These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Discourse Analysis Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles includes: "Introduction: Discourse Analysis Today" (Dagmar Schue and M.D. Lopez-Maestre); "The Metaphorical and Metonymic Understanding of the Trinitarian Dogma" (Antonio Barcelona); "Symmetry as Conceptual Metaphor in Walker's The Color Purple" (Elena Tapia); "And She's Like it's Terrible, Like: Spoken Discourse,…

Scheu, Dagmar, Ed.; Lopez-Maestre, M. D., Ed.

2003-01-01

2

Discourse Analysis and Written Discourse Conventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research that points toward the theoretical consideration of conventionalized written language, proposing that written discourse conventions can usefully be studied from a multifunctional perspective considering the interacting social, cognitive, and textual functions of language. A large unannotated bibliography is included. (CB)

Atkinson, Dwight

1990-01-01

3

An Overview of Discourse Analysis and Its Usefulness in TESOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of discourse analysis from a linguistic point of view, discussing why it is relevant to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). It focuses on the following: discourse and discourse analysis; discourse analysis and TESOL; approaches to discourse analysis; systemic functional linguistics; theme and…

Milne, Geraldine Veronica

4

Discourse Analysis and Foreign Language Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: MAKING A CASE FOR DISCOURSE ANALYSIS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHER EDUCATION The concept of heteroglossia is extremely interesting to me. I recently gave a paper in which I discussed Ingeborg Bachmann's Malina and asserted that the main character had basically two voices: one masculine, one feminine. I found it fascinating after reading the chapter in Fowler [1996] to think

Julie A. Belz

5

Discourse Analysis of Teaching Computing Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the teaching and learning of computing in a Web-conferencing environment. A discourse analysis of three introductory programming learning episodes is presented to demonstrate issues and effects that arise when teaching computing using such an approach. The subject of discussion, the interactive nature of discussion and any…

Bower, Matt

2009-01-01

6

Critical Discourse Analysis, Adult Education and "Fitba"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I will use an example of current adult education practice, the Glory and Dismay Football Literacies Programme (GDFLP) to appraise the value of critical discourse analysis (CDA) for adult learners, both individually and collectively, and for adult education practitioners with an interest in developing critical literacy skills. The…

Player, John

2013-01-01

7

Assessing the validity of discourse analysis: transdisciplinary convergence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research studies using discourse analysis approaches make claims about phenomena or issues based on interpretation of written or spoken text, which includes images and gestures. How are findings/interpretations from discourse analysis validated? This paper proposes transdisciplinary convergence as a way to validate discourse analysis approaches to research. The argument is made that discourse analysis explicitly grounded in semiotics, systemic functional linguistics, and critical theory, offers a credible research methodology. The underlying assumptions, constructs, and techniques of analysis of these three theoretical disciplines can be drawn on to show convergence of data at multiple levels, validating interpretations from text analysis.

Jaipal-Jamani, Kamini

2014-12-01

8

Using Discourse Analysis and Automatic Text Generation to Study Discourse Cue Usage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our two stage methodology for the study of cue usage coordinates an exhaustive corpus analysis with a system for text generation. Coding of the corpus uses Relational Discourse Analysis, a syn- thesis of two previous accounts of discourse struc- ture. In the first stage of our study, hypotheses about cue usage are evaluated and refined using the corpus analysis. Several

Megan Moser; Johanna D. Moore

1995-01-01

9

Cultural approaches to discourse analysis: A theoretical and methodological conversation with special focus on Donal Carbaugh's Cultural Discourse Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay opens a conversation in the Journal of Multicultural Discourses on cultural approaches to discourse analysis. Culturally-inclusive approaches to discourse analysis and communication that critique Western-biased theories and methods are covered including Jan Blommaert's Critical Discourse Analysis, Shi-xu's Cultural Approach to Discourse, and Asian communication theories. An extensive review of the historical development of Donal Carbaugh's Cultural Discourse Theory

Michelle Scollo

2011-01-01

10

A Discourse Analysis of Teacher-Student Classroom Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation explores the role of classroom discourse in balancing teacher control over lesson content and student participation in educational interactions. The results of a discourse analysis of teacher-student interactions in video-recordings of eight third-grade math and language arts lessons reveal that the role of discourse in this…

Shepherd, Michael Andrew

2010-01-01

11

Emotional inhibition: a discourse analysis of disclosure.  

PubMed

Evidence generated within the emotional disclosure paradigm (EDP) suggests that talking or writing about emotional experiences produces health benefits, but recent meta-analyses have questioned its efficacy. Studies within the EDP typically rely upon a unidimensional and relatively unsophisticated notion of emotional inhibition, and tend to use quantitative forms of content analysis to identify associations between percentages of word types and positive or negative health outcomes. In this article, we use a case study to show how a qualitative discourse analysis has the potential to identify more of the complexity linking the disclosure practices and styles that may be associated with emotional inhibition. This may illuminate the apparent lack of evidence for efficacy of the EDP by enabling more comprehensive theorisations of the variations within it. PMID:21678182

Ellis, Darren; Cromby, John

2012-01-01

12

Literacy Discourse Analysis: Making Space at the Policy Table  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discourse analysis reveals how the meanings of literacy are socially produced, communicated, and mediated. A consultation with university teacher-education and adult education researchers, managed by the National Literacy Secretariat, is used to demonstrate how the outcomes were influenced by the discourses of participants and organizers. An…

Blunt, Adrian

2004-01-01

13

Ideology, Rationality and Reproduction in Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In undertaking a critical discourse analysis of the professed aims and objectives of one of the most influential curricula in the teaching of thinking, this article foregrounds issues of power and ideology latent in curricular discourses of rationality. Specifically, it documents the subtle but powerful ways in which political and class…

Lim, Leonel

2014-01-01

14

A Critical Discourse Analysis of Racial Literacy in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What does racial literacy look and sound like in a teacher education book club? Using the tools of critical discourse analysis, we describe, interpret and explain how each member of the group draws on a range of discursive and embodied resources for racial literacy; particularly, how they maneuver the book club discourse to resolve what…

Rogers, Rebecca; Mosley, Melissa

2008-01-01

15

Self in career theory and counselling: a discourse analysis perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rapidly changing postmodern working world demands revised conceptualisations of the self. Recent scholarship in discourse analysis invites an investigation into how selves are constructed and fabricated within a complex matrix of social discourses, and how this may impact on the field of career counselling and development. This paper examines the self in career counselling and development from a Foucauldian

Graham B. Stead; Terri M. Bakker

2010-01-01

16

Understanding Resistance: An Analysis of Discourses in Academic Staff Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using social realist theory and critical discourse analysis, this article examines a number of discourses which construct academic staff attitudes to teaching and learning in their disciplines. It seeks to explain academics' resistance to engaging in activities aimed at professionalising academic practice. The research described in the article…

Quinn, Lynn

2012-01-01

17

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

18

Belief in extraordinary psychological feats: a discourse analysis   

E-print Network

This study aimed to investigate how belief in extraordinary psychological feats is warranted and maintained, and how the lack of an explanation is justified. Discourse analysis was used to examine online newspaper articles on Derren Brown...

Jones, Lisa

2012-06-27

19

Understanding Teachers: The Potential and Possibility of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the ways in which teachers make sense of what they do and why is critical to a broader understanding of pedagogy. Historically, teachers have been understood through the thematic and content analysis of their beliefs or philosophies. In this paper, we argue that discourse analysis (DA) involves a much finer-grained analysis of the…

Barker, Dean M.; Rossi, Anthony

2011-01-01

20

Is Business Discourse Colonizing Philanthropy? A Critical Discourse Analysis of (PRODUCT) RED  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, traditional notions of philanthropy are colonized by a market discourse that promotes consumption as an effective\\u000a way to solve social ills, resulting in what scholars have termed “marketized philanthropy.” This paper examines the implications\\u000a of marketized philanthropy through a discourse analysis of the (PRODUCT) RED campaign benefiting the Global Fund to fight\\u000a HIV\\/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis in Africa through

Jessica S. WirgauKathryn; Kathryn Webb Farley; Courtney Jensen

2010-01-01

21

Doing Foucault: inquiring into nursing knowledge with Foucauldian discourse analysis.  

PubMed

Foucauldian discourse analysis (FDA) is a methodology that is well suited to inquiring into nursing knowledge and its organization. It is a critical analytic approach derived from Foucault's histories of science, madness, medicine, incarceration and sexuality, all of which serve to exteriorize or make visible the 'positive unconscious of knowledge' penetrating bodies and minds. Foucauldian discourse analysis (FDA) holds the potential to reveal who we are today as nurses and as a profession of nursing by facilitating our ability to identify and trace the effects of the discourses that determine the conditions of possibility for nursing practice that are continuously shaping and (re)shaping the knowledge of nursing and the profession of nursing as we know it. In making visible the chain of knowledge that orders the spaces nurses occupy, no less than their subjectivities, FDA is a powerful methodology for inquiring into nursing knowledge based on its provocation of deep critical reflection on the normalizing power of discourse. PMID:25683171

Springer, Rusla Anne; Clinton, Michael E

2015-04-01

22

Presupposition in Lexical Analysis and Discourse  

E-print Network

Recent research in linguistic analysis of presuppositions has provided numerous indications of the role of presupposition in lexical analysis. Still others have argued there is no distinction between meaning and the ...

Bullwinkle, Candace L.

23

A Modern History of Written Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes written discourse that explores the actual structuring of text via some consistent framework. Highlights efforts to find the structures and linguistic patterns in texts that contribute to how they are understood, interpreted, and used. (Author/VWL)

Kaplan, Robert B.; Grabe, William

2002-01-01

24

On Singaporean Authoritarianism: Critical Discourse Analysis and Contextual Dissonance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) has reached a certain degree of canonical status, as it is widely used and applied as a research and analytic tool. However, hitherto it has been taken for granted that CDA can be applied and practised anywhere unproblematically. There is still a dearth of scholarly attention that focuses on the tensions and…

Koh, Aaron

2008-01-01

25

A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

2011-01-01

26

Discourse Analysis of Requirements and Knowledge Elicitation Interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets forth a framework for examining the discourse of interviews that take place during requirements analysis and knowledge elicitation. Research has shown that requirements and knowledge elicitation techniques are very similar if not identical in some instances. Moreover, eliciting user requirements is a critical and difficult activity of both information and knowledge based systems development. In this paper,

Rosío Alvarez

2002-01-01

27

Critical Narrative Analysis: The Interplay of Critical Discourse and Narrative Analyses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I question the micro-macro separation in discourse analysis, the separation of personal and institutional discourses. I apply a mostly macroanalytic perspective (critical discourse analysis [CDA]) to inform a predominantly microanalytic perspective (analysis of conversational narratives) and vice versa. In the combination of these…

Souto-Manning, Mariana

2014-01-01

28

The organising vision for telehealth and telecare: discourse analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To (1) map how different stakeholders understand telehealth and telecare technologies and (2) explore the implications for development and implementation of telehealth and telecare services. Design Discourse analysis. Sample 68 publications representing diverse perspectives (academic, policy, service, commercial and lay) on telehealth and telecare plus field notes from 10 knowledge-sharing events. Method Following a familiarisation phase (browsing and informal interviews), we studied a systematic sample of texts in detail. Through repeated close reading, we identified assumptions, metaphors, storylines, scenarios, practices and rhetorical positions. We added successive findings to an emerging picture of the whole. Main findings Telehealth and telecare technologies featured prominently in texts on chronic illness and ageing. There was no coherent organising vision. Rather, four conflicting discourses were evident and engaged only minimally with one another's arguments. Modernist discourse presented a futuristic utopian vision in which assistive technologies, implemented at scale, would enable society to meet its moral obligations to older people by creating a safe ‘smart’ home environment where help was always at hand, while generating efficiency savings. Humanist discourse emphasised the uniqueness and moral worth of the individual and tailoring to personal and family context; it considered that technologies were only sometimes fit for purpose and could create as well as solve problems. Political economy discourse envisaged a techno-economic complex of powerful vested interests driving commodification of healthcare and diversion of public funds into private business. Change management discourse recognised the complicatedness of large-scale technology programmes and emphasised good project management and organisational processes. Conclusion Introduction of telehealth and telecare is hampered because different stakeholders hold different assumptions, values and world views, ‘talk past’ each other and compete for recognition and resources. If investments in these technologies are to bear fruit, more effective inter-stakeholder dialogue must occur to establish an organising vision that better accommodates competing discourses. PMID:22815469

Procter, Rob; Wherton, Joe; Sugarhood, Paul; Shaw, Sara

2012-01-01

29

Power in clinical teachers' discourses of a curriculum-in-action. Critical discourse analysis.  

PubMed

"Curricula-in-action" generally differ from "official" curricula. That is particularly true of clerkship curricula because the practising doctors who supervise medical students' clinical activities are only secondarily educators. Clerkship education is evaluated, however, according to benchmarks set by official curricula. As a result, clerkship evaluations are important points of contact between clinical teachers and medical schools. We reasoned that an evaluation instrument is part of a medical school's official curriculum discourse and clinical teachers' reactions to it are a discourse of curriculum-in-action. We set out to answer the questions: What are clinical teachers' discourses of curriculum-in-action and how do they relate to an official curriculum discourse? Nineteen clerkship placement leads from two hospitals contributing to a single undergraduate medical programme participated. The evaluation instrument was the Manchester Clinical Placement Index, for which validity evidence has been published. Respondents were asked to say how they would react to junior students giving their placements low or high scores for each of 12 items from the Index. After transcription, we conducted a critical discourse analysis (CDA) of their audio-recorded answers. We purposefully selected the six items that elicited the widest spectrum of responses for analysis because quantity of material can compromise the quality of CDA. A dominant discourse of curriculum-in-action defined how teachers should "really" teach and junior students should learn. It deconstructed the need for teachers to be present when students performed clinical tasks because teachers' role was to give critical feedback on case presentations that were coincidental to clinical care. It positioned students at the bottom of a power hierarchy so they had to "struggle" to be taught. It placed respondents in a powerful position relative to "the hospital" and "the university", though there were tensions between respondents, patients, and nurses. Respondents dismissed criticism that was invalid according to their curriculum-in-action, which included most items in an evaluation instrument. There was a contrasting, non-dominant discourse of responding reflectively to feedback, which generated realistic ways of improving students' learning. The strength of respondents' emotions shows just how committed doctors are to students' learning. The strength of their expressions of power, however, explains why many of them teach in their own way rather than according to official curricula. Changes to clinical curricula, our findings suggest, will not be successful unless they are carefully negotiated with practising doctors. PMID:23283572

Graham, Jennifer; Dornan, Tim

2013-12-01

30

Discourse Analysis as an Approach to Intercultural Competence in the Advanced EFL Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1991 Michael McCarthy wrote in his Preface to Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers that discourse analysis is ‘not a method of teaching languages; it is a way of describing and understanding how language is used’. By 1994 he had reformulated his position and, with Ronald Carter, published Language as Discourse: Perspectives for Language Teaching, which argued in favour of

Susan Norton

2008-01-01

31

Automatic Slide Generation Based on Discourse Structure Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe a method of automatically gener- ating summary slides from a text. The slides are generated by itemizing topic\\/non-topic parts that are extracted from the text based on syntac- tic\\/case analysis. The indentations of the items are controlled according to the discourse structure, which is detected by cue phrases, identica- tion of word chain and similarity

Tomohide Shibata; Sadao Kurohashi

2005-01-01

32

Discourse analysis and the impact of the philosophy of Enlightenment in nursing research.  

PubMed

Discourse analysis has been introduced into nursing research as an approach which has the potential to offer new perspectives and to pose new questions to taken-for-granted assumptions. However, critique has arisen that when applied to nursing studies, the epistemological foundation of the discourse analysis is often overlooked. It is furthermore claimed that the methodological inspiration does not lead to any new insights and that these studies can hardly be differentiated from more traditional studies. This study supports this critique, arguing that the challenges of implementing discourse analysis in nursing research reflect a dominant pattern of thought in the discourse of the nursing profession that have held sway throughout the last century. We argue that this pattern of thought stems from the Western philosophy of consciousness and the conception of the sovereign subject. By applying a discourse analytical perspective to the discourse of the nursing profession itself, this study elucidates the challenges of applying discourse analysis in nursing research. PMID:23679133

Beedholm, Kirsten; Lomborg, Kirsten; Frederiksen, Kirsten

2014-06-01

33

'Debating' Nature Conservation: Policy, Law and Practice in Indonesia : A Discourse Analysis of History and Present  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is about the politics of nature conservation in late New Order and early Reformasi Indonesia. It approaches the subject through discourse analysis. Understanding politics as a struggle for discourse hegemony it analyses both processes of policy- and lawmaking in Jakarta and of implementation in national parks, and their outcomes, and addresses a number of questions: Which discourses have

Julia Arnscheidt

2008-01-01

34

'Debating' nature conservation: policy, law and practice in Indonesia : a discourse analysis of history and present  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is about the politics of nature conservation in late New Order and early Reformasi Indonesia. It approaches the subject through discourse analysis. Understanding politics as a struggle for discourse hegemony it analyses both processes of policy- and lawmaking in Jakarta and of implementation in national parks, and their outcomes, and addresses a number of questions: Which discourses have

Julia Arnscheidt

2009-01-01

35

Analyzing psychotherapy process as intersubjective sensemaking: An approach based on discourse analysis and neural networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors propose a method for analyzing the psychotherapy process: discourse flow analysis (DFA). DFA is a technique representing the verbal interaction between therapist and patient as a discourse network, aimed at measuring the therapist–patient discourse ability to generate new meanings through time. DFA assumes that the main function of psychotherapy is to produce semiotic novelty. DFA is applied to

Mariangela Nitti; Enrico Ciavolino; Sergio Salvatore; Alessandro Gennaro

2010-01-01

36

Critical discourse analysis and inclusive educational policies: the power to exclude  

Microsoft Academic Search

The legislative shift towards an inclusive education policy in Cyprus has allegedly been fragmented and contradictory. The textual hybridity of the ostensibly more inclusive policy documents prevents the realization of an inclusive discourse. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is proposed as an emancipatory research tool that has the potential to destabilize the authoritarian discourses entrenched in educational policy agendas, thereby facilitating

Anastasia Liasidou

2008-01-01

37

Genuine versus Simulated Suicide Notes: An Issue Revisited Through Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a method of discourse analysis applied to the discrimination of genuine from simulated suicide notes used in previous studies. Reported significant differences among language measures as well as the results of a multiple discriminant analysis using the discourse analysis. A language profile of the suicidal individual is given. (JAC)

Edelman, Ann M.; Renshaw, Steven L.

1982-01-01

38

Leadership succession: a discourse analysis of governance dialectics in two nonprofit organizations  

E-print Network

LEADERSHIP SUCCESSION: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF GOVERNANCE DIALECTICS IN TWO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS A Dissertation by ANDREI CONSTANTIN DUTA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: Communication LEADERSHIP SUCCESSION: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF GOVERNANCE DIALECTICS IN TWO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS A Dissertation...

Duta, Andrei Constantin

2008-10-10

39

Studying Agency in Literacy Teacher Education: A Layered Approach to Positive Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critically oriented forms of discourse analysis have focused largely on oppression and injustice. Signaling a new turn in the field, scholars have called for an analytic focus on moments of liberation and agency, referring to this orientation as "positive discourse analysis" (PDA). In this research, we turn our attention to a case study of agency…

Rogers, Rebecca; Wetzel, Melissa Mosley

2013-01-01

40

Insights beyond Neo-Liberal Educational Practices: The Value of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the nature, power and effects of neo-liberal rationale in educational settings. By introducing discourse analysis of two cases, the influence of neo-liberal ideology on contemporary curricula and school programs were examined. The analysis showed that dominant discourses based on neo-liberal rationale presented themselves as…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Rafferty, John

2013-01-01

41

"Genre Means...": A Critical Discourse Analysis of Fourth Grade Talk about Genre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research study investigates how genre theory can be integrated into the practice of a writing enrichment program and how the frameworks of Critical Discourse Analysis and Multimodal Analysis can help assess and improve both student learning and teacher practice. A multilayered exploration of teacher-student discourse in an urban public…

Schaenen, Inda

2010-01-01

42

The Return to Messages: Perspectives on Discourse Analysis and Conversational Coherence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the increasing attention of communication scholars to the production of conversation, this paper outlines three broad perspectives on discourse analysis: (1) codification, which involves discrete categorizing of discourse and includes work in speech act theory, traditional interaction analysis, and message strategies; (2) coordination,…

Zimmermann, Stephanie

43

Climate Change Discourse in Mass Media: Application of Computer-Assisted Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content analysis of mass media publications has become a major scientific method used to analyze public discourse on climate change. We propose a computer-assisted content analysis method to extract prevalent themes and analyze discourse changes over an extended period in an objective and quantifiable manner. The method includes the following: (1)…

Kirilenko, Andrei P.; Stepchenkova, Svetlana O.

2012-01-01

44

Racialized Spaces in Teacher Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Place-Based Identities in Roche Bois, Mauritius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This eleven-month ethnographic study puts critical discourse analysis in dialogue with postmodern conceptualizations of space and place to explore how eight educators talk about space and in the process, produce racialized spaces in Roche Bois, Mauritius. The macro-historical context of racialization of this urban marginalized community informs…

Wiehe, Elsa M.

2013-01-01

45

Scaling discourse analysis: Experiences from Hermanus, South Africa and Walvis Bay, Namibia1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scaling discourse analysis refers to the necessity to consider environmental discourse a multi-dimensional and diversified practice. Depending on the various levels of state and society at which environmental policies are applied and depending on the geographical scale at which their solution is sought, we have to differentiate both policy processes and outcomes in environmental politics. We introduce the importance of

Roger Keil; Anne-Marie Debbané

2005-01-01

46

Discourse-Based Methods across Texts and Semiotic Modes: Three Tools for Micro-Rhetorical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the scope of rhetorical inquiry broadens to cover intersemiotic and intertextual phenomena, scholars are increasingly in need of new, defensible analytic procedures. Several scholars have suggested that methods of discourse analysis could enhance rhetorical criticism. Here, I introduce a discourse-based method that is empirical, delicate, and…

Oddo, John

2013-01-01

47

Academic Discussions: An Analysis of Instructional Discourse and an Argument for an Integrative Assessment Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the structure of academic discussions during the implementation of a literacy curriculum in the upper elementary grades. The authors examine the quality of academic discussion, using existing discourse analysis frameworks designed to evaluate varying attributes of classroom discourse. To integrate the overlapping qualities…

Elizabeth, Tracy; Ross Anderson, Trisha L.; Snow, Elana H.; Selman, Robert L.

2012-01-01

48

Iranian University Students' Politics in the Post-Reform Movement Era: A Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the discourse analysis of the statements of the university student organizations in the period between 1996–2006, this paper will address the pros and cons of five approaches to politics in the post-reform movement era based on five discourses among university students in the past decade of Iranian politics and their consequences for reshaping the Iranian polity. This article

Majid Mohammadi

2007-01-01

49

Physical Education for Health and Wellbeing: A Discourse Analysis of Scottish Physical Education Curricular Documentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an analysis of the discourses associated with physical education in Scotland's "Curriculum for Excellence". We implement a poststructural perspective in order to identify the discourses that underpin the physical education sections of the "Curriculum for Excellence" "health and well-being"…

McEvilly, Nollaig; Verheul, Martine; Atencio, Matthew; Jess, Mike

2014-01-01

50

Intellectual Disabilities, Challenging Behaviour and Referral Texts: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral…

Nunkoosing, Karl; Haydon-Laurelut, Mark

2011-01-01

51

Negotiating Order in Interorganizational Communication: Discourse Analysis of a Meeting of Three Diverse Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the discourse during a meeting of three diverse organizations as they attempt to resolve conflicting organizational interests. Explains that the three diverse groups were a waste disposal business, a grass-roots community organization, and a state regulatory agency. Notes that discourse analysis suggests that organizations with different…

Bennington, Ashley J.; Shetler, Judy C.; Shaw, Thomas

2003-01-01

52

Ideologies of English in a Chinese High School EFL Textbook: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine ideologies of English in present-day China with a special focus on textbook discourse. The research framework is informed by critical theories on language and education. Critical discourse analysis is applied as a methodological approach characterized by a socially committed attitude in the explanation and interpretation…

Xiong, Tao; Qian, Yamin

2012-01-01

53

Discourse Analysis: The UFO scientists’ Construction of the UFO Phenomenon in Relation to Science   

E-print Network

This study aims to show how UFO scientists have constructed the UFO phenomenon in relation to science, by using discourse analysis. This work expands on the existing literature concerning the social construction of scientific knowledge. Several...

Raw, Kathleen

2012-06-01

54

Defining and defending 'unhealthy' practices: a discourse analysis of chocolate 'addicts" accounts.  

PubMed

Contemporary ideals of health and nutrition conspire to render the consumption of chocolate and similar snacks problematic. Individuals who self-define as 'chocoholics' therefore present an ideal opportunity to investigate how ostensibly unhealthy acts are defined, defended and maintained within a health-conscious climate. This article reports on an interview-based study with five self-professed chocoholics. A Foucauldian form of discourse analysis was applied to the interview transcripts and four main discourses identified: chocolate as dirty and dangerous; chocolate as pleasure; self-surveillance; and addiction. The function of such discourses in terms of upholding the moral status of these individuals is discussed. PMID:16774896

Benford, Rebecca; Gough, Brendan

2006-05-01

55

A Critical Discourse Analysis of Amazon.com's Rise in the Media 1995-2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses Habermasian Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to examine the ways Amazon.com was constructed in the top newspapers by circulation in 2000 and 2001. It shows that despite the dot-com bust, and reports of low profitability, Amazon.com was generally constructed in a positive way by company insiders such as CEO Jeff Bezos, who successfully managed to frame news discourse

Wendy Cukier; Jaigris Hodson; Peter M. Ryan

2009-01-01

56

David Coleman and the Technologisation of the Common Core: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on sociocultural perspectives and New Literacies Studies this study uses Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) as a tool to closely analyse one way the Common Core State Standards in the United States are being produced, disseminated and consumed. The analysis focuses on a section of the CCSS, a model lesson given by one of the primary…

Johnson, Lindy L.

2014-01-01

57

A Discourse Analysis of the Online Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen online mathematics classes were analyzed using a discourse coding system created by Bellack et al. (1966). Findings suggest that the ratio of teacher-to-student discourse is far lower in online than in face-to-face classes and varies widely from instructor to instructor. A strong positive correlation was shown between instructor posts and…

Offenholley, Kathleen H.

2012-01-01

58

Exploring the discourse on communication modality after cochlear implantation: a Foucauldian analysis of parents' narratives.  

PubMed

After pediatric cochlear implantation, parents have to make decisions concerning which communication modality the child and the child's family will use. The choice has to be made against a background of opposing views on communication modality in follow-up after pediatric cochlear implantation. The opposing views form a discourse that has been a core issue in the international body of literature for a long time. For hearing parents caught up in this ongoing controversy, the choice can be a difficult one. The study reported in this article explores the discourse on communication modality and is based on 27 written parental accounts on experiences with follow-up. From the perspective of Foucault's thinking, discourses exert knowledge and power. Drawing on Foucault, the study explores how the discourse on communication modality is constructed, how it operates, and how it governs thinking and acting. The Foucauldian analysis brings to the fore the complex nature of the discourse and states that follow-up, which is intended to be helpful for parents, may induce insecurity and frustration. The study brings into conversation a broader understanding of the discourse on communication modality and addresses a need for increased awareness on how the discourse governs thinking and acting in follow-up. PMID:24558057

Bruin, Marieke; Nevøy, Anne

2014-07-01

59

The Discourses of Discourse Analysis: A Response to Ninnes and Burnett.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of comparative education has been slow to incorporate poststructuralist concerns due to theoretical bias, the linguistic barrier of postmodernist discourses, and the critique of postmodernism as indifferent to social issues. Debates on key questions of epistemology, ontology, and ethics in social research are needed to further…

Welch, Anthony

2003-01-01

60

A Study of EFL Discourse Using Corpora: An Analysis of Discourse Completion Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the discourse completion data collected through Japanese English-as-a-foreign-language learners with reference to four speech functions--thanking, apology, request, and offering. Compares Japanese learners' expressions with expressions obtained by native speakers of English stored in the London-Lund corpus of Spoken English. (Author/VWL)

Nakano, M.; Miyasaka, N.; Yamazaki, T.

2000-01-01

61

Empowering Discourse: Discourse Analysis as Method and Practice in the Sociology Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative learning and critical pedagogy are widely recognized as "empowering" pedagogies for higher education. Yet, the practical implementation of both has a mixed record. The question, then, is: How could collaborative and critical pedagogies be empowered themselves? This paper makes a primarily theoretical case for discourse

Hjelm, Titus

2013-01-01

62

Knowledge Building Discourse Explorer: A Social Network Analysis Application for Knowledge Building Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent studies of learning theories, a new methodology that integrates two prevailing metaphors of learning (acquisition and participation) has been discussed. However, current analytical techniques are insufficient for analyzing how social knowledge develops through learners' discourse and how individual learners contribute to this…

Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Matsuzawa, Yoshiaki

2012-01-01

63

The Conflict over Origins: A Discourse Analysis of the Creationism Controversy in American Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate about human origins between creationists and biologists is hardly a new one. In its latest cycle, the dispute concerns the status of Intelligent Design and the teaching of evolutionary theory in public schools. The controversy is primarily political, motivated by deeply held feelings about identity. A discourse analysis using network modeling was applied to newspaper coverage of the

Timothy Shortell

2011-01-01

64

Critical Discourse Analysis and Critical Thinking: An Experimental Study in an EFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the impact of critical discourse analysis (CDA) on TEFL students' critical thinking (CT) ability in "Reading Journalistic Texts" classes. In so doing, the study utilized an experimental design with 24 participants in the control group and 29 participants in the experimental group. The results of a pretest indicated…

Hashemi, Mohammad Reza; Ghanizadeh, Afsaneh

2012-01-01

65

Using Semantic Feature Analysis to Improve Contextual Discourse in Adults with Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) was used to determine whether training contextually related words would improve the discourse of individuals with nonfluent aphasia in preselected contexts. Method: A modified multiple-probes-across-behaviors design was used to train target words using SFA in 3 adults with nonfluent aphasia. Pretreatment,…

Rider, Jill Davis; Wright, Heather Harris; Marshall, Robert C.; Page, Judith L.

2008-01-01

66

Critical Discourse Analysis in Literacy Education: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critical, integrative literature review of scholarship in literacy studies from 2004 to 2012 that draws on critical discourse analysis (CDA). We discuss key issues, trends, and criticisms in the field. Our methodology was carried out in three stages. First, we searched educational databases to locate literacy-focused CDA…

Rogers, Rebecca; Schaenen, Inda

2014-01-01

67

With the Best of Intentions: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Physical Education Curriculum Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of physical education curriculum in the developed world and specifically in Australia tends to be guided in principle by syllabus documents that represent, in varying degrees, some form of government education priorities. Through the use of critical discourse analysis we analyze one such syllabus example (an official syllabus document of one…

Rossi, Tony; Tinning, Richard; McCuaig, Louise; Sirna, Karen; Hunter, Lisa

2009-01-01

68

Accreditation and Power: A Discourse Analysis of a New Regime of Governance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article studies discourses within the accreditation of Norwegian higher education conducted by the Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Education (NOKUT), using one concrete case (the accreditation of bachelor programs in nursing). Analysis of policy documents and accreditation reports are influenced by two of Foucault's concepts of…

Engebretsen, Eivind; Heggen, Kristin; Eilertsen, Heidi Annett

2012-01-01

69

Confessions of an information worker: a critical analysis of information requirements discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to demonstrate the benefit of critical discourse analysis as a research approach for examining information systems development. Research has shown that eliciting user requirements is a critical activity of information systems development. However, the requirements phase is not only a key activity, it is highly problematic. Requirements determination is considered a process fraught with conflicting, inconsistent and

Ros??o Alvarez

2002-01-01

70

A Quantitative Discourse Analysis of Student-Initiated Checks of Understanding during Teacher-Fronted Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research highlights the paradoxical importance of students' being able to check their understanding with teachers and of teachers' constraining student participation. Using quantitative discourse analysis, this paper examines third graders' discursive strategies in initiating such checks and teachers' strategies in constraining them. The…

Shepherd, Michael A.

