Note: This page contains sample records for the topic anatomy project nci from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results. Last update: August 15, 2014.
The overall objective of the Mouse-Human AnatomyProject (MHAP) was to facilitate the mapping and harmonization of anatomical terms used for mouse and human models by Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The anatomy resources designated for this study were the Adult Mouse Anatomy (MA) ontology and the set of anatomy concepts contained in the NCI Thesaurus (NCIt). Several methods and software tools were identified and evaluated, then used to conduct an in-depth comparative analysis of the anatomy ontologies. Matches between mouse and human anatomy terms were determined and validated, resulting in a highly curated set of mappings between the two ontologies that has been used by other resources. These mappings will enable linking of data from mouse and human. As the anatomy ontologies have been expanded and refined, the mappings have been updated accordingly. Insights are presented into the overall process of comparing and mapping between ontologies, which may prove useful for further comparative analyses and ontology mapping efforts, especially those involving anatomy ontologies. Finally, issues concerning further development of the ontologies, updates to the mapping files, and possible additional applications and significance were considered. DATABASE URL: http://obofoundry.org/cgi-bin/detail.cgi?id=ma2ncit. PMID:22434834
Hayamizu, Terry F; de Coronado, Sherri; Fragoso, Gilberto; Sioutos, Nicholas; Kadin, James A; Ringwald, Martin
Very often, some type of writing assignment is required in college entry-level Human Anatomy and Physiology courses. This assignment can be anything from an essay to a research paper on the literature, focusing on a faculty-approved topic of interest to the student. As educators who teach Human Anatomy and Physiology at an urban community college,…
Page of 6Working Group Rosters: NCI Concise Informed Consent Template Project Role Working Group 1 (Beginning of template – background, required tests, intervention sections) Working Group 2 (Risks and benefits sections) Working Group 3 (Alternatives,
This article reviews online (Internet) anatomyprojects and multimedia productions (books and CD-ROMs) based on the Visible Human Project (VHP) of the United States National Library of Medicine. The focus of these projects and productions is on the teaching of 3D anatomy using the digitized sections of the visible human male and female. The article also provides information about the VHP, its goals and what it has achieved thus far. PMID:12486739
Felicia M. Solomon, MPH, OESI, NCI; Margo Michaels, MPH, OESI, NCI; and Maria Sgambati, MD, DCEG, NCI, Jalaima Graham, MPH, Children’s National Medical Center, Department of Dentistry Life After Risk Models: An NCIProject to Develop a Web Site to
Plan and display your projects using a tree-style diagram known as a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Chart. WBS charts display the structure of a project showing how the project is broken down into summary and detail levels. Plan new projects using an intuitive "top-down" approach or display existing Microsoft Project plans in an easy to understand diagram.
SNPs (Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms), the most common DNA variant in humans, represent a valuable resource for the genetic analysis of cancer and other illnesses. These markers may be used in a variety of ways to investigate the genetic underpinnings of disease. In gene-based studies, the correlations between allelic variants of genes of interest and particular disease states are assessed. An extensive collection of SNP markers may enable entire molecular pathways regulating cell metabolism, growth, or differentiation to be analyzed by this approach. In addition, high-resolution genetic maps based on SNPs will greatly facilitate linkage analysis and positional cloning. The National Cancer Institute's CGAP-GAI (Cancer Genome AnatomyProject Genetic Annotation Initiative) group has identified 10,243 SNPs by examining publicly available EST (Expressed Sequence Tag) chromatograms. More than 6800 of these polymorphisms have been placed on expression-based integrated genetic/physical maps. In addition to a set of comprehensive SNP maps, we have produced maps containing single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes expressed in breast, colon, kidney, liver, lung, or prostate tissue. The integrated maps, a SNP search engine, and a Java-based tool for viewing candidate SNPs in the context of EST assemblies can be accessed via the CGAP-GAI web site (http://cgap.nci.nih.gov/GAI/). Our SNP detection tools are available to the public for noncommercial use. [The sequence data described in this paper have been submitted to the db SNP data library under accession nos. SS8196–SS18418.
Whether your project is small or large, the templates available below provide you with easy to use tools for managing your projects in a consistent manner. A brief purpose statement is included for each template. Please click on the link to begin the download process.
This article describes the development of a Humanities in Gross AnatomyProject (HuGA) course for physical therapy students. The purpose of the course is to have physical therapy students reflect on the humanistic side of cadaver donation. Curriculum and outcomes of course are described.
Craig Canby (College of Osteopathic Medicine, Des Moines University Anatomy); Traci Bush (College of Health Sciences, Des Moines University Physical Therapy Program)
This workshop is designed to address common challenges and issues facing group leaders, managers, and supervisors. We will discuss project management and leadership techniques that will prepare individuals to prepare, track, and report the metrics needed to make sound business decisions. You will learn how to prepare meaningful schedules and be equipped with the tools and skills to provide accurate and timely budget and resource information.
This presentation highlights our experiences with our first digitization project: digitizing 300 doctoral dissertations in-house for an institutional repository. We start at the beginning: selecting team members and identifying their roles, choosing the right repository system, and identifying a manageable first project. After this background information, we detail our current project. We include administrative information such as how we have
We demonstrate the feasibility of optical angiography on live mice using a new photoacoustic computed tomography (PCT) scanner. The scanner uses a sparse array of discrete ultrasound detectors geometrically arranged to capture 128 simultaneous radial "projections" through a 25-mm-diameter volume of interest. Denser sets of interleaved radial projections are acquired by rotating the sparse array continuously about its vertical axis during data acquisition. The device has been designed specifically for imaging laboratory mice, which remain stationary during data collection. Angiographic data are acquired at a rate of 1280 radial projections per second following a bolus injection of 2 mg/mL of indocyanine green (ICG).
Lam, Richard B.; Kruger, Robert A.; Reinecke, Daniel R.; Delrio, Stephen P.; Thornton, Michael M.; Picot, Paul A.; Morgan, Timothy G.
NCI’s Provocative Questions project has announced that it is now seeking applications from researchers eager to influence the state of cancer research by tackling potentially game-changing, but perplexing, scientific questions that could drive progress against cancer. The grants will support research projects using sound and innovative research strategies to solve specific problems and paradoxes in cancer research.
Objective:This poster describes the Library’s first digitization project: digitizing 300 doctoral dissertations in-house for an institutional repository. The Library hopes to provide a showcase for the medical school’s research, teaching, and scholarship; promote open access to research; and make available an easy way for faculty and researchers to promote and distribute their work.\\u000aMethod:The Library Director established a team to
Background The anatomy course offers important opportunities to develop professionalism at an early stage in medical education. It is an academically significant course that also engenders stress in some students. Methods Over a three-year period, 115 of 297 students completed creative projects. Thirty-four project completers and 47 non-completers consented to participate in the study. Projects were analyzed for professionalism themes using grounded theory. A subset of project completers and non-completers were interviewed to determine their views about the stress of anatomy and medical school, as well as the value of the creative projects. We also compared test performance of project completers and non-completers. Results Projects completed early in the course often expressed ambivalence about anatomy, whereas later projects showed more gratitude and sense of awe. Project completers tended to report greater stress than noncompleters, but stated that doing projects reduced stress and caused them to develop a richer appreciation for anatomy and medicine. Project completers performed significantly lower than non-completers on the first written exam (pre-project). Differences between groups on individual exams after both the first and second creative project were nonsignificant. Conclusion For some students, creative projects may offer a useful way of reflecting on various aspects of professionalism while helping them to manage stress.
Shapiro, Johanna; Nguyen, Vincent P; Mourra, Sarah; Boker, John R; Ross, Marianne; Thai, Trung M; Leonard, Robert J
NCI Materials Related Resources Breast Cancer Home Page Report to the U.S. Congress: The Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project, November 2004The report summarizes the activities and accomplishments of the LIBCSP. Results from the primary hypotheses
The increasing number of digital anatomy teaching software packages challenges anatomy educators on how to best integrate these tools for teaching and learning. Realistically, there exists a complex interplay of design, implementation, politics, and learning needs in the development and integration of software for education, each of which may be…
Gross anatomy affords physical therapy students an opportunity to discover human morphology by intimately studying the dead. Moreover, it also exposes future physical therapists to the humanistic aspects of the profession. In 2007, anatomy faculty decided to socialize students to the humanities with a new course requirement: Humanities in Gross…
National Cancer Institute Director Richard Klausner, M.D., today testified before the House Subcommittee on Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations that for the first time, between 1996 and 1997, the total number of cancer deaths in the United States did not rise, despite a growing and aging population.
To generate motivation and promote the development of written communication skills, students in a freshman-level anatomy and physiology course for nonmajors created group webpages describing historically important diseases. After the groups had been formed, each individual was assigned specific components of the disease (e.g., causes or…
The goal of this project is to analyze the requirements, develop, and implement a facility-wide single accessioning system currently fulfilled by the CSAS, Yellow Task systems as well as the TSA process.
The increasing number of digital anatomy teaching software packages challenges anatomy educators on how to best integrate these tools for teaching and learning. Realistically, there exists a complex interplay of design, implementation, politics, and learning needs in the development and integration of software for education, each of which may be further amplified by the somewhat siloed roles of programmers, faculty, and students. LINDSAY Presenter is newly designed software that permits faculty and students to model and manipulate three-dimensional anatomy presentations and images, while including embedded quizzes, links, and text-based content. A validated tool measuring impact across pedagogy, resources, interactivity, freedom, granularity, and factors outside the immediate learning event was used in conjunction with observation, field notes, and focus groups to critically examine the impact of attitudes and perceptions of all stakeholders in the early implementation of LINDSAY Presenter before and after a three-week trial period with the software. Results demonstrate that external, personal media usage, along with students' awareness of the need to apply anatomy to clinical professional situations drove expectations of LINDSAY Presenter. A focus on the software over learning, which can be expected during initial orientation, surprisingly remained after three weeks of use. The time-intensive investment required to create learning content is a detractor from user-generated content and may reflect the consumption nature of other forms of digital learning. Early excitement over new technologies needs to be tempered with clear understanding of what learning is afforded, and how these constructively support future application and integration into professional practice. PMID:22791664
Eye Anatomy en Español email Send this article to a friend by filling out the fields below: Your name: ... You at Risk For Glaucoma? Childhood Glaucoma Eye Anatomy Five Common Glaucoma Tests Glaucoma Facts and Stats ...
This fascinating and informative website was created by a high school teacher in Granite City, Missouri. It brings together a wide range of resources designed to help students learn about anatomy. The materials are divided into three sections: Anatomy Galleries, Anatomy Topics, and Virtual Cat Dissection. The Anatomy Galleries area provides slides, photos, and illustrative materials related to eye dissection, sheep heart dissection, and cat muscles. The Anatomy Topics area includes overviews of the major body systems, including the nervous, circulatory, and endocrine systems. The site also includes a Virtual Cat Dissection, which walks interested parties through this process.
Data spanning the nine year life of a culturally-oriented field project sponsored by Indiana University indicated the feasibility and productive impact of intensive teacher preparation experiences in a cultural community (Native American) where the trainee (Anglo) functioned in the role of a minority person. For 9 consecutive years, 291 preservice…
Describes the results of a nine-year field project designed to provide multicultural education to student teachers through intensive immersion in Navajo and Hopi cultures. Emphasizes the impact of intensive teacher preparation experiences in a cultural community where the trainee must function in the role of a minority person. (Author/MJL)
Please find links below: Human Anatomy Human Anatomy Online Human Body - Gray s Anatomy - Digestive Aparatus MEDtropolis - Virtual Body - can be viewed in English or Spanish. Contains tours of the Human Brain, Skeleton, Human Heart, and Digestive Tract. Respiratory System National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute HealthTalk COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) American Lung Association - Disease Finder Association of Legal Aid Attorneys/UAW 2325 Canadian Lung Association Kids Health Family Living and Personal Living - Ms. Schultz added this link because on this page there is CDC, American ...
There might not be such a thing as "instant" anatomy, but this nice site does offer up some podcasts on the matter that can provide a pathway to anatomical enlightenment. The site was created by Robert Whitaker, a professor of clinically applied topographical anatomy in the United Kingdom. Visitors can wander through a range of useful instructional materials here, and the nine free podcasts are some of the best items available. The titles include "Surface Anatomy," "Classification of the Joints," "Venous Drainage of the Limbs," and "Principles of Movements at Joints in the Upper Limb." Also, users have access to several free podcast apps, including a series of flashcards and embryology diagrams.
anatomy The nasal cavity is a potential space situated above the oral cavity and hard palate and below the skull base and intracranial ... of one or both sides of the nasal cavity. The left and right nasal cavities become continuous ...
NCI’s primary mission is to conduct and fund cancer research. Approximately 80 percent of the annual NCI budget is spent on cancer research at more than 650 institutions in communities across the United States and in other countries. Approximately 15 percent of the annual NCI budget is spent on cancer research conducted at NCI in Maryland. Approximately 5 percent of the annual NCI budget is spent on administration and management.
The EMuseum at the University of Minnesota-Mankato provides this educational site on human anatomy. Although some parts of the site are still under construction, the Introduction to the Skeletal System section offers a straightforward introduction to the topic, complete with black-and-white skeletal photographs. Topics in this section include skeletal functions, axial and appendicular divisions, types of bone, bone composition, and a brief list of anatomical terms. For educators of introductory human anatomy, this site should provide interesting supplemental information.
Interventional palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) could reduce the current morbidity and mortality. Stenting of the arterial duct is the critical interventional step for HLHS. We reviewed our experience with 40 consecutive patients with HLHS referred for stenting of the ductus arterious (DA). Thirty-nine of 40 (97%) infants had suitable anatomy and were successfully stented. The infants were
NCI Community Cancer Centers Program NCCCP Program Advisory Committee 1 Maureen Johnson, PhD Norman Coleman, MD NCCCP Project Officer Special Advisor Special Assistant to the Director Radiation Oncology Branch, NIH 31 Center Drive
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) SBIR Development Center announces the opportunity for current STTR Phase I and Phase II grantees to seek supplemental project funding via the Administrative Supplement mechanism.
NCI today announced a cancer biorepository pilot project designed to standardize biospecimen collection and management among investigators of the NCI's prostate cancer Specialized Programs of Research Excellence. The project will enhance the quality and availability of various biospecimens and associated data for the broader scientific community.
The experience of clinical teachers as well as research results about senior medical students' understanding of basic science concepts has much been debated. To gain a better understanding about how this knowledge-transformation is managed by medical students, this work aims at investigating their ways of setting about learning anatomy.…
Wilhelmsson, Niklas; Dahlgren, Lars Owe; Hult, Hakan; Scheja, Max; Lonka, Kirsti; Josephson, Anna
The College of Education and Human Development at the University of Minnesota has created this interactive and engaging set of resources designed to help college students learn about anatomy and physiology. Along with the learning modules, visitors can also take part in the rather fun "Anatomy Bowl". Here visitors can take on topics like biochemistry, the heart, and the reproductive system in a format that is quite similar to a certain popular television game show. Moving along, there's the "Self Test" section. Here visitors can take quizzes of varying lengths designed to test their knowledge of fifteen different subjects, including the endocrine system and the lymphatic system. The site also contains a "Timed Tests" area and a more comprehensive "Quiz Bowl" which allows visitors the opportunity to answer seventeen questions across a myriad of topics.
Created by Professor Robert Whitaker, this website was designed to teach medical students about anatomy. Visitors to the site will find a range of materials, including diagrams, illustrations, quizzes, tips, mnemonics, and so on. On the homepage, visitors will find a What's New area, which includes podcasts that deal with subjects such as the small muscles of the hand and the anatomy of the posterior forearm. Other sections on the homepage include Head & Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Arm, and Leg. Each of these sections includes dozens of illustrations, along with some useful Brain Training Games. These games are designed to increase comprehension of the materials covered in each area. Moving on, the Lectures area includes talks such as "Parasympathetic Supply of the Head," "Cortical Control of Cranial Nerves," and several others. The site is rounded out by a collection of iPhone and iPad apps, along with a set of detailed flash cards.
... Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Normal Pancreas Anatomy View/Download: Small: 761x736 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Normal Pancreas Anatomy Description: Anatomy of the pancreas; drawing shows the ...
This link on the American Anatomists Association (AAA) provides students and teachers with a one stop site for review of anatomy textbook and education resources (ex: flash cards and atlases). Textbooks include clinical anatomy, human anatomy and specialized regions.
NCI Exhibit Booth #2045 Connect with NCI experts, order free publications, and learn about NCI programs and initiatives. Meet the Experts Sessions Saturday, June 1 10:00 am NCI Fellowship and Career Development Award Opportunities Ming Lei,
Updated: 02/02/2011 Updated: 02/02/2011 Links to NCI Materials Final Results from the NSABP Breast Cancer Prevention Trial Reported(Posted: 11/15/2005) - Researchers from the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project who conducted the landmark
The NCI Funded Research Portfolio (NFRP) web site contains information about research grants, contract awards, and intramural research projects funded by the National Cancer Institute. The NFRP provides access to various NCI budget reports that contain information about research funding according to specific research categories.
Anatomy truly gets interactive via these collection of fun and engaging games, videos, and other multimedia excursions. The site was created by Ben Crossett, a science teacher in Australia. Several years ago, he decided to craft some new resources like "Poke a Muscle" and "Whack-A-Bone" that would be both entertaining and educational. Visitors can look at the Games By Body System to get started, or they can also look over the Games By Type area. The types of games here include jigsaw puzzles, crosswords, word searches, and the nice catch all Just For Fun. The activities are also made interesting by the mere fact that they contain catchy visuals and jaunty tunes. The site also includes a place where teachers can offer feedback and an area just for students.
Bartelby.com (last reviewed in the May 12, 2000 Scout Report) has placed yet another classic reference work online. This time, it's the 20th edition (1918) of Henry Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body. At Bartleby, the classic is given a new feel, with its 1,247 illustrations ("many in color and unchanged since the first edition of 1859") rendered in multiple resolutions, and its 13,000 entries presented in an encyclopedic subject index with hyperlinks to their respective pages and illustrations in the text. As with other Bartleby texts, access is free and the electronic book is searchable by keyword or browseable via the table of contents. The illustrations may also be accessed directly and browsed by thumbnail.
This website, crafted by the State University of New York-Upstate Medical University, brings together key resources for students and others interested in human anatomy. These materials were designed with first year medical students in mind, but they will also be of use to individuals taking biology and other science-related courses. On the site, visitors can make their way through six sections ranging from extremities to the head and neck. Each area contains a variety of detailed anatomical charts, glossaries, and images. Radiology resources are also prominently featured within each section, providing students with a different perspective of the human body through x-rays, CT scans, and MRIs. Other helpful resources include fact sheets, quizzes, teaching materials, and other freely available course materials offered from other medical schools.
The nail unit comprises the nail plate, the surrounding soft tissues, and their vasculature and innervation based upon the distal phalanx. The nail plate is a laminated keratinized structure lying on the nail matrix (15-25%), the nail bed with its distal onychodermal band (75-85%), and the hyponychium at its free edge. The distal part of the matrix, the lunula characterized by its half-moon shape, can be observed in some digits. The nail plate is embedded by the proximal and lateral folds. From the proximal nail fold, the cuticle (also known as the eponychium), adheres to the superficial surface of the proximal nail plate. The nail unit possesses a complex and abundant vascular network to ensure adequate blood supply. Finally, both the periungual soft tissues and the nail folds are innervated. The shapes, structure, and inter-relationships of these tissues are factors in the way nails present with disease and how we understand and manage those diseases. In particular, an understanding of the surgical anatomy is important for those undertaking diagnostic or curative operations on the nail. With this knowledge, the most appropriate surgery can be planned and the patient can be provided with accurate and clear guidance to enable informed consent. PMID:24079579
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) SBIR Development Center announces the opportunity for current STTR Phase I and Phase II grantees to seek supplemental project funding via the Administrative Supplement mechanism.
...OMB Review; 30-Day Comment Request: Cancer Trials Support Unit (CTSU) (NCI) SUMMARY...days for public comment. The National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes...proposed project contact: Michael Montello, Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program,...
... get email updates Please leave this field empty Anatomy of the Brain SHARE Share on Facebook Preview ... Cancel Close Finish Home > Brain Tumor Information > Brain Anatomy Listen The brain and spinal cord together form ...
The Hawai‘i Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) successfully drilled ?3.1 km into the island of Hawai‘i. Drilling started on Mauna Loa volcano, drilling 247 m of subaerial lavas before encountering 832 m of subaerial Mauna Kea lavas, followed by 2019 m of submarine Mauna Kea volcanic and sedimentary units. The 2.85 km stratigraphic record of Mauna Kea volcano spans back to
Michael O. Garcia; Eric H. Haskins; Edward M. Stolper; Michael Baker
Ruparelia, Avnika A.; Simkin, Johanna E.; Salgado, David; Newgreen, Donald F.; Martins, Gabriel G.; Bryson-Richardson, Robert J.
