 2D cluster filters. The mechanics of these cluster filters are described. Preliminary results are presented in which this GSM actor demonstrates the ability not only to recognize military formations under prescribed conditions, but to adapt its behavior to unanticipated conditions that develop in the complex simulated battlefield system.

Stroud, Phillip D.; Gordon, Ray C.

1997-06-01

448

Two-element lenses for military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To meet today's demanding requirements for increased performance, reduced size, lower mass, and cost, simple lenses containing multiple aspheric surfaces are required. It is now common for the number of aspheric surfaces used in an infrared lens to exceed the actual number of lens elements. Multiple aspheric and diffractive surfaces provide additional degrees of freedom in the lens design. This is required to achieve increased levels of imaging performance demanded by reduced pitch detectors. Aspheric surfaces also enable a greater diversity of materials to be used such that athermal solutions can be realized without the need for additional lens elements. More recent advances in detector technology will demand multispectral operation, but the requirements for simple, inexpensive optics will remain. Innovative use of aspheric components can also create very simple multispectral optics to fulfil this emerging need. This paper will review the range of applications that can be satisfied using no more than two optical components, highlighting the specific benefits that aspheric and diffractive surfaces provide. Consideration will also be given to future developments where enhanced functionality can be achieved using computational imaging techniques. Examples will be given for several military applications including weapon sights, driver's vision enhancement and remote weapon stations.

Bigwood, Chris; Wood, Andrew

2011-12-01

449

Recognizing connotative meaning in military chat communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last five to seven years the use of chat in military contexts has expanded quite significantly, in some cases becoming a primary means of communicating time-sensitive data to decision makers and operators. For example, during humanitarian operations with Joint Task Force-Katrina, chat was used extensively to plan, task, and coordinate predeployment and ongoing operations. The informal nature of chat communications allows the relay of far more information than the technical content of messages. Unlike formal documents such as newspapers, chat is often emotive. "Reading between the lines" to understand the connotative meaning of communication exchanges is now feasible, and often important. Understanding the connotative meaning of text is necessary to enable more useful automatic intelligence exploitation. The research project described in this paper was directed at recognizing user connotations of uncertainty and urgency. The project built a matrix of speech features indicative of these categories of meaning, developed data mining software to recognize them, and evaluated the results.

Budlong, Emily R.; Walter, Sharon M.; Yilmazel, Ozgur

2009-05-01

450

A global range military transport: The ostrich  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Studies have shown that there is an increasing need for a global range transport capable of carrying large numbers of troops and equipment to potential trouble spots throughout the world. The Ostrich is a solution to this problem. The Ostrich is capable of carrying 800,000 pounds 6,500 n.m. and returning with 15 percent payload, without refueling. With a technology availability date in 2010 and an initial operating capability of 2015, the aircraft incorporates many advanced technologies including laminar flow control, composite primary structures, and a unique multibody design. By utilizing current technology, such as using McDonnell Douglas C-17 fuselage for the outer fuselages on the Ostrich, the cost for the aircraft was reduced. The cost of the Ostrich per aircraft is $1.2 billion with a direct operating cost of $56,000 per flight hour. The Ostrich will provide a valuable service as a logistical transport capable of rapidly projecting a significant military force or humanitarian aid anywhere in the world.

Aguiar, John; Booker, Cecilia; Hoffman, Eric; Kramar, James; Manahan, Orlando; Serranzana, Ray; Taylor, Mike

1993-01-01

451

Alzheimer's Disease prevalence, costs, and prevention for military personnel and veterans.  

