Note: This page contains sample records for the topic ancillary services review from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Ancillary Services Review Guide, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide is designed to assist those individuals/organizations who are interested in ancillary services review (ASR) programs. The background and overview of ASR is presented. A step-by-step methodology for the development and implementation of an ASR p...

S. M. McCue

1981-01-01

2

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of InternationalExperience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we examine the arrangements for andexperiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in fiveelectricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordicmarket, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objectivein undertaking this review of international experience was to identifyspecific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads toeffectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hopethat this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S.and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments areneeded to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in allwholesale electricity markets.

Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

2007-05-01

3

Demand Response for Ancillary Services  

SciTech Connect

Many demand response resources are technically capable of providing ancillary services. In some cases, they can provide superior response to generators, as the curtailment of load is typically much faster than ramping thermal and hydropower plants. Analysis and quantification of demand response resources providing ancillary services is necessary to understand the resources economic value and impact on the power system. Methodologies used to study grid integration of variable generation can be adapted to the study of demand response. In the present work, we describe and illustrate a methodology to construct detailed temporal and spatial representations of the demand response resource and to examine how to incorporate those resources into power system models. In addition, the paper outlines ways to evaluate barriers to implementation. We demonstrate how the combination of these three analyses can be used to translate the technical potential for demand response providing ancillary services into a realizable potential.

Alkadi, Nasr E [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL

2013-01-01

4

Ancillary Services Provided from DER  

SciTech Connect

Distributed energy resources (DER) are quickly making their way to industry primarily as backup generation. They are effective at starting and then producing full-load power within a few seconds. The distribution system is aging and transmission system development has not kept up with the growth in load and generation. The nation's transmission system is stressed with heavy power flows over long distances, and many areas are experiencing problems in providing the power quality needed to satisfy customers. Thus, a new market for DER is beginning to emerge. DER can alleviate the burden on the distribution system by providing ancillary services while providing a cost adjustment for the DER owner. This report describes 10 types of ancillary services that distributed generation (DG) can provide to the distribution system. Of these 10 services the feasibility, control strategy, effectiveness, and cost benefits are all analyzed as in the context of a future utility-power market. In this market, services will be provided at a local level that will benefit the customer, the distribution utility, and the transmission company.

Campbell, J.B.

2005-12-21

5

Ancillary services-reactive and voltage control  

Microsoft Academic Search

To maintain security and adequacy in a bulk power system, FERC's Order No. 888 in 1996 specified six services called ancillary services that the electrical transmission providers must provide. These six services constitute system control, reactive supply and voltage control, regulation, operating spinning reserve, operating supplemental reserve and the energy imbalance. Besides these six services, there are additional six services

Narinder K. Trehan

2001-01-01

6

A Survey of Frequency and Voltage Control Ancillary Services—Part I: Technical Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

This two-part paper surveys the frequency and voltage control ancillary services in power systems from various parts of the world. In this first part, the nomenclature used to describe active power reserves across 11 systems is first reviewed in order to facilitate the comparison of frequency control ancillary services. The essential technical features of frequency and voltage control ancillary services

Yann G. Rebours; Daniel S. Kirschen; Marc Trotignon; Sébastien Rossignol

2007-01-01

7

Ancillary-service details: Dynamic scheduling  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic scheduling (DS) is the electronic transfer from one control area to another of the time-varying electricity consumption associated with a load or the time-varying electricity production associated with a generator. Although electric utilities have been using this technique for at least two decades, its use is growing in popularity and importance. This growth is a consequence of the major changes under way in US bulk-power markets, in particular efforts to unbundle generation from transmission and to increase competition among generation providers. DS can promote competition and increase choices. It allows consumers to purchase certain services from entities outside their physical-host area and it allows generators to sell certain services to entities other than their physical host. These services include regulation (following minute-to-minute variations in load) and operating reserves, among others. Such an increase in the number of possible suppliers and customers should encourage innovation and reduce the costs and prices of providing electricity services. The purpose of the project reported here was to collect and analyze data on utility experiences with DS. Chapter 2 provides additional details and examples of the definitions of DS. Chapter 3 explains why DS might be an attractive service that customers and generators, as well as transmission providers, might wan to use. Chapter 4 presents some of the many current DS examples the authors uncovered in their interviews. Chapter 5 discusses the costs and cost-effectiveness of DS. Chapter 6 explains what they believe can and cannot be electronically moved from one control area to another, primarily in terms of the six ancillary services that FERC defined in Order 888. Chapter 7 discusses the need for additional research on DS.

Hirst, E.; Kirby, B.

1997-01-01

8

Power quality monitoring for electric substation ancillary services supplying  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power quality is the study of the sources, effects and control of disturbances which propagate via the electric power supply. The disturbances change the supply RMS voltage or its waveform (or very occasionally the frequency) and may originate from various sources. Within the paper, the authors are focusing on power quality monitoring. The presented approach refers to substation ancillary services

N. Chiosa; S. Kilyeni; C. Barbulescu; D. Jigoria-Oprea

2010-01-01

9

Nonactive-Power-Related Ancillary Services provided by Distribute Energy Resources  

SciTech Connect

The nonactive-power-related ancillary services provided by distributed energy (DE) resources are categorized by voltage regulation, reactive power compensation, power factor correction, voltage and/or current unbalance compensation, and harmonics compensation. An instantaneous nonactive power theory is adopted to control the DE system to provide these ancillary services. Three control schemes, including nonactive current compensation, power factor correction, and voltage regulation, are developed which can perform one or more of the ancillary services. The control schemes are implemented in a DE system in simulation and experiments. The simulation and the experimental results show that DE is feasible for providing nonactive-power-related ancillary services.

Xu, Yan [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL

2006-01-01

10

Effective Ancillary Services Market Designs on High Wind Power Penetration Systems: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power. Ancillary services markets have been developed in many of the restructured power system regions throughout the world. Ancillary services include the services that support the provision of energy to support power system reliability. The ancillary services markets are tied tightly to the design of the energy market and to the physics of the system and therefore careful consideration of power system economics and engineering must be considered in their design. This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power.

Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Navid, N.; Smith, J. C.

2011-12-01

11

Cohort Profile: Longitudinal Investigations into Supportive and Ancillary health services.  

PubMed

The Longitudinal Investigations into Supportive and Ancillary health services (LISA) study is a cohort of people living with HIV/AIDS who have ever accessed anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in British Columbia, Canada. The LISA study was developed to better understand the outcomes of people living with HIV with respect to supportive services use, socio-demographic factors and quality of life. Between July 2007 and January 2010, 1000 participants completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire that included questions concerning medical history, substance use, social and medical support services, food and housing security and other social determinants of health characteristics. Of the 1000 participants, 917 were successfully linked to longitudinal clinical data through the provincial Drug Treatment Program. Within the LISA cohort, 27% of the participants are female, the median age is 39 years and 32% identify as Aboriginal. Knowledge translation activities for LISA include the creation of plain language summaries, internet resources and arts-based engagement activities such as Photovoice. PMID:22461127

Duncan, Katrina C; Salters, Kate; Forrest, Jamie I; Palmer, Alexis K; Wang, Hong; O'Brien, Nadia; Parashar, Surita; Cescon, Angela M; Samji, Hasina; Montaner, Julio Sg; Hogg, Robert S

2012-03-29

12

Implementation of regulation as an ancillary service in Eskom and the use of Eskom internal web for this service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the implementation of regulation as a competitive ancillary service in Eskom. Eskom is presently forming a grid operator business, which is responsible for buying ancillary services and providing a reliable transmission network. The process of defining system performance criteria is described. The total costing of the regulation service to a single coal-fired generator was done using EPRI

G. A. Chown; M. G. Coetzee

1999-01-01

13

Implementation of regulation as an ancillary service in Eskom and the use of Eskom Internal Web for this service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the implementation of regulation as a competitive ancillary service in Eskom. Eskom is presently forming a grid operator business, which is responsible for buying ancillary services and providing a reliable transmission network. The process of defining system performance criteria is described. The total costing of the regulation service to a single coal fired generator was done using

Graeme A. Chown; Marita G. Coetzee

2000-01-01

14

Optimal Dispatch of Ancillary Services Via Self-Organizing Migration Algorithm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern electric power systems are large-scale systems with a complex structure comprised of interconnected networks. The balance between the generation and consumption of electricity has to be maintained at any moment. Transmission System Operator (TSO) uses ancillary services for keeping the domestic power balance. Selection of the services can be viewed as an optimization problem. In this contribution the optimization problem is solved via the Self-Organizing Migration Algorithm which belongs to the class of evolutionary algorithms. The comparison with historical activations of ancillary services showed the improved performance in terms of reduced cost for ancillary services.

Novák, Jakub; Chalupa, Petr; Bobál, Vladimír

2011-11-01

15

Audit of subsidized ancillary services at the Nevada Test site  

SciTech Connect

The Department and its contractors have participated in at least six reviews since 1991 encompassing aspects of subsidies at the test site. Several of these reviews resulted in reports recommending reductions to the housing, food, and bus services. A strategic planning report completed in November 1994, for example, recommended closing certain food service facilities, increasing housing rates to fair market value, and studying a bus depot system. Other reports echoed the same themes. The Department should be credited for recognizing that actions should be taken to reduce subsidy costs. Moreover, the Acting Manager, Nevada Operations office, has been proactive in reducing the busing subsidy by decreasing the number of buses and bus routes. The Acting Manager has also been fully supportive of the effort to further reduce subsidies. We appreciate these efforts.

NONE

1995-09-08

16

Consumer opinions with ancillary hospital services: improving service delivery in Turkish hospitals.  

PubMed

This article reports the results of 2,045 consumer interviews conducted after discharge from seven major public and private hospitals in the country of Turkey. The direct measurement of consumer-satisfaction and utilization of this information to improve service delivery is a relatively new phenomena for this country. Based on postdischarge consumer interviews information on satisfaction of several ancillary hospital service variables was identified and inclusion for achieving overall consumer satisfaction is emphasized. Two critical areas were examined: ancillary staff and consumer relations and overall impressions of the comfort of the facility. Relationships and percentages within and among these variables are reported. Overall, the majority of the complaints noted by consumers were not related to direct treatment rather they focused on interactions with the hospital's staff and other services provided by the facility (e.g., comfort, cleanliness, parking, etc.). When comparing the different hospitals across these variables significant differences were noted at the .05 level between the seven different hospitals examined. Findings and recommendations from this study are presented to assist in providing a basis for the development of improved consumer satisfaction. PMID:10587917

Tengilimoglu, D; Kisa, A; Dziegielewski, S F

1999-10-01

17

Energy and ancillary service dispatch for the interim ISO New England electricity market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) order no. 888 has mandated the establishment of unbundled electricity markets in the newly deregulated environment, competitive bidding of ancillary services, along with bidding of energy, becomes increasingly important. In this paper, an optimization-based framework for solving a multi-commodity electricity market dispatch problem is presented. In compliance with New England Power Pool (NEPOOL)

Kwok W. Cheung; Payman Shamsollahi; David Sun; James Milligan; Mike Potishnak

2000-01-01

18

PROFILE OF ANCILLARY SERVICES PROVIDED BY BUSINESS TEACHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STUDY WAS MADE TO IDENTIFY THE CURRENT THINKING AND PRACTICES OF BUSINESS EDUCATION LEADERS IN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN REGARD TO ANCILLARY SERVICES. QUESTIONNAIRES WERE SENT TO 293 COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND RETURNS WERE RECEIVED FROM 175 REPRESENTING 46 STATES, THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, AND PUERTO RICO. A SUBSTANTIAL PERCENTAGE OF THE…

FRANK, SHELDON; AND OTHERS

19

Ancillary services — The current situation in the iberian electricity market and future possible developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses and discusses the current situation in Portugal and in Spain regarding the procurement and the supply of the ancillary services considered in the Codes for the Operation of these two power systems. This is relevant because Portugal and Spain share a common day ahead and bilateral contract electricity market since 2007. However, several technical activities as the

Joao Tome Saraiva; Helder Heitor; Nuno Correia; Rui Araujo

2011-01-01

20

Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) is conducting a pilot program to investigate the technical feasibility of bidding certain demand response (DR) resources into the California Independent System Operator's (CAISO) day-ahead market for ancillary services nonspinning reserve. Three facilities, a retail store, a local government office building, and a bakery, are recruited into the pilot program. For each facility,

Sila Kiliccote; Mary Ann Piette; Girish Ghatikar; Ed Koch; Dan Hennage; John Hernandez; Albert Chiu; Osman Sezgen; John Goodin

2009-01-01

21

Improvement of part load efficiency of a combined cycle power plant provisioning ancillary services  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the type of ancillary service provisioned, operation mode of a power plant may change to part load operation. In this contribution, part load operation is understood as delivering a lower power output than possible at given ambient temperature because of gas turbine power output control. If it is economically justified, a power plant may operate in the part

Miroslav Variny; Otto Mierka

2009-01-01

22

The future impact of wind on BPA power system ancillary services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind power is growing in a very fast pace as an alternative generating resource. As the ratio of wind power over total system capacity increases, the impact of wind on various system aspects becomes significant. This paper presents a methodology to study the future impact of wind on BPA power system ancillary services including load following and regulation. Existing approaches

Yuri V. Makarov; Shuai Lu; Bart McManus; John Pease

2008-01-01

23

Alternative Approaches for Incentivizing the Frequency Responsive Reserve Ancillary Service  

SciTech Connect

Frequency responsive reserve is the autonomous response of generators and demand response to deviations of system frequency, usually as a result of the instantaneous outage of a large supplier. Frequency responsive reserve arrests the frequency decline resulting in the stabilization of system frequency, and avoids the triggering of under-frequency load-shedding or the reaching of unstable frequencies that could ultimately lead to system blackouts. It is a crucial service required to maintain a reliable and secure power system. Regions with restructured electricity markets have historically had a lack of incentives for frequency responsive reserve because generators inherently provided the response and on large interconnected systems, more than sufficient response has been available. This may not be the case in future systems due to new technologies and declining response. This paper discusses the issues that can occur without proper incentives and even disincentives, and proposes alternatives to introduce incentives for resources to provide frequency responsive reserve to ensure an efficient and reliable power system.

Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Tuohy, A.; Brooks, D.

2012-03-01

24

Electric substation ancillary services power consumption analysis. Case study: Timisoara 400\\/220\\/110 kV substation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the paper, the authors deal with electric substation ancillary services power consumption analysis. They are focusing on load curve numerical processing. A real case study is discussed, Timisoara 400\\/220\\/110 kV substation, the consumers being supplied from the autotransformer tertiary winding. The parameters specific to ancillary services load curves are computed using a software tool developed in Matlab, based on

C. Barbulescu; S. Kilyeni; D. Jigoria-Oprea; N. Chiosa

2010-01-01

25

Computer-specific metrics for the regulation and load following ancillary services  

SciTech Connect

In competitive electricity markets, the costs for each ancillary service should be charged to those who cause the costs to be incurred with charges based on the factors that contribute to these costs. For example, the amount of generating capacity assigned to the regulation service is a function of the short-term volatility of system load. Therefore, the charges for regulation should be related to the volatility of each load, not to its average demand. This report discusses the economic efficiency and equity benefits of assessing charges on the basis of customer-specific costs (rather than the traditional billing determinants, MWh or MW), focusing on two key real-power ancillary services, regulation and load following. The authors determine the extent to which individual customers and groups of customers contribute to the system's generation requirements for these two services. In particular, they analyze load data to determine whether some customers account for shares of these two services that differ substantially from their shares of total electricity consumption.

Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

2000-01-01

26

Why the ancillary services markets in California don't work and what to do about it  

SciTech Connect

many states and regional power pools are in the process of introducing or broadening the scope of competitive electricity markets. Various market designs have been proposed, but most of these have focused on launching competition into the energy market. The energy market is perceived to be the big-ticket item in this process, since most of the dollars are to be made in this market and this is the area where whole-sale competition already exists. Ancillary services, however, must not be ignored in this process. Each newly competitive market needs to put in place a way to deal with ancillary services in the new world. This article sets out to examine the physical and financial realities of the electric system which need to be taken into account when designing markets for ancillary services. It looks at the market structure in California, the evidence to date there, and proposes ways to improve the market design.

Brien, L. (National Economic Research Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1999-06-01

27

Cost-Causation-Based Tariffs for Wind Ancillary Service Impacts: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Conference paper discussing the integration cost of wind. Although specific tariffs for wind generation for ancillary services are uncommon, we anticipate that balancing authorities (control areas) and other entities will move toward such tariffs. Tariffs for regulation and imbalance services should be cost-based, recognize the relevant time scales that correspond with utility operational cycles, and properly allocate those costs to those entities that cause the balancing authority to incur the costs. In this paper, we present methods for separating wind's impact into regulation and load following (imbalance) time scales. We show that approximating these impacts with simpler methods can significantly distort cost causation and even cause confusion between the relevant time scales. We present results from NREL's wind data collection program to illustrate the dangers of linearly scaling wind resource data from small wind plants to approximate the wind resource data from large wind plants. Finally, we provide a framework for developing regulation and imbalance tariffs, we outline methods to begin examining contingency reserve requirements for wind plants, we provide guidance on the important characteristics to consider, and we provide hypothetical cases that the tariff can be tested against to determine whether the results are desired.

Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.; Wan, Y.

2006-06-01

28

The Future Impact of Wind on BPA Power System Ancillary Services  

SciTech Connect

Wind power is growing in a very fast pace as an alternative generating resource. As the ratio of wind power over total system capacity increases, the impact of wind on various system aspects becomes significant. This paper presents a methodology to study the future impact of wind on BPA power system ancillary services including load following and regulation. Existing approaches for similar analysis include dispatch model simulation and standard deviation evaluation. The methodology proposed in this paper uses historical data and stochastic processes to simulate the load balancing processes in BPA power system. Then capacity, ramp rate and ramp duration characteristics are extracted from the simulation results, and load following and regulation requirements are calculated accordingly. It mimics the actual power system operations therefore the results can be more realistic yet the approach is convenient to perform. Further, the ramp rate and ramp duration data obtained from the analysis can be used to evaluate generator response or maneuverability and energy requirement, respectively, additional to the capacity requirement.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Lu, Shuai; McManus, Bart; Pease, John

2008-06-30

29

Secure provision of reactive power ancillary services in competitive electricity markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research work presented in this thesis discusses various complex issues associated with reactive power management and pricing in the context of new operating paradigms in deregulated power systems, proposing appropriate policy solutions. An integrated two-level framework for reactive power management is set forth, which is both suitable for a competitive market and ensures a secure and reliable operation of the associated power system. The framework is generic in nature and can be adopted for any electricity market structure. The proposed hierarchical reactive power market structure comprises two stages: procurement of reactive power resources on a seasonal basis, and real-time reactive power dispatch. The main objective of the proposed framework is to provide appropriate reactive power support from service providers at least cost, while ensuring a secure operation of the power system. The proposed procurement procedure is based on a two-step optimization model. First, the marginal benefits of reactive power supply from each provider, with respect to system security, are obtained by solving a loadability-maximization problem subject to transmission security constraints imposed by voltage and thermal limits. Second, the selected set of generators is determined by solving an optimal power flow (OPF)-based auction. This auction maximizes a societal advantage function comprising generators' offers and their corresponding marginal benefits with respect to system security, and considering all transmission system constraints. The proposed procedure yields the selected set of generators and zonal price components, which would form the basis for seasonal contracts between the system operator and the selected reactive power service providers. The main objective of the proposed reactive power dispatch model is to minimize the total payment burden on the Independent System Operator (ISO), which is associated with reactive power dispatch. The real power generation is decoupled and assumed to be fixed during the reactive power dispatch procedures; however, the effect of reactive power on real power is considered in the model by calculating the required reduction in real power output of a generator due to an increase in its reactive power supply. In this case, real power generation is allowed to be rescheduled, within given limits, from the already dispatched levels obtained from the energy market clearing process. The proposed dispatch model achieves the main objective of an ISO in a competitive electricity market, which is to provide the required reactive power support from generators at least cost while ensuring a secure operation of the power system. The proposed reactive power procurement and dispatch models capture both the technical and economic aspects of power system operation in competitive electricity markets; however, from an optimization point of view, these models represent non-convex mixed integer non-linear programming (MINLP) problems due to the presence of binary variables associated with the different regions of reactive power operation in a synchronous generator. Such MINLP optimization problems are difficult to solve, especially for an actual power system. A novel Generator Reactive Power Classification (GRPC) algorithm is proposed in this thesis to address this issue, with the advantage of iteratively solving the optimization models as a series of non-linear programming (NLP) sub-problems. The proposed reactive power procurement and dispatch models are implemented and tested on the CIGRE 32-bus system, with several case studies that represent different practical operating scenarios. The developed models are also compared with other approaches for reactive power provision, and the results demonstrate the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed model. The results clearly reveal the main features of the proposed models for optimal provision of reactive power ancillary service, in order to suit the requirements of an ISO under today's stressed system conditions in a competitive market environment.

El-Samahy, Ismael

30

The effect of communication architecture on the availability, reliability, and economics of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle-to-grid ancillary services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have proposed that fleets of plug-in hybrid vehicles could be used to perform ancillary services for the electric grid. In many of these studies, the vehicles are able to accrue revenue for performing these grid stabilization services, which would offset the increased purchase cost of plug-in hybrid vehicles. To date, all such studies have assumed a vehicle command architecture

Casey Quinn; Daniel Zimmerle; Thomas H. Bradley

2010-01-01

31

The business of medicine: how to overcome financial obstacles and secure financing for your private practice and ancillary services business.  

PubMed

Doctors across the country who operate private medical practices are facing increasing financial obstacles, namely shrinking income as a result of rising costs and lower reimbursements. In addition, as hospitals have become overburdened many physicians have opened up private surgical centers; magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography and positron emission tomography scanning facilities; pathology labs; colonoscopy/endoscopy suites; lithotripsy centers; and other medical businesses typically performed within the hospital. Moreover, many doctors seek loans to purchase existing practices or for their capital contribution in medical partnerships. The past decade has thus seen a significant increase in the number of doctors taking out small business loans. Indeed, banks view the healthcare industry as a large growth market. This article includes practical information, advice, and resources to help doctors to secure bank financing for their practices, ancillary services business, real estate, and equipment on the best possible market terms. PMID:22920034

Nayor, David

32

Ancillary investigations in uveitis  

PubMed Central

Ancillary investigations are the backbone of uveitis work-up both for anterior and posterior segment diseases. They help in making the diagnosis, ruling out certain differential diagnosis and monitoring inflammation during the follow-up. This review aims to be an overview describing the role of commonly used investigations for uveitis.

Gupta, Vishali; Gupta, Amod

2013-01-01

33

Using Dimmable Lighting for Regulation Capacity and Non-Spinning Reserves in the Ancillary Services Market. A Feasibility Study.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this Feasibility Study was to identify the potential of dimmable lighting for providing regulation capacity and contingency reserves if massively-deployed throughout the State. We found that one half of the total electric lighting load in the California commercial sector is bottled up in larger buildings that are greater an 50,000 square feet. Retrofitting large California buildings with dimmable lighting to enable fast DR lighting would require an investment of about $1.8 billion and a"fleet" of about 56 million dimming ballasts. By upgrading the existing installed base of lighting and controls (primarily in large commercial facilities) a substantial amount of ancillary services could be provided. Though not widely deployed, today's state-of-the art lighting systems, control systems and communication networks could be used for this application. The same lighting control equipment that is appropriate for fast DR is also appropriate for achieving energy efficiency with lighting on a daily basis. Thus fast DR can leverage the capabilities that are provided by a conventional dimming lighting control system. If dimmable lighting were massively deployed throughout large California buildings (because mandated by law, for example) dimmable lighting could realistically supply 380 MW of non-spinning reserve, 47percent of the total non-spinning reserves needed in 2007.

Rubinstein, Francis; Xiaolei, Li; Watson, David S.

2010-12-03

34

State Medicaid Nursing Home Reimbursement Rates: Adjusting for Ancillaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: State variation in inclusion of ancillary services in daily Medicaid nursing home reimbursement rates, ver- sus covering ancillary costs outside of such rates, makes rate comparisons difficult. The purpose of this study is to adjust for inclusion of ancillaries when comparing Medic- aid rates across states. Design and Methods: Data for 1987-1998 were drawn from a national survey of

James Swan; Valli Bhagavatula; Amit Algotar; Mouhammad Seirawan; Wendy Clemeña; Charlene Harrington

35

47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. 1.9049 Section 1.9049...ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. (a) A license issued...the purpose of this subpart, a Mobile Satellite Service licensee with an ATC...

2012-10-01

36

Ancillary service details: Voltage control  

SciTech Connect

Voltage control is accomplished by managing reactive power on an alternating-current power system. Reactive power can be produced and absorbed by both generation and transmission equipment. Reactive-power devices differ substantially in the magnitude and speed of response and in their capital costs. System operators, transmission owners, generators, customers, power marketers, and government regulators need to pay close attention to voltage control as they restructure the U.S. electricity industry. Voltage control can affect reliability and commerce in three ways: (1) Voltages must be maintained within an acceptable range for both customer and power-system equipment to function properly. (2) The movement of reactive power consumes transmission resources, which limits the ability to move real power and worsens congestion. (3) The movement of reactive power results in real-power losses. When generators are required to supply excessive amounts of reactive power, their real-power production must be curtailed. These opportunity costs are not currently compensated for in most regions. Current tariffs are based on embedded costs. These embedded-cost tariffs average about $0.51/MWh, equivalent to $1.5 billion annually for the United States as a whole. Although this cost is low when compared with the cost of energy, it still aggregates to a significant amount of money. This report takes a basic look at why the power system requires reactive power (an appendix explains the fundamentals of real and reactive power). The report then examines the various types of generation and transmission resources used to supply reactive power and to control voltage. Finally it discusses how these resources are deployed and paid for in several reliability regions around the country. As the U.S. electricity industry is restructured, the generation, transmission, and system-control equipment and functions that maintain voltages within the appropriate ranges are being deintegrated.

Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

1997-12-01

37

Using satellite imagery as ancillary data for increasing the precision of estimates for the Forest Inventory and Analysis program of the USDA Forest Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forest inventory programs report estimates of forest variables for areas of interest ranging in size from mu- nicipalities, to counties, to states or provinces. Because of numerous factors, sample sizes are often insufficient to esti- mate attributes as precisely as is desired, unless the estimation process is enhanced using ancillary data. Classified satellite imagery has been shown to be an

Ronald E. McRoberts; Geoffrey R. Holden; Mark D. Nelson; Greg C. Liknes; Dale D. Gormanson

2005-01-01

38

Prehospital digital photography and automated image transmission in an emergency medical service - an ancillary retrospective analysis of a prospective controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Still picture transmission was performed using a telemedicine system in an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) during a prospective, controlled trial. In this ancillary, retrospective study the quality and content of the transmitted pictures and the possible influences of this application on prehospital time requirements were investigated. Methods A digital camera was used with a telemedicine system enabling encrypted audio and data transmission between an ambulance and a remotely located physician. By default, images were compressed (jpeg, 640 x 480 pixels). On occasion, this compression was deactivated (3648 x 2736 pixels). Two independent investigators assessed all transmitted pictures according to predefined criteria. In cases of different ratings, a third investigator had final decision competence. Patient characteristics and time intervals were extracted from the EMS protocol sheets and dispatch centre reports. Results Overall 314 pictures (mean 2.77?±?2.42 pictures/mission) were transmitted during 113 missions (group 1). Pictures were not taken for 151 missions (group 2). Regarding picture quality, the content of 240 (76.4%) pictures was clearly identifiable; 45 (14.3%) pictures were considered “limited quality” and 29 (9.2%) pictures were deemed “not useful” due to not/hardly identifiable content. For pictures with file compression (n?=?84 missions) and without (n?=?17 missions), the content was clearly identifiable in 74% and 97% of the pictures, respectively (p?=?0.003). Medical reports (n?=?98, 32.8%), medication lists (n?=?49, 16.4%) and 12-lead ECGs (n?=?28, 9.4%) were most frequently photographed. The patient characteristics of group 1 vs. 2 were as follows: median age – 72.5 vs. 56.5 years, p?=?0.001; frequency of acute coronary syndrome – 24/113 vs. 15/151, p?=?0.014. The NACA scores and gender distribution were comparable. Median on-scene times were longer with picture transmission (26 vs. 22 min, p?=?0.011), but ambulance arrival to hospital arrival intervals did not differ significantly (35 vs. 33 min, p?=?0.054). Conclusions Picture transmission was used frequently and resulted in an acceptable picture quality, even with compressed files. In most cases, previously existing “paper data” was transmitted electronically. This application may offer an alternative to other modes of ECG transmission. Due to different patient characteristics no conclusions for a prolonged on-scene time can be drawn. Mobile picture transmission holds important opportunities for clinical handover procedures and teleconsultation.

2013-01-01

39

Service quality models in banking: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to appraise various service quality models and identify issues for future research based on the analysis of literature. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines 14 different service quality models reported in the literature applicable to the banking sector. The critical review of the different service quality models is intended to compile the various

Jaya Sangeetha; S. Mahalingam

2011-01-01

40

Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policies can provide ancillary benefits in terms of short-term improvements in air quality and associated health benefits. Several studies have analyzed the ancillary impacts of GHG policies for a variety of locations, pollutants, and policies. In this paper we review the existing evidence on ancillary health benefits relating to air pollution from various GHG strategies

Michelle L Bell; Devra L Davis; Luis A Cifuentes; Alan J Krupnick; Richard D Morgenstern; George D Thurston

2008-01-01

41

Financial Report of Ontario Universities, 1996-97. Ancillary Enterprises.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides detailed information on ancillary enterprises at provincially assisted universities and at affiliated and federated colleges in Ontario (Canada) for the fiscal year that ended April 30, 1997. Such enterprises include school stores (including bookstores), food services, residences, conferences, parking, publishing, and other…

Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

42

Financial Report of Ontario Universities, 1997-98. Ancillary Enterprises.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides detailed information on ancillary enterprises at provincially assisted universities and affiliated and federated colleges in Ontario (Canada) for the fiscal year ending 30 April 1998. Such enterprises include school stores (including bookstores), food services, residences, conferences, parking, publishing, and other…

Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

43

78 FR 63310 - Senior Executive Service; Fiscal Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...members of the Fiscal Service Performance Review Board (PRB) for...Service). The PRB reviews the performance appraisals of career senior executives...recommendations regarding proposed performance appraisals, ratings, bonuses,...

2013-10-23

44

Evaluation of the Service Review Model with Performance Scorecards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study combined a management technique termed "Service Review" with performance scorecards to enhance staff and consumer behavior in a human service setting consisting of 11 supervisors and 56 front-line staff working with 9 adult consumers with challenging behaviors. Results of our intervention showed that service review and…

Szabo, Thomas G.; Williams, W. Larry; Rafacz, Sharlet D.; Newsome, William; Lydon, Christina A.

2012-01-01

45

Cardiac Catheterization Services in Central Virginia 1981: Appropriateness Review Findings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Central Virginia Health Systems Agency (CVHSA) has developed and implemented specific criteria and standards for Cardiac Catheterization Services. These criteria are reviewed in the context of the current status of cardiac catheterization services in ...