Ruparelia, Avnika A; Simkin, Johanna E; Salgado, David; Newgreen, Donald F; Martins, Gabriel G; Bryson-Richardson, Robert J
NCI Digital Media Guidelines NCI Digital Media Guidelines The NCI Digital Media Guidelines provide developers and content managers guidance on the visual and content standards, as well as policies and procedures, in effect for National Cancer Institute
This website provides a collection of anatomy atlases and encyclopedias including: Atlas of Human Anatomy, Atlas in Human Anatomy in Cross Section, Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation, Atlas of Microscopic Anatomy - A Functional Approach, and Anatomy of First Aid. Within each resource, images, original plates, and descriptions relevant to the image are provided.
PhD Ronald A Bergman (University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine)
As the nation's leading federal agency for cancer research, NCI has 30 divisions, offices, and centers who work together to build, maintain, and enhance a cohesive and comprehensive cancer research agenda.
For decades, lead compounds were tested principally in mice. The downsides were time, expense, and limited accuracy. Enter NCI’s In Vitro Cell Line Screening Project, better known as the NCI-60, a protocol that makes it possible to analyze the anti-cancer properties of a compound in human tumor samples from 60 different cell cultures, sometimes referred to as lines, representing several different types of cancer.
The Spring Research Festival NICBR Research Collaboration Forum specifically invites speakers who have been working on a collaborative project between 2 or more NICBR partners at Ft. Detrick (e.g. NCI and USAMRIID). Attend the NICBR Research Collaboration Forum on May 6th in NCI at Frederick’s Building 549 Auditorium.
Anatomy is one of the oldest branches of medicine, with historical records dating back at least as far as the 3rd century\\u000a bc; animal research dates back equally as far. Aristotle (384–322 bc) studied comparative animal anatomy and physiology, and Erasistratus of Ceos (304–258 bc) studied live animal anatomy and physiology (1). Galen of Pergamum (129–199 ad) is probably the
This website provides course information for intensive course study during summer school at the University of Portland. The courses available include: Anatomy, Anatomy Lab, Physiology and Physiology Lab.
NCI Exhibit Booth #2047 Connect with NCI experts, order free publications, and learn about NCI programs and initiatives. Meet the Experts Sessions Saturday, June 2 Overview of NCI's CRCHD Funding Opportunities for Young Clinical Investigators 10:00 a.m.Speaker
Anatomy departments across Africa were surveyed regarding the type of curriculum and method of delivery of their medical courses. While the response rate was low, African anatomy departments appear to be in line with the rest of the world in that many have introduced problem based learning, have hours that are within the range of western medical…
Kramer, Beverley; Pather, Nalini; Ihunwo, Amadi O.
NCI's official colors are red and gray. To create a strong, cohesive NCI presence and an intuitive website experience, the main NCI website was designed in light of this color scheme. NCI's official colors are used consistently throughout the main NCI website to help create a uniform look for the site and to reinforce the tie between the site's home page and its constituent pages.
This Word document contains the course syllabus (with schedule) for a one-quarter (i.e. 10 week), five-credit undergraduate human anatomy course, which serves health science majors from multiple areas. This course was designed to either meet for lecture three days a week (1.5 hour lectures; the posted syllabus is based on three lectures per week) or five days a week (50 minute lectures), along with laboratory once a week (2 hour lab). The laboratory portion of the course uses prosected cadavers, bones, and models. This basic human anatomy course normally has between 200-450 students registered per quarter.
Dr. Jennifer M Burgoon (The Ohio State University Division of Anatomy)
This collection of atlases and textbooks is intended to educate patients, healthcare providers, and students in anatomy. Topics include human anatomy, human anatomy in cross-section, microscopic anatomy, anatomy of first aid, human anatomic variation, and osteology. The collection includes both historic and modern atlases, is searchable by keyword or term, and includes a frequently-asked-questions feature. Other materials include user reviews and links to related digital libraries.
Programs and Projects Lung and Upper Aerodigestive Cancers Research Group Research Portfolio Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Lung and Upper Aerodigestive Cancer Research Group. Use the Advanced Search to choose Division
Programs and Projects PREVENT Cancer Drug Development Program Clinical Trials of Chemoprevention Agents Chemoprevention Agent Development Research Portfolio Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Chemoprevention Agent
U.S.-Mexico Cytogenetics Laboratory Standardization ProjectApril 7-8, 2011Mexico City, MexicoThis workshop included site visits and a one-day workshop with institutions and laboratories located near Mexico City to determine the current state-of-the-science and to introduce a pilot program for the standardization of cytogenetics testing, reporting, and review. The workshop was co-organized by NCI, American Society of Hematology (ASH), and Agrupación Mexicana para el Estudio de la Hematología (AMEH).
Students use information from newspaper articles to write a paper or presentation on the correlation of information from the article and their understanding of it using knowledge gained in anatomy and physiology class.
Teresa Alvarez (St. Louis Community College Forest Park AHNS)
This Web site contains the educational materials for Dream Anatomy, a new exhibit at the National Library of Medicine. Viewable online, the exhibit offers a somewhat macabre but undeniably fascinating survey of changes in anatomical representation over the last five centuries. Recently added to the main Dream Anatomy Web site, Learning Station provides lesson plans and activities intended for 6-12 graders. The material can be used exhibit or its online version. The lesson plans titled Beginnings of Anatomical Illustrations (grades 6-12) and Anatomical Metaphors (grades 7-8) have especially strong life sciences applications. Other online activities offer "fun ways for high school and older students to explore the content of Dream Anatomy." Altogether, Dream Anatomy Learning Station offers students a unique look at the intersection of art, science, and the imagination.
NCI Workshop Advanced Technologies for Breast Cancer Radiation of Intact Breast Excellent LOCAL CONTROL (95 % at 5 years) achieved with standard dose 50 Gy Whole Breast plus boost to primary site NO NEED to Dose Escalate OARs: Skin, Lung, Heart (Left
The project focuses on the problem of presenting a human anatomical 3D model associated with other types of human systemic information ranging from physiological to anatomical information while navigating the 3D model. We propose a solution that integrates a visual 3D interface and navigation features with the display of structured information contained in an ontology of anatomy where the structures of the human body are formally and semantically linked. The displayed and annotated anatomy serves as a visual entry point into a patient's anatomy, medical indicators and other information. The ontology of medical information provides labeling to the highlighted anatomical parts in the 3D display. Because of the logical organization and links between anatomical objects found in the ontology and associated 3D model, the analysis of a structure by a physician is greatly enhanced. Navigation within the 3D visualization and between this visualization and objects representing anatomical concepts within the model is also featured.
This article describes a teaching method that incorporates real world application of anatomy. To apply student's anatomy skills, anatomy students were educated on self defense moves and the anatomy involved to make each action occur.
Dr. Pamela S Stein (University of Kentucky College of Medicine Anatomy and Neurobiology); Dr. April D Richardson (University of Kentucky College of Medicine Anatomy and Neurobiology); Dr. Sandra D Challman (University of Kentucky College of Dentistry Instructional Technology Center)
This tool provides users an interactive overview of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) budget and Fact Book data since Fiscal Year 1999. Additional historical NCI budget information can be obtained through the NCI Fact Book Collection.
This article describes the struggles anatomy education in the United Kingdom is facing, in particular available time and quality instruction for dissection labs. Described are the historical and modern teaching strategies used in anatomy and highlights of the positives and negatives of each. The focus of the author's statement is to highlight the need for a focus in anatomy pedagogy research and anatomy instructor programs.
Kapil Sugand (Imperial College London School of Medicine); Ashish Khurana (University Hospital of Wale Orthopedics)
Sessions Featuring NCI Staff During ASCO’s 2014 Annual Meeting there are different session types in which NCI staff will speak. To see the NCI at ASCO schedule click here: Friday, May 30, 2014 Saturday, May 31, 2014 Sunday, June 1, 2014 Monday, June
With one of the most well regarded veterinary schools in the United States, the University of Minnesota continues to break new ground in the training of new veterinarians. Of course, more and more of these training materials are finding their way to the web, and this site will be quite helpful to those persons with an interest in this particular field. Created by different faculty members, the materials here are categorized by the course they are most commonly associated with, such as gross anatomy or neurobiology. In the gross anatomy section, visitors will find materials that include a glossary of terms related to veterinary anatomy and dissections, animations that illustrate the major gaits of various quadrupeds, and the nervous system pathways of canines. The neurobiology section contains instructional materials that include information about brain dissection neuroanatomy and neurohistology.
As more and more individuals elect to enter the various health science professions, there is an increased demand for teaching resources designed to keep students aware of basic skills and techniques. Created by the University of Washington, these radiology anatomy teaching modules are designed to supplement regular instruction and to serve as a reference resource for medical educators and students. Along the left side of the site visitors will find a muscle atlas, an online radiology guide, and the "Teaching Files" area. Further down the homepage, visitors will find the "Anatomy Teaching Modules" section. Here visitors can take advantage of modules that cover the basic radiographic anatomy of selected parts of the skeleton and related resources.
With one of the most well regarded veterinary schools in the United States, the University of Minnesota continues to break new ground in the training of new veterinarians on a regular basis. Of course, more and more of these training materials are finding their way to the web, and this site will be quite helpful to those persons with an interest in this particular field. Created by different faculty members, the materials here are categorized by the course they are most commonly associated with, such as gross anatomy or neurobiology. In the gross anatomy section, visitors will find materials that include a glossary of terms related to veterinary anatomy and dissections, animations that illustrate the major gaits of various quadrupeds, and the nervous system pathways of canines. The neurobiology section contains instructional materials that include information about brain dissection neuroanatomy and neurohistology.
Background Anatomy ontologies are query-able classifications of anatomical structures. They provide a widely-used means for standardising the annotation of phenotypes and expression in both human-readable and programmatically accessible forms. They are also frequently used to group annotations in biologically meaningful ways. Accurate annotation requires clear textual definitions for terms, ideally accompanied by images. Accurate grouping and fruitful programmatic usage requires high-quality formal definitions that can be used to automate classification and check for errors. The Drosophila anatomy ontology (DAO) consists of over 8000 classes with broad coverage of Drosophila anatomy. It has been used extensively for annotation by a range of resources, but until recently it was poorly formalised and had few textual definitions. Results We have transformed the DAO into an ontology rich in formal and textual definitions in which the majority of classifications are automated and extensive error checking ensures quality. Here we present an overview of the content of the DAO, the patterns used in its formalisation, and the various uses it has been put to. Conclusions As a result of the work described here, the DAO provides a high-quality, queryable reference for the wild-type anatomy of Drosophila melanogaster and a set of terms to annotate data related to that anatomy. Extensive, well referenced textual definitions make it both a reliable and useful reference and ensure accurate use in annotation. Wide use of formal axioms allows a large proportion of classification to be automated and the use of consistency checking to eliminate errors. This increased formalisation has resulted in significant improvements to the completeness and accuracy of classification. The broad use of both formal and informal definitions make further development of the ontology sustainable and scalable. The patterns of formalisation used in the DAO are likely to be useful to developers of other anatomy ontologies.
Spatial ability is an important factor in learning anatomy. Students with high scores on a mental rotation test (MRT) systematically score higher on anatomy examinations. This study aims to investigate if learning anatomy also oppositely improves the MRT-score. Five hundred first year students of medicine ("n" = 242, intervention) and…
Vorstenbosch, Marc A. T. M.; Klaassen, Tim P. F. M.; Donders, A. R. T.; Kooloos, Jan G. M.; Bolhuis, Sanneke M.; Laan, Roland F. J. M.
This paper studies mathematical methods in the emerging new discipline of Computational Anatomy. Herein we formalize the Brown\\/Washington University model of anatomy following the global pattern theory introduced in [1, 2], in which anatomies are represented as deformable templates, collections of 0; 1; 2; 3 dimensional manifolds. Typical structure is carried by the template with the variabilities accommodated via the
Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Prostate and Urologic Cancer Research Group. Use the Advanced Search to choose Division of Cancer Prevention and a topic or program director name.
Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Breast and Gynecologic Research Group. Use the Advanced Search to choose Division of Cancer Prevention and a topic or program director name.
Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Gastrointestinal and Other Cancers Research Group. Use the Advanced Search to choose Division of Cancer Prevention and a topic or program director name.
Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Nutritional Sciences Research Group. Use the Advanced Search to choose Division of Cancer Prevention and a topic or program director name.
Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Community Oncology and Prevention Trials Research Group. Use the Advanced Search to choose Division of Cancer Prevention and a topic or program director name.
Search the NCI-Funded Research Portfolio for projects supported by the Division of Cancer Prevention. Use the Advanced Search to choose Division of Cancer Prevention and a topic or program director name.
This website created by faculty at the University of Zurich and University of Australia provides mini-lectures on regional anatomy. The lectures are broken up by the head, neck & trunk, upper limb, lower Limb, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Quizzes for each region are also available.
This document features review questions, crossword puzzles, and word search puzzles on human anatomy. Topics include: (1) Anatomical Terminology; (2) The Skeletal System and Joints; (3) The Muscular System; (4) The Nervous System; (5) The Eye and Ear; (6) The Circulatory System and Blood; (7) The Respiratory System; (8) The Urinary System; (9) The…
Interactive grasshopper anatomy lessons. Mouthparts, legs, abdomen, various sutures are all featured, as well as well as more general discussions about the types of insect antennae,wings, legs, and mouthparts. An excellent flash demonstration of mouthpart modifications is also featured.
Discusses normal anogenital anatomy in children in relation to the medical evaluation of child sexual abuse and summarizes state of current knowledge. Suggestions for further research, including cross-sectional studies comparing normal and abused children, and cross-sectional and longitudinal studies comparing different racial/ethnic groups.…
In this insect morphology exercise, students study the external anatomy of the worker honeybee. The structures listed and illustrated are discussed in relation to their functions. A goal of the exercise is to establish the bee as a well-adapted, social insect. (MA)
This book provides a lavishly illustrated survey of the anatomy of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans. It will undoubtedly be useful and illuminating for the thousands of scientists who use C. elegans as their primary research organism, or to those contemplating a move into C. elegans research. It should also be of considerable value to anyone interested in biological structure
The services of LASP laboratories and facilities may be accessed using the "Yellow Task Request System" and Accessions System. These web-based systems enable investigators to request services and obtain cost and time estimates for each project. NCI approval is an integral function of these processes, which ensures that adequate funding and other resources are available to perform the work.
The Senior Investigator moved to the NCI during FY2011 and hired personnel to set up a research laboratory during the first half of FY2012. A Staff Scientist was recruited in November 2011, and this individual initially helped to set up the laboratory; this scientist then began working on this RMS methylation project in March 2012.
This web-based system enables investigators to request services and obtain cost and time estimates for each project. NCI approval is an integral function of this process, which ensures that adequate funding and other resources are available to perform the work.
The NCI, in collaboration with the Department of Veterans Affairs, is supporting a research consortium of grantees to measure the quality of cancer care and associated health outcomes in the United States. This project supports prospective research in a cohort of approximately 10,000 patients with lung cancer or colorectal cancer recruited from geographically diverse populations and health care systems.
A resubmission is submission of an application that has previously been reviewed. The NCI will accept only a single resubmission to the NExT Program. If the resubmission also fails to receive access to NCI resources, the applicant should submit a new application. A new application is defined as either a completely new project or one that has been substantially redesigned. It should not simply incorporate minor changes in response to previous review.
Established in mid-2011 by the NCAB, the IWG is charged with providing strategic guidance and direction on NCI informatics investments that support the Institute’s scientific goals. The IWG provides a venue for identifying high-priority biomedical informatics needs, harmonizing ongoing and proposed informatics projects across NCI programs, both intramural and extramural, and reducing redundancies wherever possible.
This article discusses factors in the design, commissioning, project management, and intellectual property protection of developments within a new clinical anatomy facility in the United Kingdom. The project was aimed at creating cost-effective facilities that would address widespread concerns over anatomy teaching, and support other activities…
Activities at NCI Booth #906 Connect with NCI experts, order free publications, and learn about NCI programs and initiatives. Meet the Experts Sessions Sunday, April 1 2:00 p.m. Linking Genome to Proteome: A New NCI ProgramMehdi Mesri, Office of Cancer
A cohesive and recognizable identity is a valuable asset for a large organization such as NCI. The overall appearance of an organization's website is typically more familiar to the public than that of its component sites. Achieving a more uniform appearance for the NCI Web presence reinforces the connection of each NCI site to the main NCI site.
Activities at NCI Booth #1402 Connect with NCI experts, order free publications, and learn about NCI programs and initiatives. Meet the Experts Sessions Sunday, April 7 2:00 p.m. Meet the NCI SBIR Development Center: Accelerating Cancer Technology
The anatomy of the human body based on a special teleological system is one of the greatest miracles of the world. The skull's primary function is the defence of the brain, so every alteration or disease of the brain results in some alteration of the skull. This analogy is to be identified even in the human embryo. Proportions of the 22 bones constituting the skull and of sizes of sutures are not only the result of the phylogeny, but those of the ontogeny as well. E.g. the age of the skeletons in archaeological findings could be identified according to these facts. Present paper outlines the ontogeny and development of the tissues of the skull, of the structure of the bone-tissue, of the changes of the size of the skull and of its parts during the different periods of human life, reflecting to the aesthetics of the skull as well. "Only the human scull can give me an impression of beauty. In spite of all genetical colseness, a skull of a chimpanzee cannot impress me aesthetically"--author confesses. In the second part of the treatise those authors are listed, who contributed to the perfection of our knowledge regarding the skull. First of all the great founder of modern anatomy, Andreas Vesalius, then Pierre Paul Broca, Jacob Benignus Winslow are mentioned here. The most important Hungarian contributors were as follow: Sámuel Rácz, Pál Bugát or--the former assistant of Broca--Aurél Török. A widely used tool for measurement of the size of the skull, the craniometer was invented by the latter. The members of the family Lenhossék have had also important results in this field of research, while descriptive anatomy of the skull was completed by microsopical anatomy thanks the activity of Géza Mihálkovits. PMID:21661257
Contact Us | Sitemap Updated: 11/08/12 Overview NCI Best Case Series Program NCI Best Case Series Protocol NCI Best Case Series Symptom Management NCI BCS Protocol Flow Chart References NCI Best Case Series Symptom Management
NCI’s new location, NCI Shady Grove, is open at 9609 Medical Center Drive in Rockville, MD. While NCI's clinical program remains on the NIH campus in Bethesda, NCI Shady Grove will accommodate approximately 2,450 administrative and program staff who previously occupied Executive Plaza and Helgerman Court buildings in Rockville. Offices at NCI started moving into the new building in December 2012 and the move will be completed within six months.
Vital intrahepatic structures, especially the large veins, are of special concern to the surgeon. These intrahepatic structures are seldom taught or displayed in anatomy courses, and illustrations are often presented with the posterior surface of the liver facing the viewer, an aspect seldom seen by the surgeon. In this article, the topographical anatomy of the liver is described in a manner most useful to the practicing surgeon. For this purpose, specimens were specifically prepared to demonstrate the vascular anatomy. PMID:2928899
Certain negative factors such as fear, loss of concentration and interest in the course, lack of confidence, and undue stress have been associated with the study of anatomy. These are factors most often provoked by the unusually large curriculum, nature of the course, and the psychosocial impact of dissection. As a palliative measure, Anatomy…
Anatomy has historically been a cornerstone in medical education regardless of nation or specialty. Until recently, dissection and didactic lectures were its sole pedagogy. Teaching methodology has been revolutionized with more reliance on models, imaging, simulation, and the Internet to further consolidate and enhance the learning experience. Moreover, modern medical curricula are giving less importance to anatomy education and to the acknowledged value of dissection. Universities have even abandoned dissection completely in favor of user-friendly multimedia, alternative teaching approaches, and newly defined priorities in clinical practice. Anatomy curriculum is undergoing international reformation but the current framework lacks uniformity among institutions. Optimal learning content can be categorized into the following modalities: (1) dissection/prosection, (2) interactive multimedia, (3) procedural anatomy, (4) surface and clinical anatomy, and (5) imaging. The importance of multimodal teaching, with examples suggested in this article, has been widely recognized and assessed. Nevertheless, there are still ongoing limitations in anatomy teaching. Substantial problems consist of diminished allotted dissection time and the number of qualified anatomy instructors, which will eventually deteriorate the quality of education. Alternative resources and strategies are discussed in an attempt to tackle these genuine concerns. The challenges are to reinstate more effective teaching and learning tools while maintaining the beneficial values of orthodox dissection. The UK has a reputable medical education but its quality could be improved by observing international frameworks. The heavy penalty of not concentrating on sufficient anatomy education will inevitably lead to incompetent anatomists and healthcare professionals, leaving patients to face dire repercussions. PMID:20205265
Wiley InterScience (described in the October 3, 1997 Scout Report) is the online journal service for John Wiley & Sons. As part of their contribution to the information highway, InterScience offers three separate Internet resource centers featuring anatomy, neuroscience, and genetics. Each Website is intended as a gateway for researchers and educators in relevant disciplines, and includes discussion about and links to Wiley publications (journals). While access to all Wiley publications is not free, several sample articles are provided for each journal.
Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in these five learning modules to instruct nurses, students, and other health care professionals in cardiac anatomy and functions and in fundamental electrocardiographic techniques. The first module, "Cardiac Anatomy and Physiology: A Review" by Gwen Phillips, teaches the learner to draw and label…
To enable more patients and physicians to participate in clinical studies that advance cancer care, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) is conducting a pilot project, the Expanded Participation Project (EPP), to speed cancer research by broadening access to clinical trials
The NCI Cancer Bulletin, an award-winning online newsletter published by the National Cancer Institute from January 2004 through January 2013, provided the latest news about cancer research, including research supported by NCI, other federal agencies, and institutions from across the nation and around the world.
