Note: This page contains sample records for the topic analysis discourse analysis from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some principles of critical discourse analysis, such as the explicit sociopolitical stance of discourse analysts, and a focus on dominance relations by elite groups and institutions as they are being enacted, legitimated or otherwise reproduced by text and talk. One of the crucial elements of this analysis of the relations between power and discourse is the patterns

Teun A. van Dijk

1993-01-01

2

Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The introduction to discourse analysis is intended specifically to inform second language teachers about aspects of discourse analysis that can be helpful in instruction. It presents the principles seen as relevant to the language teaching context and illustrates them with real spoken and written language data. The first chapter gives a…

McCarthy, Michael

3

Discourse Analysis and the Translator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discourse analysis, as an approach to text, provides the teacher, student, and professional translator with resources for achieving objectivity and for making and justifying translation decisions. It offers a strategy for relating the problems and processes and discourse and the specific concerns to the objectives of the translator. It can be…

Lang, Margaret

4

Intertextuality in Critical Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operationalizes the concept of intertextuality by using it to analyze sample texts. Certain dimensions of intertextuality are described that have potential for building a framework for discourse analysis: interdiscursivity, textual transformations, and how texts constitute social identities. (Contains 35 references.) (JP)|

Fairclough, Norman

1992-01-01

5

Using discourse analysis to improve extension practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to create awareness of the potential of discourse analysis to be a valuable contribution to agricultural extension. By way of example, it also reports on the discourses about climate change identified as being present in the Tasmanian agricultural community. The paper outlines the theories of discourse analysis and presents the results from interviews with 63 farmers and

Aysha Fleming; Frank Vanclay

6

An Overview of Discourse Analysis and Its Usefulness in TESOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of discourse analysis from a linguistic point of view, discussing why it is relevant to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). It focuses on the following: discourse and discourse analysis; discourse analysis and TESOL; approaches to discourse analysis; systemic functional linguistics; theme and…

Milne, Geraldine Veronica

7

Methodology in the Analysis of Classroom Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers the ethnography of communication, conversation analysis and systemic functional linguistics as frameworks for the analysis of classroom discourse. Discusses their basic assumptions, some of the similarities and differences between them, and their different strengths and weaknesses as resources for applied linguistic problem solving.…

Roberta, Celia; Rampton, Ben; Leung, Constant; Harris, Roxy

2002-01-01

8

Critical Discourse Analysis and the Marketization of Public Discourse: The Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out the author's view of discourse analysis and illustrates the approach with an analysis of discursive aspects of marketization of public discourse in contemporary Britain, specifically in higher education. It includes a condensed theoretical account of critical discourse analysis, a framework for analysing discursive events, and a discussion of discursive practices (including their marketization) in late capitalist

Norman Fairclough

1993-01-01

9

Greenpeace Greenspeak: A Transcultural Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This cross-cultural discourse analysis examines the construction of environmental issues on Greenpeace web pages in China, Japan and Germany. To uncover the semantic representation of environmental activism on these sites, the authors sought to identify discursive homogeneity and divergence and to bring to light embedded cultural assumptions. The…

Heinz, Bettina; Cheng, Hsin-I; Inuzuka, Ako

2007-01-01

10

Critical Discourse Analysis and Rhetoric and Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the past two decades, critical discourse analysis has emerged as a major new multidisciplinary approach to the study of texts and contexts in the public sphere. Developed in Europe, CDA has lately become increasingly popular in North America, where it is proving especially congenial to new directions in rhetoric and composition. This essay…

Huckin, Thomas; Andrus, Jennifer; Clary-Lemon, Jennifer

2012-01-01

11

Emotional inhibition: a discourse analysis of disclosure.  

PubMed

Evidence generated within the emotional disclosure paradigm (EDP) suggests that talking or writing about emotional experiences produces health benefits, but recent meta-analyses have questioned its efficacy. Studies within the EDP typically rely upon a unidimensional and relatively unsophisticated notion of emotional inhibition, and tend to use quantitative forms of content analysis to identify associations between percentages of word types and positive or negative health outcomes. In this article, we use a case study to show how a qualitative discourse analysis has the potential to identify more of the complexity linking the disclosure practices and styles that may be associated with emotional inhibition. This may illuminate the apparent lack of evidence for efficacy of the EDP by enabling more comprehensive theorisations of the variations within it. PMID:21678182

Ellis, Darren; Cromby, John

2011-07-07

12

The Politics of Historical Discourse Analysis: A Qualitative Research Method?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the ways in which historical discourse analysis is at once different from and similar to research described as qualitative or quantitative. It discusses the consequences of applying the standards of such methods to historical discourse analysis. It is pointed out that although the merit of research using historical…

Johannesson, Ingolfur Asgeir

2010-01-01

13

Self in Career Theory and Counselling: A Discourse Analysis Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rapidly changing postmodern working world demands revised conceptualisations of the self. Recent scholarship in discourse analysis invites an investigation into how selves are constructed and fabricated within a complex matrix of social discourses, and how this may impact on the field of career counselling and development. This paper examines…

Stead, Graham B.; Bakker, Terri M.

2010-01-01

14

A Discourse Analysis of Student Perceptions of Their Communication Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the conclusions of a study of student perceptions of communication competence. Discourse analysis data was collected on students in university systems in six different American states in the East, Midwest, and South. Student discourse was analyzed for differences in the ways in which students described their perceptions of…

Almeida, Eugenie P.

15

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

16

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

17

An Analysis of Discourses of Writing and Writing Instruction in Curricula across Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a deductive content analysis of the grade 6 specific and general objectives in the writing curricula across Canada's 10 provinces and two of its three territories. The analysis uses Ivanic's six discourses of writing and learning to write: skills discourse, creativity discourse, process discourse, genre discourse, social…

Peterson, Shelley Stagg

2012-01-01

18

A Comparison between Political Claims Analysis and Discourse Network Analysis: The Case of Software Patents in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of policy discourse comprises actor-centered and content-oriented approaches. We attempt to close the gap between the two kinds of approaches by introducing a new methodology for the analysis of political discourse called Discourse Network Analysis. It is based on social network analysis and qualitative content analysis and takes an entirely relational perspective. Political discourse can be analyzed in

Philip Leifeld; Sebastian Haunss

2010-01-01

19

Is Business Discourse Colonizing Philanthropy? A Critical Discourse Analysis of (PRODUCT) RED  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, traditional notions of philanthropy are colonized by a market discourse that promotes consumption as an effective\\u000a way to solve social ills, resulting in what scholars have termed “marketized philanthropy.” This paper examines the implications\\u000a of marketized philanthropy through a discourse analysis of the (PRODUCT) RED campaign benefiting the Global Fund to fight\\u000a HIV\\/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis in Africa through

Jessica S. WirgauKathryn; Kathryn Webb Farley; Courtney Jensen

2010-01-01

20

Talking Mathematically: An Analysis of Discourse Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discourse has always been at the heart of teaching. In more recent years, the mathematics education community has also turned its attention towards understanding the role of discourse in mathematics teaching and learning. Using earlier classifications of discourse, in this paper, we looked at three types of classrooms: classrooms that engage in…

Imm, Kara; Stylianou, Despina A.

2012-01-01

21

Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the American political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed. This occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about However, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues. Thus, in this article, news discourse is conceived

Zhongdang Pan; Gerald M. Kosicki

1993-01-01

22

Metaphor Analysis in the Educational Discourse: A Critical Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Metaphor analysis is based on the belief that metaphor is a powerful linguistic device, because it extends and encapsulates knowledge about the familiarity and unfamiliarity. Metaphor analysis has been adopted in the educational discourse. The paper categorizes the previous relevant research into 3: interactions between learners and institutions,…

Zheng, Hong-bo; Song, Wen-juan

2010-01-01

23

Analysing Children's accounts using discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discourse analytic approaches to research depart from understandings of the individual and of the relation between language and knowledge pro- vided by positivist and post-positivist approaches. This chapter sets out to show what this might mean for studying children's experiences through, for example, interview-based research, and how a discourse-analytic approach may bring into play conceptual resources that are particularly valuable

Pam Alldred; Erica Burman

2004-01-01

24

Critical discourse analysis and social cognition: evidence from business media discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims at reconciling Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and cognitive linguistics, particularly metaphor research. Although the two disciplines are compatible, efforts to discuss metaphor as a cognitive phenomenon have been scarce in the CDA tradition. By contrast, cognitive metaphor research has recently developed to emphasize the embodied, i.e. neural, origins of metaphor at the expense of its sociodiscursive impact.

Veronika Koller

2005-01-01

25

Critical Discourse Analysis and Composition Studies: A Study of Presidential Discourse and Campus Discord  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, I argue that critical discourse analysis (CDA) can complement and extend existing critical and radical writing pedagogies; CDA provides the theoretical and methodological context that can articulate explicitly the relationship between language practices and politics. I use CDA to analyze texts that circulated on the campus of…

Powell, Pegeen Reichert

2004-01-01

26

A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

2011-01-01

27

Why there is no such thing as “critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article argues that there is no such thing as Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in the sense of a method of political or ideological critique based on the application of conventional linguistic constructs. All of us, as language users and makers, are continuously engaged in the critical examination of and response to communication in our everyday lives. The article argues

Peter E. Jones

2007-01-01

28

A Semiotic Reading and Discourse Analysis of Postmodern Street Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Postmodern street art operates under a set of references that requires art educators and researchers to adopt alternative analytical frameworks in order to understand its meanings. In this article, we describe social semiotics, critical discourse analysis, and postmodern street performance as well as the relevance of the former two in interpreting…

Lee, Mimi Miyoung; Chung, Sheng Kuan

2009-01-01

29

Acceptable bias? Using corpus linguistics methods with critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the proposal that corpus linguistics approaches can improve the objectivity of critical discourse analysis research, resulting in a more robust and valid set of findings. Taking a recent project which examined the representation of Islam and Muslims in the British press, corpus-driven procedures identified that Muslims tended to be linked to the concept of extreme belief much

Paul Baker

2012-01-01

30

The study of metaphor as part of critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses how the study of metaphoric and more generally, figurative language use contributes to critical discourse analysis (CDA). It shows how cognitive linguists’ recognition of metaphor as a fundamental means of concept- and argument-building can add to CDA's account of meaning constitution in the social context. It then discusses discrepancies between the early model of conceptual metaphor theory

Andreas Musolff

2012-01-01

31

Manipulating Technology: Discourse Analysis on American Computer Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the discourse analysis on a selection of advertisements from popular Australian computer magazines, the questions about how commercial interests manipulate technology and how it is achieved through the exploitation of people' s desire for power, freedom and self-expression are viewed.

Hongjin He

32

The Learning College Movement: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, 6 key texts from the literature of the learning college movement are examined with the technique of critical discourse analysis. The rhetorical strategies found in the literature are discussed from the standpoint of critical linguistics, and excerpts from the texts are presented as examples of the discursive practices favored by…

Hanson, Chad M.

2007-01-01

33

Theme-oriented discourse analysis of medical encounters  

Microsoft Academic Search

APPROACH Theme-oriented discourse analysis looks at how language constructs professional practice. Recordings of naturally occurring interactions are transcribed and combined with ethnographic know- ledge. Analytic themes drawn primarily from soci- ology and linguistics shed light on how meaning is negotiated in interaction. Detailed features of talk, such as intonation and choice of vocabulary, trigger inferences about what is going on

Celia Roberts; Srikant Sarangi

2005-01-01

34

The organising vision for telehealth and telecare: discourse analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To (1) map how different stakeholders understand telehealth and telecare technologies and (2) explore the implications for development and implementation of telehealth and telecare services. Design Discourse analysis. Sample 68 publications representing diverse perspectives (academic, policy, service, commercial and lay) on telehealth and telecare plus field notes from 10 knowledge-sharing events. Method Following a familiarisation phase (browsing and informal interviews), we studied a systematic sample of texts in detail. Through repeated close reading, we identified assumptions, metaphors, storylines, scenarios, practices and rhetorical positions. We added successive findings to an emerging picture of the whole. Main findings Telehealth and telecare technologies featured prominently in texts on chronic illness and ageing. There was no coherent organising vision. Rather, four conflicting discourses were evident and engaged only minimally with one another's arguments. Modernist discourse presented a futuristic utopian vision in which assistive technologies, implemented at scale, would enable society to meet its moral obligations to older people by creating a safe ‘smart’ home environment where help was always at hand, while generating efficiency savings. Humanist discourse emphasised the uniqueness and moral worth of the individual and tailoring to personal and family context; it considered that technologies were only sometimes fit for purpose and could create as well as solve problems. Political economy discourse envisaged a techno-economic complex of powerful vested interests driving commodification of healthcare and diversion of public funds into private business. Change management discourse recognised the complicatedness of large-scale technology programmes and emphasised good project management and organisational processes. Conclusion Introduction of telehealth and telecare is hampered because different stakeholders hold different assumptions, values and world views, ‘talk past’ each other and compete for recognition and resources. If investments in these technologies are to bear fruit, more effective inter-stakeholder dialogue must occur to establish an organising vision that better accommodates competing discourses.

Procter, Rob; Wherton, Joe; Sugarhood, Paul; Shaw, Sara

2012-01-01

35

Emotional inhibition: A discourse analysis of disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence generated within the emotional disclosure paradigm (EDP) suggests that talking or writing about emotional experiences produces health benefits, but recent meta-analyses have questioned its efficacy. Studies within the EDP typically rely upon a unidimensional and relatively unsophisticated notion of emotional inhibition, and tend to use quantitative forms of content analysis to identify associations between percentages of word types and

Darren Ellis; John Cromby

2011-01-01

36

Emotional inhibition: A discourse analysis of disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence generated within the emotional disclosure paradigm (EDP) suggests that talking or writing about emotional experiences produces health benefits, but recent meta-analyses have questioned its efficacy. Studies within the EDP typically rely upon a unidimensional and relatively unsophisticated notion of emotional inhibition, and tend to use quantitative forms of content analysis to identify associations between percentages of word types and

Darren Ellis; John Cromby

2012-01-01

37

Discourse Analysis as Part of Translator Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an approach to textual analysis and its application in translator training for university students at advanced level at the Aarhus School of Business (Denmark). The approach emphasizes not only the quality of the product, but also how the process is administered. Hence, it is a process-oriented approach to translation. (Author/VWL)

Trosborg, Anna

2000-01-01

38

Researching educational policy and change in ‘new times’: using critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of writers have drawn attention to the increasing importance of language in social life in ‘new times’ and Fairclough has referred to ‘discourse driven’ social change. These conditions have led to an increase in the use of various forms of discourse analysis in policy analysis. This paper explores the possibilities of using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in critical

Sandra Taylor

2004-01-01

39

Discourse analysis: what is it and why is it relevant to family practice?  

PubMed Central

This paper aims to illustrate what discourse analysis is and how it can contribute to our understanding of family practice. Firstly, we describe what ‘discourse analysis’ is, mapping the discourse analysis terrain by discussing four studies relevant to primary care to illustrate different methodological approaches and key concepts. We then address the practicalities of how to actually do discourse analysis, providing readers with a worked example using one particular approach. Thirdly, we touch on some common debates about discursive research. We conclude by advocating that researchers and practitioners take up the challenge of understanding, utilizing and extending the field of discourse studies within family practice.

Bailey, Julia

2009-01-01

40

Discourse analysis and the impact of the philosophy of Enlightenment in nursing research.  

PubMed

Discourse analysis has been introduced into nursing research as an approach which has the potential to offer new perspectives and to pose new questions to taken-for-granted assumptions. However, critique has arisen that when applied to nursing studies, the epistemological foundation of the discourse analysis is often overlooked. It is furthermore claimed that the methodological inspiration does not lead to any new insights and that these studies can hardly be differentiated from more traditional studies. This study supports this critique, arguing that the challenges of implementing discourse analysis in nursing research reflect a dominant pattern of thought in the discourse of the nursing profession that have held sway throughout the last century. We argue that this pattern of thought stems from the Western philosophy of consciousness and the conception of the sovereign subject. By applying a discourse analytical perspective to the discourse of the nursing profession itself, this study elucidates the challenges of applying discourse analysis in nursing research. PMID:23679133

Beedholm, Kirsten; Lomborg, Kirsten; Frederiksen, Kirsten

2013-05-17

41

Critical discourse analysis and inclusive educational policies: the power to exclude  

Microsoft Academic Search

The legislative shift towards an inclusive education policy in Cyprus has allegedly been fragmented and contradictory. The textual hybridity of the ostensibly more inclusive policy documents prevents the realization of an inclusive discourse. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is proposed as an emancipatory research tool that has the potential to destabilize the authoritarian discourses entrenched in educational policy agendas, thereby facilitating

Anastasia Liasidou

2008-01-01

42

The construction of teacher identities in educational policy documents: A critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is a complex eclectic method that has potential to be a valuable tool for critical policy analysis. This article highlights this potential by demonstrating how CDA can be applied to policy texts. That is, it focuses on the processes involved in ‘doing’ critical discourse analysis. In particular, it examines the framework identified by Chouliaraki & Fairclough

Sue Thomas

2005-01-01

43

Caring control: methodological issues in a discourse analysis of waterbirth texts.  

PubMed

This paper describes a study where the discourses surrounding waterbirth were identified by an analysis of texts in professional journals and broadsheet newspapers. While one particular discourse, caring control, will be discussed, the focus of the paper is on the method of discourse analysis. What discourse analysis can offer nurses and midwives is a position from which to analyse systematically and to arrive at some understanding of how oppression and inequality of power relations, which are inherent in many forms of health care provision, are created and sustained. PMID:10215983

Redwood, R

1999-04-01

44

Studying Agency in Literacy Teacher Education: A Layered Approach to Positive Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critically oriented forms of discourse analysis have focused largely on oppression and injustice. Signaling a new turn in the field, scholars have called for an analytic focus on moments of liberation and agency, referring to this orientation as "positive discourse analysis" (PDA). In this research, we turn our attention to a case study of agency…

Rogers, Rebecca; Wetzel, Melissa Mosley

2013-01-01

45

“GENRE MEANS …”: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF FOURTH GRADE TALK ABOUT GENRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This action research study investigates how genre theory can be integrated into the practice of a writing enrichment program and how the frameworks of Critical Discourse Analysis and Multimodal Analysis can help assess and improve both student learning and teacher practice. A multilayered exploration of teacher-student discourse in an urban public elementary school in the Midwest United States discloses the

Inda Schaenen

2010-01-01

46

So What Does This Show Us? Analysis of the Discourse Marker "So" in Monologic Talk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of a series of computer science seminars indicates that use of the discourse marker "so" in dialogic talk is not random, rather it plays an important role in orienting the listener to the overall structure of the seminar. Analysis shows how the discourse marker occurs in specific environments, with specific prosodic features, and that…

Rendle-Short, Johanna

2003-01-01

47

Insights beyond Neo-Liberal Educational Practices: The Value of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the nature, power and effects of neo-liberal rationale in educational settings. By introducing discourse analysis of two cases, the influence of neo-liberal ideology on contemporary curricula and school programs were examined. The analysis showed that dominant discourses based on neo-liberal rationale presented themselves as…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Rafferty, John

2013-01-01

48

Reporting on Sino-Japan in The New York Times: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a critical discourse analysis of the news reports on Sino-Japan conflicts in the New York Times from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2006. A critical discourse analysis is made to delineate the contrasting representations of China and Japan, locating some particular discursive strategies that harbor ideological inclinations. Findings indicate that the New York Times portrayed the

Xiaoxiao Chen

2008-01-01

49

Climate Change Discourse in Mass Media: Application of Computer-Assisted Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Content analysis of mass media publications has become a major scientific method used to analyze public discourse on climate change. We propose a computer-assisted content analysis method to extract prevalent themes and analyze discourse changes over an extended period in an objective and quantifiable manner. The method includes the following:…

Kirilenko, Andrei P.; Stepchenkova, Svetlana O.

2012-01-01

50

Insights beyond Neo-Liberal Educational Practices: The Value of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the nature, power and effects of neo-liberal rationale in educational settings. By introducing discourse analysis of two cases, the influence of neo-liberal ideology on contemporary curricula and school programs were examined. The analysis showed that dominant discourses based on neo-liberal rationale presented themselves…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Rafferty, John

2013-01-01

51

Front desk talk: discourse analysis of receptionist-patient interaction  

PubMed Central

Background GP receptionists are the first point of contact with the NHS for most patients and have an important role in facilitating access to healthcare services. There is evidence that they are often perceived as impersonal, insensitive, or officious. Aim To analyse the communicative styles of GP receptionists when dealing with patients. Design of study Ethnographically situated discourse analysis of audio recordings. Setting Three NHS GP surgeries in Scotland. Method Fine-grained transcription and stage-by-stage analysis of digital audio recordings of 283 encounters between receptionists and patients engaged in front desk business. Participants were 16 receptionists and 283 patients. Results Interaction between receptionists and patients consists mainly of verbal routines that are shaped by the administrative tasks completed through them. Receptionists adhere to these established patterns of use at all times, even when dealing with non-routine situations. Within the routine framework, receptionists communicate with patients using styles that display three dominant approaches: task centred, conventionally polite, and rapport building. Receptionists who adopt a task-centred approach use forms with minimal interpersonal content, while those who use conventionally polite forms or those associated with rapport building, give attention to establishing positive relationships with patients. There is no evidence that any stylistic approach is more efficient than another. There is, however, evidence that excessive adherence to routine verbal behaviour has an adverse impact on problem solving. Conclusion Most receptionist discourse consists of the repetition of established verbal routines. Receptionists adopt verbal styles that are predominantly task centred, conventionally polite, or rapport building. Although all three styles enable the completion of reception work with similar levels of efficiency, task-centred styles may appear over-direct. The use of a routine approach when dealing with problematic situations can inhibit and delay their resolution.

Hewitt, Heather; McCloughan, Lucy; McKinstry, Brian

2009-01-01

52

At Last: "What's Discourse Got to Do with It?" A Meditation on Critical Discourse Analysis in Literacy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lewis explains why critical discourse analysis (CDA) has become an indispensable method for many researchers trying to understand how ideologies and social structures are reflected in and reified by language. The critical linguistic turn that has occurred in the humanities and social sciences for the last three decade has finally taken hold in the…

Lewis, Cynthia

2006-01-01

53

A Discourse Analysis of Master's Theses across Disciplines with a Focus on Introductions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been a growing number of discourse studies in recent years on written academic genres produced by students. However, the master's thesis has not received as much attention as the PhD dissertation. This investigation of master's theses from three disciplines, biology, philosophy and linguistics, employs both discourse analysis and…

Samraj, Betty

2008-01-01

54

Intellectual Disabilities, Challenging Behaviour and Referral Texts: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral…

Nunkoosing, Karl; Haydon-Laurelut, Mark

2011-01-01

55

Argumentative Discourse Structure in Chinese and English Writing: A Comparative Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To determine formal principles of discourse processing and production, a study reviewed theories in various disciplines related to language and/or thought and thereby rationalized an approach of quantitative matrix analysis to the problems caused by discrepant discourse structures encountered in second language learning. Statistical analyses of…

Chen, Sun-I

56

Incomplete Determinism: A Discourse Analysis of Cybernetic Futurology in Early Cyberculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Foucauldian discourse analysis, this paper examines five temporal regularities produced in emergent cyberculture discourse in the immediate post-WWII period in the United States. The construction of entropy as social; the understanding of systemic change in evolutionary terms; the embrace of the present as a revolutionary historical discontinuity; the adoption of a machine standard of condensed time; and the shaping

Sheryl N. Hamilton

1998-01-01

57

Intellectual Disabilities, Challenging Behaviour and Referral Texts: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral…

Nunkoosing, Karl; Haydon-Laurelut, Mark

2011-01-01

58

Towards a genealogy of wealth through an analysis of biblical discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A primary concern of accounting is the determination of the financial position or “wealth” of an entity. Using an interpretive methodology adapted from Michel Foucault, this contribution seeks to develop a genealogy of wealth through an analysis of Biblical discourses pertaining to wealth. In particular, the article examines narratives depicting the life of Abraham as these relate to discourses about

C. Richard Baker

2006-01-01

59

Re-constructing Babel: Discourse analysis, hermeneutics and the Interpretive Arc  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article questions the aptness of ‘discourse analysis’ as a label for our field, and prefers the less reductionist concept of ‘Discourse Interpretation’. It does this through drawing on ideas from the field of philosophical hermeneutics – the theory and practice of interpreting texts. It operationalizes and adapts the construct of the Interpretive Arc from the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur

Allan Bell

2011-01-01

60

Iranian University Students' Politics in the Post-Reform Movement Era: A Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the discourse analysis of the statements of the university student organizations in the period between 1996–2006, this paper will address the pros and cons of five approaches to politics in the post-reform movement era based on five discourses among university students in the past decade of Iranian politics and their consequences for reshaping the Iranian polity. This article

Majid Mohammadi

2007-01-01

61

Academic Discussions: An Analysis of Instructional Discourse and an Argument for an Integrative Assessment Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the structure of academic discussions during the implementation of a literacy curriculum in the upper elementary grades. The authors examine the quality of academic discussion, using existing discourse analysis frameworks designed to evaluate varying attributes of classroom discourse. To integrate the overlapping qualities…

Elizabeth, Tracy; Ross Anderson, Trisha L.; Snow, Elana H.; Selman, Robert L.

2012-01-01

62

Intellectual disabilities, challenging behaviour and referral texts: a critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral forms position the person with intellectual disabilities as a problem to be solved,

Karl Nunkoosing

2011-01-01

63

What We All (Supposedly) Know about the Poor: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Ruby Payne's "Framework"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a professional development text by Ruby Payne that claims to inform teachers about the lives and minds of children from poor households. We use Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 1995; Gee, 2005; Rogers, Malancharuvil-Berkes, & Mosley, 2005) to examine how the author enlists readers' participation in deficit discourses

Dworin, Joel E.; Bomer, Randy

2008-01-01

64

Rethinking Analysis of Progressive Discourse in Online Learning: An Activity Theory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an innovative approach to analyze the progression of dialogue in asynchronous online forums. Although schemes analyzing the content of individual messages exist, they fail to capture the subtle relationships between messages that constitute progressive discourse for knowledge building. We present a group-level discourse analysis based on cultural-historical activity theory that characterizes the unfolding collaborative learning and knowledge

Nobuko Fujita; Clare Brett

65

Qualitative analysis in gay men's health research: comparing thematic, critical discourse, and conversation analysis.  

PubMed

Gay men's health typically relies on traditional forms of qualitative analysis, such as thematic analysis, and would benefit from a diversity of analytic approaches. Such diversity offers public health researchers a breadth of tools to address different kinds of research questions and, thus, substantiate different types of social phenomenon relevant to the health and wellbeing of gay men. In this article, I compare and contrast three qualitative analytic approaches: thematic, critical discourse, and conversation analysis. I demonstrate and distinguish their key analytic assumptions by applying each approach to a single data excerpt taken from a public health interview conducted for a broader study on gay men's health. I engage in a discussion of each approach in relation to three themes: its utility for gay men's health, its approach to dilemmas of voice, and its capacity for reflexivity. I advocate that qualitative researchers should capitalise on the full range of qualitative analytic approaches to achieve the goals of gay men's health. However, I specifically encourage qualitative researchers to engage with conversation analysis, not only because of its capacity to resolve dilemmas of voice and to achieve reflexivity, but also for its ability to capture forms of social life hitherto undocumented through thematic and critical discourse analysis. PMID:22853179

Aguinaldo, Jeffrey P

2012-01-01

66

Heterogeneous knowledge: Trends in German discourse analysis against an international background  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution maps the complex field of discourse analysis in Germany by situating its major currents and putting them in historical perspective. In a first step, it presents the major intellectual sources, such as (post-)structuralism, pragmatism\\/interactionism as well as hermeneutics, which have served as a backdrop for the establishment of discourse analysis as an interdisciplinary field since the 1980s. In

Johannes Angermüller

2011-01-01

67

Discourse analysis in international development studies: Mapping some contemporary contributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically examines work conducted by discourse analysts working in international development studies (IDS). During the 1990s, a number of authors introduced the study of speech, text and image as new paths toward understanding the causes of underdevelopment. This article highlights the authors who have worked on discourses on development and underdevelopment expressed by national and international governmental agencies

Dimitri della Faille

2011-01-01

68

A Discourse Analysis of Student Perceptions of Their Communication Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discourse regarding student perceptions of their communication competence was collected from students in geographically diverse university systems in the U.S. These student discourses were analyzed for patterns that revealed shared topics, ideas, and values regarding communication competence in a variety of situations. Three characteristics of…

Almeida, Eugenie

2004-01-01

69

An analysis of EU counterterrorism discourse post-September 11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the main characteristics and evolution of European Union counterterrorism discourse, primarily through a comparison with United States counterterrorism discourse since September 11. It argues that while both actors share a great deal in common in the language they employ about terrorism, there are a number of subtle but highly significant differences. The article also argues that there

Richard Jackson

2007-01-01

70

Discourse analysis: Power\\/Knowledge on an academic listserv  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study examines whether an academic listserv functions primarily as a medium for progressive discourse in which enacted power relations are collaborative or primarily as a medium for discourse in which norms are unilaterally established and off-line hierarchical power relations are re-enacted. A few instances of progressive norm setting and other indicators of collaborative power relations were found. However,

Patricia McGee; Felecia Briscoe

2003-01-01

71

Negotiating a pathological identity in the clinical dialogue: discourse analysis of a family therapy.  

