Sample records for ancillary services review

  1. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles; Kintner-Meyer, Michael

    2007-05-01

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in all wholesale electricity markets.

  2. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of InternationalExperience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    SciTech Connect

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-05-01

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for andexperiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in fiveelectricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordicmarket, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objectivein undertaking this review of international experience was to identifyspecific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads toeffectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hopethat this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S.and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments areneeded to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in allwholesale electricity markets.

  3. Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services

    E-print Network

    affecting DR Participation ­ Resource Size ­ M&V · Concluding Remarks 2 #12;Ancillary Services in US ISO/RTOs · ISO/RTOs are balancing authorities that run open wholesale markets for both energy and Ancillary for one hour #12;Ancillary Services in US ISO/RTOs · ISO/RTOs are balancing authorities that run open

  4. Demand Response for Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect

    Alkadi, Nasr E [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    Many demand response resources are technically capable of providing ancillary services. In some cases, they can provide superior response to generators, as the curtailment of load is typically much faster than ramping thermal and hydropower plants. Analysis and quantification of demand response resources providing ancillary services is necessary to understand the resources economic value and impact on the power system. Methodologies used to study grid integration of variable generation can be adapted to the study of demand response. In the present work, we describe and illustrate a methodology to construct detailed temporal and spatial representations of the demand response resource and to examine how to incorporate those resources into power system models. In addition, the paper outlines ways to evaluate barriers to implementation. We demonstrate how the combination of these three analyses can be used to translate the technical potential for demand response providing ancillary services into a realizable potential.

  5. Value evaluation of ancillary service offered by energy storage systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hajime Miyauchi; Daisuke Tashiro

    2009-01-01

    Under the deregulation of the electric power industry, the provision of ancillary service takes on an important role. Energy storage systems can provide ancillary service in addition to generators. However, as energy storage systems are still quite expensive, it would be helpful to estimate the potential revenue from the ancillary service. The value of ancillary service related to active power,

  6. Design of Ancillary Service Markets1 Shmuel S. Oren,

    E-print Network

    Design of Ancillary Service Markets1 Shmuel S. Oren, University of California at Berkeley Berkeley the design of bid selection protocols and settlement rules in ancillary service markets. Such markets of such protocols. 1. Introduction A common aspect shared by the various designs of restructured electricity markets

  7. Ancillary-service details: Dynamic scheduling

    SciTech Connect

    Hirst, E.; Kirby, B.

    1997-01-01

    Dynamic scheduling (DS) is the electronic transfer from one control area to another of the time-varying electricity consumption associated with a load or the time-varying electricity production associated with a generator. Although electric utilities have been using this technique for at least two decades, its use is growing in popularity and importance. This growth is a consequence of the major changes under way in US bulk-power markets, in particular efforts to unbundle generation from transmission and to increase competition among generation providers. DS can promote competition and increase choices. It allows consumers to purchase certain services from entities outside their physical-host area and it allows generators to sell certain services to entities other than their physical host. These services include regulation (following minute-to-minute variations in load) and operating reserves, among others. Such an increase in the number of possible suppliers and customers should encourage innovation and reduce the costs and prices of providing electricity services. The purpose of the project reported here was to collect and analyze data on utility experiences with DS. Chapter 2 provides additional details and examples of the definitions of DS. Chapter 3 explains why DS might be an attractive service that customers and generators, as well as transmission providers, might wan to use. Chapter 4 presents some of the many current DS examples the authors uncovered in their interviews. Chapter 5 discusses the costs and cost-effectiveness of DS. Chapter 6 explains what they believe can and cannot be electronically moved from one control area to another, primarily in terms of the six ancillary services that FERC defined in Order 888. Chapter 7 discusses the need for additional research on DS.

  8. Ancillary-service costs for 12 US electric utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

    1996-03-01

    Ancillary services are those functions performed by electrical generating, transmission, system-control, and distribution-system equipment and people to support the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission defined ancillary services as ``those services necessary to support the transmission of electric power from seller to purchaser given the obligations of control areas and transmitting utilities within those control areas to maintain reliable operations of the interconnected transmission system.`` FERC divided these services into three categories: ``actions taken to effect the transaction (such as scheduling and dispatching services) , services that are necessary to maintain the integrity of the transmission system [and] services needed to correct for the effects associated with undertaking a transaction.`` In March 1995, FERC published a proposed rule to ensure open and comparable access to transmission networks throughout the country. The rule defined six ancillary services and developed pro forma tariffs for these services: scheduling and dispatch, load following, system protection, energy imbalance, loss compensation, and reactive power/voltage control.

  9. DR Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services in the West

    E-print Network

    DR Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services in the West EUCI: Western Energy Imbalance Market or decrease) with increased penetration of variable renewable generation like wind and solar power can be shed/shifted in typical DR Strategies ("sheddable" load) Portion of sheddable load willing

  10. Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources for Provision of Ancillary Services: Architectures and Algorithms

    E-print Network

    Liberzon, Daniel

    the resource in the ancillary services market. In the context above, a household with a solar PV rooftop, these aggregating entities are the ones that interact with the ancillary services market, and through some market

  11. Efficient bidding for hydro power plants in markets for energy and ancillary services

    E-print Network

    Perekhodtsev, Dmitri

    2006-01-01

    In order to preserve stability of electricity supply generators must provide ancillary services in addition to energy production. Hydroelectric resources have significant ancillary service capability because of their dynamic ...

  12. 16 CFR 1.62 - Ancillary court orders pending review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    Where petition for review of an order to cease and desist has been filed in a U.S. court of appeals, the Commission may apply to the court for issuance of such writs as are ancillary to its jurisdiction or are necessary in its judgment to prevent injury to the public or to competitors pendente...

  13. Demand Response Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Hummon, M.

    2014-04-01

    Demand response (DR) resources present a potentially important source of grid flexibility particularly on future systems with high penetrations of variable wind an solar power generation. However, DR in grid models is limited by data availability and modeling complexity. This presentation focuses on the co-optimization of DR resources to provide energy and ancillary services in a production cost model of the Colorado test system. We assume each DR resource can provide energy services by either shedding load or shifting its use between different times, as well as operating

  14. Effective Ancillary Services Market Designs on High Wind Power Penetration Systems: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Navid, N.; Smith, J. C.

    2011-12-01

    This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power. Ancillary services markets have been developed in many of the restructured power system regions throughout the world. Ancillary services include the services that support the provision of energy to support power system reliability. The ancillary services markets are tied tightly to the design of the energy market and to the physics of the system and therefore careful consideration of power system economics and engineering must be considered in their design. This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power.

  15. Analysis of wind power ancillary services characteristics with German 250-MW wind data

    SciTech Connect

    Ernst, B.

    1999-12-09

    With the increasing availability of wind power worldwide, power fluctuations have become a concern for some utilities. Under electric industry restructuring in the US, the impact of these fluctuations will be evaluated by examining provisions and costs of ancillary services for wind power. This paper analyzes wind power in the context of ancillary services, using data from a German 250 Megawatt Wind project.

  16. The Participation in Ancillary Services by High Capacity Wind Power Plants: Reserve Power

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristof De Vos; Paula Souto Perez; Johan Driesen

    The Transmission System Operator (TSO) is responsible for a stable and secure exploitation of the electricity grid in its control zone. This is mainly achieved by contracting power generators delivering ancillary services in addition to their main commercial product, active power. Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources (RES-e) is today generally exempted from the participation in ancillary services. However, the increasing

  17. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    SciTech Connect

    MacDonald, Jason; Kiliccote, Sila; Boch, Jim; Chen, Jonathan; Nawy, Robert

    2014-06-27

    The adoption of low carbon energy technologies such as variable renewable energy and electric vehicles, coupled with the efficacy of energy efficiency to reduce traditional base load has increased the uncertainty inherent in the net load shape. Handling this variability with slower, traditional resources leads to inefficient system dispatch, and in some cases may compromise reliability. Grid operators are looking to future energy technologies, such as automated demand response (DR), to provide capacity-based reliability services as the need for these services increase. While DR resources are expected to have the flexibility characteristics operators are looking for, demonstrations are necessary to build confidence in their capabilities. Additionally, building owners are uncertain of the monetary value and operational burden of providing these services. To address this, the present study demonstrates the ability of demand response resources providing two ancillary services in the PJM territory, synchronous reserve and regulation, using an OpenADR 2.0b signaling architecture. The loads under control include HVAC and lighting at a big box retail store and variable frequency fan loads. The study examines performance characteristics of the resource: the speed of response, communications latencies in the architecture, and accuracy of response. It also examines the frequency and duration of events and the value in the marketplace which can be used to examine if the opportunity is sufficient to entice building owners to participate.

  18. Optimal Dispatch of Ancillary Services Via Self-Organizing Migration Algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Novák, Jakub; Chalupa, Petr; Bobál, Vladimír

    2011-11-01

    Modern electric power systems are large-scale systems with a complex structure comprised of interconnected networks. The balance between the generation and consumption of electricity has to be maintained at any moment. Transmission System Operator (TSO) uses ancillary services for keeping the domestic power balance. Selection of the services can be viewed as an optimization problem. In this contribution the optimization problem is solved via the Self-Organizing Migration Algorithm which belongs to the class of evolutionary algorithms. The comparison with historical activations of ancillary services showed the improved performance in terms of reduced cost for ancillary services.

  19. ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW M. Ghosh, N. Reid and D.A.S. Fraser

    E-print Network

    Reid, Nancy

    1 ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW M. Ghosh, N. Reid and D.A.S. Fraser University of Florida that no information about the parameter is lost in this reduction. This review article illustrates various aspects in the literature. Key words and phrases: ancillarity paradox, approximate ancillary, estimating func- tions

  20. MIDWEST ISO CO-OPTIMIZATION BASED REAL-TIME DISPATCH AND PRICING OF ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICES

    E-print Network

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    MIDWEST ISO CO-OPTIMIZATION BASED REAL-TIME DISPATCH AND PRICING OF ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICES-time dispatch and pricing. The RT SCED formulation at the core of the real-time dispatch and pricing market words ­ Real-time dispatch and pricing, LMP, Energy and ancillary service co-optimization, Intra

  1. Energy and ancillary service dispatch for the interim ISO New England electricity market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kwok W. Cheung; Payman Shamsollahi; David Sun; James Milligan; Mike Potishnak

    2000-01-01

    Since the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) order no. 888 has mandated the establishment of unbundled electricity markets in the newly deregulated environment, competitive bidding of ancillary services, along with bidding of energy, becomes increasingly important. In this paper, an optimization-based framework for solving a multi-commodity electricity market dispatch problem is presented. In compliance with New England Power Pool (NEPOOL)

  2. The future impact of wind on BPA power system ancillary services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuri V. Makarov; Shuai Lu; Bart McManus; John Pease

    2008-01-01

    Wind power is growing in a very fast pace as an alternative generating resource. As the ratio of wind power over total system capacity increases, the impact of wind on various system aspects becomes significant. This paper presents a methodology to study the future impact of wind on BPA power system ancillary services including load following and regulation. Existing approaches

  3. San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services

    E-print Network

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    . EL00-95-000 July 6, 2007 The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission today approved an $18 millionFact Sheet San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Docket No uncontested settlement that resolves matters and claims related to BP Energy Company (BP) and California

  4. Coordinated fuzzy constrained optimal power dispatch for bilateral contract, balancing electricity, and ancillary services markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Weerakorn Ongsakul; Keerati Chayakulkheeree

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes a coordinated fuzzy constrained optimal power dispatch (CFCOPD) algorithm for bilateral contract, balancing electricity, and ancillary services markets. The CFCOPD problem is decomposed into social welfare fuzzy maximization subproblem, which is solved by mixed-integer fuzzy linear programming (MIFLP), and combined reactive power cost and cost of real power loss fuzzy minimization subproblem, which is solved by fuzzy

  5. Statistica Sinica 20 (2010), 1309-1332 ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW

    E-print Network

    Reid, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    Statistica Sinica 20 (2010), 1309-1332 ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW M. Ghosh1, N. Reid2 and D. A. The present review article is an attempt to illustrate various aspects of the use of ancillarity have made a modest attempt to crystalize many of the basic ideas in the literature. Key words

  6. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  7. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  8. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  9. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  10. Impact of prenatal care provider on the use of ancillary health services during pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Recent declines in the provision of prenatal care by family physicians and the integration of midwives into the Canadian health care system have led to a shift in the pattern of prenatal care provision; however it is unknown if this also impacts use of other health services during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess the impact of the type of prenatal care provider on the self-reported use of ancillary services during pregnancy. Methods Data for this study was obtained from the All Our Babies study, a community-based prospective cohort study of women’s experiences during pregnancy and the post-partum period. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to assess the association between type of prenatal care provider and use of ancillary health services in pregnancy. Results During pregnancy, 85.8% of women reported accessing ancillary health services. Compared to women who received prenatal care from a family physician, women who saw a midwife were less likely to call a nurse telephone advice line (OR?=?0.30, 95% CI: 0.18-0.50) and visit the emergency department (OR?=?0.47, 95% CI: 0.24-0.89), but were more likely receive chiropractic care (OR?=?4.07, 95% CI: 2.49-6.67). Women who received their prenatal care from an obstetrician were more likely to visit a walk-in clinic (OR?=?1.51, 95% CI: 1.11-2.05) than those who were cared for by a family physician. Conclusions Prenatal care is a complex entity and referral pathways between care providers and services are not always clear. This can lead to the provision of fragmented care and create opportunities for errors and loss of information. All types of care providers have a role in addressing the full range of health needs that pregnant women experience. PMID:23497179

  11. Evaluation of Contribution for Voltage Control Ancillary Services Based on Social Surplus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ueki, Yuji; Hara, Ryoichi; Kita, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Jun

    Reactive power supply plays an important role in active power supply with adequate system voltages. Various pricing mechanism for reactive power supply have been developed and some of them are adopted in some power systems, however they are in a trial stage. The authors also focus on development of a pricing method for reactive power ancillary services. This problem involves two technical issues: rational estimation of the cost associated with reactive power supply and fair and transparent allocation of the estimated cost among the market participants. This paper proposes methods for evaluating the contribution of generators and demands.

  12. Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Ghatikar, Girish; Koch, Ed; Hennage, Dan; Hernandez, John; Chiu, Albert; Sezgen, Osman; Goodin, John

    2009-11-06

    The Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) is conducting a pilot program to investigate the technical feasibility of bidding certain demand response (DR) resources into the California Independent System Operator's (CAISO) day-ahead market for ancillary services nonspinning reserve. Three facilities, a retail store, a local government office building, and a bakery, are recruited into the pilot program. For each facility, hourly demand, and load curtailment potential are forecasted two days ahead and submitted to the CAISO the day before the operation as an available resource. These DR resources are optimized against all other generation resources in the CAISO ancillary service. Each facility is equipped with four-second real time telemetry equipment to ensure resource accountability and visibility to CAISO operators. When CAISO requests DR resources, PG&E's OpenADR (Open Automated DR) communications infrastructure is utilized to deliver DR signals to the facilities energy management and control systems (EMCS). The pre-programmed DR strategies are triggered without a human in the loop. This paper describes the automated system architecture and the flow of information to trigger and monitor the performance of the DR events. We outline the DR strategies at each of the participating facilities. At one site a real time electric measurement feedback loop is implemented to assure the delivery of CAISO dispatched demand reductions. Finally, we present results from each of the facilities and discuss findings.

  13. Three utilization patterns of the renovated Moste hydro power plant on an electricity market of power and ancillary services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zvonko Bregar

    2007-01-01

    In addition to electricity, most hydro power plants can offer also the ancillary services: secondary and tertiary control reserve. On emerging electricity markets the need for these additional services is becoming more and more important, recognised and also paid. However, for each plant, there is some interdependence among those options. The same plant cannot provide maximal peaking electricity, maximal secondary

  14. Ancillary Studies

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content Home   |   Data   |   Statistics   |   Tools   |   Collaborations   |   Work with Us   |   Publications   |   About   |   Links Ongoing Collaborations CISNET ACS FAVOR Comprehensive Cancer Centers Ancillary Studies Ancillary Studies Year

  15. DR Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services in the West (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Hummon, M.; Kiliccote, S.

    2014-04-01

    Demand response (DR) resources present a potentially important source of grid flexibility however, DR in grid models is limited by data availability and modeling complexity. This presentation focuses on the co-optimization of DR resources to provide energy and ancillary services in a production cost model of the Colorado "test system". We assume each DR resource can provide energy services by either shedding load or shifting its use between different times, as well as operating reserves: frequency regulation, contingency reserve, and flexibility (or ramping) reserve. There are significant variations in the availabilities of different types of DR resources, which affect both the operational savings as well as the revenue for each DR resource. The results presented include the system-wide avoided fuel and generator start-up costs as well as the composite revenue for each DR resource by energy and operating reserves.

  16. The Future Impact of Wind on BPA Power System Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Lu, Shuai; McManus, Bart; Pease, John

    2008-06-30

    Wind power is growing in a very fast pace as an alternative generating resource. As the ratio of wind power over total system capacity increases, the impact of wind on various system aspects becomes significant. This paper presents a methodology to study the future impact of wind on BPA power system ancillary services including load following and regulation. Existing approaches for similar analysis include dispatch model simulation and standard deviation evaluation. The methodology proposed in this paper uses historical data and stochastic processes to simulate the load balancing processes in BPA power system. Then capacity, ramp rate and ramp duration characteristics are extracted from the simulation results, and load following and regulation requirements are calculated accordingly. It mimics the actual power system operations therefore the results can be more realistic yet the approach is convenient to perform. Further, the ramp rate and ramp duration data obtained from the analysis can be used to evaluate generator response or maneuverability and energy requirement, respectively, additional to the capacity requirement.

  17. Ancillary investigations in uveitis

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Vishali; Gupta, Amod

    2013-01-01

    Ancillary investigations are the backbone of uveitis work-up both for anterior and posterior segment diseases. They help in making the diagnosis, ruling out certain differential diagnosis and monitoring inflammation during the follow-up. This review aims to be an overview describing the role of commonly used investigations for uveitis. PMID:23803477

  18. ELECTRIC INDUSTRY RESTRUCTURING, ANCILLARY SERVICES, AND THE POTENTIAL IMPACT ON WIND

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brendan Kirby; Eric Hirst; Brian Parsons; Kevin Porter; John B. Cadogan

    This paper begins to look at issues of concern to wind in a restructured electric industry. The paper first briefly looks at the range of unbundled services and comments on their unique significance to wind. To illustrate the concerns that arise with restructuring, the paper then takes a more detailed look at a single service: regulation. Finally, the paper takes

  19. Using OWL-S to annotate services with ancillary Roxana Belecheanu, Mariusz Jacyno, Terry Payne

    E-print Network

    communications (e.g. line rate, throughput, error rate) in such a system, there is also a need for dynamically discovering and composing the applications running on these connected devices. Abstracting devices (physical application must ensure: 1. service availability: services which are critical for the patient care (e.g. heart

  20. Peer-to-Peer Consultations: Ancillary Services Peer Exchange with India: Experience from South Africa, Europe & the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    In support of national and subnational decision makers, the 21st Century Power Partnership regularly works with country partners to organize peer-to-peer consultations on critical issues. In March 2014, 21CPP collaborated with the Regulatory Assistance Project - India to host two peer-to-peer exchanges among experts from India, South Africa, Europe, and the United States to discuss the provision of ancillary services, particularly in the context of added variability and uncertainty from renewable energy. This factsheet provides a high level summary of the peer-to-peer consultation.

  1. 47 CFR 25.255 - Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary... Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary...6/2.4 GHz bands. If harmful interference is caused to other services by...

  2. 47 CFR 25.255 - Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary... Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary...GHz and 2 GHz bands. If harmful interference is caused to other services by...

  3. Ancillary service details: Voltage control

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

    1997-12-01

    Voltage control is accomplished by managing reactive power on an alternating-current power system. Reactive power can be produced and absorbed by both generation and transmission equipment. Reactive-power devices differ substantially in the magnitude and speed of response and in their capital costs. System operators, transmission owners, generators, customers, power marketers, and government regulators need to pay close attention to voltage control as they restructure the U.S. electricity industry. Voltage control can affect reliability and commerce in three ways: (1) Voltages must be maintained within an acceptable range for both customer and power-system equipment to function properly. (2) The movement of reactive power consumes transmission resources, which limits the ability to move real power and worsens congestion. (3) The movement of reactive power results in real-power losses. When generators are required to supply excessive amounts of reactive power, their real-power production must be curtailed. These opportunity costs are not currently compensated for in most regions. Current tariffs are based on embedded costs. These embedded-cost tariffs average about $0.51/MWh, equivalent to $1.5 billion annually for the United States as a whole. Although this cost is low when compared with the cost of energy, it still aggregates to a significant amount of money. This report takes a basic look at why the power system requires reactive power (an appendix explains the fundamentals of real and reactive power). The report then examines the various types of generation and transmission resources used to supply reactive power and to control voltage. Finally it discusses how these resources are deployed and paid for in several reliability regions around the country. As the U.S. electricity industry is restructured, the generation, transmission, and system-control equipment and functions that maintain voltages within the appropriate ranges are being deintegrated.

  4. 75 FR 20809 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ...this responsibility. The Hydrographic Services Review Panel provides...data pertaining to: (a) Hydrographic surveying; (b) Shoreline surveying...more disciplines relating to hydrographic surveying, tides, currents,...

  5. Managing stress and change during service reviews.

    PubMed

    Sweeney, Corinne

    2009-01-01

    Service reviews occur throughout the National Health Service from time to time, and changes in commissioning policies have recently led many Primary Care Trusts to hold reviews of the community health services. Although reviews can provide opportunities for fresh thinking, the process can be a time of considerable stress and apprehension for many staff as current systems and ways of working are challenged and possibly changed. If this stress is not managed appropriately, staff may suffer ill health leading to possible staff absences and pressure on services. Leaders and managers are ideally placed to manage this time of stress, if they have the necessary skills and qualities. Self-help measures are also beneficial and recommended as part of a healthy lifestyle. This article discusses how change can affect people in different stages of their life and how it can be managed more positively in the workplace. PMID:19517944

  6. 75 FR 57974 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY Office of the Secretary Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...appropriate personnel actions for incumbents of Senior Executive Service, Senior Level and...

  7. 76 FR 76122 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ...SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...announces a change in the membership of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...performance ratings of members of the Senior Executive Service (SES) and makes...

  8. 77 FR 70779 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-27

    ...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...appropriate personnel actions for members of the Senior Executive Service. DATES: This...

  9. 78 FR 67147 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...appropriate personnel actions for members of the Senior Executive Service. DATES: This...

  10. 75 FR 62501 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Update

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...Development, Office of Inspector General's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...the following reference-- USAID OIG Senior Executive Service (SES)...

  11. 76 FR 78257 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...appropriate personnel actions for members of the Senior Executive Service. DATES: This...

  12. 75 FR 76006 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...appropriate personnel actions for members of the Senior Executive Service. DATES: This...

  13. 76 FR 55677 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-08

    ...Sequence 15] Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board AGENCY: General...members to the General Services Administration SES Performance Review Board. The Performance...Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES performance review board(s). The...

  14. Pupil Personnel Services: Material Review List Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardinale, Anthony

    This list of materials provides recommendations to counselors and guidance personnel for the purchase of materials for pupil personnel services programs in the Department of Defense Dependents Schools (DDDS). The listing, based on staff reviews in each of the six DDDS regions, is divided into 10 content areas: (1) assessment and evaluation; (2)…

  15. 76 FR 46896 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...of the Persons selected to serve on its Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...a performance appraisal system making senior executives accountable for...

  16. 75 FR 35877 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...of the Persons selected to serve on its Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...a performance appraisal system making senior executives accountable for...

  17. 78 FR 41191 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...of the Persons selected to serve on its Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...a performance appraisal system making senior executives accountable for...

  18. 76 FR 60090 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ...Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES) AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space...NASA). ACTION: Notice of membership of SES Performance Review Board...The performance review function for the SES in NASA is being performed by the NASA...

  19. 75 FR 62591 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES) AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space...NASA). ACTION: Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review Board...The performance review function for the SES in NASA is being performed by the NASA...

  20. 75 FR 59697 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-28

    ...SUMMARY: The Hydrographic Services Review Panel (HSRP...forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services Improvement Act of...Northwest Regional navigation and hydrographic surveying, climate change and sea...

  1. 76 FR 61726 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Office of the Secretary Senior Executive Service Performance Review; Correction AGENCY: Office...26, 2011, regarding the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Performance Review Boards. This correction adds...

  2. 78 FR 55244 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board; Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-10

    ...Board (DNFSB) Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board (PRB). DATES...agency; therefore, the members of the DNFSB SES Performance Review Board listed in this notice are drawn from the SES ranks of other agencies. The...

  3. 77 FR 54570 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ...Board (DNFSB) Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board (PRB). DATES...agency; therefore, the members of the DNFSB SES Performance Review Board listed in this notice are drawn from the SES ranks of other agencies. The...

  4. 75 FR 62509 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board (PRB) for the Department of Defense...4314(c)(4). The PRB provides fair and impartial review of SES performance appraisals and makes recommendations regarding...

  5. 75 FR 56999 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    ...Board (DNFSB) Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board (PRB). DATES...agency; therefore, the members of the DNFSB SES Performance Review Board listed in this notice are drawn from the SES ranks of other agencies. The...

  6. 78 FR 44563 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-24

    ...FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority...publishes the names of the persons selected to serve on its SES Performance Review Board (PRB). This notice supersedes...

  7. 76 FR 35949 - Agency Information Collection Activity (Servicer's Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR) Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ...Servicer's Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR) Application) Under OMB Review AGENCY...Servicer's Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR) Application, VA Form 26-0829. OMB...for approval as Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR). Servicers SAR's will have the...

  8. Competitive ancillary service procurement in California

    SciTech Connect

    Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    California has undertaken a major restructuring of its electricity utility sector. Most electricity is now sold in open markets operated by the PX and other entities. Bilateral contracting among some market participants is also permitted. A group of independent generating companies bids into these markets together with out of state resources. In addition to these markets, CAISO operates markets for both imbalance energy and AS, a quite unusual feature of the California system. These markets were initially quite chaotic and were rife with market power problems. However, various reforms have now created a system that functions well. During the restructuring process, special provisions were made to protect public purpose programs, including renewable generation.

  9. Master of Public Service and Administration Program Review and Evaluation

    E-print Network

    McElheny, Sue; McMillen, Stephanie; Payne, Tyler; Perez, Paige; Vela, Austin; Ward, David; Weissgerber, Alec

    2010-01-01

    % Overall preparation for a career in public service Problem solving Learning environment was stimulating and challenging Oral communication Satisfied with program resources and facilities Presentation skills Written communication MPSA workload... Master of Public Service and Administration Program Review and Evaluation Bush School of Government and Public Service MPSA Capstone: PSAA 676-606 Spring 2010 2 Report Submitted to Dr. Jeryl Mumpower...

  10. The role of empathy in sport tourism services: A review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George Costa; Eleni Glinia; Amalia Drakou

    2004-01-01

    Empathy is simply explained as a social\\/communication skill of paying attention on other peoples' needs by understanding their feelings. It is well argued that staffs' empathy represents one of the five main dimensions of service quality. Results of the literature review have shown that empathy is more or less underestimated in the services research and in some service areas it

  11. Models for financing dental services. A review.

    PubMed

    Grytten, Jostein

    2005-06-01

    The aim of this review article is to give a brief description of the most important models for financing dental services, and then to describe the effects that the different models can have on patients' and dentists' behaviour. The advantages and disadvantages of the different models will be discussed. The first section focuses on the relationship between insured people and insurance providers. The justifications for a private insurance scheme and a public insurance scheme for dental treatment are discussed. A purely private insurance market for dental services will fail. This is because the benefits of a private dental insurance scheme are few in relation to the costs of having insurance, and because of the problem of adverse selection. There are also problems with public insurance schemes, for example, high transaction costs for collection of taxes and problems with cost containment as a result of moral hazard. The second section focuses on the relationship between the dentist and the patient, more specifically on how different remuneration schemes influence dentists' behaviour. The advantages and disadvantages of three types of remuneration scheme are discussed: fixed salary, per capita remuneration and pure fee-for-item remuneration. One important conclusion is that per capita payments secure effectiveness, while fee-for-item payments secure quality. With per capita payments there is a potential for patient-selection and undertreatment, while cost containment is a problem with fee-for-item payments. In order to counteract the adverse side-effects of each financing system, focus should be placed on the individual dentist in relation to ethics, norms and quality control. PMID:15984132

  12. 76 FR 20822 - Proposed Information Collection (Servicer's Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR) Application) Activity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ...Servicer's Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR) Application) Activity: Comment Request...Servicer's Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR) Application, VA Form 26-0829. OMB...for approval as Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR). Servicers SAR's will have the...

  13. 76 FR 75566 - Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-02

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Appointment to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service...announces a change in the membership of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review...

  14. 75 FR 75502 - Appointments To Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-03

    ...Appointments To Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Appointment to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service...announces a change in the membership of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review...

  15. 75 FR 55831 - Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review Board.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ...CONTROL POLICY Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review...Heading: Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review...persons have been appointed to the ONDCP Senior Executive Service Performance Review...

  16. 76 FR 78955 - Review of Nonpostal Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    ...intellectual property. The Commission's...economic effect of the products...focusing on the service (licensing...Postal Service Intellectual Property for Mailing...shipping supplies or for other...licensing of its intellectual property for use on...consumer goods, is it appropriate...to Postal Service areas......

  17. Diffusion of Innovations in Service Organizations: Systematic Review and Recommendations

    PubMed Central

    Greenhalgh, Trisha; Robert, Glenn; Macfarlane, Fraser; Bate, Paul; Kyriakidou, Olivia

    2004-01-01

    This article summarizes an extensive literature review addressing the question, How can we spread and sustain innovations in health service delivery and organization? It considers both content (defining and measuring the diffusion of innovation in organizations) and process (reviewing the literature in a systematic and reproducible way). This article discusses (1) a parsimonious and evidence-based model for considering the diffusion of innovations in health service organizations, (2) clear knowledge gaps where further research should be focused, and (3) a robust and transferable methodology for systematically reviewing health service policy and management. Both the model and the method should be tested more widely in a range of contexts. PMID:15595944

  18. Student Services Review: Grossmont College Disabled Student Programs and Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Mimi; Mueler, Toni

    An overview is provided of the support services and special activities provided by Grossmont College's Disabled Student Programs and Services (DSPS). Following introductory material on the philosophy and objectives of the DSPS, the report describes the methods used to identify the instructional development and support needs of DSPS students during…

  19. 76 FR 65728 - Submission for OMB Review; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract or...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-24

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...Sequence 5] Submission for OMB Review; General Services Administration; Information... Fax: 202-501-4067. Mail: General Services Administration, Regulatory...

  20. 77 FR 66191 - Senior Executive Service-Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-02

    ...OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Senior Executive Service--Performance Review...and evaluates the initial appraisal of a senior executive's performance by the supervisor...authority regarding the performance of the senior executive. U.S. Office of...

  1. 78 FR 50037 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ...expertise in navigation data, products and services; marine cartography and geospatial information systems; geodesy; physical oceanography; coastal resource management, including fisheries management and regional marine planning; and other...

  2. Report on School Food Services. MORE: Management Operations Review & Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, William M.; And Others

    Because of the size of its budget and the importance and complexity of its operation, the Division of Food Services in the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools was one of the first selected for a series of Management Operations Review and Evaluation (MORE) studies. The Division directs the delivery of food services to all 178 schools in the…

  3. International services marketing: review of research, 1980-1998

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Knight

    1999-01-01

    The literature on international services marketing from 31 academic journals in the period 1980 to 1998 is reviewed. This time frame contains the largest proportion of scholarly works published on international services marketing to date. Results reveal that the extant literature is relatively sparse, with much research focused on highly specific industries or topic areas. Major findings from leading sectors

  4. School-Based Mental Health Services: A Research Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle Rones; Kimberly Hoagwood

    2000-01-01

    This paper provides a synthetic review of research on school-based mental health services. Schools play an increasingly important role in providing mental health services to children, yet most school-based programs being provided have no evidence to support their impact. A computerized search of references published between 1985 and 1999 was used to identify studies of school-based mental health services for

  5. 77 FR 64521 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ...OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...appointment of members of the updated OGE Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance...310 thereof in particular, one or more Senior Executive Service performance review...

  6. 77 FR 47489 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    ...Docket No. SSA-2012-0049] Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...evaluation of performance appraisals of Senior Executive Service members of the...

  7. 77 FR 75150 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Committee for...Appointment of Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executive Service employees: Perry...

  8. 75 FR 10789 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-09

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Committee for...Appointment of Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executive Service employees: Perry...

  9. 76 FR 58559 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ...Docket No. SSA-2011-0079] Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...evaluation of performance appraisals of Senior Executive Service members of the...

  10. 76 FR 76697 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Committee for...Appointment of Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executive Service employees: Perry...

  11. 75 FR 48407 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-10

    ...Docket No. SSA-2010-0049] Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...evaluation of performance appraisals of Senior Executive Service members of the...

  12. 76 FR 26707 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Committee for...Appointment of Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executive Service employees: Perry...

  13. A Review of Telehealth Service Implementation Frameworks

    PubMed Central

    van Dyk, Liezl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potential of telehealth services to increase the quality and accessibility of healthcare, the success rate of such services has been disappointing. The purpose of this paper is to find and compare existing frameworks for the implementation of telehealth services that can contribute to the success rate of future endeavors. After a thorough discussion of these frameworks, this paper outlines the development methodologies in terms of theoretical background, methodology and validation. Finally, the common themes and formats are identified for consideration in future implementation. It was confirmed that a holistic implementation approach is needed, which includes technology, organizational structures, change management, economic feasibility, societal impacts, perceptions, user-friendliness, evaluation and evidence, legislation, policy and governance. Furthermore, there is some scope for scientifically rigorous framework development and validation approaches. PMID:24464237

  14. A review of telehealth service implementation frameworks.

    PubMed

    van Dyk, Liezl

    2014-02-01

    Despite the potential of telehealth services to increase the quality and accessibility of healthcare, the success rate of such services has been disappointing. The purpose of this paper is to find and compare existing frameworks for the implementation of telehealth services that can contribute to the success rate of future endeavors. After a thorough discussion of these frameworks, this paper outlines the development methodologies in terms of theoretical background, methodology and validation. Finally, the common themes and formats are identified for consideration in future implementation. It was confirmed that a holistic implementation approach is needed, which includes technology, organizational structures, change management, economic feasibility, societal impacts, perceptions, user-friendliness, evaluation and evidence, legislation, policy and governance. Furthermore, there is some scope for scientifically rigorous framework development and validation approaches. PMID:24464237

  15. Review of the Rural Manpower Service, 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

    In response to a public complaint filed with the Secretary of Labor alleging discriminatory practice by the Rural Manpower Service (RMS), an investigation of the charges was conducted. The petition was filed on behalf of 16 organizations and 398 specifically named individuals, and it accused the RMS of exploiting migrant farm workers. The…

  16. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Elements of the child and family services review...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER...ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  17. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of the CAS. Volume 4 presents the GSFC user mission planning procedures covering the mission planning main menu, bulletin board system, ancillary products menu, utility menu procedures, and ancillary support files procedures.

  18. 77 FR 18818 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Contract...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control No. 3090-0027...Sequence 8] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Contract Administration, Quality Assurance (GSAR...

  19. Integrated Early Years Services: A Thematic Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Sandie; Sumsion, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the findings of a thematic review of research literature about integrated early years services (IEYS) [1995-2012]. Four themes are discussed: broad support for IEYS; critiques of claims about IEYS; a focus on inter-professional practice; and the challenge of evaluating IEYS. The article concludes with reflections concerning…

  20. 75 FR 65673 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear...Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executives and Senior Level System...

  1. 77 FR 70192 - Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-23

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Appointment to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executives and Senior Level...

  2. 76 FR 66332 - Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear...Appointment to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executives and Senior Level...

  3. 78 FR 70079 - Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ...Appointments to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Appointment to Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service...appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executives and Senior Level...

  4. 75 FR 52599 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-26

    ...members on IRS' Fiscal Year 2010 Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Boards. DATES: This notice is effective...the appointment of members to the Internal Revenue Service's SES Performance Review Boards. Need for Correction As...

  5. 75 FR 13130 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Submission and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB...Sequence 9] General Services Administration Acquisition...Review; Submission and Distribution of Authorized FSS Schedule...MVCB), General Services Administration, 1800...3090-00XX, Submission and Distribution of Authorized FSS...

  6. 75 FR 58435 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance...of Justice's standing members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...Justice announces the membership of its 2010 Senior Executive Service (SES) Standing...

  7. 76 FR 56471 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance...of Justice's standing members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...Justice announces the membership of its 2011 Senior Executive Service (SES) Standing...

  8. 78 FR 56930 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-16

    ...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance...of Justice's standing members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...Justice announces the membership of its 2013 Senior Executive Service (SES) Standing...

  9. 77 FR 59004 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance...of Justice's standing members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards...Justice announces the membership of its 2012 Senior Executive Service (SES) Standing...

  10. Systematic Review Evidence Methodology: Providing Quality Family Planning Services.

    PubMed

    Tregear, Stephen J; Gavin, Loretta E; Williams, Jessica R

    2015-08-01

    From 2010 to 2014, CDC and the Office of Population Affairs at the USDHHS collaborated on the development of clinical recommendations for providing quality family planning services. A high priority was placed on the use of existing scientific evidence in developing the recommendations, in accordance with IOM guidelines for how to develop "trustworthy" clinical practice guidelines. Consequently, a series of systematic reviews were developed using a transparent and reproducible methodology aimed at ensuring that the clinical practice guidelines would be based on evidence collected in the most unbiased manner possible. This article describes the methodology used in conducting these systematic reviews, which occurred from mid-2011 through 2012. PMID:26190844

  11. Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets

    E-print Network

    this Project For information about this project contact: Peter W. Sauer, Project Leader Professor ElectricalReactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets Costing and Pricing of Ancillary Services Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets Costing and Pricing of Ancillary Services Project

  12. Use of ultrasound by emergency medical services: a review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bret P. Nelson; Kevin Chason

    2008-01-01

    Prehospital ultrasound has been deployed in certain areas of the USA and Europe. Physicians, emergency medical technicians,\\u000a and flight nurses have utilized a variety of medical and trauma ultrasound assessments to impact patient care in the field.\\u000a The goal of this review is to summarize the literature on emergency medical services (EMS) use of ultrasound to more clearly\\u000a define the

  13. 78 FR 37847 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ...NARA-13-0028] Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY...Records Administration. ACTION: Notice of SES Performance Review Board Appointments...Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The Board...

  14. 75 FR 74091 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ...ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY...Records Administration. ACTION: Notice; SES Performance Review Board...Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The Board...

  15. 76 FR 50272 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ...ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY...Records Administration. ACTION: Notice; SES Performance Review Board...Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The Board...

  16. 75 FR 6729 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ...ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY...Records Administration. ACTION: Notice; SES Performance Review Board...Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The Board...

  17. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 6

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of CAS. Volume 6 describes ancillary products procedures, enhancement menu and processing task procedures for SDT/TDT (shuttle data tape/telemetry descriptor tape), database errors and network data driver (NDD) product menu procedures, and utility menu procedures.

  18. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 5

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of CAS. Volume 5 describes the testing user mission planning procedures including the bulletin board system and ancillary products procedures. Instructions for viewing the SDT/TDT (shuttle data tape/telemetry descriptor tape) data base and the file management menu are also given.

  19. 76 FR 66070 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-25

    ...Executive Officer.... Hospital Induction.... 482 1 1.5 Hospital Chief Executive Officer.... Hospital Induction 167 1 30/60 (new sample). Ancillary...Freestanding ASC 200 1 30/60 Induction. Ancillary Service...