1981-01-01

46

75 FR 68385 - Senior Executive Service-Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Senior Executive Service-Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice...Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES performance review boards....

2010-11-05

47

76 FR 69770 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice...the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES performance review boards. The...

2011-11-09

48

77 FR 66191 - Senior Executive Service-Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Senior Executive Service--Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice...Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES performance review boards....

2012-11-02

49

76 FR 78955 - Review of Nonpostal Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...licensing of Postal Service intellectual property for use on Mailing and Shipping...licensing of Postal Service intellectual property for use on Mailing and Shipping...classification of the licensing of intellectual property for use on Mailing and...

2011-12-20

50

14 CFR 21.277 - Data review and service experience.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.277 Section 21.277 Aeronautics... § 21.277 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator... (b) If corrective action by the user of the product is necessary for...

2009-01-01

51

14 CFR 21.277 - Data review and service experience.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.277 Section 21.277 Aeronautics... § 21.277 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator... (b) If corrective action by the user of the product is necessary for...

2010-01-01

52

14 CFR 21.477 - Data review and service experience.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.477 Section 21.477 Aeronautics... § 21.477 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator... (b) If corrective action by the user of the product is necessary for...

2009-01-01

53

14 CFR 21.477 - Data review and service experience.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.477 Section 21.477 Aeronautics... § 21.477 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator... (b) If corrective action by the user of the product is necessary for...

2010-01-01

54

A Review of Telemedicine Services in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Telemedicine is gaining popularity due to the provision of ubiquitous health care services that is a fundamental need for\\u000a every socialized society. In this paper, telemedicine services in Finland are discussed, as well as how they came into existence,\\u000a how they are funded, evaluated, and what are their impacts on health care systems and society. Telemedicine services like\\u000a teleradiology, telelaboratory,

Vikramajeet Khatri; Carrie B. Peterson; Sofoklis Kyriazokos; Neeli R. Prasad

55

78 FR 50037 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NOAA Administrator welcomes applications from individuals with expertise in navigation data, products and services; marine cartography and geospatial information systems; geodesy; physical oceanography; coastal resource management, including...

2013-08-16

56

DOD Service Academies: Academic Review Processes. Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examined the academic review processes at the three Department of Defense service academies, describing how the academies use these processes to review cases of students who have not met academic performance standards. Based on interviews with academy officials and relevant documents, it outlines the review processes in place at the…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. National Security and International Affairs Div.

57

Diffusion of Innovations in Service Organizations: Systematic Review and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

This article summarizes an extensive literature review addressing the question, How can we spread and sustain innovations in health service delivery and organization? It considers both content (defining and measuring the diffusion of innovation in organizations) and process (reviewing the literature in a systematic and reproducible way). This article discusses (1) a parsimonious and evidence-based model for considering the diffusion of innovations in health service organizations, (2) clear knowledge gaps where further research should be focused, and (3) a robust and transferable methodology for systematically reviewing health service policy and management. Both the model and the method should be tested more widely in a range of contexts.

Greenhalgh, Trisha; Robert, Glenn; Macfarlane, Fraser; Bate, Paul; Kyriakidou, Olivia

2004-01-01

58

Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: systematic review and recommendations.  

PubMed

This article summarizes an extensive literature review addressing the question, How can we spread and sustain innovations in health service delivery and organization? It considers both content (defining and measuring the diffusion of innovation in organizations) and process (reviewing the literature in a systematic and reproducible way). This article discusses (1) a parsimonious and evidence-based model for considering the diffusion of innovations in health service organizations, (2) clear knowledge gaps where further research should be focused, and (3) a robust and transferable methodology for systematically reviewing health service policy and management. Both the model and the method should be tested more widely in a range of contexts. PMID:15595944

Greenhalgh, Trisha; Robert, Glenn; Macfarlane, Fraser; Bate, Paul; Kyriakidou, Olivia

2004-01-01

59

76 FR 32957 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...navigation data, products and services; coastal management; fisheries management; coastal and marine spatial planning; geodesy; water levels; and other science-related fields to apply for Panel membership. To apply for membership on the...

2011-06-07

60

75 FR 20809 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...navigation data, products and services; coastal management; fisheries management; coastal and marine spatial planning; geodesy; water levels; and other science-related fields to submit applications for Panel membership. To apply for membership...

2010-04-21

61

77 FR 76001 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...navigation data, products and services; coastal management; fisheries management; coastal and marine spatial planning; geodesy; water levels; and other science-related fields to apply for Panel membership. To apply for membership on the...

2012-12-26

62

Service-learning in baccalaureate nursing education: a literature review.  

PubMed

Service-learning is an educational pedagogy that provides students with an opportunity to apply classroom learning to real-world situations, while meeting a specific community need. The purpose of this literature review is to identify what type of baccalaureate nursing courses utilize service-learning, to determine the level at which baccalaureate nursing students are being engaged in service-learning, and to evaluate the efficacy of service-learning to meet curricular objectives. Suggestions are made for instructors who are considering integrating service-learning into their curriculum. [J Nurs Educ. 2013;52(11)621-626.]. PMID:24127182

Murray, Billie S

2013-10-14

63

78 FR 23909 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

2013-04-23

64

77 FR 67634 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

2012-11-13

65

76 FR 61091 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

2011-10-03

66

75 FR 20816 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

2010-04-21

67

77 FR 24933 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

2012-04-26

68

76 FR 20323 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

2011-04-12

69

75 FR 59697 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

2010-09-28

70

77 FR 12331 - Membership of National Science Foundation's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board is made in compliance...Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board is as follows...Antarctic Infrastructure and Logistics Division. Mark L....

2012-02-29

71

75 FR 65528 - Membership of National Science Foundation's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board is made in compliance...Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board is as follows...Antarctic Infrastructure and Logistics Division; Judith S....

2010-10-25

72

Can Software Architecture Review Methods Apply to Service Design?  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Service design is a relatively new discipline, perhaps considered today to be more art than science. A chosen design may affect\\u000a multiple stakeholders, and its impact may vary across multiple service attributes. It is often therefore difficult to determine\\u000a whether one service design is preferable to another. This paper presents a review method derived from those adopted by software\\u000a architects

Simon Field

2010-01-01

73

Social Networks and Mental Health Service Utilisation - a Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks have been shown to be smaller in individuals with severe mental illness than in the general population. Patients' social networks and social support may impact on their utilisation of psychiatric services. This literature review focuses on social networks, social support and mental health service use in patients with mental illness. Most studies suggest that smaller social networks or

Maya Albert; Thomas Becker; Paul Mccrone; Graham Thornicroft

1998-01-01

74

Report on School Food Services. MORE: Management Operations Review & Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of the size of its budget and the importance and complexity of its operation, the Division of Food Services in the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools was one of the first selected for a series of Management Operations Review and Evaluation (MORE) studies. The Division directs the delivery of food services to all 178 schools in…

Richardson, William M.; And Others

75

International services marketing: review of research, 1980-1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on international services marketing from 31 academic journals in the period 1980 to 1998 is reviewed. This time frame contains the largest proportion of scholarly works published on international services marketing to date. Results reveal that the extant literature is relatively sparse, with much research focused on highly specific industries or topic areas. Major findings from leading sectors

Gary Knight

1999-01-01

76

Radiation Therapy Services: Health Systems Plan and Appropriateness Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bulk of this document consists of standards for use in appropriateness review of megavoltage radiation therapy services. The six standards specify: (1) a service population of 150,000 per machine; (2) annual caseload of 200 patients per machine, to be...

1981-01-01

77

Review of Financial service in Logistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper mainly analyzes the appearance, operation procedures, development trends, research orientation and the hot issue of financial logistics, which is being applied as a new product of logistics service in both domestic logistic industry and international ones. Moreover, the theory and practice development of financial logistics and the classification about the existent research results were discussed. Some forecast about

Xiaojing Zhou; Zhuo Zhang; Yin Lu

2009-01-01

78

Social Services Evaluation: A Review of the Literature.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A review of the literature of human service program evaluation and a selection of abstracts of journal articles on evaluation studies are presented. The literature review is an assessment of the 'state of the art' and hindrances to its development, as wel...

D. Harris

1974-01-01

79

48 CFR 41.702 - Formats for annual utility service review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...301(a) and may be used at the agency's discretion: (1) Electric service. (2) Gas service. (3) Water and sewage service. (b) Contracting officers may modify the annual utility service review format as necessary to fully...

2012-10-01

80

48 CFR 41.702 - Formats for annual utility service review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...301(a) and may be used at the agency's discretion: (1) Electric service. (2) Gas service. (3) Water and sewage service. (b) Contracting officers may modify the annual utility service review format as necessary to fully...

2011-10-01

81

Measurement of patient satisfaction with community pharmacy services: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim of the review The aim of this review is to conduct an in-depth analysis of the available literature in order to identify and evaluate studies\\u000a measuring patient satisfaction with pharmacy services delivered by pharmacists in a community setting. Method An extensive literature search was conducted in five databases (Medline, Scopus, Embase, Psychinfo, International Pharmaceutical\\u000a Abstracts) using the search terms

Pradnya Naik Panvelkar; Bandana Saini; Carol Armour

2009-01-01

82

17 CFR 240.3b-15 - Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities. 240.3b-15...Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities. (a) The term ancillary portfolio management securities activities means...

2010-04-01

83

17 CFR 240.3b-15 - Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities. 240.3b-15...Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities. (a) The term ancillary portfolio management securities activities means...

2009-04-01

84

17 CFR 240.3b-15 - Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities. 240.3b-15...Definition of ancillary portfolio management securities activities. (a) The term ancillary portfolio management securities activities means...

2013-04-01

85

Rhode Island Child and Family Services Review. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents the findings of the Child and Family Services Review (CFSR) for the State of Rhode Island. The CFSR assesses State performance on seven child welfare outcomes pertaining to childrens safety, permanency, and well being and on seven s...

2004-01-01

86

Pennsylvania Child and Family Services Review. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child and Family Services Review (CFSR) assesses State performance during a specified time period with respect to seven child welfare outcomes in the areas of safety, permanency, and well-being and with respect to seven systemic factors. The Pennsylva...

2002-01-01

87

International outsourcing of information technology services: review and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the development of the empirical literature on international outsourcing of information technology services (ITS) over the 1992-2007 period and to identify future research areas. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A sample of 78 empirical academic publications on international outsourcing of ITS conducted between 1992 and 2007 across 46 scholarly journals constitutes the main

Doren Chadee; Revti Raman

2009-01-01

88

Puerto Rico Child and Family Services Review. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents the findings of the Child and Family Services Review (CFSR) for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The CFSR was conducted the week of August 4, 2003. The findings were derived from the following documents and data collection procedure...

2003-01-01

89

Reviewing congruity effects in the service environment musicscape  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a literature review that highlights significant findings from empirical research examining the impact of music within various real and simulated service environments. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines the results of studies that have manipulated specific musical variables (genre, tempo, volume, and liking), and attempts to identify consistent patterns of findings

Steve Oakes; Adrian C. North

2008-01-01

90

Citizen Review Panels for Child Protective Services: A National Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Citizen Review Panels (CRPs) for Child Protective Services are groups of citizen-volunteers throughout the United States who are federally mandated to evaluate local and state child protection systems. This study presents a profile of 332 CRP members in 20 states with regards to their demographic information, length of time on the panel, and …

Jones, Blake L.; Royse, David

2008-01-01

91

New Jersey Child and Family Services Review. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents the findings of the Child and Family Services Review (CFSR) for the State of New Jersey for the period October 1, 2002 through March 22, 2004. The CFSR assesses State performance on seven child welfare outcomes pertaining to childre...

2004-01-01

92

47 CFR 90.317 - Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Authorization in the Band 470-512 MHz (UHF-TV Sharing) § 90.317 Fixed ancillary signaling and data...primary mobile operation of any other licensee. (2) The output power at the remote site shall not exceed 30 watts. (3)...

2012-10-01

93

47 CFR 90.317 - Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Authorization in the Band 470-512 MHz (UHF-TV Sharing) § 90.317 Fixed ancillary signaling and data...primary mobile operation of any other licensee. (2) The output power at the remote site shall not exceed 30 watts. (3)...

2011-10-01

94

Health and social services integration: a review of concepts and models.  

PubMed

Health and social services integration is particularly relevant for populations whose needs span physical health, mental health, housing, and disability services, along with others. Veterans, homeless, chronically ill, and aging are among those populations. This review examines recent peer-reviewed literature about different approaches to services integration, rationales behind those approaches, and successes of those approaches, including factors that make them succeed or fail. The focus here is on services that cross disciplinary boundaries; that is, those that integrate health services with social services, health services with mental health services, or one social service with a categorically different social service. PMID:22873935

Fisher, Michael P; Elnitsky, Christine

2012-01-01

95

Transitional Youth Services: Practice Implications from a Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Independent living programs have emerged as the primary intervention to address the needs of foster youth transitioning out\\u000a of care. Prior reviews of independent living programs have focused on implications for research and policy, but not on direct\\u000a practice. In order to create effective independent living programs, direct service workers must be provided with concrete\\u000a practice guidelines for providing effective

Toni Naccarato; Emily DeLorenzo

2008-01-01

96

Air pollution and the demand for hospital services: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time-series studies published since 1993 on the association between short-term changes in air quality and use of hospital services, including both inpatient and emergency room use, are reviewed. The use of nonparametric analysis, often incorporating generalized additive models (GAMs), has increased greatly since the early 1990s. There have also been three major multi-city studies, which together analyzed data from well

Adam M. Wilson; Jeffrey C. Salloway; Cameron P. Wake; Tom Kelly

2004-01-01

97

Clinical pharmacy services and solid organ transplantation: a literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim of the review Organ transplantation represents the therapy of choice for most types of end-stage organ failure, and post-transplant patient\\u000a care warrants great attention. The aim of this study was to summarise the available evidence regarding the role and impact\\u000a of clinical pharmacy services in the care of solid organ transplant patients. Methods A search of the literature was

G. Stemer; R. Lemmens-Gruber

2010-01-01

98

Therapeutic radiology services in central Viginia 1981: appropriateness review findings  

SciTech Connect

The Central Virginia Health Systems Agency (CVHSA) has developed and implemented specific criteria and standards for Therapeutic Radiology Services. The criteria address the availability, accessibility, and cost of the services, and the quality, continuity, and acceptability of the care provided. The data and information utilized in this review were obtained primarily from a specific Appropriateness Review survey instrument which was utilized by all of the HSA's in Virginia. The three institutional providers of megavoltage radiation therapy in HSA IV comply with the majority of CVHSA criteria and standards pertaining to availability, accessibility, and cost of services. Despite the fact that the Cobalt 60 unit at the McGuire Clinic provided treatment to less than 300 new patients during 1980, available evidence suggests that utilization of this unit will continue to grow during the next five years. Existing megavoltage units in HSA IV should be sufficient to absorb the total demand for radiation therapy services through 1985. The institutional providers of megavoltage radiation therapy comply with the majority of CVHSA criteria and standards pertaining to quality, continuity, and acceptability of care.