PubMed

Within the framework of social constructionism, psychotherapy has been re-conceptualized as a semiotic process, which consists of the creative generation of new meanings in the context of collaborative discourse. In recent years, research approaches that draw from social constructionism, such as discourse analysis, have been fruitfully employed in the study of psychotherapy processes, whilst being in line with the contemporary emphasis on language, narrative, and meaning making. This paper aims to further the exploration of the usefulness of discourse analysis in the study of psychotherapy processes, and in particular, in situations where the medical discourse is powerfully implicated in the construction of a person's identity. It is based on the analysis of a family therapy with a family whose child has a diagnosis of autism. The analysis focuses on two features of the family's talk, namely shifts in the flexibility of employment of a diverse range of discourses and subject positions, and shifts in the ways agency is constructed and discursively negotiated in the clinical conversations. It is suggested that these shifts can be used as indications of change in the family's network of meanings. The analysis suggests that an important aspect in clinical work with families with a member with a psychiatric diagnosis lies in decentring, or deconstructing, the dominant, pathology-maintaining accounts, and allowing for a wider range of less problematic narratives and subject positions to emerge. PMID:16354441

Avdi, Evrinomy

2005-12-01

72

Constructing the ‘ideal learner’: a critical discourse analysis of the adult numeracy core curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical discourse analysis of the Adult Numeracy Core Curriculum is used to expose and challenge the underlying assumptions of the Skills for Life strategy, and to examine the way in which the text constructs subject positions for adult numeracy teachers and learners. The analysis finds that presuppositions include the unproblematic transfer of classroom numeracy learning to social practice, and

Helen M. Oughton

2007-01-01

73

Critical Discourse Analysis and the Corpus-Informed Interpretation of Metaphor at the Register Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One aspect of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) involves examining how metaphors in texts, particularly hard news texts (reports of very recent conflicts, crimes, etc.), imply certain values. The usual theoretical basis for such analysis is Lakoff and Johnson (1980). My article shows problems with transplanting Lakoff and Johnson's…

O'Halloran, Kieran

2007-01-01

74

Media Reports of Links between MMR and Autism: A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper details an analysis of BBC reporting of the proposed links between MMR and autism. The study aimed to identify main issues arising from the media reports into the link between MMR and the development of autism, and how these contribute to common understandings about people with autism. The study employed a form of discourse analysis to…

O'Dell, Lindsay; Brownlow, Charlotte

2005-01-01

75

Knowledge Building Discourse Explorer: A Social Network Analysis Application for Knowledge Building Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent studies of learning theories, a new methodology that integrates two prevailing metaphors of learning (acquisition and participation) has been discussed. However, current analytical techniques are insufficient for analyzing how social knowledge develops through learners' discourse and how individual learners contribute to this…

Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Matsuzawa, Yoshiaki

2012-01-01

76

Comparative Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA): Interplay of discourses (D/D1) as third grade urban and suburban science students engage in hypothesis formulation and observation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative research project is a comparative analysis of Discourses (D/D1) while focused upon the science processes of hypothesis generation and observation in an urban versus suburban elementary science classroom. D designates the instructional and formal academic science Discourse and D1 represents the students' informal, social or home language D1iscourses. In particular, this research study is a critical discourse analysis that examines how the science processes of hypothesis formulation and observation are constituted through the interplay of classroom Discourses (D/D1) as two third grade science teachers teach the same kit-based, inquiry science lessons with their respective urban and suburban students. The research also considers ethnicity, social class, language, and the central role science teachers play mediating between children's everyday world and the world of science. Communicative approach and distinctive patterns of interaction between the European American teachers and their respective students are analyzed through a critical lens to examine underlying issues of equity and power embedded in the instructional Discourse of science. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) provides both the theoretical framework and analytical lens. The research informs development of linguistic-based "best" practices to contribute toward promoting greater science teacher awareness in creating linguistic environments that support all students' learning science Discourse and to serve as a springboard for future educational science researchers' use of CDA.

Mendoza, Carmen Irene Reyes

77

Prisoners signify: a political discourse analysis of mental illness in a prison control unit.  

PubMed

Increasingly, US prisoners diagnosed with mental illness are housed in control units, the most restrictive form of confinement in the US prison system. This situation has led to intense debate over the legal, ethical and clinical status of mental illness. This is a semiotic struggle with profound effects, yet most related work treats mental illness as a neutral, individual variable. Few analyses locate mental illness within a larger sociopolitical context. Fewer still focus on discursive practice. None critically analyze the accounts of control unit prisoners, who talk about extreme marginality and risk for victimization. This paper has two aims: (i) to develop a systematic method of analysis that accounts for signification as discourse-in-action; and (ii) to show how prisoners' signification of mental illness articulates agency through and against marginalizing discourse. Political discourse analysis demonstrates how control unit prisoners with psychiatric diagnoses signify mental illness, and articulate safer identifications in the process. PMID:17718746

Cloyes, Kristin Gates

2007-09-01

78

The Interconnectedness Principle and the Semiotic Analysis of Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large portion of human intellectual and social life is based on the pro- duction, use, and exchange of relevant meanings in verbal discourse. This has endowed the human species with the ability to cope effectively with the crucial aspects of existence - knowing, behaving purposefully, planning, so- cializing, and comm unicating. Cle arly, then, one of the primary tasks

Marcel Danesi

79

Many Lessons from a School: What Classroom Discourse Analysis Reveals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In my talk, I foreground what I and my colleagues have learned about discourse in the numerous classrooms we observed in a four-year research study at an urban high school. While Jefferson High had a student body that was linguistically and culturally diverse, it was homogeneous socioeconomically, being labeled "low income". Some of the research…

Zuengler, Jane

2011-01-01

80

Strategies of TV News Dramatization: An Attempt of Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper defines indicators related to the dramatization of television and formulates a methodology for analyzing the discourse of the television news based on empirical studies. This methodology is used to isolate some indicators of dramatization as it relates to the structure and form of the message. The changes that have affected the text of…

Mancini, Paolo

81

Overt sexuality in advertising: A discourse analysis of gender responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in advertising imagery often involve the use of overt sexuality. Consumer responses to advertisements using a range of sexual explicitness are explored using a discourse analytic approach. The dominant negative themes articulated across sex and age groups concerned the use of sex-role stereotypes and the objectification of women. Dominant positive themes shared by both sexes involved equality in

Richard Elliott; Abigail Jones; Andrew Benfield; Matt Barlow

1995-01-01

82

Disciplining Leaders: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the ISLLC National Examination and Performance Standards in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Norman Fairclough's discourse analysis, a textual analysis technique, is employed to evaluate a set of national standards for certifying or licensing educational administrators developed by the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC). (PKP)|

Anderson, Gary L.

2001-01-01

83

Manufacturing Consent: A Corpus-Based Critical Discourse Analysis of New Labour's Educational Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents selected findings from a historical analysis of change in the discursive construction of social identity in UK education policy discourse from 1972-2005. My chief argument is that through its linguistic forms of self-identification the government construes educational roles, relations and responsibilities not only for itself,…

Mulderrig, Jane

2011-01-01

84

The Newfoundland School Society (1830-1840): A Critical Discourse Analysis of Its Religious Education Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the lens of critical discourse analysis to examine the religious education efforts of the Newfoundland School Society (NSS), the main provider of religious education in Newfoundland in the 19th century. Although its focus was initially this colony, the NSS quickly broadened its reach to the whole British empire, making it one of…

English, Leona M.

2012-01-01

85

The Newfoundland School Society (1830-1840): A Critical Discourse Analysis of Its Religious Education Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses the lens of critical discourse analysis to examine the religious education efforts of the Newfoundland School Society (NSS), the main provider of religious education in Newfoundland in the 19th century. Although its focus was initially this colony, the NSS quickly broadened its reach to the whole British empire, making it one of…

English, Leona M.

2012-01-01

86

Critical Discourse Analysis and Critical Thinking: An Experimental Study in an EFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated the impact of critical discourse analysis (CDA) on TEFL students' critical thinking (CT) ability in "Reading Journalistic Texts" classes. In so doing, the study utilized an experimental design with 24 participants in the control group and 29 participants in the experimental group. The results of a pretest indicated…

Hashemi, Mohammad Reza; Ghanizadeh, Afsaneh

2012-01-01

87

Negotiating multiple identities between school and the outside world: a critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines interview talk of three students in an Australian high school to show how they negotiate their young adult identities between school and the outside world. It draws on Bakhtin's concepts of dialogism and heteroglossia to argue that identities are linguistically and corporeally constituted. A critical discourse analysis of segments of transcribed interviews and student-related public documents finds

Mary Ryan; Greer Johnson

2009-01-01

88

Meaning Making through Multiple Modalities in a Biology Classroom: A Multimodal Semiotics Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of science is a complex process, involving the use of multiple modalities. This paper illustrates the potential of a multimodal semiotics discourse analysis framework to illuminate meaning-making possibilities during the teaching of a science concept. A multimodal semiotics analytical framework is developed and used to (1) analyze the…

Jaipal, Kamini

2010-01-01

89

Accreditation and Power: A Discourse Analysis of a New Regime of Governance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article studies discourses within the accreditation of Norwegian higher education conducted by the Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Education (NOKUT), using one concrete case (the accreditation of bachelor programs in nursing). Analysis of policy documents and accreditation reports are influenced by two of Foucault's concepts of…

Engebretsen, Eivind; Heggen, Kristin; Eilertsen, Heidi Annett

2012-01-01

90

Use of semantic feature analysis in group discourse treatment for aphasia: Extension and expansion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) is a treatment for lexical retrieval impairment in which participants are cued to provide semantic information about concepts they have difficulty naming, in an effort to facilitate accurate lexical retrieval (Boyle, 2004a). Previous work has provided preliminary evidence that persons with aphasia who participated in SFA-focused group aphasia treatment demonstrate improved lexical retrieval in discourse,

Carolyn Falconer; Sharon M. Antonucci

2011-01-01

91

Use of semantic feature analysis in group discourse treatment for aphasia: Extension and expansion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) is a treatment for lexical retrieval impairment in which participants are cued to provide semantic information about concepts they have difficulty naming, in an effort to facilitate accurate lexical retrieval (Boyle, 2004a). Previous work has provided preliminary evidence that persons with aphasia who participated in SFA-focused group aphasia treatment demonstrate improved lexical retrieval in discourse,

Carolyn Falconer; Sharon M. Antonucci

2012-01-01

92

Naturalizing the Future in Factual Discourse: A Critical Linguistic Analysis of a Projected Event.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the linguistic processes through which a projected effect is constructed within factual discourse. Applies critical linguistic analysis to coverage of the 1990 Gulf War in the "New York Times" and "Washington Post." Expands on work in critical linguistics and demonstrates how political interests underlying newspaper accounts were…

Dunmire, Patricia L.

1997-01-01

93

The Conflict over Origins: A Discourse Analysis of the Creationism Controversy in American Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate about human origins between creationists and biologists is hardly a new one. In its latest cycle, the dispute concerns the status of Intelligent Design and the teaching of evolutionary theory in public schools. The controversy is primarily political, motivated by deeply held feelings about identity. A discourse analysis using network modeling was applied to newspaper coverage of the

Timothy Shortell

2011-01-01

94

Discourse analysis versus philosophic reading of a literary text: The herne's egg, W.B. Yeats  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores a unique poetic narrative from two perspectives: a sociolinguistic point of view within the framework of functional discourse analysis and a literary critique through the prism of Indian philosophic ideas in the text. The research method is based on juxtaposing a social-semiotic interpretation and a literary commentary. Firstly, the article applies the Hallidayan model of the dimensions

Snežana Dabi?

2010-01-01

95

Celebrity advertising in the case of negative associations: discourse analysis of weblogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine celebrity advertising in the case of negative associations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In total, 451 posts were captured permanently from randomly selected weblogs, and analyzed by discourse analysis. The basic emerging themes therein have been isolated and interpreted, and a model of celebrity endorsement in the case of negative information has been

Ulun Akturan

2011-01-01

96

Teacher Education and Development Policies: Critical Discourse Analysis from a Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore teacher education policies in different countries of Latin America and North America through the comparison of policy documents. The training of teachers, a key component of education, faces educational challenges as a result of various reform policies in different countries. Critical discourse analysis

Pini, Monica E.; Gorostiaga, Jorge M.

2008-01-01

97

Reproducing Gender Inequality: A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Turkish Adult Literacy Textbook. Research Brief #7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult education curricula such as literacy textbooks present blueprints for living, including different ways of being and relating as men and women. However, educators and scholars seldom consider the underlying assumptions about gender in literacy workbooks, especially in international settings. This study used Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA)…

Gungor, Ramazan; Prins, Esther

2011-01-01

98

An Analysis of Selected Korean Hedges in Spoken Discourse: Sociopragmatic and Pragmalinguistic Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents an empirical analysis of Korean hedges in contemporary spoken discourse. The data analyzed was drawn from my corpus based on approximately 17 hours of unplanned, naturally occurring conversations. This study classified lexical and syntactic hedges in my corpus and investigated the frequency of individual hedge items. It…

Yoon, Yeonhee

2010-01-01

99

Analysing Texts in Context: Current Practices and New Protocols for Critical Discourse Analysis in Organization Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

abstract Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in organization studies would be strengthened by an increased focus on a central CDA tenet that texts should be analysed in context. Context has, for the most part, been afforded a taken-for-granted status that is misplaced because of the diverse ways in which it may be defined and applied. These generally unacknowledged differences relate to

Shirley Leitch; Ian Palmer

2010-01-01

100

Manufacturing Consent: A Corpus-Based Critical Discourse Analysis of New Labour's Educational Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents selected findings from a historical analysis of change in the discursive construction of social identity in UK education policy discourse from 1972-2005. My chief argument is that through its linguistic forms of self-identification the government construes educational roles, relations and responsibilities not only for itself,…

Mulderrig, Jane

2011-01-01

101

Denial of impending death: a discourse analysis of the palliative care literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terminally ill patients and their families are often referred to as being “in denial” of impending death. This study uses the qualitative method of discourse analysis to investigate the usage of the term “denial” in the contemporary hospice and palliative care literature. A Medline search (1970–2001) was performed combining the text words “deny” and “denial” with the subject headings “terminal

Camilla Zimmermann

2004-01-01

102

Defining and Measuring Parenting for Educational Success: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Parent Education Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Parent Education Profile (PEP) is an instrument used by family literacy programs to rate parents' support for children's literacy development. This article uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine how the PEP constructs the ideal parent, the text's underlying assumptions about parenting and education, and its ideological effects. The…

Prins, Esther; Toso, Blaire Willson

2008-01-01

103

Comparative Critical Discourse Analysis of Student and Teacher Editions of Secondary Christian American Literature Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the comparative application of critical discourse analysis to student and teacher editions of the two most widely used high school American literature textbooks by Christian publishers, examining them through the lens of critical theory. The study examined all parts of the student and teacher editions, excepting literary…

Agiro, Christa Preston

2012-01-01

104

Position of text and discourse analysis in higher education policy research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article sets out to address the position of text and discourse analysis in higher education policy research, both from theoretical and methodological points of view. Theoretically, the article presents policy processes as discursive processes, arguing that higher education policies are constructed discursively. Methodologically, the article suggests that when policy documents are used as data, as is often the case

Taina Saarinen

2008-01-01

105

Examining Bilingual Children's Gender Ideologies through Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study of young bilingual students' discussions of literature in a second-grade Spanish/English bilingual classroom in the US. Sociocultural, critical, and Chicana feminist perspectives informed an analysis of the ways the children worked at understanding, marking, and resisting gender boundaries. This critical…

Martinez-Roldan, Carmen M.

2005-01-01

106

Unity and Detachment: A Discourse Analysis of Doctoral Supervision  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the authors report on an approach that they used to enhance their understanding of the complex nature of doctoral supervision by analyzing e-mail communication within a supervisory relationship. Although some scholars have discussed research supervision, empirical research on the subject is limited, and the authors found no published attempts to explore doctoral supervision through the analysis of

Fiona Irvine

107

Using narrative and discourse analysis in researching co?principalships  

Microsoft Academic Search

After completing a longitudinal study of co?principal shared leadership initiatives in Aotearoa\\/New Zealand, the author discusses some of the issues raised by her research design and methods. First, she explains the storying techniques she used to construct case narratives of each initiative. While these accounts drew largely on the participants’ own words, she shows how her own narrative analysis shaped

Marian Court

2004-01-01

108

Writing wrongs? An analysis of published discourses about the use of patient information leaflets.  

PubMed

Much has been written about how to communicate with patients, but there has been little critical scrutiny of this literature. This paper presents an analysis of publications about the use of patient information leaflets. It suggests that two discourses can be distinguished in this literature. The first of these is the larger of the two. It reflects traditional biomedical concerns and it invokes a mechanistic model of communication in which patients are characterised as passive and open to manipulation in the interests of a biomedical agenda. The persistence of the biomedical model in this discourse is contrasted with the second discourse, which is smaller and more recent in origin. This second discourse draws on a political agenda of patient empowerment, and reflects this in its choice of outcomes of interest, its concern with the use of leaflets as a means of democratisation, and its orientation towards patients. It is suggested that the two discourses, though distinct, are not entirely discrete, and may begin to draw closer as they begin to draw on a wider set of resources, including sociological research and theory, to develop a rigorous theoretically grounded approach to patient information leaflets. PMID:11286365

Dixon-Woods, M

2001-05-01

109

Analyzing psychotherapy process as intersubjective sensemaking: an approach based on discourse analysis and neural networks.  

PubMed

The authors propose a method for analyzing the psychotherapy process: discourse flow analysis (DFA). DFA is a technique representing the verbal interaction between therapist and patient as a discourse network, aimed at measuring the therapist-patient discourse ability to generate new meanings through time. DFA assumes that the main function of psychotherapy is to produce semiotic novelty. DFA is applied to the verbatim transcript of the psychotherapy. It defines the main meanings active within the therapeutic discourse by means of the combined use of text analysis and statistical techniques. Subsequently, it represents the dynamic interconnections among these meanings in terms of a "discursive network." The dynamic and structural indexes of the discursive network have been shown to provide a valid representation of the patient-therapist communicative flow as well as an estimation of its clinical quality. Finally, a neural network is designed specifically to identify patterns of functioning of the discursive network and to verify the clinical validity of these patterns in terms of their association with specific phases of the psychotherapy process. An application of the DFA to a case of psychotherapy is provided to illustrate the method and the kinds of results it produces. PMID:20665338

Nitti, Mariangela; Ciavolino, Enrico; Salvatore, Sergio; Gennaro, Alessandro

2010-09-01

110

Plural and hybrid environmental values: a discourse analysis of the wind energy conflict in Australia and the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind energy has divided environmentalists. To understand why, disparate groups from Victoria, Australia and the United Kingdom are characterised as discourse coalitions, and their views and arguments are digested into compelling storylines. Drawing on the literature that explains environmental conflicts in terms of contrasting values, a discourse analysis approach is used to identify and define the hybrid and plural values

Brad Jessup

2010-01-01

111

A discourse-based approach to semantic feature analysis for the treatment of aphasic word retrieval failures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) is a prominent treatment for the word retrieval deficits of aphasia. Generalisation of improved word retrieval on picture naming to discourse production has been an important factor for evaluating the effectiveness of SFA treatment. Unfortunately, generalisation of word retrieval improvements to discourse production following SFA has been modest.Aims: Because of the previous, albeit limited, success

Richard K. Peach; Katherine A. Reuter

2010-01-01

112

Through the Eyes of the Institution: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Decision Making in Two Special Education Meetings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a critical discourse analysis of two Committee on Special Education meetings for one middle school girl. Drawing on 2 years of ethnographic data, the study demonstrates that the second-year meeting was wrought with contradictions. Suggests the need to look to institutional discourses and cases of subjective experiences in order to…

Rogers, Rebecca

2002-01-01

113

A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Real-World Problem in Mathematics: Looking for Signs of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concepts of "access" and "relevance" feature prominently in the discourse of change in mathematics education in South Africa. One way in which these concepts have been played out in mathematics classrooms is in the use of mathematical problems with real-world contexts. This paper presents a Critical Discourse Analysis of one such problem,…

Le Roux, Kate

2008-01-01

114

Defining and Defending ‘Unhealthy’ PracticesA Discourse Analysis of Chocolate ‘Addicts” Accounts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary ideals of health and nutrition conspire to render the consumption of chocolate and similar snacks problematic. Individuals who self-define as ‘chocoholics’ therefore present an ideal opportunity to investigate how ostensibly unhealthy acts are defined, defended and maintained within a health-conscious climate. This article reports on an interview-based study with five self-professed chocoholics. A Foucauldian form of discourse analysis was

Rebecca Benford; Brendan Gough

2006-01-01

115

Marketing Senegal through hip-hop – a discourse analysis of Akon's music and lyrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to highlight hip-hop's contribution to the entrepreneurship and place marketing literature. Hip-hop is taken from the lens of an individual artist, Akon, whose music and lyrics – a “hybrid of silky, West African-styled vocals mixed with North America's East Coast and Southern beats” – provides fresh insights for place marketers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A “discourse analysis

Nnamdi O. Madichie

2011-01-01

116

A Discourse Analysis of Elite American Newspaper Editorials: The Case of Iran’s Nuclear Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employs Said’s concept of Orientalism and van Dijk’s concept of the ideological square to analyze three elite American newspapers’ editorial coverage of Iran’s nuclear program. A critical discourse analysis of The New York Times, The Washington Post, and The Wall Street Journal editorials from 1984 to 2004 identified six Orientalist themes. The study finds that The Wall Street

Foad Izadi; Hakimeh Saghaye-Biria

2007-01-01

117

Constructing osteoarthritis through discourse - a qualitative analysis of six patient information leaflets on osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Background Health service policy in the United Kingdom emphasises the importance of self-care by patients with chronic conditions. Written information for patients about their condition is seen as an important aid to help patients look after themselves. From a discourse analysis perspective written texts such as patient information leaflets do not simply describe the reality of a medical condition and its management but by drawing on some sorts of knowledge and evidence rather than others help construct the reality of that condition. This study explored patient information leaflets on osteoarthritis (OA) to see how OA was constructed and to consider the implications for self-care. Methods Systematic and repeated readings of six patient information leaflets on osteoarthritis to look for similarities and differences across leaflets, contradictions within leaflets and the resources called on to make claims about the nature of OA and its management. Results Biomedical discourse of OA as a joint disease dominated. Only one leaflet included an illness discourse albeit limited, and was also the only one to feature patient experiences of living with OA. The leaflets had different views on the causes of OA including the role of lifestyle and ageing. Most emphasised patient responsibility for preventing the progression of OA. Advice about changing behaviour such as diet and exercise was not grounded in lived experience. There were inconsistent messages about using painkillers, exercise and the need to involve professionals when making changes to lifestyle. Conclusion The nature of the discourse impacted on how OA and the respective roles of patients and professionals were depicted. Limited discourse on illness meant that the complexity of living with OA and its consequences was underestimated. Written information needs to shift from joint biology to helping patients live with osteoarthritis. Written information should incorporate patient experience and value it alongside biomedical knowledge.

Grime, Janet C; Ong, Bie Nio

2007-01-01

118

Managing victim status in group therapy for men: a discourse analysis.  

PubMed

In contrast to the abundance of research on women victims, this article sheds light on the discourse of men who are self-identified as victims of their female partners' abuse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the most salient identity constructions and abuse conceptualizations among participants of group psychotherapy for men who have been abused in intimate, heterosexual partner relationships (i.e., Calgary Counselling Centre's 14-week group program titled "A Turn for the Better"). The men's identity work was examined using the methods and theoretical perspective of discourse analysis. Analysis of the talk demonstrated that the group agenda was to work through the ambiguity of abuse in the service of having the men identify themselves as victims. Thus, both the men and the group facilitators actively constructed "true victim" subject positions through their resistance to commonsense orientations of (a) "men as perpetrators" and (b) whether abuse consisted of more than physical violence. The therapeutic language of resistance was a common strategy used to manage victim status but also required further negotiation as it entailed a component of abuse (i.e., risked positioning the men as abusers rather than victims). The discussion focuses on how these findings may differ from the identity work present in women victim therapeutic groups. In addition, we note that it is difficult to uphold the victim-versus-perpetrator dichotomy in therapeutic discourse. PMID:21282127

Zverina, Michaela; Stam, Henderikus J; Babins-Wagner, Robbie

2011-01-30

119

Industrial relations reform and the occupational transition of Australian workers: a critical discourse analysis.  

PubMed

The 2005 WorkChoices legislation delivered a significant diminution of Australian workers' rights in the form of choice and control over numerous aspects of working life. WorkChoices extended previous neoliberal reforms and consolidated the negative impacts of those reforms on marginalized groups of workers, especially those in precarious employment. This paper reports on the findings of an occupational science-based, critical discourse analysis of a government newspaper advertisement that promotes the reforms. The construction of a WorkChoices discourse, one that was based on and sought to extend neoliberal hegemony, is identified by exploring the ways that particular ideas are presented as natural and mutually beneficial and, in response, the development of a counter-hegemonic argument, based on occupational justice theory, is discussed. The broader application of critical social research is also recommended in extending the occupational justice paradigm. PMID:19478412

Lo Bartolo, Luciano; Sheahan, Marie

2009-01-01

120

Retrospective Analysis of Communication Events - Understanding the Dynamics of Collaborative Multi-Party Discourse  

SciTech Connect

This research is aimed at understanding the dynamics of collaborative multi-party discourse across multiple communication modalities. Before we can truly make sig-nificant strides in devising collaborative communication systems, there is a need to understand how typical users utilize com-putationally supported communications mechanisms such as email, instant mes-saging, video conferencing, chat rooms, etc., both singularly and in conjunction with traditional means of communication such as face-to-face meetings, telephone calls and postal mail. Attempting to un-derstand an individual’s communications profile with access to only a single modal-ity is challenging at best and often futile. Here, we discuss the development of RACE – Retrospective Analysis of Com-munications Events – a test-bed prototype to investigate issues relating to multi-modal multi-party discourse.

Cowell, Andrew J.; Haack, Jereme N.; McColgin, Dave W.

2006-06-08

121

Accounting for Accountability: A Discourse Analysis of Psychiatric Nurses' Experience of a Patient Suicide  

PubMed Central

Whilst the experience of a patient suicide is likely to have a significant impact upon the nurses who had been providing care, little work has actually explored this experience in any depth. In this article we explore how two psychiatric nurses construct and orient to accountability when talking of their experiences of a patient suicide. Discourse analysis was used to explore particular phases that the nurses oriented to in their accounts: scene setting; risk assessment; attributing for the suicide. Findings highlight the different, sometimes contradictory, ways the nurses attended to interactional concerns relating to implicit accountability and potential inferences of blame. Analysis of the nurses’ talk can make a valuable contribution to understanding the nature and the impact of ‘accountability’ in a mental health setting and so help nurses and other professionals gain an insight into their practice. The results from this study suggest that as a consequence of internalising fundamentally unrealisable expectations regarding suicide prevention, nurses can hold themselves to blame raising significant concerns around their needs in terms of support, which may not be recognised. This paper also makes a valuable contribution to our methodological understanding and the value of using discourse analysis in this setting.