2012-01-01

71

The Newfoundland School Society (1830-1840): A Critical Discourse Analysis of Its Religious Education Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the lens of critical discourse analysis to examine the religious education efforts of the Newfoundland School Society (NSS), the main provider of religious education in Newfoundland in the 19th century. Although its focus was initially this colony, the NSS quickly broadened its reach to the whole British empire, making it one of…

English, Leona M.

2012-01-01

72

Exposing Ideology within University Policies: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Faculty Hiring, Promotion and Remuneration Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper exposes the neoliberal ideology of the knowledge-based economy embedded within university policies, specifically those that regulate faculty hiring, promotion, and remuneration in two national contexts: Turkey and Mexico. The paper follows four stages of CDA: (1) focus upon a social wrong in its…

Uzuner-Smith, Sedef; Englander, Karen

2015-01-01

73

Meaning Making through Multiple Modalities in a Biology Classroom: A Multimodal Semiotics Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of science is a complex process, involving the use of multiple modalities. This paper illustrates the potential of a multimodal semiotics discourse analysis framework to illuminate meaning-making possibilities during the teaching of a science concept. A multimodal semiotics analytical framework is developed and used to (1) analyze the…

Jaipal, Kamini

2010-01-01

74

Unethical conduct by the nurse: a critical discourse analysis of Nurses Tribunal inquiries.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to uncover and critically examine hidden assumptions that underpin the findings of nurses' unethical conduct arising from inquiries conducted by the Nurses Tribunal in New South Wales. This was a qualitative study located within a post-structural theoretical framework. Transcripts of five inquiries conducted between 1998 and 2003 were analysed using critical discourse analysis. The findings revealed two dominant discourses that were drawn upon in the inquiries to construct nurses' conduct as unethical. These were discourses of trust and accountability. The way the nurses were spoken about during the inquiries was shaped by normalising judgements that were used to discursively position the nurse through narrative. PMID:23378542

Dixon, Kathleen A

2013-08-01

75

Problems with the Critical Posture? Foucault and Critical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a brief analysis of Michel Foucault's work on power and governmentality, and mounts the argument that the treatment of these concepts by Foucault is theoretical rather than empirical or historical. Foucault's approach - a Kantian dialectical approach - allows the social to engulf politics, sovereignty and the state. Ultimately, Foucault follows a Kantian line to a moral

Gavin Kendall; Gary Wickham

76

The Discourse of Parent Involvement in Special Education: A Critical Analysis Linking Policy Documents to the Experiences of Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent involvement is acknowledged as a crucial aspect of the education of students with special needs. However, the discourse of parent involvement represents parent involvement in limited ways, thereby controlling how and the extent to which parents can be involved in the education of their children. In this article, critical discourse analysis

Lai, Yuan; Vadeboncoeur, Jennifer A.

2013-01-01

77

An analysis of the group process in encounters between Jews and Palestinians using a typology for discourse classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of the group process in encounters between Jewish and Palestinian Israeli citizens by using a typology for discourse classification. The typology presented here is a sensitive research tool that was developed in the absence of existing instruments, which analyze the developmental process of discourse in groups. It is an instrument that can help in conceptualizing

Shoshana Steinberg; Dan Bar-On

2002-01-01

78

A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Real-World Problem in Mathematics: Looking for Signs of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concepts of "access" and "relevance" feature prominently in the discourse of change in mathematics education in South Africa. One way in which these concepts have been played out in mathematics classrooms is in the use of mathematical problems with real-world contexts. This paper presents a Critical Discourse Analysis of one such problem,…

Le Roux, Kate

2008-01-01

79

A Sequential Analysis of Classroom Discourse in Italian Primary Schools: The Many Faces of the IRF Pattern  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A sequential analysis of classroom discourse is needed to investigate the conditions under which the triadic initiation-response-feedback (IRF) pattern may host different teaching orientations. Aim: The purpose of the study is twofold: first, to describe the characteristics of classroom discourse and, second, to identify and explore…

Molinari, Luisa; Mameli, Consuelo; Gnisci, Augusto

2013-01-01

80

A discourse on sensitivity analysis for discretely-modeled structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A descriptive review is presented of the most recent methods for performing sensitivity analysis of the structural behavior of discretely-modeled systems. The methods are generally but not exclusively aimed at finite element modeled structures. Topics included are: selections of finite difference step sizes; special consideration for finite difference sensitivity of iteratively-solved response problems; first and second derivatives of static structural response; sensitivity of stresses; nonlinear static response sensitivity; eigenvalue and eigenvector sensitivities for both distinct and repeated eigenvalues; and sensitivity of transient response for both linear and nonlinear structural response.

Adelman, Howard M.; Haftka, Raphael T.

1991-01-01

81

Designing CIS to improve decisions in depression disease management: a discourse analysis of front line practice.  

PubMed

Clinical care management promises to help diminish the major health problem of depression. To realize this promise, front line clinicians must know which care management interventions are best for which patients and act accordingly. Unfortunately, the detailed intervention data required for such differentiated assessments are missing in most clinical information systems (CIS). To determine frontline clinicians' needs for these data and to identify the data that CIS should keep, we conducted an 18 month ethnographic study and discourse analysis of telehealth depression care management. Results show care managers need data-based evidence to choose best options, and discourse analysis suggests some personalized interventions that CIS should and can feasibly capture for evidence. PMID:17238404

Mirel, Barbara; Ackerman, Mark S; Kerber, Kevin; Klinkman, Michael

2006-01-01

82

Marketing Senegal through hip-hop – a discourse analysis of Akon's music and lyrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to highlight hip-hop's contribution to the entrepreneurship and place marketing literature. Hip-hop is taken from the lens of an individual artist, Akon, whose music and lyrics – a “hybrid of silky, West African-styled vocals mixed with North America's East Coast and Southern beats” – provides fresh insights for place marketers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A “discourse analysis

Nnamdi O. Madichie

2011-01-01

83

Defining and Defending ‘Unhealthy’ PracticesA Discourse Analysis of Chocolate ‘Addicts” Accounts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary ideals of health and nutrition conspire to render the consumption of chocolate and similar snacks problematic. Individuals who self-define as ‘chocoholics’ therefore present an ideal opportunity to investigate how ostensibly unhealthy acts are defined, defended and maintained within a health-conscious climate. This article reports on an interview-based study with five self-professed chocoholics. A Foucauldian form of discourse analysis was

Rebecca Benford; Brendan Gough

2006-01-01

84

An Analysis of Argumentation Discourse Patterns in Elementary Teachers' Science Classroom Discussions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This multiple case study investigated how six elementary teachers' argumentation discourse patterns related to students' discussions in the science classroom. Four categories of classroom characteristics emerged through the analysis of the teachers' transcripts and recorded class periods: Structure of teacher and student argumentation, directionality, movement, and structure of student talk. Results showed that the differences between the teachers' discourse patterns were related to their modified reformed teaching observation protocol (RTOP) scores and to how the interaction of those differences affected student learning. Teachers with high RTOP scores were more likely to challenge their students' claims, explanations, and defenses and to provide less guidance and more waiting time for their students' responses than teachers with medium- and low-level RTOP scores. Students in the high-level teachers' classes challenged, defended, rejected, and supported each other's ideas with evidence and required less guidance than students in the medium-level and low-level teachers' classes.

Kim, Sungho; Hand, Brian

2015-02-01

85

Retrospective Analysis of Communication Events - Understanding the Dynamics of Collaborative Multi-Party Discourse  

SciTech Connect

This research is aimed at understanding the dynamics of collaborative multi-party discourse across multiple communication modalities. Before we can truly make sig-nificant strides in devising collaborative communication systems, there is a need to understand how typical users utilize com-putationally supported communications mechanisms such as email, instant mes-saging, video conferencing, chat rooms, etc., both singularly and in conjunction with traditional means of communication such as face-to-face meetings, telephone calls and postal mail. Attempting to un-derstand an individual’s communications profile with access to only a single modal-ity is challenging at best and often futile. Here, we discuss the development of RACE – Retrospective Analysis of Com-munications Events – a test-bed prototype to investigate issues relating to multi-modal multi-party discourse.

Cowell, Andrew J.; Haack, Jereme N.; McColgin, Dave W.

2006-06-08

86

An Analysis of Argumentation Discourse Patterns in Elementary Teachers' Science Classroom Discussions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This multiple case study investigated how six elementary teachers' argumentation discourse patterns related to students' discussions in the science classroom. Four categories of classroom characteristics emerged through the analysis of the teachers' transcripts and recorded class periods: Structure of teacher and student argumentation, directionality, movement, and structure of student talk. Results showed that the differences between the teachers' discourse patterns were related to their modified reformed teaching observation protocol (RTOP) scores and to how the interaction of those differences affected student learning. Teachers with high RTOP scores were more likely to challenge their students' claims, explanations, and defenses and to provide less guidance and more waiting time for their students' responses than teachers with medium- and low-level RTOP scores. Students in the high-level teachers' classes challenged, defended, rejected, and supported each other's ideas with evidence and required less guidance than students in the medium-level and low-level teachers' classes.

Kim, Sungho; Hand, Brian

2015-04-01

87

Industrial relations reform and the occupational transition of Australian workers: a critical discourse analysis.  

PubMed

The 2005 WorkChoices legislation delivered a significant diminution of Australian workers' rights in the form of choice and control over numerous aspects of working life. WorkChoices extended previous neoliberal reforms and consolidated the negative impacts of those reforms on marginalized groups of workers, especially those in precarious employment. This paper reports on the findings of an occupational science-based, critical discourse analysis of a government newspaper advertisement that promotes the reforms. The construction of a WorkChoices discourse, one that was based on and sought to extend neoliberal hegemony, is identified by exploring the ways that particular ideas are presented as natural and mutually beneficial and, in response, the development of a counter-hegemonic argument, based on occupational justice theory, is discussed. The broader application of critical social research is also recommended in extending the occupational justice paradigm. PMID:19478412

Lo Bartolo, Luciano; Sheahan, Marie

2009-01-01

88

Exploring the communication between telenurse and caller—A critical discourse analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Telenursing is an expanding service in most Western societies. Sweden is a front-line country, with all of its 21 counties connected to Swedish Healthcare Direct (SHD) 1177. The intention of the service is twofold: to make health care more efficient, while also making it more accessible and safe for patients. Previous research has shown, however, that the service is not used equitably. Gender, age, socio-economic, and ethnicity differences have been reported as determining factors for the use of the service and the advice given. Aim The aim of the study was to explore the communication between telenurses and callers in authentic calls to SHD 1177. Methodology A qualitative method, using critical discourse analysis (CDA), was chosen. The approach was deductive, that is, the analysis was made in view of a predetermined framework of theory. Twenty calls were strategically chosen and included in the study. Results The CDA resulted in five types of calls, namely a gatekeeping call, a gendered call, a call marked by impersonal traits, a call with voices of the life world, and finally a counter discourse call. The dominating patterns in the calls were of gatekeeping and biomedical character. Patterns of the societal gender order were found, in that representations of the reluctant male caller and the ideal female caller were identified, but also a call representing a counter discourse. The service seemed difficult to use for patients with low language proficiency. Conclusion Telenursing could potentially challenge inequalities in health care. However, the discourse of telenursing is dialectically related to neoliberal ideology and the ideology of medicine. It is also situated in a gendered context of ideal femininity and hegemonic masculinity. Through better awareness of gender biases and the callers’ different resources for making themselves heard, the communication between telenurse and caller might become more equal and thereby better suitable for all callers. PMID:24964860

Hakimnia, Roya; Holmström, Inger K.; Carlsson, Marianne; Höglund, Anna T.

2014-01-01

89

Depression and mental health in neoliberal times: a critical analysis of policy and discourse.  

PubMed

Depression has received increasing attention as a significant public health issue over the past ten years, both in Canada and elsewhere in the industrialized west. During the same period, many of the social and economic policies adopted by governments in these jurisdictions have reflected neoliberal goals and orientations. The purpose of this article is to explore the points of contact between these two features of contemporary social and political life in the industrialized west, using the Canadian province of British Columbia as an empirical site. My analysis draws on the Foucauldian literature on governmentality in presenting a close reading of provincial government documents concerned with depression and mental health literacy that have been produced since the election of the Liberal Party to office in British Columbia in 2001. This analysis identifies discourses of "responsibilization" circulating in these documents, within which individuals, families, communities and workplaces - rather than publicly-funded services - appear as key resources in responding to experiences of mental distress. It also points to a number of strategies visible in the documents that work to align the interests of individuals and their practitioners in pursuing particular approaches to treatment with a governing interest in reducing public spending on services and supports. The article concludes by identifying a number of resistive discourses and proposing further research in a range of empirical contexts within which they may be evident. PMID:19427730

Teghtsoonian, Katherine

2009-07-01

90

The Critical Policy Discourse Analysis Frame: Helping Doctoral Students Engage with the Educational Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses an issue of increasing significance in the context of taught educational doctorates and argues that this may have wider applicability for doctoral students across a range of social science disciplines. It identifies the need to engage with policy analysis as a key element of such programmes and attempts to address…

Hyatt, David

2013-01-01

91

From Choice to Change: An Analysis of the "Choice" Discourse in Canada's 2006 Federal Election  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical discourse analysis (CDA) was used to analyze the representation of Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) in the 2006 federal election in Canada. Guided by Fairclough's approach to CDA, this study analyzed written documents including newspaper articles from "The Globe and Mail" and "The National Post", the…

Richardson, Brooke; Langford, Rachel; Friendly, Martha; Rauhala, Ann

2013-01-01

92

The framing of Calvin Klein: A frame analysis of media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans advertising campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein jeans campaign which media critics characterized as “kiddie porn.” Though media placement of the campaign was limited, mainstream media reports of the nascent controversy surrounding the campaign brought it into the national spotlight. A frame analysis is used to deconstruct the kiddie?porn media frame which the industry and

Lauren R. Tucker

1998-01-01

93

Paradoxical inscriptions of global subjects: critical discourse analysis of international schools' websites in the Asia–Pacific Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of Asia–Pacific international school web pages, and explores the expressed purposes of schooling, with regard to the kinds of students\\/subjects that the schools purport to produce. Using the concept of globalization as a ‘master’ analytical frame, it is argued that despite claims to offering students unique experiences, international school web pages reproduce similar discourses in

Laurence Tamatea; Joy Hardy; Peter Ninnes

2008-01-01

94

Constructing Teaching and Research Relations from the Top: An Analysis of Senior Manager Discourses on Research-Led Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To show how research and teaching, core academic activities are discursively shaped through policy discussion we critically identify and examine the institutional effects of senior academics' discourses on research-led teaching. The analysis sheds light on the interrelationship between university policy and the powerful and productive effects of…

Mayson, Susan; Schapper, Jan

2012-01-01

95

Calling Integration into Question: A Discourse Analysis of English and "Humash" Classes at a Modern Orthodox Yeshiva High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on discourse analysis and critical literacy, this study calls into question prevailing assumptions about integration by examining talk in English and "Humash" classrooms as windows into the two worlds of a Modern Orthodox high school. The study found that the two subjects presented very different models of teaching and learning. "Humash"…

Lehmann, Devra

2008-01-01

96

How nurses understand and care for older people with delirium in the acute hospital: a Critical Discourse Analysis.  

PubMed

Delirium is a common presentation of deteriorating health in older people. It is potentially deleterious in terms of patient experience and clinical outcomes. Much of what is known about delirium is through positivist research, which forms the evidence base for disease-based classification systems and clinical guidelines. There is little systematic study of nurses' day-to-day practice of nursing patients with delirium. The aim was to uncover the kinds of knowledge that informs nurses' care and to explicate the basis of that knowledge. Critical Discourse Analysis is underpinned by the premise that powerful interests within society mediate how social practices are constructed. Links were made between the grammatical and lexical features of nurses' language about care in interviews and naturalistic settings, and the healthcare context. Care focused on the continuous surveillance of patients with delirium by nurses themselves or vicariously through other patients, and containment. Nurses influenced by major discourses of risk reduction and safety, constructed patients with delirium as risk objects. The philosophy of person-centred and dignified care advocated in nursing literature and government policy is an emerging discourse, though little evident in the data. The current dominant discourses on safety must give space to discourses of dignity and compassion. PMID:22530864

Schofield, Irene; Tolson, Debbie; Fleming, Valerie

2012-06-01

97

A Quantitative Multimodal Discourse Analysis of Teaching and Learning in a Web-Conferencing Environment--The Efficacy of Student-Centred Learning Designs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a quantitative approach to multimodal discourse analysis for analyzing online collaborative learning. The coding framework draws together the fields of systemic functional linguistics and Activity Theory to analyze interactions between collaborative-, content- and technology-related discourse. The approach is used to examine…

Bower, Matt; Hedberg, John G.

2010-01-01

98

Normative Discourse and Persuasion: An Analysis of Ga'dang Informal Litigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the discourse of Ga'dang, a Philippine language, focuses on normative discourse and persuasion, especially the ways in which the former is used to accomplish the latter. The first five chapters outline the theoretical framework of the study, placing normative and persuasive discourse in a philosophical context and relating them to the…

Walrod, Michael R.

99

Mises au point et perspectives a propos de l'analyse automatique du discours (Focuses and Perspectives with Regard to Machine Discourse Analysis)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part One discusses social formation, language, discourse, and ideology, and linguistics as a theory of syntactic mechanisms and processes of enunciation. Part Two deals with new criticisms of program design, linguistic analysis, and discursive process analysis. (Text is in French.) (Author/MSE)

Pecheux, Michel; Fuchs, Catherine

1975-01-01

100

Capitalizing on Synergies—A Discourse Analysis of the Process of Collaboration Among Providers of Integrative Health Care  

PubMed Central

Background Integrative health care (IHC) combines therapies and providers from complementary and conventional health care. Previous studies on IHC have shown power relations between providers but few studies have explored how the interaction develops over time. The objective of this study was to explore the development of IHC collaboration and interaction among participating providers during a series of consensus case conferences for managing patients with back and neck pain. Methods This qualitative study was conducted within a pragmatic randomized controlled clinical trial in primary care. Patients' treatment plans were developed based on IHC provider consensus conferences (n = 26) of which 15 (5 of the first, 5 in the middle, and 5 of the last in the clinical trial) were selected for analysis. Findings were derived by means of discourse analysis, focusing on the participants’ use of subject positions during the conferences. Findings The IHC team in this study gradually formed a group identity, moving their subject positions from individual treating subjects to members of a team and were able to make consensus-based decisions about patients’ individual treatment plans. In the discourse, the IHC team identified collaborative shortcomings and problematized the provision of IHC. They were able to capitalize on the synergies in their collaboration and developed a shared vision of IHC provision. Conclusions The process of IHC collaboration involved the gradual formation of an IHC team identity, which facilitated interdisciplinary, non-hierarchical consensus-based decision-making in the team. The discourse further suggests that a reform of some legal and organizational health sector barriers might be needed to realize sustainable implementation of IHC services in Sweden. PMID:25793967

Andermo, Susanne; Sundberg, Tobias; Forsberg, Christina; Falkenberg, Torkel

2015-01-01

101

An analysis of conceptual metaphor in the professional and academic discourse of technical communication  

E-print Network

This dissertation explores the ongoing division between technical communication practitioners and academics by examining the conceptual metaphors that underlie their discourse in professional journals and textbooks. Beginning with a demonstration...

Sherwood, Matthew Aaron

2005-02-17

102

The Challenges of Contrastive Discourse Analysis: Reflecting on a Study into the Influence of English on Students' Written Spanish on a Bilingual Education Program in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses challenges involved in contrastive discourse analysis that emerged while carrying out a follow-up study into a Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) program in Spain. Reversing the focus on English of much contrastive rhetoric work, the study investigates the effect of second-language-English on…

Maxwell-Reid, Corinne

2011-01-01

103

Preserving Respectability or Blatant Disrespect? A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Morehouse Appropriate Attire Policy and Implications for Intersectional Approaches to Examining Campus Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I conduct a critical discourse analysis of the Morehouse College Appropriate Attire Policy and discuss how issues of race, gender, and sexuality converge to reveal both overt and hidden meanings embedded in the policy. I also consider how power is used towards "other" black college men who neither fit neatly into…

Patton, Lori D.

2014-01-01

104

The Analysis of Classroom Discourse: Elementary School Science Curricula Advancing Reasoning with Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' ability to participate in scientific discourse and to appropriately use empirical evidence to support beliefs or conclusions has been consistently stated as a core goal of science education. In the present study, we analyzed the quality of scientific reasoning in elementary school science classrooms, using the Evidence-Based Reasoning…

Hardy, Ilonca; Kloetzer, Birgit; Moeller, Kornelia; Sodian, Beate

2010-01-01

105

Americans in Paris: A Discourse Analysis of Student Accounts of Study Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I provide a discourse analytical and narrative-theoretical examination of four American undergraduate students' interview accounts of study abroad in France. The key finding is that all of these students accounted for the significance of their experiences studying abroad in terms that transcended the institutionally sanctioned…

Wolcott, Timothy Paul

2010-01-01

106

Pedagogising Poverty Alleviation: A Discourse Analysis of Educational and Social Policies in Argentina and Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past decades international organisations and governments have promoted and implemented analogous education policies on the grounds that education is the key factor to foster development and fight poverty. This article sets the context of these educational programmes and analyses their discourse on poverty in Argentina and Chile. Then, it…

Rambla, Xavier; Veger, Antoni

2009-01-01

107

Pedagogising poverty alleviation: a discourse analysis of educational and social policies in Argentina and Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the past decades international organisations and governments have promoted and implemented analogous education policies on the grounds that education is the key factor to foster development and fight poverty. This article sets the context of these educational programmes and analyses their discourse on poverty in Argentina and Chile. Then, it shows how they institutionalise strict surveillance, institutional denigration of

Xavier Rambla; Antoni Veger

2009-01-01

108

Structural Characteristics of Computer-Mediated Language: A Comparative Analysis of InterChange Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares one form of synchronous computer-mediated communication, Daedalus InterChange, with analogous spoken and written corpora. Finds that the InterChange discourse mode is not merely intermediate between speaking and writing; rather the electronic medium uniquely fosters some behaviors and inhibits others, in support of the view that physical…

Ko, Kwang-Kyu

1996-01-01

109

Identification and Disidentification in Organizational Discourse: A Metaphor Analysis of E-Mail Communication at Enron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project is situated within the interpretive tradition in organizational communication research, focusing on organizational discourse. It goes further by bringing the discussion into the 21st century through examining how communication technology--specifically e-mail--plays a role in the linguistic practices that help create, maintain and…

Turnage, Anna K.

2010-01-01

110

Managing Victim Status in Group Therapy for Men: A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the abundance of research on women victims, this article sheds light on the discourse of men who are self-identified as victims of their female partners' abuse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the most salient identity constructions and abuse conceptualizations among participants of group psychotherapy for men who have…

Zverina, Michaela; Stam, Henderikus J.; Babins-Wagner, Robbie

2011-01-01

111

Discourse and Rare Diseases: Proposals for a Critical Analysis in the Spanish Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper puts forward proposals for the critical study of discourses pertaining mainly to rare diseases in Spain. It takes as a starting point the characteristics of the hypergenre referred to as social debate , together with legitimation and delegitimation as fundamental ideological functions that help in the examination of the relationship between society and communication. Based on data obtained

Antonio M. Bañón Hernández

112

Semio-Pragmatic Analysis of Cartoons Discourse: A Step towards Semiotranslation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary concern of this study is to explore the subtle implications of the "Semiotranslation Approach vis-a-vis" analyzing the semiotic elements of discourse in Jordanian cartoons as creative artistic texts in which various signs manifest simultaneous interaction, thus achieving both entertainment and purposeful satire. Therefore, the…

AlBzour, Naser Naif

2011-01-01

113

Earning One's Inheritance: Rhetorical Criticism, Everyday Talk, and the Analysis of Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes a transcribed speech in which an African American community member engaged a panel of school board officials on the topic of racial stereotypes in an elementary school science experiment. Concludes that the force of public discourse may reside less in a speaker's ability to persuade an audience than in an audience's willingness to recycle…

McCormick, Samuel

2003-01-01

114

Evaluating the Talking Cure: The Contribution of Narrative, Discourse, and Conversation Analysis to Psychotherapy Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws upon an extensive review of narrative, discourse, and conversation analyses of psychotherapy in order to outline, critically discuss, and evaluate claims made by these studies regarding the usefulness of these approaches for psychotherapy assessment. These analytic approaches are seen as compatible with the emphasis on language and meaning that characterises much of contemporary therapy theory. The claims

Eugenie Georgaca; Evrinomy Avdi

2009-01-01

115

Citizenship and Citizenship Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Zimbabwe Presidential Commission Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational discourse, like other fields, is not neutral. Through policy documents it has ideological functions of transmitting dominant cultures and serving certain sectional interest groups. In Zimbabwe 1998 was characterized by radical political discontent as witnessed by a rise in student activism and the formation of the main political…

Sigauke, Aaron T.

2011-01-01

116

The Making of Paranormal Belief: History, Discourse Analysis and the Object of Belief   

E-print Network

The present study comprises a discursive analysis of a cognitive phenomenon, paranormal beliefs. A discursive psychological approach to belief highlights that an important component of the cognitivist work has been how the ...

White, Lewis

2013-05-24

117

Exploring news media representations of women’s exercise and subjectivity through critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of media work from a critical perspective being established, much is to be learned about how women’s exercise is (re)presented within news media discourses and the implications for women’s health promotion. Health promotion researchers need to further consider the media environment in which health-related meanings are constructed and compete. Building on media research from a critical perspective,

Kerry R. McGannon; John C. Spence

2012-01-01

118

Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

PETER TEO

2000-01-01

119

Analysis of Classroom Discourse and Instructor's Awareness of Speech in a Spanish College Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an instrumental case study and consists of the description, analysis and interpretation of the teaching practices of a Spanish college instructor. The aim of this research project is to find answers to the following questions: What is the ratio of L1-L2 spoken in class? For what functions is each language used? And, are there…

Rondon-Pari, Graziela

2011-01-01

120

An Exploratory Analysis of Communication in Peer-Directed Educational Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory analysis examined the nature of asynchronous, text-based communication in peer-directed educational discussions. The nature of communication changed over time and women exhibited greater tendency for epistolary communication than men. Initial posts, which were expository in nature, focused on disseminating information whereas…

Gibbs, William J.

2009-01-01

121

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper…

Hill, Steven G.; Cable, Ted T.; Scott, David

2010-01-01

122

Career Definition and Denial: A Discourse Analysis of Graduate Trainees' Accounts of Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of "career" has long been investigated in the social sciences. It has been described as being in relationship with identity and providing a residual trace of the individual's relationship with work. A constructionist approach to research enables a focus on the language of career-talk as an opaque phenomenon. The analysis of 54…

Coupland, Christine

2004-01-01

123

Negotiating Textual Talk: Conversation Analysis, Pedagogy and the Organisation of Online Asynchronous Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses Conversation Analysis to investigate the ways in which participants in an online asynchronous postgraduate reading group managed and negotiated their contributions within the discussion. Using the conversation analytic concerns with sequential organisation, adjacency pairs and topicality, this article shows the analytic insights…

Gibson, Will

2009-01-01

124

Reporting the Rhetoric, Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child as Represented in Ireland's Second Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ireland's second periodic report to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) presents the government's case that it is succeeding in protecting and promoting the rights of all children in Ireland. This article presents a critical discourse analysis of the government's Report to the CRC. Using a refined critical discourse

Kiersey, Rachel A.; Hayes, Noirin

2010-01-01

125

Analysis of Student-Instructor Interaction Patterns in Real-Time, Scientific Online Discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The characteristics of the online environment alter how students and instructors interact. Scientific discourse among students and instructors in an online text-only synchronous environment was analyzed. In converting dialogue to text, many of the nonverbal cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which instructors use to gauge student understanding are lost. The participants adapt their communication style to the medium, and we present a new interaction pattern for student-instructor communication found prevalent in the synchronous, text-only, online environment. This study has implications for instructors who use synchronous, text-based communication for their courses, namely the value of posing additional questions from the instructor to verify student understanding.

Epp, Erik M.; Green, Kellie F.; Rahman, Aliya M.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

2010-02-01

126

Children as agents of their own health: exploratory analysis of child discourse in Spain.  

PubMed

The promotion of children's decision-making is one of the principles of health-promoting schools, and the empowerment of children means that they are enabled to influence their lifestyles and living conditions. The aim of this study was to find out the suggestions of Spanish school pupils in Year 3 and Year 6 of primary education to promote their own health and the health of the people closer to them, through their ideas about health. We analyse the discourse on health in the school environment from focus groups of primary school pupils aged around 8 and 12 of five schools in the town of Alicante (Spain). The groups were organized according to the type of school (public, private), the socioeconomic status of the neighbourhood (residential, working-class) and gender (single-sex, mixed groups) to ensure both the highest intergroup diversity and intra-group homogeneity. The findings show that primary school pupils have a wide and diverse notion of health. The application of the focus group technique has proved useful in eliciting information from groups of primary school pupils, and involving students in health-promoting programmes because it allows them to identify the social and interpersonal determinants of health. There is a firm basis to consider school pupils as health agents, particularly regarding interventions within the school environment itself. With the support of teachers, it is possible to train school pupils as community health agents, and increase their control over their own health. PMID:22669915

Davó-Blanes, María Carmen; La Parra, Daniel

2013-09-01

127

Pap smear brochures, misogyny and language: a discourse analysis and feminist critique.  

PubMed

Text from a public health brochure on pap smears was analysed with particular reference to ways in which the language used conveys particular messages about women and their bodies. In the text, 'humans' were found to be excluded as such. Both the pap smear service provider and the women who are the recipients of this service--and at whom such brochures are targeted--are objectified and their characteristics of human existence (i.e. ontological capacities) were restricted. The language of the pamphlet invokes an image for women associated with vaginal (penile penetrative) sex. The discourse also is found to be didactic, biomedical and written in the voice of the service provider. Further, the encounter of pap smear events is contextualized as procedural such that not only is the woman 'done to' in the process of having a cervical smear test but the woman's and provider's experiences of the encounter are silenced. It is concluded that the texts may be viewed as misogynist and that such texts do not take account of the complexity of women's decisions to 'submit to' or comply with cervical cancer screening. PMID:9437963

Lane, V; Lawler, J

1997-12-01

128

A historical discourse analysis of the cancerous and non-cancerous body in secondary biology textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation applies the archeological concepts developed by Michel Foucault to a study of thirteen biology textbooks (1993-2004) in order to develop an understanding of 'purchased truths' concerning cancer. This study focuses on the construction of the health/illness dialogue concerning cancer within the textbooks and not the meaning that the individual makes from reading the text; as such this study concerns itself with social truths rather than the search for an individual awareness of names, dates, or places. This study investigates the practices that allow the creation of dialogues that are inserted into a biology textbook and looks at how discursive formations create the 'truth regime' from which the biology textbook is said to speak. Using the Foucaultian themes of 'event', 'emergence', 'enunciation', and 'exteriority' a new reading of topics concerning cancer emerge from biology textbooks. Cancer is a disease that will impact the lives of countless individuals but coverage devoted to the pathology of cancer in secondary biology textbooks is very limited and no study textbook devoted a whole chapter to the discussion of cancer. There is an identified reduction in the number of pages and depth of coverage devoted to cancer in the newer biology texts compared to the older texts. Humans are pictured more than plants or animals in presentations concerning cancer with emphasis being placed on the digitalization of human cells via the scanning electron microscope. When the whole body is presented it is seldom located within the technology of disease diagnosis and treatment but rather is posed for specific social control. Just as each digitized picture of the cancerous cell in the texts is used to create a story so too are the pictures of the whole body in action. Possible story lines offered by the publishing houses concerning the reaction of the body to cancer are shown to intermingle with risk factor analysis to project a sense of Foucaultian 'governmentality' based on assumed control and self regulation by the informed reader. In conclusion a procedure is suggested to further analyze additional textbooks concerning biological/educational issues that have been recast as social problems.

