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1

Discourse Analysis Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles includes: "Introduction: Discourse Analysis Today" (Dagmar Schue and M.D. Lopez-Maestre); "The Metaphorical and Metonymic Understanding of the Trinitarian Dogma" (Antonio Barcelona); "Symmetry as Conceptual Metaphor in Walker's The Color Purple" (Elena Tapia); "And She's Like it's Terrible, Like: Spoken Discourse,…

Scheu, Dagmar, Ed.; Lopez-Maestre, M. D., Ed.

2003-01-01

2

Discourse Analysis in Career Counseling and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discourse analysis can be used to understand and interpret culturally and socially produced meanings regarding work and to outline how specific rules and conventions can configure meaning production of work in context. The implications of some core concepts in discourse analysis pertinent to career counseling are explored, including discourse,…

Stead, Graham B.; Bakker, Terri M.

2010-01-01

3

An Overview of Discourse Analysis and Its Usefulness in TESOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of discourse analysis from a linguistic point of view, discussing why it is relevant to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). It focuses on the following: discourse and discourse analysis; discourse analysis and TESOL; approaches to discourse analysis; systemic functional linguistics; theme and…

Milne, Geraldine Veronica

4

Why Critical Discourse Analysis in Literacy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

engagements with institutionalized discourses or the creation of alternative ones. We associate this language study and language praxis with the term critical discourse analysis (CDA). This article considers new directions for CDA in literacy research as well as additional purposes for the methodological and analytic tool in literacy pedagogy, literacy policy, and literacy praxis. We begin by theorizing CDA. We

Leslie Burns; Ernest Morrell

5

NEOLIBERALISM AND THE INDIAN VERNACULAR PRESS: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF NEOLIBERAL DISCOURSES AMONG KANNADA JOURNALISTS.  

E-print Network

??The discourses of neoliberalism among journalists working for two Kannada newspapers were examined using critical discourse analysis. Seventeen journalists were interviewed with regard to their… (more)

Chandrashekar, Santhosh

2009-01-01

6

A critical discourse analysis of geoengineering advocacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I examine the discursive field of geoengineering by unpacking how particular members, associates and academics allied with private institutes frame, treat and discursively construct a justification of geoengineering technologies. I begin with a brief introduction to geoengineering, followed by a discussion of relevant international agreements and an overview of critical discourse analysis. I outline several discursive strategies

Tina Sikka

2012-01-01

7

Critical Discourse Analysis, Adult Education and "Fitba"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I will use an example of current adult education practice, the Glory and Dismay Football Literacies Programme (GDFLP) to appraise the value of critical discourse analysis (CDA) for adult learners, both individually and collectively, and for adult education practitioners with an interest in developing critical literacy skills. The…

Player, John

2013-01-01

8

Classroom Discourse Of Malay Language Lesson: A Critical Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the teaching and learning process of the Malay language in the classroom usually focuses on the method, content, strategy and teaching aids. Moving away from this norm, this research article examines the process from the discourse analysis perspective called pedagogic discourse analysis, with an adaptation of Fairclough\\\\{$\\\\backslash$textquoteright\\\\}s Critical Discourse Analysis Framework (1992; 1995). The discussion is based on

Idris Aman; Rosniah Mustaffa

2006-01-01

9

The politics of historical discourse analysis: a qualitative research method?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with the ways in which historical discourse analysis is at once different from and similar to research described as qualitative or quantitative. It discusses the consequences of applying the standards of such methods to historical discourse analysis. It is pointed out that although the merit of research using historical discourse analysis must not be judged by the

Ingólfur Ásgeir Jóhannesson

2010-01-01

10

Analysis of normal discourse patterns.  

PubMed

Twenty-five normal young adult college students provided speaking and writing samples using two elicitation procedures: picture description and personal narrative. Patterns of productivity, efficiency, and coherence were investigated while considering the demands imposed by mode of expression, task elicitation, cognitive distance, and verbal working memory. Samples were divided into top (S1) and bottom (S2) halves. Within group (S1/S2) and between group (pictured activity description/personal narrative) comparisons were made for oral vs. written samples, and performance measures were correlated with verbal working memory scores. Results indicated that the productivity measure was influenced by the type of elicitation task and was not related to verbal working memory scores. Efficiency was influenced by mode of expression and demonstrated a low correlation with verbal working memory scores. Coherence ratings were not influenced by type of elicitation task, mode of expression, or length of sample, and were not related to verbal working memory scores. Results are discussed in terms of the clinical utility of these discourse measures. PMID:14607183

Smith, Rebecca; Heuerman, Maranda; Wilson, Brenda M; Proctor, Adele

2003-11-01

11

CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS: IRANIAN BANKS ADVERTISEMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study tried to analyze an array of banks advertisements in an Iranian socio-cultural context. The selected commercials are analyzed critically from a top-down as well as a bottom-up point of view. The framework is that of the Fairclough's (1992) which embraces three aspects of discourse presenting some closely-related layers called 1) description of textual analysis 2) interpretation of

Soheila Tahmasbi; Abadan Branch; Ahvaz Jundishapur

2013-01-01

12

Assessing the validity of discourse analysis: transdisciplinary convergence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research studies using discourse analysis approaches make claims about phenomena or issues based on interpretation of written or spoken text, which includes images and gestures. How are findings/interpretations from discourse analysis validated? This paper proposes transdisciplinary convergence as a way to validate discourse analysis approaches to research. The argument is made that discourse analysis explicitly grounded in semiotics, systemic functional linguistics, and critical theory, offers a credible research methodology. The underlying assumptions, constructs, and techniques of analysis of these three theoretical disciplines can be drawn on to show convergence of data at multiple levels, validating interpretations from text analysis.

Jaipal-Jamani, Kamini

2014-01-01

13

Cultural approaches to discourse analysis: A theoretical and methodological conversation with special focus on Donal Carbaugh's Cultural Discourse Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay opens a conversation in the Journal of Multicultural Discourses on cultural approaches to discourse analysis. Culturally-inclusive approaches to discourse analysis and communication that critique Western-biased theories and methods are covered including Jan Blommaert's Critical Discourse Analysis, Shi-xu's Cultural Approach to Discourse, and Asian communication theories. An extensive review of the historical development of Donal Carbaugh's Cultural Discourse Theory

Michelle Scollo

2011-01-01

14

A quoi peut servir l'analyse de discours? (Of What Use is Discourse Analysis?).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a survey of opinions on the nature and usefulness of discourse analysis. The following topics are addressed: (1) discourse analysis and ideologies of power, (2) epistemological considerations, and (3) discourse analysis and interdisciplinary endeavors. (AMH)

Sumpf, Joseph

1979-01-01

15

Interpreting the Discourse of H.G. Widdowson: A Corpus-based Critical Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discourse of a recent position paper by H.G. Widdowson is analyzed by using three methods criticized in Widdowson's paper. The paper was converted into a miniature data corpus and analyzed with the concepts of systemic functional linguistics, corpus linguistics, and critical discourse analysis. (Author/VWL)

de Beaugrande, Robert

2001-01-01

16

Some Observations on the Critique of Critical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the publication in 1989 of Norman Fairclough's Language and Power and Ruth Wodak's Language, Power and Ideology, and the launch in 1990 of Teun van Dijk's journal, Discourse & Society, Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) has not only grown into a major field of research in its own right but has also been widely adopted by researchers in a range

Edward Haig

17

Understanding Resistance: An Analysis of Discourses in Academic Staff Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using social realist theory and critical discourse analysis, this article examines a number of discourses which construct academic staff attitudes to teaching and learning in their disciplines. It seeks to explain academics' resistance to engaging in activities aimed at professionalising academic practice. The research described in the article…

Quinn, Lynn

2012-01-01

18

Ideology, Rationality and Reproduction in Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In undertaking a critical discourse analysis of the professed aims and objectives of one of the most influential curricula in the teaching of thinking, this article foregrounds issues of power and ideology latent in curricular discourses of rationality. Specifically, it documents the subtle but powerful ways in which political and class…

Lim, Leonel

2014-01-01

19

Self in Career Theory and Counselling: A Discourse Analysis Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rapidly changing postmodern working world demands revised conceptualisations of the self. Recent scholarship in discourse analysis invites an investigation into how selves are constructed and fabricated within a complex matrix of social discourses, and how this may impact on the field of career counselling and development. This paper examines…

Stead, Graham B.; Bakker, Terri M.

2010-01-01

20

Understanding Teachers: The Potential and Possibility of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the ways in which teachers make sense of what they do and why is critical to a broader understanding of pedagogy. Historically, teachers have been understood through the thematic and content analysis of their beliefs or philosophies. In this paper, we argue that discourse analysis (DA) involves a much finer-grained analysis of the…

Barker, Dean M.; Rossi, Anthony

2011-01-01

21

Classroom Discourse in Mathematics: A Multisemiotic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of the multisemiotic nature of mathematics on classroom discourse is examined from a systemic functional linguistic perspective. Mathematical discourse is multisemiotic because it involves the use of the semiotic resources of mathematical symbolism, visual display and language. There is constant movement between the three resources as the primary code and with shifts between spoken and written modes in

Kay L O'Halloran

1998-01-01

22

Presupposition in Lexical Analysis and Discourse  

E-print Network

Recent research in linguistic analysis of presuppositions has provided numerous indications of the role of presupposition in lexical analysis. Still others have argued there is no distinction between meaning and the ...

Bullwinkle, Candace L.

23

Experiences and constructions of art: a narrative-discourse analysis.  

PubMed

A narrative-discourse analysis was conducted to study the narratives of mental health service users talking about their engagement with art. The sample was drawn from a group of people who had attended arts workshops organized by a mental health service provider. Eleven people were interviewed and were asked to tell the story of their involvement in art and its significance to their lives. The data were analysed using a discourse analysis approach. Art is constructed as therapeutic within an illness repertoire. Emotions are inseparable from creative expression and identity claims are made in relation to being an artist. PMID:18039303

Stickley, T; Hui, A; Morgan, J; Bertram, G

2007-12-01

24

Why there is no such thing as “critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article argues that there is no such thing as Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in the sense of a method of political or ideological critique based on the application of conventional linguistic constructs. All of us, as language users and makers, are continuously engaged in the critical examination of and response to communication in our everyday lives. The article argues

Peter E. Jones

2007-01-01

25

A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

2011-01-01

26

Competency Discourses: An Analysis of Secondary and Tertiary Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of a sample of assessment tasks used in New Zealand first-year clinical and final-year secondary school Biology and Chemistry National Certificate of Educational Achievement summative assessments was conducted to assess whether similarities and differences existed in secondary and tertiary competency discourses. Findings suggested…

McNaughton, Susan M.

2013-01-01

27

The organising vision for telehealth and telecare: discourse analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To (1) map how different stakeholders understand telehealth and telecare technologies and (2) explore the implications for development and implementation of telehealth and telecare services. Design Discourse analysis. Sample 68 publications representing diverse perspectives (academic, policy, service, commercial and lay) on telehealth and telecare plus field notes from 10 knowledge-sharing events. Method Following a familiarisation phase (browsing and informal interviews), we studied a systematic sample of texts in detail. Through repeated close reading, we identified assumptions, metaphors, storylines, scenarios, practices and rhetorical positions. We added successive findings to an emerging picture of the whole. Main findings Telehealth and telecare technologies featured prominently in texts on chronic illness and ageing. There was no coherent organising vision. Rather, four conflicting discourses were evident and engaged only minimally with one another's arguments. Modernist discourse presented a futuristic utopian vision in which assistive technologies, implemented at scale, would enable society to meet its moral obligations to older people by creating a safe ‘smart’ home environment where help was always at hand, while generating efficiency savings. Humanist discourse emphasised the uniqueness and moral worth of the individual and tailoring to personal and family context; it considered that technologies were only sometimes fit for purpose and could create as well as solve problems. Political economy discourse envisaged a techno-economic complex of powerful vested interests driving commodification of healthcare and diversion of public funds into private business. Change management discourse recognised the complicatedness of large-scale technology programmes and emphasised good project management and organisational processes. Conclusion Introduction of telehealth and telecare is hampered because different stakeholders hold different assumptions, values and world views, ‘talk past’ each other and compete for recognition and resources. If investments in these technologies are to bear fruit, more effective inter-stakeholder dialogue must occur to establish an organising vision that better accommodates competing discourses. PMID:22815469

Procter, Rob; Wherton, Joe; Sugarhood, Paul; Shaw, Sara

2012-01-01

28

Critical discourse analysis: understanding change in maternity services.  

PubMed

This paper provides an example of the use of critical discourse analysis (CDA) in the area of maternity care policy and describes the process of CDA as an effective research method for understanding the influences of change in the context of Australian maternity services. CDA is a methodological approach that examines how discourse is formed and given power, as a result of how power is used, who uses it and the context within which this usage takes place. The application of CDA is described in this study for the purpose of examining key-stakeholder use of knowledge and power for the purpose of influencing the direction of the maternity services reform. The CDA theoretical framework guided discourse identification and analysis of the purpose behind the discourse through examination of power relationships between key stakeholders. The use of a theoretical lens in the form of neoliberalism to supplement the theoretical framework facilitated the exposure of forces intrinsic to the maternity care context driving change. PMID:22257329

McIntyre, Meredith; Francis, Karen; Chapman, Ysanne

2012-02-01

29

Power in clinical teachers' discourses of a curriculum-in-action. Critical discourse analysis.  

PubMed

"Curricula-in-action" generally differ from "official" curricula. That is particularly true of clerkship curricula because the practising doctors who supervise medical students' clinical activities are only secondarily educators. Clerkship education is evaluated, however, according to benchmarks set by official curricula. As a result, clerkship evaluations are important points of contact between clinical teachers and medical schools. We reasoned that an evaluation instrument is part of a medical school's official curriculum discourse and clinical teachers' reactions to it are a discourse of curriculum-in-action. We set out to answer the questions: What are clinical teachers' discourses of curriculum-in-action and how do they relate to an official curriculum discourse? Nineteen clerkship placement leads from two hospitals contributing to a single undergraduate medical programme participated. The evaluation instrument was the Manchester Clinical Placement Index, for which validity evidence has been published. Respondents were asked to say how they would react to junior students giving their placements low or high scores for each of 12 items from the Index. After transcription, we conducted a critical discourse analysis (CDA) of their audio-recorded answers. We purposefully selected the six items that elicited the widest spectrum of responses for analysis because quantity of material can compromise the quality of CDA. A dominant discourse of curriculum-in-action defined how teachers should "really" teach and junior students should learn. It deconstructed the need for teachers to be present when students performed clinical tasks because teachers' role was to give critical feedback on case presentations that were coincidental to clinical care. It positioned students at the bottom of a power hierarchy so they had to "struggle" to be taught. It placed respondents in a powerful position relative to "the hospital" and "the university", though there were tensions between respondents, patients, and nurses. Respondents dismissed criticism that was invalid according to their curriculum-in-action, which included most items in an evaluation instrument. There was a contrasting, non-dominant discourse of responding reflectively to feedback, which generated realistic ways of improving students' learning. The strength of respondents' emotions shows just how committed doctors are to students' learning. The strength of their expressions of power, however, explains why many of them teach in their own way rather than according to official curricula. Changes to clinical curricula, our findings suggest, will not be successful unless they are carefully negotiated with practising doctors. PMID:23283572

Graham, Jennifer; Dornan, Tim

2013-12-01

30

"Generation 1.5" and Its Discourses of Partiality: A Critical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a critical discourse analysis of "generation 1.5," a term used to refer to students born outside the United States who received part, or most, of their formal education in the United States. The analysis reveals that surrounding "generation 1.5" are 3 interconnected discourses of partiality: a discourse of demographic partiality, a…

Benesch, Sarah

2008-01-01

31

Genuine versus Simulated Suicide Notes: An Issue Revisited Through Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a method of discourse analysis applied to the discrimination of genuine from simulated suicide notes used in previous studies. Reported significant differences among language measures as well as the results of a multiple discriminant analysis using the discourse analysis. A language profile of the suicidal individual is given. (JAC)

Edelman, Ann M.; Renshaw, Steven L.

1982-01-01

32

Discourse analysis and the doctor-patient relationship.  

PubMed

This article describes a system of discourse analysis, called a "taxonomy of verbal response modes," which can be applied to medical interviews. The taxonomy identifies eight basic categories: disclosure, question, edification, acknowledgement, advisement, interpretation, confirmation, and reflection, which are defined by three principles of classification. The categories are mutually exclusive and exhaustive. Each mode conveys a particular interpersonal intent and also has a characteristic grammatical form. With eight forms and eight intents, the taxonomy includes sixty-four possible verbal response modes, eight "pure modes," in which form and intent coincide, and fifty-six "mixed modes," in which form and intent differ. The taxonomy has yielded fine-grained descriptions of patient-physician interaction and has identified particular types of utterances and verbal exchanges that are associated with patients' satisfaction with their medical interviews. The system provides a detailed descriptive vocabulary that may be useful for teaching interviewing skills. PMID:757215

Stiles, W B

33

Studying Agency in Literacy Teacher Education: A Layered Approach to Positive Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critically oriented forms of discourse analysis have focused largely on oppression and injustice. Signaling a new turn in the field, scholars have called for an analytic focus on moments of liberation and agency, referring to this orientation as "positive discourse analysis" (PDA). In this research, we turn our attention to a case study of agency…

Rogers, Rebecca; Wetzel, Melissa Mosley

2013-01-01

34

Insights beyond Neo-Liberal Educational Practices: The Value of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the nature, power and effects of neo-liberal rationale in educational settings. By introducing discourse analysis of two cases, the influence of neo-liberal ideology on contemporary curricula and school programs were examined. The analysis showed that dominant discourses based on neo-liberal rationale presented themselves as…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Rafferty, John

2013-01-01

35

Critical Discourse Analysis and the Corpus-Informed Interpretation of Metaphor at the Register Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One aspect of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) involves examining how metaphors in texts, particularly hard news texts (reports of very recent conflicts, crimes, etc.), imply certain values. The usual theoretical basis for such analysis is Lakoff and Johnson (1980). My article shows problems with transplanting Lakoff and Johnson's discourse-level…

O'Halloran, Kieran

2007-01-01

36

“GENRE MEANS …”: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF FOURTH GRADE TALK ABOUT GENRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This action research study investigates how genre theory can be integrated into the practice of a writing enrichment program and how the frameworks of Critical Discourse Analysis and Multimodal Analysis can help assess and improve both student learning and teacher practice. A multilayered exploration of teacher-student discourse in an urban public elementary school in the Midwest United States discloses the

Inda Schaenen

2010-01-01

37

Discourse Analysis and Grammar Above the Sentence. Specialised Bibliography A4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is divided into three main sections. The first section cites one bibliography relevant to discourse analysis. The second section cites books pertaining to discourse analysis, language structure, and transformational generative grammar. The third section refers to articles in the same areas. Entries include both American and…

British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

38

"Genre Means...": A Critical Discourse Analysis of Fourth Grade Talk about Genre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research study investigates how genre theory can be integrated into the practice of a writing enrichment program and how the frameworks of Critical Discourse Analysis and Multimodal Analysis can help assess and improve both student learning and teacher practice. A multilayered exploration of teacher-student discourse in an urban public…

Schaenen, Inda

2010-01-01

39

Climate Change Discourse in Mass Media: Application of Computer-Assisted Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content analysis of mass media publications has become a major scientific method used to analyze public discourse on climate change. We propose a computer-assisted content analysis method to extract prevalent themes and analyze discourse changes over an extended period in an objective and quantifiable manner. The method includes the following: (1)…

Kirilenko, Andrei P.; Stepchenkova, Svetlana O.

2012-01-01

40

Analyse linguistique du discours jauresien (A Linguistic Analysis of Jaures' Discourse).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development of discourse analysis in modern linguistics, and presents a semantic analysis, based on a comparative word frequency count, of two political speeches made by the socialist Jean Jaures. (AM)

Chauveau, Genevieve

1978-01-01

41

At Last: "What's Discourse Got to Do with It?" A Meditation on Critical Discourse Analysis in Literacy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lewis explains why critical discourse analysis (CDA) has become an indispensable method for many researchers trying to understand how ideologies and social structures are reflected in and reified by language. The critical linguistic turn that has occurred in the humanities and social sciences for the last three decade has finally taken hold in the…

Lewis, Cynthia

2006-01-01

42

Critical discourse analysis: new possibilities for scientific research in the mental health area.  

PubMed

The present study aims to get to know the philosophical, conceptual and methodological aspects of Critical Discourse Analysis, as a theoretical-methodological framework for research in the mental health area. Initially, the study presents a reflection on psychiatric discourse in history and at present, with the goal of introducing concepts and presuppositions that would guide the analysis of discursive processes. Discussions are presented about the historical milestones of Critical Discourse Analysis as an analytical framework in social sciences. Finally, the study presents its conceptual and methodological applications to research in the mental health area. PMID:19377818

de Pinho, Leandro Barbosa; Kantorski, Luciane Prado; Bañon Hernández, Antonio Miguel

2009-01-01

43

Intellectual Disabilities, Challenging Behaviour and Referral Texts: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral…

Nunkoosing, Karl; Haydon-Laurelut, Mark

2011-01-01

44

Scaling discourse analysis: Experiences from Hermanus, South Africa and Walvis Bay, Namibia1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scaling discourse analysis refers to the necessity to consider environmental discourse a multi-dimensional and diversified practice. Depending on the various levels of state and society at which environmental policies are applied and depending on the geographical scale at which their solution is sought, we have to differentiate both policy processes and outcomes in environmental politics. We introduce the importance of

Roger Keil; Anne-Marie Debbané

2005-01-01

45

Discourse-Based Methods across Texts and Semiotic Modes: Three Tools for Micro-Rhetorical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the scope of rhetorical inquiry broadens to cover intersemiotic and intertextual phenomena, scholars are increasingly in need of new, defensible analytic procedures. Several scholars have suggested that methods of discourse analysis could enhance rhetorical criticism. Here, I introduce a discourse-based method that is empirical, delicate, and…

Oddo, John

2013-01-01

46

Health promotion in nursing: a Derridean discourse analysis.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to identify the current position of health promotion in nursing as it relates to its practice, theory and policy and, where possible as a secondary aim, compare and contrast this against the health promotion position of other health professional groups. This was achieved using the framework of a Derridean-derived discourse analysis of existing health promotion literature specific to nurses and nursing practice. The overall process examined a 'corpus' of the literature considered exemplary texts of that kind and classification. A number of binary oppositions and tensions, in the Derridean tradition, were uncovered. Strong themes to emerge were that nursing has yet to clearly contextualize and differentiate health promotion and health education and the specific role and function of nursing. Also evident was the view that nursing-related clinical practice is yet to universally reflect the theory and language of 'general' health promotion. Furthermore, nursing has not yet demonstrated a clear and notable wider health policy/political role in formulating and implementing health promotion agendas. Although this state of affairs has existed for some time now, there is evidence that nursing knowledge and practice is changing-even if this is not a universal phenomenon. Studies, like this one, are part of the step towards a more widespread reform for health promotion in nursing. PMID:21131628

Whitehead, Dean

2011-03-01

47

Heterogeneous knowledge: Trends in German discourse analysis against an international background  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution maps the complex field of discourse analysis in Germany by situating its major currents and putting them in historical perspective. In a first step, it presents the major intellectual sources, such as (post-)structuralism, pragmatism\\/interactionism as well as hermeneutics, which have served as a backdrop for the establishment of discourse analysis as an interdisciplinary field since the 1980s. In

Johannes Angermüller

2011-01-01

48

An analysis of discourses shaping mental health practitioners.  

PubMed

A mental health practitioner (MHP) role was introduced to health services in southern England in 2003. The paper will discuss the initial phase within a longitudinal research study. A discursive approach will be adopted in order to understand how healthcare discourses constrain and provide possibilities for the emergence of a new worker role in mental health. The manner in which MHPs understand and talk about their work is socially constructed in interaction and constantly being modified by competing discourses. This paper will analyse three overarching health discourses, namely, the biomedical, person-centred and psychological discourses that have shaped MHP trainees. Discourses intersect to inform the role, where practices of nursing, psychology, medicine and occupational therapy are combined. Thus, the inclusion of physical, psychological and person-centred components of care serve as a multifaceted approach to care. This form of interprofessionalism leads MHPs one step closer in the advance towards an interdisciplinary discourse of holistic care. PMID:21896114

Zeeman, L; Simons, L

2011-10-01

49

Marketization in the language of UK university recruitment: a critical discourse analysis and corpus comparison of university and finance industry job advertisements.  

E-print Network

??This thesis investigates the marketization of universities’ recruitment discourse, using critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistic methodology. University and financial job advertisements were compared synchronically… (more)

Kheovichai, Baramee

2014-01-01

50

A Conversational Analysis of Computer-Mediated Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Excerpts from a transcript of computer "conversations" provide the basis for a study of how people manage ongoing interaction, given the constraints of computer-mediated discourse, and whether any unusual conventions are used in doing so. The discourse was analyzed using address, topical references, and adjacency pairs to link the messages.…

Holmes, Michael E.

51

A cultural and rhetoric analysis of internationalized human rights discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study is to theorize oppositional discourse that has not yet been conceptualized within existing composition studies. The study examines the discourse of Amnesty International, a prestigious human rights organization drawing its mandate from the UN Declaration of Human Rights. Amnesty International delineates and defines human rights, providing forums in which victims and witnesses may speak

Karen Ruth Dwyer

1997-01-01

52

A Discourse Analysis of the Online Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen online mathematics classes were analyzed using a discourse coding system created by Bellack et al. (1966). Findings suggest that the ratio of teacher-to-student discourse is far lower in online than in face-to-face classes and varies widely from instructor to instructor. A strong positive correlation was shown between instructor posts and…

Offenholley, Kathleen H.

2012-01-01

53

Negotiating a pathological identity in the clinical dialogue: discourse analysis of a family therapy.  

PubMed

Within the framework of social constructionism, psychotherapy has been re-conceptualized as a semiotic process, which consists of the creative generation of new meanings in the context of collaborative discourse. In recent years, research approaches that draw from social constructionism, such as discourse analysis, have been fruitfully employed in the study of psychotherapy processes, whilst being in line with the contemporary emphasis on language, narrative, and meaning making. This paper aims to further the exploration of the usefulness of discourse analysis in the study of psychotherapy processes, and in particular, in situations where the medical discourse is powerfully implicated in the construction of a person's identity. It is based on the analysis of a family therapy with a family whose child has a diagnosis of autism. The analysis focuses on two features of the family's talk, namely shifts in the flexibility of employment of a diverse range of discourses and subject positions, and shifts in the ways agency is constructed and discursively negotiated in the clinical conversations. It is suggested that these shifts can be used as indications of change in the family's network of meanings. The analysis suggests that an important aspect in clinical work with families with a member with a psychiatric diagnosis lies in decentring, or deconstructing, the dominant, pathology-maintaining accounts, and allowing for a wider range of less problematic narratives and subject positions to emerge. PMID:16354441

Avdi, Evrinomy

2005-12-01

54

Beyond the divide between cognition and discourse: Using interpretative phenomenological analysis in health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces interpretative phenomenological analysis (PA) and discusses the particular contribution it can make to health psychology. This is contextualized within current debates, particularly in social psychology, between social cognition and discourse analysis and the significance for health psychology of such debates is considered. The paper outlines the theoretical roots of PA in phenomenology and symbolic interactionism and argues

Jonathan A. Smith

1996-01-01

55

Constructing the "Ideal Learner": A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Adult Numeracy Core Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical discourse analysis of the Adult Numeracy Core Curriculum is used to expose and challenge the underlying assumptions of the Skills for Life strategy, and to examine the way in which the text constructs subject positions for adult numeracy teachers and learners. The analysis finds that presuppositions include the unproblematic transfer of…

Oughton, Helen

2007-01-01

56

The Discourses of Discourse Analysis: A Response to Ninnes and Burnett.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of comparative education has been slow to incorporate poststructuralist concerns due to theoretical bias, the linguistic barrier of postmodernist discourses, and the critique of postmodernism as indifferent to social issues. Debates on key questions of epistemology, ontology, and ethics in social research are needed to further…

Welch, Anthony

2003-01-01

57

Knowledge Building Discourse Explorer: A Social Network Analysis Application for Knowledge Building Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent studies of learning theories, a new methodology that integrates two prevailing metaphors of learning (acquisition and participation) has been discussed. However, current analytical techniques are insufficient for analyzing how social knowledge develops through learners' discourse and how individual learners contribute to this…

Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Matsuzawa, Yoshiaki

2012-01-01

58

Empowering Discourse: Discourse Analysis as Method and Practice in the Sociology Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative learning and critical pedagogy are widely recognized as "empowering" pedagogies for higher education. Yet, the practical implementation of both has a mixed record. The question, then, is: How could collaborative and critical pedagogies be empowered themselves? This paper makes a primarily theoretical case for discourse

Hjelm, Titus

2013-01-01

59

Disciplining Professionals: A Feminist Discourse Analysis of Public Preschool Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms across the globe have had implications for the work of preschool teachers and thus their professional identities. This article draws on a feminist discourse lens to examine data collected from a recent narrative inquiry focused on understanding the professional identities of five public preschool teachers in the USA. This…

Sisson, Jamie Huff; Iverson, Susan V.

2014-01-01

60

Sex Differences In Intercultural Discourse: An Empirical Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous interpretations of male/female discourse were examined in light of new data generated from a study of intercultural mixed-sex dyads. Eleven dyads, each consisting of a Chinese and an American subject, were videotaped in 30-minute conversations about courtship in different cultures. The tapes were content analyzed to obtain information on…

Schneider, Michael J.; Jordan, William J.

61

Prisoners signify: a political discourse analysis of mental illness in a prison control unit.  

PubMed

Increasingly, US prisoners diagnosed with mental illness are housed in control units, the most restrictive form of confinement in the US prison system. This situation has led to intense debate over the legal, ethical and clinical status of mental illness. This is a semiotic struggle with profound effects, yet most related work treats mental illness as a neutral, individual variable. Few analyses locate mental illness within a larger sociopolitical context. Fewer still focus on discursive practice. None critically analyze the accounts of control unit prisoners, who talk about extreme marginality and risk for victimization. This paper has two aims: (i) to develop a systematic method of analysis that accounts for signification as discourse-in-action; and (ii) to show how prisoners' signification of mental illness articulates agency through and against marginalizing discourse. Political discourse analysis demonstrates how control unit prisoners with psychiatric diagnoses signify mental illness, and articulate safer identifications in the process. PMID:17718746

Cloyes, Kristin Gates

2007-09-01

62

Experiments in Discourse Analysis Impact on Information Classification and Retrieval Algorithms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of contextual information in indexing and retrieval systems to improve results and the ability to carry out text analysis by means of linguistic knowledge. Presents research that investigated whether discourse variables have an impact on information and retrieval and classification algorithms. (Author/LRW)

Morato, Jorge; Llorens, J.; Genova, G.; Moreiro, J. A.