Robertson, Maggie; Paterson, Brodie; Lauder, Billy; Fenton, Rosemary; Gavin, John

2010-01-01

122

Public relations and strategic issues management challenges in Venezuela: A discourse analysis of Crystallex International Corporation in Las Cristinas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation, using critical discourse analysis (CDA), seeks to develop an understanding of strategic issues management through Crystallex International Corporation’s discursive construction and management of legitimacy in the Las Cristinas mine in Venezuela. This analysis of the Las Cristinas case unearths elements that could provide useful insights about the Latin American environment in general and public relations efforts in that

Karina Peñaloza de Brooks; Damion Waymer

2009-01-01

123

Representing protection action in an ecotourism setting: a critical discourse analysis of visitors' books at a Greek reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of a protection scheme is central to ecotourism. Drawing upon the theoretical framework of critical discourse analysis, the present study accounts for the way protection action is represented in visitors' books at a Greek reserve (Dadia forest). Specifically, proceeding to content analysis and considering a wide range of linguistic features (vocabulary, syntax, ergativity, aspect, and temporal and illocutionary

Anastasia G. Stamou; Stephanos Paraskevopoulos

2008-01-01

124

Constructing Teaching and Research Relations from the Top: An Analysis of Senior Manager Discourses on Research-Led Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To show how research and teaching, core academic activities are discursively shaped through policy discussion we critically identify and examine the institutional effects of senior academics' discourses on research-led teaching. The analysis sheds light on the interrelationship between university policy and the powerful and productive effects of…

Mayson, Susan; Schapper, Jan

2012-01-01

125

The framing of Calvin Klein: A frame analysis of media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans advertising campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein jeans campaign which media critics characterized as “kiddie porn.” Though media placement of the campaign was limited, mainstream media reports of the nascent controversy surrounding the campaign brought it into the national spotlight. A frame analysis is used to deconstruct the kiddie?porn media frame which the industry and

Lauren R. Tucker

1998-01-01

126

Understanding the new management ideology: a transdisciplinary contribution from critical discourse analysis and new sociology of capitalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim in this article is to explore how one might approach the language of new capitalism working in a transdisciplinary way, bringing together new sociology of capitalism (Chiapello) and critical discourse analysis (Fairclough). We focus upon `new management ideology', and in particular on a recent book by a highly influential management `guru' (Rosabeth Moss Kanter). The article begins with

Eve Chiapello; Norman Fairclough

2002-01-01

127

Islamists in the Headlines: Critical Discourse Analysis of the Representation of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egyptian Newspapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines how Islamists are socially, discursively and linguistically represented in the Egyptian newspaper "al-Ahram." The main question of this study is what would the Egyptian government do to halt the Brothers' political growth and potential threat? To answer this question, the study uses Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to examine…

Pasha, Talaat

2011-01-01

128

How nurses understand and care for older people with delirium in the acute hospital: a Critical Discourse Analysis.  

PubMed

Delirium is a common presentation of deteriorating health in older people. It is potentially deleterious in terms of patient experience and clinical outcomes. Much of what is known about delirium is through positivist research, which forms the evidence base for disease-based classification systems and clinical guidelines. There is little systematic study of nurses' day-to-day practice of nursing patients with delirium. The aim was to uncover the kinds of knowledge that informs nurses' care and to explicate the basis of that knowledge. Critical Discourse Analysis is underpinned by the premise that powerful interests within society mediate how social practices are constructed. Links were made between the grammatical and lexical features of nurses' language about care in interviews and naturalistic settings, and the healthcare context. Care focused on the continuous surveillance of patients with delirium by nurses themselves or vicariously through other patients, and containment. Nurses influenced by major discourses of risk reduction and safety, constructed patients with delirium as risk objects. The philosophy of person-centred and dignified care advocated in nursing literature and government policy is an emerging discourse, though little evident in the data. The current dominant discourses on safety must give space to discourses of dignity and compassion. PMID:22530864

Schofield, Irene; Tolson, Debbie; Fleming, Valerie

2011-07-12

129

Analysis of narrative discourse structure as an ecologically relevant measure of executive function in adults.  

PubMed

This study examined the narrative discourse production and executive function (EF) abilities of 46 neuro-typical adults (18-98 years old). Two questions were addressed: Is the analysis of narrative structure sensitive to changes associated with aging? & What is the relationship between measures of narrative structure and EF? Narratives were elicited under two conditions and narrative structure was analyzed for the presence of organizing story grammar elements. Narrative structure was significantly correlated with age as well as linguistic and non-linguistic measures of EF. Factor analysis of story structure and EF variables yielded two factors reflecting constructs of output-fluidity and organizational-efficiency. These data suggest that narrative structure and EF represent aspects of goal-directed knowledge that are not bound by a traditional linguistic and non-linguistic division. Thus, narrative structure may represent a global and ecologically valid measure of goal-directed executive function knowledge that is also sensitive to changes associated with typical aging. PMID:23192423

Cannizzaro, Michael S; Coelho, Carl A

2013-12-01

130

General practitioners' perspectives of education and collaboration with physiotherapists in Primary Health Care: a discourse analysis.  

PubMed

This paper explores the educational factors that underlie the poor collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists (PTs) in Primary Health Care (PHC), from the GP's perspective. This study was conducted in Majorca, the Balearic Islands (Spain). Participants were nine GPs who graduated from different universities in mainland Spain. A discourse analysis study was developed employing the social-critical paradigm as theoretical framework and in-depth interviews for data collection. The perceived lack of knowledge about physiotherapy was considered by the interviewees as a major factor in the current poor communication between GPs and PTs. The individual learning during medical studies and poor interprofessional learning during clinical residency influenced their gatekeeper role, putting at risk the equity of the health system. Collaboration was considered beneficial for patients but challenging to improve in context due to multiple factors ranging from individual to systemic. The latter encompasses inadequate resources and organization for interprofessional learning. There is a need to further explore other factors influencing the poor collaboration, including PTs' views on this process. PMID:23627805

Paz-Lourido, Berta; Kuisma, Raija M E

2013-05-01

131

'I just want to be normal': An analysis of discourses of normality among recovering heroin users.  

PubMed

Research that has explored the lives of men and women recovering from heroin addiction has reported that users often claim that they 'just want to be normal'. Working within a Foucauldian tradition, we argue in this article that the notions of 'governmentality' and the 'norm' are especially apposite to understanding the ubiquity of this aspiration. Here we focus not on the formal institutions of governance that encourage individuals to adhere to social, cultural and political norms, but rather seek to explore recovering users' accounts of normality as they are envisaged and expressed. The reported empirical data were generated from interviews with 40 men and women in England at various stages of recovery from heroin use. The analytic focus is upon the accounts of normality articulated during the interviews in order to identify the ways in which being normal is presented by the participants. In keeping with the methodological tradition of discourse analysis we identify six discursive repertoires of 'normality talk' that transcend the accounts. It is concluded that the negotiation of normality is a precarious route for this social group. Articulations of a desire to be normal are replete with tensions; there are expressions of both resistance and resignation. Despite claims by some contemporary social theorists that diversity is the 'new normality', the accepted bounds of 'difference' are limited for those who have been addicted to heroin. PMID:22763795

Nettleton, Sarah; Neale, Joanne; Pickering, Lucy

2012-07-04

132

Reproducing social inequality and unequal treatment in the National Health Information Infrastructure: a discourse analysis of Institute of Medicine executive summaries.  

PubMed

This research analyzes how discourse constituting the currently proposed National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) may reproduce existing social inequality in healthcare. Textually oriented critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistics methods compare 3 executive summaries from the Institute of Medicine reports: the Quality Chasm and Insuring Health series, and the stand-alone report Unequal Treatment. These methods proved effective in studying the social action of language used in those summaries and will be useful in studying a larger corpus of discourse constituting the NHII. Further research will provide information to prevent or mitigate the reproduction of social inequality in healthcare through the proposed NHII. PMID:19707088

Trigg, Lisa J

133

Ideological collocation and the recontexualization of Wahhabi-Saudi Islam post-9\\/11: A synergy of corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposes what is termed a ‘methodological synergy’ (Baker et al., 2008) of corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis (CDA) for exploring how clashing ideologies have been actualized at collocation level across opposing discourses on Wahhabi-Saudi Islam\\/Wahhabism since 9\\/11. The discursive competition over Wahhabi-Saudi Islam reached a new extreme in the USA, when the 9\\/11 attacks called attention to

Amir H. Y. Salama

2011-01-01

134

The role of Game Discourse Analysis and curiosity in creating engaging and effective serious games by implementing a back story and foreshadowing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A challenge for serious games designers is to integrate learning with entertainment. For this purpose, the generation of curiosity using the foreshadowing\\/back story technique is promising. To implement this technique we propose the Game Discourse Analysis (GDA) which discerns between information flow (i.e. the sequence of information elements in a chronological order) and game discourse (i.e. the manipulation of the

Pieter Wouters; Herre van Oostendorp; Rudy Boonekamp; Erik van der Spek

2011-01-01

135

Established and recent policy arrangements for river management in The Netherlands: an analysis of discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

After water levels in The Netherlands reached a near-critical level in 1995, a new discourse for managing the lower Rhine basin was introduced into debates about river management. This discourse, called `Room for the river¿, introduces a new management strategy in which the river is given more room (i.e. land adjacent to the main course of the river is made

Irene Immink

2005-01-01

136

Discourse Analysis and the Testing of Reading Comprehension by Cloze Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The discourse cloze, an alternative cloze procedure, is described. It is argued that in the regular cloze procedure many of the words can be supplied from the "micro" context, and thus the regular cloze is not necessarily a test of reading comprehension on the "macro" level. In the discourse cloze approach, all words deleted from a passage of…

Levenston, E.A.; And Others

137

Plan Recognition and Discourse Analysis: An Integrated Approach for Understanding Dialogues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One promising computational approach to understanding dialogues has involved modeling the goals of the speakers in the domain of discourse. In general, these models work well as long as the topic follows the goal structure closely, but they have difficult...

D. J. Litman

1985-01-01

138

The world as the new local clinic: a critical analysis of three discourses of global medical competency.  

PubMed

The effects of globalization on health are the focus of administrators, educators, policy makers and researchers as they work to consider how best to train and regulate health professionals to practice in a globalized world. This study explores what happens to constructs such as medical competence when the context of medical practice is discursively expanded to include the whole world. An archive of texts was assembled (1970-2011) totaling 1100 items and analyzed using a governmentality approach. Texts were included that articulated rationales for pursuing global education activities, and/or that implicitly or explicitly took a position on medical competencies in relation to practicing medicine in international or culturally diverse contexts, or in dealing with health issues as global concerns. The analysis revealed three distinct visions, representative of a primarily western mentality, for preparing physicians to practice in a globalized world: the universal global physician, the culturally versed global physician and the global physician advocate. Each has its own epistemological relationship to globalization and is supported by an evidence base. All three discourses are active and productive, sometimes within the same context. However, the discourse of the universal global physician is currently the most established. The challenge to policy makers and educators in evolving regulatory frameworks and curricula that are current and relevant necessitates a better understanding of the socio-political effects of globalization on medical education, and the ethical, political, cultural and scientific issues underlying efforts to prepare students to practice competently in a globalized world. PMID:23631776

Martimianakis, Maria Athina Tina; Hafferty, Frederic W

2013-03-16

139

The Art of Prophecy: Interpretive Analysis, Academic Discourse, and Expository Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that while competence in interpretive analysis is a commonly acknowledged goal of a college education, it is rarely explicitly addressed in the curriculum. Notes that because interpretive analysis makes specific cognitive and generic demands on writers, expository writing students would benefit from both theoretical and practical training…

Ganter, Granville

2001-01-01

140

Professional Mathematics Teacher Identity: Analysis of Reflective Narratives from Discourses and Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the methodological use of reflective narratives from discourses and activities of an experienced primary teacher as evidence of her professional identity. The teacher's reflective narratives emerge from her participation in a 3-year developmental and research project, Learning Communities in Mathematics, conducted at the…

Bjuland, Raymond; Cestari, Maria Luiza; Borgersen, Hans Erik

2012-01-01

141

Semio-Pragmatic Analysis of Cartoons Discourse: A Step towards Semiotranslation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary concern of this study is to explore the subtle implications of the "Semiotranslation Approach vis-a-vis" analyzing the semiotic elements of discourse in Jordanian cartoons as creative artistic texts in which various signs manifest simultaneous interaction, thus achieving both entertainment and purposeful satire. Therefore, the…

AlBzour, Naser Naif

2011-01-01

142

Pedagogising Poverty Alleviation: A Discourse Analysis of Educational and Social Policies in Argentina and Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the past decades international organisations and governments have promoted and implemented analogous education policies on the grounds that education is the key factor to foster development and fight poverty. This article sets the context of these educational programmes and analyses their discourse on poverty in Argentina and Chile. Then, it…

Rambla, Xavier; Veger, Antoni

2009-01-01

143

Structural Characteristics of Computer-Mediated Language: A Comparative Analysis of InterChange Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares one form of synchronous computer-mediated communication, Daedalus InterChange, with analogous spoken and written corpora. Finds that the InterChange discourse mode is not merely intermediate between speaking and writing; rather the electronic medium uniquely fosters some behaviors and inhibits others, in support of the view that physical…

Ko, Kwang-Kyu

1996-01-01

144

The Analysis of Classroom Discourse: Elementary School Science Curricula Advancing Reasoning With Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students' ability to participate in scientific discourse and to appropriately use empirical evidence to support beliefs or conclusions has been consistently stated as a core goal of science education. In the present study, we analyzed the quality of scientific reasoning in elementary school science classrooms, using the Evidence-Based Reasoning (EBR) Video Framework (see Furtak, Hardy, Beinbrech, Shavelson, & Shemwell, this

Ilonca Hardy; Birgit Kloetzer; Kornelia Moeller; Beate Sodian

2010-01-01

145

Identification and Disidentification in Organizational Discourse: A Metaphor Analysis of E-Mail Communication at Enron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project is situated within the interpretive tradition in organizational communication research, focusing on organizational discourse. It goes further by bringing the discussion into the 21st century through examining how communication technology--specifically e-mail--plays a role in the linguistic practices that help create, maintain and…

Turnage, Anna K.

2010-01-01

146

Word and Image: An Analysis of Sir Joshua Reynolds's Discourses on Art  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sir Joshua Reynolds's fifteen Discourses on Art seem to be the ultimate vindication of the English painter's right to autonomy - to the independence of a national tradition divorced from the tenets of literary criticism. However, this vindication is merely symbolic, for the fundamental paradox of writing about painting was exacerbated by the eighteenth-century insistence on associating painting with mechanism

Marianne Theresia Andres

1991-01-01

147

Conceptual change cum discourse analysis: Towards an integrative perspective on learning in science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Illustrates how a well-designed curriculum can lead students to construct an unwanted conception. Concludes that the conceptual-change-cum-discourse perspective has the potential to integrate the affordances of both methodological approaches and past empirical accomplishments. Contains 33 references.

Duit, Reinders; Roth, Wolff-Michael; Komorek, Michael; Wilbers, Jens

2006-05-23

148

Frames, Content Organization, and Themes in Student Expository Essays: An Analysis of Discourse Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the relationship between writers' knowledge of expository frames--conventions accepted by both writers and readers in association with a particular type of discourse--and writing skill, 60 persuasive essays were analyzed for content organization. The essays, evaluated as either above average or average on a high school writing…

Hult, Christine A.

149

Citizenship and Citizenship Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Zimbabwe Presidential Commission Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational discourse, like other fields, is not neutral. Through policy documents it has ideological functions of transmitting dominant cultures and serving certain sectional interest groups. In Zimbabwe 1998 was characterized by radical political discontent as witnessed by a rise in student activism and the formation of the main political…

Sigauke, Aaron T.

2011-01-01

150

Earning One's Inheritance: Rhetorical Criticism, Everyday Talk, and the Analysis of Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes a transcribed speech in which an African American community member engaged a panel of school board officials on the topic of racial stereotypes in an elementary school science experiment. Concludes that the force of public discourse may reside less in a speaker's ability to persuade an audience than in an audience's willingness to recycle…

McCormick, Samuel

2003-01-01

151

Evaluating the Talking Cure: The Contribution of Narrative, Discourse, and Conversation Analysis to Psychotherapy Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws upon an extensive review of narrative, discourse, and conversation analyses of psychotherapy in order to outline, critically discuss, and evaluate claims made by these studies regarding the usefulness of these approaches for psychotherapy assessment. These analytic approaches are seen as compatible with the emphasis on language and meaning that characterises much of contemporary therapy theory. The claims

Eugenie Georgaca; Evrinomy Avdi

2009-01-01

152

Sustainability and the human\\/nature connection: a critical discourse analysis of being “symbolically” sustainable  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental sustainability as a social and marketing discourse has gathered momentum since the 1990s, forcing companies and consumers to consider how to apprehend this shift. However, this has proved to be challenging, given that sustainability itself remains a fuzzy concept. This paper argues that this fuzziness resides in the impetus for sustainability itself, suggesting that our concern for the environment

He?le?ne de Burgh-Woodman; Dylan King

2012-01-01

153

Semio-Pragmatic Analysis of Cartoons Discourse: A Step towards Semiotranslation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary concern of this study is to explore the subtle implications of the "Semiotranslation Approach vis-a-vis" analyzing the semiotic elements of discourse in Jordanian cartoons as creative artistic texts in which various signs manifest simultaneous interaction, thus achieving both entertainment and purposeful satire. Therefore, the…

AlBzour, Naser Naif

2011-01-01

154

Analysis of Student-Instructor Interaction Patterns in Real-Time, Scientific Online Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The characteristics of the online environment alter how students and instructors interact. Scientific discourse among students and instructors in an online text-only synchronous environment was analyzed. In converting dialogue to text, many of the nonverbal cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which instructors use to gauge student…

Epp, Erik M.; Green, Kellie F.; Rahman, Aliya M.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

2010-01-01

155

Construction of Taliban Image in Pakistan: Discourse Analysis of Editorials of Dawn and The News  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research study is to investigate as to how the image of Taliban is being constructed in the print media discourses. In the last couple of years, media in Pakistan widely covered the involvement of Taliban, fanning extremism in Pakistan, which, at present, forms a frame of reference in national context. The media coverage shows that the

Shaista Malik; Zafar Iqbal

2009-01-01

156

In the shadow of a new smoke free policy: A discourse analysis of health care providers' engagement in tobacco control in community mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of tobacco use among individuals with mental illness remains a serious public health concern. Tobacco control has received little attention in community mental health despite the fact that many individuals with mental illness are heavy smokers and experience undue tobacco-related health consequences. METHODS: This qualitative study used methods of discourse analysis to examine the perceptions of health

Joy L. Johnson; Barbara M. Moffat; Leslie A. Malchy

2010-01-01

157

Whose Education Policies in Aid-Receiving Countries? A Critical Discourse Analysis of Quality and Normative Transfer through Cambodia and Laos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical discourse analysis of policy contexts and documents has been employed in this research to analyze the role of language in promoting normative positions affecting the quality of education in Cambodia and Laos. The article examines the ways institutional normative influences at multiple levels within the Education for All (EFA) program…

McCormick, Alexandra

2012-01-01

158

The Power of the Press: A Content and Discourse Analysis of the United States History Standards as Presented in Selected Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses ethnographic content and critical discourse analytic methodologies to examine how the voluntary national U.S. history standards contained in National Standards for United States History: Exploring the American Experience were presented in selected U.S. newspapers. Our analysis indicates that most newspapers presented a fragmented picture of the history standards, that criticism of the standards was highlighted, and that

Theresa Johnson; Patricia G. Avery

1999-01-01

159

Whose Education Policies in Aid-Receiving Countries? A Critical Discourse Analysis of Quality and Normative Transfer through Cambodia and Laos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical discourse analysis of policy contexts and documents has been employed in this research to analyze the role of language in promoting normative positions affecting the quality of education in Cambodia and Laos. The article examines the ways institutional normative influences at multiple levels within the Education for All (EFA) program have…

McCormick, Alexandra

2012-01-01

160

The Challenges of Contrastive Discourse Analysis: Reflecting on a Study into the Influence of English on Students' Written Spanish on a Bilingual Education Program in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses challenges involved in contrastive discourse analysis that emerged while carrying out a follow-up study into a Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) program in Spain. Reversing the focus on English of much contrastive rhetoric work, the study investigates the effect of second-language-English on…

Maxwell-Reid, Corinne

2011-01-01

161

Innocent Victims, Fighter Cells, and White Uncles: A Discourse Analysis of Children's Books about AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we examine a set of 26 children's books on HIV/AIDS published between 1989-1999 to identify the ways in which these texts construct HIV/AIDS and people living with HIV/AIDS. We explore how this marginalized group is depicted in these books, and how well-meaning teachers may in fact be reproducing dominant discourses about HIV/AIDS…

Blumenreich, Megan; Siegel, Marjorie

2006-01-01

162

Exploring news media representations of women’s exercise and subjectivity through critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of media work from a critical perspective being established, much is to be learned about how women’s exercise is (re)presented within news media discourses and the implications for women’s health promotion. Health promotion researchers need to further consider the media environment in which health-related meanings are constructed and compete. Building on media research from a critical perspective,

Kerry R. McGannon; John C. Spence

2012-01-01

163

Cowboy and misanthrope: a critical (discourse) analysis of Bush and bin Laden cartoons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article investigates the political cartoon construction of two major `players' on the contemporary political stage, and the semio-linguistic and visual rhetorical tools used to achieve this construction, through an analysis of semiotic-discursive aspects of a small corpus of political cartoons in English and Arabic, all about the two `players' — George W. Bush and Osama bin Laden — in

Bahaa-Eddin M. Mazid

2008-01-01

164

Flowing Toward Correct Contributions During Group Problem Solving: A Statistical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groups that created more correct ideas (correct contributions or CCs) might be more likely to solve a problem, and students' recent actions (micro-time context) might aid CC creation. 80 high school students worked in groups of 4 on an algebra problem. Groups with higher mathematics grades or more CCs were more likely to solve the problem. Dynamic multilevel analysis statistically

Ming Ming Chiu

2008-01-01

165

Discourse analysis of logical memory recall in normal aging and in dementia of the Alzheimer type  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the nature of errors in prose recall made in dementia compared with normal aging. Responses by 48 young adults, 47 nondemented older adults, and 70 people with very mild or mild Alzheimer's disease to the Logical Memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale were examined in a propositional analysis. Compared with young adults, healthy older adults showed

David K. Johnson; Martha Storandt; David A. Balota

2003-01-01

166

The Discourse of Retrospective Miscue Analysis: Links with Adult Learning Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the appropriateness of retrospective miscue analysis (RMA) for post-secondary developmental readers through the perspective of adult learning theory. Emphasizes the suitability of RMA as an instructional strategy for college readers through analyzing the process and effectiveness of two RMA sessions with a young adult college…

Paulson, Eric

2001-01-01

167

The Main Concept Analysis in Cantonese Aphasic Oral Discourse: External Validation and Monitoring Chronic Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The 1st aim of this study was to further establish the external validity of the main concept (MC) analysis by examining its relationship with the Cantonese Linguistic Communication Measure (CLCM; Kong, 2006; Kong & Law, 2004)--an established quantitative system for narrative production--and the Cantonese version of the Western Aphasia…

Kong, Anthony Pak-Hin

2011-01-01

168

An analysis of the public discourse about urban sprawl in the United ...  

Treesearch

... analysis of public discussion contained in the news media from 1995-2001. ... space and traffic problems has increased since 1995 as a share of all sprawl concerns. ... change in public attitudes about a wide range of social issues over time.

169

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper…

Hill, Steven G.; Cable, Ted T.; Scott, David

2010-01-01

170

Measuring Discourse-Level Processes with Verbal Protocols and Latent Semantic Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study used latent semantic analysis (LSA) to analyze verbal protocols that were collected while participants read expository passages. In the study, participants were asked to type their thoughts after reading each sentence of 2 scientific texts. The semantic similarity between the protocols and the current sentence and prior causal…

Millis, Keith; Magliano, Joseph; Todaro, Stacey

2006-01-01

171

Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

PETER TEO

2000-01-01

172

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper…

Hill, Steven G.; Cable, Ted T.; Scott, David

2010-01-01

173

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper articles dealing with birding, an increasingly popular form of

Steven G. Hill; Ted T. Cable; David Scott

2010-01-01

174

Professional caregivers' work with the dying in nursing homes - a Foucault-inspired analysis of discourses in the last decade in a Danish context.  

PubMed

International studies on the death of elderly nursing home residents show the complexity in the understanding of the professionals who care for the dying. The aim of this study is to explore the discourses about professional caregivers caring for those dying in Denmark in the last decade. A discourse analysis inspired by Foucault was constructed. The material consists of different source documents: research articles, newspaper articles, theses, books, websites - 35 sources in total. There are constructed six positions of speech, five discourses and three themes: (1) 'the work of the professional caregivers - a complex low-status work'; (2) 'the education of the professionals - the way to ensure a good death or possessing the right qualifications' and (3) 'the vulnerable professionals'. The study concludes that an economical/political discourse is dominating and sets up the frames within which the professionals care for dying residents, although the medical, the social/critical and the religious discourses attempt to speak against it. All positions articulate that the professional caregivers' job has a low status and that it is not possible to provide an optimal care due to lack of time, resources and education. Psychical or mental demands make the professionals vulnerable. The meaning of optimal care varies according to the positions of speech. PMID:23336738

Nielsen, Karen T; Glasdam, Stinne

2013-01-22

175

Pedagogic discourse in introductory classes: Multi-dimensional analysis of textbooks and lectures in biology and macroeconomics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The broad goal of this study is to represent the linguistic variation of textbooks and lectures, the primary input for student learning---and sometimes the sole input in the large introductory classes which characterize General Education at many state universities. Computer techniques are used to analyze a corpus of textbooks and lectures from first-year university classes in macroeconomics and biology. These spoken and written variants are compared to each other as well as to benchmark texts from other multi-dimensional studies in order to examine their patterns, relations, and functions. A corpus consisting of 147,000 words was created from macroeconomics and biology lectures at a medium-large state university and from a set of nationally "best-selling" textbooks used in these same introductory survey courses. The corpus was analyzed using multi-dimensional methodology (Biber, 1988). The analysis consists of both empirical and qualitative phases. Quantitative analyses are undertaken on the linguistic features, their patterns of co-occurrence, and on the contextual elements of classrooms and textbooks. The contextual analysis is used to functionally interpret the statistical patterns of co-occurrence along five dimensions of textual variation, demonstrating patterns of difference and similarity with reference to text excerpts. Results of the analysis suggest that academic discourse is far from monolithic. Pedagogic discourse in introductory classes varies by modality and discipline, but not always in the directions expected. In the present study the most abstract texts were biology lectures---more abstract than written genres of academic prose and more abstract than introductory textbooks. Academic lectures in both disciplines, monologues which carry a heavy informational load, were extremely interactive, more like conversation than academic prose. A third finding suggests that introductory survey textbooks differ from those used in upper division classes by being relatively less marked for information density, abstraction, and non-overt argumentation. In addition to the findings mentioned here, numerous other relationships among the texts exhibit complex patterns of variation related to a number of situational variables. Pedagogical implications are discussed in relation to General Education courses, differing student populations, and the reading and listening demands which students encounter in large introductory classes in the university.

Carkin, Susan

176

Analysis of Student-Instructor Interaction Patterns in Real-Time, Scientific Online Discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The characteristics of the online environment alter how students and instructors interact. Scientific discourse among students and instructors in an online text-only synchronous environment was analyzed. In converting dialogue to text, many of the nonverbal cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which instructors use to gauge student understanding are lost. The participants adapt their communication style to the medium, and we present a new interaction pattern for student-instructor communication found prevalent in the synchronous, text-only, online environment. This study has implications for instructors who use synchronous, text-based communication for their courses, namely the value of posing additional questions from the instructor to verify student understanding.

Epp, Erik M.; Green, Kellie F.; Rahman, Aliya M.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

2010-02-01

177

Discourse: Definitions and contradictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the question “What is ‘discourse?’ “ as the starting point, this paper addresses ways of identifying particular discourses, and attends to how these discourses should be distinguished from texts. The emergence of discourse analysis within psychology, and the continuing influence of linguistic and post?structuralist ideas on practitioners, provide the basis on which discourse?analytic research can be developed fruitfully. This

Ian Parker

1990-01-01

178

A causal analysis relating previous achievement, attitudes, discourse, and intervention to achievement in biology and chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study described the relationship of 38 variates to achievement in high school biology and chemistry classes. Forty-four teachers prepared audio tape recordings of discussions throughout a nine-month period. Equal-sized groups received treatment consisting of wait time feedback and/or supportive intervention, a form of peer coaching. Other variables were initial measures, which included the variates of class size and previous science grade, pre- and posttest scores on student attitudes and perceptions, and prediscourse and discourse analyses, which included the variates of wait times, actions, and response durations. While previous research has shown that wait time feedback and supportive intervention are effective means of changing teacher behavior, the results of the present study revealed that previous student achievement and the attitudes of students accounted for 70% of the variation in the final examination scores (New York State Regents) on the basis of only the first three weeks of data collection on the variables assessed. Generally, little emphasis on higher-level thinking, wait time, or problem solving was found at the beginning of the school year, and only minimal changes resulted from the application of the treatment variables. Pressures for content coverage and preparation for externally imposed statewide examinations that emphasize memory-level learning augured against the changes that the independent variables were designed to produce.