Bowers, Neil Thomas

129

Discourse theory and analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Available in both print and electronic formats, the Encyclopedia of Communication Theory provides students and researchers with a comprehensive two-volume overview of contemporary communication theory. Reference librarians report that students frequently approach them seeking a source that will provide them with a quick overview of a particular theory or theorist--just enough to help them grasp the general concept or theory

Molder te H. F. M

2008-01-01

130

Are patient-centered care values as reflected in teaching scenarios really being taught when implemented by teaching faculty? A discourse analysis on an Indonesian medical school's curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  According to The Indonesian Medical Council, 2006, Indonesian competence-based medical curriculum should be oriented towards\\u000a family medicine. We aimed to find out if the educational goal of patient-centered care within family medicine (comprehensive\\u000a care and continuous care) were adequately transferred from the expected curriculum to implemented curriculum and teaching\\u000a process.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Discourse analysis was done by 3 general practitioners of scenarios

Mora Claramita; Adi H Sutomo; Mark A Graber; Albert JJ Scherpbier

2011-01-01

131

The cultural politics of national testing and test result release policy in South Korea: a critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the ideological construction of educational discourses embedded within the South Korean print media. Significantly, these discourses have recently promoted the resurrection of a sweeping national testing and test results release policy. Through careful examination of the “test plus release” policy, the authors show how the government has achieved hegemonic power by shaping public opinion through the national

Youl-Kwan Sung; Mi Ok Kang

2012-01-01

132

Islam Hadhari: An Ideological Discourse Analysis of Selected Speeches by UMNO President and Malaysia Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study explored the problem the Malay identity and society in the discourse of Malay politics. The purpose of this study was to understand how the discourse of Islam "Hadhari" as spoken by prime minister and UMNO president Abdullah Ahmad Badawi in the years 2004-2008 demonstrated the hegemony of his administration and party.…

Yahaya, Azlan R.

2012-01-01

133

A Cultural Analysis of the Achievement Gap Discourse: Challenging the Language and Labels Used in the Work of School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I critique the labels and terms used to frame practices aimed at closing the achievement gap. I examine how an unacknowledged "achievement gap Discourse" has emerged from the language that informs practices and policies of contemporary school reform. I use Gee's uppercase "Discourse" and a cultural…

Carey, Roderick L.

2014-01-01

134

A Corpus-Based Analysis of Discourse Anaphora in English and Korean: A Neo-Gricean Pragmatic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation explores discourse anaphora in English and Korean by using a neo-Gricean pragmatic approach with corpus-based data. Very little study of Korean discourse anaphora has yet taken place at the inter-sentential level, except works looking at zero anaphor and a logophoric reflexive pronoun "caki" "self." This…

Kim, Sok-Hun

2013-01-01

135

An Analysis of Discourse-Pragmatic and Grammatical Constraints on the Acquisition and Development of Referential Choice in Child English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates how discourse-pragmatics informs children's choice of referential forms. Three studies utilizing naturalistic data examine the role that six discourse-pragmatic features play in the acquisition of referential forms in a non-null subject language, English. The influence of child-directed speech on development is also…

Hughes, Mary E.

2011-01-01

136

Role Models or Normalizing Agents? A Genealogical Analysis of Popular Written News Media Discourse regarding Male Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author examines popular written news media discourse from the United States concerning the "boy crisis," the gender gap, and male teachers as role models employing genealogical methodologies and theoretical concepts suggested by Foucault (1984, 1990, 1995). It is argued that such discourses reveal how "common sense" beliefs…

Sternod, Brandon M.

2011-01-01

137

The Cultural Politics of National Testing and Test Result Release Policy in South Korea: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the ideological construction of educational discourses embedded within the South Korean print media. Significantly, these discourses have recently promoted the resurrection of a sweeping national testing and test results release policy. Through careful examination of the "test plus release" policy, the authors show how the…

Sung, Youl-Kwan; Kang, Mi Ok

2012-01-01

138

Envisioning the Third Sector's Welfare Role: Critical Discourse Analysis of ‘Post-Devolution’ Public Policy in the UK 1998–2012  

PubMed Central

Welfare state theory has struggled to come to terms with the role of the third sector. It has often categorized welfare states in terms of the pattern of interplay between state social policies and the structure of the labour market. Moreover, it has frequently offered an exclusive focus on state policy – thereby failing to substantially recognize the role of the formally organized third sector. This study offers a corrective view. Against the backdrop of the international shift to multi-level governance, it analyses the policy discourse of third sector involvement in welfare governance following devolution in the UK. It reveals the changing and contrasting ways in which post-devolution territorial politics envisions the sector's role as a welfare provider. The mixed methods analysis compares policy framing and the structural narratives associated with the development of the third sector across the four constituent polities of the UK since 1998. The findings reveal how devolution has introduced a new spatial policy dynamic. Whilst there are elements of continuity between polities – such as the increasing salience of the third sector in welfare provision – policy narratives also provide evidence of the territorialization of third sector policy. From a methodological standpoint, this underlines the distinctive and complementary role discourse-based analysis can play in understanding contemporary patterns and processes shaping welfare governance. PMID:25574063

Chaney, Paul; Wincott, Daniel

2014-01-01

139

Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ar Rika fault zone constitutes one of the two major parts of the NW-SE Najd fault system (NFS), which is one of the most prominent structural features located in the east of the center of the Arabian Shield, Saudi Arabia. By using Enhancement Thematic Mapper data (ETM+) and Principle Component Analysis (PCA), surface geological characteristics, distribution of rock types, and the different trends of linear features and faults are determined in the study area. First and second order magnetic gradients of the geomagnetic field at the North East of Wadi Ar Rika have been calculated in the frequency domain to map both surface and subsurface lineaments and faults. Lineaments as deduced from previous studies, suggest an extension of the NFS beneath the cover rocks in the study area. In the present study, integration of magnetic gradients and remote sensing analysis that resulted in different valuable derivative maps confirm the subsurface extension of some of the surface features. The 3D Euler deconvolution, the total gradient, and the tilt angle maps have been utilized to determine accurately the distribution of shear zones, the tectonic implications, and the internal structures of the terranes in the Ar Rika quadrangle in three dimensions.

Abdelazeem, Maha; El-Sawy, El-Sawy K.; Gobashy, Mohamed M.

2013-06-01

140

Latina/o Health Discourses in Newsprint Media from 2006-2010: A Content Analysis of Four Syndicated Newspapers  

E-print Network

Latina/o health discourses stem from historical and social notions of biological, cultural, and racial inferiority. Popular U.S. newspapers pay scant attention to Latina/o health concerns and often inaccurately portray Latinas/os as undeserving...

Ortega, Frank J

2013-12-11

141

Globalisation and policy borrowing in education : a discourse-historical analysis of HIV/AIDS prevention in Uganda   

E-print Network

Educational discourses, practices and institutions are increasingly shaped today by forces and envoys of a globalised world. Research suggests that functional integration into a neo-liberal world economy compels many ...

Barnowe-Meyer, Brooke; Meyer, Brooke Barnowe

2014-07-04

142

Adolescent pregnancies and girls' sexual and reproductive rights in the amazon basin of Ecuador: an analysis of providers' and policy makers' discourses  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescent pregnancies are a common phenomenon that can have both positive and negative consequences. The rights framework allows us to explore adolescent pregnancies not just as isolated events, but in relation to girls' sexual and reproductive freedom and their entitlement to a system of health protection that includes both health services and the so called social determinants of health. The aim of this study was to explore policy makers' and service providers' discourses concerning adolescent pregnancies, and discuss the consequences that those discourses have for the exercise of girls' sexual and reproductive rights' in the province of Orellana, located in the amazon basin of Ecuador. Methods We held six focus-group discussions and eleven in-depth interviews with 41 Orellana's service providers and policy makers. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using discourse analysis, specifically looking for interpretative repertoires. Results Four interpretative repertoires emerged from the interviews. The first repertoire identified was "sex is not for fun" and reflected a moralistic construction of girls' sexual and reproductive health that emphasized abstinence, and sent contradictory messages regarding contraceptive use. The second repertoire -"gendered sexuality and parenthood"-constructed women as sexually uninterested and responsible mothers, while men were constructed as sexually driven and unreliable. The third repertoire was "professionalizing adolescent pregnancies" and lead to patronizing attitudes towards adolescents and disregard of the importance of non-medical expertise. The final repertoire -"idealization of traditional family"-constructed family as the proper space for the raising of adolescents while at the same time acknowledging that sexual abuse and violence within families was common. Conclusions Providers' and policy makers' repertoires determined the areas that the array of sexual and reproductive health services should include, leaving out the ones more prone to cause conflict and opposition, such as gender equality, abortion provision and welfare services for pregnant adolescents. Moralistic attitudes and sexism were present - even if divergences were also found-, limiting services' capability to promote girls' sexual and reproductive health and rights. PMID:20525405

2010-01-01

143

A SIMPLE DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. TRANSFORMATIONS AND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS PAPERS, NUMBER 67, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER IS A SIMPLIFIED DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. IT IS NEITHER ASSUMED NOR IMPLIED IN THIS ALGORITHM THAT ANY KIND OF PRIOR ANALYSIS (EITHER STRING OR CONSTITUENT ANALYSIS) IS REQUIRED AS A PREREQUISITE. IN ORDER TO DEFINE THE SET OF ALL TRANSFORMS, THE AUTHORS FIRST DEFINE A…

HIZ, DANUTA; JOSHI, ARAVIND K.

144

Age transcended: a semiotic and rhetorical analysis of the discourse of agelessness in North American anti-aging skin care advertisements.  

PubMed

Drawing from a collection of over 160 North American print advertisements for anti-aging skin care products from January to December of 2009, this paper examines the discourse of agelessness, a vision of esthetic perfection and optimal health that is continually referred to by gerontologists, cultural theorists, and scientific researchers as a state of being to which humankind can aspire. Employing critical discourse analysis through the use of semiotics and visual rhetoric, this paper explores the means through which anti-aging skin care advertisements present to their viewers a particular object of desire, looking, more specifically, at how agelessness is presented as a way out and ultimate transcendence of age. Through the analytical tools of semiotics and visual rhetoric, four visions of agelessness are identified and explored in this paper: Agelessness as Scientific Purity, Agelessness as Genetic Impulse, Agelessness as Nature's Essence, and Agelessness as Myth. Whether found in the heights of scientific purity, the inner core of our genetic impulse, the depths of nature's essence, or whether agelessness itself has reached its own, untouchable, mythic status, the advertisements in this study represent one of the most pervasive vehicles through which our current vision(s) of ageless perfection are reflected, reinforced, and suspended in a drop of cream. PMID:24655670

Ellison, Kirsten L

2014-04-01

145

A Tutorial on Multiblock Discriminant Correspondence Analysis (MUDICA): A New Method for Analyzing Discourse Data from Clinical Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In communication disorders research, clinical groups are frequently described based on patterns of performance, but researchers often study only a few participants described by many quantitative and qualitative variables. These data are difficult to handle with standard inferential tools (e.g., analysis of variance or factor analysis)…

Williams, Lynne J.; Abdi, Herve; French, Rebecca; Orange, Joseph B.

2010-01-01

146

The HIV/AIDS caregiver identity as a double-edged sword: a discourse analysis on HIV/AIDS caregiving in South Africa.  

PubMed

This article discusses the identity of HIV/AIDS caregivers as constructed by a group of HIV/AIDS caregivers at a non-profit organisation in South Africa. During a 12-month period data were collected through interviews with the organisation's staff and volunteers. Using discourse analysis, the study identified a caregiver identity constructed by participants. This caregiving identity acts as a double-edged sword: while the rewards of caregiving act as a buffer against stressful experiences, the prescriptive nature of the caregiver identity is taxing, and may explain burnout among HIV/AIDS caregivers. The study concludes that for support systems for HIV/AIDS caregivers to be effective, the social culture and identity of HIV/AIDS caregivers must be considered. PMID:25388980

Ranjbar, Vania

2014-09-01

147

The Achievement Gaps and Mathematics Education: An Analysis of the U.S. Political Discourse in Light of Foucault's Governmentality  

E-print Network

The research question that I posed for this investigation is how the principles of Foucault’s governmentality can shed light on the political discourse on the achievement gaps (AGs) at the federal level. The AGs have been for some years now...

Indiogine, Salvatore Enrico Paolo

2013-08-06

148

An Analysis of Peer Interaction Patterns as Discoursed by On-Line Small Group Problem-Solving Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, numerous on-line discussion forums have been developed for educational purposes; therefore, a better understanding about peer student discussion or discourse interactions is quite important. Through gathering peer learning interactions on 57 college computer science students, who were randomly assigned into 14 small groups for solving…

Liu, Chen-Chung; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2008-01-01

149

A discourse analysis of power in relation to PSYCHLOPS (Psychological outcome profiles) in the context of CBT for psychosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: Outcome measures (OMs) and routine change measurement have developed dramatically in psychological therapies over the last two decades and some therapists have expressed concerns that this, depending on how it is handled by the parties involved, can markedly affect the therapy. However, little research has investigated this. It therefore seemed timely to explore discourses of OMs drawn upon by

Vikki Kelly; Sue Holttum; Chris Evans; Melanie Shepherd

2012-01-01

150

Public Discourse on HIV and AIDS: An Archival Analysis of National Newspaper Reporting in Uganda, 1996-2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uganda is recognised as an early success story in the HIV epidemic at least in part due to an open and vigorous national dialogue about HIV prevention. This study examined the national discourse about HIV, AIDS, and young people in New Vision, Uganda's leading national newspaper between 1996 and 2011, building from a previous archival…

Lagone, Elizabeth; Mathur, Sanyukta; Nakyanjo, Neema; Nalugoda, Fred; Santelli, John

2014-01-01

151

Teachers in the News: A Critical Analysis of One US Newspaper's Discourse on Education, 2006-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative…

Cohen, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

152

Discourse and Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article contends that students whose discourses differ from the dominant academic discourses of school may develop negative writer identities as a result of their language struggles in the academy. Using Critical Discourse analysis, the study explores the writer identities of two college writers in order to understand how embedded ideologies…

Fernsten, Linda

2005-01-01

153

Small Talk at Work: A Corpus Based Discourse Analysis of AAC and Non-AAC Device Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work is an analysis of small talk in the workplace. The study is intended to fill two main research gaps in the relatively young field of small talk in the workplace studies: On one hand, the lack of quantitative data that would account for the dimensions and the proportions of the elements of small talk interactions; on the other hand, the…

Di Ferrante, Laura

2013-01-01

154

"Joyful Learning" in Rural Indian Primary Schools: An Analysis of Social Control in the Context of Child-Centred Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to improve the "quality" of education for all in government primary schools in India have seen a shift towards child-centred teaching. This paper examines the "Joyful Learning" programme, an example of a pedagogic reform implemented in rural primary schools in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. Through an empirical analysis of…

Sriprakash, Arathi

2009-01-01

155

Computer-Supported Collaborative Inquiry on Buoyancy: A Discourse Analysis Supporting the "Pieces" Position on Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes in detail a conversation analysis of conceptual change in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. Conceptual change is an essential learning process in science education that has yet to be fully understood. While many models and theories have been developed over the last three decades, empirical data to…

Turcotte, Sandrine

2012-01-01

156

Producing children in the 21st century: a critical discourse analysis of the science and techniques of monitoring early child development.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to identify the implications of commonly held ideologies within theories of child development. Despite critiques to doing so, developmental theory assumes that children's bodies are unitary, natural and material. The recent explosion of neuroscience illustrates the significance of historical, social and cultural contexts to portrayals of brain development, offering the opportunity for a critical departure in thinking. Instead, this neuroscience research has been taken up in ways that align with biomedical traditions and neoliberal values. This article uses a critical discursive approach, supported by Haraway's ideas of technoscience, to analyse a population-based early child development research initiative. This initiative organises a large-scale surveillance of children's development, operating from the premise that risks to development are best captured early to optimise children's potential. The analysis in this article shows an intermingling of health and economic discourses and clarifies how the child is a figure of significant contemporary social and political interests. In a poignant example of technobiopolitics, the collusion between health research, technologies and the state enrols health professionals to participate in the production of children as subjects of social value, figured as human capital, investments in the future, or alternatively, as waste. The analysis shows how practices that participate in what has become a developmental enterprise also participate in the marginalisation of the very children they intend to serve. Hence, there is the need to rethink practices critically and move towards innovative conceptualisations of child development that hold possibilities to resist these figurations. PMID:23345326

Einboden, Rochelle; Rudge, Trudy; Varcoe, Colleen

2013-11-01

157

Are patient-centered care values as reflected in teaching scenarios really being taught when implemented by teaching faculty? A discourse analysis on an Indonesian medical school's curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background According to The Indonesian Medical Council, 2006, Indonesian competence-based medical curriculum should be oriented towards family medicine. We aimed to find out if the educational goal of patient-centered care within family medicine (comprehensive care and continuous care) were adequately transferred from the expected curriculum to implemented curriculum and teaching process. Methods Discourse analysis was done by 3 general practitioners of scenarios and learning objectives of an Indonesian undergraduate medical curriculum. The coders categorized those sentences into two groups: met or unmet the educational goal of patient-centered care. Results Text analysis showed gaps in patient-centered care training between the scenarios and the learning objectives which were developed by both curriculum committee and the block planning groups and the way in which the material was taught. Most sentences in the scenarios were more relevant to patient-centered care while most sentences in the learning objectives were more inclined towards disease-perspectives. Conclusions There is currently a discrepancy between expected patient-centered care values in the scenario and instructional materials that are being used. PMID:21513582

2011-01-01

158

Perceptions of tooth loss and periodontal problems in an independent elderly population: Content-analysis of interview discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oral health\\/illness and surrounding socio-demographic and behavioral phenomena are poorly documented in the Mexican elderly. To establish the rationales explaining oral health\\/illness and tailor a Health Promotion intervention (1995--1997) accordingly, an interview nested in a questionnaire was done at baseline, with the recording of 228 interviews transcribed verbatim. Every transcript was subsequently assessed by content-analysis. Results showed that lack of

Gerardo Maupomé; Aída Borges; Lucía E. Ramírez; Javier Díez-de-Bonilla

1999-01-01

159

Social aspects of classroom learning: Results of a discourse analysis in an inquiry-oriented physical chemistry class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engaging students in classroom discourse offers opportunities for students to participate in the construction of joint understandings, to negotiate relationships between different types of evidence, and to practice making evidence-based claims about science content. However, close attention to social aspects of learning is critical to creating inquiry-oriented classroom environments in which students learn with understanding. This study examined the social influences that contribute to classroom learning in an inquiry-oriented undergraduate physical chemistry class using the Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) approach. A qualitative approach to analyzing classroom discourse derived from Toulmin's (1968) model of argumentation was used to document patterns in classroom reasoning that reflect normative aspects of social interaction. Adapting the constructs of social and sociomathematical norms from the work of Yackel and Cobb (1996), I describe social aspects of the classroom environment by discussing normative aspects of social interaction (social norms) and discipline-specific criteria related to reasoning and justification in chemistry contexts, referred to here as sociochemical norms. This work discusses four social norms and two sociochemical norms that were documented over a five-week period of observation in Dr. Black's POGIL physical chemistry class. In small group activities, the socially established expectations that students explain reasoning, negotiate understandings of terminology and symbolic representations, and arrive at a consensus on critical thinking questions shaped small group interactions and reasoning. In whole class discussion, there was an expectation that students share reasoning with the class, and that the instructor provide feedback on student reasoning in ways that extended student contributions and elaborated relationships between macroscopic, particulate, and symbolic-level ideas. The ways in which the class constructed evidence-based claims about chemistry content reflected the influence of sociochemical norms that were enacted through classroom discourse. Two sociochemical norms were documented in both whole class and small group activities: first, the class used particulate-level evidence to make claims about chemical and physical properties; second, particular ways of using mathematical reasoning to justify claims about thermodynamics content became normative for the class. These similarities and differences between social and sociochemical norms in small group and whole class discussion highlight ways in which instructor facilitation can support productive interactions in classroom activities.

Becker, Nicole M.

160

Reaching out to people struggling with their lives: a discourse analysis of answers from Internet-based services in Norway and Sweden  

PubMed Central

The Internet has enlarged the scope of human communication, opening new avenues for connecting with people who are struggling with their lives. This article presents a discourse analysis of 101 responses to 98 questions that were posted on 14 different Internet-based mental health services in Norway and Sweden. We aimed to examine and describe the dominant understandings and favored recommendations in the services’ answers, and we reflected upon the social consequences of those answers. The services generally understood life struggles as an abnormal state of mind, life rhythms, or self-reinforcing loops. Internet-based mental health services primarily counsel service users to seek help, talk to health care professionals face-to-face, and discuss their life struggles openly and honestly. They also urge service users to take better care of themselves and socialize with other people. However, such answers might enhance the individualization of life problems, masking social origin and construction. Consequently, the services are challenged to include social explanations in their answers and strengthen their responsibility to amplify peoples’ messages at a societal level. Potentially, such answers could strengthen democratic structures and put pressure on social equity. PMID:23049282

Andersen, Anders Johan W; Svensson, Tommy

2012-01-01

161

Language discourses and identity construction in a multilingual South African primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a critical analysis of institutional discourse(s) about English, analysing what discourses dominate, how and why particular discourses come to dominate, and the extent to which these discourses remain endorsed. Furthermore, the paper considers the relationship between language, identity and power relations, specifically how learners are socialised into different identity positions. Discourse is understood as a ‘general mode

Pinky Makoe

2007-01-01

162

Family Policy, Welfare, and Single Motherhood in the United States and Denmark: A Cross-National Analysis of Discourse and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasts family and child-care discourse and policies in United States and Denmark, with focus on discourse about the poor, about women and welfare, about single motherhood, and about the role of government in providing for children. Critically analyzes dissolution of U.S. social "safety net" and contrasts it with Danish discourse of universalism…

Polakow, Valerie

1997-01-01

163

Mapping Mathematics in Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a particular analytic method from systemic functional linguistics, "thematic analysis," which reveals the mathematical meaning potentials construed in discourse. Addressing concerns that discourse analysis is too often content-free, thematic analysis provides a way to represent semantic structures of mathematical content,…

Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth A.; Otten, Samuel

2011-01-01

164

Discourses of Education and Constitutions of Class: Public Discourses on Education in Swedish PBS Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on post-structural perspectives and analysis of television programs on education, the article investigates the public educational discourse in Sweden. It shows how a dominant neoliberal educational discourse is articulated together with a discourse of equal education, where the two discourses influence and subvert each other so that…

Reimers, Eva

2014-01-01

165

Educational Policy-Making in Post-Communist Ukraine as an Example of Emerging Governmentality: Discourse Analysis of Curriculum Choice and Assessment Policy Documents (1999-2003)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational policy-making in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is still building upon the ambivalences and uncertainties of post-communist transformation. The international support, expertise and discourses--coupled with communist legacies, stalled democratic developments and national discourses--produce unique effects on education in…

Fimyar, Olena

2008-01-01

166

`We are Dealing with People Whose Origins One can Clearly Tell Just by Looking': Critical Discourse Analysis and the Study of Neo-Racism in Contemporary Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the discourse of neo-racism towards foreigners in Austria between 1989 and 1991. It summarizes the preliminary results of an ongoing interdisciplinary project, and offers illustrative examples of official discourse (politicians), newspaper texts and anonymous conversations on the street recorded during the Waldheim campaign of 1987 and the Viennese municipal election of 1991. The study suggests that

Ruth Wodak; Bernd Matouschek

1993-01-01

167

Expanding discourse repertoires with hybridity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In "Hybrid discourse practice and science learning" Kamberelis and Wehunt present a theoretically rich argument about the potential of hybrid discourses for science learning. These discourses draw from different forms of "talk, social practice, and material practices" to create interactions that are "intertextually complex" and "interactionally dynamic." The hybrid discourse practices are described as involving the dynamic interplay of at least three key elements: "the lamination of multiple cultural frames, the shifting relations between people and their discourse, and the shifting power relations between and among people." Each of these elements requires a respective unit of analysis and are often mutually reinforcing. The authors present a theoretically cogent argument for the study of hybrid discourse practices and identify the potential such discourses may have for science education. This theoretical development leads to an analysis of spoken and written discourse around a set of educational events concerning the investigation of owl pellets by two fifth grade students, their classmates, and teacher. Two discourse segments are presented and analyzed by the authors in detail. The first is a discourse analysis of the dissection of the owl pellet by two students, Kyle and Max. The second analysis examines the science report of these same two students. In this article, I pose a number of questions about the study with the hope that by doing so I expand the conversation around the insightful analysis presented.

Kelly, Gregory J.

2012-09-01

168

Identification of quality of life concerns of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea at the time of initiation of continuous positive airway pressure: A discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common condition with multiple symptoms dominated by daytime somnolence. Thus many worries and concerns of patients remain hidden. Treatment by nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can be imposing for the individual. An analysis of the freely expressed concerns of such patients is required. Objective: To seek an in-depth analysis of how

D. Veale; G. Poussin; F. Benes; J.-L. Pepin; P. Levy

2002-01-01

169

An Analysis of Written Discourse of North Korean Second Language Speakers of English: Its Linguistic Features and Their Discursive Functions with Pragmatic Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examined linguistic and pragmatic characteristics of written discourse of North Korean second language speakers of English comparing it with that of North American native speakers of English by analyzing linguistic features used in the two sets of texts and their discursive functions based on Biber's (1995) and Hinkel's…

Kim, Seung Hwa

2011-01-01

170

A Corpus-Based Analysis of the Discourse Functions of "Ser/Estar" + Adjective in Three Levels of Spanish as FL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the acquisition of Spanish's two copulas, "ser" and "estar," provides an understanding of the interaction among syntax, semantics, pragmatics, morphology, and vocabulary during development (e.g., Geeslin, 2003a, 2003b; Gunterman, 1992; Ryan & Lafford, 1992). Recent research suggests that linguistic features in the surrounding discourse

Collentine, Joe; Asencion-Delaney, Yuly

2010-01-01

171

Influence of poll results on the advocates’ political discourse: An application of functional analysis debates to online messages in the 2002 Korean presidential election  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how online users employed three functional utterances—acclaim, attack, and defense—when they provided support for candidates and criticized opponent candidates during the 2002 presidential election campaign in Korea. The online postings are a forum for political discourse. Overall, the online forum participants rely heavily on attacks when debating the merit of the presidential candidates. The advocates of the

Yun Jung Choi; Cheolhan Lee; Jong Hyuk Lee

2004-01-01

172

Aspects theoretiques et methodologiques de la recherche sur le traitement discursif des representations sociales (Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of Research on the Discourse Analysis of Social Representations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents some theoretical reflections on the relationship between social representations-as they are conceptualized in sociopsychology--and discourse. An interdisciplinary point of view is advocated that accounts for both linguistics and sociopsychology. Methodological comments are presented and a way to convey theoretical reflections…

Matthey, Marinette

2000-01-01

173

Forests, discourses, institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leading question of this Forest Policy and Economics special issue is whether, how and to what extent forest governance processes can be better understood by means of discourse analysis and the science-policy interface. This article focuses on discourses only, but it does so from an institutional perspective. The reasons to advocate this so-called discursive-institutional approach are threefold: (1) to

Bas Arts; Marleen Buizer

2009-01-01

174

Gendered Discourse about Family Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language patterns of family business owners were explored by identifying discourse styles and emphasized ideas in four presenting contexts: business, family, intersection of family and business, and business success. The content analysis supports the existence of a general discourse style within family businesses and of similarities and…

Danes, Sharon M.; Haberman, Heather R.; McTavish, Donald

2005-01-01

175

Honeymoon, medical treatment or big business? An analysis of the meanings of the term “reproductive tourism” in German and Israeli public media discourses  

PubMed Central

Background/Introduction Infertile couples that travel to another country for reproductive treatment do not refer to themselves as “reproductive tourists”. They might even be offended by this term. “Tourism” is a metaphor with hidden connotations. We will analyze these connotations in public media discourses on “reproductive tourism” in Israel and Germany. We chose to focus on these two countries since legal, ethical and religious restrictions give couples a similar motivation to travel for reproductive care, while the cultural backgrounds and conceptions of reproduction are different. Results Our research shows that the use of the metaphor “reproductive treatment” and its hidden messages depends on the writers’ intention and the target population. Although the phenomenon of patients travelling for reproductive treatment can fit into the definitions of tourism, the term emphasizes aspects that do not reflect patients’ reality. In both the German and the Israeli public media debate the term “reproductive tourism” is either used to criticize the economic aspects of the phenomenon or to attract patients as potential clients. Conclusions Ethicists should be cautious when borrowing metaphors like “reproductive tourism” from the public debate. Our findings support Penning’s suggestion to use instead an unloaded term like cross-border reproductive care to describe the phenomenon in a more neutral way and to make it explicit whenever criticism is necessary. PMID:23962355

2013-01-01

176

Analyzing the Cohesion of English Text and Discourse with Automated Computer Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the lexical and discourse features of English text and discourse with automated computer technologies. Specifically, this article examines the cohesion of English text and discourse with automated computer tools, Coh-Metrix and TEES. Coh-Metrix is a text analysis computer tool that can analyze English text and discourse

Jeon, Moongee

2014-01-01

177

Object-Oriented Analysis, Structured Analysis, and Jackson System Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conceptual modeling is the activity of producing a conceptual model of an actual or desired version of a universe of discourse (UoD). In this paper, two methods of conceptual modeling are compared, structured analysis (SA) and object-oriented analysis (OOA). This is done by transforming a model produced by the one into a model produced by the other method, using heuristics

R. J. Wieringa; F. Van Assche; B. Moulin; C. Rolland

1991-01-01

178

Translation and Text-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of translation is to enable an audience in a Target Language to understand a text/discourse which was ultimately not intended for them. The primary goal of text-analysis is to further the understanding of phenomena inside one language. There are several similarities between translation and text-analysis: both translation and…

Barbe, Katharina

179

Rhetorical Analysis in Critical Policy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetorical analysis, an approach to critical discourse analysis, is presented as a useful method for critical policy analysis and its effort to understand the role policies play in perpetuating inequality. A rhetorical analysis of Character "Matters!", the character education policy of a school board in Ontario, Canada, provides an…

Winton, Sue

2013-01-01

180

History Through First-Year Secondary School Spanish Textbooks: A Content Analysis  

E-print Network

A critical discourse analysis of Spanish heritage languagediscourse, and textbooks: The coverage of immigration in SpanishSpanish Heritage Language textbooks, Ducar reports that “students have begun to internalize this discourse

Holley-Kline, Sam

2013-01-01

181

From Focus Groups to Peer Discourse Sessions: The Evolution of a Method to Capture Language, Meaning, and Negotiation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe a unique approach to conducting and analyzing focus groups, described as peer discourse analysis. The primary objective of this analysis is to examine the shape and form of the discourses and negotiations that develop organically among peers in discussions of social issues. Peer discourse analysis has both…

Manuel, Tiffany; Kendall-Taylor, Nathaniel

2009-01-01

182

Corporate Discourse and the Academy: A Polemic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical analysis of vocabulary, imagery, and rhetoric in business texts shows that higher education is adopting a free-market discourse depicting the academy in terms of a knowledge industry or revenue generator in which intellectual resources are "leveraged" and knowledge is a "commodity." This discourse is characterized as management centered,…

Webster, Gary

2003-01-01

183

Talk in Interaction in the Speech-Language Pathology Clinic: Bringing Theory to Practice through Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of learning about and applying clinical discourse analysis to enhance the talk in interaction in the speech-language pathology clinic is discussed. The benefits of analyzing clinical discourse to explicate therapy dynamics are described.

Leaby, Margaret M.; Walsh, Irene P.

2008-01-01

184

Discourse Analysis of Encouragement in Healthcare Manga  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how healthcare professionals use encouragement. Focusing on GAMBARU ["to try hard"], forty-one scenes were collected from healthcare manga. Each scene of encouragement was analyzed from three perspectives; the contextual background of the communication, the relationship with the patients and the patients' response to the…

Matsuoka, Rieko; Smith, Ian; Uchimura, Mari

2011-01-01

185

Diversity Education Goals: A Policy Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many U.S. colleges and universities have established student learning outcomes for diversity education in their general education programs. These education goals, frequently developed for assessment or other policy purposes, convey a range of possible purposes for diversity and multicultural learning. The manner in which these purposes are…

Swain, Stuart

2012-01-01

186

Education and Nationalism: The Discourse of Education Policy in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper draws on critical discourse analysis to examine and discuss some of the key developments in the governing of education in Scotland since the election of the Scottish National Party (SNP) government in May 2007. It analyses these developments, drawing on a study of key policy texts and suggests that discourse analysis has much to…

Arnott, Margaret; Ozga, Jenny

2010-01-01

187

Retroactive Inhibition of Meaningful Discourse (A Monograph)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph analyzes theoretical and methodological problems that may have prevented previous research from detecting retroactive inhibition with meaningful discourse and reports on two experiments based on the analysis. (Author/TA)

Anderson, Richard C.; Myrow, David L.