2003-01-01

63

Whom Should We Serve? A Discourse Analysis of Social Workers’ Commentary on Undocumented Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a discourse analysis of social work practitioners’ commentaries on undocumented immigrants that were collected from a survey of practicing social workers’ attitudes toward immigration and immigrants. Analyzing 198 open-ended comments, we explore the discursive mechanisms practitioners employ to construct undocumented immigrants, and their professional responsibilities toward them. These views are illustrative of the ways in which the profession

Rupaleem Bhuyan

2012-01-01

64

Analysis of Narrative Discourse Structure as an Ecologically Relevant Measure of Executive Function in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the narrative discourse production and executive function (EF) abilities of 46 neuro-typical adults (18-98 years old). Two questions were addressed: Is the analysis of narrative structure sensitive to changes associated with aging? & What is the relationship between measures of narrative structure and EF? Narratives were…

Cannizzaro, Michael S.; Coelho, Carl A.

2013-01-01

65

A discourse analysis of trainee teacher identity in online discussion forums  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher education involves an identity transformation for trainees from being a student to being a teacher. This discourse analysis examined the online discussion board communications of a cohort of trainee teachers to better understand the situated identities of the trainees and how they were presented online. Their discussion board posts were the primary method of communication during placement periods and,

Brian Irwin; Alison Hramiak

2010-01-01

66

The Analysis of Demagogic Discourse: Huey Long's "Every Man a King" Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of demagogic discourse and a methodology appropriate for its analysis can be illustrated by examining Huey Long's "Every Man a King" radio address on February 20, 1934. The demagogue is similar to the revered public figure in that both are mass leaders, charismatic, and heroic. But the demagogue elicits powerful antithetical…

Gaske, Paul C.

67

Meaning Making through Multiple Modalities in a Biology Classroom: A Multimodal Semiotics Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of science is a complex process, involving the use of multiple modalities. This paper illustrates the potential of a multimodal semiotics discourse analysis framework to illuminate meaning-making possibilities during the teaching of a science concept. A multimodal semiotics analytical framework is developed and used to (1) analyze the…

Jaipal, Kamini

2010-01-01

68

Postmodernism Debates and Comparative Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis. Essay Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Detailed discourse analysis is presented for two articles that suggest that postmodernism has little to offer comparative education and should be resisted. The two texts, focusing on postmodernism as the antithesis of comparative education and on the "lost promise" of postmodernism, demonstrate the use of language to convey messages that limit or…

Mehta, Sonia; Ninnes, Peter

2003-01-01

69

An analysis of the international discourse about women in information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently there is a declining participation of women in Information Technology (IT) education and profession. In this article a critical interpretive analysis of the international discourse about women in IT is performed. The aim is to understand why women experience such a low level of career satisfaction in IT by taking their experiences and the context of the IT industry

H. W. Pretorius; C. De Villiers

2009-01-01

70

Accreditation and Power: A Discourse Analysis of a New Regime of Governance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article studies discourses within the accreditation of Norwegian higher education conducted by the Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Education (NOKUT), using one concrete case (the accreditation of bachelor programs in nursing). Analysis of policy documents and accreditation reports are influenced by two of Foucault's concepts of…

Engebretsen, Eivind; Heggen, Kristin; Eilertsen, Heidi Annett

2012-01-01

71

Reproducing Gender Inequality: A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Turkish Adult Literacy Textbook. Research Brief #7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult education curricula such as literacy textbooks present blueprints for living, including different ways of being and relating as men and women. However, educators and scholars seldom consider the underlying assumptions about gender in literacy workbooks, especially in international settings. This study used Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA)…

Gungor, Ramazan; Prins, Esther

2011-01-01

72

More Than a Game: A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Racial Inequality Exercise in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a critical discourse analysis of Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) students' written reflections on their experience of a simulated racial inequality exercise at a university in Japan. Initially, the reflections were compared thematically with previously published narratives by people who had experienced racism.…

Hammond, Kay

2006-01-01

73

Using Semantic Feature Analysis to Improve Contextual Discourse in Adults with Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) was used to determine whether training contextually related words would improve the discourse of individuals with nonfluent aphasia in preselected contexts. Method: A modified multiple-probes-across-behaviors design was used to train target words using SFA in 3 adults with nonfluent aphasia. Pretreatment,…

Rider, Jill Davis; Wright, Heather Harris; Marshall, Robert C.; Page, Judith L.

2008-01-01

74

Celebrity advertising in the case of negative associations: discourse analysis of weblogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine celebrity advertising in the case of negative associations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In total, 451 posts were captured permanently from randomly selected weblogs, and analyzed by discourse analysis. The basic emerging themes therein have been isolated and interpreted, and a model of celebrity endorsement in the case of negative information has been

Ulun Akturan

2011-01-01

75

Computer-assisted analysis of public discourse: a case study of the precautionary principle in the US and UK press  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content analysis of newspaper publications has become a major scientific method of the analysis of public discourse. Within\\u000a the framework of content analysis, we suggest a computer-assisted method to extract the most important topics of this discourse\\u000a in an objective, quantifiable manner. The method combines frequency and proximity analysis of the text population, selection\\u000a of the key words, text modification

Andrei Kirilenko; Svetlana Stepchenkova; Rebecca Romsdahl; Kristine Mattis

2012-01-01

76

Metagesture ? An Analysis of Theoretical Discourse about Multimodal Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter explores a particular gesture characteristically produced by David McNeill, a major figure in the world of multimodal language research. While the primary purpose of the analysis is an affectionate tribute to this great thinker, the phenomenon discussed gives rise to questions which are of general interest. I claim that this gesture is an example of a speaker-specific gesture.

Fey Parrill

77

Teachers and Secondary School Bullying: A Postmodern Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses a set of accounts from within a postmodern discursive framework. Interviews were conducted with secondary school teachers and were semi-structured, focusing on school bullying. The aim of analysis was to tackle the problem of bullying at a discursive level. This marks a shift away from seeing bullying as something situated within the interpersonal relations of pupils, or

Alexa Hepburn

1997-01-01

78

Sequestering of suffering: critical discourse analysis of natural disaster media coverage.  

PubMed

This article is a critical discourse analysis of the local print-news media coverage of the recovery process in two rural communities following a devastating forest fire. Two hundred and fifty fire-related articles from the North Thompson Star Journal (2003) were analyzed. Results revealed a neoliberal discursive framing of recovery, emphasizing the economic-material aspects of the process and a reliance on experts. A sequestering of suffering discourse promoted psychological functionalism and focused attention on a return to normalcy through the compartmentalization of distress. The dominant 'voice' was male, authoritative, and institutionalized. Implications for disaster recovery and potential health consequences are discussed. PMID:18420755

Cox, Robin S; Long, Bonita C; Jones, Megan I; Handler, Risa J

2008-05-01

79

A discourse on sensitivity analysis for discretely-modeled structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A descriptive review is presented of the most recent methods for performing sensitivity analysis of the structural behavior of discretely-modeled systems. The methods are generally but not exclusively aimed at finite element modeled structures. Topics included are: selections of finite difference step sizes; special consideration for finite difference sensitivity of iteratively-solved response problems; first and second derivatives of static structural response; sensitivity of stresses; nonlinear static response sensitivity; eigenvalue and eigenvector sensitivities for both distinct and repeated eigenvalues; and sensitivity of transient response for both linear and nonlinear structural response.

Adelman, Howard M.; Haftka, Raphael T.

1991-01-01

80

Discourse Analysis: Openings. Paper Presented at a Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Jyvaskyla, Finland, October 18-19, 1985). Reports from the Department of English, University of Jyvaskyla, No. 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics covered in papers presented at a Finnish workshop on discourse analysis include, in English: the situational code in conversation; persuasive strategies and face-work in impromptu speech; historical aspects of complex behavioral strategies in politeness; the implications of predictability and unpredictability for negotiation discourse; and…

Sajavaara, Kari, Ed.

81

Analyzing psychotherapy process as intersubjective sensemaking: an approach based on discourse analysis and neural networks.  

PubMed

The authors propose a method for analyzing the psychotherapy process: discourse flow analysis (DFA). DFA is a technique representing the verbal interaction between therapist and patient as a discourse network, aimed at measuring the therapist-patient discourse ability to generate new meanings through time. DFA assumes that the main function of psychotherapy is to produce semiotic novelty. DFA is applied to the verbatim transcript of the psychotherapy. It defines the main meanings active within the therapeutic discourse by means of the combined use of text analysis and statistical techniques. Subsequently, it represents the dynamic interconnections among these meanings in terms of a "discursive network." The dynamic and structural indexes of the discursive network have been shown to provide a valid representation of the patient-therapist communicative flow as well as an estimation of its clinical quality. Finally, a neural network is designed specifically to identify patterns of functioning of the discursive network and to verify the clinical validity of these patterns in terms of their association with specific phases of the psychotherapy process. An application of the DFA to a case of psychotherapy is provided to illustrate the method and the kinds of results it produces. PMID:20665338

Nitti, Mariangela; Ciavolino, Enrico; Salvatore, Sergio; Gennaro, Alessandro

2010-09-01

82

Leadership succession: a discourse analysis of governance dialectics in two nonprofit organizations  

E-print Network

LEADERSHIP SUCCESSION: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF GOVERNANCE DIALECTICS IN TWO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS A Dissertation by ANDREI CONSTANTIN DUTA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... by ANDREI CONSTANTIN DUTA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Linda Putnam Joel Iverson...

Duta, Andrei Constantin

2008-10-10

83

Marketing Senegal through hip-hop – a discourse analysis of Akon's music and lyrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to highlight hip-hop's contribution to the entrepreneurship and place marketing literature. Hip-hop is taken from the lens of an individual artist, Akon, whose music and lyrics – a “hybrid of silky, West African-styled vocals mixed with North America's East Coast and Southern beats” – provides fresh insights for place marketers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A “discourse analysis

Nnamdi O. Madichie

2011-01-01

84

Problemes d'analyse du discours. Essai de description du discours francais sur la Chine (Problems in Discourse Analysis. An Attempt to Describe French Discourse on China).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following topics are developed: (1) the problematic aspect of the analysis of French discourse, an introduction to methods, theories and applications; (2) the proposals of M. Pecheux; (3) precisions to render operative definitions derived in the proposals; (4) the Macciocchi manner of speaking; and (5) the Peyrefitte manner of speaking. (AMH)

Marindin, Jean-Marie

1979-01-01

85

Exploring the communication between telenurse and caller--A critical discourse analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Telenursing is an expanding service in most Western societies. Sweden is a front-line country, with all of its 21 counties connected to Swedish Healthcare Direct (SHD) 1177. The intention of the service is twofold: to make health care more efficient, while also making it more accessible and safe for patients. Previous research has shown, however, that the service is not used equitably. Gender, age, socio-economic, and ethnicity differences have been reported as determining factors for the use of the service and the advice given. Aim The aim of the study was to explore the communication between telenurses and callers in authentic calls to SHD 1177. Methodology A qualitative method, using critical discourse analysis (CDA), was chosen. The approach was deductive, that is, the analysis was made in view of a predetermined framework of theory. Twenty calls were strategically chosen and included in the study. Results The CDA resulted in five types of calls, namely a gatekeeping call, a gendered call, a call marked by impersonal traits, a call with voices of the life world, and finally a counter discourse call. The dominating patterns in the calls were of gatekeeping and biomedical character. Patterns of the societal gender order were found, in that representations of the reluctant male caller and the ideal female caller were identified, but also a call representing a counter discourse. The service seemed difficult to use for patients with low language proficiency. Conclusion Telenursing could potentially challenge inequalities in health care. However, the discourse of telenursing is dialectically related to neoliberal ideology and the ideology of medicine. It is also situated in a gendered context of ideal femininity and hegemonic masculinity. Through better awareness of gender biases and the callers’ different resources for making themselves heard, the communication between telenurse and caller might become more equal and thereby better suitable for all callers. PMID:24964860

Hakimnia, Roya; Holmstrom, Inger K.; Carlsson, Marianne; Hoglund, Anna T.

2014-01-01

86

Tell me what's wrong with me: a discourse analysis approach to the concept of patient autonomy.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Patient autonomy has gradually replaced physician paternalism as an ethical ideal. However, in a medical context, the principle of individual autonomy has different meanings. More knowledge is needed about what is and should be an appropriate understanding of the concept of patient autonomy in clinical practice. AIM: To challenge the traditional concept of patient autonomy by applying a discourse analysis to the issue. METHOD: A qualitative case study approach with material from one consultation. The discourse is interpreted according to pragmatic and text-linguistic principles and provides the basis of a theoretical discussion of different concepts of patient autonomy. RESULTS: The consultation transcript illustrates how the patient's wishes can be respected in real life. The patient, her husband and the doctor are all involved in the discourse dynamics, governed by the subject matter, namely her mental illness. CONCLUSION: We suggest a dynamic and dialogue-based conception of autonomy as adequate for clinical purposes. These perspectives, based on mutual understanding, take communication between patient and doctor as their starting point. According to this approach, autonomy requires a genuine dialogue, an interpersonal mode of being which we choose to call "authentic interaction". PMID:9873980

Nessa, J; Malterud, K

1998-01-01

87

Studying circular questioning "in situ": discourse analysis of a first systemic family therapy session.  

PubMed

The present article focuses on the study of circular questioning "in situ," that is, in the context of the discursive arena of an actual first systemic family therapy session. Two typical circular questions are selected, and discourse analysis heavily drawing from the discursive action model is deployed with the aim to highlight their function in the context of therapist and family members' problem talk. The analysis demonstrates the gradual building of two respective patterns, which both exhibit signs of shifts toward the instillment of a systemic epistemology in relation to problem talk: a shift from homogeneity to heterogeneity in family members' voices, which legitimizes the existence of different viewpoints within a system, and a shift from the construction of an accusation toward its deconstruction, which challenges the linear perception of causality underlying the accusation, thus introducing a more circular perspective. Implications are discussed in relation to contemporary, constructionist systemic family therapy practice, and reference is made to the methodological "promises" and challenges of the deployment of discourse analysis for the scrutiny of systemic family therapy therapeutic techniques and tools under a discursively informed light. PMID:25059415

Diorinou, Maria; Tseliou, Eleftheria

2014-01-01

88

Learning about the problem in problem-based learning (PBL) by listening to students’ talk in tutorials: a critical discourse analysis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the fact that student discourse in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials is central to PBL there is a scarcity of discourse anlysis studies of PBL. This concept of the problem as a provoker of a liminal space was derived from a critical discourse analysis study of how PBL students talked about the problem in the naturally occuring talk in PBL

Terry Barrett

2012-01-01

89

Social Construction of Gender and Sexuality in Online HIV/AIDS Discourses in China: A Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis  

E-print Network

to gender inequalities, especially for women in developing countries like China. Discourse is one for women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, what are often overlooked are gender inequalities in socioSocial Construction of Gender and Sexuality in Online HIV/AIDS Discourses in China: A Feminist

Kvasny, Lynette

90

Image, measure, figure: a critical discourse analysis of nursing practices that develop children.  

PubMed

Motivated by discourses that link early child development and health, nurses engage in seemingly benign surveillance of children. These practices are based on knowledge claims and technologies of developmental science, which remain anchored in assumptions of the child body as an incomplete form with a universal developmental trajectory and inherent potentiality. This paper engages in a critical discursive analysis, drawing on Donna Haraway's conceptualizations of technoscience and figuration. Using a contemporary developmental screening tool from nursing practice, this analysis traces the effects of this tool through production, transformation, distribution, and consumption. It reveals how the techniques of imaging, abstraction, and measurement collide to fix the open, transformative child body in a figuration of the developing child. This analysis also demonstrates how technobiopower infuses nurses' understandings of children and structures developmentally appropriate expectations for children, parents, and nurses. Furthermore, it describes how practices that claim to facilitate healthy child development may inversely deprive children of agency and foster the production of normal or ideal children. An alternative ontological perspective is offered as a challenge to the individualism of developmental models and other dominant ideologies of development, as well as practices associated with these ideologies. In summary, this analysis argues that nurses must pay closer attention to how technobiopower infuses practices that monitor and promote child development. Fostering a critical understanding of the harmful implications of these practices is warranted and offers the space to conceive of human development in alternate and exciting ways. PMID:23745662

Einboden, Rochelle; Rudge, Trudy; Varcoe, Colleen

2013-07-01

91

The Rhetoric of War and Remembrance: An Analysis of President Bill Clinton's 1994 D-Day Discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This close textual analysis of President Clinton's discourses in ceremonies commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of D-Day, held on June 6, 1994, considers the rhetorical context and discursive strategies of the president on an international stage. It argues that Clinton employed generational comparisons to emphasize the gifts bequeathed by an older generation and the obligation to advance the goals of democracy

Mary L. Kahl; Michael Leff

2006-01-01

92

The new imperialism: Using critical discourse analysis and articulation theory to study George W. Bush's freedom doctrine  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I examine how Articulation Theory and Critical Discourse Analysis can be used to examine the Bush administration's ‘Freedom Doctrine’ as it appears in official speeches, press releases, and interviews. I also look at possible alternatives to the dominant militaristic interpretation of international events and foreign policy, and recommend other areas of research and study related to the

Tina Sikka

2006-01-01

93

Multi-Level Discourse Analysis in a Physics Teaching Methods Course from the Psychological Perspective of Activity Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present and apply a multi-level method for discourse analysis in science classrooms. This method is based on the structure of human activity (activity, actions, and operations) and it was applied to study a pre-service physics teacher methods course. We argue that such an approach, based on a cultural psychological perspective,…

Vieira, Rodrigo Drumond; Kelly, Gregory J.

2014-01-01

94

The framing of Calvin Klein: A frame analysis of media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans advertising campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein jeans campaign which media critics characterized as “kiddie porn.” Though media placement of the campaign was limited, mainstream media reports of the nascent controversy surrounding the campaign brought it into the national spotlight. A frame analysis is used to deconstruct the kiddie?porn media frame which the industry and

Lauren R. Tucker

1998-01-01

95

Normative Discourse and Persuasion: An Analysis of Ga'dang Informal Litigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the discourse of Ga'dang, a Philippine language, focuses on normative discourse and persuasion, especially the ways in which the former is used to accomplish the latter. The first five chapters outline the theoretical framework of the study, placing normative and persuasive discourse in a philosophical context and relating them to the…

Walrod, Michael R.

96

Dancing with Difference: An Auto/ethnographic Analysis of Dominant Discourses in Integrated Dance .  

E-print Network

??Through six months of ethnographic and autoethnographic fieldwork, which included participant observation and ten individual semi-structured interviews, I sought to determine how dominant discourses in… (more)

Irving, Hannah

2011-01-01

97

Ideological collocation and the recontexualization of Wahhabi-Saudi Islam post-9\\/11: A synergy of corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposes what is termed a ‘methodological synergy’ (Baker et al., 2008) of corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis (CDA) for exploring how clashing ideologies have been actualized at collocation level across opposing discourses on Wahhabi-Saudi Islam\\/Wahhabism since 9\\/11. The discursive competition over Wahhabi-Saudi Islam reached a new extreme in the USA, when the 9\\/11 attacks called attention to

Amir H. Y. Salama

2011-01-01

98

Death penalty discourses, the printed media, and the UK public sphere: a critical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I investigate the lack of full public participation and consequent democratic deficit on the issue of capital punishment in the UK. In so doing I critically analyse the media institutions and practices of the UK public sphere within which the death penalty discourses unfold, and several printed media contributions to the capital punishment discourses around abolition in

Eugene Flanagan

2010-01-01

99

Learning to Read: Discourse Analysis and the Study and Practice of Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators are inclined to think that the words they use in their discourses about policy, research, and practice mean what they mean them to mean. It is just as clear, however, that such discourses ideologically produce and reproduce relations of power that benefit some and disadvantage others. This essay begins an argument that educators need to…

Wilson, Arthur L.

2009-01-01

100

Mises au point et perspectives a propos de l'analyse automatique du discours (Focuses and Perspectives with Regard to Machine Discourse Analysis)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part One discusses social formation, language, discourse, and ideology, and linguistics as a theory of syntactic mechanisms and processes of enunciation. Part Two deals with new criticisms of program design, linguistic analysis, and discursive process analysis. (Text is in French.) (Author/MSE)

Pecheux, Michel; Fuchs, Catherine

1975-01-01

101

The feds and enviros can't tell us who we are: a discourse analysis of identity resistance strategies of public lands ranchers  

E-print Network

THE FEDS AND ENVIROS CAN'T TELL US WHO WE ARE: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF IDENTITY RESISTANCE STRATEGIES OF PUBLIC LANDS RANCHERS A Thesis by REBECCA JANELL ROYER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 2003 Major Subject: Speech Communication THE FEDS AND ENVIROS CAN'T TELL US WHO WE ARE: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF IDENTITY RESISTANCE STRATEGIES OF PUBLIC LANDS RANCHERS A Thesis...

Royer, Rebecca Janell

2012-06-07

102

Identification and Disidentification in Organizational Discourse: A Metaphor Analysis of E-Mail Communication at Enron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project is situated within the interpretive tradition in organizational communication research, focusing on organizational discourse. It goes further by bringing the discussion into the 21st century through examining how communication technology--specifically e-mail--plays a role in the linguistic practices that help create, maintain and…

Turnage, Anna K.

2010-01-01

103

Managing Victim Status in Group Therapy for Men: A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the abundance of research on women victims, this article sheds light on the discourse of men who are self-identified as victims of their female partners' abuse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the most salient identity constructions and abuse conceptualizations among participants of group psychotherapy for men who have…

Zverina, Michaela; Stam, Henderikus J.; Babins-Wagner, Robbie

2011-01-01

104

Semio-Pragmatic Analysis of Cartoons Discourse: A Step towards Semiotranslation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary concern of this study is to explore the subtle implications of the "Semiotranslation Approach vis-a-vis" analyzing the semiotic elements of discourse in Jordanian cartoons as creative artistic texts in which various signs manifest simultaneous interaction, thus achieving both entertainment and purposeful satire. Therefore, the…

AlBzour, Naser Naif

2011-01-01

105

Discourse Analysis and Second Language Teaching. Language in Education: Theory and Practice, No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concentration on the formal features of language and on developing speaking skills in a second language fails to provide the language student with the necessary level of conversational ability. The concept of communicative competence has resulted in a new emphasis on the nature of interaction and the rules of discourse. Interest has shifted from…

Kramsch, Claire J.

106

(Un)Earthing a Vocabulary of Values: A Discourse Analysis for Ecocomposition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author aims to propose an analytic method through which composition students and others might discover and understand the ecological complexities of prevailing environmental terminology that create "wicked problems." Through this method, students engage in "discursive ecology" by exploring the connections among discourse,…

Walker, Paul

2010-01-01

107

Earning One's Inheritance: Rhetorical Criticism, Everyday Talk, and the Analysis of Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes a transcribed speech in which an African American community member engaged a panel of school board officials on the topic of racial stereotypes in an elementary school science experiment. Concludes that the force of public discourse may reside less in a speaker's ability to persuade an audience than in an audience's willingness to recycle…

McCormick, Samuel

2003-01-01

108

Conceptual change cum discourse analysis: Towards an integrative perspective on learning in science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Illustrates how a well-designed curriculum can lead students to construct an unwanted conception. Concludes that the conceptual-change-cum-discourse perspective has the potential to integrate the affordances of both methodological approaches and past empirical accomplishments. Contains 33 references.

Duit, Reinders; Roth, Wolff-Michael; Komorek, Michael; Wilbers, Jens

2006-05-23

109

Performing Gender: A Discourse Analysis of Theatre-Based Sexual Violence Prevention Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the numerous approaches that are employed to prevent sexual violence, the performance of scenarios has become one of the "promising practices" in U.S. postsecondary education. This article describes findings from a pilot study to analyze scripts used for theatre-based sexual violence prevention programs. Employing the method of discourse

Iverson, Susan V.

2006-01-01

110

Professional Mathematics Teacher Identity: Analysis of Reflective Narratives from Discourses and Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the methodological use of reflective narratives from discourses and activities of an experienced primary teacher as evidence of her professional identity. The teacher's reflective narratives emerge from her participation in a 3-year developmental and research project, Learning Communities in Mathematics, conducted at the…

Bjuland, Raymond; Cestari, Maria Luiza; Borgersen, Hans Erik

2012-01-01

111

The Leader-Member Exchange Patterns of Women Leaders in Industry: A Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the communicatively constructed nature of Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) and gender. Analyzes actual routine work conversations to produce 12 discourse patterns that discriminated between high, medium, and low LMX relationships. Focuses on the functioning of the patterns and the influence of gender in the construction of high, medium, and…

Fairhurst, Gail T.

1993-01-01

112

Pedagogising Poverty Alleviation: A Discourse Analysis of Educational and Social Policies in Argentina and Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past decades international organisations and governments have promoted and implemented analogous education policies on the grounds that education is the key factor to foster development and fight poverty. This article sets the context of these educational programmes and analyses their discourse on poverty in Argentina and Chile. Then, it…

Rambla, Xavier; Veger, Antoni

2009-01-01

113

Framing and Face: The Relevance of "The Presentation of Self" to Linguistic Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Erving Goffman did not turn his analytic focus specifically toward language until later in his career, his work, beginning with "The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life," has been crucial for discourse analysts and interactional sociolinguists who study language in social context. Perhaps most influential have been his concepts of…

Tannen, Deborah

2009-01-01

114

Americans in Paris: A Discourse Analysis of Student Accounts of Study Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I provide a discourse analytical and narrative-theoretical examination of four American undergraduate students' interview accounts of study abroad in France. The key finding is that all of these students accounted for the significance of their experiences studying abroad in terms that transcended the institutionally sanctioned…

Wolcott, Timothy Paul

2010-01-01

115

Students' interaction with computer representations: analysis of discourse in laboratory groups  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Language use in student laboratory groups makes apparent students' conceptions in science, their interpretation of the activity or task, and the negotiation of the roles of the members. This article reports on a methodological approach to analyze student discourse systematically. Four Grade 12 lab groups working on microcomputer-based laboratories (MBL) are the focus of the study. The MBL experiences were used to help students link oscillatory motion to graphical representations. Study of student discourse reveals the role the computer plays in the group context and the ways that this context is shaped by the computer. Developing a better understanding of the role of the computer in student conversations suggests ways to fruitfully construct contexts for learning physics.

Kelly, Gregory; Crawford, Teresa

2005-11-23

116

An Analysis of Teacher Discourse that Introduces Real Science Activities to High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most academic science educators encourage teachers to provide their students with access to more authentic science activities.\\u000a What can and do teachers say to increase students’ interests in participating in opportunities to do real science? What are\\u000a the discursive resources they draw on to introduce authentic science to students? The purpose of this ethnographic and discourse-analytic study is\\u000a to investigate

Pei-Ling Hsu; Wolff-Michael Roth

2009-01-01

117

Innocent Victims, Fighter Cells, and White Uncles: A Discourse Analysis of Children's Books about AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we examine a set of 26 children's books on HIV/AIDS published between 1989-1999 to identify the ways in which these texts construct HIV/AIDS and people living with HIV/AIDS. We explore how this marginalized group is depicted in these books, and how well-meaning teachers may in fact be reproducing dominant discourses about HIV/AIDS…

Blumenreich, Megan; Siegel, Marjorie

2006-01-01

118

Analysis of Student–Instructor Interaction Patterns in Real-Time, Scientific Online Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The characteristics of the online environment alter how students and instructors interact. Scientific discourse among students\\u000a and instructors in an online text-only synchronous environment was analyzed. In converting dialogue to text, many of the nonverbal\\u000a cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which instructors use to gauge student understanding are lost. The participants\\u000a adapt their communication style to

Erik M. Epp; Kellie F. Green; Aliya M. Rahman; Gabriela C. Weaver

2010-01-01

119

Exploring news media representations of women’s exercise and subjectivity through critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of media work from a critical perspective being established, much is to be learned about how women’s exercise is (re)presented within news media discourses and the implications for women’s health promotion. Health promotion researchers need to further consider the media environment in which health-related meanings are constructed and compete. Building on media research from a critical perspective,

Kerry R. McGannon; John C. Spence

2012-01-01

120

In the shadow of a new smoke free policy: A discourse analysis of health care providers' engagement in tobacco control in community mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of tobacco use among individuals with mental illness remains a serious public health concern. Tobacco control has received little attention in community mental health despite the fact that many individuals with mental illness are heavy smokers and experience undue tobacco-related health consequences. METHODS: This qualitative study used methods of discourse analysis to examine the perceptions of health

Joy L. Johnson; Barbara M. Moffat; Leslie A. Malchy

2010-01-01

121

Preserving Respectability or Blatant Disrespect? A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Morehouse Appropriate Attire Policy and Implications for Intersectional Approaches to Examining Campus Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I conduct a critical discourse analysis of the Morehouse College Appropriate Attire Policy and discuss how issues of race, gender, and sexuality converge to reveal both overt and hidden meanings embedded in the policy. I also consider how power is used towards "other" black college men who neither fit neatly into…

Patton, Lori D.

2014-01-01

122

The Discourse of Retrospective Miscue Analysis: Links with Adult Learning Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the appropriateness of retrospective miscue analysis (RMA) for post-secondary developmental readers through the perspective of adult learning theory. Emphasizes the suitability of RMA as an instructional strategy for college readers through analyzing the process and effectiveness of two RMA sessions with a young adult college…

Paulson, Eric

2001-01-01

123

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper…

Hill, Steven G.; Cable, Ted T.; Scott, David

2010-01-01

124

The Main Concept Analysis in Cantonese Aphasic Oral Discourse: External Validation and Monitoring Chronic Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The 1st aim of this study was to further establish the external validity of the main concept (MC) analysis by examining its relationship with the Cantonese Linguistic Communication Measure (CLCM; Kong, 2006; Kong & Law, 2004)--an established quantitative system for narrative production--and the Cantonese version of the Western Aphasia…

Kong, Anthony Pak-Hin

2011-01-01

125

Measuring Discourse-Level Processes with Verbal Protocols and Latent Semantic Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study used latent semantic analysis (LSA) to analyze verbal protocols that were collected while participants read expository passages. In the study, participants were asked to type their thoughts after reading each sentence of 2 scientific texts. The semantic similarity between the protocols and the current sentence and prior causal…

Millis, Keith; Magliano, Joseph; Todaro, Stacey

2006-01-01

126

Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

PETER TEO

2000-01-01

127

An Exploratory Analysis of Communication in Peer-Directed Educational Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory analysis examined the nature of asynchronous, text-based communication in peer-directed educational discussions. The nature of communication changed over time and women exhibited greater tendency for epistolary communication than men. Initial posts, which were expository in nature, focused on disseminating information whereas…

Gibbs, William J.