Choose one of the following cancer types to view the clinical trials actively enrolling participants in studies to prevent that type of cancer. All studies are supported by NCI, but not all originate from the Division of Cancer Prevention. Not every cancer type will have active trials at all times. For cancer types not listed here, visit NCI's Clinical Trials information webpage.
Updated: 05/03/2012 Updated: 05/03/2012 NCI Banner and Minibanner Banner for NCI's Main Website "National Cancer Institute" Text: Univers 57 Condensed, 28pt "at the National Institutes of Health" Text: Univers Regular 11pt for "at the" and 13pt "National
Spatial ability is an important factor in learning anatomy. Students with high scores on a mental rotation test (MRT) systematically score higher on anatomy examinations. This study aims to investigate if learning anatomy also oppositely improves the MRT-score. Five hundred first year students of medicine (n = 242, intervention) and educational sciences (n = 258, control) participated in a pretest and posttest MRT, 1 month apart. During this month, the intervention group studied anatomy and the control group studied research methods for the social sciences. In the pretest, the intervention group scored 14.40 (SD: ± 3.37) and the control group 13.17 (SD: ± 3.36) on a scale of 20, which is a significant difference (t-test, t = 4.07, df = 498, P < 0.001). Both groups show an improvement on the posttest compared to the pretest (paired samples t-test, t = 12.21/14.71, df = 257/241, P < 0.001). The improvement in the intervention group is significantly higher (ANCOVA, F = 16.59, df = 1;497, P < 0.001). It is concluded that (1) medical students studying anatomy show greater improvement between two consecutive MRTs than educational science students; (2) medical students have a higher spatial ability than educational sciences students; and (3) if a MRT is repeated there seems to be a test effect. It is concluded that spatial ability may be trained by studying anatomy. The overarching message for anatomy teachers is that a good spatial ability is beneficial for learning anatomy and learning anatomy may be beneficial for students' spatial ability. This reciprocal advantage implies that challenging students on spatial aspects of anatomical knowledge could have a twofold effect on their learning. PMID:23349122
Vorstenbosch, Marc A T M; Klaassen, Tim P F M; Donders, A R T Rogier; Kooloos, Jan G M; Bolhuis, Sanneke M; Laan, Roland F J M
With a longtime presence on the web, Professor Jim Swan of the University of New Mexico has created a fine set of online anatomy and physiology resources that he uses in his courses on a regular basis. Students of the human body will also want to avail themselves of these materials, which include sets of pathology images and slides that cover such conditions as coronary artery thrombosis, atherosclerosis, and so on. One rather handy section includes weblab modules that introduce acolytes to the world of the heart, the lungs, and the digestive system through slides and interactive photos. The site is rounded out by the "Virtual Microscope" area, which includes detailed slides and explanations of cartilage, bone, blood, and muscular tissue.
NCI Cancer Bulletin Archive: 2012 NCI Cancer Bulletin Archive: 2012 December 11, 2012 November 27, 2012 (Special Issue: The Science behind Cancer Screening) November 13, 2012 October 30, 2012 October 16, 2012 October 2, 2012 September 18, 2012
Books and Publications Home Discovery Development Pathways Grants/Contracts Books/Publications Site Search Data Search What's New NCI Investigational Drugs - Chemical Information NCI Investigational Drugs - Pharmaceutical Information
The NCI Mouse Repository is an NCI-funded resource for mouse cancer models and associated strains. The repository makes strains available to all members of the scientific community (academic, non-profit, and commercial). NCI Mouse Repository strains are maintained as live colonies or cryoarchived as frozen embryos, depending on demand. Up to three breeder pairs may be ordered from live colonies. Cryoarchived strains are supplied as frozen embryos or recovery of live mice by the NCI Mouse Repository may be requested.
The National Cancer Institute has long recognized the problems independent investigators face in accruing adequate numbers of study participants to their federally funded research projects. As a result, the Division of Cancer Prevention (DCP) has developed guidelines and mechanisms to assist investigators in accessing the Community Clinical Oncology Program (CCOP) network, a nationwide consortium of community hospitals and physicians that participate in NCI-approved cancer treatment, prevention, and control clinical trials.
The project, the Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Melphalan for Malignancy in the liver, can be divided in two parts due to two separate clinical trials. First, NCI 04-C-0273 entitled A Phase II Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Melphalan with Venous Filtration via Peripheral Hepatic Perfusion (PHP) for Unresectable Primary and Metastatic Cancers to the Liver. This trial enrolls patients with primary liver or metastatic disease to the liver. To date 57 patients have enrolled in this study.
CRCHD - NCI/NIH Health Disparities Research Home Disparities Research Programs NCI/NIH Health Disparities Research CRCHD Research NCI/NIH Health Disparities Research Ongoing Research Priorities Participating
NCI's Spanish YouTube channelFeatures videos from across NCI on a wide range of topics, including awareness videos about several cancer types, an introduction to clinical trials and information about important NCI programs.
NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - NCCCP Homepage Media Center Overview Contact information Quick Links Note from the NCI Director Participating Pilot Sites FAQ Contact Information Contact Information Contacts - NCI Office
A simple method for interpreting and reviewing the anatomy of the coronary arteries as seen on angiograms uses the concept of two imaginary circles around the interventricular and atrioventricular grooves, respectively. The hands and fingers of the viewer are used to res in various angiographic projections may be properly understood. PMID:7350373
The phylogenetic and embryologic basis and compared anatomy emphasize the understanding of the multiform organization, complex functions for the cosmetic aspects of the facial expression beyond an aged evolution doesn’t disturb the original smiling.
The anatomy, physiology and function of the olfactory system are reviewed, as are the normal effects of olfactory stimulation. It is speculated that olfaction may have important but unobtrusive effects on human behavior....
This article reviews the underlying anatomy of trigger finger and thumb (fibrous digital pulleys, sesamoid bones), flexor tenosynovitis, de Quervain's syndrome, Dupuytren's contracture, some hand deformities in rheumatoid arthritis, the carpal tunnel syndrome and the ulnar nerve compression at Guyon's canal. Some important syndromes and structures have not been included but such are the nature of these seminars. Rather than being complete, we aim at creating a system in which clinical cases are used to highlight the pertinent anatomy and, in the most important part of the seminar, these pertinent items are demonstrated by cross examination of participants and teachers. Self learning is critical for generating interest and expanding knowledge of clinical anatomy. Just look at your own hand in various positions, move it, feel it, feel also your forearms while you move the fingers, do this repeatedly and inquisitively and after a few tries you will have developed not only a taste, but also a lifelong interest in clinical anatomy. PMID:23219083
Vargas, Angélica; Chiapas-Gasca, Karla; Hernández-Díaz, Cristina; Canoso, Juan J; Saavedra, Miguel Ángel; Navarro-Zarza, José Eduardo; Villaseñor-Ovies, Pablo; Kalish, Robert A
Activities at NCI Booth #3071 Connect with NCI experts, order free publications, and learn about NCI programs and initiatives. Meet the Experts Sessions Saturday, May 31 Time Presentation Title and Speaker 10:00 a.m. Behavioral Risk Factors and
Activities at NCI Booth #1401 Connect with NCI experts, order free publications, and learn about NCI programs and initiatives. Meet the Experts Sessions Sunday, April 6 1:30 p.m. Funding Opportunities in Drug DiscoverySuzanne Forry, Division of Cancer
NCI Staff Present at ASCO During ASCO's 2013 Annual Meeting, NCI staff will participate in many sessions as chairs, discussants, and speakers. To see the NCI at ASCO schedule click here: Friday, May 31, 2013 Sunday June 2, 2013 Monday, June 3, 2013
NCI Staff Present at ASCO During ASCO's 2012 Annual Meeting, NCI staff will participate in many sessions as chairs, discussants, and speakers. To see the NCI at ASCO schedule click here: Friday, June 1, 2012 Saturday, June 2, 2012 Sunday June 3, 2012
Investigation of the anatomy of the mermaid and of mermaid lore has revealed a tangled web of stories, sightings and specimens of the most diverse nature, extending worldwide into the realms of folklore and legend, zoology and cryptozoology, anatomy, physiology, radiography and folk medicine, ethnography, social history and the history of science. The stereotype we know as the mermaid is surely a fit subject for further serious study PMID:11620025
Skull Anatomy 4.0 is an interactive learning tool for topographic, bony, and radiographic anatomy of the skull. It provides photographic-quality, digitized images of the face and radiographs of the skull offering over 120 anatomical features to identify. The mouse is used to identify features and a quiz is provided for student self-tests. Student files are password protected but accessible by the instructor. The downloadable file runs under Windows.
The NCI at Frederick, part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), offers many exciting career and opportunities for scientists and biotechnology professionals. The NCI is also strongly committed to training future cancer researchers and offers numerous post-doctoral and pre-doctoral fellowship positions. This training commitment extends even further—We have also established internship programs for college and high-school students who are interested in biomedical research. To learn more about career and training opportunities at NIH and NCI, check out the links below.
This research project seeks to meet the objective of science training by developing, assessing, and validating virtual reality as a human anatomy training medium. In ideal situations, anatomic models, computer-based instruction, and cadaver dissection are utilized to augment the traditional methods of instruction. At many institutions, lack of financial resources limits anatomy instruction to textbooks and lectures. However, human anatomy is three dimensional, unlike the one dimensional depiction found in textbooks and the two dimensional depiction found on the computer. Virtual reality is a breakthrough technology that allows one to step through the computer screen into a three dimensional world. This technology offers many opportunities to enhance science education. Therefore, a virtual testing environment of the abdominopelvic region of a human cadaver was created to study the placement of body parts within the nine anatomical divisions of the abdominopelvic region and the four abdominal quadrants.
The Comparative Molecular Cytogenetic Core provides molecular cytogenetic support services to the NCI community. This core facilitates the assessment of structural and numerical genomic changes in cancer, pre-cancer, and cancer models.
The NCI at Frederick researchers and support staff provide a wide range of services for both on and off-campus government customers. Use the left navigation on the page to browse hrough specific services areas available to campus staff.
The patient perspective research advocates brings into NCI’s research enterprise helps to inform research focus and support the dissemination of results that lead to new and better cancer prevention, detection, and treatment methods.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) will be participating at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting from November 2-6, 2013 at the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center in Boston, MA.
NCI-designated cancer centers are being extensively represented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Clinical Oncology meeting in Chicago this year with a large array of clinical trial results and findings.
NCI Visuals Online contains images from the collections of the Office of Communications and Education, National Cancer Institute. For more information about Visuals Online, including reuse and contact information, see About Visuals Online.
La colección de hojas informativas del NCI trata de una variedad de temas relacionados con el cáncer. Las hojas informativas se revisan y ponen al día de acuerdo a las investigaciones más recientes sobre el cáncer.
High-dose chemotherapy with bone marrow or stem cell transplantation for the treatment of advanced and early-stage breast cancer has been tested in several large, randomized clinical trials sponsored by the NCI, as well as in trials done in other countries. In all of the NCI-sponsored randomized trials, and in most of the international ones, high-dose chemotherapy with transplantation has not proven superior to treatment with more standard doses of chemotherapy.
Specific information on each initiative, including receipt date, will be available once the Request for Applications (RFAs) or Program Announcements (PAs) has been published. This page provides links to recent concepts cleared for upcoming solicitations and presents key information, including the objectives and descriptions of future solicitations and a direct link to NCI staff contacts. The NCI staff contacts can provide additional information on specific concepts, where available and appropriate.
The aims of this review were to examine the place of surface anatomy in the medical literature, particularly the methods and approaches used in teaching surface and living anatomy and assess commonly used anatomy textbooks in regard to their surface anatomy contents. PubMed and MEDLINE databases were searched using the following keywords "surface anatomy," "living anatomy," "teaching surface anatomy," "bony landmarks," "peer examination" and "dermatomes". The percentage of pages covering surface anatomy in each textbook was calculated as well as the number of images covering surface anatomy. Clarity, quality and adequacy of surface anatomy contents was also examined. The search identified 22 research papers addressing methods used in teaching surface anatomy, 31 papers that can help in the improvement of surface anatomy curriculum, and 12 anatomy textbooks. These teaching methods included: body painting, peer volunteer surface anatomy, use of a living anatomy model, real time ultrasound, virtual (visible) human dissector (VHD), full body digital x-ray of cadavers (Lodox(®) Statscan(®) images) combined with palpating landmarks on peers and the cadaver, as well as the use of collaborative, contextual and self-directed learning. Nineteen of these studies were published in the period from 2006 to 2013. The 31 papers covered evidence-based and clinically-applied surface anatomy. The percentage of surface anatomy in textbooks' contents ranged from 0 to 6.2 with an average of 3.4%. The number of medical illustrations on surface anatomy varied from 0 to 135. In conclusion, although there has been a progressive increase in publications addressing methods used in teaching surface anatomy over the last six to seven years, most anatomy textbooks do not provide students with adequate information about surface anatomy. Only three textbooks provided a solid explanation and foundation of understanding surface anatomy. PMID:23650274
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Phase IIB Bridge Award is designed to support the next stage of development for promising NIH-supported SBIR Phase II projects in the areas of cancer therapies, diagnostics, and cancer imaging technologies.
NCI has launched the pilot phase of its Community Cancer Centers Program (NCCCP), an initiative that aims to bring the latest advances in cancer care to patients where they live. The project will focus on underserved communities and groups that are disproportionately affected by the disease.
This research study was conducted to examine student perceptions about learning anatomy and to explore how these perceptions shape the learning experience. This study utilized a mixed-methods design in order to better understand how students approach learning anatomy. Two sets of data were collected at two time periods; one at the beginning and one at the end of the academic semester. Data consisted of results from a survey instrument that contained open-ended questions and a questionnaire and individual student interviews. The questionnaire scored students on a surface approach to learning (relying on rote memorization and knowing factual information) scale and a deep approach to learning (understanding concepts and deeper meaning behind the material) scale. Students were asked to volunteer from four different anatomy classes; two entry-level undergraduate courses from two different departments, an upper-level undergraduate course, and a graduate level course. Results indicate that students perceive that they will learn anatomy through memorization regardless of the level of class being taken. This is generally supported by the learning environment and thus students leave the classroom believing that anatomy is about memorizing structures and remembering anatomical terminology. When comparing this class experience to other academic classes, many students believed that anatomy was more reliant on memorization techniques for learning although many indicated that memorization is their primary learning method for most courses. Results from the questionnaire indicate that most students had decreases in both their deep approach and surface approach scores with the exception of students that had no previous anatomy experience. These students had an average increase in surface approach and so relied more on memorization and repetition for learning. The implication of these results is that the learning environment may actually amplify students' perceptions of the anatomy course at all levels and experiences of enrolled students. Instructors wanting to foster deeper approaches to learning may need to apply instructional techniques that both support deeper approaches to learning and strive to change students' perceptions away from believing that anatomy is strictly memorization and thus utilizing surface approaches to learning.
The purpose of the investigation was to establish a reference source for the normal anatomy of the angora goat (Capra hircus). This report, the first in a series, presents the skeletal anatomy of this animal. (Author)
The one-minute preceptor (OMP) is a time-efficient, learner-centered teaching method used in a busy ambulatory care setting. This project evaluated the effects of training experienced anatomy teachers in the use of the OMP in the gross anatomy laboratory on students' perceived learning. Second-year medical students from a five-year,…
The need for an up-to-date guide to the anatomy of sea turtles became clear toward the end of the 1900s. Increasing numbers of individuals developed the interest, talents, and techniques to study the biology of sea turtles, contend with their illnesses an...
In this activity, students examine hydra, a fresh-water relative of coral, under a microscope to observe feeding behavior and identify stinging cells that are characteristic of corals. They also learn more about the individual animals that make up coral reefs and construct simple models of coral polyp anatomy and feeding behavior.
This article describes a study conducted at 8 Dutch Medical Schools investigating the effect of various didactic approaches to teaching anatomy on performance. Outcomes discussed include that good test performance is not related to teaching style, but rather course hours, clinical relevance, and revisiting anatomical concepts.
Ohio's Martin W. Essex School for the Gifted has served over 400 gifted secondary students over the past seven years. High school students from throughout Ohio spend one week on the Ohio State University campus for academic, cultural and social activities. The project serves as a model for providing differential experiences for gifted secondary students under the auspices of a
Joan S. Wolf; Raymond H. Swassing; George R. Fichter
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program hosted the 2012 NCI SBIR Investor Forum on April 18, 2012 in Santa Clara, CA. This year’s meeting brought together nearly 200 SBIR-funded companies, investors, venture capitalists, strategic partners, and business leaders from the biotech and pharmaceutical industries, and featured presentations from 18 top NCI SBIR-funded companies with innovative cancer-related technologies on the brink of commercialization.
Certain negative factors such as fear, loss of concentration and interest in the course, lack of confidence, and undue stress have been associated with the study of anatomy. These are factors most often provoked by the unusually large curriculum, nature of the course, and the psychosocial impact of dissection. As a palliative measure, Anatomy Adventure, a board game on anatomy was designed to reduce some of these pressures, emphasize student centered and collaborative learning styles, and add fun to the process of learning while promoting understanding and retention of the subject. To assess these objectives, 95 out of over 150 medical and dental students who expressed willingness to be part of the study were recruited and divided into a Game group and a Non-game group. A pretest written examination was given to both groups, participants in the Game group were allowed to play the game for ten days, after which a post-test examination was also given. A 20-item questionnaire rated on a three-point scale to access student's perception of the game was given to the game group. The post-test scores of the game group were significantly higher (P?0.05) than those of the non-game counterparts. Also the post-test score of the game based group was significantly better (P?0.05) than their pretest. The students in their feedback noted in very high proportions that the game was interesting, highly informative, encouraged team work, improved their attitude, and perception to gross anatomy. PMID:23878076
Ultrasound (US) has always had a relatively limited role in the evaluation of the hip due to the deep location of this joint. However, many hip diseases are well detectable at US, but before approaching such a study it is necessary to be thoroughly familiar with the normal anatomy and related US images. The study technique is particularly important as optimization of various parameters is required, such as probe frequency, focalization, positioning of the probe, etc. Also the patient’s position is important, as it varies according to the area requiring examination. For the study of the anterior structures, the patient should be in the supine position; for the medial structures, the leg should be abducted and rotated outward with the knee flexed; for the lateral structures, the patient should be in the controlateral decubitus position; for the posterior structures the patient must be in the prone position. US study of the hip includes assessment of the soft tissues, tendons, ligaments and muscles, and also of the bone structures, joint space and serous bursae. The purpose of this article is to review the normal anatomy of the hip as well as the US anatomy of this joint.
Molini, L.; Precerutti, M.; Gervasio, A.; Draghi, F.; Bianchi, S.
Ultrasound (US) has always had a relatively limited role in the evaluation of the hip due to the deep location of this joint. However, many hip diseases are well detectable at US, but before approaching such a study it is necessary to be thoroughly familiar with the normal anatomy and related US images. The study technique is particularly important as optimization of various parameters is required, such as probe frequency, focalization, positioning of the probe, etc. Also the patient's position is important, as it varies according to the area requiring examination. For the study of the anterior structures, the patient should be in the supine position; for the medial structures, the leg should be abducted and rotated outward with the knee flexed; for the lateral structures, the patient should be in the controlateral decubitus position; for the posterior structures the patient must be in the prone position. US study of the hip includes assessment of the soft tissues, tendons, ligaments and muscles, and also of the bone structures, joint space and serous bursae. The purpose of this article is to review the normal anatomy of the hip as well as the US anatomy of this joint. PMID:23397030
Molini, L; Precerutti, M; Gervasio, A; Draghi, F; Bianchi, S
This article describes the need, purpose, and establishment of an undergraduate integrative anatomy course. The article also explains a survey conducted to evaluate the number of anatomy programs in undergraduate institutes in Washington.
David Darda (Central Washington University Biological Sciences)
Oncologists who belong to the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cooperative Groups can now register online for selected phase III studies in a pilot project intended to streamline and simplify many of the tasks associated with clinical trials.
Staff at the NCI at Frederick are encouraged to think green and participate in the campus Carpool program, operated in association with Commuter Connections. All you have to do is go the Carpool website and register for the free program. Commuter matches and negotiations are done online. For more information about the program you may contact Julie Hartman.
News Contact the NCI Office of Media Relations | RSS Feed Lung cancer death rates fall, helping drive decrease in overall cancer death rates December 16, 2013 The Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, covering the period 1975–2010, showed
To better serve our users, we have compiled a list of useful software when using the NCI at Frederick web site. Keeping the software on your computer current is essential for being able to experience all that the Frederick National Lab web site has to offer. All of the resources below are available free of charge for everyone to use.
The NCI at Frederick campus is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let us know.
The NCI Mouse Repository cryoarchives and distributes strains of genetically engineered mice that are of immediate interest to the cancer research community. These are either gene-targeted or transgenic mice that display a cancer-related phenotype, or "tool strains" (e.g., cre transgenics) that can be used to develop new cancer models.