PubMed

By 2050, more than 13 million Americans of all ages are estimated to be living with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and the aggregate costs of care will swell to approximately $1.2 trillion. The rapidly climbing number of those affected with AD includes a growing population of aging military veterans affected who may have an added risk for the disease as a consequence of traumatic brain injury, posttraumatic stress disorder, and/or service-related injuries. The increasing number of individuals, the long duration of disability, and the rising cost of care for AD and other dementia to our society are important public health challenges facing many older adults. These challenges are further compounded by a burgeoning military veteran population that is much younger, with an increased risk of AD and other dementia, and who may experience decades-long periods of disability and care. This outlook underscores the critical need for investments in research at the federal and international levels to accelerate the pace of progress in developing breakthrough discoveries that will change the trajectory of AD and related dementia. PMID:24924663

Sibener, Leslie; Zaganjor, Ibrahim; Snyder, Heather M; Bain, Lisa J; Egge, Robert; Carrillo, Maria C

2014-06-01

452

United States Special Operations command professional military education .  

E-print Network

??The United States Special Operations Command does not have an intermediate-level professional military education program for its officers. Current service-provided PME programs are not adequately… (more)

Dexter, Robert M.

2013-01-01

453

First War Syndrome : military culture, professionalization, and counterinsurgency doctrine  

E-print Network

Counterinsurgency was a persistent and important challenge to military organizations in the second half of the 20th century and seems likely to continue to pose a challenge in the 21st century. This makes understanding how ...

Long, Austin G

2010-01-01

454

Establishing a virtual manufacturing environment for military robots  

E-print Network

Recent advances in the robotics industry have given the military an opportunity to capitalize on industry's innovation. Not only has core robotics technology improved but robotics manufacturing technology has also made ...

Andersen, Ryan J. (Ryan John)

2007-01-01

455

Shooting up : the impact of illicit economics on military conflict  

E-print Network

The study explores the nexus between illicit economies and military conflicts. It investigates when and how access by belligerents to the production and trafficking of illicit substances affects the strength of belligerents ...

Felbab-Brown, Vanda

2007-01-01

456

ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING, MILITARY AIR COMMAND COMMUNICATION CENTER PRECAST CONCRETE WALL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING, MILITARY AIR COMMAND COMMUNICATION CENTER PRECAST CONCRETE WALL DETAILS. DATED 03/15/1971 - Wake Island Airfield, Terminal Building, West Side of Wake Avenue, Wake Island, Wake Island, UM

457

[Ussuri?sk military hospital celebrates 130th anniversary].  

PubMed

On the authority of the order issued by Military Department d.d. 13 September 1882 No 278 since 1 January 1883 in village Nikolskoe of Primorsk territory was established the local hospital with bed capacity--115 beds. In the following years this capacity was being increased. In 1914 hospital was renamed into Nikols-Ussuriysk military hospital. This hospital took part in treatment-and-evacuation supply of wounded and ill soldiers during wars and armed conflicts. In 1982 Nikols-Ussuriysk military hospital awarded the Red Star. Employees of this hospital prepared and defended 25 doctoral and candidate's dissertations. In 2010 hospital was joined 301st District military clinical hospital and became it's branch. PMID:23805630

Kim, A P

2013-01-01

458

17.462 Innovation in Military Organizations, Spring 2001  

E-print Network

Explores the origins, rate, and impact of innovations in military organizations, doctrine, and weapons. Emphasis on organization theory approaches. Comparisons with nonmilitary and non-US experience included. From the ...

Posen, Barry

459

32 CFR 644.522 - Clearance of military scrap.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HANDBOOK Disposal Clearance of Explosive Hazards and Other Contamination from Proposed Excess Land and Improvements § 644.522...Military scrap can contain or be contaminated with explosives, chemicals, and other hazardous materials. The primary...

2013-07-01

460

32 CFR 644.522 - Clearance of military scrap.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HANDBOOK Disposal Clearance of Explosive Hazards and Other Contamination from Proposed Excess Land and Improvements § 644.522...Military scrap can contain or be contaminated with explosives, chemicals, and other hazardous materials. The primary...

2012-07-01

461

32 CFR 644.522 - Clearance of military scrap.  

...HANDBOOK Disposal Clearance of Explosive Hazards and Other Contamination from Proposed Excess Land and Improvements § 644.522...Military scrap can contain or be contaminated with explosives, chemicals, and other hazardous materials. The primary...