2009-01-01

128

Pedagogic discourse in introductory classes: Multi-dimensional analysis of textbooks and lectures in biology and macroeconomics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The broad goal of this study is to represent the linguistic variation of textbooks and lectures, the primary input for student learning---and sometimes the sole input in the large introductory classes which characterize General Education at many state universities. Computer techniques are used to analyze a corpus of textbooks and lectures from first-year university classes in macroeconomics and biology. These spoken and written variants are compared to each other as well as to benchmark texts from other multi-dimensional studies in order to examine their patterns, relations, and functions. A corpus consisting of 147,000 words was created from macroeconomics and biology lectures at a medium-large state university and from a set of nationally "best-selling" textbooks used in these same introductory survey courses. The corpus was analyzed using multi-dimensional methodology (Biber, 1988). The analysis consists of both empirical and qualitative phases. Quantitative analyses are undertaken on the linguistic features, their patterns of co-occurrence, and on the contextual elements of classrooms and textbooks. The contextual analysis is used to functionally interpret the statistical patterns of co-occurrence along five dimensions of textual variation, demonstrating patterns of difference and similarity with reference to text excerpts. Results of the analysis suggest that academic discourse is far from monolithic. Pedagogic discourse in introductory classes varies by modality and discipline, but not always in the directions expected. In the present study the most abstract texts were biology lectures---more abstract than written genres of academic prose and more abstract than introductory textbooks. Academic lectures in both disciplines, monologues which carry a heavy informational load, were extremely interactive, more like conversation than academic prose. A third finding suggests that introductory survey textbooks differ from those used in upper division classes by being relatively less marked for information density, abstraction, and non-overt argumentation. In addition to the findings mentioned here, numerous other relationships among the texts exhibit complex patterns of variation related to a number of situational variables. Pedagogical implications are discussed in relation to General Education courses, differing student populations, and the reading and listening demands which students encounter in large introductory classes in the university.

Carkin, Susan

129

Analysis of Student-Instructor Interaction Patterns in Real-Time, Scientific Online Discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The characteristics of the online environment alter how students and instructors interact. Scientific discourse among students and instructors in an online text-only synchronous environment was analyzed. In converting dialogue to text, many of the nonverbal cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which instructors use to gauge student understanding are lost. The participants adapt their communication style to the medium, and we present a new interaction pattern for student-instructor communication found prevalent in the synchronous, text-only, online environment. This study has implications for instructors who use synchronous, text-based communication for their courses, namely the value of posing additional questions from the instructor to verify student understanding.

Epp, Erik M.; Green, Kellie F.; Rahman, Aliya M.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

2010-02-01

130

A causal analysis relating previous achievement, attitudes, discourse, and intervention to achievement in biology and chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study described the relationship of 38 variates to achievement in high school biology and chemistry classes. Forty-four teachers prepared audio tape recordings of discussions throughout a nine-month period. Equal-sized groups received treatment consisting of wait time feedback and/or supportive intervention, a form of peer coaching. Other variables were initial measures, which included the variates of class size and previous science grade, pre- and posttest scores on student attitudes and perceptions, and prediscourse and discourse analyses, which included the variates of wait times, actions, and response durations. While previous research has shown that wait time feedback and supportive intervention are effective means of changing teacher behavior, the results of the present study revealed that previous student achievement and the attitudes of students accounted for 70% of the variation in the final examination scores (New York State Regents) on the basis of only the first three weeks of data collection on the variables assessed. Generally, little emphasis on higher-level thinking, wait time, or problem solving was found at the beginning of the school year, and only minimal changes resulted from the application of the treatment variables. Pressures for content coverage and preparation for externally imposed statewide examinations that emphasize memory-level learning augured against the changes that the independent variables were designed to produce.

Gooding, C. Thomas; Swift, J. Nathan; Schell, Robert E.; Swift, Patricia R.; McCroskery, James H.

131

Pap smear brochures, misogyny and language: a discourse analysis and feminist critique.  

PubMed

Text from a public health brochure on pap smears was analysed with particular reference to ways in which the language used conveys particular messages about women and their bodies. In the text, 'humans' were found to be excluded as such. Both the pap smear service provider and the women who are the recipients of this service--and at whom such brochures are targeted--are objectified and their characteristics of human existence (i.e. ontological capacities) were restricted. The language of the pamphlet invokes an image for women associated with vaginal (penile penetrative) sex. The discourse also is found to be didactic, biomedical and written in the voice of the service provider. Further, the encounter of pap smear events is contextualized as procedural such that not only is the woman 'done to' in the process of having a cervical smear test but the woman's and provider's experiences of the encounter are silenced. It is concluded that the texts may be viewed as misogynist and that such texts do not take account of the complexity of women's decisions to 'submit to' or comply with cervical cancer screening. PMID:9437963

Lane, V; Lawler, J

1997-12-01

132

Reporting the Rhetoric, Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child as Represented in Ireland's Second Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ireland's second periodic report to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) presents the government's case that it is succeeding in protecting and promoting the rights of all children in Ireland. This article presents a critical discourse analysis of the government's Report to the CRC. Using a refined critical discourse

Kiersey, Rachel A.; Hayes, Noirin

2010-01-01

133

Selling patients and other metaphors: a discourse analysis of the interpretive frames that shape emergency department admission handoffs.  

PubMed

This paper reports a discourse analysis of the language doctors used as they talked about and engaged in patient handoffs between the emergency department (ED) and various inpatient services at one highly specialized academic tertiary teaching and referral hospital in the Midwest United States. Although interest in handoff improvement has grown considerably in recent years, progress has been hampered, perhaps in part, because of a widely used but limiting conceptual model of handoff as an information transmission. The purpose of the study reported here is to analyze the way doctors make sense of handoff interactions, including uncovering the interpretive frames they use, in order to provide empirical findings to expand conceptual models of handoff. All data reported were drawn from a two-year ethnographic study (2009-2011) and include semi-structured interviews (n = 48), non-participant observations (349 h), and recorded telephone handoff conversations (n = 48). A total of eighty-six individuals participated, including resident and attending doctors from the ED, internal medicine and surgical services, as well as hospital administrators. Findings are organized around four metaphors doctors used: sales, sports and games, packaging, and teamwork. Each metaphor, in turn, reveals an underlying interpretive frame that appears to be influenced by organizational and social structures and to shape the possibilities for action that doctors perceive. The four underlying interpretive frames are: handoff as persuasion, handoff as competition, handoff as expectation matching, and handoff as collaboration. Taken together, these interpretive frames highlight the complex, socially interactive nature of handoff and provide an empirical basis for grounding and enriching the conceptual model of handoff that guides research and practice improvement efforts. PMID:24565149

Hilligoss, Brian

2014-02-01

134

Role Models or Normalizing Agents? A Genealogical Analysis of Popular Written News Media Discourse regarding Male Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author examines popular written news media discourse from the United States concerning the "boy crisis," the gender gap, and male teachers as role models employing genealogical methodologies and theoretical concepts suggested by Foucault (1984, 1990, 1995). It is argued that such discourses reveal how "common sense" beliefs…

Sternod, Brandon M.

2011-01-01

135

Analyses des discours non strictement mathematiques accompagnant des cours de mathematiques (Analysis of Not Strictly Mathematical Discourse in Mathematics Classes).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines discourse, not strictly mathematical, that teachers might adopt in a mathematics class and presents three major functions of such discourse: communication; structuring and labeling; and reflection. Develops lines for further inquiry, notably on the third function, the most likely focus for specific preparation by the teacher. (13…

Robert, Aline

1995-01-01

136

An analysis of peer interaction patterns as discoursed by on-line small group problem-solving activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, numerous on-line discussion forums have been developed for educational purposes; therefore, a better under- standing about peer student discussion or discourse interactions is quite important. Through gathering peer learning inter- actions on 57 college computer science students, who were randomly assigned into 14 small groups for solving programming problems, this study analyzed the content of their discourse interactions. First,

Chen-chung Liu; Chin-chung Tsai

2008-01-01

137

A SIMPLE DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. TRANSFORMATIONS AND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS PAPERS, NUMBER 67, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER IS A SIMPLIFIED DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. IT IS NEITHER ASSUMED NOR IMPLIED IN THIS ALGORITHM THAT ANY KIND OF PRIOR ANALYSIS (EITHER STRING OR CONSTITUENT ANALYSIS) IS REQUIRED AS A PREREQUISITE. IN ORDER TO DEFINE THE SET OF ALL TRANSFORMS, THE AUTHORS FIRST DEFINE A…

HIZ, DANUTA; JOSHI, ARAVIND K.

138

Adolescent pregnancies and girls' sexual and reproductive rights in the amazon basin of Ecuador: an analysis of providers' and policy makers' discourses  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescent pregnancies are a common phenomenon that can have both positive and negative consequences. The rights framework allows us to explore adolescent pregnancies not just as isolated events, but in relation to girls' sexual and reproductive freedom and their entitlement to a system of health protection that includes both health services and the so called social determinants of health. The aim of this study was to explore policy makers' and service providers' discourses concerning adolescent pregnancies, and discuss the consequences that those discourses have for the exercise of girls' sexual and reproductive rights' in the province of Orellana, located in the amazon basin of Ecuador. Methods We held six focus-group discussions and eleven in-depth interviews with 41 Orellana's service providers and policy makers. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using discourse analysis, specifically looking for interpretative repertoires. Results Four interpretative repertoires emerged from the interviews. The first repertoire identified was "sex is not for fun" and reflected a moralistic construction of girls' sexual and reproductive health that emphasized abstinence, and sent contradictory messages regarding contraceptive use. The second repertoire -"gendered sexuality and parenthood"-constructed women as sexually uninterested and responsible mothers, while men were constructed as sexually driven and unreliable. The third repertoire was "professionalizing adolescent pregnancies" and lead to patronizing attitudes towards adolescents and disregard of the importance of non-medical expertise. The final repertoire -"idealization of traditional family"-constructed family as the proper space for the raising of adolescents while at the same time acknowledging that sexual abuse and violence within families was common. Conclusions Providers' and policy makers' repertoires determined the areas that the array of sexual and reproductive health services should include, leaving out the ones more prone to cause conflict and opposition, such as gender equality, abortion provision and welfare services for pregnant adolescents. Moralistic attitudes and sexism were present - even if divergences were also found-, limiting services' capability to promote girls' sexual and reproductive health and rights. PMID:20525405

2010-01-01

139

First-Year College Student Beliefs about Writing Embedded in Online Discourse: An Analysis and Its Implications for Literacy Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online discourse has become a common mode of communication for the Twenty-First Century. Many businesses now use electronic networking sites such as Facebook to communicate with customers through online posts and electronic updates through Twitter. With these recent trends in electronic communication, some educators have begun implementing…

Burkart, Gina

2010-01-01

140

Teachers in the News: A Critical Analysis of One US Newspaper's Discourse on Education, 2006-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative…

Cohen, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

141

Healthy Living and Keeping BusyA Discourse Analysis of Mid-Aged Women's Attributions for Menopausal Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Menopause is a complex time in the lives of mid-aged women, and this contributes to the diversity of attributions of menopausal experience. In this study, participants' comments on a survey of attitudes about menopause were analyzed discursively to consider how mid-aged women account for their own and other women's experience of menopause. Two discourses drawn upon to make attributions about

Mary Breheny; Christine Stephens

2003-01-01

142

Exploring the Discourse on Communication Modality after Cochlear Implantation: A Foucauldian Analysis of Parents' Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After pediatric cochlear implantation, parents have to make decisions concerning which communication modality the child and the child's family will use. The choice has to be made against a background of opposing views on communication modality in follow-up after pediatric cochlear implantation. The opposing views form a discourse that has…

Bruin, Marieke; Nevøy, Anne

2014-01-01

143

"Everyone's Got Room to Grow": A Discourse Analysis of Service-Learning Rhetoric in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores representations emergent in discourse about service learning in an effort to understand what gives the notion special value. A job presentation of a candidate for dean of faculty, articles published in a college newspaper, descriptions posted on a college website and commentary offered in an interview with a student…

Ladousa, Chaise

2013-01-01

144

An Analysis of Peer Interaction Patterns as Discoursed by On-Line Small Group Problem-Solving Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, numerous on-line discussion forums have been developed for educational purposes; therefore, a better understanding about peer student discussion or discourse interactions is quite important. Through gathering peer learning interactions on 57 college computer science students, who were randomly assigned into 14 small groups for solving…

Liu, Chen-Chung; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2008-01-01

145

Public Discourse on HIV and AIDS: An Archival Analysis of National Newspaper Reporting in Uganda, 1996-2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uganda is recognised as an early success story in the HIV epidemic at least in part due to an open and vigorous national dialogue about HIV prevention. This study examined the national discourse about HIV, AIDS, and young people in New Vision, Uganda's leading national newspaper between 1996 and 2011, building from a previous archival…

Lagone, Elizabeth; Mathur, Sanyukta; Nakyanjo, Neema; Nalugoda, Fred; Santelli, John

2014-01-01

146

The role of genes in talking about overweight: An analysis of discourse on genetics, overweight and health risks in relation to nutrigenomics.  

PubMed

This study examines whether the assumptions embedded in nutrigenomics, especially the alleged relation between information about personal health risks and healthy behaviour, match how people account for the relation between food, health and genes in everyday life. We draw on discourse analysis to study accounts of overweight in six group interviews with people who are and who are not overweight. The results show potentially contradictory normative orientations towards behavioural explanations of (over)weight. Overt gene accounts are interactionally problematic (in contrast to more indirect accounts such as 'build'), indicating that participants treat 'behaviour' as the normatively appropriate explanation for overweight. At the same time, however, healthy behaviour is an accountable matter, i.e. it is dealt with in interaction as behaviour that is not self-evidently right but requires an explanation. It is discussed how bringing these interactional concerns to the surface is essential for understanding future users' response to nutrigenomics and emergent technologies more in general. PMID:23825280

Komduur, Rixt; Te Molder, Hedwig

2014-11-01

147

The Race Issue in Mississippi Politics; A Content Analysis of Campaign Discourse in Mississippi's 1971 Gubernatorial Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial attitudes were an issue in the 1972 Mississippi gubernatorial campaign between Charles Evers and William Waller. This conclusion is supported by test evidence consisting of content analysis of candidate speeches, news coverage of speeches in the form of direct quotations, printed issue position papers, and printed campaign advertising. A…

King, Emma Lou

148

Shifting Identity Positions in the Development of Language Education for Immigrants: An Analysis of Discourses Associated with "Swedish for Immigrants"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented in this paper focuses upon conceptualisations of language and identity in the institutionalised arena that emerged in the post-Second World War period with the specific intention of teaching Swedish to adult immigrants in the nation-state of Sweden. Our analysis focuses upon the development of the educational programme "Swedish…

Rosen, Jenny Karin; Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta

2013-01-01

149

Computer-Supported Collaborative Inquiry on Buoyancy: A Discourse Analysis Supporting the "Pieces" Position on Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes in detail a conversation analysis of conceptual change in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. Conceptual change is an essential learning process in science education that has yet to be fully understood. While many models and theories have been developed over the last three decades, empirical data to…

Turcotte, Sandrine

2012-01-01

150

It cuts both ways: an analysis of the psychological discourse on self-injury from a linguistic point of view.  

PubMed

This article proposes an analysis of the phenomenon of self-injury through the prism of current linguistic theories. The author uses the clinical distinctions made by Roman Jakobson between metonymic and metaphoric aphasia to suggest that the psychological community and those who harm themselves are participating in separate "language games." While the clinical "language game" is characterized by the dominance of metaphor and a conception stressing the hierarchy between metaphor and metonymy, the "language game" of self-mutilators is dominated by metonymy. The author explores the clinical implications of understanding the language game of those who injure themselves as metonymic. PMID:25247287

Bar-On, Vered

2014-10-01

151

Reaching out to people struggling with their lives: a discourse analysis of answers from Internet-based services in Norway and Sweden  

PubMed Central

The Internet has enlarged the scope of human communication, opening new avenues for connecting with people who are struggling with their lives. This article presents a discourse analysis of 101 responses to 98 questions that were posted on 14 different Internet-based mental health services in Norway and Sweden. We aimed to examine and describe the dominant understandings and favored recommendations in the services’ answers, and we reflected upon the social consequences of those answers. The services generally understood life struggles as an abnormal state of mind, life rhythms, or self-reinforcing loops. Internet-based mental health services primarily counsel service users to seek help, talk to health care professionals face-to-face, and discuss their life struggles openly and honestly. They also urge service users to take better care of themselves and socialize with other people. However, such answers might enhance the individualization of life problems, masking social origin and construction. Consequently, the services are challenged to include social explanations in their answers and strengthen their responsibility to amplify peoples’ messages at a societal level. Potentially, such answers could strengthen democratic structures and put pressure on social equity. PMID:23049282

Andersen, Anders Johan W; Svensson, Tommy

2012-01-01

152

How far can Foucault take us?: an analysis of the changing discourses and limitations of the medical treatment of apoplexy and stroke.  

PubMed

This article examines the conditions under which epistemological shifts in medicine have shaped the history of apoplexy and stroke. Our intention is to understand how stroke medicine as a distinct branch of bio-medicine has emerged in its current form. In doing so, we draw on aspects of the work of Michel Foucault as they relate to fabrication of biomedical discourses. The past 300 years of the transformation of the condition is examined using Michel Foucault's analysis of medical history as instances of the changing spatialization of disease. While the adoption of this approach helped explain how medical practice was shaped by changing interpretations of the causes of apoplexy and stroke over the past few centuries, we also found that there were certain limitations to such an approach. Overall, however, we hope to show that an examination of the history of stroke medicine through a Foucauldian influenced lens can provide a useful understanding of its current circumstances as well as throw light on gaps in Foucauldian approaches themselves. PMID:21169207

Daneski, Katharine; Higgs, Paul; Morgan, Myfanwy

2011-07-01

153

Organizational Discourse: Domains, Debates and Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in the analysis of organizational discourse has expanded rapidly over the last two decades. In this article, we reflect critically on organizational discourse analysis as an approach to the study of organizations and management, highlighting both its strengths and areas of challenge. We begin with an explanation of the nature of organizational discourse analysis and outline some of the

Nelson Phillips; Cliff Oswick

2012-01-01

154

Organizational Discourse: Domains, Debates, and Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in the analysis of organizational discourse has expanded rapidly over the last two decades. In this article, we reflect critically on organizational discourse analysis as an approach to the study of organizations and management, highlighting both its strengths and areas of challenge. We begin with an explanation of the nature of organizational discourse analysis and outline some of the

Nelson Phillips; Cliff Oswick

2012-01-01

155

Educational Policy-Making in Post-Communist Ukraine as an Example of Emerging Governmentality: Discourse Analysis of Curriculum Choice and Assessment Policy Documents (1999-2003)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational policy-making in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is still building upon the ambivalences and uncertainties of post-communist transformation. The international support, expertise and discourses--coupled with communist legacies, stalled democratic developments and national discourses--produce unique effects on education in…

Fimyar, Olena

2008-01-01

156

`We are Dealing with People Whose Origins One can Clearly Tell Just by Looking': Critical Discourse Analysis and the Study of Neo-Racism in Contemporary Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the discourse of neo-racism towards foreigners in Austria between 1989 and 1991. It summarizes the preliminary results of an ongoing interdisciplinary project, and offers illustrative examples of official discourse (politicians), newspaper texts and anonymous conversations on the street recorded during the Waldheim campaign of 1987 and the Viennese municipal election of 1991. The study suggests that

Ruth Wodak; Bernd Matouschek

1993-01-01

157

Mapping Mathematics in Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a particular analytic method from systemic functional linguistics, "thematic analysis," which reveals the mathematical meaning potentials construed in discourse. Addressing concerns that discourse analysis is too often content-free, thematic analysis provides a way to represent semantic structures of mathematical content,…

Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth A.; Otten, Samuel

2011-01-01

158

Discourses of Education and Constitutions of Class: Public Discourses on Education in Swedish PBS Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on post-structural perspectives and analysis of television programs on education, the article investigates the public educational discourse in Sweden. It shows how a dominant neoliberal educational discourse is articulated together with a discourse of equal education, where the two discourses influence and subvert each other so that…

Reimers, Eva

2014-01-01

159

Expanding discourse repertoires with hybridity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In "Hybrid discourse practice and science learning" Kamberelis and Wehunt present a theoretically rich argument about the potential of hybrid discourses for science learning. These discourses draw from different forms of "talk, social practice, and material practices" to create interactions that are "intertextually complex" and "interactionally dynamic." The hybrid discourse practices are described as involving the dynamic interplay of at least three key elements: "the lamination of multiple cultural frames, the shifting relations between people and their discourse, and the shifting power relations between and among people." Each of these elements requires a respective unit of analysis and are often mutually reinforcing. The authors present a theoretically cogent argument for the study of hybrid discourse practices and identify the potential such discourses may have for science education. This theoretical development leads to an analysis of spoken and written discourse around a set of educational events concerning the investigation of owl pellets by two fifth grade students, their classmates, and teacher. Two discourse segments are presented and analyzed by the authors in detail. The first is a discourse analysis of the dissection of the owl pellet by two students, Kyle and Max. The second analysis examines the science report of these same two students. In this article, I pose a number of questions about the study with the hope that by doing so I expand the conversation around the insightful analysis presented.

Kelly, Gregory J.

2012-09-01

160

A Corpus-Based Analysis of the Discourse Functions of "Ser/Estar" + Adjective in Three Levels of Spanish as FL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the acquisition of Spanish's two copulas, "ser" and "estar," provides an understanding of the interaction among syntax, semantics, pragmatics, morphology, and vocabulary during development (e.g., Geeslin, 2003a, 2003b; Gunterman, 1992; Ryan & Lafford, 1992). Recent research suggests that linguistic features in the surrounding discourse

Collentine, Joe; Asencion-Delaney, Yuly

2010-01-01

161

A Call to Arms at the End of History: A Discourse–Historical Analysis of George W. Bush’s Declaration of War on Terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we take a discourse–historical approach to illustrate the significance of George W. Bush’s (2001) declaration of a ‘war on terror’. We present four exemplary ‘call to arms’ speeches by Pope Urban II (1095), Queen Elizabeth I (1588), Adolf Hitler (1938) and George W. Bush (2001) to exemplify the structure, function, and historical significance of such texts in

Phil Graham; Thomas Keenan; Anne-Maree Dowd

2004-01-01

162

A Discourse Approach to Theorising HRD: Opening a Discursive Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how a discourse approach to theorising human resource development (HRD) can open a "discursive space" to challenge dominant discourses within the field; enabling a more critical discourse to emerge. Design/methodology/approach: Discusses two approaches to discourse analysis, a "practice" and a…

Lawless, Aileen; Sambrook, Sally; Garavan, Tom; Valentin, Claire

2011-01-01

163

Sexy Words, Iconic Phrases and slippery terms - it's all newspaper talk: a theoretical analysis of the language used by the newspaper industry to manifest and perpetuate discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the range of discursive positions adopted by newspapers to perceive issues. Through the application of a theoretical analysis on the commentaries' language, this paper speculates on who profits from the underlying message that is deduced. This paper advocates the need to apply critical thought to apparatuses such as the media, because they seek to establish a particular

Alpesh Maisuria

164

The discourse of the male gaze: a critical analysis of the feature section 'The beauty of sport' in SA Sports Illustrated  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article demonstrates, through critical analysis, how words and pictures are manip- ulated in 'The beauty of sport', a regular feature section in SA Sports Illustrated (hereafter SASI), to construe images of sportswomen that resonate with female stereotypes shaped by the male gaze. Three stereotypes of women seem to dominate in the media, namely the 'sex object', 'person trying to

Mandie Brandt; Adelia Carstens

2005-01-01

165

A textual enactment of community: On discourse analysis, the news media and a social housing project in Tunisia in the 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regimes like the post-colonial Tunisian government have often been qualified as ‘neo-patriarchal’ with little analysis of actual state practices. Focusing on a specific aspect of government policy in the 1990s in Tunisia, the present article examines a housing programme which removed over a thousand families from unsafe housing in old central neighbourhoods of Tunis to new estates on the western

Justin Mcguinness

2005-01-01

166

[Critical trajectories of female victims of gender violence: discourse analysis of women and staff professionals in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil].  

PubMed

This qualitative study aims to describe the trajectories of female victims of gender violence in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The methodology included in-depth interviews with women and staff, attempting to map the critical paths of women when they made the decision to seek professional help. We interviewed 21 women victims of gender violence and 25 professionals, including law enforcement officials, health and social workers, and nongovernmental organizations. The women's trajectories in the services were mapped, identifying facilitating factors and obstacles in the process of breaking with gender violence. The victims reported: pressure by professional staff to return to their marriages and police inefficiency in providing protection. The discourse of law enforcement officials and health and social workers showed a range of different concepts regarding violence, medicalization of violence, and network fragmentation. PMID:21603757

Meneghel, Stela Nazareth; Bairros, Fernanda; Mueller, Betânia; Monteiro, Débora; Oliveira, Lidiane Pellenz de; Collaziol, Marceli Emer

2011-04-01

167

Introduction. Types de discours, ou fonctionnement discursif (Introduction. Types of Discourse, or Discursive Function)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the limits of Harris' and Chomsky's models for discourse analysis and questions their epistemological basis. Also discusses the "French school of discourse analysis." (Text is in French.) (AM)

Guespin, L.

1976-01-01

168

Rhetorical Analysis in Critical Policy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetorical analysis, an approach to critical discourse analysis, is presented as a useful method for critical policy analysis and its effort to understand the role policies play in perpetuating inequality. A rhetorical analysis of Character "Matters!", the character education policy of a school board in Ontario, Canada, provides an…

Winton, Sue

2013-01-01

169

Exploring the interplay of gender, discourse, and (im)politeness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon the method of discourse analysis, this article explores the complex relationship between gender, discourse, and (im)politeness. By examining an extended excerpt of interaction taken from the popular US reality TV show The Apprentice, I examine the role of gender stereotyping and gender assumptions in the assessment of (im)politeness by the discourse participants. Following Mills (2002), I shall argue

Chit Cheung Matthew Sung

2012-01-01

170

Making Gender Relevant: Conversation Analysis and Gender Categories in Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we critically evaluate a conversation analytic approach to the study of the links between gender and language from a feminist perspective. In so doing, we engage in the recent series of exchanges about conversation analysis (CA) and other strands of discourse analysis that have been published in Discourse & Society. We consider talk from two sets of

ELIZABETH H. STOKOE; JANET SMITHSON

2001-01-01

171

Reconstructing Eastern paradigms of discourse studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current scholarship on language and communication has largely been culturally monological rather than dialogical and diversified. In this paper, I respond to this sorry state by arguing for the reconstruction of Eastern paradigms in favour of multiculturalism in discourse research. To that end, I first critique the ethnocentrism of Discourse Analysis, then point to the cultural realities of the Eastern

2009-01-01

172

Particles as Fundaments of Discourse Structuring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A serious study of discourse particles (DIPs) must be founded on the analysis of orality in its two main dimensions: oral communication in its ordinary functioning (i.e., discourse, conversation, enunciation), but also in expression ritualized by the oral tradition of cultures that do not have a writing system. The association of the two…

Fernandez-Vest, M. M. Jocelyne

173

Corporate Discourse and the Academy: A Polemic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical analysis of vocabulary, imagery, and rhetoric in business texts shows that higher education is adopting a free-market discourse depicting the academy in terms of a knowledge industry or revenue generator in which intellectual resources are "leveraged" and knowledge is a "commodity." This discourse is characterized as management centered,…

Webster, Gary

2003-01-01

174

Race discourse and the US Confederate Flag  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research reveals that racial hierarchies and ‘color?blind’ racism is maintained through discourse. The current study utilizes exploratory data from focus groups in a predominantly white southern university in the United States to examine race talk, the Confederate Flag, and the construction of southern white identity. Drawing from critical discourse analysis, we answer the following questions: first, to what extent do

Lori Holyfield; Matthew Ryan Moltz; Mindy S. Bradley

2009-01-01

175

Discourse Patterns During Children's Collaborative Online Discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the discourse of 10 groups of children during text-based online discussions. Analysis of the discourse in the discussions showed that 8 different rhetorical moves, or argument stratagems, were used by most groups of children, whereas 3 other stratagems were used by 1 group. The use of argument stratagems snowballed; that is, once an argument stratagem emerged in

Il-Hee Kim; Richard C. Anderson; Kim Nguyen-Jahiel; Anthi Archodidou

2007-01-01

176

Teachers and public engagement: an argument for rethinking teacher professionalism to challenge deficit discourses in the public sphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of public debates on teacher quality, both media and education policy texts construct deficit discourses about teachers, discourses that work together to inform public, commonsense understandings of teacher quality. This paper explores the interrelationships between discourses on teachers constructed on television and in policies in the Australian policy context. Critical discourse analysis was employed to trace the

Sue Thomas

2011-01-01

177

Talk in Interaction in the Speech-Language Pathology Clinic: Bringing Theory to Practice through Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of learning about and applying clinical discourse analysis to enhance the talk in interaction in the speech-language pathology clinic is discussed. The benefits of analyzing clinical discourse to explicate therapy dynamics are described.

Leaby, Margaret M.; Walsh, Irene P.

2008-01-01

178

An emerging discourse: toward epistemic diversity in nursing.  