INDIVIDUAL AWARDS Lawrence J. Ray, J.D. For exceptional leadership and service to the Office of Management for the implementation of new procedures and reorganization constructing a vitalized and effective administrative operation. James H. Doroshow, M.D. Provided leadership for NCI’s early drug discovery and development, and transforming clinical cancer research across the entire spectrum of therapeutic oncology.
This is a searchable database of contracts awarded by the NCI Office of Acquisitions since Fiscal Year 1995. The database is searchable by the Contract Number, the Contractor's Name, or the Title of the Contract. When searching by Contractor or Title, it is NOT neccesary to enter the complete name or title.
The U.S. Government, NIH, NCI and their employees and contractors do not make any warranty, express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose with respect to documents and data available from this server.
Below are links to federal government and contractor management offices located at the NCI at Frederick. Brief descriptions are provided to help you contact the appropriate office. There are also links to policies and procedures that are specific to our facility.
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K12 Award, contact: Dr. Mark DamicoProgram DirectorE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Branch Telephone:
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application, contact: Dr. Michael SchmidtProgram DirectorE-mail: email@example.com Dr. Mark DamicoProgram DirectorE-mail:
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K23 Award, contact: Dr. Susan LimProgram DirectorE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Branch Phone: (240)276-5630 For
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K22 Award, contact: Dr. Sonia B. JakowlewProgram DirectorE-mail: email@example.com Branch
NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application, contact: Dr. Sonia B. JakowlewProgram DirectorTelephone: (240) 276-5630Fax: (240) 276-5659E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org For information regarding
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application, contact: Dr. Sonia B. JakowlewProgram DirectorE-mail: email@example.com Branch Telephone: (240)
NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K18 Award, contact: Dr. Sonia B. JakowlewProgram DirectorTelephone: (301) 496-8580Fax: (301) 480-1744E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org For
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K08 Award, contact: Dr. Susan PerkinsProgram DirectorE-mail: email@example.com Dr. Sonia
NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K25 Award, contact: Dr. Sonia B. JakowlewProgram DirectorTelephone: (301) 496-8580Fax: (301) 480-1744E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org For
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K05 Award, contact: Dr. Susan N. PerkinsProgram DirectorE-mail: email@example.com Branch
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application, contact: Dr. Mark DamicoProgram DirectorE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Branch Telephone: (240) 276-5630Fax:
NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K01 Award, contact: Ms. Nancy C. Lohrey, M.S., MT-ASCPProgram DirectorTelephone: (301) 496-8580Fax: (301) 480-1744E-mail: Lohreyn@mail.nih.gov For
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the T32 Award, contact: Dr. Mark DamicoProgram DirectorE-mail: email@example.com Dr. Susan
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the R25T Award, contact: Dr. Susan N. PerkinsProgram DirectorE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Branch
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K07 Award, contact: Dr. Susan N. PerkinsProgram DirectorE-mail: email@example.com Branch
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K99/R00 Award, contact: Dr. Michael SchmidtProgram DirectorE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Branch
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the R25E Award, contact: Dr. Jeannette KorczakProgram directorE-mail: email@example.com Branch
Updated: 05/28/2013 Updated: 05/28/2013 NCI Staff Contacts For additional information regarding policies and/or guidance in preparing an application for the K24 Award, contact: Dr. Susan LimProgram DirectorE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Branch Phone: (240)
We are always looking for exhibit items that highlight our multi-cultural community at the NCI at Frederick and Frederick National Laboratory. If you have items that you would be willing to share with the community please contact Ms. Ethel Armstrong at ext. 5843 or Andrea Frydl ext. 5832.
In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects to be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. Proposed......
On December 13, 2005, NCI and the National Human Genome Research Institute will host a press conference to launch a human cancer genome pilot project. The project will lay the foundation for exploring genomic changes involved in cancer, with the ultimate goal of developing new means of preventing, detecting and treating cancer.
The Office of Science Planning and Assessment (OSPA), as part of NCI's Office of the Director, is primarily responsible for the development and coordination of NCI's strategic planning and evaluation activities. OSPA carries out its mission through the activities of interconnected groups.
FVB-Tg(Pbsn-AKT1)9Wrs/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: FVB-Tg(Pbsn-AKT1)9Wrs/Nci Strain Code: 01XJ7 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: This primer set amplifies a portion of the Probasin promoter and the 5' end of the Human Akt1 gene. Primers: A009 :
Uniformity in content style across NCI websites helps visitors to better understand and interact with information on the site. These guidelines are intended to be a quick reference for NCI web content owners using the Percussion Web Content Management System (WCMS) to create new content or edit existing content.
STOCK Tg(NES-tv-a)J12Ech/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: STOCK Tg(NES-tv-a)J12Ech/Nci Strain Code: 01XH4 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: This primer set is used for both the Tg(NES-tv-a)J12Ech and Tg(GFPA-tv-a)10Ech mouse strains. The reaction requires
STOCK Brca2tm1Brn/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: STOCK Brca2tm1Brn/Nci Strain Code: 01XB9 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: The strain Brca2 has loxP sites flanking Exon11. The primer set B012/B013 tests for the presence of the upstream lox site while
Supports planning and inititiation of focused cancer research, cancer research training, and career development or cancer research education and outreach collaborations between Minority Serving Institutions and NCI-designated Cancer Centers that will lead to the submission of specific grant applications traditionally supported by the NCI or other funding agencies.
FVB-Tg(Pbsn-MYC)6Key/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: FVB-Tg(Pbsn-MYC)6Key/Nci Strain Code: 01XK9 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: This protocol and the mice came from Dr. Sawyer's lab along with another strain called Tg(ARR2/Pbsn-Myc)7Key. M041 is located
STOCK Ightm1Janz/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: STOCK Ightm1Janz/Nci Strain Code: 01XJ4 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: This primer set matches up with exon 3 and exon 2 of the c-Myc gene respectively. The maintained by breeding heterozygous brother
SWR.129P2(Cg)-Brca2tm1Kamc/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: SWR.129P2(Cg)-Brca2tm1Kamc/Nci Strain Code: 01XG9 Protocol Number: 2 Introductory Comment: The primer set for genotyping Brca2 comes from the paper Cancer Research 62:990-994,2002. The wildtype primer
FVB/N-Tg(MT-HGFSF)19Lmb/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: FVB/N-Tg(MT-HGFSF)19Lmb/Nci Strain Code: 01XFA Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: This strain contains a transgene that overexpresses mouse Scatter Factor / hepatocyte growth factor, under the control
FVB;129-Brca1tm1Brn/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: FVB;129-Brca1tm1Brn/Nci Strain Code: 01XB8 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: The strain Brca1 has loxP sites flanking Exon region. The primer set B008/B009 tests for the presence of the upstream lox
B6;CBA-Tg(BCR/ABL)623Hkp/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: B6;CBA-Tg(BCR/ABL)623Hkp/Nci Strain Code: 01XE8 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: This strain carries a human BCR / ABL fusion protein, which serves as a model for the Philadelphia chromosome.
As part of the NCI Best Case Series Program, this protocol enables CRISP staff to work with CAM practitioners to identify appropriate, well-documented cancer cases. The primary goal of this protocol is to obtain and review sufficient information to determine if NCI-initiated research is warranted on a specific intervention.
B6.129-Cdkn2atm4Cjs/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: B6.129-Cdkn2atm4Cjs/Nci Strain Code: 01X62 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: This protocol use only the SpF/R primers to confirm presence/absence of LOX sites at the Sp (Spel) sites Primers: SPF :
B6.Cg-Tg(ED-L2-cre)267Jkat/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: B6.Cg-Tg(ED-L2-cre)267Jkat/Nci Strain Code: 01XGL Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: For this strain, we assay for the presence of the Cre transgene. Primers C001 / C002 amplify the Cre gene,
Working knowledge of extrahepatic biliary anatomy is of paramount importance to the general surgeon. The embryologic development of the extrahepatic biliary tract is discussed in this article as is the highly variable anatomy of the biliary tract and its associated vasculature. The salient conditions related to the embryology and anatomy of the extrahepatic biliary tract, including biliary atresia, choledochal cysts, gallbladder agenesis, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, and ducts of Luschka, are addressed. PMID:24679417
This section provides a list of NCI grants with at least some focus on DCIS research, DCIS projects that have been funded by organizations other than NIH, and a current list of DCIS clinical trials. The NIH's RePORTER database, the NCI Funded Research Portfolio, the International Cancer Research Portfolio, and the ClinicalTrials.gov Web site were the primary sources of information. We recognize that this list may not be comprehensive.
We present an online anatomy atlas based on the Visible Human Project (VHP) of the US National Library of Medicine. The objective is to provide original unlabeled as well as labeled sections of the human body of high quality and resolution on the Internet, for use in basic and continuing medical education. For a representative overview of the body, 370 axial sections were selected from the male and female data base of the VHP with special regard to regions of clinical interest. Each section is accompanied by its corresponding computer tomography (CT) image and, if available, magnetic resonance images (MRI) for quick and easy comparison of morphologic and radiologic structures. The sections can be studied unlabeled or labeled according to the current Terminologia Anatomica. A linked vocabulary with more than 850 terms explains the labeling. Animations of the sections as well as of CT and MR images allow for further visualization of the topographic relationships of anatomical structures. The responses to the project indicate that students and physicians regard the Internet Atlas of Human Gross Anatomy as a most useful aid for learning and reviewing anatomical details. The atlas is accessible on: http://www.uni-mainz.de/FB/Medizin/Anatomie/workshop/vishuman/Eready.html. PMID:12373730
One of the most challenging aspects of prostatic arterial embolization for patients with lower urinary tract symptoms and prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia is identifying the prostatic arteries (PAs). With preprocedural computed tomography angiography it is possible to plan treatment and exclude patients when arterial anatomy is not suited, or when extensive atherosclerotic changes may affect technical success. There is an excellent correlation between the computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography findings, enabling correct depiction of the male pelvic arterial anatomy (internal iliac branching patterns, relevant variants as accessory pudendal arteries, and PA anatomy). The prostate has a dual vascular arterial supply: a cranial or vesico-PA (named anterior-lateral prostatic pedicle) and a caudal PA (named posterior-lateral prostatic pedicle). These 2 prostatic pedicles may arise from the same artery in patients with only 1 PA (found in 60% of pelvic sides), or may arise independently in patients with 2 independent PAs (found in 40% of pelvic sides). The anterior-lateral prostatic pedicle vascularizes most of the central gland and benign prostatic hyperplasia nodules, frequently arises from the superior vesical artery in patients with 2 independent PAs, and is the preferred artery to embolize. The posterior-lateral prostatic pedicle has an inferior or distal origin, vascularizes most of the peripheral and caudal gland, and may have a close relationship with rectal or anal branches. In up to 60% of cases considerable anastomoses may be seen between the prostatic branches and surrounding arteries that should be taken into account when planning embolization. PAs lack pathognomonic digital subtraction angiography features; thus correct anatomical identification of the male pelvic and PAs is necessary to avoid untargeted ischemia to the bladder, rectum, anus, or corpus cavernosum. PMID:23244724
Bilhim, Tiago; Tinto, Hugo Rio; Fernandes, Lúcia; Martins Pisco, João
New NCI Resource About Cannabis (Marijuana) The NCI Fact Sheet Marijuana Use in Supportive Care for Cancer Patients is no longer current and has been removed. The Cannabis and Cannabinoids (PDQ®) information summary provides up-to-date information on
This presentation contains slides from the SBIR-IMAT solicitation pre-application webinar led by NCI SBIR Program Director Amir Rahbar and featuring Tony Dickherber, Director of the NCI Innovative Molecular Analysis Technologies program.
Discovery Development Pathways Grants/Contracts Books/Publications Site Search Data Search What's New What's New NCI-60 characterization NCI Experimental Therapeutics Program (NExT) Approved Oncology Drugs Set now available: Approved Oncology Drugs
An Overview of the NCI SBIR Program Michael Weingarten Director, NCI SBIR Development Center September 9, 2008 Todays Presentation Overview Eligibility Requirements Move to More Focused Solicitations New SBIR Bridge Award Submitting An Application
This Web site from Enchanted Learning (last mentioned in the June 28, 2002 Scout Report) contains elementary-level human anatomy diagrams, which may be printed out and labeled for practice. The diagrams come with a word bank, complete with definitions printed on the same page. Many of the diagrams lend themselves to coloring-in. A number of diagrams are available, including the human eye, ear, brain, skeleton, teeth, and more. Some of the diagrams are also available in French, German, Italian, or Spanish, and would be an interesting addition to language classes at any grade level.
Information security involves many branches of effort, including information assurance, host level security, physical security, and network security. Computer network security methods and implementations are given a top-down description to permit a medically focused audience to anchor this information to their daily practice. The depth of detail of network functionality and security measures, like that of the study of human anatomy, can be highly involved. Presented at the level of major gross anatomical systems, this paper will focus on network backbone implementation and perimeter defenses, then diagnostic tools, and finally the user practices (the human element). Physical security measures, though significant, have been defined as beyond the scope of this presentation.
Do you fully comprehend how the human body functions? Unless one has a great deal of formal training, such comprehension can be quite difficult. This site from Carnegie Mellon University's Open Learning Initiative opens up new ways of looking at anatomy and physiology for lay people. This particular course focuses on several themes including the structure and function of the body, the levels of organization within the body, and homeostasis. There are fifteen units within this course and visitors can create a free account to keep track of their progress through each of these different areas.
Surveyed anatomy texts currently in use in a major western medical school. In text sections dealing with standard (nongender-specific) anatomy, male subjects were shown in 64 percent of the illustrations in which gender was discernible, females in ll percent, and gender-neutral representations, 25 percent. Females and males were represented…
This website is a course site for a first year anatomy course developed by State University of New York (SUNY) Upstate Medical University. The course is a gross anatomy course and the page includes links to images, tutorials, videos, glossaries, and exam questions. The site is divided up by anatomical region including: thorax, abdomen & pelvis, extremities, and head & neck.
Dr. Barry Berg (SUNY Upstate Medical University Anatomy)
Presents a real life shark attack story and studies arm reattachment surgery to teach human anatomy. Discusses how knowledge of anatomy can be put to use in the real world and how the arm functions. Includes teaching notes and suggestions for classroom management. (YDS)
A panel illustrating spinal cord injury in The Dying Lioness in the British Museum dates to 650 BC. This paper outlines the subsequent progression of knowledge of the anatomy of the spinal cord. The animal dissections of Galen are considered because his deductions persisted through the Dark Ages until the late 18th century. Anatomy advanced gradually to yield discoveries of
In recent years plastination has begun to revolutionize the way in which human and veterinary gross anatomy can be presented to students. The study reported here assessed the efficacy of plastinated organs as teaching resources in an innovative anatomy teaching\\/learning system. The main objective was to evaluate whether the use of plastinated organs improves the quality of teaching and learning
Rafael Latorre; Mari Garcia-Sanz; Matilde Moreno; Fuensanta Hernandez; Fransisco Gil; Octavio Lopez; Maria Ayala; Gregorio Ramirez; Jose Vaquez; Alberto Arencibia; Robert W Henry
Transpedicular screw fixation provides rigid stabilization of the thoracolumbar spine. For accurate insertion of screws into the pedicles and to avoid pedicle cortex perforations, more precise knowledge of the anatomy of the pedicles is necessary. This study was designed to visualize graphically the surface anatomy and internal architecture of the pedicles of the thoracic spine. Fifteen vertebrae distributed equally among
M. M. Panjabi; J. D. O'Holleran; J. J. Crisco; R. Kothe
New studies on the anatomy of the leaf, stem, stolon and root of 17 taxa of Gunnera have revealed several interesting anatomical features. Scalariform perforation plates occur in most vessel elements of stolons and roots, although simple perforation plates are more frequent in the stems of large leafed-species. The leaf surface and internal anatomy have not been studied since the
Launched in January 2004, the NCI Cancer Bulletin is a biweekly electronic publication produced by NCI's Office of Communications and Education (OCE). The NCI Cancer Bulletin contracted with the Academy for Educational Development (AED) to conduct an evaluation of the newsletter to help ensure that we are meeting the needs of our readers. This information will be used to further refine and improve the NCI Cancer Bulletin.
The project, the Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Melphalan for Malignancy in the liver, can be divided in two parts due to two separate clinical trials. First, NCI 04-C-0273 entitled A Phase II Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Melphalan with Venous Filtration via Peripheral Hepatic Perfusion (PHP) for Unresectable Primary and Metastatic Cancers to the Liver. This trial enrolls patients with primary liver or metastatic disease to the liver. To date 48 patients have enrolled in this study.
The project, the Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Melphalan for Malignancy in the liver, can be divided in two parts due to two separate clinical trials. First, NCI 04-C-0273 entitled A Phase II Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Melphalan with Venous Filtration via Peripheral Hepatic Perfusion (PHP) for Unresectable Primary and Metastatic Cancers to the Liver. This trial enrolls patients with primary liver or metastatic disease to the liver. To date 57 patients have enrolled in this study.
NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Frequently Asked Questions Search NCCCP Contact Us Overview Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions NCI Community Cancer Centers Program Pilot: 2007-2010 Key Points The NCI Community
A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to…
NCI at ASCO: Sunday, June 1, 2014 Sessions Featuring NCI Staff Sunday, June 1 Finding the Targets in Gynecologic Cancers 8:00 a.m.- 9:30 a.m.Location: McCormick Place E354a Speakers: Elise Kohn, Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, NCI The Present
Information about NCI programs and initiatives that sponsor, conduct, develop, or support clinical trials, including NCI’s Clinical Trial Network (NCTN) and NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) initiatives to transform cancer clinical trials to be more flexible and responsive to the rapid advances being made in oncologic sciences.
NCI at ASCO: Friday, May 30, 2014 Sessions Featuring NCI Staff Friday, May 30 Grant Writing Workshop 1:00 p.m.- 5:00 p.m.Location: McCormick Place S103 Speakers: Ming Lei, Center for Cancer Training, NCI Developmental Therapeutics: Clinical Pharmacology
The National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Visuals Online provides a range of photographs and illustrations that may help communicators of medical and public health convey meaning, describe concepts, and tell stories. The collection spans everything from biomedical, science, and patient-care related illustrations and images to portraits of present and past directors and the staff of the National Cancer Institute. Visuals Online currently provides public access to 2,819 images.
All of the funded CCOP sites had some experience participating in clinical research via an earlier NCI program known as the Cooperative Group Outreach Program (CGOP). CGOP was created in 1978 as an avenue for community hospitals to participate in cooperative group cancer treatment trials. This program gave community physicians their first opportunity to show that they were capable of the rigor of clinical trials research. Once the CGOPS became CCOPs, the accrual to clinical trials from these centers markedly increased.
Challenges remain and participating as a CCOP has highlighted the importance to the institution of interacting with community physicians to involve them and their patients in cancer prevention strategies and trials and the need to recruit a diverse population of patients to participate in cancer clinical trials. We look forward to future growth and success and our continued participation in NCI supported cancer clinical research trials as a member CCOP.
This article reviews the influence of key figures on the pictorial representation of anatomy and the evolution of anatomical illustration during the Middle Ages until the time of the Renaissance, based on medical history books, journals and ancient medical books. During the early period in the Middle Ages, most illustrations were traditional drawings of emblematic nature, oftentimes unrealistic, not only because the precise knowledge of anatomy was lacking but also because the objective was to elucidate certain principles for teaching purposes. Five figure-series that came down to us through ancient manuscripts and textbooks represent the best examples of such traditional illustrations. With the advent of human dissection in the 13th and 14th centuries, a significant transformation in the depiction of anatomy began to project the practice of human dissection, as we see in the works of Mondino de Luzzi, Henri de Mondeville and Guido de Vigevano. After the invention of book printing in the second half of the 15th century, the reproduction of books was commonly practised and the woodcut made multiplication of pictures easier. Peter of Abano, Hieronymous Brunschwig, Johannes de Ketham, Johannes Peyligk, Gregory Reisch, Magnus Hundt, Laurentius Phryesen and many more included several anatomical illustrations in their treatises that demonstrated the development of anatomical illustration during the later Middle Ages. PMID:24585828
Gurunluoglu, Raffi; Gurunluoglu, Aslin; Williams, Susan A; Cavdar, Safiye
The CPFP Office is located at the NCI facilities in Rockville, Maryland, near the Nation's Capitol. With the convenient Metro subway reaching throughout the Washington, D.C. area, transportation is within easy reach.
The Translational Research Working Group (TRWG) was established in the summer of 2005 to conduct a discussion with the broader cancer research community and develop recommendations about how the National Cancer Institute (NCI) can best organize its invest...
NCI Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program Initial Research Proposal INSTRUCTIONS FOR PROPOSALS Due Date: 4th Friday in October 1. FACE SHEET (1 page): A. Title of Proposal B. Your name C. Affiliation (Branch, Department or Laboratory where
The Comparative Molecular Cytogenetic Core provides molecular cytogenetic support services to the NCI community. This core facilitates the assessment of structural and numerical genomic changes in cancer, pre-cancer, and cancer models.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) will be participating at the American Public Health Association (APHA) 141st Annual Meeting from November 2-6, 2013 at the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center in Boston, MA.
Funding by State provides information about the amount of NCI funding (grants and contracts) received by institutions and organizations within individual states and territories for a selected fiscal year.