1971-01-01

188

Analyzing Discourse: Text and Talk. Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics (Washington, D.C., 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Georgetown Round Table on discourse analysis dealt with the following aspects of the topic: Emerson's essay on language; oral remembering and narrative structures; persuasive discourse; social construction of topical cohesion; discourse as an interactional achievement; the place of intonation; topic as the unit of analysis in a criminal law…

Tannen, Deborah, Ed.

189

Tensions between Discourses of Development, Religion, and Human Capital in Early Childhood Education Policy Texts: The Case of Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we consider how particular discourses have come to dominate early childhood education (ECE) policy in Indonesia. We briefly explain the governance of Indonesian ECE and then our approach to policy analysis using critical discourse analysis. Three prevalent discourses are identified and discussed: "developmentalism",…

Formen, Ali; Nuttall, Joce

2014-01-01

190

Constructing the experience of chronic pain through discourse.  

PubMed

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the discourses used by people with chronic pain. Using qualitative interview data from five Irish people with a variety of chronic pain conditions, Foucauldian discourse analysis was undertaken to identify the discourses in operation in participants' accounts. Three discourses were identified: a moral discourse, a discourse of pain as personal tragedy, and a biomedical discourse. A moral discourse was used to construct participants as moral individuals experiencing real pain who try to accomplish activities and fulfil social roles without burdening others. The discourse of chronic pain as personal tragedy describes the multiple negative consequences of chronic pain including activity, relationship, physical, financial, and emotional consequences, and changed expectations of the future. This discourse bolsters the moral discourse through rejecting any benefits associated with chronic pain. Participants rejected a biomedical discourse by proposing their own explanatory models of pain, resisting psychosocial understandings of pain, criticizing medical professionals and healthcare services, and challenging medical expertise, professionalism, and power. These practices allow participants to reject the patient subject-position with its attendant passivity and requirements for adherence and compliance. PMID:23016628

Robinson, Katie; Kennedy, Norelee; Harmon, Dominic

2013-03-01

191

DiZer: An Automatic Discourse Analyzer for Brazilian Portuguese  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents DiZer, an automatic DIscourse analyZER for Brazilian Portuguese. Given a source text, the system automatically produces its corresponding rhetorical analysis, following Rhetorical Structure Theory - RST (Mann and Thompson, 1987). A rhetorical repository, which is DiZer main component, makes the automatic analysis possible. This repository, produced by means of a corpus analysis, includes discourse analysis patterns that

Thiago Alexandre Salgueiro Pardo; Maria Das Graças Volpe Nunes; Lucia Helena Machado Rino

2004-01-01

192

Persuasive Discourse Impairments in Traumatic Brain Injury  

PubMed Central

Background: Considering the cognitive and linguistic complexity of discourse production, it is expected that individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) should face difficulties in this task. Therefore, clinical examination of discourse has become a useful tool for studying and assessment of communication skills of people suffering from TBI. Among different genres of discourse, persuasive discourse is considered as a more cognitively demanding task. However, little is known about persuasive discourse in individuals suffering from TBI. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of adults with TBI on a task of spoken persuasive discourse to determine the impaired linguistic measures. Patients and Methods: Thirteen TBI nonaphasic Persian speaking individuals, ranged between 19 to 40 years (Mean = 25.64 years; SD = 6.10) and 59 healthy adults matched by age, were asked to perform the persuasive discourse task. The task included asking the participants to express their opinion on a topic, and after the analysis of the produced discourse, the two groups were compared on the basis of their language productivity, sentential complexity, maze ratio and cohesion ratio. Results: The TBI group produced discourses with less productivity, sentential complexity, cohesion ratio and more maze ratio compared the control group. Conclusions: As it is important to consider acquired communication disorders particularly discourse impairment of brain injured patients along with their other clinical impairments and regarding the fact that persuasive discourse is crucial in academic and social situations, the persuasive discourse task presented in this study could be a useful tool for speech therapists, intending to evaluate communication disorders in patients with TBI.

Ghayoumi, Zahra; Yadegari, Fariba; Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Behrooz; Fakharian, Esmaeil; Rahgozar, Mehdi; Rasouli, Maryam

2015-01-01

193

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: Discourses of rights and empowerment vs discourses of control and exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS circulating in sub-Saharan Africa are identified. These are medical, medico-moral, developmental (distinguishing between 'women in development' and gender and development perspectives), legal, ethical, and the rights discourse of groups living with HIV\\/AIDS and of African pressure groups. The analytical framework is that of discourse analysis as exemplified by Michel Foucault. The medical and medico-moral are

Gill Seidel

1993-01-01

194

Constructing Childhood: Discourses about School Violence in the Greek Daily Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the construction of discourses about childhood in the Greek daily press. It employs the theoretical frameworks of the new sociology of childhood and critical discourse analysis to question which discourses of childhood are constructed in the daily press presenting cases where children were the victimisers in school violent…

Avgitidou, Sofia; Stamou, Anastasia G.

2013-01-01

195

The Common Topoi of STEM Discourse: An Apologia and Methodological Proposal, with Pilot Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author proposes a methodology for the rhetorical analysis of scientific, technical, mathematical, and engineering (STEM) discourse based on the common topics (topoi) of this discourse. Beginning with work by Miller, Prelli, and other rhetoricians of STEM discourse--but factoring in related studies in cognitive linguistics--she…

Walsh, Lynda

2010-01-01

196

The discourses of sexuality in curriculum documents on sexuality education: an Australian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies three underlying discourses on the nature of sexuality evident in two Department of Education curriculum documents on sexuality education in Victoria, Australia, over the past 15 years. These discourses are a cultural ‘preservation’ perspective, a risk minimisation perspective, and a view that sexual expression should enable cultural and individual enlightenment and emancipation. This analysis of underpinning discourses

Cathleen Farrelly; Maureen OBrien; Vaughan Prain

2007-01-01

197

Teaching Discourse Intonation with Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazil's system of discourse intonation (DI) is critically appraised, and some shortcomings are described. Modifications to DI are suggested, the most important being to recognize that tones have meanings derived from two functions: firstly to indicate the distribution of knowledge between speaker and listener--the analysis of tone in yes/no…

Beaken, Mike

2009-01-01

198

Discourse Factors in the Evaluation of Language Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Features of connected discourse that have been identified by discourse analysis may be applied to the evaluation of oral proficiency in a second language. For example, in the area of semantics, a speaker's control of the cause-result relationship involves, among other things, the ability to produce the different grammatical and lexical…

Litteral, Robert

199

The Discourses of OERs: How "Flat" Is This World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 2000) as a tool for identifying the various discourses that can be found in the provision of open educational resources. The argument will be built upon the concept of a "flat world", a powerful metaphor used by Friedman in his famous book "The World is Flat" (2005). The discussion will…

dos Santos, Andreia Inamorato

2008-01-01

200

Discourses of Gender in the Contemporary British Army  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is about the discourses of gender which circulate within debates about the inclusion of women in the British Army. Drawing on material from elite policy debates within the British Ministry of Defence, Army, and Parliament, the article uses a methodology informed by theories of discourse analysis to examine how the figures of the male and female soldier are

Rachel Woodward; Patricia Winter

2004-01-01

201

Speaking of “Disorderly” Objects: A poetics of pedagogical discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

To interrogate pedagogical discourses relating to child behaviour as “practices that systematically form the objects of which they speak” this paper features the analysis of three texts through the development and deployment of what might be called a poetics of pedagogical discourse. The principal text is a statement describing “problematic” behaviour in school. Of concern is how this particular statement

Linda J. Graham

2007-01-01

202

Cultivating Discourse: The Social Construction of Agricultural Legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we initiate a critical analysis of the discursive geographies from which U.S. agricultural legislation has been constructed. First, we refer to the geography of discourse, which consists of the production, dissemination, and consumption of ideas, concepts, theories, and understandings. Specifically, we trace the emergence and development of an American agrarian discourse, constituted from a wealth of ideas

Deborah P. Dixon; Holly M. Hapke

2003-01-01

203

Power-Discourse Relationship in a Croatian Higher Education Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the public space of Croatian higher education through a critical analysis of the discourse of a Croatian faculty revealed through the minutes of two faculty council meetings. Both meetings' minutes provide evidence of discourse strategies of deception used by faculty power holders to create an illusion of consent. Also explores…

Fox, Renata; Fox, John

2002-01-01

204

Spanish no, sí: reactive moves to perceived face-threatening acts, part I: discourse relations and cognitive states  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the first installment of a two-part pragmatic analysis of a previously uninvestigated discourse particle in Spanish, no, sí. In this paper we examine the distribution of the particle in conversational interaction, discussing discourse structure and the discourse relations involved in the use of the particle. Our data show that no, sí is used in response to particular

Joan Busquets; Dale A. Koike; Robert E. Vann

2001-01-01

205

Grey analysis  

SciTech Connect

Grey logic is not another name for fuzzy logic. Grey logic--also called grey analysis or grey system theory--is a new technology, a group of techniques for system analysis and modeling. Like fuzzy logic, grey logic is useful in situations with incomplete and uncertain information. Grey analysis is particularly applicable in instances with very limited data and in cases with little system knowledge or understanding. In this paper, a summary of the basic concepts of grey analysis is provided, with descriptions of its application to several classes of problems. Calculations methods are provided for grey relation analysis, and for modeling and prediction using grey methods.

Cable, G.D.

1996-12-01

206

Discourses of Violence and the Ideological Strategies of the Romanian Communist Party, 1944-1953  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research linking violence and ideology—and using discourse theory and analysis—could provide more nuanced insights into political strategies and social contexts associated with the violent imposition of new political orders. This study addresses one such case, that of the communist takeover in Romania between 1944 and 1953, engaging in an analysis of Romanian Communist Party (PCR) discourse. Using concepts from

Kevin Adamson

2007-01-01

207

Expanding Discourse Options through Computer-Mediated Communication: Guiding Learners toward Autonomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes a multiliteracies-based pedagogical framework for the analysis of computer-mediated discourse (CMD) in order to give students increased access to expanded discourse options that are available in online communication environments and communities (i.e., beyond the classroom). Through the analysis of excerpts and a corpus of…

Abraham, Lee B.; Williams, Lawrence

2011-01-01

208

The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…

Yamagami, Mai

2012-01-01

209

Imagining A Monocultural Community: Racialization of Cultural Practice in Educational Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports of racist violence in Britain identified a prevailing institutionalized racism and social segregation. Presents an analysis of authoritative educational discourse in the form of school inspection reports, focusing the cultural practice of minority ethnic families visiting their heritage country. Using critical discourse analysis, suggests…

Blackledge, Adrian

2003-01-01

210

Analysis Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General Purpose Boundary Element Solution Technology (GPBEST) software employs the boundary element method of mechanical engineering analysis, as opposed to finite element. It is, according to one of its developers, 10 times faster in data preparation and more accurate than other methods. Its use results in less expensive products because the time between design and manufacturing is shortened. A commercial derivative of a NASA-developed computer code, it is marketed by Best Corporation to solve problems in stress analysis, heat transfer, fluid analysis and yielding and cracking of solids. Other applications include designing tractor and auto parts, household appliances and acoustic analysis.

1994-01-01

211

Global Warming Wars: Rhetorical and Discourse Analytic Approaches to ExxonMobil's Corporate Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes texts published by ExxonMobil on the issue of climate change, employing both rhetorical analysis and discourse analysis to show their uses and potential value in business communication research. Shows how both reveal the socially constructed nature "reality" and the social effects of language, but are never the less distinct in their…

Livesey, Sharon M.

2002-01-01

212

Making Healthy Minds Healthy Bodies : : An Activity- Theoretical Analysis of the Development and Organizational Adaptation of a Medical Service-Learning Program  

E-print Network

interviewing, and video-analysis, I observe how over theexperiences. For my analysis of video data I drewvideo-based ethnographic investigation, such as: conversational, interactional, and discourse analysis.

Powell, Tamara Jean

2013-01-01

213

Needs Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A career pathing approach to needs analysis brings together the organizational, work, and individual demands of career management. Needs analysis focuses on descriptions of work requirements that reflect what people actually do, and how they act. (CPAD Network, 1190 South Bascom Avenue, Suite 211, San Jose, CA 95128) (SK)

Burack, Elmer

1982-01-01

214

Strain Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Structural geology laboratory on strain analysis. Emphasizes basic methods for determining strain from points, lines, ellipses, and polygons. Introduces two-dimensional strain using hyperboloidal geometry and projections. Students use the computer program EllipseFit to digitize and analyze images. Higher level material on hyperboloidal contouring, pre-strain fabrics, and three-dimensional analysis may be included.

Frederick Vollmer

215

Stratification of Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development in Australia: An Analysis of Positions Vacant Advertisements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positions vacant advertisements discursively construct employment sectors, employers and employees. This paper uses content analysis, systemic functional linguistics and critical discourse analysis to investigate the discursive construction of environmental education and education for sustainable development through positions vacant advertisements…

Hardy, Joy

2008-01-01

216

Corpus Analysis of Simultaneous Interpretation Data for Improving Real Time Speech Translation  

E-print Network

of strategies such as compression (paraphrasing), incremental comprehension, and anticipation through discourse inference and expectation of discourse redun- dancies. Exploiting and modeling such phenomena can poten and Spanish. Specifically, we present an empirical analysis of factors such as time con- straint, redundancy

Fisher, Kathleen

217

Reconstruals of the Past: Settlement or Invasion? The Role of JUDGEMENT Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While little attention has been given in historiography to the language of historical narrative, and the role language plays in portraying history, the discipline of linguistics, and particularly the subdisciplines of discourse analysis and functional linguistics, have given increasing attention to the discourse of history. Recently, a group of…

Coffin, Caroline

218

Genre Analysis of Tax Computation Letters: How and Why Tax Accountants Write the Way They Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a genre analysis which explores the specific discourse community of tax accountants. Tax computation letters from one international accounting firm in Hong Kong were analyzed and compared. To probe deeper into the tax accounting discourse community, a group of tax accountants from the same firm was observed and questioned. The texts…

Flowerdew, John; Wan, Alina

2006-01-01

219

Science learning in the context of discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original article by Kamberelis and Wehunt (2012) discusses an interesting and important research subject in science education as it focus on classroom interactions and the characteristics of the discourse production of interlocutors. The authors start from the premise that discourse heterogeneity is constitutive of social activities, which is supported by others like Mikhail Bakhtin (Speech genres and other late essays. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1981) and Erving Goffman (Frame analysis: an essay on the organization of experience. Harper and Row, London, 1974). They also present the definitions of three key elements that organize hybrid discourse: (a) lamination of multiple cultural frames, (b) shifting relations between people and their discourse, and (c) shifting power relations between people. Finally, the authors analyze how these three elements organize students' science discourse in the classroom and how it contributes to the creation of a micro-community of practice capable of helping the emergence of a disciplinary knowledge that is legitimized by and strengthens the identity of the group. In the present commentary, I discuss how Michael Foucault's (1970) concept of discursive procedure may help us to analyze the (often neglected) teacher's role in the development of hybrid discourse practices.

do Nascimento, Silvania Sousa

2013-06-01

220

Watershed Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students conduct a regional watershed analysis of an area of their choosing. Using on-line data and their personal knowledge of the area, they determine the annual hydrologic budget and teach the class about "their" watershed.

Linda Reinen

221

Activation analysis  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains 16 chapters on the application of activation analysis in the fields of life sciences, biological materials, coal and its effluents, environmental samples, archaeology, material science, and forensics. Each chapter is processed separately for the data base.

Alfassi, Z.B. (ed.) (Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beersheba (Israel). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering)

1990-01-01

222

WATER ANALYSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

This review covers developments in water analysis from November 1996 to the end of October 1998, as found in the Chemical Abstracts Service CA Selects for gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, inorganic analytical chemistry, and pollution monitoring. In addition, because develop...

223

Genre Analysis of Personal Statements: Analysis of Moves in Application Essays to Medical and Dental Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the important role the personal statement plays in the graduate school application processes, little research has been done on its functional features and little instruction has been given about it in academic writing courses. The author conducted a multi-level discourse analysis on a corpus of 30 medical/dental school application letters,…

Ding, Huiling

2007-01-01

224

A Habermasian Analysis of Local Renewable Energy Deliberations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study pursues a Habermasian analysis of citizen discussions and of the local public sphere to shed light on renewable energy futures in rural east-central Canada. Using data from group discussions, it pursues an investigation of utterances, validity claims and of discourses. The analysis is supplemented by participant observation of publicly…

Fast, Stewart

2013-01-01

225

Revisiting Methodological Issues in Transcript Analysis: Negotiated Coding and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transcript analysis is an important methodology to study asynchronous online educational discourse. The purpose of this study is to revisit reliability and validity issues associated with transcript analysis. The goal is to provide researchers with guidance in coding transcripts. For validity reasons, it is suggested that the first step is to…

Garrison, D. R.; Cleveland-Innes, M.; Koole, Marguerite; Kappelman, James

2006-01-01

226

Power discourses of fish death: case of linnunsuo peat production.  

PubMed

This article explores the peat production impacts on Jukajoki river in Finland by implementing discourse analysis. Four discourses are explored: state truth statements; company statements that are in close proximity of state power; discourses provided by the local community Selkie, who provided counter-narratives to the official views; and finally media and related discourses. In conclusion, the discourses by the state and closely related actors (A-B) comprised implementation of their power and justifying it at the expense of those who are excluded from such power, in this case the village. The village narrative (C) contains elements that strongly contradict the statements provided by those with power. The results indicate local communities should be taken more seriously. The systematic denial of local peoples' rights should be reviewed, and local participation in environmental permit assessments implemented. PMID:23852881

Mustonen, Tero

2014-03-01

227

Structural Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

After an 800-foot-tall offshore oil recovery platform collapsed, the engineers at Engineering Dynamics, Inc., Kenner, LA, needed to learn the cause of the collapse, and analyze the proposed repairs. They used STAGSC-1, a NASA structural analysis program with geometric and nonlinear buckling analysis. The program allowed engineers to determine the deflected and buckling shapes of the structural elements. They could then view the proposed repairs under the pressure that caused the original collapse.

1991-01-01

228

Prevailing discourses among AIDS care professionals about childbearing by couples with HIV in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to analyze the dynamics of ideology, power and language in the dominant discourses about childbearing by couples with HIV that were expressed by AIDS care professionals in Taiwan. Critical discourse analysis of the interview texts with 11 AIDS care professionals identified three prevailing discourses on childbearing by couples with HIV\\/AIDS: pro-children, conditional pro-choice and

N. Y. Ko; M. A. Muecke

2006-01-01

229

The expositive discourse as pedagogical discourse: studying recontextualization in the production of a science museum exhibition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper I report on the sociological and educational particulars of The Biodiscovery Space exhibition of the Life Museum of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, using Basil Bernstein's framework of pedagogic discourse and recontextualization. Data for analysis was obtained from interviews with the exhibition developers, field observations of museum visitors and analysis of exhibition documents. Using the ideas of power, classification and framework, among others, I analyzed the recontextualization process of the production of expositive discourse. Thus, working with Bernstein's idea of classification, I explain the relationship between the discourses of the science of biology, history of science, museology, education, and communication in order to produce an expositive discourse. I also make explicit how agents of the Official Recontextualization Field of the Museum and the Pedagogic Recontextualization Field "....of the Museum determine partly the final expositive discourse of an exhibition". Using the idea of a pedagogic discourse framework, I discuss how the constraints imposed by objects and texts in exhibitions help to create a specific manner of visitor interaction with these elements, "even if they have some autonomy". Considerations about the audience and the intended process of acquisition are presented, when I discuss the control strategies of the exhibition. I propose that the Biodiscovery Space exhibit has a visible pedagogy. Finally, using the collected data I discuss the power tensions created in the production of expositive discourse showing how distributive, recontextualization and evaluation rules work in the context of exhibitions. The study of the dynamics in forming the expositive discourse using Bernstein's framework reveals the individuals and institutions, the selection criteria, the negotiations and the power relations involved. It has the potential to assist both educators and researchers in the museum education field, as well as designers to understand the teaching and learning processes that occur during a visit and to establish relevant criteria to evaluate quality to best produce exhibitions in science museums.

McLaughlin, Cheryl A.

2014-10-01

230

Talk as a tool for thinking: Using professional discourse practices to frame children's design-technology talk  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research project involved viewing elementary children's (ages 11–13) design?technology talk through the theoretical perspective of Bucciarelli's (1988) description of professional discourse practices. Analysis centred on two structured lessons, in which four children (two male; two female) constructed, modified, and tested model parachutes. Analysis of audiotaped transcripts of children's talk showed that Bucciarelli's framework of constraining, naming, and decision discourse

Brenda J. Gustafson; Dougal MacDonald

2004-01-01

231

A Comparison of "Popular Music Pedagogy" Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to interrogate discourses of "popular music pedagogy" in order to better understand music education practices generally and specifically those in the United States. Employing a conceptual framework based on the work of Jan Blommaert (2005), a content analysis was conducted on a sample of 81 articles related…

Mantie, Roger

2013-01-01

232

Discourse and the Denial of Racism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the broader framework of a research programme on the reproduction of racism in discourse and communication, the present article examines the prominent role of the denial of racism, especially among the elites, in much contemporary text and talk about ethnic relations. After a conceptual analysis of denial strategies in interpersonal impression formation on the one hand, and within the

Teun A. van Dijk

1992-01-01

233

Elaboration and Simplification in Spanish Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares spoken discourse models in Spanish as a second language textbooks and online language learning resources with naturally occurring conversations. Telephone service encounters are analyzed from the point of view of three different dimensions of authenticity: linguistic, sociolinguistic, and psycholinguistic. An analysis of 20…

Granena, Gisela

2008-01-01

234

Structuring Conversation: Discourse Markers in Cervantes's "Entremeses"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the recent shift in the linguistic pragmatics literature from the analysis of isolated speech acts to the focus on phenomena which affect the global meaning of a message, discourse markers (DMs) have become a frequent research topic. Despite their popularity, the evolution and development of these forms is often neglected in investigations…

King, Jeremy

2011-01-01

235

Divergent Discourses, Children and Forced Migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiences of refugee, internally displaced and migrant children in different contexts (such as post-conflict and resettlement) are often considered separately, yet closer analysis points to the existence of commonalities across transnational locations and a need to articulate the ways in which global systems, state policies and migration processes impact on the lives of these children. Current discourses, policies and practices

Giorgia Doná; Angela Veale

2011-01-01

236

"Implicit action": Understanding discourse management in modeling instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present "Implicit Action", a discourse management tool, through a qualitative video analysis of a Florida International University Modeling Instruction Introductory Physics I class. Implicit Action in Modeling Instruction is where instructors deliberately create intellectual space in which students ideally see value and need for the construction of new classroom norms and tools that are productive in developing a learning community. This space is created by the implications expressed through the instructors' deliberate actions. Discourse Management is a technique to moderate student discourse in Modeling Instruction classes at the university level that was initially described by Desbien [1]. Implicit Action is one of 9 Modeling Discourse Management tools that we have identified. By means of qualitative analysis we illustrate the effectiveness of Implicit Action in implementing the Modeling Theory of Instruction.

Durden, Jared; Brewe, Eric; Kramer, Laird

2012-02-01

237

Reentry analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the criteria, previous nuclear experience in space, analysis techniques, and possible breakup enhancement devices applicable to an acceptable SP-100 reentry from space. Reactor operation in nuclear-safe orbit will minimize the radiological risk; the remaining safeguards criteria need to be defined. A simple analytical point mass reentry technique and a more comprehensive analysis method that considers vehicle dynamics and orbit insertion malfunctions are presented. Vehicle trajectory, attitude, and possible breakup enhancement devices will be integrated in the simulation as required to ensure an adequate representation of the reentry process.

Biehl, F.A.

1984-05-01

238

Piping Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Burns & McDonnell provide architectural and engineering services in planning, design and construction of a wide range of projects all over the world. In design analysis, company regularly uses COSMIC computer programs. In computer testing piping design of a power plant, company uses Pipe Flexibility Analysis Program (MEL-21) to analyze stresses due to weight, temperature, and pressure found in proposed piping systems. Individual flow rates are put into the computer, then computer calculates the pressure drop existing across each component; if needed, design corrections or adjustments can be made and rechecked.

1980-01-01

239

Dimensional Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For many chemistry and physics students, some of the most frustrating problems involve dimensional analysis. This is a very important concept that is more related to mathematics and equation consistency than the sciences. A dimensional analysis tutorial is offered at the physics department's Web site of the University of Guelph. It is an excellent guide that helps students understand the five dimensions of physical quantities and how to work with units to achieve correct results. There are seven quizzes and a final post-test that assess the student's grasp of the topic, with answers given after each exercise for comparison.

240

Comparing public discourses in stem cell policy debates.  

PubMed

Public policy debates surrounding stem cell research are becoming increasingly more complex as governance considerations move beyond the moral status of human embryos. This complexity is evident in the public discourses surrounding these debates globally. This article draws on the results of an analysis conducted on the media coverage of a recent stem cell policy episode in the United States to demonstrate the complexity of public discourses surrounding stem cell research and to reflect upon similar debates in Australia. Observations made from the public discourses in California are reframed within the Australian context to discuss ways in which future public policy debates surrounding stem cell research may be enriched. PMID:17571787

Lysaght, Tamra

2007-05-01

241

Handwriting Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this forensics activity, students will explore the methods that investigators use to confirm the authenticity of handwriting. Participants will use bottom-of-letter and slant analysis to look at their own and their partner's handwriting, and then use these methods to analyze a note left at the scene of the crime.

COSI

2009-01-01

242

Numerical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. General Introduction. Numerical analysis is the area of mathematics and computer science that creates, analyzes, and implements algorithms for solving nu- merically the problems of continuous mathematics. Such problems originate generally from real-world applications of algebra, geometry and calculus, and they involve vari- ables which vary continuously; these problems occur throughout the natural sciences, social sciences, engineering, medicine, and

Kendall E. Atkinson

2007-01-01

243

Glycoprotein Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter provides an overview of practical methods for glycosylation analysis of glycoprotein therapeutics . The topics include glycoprofiling methods for glycoforms, monosaccharides (neutral and N-acetylated species as well as sialic acids), oligosaccharides (chemical and enzymatic methods for glycan release, post-release purification, labeling and derivatization, different types of glycan HPLC and MS), and glycosylation site profiling.

Fernandes, Daryl; Spencer, Daniel

244

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

245

Turkish Language Teachers' Stance Taking Movements in the Discourse on Globalization and Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how Turkish teachers take and give stances in the discourse on globalization and language by using linguistic resources. According to the findings obtained through the discourse analysis of the corpus that consisted of 36 h of recording of the discussion among 4 teachers with 5 to 10 years of teaching experience, the…

Coskun, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

246

Latina Mothers' Enactments of Agency: Achieving Desires through Discourses in Family Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study used a post-structural feminist framework to examine how the literacy and mothering discourses women encountered in a family literacy program assisted or constrained them in enacting agency. Employing a narrative approach, combined with other methodological strategies (ethnographic observations, discourse analysis of program…

Toso, Blaire Willson

2010-01-01

247

Indiana Center for Intercultural Communication: Translating Health Discourse Research into Action  

E-print Network

Indiana Center for Intercultural Communication: Translating Health Discourse Research into Action in the community as well as international language educators. ICIC's research focuses on health discourse from-management and an intercultural analysis of sources of medical information in Spanish-speaking diabetes patients. Also featured

Zhou, Yaoqi

248

A Foucaultian Critique of Learning Disability Discourses: Personal Narratives and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I present a critical discourse analysis (CDA) of two discourses in learning disabilities (LD)--the academic research literature on emotions of students labeled as LD and retrospective autobiographies from adults labeled as LD writing about their emotions as students. Drawing mainly on Foucaultian explanations of power, I…

Mazher, Waseem

2012-01-01

249

"Are They Just Checking Our Obesity or What?" The Healthism Discourse and Rural Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper makes use of critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu's theoretical framework to explore rural young women's meanings of health and fitness and how the healthism discourse is perpetuated through their experiences in school physical education (PE). The young women's own meanings are explored alongside interview data from their school PE…

Lee, Jessica; Macdonald, Doune

2010-01-01

250

A dance revolution? Responding to dominant discourses in contemporary integrated dance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is informed by 6 months of ethnographic fieldwork and 10 semi-structured interviews with 10 members of an integrated dance company. Through the use of Foucauldian theory and discourse analysis, we found that the discourses of legitimacy circulating in and through contemporary dance have typically excluded the bodies and artistic contributions of dancers with disabilities. The participants in this

Hannah R. Irving; Audrey R. Giles

2011-01-01

251

A dance revolution? Responding to dominant discourses in contemporary integrated dance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is informed by 6 months of ethnographic fieldwork and 10 semi-structured interviews with 10 members of an integrated dance company. Through the use of Foucauldian theory and discourse analysis, we found that the discourses of legitimacy circulating in and through contemporary dance have typically excluded the bodies and artistic contributions of dancers with disabilities. The participants in this

Hannah R. Irving; Audrey R. Giles

2012-01-01

252

"Underprepared" and "At-Risk": Disrupting Deficit Discourses in Undergraduate STEM Recruitment and Retention Programming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights deficit-oriented descriptions of underrepresented undergraduate students in STEM intervention programs at large public 4-year universities. Drawing from interview data and using critical discourse analysis, the author identifies how deficit discourses are mobilized among program staff and argues that such descriptions…

Castro, Erin L.

2014-01-01

253

Press self-censorship in China: a case study in the transformation of discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the way in which newspaper discourse gets changed. Original reports of three social problem events that journalists sent to two different newsrooms and reports that were published are compared using critical discourse analysis. It is argued that the practice of self-censorship helps newsrooms bypass political 'minefields', and at the same time increase the possibilities of the publication

Jingrong Tong

2009-01-01

254

Toys as discourse: children's war toys and the war on terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

War toys of different eras realize the dominant discourses of war of the time, and they do so in a way which allows children to enact these discourses and values in play. This paper examines war toys over the past 100 years before providing a detailed multimodal analysis of contemporary war toys distributed around the planet, mainly by global American

David Machin; Theo Van Leeuwen

2009-01-01

255

The design of a theoretical, methodological, analytical framework to analyse hegemony in discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper includes a detailed discursive analysis of the discourse of the former President Salinas de Gortari (Mexico, 1988–1994) and that of the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN). This study contextualises the EZLN struggle as a local response to the global policy shift of the Mexican government. It considered the discourses of both parties as narratives which played a

Nicolina Montesano Montessori

2011-01-01

256

Self-realisation and control in the discourse practice of management coaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the construction of discourses in current popular management models described in the field of management coaching in order to examine the disciplining forms and the type of authority appeal drawn upon in these models. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors apply a discourse analysis to two selected works on management coaching in

Anne Ellerup Nielsen; Hanne Nørreklit

2012-01-01

257

Curriculum Reform in a Globalised World: The Discourses of Cosmopolitanism and Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under conditions of globalisation, the discourse of cosmopolitanism adds a new dimension to analysis of curriculum reform. We examine the meanings and contentions of curriculum as a regulatory function in rapidly changing, global communities. We examine cosmopolitanism and curriculum through the lenses of two cosmopolitan discourses, neoliberal…

Camicia, Steven P.; Franklin, Barry M.

2010-01-01

258

John F. Kennedy's Civil Rights Discourse: The Evolution from "Principled Bystander" to Public Advocate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that President John F. Kennedy's civil rights discourse evidences an important evolutionary pattern marking a transition from legal argument to moral argument. Highlights two speeches as exemplars of this change. Asserts that this analysis is useful in the study of contemporary presidential discourse during times of domestic crisis. (MM)

Goldzwig, Steven R.; Dionisopoulos, George N.

1989-01-01

259

Primary Discourse and Expressive Oral Language in a Kindergarten Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seven-month ethnographic case study elucidated a kindergarten student's navigation through her first formal schooling experience with relation to expressive oral language. Gee's theory of Discourses and methodology of discourse analysis were used to examine expressive oral language in use. Two discursive contexts germane to…

Fiano, Darcy A.