PubMed

Grounded in a postmodern feminist methodology, this article undertakes an initial analysis of a newly emerging discourse in contemporary nursing academia in the United States. Two currently prominent discourses in nursing, a dominant discourse informed by the processes and values of "science" in the Enlightenment sense and a concurrent marginalized discourse informed by postmodernism, are described as a context for the emerging discourse. A genealogy informed by the work of Foucault is presented as a basis for an analysis of the power effects resulting from the conflict between these 2 discourses. Finally, 3 recent texts in nursing are analyzed and common themes identified as indicative of a new intertextual discourse, termed "epistemic diversity," emerging from this discursive conflict. PMID:12611429

Georges, Jane M

2003-01-01

179

Running head: INTRODUCTION TO LATENT SEMANTIC ANALYSIS An Introduction to Latent Semantic Analysis  

E-print Network

1 Running head: INTRODUCTION TO LATENT SEMANTIC ANALYSIS An Introduction to Latent Semantic of Colorado at Boulder, Landauer, T. K., Foltz, P. W., & Laham, D. (1998). Introduction to Latent Semantic Analysis. Discourse Processes, 25, 259-284. #12;Introduction to Latent Semantic Analysis 2 Abstract Latent

Poesio, Massimo

180

Linking Discourse and Space: Towards a Cultural Sociology of Space in Analysing Spatial Policy Discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. The aim of this paper is to explore how spatialities are 'constructed' in spatial policy discourses and to explore how these construction processes might be conceptualised and analysed. To do this, we discuss a theoretical and analytical framework for the discourse analysis of socio-spatial relations. Our approach follows the path emerging within planning research focusing on the relations between

Tim Richardson; Ole B. Jensen

2003-01-01

181

Tensions between Discourses of Development, Religion, and Human Capital in Early Childhood Education Policy Texts: The Case of Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we consider how particular discourses have come to dominate early childhood education (ECE) policy in Indonesia. We briefly explain the governance of Indonesian ECE and then our approach to policy analysis using critical discourse analysis. Three prevalent discourses are identified and discussed: "developmentalism",…

Formen, Ali; Nuttall, Joce

2014-01-01

182

Governmentality as a Genealogical Toolbox in Historical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to show how governmentality may be used to analyze historical events and discourses, and how this historical analysis can be used as a perspective to problematize contemporary discourses. The example used in this article is from my research on life-extension handbooks published in Sweden 1700-1930, and by this I stress…

Andersson, Janicke

2014-01-01

183

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: Discourses of rights and empowerment vs discourses of control and exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS circulating in sub-Saharan Africa are identified. These are medical, medico-moral, developmental (distinguishing between 'women in development' and gender and development perspectives), legal, ethical, and the rights discourse of groups living with HIV\\/AIDS and of African pressure groups. The analytical framework is that of discourse analysis as exemplified by Michel Foucault. The medical and medico-moral are

Gill Seidel

1993-01-01

184

Predominant discourses in Swedish nursing.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to elucidate the predominant discourse in the field of Swedish nursing in 2000, 25 years after nursing was introduced as an academic discipline in Sweden. The method used was content analysis and deconstructive analysis of discourses. Laws, statutes, regulations, and examination requirements, including official reports, recruitment campaigns, and media coverage, were analyzed. The findings uncovered competing discourses striving to gain hegemony. In the public sector, official requirements competed against the media fixation on gender stereotypes and the realities of local recruitment campaigns. Media has a major role in disseminating prevailing conceptions and conventions pertaining to the nursing profession. As a result, decision makers, students, patients, and family members could get lower expectations of the professional competence of nursing practitioners than would otherwise have been the case in the absence of media exposure. PMID:19783537

Dahlborg-Lyckhage, Elisabeth; Pilhammar-Anderson, Ewa

2009-05-01

185

The Common Topoi of STEM Discourse: An Apologia and Methodological Proposal, with Pilot Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author proposes a methodology for the rhetorical analysis of scientific, technical, mathematical, and engineering (STEM) discourse based on the common topics (topoi) of this discourse. Beginning with work by Miller, Prelli, and other rhetoricians of STEM discourse--but factoring in related studies in cognitive linguistics--she…

Walsh, Lynda

2010-01-01

186

Generals, Colonels, and Captains: Discourses of Militarism, Education, and Learning in the Canadian University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a feminist discourse analysis that explores the ways in which discourses of learning interact with discourses of militarism at four Canadian civilian universities named for military leaders. I discuss how this particular research topic became apparent to me and explore the current national context where it can be argued that…

Taber, Nancy

2014-01-01

187

“Somethin' Tells Me It's All Happening at the Zoo”: Discourse, Power, and Conservationism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how certain Western institutional discourses reproduce particular human relationships with nature. The analysis focuses upon the institutional setting of the zoo, examining long-standing multi-voiced debates about zoos and exploring the contemporary zoo's conservation discourses and cultural, lexical, and spatial elements of gaze and power. The author contextualizes zoo discourses within Western ideological environmental dialectics, including those of

Tema Milstein

2009-01-01

188

Semen analysis  

MedlinePLUS

Semen analysis measures the amount and quality of a man's semen and sperm. Semen is the thick, white fluid ... Semen analysis is one of the first tests done to evaluate a man's fertility. It can help determine if ...

189

Contrastive Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrastive analysis is viewed as an interlinguistic, bidirectional phenomenon which is concerned with both the form and function of language. As such, contrastive analysis must view language psycholinguistically and sociolinguistically as a system to be both described and acquired. Due to the need for a psychological component in the analysis,…

James, Carl

190

Parallels in Academic and Nonacademic Discursive Styles: An Analysis of a Mexican Woman's Narrative Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a rhetorical analysis of a Mexican woman's oral narrative performance using a discourse studies and interactional sociolinguistics framework. The results of the analysis suggest that the discursive practice of the oral narrative and that of academic discourse share certain rhetorical features. These features are (a) the…

Barajas, E. Dominguez

2007-01-01

191

Analysis Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General Purpose Boundary Element Solution Technology (GPBEST) software employs the boundary element method of mechanical engineering analysis, as opposed to finite element. It is, according to one of its developers, 10 times faster in data preparation and more accurate than other methods. Its use results in less expensive products because the time between design and manufacturing is shortened. A commercial derivative of a NASA-developed computer code, it is marketed by Best Corporation to solve problems in stress analysis, heat transfer, fluid analysis and yielding and cracking of solids. Other applications include designing tractor and auto parts, household appliances and acoustic analysis.

1994-01-01

192

The Discourses of OERs: How "Flat" Is This World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 2000) as a tool for identifying the various discourses that can be found in the provision of open educational resources. The argument will be built upon the concept of a "flat world", a powerful metaphor used by Friedman in his famous book "The World is Flat" (2005). The discussion will…

dos Santos, Andreia Inamorato

2008-01-01

193

Clashes of Discourse: The Representations of Immigrants in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The text presents the analysis of representations of immigrants published in the period 1993–2003 in the largest dailies in Poland. The analysed material allows the identification of four main discourses, which can be described as separate and relatively coherent systems of statements on immigrants, characterized by their argumentation structure and rhetorical figures, recurrent images and topics. These discourses may be

Aleksandra Grzyma?a-Kaz?owska

2009-01-01

194

Discourses of Gender in the Contemporary British Army  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is about the discourses of gender which circulate within debates about the inclusion of women in the British Army. Drawing on material from elite policy debates within the British Ministry of Defence, Army, and Parliament, the article uses a methodology informed by theories of discourse analysis to examine how the figures of the male and female soldier are

Rachel Woodward; Patricia Winter

2004-01-01

195

'Use' discourses in system development: Can communication be improved?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to provide a basis for renewed talk about ‘use’ in computing. Four current ‘discourse arenas’ are described. Different intentions manifest in each arena are linked to failures in ‘translation’, different terminologies crossing disciplinary and national boundaries non-reflexively. Analysis of transnational use discourse dynamics shows much miscommunication. Conflicts like that between the ‘Scandinavian System Development School’ and the

Carl Martin Allwood; David Hakken

2001-01-01

196

Speaking of "Disorderly" Objects: A Poetics of Pedagogical Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To interrogate pedagogical discourses relating to child behaviour as "practices that systematically form the objects of which they speak" this paper features the analysis of three texts through the development and deployment of what might be called a poetics of pedagogical discourse. The principal text is a statement describing "problematic"…

Graham, Linda J.

2007-01-01

197

From Interaction to Intersubjectivity: Facilitating Online Group Discourse Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the online discourse that took place in representative threads from two classes, seeking to document indicators that students did or did not engage in co-construction of knowledge. Stahl's (2006) social theory of computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL) is used along with discourse analysis methods to examine these…

Dennen, Vanessa Paz; Wieland, Kristina

2007-01-01

198

A critical discourse perspective on managers' experiences of HRM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The discourse of human resource management (HRM) is increasingly dominated by a normative, consensus-oriented perspective on managing the employment relationship. This paper aims to explore the potential of critical discourse analysis (CDA) to provide new and different understandings of HRM and processes of organisational change, and which highlights the creative role of language in the shaping of organisation

Helen Francis

2006-01-01

199

Conflicting Discourses: Functional Linguistic and Discourse Analyses of Pocahontas Texts in Bilingual Third-Grade Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides micro analysis of one representative incident from a larger qualitative study to examine how third-grade bilingual students and their teacher negotiated academic disciplinary and popular culture discourses in a social studies unit on Jamestown and Pocahontas. Informed by discourse and linguistic analyses, this study explores…

Ciechanowski, Kathryn

2012-01-01

200

Approche du discours politique: "socialisme" et "socialiste" chez Jaures (An Approach to Political Discourse: "Socialism" and "Socialist" in Jaures' Discourse).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a linguistic and sociolinguistic analysis of the use of the words "socialism" and "socialist" in Jean Jaures' discourse, with a view to answering the following questions: (1) what is the process of semantic change, from a philosophical term to a political one; and (2) what is the nature of "political discourse?" (AM)

Chauveau, Genevieve

1978-01-01

201

Semiotic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Semiotic analysis is a method of analyzing signs (e.g., words) to reduce non-numeric data to their component parts without losing essential meanings. Semiotics dates back to Aristotle's analysis of language; it was much advanced by nineteenth-century analyses of style and logic and by Whitehead and Russell's description in this century of the role…

Thiemann, Francis C.

202

Strain Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Structural geology laboratory on strain analysis. Emphasizes basic methods for determining strain from points, lines, ellipses, and polygons. Introduces two-dimensional strain using hyperboloidal geometry and projections. Students use the computer program EllipseFit to digitize and analyze images. Higher level material on hyperboloidal contouring, pre-strain fabrics, and three-dimensional analysis may be included.

Vollmer, Frederick

203

Factor Analysis via Components Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the factor analysis model holds, component loadings are linear combinations of factor loadings, and vice versa. This interrelation permits us to define new optimization criteria and estimation methods for exploratory factor analysis. Although this article is primarily conceptual in nature, an illustrative example and a small simulation show…

Bentler, Peter M.; de Leeuw, Jan

2011-01-01

204

Watershed Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students conduct a regional watershed analysis of an area of their choosing. Using on-line data and their personal knowledge of the area, they determine the annual hydrologic budget and teach the class about "their" watershed.

Reinen, Linda

205

WATER ANALYSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

This review covers developments in water analysis from November 1996 to the end of October 1998, as found in the Chemical Abstracts Service CA Selects for gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, inorganic analytical chemistry, and pollution monitoring. In addition, because develop...

206

Semen Analysis  

MedlinePLUS

... Bookmark this Page Email this Page Home › Semen analysis is a test on the fluid that is released when a man has an ... | SART Web Site Terms & Conditions of Use | Web Design and Development by The Berndt Group

207

Analysis Software.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

General Purpose Boundary Element Solution Technology (GPBEST) software employs the boundary element method of mechanical engineering analysis, as opposed to finite element. It is, according to one of its developers, 10 times faster in data preparation and...

1994-01-01

208

Contour Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the University of Wisconsin-Madison features a series of interactive web exercises which enable students to practice contouring. Background information about contour analysis and its use in meteorology and oceanography are also included.

Center, Space S.; Wisconsin-Madison, University O.

209

Activation analysis  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains 16 chapters on the application of activation analysis in the fields of life sciences, biological materials, coal and its effluents, environmental samples, archaeology, material science, and forensics. Each chapter is processed separately for the data base.

Alfassi, Z.B. (ed.) (Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beersheba (Israel). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering)

1990-01-01

210

Data Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The applet, created by Virginia Tech's Department of Statistics, allows for simple data analysis of univariate data. Users can either generate normal or uniform data for k samples or copy and paste data from another source to a text box. A univariate analysis is performed for all k samples. A two-sample t-test (Pooled and Satterthwaite) is performed for k = 2. An ANOVA test is performed for k > 2.

Anderson-Cook, C.; Dorai-Raj, S.; Robinson, T.

2009-01-21

211

Thermal Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The University of Georgia used NASTRAN, a COSMIC program that predicts how a design will stand up under stress, to develop a model for monitoring the transient cooling of vegetables. The winter use of passive solar heating for poultry houses is also under investigation by the Agricultural Engineering Dept. Another study involved thermal analysis of black and green nursery containers. The use of NASTRAN has encouraged student appreciation of sophisticated computer analysis.

1986-01-01

212

Qualitative data analysis: conceptual and practical considerations.  

PubMed

Qualitative inquiry requires that collected data is organised in a meaningful way, and this is referred to as data analysis. Through analytic processes, researchers turn what can be voluminous data into understandable and insightful analysis. This paper sets out the different approaches that qualitative researchers can use to make sense of their data including thematic analysis, narrative analysis, discourse analysis and semiotic analysis and discusses the ways that qualitative researchers can analyse their data. I first discuss salient issues in performing qualitative data analysis, and then proceed to provide some suggestions on different methods of data analysis in qualitative research. Finally, I provide some discussion on the use of computer-assisted data analysis. PMID:19642962

Liamputtong, Pranee

2009-08-01

213

Critical language and discourse study: their transformative relevance for critical nursing inquiry.  

PubMed

A pragmatic view of language and a critical study of discourse can advance nursing inquiry toward the study of racism, heterosexism, classism, and health. In critical language inquiry notions about humans, health and illness are seen as constructed in societal discourses. Critical language inquiry challenges nurse researchers to theorize not which research questions to ask, but how to ask research questions that broaden knowledge about the interconnections among language, discourse, health, and society. Critical discourse analysis, as a methodology, can be of significant utility in exploring the relationships among health, discourse, power, and society. PMID:10416853

Boutain, D M

1999-03-01

214

Electroal Rhetoric in Israel--The Televised Debates. A Study in Political Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the communicative setting of televised electoral debates in Israel focused on the stylistic features of the political candidates' discourse. The analysis identified and described such rhetorical strategies as figurative expressions and intensifiers, irony and rhetorical questions, repetition and parallelism, and meta-discoursive

Nir, Raphael

1988-01-01

215

The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…

Yamagami, Mai

2012-01-01

216

Expanding Discourse Options through Computer-Mediated Communication: Guiding Learners toward Autonomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes a multiliteracies-based pedagogical framework for the analysis of computer-mediated discourse (CMD) in order to give students increased access to expanded discourse options that are available in online communication environments and communities (i.e., beyond the classroom). Through the analysis of excerpts and a corpus of…

Abraham, Lee B.; Williams, Lawrence

2011-01-01

217

Global Warming Wars: Rhetorical and Discourse Analytic Approaches to ExxonMobil's Corporate Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes texts published by ExxonMobil on the issue of climate change, employing both rhetorical analysis and discourse analysis to show their uses and potential value in business communication research. Shows how both reveal the socially constructed nature "reality" and the social effects of language, but are never the less distinct in their…

Livesey, Sharon M.

2002-01-01

218

Reentry analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the criteria, previous nuclear experience in space, analysis techniques, and possible breakup enhancement devices applicable to an acceptable SP-100 reentry from space. Reactor operation in nuclear-safe orbit will minimize the radiological risk; the remaining safeguards criteria need to be defined. A simple analytical point mass reentry technique and a more comprehensive analysis method that considers vehicle dynamics and orbit insertion malfunctions are presented. Vehicle trajectory, attitude, and possible breakup enhancement devices will be integrated in the simulation as required to ensure an adequate representation of the reentry process.

Biehl, F.A.

1984-05-01

219

Dimensional Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For many chemistry and physics students, some of the most frustrating problems involve dimensional analysis. This is a very important concept that is more related to mathematics and equation consistency than the sciences. A dimensional analysis tutorial is offered at the physics department's Web site of the University of Guelph. It is an excellent guide that helps students understand the five dimensions of physical quantities and how to work with units to achieve correct results. There are seven quizzes and a final post-test that assess the student's grasp of the topic, with answers given after each exercise for comparison.

220

Bayesian Analysis  

E-print Network

After making some general remarks, I consider two examples that illustrate the use of Bayesian Probability Theory. The first is a simple one, the physicist's favorite "toy," that provides a forum for a discussion of the key conceptual issue of Bayesian analysis: the assignment of prior probabilities. The other example illustrates the use of Bayesian ideas in the real world of experimental physics.

Harrison B. Prosper

2000-06-30

221

Mediation Analysis  

PubMed Central

Mediating variables are prominent in psychological theory and research. A mediating variable transmits the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable. Differences between mediating variables and confounders, moderators, and covariates are outlined. Statistical methods to assess mediation and modern comprehensive approaches are described. Future directions for mediation analysis are discussed. PMID:16968208

MacKinnon, David P.; Fairchild, Amanda J.; Fritz, Matthew S.

2010-01-01

222

Glycoprotein Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter provides an overview of practical methods for glycosylation analysis of glycoprotein therapeutics . The topics include glycoprofiling methods for glycoforms, monosaccharides (neutral and N-acetylated species as well as sialic acids), oligosaccharides (chemical and enzymatic methods for glycan release, post-release purification, labeling and derivatization, different types of glycan HPLC and MS), and glycosylation site profiling.

Fernandes, Daryl; Spencer, Daniel

223

PEST Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

PEST is an acronym for four sources of change: political, economic, social and technological. PEST analysis is a powerful and widely used tool for understanding strategic risk. It identifies the changes and the effects of the external macro environment on a firm's competitive position. Strategists seek to understand external factors and evaluate how business models will have to evolve, in

T. Sammut-Bonnici; D. Galea

2014-01-01

224

Numerical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. General Introduction. Numerical analysis is the area of mathematics and computer science that creates, analyzes, and implements algorithms for solving nu- merically the problems of continuous mathematics. Such problems originate generally from real-world applications of algebra, geometry and calculus, and they involve vari- ables which vary continuously; these problems occur throughout the natural sciences, social sciences, engineering, medicine, and

Kendall E. Atkinson

2007-01-01

225

A Habermasian Analysis of Local Renewable Energy Deliberations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study pursues a Habermasian analysis of citizen discussions and of the local public sphere to shed light on renewable energy futures in rural east-central Canada. Using data from group discussions, it pursues an investigation of utterances, validity claims and of discourses. The analysis is supplemented by participant observation of publicly…

Fast, Stewart

2013-01-01

226

RHETORICAL ANALYSIS OF INTRODUCTIONS IN AN UNDERGRADUATE ENGLISH STUDIES COURSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent discourse analytical studies have highlighted the importance of rhetorical moves in student writing. In this paper, I explore the rhetoric of introductions of examination essays written by second-year English students in a Ghanaian university. Drawing on a modified version of Swales' move analysis, I consider the generic structure and linguistic features of introductions. Analysis of the textual data pointed

Joseph Benjamin; Archibald Afful

227

Stratification of Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development in Australia: An Analysis of Positions Vacant Advertisements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positions vacant advertisements discursively construct employment sectors, employers and employees. This paper uses content analysis, systemic functional linguistics and critical discourse analysis to investigate the discursive construction of environmental education and education for sustainable development through positions vacant advertisements…

Hardy, Joy

2008-01-01

228

Reconstruals of the Past: Settlement or Invasion? The Role of JUDGEMENT Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While little attention has been given in historiography to the language of historical narrative, and the role language plays in portraying history, the discipline of linguistics, and particularly the subdisciplines of discourse analysis and functional linguistics, have given increasing attention to the discourse of history. Recently, a group of…

Coffin, Caroline

229

Genre Analysis of Tax Computation Letters: How and Why Tax Accountants Write the Way They Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a genre analysis which explores the specific discourse community of tax accountants. Tax computation letters from one international accounting firm in Hong Kong were analyzed and compared. To probe deeper into the tax accounting discourse community, a group of tax accountants from the same firm was observed and questioned. The texts…

Flowerdew, John; Wan, Alina

2006-01-01

230

Science learning in the context of discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original article by Kamberelis and Wehunt (2012) discusses an interesting and important research subject in science education as it focus on classroom interactions and the characteristics of the discourse production of interlocutors. The authors start from the premise that discourse heterogeneity is constitutive of social activities, which is supported by others like Mikhail Bakhtin (Speech genres and other late essays. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1981) and Erving Goffman (Frame analysis: an essay on the organization of experience. Harper and Row, London, 1974). They also present the definitions of three key elements that organize hybrid discourse: (a) lamination of multiple cultural frames, (b) shifting relations between people and their discourse, and (c) shifting power relations between people. Finally, the authors analyze how these three elements organize students' science discourse in the classroom and how it contributes to the creation of a micro-community of practice capable of helping the emergence of a disciplinary knowledge that is legitimized by and strengthens the identity of the group. In the present commentary, I discuss how Michael Foucault's (1970) concept of discursive procedure may help us to analyze the (often neglected) teacher's role in the development of hybrid discourse practices.

do Nascimento, Silvania Sousa

2013-06-01

231

Mission analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mission analysis, which relates both orbit and attitude to the ground, the sun, etc., is discussed, with emphasis on GEO and LEO. A key aspect of mission analysis is to identify critical features of the mission which have an impact upon system and subsystem design. Any space vehicle is required to meet specific mission objectives and these thus provide design requirements. These requirements lead to design drivers which influence the whole nature of the vehicle. This is illustrated by considering the overall nature of four types of orbits, namely, the launch phase, orbit transfer, on-station operations, and decommissioning. At low altitudes, polar orbits were found to offer considerable advantages over equatorial ones for links between centers at similar, through modest, latitudes, as illustrated by centers at approximately 40 deg N. GEO was found to be most desirable from the standpoint of coverage.

Stark, John P. W.

232

Chromosome Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Perceptive Scientific Instruments, Inc., provides the foundation for the Powergene line of chromosome analysis and molecular genetic instrumentation. This product employs image processing technology from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and image enhancement techniques from Johnson Space Center. Originally developed to send pictures back to earth from space probes, digital imaging techniques have been developed and refined for use in a variety of medical applications, including diagnosis of disease.

1998-01-01

233

Economic analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

None

1980-06-01

234

Power discourses of fish death: case of linnunsuo peat production.  

PubMed

This article explores the peat production impacts on Jukajoki river in Finland by implementing discourse analysis. Four discourses are explored: state truth statements; company statements that are in close proximity of state power; discourses provided by the local community Selkie, who provided counter-narratives to the official views; and finally media and related discourses. In conclusion, the discourses by the state and closely related actors (A-B) comprised implementation of their power and justifying it at the expense of those who are excluded from such power, in this case the village. The village narrative (C) contains elements that strongly contradict the statements provided by those with power. The results indicate local communities should be taken more seriously. The systematic denial of local peoples' rights should be reviewed, and local participation in environmental permit assessments implemented. PMID:23852881

Mustonen, Tero

2014-03-01

235

Typological and Topological Meaning in Diagnostic Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the discourse of a problem-based learning group in medicine. Uses a conceptual distinction between linguistic (and other semiotic) resources for making typological (or categorical) versus topological (or continuous variation) meanings as part of a multimedia semiotic analysis of the data episode. (SR)

Lemke, J. L.

1999-01-01

236

Approaches to Gender and Spoken Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender is a hotly debated topic in the field of education. The role that language plays in educational contexts especially in the classroom has long been acknowledged. Innovatively combining approaches in the analysis of classroom discourse, this book offers rich empirical findings as well as being theoretically interesting and valuable. (Contains…

Sauntson, Helen

2012-01-01

237

A Comparison of "Popular Music Pedagogy" Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to interrogate discourses of "popular music pedagogy" in order to better understand music education practices generally and specifically those in the United States. Employing a conceptual framework based on the work of Jan Blommaert (2005), a content analysis was conducted on a sample of 81 articles related…

Mantie, Roger

2013-01-01

238

Divergent Discourses, Children and Forced Migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiences of refugee, internally displaced and migrant children in different contexts (such as post-conflict and resettlement) are often considered separately, yet closer analysis points to the existence of commonalities across transnational locations and a need to articulate the ways in which global systems, state policies and migration processes impact on the lives of these children. Current discourses, policies and practices

Giorgia Doná; Angela Veale

2011-01-01

239

Discourse and the Denial of Racism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the broader framework of a research programme on the reproduction of racism in discourse and communication, the present article examines the prominent role of the denial of racism, especially among the elites, in much contemporary text and talk about ethnic relations. After a conceptual analysis of denial strategies in interpersonal impression formation on the one hand, and within the

Teun A. van Dijk

1992-01-01

240

Thermal Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal analysis is a term used to describe a broad range of analytical techniques that measure physical and chemical properties as a function of temperature, time, and atmosphere (inert or oxidizing gas, pressure, and relative humidity). Depending on the technique, test temperatures can range from - 180 to 1000? C or more, allowing investigation into a range of applications, including low temperature stability and processing (e.g., freezing and freeze-drying) to high temperature processing and cooking (e.g., extrusion, spray drying, and frying).

Thomas, Leonard C.; Schmidt, Shelly J.

241

Longitudinal changes in discourse production in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  

PubMed

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a multisystem disease that significantly impacts communication as a function of changes in motor speech, cognition, and language skills. Although discourse tasks have been used to assess language in a variety of acquired disorders, little work to date has been published on changes in discourse in ALS and even less work has evaluated these changes with disease progression. In the present study, discourse samples (gained from a picture description task) as well as standardized language test measures obtained from 16 individuals with ALS without dementia and 12 healthy controls (collected over a duration of 24 months). Discourse samples were analyzed for both productivity and content. Results indicate that there were no differences for ALS versus controls for any of the standardized language tests. However, findings suggest that discourse analysis methods may be more sensitive for identifying subtle language deficits in ALS. Overall, discourse productivity appears less impaired than discourse content for individuals with ALS. Although there was a general trend for decline in language performance over the study duration, there was the suggestion of subgroups of language performance among ALS participants. The results suggest that subtle cognitive language deficits that affect discourse emerge early in ALS and progress with disease progression. PMID:22362326

Roberts-South, Angela; Findlater, Kate; Strong, Michael J; Orange, J B

2012-02-01

242

Talk as a tool for thinking: Using professional discourse practices to frame children's design-technology talk  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research project involved viewing elementary children's (ages 11–13) design?technology talk through the theoretical perspective of Bucciarelli's (1988) description of professional discourse practices. Analysis centred on two structured lessons, in which four children (two male; two female) constructed, modified, and tested model parachutes. Analysis of audiotaped transcripts of children's talk showed that Bucciarelli's framework of constraining, naming, and decision discourse

Brenda J. Gustafson; Dougal MacDonald

2004-01-01

243

Power in Clinical Teachers' Discourses of a Curriculum-in-Action. Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Curricula-in-action" generally differ from "official" curricula. That is particularly true of clerkship curricula because the practising doctors who supervise medical students' clinical activities are only secondarily educators. Clerkship education is evaluated, however, according to benchmarks set by official curricula.…

Graham, Jennifer; Dornan, Tim

2013-01-01

244

Discourse Structure  

E-print Network

An essential step in understanding connected discourse is the ability to link the meanings of successive sentences together. Given a growing database to which new sentence meanings must be linked, which out of many possible ...

Rosenberg, Steven T.

1976-08-17

245

"Implicit action": Understanding discourse management in modeling instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We present "Implicit Action", a discourse management tool, through a qualitative video analysis of a Florida International University Modeling Instruction Introductory Physics I class. Implicit Action in Modeling Instruction is where instructors deliberately create intellectual space in which students ideally see value and need for the construction of new classroom norms and tools that are productive in developing a learning community. This space is created by the implications expressed through the instructors' deliberate actions. Discourse Management is a technique to moderate student discourse in Modeling Instruction classes at the university level that was initially described by Desbien. Implicit Action is one of 9 Modeling Discourse Management tools that we have identified. By means of qualitative analysis we illustrate the effectiveness of Implicit Action in implementing the Modeling Theory of Instruction.

Durden, Jared; Brewe, Eric; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-05-15

246

"Implicit action": Understanding discourse management in modeling instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present "Implicit Action", a discourse management tool, through a qualitative video analysis of a Florida International University Modeling Instruction Introductory Physics I class. Implicit Action in Modeling Instruction is where instructors deliberately create intellectual space in which students ideally see value and need for the construction of new classroom norms and tools that are productive in developing a learning community. This space is created by the implications expressed through the instructors' deliberate actions. Discourse Management is a technique to moderate student discourse in Modeling Instruction classes at the university level that was initially described by Desbien [1]. Implicit Action is one of 9 Modeling Discourse Management tools that we have identified. By means of qualitative analysis we illustrate the effectiveness of Implicit Action in implementing the Modeling Theory of Instruction.

Durden, Jared; Brewe, Eric; Kramer, Laird

2012-02-01

247

Comparing public discourses in stem cell policy debates.  

PubMed

Public policy debates surrounding stem cell research are becoming increasingly more complex as governance considerations move beyond the moral status of human embryos. This complexity is evident in the public discourses surrounding these debates globally. This article draws on the results of an analysis conducted on the media coverage of a recent stem cell policy episode in the United States to demonstrate the complexity of public discourses surrounding stem cell research and to reflect upon similar debates in Australia. Observations made from the public discourses in California are reframed within the Australian context to discuss ways in which future public policy debates surrounding stem cell research may be enriched. PMID:17571787

Lysaght, Tamra

2007-05-01

248

Tropes of the crusades in Indonesian Muslim discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the ways in which tropes of the Crusades are used in contemporary Indonesian Islamic discourse. It is\\u000a based on the analysis of contemporary textual materials and on ethnographic research conducted between 1978 and 2009. It is\\u000a argued that tropes of the Crusades and now linked to an Islamist discourse that is Anti-Western and Anti-Semitic and that\\u000a they

Mark Woodward

2010-01-01

249

A critical discourse analysis of teachers’ views on LGBT literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a thread of discussion posted to a web-based forum in the context of a children's literature course in one teacher education program in the USA. Participants in the virtual discussion include three preservice elementary teachers and the course instructor (author) on the subject of bringing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) literature into the elementary classroom. Classroom

Melissa Schieble

2012-01-01

250

Critical Discourse Analysis of Collaborative Engagement in "Facebook" Postings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While research literature affirms the potential for social networking sites (SNSs) to democratise communication, their impact on micro-level, academic relations at university level has not been explored sufficiently in developing countries. The literature on SNSs (especially "Facebook") has emphasised its appropriation for the marketing of…

Rambe, Patient

2012-01-01

251

A New Relationship: Intercultural Communication and Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current style-specific theories of human communication include the public speaking style, the relationship style, and the message communication style. It now appears that intercultural communication may emerge as the fourth style-specific theory as a result of scholars' concern over the ethnocentric bias found in the study of communication.…

Baker, Deborah C.

252

Analyse de discours a entree lexicale (Lexical Discourse Analysis)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the resolutions of the Socialist and Communist parties in France in 1924 and 1925, and affirms the notion of a counter-grammar and counter-transformations. Also analyzes the linguistic environment of the most frequently used words. (Text is in French.) (AM)

Marcellesi, J.-B.

1976-01-01

253

PROCEEDINGS, CI 2012 A COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF COLLECTIVE DISCOURSE  

E-print Network

of chemical scent) depending only on their local environment. In the absence of a centralized de- cision maker-organization that leads to forming lanes along which walkers move in the same di- rections (Boccara 2010). It is argued

Radev, Dragomir R.

254

Body politics : a Foucauldian discourse analysis of physiotherapy practice.  