  20. Endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration and useful ancillary methods

    PubMed Central

    Tadic, Mario; Stoos-Veic, Tajana; Kusec, Rajko

    2014-01-01

    The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in evaluating pancreatic pathology has been well documented from the beginning of its clinical use. High spatial resolution and the close proximity to the evaluated organs within the mediastinum and abdominal cavity allow detection of small focal lesions and precise tissue acquisition from suspected lesions within the reach of this method. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is considered of additional value to EUS and is performed to obtain tissue diagnosis. Tissue acquisition from suspected lesions for cytological or histological analysis allows, not only the differentiation between malignant and non-malignant lesions, but, in most cases, also the accurate distinction between the various types of malignant lesions. It is well documented that the best results are achieved only if an adequate sample is obtained for further analysis, if the material is processed in an appropriate way, and if adequate ancillary methods are performed. This is a multi-step process and could be quite a challenge in some cases. In this article, we discuss the technical aspects of tissue acquisition by EUS-guided-FNA (EUS-FNA), as well as the role of an on-site cytopathologist, various means of specimen processing, and the selection of the appropriate ancillary method for providing an accurate tissue diagnosis and maximizing the yield of this method. The main goal of this review is to alert endosonographers, not only to the different possibilities of tissue acquisition, namely EUS-FNA, but also to bring to their attention the importance of proper sample processing in the evaluation of various lesions in the gastrointestinal tract and other accessible organs. All aspects of tissue acquisition (needles, suction, use of stylet, complications, etc.) have been well discussed lately. Adequate tissue samples enable comprehensive diagnoses, which answer the main clinical questions, thus enabling targeted therapy. PMID:25339816

  1. Health and Social Services Integration: A Review of Concepts and Models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael P. Fisher; Christine Elnitsky

    2012-01-01

    Health and social services integration is particularly relevant for populations whose needs span physical health, mental health, housing, and disability services, along with others. Veterans, homeless, chronically ill, and aging are among those populations. This review examines recent peer-reviewed literature about different approaches to services integration, rationales behind those approaches, and successes of those approaches, including factors that make them

  2. National Park Service: Natural Resource Year in Review, 2002

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Web site contains a recently published report by the National Park Service titled Natural Resource Year in Review -- 2002: A portrait of the year in natural resource stewardship and science in the Natural Park System. The report opens with Year at a Glance, summarizing NPS activities month-by-month in 2002. The following chapters offer detailed treatments of various park management topics, including biodiversity assessment, ecological restoration, and marine and coastal resource preservation. The entire report may be viewed online or downloaded in PDF format.

  3. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 8

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of CAS. Volume 8 describes procedures for invoking checkout software, file maintenance procedures, system manager procedures.

  4. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of CAS. Volume 2 describes the central status and control (CSAC) procedures, supervisor procedures, and logging procedures.

  5. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of the CAS. Volume 3 describes logging and delogging procedures, real-time procedures, and error messages.

  6. Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation

    PubMed Central

    Bell, Michelle L; Davis, Devra L; Cifuentes, Luis A; Krupnick, Alan J; Morgenstern, Richard D; Thurston, George D

    2008-01-01

    Background Greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policies can provide ancillary benefits in terms of short-term improvements in air quality and associated health benefits. Several studies have analyzed the ancillary impacts of GHG policies for a variety of locations, pollutants, and policies. In this paper we review the existing evidence on ancillary health benefits relating to air pollution from various GHG strategies and provide a framework for such analysis. Methods We evaluate techniques used in different stages of such research for estimation of: (1) changes in air pollutant concentrations; (2) avoided adverse health endpoints; and (3) economic valuation of health consequences. The limitations and merits of various methods are examined. Finally, we conclude with recommendations for ancillary benefits analysis and related research gaps in the relevant disciplines. Results We found that to date most assessments have focused their analysis more heavily on one aspect of the framework (e.g., economic analysis). While a wide range of methods was applied to various policies and regions, results from multiple studies provide strong evidence that the short-term public health and economic benefits of ancillary benefits related to GHG mitigation strategies are substantial. Further, results of these analyses are likely to be underestimates because there are a number of important unquantified health and economic endpoints. Conclusion Remaining challenges include integrating the understanding of the relative toxicity of particulate matter by components or sources, developing better estimates of public health and environmental impacts on selected sub-populations, and devising new methods for evaluating heretofore unquantified and non-monetized benefits. PMID:18671873

  7. 17 CFR 240.3b-15 - Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities...3b-15 Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities. (a) The term ancillary portfolio management securities activities...

  8. Ancillary effects of selected acid deposition control policies

    SciTech Connect

    Moe, R.J.; Lyke, A.J.; Nesse, R.J.

    1986-08-01

    NAPAP is examining a number of potential ways to reduce the precursors (sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) to acid deposition. However, the policies to reduce acid deposition will have other physical, biological and economic effects unrelated to acid deposition. For example, control policies that reduce sulfur dioxide emissions may also increase visibility. The effects of an acid deposition policy that are unrelated to acid deposition are referred to as ''ancillary'' effects. This reserch identifies and characterizes the principle physical and economic ancillary effects associated with acid deposition control and mitigation policies. In this study the ancillary benefits associated with four specific acid deposition policy options were investigated. The four policy options investigated are: (1) flue gas desulfurization, (2) coal blending or switching, (3) reductions in automobile emissions of NO/sub x/, and (4) lake liming. Potential ancillary benefits of each option were identified and characterized. Particular attention was paid to the literature on economic valuation of potential ancillary effects.

  9. Review of oral pathology service, Medlab Dental, University of Otago, 2002-2005.

    PubMed

    Rich, Alison M; Firth, Norman A; Kardos, Thomas B

    2007-06-01

    The School of Dentistry of the University of Otago operates a diagnostic oral pathology service, Medlab Dental, as a joint venture with the private pathology service Medlab South. This report reviews the use of the service in 2005 and provides information on current activities that highlights the importance of oral pathology diagnostic services in patient management. PMID:17596024

  10. 76 FR 68505 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-04

    ...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards AGENCY: Department of Justice...September 13, 2011, concerning the Department of Justice's standing members of the Senior Executive Service Performance...

  11. 77 FR 55843 - Office of Facilities Management and Program Services; Submission for OMB Review; Background...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-11

    ...Docket 2012-0001; Sequence 7] Office of Facilities Management and Program Services; Submission for OMB Review...Investigations for Child Care Workers AGENCY: Office of Facilities Management and Program Services, Public Building...

  12. A Quantitative review of relationships between Ecosystem services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, H.; Lautenbach, S.

    2014-12-01

    Each decision in natural resources management can generate trade-offs with respect to the provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). If the increase of one ES happens directly or indirectly at the cost of another ES, an attempt to maximize the provision of a single ES will lead to suboptimal results. However, decisions in natural resources management are often made without considering such trade-offs, despite their crucial role toward supporting better decision-making. The research on trade-offs between ES has gained some attention in the scientific community. However, a synthesis on existing knowledge and knowledge gaps is missing so far. We aim at closing that gap by a quantitative review of recent literature on trade-offs of ES. We looked at the pairs of ES that have been studied in ~100 case studies that report on trade-offs between ES. If a case study analyzed more than one ES pair, we looked at all pairwise combinations. We categorized relationships between these pairs of ES into the categories "trade-off", "synergy" or "no-effect". Most pairs of ES had a clear association with one category: the majority of case studies that studied a specific pair of ES identified the same category of relationship between the two ES. Pairs of regulating services were typically synergetic in relationship, whereas provisioning services and regulating services typically showed a trade-off. However, for several pairs of ES we were not able to identify a dominate category of relationship. Our hypothesis is that this relates to either the scale of the analysis, the land system where the analysis took place or the method used to quantify the relationship. The number of case studies for each pair of ES was spread unevenly. This hinders the support for a conclusive statement drawn for the pairs. Our results showed further that the method used to identify the relationship between services had a strong effect on the direction of the effect. This suggests that researchers should consider their method carefully. We believe that our results are of use for the scientific community as well as for practitioners since they provide helpful information about which services to include in ES assessments. Furthermore, they allow a first check if critical trade-offs have been considered in an analysis.

  13. Changing Reference Service Environment: A Review of the Perspectives of Managers, Librarians, and Users

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soo Young Rieh

    This article reviews the literature on academic library reference service, and examines changes in the traditional reference desk model. Based on the review from the perspectives of managers, librarians, and users, new research directions are proposed in which users' information-search processes and librarians' intervention in reference service are integrated. While all units and functions in libraries are experiencing the consequences

  14. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 7

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of CAS. Volume 7 describes the data flow engineer (DFE) user mission planning procedures which include instructions for processing the SDT/TDT (shuttle data tape/telemetry descriptor tape).

  15. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 9

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of CAS. Volume 9 contains the menu-independent CAS commands. Examples of each command and command parameters are presented. A listing of acronyms and applicable documentation is also provided.

  16. THE FIRM-LEVEL EFFECTS OF SERVICE INNOVATION: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TOR HELGE AAS; PER E. PEDERSEN

    2010-01-01

    Despite the importance of service innovation, its effects have been given relatively little explicit attention in the extant literature. Instead, researchers often implicitly assume that firm-level service innovation activities result in a number of positive financial and other effects. This paper conducts a systematic review of literature on the firm-level effects of service innovation and attempts to identify and categorize

  17. CT and MR imaging diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma: part II. Extracellular agents, hepatobiliary agents, and ancillary imaging features.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jin-Young; Lee, Jeong-Min; Sirlin, Claude B

    2014-10-01

    Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging play critical roles in the diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The second article of this two-part review discusses basic concepts of diagnosis and staging, reviews the diagnostic performance of CT and MR imaging with extracellular contrast agents and of MR imaging with hepatobiliary contrast agents, and examines in depth the major and ancillary imaging features used in the diagnosis and characterization of HCC. PMID:25247563

  18. Health services market testing--the experience of the community services review team in British Forces Germany.

    PubMed

    Leach, A J; Whitmore, M K; Schofield, J; Morris, G

    1996-06-01

    During 1993-1995 the health services in British Forces Germany were subjected to a market testing process by which the primary, community and acute health services for the British Servicemen and women, their families and attached civilian staff, a population of 70,000, were put out to competitive tender with the then current provider, the Defence Medical Services, as one tenderer for the contract. This paper outlines the methodology developed by the Health Alliance Community Services Review team in formulating a successful bid. It is considered that the process outlined could be of value to those involved in future market tests, commissioning projects or performance improvement programmes. PMID:8819035

  19. Service Innovation: A Review and Future Research Areas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Xin; K. H. Chai; K. C. Tan

    2006-01-01

    Today the service sector offers a tremendous potential for growth and profitability. Managers of service firms face the challenge of creating a flow of innovations that ensure better results and long-term survival. Based on a literature on service innovation, this article take stock the knowledge in service innovation accumulated in the past two decades and look for possible future directions

  20. 75 FR 47141 - Review of Personal Radio Services Rules

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-04

    ...private, two-way, short-distance voice communications service intended primarily...The CB Radio Service may also be used for voice paging. Citizens Band Radio Services...private, two-way, very short-distance voice and data communications service for...

  1. Health status in the ambulance services: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Sterud, Tom; Ekeberg, Øivind; Hem, Erlend

    2006-01-01

    Background Researchers have become increasingly aware that ambulance personnel may be at risk of developing work-related health problems. This article systematically explores the literature on health problems and work-related and individual health predictors in the ambulance services. Methods We identified the relevant empirical literature by searching several electronic databases including Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and ISI Web of Science. Other relevant sources were identified through reference lists and other relevant studies known by the research group. Results Forty-nine studies are included in this review. Our analysis shows that ambulance workers have a higher standardized mortality rate, higher level of fatal accidents, higher level of accident injuries and a higher standardized early retirement on medical grounds than the general working population and workers in other health occupations. Ambulance workers also seem to have more musculoskeletal problems than the general population. These conclusions are preliminary at present because each is based on a single study. More studies have addressed mental health problems. The prevalence of post-traumatic stress symptom caseness was > 20% in five of seven studies, and similarly high prevalence rates were reported for anxiety and general psychopathology in four of five studies. However, it is unclear whether ambulance personnel suffer from more mental health problems than the general working population. Conclusion Several indicators suggest that workers in the ambulance services experience more health problems than the general working population and workers in other health occupations. Several methodological challenges, such as small sample sizes, non-representative samples, and lack of comparisons with normative data limit the interpretation of many studies. More coordinated research and replication are needed to compare data across studies. We discuss some strategies for future research. PMID:16817949

  2. Distributed Smart Grid Asset Control Strategies for Providing Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect

    Kalsi, Karanjit; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Moya, Christian; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2013-10-30

    With large-scale plans to integrate renewable generation driven mainly by state-level renewable portfolio requirements, more resources will be needed to compensate for the uncertainty and variability associated with intermittent generation resources. Distributed assets can be used to mitigate the concerns associated with renewable energy resources and to keep costs down. Under such conditions, performing primary frequency control using only supply-side resources becomes not only prohibitively expensive but also technically difficult. It is therefore important to explore how a sufficient proportion of the loads could assume a routine role in primary frequency control to maintain the stability of the system at an acceptable cost. The main objective of this project is to develop a novel hierarchical distributed framework for frequency based load control. The framework involves two decision layers. The top decision layer determines the optimal gain for aggregated loads for each load bus. The gains are computed using decentralized robust control methods, and will be broadcast to the corresponding participating loads every control period. The second layer consists of a large number of heterogeneous devices, which switch probabilistically during contingencies so that aggregated power change matches the desired amount according to the most recently received gains. The simulation results show great potential to enable systematic design of demand-side primary frequency control with stability guarantees on the overall power system. The proposed design systematically accounts for the interactions between the total load response and bulk power system frequency dynamics. It also guarantees frequency stability under a wide range of time varying operating conditions. The local device-level load response rules fully respect the device constraints (such as temperature setpoint, compressor time delays of HVACs, or arrival and departure of the deferrable loads), which are crucial for implementing real load control programs. The promise of autonomous, Grid Friendly™ response by smart appliances in the form of under-frequency load shedding was demonstrated in the GridWise Olympic Peninsula Demonstration in 2006. Each controller monitored the power grid voltage signal and requested that electrical load be shed by its appliance whenever electric power-grid frequency fell below 59.95 Hz. The controllers and their appliances responded reliably to each shallow under-frequency event, which was an average of one event per day and shed their loads for the durations of these events. Another objective of this project was to perform extensive simulation studies to investigate the impact of a population of Grid Friendly™ Appliances (GFAs) on the bulk power system frequency stability. The GFAs considered in this report are represented as demonstration units with water heaters individually modeled.

  3. Product-oriented design theory for digital information services: A literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fons Wijnhoven; Jeroen Kraaijenbrink

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give a structured literature review, design concepts, and research propositions related to a product-oriented design theory for information services. Information services facilitate the exchange of information goods with or without transforming these goods. Exemplar information services are e-publishing, electronic communities-of-practice, and management reporting. The importance of information services in the current

  4. 75 FR 27375 - Review of Nonpostal Services Language

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ...proposed nonpostal services MCS language filed by the Postal Service...Mail Classification Schedule language filed with its notices of March...Mail Classification Schedule language for four nonpostal services...7, 2008 referred to in the body of this order. 2....

  5. Ascent/descent ancillary data production user's guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brans, H. R.; Seacord, A. W., II; Ulmer, J. W.

    1986-01-01

    The Ascent/Descent Ancillary Data Product, also called the A/D BET because it contains a Best Estimate of the Trajectory (BET), is a collection of trajectory, attitude, and atmospheric related parameters computed for the ascent and descent phases of each Shuttle Mission. These computations are executed shortly after the event in a post-flight environment. A collection of several routines including some stand-alone routines constitute what is called the Ascent/Descent Ancillary Data Production Program. A User's Guide for that program is given. It is intended to provide the reader with all the information necessary to generate an Ascent or a Descent Ancillary Data Product. It includes descriptions of the input data and output data for each routine, and contains explicit instructions on how to run each routine. A description of the final output product is given.

  6. A Review of the Status of Supportive Services in Adult Basic Education. Human Renewal Services Demonstration Project (H-085) Interim Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silvester, John M.

    The paper is intended to meet the Human Renewal Service demonstration project objective: to review the status of supportive services of adult basic education programs, focusing on how exemplary services were developed, implemented, and evaluated. The first of three major sections looks at what constitutes supportive services and why they are…

  7. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD...subparts 1 and 2 of title IV-B of the Act, and reviews of foster care and adoption assistance programs administered by...

  8. 76 FR 70703 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ...This notice lists approved candidates who will comprise a standing roster for service on the Agency's 2011 and 2012 SES Performance...the convening SES Performance Review Board each year. The standing roster is as follows: Allen, Colleen Brause, Jon...

  9. 75 FR 69047 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ...This notice lists approved candidates who will comprise a standing roster for service on the Agency's 2010 and 2011 SES Performance...the convening SES Performance Review Board each year. The standing roster is as follows: Brause, Jon; Carroll, Sean;...

  10. 77 FR 66793 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ...This notice lists approved candidates who will comprise a standing roster for service on the Agency's 2012 and 2013 SES Performance...the convening SES Performance Review Board each year. The standing roster is as follows: Allen, Colleen Brause, Jon...

  11. 78 FR 58383 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ...Mint (USM), the Fiscal Service (FS), the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP), and the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). The Combined PRB reviews the performance appraisals...

  12. 75 FR 60864 - Senior Executive Service Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ...notice announces the appointment of members of the Combined Performance Review Board (PRB) for the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP), Financial Management Service (FMS), Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD), United States Mint (USM), Alcohol...

  13. 76 FR 64428 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ...members of the Combined Performance Review Board (PRB) for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD), the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP), the Financial Management Service (FMS), the United [[Page 64429

  14. Shuttle program: OFT ascent/descent ancillary data requirements document

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bond, A. C., Jr.; Knoedler, J.

    1980-01-01

    Requirements are presented for the ascent/descent (A/D) navigation and attitude-dependent ancillary data products to be generated for the space shuttle orbiter in support of the orbital flight test (OFT) flight test requirements, MPAD guidance and navigation performance assessment, and the mission evaluation team. The A/D ancillary data support for OFT mission evaluation activities is confined to providing postflight position, velocity, attitude, and associated navigation and attitude derived parameters for the Orbiter over particular flight phases and time intervals.

  15. Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) user's guide, volume 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Calibrated Ancillary System (CAS) provides real-time calibrated parameters from the orbiter downlink (ancillary data) to the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). This user's guide contains the introduction to the equipment, operation, general procedures, and specific procedures of the CAS. Volume 1 includes a general overview of the CAS relationships with other equipment, physical design, and hardware and software subsystems. In addition, a description of the user levels and tasks, an introduction to CAS operation, and an outline of general operating procedures are included.

  16. 78 FR 5516 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ...Health Review Commission. DATES: Membership is effective on January 25, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Linda M. Beard, Human Resources Specialist, U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, 1120 20th Street NW.,...

  17. 76 FR 30646 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    ...CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION BOARD Senior...Performance Review Board AGENCY: Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. ACTION...Performance Review Board for the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board...

  18. 78 FR 57837 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-20

    ...CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION BOARD Senior...Performance Review Board AGENCY: Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. ACTION...Performance Review Board for the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board...

  19. COO - Universal Program Review Service Area Resource Description

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. T. Leclair

    Please list the Services & Activities provided by the Service Area The activities of this service area include the planning, development, design and operation of the City's: -cycling-facilities program (network planning, bicycle lanes, pathways, markings, signage and parking, educational materials); -pedestrian-facilities program (network planning, new sidewalks, curb cuts, safety and encouragement programs); and -transportation-demand management (TDM) program (measures to encourage

  20. 4/11/2014 Computing Reviews, the leading online review service for computing literature. http://computingreviews.com/recommend/bestof/notableitems_2013.cfm 1/4

    E-print Network

    Gutierrez, Diego

    4/11/2014 Computing Reviews, the leading online review service for computing literature. http://computingreviews.com/recommend/bestof/notableitems_2013.cfm 1/4 Search Also read: Best Reviews Computing Reviews is happy to bring you, we reached out to many in the computing community for nominations: our reviewers, CR

  1. Systematic Review of Service-Learning in Youth Physical Activity Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Russell L.; Raguse, Allison L.

    2014-01-01

    The extent to which service-learning exists in the field of kinesiology broadly, and more specifically related to the physical activity of youth, remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the service-learning literature in kinesiology, with a specific focus on youth physical activity settings.…

  2. A Review of Healthcare Service and Education Provision of Autism Spectrum Condition in Mainland China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Xiang; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Brayne, Carol

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about the current situation regarding Autism Spectrum Conditions in mainland China. Electronic databases and bibliographies were searched to identify literature on service provision for ASC in both English and Chinese databases. 14 studies and 6 reports were reviewed. The findings of identified papers on service provision were…

  3. Outcomes and Effectiveness of Family Support Services: A Research Review. In Practice Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Statham, June

    This report reviews the evidence for the effectiveness of different kinds of family support services, focusing on services in the United Kingdom, particularly for families who are disadvantaged or experiencing particular difficulties in their lives. The report also describes different evaluation methods and presents information on various measures…

  4. The History of Youth Services Librarianship: A Review of the Research Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Christine A.

    2000-01-01

    Provides a review of the existing research literature on youth services librarianship which encompasses all library services to children and young adults, ages zero to eighteen in school and public librarian settings, and suggests a research agenda for future scholars. (Contains 144 references.) (LRW)

  5. Chapter 4 Interviewing and Reviewing Applicants 4.01 Interviewing Applicant's for Classified Service

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Chapter 4 Interviewing and Reviewing Applicants 4.01 Interviewing Applicant's for Classified the Classified Personnel Office. This certified list is composed of individuals who have passed a Civil Service's for Classified Service employment. If you need assistance or accommodation to interview because of a disability

  6. Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Library Service: A Review of the Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joyce, Steven

    2000-01-01

    A review of relevant library literature suggests that public library service to lesbian, gay, and bisexual people is poor. Offers ten suggestions to improve library services to these groups and discusses user studies; access, including classification and cataloging; library holdings; and social responsibility versus professional neutrality.…

  7. PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-print Network

    PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service Investigations During 1961 AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Circular 167 #12;oG~ OF THE INTERIOR, STEhAR"f L. CDALL, SECRETARY Frank P. Briggs, Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife Fish

  8. The Production and Archiving of Navigation and Ancillary Data for the Galileo Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, J.; Clarke, T.

    1994-01-01

    The Galileo Mission to Jupiter is using the SPICE formats developed by the Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility, a node of the Planetary Data System, to archive its navigation and ancillary data.

  9. Student Service Members/Veterans in Higher Education: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Adam E.; Whiteman, Shawn D.; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

    2014-01-01

    We systematically reviewed the data-based peer-reviewed research examining student service members/veterans (SSM/V) in higher education. Compared to civilian peers, SSM/V exhibit disproportionately higher rates of health risk behaviors and psychological symptoms, and personal and educational adjustment difficulties (i.e., inability to connect with…

  10. A Forgotten Sector; The Training of Ancillary Staff in Hospitals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Duncan N.

    A study was made, in England and Wales, of training needs of hospital ancillary staff; it concentrated on a group of hospitals in each of six Hospital Regions. In addition, information was collected at the national level and brief visits were made in other regions. Findings showed large differences in staffing between hospitals of similar types,…

  11. 78 FR 77125 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board; Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    ...Cherry, Director, Office of Management and International Services, Office of International and Tribal Affairs Alexis Strauss-Hacker, Deputy Regional Administrator, Region 9 Dated: December 9, 2013. Nanci E. Gelb, Deputy Assistant Administrator,...

  12. Service/Support Program Areas for External Program Review Advancement

    E-print Network

    Waits, Lisette

    /Distance Learning Distributed Learning Engineering Outreach Independent Study Residence Instructional Centers Distributed/Distance Learning Enrichment Cooperative Extension Districts I, II, III and IV Executive Areas Research Park Finance and Administration Administrative Affairs DFA IT Business & Accounting Services

  13. 78 FR 28243 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ...serve as members of the Performance Review Board for the National Capital Planning Commission: Deidre Flippen, Mary Johnson, Jeff Thomas and Richard E. Tontodonato from August 01, 2013 to August 01, 2015. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Deborah...

  14. 76 FR 29013 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ...serve as members of the Performance Review Board for the National Capital Planning Commission: Deidre Flippen, Mary Johnson, Jeff Thomas and Raymond J. Wollman from July 01, 2011 to July 01, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Phyllis A....

  15. Moral Reasoning of In-Service and Pre-Service Teachers: A Review of the Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummings, Rhoda; Harlow, Steve; Maddux, Cleborne D.

    2007-01-01

    Although concerns about the moral domain of teaching have been expressed for more than 30 years, empirical studies investigating moral reasoning of in-service and pre-service teachers are sparse. Even fewer studies have investigated the effectiveness of educational interventions to advance moral reasoning in these populations. The purpose of this…

  16. Web Service Composition Systems for the Web Service Challenge - A Detailed Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Weise; Steffen Bleul; Kurt Geihs

    This report gives a detailed discussion on the system, algorithms, and techniques that we have applied in order to solve the Web Ser- vice Challenges (WSC) of the years 2006 and 2007. These international contests are focused on semantic web service composition. In each chal- lenge of the contests, a repository of web services is given. The input and output

  17. Unanticipated Consequences: Thinking About Ancillary Benefits and Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Mitigation

    SciTech Connect

    Edmonds, James A.

    2005-03-31

    Recently there has been interest in the “ancillary benefits” of potential policies to address climate change. Ancillary benefits occur whenever a policy to address climate change also results in a reduction in some conventional pollutant. Framing the problem in terms of ancillary benefits is too narrow. In general implementation of any policy can have consequences for unpriced environmental externalities that extend beyond the original target of the policy. These ancillary consequences can be either positive, negative, or mixed. This is the inevitable implication of undertaking policy in a non-linear world. In this essay we explore some of the ancillary benefits and costs of addressing climate change.

  18. European air transport public service obligations: a periodic review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aisling Reynolds-Feighan

    1995-01-01

    The ‘Third Package’ of European Union air transport liberalisation measures came into effect on 1 January 1993 and has substantially reduced the restrictions on interstate flight operations. The package of measures also includes provision for the member states to impose ‘public service obligations’ on low-density routes which were deemed necessary for the purposes of regional development. In this paper, it

  19. Operational Downscaling of Soil Moisture Fields Using Ancillary Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, G.; Barros, A. P.

    2001-05-01

    The scaling analysis of large-scale soil moisture data from the Southern Great Plains Hydrology experiment (SGP'97) showed that the scaling behavior of soil moisture is multifractal varying with the scale of observations and hydroclimatological conditions which can be explained with scaling behavior of soil hydraulic properties. These results suggested that it should be possible to use the spatial patterns of ancillary data at high resolution such as the sand content of soils as spatial basis functions for downscaling. This hypothesis was investigated by applying a modified fractal interpolation method for downscaling soil moisture from the SGP'97 experiment using ancillary data. The methodology should be especially useful for downscaling large-scale remotely-sensed estimates of soil moisture (e.g. AMSR) to the scales of operational hydrologic models.

  20. Field Demonstration of Steam Drive With Ancillary Materials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. M. Doscher; E. C. Hammershaimb

    1982-01-01

    CLF Group Inc, and the U.S. DOE are conducting field demonstration tests on the use of ancillary materials to improve the efficiency of conventional steam drive. Laboratory tests were conducted to identify surfactants with the best foam-blocking potential, as well as optimal techniques for injecting the foaming materials. The first field test of foam injection with a five-spot pattern in

  1. Do Online Mental Health Services Improve Help-Seeking for Young People? A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Mangan, Cheryl; Sanci, Lena

    2014-01-01

    Background Young people regularly use online services to seek help and look for information about mental health problems. Yet little is known about the effects that online services have on mental health and whether these services facilitate help-seeking in young people. Objective This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of online services in facilitating mental health help-seeking in young people. Methods Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, literature searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane library. Out of 608 publications identified, 18 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria of investigating online mental health services and help-seeking in young people aged 14-25 years. Results Two qualitative, 12 cross-sectional, one quasi-experimental, and three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were reviewed. There was no change in help-seeking behavior found in the RCTs, while the quasi-experimental study found a slight but significant increase in help-seeking. The cross-sectional studies reported that online services facilitated seeking help from a professional source for an average of 35% of users. The majority of the studies included small sample sizes and a high proportion of young women. Help-seeking was often a secondary outcome, with only 22% (4/18) of studies using adequate measures of help-seeking. The majority of studies identified in this review were of low quality and likely to be biased. Across all studies, young people regularly used and were generally satisfied with online mental health resources. Facilitators and barriers to help-seeking were also identified. Conclusions Few studies examine the effects of online services on mental health help-seeking. Further research is needed to determine whether online mental health services effectively facilitate help-seeking for young people. PMID:24594922

  2. Health status in the ambulance services: a systematic review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Sterud; Øivind Ekeberg; Erlend Hem

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Researchers have become increasingly aware that ambulance personnel may be at risk of developing work-related health problems. This article systematically explores the literature on health problems and work-related and individual health predictors in the ambulance services. METHODS: We identified the relevant empirical literature by searching several electronic databases including Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and ISI Web of Science. Other

  3. Transition Services for Youth with Autism: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westbrook, John D.; Fong, Carlton J.; Nye, Chad; Williams, Ann; Wendt, Oliver; Cortopassi, Tara

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: As the number of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) rises, attention is increasingly focused on employment outcomes for individuals with ASD who are exiting public school settings. This review aimed to identify what works in transition programs to help students with ASD obtain competitive employment after…

  4. Engaging fathers in child protection services: A review of factors and strategies across ecological systems

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, Derrick M.; Oliveros, Arazais; Hawes, Samuel W.; Iwamoto, Derek K.; Rayford, Brett S.

    2014-01-01

    Current policy regarding child protection services places increasing demands for providers to engage fathers whose children are involved in the child protection process. This requisite brings to the fore the ongoing challenges that fathers have historically faced in working within these systems. Despite this need, there is little empirical evidence regarding the factors and strategies that impact the engagement of fathers in interventions relevant to child protection services. This comprehensive and systemic review synthesizes the available literature regarding factors and strategies that may foster paternal involvement in the child protection system and their services. We organize the literature concerning paternal engagement in child and family services around an ecological model that examines paternal engagement from individual, family, service provider, program, community, and policy levels. We consider factors and strategies along a continuum of engagement through intent to enroll, enrollment, and retention. This review advances theory by elucidating key factors that foster father engagement. The review also highlights the gaps in the literature and provides strategies for how researchers can address these areas. Future directions in the arenas of practice and policy are discussed. PMID:25232202

  5. PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES, 1963 A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-print Network

    PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES, 1963 A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service Investigations During "ence F. Pau zke, Commissloner dllfe, Daniel H. Janzen, Director , 0 nald I. cKernan, Director PESTICIDE. Mollusks .. Fish ·.... Chronic exposure of fish to pesticides. Bioassay techniques .. Residue studies

  6. Engine Tune-up Service. Unit 2: Charging System. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Roger L.; Bacon, E. Miles

    This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 2, Charging System, available separately as CE 031 208. Focus of the exercises and pretests is testing the charging system. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the three performance objectives contained in…

  7. Nontrauma helicopter emergency medical services transport: Annotated review of selected outcomes-related literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen H. Thomas; Farah Cheema; Melissa Cumming; Suzanne K. Wedel; David Thomson

    2002-01-01

    While helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) has its roots in military transport of wounded soldiers, rotor-wing transport is also used for a wide variety of nontrauma indications. Despite this common use of HEMS for noninjured patients, a Medline search found little systematic review of the literature pertinent to HEMS use for nontrauma. With HEMS utilization subject to appropriately increased scrutiny,

  8. Trauma helicopter emergency medical services transport: Annotated review of selected outcomes-related literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen H. Thomas; Farah Cheema; Suzanne K. Wedel; David Thomson

    2002-01-01

    Based on its roots in military air evacuation, helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) has always been emphasized as a tool for trauma transportation. Despite much discussion regarding resource allocation for HEMS, a literature search found little recent systematic review of pertinent studies. As HEMS utilization is subject to increased scrutiny in a health care dollar-conscious environment, it was felt that

  9. AN OPTIMIZED DESIGN FOR THE NSLS 53 MHZ RF CAVITIES AND THE ANCILLARY COMPONENTS.

    SciTech Connect

    MORTAZAVI,P.

    2002-09-05

    RF cavities are among the most complex components of a particle accelerator. They perform optimally when all electrical, mechanical and vacuum requirements are fully integrated. This paper focuses on the mechanical design features of the new 53MHz room-temperature RF cavities (including their ancillary components) for the X-ray Ring at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). Differences between the new and previous designs of the RF cavities, input couplers, Higher-Order-Mode (HOM) dampers, and cooling and vacuum systems are reviewed. Thus far, two out of four units have already been constructed, tested, and installed into the X-Ray ring, and two additional RF cavities are planned. The features incorporated into the new all-copper RF cavities have already demonstrated superior performance over the original copper-plated steel design. The operating performance results along with some of manufacturing challenges are presented.

  10. Accounting for ecosystem services in life cycle assessment, Part I: a critical review.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yi; Singh, Shweta; Bakshi, Bhavik R

    2010-04-01

    If life cycle oriented methods are to encourage sustainable development, they must account for the role of ecosystem goods and services, since these form the basis of planetary activities and human well-being. This article reviews methods that are relevant to accounting for the role of nature and that could be integrated into life cycle oriented approaches. These include methods developed by ecologists for quantifying ecosystem services, by ecological economists for monetary valuation, and life cycle methods such as conventional life cycle assessment, thermodynamic methods for resource accounting such as exergy and emergy analysis, variations of the ecological footprint approach, and human appropriation of net primary productivity. Each approach has its strengths: economic methods are able to quantify the value of cultural services; LCA considers emissions and assesses their impact; emergy accounts for supporting services in terms of cumulative exergy; and ecological footprint is intuitively appealing and considers biocapacity. However, no method is able to consider all the ecosystem services, often due to the desire to aggregate all resources in terms of a single unit. This review shows that comprehensive accounting for ecosystem services in LCA requires greater integration among existing methods, hierarchical schemes for interpreting results via multiple levels of aggregation, and greater understanding of the role of ecosystems in supporting human activities. These present many research opportunities that must be addressed to meet the challenges of sustainability. PMID:20178382

  11. ADHD and transitions to adult mental health services: a scoping review.

    PubMed

    Swift, K D; Sayal, K; Hollis, C

    2014-11-01

    There is increased awareness that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continues into adulthood. Thus, health services are faced with a new challenge in providing a 'smooth' transition to adult services appropriate for young people with ADHD. This scoping review sought to identify the literature addressing transition for young people with ADHD to adult mental health services (AMHS). A scoping review, in which the search terms 'ADHD' and 'Transition' or 'Transfer' were entered into eight healthcare publication databases facilitated by NHS Evidence to identify both published and unpublished papers between 2000 and June 2013. Additional informal searches were also undertaken. Twenty-three papers were selected for this review. This review confirms the lack of research explicitly tracking transition from Paediatrics/Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) to AMHS for young people with ADHD. Only four papers directly studying transition for ADHD patients were identified. Three further studies surveyed clinician perspectives. Taken together, the studies address a number of issues in relation to transition, including the developmental course of ADHD symptoms, appropriate adult care, knowledge and communication, unmet need, comorbidities, environmental demands and medication cessation/dosage during the transition period. While literature surrounding transition exists, the scope of the evidence showing successful and unsuccessful transition activity from Paediatric and CAMHS to AMHS for young people with ADHD is limited. Future quality research in the form of audits, longitudinal tracking studies and service evaluations are required if we are truly to understand and identify what is needed and currently available for successful transition to an appropriate adult service for ADHD patients. PMID:24164052

  12. Improving Public Child Welfare Agency Performance in the Context of the Federal Child and Family Services Reviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orlebeke, Britany; Wulczyn, Fred; Mitchell-Herzfeld, Susan

    2005-01-01

    The Child and Family Service Reviews (CFSR) conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services are a critical step towards improving the nation's child welfare services. However, although the federal emphasis on outcomes has helped to accelerate state interest in performance measurement, both the federal effort to measure performance and…

  13. National Ignition Facility sub-system design requirements ancillary systems SSDR 1.5.6

    SciTech Connect

    Spann, J.; Reed, R.; VanArsdall, P.; Bliss, E.

    1996-09-01

    This System Design Requirement document establishes the performance, design, development, and test requirements for the Ancillary Systems, which is part of the NIF Integrated Computer Control System (ICCS).

  14. Effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 1

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background With the move to community care and increased involvement of generalist health care providers in mental health, the need for health service partnerships has been emphasised in mental health policy. Within existing health system structures the active strategies that facilitate effective partnership linkages are not clear. The objective of this study was to examine the evidence from peer reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care. Methods A narrative and thematic review of English language papers published between 1998 and 2009. Studies of analytic, descriptive and qualitative designs from Australia, New Zealand, UK, Europe, USA and Canada were included. Data were extracted to examine what service linkages have been used in studies of collaboration in primary mental health care. Findings from the randomised trials were tabulated to show the proportion that demonstrated clinical, service delivery and economic benefits. Results A review of 119 studies found ten linkage types. Most studies used a combination of linkage types and so the 42 RCTs were grouped into four broad linkage categories for meaningful descriptive analysis of outcomes. Studies that used multiple linkage strategies from the suite of "direct collaborative activities" plus "agreed guidelines" plus "communication systems" showed positive clinical (81%), service (78%) and economic (75%) outcomes. Most evidence of effectiveness came from studies of depression. Long term benefits were attributed to medication concordance and the use of case managers with a professional background who received expert supervision. There were fewer randomised trials related to collaborative care of people with psychosis and there were almost none related to collaboration with the wider human service sectors. Because of the variability of study types we did not exclude on quality or attempt to weight findings according to power or effect size. Conclusion There is strong evidence to support collaborative primary mental health care for people with depression when linkages involve "direct collaborative activity", plus "agreed guidelines" and "communication systems". PMID:21481236

  15. Histopathological Diagnostic Discrepancies in Soft Tissue Tumours Referred to a Specialist Centre: Reassessment in the Era of Ancillary Molecular Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Thway, Khin; Mubako, Taka

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Soft tissue tumour pathology is a highly specialised area of surgical pathology, but soft tissue neoplasms can occur at virtually all sites and are therefore encountered by a wide population of surgical pathologists. Potential sarcomas require referral to specialist centres for review by pathologists who see a large number of soft tissue lesions and where appropriate ancillary investigations can be performed. We have previously assessed the types of diagnostic discrepancies between referring and final diagnosis for soft tissue lesions referred to our tertiary centre. We now reaudit this 6 years later, assessing changes in discrepancy patterns, particularly in relation to the now widespread use of ancillary molecular diagnostic techniques which were not prevalent in our original study. Materials and Methods. We compared the sarcoma unit's histopathology reports with referring reports on 348 specimens from 286 patients with suspected or proven soft tissue tumours in a one-year period. Results. Diagnostic agreement was seen in 250 cases (71.8%), with 57 (16.4%) major and 41 (11.8%) minor discrepancies. There were 23 cases of benign/malignant discrepancies (23.5% of all discrepancies). 50 ancillary molecular tests were performed, 33 for aiding diagnosis and 17 mutational analyses for gastrointestinal stromal tumour to guide therapy. Findings from ancillary techniques contributed to 3 major and 4 minor discrepancies. While the results were broadly similar to those of the previous study, there was an increase in frequency of major discrepancies. Conclusion. Six years following our previous study and notably now in an era of widespread ancillary molecular diagnosis, the overall discrepancy rate between referral and tertiary centre diagnosis remains similar, but there is an increase in frequency of major discrepancies likely to alter patient management. A possible reason for the increase in major discrepancies is the increasing lack of exposure to soft tissue cases in nonspecialist centres in a time of subspecialisation. The findings support the national guidelines in which all suspected soft tissue tumour pathology specimens should be referred to a specialist sarcoma unit. PMID:25165418

  16. [The systematic review of the social services legislative regulation among elderly citizens and disabled persons in Russian Federation].