National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director's Consumer Liaison Group (DCLG) Chair Max N. Wallace, J.D. 2014 Chief Executive Officer Accelerate Brain Cancer Cure Washington, DC David Arons, J.D. 2016 Senior
Supports planning for new programs, expansion or modification of existing resources, and feasibility studies to explore various approaches to the development of interdisciplinary programs that offer potential solutions to problems of special significance to the mission of the NCI.
Research Programs Supported by NCI Related Resources The MERIT Award Research Networks Breast and Colon Cancer Family Registries Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Centers (BCERC) Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium Cancer Care Outcomes
Dr. John E. Niederhuber Director, National Cancer Institute Clinical Trials Advisory Committee March 4, 2009 NCI Director’s Update • FY 2009 Omnibus Appropriations Bill • The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 • Priorities of the Obama
The NCI SBIR Development Center hosted a special informational webinar on the Phase IIB Bridge Award Program. Download slides and an audio recording from this webinar through our SBIR Presentations page.
NCI’s Center for Cancer Genomics applies genome science to better diagnose and treat cancer patients. The Center supports research to identify the genetic drivers of cancer and to advance the adoption of precise tumor diagnosis and treatment.
The HIV Drug Resistance Program (HIV DRP), Center for Cancer Research (CCR), will hold a conference on “Host Factors and Cofactors in HIV Infection” at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) campus in Frederick, Md., on Feb.
The National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs are an important source of early-stage technology financing for small businesses.
This research project seeks to meet the objective of science training by developing, assessing, validating and utilizing VR as a human anatomy training medium. Current anatomy instruction is primarily in the form of lectures and usage of textbooks. In ideal situations, anatomic models, computer-based instruction, and cadaver dissection are utilized to augment traditional methods of instruction. At many institutions, lack of financial resources limits anatomy instruction to textbooks and lectures. However, human anatomy is three-dimensional, unlike the one-dimensional depiction found in textbooks and the two-dimensional depiction found on the computer. Virtual reality allows one to step through the computer screen into a 3-D artificial world. The primary objective of this project is to produce a virtual reality application of the abdominopelvic region of a human cadaver that can be taken back to the classroom. The hypothesis is that an immersive learning environment affords quicker anatomic recognition and orientation and a greater level of retention in human anatomy instruction. The goal is to augment not replace traditional modes of instruction.
The present state of human gross anatomy in medical education can generally be characterized as the presentation of a large bolus of information that is swallowed and only partly digested during the first year of medical school. The subject is often taught in a depth beyond that which would be relevant to all physicians irrespective of their future professional careers. This condition has resulted from adaptive adjustments to the escalating discrepancy between a rapidly expanding knowledge base in science and technology and the relatively fixed time period for education of a physician. Initially, traditional courses retained their comprehensive character, and new information was simply piled on top of existing departmental offerings. It soon became obvious that there would have to be a reduction in time devoted to established courses and a reciprocal expansion of time to accommodate newly developing sciences. Such adjustments were painful and often led to conflicts about what comprises essential knowledge in medical education. Thus, the curriculum time devoted to human gross anatomy has been significantly reduced to accommodate new knowledge in cellular and sub-cellular structures and other disciplines. That common foundation of knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes essential to all physicians regardless of specialty is ever-changing and often debated by medical school faculty members. However, two facts are generally agreed upon: that today's medical student with a broad but perhaps thin base in science and limited direct clinical experience is not competent upon graduation to assume patient care responsibilities without supervision and that as a result, the formal education of a physician has expanded into the graduate domain.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3706911
Today, construction projects at NCI at Frederick are managed by Senior Project Managers (PMs) Bart Christy, Joe Hall, Bruce Fernalld, and Craig Robillard, in the Facilities Maintenance and Engineering (FME) Directorate. They are supervised by FME Project Operations Manager Talal Khalil.
FVB-Tg(ARR2/Pbsn-MYC)7Key/Nci PCR Protocol Strain: FVB-Tg(ARR2/Pbsn-MYC)7Key/Nci Strain Code: 01XK8 Protocol Number: 1 Introductory Comment: In the FVB-Tg(ARR2/Pbsn-MYC)7Key strain, MO45 is specific for the ARR2Pb Promoter element, and MO47 is specific
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced today that it has awarded funding to the HMO Research Network to expand and strengthen its research capabilities with a focus on cancer, and to launch initial projects studying ways to increase effective cancer prevention and control efforts among enrollees in health maintenance organizations.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced today the award of a contract to AverStar, Inc., of Vienna, Va., to develop and implement a prototype geographic information system (GIS) for breast cancer studies as part of the Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP). Questions and Answers
Background Improvements in technology have been accompanied by the generation of large amounts of complex data. This same technology must be harnessed effectively if the knowledge stored within the data is to be retrieved. Storing data in ontologies aids its management; ontologies serve as controlled vocabularies that promote data exchange and re-use, improving analysis. The Edinburgh Mouse Atlas Project stores the developmental stages of the mouse embryo in anatomy ontologies. This project is looking at the use of visual data overviews for intuitive analysis of the ontology data. Results A prototype has been developed that visualises the ontologies using directed acyclic graphs in two dimensions, with the ability to study detail in regions of interest in isolation or within the context of the overview. This is followed by the development of a technique that layers individual anatomy ontologies in three-dimensional space, so that relationships across multiple data sets may be mapped using physical links drawn along the third axis. Conclusion Usability evaluations of the applications confirmed advantages in visual analysis of complex data. This project will look next at data input from multiple sources, and continue to develop the techniques presented to provide intuitive identification of relationships that span multiple ontologies.
A number of studies have tried to exploit subtle phase differences in BOLD time series to resolve the order of sequential activation of brain regions, or more generally the ability of signal in one region to predict subsequent signal in another region. More recently, such lag-based measures have been applied to investigate directed functional connectivity, although this application has been controversial. We attempted to use large publicly available datasets (FCON 1000, ADHD 200, Human Connectome Project) to determine whether consistent spatial patterns of Granger Causality are observed in typical fMRI data. For BOLD datasets from 1,240 typically developing subjects ages 7-40, we measured Granger causality between time series for every pair of 7,266 spherical ROIs covering the gray matter and 264 seed ROIs at hubs of the brain's functional network architecture. Granger causality estimates were strongly reproducible for connections in a test and replication sample (n=620 subjects for each group), as well as in data from a single subject scanned repeatedly, both during resting and passive video viewing. The same effect was even stronger in high temporal resolution fMRI data from the Human Connectome Project, and was observed independently in data collected during performance of 7 task paradigms. The spatial distribution of Granger causality reflected vascular anatomy with a progression from Granger causality sources, in Circle of Willis arterial inflow distributions, to sinks, near large venous vascular structures such as dural venous sinuses and at the periphery of the brain. Attempts to resolve BOLD phase differences with Granger causality should consider the possibility of reproducible vascular confounds, a problem that is independent of the known regional variability of the hemodynamic response. PMID:24349569
Webb, J Taylor; Ferguson, Michael A; Nielsen, Jared A; Anderson, Jeffrey S
This article describes the gross radiographic anatomy of the equine thorax observed on the lateral radiographic projection. The descriptions presented were derived from a retrospective study of a large number of thoracic radiographs of cases referred to the Massey University clinic in conjunction with research studies in bronchography, angiography and in vitro contrast techniques. The characteristics of the thoracic bony
(1) Scanning electron microscopy and vascular casting were used to study the morphology and vascular anatomy of the fully developed internal gills of Litoria ewingii tadpoles. — (2) The four pairs of gills were located in two branchial baskets on either side of the heart. Each gill consisted of a branchial arch with gill tufts projecting ventrally and gill filters
The NCI Best Practices for Biospecimen Resources identifies best practices for biospecimen collection, processing, storage, retrieval, and dissemination and addresses concepts of good laboratory practice to ensure a level of consistency and standardization across NCI-supported biospecimen resources.
NCI Director Harold Varmus recently announced that the NCI-Frederick campus has been approved to use a new name befitting its status as a national laboratory - Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research (FNLCR) or Frederick National Lab for short.
Describes how cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instruction can be included in a college anatomy and physiology course. Equipment and instructors are provided locally by the Red Cross or American Heart Association. (MA)
A look at whether or not nursing students should take Anatomy and Physiology. Focusing on assessment, this resource describes seven situations where understanding how to take a pulse correlates to A & P.
A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to become a human anatomy teacher-scholar. These projects included: (1) prospectively testing a hypothesis, and performing outcomes assessment in a field for which little data (theory) exist (dissection guide educational research project), (2) creating innovative course content that bridged disciplines (cadaver autopsy project), and (3) composing original teaching material for a specific audience (human anatomy laboratory manual). The training of a human anatomy teacher-scholar emphasizes knowledge acquisition in both the basic sciences (particularly gross anatomy) and in educational outcomes research methodology and theory. Therefore, human anatomy teacher-scholars are positioned to create innovative course content and materials and assess the innovations to guide future efforts. These are important skills for faculty members involved in the education of medical students in the U.S. as the medical education system in the U.S. continues to evolve.
If you are used to using the term “NCI-Frederick” to identify your work location, please note that this name has been officially retired. This change was made to ensure consistency with the naming conventions used by other NCI locations, such as NCI at Shady Grove.
Community Clinical Oncology Program NCI Staff 2003 Division of Cancer Prevention Peter Greenwald, M.D. - Dr.P.H., Division Director Leslie G. Ford, M.D. - Associate Director for Clinical Research Community Oncology and Prevention Trials Research Group Lori M. Minasian, M.D., FACP - Research Group Chief Barbara K. Dunn, Ph.D., M.D. - CCOP Program Director Joseph W. Kelaghan, M.D., M.P.H. - CCOP Program Director Worta J. McCaskill-Stevens, M.D., M.S. - MB-CCOP Program Director Ann M.
The gross anatomy of the avian ceca is reviewed. In most birds, right and left ceca arise laterally or ventrolaterally at the junction of the small and large intestines. In a few species, the ceca open into the rectum ventrally or dorsally. In many herons and bitterns, only one cecum is present, and in the secretary bird there are two pairs of ceca. Ceca are absent in woodpeckers, hummingbirds, swifts, kingfishers, pigeons, mousebirds, cuckoos, and parrots. Ceca may be classified according to length into long, moderately or poorly developed, and vestigial types. In most birds, the ceca are simple tubular structures with minor variations in shape. However, in a few species, including the ostrich, rheas, kiwis, some tinamous, the red-throated loon, screamers, the satyr tragopan, the great bustard, and the pin-tailed sandgrouse, the ceca are sacculated or have diverticula. There is usually no correlation between the development of the ceca and systematic position. Except in grouse (Tetraonidae), in which the long ceca are related to the fibre content of the diet, the correlation between cecal development and diet is extremely limited. There is no relationship between the size of the ceca and the length and width of the rectum. PMID:2575123
The transsphenoidal approach is the preferred access used in surgical treatment of most sellar region pathologies. The use of endoscopy is advantageous, and it is considered a good alternative to the traditional microsurgical technique. The purpose of this study is to recognize and describe anatomical variations of the sphenoid sinus and the sellar region, mainly describing the anatomy of the posterior wall of the sphenoid sinus and analyzing intercarotid distances in 3 regions. Thirty sphenoid blocks treated with formaldehyde were injected and dissected. Using endoscopy, anatomical variations were studied and the intercarotid distances were measured at the tuberculum sellae, sellar floor and clivus. The types of sphenoid sinus found were: conchal in 1 (4.76 %), pré-sellar in 2 (9.52 %) and sellar in 19 (85.7 %) specimens. The mean distance found from the sphenoid sinus ostium to the sella turcica was 19 mm (±6.5) mm. The mean intercarotid distances found at the tuberculum sellae, sellar floor and clivus were respectively 13.32, 18.00 and 18.90 mm. Endoscopy, with its magnification and lighting provide a panoramic view of deep fields. The anatomical variations described in this study support the need for a careful evaluation of preoperative images in each case. PMID:22847021
Perondi, Gerson Evandro; Isolan, Gustavo Rassier; de Aguiar, Paulo Henrique Pires; Stefani, Marco Antônio; Falcetta, E Frederico
The anatomy of the perineum and pelvis is complex. Those outside the specialist fields of colorectal surgery, urology and gynaecological surgery often have a less-than-complete understanding of the anatomical details of this region. The recent increase in complicated pelvic and perineal injuries caused by the detonation of Improvised Explosive Devices has brought into sharp focus, the importance of this area of surgical anatomy. The following article describes, in a systematic and detailed manner, the anatomy of the urogenital and anal regions of the perineum. The terminology in relation to the fascial layers and structures encountered in the perineum is elucidated. In addition, the surgical anatomy of the scrotum and its contents and the ligamentous support of the penis are described, with clear illustrations throughout. It is intended that this article will go some way towards clarifying the anatomy underlying the surgical management of complex perineal/pelvic injuries, and benefit both the specialist and non-specialist military surgeon. PMID:23631319
This article describes an alternate mechanism for teaching cardiovascular anatomy using dilated canine hearts. The article describes the methodology and academic benefits of using canine hearts in an anatomy laboratory.
This website provides information regarding Johns Hopkins' Summer Institute in Human Anatomy for Undergraduates. The course is a four week intensive lecture and lab course with the goal of providing undergraduates an introduction to anatomy and cadavers.
Johns Hopkins University (Johns Hopkins University)
Foot problems are extremely common in elephants and radiography is the only imaging method available but the radiographic anatomy has not been described in detail. The aims of this study were to develop a radiographic protocol for elephant feet using digital radiography, and to describe the normal radiographic anatomy of the Asian elephant front and hind foot. A total of fifteen cadaver foot specimens from captive Asian elephants were radiographed using a range of projections and exposures to determine the best radiographic technique. This was subsequently tested in live elephants in a free-contact setting. The normal radiographic anatomy of the Asian elephant front and hind foot was described with the use of three-dimensional models based on CT reconstructions. The projection angles that were found to be most useful were 65-70° for the front limb and 55-60° in the hind limb. The beam was centred 10-15 cm proximal to the cuticle in the front and 10-15 cm dorsal to the plantar edge of the sole in the hind foot depending on the size of the foot. The protocol developed can be used for larger-scale diagnostic investigations of captive elephant foot disorders, while the normal radiographic anatomy described can improve the diagnostic reliability of elephant feet radiography. PMID:24048633
Mumby, C; Bouts, T; Sambrook, L; Danika, S; Rees, E; Parry, A; Rendle, M; Masters, N; Weller, R
FACILITY is a data management system created by Locus Technology, Inc. that is currently being utilized by the Laboratory Animal Sciences Program to automate the management of animal inventory, billing, technical charges, animal study proposals, and training records for all NCI-Frederick and Bethesda animal facility locations. LASP is currently working with interested investigators, at NCI-Frederick, to expand the capabilities of FACILITY by using the system to track individual animal data, breeding colony data, as well as experimental and study data.
All compounds submitted to the NCI 60 Cell screen, or compounds currently in the screening queue, will now be tested initially at a single high dose (10-5 M) in the full NCI 60 cell panel. Only compounds which satisfy pre- determined threshold inhibition criteria will progress to the 5-dose screen. The threshold inhibition criteria for progression to the 5-dose screen was designed to efficiently capture compounds with anti-proliferative activity and is based on careful analysis of historical DTP screening data.
Fully developed leaves of Cryptochloa capillata (Swallen) Soderstrom, Raddia brasilienses Bertol and Pharus lappulaceus Aublet (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) were collected at Restinga de Jacarepiá, Environment Proctection Area of Massambaba, county of Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and studied by optical microscope. Leaf anatomy is described in order to contribute to the Poaceae family study. Anatomic features observed in the three studied species such as: midrib with complex vascular system, mesophyll consisting of tabular lobed chlorophyllous elements and fusoid cells, vascular bundles with double sheath, epidermis made up of long cells, short cells, micro-hairs, prickles and silica bodies correspond to the "bambusoid type" of leaf anatomy. PMID:12659043
Vieira, R C; Gomes, D M S; Sarahyba, L S; Arruda, R C O
In this version, developed for a course in human anatomy and physiology, the protagonist of the case, Dr. Westwood, survives an accidental poisoning-not once, but twice. Students read about each incident, applying what they learn in each part of the case to the later sections, and then design a drug to treat the neurotoxin poisoning described in the story. The case comes in three different versions, or editions. This is the Human Anatomy & Physiology Edition, which has a different set of questions than the General Biology Edition or the Cell & Molecular Biology Edition, also in our collection.
[figure removed for brevity, see original site] Poster Version (Figure 1) NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope captured the picture on the left of comet Holmes in March 2008, five months after the comet suddenly erupted and brightened a millionfold overnight. The contrast of the picture has been enhanced on the right to show the anatomy of the comet. Every six years, comet 17P/Holmes speeds away from Jupiter and heads inward toward the sun, traveling the same route typically without incident. However, twice in the last 116 years, in November 1892 and October 2007, comet Holmes mysteriously exploded as it approached the asteroid belt. Astronomers still do not know the cause of these eruptions. Spitzer's infrared picture at left hand side of figure 1, reveals fine dust particles that make up the outer shell, or coma, of the comet. The nucleus of the comet is within the bright whitish spot in the center, while the yellow area shows solid particles that were blown from the comet in the explosion. The comet is headed away from the sun, which lies beyond the right-hand side of figure 1. The contrast-enhanced picture on the right shows the comet's outer shell, and strange filaments, or streamers, of dust. The streamers and shell are a yet another mystery surrounding comet Holmes. Scientists had initially suspected that the streamers were small dust particles ejected from fragments of the nucleus, or from hyerpactive jets on the nucleus, during the October 2007 explosion. If so, both the streamers and the shell should have shifted their orientation as the comet followed its orbit around the sun. Radiation pressure from the sun should have swept the material back and away from it. But pictures of comet Holmes taken by Spitzer over time show the streamers and shell in the same configuration, and not pointing away from the sun. The observations have left astronomers stumped. The horizontal line seen in the contrast-enhanced picture is a trail of debris that travels along with the comet in its orbit. The Spitzer picture was taken with the spacecraft's multiband imaging photometer at an infrared wavelength of 24 microns.
Photography has a widespread usage in medicine and anatomy. In this review, authors focused on the usage of photography in gross and clinical anatomy. Photography in gross and clinical anatomy is not only essential for accurate documentation of morphological findings but also important in sharing knowledge and experience. Photographs of cadavers…
Publications on anatomy in medical education appear to be largely anecdotal. To explore this, we investigated the literature on anatomy in medical education, aiming first to evaluate the contribution of the literature on anatomy in medical education to "best evidence medical education" (BEME) and second to evaluate the development of this…
Vorstenbosch, Marc; Bolhuis, Sanneke; van Kuppeveld, Sascha; Kooloos, Jan; Laan, Roland
We incorporated clay modeling into gross anatomy and neuro-anatomy courses to help students understand cross-sectional anatomy. By making clay models, cutting them and comparing cut surfaces to CT and MR images, students learned how cross-sectional two-dimensional images were created from three-dimensional structure of human organs. Most students…
This article describes the effect of adding clay modeling to a gross anatomy and neuro anatomy course. The purpose of adding the clay modeling was to assist students with gaining a greater understanding of cross sectional anatomy and to compare these models to CT and MRI scans. Outcomes of the positive effect of clay modeling are explained.
Changes in anatomy education over the last two decades have, in large part, led to less emphasis on gross anatomy in the medical curriculum. This has led many to question whether streamlined anatomy courses truly provide adequate preparation for medical practice. Rather than wondering about the effects of these changes, we should be actively…
Background Over the last two decades, zebrafish have been established as a genetically versatile model system for investigating many different aspects of vertebrate developmental biology. With the credentials of zebrafish as a developmental model now well recognized, the emerging new opportunity is the wider application of zebrafish biology to aspects of human disease modelling. This rapidly increasing use of zebrafish as a model for human disease has necessarily generated interest in the anatomy of later developmental phases such as the larval, juvenile, and adult stages, during which many of the key aspects of organ morphogenesis and maturation take place. Anatomical resources and references that encompass these stages are non-existent in zebrafish and there is therefore an urgent need to understand how different organ systems and anatomical structures develop throughout the life of the fish. Results To overcome this deficit we have utilized the technique of optical projection tomography to produce three-dimensional (3D) models of larval fish. In order to view and display these models we have created FishNet http://www.fishnet.org.au, an interactive reference of zebrafish anatomy spanning the range of zebrafish development from 24 h until adulthood. Conclusion FishNet contains more than 36 000 images of larval zebrafish, with more than 1 500 of these being annotated. The 3D models can be manipulated on screen or virtually sectioned. This resource represents the first complete embryo to adult atlas for any species in 3D.