Not Available

1981-07-01

99

Ancillary Savings and Production Benefits in the Evaluation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the importance of ancillary savings and production benefits that occur when energy efficiency measures are implemented in industrial facilities. We review results from 81 energy efficiency projects that were developed into separate case studies for the U.S. DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). We then use a methodology to assess and quantify the energy

Robert Bruce Lung; Aimee McKane; Robert Leach; Donald Marsh

100

Variation in Ancillary Testing among Pediatric Asthma Patients Seen in Emergency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Variation in the management of acute pediatric asthma within emergency departments is largely unexplored. Objectives: To investigate whether ancillary testing for patients with asthma would be associated with patient, physician, and hospital characteristics. Methods: The authors performed an analysis of a subset of patients from an extensive retrospective chart review of randomly selected charts at all 25 member emergency

Rachel M. Stanley; Stephen J. Teach; N. Clay Mann; Elizabeth R. Alpern; Michael J. Gerardi; Prashant V. Mahajan; James M. Chamberlain

101

Endocervical glandular lesions: controversial aspects and ancillary techniques  

PubMed Central

The incidence of malignant and premalignant endocervical glandular lesions is increasing. This review covers controversial and difficult aspects regarding the categorisation and diagnosis of these lesions. The terminology of premalignant endocervical glandular lesions is discussed because of the differences between the UK terminology and the widely used World Health Organisation classification. The morphology and histological subtypes of premalignant endocervical glandular lesions are described. Early invasive adenocarcinoma and difficulties in the diagnosis and recognition of this entity are covered, as is the measurement of early invasion within cervical adenocarcinoma. Several benign endocervical glandular lesions can mimic malignant and premalignant endocervical glandular lesions, and the distinction of these benign mimics from premalignant and malignant lesions using ancillary immunohistochemical studies is also covered. Antibodies used to distinguish between endometrial and endocervical adenocarcinoma, in the diagnosis of cervical minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of mucinous type (adenoma malignum), and in the diagnosis of cervical mesonephric lesions are also reviewed.

McCluggage, W G

2003-01-01

102

47 CFR 76.930 - Initiation of review of basic cable service and equipment rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Initiation of review of basic cable service and equipment...76.930 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST...Regulation § 76.930 Initiation of review of basic cable service and...

2011-10-01

103

47 CFR 76.930 - Initiation of review of basic cable service and equipment rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Initiation of review of basic cable service and equipment...76.930 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST...Regulation § 76.930 Initiation of review of basic cable service and...

2012-10-01

104

47 CFR 76.945 - Procedures for Commission review of basic service rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Procedures for Commission review of basic service rates. 76.945...76.945 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST...76.945 Procedures for Commission review of basic service rates....

2012-10-01

105

47 CFR 76.945 - Procedures for Commission review of basic service rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Procedures for Commission review of basic service rates...945 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST...76.945 Procedures for Commission review of basic service...

2011-10-01

106

Clinical services and professional support: a review of mobile telepaediatric services in Queensland.  

PubMed

In Queensland, the majority of rural hospitals and some regional hospitals lack paediatricians or paediatric sub-specialists. Many specialist referrals result in a transfer to a tertiary paediatric hospital in Brisbane--up to 3000 km away. Travel is difficult, time-consuming and expensive, especially from rural and remote areas in Queensland. The telepaediatric service managed by the Centre for Online Health (COH) at the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH) in Brisbane, delivers general and specialist paediatric support directly into selected neonatal and paediatric wards in a convenient and child-friendly manner. We conducted a review of telepaediatric service records to determine which clinical and educational services had been delivered through the mobile videoconference systems. Telepaediatric service activity records for all consultations conducted between January 2005 and July 2010 were summarised.Since 2005, seven mobile telepaediatric systems have been established in selected regional hospitals throughout Queensland. For some hospitals, the service was used mainly for consultations with specialists based at the RCH or at The Townsville Hospital (TTH) in north Queensland. During a 67 month period, a total of 966 consultations were conducted during 465 videoconference sessions, totaling about 228 hours of activity. In addition, 39 education sessions were delivered to regional staff through the mobile robot systems by specialists based at the RCH in Brisbane. The telepaediatric robots have proven useful for general paediatric support for hospitals without a local paediatrician; sub-specialist paediatric support and professional education and support for regional clinicians. Our service model provided a streamlined method of delivering specialist health services to children and families living in rural and remote regions of Queensland. PMID:21191168

Smith, Anthony C; Armfield, Nigel R; White, Megan M; Williams, Michael L; Koh, T H H Guann; Hurley, Tom; Maclean, Sue; McCrossin, Robert; Van der Westhuyzen, Jasper; Coulthard, Mark G

2010-01-01

107

5 CFR 2424.22 - Exclusive representative's petition for review; purpose; content; severance; service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Exclusive representative's petition for review; purpose; content; severance; service...Filing and Responding to a Petition for Review; Conferences § 2424.22 Exclusive representative's petition for review; purpose; content; severance;...

2013-01-01

108

Health and Social Services Integration: A Review of Concepts and Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health and social services integration is particularly relevant for populations whose needs span physical health, mental health, housing, and disability services, along with others. Veterans, homeless, chronically ill, and aging are among those populations. This review examines recent peer-reviewed literature about different approaches to services integration, rationales behind those approaches, and successes of those approaches, including factors that make them

Michael P. Fisher; Christine Elnitsky

2012-01-01

109

New service development: a review of the literature and annotated bibliography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provides a review and ready reference to recent writings on new service development (NSD), especially for the financial services sector. Discusses the types of new service development, the purposes served by them and the processes. Refers to the key activities of NSD and measures its success. An annotated bibliography supplies a very useful guide to the new service development literature.

Axel Johne; Chris Storey

1998-01-01

110

10 CFR 9.33 - Search, review, and special service fees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Search, review, and special service fees...Information Act Regulations § 9.33 Search, review, and special service fees. (a) The NRC charges fees forâ (1) Search, duplication, and review, when...

2013-01-01

111

An ancillary pumping system for the APS vacuum system  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ancillary pumping system has been designed and installed in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring. This vacuum system has the ability to pump sectors of the storage ring down from room pressure to ultra-high vacuum (UHV). The ancillary system is a “dry” system that uses a combination of turbomolecular pumps and oil-free roughing pumps. The benefits of this

D. Walters; J. Noonan; J. Gagliano; G. Harris; V. Svirtun

1997-01-01

112

Ancillary pumping system for the APS vacuum system.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An ancillary pumping system has been designed and installed in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring. This vacuum system has the ability to pump sectors of the storage ring down from room pressure to ultra-high vacuum (UHV). The ancillary system i...

D. Walters J. Noonan J. Gagliano

1997-01-01

113

78 FR 60816 - Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance...Development, Office of Inspector General's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...the initial appraisal of each USAID OIG senior executive's performance by his or...

2013-10-02

114

68 FR 57471 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; NCI Cancer Information Service Demographic/Customer...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for OMB Review; Comment Request; NCI Cancer Information Service Demographic/Customer...Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Institutes...Proposed Collection: Title: The National Cancer Institute Cancer Information Service...

2003-10-03

115

Ancillary effects of selected acid deposition control policies  

SciTech Connect

NAPAP is examining a number of potential ways to reduce the precursors (sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) to acid deposition. However, the policies to reduce acid deposition will have other physical, biological and economic effects unrelated to acid deposition. For example, control policies that reduce sulfur dioxide emissions may also increase visibility. The effects of an acid deposition policy that are unrelated to acid deposition are referred to as ''ancillary'' effects. This reserch identifies and characterizes the principle physical and economic ancillary effects associated with acid deposition control and mitigation policies. In this study the ancillary benefits associated with four specific acid deposition policy options were investigated. The four policy options investigated are: (1) flue gas desulfurization, (2) coal blending or switching, (3) reductions in automobile emissions of NO/sub x/, and (4) lake liming. Potential ancillary benefits of each option were identified and characterized. Particular attention was paid to the literature on economic valuation of potential ancillary effects.

Moe, R.J.; Lyke, A.J.; Nesse, R.J.

1986-08-01

116

Improved wetland remote sensing in Yellowstone National Park using classification trees to combine TM imagery and ancillary environmental data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service uses the term palustrine wetland to describe vegetated wetlands traditionally identified as marsh, bog, fen, swamp, or wet meadow. Landsat TM imagery was combined with image texture and ancillary environmental data to model probabilities of palustrine wetland occurrence in Yellowstone National Park using classification trees. Model training and test locations were identified from National

Chris Wright; Alisa Gallant

2007-01-01

117

Ethics in Customer Service: Critical Review and Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies domains of unethical service communication and proposes a research agenda for examining service ethics. Calls for research to explore service ethics among different occupational groups, investigate effects of unethical practices on service providers and customers, and identify characteristics of organizational climates which foster…

Ford, Wendy S. Zabava

1996-01-01

118

Reference Manual for Project Review Standards and Criteria Covering Health Care Facilities and Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Guidelines are presented for reviewing and commenting upon projects undertaken in Tennessee to improve health care services and facilities. The document outlines the major types of reviews carried out by the Tennessee Office of Comprehensive Health Planni...

1974-01-01

119

Project Review Criteria and Standards for Open Heart Surgery Services in Southeastern Michigan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Developed to provide guidelines for section 1122 and certificate of need reviews, these criteria and standards provide the basis for the review of proposals to establish, expand, or alter adult and pediatric open heart surgery services as required under t...

1980-01-01

120

42 CFR 456.6 - Review by State medical agency of appropriateness and quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Review by State medical agency of appropriateness and quality...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL...Provisions § 456.6 Review by State medical agency of appropriateness and...

2012-10-01

121

Ancillary and Related Services for the CETA Client.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one of 12 that address various topics in the area of CETA/education linkages. They were designed to provide those individuals interested in the development and implementation of CETA/education linkages with information that will serve to enhance the quality of existing programs and facilitate the efficient and effective…

McGough, Robert L.; Vincent, John

122

Service Customization Research: A Review and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Service customization is an important new opportunity for firms in their pursuit of better outcomes in their service provision\\u000a process. Much like the recent expansion of product customization in goods markets, service customization has been expanding\\u000a recently due to a variety of factors, such as technological development allowing for improved service delivery and better\\u000a communication with customers as well as

P. K. Kannan; John Healey

123

The New Service Model: a review, a critique and a way forward  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper contributes to the debate on the New Service Model by focusing on the theoretical and practical implications that it calls for. The discussion seeks to take stock of the development of the idea of product-service integration, which is central to this New Service Paradigm, and provides a review and critique of the key principles that underpin this new

Elena P. Antonacopoulou; Efrosyni Konstantinou

2008-01-01

124

Intergenerational Service-Learning: A Review of Recent Literature and Directions for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review examines recent studies that have addressed outcomes of intergenerational service-learning courses in gerontology. The history of service-learning pedagogy in higher education and its place in today's colleges is also reviewed. Particular attention is given to evaluations of stakeholders: students, older adult participants, agencies…

Roodin, Paul; Brown, Laura Hess; Shedlock, Dorothy

2013-01-01

125

Review of Child Care Services Provided Under Title IV, Social Security Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on child care services is based on: (1) a review of program administration at the central and regional offices of the Social and Rehabilitation Service and the Office of Child Development, and (2) a review of selected child care providers in nine states. The program and fiscal management at each administrative level were evaluated,…

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. HEW Audit Agency.

126

The Impact of Child and Family Service Reviews on Knowledge Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses knowledge management as a framework to analyze the impact of the child and family review process on child protective service agencies. Results of a qualitative analysis of child and family service reviews and program improvement plans indicated that the process has led to an increase in the use of family team meetings and risk…

Mischen, Pamela A.

2008-01-01

127

1 CFR 10.12 - Format, indexes, and ancillaries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.12 Format, indexes, and ancillaries. (a) Each publication covers one...

2012-01-01

128

Ancillary Care: From Theory to Practice in International Clinical Research  

PubMed Central

How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. This article describes how the provision of ancillary care can link international clinical research to the reduction of global health disparities. It identifies the ancillary care obligations supported by a theory of global justice, showing that Jennifer Ruger’s health capability paradigm requires the delivery of ancillary care to trial participants for a limited subset of conditions that cause severe morbidity and mortality. Empirical research on the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit’s (SMRU) vivax malaria treatment trial was then undertaken to demonstrate whether and how these obligations might be upheld in a resource-poor setting. Our findings show that fulfilment of the ancillary care obligations is feasible where there is commitment from chief investigators and funders and is strongly facilitated by SMRU’s dual role as a research unit and medical non-governmental organization.

Pratt, Bridget; Zion, Deborah; Lwin, Khin Maung; Cheah, Phaik Yeong; Nosten, Francois; Loff, Bebe

2013-01-01

129

Gradations of Researchers' Obligation to Provide Ancillary Care for HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

Three principal factors affect the stringency of medical researchers’ obligation to provide antiretroviral treatment to participants in non-HIV/AIDS studies that are conducted in developing countries: (1) the centrality of HIV/AIDS to the study design, (2) the extent of the researcher–participant interaction, and (3) the cost relative to the study budget. I provide a basis for assessing the comparative stringency of the researchers’ obligation to provide this type of ancillary care. Practically, given the range of possible responses to study participants’ needs, calibrating the researcher’s responsibility to provide ancillary care is a useful step in ethical analysis. Theoretically, a gradation of obligation suggests how research ethics committees or institutional review boards can take multiple, potentially conflicting ethical factors into account without undertaking spurious efforts to quantify their importance.

Richardson, Henry S.

2007-01-01

130

Product-oriented design theory for digital information services: A literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give a structured literature review, design concepts, and research propositions related to a product-oriented design theory for information services. Information services facilitate the exchange of information goods with or without transforming these goods. Exemplar information services are e-publishing, electronic communities-of-practice, and management reporting. The importance of information services in the current

Fons Wijnhoven; Jeroen Kraaijenbrink

2008-01-01

131

[Military medical service and international humanitarian law (literature review)].  

PubMed

Three periods of the development of military medical service management in Ukraine can be outlined according to the findings of the conducted study, they are the following: formation (1992-1994), consolidation and development (the end of 1994-2003), functional and structural transformation (2004). Leading tendencies of the formation of the management of medical military service in the period are shown in the article to be democratization and structural order of units of the system of the management of military service, integration of efforts and resources of medical military service in one medically covered area of the state, introduction and intensive expansion in army prophylactic and treatment institutions of wide spectrum of requiring payment medical service, rendering out-patient medical service to armed forces personnel and pensioner of Ministry of Defense by family physicians, orientation toward effective management. PMID:15771081

Radysh, Ia F; Mehed', V P; Badiuk, M I; Mel'nyk, O M; Andriienko, O Ia

2004-12-01

132

General principles in child liasion consultation service: a literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consultation-liaison psychiatry emerged in the late thirties as a bridge between body and mind splitting of medical care. Setting-up of consultation-liaison services in general hospitals began some years later and is still developing in many countries. Paediatric consultation-liaison services share some general characteristics with those for adults, but others are more specific. Different models of child consultation-liaison services have been

P. Ortiz; Paseo Juan

1997-01-01

133

How far can systematic reviews inform policy development for "wicked" rural health service problems?  

PubMed

Policy makers and researchers increasingly look to systematic reviews as a means of connecting research and evidence more effectively with policy. Based on Australian research into rural and remote primary health care services, we note some concerns regarding the suitability of systematic review methods when applied to such settings. It suggests that rural and other health services are highly complex and researching them is akin to dealing with "wicked" problems. It proposes that the notion of "wicked" problems may inform our understanding of the issues and our choice of appropriate methods to inform health service policy. Key issues including the complexity of health services, methodological limitations of traditional reviews, the nature of materials under review, and the importance of the service context are highlighted. These indicate the need for broader approaches to capturing relevant evidence. Sustained, collaborative synthesis in which complexity, ambiguity and context is acknowledged is proposed as a way of addressing the wicked nature of these issues. PMID:20166908

Humphreys, John S; Kuipers, Pim; Wakerman, John; Wells, Robert; Jones, Judith A; Kinsman, Leigh D

2009-11-01

134

The need for general medical services: a literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

General Medical Services (GMS) are provided mainly through Family Practices, on a demand led basis: that is, there is no cash limit expect for certain specified selected services such as Practice Nurses etc. Nevertheless, since 1948, the Medical Practices Committee (MPC) have influenced the delivery of GMS through a system of allowances for areas designated as under-doctored; and, of course,

Roy Carr-Hill

1999-01-01

135

Integrating ecosystem services into conservation assessments: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

A call has been made for conservation planners to include ecosystem services into their assessments of conservation priority areas. The need to develop an integrated approach to meeting different conservation objectives and a shift in focus towards human wellbeing are some of the motivations behind this call. There is currently no widely accepted approach to planning for ecosystem services. This

Benis Egoh; Mathieu Rouget; Belinda Reyers; Andrew T. Knight; Richard M. Cowling; Albert S. van Jaarsveld; Adam Welz

2007-01-01

136

Ecosystem service trends in basin-scale restoration initiatives: a review.  