    PubMed

    Bashkireva, A S; Shestakov, V P; Svintsov, A A; Raduto, V I; Bogdanov, E A; Chernova, G I; Cherniakina, T S

    2014-01-01

    The systematic review and data analysis of the social services legislative regulation among elderly citizens and disabled persons in Russian Federation was submitted. The structure of the consolidated legislation on social services among citizens of advanced age was defined. The Russian legislative database in all subjects of the Russian Federation was analyzed. Analytical results thus obtained made it possible to designate the subjective rights of elderly citizens in the field of social services, the lists of bases for providing social services, different kinds of these services according to the consolidated legislation in all subjects of the Russian Federation, and various legal organizational forms providing these social services also. PMID:25306662

  17. Impact of helicopter emergency medical services in major incidents: systematic literature review

    PubMed Central

    Johnsen, Anne Siri; Fattah, Sabina; Sollid, Stephen J M; Rehn, Marius

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) aim to bring highly specialised crews to the major incident for triage, treatment and transport. When the site is difficult to access, HEMS may be the only mode of transportation of both personnel and patients. This systematic review will identify, describe and appraise literature regarding the role of HEMS in medical response to major incidents. We aim to improve knowledge on HEMS role in a major incident and provide a basis for future research. Methods and analysis A systematic literature review will be conducted with search phrases that combine HEMS and major incidents to identify when and how HEMS have been used. Included literature will be subject to quality appraisal and data extraction. Ethics No ethical approval is sought because this is a literature review. It will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal and the PRISMA guidelines will be followed. Registration details PROSPERO CRD42013004473 PMID:23959759

  18. Music therapy services in pediatric oncology: a national clinical practice review.

    PubMed

    Tucquet, Belinda; Leung, Maggie

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results of a national clinical practice review conducted in Australia of music therapy services in pediatric oncology hospitals. Literature specifically related to music therapy and symptom management in pediatric oncology is reviewed. The results from a national benchmarking survey distributed to all music therapists working with children with cancer in Australian pediatric hospitals are discussed. Patient and family feedback provided from a quality improvement activity conducted at a major pediatric tertiary hospital is summarized, and considerations for future growth as a profession and further research is proposed. PMID:25027188

  19. Early intervention services, cognitive–behavioural therapy and family intervention in early psychosis: systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Bird, Victoria; Premkumar, Preethi; Kendall, Tim; Whittington, Craig; Mitchell, Jonathan; Kuipers, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Background Early intervention services for psychosis aim to detect emergent symptoms, reduce the duration of untreated psychosis, and improve access to effective treatments. Aims To evaluate the effectiveness of early intervention services, cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT) and family intervention in early psychosis. Method Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of early intervention services, CBT and family intervention for people with early psychosis. Results Early intervention services reduced hospital admission, relapse rates and symptom severity, and improved access to and engagement with treatment. Used alone, family intervention reduced relapse and hospital admission rates, whereas CBT reduced the severity of symptoms with little impact on relapse or hospital admission. Conclusions For people with early psychosis, early intervention services appear to have clinically important benefits over standard care. Including CBT and family intervention within the service may contribute to improved outcomes in this critical period. The longer-term benefits of this approach and its component treatments for people with early and established psychosis need further research. PMID:21037211

  20. Burnout in Mental Health Services: A Review of the Problem and Its Remediation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary MorseMichelle; Michelle P. Salyers; Angela L. Rollins; Maria Monroe-DeVita; Corey Pfahler

    Staff burnout is increasingly viewed as a concern in the mental health field. In this article we first examine the extent\\u000a to which burnout is a problem for mental health services in terms of two critical issues: its prevalence and its association\\u000a with a range of undesirable outcomes for staff, organizations, and consumers. We subsequently provide a comprehensive review\\u000a of

  1. Effectiveness of School-Based Mental Health Services for Children: A 10Year Research Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberly Hoagwood; Holly D. Erwin

    1997-01-01

    A review of the literature from 1985 to 1995 on school-based mental health services for children was conducted using a computerized data-base search. Of the 5,046 references initially identified, 228 were program evaluations. Three inclusion criteria were applied to those studies: use of random assignment to the intervention; inclusion of a control group; and use of standardized outcome measures. Only

  2. Salivary diagnostics using a portable point-of-service platform: a review.

    PubMed

    Khanna, Prarthana; Walt, David R

    2015-03-01

    Clinical diagnostics can be improved by faster and more accessible disease detection. Our laboratory has developed a point-of-service (POS) device capable of rapid, sensitive, automated, and multiplexed biomarker detection that uses human saliva instead of other biofluids. Here, we review the technology that led to the development of this POS device. This POS technology can advance clinical diagnostics by saving time because of faster diagnosis, saving money because of a shorter hospital stay, and ultimately improving clinical care. PMID:25732629

  3. A review of health interpreter services in a rural community: a total quality management approach.

    PubMed

    Giacomelli, J

    1997-08-01

    The current focus in health care is on total quality management (TQM), a process that involves ongoing quality improvement and benefits both internal and external customers. In order to comply with the values of TQM, the Griffith Murrumbidgee Health Service set up a team to review the use of interpreters in a healthcare setting. Staff from a number of wards/units filled out a survey sheet regarding interpreter services for each patient/client presenting for service during a 1-month period. The results showed that (i) there was a marked tendency by staff to use non-accredited interpreters; and (ii) staff who used non-accredited interpreters tended to inappropriately assess patient/client interpreting needs and to be unfamiliar with the Health Care Interpreter Policy. The TQM team subsequently devised several strategies for change. PMID:9437944

  4. How Variability in the IRB Review Process Impacts Minimal-Risk Multisite Health Services Research

    PubMed Central

    Petersen, Laura A.; Simpson, Kate; SoRelle, Richard; Urech, Tracy; Chitwood, Supicha Sookanan

    2014-01-01

    Background The Department of Health and Human Services recently called for public comment on human subjects research protections. Objective (1) To assess variability in reviews across Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) for a multisite minimal risk trial of financial incentives for evidence-based hypertension care. (2) To quantify the impact of review determinations on site participation, budget, and timeline. Design A natural experiment occurring from multiple IRBs reviewing the same protocol for a multicenter trial (May 2005–October 2007). Participants 25 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VAMCs). Measurements Number of submissions, time to approval, and costs were evaluated. We compared patient complexity, academic affiliation, size, and location (urban/rural) between participating and non-participating VAMCs. Results Of 25 eligible VAMCs, 6 did not meet requirements for IRB review, and 2 declined participation. Of 17 applications, 14 were approved. This process required 115 submissions, lasted 27 months, and cost close to $170,000 in staff salaries. One IRB’s concern about incentivizing a particular medication recommended by national guidelines prompted a change in our design to broaden our inclusion criteria beyond uncomplicated hypertension. The change required amending the protocol at 14 sites to preserve internal validity. The IRBs that approved the protocol classified it as “minimal risk”. The 12 sites that ultimately participated in the trial were more likely to be urban, academically affiliated, and care for more complex patients, limiting the external validity of the trial’s findings. Limitations Because data came from a single multisite trial in the VA, which uses a two-stage review process, generalizability is limited. Conclusions Complying with IRB requirements for this minimal risk study required substantial resources and threatened the study’s internal and external validity. The current review of regulatory requirements may address some of the problems. Primary Funding Sources Veterans Affairs Health Services Research & Development and National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute PMID:22586010

  5. A systematic review of economic analyses of telehealth services using real time video communication

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Telehealth is the delivery of health care at a distance, using information and communication technology. The major rationales for its introduction have been to decrease costs, improve efficiency and increase access in health care delivery. This systematic review assesses the economic value of one type of telehealth delivery - synchronous or real time video communication - rather than examining a heterogeneous range of delivery modes as has been the case with previous reviews in this area. Methods A systematic search was undertaken for economic analyses of the clinical use of telehealth, ending in June 2009. Studies with patient outcome data and a non-telehealth comparator were included. Cost analyses, non-comparative studies and those where patient satisfaction was the only health outcome were excluded. Results 36 articles met the inclusion criteria. 22(61%) of the studies found telehealth to be less costly than the non-telehealth alternative, 11(31%) found greater costs and 3 (9%) gave the same or mixed results. 23 of the studies took the perspective of the health services, 12 were societal, and one was from the patient perspective. In three studies of telehealth to rural areas, the health services paid more for telehealth, but due to savings in patient travel, the societal perspective demonstrated cost savings. In regard to health outcomes, 12 (33%) of studies found improved health outcomes, 21 (58%) found outcomes were not significantly different, 2(6%) found that telehealth was less effective, and 1 (3%) found outcomes differed according to patient group. The organisational model of care was more important in determining the value of the service than the clinical discipline, the type of technology, or the date of the study. Conclusion Delivery of health services by real time video communication was cost-effective for home care and access to on-call hospital specialists, showed mixed results for rural service delivery, and was not cost-effective for local delivery of services between hospitals and primary care. PMID:20696073

  6. A Review on influencing criteria for selecting supplier of information technology services in the hospital.

    PubMed

    Ajami, Sima; Rajabzadeh, Ahmad; Ketabi, Saeedeh

    2014-01-01

    Organizations try to outsource their activities as much as possible in order to prevent the problems and use organizational capabilities in Information Technology (IT) field. The purpose of this paper was first, to express the effective criteria for selecting suppliers of IT services, second, to explain the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing IT in hospitals. This study was narrative review, which search was conducted with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, and databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, and SID (Scientific Information Database). In our searches, we employed the following keywords and their combinations: Outsourcing, information technology, hospital, decision making, and criteria. The preliminary search resulted in 120 articles, which were published between 2000 and 2013 during July 2013. After a careful analysis of the content of each paper, a total of 46 papers were selected based on their relevancy. The criteria and sub-criteria influencing outsourcing decisions in Iranian hospitals were identified in six major categories including administrative issues, issues related to the service/product, technology factors, environmental factors, risks, and economic factors associated with 15 sub-criteria containing business integration, dependence on suppliers, human resources, focus on core competencies, facilities and physical capital, innovation, quality, speed of service delivery, flexibility, market capabilities, geographical location, security, management control, cost, and financial capability. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing and effective criteria in IT services supplier selection causes the managers be able to take the most appropriate decision to select supplier of IT services. This is a general review on influencing criteria for electing of supplier of information technology services in hospitals. PMID:25540781

  7. Public Attitudes Towards Ancillary Information Revealed by Pharmacogenetic Testing Under Limited Information Conditions

    PubMed Central

    O’Daniel, Julianne M.; Tindall, Genevieve M.; Lipkus, Isaac R.; Agans, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Purpose Pharmacogenetic (PGx) testing can inform drug dosing and selection by aiding in estimating a patient’s genetic risk of adverse response and/or failure to respond. Some PGx tests may generate ancillary clinical information unrelated to the drug treatment question for which testing is done – an informational “side effect.” We aimed to assess public interest and concerns about PGx tests and ancillary information. Methods We conducted a random-digit-dial phone survey of a sample of the U.S. public. Results We achieved an overall response rate of 42% (n=1,139). When the potential for ancillary information was presented, 85% (±2.82%) of respondents expressed interest in PGx testing, compared to 82% (±3.02%) prior to discussion of ancillary information. Most respondents (89%±2.27%) indicated that physicians should inform patients that a PGx test may reveal ancillary risk information before testing is ordered. Respondents’ interest in actually learning of the ancillary risk finding significantly differed based on disease severity, availability of an intervention, and test validity, even after adjusting for age, gender, education and race. Conclusion Under the limited information conditions presented in the survey, the potential of ancillary information does not negatively impact public interest in PGx testing. Interest in learning ancillary information is well-aligned with the public’s desire to be informed about potential benefits and risks prior to testing, promoting patient autonomy. PMID:21633294

  8. Field demonstration of steam drive with ancillary materials

    SciTech Connect

    Doscher, T.M.; Hammershaimb, E.C.

    1982-07-01

    CLF Group Inc, and the U.S. DOE are conducting field demonstration tests on the use of ancillary materials to improve the efficiency of conventional steam drive. Laboratory tests were conducted to identify surfactants with the best foam-blocking potential, as well as optimal techniques for injecting the foaming materials. The first field test of foam injection with a five-spot pattern in the Midway-Sunset field was conducted the second year. Radioactive tracers were used to determine the extent of the thief zone before surfactant was injected. The year-long injection of foam with steam resulted in a significant improvement in the recovery of oil, estimated at 30,000 bbl from the pattern wells and 50,000 bbl from the wells outside the pattern.

  9. A critical interpretive review of the applicability of `candidacy' as a concept in understanding access to public services.

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    ' as a concept in understanding access to public services. Mhairi Mackenzie, Ellie, developed originally in the health field(Dixon-Woods et al, 2005), to other public-reviewed publication (Mackenzie et al, 2012 ­ abstract below) that will be returned

  10. Paying general practitioners: shedding light on the review of health services.

    PubMed Central

    Donaldson, C; Gerard, K

    1989-01-01

    This paper reviews evidence from recent research on the effects of different methods of remunerating general practitioners. Each method is examined in terms of patient use of health services in general, use of services by different groups in society and health outcome. Little is known about the effects of capitation as it currently exists in the UK, salaries or special payments for 'good practice', although evidence from British research is likely to be forthcoming on the last of these. Both health maintenance organizations and charges deter utilization, although little is known about the effect of this reduced demand. Furthermore, these two methods of financing health care appear to discriminate between members of society on lower and higher incomes in terms of both service use and health outcome. Fees for items of service provided tend to lead to unnecessary demands for fee yielding services by patients on the recommendation of their doctors. Although more evidence on different methods of remuneration is required, the importance of what is already known depends on the objectives of health care provision. PMID:2555489

  11. Foreign direct investment and trade in health services: a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Smith, Richard D

    2004-12-01

    Globalization is a key challenge facing health policy-makers. A significant aspect of this is direct trade in health services, a result of the rise of transnational corporations, challenges in health care financing, porous borders and improved technology creating the scope for increased 'foreign direct investment' (FDI) in health care. This has gathered momentum with the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), which aims to further liberalize trade in services, and within which FDI has been noted as perhaps the most critical area for trade negotiation. Given the rapid development of this area, there are little empirical data. This paper therefore seeks to provide the first comprehensive and systematic review of evidence concerning FDI and health services. This process included electronic bibliographic database searches, website searches and correspondence with experts in the area of trade in health services, from which 76 papers, books and reports were reviewed. Perhaps due to the rapid developments in this area, most of the literature is speculative, polarized between those arguing for the benefits of liberalization and those arguing against. However, there seem to be three issues which emerge as of most importance: (i) the extent to which a national health system is commercialized per se is of more significance than whether investment in it is foreign or domestic; (ii) the national regulatory environment and its 'strength' will significantly determine the economic and health impact of FDI, the effectiveness of safeguard measures, and the stability of GATS commitments; and (iii) any negotiations will depend upon parties having a common understanding of what is being negotiated, and the interpretation of key definitions is thus critical. Each of these issues is explored in some depth, with the overall conclusion that countries should take a step back and first think through the risks and benefits of commercialization of their health sector, rather than being sidetracked in to considering the level of foreign investment. PMID:15450706

  12. A Review of the Services Offered by English Sure Start Children's Centres in 2011 and 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, James; Eisenstadt, Naomi; Sylva, Kathy; Smith, Teresa; Sammons, Pamela; Smith, George; Evangelou, Maria; Goff, Jenny; Tanner, Emily; Agur, Maya; Hussey, David

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a review of the family services that were offered by a sample of 121 English Sure Start Children's Centres in 2011 and 2012. Children's Centres are community based facilities that aim to improve outcomes for at-risk families and children through the delivery of a range of services largely aimed at families with young…

  13. Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4, Oct. 2004.

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    arise out of the structural transformations of our economy, and that the focus of attention shouldDemand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4 the relevance of the demand-side approach to the development of a service economy. Its starts by addressing some

  14. Implications of Learning Theories for Effective Technology Integration and Pre-service Teacher Training: A Critical Literature Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mustafa Koç

    2005-01-01

    This review will explore the influences of technology integration into pre-service teacher education programs from the constructivist and behaviorist perspectives for the ultimate aim of improving student learning and pre-service teacher training. A wide range of research is cited, including research articles, books, comparison studies, case studies, government records, dissertations and web sites. The study concludes that technology integration representing

  15. Practitioner Review: How Can Epidemiology Help Us Plan and Deliver Effective Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Tamsin

    2008-01-01

    This review focuses on ways in which epidemiological research can inform mental health service development and clinical practice. Data from epidemiological studies can provide cross-sectional and secular estimates of the prevalence of psychopathology to support rational service development. Epidemiological surveys have difficulties in finding…

  16. Reducing Health Inequalities in Scotland: The Involvement of People with Learning Disabilities as National Health Service Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Martin; Martin, Mike

    2010-01-01

    Reducing health inequalities is a key priority for the Scottish Government. Health authorities are expected to meet quality targets. The involvement of people with learning disabilities in health service review teams has been one of the initiatives used in by National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland to empower patients and improve…

  17. Ethnic Factors in Mental Health Service Utilisation among People with Intellectual Disability in High-Income Countries: Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dura-Vila, G.; Hodes, M.

    2012-01-01

    Background: An emerging literature suggests that ethnic and cultural factors influence service utilisation among people with intellectual disability (ID), but this has not previously been reviewed. Aims: To investigate possible ethnic variation in uptake of mental health services in children, adolescents and adults with ID in high-income…

  18. Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adoption & Fostering, 1994

    1994-01-01

    Reviews 17 publications covering a variety of topics including abused disabled children; child placement; helping attachment disordered children; open adoption; family empowerment; teenage fostering; the Children Act of 1989 (Great Britain); family law; social services and child care law; and challenging racism in the early years. (TJQ)

  19. Building effective service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 2

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Primary care services have not generally been effective in meeting mental health care needs. There is evidence that collaboration between primary care and specialist mental health services can improve clinical and organisational outcomes. It is not clear however what factors enable or hinder effective collaboration. The objective of this study was to examine the factors that enable effective collaboration between specialist mental health services and primary mental health care. Methods A narrative and thematic review of English language papers published between 1998 and 2009. An expert reference group helped formulate strategies for policy makers. Studies of descriptive and qualitative design from Australia, New Zealand, UK, Europe, USA and Canada were included. Data were extracted on factors reported as enablers or barriers to development of service linkages. These were tabulated by theme at clinical and organisational levels and the inter-relationship between themes was explored. Results A thematic analysis of 30 papers found the most frequently cited group of factors was "partnership formation", specifically role clarity between health care workers. Other factor groups supporting clinical partnership formation were staff support, clinician attributes, clinic physical features and evaluation and feedback. At the organisational level a supportive institutional environment of leadership and change management was important. The expert reference group then proposed strategies for collaboration that would be seen as important, acceptable and feasible. Because of the variability of study types we did not exclude on quality and findings are weighted by the number of studies. Variability in local service contexts limits the generalisation of findings. Conclusion The findings provide a framework for health planners to develop effective service linkages in primary mental health care. Our expert reference group proposed five areas of strategy for policy makers that address organisational level support, joint clinical problem solving, local joint care guidelines, staff training and supervision and feedback. PMID:21435273

  20. The effectiveness of M-health technologies for improving health and health services: a systematic review protocol

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline Free; Gemma Phillips; Lambert Felix; Leandro Galli; Vikram Patel; Philip Edwards

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The application of mobile computing and communication technology is rapidly expanding in the fields of health care and public health. This systematic review will summarise the evidence for the effectiveness of mobile technology interventions for improving health and health service outcomes (M-health) around the world. FINDINGS: To be included in the review interventions must aim to improve or promote

  1. Financial incentives for return of service in underserved areas: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Bärnighausen, Till; Bloom, David E

    2009-01-01

    Background In many geographic regions, both in developing and in developed countries, the number of health workers is insufficient to achieve population health goals. Financial incentives for return of service are intended to alleviate health worker shortages: A (future) health worker enters into a contract to work for a number of years in an underserved area in exchange for a financial pay-off. Methods We carried out systematic literature searches of PubMed, the Excerpta Medica database, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the National Health Services Economic Evaluation Database for studies evaluating outcomes of financial-incentive programs published up to February 2009. To identify articles for review, we combined three search themes (health workers or students, underserved areas, and financial incentives). In the initial search, we identified 10,495 unique articles, 10,302 of which were excluded based on their titles or abstracts. We conducted full-text reviews of the remaining 193 articles and of 26 additional articles identified in reference lists or by colleagues. Forty-three articles were included in the final review. We extracted from these articles information on the financial-incentive programs (name, location, period of operation, objectives, target groups, definition of underserved area, financial incentives and obligation) and information on the individual studies (authors, publication dates, types of study outcomes, study design, sample criteria and sample size, data sources, outcome measures and study findings, conclusions, and methodological limitations). We reviewed program results (descriptions of recruitment, retention, and participant satisfaction), program effects (effectiveness in influencing health workers to provide care, to remain, and to be satisfied with work and personal life in underserved areas), and program impacts (effectiveness in influencing health systems and health outcomes). Results Of the 43 reviewed studies 34 investigated financial-incentive programs in the US. The remaining studies evaluated programs in Japan (five studies), Canada (two), New Zealand (one) and South Africa (one). The programs started between 1930 and 1998. We identified five different types of programs (service-requiring scholarships, educational loans with service requirements, service-option educational loans, loan repayment programs, and direct financial incentives). Financial incentives to serve for one year in an underserved area ranged from year-2000 United States dollars 1,358 to 28,470. All reviewed studies were observational. The random-effects estimate of the pooled proportion of all eligible program participants who had either fulfilled their obligation or were fulfilling it at the time of the study was 71% (95% confidence interval 60–80%). Seven studies compared retention in the same (underserved) area between program participants and non-participants. Six studies found that participants were less likely than non-participants to remain in the same area (five studies reported the difference to be statistically significant, while one study did not report a significance level); one study did not find a significant difference in retention in the same area. Thirteen studies compared provision of care or retention in any underserved area between participants and non-participants. Eleven studies found that participants were more likely to (continue to) practice in any underserved area (nine studies reported the difference to be statistically significant, while two studies did not provide the results of a significance test); two studies found that program participants were significantly less likely than non-participants to remain in any underserved area. Seven studies investigated the satisfaction of participants with their work and personal lives in underserved areas. Conclusion Financial-incentive programs for return of service are one of the few health policy interventions intended to improve the distribution of human resources for health on which substantial evidence

  2. Autism spectrum disorders: a review of measures for clinical, health services and cost–effectiveness applications

    PubMed Central

    Payakachat, Nalin; Tilford, J Mick; Kovacs, Erica; Kuhlthau, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication and behavioral functioning that can affect the health-related quality-of-life outcomes of the affected child and the family. ASDs have increased in prevalence, leading to a demand for improved understanding of the comparative effectiveness of different pharmacologic, behavioral, medical and alternative treatments for children as well as systems for providing services. This review describes outcome instruments that can be used for clinical, health services and cost–effectiveness applications. There is a pressing need to identify the most appropriate instruments for measuring health-related quality-of-life outcomes in this population. Studies evaluating the cost–effectiveness of interventions or treatments for children with ASDs using the cost per quality-adjusted life year metric are lacking. Researchers have the potential to contribute greatly to the field of autism by quantifying outcomes that can inform optimal treatment strategies. PMID:22971035

  3. Health Services Financing Report: A Review of Appendices A-Q

    PubMed Central

    Lees, Dennis

    1970-01-01

    In May of this year after three years' work an advisory panel of the B.M.A., with Dr. I. M. Jones in the chair, produced a report on Health Services Financing.1 A summary appeared in the Annual Report of Council2 and a preliminary discussion on the report was held at the B.M.A.'s Annual Representative Meeting in July.3 A full debate was deferred until the committees, divisions, and branches of the Association had had an opportunity to discuss the proposals. Nearly half of the book consists of appendices, commissioned from several economists, which cover the N.H.S. and the health services of 14 Western and some Eastern European countries. Below Professor Dennis Lees reviews these appendices, which formed a major source of information for the authors of the report and therefore have an important bearing on their conclusions. PMID:4990923

  4. Burnout in Mental Health Services: A Review of the Problem and Its Remediation

    PubMed Central

    Morse, Gary; Salyers, Michelle P.; Rollins, Angela L.; Monroe-DeVita, Maria; Pfahler, Corey

    2011-01-01

    Staff burnout is increasingly viewed as a concern in the mental health field. In this article we first examine the extent to which burnout is a problem for mental health services in terms of two critical issues: its prevalence and its association with a range of undesirable outcomes for staff, organizations, and consumers. We subsequently provide a comprehensive review of the limited research attempting to remediate burnout among mental health staff. We conclude with recommendations for the development and rigorous testing of intervention approaches to address this critical area. Keywords: burnout, burnout prevention, mental health staff PMID:21533847

  5. Measuring Quality in Emergency Medical Services: A Review of Clinical Performance Indicators

    PubMed Central

    El Sayed, Mazen J.

    2012-01-01

    Measuring quality in Emergency Medical Services (EMSs) systems is challenging. This paper reviews the current approaches to measuring quality in health care and EMS with a focus on currently used clinical performance indicators in EMS systems (US and international systems). The different types of performance indicators, the advantages and limitations of each type, and the evidence-based prehospital clinical bundles are discussed. This paper aims at introducing emergency physicians and health care providers to quality initiatives in EMS and serves as a reference for tools that EMS medical directors can use to launch new or modify existing quality control programs in their systems. PMID:22046554

  6. Undocumented Migrants in Canada: A scope literature review on health, access to services, and working conditions

    PubMed Central

    Carrasco, Christine; Gastaldo, Denise

    2011-01-01

    It is estimated that there are 30 to 40 million undocumented workers worldwide. Although undocumented migration has become an issue of high international relevance, it has been strikingly understudied in Canada, especially with respect to its impact on health. The purpose of this study is to explore the concept of undocumentedness in Canada through a scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature written in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish between 2002 and 2008. The specific aims are to: i) summarize and disseminate current academic and community-based findings on the health, service access and working conditions of undocumented migrants in Canada; ii) examine the sources and use of evidence; iii) identify significant gaps in existing knowledge; iv) set recommendations for policy and research, including considerations on transnationalism, ethics, interdisciplinary approaches, gender differences, resilience, and impact on the children of non-status parents. PMID:19657739

  7. Estimating Net Primary Productivity Using Satellite and Ancillary Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choudhury, Bhaskar J.

    2002-01-01

    The net primary productivity (C) or the annual rate of carbon accumulation per unit ground area by terrestrial plant communities is the difference of gross photosynthesis (A(sub g)) and respiration (R) per unit ground area. Available field observations show that R is a large and variable fraction of A(sub g), although it is generally recognized that there are considerable difficulties in determining these fluxes, and thus pose challenge in assessing the accuracy. Further uncertainties arise in extrapolating field measurements (which are acquired over a hectare or so area) to regional scale. Here, an approach is presented for determining these fluxes using satellite and ancillary data to be representative of regional scale and allow assessment of interannual variation. A, has been expressed as the product of radiation use efficiency for gross photosynthesis by an unstressed canopy and intercepted photosynthetically active radiation, which is then adjusted for stresses due to soil water shortage and temperature away from optimum. R has been calculated as the sum of growth and maintenance components (respectively, R(sub g) and R(sub m)).The R(sub m) has been determined from nitrogen content of plant tissue per unit ground area, while R(sub g) has been obtained as a fraction of the difference of A(sub g) and R(sub m). Results for five consecutive years (1986-1990) are presented for the Amazon-Tocontins, Mississippi, and Ob River basins.

  8. Hybrid MCDA Methods to Integrate Multiple Ecosystem Services in Forest Management Planning: A Critical Review.

    PubMed

    Uhde, Britta; Andreas Hahn, W; Griess, Verena C; Knoke, Thomas

    2015-08-01

    Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a decision aid frequently used in the field of forest management planning. It includes the evaluation of multiple criteria such as the production of timber and non-timber forest products and tangible as well as intangible values of ecosystem services (ES). Hence, it is beneficial compared to those methods that take a purely financial perspective. Accordingly, MCDA methods are increasingly popular in the wide field of sustainability assessment. Hybrid approaches allow aggregating MCDA and, potentially, other decision-making techniques to make use of their individual benefits and leading to a more holistic view of the actual consequences that come with certain decisions. This review is providing a comprehensive overview of hybrid approaches that are used in forest management planning. Today, the scientific world is facing increasing challenges regarding the evaluation of ES and the trade-offs between them, for example between provisioning and regulating services. As the preferences of multiple stakeholders are essential to improve the decision process in multi-purpose forestry, participatory and hybrid approaches turn out to be of particular importance. Accordingly, hybrid methods show great potential for becoming most relevant in future decision making. Based on the review presented here, the development of models for the use in planning processes should focus on participatory modeling and the consideration of uncertainty regarding available information. PMID:25896820

  9. Ancillary revenues in the airline industry : impacts on revenue management and distribution systems

    E-print Network

    Hao, Eric (Eric C.)

    2014-01-01

    Airlines have increasingly depended on ancillary revenue in response to rising fuel costs, de- creased yields, and an increasingly competitive environment. Estimates indicate that U.S. airlines collected over $8 billion ...

  10. Utilization of Ancillary Data Sets for SMAP Algorithm Development and Product Generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    ONeill, P.; Podest, E.; Njoku, E.

    2011-01-01

    Algorithms being developed for the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission require a variety of both static and ancillary data. The selection of the most appropriate source for each ancillary data parameter is driven by a number of considerations, including accuracy, latency, availability, and consistency across all SMAP products and with SMOS (Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity). It is anticipated that initial selection of all ancillary datasets, which are needed for ongoing algorithm development activities on the SMAP algorithm testbed at JPL, will be completed within the year. These datasets will be updated as new or improved sources become available, and all selections and changes will be documented for the benefit of the user community. Wise choices in ancillary data will help to enable SMAP to provide new global measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state at the targeted accuracy necessary to tackle hydrologically-relevant societal issues.

  11. TECHNOLOGY NEEDS AND STATUS ON CLOSURE OF DOE RADIOACTIVE WASTE TANK ANCILLARY SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect

    Burns, H; Sharon Marra, S; Christine Langton, C

    2009-01-21

    This paper summarizes the current state of art of sampling, characterizing, retrieving, transferring and treating the incidental waste and stabilizing the void space in tank ancillary systems and the needs involved with closure of these systems. The overall effort for closing tank and ancillary systems is very large and is in the initial stages of being addressed in a systematic manner. It was recognized in doing this effort, that gaps in both technology and material application for characterization and removal of residual waste and closure of ancillary systems would be identified. Great efficiencies are to be gained by defining the technology need areas early in the closure process and providing recommendations for technical programs to improve the closure strategies. Therefore, this paper will not only summarize the state of closure of ancillary systems but also provide recommendations to address the technology gaps identified in this assessment.

  12. Workshop on environmental assessment. [Regulation of applications of nuclear energy and related ancillary systems

    SciTech Connect

    Watson, E.C. (comp.)

    1982-07-01

    Objectives of the workshop were: to review and evaluate the state-of-the-art of environmental impact assessments as applied to the regulation of applications of nuclear energy and related ancillary systems; to identify areas where existing technology allows establishing acceptable methods or standard practices that will meet the requirements of the NRC regulations, standards and guides for both normal operations and off-standard conditions including accident considerations; to illuminate topics where existing models or analytical methods are deficient because of unverified assumptions, a paucity of empirical data, conflicting results reported in the literature or a need for observation of operation systems; to compile, analyze and synthesize a prioritized set of research needs to advance the state-of-the-art to the level which will meet all of the requirements of the Commission's regulations, standards and guides; and to develop bases for maintaining the core of regulatory guidance at the optimum level balancing technical capabilities with practical considerations of cost and value to the regulatory process. The discussion held in small group sessions on aquatic, atmospheric, and terrestrial pathways are presented. The following research needs were identified as common to all three groups: validation of models; characterization of source terms; development of screening techniques; basis for de minimis levels of contamination; and updating of objectives for environmental monitoring programs.

  13. 77 FR 25481 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Solicitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...3090-0248; Docket 2011-0001; Sequence 13] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation...Deborah Eble, Procurement Analyst, General Services Acquisition Policy...

  14. 78 FR 11188 - General Services Administration Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Packing List Clause

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-15

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...3090-0246; Docket 2012-0001 Sequence 15] General Services Administration Regulation; Submission... Fax: 202-501-4067. Mail: General Services Administration,...

  15. 77 FR 58380 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Price...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-20

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...Docket No.2011-0016; Sequence 10] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation...AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy, General Services Administration (GSA)....

  16. 77 FR 40883 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Identification...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...3090-0262; Docket 2012-0001; Sequence 3] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation...Dana Munson, Procurement Analyst, General Services Acquisition Policy...

  17. 78 FR 27239 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Industrial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...3090-0121; Docket 2013-0001; Sequence 6] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation... Fax: 202-501-4067. Mail: General Services Administration,...

  18. 78 FR 57156 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Modifications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-17

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...Docket No. 2013-0001; Sequence 9] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation...AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy, General Services Administration (GSA)....

  19. Traditional and innovative promotional strategies of tobacco cessation services: a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Momin, Behnoosh; Neri, Antonio; McCausland, Kristen; Duke, Jennifer; Hansen, Heather; Kahende, Jennifer; Zhang, Lei; Stewart, Sherri L

    2014-08-01

    An estimated 43.5 million American adults currently smoke cigarettes. Well-designed tobacco education campaigns with adequate reach increase cessation and reduce tobacco use. Smokers report great interest in quitting but few use effective treatments including quitlines (QLs). This review examined traditional (TV, radio, print ads) versus innovative tobacco cessation (internet, social media) promotions for QL services. Between November 2011 and January 2012, searches were conducted on EBSCO, PubMed, Wilson, OCLC, CQ Press, Google Scholar, Gale, LexisNexis, and JSTOR. Existing literature shows that the amount of radio and print advertising, and promotion of free cessation medications increases QL call volume. Television advertising volume seems to be the best predictor of QL service awareness. Much of the literature on Internet advertising compares the characteristics of participants recruited for studies through various channels. The majority of the papers indicated that Internet-recruited participants were younger; this was the only demographic characteristic with high agreement across studies. Traditional media was only studied within mass media campaigns with TV ads having a consistent impact on increasing calls to QLs, therefore, it is hard to distinguish the impact of traditional media as an independent QL promotion intervention. With innovative media, while many QL services have a presence on social media sites, there is no literature on evaluating the effectiveness of these channels for quitline promotion. PMID:24515948

  20. COMPREHENSIVE ADOLESCENT HEALTH PROGRAMS THAT INCLUDE SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

    PubMed Central

    Kågesten, Anna; Parekh, Jenita; Tunçalp, Özge; Turke, Shani; Blum, Robert Wm

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To describe the characteristics and evidence of comprehensive adolescent health (CAH) programs encompassing sexual and reproductive and other health services, educational and social support. Methods Systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature on CAH programs (1998-2013). Only programs with experimental, quasi-experimental or pre-post evaluations were included. Two independent reviewers screened 36,119 records and extracted articles using predefined criteria. Data was synthesised into descriptive characteristics; quality was assessed by evidence level (rigorous, strong, modest). Results Data was extracted on 46 programs (181 studies) of which 19 programs were defined as comprehensive; 9 were excluded due to insufficient evaluations. Ten CAH programs met all inclusion criteria. Most were US based; others were implemented in Egypt, Ethiopia and Mexico. Few programs (N=3) displayed rigorous evidence, 5 had strong and 2 had modest evidence. All programs with rigorous/strong evidence directly or indirectly influenced adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Common elements of these programs included: long-term commitment to adolescents, interpersonal connections, community mobilization, and skill-building elements. Conclusion The long term impact of many CAH programs cannot be proven due to insufficient evaluations. Evaluation approaches that take into account the complex operating conditions of many programs are needed to better understand mechanisms behind program effects. PMID:25320876

  1. Current Status and Future Prospects for the Assessment of Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Services: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Liquete, Camino; Piroddi, Chiara; Drakou, Evangelia G.; Gurney, Leigh; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Charef, Aymen; Egoh, Benis

    2013-01-01

    Background Research on ecosystem services has grown exponentially during the last decade. Most of the studies have focused on assessing and mapping terrestrial ecosystem services highlighting a knowledge gap on marine and coastal ecosystem services (MCES) and an urgent need to assess them. Methodology/Principal Findings We reviewed and summarized existing scientific literature related to MCES with the aim of extracting and classifying indicators used to assess and map them. We found 145 papers that specifically assessed marine and coastal ecosystem services from which we extracted 476 indicators. Food provision, in particular fisheries, was the most extensively analyzed MCES while water purification and coastal protection were the most frequently studied regulating and maintenance services. Also recreation and tourism under the cultural services was relatively well assessed. We highlight knowledge gaps regarding the availability of indicators that measure the capacity, flow or benefit derived from each ecosystem service. The majority of the case studies was found in mangroves and coastal wetlands and was mainly concentrated in Europe and North America. Our systematic review highlighted the need of an improved ecosystem service classification for marine and coastal systems, which is herein proposed with definitions and links to previous classifications. Conclusions/Significance This review summarizes the state of available information related to ecosystem services associated with marine and coastal ecosystems. The cataloging of MCES indicators and the integrated classification of MCES provided in this paper establish a background that can facilitate the planning and integration of future assessments. The final goal is to establish a consistent structure and populate it with information able to support the implementation of biodiversity conservation policies. PMID:23844080

  2. Systematic review of facility-based sexual and reproductive health services for female sex workers in Africa

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Several biological, behavioural, and structural risk factors place female sex workers (FSWs) at heightened risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. FSW projects in many settings have demonstrated effective ways of altering this risk, improving the health and wellbeing of these women. Yet the optimum delivery model of FSW projects in Africa is unclear. This systematic review describes intervention packages, service-delivery models, and extent of government involvement in these services in Africa. Methods On 22 November 2012, we searched Web of Science and MEDLINE, without date restrictions, for studies describing clinical and non-clinical facility-based SRH prevention and care services for FSWs in low- and middle-income countries in Africa. We also identified articles in key non-indexed journals and on websites of international organizations. A single reviewer screened titles and abstracts, and extracted data from articles using standardised tools. Results We located 149 articles, which described 54 projects. Most were localised and small-scale; focused on research activities (rather than on large-scale service delivery); operated with little coordination, either nationally or regionally; and had scanty government support (instead a range of international donors generally funded services). Almost all sites only addressed HIV prevention and STIs. Most services distributed male condoms, but only 10% provided female condoms. HIV services mainly encompassed HIV counselling and testing; few offered HIV care and treatment such as CD4 testing or antiretroviral therapy (ART). While STI services were more comprehensive, periodic presumptive treatment was only provided in 11 instances. Services often ignored broader SRH needs such as family planning, cervical cancer screening, and gender-based violence services. Conclusions Sex work programmes in Africa have limited coverage and a narrow scope of services and are poorly coordinated with broader HIV and SRH services. To improve FSWs’ health and reduce onward HIV transmission, access to ART needs to be addressed urgently. Nevertheless, HIV prevention should remain the mainstay of services. Service delivery models that integrate broader SRH services and address structural risk factors are much needed. Government-led FSW services of high quality and scale would markedly reduce SRH vulnerabilities of FSWs in Africa. PMID:24916010

  3. A Review of Services and Interventions for Runaway and Homeless Youth: Moving Forward

    PubMed Central

    Slesnick, Natasha; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Letcher, Amber; Erdem, Gizem; Serovich, Julianne

    2009-01-01

    Research focused on the impact of community-based services and treatment interventions designed to intervene in the lives of runaway and homeless youth has increased in the last two decades in the U.S. and internationally. In light of the tremendous need for identifying effective strategies to end homelessness and its associated problems among youth, this paper summarizes and critiques the findings of the extant literature including U.S., international, and qualitative studies. Thirty-two papers met criteria for inclusion in the review. Among the conclusions are that comprehensive interventions which target the varied and interconnected needs of these youth and families may be worthy of more study than studies that isolate the intervention focus on one problem. Also, more research incorporating design strategies that increase the reliability and validity of study findings is needed. Other preliminary conclusions and future directions are offered. PMID:20161294

  4. Estimating Net Primary Productivity Using Satellite and Ancillary Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choudhury, B. J.; Houser, Paul (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The net primary productivity (C) or annual rate of carbon accumulation per unit ground area by terrestrial plant communities is the difference of the rate of gross photosynthesis (A(sub g)) and autotrophic respiration (R) per unit ground area. Although available observations show that R is a large and variable fraction of A(sub g), viz., 0.3 to 0.7, it is generally recognized that much uncertainties exist in this fraction due to difficulties associated with the needed measurements. Additional uncertainties arise when these measurements are extrapolated to regional or global land surface using empirical equations, for example, using regression equations relating C to mean annual precipitation and air temperature. Here, a process-based approach has been taken to calculate A(sub g) and R using satellite and ancillary data. A(sub g) has been expressed as a product of radiation use efficiency, magnitude of intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), and normalized by stresses due to soil water shortage and air temperature away from the optimum range. A biophysical model has been used to determine the radiation use efficiency from the maximum rate of carbon assimilation by a leaf, foliage temperature, and the fraction of diffuse PAR incident on a canopy. All meteorological data (PAR, air temperature, precipitation, etc.) needed for the calculation are derived from satellite observations, while a land use, land cover data (based on satellite and ground measurements) have been used to assess the maximum rate of carbon assimilation by a leaf of varied cover type based on field measurements. R has been calculated as the sum of maintenance and growth components. The maintenance respiration of foliage and live fine roots at a standard temperature of different land cover has been determined from their nitrogen content using field and satellite measurements, while that of living fraction of woody stem (viz., sapwood) from the seasonal maximum leaf area index as determined from satellite observations. These maintenance respiration values were then adjusted to that corresponding to air temperature according to a prescribed non-linear variation of respiration with temperature. The growth respiration has been calculated from the difference of Ag and maintenance respiration, according to the two-compartment model. The results of calculations will be reported for 36 consecutive months (1987-1989) over large contiguous areas (ca. 10(exp 5) sq km) Of agricultural land and tropical humid evergreen forests, and compared with available field data.