Bryson-Richardson, Robert J; Berger, Silke; Schilling, Thomas F; Hall, Thomas E; Cole, Nicholas J; Gibson, Abigail J; Sharpe, James; Currie, Peter D
In this review, we (i) describe the nomenclature of Broca's area and show how the circumscribed definition of Broca's area is disassociated from Broca's aphasia, (ii) describe in detail how the gross anatomy of Broca's area varies between people, and how the definitions vary between studies, (iii) attempt to reconcile the findings of structural…
Keller, Simon S.; Crow, Timothy; Foundas, Anne; Amunts, Katrin; Roberts, Neil
The use of the pulmonary autograft for aortic root replacement has renewed interest in the morphology of the arterial roots. In this article the basic construction of the roots, their anchorage, and their support from surrounding structures are reviewed. The arterial roots manifest a complex anatomy, with an intricate relation between the anulus and its adjacent structures, which span the
Margot M. Bartelings; Ad J. J. C. Bogers; Mark E. Galantowicz; Adriana C. Gittenberger-de Groot
At the Medical College of Wisconsin, a procedure was developed to allow computerized grading and grade reporting of laboratory practical examinations in the Clinical Human Anatomy course. At the start of the course, first year medical students were given four Lists of Structures. On these lists, numbered items were arranged alphabetically; the items were anatomical structures that could be tagged on a given lab practical examination. Each lab exam featured an anatomy laboratory component and a computer laboratory component. For the anatomy lab component, students moved from one question station to another at timed intervals and identified tagged anatomical structures. As students identified a tagged structure, they referred to a copy of the list (provided with their answer sheet) and wrote the number corresponding to the structure on their answer sheet. Immediately after the anatomy lab component, students were escorted to a computer instruction laboratory where they typed their answer numbers into a secured testing component of a learning management system that recorded their answers for automatic grading. After a brief review of examination scores and item analysis by faculty, exam scores were reported to students electronically. Adding this brief computer component to each lab exam greatly reduced faculty grading time, reduced grading errors and provided faster performance feedback for students without changing overall student performance. PMID:19177415
Krippendorf, Beth B; Bolender, David L; Kolesari, Gary L
Recent work in cognitive psychology has shown that repeatedly testing one's knowledge is a powerful learning aid and provides substantial benefits for retention of the material. To apply this in a human anatomy course for medical students, 39 fill-in-the-blank quizzes of about 50 questions each, one for each region of the body, and four about the…
Logan, Jessica M.; Thompson, Andrew J.; Marshak, David W.
At the Medical College of Wisconsin, a procedure was developed to allow computerized grading and grade reporting of laboratory practical examinations in the Clinical Human Anatomy course. At the start of the course, first year medical students were given four Lists of Structures. On these lists, numbered items were arranged alphabetically; the…
Krippendorf, Beth B.; Bolender, David L.; Kolesari, Gary L.
This document is the fall and spring semester course syllabus of Biology 242--Human Anatomy at Southern University (Louisiana). Sections include: (1) Descriptive Information; (2) Specification of Course Goals and Objectives; (3) Readings; (4) Description of Instructional Procedures; (5) Course Requirements; (6) Course Schedule; (7) Evaluation of…
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The laterocavernous sinus (LCS) has recently been rec- ognized as one of the major drainage pathways of the superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV). Our purpose was to investigate the drainage pattern of the SMCV, with special emphasis on the angiographic anatomy of the LCS. METHODS: The drainage pathways of the SMCV were evaluated prospectively on 100 se-
Philippe Gailloud; Diego San Millan Ruiz; Michel Muster; Kieran J. Murphy; Jean H. D. Fasel; Daniel A. Rufenacht
Investigators are beginning to exploit the pericardial space for a number of cardiovascular applications, including catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias, cardiovascular drug therapy, and cardiac pacing. This review explores the anatomy of the pericardial space and the anatomic variants that may be encountered in this novel approach to the heart. PMID:12741718
D'Avila, Andre; Scanavacca, Mauricio; Sosa, Eduardo; Ruskin, Jeremy N; Reddy, Vivek Y
Catasetinae consist of five genera of pseudobulbous Orchidaceae of the Neotropics. Anatomy is characterized by sunken, three-celled foliar hairs, mostly tetracytic stomatal apparatuses, superficial stomata, homogeneous mesophyll, foliar fibre bundles, collateral vascular bundles in a single row, xylem and phloem sclerenchyma associated with vascular bundles in leaves, conical, and rough-surfaced silica bodies adjacent to vascular bundle sclerenchyma; epidermal cells of
Born in 1871 in Pennsylvania, Walter Tennyson Swingle grew up with little formal schooling, but he ended up working for well over half a century in the fields of tropical botany and Chinese literature. Created by the University of Miami Libraries and Professor Barbara Whitlock, this digital archive brings together primary documents, slides, and other items taken from the Swingle archives. On the homepage, visitors can look through four primary sections, including the "Plant Anatomy Digital Archive" and "Plant Anatomy Animations". In the "Plant Anatomy Digital Archive", visitors can browse over 1700 images from more than 250 species collected from all over the world. Also, visitors can learn about the challenges involved with maintaining such a collection. Moving on, the "Plant Anatomy Animations" are utterly fascinating, as they consist of transforming images of consecutive microtome sections, providing "a new perspective on how plants are constructed in three dimensions." The site is rounded out with a section on Swingle himself, complete with a biography, articles about his work, and a link to some of his publications.
Middle schoolers are often first introduced to detailed cellular anatomy through one-dimensional drawings in basic life science books, fill-in-the blank handouts accompanied by notes from the teacher, or desktop hard-plastic commercial models that resemble giant lollipops. One of the most important, yet difficult, life science concepts for…
We present a new metaphor for learning anatomy - the 3d puzzle. With this metaphor students learn anatomic relations by assem- bling a geometric model themselves. For this purpose, a 3d model is enriched with docking positions which allow objects to be connected to- gether. As complex 3d interactions are required to compose 3d objects, sophisticated 3d visualization- and interaction
The aim of the present work was to see if storytelling in a clinical dental anatomy course would increase student satisfaction. We enhanced teaching by spontaneous storytelling in problem-based learning, in half of the third-year dentistry class. At the end of the course, we administered an anonymous questionnaire to the students in the class,…
While these separate systems have been largely successful in meeting the requirements of individual service providers and customer groups, the dissimilarities among individual systems have led to an inconsistent user experience and difficulties in reporting across service areas.
As part of a curriculum development project for gifted students, seventh and tenth grades (N=323) were tested with the Structure of Intellect Learning Abilities Test (SOI-LA) to compare students' scores with norms already collected, investigate differences between the sexes, identify specific types of tasks to promote achievement, and to determine…
N U M B E R 2 5 Picking up the Pace: 2011?2014 Changes to the Health Information National Trends Survey The National Cancer Institute?s (NCI) Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) was developed more than a decade ago to track changes
The Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics (DCEG) is an intramural research program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH) that conducts population and multidisciplinary research to discover the genetic and environmental determinants of cancer and new approaches to cancer prevention.
Our direct research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of cancer, AIDS, and related diseases. From basic research into the molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis to pre-clinical investigation of potential new treatments, scientists at NCI-Frederick are studying the origins of cancer—the genes, proteins, and signals involved in initiation—and identifying possible targets to treat or prevent the disease.
Mouse models are provided free of charge through the NCI Mouse Repository, however, the customer is responsible for shipping charges if the shipment must go by air or special truck. There is no charge for normal truck delivery. Up to three (3) breeder pairs are routinely supplied on an order. On occasion, larger numbers of breeder pairs may be available - please inquire.
A recent report in the scientific literature has reawakened debate about the value of screening mammograms. The analysis, which appeared in The Lancet on October 20, 2001, reviewed the large, long-term mammography trials upon which the NCI and other groups have based their recommendations and guidelines concerning mammography screening.
In accordance with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Guidelines, the National Cancer Institute-Frederick (NCI-F) has established an Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) . The committee represents the interests of the surrounding community with respect to public health and protection of the environment, animal containment principles and biological safety.
The Visible Human Project data sets are designed to serve as a common reference point for the study of human anatomy, as a set of common public-domain data for testing medical imaging algorithms, and as a testbed and model for the construction of image libraries that can be accessed through networks. The data sets are being applied to a wide
The NCI Mouse Repository maintains up to 40 strains as live colonies. These are marked as "Live Mice" on the strain list. Colonies are maintained under specific pathogen-free (SPF) conditions. Genetic integrity of all NCI Mouse Repository strains is monitored by PCR genotyping.
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov March
The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) laboratories at NCI-Frederick are operated by SAIC Frederick, Inc. and were established to provide NCI and other NIH laboratories and initiatives with access to leading-edge technologies and specialized expertise through a tightly integrated, highly effective approach to the study of complex biological problems.
1 | NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health http://cancer.gov D i r e c t
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov August
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov November
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer Bulletin A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov May ?5, 2007 Volume 4 | Number
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov June
It is vital that those who manage NCI digital media products follow required and recommended policies and procedures as set forth by authoritative federal agencies, including the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), of which NCI is a part.
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov July
LETTER FROM NCI SBIR Welcome to the inaugural National Cancer Institute (NCI) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Investor Forum. Thank you for joining us. I hope that today will be a valuable opportunity for you to learn more about the most
NCI at ASCO: Saturday, May 31, 2014 Sessions Featuring NCI Staff Saturday, May 31 The Changing Landscape of Federally Sponsored Trials 8:00 a.m.- 9:15 a.m.Location: McCormick Place S100a Speakers: Jeffrey Abrams, Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis,
Please visit this page often to view new opportunities. You may also sign up to receive email updates from the NCI SBIR Development Center announcing new funding opportunities. If you would like to receive updates from the NCI SBIR and STTR Program, please enter your email address into the box below.
The National Cancer Institute is committed to making progress against different cancer types through varied approaches. To this end, it develops, funds, and disseminates a vast array of programs, materials, and resources. Staff from across the Institute compiled this Guide to NCI Resources. This descriptive listing of key resources aims to meet the anticipated needs of the NCI Community Cancer Centers Program pilot sites.
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov May
NCI at ASCO: Monday, June 2, 2014 Sessions Featuring NCI Staff Monday, June 2 Cancer Genomics and Inherited Risk: Recent Advances and Current Challenges 9:45 a.m.- 11:00 a.m.Location: McCormick Place S404 Speakers: Stephen Chanock, Division of Cancer
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov July
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov October
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov November
1 NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov D
The NCI expects to devote at least $10,000,000 to this ARRA supplement program. Also, for this initiative, NCI will accept requests from all types of grants (activity codes) except for fellowships (F), individual K awards, training grants (Ts) and Conference grants (R13s and U13s).
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer Bulletin A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov January 3, 2007 Volume 4 | Number
1 NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health http://cancer.gov D i r e c t o
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer B?lletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov December
NCI at ASCO: Tuesday, June 3, 2014 Sessions Featuring NCI Staff Tuesday, June 3 50 Years of Progress in Advanced Prostate CancerASCO 50th Anniversary Session 9:45 a.m.- 11:00 a.m.Location: McCormick Place S100bc Speakers: Ravi Amrit Madan, Center for
NCI DCP News Summary NCI-Funded Researchers Find Early, Measurable, and Reversible Marker of Lung Cancer Risk Posted 04/08/2010 – Only a subset of people who actively smoke, or who smoked and quit, develop lung cancer. There is no way to identify who
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov December
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the Suffering and Death Due to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov April
? NCI Cancer Bulletin NCI Cancer BulletinEliminating the S?ffering and Death D?e to Cancer A Publication of the National Cancer Institute U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 05-5498 http://www.cancer.gov April
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced today that it is accepting applications for projects that create and implement cancer control and prevention programs in minority and underserved communities to address the disparities in cancer rates within certain subgroups of the United States population.
The approach to Quality Management is compatible with that of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and involves both the management of the project and management of the products of the project. Management of projects is the same for all projects while management of the project's product quality is based on the standards for the product.
The study of human anatomy can be found throughout the rich history of Persia. For thousands of years, morphological descriptions derived from this part of the world have contributed to and have helped form our current anatomical knowledge base. In this article we review the major influential Persian periods and the individuals who have contributed to the development of anatomy. We have divided the history of Persia into five eras: (1) the period of the Elamites, Medes, early Persians and Babylonians (10th millennium to 6th century BC); (2) following the establishment of the Persian Empire (6th century BC) to the 7th century AD; (3) after the Islamic conquest of Persia to the ascendency of Baghdad (7th to 13th century AD); (4) from the Mongol invasion of Persia to the foundations of modern anatomy (13th to 18th century AD); and (5) modern Persia/Iran (18th century AD to present). Evidence indicates that human dissection was commonplace in the first era, which led to a disciplined practice of surgery in the centuries leading to the foundation of the Persian Empire. By the emergence of Zoroastrianism in the Persian Empire, the microcosm theory was widely used to understand internal anatomy in relation to the external universe. The world's first cosmopolitan university and hospital were built in Gondishapur, south-western Persia, in the third century AD. Greek and Syriac knowledge influenced the second era. With the gradual ruin of Gondishapur and the foundation of Baghdad following the Islamic conquest of Persia (637-651 AD), a great movement took place, which led to the flourishing of the so-called Middle Age or Islamic Golden Age. Of the influential anatomists of this period, Mesue (777-857 AD), Tabbari (838-870 AD), Rhazes (865-925 AD), Joveini (?-983 AD), Ali ibn Abbas (930-994 AD), Avicenna (980-1037 AD) and Jorjani (1042-1137 AD) all hailed from Persia. There is evidence in the Persian literature as to the direct involvement of these scholars in human dissection. Syro-Indian, Byzantine, Greek, Chinese and Arabic knowledge all influenced the third era. In the fourth period, the first colour illustrated anatomical text (by Mansur, 14th century AD) was compiled. Chinese and Indian anatomical styles were embraced, though there was a strong religious siege of anatomy late in this era. By the 19th century, Persia had entered a new era of modernizing movements and academic contact with the West through the reforms of Mirza Tagi Khan Amir Kabir. Knowledge of anatomy for this region in the 20th century was greatly influenced by Europe and America. PMID:17428200
The study of human anatomy can be found throughout the rich history of Persia. For thousands of years, morphological descriptions derived from this part of the world have contributed to and have helped form our current anatomical knowledge base. In this article we review the major influential Persian periods and the individuals who have contributed to the development of anatomy. We have divided the history of Persia into five eras: (1) the period of the Elamites, Medes, early Persians and Babylonians (10th millennium to 6th century BC); (2) following the establishment of the Persian Empire (6th century BC) to the 7th century AD; (3) after the Islamic conquest of Persia to the ascendency of Baghdad (7th to 13th century AD); (4) from the Mongol invasion of Persia to the foundations of modern anatomy (13th to 18th century AD); and (5) modern Persia/Iran (18th century AD to present). Evidence indicates that human dissection was commonplace in the first era, which led to a disciplined practice of surgery in the centuries leading to the foundation of the Persian Empire. By the emergence of Zoroastrianism in the Persian Empire, the microcosm theory was widely used to understand internal anatomy in relation to the external universe. The world's first cosmopolitan university and hospital were built in Gondishapur, south-western Persia, in the third century AD. Greek and Syriac knowledge influenced the second era. With the gradual ruin of Gondishapur and the foundation of Baghdad following the Islamic conquest of Persia (637–651 AD), a great movement took place, which led to the flourishing of the so-called Middle Age or Islamic Golden Age. Of the influential anatomists of this period, Mesue (777–857 AD), Tabbari (838–870 AD), Rhazes (865–925 AD), Joveini (??983 AD), Ali ibn Abbas (930–994 AD), Avicenna (980–1037 AD) and Jorjani (1042–1137 AD) all hailed from Persia. There is evidence in the Persian literature as to the direct involvement of these scholars in human dissection. Syro-Indian, Byzantine, Greek, Chinese and Arabic knowledge all influenced the third era. In the fourth period, the first colour illustrated anatomical text (by Mansur, 14th century AD) was compiled. Chinese and Indian anatomical styles were embraced, though there was a strong religious siege of anatomy late in this era. By the 19th century, Persia had entered a new era of modernizing movements and academic contact with the West through the reforms of Mirza Tagi Khan Amir Kabir. Knowledge of anatomy for this region in the 20th century was greatly influenced by Europe and America.
In addition, Douglas Lowy, M.D., NCI Deputy Director, presented the 2014 NCI Director’s Innovation Awards, which are designed to support the development of novel approaches and technologies for accelerating cancer research.
NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Media Center Overview Search NCCCP NCCCP Home About Focus Areas NCI in the Community News & Publications Contact Contact For General Information Frank Blanchard (Contractor) Director,
The National Cancer Advisory Board (NCAB) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) today accepted 22 strategic proposals for revamping the NCI's cancer clinical trials system and a five-year implementation plan to accomplish the changes.
On June 24, 2014, the Scientific Program Leaders (SPL) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) approved the funding plan for the NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP), a national network of investigators, cancer care providers, academic institutions, and other organizations.
NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Progress Reports and Tools Search NCCCP NCCCP Home About Focus Areas NCI in the Community News & Publications Contact About Overview For Patients and Public For Researchers NCCCP Progress Reports and Tools
NCI develops, implements, and evaluates programs across the cancer continuum. To complement these programs, NCI has developed a large variety of educational materials, many of them designed for patients.
Información sobre los programas e iniciativas del NCI que patrocinan, realizan, crean o apoyan estudios clínicos, entre los que se incluyen la Red Nacional de Estudios Clínicos (NCTN) y el Programa de Investigación Oncológica Comunitaria (NCORP) del NCI.
NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Participating Program Sites Search NCCCP NCCCP Home About Focus Areas NCI in the Community News & Publications Contact About Overview For Patients and Public NCCCP Progress Reports and Tools NCCCP Hospitals
Anatomy has traditionally been a cornerstone of medical education, which has been taught via dissection and didactic lectures. The rising prevalence of mobile tablet technology means medical software applications ("apps") play an increasingly important role in medical education. The applications highlighted in this article will aid anatomical educators to identify which are the most useful in clinical, academic, and educational environments. These have been systematically identified by downloading all applications with keywords related to anatomy and then carrying out qualitative assessment. Novel anatomy applications from developers such as Visible Body, 3D4Medical, and Pocket Anatomy allow students to visualize and manipulate complex anatomical structures using detailed 3D models. They often contain additional content including clinical correlations and a range of media from instructional videos to interactive quiz functions. The strength of tablet technology lies in its ability to consolidate and present anatomical information to the user in the most appropriate manner for their learning style. The only question mark remains over the level of detail and accuracy of these applications. Innovative medical educators who embrace tablet technology will find that anatomy applications serve as a useful learning tool when used in conjunction with existing teaching setups. PMID:23661327
Lewis, T L; Burnett, B; Tunstall, R G; Abrahams, P H
The crocodilian spinal vein is remarkably robust yet historically overlooked. Using corrosion casting, we describe the anatomy of this vessel and its connections with the caval and hepatic venous systems in representatives from four crocodilian genera. The spinal vein arises from an enlarged occipital sinus over the medulla and extends the entire length of the vertebral column. Unlike in squamate reptiles, the spinal vein is single (nonplexiform), voluminous, and situated dorsal to the spinal cord, and plexi lateral to the cord span between emerging intercostal veins. The connections with the other venous systems are otherwise similar to those in other tetrapods. The overall anatomy of this vessel and its abundant connections with the other venous systems indicate it likely plays a primary role in returning blood to the heart from all parts of the body. Preliminary studies of function suggest that this vessel could also play an adaptive role during basking and diving. PMID:14584034
Zippel, Kevin C; Lillywhite, Harvey B; Mladinich, Christopher R J
NIH Director's New Innovator Awards The DP2 NIH Director’s New Innovator Awards provide support to highly innovative research projects by new investigators in all areas of biomedical and behavioral research.
: The complex anatomy of the pancreaticobiliary duct was studied to demonstrate basic data in Thai people. Fresh specimens\\u000a of the pancreas, common bile duct, and duodenum were obtained en bloc from the autopsies of 103 patients who had died of causes\\u000a not related to trauma or disease of these organs. The length of the pancreas, the location of the
Welcome to the Research Services Catalog. Services listed herein are available to NCI affiliated requestors on an open or limited-access "fee for service" basis. Services may also be available to non-NCI requestors; however, the listed prices are for NCI affiliated requestors and does not include a management support allocation. This charge will be assessed to non-NCI requestors and will be in addition to the listed price.