PubMed

The integration of ecosystem services in ecological restoration projects presents an opportunity for enhancing benefits to human livelihood and funding sources as well as generating public support for such initiatives. This study reviewed the global trends in integrating ecosystem services in basin-scale restoration projects through bibliographic analysis. Few studies appear to incorporate ecosystem services, possibly due to the inconsistency and absence of the use of universally accepted classifications. Our review notes an increasing trend from 2006 onward toward the inclusion and citation of this concept, although its use is still limited. In this review, the supporting service was found to be the most cited (8), followed by regulatory (3), cultural (1) and provisioning (1) services. Identifying the number of services related to a restoration action was problematic when the services were not explicitly cited. We identify opportunities for increased integration of ecosystem services in basin-scale restoration projects, suggesting a conceptual framework following from new hierarchical maps. This is based on congruence between degrading processes or threat maps (e.g., thresholds of impacts) and ecosystem service maps. The resultant map will facilitate the targeting of threatened service supply at different scales from the basin scale to the scale of the restoration site. We urge the scientific community to standardize definitions and create methodologies and software tools that facilitate the incorporation of ecosystem services in large-scale restoration plans. PMID:22813855

Trabucchi, Mattia; Ntshotsho, Phumza; O'Farrell, Patrick; Comín, Francisco A

2012-07-20

137

76 FR 76122 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION...Performance Review Board AGENCY: Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation...SUMMARY: This notice announces a change in the membership of the Senior...Performance Review Board for the Chemical Safety and Hazard...

2011-12-06

138

78 FR 57837 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION...Performance Review Board AGENCY: Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation...SUMMARY: This notice announces a change in the membership of the Senior...Performance Review Board for the Chemical Safety and Hazard...

2013-09-20

139

76 FR 30646 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION...Performance Review Board AGENCY: Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation...SUMMARY: This notice announces a change in the membership of the Senior...Performance Review Board for the Chemical Safety and Hazard...

2011-05-26

140

75 FR 1028 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION...Performance Review Board AGENCY: Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation...SUMMARY: This notice announces a change in the membership of the Senior...Performance Review Board for the Chemical Safety and Hazard...

2010-01-08

141

77 FR 54570 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Technical and Information Services, United States Access Board; Barry S. Socks, Chief Operating Officer, National Capital Planning...and Hazard Investigation Board. Dated: August 29, 2012. Peter S. Winokur, Chairman. [FR Doc. 2012-21726 Filed...

2012-09-05

142

Professional Perspectives About Pharmacogenetic Testing and Managing Ancillary Findings  

PubMed Central

Aims: Pharmacogenetic (PGx) tests, intended to inform therapeutic decision making through prediction of patient likelihood to respond to or experience an adverse effect from a specific treatment, may also generate ancillary, or incidental, disease information unrelated to the purpose for which the test was ordered. To assess attitudes toward PGx testing, ancillary disease risk information, and related clinical issues, we conducted a series of focus groups among health professionals. Results: Twenty-one primary care and genetics professionals from Durham, NC, were recruited to participate in three focus groups (two of primary care professionals [PCPs] and one of geneticists). Overall, interest in PGx testing was positive, though enthusiasm was reserved among PCPs due to concerns about clinical utility, insurance coverage, delay of treatment, and ability to communicate and interpret ancillary disease risk information. Although many PCPs felt an obligation to disclose information about ancillary disease risk, geneticists did not believe that it was always necessary, noting the complexities of genetic risk results such as incomplete penetrance. Conclusion: This pilot study found that health professionals' interest in the use of PGx testing was limited by concerns about the lack of evidence of clinical utility and their ability to interpret and communicate ancillary disease risk information to patients. Additional educational resources, access to genetic specialists, and clear clinical guidelines about the use of PGx testing would greatly facilitate appropriate use of testing.

Tindall, Genevieve; O'Daniel, Julianne M.

2012-01-01

143

Public Perspectives About Pharmacogenetic Testing and Managing Ancillary Findings  

PubMed Central

Aims: Pharmacogenetic (PGx) tests are intended to improve therapeutic outcomes through predicting a patient's likelihood to respond to or experience an adverse effect from a specific treatment. In addition, PGx testing may also generate ancillary, or incidental, disease information unrelated to the purpose for which the test was ordered. To assess public attitudes toward PGx testing, ancillary disease risk information and related clinical issues, we conducted a series of focus groups. Results: Forty-five individuals recruited from Durham, NC, participated in four focus groups. Overall, participants were enthusiastic about PGx testing, though expressed concerns about privacy, confidentiality, and psychological harms associated with ancillary information. Focus group participants believed that physicians had a responsibility to disclose ancillary risk information, but were concerned about managing and coping with unexpected disease risk information. Conclusion: We find that participants welcomed the integration of PGx testing into therapeutic decision-making. Public concerns about PGx testing and ancillary information specifically centered on personal implications of learning such additional information, suggesting that patient–provider discussion of the benefits and risks of testing will be necessary until public familiarity with these tests increases.

Tindall, Genevieve; O'Daniel, Julianne M.

2012-01-01

144

Air Conditioner Requirements Validation Review of Decentralized Automated Service Support System (DAS-3).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report assesses the tactical electric power and cooling requirements of the Decentralized Automated Service Support System, or DAS-3 (AN/MYQ-4A), for the Air Conditioner Requirements Review Program. Systems Assessment Model (SAM) Environmental Contro...

G. F. Brainard A. A. Thompson J. P. Lucas

1992-01-01

145

Review Systems for the National School Lunch Program. Food and Nutrition Service, USDA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal Review is a Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) administered oversight and technical assistance system, designed to monitor compliance with National School Lunch Program (NSLP) regulations, that began in 1989. It is part of the Agency's commitment to...

M. McKearn D. Kriviski F. E. Zorn N. Young L. Greenwood

1992-01-01

146

75 FR 55831 - Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review Board.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...appointed to the ONDCP Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Dr. Terry Zobeck, Ms. Martha Gagne, Ms. Christine Leonard, and Mr. Patrick Ward. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Please direct any questions to Linda V. Priebe, Deputy...

2010-09-14

147

75 FR 65404 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Law 92-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that a teleconference meeting of the Spinal Cord Injury & Regenerative Medicine Subcommittee of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will be...

2010-10-22

148

77 FR 58585 - Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...appointed to the ONDCP Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Mr. Jeffery J. Teitz, Ms. Martha Gagne, Mr. Robert W. Denniston, and Ms. Michelle C. Marx. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Please direct any questions to Edward H....

2012-09-21

149

Criteria and Standards Monograph for Review of Internal Medicine/Surgery Inpatient Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The monograph contains internal medicine/surgery criteria and standards for planning and project review of health services. The purpose of this document is to assist Health Systems Agencies and health facilities throughout the country both in planning for...

1977-01-01

150

The quality of private pharmacy services in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim of the review In low and middle income countries private pharmacies are considered a valuable resource for health advice and medicines\\u000a in many communities. However the quality of the service they provide has often been questioned and is unclear. This paper\\u000a reviews the evidence regarding the quality of professional services from private pharmacies in low and middle-income countries.\\u000a Method

Felicity Smith

2009-01-01

151

A Review of Healthcare Service and Education Provision of Autism Spectrum Condition in Mainland China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about the current situation regarding Autism Spectrum Conditions in mainland China. Electronic databases and bibliographies were searched to identify literature on service provision for ASC in both English and Chinese databases. 14 studies and 6 reports were reviewed. The findings of identified papers on service provision were…

Sun, Xiang; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Brayne, Carol

2013-01-01

152

Requirements Engineering for Hybrid Products as Bundles of Hardware, Software and Service Elements - A Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we compare different approaches and show the need for systematic requirements engineering for hybrid products beyond disciplinary boundaries. Hybrid products consist of combinations of hardware, software and service elements. The purpose of this paper is to report on a literature review on requirements engineering for hybrid products. Each academic discipline involved (software engineering, product engineering and service

Marina Berkovich; Sebastian Esch; Jan Marco Leimeister; Helmut Krcmar

2009-01-01

153

Measures of Parent Satisfaction with Early Intervention Services for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent satisfaction is an integral aspect of the evaluation of early intervention services for children with physical disabilities, yet little is known about the best way in which this should be assessed. This study sought to systematically review measures of parent satisfaction relevant to early intervention services for children with physical disabilities. Sources such as CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE. Medline, PsychINFO,

Medha Khadye; Jenny Ziviani; Monica Cuskelly

2011-01-01

154

Use and Effects of Advanced Traveller Information Services (ATIS): A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid technological developments in the field of personal communication services probe visions of a next generation in Advanced Traveller Information Services (ATIS). These technological developments provoke a renewed interest in the use and effect of such next?generation ATIS among academia as well as practitioners. To understand better the potential use and effects of such next?generation ATIS, a thorough review is

Caspar G. Chorus; Eric J. E. Molin; Bert Van Wee

2006-01-01

155

Our Children are Waiting for Adoptive Homes: A Review of New York State Adoption Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The history and current problems of adoption services provided by the state of New York are discussed. First, statutory reforms since the creation in 1968 of the nation's first statewide adoption subsidy program are reviewed and adoption services aimed at providing permanent homes for children in foster care are described. Subsequently, the…

Pisani, Joseph R.

156

77 FR 18306 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Airline Service Quality Performance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activity Under OMB Review; Airline Service Quality Performance...Cecelia Robinson, Office of Airline Information, RTS-42, Room...Approval No. 2138-0041. Title: Airline Service Quality Performance...ripple effects of delays at hub airports. The data can be...

2012-03-27

157

77 FR 33808 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review: Airline Service Quality Performance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activity Under OMB Review: Airline Service Quality Performance...Cecelia Robinson, Office of Airline Information, RTS-42, Room...Approval No. 2138-0041 Title: Airline Service Quality Performance -Part...ripple effects of delays at hub airports. The data can be...

2012-06-07

158

Citizens, co-producers, customers, clients, captives? A critical review of consumerism and public services1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumerism and choice have become prominent ideas in the design and delivery of public services. Often perceived as a way to improve the quality and value of public services, potential downsides and areas of concern that relate to a consumerist approach are frequently ignored. This review essay takes a critical stance on the application of a consumerist discourse to public

Tobias Jung

2010-01-01

159

Review of service delivery and organisational research focused on prisoners with mental disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a structured review of the service development and organisational (SDO) research literature focused on prisoners with mental disorders. A large number of databases were searched, using a combined free-text and thesaurus approach. Papers were included if they had been published since 1983, were written in English, and contained research findings. Commentaries or descriptions of local service innovation

Charlie Brooker; Julie Repper; Coral Sirdifield; Dina Gojkovic

2009-01-01

160

Strength-Based Mentoring in Pre-Service Teacher Education: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to better prepare pre-service teachers for potential challenges in their first year of teaching, it is critical for both teacher educators and supervising teachers to provide strategies to strengthen pre-service teachers' beliefs and maintain their motivation. In this article, strengths-based theories are reviewed to provide a discussion…

He, Ye

2009-01-01

161

75 FR 55816 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Chief of Staff. James Burch--Deputy Inspector...Audit Services. Patrick Howard--Deputy Assistant...for Investigations. James Gaughran--Deputy Assistant...the Inspector General. James O'Neill--Assistant...219-1351. Robert C. Erickson--Deputy...

2010-09-14

162

A Counseling Service's Review of a General Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|UCLA's Academic Counseling Service studied the university's general education program. Ways in which a general education curriculum can be modified so that students can acquire requisite academic skills that will help them beyond their college years are discussed. (Author/MLW)|

Handel, Stephen J.; Muratore, Jane C.

1988-01-01

163

Quantifying and mapping ecosystem services supplies and demands: a review of remote sensing applications.  

PubMed

Ecosystems provide services necessary for the livelihoods and well-being of people. Quantifying and mapping supplies and demands of ecosystem services is essential for continuous monitoring of such services to support decision-making. Area-wide and spatially explicit mapping of ecosystem services based on extensive ground surveys is restricted to local scales and limited due to high costs. In contrast, remote sensing provides reliable area-wide data for quantifying and mapping ecosystem services at comparatively low costs, and with the option of fast, frequent, and continuous observations for monitoring. In this paper, we review relevant remote sensing systems, sensor types, and methods applicable in quantifying selected provisioning and regulatory services. Furthermore, opportunities, challenges, and future prospects in using remote sensing for supporting ecosystem services' quantification and mapping are discussed. PMID:22816512

Ayanu, Yohannes Zergaw; Conrad, Christopher; Nauss, Thomas; Wegmann, Martin; Koellner, Thomas

2012-07-30

164

An Ancillary Pumping System for the APS Vacuum System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ancillary pumping system has been designed and installed in the Advanced Photon Source storage ring. This vacuum system has the ability to pump sectors of the storage ring down from room pressure to UHV. The ancillary system is a ``dry'' system that uses a combination of turbomolecular pumps and oil-free roughing pumps. The benefits of this system are: the reduction of equipment needed for in-tunnel maintenance, rapid response to vacuum energencies, and a guard to accidental exposures to hydrocarbon contamination. The operational logic and the pump interlock and controls are described.

Walters, D.; Noonan, J.; Gagliano, J.; Harris, G.; Svirtun, V.

1997-05-01

165

76 FR 61726 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the members of the Senior Executive Performance Review Boards...Haefeli, Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer, telephone...Shonna R. James, Director, Executive Resources, Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer. [FR...

2011-10-05

166

78 FR 55244 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board; Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...standing roster to serve as members of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board SES Performance Review Board: Christopher E. Aiello, Special Advisor to the Deputy to the Chairman and CFO, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. David M. Capozzi,...

2013-09-10

167

78 FR 5516 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...recommendations to the Chairman of the Review Commission regarding performance ratings, performance awards, and pay-for-performance adjustments. Members of the PRB serve for a period of 24 months. In the case of an appraisal of a career...

2013-01-25

168

76 FR 39926 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...recommendations to the Chairman of the Review Commission regarding performance ratings, performance awards, and pay-for-performance adjustments. In the case of an appraisal of a career appointee, more than half of the members shall...

2011-07-07

169

75 FR 14214 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...recommendations to the Chairman of the Review Commission regarding performance ratings, performance awards, and pay-for-performance adjustments. In the case of an appraisal of a career appointee, more than half of the members shall...

2010-03-24

170

78 FR 28243 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...members of the Performance Review Board for the National Capital Planning Commission: Deidre Flippen, Mary Johnson, Jeff Thomas and Richard E. Tontodonato from August 01, 2013 to August 01, 2015. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Deborah Young,...

2013-05-14

171

76 FR 29013 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...members of the Performance Review Board for the National Capital Planning Commission: Deidre Flippen, Mary Johnson, Jeff Thomas and Raymond J. Wollman from July 01, 2011 to July 01, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Phyllis A. Vessels,...