2014-01-01

260

Scene analysis without spectral analysis?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Auditory scene analysis is often described in terms of grouping stimulus components. Components, once grouped, are assigned to one source or another [A. S. Bregman, Auditory Scene Analysis (MIT, Cambridge, MA, 2002)]. The actual grouping must operate on whatever representation is available within the auditory nervous system. An obvious hypothesis is that correlates of individual stimulus components are created by peripheral spectral analysis. However, peripheral frequency resolution is limited. The number of resolved partials is between 5 and 8 for a harmonic complex in isolation, but resolution must necessarily be less good for the interleaved components of concurrent sources. Source amplitudes are rarely equal, and partials of a weaker source must be particularly hard to resolve. The question is thus: given the paucity of resolved elements to group, how does the auditory system perform the grouping? A number of possibilities will be reviewed. One is that partials not resolved peripherally are somehow resolved centrally (a modern version of the ``second filter'' hypothesis). Another is that scene analysis does not operate by grouping resolved elements, but instead by modifying directly unresolved entities, for example by time-domain processing.

de Cheveigne, Alain

2003-04-01

261

Well, Now, Okey Dokey: English Discourse Markers in Spanish Language Medical Consultations.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to examine use of English discourse markers in otherwise Spanish language consultations. Data is derived from an audio-recorded corpus of Spanish language consultations that took place in a small community clinic in the United States as well as post-consultation interviews with patients and providers. Through quantification of the use of discourse makers in the corpus and discourse analysis of transcripts, we demonstrate that English-speaking dominant medical providers use English discourse markers more frequently and with a broader range of functions than do Spanish-speaking dominant medical providers and patients. We argue that such use of English discourse markers serves to exacerbate the power relationship between providers and patients even though the use of English discourse markers does not cause overt miscommunication in the ongoing interaction. Implications for providers who use a second language in their medical consultations are discussed. PMID:24347670

Vickers, Caroline H; Goble, Ryan

2011-11-01

262

Protein Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This workbook allows the analysis of sample or imported protein sequences. The model can analyze protein sequences up to 500 amino acids long. The program analyzes five aspects of the protein sequence: the highest potential charge along the protein sequence, the amino acid composition of the protein sequence, the isoelectric point of the protein sequence at varying pHs, the hydrophobicity to predict surface and membrane spanning regions of the protein sequence and the protein structure using the Chau and Fassman algorithm.

John Jungck (Beloit College; Biology)

2007-05-22

263

Contingency Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Contingency Analysis is a forum for professionals to discuss financial risk management. A consultant in financial risk management, Glyn Holton, developed this site. Visitors to the site can benefit from the broad overview of enterprise risk management and risk measurement that is provided. This site contains a collection of research papers on enterprise risk management covering topics such as value at risk, risk visualization, and accuracy vs. precision, as well as an in-depth glossary of 200 risk management terms.

Holton, Glyn.

264

Transdisciplinary Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Sustainability concepts and differing views discussed here form an important basis for transdisciplinary analysis. To effectively\\u000a focus on sustainability, industrial practices need to implement technologies with due consideration to three major areas:\\u000a dematerialization, rematerialization, and pollution prevention. These concepts are described and discussed in this chapter.\\u000a With surprising consistency, issues of ineffective technological implementation can be traced to problems related

Ravi Jain

265

Wild analysis.  

PubMed

Contemporary debates over psychoanalytic theory and practice warrant a reconsideration of the concept of wild analysis. Freud's initial formulation of the problem, subsequent developments in the Freudian conventions, and the work of Melanie Klein, Kohut, and Gill are compared in order to bring out different conceptions of interpretation that is wild, sound, or too tame. These different conceptions are system-bound. Moral implications of Klein's, Kohut's, and Gill's critiques and alternative systems are taken up. PMID:4020025

Schafer, R

1985-01-01

266

Chromosome Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Perceptive Scientific Instruments, Inc., provides the foundation for the Powergene line of chromosome analysis and molecular genetic instrumentation. This product employs image processing technology from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and image enhancement techniques from Johnson Space Center. Originally developed to send pictures back to earth from space probes, digital imaging techniques have been developed and refined for use in a variety of medical applications, including diagnosis of disease.

1998-01-01

267

Economic analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

None

1980-06-01

268

Creating Rhetorical Stability in Corporate University Discourse: Discourse Technologies and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written communication scholarship has shown that successful social change requires discursive stability. This study was designed to investigate how this stability is created. Critical discourse analysis of 30 corporate university articles investigated claims authors made about the expansion of market-based values into contexts of organizational…

Faber, Brenton

2003-01-01

269

Power in Clinical Teachers' Discourses of a Curriculum-in-Action. Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Curricula-in-action" generally differ from "official" curricula. That is particularly true of clerkship curricula because the practising doctors who supervise medical students' clinical activities are only secondarily educators. Clerkship education is evaluated, however, according to benchmarks set by official curricula.…

Graham, Jennifer; Dornan, Tim

2013-01-01

270

Iconicity and Productivity in Sign Language Discourse: An Analysis of Three LIS Discourse Registers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the linguistic features of three Italian Sign Language (Lingua Italiana dei Segni, or LIS) registers are analyzed focusing on iconic phenomena. Previous treatments of iconicity and motivation in spoken and signed language are discussed. Iconicity is defined as a regular mapping between expressive form and meaning that can be active…

Russo, Tommaso

2004-01-01

271

Nuclear Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Exploratory calculations were performed for several gas core breeder reactor configurations. The computational method involved the use of the MACH-1 one dimensional diffusion theory code and the THERMOS integral transport theory code for thermal cross sections. Computations were performed to analyze thermal breeder concepts and nonbreeder concepts. Analysis of breeders was restricted to the (U-233)-Th breeding cycle, and computations were performed to examine a range of parameters. These parameters include U-233 to hydrogen atom ratio in the gaseous cavity, carbon to thorium atom ratio in the breeding blanket, cavity size, and blanket size.

Clement, J. D.; Kirby, K. D.

1973-01-01

272

A discourse analytic study on how the term ‘chav’ is constructed in the United Kingdom.   

E-print Network

The present study looked to investigate how the term ‘chav’ is constructed as a youth subculture through content and discourse analysis. The use of the term ‘chav’ has increased in recent years, with the media focusing ...

Fielding, Emma

2012-01-01

273

Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. A self-appraisal helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. The material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) fault tree was developed to depict the failure of the MPC&A system as a result of poor practices and random failures in the MC&A system. It can also be employed as a basis for assessing deliberate threats against a facility. MSET uses fault tree analysis, which is a top-down approach to examining system failure. The analysis starts with identifying a potential undesirable event called a 'top event' and then determining the ways it can occur (e.g., 'Fail To Maintain Nuclear Materials Under The Purview Of The MC&A System'). The analysis proceeds by determining how the top event can be caused by individual or combined lower level faults or failures. These faults, which are the causes of the top event, are 'connected' through logic gates. The MSET model uses AND-gates and OR-gates and propagates the effect of event failure using Boolean algebra. To enable the fault tree analysis calculations, the basic events in the fault tree are populated with probability risk values derived by conversion of questionnaire data to numeric values. The basic events are treated as independent variables. This assumption affects the Boolean algebraic calculations used to calculate results. All the necessary calculations are built into the fault tree codes, but it is often useful to estimate the probabilities manually as a check on code functioning. The probability of failure of a given basic event is the probability that the basic event primary question fails to meet the performance metric for that question. The failure probability is related to how well the facility performs the task identified in that basic event over time (not just one performance or exercise). Fault tree calculations provide a failure probability for the top event in the fault tree. The basic fault tree calculations establish a baseline relative risk value for the system. This probability depicts relative risk, not absolute risk. Subsequent calculations are made to evaluate the change in relative risk that would occur if system performance is improved or degraded. During the development effort of MSET, the fault tree analysis program used was SAPHIRE. SAPHIRE is an acronym for 'Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations.' Version 1 of the SAPHIRE code was sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1987 as an innovative way to draw, edit, and analyze graphical fault trees primarily for safe operation of nuclear power reactors. When the fault tree calculations are performed, the fault tree analysis program will produce several reports that can be used to analyze the MPC&A system. SAPHIRE produces reports showing risk importance factors for all basic events in the operational MC&A system. The risk importance information is used to examine the potential impacts when performance of certain basic events increases or decreases. The initial results produced by the SAPHIRE program are considered relative risk values. None of the results can be interpreted as absolute risk values since the basic event probability values represent estimates of risk associated with the performance of MPC&A tasks throughout the material balance area (MBA). The RRR for a basic event represents the decrease in total system risk that would result from improvement of that one event to a perfect performance level. Improvement of the basic event with the greatest RRR value produces a greater decrease in total system risk than improvement of any other basic event. Basic events with the greatest potential for system risk reduction are assigned performance improvement values, and new fault tree calculations show the improvement in total system risk. The ope

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

274

Cinematic "Pigness": A Discourse Analysis of Pigs in Motion Pictures  

E-print Network

its vegetarian co-star, James Cromwell, into a vegan animal-activist. In order to better understand the species of pigs and the complex relationship they have had with humans over the centuries, Chapter 5 is devoted to exploring the lives actual...

von Schlemmer, Mark

2010-07-30

275

Logical Meanings in Multimedia Learning Materials: A Multimodal Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multimedia educational applications convey meanings through several semiotic modes (e.g. text, image, sound, etc.). There is an urgent need for multimedia designers as well as for teachers to understand the meaning potential of these artifacts and discern the communicative purposes they serve. Towards this direction, a hermeneutic semiotic…

Vorvilas, George

2014-01-01

276

Networks in Education: An Analysis of Selected Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Network" is a fashionable and current term in every field of contemporary society and education is no exception. In this paper, the concept of network (and other associated concepts, such as partnership and collaboration) is reviewed. Such revision regards selected theoretical contributions and is explored in terms of the use of the…

Sousa, Sofia Branco; Doroftei, Alexandra Oliveira; Araújo, Helena Costa

2013-01-01

277

Asymmetrical Talk between Physicians and Patients: A Quantitative Discourse Analysis  

E-print Network

in order to understand associations between physicians' communication patterns and patient satisfaction consultations were audio- taped, and follow-up questionnaires on satisfaction were filled out by patients interviewing female than male patients, which was negatively correlated with patient satisfaction. Keywords

Northern British Columbia, University of

278

Discourse Analysis as Potential for Re-Visioning Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins with a premise that each person's musical education is made of multiple and diverse experiences that occur in settings both in and out of school (Campbell 2002, 2003, 2008; Green 2002, 2005; Jaffurs 2004, 2006). Nevertheless, when speaking and writing about music education, one often restricts the kinds of music, ways of…

Talbot, Brent C.

2013-01-01

279

Self-Presentation on Facebook: An Analysis of Discourse   

E-print Network

This study examined the discursive resources employed by participants in research interviews to construct the nature of their self-presentation on the social networking site, Facebook. Speakers were observed to draw upon four interpretative...

Pollock, Olivia

2011-03-16

280

Islamic Militancy in Bangladeshi Newspaper Editorials: A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The representation of a religio-political identity by the "civil society" of a country is a complex act intersecting multiple spheres such as the sociocultural, economic, and particularly partisan understanding of religion, politics, and culture dividing the society (and media houses) who inflect, invent, and articulate novel identity for the…

Khan, Mahmud Hasan; Govindasamy, Subramaniam

2011-01-01

281

Congressional Debates over Prisoner Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any country. The causes for the large number of prisoners can be traced, in part, to a politicized war on crime that resulted in harsh sentencing and high recidivism rates. Prisoner education provides the potential for slowing the revolving door of prison by helping to create engaged…

Yates, Mark T.

2009-01-01

282

Understanding Informal Group Learning in Online Communities through Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since informal learning occurs outside of formal learning environments, describing informal learning and how it takes place can be a challenge for researchers. Past studies have typically oriented to informal learning as an individual, reflective process that can best be understood through the learners' retrospective accounts about their…

Ziegler, Mary F.; Paulus, Trena; Woodside, Marianne

2014-01-01

283

A Critical Discourse Analysis of Teachers' Views on LGBT Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a thread of discussion posted to a web-based forum in the context of a children's literature course in one teacher education program in the USA. Participants in the virtual discussion include three preservice elementary teachers and the course instructor (author) on the subject of bringing lesbian, gay, bisexual and…

Schieble, Melissa

2012-01-01

284

Who's Guarding What? A Poststructural Feminist Analysis of Gardasil Discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

In May 2006 the Gardasil vaccine was approved for implementation in the United States to prohibit the spread of four strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) that can lead to cervical cancer. Through a poststructural feminist reading, I critique ideologies at play throughout the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval hearing for this vaccine. I explore the conditions that gave

Marie Thompson

2010-01-01

285

Using Narrative and Discourse Analysis in Researching Co-Principalships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After completing a longitudinal study of co-principal shared leadership initiatives in Aotearoa/New Zealand, the author discusses some of the issues raised by her research design and methods. First, she explains the storying techniques she used to construct case narratives of each initiative. While these accounts drew largely on the participants'…

Court, Marian

2004-01-01

286

Ghost Stories: A discourse analysis of accounts of ghostly experiences   

E-print Network

Previous research into paranormal belief has traditionally been based upon questionnaires and belief scales (e.g. Tobacyk, 2004). However, there are a number of limitations associated with these types of methods with regard to the study of beliefs...

Murray, David

2012-06-27

287

Action, Content and Identity in Applied Genre Analysis for ESP  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genres are staged, structured, communicative events, motivated by various communicative purposes, and performed by members of specific discourse communities (Swales 1990; Bhatia 1993, 2004; Berkenkotter & Huckin 1995). Since its inception, with the two seminal works on the topic by Swales (1990) and Bhatia (1993), genre analysis has taken pride of…

Flowerdew, John

2011-01-01

288

A Multidimensional Analysis of a Written L2 Spanish Corpus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study adds to our understanding of how learners employ lexical and grammatical phenomena to communicate in writing in different types of interlanguage discourse. A multidimensional (factor) analysis of a corpus of L2 Spanish writing (202,241 words) generated by second- and third-year, university-level learners was performed. The…

Asencion-Delaney, Yuly; Collentine, Joseph

2011-01-01

289

Penetrating a Wall of Introspection: A Critical Attrition Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a critical analysis of student discourse on attrition as it unfolds in interviews on early departure from higher education. A synthesis of relevant studies and modelling done in the field shows that essential aspects affecting attrition and retention can be effectively conceptualized and acted upon in terms of the interplay…

Johannsen, Bjorn Friis; Rump, Camilla Osterberg; Linder, Cedric

2013-01-01

290

A Contrastive Analysis of the American and Persian Newspaper Editorials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the principles of critical discourse analysis this contrastive study sought to investigate the effect of culture on the journalistic style and the strategies used to report news in the American and Persian newspaper editorials. To this end, articles were selected from the New York Times, the Washington Post, Kayhan and Ettelaat,…

Homayounzadeh, Maryam; Mehrpour, Saeed

2013-01-01

291

Fringe Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fringe analysis is the process of extracting quantitative measurement data from fringe - or line - patterns. It usually consists of phase detection and phase unwrapping. Phase detection is the calculation of the fringes phase from the recorded intensity patterns, and this issue represents the major part of the material in this review. Different techniques for this phase calculation are presented, with special emphasis on the characteristic polynomial method, allows us permits to easily design customized algorithms coping with many error sources. For reference, a table presenting the properties of almost all algorithms which have been in recent years is provided in the Appendix. A generic method allowing us to quantitatively evaluate the phase errors and the effect of noise is presented here for the first time. Finally, some elements regarding the complex problem of phase unwrapping are given.

Surrel, Yves

292

[Genetic analysis].  

PubMed

Deficiencies of natural anticoagulant proteins including antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC) and protein S (PS) are important risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Japanese people. The identification of deficiencies of these proteins is important for the prevention and treatment of VTE. Genetic analysis can help in making a definitive diagnosis of these inherited deficiencies, and can be useful both for the individual and potential thrombotic risk to family members. Mutations of AT, PC and PS are usually detected by direct DNA sequencing and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Large cohort studies have shown that AT and PC mutations are identified in 85% and 70% of patients, respectively. On the other hand, the detection rate in PS deficiency is lower in around 40% of patients. PMID:25163314

Morishita, Eriko

2014-07-01

293

Biological Sequence Analysis 1 Biological Sequence Analysis  

E-print Network

Biological Sequence Analysis 1 Biological Sequence Analysis and Motif Discovery Introductory University http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~junliu jliu@stat.harvard.edu #12;Biological Sequence Analysis 2 Topics to be covered · Basic Biology: DNA, RNA, Protein; genetic code. · Biological Sequence Analysis ­ Pairwise

Liu, Jun

294

Analysing adjectives in scientific discourse: an exploratory study with educational applications for Spanish speakers at advanced university level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the literature on the textual properties of scientific discourse is vast, less attention has been paid to the analysis of adjectival frequency in this type of discourse and its semantic implications. Adjectives are a significant communicative tool for scientists, showing the author’s professional persona and manifesting a critical element in the rhetorical properties of research articles. They also allow

Viviana Soler

2002-01-01

295

Talking to Score: Impression Management in L2 Oral Assessment and the Co-Construction of a Test Discourse Genre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, the emphasis in second language (L2) oral proficiency assessment has shifted from linguistic accuracy to discourse strategies such as the ability to initiate, respond, and negotiate meaning. This has resulted in a growing interest in the discourse analysis of students' performance in different oral proficiency assessment formats.…

Luk, Jasmine

2010-01-01

296

Uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation is made of the suitability of analytical and statistical sampling methods for making uncertainty analyses. The adjoint method is found to be well-suited for obtaining sensitivity coefficients for computer programs involving large numbers of equations and input parameters. For this purpose the Latin Hypercube Sampling method is found to be inferior to conventional experimental designs. The Latin hypercube method can be used to estimate output probability density functions, but requires supplementary rank transformations followed by stepwise regression to obtain uncertainty information on individual input parameters. A simple Cork and Bottle problem is used to illustrate the efficiency of the adjoint method relative to certain statistical sampling methods. For linear models of the form Ax=b it is shown that a complete adjoint sensitivity analysis can be made without formulating and solving the adjoint problem. This can be done either by using a special type of statistical sampling or by reformulating the primal problem and using suitable linear programming software.

Thomas, R.E.

1982-03-01

297

Perezhivanie and classroom discourse: a cultural-historical perspective on "Discourse of design based science classroom activities"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Flavio Azevedo, Peggy Martalock and Tugba Keser challenge the `argumentation focus of science lessons' and propose that through a `design-based approach' emergent conversations with the teacher offer possibilities for different types of discussions to enhance pedagogical discourse in science classrooms. This important paper offers a "preliminary contribution to a general theory" regarding the link between activity types and discourse practices. Azevedo, Martalock and Keser offer a general perspective with a sociocultural framing for analysis of classroom discourse. Interestingly the specific concepts drawn upon are from conversation analysis; there are few sociocultural concepts explored in detail. Therefore, in this article we focus on a cultural historical (Vygotsky in The collected works of L. S. Vygotsky. The history and development of higher mental functions, vol 4. Plenum Press, New York, 1987; The Vygotsky reader. Black, Cambridge, 1994) methodology to explore, analyse and explain how we would use a different theoretical lens. We argue that a cultural historical reading of argumentation in science lessons and design based activity will expand Azevedo, Martalock and Keser's proposed general theory of activity types and discourse practices. Specifically, we use Lev Vygotksy's idea of perezhivanie as the unit of analysis to reconceptualise this important paper. We focus on the holistic category of students' emotional experience through discourse while developing scientific awareness.

Adams, Megan; March, Sue

2014-12-01

298

Technical Analysis: Alternatives to Chart Analysis  

E-print Network

Technical analysis uses past price information to project future trends. This publication can help crop and livestock marketers learn how to use technical analysis in their risk management programs....

Purcell, Wayne D.

1999-08-02

299

Sketching Muslims: A Corpus Driven Analysis of Representations around the Word "Muslim" in the British Press 1998-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses methods from corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis to examine patterns of representation around the word "Muslim" in a 143 million word corpus of British newspaper articles published between 1998 and 2009. Using the analysis tool Sketch Engine, an analysis of noun collocates of "Muslim" found that the following…

Baker, Paul; Gabrielatos, Costas; McEnery, Tony

2013-01-01

300

Shifting Forest Value Orientations in the United States, 1980-2001: A Computer Content Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines three forest value orientations - clusters of interrelated values and basic beliefs about forests - that emerged from an analysis of the public discourse about forest planning, management, and policy in the United States. The value orientations include anthropocentric, biocentric, and moral\\/spiritual\\/aesthetic orientations toward forests. Computer coded content analysis was used to identify shifts in the relative

David N. Bengston; Trevor J. Webb; David P. Fan

2004-01-01

301

An Exchange Structure Analysis of the Development of Online Intercultural Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet-mediated intercultural discussions have been adopted for intercultural and second-language learning. However, the notion of community development in this context has received less attention. This study employs exchange structure (ES) analysis (Stubbs, M. (1983). "Discourse analysis." Oxford: Basil Blackwell) to investigate the dialogic…

Kitade, Keiko

2012-01-01

302

Features of Gender: An Analysis of the Visual Texts of Third Grade Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do primary students construct understandings of the opposite sex? In what ways do these constructions manifest in the visual texts created in literacy and language arts classrooms? Using visual discourse analysis (Albers, 2007) and scheme analysis (Sonesson, 1988) as interpretive methods, we analyzed the visual texts created by 23 third grade…

Albers, Peggy; Frederick, Tammy; Cowan, Kay

2009-01-01

303

Clearing the air: the contribution of frame analysis to understanding climate policy in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frame analysis illuminates the politics of climate change and generates ideas about discursive strategies that can assist national governments to take effective action on climate change. The nature of frame analysis and its links to discourse theory and social constructivist epistemology are discussed, and this framework used to show how climate change politics in the USA under the second Bush

Amy Lynn Fletcher

2009-01-01

304

The Value of Ellul's Analysis in Understanding Propaganda in the Helping Professions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on Ellul's analysis of propaganda in understanding propaganda in the helping professions. Key in such an analysis is the interweaving of the psychological and sociological. Contrary to the discourse in mission statements of professional organizations and their codes of ethics calling for informed consent, competence of…

Gambrill, Eileen

2012-01-01

305

Supply Chain Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis  

E-print Network

Supply Chain Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, TN Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency experience in supply chain analysis and automated support for supply chain systems. ORNL's Capabilities

306

Workforce Analysis Page 1 WORKFORCE ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

Workforce Analysis Page 1 WORKFORCE ANALYSIS Section 46a-68-38 This section was found office, position and position classification identified in the job title study on forms provided by the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities. A separate analysis was done for the part-time employees

Oliver, Douglas L.

307

Pericardial Fluid Analysis  

MedlinePLUS

... this website will be limited. Search Help? Pericardial Fluid Analysis Share this page: Was this page helpful? Formal name: Pericardial Fluid Analysis Related tests: Pleural Fluid Analysis , Peritoneal Fluid ...

308

Peritoneal Fluid Analysis  

MedlinePLUS

... this website will be limited. Search Help? Peritoneal Fluid Analysis Share this page: Was this page helpful? Formal name: Peritoneal Fluid Analysis Related tests: Pleural Fluid Analysis , Pericardial Fluid ...

309

Synovial Fluid Analysis  

MedlinePLUS

... this website will be limited. Search Help? Synovial Fluid Analysis Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also known as: Joint Fluid Analysis Formal name: Synovial Fluid Analysis Related tests: ...

310

Complexity of Secondary Scientific Data Sources and Students' Argumentative Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the learning opportunities provided to students through the use of complex geological data supporting scientific inquiry. Through analysis of argumentative discourse in a high school Earth science classroom, uses of US Geological Survey (USGS) data were contrasted with uses of geoscience textbook data. To examine these…

Kerlin, Steven C.; McDonald, Scott P.; Kelly, Gregory J.

2010-01-01

311

Production of Elaborated Argumentative Discourse: The Role of Cooperativeness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents analysis of argumentative discourse by students, revealing that it involves both dialogical and argumentative operations. Reports that dialogical and argumentative operations are functionally linked. Concludes that the percentage of markers of utterance involvement, axiological forms, and modalizations is much higher in argumentative…

Golder, Caroline

1992-01-01

312

Building a Tool for Annotating Reference in Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the development of a system for marking several types of reference to facilitate the analysis of reference in discourse. The tool is designed to be used in three applicationsi generating training data for machine learning of co-reference relations, evaluating iheories of referring expression generation and resolu- tion in texts, and developing theories for un- derstanding reference in dialogs.

Jonathan DeCristofaro; Michael Strube; Kathleen F. McCoy

313

The Organization of Narrative Discourse in Lewy Body Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative discourse is an essential component of day-to-day communication, but little is known about narrative in Lewy body spectrum disorder (LBSD), including Parkinson's disease (PD), Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We performed a detailed analysis of a semi-structured speech sample in 32 non-aphasic…

Ash, Sharon; McMillan, Corey; Gross, Rachel G.; Cook, Philip; Morgan, Brianna; Boller, Ashley; Dreyfuss, Michael; Siderowf, Andrew; Grossman, Murray

2011-01-01

314

Discourse Processes and Products: Land Surveyors in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this paper aims to provide a description of professional communication pertaining to land surveying project management in Hong Kong, achieved through a comprehensive analysis of both workplace discourse processes and products. The study, situated in Hong Kong, represents a collaborative effort between English and Land…

Cheng, Winnie; Mok, Esmond

2008-01-01

315

Towards Building a Math Discourse Community: Investigating Collaborative Information Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

We reported a study that analyzes collaborative information behavior of small groups in an online math discourse community. Taking group as the unit of analysis, we analyzed the social interactions of participants engaged in collaborative math problem solving and examined how they seek for information in such context. Participants look for information oriented to the procedure, problem, context, and social

Nan Zhou; Gerry Stahl

2007-01-01

316

The Scientization of Physical Education: Discourses of Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the content and context of changes in the dominant discourses of physical education. It begins with an analysis of the role of language in publicly defining a role for new professions and defining the nature of that profession's expertise. It then briefly traces the reconstruction of university physical education as sports studies, sport sciences, and sport management

David J. Whitson; Donald Macintosh

1990-01-01

317

Navigating Discourses in Place in the World of Webkinz  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geosemiotics (Scollon and Scollon, 2003) frames this analysis of play, multimodal collaboration, and peer mediation as players navigate barriers to online connectivity in a children's social network and gaming site. A geosemiotic perspective enables examination of children's web play as "discourses in place": fluidly converging and diverging…

Wohlwend, Karen E.; Zanden, Sarah Vander; Husbye, Nicholas E.; Kuby, Candace R.

2011-01-01

318

Discourse Production Following Injury to the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with damage to the prefrontal cortex, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in particular, often demonstrate difficulties with the formulation of complex language not attributable to aphasia. The present study employed a discourse analysis procedure to characterize the language of individuals with left (L) or right (R) DLPFC…

Coelho, Carl; Le, Karen; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Krueger, Frank; Grafman, Jordan

2012-01-01

319

Investigating Science Discourse in a High School Science Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science classrooms in the United States have become more diverse with respect to the variety of languages spoken by students. This qualitative study used ethnographic methods to investigate the discourse and practices of two ninth grade science classrooms. Approximately 44% of students included in the study were designated as English learners. The present work focused on addressing the following questions: 1) In what ways is science discourse taken up and used by students and their teacher? 2) Are there differences in how science discourse is used by students depending on their English language proficiency? Data collection consisted of interviewing the science teacher and the students, filming whole class and small group discussions during two lesson sequences, and collecting lesson plans, curricular materials, and student work. These data were analyzed qualitatively. Findings indicated that the teacher characterized science discourse along three dimensions: 1) the use of evidence-based explanations; 2) the practice of sharing one's science understandings publically; and 3) the importance of using precise language, including both specialized (i.e., science specific) and non-specialized academic words. Analysis of student participation during in-class activities highlighted how students progressed in each of these science discourse skills. However, this analysis also revealed that English learners were less likely to participate in whole class discussions: Though these students participated in small group discussions, they rarely volunteered to share individual or collective ideas with the class. Overall, students were more adept at utilizing science discourse during class discussions than in written assignments. Analysis of students' written work highlighted difficulties that were not visible during classroom interactions. One potential explanation is the increased amount of scaffolding the teacher provided during class discussions as compared to written assignments. In the implications section, I provide science teachers with recommendations regarding how to promote science discourse in their classrooms. Specifically, teachers should provide students structured opportunities to practice science discourse, require students to use both written and oral modalities in assignments, and offer timely feedback to students regarding their progress in developing their science discourse skills. How this study contributes to the research base on the teaching of science and English learners will also be described.

Swanson, Lauren Honeycutt

320

Representation of Autism in Leading Newspapers in China: A Content Analysis.  

PubMed

The public's lack of understanding and the public's misconceptions about autism in China contribute to the underdiagnosis and undertreatment of the disorder and the stigma associated with it. Mass media are the primary channel through which people learn about autism. This article examines how leading newspapers in China covered autism in the 10-year period of 2003 through 2012 through a framing analysis. It finds that while autism has received increased media attention, it is increasingly framed as a family problem-family members are cited or quoted more than any other sources and the responsibility of dealing with autism is ultimately assigned to families. Autistic people are largely silenced unless they are autistic savants with special talents. The use of the scientific discourse and the human-interest discourse both decrease over time in percentage, while the use of other discourses such as the public relations discourse becomes more dominant. PMID:25074820

Bie, Bijie; Tang, Lu

2014-07-29

321

K Basins Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Safety Analysis Report (HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062, Rev.4). This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report.

WEBB, R.H.

1999-12-29

322

K Basin Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Final Safety Analysis Report. This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report.

PECH, S.H.

2000-08-23

323

The Organization of Narrative Discourse in Lewy Body Spectrum Disorder  

PubMed Central

Narrative discourse is an essential component of day-to-day communication, but little is known about narrative in Lewy Body spectrum disorder (LBSD), including Parkinson's disease (PD), Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We performed a detailed analysis of a semi-structured speech sample in 32 non-aphasic patients with LBSD, and we related their narrative impairments to gray matter (GM) atrophy using voxel-based morphometry. We found that patients with PDD and DLB have significant difficulty organizing their narrative speech. This was correlated with deficits on measures of executive functioning and speech fluency. Regression analyses associated this deficit with reduced cortical volume in inferior frontal and anterior cingulate regions. These findings are consistent with a model of narrative discourse that includes executive as well as language components and with an impairment of the organizational component of narrative discourse in patients with PDD and DLB. PMID:21689852

Ash, Sharon; McMillan, Corey; Gross, Rachel G.; Cook, Philip; Morgan, Brianna; Boller, Ashley; Dreyfuss, Michael; Siderowf, Andrew; Grossman, Murray

2011-01-01

324

Reuniting the antipodes: bringing together Nonstandard Analysis and Constructive Analysis  

E-print Network

the philosophical implications for physics, mathematics and computer science. #12;Introduction NSA and Constructive Analysis Philosophical implications Nonstandard Analysis #12;Introduction NSA and Constructive Analysis Philosophical implications Nonstandard Analysis Nonstandard Analysis (NSA) formalizes `calculus

325

Teacher Teams and Distributed Leadership: A Study of Group Discourse and Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article explores distributed leadership as it relates to two teacher teams in one public secondary school. Both situational and social aspects of distributed leadership are foci of investigation. Methods: The qualitative study used constant comparative analysis and discourse analysis to explore leadership as a distributed phenomenon.…

Scribner, Jay Paredes; Sawyer, R. Keith; Watson, Sheldon T.; Myers, Vicki L.

2007-01-01

326

The power to shape policy: charting sport for development and peace policy discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses findings from a development policy discourse analysis that was conducted using six key sport for development and peace (SDP) policy documents. The research was guided by a theoretical framework combining postcolonial theory and actor-oriented sociology in order to critically analyse SDP policies. Based on this analysis, three theses are proposed: (1) SDP policies are unclear, circuitous and

Lyndsay M. C. Hayhurst

2009-01-01

327

Organizational Analysis Page 1 ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

Organizational Analysis Page 1 ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS Section 46a -68-37 In the last filing Health Center prepared a Job Title and Occupational Category Study in the following manner: 1. JOB TITLE of jobs through which an employee may advance. Titles without promotional opportunity shall be listed

Oliver, Douglas L.

328

Markers of topical discourse in child-directed speech.  