2014-07-01

462

32 CFR 644.522 - Clearance of military scrap.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HANDBOOK Disposal Clearance of Explosive Hazards and Other Contamination from Proposed Excess Land and Improvements § 644.522...Military scrap can contain or be contaminated with explosives, chemicals, and other hazardous materials. The primary...

2011-07-01

463

Needs of Military Families: Family and Educator Perspectives  

E-print Network

This qualitative research study explores the problems military families, educators, and school districts have in building positive and effective partnerships. It is anticipated that a better understanding of the unique challenges encountered...

Classen, Audra I.

2014-08-31

464

17.950 Understanding Modern Military Operations, Spring 2005  

E-print Network

A proper understanding of modern military operations requires a prior understanding of both the material side of war, including especially weapon, sensor, communication, and information processing technologies, and the ...

Cote, Owen R., 1960-

465

forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Guide to Sampling Soil  

E-print Network

off-road when soils are excessively wet. Soil compaction is most often characterized by changes..............................................................................................................................................................8 Introduction Vehicle traffic and foot trampling in military training areas can result in varying

466

Site Plan and Transverse Section Chickamauga National Military Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Site Plan and Transverse Section - Chickamauga National Military Park Tour Roads, Gordon's Slough Bridge, At the confluence of Alexander's Bridge Road and Gordon's Slough, southeast of Alexander's Bridge, Fort Oglethorpe, Catoosa County, GA

467

"Panic": the impact of Le Bon's crowd psychology on U.S. military thought.  

PubMed

The controversial crowd psychology of Gustave Le Bon has been both praised as an incisive contribution to social theory and also condemned as a doctrine of irrationality and mass manipulation associated with fascism. New archival documentation now demonstrates that Le Bon exercised significant influence on U.S. military thinking and practice through World War II. Army writings and officer training on morale, leadership, and battlefield psychology rested substantially on his theory of crowds, particularly regarding races and panic. Le Bon's racial psychology took on additional importance when the African-American 92 nd Infantry Division panicked during combat in Italy. This new evidence offers an excellent case study of the direct and enduring impact of a peculiar type of social psychology on the institutional culture of the army from the classrooms at the Army War College to the battlefield itself. PMID:17623871

Bendersky, Joseph W

2007-01-01

468

Military Intelligence as the National Intelligence Estimator: The Case of Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Israel constitutes an interesting case for the study of civil—military relations, the role played by its Directory of Military Intelligence (AMAN) has rarely been discussed in this context. This role is of special interest, since Israel is the only liberal democracy today in which a military intelligence service functions as the leading national estimator not only in military but

Uri Bar-Joseph

2010-01-01

469

DRIVING IN FORCE: WHY THE U.S. MILITARY COMMUTES BY AUTOMOBILE1  

E-print Network

DRIVING IN FORCE: WHY THE U.S. MILITARY COMMUTES BY AUTOMOBILE1 Geoffrey M. Morrison Institute a self-selection of auto-oriented individuals into the military or a "peer effect" whereby military individuals are conditioned to drive to work while in the military. We find evidence of the latter but cannot

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

470

Exploring the Role of Social Connectedness among Military Youth: Perceptions from Youth, Parents, and School Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increased stress on military families during wartime can be particularly difficult for adolescents. The current study employed 11 focus groups with military youth, parents, and school personnel working with military youth to better understand how youth and their families cope with stressors faced as result of living in a military family. An…

Mmari, Kristin N.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Sudhinaraset, May; Blum, Robert

2010-01-01

471

Comparing Marital Status and Divorce Status in Civilian and Military Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since military operations began in Afghanistan and Iraq, lengthy deployments have led to concerns about the vulnerability of military marriages. Yet evaluating military marriages requires some benchmark against which marital outcomes in the military may be compared. These analyses drew from personnel records from the entire male population of the…

Karney, Benjamin R.; Loughran, David S.; Pollard, Michael S.