Gooding, C. Thomas; Swift, J. Nathan; Schell, Robert E.; Swift, Patricia R.; McCroskery, James H.

179

A historical discourse analysis of the cancerous and non-cancerous body in secondary biology textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation applies the archeological concepts developed by Michel Foucault to a study of thirteen biology textbooks (1993-2004) in order to develop an understanding of 'purchased truths' concerning cancer. This study focuses on the construction of the health/illness dialogue concerning cancer within the textbooks and not the meaning that the individual makes from reading the text; as such this study concerns itself with social truths rather than the search for an individual awareness of names, dates, or places. This study investigates the practices that allow the creation of dialogues that are inserted into a biology textbook and looks at how discursive formations create the 'truth regime' from which the biology textbook is said to speak. Using the Foucaultian themes of 'event', 'emergence', 'enunciation', and 'exteriority' a new reading of topics concerning cancer emerge from biology textbooks. Cancer is a disease that will impact the lives of countless individuals but coverage devoted to the pathology of cancer in secondary biology textbooks is very limited and no study textbook devoted a whole chapter to the discussion of cancer. There is an identified reduction in the number of pages and depth of coverage devoted to cancer in the newer biology texts compared to the older texts. Humans are pictured more than plants or animals in presentations concerning cancer with emphasis being placed on the digitalization of human cells via the scanning electron microscope. When the whole body is presented it is seldom located within the technology of disease diagnosis and treatment but rather is posed for specific social control. Just as each digitized picture of the cancerous cell in the texts is used to create a story so too are the pictures of the whole body in action. Possible story lines offered by the publishing houses concerning the reaction of the body to cancer are shown to intermingle with risk factor analysis to project a sense of Foucaultian 'governmentality' based on assumed control and self regulation by the informed reader. In conclusion a procedure is suggested to further analyze additional textbooks concerning biological/educational issues that have been recast as social problems.

Bowers, Neil Thomas

180

Role Models or Normalizing Agents? A Genealogical Analysis of Popular Written News Media Discourse regarding Male Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author examines popular written news media discourse from the United States concerning the "boy crisis," the gender gap, and male teachers as role models employing genealogical methodologies and theoretical concepts suggested by Foucault (1984, 1990, 1995). It is argued that such discourses reveal how "common sense" beliefs…

Sternod, Brandon M.

2011-01-01

181

The Cultural Politics of National Testing and Test Result Release Policy in South Korea: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the ideological construction of educational discourses embedded within the South Korean print media. Significantly, these discourses have recently promoted the resurrection of a sweeping national testing and test results release policy. Through careful examination of the "test plus release" policy, the authors show how the…

Sung, Youl-Kwan; Kang, Mi Ok

2012-01-01

182

Analyses des discours non strictement mathematiques accompagnant des cours de mathematiques (Analysis of Not Strictly Mathematical Discourse in Mathematics Classes).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines discourse, not strictly mathematical, that teachers might adopt in a mathematics class and presents three major functions of such discourse: communication; structuring and labeling; and reflection. Develops lines for further inquiry, notably on the third function, the most likely focus for specific preparation by the teacher. (13…

Robert, Aline

1995-01-01

183

An Analysis of Discourse-Pragmatic and Grammatical Constraints on the Acquisition and Development of Referential Choice in Child English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation investigates how discourse-pragmatics informs children's choice of referential forms. Three studies utilizing naturalistic data examine the role that six discourse-pragmatic features play in the acquisition of referential forms in a non-null subject language, English. The influence of child-directed speech on development is also…

Hughes, Mary E.

2011-01-01

184

A SIMPLE DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. TRANSFORMATIONS AND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS PAPERS, NUMBER 67, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER IS A SIMPLIFIED DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. IT IS NEITHER ASSUMED NOR IMPLIED IN THIS ALGORITHM THAT ANY KIND OF PRIOR ANALYSIS (EITHER STRING OR CONSTITUENT ANALYSIS) IS REQUIRED AS A PREREQUISITE. IN ORDER TO DEFINE THE SET OF ALL TRANSFORMS, THE AUTHORS FIRST DEFINE A…

HIZ, DANUTA; JOSHI, ARAVIND K.

185

A SIMPLE DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. TRANSFORMATIONS AND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS PAPERS, NUMBER 67, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER IS A SIMPLIFIED DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. IT IS NEITHER ASSUMED NOR IMPLIED IN THIS ALGORITHM THAT ANY KIND OF PRIOR ANALYSIS (EITHER STRING OR CONSTITUENT ANALYSIS) IS REQUIRED AS A PREREQUISITE. IN ORDER TO DEFINE THE SET OF ALL TRANSFORMS, THE AUTHORS FIRST DEFINE A…

HIZ, DANUTA; JOSHI, ARAVIND K.

186

The Limits of “The Male Sex Role”An Analysis of the Men's Liberation and Men's Rights Movements' Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some feminists have seen sex role theory as limited, even dangerous; others see it as useful mid-range theory. This article sheds light on this debate through an examination of the discourse of the men's liberation movement of the 1970s. Men's liberation leaders grappled with the paradox of simultaneously acknowledging men's institutional privileges and the costs of masculinity to men. The

MICHAEL A. MESSNER

1998-01-01

187

Teachers in the News: A Critical Analysis of One US Newspaper's Discourse on Education, 2006-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative…

Cohen, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

188

Teachers in the news: a critical analysis of one US newspaper's discourse on education, 2006–2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative professionals at the center of educational reform debates. Mainstream news media is a key

Jennifer L. Cohen

2010-01-01

189

Teachers in the News: A Critical Analysis of One US Newspaper's Discourse on Education, 2006-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative…

Cohen, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

190

Participation in Knowledge-Building Discourse: An Analysis of Online Discussions in Mainstream and Honours Social Studies Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Questions about the suitability of cognitively-oriented instructional approaches for students of different academic levels are frequently raised by teachers and researchers. This study examined student participation in knowledge-building discourse in two implementations of a short inquiry unit focusing on environmental problems. Participants in…

Niu, Hui; van Aalst, Jan

2009-01-01

191

Icelandic Nationalism and the Kyoto Protocol: an Analysis of the Discourse on Global Environmental Change in Iceland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyses the discourse on global environmental change in Iceland in official reports and newspaper discussions around the turn of the millennium. Three competing discursive positions were found. First, Iceland can provide clean energy for the world so that aluminium smelters do not need to burn as much fossil fuels as they would have to do otherwise. Second, Iceland

INGÓlfur Ásgeir Jóhannesson

2005-01-01

192

Shifting Identity Positions in the Development of Language Education for Immigrants: An Analysis of Discourses Associated with "Swedish for Immigrants"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study presented in this paper focuses upon conceptualisations of language and identity in the institutionalised arena that emerged in the post-Second World War period with the specific intention of teaching Swedish to adult immigrants in the nation-state of Sweden. Our analysis focuses upon the development of the educational programme…

Rosen, Jenny Karin; Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta

2013-01-01

193

Computer-Supported Collaborative Inquiry on Buoyancy: A Discourse Analysis Supporting the "Pieces" Position on Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes in detail a conversation analysis of conceptual change in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. Conceptual change is an essential learning process in science education that has yet to be fully understood. While many models and theories have been developed over the last three decades, empirical data to…

Turcotte, Sandrine

2012-01-01

194

Communicating Corporate Ethics on the World Wide WebA Discourse Analysis of Selected Company Web Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation explores how companies communicate their ethical stance on their Web sites. The author analyzed the Web sites of six companies: BellSouth, Lockheed Martin, Ben & Jerry's, McDonald's, Nike, and Levi Strauss. This sample offers both typicality and systematic variety as the six companies belong to three different ethics paradigms. The linguistic analysis of the Web pages draws on

Irene Pollach

2003-01-01

195

Computer-Supported Collaborative Inquiry on Buoyancy: A Discourse Analysis Supporting the "Pieces" Position on Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes in detail a conversation analysis of conceptual change in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. Conceptual change is an essential learning process in science education that has yet to be fully understood. While many models and theories have been developed over the last three decades, empirical data to…

Turcotte, Sandrine

2012-01-01

196

Producing children in the 21st century: A critical discourse analysis of the science and techniques of monitoring early child development.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to identify the implications of commonly held ideologies within theories of child development. Despite critiques to doing so, developmental theory assumes that children's bodies are unitary, natural and material. The recent explosion of neuroscience illustrates the significance of historical, social and cultural contexts to portrayals of brain development, offering the opportunity for a critical departure in thinking. Instead, this neuroscience research has been taken up in ways that align with biomedical traditions and neoliberal values. This article uses a critical discursive approach, supported by Haraway's ideas of technoscience, to analyse a population-based early child development research initiative. This initiative organises a large-scale surveillance of children's development, operating from the premise that risks to development are best captured early to optimise children's potential. The analysis in this article shows an intermingling of health and economic discourses and clarifies how the child is a figure of significant contemporary social and political interests. In a poignant example of technobiopolitics, the collusion between health research, technologies and the state enrols health professionals to participate in the production of children as subjects of social value, figured as human capital, investments in the future, or alternatively, as waste. The analysis shows how practices that participate in what has become a developmental enterprise also participate in the marginalisation of the very children they intend to serve. Hence, there is the need to rethink practices critically and move towards innovative conceptualisations of child development that hold possibilities to resist these figurations. PMID:23345326

Einboden, Rochelle; Rudge, Trudy; Varcoe, Colleen

2013-01-22

197

Social aspects of classroom learning: Results of a discourse analysis in an inquiry-oriented physical chemistry class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engaging students in classroom discourse offers opportunities for students to participate in the construction of joint understandings, to negotiate relationships between different types of evidence, and to practice making evidence-based claims about science content. However, close attention to social aspects of learning is critical to creating inquiry-oriented classroom environments in which students learn with understanding. This study examined the social influences that contribute to classroom learning in an inquiry-oriented undergraduate physical chemistry class using the Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) approach. A qualitative approach to analyzing classroom discourse derived from Toulmin's (1968) model of argumentation was used to document patterns in classroom reasoning that reflect normative aspects of social interaction. Adapting the constructs of social and sociomathematical norms from the work of Yackel and Cobb (1996), I describe social aspects of the classroom environment by discussing normative aspects of social interaction (social norms) and discipline-specific criteria related to reasoning and justification in chemistry contexts, referred to here as sociochemical norms. This work discusses four social norms and two sociochemical norms that were documented over a five-week period of observation in Dr. Black's POGIL physical chemistry class. In small group activities, the socially established expectations that students explain reasoning, negotiate understandings of terminology and symbolic representations, and arrive at a consensus on critical thinking questions shaped small group interactions and reasoning. In whole class discussion, there was an expectation that students share reasoning with the class, and that the instructor provide feedback on student reasoning in ways that extended student contributions and elaborated relationships between macroscopic, particulate, and symbolic-level ideas. The ways in which the class constructed evidence-based claims about chemistry content reflected the influence of sociochemical norms that were enacted through classroom discourse. Two sociochemical norms were documented in both whole class and small group activities: first, the class used particulate-level evidence to make claims about chemical and physical properties; second, particular ways of using mathematical reasoning to justify claims about thermodynamics content became normative for the class. These similarities and differences between social and sociochemical norms in small group and whole class discussion highlight ways in which instructor facilitation can support productive interactions in classroom activities.

Becker, Nicole M.

198

Discourse analysis of newspaper coverage of the 2001/2002 Canterbury, New Zealand mental health nurses' strike.  

PubMed

In late 2001 Canterbury, New Zealand mental health nurses undertook a variety of strike actions after stalled industrial negotiations with the local district health board. One response to these actions was the temporary reduction of many of the regions metal health services. Unsurprisingly, the print media responded by publicizing the crisis in mental health services on an almost daily basis. This paper reports on subsequent research into these print media representations of the industrial disputes, identifying themes of juxtaposed but largely deprecatory images of both mental health nursing and of consumers of services. Some professional nursing voices were given print space during the strike; however, these were largely incorporated into existing discourses rather than offering a nursing viewpoint on the strike. We, therefore, conclude by suggesting organizational efforts to focus on ways of ensuring that mental health nurses are seen as a legitimate authority by the media. PMID:16181156

Farrow, Tony L; O'Brien, Anthony J

2005-09-01

199

Reaching out to people struggling with their lives: a discourse analysis of answers from Internet-based services in Norway and Sweden  

PubMed Central

The Internet has enlarged the scope of human communication, opening new avenues for connecting with people who are struggling with their lives. This article presents a discourse analysis of 101 responses to 98 questions that were posted on 14 different Internet-based mental health services in Norway and Sweden. We aimed to examine and describe the dominant understandings and favored recommendations in the services’ answers, and we reflected upon the social consequences of those answers. The services generally understood life struggles as an abnormal state of mind, life rhythms, or self-reinforcing loops. Internet-based mental health services primarily counsel service users to seek help, talk to health care professionals face-to-face, and discuss their life struggles openly and honestly. They also urge service users to take better care of themselves and socialize with other people. However, such answers might enhance the individualization of life problems, masking social origin and construction. Consequently, the services are challenged to include social explanations in their answers and strengthen their responsibility to amplify peoples’ messages at a societal level. Potentially, such answers could strengthen democratic structures and put pressure on social equity.

Andersen, Anders Johan W; Svensson, Tommy

2012-01-01

200

The medicalisation of 'tall' girls: A discourse analysis of medical literature on the use of synthetic oestrogen to reduce female height.  

PubMed

Endocrine research in the 1930s increased and extended the use of sex hormones as medical therapies in an unprecedented way, especially for female ailments. In the 1950s the therapeutic use of sex hormones extended to the treatment of 'tall' girls. Ambiguity in the definition of the 'tall' girl, the arbitrary nature of the treatment decision, and diversity in the therapeutic regimes highlight the problematic nature of this medical practice. Using linguistic repertoires to study the political and ideological implications found in the patterned use of language, this paper reports on a discourse analysis of the medical literature on treatment of tall girls between the 1950s and 1990s, when this treatment was at its peak. Three linguistic repertoires emerged: the institutional authority of medicine to determine the 'abnormality' of tall stature in females; the clinical knowledge and experience in the diagnosis of medical risk associated with tall stature in women; and using hormones as cosmetic therapy to (re)produce femininity in tall girls. All three related to the maintenance of the cultural representations and social expectations of femininity. With no evidence of psychological harm associated with tall stature in women, and no long-term studies of either effectiveness or benefit, over five decades clinicians persuaded themselves and their patients that tall stature required therapeutic intervention. The treatment of tall girls with high dose oestrogen must be viewed as the medicalisation of a normal physical attribute adversely related to the social construction of gender. PMID:20678835

Rayner, Jo-Anne; Pyett, Priscilla; Astbury, Jill

2010-07-13

201

How far can Foucault take us?: an analysis of the changing discourses and limitations of the medical treatment of apoplexy and stroke.  

PubMed

This article examines the conditions under which epistemological shifts in medicine have shaped the history of apoplexy and stroke. Our intention is to understand how stroke medicine as a distinct branch of bio-medicine has emerged in its current form. In doing so, we draw on aspects of the work of Michel Foucault as they relate to fabrication of biomedical discourses. The past 300 years of the transformation of the condition is examined using Michel Foucault's analysis of medical history as instances of the changing spatialization of disease. While the adoption of this approach helped explain how medical practice was shaped by changing interpretations of the causes of apoplexy and stroke over the past few centuries, we also found that there were certain limitations to such an approach. Overall, however, we hope to show that an examination of the history of stroke medicine through a Foucauldian influenced lens can provide a useful understanding of its current circumstances as well as throw light on gaps in Foucauldian approaches themselves. PMID:21169207

Daneski, Katharine; Higgs, Paul; Morgan, Myfanwy

2010-12-15

202

“I haven't even phoned my doctor yet.” The advice giving role of the pharmacist during consultations for medication review with patients aged 80 or more: qualitative discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To explore the advice giving role of pharmacists during consultation for medication review with patients aged 80 or more.Design Discourse analysis.Setting Participants' homes.Participants Subsample of consultations within a large randomised trial of home medication review among patients aged 80 or more who had been admitted to hospital.Main outcome measures Extent to which advice given by pharmacists was accepted and

Charlotte Salter; Richard Holland; Ian Harvey; Karen Henwood

2007-01-01

203

NIMBY syndrome and public consultation policy: the implications of a discourse analysis of local responses to the establishment of a community mental health facility.  

PubMed

The relocation of mental health services from an institutional to community base in different parts of the UK has witnessed incidents of public opposition in relation to the establishment of community mental health projects. It has been argued that this not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) syndrome is partly a result of the attitudes held by the public towards people with mental health problems. The present paper reports some findings from a study of community attitudes towards individuals with mental health problems in a Scottish community, and discusses their implications for the development of public consultation guidelines with respect to the establishment of community mental health facilities. Discourse analysis was used to explore people's views about individuals with mental health problems. The study examined the ways in which their views were expressed in letters to the local press, and in subsequent discussions and interviews, when arguing for or against a supported accommodation project in their neighbourhood. Participants formulated their arguments around a number of issues which they claimed were of public concern. One of these related to the way in which the project was set up. In particular, participants argued that it had been established without any prior consultation with local people and in circumstances of secrecy. The findings demonstrate that, while consultation is relatively unproblematically defined in terms of its function, the specific nature of consultation is more problematic. The implications of these findings for mental health policy and practice are considered in the light of current official guidelines on public consultation relating to the establishment of community mental health facilities. It is argued that existing guidelines fail to take account of the concerns of local people, and therefore, that any intervention based on such guidelines is likely to be ineffective. It is suggested that the findings of this study will be of interest to policy makers and practitioners seeking to devise future public consultation strategies. PMID:14498834

Cowan, Sue

2003-09-01

204

Discourse-centric learning analytics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on sociocultural discourse analysis and argumentation theory, we motivate a focus on learners' discourse as a promising site for identifying patterns of activity which correspond to meaningful learning and knowledge construction. However, software platforms must gain access to qualitative information about the rhetorical dimensions to discourse contributions to enable such analytics. This is difficult to extract from naturally occurring

Anna De Liddo; Simon Buckingham Shum; Ivana Quinto; Michelle Bachler; Lorella Cannavacciuolo

2011-01-01

205

Mapping Mathematics in Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers a particular analytic method from systemic functional linguistics, "thematic analysis," which reveals the mathematical meaning potentials construed in discourse. Addressing concerns that discourse analysis is too often content-free, thematic analysis provides a way to represent semantic structures of mathematical content,…

Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth A.; Otten, Samuel

2011-01-01

206

`We are Dealing with People Whose Origins One can Clearly Tell Just by Looking': Critical Discourse Analysis and the Study of Neo-Racism in Contemporary Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the discourse of neo-racism towards foreigners in Austria between 1989 and 1991. It summarizes the preliminary results of an ongoing interdisciplinary project, and offers illustrative examples of official discourse (politicians), newspaper texts and anonymous conversations on the street recorded during the Waldheim campaign of 1987 and the Viennese municipal election of 1991. The study suggests that

Ruth Wodak; Bernd Matouschek

1993-01-01

207

Educational Policy-Making in Post-Communist Ukraine as an Example of Emerging Governmentality: Discourse Analysis of Curriculum Choice and Assessment Policy Documents (1999-2003)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational policy-making in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is still building upon the ambivalences and uncertainties of post-communist transformation. The international support, expertise and discourses--coupled with communist legacies, stalled democratic developments and national discourses--produce unique effects on education in…

Fimyar, Olena

2008-01-01

208

Once Upon a Time there was a Nation: Narrative Conceptualization Analysis. The Concept of ‘Nation’ in the Discourse of Israeli Likud Party Leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I claim that some of the miscommunications between political and academic discourse are caused by differences in constructing key concepts. I suggest that, whereas academic discourse tends to use ‘stable concepts’ in which the ‘signifier’ of the concept links constantly with a timeless ‘signified’, politicians tend to use ‘narrative concepts’, which are special signs in which the

Shaul Shenhav

2004-01-01

209

Expanding discourse repertoires with hybridity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In "Hybrid discourse practice and science learning" Kamberelis and Wehunt present a theoretically rich argument about the potential of hybrid discourses for science learning. These discourses draw from different forms of "talk, social practice, and material practices" to create interactions that are "intertextually complex" and "interactionally dynamic." The hybrid discourse practices are described as involving the dynamic interplay of at least three key elements: "the lamination of multiple cultural frames, the shifting relations between people and their discourse, and the shifting power relations between and among people." Each of these elements requires a respective unit of analysis and are often mutually reinforcing. The authors present a theoretically cogent argument for the study of hybrid discourse practices and identify the potential such discourses may have for science education. This theoretical development leads to an analysis of spoken and written discourse around a set of educational events concerning the investigation of owl pellets by two fifth grade students, their classmates, and teacher. Two discourse segments are presented and analyzed by the authors in detail. The first is a discourse analysis of the dissection of the owl pellet by two students, Kyle and Max. The second analysis examines the science report of these same two students. In this article, I pose a number of questions about the study with the hope that by doing so I expand the conversation around the insightful analysis presented.

Kelly, Gregory J.

2012-09-01

210

Identification of quality of life concerns of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea at the time of initiation of continuous positive airway pressure: A discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common condition with multiple symptoms dominated by daytime somnolence. Thus many worries and concerns of patients remain hidden. Treatment by nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can be imposing for the individual. An analysis of the freely expressed concerns of such patients is required. Objective: To seek an in-depth analysis of how

D. Veale; G. Poussin; F. Benes; J.-L. Pepin; P. Levy

2002-01-01

211

A Discourse Approach to Theorising HRD: Opening a Discursive Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how a discourse approach to theorising human resource development (HRD) can open a "discursive space" to challenge dominant discourses within the field; enabling a more critical discourse to emerge. Design/methodology/approach: Discusses two approaches to discourse analysis, a "practice" and a…

Lawless, Aileen; Sambrook, Sally; Garavan, Tom; Valentin, Claire

2011-01-01

212

Making a Difference in the Lives of Young Children: A Critical Analysis of a Pedagogical Discourse for Motivating Young Women to Become Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Findings in this article indicate that training programs use a key pedagogical and ideological discourse of "teachers make a difference" to motivate female early childhood education students to enter and stay in the field. However, research in the area of workforce retention maintains that many graduates are not willing to enter and stay in a…

Langford, Rachel

2008-01-01

213

The discourse of interculturality and its transnational migration: towards a comparative analysis of its appropriation by academic and political actors in the state of Veracruz  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the ways in which social and educational networks are being configured around the actors participating in the increasingly transnational field of intercultural education both at the Universidad Veracruzana Intercultural and the Veracruz State Ministry of Education. It starts by defining the notion of discursive migration as conceptual transformations that occur when particular discourses cross certain national as

Laura Selene Mateos Cortés

2009-01-01

214

A Corpus-Based Analysis of the Discourse Functions of "Ser/Estar" + Adjective in Three Levels of Spanish as FL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the acquisition of Spanish's two copulas, "ser" and "estar," provides an understanding of the interaction among syntax, semantics, pragmatics, morphology, and vocabulary during development (e.g., Geeslin, 2003a, 2003b; Gunterman, 1992; Ryan & Lafford, 1992). Recent research suggests that linguistic features in the surrounding discourse

Collentine, Joe; Asencion-Delaney, Yuly

2010-01-01

215

A Call to Arms at the End of History: A Discourse–Historical Analysis of George W. Bush’s Declaration of War on Terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we take a discourse–historical approach to illustrate the significance of George W. Bush’s (2001) declaration of a ‘war on terror’. We present four exemplary ‘call to arms’ speeches by Pope Urban II (1095), Queen Elizabeth I (1588), Adolf Hitler (1938) and George W. Bush (2001) to exemplify the structure, function, and historical significance of such texts in

Phil Graham; Thomas Keenan; Anne-Maree Dowd

2004-01-01

216

Discourse Cohesion in Sign and Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of discourse cohesion in bilingual children through an analysis of narrative discourses produced by hearing children of deaf parents (HCDP) in both British Sign Language (BSL) and spoken English. Reference mechanisms in both languages are described in the context of recent work on narrative and discourse organization…

Morgan, Gary

2000-01-01

217

How change management is influenced by differences in professional discourses: A preliminary conceptualizing study on the adoption of an ICT tool for service engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the discourse analysis of one intervention moment of an organizational change processes due to technological evolutions. This discourse analysis is part of a qualitative case study and suggests that community-specific differences in discourse may have a considerable influence on the success of this organizational change process. The discrepancy between (change) management discourse and work floor discourse in

Jos Pieterse; Jan Ulijn; Thijs Homan

2010-01-01

218

The discourse of the male gaze: a critical analysis of the feature section 'The beauty of sport' in SA Sports Illustrated  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article demonstrates, through critical analysis, how words and pictures are manip- ulated in 'The beauty of sport', a regular feature section in SA Sports Illustrated (hereafter SASI), to construe images of sportswomen that resonate with female stereotypes shaped by the male gaze. Three stereotypes of women seem to dominate in the media, namely the 'sex object', 'person trying to

Mandie Brandt; Adelia Carstens

2005-01-01

219

Sexy Words, Iconic Phrases and slippery terms - it's all newspaper talk: a theoretical analysis of the language used by the newspaper industry to manifest and perpetuate discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the range of discursive positions adopted by newspapers to perceive issues. Through the application of a theoretical analysis on the commentaries' language, this paper speculates on who profits from the underlying message that is deduced. This paper advocates the need to apply critical thought to apparatuses such as the media, because they seek to establish a particular

Alpesh Maisuria

220

Discourse as Social Interaction. Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The collection of essays on discourse as a form of social interaction includes: "Discourse as Interaction in Society" (Teun A. van Dijk); "Discourse Pragmatics" (Shoshana Blum-Kulka); "Conversation Analysis: An Approach to the Study of Social Action as Sense Making Practices" (Anita Pomerantz, B. J. Fehr); "Institutional Dialogue" (Paul Drew,…

van Dijk, Teun A., Ed.

221

Discourse as Social Interaction. Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of essays on discourse as a form of social interaction includes: "Discourse as Interaction in Society" (Teun A. van Dijk); "Discourse Pragmatics" (Shoshana Blum-Kulka); "Conversation Analysis: An Approach to the Study of Social Action as Sense Making Practices" (Anita Pomerantz, B. J. Fehr); "Institutional Dialogue" (Paul Drew,…

van Dijk, Teun A., Ed.

222

A textual enactment of community: On discourse analysis, the news media and a social housing project in Tunisia in the 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regimes like the post-colonial Tunisian government have often been qualified as ‘neo-patriarchal’ with little analysis of actual state practices. Focusing on a specific aspect of government policy in the 1990s in Tunisia, the present article examines a housing programme which removed over a thousand families from unsafe housing in old central neighbourhoods of Tunis to new estates on the western

Justin Mcguinness

2005-01-01

223

Talking in the Ranks: Gender and Military Discourse.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This interactional sociolinguistic study of military discourse applies the techniques of discourse analysis to the audio-recorded interactions of six Air Force officers. For cross-gender comparison, a male and female Wing Commander, Squadron Commander and...

E. A. Disler

2005-01-01

224

Discourse and manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Manipulation’ is one of the crucial notions of Critical Discourse Analysis that require further theoretical analysis. This article offers a triangulated approach to manipulation as a form of social power abuse, cognitive mind control and discursive interaction. Socially, manipulation is defined as illegitimate domination confirming social inequality. Cognitively, manipulation as mind control involves the interference with processes of understanding, the

Teun A. VanDijk

2006-01-01

225

Reform Discourse and Curriculum Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two prominent recent education reform reports ("A Nation at Risk" and "Tomorrow's Teachers") are examined, using discourse analysis. This article concludes that the reports' language and discursive practices limit rather than expand possibilities for substantive curriculum reform. (IAH)

Cornbleth, Catherine; Gottlieb, Esther E.

1989-01-01

226

A Declaration on Learning--A Commentary Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper subjects "A Declaration on Learning" published in the UK in 2000 to a critical review. A brief synopsis of the text is followed by a commentary discourse drawing upon critical discourse analysis (Fairclough 2001) and incorporating meta content analysis, rhetorical analysis and genre analysis. Conclusions are drawn related to the…

Walton, John S.

2005-01-01

227

Response-Comment Elements in Yorùbá Conversational Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of discourse analysis to Yorùbá discourse is expected to add a new perspective to the understanding of the language and its usage in context, and also give the learner or analyst new tools with which to cater for certain pragmatic as well as discourse needs. Since the central aim of much language use is understanding or communication, then

Adeleke A. Fakoya

228

Clinicians as Communication Partners: Developing a Mediated Discourse Elicitation Protocol  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the development and piloting of a mediated discourse elicitation protocol. Grounded in situated theories of communication and informed by mediated discourse analysis, this protocol selectively samples familiar discourse types in a manner designed to preserve interactional aspects of communication. Critically, the mediated…

Hengst, Julie A.; Duff, Melissa C.