PubMed

Although the language we encounter is typically embedded in rich discourse contexts, many existing models of processing focus largely on phenomena that occur sentence-internally. Similarly, most work on children's language learning does not consider how information can accumulate as a discourse progresses. Research in pragmatics, however, points to ways in which each subsequent utterance provides new opportunities for listeners to infer speaker meaning. Such inferences allow the listener to build up a representation of the speakers' intended topic and more generally to identify relationships, structures, and messages that extend across multiple utterances. We address this issue by analyzing a video corpus of child-caregiver interactions. We use topic continuity as an index of discourse structure, examining how caregivers introduce and discuss objects across utterances. For the analysis, utterances are grouped into topical discourse sequences using three annotation strategies: raw annotations of speakers' referents, the output of a model that groups utterances based on those annotations, and the judgments of human coders. We analyze how the lexical, syntactic, and social properties of caregiver-child interaction change over the course of a sequence of topically related utterances. Our findings suggest that many cues used to signal topicality in adult discourse are also available in child-directed speech. PMID:24731080

Rohde, Hannah; Frank, Michael C

2014-01-01

329

Bayesian Mediation Analysis  

PubMed Central

This article proposes Bayesian analysis of mediation effects. Compared to conventional frequentist mediation analysis, the Bayesian approach has several advantages. First, it allows researchers to incorporate prior information into the mediation analysis, thus potentially improving the efficiency of estimates. Second, under the Bayesian mediation analysis, inference is straightforward and exact, which makes it appealing for studies with small samples. Third, the Bayesian approach is conceptually simpler for multilevel mediation analysis. Simulation studies and analysis of two datasets are used to illustrate the proposed methods. PMID:19968395

Yuan, Ying; MacKinnon, David P.

2010-01-01

330

Contributing to Meaning Making: Facilitating Discourse in the High School Physics Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) identify eight practices as essential to science and engineering, and these practices include asking students to construct explanations, to engage in argumentation, and to communicate scientific information. However, few teacher-training programs instruct teachers how to facilitate such discourse in the classroom. Modeling Instruction is one movement in physics education that organizes high school physics content around a small number of student-derived scientific models, and it relies on student discourse for the design, development, and deployment of these models. This research is a self-study of one high school physics teacher's experience facilitating large group discourse in the high school modeling physics classroom. Whiteboard meetings and graded discussions were examined by applying the analytical framework created by Mortimer and Scott (2003) to characterize the classroom talk and the discourse facilitation moves that I employed. In addition, elements of discourse analysis were used to examine some of the tensions that I experienced in the facilitation of this discourse. The findings suggest that deliberate identification of the teaching purposes for the discussion can help determine the scaffolding needed for students to enter the Discourse (Gee, 2011) of being a participant in these large group conversations. In addition, connecting the dialogic dimension of exploring student ideas with the authoritative dimension of introducing the scientific view and supporting the internalization of that view is necessary to contribute to meaning making in the science classroom.

Hovan, Scot Alan

331

The Nature of Discourse throughout 5E Lessons in a Large Enrolment College Biology Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large enrolment science courses play a significant role in educating undergraduate students. The discourse in these classes usually involves an instructor lecturing with little or no student participation, despite calls from current science education reform documents to elicit and utilize students' ideas in teaching. In this study, we used the 5E instructional model to develop and implement four lessons in a large enrolment introductory biology course with multiple opportunities for teacher-student and student-student interaction. Data consisted of video and audio recordings of whole-class and small-group discussions that took place throughout the study. We then used a science classroom discourse framework developed by Mortimer and Scott (2003) to characterize the discursive interactions in each 5E lesson phase. Analysis of the data resulted in two assertions. First, the purpose, communicative approach, patterns of discourse, and teaching interventions were unique to each 5E lesson phase. Second, the type of lesson topic influenced the content of the discourse. We discuss how the findings help characterize the discourse of each phase in a 5E college science lesson and propose a model to understand internalization through discursive interaction using this reform-based approach. We conclude with implications for facilitating discourse in college science lessons and future research. This study provides support for using the discourse framework to characterize discursive interaction in college science courses.

Sickel, Aaron J.; Witzig, Stephen B.; Vanmali, Binaben H.; Abell, Sandra K.

2013-04-01

332

Image Analysis Working Group  

Cancer.gov

Image Analysis & Performance Metrics Working Group The mission of the Image Analysis & Performance Metrics Working Group (IAPMWG) is to provide guidance, coordination, consensus building, and awareness regarding the development of algorithms and

333

NATIONAL GAP ANALYSIS PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

GAP Analysis is a rapid conservation evaluation method for assessing the current status of biodiversity at large spatial scales. GAP Analysis provides a systematic approach for evaluating the protection afforded biodiversity in given areas. It uses Geographic Information System (...

334

OEXP Analysis Tools Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This publication summarizes the software needs and available analysis tools presented at the OEXP Analysis Tools Workshop held at the NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia on June 21 to 22, 1988. The objective of the workshop was to identify available spacecraft system (and subsystem) analysis and engineering design tools, and mission planning and analysis software that could be used for various NASA Office of Exploration (code Z) studies, specifically lunar and Mars missions.

Garrett, L. Bernard; Wright, Robert L.; Badi, Deborah; Findlay, John T.

1988-01-01

335

Tree Fertilization Soil Analysis  

E-print Network

Tree Fertilization #12;Soil Analysis vs. Foliar Analysis #12;Macronutrients N P K Mg S Ca Micronutrients Fe Mn Zn Mo Cu Cl B #12;Complete fertilizer N P K #12;Fertilizer Analysis Percentages of N P K #12;ANSI A-300 Fertilizer Standard Standards are used to develop contract specifications. Fertilize

336

Multipoint Linkage Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multipoint linkage analysis is commonly used to evaluate linkage of a disease to multiple markers in a small region. Multipoint analysis is particularly powerful when the IBD relations of family members at the trait locus are ambiguous. The increased power arises because, unlike single-marker analyses, multipoint analysis uses haplotype information from several markers to infer the IBD relations. We wish

Jerry Halpern; Alice S. Whittemore

1999-01-01

337

Integrated Genetic Analysis Microsystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of integrated microsystems for genetic analysis allows the acquisition of information at unprecedented length and time scales. The convergence of molecular biology, chemistry, physics, and materials science is required for their design and construction. The utility of the microsystems originates from increased analysis speed, lower analysis cost, and higher parallelism leading to increased assay throughput. In addition, when

E. T. Lagally; H. T. Soh

2005-01-01

338

Image-analysis library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MATHPAC image-analysis library is collection of general-purpose mathematical and statistical routines and special-purpose data-analysis and pattern-recognition routines for image analysis. MATHPAC library consists of Linear Algebra, Optimization, Statistical-Summary, Densities and Distribution, Regression, and Statistical-Test packages.

1980-01-01

339

Modern Regression Discontinuity Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a detailed discussion of the theory and practice of modern regression discontinuity (RD) analysis for estimating the effects of interventions or treatments. Part 1 briefly chronicles the history of RD analysis and summarizes its past applications. Part 2 explains how in theory an RD analysis can identify an average effect of…

Bloom, Howard S.

2012-01-01

340

Taxicab Correspondence Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taxicab correspondence analysis is based on the taxicab singular value decomposition of a contingency table, and it shares some similar properties with correspondence analysis. It is more robust than the ordinary correspondence analysis, because it gives uniform weights to all the points. The visual map constructed by taxicab correspondence…

Choulakian, V.

2006-01-01

341

Compositional analysis by thermogravimetry  

SciTech Connect

This book contains 22 papers by various contributors. They are grouped into four sections: General Papers, Compositional Analysis of Polymeric Materials, Compositional Analysis Using Hyphenated TG Techniques and New Instrumental Concepts, and Compositional Analysis of Inorganics, Fuels, Minerals, and Raw Materials. An author and subject index are included; references date from the 1960s to the present.

Earnest, C.M. (ed.)

1988-01-01

342

Decision Support: Decision Analysis  

E-print Network

-Solving: Stages ­ Relation of DA to some other Disciplines · Decision-Making under Uncertainty ­ Decision-Making under Strict Uncertainty · Decision Table · Various Decision Criteria ­ Decision-Making under Risk · Expected Value · Sensitivity Analysis Decision Analysis Decision Analysis: Applied Decision Theory Provides

Bohanec, Marko

343

Control flow analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any static, global analysis of the expression and data relationships in a program requires a knowledge of the control flow of the program. Since one of the primary reasons for doing such a global analysis in a compiler is to produce optimized programs, control flow analysis has been embedded in many compilers and has been described in several papers. An

Frances E. Allen

1970-01-01

344

Cross-Language Analysis and Second Language Acquisition. Volume 2. Jyvaskyla Cross-Language Studies, No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of 21 papers, most presented at the Fifth International Conference on Contrastive Projects in June 1982 in Finland, includes: "Searching for Linguistic Universals through Contrastive Analysis,""Oral Discourse and Contrastive Analysis: Towards a French vs. Finno-Scandinavian Model,""Cultural Effect on the Comprehensibility of Reading…

Sajavaara, Kari, Ed.

345

[Usage analysis of the Nursing Activities Score in two Spanish ICUS].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to analyze the discourse of health managers on aspects related to delay in tuberculosis diagnosis. This was a qualitative research study, conducted with 16 Family Health Unit managers. The empirical data were obtained through semi-structured interviews. The analysis was based on the theoretical framework of the French school of discourse analysis. According to the managers' statements, the delay in tuberculosis diagnosis is related to patient and health service aspects. As for patient aspects, managers report fear, prejudice and lack of information as factors that may promote a delayed diagnosis. Regarding health service aspects, structural problems and lack of professional skills were reported. The discourse of managers should be considered to qualify tuberculosis control actions and to prevent delays in diagnosis. PMID:24346450

Carmona-Monge, Francisco Javier; Uranga, Ikerne Uria; Gómez, Sonia García; Herranz, Cristina Quirós; Bengoetxea, Maitane Bergaretxe; Unanue, Goiatz Etxabe; Martin, Alazne Iribarren; Hernando, Maialen Echepetelecu; Saralegui, Erika Badiola; Irazoqui, Miren Auzmendi

2013-10-01

346

Causal analysis approaches in Ingenuity Pathway Analysis  

PubMed Central

Motivation: Prior biological knowledge greatly facilitates the meaningful interpretation of gene-expression data. Causal networks constructed from individual relationships curated from the literature are particularly suited for this task, since they create mechanistic hypotheses that explain the expression changes observed in datasets. Results: We present and discuss a suite of algorithms and tools for inferring and scoring regulator networks upstream of gene-expression data based on a large-scale causal network derived from the Ingenuity Knowledge Base. We extend the method to predict downstream effects on biological functions and diseases and demonstrate the validity of our approach by applying it to example datasets. Availability: The causal analytics tools ‘Upstream Regulator Analysis', ‘Mechanistic Networks', ‘Causal Network Analysis' and ‘Downstream Effects Analysis' are implemented and available within Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA, http://www.ingenuity.com). Supplementary information: Supplementary material is available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:24336805

Krämer, Andreas; Green, Jeff; Pollard, Jack; Tugendreich, Stuart

2014-01-01

347

Strategic Analysis Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA s Constellation Program employs a strategic analysis methodology in providing an integrated analysis capability of Lunar exploration scenarios and to support strategic decision-making regarding those scenarios. The strategic analysis methodology integrates the assessment of the major contributors to strategic objective satisfaction performance, affordability, and risk and captures the linkages and feedbacks between all three components. Strategic analysis supports strategic decision making by senior management through comparable analysis of alternative strategies, provision of a consistent set of high level value metrics, and the enabling of cost-benefit analysis. The tools developed to implement the strategic analysis methodology are not element design and sizing tools. Rather, these models evaluate strategic performance using predefined elements, imported into a library from expert-driven design/sizing tools or expert analysis. Specific components of the strategic analysis tool set include scenario definition, requirements generation, mission manifesting, scenario lifecycle costing, crew time analysis, objective satisfaction benefit, risk analysis, and probabilistic evaluation. Results from all components of strategic analysis are evaluated a set of pre-defined figures of merit (FOMs). These FOMs capture the high-level strategic characteristics of all scenarios and facilitate direct comparison of options. The strategic analysis methodology that is described in this paper has previously been applied to the Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs and is now being used to support the development of the baseline Constellation Program lunar architecture. This paper will present an overview of the strategic analysis methodology and will present sample results from the application of the strategic analysis methodology to the Constellation Program lunar architecture.

Cirillo, William M.; Earle, Kevin D.; Goodliff, Kandyce E.; Reeves, J. D.; Stromgren, Chel; Andraschko, Mark R.; Merrill, R. Gabe

2008-01-01

348

Disciplinary discourses: rates of cesarean section explained by medicine, midwifery, and feminism.  

PubMed

In the context of international concern about increasing rates of cesarean sections, we used discourse analysis to examine explanations arising from feminism and the disciplines of medicine and midwifery, and found that each was positioned differently in relation to the rising rates. Medical discourses asserted that doctors are authorities on birth and that, although cesareans are sometimes medically necessary, women recklessly choose unnecessary cesareans against medical advice. Midwifery discourses portrayed medicine as paternalistic toward both women and midwifery, and feminist discourses situated birth and women's bodies in the context of a patriarchally structured society. The findings illustrate the complex ways in which this intervention in birth is discursively constructed, and demonstrate its significance as a site of disciplinary conflict. PMID:18437594

Lee, Amy Su May; Kirkman, Maggie

2008-05-01

349

Reading Words in Discourse: The Modulation of Lexical Priming Effects by Message-Level Context  

PubMed Central

Repetition and semantic-associative priming effects have been demonstrated for words in nonstructured contexts (i.e., word pairs or lists of words) in numerous behavioral and electrophysio-logical studies. The processing of a word has thus been shown to benefit from the prior presentation of an identical or associated word in the absence of a constraining context. An examination of such priming effects for words that are embedded within a meaningful discourse context provides information about the interaction of different levels of linguistic analysis. This article reviews behavioral and electrophysiological research that has examined the processing of repeated and associated words in sentence and discourse contexts. It provides examples of the ways in which eye tracking and event-related potentials might be used to further explore priming effects in discourse. The modulation of lexical priming effects by discourse factors suggests the interaction of information at different levels in online language comprehension. PMID:16891554

Ledoux, Kerry; Camblin, C. Christine; Swaab, Tamara Y.; Gordon, Peter C.

2006-01-01

350

Reflective discourse techniques: From in-class discussions to out-of-classroom problem solving  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Instructors often give prompts that encourage students to articulate their beliefs and conceptions, as well as encourage students to understand the thoughts of their peers. This reflective discourse is used in a calculus-based introductory physics class at Lane Community College, where the instructor explicitly has discourse goals integrated into his course structure. We investigate whether students utilize this discourse when solving problems outside of the classroom context. We interviewed groups of students after the end of spring term, 2012. The students were asked to solve open-ended problems, with analysis focused on whether students applied this reflective discourse. Students were asked a series of follow-up questions to reflect upon their experiences in the course.

Wampler, Wendi; Demaree, Dedra; Gilbert, Dennis

2013-01-01

351

Environmental Discourse & Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The course will consider the relationship between discourse and nature. Through a variety of readings, lectures, discussions, interactive exercises, written work, and presentations, the course will explore the scope and character of a wide range of public discourses around environmental affairs. Combining theoretical material with examples, it will address the following topics: the cultural and social contexts of environmental discourse;

Mark Meisner

352

Visual physics analysis VISPA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

VISPA is a development environment for high energy physics analyses which enables physicists to combine graphical and textual work. A physics analysis cycle consists of prototyping, performing, and verifying the analysis. The main feature of VISPA is a multipurpose window for visual steering of analysis steps, creation of analysis templates, and browsing physics event data at different steps of an analysis. VISPA follows an experiment-independent approach and incorporates various tools for steering and controlling required in a typical analysis. Connection to different frameworks of high energy physics experiments is achieved by using different types of interfaces. We present the look-and-feel for an example physics analysis at the LHC and explain the underlying software concepts of VISPA.

Actis, Oxana; Brodski, Michael; Erdmann, Martin; Fischer, Robert; Hinzmann, Andreas; Klimkovich, Tatsiana; Müller, Gero; Münzer, Thomas; Plum, Matthias; Steggemann, Jan; Winchen, Tobias

2010-04-01

353

Media discourses of low carbon housing: The marginalisation of social and behavioural dimensions within the British broadsheet press.  

PubMed

Decarbonising housing is a key UK government policy to mitigate climate change. Using discourse analysis, we assess how low carbon housing is portrayed within British broadsheet media. Three distinct storylines were identified. Dominating the discourse, Zero carbon housing promotes new-build, low carbon houses as offering high technology solutions to the climate problem. Retrofitting homes emphasises the need to reduce emissions within existing housing, tackling both climate change and rising fuel prices. A more marginal discourse, Sustainable living, frames low carbon houses as related to individual identities and 'off-grid' or greener lifestyles. Our analysis demonstrates that technical and economic paradigms dominate media discourse on low carbon housing, marginalising social and behavioural aspects. PMID:24336448

Cherry, Catherine; Hopfe, Christina; MacGillivray, Brian; Pidgeon, Nick

2015-04-01

354

Analysis of Pre-Germinated Barley using Hyperspectral Image Analysis.  

E-print Network

Analysis of Pre-Germinated Barley using Hyperspectral Image Analysis. TECHNICAL REPORT v1.0 Morten) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5 Germination Time Classification entitled 'Analysis of Pre- Germinated Barley using Hyperspectral Image Analysis.' [1]. It is not self

355

NASA trend analysis procedures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This publication is primarily intended for use by NASA personnel engaged in managing or implementing trend analysis programs. 'Trend analysis' refers to the observation of current activity in the context of the past in order to infer the expected level of future activity. NASA trend analysis was divided into 5 categories: problem, performance, supportability, programmatic, and reliability. Problem trend analysis uncovers multiple occurrences of historical hardware or software problems or failures in order to focus future corrective action. Performance trend analysis observes changing levels of real-time or historical flight vehicle performance parameters such as temperatures, pressures, and flow rates as compared to specification or 'safe' limits. Supportability trend analysis assesses the adequacy of the spaceflight logistics system; example indicators are repair-turn-around time and parts stockage levels. Programmatic trend analysis uses quantitative indicators to evaluate the 'health' of NASA programs of all types. Finally, reliability trend analysis attempts to evaluate the growth of system reliability based on a decreasing rate of occurrence of hardware problems over time. Procedures for conducting all five types of trend analysis are provided in this publication, prepared through the joint efforts of the NASA Trend Analysis Working Group.

1993-01-01

356

HAZARD ANALYSIS SOFTWARE  

SciTech Connect

Washington Safety Management Solutions, LLC developed web-based software to improve the efficiency and consistency of hazard identification and analysis, control selection and classification, and to standardize analysis reporting at Savannah River Site. In the new nuclear age, information technology provides methods to improve the efficiency of the documented safety analysis development process which includes hazard analysis activities. This software provides a web interface that interacts with a relational database to support analysis, record data, and to ensure reporting consistency. A team of subject matter experts participated in a series of meetings to review the associated processes and procedures for requirements and standard practices. Through these meetings, a set of software requirements were developed and compiled into a requirements traceability matrix from which software could be developed. The software was tested to ensure compliance with the requirements. Training was provided to the hazard analysis leads. Hazard analysis teams using the software have verified its operability. The software has been classified as NQA-1, Level D, as it supports the analysis team but does not perform the analysis. The software can be transported to other sites with alternate risk schemes. The software is being used to support the development of 14 hazard analyses. User responses have been positive with a number of suggestions for improvement which are being incorporated as time permits. The software has enforced a uniform implementation of the site procedures. The software has significantly improved the efficiency and standardization of the hazard analysis process.

Sommer, S; Tinh Tran, T

2008-04-08

357

Proc. 22nd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society CogSci '2000, Philadelphia, pp. 262267. (corr. 6/5/00). Learning the Use of Discourse Markers in Tutorial Dialogue  

E-print Network

of Pittsburgh 3939 O'Hara St. Pittsburgh, PA 15260 Abstract Usage of discourse markers in tutorial language can. In Rhetorical Structure Theory, discourse markers mark rhetorical relations between segments (Mann and Thompson combines Grosz and Sidner's type of analysis with Rhetorical Structure Theory. They derived rules

358

Strengthening national capital: a postcolonial analysis of lifelong learning policy in St Lucia, Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a postcolonial policy analysis of the Education Sector Development Plan: 2000–2005 and Beyond in the small Caribbean island nation of St Lucia. The specific focus is upon the nature of the lifelong learning policy as incorporated in the Plan. This is shown to be a globalised policy discourse. Drawing on a number of postcolonial theorists, the paper

Bob Lingard; Kentry D. Jn Pierre

2006-01-01

359

Facilitation and Teacher Behaviors: An Analysis of Literacy Teachers' Video-Case Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored how peer and professor facilitations are related to teachers' behaviors during video-case discussions. Fourteen inservice teachers produced 1,787 turns of conversation during 12 video-case discussions that were video-recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed with statistical discourse analysis. Professor facilitations…

Arya, Poonam; Christ, Tanya; Chiu, Ming Ming

2014-01-01

360

The analysis of an electronic support group for individuals with eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic newsgroups, functioning as electronic support groups, now proliferate on the Internet and commercial computer networks. Little is known about the functioning and efficacy of these groups. A discourse analysis was performed on 306 messages posted to an eating disorder electronic support group. The most common message content involved self-disclosure (31%) followed by requests for information (23%), and the direct

Andrew Winzelberg

1997-01-01

361

Undermining Mothers: A Content Analysis of the Representation of Mothers in Magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mother wars, the pitting of at-home and employed mothers against each other, domi- nate public discourse. Mother roles are contested and, as a result, mothers are inun- dated with contradictory messages that affirm a particular mother role and simulta- neously condemn a mother for achieving it. This content analysis explores 4 maternal contradictions in contemporary women's magazines: (a) mothers are

Deirdre D. Johnston; Debra H. Swanson

2003-01-01

362

Different Paths from Powerlessness to Empowerment: A Dramatistic Analysis of Two Eating Disorder Therapies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a dramatistic analysis to examine the rhetorical elements of two therapeutic discourses designed to help women cope with eating disorders: spiritual recovery therapy (SR) and feminist psychoanalytic therapy (FT). Finds each therapy has the same key terms but serve different functions and encourage different interpretations. (NH)

Cooks, Leda; Descutner, David

1993-01-01

363

Strengthening National Capital: A Postcolonial Analysis of Lifelong Learning Policy in St Lucia, Caribbean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a postcolonial policy analysis of the "Education Sector Development Plan: 2000-2005 and Beyond" in the small Caribbean island nation of St Lucia. The specific focus is upon the nature of the lifelong learning policy as incorporated in the Plan. This is shown to be a globalised policy discourse. Drawing on a number of…

Lingard, Bob; Jn Pierre, Kentry D.

2006-01-01

364

An Analysis of the Style of Exemplary First-Year Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to present a detailed analysis of the style of exemplary first-year writing in order to establish and understand those features of written discourse that first-year writing teachers most value and reward. Having established the stylistic features of exemplary first-year writing, the paper goes on to provide first-year…

Soles, Derek

2005-01-01

365

The Ambivalence of Community: A Critical Analysis of Rural Education's Oldest Trope  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of community has been central to the discourse of rural education for generations. At the same time, community has been and continues to be a deeply problematic concept. I begin this analysis with Raymond Williams's characterization of the idea of community as a uniquely positive concept, arguing that this framing is, as Williams…

Corbett, Michael

2014-01-01

366

Blaming Victims and Survivors: An Analysis of Post-Katrina Print News Coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In few circumstances are news media more powerful than during crisis events. The purpose of this research was to document the discursive construction of individuals who experienced hurricane Katrina in post-Katrina print news coverage. Informed by a social constructionist perspective, this critical discourse analysis highlights the power of news media to shape cultural understanding of the citizens involved and, consequently,

M. Justin Davis; T. Nathaniel French

2008-01-01

367

Students Talking: An Analysis of How Students Convey Attitude in Maths Talk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the math talk of two 17-year olds and their teacher showed how students used modality markers to convey social and math attitudes. One student conformed to and supported the dominant discourse of math as an impersonal set of procedures. The other expressed more personal involvement in math, which is typically not supported in classroom…

Bills, Liz

1999-01-01

368

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Stance in Disaster News Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines stance in cross-cultural media discourse by comparing disaster news reports on the Sichuan earthquake of May 2008 in a Chinese, an Australian Chinese, and an Australian newspaper. The stance taken in the news reports is examined using the Attitude sub-system of Martin and White's (2005) Appraisal framework. The analysis

Liu, Lian; Stevenson, Marie

2013-01-01

369

Bridging Work Practice and System Design: Integrating Systemic Analysis, Appreciative Intervention and Practitioner Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the integration of work practice and system design. By scrutinising the unfolding discourse of workshop participants the co-construction of work practice issues as relevant design considerations is described. Through a mutual exploration of ethnography and participatory design the contributing constituents to the co-construction process are identified and put forward as elements in the integration of `systemic analysis'

Helena Karasti

2001-01-01

370

Mapping the Future, Mapping Education: An Analysis of the 2011 State of the Union Address  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a discourse analysis of President Barack Obama's 2011 State of the Union Address. Fredric Jameson's concepts of cognitive mapping, cultural revolution, and the unconscious are employed to examine the president's vision of educational and economic transformation. Ultimately, it is argued this vision evokes a world in which…

Collin, Ross

2012-01-01

371

What's In, What's Out - An Analysis of State Educational Technology Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of dominant discourses in state educational technology plans. The potential pedagogical, political, and financial implications of state technology plans were the impetus for the current study. Our primary purpose is to understand the views promoted in these plans. The promotion of some ideas automatically implies demotion of some others. We are thus also interested in

Paul Conway

372

NONSTANDARD TRENDS IN FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NONSTANDARD TRENDS IN FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS A. G. Kusraev (Vladikavkaz), S. S. Kutateladze. S. Kutateladze (Novosibirsk) NONSTANDARD TRENDS IN FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS #12;Boolean Valued Analysis (Vladikavkaz), S. S. Kutateladze (Novosibirsk) NONSTANDARD TRENDS IN FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS #12;Boolean Valued

Kutateladze, Semen Samsonovich

373

PURDUE EXTENSION Capital Investment Analysis  

E-print Network

fundamental tasks: 1) economic profitability analysis and 2) financial feasibility analysis. Economic, this publica- tion follows an example through the economic profitability and financial feasibility analysis received in the future. Economic Profitability The purpose of an economic profitability analysis

374

ENHANCED UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS FOR SRS COMPOSITE ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The Composite Analysis (CA) performed for the Savannah River Site (SRS) in 2009 (SRS CA 2009) included a simplified uncertainty analysis. The uncertainty analysis in the CA (Smith et al. 2009b) was limited to considering at most five sources in a separate uncertainty calculation performed for each POA. To perform the uncertainty calculations in a reasonable amount of time, the analysis was limited to using 400 realizations, 2,000 years of simulated transport time, and the time steps used for the uncertainty analysis were increased from what was used in the CA base case analysis. As part of the CA maintenance plan, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) committed to improving the CA uncertainty/sensitivity analysis. The previous uncertainty analysis was constrained by the standard GoldSim licensing which limits the user to running at most four Monte Carlo uncertainty calculations (also called realizations) simultaneously. Some of the limitations on the number of realizations that could be practically run and the simulation time steps were removed by building a cluster of three HP Proliant windows servers with a total of 36 64-bit processors and by licensing the GoldSim DP-Plus distributed processing software. This allowed running as many as 35 realizations simultaneously (one processor is reserved as a master process that controls running the realizations). These enhancements to SRNL computing capabilities made uncertainty analysis: using 1000 realizations, using the time steps employed in the base case CA calculations, with more sources, and simulating radionuclide transport for 10,000 years feasible. In addition, an importance screening analysis was performed to identify the class of stochastic variables that have the most significant impact on model uncertainty. This analysis ran the uncertainty model separately testing the response to variations in the following five sets of model parameters: (a) K{sub d} values (72 parameters for the 36 CA elements in sand and clay), (b) Dose Parameters (34 parameters), (c) Material Properties (20 parameters), (d) Surface Water Flows (6 parameters), and (e) Vadose and Aquifer Flow (4 parameters). Results provided an assessment of which group of parameters is most significant in the dose uncertainty. It was found that K{sub d} and the vadose/aquifer flow parameters, both of which impact transport timing, had the greatest impact on dose uncertainty. Dose parameters had an intermediate level of impact while material properties and surface water flows had little impact on dose uncertainty. Results of the importance analysis are discussed further in Section 7 of this report. The objectives of this work were to address comments received during the CA review on the uncertainty analysis and to demonstrate an improved methodology for CA uncertainty calculations as part of CA maintenance. This report partially addresses the LFRG Review Team issue of producing an enhanced CA sensitivity and uncertainty analysis. This is described in Table 1-1 which provides specific responses to pertinent CA maintenance items extracted from Section 11 of the SRS CA (2009). As noted above, the original uncertainty analysis looked at each POA separately and only included the effects from at most five sources giving the highest peak doses at each POA. Only 17 of the 152 CA sources were used in the original uncertainty analysis and the simulation time was reduced from 10,000 to 2,000 years. A major constraint on the original uncertainty analysis was the limitation of only being able to use at most four distributed processes. This work expanded the analysis to 10,000 years using 39 of the CA sources, included cumulative dose effects at downstream POAs, with more realizations (1,000) and finer time steps. This was accomplished by using the GoldSim DP-Plus module and the 36 processors available on a new windows cluster. The last part of the work looked at the contribution to overall uncertainty from the main categories of uncertainty variables: K{sub d}s, dose parameters, flow parameters, and material propertie

Smith, F.; Phifer, M.

2011-06-30

375

Art Analysis Worksheet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Look at each painting and then choose a painting that you would like to use for your art analysis. Open the paintings from the The Art Institute of Chicago?. Look at each one of them. Choose one for your art analysis. Be specific as possible while doing your art analysis. 1. View of Cotopaxi, 1857 1857. Painted by Frederic Edwin Church. American, 1826-1900. Oil on canvas, 62.2 x 92.7 cm. 2. ...

Mrs. Christensen

2009-09-28

376

Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis is a novel statistical technique for the analysis of two--mode and co-occurrence data, which has applications in information retrieval and filtering, natural language processing, machine learning from text, and in related areas. Compared to standard Latent Semantic Analysis which stems from linear algebra and performs a Singular Value Decomposition of co-occurrence tables, the proposed method is

Thomas Hofmann

1999-01-01

377

Human reliability analysis  

SciTech Connect

The authors present a treatment of human reliability analysis incorporating an introduction to probabilistic risk assessment for nuclear power generating stations. They treat the subject according to the framework established for general systems theory. Draws upon reliability analysis, psychology, human factors engineering, and statistics, integrating elements of these fields within a systems framework. Provides a history of human reliability analysis, and includes examples of the application of the systems approach.

Dougherty, E.M.; Fragola, J.R.

1988-01-01

378

ANALYSIS II Spring 1998  

E-print Network

ANALYSIS II Math 555 Spring 1998 Instructor: Professor: Bob Sharpley Office: 313D LeConte Office. Principles of Real Analysis (3 rd ed.), by Walter Rudin, McGraw-Hill, 1976. 2. http://www.math.sc.edu/~sharpley/Uniqueness of solutions of elliptic and parabolic PDE. 1 of 2 04/25/2000 8:33 AM Real Analysis II http://www.math.sc.edu/~sharpley

Sharpley, Robert

379

When discourses collide: creationism and evolution in the public sphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review essay focuses on Özgür Ta?k?n's discussion of the theory of evolution (TOE), intelligent design (ID) and the convictions of fundamentalist science educators and students in his paper entitled: An exploratory examination of Islamic values in science education: Islamization of science teaching and learning via constructivism. It examines the competing social discourses of evolution and creationism in the United States, which is partially maintained by national public opinion polls and states' legislation about the TOE in the science curricula. The examination of US social discourses presented here is framed by James Gee's (2008) theory that Discourses with a capital "D," are unconscious and uncritical socially accepted ways of speaking/listening and writing/reading that are merged with "distinctive ways of acting, interacting, valuing, feeling, dressing, thinking, [and] believing…so as to enact specific socially recognizable identities…" (p. 155). Such Discourses identify insiders of and outsiders to religious affiliations and other social or cultural groups. The context of this examination is unique in that is draws from the national conversation about the inclusion of ID alongside of the TOE in the public school science programs. Gee's (2011) concept that Discourses serve as tools of inquiry guides the analysis of video recorded public messages from Bill Nye and Lawrence Krauss as well as Creation Museum president Ken Ham. The analysis and discussion of the national conversation about creationism and public education suggests that the education community must consider the global landscape of science literacy both locally and internationally. It also indicates that preservice and practicing science educators may require special training and support. In order to provide unbiased, religious-resistant, evidence-based science instruction, science educators must understand how to separate church from state regardless of their personal beliefs. They must also know how to navigate conversations about the TOE among diverse communities of learners that include both religiously and non-religiously affiliated students.