2012-01-01

472

American dreamin’  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores several versions of the “American Dream,” which frame, and are produced within, the Oprah Winfrey Show. We begin by examining the conventional narrative of rags to riches, freedom and opportunity, mom, baseball, and apple pie most commonly associated with the American Dream and most graphically taken up as a liberal politics within the text of the Show.

Debbie Epstein; Deborah Lynn Steinberg

1998-01-01

473

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Were the colonist justified in rebelling against Great Britain? 1. The United States was not created over night. Many causes of the revolution began back in the 1760's, over ten years before the war. Many causes date before the 1760's. Click here American Revolution Timeline to view a timeline of the events leading to the American Revolution and major events during ...

Coker, Mr.

2010-03-24

474

Trauma-Focused CBT for Traumatic Grief in Military Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although military children are typically as resilient as the general child population, the ongoing conflict has exposed military\\u000a children to unusual stressors such as repeated deployment, severe injury, or the death of a parent or sibling. U.S. forces\\u000a have experienced more than 5,600 casualties during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, with growing numbers\\u000a of suicides among Service members.

Judith A. Cohen; Anthony P. Mannarino

475

Neck Pain in Military Helicopter Pilots: Prevalence and Associated Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim is to estimate the self-reported one-year prevalence of neck pain in military helicopter pilots and to compare work-related, individual, and health-related factors in the pilots with (neck pain group) and without (reference group) regular or continuous neck pain. A questionnaire was completed by 75% (n = 113) of all military helicopter pilots of the Royal Netherlands Air Force

Oord van den M. H. A. H; Loose de V; T. Meeuwsen; J. K. Sluiter; M. H. W. Frings-Dresen

2010-01-01

476

Neck Pain in Military Helicopter Pilots: Prevalence and Associated Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim is to estimate the self-reported one-year prevalence of neck pain in military helicopter pilots and to compare work-related, individual, and health-related factors in the pilots with (neck pain group) and without (reference group) regular or continuous neck pain, A questionnaire was completed by 75% (n = 113) of all military helicopter pilots of the Royal Netherlands Air Force

Marieke H. A. H. van den Oord; Veerle De Loose; Judith K. Sluiter; Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen

2010-01-01

477

American Sign Language  

MedlinePLUS

... Infections, and Deafness American Sign Language American Sign Language On this page: What is American Sign Language? ... signs "I love you." What is American Sign Language? American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex ...

478

Unmanned powered balloons  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the late 1960's several governmental agencies sponsored efforts to develop unmanned, powered balloon systems for scientific experimentation and military operations. Some of the programs resulted in hardware and limited flight tests; others, to date, have not progressed beyond the paper study stage. Balloon system designs, materials, propulsion units and capabilities are briefly described, and critical problem areas are pointed out which require further study in order to achieve operational powered balloon systems capable of long duration flight at high altitudes.

Korn, A. O.

1975-01-01

479

Risky business: challenges and successes in military radiation risk communication.  

PubMed

Given the general public's overall lack of knowledge about radiation and their heightened fear of its harmful effects, effective communication of radiation risks is often difficult. This is especially true when it comes to communicating the radiation risks stemming from military operations. Part of this difficulty stems from a lingering distrust of the military that harkens back to the controversy surrounding Veteran exposures to Agent Orange during the Vietnam War along with the often classified nature of many military operations. Additionally, there are unique military exposure scenarios, such as the use of nuclear weapons and combat use of depleted uranium as antiarmor munitions that are not found in the civilian sector. Also, the large, diverse nature of the military makes consistent risk communication across the vast and widespread organization very difficult. This manuscript highlights and discusses both the common and the distinctive challenges of effectively communicating military radiation risks, to include communicating through the media. The paper also introduces the Army's Health Risk Communication Program and its role in assisting in effective risk communication efforts. The authors draw on their extensive collective experience to share 3 risk communication success stories that were accomplished through the innovative use of a matrixed, team approach that combines both health physics and risk communication expertise. PMID:22815169