E-print Network

??This thesis offers new insights into physiotherapy practice by asking 'how is physiotherapy discursively constructed?' Physiotherapy is a large, well-established, orthodox health profession. Recent changes… (more)

Nicholls, David A

2008-01-01

255

Discourse Analysis as Potential for Re-Visioning Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins with a premise that each person's musical education is made of multiple and diverse experiences that occur in settings both in and out of school (Campbell 2002, 2003, 2008; Green 2002, 2005; Jaffurs 2004, 2006). Nevertheless, when speaking and writing about music education, one often restricts the kinds of music, ways of…

Talbot, Brent C.

2013-01-01

256

A Critical Analysis of USAir's Image Repair Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies the theory of image restoration to a case study of USAir's response to media coverage of a 1994 crash. Argues that introducing such case studies in the classroom helps students to understand the basic tenets of persuasion in the highly charged context of repairing a corporate reputation after an attack. (SR)

Benoit, William L.; Czerwinski, Anne

1997-01-01

257

Cinematic "Pigness": A Discourse Analysis of Pigs in Motion Pictures  

E-print Network

The representations of "others" in film have been contentious since filmmaking began. Fraught with misrepresentations, cinema has been held responsible, and occasionally credited, for influencing cultural practices and ...

von Schlemmer, Mark

2010-07-30

258

Enter the working forest: Discourse analysis in the Northern Forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1988, four states in the northeastern USA commissioned a study to address land use changes in the Northern Forest, 26 million acres of temperate and boreal forest extending from Maine to eastern New York State. Against a backdrop of economic destabilization and concerns regarding social and ecological implications of a real estate boom, the sustained deliberative dialogue catalyzed by

Steven A. Wolf; Jeffrey A. Klein

2007-01-01

259

Discourse analysis evaluation method for expressive musical interfaces  

E-print Network

Wanderley and Orio's framework [9, 10]. Precision is important for accurate reproduction. But for composers, sound designers, and performers of expressive or improvised music, it is not enough: interfaces should]. Using precision-of-reproduction as a basis for evaluation also becomes problematic for musical systems

Bryan-Kinns, Nick

260

Visualization in Natural Language: Four Case Studies in Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the idea that linguistic competence and linguistic performance may be initially dependent on a substrate of imagery. The study explored the ways in which four student interviewees' talk indicated the visual processes of thinking. The prompt used was: describe some aspect of daily life at the age of 9 or 10. The study reviewed…

Lewandowski, Rosemarie

261

A Critical Discourse Analysis of Teachers' Views on LGBT Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a thread of discussion posted to a web-based forum in the context of a children's literature course in one teacher education program in the USA. Participants in the virtual discussion include three preservice elementary teachers and the course instructor (author) on the subject of bringing lesbian, gay, bisexual and…

Schieble, Melissa

2012-01-01

262

Representing Audiences in Writing Center Consultation: A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the virtues of writing centers is that they compensate for the alienation of writing. If the canonical literate encounter is one where writer and reader meet only through the medium of the text, then the writing center consultation restores immediacy to written communication. Like an author-attended rehearsal, writing center consultation…

Brown, Robert

2010-01-01

263

Toys as discourse: children's war toys and the war on terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

War toys of different eras realize the dominant discourses of war of the time, and they do so in a way which allows children to enact these discourses and values in play. This paper examines war toys over the past 100 years before providing a detailed multimodal analysis of contemporary war toys distributed around the planet, mainly by global American

David Machin; Theo Van Leeuwen

2009-01-01

264

Classroom Discourse and Teacher Talk Influences on English Language Learner Students' Mathematics Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the features of the classroom discourse in eight Algebra I classes from two urban high schools with diverse student populations. In particular, by using the discursive analysis perspective, the type of communication between teachers and students was examined. The study investigated to what extent teachers' patterns of discourse

Petkova, Mariana M.

2009-01-01

265

The design of a theoretical, methodological, analytical framework to analyse hegemony in discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper includes a detailed discursive analysis of the discourse of the former President Salinas de Gortari (Mexico, 1988–1994) and that of the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN). This study contextualises the EZLN struggle as a local response to the global policy shift of the Mexican government. It considered the discourses of both parties as narratives which played a

Nicolina Montesano Montessori

2011-01-01

266

Exercices de grammaire et discours rapporte (Grammar Exercises and Reported Discourse)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of exercises concerning indirect, direct and free discourse appearing in tests of the "premier cycle," from both pedagogical and linguistic points of view. The thesis is that a method giving primacy to manipulative exercises based on prefabricated sentences militates against discourse and communication. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Authier, Jacqueline; Meunier, Andre

1977-01-01

267

Impersonal, General, and Social: The Use of Metonymy versus Passive Voice in Medical Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impersonalizing role passive voice plays in scientific discourse is well known. Analysis of the Methods sections of nine medical research articles shows that metonymy is another frequent strategy used to create anonymous authors/agents. Discourse agents were categorized into four semantic domains: familial lay, nonfamilial lay, authorial…

Rundblad, Gabriella

2007-01-01

268

Epidemiology as discourse: the politics of development institutions in the Epidemiological Profile of El Salvador  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVETo determine the ways in which institutions devoted to international development influence epidemiological studies.DESIGNThis article takes a descriptive epidemiological study of El Salvador,Epidemiological Profile, conducted in 1994 by the US Agency for International Development, as a case study. The methods include discourse analysis in order to uncover the ideological basis of the report and its characteristics as a discourse

L A Avilés

2001-01-01

269

Turkish Language Teachers' Stance Taking Movements in the Discourse on Globalization and Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how Turkish teachers take and give stances in the discourse on globalization and language by using linguistic resources. According to the findings obtained through the discourse analysis of the corpus that consisted of 36 h of recording of the discussion among 4 teachers with 5 to 10 years of teaching experience, the…

Coskun, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

270

"Are They Just Checking Our Obesity or What?" The Healthism Discourse and Rural Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper makes use of critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu's theoretical framework to explore rural young women's meanings of health and fitness and how the healthism discourse is perpetuated through their experiences in school physical education (PE). The young women's own meanings are explored alongside interview data from their school PE…

Lee, Jessica; Macdonald, Doune

2010-01-01

271

A Study of Online Discourse at "The Chronicle of Higher Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the explosive growth of online communications, new forms of discourse are an intriguing topic of study. This research focused on ten online discussions hosted by "The Chronicle of Higher Education," using content and discourse analysis of the postings to answer several questions. What is the "conversational scaffolding" used by posters in…

Meyer, Katrina A.

2010-01-01

272

`Like an Animal I was Treated': Anti-Immigrant Metaphor in US Public Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contemporary framing in American public discourse on immigrants is examined through a data-driven metaphor analysis. The print media texts of the 1994 political debate and campaign in California over an anti-immigrant referendum, Proposition 187, is analyzed. An ongoing cataloguing of metaphors from hundreds of Los Angeles Times articles displays the discourse that reflects and informs California public opinion. The

OTTO SANTA ANA

1999-01-01

273

Disciplinary Discourses: Rates of Cesarean Section Explained by Medicine, Midwifery, and Feminism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of international concern about increasing rates of cesarean sections, we used discourse analysis to examine explanations arising from feminism and the disciplines of medicine and midwifery, and found that each was positioned differently in relation to the rising rates. Medical discourses asserted that doctors are authorities on birth and that, although cesareans are sometimes medically necessary, women

Amy Su May Lee; Maggie Kirkman

2008-01-01

274

Ash Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ash refers to the inorganic residue remaining after either ignition or complete oxidation of organic matter in a foodstuff. A basic knowledge of the characteristics of various ashing procedures and types of equipment is essential to ensure reliable results. Two major types of ashing are used: dry ashing, primarily for proximate composition and for some types of specific mineral analyses; wet ashing (oxidation), as a preparation for the analysis of certain minerals. Microwave systems now are available for both dry and wet ashing, to speed the processes. Most dry samples (i.e., whole grain, cereals, dried vegetables) need no preparation, while fresh vegetables need to be dried prior to ashing. High-fat products such as meats may need to be dried and fat extracted before ashing. The ash content of foods can be expressed on either a wet weight (as is) or on a dry weight basis. For general and food-specific information on measuring ash content, see references (1-11).

Marshall, Maurice R.

275

Uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation is made of the suitability of analytical and statistical sampling methods for making uncertainty analyses. The adjoint method is found to be well-suited for obtaining sensitivity coefficients for computer programs involving large numbers of equations and input parameters. For this purpose the Latin Hypercube Sampling method is found to be inferior to conventional experimental designs. The Latin hypercube method can be used to estimate output probability density functions, but requires supplementary rank transformations followed by stepwise regression to obtain uncertainty information on individual input parameters. A simple Cork and Bottle problem is used to illustrate the efficiency of the adjoint method relative to certain statistical sampling methods. For linear models of the form Ax=b it is shown that a complete adjoint sensitivity analysis can be made without formulating and solving the adjoint problem. This can be done either by using a special type of statistical sampling or by reformulating the primal problem and using suitable linear programming software.

Thomas, R.E.

1982-03-01

276

Web Content Analysis: Expanding the Paradigm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Are established methods of content analysis (CA) adequate to analyze web content, or should new methods be devised to address new technological developments? This article addresses this question by contrasting narrow and broad interpretations of the concept of web content analysis. The utility of a broad interpretation that subsumes the narrow one is then illustrated with reference to research on weblogs (blogs), a popular web format in which features of HTML documents and interactive computer-mediated communication converge. The article concludes by proposing an expanded Web Content Analysis (WebCA) paradigm in which insights from paradigms such as discourse analysis and social network analysis are operationalized and implemented within a general content analytic framework.

Herring, Susan C.

277

Practicing oncology in provincial Mexico: A narrative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the discourse of oncologists treating cancer in a provincial capital of southern Mexico. Based on an analysis of both formal interviews and observations of everyday clinical practice, it examines a set of narrative themes they used to maintain a sense of professionalism and possibility as they endeavored to apply a highly technologically dependent biomedical model in a

Linda M. Hunt

1994-01-01

278

Action, Content and Identity in Applied Genre Analysis for ESP  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genres are staged, structured, communicative events, motivated by various communicative purposes, and performed by members of specific discourse communities (Swales 1990; Bhatia 1993, 2004; Berkenkotter & Huckin 1995). Since its inception, with the two seminal works on the topic by Swales (1990) and Bhatia (1993), genre analysis has taken pride of…

Flowerdew, John

2011-01-01

279

Pena in the Ecuadorian Sierra: A psychoanthropological analysis of sadness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In highland Ecuador, pena refers to a state of mind characterized by a mixture of sadness and anxiety as well as to an illness state resembling depression. This paper attempts to illustrate, through an analysis of the discourse on pena, how the ideology in which it is embedded serves to interpret a bodily problem at the same time as it

Michel Tousignant; To Transito Chela

1984-01-01

280

A Contrastive Analysis of the American and Persian Newspaper Editorials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the principles of critical discourse analysis this contrastive study sought to investigate the effect of culture on the journalistic style and the strategies used to report news in the American and Persian newspaper editorials. To this end, articles were selected from the New York Times, the Washington Post, Kayhan and Ettelaat,…

Homayounzadeh, Maryam; Mehrpour, Saeed

2013-01-01

281

Cognitive and Emotive Empathy in Discourse: Towards an Integrated Theory of Mind.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents an empirical qualitative analysis of eliciting, giving and receiving empathy in discourse. The study identifies discursive and linguistic features, which realize cognitive, emotive, parallel and reactive empathy and suggests that imita...

B. Martinovsky

2006-01-01

282

Understanding change in global health policy: ideas, discourse and networks.  

PubMed

How is radical change in global health policy possible? Material factors such as economics or human resources are important, but ideational factors such as ideas and discourse play an important role as well. In this paper, I apply a theoretical framework to show how discourse made it possible for public and private actors to fundamentally change their way of working together--to shift from international public and private interactions to global health partnerships (GHPs)--and in the process create a new institutional mechanism for governing global health. Drawing on insights from constructivist analysis, I demonstrate how discourse justified, legitimised, communicated and coordinated ideas about the practice of GHPs through a concentrated network of partnership pioneers. As attention from health policy analysts turns increasingly to ideational explanations for answers to global health problems, this paper contributes to the debate by showing how, precisely, discourse makes change possible. PMID:20924870

Harmer, Andrew

2011-01-01

283

Surface Analysis Center XPS Analysis Request Form  

E-print Network

Surface Analysis Center XPS Analysis Request Form Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry University location: Total No. of hours Charged: Total Cost: Note: XPS is a surface sensitive technique, please do

Thirumalai, Devarajan

284

Simulation Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis  

E-print Network

Simulation Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, TN 37932 experience in simulation modeling for logistics, transportation, security and supply chain management. ORNL, throughput, resource use, and cost for operations. Visualization of the simulation for quality control

285

Supply Chain Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis  

E-print Network

Supply Chain Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, TN Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency experience in supply chain analysis and automated support for supply chain systems. ORNL's Capabilities

286

Methods of Spectral Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

CONTENTS (Translations of Chapters 20 and 21 of 'Analysis of Luminescence', Section 5, Moscow Univ. Pub. House, 1962). Chapter 20, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF LUMINESCENCE: Excitation and recording of radiance during the qualitative and quantitative analysis of ...

V. L. Levshin

1966-01-01

287

Sit Down! You're Rocking the Boat!: Asian Americans, Racial Manipulation, and the Discourse of the Denial of Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation seeks to rearticulate racial formations in the United States and expand the discourse on race in higher education by placing Asian Americans at the center of the discussion. Through the use of genealogy and discourse analysis, this research presents a broader description of the Asian American racial experience in higher education…

Gonzalez, Anna K.

2011-01-01

288

"This Is Our Freedom Bus Going Home Right Now": Producing and Hybridizing Space-Time Contexts in Pedagogical Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advances an approach to analysis of discursive intercontextuality through theories of space-time production. Argues management of multiple contexts within school-related discourse is an important means of discursively producing identity, agency, and power relations. Draws data from an ethnographic and discourse-based study of an extended school…

Leander, Kevin M.

2001-01-01

289

Professional development, practice, and teacher discourse communities: How an urban high school science teacher negotiated inquiry practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an ethnographic case study of one urban high school science teacher who was attempting to use inquiry-based teaching in her practice. Rather than focusing on pedagogy, the study examines the social networks and communities of practice in which Marie Gonzalez participated. I make the argument that science teaching is a Discourse (Gee, 1990), and that teaching inquiry science means constructing an identity as a participant in what I call the Discourse of Inquiry. I also use discourse analysis to tease out a Discourse of Traditional Science Teaching. I conclude that the Traditional and Inquiry Discourses mediate a teacher's ideas of what it means to teach, and that, while Inquiry teachers are "bilingual", that is, able to participate in both Discourses, Traditional teachers are deaf to the Discourse of Inquiry. Moreover, in my study there is convincing evidence that administrators charged with evaluation were also unfamiliar with the Discourse of Inquiry and were therefore unable to provide support for Marie's inquiry practice. In light of these findings, it is not at all surprising that Marie found it quite difficult to use inquiry-based pedagogy. In order for teachers to adopt discourse-based reforms such as inquiry, the Discourse must be available to teachers in their workplaces.

Deneroff, Victoria Matzenauer

290

Features of Gender: An Analysis of the Visual Texts of Third Grade Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do primary students construct understandings of the opposite sex? In what ways do these constructions manifest in the visual texts created in literacy and language arts classrooms? Using visual discourse analysis (Albers, 2007) and scheme analysis (Sonesson, 1988) as interpretive methods, we analyzed the visual texts created by 23 third grade…

Albers, Peggy; Frederick, Tammy; Cowan, Kay

2009-01-01

291

An Exchange Structure Analysis of the Development of Online Intercultural Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet-mediated intercultural discussions have been adopted for intercultural and second-language learning. However, the notion of community development in this context has received less attention. This study employs exchange structure (ES) analysis (Stubbs, M. (1983). "Discourse analysis." Oxford: Basil Blackwell) to investigate the dialogic…

Kitade, Keiko

2012-01-01

292

K Basins Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Safety Analysis Report (HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062, Rev.4). This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report.

WEBB, R.H.

1999-12-29

293

Using informant directed interviews to discover risk orientation: How formative evaluations based in interpretive analysis can improve persuasive safety campaigns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay demonstrates how qualitative analysis of a target audience's discourse can identify themes and issues that need to be targeted in an effective persuasive campaign. The text for analysis was obtained by conducting informant directed interviews with Texas farmers who live in regions identified as having high injury and death rates associated with farm equipment. Thematic analysis of the

Tarla Rai Peterson; Kim Witte; Lorina Espericueta; Jason Todd Flora; Nanci Florey; Tamara Loughran; Rebekah Stuart

1994-01-01

294

The Pied Piper of Neo Liberalism Calls the Tune in the Republic of Ireland: An Analysis of Education Policy Text from 2000-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers an analysis of the rhetoric of education policy text during the timeframe from 2000 to 2012 in the Republic of Ireland. The study was framed within two different discourses of the role of the teacher: one discourse regards the teacher as a professional within a dynamic system of democratic relations (Anyon, 2011; Apple, 2012;…

Simmie, Geraldine Mooney

2012-01-01

295

The discourse of causal explanations in school science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers and educators working from a systemic functional linguistic perspective have provided a body of work on science discourse which offers an excellent starting point for examining the linguistic aspects of the development of causal discourse in school science, discourse which Derewianka (1995) claimed is critical to success in secondary school. No work has yet described the development of causal language by identifying the linguistic features present in oral discourse or by comparing the causal discourse of native and non-native (ESL) speakers of English. The current research responds to this gap by examining the oral discourse collected from ESL and non-ESL students at the primary and high school grades. Specifically, it asks the following questions: (1) How do the teachers and students in these four contexts develop causal explanations and their relevant taxonomies through classroom interactions? (2) What are the causal discourse features being used by the students in these four contexts to construct oral causal explanations? The findings of the social practice analysis showed that the teachers in the four contexts differed in their approaches to teaching, with the primary school mainstream teacher focusing largely on the hands-on practice , the primary school ESL teacher moving from practice to theory, the high school mainstream teacher moving from theory to practice, and the high school ESL teacher relying primarily on theory. The findings from the quantitative, small corpus approach suggest that the developmental path of cause which has been identified in the writing of experts shows up not only in written texts but also in the oral texts which learners construct. Moreover, this move appears when the discourse of high school ESL and non-ESL students is compared, suggesting a developmental progression in the acquisition of these features by these students. The findings also reveal that the knowledge constructed, as shown by the concept maps created from the discourse, follows a developmental path similar to the linguistic causal path, from the concrete, hands-on, observable items to more abstract, theoretical concepts. This study is the first systemic functional comparison of the oral discourse of primary and secondary learners as well as the first to compare ESL and non-ESL speakers in this way, and as such it helps map general trends in causal discourse development. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Slater, Tammy Jayne Anne

296

Frameworks for Examining Comprehension and Discourse: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overviews of schema theory, which focuses on the cognitive operations engaged in by the reader, and discourse analysis, which focuses on structural characteristics of the text itself, are presented in this paper. The first section explains the notion of cognitive schemata (patterns of expectations that are applied to incoming information) and…

Carey, Robert F.; Smith, Sharon L.

297

Discourse Processes and Products: Land Surveyors in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this paper aims to provide a description of professional communication pertaining to land surveying project management in Hong Kong, achieved through a comprehensive analysis of both workplace discourse processes and products. The study, situated in Hong Kong, represents a collaborative effort between English and Land…

Cheng, Winnie; Mok, Esmond

2008-01-01

298

Discourse coalitions and the Australian climate change policy network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, climate change has become the most prominent global environmental issue on domestic political agendas. The author examines how a policy-network approach can contribute to the analysis of domestic climate change responses. Consideration is given to the role of advocacy coalitions and discourse coalitions within policy networks. It

Harriet Bulkeley

2000-01-01

299

The Organization of Narrative Discourse in Lewy Body Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative discourse is an essential component of day-to-day communication, but little is known about narrative in Lewy body spectrum disorder (LBSD), including Parkinson's disease (PD), Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We performed a detailed analysis of a semi-structured speech sample in 32 non-aphasic…

Ash, Sharon; McMillan, Corey; Gross, Rachel G.; Cook, Philip; Morgan, Brianna; Boller, Ashley; Dreyfuss, Michael; Siderowf, Andrew; Grossman, Murray

2011-01-01

300

Discourse Production Following Injury to the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with damage to the prefrontal cortex, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in particular, often demonstrate difficulties with the formulation of complex language not attributable to aphasia. The present study employed a discourse analysis procedure to characterize the language of individuals with left (L) or right (R) DLPFC…

Coelho, Carl; Le, Karen; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Krueger, Frank; Grafman, Jordan

2012-01-01

301

A New Discourse Structure Model for Spontaneous Spoken Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a new discourse structure model is proposed, and based on the model, we report the results of an analysis on Japanese-language dialogues over the telephone. As a result, a method for describing and analyzing the structure of spontaneous spoken dialogue is provided, and some characteristics of spontaneous spoken dialogue over the telephone were clarified.

Tetsuro CHINO Hiroyuki TSUBOI; Toshiba Kansai

1996-01-01

302

Complexity of Secondary Scientific Data Sources and Students' Argumentative Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the learning opportunities provided to students through the use of complex geological data supporting scientific inquiry. Through analysis of argumentative discourse in a high school Earth science classroom, uses of US Geological Survey (USGS) data were contrasted with uses of geoscience textbook data. To examine these…

Kerlin, Steven C.; McDonald, Scott P.; Kelly, Gregory J.

2010-01-01

303

Measuring Lexical Diversity in Narrative Discourse of People with Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A microlinguistic content analysis for assessing lexical semantics in people with aphasia (PWA) is lexical diversity (LD). Sophisticated techniques have been developed to measure LD. However, validity evidence for these methodologies when applied to the discourse of PWA is lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate four measures…

Fergadiotis, Gerasimos; Wright, Heather H.; West, Thomas M.

2013-01-01

304

Navigating discourses in place in the world of Webkinz  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geosemiotics (Scollon and Scollon, 2003) frames this analysis of play, multimodal collaboration, and peer mediation as players navigate barriers to online connectivity in a children’s social network and gaming site. A geosemiotic perspective enables examination of children’s web play as discourses in place: fluidly converging and diverging interactions among four factors: (1) social actors, (2) interaction order, (3) visual semiotics,

Karen E. Wohlwend; Sarah Vander Zanden; Nicholas E. Husbye; Candace R. Kuby

2011-01-01

305

Navigating Discourses in Place in the World of Webkinz  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geosemiotics (Scollon and Scollon, 2003) frames this analysis of play, multimodal collaboration, and peer mediation as players navigate barriers to online connectivity in a children's social network and gaming site. A geosemiotic perspective enables examination of children's web play as "discourses in place": fluidly converging and diverging…

Wohlwend, Karen E.; Zanden, Sarah Vander; Husbye, Nicholas E.; Kuby, Candace R.

2011-01-01

306

Transient Response Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Transient Response Analysis Program, TRAP aids in analysis of frequency response of force-transmission and shock-damping devices. Devices analyzed with TRAP include hydraulic actuators, automotive shock absorbers and electromechanical actuators.

Blackman, L. D.

1985-01-01

307

Alumni Data Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sophisticated computers and statistical software offer expanded opportunities for elaborate data analysis but also require careful preparation of data and thoughtful selection of analytical techniques. Data preparation, organization of data analysis, and dissemination of the results are discussed. (MLW)

Szady, Sheryl M.

1988-01-01

308

Image Analysis Working Group  

Cancer.gov

Image Analysis & Performance Metrics Working Group The mission of the Image Analysis & Performance Metrics Working Group (IAPMWG) is to provide guidance, coordination, consensus building, and awareness regarding the development of algorithms and

309

Mathematical and statistical analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the mathematical and statistical analysis component of RICIS is to research, develop, and evaluate mathematical and statistical techniques for aerospace technology applications. Specific research areas of interest include modeling, simulation, experiment design, reliability assessment, and numerical analysis.

Houston, A. Glen

1988-01-01

310

Concurrent electromagnetic scattering analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computational power of the hypercube parallel computing architecture is applied to the solution of large-scale electromagnetic scattering and radiation problems. Three analysis codes have been implemented. A Hypercube Electromagnetic Interactive Analysis Workstation was developed to aid in the design and analysis of metallic structures such as antennas and to facilitate the use of these analysis codes. The workstation provides a general user environment for specification of the structure to be analyzed and graphical representations of the results.

Patterson, Jean E.; Cwik, Tom; Ferraro, Robert D.; Jacobi, Nathan; Liewer, Paulett C.; Lockhart, Thomas G.; Lyzenga, Gregory A.; Parker, Jay

1989-01-01

311

Understanding Forage Quality Analysis  

E-print Network

are two methods used to analyze forage samples in a laboratory. These include the tra- ditional wet chemistry analysis and the newer, near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) analy- sis. Wet chemistry analysis, based upon well-estab- lished chemical... are two methods used to analyze forage samples in a laboratory. These include the tra- ditional wet chemistry analysis and the newer, near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) analy- sis. Wet chemistry analysis, based upon well-estab- lished chemical...

Stokes, Sandra R.; Prostko, Eric P.

1998-03-23

312

Requiem for Qualitative Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers presented at the Seventh Biennial Conference on Chemical Education (Stillwater, Oklahoma 1982) focused on qualitative analysis curricula and instruction. Topics included benefits of qualitative analysis, use of iodo/bromo-complexes in qualitative analysis schemes, lecture demonstrations, and brief descriptions of three courses. (JN)

Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

1983-01-01

313

GSFC VLBI Analysis center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents the activities of the GSFC VLBI Analysis Center during 2004. The GSFC Analysis Center analyzes all IVS sessions, makes regular IVS submissions of data and analysis products, and performs research and software development activities aimed at improving the VLBI technique.

Gordon, David; Ma, Chopo; MacMillan, Dan; Petrov, Leonid; Baver, Karen

2005-01-01

314

Prescriptive analysis in planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the subject of prescriptive analysis in spatial planning is dealt with. The point is made that all planners to some extent engage in prescriptive analysis. It is argued that this kind of analysis need not be equated with a technocratic exercise provided that the analyst recognises explicitly that public planning is influenced to a large extent by

H Voogd

1985-01-01

315

Improving Intrusion Analysis Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis vs. analysis The volume of data available to the analyst for the forensic analysis of an intrusion or other form of successful attack is enormous. Clearly, analyzing the textual data would be prohibitive as a networked environment will generate tens of thousands of log messages a day. In complex cases, where events must be correlated both temporally and spatially,

Robert F. Erbacher; Karl Sobylak

316

Coal systems analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This collection of papers provides an introduction to the concept of coal systems analysis and contains examples of how coal systems analysis can be used to understand, characterize, and evaluate coal and coal gas resources. Chapter are: Coal systems analysis: A new approach to the understanding of coal formation, coal quality and environmental considerations, and coal as a source rock

2005-01-01

317

Robust stereo analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new multistage adaptive robust (MAR) algorithm combined with a multiresolution coarse to fine matching model is developed for robust stereo analysis. Stereo analysis of remotely sensed images is useful for a variety of applications including cloud height measurement and digital terrain models. Time sequential stereoscopic observations of clouds from meteorological satellites provide a basic analysis tool for a broad

K. Palaniappan; Yan Huangt; Xinhua Zhuangt; A. Frederick Haslert

1995-01-01

318

Meaning from curriculum analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the analysis of science curricula carried out across Canada within the framework of the Second International Science Study (SISS). The organization of Canadian education in twelve autonomous educational jurisdictions is briefly described and problems are noted in relation to the analysis of curricula on a national scale. The international design for curriculum analysis is discussed and

Menahem Finegold; Dorothy Mackeracher

1986-01-01

319

Modern Regression Discontinuity Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a detailed discussion of the theory and practice of modern regression discontinuity (RD) analysis for estimating the effects of interventions or treatments. Part 1 briefly chronicles the history of RD analysis and summarizes its past applications. Part 2 explains how in theory an RD analysis can identify an average effect of…

Bloom, Howard S.

2012-01-01

320

Integrated Genetic Analysis Microsystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of integrated microsystems for genetic analysis allows the acquisition of information at unprecedented length and time scales. The convergence of molecular biology, chemistry, physics, and materials science is required for their design and construction. The utility of the microsystems originates from increased analysis speed, lower analysis cost, and higher parallelism leading to increased assay throughput. In addition, when

E. T. Lagally; H. T. Soh

2005-01-01

321

Bayesian Mediation Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we propose Bayesian analysis of mediation effects. Compared with conventional frequentist mediation analysis, the Bayesian approach has several advantages. First, it allows researchers to incorporate prior information into the mediation analysis, thus potentially improving the efficiency of estimates. Second, under the Bayesian…

Yuan, Ying; MacKinnon, David P.

2009-01-01

322

Spectral Analysis Techniques in Deformation Analysis Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Analysis of geodetic monitoring records, in the type of time series, can sometimes be simple, if for instance data have a clear trend and their noise-to-signal ratio is small. In the cases of measurements of small-amplitude, of high noise-to-signal ratios, reflecting superimposition of different signals, spectral analysis techniques can provide the best results. In this paper we review techniques

Stella PYTHAROULI; Villy KONTOGIANNI; Panos PSIMOULIS

2004-01-01

323

Strategic Analysis Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA s Constellation Program employs a strategic analysis methodology in providing an integrated analysis capability of Lunar exploration scenarios and to support strategic decision-making regarding those scenarios. The strategic analysis methodology integrates the assessment of the major contributors to strategic objective satisfaction performance, affordability, and risk and captures the linkages and feedbacks between all three components. Strategic analysis supports strategic decision making by senior management through comparable analysis of alternative strategies, provision of a consistent set of high level value metrics, and the enabling of cost-benefit analysis. The tools developed to implement the strategic analysis methodology are not element design and sizing tools. Rather, these models evaluate strategic performance using predefined elements, imported into a library from expert-driven design/sizing tools or expert analysis. Specific components of the strategic analysis tool set include scenario definition, requirements generation, mission manifesting, scenario lifecycle costing, crew time analysis, objective satisfaction benefit, risk analysis, and probabilistic evaluation. Results from all components of strategic analysis are evaluated a set of pre-defined figures of merit (FOMs). These FOMs capture the high-level strategic characteristics of all scenarios and facilitate direct comparison of options. The strategic analysis methodology that is described in this paper has previously been applied to the Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs and is now being used to support the development of the baseline Constellation Program lunar architecture. This paper will present an overview of the strategic analysis methodology and will present sample results from the application of the strategic analysis methodology to the Constellation Program lunar architecture.

Cirillo, William M.; Earle, Kevin D.; Goodliff, Kandyce E.; Reeves, J. D.; Stromgren, Chel; Andraschko, Mark R.; Merrill, R. Gabe

2008-01-01

324

Multimodal science teachers' discourse in modeling the water cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents an intensive study of a micro-event aiming at the characterization of teacher's discourse from a multimodal communication perspective in a secondary school science classroom dealing with the topic of water cycle. The research addresses the following questions: (a) What communicative modes are used by the teacher?, (b) what role do the different communicative modes play within teacher's discourse?, and (c) what are the relationships among communicative modes being used by the teacher? Theoretical framework is developed based on three strands: multimodal communication, science teaching and learning as modeling, and social semotics and Halliday's functional grammar. An analytic scheme guiding teachers' discourse analysis is presented and results discussed. Implications for science teacher education are drawn that would contribute to the improvement of science teacher education.