Dávila, Denise

2014-12-01

380

A Computational Approach to Qualitative Analysis in Large Textual Datasets  

PubMed Central

In this paper I introduce computational techniques to extend qualitative analysis into the study of large textual datasets. I demonstrate these techniques by using probabilistic topic modeling to analyze a broad sample of 14,952 documents published in major American newspapers from 1980 through 2012. I show how computational data mining techniques can identify and evaluate the significance of qualitatively distinct subjects of discussion across a wide range of public discourse. I also show how examining large textual datasets with computational methods can overcome methodological limitations of conventional qualitative methods, such as how to measure the impact of particular cases on broader discourse, how to validate substantive inferences from small samples of textual data, and how to determine if identified cases are part of a consistent temporal pattern. PMID:24498398

Evans, Michael S.

2014-01-01

381

Linguistic methodology for the analysis of aviation accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A linguistic method for the analysis of small group discourse, was developed and the use of this method on transcripts of commercial air transpot accidents is demonstrated. The method identifies the discourse types that occur and determine their linguistic structure; it identifies significant linguistic variables based upon these structures or other linguistic concepts such as speech act and topic; it tests hypotheses that support significance and reliability of these variables; and it indicates the implications of the validated hypotheses. These implications fall into three categories: (1) to train crews to use more nearly optimal communication patterns; (2) to use linguistic variables as indices for aspects of crew performance such as attention; and (3) to provide guidelines for the design of aviation procedures and equipment, especially those that involve speech.

Goguen, J. A.; Linde, C.

1983-01-01

382

Risk analysis methodology survey  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA regulations require that formal risk analysis be performed on a program at each of several milestones as it moves toward full-scale development. Program risk analysis is discussed as a systems analysis approach, an iterative process (identification, assessment, management), and a collection of techniques. These techniques, which range from simple to complex network-based simulation were surveyed. A Program Risk Analysis Handbook was prepared in order to provide both analyst and manager with a guide for selection of the most appropriate technique.

Batson, Robert G.

1987-01-01

383

Hazard Analysis Database Report  

SciTech Connect

The Hazard Analysis Database was developed in conjunction with the hazard analysis activities conducted in accordance with DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U S . Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports, for HNF-SD-WM-SAR-067, Tank Farms Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR). The FSAR is part of the approved Authorization Basis (AB) for the River Protection Project (RPP). This document describes, identifies, and defines the contents and structure of the Tank Farms FSAR Hazard Analysis Database and documents the configuration control changes made to the database. The Hazard Analysis Database contains the collection of information generated during the initial hazard evaluations and the subsequent hazard and accident analysis activities. The Hazard Analysis Database supports the preparation of Chapters 3 ,4 , and 5 of the Tank Farms FSAR and the Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) process and consists of two major, interrelated data sets: (1) Hazard Analysis Database: Data from the results of the hazard evaluations, and (2) Hazard Topography Database: Data from the system familiarization and hazard identification.

GRAMS, W.H.

2000-12-28

384

Smart Schools for Saving the Soul: A Juxtaposition of Neofundamentalist and Neoliberal Discourse Concentrations in Contemporary Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an analysis of public documents produced by the government of Malaysia for the purpose of guiding the enactment of educational technology efforts in Malaysia. The analysis explores the concentration of discourses that make possible certain framings of technology in educational contexts that seek to act upon the notions of…

Thomas, Michael K.; Nayan, Rohany

2011-01-01

385

Discourse on safe drug use: symbolic logics and ethical aspects  

PubMed Central

Drug safety is not a matter for healthcare professionals alone. As actors, patients are also concerned, at three different levels: 1) with regard to their behaviour and choices of drugs, with a view to reducing adverse reactions, 2) with regard to the discourse sometimes used by doctors in relation to prescribed drugs, 3) with regard to the discourses of the pharmaceutical industry concerning how they use their drugs within the framework of self-medication. We will examine these aspects on the basis of data gathered in France during anthropological studies on drug use. Patients’ concerns about reducing adverse effects give rise to a series of behaviours relating to drug use. They start with the identification of what they regard as a risk inherent in the substances or linked to uncontrolled use of drugs and try to neutralize their risks by modifying or modulating the prescriptions in line with various parameters. They take into account dimensions as varied as: the nature of the prescribed drugs, the quantity, the dosage and the preservation of certain functions or organs, and follow their own rules of conduct in order to reduce risks. These dimensions bring into play both representations of the drug and representations of the person, and consider the effects or the risks of drugs in their physical, psychic, behavioural and social aspects.We consider here doctors’ discourse towards patients regarding the risks and possible effects of drugs, in particular the discourse of those who choose to hide the undesirable effects of drugs from their patients – or even to lie to them on this subject – with the aim of not jeopardizing the patient’s compliance. This situation involves comparing two logics: ethics of care versus ethics of information.Regarding the pharmaceutical industry’s discourse on self-medication and risks. Although it promotes self-medication on the basis of patients’ growing desire for autonomy and competency, the pharmaceutical industry has a discourse which stigmatizes the home medicine cabinet for reasons of safety, which in fact questions patients’ ability to use drugs properly. This analysis shows that the various behaviours and discourses relating to the risks of drugs are impregnated with symbolic, ethical and cultural logics. As a consequence, above and beyond works carried out on the question of pharmacovigilance, examining the issue of safe drug use involves studying the human (social and cultural) aspects which govern part of the discourses and practices relating to drug safety. PMID:20635820

Fainzang, Sylvie

2010-01-01

386

CREATIVE ANALYSIS, THE GRADED EXERCISES IN ANALYSIS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

WRITTEN TO IMPLEMENT THE PRINCIPLES SET FORTH IN "DESIGN FOR THINKING" (SEE TE 000 457.), THIS BOOK DEALS WITH WORDS AS TOOLS OF THOUGHT AND WITH THE PROBLEM-SOLVING FUNCTION OF LANGUAGE. CHAPTERS ARE ON (1) QUALIFICATION, CLASSIFICATION, AND ABSTRACTION, (2) SIGNS, REPRESENTATIONS, SYMBOLS, AND MATRICES, (3) ANALYSIS (BY CLASSIFICATION,…

SAMSON, RICHARD W.; UPTON, ALBERT

387

Positioning and Interpretative Repertoires: Conversation Analysis and Post-Structuralism in Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on Schegloff's (1997) comments on critical discourse analysis and evaluates their force in relation to the analysis of a segment of a group discussion with three young white middle-class men concerning an episode in one of the participant's recent sexual history. The post-structuralist-influenced writings of Laclau and Mouffe (1985, 1987) are presented as an alternative analytic frame

Margaret Wetherell

1998-01-01

388

Asymptotic modal analysis and statistical energy analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Asymptotic Modal Analysis (AMA) is a method which is used to model linear dynamical systems with many participating modes. The AMA method was originally developed to show the relationship between statistical energy analysis (SEA) and classical modal analysis (CMA). In the limit of a large number of modes of a vibrating system, the classical modal analysis result can be shown to be equivalent to the statistical energy analysis result. As the CMA result evolves into the SEA result, a number of systematic assumptions are made. Most of these assumptions are based upon the supposition that the number of modes approaches infinity. It is for this reason that the term 'asymptotic' is used. AMA is the asymptotic result of taking the limit of CMA as the number of modes approaches infinity. AMA refers to any of the intermediate results between CMA and SEA, as well as the SEA result which is derived from CMA. The main advantage of the AMA method is that individual modal characteristics are not required in the model or computations. By contrast, CMA requires that each modal parameter be evaluated at each frequency. In the latter, contributions from each mode are computed and the final answer is obtained by summing over all the modes in the particular band of interest. AMA evaluates modal parameters only at their center frequency and does not sum the individual contributions from each mode in order to obtain a final result. The method is similar to SEA in this respect. However, SEA is only capable of obtaining spatial averages or means, as it is a statistical method. Since AMA is systematically derived from CMA, it can obtain local spatial information as well.

Dowell, Earl H.

1992-01-01

389

Social Construction of Gender and Sexuality in Online HIV/AIDS Discourses in China: A Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis  

E-print Network

help to empower women in their combat with HIV/AIDS. The government should create a democratic/AIDS represents a growing health threat to women worldwide. In China, the proportion of female HIV cases has been going up due to increasing sexual infection. Women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS can be largely attributed

Kvasny, Lynette

390

Proximate Analysis of Coal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lab experiment illustrates the use of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to perform proximate analysis on a series of coal samples of different rank. Peat and coke are also examined. A total of four exercises are described. These are dry exercises as students interpret previously recorded scans. The weight percent moisture, volatile matter,…

Donahue, Craig J.; Rais, Elizabeth A.

2009-01-01

391

Frequency Measurement & Analysis Service  

E-print Network

NIST Frequency Measurement & Analysis Service #12;A Complete Solution To All Frequency Measurement & Calibration Problems The NIST Frequency Measurement and Analysis Service makes it easy to measure, and are traceable to NIST at an uncertainty of 2.5 x 10-13 per day. Subscribers to the NIST service receive

Magee, Joseph W.

392

Canonical Commonality Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commonality analysis is a method of partitioning variance that has advantages over more traditional "OVA" methods. Commonality analysis indicates the amount of explanatory power that is "unique" to a given predictor variable and the amount of explanatory power that is "common" to or shared with at least one predictor variable. This paper outlines…

Leister, K. Dawn

393

Functional Extended Redundancy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We propose a functional version of extended redundancy analysis that examines directional relationships among several sets of multivariate variables. As in extended redundancy analysis, the proposed method posits that a weighed composite of each set of exogenous variables influences a set of endogenous variables. It further considers endogenous…

Hwang, Heungsun; Suk, Hye Won; Lee, Jang-Han; Moskowitz, D. S.; Lim, Jooseop

2012-01-01

394

Invention and Gain Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gain analysis is applied to the invention of the sewing needle as well as different sewing implements and modes of sewing. The analysis includes a two-subject experiment. To validate the generality of gain heuristics and underlying switching processes, the invention of the assembly line is also analyzed. (TJH)

Weber, Robert J.; Dixon, Stacey

1989-01-01

395

DEM Analysis Daniel Miller  

E-print Network

Programs for DEM Analysis by Daniel Miller 2002, 2003 Theory and Technology in Natural Sciences are a direct outgrowth of work sponsored by the Coastal Landscape Analysis and Modeling Study (http, vegetation, geomorphology, hydrology, and aquatic ecology, focusing on climatic disturbances, erosion

396

Analysis of Industrial Wastewaters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive, documented discussion of certain operating principles useful as guidelines for the analysis of industrial wastewaters is presented. Intended primarily for the chemist, engineer, or other professional person concerned with all aspects of industrial wastewater analysis, it is not to be considered as a substitute for standard manuals…

Mancy, K. H.; Weber, W. J., Jr.

397

Interprocedural pointer alias analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present practical approximation methods for computing and representing interprocedural aliases for a program written in a language that includes pointers, reference parameters, and recursion. We present the following contributions: (1) a framework for interprocedural pointer alias analysis that handles function pointers by constructing the program call graph while alias analysis is being performed; (2) a flow-sensitive interprocedural pointer alias

Michael Hind; Michael G. Burke; Paul R. Carini; Jong-Deok Choi

1999-01-01

398

FOOD RISK ANALYSIS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Food risk analysis is a holistic approach to food safety because it considers all aspects of the problem. Risk assessment modeling is the foundation of food risk analysis. Proper design and simulation of the risk assessment model is important to properly predict and control risk. Because of knowl...

399

THERMAL ?-? MODULATOR: PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents the system performance analysis, in terms of frequency response and system resolution, of a 1-bit first-order ?-? thermal modulator. In this system model, some of the operations conversion is performed by the thermoresistive sensor, which operates at constant temperature method. The system performance analysis was realized with a sampled version of the continuous time thermal ?-? modulator.

L. S. Palma; A. Oliveira; R. C. S. Freire; A. B. Fontes

400

Hospital portfolio analysis.  

PubMed

Portfolio analysis is a management technique that rationalizes the process of allocating funds to programs. Each program is screened based on financial performance and organizational relevance. A decision-making matrix prioritizes programs into an orderly form. When resources are scarce, as they were at Tampa General, portfolio analysis can be the key to keeping a strategic plan on course. PMID:10106650

Bare, J L; Bess, A I

1990-05-01

401

Deconstructing Statistical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a very complex statistical analysis and research method for the sake of enhancing the prestige of an article or making a new product or service legitimate needs to be monitored and questioned for accuracy. 1) The more complicated the statistical analysis, and research the fewer the number of learned readers can understand it. This adds a…

Snell, Joel

2014-01-01

402

Extended scenario analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scenario analysis, as proposed by Rockafellar and Wets, is a stochastic programming technique employing discrete scenarios with known probabilities, usually covering several time periods. The requirement of nonaticipativity (not using future information to make present decisions) is enforced during the computational solution by using Spingarn's method of partial inverses. The scenario analysis method as proposed relies on separability (with respect

Stephen M. Robinson

1991-01-01

403

Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis  

E-print Network

1 Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis Vasilis Fthenakis Center of Life Cycle Analysis Earth Brookhaven National Laboratory www.clca.columbia.edu www.pv.bnl.gov #12;2 The Life Cycle of PVThe Life Cycle (air, water, solid) M, Q E PV array Photovoltaic modules Balance of System (BOS) (Inverters

404

Fault Tree Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, a state-of-the-art review of fault tree analysis is presented. Different forms of fault trees, including\\u000a static, dynamic, and non-coherent fault trees, their applications and analyses will be discussed. Some advanced topics such\\u000a as importance analysis, dependent failures, disjoint events, and multistate systems will also be presented.

Liudong Xing; Suprasad V. Amari

405

Observations on risk analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper briefly describes WASH 1400 and the Lewis report. It attempts to define basic concepts such as risk and risk analysis, common mode failure, and rare event. Several probabilistic models which go beyond the WASH 1400 methodology are introduced; the common characteristic of these models is that they recognize explicitly that risk analysis is time dependent whereas WASH 1400

Thompson; W. A. Jr

1979-01-01

406

Escape Analysis for Java  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simple and efficient data flow algorithmfor escape analysis of objects in Java programs to determine(i) if an object can be allocated on the stack; (ii) if an objectis accessed only by a single thread during its lifetime, so thatsynchronization operations on that object can be removed. Weintroduce a new program abstraction for escape analysis, theconnection graph,

Jong-Deok Choi; Manish Gupta; Mauricio J. Serrano; Vugranam C. Sreedhar; Samuel P. Midkiff

1999-01-01

407

BATSE spectroscopy analysis system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) Spectroscopy Analysis System (BSAS) is the software system which is the primary tool for the analysis of spectral data from BATSE. As such, Guest Investigators and the community as a whole need to know its basic properties and characteristics. Described here are the characteristics of the BATSE spectroscopy detectors and the BSAS.

Schaefer, Bradley E.; Bansal, Sandhia; Basu, Anju; Brisco, Phil; Cline, Thomas L.; Friend, Elliott; Laubenthal, Nancy; Panduranga, E. S.; Parkar, Nuru; Rust, Brad

1992-01-01

408

Feasibility and Cost Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

North Carolina school districts thinking about building new educational facilities are legislatively required to conduct an analysis that compares the costs and feasibility of building the new building versus renovating an old building. This document contains the cost and feasibility forms suggested for use in this analysis. The forms provide a…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

409

Forensic video image analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forensic video image analysis is a new scientific tool for perpetrator enhancement and identification in poorly recorded crime scene situations. Forensic video image analysis is emerging technology for law enforcement, industrial security and surveillance addressing the following problems often found in these poor quality video recorded incidences.

Edwards, Thomas R.

1997-02-01

410

Analysis of spacecraft data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Support was provided for the maintenance and modifications of software for the production and detailed analysis of data from the DE-A spacecraft and new software developed for this end. Software for the analysis of the data from the Spacelab Experimental Particle Accelerator (SEPAC) was also developed.

1985-01-01

411

Temporal Concept Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces Temporal Concept Analysis (TCA) as the the- ory o f temporal phenomena described with tools of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA). The basic notion in TCA is that of a Conceptual Time System intro- duced by the author (42,45) such that state spaces and phase spaces can be de- fined as concept lattices which clearly represent the meaning

Karl Erich Wolff

412

Zen and Behavior Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zen's challenge for behavior analysis is to explain a repertoire that renders analysis itself meaningless--a result following not from scientific or philosophical arguments but rather from a unique verbal history generated by Zen's methods. Untying Zen's verbal knots suggests how meditation's and koans' effects on verbal behavior contribute to…

Bass, Roger

2010-01-01

413

Sequence Analysis Outline Comparison  

E-print Network

1 Sequence Analysis Outline · Comparison · Alignment ­ Pairwise and Multiple · Database Searching Models and Domains] #12;2 Sequence Analysis - Comparison - · What is "comparison"? ­ A Biological question? ­ A String Matching Problem? Answer: Both · Alignment of 2 sequences: ­ Assumes the 2 sequences

Casavant, Tom

414

Sequence Analysis Outline Comparison  

E-print Network

1 1 Sequence Analysis Outline · Comparison · Alignment ­ Pairwise and Multiple · Database Searching Models and Domains] 2 Sequence Analysis - Comparison - · What is "comparison"? ­ A Biological question? ­ A String Matching Problem? Answer: Both · Alignment of 2 sequences: ­ Assumes the 2 sequences

Casavant, Tom

415

Canonical information analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Canonical correlation analysis is an established multivariate statistical method in which correlation between linear combinations of multivariate sets of variables is maximized. In canonical information analysis introduced here, linear correlation as a measure of association between variables is replaced by the information theoretical, entropy based measure mutual information, which is a much more general measure of association. We make canonical information analysis feasible for large sample problems, including for example multispectral images, due to the use of a fast kernel density estimator for entropy estimation. Canonical information analysis is applied successfully to (1) simple simulated data to illustrate the basic idea and evaluate performance, (2) fusion of weather radar and optical geostationary satellite data in a situation with heavy precipitation, and (3) change detection in optical airborne data. The simulation study shows that canonical information analysis is as accurate as and much faster than algorithms presented in previous work, especially for large sample sizes. URL:

Vestergaard, Jacob Schack; Nielsen, Allan Aasbjerg

2015-03-01

416

IAC - INTEGRATED ANALYSIS CAPABILITY  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the Integrated Analysis Capability (IAC) system is to provide a highly effective, interactive analysis tool for the integrated design of large structures. With the goal of supporting the unique needs of engineering analysis groups concerned with interdisciplinary problems, IAC was developed to interface programs from the fields of structures, thermodynamics, controls, and system dynamics with an executive system and database to yield a highly efficient multi-disciplinary system. Special attention is given to user requirements such as data handling and on-line assistance with operational features, and the ability to add new modules of the user's choice at a future date. IAC contains an executive system, a data base, general utilities, interfaces to various engineering programs, and a framework for building interfaces to other programs. IAC has shown itself to be effective in automatic data transfer among analysis programs. IAC 2.5, designed to be compatible as far as possible with Level 1.5, contains a major upgrade in executive and database management system capabilities, and includes interfaces to enable thermal, structures, optics, and control interaction dynamics analysis. The IAC system architecture is modular in design. 1) The executive module contains an input command processor, an extensive data management system, and driver code to execute the application modules. 2) Technical modules provide standalone computational capability as well as support for various solution paths or coupled analyses. 3) Graphics and model generation interfaces are supplied for building and viewing models. Advanced graphics capabilities are provided within particular analysis modules such as INCA and NASTRAN. 4) Interface modules provide for the required data flow between IAC and other modules. 5) User modules can be arbitrary executable programs or JCL procedures with no pre-defined relationship to IAC. 6) Special purpose modules are included, such as MIMIC (Model Integration via Mesh Interpolation Coefficients), which transforms field values from one model to another; LINK, which simplifies incorporation of user specific modules into IAC modules; and DATAPAC, the National Bureau of Standards statistical analysis package. The IAC database contains structured files which provide a common basis for communication between modules and the executive system, and can contain unstructured files such as NASTRAN checkpoint files, DISCOS plot files, object code, etc. The user can define groups of data and relations between them. A full data manipulation and query system operates with the database. The current interface modules comprise five groups: 1) Structural analysis - IAC contains a NASTRAN interface for standalone analysis or certain structural/control/thermal combinations. IAC provides enhanced structural capabilities for normal modes and static deformation analysis via special DMAP sequences. IAC 2.5 contains several specialized interfaces from NASTRAN in support of multidisciplinary analysis. 2) Thermal analysis - IAC supports finite element and finite difference techniques for steady state or transient analysis. There are interfaces for the NASTRAN thermal analyzer, SINDA/SINFLO, and TRASYS II. FEMNET, which converts finite element structural analysis models to finite difference thermal analysis models, is also interfaced with the IAC database. 3) System dynamics - The DISCOS simulation program which allows for either nonlinear time domain analysis or linear frequency domain analysis, is fully interfaced to the IAC database management capability. 4) Control analysis - Interfaces for the ORACLS, SAMSAN, NBOD2, and INCA programs allow a wide range of control system analyses and synthesis techniques. Level 2.5 includes EIGEN, which provides tools for large order system eigenanalysis, and BOPACE, which allows for geometric capabilities and finite element analysis with nonlinear material. Also included in IAC level 2.5 is SAMSAN 3.1, an engineering analysis program which contains a general purpose library of over 600 subroutin

Frisch, H. P.

1994-01-01

417

Particle Analysis Pitfalls  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the use of particle analysis to assist in preparing for the 4th Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Servicing mission. During this mission the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) will be repaired. The particle analysis consisted of Finite element mesh creation, Black-body viewfactors generated using I-DEAS TMG Thermal Analysis, Grey-body viewfactors calculated using Markov method, Particle distribution modeled using an iterative Monte Carlo process, (time-consuming); in house software called MASTRAM, Differential analysis performed in Excel, and Visualization provided by Tecplot and I-DEAS. Several tests were performed and are reviewed: Conformal Coat Particle Study, Card Extraction Study, Cover Fastener Removal Particle Generation Study, and E-Graf Vibration Particulate Study. The lessons learned during this analysis are also reviewed.

Hughes, David; Dazzo, Tony

2007-01-01

418

Test Analysis Guidelines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of analysis guidelines for Exploration Life Support (ELS) technology tests was completed. The guidelines were developed based on analysis experiences gained from supporting Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) technology development in air revitalization systems and water recovery systems. Analyses are vital during all three phases of the ELS technology test: pre-test, during test and post test. Pre-test analyses of a test system help define hardware components, predict system and component performances, required test duration, sampling frequencies of operation parameters, etc. Analyses conducted during tests could verify the consistency of all the measurements and the performance of the test system. Post test analyses are an essential part of the test task. Results of post test analyses are an important factor in judging whether the technology development is a successful one. In addition, development of a rigorous model for a test system is an important objective of any new technology development. Test data analyses, especially post test data analyses, serve to verify the model. Test analyses have supported development of many ECLSS technologies. Some test analysis tasks in ECLSS technology development are listed in the Appendix. To have effective analysis support for ECLSS technology tests, analysis guidelines would be a useful tool. These test guidelines were developed based on experiences gained through previous analysis support of various ECLSS technology tests. A comment on analysis from an experienced NASA ECLSS manager (1) follows: "Bad analysis was one that bent the test to prove that the analysis was right to begin with. Good analysis was one that directed where the testing should go and also bridged the gap between the reality of the test facility and what was expected on orbit."

Jeng, Frank F.

2007-01-01

419

Multivariate analysis methods for spectroscopic blood analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Blood tests are an essential tool in clinical medicine with the ability diagnosis or monitor various diseases and conditions; however, the complexities of these measurements currently restrict them to a laboratory setting. P&P Optica has developed and currently produces patented high performance spectrometers and is developing a spectrometer-based system for rapid reagent-free blood analysis. An important aspect of this analysis is the need to extract the analyte specific information from the measured signal such that the analyte concentrations can be determined. To this end, advanced chemometric methods are currently being investigated and have been tested using simulated spectra. A blood plasma model was used to generate Raman, near infrared, and optical rotatory dispersion spectra with glucose as the target analyte. The potential of combined chemometric techniques, where multiple spectroscopy modalities are used in a single regression model to improve the prediction ability was investigated using unfold partial least squares and multiblock partial least squares. Results show improvement in the predictions of glucose levels using the combined methods and demonstrate potential for multiblock chemometrics in spectroscopic blood analysis.

Wood, Michael F. G.; Rohani, Arash; Ghazalah, Rashid; Vitkin, I. Alex; Pawluczyk, Romuald

2012-01-01

420

Asymptotic modal analysis and statistical energy analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) is defined by considering the asymptotic limit of Classical Modal Analysis, an approach called Asymptotic Modal Analysis (AMA). The general approach is described for both structural and acoustical systems. The theoretical foundation is presented for structural systems, and experimental verification is presented for a structural plate responding to a random force. Work accomplished subsequent to the grant initiation focusses on the acoustic response of an interior cavity (i.e., an aircraft or spacecraft fuselage) with a portion of the wall vibrating in a large number of structural modes. First results were presented at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting in December, 1987, and accepted for publication in the Journal of Vibration, Acoustics, Stress and Reliability in Design. It is shown that asymptotically as the number of acoustic modes excited becomes large, the pressure level in the cavity becomes uniform except at the cavity boundaries. However, the mean square pressure at the cavity corner, edge and wall is, respectively, 8, 4, and 2 times the value in the cavity interior. Also it is shown that when the portion of the wall which is vibrating is near a cavity corner or edge, the response is significantly higher.

Dowell, Earl H.

1988-01-01

421

Asymptotic modal analysis and statistical energy analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) is defined by considering the asymptotic limit of Classical Modal Analysis, an approach called Asymptotic Modal Analysis (AMA). The general approach is described for both structural and acoustical systems. The theoretical foundation is presented for structural systems, and experimental verification is presented for a structural plate responding to a random force. Work accomplished subsequent to the grant initiation focusses on the acoustic response of an interior cavity (i.e., an aircraft or spacecraft fuselage) with a portion of the wall vibrating in a large number of structural modes. First results were presented at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting in December, 1987, and accepted for publication in the Journal of Vibration, Acoustics, Stress and Reliability in Design. It is shown that asymptotically as the number of acoustic modes excited becomes large, the pressure level in the cavity becomes uniform except at the cavity boundaries. However, the mean square pressure at the cavity corner, edge and wall is, respectively, 8, 4, and 2 times the value in the cavity interior. Also it is shown that when the portion of the wall which is vibrating is near a cavity corner or edge, the response is significantly higher.

Dowell, Earl H.

1988-07-01

422

NASA Enterprise Visual Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Enterprise Visual Analysis (NEVA) is a computer program undergoing development as a successor to Launch Services Analysis Tool (LSAT), formerly known as Payload Carrier Analysis Tool (PCAT). NEVA facilitates analyses of proposed configurations of payloads and packing fixtures (e.g. pallets) in a space shuttle payload bay for transport to the International Space Station. NEVA reduces the need to use physical models, mockups, and full-scale ground support equipment in performing such analyses. Using NEVA, one can take account of such diverse considerations as those of weight distribution, geometry, collision avoidance, power requirements, thermal loads, and mechanical loads.

Lopez-Tellado, Maria; DiSanto, Brenda; Humeniuk, Robert; Bard, Richard, Jr.; Little, Mia; Edwards, Robert; Ma, Tien-Chi; Hollifield, Kenneith; White, Chuck

2007-01-01

423

Simple Interactive Statistical Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Simple Interactive Statistical Analysis (SISA), designed by a research consultant in the Netherlands, "allows you to do statistical analysis directly on the Internet." The program will calculate a variety of statistical procedures, including T-Tests, Poisson Distributions, and other calculations. The ability to perform analysis online provides users an opportunity to assess the software, which is also for sale. The Guide to Procedures provides helpful explanations of the different statistical procedures and guidelines for deciding on the appropriate procedure and filling out the calculation form. Numerous spreadsheets are also available to download.

424

Attached sunspace design analysis  

SciTech Connect

An introduction to new design analysis information for attached sunspaces is presented. The 28 sunspace reference designs are described. Note is taken of those designs (the semi-enclosed geometries) analyzed more recently than the previously published reports. The role of sensitivity studies is discussed, and some sample plots of sunspace performance sensitivity to key design parameters are presented. The monthly solar load ratio (SLR) correlations are reviewed with emphasis on the modified SLR used in the sunspace analysis. The application of the sunspace SLR correlations to monthly design analysis is outlined.

Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.

1981-01-01

425

Factor Analysis and Counseling Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics discussed include factor analysis versus cluster analysis, analysis of Q correlation matrices, ipsativity and factor analysis, and tests for the significance of a correlation matrix prior to application of factor analytic techniques. Techniques for factor extraction discussed include principal components, canonical factor analysis, alpha…

Weiss, David J.

1970-01-01

426

Reversing the discourse of sexology: Margaret Higgins Sanger's what every girl should know  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay offers an analysis of the interplay between the writings of the “father of sexology,” Henry Havelock Ellis, and the leader of the birth control movement in the United States, Margaret Higgins Sanger. Utilizing the theories of Foucault and Burke, the author argues that Sanger engages in the process of “reverse discourse,” appropriating language that initially functioned to maintain

Sara Hayden

1999-01-01

427

Learning about Workplace Learning and Expertise from Jack: A Discourse Analytic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight some methodological problems concerning the neglect of participants' voices by workplace ethnographers and neglect of the highly interactional and co-constructive nature of research interviewing. The study aims to use discourse analysis, to show the phenomena of workplace learning and expertise to…

Lee, Yew-Jin; Roth, Wolff-Michael

2006-01-01

428

Classroom Discourse in Problem-Based Learning Classrooms in the Health Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom discourse analysis has contributed to understandings of the nature of student-teacher interactions, and how learning takes place in the classroom; however, much of this work has been undertaken in teacher-directed learning contexts. Student-centred classrooms such as problem-based learning (PBL) approaches are increasingly common in…

Woodward-Kron, Robyn; Remedios, Louisa

2007-01-01

429

Who is We?: Constructing Communities in US-Mexico Border Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to describe how a speaker in a bilingual, binational communicative event uses deictic expressions to index and build social relationships. After a short review of related theoretical issues a description of the communicative event is provided as well as a description of the sociopolitical and geographical contexts for the discourse. An analysis is then

Donna M. Johnson

1994-01-01

430

Discourse Genre and Linguistic Mode: Interpreter Influences in Visual and Tactile Interpreted Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors investigate visual and tactile ASL-English interpreters' influences on interactive discourse through an interactional sociolinguistic analysis of videotaped, interpreted interactions. They examine the participation framework of each of the interactions to determine whether the interpreters' utterances influence the…

Metzger, Melanie; Fleetwood, Earl; Collins, Steven D.