Melanson, Mark A; Geckle, Lori S; Davidson, Bethney A

2012-01-01

480

Military risk factors for cognitive decline, dementia and Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Delayed neurological health consequences of environmental exposures during military service have been generally underappreciated. The rapidly expanding understanding of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis now makes it possible to quantitate some of the likely long-term health risks associated with military service. Military risk factors for AD include both factors elevated in military personnel such as tobacco use, traumatic brain injury (TBI), depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other nonspecific risk factors for AD including, vascular risk factors such as obesity and obesity-related diseases (e.g., metabolic syndrome), education and physical fitness. The degree of combat exposure, Vietnam era Agent Orange exposure and Gulf War Illness may also influence risk for AD. Using available data on the association of AD and specific exposures and risk factors, the authors have conservatively estimated 423,000 new cases of AD in veterans by 2020, including 140,000 excess cases associated with specific military exposures. The cost associated with these excess cases is approximately $5.8 billion to $7.8 billion. Mitigation of the potential impact of military exposures on the cognitive function of veterans and management of modifiable risk factors through specifically designed programs will be instrumental in minimizing the impact of AD in veterans in the future decades. PMID:23906002

Veitch, Dallas P; Friedl, Karl E; Weiner, Michael W

2013-11-01

481

System requirements for head down and helmet mounted displays in the military avionics environment  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of flat panel display technologies into the military avionics cockpit is a challenging proposition, due to the very difficult system level requirements which must be met. These relate to environmental extremes (temperature and vibrational), sever ambient lighting conditions (10,000 fL to nighttime viewing), night vision system compatibility, and wide viewing angle. At the same time, the display system must be packaged in minimal space and use minimal power. The authors will present details on the display system requirements for both head down and helmet mounted systems, as well as information on how these challenges may be overcome.

Flynn, M.F.; Kalmanash, M.; Sethna, V. [Kaiser Electronics, San Jose, CA (United States)

1996-12-31

482

Global tracking and inventory of military hardware via LEO satellite: A system approach and likely scenario  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A system for global inventory control of electronically tagged military hardware is achievable using a LEO satellite constellation. An equipment Tag can communicate directly to the satellite with a power of 5 watts or less at a data rate of 2400 to 50,000 bps. As examples, two proposed commercial LEO systems, IRIDIUM and ORBCOMM, are both capable of providing global coverage but with dramatically different telecom capacities. Investigation of these two LEO systems as applied to the Tag scenario provides insight into satellite design trade-offs, constellation trade-offs and signal dynamics that effect the performance of a satellite-based global inventory control system.

Bell, David; Estabrook, Polly; Romer, Richard

1995-01-01

483

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME I. THE MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOCO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

484

Application of Mobile Router to Military Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cisco Systems and NASA Glenn Research Center under a NASA Space Act Agreement have been performing joint networking research to apply Internet technologies and protocols to space-based communications. During this time, Cisco Systems developed the mobile-router which NASA and Cisco jointly tested. The early field trials of this technology have been successfully completed. The mobile-router is software code that resides in a network router. A Mobile-Router allows entire networks to roam while maintaining connectivity to the Internet. This router code is pertinent to a myriad of applications for both the government and commercial sectors. This technology will be applied to the wireless battlefield. NASA and the Department of Defense will utilize this technology for near-planetary observation and sensing spacecraft. It is the enabling technology for communication via the Internet or Intranets to aircraft. Information such as weather, air traffic control, voice and video can be easily and inexpensively transmitted to the aircraft using Internet protocols. The mobile router can be incorporated into emergency vehicles particularly ambulances and life-flight aircraft to provide real-time connectivity back to the hospital and healthcare experts. Commercial applications include entertainment services, IP telephone, and Internet connectivity for cruise ships, commercial shipping, tour busses, aircraft, and eventually cars. This paper will briefly describe the mobile router operation. An upcoming wide area network field test with application to US Coast Guard communications will be described. The paper will also highlight military and government networks that will benefit from the deployment of mobile router and the associated applications.