  5. [Pay-for-performance in health care services: a review of the best evidence available].

    PubMed

    Barreto, Jorge Otávio Maia

    2015-05-01

    Pay-for-performance (P4P) has been widely used around the world seeking to improve health outcomes, and in Brazil it is the basis of the National Program for Improving Access and Quality (PMAQ). The literature published between 1998 and January 2013 that evaluated the effectiveness of P4P to produce results or patterns of access and quality in health was scrutinized. A total of 138 studies, with the inclusion of a further 41 studies (14 systematic reviews, 07 clinical trials and 20 observational studies) were retrieved and analyzed Among the more rigorous studies, favorable conclusions for P4P were less frequent, whereas observational studies were more favorable to positive effects of P4P on the quality of, and access to, health services. Methodological limitations of observational studies may have contributed to these results, but the range of results is more linked to the conceptual and contextual aspects of the use of the P4P schemes reviewed, the heterogeneity of P4P models and results. P4P can be helpful in promoting the achievement of objectives in health care systems, especially in the short term and for specific actions requiring less effort of health care providers, but should be used with caution and with a rigorous planning model, also considering undesirable or adverse effects. PMID:26017951

  6. Inappropriate use of emergency services: a systematic review of prevalence and associated factors.

    PubMed

    Carret, Maria Laura Vidal; Fassa, Ana Claudia Gastal; Domingues, Marlos Rodrigues

    2009-01-01

    This systematic review aimed to measure the prevalence of inappropriate emergency department (ED) use by adults and associated factors. The review included 31 articles published in the last 12 years. Prevalence of inappropriate ED use varied from 20 to 40% and was associated with age and income. Female patients, those without co-morbidities, without a regular physician, without a regular source of care, and those not referred to the ED by a physician also showed more inappropriate ED use, with the relative risk varying from 1.12 to 2.42. Difficulties in accessing primary health care (difficulties in setting appointments, longer waiting periods, and short business hours at the primary health care service) were also associated with inappropriate ED use. Thus, primary care requires fully qualified patient reception and efficient triage to promptly attend cases that cannot wait. It is also necessary to orient the population on situations in which they should go to the ED and on the disadvantages of consulting the ED when the case is not really urgent. PMID:19180283

  7. A Review on Learning Styles and Critically Thinking Disposition of Pre-Service Science Teachers in Terms of Miscellaneous Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yenice, Nilgun

    2012-01-01

    The present study was carried out in order to review learning styles and critical thinking disposition of pre-service science teachers in terms of sex, grade and age, and to address the relationship between their learning styles and critical thinking disposition. It used Kolb's Inventory of Learning Styles and California Scale of Critical Thinking…

  8. Information about Support Services for Families of Young Children with Hearing Loss: A Review of Some Useful Outcomes and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eleweke, C. Jonah; Gilbert, Sharon; Bays, Debbie; Austin, Ellen

    2008-01-01

    This paper is concerned with reviewing some useful effects of information about support services provided to families of young children with hearing loss and the challenges of providing this information to families. Evidence indicates that 95 percent of young children with hearing loss have hearing parents. With no previous experience of hearing…

  9. A Meta-Analytic Review of Internalizing, Externalizing, and Academic Adjustment Among Children of Deployed Military Service Members

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Noel A. Card; Leslie Bosch; Deborah M. Casper; Christine Bracamonte Wiggs; Stacy Ann Hawkins; Gabriel L. Schlomer; Lynne M. Borden

    2011-01-01

    Parental deployment during military conflicts has the potential to impact child adjustment. As increased numbers of military Service members have children, it is critical to understand the association between military deployment and child adjustment. In order to resolve inconsistencies in the existing literature, we performed a meta-analytic review of 16 studies that report associations of military deployment with internalizing, externalizing,

  10. Engine Tune-Up Service. Unit 1: Battery and Cranking System. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodson-Roberts, Ludy; And Others

    This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 1, Battery and Cranking System. Focus of the exercises and pretests is testing the battery and cranking system. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the four performance objectives contained in the unit.…

  11. 76 FR 82002 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ...Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits When Deceased Was an Employee at the Time of Death AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel...

  12. 76 FR 39926 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ...Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits When Deceased Was an Employee at the Time of Death AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel...

  13. 77 FR 31016 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; GSA Mentor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...3090-0286; Docket 2012-0001; Sequence 1] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation...Office of the Chief Acquisition Officer, General Services Administration (GSA)....

  14. 78 FR 18285 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Modifications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Parts 552...3090-00XX; Docket 2012-0001; Sequence 21] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation...AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy, General Services Administration (GSA)....

  15. 77 FR 28390 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; GSA Form 527...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...3090-0007; Docket 2011-0016; Sequence 12] General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation... Fax: 202-501-4067. Mail: General Services Administration, Regulatory...

  16. Review of Jamaica Public Service Company, Ltd. least-cost expansion plan.

    SciTech Connect

    Koritarov, V.; Buehring, W.; Cirillo, R.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-02-28

    Argonne National Laboratory has been asked to review the least-cost expansion plan (LCEP) of the Jamaica Public Service Company, Ltd. (JPSCo). The material that has been initially provided to Argonne included: (1) An electronic copy of the data and results from JPSCo's running the WASP electric system expansion planning model, (2) Approximately 20 pages of a document 'JPSCo Generation Expansion Plan', marked 'DRAFT 002', date unknown, and (3) The report 'JPSCo Least Cost Generation Expansion Plans, (1999-2009)', January 1999. It was noticed that the 20 pages from the 'DRAFT 002' document were different from the January 1999 report. An explanation was provided to Argonne that the excerpt was from an earlier draft and that the review should focus on the January 1999 report. Further, the electronic copy of the WASP case did not correspond to either the January 1999 report or to the 20-page excerpt. Again, the reason for these discrepancies was that the WASP case provided to Argonne was an earlier case and not the final one that was presented in the report. Based on the review of the available material, Argonne experts have prepared and submitted to the National Investment Bank of Jamaica (NIBJ) a preliminary draft report containing the initial findings, comments, questions and observations. As many of the comments and questions raised in the preliminary review needed to be discussed with the appropriate staff of JPSCo and other Jamaican experts, a 3-day mission to Jamaica was carried out by one Argonne expert (V. Koritarov) in the period July 20-23, 1999. Besides JPSCo experts, the discussions and the review of the LCEP during the mission included several experts from NIBJ, Ministry of Energy, and the Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica. Mr. Koritarov also worked with the JPSCo technical staff to reconstruct the WASP base case that was used as a basis for the January 1999 report. The first step was to verify that the results obtained after the resimulation of this case were identical to those presented in the January 1999 report. Then, in the next step, the Argonne expert and JPSCo team reviewed this case in detail and performed certain modifications and improvements of data where necessary. These modifications and data adjustments resulted in a new base case that served as a basis for further review and for the sensitivity analyses. Several sensitivity analyses were performed together with JPSCo experts and the results were discussed with the JPSCo management and other Jamaican experts at the end of the mission. Additional sensitivity analyses, as well as the cases for high and low load forecasts, were conducted by Mr. Koritarov after returning from Jamaica. The main findings of the review and issues that have been discussed with the Jamaican team can be summarized.

  17. 75 FR 22338 - Reexamination of Roaming Obligations of Commercial Mobile Radio Service Providers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-28

    ...terrestrial networks, or also encompass satellite providers of mobile data services (either by satellite or ancillary terrestrial component...Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite). Since 2007, the Census Bureau...

  18. Use of Mobile Phone Text Message Reminders in Health Care Services: A Narrative Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Koivunen, Marita Hannele; Välimäki, Maritta Anneli

    2014-01-01

    Background Mobile text messages are a widely recognized communication method in societies, as the global penetration of the technology approaches 100% worldwide. Systematic knowledge is still lacking on how the mobile telephone text messaging (short message service, SMS) has been used in health care services. Objective This study aims to review the literature on the use of mobile phone text message reminders in health care. Methods We conducted a systematic literature review of studies on mobile telephone text message reminders. The data sources used were PubMed (MEDLINE), CINAHL, Proquest Databases/ PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and hand searching since 2003. Studies reporting the use of SMS intended to remind patients in health services were included. Given the heterogeneity in the studies, descriptive characteristics, purpose of the study, response rates, description of the intervention, dose and timing, instruments, outcome measures, and outcome data from the studies were synthesized using a narrative approach. Results From 911 initial citations, 60 studies were included in the review. The studies reported a variety of use for SMS. Mobile telephone text message reminders were used as the only intervention in 73% (44/60) of the studies, and in 27% (16/60) of the remaining studies, SMS was connected to another comprehensive health intervention system. SMS reminders were sent to different patient groups: patients with HIV/AIDS (15%, 9/60) and diabetes (13%, 8/60) being the most common groups. The response rates of the studies varied from 22-100%. Typically, the text message reminders were sent daily. The time before the specific intervention to be rendered varied from 10 minutes (eg, medication taken) to 2 weeks (eg, scheduled appointment). A wide range of different evaluation methods and outcomes were used to assess the impact of SMS varying from existing databases (eg, attendance rate based on medical records), questionnaires, and physiological measures. About three quarters of the studies (77%, 46/60) reported improved outcomes: adherence to medication or to treatment reportedly improved in 40% (24/60) of the studies, appointment attendance in 18% (11/60) of the studies, and non-attendance rates decreased in 18% (11/60) of the studies. Other positive impacts were decreased amount of missed medication doses, more positive attitudes towards medication, and reductions in treatment interruptions. Conclusions We can conclude that although SMS reminders are used with different patient groups in health care, SMS is less systematically studied with randomized controlled trial study design. Although the amount of evidence for SMS application recommendations is still limited, having 77% (46/60) of the studies showing improved outcomes may indicate its use in health care settings. However, more well-conducted SMS studies are still needed. PMID:25326646

  19. 8 CFR 1240.49 - Ancillary matters, applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW...JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS...OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Proceedings...chapter, the immigration judge shall...Advise the alien that...for asylum in the United States or...

  20. 8 CFR 1240.49 - Ancillary matters, applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW...JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS...OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Proceedings...chapter, the immigration judge shall...Advise the alien that...for asylum in the United States or...

  1. 8 CFR 1240.49 - Ancillary matters, applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW...JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS...OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Proceedings...chapter, the immigration judge shall...Advise the alien that...for asylum in the United States or...

  2. 8 CFR 1240.49 - Ancillary matters, applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW...JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS...OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Proceedings...chapter, the immigration judge shall...Advise the alien that...for asylum in the United States or...

  3. 8 CFR 1240.49 - Ancillary matters, applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW...JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS...OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Proceedings...chapter, the immigration judge shall...Advise the alien that...for asylum in the United States or...

  4. Benthic macrofauna and ancillary data for San Francisco Bay, California, March to November 1987

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schemel, Laurence E.; Ota, A.Y.; Harmon, J.G.; Shay, J.M.; Adorado, R.N.

    1988-01-01

    Benthic macrofauna and ancillary data were collected during 1987 as part of the U.S. Geological Survey Regional Effects Monitoring Program in San Francisco Bay, California. Data were collected during five cruises at 2-month intervals from March through November. Benthic macrofauna for identification of species and sediment for size analysis were sampled at eight stations. Ancillary data, which consisted of salinity, temperature, dissolved-oxygen concentrations, and suspended sediment, were collected at 12 stations. Salinity and temperature were measured at three stations that coincided with continuous water quality monitors. Abundances and geographical distributions of a newly introduced species of clam were measured. (USGS)

  5. Screening for Breast Cancer: Systematic Evidence Review Update for the U. S. Preventive Services Task Force

    PubMed Central

    Nelson, Heidi D.; Tyne, Kari; Naik, Arpana; Bougatsos, Christina; Chan, Benjamin K.; Humphrey, Linda

    2010-01-01

    Background This systematic review is an update of evidence since the 2002 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on breast cancer screening. Purpose To determine the effectiveness of mammography screening in decreasing breast cancer mortality among average-risk women age 40 to 49 and 70 and older; the effectiveness of clinical breast examination (CBE) and breast self examination (BSE); and harms of screening. Data Sources Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry and Database of Systematic Reviews (4th Quarter 2008), MEDLINE® (January 2001 to December 2008), reference lists, and Web of Science® for published studies; Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium for screening mammography data. Study Selection Randomized controlled trials with breast cancer mortality outcomes for screening effectiveness; multiple study designs and data sources for harms. Data Extraction Investigators abstracted relevant data and rated study quality using established criteria. Data Synthesis Mammography screening reduces breast cancer mortality by 15% for women age 39 to 49 (relative risk 0.85; 95% CrI 0.75 to 0.96; 8 trials); data are lacking for age ?70. Radiation exposure from mammography is low. Patient adverse experiences are common, transient, and do not impact screening practices. Estimates of overdiagnosis vary from 1% to 10%. Younger women have more false positive mammograms and additional imaging, but fewer biopsies than older women. Trials of CBE are ongoing; for BSE, trials showed no reductions in mortality but increased benign biopsies. Limitations Studies of older women, digital mammography, and MRI are lacking. Conclusions Mammography screening reduces breast cancer mortality for women age 39 to 69; data are insufficient for older women. False positive mammograms and additional imaging are common. No benefit has been shown for CBE or BSE. PMID:19920273

  6. Using Ancillary Information to Reduce Sample Size in Discovery Sampling and the Effects of Measurement Error

    SciTech Connect

    Axelrod, M

    2005-08-18

    Discovery sampling is a tool used in a discovery auditing. The purpose of such an audit is to provide evidence that some (usually large) inventory of items complies with a defined set of criteria by inspecting (or measuring) a representative sample drawn from the inventory. If any of the items in the sample fail compliance (defective items), then the audit has discovered an impropriety, which often triggers some action. However finding defective items in a sample is an unusual event--auditors expect the inventory to be in compliance because they come to the audit with an ''innocent until proven guilty attitude''. As part of their work product, the auditors must provide a confidence statement about compliance level of the inventory. Clearly the more items they inspect, the greater their confidence, but more inspection means more cost. Audit costs can be purely economic, but in some cases, the cost is political because more inspection means more intrusion, which communicates an attitude of distrust. Thus, auditors have every incentive to minimize the number of items in the sample. Indeed, in some cases the sample size can be specifically limited by a prior agreement or an ongoing policy. Statements of confidence about the results of a discovery sample generally use the method of confidence intervals. After finding no defectives in the sample, the auditors provide a range of values that bracket the number of defective items that could credibly be in the inventory. They also state a level of confidence for the interval, usually 90% or 95%. For example, the auditors might say: ''We believe that this inventory of 1,000 items contains no more than 10 defectives with a confidence of 95%''. Frequently clients ask their auditors questions such as: How many items do you need to measure to be 95% confident that there are no more than 10 defectives in the entire inventory? Sometimes when the auditors answer with big numbers like ''300'', their clients balk. They balk because a big sample size might bust the budget, or the number seems intuitively excessive. To reduce the sample size, you can increase the tolerable number of defectives, the ''10'' in the preceding example, or back off on the confidence level, say from 95% to 90%. Auditors also frequently bump up the sample size as a safety factor. They know that something can go wrong. For example, they might find out that the measurements or inspections were subject to errors. Unless the auditors know exactly how measurement error affects sample size, they might be forced to give up the safety factor. Clients often choose to ''live dangerously'' (without a compelling argument to the contrary) to save money. Thus, sometimes the auditor finds that ''you just can't get there from here'', because the goals of the audit and the resources available are inherently in conflict. For discovery audits, there is a way out of this apparent conundrum. It turns out that the classical method of confidence intervals uses an implicit and very conservative assumption. We will see that this assumption is too pessimistic and too conservative in the context of a discovery audit. If we abandon this assumption and use ancillary information about the inventory, then we can significantly reduce the sample size required to achieve the desired confidence level. We will see exactly how the classical method ignores this ancillary information and misses the opportunity for an efficient audit. In the following sections, we first review the standard approach using confidence intervals. Then we present a method that incorporates the ancillary information about the inventory to design a very efficient discovery audit. We also provide results on how measurement errors affect the audit, and how exactly how much the sample size must be modified to compensate for these errors. Finally, we state asymptotic formulas that provide useful approximations for large inventories. It is suggested that the reader review the glossary of symbols while reading the body and the appendices as there are numerous special symbols and notati

  7. A perspective on LCA application in site remediation services: critical review of challenges.

    PubMed

    Morais, Sérgio Alberto; Delerue-Matos, Cristina

    2010-03-15

    The remediation of contaminated sites supports the goal of sustainable development but may also have environmental impacts at a local, regional and global scale. Life cycle assessment (LCA) has increasingly been used in order to support site remediation decision-making. This review article discusses existing LCA methods and proposed models focusing on critical decisions and assumptions of the LCA application to site remediation activities. It is concluded that LCA has limitations as an adequate holistic decision-making tool since spatial and temporal differentiation of non-global impacts assessment is a major hurdle in site remediation LCA. Moreover, a consequential LCA perspective should be adopted when the different remediation services to be compared generate different site's physical states, displacing alternative post-remediation scenarios. The environmental effects of the post-remediation stage of the site is generally disregarded in the past site remediation LCA studies and such exclusion may produce misleading conclusions and misdirected decision-making. In addition, clear guidance accepted by all stakeholders on remediation capital equipment exclusion and on dealing with multifunctional processes should be developed for site remediation LCA applications. PMID:19910112

  8. Developing an Internationally-Applicable Service Specification for Continence Care: Systematic Review, Evidence Synthesis and Expert Consensus

    PubMed Central

    Wagg, Adrian S.; Newman, Diane K.; Leichsenring, Kai; van Houten, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Background Global demographic trends suggest that the incidence of both urinary and faecal incontinence will rise in the coming years, bringing significant health and economic implications for both patients and payers. There is limited organisational evidence to guide payers and providers about service configuration which will deliver efficient guideline-compliant, high-quality patient care. Objectives To create, using evidence from a systematic review, qualitative data and expert consensus an internationally applicable service specification for continence care. Method Evidence was obtained from a systematic and grey literature review of published randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies reporting efficacy of continence service design at the level of the community dwelling patient with either bladder or bowel incontinence, governmental reports and policy frameworks supplemented by data from 47 semi-structured interviews with clinicians, patients, patient-representatives and policy experts from four geographies broadly representative of different healthcare systems. Results A number of themes related to current and potential future organisation of continence care were identified from the data. A modular service specification with eight core components was created including case detection, initial assessment and treatment, case co-ordination, caregiver support, community-based support, specialist assessment and treatment, use of containment products, and use of technology. Within this framework important key recommendations are: ensure robust referral pathways, shift assessment for case coordination to nurses specializing in continence care, promote self-management and technology, use comprehensive assessment tools and service performance targets based on outcome and operational measures. Conclusions This study has defined practice gaps in the provision of continence services and described eight core components of a service specification for incontinence that commissioners and payers of health and social care could consider using to provide high-quality continence care. A shift towards a community-delivered, nurse-led model appears to be associated with clinical and cost-effective care for people with bladder and bowel incontinence. PMID:25121511

  9. Developing new veterinary services in milk quality: a review of a recent mastitis risk management co-development in Australia.

    PubMed

    Penry, J F; Brightling, P B; Dyson, R S; Paine, M S

    2011-01-01

    A new veterinary service to promote ongoing, incremental improvements in the risk management of mastitis and milk quality was developed between 2005 and 2008. This was designed to enhance the relationship between the farmer and advisor, as an extension of the Countdown Downunder programme, Australia's national mastitis and milk quality programme. This service was co-developed between the Countdown Downunder programme team and a core development group of veterinarians involved with trialling the service, and farmers and social researchers. The service, known as Countdown MAX, involved advisory input at the planning stage, a written risk management plan, multiple engagements between the farm team and advisor for tracking and re-planning, and a service fee. Risk management resources (modules) were developed to be employed at the drying-off and calving periods, and during lactation. During the development and implementation phase eight veterinary practices conducted Countdown MAX consultations on 55 farms. Eighty-eight Countdown MAX modules were delivered in total, with 55% of farms completing more than one module but only 38% of modules reviewed successfully. A social research project examined the implementation of the Countdown MAX service in participating veterinary practices during the development phase. Findings of the project were that the successful uptake of a new mastitis service into a veterinary practice was enhanced through uptake by practice owners of the concept, the formation of a written practice plan, adequate communication and explanation of the new service to all staff, logistical support for the service within the practice, and transfer of mastitis expertise within the practice. PMID:21328154

  10. Long-Term Services and Supports for Older Adults: A Review of Home and Community-Based Services Versus Institutional Care.

    PubMed

    Wysocki, Andrea; Butler, Mary; Kane, Robert L; Kane, Rosalie A; Shippee, Tetyana; Sainfort, François

    2015-01-01

    Despite a shift from institutional services toward more home and community-based services (HCBS) for older adults who need long-term services and supports (LTSS), the effects of HCBS have yet to be adequately synthesized in the literature. This review of literature from 1995 to 2012 compares the outcome trajectories of older adults served through HCBS (including assisted living [AL]) and in nursing homes (NHs) for physical function, cognition, mental health, mortality, use of acute care, and associated harms (e.g., accidents, abuse, and neglect) and costs. NH and AL residents did not differ in physical function, cognition, mental health, and mortality outcomes. The differences in harms between HCBS recipients and NH residents were mixed. Evidence was insufficient for cost comparisons. More and better research is needed to draw robust conclusions about how the service setting influences the outcomes and costs of LTSS for older adults. Future research should address the numerous methodological challenges present in this field of research and should emphasize studies evaluating the effectiveness of HCBS. PMID:25942005

  11. 43 CFR 2806.41 - How will BLM calculate rent for communication facilities ancillary to a linear grant or other use...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...will BLM calculate rent for communication facilities ancillary to...authorization? When a communication facility is ancillary to...linear use, or some other type of use authorization...authorization, and not the communication use rent...

  12. Improving the Quality of Ability Estimates through Multidimensional Scoring and Incorporation of Ancillary Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Torre, Jimmy

    2009-01-01

    For one reason or another, various sources of information, namely, ancillary variables and correlational structure of the latent abilities, which are usually available in most testing situations, are ignored in ability estimation. A general model that incorporates these sources of information is proposed in this article. The model has a general…

  13. Integrating remotely sensed and ancillary data sources to characterize a mountain pine beetle infestation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas C. Coops; Michael A. Wulder; Joanne C. White

    2006-01-01

    The ongoing mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) outbreak in British Columbia, Canada, has reached epidemic proportions, with the beetle expanding into geographic areas outside its known biological range. In this study, estimates of red attack damage were derived from a logistic regression model using multi-date Landsat imagery, and ancillary information including terrain attributes and solar radiation. The model estimates

  14. UNDERSTANDING THE ANCILLARY BENEFITS OF CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES: A RESEARCH AGENDA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Climate change policies are commonly evaluated on their potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They also have potential indirect or ancillary effects on various sectors such as public health, transportation and ecosystem health. It is important to understand the magn...

  15. GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH NEWS #15: WORKSHOP ON ANCILLARY BENEFITS AND COSTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    EPA's Global Change Research Program is co-sponsoring a three-day workshop to examine possible ancillary benefits of climate change adaptation and mitigation policies. The goals of the workshop are: (1)to establish a common basis of understanding about the conceptual and empiric...

  16. The Adoption of Technological, Administrative, and Ancillary Innovations: Impact of Organizational Factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fariborz Damanpour

    1987-01-01

    The influence of six organizationalfactors on the adoption of three types of innovations was examined in public libraries. It wasfound that (a) all factors together were a better predictor of technological than administrative or ancillary innovations, and (b) specialization and organizational slack had a stronger effect on technological innovations than the other two types, whereas administrative intensity and organizational size

  17. A New Approach to Presenting Ancillary Data at the Hobby-Eberly Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rostopchin, S.; Shetrone, M.

    2011-07-01

    A new approach of managing and presenting ancillary data is developed at the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET). We have switched from using an ASCII form of saving all our auxiliary observation data, such as weather information, seeing data and flux from guiders software, to RDBMS. This information will be available to our users as an addition to their science data.

  18. Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion: Comparison of Ancillary CT Findings between Arterial and Venous Occlusions and Independent CT Findings Suggesting Life-Threatening Events

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Cheng-Hsien; Wang, Li-Jen; Chen, Huan-Wu; Lin, Being-Chuan; Huang, Chen-Chih

    2013-01-01

    Objective To compare the ancillary CT findings between superior mesenteric artery thromboembolism (SMAT) and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (SMVT), and to determine the independent CT findings of life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Materials and Methods Our study was approved by the institution review board. We included 43 patients (21 SMAT and 22 SMVT between 1999 and 2008) of their median age of 60.0 years, and retrospectively analyzed their CT scans. Medical records were reviewed for demographics, management, surgical pathology diagnosis, and outcome. We compared CT findings between SMAT and SMVT groups. Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine the independent CT findings of life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Results Of 43 patients, 24 had life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Death related to mesenteric occlusion was 32.6%. A thick bowel wall (p < 0.001), mesenteric edema (p < 0.001), and ascites (p = 0.009) were more frequently associated with SMVT, whereas diminished bowel enhancement (p = 0.003) and paralytic ileus (p = 0.039) were more frequent in SMAT. Diminished bowel enhancement (OR = 20; p = 0.007) and paralytic ileus (OR = 16; p = 0.033) were independent findings suggesting life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Conclusion The ancillary CT findings occur with different frequencies in SMAT and SMVT. However, the independent findings indicating life-threatening mesenteric occlusion are diminished bowel wall enhancement and paralytic ileus. PMID:23323029

  19. Book Review of Web Services in the Enterprise: Concepts, Standards, Solutions, and Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yazhe Tang; Hanan Lutfiyya

    2006-01-01

    Web Services in the Enterprise: Concepts, Standards, Solutions, and Management. Akhil Sahai and Sven Graupner. New York: Springer, 2005. 312 pp For those who have an academic background of distributed systems and management, upon acquainting oneself with Web services two questions are usually raised: (1) What is the difference between Web services and middleware like CORBA? (2) What makes Web

  20. INTELLIGENT WIRELESS WEB SERVICES FOR TOURISM: A review of the enabling technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitris N. Kanellopoulos

    Intelligent wireless web (IWW) services could provide mobile tourists highly precise data and services on an as-needed basis, with flexibility of use for the user. The vision of IWW goes beyond just connecting mobile devices to the Internet. It encompasses the creation of a pervasive, user centred mobile environment, which has the ability to provide highly specific data and services

  1. Protocol for a systematic review on inequalities in postnatal care services utilization in low- and middle-income countries

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Each year, 287,000 women die from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth, and 3.8 million newborns die before reaching 28 days of life. The near totality (99%) of maternal and neonatal deaths occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Utilization of essential obstetric care services including postnatal care (PNC) largely contributes to the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. There is a strong need to evaluate the evidence on the unmet needs in utilization of PNC services to inform health policy planning. Our objective is to assess systematically the socioeconomic, geographic and demographic inequalities in the use of PNC interventions in low- and middle-income countries. Methods/Design The current protocol adopts a strategy informed by the guidelines of The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews. Our systematic review will identify studies in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Chinese – provided inclusion of an English abstract - from 1960 onwards, by searching MEDLINE (PubMed interface), EMBASE (OVID interface), Cochrane Central (OVID interface) and the gray literature. Study selection criteria include research setting, study design, reported outcomes and determinants of interest. Our primary outcome is the utilization of PNC services, and determinants of concern are: 1) socioeconomic status (for example, income, education); 2) geographic determinants (for example, distance to a health center, rural versus urban residence); and 3) demographic determinants (for example, ethnicity, immigration status). Screening, data abstraction, and scientific quality assessment will be conducted independently by two reviewers using standardized forms. Where feasible, study results will be combined through meta-analyses to obtain a pooled measure of association between utilization of PNC services and key determinants. Results will be stratified by countries’ income levels (World Bank classification). Discussion Our review will inform policy-making with the aim of decreasing inequalities in utilization of PNC services. This research will provide evidence on unmet needs for PNC services in LMICs, knowledge gaps and recommendations to health policy planners. Our research will help promote universal coverage of quality PNC services as an integral part of the continuum of maternal and child health care. This protocol was registered with the Prospero database (registration number: CRD42013004661). PMID:23830501

  2. Use of quality information in decision-making about health and social care services - a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Turnpenny, Agnes; Beadle-Brown, Julie

    2015-07-01

    User choice and personalisation have been at the centre of health and social care policies in many countries. Exercising choice can be especially challenging for people with long-term conditions (LTC) or disabilities. Information about the quality, cost and availability of services is central to user choice. This study used systematic review methods to synthesise evidence in three main areas: (i) how people with LTC or disabilities and their family carers find and access information about the quality of services; (ii) how quality information is used in decision-making; and (iii) what type of quality information is most useful. Quality information was defined broadly and could include formal quality reports (e.g. inspection reports, report cards, etc.), information about the characteristics of a service or provider (e.g. number and qualifications of staff, facilities, etc.) and informal reports about quality (e.g. personal experience, etc.). Literature searches were carried out using electronic databases in January 2012. Thirteen papers reporting findings from empirical studies published between 2001 and 2012 were included in the review. The majority of papers (n = 9) had a qualitative design. The analysis highlighted the use of multiple sources of information in decision-making about services and in particular the importance of informal sources and extended social networks in accessing information. There is limited awareness and use of 'official' and online information sources. Service users or family carers place greater emphasis on general information and structural indicators. Clinical or quality-of-life outcomes are often difficult to interpret and apply. Trust emerged a key issue in relation to quality information. Experiential and subjective information is highly valued and trusted. Various barriers to the effective use of quality information in making choices about services are identified. Implications for policy and future research are discussed. PMID:25243842

  3. Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies

    PubMed Central

    Hulshof, C. T.; Verbeek, J. H.; van Dijk, F. J.; van der Weide, W. E.; Braam, I. T.

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on the objective and object of evaluation. The amount of empirical studies on evaluation of OHSs or OHS activities that met the non-restrictive inclusion criteria, was remarkably limited. Most of the 52 studies were more descriptive than evaluative. The methodological quality of most studies was not high. A differentiated picture of the evidence of effectiveness of OHSs arises. Occupational health consultations and occupational rehabilitation are hardly studied despite much time spent on the consultation by occupational physicians in most countries. The lack of effectiveness and efficiency of the pre-employment examination should lead to its abandonment as a means of selection of personnel by OHSs. Periodic health monitoring or surveillance, and education on occupational health hazards can be carried out with reasonable process quality. Identification and evaluation of occupational health hazards by a workplace survey can be done with a high output quality, which, however, does not guarantee a favourable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Although rigorous study designs are not always applicable or feasible in daily practice, much more effort should be directed at the scientific evaluation of OHSs and OHS instruments. To develop evidence-based occupational health care the quality of evaluation studies should be improved. In particular, process and outcome of consultation and rehabilitation activities of occupational physicians need to be studied more.   PMID:10474531

  4. AIM-TWX Service at the University of Virginia: A Review and Evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Moll, Wilhelm

    1971-01-01

    The paper reviews the highlights of a four-week trial period (November 19-December 18, 1970) during which the Medical Library of the University of Virginia experimented with a new remote-access bibliographical control and retrieval system via its TWX machine. The system, called AIM-TWX, was sponsored by the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications and utilizes a timeshared IBM 360/67 computer in Santa Monica, California. Citations from 109 clinically-oriented journals from 1966 to date, including those currently included in the Abridged Index Medicus, may be retrieved either on- or off-line. Various aspects of this service are described, including problems of staffing, training, and record keeping, as well as the role of the MeSH vocabulary which is the principle “language” of the man-computer dialog. The statistical results indicated that the system was used for approximately 200 minutes on nineteen days and that an average of sixteen searches were run on any given day, or about 4.6 searches per hour of use. In spite of an inexperienced staff who had little knowledge of the MeSH vocabulary and whose training schedule was limited to one four-hour session, the experiment was highly successful in terms of searches and citations. At the end of the period, 298 searches had been run for 114 requestors, and 5,343 citations had been produced. Only fifty-five searches yielded no citations. The experiment generated a great deal of excitement and interest among the staff of the Library and of the Medical Center. Moreover, a large number of medical practitioners in large and small communities of Virginia participated in this experiment, indicating that there exists a great demand for this type of literature searching which AIM-TWX is able to provide with great rapidity. PMID:5172472

  5. Design Topics for Superconducting RF Cavities and Ancillaries

    E-print Network

    Padamsee, H

    2014-01-01

    RF superconductivity has become a major subfield of accelerator science. There has been an explosion in the number of accelerator applications and in the number of laboratories engaged. The first lecture at this meeting of the CAS presented a review of fundamental design principles to develop cavity geometries to accelerate velocity-of-light particles (? = v/c ~ 1), moving on to the corresponding design principles for medium-velocity (medium-?) and low-velocity (low-?) structures. The lecture included mechanical design topics. The second lecture dealt with input couplers, higher-order mode extraction couplers with absorbers, and tuners of both the slow and fast varieties.

  6. Managing Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parkinson, Simon Christopher

    Widespread access to renewable electricity is seen as a viable method to mitigate carbon emissions, although problematic are the issues associated with the integration of the generation systems within current power system configurations. Wind power plants are the primary large-scale renewable generation technology applied globally, but display considerable short-term supply variability that is difficult to predict. Power systems are currently not designed to operate under these conditions, and results in the need to increase operating reserve in order to guarantee stability. Often, operating conventional generation as reserve is both technically and economically inefficient, which can overshadow positive benefits associated with renewable energy exploitation. The purpose of this thesis is to introduce and assess an alternative method of enhancing power system operations through the control of electric loads. In particular, this thesis focuses on managing highly-distributed sustainable demand-side infrastructure, in the form of heat pumps, electric vehicles, and electrolyzers, as dispatchable short-term energy balancing resources. The main contribution of the thesis is an optimal control strategy capable of simultaneously balancing grid- and demand-side objectives. The viability of the load control strategy is assessed through model-based simulations that explicitly track end-use functionality of responsive devices within a power systems analysis typically implemented to observe the effects of integrated wind energy systems. Results indicate that there is great potential for the proposed method to displace the need for increased reserve capacity in systems considering a high penetration of wind energy, thereby allowing conventional generation to operate more efficiently and avoid the need for possible capacity expansions.

  7. Constitutional limits on federal legislation practically compelling medical employment: Wong v Commonwealth; Selim v Professional Services Review Committee.

    PubMed

    Faunce, Thomas

    2009-10-01

    A recent decision by the High Court of Australia (Wong v Commonwealth; Selim v Professional Services Review Committee (2009) 236 CLR 573) (the PSR case) has not only clarified the scope of the Australian constitutional prohibition on "any form of civil conscription" in relation to federal legislation concerning medical or dental services (s 51xxiiiA), but has highlighted its importance as a great constitutional guarantee ensuring the mixed State-federal and public-private nature of medical service delivery in Australia. Previous decisions of the High Court have clarified that the prohibition does not prevent federal laws regulating the manner in which medical services are provided. The PSR case determined that the anti-overservicing provisions directed at bulk-billing general practitioners under Pt VAA of the Health Insurance Act 1973 (Cth) did not offend the prohibition. Importantly, the High Court also indicated that the s 51(xxiiiA) civil conscription guarantee should be construed widely and that it would invalidate federal laws requiring providers of medical and dental services (either expressly or by practical compulsion) to work for the federal government or any specified State, agency or private industrial employer. This decision is likely to restrict the capacity of any future federal government to restructure the Australian health care system, eg by implementing recommendations from the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission for either federal government or private corporate control of presently State-run public hospitals. PMID:19998589

  8. Things That Work: Roles and Services of SPDF

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. E. McGuire; D. Bilitza; R. M. Candey; R. A. Chimiak; J. F. Cooper; L. N. Garcia; D. B. Han; B. T. Harris; R. C. Johnson; J. H. King; T. J. Kovalick; N. Lal; H. A. Leckner; M. H. Liu; N. E. Papitashvili; D. Roberts

    2010-01-01

    The current Heliophysics Science Data Management Policy (HpSDMP) defines the roles of the Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) project as a heliophysics active Final Archive (aFA), a focus for critical data infrastructure services and a center of excellence for data and ancillary information services. This presentation will highlight (1) select current SPDF activities, (2) the lessons we are continuing to

  9. 5 CFR 2424.22 - Exclusive representative's petition for review; purpose; content; severance; service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...RELATIONS AUTHORITY NEGOTIABILITY PROCEEDINGS Filing and Responding to a Petition for Review; Conferences § 2424.22 Exclusive representative's...review is to initiate a negotiability proceeding and provide the agency with...

  10. How Effective Are Short Message Service Reminders at Increasing Clinic Attendance? A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Guy, Rebecca; Hocking, Jane; Wand, Handan; Stott, Sam; Ali, Hammad; Kaldor, John

    2012-01-01

    Background and Objectives In the last few years there has been a steady uptake of mobile phone short message service (SMS) reminders to increase medical attendance rates. We undertook a review of studies that assessed the effectiveness of SMS reminders at increasing the uptake of appointments in health care settings. Methods We reviewed studies which involved a comparison of appointment attendance rates between patients who did and did not receive SMS reminders published prior to June 2010. We used meta-analysis methods to calculate the overall effect on attendance rates, stratified by study design and clinic type. Results The review criteria were met by 18 reports, made up of eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 10 controlled observational studies. Across all studies, there was significant heterogeneity in the estimated effect measure of the relationship between use of SMS reminders and clinic attendance (I2 = 90 percent; p < .01), so a summary effect estimate was not calculated. Stratification by study design showed that the heterogeneity was due to the observational studies. The summary effect from the RCTs was 1.48 (95% CI: 1.23–1.72) with no significant subgroup differences by clinic type (primary care clinics, hospital outpatient clinics), message timing (24, 48, and 72+ hours before the scheduled appointment), and target age group (pediatric, older). Conclusions Short message service reminders in health care settings substantially increase the likelihood of attending clinic appointments. SMS reminders appear to be a simple and efficient option for health services to use to improve service delivery, as well as resulting in health benefits for the patients who receive the reminders. PMID:22091980

  11. Review of the internship with the U.S.D.A. Soil Conservation Service 

    E-print Network

    Stine, Kimberli R.

    1989-01-01

    . seemed to spur public awareness and action. Congress passed into law Public Bill 46 that changed the Soil Erosion Service to the Soil Conservation Service (Appendix A). The service has grown from one man, Hugh H. Bennett, to thousands of employees... ? Range Conservationist, GS-454-7. 2 p. U. S. D. A. Soil Conservation Service, 1988. Conservation Planning for New Employees, Module 3. APPENDIX A 31 PUBLIC LAW No. 46 ? 74th CONCRESS (N. R. 7054) AN ACT To provide for the procection of land...