2004-01-01

431

Manifestations of Neoliberal Discourses within a Local Job-Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of conducting this study was to understand how neoliberal discourses manifest within the local context of a short-term, job-training program offered at a two-year college in the USA. Ethnographic data were collected at the local site through interviews, observations and document analysis. We then situated these data within a global…

Ayers, David Franklin; Carlone, David

2007-01-01

432

Negotiating knowledge contribution to multiple discourse communities: A doctoral student of computer science writing for publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the rich literature on disciplinary knowledge construction and multilingual scholars’ academic literacy practices, little is known about how novice scholars are engaged in knowledge construction in negotiation with various target discourse communities. In this case study, with a focused analysis of a Chinese computer science doctoral student's alternate forms of one paper, i.e., its Chinese version aimed at publication

Yongyan Li

2006-01-01

433

Negotiating Knowledge Contribution to Multiple Discourse Communities: A Doctoral Student of Computer Science Writing for Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the rich literature on disciplinary knowledge construction and multilingual scholars' academic literacy practices, little is known about how novice scholars are engaged in knowledge construction in negotiation with various target discourse communities. In this case study, with a focused analysis of a Chinese computer science doctoral…

Li, Yongyan

2006-01-01

434

Discourses of Experience: The Disciplining of Identities and Practices in Student Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to understand how ideas about teaching and learning to teach are structured and regulated in the student teaching component in university teacher education, and how these ideas are linked to the constructed identities of the student--and the collaborating teacher. I use critical discourse analysis to unpack the everyday…

Sanyal Tudela, Anita

2014-01-01

435

“The World's Local Bank”: Glocalisation as a Strategy in Corporate Branding Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at how HSBC banking group represent themselves in their externally oriented discourse as a brand combining the global and the local. Drawing on a variety of samples such as history brochures, advertisements and websites, the study combines quantitative and qualitative methods in its analysis of how visual and linguistic elements function to construct the HSBC brand. It

Veronika Koller

2007-01-01

436

Marginalizing Merit?: Gender Differences in Black Faculty D/discourses on Tenure, Advancement, and Professional Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little work has addressed the ways in which race and gender intersect and shape Black professors' experiences as they seek professional advancement. Framed by critical race theory, this qualitative study uses discourse analysis to analyze the narratives of 28 Black professors employed at two research universities. Findings suggest that…

Griffin, Kimberly A.; Bennett, Jessica C.; Harris, Jessica

2013-01-01

437

Learning from the Outsider Within: Five Women's Discourses within the Culture of the High School Principal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The methods of resistance and acceptance used by five female high school principals in negotiating within the predominantly male principalship culture are examined in this paper. Data were derived from analysis of the women's discourse. The paper examines cultural assumptions of feminine and masculine and critiques the positivist approaches to…

Hargreaves, Beth

438

Mapping Discourses in Teachers' Talk about Using Digital Texts in Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many accounts explaining teachers' lack of engagement with new technologies in their classrooms engage with discourses that blame their lack of time, expertise, or enthusiasm. In this paper I offer an alternative reading that provides a more agentic explanation. A rhizotextual analysis is undertaken that reveals the connections between teachers'…

Honan, Eileen

2010-01-01

439

“Ragged urchins play on marquetry floors”: The discourse of filtering is reconstructed, 1920s–1950s  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of filtering has played a key role in our understanding of housing markets and in framing federal policy. The origins of the idea, however, and of the term itself, are poorly understood. Drawing loosely on the approach of discourse analysis, this article clarifies both issues, arguing that language shapes how we think about housing policy, and indeed policy

Richard Harris

2012-01-01

440

"Behind the Doors of Learning": The Transmission of Racist and Sexist Discourses in a History Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now that the doors of historically white schools have officially been opened to Black learners, this paper presents a critical analysis of discourses of domination transmitted behind the doors of learning in a History classroom. While the official History curriculum (NCS, 2002) advocates multi-perspectival epistemological approaches, this paper…

Wilmot, Mark; Naidoo, Devika

2011-01-01

441

From politeness to discourse marking: The process of pragmaticalization of muy bien in vernacular Spanish  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a conversation analysis approach is adopted as the basis for a qualitative study of the adverbial phrase muy bien, which is widely employed in evaluative and polite contexts in standard Spanish. The study shows how this expression has expanded its range of functions to act as a discourse marker in the vernacular Spanish of Castellón (Spain). In

José Luis Blas Arroyo

2011-01-01

442

Co-occurrence of discourse markers in Catalan and Spanish oral narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of oral narratives in Catalan and Spanish highlights the frequency, variety and importance of co-occurring discourse markers. A detailed study of the formal aspects of co-occurrences leads to differentiating three degrees of integration of markers: juxtaposition, addition and composition. These types can be related to dominant category patterns, positions in the narrative and also functional domains (namely, propositional,

Maria-Josep Cuenca; Maria-Josep Marín

2009-01-01

443

Verás in Peninsular Spanish as a grammaticalized discourse marker invoking positive and negative politeness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of verás ‘you’ll see’ as a discourse marker in contexts in which it serves an interactional\\/interpersonal purpose. The study shows that speakers may employ the Future of the perception verb ver ‘see’ in order to convey their attitude towards interlocutors, invoking both ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ politeness. Data analysis indicates that verás can be considered a

Marianna Chodorowska-Pilch

2008-01-01

444

Using Synchronous Online Peer Response Groups in EFL Writing: Revision-Related Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, synchronous online peer response groups have been increasingly used in English as a foreign language (EFL) writing. This article describes a study of synchronous online interaction among three small peer groups in a Taiwanese undergraduate EFL writing class. An environmental analysis of students' online discourse in two writing…

Liang, Mei-Ya

2010-01-01

445

Words Matter: The Role of Discourse in Creating, Sustaining, and Changing School Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This three-year ethnographic study analyzes the ways in which "toxic" school culture was produced through interactions among staff members at Centerville High School, an under-resourced high school where I conducted fieldwork from 2004-2007. Using discourse analysis, I examine adults' competing beliefs about low-income and minority students, and I…

Buehler, Jennifer Lyn

2009-01-01

446

How Faculty Identity Discourses of Community College Part-Time Faculty Change over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on previous research (Thirolf, 2012), this longitudinal qualitative study uses positioning theory (Harre & van Lagenhove, 1999) and discourse analysis methods (Gee, 2011; Johnstone, 2007) to closely examine the faculty identities of three community college adjuncts who teach in the humanities. Results reveal that these adjuncts initially…

Thirolf, Kathryn Q.

2013-01-01

447

Understanding and Exercising One's Own Grammar: Four Applications of Linguistic and Discourse Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, five researchers, who are also English educators, describe the research they have crafted to improve the quality of classroom literacy education. They begin by describing their common perspective afforded by linguistics, discourse analysis and related social theory. Their framework and studies describe their action-oriented…

Rex, Lesley; Brown, David West; Denstaedt, Linda; Haniford, Laura; Schiller, Laura

2005-01-01

448

Governmentality in Environmental Education Policy Discourses: A Qualitative Study of Teachers in Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International environmental education policy discourses have influenced policy construction in Botswana and how teachers conduct themselves and teaching in environmental learning. The researcher uses Foucault's notion of governmentality to understand the effects of power/knowledge relations in policy. The analysis is taken further through a…

Ketlhoilwe, M. J.

2013-01-01

449

Finding Inquiry in Discourses of Audit and Reform in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the discourses of Primary school numeracy coordinators responsible for auditing, monitoring and supporting their colleagues in relation to the introduction and embedding of the National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) in the UK. Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) focuses our analysis on the contradictory coupling of…

Williams, Julian; Corbin, Brian; McNamara, Olwen

2007-01-01

450

The West, the rest, and the ‘war on terror’: representation of Muslims in neoconservative media discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses Sayyid's concept of Eurocentrism to analyse neoconservative media discourse following the September 11 attacks. Using predicate analysis on articles from The Weekly Standard magazine, this study aims to determine how neoconservative writers created a Muslim subjectivity following the attacks in order to make certain courses of action appear necessary and inevitable. Four subject positions emerged from the

George Kassimeris; Leonie Jackson

2011-01-01

451

"Consider with Whom You Are Working": Discourse Models of School Librarianship in Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of why school librarians still struggle to fully enact the roles defined in "Information Power" and "Empowering Learners" may be viewed as a struggle to gain recognition from others that this is what a "real school librarian" does. Discourse Analysis offers school library research a new theoretical and analytical tool to explore how…

Kimmel, Sue C.

2011-01-01

452

When Worldviews Collide: What Linguistic Style Matching and Distal Language Reveal about Deception in Political Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political discourse is an observable, measurable, and testable manifestation of political worldviews. However, when worldviews collide, notions of truth and of lies are put to the test. The challenge for researchers is how to establish confidence in their analysis. Despite the growing interest in deception research from a diversity of fields and…

Booker, Lucille M.

2012-01-01

453

Damsels in Discourse: Girls Consuming and Producing Identity Texts through Disney Princess Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon theories that reconceptualize toys and artifacts as identity texts, this study employs mediated discourse analysis to examine children's videotaped writing and play interactions with princess dolls and stories in one kindergarten classroom. The study reported here is part of a three-year ethnographic study of literacy play in U.S.…

Wohlwend, Karen E.

2009-01-01

454

A Critical Look at the Discourse of Popular Television: The Case of "Friends"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following study explored the structures and themes found in a few episodes of a popular TV sitcom ("Friends"). Drawing on James Gee's ideas about critical discourse analysis as the main analytical lens for this study, this study discussed the language found in a sitcom and analyzed the complexity of structures and vocabulary in the…

Mora, Raul A.

2006-01-01

455

Cheating Literacy: The Limitations of Simulated Classroom Discourse in Educational Software for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a multimodal discourse analysis of children using "drill-and-practice" literacy software at a primary school in the Western Cape, South Africa. The children's interactions with the software are analysed. The software has serious limitations which arise from the global political economy of the educational software industry. The…

Walton, Marion

2007-01-01

456

Client Discourses on the Process of Seeking Same-Sex Couple Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How same-sex couples manage the process of seeking help for their relationships is an under-researched area. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 people who had engaged in same-sex couple counselling, and were analysed using discourse analysis. The ways in which the couples positioned themselves as part of a "minority…

Grove, Jan; Peel, Elizabeth; Owen-Pugh, Valerie

2013-01-01

457

Friendly Fire: War-Normalizing Metaphors in the Israeli Political Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combining principles of peace education and political discourse analysis, this study dwells on one powerful metaphorical mechanism engaged in by Israeli political leaders: war-normalizing metaphors, a mechanism for framing war as part of human nature and normal life. Six core semantic fields were identified as particularly useful "raw material" in…

Gavriely-Nuri, Dalia

2009-01-01

458

Producing Global Citizens for the Future: Space, Discourse and Curricular Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article inquires into discourses of globalisation as they are put to use to accelerate higher education's seemingly ready acquiescence to the demands of the market. We maintain that globalisation operates as a way to reason about space that produces images and narratives of universities, knowledge and students. We focus our analysis on…

Matus, Claudia; Talburt, Susan

2015-01-01

459

Language and the Facilitation of Authority: The Discourse of Noam Chomsky (Reader Response).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies discourse analysis to an interview with Noam Chomsky to show the use of language to facilitate authority. Discusses idealism and scientism, change and the role of the intellectual, Chomsky's dualism, his "problem," his method, creativity and composition, activism and the intellectual, and the future of intellectualism. (PRA)

Beaugrande, Robert de

1991-01-01

460

Pedagogical Discourses of Gender, Peace, and Equality: Jane Addams Children's Book Awards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a feminist critical discourse analysis research project of award-winning books of the Jane Addams Peace Association. Children's books carry societal messages that are gendered, raced, and classed, with award-winning books carrying an additional message of exceptionality as they are viewed as deserving of attention.…

Taber, Nancy

2015-01-01

461

Interactive Micro-Processes in Classroom Discourse: Turning Points and Emergent Meanings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a qualitative analysis of classroom discourse in Italian primary schools, this paper analyses the micro-processes that are emergent moment-by-moment in the unfolding interactions between teacher and pupils. More in particular, our purpose is to identify the conditions under which the interactive orientation of a sequence changes. We argue…

Mameli, Consuelo; Molinari, Luisa

2013-01-01

462

Modeling Narrative Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis describes new approaches to the formal modeling of narrative discourse. Although narratives of all kinds are ubiquitous in daily life, contemporary text processing techniques typically do not leverage the aspects that separate narrative from expository discourse. We describe two approaches to the problem. The first approach considers…

Elson, David K.

2012-01-01

463

Quantitative Discourse Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines quantitative-discourse psychology. Illustrates its practice in five research projects, all of which examined naturalistic discourse, investigating: reading time; inference generation; construction of multiple agents (narrators, characters) in literary short stories; tutorial dialog; and dialog patterns in two-party conversations. Notes a…

Graesser, Arthur C.; Swamer, Shane S.; Hu, Xiangen

1997-01-01

464

Representing discourse in context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives a survey of Discourse Representation Theory (DRT), including recent developments, and with an emphasis on logical issues. Discourse representation structures are defined, and various prespectives on their static and dynamic meaning are discussed. This discussion leads to the study of the process of merging representation structures, a process which can be viewed as a strategy for memory

Eijck van D. J. N; H. Kamp

1996-01-01

465

Representing Discourse in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives a survey of Discourse Representation Theory (DRT), including recent developments, andwith an emphasis on logical issues. Discourse representation structures are defined, and various prespectives ontheir static and dynamic meaning are discussed. This discussion leads to the study of the process of mergingrepresentation structures, a process which can be viewed as a strategy for memory management. Next, atoy

Hans Kamp

1997-01-01

466

Cell Surface Analysis  

Cancer.gov

Posted: September 22, 2014 Posted: September 22, 2014 Cell Surface Analysis Cell Surface Markers Group Protein drugs (such as antibodies) are among the most effective anticancer treatments. Scientists in the RAS Initiative are using a combination

467

Benchmarking and Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Benchmarking and Data Analysis Kellie Williams | Houston ISD ESL-KT-14-11-14 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Benchmarking ? Process of comparing data sets ? Baselines, Goals, KPIs ? Energy Star...

Williams, K.

2014-01-01

468

Exposure Analysis Modeling System  

EPA Science Inventory

The Exposure Analysis Modeling System (EXAMS) is an interactive software application for formulating aquatic ecosystem models and evaluating the fate, transport, and exposure concentrations of synthetic organic chemicals including pesticides, industrial materials, and leachates f...

469

Countercontrol in behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

Countercontrol is a functional class of behavior that is part of Skinner's analysis of social behavior. Countercontrol refers to behavioral episodes comprised of socially mediated aversive controlling conditions and escape or avoidance responses that do not reinforce, and perhaps even punish, controllers' responses. This paper suggests that neglect of countercontrol in modern behavior analysis is unfortunate because the concept applies to interpersonal and social relations the fundamental operant principle that human behavior is both controlled and controlling—humans are not passive and inflexible. Countercontrol is addressed here in terms of conceptual status, contemporary developments in behavior analysis, its importance in a behavior-analytic approach to freedom and cultural design, applications, and research. The main conclusion is that Skinner's formulation of counter-control is scientifically supported and worthy of increased prominence in behavior analysis. PMID:22478386

Delprato, Dennis J.

2002-01-01

470

Pitfalls of Data Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article addresses things that people often overlook in their data analysis, ways people sometimes "bend the rules" of statistics to support their viewpoint, and how individuals can make their own statistics clear and accurate.

Clay Helberg (University of Wisconsin Schools of Nursing and Medicine)

1995-06-05

471

Analysis of Synthetic Polymers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews techniques for the characterization and analysis of synthetic polymers, copolymers, and blends. Includes techniques for structure determination, separation, and quantitation of additives and residual monomers; determination of molecular weight; and the study of thermal properties including degradation mechanisms. (MVL)

Smith, Charles G.; And Others

1989-01-01

472

K Basins hazard analysis  

SciTech Connect

The 105-K East (KE) and 105-K West (KW) Basins in the 100 K Area of the Hanford Site have been used for storage of irradiated N Reactor and single-pass reactor fuel. Remaining spent fuel is continuing to be stored underwater in racks and canisters in the basins while fuel retrieval activities proceed to remove the fuel from the basins. The Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project is adding equipment to the facility in preparation for removing the fuel and sludge from the basins. In preparing this hazard analysis, a variety of hazard analysis techniques were used by the K Basins hazard analysis teams, including hazard and operability studies, preliminary hazard analyses, and ''what if'' analyses. This document summarizes the hazard analyses performed as part of the safety evaluations for the various modification projects and combines them with the original hazard analyses to create a living hazard analysis document.

MCCALL, T.B.

2002-10-09

473

K Basin Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The 105-K East (KE) and 105-K West (KW) Basins in the 100 K Area of the Hanford Site have been used for storage of irradiated N Reactor and single-pass reactor fuel. Remaining spent fuel is continuing to be stored underwater in racks and canisters in the basins while fuel retrieval activities proceed to remove the fuel from the basins. The Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project is adding equipment to the facility in preparation for removing the fuel and sludge from the basins. In preparing this hazard analysis, a variety of hazard analysis techniques were used by the K Basins hazard analysis teams, including hazard and operability studies, preliminary hazard analyses, and ''what if'' analyses. This document summarizes the hazard analyses performed as part of the safety evaluations for the various modification projects and combines them with the original hazard analyses to create a living hazard analysis document.

MCCALL, T.B.

2002-03-21

474

Fluid Inclusion Gas Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Fluid inclusion gas analysis for wells in various geothermal areas. Analyses used in developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy for wells and defining fluids across the geothermal fields. Each sample has mass spectrum counts for 180 chemical species.

Dilley, Lorie

2013-01-01

475

Fluid Inclusion Gas Analysis  

DOE Data Explorer

Fluid inclusion gas analysis for wells in various geothermal areas. Analyses used in developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy for wells and defining fluids across the geothermal fields. Each sample has mass spectrum counts for 180 chemical species.

Dilley, Lorie

476

DISCUSS: Critical Path Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module, by Barrie Baker and Neville Hunt of Coventry University, introduces critical path analysis and addresses the following topics: Networks, Critical paths, Floats, Activity-on-node (AON) networks. Excel spreadsheets are used to provide examples and exercises.

Baker, Barrie

477

Energy Sector Market Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of energy market analysis sponsored by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Weatherization and International Program (WIP) within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The analysis was conducted by a team of DOE laboratory experts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with additional input from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The analysis was structured to identify those markets and niches where government can create the biggest impact by informing management decisions in the private and public sectors. The analysis identifies those markets and niches where opportunities exist for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

Arent, D.; Benioff, R.; Mosey, G.; Bird, L.; Brown, J.; Brown, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Aabakken, J.; Parks, K.; Lapsa, M.; Davis, S.; Olszewski, M.; Cox, D.; McElhaney, K.; Hadley, S.; Hostick, D.; Nicholls, A.; McDonald, S.; Holloman, B.

2006-10-01

478

Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA)  

E-print Network

the literature: Using FCA Typing of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Clinical Strains by Using Microsatellite Sequence compared to S. boulardii reference strains ·Data: 5 microsatellite sequences from 77 strains ·Analysis: FCA

Ernest, Holly

479

Shortcuts to Financial Analysis  

E-print Network

SHORTCUTS TO FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Robert J. Larson MONSANTO COMPANY St. Louis, Missouri Energy conservation projects are not "by definition" attractive business ventures. They usual~y I require capital investment for implementation. Therefore...

Larson, R. J.

480

Hyperspectral Image Analysis Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information on imaging spectrometry is given in the forms of outlines, graphs, and charts. Topics covered include impacts on science users, program objectives, expert systems for imaging spectrometry, and imaging spectrometer data analysis methods.

1985-01-01

481

Nonlinear Structural Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nonlinear structural analysis techniques for engine structures and components are addressed. The finite element method and boundary element method are discussed in terms of stress and structural analyses of shells, plates, and laminates.

1984-01-01

482

Introduction: Regional Landform Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is chapter one of an on-line NASA book, Geomorphology from Space - A General Overview of Regional Landforms. It is divided into four sections and a conclusion. The first section, The Nature of Geomorphology, starts with the definition and continues with a description of the scales involved, fundamental concepts and the role of geomorphic studies. Types of Geomorphic Analysis is the title for the second section and it includes process studies and system analysis, climate geomorphology, and structural geomorphology. In the third section, after some remarks about quantification, maps and photographs are used to augment the demonstration of the role of space technology in large scale analysis and mapping. Prior to the conclusion there is a discussion of future directions, which includes global tectonic and climatic systems, analysis of ancient landscapes, and planetary geomorphology. The conclusion is followed by four plates including photographs, maps, and text that demonstrate the techniques described.

483

OAO battery data analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Summary, consolidation and analysis of specifications, manufacturing process and test controls, and performance results for OAO-2 and OAO-3 lot 20 Amp-Hr sealed nickel cadmium cells and batteries are reported. Correlation of improvements in control requirements with performance is a key feature. Updates for a cell/battery computer model to improve performance prediction capability are included. Applicability of regression analysis computer techniques to relate process controls to performance is checked.

Gaston, S.; Wertheim, M.; Orourke, J. A.

1973-01-01

484

Anhedonia: A Concept Analysis  

PubMed Central

Anhedonia presents itself in a myriad of disease processes. To further develop our understanding of anhedonia and effective ways to manage it, the concept requires clear boundaries. This paper critically examined the current scientific literature and conducted a concept analysis of anhedonia to provide a more accurate and lucid understanding the concept. As part of the concept analysis, this paper also provides model, borderline, related, and contrary examples of anhedonia. PMID:23706888

Ho, Nancy; Sommers, Marilyn

2013-01-01

485

Genome Data Analysis Centers  

Cancer.gov

The use of novel technologies, the need to integrate different data types and the immense quantity of data generated by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network has led to an expansion of the TCGA Research Network to include new centers devoted to data analysis. The Genome Data Analysis Centers (GDACs) work hand-in-hand with the Genome Characterization Centers (GCCs) to develop state-of-the-art tools that assist researchers with processing and integrating data analyses across the entire genome.

486

Modular kinetic analysis.  

PubMed

Modularization is an important strategy to tackle the study of complex biological systems. Modular kinetic analysis (MKA) is a quantitative method to extract kinetic information from such a modularized system that can be used to determine the control and regulatory structure of the system, and to pinpoint and quantify the interaction of effectors with the system. The principles of the method are described, and the relation with metabolic control analysis is discussed. Examples of application of MKA are given. PMID:21943914

Krab, Klaas

2011-01-01

487

ESF BLAST DESIGN ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose and objective of this design analysis are to develop controls considered necessary and sufficient to implement the requirements for the controlled drilling and blasting excavation of operations support alcoves and test support alcoves in the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF). The conclusions reached in this analysis will flow down into a construction specification ensuring controlled drilling and blasting excavation will be performed within the bounds established here.

E.F. fitch

1995-03-13

488

Interactive Real Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interactive Real Analysis is an online, interactive textbook for Real Analysis or Advanced Calculus in one real variable. Organized into the topics of sets and relations, infinity and induction, sequences of numbers, topology, continuity and differentiation, the integral (Riemann and Lebesgue), sequences of functions, and metric spaces. Features Java tools Function Plotter, Continuity Checker, Root Finder, Family Plotter, and Derivative Checker. Also includes a glossary of calculus terms and biographies, with definitions, theorems, and problems.

Wachsmuth, Bert G.

489

Cogeneration Project Analysis Update  

E-print Network

diverse factors, such as, but no limited to: Fuel Considerations, Heat System Analysis, Electric Power Considerations, Key Technical Project Considerations, and Economic Analysis. INTRODUCTION The cogeneration systems being developed for industrial... been subdivided to cover five topics: Fuel, Electric Power, Heat Needs, Project & Process Considerations and Economics. A checklist accompanies each topic. Be aware that the common denominator for the various factors will be dollars. A recurring...

Robinson, A. M.; Garcia, L. N.

490

Sand Sieve Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

John R. Anderson of Georgia Perimeter College has authored this lab experiment on grain size sorting in which students learn about performing a sieve analysis of sand and produce various graphs to represent the data collected. Included are equations for making the graphs and basic information on the importance of sieve analysis and the four useful statistical measurements used to make the graphs. This is a great resource to either the creation or enhancement of an instructors curriculum on this topic.

Anderson, John

491

DART system analysis.  

SciTech Connect

The Design-through-Analysis Realization Team (DART) is chartered with reducing the time Sandia analysts require to complete the engineering analysis process. The DART system analysis team studied the engineering analysis processes employed by analysts in Centers 9100 and 8700 at Sandia to identify opportunities for reducing overall design-through-analysis process time. The team created and implemented a rigorous analysis methodology based on a generic process flow model parameterized by information obtained from analysts. They also collected data from analysis department managers to quantify the problem type and complexity distribution throughout Sandia's analyst community. They then used this information to develop a community model, which enables a simple characterization of processes that span the analyst community. The results indicate that equal opportunity for reducing analysis process time is available both by reducing the ''once-through'' time required to complete a process step and by reducing the probability of backward iteration. In addition, reducing the rework fraction (i.e., improving the engineering efficiency of subsequent iterations) offers approximately 40% to 80% of the benefit of reducing the ''once-through'' time or iteration probability, depending upon the process step being considered. Further, the results indicate that geometry manipulation and meshing is the largest portion of an analyst's effort, especially for structural problems, and offers significant opportunity for overall time reduction. Iteration loops initiated late in the process are more costly than others because they increase ''inner loop'' iterations. Identifying and correcting problems as early as possible in the process offers significant opportunity for time savings.

Boggs, Paul T.; Althsuler, Alan (Exagrid Engineering); Larzelere, Alex R. (Exagrid Engineering); Walsh, Edward J.; Clay, Ruuobert L.; Hardwick, Michael F. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2005-08-01

492

Automatic fringe analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To satisfy the requirement for fast, accurate interferometric analytical tools, the Fringe Analysis Workstation (FAW) has been developed to analyze complex fringe image data easily and rapidly. FAW is employed for flow studies in hydrodynamics and aerodynamics experiments, and for target shell characterization in inertial confinement fusion research. Three major components of the FAW system: fringe analysis/image processing, input/output, and visualization/graphical user interface are described.

Chiu, Arnold; Ladewski, Ted; Turney, Jerry

1991-01-01

493

Chernobyl Deconstruction ALARA Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium has recently completed the conceptual design for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement (NSC). Battelle has the scope of work related to environment and safety of the design. As part of the safety analysis, an ALARA analysis was performed for deconstruction of the major, unstable elements of the Shelter Object over the destroyed Unit 4 of the reactor complex. The major elements addressed in the analysis included the current roof sections and the major beams supporting the roof sections. The analysis was based on the existing configuration of the Shelter Object, the developing conceptual design of the NSC arch structure, the developing conceptual design of the facilities within and associated with the NSC (including handling and processing of deconstructed elements, and waste management), and existing Ukranian regulations and working processes and procedures. KSK (a Ukranian Consortium) is a subcontractor to the Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium and performed much of the dose analysis. The analysis concluded that ALARA could be achieved with appropriate implementation of existing Ukrainian regulations and procedures, and developing conceptual design criteria and features.

Shipler, Dillard B.; Batiy, Valeriy; Povlovsky, Leonid; Schmidt, John P.; Schmieman, Eric A.

2004-03-24

494

Distributed analysis in ATLAS  

E-print Network

The ATLAS experiment accumulated more than 140 PB of data during the first run of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The analysis of such an amount of data for the distributed physics community is a challenging task. The Distributed Analysis (DA) system of the ATLAS experiment is an established and stable component of the ATLAS distributed computing operations. About half a million user jobs are daily running on DA resources, submitted by more than 1500 ATLAS physicists. The reliability of the DA system during the first run of the LHC and the following shutdown period has been high thanks to the continuous automatic validation of the distributed analysis sites and the user support provided by a dedicated team of expert shifters. During the LHC shutdown, the ATLAS computing model has undergone several changes to improve the analysis workflows, including the re-design of the production system, a new analysis data format and event model, and the development of common reduction and analysis frameworks. We r...

Dewhurst, Alastair; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01

495

Chandra Analysis with "CIAO"  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CIAO (Chandra Interactive Analysis of Observations) is the name for the suite of tools and applications developed at the CXC for the analysis of data from the Chandra X-Ray Observatory and other missions. We describe some of the uses of CIAO for the analysis of Chandra (and other) data. There are several innovative aspects of CIAO. The user has the choice of a command line or a graphic-oriented approach. the use of the CXC "Data Model" results in: file-format independence: users have the ability of reading and writing files in FITS, QPOE, and IMH format raw and column filtering and binning can be applied to input file for *all* CIAO tools and applications avoiding the need to generate subsidiary data files on disk all filters are recorded in the "data subspace" of output files which is then recognized in the subsequent analysis. CIAO, in its current release, includes several tools both instrument specific (for ACIS, HRC and grating analysis) and for generic data analysis (data manipulation, source detection, transforms & convolutions, response, and timing) and several applications (Prism, Chips, and Sherpa plus Firstlook, ToolAgent and Filter Window in beta version) .

Elvis, Martin

2000-01-01

496

Penetrating a wall of introspection: a critical attrition analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a critical analysis of student discourse on attrition as it unfolds in interviews on early departure from higher education. A synthesis of relevant studies and modelling done in the field shows that essential aspects affecting attrition and retention can be effectively conceptualized and acted upon in terms of the interplay between student and institution. These aspects were used in combination with James Gee's notion of Discourse models to design a unique framing for interpretation of interviews aimed at bringing out new causal dynamics that lie in this interplay. To illustrate this interpretation, Aristotle's notion of four causes is used. The analysis presented is a study of interviews with seven former physics students about their early departure. This framing of the analysis was necessary because the students' description of how they understood their actions did not explicitly reveal interplay between student and institution. These details lay behind a `wall of introspection' that otherwise posed a serious challenge to the use of student testimony as direct means to identify and address issues of early departure. The results are used to discuss research implications.

Johannsen, Bjørn Friis; Rump, Camilla Østerberg; Linder, Cedric

2013-03-01

497

From authoritative discourse to internally persuasive discourse: discursive evolution in teaching and learning the language of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Learning science interpreted in existing theoretical frameworks often means that students are assimilated, accommodated or enculturated from the entity of the vernacular world to the entity of the scientific world. However, there are some unsolved questions as to how students can best learn purely a new language or new knowledge of science. The purpose of this study is to conduct microanalysis of moment-to-moment interactions in order to understand how science language is taught and learned in details. Informed by Bakhtin's dialogism, the analysis indicates that learning science is a process of appropriating authoritative discourse into internally persuasive discourse. Based on our analysis and findings, we propose the framework of discursive evolution to describe the process of teaching and learning the language of science. Four different stages of discursive evolution are identified to demonstrate the discursive changes during the course of science teaching and learning discourse: (a) using deictic references to connect scientific terminologies, (b) understanding science terminologies through its derivatives, (c) communicating science practices conventionally through science terminologies, and (d) communicating science practices innovatively through mutated science terminologies. The findings suggest that science teaching and learning comprise a heterogeneous process which draws on both science and non-science language and is a constantly evolving process. Understanding teaching and learning as a heterogeneous and constantly evolving process allows us to reunite the roles of teachers and students as mutually responsible collaborators rather than science knowledge givers and consumers.

Hsu, Pei-Ling; Roth, Wolff-Michael

2014-09-01

498

People with disabilities and social determinants of health discourses.  

PubMed

Social determinants of health (SDH) are an important public health policy discourse and the concept and scope of SDH is debated within and outside of the public health field. This article concerns itself with the visibility of people with disabilities in existing SDH discourses. It employed a frequency analysis of Google and Google Scholar search hits obtained with the phrase "social determinants of health" in combination with various social groups and looked at the visibility of people with disabilities within key SDH documents, the Millennium Development Goals and some contemporary SDH such as energy, water and climate change security. It found that people with disabilities are much less visible than other social groups despite the major impact SDH have on this population. PMID:21913592

Wolbring, Gregor

2011-01-01

499

Breaking News & Analysis on Food Ingredients SEARCH Search TipsNews & Analysis NEWS & ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

Breaking News & Analysis on Food Ingredients SEARCH Search TipsNews & Analysis NEWS & ANALYSIS Science & Nutrition Financial & Industry Legislation Other Top Industry News PRODUCTS & SERVICES Products & Suppliers Events Market Reports Vitafoods preview 2003 Industry Services NEWS DELIVERY FREE NEWSLETTERS

Suslick, Kenneth S.

500

Neutron multiplicity analysis tool  

SciTech Connect

I describe the capabilities of the EXCOM (EXcel based COincidence and Multiplicity) calculation tool which is used to analyze experimental data or simulated neutron multiplicity data. The input to the program is the count-rate data (including the multiplicity distribution) for a measurement, the isotopic composition of the sample and relevant dates. The program carries out deadtime correction and background subtraction and then performs a number of analyses. These are: passive calibration curve, known alpha and multiplicity analysis. The latter is done with both the point model and with the weighted point model. In the current application EXCOM carries out the rapid analysis of Monte Carlo calculated quantities and allows the user to determine the magnitude of sample perturbations that lead to systematic errors. Neutron multiplicity counting is an assay method used in the analysis of plutonium for safeguards applications. It is widely used in nuclear material accountancy by international (IAEA) and national inspectors. The method uses the measurement of the correlations in a pulse train to extract information on the spontaneous fission rate in the presence of neutrons from ({alpha},n) reactions and induced fission. The measurement is relatively simple to perform and gives results very quickly ({le} 1 hour). By contrast, destructive analysis techniques are extremely costly and time consuming (several days). By improving the achievable accuracy of neutron multiplicity counting, a nondestructive analysis technique, it could be possible to reduce the use of destructive analysis measurements required in safeguards applications. The accuracy of a neutron multiplicity measurement can be affected by a number of variables such as density, isotopic composition, chemical composition and moisture in the material. In order to determine the magnitude of these effects on the measured plutonium mass a calculational tool, EXCOM, has been produced using VBA within Excel. This program was developed to help speed the analysis of Monte Carlo neutron transport simulation (MCNP) data, and only requires the count-rate data to calculate the mass of material using INCC's analysis methods instead of the full neutron multiplicity distribution required to run analysis in INCC. This paper describes what is implemented within EXCOM, including the methods used, how the program corrects for deadtime, and how uncertainty is calculated. This paper also describes how to use EXCOM within Excel.

Stewart, Scott L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01