Stewart, David H.; Ivancic, William D.; Bell, Terry L.; Kachmar, Brian A.; Shell, Dan; Leung, Kent

2002-01-01

485

The Role of Race, Racism and Power in the Experiences and Perspectives of African American Males in the Context of Their Ascendence to the Superintendency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the lens of Critical Race Theory, I present the experiences and perspectives of African American male superintendents in the context of their ascension to the superintendency. Participants in the study are chief executive officers of a school district. The primary question of this study is what are the contributing factors, particularly the…

George, Hughes B.

2011-01-01

486

Representin' and Disrespectin': African-American Wind Band Students' Meanings of a Composition-Based Secondary Music Curriculum and Classroom Power Structures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although cultural diversity is important to the social context of classrooms, few researchers have explored school music experiences from the perspective of students of colour. Possibly of greater concern is the absence of research examining African-American students' educational experiences in early secondary education, during which time the…

Hoffman, Adria Rachel; Carter, Bruce Allen

2013-01-01

487

From Thunder Rose to when Marian Sang . . . Behold the Power of African American Female Characters! Reading to Encourage Self-Worth, Inform/Inspire, and Bring Pleasure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stories are important teaching tools. To ensure that young children are informed and experience more than a handful of African American women and girls' stories and authors, this article showcases notable and little-known accomplishments of exceptional women, real and imaginary. Brinson offers an annotated list of children's literature, fiction…

Brinson, Sabrina A.

2009-01-01

488

Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Native Americans are made up of many fascinating groups of people with multiple cultures. We will explore the main cultural areas of these groups. We will describe and compare some of these groups of people such as Eastern Woodlands, Plains, Great Basin, Southwestern, Arctic, Northwest, Incan, Aztec, and Mayan. We will also identify how these people maintain their cultural traditions today. We will explore each of this interesting cultures and take notes as we explore with individualized graphic organizers. Learning about Native Americans Woodland Tribes Great Plains Tribes Great Basin Native Americans Northwest Southwest Aztec, Mayans Inca BRAINTEASER The Inca Trail and Machu Picchu Glossary Links ...

Keller, Mrs.

2009-06-12

489

GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large-scale littoral warfare databases, aid the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency in meeting littoral warfare analysis, modeling and map generation requirements for US military organizations.

Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E. L.; Welch, R.

490

Ginseng, American  

MedlinePLUS

... and inflammation of the lining of the stomach (gastritis). American ginseng is also used for low iron ... decrease muscle damage during exercise. Stress. Anemia. Insomnia. Gastritis. Impotence. Fever. HIV/AIDS. Fibromyalgia. Other conditions. More ...