2007-01-01

229

One Step Forward, or Two Steps Back? Diversity Management And Gender In Organizational Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a beginning analysis of the diversity management discourse that has emerged over the past fifteen years (approximately). Using an approach based on Foucaldian historical analysis, it begins by asking how it is possible that this discourse emerged; what conditions supported its emergence and what forms has it taken? Origins of the discourse are in the perceived need

Gloria E. Miller; Julie I. A. Rowney

230

Beyond Advertising and Journalism: Hybrid Promotional News Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to show the usefulness of an expanded version of Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis approach, i.e. an approach that combines text analysis with an analysis of discourse processes in studying text production and interpretation, and also incorporates ethnographic methods, in this case, participant observation and interviews. This expanded approach was checked in the study of

Karmen Erjavec

2004-01-01

231

System for connotative analysis of discourse  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A computerized interactive language reference system includes a database of terms with associated denotative, connotative and human interest information. The system goes through each word of a passage and determines whether there is an entry in the database for such word. For each term where there is an entry, there is a check to see if the term has more than one denotative meaning. Where there is more than one denotative meaning, an appropriate one of the denotative meanings is selected. The system evaluates the passage for positive emotional connotations, negative emotional connotations, global emotional connotations, human interest, connotations of power, connotations of activity and connotations of abstractness/concreteness. Dominant emotional connotations and dominant words also are specifically identified and ranked.

Chase; Wayne O. (Vancouver, CA)

2001-12-18

232

Diversity Education Goals: A Policy Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many U.S. colleges and universities have established student learning outcomes for diversity education in their general education programs. These education goals, frequently developed for assessment or other policy purposes, convey a range of possible purposes for diversity and multicultural learning. The manner in which these purposes are…

Swain, Stuart

2012-01-01

233

Discourse Analysis of Encouragement in Healthcare Manga  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines how healthcare professionals use encouragement. Focusing on GAMBARU ["to try hard"], forty-one scenes were collected from healthcare manga. Each scene of encouragement was analyzed from three perspectives; the contextual background of the communication, the relationship with the patients and the patients' response to the…

Matsuoka, Rieko; Smith, Ian; Uchimura, Mari

2011-01-01

234

A Discourse Analysis of Online Social Argumentation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study examined the role of field dependence in the failure of an online dyadic discussion of a complex issue, whether or not creationism should be placed on an equal footing with evolution in high school science classrooms. In this study, field is used to designate whole disciplines, rather than factions within disciplines. Using…

Steinkuehler, Constance A.

235

Teachers and public engagement: an argument for rethinking teacher professionalism to challenge deficit discourses in the public sphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of public debates on teacher quality, both media and education policy texts construct deficit discourses about teachers, discourses that work together to inform public, commonsense understandings of teacher quality. This paper explores the interrelationships between discourses on teachers constructed on television and in policies in the Australian policy context. Critical discourse analysis was employed to trace the

Sue Thomas

2011-01-01

236

Enhancing public participation through narrative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective public participation requires methods of policy analysis that can accommodate the discourse of the participants'\\u000a opinions, preferences and values. This requires analytic methods that retain and convey the social and cultural contexts of\\u000a the discourse of culturally diverse communities. Narrative policy analysis can incorporate cultural and social diversity within\\u000a the process of analysing and presenting public preferences. Labov's evaluation

Greg Hampton

2004-01-01

237

Diversity management discourse meets queer theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper's aim is to examine how diversity management discourse reproduces heteronormative essentialist notions of identity in organisations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a critical analysis of diversity management discourse that draws upon concepts, frames and the language of queer theory and insights from social identity construction to offer an alternative approach to reconceptualising diversity management. The key question

Regine Bendl; Alexander Fleischmann; Christa Walenta

2008-01-01

238

Corporate Discourse and the Academy: A Polemic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical analysis of vocabulary, imagery, and rhetoric in business texts shows that higher education is adopting a free-market discourse depicting the academy in terms of a knowledge industry or revenue generator in which intellectual resources are "leveraged" and knowledge is a "commodity." This discourse is characterized as management centered,…

Webster, Gary

2003-01-01

239

Race discourse and the US Confederate Flag  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research reveals that racial hierarchies and ‘color?blind’ racism is maintained through discourse. The current study utilizes exploratory data from focus groups in a predominantly white southern university in the United States to examine race talk, the Confederate Flag, and the construction of southern white identity. Drawing from critical discourse analysis, we answer the following questions: first, to what extent do

Lori Holyfield; Matthew Ryan Moltz; Mindy S. Bradley

2009-01-01

240

Realising a discourse of the ‘basket case’  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the discourse of a leading Western publication (The Economist magazine) in its reporting on a poorly understood country steeped in different cultural values and traditions (Cambodia). Using a critical discourse analysis framework and the theory of systemic functional linguistics, this paper argues that The Economist's reporting effectively reinforces an image of Cambodia as a ‘basket case’. This

Stephen H. Moore

2008-01-01

241

Futures dilemmas for marketers: can stakeholder analysis add value?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to offer marketers an example of the application of stakeholder theory and analysis, using a current discourse between a number of stakeholders about their views on issues raised in a report on a model for the sustainability of life in Australia in the future. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Through a systematic discourse analysis of the text of

Val Clulow

2005-01-01

242

Discourse research in Colombia: developing a methodological approach to media discourse about poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to present an approach to discourse studies in Colombia. It provides a critical reflection on the ways discourse analysis is carried out and on the procedures structuring the interpretation of socio-cultural problems in order to establish their particularities and implications for Colombia. In addition, the paper illustrates the analytical procedures by applying them to some of the

Neyla Graciela Pardo Abril

2010-01-01

243

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: Discourses of rights and empowerment vs discourses of control and exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS circulating in sub-Saharan Africa are identified. These are medical, medico-moral, developmental (distinguishing between 'women in development' and gender and development perspectives), legal, ethical, and the rights discourse of groups living with HIV\\/AIDS and of African pressure groups. The analytical framework is that of discourse analysis as exemplified by Michel Foucault. The medical and medico-moral are

Gill Seidel

1993-01-01

244

Diffusion of latent semantic analysis as a research tool: A social network analysis approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) is a relatively new research tool with a wide range of applications in different fields ranging from discourse analysis to cognitive science, from information retrieval to machine learning and so on. In this paper, we chart the development and diffusion of LSA as a research tool using Social Network Analysis (SNA) approach that reveals the social

Yasar Tonta; Hamid R. Darvish

2010-01-01

245

Predominant discourses in Swedish nursing.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to elucidate the predominant discourse in the field of Swedish nursing in 2000, 25 years after nursing was introduced as an academic discipline in Sweden. The method used was content analysis and deconstructive analysis of discourses. Laws, statutes, regulations, and examination requirements, including official reports, recruitment campaigns, and media coverage, were analyzed. The findings uncovered competing discourses striving to gain hegemony. In the public sector, official requirements competed against the media fixation on gender stereotypes and the realities of local recruitment campaigns. Media has a major role in disseminating prevailing conceptions and conventions pertaining to the nursing profession. As a result, decision makers, students, patients, and family members could get lower expectations of the professional competence of nursing practitioners than would otherwise have been the case in the absence of media exposure. PMID:19783537

Dahlborg-Lyckhage, Elisabeth; Pilhammar-Anderson, Ewa

2009-05-01

246

Public discourses of stem cell science in Singapore (1997–2010)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most industrialized countries, policy debates around stem cell science manifest in public discourse. Assuming that a functioning public sphere exists where matters of science policy can be discussed, examination of these discourses can help provide an understanding of how science policies evolve. The aim of this paper is to provide a preliminary analysis of how the public discourses around

Tamra Lysaght; Benjamin J. Capps

2012-01-01

247

Telling Stories of Academic Discourse: Narrating Its Acquisition and Analyzing Its Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A writing teacher who teachers first-year college writing proposes a "different" approach to the teaching of academic discourse. It is an approach that includes the production of academic discourse and rhetorical analysis yet enables students to examine and often resolve their resistance against academic discourse. Through a critical examination…

Jones, Donald C.

248

“Somethin' Tells Me It's All Happening at the Zoo”: Discourse, Power, and Conservationism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how certain Western institutional discourses reproduce particular human relationships with nature. The analysis focuses upon the institutional setting of the zoo, examining long-standing multi-voiced debates about zoos and exploring the contemporary zoo's conservation discourses and cultural, lexical, and spatial elements of gaze and power. The author contextualizes zoo discourses within Western ideological environmental dialectics, including those of

Tema Milstein

2009-01-01

249

Conflicting discourses, shifting ideologies: pharmaceutical, `alternative' and feminist emancipatory texts on the menopause  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a close pragmatic analysis to examine three discourses of the menopause, each with identifiably different health and lifespan ideologies, each used to further its own set of economic and\\/or political agendas. We argue that these texts have potentially powerful influential effects on women's interpretations of their own `change of life'. Discourse 1 (the `pharmaceutical' discourse) is represented

Justine Coupland; Angie Williams

2002-01-01

250

The Common Topoi of STEM Discourse: An Apologia and Methodological Proposal, with Pilot Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author proposes a methodology for the rhetorical analysis of scientific, technical, mathematical, and engineering (STEM) discourse based on the common topics (topoi) of this discourse. Beginning with work by Miller, Prelli, and other rhetoricians of STEM discourse--but factoring in related studies in cognitive…

Walsh, Lynda

2010-01-01

251

Curriculum reform in a globalised world: the discourses of cosmopolitanism and community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under conditions of globalisation, the discourse of cosmopolitanism adds a new dimension to analysis of curriculum reform. We examine the meanings and contentions of curriculum as a regulatory function in rapidly changing, global communities. We examine cosmopolitanism and curriculum through the lenses of two cosmopolitan discourses, neoliberal and democratic. This provides a theoretically complex snapshot of how the discourse of

Steven P. Camicia; Barry M. Franklin

2010-01-01

252

The emerging discourse of knowledge management: a new dawn for information science research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information science has played a limited role in providing fresh insights into the emerging interdisciplinary discourse of knowledge management. There are opportunities and challenges posed by the new discourse. An analysis of the knowledge management literature within information science journals shows a need for a wider academic perspective and a more philosophically grounded one. As the current knowledge management discourse

Ashok Jashapara

2005-01-01

253

The discourses of sexuality in curriculum documents on sexuality education: an Australian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies three underlying discourses on the nature of sexuality evident in two Department of Education curriculum documents on sexuality education in Victoria, Australia, over the past 15 years. These discourses are a cultural ‘preservation’ perspective, a risk minimisation perspective, and a view that sexual expression should enable cultural and individual enlightenment and emancipation. This analysis of underpinning discourses

Cathleen Farrelly; Maureen OBrien; Vaughan Prain

2007-01-01

254

‘Are they just checking our obesity or what?’ The healthism discourse and rural young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes use of critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu's theoretical framework to explore rural young women's meanings of health and fitness and how the healthism discourse is perpetuated through their experiences in school physical education (PE). The young women's own meanings are explored alongside interview data from their school PE head of department (HoD). The healthism discourse was evident

Jessica Lee; Doune Macdonald

2010-01-01

255

Telling Stories of Academic Discourse: Narrating Its Acquisition and Analyzing Its Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A writing teacher who teachers first-year college writing proposes a "different" approach to the teaching of academic discourse. It is an approach that includes the production of academic discourse and rhetorical analysis yet enables students to examine and often resolve their resistance against academic discourse. Through a critical examination…

Jones, Donald C.

256

Rhinoplasty analysis.  

PubMed

Accurate analysis is the foundation for successful rhinoplasty. A general outline for systematic analysis is presented. The importance of accurate recordkeeping and self-analysis is stressed. Examples illustrate the high points of the article. PMID:3320864

Colton, J J; Beekhuis, G J

1987-11-01

257

[Medicine and the sexual distribution of work: an analysis of the scientific discourse on the role of the "human factor" in improving performance at work (Spain, 1922-1936)].  

PubMed

During the first third of the twentieth century, and especially after the 1920s, a discourse on occupational hygiene and safety began to develop in Spain. This discourse, without rejecting the value of the work carried out in the factory environment, particularly stressed the need to take into account what was called the "human factor." Promoted mainly by the budding occupational doctors and psychologists, this discourse became part of both the lines of biological thinking of constitutional pathology as well as the economic ideas of the so-called OCT, and it expounded the need to take the somatic and psychic characteristics of people into account in order to carry out "rational" distribution of the same in the workplace. The article aims to highlight the way in which this discourse contained elements that would help to attribute specific roles within the workplace based on the biological and psychological characteristics of men and women, so facilitating the legitimisation of a sexual distribution of work which helped to reinforce the social organization of gender at that time. PMID:19852102

Pérez, José Martínez

2008-01-01

258

Analyzing Foreign Language Lesson Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is claimed that second-language classroom research cannot establish itself as a discipline if it does not relate at least to the fields of second-language acquisition, discourse analysis, syllabus design, and methodology. The argument is drawn from experiences in Tunisian secondary schools. (Contains 27 references.) (Author/LB)|

Abdesslem, Habib

1993-01-01

259

Teaching Discourse Intonation with Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazil's system of discourse intonation (DI) is critically appraised, and some shortcomings are described. Modifications to DI are suggested, the most important being to recognize that tones have meanings derived from two functions: firstly to indicate the distribution of knowledge between speaker and listener--the analysis of tone in yes/no…

Beaken, Mike

2009-01-01

260

The Discourses of OERs: How "Flat" Is This World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 2000) as a tool for identifying the various discourses that can be found in the provision of open educational resources. The argument will be built upon the concept of a "flat world", a powerful metaphor used by Friedman in his famous book "The World is Flat" (2005). The discussion…

dos Santos, Andreia Inamorato

2008-01-01

261

Why does informed consent fail? A discourse analytic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informed consent often fails to meet the intended goals that a prospective subject should understand fully and choose autonomously to participate in research. The current study is an attempt to understand such failures by applying linguistic methods of discourse analysis to the transcripts of informed consent interviews. Elements of conversation and of the frame of discourse were analyzed to understand

David E. Ness; Scott F. Kiesling; Charles W. Lidz

2009-01-01

262

Power-Discourse Relationship in a Croatian Higher Education Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the public space of Croatian higher education through a critical analysis of the discourse of a Croatian faculty revealed through the minutes of two faculty council meetings. Both meetings' minutes provide evidence of discourse strategies of deception used by faculty power holders to create an illusion of consent. Also explores…

Fox, Renata; Fox, John

2002-01-01

263

Opposition in Modern Greek discourse: cultural and contextual constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates opposition strategies in three contexts: (1) conversation in Greek among family members, (2) a conversation in Greek among friends, and (3) classroom discourse by Greeks in English, using tape-recorded data. The study operates within an interactional sociolinguistic framework of discourse analysis and analyzes strategies that fall in the middle of a continuum that ranges from aggravation to

Christina Kakava

2002-01-01

264

Speaking of "Disorderly" Objects: A Poetics of Pedagogical Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To interrogate pedagogical discourses relating to child behaviour as "practices that systematically form the objects of which they speak" this paper features the analysis of three texts through the development and deployment of what might be called a poetics of pedagogical discourse. The principal text is a statement describing "problematic"…

Graham, Linda J.

2007-01-01

265

Discourse Factors in the Evaluation of Language Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Features of connected discourse that have been identified by discourse analysis may be applied to the evaluation of oral proficiency in a second language. For example, in the area of semantics, a speaker's control of the cause-result relationship involves, among other things, the ability to produce the different grammatical and lexical…

Litteral, Robert

266

Conflicting Discourses: Functional Linguistic and Discourse Analyses of Pocahontas Texts in Bilingual Third-Grade Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides micro analysis of one representative incident from a larger qualitative study to examine how third-grade bilingual students and their teacher negotiated academic disciplinary and popular culture discourses in a social studies unit on Jamestown and Pocahontas. Informed by discourse and linguistic analyses, this study explores…

Ciechanowski, Kathryn

2012-01-01

267

Oil Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the Oil Analysis Program was to place oil analysis on a firm technical basis. This goal was accomplished through an intensive experimental correlation effort relating wear debris characteristics to component surface wear condition. Such wear p...

P. B. Senholzi

1982-01-01

268

Utilizing Microsoft[R] Office to Produce and Present Recursive Frame Analysis Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although researchers conducting qualitative descriptive studies, ethnographies, phenomenologies, grounded theory, and narrative inquiries commonly use computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software (CAQDAS) to manage their projects and analyses, investigators conducting discursive methodologies such as discourse or conversation analysis seem…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Duffy, Maureen

2011-01-01

269

Grey analysis  

SciTech Connect

Grey logic is not another name for fuzzy logic. Grey logic--also called grey analysis or grey system theory--is a new technology, a group of techniques for system analysis and modeling. Like fuzzy logic, grey logic is useful in situations with incomplete and uncertain information. Grey analysis is particularly applicable in instances with very limited data and in cases with little system knowledge or understanding. In this paper, a summary of the basic concepts of grey analysis is provided, with descriptions of its application to several classes of problems. Calculations methods are provided for grey relation analysis, and for modeling and prediction using grey methods.

Cable, G.D.

1996-12-01

270

Discourse production following injury to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.  

PubMed

Individuals with damage to the prefrontal cortex, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in particular, often demonstrate difficulties with the formulation of complex language not attributable to aphasia. The present study employed a discourse analysis procedure to characterize the language of individuals with left (L) or right (R) DLPFC lesions. All participants were 30-35 years post-onset of injury and presented with persistent discourse impairments. The discourse performance of the R DLPFC group was not significantly different from either the L DLPFC group or the non-injured comparison group. Individuals from the L DLPFC group demonstrated specific difficulties with narrative coherence and inclusion of critical story components. Both measures were significantly different from the comparison group. The discourse ability of the DLPFC groups was significantly correlated with measures of working memory. Findings support the use of discourse analysis for examining language impairments in individuals with PFC lesions. PMID:22982512

Coelho, Carl; Lê, Karen; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Krueger, Frank; Grafman, Jordan

2012-09-11

271

Quantitative and qualitative analysis of institutional and professional identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the analysis of two types of identity construction in a corpus of professional speeches, namely institutional identity of the company and professional identity of the speaker. Since the corpus under study is rather large, three interesting speeches are selected on the basis of quantitative pronoun analysis. Discourse analysis of this subcorpus reveals the complexity of the

Van De Mieroop D

2004-01-01

272

The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…

Yamagami, Mai

2012-01-01

273

Imagining A Monocultural Community: Racialization of Cultural Practice in Educational Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports of racist violence in Britain identified a prevailing institutionalized racism and social segregation. Presents an analysis of authoritative educational discourse in the form of school inspection reports, focusing the cultural practice of minority ethnic families visiting their heritage country. Using critical discourse analysis, suggests…

Blackledge, Adrian

2003-01-01

274

The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…

Yamagami, Mai

2012-01-01

275

Global Warming Wars: Rhetorical and Discourse Analytic Approaches to ExxonMobil's Corporate Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes texts published by ExxonMobil on the issue of climate change, employing both rhetorical analysis and discourse analysis to show their uses and potential value in business communication research. Shows how both reveal the socially constructed nature "reality" and the social effects of language, but are never the less distinct in their…

Livesey, Sharon M.

2002-01-01

276

Grey analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Grey logic is not another name for fuzzy logic. Grey logic--also called grey analysis or grey system theory--is a new technology, a group of techniques for system analysis and modeling. Like fuzzy logic, grey logic is useful in situations with incomplete ...

G. D. Cable

1996-01-01

277

Semiotic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Semiotic analysis is a method of analyzing signs (e.g., words) to reduce non-numeric data to their component parts without losing essential meanings. Semiotics dates back to Aristotle's analysis of language; it was much advanced by nineteenth-century analyses of style and logic and by Whitehead and Russell's description in this century of the role…

Thiemann, Francis C.

278

Metabolic Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analysis of the metabolome with coverage of all of the possibly detectable components in the sample, rather than analysis of each individual metabolite at a given time, can be accomplished by metabolic analysis. Targeted and/or nontargeted approaches are applied as needed for particular experiments. Monitoring hundreds or more metabolites at a given time requires high-throughput and high-end techniques that enable screening for relative changes in, rather than absolute concentrations of, compounds within a wide dynamic range. Most of the analytical techniques useful for these purposes use GC or HPLC/UPLC separation modules coupled to a fast and accurate mass spectrometer. GC separations require chemical modification (derivatization) before analysis, and work efficiently for the small molecules. HPLC separations are better suited for the analysis of labile and nonvolatile polar and nonpolar compounds in their native form. Direct infusion and NMR-based techniques are mostly used for fingerprinting and snap phenotyping, where applicable. Discovery and validation of metabolic biomarkers are exciting and promising opportunities offered by metabolic analysis applied to biological and biomedical experiments. We have demonstrated that GC-TOF-MS, HPLC/UPLC-RP-MS and HILIC-LC-MS techniques used for metabolic analysis offer sufficient metabolome mapping providing researchers with confident data for subsequent multivariate analysis and data mining.

Tolstikov, Vladimir V.

279

Documents of learning: graduate students’ experiences of tensions when studying qualitative data analysis approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This reflective article discusses the learning processes and experiences associated with qualitative data analysis as presented in students’ reflection journals. Fourteen doctoral students in a qualitative data analysis course shared their reflective journals with the research team. Data analysis included: (1) analysis of tension type and contexts; and (2) critical discourse analysis of students’ texts. The data illustrated various types

Mirka Koro-Ljungberg; David Cavalleri; Hannah Covert; Tinelle Bustam

2012-01-01

280

Documents of learning: graduate students’ experiences of tensions when studying qualitative data analysis approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This reflective article discusses the learning processes and experiences associated with qualitative data analysis as presented in students’ reflection journals. Fourteen doctoral students in a qualitative data analysis course shared their reflective journals with the research team. Data analysis included: (1) analysis of tension type and contexts; and (2) critical discourse analysis of students’ texts. The data illustrated various types

Mirka Koro-Ljungberg; David Cavalleri; Hannah Covert; Tinelle Bustam

2011-01-01

281

Qualitative data analysis: conceptual and practical considerations.  

PubMed

Qualitative inquiry requires that collected data is organised in a meaningful way, and this is referred to as data analysis. Through analytic processes, researchers turn what can be voluminous data into understandable and insightful analysis. This paper sets out the different approaches that qualitative researchers can use to make sense of their data including thematic analysis, narrative analysis, discourse analysis and semiotic analysis and discusses the ways that qualitative researchers can analyse their data. I first discuss salient issues in performing qualitative data analysis, and then proceed to provide some suggestions on different methods of data analysis in qualitative research. Finally, I provide some discussion on the use of computer-assisted data analysis. PMID:19642962

Liamputtong, Pranee

2009-08-01

282

Science learning in the context of discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original article by Kamberelis and Wehunt (2012) discusses an interesting and important research subject in science education as it focus on classroom interactions and the characteristics of the discourse production of interlocutors. The authors start from the premise that discourse heterogeneity is constitutive of social activities, which is supported by others like Mikhail Bakhtin (Speech genres and other late essays. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1981) and Erving Goffman (Frame analysis: an essay on the organization of experience. Harper and Row, London, 1974). They also present the definitions of three key elements that organize hybrid discourse: (a) lamination of multiple cultural frames, (b) shifting relations between people and their discourse, and (c) shifting power relations between people. Finally, the authors analyze how these three elements organize students' science discourse in the classroom and how it contributes to the creation of a micro-community of practice capable of helping the emergence of a disciplinary knowledge that is legitimized by and strengthens the identity of the group. In the present commentary, I discuss how Michael Foucault's (1970) concept of discursive procedure may help us to analyze the (often neglected) teacher's role in the development of hybrid discourse practices.

do Nascimento, Silvania Sousa

2013-06-01

283

Factor Analysis via Components Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When the factor analysis model holds, component loadings are linear combinations of factor loadings, and vice versa. This interrelation permits us to define new optimization criteria and estimation methods for exploratory factor analysis. Although this article is primarily conceptual in nature, an illustrative example and a small simulation show…

Bentler, Peter M.; de Leeuw, Jan

2011-01-01

284

Quantitative analysis  

PubMed Central

Quantitative analysis permits the isolation of invariant relations in the study of behavior. The parameters of these relations can serve as higher-order dependent variables in more extensive analyses. These points are illustrated by reference to quantitative descriptions of performance maintained by concurrent schedules, multiple schedules, and signal-detection procedures. Such quantitative descriptions of empirical data may be derived from mathematical theories, which in turn can lead to novel empirical analyses so long as their terms refer to behavioral and environmental events. Thus, quantitative analysis is an integral aspect of the experimental analysis of behavior.

Nevin, John A.

1984-01-01

285

Chapter 7. Narrative stories and discourses in an interview with a former amphetamine user.  

PubMed

This study analyzes how an individual constructs his life as a former amphetamine user. The study has a methodological purpose, providing an example of how narrative analysis and discourse analysis can be conducted and combined. First, an interview with a former amphetamine user in his 50s was analyzed by the narrative method with a focus on identity construction. Second, it was then examined from a discourse analytical perspective. The article demonstrates how discourse analysis and narrative analysis could be combined when analyzing identity constructions. PMID:24087869

Lilja, My

2013-11-01

286

Watershed Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students conduct a regional watershed analysis of an area of their choosing. Using on-line data and their personal knowledge of the area, they determine the annual hydrologic budget and teach the class about "their" watershed.

Reinen, Linda

287

Chromosome Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Perceptive Scientific Instruments, Inc., provides the foundation for the Powergene line of chromosome analysis and molecular genetic instrumentation. This product employs image processing technology from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and image enhancem...

1998-01-01

288

Conversation Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes the current state of research in conversation analysis, referring primarily to six different perspectives that have developed from the philosophy, sociology, anthropology, and linguistics disciplines. These include pragmatics; speech act theory; interactional sociolinguistics; ethnomethodology; ethnography of communication; and…

Schiffrin, Deborah

1990-01-01

289

Energy Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A discipline called Energy Analysis (EA) formalizes the calculation of the energy requirements of any product or process. These requirements include not only the fuel and electricity consumed directly by the particular process in question, but also the fu...

R. G. Pearson

1977-01-01

290

Activation analysis  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains 16 chapters on the application of activation analysis in the fields of life sciences, biological materials, coal and its effluents, environmental samples, archaeology, material science, and forensics. Each chapter is processed separately for the data base.

Alfassi, Z.B. (ed.) (Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beersheba (Israel). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering)

1990-01-01

291

Analysis Federate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Straight forward implementation of the HLA design principles would require the development of separate, specialized data collection and analysis tools for each federation that uses a different object representation in its Federation Object Model (FOM). Th...

W. S. Murphy

1998-01-01

292

Data Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The applet, created by Virginia Tech's Department of Statistics, allows for simple data analysis of univariate data. Users can either generate normal or uniform data for k samples or copy and paste data from another source to a text box. A univariate analysis is performed for all k samples. A two-sample t-test (Pooled and Satterthwaite) is performed for k = 2. An ANOVA test is performed for k > 2.

Anderson-Cook, C.; Robinson, T.; Dorai-Raj, S.

2009-01-21

293

Link Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Link analysis is a collection of techniques that operate on data that can be represented as nodes and links. This chapter\\u000a surveys a variety of techniques including subgraph matching, finding cliques and K-plexes, maximizing spread of influence,\\u000a visualization, finding hubs and authorities, and combining with traditional techniques (classification, clustering, etc).\\u000a It also surveys applications including social network analysis, viral marketing,

Steve Donoho

2010-01-01

294

Stratification of Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development in Australia: An Analysis of Positions Vacant Advertisements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Positions vacant advertisements discursively construct employment sectors, employers and employees. This paper uses content analysis, systemic functional linguistics and critical discourse analysis to investigate the discursive construction of environmental education and education for sustainable development through positions vacant…

Hardy, Joy

2008-01-01

295

Stratification of Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development in Australia: An Analysis of Positions Vacant Advertisements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positions vacant advertisements discursively construct employment sectors, employers and employees. This paper uses content analysis, systemic functional linguistics and critical discourse analysis to investigate the discursive construction of environmental education and education for sustainable development through positions vacant advertisements…

Hardy, Joy

2008-01-01

296

Genre Analysis of Personal Statements: Analysis of Moves in Application Essays to Medical and Dental Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the important role the personal statement plays in the graduate school application processes, little research has been done on its functional features and little instruction has been given about it in academic writing courses. The author conducted a multi-level discourse analysis on a corpus of 30 medical/dental school application…

Ding, Huiling

2007-01-01

297

Genre Analysis of Personal Statements: Analysis of Moves in Application Essays to Medical and Dental Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the important role the personal statement plays in the graduate school application processes, little research has been done on its functional features and little instruction has been given about it in academic writing courses. The author conducted a multi-level discourse analysis on a corpus of 30 medical/dental school application letters,…

Ding, Huiling

2007-01-01

298

Prevailing discourses among AIDS care professionals about childbearing by couples with HIV in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to analyze the dynamics of ideology, power and language in the dominant discourses about childbearing by couples with HIV that were expressed by AIDS care professionals in Taiwan. Critical discourse analysis of the interview texts with 11 AIDS care professionals identified three prevailing discourses on childbearing by couples with HIV\\/AIDS: pro-children, conditional pro-choice and

N. Y. Ko; M. A. Muecke

2006-01-01

299

Typological and Topological Meaning in Diagnostic Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the discourse of a problem-based learning group in medicine. Uses a conceptual distinction between linguistic (and other semiotic) resources for making typological (or categorical) versus topological (or continuous variation) meanings as part of a multimedia semiotic analysis of the data episode. (SR)

Lemke, J. L.