2011-05-19

172

47 CFR 54.725 - Universal service disbursements during pendency of a request for review and Administrator decision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...pendency of a request for review and Administrator decision...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... UNIVERSAL SERVICE Review of Decisions Issued...Administrator or by the Federal Communications Commission; provided...When a party has sought review of an...

2012-10-01

173

Improving the Quality of Services in Residential Treatment Facilities: A Strength-Based Consultative Review Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This descriptive case study reports on the positive impact of a consultative review methodology used to conduct quality assurance reviews as part of the Residential Treatment Center Evaluation Project. The study details improvement in the quality of services provided to youth in unmonitored residential treatment facilities. Improvements were…

Pavkov, Thomas W.; Lourie, Ira S.; Hug, Richard W.; Negash, Sesen

2010-01-01

174

Health status in the ambulance services: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Researchers have become increasingly aware that ambulance personnel may be at risk of developing work-related health problems. This article systematically explores the literature on health problems and work-related and individual health predictors in the ambulance services. METHODS: We identified the relevant empirical literature by searching several electronic databases including Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and ISI Web of Science. Other

Tom Sterud; Øivind Ekeberg; Erlend Hem

2006-01-01

175

Consumer attitudes toward transit service: an interpretive review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation improvement policy should concentrate investment in transit operations consistent with consumer concerns. Responses to travel time, reliability, convenience, comfort, safety, cost, and service factors were surveyed to ascertain traveler attitudes. The survey concludes that changes made should improve reliability, reduce out-of-vehicle time, and in-vehicle standing. More riders can be attracted by raising auto and parking fees than by lowering

Martin Wachs

1976-01-01

176

Financial Report of Ontario Universities 1995-96. Ancillary Enterprises.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This supplementary volume has been compiled from submissions prepared by each of the provincially assisted universities and federated and affiliated colleges of Ontario (Canada). The information in this volume provides further details concerning sources of revenue and types of expenses as reported for various ancillary operations. These include…

Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

177

Variograms of Ancillary Data to Aid Sampling for Soil Surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide reliable estimates for mapping soil properties for precision agriculture requires intensive sampling and costly laboratory analyses. If the spatial structure of ancillary data, such as yield, digital information from aerial photographs, and soil electrical conductivity (EC) measurements, relates to that of soil properties they could be used to guide the sampling intensity for soil surveys. Variograms of permanent

Ruth Kerry; Margaret A. Oliver

2003-01-01

178

The effectiveness of NHS smoking cessation services: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To analyse evidence on the effectiveness of intensive NHS treatments for smoking cessation in helping smokers to quit. Methods A systematic review of studies published between 1990 and 2007. Electronic databases were searched for published studies. Unpublished reports were identified from the national research register and experts. Results Twenty studies were included. They suggest that intensive NHS treatments for

Linda Bauld; Kirsten Bell; Lucy McCullough; Lindsay Richardson; Lorraine Greaves

2009-01-01

179

Citizen Review Panels for Child Protective Services: A National Profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizen Review Panels (CRPs) for Child Protective Serv- ices are groups of citizen-volunteers throughout the United States who are federally mandated to evaluate local and state child protection systems. This study pres- ents a profile of 332 CRP members in 20 states with re- gards to their demographic information, length of time on the panel, and attitudes regarding the variables

Blake L. Jones; David Royse

180

Medicare Prospective Reimbursement for Mental Health Services: A Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature evaluating appropriateness of Medicare's prospective payment system (PPS) through Diagnostic-Related Groups (DRGs), since its implementation in 1983, for psychiatric care. Cites shortcomings that make the system untenable for mental health care, including lack of homogeneity of DRGs, inability to predict length of stay, and…

Holcomb, William R.; Thompson, Warren A.

1988-01-01

181

Ancillary imaging techniques and adenoma detection.  

PubMed

Advancements in image technology have allowed recognition of mucosal architecture in more detail and may improve adenoma detection. This review provides a technical overview on individual imaging technologies and their effect on detection of adenomas. Only high-definition endoscopy has been shown to improve detection of small adenomas. None of the digital chromoendoscopy technologies improves adenoma detection. Limited studies on autoimmunfluorescence imaging in conjunction with high-definition endoscopy may improve detection of small adenomas. PMID:23931859

Hussain, Zilla H; Pohl, Heiko

2013-09-01

182

Reducing needlestick injuries: a review of a community service.  

PubMed

Community nurses provide care to patients in a variety of settings; for example, health centres, community hospitals, patients' homes, and residential and nursing homes. Administering intramuscular (IM)injections to patients in the community is an everyday activity for many nurses in clinical practice. A great deal of problems related to being 'sharps safe' are common to both community nurses and hospital staff. There had been a reported six needlestick injuries (NSIs) from community clinics administering depot IM injections, which required a review. An audit of practice was undertaken in clinics administering depot injections. The audit was undertaken to monitor compliance in sharps management and investigated how community nurses were administering IM injections. The review highlighted a lack of resources, gaps in knowledge and training deficits. The infection prevention and control nurses worked hard to improve practices and procedures. After a year, there had been a significant reduction in NSIs. PMID:22629591

Aziz, Ann-Marie

183

National review of maternity services 2008: women influencing change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  In 2009 the Australian government announced a major program of reform with the move to primary maternity care. The reform\\u000a agenda represents a dramatic change to maternity care provision in a society that has embraced technology across all aspects\\u000a of life including childbirth.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A critical discourse analysis of selected submissions in the consultation process to the national review of maternity

Meredith J McIntyre; Karen Francis; Ysanne Chapman

2011-01-01

184

A systematic review of different models of home and community care services for older persons  

PubMed Central

Background Costs and consumer preference have led to a shift from the long-term institutional care of aged older people to home and community based care. The aim of this review is to evaluate the outcomes of case managed, integrated or consumer directed home and community care services for older persons, including those with dementia. Methods A systematic review was conducted of non-medical home and community care services for frail older persons. MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, AgeLine, Scopus and PubMed were searched from 1994 to May 2009. Two researchers independently reviewed search results. Results Thirty five papers were included in this review. Evidence from randomized controlled trials showed that case management improves function and appropriate use of medications, increases use of community services and reduces nursing home admission. Evidence, mostly from non-randomized trials, showed that integrated care increases service use; randomized trials reported that integrated care does not improve clinical outcomes. The lowest quality evidence was for consumer directed care which appears to increase satisfaction with care and community service use but has little effect on clinical outcomes. Studies were heterogeneous in methodology and results were not consistent. Conclusions The outcomes of each model of care differ and correspond to the model's focus. Combining key elements of all three models may maximize outcomes.

2011-01-01

185

Evidence for substance abuse services and policy research: a systematic review of national databases.  

PubMed

We reviewed 39 national government- and nongovernment-sponsored data sets related to substance addiction policy. These data sets describe patients with substance use disorders (SUDs), treatment providers and the services they offer, and/or expenditures on treatment. Findings indicate the availability of reliable data on the prevalence of SUD and the characteristics of specialty treatment facilities, but meager data on financing and services. Gaps in information might be filled through agency collaboration to redesign, coordinate, and augment existing substance abuse and general health surveys. Despite noted gaps, these data sets represent an unusually rich set of resources for health services and policy research. PMID:19126788

Coffey, Rosanna M; Levit, Katharine R; Kassed, Cheryl A; McLellan, A Thomas; Chalk, Mady; Brady, Thomas M; Vandivort-Warren, Rita

2009-01-06

186

Delivery of health services in Arab countries: a review.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the essential components of health care delivery systems in Arab countries and their development over the past 3 decades. The changes and challenges which evolved during the last half of the 20th century have had a significant impact on health systems and on health outcomes. An adequate network of hospitals and primary health care facilities has been established in most Arab countries of the Region. The increased participation of civil society has impacted positively on health systems. However, the main challenge is represented by the move towards market economies. In many developing economies, macroeconomic reforms have often necessitated cuts in public spending on social sectors. Cost-sharing policies have been implemented in order to compensate for diminishing government budgets allocated to health. However, this is not to minimize the enormous strides that have been made in all countries nor the important challenges that need to be addressed. PMID:23301398

Kronfol, N M

2012-12-01

187

Fire risk mapping using satellite imagery and ancillary data: towards operationality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forest fires affect significant areas of the Portuguese forest annually, depending upon seasonal moisture and temperature conditions. Although a large percentage of those fires are not originated by natural causes, there is still a need to develop an effective and timely warning system for fire-prevention. The combination of Earth observation (EO) information with ancillary data of natural parameters for daily monitoring of fire risk, which is allowed by Geographic Information Systems (GIS), offers an appropriate response to that need. The PREMFIRE project was funded by the European Spatial Agency (ESA) for the selection and implementation of the most adequate method for production of fire risk maps for Portugal. The project aims at building a wireless system, enabling its use by fire prevention services in the field with real-time or near real-time exchange of data. We present a methodology to produce fire risk maps using satellite imagery and ancillary data. The approach combines a detailed land cover map and other spatial data sets with vegetation greenness maps and meteorological information to produce a fire potential index map. The vegetation greenness is characterized using NDVI 10-day composites derived from NOOA AVHRR imagery. This methodology is being tested in central Portugal yielding encouraging results.

Carrao, Hugo; Freire, Sergio; Caetano, Mario R.

2003-03-01

188

Method for the systematic reviews on occupational therapy and early intervention and early childhood services.  

PubMed

Systematic reviews of literature relevant to early intervention and early childhood services are important to the practice of occupational therapy. We describe the five questions that served as the focus for the systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions in early intervention and early childhood services. We include the background for the reviews; the process followed for each question, including search terms and search strategy; the databases searched; and the methods used to summarize and critically appraise the literature. The final number of articles included in each systematic review; a summary of the themes of the results; the strengths and limitations of the findings; and implications for practice, education, and research are presented. PMID:23791313

Arbesman, Marian; Lieberman, Deborah; Berlanstein, Debra R

189

The HEW Review of Educational Services to New York's Minority Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Testimony before a public hearing of the New York City Commission on Human Rights in May 1974 by the project director of a projected in-depth review of the delivery of educational services to over 700,000 minority children attending the New York City Public School system asserted to be the largest civil rights review of its kind in U.S. history.…

Gerry, Martin

1975-01-01

190

Monitoring access to out-of-hours care services in Scotland - a review  

PubMed Central

Objectives Changes in the contractual responsibilities of primary care practitioners and health boards have resulted in a plethora of arrangements relating to out-of-hours healthcare services. Rather than being guaranteed access to a GP (usually either their own or another through a local GP co-operative), patients have a number of alternative routes to services. Our objective was to identify and assess the availability and adequacy of relevant standards, responsibilities and information systems in Scotland to monitor the impact of contractual changes to out-of-hours healthcare services on equity of access. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting All providers of primary care out-of-hours services in Scotland. Participants Not applicable. Main outcome measures First, identification and policy review of current standards and performance monitoring systems, data and information, primarily through directly contacting national and local organizations responsible for monitoring out-of-hours care, supplemented by literature searches to highlight specific issues arising from the review; and second, mapping of data items by out-of-hours provider type to identify overlap and significant gaps. Results In Scotland, data monitoring systems have not kept pace with changes in the organization of out-of-hours care, so the impact on access to services for different population groups is unknown. There are significant gaps in information collected with respect to workforce, distribution of services, service utilisation and clinical outcomes. Conclusions Since 2004 there have been major changes to the way patients access out-of-hours healthcare in the UK. In Scotland, none of the current systems provide information on whether the new services satisfy the key NHS principle of equity of access. There is an urgent need for a comprehensive review of data standards and systems relating to out-of-hours care in order to monitor and evaluate inputs, processes and outcomes of care not least in respect of access and fairness of distribution of resources.

Godden, Sylvia; Hilton, Simon; Pollock, Allyson M

2011-01-01

191

Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) ancillary radiometric product  

Microsoft Academic Search

The in-flight calibration program for the EOS-AM1 Multi- angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) includes on-orbit calibration, characterization of instrument properties and a calibration integrity process. One of the primary activities of the in-flight radiometric calibration and characterization group responsible for the MISR calibration program at the Science Computing Facility is to produce a data file called the Ancillary Radiometric Product (ARP).

Robert M. Woodhouse; Carol J. Bruegge; Barbara J. Gaitley; Ghobad Saghri; Nadine L. Chrien

1997-01-01

192

Accounting for ecosystem services in life cycle assessment, Part I: a critical review.  

PubMed

If life cycle oriented methods are to encourage sustainable development, they must account for the role of ecosystem goods and services, since these form the basis of planetary activities and human well-being. This article reviews methods that are relevant to accounting for the role of nature and that could be integrated into life cycle oriented approaches. These include methods developed by ecologists for quantifying ecosystem services, by ecological economists for monetary valuation, and life cycle methods such as conventional life cycle assessment, thermodynamic methods for resource accounting such as exergy and emergy analysis, variations of the ecological footprint approach, and human appropriation of net primary productivity. Each approach has its strengths: economic methods are able to quantify the value of cultural services; LCA considers emissions and assesses their impact; emergy accounts for supporting services in terms of cumulative exergy; and ecological footprint is intuitively appealing and considers biocapacity. However, no method is able to consider all the ecosystem services, often due to the desire to aggregate all resources in terms of a single unit. This review shows that comprehensive accounting for ecosystem services in LCA requires greater integration among existing methods, hierarchical schemes for interpreting results via multiple levels of aggregation, and greater understanding of the role of ecosystems in supporting human activities. These present many research opportunities that must be addressed to meet the challenges of sustainability. PMID:20178382

Zhang, Yi; Singh, Shweta; Bakshi, Bhavik R

2010-04-01

193

Applications of Telecommunications Technology to Services for Individuals with Disabilities. Rehabilitation Research Review #7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper reviews 268 studies and publications (dated from 1975 to 1983) related to the application of telecommunications technology to rehabilitation. Technologies examined were applications of television (cable, closed circuit, interactive, instructional television, fixed service, and broadcast); satellite; radio; and telephone. Documents are…

Bruyere, Suzanne M.

194

Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on

C. T. J. Hulshof; J. H. A. M. Verbeek; F. J. van Dijk; W. E. van der Weide; I. T. J. Braam

1999-01-01

195

Review of radiological surveys of the General Services Administration's Raritan Depot in Edison, New Jersey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report reviews two recent radiological surveys of the General Services Administration (GSA) Raritan Depot in Edison, New Jersey, that were conducted after somewhat elevated levels of radiation were detected within a depot building. The first survey indicated gamma radiation levels were higher than natural background levels in some buildings and identified the probable source of the radiation as gypsum-like

C. L. Herzenberg; R. C. Winter

1986-01-01

196

Evidence for Substance Abuse Services and Policy Research: A Systematic Review of National Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We reviewed 39 national government- and nongovernment-sponsored data sets related to substance addiction policy. These data sets describe patients with substance use disorders (SUDs), treatment providers and the services they offer, and/or expenditures on treatment. Findings indicate the availability of reliable data on the prevalence of SUD and…

Coffey, Rosanna M.; Levit, Katharine R.; Kassed, Cheryl A.; McLellan, A. Thomas; Chalk, Mady; Brady, Thomas M.; Vandivort-Warren, Rita

2009-01-01

197

Test Review: Roberts, G. E., & Gruber, C. (2005). "Roberts-2." Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a review of Roberts-2, an individually administered narrative measure published by Western Psychological Services. Roberts-2 is a substantial revision of the earlier version of this measure, the Roberts Apperception Test for Children (RATC; McArthur & Roberts, 1982). Roberts-2 is composed of 16 stimulus cards that direct…

Flanagan, Rosemary

2008-01-01

198

Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions of the Benefits of Peer Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper draws initially on theoretical literature describing schools and universities as, necessarily, dialogic learning communities, which is then applied to an investigation into the use of peer review in teacher education in an Australian university. The empirical research described was completed with pre-service teachers of religious…

Buchanan, Michael T.; Stern, Julian

2012-01-01

199

Enhancing the Resilience of Young Single Mothers of Color: A Review of Programs and Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within the last decade, births to unmarried women in the United States have risen dramatically, presenting challenges for young women to complete high school and attend college. This article presents a review of programs and services designed to support single mothers in completing high school and accessing postsecondary education. We highlight…

Romo, Laura F.; Segura, Denise A.