Márquez, Conxita; Izquierdo, Mercè; Espinet, Mariona

2006-03-01

325

Multivariate meta-analysis: Potential and promise  

PubMed Central

The multivariate random effects model is a generalization of the standard univariate model. Multivariate meta-analysis is becoming more commonly used and the techniques and related computer software, although continually under development, are now in place. In order to raise awareness of the multivariate methods, and discuss their advantages and disadvantages, we organized a one day ‘Multivariate meta-analysis’ event at the Royal Statistical Society. In addition to disseminating the most recent developments, we also received an abundance of comments, concerns, insights, critiques and encouragement. This article provides a balanced account of the day's discourse. By giving others the opportunity to respond to our assessment, we hope to ensure that the various view points and opinions are aired before multivariate meta-analysis simply becomes another widely used de facto method without any proper consideration of it by the medical statistics community. We describe the areas of application that multivariate meta-analysis has found, the methods available, the difficulties typically encountered and the arguments for and against the multivariate methods, using four representative but contrasting examples. We conclude that the multivariate methods can be useful, and in particular can provide estimates with better statistical properties, but also that these benefits come at the price of making more assumptions which do not result in better inference in every case. Although there is evidence that multivariate meta-analysis has considerable potential, it must be even more carefully applied than its univariate counterpart in practice. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:21268052

Jackson, Dan; Riley, Richard; White, Ian R

2011-01-01

326

Teacher Teams and Distributed Leadership: A Study of Group Discourse and Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article explores distributed leadership as it relates to two teacher teams in one public secondary school. Both situational and social aspects of distributed leadership are foci of investigation. Methods: The qualitative study used constant comparative analysis and discourse analysis to explore leadership as a distributed phenomenon.…

Scribner, Jay Paredes; Sawyer, R. Keith; Watson, Sheldon T.; Myers, Vicki L.

2007-01-01

327

Ideological Challenges in Classroom Discourse: A Sociocritical Perspective of English Learning in an Urban School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a sociocritical approach to the study of language and literacy and discourse analysis, this article examines student initiated challenges in a sheltered English course with two types of English learners: native+, ESL students; and, recently, arriving ESL students. The analysis draws on 19 hours of video-recorded observations of…

Razfar, Aria

2011-01-01

328

The power to shape policy: charting sport for development and peace policy discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses findings from a development policy discourse analysis that was conducted using six key sport for development and peace (SDP) policy documents. The research was guided by a theoretical framework combining postcolonial theory and actor-oriented sociology in order to critically analyse SDP policies. Based on this analysis, three theses are proposed: (1) SDP policies are unclear, circuitous and

Lyndsay M. C. Hayhurst

2009-01-01

329

Markers of topical discourse in child-directed speech.  

PubMed

Although the language we encounter is typically embedded in rich discourse contexts, many existing models of processing focus largely on phenomena that occur sentence-internally. Similarly, most work on children's language learning does not consider how information can accumulate as a discourse progresses. Research in pragmatics, however, points to ways in which each subsequent utterance provides new opportunities for listeners to infer speaker meaning. Such inferences allow the listener to build up a representation of the speakers' intended topic and more generally to identify relationships, structures, and messages that extend across multiple utterances. We address this issue by analyzing a video corpus of child-caregiver interactions. We use topic continuity as an index of discourse structure, examining how caregivers introduce and discuss objects across utterances. For the analysis, utterances are grouped into topical discourse sequences using three annotation strategies: raw annotations of speakers' referents, the output of a model that groups utterances based on those annotations, and the judgments of human coders. We analyze how the lexical, syntactic, and social properties of caregiver-child interaction change over the course of a sequence of topically related utterances. Our findings suggest that many cues used to signal topicality in adult discourse are also available in child-directed speech. PMID:24731080

Rohde, Hannah; Frank, Michael C

2014-11-01

330

NASA trend analysis procedures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This publication is primarily intended for use by NASA personnel engaged in managing or implementing trend analysis programs. 'Trend analysis' refers to the observation of current activity in the context of the past in order to infer the expected level of future activity. NASA trend analysis was divided into 5 categories: problem, performance, supportability, programmatic, and reliability. Problem trend analysis uncovers multiple occurrences of historical hardware or software problems or failures in order to focus future corrective action. Performance trend analysis observes changing levels of real-time or historical flight vehicle performance parameters such as temperatures, pressures, and flow rates as compared to specification or 'safe' limits. Supportability trend analysis assesses the adequacy of the spaceflight logistics system; example indicators are repair-turn-around time and parts stockage levels. Programmatic trend analysis uses quantitative indicators to evaluate the 'health' of NASA programs of all types. Finally, reliability trend analysis attempts to evaluate the growth of system reliability based on a decreasing rate of occurrence of hardware problems over time. Procedures for conducting all five types of trend analysis are provided in this publication, prepared through the joint efforts of the NASA Trend Analysis Working Group.

1993-01-01

331

Decision Analysis and Cost-effectiveness Analysis  

PubMed Central

Healthcare decision-making can be complex, often requiring decision makers to weigh serious trade-offs, consider patients’ values, and incorporate evidence in the face of uncertainty. Medical decisions are made implicitly by clinicians and other decision-makers on a daily basis. Decisions based largely on personal experience are subject to many biases. Decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis are systematic approaches used to support decision-making under conditions of uncertainty that involve important trade-offs. These mathematical tools can provide patients, physicians and policy makers with a useful approach to complex medical decision making. PMID:23966758

Ryder, Hilary F.; McDonough, Christine; Tosteson, Anna N. A.; Lurie, Jon D.

2013-01-01

332

Analysis of Algorithms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A research site with papers to download, links to researchers, a newsletter, etc. Analysis of Algorithms (AofA) is a field in computer science whose overall goal is an understanding of the complexity of algorithms. While much research is devoted to worst-case evaluations, the focus in these pages is methods for average-case and probabilistic analysis. Properties of random strings, permutations, trees, and graphs are thus essential ingredients in the analysis of algorithms.

Flajolet, Philippe; Prodinger, Helmut

2007-12-19

333

WORLD-SYSTEMS ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary World-systems analysis is a knowledge movement elaborated since the 1970's and is a critique of dominant modes of analysis in the nineteenth-century social sciences. It insists on three things primarily: (1) World-systems (and not nation-states) are the basic unit of social analysis; (2) Neither nomothetic nor idiographic epistemologies permit useful analyses of social reality; (3) The existing disciplinary boundaries

Immanuel Wallerstein

1970-01-01

334

Art Analysis Worksheet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Look at each painting and then choose a painting that you would like to use for your art analysis. Open the paintings from the The Art Institute of Chicago?. Look at each one of them. Choose one for your art analysis. Be specific as possible while doing your art analysis. 1. View of Cotopaxi, 1857 1857. Painted by Frederic Edwin Church. American, 1826-1900. Oil on canvas, 62.2 x 92.7 cm. 2. ...

Christensen, Mrs.

2009-09-28

335

Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis is a novel statistical technique for the analysis of two--mode and co-occurrence data, which has applications in information retrieval and filtering, natural language processing, machine learning from text, and in related areas. Compared to standard Latent Semantic Analysis which stems from linear algebra and performs a Singular Value Decomposition of co-occurrence tables, the proposed method is

Thomas Hofmann

1999-01-01

336

Competitor Analysis Company Description  

E-print Network

advances in chemical production from green/environmentally friendly resources. Conduct research and analyze Competitive analysis Company Description: A privately owned environmentally conscious global specialty

Dahl, David B.

337

Handbook of coal analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Handbook deals with the various aspects of coal analysis and provides a detailed explanation of the necessary standard tests and procedures that are applicable to coal in order to help define usage and behavior relative to environmental issues. It provides details of the meaning of various test results and how they might be applied to predict coal behavior during use. Emphasis is on ASTM standards and test methods but ISO and BSI standards methods are included. Chapter headings are: Coal analysis; Sampling and sample preparation; Proximate analysis; Ultimate analysis; Mineral matter; Physical and electrical properties; Thermal properties; Mechanical properties; Spectroscopic properties; Solvent properties; and Glossary.

James G. Speight

2005-05-01

338

PURDUE EXTENSION Capital Investment Analysis  

E-print Network

fundamental tasks: 1) economic profitability analysis and 2) financial feasibility analysis. Economic, this publica- tion follows an example through the economic profitability and financial feasibility analysis received in the future. Economic Profitability The purpose of an economic profitability analysis

339

The Nature of Discourse throughout 5E Lessons in a Large Enrolment College Biology Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large enrolment science courses play a significant role in educating undergraduate students. The discourse in these classes usually involves an instructor lecturing with little or no student participation, despite calls from current science education reform documents to elicit and utilize students' ideas in teaching. In this study, we used the 5E instructional model to develop and implement four lessons in a large enrolment introductory biology course with multiple opportunities for teacher-student and student-student interaction. Data consisted of video and audio recordings of whole-class and small-group discussions that took place throughout the study. We then used a science classroom discourse framework developed by Mortimer and Scott (2003) to characterize the discursive interactions in each 5E lesson phase. Analysis of the data resulted in two assertions. First, the purpose, communicative approach, patterns of discourse, and teaching interventions were unique to each 5E lesson phase. Second, the type of lesson topic influenced the content of the discourse. We discuss how the findings help characterize the discourse of each phase in a 5E college science lesson and propose a model to understand internalization through discursive interaction using this reform-based approach. We conclude with implications for facilitating discourse in college science lessons and future research. This study provides support for using the discourse framework to characterize discursive interaction in college science courses.

Sickel, Aaron J.; Witzig, Stephen B.; Vanmali, Binaben H.; Abell, Sandra K.

2013-04-01

340

Contributing to Meaning Making: Facilitating Discourse in the High School Physics Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) identify eight practices as essential to science and engineering, and these practices include asking students to construct explanations, to engage in argumentation, and to communicate scientific information. However, few teacher-training programs instruct teachers how to facilitate such discourse in the classroom. Modeling Instruction is one movement in physics education that organizes high school physics content around a small number of student-derived scientific models, and it relies on student discourse for the design, development, and deployment of these models. This research is a self-study of one high school physics teacher's experience facilitating large group discourse in the high school modeling physics classroom. Whiteboard meetings and graded discussions were examined by applying the analytical framework created by Mortimer and Scott (2003) to characterize the classroom talk and the discourse facilitation moves that I employed. In addition, elements of discourse analysis were used to examine some of the tensions that I experienced in the facilitation of this discourse. The findings suggest that deliberate identification of the teaching purposes for the discussion can help determine the scaffolding needed for students to enter the Discourse (Gee, 2011) of being a participant in these large group conversations. In addition, connecting the dialogic dimension of exploring student ideas with the authoritative dimension of introducing the scientific view and supporting the internalization of that view is necessary to contribute to meaning making in the science classroom.

Hovan, Scot Alan

341

Proximate Analysis of Coal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lab experiment illustrates the use of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to perform proximate analysis on a series of coal samples of different rank. Peat and coke are also examined. A total of four exercises are described. These are dry exercises as students interpret previously recorded scans. The weight percent moisture, volatile matter,…

Donahue, Craig J.; Rais, Elizabeth A.

2009-01-01

342

Costing for Policy Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cost behavior analysis, a costing process that can assist managers in estimating how certain institutional costs change in response to volume, policy, and environmental factors, is described. The five steps of this approach are examined, and the application of cost behavior analysis at four college-level settings is documented. The institutions…

National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

343

Tree Fertilization Soil Analysis  

E-print Network

Tree Fertilization #12;Soil Analysis vs. Foliar Analysis #12;Macronutrients N P K Mg S Ca N/ "DBH Timing ­ water availability -- spring and fall #12;Application Techniques Surface broadcast ·Least time ·Simple equipment ·Water thoroughly ·Grass is competition #12;#12;#12;Drill Hole Method

344

National Assessment Analysis Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the analysis of data collected by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). In simplest terms, the analysis can be characterized as establishing baseline estimates of the percentages of young Americans possessing certain skills, knowledge, understandings, and attitudes and…

Searls, Donald T., Ed.

345

PARTICULATE SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The chapter provides information needed to ensure that sampling and data analysis are well done. It discusses sampling and analysis associated with mass tests using EPA Test Methods 5 and 17 and particle size distribution tests conducted with cascade impactors. All steps in the s...

346

FOOD COMPOSITION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

in the food industry (Brosnan and Sun, 2004). The salmon industry and research community are in need of fastJOURNAL OF FOOD COMPOSITION AND ANALYSIS Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 20 (2007) 73 fast, ARTICLE IN PRESS www.elsevier.com/locate/jfca 0889-1575/$ - see front matter r 2006 Elsevier Inc

Manne, Fredrik

347

Multivariate analysis of variance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide an expository presentation of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) for both consumers of research and investigators by capitalizing on its relation to univariate analysis of variance models. We address several questions: (a) Why should one use MANOVA? (b) What is the structure of MANOVA? (c) How are MANOVA test statistics obtained and interpreted? (d) How are MANOVA follow-up

Michael V. Ellis

1987-01-01

348

Interactive Controls Analysis (INCA)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Version 3.12 of INCA provides user-friendly environment for design and analysis of linear control systems. System configuration and parameters easily adjusted, enabling INCA user to create compensation networks and perform sensitivity analysis in convenient manner. Full complement of graphical routines makes output easy to understand. Written in Pascal and FORTRAN.

Bauer, Frank H.

1989-01-01

349

Applied General Equilibrium Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents a collection of articles on applied general equilibrium analysis by major contributors to this field. This rapidly expanding method of analysis involves the use of computers to study entire economies and the interrelationships among firms, households and governments in these economies. There are also articles on the particular computational techniques involved in the numerical estimation of these

Herbert E. Scarf; John B. Shoven

1986-01-01

350

Slope Stability Analysis Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information as well as a downloadable demo version of a slope stability and reinforced soil analysis and design software. The software includes an analysis option which analyzes strata profile and groundwater conditions, surcharge loads and earthquake forces, slip surfaces, and reinforced soil options. Data input and editing can also be performed as well as output from the program and graphics.

2008-07-17

351

Sparse Principal Component Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Principal component analysis (PCA) is widely used in data processing and dimensionality reduction. However, PCA sufiers from the fact that each principal component is a linear combi- nation of all the original variables, thus it is often di-cult to interpret the results. We introduce a new method called sparse principal component analysis (SPCA) using the lasso (elastic net) to produce

Hui Zou; Trevor Hastie; Robert Tibshirani

2006-01-01

352

Data analysis techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A large and diverse number of computational techniques are routinely used to process and analyze remotely sensed data. These techniques include: univariate statistics; multivariate statistics; principal component analysis; pattern recognition and classification; other multivariate techniques; geometric correction; registration and resampling; radiometric correction; enhancement; restoration; Fourier analysis; and filtering. Each of these techniques will be considered, in order.

Park, Steve

1990-01-01

353

BATSE spectroscopy analysis system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) Spectroscopy Analysis System (BSAS) is the software system which is the primary tool for the analysis of spectral data from BATSE. As such, Guest Investigators and the community as a whole need to know its basic properties and characteristics. Described here are the characteristics of the BATSE spectroscopy detectors and the BSAS.

Schaefer, Bradley E.; Bansal, Sandhia; Basu, Anju; Brisco, Phil; Cline, Thomas L.; Friend, Elliott; Laubenthal, Nancy; Panduranga, E. S.; Parkar, Nuru; Rust, Brad

1992-01-01

354

Laboratory analysis of stardust.  

PubMed

Tiny dust grains extracted from primitive meteorites are identified to have originated in the atmospheres of stars on the basis of their anomalous isotopic compositions. Although isotopic analysis with the ion microprobe plays a major role in the laboratory analysis of these stardust grains, many other microanalytical techniques are applied to extract the maximum amount of information. PMID:23231704

Zinner, Ernst

2013-02-01

355

Application of SWOT analysis.  

PubMed

SWOT analysis is an effective and simple planning technique which addresses one aspect of many strategic planning processes. Given the complex nature of modern health care systems, the ability to use this type of technique can enable health professionals to participate more fully in the analysis and implementation of health care improvement. PMID:8472105

Casebeer, A

356

AUDIO ANALYSIS IN PWGLSYNTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present an incremental improvement of a known fundamental frequency estimation algorithm for monophonic sig- nals. This is viewed as a case study of using our signal graph based synthesis language, PWGLSynth, for audio analysis. The roles of audio and control signals are discussed in both analysis and syn- thesis contexts. The suitability of the PWGLSynth system

Vesa Norilo; Mikael Laurson

2008-01-01

357

Zen and Behavior Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zen's challenge for behavior analysis is to explain a repertoire that renders analysis itself meaningless--a result following not from scientific or philosophical arguments but rather from a unique verbal history generated by Zen's methods. Untying Zen's verbal knots suggests how meditation's and koans' effects on verbal behavior contribute to…

Bass, Roger

2010-01-01

358

Analysis of Swimming Motions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of swimming motion with specific attention given to the flutter kick, the breast-stroke kick, and the breast stroke. The analysis is completely theoretical. It employs a mathematical model of the human body consisting of frustrums of elliptical cones. Dynamical equations are written for this model including both viscous and inertia forces. These equations are then

Joseph Gallenstein; Ronald L. Huston

1973-01-01

359

Escape Analysis on Lists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Higher order functional programs constantly allocate objects dynamically. These objects are typically cons cells, closures, and records and are generally allocated in the heap and reclaimed later by some garbage col- lection process. This paper describes a compile time analysis, called escape analysis, for determining the lifetime of dynamically created objects in higher or- der functional programs, and describes optimizations

Young Gil Park; Benjamin Goldberg

1992-01-01

360

Escape Analysis for Java  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simple and efficient data flow algorithmfor escape analysis of objects in Java programs to determine(i) if an object can be allocated on the stack; (ii) if an objectis accessed only by a single thread during its lifetime, so thatsynchronization operations on that object can be removed. Weintroduce a new program abstraction for escape analysis, theconnection graph,

Jong-Deok Choi; Manish Gupta; Mauricio J. Serrano; Vugranam C. Sreedhar; Samuel P. Midkiff

1999-01-01

361

INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theme The situation analysis, as a separate component of the strategic planning, involves collecting and analysing relevant types of information on the components of the marketing environment and their evolution on the one hand and also on the organizationâ€(tm)s resources and capabilities on the other. Objectives of the Research The main purpose of the study of the analysis techniques of

Caescu Stefan Claudiu; Popescu Andrei; Ploesteanu Mara Gabriela

2011-01-01

362

Functional Extended Redundancy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We propose a functional version of extended redundancy analysis that examines directional relationships among several sets of multivariate variables. As in extended redundancy analysis, the proposed method posits that a weighed composite of each set of exogenous variables influences a set of endogenous variables. It further considers endogenous…

Hwang, Heungsun; Suk, Hye Won; Lee, Jang-Han; Moskowitz, D. S.; Lim, Jooseop

2012-01-01

363

Fuzzy fault tree analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability of products is frequently a prime safety consideration. Interpretation of reliability is both quantitative and qualitative. Extensive quantitative analysis employing probablistic risk assessment has been widely performed to provide predicted hazard or accident minimization. Weibull probability data and information is a vital tool of these quantitative risk assessments, but so are qualitative methods such as fault tree analysis. Qualitative

David P. Weber

1994-01-01

364

Contamination Analysis Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contamination Analysis Program (CAP) generalized transient-executive-analysis computer code solving realistic mass-transport problems in free-molecular-flow environment. Involves mass fluxes from emission and reemission by sources on surfaces, venting, and emission by engines. Also solves problems including one-bounce mass reflections. Written in FORTRAN.

Millard, Jerry M.; Maag, Carl R.

1991-01-01

365

Statistical data analysis  

SciTech Connect

The complexity of instrumentation sometimes requires data analysis to be done before the result is presented to the control room. This tutorial reviews some of the theoretical assumptions underlying the more popular forms of data analysis and presents simple examples to illuminate the advantages and hazards of different techniques.

Hahn, A.A.

1994-11-01

366

Frequency Measurement & Analysis Service  

E-print Network

NIST Frequency Measurement & Analysis Service #12;A Complete Solution To All Frequency Measurement & Calibration Problems The NIST Frequency Measurement and Analysis Service makes it easy to measure and calibrate any quartz, rubidium, or cesium frequency standard. All measurements are made automatically

Magee, Joseph W.

367

Invention and Gain Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gain analysis is applied to the invention of the sewing needle as well as different sewing implements and modes of sewing. The analysis includes a two-subject experiment. To validate the generality of gain heuristics and underlying switching processes, the invention of the assembly line is also analyzed. (TJH)

Weber, Robert J.; Dixon, Stacey

1989-01-01

368

SOFIE jitter analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

SOFIE (Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment) is a 16-channel radiometer that was launched into a polar orbit on NASA's Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) spacecraft on 25 April 2007. An in-depth jitter analysis was performed to verify that the spacecraft could meet the pointing requirements. The analysis was based on an integrated modeling capability which combines structural dynamics

Steven R. Wassom; Chad Fish; Larry Gordley; John Burton

2007-01-01

369

THERMAL ?-? MODULATOR: PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents the system performance analysis, in terms of frequency response and system resolution, of a 1-bit first-order ?-? thermal modulator. In this system model, some of the operations conversion is performed by the thermoresistive sensor, which operates at constant temperature method. The system performance analysis was realized with a sampled version of the continuous time thermal ?-? modulator.

L. S. Palma; A. Oliveira; R. C. S. Freire; A. B. Fontes

370

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

371

Automating Frame Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Frame Analysis has come to play an increasingly stronger role in the study of social movements in Sociology and Political Science. While significant steps have been made in providing a theory of frames and framing, a systematic characterization of the frame concept is still largely lacking and there are no rec-ognized criteria and methods that can be used to identify and marshal frame evi-dence reliably and in a time and cost effective manner. Consequently, current Frame Analysis work is still too reliant on manual annotation and subjective inter-pretation. The goal of this paper is to present an approach to the representation, acquisition and analysis of frame evidence which leverages Content Analysis, In-formation Extraction and Semantic Search methods to provide a systematic treat-ment of a Frame Analysis and automate frame annotation.

Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Franklin, Lyndsey; Tratz, Stephen C.; Danielson, Gary R.; Mileson, Nicholas D.; Riensche, Roderick M.; McGrath, Liam

2008-04-01

372

Language for Reconciliation in Religious Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Contradictions in Sermons Explored through the Activity Theory Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to shed light on the role of language in keeping religion relevant to the individual and society in present times. In the context of postmodernity, religion has become more of a meaning system to address the existential questions of the individual. Religious institutions have had to accommodate the changes brought about by a…

Singh, Parvinder Kaur Hukam; Thuraisingam, Thavamalar

2011-01-01

373

Disciplinary discourses: rates of cesarean section explained by medicine, midwifery, and feminism.  

PubMed

In the context of international concern about increasing rates of cesarean sections, we used discourse analysis to examine explanations arising from feminism and the disciplines of medicine and midwifery, and found that each was positioned differently in relation to the rising rates. Medical discourses asserted that doctors are authorities on birth and that, although cesareans are sometimes medically necessary, women recklessly choose unnecessary cesareans against medical advice. Midwifery discourses portrayed medicine as paternalistic toward both women and midwifery, and feminist discourses situated birth and women's bodies in the context of a patriarchally structured society. The findings illustrate the complex ways in which this intervention in birth is discursively constructed, and demonstrate its significance as a site of disciplinary conflict. PMID:18437594

Lee, Amy Su May; Kirkman, Maggie

2008-05-01

374

Technical Analysis: Alternatives to Chart Analysis  

E-print Network

particular commodity. Under the scrutiny of a skilled chart ana- lyst, the chart reveals sell and buy signals as important components of a price risk management program. However, not all producers are comfortable reading a chart. There is also the danger... analysis is the use of moving averages. Moving averages are mathematical, objective, simple to use, and very effective. A single moving average is used to determine the likely direction of price trend. A set of two mov- ing averages can generate sell...

Purcell, Wayne D.

1999-08-02

375

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Stance in Disaster News Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines stance in cross-cultural media discourse by comparing disaster news reports on the Sichuan earthquake of May 2008 in a Chinese, an Australian Chinese, and an Australian newspaper. The stance taken in the news reports is examined using the Attitude sub-system of Martin and White's (2005) Appraisal framework. The analysis

Liu, Lian; Stevenson, Marie

2013-01-01

376

Clint Eastwood's US audience 1964–2009: a reception-oriented approach to star analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Clint Eastwood and his American audience as an example, this essay argues for the importance of a reception-oriented approach to star analysis. Empirical data is presented (surveys, box office revenues, discourse examples) as a methodological suggestion for how a star's historical audience might be studied empirically. The data reveals with what and with whom Eastwood was popular, and on

Annemone Ligensa

2012-01-01

377

What's In, What's Out - An Analysis of State Educational Technology Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of dominant discourses in state educational technology plans. The potential pedagogical, political, and financial implications of state technology plans were the impetus for the current study. Our primary purpose is to understand the views promoted in these plans. The promotion of some ideas automatically implies demotion of some others. We are thus also interested in

Paul Conway

378

Student Trajectories in Physics: The Need for Analysis through a Socio-Cultural Lens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of student connections through time and space relative to the core discipline of physics is attempted, as viewed through the lens of actor-network-theory, by Antonia Candela. Using lenses of cultural realities, networks, and perceived power in the discourse of one specific university in the capital city of Mexico and one undergraduate…

Zapata, Mara

2010-01-01

379

Blaming Victims and Survivors: An Analysis of Post-Katrina Print News Coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In few circumstances are news media more powerful than during crisis events. The purpose of this research was to document the discursive construction of individuals who experienced hurricane Katrina in post-Katrina print news coverage. Informed by a social constructionist perspective, this critical discourse analysis highlights the power of news media to shape cultural understanding of the citizens involved and, consequently,

M. Justin Davis; T. Nathaniel French

2008-01-01

380

Bridging Work Practice and System Design: Integrating Systemic Analysis, Appreciative Intervention and Practitioner Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the integration of work practice and system design. By scrutinising the unfolding discourse of workshop participants the co-construction of work practice issues as relevant design considerations is described. Through a mutual exploration of ethnography and participatory design the contributing constituents to the co-construction process are identified and put forward as elements in the integration of `systemic analysis'

Helena Karasti

2001-01-01

381

The analysis of an electronic support group for individuals with eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic newsgroups, functioning as electronic support groups, now proliferate on the Internet and commercial computer networks. Little is known about the functioning and efficacy of these groups. A discourse analysis was performed on 306 messages posted to an eating disorder electronic support group. The most common message content involved self-disclosure (31%) followed by requests for information (23%), and the direct

Andrew Winzelberg

1997-01-01

382

A Comparative Analysis of Racism in the Original and Modified Texts of "The Cay"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten high-school students of English as a second language (ESL) intensively studied the modified version of "The Cay" (retold by Strange, 1997). During their study the teacher asked questions designed to elicit students' comprehension and understanding of racism and prejudice as the main themes of "The Cay". Analysis of classroom discourse data…

Marianne

2007-01-01

383

Police Status, Conformity and Internal Pressure: A Discursive Analysis of Police Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a discursive analysis of interviews with eight police officers about a range of contemporary issues concerning the police force. Officers drew on three common linguistic resources (police status, conformity, and internal pressure) which are identified, illustrated and discussed in terms of their social consequences and rhetorical effectiveness. We suggest that these discourses operate collectively to maintain the

Karen Frewin; Keith Tuffin

1998-01-01

384

Strengthening National Capital: A Postcolonial Analysis of Lifelong Learning Policy in St Lucia, Caribbean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a postcolonial policy analysis of the "Education Sector Development Plan: 2000-2005 and Beyond" in the small Caribbean island nation of St Lucia. The specific focus is upon the nature of the lifelong learning policy as incorporated in the Plan. This is shown to be a globalised policy discourse. Drawing on a number of…

Lingard, Bob; Jn Pierre, Kentry D.

2006-01-01

385

Different paths from powerlessness to empowerment: A dramatistic analysis of two eating disorder therapies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using dramatistic analysis, this study examines the rhetorical elements of two therapies designed to help women cope with eating disorders. It found that each therapy has the same key terms, but they serve different functions and encourage different interpretations. The representative anecdotes implicit in each discourse were superficially alike, but closer inquiry showed one to be a quasi?religious narrative and

Leda Cooks; David Descutner

1993-01-01

386

A Computational Approach to Qualitative Analysis in Large Textual Datasets  

PubMed Central

In this paper I introduce computational techniques to extend qualitative analysis into the study of large textual datasets. I demonstrate these techniques by using probabilistic topic modeling to analyze a broad sample of 14,952 documents published in major American newspapers from 1980 through 2012. I show how computational data mining techniques can identify and evaluate the significance of qualitatively distinct subjects of discussion across a wide range of public discourse. I also show how examining large textual datasets with computational methods can overcome methodological limitations of conventional qualitative methods, such as how to measure the impact of particular cases on broader discourse, how to validate substantive inferences from small samples of textual data, and how to determine if identified cases are part of a consistent temporal pattern. PMID:24498398

Evans, Michael S.

2014-01-01

387

[Discourses on the nursing and psychiatric nurse models, published in the Annals of Nursing (1933-1951)].  

PubMed

Social-historical study aimed at discussing the nursing and psychiatric nurse models, from the discourses published in the Annals of Nursing.The historical sources were articles published in the Annals of Nursing journal, from 1933 to 1951. An analysis of the discourse was subsidized by the genealogy of power by Michel Foucault.The analysis showed that the discourse on nursing and the psychiatric nurse, in the first half of the 20th century, is set, on one side, by the propositions used by psychiatrists, who sought to reiterate stereotypes and vocations to practice nursing, and, on the other side, by the active participation of nurses seeking to legitimize expertise for psychiatric nursing. It was concluded that the discourses analyzed defined a psychiatric care focused on the nurse and not the rest of the nursing staff, at that time. PMID:25158460

Pereira, Michelle de Macedo; Padilha, Maria Itayra; de Oliveira, Alexandre Barbosa; Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco; Filho, Antonio José de Almeida; Peres, Maria Angélica de Almeida

2014-06-01

388

Distributed analysis at LHCb  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The distributed analysis experience to date at LHCb has been positive: job success rates are high and wait times for high-priority jobs are low. LHCb users access the grid using the GANGA job-management package, while the LHCb virtual organization manages its resources using the DIRAC package. This clear division of labor has benefitted LHCb and its users greatly; it is a major reason why distributed analysis at LHCb has been so successful. The newly formed LHCb distributed analysis support team has also proved to be a success.