  12. Science Enabling Roles and Services of SPDF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGuire, R. E.; Bilitza, D.; Candey, R. M.; Chimiak, R. A.; Cooper, J. F.; Garcia, L. N.; Harris, B. T.; Johnson, R. C.; King, J. H.; Kovalick, T. J.; Lal, N.; Leckner, H. A.; Liu, M. H.; Papitashvili, N. E.; Roberts, D.

    2011-12-01

    The current Heliophysics Science Data Management Policy defines the roles of the Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) project as a heliophysics active Final Archive, a focus for critical data infrastructure services and a center of excellence for data and ancillary information services. This presentation will highlight some of our current activities and our understanding of why and how our services are useful to researchers, as well as SPDF's programmatic emphasis in the coming year. We will discuss how, in cooperation with the Heliophysics Virtual discipline Observatories (VxOs), we are working closely with the RBSP and MMS mission teams to support their decisions to use CDF as a primary format for their public data products, to leverage the ongoing data flows and capabilities of CDAWeb (directly and through external clients such as Autoplot) to serve their data in a multi-mission context and to use SSCWeb to assist community science planning and analysis. Among other current activities, we will also discuss and demonstrate our continuing effort to make the Virtual Space Physics Observatory (VSPO) service comprehensive in all significant and NASA relevant heliophysics data. The OMNI and OMNI High Resolution datasets remain current and heavily cited in publications. We are expanding our FTP file services to include online archived non-CDF data from all active missions, which is a re-hosting of this function from NSSDC's FTP site. We have extended the definitions of time in CDF to unambiguously and consistently handle leap seconds. We are improving SSCWeb for much faster performance, more capabilities and a web services interface to Query functionality. We will also review how CDAWeb data can be easily accessed within IDL and new features in CDAWeb.

  13. Planning for Deinstitutionalization: A Review of Principles, Methods, and Applications. Human Services Monograph Series Number 28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutman, Irvin D., Ed.

    This monograph advances ideas to aid planners and administrators responsible for the development of deinstitutionalization services for the disabled to develop a more rigorous, systematic approach to the provision of these services. The seven chapters of the publication, each written by a recognized leader in the field, focus on the following: (1)…

  14. Study of Food Service Management Companies in School Nutrition Programs. Contract Review Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price Waterhouse, Washington, DC. Office of Government Services.

    In fall 1990, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) contracted with Price Waterhouse to complete a study of the use of food-service management companies (FSMCs) by school districts that participate in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the Tentative findings include: (1) contracts between school…

  15. Critical review of guidelines for checking vibration serviceability of post-tensioned concrete floors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Pavic; P Reynolds; P Waldron; K. J Bennett

    2001-01-01

    As spans and slenderness of post-tensioned concrete office floors increase, their vibration behaviour is becoming increasingly important. Although now recognised worldwide to be an important design issue, detailed guidance on the checking of the vibration serviceability of post-tensioned floors is not readily available in national building codes of practice. The only detailed guidelines developed worldwide specifically for checking vibration serviceability

  16. Book Review of Emerging Markets for Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of the Panama Canal Watershed

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This book is an outstanding contribution to our current, applied knowledge on markets of ecosystems services. In an integrated framework of study, the authors assessed the opportunities and limitations of carbon sequestration mainly via reforestation, hydrological services (water quantity and qualit...

  17. Effectiveness of community-based health services by nurse practitioners: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Kanda, Mikiko; Ota, Erika; Fukuda, Hiromi; Miyauchi, Shinji; Gilmour, Stuart; Kono, Yuko; Nakagama, Erika; Murashima, Sachiyo; Shibuya, Kenji

    2015-01-01

    Introduction To realise universal health coverage in an ageing society, adequate provision of appropriately trained human resources is essential. The nurse practitioner (NP) is an autonomous and independent, advanced practice nurse capable of providing treatment and care that can be substituted for some aspects of a medical doctor's (MD's) role, especially in a community setting. Previous systematic reviews found higher levels of patient satisfaction with services provided by NPs than those provided by MDs. As non-communicable diseases become a major health burden requiring long-term healthcare in community settings, this systematic review aims to assess the equivalence of NP services to standard care provided by MDs, and to determine whether their practice is an effective alternative to that of MDs in community settings. Methods and analysis Relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cluster RCTs will be searched in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the British Nursing Index. We will assess patient and health system utilisation outcomes of interventions comparing treatment and care provided by NPs in community settings with that provided by MDs. Two authors will independently screen studies for inclusion, consulting with a third author where necessary to resolve discrepancies. The risk of bias of included studies will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool, and quality of evidence using the GRADE approach. Meta-analysis of included studies will be conducted using fixed-effect or random-effects models depending on the degree of between-study heterogeneity. Results will be presented using risk ratios with 95% CI for dichotomous outcomes and standardised mean differences with 95% CI for continuous outcomes. Ethics and dissemination This systematic review and meta-analysis protocol does not require ethical approval. We will disseminate the findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis via publications in peer-reviewed journals. Trial registration number PROSPEROCRD42014009627. PMID:26105030

  18. The TIGRESS Integrated Plunger ancillary systems for electromagnetic transition rate studies at TRIUMF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voss, P.; Henderson, R.; Andreoiu, C.; Ashley, R.; Austin, R. A. E.; Ball, G. C.; Bender, P. C.; Bey, A.; Cheeseman, A.; Chester, A.; Cross, D. S.; Drake, T. E.; Garnsworthy, A. B.; Hackman, G.; Holland, R.; Ketelhut, S.; Kowalski, P.; Krücken, R.; Laffoley, A. T.; Leach, K. G.; Miller, D.; Mills, W. J.; Moukaddam, M.; Pearson, C. J.; Pore, J.; Rand, E. T.; Rajabali, M. M.; Rizwan, U.; Shoults, J.; Starosta, K.; Svensson, C. E.; Tardiff, E.; Unsworth, C.; Van Wieren, K.; Wang, Z.-M.; Williams, J.

    2014-05-01

    The TIGRESS Integrated Plunger device is a new experimental tool for nuclear structure investigations via gamma-ray spectroscopy with post-accelerated beams from the ISAC-II facility at TRIUMF. Several ancillary detection systems integral to the device's capabilities for charged-particle tagging and light-ion identification following a variety of nuclear reaction mechanisms have been constructed and characterized. In particular, a silicon PIN diode wall, an annular silicon segmented detector, and a CsI(Tl) scintillator wall have together enabled particle-gamma correlations for reaction channel selectivity and precision kinematic reconstruction in recent measurements. We highlight the construction, characteristics, and implementation of the device's ancillary detectors as they enable a rich set of electromagnetic transition rate measurements via Doppler-shift lifetime techniques and low-energy Coulomb excitation.

  19. Ancillary Qubit Spectroscopy of Vacua in Cavity and Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lolli, Jared; Baksic, Alexandre; Nagy, David; Manucharyan, Vladimir E.; Ciuti, Cristiano

    2015-05-01

    We investigate theoretically how the spectroscopy of an ancillary qubit can probe cavity (circuit) QED ground states containing photons. We consider three classes of systems (Dicke, Tavis-Cummings, and Hopfield-like models), where nontrivial vacua are the result of ultrastrong coupling between N two-level systems and a single-mode bosonic field. An ancillary qubit detuned with respect to the boson frequency is shown to reveal distinct spectral signatures depending on the type of vacua. In particular, the Lamb shift of the ancilla is sensitive to both ground state photon population and correlations. Backaction of the ancilla on the cavity ground state is investigated, taking into account the dissipation via a consistent master equation for the ultrastrong coupling regime. The conditions for high-fidelity measurements are determined.

  20. Ancillary Therapy and Supportive Care of Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease: National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Project on Criteria for Clinical Trials in Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease: V. Ancillary Therapy and Supportive Care Working Group Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Couriel; Paul A. Carpenter; Corey Cutler; Javier Bolaños-Meade; Nathaniel S. Treister; Juan Gea-Banacloche; Paul Shaughnessy; Sharon Hymes; Stella Kim; Alan S. Wayne; Jason W. Chien; Joyce Neumann; Sandra Mitchell; Karen Syrjala; Carina K. Moravec; Linda Abramovitz; Jerry Liebermann; Ann Berger; Lynn Gerber; Mary Schubert; Alexandra H. Filipovich; Daniel Weisdorf; Mark M. Schubert; Howard Shulman; Kirk Schultz; Barbara Mittelman; Steven Pavletic; Georgia B. Vogelsang; Paul J. Martin; Stephanie J. Lee; Mary E. D. Flowers

    2006-01-01

    The Ancillary Therapy and Supportive Care Working Group had 3 goals: (1) to establish guidelines for ancillary therapy and supportive care in chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), including treatment for symptoms and recommendations for patient education, preventive measures, and appropriate follow-up; (2) to provide guidelines for the prevention and management of infections and other common complications of treatment for chronic GVHD;

  1. Ancillary Therapy and Supportive Care of Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease: National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Project on Criteria for Clinical Trials in Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease: V. Ancillary Therapy and Supportive Care Working Group Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Couriel; Paul A. Carpenter; Corey Cutler; Javier Bolaños-Meade; Nathaniel S. Treister; Juan Gea-Banacloche; Paul Shaughnessy; Sharon Hymes; Stella Kim; Alan S. Wayne; Jason W. Chien; Joyce Neumann; Sandra Mitchell; Karen Syrjala; Carina K. Moravec; Linda Abramovitz; Jerry Liebermann; Lynn Gerber; Mary Schubert; Alexandra H. Filipovich; Daniel Weisdorf; Mark M. Schubert; Howard Shulman; Kirk Schultz; Barbara Mittelman; Steven Pavletic; Georgia B. Vogelsang; Paul J. Martin; Stephanie J. Lee; Mary E. D. Flowers

    The Ancillary Therapy and Supportive Care Working Group had 3 goals: (1) to establish guidelines for ancillary therapy and supportive care in chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), including treatment for symptoms and recommendations for patient education, preventive measures, and appropriate follow-up; (2) to provide guidelines for the prevention and management of infections and other common complications of treatment for chronic GVHD;

  2. Personal Services Agreements Policy

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Policy Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance and Administration (DPA) Personnel Rules, Chapter 10, govern the procurement of personal services, personal services and disseminate policies and procedures establishing a Personal Services Review Program. While the State Personnel

  3. BOSTON UNIVERSITY Rehabilitation Services

    E-print Network

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    BOSTON UNIVERSITY Rehabilitation Services NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES Effective: April 14, 2003 to this information. Please review it carefully. Patient Privacy Boston University Rehabilitation Services OF YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION Each time you receive services at Boston University Rehabilitation Services

  4. A Review of the Literature on Rural and Remote Pre-Service Teacher Preparation with a Focus on Blended and E-Learning Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Sarah Elaine; Dressler, Roswita; Gereluk, Dianne

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To review a broad array of current literature related to pre-service teacher education offered in blended and e-learning formats, with a focus on rural and remote teacher education. Results: The range of literature that we have surveyed is broad. We have consulted peer-reviewed academic journals, books, conference proceedings, government…

  5. Service Engagement in Interventions for Street-Connected Children and Young People: A Summary of Evidence Supplementing a Recent Cochrane-Campbell Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossain, Rosa; Coren, Esther

    2015-01-01

    Background: This paper builds on a Cochrane-Campbell systematic review of interventions that reduce harms and promote reintegration in street-connected children and young people focusing on intervention outcomes. The aim of the present analysis is to explore questions raised in the systematic review over the potential role of service engagement in…

  6. Improved Sea Surface Salinity Retrievals using Ancillary data for Aquarius Ocean Roughness Correction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, L.; Hejazin, Y.; Rabollii, M.

    2012-12-01

    The Aquarius/SAC-D sea surface salinity (SSS) measurement mission was launched into polar orbit during the summer of 2011. The prime sensor is a combined L-band radiometer/scatterometer developed jointly by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which derives SSS from ocean surface brightness temperature (Tb) measurements. This paper deals with a method of improving AQ SSS by making a making an ocean roughness brightness temperature correction (?Tbr). The ?Tbr is derived using several ancillary data sources of surface wind measurements, namely; NOAA numerical weather model - Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS), WindSat ocean vector wind, and the CONAE Microwave Radiometer (MWR). The basis of the correction is the excess (warming) brightness temperature that is produced when the ocean is roughened by the surface wind. We model the increase in L-band Tb as a function of wind speed and direction relative to the antenna azimuth look direction. Our radiative transfer model by El-Nimri [2010] has been tuned to actual AQ ocean surface Tb's with corresponding surface wind vector. Using this ocean emissivity model and the ancillary wind vector, we derive the roughness correction, ?Tbr, which is applied to the AQ measured ocean surface Tb before retrieving SSS. Finally the effect of ?Tbr is evaluated by computing the difference between the HYCOM ocean salinity model and the AQ retrievals. These differences are cross correlated with the ancillary surface wind vector to assess the effectiveness of the roughness correction. Finally, we compare our ?Tbr with the AQ scatterometer derived ?Tbr. We compare the similarities and differenced versus the ancillary surface wind speed. S. El-Nimri et al., 2010, "An improved C-band ocean surface emissivity model at hurricane force wind speeds over a wide range of earth incidence angles," IEEE Geosci. Rem. Sens. Letters, vol. 7, NO. 4, October.

  7. Value of ancillary studies in the evaluation of fine-needle aspiration specimens: Our experience

    PubMed Central

    Mutreja, D; Nijhawan, Vijay S; Srinivasa, V; Lakhtakia, R; Subramanya, H

    2012-01-01

    Background: The cytological diagnosis of poorly differentiated tumors is challenging because the tumor cells may have morphologically difficult presentations in materials obtained by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). With the application of FNAC in primary diagnosis of malignant lesions, there has been a significant increase in the use of ancillary studies in the aspirated material. Aims: We evaluated the value of ancillary studies, namely cell blocks, immunocytochemistry (ICC) and electron microscopy (EM), in the final interpretation of FNAC smears. Materials and Methods: Sixty-nine cases of neoplastic swellings were subjected to FNAC. Material acquired was divided for ICC, consisting of immunoperoxidase staining of direct smears, and/or cellblocks and EM, in addition to routine light microscopy (LM). Correlation with the available histological material with immunohistochemistry and/or pertinent clinical information was used as a “gold” standard. Results: Five (7.2%) cases were excluded from the study, the material being necrotic or insufficient. Cell blocks were available in 46/64 (71.8%) cases, ICC evaluation was performed in 41/64 cases (64%) and EM studies were done in 57/64 cases (89%). Diagnostic accuracy of LM alone was 32/64 (50%). Cell blocks improved the diagnoses in 8/46 (17%) cases. The ICC data were diagnostic in 18/41 (43.9%) cases, helpful in 8/41 (19.6%) cases and non-helpful in 15/41 (36.5%) cases. EM studies were diagnostic in 22/57 (38.5%) cases, helpful in 18/57 (31.5%) cases and non-helpful in 17/57 (30%) cases. In 34/64 (53.1%) cases, all ancillary techniques (cell blocks, ICC and EM) were applied and their diagnostic accuracy was compared. Conclusions: With appropriate case selection, ancillary studies performed on aspirated material can provide useful information in FNAC. PMID:22787289

  8. Solitary Tracheobronchial Papilloma: Cytomorphology and ancillary studies with histologic correlation

    PubMed Central

    Lang, Tee U.; Khalbuss, Walid E.; Monaco, Sara E.; Pantanowitz, Liron

    2011-01-01

    Solitary tracheobronchial papilloma (STBP) is a rare benign tumor that primarily involves the tracheobronchial tree. Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is associated with dysplasia and a high risk of carcinoma in these lesions. The cytomorphology of STBP is not well established in the literature. Our aim is to characterize the cytomorphologic features of STBP, with histologic correlation in a series of 6 patients — 4 males and 2 females — with a mean age of 67 years (range, 53-88 years). There were 5 biopsy-proven squamous papillomas and 1 glandular papilloma. On surgical biopsy, squamous papillomas exhibited cytological atypia (4 graded mild and 1 graded moderate with focal severe dysplasia), surface erosion, and inflammation. Cytology specimens available for review included a combination of 4 fine-needle aspirations (FNAs), 2 bronchoalveolar lavages and 2 (of 3) bronchial brushings. Cytologic findings associated with squamous papillomas included atypical squamous cells and rare squamous cell resembling koilocyte in 1 bronchial brushing. Sheets of squamous cells were identified in another specimen. Several cases had a prominent background of acute inflammation, and candida was present in 1 specimen. HPV in-situ hybridization was positive in 1 case and negative in 2 cases. A p16 immunocytochemical stain performed on 1 cell block was negative. In conclusion, although STBP is a rare neoplasm, these cases may be encountered in respiratory cytology samples. FNA of papillomas yields fewer lesional cells compared to exfoliative samples. These lesions may be mistaken in cytology specimens for squamous cell carcinoma, squamous-lined cavitary lesions, an infectious (fungal) process, reactive squamous metaplasia, or oral contamination. PMID:21383960

  9. Choosing the right laboratory: a review of clinical and forensic toxicology services for urine drug testing in pain management.

    PubMed

    Reisfield, Gary M; Goldberger, Bruce A; Bertholf, Roger L

    2015-01-01

    Urine drug testing (UDT) services are provided by a variety of clinical, forensic, and reference/specialty laboratories. These UDT services differ based on the principal activity of the laboratory. Clinical laboratories provide testing primarily focused on medical care (eg, emergency care, inpatients, and outpatient clinics), whereas forensic laboratories perform toxicology tests related to postmortem and criminal investigations, and drug-free workplace programs. Some laboratories now provide UDT specifically designed for monitoring patients on chronic opioid therapy. Accreditation programs for clinical laboratories have existed for nearly half a century, and a federal certification program for drug-testing laboratories was established in the 1980s. Standards of practice for forensic toxicology services other than workplace drug testing have been established in recent years. However, no accreditation program currently exists for UDT in pain management, and this review considers several aspects of laboratory accreditation and certification relevant to toxicology services, with the intention to provide guidance to clinicians in their selection of the appropriate laboratory for UDT surveillance of their patients on opioid therapy. PMID:25750163

  10. Clinical Uncertainties, Health Service Challenges, and Ethical Complexities of HIV “Test-and-Treat”: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Kavita R.; Sarma, Karthik V.; Mahajan, Anish P.

    2013-01-01

    Despite the HIV “test-and-treat” strategy’s promise, questions about its clinical rationale, operational feasibility, and ethical appropriateness have led to vigorous debate in the global HIV community. We performed a systematic review of the literature published between January 2009 and May 2012 using PubMed, SCOPUS, Global Health, Web of Science, BIOSIS, Cochrane CENTRAL, EBSCO Africa-Wide Information, and EBSCO CINAHL Plus databases to summarize clinical uncertainties, health service challenges, and ethical complexities that may affect the test-and-treat strategy’s success. A thoughtful approach to research and implementation to address clinical and health service questions and meaningful community engagement regarding ethical complexities may bring us closer to safe, feasible, and effective test-and-treat implementation. PMID:23597344

  11. 41 CFR 102-72.69 - What additional terms and conditions apply to an Executive agencies' delegation of ancillary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...and conditions apply to an Executive agencies' delegation of ancillary repair and alteration authority...MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 72-DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY Delegation of Authority § 102-72.69 What...

  12. 41 CFR 102-72.67 - What work is covered under an ancillary repair and alteration delegation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...covered under an ancillary repair and alteration delegation? 102-72.67 Section 102-72.67 ...MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 72-DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY Delegation of Authority § 102-72.67 What...

  13. 41 CFR 102-72.67 - What work is covered under an ancillary repair and alteration delegation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...covered under an ancillary repair and alteration delegation? 102-72.67 Section 102-72.67 ...MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 72-DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY Delegation of Authority § 102-72.67 What...

  14. 41 CFR 102-72.66 - Do Executive agencies have a delegation of authority to perform ancillary repair and alteration...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Do Executive agencies have a delegation of authority to perform ancillary repair and...MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 72-DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY Delegation of Authority § 102-72.66 Do...

  15. Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2012-06-14

    A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

  16. 75 FR 65528 - Membership of the National Science Board's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Membership of the National...Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Announcement of Membership of the National Science Foundation's Performance...

  17. 62 FR 55279 - Institute of Museum and Library Services; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1997-10-23

    ...Education and training of persons in library and information science, particularly in areas of new technology...improvement of libraries, education in library and information science, enhancement of library services through effective and...

  18. 47 CFR 76.945 - Procedures for Commission review of basic service rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...within 30 days, with a copy to the local franchising authority. (b) Basic service...on the cable operator and the local franchising authority. The cable operator may...on both the petitioner and the local franchising authority. (d) Filings...

  19. 47 CFR 76.945 - Procedures for Commission review of basic service rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...within 30 days, with a copy to the local franchising authority. (b) Basic service...on the cable operator and the local franchising authority. The cable operator may...on both the petitioner and the local franchising authority. (d) Filings...

  20. 47 CFR 76.930 - Initiation of review of basic cable service and equipment rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...rates for the basic service tier and associated equipment with a franchising authority within 30 days of receiving written notification from the franchising authority that the franchising authority has been certified by the Commission to...

  1. 77 FR 56824 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ...Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) Annual Payback Report SUMMARY: The Annual...status of ``current'' and ``exited'' RSA scholars who are/were the recipients of...rehabilitation fields and degrees pursued by RSA scholars, as well as the fund owed...

  2. 78 FR 36011 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ...appraisals of Senior Executive Service members of the Social Security Administration: Seth Binstock* Donna Calvert* Brad Flick Hyacinth Hinojosa* James Julian Lydia Marshall* Royce Min* Van Nguyen DeBorah Russell Vance Teel Amy Thompson* Laura Train*...

  3. The implications of the feminization of the primary care physician workforce on service supply: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    There is a widespread perception that the increasing proportion of female physicians in most developed countries is contributing to a primary care service shortage because females work less and provide less patient care compared with their male counterparts. There has, however, been no comprehensive investigation of the effects of primary care physician (PCP) workforce feminization on service supply. We undertook a systematic review to examine the current evidence that quantifies the effect of feminization on time spent working, intensity and scope of work, and practice characteristics. We searched Medline, Embase, and Web of Science from 1991 to 2013 using variations of the terms ‘primary care’, ‘women’, ‘manpower’, and ‘supply and distribution’; screened the abstracts of all articles; and entered those meeting our inclusion criteria into a data abstraction tool. Original research comparing male to female PCPs on measures of years of practice, time spent working, intensity of work, scope of work, or practice characteristics was included. We screened 1,271 unique abstracts and selected 74 studies for full-text review. Of these, 34 met the inclusion criteria. Years of practice, hours of work, intensity of work, scope of work, and practice characteristics featured in 12%, 53%, 42%, 50%, and 21% of studies respectively. Female PCPs self-report fewer hours of work than male PCPs, have fewer patient encounters, and deliver fewer services, but spend longer with their patients during a contact and deal with more separate presenting problems in one visit. They write fewer prescriptions but refer to diagnostic services and specialist physicians more often. The studies included in this review suggest that the feminization of the workforce is likely to have a small negative impact on the availability of primary health care services, and that the drivers of observed differences between male and female PCPs are complex and nuanced. The true scale of the impact of these findings on future effective physician supply is difficult to determine with currently available evidence, given that few studies looked at trends over time, and results from those that did are inconsistent. Additional research examining gender differences in practice patterns and scope of work is warranted. PMID:24898264

  4. Building effective service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 2

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey D Fuller; David Perkins; Sharon Parker; Louise Holdsworth; Brian Kelly; Russell Roberts; Lee Martinez; Lyn Fragar

    2011-01-01

    Background  Primary care services have not generally been effective in meeting mental health care needs. There is evidence that collaboration\\u000a between primary care and specialist mental health services can improve clinical and organisational outcomes. It is not clear\\u000a however what factors enable or hinder effective collaboration. The objective of this study was to examine the factors that\\u000a enable effective collaboration between

  5. Use of a systematic review to inform the infection risk for biomedical engineers and technicians servicing biomedical devices.

    PubMed

    Smith, Anne-Louise

    2011-12-01

    Many microorganisms responsible for hospital-acquired infections are able to stay viable on surfaces with no visible sign of contamination, in dry conditions and on non-porous surfaces. The infection risk to biomedical staff when servicing biomedical devices is not documented. An indirect approach has been used to examine the different aspects that will affect the risk of infection including a systematic review of microbial contamination and transmission relating to biomedical devices. A systematic review found 58% of biomedical devices have microbial contamination with 13% having at least one pathogenic organism. These microbes can persist for some months. Occupational-infections of biomedical service staff are low compared to other healthcare workers. A biomedical device with contaminated surface or dust was identified as the source of patient outbreaks in 13 papers. The cleaning agent most tested for removal of micro-organisms from devices was alcohol swabs, but sterile water swabs were also effective. However, manufacturers mainly recommend (74%) cleaning devices with water and detergent. Biomedical engineers and technicians have a small risk of being exposed to dangerous micro-organisms on most biomedical devices, but without skin breakage, this exposure is unlikely to cause ill-health. It is recommended that biomedical staff follow good infection control practices, wipe devices with detergent, sterile water or alcohol swabs as recommended by the manufacturer before working on them, and keep alcohol hand rubs accessible at all benches. PMID:22015848

  6. An integrative review and evidence-based conceptual model of the essential components of pre-service education

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background With decreasing global resources, a pervasive critical shortage of skilled health workers, and a growing disease burden in many countries, the need to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of pre-service education in low-and middle-income countries has never been greater. Methods We performed an integrative review of the literature to analyse factors contributing to quality pre-service education and created a conceptual model that shows the links between essential elements of quality pre-service education and desired outcomes. Results The literature contains a rich discussion of factors that contribute to quality pre-service education, including the following: (1) targeted recruitment of qualified students from rural and low-resource settings appears to be a particularly effective strategy for retaining students in vulnerable communities after graduation; (2) evidence supports a competency-based curriculum, but there is no clear evidence supporting specific curricular models such as problem-based learning; (3) the health workforce must be well prepared to address national health priorities; (4) the role of the preceptor and preceptors’ skills in clinical teaching, identifying student learning needs, assessing student learning, and prioritizing and time management are particularly important; (5) modern, Internet-enabled medical libraries, skills and simulation laboratories, and computer laboratories to support computer-aided instruction are elements of infrastructure meriting strong consideration; and (6) all students must receive sufficient clinical practice opportunities in high-quality clinical learning environments in order to graduate with the competencies required for effective practice. Few studies make a link between PSE and impact on the health system. Nevertheless, it is logical that the production of a trained and competent staff through high-quality pre-service education and continuing professional development activities is the foundation required to achieve the desired health outcomes. Professional regulation, deployment practices, workplace environment upon graduation and other service delivery contextual factors were analysed as influencing factors that affect educational outcomes and health impact. Conclusions Our model for pre-service education reflects the investments that must be made by countries into programmes capable of leading to graduates who are competent for the health occupations and professions at the time of their entry into the workforce. PMID:23984867

  7. 77 FR 21622 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-10

    ...the discussion, examination, reference to, and oral review of the research applications and critiques. During the closed potion of the meeting, discussion and recommendations will include qualifications of the personnel conducting the studies (the...

  8. 75 FR 14441 - General Services Administration; Office of Governmentwide Policy; Submission for Review; Tangible...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ...Policy; Submission for Review; Tangible Personal Property Report; Standard Form SF-428...collection requirement regarding tangible personal property. Requests for public comments...OMB Control No. 3090-XXXX, Tangible Personal Property Report, in all...

  9. 75 FR 77921 - Office of Administrative Services; Mandatory Declassification Review Address

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-14

    ...OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION Office of Administrative...Declassification Review Address AGENCY: Overseas Private Investment Corporation. ACTION: Notice...33, this notice provides the Overseas Private Investment Corporation address to...

  10. 76 FR 64351 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Zero Burden...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ...Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Zero Burden Information Collection Reports AGENCY...information collection requirement regarding zero burden information collection reports...by Information Collection 3090- 0250, Zero Burden Information Collection...

  11. 78 FR 60816 - Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-02

    ...of the SES Performance Review Board of the U.S. Agency for International Development, Office of Inspector General: Lisa Risley, Assistant Inspector General for Investigations Robert S. Ross, Assistant Inspector General for Management Lisa S....

  12. 77 FR 62211 - Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-12

    ...of the SES Performance Review Board of the U.S. Agency for International Development, Office of Inspector General: Lisa Risley, Assistant Inspector General for Investigations Robert S. Ross, Assistant Inspector General for Management Lisa S....

  13. PERFORMANCE INDICATORS IN LOGISTICS SERVICE PROVISION AND WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT - A LITERATURE REVIEW AND FRAMEWORK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elfriede Krauth; Hans Moonen; Viara Popova; Martijn Schut

    With the ever increasing focus on cost reduction, product leadership and customer intimacy, the need for Supply Chain Management practices rises across many industries. Over the last two decades Logistics Service Providers have become important players in many chains and industries. New challenges arise due to the emergence of technologies. Data and information can be found anywhere, however, to make

  14. Reviewing South Australian ESL Programs and Services: Implications for Teachers and Learners at Senior Secondary Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Anne Marie

    2009-01-01

    Currently each state and territory in Australia offers its own range of ESOL services and programs, guided by policy and supported by funding from both national, state and territory authorities, with some variations occurring across jurisdictions (government, independent, Catholic). The National Curriculum Board (now renamed the Australian…

  15. Hospice and Palliative Care Development in Africa: A Multi-Method Review of Services and Experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Clark; Michael Wright; Jennifer Hunt; Thomas Lynch

    2007-01-01

    There is a paucity of information on hospice and palliative care provision in Africa and only a weak evidence base upon which to build policy and practice development. We set out to assess the current state of provision across the continent, mapping the existence of services country by country and exploring the perspectives and experiences of those involved. A multi-method

  16. Financial incentives for return of service in underserved areas: a systematic review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Till Bärnighausen; David E. Bloom

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In many geographic regions, both in developing and in developed countries, the number of health workers is insufficient to achieve population health goals. Financial incentives for return of service are intended to alleviate health worker shortages: A (future) health worker enters into a contract to work for a number of years in an underserved area in exchange for a

  17. A Review of Selected Ecosystem Services Supplied by Coastal Wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes

    EPA Science Inventory

    Significant ecosystem services derive from the coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes even though they have undergone substantial declines since European settlement. Basin-wide, two-thirds of the original coastal wetlands have been lost, and the remaining 126,000 ha of US...

  18. Foreign direct investment and trade in health services: A review of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard D Smith

    2004-01-01

    Globalization is a key challenge facing health policy-makers. A significant aspect of this is direct trade in health services, a result of the rise of transnational corporations, challenges in health care financing, porous borders and improved technology creating the scope for increased ‘foreign direct investment’ (FDI) in health care. This has gathered momentum with the General Agreement on Trade in

  19. The Impact of Clinical Social Franchising on Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Beyeler, Naomi; York De La Cruz, Anna; Montagu, Dominic

    2013-01-01

    Background The private sector plays a large role in health services delivery in low- and middle-income countries; yet significant gaps remain in the quality and accessibility of private sector services. Clinical social franchising, which applies the commercial franchising model to achieve social goals and improve health care, is increasingly used in developing countries to respond to these limitations. Despite the growth of this approach, limited evidence documents the effect of social franchising on improving health care quality and access. Objectives and Methods We examined peer-reviewed and grey literature to evaluate the effect of social franchising on health care quality, equity, cost-effectiveness, and health outcomes. We included all studies of clinical social franchise programs located in low- and middle-income countries. We assessed study bias using the WHO-Johns Hopkins Rigour Scale and used narrative synthesis to evaluate the findings. Results Of 113 identified articles, 23 were included in this review; these evaluated a small sample of franchises globally and focused on reproductive health franchises. Results varied widely across outcomes and programs. Social franchising was positively associated with increased client volume and client satisfaction. The findings on health care utilization and health impact were mixed; some studies find that franchises significantly outperform other models of health care, while others show franchises are equivalent to or worse than other private or public clinics. In two areas, cost-effectiveness and equity, social franchises were generally found to have poorer outcomes. Conclusions Our review indicates that social franchising may strengthen some elements of private sector health care. However, gaps in the evidence remain. Additional research should include: further documentation of the effect of social franchising, evaluating the equity and cost-effectiveness of this intervention, and assessing the role of franchising within the context of the greater healthcare delivery system. PMID:23637757

  20. Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-03-01

    WEB WATCH (204) Try unearthing some interesting information about archaeology BOOK REVIEWS (206) Teaching and assessing practical skills Book Review: Learn to drive with Sir Isaac Newton DVD REVIEW (207) Bring some sunshine into the classroom EQUIPMENT REVIEWS (208) Robust air puck takes a kicking Flowlog offers sensing options plus multimode datalogging Mastering Chladni figures takes practice but it offers surprises

  1. Successfully integrating aged care services: a review of the evidence and tools emerging from a long-term care program

    PubMed Central

    Stewart, Michael J.; Georgiou, Andrew; Westbrook, Johanna I.

    2013-01-01

    Background Providing efficient and effective aged care services is one of the greatest public policy concerns currently facing governments. Increasing the integration of care services has the potential to provide many benefits including increased access, promoting greater efficiency, and improving care outcomes. There is little research, however, investigating how integrated aged care can be successfully achieved. The PRISMA (Program of Research to Integrate Services for the Maintenance of Autonomy) project, from Quebec, Canada, is one of the most systematic and sustained bodies of research investigating the translation and outcomes of an integrated care policy into practice. The PRISMA research program has run since 1988, yet there has been no independent systematic review of this work to draw out the lessons learnt. Methods Narrative review of all literature emanating from the PRISMA project between 1988 and 2012. Researchers accessed an online list of all published papers from the program website. The reference lists of papers were hand searched to identify additional literature. Finally, Medline, Pubmed, EMBASE and Google Scholar indexing databases were searched using key terms and author names. Results were extracted into specially designed spread sheets for analysis. Results Forty-five journal articles and two books authored or co-authored by the PRISMA team were identified. Research was primarily concerned with: the design, development and validation of screening and assessment tools; and results generated from their application. Both quasi-experimental and cross sectional analytic designs were used extensively. Contextually appropriate expert opinion was obtained using variations on the Delphi Method. Literature analysis revealed the structures, processes and outcomes which underpinned the implementation. PRISMA provides evidence that integrating care for older persons is beneficial to individuals through reducing incidence of functional decline and handicap levels, and improving feelings of empowerment and satisfaction with care provided. The research also demonstrated benefits to the health system, including a more appropriate use of emergency rooms, and decreased consultations with medical specialists. Discussion Reviewing the body of research reveals the importance of both designing programs with an eye to local context, and building in flexibility allowing the program to be adapted to changing circumstances. Creating partnerships between policy designers, project implementers, and academic teams is an important element in achieving these goals. Partnerships are also valuable for achieving effective monitoring and evaluation, and support to ‘evidence-based’ policy-making processes. Despite a shared electronic health record being a key component of the service model, there was an under-investigation of the impact this technology on facilitating and enabling integration and the outcomes achieved. Conclusions PRISMA provides evidence of the benefits that can arise from integrating care for older persons, particularly in terms of increased feelings of personal empowerment, and improved client satisfaction with the care provided. Taken alongside other integrated care experiments, PRISMA provides further evidentiary support to policy-makers pursuing integrated care programs. The scale and scope of the research body highlights the long-term and complex nature of program evaluations, but underscores the benefits of evaluation, review and subsequent adaptation of programs. The role of information technology in supporting integration of services is likely to substantially expand in the future and the potential this technology offers should be investigated and harnessed. PMID:23687475

  2. Environmental risk assessment for ancillary substances in biotechnological production of pharmaceuticals.

    PubMed

    Straub, Jürg Oliver; Gysel, Daniel; Kastl, Ursula; Klemmer, Jürgen; Sonderegger, Marco; Studer, Martin

    2012-03-01

    An increasing number of pharmaceutical active substances are produced through biotechnological processes. For sustained and safe growth of the host organisms as well as optimal expression, purification, and formulation of the product, biotechnological manufacturing processes need optimal and robust environmental conditions, which are attained through the use of buffers, chelators, and antibiotics, beside nutrients. These ancillary substances are drained with the wastewater to a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and are released after treatment with the effluent to receiving waters. The potential risks of such substances to WWTPs and surface waters were investigated. Three common buffers (morpholinoethane sulfonic acid [MES], morpholinopropanesulfonic acid [MOPS], 1,4-piperazine (diethanesulfonic acid) [PIPES]), one chelator (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid [EDTA]), and one antibiotic (gentamycin) were searched in the literature for environmental data or tested for biodegradability and inhibition of activated sludge as well as acute toxicity to algae, daphnids, and fish. Amounts of the ancillary substances used in the European biotechnological production plants of F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd in Basle (Switzerland) and Penzberg (Germany), and actual wastewater fluxes through the respective WWTP, as well as realistic dilution factors for the local receiving water, were documented. Based on this information, site-specific predicted environmental concentrations (PECs) for the WWTPs and surface waters in Basle and Penzberg were extrapolated. These PECs were compared with predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs) for the WWTP and surface waters, derived from sludge inhibition and ecotoxicity results, respectively. For all five ancillary substances investigated, all PEC/PNEC risk characterization ratios are <1, indicating no significant risk to the WWTPs or the receiving waters at both sites. PMID:22189954

  3. Short message service (SMS) interventions for the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections: a systematic review protocol

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Globally, the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) is rising, posing a challenge to its control and appropriate management. Text messaging has become the most common mode of communication among almost six billion mobile phone users worldwide. Text messaging can be used to remind patients about clinic appointments, to notify patients that it is time for STI re-testing, and to facilitate patient communication with their health professionals with any questions and concerns they may have about their sexual health. While there are a handful of systematic reviews published on short message service (SMS) interventions in a variety of health settings and issues, none are related to sexual health. We plan to conduct a systematic review to examine the impact text messaging might have on interventions for the prevention and care of patients with STIs. Methods/Design Eligible studies will include both quantitative and qualitative studies published after 1995 that discuss the efficacy and effectiveness of SMS interventions for STI prevention and management using text messaging. Data will be abstracted independently by two reviewers using a standardized pre-tested data abstraction form. Inter-rater reliability scores will be obtained to ensure consistency in the inclusion and data extraction of studies. Heterogeneity will be assessed using the I2 test and subgroup analyses. A nonhypothesis driven inductive reasoning approach as well as a coding framework will be applied to analyze qualitative studies. A meta-analysis may be conducted if sufficient quantitative studies are found using similar outcomes. Discussion For this protocol, we identified ten related systematic reviews. The reviews were limited to a particular disease or setting, were not exclusive to SMS interventions, or were out of date. This systematic review will be the first comprehensive examination of studies that discuss the effectiveness of SMS on multiple outcomes that relate to STI prevention and management, covering diverse settings and populations. Findings of the systematic review and any additional meta-analyses will be published and presented to our key knowledge users. This information will provide the evidence that is required to appropriately adopt text messaging into standard practice in STI care. PMID:24433348

  4. Use of Qualitative Methods in Published Health Services and Management Research: A 10-Year Review

    PubMed Central

    Weiner, Bryan J.; Amick, Halle R.; Lund, Jennifer L.; Lee, Shoou-Yih Daniel; Hoff, Timothy J.