2010-01-01

200

The development of one-stop wide-awake dupuytren's fasciectomy service: a retrospective review  

PubMed Central

Objectives To detail the transition to a totally one-stop wide-awake (OSWA) Dupuytren's contracture surgical service. Design Retrospective review of Dupuytren's component of last 1000 OSWA cases. Setting The UK's first totally one-stop wide-awake orthopaedic service. Participants 270 patients with Dupuytren's contracture out of the last 1000 OSWA cases. Main outcome measures Surgical outcomes, patient satisfaction and cost-effectiveness and efficiency. Results The OSWA Dupuytren's model is safe, efficient and effective; with a low complication rate, extremely high patient satisfaction; and cost-savings to the nhs of £2500 per case treated. The service saved the NHS approximately £675,000 for the 270 cases presented. Conclusions A totally one-stop wide-awake Dupuytren's Contracture service is practicable and feasible alternative to the conventional treatment pathway, with benefits in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

Bismil, QMK; Bismil, MSK; Bismil, Annamma; Neathey, Julia; Gadd, Judith; Roberts, Sue; Brewster, Jennifer

2012-01-01

201

An international review of the patterns and determinants of health service utilisation by adult cancer survivors  

PubMed Central

Background There is a need to review factors related to health service utilisation by the increasing number of cancer survivors in order to inform care planning and the organisation and delivery of services. Methods Studies were identified via systematic searches of Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Social Science Citation Index and the SEER-MEDICARE library. Methodological quality was assessed using STROBE; and the Andersen Behavioural Model was used as a framework to structure, organise and analyse the results of the review. Results Younger, white cancer survivors were most likely to receive follow-up screening, preventive care, visit their physician, utilise professional mental health services and least likely to be hospitalised. Utilisation rates of other health professionals such as physiotherapists were low. Only studies of health service use conducted in the USA investigated the role of type of health insurance and ethnicity. There appeared to be disparate service use among US samples in terms of ethnicity and socio-demographic status, regardless of type of health insurance provision s- this may be explained by underlying differences in health-seeking behaviours. Overall, use of follow-up care appeared to be lower than expected and barriers existed for particular groups of cancer survivors. Conclusions Studies focussed on the use of a specific type of service rather than adopting a whole-system approach and future health services research should address this shortcoming. Overall, there is a need to improve access to care for all cancer survivors. Studies were predominantly US-based focussing mainly on breast or colorectal cancer. Thus, the generalisability of findings to other health-care systems and cancer sites is unclear. The Andersen Behavioural Model provided an appropriate framework for studying and understanding health service use among cancer survivors. The active involvement of physicians and use of personalised care plans are required in order to ensure that post-treatment needs and recommendations for care are met.

2012-01-01

202

Quality assurance in medical and public health genetics services: a systematic review.  

PubMed

As genetic services grow in scope, issues of quality assessment in genetic services are emerging. These efforts are well developed for molecular and cytogenetic testing and laboratories, and newborn screening programs, but assessing quality in clinical services has lagged, perhaps owing to the small work force and the recent evolution from a few large training programs to multiple training sites. We surveyed the English language, peer-reviewed literature to summarize the knowledge-base of quality assessment of genetics services, organized into the tripartite categories of the Donabedian model of "structure," "process," and "outcome." MEDLINE searches from 1990 to July 2008, yielded 2,143 articles that addressed both "medical/genetic screening and counseling" and "quality indicators, control, and assurance." Of the 2,143 titles, 131 articles were extracted for in-depth analysis, and 55 were included in this review. Twenty-nine articles focused on structure, 19 on process, and seven on outcomes. Our review underscored the urgent need for a coherent model that will provide health care organizations with tools to assess, report, monitor, and improve quality. The structure, process, and outcomes domains that make up the quality framework provide a comprehensive lens through which to examine quality in medical genetics. PMID:19621459

Chou, Ann F; Norris, Ann I; Williamson, Lori; Garcia, Katrina; Baysinger, Justin; Mulvihill, John J

2009-08-15

203

A systematic review of nurse physical healthcare for consumers utilizing mental health services.  

PubMed

ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: The poor physical health of people with serious mental illness presents a long-term public health issue that mental healthcare services, and their most representative group (nurses), can help address. For purposes of long-term planning in increasing the role of nurses in physical healthcare within mental healthcare services a systematic review was conducted of services and programmes where nurses conduct physical healthcare (such as physical health checks and health education). The most common types of physical healthcare represented in the literature were health education, screening, lifestyle programme delivery and co-ordination of care. Although evaluation of the programmes reviewed were all at a preliminary stage, they consistently demonstrated health benefits for consumers. ABSTRACT: People with serious mental illness have higher rates of physical illness and are more likely to experience premature death than the general population. Nurse-led strategies to improve physical healthcare in mental healthcare services could potentially reduce these inequalities. However the extent of nurse involvement in physical healthcare (such as physical risk screening, health education and care co-ordination) in mental health settings is not known. A systematic review was conducted on nurse-led physical healthcare reported for consumers with serious mental illness (SMI) in mental health services, and their benefits. Electronic literature bases (CINAHL, Proquest, PsychINFO and Web of Science) were systematically searched, in conjunction with a manual search of literature reviews on physical healthcare in mental health services. Articles were included if they: (a) were published in the last 10 years; (b) were English language; (c) involved physical healthcare of adult consumers receiving mental healthcare services; and (d) reported nurse involvement in physical healthcare. Forty articles were included in the review. The distribution of types of care were: health education (47%), screening and/or monitoring (33.3%), care co-ordination and management (33.3%), lifestyle programme delivery (30.5%), follow-up actions to screening results (25%) and registers and data administration (5.5%). Overall, the evaluation of nurse-based physical healthcare is in early stages. Thus far, they appear to have positive implications for consumers with SMI. PMID:23419025

Happell, B; Platania-Phung, C; Scott, D

2013-02-18

204

19. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARDS THE ANCILLARY BUILDINGS. FROM LEFT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARDS THE ANCILLARY BUILDINGS. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT BACKGROUND, RETORT BUILDING, STORAGE, SMELTER BUILDING, GARAGE. THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF THE VANNER ROOM IS IN THE FOREGROUND AND LEFT. A 2000 DODGE GRAND CARAVAN IS IN THE FOREGROUND CENTER. THEIR USE OF THE SHED TO THE REAR OF THE AUTOMOBILE IS UNCERTAIN, ALTHOUGH IT IS CONNECTED TO THE MILL AT THE BASE OF THE WEST SIDE OF THE AMALGAMATING PANS ROOM. - Standard Gold Mill, East of Bodie Creek, Northeast of Bodie, Bodie, Mono County, CA

205

Superconducting generators - Economics, technical considerations and ancillary technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An economic analysis of superconducting generators was performed and compared with analyses by Westinghouse and General Electric. Superconducting generators were compared with conventional generators over a 30-year operating life using three energy sources (nuclear fuel, coal and oil), and including the effects of inflation on fuel and operating costs. The ADL analysis shows that operating cost savings of a 1200 MVA superconducting unit can be approximately 70% of the capital cost of a conventional generator driven by a coal-fired steam turbine. Principal R&D needs for superconducting generators and the limitations of ancillary technology are also discussed.

Bzura, J. J.; Abtahi, F.; Stratton, L. J.

1981-01-01

206

A review of health interpreter services in a rural community: a total quality management approach.  

PubMed

The current focus in health care is on total quality management (TQM), a process that involves ongoing quality improvement and benefits both internal and external customers. In order to comply with the values of TQM, the Griffith Murrumbidgee Health Service set up a team to review the use of interpreters in a healthcare setting. Staff from a number of wards/units filled out a survey sheet regarding interpreter services for each patient/client presenting for service during a 1-month period. The results showed that (i) there was a marked tendency by staff to use non-accredited interpreters; and (ii) staff who used non-accredited interpreters tended to inappropriately assess patient/client interpreting needs and to be unfamiliar with the Health Care Interpreter Policy. The TQM team subsequently devised several strategies for change. PMID:9437944

Giacomelli, J

1997-08-01

207

A review of healthcare service and education provision of Autism Spectrum Condition in mainland China.  

PubMed

Little is known about the current situation regarding Autism Spectrum Conditions in mainland China. Electronic databases and bibliographies were searched to identify literature on service provision for ASC in both English and Chinese databases. 14 studies and 6 reports were reviewed. The findings of identified papers on service provision were summarized according to four settings for ASC including healthcare, mainstream education, private special education, and state-run special education. The literature on the situation of the healthcare system and educational services for children with ASC in China was profoundly limited. There were great financial problems faced by the parents of autistic children which were partly due to the under-developed healthcare and educational system for ASC. PMID:23047546

Sun, Xiang; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Brayne, Carol

2012-10-06

208

A systematic review of different models of home and community care services for older persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Costs and consumer preference have led to a shift from the long-term institutional care of aged older people to home and community\\u000a based care. The aim of this review is to evaluate the outcomes of case managed, integrated or consumer directed home and community\\u000a care services for older persons, including those with dementia.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A systematic review was conducted of non-medical

Lee-Fay Low; Melvyn Yap; Henry Brodaty

2011-01-01

209

Short message service (SMS) text messaging as an intervention medium for weight loss: A literature review  

PubMed Central

Nearly 68% of American adults are obese or overweight. Mobile devices such as mobile phones have emerged as a mode of intervention delivery to help people improve their health, particularly in relation to weight loss. This literature review examines the relationship between the use of short message service (SMS) text messaging as an intervention medium and weight loss. Results from this literature review (n = 14) suggest that SMS as an intervention tool for weight loss is still in its infancy. Initial results are promising but continued investigation is needed. We offer several recommendations for future research.

Shaw, Ryan; Bosworth, Hayden

2013-01-01

210

AN OPTIMIZED DESIGN FOR THE NSLS 53 MHZ RF CAVITIES AND THE ANCILLARY COMPONENTS.  

SciTech Connect

RF cavities are among the most complex components of a particle accelerator. They perform optimally when all electrical, mechanical and vacuum requirements are fully integrated. This paper focuses on the mechanical design features of the new 53MHz room-temperature RF cavities (including their ancillary components) for the X-ray Ring at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). Differences between the new and previous designs of the RF cavities, input couplers, Higher-Order-Mode (HOM) dampers, and cooling and vacuum systems are reviewed. Thus far, two out of four units have already been constructed, tested, and installed into the X-Ray ring, and two additional RF cavities are planned. The features incorporated into the new all-copper RF cavities have already demonstrated superior performance over the original copper-plated steel design. The operating performance results along with some of manufacturing challenges are presented.

MORTAZAVI,P.

2002-09-05

211

University Counselling Service Utilisation by Local and International Students and User Characteristics: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews research on students’ usage of university counselling services across countries and their demographic and\\u000a psychological characteristics. In doing so, emphasis is given to reported distinctions between local and international university\\u000a students. Utilisation rates, encouraging factors and barriers to utilisation, presenting problems, and methodological problems\\u000a with existing studies are each examined. The findings suggest that only a minority

Adam Raunic; Sophia Xenos

2008-01-01

212

Effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  With the move to community care and increased involvement of generalist health care providers in mental health, the need for\\u000a health service partnerships has been emphasised in mental health policy. Within existing health system structures the active\\u000a strategies that facilitate effective partnership linkages are not clear. The objective of this study was to examine the evidence\\u000a from peer reviewed literature

Jeffrey D Fuller; David Perkins; Sharon Parker; Louise Holdsworth; Brian Kelly; Russell Roberts; Lee Martinez; Lyn Fragar

2011-01-01

213

Burnout in Mental Health Services: A Review of the Problem and Its Remediation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Staff burnout is increasingly viewed as a concern in the mental health field. In this article we first examine the extent\\u000a to which burnout is a problem for mental health services in terms of two critical issues: its prevalence and its association\\u000a with a range of undesirable outcomes for staff, organizations, and consumers. We subsequently provide a comprehensive review\\u000a of

Gary MorseMichelle; Michelle P. Salyers; Angela L. Rollins; Maria Monroe-DeVita; Corey Pfahler

214

National Ignition Facility sub-system design requirements ancillary systems SSDR 1.5.6  

SciTech Connect

This System Design Requirement document establishes the performance, design, development, and test requirements for the Ancillary Systems, which is part of the NIF Integrated Computer Control System (ICCS).

Spann, J.; Reed, R.; VanArsdall, P.; Bliss, E.

1996-09-01

215

Domestic water service delivery indicators and frameworks for monitoring, evaluation, policy and planning: a review.  

PubMed

Monitoring of water services informs policy and planning for national governments and the international community. Currently, the international monitoring system measures the type of drinking water source that households use. There have been calls for improved monitoring systems over several decades, some advocating use of multiple indicators. We review the literature on water service indicators and frameworks with a view to informing debate on their relevance to national and international monitoring. We describe the evidence concerning the relevance of each identified indicator to public health, economic development and human rights. We analyze the benefits and challenges of using these indicators separately and combined in an index as tools for planning, monitoring, and evaluating water services. We find substantial evidence on the importance of each commonly recommended indicator-service type, safety, quantity, accessibility, reliability or continuity of service, equity, and affordability. Several frameworks have been proposed that give structure to the relationships among individual indicators and some combine multiple indicator scores into a single index but few have been rigorously tested. More research is needed to understand if employing a composite metric of indicators is advantageous and how each indicator might be scored and scaled. PMID:24157507

Kayser, Georgia L; Moriarty, Patrick; Fonseca, Catarina; Bartram, Jamie

2013-10-11

216

Building effective service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 2  

PubMed Central

Background Primary care services have not generally been effective in meeting mental health care needs. There is evidence that collaboration between primary care and specialist mental health services can improve clinical and organisational outcomes. It is not clear however what factors enable or hinder effective collaboration. The objective of this study was to examine the factors that enable effective collaboration between specialist mental health services and primary mental health care. Methods A narrative and thematic review of English language papers published between 1998 and 2009. An expert reference group helped formulate strategies for policy makers. Studies of descriptive and qualitative design from Australia, New Zealand, UK, Europe, USA and Canada were included. Data were extracted on factors reported as enablers or barriers to development of service linkages. These were tabulated by theme at clinical and organisational levels and the inter-relationship between themes was explored. Results A thematic analysis of 30 papers found the most frequently cited group of factors was "partnership formation", specifically role clarity between health care workers. Other factor groups supporting clinical partnership formation were staff support, clinician attributes, clinic physical features and evaluation and feedback. At the organisational level a supportive institutional environment of leadership and change management was important. The expert reference group then proposed strategies for collaboration that would be seen as important, acceptable and feasible. Because of the variability of study types we did not exclude on quality and findings are weighted by the number of studies. Variability in local service contexts limits the generalisation of findings. Conclusion The findings provide a framework for health planners to develop effective service linkages in primary mental health care. Our expert reference group proposed five areas of strategy for policy makers that address organisational level support, joint clinical problem solving, local joint care guidelines, staff training and supervision and feedback.

2011-01-01

217

McMaster Premium LiteratUre Service (PLUS) performed well for identifying new studies for updated Cochrane reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveWe compared the performance of McMaster Premium LiteratUre Service (PLUS) and Clinical Queries (CQs) to that of the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, and EMBASE for locating studies added during an update of reviews.