491

Multi-functional Textiles for Military Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this research was to develop the standard rip-stop weave military uniform fabric made of 50/50 nylon/cotton (NyCo) to achieve a repellent front surface and an antibacterial bulk for protection from chemical-biological warfare agents. Diallyldimethylammonium chloride (DADMAC), a quaternary ammonium salt monomer was graft polymerized on NyCo fabric to impart antimicrobial capability using atmospheric pressure glow discharge plasma. Plasma was used to induce free radical chain polymerization of the DADMAC monomer to introduce a graft polymerized network on the fabric with durable antimicrobial properties. Pentaerythritol tertraacrylate was used as a cross-linking agent to obtain a highly cross-linked, durable polymer network. The presence of polyDADMAC on the fabric surface was confirmed using acid dye staining, SEM, and TOF-SIMS. Antibacterial performance was evaluated using standard AATCC test method 100 for both gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Results showed 99.9% reduction in the bacterial activities of K. pneumoniae and S. aureus. To achieve repellency on NyCo front surface, an environmentally benign C6 fluorocarbon monomer, 2-(perfluorohexyl) ethyl acrylate was graft polymerized using plasma on the front surface of the NyCo fabric which was already grafted with polyDADMAC for anti-microbial properties. The surface was characterized by IR spectroscopy and XPS. The presence of fluorine on the surface was mapped and confirmed by TOF-SIMS. SEM images showed a uniform layer of fluorocarbon polymer on the fiber surface. High water contact angle of 144° was obtained on the surface. The surface also achieved a high AATCC Test Method 193 rating of 9 and AATCC Test Method 118 rating of 5, indicating that the surface could repel a fluid with surface tension as low as 24 dynes/cm. Appropriate experimental designs and statistical modeling of data helped identify the experimental space and optimal factor combinations for best response. The study helped create a multi-functional fabric with an anti-bacterial bulk, hydrophilic back surface and repellent front surface for enhanced protective and aesthetic values.

Malshe, Priyadarshini

492

Haitian Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

On January 12th, 2010, a 7.0 earthquake devastated Port-au-Prince, Leogane and other parts of Haiti. This natural disaster claimed more than 230,000 lives and left more than 1 million Haitians homeless. As Americans watched horrifying images of devastation, death and destruction, Haitian Americans in Miami, Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach, Florida, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island, New York and

Louis Bertin M. Jr

2010-01-01

493

Military forensic use of handheld 3D camera  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the main threats for armed forces in conflict areas are attacks by improvised explosive devices (IED). After an IED attack a forensic investigation of the site is undertaken. In many ways military forensic work is similar to the civilian counterpart. There are the same needs to acquire evidence in the crime scene, such as fingerprints, DNA, and samples of the remains of the IED. Photos have to be taken and the geometry of the location shall be measured, preferably in 3D. A main difference between the military and the civilian forensic work is the time slot available for the scene investigation. The military must work under the threat of fire assault, e.g. snipers. The short time slot puts great demands on the forensic team and the equipment they use. We have done performance measurements of the Mantis-Vision F5 sensor and evaluated the usefulness in military forensic applications. This paper will describe some applications and show possibilities and also limitations of using a handheld laser imaging sensor for military forensic investigations.

Larsson, Hâkan; Letalick, Dietmar

2013-05-01

494

[Prospective concepts of the military field therapy development].  

PubMed

The authors suggested the main problems solved by the military field therapy: development, scientific rationale, systematic improvement and practical application of the organizational form of first aid for the wounded in conditions of combat actions; research on the etiology, pathogenesis and clinical picture of states caused by effect of weapon of mass destruction (nuclear weapon, chemical weapon, etc); development of methods of diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment of the abovementioned states; research of the pattern, clinical progression and treatment of somatization disorders in conditions of combat and casual activity of troops, analysis of morbidity among the troops and development of prophylaxis;formulation of military-medical questionnaire and development of the system of rehabilitation for the wounded. Searching for innovative methods for solving the problems of military field therapy is the current problem. Modern warfare changed the concept of delivery of health care, effectiveness of evacuative actions, training of medical personnel and medical maintaining. The authors came to conclusion that qualitative technology breakthrough in development of military medicine and military field therapy would not happen without strategic understanding and learning of prospect technologies. PMID:24000636

Khalimov, Iu Sh; Matveev, S Iu; Kuz'min, V G; Vetriakov, O V

2013-06-01

495

Suicides in the military: the post-modern combat veteran and the Hemingway effect.  