    2011-01-01

    Over the past 10 years, the field of health services and management research has seen renewed interest in the use of qualitative research methods. This article examines the volume and characteristics of qualitative research articles published in nine major health services and management journals between 1998 and 2008. Qualitative research articles comprise 9% of research articles published in these journals. Although the publication rate of qualitative research articles has not kept pace with that of quantitative research articles, citation analysis suggests that qualitative research articles contribute comparably to the field’s knowledge base. A wide range of policy and management topics has been examined using qualitative methods. Case study designs, interviews, and documentary sources were the most frequently used methods. Half of qualitative research articles provided little or no detail about key aspects the study’s methods. Implications are discussed and recommendations are offered for promoting the publication of qualitative research. PMID:20675353

  5. REVIEWS - LETTERS - REPORTS QUALITY OF SERVICE PROVISION ASSESSMENT FOR CAMPUS NETWORK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduard Babulak

    This paper presents a methodology for assessing the quality of service (QoS) provision for campus network. The author utilizes the Staordshire University's network communications infrastructure (SUNCI) as a testing platform and discusses a new approach and QoS provision, by adding a component of measurement to the existing model presented by Walker (1). The QoS provision is assessed in light of

  6. A review of selected ecosystem services provided by coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael E. Sierszen; John A. Morrice; Anett S. Trebitz; Joel C. Hoffman

    2012-01-01

    Significant ecosystem services derive from the coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes even though two-thirds of the original coastal wetlands have been lost since European settlement, and the remaining 126,000 ha of U.S. coastal wetlands and ?70,000 ha of Canadian wetlands are affected by anthropogenic stressors. Published information indicates that wildlife habitat, fisheries support, and water quality improvement are

  7. The MyOcean Thematic Assembly Centres: Satellite and In-situ Observation Services in Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hackett, Bruce; Breivik, Lars-Anders; Larnicol, Gilles; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Santoleri, Rosalia; Roquet, Hervé; Stoffelen, Ad

    2015-04-01

    The MyOcean (2009-2012), MyOcean2 (2012-2014) and MyOcean Follow-On (October 2014 - March 2015) projects, respectively funded by the EU's 7th Framework Programme for Research (FP7 2007-2013) and HORIZON 2020 (EU Research and Innovation programme 2014-2020), have been designed to prepare and to lead the demonstration phases of the nascent European Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMS). The observational component of the MyOcean services is embodied in four Thematic Assembly Centres (TACs): Three provide satellite-based products for sea level (SL-TAC), for ocean colour (OC-TAC) and for surface temperature, winds and sea ice (OSI-TAC), while the fourth provides in-situ observations (INS-TAC). All the TAC production is developed from existing capabilities and there is close collaboration with related national and European data providers. Data products include near-real-time data and multi-year reprocessed datasets. Data formatting, dissemination methods and documentation follow uniform MyOcean standards for ease of use. The presentation will track the evolution of the TAC services through the MyOcean projects up to the opening of the CMS.

  8. Monitoring basin-scale land cover changes in Kagera Basin of Lake Victoria using ancillary data and remote sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wasige, John E.; Groen, Thomas A.; Smaling, Eric; Jetten, Victor

    2013-04-01

    The Kagera Basin is a high value ecosystem in the Lake Victoria watershed because of the hydrological and food services it provides. The basin has faced large scale human induced land use and land cover changes (LUCC), but quantitative data is to date lacking. A combination of ancillary data and satellite imagery were interpreted to construct LUCC dynamics for the last century. This study is an initial step towards assessing the impact of LUCC on sustainable agriculture and water quality in the watershed. The results show that large trends of LUCC have rapidly occurred over the last 100 years. The most dominant LUCC processes were gains in farmland areas (not detectable in 1901 to 60% in 2010) and a net reduction in dense forest (7% to 2.6%), woodlands (51% to 6.9%) and savannas (35% to 19.6%) between 1901 and 2010. Forest degradation rapidly occurred during 1974 and 1995 but the forest re-grew between 1995 and 2010 due to forest conservation efforts. Afforestation efforts have resulted in plantation forest increases between 1995 and 2010. The rates of LUCC observed are higher than those reported in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and other parts of the world. This is one of the few studies in SSA at a basin scale that combines multi-source spatio-temporal data on land cover to enable long-term quantification of land cover changes. In the discussion we address future research needs for the area based on the results of this study. These research needs include quantifying the impacts of land cover change on nutrient and sediment dynamics, soil organic carbon stocks, and changes in biodiversity.

  9. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD...subparts 1 and 2 of title IV-B of the Act, and reviews of foster care and adoption assistance programs under title IV-E...

  10. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD...subparts 1 and 2 of title IV-B of the Act, and reviews of foster care and adoption assistance programs under title IV-E...

  11. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD...subparts 1 and 2 of title IV-B of the Act, and reviews of foster care and adoption assistance programs under title IV-E...

  12. Family-Centered Services in The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Review of Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Marion; Dale, Deborah

    1994-01-01

    This paper reviews evaluations of family-centered intervention programs conducted in neonatal intensive care units. Of 10 studies identified, 3 focused on intervention to benefit the family system; 6 involved parents, but the primary focus was the infant; and 1 study combined the 2 approaches. All the studies had substantial limitations.…

  13. 75 FR 59800 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-28

    ...for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD). The PRB reviews the...The membership on the Public Debt PRB as described in the Notice...alternate members to the Public Debt PRB: Primary Members: Anita...Assistant Commissioner, Office of Financing, BPD. Van Zeck,...

  14. 77 FR 65248 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ...for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD). The PRB reviews the...Jones, Bureau of the Public Debt, (304) 480-8949. SUPPLEMENTARY...to the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD) PRB: Primary Members...Assistant Commissioner, Office of Financing, BPD. Authority: 5...

  15. 76 FR 64429 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ...for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD). The PRB reviews the...The membership on the Public Debt PRB as described in the Notice...alternate members to the Public Debt PRB: Primary Members: Anita...Assistant Commissioner, Office of Financing, BPD. Van Zeck,...

  16. venerd10/12/10 10:45Computing Reviews, the leading online review service for computing literature. Pagina 1 di 7http://www.reviews.com/browse/browse_reviewers.cfm

    E-print Network

    Gini, Giuseppina

    Reviewed 1 - 67 of 67 reviews Lego Mindstorms NXT-G: programming guide Kelly J., Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2010. 336 pp. Type: Book, Reviews: (2 of 2) This Lego Mindstorms NXT-G graphic language guide smoothly

  17. Barriers to access and minority ethnic carers' satisfaction with social care services in the community: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative literature.

    PubMed

    Greenwood, Nan; Habibi, Ruth; Smith, Raymond; Manthorpe, Jill

    2015-01-01

    As populations age, the numbers of carers overall and numbers of carers from minority ethnic groups in particular are rising. Evidence suggests that carers from all sections of the community and particularly carers from minority groups often fail to access care services. This may relate to barriers in accessing services and service dissatisfaction. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and summarise minority ethnic carers' perceptions of barriers to accessing community social care services and their satisfaction with these services if accessed. The following databases were searched from their start until July 2013: Social Care Online, Social Policy and Research, Scopus, PsychINFO, HMIC, ASSIA, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Plus and AMED. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Most investigated either barriers to access or satisfaction levels, although three explored both. Only 4 studies investigated minority ethnic carers' satisfaction with social care, although 12 studies reported perceived barriers to accessing services. Few studies compared minority ethnic carers' perceptions with majority ethnic groups, making it difficult to identify issues specific to minority groups. Most barriers described were potentially relevant to all carers, irrespective of ethnic group. They included attitudinal barriers such as not wanting to involve outsiders or not seeing the need for services and practical barriers such as low awareness of services and service availability. Issues specific to minority ethnic groups included language barriers and concerns about services' cultural or religious appropriateness. Studies investigating satisfaction with services reported a mixture of satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Barriers common to all groups should not be underestimated and a better understanding of the relationship between perceived barriers to accessing services and dissatisfaction with services is needed before the experiences of all carers can be improved. PMID:25135207

  18. Calorie menu labeling on quick-service restaurant menus: an updated systematic review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Nutrition labels are one strategy being used to combat the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 mandates that calorie labels be added to menu boards of chain restaurants with 20 or more locations. This systematic review includes seven studies published since the last review on the topic in 2008. Authors searched for peer-reviewed studies using PUBMED and Google Scholar. Included studies used an experimental or quasi-experimental design comparing a calorie-labeled menu with a no-calorie menu and were conducted in laboratories, college cafeterias, and fast food restaurants. Two of the included studies were judged to be of good quality, and five of were judged to be of fair quality. Observational studies conducted in cities after implementation of calorie labeling were imprecise in their measure of the isolated effects of calorie labels. Experimental studies conducted in laboratory settings were difficult to generalize to real world behavior. Only two of the seven studies reported a statistically significant reduction in calories purchased among consumers using calorie-labeled menus. The current evidence suggests that calorie labeling does not have the intended effect of decreasing calorie purchasing or consumption. PMID:22152038

  19. Complementation for an essential ancillary non-structural protein function across parvovirus genera.

    PubMed

    Mihaylov, Ivailo S; Cotmore, Susan F; Tattersall, Peter

    2014-11-01

    Parvoviruses encode a small number of ancillary proteins that differ substantially between genera. Within the genus Protoparvovirus, minute virus of mice (MVM) encodes three isoforms of its ancillary protein NS2, while human bocavirus 1 (HBoV1), in the genus Bocaparvovirus, encodes an NP1 protein that is unrelated in primary sequence to MVM NS2. To search for functional overlap between NS2 and NP1, we generated murine A9 cell populations that inducibly express HBoV1 NP1. These were used to test whether NP1 expression could complement specific defects resulting from depletion of MVM NS2 isoforms. NP1 induction had little impact on cell viability or cell cycle progression in uninfected cells, and was unable to complement late defects in MVM virion production associated with low NS2 levels. However, NP1 did relocate to MVM replication centers, and supports both the normal expansion of these foci and overcomes the early paralysis of DNA replication in NS2-null infections. PMID:25194919

  20. Functional association of catalytic and ancillary modules dictates enzymatic activity in glycoside hydrolase family 43 ?-xylosidase.

    PubMed

    Moraïs, Sarah; Salama-Alber, Orly; Barak, Yoav; Hadar, Yitzhak; Wilson, David B; Lamed, Raphael; Shoham, Yuval; Bayer, Edward A

    2012-03-16

    ?-Xylosidases are hemicellulases that hydrolyze short xylo-oligosaccharides into xylose units, thus complementing endoxylanase degradation of the hemicellulose component of lignocellulosic substrates. Here, we describe the cloning, characterization, and kinetic analysis of a glycoside hydrolase family 43 ?-xylosidase (Xyl43A) from the aerobic cellulolytic bacterium, Thermobifida fusca. Temperature and pH optima of 55-60 °C and 5.5-6, respectively, were determined. The apparent K(m) value was 0.55 mM, using p-nitrophenyl xylopyranoside as substrate, and the catalytic constant (k(cat)) was 6.72 s(-1). T. fusca Xyl43A contains a catalytic module at the N terminus and an ancillary module (termed herein as Module-A) of undefined function at the C terminus. We expressed the two recombinant modules independently in Escherichia coli and examined their remaining catalytic activity and binding properties. The separation of the two Xyl43A modules caused the complete loss of enzymatic activity, whereas potent binding to xylan was fully maintained in the catalytic module and partially in the ancillary Module-A. Nondenaturing gel electrophoresis revealed a specific noncovalent coupling of the two modules, thereby restoring enzymatic activity to 66.7% (relative to the wild-type enzyme). Module-A contributes a phenylalanine residue that functions as an essential part of the active site, and the two juxtaposed modules function as a single functional entity. PMID:22270362

  1. Humanitarian multisensor hand-held mine detector: exploitation of ancillary data in GPR processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crisp, Graeme N.; Hill, Andrew

    2002-08-01

    QinetiQ is developing a hand held Multi-sensor mine detector prototype for humanitarian applications. The sensor consists of a GPR, a metal detector and ancillary sensors. This paper describes how data produced by ancillary sensors can be exploited in order to assist the GPR processing. The GPR consists of a 3x3 array of antennas, and focused images of the volume beneath the sensor are formed by post reception synthetic aperture processing. The mine detector is intended to detect sub surface targets, and an accurate knowledge of the ground surface position relative to the sensor is required. Also the high frequency dielectric constant of the ground medium is required in order to produce focused images. This paper analyses the requirements for good post reception synthetic aperture processing. The accuracy of the ground surface position data and the dielectric constant estimation are determined. A model for soil dielectric constant is used to derive the sensitivity of post reception synthetic aperture processing to unknown soil texture. It is show that for the GPR configuration considered, a wide range of texture variations is tolerable provided the soil moisture can be accurately estimated. Variations in soil composition are also tolerable.

  2. Access to Emissions Distributions and Related Ancillary Data through the ECCAD database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darras, Sabine; Granier, Claire; Liousse, Catherine; Enriquez, Edgar; Boulanger, Damien; Mieville, Aude

    2015-04-01

    The ECCAD (Emissions of atmospheric Compounds & Compilation of Ancillary Data) database provides a user-friendly access to global and regional surface emissions for a large set of chemical compounds and ancillary data (land use, active fires, burned areas, population, etc.) at a 0.5x0.5 or 1x1 degree resolution. ECCAD is the emissions database of the GEIA (Global Emissions InitiAtive) project and a sub-project of the French Atmospheric Chemistry Data Centre Ether (CNES and CNRS). ECCAD has currently more than 1700 users originating from more than 70 countries. The project benefits from this large international community of users to expand the number of emission datasets available. ECCAD provides detailed metadata for each of the datasets and various tools for data visualization, for computing global and regional totals and for interactive spatial and temporal analysis. The data can be downloaded as interoperable NetCDF CF-compliant files, i.e. the data are compatible with many other client interfaces. ECCAD will soon allow to handle any resolution grid and geographical coverage. The presentation will provide information on the datasets available within ECCAD, as well as examples of the analysis work that can be done online through the website: http://eccad.pole-ether.fr eccad@sedoo.fr.

  3. Choice architecture as a means to change eating behaviour in self-service settings: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Skov, L R; Lourenço, S; Hansen, G L; Mikkelsen, B E; Schofield, C

    2013-03-01

    The primary objective of this review was to investigate the current evidence base for the use of choice architecture as a means to change eating behaviour in self-service eating settings, hence potentially reduce calorie intake. Twelve databases were searched systematically for experimental studies with predefined choice architecture interventions in the period of June 2011-March 2012. The 12 included studies were grouped according to type of interventions and underwent a narrative synthesis. The evidence indicates that (i) health labelling at point of purchase is associated with healthier food choice, while (ii) manipulating the plate and cutlery size has an inconclusive effect on consumption volume. Finally, (iii) assortment manipulation and (iv) payment option manipulation was associated with healthier food choices. The majority of studies were of very weak quality and future research should emphasize a real-life setting and compare their results with the effect of other more well-established interventions on food behaviour in self-service eating settings. PMID:23164089

  4. Mobile eye services: Literature review with special reference to the experience of Al-Basar International Foundation

    PubMed Central

    Rushood, Adel A.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the concept of quality assured mobile eye services (MES) in implementing the vision 2020 initiative. Materials and Methods: Literature review as well as the medical records of Al-Basar International Foundation (BIF) on MES. Emphasis was focused on the causes of blindness, objectives, operation, management and the benefits of MES, a critical appraisal of MES, training for MES and the relationship with other organizations and concerned government agencies. Findings: More than 38 countries have been included in this exercise during which more than 620 eye camps have been conducted. More than two million people have benefited from the services provided including medicines and glasses in these eye camps and about 180,000 sight restoring surgeries performed for cataract, glaucoma etc. Conclusion: Quality assured MES are a very important means of tackling the problems of blindness and implementing the vision 2020 initiative. The adoption of this concept by major stake-holders in the prevention of blindness (e.g. WHO, IAPB) will bring an additional momentum to the achievement of this noble goal. PMID:22022671

  5. Preventing and controlling foodborne disease in commercial and institutional food service settings: a systematic review of published intervention studies.

    PubMed

    Viator, Catherine; Blitstein, Jonathan; Brophy, Jenna E; Fraser, Angela

    2015-02-01

    This study reviews the current literature on behavioral and environmental food safety interventions conducted in commercial and institutional food service settings. A systematic search of the published literature yielded 268 candidate articles, from which a set of 23 articles reporting intervention outcomes was retained for evaluation. A categorization of measured outcomes is reported; studies addressed multiple outcomes ranging from knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of personal hygiene and food safety to management practices and disease rates and outbreaks. This study also investigates the quality of reported research methods used to evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions, using a nine-point quality index adapted by the authors. The observed scores suggest that there are opportunities to improve the design and reporting of research in the field of foodborne disease prevention as it applies to food safety interventions that target the food service industry. The aim is to aid researchers in this area to design higher quality studies and to produce clearer and more useful reports of their research. In turn, this can help to create a more complete evidence base that can be used to continually improve interventions in this domain. PMID:25710165

  6. A systematic review of the predictors of health service utilisation by adults with mental disorders in the UK

    PubMed Central

    Twomey, Conal D; Baldwin, David S; Hopfe, Maren; Cieza, Alarcos

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To identify variables that predict health service utilisation (HSU) by adults with mental disorders in the UK, and to determine the evidence level for these predictors. Design A narrative synthesis of peer-reviewed studies published after the year 2000. The search was conducted using four databases (ie, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus with full text, MEDLINE and EMBASE) and completed on 25 March 2014. Setting The majority of included studies were set in health services across primary, secondary, specialist and inpatient care. Some studies used data from household and postal surveys. Participants Included were UK-based studies that predicted HSU by adults with mental disorders. Participants had a range of mental disorders including psychotic disorders, personality disorders, depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders and dementia. Primary outcome A wide range of HSU outcomes were examined, including general practitioner (GP) contacts, medication usage, psychiatrist contacts, psychotherapy attendances, inpatient days, accident and emergency admissions and ‘total HSU’. Results Taking into account study quality, 28 studies identified a range of variables with good preliminary evidence supporting their ability to predict HSU. Of these variables, comorbidity, personality disorder, age (heterogeneous age ranges), neurotic symptoms, female gender, a marital status of divorced, separated or widowed, non-white ethnicity, high previous HSU and activities of daily living, were associated with increased HSU. Moreover, good preliminary evidence was found for associations of accessing a primary care psychological treatment service and medication use with decreased HSU. Conclusions The findings can inform decisions about which variables might be used to derive mental health clusters in ‘payment by results’ systems in the UK. The findings also support the need to investigate whether combining broad diagnoses with care pathways is an effective method for mental health clustering, and the need for research to further examine the association between mental health clusters and HSU. PMID:26150142

  7. The British National Health Service 1948–2008: A Review of the Historiography

    PubMed Central

    Gorsky, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Summary This article surveys historical writing on the British National Health Service since its inception in 1948. Its main focus is on policy-making and organisation and its principal concerns are primary care and the hospital sector, although public health, and psychiatric and geriatric care are briefly discussed. The over-arching narrative is one of transition from paternalism and technocratic planning to market disciplines and a discourse of choice, and of the ceding of professional autonomy by clinicians to managers and to the state. These issues are discussed in a chronological survey of policy-making from Bevan's ‘creation’ to the Blair era. Later sections consider evaluations of the service, starting with Webster's thesis that the NHS has been subject to prolonged under-funding, particularly under Conservative stewardship, then moving to assessments of the Thatcher, Major and Blair reforms. Much of the historical literature on the NHS is contentious and opinions are sharply divided on the reform era since the 1970s and the trajectories this has set for the future.

  8. The neurofibrovascular bundle of the inferior oblique muscle as its ancillary origin.

    PubMed Central

    Stager, D R

    1996-01-01

    PURPOSE: To establish that the neurofibrovascular bundle (NFVB) of the inferior oblique muscle (IO) has ligamentous qualities that enable it to function as an ancillary origin to the muscle. Also, to show that the NFVB does function as the ancillary origin for the IO muscle, particularly when recessing and anteriorly transposing its insertion. METHODS: Fresh (no formaldehyde preservative) cadaver and patient eyes were studied anatomically, histologically, and physiologically. Eighteen orbits were dissected to isolate the IO, the inferior rectus (IR), and the NFVB to demonstrate the linear course of the NFVB and its adjacent fibrous bands. The shape of the muscle was documented. Coronal sections of the two whole, intact orbits were analyzed histologically. Light and electron microscopic sections of an autopsy specimen and a surgical specimen were used to evaluate the capsule of the NFVB and the adjacent fibrous bands near the anterior portion of the NFVB and their attachment to the IR and IO muscle capsules. The elastic modulus was measured in six in situ and six in vitro cadaver NFVB specimens and in six in vivo surgical cases at the time of denervation of the NFVB. For additional comparison, four in vitro cadaver superior oblique tendons were similarly tested. Six eyes that developed recurrent IO overaction following an anterior transposition procedure were surgically explored to determine what structure was serving as its ancillary origin. RESULTS: Gross anatomic and microscopic studies showed a linear orientation of the NFVB with adjacent fibrous bands anteriorly joining the IO and IR muscle capsules. The surgical specimens of the anterior portion of the NFVB show about 50% nerve and 50% fibrocollagenous capsule with the collagen fibers aligned parallel to the NFVB. The elastic modulus was highest (stiffest) in surgical specimens of the NFVB and in situ cadaver NFVB, followed by in vitro cadaver NFVB and, finally, in vitro cadaver superior oblique tendon. In patients who have undergone anterior transposition surgery, the NFVB served as the ancillary origin of the IO. CONCLUSIONS: The name of the neurovascular bundle should be changed to the NFVB, since it has a prominent fibrocollagenous capsule and it is encased in fibrous tissue bands anteriorly. The NFVB has a linear course in the orbit from the apex to the IO muscle and is relatively stiff. The associated fibrous band extends posteriorly from the IO muscle capsule, encasing the nerve anteriorly and attaching 3 to 7 mm posteriorly into the capsule of the IR. The NFVB binds the mid posterior portion of the IO posteriorly. Its ligamentous qualities enable the NFVB to function as an ancillary origin for the IO. Images FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 A FIGURE 13 B FIGURE 13 C PMID:8981719

  9. When core competence is not enough: functional interplay of the DEAD-box helicase core with ancillary domains and auxiliary factors in RNA binding and unwinding.

    PubMed

    Rudolph, Markus G; Klostermeier, Dagmar

    2015-08-01

    DEAD-box helicases catalyze RNA duplex unwinding in an ATP-dependent reaction. Members of the DEAD-box helicase family consist of a common helicase core formed by two RecA-like domains. According to the current mechanistic model for DEAD-box mediated RNA unwinding, binding of RNA and ATP triggers a conformational change of the helicase core, and leads to formation of a compact, closed state. In the closed conformation, the two parts of the active site for ATP hydrolysis and of the RNA binding site, residing on the two RecA domains, become aligned. Closing of the helicase core is coupled to a deformation of the RNA backbone and destabilization of the RNA duplex, allowing for dissociation of one of the strands. The second strand remains bound to the helicase core until ATP hydrolysis and product release lead to re-opening of the core. The concomitant disruption of the RNA binding site causes dissociation of the second strand. The activity of the helicase core can be modulated by interaction partners, and by flanking N- and C-terminal domains. A number of C-terminal flanking regions have been implicated in RNA binding: RNA recognition motifs (RRM) typically mediate sequence-specific RNA binding, whereas positively charged, unstructured regions provide binding sites for structured RNA, without sequence-specificity. Interaction partners modulate RNA binding to the core, or bind to RNA regions emanating from the core. The functional interplay of the helicase core and ancillary domains or interaction partners in RNA binding and unwinding is not entirely understood. This review summarizes our current knowledge on RNA binding to the DEAD-box helicase core and the roles of ancillary domains and interaction partners in RNA binding and unwinding by DEAD-box proteins. PMID:25720120

  10. Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack in cloud- assisted wireless body area networks: a systematic literature review.

    PubMed

    Latif, Rabia; Abbas, Haider; Assar, Saïd

    2014-11-01

    Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) have emerged as a promising technology that has shown enormous potential in improving the quality of healthcare, and has thus found a broad range of medical applications from ubiquitous health monitoring to emergency medical response systems. The huge amount of highly sensitive data collected and generated by WBAN nodes requires an ascendable and secure storage and processing infrastructure. Given the limited resources of WBAN nodes for storage and processing, the integration of WBANs and cloud computing may provide a powerful solution. However, despite the benefits of cloud-assisted WBAN, several security issues and challenges remain. Among these, data availability is the most nagging security issue. The most serious threat to data availability is a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack that directly affects the all-time availability of a patient's data. The existing solutions for standalone WBANs and sensor networks are not applicable in the cloud. The purpose of this review paper is to identify the most threatening types of DDoS attacks affecting the availability of a cloud-assisted WBAN and review the state-of-the-art detection mechanisms for the identified DDoS attacks. PMID:25218122

  11. Introduction of Electronic Referral from Community Associated with More Timely Review by Secondary Services

    PubMed Central

    Warren, J.; White, S.; Day, K.J.; Gu, Y.; Pollock, M.

    2011-01-01

    Background Electronic referral (eReferral) from community into public secondary healthcare services was introduced to 30 referring general medical practices and 28 hospital based services in late 2007. Objectives To measure the extent of uptake of eReferral and its association with changes in referral processing. Methods Analysis of transactional data from the eReferral message service and the patient information management system of the affected hospital; interview of clinical, operational and management stakeholders. Results eReferral use rose steadily to 1000 transactions per month in 2008, thereafter showing moderate growth to 1200 per month in 2010. Rate of eReferral from the community in 2010 is estimated at 56% of total referrals to the hospital from general practice, and as 71% of referrals from those having done at least one referral electronically. Referral latency from letter date to hospital triage improves significantly from 2007 to 2009 (p<0.001), from a paper referral median of 8 days (inter-quartile range, IQR: 4–14) in 2007 to an eReferral median of 5 days (IQR: 2–9) and paper referral median of 6 days (IQR: 2–12) in 2009. Specialists upgrade the referrer-assigned eReferral priority in 19.2% of cases and downgrade it 18.6% of the time. Clinical users appreciate improvement of referral visibility (status and content access); however, both general practitioners and specialists point out system usability issues. Discussion With eReferrals, a referral’s status can be checked, and its content read, by any authorized user at any time. The period of eReferral uptake was associated with significant speed-up in referral processing without changes in staffing levels. The eReferral system provides a foundation for further innovation in the community-secondary interface, such as electronic decision support and shared care planning systems. Conclusions We observed substantial rapid voluntary uptake of eReferrals associated with faster, more reliable and more transparent referral processing. PMID:23616895

  12. A review of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins removal\\/inactivation in drinking water treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judy A. Westrick; David C. Szlag; Benjamin J. Southwell; James Sinclair

    2010-01-01

    This review focuses on the efficiency of different water treatment processes for the removal of cyanotoxins from potable water.\\u000a Although several investigators have studied full-scale drinking water processes to determine the efficiency of cyanotoxin\\u000a inactivation, many of the studies were based on ancillary practice. In this context, “ancillary practice” refers to the removal\\u000a or inactivation of cyanotoxins by standard daily

  13. Modelling A???dhy?y?: An Approach Based on the Methodology of Ancillary Disciplines (Ved??ga)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishra, Anand

    This article proposes a general model based on the common methodological approach of the ancillary disciplines (Ved??ga) associated with the Vedas taking examples from ?ik??, Chandas, Vy?kara?a and Pr?ti?? khya texts. It develops and elaborates this model further to represent the contents and processes of A???dhy?y?. Certain key features are added to my earlier modelling of P??inian system of Sanskrit grammar. This includes broader coverage of the P??inian meta-language, mechanism for automatic application of rules and positioning the grammatical system within the procedural complexes of ancillary disciplines.

  14. Aberdeen Area Indian Health Service Environmental Health Program Review Conducted by: Indian Health Committee of the National Environmental Health Association (Aberdeen, South Dakota, May 23-27, 1977).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Aberdeen, SD. Aberdeen Area Office.

    The Indian Health Committee met in Aberdeen, South Dakota, during the week of May 23, 1977 to (1) review the environmental health services provided to the tribal units on the 15 Indian reservations located in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Iowa, and (2) make recommendations for improvement or expansion of current programs, if needed. The…

  15. Archives and History Office Program Review Committee 2007 Report The SLAC Archives and History Office (AHO) is part of the Technical Information Services (TIS)

    E-print Network

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Archives and History Office Program Review Committee ­ 2007 Report The SLAC Archives and History Office (AHO) is part of the Technical Information Services (TIS) organization and is a coordinate archive to the Stanford University Archives. The TIS Department is part of the research Division of SLAC. Its mission

  16. Special Section: Health Information Technology and Mental Health Services Research: A Path Forward Behavioral Intervention Technologies: Evidence review and recommendations for

    E-print Network

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    Special Section: Health Information Technology and Mental Health Services Research: A Path Forward by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the National Institute of Mental Health was charged with reviewing the state of research on behavioral intervention technologies (BITs) in mental health

  17. REVISED POLICY ON SERVING ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES and NEW ALCOHOL SERVICES PERMIT FORM This spring UNL Police reviewed UNL's Alcohol Permit procedures and guidelines to the Nebraska Liquor

    E-print Network

    Logan, David

    REVISED POLICY ON SERVING ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES and NEW ALCOHOL SERVICES PERMIT FORM This spring UNL Police reviewed UNL's Alcohol Permit procedures and guidelines to the Nebraska Liquor Control Act to obtain a UNL alcohol permit. Earlier policy drafts were shared with the Deans and selected campus

  18. 75 FR 19335 - Premium Review Process; Request for Comments Regarding Section 2794 of the Public Health Service Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ...Regarding Section 2794 of the Public Health Service Act AGENCY: Office of...which added Section 2794 to the Public Health Service Act (the PHS Act...2010, added Section 2794 of the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act). In...

  19. Identification and definition of unbundled electric generation and transmission services

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.; Vancoevering, J.

    1995-03-01

    State and federal regulators, private and public utilities, large and small customers, power brokers and marketers, and others are engaged in major debates about the future structure of the electric industry. Although the outcomes are far from certain, it seems clear that customers will have much greater choices about the electric services they purchase and from whom they buy these services. This report examines the ``ancillary`` services that are today buried within the typical vertically integrated utility. These ancillary services support and make possible the provision of the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. These ancillary services include: Management of generating units; reserve generating capacity to follow variations in customer loads, to provide capacity and energy when generating units or transmission lines suddenly fall, to maintain electric-system stability, and to provide local-area security; transmission-system monitoring and control; replacement of real power and energy losses; reactive-power management and voltage regulation; transmission reserves; repair and maintenance of the transmission network; metering, billing, and communications; and assurance of appropriate levels of power quality. Our focus in this report, the first output from a larger Oak Ridge National Laboratory project, is on identification and definition of these services. Later work in this project will examine more closely the costs and pricing options for each service.

  20. How does copayment for health care services affect demand, health and redistribution? A systematic review of the empirical evidence from 1990 to 2011.

    PubMed

    Kiil, Astrid; Houlberg, Kurt

    2014-11-01

    This article reviews the quantitative evidence on the behavioural effects of copayment within the health area across a wide range of countries. The review distinguishes itself from previous similar reviews by having a high degree of transparency for the search strategy used to identify the studies included in the review as well as the criteria for inclusion and by including the most recent literature. Empirical studies were identified by performing searches in EconLit. The literature search identified a total of 47 studies of the behavioural effects of copayment. Considering the demand effects, the majority of the reviewed studies found that copayment reduces the use of prescription medicine, consultations with general practitioners and specialists, and ambulatory care, respectively. The literature found no significant effects of copayment on the prevalence of hospitalisations. The empirical evidence on whether copayment for some services, but not for others, causes substitution from the services that are subject to copayment to the 'free' services rather than lower total use is sparse and mixed. Likewise, the health effects of copayment have only been analysed empirically in a limited number of studies, of which half did not find any significant effects in the short term. Finally, the empirical evidence on the distributional consequences of copayment indicates that individuals with low income and in particular need of care generally reduce their use relatively more than the remaining population in consequence of copayment. Hence, it is clear that copayment involves some important economic and political trade-offs. PMID:23989938

  1. Book Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waxler, Trellis

    1994-01-01

    Reviews "Full Service Schools: A Revolution in Health and Social Services for Children, Youth and Families," by Joy G. Dryfoos, and "Transdisciplinary Play-Based Assessment: A Functional Approach to Working with Young Children," by Toni W. Linder. (HTH)

  2. A State of the Field Study of Child Welfare Services for Migrant Children and Their Families Who are In-Stream, Home-Based, or Settled-Out. Literature Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porteous, Sandra McClure

    Part of a study of migrant child welfare services, this review synthesizes all available materials on the issues affecting migrant child welfare. Each chapter discusses the importance of a particular service area, assesses the migrant child's needs in that area, describes existing barriers to service delivery, and presents a history and the…

  3. Utilization of Ancillary Data Sets for Conceptual SMAP Mission Algorithm Development and Product Generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    O'Neill, P.; Podest, E.

    2011-01-01

    The planned Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission is one of the first Earth observation satellites being developed by NASA in response to the National Research Council's Decadal Survey, Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond [1]. Scheduled to launch late in 2014, the proposed SMAP mission would provide high resolution and frequent revisit global mapping of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state, utilizing enhanced Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) mitigation approaches to collect new measurements of the hydrological condition of the Earth's surface. The SMAP instrument design incorporates an L-band radar (3 km) and an L band radiometer (40 km) sharing a single 6-meter rotating mesh antenna to provide measurements of soil moisture and landscape freeze/thaw state [2]. These observations would (1) improve our understanding of linkages between the Earth's water, energy, and carbon cycles, (2) benefit many application areas including numerical weather and climate prediction, flood and drought monitoring, agricultural productivity, human health, and national security, (3) help to address priority questions on climate change, and (4) potentially provide continuity with brightness temperature and soil moisture measurements from ESA's SMOS (Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity) and NASA's Aquarius missions. In the planned SMAP mission prelaunch time frame, baseline algorithms are being developed for generating (1) soil moisture products both from radiometer measurements on a 36 km grid and from combined radar/radiometer measurements on a 9 km grid, and (2) freeze/thaw products from radar measurements on a 3 km grid. These retrieval algorithms need a variety of global ancillary data, both static and dynamic, to run the retrieval models, constrain the retrievals, and provide flags for indicating retrieval quality. The choice of which ancillary dataset to use for a particular SMAP product would be based on a number of factors, including its availability and ease of use, its inherent error and resulting impact on the overall soil moisture or freeze/thaw retrieval accuracy, and its compatibility with similar choices made by the SMOS mission. All decisions regarding SMAP ancillary data sources would be fully documented by the SMAP Project and made available to the user community.

  4. Global Support Services General Update &

    E-print Network

    : Register trip in the Harvard Travel Registry Review services available from Harvard Travel Assist of Global Support Services February 21, 20141 Global Support Services 2 Client Services · Business advice Safety & Security · Pretravel advice and assessment · Emergency management · Harvard Travel Assist

  5. Reviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schodde, P.; Ed.

    1976-01-01

    Reviews 17 books and curriculum materials of interest to secondary science teachers. Topics include plant science, pollution, fishes, science investigations, general zoology, neurobiology, electronics, and the environment. (MLH)

  6. Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-01-01

    BOOK REVIEWS (86) Advanced Level Study Aids Interactive Physics Demonstrations Maxwell's Conundrum: A serious but not ponderous book about Relativity Safety in Physics Education Revise A2 Physics AS Science for Public Understanding Telecommunications CD-ROM REVIEWS (89) Focus on Physics: Fields Focus on Physics: Waves Spotlight Science 7 EQUIPMENT (91) STAR Digital Tape Timer WEB WATCH (92) Downloads

  7. Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-07-01

    WEB WATCH (356) Exercising your mind: discover the physics of sport on the Web EQUIPMENT (361) Spectrometer suits classroom use Igniting interest in the gas laws RESOURCE REVIEWS (362) Spectrum delivers customizable science course for Key Stage 3 Catalyst: A framework for success BOOK REVIEW (363) Revealing the buried past

  8. Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-11-01

    CD-ROM REVIEW (551) Essential Physics BOOK REVIEWS (551) Collins Advanced Science: Physics, 2nd edition Quarks, Leptons and the Big Bang, 2nd edition Do Brilliantly: A2 Physics IGCSE Physics Geophysics in the UK Synoptic Skills in Advanced Physics Flash! The hunt for the biggest explosions in the universe Materials Maths for Advanced Physics

  9. Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-01-01

    BOOK REVIEWS (99) Complete A-Z Physics Handbook Science Magic in the Kitchen The Science of Cooking Science Experiments You Can Eat WEB WATCH (101) These journal themes are pasta joke Microwave oven Web links CD REVIEW (104) Electricity and Magnetism, KS3 Big Science Comics

  10. Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing and Personal Genomics Services: A Review of Recent Empirical Studies

    PubMed Central

    Ostergren, Jenny

    2013-01-01

    Direct-to-consumer genetic testing (DTC-GT) has sparked much controversy and undergone dramatic changes in its brief history. Debates over appropriate health policies regarding DTC-GT would benefit from empirical research on its benefits, harms, and limitations. We review the recent literature (2011-present) and summarize findings across (1) content analyses of DTC-GT websites, (2) studies of consumer perspectives and experiences, and (3) surveys of relevant health care providers. Findings suggest that neither the health benefits envisioned by DTC-GT proponents (e.g., significant improvements in positive health behaviors) nor the worst fears expressed by its critics (e.g., catastrophic psychological distress and misunderstanding of test results, undue burden on the health care system) have materialized to date. However, research in this area is in its early stages and possesses numerous key limitations. We note needs for future studies to illuminate the impact of DTC-GT and thereby guide practice and policy regarding this rapidly evolving approach to personal genomics. PMID:24058877

  11. Using Ancillary Information to Improve Hypocenter Estimation: Bayesian Single Event Location (BSEL).

    SciTech Connect

    Fagan, Deborah; Taylor, Steve R.; Schult, Frederick R.; Anderson, Dale N.

    2009-04-01

    We have developed and tested an algorithm, Bayesian Single Event Location (BSEL), for esti- mating the location of a seismic event. The estimation approach di*ers from established non-linear regression techniques by using a Bayesian prior probability density function (prior PDF) to incor- porate ancillary physical basis constraints about event location. P􀀀wave arrival times from seismic events are used in the development. Depth, a focus of this paper, may be modeled with a prior PDF (potentially skewed) that captures physical basis bounds from ancillary event characteristics. For instance the surface wave Rg is present in a waveform only when an event is shallow. A high- condence Rg detection in one or more event waveforms implies a shallow-skewed prior PDF for the depth parameter. This PDF is constructed from a physically-based Rayleigh wave depth excitation eigenfunction that is based on the minimum period of observation from a spectrogram analysis and estimated near-source elastic parameters. The proposed Bayesian algorithm is illustrated with events that demonstrate its congruity with established hypocenter estimation methods and its application potential. The BSEL method is applied to the Mw 5.6 Dillon, MT earthquake of July 26, 2005 and a shallow Mw 4 earthquake that occurred near Bardwell, KY on June 6, 2003. In both cases we simulate BSEL on a small subset of arrival time data to illustrate the power of the technique. No Rg was actually observed for the Dillon, MT earthquake, but we used the minimum observed period of a Rayleigh wave (7 seconds) to reduce the depth and origin time uncertainty. A strong Rg was observed from the Bardwell, KY earthquake that places very strong constraints on depth and origin time

  12. Field demonstration of the conventional steam drive process with ancillary materials. Second annual report, October 1, 1980October 31, 1981

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1982-01-01

    This report summarizes the work performed during the second year of a research and development project to demonstrate that a particular ancillary material, surfactant based foam, can improve the efficiency of steam drive. The project consists of basic laboratory testing supplemented by five small field tests. The initial laboratory work involved screening foam chemicals for thermal stability and testing methods

  13. Testing IWC Retrieval Methods using Radar and Ancillary Measurements with In-Situ Andrew J. Heymsfield1

    E-print Network

    Hogan, Robin

    profiles of ice water content (IWC) can now be derived globally from spaceborne cloud radar (CloudSat) data particles provided to the groups. Retrievals from future spaceborne radar using reflectivityTesting IWC Retrieval Methods using Radar and Ancillary Measurements with In-Situ Data by Andrew J

  14. Development of a solid polymer electrolyte electrolysis cell module and ancillary components for a breadboard water electrolysis system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Porter, F. J., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    Solid polymer electrolyte technology in a water electrolysis system along with ancillary components to generate oxygen and hydrogen for a manned space station application are considered. Standard commercial components are utilized wherever possible. Presented are the results of investigations, surveys, tests, conclusions and recommendations for future development efforts.