Williams, Mike; Egede, Ulrik; Paterson, Stuart; LHCb Collaboration

2011-12-01

389

NASA Enterprise Visual Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Enterprise Visual Analysis (NEVA) is a computer program undergoing development as a successor to Launch Services Analysis Tool (LSAT), formerly known as Payload Carrier Analysis Tool (PCAT). NEVA facilitates analyses of proposed configurations of payloads and packing fixtures (e.g. pallets) in a space shuttle payload bay for transport to the International Space Station. NEVA reduces the need to use physical models, mockups, and full-scale ground support equipment in performing such analyses. Using NEVA, one can take account of such diverse considerations as those of weight distribution, geometry, collision avoidance, power requirements, thermal loads, and mechanical loads.

Lopez-Tellado, Maria; DiSanto, Brenda; Humeniuk, Robert; Bard, Richard, Jr.; Little, Mia; Edwards, Robert; Ma, Tien-Chi; Hollifield, Kenneith; White, Chuck

2007-01-01

390

Fourier Analysis Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Fourier Analysis program displays the Fourier transform of a user-defined complex spatial function of position and time. The default spatial function is a time-dependent complex Gaussian. Additional parameters can be specified using the Display | Switch GUI menu item. Fourier Analysis is an Open Source Physics program written for the teaching of mathematical methods in the sciences. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the math_fourier_analysis.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Other mathematical methods programs are also available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Math.

Christian, Wolfgang

2008-05-14

391

Integrated Safety Analysis Tiers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Commercial partnerships and organizational constraints, combined with complex systems, may lead to division of hazard analysis across organizations. This division could cause important hazards to be overlooked, causes to be missed, controls for a hazard to be incomplete, or verifications to be inefficient. Each organization s team must understand at least one level beyond the interface sufficiently enough to comprehend integrated hazards. This paper will discuss various ways to properly divide analysis among organizations. The Ares I launch vehicle integrated safety analyses effort will be utilized to illustrate an approach that addresses the key issues and concerns arising from multiple analysis responsibilities.

Shackelford, Carla; McNairy, Lisa; Wetherholt, Jon

2009-01-01

392

[Emergy analysis of ecosystems].  

PubMed

The concept of emergy and its use for comparing with energy were discussed in this paper. Emergy was defined as the amount of available energy required directly and indirectly to make a product or services, and emergy analysis was based on the solar emergy units (solar emjoules). Emergy provided the methodology with a common basis for measuring the value of different kinds of energy, and for evaluating the contributions from nature and humanity. A comparison of emergy analysis with previous energy analysis was also performed. PMID:11813416

Lan, S; Qin, P

2001-02-01

393

Pitfalls of Data Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article addresses things that people often overlook in their data analysis, ways people sometimes "bend the rules" of statistics to support their viewpoint, and how individuals can make their own statistics clear and accurate.

Clay Helberg (University of Wisconsin Schools of Nursing and Medicine)

1995-06-05

394

Quality in Environmental Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PowerPoint presentation describes the terms and principles of quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) for environmental analysis. The presentation is easy to understand and QA explanations are concise.

Kochert, Cathy

2011-06-27

395

DISCUSS: Critical Path Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module, by Barrie Baker and Neville Hunt of Coventry University, introduces critical path analysis and addresses the following topics: Networks, Critical paths, Floats, Activity-on-node (AON) networks. Excel spreadsheets are used to provide examples and exercises.

Baker, Barrie; Hunt, Neville

2009-04-23

396

Sparse Principal Component Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Principal component analysis (PCA) is widely used in data processing and dimensionality reduction. However, PCA su!ers from the fact that each principal component is a linear combi- nation of all the original variables, thus it is often di\\

Hui Zou; Trevor Hastie; Robert Tibshirani

2004-01-01

397

TFE conceptual design analysis  

SciTech Connect

Various configurations of thermionic fuel elements (TFE) and their main components are considered comparative analysis of TFE characteristics has been carried out. The problems of TFE optimization for different nuclear power plants is solved.

Nikolaev, Yu. V.; Gontar, A. S.; Eryomin, S. A.; Lapochkin, N. Y. [Research Institute of Scientific Industrial Association 'Lutch' Podolsk, Moscow Region, 142100 (Russian Federation)

1997-01-10

398

Particle Size Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a review of research focusing on scattering, elution techniques, electrozone sensing, filtration, centrifugation, comparison of techniques, data analysis, and particle size standards. The review covers the period 1986-1988. (MVL)

Barth, Howard G.; Sun, Shao-Tang

1989-01-01

399

STRATEGIESAREAS EMPLOYERS Cost Analysis  

E-print Network

ECONOMICS STRATEGIESAREAS EMPLOYERS GOVERNMENT Cost Analysis Intelligence Foreign-time, summer, or internship positions in financial service firms. Develop strong interpersonal of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (1992, Revised 1999, Revised 2004) UTK

New Hampshire, University of

400

STRATEGIESAREAS EMPLOYERS Cost Analysis  

E-print Network

ECONOMICS STRATEGIESAREAS EMPLOYERS GOVERNMENT Cost Analysis Intelligence Foreign-time, summer, or internship positions in financial service firms. Develop strong interpersonal more about fields of interest. Prepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services

Kaminsky, Werner

401

Thermal Analysis of Mesophases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report concerns thermotropic mesophases. The important aspect of the contribution of temperature scanning thermal analysis to the phase identification of thermotropic mesophases is discussed. In particular, the detection of mesomorphic phases, the det...

R. D. Ennulat

1968-01-01

402

NASA Hazard Analysis Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews The NASA Hazard Analysis process. The contents include: (1) Significant Incidents and Close Calls in Human Spaceflight; (2) Subsystem Safety Engineering Through the Project Life Cycle; (3) The Risk Informed Design Proce...

G. Deckert

2010-01-01

403

Fluid Inclusion Gas Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Fluid inclusion gas analysis for wells in various geothermal areas. Analyses used in developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy for wells and defining fluids across the geothermal fields. Each sample has mass spectrum counts for 180 chemical species.

Lorie Dilley

2013-01-01

404

Data analysis tasks: BATSE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Miscellaneous tasks related to the operation of, and analysis of data from, the Burst and Transient Experiment (BATSE) on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) were performed. The results are summarized and relevant references are included.

Paciesas, William S.

1993-01-01

405

Statistical Analysis of Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Treatise on statistical analysis of data geared toward students in the advanced physics lab. Includes instructions on using Excel for linear and nonlinear regression and the "delta chi-square equals 1 rule" for finding uncertainties for nonlinear regression.

Deserio, Robert

2009-01-30

406

Countercontrol in behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

Countercontrol is a functional class of behavior that is part of Skinner's analysis of social behavior. Countercontrol refers to behavioral episodes comprised of socially mediated aversive controlling conditions and escape or avoidance responses that do not reinforce, and perhaps even punish, controllers' responses. This paper suggests that neglect of countercontrol in modern behavior analysis is unfortunate because the concept applies to interpersonal and social relations the fundamental operant principle that human behavior is both controlled and controlling—humans are not passive and inflexible. Countercontrol is addressed here in terms of conceptual status, contemporary developments in behavior analysis, its importance in a behavior-analytic approach to freedom and cultural design, applications, and research. The main conclusion is that Skinner's formulation of counter-control is scientifically supported and worthy of increased prominence in behavior analysis. PMID:22478386

Delprato, Dennis J.

2002-01-01

407

Ethnic Dimensions in the Discourse and Identity Strategies of European Converts to Islam in Andalusia and Flanders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comparative analysis of the ethnic dimensions in discourse and identity strategies of European converts to Islam. To highlight the very different conditions which European neo-Muslims face when adopting an ethnicising discourse and\\/or strategies, two divergent settings for study are selected. We present data on Andalusia (Spain) where, in the aftermath of Francoism, Spanish neo-Muslims revitalised Andalusian

Johan Leman; Christiane Stallaert; Iman Lechkar

2010-01-01

408

Anhedonia: A Concept Analysis  

PubMed Central

Anhedonia presents itself in a myriad of disease processes. To further develop our understanding of anhedonia and effective ways to manage it, the concept requires clear boundaries. This paper critically examined the current scientific literature and conducted a concept analysis of anhedonia to provide a more accurate and lucid understanding the concept. As part of the concept analysis, this paper also provides model, borderline, related, and contrary examples of anhedonia. PMID:23706888

Ho, Nancy; Sommers, Marilyn

2013-01-01

409

Sand Sieve Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

John R. Anderson of Georgia Perimeter College has authored this lab experiment on grain size sorting in which students learn about performing a sieve analysis of sand and produce various graphs to represent the data collected. Included are equations for making the graphs and basic information on the importance of sieve analysis and the four useful statistical measurements used to make the graphs. This is a great resource to either the creation or enhancement of an instructors curriculum on this topic.

Anderson, John

2009-05-21

410

PIA: ISOPHOT Interactive Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ISOPHOT is one of the instruments on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). ISOPHOT Interactive Analysis (PIA) is a scientific and calibration interactive data analysis tool for ISOPHOT data reduction. Written in IDL under Xwindows, PIA offers a full context sensitive graphical interface for retrieving, accessing and analyzing ISOPHOT data. It is available in two nearly identical versions; a general observers version omits the calibration sequences.

Gabriel, Carlos; Acosta, Jose; Heinrichsen, Ingolf; Skaley, Detlef; Tai, Wai Ming; Morris, Huw; Merluzzi, Paola

2014-08-01

411

Bioeconomic Analysis and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses bioeconomic analysis and different management strategies in fisheries. It reviews recent developments,\\u000a which show the need to expand the analysis to multispecies fisheries and management. Significant gains can be made if the\\u000a interdependencies between species and\\/or jointness in inputs for many fisheries are identified. Both common property resource\\u000a management and individual transferable quotas (ITQs) can be fruitful

Håkan Eggert

1998-01-01

412

CMS analysis operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During normal data taking CMS expects to support potentially as many as 2000 analysis users. Since the beginning of 2008 there have been more than 800 individuals who submitted a remote analysis job to the CMS computing infrastructure. The bulk of these users will be supported at the over 40 CMS Tier-2 centres. Supporting a globally distributed community of users on a globally distributed set of computing clusters is a task that requires reconsidering the normal methods of user support for Analysis Operations. In 2008 CMS formed an Analysis Support Task Force in preparation for large-scale physics analysis activities. The charge of the task force was to evaluate the available support tools, the user support techniques, and the direct feedback of users with the goal of improving the success rate and user experience when utilizing the distributed computing environment. The task force determined the tools needed to assess and reduce the number of non-zero exit code applications submitted through the grid interfaces and worked with the CMS experiment dashboard developers to obtain the necessary information to quickly and proactively identify issues with user jobs and data sets hosted at various sites. Results of the analysis group surveys were compiled. Reference platforms for testing and debugging problems were established in various geographic regions. The task force also assessed the resources needed to make the transition to a permanent Analysis Operations task. In this presentation the results of the task force will be discussed as well as the CMS Analysis Operations plans for the start of data taking.

Andreeva, J.; Calloni, M.; Colling, D.; Fanzago, F.; D'Hondt, J.; Klem, J.; Maier, G.; Letts, J.; Maes, J.; Padhi, S.; Sarkar, S.; Spiga, D.; Van Mulders, P.; Villella, I.

2010-04-01

413

ESF BLAST DESIGN ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose and objective of this design analysis are to develop controls considered necessary and sufficient to implement the requirements for the controlled drilling and blasting excavation of operations support alcoves and test support alcoves in the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF). The conclusions reached in this analysis will flow down into a construction specification ensuring controlled drilling and blasting excavation will be performed within the bounds established here.

E.F. fitch

1995-03-13

414

Chromatographic analysis of bisphorphonates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chromatographic analysis of bisphosphonates in the past has been based primarily on reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) and ion-exchange chromatography. Gas chromatography (GC) and recently even capillary electrophoresis have also been employed. For bioanalysis, pre-treatment of the sample is a major part of the analysis; protein precipitation, calcium precipitation, solid-phase extraction (SPE) and derivatization have demonstrated to play an important role

Rolf W. Sparidans; Jan den Hartigh

1999-01-01

415

When discourses collide: creationism and evolution in the public sphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review essay focuses on Özgür Ta?k?n's discussion of the theory of evolution (TOE), intelligent design (ID) and the convictions of fundamentalist science educators and students in his paper entitled: An exploratory examination of Islamic values in science education: Islamization of science teaching and learning via constructivism. It examines the competing social discourses of evolution and creationism in the United States, which is partially maintained by national public opinion polls and states' legislation about the TOE in the science curricula. The examination of US social discourses presented here is framed by James Gee's (2008) theory that Discourses with a capital "D," are unconscious and uncritical socially accepted ways of speaking/listening and writing/reading that are merged with "distinctive ways of acting, interacting, valuing, feeling, dressing, thinking, [and] believing…so as to enact specific socially recognizable identities…" (p. 155). Such Discourses identify insiders of and outsiders to religious affiliations and other social or cultural groups. The context of this examination is unique in that is draws from the national conversation about the inclusion of ID alongside of the TOE in the public school science programs. Gee's (2011) concept that Discourses serve as tools of inquiry guides the analysis of video recorded public messages from Bill Nye and Lawrence Krauss as well as Creation Museum president Ken Ham. The analysis and discussion of the national conversation about creationism and public education suggests that the education community must consider the global landscape of science literacy both locally and internationally. It also indicates that preservice and practicing science educators may require special training and support. In order to provide unbiased, religious-resistant, evidence-based science instruction, science educators must understand how to separate church from state regardless of their personal beliefs. They must also know how to navigate conversations about the TOE among diverse communities of learners that include both religiously and non-religiously affiliated students.

Dávila, Denise

2014-02-01

416

Chernobyl Deconstruction ALARA Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium has recently completed the conceptual design for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement (NSC). Battelle has the scope of work related to environment and safety of the design. As part of the safety analysis, an ALARA analysis was performed for deconstruction of the major, unstable elements of the Shelter Object over the destroyed Unit 4 of the reactor complex. The major elements addressed in the analysis included the current roof sections and the major beams supporting the roof sections. The analysis was based on the existing configuration of the Shelter Object, the developing conceptual design of the NSC arch structure, the developing conceptual design of the facilities within and associated with the NSC (including handling and processing of deconstructed elements, and waste management), and existing Ukranian regulations and working processes and procedures. KSK (a Ukranian Consortium) is a subcontractor to the Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium and performed much of the dose analysis. The analysis concluded that ALARA could be achieved with appropriate implementation of existing Ukrainian regulations and procedures, and developing conceptual design criteria and features.

Shipler, Dillard B.; Batiy, Valeriy; Povlovsky, Leonid; Schmidt, John P.; Schmieman, Eric A.

2004-03-24

417

Real Time Spectral Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For signal analysis, Fourier transform and linear prediction methods are the main approaches. In recent years, wavelet transform which gives the expression of time-frequency domain has been receiving attention. In the wavelet transform, scale and shift operations are used to analyze regional waves in signal. In this paper, we propose a new method for signal analysis. Instead of the wavelet, short sine waves and short cosine waves which have slightly different frequencies and phases established beforehand are used. These frequencies and phases play the same role as a wavelet to analyze a regional wave in signal. However, our proposed method is different from the wavelet transform because it does not use multi-resolution analysis. In conventional spectral analysis methods, all data are prepared beforehand and calculations are carried out using these data. In our proposed method, spectrum is updated whenever the new signal data comes in. We show that the amount of calculation takes a remarkable reduction and it realizes real time spectral analysis. Finally, we show the vocal sounds analysis using the proposed method.

Nakatsuji, Hideto; Omatu, Sigeru

418

Probabilistic Structural Analysis Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA/NESSUS 6.2c is a general-purpose, probabilistic analysis program that computes probability of failure and probabilistic sensitivity measures of engineered systems. Because NASA/NESSUS uses highly computationally efficient and accurate analysis techniques, probabilistic solutions can be obtained even for extremely large and complex models. Once the probabilistic response is quantified, the results can be used to support risk-informed decisions regarding reliability for safety-critical and one-of-a-kind systems, as well as for maintaining a level of quality while reducing manufacturing costs for larger-quantity products. NASA/NESSUS has been successfully applied to a diverse range of problems in aerospace, gas turbine engines, biomechanics, pipelines, defense, weaponry, and infrastructure. This program combines state-of-the-art probabilistic algorithms with general-purpose structural analysis and lifting methods to compute the probabilistic response and reliability of engineered structures. Uncertainties in load, material properties, geometry, boundary conditions, and initial conditions can be simulated. The structural analysis methods include non-linear finite-element methods, heat-transfer analysis, polymer/ceramic matrix composite analysis, monolithic (conventional metallic) materials life-prediction methodologies, boundary element methods, and user-written subroutines. Several probabilistic algorithms are available such as the advanced mean value method and the adaptive importance sampling method. NASA/NESSUS 6.2c is structured in a modular format with 15 elements.

Pai, Shantaram S.; Chamis, Christos C.; Murthy, Pappu L. N.; Stefko, George L.; Riha, David S.; Thacker, Ben H.; Nagpal, Vinod K.; Mital, Subodh K.

2010-01-01

419

Conflict Pattern Analysis: Preparing the Ground for Participation in Policy Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of non-state actors in implementation processes is often understood as a means to increase compliance efficiency.\\u000a But the implementation of spatial policies frequently focuses on pre-established goals, processes and instruments and thus\\u000a renders difficult open discourse and shared decision-making. This paper introduces conflict pattern analysis (CPA) as a tool\\u000a that supports the analysis of the actual actor constellation

Alexandra Sauer

2008-01-01

420

Positioning and Interpretative Repertoires: Conversation Analysis and Post-Structuralism in Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on Schegloff's (1997) comments on critical discourse analysis and evaluates their force in relation to the analysis of a segment of a group discussion with three young white middle-class men concerning an episode in one of the participant's recent sexual history. The post-structuralist-influenced writings of Laclau and Mouffe (1985, 1987) are presented as an alternative analytic frame

Margaret Wetherell

1998-01-01

421

Proc. 22nd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society CogSci '2000, Philadelphia, pp. 262267. (corr. 6/5/00). Learning the Use of Discourse Markers in Tutorial Dialogue  

E-print Network

of Pittsburgh 3939 O'Hara St. Pittsburgh, PA 15260 Abstract Usage of discourse markers in tutorial language can. In Rhetorical Structure Theory, discourse markers mark rhetorical relations between segments (Mann and Thompson combines Grosz and Sidner's type of analysis with Rhetorical Structure Theory. They derived rules

422

Inception report and Gap analysis  

E-print Network

Inception report and Gap analysis Boiler inspection Riga, June 2004 #12;Inception report and gap analysis ­ boiler inspection Table of Content 1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................. 3 2 BOILER INSTALLATIONS ­ GAP ANALYSIS

423

Context & motivation A posteriori analysis  

E-print Network

Context & motivation A posteriori analysis Chemical system: supercritical hydrogen oxidation & motivation A posteriori analysis Chemical system: supercritical hydrogen oxidation Conclusions An issue, O. Le Maître Dual-based error analysis for uncertainty quantification #12;Context & motivation

Mathelin, Lionel

424

Lay theories of anorexia nervosa: a discourse analytic study.  

PubMed

Previous studies on lay theories of anorexia nervosa have examined the 'accuracy' of lay knowledge, and the identification of factors by family and friends that would encourage early interventions (Huon, Brown, & Morris, 1988, 7, 239-252; Murray, Touyz, & Beumont, 1990, 9, 87-93). In contrast to these approaches, we examine lay theories of anorexia nervosa using a critical psychology perspective. We argue that the use of a discourse analysis methodology enables the examination of the construction of lay theories through dominant concepts and ideas. Ten semi-structured interviews with five women and five men aged between 15 and 25 years were carried out. Participants were asked questions about three main aspects of anorexia nervosa: aetiology, treatment and relationship to gender. Each interview was analysed in terms of the structure, function and variability of discourse. Three discourses: sociocultural, individual and femininity, are discussed in relation to the interview questions. We conclude that, in this study, lay theories of anorexia nervosa were structured through key discourses that maintained a separation between sociocultural aspects of anorexia nervosa and individual psychology. This separation exists in dominant psychomedical conceptualizations of anorexia nervosa, reinforcing the concept that it is a form of psychopathology. PMID:22021434

Benveniste, J; Lecouteur, A; Hepworth, J

1999-01-01

425

Neutron multiplicity analysis tool  

SciTech Connect

I describe the capabilities of the EXCOM (EXcel based COincidence and Multiplicity) calculation tool which is used to analyze experimental data or simulated neutron multiplicity data. The input to the program is the count-rate data (including the multiplicity distribution) for a measurement, the isotopic composition of the sample and relevant dates. The program carries out deadtime correction and background subtraction and then performs a number of analyses. These are: passive calibration curve, known alpha and multiplicity analysis. The latter is done with both the point model and with the weighted point model. In the current application EXCOM carries out the rapid analysis of Monte Carlo calculated quantities and allows the user to determine the magnitude of sample perturbations that lead to systematic errors. Neutron multiplicity counting is an assay method used in the analysis of plutonium for safeguards applications. It is widely used in nuclear material accountancy by international (IAEA) and national inspectors. The method uses the measurement of the correlations in a pulse train to extract information on the spontaneous fission rate in the presence of neutrons from ({alpha},n) reactions and induced fission. The measurement is relatively simple to perform and gives results very quickly ({le} 1 hour). By contrast, destructive analysis techniques are extremely costly and time consuming (several days). By improving the achievable accuracy of neutron multiplicity counting, a nondestructive analysis technique, it could be possible to reduce the use of destructive analysis measurements required in safeguards applications. The accuracy of a neutron multiplicity measurement can be affected by a number of variables such as density, isotopic composition, chemical composition and moisture in the material. In order to determine the magnitude of these effects on the measured plutonium mass a calculational tool, EXCOM, has been produced using VBA within Excel. This program was developed to help speed the analysis of Monte Carlo neutron transport simulation (MCNP) data, and only requires the count-rate data to calculate the mass of material using INCC's analysis methods instead of the full neutron multiplicity distribution required to run analysis in INCC. This paper describes what is implemented within EXCOM, including the methods used, how the program corrects for deadtime, and how uncertainty is calculated. This paper also describes how to use EXCOM within Excel.

Stewart, Scott L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01

426

Program risk analysis handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA regulations specify that formal risk analysis be performed on a program at each of several milestones. Program risk analysis is discussed as a systems analysis approach, an iterative process (identification, assessment, management), and a collection of techniques. These techniques, which range from extremely simple to complex network-based simulation, are described in this handbook in order to provide both analyst and manager with a guide for selection of the most appropriate technique. All program risk assessment techniques are shown to be based on elicitation and encoding of subjective probability estimates from the various area experts on a program. Techniques to encode the five most common distribution types are given. Then, a total of twelve distinct approaches to risk assessment are given. Steps involved, good and bad points, time involved, and degree of computer support needed are listed. Why risk analysis should be used by all NASA program managers is discussed. Tools available at NASA-MSFC are identified, along with commercially available software. Bibliography (150 entries) and a program risk analysis check-list are provided.

Batson, R. G.

1987-01-01

427

SSC Engineering Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A package for the automation of the Engineering Analysis (EA) process at the Stennis Space Center has been customized. It provides the ability to assign and track analysis tasks electronically, and electronically route a task for approval. It now provides a mechanism to keep these analyses under configuration management. It also allows the analysis to be stored and linked to the engineering data that is needed to perform the analysis (drawings, etc.). PTC s (Parametric Technology Corp o ration) Windchill product was customized to allow the EA to be created, routed, and maintained under configuration management. Using Infoengine Tasks, JSP (JavaServer Pages), Javascript, a user interface was created within the Windchill product that allows users to create EAs. Not only does this interface allow users to create and track EAs, but it plugs directly into the out-ofthe- box ability to associate these analyses with other relevant engineering data such as drawings. Also, using the Windchill workflow tool, the Design and Data Management System (DDMS) team created an electronic routing process based on the manual/informal approval process. The team also added the ability for users to notify and track notifications to individuals about the EA. Prior to the Engineering Analysis creation, there was no electronic way of creating and tracking these analyses. There was also a feature that was added that would allow users to track/log e-mail notifications of the EA.

Ryan, Harry; Junell, Justin; Albasini, Colby; O'Rourke, William; Le, Thang; Strain, Ted; Stiglets, Tim

2011-01-01

428

Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis: Sample analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Exposure conditions in atomic oxygen (ESCA) was performed on an SSL-100/206 Small Spot Spectrometer. All data were taken with the use of a low voltage electron flood gun and a charge neutralization screen to minimize charging effects on the data. The X-ray spot size and electron flood gun voltage used are recorded on the individual spectra as are the instrumental resolutions. Two types of spectra were obtained for each specimen: (1) general surveys, and (2) high resolution spectra. The two types of data reduction performed are: (1) semiquantitative compositional analysis, and (2) peak fitting. The materials analyzed are: (1) kapton 4, 5, and 6, (2) HDPE 19, 20, and 21, and (3) PVDF 4, 5, and 6.

Carter, W. B.

1989-01-01

429

Discourses of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lecture discusses the concept of lifestyle, which emerged in the field of marketing in the 1970s, as a new, and increasingly pervasive, discourse of identity cutting through older "demographic" discourses. Distributed by mediated experts and role models, and realized through the semiotics of "composites of connotation", it redraws the…

Van Leeuwen, Theo

2009-01-01

430

Technocratic Discourse: A Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes linguistic and semantic features of technocratic discourse using a Systemic Functional Linguistics framework. Asserts that the function of technocratic discourse in public policy is to advocate and promulgate a highly contentious political and economic agenda under the guise of scientific objectivity and political impartiality. Provides…

McKenna, Bernard J.; Graham, Philip

2000-01-01

431

One sense per discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well-known that there are polysemous words like appears two or more times in a well-written discourse, it is extremely likely that they will all share the same sense. This paper describes an experiment which confirmed this hypothesis and found that the tendency to share sense in the same discourse is extremely strong (98%). This result can be used

William A. Gale; Kenneth W. Church; David Yarowsky

1992-01-01

432

Profiles of Discourse Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discourse recognition theory derived from more general memory formulations would be broad in its psychological implications. This study compared discourse recognition with some established profiles of item recognition. Participants read 10 stories either once or twice each. They then rated their confidence in recognizing explicit, paraphrased,…

Singer, Murray

2013-01-01

433

COI Structural Analysis Presentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report discusses the structural analysis of the Next Generation Space Telescope Mirror System Demonstrator (NMSD) developed by Composite Optics Incorporated (COI) in support of the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST) project. The mirror was submitted to Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) for cryogenic testing and evaluation. Once at MSFC, the mirror was lowered to approximately 40 K and the optical surface distortions were measured. Alongside this experiment, an analytical model was developed and used to compare to the test results. A NASTRAN finite element model was provided by COI and a thermal model was developed from it. Using the thermal model, steady state nodal temperatures were calculated based on the predicted environment of the large cryogenic test chamber at MSFC. This temperature distribution was applied in the structural analysis to solve for the deflections of the optical surface. Finally, these deflections were submitted for optical analysis and comparison to the interferometer test data.

Cline, Todd; Stahl, H. Philip (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

434

The Ensembl Analysis Pipeline  

PubMed Central

The Ensembl pipeline is an extension to the Ensembl system which allows automated annotation of genomic sequence. The software comprises two parts. First, there is a set of Perl modules (“Runnables” and “RunnableDBs”) which are `wrappers' for a variety of commonly used analysis tools. These retrieve sequence data from a relational database, run the analysis, and write the results back to the database. They inherit from a common interface, which simplifies the writing of new wrapper modules. On top of this sits a job submission system (the “RuleManager”) which allows efficient and reliable submission of large numbers of jobs to a compute farm. Here we describe the fundamental software components of the pipeline, and we also highlight some features of the Sanger installation which were necessary to enable the pipeline to scale to whole-genome analysis. PMID:15123589

Potter, Simon C.; Clarke, Laura; Curwen, Val; Keenan, Stephen; Mongin, Emmanuel; Searle, Stephen M.J.; Stabenau, Arne; Storey, Roy; Clamp, Michele

2004-01-01

435

Contamination analysis unit  

DOEpatents

The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantities of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surfaces by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics. It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings. 1 fig.

Gregg, H.R.; Meltzer, M.P.

1996-05-28

436

Glycoproteomic Analysis of Antibodies*  

PubMed Central

Antibody glycosylation has been shown to change with various processes. This review presents mass spectrometric approaches for antibody glycosylation analysis at the level of released glycans, glycopeptides, and intact protein. With regard to IgG fragment crystallizable glycosylation, mass spectrometry has shown its potential for subclass-specific, high-throughput analysis. In contrast, because of the vast heterogeneity of peptide moieties, fragment antigen binding glycosylation analysis of polyclonal IgG relies entirely on glycan release. Next to IgG, IgA has gained some attention, and studies of its O- and N-glycosylation have revealed disease-associated glycosylation changes. Glycoproteomic analyses of IgM and IgE are lagging behind but should complete our picture of glycosylation's influence on antibody function. PMID:23325769

Zauner, Gerhild; Selman, Maurice H. J.; Bondt, Albert; Rombouts, Yoann; Blank, Dennis; Deelder, Andre M.; Wuhrer, Manfred

2013-01-01

437

Storage battery systems analysis  

SciTech Connect

Storage Battery Systems Analysis supports the battery Exploratory Technology Development and Testing Project with technical and economic analysis of battery systems in various end-use applications. Computer modeling and simulation techniques are used in the analyses. Analysis objectives are achieved through both in-house efforts and outside contracts. In-house studies during FY82 included a study of the relationship between storage battery system reliability and cost, through cost-of-investment and cost-of-service interruption inputs; revision and update of the SOLSTOR computer code in standard FORTRAN 77 form; parametric studies of residential stand-alone photovoltaic systems using the SOLSTOR code; simulation of wind turbine collector/storage battery systems for the community of Kalaupapa, Molokai, Hawaii.

Murphy, K.D.

1982-01-01

438

Change control and analysis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose is to sensitize the user to the need for change control in on-going systems and the institution of safety-related counter-changes. It emphasizes the need for after-the-fact analyses of changes and differences as potential causal factors of accidents and incidents. It should provide managers, supervisors, and safety specialists with concepts, information, and techniques for use in the control and analysis of unwanted change. This document contains various change analysis worksheets to aid the user in the initial steps of change analysis. These worksheets intended as examples which might inspire the reader to do some creative thinking which will produce the needed job-related change control methods.

Bullock, M.G.

1981-03-01

439

Contamination analysis unit  

DOEpatents

The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantifies of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surface by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings.

Gregg, Hugh R. (Livermore, CA); Meltzer, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01

440

Concept analysis of mentoring.  