PubMed

Suicides in the military have increased over the last ten years. Much effort has been focused on suicide prevention and treatment, as well as understanding the reasons for the sharp increase in military suicides. Despite this effort, the definitive causes of military suicides remain elusive. Further, highly effective suicide prevention and treatment approaches have not yet been developed. The purpose of this article is to present a short review of the current state of suicide prevention interventions within the context of the military. The root causes of suicidal behavior and the role of combat in the military are each discussed. Interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide and the military transition theory are introduced as guiding frameworks for understanding suicides and suicidal behavior amongst active military personnel and military veterans. The article concludes with a set of recommendations for moving forward in understanding and addressing suicides in the military. PMID:24930521

Castro, Carl Andrew; Kintzle, Sara

2014-08-01

496

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at Massachusetts Military Reservation. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying photovoltaics (PV) systems on a superfund site located within the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR). The site was assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.17/kWh and incentives offered in the State of Massachusetts, such as the solar renewable energy credits. According to calculations, MMR can place 8 MW of ballast-weighted, ground-mounted PV systems on the crowns of the three landfill caps and the borrow pit with the PV modules tilted at 30 degrees.

Stafford, B.; Robichaud, R.; Mosey, G.

2011-07-01

497

NASA's Role in Aeronautics: A Workshop. Volume 2: Military aviation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

While the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 makes DOD primarily responsible for military aeronautics, it stipulates a role for NASA in providing direct and indirect support for national defense. The existing role of NASA in support of military aeronautics is working well and is well coordinated. The role needs only to be kept effective and then improved by increasing its responsiveness to changing military requirements and by the selective application of additional people. Funding resources should also be made available to NASA for research. Specific roles that NASA could or should play were examined. It was determined that the most important areas for this support are in basic research, generic technology evolution, and facility support in the fields of aerodynamics, structures and materials, and propulsion.

1981-01-01

498

Military applications of the laser weapons in the future battlefield  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contemporary operating environment requires a wide range of tools to respond to a myriad of regular and irregular threats. Accordingly, conventional weapons do not suffice in some cases. As technology improves exponentially, the dominance of conventional weapons is slowly fading away by the advances in laser technology. This study first outlines the characteristics of laser weapons, then provides the military applications of them in land, maritime, air and space domains and finally exhibits implications for battlefield functions. This study concludes that any country that is seeking primacy in military terms must allocate extra time and resources to obtain this emerging technology. Since it seems that there are not adequate studies about the military applications and operational concepts of the laser weapons, this study tries to increase awareness about their potential advantages.

Celik, Hasan; Adana, Saban; Yahsi, Erhan

2013-05-01

499

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the leg in the military.  

PubMed

CECS is a common source of lower extremity disability among young athletic cohorts and military personnel. The five cardinal symptoms are pain, tightness, cramps, weakness, and diminished sensation. History and clinical examination remain the hallmarks for identifying CECS, although ICP measurements during exercise stress testing may be used to confirm diagnosis. Nonsurgical management is generally unsuccessful, although gait retraining may have benefits in selected individuals. When conservative measures have failed, operative management may be considered with fascial release of all affected compartments. Although clinical success has been documented in civilian cohorts, the results of surgical treatment in military service members have been far less reliable. Only approximately half of the military service members experience complete resolution of symptoms and at least 25% are unable to return to full duty. PMID:25280617

Dunn, John C; Waterman, Brian R

2014-10-01

500

New military uses for synthetic aperture radar (SAR)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Loral Defense Systems-Arizona, holder of the original patent for the invention of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), developed SAR to meet the military's need for an all-weather, day/night sensor that could produce high quality reconnaissance imagery in adverse weather and restricted visibility conditions. These features, and the ability to image large areas with fine resolution in a relatively short period of time make this sensor useful for many military applications. To date, however, SARs for military use have been hampered by the fact that they've been large, complex, and expensive. Additionally, they have been mounted on special purpose, single mission aircraft which are costly to operate. That situation has changed. A small, modular SAR, called Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar (MSAR) developed by Loral can be mounted with relative ease on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) or on multi-mission aircraft such as the F-16, F/A-18, or on the F-14.

Reamer, Richard E.; Stockton, Wayne; Stromfors, Richard D.

1993-02-01