Robert Knox (1791-1862) is typically remembered as the Edinburgh anatomist to whom the murderers Burke and Hare sold the bodies of their victims. This association brought Knox infamy and damaged his life and career. Before the Burke and Hare scandal, Knox was one of the most famous, original and influential anatomists in Britain. He was also something of a dandy with a sophisticated appreciation of the visual arts. His most significant writings on artistic subjects were his books A Manual of Artistic Anatomy and Great Artists and Great Anatomists: A Biographical and Philosophical Study. Knox's interesting and independently minded opinions on the central artistic questions of his day were taken seriously by his contemporaries. His demotion in the official history of anatomy following his involvement with Burke and Hare, however, also removed him from the history of art theory in 19th century Britain. Knox was such a magnetic and impressive figure, though, that he has to be brought back to his era and his era is not complete without him. This paper discusses how Knox's writings on anatomy and biology shaped his contributions to art theory. It is a first step towards returning Knox, the art theorist, to the cultural life of 19th century Britain. PMID:21593248
Recent work in cognitive psychology has shown that repeatedly testing one's knowledge is a powerful learning aid and provides substantial benefits for retention of the material. To apply this in a human anatomy course for medical students, 39 fill-in-the-blank quizzes of about 50 questions each, one for each region of the body, and four about the nervous system, were developed. The quizzes were optional, and no credit was awarded. They were posted online using Blackboard, which provided feedback, and they were very popular. To determine whether the quizzes had any effect on retention, they were given in a controlled setting to 21 future medical and dental students. The weekly quizzes included questions on regional anatomy and an expanded set of questions on the nervous system. Each question about the nervous system was given three times, in a slightly different form each time. The second quiz was given approximately half an hour after the first one, and the third was given one week after the second to assess retention. The quizzes were unpopular, but students showed robust improvement on the questions about the nervous system. The scores increased by almost 9% on the second quiz, with no intervention except viewing the correct answers. The scores were 29% higher on the third quiz than on the first, and there was also a positive correlation between the grades on the quizzes and the final examination. Thus, repeated testing is an effective strategy for learning and retaining information about human anatomy. PMID:21805688
Logan, Jessica M; Thompson, Andrew J; Marshak, David W
Background and Aims This study is an investigation into the floral development and anatomy of two genera of the small family Salvadoraceae, which belongs to the Brassicales in a clade with Batis and Koeberlinia. Salvadoraceae remains little known, despite its wide distribution in arid areas of the globe. Floral morphological data are scarce, and information on floral anatomy is limited to a single study, although morphological and anatomical characters are now used increasingly as a counterpart of molecular data. There remain a number of controversial morphological questions, such as the fusion of the petals, the number of carpels and the nature of the nectaries. Methods Floral anatomy and ontogeny were studied in two species of Salvadora and one species of Dobera. Only for S. persica could a full floral developmental sequence be done. Key Results The floral development demonstrates that the ovary of Salvadoraceae is basically bicarpellate and pseudomonomerous with a single locule and parietal placenta. The ovary of Dobera resembles Azima tetracantha in the presence of a false apical septum. Evidence for a staminodial nature of the nectaries is not decisive. In Salvadora petals and stamens are lifted by a short hypanthium. Conclusions Salvadoraceae share several morphological and developmental synapomorphies with Batis (Bataceae) and possibly Koeberlinia (Koeberliniaceae), supporting their close relationship as indicated by molecular phylogeny.
Recent work in cognitive psychology has shown that repeatedly testing one’s knowledge is a powerful learning aid and provides substantial benefits for retention of the material. To apply this in a human anatomy course for medical students, 39 fill-in-the-blank quizzes of about 50 questions each, one for each region of the body and four about the nervous system, were developed. The quizzes were optional, and no credit was awarded. They were posted online using Blackboard, which provided feedback, and they were very popular. To determine whether the quizzes had any effect on retention, they were given in a controlled setting to 21 future medical and dental students. The weekly quizzes included questions on regional anatomy and an expanded set of questions on the nervous system. Each question about the nervous system was given three times, in a slightly different form each time. The second quiz was given approximately half an hour after the first one, and the third was given one week after the second to assess retention. The quizzes were unpopular, but students showed robust improvement on the questions about the nervous system. The scores increased by almost 9% on the second quiz, with no intervention except viewing the correct answers. The scores were 29% higher on the third quiz than on the first, and there was also a positive correlation between the grades on the quizzes and the final examination. Thus, repeated testing is an effective strategy for learning and retaining information about human anatomy.
Logan, Jessica M.; Thompson, Andrew J.; Marshak, David W.
The Developmental Therapeutics Program (DTP) operates a progressive, tiered in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer compound screening program for single pure compounds with the goal of identifying and evaluating novel chemical leads and biological mechanisms of action. The program does not support screening of chemical libraries. The DTP screens include the NCI 60 cell line screen and, as appropriate, the hollow fiber assay and relevant human tumor xenograft and rodent tumor models.
LISTSERVs, which replaced the old “majordomo” system several years ago, allow NCI at Frederick employees to subscribe to e-mail lists that pertain to specific topics. Once subscribed, you will receive all messages submitted to that list and then you can converse directly, via regular e-mail, with the individual who posted the message. When an e-mail is sent to a list, it is reviewed, approved, and then LISTSERV automatically distributes the message to all list subscribers.
The Delta(4DVH) Anatomy 3D quality assurance (QA) system (ScandiDos), which converts the measured detector dose into the dose distribution in the patient geometry was evaluated. It allows a direct comparison of the calculated 3D dose with the measured back-projected dose. In total, 16 static and 16 volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) fields were planned using four different energies. Isocenter dose was measured with a pinpoint chamber in homogeneous phantoms to investigate the dose prediction by the Delta(4DVH) Anatomy algorithm for static fields. Dose distributions of VMAT fields were measured using GAFCHROMIC film. Gravitational gantry errors up to 10° were introduced into all VMAT plans to study the potential of detecting errors. Additionally, 20 clinical treatment plans were verified. For static fields, the Delta(4DVH) Anatomy predicted the isocenter dose accurately, with a deviation to the measured phantom dose of 1.1% ± 0.6%. For VMAT fields the predicted Delta(4DVH) Anatomy dose in the isocenter plane corresponded to the measured dose in the phantom, with an average gamma agreement index (GAI) (3 mm/3%) of 96.9± 0.4%. The Delta(4DVH) Anatomy detected the induced systematic gantry error of 10° with a relative GAI (3 mm/3%) change of 5.8% ± 1.6%. The conventional Delta(4PT) QA system detected a GAI change of 4.2%± 2.0%. The conventional Delta(4PT) GAI (3 mm/3%) was 99.8% ± 0.4% for the clinical treatment plans. The mean body and PTV-GAI (3 mm/5%) for the Delta(4DVH) Anatomy were 96.4% ± 2.0% and 97.7%± 1.8%; however, this dropped to 90.8%± 3.4% and 87.1% ± 4.1% for passing criteria of 3 mm/3%. The anatomy-based patient specific quality assurance system predicts the dose distribution correctly for a homogeneous case. The limiting factor for the error detection is the large variability in the error-free plans. The dose calculation algorithm is inferior to that used in the TPS (Eclipse). PMID:24710453
Updated: 05/03/2012 Updated: 05/03/2012 Visual Standards for NCI Social/New Media Channels The NCI New Media Style Guide details the visual elements involved in the creation of social media sites, video/media, and applications for NCI. The elements
One or more of the NCCCPï¿½s four focus areas is shared by several NCI programs ï¿½ including the NCI Cancer Centers Program, Community Clinical Oncology Program, Community Network Program, and others. The NCCCP will incorporate best practices from other NCI community cancer programs in delivering services to these communities.
NCI is launching a new program to qualify existing NCI designated Cancer Centers with an added attribute -- as Centers of Quantitative Imaging Excellence. This program will significantly decrease potential variability in image procedures done while a patient is undergoing treatment as part of a NCI-sponsored clinical trial.
One or more of the NCCCP's four focus areas is shared by several NCI programs including the NCI Cancer Centers Program, Community Clinical Oncology Program, Community Network Program, and others. The NCCCP will incorporate best practices from other NCI community cancer programs in delivering services to these communities.
One or more of the NCCCPâ€™s four focus areas is shared by several NCI programs â€“ including the NCI Cancer Centers Program, Community Clinical Oncology Program, Community Network Program, and others. The NCCCP will incorporate best practices from other NCI community cancer programs in delivering services to these communities.
I am a Georgetown University student about to start my internship at NCI-F Screening Technology branch (under Dr. Sudhir Kondapaka) from May 15th. I need a car ride from DC, Bethesda or from any of stops towards Shady Grove to NCIF and back if possible. I do not have a vehicle but can pay for the ride. My internship is till end of August.
The Leidos Property Accountability Department has the primary responsibility for all matters relating to personal property management support for the NCI at Frederick Development Center. This program encompasses a wide range of functions such as accountability, inventory management, property disposal, surplus, and property sales, as well as acquiring accountable property from other institutes and agencies. Responsibility for inter-contractor and intra-contractor transfers, verification of loans of government-owned equipment, and reconciliation of accountability records also resides within this department.
To better serve the NCI scientific community, a Hazardous Materials Courier service has been established for users of the Frederick National Lab Advanced Technology Program (ATP). By utilizing the courier to transport potentially hazardous chemical, biological or radiological materials, RTP users are assured of compliance with federal transportation laws. Our couriers are certified in all aspects of hazardous shipping and meet all U.S. Department of Transportation and international requirements.
This article describes a study investigating what professionalism attitudes, if any, change during a gross anatomy course. Research methods, assessments used to evaluate professionalism and outcomes are discussed.
William G Pearson Jr. (Boston University Anatomy and Neurobiology)
An interventional cohort comparison study with pretesting and post-testing in semesters 1 and 2 was undertaken of 159 medical students in year 3 of the MMBS course at the University of Adelaide in 2010. The intervention comprised the provision of a number of additional online resources in semester 2. Students' views on online anatomy were also sought by a questionnaire delivered at the end of semesters 1 and 2 and via a small focus group at the end of the study. Anatomy assessment results after the introduction of online anatomy were compared with a total of three control semesters in 2009 and 2010. There was >90% broad agreement before the intervention that wet specimens, tutors and discussions with other students helped students learn anatomy. After the intervention, these views remained, but there was additionally >90% broad agreement that text books helped them learn anatomy, that they had good access to anatomical specimens, and there was less agreement that lectures helped. The intervention left students' views on online anatomy largely unchanged and made no significant difference to summative assessment scores. Focus group discussions revealed that students want anatomy tutors to help direct them to reputable and relevant sites. The provision of more online resources in anatomy did not affect student views or learning outcomes. While students may need help from tutors in selecting appropriate online resources, wet specimens, textbooks, and discussions with tutors and other students remain the preferred means of learning anatomy. PMID:23408730
Once assays are selected to receive services, a project management team will be formed. The team will include the assay submitter, relevant NCI staff, and appropriate contractor staff. The project management team will set milestones and timelines and conditions for continuation or termination of the project. A project management officer will ensure that the timelines and milestones are being met and recommend to the SAC continuation, modification of the plan or termination.
NCI-sponsored Cooperative Group, established to provide for a multi-center network for the systematic study and facilitation of the development and rigorous assessment of technologies relevant to diagnostic imaging of cancer.
Skip Navigation Home Resources by Category Resources by DOC Related Links Advanced Search The National Cancer Institute's Web Site - Cancer.gov The NCI's gateway Web site, Cancer.gov, provides access to: Cancer information, including the PDQ... Read
NCI Cancer Genetics Services Directory: Inclusion Criteria Licensed, board certified, or board eligible in their profession. A member of one of the following professional organizations or special interest groups: American College of Medical Genetics
NCI Community Cancer Centers Program (NCCCP) Pilot Program Summary January 2007 1 of 5 Cancer Care in the United States: • The pace of research in understanding cancer has accelerated in recent years, raising the need for more effective
The NCI's Early Detection Research Network (EDRN) awarded 32 new five-year grants to researchers across the country for the discovery and validation of biological markers that signal the earliest stages of cancer.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has announced major changes to be made in the long-established Clinical Trials Cooperative Group Program that conducts many of the nationwide trials of new cancer therapies.
NCI Legislative Update Clinical Trials Advisory Committee Susan Erickson Director, Office of Government and Congressional Relations March 4, 2009 Appropriations Information Legislation of Interest Outlook – 111 th Congress Follow Up – 110 th Congress Legislative
Skip Navigation Home Resources by Category Resources by DOC Related Links Advanced Search The National Cancer Institute's Web Site - Cancer.gov The NCI's gateway Web site, Cancer.gov, provides access to: Cancer information, including the PDQ database
El Centro para la Salud Mundial del NCI coordina actividades de investigación y trabaja con socios nacionales e internacionales para entender y enfrentar la carga que representa el cáncer a nivel mundial.
Skip Navigation Home Resources by Category Resources by DOC Related Links Advanced Search Integrative Cancer Biology Program (ICBP) Website NCI's extramural Integrative Cancer Biology Program (ICBP) focuses on the analysis of cancer as a complex biological
Thank you for your interest in cancer research funding. If you have any questions or comments about the NCI Funded Research Portfolio, please contact us. Should your message require a response, you may expect one within 5 business days.
Additionally, please refer to the following cancer-related topic issued by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The funding was provided by NIDDK while the receipt, review, and contracting was handled by NCI.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced today that it will spend $4.1 million to help 24 cancer research centers throughout the country purchase equipment needed to launch DNA microarray facilities.
The NCI Technology Transfer Center offers two tracks of technology transfer fellowships under the Cancer Research Training Award (CRTA) program. These fellowships provide scientists with training and mentored work experience in technology transfer.
NCI Legislative Update Clinical Trials Advisory Committee Susan Erickson Director, Office of Government and Congressional Relations December 8, 2008 Appropriations Status Legislation of Interest Outlook – 111 th Congress Legislative Activities HR 2462
Skip Navigation Home Resources by Category Resources by DOC Related Links Advanced Search Integrative Cancer Biology Program (ICBP) Website NCI's extramural Integrative Cancer Biology Program (ICBP) focuses on the analysis of cancer as a complex biological...
Posted: 06/23/2014 Posted: 06/23/2014 NCI Summer Curriculum in Cancer Prevention Program Quick Facts CGH partners with the Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program to offer short-term cancer prevention training to international scientists and healthcare
Skip Navigation Home Resources by Category Resources by DOC Related Links Advanced Search NCI Cancer Models Database A database of mouse, rat, and other animal models of human cancers submitted by cancer... Read More Cancer Mortality Maps & Graphs
Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Epidemiology and Genomics Research In NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences Menu Search EGRP Site: EGRP Home About the Program Mission & Vision Organizational
El Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI) participará en el 50° congreso anual de la Sociedad Americana de Oncología Clínica (ASCO) que tendrá lugar del 30 de mayo al 3 de junio de 2014 en Chicago, Illinois.
On Sept. 13, 1999, a report in the Wall Street Journal stated incorrectly that National Cancer Institute (NCI) scientists have "failed" to replicate Judah Folkman's original findings showing that the antiangiogenesis compound endostatin can dramatically shrink tumors in mice
The NCI Summer Student App, made possible through the leadership of Angela Jones, in the office of Jonathan Wiest, and working with Blue Pane Studios, is now available from the iTunes store and Android Market.
The NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer is in the initial stage of product development and could provide important new platforms for the development and delivery of novel molecules discovered by the CBC.
To help meet the goal of eliminating the suffering and death due to cancer, NCI is engaged in efforts to harness the power of nanotechnology to radically change the way we diagnose, treat, and prevent cancer.
Skip to Content Search this site DISCOVERY Overview Chemical Biology Consortium NExT Diversity Library Discovery Activities in DTP Discovery Activities in CCR Other NCI Programs Last Updated: 10/28/10 North Carolina Comprehensive
The observation that anatomical course offerings have decreased in undergraduate biology curricula is supported by a survey of undergraduate institutions in the state of Washington. This reduction, due partially to increased emphasis in other areas of the biology curriculum, along with the lack of anatomy prerequisites for admission to most…
Background The Zebrafish Anatomy Ontology (ZFA) is an OBO Foundry ontology that is used in conjunction with the Zebrafish Stage Ontology (ZFS) to describe the gross and cellular anatomy and development of the zebrafish, Danio rerio, from single cell zygote to adult. The zebrafish model organism database (ZFIN) uses the ZFA and ZFS to annotate phenotype and gene expression data from the primary literature and from contributed data sets. Results The ZFA models anatomy and development with a subclass hierarchy, a partonomy, and a developmental hierarchy and with relationships to the ZFS that define the stages during which each anatomical entity exists. The ZFA and ZFS are developed utilizing OBO Foundry principles to ensure orthogonality, accessibility, and interoperability. The ZFA has 2860 classes representing a diversity of anatomical structures from different anatomical systems and from different stages of development. Conclusions The ZFA describes zebrafish anatomy and development semantically for the purposes of annotating gene expression and anatomical phenotypes. The ontology and the data have been used by other resources to perform cross-species queries of gene expression and phenotype data, providing insights into genetic relationships, morphological evolution, and models of human disease.
An increasing number of instructors are seeking to provide students with online anatomy resources. Many researchers have attempted to identify associations between resource use and student learning but few studies discuss the importance of usability testing in resource design and modification. Usability testing provides information about ease of…
Doubleday, Eldridge G.; O'Loughlin, Valerie D.; Doubleday, Alison F.
Gestural motions of the hands and fingers are powerful tools for expressing meanings and concepts, and the nervous system has the capacity to retain multiple long-term motor memories, especially including movements of the hands. We developed many sets of successive movements of both hands, referred to as "digit anatomy," and made students practice…
Oh, Chang-Seok; Won, Hyung-Sun; Kim, Kyong-Jee; Jang, Dong-Su
The following project management processes are based on the PMI Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge Third Edition; however, the list is not all-inclusive. The following processes are suggested as a minimum requirement for all FNL projects.
The overarching mission of Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc.'s Project Management Office (PMO) is to create a "community" of project managers across the Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc. directorates to enhance communication and coordination between directorates, as well as between members of the senior management team and directorates, and to foster the application of sound project management principles.
There are promising new therapies that may prove to be effective in selected patients with brain tumors. Recently, accelerated approval was granted for bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), in recurrent or progressive glioblastoma (GBM). This approval was based on demonstration of durable responses with bevacizumab monotherapy in a phase 2 multicenter trial and our NCI intramural phase 2 trial NCI 06-C-0064.
Dr. Richard Klausner introduced the "Working Group concept," noting that the role of these "think tanks" is to identify an intellectually robust vision for new investment in particular areas of cancer (identified in the NCI Bypass Budget for fiscal years 1997-1998). It is expected that the Working Groups will make recommendations for actions that the NCI can take to advance research opportunities in these areas.
The NCI Chemical Biology Consortium (CBC) was recently established to facilitate the discovery and development of new agents to treat cancer. The Consortium brings together chemical biologists and molecular oncologists from government, industry, and academia to address unmet needs in therapeutic oncology. Through the CBC and the interactions among the various Participants, the NCI's drug discovery and development pipeline can be active from target identification through proof-of-concept clinical trials.
This article, which forms part of the life sciences series, examines the sensory systems of the body. Sensory organs may be categorised as general or special. Sensory systems enabling sight, hearing, smell and taste may be classified as special. Sensory systems enabling proprioception, touch, and thermal and pain perception may be classified as general. This article describes the anatomy and physiology of the sensory systems, examining structures associated with vision and hearing, equilibrium and sensation. Common disorders of vision and hearing are also considered, including glaucoma, cataract, age-related hearing impairment and conductive hearing impairment. PMID:23256300
Hendry, Charles; Farley, Alistair; McLafferty, Ella
The primary role of the esophagus is to propel swallowed food or fluid into the stomach and to prevent or clear gastroesophageal reflux. This function is achieved by an organized pattern that involves a sensory pathway, neural reflexes, and a motor response that includes esophageal tone, peristalsis, and shortening. The motor function of the esophagus is controlled by highly complex voluntary and involuntary mechanisms. There are three different functional areas in the esophagus: the upper esophageal sphincter, the esophageal body, and the LES. This article focused on anatomy and physiology of the esophageal body. PMID:21385283
Courses in anatomy have traditionally relied on lectures and cadaver dissection laboratories. In speech and hearing sciences, there tends to be less access to cadavers than in medical schools and other allied health professions. It is more typical to use anatomical models, diagrams and lecture slides. Regardless of the resources available, anatomy…
Healthcare providers in all areas and levels of education depend on their knowledge of anatomy for daily practice. As educators, we are challenged with teaching the anatomical sciences in creative, integrated ways and often within a condensed time frame. This article describes the organization of a clinical anatomy course with a peer taught…
The gross anatomy dissection course is a cost-intensive piece of undergraduate medical education that students and professionals alike describe as very important within the overall medical curriculum. We sought to understand more explicitly students' valuation of gross anatomy as an "important" course and so developed a quantitative longitudinal…
Bockers, Anja; Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Lamp, Christoph; Brinkmann, Anke; Traue, Harald C.; Bockers, Tobias M.
Anatomy is one of the cornerstones of medical education. Unfortunately, sufficient evidence has accumulated to suggest a worldwide decline in the resources and time allocated to its teaching. Integration of anatomy with clinical medicine has been frequently advocated as the solution to this academic crisis. Consequently, new ways of harnessing…
Gogalniceanu, Petrut; Madani, Hardi; Paraskeva, Paraskevas A.; Darzi, Ara
The evolution in undergraduate medical school curricula has significantly impacted anatomy education. This study investigated the perceived role of clinical anatomy and evaluated perceptions of medical students' ability to apply anatomical knowledge in the clinic. The aim of this study was to develop a framework to enhance anatomical educational…
Lazarus, Michelle D.; Chinchilli, Vernon M.; Leong, Shou Ling; Kauffman, Gordon L., Jr.
Anatomy teaching is undergoing significant changes due to time constraints, limited availability of cadavers and technological developments in the areas of three-dimensional modelling and computer-assisted learning. This paper gives an overview of methods used to teach anatomy to undergraduate medical students and discusses the educational…
A broad overview is provided of the normal anatomy of the male genitalia to offer the best surgical outcomes in cases related to congenital abnormalities, trauma, cancer-related extirpation, and aesthetics. Neural and vascular anatomy is discussed in depth due to its critical role in maintaining function and in assuring tissue viability.
Dwyer, Moira E.; Salgado, Christopher J.; Lightner, Deborah J.