PubMed

The purpose of a concept analysis is to examine the structure and function of a concept by defining its attributes and internal structure. Concept analysis can clarify an overused or vague concept and promote mutual understanding by providing a precise operational definition. Mentoring is a concept more fully used by other fields, such as business, than in nursing and may not always translate well for use in nursing. Therefore, clarifying the meaning of the existing concept of mentoring and developing an operational definition for use in nursing are aims of this concept analysis. Mentoring is broadly based and concentrates on developing areas such as career progression, scholarly achievements, and personal development. Mentoring relationships are based around developing reciprocity and accountability between each partner. Mentoring is seen related to transition in practice, role acquisition, and socialization, as a way to support new colleagues. Mentorship is related to nurses' success in nursing practice linked to professionalism, nursing quality improvement, and self-confidence. PMID:24042140

2013-10-01

441

Flood Frequency Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Flood Frequency Analysis module offers an introduction to the use of flood frequency analysis for flood prediction and planning. Through use of rich illustrations, animations, and interactions, this module explains the basic concepts, underlying issues, and methods for analyzing flood data. Common concepts such as the 100-year flood and return periods as well as issues affecting the statistical representation of floods are discussed. Common flood data analysis methods as well as an overview of design events are also covered. As a foundation topic for the Basic Hydrologic Science course, this module may be taken on its own, but it will also be available as a supporting topic providing factual scientific information to support students in completion of the case-based forecasting modules.

Comet

2006-10-10

442

Budget impact analysis.  

PubMed

A budget impact analysis (BIA) is used to assess whether the adoption of a new health technology is affordable, given the resource and budget constraints of the context. Increasingly, BIAs are coming to be viewed as an important-if not essential-part of health technology assessment (HTA). BIA data is often examined in conjunction with cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) data to help inform decisions makers when developing reimbursement policies within the resource constraints of their health care system. This article presents a review of existing BIA guidelines from around the world and makes some initial recommendations for the development of Thai BIA guidelines, as part of the newly-developed Economic Evaluation guidelines for Thailand. Initial recommendations include guidelines on appropriate analytic framework design, study design, perspective, scenarios for comparison, target population, costing and resource use, uncertainty analysis, and discounting. PMID:24964701

Leelahavarong, Pattara

2014-05-01

443

Power electronics reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the DOE and industry with a general process for analyzing power electronics reliability. The analysis can help with understanding the main causes of failures, downtime, and cost and how to reduce them. One approach is to collect field maintenance data and use it directly to calculate reliability metrics related to each cause. Another approach is to model the functional structure of the equipment using a fault tree to derive system reliability from component reliability. Analysis of a fictitious device demonstrates the latter process. Optimization can use the resulting baseline model to decide how to improve reliability and/or lower costs. It is recommended that both electric utilities and equipment manufacturers make provisions to collect and share data in order to lay the groundwork for improving reliability into the future. Reliability analysis helps guide reliability improvements in hardware and software technology including condition monitoring and prognostics and health management.

Smith, Mark A.; Atcitty, Stanley

2009-12-01

444

ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND HAZARD ANALYSIS FOR HUMAN AND ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS  

E-print Network

1 ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND HAZARD ANALYSIS FOR HUMAN AND ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS by MARGARET V #12;2 [Page intentionally left blank] #12;3 ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND HAZARD ANALYSIS FOR HUMAN play in system safety during the development of these systems, accidents will occur. Safe design

Leveson, Nancy

445

Germanium-76 Sample Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is a large array of ultra-low background high-purity germanium detectors, enriched in 76Ge, designed to search for zero-neutrino double-beta decay (0???). The DEMONSTRATOR will utilize 76Ge from Russia, and the first one gram sample was received from the supplier for analysis on April 24, 2011. The Environmental Molecular Sciences facility, a DOE user facility at PNNL, was used to make the required isotopic and chemical purity measurements that are essential to the quality assurance for the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR. The results of this first analysis are reported here.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Zhu, Zihua

2011-04-01

446

Pulsar analysis within COMPASS.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The COMPASS system is a large software package, involving several subsystems, whose development has been 'shared' by the four institutes of the COMPTEL Collaboration. A principle goal of the COMPTEL mission is the observation of point sources whose emission, in gamma or in other energy bands, is pulsed. In order to search for periodicity in the gamma-ray emission from these sources and from the new COMPTEL-detected sources, the COMPASS subsystem PUL (for "PULsar analysis") has been designed. In this paper a description of the PUL performance, with the adopted analysis methods, is given.

Busetta, M.; Bennett, K.; Buccheri, R.; Clear, J.; Diehl, R.; den Herder, J. W.; Hermsen, W.; Kuiper, L.; Lockwood, J.; McConnell, M.; Ryan, J.; Schönfelder, V.; Strong, A.; Taylor, B. G.; Winkler, C.

447

WATER SUPPLY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

This analysis defines and evaluates the surface water supply system from the existing J-13 well to the North Portal. This system includes the pipe running from J-13 to a proposed Booster Pump Station at the intersection of H Road and the North Portal access road. Contained herein is an analysis of the proposed Booster Pump Station with a brief description of the system that could be installed to the South Portal and the optional shaft. The tanks that supply the water to the North Portal are sized, and the supply system to the North Portal facilities and up to Topopah Spring North Ramp is defined.

R.D. Clark

1996-02-06

448

DIPSO: Spectrum analysis code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DIPSO plots spectroscopic data rapidly and combines analysis and high-quality graphical output in a simple command-line driven interactive environment. It can be used, for example, to fit emission lines, measure equivalent widths and fluxes, do Fourier analysis, and fit models to spectra. A macro facility allows convenient execution of regularly used sequences of commands, and a simple Fortran interface permits "personal" software to be integrated with the program. DIPSO is part of the Starlink software collection (ascl:1110.012).

Howarth, I. D.; Murray, J.; Mills, D.; Berry, David S.

2014-05-01

449

Analysis of spacecraft data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software program for the production and analysis of data from the Dynamics Explorer-A (DE-A) satellite was maintained and modified and new software initiated. A capability was developed to process DE-A plasma-wave instrument mission analysis files on the Tektronic 4027 color CRT, for which two programs were written. The algorithm for the calibration lookup table for the plasma-wave instrument data was modified and verified, and a production program to generate color FR-80 spectrograms was written.

1984-01-01

450

Amino acid analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The process and apparatus for qualitative and quantitative analysis of the amino acid content of a biological sample are presented. The sample is deposited on a cation exchange resin and then is washed with suitable solvents. The amino acids and various cations and organic material with a basic function remain on the resin. The resin is eluted with an acid eluant, and the eluate containing the amino acids is transferred to a reaction vessel where the eluant is removed. Final analysis of the purified acylated amino acid esters is accomplished by gas-liquid chromatographic techniques.

Winitz, M.; Graff, J. (inventors)

1974-01-01

451

Flow Analysis Software Toolkit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flow Analysis Software Toolkit (FAST) computer program provides software environment facilitating visualization of data. Collection of separate programs (modules) running simultaneously and helps user to examine results of numerical and experimental simulations. Intended for graphical depiction of computed flows, also assists in analysis of other types of data. Combines capabilities of such programs as PLOT3D, RIP, SURF, and GAS into one software environment with modules sharing data. All modules have consistent, highly interactive graphical user interface. Modular construction makes it flexible and extensible. Environment custom-configured, and new modules developed and added as needed. Written in ANSI compliant FORTRAN 77 and C language.

Watson, Velvin; Castagnera, Karen; Plessel, Todd; Merritt, Fergus; Kelaita, Paul; West, John; Sandstrom, Tim; Clucas, Jean; Globus, AL; Bancroft, Gordon; Williams, Jason; Walatka, Pam; Semans, John; Neeley, Robert; Gumbert, Clyde; Chaussee, Mark

1993-01-01

452

Marine Modeling and Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Marine Modeling and Analysis Branch (MMAB) of the Environmental Modeling Center is responsible for the development of improved numerical weather and marine prediction modeling systems. These models provide analysis and real-time forecast guidance on marine meteorological, oceanographic, and cryospheric parameters over the global oceans and coastal areas of the US. This site provides access to MMAB modeling tools for ocean waves (including an interactive presentation,) sea ice, marine meteorology, sea surface temperature and more. The site also features a mailing list, bibliography of publications, and information about modeling products still in the experimental and development phases.

National Centers For Environmental Prediction, National O.

453

Space shuttle navigation analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A detailed analysis of space shuttle navigation for each of the major mission phases is presented. A covariance analysis program for prelaunch IMU calibration and alignment for the orbital flight tests (OFT) is described, and a partial error budget is presented. The ascent, orbital operations and deorbit maneuver study considered GPS-aided inertial navigation in the Phase III GPS (1984+) time frame. The entry and landing study evaluated navigation performance for the OFT baseline system. Detailed error budgets and sensitivity analyses are provided for both the ascent and entry studies.

Jones, H. L.; Luders, G.; Matchett, G. A.; Sciabarrasi, J. E.

1976-01-01

454

Stochastic decision analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Small space flight project design at NASA Langley Research Center goes through a multi-phase process from preliminary analysis to flight operations. The process insures that each system achieves its technical objectives with demonstrated quality and within planned budgets and schedules. A key technical component of early phases is decision analysis, which is a structure procedure for determining the best of a number of feasible concepts based upon project objectives. Feasible system concepts are generated by the designers and analyzed for schedule, cost, risk, and technical measures. Each performance measure value is normalized between the best and worst values and a weighted average score of all measures is calculated for each concept. The concept(s) with the highest scores are retained, while others are eliminated from further analysis. This project automated and enhanced the decision analysis process. Automation of the decision analysis process was done by creating a user-friendly, menu-driven, spreadsheet macro based decision analysis software program. The program contains data entry dialog boxes, automated data and output report generation, and automated output chart generation. The enhancements to the decision analysis process permit stochastic data entry and analysis. Rather than enter single measure values, the designers enter the range and most likely value for each measure and concept. The data can be entered at the system or subsystem level. System level data can be calculated as either sum, maximum, or product functions of the subsystem data. For each concept, the probability distributions are approximated for each measure and the total score for each concept as either constant, triangular, normal, or log-normal distributions. Based on these distributions, formulas are derived for the probability that the concept meets any given constraint, the probability that the concept meets all constraints, and the probability that the concept is within a given amount of the best score. Formulas are also derived for the probability that one concept's total score is within a given amount of a second concept's total score. These probabilistic calculations provide more realistic data entry and output information for designers, enabling designers to better determine which concepts to eliminate and which concepts to retain at the decision points of each design phase.

Lacksonen, Thomas A.

1994-01-01

455

Quantitative Hydrocarbon Surface Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The elimination of ozone depleting substances, such as carbon tetrachloride, has resulted in the use of new analytical techniques for cleanliness verification and contamination sampling. The last remaining application at Rocketdyne which required a replacement technique was the quantitative analysis of hydrocarbons by infrared spectrometry. This application, which previously utilized carbon tetrachloride, was successfully modified using the SOC-400, a compact portable FTIR manufactured by Surface Optics Corporation. This instrument can quantitatively measure and identify hydrocarbons from solvent flush of hardware as well as directly analyze the surface of metallic components without the use of ozone depleting chemicals. Several sampling accessories are utilized to perform analysis for various applications.

Douglas, Vonnie M.

2000-01-01

456

Biomedical systems analysis program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Biomedical monitoring programs which were developed to provide a system analysis context for a unified hypothesis for adaptation to space flight are presented and discussed. A real-time system of data analysis and decision making to assure the greatest possible crew safety and mission success is described. Information about man's abilities, limitations, and characteristic reactions to weightless space flight was analyzed and simulation models were developed. The predictive capabilities of simulation models for fluid-electrolyte regulation, erythropoiesis regulation, and calcium regulation are discussed.

1979-01-01

457

Analysis of swimming motions.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents an analysis of swimming motion with specific attention given to the flutter kick, the breast-stroke kick, and the breast stroke. The analysis is completely theoretical. It employs a mathematical model of the human body consisting of frustrums of elliptical cones. Dynamical equations are written for this model including both viscous and inertia forces. These equations are then applied with approximated swimming strokes and solved numerically using a digital computer. The procedure is to specify the input of the swimming motion. The computer solution then provides the output displacement, velocity, and rotation or body roll of the swimmer.

Gallenstein, J.; Huston, R. L.

1973-01-01

458

Inertial navigation systems analysis.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This volume offers the avionic systems engineer a fundamental exposition of the mechanization and error analysis of inertial navigation systems. While the material is applicable to spacecraft and undersea navigation, emphasis is placed upon terrestrial applications on or slightly above the earth's surface. As a result, practical considerations are geared toward those aircraft navigation systems of particular current interest. Extensive use is made of perturbation techniques to develop linearized system equations, whose solutions closely approximate those obtained by nonlinear differential equations. A unified error analysis technique is developed that is applicable to virtually all system configurations. The technique provides a greatly simplified method for comparing the performance of competing system configurations.

Britting, K. R.

1971-01-01

459

Learning Talk Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the beginning, second language acquisition (SLA) studies have been predominantly cognitive in their theoretical assumptions and programmatic agendas. This is still largely true today. In this paper, we set out our proposals for learning talk analysis (LTA). LTA synthesizes insights from linguistic philosophy, ethnomethodology, conversation…

Markee, Numa; Seo, Mi-Suk

2009-01-01

460

VENTILATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of a project to develop a systems analysis of ventilation technology and provide a state-of-the-art assessment of ventilation and indoor air quality (IAQ) research needs. (NOTE: Ventilation technology is defined as the hardware necessary to bring outdoor ...

461

Trace analysis in EPMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace element micro-analysis has evolved steadily since the early days of EPMA, yet remains an extraordinarily challenging subject. The enhanced capabilities of modern instrumentation, including the use of spectrometers with high X-ray collection efficiencies, high brightness electron sources, and improved stability all contribute to our ability to improve detection limits and analytical spatial resolution. Along with much improved software for

M J Jercinovic; M L Williams; J Allaz; J J Donovan

2012-01-01

462

Shot loading trainer analysis  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the results from the analysis of the shot loading trainer (SLT). This device will be used to test the procedure for installing shot into the annulus of the Project W-320 shipping container. To ensure that the shot is installed uniformly around the container, vibrators will be used to settle the shot. The SLT was analyzed to ensure that it would not jeopardize worker safety during operation. The results from the static analysis of the SLT under deadweight and vibrator operating loads show that the stresses in the SLT are below code allowables. The results from the modal analysis show that the natural frequencies of the SLT are far below the operating frequencies of the vibrators, provided the SLT is mounted on pneumatic tires. The SLT was also analyzed for wind, seismic, deadweight, and moving/transporting loads. Analysis of the SLT is in accordance with SDC-4.1 for safety class 3 structures (DOE-RL 1993) and the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) Manual of Steel Construction (AISC 1989).

Peterson, T.K.

1995-02-15

463

Learning: An Evolutionary Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on the philosophy of Karl Popper to present a descriptive evolutionary epistemology that offers philosophical solutions to the following related problems: "What happens when learning takes place?" and "What happens in human learning?" It provides a detailed analysis of how learning takes place without any direct transfer of…

Swann, Joanna

2009-01-01

464

Meteoritic Sulfur Isotopic Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Funds were requested to continue our program in meteoritic sulfur isotopic analysis. We have recently detected a potential nucleosynthetic sulfur isotopic anomaly. We will search for potential carriers. The documentation of bulk systematics and the possible relation to nebular chemistry and oxygen isotopes will be explored. Analytical techniques for delta33, delta34S, delta36S isotopic analysis were improved. Analysis ofmilligram samples is now possible. A possible relation between sulfur isotopes and oxygen was detected, with similar group systematics noted, particularly in the case of aubrites, ureilites and entstatite chondrites. A possible nucleosynthetic excess S-33 has been noted in bulk ureilites and an oldhamite separate from Norton County. High energy proton (approximately 1 GeV) bombardments of iron foils were done to experimentally determine S-33, S-36 spallogenic yields for quantitation of isotopic measurements in iron meteorites. Techniques for measurement of mineral separates were perfected and an analysis program initiated. The systematic behavior of bulk sulfur isotopes will continue to be explored.

Thiemens, Mark H.

1996-01-01

465

Sample Analysis at Mars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced techniques to carry out Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) and reveal the nature of present or ancient biotic or prebiotic processes are described. The focus is the search for the location and nature of organic molecules and their chemical context in rock, ice, and atmospheric samples.

W. B. Brinckerhoff; P. R. Mahaffy; M. Cabane; S. K. Atreya; P. Coll; T. J. Cornish; D. N. Harpold; G. Israel; H. B. Niemann; T. Owen; F. Raulin

2003-01-01

466

Infrastructure analysis system (IAS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Senior Policy Group, advisors to managers of the National Capital Region (DC, MD, VA) needs a decision aid tool to help in appropriating critical infrastructure protection funds. The proposed system is designed to work with data from energy, water, and healthcare sectors. The system addresses the combined problem of network degradation, and analysis. The system will also provide planning

Y. M. Ashparie; Oluwaseyi Pius Bashorun; Greg Joseph Koch; G. R. Siegel; Petko Traoumir Stoyanov

2005-01-01

467

Cell Surface Analysis  

Cancer.gov

Posted: 09/22/2014 Posted: 09/22/2014 Cell Surface Analysis Cell Surface Markers Group Protein drugs (such as antibodies) are among the most effective anticancer treatments. Scientists in the RAS Initiative are using a combination of proteomics and

468

Fractal symbolic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern compilers perform wholesale restructuring of programs to improve their efficiency. Dependence analysis is the most widely used technique for proving the correctness of such transformations, but it suffers from the limitation that it considers only the memory locations read and written by a statement, and does not assume any particular interpretation for the operations in that statement. Exploiting the

Nikolay Mateev; Vijay Menon; Keshav Pingali

2001-01-01

469

Lexical analysis tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an algorithm for constructing a lexical analysis tool, by different means than the UNIX Lex tool. The input is a keywords table, describing the target language's keywords, keysymbols, and their semantics, instead of using regular expressions to do so.The output is a lexical analyzer for the specific programming language. The tool can also be used as a

Isaiah Pinchas Kantorovitz

2004-01-01

470

Instrumental Analysis Experiments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features laboratory experiments for undergraduate instrumental analysis. Topics include data acquisition, control of instrumentation (gas chromatography, polarography, voltammetry, atomic absorption, robots), infrared spectroscopy, liquid chromatography, and nuclear magnetic resonance. Extensive use of LabView, Excel, and computers. Experiments are available for download in PDF format.

Walters, John P.

2011-04-20

471

Meteoritic Sulfur Isotopic Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Funds were requested to continue our program in meteoritic sulfur isotopic analysis. We have recently detected a potential nucleosynthetic sulfur isotopic anomaly. We will search for potential carriers. The documentation of bulk systematics and the possible relation to nebular chemistry and oxygen isotopes will be explored. Analytical techniques for delta(sup 33), delta(sup 34)S, delta(sup 36)S isotopic analysis were improved. Analysis of sub milligram samples is now possible. A possible relation between sulfur isotopes and oxygen was detected, with similar group systematics noted, particularly in the case of aubrites, ureilites and entstatite chondrites. A possible nucleosynthetic excess S-33 has been noted in bulk ureilites and an oldhamite separate from Norton County. High energy proton (approximately 1 GeV) bombardments of iron foils were done to experimentally determine S-33, S-36 spallogenic yields for quantitation of isotopic measurements in iron meteorites. Techniques for measurement of mineral separates were perfected and an analysis program initiated. The systematic behavior of bulk sulfur isotopes will continue to be explored.

Thiemens, Mark H.

1996-01-01

472

Systems Analysis Systems Integration  

E-print Network

to H2 not straightforward Exploratory research is essential Extensive R&D needed Issues: Economic any previously undertaken by DOE in civilian energy Systems Analysis essential guidance / perspective include coal liquids, shale oil & biomass. #12;7 OPTIONS FOR FUTURE U.S. ENERGY - MY VIEW Coal

473

Integrated Safety Analysis Teams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Today's complex systems require understanding beyond one person s capability to comprehend. Each system requires a team to divide the system into understandable subsystems which can then be analyzed with an Integrated Hazard Analysis. The team must have both specific experiences and diversity of experience. Safety experience and system understanding are not always manifested in one individual. Group dynamics make the difference between success and failure as well as the difference between a difficult task and a rewarding experience. There are examples in the news which demonstrate the need to connect the pieces of a system into a complete picture. The Columbia disaster is now a standard example of a low consequence hazard in one part of the system; the External Tank is a catastrophic hazard cause for a companion subsystem, the Space Shuttle Orbiter. The interaction between the hardware, the manufacturing process, the handling, and the operations contributed to the problem. Each of these had analysis performed, but who constituted the team which integrated this analysis together? This paper will explore some of the methods used for dividing up a complex system; and how one integration team has analyzed the parts. How this analysis has been documented in one particular launch space vehicle case will also be discussed.

Wetherholt, Jonathan C.

2008-01-01

474

Applied Behavior Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching strategies that work for typically developing children often do not work for those diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. However, teaching strategies that work for children with autism do work for typically developing children. In this article, the author explains how the principles and concepts of Applied Behavior Analysis can be…

Szapacs, Cindy

2006-01-01

475

Light intensity strain analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A process is described for the analysis of the strain field of structures subjected to large deformations involving a low modulus substrate having a high modulus, relatively thin coating. The optical properties of transmittance and reflectance are measured for the coated substrate while stressed and unstressed to indicate the strain field for the coated substrate.

Williams, J. G. (inventor)

1973-01-01

476

Ordinal time series analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss robust methods of time series analysis which use only comparisons of values and not their actual size. Local and global order structure are defined as matrices or by rank numbers. Local ranks, autocorrelation by Kendall’s tau, and permutation entropy as complexity measure are introduced in such a way that they contain a scale parameter which allows to study

Christoph Bandt

2005-01-01

477

Transactional Analysis in Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Transactional Analysis (TA) has heavily influenced psychotherapy, little has been written to parallel that influence in areas of organization theory, organization behavior, or management studies. This book is intended primarily for people working in management roles. In part one, personal experiences are drawn upon to describe a fictional…

Hewson, Julie; Turner, Colin

478

Penalized Discriminant Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fisher's linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is a popular data-analytic tool for studying the relationship between a set of predictors and a categorical response. In this paper we describe a penalized version of LDA. It is designed for situations in which there are many highly correlated predictors, such as those obtained by discretizing a function, or the grey-scale values of the

Trevor Hastie; Andreas Buja; Robert Tibshirani

1995-01-01

479

Naive Analysis of Variance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Analysis of Variance is often taught in introductory statistics courses, but it is not clear that students really understand the method. This is because the derivation of the test statistic and p-value requires a relatively sophisticated mathematical background which may not be well-remembered or understood. Thus, the essential concept behind…

Braun, W. John

2012-01-01

480

Coal systems analysis  

SciTech Connect

This collection of papers provides an introduction to the concept of coal systems analysis and contains examples of how coal systems analysis can be used to understand, characterize, and evaluate coal and coal gas resources. Chapter are: Coal systems analysis: A new approach to the understanding of coal formation, coal quality and environmental considerations, and coal as a source rock for hydrocarbons by Peter D. Warwick. Appalachian coal assessment: Defining the coal systems of the Appalachian Basin by Robert C. Milici. Subtle structural influences on coal thickness and distribution: Examples from the Lower Broas-Stockton coal (Middle Pennsylvanian), Eastern Kentucky Coal Field, USA by Stephen F. Greb, Cortland F. Eble, and J.C. Hower. Palynology in coal systems analysis The key to floras, climate, and stratigraphy of coal-forming environments by Douglas J. Nichols. A comparison of late Paleocene and late Eocene lignite depositional systems using palynology, upper Wilcox and upper Jackson Groups, east-central Texas by Jennifer M.K. O'Keefe, Recep H. Sancay, Anne L. Raymond, and Thomas E. Yancey. New insights on the hydrocarbon system of the Fruitland Formation coal beds, northern San Juan Basin, Colorado and New Mexico, USA by W.C. Riese, William L. Pelzmann, and Glen T. Snyder.

Warwick, P.D. (ed.)

2005-07-01

481

Experimental analysis of behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is my position that the experimental analysis of behavior is essentially the same whether we are dealing with the behavior of the paramecium or the man, whether we are analyzing behavior that appears to be simple or that which appears to be complex.\\

Harry F. Harlow

1957-01-01

482

Organic Elemental Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews general developments in computerization and data processing of organic elemental analyses; carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen analyzers; procedures for determining oxygen, sulfur, and halogens, as well as other nometallic elements and organometallics. Selected papers on trace analysis of nonmetals and determination of metallic elements are…

Ma, T. S.; Gutterson, Milton

1980-01-01

483

Twitter: Network properties analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online Social Networks have had a fast growing since the popularization of Web 2.0. This kind of networks provides the basis to find and maintain social relationships with users having diverse interests as well as a current picture of things happening around them. The analysis of the graph structure is necessary to understand the impact of online social networks among

Abraham Ronel Martínez Teutle

2010-01-01

484

Multivariate Cluster Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Procedures for grouping students into homogeneous subsets have long interested educational researchers. The research reported in this paper is an investigation of a set of objective grouping procedures based on multivariate analysis considerations. Four multivariate functions that might serve as criteria for adequate grouping are given and…

McRae, Douglas J.

485

ProteinAnalysis Electrophoresis  

E-print Network

ProteinDetectionKit(Colorimetric)--GLYCO-PRO GoldSolution,Colloidal--50755 OilRedO--O9755 PonceauSSolution--P7170 ProteoSilverTM--PROT-SIL1 ProteoSilver (G 1041). #12;ProteinAnalysis Electrophoresis sigma-aldrich.com 104 ELECTROPHORESIS Silver Stain Markers Designed for molecular weight determinations on silver stained gels, Silver Stain SDS

Lebendiker, Mario

486

Uncertainty Analysis Economic Evaluations  

E-print Network

Uncertainty Analysis in Economic Evaluations Oras Ibrahim Master Thesis June 2005 Free University. The decision to invest is based on the evaluation of the project profitability. But how certain is the calculated profitability? What if the costs overrun during implementation of the project? What

Bhulai, Sandjai

487

Apollo gastrointestinal analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fecal bile acid patterns for the Apollo 17 flight were studied to determine the cause of diarrhea on the mission. The fecal sterol analysis gave no indication of an infectious diarrhea, or specific, or nonspecific etiology occurring during the entire flight. It is assumed that the gastrointestinal problems encountered are the consequences of altered physiology, perhaps secondary to physical or emotional stress of flight.

Nichols, B. L.; Huang, C. T. L.

1975-01-01

488

Financial Analysis of HRD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These five papers are from a symposium facilitated by Ronald L. Jacobs on financial analysis of human resource development (HRD) at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development conference. "Return on Investment--Beyond the Four Levels!" (Jack J. Phillips) offers a modification of the Kirkpatrick model of evaluation for HRD in cost-benefit…

1995

489

Analysis of Progestagens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter covers the analysis of steroids with progesterone-like activity, classified as “progestagens”. Steroids in this group include the naturally occurring C21 steroids, progesterone (4-pregnene-3,20-dione) and its metabolites, together with synthetic steroids, such as norgestrel norethisterone (NE), and medroxyprogesterone acetate which also have progestational activity.

Wood, P. J.; Gower, D. B.

490

Surface Temperature Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, NASA GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) analysis, provides a measure of the changing global surface temperature with monthly resolution for the period since 1880, when a reasonably global distribution of meteorological stations was established. Data for individual stations, aggregate data, graphs, charts, maps, and animations are included, and tables of data are also linked to the site.

Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS); Nasa

491

EquityAnalysis.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EquityAnalysis.com is a well-organized investment information site. Weekly recommendations are available for technology stocks, blue chips, commodities, and global equities. Investors may exchange information at a variety of message board forums (registration required), and useful guidance is provided at the "Beginner's Corner" for novice users.

492

Kernel Independent Component Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a class of algorithms for Independent Component Analysis (ICA) which use contrast functions based on canonical correlations in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space. On the one hand, we show that our contrast functions are related to mutual information and have desirable mathematical properties as measures of statistical de- pendence. On the other hand, building on recent developments

Francis R. Bach; Michael I. Jordan

2002-01-01

493

IEAB Independent Analysis Board  

E-print Network

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Roger Mann, Chair Noelwah R. Netusil, Vice-Chair Kenneth L to be examined in terms of the specifics of the proposal. The ecological and economic consequences are specific problems that the land trust may encounter. Purchase may be a first step in a process. Purchased land may

494

The Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The claim that the best language teaching materials are based on a contrast of the two competing linguistic systems has long been a popular one in language teaching. It exists in strong and weak versions, the strong one arising from evidence from the availability of some kind of metatheory of contrastive analysis and the weak from evidence from…

Wardhaugh, Ronald

495

MOUSE UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The original MOUSE (Modular Oriented Uncertainty System) system was designed to deal with the problem of uncertainties in Environmental engineering calculations, such as a set of engineering cost or risk analysis equations. t was especially intended for use by individuals with li...

496

Sustainable transport: analysis frameworks  

Microsoft Academic Search

For both passenger and freight transport, this paper presents analysis frameworks illustrating the interaction of factors that influence indicators of transport sustainability; identifies opportunities for policy intervention; and illustrates the possibility of unintended consequences of such intervention and the tradeoffs among the indicators. The frameworks account for systematic relationships, feedbacks, and rebound effects of making changes to the system. For

Barbara C. Richardson

2005-01-01

497

Thermal Analysis of Plastics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lab experiment illustrates the use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) in the measurement of polymer properties. A total of seven exercises are described. These are dry exercises: students interpret previously recorded scans. They do not perform the experiments. DSC was used to determine the…

D'Amico, Teresa; Donahue, Craig J.; Rais, Elizabeth A.

2008-01-01

498

Deformation Zone Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The quick analysis of deformation zones provides an overview of system-relative atmospheric circulations. Since deformation is a primary factor in frontogenesis and frontolysis, understanding of these system-relative circulations is crucial to the diagnosis of atmospheric processes and weather prediction. This module is part of the series: "Dynamic Feature Identification: The Satellite Palette".

Comet

2007-03-22

499

C# ENTITIES QUALITY ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we will present the requirements for C# batch program development. Also there is constituted a quality analysis system of indicators for C# programs. The software structure used to analyze the C# program batch and computation of regarded indicators is presented. C# program classes are constructed and the belonginess criterion of a C# program to a particular class

Ion IVAN; Daniel MILODIN; Sorin-Nicolae DUMITRU; Dragos PALAGHITA

500

Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA)  

E-print Network

Between Tonic Immobility and Production Estimated by Factorial Correspondence Analysis in Japanese Quail S of the association between tonic immobility and varied production- related traits, using Japanese quail as a model animal ·Data: duration of tonic immobility, body weight, body temperature, egg production, egg quality

Ernest, Holly