1999-01-01

300

Discourse and the Denial of Racism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the broader framework of a research programme on the reproduction of racism in discourse and communication, the present article examines the prominent role of the denial of racism, especially among the elites, in much contemporary text and talk about ethnic relations. After a conceptual analysis of denial strategies in interpersonal impression formation on the one hand, and within the

Teun A. van Dijk

1992-01-01

301

Media Discourse on Globalization and Terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article studies the linkage made in media discourse between the September 11 terror attacks and globalization. Analysis of the prestige, national, and regional American press reveals three principal frames that support issue cultures that enhance state power and promote neo-liberal economic policy. These frames also provide an inadvertent cover for unilateral United States foreign policy interests and thus lend

ANDREW ROJECKI

2005-01-01

302

Structuring Conversation: Discourse Markers in Cervantes's "Entremeses"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Due to the recent shift in the linguistic pragmatics literature from the analysis of isolated speech acts to the focus on phenomena which affect the global meaning of a message, discourse markers (DMs) have become a frequent research topic. Despite their popularity, the evolution and development of these forms is often neglected in investigations…

King, Jeremy

2011-01-01

303

Functions of Discourse Markers in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through an examination of the discourse markers "ano" and "sono" in Japanese (commonly characterized as demonstrative adjectives but which cannot be used interchangeably in a context), this paper explores how these linguistic devices function in conversation found in Japanese writings. The focus of this analysis is the mental and social functions…

Fujita, Yasuko

2001-01-01

304

Elaboration and Simplification in Spanish Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares spoken discourse models in Spanish as a second language textbooks and online language learning resources with naturally occurring conversations. Telephone service encounters are analyzed from the point of view of three different dimensions of authenticity: linguistic, sociolinguistic, and psycholinguistic. An analysis of 20…

Granena, Gisela

2008-01-01

305

Revisiting methodological issues in transcript analysis: Negotiated coding and reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transcript analysis is an important methodology to study asynchronous online educational discourse. The purpose of this study is to revisit reliability and validity issues associated with transcript analysis. The goal is to provide researchers with guidance in coding transcripts. For validity reasons, it is suggested that the first step is to select a sound theoretical model and coding scheme. Particular

D. R. Garrison; M. Cleveland-Innes; Marguerite Koole; James Kappelman

2006-01-01

306

A Habermasian Analysis of Local Renewable Energy Deliberations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study pursues a Habermasian analysis of citizen discussions and of the local public sphere to shed light on renewable energy futures in rural east-central Canada. Using data from group discussions, it pursues an investigation of utterances, validity claims and of discourses. The analysis is supplemented by participant observation of publicly…

Fast, Stewart

2013-01-01

307

Kitzinger’s Feminist Conversation Analysis: Critical Observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to ongoing discussions on feminism and the analysis of discourse. In particular, I examine Celia Kitzinger’s\\u000a [(2000), Doing feminist conversation analysis. Feminism and Psychology, 10, 163–193 and (2002) Doing feminist conversation analysis. In P. McIlvenny (Ed.), Talking gender and sexuality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.] claims to be engaged in “feminist conversation analysis.” This paper identifies\\u000a susceptibilities

Maria T. Wowk

2007-01-01

308

Talk as a tool for thinking: Using professional discourse practices to frame children's design-technology talk  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research project involved viewing elementary children's (ages 11–13) design?technology talk through the theoretical perspective of Bucciarelli's (1988) description of professional discourse practices. Analysis centred on two structured lessons, in which four children (two male; two female) constructed, modified, and tested model parachutes. Analysis of audiotaped transcripts of children's talk showed that Bucciarelli's framework of constraining, naming, and decision discourse

Brenda J. Gustafson; Dougal MacDonald

2004-01-01

309

Race Talk and Common Sense: Patterns in Pakeha Discourse on Maori\\/Pakeha Relations in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discourse analysis of public submissions arising from an overt racial conflict in New Zealand in 1979 has yielded a number of patterns in the talk of Pakeha New Zealanders. An outline of two such patterns is presented and these are then drawn upon in the deconstruction of a piece of contemporary Pakeha discourse. This analysis is designed to shed some

Raymond G. Nairn; Timothy N. McCreanor

1991-01-01

310

Justifying and condemning sexual discrimination in everyday discourse: Letters to the Editor in the Australian local press  

Microsoft Academic Search

This discourse analysis study identifies the discursive strategies and linguistic resources addressers of Letters to the Editor in Australian community papers employ to construct their view of homosexuality; a view which uses the discourses of biology and religion to justify both rejection and acceptance. The analysis of the discursive strategies found in the texts identifies the use of certain ‘commonsense

Isolda Rojas-Lizana

311

"Implicit action": Understanding discourse management in modeling instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We present "Implicit Action", a discourse management tool, through a qualitative video analysis of a Florida International University Modeling Instruction Introductory Physics I class. Implicit Action in Modeling Instruction is where instructors deliberately create intellectual space in which students ideally see value and need for the construction of new classroom norms and tools that are productive in developing a learning community. This space is created by the implications expressed through the instructors' deliberate actions. Discourse Management is a technique to moderate student discourse in Modeling Instruction classes at the university level that was initially described by Desbien. Implicit Action is one of 9 Modeling Discourse Management tools that we have identified. By means of qualitative analysis we illustrate the effectiveness of Implicit Action in implementing the Modeling Theory of Instruction.

Durden, Jared; Brewe, Eric; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-05-15

312

Reentry analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the criteria, previous nuclear experience in space, analysis techniques, and possible breakup enhancement devices applicable to an acceptable SP-100 reentry from space. Reactor operation in nuclear-safe orbit will minimize the radiological risk; the remaining safeguards criteria need to be defined. A simple analytical point mass reentry technique and a more comprehensive analysis method that considers vehicle dynamics and orbit insertion malfunctions are presented. Vehicle trajectory, attitude, and possible breakup enhancement devices will be integrated in the simulation as required to ensure an adequate representation of the reentry process.

Biehl, F.A.

1984-05-01

313

Collective Findings, Individual Interpretations: An Illustration of a Pluralistic Approach to Qualitative Data Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The establishment of qualitative approaches in the mainstream of psychology research facilitates innovation in their use, both singly and in combination. In this article, we describe a pluralistic qualitative analysis of the transcript of a semi-structured interview on the topic of second-time motherhood using Grounded Theory, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Narrative Analysis, and Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Each approach encapsulates different epistemological

Nollaig A. Frost; Amanda Holt; Pnina Shinebourne; Cigdem Esin; Sevasti-Melissa Nolas; Leila Mehdizadeh; Belinda Brooks-Gordon

2011-01-01

314

Discourses of Writing and Learning to Write  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a meta-analysis of theory and research about writing and writing pedagogy, identifying six discourses - configurations of beliefs and practices in rela- tion to the teachingof writing. It introduces and explains a framework for the analysis of educational data about writingpedagogyinwhichtheconnections are drawnacross viewsoflanguage,viewsofwriting,viewsoflearningtowrite,approachestotheteach- ing of writing, and approaches to the assessment of writing. The framework can

Roz Ivanic

2004-01-01

315

Mediation Analysis  

PubMed Central

Mediating variables are prominent in psychological theory and research. A mediating variable transmits the effect of an independent variable on a dependent variable. Differences between mediating variables and confounders, moderators, and covariates are outlined. Statistical methods to assess mediation and modern comprehensive approaches are described. Future directions for mediation analysis are discussed.

MacKinnon, David P.; Fairchild, Amanda J.; Fritz, Matthew S.

2010-01-01

316

PEST Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

PEST is an acronym for four sources of change: political, economic, social and technological. PEST analysis is a powerful and widely used tool for understanding strategic risk. It identifies the changes and the effects of the external macro environment on a firm's competitive position. Strategists seek to understand external factors and evaluate how business models will have to evolve, in

T. Sammut-Bonnici; D. Galea

317

Handwriting Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this forensics activity, students will explore the methods that investigators use to confirm the authenticity of handwriting. Participants will use bottom-of-letter and slant analysis to look at their own and their partner's handwriting, and then use these methods to analyze a note left at the scene of the crime.

Cosi

2009-01-01

318

Radome analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report documents the usage and applications of the Ray Trace Formulation Radome Analysis Computer Program (RTFRACP) to the BMD ENNK Program. Methodology for applying the program to a generic millimeter wave radome is presented. Data is given to illustrate the effect of temperature, erosion, ablation and frequency variation on radome boresight error.

Pendergrass, T. S.

1983-10-01

319

Correlational analysis.  

PubMed

A common question of interest in nursing research is the relationships between variables. Correlational analysis is a statistical technique employed to investigate the magnitude and significance of such relationships. This paper presents commonly used techniques to examine bivariate relationships of interval/ratio, ordinal and nominal variables. PMID:22464607

Prematunga, Roshani K

2012-03-30

320

Neurosteroid analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we review techniques used for the analysis of neurosteroids and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. Because radioimmunoassay (RIA)procedures are well known, we focus more on the relatively recent mass spectrometric methods used for analyzing neurosteroids and their sulfates. We also discuss some promising methods that permit the detection of low levels of neurosteroids in

Ahmed A Alomary; Robert I Fitzgerald; Robert H Purdy

2001-01-01

321

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

322

Characteristics of Pre-Service Teachers' Online Discourse: The Study of Local Streams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes the characteristics of pre-service teachers' discourse on a WebCT Bulletin Board in their investigations of local streams in an integrated mathematics and science course. A qualitative analysis of data revealed that the pre-service teachers conducted collaborative discourse in framing their research questions, conducting…

Liang, Ling L.; Ebenezer, Jazlin; Yost, Deborah S.

2010-01-01

323

Semantic Systems, Discourse Structure, and the Ecology of Language. Working Papers in Sociolinguistics, No. 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This analysis seeks to link discourse structure and semantic or lexical systems. The example is given of a Cuna curing chant named "the way of the pepper," in which 53 names for pepper ("kapur") are used in a projection of a paradigmatic axis (the lexical taxonomy) onto a syntagmatic axis. A corollary of the principle of viewing discourse from…

Sherzer, Joel

324

"Are They Just Checking Our Obesity or What?" The Healthism Discourse and Rural Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper makes use of critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu's theoretical framework to explore rural young women's meanings of health and fitness and how the healthism discourse is perpetuated through their experiences in school physical education (PE). The young women's own meanings are explored alongside interview data from their school PE…

Lee, Jessica; Macdonald, Doune

2010-01-01

325

Epidemiology as discourse: the politics of development institutions in the Epidemiological Profile of El Salvador  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVETo determine the ways in which institutions devoted to international development influence epidemiological studies.DESIGNThis article takes a descriptive epidemiological study of El Salvador,Epidemiological Profile, conducted in 1994 by the US Agency for International Development, as a case study. The methods include discourse analysis in order to uncover the ideological basis of the report and its characteristics as a discourse

L A Avilés

2001-01-01

326

The Gender Discourse in Therapy Questionnaire: A Tool for Training in Feminist-Informed Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although accredited Marriage and Family Therapy programs require training in gender issues, therapists in training settings may still have difficulty identifying the influences of gender discourse on clients' lives and on therapeutic practices. The Gender Discourse in Therapy Questionnaire was developed as a tool for observational and textual analysis of therapy processes in conversations about gender and gender-related power. It

Margaret L. Keeling; John Butler; Narkia Green; Vanieca Kraus; Manjushree Palit

2010-01-01

327

The Discourse of the New World Order: ‘Out-Casting’the Double Face of Threat  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests that a productive way to make sense of the discourse and actions surrounding the 11 September 2001 attacks, and thereafter, is to view them within the larger context of the discourse of the ‘New World Order’. This involves an intertextual analysis of President Bush’s speeches since 11 September, along with speeches made by the previous presidents, George

Annita Lazar; Michelle M. Lazar

2004-01-01

328

Power in Discourse: The Case of Arguments on a British Talk Radio Show  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an approach to exploring the ways in which power functions in institutional discourse. The principal aim of the article is to show how the play of power in discourse can be analysed from the fundamentally local, sequential perspective of conversation analysis. I argue that power is best seen as a shifting distribution of resources which enable some

Ian Hutchby

1996-01-01

329

Discourse Strategies in Professional E-Mail Negotiation: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e-mail communication which covers a period of three months,…

Jensen, Astrid

2009-01-01

330

Shepherding and Censorship: Discourse Management in the Tea Party Patriots Facebook Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political groups on social networking sites enable a new type of collaborative, political discourse among citizens. In this study, we show how political discourse in social media is distinct from prior studies of political groups on the Internet. Specifically, we use network analysis in combination with communication theory to examine conversational social networks that emerge from direct addressals between participants

Christopher M. Mascaro; Alison Novak; Sean Goggins

2012-01-01

331

Disciplinary Discourses: Rates of Cesarean Section Explained by Medicine, Midwifery, and Feminism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of international concern about increasing rates of cesarean sections, we used discourse analysis to examine explanations arising from feminism and the disciplines of medicine and midwifery, and found that each was positioned differently in relation to the rising rates. Medical discourses asserted that doctors are authorities on birth and that, although cesareans are sometimes medically necessary, women

Amy Su May Lee; Maggie Kirkman

2008-01-01

332

Making Sense of the Melting Pot: Multiple Discourses in Youth Justice Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The paper proposes a framework for politically-informed analysis of policy processes, to enhance understanding of the inconsistencies of youth justice policies. It begins from the importance of political discourse and argues that multiple discourses reflect political tensions which produce inconsistency. It focuses on the punitive detention of young people, and the paradoxical disjunctures between policy and practice in the

Ross Fergusson

2007-01-01

333

Press self-censorship in China: a case study in the transformation of discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the way in which newspaper discourse gets changed. Original reports of three social problem events that journalists sent to two different newsrooms and reports that were published are compared using critical discourse analysis. It is argued that the practice of self-censorship helps newsrooms bypass political 'minefields', and at the same time increase the possibilities of the publication

Jingrong Tong

2009-01-01

334

Ideas that work: mobilizing Australian workers using a discourse of rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we focus on a potential mechanism for revitalizing unions' influence as broader political actors: their use of familiar and appealing discourses to frame political campaigns. Through a discursive analysis of campaign texts, we show how the Australian Council of Trade Unions successfully promoted a counter-discourse, which operated as a collective action frame to mobilize alternative meanings, identities

Susan Ainsworth; Leanne Cutcher; Robyn Thomas

2012-01-01

335

Progress in Acquisition of Japanese Discourse Structures from Intermediate to Advanced Level Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there have been many studies examining the acquisition of grammar in Japanese as a second language (L2) (e.g., Nagatomo, 1993; Noda, Sakoda, Shibuya, & Kobayashi, 2001), discourse analysis research on the L2 acquisition of Japanese discourse structure is still in its infancy. This study examines how L2 learners organize their spoken…

Tomiyama, Yoshiko

2009-01-01

336

Impersonal, General, and Social: The Use of Metonymy versus Passive Voice in Medical Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impersonalizing role passive voice plays in scientific discourse is well known. Analysis of the Methods sections of nine medical research articles shows that metonymy is another frequent strategy used to create anonymous authors/agents. Discourse agents were categorized into four semantic domains: familial lay, nonfamilial lay, authorial…

Rundblad, Gabriella

2007-01-01

337

THE DISCOURSE OF PLANNED PARENTHOOD OF THE ATLANTA AREA: 1964 - 1972 by  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives . The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not the mainstream reproductive rights organization Planned Parenthood of the Atlanta Area (PPAA) considered reproductive justice issues typically advocated for by non-traditional reproductive rights organizations. Methods. This research was a qualitative content analysis of discourse internal to PPAA (meeting minutes) and discourse communicated to the public externally via

Melissa Miller

338

A rhetorical approach to news discourse: Media representations of a controversial study on ‘Reparative Therapy’  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, concepts from rhetorical theory and discourse analysis are combined to illustrate an approach to analyzing news discourse, particularly about controversial science. Specifically, it is shown how macro?news frames and micro?linguistic choices in news texts combine to accomplish the rhetorical goal of demarcating good science from bad science by creating presence for certain interpretations of the news story

Craig O. Stewart

2005-01-01

339

Classroom discourse and Teacher talk influences on English language learner students' mathematics experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the features of the classroom discourse in eight Algebra I classes from two urban high schools with diverse student populations. In particular, by using the discursive analysis perspective, the type of communication between teachers and students was examined. The study investigated to what extent teachers' patterns of discourse change as a result of the number of ELLs

Mariana M Petkova

2009-01-01

340

Classroom Discourse and Teacher Talk Influences on English Language Learner Students' Mathematics Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the features of the classroom discourse in eight Algebra I classes from two urban high schools with diverse student populations. In particular, by using the discursive analysis perspective, the type of communication between teachers and students was examined. The study investigated to what extent teachers' patterns of discourse

Petkova, Mariana M.

2009-01-01

341

Regression analysis and multivariate analysis.  

PubMed

Proper evaluation of data does not necessarily require the use of advanced statistical methods; however, such advanced tools offer the researcher the freedom to evaluate more complex hypotheses. This overview of regression analysis and multivariate statistics describes general concepts. Basic definitions and conventions are reviewed. The types of regression analysis are then discussed, including simple regression, multiple regression, multivariate multiple regression, and logistic regression. The various steps required to perform these analyses are described, and the advantages and disadvantages of each is detailed. PMID:8796937

Duleba, A J; Olive, D L

1996-05-01

342

Contingency Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Contingency Analysis is a forum for professionals to discuss financial risk management. A consultant in financial risk management, Glyn Holton, developed this site. Visitors to the site can benefit from the broad overview of enterprise risk management and risk measurement that is provided. This site contains a collection of research papers on enterprise risk management covering topics such as value at risk, risk visualization, and accuracy vs. precision, as well as an in-depth glossary of 200 risk management terms.

Holton, Glyn.

1997-01-01

343

Survival Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term survival analysis originally referred to statistical study of the time to death of a group of individuals. From a\\u000a mathematical perspective it is irrelevant whether one is studying time until death or time to any other event and so the term\\u000a has come to be applied to methods for analysing “time to event data”. Although often not explicitly

Peter D. Sasieni

344

Portfolio Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In 1952, Harry M. Markowitz published a seminal paper about analyzing portfolios. In 1990, he was awarded the Nobel Prize\\u000a for his portfolio theory. Markowitz portfolio analysis delineates a set of highly desirable investment portfolios. These optimal\\u000a portfolios have the maximum return at each plausible level of risk, computed iteratively over a range of different risk levels.\\u000a Conversely, Markowitz portfolio

Jack Clark Francis

345

Negotiating Contested Discourses of Learning Technologies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the way that learning technologies frame teaching practice in higher education using both autoethnography and discourse analysis (interpretative repertoires). The analysis juxtaposes our own experience in the form of data from two interviews, with teaching and learning policy documents from the group of five Australian…

Hannon, John; Bretag, Tracey

2010-01-01

346

Words, Words, Words: Radio News Discourses and How They Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of broadcast speech have been neglected in mass media research, particularly where the analysis of radio news messages is concerned. This article provides a framework for examining broadcast messages which improves on the analysis of printed texts, for example, by considering such aspects of discourse as intonation — the way words sound. These analytical tools are applied to two

Peter Moss

1988-01-01

347

Negotiating Contested Discourses of Learning Technologies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the way that learning technologies frame teaching practice in higher education using both autoethnography and discourse analysis (interpretative repertoires). The analysis juxtaposes our own experience in the form of data from two interviews, with teaching and learning policy documents from the group of five Australian…

Hannon, John; Bretag, Tracey

2010-01-01

348

Creating Rhetorical Stability in Corporate University Discourse: Discourse Technologies and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written communication scholarship has shown that successful social change requires discursive stability. This study was designed to investigate how this stability is created. Critical discourse analysis of 30 corporate university articles investigated claims authors made about the expansion of market-based values into contexts of organizational…

Faber, Brenton

2003-01-01

349

Encapsulation design analysis  

SciTech Connect

The methodology is developed to analyze photovoltaic encapsulation system designs. This methodology is approached using five models: (1) structural deflection analysis (2) thermal structural analysis (3) thermal analysis (4) optical analysis and (5) electrical analysis.

Garcia, A. III

1984-03-01

350

Medical Discourse on Contemporary Nurse Education: An Ideological Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent changes in nurse education in Australia have prompted serious objections from the medical profession. While medical opposition to changes in the organisation of nurse education is not new, the current attacks are of particular interest in that the 'nursing problem' is being viewed by doctors as part of the wider malady of public health care provision in Australia. This

Michael Hazelton

1990-01-01

351

A discourse analysis of Students' interaction for reading comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effects of socioaffective strategies on reading comprehension by analyzing how students interact and negotiate with the use of socioaffective strategies while interpreting and translating a reading material. The implementation of socioaffective strategies in an English reading class is designed to encourage students to use their initiative, ask others for helps and

Kyunghee Choi

352

Discourse analysis in diagnosing difficulty in EFL reading comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines student translations into the L1 (Hebrew or Arabic) as a means of evaluating reading comprehension of an English text. Attention focused on the following research questions: 1. What kinds of errors in translation are students likely to make frequently?2. Which of these errors reflect reading comprehension difficulty?Units of student translations were analysed in terms of micro?structure: Utterance?Level

Marsha Bensoussan; Judith Rosenhouse

1987-01-01

353

A critical discourse analysis of teachers’ views on LGBT literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a thread of discussion posted to a web-based forum in the context of a children's literature course in one teacher education program in the USA. Participants in the virtual discussion include three preservice elementary teachers and the course instructor (author) on the subject of bringing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) literature into the elementary classroom. Classroom

Melissa Schieble

2012-01-01

354

A Contrastive Discourse Analysis of Passives in English and Korean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study compared functional similarities and differences in the passive in English and Korean, examining several pragmatics theories (given/new information, theme-rheme structure, foregrounding/backgrounding, defocusing, role prominence, emotional function) for their explanations of the functions of the passives. It is concluded that there is a…

Jung, Woo-hyun

355

A Critical Analysis of USAir's Image Repair Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies the theory of image restoration to a case study of USAir's response to media coverage of a 1994 crash. Argues that introducing such case studies in the classroom helps students to understand the basic tenets of persuasion in the highly charged context of repairing a corporate reputation after an attack. (SR)

Benoit, William L.; Czerwinski, Anne

1997-01-01

356

Literacy Coaching and Reading First "Redelivery": A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Practitioners are often faced with the national legislation's influence at the school-based curricular level. In the United States, the federal government No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 mandates reading instruction at the early primary grade levels. The position of "literacy coach" was created to support this curriculum change by providing…

McLean, Cheryl A.; Mallozzi, Christine A.; Hu, Ran; Dailey, Leslie Bottoms

2010-01-01

357

A Critical Discourse Analysis of Teachers' Views on LGBT Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a thread of discussion posted to a web-based forum in the context of a children's literature course in one teacher education program in the USA. Participants in the virtual discussion include three preservice elementary teachers and the course instructor (author) on the subject of bringing lesbian, gay, bisexual and…

Schieble, Melissa

2012-01-01

358

Literacy Coaching and Reading First "Redelivery": A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practitioners are often faced with the national legislation's influence at the school-based curricular level. In the United States, the federal government No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 mandates reading instruction at the early primary grade levels. The position of "literacy coach" was created to support this curriculum change by providing…

McLean, Cheryl A.; Mallozzi, Christine A.; Hu, Ran; Dailey, Leslie Bottoms

2010-01-01

359

Discursive Reflexivity in the Ethnography of Communication: Cultural Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a creative reconstruction of reflexivity as it operates for some practitioners of the ethnography of communication. Our central concern is conceptualized as “discursive reflexivity”; with that concept, we foreground communication both as primary data and as our primary theoretical concern. As a result, we treat reflexivity as a process of metacommunication, that is, as a reflexive process

Donal Carbaugh; Elena V. Nuciforo; Elizabeth Molina-Markham; Brion van Over

2011-01-01

360

Who's Guarding What? A Poststructural Feminist Analysis of Gardasil Discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

In May 2006 the Gardasil vaccine was approved for implementation in the United States to prohibit the spread of four strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) that can lead to cervical cancer. Through a poststructural feminist reading, I critique ideologies at play throughout the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval hearing for this vaccine. I explore the conditions that gave

Marie Thompson

2010-01-01

361

Critical Discourse Analysis of Collaborative Engagement in "Facebook" Postings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While research literature affirms the potential for social networking sites (SNSs) to democratise communication, their impact on micro-level, academic relations at university level has not been explored sufficiently in developing countries. The literature on SNSs (especially "Facebook") has emphasised its appropriation for the marketing of…

Rambe, Patient

2012-01-01

362

National Cultural Identities, Discourse Analysis and Comparative Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notions of nationhood and cultural identity have long been fundamental motifs in Comparative Education (CE) (Mason, 2006;\\u000a Ninnes & Burnett, 2004; Tikly, 1999). In the literature that the field has produced since at least the turn of the twentieth\\u000a century, they appear either as underlying assumptions or as objects of study. They are an important part of the working

Eleftherios Klerides

363

Congressional Debates over Prisoner Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any country. The causes for the large number of prisoners can be traced, in part, to a politicized war on crime that resulted in harsh sentencing and high recidivism rates. Prisoner education provides the potential for slowing the revolving door of prison by helping to create engaged…

Yates, Mark T.

2009-01-01

364

Cognitive and Emotive Empathy in Discourse: Towards an Integrated Theory of Mind.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents an empirical qualitative analysis of eliciting, giving and receiving empathy in discourse. The study identifies discursive and linguistic features, which realize cognitive, emotive, parallel and reactive empathy and suggests that imita...