  15. Improving Space-borne Radiometer Soil Moisture Retrievals with Alternative Aggregation Rules for Ancillary Parameters in Highly Heterogeneous Vegetated Areas

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Retrieving soil moisture from space-borne microwave radiometer observations often requires ancillary parameters such as surface vegetation opacity or vegetation water content. The conventional approach for deriving representative footprint-scale values of these parameters is to simply average the co...

  16. Ancillary Benefits of Reduced Air Pollution in the United States from Moderate Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies in the Electricity Sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dallas Burtraw; Karen Palmer; Alan Krupnick; Michael Toman; Anthony Paul; Cary Bloyd

    2001-01-01

    This paper considers how moderate actions to slow atmospheric accumulation of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel use also could reduce conventional air pollutants in the United States. The benefits that result would be “ancillary” to greenhouse gas abatement. Moreover, the benefits would tend to accrue locally and in the near term, while benefits from reduced climate change mostly accrue globally

  17. A Comparison between CG and PSO Algorithms for the Design of a PM Motor for Fuel Cell Ancillaries

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Comparison between CG and PSO Algorithms for the Design of a PM Motor for Fuel Cell Ancillaries F Optimization (PSO). I. INTRODUCTION In the last decade, problems of the greenhouse gas emissions control-compressor by a deterministic (i.e., the CG) and stochastic (i.e., the PSO) FC stack motor cooling circuit compressor air

  18. Routine use of ancillary investigations in staging diffuse large B-cell lymphoma improves the International Prognostic Index (IPI)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dipti Talaulikar; Bruce Shadbolt; Jane E Dahlstrom; Anne McDonald

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The International Prognostic Index (IPI) is used to determine prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). One of the determinants of IPI is the stage of disease with bone marrow involvement being classified as stage IV. For the IPI, involvement on bone marrow is traditionally defined on the basis of histology with ancillary investigations used only in difficult cases

  19. The confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy ancillary study to the ocular hypertension treatment study: study design and baseline factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    LINDA M. ZANGWILL; ROBERT N. WEINREB; CHARLES C. BERRY; AMANDA R. SMITH; KERI A. DIRKES; JEFFREY M. LIEBMANN; JAMES D. BRANDT; Gary Trick; GEORGE A. CIOFFI; ANNE L. COLEMAN; Jody R Piltz-Seymour; Mae O Gordon; Michael A Kass

    2004-01-01

    PurposeTo describe the study design of the Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy (CSLO) Ancillary Study to the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) and to examine the associations between optic disk topography, and baseline demographic, clinical, and ocular factors at study entry.

  20. Minding our own bodies: reviewing the literature regarding the perceptions of service users diagnosed with serious mental illness on barriers to accessing physical health care.

    PubMed

    Chadwick, Angelina; Street, Clare; McAndrew, Sue; Deacon, Maureen

    2012-06-01

    International studies consistently demonstrate that individuals diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI) have an increased risk of co-morbid physical health problems and premature death. During the past decade, government policy in the UK has focused on improving the physical health of those with SMI. Despite this, international research has continued to report barriers to accessing appropriate services. These have been identified as emanating from service users and professionals alike, and also from institutional bureaucracy. Most of this research has reported difficulties from the perspective of various professional groups, with little attention being paid to the service user voice. Studies from the service user perspective undertaken in the past 10 years equate to six qualitative and three quantitative studies, and it appears that poor physical health care remains a problem in the developed world. The quality of this care is compromised by practical problems and interpersonal difficulties between service users and health-care providers and between providers of mental health services and those providing physical health care. This paper presents a review of the nine international studies and discusses the implications for developing policy and practices that could lead to improved physical health-care services for people experiencing SMI. PMID:22533328

  1. Empirical studies on informal patient payments for health care services: a systematic and critical review of research methods and instruments

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Empirical evidence demonstrates that informal patient payments are an important feature of many health care systems. However, the study of these payments is a challenging task because of their potentially illegal and sensitive nature. The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review and analysis of key methodological difficulties in measuring informal patient payments. Methods The systematic review was based on the following eligibility criteria: English language publications that reported on empirical studies measuring informal patient payments. There were no limitations with regard to the year of publication. The content of the publications was analysed qualitatively and the results were organised in the form of tables. Data sources were Econlit, Econpapers, Medline, PubMed, ScienceDirect, SocINDEX. Results Informal payments for health care services are most often investigated in studies involving patients or the general public, but providers and officials are also sample units in some studies. The majority of the studies apply a single mode of data collection that involves either face-to-face interviews or group discussions. One of the main methodological difficulties reported in the publication concerns the inability of some respondents to distinguish between official and unofficial payments. Another complication is associated with the refusal of some respondents to answer questions on informal patient payments. We do not exclude the possibility that we have missed studies that reported in non-English language journals as well as very recent studies that are not yet published. Conclusions Given the recent evidence from research on survey methods, a self-administrated questionnaire during a face-to-face interview could be a suitable mode of collecting sensitive data, such as data on informal patient payments. PMID:20849658

  2. A review of official data obtained from dog control records generated by the dog control service of county cork, Ireland during 2007

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background There are no peer reviewed data on dog control records from an official agency in Ireland. In order to address this, a total of 2,669 official dog control service records generated during 2007 by Cork County Council dog control service were reviewed. Results Over 70 percent of records related to unwanted dogs and dogs not under their owners control. Stray dogs were collected by the service regularly throughout the year but with notable increase in voluntary surrenders by owners from January through to April. The majority of dogs collected or surrendered were male (2:1 ratio), of medium size, described as having a friendly temperament and were not wearing a neck collar. The Crossbreed and Greyhound breeds were more frequently collected as strays, while Greyhounds and German Shepherds were more frequently voluntarily surrendered by their owner. Restricted breeds such as Pit Bull terriers, German Shepherds and Rottweilers were more frequently reported by members of the public for aggressive behaviour while the only restricted breed reported for biting or snapping was the German Shepherd. Conclusions Routine recording of dog control services in County Cork provide data on responsible dog ownership including the licensing of breeds, and surrender of owned dogs and the collection of stray dogs. Data capture and utilisation of dog control services by local authorities has potential to inform policy on responsible dog ownership and education programmes. PMID:22681751

  3. The effectiveness of service delivery initiatives at improving patients' waiting times in clinical radiology departments: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Olisemeke, B; Chen, Y F; Hemming, K; Girling, A

    2014-12-01

    We reviewed the literature for the impact of service delivery initiatives (SDIs) on patients' waiting times within radiology departments. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, INSPEC and The Cochrane Library for relevant articles published between 1995 and February, 2013. The Cochrane EPOC risk of bias tool was used to assess the risk of bias on studies that met specified design criteria. Fifty-seven studies met the inclusion criteria. The types of SDI implemented included extended scope practice (ESP, three studies), quality management (12 studies), productivity-enhancing technologies (PETs, 29 studies), multiple interventions (11 studies), outsourcing and pay-for-performance (one study each). The uncontrolled pre- and post-intervention and the post-intervention designs were used in 54 (95%) of the studies. The reporting quality was poor: many of the studies did not test and/or report the statistical significance of their results. The studies were highly heterogeneous, therefore meta-analysis was inappropriate. The following type of SDIs showed promising results: extended scope practice; quality management methodologies including Six Sigma, Lean methodology, and continuous quality improvement; productivity-enhancing technologies including speech recognition reporting, teleradiology and computerised physician order entry systems. We have suggested improved study design and the mapping of the definitions of patient waiting times in radiology to generic timelines as a starting point for moving towards a situation where it becomes less restrictive to compare and/or pool the results of future studies in a meta-analysis. PMID:24888629

  4. Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Teacher, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Provides reviews of four computer software packages designed for use in science education. Describes courseware dealing with a variety of tips for teaching physics concepts, chemical reactions in an aqueous solution, mitosis and meiosis, and photosynthesis. (TW)

  5. Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-01-01

    BOOK REVIEWS (71) Calculations for A-Level Physics, 4th edition The Science of Soccer New Higher Physics, 2nd edition Standard Grade Physics, 2nd edition Particle Physics WEB WATCH (75) 'Fly me to the Moon ...'

  6. Interventions to reduce dependency in personal activities of daily living in community-dwelling adults who use homecare services: protocol for a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background There is a growing demand for services whereby individuals receive assistance from care workers for personal care within the home. This has led to the development of re-ablement or restorative homecare services that provide time-limited input aimed at reducing dependency in personal activities of daily living, and preventing or delaying the need for further homecare support. However, little is currently known about how such interventions are configured, or how they may affect individuals’ ability to carry out personal care independently. Methods/Design We will seek to identify studies that compare an intervention designed to reduce dependency in personal activities of daily living with routine input or usual care as the control. We will include randomised controlled trials, nonrandomised controlled trials, and controlled before and after studies. We will also include interrupted time series studies. We shall search electronic databases in addition to searching for ongoing and unpublished studies, and where appropriate will contact key authors. Two reviewers will independently screen articles for inclusion; will assess risk of bias using quality assessment tools; and will carry out data extraction using pre-prepared forms. Any disagreements, at any stage, will be resolved by discussion and the involvement of a third reviewer if needed. We will produce a narrative summary of the results. A meta-analysis will be conducted if sufficient data are available of appropriate quality and comparability. Discussion The findings from this review will inform future practice within homecare re-ablement services; will inform policy decisions about the structure, organisation and content of such services; and will identify areas where further research is warranted. Trial registration This review protocol has been registered on the PROSPERO database (CRD42013004163). PMID:23816279

  7. Improving Access to Emergency Contraception Pills through Strengthening Service Delivery and Demand Generation: A Systematic Review of Current Evidence in Low and Middle-Income Countries

    PubMed Central

    Dawson, Angela; Tran, Nguyen-Toan; Westley, Elizabeth; Mangiaterra, Viviana; Festin, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Emergency contraception pills (ECP) are among the 13 essential commodities in the framework for action established by the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children. Despite having been on the market for nearly 20 years, a number of barriers still limit women's access to ECP in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) including limited consumer knowledge and poor availability. This paper reports the results of a review to synthesise the current evidence on service delivery strategies to improve access to ECP. Methods A narrative synthesis methodology was used to examine peer reviewed research literature (2003 to 2013) from diverse methodological traditions to provide critical insights into strategies to improve access from a service delivery perspective. The studies were appraised using established scoring systems and the findings of included papers thematically analysed and patterns mapped across all findings using concept mapping. Findings Ten papers were included in the review. Despite limited research of adequate quality, promising strategies to improve access were identified including: advance provision of ECP; task shifting and sharing; intersectoral collaboration for sexual assault; m-health for information provision; and scale up through national family planning programs. Conclusion There are a number of gaps in the research concerning service delivery and ECP in LMIC. These include a lack of knowledge concerning private/commercial sector contributions to improving access, the needs of vulnerable groups of women, approaches to enhancing intersectoral collaboration, evidence for social marketing models and investment cases for ECP. PMID:25285438

  8. Using ancillary information to improve hypocenter estimation: Bayesian single event location (BSEL)

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, Dale N [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    We have developed and tested an algorithm, Bayesian Single Event Location (BSEL), for estimating the location of a seismic event. The main driver for our research is the inadequate representation of ancillary information in the hypocenter estimation procedure. The added benefit is that we have also addressed instability issues often encountered with historical NLR solvers (e.g., non-convergence or seismically infeasible results). BSEL differs from established nonlinear regression techniques by using a Bayesian prior probability density function (prior PDF) to incorporate ancillary physical basis constraints about event location. P-wave arrival times from seismic events are used in the development. Depth, a focus of this paper, may be modeled with a prior PDF (potentially skewed) that captures physical basis bounds from surface wave observations. This PDF is constructed from a Rayleigh wave depth excitation eigenfunction that is based on the observed minimum period from a spectrogram analysis and estimated near-source elastic parameters. For example, if the surface wave is an Rg phase, it potentially provides a strong constraint for depth, which has important implications for remote monitoring of nuclear explosions. The proposed Bayesian algorithm is illustrated with events that demonstrate its congruity with established hypocenter estimation methods and its application potential. The BSEL method is applied to three events: (1) A shallow Mw 4 earthquake that occurred near Bardwell, KY on June 6, 2003, (2) the Mw 5.6 earthquake of July 26, 2005 that occurred near Dillon, MT, and (3) a deep Mw 5.7 earthquake that occurred off the coast of Japan on April 22, 1980. A strong Rg was observed from the Bardwell, KY earthquake that places very strong constraints on depth and origin time. No Rg was observed for the Dillon, MT earthquake, but we used the minimum observed period of a Rayleigh wave (7 seconds) to reduce the depth and origin time uncertainty. Because the Japan event was deep, there is no observed surface wave energy. We utilize the prior generated from the Dillon, MT event to show that even in the case when a prior is inappropriately applied, high quality data will overcome its influence and result in a reasonable hypocenter estimate.

  9. Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Higgens; Peter Howard; Brian Goodey; Richard East; Simon Rendel

    1991-01-01

    The Englishman's England by Ian Ousby, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990, 244pp. 0–521–37374–3, £14.95The Meaning of Gardens: Idea, Place, and Action, edited by Mark Francis and Randolph T. Hester Jr., Cambridge, Mass, MIT Press, 1990, ISBN 0–262–06127–9, 283pp., £31.50 (HB)Landscape Design Guide, edited by Adrian Lisney, Ken Fieldhouse & Jeremy Dodd, Property Services Agency, Gower Technical, 1990, Vol. 1 Soft

  10. Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-05-01

    DISTANCE-LEARNING COURSES (263) Planetary Science and Astronomy BOOK REVIEWS (263) A New Kind of Science Planetary Science: The Science of Planets Around Stars EQUIPMENT (265) The Science Enhancement Program (SEP) Geiger Counter WEB WATCH (265) Revision sites SOFTWARE (267) Exploration of Physics Volume 1

  11. Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newland, Robert J.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Reviews four organic chemistry computer programs and three books. Software includes: (1) NMR Simulator 7--for IBM or Macintosh, (2) Nucleic Acid Structure and Synthesis--for IBM, (3) Molecular Design Editor--for Apple II, and (4) Synthetic Adventure--for Apple II and IBM. Book topics include physical chemistry, polymer pioneers, and the basics of…

  12. Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Repak, Arthur J.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Computer software, audiovisuals, and books are reviewed. Includes topics on interfacing, ionic equilibrium, space, the classification system, Acquired Immune Disease Syndrome, evolution, human body processes, energy, pesticides, teaching school, cells, and geological aspects. Availability, price, and a description of each are provided. (RT)

  13. Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Chemical Education, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Reviews three computer software packages for chemistry education including "Osmosis and Diffusion" and "E.M.E. Titration Lab" for Apple II and "Simplex-V: An Interactive Computer Program for Experimental Optimization" for IBM PC. Summary ratings include ease of use, content, pedagogic value, student reaction, and cost. (CW)

  14. Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. I. Logan; A. J. Rose

    1957-01-01

    This review summarizes our present knowledge about the composition and function of the plant nuclear envelope. Compared with animals or yeast, our molec- ular understanding of the nuclear envelope in higher plants is in its infancy. However, fundamental differ- ences in the structure and function of the plant and animal nuclear envelope have already been found. Here, we compare and

  15. Effect of Health Insurance on the Use and Provision of Maternal Health Services and Maternal and Neonatal Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Peterson, Lauren A.; Hatt, Laurel E.

    2013-01-01

    Financial barriers can affect timely access to maternal health services. Health insurance can influence the use and quality of these services and potentially improve maternal and neonatal health outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence on health insurance and its effects on the use and provision of maternal health services and on maternal and neonatal health outcomes in middle- and low-income countries. Studies were identified through a literature search in key databases and consultation with experts in healthcare financing and maternal health. Twenty-nine articles met the review criteria of focusing on health insurance and its effect on the use or quality of maternal health services, or maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Sixteen studies assessed demand-side effects of insurance, eight focused on supply-side effects, and the remainder addressed both. Geographically, the studies provided evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (n=11), Asia (n=9), Latin America (n=8), and Turkey. The studies included examples from national or social insurance schemes (n=7), government-run public health insurance schemes (n=4), community-based health insurance schemes (n=11), and private insurance (n=3). Half of the studies used econometric analyses while the remaining provided descriptive statistics or qualitative results. There is relatively consistent evidence that health insurance is positively correlated with the use of maternal health services. Only four studies used methods that can establish this causal relationship. Six studies presented suggestive evidence of overprovision of caesarean sections in response to providers’ payment incentives through health insurance. Few studies focused on the relationship between health insurance and the quality of maternal health services or maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The available evidence on the quality and health outcomes is inconclusive, given the differences in measurement, contradictory findings, and statistical limitations. Consistent with economic theories, the studies identified a positive relationship between health insurance and the use of maternal health services. However, more rigorous causal methods are needed to identify the extent to which the use of these services increases among the insured. Better measurement of quality and the use of cross-country analyses would solidify the evidence on the impact of insurance on the quality of maternal health services and maternal and neonatal health outcomes.

  16. Effect of health insurance on the use and provision of maternal health services and maternal and neonatal health outcomes: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Comfort, Alison B; Peterson, Lauren A; Hatt, Laurel E

    2013-12-01

    Financial barriers can affect timely access to maternal health services. Health insurance can influence the use and quality of these services and potentially improve maternal and neonatal health outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence on health insurance and its effects on the use and provision of maternal health services and on maternal and neonatal health outcomes in middle- and low-income countries. Studies were identified through a literature search in key databases and consultation with experts in healthcare financing and maternal health. Twenty-nine articles met the review criteria of focusing on health insurance and its effect on the use or quality of maternal health services, or maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Sixteen studies assessed demand-side effects of insurance, eight focused on supply-side effects, and the remainder addressed both. Geographically, the studies provided evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (n = 11), Asia (n = 9), Latin America (n = 8), and Turkey. The studies included examples from national or social insurance schemes (n = 7), government-run public health insurance schemes (n = 4), community-based health insurance schemes (n = 11), and private insurance (n = 3). Half of the studies used econometric analyses while the remaining provided descriptive statistics or qualitative results. There is relatively consistent evidence that health insurance is positively correlated with the use of maternal health services. Only four studies used methods that can establish this causal relationship. Six studies presented suggestive evidence of over-provision of caesarean sections in response to providers' payment incentives through health insurance. Few studies focused on the relationship between health insurance and the quality of maternal health services or maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The available evidence on the quality and health outcomes is inconclusive, given the differences in measurement, contradictory findings, and statistical limitations. Consistent with economic theories, the studies identified a positive relationship between health insurance and the use of maternal health services. However, more rigorous causal methods are needed to identify the extent to which the use of these services increases among the insured. Better measurement of quality and the use of cross-country analyses would solidify the evidence on the impact of insurance on the quality of maternal health services and maternal and neonatal health outcomes. PMID:24992805

  17. Integrated Stormwater Management in Los Angeles, California: Best Management Practices and Evaluation of Ancillary Benefits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hogue, T. S.

    2014-12-01

    Best Management Practices (BMPs) and Low Impact Development (LID) have been the primary tools to address quantitative and qualitative surface runoff impacts. The City of Los Angeles (City) is evaluating plans for individual Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) pollutants in each of its major watersheds. However, it has yet to be studied if implementing individual BMP projects will adequately address water quality objectives for receiving (downstream) water bodies, such as Ballona Creek, Ballona Estuary and the Santa Monica Bay. In addition, there is significant uncertainty surrounding potential ancillary benefits (flood reduction, water supply, green space, etc.) from BMP/LID implementation. This presentation will overview our work with the City evaluating the influence of BMPs and LIDs in improving water quality at the watershed scale as well as quantifying other hydrologic benefits. Multiple BMP scenarios are considered to identify various pathways toward improved receiving water body quality in Ballona Creek and Dominquez watersheds. Specific study objectives are to: 1) identify suites of BMP scenarios which can lead to TMDL compliance, 2) quantify the multiple benefits provided by BMPs beyond their primary water quality improvement purpose, and 3) evaluate the success of using existing software for watershed-scale BMP modeling. Our goal is to provide realistic, implementable pathways that can be used by stakeholders to help plan for future education, outreach and capital improvement programs as well as determine feasible pollutant reduction objectives.

  18. Disaggregating Census Data for Population Mapping Using Random Forests with Remotely-Sensed and Ancillary Data

    PubMed Central

    Stevens, Forrest R.; Gaughan, Andrea E.; Linard, Catherine; Tatem, Andrew J.

    2015-01-01

    High resolution, contemporary data on human population distributions are vital for measuring impacts of population growth, monitoring human-environment interactions and for planning and policy development. Many methods are used to disaggregate census data and predict population densities for finer scale, gridded population data sets. We present a new semi-automated dasymetric modeling approach that incorporates detailed census and ancillary data in a flexible, “Random Forest” estimation technique. We outline the combination of widely available, remotely-sensed and geospatial data that contribute to the modeled dasymetric weights and then use the Random Forest model to generate a gridded prediction of population density at ~100 m spatial resolution. This prediction layer is then used as the weighting surface to perform dasymetric redistribution of the census counts at a country level. As a case study we compare the new algorithm and its products for three countries (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Kenya) with other common gridded population data production methodologies. We discuss the advantages of the new method and increases over the accuracy and flexibility of those previous approaches. Finally, we outline how this algorithm will be extended to provide freely-available gridded population data sets for Africa, Asia and Latin America. PMID:25689585

  19. A case study review of technical and technology issues for transition of a utility load management program to provide system reliability resources in restructured electricity markets

    SciTech Connect

    Weller, G.H.

    2001-07-15

    Utility load management programs--including direct load control and interruptible load programs--were employed by utilities in the past as system reliability resources. With electricity industry restructuring, the context for these programs has changed; the market that was once controlled by vertically integrated utilities has become competitive, raising the question: can existing load management programs be modified so that they can effectively participate in competitive energy markets? In the short run, modified and/or improved operation of load management programs may be the most effective form of demand-side response available to the electricity system today. However, in light of recent technological advances in metering, communication, and load control, utility load management programs must be carefully reviewed in order to determine appropriate investments to support this transition. This report investigates the feasibility of and options for modifying an existing utility load management system so that it might provide reliability services (i.e. ancillary services) in the competitive markets that have resulted from electricity industry restructuring. The report is a case study of Southern California Edison's (SCE) load management programs. SCE was chosen because it operates one of the largest load management programs in the country and it operates them within a competitive wholesale electricity market. The report describes a wide range of existing and soon-to-be-available communication, control, and metering technologies that could be used to facilitate the evolution of SCE's load management programs and systems to provision of reliability services. The fundamental finding of this report is that, with modifications, SCE's load management infrastructure could be transitioned to provide critical ancillary services in competitive electricity markets, employing currently or soon-to-be available load control technologies.

  20. Engineering Task Plan for the Integrity Assessment Examination of Double Contained Receiver Tanks (DCRT) Catch Tanks and Ancillary facilities

    SciTech Connect

    BECKER, D.L.

    2000-05-23

    This Engineering Task Plan (ETP) presents the integrity assessment examination of three DCRTs, seven catch tanks, and two ancillary facilities located in the 200 East and West Areas of the Hanford Site. The integrity assessment examinations, as described in this ETP, will provide the necessary information to enable the independently qualified registered professional engineer (IQRPE) to assess the condition and integrity of these facilities. The plan is consistent with the Double-Shell Tank Waste Transfer Facilities Integrity Assessment Plan.

  1. Effects of climate change on the delivery of soil-mediated ecosystem services within the primary sector in temperate ecosystems: a review and New Zealand case study.

    PubMed

    Orwin, Kate H; Stevenson, Bryan A; Smaill, Simeon J; Kirschbaum, Miko U F; Dickie, Ian A; Clothier, Brent E; Garrett, Loretta G; van der Weerden, Tony J; Beare, Michael H; Curtin, Denis; de Klein, Cecile A M; Dodd, Michael B; Gentile, Roberta; Hedley, Carolyn; Mullan, Brett; Shepherd, Mark; Wakelin, Steven A; Bell, Nigel; Bowatte, Saman; Davis, Murray R; Dominati, Estelle; O'Callaghan, Maureen; Parfitt, Roger L; Thomas, Steve M

    2015-08-01

    Future human well-being under climate change depends on the ongoing delivery of food, fibre and wood from the land-based primary sector. The ability to deliver these provisioning services depends on soil-based ecosystem services (e.g. carbon, nutrient and water cycling and storage), yet we lack an in-depth understanding of the likely response of soil-based ecosystem services to climate change. We review the current knowledge on this topic for temperate ecosystems, focusing on mechanisms that are likely to underpin differences in climate change responses between four primary sector systems: cropping, intensive grazing, extensive grazing and plantation forestry. We then illustrate how our findings can be applied to assess service delivery under climate change in a specific region, using New Zealand as an example system. Differences in the climate change responses of carbon and nutrient-related services between systems will largely be driven by whether they are reliant on externally added or internally cycled nutrients, the extent to which plant communities could influence responses, and variation in vulnerability to erosion. The ability of soils to regulate water under climate change will mostly be driven by changes in rainfall, but can be influenced by different primary sector systems' vulnerability to soil water repellency and differences in evapotranspiration rates. These changes in regulating services resulted in different potentials for increased biomass production across systems, with intensively managed systems being the most likely to benefit from climate change. Quantitative prediction of net effects of climate change on soil ecosystem services remains a challenge, in part due to knowledge gaps, but also due to the complex interactions between different aspects of climate change. Despite this challenge, it is critical to gain the information required to make such predictions as robust as possible given the fundamental role of soils in supporting human well-being. PMID:25891785

  2. 76 FR 9786 - NIOSH Dose Reconstruction Program Ten-Year Review-Phase I Report on Customer Service; Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ...for Disease Control and Prevention NIOSH Dose Reconstruction Program Ten-Year Review...comment on the draft publication, ``NIOSH Dose Reconstruction Program Ten-Year Review...review is a data-driven assessment of the dose reconstruction program. The...

  3. Around the World in 650 Megabytes: A Review of Multimedia World Atlas Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller-Lachmann, Lyn

    1997-01-01

    Reviews multimedia world atlas programs geared to a wide range of audiences and age groups, some of which are tailored for specific interests. Reviews of nine programs highlight their strong points and weaknesses. Ancillary material, such as manuals or teacher guides, is also evaluated. (SLD)

  4. Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda

    E-print Network

    , cultural heritage, outdoor recreation, and spiritual significance demonstrates opportunitiesContributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda Terry C. Daniela,1 , Andreas 20, 2012 (received for review September 9, 2011) Cultural ecosystem services (ES) are consistently

  5. Contracting for Services: A Review of the Contracting Process Jim Haining, C.P.M., A.P.P., MBA, President JDH Management 913-488-0250; jhaining@gmail.com

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Contracting for services differs from the typical purchasing contract for materials and has a different set of challenges. We will review the basics of contracting for services, including what you need to receive from your end users and suppliers prior to formalizing a contract. Some of the important elements include the detailed scope of work (SOW), the contract terms and

  6. An Optimization Framework for Data Centers to Minimize Electric Bill under Day-Ahead Dynamic Energy Prices While Providing Regulation Services

    E-print Network

    Pedram, Massoud

    Prices While Providing Regulation Services Majid Ghasemi-Gol, Yanzhi Wang, and Massoud Pedram University considers a problem whereby the smart grid employs both day-ahead dynamic energy prices and regulation candidates to offer ancillary services and respond to regulation signals in a smart grid. This paper

  7. FINANCIAL & BUSINESS SERVICES Procurement &

    E-print Network

    Tipple, Brett

    FINANCIAL & BUSINESS SERVICES Procurement & Payment Summary Accounts Payable Perry H. Hull #12;FINANCIAL & BUSINESS SERVICES Agenda · Accounts Payable: Who we are...what we do... · Accounts Payable Reorganization · AP Transaction Volume · Expenditure Review · Procurement & Payment Options · Direct Deposit

  8. 78 FR 42034 - More Data Sought on Extra Fees Levied on Inmate Calling Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    In this document, the Wireline Competition Bureau (Bureau) seeks additional comment on certain fees related to inmate calling services (ICS). The record to date indicates that ICS providers may charge ICS account holders fees that appear ancillary to making calls, such as account setup fees, account replenishment fees, account refund fees, and account inactivity...

  9. The Nature of Choice and Value for Services and Amenities in Australian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yezdani, Omer

    2015-01-01

    In two decades, Australian university students have accumulated over $25 billion in debt, a figure that is expected to increase dramatically over the next few years. The literature has rarely considered students' attitudes about ancillary services and amenities, despite their importance to the character of university life and substantial…

  10. New Challenges in Agricultural Advisory Services from a Research Perspective: A Literature Review, Synthesis and Research Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faure, Guy; Desjeux, Yann; Gasselin, Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Agricultural advisory services are perceived by many actors involved in rural development as a key driver behind innovation processes in agriculture. However, changes in national and global contexts cause dramatic changes in the orientation of advisory services, their organisation and their methods of intervention. This article aims to…

  11. Library Programs. Library Services for Indian Tribes and Hawaiian Natives Program. LSCA Title IV. Review of Program Activities, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fine, Beth, Comp.; Villines, Dianne, Comp.

    The lack of library facilities, books and documents, and trained personnel are significant obstacles to Indian Tribes and Hawaiian Natives engaged in developing and strengthening public library services. The Library Services for Indian Tribes and Hawaiian Natives Program is the only Federal library program that provides direct grant funds for…

  12. Review of SISA student dissertations on library and information systems and services in eastern and Southern Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. G. Chowdhury; Taye T. Tadesse

    1995-01-01

    Survey works, carried out by 15 MSc (Information Science) students of the School of Information Studies for Africa (SISA) in the course of their dissertation work, reveal some important facts related to information systems and services in the countries studied. This paper analyses the student dissertations in order to present an overview of the library and information systems and services

  13. Book Reviews : \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terry E. Hedrick

    1992-01-01

    Books applicable to the broad field of program evaluation are reviewed. Books may be reviews singularly or in groups to illuminate similarities and differences in intent, philosophy, and usefulness. Persons with suggestions of books to be re viewed or those who wish to submit a review should contact Dr. Byron R. Burnham, Evaluation Specialist (Cooperative Extension Service, Utah State Uni

  14. 76 FR 36400 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ...and Maintenance Expenses 48. Different energy storage technologies have different operating cost structures. For example, flywheels generally have relatively low O&M expenses but higher upfront capital costs compared to batteries, which tend to have...

  15. Improving recombinant Rubisco biogenesis, plant photosynthesis and growth by coexpressing its ancillary RAF1 chaperone.

    PubMed

    Whitney, Spencer M; Birch, Rosemary; Kelso, Celine; Beck, Jennifer L; Kapralov, Maxim V

    2015-03-17

    Enabling improvements to crop yield and resource use by enhancing the catalysis of the photosynthetic CO2-fixing enzyme Rubisco has been a longstanding challenge. Efforts toward realization of this goal have been greatly assisted by advances in understanding the complexities of Rubisco's biogenesis in plastids and the development of tailored chloroplast transformation tools. Here we generate transplastomic tobacco genotypes expressing Arabidopsis Rubisco large subunits (AtL), both on their own (producing tob(AtL) plants) and with a cognate Rubisco accumulation factor 1 (AtRAF1) chaperone (producing tob(AtL-R1) plants) that has undergone parallel functional coevolution with AtL. We show AtRAF1 assembles as a dimer and is produced in tob(AtL-R1) and Arabidopsis leaves at 10-15 nmol AtRAF1 monomers per square meter. Consistent with a postchaperonin large (L)-subunit assembly role, the AtRAF1 facilitated two to threefold improvements in the amount and biogenesis rate of hybrid L8(A)S8(t) Rubisco [comprising AtL and tobacco small (S) subunits] in tob(AtL-R1) leaves compared with tob(AtL), despite >threefold lower steady-state Rubisco mRNA levels in tob(AtL-R1). Accompanying twofold increases in photosynthetic CO2-assimilation rate and plant growth were measured for tob(AtL-R1) lines. These findings highlight the importance of ancillary protein complementarity during Rubisco biogenesis in plastids, the possible constraints this has imposed on Rubisco adaptive evolution, and the likely need for such interaction specificity to be considered when optimizing recombinant Rubisco bioengineering in plants. PMID:25733857

  16. Reduction of CO2 using a Rhenium Bipyridine Complex Containing Ancillary BODIPY Moieties

    PubMed Central

    Teesdale, Justin J.; Pistner, Allen J.; Yap, Glenn P.A.; Ma, Ying-Zhong; Lutterman, Daniel A.; Rosenthal, Joel

    2014-01-01

    The reduction of carbon dioxide to chemical fuels such as carbon monoxide is an important challenge in the field of renewable energy conversion. Given the thermodynamic stability of carbon dioxide, it is difficult to efficiently activate this substrate in a selective fashion and the development of new electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction is of prime importance. To this end, we have prepared and studied a new fac-ReI(CO)3 complex supported by a bipyridine ligand containing ancillary BODIPY moieties ([Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl]). Voltammetry experiments revealed that this system displays a rich redox chemistry under N2, as [Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl] can be reduced by up to four electrons at modest potentials. These redox events have been characterized as the ReI/0 couple, and three ligand based reductions – two of which are localized on the BODIPY units. The ability of the BB2 ligand to serve as a non-innocent redox reservoir is manifest in an enhanced electrocatalysis with CO2 as compared to an unsubstituted Re-bipyridine complex lacking BODIPY units ([Re(bpy)(CO)3Cl]). The second order rate constant for reduction of CO2 by [Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl] was measured to be k = 3400 M?1s?1 at an applied potential of ?2.0 V versus SCE, which is roughly three times greater than the corresponding unsubstituted Re-bipyridine homologue. Photophysical and photochemical studies were also carried out to determine if [Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl] was a competent platform for CO2 reduction using visible light. These experiments showed that this complex supports unusual excited state dynamics that precludes efficient CO2 reduction and are distinct from those that are typically observed for fac-ReI(CO)3 complexes. PMID:25395735

  17. Reduction of CO2 using a Rhenium Bipyridine Complex Containing Ancillary BODIPY Redox Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect

    Teesdale, Justin [University of Delaware] [University of Delaware; Pistner, Allen [University of Delaware] [University of Delaware; Yapp, Glenn P. A. [University of Delaware] [University of Delaware; Ma, Yingzhong [ORNL] [ORNL; Lutterman, Daniel A [ORNL] [ORNL; Rosenthal, Joel [University of Delaware] [University of Delaware

    2014-01-01

    The reduction of carbon dioxide to chemical fuels such as carbon monoxide is an important challenge in the field of renewable energy conversion. Given the thermodynamic stability of carbon dioxide, it is difficult to efficiently activate this substrate in a selective fashion and the development of new electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction is of prime importance. To this end, we have prepared and studied a new fac-ReI(CO)3 complex supported by a bipyridine ligand containing ancillary BODIPY moieties ([Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl]). Voltammetry experiments revealed that this system displays a rich redox chemistry under N2, as [Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl] can be reduced by up to four electrons at modest potentials. These redox events have been characterized as the ReI/0 couple, and three ligand based reductions two of which are localized on the BODIPY units. The ability of the BB2 ligand to serve as a noninnocent redox reservoir is manifest in an enhanced electrocatalysis with CO2 as compared to an unsubstituted Re-bipyridine complex lacking BODIPY units ([Re(bpy)(CO)3Cl]). The second order rate constant for reduction of CO2 by [Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl] was measured to be k = 3400 M 1s 1 at an applied potential of 2.0 V versus SCE, which is roughly three times greater than the corresponding unsubstituted Re-bipyridine homologue. Photophysical and photochemical studies were also carried out to determine if [Re(BB2)(CO)3Cl] was a competent platform for CO2 reduction using visible light. These experiments showed that this complex supports unusual excited state dynamics that are not typically observed for fac- ReI(CO)3 complexes.

  18. 47 CFR 54.725 - Universal service disbursements during pendency of a request for review and Administrator decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...an Administrator decision under § 54.719...schools and libraries support mechanism or the...cost and low income support mechanisms, the...shall not disburse support to a service provider until a final decision has been...

  19. 47 CFR 54.725 - Universal service disbursements during pendency of a request for review and Administrator decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...an Administrator decision under § 54.719...schools and libraries support mechanism or the...cost and low income support mechanisms, the...shall not disburse support to a service provider until a final decision has been...

  20. 47 CFR 54.725 - Universal service disbursements during pendency of a request for review and Administrator decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...an Administrator decision under § 54.719...schools and libraries support mechanism or the...cost and low income support mechanisms, the...shall not disburse support to a service provider until a final decision has been...

  1. 47 CFR 76.944 - Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the basic service tier and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the... § 76.944 Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the...sole forum for appeals of decisions by franchising authorities on rates for the...

  2. 47 CFR 76.944 - Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the basic service tier and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the... § 76.944 Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the...sole forum for appeals of decisions by franchising authorities on rates for the...

  3. Forecast competitor service strategy with service taxonomy and CI data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chun-Hsien Liu; Chu-Ching Wang

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The paper aims to develop a service taxonomy model and a mathematical process to forecast a competitor's service business strategy in a multiple service business context by inputting CI data such as the profits of existing core services. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A qualitative method of literature review is adopted to build a service taxonomy model and form two propositions.

  4. Essays on Service Innovation

    E-print Network

    Dotzel, Thomas

    2010-10-12

    of Marketing. 2 service management literature, new service management is among the least studied and understood topics (Menor, Tatikonda, and Sampson 2002). We need a deeper understanding of both the determinants and outcomes of service innovations..., Tellis, and Griffin 2006 and Shankar 2008 for detailed reviews). Even within the service management literature, new service management is among the least studied and understood topics (Menor, Tatikonda, and Sampson 2002). 13 The literature on goods...

  5. Procurement market model for reactive power services considering system security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. El-Smahy; K. Bhattacharya; C. Canizares; M. Anjos; Jiuping Pan

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes a two-level framework for the operation of a competitive market for reactive power ancillary services. It is argued that the first-level, i.e. reactive power procurement, be on a seasonal basis while the second-level, i.e. reactive power dispatch, be close to real-time operation. To this effect, a reactive power procurement market model is proposed here taking into consideration

  6. Role of ancillary procedures in surgical management of carpal tunnel syndrome: epineurotomy, internal neurolysis, tenosynovectomy, and tendon transfers.

    PubMed

    Ting, Jess; Weiland, Andrew J

    2002-05-01

    The role of ancillary procedures in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome is controversial, especially with regard to internal neurolysis and epineurotomy. At present, there are little to no data to support their routine use in the treatment of primary carpal tunnel syndrome. Similarly, the use of tenosynovectomy in carpal tunnel surgery should be limited to those patients with clear underlying rheumatologic or inflammatory risk factors, or with gross synovitis incidentally noted at surgery. The Camitz transfer is uniquely suited to treating the thenar wasting seen in advanced carpal tunnel syndrome. It can be performed concurrently with open carpal tunnel release with minimal additional dissection and morbidity. PMID:12371034

  7. Structural, Spectroscopic, And Theoretical Elucidation of a Redox-Active Pincer-Type Ancillary Applied in Catalysis

    SciTech Connect

    Adhikari, D.; Mossin, S.; Basuli, F.; Huffman, J.C.; Szilagyi, R.K.; Meyer, K.; Mindiola, D.J.

    2009-05-11

    Pincer-type ligands are believed to be very robust scaffolds that can support multifarious functionalities as well as highly reactive metal motifs applied in organometallic chemistry, especially in the realm of catalysis. In this paper, we describe the redox and, therefore, noninnocent behavior of a PNP (PNP{sup -} = N[2-P(CHMe{sub 2}){sub 2}-4-methylphenyl]{sub 2}) pincer ancillary bound to nickel. A combination of structural, spectroscopic, and theoretical techniques suggests that this type of framework can house an electron hole when coordinated to Ni(II).

  8. 5 CFR 185.105 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 185.105 Section 185.105 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.105 Review by the reviewing official. If,...

  9. 77 FR 73657 - Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Art-in-Architecture Program National Artist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-11

    ...Submission for OMB Review; Art-in- Architecture Program National Artist Registry...collection requirement regarding Art-in Architecture Program National Artist Registry...comments were received. The Art-in-Architecture Program is the result of a policy...