The use of online social networks in medical education can remodel and enhance anatomy teaching and learning; one such network is the video-sharing site YouTube. Limited research in the literature exists on the use of YouTube as a platform for anatomy education. The aim of this study is to assess student's perceptions and patterns of usage of this…
Radiological imaging is gaining relevance in the acquisition of competencies in clinical anatomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions of medical students on teaching/learning of imaging anatomy as an integrated part of anatomical education. A questionnaire was designed to evaluate the perceptions of second-year students…
Machado, Jorge Americo Dinis; Barbosa, Joselina Maria Pinto; Ferreira, Maria Amelia Duarte
Visualization of human anatomy in a 3D atlas requires both spatial and more abstract symbolic knowledge. Within our 'intelligent volume' model which integrates these two levels, we developed and implemented a semantic network model for describing human anatomy. Concepts for structuring (abstraction levels, domains, views, generic and case-specific modeling, inheritance) are introduced. Model, tools for generation and exploration and applications
Andreas Pommert; Rainer Schubert; Martin Riemer; Thomas Schiemann; Ulf Tiede; Karl H. Hoehne
During the process of studying the specific course content of human anatomy, students are being educated to expand their vocabulary, deal successfully with complex tasks, and use a specific way of thinking. This is the first volume in a set of notes which are designed to accompany a lecture series in human anatomy. This volume includes discussions…
Peer assessment has been shown to be an effective tool to promote professionalism in medical students. Peer assessment may be particularly useful in anatomy dissection laboratory as the required close collaboration and long hours of anatomy laboratory provide students insights into their peers' work habits and interpersonal skills. The…
The anatomy curriculum at Namibia's first, and currently only, medical school is clinically oriented, outcome-based, and includes all of the components of modern anatomical sciences i.e., histology, embryology, neuroanatomy, gross, and clinical anatomy. The design of the facilities and the equipment incorporated into these facilities were directed…
Wessels, Quenton; Vorster, Willie; Jacobson, Christian
Computational anatomy is an emerging discipline that aims at analyzing and modeling the individual anatomy of organs and their biological variabil- ity across a population. However, understanding and modeling the shape of organs is made dicult by the absence of physical models for compar- ing dierent subjects, the complexity of shapes, and the high number of degrees of freedom implied.
Anatomy education is undergoing significant transformation. It is unknown whether changes are in accordance with occupational therapy (OT) practice needs. The purpose of this pilot study was to survey OT clinicians to determine their perspectives on the value of anatomy in OT curricula, and anatomical knowledge required for practice. In addition…
Modern archosaurs have extensive pneumatic diverticula originating from paranasal and tympanic sinuses. This complex anatomy is present in many fossil archosaurs, but few descriptions of the complete cranial pneumatic system exist. The cranial pneumatic morphology of birds and non-avian theropods are the best studied, but complete description of this anatomy for an ornithomimid was lacking. We describe the cranial pneumaticity
The morphologic anatomy of the liver is described as 2 main and 2 accessory lobes. The more recent functional anatomy of the liver is based on the distribution of the portal pedicles and the location of the hepatic veins. The liver is divided into 4 sectors, some of them composed of 2 segments. In all, there are 8 segments. According
By design or default, anatomy educators are often responsible for introducing students to medical professionalism. Although much has been said about the role of anatomical education, there are no published reports suggesting how to measure change. This study investigated what professionalism attitudes, if any, change during a gross anatomy course.…
The identifying or sensitive anatomical features in MR and CT images used in research raise patient privacy concerns when such data are shared. In order to protect human subject privacy, we developed a method of anatomical surface modification and investigated the effects of such modification on image statistics and common neuroimaging processing tools. Common approaches to obscuring facial features typically remove large portions of the voxels. The approach described here focuses on blurring the anatomical surface instead, to avoid impinging on areas of interest and hard edges that can confuse processing tools. The algorithm proceeds by extracting a thin boundary layer containing surface anatomy from a region of interest. This layer is then “stretched” and “flattened” to fit into a thin “box” volume. After smoothing along a plane roughly parallel to anatomy surface, this volume is transformed back onto the boundary layer of the original data. The above method, named normalized anterior filtering, was coded in MATLAB and applied on a number of high resolution MR and CT scans. To test its effect on automated tools, we compared the output of selected common skull stripping and MR gain field correction methods used on unmodified and obscured data. With this paper, we hope to improve the understanding of the effect of surface deformation approaches on the quality of de-identified data and to provide a useful de-identification tool for MR and CT acquisitions.
The identifying or sensitive anatomical features in MR and CT images used in research raise patient privacy concerns when such data are shared. In order to protect human subject privacy, we developed a method of anatomical surface modification and investigated the effects of such modification on image statistics and common neuroimaging processing tools. Common approaches to obscuring facial features typically remove large portions of the voxels. The approach described here focuses on blurring the anatomical surface instead, to avoid impinging on areas of interest and hard edges that can confuse processing tools. The algorithm proceeds by extracting a thin boundary layer containing surface anatomy from a region of interest. This layer is then "stretched" and "flattened" to fit into a thin "box" volume. After smoothing along a plane roughly parallel to anatomy surface, this volume is transformed back onto the boundary layer of the original data. The above method, named normalized anterior filtering, was coded in MATLAB and applied on a number of high resolution MR and CT scans. To test its effect on automated tools, we compared the output of selected common skull stripping and MR gain field correction methods used on unmodified and obscured data. With this paper, we hope to improve the understanding of the effect of surface deformation approaches on the quality of de-identified data and to provide a useful de-identification tool for MR and CT acquisitions. PMID:22968671
The instructor sometimes has a complex task in explaining the concepts of functional anatomy and embryology to health professional students. However, animations can easily illustrate functional anatomy, clinical procedures, or the developing embryo. Web animation increases the accessibility of this information and makes it much more useful for independent student learning. A modified version of the animation can also be used for patient education. This article defines animation, provides a brief history of animation, discusses the principles of animation, illustrates and evaluates some of the video-editing or movie-making computer software programs, and shows examples of two of the author's animations. These two animations are the inferior alveolar nerve block from the mandibular nerve anesthetics unit and normal temporomandibular joint (TMJ) function from the muscles of the mastication and the TMJ function unit. The software discussed are the industry leaders and have made the job of producing computer-based animations much easier. The programs are Adobe Premiere, Adobe After Effects, Apple QuickTime and Macromedia Flash . PMID:10815810
Fruit biomechanics is needed for quality determination, multiscale modelling and engineering design of fruit processes and equipments. However, these determined fruit biomechanics data often have obvious differences for the same fruit or tissue. In order to investigate it, the fruit biomechanics based on anatomy was reviewed in this paper. First, the anatomical characteristics of fruit biomaterials were described at the macroscopic `tissue' level and microscopic `cellular' level. Subsequently, the factors affecting fruit biomechanics based on anatomy and the relationships between fruit biomechanics, texture and mechanical damage were summarised according to the published literature. Fruit biomechanics is mainly affected by size, number and arrangement of cells, quantity and volume of intracellular spaces, structure, thickness, chemical composition and permeability of cell walls, and pectin degradation level and turgor pressure within cells based on microanatomy. Four test methods and partial determined results of fruit biomechanics were listed and reviewed. The determined mechanical properties data of fruit are only approximate values by using the existing four test methods, owing to the fruit biomaterials being non-homogeneous and living. Lastly, further aspects for research on fruit biomechanics were proposed for the future.
As a foundational course in medical education, gross anatomy serves to orient medical and veterinary students to the complex three-dimensional nature of the structures within the body. Understanding such spatial relationships is both fundamental and crucial for achievement in gross anatomy courses, and is essential for success as a practicing professional. Many things contribute to learning spatial relationships; this project focuses on a few key elements: (1) the type of multimedia resources, particularly computer-aided instructional (CAI) resources, medical students used to study and learn; (2) the influence of spatial ability on medical and veterinary students' gross anatomy grades and their mental models; and (3) how medical and veterinary students think about anatomy and describe the features of their mental models to represent what they know about anatomical structures. The use of computer-aided instruction (CAI) by gross anatomy students at Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM) was assessed through a questionnaire distributed to the regional centers of the IUSM. Students reported using internet browsing, PowerPoint presentation software, and email on a daily bases to study gross anatomy. This study reveals that first-year medical students at the IUSM make limited use of CAI to study gross anatomy. Such studies emphasize the importance of examining students' use of CAI to study gross anatomy prior to development and integration of electronic media into the curriculum and they may be important in future decisions regarding the development of alternative learning resources. In order to determine how students think about anatomical relationships and describe the features of their mental models, personal interviews were conducted with select students based on students' ROT scores. Five typologies of the characteristics of students' mental models were identified and described: spatial thinking, kinesthetic approach, identification of anatomical structures, problem solving strategies, and study methods. Students with different levels of spatial ability visualize and think about anatomy in qualitatively different ways, which is reflected by the features of their mental models. Low spatial ability students thought about and used two-dimensional images from the textbook. They possessed basic two-dimensional models of anatomical structures; they placed emphasis on diagrams and drawings in their studies; and they re-read anatomical problems many times before answering. High spatial ability students thought fully in three-dimensional and imagined rotation and movement of the structures; they made use of many types of images and text as they studied and solved problems. They possessed elaborate three-dimensional models of anatomical structures which they were able to manipulate to solve problems; and they integrated diagrams, drawings, and written text in their studies. Middle spatial ability students were a mix between both low and high spatial ability students. They imagined two-dimensional images popping out of the flat paper to become more three-dimensional, but still relied on drawings and diagrams. Additionally, high spatial ability students used a higher proportion of anatomical terminology than low spatial ability or middle spatial ability students. This provides additional support to the premise that high spatial students' mental models are a complex mixture of imagistic representations and propositional representations that incorporate correct anatomical terminology. Low spatial ability students focused on the function of structures and ways to group information primarily for the purpose of recall. This supports the theory that low spatial students' mental models will be characterized by more on imagistic representations that are general in nature. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
The use of cadavers to teach anatomy is well established, but limitations with this approach have led to the introduction of alternative teaching methods. One such method is the use of three-dimensional virtual reality computer models. An interactive, three-dimensional computer model of human forearm anterior compartment musculoskeletal anatomy…
This article describes a study conducted in an undergraduate population in India investigating the effects of two different anatomy curricula (18 months vs 12 months). Outcomes discussed include the impact of the adequacy of the amount of coverage, understanding of the need for clinically relevant oriented anatomy, and the importance of dissection.
This article describes a survey assessing the long term effect of a reduced anatomy curriculum on alumni residents. The University of Michigan Medical program reduced it's anatomy curriculum and wanted to assess this impact on different medical tracts of their alumni who were apart of the original and modified curriculum. Methods and outcome are discussed.
This document, which is the first part in a two-part set of modules on anatomy and physiology for future surgical technicians, contains the teacher and student editions of an introduction to anatomy and physiology that consists of modules on the following topics: (1) organization of the human body; (2) biochemistry and microbiology; (3) infection,…
The Integrative Themes in Physiology (ITIP) project was a National Science Foundation-funded collaboration between the American Physiological Society (APS) and the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS). The project goal was to create instructional resources that emphasized active learning in undergraduate anatomy and physiology classrooms.…
Silverthorn, Dee U.; Thorn, Patti M.; Svinicki, Marilla D.
In a paper recently published by the journal Nature Methods, Investigators from the National Cancer Institute’s Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (NCI-CPTAC) announced the launch of a proteomics Assay Portal for multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (MRM-MS) assays. This community web-based repository for well-characterized quantitative proteomic assays currently consists of 456 unique peptide assays to 282 unique proteins and serves as a public resource of methodologies and data related to cancer associated targets.
Anatomy education often consists of a combination of lectures and laboratory sessions, the latter frequently including surface anatomy. Studying surface anatomy enables students to elaborate on their knowledge of the cadaver's static anatomy by enabling the visualization of structures, especially those of the musculoskeletal system, move and…
Bergman, Esther M.; Sieben, Judith M.; Smailbegovic, Ida; de Bruin, Anique B. H.; Scherpbier, Albert J. J. A.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.
A concern on the level of anatomy knowledge reached after a problem-based learning curriculum has been documented in the literature. Spatial anatomy, arguably the highest level in anatomy knowledge, has been related to spatial abilities. Our first objective was to test the hypothesis that residents are interested in a course of applied anatomy…
Due to its transparency, virtually every brain structure of the larval zebrafish is accessible to light-based interrogation of circuit function. Advanced stimulation techniques allow the activation of optogenetic actuators at different resolution levels, and genetically encoded calcium indicators report the activity of a large proportion of neurons in the CNS. Large datasets result and need to be analyzed to identify cells that have specific properties-e.g., activity correlation to sensory stimulation or behavior. Advances in three-dimensional (3D) functional mapping in zebrafish are promising; however, the mere coordinates of implicated neurons are not sufficient. To comprehensively understand circuit function, these functional maps need to be placed into the proper context of morphological features and projection patterns, neurotransmitter phenotypes, and key anatomical landmarks. We discuss the prospect of merging functional and anatomical data in an integrated atlas from the perspective of our work on long-range dopaminergic neuromodulation and the oculomotor system. We propose that such a resource would help researchers to surpass current hurdles in circuit analysis to achieve an integrated understanding of anatomy and function. PMID:23630469
There are a manifold number of variations and anomalies of the origin and course of coronary arteries described in the literature. The incidence of such variations in the general population is reported to range between 0.3 and 1.6 %. Although uncommon, they may be benign or produce symptoms ranging from mild dyspnea to sudden cardiac death, and have been associated with an increased risk of accelerated atherosclerosis and perfusion defects. Thus, in order to effectively utilize the increasing number of therapeutic options available for treating coronary artery diseases, an appreciation of the likely normal and variable arrangements of the coronary arteries is essential. This review will describe the normal anatomy of the coronary arteries as well as the common variations with potential clinical effects. PMID:23423864
Abraham Colles is known among the medical community for his detailed description of Colles' fracture, one of the most common occurring skeletal injuries. It is remarkable that something as seemingly simple as the diagnosis of Colles' fracture had not been established until nearly 200 years ago. While that may have been his most well known accomplishment, Colles made several other contributions to medicine across multiple fields of practice. In the field of anatomy, he is also credited for his discovery and description of Colles' fascia and Colles' ligament. Less commonly known, however, are his clinical observations and offered treatment regimens for syphilis, as well as his achievement in performing the first surgery for axillary artery aneurysm. The current paper will review the life and contributions of this early surgeon and anatomist. PMID:23959912
Shayota, Brian J; Oelhafen, Kim; Shoja, Mohammadali; Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas, Marios
The rapid development of interventional procedures for the treatment of arrhythmias in humans, especially the use of catheter ablation techniques, has renewed interest in cardiac anatomy. Although the substrates of atrial fibrillation (AF), its initiation and maintenance, remain to be fully elucidated, catheter ablation in the left atrium (LA) has become a common therapeutic option for patients with this arrhythmia. Using ablation catheters, various isolation lines and focal targets are created, the majority of which are based on gross anatomical, electroanatomical, and myoarchitectual patterns of the left atrial wall. Our aim was therefore to review the gross morphological and architectural features of the LA and their relations to extracardiac structures. The latter have also become relevant because extracardiac complications of AF ablation can occur, due to injuries to the phrenic and vagal plexus nerves, adjacent coronary arteries, or the esophageal wall causing devastating consequences.
Sanchez-Quintana, Damian; Cabrera, Jose Angel; Saremi, Farhood
The scapulothoracic articulation is a sliding junction between the deep aspect of the scapula and thoracic rib cage at the levels of ribs 2 through 7. Motion at this articulation is dynamically stabilized by a variety of muscular attachments, allowing for controlled positioning of the glenoid to assist in glenohumeral joint function. A thorough understanding of the complex anatomic relationships, including the various muscles, and bursa, is critical to the evaluation of patients presenting with scapulothoracic disorders. The snapping scapula syndrome is caused by either osseous lesions or scapulothoracic bursitis and can be difficult to recognize and treat. The purpose of this review is to discuss the anatomy of the scapulothoracic articulation with an emphasis on the pathology associated with snapping scapula syndrome.
Frank, Rachel M.; Ramirez, Jose; Chalmers, Peter N.; McCormick, Frank M.; Romeo, Anthony A.
This is a case study for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with the nervous system. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.
James Hewlett (Finger Lakes Community College Science and Technology)
This article describes a prospective study examining the effect of an elective applied anatomy course for medical residents on spatial anatomy abilities. The primary focus of the article is the level of interest residents have in a spatial anatomy course after completing a problem based learning curriculum. Outcomes discussed are the residents determination for additional anatomy instruction upon conclusion of a PBL course and reasons for general interest in selecting a spatial anatomy course.
Jean Langlois (Centre hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke Emergency Medicine); George Wells (University of Ottawa Cardiovascular Research Methods Center and Dept. of Epidemiology and Community Medicine); Marc Lecourtois (Centre hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke Neuropsychology); Germain Bergeron (Centre hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke Neuropyschology); Elizabeth Yetisir (Unversity of Ottawa Heart Institute Cardiovascular Research Methods Center); Marcel Martin (University of Sherbrooke Surgery)
NCS manages the IT infrastructure for the NCI enterprise. This includes the hardware, hardware-maintenance contracts, software, network, labor, structures, and IT policies required to support the scientific and administrative activities of the Institute.
The corresponding author of the study has been sketching comic strips to explain anatomy in a humorous manner. All the anatomy comic strips, including those in Korean (650 episodes) and English (451 episodes), can be viewed on the homepage (http://anatomy.co.kr). Such comic strips were created with the aim of assisting medical students. However, their impact was unknown, and therefore, we surveyed the students' responses. We noted that anatomy grades were better in the students who read the comic strips. The comics helped the trainees chat with individuals with and without a medical background. The authors also considered comments on the problems with the comic strips and attempted to find solutions. The episodes are being currently used and further produced for educational purposes. To support this effort, the readers' valuable opinions will be continuously collected and assessed.
Shin, Dong Sun; Kim, Dae Hyun; Park, Jin Seo; Jang, Hae Gwon
This article describes a method to promote inquiry based learning in the anatomy curriculum. The article describes a method requiring students to build casts of the bronchial tree and coronary arteries while faculty asked leading questions related to the material.
Heidi L. Lujan (Wayne State Univ Sch Med Dept of Physiology); Stephen E DiCarlo (Northeastern Ohio University College of Medicine Department of Physiology)
Presents the comprehensive partonomy of anatomy in Unami Lenape or Delaware as provided by a modern Unami specialist. The primary referent is the human body, but some comparative terms referring to animals and plants are also provided. (CHK)
This article describes the effect and student perception of showing dissection videos on first-year medical students' performance in terms of test scores during a gross anatomy course. The article describes the methods and outcomes.
Waqas Mahmud (Rawalpindi Medical College Anatomy); Omar Hyder (Rawalpindi Medical College Obstetrics and Gynecology); Jamaal Butt (Rawalpindi Medical College Anatomy); Arsalan Aftab (Rawalpindi Medical College Anatomy)
The NCI has formed a multilateral partnership with Ireland and Northern Ireland to promote cooperation in all aspects of cancer research, treatment, and prevention. As part of this Ireland—Northern Ireland—NCI Cancer Consortium, the CPFP is open to applicants from Ireland and Northern Ireland. It is intended that individuals applying through the Consortium will pursue careers in cancer prevention in Ireland or Northern Ireland upon completion of the fellowship.
Gender differences in glenoid anatomy have not been well studied in the current literature. Previous literature demonstrates\\u000a a mismatch between glenoid anatomy and glenoid implants for shoulder replacements. This may have clinical implications in\\u000a that glenoid loosening after shoulder arthroplasty has been cited as a frequent cause of poor performance of shoulder implants,\\u000a and perhaps the most common indication for
The rich knowledge of morphological variation among organisms reported in the systematic literature has remained in free-text format, impractical for use in large-scale synthetic phylogenetic work. This noncomputable format has also precluded linkage to the large knowledgebase of genomic, genetic, developmental, and phenotype data in model organism databases. We have undertaken an effort to prototype a curated, ontology-based evolutionary morphology database that maps to these genetic databases (http://kb.phenoscape.org) to facilitate investigation into the mechanistic basis and evolution of phenotypic diversity. Among the first requirements in establishing this database was the development of a multispecies anatomy ontology with the goal of capturing anatomical data in a systematic and computable manner. An ontology is a formal representation of a set of concepts with defined relationships between those concepts. Multispecies anatomy ontologies in particular are an efficient way to represent the diversity of morphological structures in a clade of organisms, but they present challenges in their development relative to single-species anatomy ontologies. Here, we describe the Teleost Anatomy Ontology (TAO), a multispecies anatomy ontology for teleost fishes derived from the Zebrafish Anatomical Ontology (ZFA) for the purpose of annotating varying morphological features across species. To facilitate interoperability with other anatomy ontologies, TAO uses the Common Anatomy Reference Ontology as a template for its upper level nodes, and TAO and ZFA are synchronized, with zebrafish terms specified as subtypes of teleost terms. We found that the details of ontology architecture have ramifications for querying, and we present general challenges in developing a multispecies anatomy ontology, including refinement of definitions, taxon-specific relationships among terms, and representation of taxonomically variable developmental pathways.
Dahdul, Wasila M.; Lundberg, John G.; Midford, Peter E.; Balhoff, James P.; Lapp, Hilmar; Vision, Todd J.; Haendel, Melissa A.; Westerfield, Monte; Mabee, Paula M.