B. Martinovsky

2006-01-01

365

An Analysis of Interaction and Participation Patterns in Online Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents findings from the pattern of participation and discourse analysis of the online interaction among in-service teachers in the teacher training institute in Singapore. It was found that the teachers formed a knowledge-building community and jointly discussed issues related to integrating information technology into the classroom. There was evidence that teachers formed a socially cohesive community and their

Chai Ching Sing; Myint Swe Khine

2006-01-01

366

The Commodification of Sexuality: A Critical Analysis of Queer Eye  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation uses critical discourse analysis to conduct an examination of the reality television program Queer Eye. Queer Eye is a makeover show and each of the five main characters --Ted Allen, Kyan Douglass, Thom Filicia, Carson Kressley and Jai Rodriguez—has an area of specialty. The first two seasons of the show entitled Queer Eye for the Straight Guy gave

Yarma Velázquez Vargas

2008-01-01

367

A Multidimensional Analysis of a Written L2 Spanish Corpus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study adds to our understanding of how learners employ lexical and grammatical phenomena to communicate in writing in different types of interlanguage discourse. A multidimensional (factor) analysis of a corpus of L2 Spanish writing (202,241 words) generated by second- and third-year, university-level learners was performed. The…

Asencion-Delaney, Yuly; Collentine, Joseph

2011-01-01

368

A Pragmatic Analysis of the Conversations in The Killers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conversations in The Killers, which is one of Ernest Hemingway's most famous short stories and two thirds of them is composed of conversations, are analyzed in light of pragmatic conversation analysis theory, mainly including the theories of conversation activity type, conversation strategy, discourse role, turn-taking rules and adjacency pair, combined with other pragmatic theories, such as speech act theory

YANG Li

369

Practicing oncology in provincial Mexico: A narrative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the discourse of oncologists treating cancer in a provincial capital of southern Mexico. Based on an analysis of both formal interviews and observations of everyday clinical practice, it examines a set of narrative themes they used to maintain a sense of professionalism and possibility as they endeavored to apply a highly technologically dependent biomedical model in a

Linda M. Hunt

1994-01-01

370

Penetrating a Wall of Introspection: A Critical Attrition Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a critical analysis of student discourse on attrition as it unfolds in interviews on early departure from higher education. A synthesis of relevant studies and modelling done in the field shows that essential aspects affecting attrition and retention can be effectively conceptualized and acted upon in terms of the interplay…

Johannsen, Bjorn Friis; Rump, Camilla Osterberg; Linder, Cedric

2013-01-01

371

Variations in Science Teaching Modalities and Students' Pedagogic Subject Positioning through the Discourse Register and Language Code  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the modalities of science teaching practice and students' pedagogic subject positioning through the linguistic features of science classroom discourse and the discursive interaction. For this purpose, this study sought to develop a methodology for classroom discourse analysis, the TMARC (Triangular Model of Analyzing…

Maeng, Seungho; Kim, Chan-Jong

2011-01-01

372

Leadership Discourse in ActionA Textual Study of Organizational Change in a Government of Canada Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines two discursive events during a major reorganization at Health Canada in 2000: a new leader’s informal speech to senior managers and his first formal memo to staff. Seen through the dual lens of systemic functional linguistics and critical discourse analysis, these events provide a perspective on the role of discourse in institutional settings. The events particularly illustrate

Claire Harrison; Lynne Young

2005-01-01

373

Talking to Score: Impression Management in L2 Oral Assessment and the Co-Construction of a Test Discourse Genre  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the emphasis in second language (L2) oral proficiency assessment has shifted from linguistic accuracy to discourse strategies such as the ability to initiate, respond, and negotiate meaning. This has resulted in a growing interest in the discourse analysis of students' performance in different oral proficiency assessment formats. The study reported in this article represents an attempt to

Jasmine Luk

2010-01-01

374

Analysing adjectives in scientific discourse: an exploratory study with educational applications for Spanish speakers at advanced university level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the literature on the textual properties of scientific discourse is vast, less attention has been paid to the analysis of adjectival frequency in this type of discourse and its semantic implications. Adjectives are a significant communicative tool for scientists, showing the author’s professional persona and manifesting a critical element in the rhetorical properties of research articles. They also allow

Viviana Soler

2002-01-01

375

Surface Analysis  

SciTech Connect

In the Surface Analysis group, within the National Center for Photovoltaic's Measurements and Characterization Division, we use surface analytical techniques help to determine the chemical, elemental, and molecular composition, and electronic structure of material surfaces and interfaces. The properties of the surface and outer few micrometers of a material often control the electrical, chemical, or mechanical properties of that material--hence, this region is of extreme importance. Our techniques use ions, electrons, and X-ray or ultraviolet photons in high vacuum to probe surfaces and interfaces of a material. We map the elemental and chemical composition of specimens, study impurities and grain boundaries, gather bonding and chemical-state information, measure surface electronic properties, and perform depth profiles to determine doping and elemental distributions. We have analyzed a wide range of materials, including photovoltaics, microelectronics, polymers, and biological specimens. We work collaboratively with you to solve materials- and device-related R&D problems. This sheet describes our major technique capabilities.

Not Available

2006-06-01

376

Brightness analysis.  

PubMed

Brightness analysis provides a powerful tool for the study of protein interactions both in solution and in living cells. We provide a brief survey of some widely used techniques for extracting brightness from fluorescent fluctuation spectroscopy experiments. While all the techniques are equivalent under ideal conditions, we touch upon their relative strengths and discuss in detail a specific scenario wherein the photon-counting histogram (PCH) separates the brightness of rare, bright particles from a dominant background. In a practical vein for ensuring quantitative and unbiased brightness data, we address a number of potential issues stemming from both theoretical assumptions and experimental realities. Two additional issues arising from geometry are examined in greater detail. An oil-immersion objective skews the geometry of the excitation volume as a function of penetration depth. The bias can be characterized and corrected or avoided through the use of a water-immersion objective. Brightness measurements in thin sample geometries, frequently encountered in cells, may be biased. We use z-scan FFS to characterize sample geometry and correct any resulting bias in the brightness. PMID:23276536

Macdonald, Patrick; Johnson, Jolene; Smith, Elizabeth; Chen, Yan; Mueller, Joachim D

2013-01-01

377

Uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation is made of the suitability of analytical and statistical sampling methods for making uncertainty analyses. The adjoint method is found to be well-suited for obtaining sensitivity coefficients for computer programs involving large numbers of equations and input parameters. For this purpose the Latin Hypercube Sampling method is found to be inferior to conventional experimental designs. The Latin hypercube method can be used to estimate output probability density functions, but requires supplementary rank transformations followed by stepwise regression to obtain uncertainty information on individual input parameters. A simple Cork and Bottle problem is used to illustrate the efficiency of the adjoint method relative to certain statistical sampling methods. For linear models of the form Ax=b it is shown that a complete adjoint sensitivity analysis can be made without formulating and solving the adjoint problem. This can be done either by using a special type of statistical sampling or by reformulating the primal problem and using suitable linear programming software.

Thomas, R.E.

1982-03-01

378

Analysis of conversational topic shifts: a multiple case study.  

PubMed

Investigation into the natural conversational discourse of patients with Dementia of the Alzheimer Type has received minimal attention, in part due to the inherent methodological problems. There are no satisfactory theoretical models of conversation; existing global checklists give minimal information on meaning relationships and analysis of conversation does not lend itself to group studies. The present study offered an initial example of how meaning relationships, expressed through topic shifting behavior, can be described in DAT and normal elderly subjects in natural conversational discourse. Categorization of topic units was done in an attempt to describe general phenomena, type of shift, reason for shift, and contextual relationship. Although very little differences were visually observed in the general categories, some convergence of data were observed in other topic shift categories. Discussion of the results in relation to a discourse processing model is presented. PMID:9184097

Garcia, L J; Joanette, Y

1997-06-01

379

Vulnerable bodies: competing discourses of intimate bodily care.  

PubMed

Nursing practices are subject to intersecting and competing discourses, which give them different, sometimes contradictory, meanings. In this article, using a case of intimate bodily care, we explore the workings of these discourses in a nursing student's account of her first experience of bathing an elderly woman. In particular we were interested in how different meanings of nursing "care" figure into the student's story. Through our analysis, we realized that a range of contradictions and tensions structured the student's experience. These contradictions were primarily produced by a collision between two discourses: the student's commonsense way of understanding the intimacy of such an act (liberal humanist discourse) and the impersonal approach characteristic of institutionalized care (scientific medical discourse). This collision caused distress and confusion, such that the student became almost as vulnerable as her patient. We argue that this type of detailed analysis of a nursing student's experience may increase our understanding of the discursive struggles that occur for students during their shifting between classrooms and clinical sites, between theory and practice, in the process of becoming professionals. Understanding these struggles and the relationships of power that produce both nursing student and patient as "vulnerable bodies" is important for nurse educators because they offer opportunities for intervention in the shaping of nursing professionals. PMID:16342631

Grant, Barbara M; Giddings, Lynne S; Beale, Jenny E

2005-11-01

380

Headlines and discourses in newspaper reports on traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on the existing social and health sciences knowledge base, we explore the ways in which traffic accidents on South African roads are constructed by the media and how these constructions are related to the media's role in supporting hegemonic interests, producing public consensus and promoting public agency. Discourse analysis was used to analyse 52 South African newspaper articles that

Victoria MacRitchie; Mohamed Seedat

381

The discourse of ‘Respect for People’ in UK construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is mobilized to investigate some of the assumptions that lie behind the text of the Respect for People reports (2000, 2004), part of the ‘Egan agenda’ in the UK. The concept of respect is examined, contrasting the humanist view of people as ends in themselves with the instrumentalist view in which human beings are treated as

Kate Ness

2010-01-01

382

Navigating Discourses in Place in the World of Webkinz  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geosemiotics (Scollon and Scollon, 2003) frames this analysis of play, multimodal collaboration, and peer mediation as players navigate barriers to online connectivity in a children's social network and gaming site. A geosemiotic perspective enables examination of children's web play as "discourses in place": fluidly converging and diverging…

Wohlwend, Karen E.; Zanden, Sarah Vander; Husbye, Nicholas E.; Kuby, Candace R.

2011-01-01

383

Complexity of Secondary Scientific Data Sources and Students' Argumentative Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the learning opportunities provided to students through the use of complex geological data supporting scientific inquiry. Through analysis of argumentative discourse in a high school Earth science classroom, uses of US Geological Survey (USGS) data were contrasted with uses of geoscience textbook data. To examine these…

Kerlin, Steven C.; McDonald, Scott P.; Kelly, Gregory J.

2010-01-01

384

The Organization of Narrative Discourse in Lewy Body Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Narrative discourse is an essential component of day-to-day communication, but little is known about narrative in Lewy body spectrum disorder (LBSD), including Parkinson's disease (PD), Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We performed a detailed analysis of a semi-structured speech sample in 32…

Ash, Sharon; McMillan, Corey; Gross, Rachel G.; Cook, Philip; Morgan, Brianna; Boller, Ashley; Dreyfuss, Michael; Siderowf, Andrew; Grossman, Murray

2011-01-01

385

Linking Ideas with AND in Spoken and Written Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contextual analysis approach was used to explore the semantic, syntactic, and discourse properties of the conjunction "and." Results are discussed in terms of phrasal coordination, and it is shown that "and" occurs with a high frequency in the spoken/written comparison narrative texts examined, with a density of 26.4 to 66.3 tokens per 1,000…

Lazaraton, Anne

1992-01-01

386

Imagining the Homeland: The Internet and Diasporic Discourse of Nationalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the identity discourses of Chinese migrants in cyberspace in the light of contemporary theorizing of Chinese national identities and Chinese nationalism. The study adopts a qualitative methodology, based on the textual analysis of postings on Internet forums frequented by migrants from the People’s Republic of China (PRC) who are currently studying and working in Singapore, and in-depth

Brenda Chan

2005-01-01

387

The Scientization of Physical Education: Discourses of Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the content and context of changes in the dominant discourses of physical education. It begins with an analysis of the role of language in publicly defining a role for new professions and defining the nature of that profession's expertise. It then briefly traces the reconstruction of university physical education as sports studies, sport sciences, and sport management

David J. Whitson; Donald Macintosh

1990-01-01

388

‘Natural disasters’ and newspapers: Post-tsunami environmental discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explore the concept of ‘natural disasters’ as opportunities for influencing public perceptions of the environment through the media. We provide a critical analysis of the discourse in a selection of newspaper articles and identify the way in which various actors have utilised UK national newspaper coverage of the Asian tsunami to promote particular agendas and to

Alison Ashlin; Richard J. Ladle

2007-01-01

389

A Prostitute's progress: male prostitution in scientific discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines discourses of male prostitution through an analysis of scientific texts. A contrast is drawn between nineteenth-century understandings of male prostitution and twentieth-century accounts of male prostitution. In contrast to female prostitution, male prostitution was not regarded as a significant social problem throughout the nineteenth century, despite its close association with gender deviation and social disorder. Changing conceptions

John Scott

2003-01-01

390

Functions of Discourse Markers "Ano and Sono" in Written Dialogue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through examination of the discourse markers "ano" and "sono" in Japanese, this paper explores how these linguistic devices function differently in conversation. The focus of this analysis is the mental and social functions through which a speaker attempts to achieve an interpersonal rapport with a listener. In particular, the question addresses…

Fujita, Yasuko

391

Measuring Lexical Diversity in Narrative Discourse of People with Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: A microlinguistic content analysis for assessing lexical semantics in people with aphasia (PWA) is lexical diversity (LD). Sophisticated techniques have been developed to measure LD. However, validity evidence for these methodologies when applied to the discourse of PWA is lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate four measures…

Fergadiotis, Gerasimos; Wright, Heather H.; West, Thomas M.

2013-01-01

392

Discourse Patterns in First and Second Language: An Ethnographic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a study of discourse patterns in the learning of second language oral skills. The study, based on research traditions such as ethnography of communication and conversation analysis, adopts as its main theoretical framework Vygotsky's theory of social origin of language and cognition. (DJD)|

Baldo, Mariella

1988-01-01

393

Discourse Processes and Products: Land Surveyors in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study reported in this paper aims to provide a description of professional communication pertaining to land surveying project management in Hong Kong, achieved through a comprehensive analysis of both workplace discourse processes and products. The study, situated in Hong Kong, represents a collaborative effort between English and Land…

Cheng, Winnie; Mok, Esmond

2008-01-01

394

Discourse Production Following Injury to the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with damage to the prefrontal cortex, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in particular, often demonstrate difficulties with the formulation of complex language not attributable to aphasia. The present study employed a discourse analysis procedure to characterize the language of individuals with left (L) or right (R) DLPFC…

Coelho, Carl; Le, Karen; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Krueger, Frank; Grafman, Jordan

2012-01-01

395

Navigating Discourses in Place in the World of Webkinz  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Geosemiotics (Scollon and Scollon, 2003) frames this analysis of play, multimodal collaboration, and peer mediation as players navigate barriers to online connectivity in a children's social network and gaming site. A geosemiotic perspective enables examination of children's web play as "discourses in place": fluidly converging and diverging…

Wohlwend, Karen E.; Zanden, Sarah Vander; Husbye, Nicholas E.; Kuby, Candace R.

2011-01-01

396

Discourse Characteristics in the Sociolect of Repentant Criminals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ex-criminals who are rehabilitated in Yeshivot (Jewish religious academies) for newly religious men in Israel change their language gradually from a criminal sociolect to a religious one typical of the Yeshivot; at the same time they make extensive use of diverse linguistic means to promote the change in their ideology and in their social identity. Discourse analysis of six passages

Uri Timor; Rachel Landau

1998-01-01

397

Discourse Production Following Injury to the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Individuals with damage to the prefrontal cortex, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in particular, often demonstrate difficulties with the formulation of complex language not attributable to aphasia. The present study employed a discourse analysis procedure to characterize the language of individuals with left (L) or right (R) DLPFC…

Coelho, Carl; Le, Karen; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Krueger, Frank; Grafman, Jordan

2012-01-01

398

Teaching University Discourse: A Theoretical Framework and a Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of the written products and writing situations of a university reveals that virtually all of these writing tasks call for exposition, which further breaks down into the five components of seriation, classification, synthesis, compare/contrast, and analysis. These five components of expositional discourse form a set of…

Rose, Mike

399

The social exclusion discourse: ideas and policy change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the political discourse of social exclusion and its potential impact on social policy. The analysis suggests that in France, Britain, and the European Union at large, the growing political focus on social exclusion has helped to shift policy attention away from other forms of inequality, including income inequality. This logic and the reforms enacted in the name

Daniel Béland

2007-01-01

400

Integral analysis method - IAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the theoretical foundations of the new integral analysis method (IAM), and its application to a facility location problem. This methodology integrates the cardinal and ordinal criteria of combinatorial stochastic optimization problems in four stages: definition of the problem, cardinal analysis, ordinal analysis and integration analysis. The method uses the concepts of stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis (SMAA), Monte

Rafael Guillermo García Cáceres; Julián Arturo Aráoz Durand; Fernando Palacios Gómez

2009-01-01

401

The Pied Piper of Neo Liberalism Calls the Tune in the Republic of Ireland: An Analysis of Education Policy Text from 2000-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers an analysis of the rhetoric of education policy text during the timeframe from 2000 to 2012 in the Republic of Ireland. The study was framed within two different discourses of the role of the teacher: one discourse regards the teacher as a professional within a dynamic system of democratic relations (Anyon, 2011; Apple, 2012;…

Simmie, Geraldine Mooney

2012-01-01

402

Creativity in theoretical physics: A situational analysis of the fifth Solvay Council on Physics, 1927  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation investigates the intersections and interactions of factors which enhance and inhibit creativity in theoretical physics research, using a situational analysis of the fifth Solvay Council on Physics of 1927 (Solvay 1927), a pivotal point in the history of quantum physics. Situational analysis is a postmodern variant of the grounded theory method which views a situation as the unit of analysis and adds situational mapping as an analytic tool. This method specifically works against normalizing or simplifying the points of view, instead drawing out diversity, complexity, and contradiction. It results in "theorizing" rather than theory. This research differs from other analyses of the development of quantum mechanics in looking at technical issues as well as individual, collective, and societal factors. Data examined in this historical analysis includes theoretical papers, conference proceedings, personal letters, and commentary and analysis, both contemporaneous and modern. Literature related to scientific creativity was also consulted. Mapping the situation as a master discourse of Niels Bohr overlapping and interacting with co-existent major discourses on matrix mechanics/Copenhagen interpretation, wave mechanics, and the pilot-wave theory resulted in the most descriptive illustration of the factors influencing scientific creativity before and after Solvay 1927. The master discourse strongly influenced the major discourses and generated the "Copenhagen spirit" which effectively marginalized discourses other than matrix mechanics/Copenhagen interpretation after Solvay 1927.

First, Leili K.

403

The Value of Ellul's Analysis in Understanding Propaganda in the Helping Professions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on Ellul's analysis of propaganda in understanding propaganda in the helping professions. Key in such an analysis is the interweaving of the psychological and sociological. Contrary to the discourse in mission statements of professional organizations and their codes of ethics calling for informed consent, competence of…

Gambrill, Eileen

2012-01-01

404

Parental and professional agency in terminations for fetal anomalies: analysis of Finnish women's accounts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the construction of parental and professional agency in the written accounts by women who have undergone selective abortion (N=8). The analysis of the data was based on qualitative, linguistic discourse analysis. The accounts indicate that the mothers themselves exhibited both strong and weak agency during the process of prenatal diagnosis. The role of the professionals was usually

Katriina Koponen; Kaisa Laaksonen; Tanja Vehkakoski; Simo Vehmas

2012-01-01

405

The Value of Ellul's Analysis in Understanding Propaganda in the Helping Professions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article draws on Ellul's analysis of propaganda in understanding propaganda in the helping professions. Key in such an analysis is the interweaving of the psychological and sociological. Contrary to the discourse in mission statements of professional organizations and their codes of ethics calling for informed consent, competence of…

Gambrill, Eileen

2012-01-01

406

Clearing the air: the contribution of frame analysis to understanding climate policy in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frame analysis illuminates the politics of climate change and generates ideas about discursive strategies that can assist national governments to take effective action on climate change. The nature of frame analysis and its links to discourse theory and social constructivist epistemology are discussed, and this framework used to show how climate change politics in the USA under the second Bush

Amy Lynn Fletcher

2009-01-01

407

Analysis (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of Mathematical Sciences Analysis Description The Analysis Program supports basic research in ... analysis has influenced developments from Newton?s mechanics to quantum mechanics and from Fourier?s ...

408

Profile of Pattern Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pattern analysis is the name of a field of information technology that includes pattern recognition, image processing, computer vision, speech understanding and waveform analysis. The purpose of this profile is to say more fully what Pattern Analysis is, ...

1983-01-01

409

High Target Visibility Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents an approach to visibility analysis for a target located high over a terrain made of discrete elevation points. This analysis is a special subset of a general terrain intervisibility analysis problem. It is an efficient algorithm based ...

J. J. Kim

1994-01-01

410

GSFC VLBI Analysis center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the activities of the GSFC VLBI Analysis Center during 2004. The GSFC Analysis Center analyzes all IVS sessions, makes regular IVS submissions of data and analysis products, and performs research and software development activities ai...

D. Gordon C. Ma D. MacMillan L. Petrov K. Baver

2005-01-01

411

Methods of Spectral Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

CONTENTS (Translations of Chapters 20 and 21 of 'Analysis of Luminescence', Section 5, Moscow Univ. Pub. House, 1962). Chapter 20, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF LUMINESCENCE: Excitation and recording of radiance during the qualitative and quantitative analysis of ...

V. L. Levshin

1966-01-01

412

Backstage discourse and the reproduction of white masculinities.  

PubMed

This article documents the shared patterns of private white male discourse. Drawing from comparative ethnographic research in a white nationalist and a white antiracist organization, I analyze how white men engage in private discourse to reproduce coherent and valorized understandings of white masculinity. These private speech acts reinforce prevailing narratives about race and gender, reproduce understandings of segregation and paternalism as natural, and rationalize the expression of overt racism. This analysis illustrates how antagonistic forms of “frontstage” white male activism may distract from white male identity management in the “backstage.” PMID:21337737

Hughey, Matthew W

2011-01-01

413

Relationships among eigenshape analysis, Fourier analysis, and analysis of coordinates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eigenshape analysis (a singular value decomposition of a matrix of the tangent angle function *(t)) has recently been proposed as an alternative to Fourier analysis for description of outline shapes of organisms. Whenall eigenvectors andall harmonics are retained both approaches represent orthogonal rotations of the same points. Thus distances between pairs of shapes (and any multivariate analyses based on distances)

F. James Rohlf

1986-01-01

414

From Vocation to Profession or Just Surfing on the Reforms? Teacher Education Discourse in Finnish Committee Reports from 1922 to 1991.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is presented as one stage of a dissertation project titled "Educational Reform as a Social Field: Structuration of Discourse in Teacher Education in Finland." It examines educational transformations and continuities through a discourse analysis of governmental committee reports on teacher education, focusing primarily on the years…

Simola, Hannu

415

Cabinetmaker. Occupational Analysis Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the analysis of the occupation of cabinetmaker, or joiner, that is accepted by the Canadian Council of Directors as the national standard for the occupation. The front matter preceding the analysis includes exploration of the development of the analysis, structure of the analysis, validation method, scope of the…

Chinien, Chris; Boutin, France

416

K Basins Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Safety Analysis Report (HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062, Rev.4). This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report.

WEBB, R.H.

1999-12-29

417

K Basin Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Final Safety Analysis Report. This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report.

PECH, S.H.

2000-08-23

418

The Ideological Remapping of Semantic Roles in Totalitarian Discourse, or, How to Paint White Roses Red  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a pragmatic analysis in terms of semantic roles of the ideologically based linguistic manipulation underlying the rhetoric of totalitarian discourse with special reference to dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu's speeches in communist România. The analysis focuses on the linguistic violations that consist in demoting the Agent role, normally associated with humans, to the status of Instrument or Patient semantic

Cornelia Ilie

1998-01-01

419

Mathematics in the Making: Mapping Verbal Discourse in Polya's "Let Us Teach Guessing" Lesson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a detailed analysis of verbal discourse within an exemplary mathematics lesson--that is, George Polya teaching in the Mathematics Association of America [MAA] video classic, "Let Us Teach Guessing" (1966). The results of the analysis reveal an inductive model of teaching that represents recursive cycles rather than linear…

Truxaw, Mary P.; DeFranco, Thomas C.

2007-01-01

420

Ideological Challenges in Classroom Discourse: A Sociocritical Perspective of English Learning in an Urban School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a sociocritical approach to the study of language and literacy and discourse analysis, this article examines student initiated challenges in a sheltered English course with two types of English learners: native+, ESL students; and, recently, arriving ESL students. The analysis draws on 19 hours of video-recorded observations of…

Razfar, Aria

2011-01-01

421

The power to shape policy: charting sport for development and peace policy discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses findings from a development policy discourse analysis that was conducted using six key sport for development and peace (SDP) policy documents. The research was guided by a theoretical framework combining postcolonial theory and actor-oriented sociology in order to critically analyse SDP policies. Based on this analysis, three theses are proposed: (1) SDP policies are unclear, circuitous and

Lyndsay M. C. Hayhurst

2009-01-01

422

The Nature of Discourse throughout 5E Lessons in a Large Enrolment College Biology Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large enrolment science courses play a significant role in educating undergraduate students. The discourse in these classes usually involves an instructor lecturing with little or no student participation, despite calls from current science education reform documents to elicit and utilize students' ideas in teaching. In this study, we used the 5E instructional model to develop and implement four lessons in a large enrolment introductory biology course with multiple opportunities for teacher-student and student-student interaction. Data consisted of video and audio recordings of whole-class and small-group discussions that took place throughout the study. We then used a science classroom discourse framework developed by Mortimer and Scott (2003) to characterize the discursive interactions in each 5E lesson phase. Analysis of the data resulted in two assertions. First, the purpose, communicative approach, patterns of discourse, and teaching interventions were unique to each 5E lesson phase. Second, the type of lesson topic influenced the content of the discourse. We discuss how the findings help characterize the discourse of each phase in a 5E college science lesson and propose a model to understand internalization through discursive interaction using this reform-based approach. We conclude with implications for facilitating discourse in college science lessons and future research. This study provides support for using the discourse framework to characterize discursive interaction in college science courses.

Sickel, Aaron J.; Witzig, Stephen B.; Vanmali, Binaben H.; Abell, Sandra K.

2013-04-01

423

Discourse Markers across Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses discourse markers (e.g., "and, so, anyway") and offers an overview of their characteristics and occurrence, using English for illustration. The role of discourse markers is to signal speaker comment on the current utterance. The discourse marker is not part of the sentence's propositional content. While absence of markers…

Fraser, Bruce

424

Accounting as codified discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to introduce the AAAJ special issue on “Accounting as codified discourse”, explicate the idea of codification and locate the notion of a “codified discourse” within the broader tradition of discourse studies in management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach is conceptual and discursive, and provides a theoretical framework for understanding codification and a discursive context for the

Sue Llewellyn; Markus J. Milne

2007-01-01

425

The discourse of gay men's group sex: The importance of masculinity.  

PubMed

Group sex has consistently been identified as one of a group of risk behaviours among gay men associated with HIV seroconversion. This paper presents a detailed description of how gender, and specifically masculinity, operates as an aspect of the discourse of gay men's group sex. The findings presented in this paper are one part of a multi-aspected discourse analysis through which we are aiming to develop an account of the discourse of gay men's group sex as it was produced in a series of qualitative interviews conducted with gay men who participate in group sex. The interviews were conducted as part of the Three or More Study (TOMS), a larger project that involved a substantial quantitative component. The overarching intent of the discourse analysis is to provide as comprehensive a mapping as possible of this discursive terrain to facilitate the targeted development of HIV and sexual health educational initiatives. The discourse of gay men's group sex reproduces some key formations of masculinity within discourses of gender, which present specific challenges for HIV prevention education. These challenges are outlined at the conclusion of this paper. PMID:19444685

McInnes, David; Bradley, Jack; Prestage, Garrett

2009-08-01

426

Geologic spatial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the development of geologic spatial analysis research which focuses on conducting comprehensive three-dimensional analysis of regions using geologic data sets that can be referenced by latitude, longitude, and elevation/depth. (CBS)

Thiessen, R.L.; Eliason, J.R.

1989-01-01

427

Subcompartment Analysis Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Procedures for the performance of nuclear reactor subcompartment analysis are presented. The purpose of this presentation is to normalize the analysis procedures and provide a standard approach for such analyses. As a result, differences in the manner of ...

R. G. Gido J. S. Gilbert C. G. Tinkler

1980-01-01

428

Weibull Analysis Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook is intended to provide instructions on how to do Weibull analysis. It will provide an understanding of Weibull analysis that is common between the military and industry. The handbook contains seven chapters plus an appendix. The chapters are...

C. H. Medlin G. L. Reinman J. E. Breneman R. B. Abernethy

1983-01-01

429

Multivariate Data Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper contains an account of several techniques in multivariate data analysis. Included among these techniques are classification and clustering procedures, multidimensional contingency table analysis, and some graphical representation techniques. So...

H. Solomon

1975-01-01

430

Research Overview and Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Research Overview and Analysis report by the USMB's Research Staff provides a comprehensive review and analysis of metric research. As part of this effort, the project reviewed all Board research studies, the General Accounting Office's study, the Nat...

1982-01-01

431

Cost Effectiveness Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This section presents the general cost-effectiveness analysis procedures appropriate to small communal and onsite waste-water treatment systems design. The cost components of the analysis will first be defined and the general procedures for their determin...

1995-01-01

432

Statistical data analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The complexity of instrumentation sometimes requires data analysis to be done before the result is presented to the control room. This tutorial reviews some of the theoretical assumptions underlying the more popular forms of data analysis and presents sim...

A. A. Hahn

1994-01-01

433

Correlation Analysis of Electrocardiograms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A method for the interpretation of electrocardiographic waveforms by correlation analysis has been investigated. Both the autocorrelation function and the crosscorrelation function are employed in the analysis. The electrocardiographic signals of thirty-s...

W. G. Huston

1972-01-01

434

Reading Words in Discourse: The Modulation of Lexical Priming Effects by Message-Level Context  

PubMed Central

Repetition and semantic-associative priming effects have been demonstrated for words in nonstructured contexts (i.e., word pairs or lists of words) in numerous behavioral and electrophysio-logical studies. The processing of a word has thus been shown to benefit from the prior presentation of an identical or associated word in the absence of a constraining context. An examination of such priming effects for words that are embedded within a meaningful discourse context provides information about the interaction of different levels of linguistic analysis. This article reviews behavioral and electrophysiological research that has examined the processing of repeated and associated words in sentence and discourse contexts. It provides examples of the ways in which eye tracking and event-related potentials might be used to further explore priming effects in discourse. The modulation of lexical priming effects by discourse factors suggests the interaction of information at different levels in online language comprehension.