  10. Evaluation and integration of ancillary datasets for coastal wetland landcover classification using Landsat TM Imagery 

    E-print Network

    Hinson, James Mithland

    1993-01-01

    Inventory (NWI) and United States Geological Service (USGS) 5-foot contour, were evaluated for integration within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Coastal Change Analysis Program (CCAP) classification model. Comparison through 2...

  11. 47 CFR 25.255 - Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...4 GHz bands. 25.255 Section 25.255 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.255 Procedures for resolving harmful...

  12. 47 CFR 25.255 - Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2 GHz bands. 25.255 Section 25.255 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.255 Procedures for resolving harmful...

  13. 47 CFR 25.255 - Procedures for resolving harmful interference related to operation of ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2 GHz bands. 25.255 Section 25.255 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.255 Procedures for resolving harmful...

  14. How Western Does Business: An Explanation of Western's Products and Services

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2012-10-01

    The mission of the Western Area Power Administration is to market and deliver reliable, renewable, cost-based hydroelectric power and related services. This guide provides an overview of Western’s history and how Western carries out that mission and provides electrical, transmission and ancillary services. It also discusses how we develop plans for marketing our most valuable resources—long-term firm capacity and energy.

  15. The utilisation of mental health services by children and young people from a refugee background: a systematic literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erminia Colucci; Josef Szwarc; Harry Minas; Georgia Paxton; Carmel Guerra

    2012-01-01

    People from refugee background are known to be vulnerable to the development of mental health problems and to suicide because of the pre-migration events they have experienced and the difficulties associated with moving from their homeland to a usually different society. Concerns have been expressed that, in spite of this, young refugees' rates of contact with mental-health services are substantially

  16. Pharmacies as providers of expanded health services for people who inject drugs: a review of laws, policies, and barriers in six countries

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background People who inject drugs (PWID) are underserved by health providers but pharmacies may be their most accessible care settings. Methods Studies in the U.S., Russia, Vietnam, China, Canada and Mexico employed a three-level (macro-, meso-, and micro-) model to assess feasibility of expanded pharmacy services for PWID. Studies employed qualitative and quantitative interviews, review of legal and policy documents, and information on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of key stakeholders. Results Studies produced a mixed assessment of feasibility. Provision of information and referrals by pharmacies is permissible in all study sites and sale and safe disposal of needles/syringes by pharmacies is legal in almost all sites, although needle/syringe sales face challenges related to attitudes and practices of pharmacists, police, and other actors. Pharmacy provision of HIV testing, hepatitis vaccination, opioid substitution treatment, provision of naloxone for drug overdose, and abscess treatment, face more serious legal and policy barriers. Discussion Challenges to expanded services for drug users in pharmacies exist at all three levels, especially the macro-level characterized by legal barriers and persistent stigmatization of PWID. Where deficiencies in laws, policies, and community attitudes block implementation, stakeholders should advocate for needed legal and policy changes and work to address community stigma and resistance. Laws and policies are only as good as their implementation, so attention is also needed to meso- and micro- levels. Policies, attitudes, and practices of police departments and pharmacy chains as well as knowledge, attitudes, and practices of individual PWID, individual pharmacies, and police officers should support rather than undermine positive laws and expanded services. Despite the challenges, pharmacies remain potentially important venues for delivering health services to PWID. PMID:24938376

  17. Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 to CO using Rhenium Bipyridine Platforms Containing Ancillary Phenyl or BODIPY Moieties

    SciTech Connect

    Andrade, Gabriel [University of Delaware; Pistner, Allen [University of Delaware; Yapp, Glenn P. A. [University of Delaware; Lutterman, Daniel A [ORNL; Rosenthal, Joel [University of Delaware

    2013-01-01

    Harnessing of solar energy to drive the reduction of carbon dioxide to fuels requires the development of efficient catalysts that absorb sunlight. In this work, we detail the synthesis, electrochemistry and photophysical properties of a set of homologous fac-ReI(CO)3 complexes containing either an ancillary phenyl (8) or BODIPY (12) substituent. These studies demonstrate that both the electronic properties of the rhenium center and BODIPY chromophore are maintained for these systems. Photolysis studies demonstrate that both assemblies 8 and 12 are competent catalysts for the photochemical reduction of CO2 to CO in DMF using triethanolamine (TEOA) as a sacrificial reductant. Both these systems display TOFs for photocatalytic CO production upon irradiation with light ( ex 400 nm) of ~5 hr 1 with TON values of approximately 20. Although structural and photophysical measurements demonstrate that electronic coupling between the BODIPY and fac-ReI(CO)3 units is limited for complex 12, this work clearly shows that the photoactive BODIPY moiety is tolerated during catalysis and does not interfere with the observed photochemistry. When taken together, these results provide a clear roadmap for the development of advanced rhenium bipyridine complexes bearing ancillary BODIPY groups for the efficient photocatalytic reduction of CO2 using visible light.

  18. Interaction of Ruthenium(II)-dipyridophenazine Complexes with CT-DNA: Effects of the Polythioether Ancillary Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Madureira, João; Goodfellow, Brian J.; Drew, Michael G. B.; de Jesus, Júlio Pedrosa; Félix, Vitor

    2001-01-01

    The complexes [Ru([9]aneS3)(dppz)Cl]Cl 1 and [Ru([12]aneS4)(dppz)]Cl2 2 ([9]aneS3 = 1,4,7- trithiaciclononane and [12]aneS4 = 1,4,7,10-tetrathiaciclododecane) were synthesised and fully characterised. These complexes belong to a small family of dipyridophenazine complexes with non-polypyridyl ancillary ligands . Interaction studies of these complexes with CT-DNA (UV/Vis titrations, steady-state emission and thermal denaturation) revealed their high affinity for DNA . Intercalation constants determined by UV/Vis titrations are of the same order of magnitude (106) as other dppz metallointercalators, namely [Ru(II)(bpy)2dppz]S2+. Differences between l and2 were identified by steady-state emission and thermal denaturation studies . Emission results are in accordance with structural data, which indicate how geometric distortions and different donor and/or acceptor ligand abilities affect luminescence. The possibility of noncovalent interactions between ancillary ligands and nucleobases by van der Waals contacts and H-bridges is discussed . Furthermore, complex l undergoes aquation under intra-cellular conditions and an equilibrium with the aquated form l' is attained . This behaviour may increase the diversity of available interaction modes. PMID:18475986

  19. Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 to CO using Rhenium Bipyridine Platforms Containing Ancillary Phenyl or BODIPY Moieties

    PubMed Central

    Andrade, Gabriel A.; Pistner, Allen J.; Yap, Glenn P.A.; Lutterman, Daniel A.; Rosenthal, Joel

    2013-01-01

    Harnessing of solar energy to drive the reduction of carbon dioxide to fuels requires the development of efficient catalysts that absorb sunlight. In this work, we detail the synthesis, electrochemistry and photophysical properties of a set of homologous fac-ReI(CO)3 complexes containing either an ancillary phenyl (8) or BODIPY (12) substituent. These studies demonstrate that both the electronic properties of the rhenium center and BODIPY chromophore are maintained for these complexes. Photolysis studies demonstrate that both assemblies 8 and 12 are competent catalysts for the photochemical reduction of CO2 to CO in DMF using triethanolamine (TEOA) as a sacrificial reductant. Both compounds 8 and 12 display TOFs for photocatalytic CO production upon irradiation with light (?ex ? 400 nm) of ~5 hr?1 with TON values of approximately 20. Although structural and photophysical measurements demonstrate that electronic coupling between the BODIPY and fac-ReI(CO)3 units is limited for complex 12, this work clearly shows that the photoactive BODIPY moiety is tolerated during catalysis and does not interfere with the observed photochemistry. When taken together, these results provide a clear roadmap for the development of advanced rhenium bipyridine complexes bearing ancillary BODIPY groups for the efficient photocatalytic reduction of CO2 using visible light. PMID:24015374

  20. A systematic review of factors influencing fertility desires and intentions among people living with HIV/AIDS: implications for policy and service delivery.

    PubMed

    Nattabi, Barbara; Li, Jianghong; Thompson, Sandra C; Orach, Christopher Garimoi; Earnest, Jaya

    2009-10-01

    With availability of antiretroviral treatments, HIV is increasingly recognised as a chronic disease people live with for many years. This paper critically reviews the current literature on fertility desires and reproductive intentions among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) and critiques the theoretical frameworks and methodologies used. A systematic review was conducted using electronic databases: ISI Web of Knowledge, Science Direct, Proquest, Jstor and CINAHL for articles published between 1990 and 2008. The search terms used were fertility desire, pregnancy, HIV, reproductive decision making, reproductive intentions, motherhood, fatherhood and parenthood. Twenty-nine studies were reviewed. Fertility desires were influenced by a myriad of demographic, health, stigma-associated and psychosocial factors. Cultural factors were also important, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Future research that examines fertility desires among PLHIV should include cultural beliefs and practices in the theoretical framework in order to provide a holistic understanding and to enable development of services that meet the reproductive needs of PLHIV. PMID:19330443

  1. Service-Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billig, Shelley H.

    2002-01-01

    The five studies reviewed in this brief publication examine the scope of current research on service learning and its effects on participants. An introduction defines service learning as "an instructional practice in which students perform service as a way of complementing the knowledge and skills learned in the classroom." Titles and authors of…

  2. A review of "War, Religion and Service Huguenot Soldiering, 1685-1713" edited by Matthew Glozier and David Onnekirk

    E-print Network

    Furgol, Edward

    2009-01-01

    of assisting William establish an absolutist regime in Britain. Chapters seven and eight return to studies of the Huguenots in service of the Dutch. Glozier and Onnekink (7) show that initially the exiles benefitted from the patronage of William of Orange... and not employment by the Dutch estates. Eventually, the latter had seventeen regiments in Flanders and another five in Savoy-Piedmont. Ressinger 8 seventeenth-century news (8) examines how a duel between exile officers reveals the close family ties amongst...

  3. Can working with the private for-profit sector improve utilization of quality health services by the poor? A systematic review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Patouillard, Edith; Goodman, Catherine A; Hanson, Kara G; Mills, Anne J

    2007-01-01

    Background There has been a growing interest in the role of the private for-profit sector in health service provision in low- and middle-income countries. The private sector represents an important source of care for all socioeconomic groups, including the poorest and substantial concerns have been raised about the quality of care it provides. Interventions have been developed to address these technical failures and simultaneously take advantage of the potential for involving private providers to achieve public health goals. Limited information is available on the extent to which these interventions have successfully expanded access to quality health services for poor and disadvantaged populations. This paper addresses this knowledge gap by presenting the results of a systematic literature review on the effectiveness of working with private for-profit providers to reach the poor. Methods The search topic of the systematic literature review was the effectiveness of interventions working with the private for-profit sector to improve utilization of quality health services by the poor. Interventions included social marketing, use of vouchers, pre-packaging of drugs, franchising, training, regulation, accreditation and contracting-out. The search for published literature used a series of electronic databases including PubMed, Popline, HMIC and CabHealth Global Health. The search for grey and unpublished literature used documents available on the World Wide Web. We focused on studies which evaluated the impact of interventions on utilization and/or quality of services and which provided information on the socioeconomic status of the beneficiary populations. Results A total of 2483 references were retrieved, of which 52 qualified as impact evaluations. Data were available on the average socioeconomic status of recipient communities for 5 interventions, and on the distribution of benefits across socioeconomic groups for 5 interventions. Conclusion Few studies provided evidence on the impact of private sector interventions on quality and/or utilization of care by the poor. It was, however, evident that many interventions have worked successfully in poor communities and positive equity impacts can be inferred from interventions that work with types of providers predominantly used by poor people. Better evidence of the equity impact of interventions working with the private sector is needed for more robust conclusions to be drawn. PMID:17988396

  4. Health Services Research as a Source of Legislative Analysis and Input: The Role of the California Health Benefits Review Program

    PubMed Central

    Oliver, Thomas R; Singer, Rachel Friedman

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the role of the California Health Benefits Review Program (CHBRP) as a source of information in state health policy making. It explains why the California benefits review process relies heavily on university-based researchers and employs a broad set of criteria for review, which set it apart from similar programs in other states. It then analyzes the politics of health insurance mandates and how independent research and analysis might alter the perceived benefits and costs of health insurance mandates and thus political outcomes. It considers how research and analysis is typically used by policy makers, and illustrates how participants inside and outside of state government have used the reports prepared by CHBRP as both guidance in policy design and as political ammunition. Although there is consensus that the review process has reduced the number of mandate bills that are passed out of the legislature, both supporters and opponents favor the new process and generally believe the reports strengthen their case in legislative debates over health insurance mandates. The role of the CHBRP is narrowly defined by statute at the present time, but the program may well face pressure to evolve from its current academic orientation into a more interactive, advisory role for legislators in the future. PMID:16704675

  5. 75 FR 2144 - Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Art-in-Architecture Program National Artist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-14

    ...Submission for OMB Review; Art-in- Architecture Program National Artist Registry AGENCY...collection requirement regarding Art-in Architecture Program National Artist Registry...comments were received. The Art-in-Architecture Program is the result of a policy...

  6. Narrative reviews

    PubMed Central

    Bae, Jong-Myon

    2014-01-01

    Although qualitative researches (QR) are invaluable in understanding complex healthcare situations, the quantitative systematic reviews could not treat them. To improve quality of healthcare services, results of QR should be considered in healthcare decision-making processes. Several methods and theories for synthesizing evidences of QR have been developed. In order to activate the narrative reviews and mixed methods reviews in Korean healthcare academies, I arranged the related nomenclatures and suggested some issues to conduct them. PMID:25223334

  7. Communications and media services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcculla, James W.; Kukowski, James F.

    1990-01-01

    NASA's internal and external communication methods are reviewed. NASA information services for the media, for the public, and for employees are discussed. Consideration is given to electron information distribution, the NASA TV-audio system, the NASA broadcast news service, astronaut appearances, technology and information exhibits, speaker services, and NASA news reports for internal communications. Also, the NASA worldwide electronic mail network is described and trends for future NASA communications and media services are outlined.

  8. Community-based antiretroviral therapy programs can overcome barriers to retention of patients and decongest health services in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Decroo, Tom; Rasschaert, Freya; Telfer, Barbara; Remartinez, Daniel; Laga, Marie; Ford, Nathan

    2013-09-01

    In sub-Saharan Africa models of care need to adapt to support continued scale up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and retain millions in care. Task shifting, coupled with community participation has the potential to address the workforce gap, decongest health services, improve ART coverage, and to sustain retention of patients on ART over the long-term. The evidence supporting different models of community participation for ART care, or community-based ART, in sub-Saharan Africa, was reviewed. In Uganda and Kenya community health workers or volunteers delivered ART at home. In Mozambique people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) self-formed community-based ART groups to deliver ART in the community. These examples of community ART programs made treatment more accessible and affordable. However, to achieve success some major challenges need to be overcome: first, community programs need to be driven, owned by and embedded in the communities. Second, an enabling and supportive environment is needed to ensure that task shifting to lay staff and PLWHA is effective and quality services are provided. Finally, a long term vision and commitment from national governments and international donors is required. Exploration of the cost, effectiveness, and sustainability of the different community-based ART models in different contexts will be needed. PMID:24030268

  9. Measuring service quality in sport services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Tsitskari; D. Tsiotras; G. Tsiotras

    2006-01-01

    Conceptualization and measurement of quality in the field of sport-related services are still in a formative stage, underlining a certain degree of uncertainty or disagreement regarding the set of criteria or the conceptual model that can adequately describe them. This paper presents a literature review on the evaluation of quality of sport-related services. The results of this investigation provide some

  10. Information Management Software Services IMS Services Overview

    E-print Network

    Information Management Software Services IMS Services Overview You know how powerful and important to improve the high availability, performance, and stability of your IMS environment Highlights IMS Security Heath Check Experienced IMS Specialists will come on-site to review your IMS security environment

  11. [Radioisotope thermoelectric generators and ancillary activities]. Monthly technical progress report, 1 April--28 April 1996

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    Tehnical progress achieved during this period on radioisotope thermoelectric generators is described under the following tasks: engineering support, safety analysis, qualified unicouple fabrication, ETG fabrication/assembly/test, RTG shipping/launch support, design/review/mission applications, and project management/quality assurance/reliability.

  12. Rare earth metal bis(alkyl) complexes bearing a monodentate arylamido ancillary ligand: Synthesis, structure, and Olefin polymerization catalysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yunjie Luo; Masayoshi Nishiura; Zhaomin Hou

    2007-01-01

    The reaction of Ln(CH2SiMe3)3(thf)2 with 1 equiv. of the amine ligand 2,6-iPr2C6H3NH(SiMe3) gave the corresponding amido-ligated rare earth metal bis(alkyl) complexes [2,6-iPr2C6H3N(SiMe3)]Ln(CH2SiMe3)2(thf) (Ln=Sc (1), Y (2), Ho (3), Lu (4)), which represent rare examples of bis(alkyl) rare earth metal complexes bearing a monodentate anionic ancillary ligand. In the case of Gd, a similar reaction gave the bimetallic complex Gd2(?-CH2SiMe2NC6H3iPr2-2,6)3(thf)3 (5)

  13. Testing IWC Retrieval Methods Using Radar and Ancillary Measurements with In Situ Data ANDREW J. HEYMSFIELD,* ALAIN PROTAT, RICHARD T. AUSTIN,# DOMINIQUE BOUNIOL,

    E-print Network

    Protat, Alain

    from spaceborne cloud satellite radar (CloudSat) data. Integrating these data with Cloud-Aerosol Lidar provided to the groups. Retrievals from future spaceborne radar using reflectivity­Doppler fall speeds showTesting IWC Retrieval Methods Using Radar and Ancillary Measurements with In Situ Data ANDREW J

  14. Prediction of spatial soil property information from ancillary sensor data using ordinary linear regression: Model derivations, residual assumptions and model validation tests

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Geospatial measurements of ancillary sensor data, such as bulk soil electrical conductivity or remotely sensed imagery data, are commonly used to characterize spatial variation in soil or crop properties. Geostatistical techniques like kriging with external drift or regression kriging are often use...

  15. Prediction of spatial soil property information from ancillary sensor data using ordinary linear regression: Model derivations, residual assumptions and model validation tests

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. C. Riverside

    article i nfo Geospatial measurements of ancillary sensor data, such as bulk soil electrical conductivity or remotely sensed imagery data, are commonly used to characterize spatial variation in soil or crop properties. Geostatistical techniques like kriging with external drift or regression kriging are often used to calibrate geospatial sensor data to specific soil or crop properties. More traditional statistical methods

  16. Effect of Ancillary Ligand on Electronic Structure as Probed by 51V Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy for Vanadium-o-Dioxolene Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Goncharova-Zapata, Olga; Chatterjee, Pabitra B.; Hou, Guangjin; Quinn, Laurence L.; Li, Mingyue; Yehl, Jenna

    2013-01-01

    A series of vanadium(V) complexes with o-dioxolene (catecholato) ligands and an ancillary ligand, (N-(salicylideneaminato)ethylenediamine) (hensal), were investigated using 51V solid-state magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy (51V MAS NMR) to assess the local environment of the vanadium(V). The solid-state 51V NMR parameters of vanadium(V) complexes with a related potentially tetradentate ancillary ligand (N-salicylidene-N?-(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine) (h2shed) were previously shown to be associated with the size of the HOMO-LUMO gap in the complex, and as such provide insights on the interaction between metal ion and ligand (P. B. Chatterjee, et al., Inorg. Chem 50 (2011) 9794). Our results show that the modification of the ancillary ligand does not impact the observed trend between complexes ranging from catechols with electron rich to electron poor substituents. However, the ancillary ligand does impact the size of the HOMO-LUMO separation in the parent complex and thus the solid-state vanadium NMR chemical shift of the unsubstituted vanadium complex. For these complexes significant changes observed in the isotropic shifts and more modest changes detected in the CQ reflect the electronic changes in the complex as the catechol is varied. However, no obvious trend was observed in the chemical shift anisotropies (?? and ??) with the variation in the catechol. The electronic changes in the coordination environment of the vanadium can be described using solid-state 51V NMR spectroscopy. PMID:24353476

  17. A new methodology to map irrigated areas using multi-temporal MODIS and ancillary data: An application example in the continental US

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mutlu Ozdogan; Garik Gutman

    2008-01-01

    We present a dryland irrigation mapping methodology that relies on remotely sensed inputs from the MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument, globally extensive ancillary sources of gridded climate and agricultural data and on an advanced image classification algorithm. The methodology involves four steps. First, we use climate-based indices of surface moisture status and a map of cultivated areas to generate

  18. University Services IT Services

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    ;2 Contents Introduction and high level description of service ___________________________ 3 Overview of key risks __________________________________________________ 18 #12;3 Introduction and high level, application development, integration, user services, support and training. In addition, the service manages

  19. The Nuts and Bolts of Product Service. The Product Service Industry. Resources in Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technology Teacher, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Reviews repair and maintenance services, qualifications for technicians, sociocultural impacts of customer service, and consumer and manufacturer responsibilities. Presents a technology learning activity on product failure. (SK)

  20. Periodic Review: the collective term given to four review processes

    E-print Network

    Greenaway, Alan

    Glossary · Periodic Review: the collective term given to four review processes: o Academic Review of high risk activity, 3-year cycle (School) o Thematic Review: an area related to learning, teaching and assessment selected for review and enhancement (University) o Professional Services Academic-Related Review

  1. Ancillary Care in South African HIV Vaccine Trials: Addressing Needs, Drafting Protocols, and Engaging Community

    PubMed Central

    Slack, Catherine M.

    2014-01-01

    There has been debate about sponsor-investigator ethical responsibilities to address participants’ medical needs in trials in resource-constrained contexts. Certain ethical guidelines make detailed recommendations. This study explored whether ethical guideline recommendations for care in HIV vaccine trials were being met, and whether stakeholders were facing difficulties addressed by guidelines. It sampled key stakeholders involved in two trials across five sites in South Africa, and reviewed relevant documentation. It concluded that sites were largely meeting guideline recommendations for addressing needs, with some exceeding these. Recommendations for writing protocols were only partially achieved. Recommendations for engaging participating community were mostly met, except for “moral negotiation” recommendations. Suggestions are made to strengthen practices, and to improve guidelines so they address empirical concerns. PMID:24572086

  2. Cysteine cathepsins and cystatins: from ancillary tasks to prominent status in lung diseases.

    PubMed

    Lalmanach, Gilles; Saidi, Ahlame; Marchand-Adam, Sylvain; Lecaille, Fabien; Kasabova, Mariana

    2015-02-01

    Human cysteine cathepsins (family C1, clan CA) have long been regarded as ubiquitous household enzymes, primarily involved in the recycling and degradation of proteins in lysosomes. This opinion has changed considerably during recent decades, however, with the demonstration of their involvement in various physiological processes. A growing body of evidence supports the theory that cathepsins play specific functions in lung homeostasis and pathophysiological events such as asthma, lung fibrosis (including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (embracing emphysema and chronic bronchitis), silicosis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia or tumor invasion. The objective of this review is to provide an update on the current knowledge of the role of these enzymes in the lung. Particular attention has been paid to the understanding of the role of these proteases and their natural inhibitors, cystatins (family I25, clan IH), in TGF-?1-driven fibrotic processes with an emphasis on lung fibrosis. PMID:25178906

  3. GFDL Laboratory Review, June 30 July 2, 2009 Service (1f) U.S.DOC/NOAA/OAR/GFDL 6/30/2009 7/2/2009 Page 1

    E-print Network

    John Austin: Contributing Author Thomas Delworth: Contributing Author Keith Dixon: Contributing Author; Reviewer Leo Donner: Reviewer Anand Gnanadesikan: Reviewer Richard Gudgel: Contributing Author Thomas Author Thomas Delworth: Contributing Author Keith Dixon: Contributing Author Stephen Griffies

  4. Optimizing fitness for duty and post-combat clinical services for military personnel and combat veterans with ADHD—a systematic review of the current literature

    PubMed Central

    Ivanov, Iliyan; Yehuda, Rachel

    2014-01-01

    Background Attention deficit hyper activity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder, most often diagnosed in childhood, and characterized by hyperactivity and inattention that negatively impacts one's ability to function and fulfill social and personal obligations. Individuals with past history of ADHD may enlist in the military under certain conditions, however the full impact of military training and deployment of later in life ADHD symptoms is unclear. It is of particular interest how military experience may affect ADHD in remission and if such individuals might be at elevated risk for relapse of ADHD symptoms. Method We performed a systematic review f the available literature including the Department of Defense (DOD) guidelines for both eligibility to enlist and fitness for deployment based on reported history and current symptomatology of ADHD. Results The after care for veterans with ADHD relapse is inconsistent and presents with number of challenges. We evaluate the DOD policies regarding the implications of ADHD for fitness for military service and post-combat mental health. Conclusion The full extend of the interaction between pre-existing ADHD and post-combat PTSD are not fully understood. The development of comprehensive and clear algorithms for diagnosing and treating ADHD in the military before and after deployment will have a strong positive impact on the quality of care delivered to soldiers and veterans. PMID:25206949

  5. The health care burden of high grade chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Korea: analysis of the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service data

    PubMed Central

    Kim, JinHee; Rhee, Chin Kook; Yoo, Kwang Ha; Kim, Young Sam; Lee, Sei Won; Park, Yong Bum; Lee, Jin Hwa; Oh, YeonMok; Lee, Sang Do; Kim, Yuri; Kim, KyungJoo; Yoon, HyoungKyu

    2013-01-01

    Background Patients with high grade chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) account for much of the COPD-related mortality and incur excessive financial burdens and medical care utilization. We aimed to determine the characteristics and medical care use of such patients using nationwide data from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in 2009. Materials and methods Patients with COPD were identified by searching with the International Classification of Diseases–10th Revision for those using medication. Patients with high grade COPD were selected based on their patterns of tertiary institute visits and medication use. Results The numbers of patients with high grade COPD increased rapidly in Korea during the study period, and they showed a high prevalence of comorbid disease. The total medical costs were over three times higher in patients with high grade COPD compared with those without it ($3,744 versus $1,183; P < 0.001). Medication costs comprised the largest portion of medical cost, but most impact came from hospitalization and exacerbation in both groups of patients. COPD grade and hospitalization in the previous year were the major factors affecting medical costs and days of utilizing health care resources. Conclusion Patients with high grade COPD impose a high economic burden on the health care system in Korea. Prevention of progression to high grade COPD is important, both clinically and economically. PMID:24277985

  6. Assessing Service-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinke, Pamela; Fitch, Peggy

    2007-01-01

    In an effort to increase the quality and quantity of service-learning assessment, this article provides a brief rationale for engaging in service-learning assessment and reviews a selection of available tools for doing so. The paper includes a matrix that lists cognitive outcomes, including critical thinking and problem solving, and the…

  7. Economic and social factors are some of the most common barriers preventing women from accessing maternal and newborn child health (MNCH) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services: a literature review.

    PubMed

    hIarlaithe, Micheal O; Grede, Nils; de Pee, Saskia; Bloem, Martin

    2014-10-01

    Support to health programming has increasingly placed an emphasis on health systems strengthening. Integration of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) and maternal and newborn child health (MNCH) services has been one of the areas where there has been a shift from a siloed to a more integrated approach. The scale-up of anti-retroviral therapy has made services increasingly available while also bringing them closer to those in need. However, addressing supply side issues around the availability and quality of care at the health centre level alone cannot guarantee better results without a more explicit focus on access issues. Access to PMTCT care and treatment services is affected by a number of barriers which influence decisions of women to seek care. This paper reviews published qualitative and quantitative studies that look at demand side barriers to PMTCT services and proposes a categorisation of these barriers. It notes that access to PMTCT services as well as eventual uptake and retention in PMTCT care starts with access to MNCH in general. While poverty often prevents women, regardless of HIV status, from accessing MNCH services, women living with HIV who are in need of PMTCT services face an additional set of PMTCT barriers. This review proposes four categories of barriers to accessing PMTCT: social norms and knowledge, socioeconomic status, physiological status and psychological conditions. Social norms and knowledge and socioeconomic status stand out. Transport is the most frequently mentioned socioeconomic barrier. With regard to social norms and knowledge, non-disclosure, stigma and partner relations are the most commonly cited barriers. Some studies also cite physiological barriers. Barriers related to social norms and knowledge, socioeconomic status and physiology can all be affected by the mental and psychological state of the individual to create a psychological barrier to access. Increased coverage and uptake of PMTCT services can be achieved if policy makers and programme managers better understand the barriers that may prevent their potential target population from taking up and adhering to their services. The categorisation presented in this review provides further insight into the type of barriers that may exist . PMID:24691921

  8. The Millennium Cohort Family Study: a prospective evaluation of the health and well-being of military service members and their families.

    PubMed

    Crum-Cianflone, Nancy F; Fairbank, John A; Marmar, Charlie R; Schlenger, William

    2014-09-01

    The need to understand the impact of war on military families has never been greater than during the past decade, with more than three million military spouses and children affected by deployments to Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. Understanding the impact of the recent conflicts on families is a national priority, however, most studies have examined spouses and children individually, rather than concurrently as families. The Department of Defense (DoD) has recently initiated the largest study of military families in US military history (the Millennium Cohort Family Study), which includes dyads of military service members and their spouses (n?>?10,000). This study includes US military families across the globe with planned follow-up for 21+ years to evaluate the impact of military experiences on families, including both during and after military service time. This review provides a comprehensive description of this landmark study including details on the research objectives, methodology, survey instrument, ancillary data sets, and analytic plans. The Millennium Cohort Family Study offers a unique opportunity to define the challenges that military families experience, and to advance the understanding of protective and vulnerability factors for designing training and treatment programs that will benefit military families today and into the future. PMID:24912670

  9. 76 FR 40874 - Information Collection; Equal Opportunity Compliance Review Record

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ...Service Information Collection; Equal Opportunity Compliance Review Record AGENCY...new information collection, Equal Opportunity Compliance Review Record. DATES...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Equal Opportunity Compliance Review Record....

  10. Field demonstration of the conventional steam drive process with ancillary materials. Second annual report, October 1, 1980-October 31, 1981

    SciTech Connect

    Bowman, R.

    1982-07-01

    This report summarizes the work performed during the second year of a research and development project to demonstrate that a particular ancillary material, surfactant based foam, can improve the efficiency of steam drive. The project consists of basic laboratory testing supplemented by five small field tests. The initial laboratory work involved screening foam chemicals for thermal stability and testing methods of placing them deep into a porous media. Tests were also conducted in a sixteen-foot sandpack to verify the emplacement techniques and the capacity of the chemical system to control the mobility of injected steam. The work with these systems has been reported in the first annual report and in SPE/DOE Paper 9777 presented at Tulsa, April 1981. The field test locations were chosen to address two major technical problems encountered in steam drive operations; namely, the excessive channeling of steam through thief zones, and the progressive increase in steam flow through oil-depleted, already swept zones. At this time, two mini-tests have been completed; one with Santa Fe Energy in the Midway-Sunset Field and one with Conoco in the Cat Canyon Field. Two tests with Texaco in the San Ardo Field and a verification test with Santa Fe Energy in the Midway-Sunset Field are still underway.

  11. Mapping vegetation of a wetland ecosystem by fuzzy classification of optical and microwave satellite images supported by various ancillary data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stankiewicz, Krystyna; Dabrowska-Zielinska, Katarzyna; Gruszczynska, Maryla; Hoscilo, Agata

    2003-03-01

    An approach to classification of satellite images aimed at vegetation mapping in a wetland ecosystem has been presented. The wetlands of the Biebrza Valley located in the NE part of Poland has been chosen as a site of interest. The difficulty of using satellite images for the classification of a wetland land cover lies in the strong variability of the hydration state of such ecosystem in time. Satellite images acquired by optical or microwave sensors depend heavily on the current water level which often masks the most interesting long-time scale features of vegetation. Therefore the images have to be interpreted in the context of various ancillary data related to the investigated site. In the case of Biebrza Valley the most useful information was obtained from the soil and hydration maps as well as from the old vegetation maps. The object oriented classification approach applied in eCognition software enabled simultaneous use of satellite images together with the additional thematic data. Some supplementary knowledge concerning possible plant cover changes was also introduced into the process of classification. The accuracy of the classification was assessed versus ground-truth data and results of visual interpretation of aerial photos. The achieved accuracy depends on the type of vegetation community in question and is better for forest or shrubs than for meadows.

  12. Pendant Ancillary Ligand Switches Off Auto-Oxidation of Group 13 Metal Alkyl Compounds Bearing Non-Bulky Alkyl Groups

    PubMed Central

    Kobrsi, Issam

    2014-01-01

    The reaction of 3,5-di-2-pyridyl-1,2,4-triazole with excess Al(CH3)3 and Ga(CH3)3 afforded (3,5-di-2-pyridyl-1,2,4-triazolate)Al(CH3)2•3Al(CH3)3 (1) and (3,5-di-2-pyridyl-1,2,4-triazolate) Ga(CH3)2•3Ga(CH3)3 (2) respectively. 1 and 2 reacted with oxygen gas to produce (CH3)2M(µ-3,5-di-2-pyridyl-1,2,4-triazolate)(µ-OCH3)M(CH3)2 (M?=?Al, 3; M?=?Ga, 4). 3 and 4 contain the non-bulky dimethylalumino moiety, yet they are indefinitely stable in the presence of oxygen gas. This increased stability towards oxygen is due to ancillary 2-pyridyl groups bonding to the metal centers producing a pseudo-trigonal pyramidal Al and Ga environments. This environment blocks oxygen from further inserting into the M–C bond. The Al–N(pyridine) and Ga–N(pyridine) bonds reported herein are extremely elongated yet inactive towards dissociation due to the chelate effect. PMID:24945752

  13. Cost-effectiveness of mental health services for persons with a dual diagnosis: a literature review and the CCMHCP. The Cost-Effectiveness of Community Mental Health Care for Single and Dually Diagnosed Project.

    PubMed

    Johnson, J

    2000-03-01

    People suffering from comorbid mental illness and substance abuse disorders (the dually diagnosed) are thought to constitute large portions of clients treated as outpatients by public-sector community-based mental health providers. These providers dispense units of ambulatory mental health services and treatments incrementally to maintain clients in the community and out of psychiatric hospitals. Community maintenance is one step, albeit critical, toward quitting drugs and eventual abstinence. Thus, there is a need for information that compares the effectiveness and cost of such services on dually diagnosed clients to identify appropriate low-cost high-yield treatment and service options and packages. This article provides a review of the literature on the effectiveness of ambulatory mental health services and recent emergent reports of cost-effectiveness of programs for the dually diagnosed, paying special attention to the gray areas and gaps. This article also describes a new project; an inexpensive add-on to an existing community mental health center. The project will be examining over 4 years of data to compare influence and cost of different ambulatory mental health services and treatments delivered to a matched pair group of clients with dual disorders and those with only mental illness. The intention of this project is not only to address gray areas and gaps in the literature, but also to inform a more rational deployment of mental health services. PMID:10716095

  14. Book Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pecora, Peter J.; Cline, Stephanie

    1994-01-01

    Reviews two books: (1) "Advancing Family Preservation Practice" (E. Susan Morton and R. Kevin Brigsby, editors) which summarizes Intensive Family Preservation Services in the United States over the past decade; and (2) "Marketing Strategies for Nonprofit Organizations" (Siri Espy) which discusses marketing and its application for nonprofit…

  15. Retrenchment Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bieschke, Suzanne M.

    This review of retrenchment in higher education covers background information, basic concerns, suggestions for making cuts, and lessons learned from experience. Contents concern financial pressures, enrollments, faculty relations during retrenchment, services and programs during retrenchment, administration during retrenchment, and case histories…

  16. The Effectiveness of Mobile-Health Technologies to Improve Health Care Service Delivery Processes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Free, Caroline; Phillips, Gemma; Watson, Louise; Galli, Leandro; Felix, Lambert; Edwards, Phil; Patel, Vikram; Haines, Andy

    2013-01-01

    Background Mobile health interventions could have beneficial effects on health care delivery processes. We aimed to conduct a systematic review of controlled trials of mobile technology interventions to improve health care delivery processes. Methods and Findings We searched for all controlled trials of mobile technology based health interventions using MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Global Health, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, UK NHS HTA (Jan 1990–Sept 2010). Two authors independently extracted data on allocation concealment, allocation sequence, blinding, completeness of follow-up, and measures of effect. We calculated effect estimates and we used random effects meta-analysis to give pooled estimates. We identified 42 trials. None of the trials had low risk of bias. Seven trials of health care provider support reported 25 outcomes regarding appropriate disease management, of which 11 showed statistically significant benefits. One trial reported a statistically significant improvement in nurse/surgeon communication using mobile phones. Two trials reported statistically significant reductions in correct diagnoses using mobile technology photos compared to gold standard. The pooled effect on appointment attendance using text message (short message service or SMS) reminders versus no reminder was increased, with a relative risk (RR) of 1.06 (95% CI 1.05–1.07, I2?=?6%). The pooled effects on the number of cancelled appointments was not significantly increased RR 1.08 (95% CI 0.89–1.30). There was no difference in attendance using SMS reminders versus other reminders (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.94–1.02, respectively). To address the limitation of the older search, we also reviewed more recent literature. Conclusions The results for health care provider support interventions on diagnosis and management outcomes are generally consistent with modest benefits. Trials using mobile technology-based photos reported reductions in correct diagnoses when compared to the gold standard. SMS appointment reminders have modest benefits and may be appropriate for implementation. High quality trials measuring clinical outcomes are needed. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:23458994

  17. Effect of rapid HIV testing on HIV incidence and services in populations at high risk for HIV exposure: an equity-focused systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Pottie, Kevin; Medu, Olanrewaju; Welch, Vivian; Dahal, Govinda P; Tyndall, Mark; Rader, Tamara; Wells, George

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the effects of rapid voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV on HIV incidence and uptake of HIV/AIDS services in people at high risk for HIV exposure. Design Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources We searched PubMed, EMBASE, AIDSearch, LILACS, Global Health, Medline Africa, PsychInfo, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group Specialized Register and grey literature from 1 January 2001 to 5 June 2014 without language restriction. Data selection We included controlled studies that compared rapid VCT with conventional testing among people at risk for HIV exposure. Data extraction Two reviewers extracted data. We used Cochrane risk of bias tool and GRADE criteria: risk of bias, inconsistency, indirectness, imprecision and publication bias. For observational studies we used the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. We used the PRISMA-Equity reporting guideline. Results From 2441 articles, we included 8 randomised controlled trials and 5 observational studies. Rapid VCT was associated with a threefold increase in HIV-testing uptake (relative risk (RR)=2.95 95% CI 1.69 to 5.16) and a twofold increase in the receipt of test results (RR=2.14, 95% CI 1.08 to 4.24). Women accepted testing more often than men in rapid VCT arm, but no differences in effect for age or socioeconomic status. Observational studies also showed rapid VCT led to higher rates of uptake of testing. Heterogeneity was high. A cluster-randomised trial reported an 11% reduction in HIV incidence in intervention communities (RR=0.89, 95% CI=0.63 to 1.24) over 3?years trial. Conclusions Rapid VCT in health facilities and communities was associated with a large increase in HIV-testing uptake and receipt of results. This has implications for WHO guidelines. The routine use of rapid VCT may also help avoid human rights violations among marginalised populations where testing may occur without informed consent and where existing stigma may create barriers to testing. PMID:25510889

  18. 76 FR 13420 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-11

    ...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services...the Health Resources and Services...Reviewer Recruitment Form (OMB...independent review process is efficient...collection, selection, and assignment...Reviewer Recruitment Form to...

  19. CLOUD SERVICES CODE OF PRACTICE

    E-print Network

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    of this document, cloud storage can be defined as any storage solution which stores University information assetsCLOUD SERVICES RHUL CODE OF PRACTICE Document Id Cloud Services RHUL Code of Practice Sponsor Laura draft for review Document Approval Name Approval Signature Approval Date ITUAG #12;Cloud Services ­ RHUL

  20. 47 CFR 76.10 - Review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Section 76.10 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE General § 76.10 Review. (a) Interlocutory review. (1) Except as...