Ledoux, Kerry; Camblin, C. Christine; Swaab, Tamara Y.; Gordon, Peter C.

2006-01-01

435

Statistical Link Analysis --- A Risk Analysis Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article discusses the advantages and caveats of a statistical link analysis method established by J. Yuen in the 1970s. Since then, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory has adopted this approach as flight principles in order to conduct link analysis for its deep-space missions. This article presents three new results: 1) we show that by invoking Lyapunov's condition of the central limit theorem, the Gaussian approximation of statistical link analysis is indeed mathematically valid if there is no single link parameter with a variance that is much larger than the others; 2) we discuss a system engineering approach of incorporating expert opinions as a mean to mitigate the lack of statistical knowledge of the link parameters; and 3) we also introduce the use of saddle-point approximation to estimate the tail probability in statistical link analysis in situations when the Gaussian approximation does not apply. IPNPR Volume 42-184 Tagged File.txt

Cheung, K.-M.

2010-11-01

436

Land Condition Trend Analysis Data: Power Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Land Condition Trend Analysis (LCTA) program is the Army's standard for land inventory and monitoring, employing standardized methods of natural resources data collection, analyses, and reporting designed to meet multiple goals and objectives. LCTA da...

A. B. Anderson P. J. Guertin D. L. Price

1996-01-01

437

Independent Factor Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the independent factor analysis (IFA) method for recovering independent hidden sourcesfrom their observed mixtures. IFA generalizes and unifies ordinary factor analysis (FA), principal componentanalysis (PCA), and independent component analysis (ICA), and can handle not only squarenoiseless mixing, but also the general case where the number of mixtures differs from the number ofsources and the data are noisy. IFA

Hagai Attias; W. M. Keck

1999-01-01

438

Control flow analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any static, global analysis of the expression and data relationships in a program requires a knowledge of the control flow of the program. Since one of the primary reasons for doing such a global analysis in a compiler is to produce optimized programs, control flow analysis has been embedded in many compilers and has been described in several papers. An

Frances E. Allen

1970-01-01

439

Episodic Analysis of Novels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Episodic analysis is the separation of a novel into its component episodes —i.e., into short stories each of which has a unitary theme—in order to provide equivalent units for content analysis. Independent coders show two types of disagreement. Neither is serious for content analysis, and both may be minimized by some suggested ground rules. In a study of 13 stylistically

Robert R. Sears; Deborah Lapidus

1973-01-01

440

Modern Regression Discontinuity Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a detailed discussion of the theory and practice of modern regression discontinuity (RD) analysis for estimating the effects of interventions or treatments. Part 1 briefly chronicles the history of RD analysis and summarizes its past applications. Part 2 explains how in theory an RD analysis can identify an average effect of…

Bloom, Howard S.

2012-01-01

441

Empathic character analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

To speak of empathic character analysis could seem like an oxymoron to those who associate the term character analysis with the approach of Wilhelm Reich (1928). Reich's seminal work could be seen as the prototype of active and confrontational approaches to the analysis of defense and resistance. Such approaches by virtue of fostering an adversarial relationship with the patient have

Lawrence Josephs

1994-01-01

442

Interprocedural Analysis for Parallelization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an extensive empirical evaluation of an interprocedural parallelizing compiler, developed as part of the Stanford SUIF compiler system. The system incorporates a comprehensive and integrated collection of analyses, including privatization and reduction recognition for both array and scalar variables, and symbolic analysis of array subscripts. The interprocedural analysis framework is designed to provide analysis results nearly as

Mary W. Hallt; Brian R. Murphy; Saman P. Amarasinghe; Shih-wei Liao; Monica S. Lam

1995-01-01

443

Stratification of environmental education and education for sustainable development in Australia: an analysis of positions vacant advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positions vacant advertisements discursively construct employment sectors, employers and employees. This paper uses content analysis, systemic functional linguistics and critical discourse analysis to investigate the discursive construction of environmental education and education for sustainable development through positions vacant advertisements placed with Australian online recruitment agencies. The results suggest a disturbing stratification between environmental education and education for sustainable development with

Joy Hardy

2008-01-01

444

Language for Reconciliation in Religious Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Contradictions in Sermons Explored through the Activity Theory Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts to shed light on the role of language in keeping religion relevant to the individual and society in present times. In the context of postmodernity, religion has become more of a meaning system to address the existential questions of the individual. Religious institutions have had to accommodate the changes brought about by a…

Singh, Parvinder Kaur Hukam; Thuraisingam, Thavamalar

2011-01-01

445

Blaming Victims and Survivors: An Analysis of Post-Katrina Print News Coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In few circumstances are news media more powerful than during crisis events. The purpose of this research was to document the discursive construction of individuals who experienced hurricane Katrina in post-Katrina print news coverage. Informed by a social constructionist perspective, this critical discourse analysis highlights the power of news media to shape cultural understanding of the citizens involved and, consequently,

M. Justin Davis; T. Nathaniel French

2008-01-01

446

READING ALIEN LIPS: ACCENTUATING THE POSITIVE? AN ANALYSIS OF SOME POSITIVE MEDIA DEPICTIONS OF ASYLUM SEEKERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absence of the racial and cultural Other in mainstream media is noted by many scholars. In this article, a number of newspaper articles about asylum seekers in lip sewing episodes at Woomera in 2002 are examined using critical discourse analysis and drawing on critical race and whiteness studies. While many news articles depict asylum seekers negatively, most of the

RON HOENIG

447

A framework for the analysis of mitigation in courts: Toward a theory of mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mitigation plays an important role in various social activities. It involves emotional, strategic, and pragmatic processing. This paper presents an activity-based framework for empirical discourse analysis of mitigation in public environments such as Swedish and Bulgarian courtroom examinations. Mitigation is defined as a pragmatic, cognitive, and linguistic behavior whose main purpose is to reduce vulnerability. The suggested framework consists of

Bilyana Martinovski

2006-01-01

448

Power, Politics, and Critical Race Pedagogy: A Critical Race Analysis of Black Male Teachers' Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors explore the analytic connections between the scholarship on Black teachers and the development of the concept of critical pedagogy. In particular, the authors conduct a detailed analysis of both of these discourses and then explore the work of two African-American male teachers in an urban school in Los Angeles. The…

Lynn, Marvin; Jennings, Michael E.

2009-01-01

449

Is woman or liquor being sold? - Gender analysis of alcohol TV commercials in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies suggested that with an increasing number of campaigns promoting the idea of gender equality, people's awareness about gender issues is generally raised. However gender discrimination is still an important issue in Hong Kong. By analyzing three alcohol advertisements broadcasted in Hong Kong using a Critical Discourse Analysis Approach, this paper aims at further explaining the ways in which

Vienna Wing Lun Ho

450

Subject Matter in Hong Kong Primary English Classrooms: A Critical Analysis of Teacher Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies of language issues in postcolonial Hong Kong are abundant. While the majority is concerned with the language policy and medium of instruction, there seems to be insufficient discussion on the subject matter of our English lessons, which, this paper argues, are ideology-ridden. Following the tradition of critical discourse analysis and…

He, An

2006-01-01

451

Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods in South Korea: Factor and Cluster Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends biotechnology discourse to cover South Korea in the Asian sub-continent showing a marked difference in perceptions between traditional and GM foods. Factor analysis suggests South Koreans may treat foods that are locally produced and those with no artificial flavors or colorings preferentially to GM foods. Additionally, South Koreans have concerns about perceived risks related to biotechnology, and,

Benjamin M. Onyango; Ramu Govindasamy; William K. Hallman; Ho-Min Jang; Venkata S. Puduri

2006-01-01

452

Mapping the Future, Mapping Education: An Analysis of the 2011 State of the Union Address  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a discourse analysis of President Barack Obama's 2011 State of the Union Address. Fredric Jameson's concepts of cognitive mapping, cultural revolution, and the unconscious are employed to examine the president's vision of educational and economic transformation. Ultimately, it is argued this vision evokes a world in which…

Collin, Ross

2012-01-01

453

U.S. "Friendly Fire" Bombing of Canadian Troops: Analysis of the Investigative Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares two military investigative reports using the techniques of corpus linguistics and drawing on the interpretive framework provided by politeness theory and critical discourse analysis. The corpus data for the study comprise two bodies of texts investigating the Kandahar "friendly fire" incident of 17 April 2002: The U.S.-led…

Albakry, Mohammed

2004-01-01

454

Surviving Online: An Analysis of How Burn Survivors Recover from Life Crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a qualitative analysis of e-mail communication between burn survivors. Grounded in 200+ e-mail messages between participants of an online support group, the study shows how burn survivors manage multiple, albeit contradictory, discourses of recovery. Using a narrative approach, we first highlight how burn survivors manage a tension between acceptance of their situation and resentment toward their circumstances.

Julien Christian Mirivel; Avinash Thombre

2010-01-01

455

Police Status, Conformity and Internal Pressure: A Discursive Analysis of Police Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a discursive analysis of interviews with eight police officers about a range of contemporary issues concerning the police force. Officers drew on three common linguistic resources (police status, conformity, and internal pressure) which are identified, illustrated and discussed in terms of their social consequences and rhetorical effectiveness. We suggest that these discourses operate collectively to maintain the

Karen Frewin; Keith Tuffin

1998-01-01

456

A Fantasy Theme Analysis of Peter Senge’s Learning Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

When it was first articulated in The Fifth Discipline, Peter Senge’s vision of the learning organization was one of a number of competing conceptions. This article examines what it was about Senge’s vision that enabled it to catch on and be assimilated so rapidly and pervasively into everyday business discourse. The method used in this study is fantasy theme analysis,

Bradley G. Jackson

2000-01-01

457

The analysis of an electronic support group for individuals with eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic newsgroups, functioning as electronic support groups, now proliferate on the Internet and commercial computer networks. Little is known about the functioning and efficacy of these groups. A discourse analysis was performed on 306 messages posted to an eating disorder electronic support group. The most common message content involved self-disclosure (31%) followed by requests for information (23%), and the direct

Andrew Winzelberg

1997-01-01

458

What's In, What's Out - An Analysis of State Educational Technology Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of dominant discourses in state educational technology plans. The potential pedagogical, political, and financial implications of state technology plans were the impetus for the current study. Our primary purpose is to understand the views promoted in these plans. The promotion of some ideas automatically implies demotion of some others. We are thus also interested in

Paul Conway

459

Discourse on safe drug use: symbolic logics and ethical aspects  

PubMed Central

Drug safety is not a matter for healthcare professionals alone. As actors, patients are also concerned, at three different levels: 1) with regard to their behaviour and choices of drugs, with a view to reducing adverse reactions, 2) with regard to the discourse sometimes used by doctors in relation to prescribed drugs, 3) with regard to the discourses of the pharmaceutical industry concerning how they use their drugs within the framework of self-medication. We will examine these aspects on the basis of data gathered in France during anthropological studies on drug use. Patients’ concerns about reducing adverse effects give rise to a series of behaviours relating to drug use. They start with the identification of what they regard as a risk inherent in the substances or linked to uncontrolled use of drugs and try to neutralize their risks by modifying or modulating the prescriptions in line with various parameters. They take into account dimensions as varied as: the nature of the prescribed drugs, the quantity, the dosage and the preservation of certain functions or organs, and follow their own rules of conduct in order to reduce risks. These dimensions bring into play both representations of the drug and representations of the person, and consider the effects or the risks of drugs in their physical, psychic, behavioural and social aspects.We consider here doctors’ discourse towards patients regarding the risks and possible effects of drugs, in particular the discourse of those who choose to hide the undesirable effects of drugs from their patients – or even to lie to them on this subject – with the aim of not jeopardizing the patient’s compliance. This situation involves comparing two logics: ethics of care versus ethics of information.Regarding the pharmaceutical industry’s discourse on self-medication and risks. Although it promotes self-medication on the basis of patients’ growing desire for autonomy and competency, the pharmaceutical industry has a discourse which stigmatizes the home medicine cabinet for reasons of safety, which in fact questions patients’ ability to use drugs properly. This analysis shows that the various behaviours and discourses relating to the risks of drugs are impregnated with symbolic, ethical and cultural logics. As a consequence, above and beyond works carried out on the question of pharmacovigilance, examining the issue of safe drug use involves studying the human (social and cultural) aspects which govern part of the discourses and practices relating to drug safety.

Fainzang, Sylvie

2010-01-01

460

Decision Analysis and Cost-effectiveness Analysis  

PubMed Central

Healthcare decision-making can be complex, often requiring decision makers to weigh serious trade-offs, consider patients’ values, and incorporate evidence in the face of uncertainty. Medical decisions are made implicitly by clinicians and other decision-makers on a daily basis. Decisions based largely on personal experience are subject to many biases. Decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis are systematic approaches used to support decision-making under conditions of uncertainty that involve important trade-offs. These mathematical tools can provide patients, physicians and policy makers with a useful approach to complex medical decision making.

Ryder, Hilary F.; McDonough, Christine; Tosteson, Anna N. A.; Lurie, Jon D.

2013-01-01

461

Abnormal discourse in semantic dementia: A data-driven approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structural and content-related deficits occur in connected discourse of patients with semantic dementia (SD). We used principal components analysis (PCA) to characterise the sources of variation in word usage during picture description by controls and SD patients. This data-driven approach allowed: comparison of the distance between individuals in the two-dimensional space; correlational analyses between principal component (PC) values and performance

Peter Garrard; Richard Forsyth

2010-01-01

462

Coh-metrix: analysis of text on cohesion and language.  

PubMed

Advances in computational linguistics and discourse processing have made it possible to automate many language- and text-processing mechanisms. We have developed a computer tool called Coh-Metrix, which analyzes texts on over 200 measures of cohesion, language, and readability. Its modules use lexicons, part-of-speech classifiers, syntactic parsers, templates, corpora, latent semantic analysis, and other components that are widely used in computational linguistics. After the user enters an English text, CohMetrix returns measures requested by the user. In addition, a facility allows the user to store the results of these analyses in data files (such as Text, Excel, and SPSS). Standard text readability formulas scale texts on difficulty by relying on word length and sentence length, whereas Coh-Metrix is sensitive to cohesion relations, world knowledge, and language and discourse characteristics. PMID:15354684

Graesser, Arthur C; McNamara, Danielle S; Louwerse, Max M; Cai, Zhiqiang

2004-05-01

463

Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis is a novel statistical technique for the analysis of two--mode and co-occurrence data, which has applications in information retrieval and filtering, natural language processing, machine learning from text, and in related areas. Compared to standard Latent Semantic Analysis which stems from linear algebra and performs a Singular Value Decomposition of co-occurrence tables, the proposed method is

Thomas Hofmann

1999-01-01

464

Art Analysis Worksheet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Look at each painting and then choose a painting that you would like to use for your art analysis. Open the paintings from the The Art Institute of Chicago?. Look at each one of them. Choose one for your art analysis. Be specific as possible while doing your art analysis. 1. View of Cotopaxi, 1857 1857. Painted by Frederic Edwin Church. American, 1826-1900. Oil on canvas, 62.2 x 92.7 cm. 2. ...

Christensen, Mrs.

2009-09-28

465

On Multistate System Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrete function theory, which extends switching function theory and multiple-valued logic function theory, is introduced into multistate system analysis. Some theoretical conclusions and algorithms which play key roles in multistate system analysis are presented. The concepts of s-coherence and duality in binary-state system analysis are generalized. The set of minimal upper (maximum lower) vectors for level j, which play the

Xue Janan

1985-01-01

466

Structural analysis equations  

Treesearch

General technical report FPL ; GTR-190. ... Description: Equations for deformation and stress, which are the basis for tension ... Keywords: Structural analysis, elasticity, bending, mathematical models, equations, mechanical properties, ...

467

Patent citation analysis: A policy analysis tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patent citation analysis is a recent development which uses bibliometric techniques to analyse the wealth of patent citation information. This paper describes the various facets of patent citations and patent citation studies, and their important applications. Construction of technology indicators being an important use of patent citations, various patent citation based technological indicators and their applications are also described.

M. M. S. Karki

1997-01-01

468

Re?imagining and rescripting the future of education: global knowledge economy discourses and the challenge to education systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using critical discourse analysis as a methodology for analysis, this paper sets out the nature and form of the challenges directed to the compulsory schooling sector by the knowledge economy that is contained in key policy and related documents put out by the OECD, the World Bank and the UK government. The OECD and the World Bank’s policy agendas are

Susan L. Robertson

2005-01-01

469

Re-Imagining and Rescripting the Future of Education: Global Knowledge Economy Discourses and the Challenge to Education Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using critical discourse analysis as a methodology for analysis, this paper sets out the nature and form of the challenges directed to the compulsory schooling sector by the knowledge economy that is contained in key policy and related documents put out by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, (OECD) the World Bank and the UK…

Robertson, Susan L.

2005-01-01

470

Smart Schools for Saving the Soul: A Juxtaposition of Neofundamentalist and Neoliberal Discourse Concentrations in Contemporary Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on an analysis of public documents produced by the government of Malaysia for the purpose of guiding the enactment of educational technology efforts in Malaysia. The analysis explores the concentration of discourses that make possible certain framings of technology in educational contexts that seek to act upon the notions of…

Thomas, Michael K.; Nayan, Rohany

2011-01-01

471

Daylighting. Design and analysis  

SciTech Connect

This book covers aspects of daylighting in commercial, institutional, industrial, and residential buildings. All types of buildings in various geographic areas are examined, with case studies, models, analytical tools, and data for calculation of annual cost and energy savings also included. This book features newly developed computer, factorial, graphic, and modeling analysis techniques. Twenty-two appendices provide data on sunlight availability for 75 cities, overlays, analysis formulas, nomograms, material reflectances, illuminance categories, and cooling-load factors. This ''stand-alone'' resource is organized to correspond to the building design process. Contents: Light: Daylight, Buildings, and Design. The Luminous Environment. The Daylight and Sunlight Resource. Daylighting Concepts: Designing Sidelighting Concepts. Designing Top and Beam Daylighting Concepts. Atria, Light Courts, and Sun Control Concepts. Planning for Daylighting. Daylighting Analysis: The Lumen Input Method of Analysis. The Daylight Factor Method of Analysis. The Flux Transfer Method of Analysis. Physical Scale Modeling of Daylight. Glare Analysis. Lighting Integration: Electric Lighting Design and Analysis. Daylight-Electric Light Integration. Appendices. Nomenclature. Bibliography. Index.

Robbins, C.L.

1985-01-01

472

Immunosensors in clinical analysis.  

PubMed

Clinical analysis requires methods of high reliability. The importance of immunosensors in clinical analysis is discussed. Due to the fact that the construction of immunosensors plays a very important role in their response characteristics, different types of immunosensor designs are highlighted. The performances of immunosensors are discussed taking into account the type of transducer utilized for construction. PMID:11225777

Stefan, R I; van Staden, J F; Aboul-Enein, H Y

473

Network vulnerability analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing volume of attacks on the Internet has increased the demand for sophisticated tools for vulnerability analysis, intrusion detection, forensic investigations, and possible responses. Current hacker tools and technologies warrant reengineering to address cyber crime and homeland security. The creation of network scanners is necessary to secure the information infrastructure by gathering network topology, intelligence, internal\\/external vulnerability analysis, and

B. Skaggs; B. Blackburn; G. Manes; S. Shenoi

2002-01-01

474

Economic analysis of law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic analysis of law concerns predicting impacts of legislative rules on incentives and behaviour of individuals and judging social efficiency of alternative legislative rules. It applies price theory, welfare theory and public choice theory on creating and applying law. One of its main shortcomings however is the lack of criteria of social efficiency. Modern history of economic analysis of law

Robert Holman

2004-01-01

475

Sample analysis at Mars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The next landed missions to Mars, such as the planned Mars Science Laboratory and ExoMars, will require sample analysis capabilities refined well beyond what has been flown to date. A key science objective driving this requirement is the determination of the carbon inventory of Mars, and particularly the detection of organic compounds. The Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) suite consists

P. Coll; M. Cabane; P. R. Mahaffy; W. B. Brinckerhoff

2004-01-01

476

Statistical data analysis  

SciTech Connect

The complexity of instrumentation sometimes requires data analysis to be done before the result is presented to the control room. This tutorial reviews some of the theoretical assumptions underlying the more popular forms of data analysis and presents simple examples to illuminate the advantages and hazards of different techniques.

Hahn, A.A.

1994-11-01

477

Crime Analysis in America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall goal of this project was to systematically and rigorously explore crime analysis operations in American law enforcement. We sincerely hope that the reader will walk away from this report more informed about the state of crime analysis in Ameri...

K. Nicholls T. C. O'Shea

2002-01-01

478

LIBRARY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

STEPS THAT THE LIBRARY CAN TAKE IN PREPARING FOR A CHANGE TO AN AUTOMATED SYSTEM WERE INVESTIGATED. THE METHOD DESCRIBED WAS BASED ON AN ANALYSIS OF CLERICAL AND OFFICE WORK CALLED INTEGRATED PROCEDURES OF CONTROL (IPC). THE APPLICATION OF LIBRARY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS (LISA) TO THE LEHIGH UNIVERSITY LIBRARY IS DESCRIBED. THIS PROCESS INVOLVED (1)…

HIEBER, CAROLINE E.; TAYLOR, ROBERT S.

479

Experimental analysis of choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental choice analysis continues to attract academic and applied attention. We review what is known about the design, conduct, analysis, and use of data from choice experiments, and indicate gaps in current knowledge that should be addressed in future research. Design strategies consistent with probabilistic models of choice process and the parallels between choice experiments and real markets are considered.

Richard T. Carson; Jordan J. Louviere; Donald A. Anderson; Phipps Arabie; David S. Bunch; David A. Hensher; Richard M. Johnson; Warren F. Kuhfeld; Dan Steinberg; Joffre Swait; Harry Timmermans; James B. Wiley

1994-01-01

480

GIS and Network Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both geographic information systems (GIS) and network analysis are burgeoning fields, characterised by rapid methodological and scientific advances in recent years. A geographic information system (GIS) is a digital computer application designed for the capture, storage, manipulation, analysis and display of geographic information. Geographic location is the element that distinguishes geographic information from all other types of information. Without location,

Manfred M. Fischer

2003-01-01

481

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

482

Slope Stability Analysis Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information as well as a downloadable demo version of a slope stability and reinforced soil analysis and design software. The software includes an analysis option which analyzes strata profile and groundwater conditions, surcharge loads and earthquake forces, slip surfaces, and reinforced soil options. Data input and editing can also be performed as well as output from the program and graphics.

2008-07-17

483

Anisotropic Neutron Transport Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is concerned with the analysis of the neutron transport equation with anisotropic phenomena. The mathematical method chosen for this analysis is the partial-range orthogonal function for the representation of the angular dependence of the pertinent angular neutronic functions. These functions are the neutron angular flux and the external sources of neutrons as well as the scattering functions. Of

El-Tantawy Abdel-Azim Attia

1976-01-01

484

Teamwork: a concept analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Title. Teamwork: a concept analysis Aim. This paper is a report of an analysis of the concept of teamwork. Background. Teamwork is seen as an important facilitator in delivering quality healthcare services internationally. However, research studies of teamwork in health care are criticized for lacking a basic conceptual understanding of what this concept represents. A universal definition for healthcare settings

Andreas Xyrichis; Emma Ream

2008-01-01

485

Prototypes and conceptual analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I explore the implications of recent empirical research on concept representation for the philosophical enterprise of conceptual analysis. I argue that conceptual analysis, as it is commonly practiced, is committed to certain assumptions about the nature of our intuitive categorization judgments. I then try to show how these assumptions clash with contemporary accounts of concept representation in

William Ramsey

1992-01-01

486

Elements of Narrative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is intended to be an introduction to narrative analysis. It introduces key terms in narrative theory (e.g. story and plot), discusses various types of narratives relevant for social studies and features three selected analytical approaches to narratives: a poetic classification, a tripartite way of reading and a deconstructive analysis. The conclusion presents some reflections on narratives as ways

Hervé Corvellec

2006-01-01

487

Extended scenario analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scenario analysis, as proposed by Rockafellar and Wets, is a stochastic programming technique employing discrete scenarios with known probabilities, usually covering several time periods. The requirement of nonaticipativity (not using future information to make present decisions) is enforced during the computational solution by using Spingarn's method of partial inverses. The scenario analysis method as proposed relies on separability (with respect

Stephen M. Robinson

1991-01-01

488

Proximate Analysis of Coal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lab experiment illustrates the use of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to perform proximate analysis on a series of coal samples of different rank. Peat and coke are also examined. A total of four exercises are described. These are dry exercises as students interpret previously recorded scans. The weight percent moisture, volatile matter,…

Donahue, Craig J.; Rais, Elizabeth A.

2009-01-01

489

Concurrent Subspaces Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A representative subspace is significant for image analysis, while the corresponding techniques often suffer from the curse of dimensionality dilemma. In this paper, we pro- pose a new algorithm, called Concurrent Subspaces Analysis (CSA), to derive representative subspaces by encoding image objects as 2 nd or even higher order ten- sors. In CSA, an original higher dimensional tensor is transformed

Dong Xu; Shuicheng Yan; Lei Zhang; Hong-Jiang Zhang; Zhengkai Liu; Heung-yeung Shum

2005-01-01

490

Interprocedural pointer alias analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present practical approximation methods for computing and representing interprocedural aliases for a program written in a language that includes pointers, reference parameters, and recursion. We present the following contributions: (1) a framework for interprocedural pointer alias analysis that handles function pointers by constructing the program call graph while alias analysis is being performed; (2) a flow-sensitive interprocedural pointer alias

Michael Hind; Michael G. Burke; Paul R. Carini; Jong-Deok Choi

1999-01-01

491

Software surety analysis process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of the High Consequence System Surety project, this work was undertaken to explore, one approach to conducting a surety theme analysis for a software-driven system. Originally, plans were to develop a theoretical approach to the analysis, and then...

S. Trauth P. Tempel

1995-01-01

492

INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theme The situation analysis, as a separate component of the strategic planning, involves collecting and analysing relevant types of information on the components of the marketing environment and their evolution on the one hand and also on the organizationâ€(tm)s resources and capabilities on the other. Objectives of the Research The main purpose of the study of the analysis techniques of

Caescu Stefan Claudiu; Popescu Andrei; Ploesteanu Mara Gabriela

2011-01-01

493

Patin Analysis Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A method for determining the nickel concentration in a plating solution by dipping a dimethyl glyoxime treated strip of analysis paper that has a baseline drawn across the width of the strip to show the depth of the plating solution to which the analysis ...

T. B. Yee W. K. Patterson

1983-01-01

494

NASA Trend Analysis Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is primarily intended for use by NASA personnel engaged in managing or implementing trend analysis programs. 'Trend analysis' refers to the observation of current activity in the context of the past in order to infer the expected level of...

1993-01-01

495

Canonical Commonality Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commonality analysis is a method of partitioning variance that has advantages over more traditional "OVA" methods. Commonality analysis indicates the amount of explanatory power that is "unique" to a given predictor variable and the amount of explanatory power that is "common" to or shared with at least one predictor variable. This paper outlines…

Leister, K. Dawn

496

Zen and Behavior Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Zen's challenge for behavior analysis is to explain a repertoire that renders analysis itself meaningless--a result following not from scientific or philosophical arguments but rather from a unique verbal history generated by Zen's methods. Untying Zen's verbal knots suggests how meditation's and koans' effects on verbal behavior contribute to…

Bass, Roger

2010-01-01

497

Laboratory analysis of stardust.  

PubMed

Tiny dust grains extracted from primitive meteorites are identified to have originated in the atmospheres of stars on the basis of their anomalous isotopic compositions. Although isotopic analysis with the ion microprobe plays a major role in the laboratory analysis of these stardust grains, many other microanalytical techniques are applied to extract the maximum amount of information. PMID:23231704

Zinner, Ernst

2013-01-07

498

Miniaturized Fluorescence Analysis System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

According to embodiments of the present invention, a fluorescence analysis system includes a light emitting diode (LED) array to excite a fluorophor sample for analysis. The system includes an LED array driver that pulses the LEDs in the array with curren...

A. E. Moe D. M. Wilson

2005-01-01

499

Analysis of Industrial Wastewaters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A comprehensive, documented discussion of certain operating principles useful as guidelines for the analysis of industrial wastewaters is presented. Intended primarily for the chemist, engineer, or other professional person concerned with all aspects of industrial wastewater analysis, it is not to be considered as a substitute for standard…

Mancy, K. H.; Weber, W. J., Jr.

500

Designing Multimedia: Seven Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes that new design discourses are necessary if interactive learning resources are to effectively combine the skills of all members of the development team. As educational products take shape, there are numerous discourses between members of the team that lead to the development of an effective interactive resource. This paper…

Hedberg, John

2004-01-01