Brian J. Hemens; R. Brian Haynes

218

A systematic review of the unit costs of allied health and community services used by older people in Australia  

PubMed Central

Background An economic evaluation of interventions for older people requires accurate assessment of costing and consideration of both acute and long-term services. Accurate information on the unit cost of allied health and community services is not readily available in Australia however. This systematic review therefore aims to synthesise information available in the literature on the unit costs of allied health and community services that may be utilised by an older person living in Australia. Method A comprehensive search of Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Google Scholar and Google was undertaken. Specialised economic databases were also reviewed. In addition Australian Government Department websites were inspected. The search identified the cost of specified allied health services including: physiotherapy, occupational therapy, dietetics, podiatry, counselling and home nursing. The range of community services included: personal care, meals on wheels, transport costs and domestic services. Where the information was not available, direct contact with service providers was made. Results The number of eligible studies included in the qualitative synthesis was fourty-nine. Calculated hourly rates for Australian allied health services were adjusted to be in equivalent currency and were as follows as follows: physiotherapy $157.75, occupational therapy $150.77, dietetics $163.11, psychological services $165.77, community nursing $105.76 and podiatry $129.72. Conclusions Utilisation of the Medicare Benefits Scheduled fee as a broad indicator of the costs of services, may lead to underestimation of the real costs of services and therefore to inaccuracies in economic evaluation.

2013-01-01

219

Home-Based Mental Health Services for Older Adults: A Review of Ten Model Programs.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: The objective is to provide information on successful programs providing home-based services to mentally ill elderly in order to assist other communities wishing to establish such programs. PARTICIPANTS: The ten programs described in this article were selected by peer review from applications for an award given by the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry and were participants in an invitational conference. RESULTS: Eight of the programs were components of a community agency and two were components of a medical school department of psychiatry. Six of the programs focused primarily on individuals with anxiety and depression and utilized a range of individual psychotherapies. The other four accepted patients with any psychiatric diagnosis including dementia and included medication management as part of their services. The numbers served by the ten programs ranged from about 50 to 300 new cases per year, and the staffing ranged from 2 to 13 often with a combination of full and part time. The annual budget for the ten programs ranged from $30,000 to $1,250,000. Budget sources usually included some combination of public funds, philanthropy, and fee-for-service income. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the logistic and fiscal challenges of providing home-based services to mentally ill older adults there are many long-standing successful programs that can serve as models for communities wishing to establish similar programs. A great opportunity exists for a unified outcome research endeavor as well as expansion into many more communities. PMID:23567412

Reifler, Burton V; Bruce, Martha L

2013-02-12

220

Privatization and trade in health services: a review of the evidence.  

PubMed

Health care provision, like other areas of welfare, has increasingly been subject to processes of privatization and contracting out, leading in some cases to an increased involvement of for-profit corporations. Such processes are likely to interact with processes of liberalization at the international level in ways that we would expect to lead to a growth in the international trading of such services. However, health service provision is usually deeply embedded in state structures at the national level, and the form of such structures varies greatly. The degree and type of private involvement allowed for or facilitated by national-level systems defines the scope for the potential development of international trade in health services. The author reviews existing sources of data on the levels of private provision across advanced capitalist countries, countries in transition from Soviet-type systems, and developing countries, and highlights processes of change that are likely to increase such provision. Private provision is growing slowly but steadily in most countries. While levels of international trade in health services are difficult to ascertain, the interaction between national processes of reform and international processes of liberalization is likely to increase such trade. PMID:16320898

Holden, Chris

2005-01-01

221

Adverse selection and moral hazard in the provision of clinical trial ancillary care.  

PubMed

As more and more clinical trials are conducted in developing countries, concerns arise about non-trial medical care available to study participants. Recent work argues for ancillary care - medical care not part of the clinical trial per se - to be formally incorporated into these studies. Although the provision of ancillary care is often justified on ethical grounds, a number of crucial implementation issues remain unresolved, including its scope, duration and financing. Drawing on lessons from health insurance benefit design, we highlight two overlooked challenges for ancillary care adoption - adverse selection and moral hazard - and offer recommendations that could attenuate their consequences. Specifically, adverse selection and moral hazard could be reduced by offering a choice between ancillary medical care and monetary compensation or rewarding low ancillary care utilization. Alternatively, researchers' financial risk due to ancillary care could be shifted to a third-party insurer. Recognizing participants' behavioral responses to prospective offers of ancillary medical care would allow funders and research teams to forecast the demand for ancillary care more accurately and to prepare for its provision more adequately. PMID:22464397

Richards, Michael R; Helmchen, Lorens A

2012-04-02

222

Practitioner Review: How Can Epidemiology Help Us Plan and Deliver Effective Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review focuses on ways in which epidemiological research can inform mental health service development and clinical practice. Data from epidemiological studies can provide cross-sectional and secular estimates of the prevalence of psychopathology to support rational service development. Epidemiological surveys have difficulties in finding…

Ford, Tamsin

2008-01-01

223

Implications of Learning Theories for Effective Technology Integration and Pre-service Teacher Training: A Critical Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review will explore the influences of technology integration into pre-service teacher education programs from the constructivist and behaviorist perspectives for the ultimate aim of improving student learning and pre-service teacher training. A wide range of research is cited, including research articles, books, comparison studies, case studies, government records, dissertations and web sites. The study concludes that technology integration representing

Mustafa Koç

2005-01-01

224

Ethnic Factors in Mental Health Service Utilisation among People with Intellectual Disability in High-Income Countries: Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: An emerging literature suggests that ethnic and cultural factors influence service utilisation among people with intellectual disability (ID), but this has not previously been reviewed. Aims: To investigate possible ethnic variation in uptake of mental health services in children, adolescents and adults with ID in high-income…

Dura-Vila, G.; Hodes, M.

2012-01-01

225

Early Childhood Services in the OECD Countries: Review of the literature and current policy in the early childhood field  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this publication is to provide a review of the literature and current policies of early childhood education and care in the economically most advanced countries of the world. The introductory chapter provides some basic definitions: what is meant by 'early childhood services' both in the narrow sense of care and education services for young children (family day

John Bennett

2008-01-01

226

Influence of service temperature on tribological characteristics of self-lubricant coatings: A review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Self-lubricating coatings have been widely used to reduce friction in moving machine assemblies. However, the tribological performance of these coatings is strongly dependent on the service temperature. In this paper, an extensive review pertaining to the influence of operating service temperature on tribological performance of self-lubricating coatings has been carried out. Based on the effective lubricating temperature range, the self-lubricating coatings developed in the past have been divided into three groups: low temperature lubricant coating (from -200°C to room temperature), moderate temperature lubricant coating (from room temperature to 500°C) and high temperature lubricant coating (> 500°C). Ideas concerning possible ways to extend the operating temperature range of self-lubricating coatings have been presented as follows: hybridized tribological coating, adaptive tribological coatings, and diffusion rate limited solid lubricant coating. In addition, a new self-lubricating coating formulation for potential application at a wide operating temperature range has been proposed.

Yang, Jun-Feng; Jiang, Yan; Hardell, Jens; Prakash, Braham; Fang, Qian-Feng

2013-03-01

227

REVIEW AND PERSPECTIVE OF HIGHWAY CAPACITY AND QUALITY OF SERVICE RESEARCH IN JAPAN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The highway traffic congestion is one of the most important social and technical issues from the early days of motorization in Japan. Accordingly, the highway capacity has long been a major concern of traffic engineers, not only in research but also in practice, in order to alleviate the traffic congestions. Also, the concept of the quality of service of traffic flow and its proper understanding according to diverse conditions are crucial for implementing the performance-oriented highway planning and design schemes. This article therefore overviews the recent research works regarding highway capacity and quality of service particularly in Japan, after reviewing the state of the arts in bottleneck phenomena observed on Japan motorways and highways. And the future perspective of these research fields is discussed.

Oguchi, Takashi; Nakamura, Hideki

228

Burnout in Mental Health Services: A Review of the Problem and Its Remediation  

PubMed Central

Staff burnout is increasingly viewed as a concern in the mental health field. In this article we first examine the extent to which burnout is a problem for mental health services in terms of two critical issues: its prevalence and its association with a range of undesirable outcomes for staff, organizations, and consumers. We subsequently provide a comprehensive review of the limited research attempting to remediate burnout among mental health staff. We conclude with recommendations for the development and rigorous testing of intervention approaches to address this critical area. Keywords: burnout, burnout prevention, mental health staff

Morse, Gary; Salyers, Michelle P.; Rollins, Angela L.; Monroe-DeVita, Maria; Pfahler, Corey

2011-01-01

229

Burnout in mental health services: a review of the problem and its remediation.  

PubMed

Staff burnout is increasingly viewed as a concern in the mental health field. In this article we first examine the extent to which burnout is a problem for mental health services in terms of two critical issues: its prevalence and its association with a range of undesirable outcomes for staff, organizations, and consumers. We subsequently provide a comprehensive review of the limited research attempting to remediate burnout among mental health staff. We conclude with recommendations for the development and rigorous testing of intervention approaches to address this critical area. PMID:21533847

Morse, Gary; Salyers, Michelle P; Rollins, Angela L; Monroe-DeVita, Maria; Pfahler, Corey

2012-09-01

230

Measuring Quality in Emergency Medical Services: A Review of Clinical Performance Indicators  

PubMed Central

Measuring quality in Emergency Medical Services (EMSs) systems is challenging. This paper reviews the current approaches to measuring quality in health care and EMS with a focus on currently used clinical performance indicators in EMS systems (US and international systems). The different types of performance indicators, the advantages and limitations of each type, and the evidence-based prehospital clinical bundles are discussed. This paper aims at introducing emergency physicians and health care providers to quality initiatives in EMS and serves as a reference for tools that EMS medical directors can use to launch new or modify existing quality control programs in their systems.

El Sayed, Mazen J.

2012-01-01

231

Undocumented Migrants in Canada: A scope literature review on health, access to services, and working conditions  

PubMed Central

It is estimated that there are 30 to 40 million undocumented workers worldwide. Although undocumented migration has become an issue of high international relevance, it has been strikingly understudied in Canada, especially with respect to its impact on health. The purpose of this study is to explore the concept of undocumentedness in Canada through a scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature written in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish between 2002 and 2008. The specific aims are to: i) summarize and disseminate current academic and community-based findings on the health, service access and working conditions of undocumented migrants in Canada; ii) examine the sources and use of evidence; iii) identify significant gaps in existing knowledge; iv) set recommendations for policy and research, including considerations on transnationalism, ethics, interdisciplinary approaches, gender differences, resilience, and impact on the children of non-status parents.

Carrasco, Christine; Gastaldo, Denise

2011-01-01

232

Undocumented migrants in Canada: a scope literature review on health, access to services, and working conditions.  

PubMed

It is estimated that there are 30-40 million undocumented workers worldwide. Although undocumented migration has become an issue of high international relevance, it has been strikingly understudied in Canada, especially with respect to its impact on health. The purpose of this study is to explore the concept of undocumentedness in Canada through a scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature written in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish between 2002 and 2008. The specific aims are to: (i) summarize and disseminate current academic and community-based findings on the health, service access and working conditions of undocumented migrants in Canada; (ii) examine the sources and use of evidence; (iii) identify significant gaps in existing knowledge; (iv) set recommendations for policy and research, including considerations on transnationalism, ethics, interdisciplinary approaches, gender differences, resilience, and impact on the children of non-status parents. PMID:19657739

Magalhaes, Lilian; Carrasco, Christine; Gastaldo, Denise

2010-02-01

233

The Design, Delivery, and Evaluation of Community-Based Family Service Collaboratives: A Review of the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review is intended for use by organizations and agencies who are working to develop coordinated and integrated services for children and families in their communities. The information is organized in a framework that reflects primary areas of importance in evaluating implementation and effects of collaboration. The reviewed

Bloomberg, Laura; And Others

234

The effectiveness of M-health technologies for improving health and health services: a systematic review protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The application of mobile computing and communication technology is rapidly expanding in the fields of health care and public health. This systematic review will summarise the evidence for the effectiveness of mobile technology interventions for improving health and health service outcomes (M-health) around the world. FINDINGS: To be included in the review interventions must aim to improve or promote

Caroline Free; Gemma Phillips; Lambert Felix; Leandro Galli; Vikram Patel; Philip Edwards

2010-01-01

235

Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis of the Effectiveness of Contraceptive Service Interventions for Young People, Delivered in Health Care Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A systematic review and narrative synthesis to determine the effectiveness of contraception service interventions for young people delivered in health care premises was undertaken. We searched 12 key health and medical databases, reference lists of included papers and systematic reviews and cited reference searches on included articles. All…

Blank, Lindsay; Baxter, Susan K.; Payne, Nick; Guillaume, Louise R.; Squires, Hazel

2012-01-01

236

Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis of the Effectiveness of Contraceptive Service Interventions for Young People, Delivered in Health Care Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A systematic review and narrative synthesis to determine the effectiveness of contraception service interventions for young people delivered in health care premises was undertaken. We searched 12 key health and medical databases, reference lists of included papers and systematic reviews and cited reference searches on included articles. All…

Blank, Lindsay; Baxter, Susan K.; Payne, Nick; Guillaume, Louise R.; Squires, Hazel

2012-01-01

237

Evidence-Based Systematic Review: Effects of Different Service Delivery Models on Communication Outcomes for Elementary School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to conduct an evidence-based systematic review (EBSR) of peer-reviewed articles from the last 30 years about the effect of different service delivery models on speech-language intervention outcomes for elementary school-age students. Method: A computer search of electronic databases was conducted to…

Cirrin, Frank M.; Schooling, Tracy L.; Nelson, Nickola W.; Diehl, Sylvia F.; Flynn, Perry F.; Staskowski, Maureen; Torrey, T. Zoann; Adamczyk, Deborah F.

2010-01-01

238

Integrating Primary Care Services Into Psychiatric Care Settings: A Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Objective: This review assesses the outcomes of integrating primary care medical services into psychiatric care settings. Data Sources: PubMed, the Cochrane database, and PsycINFO were searched using the key words integrated care, family medicine, primary care, and internal medicine in combination with psychiatry or psychiatric clinic and ward to identify reports published between 1980 and December 2009 in English. Study Selection: Four studies evaluating medical care services on a psychiatry ward or in a psychiatry clinic were found. Trials involving psychiatric services in primary care clinics (the medical-psychiatric model) were excluded. Data Extraction: Data describing setting, patient population, intervention, measured outcomes, and discussion points were collected. Data Synthesis: It was learned that several models of integrated care exist, and patients in these integrated groups received more preventive health measures and showed improved scores on the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey and Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale and reduced rates of specialist referral. Conclusions: These data indicate that placing primary care physicians in psychiatric care settings improves health maintenance, care coordination, and satisfaction with nonpsychiatric medical care. Future studies should further address costs, the training of primary care physicians to deliver care in these settings, and whether this integrated model is more effective in specific populations such as those with schizophrenia.

Strain, James J.

2010-01-01

239

The use of genealogy databases for risk assessment in genetic health service: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The use of electronic genealogical databases facilitates the construction of accurate and extensive pedigrees for potential use in genetic services. Genealogy databases can be linked to specific disease databases, such as cancer registries, in order to increase the accuracy of pedigrees used, and inform the genetic risk assessment. To review the published literature on the use of genealogy databases to construct pedigrees for risk assessment in genetic health service, a systematic literature search was undertaken using 12 combined search terms to identify all relevant published articles. Data sources: EbscoHost, PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid and the "grey literature", as well as the reference lists of identified studies. Of 1,035 titles identified, two papers described a study on the use of genealogy databases in cancer risk assessment and two were discussion papers. While authors of the four papers described the potential use of genealogy databases in clinical genetic services, such use has not been adequately investigated and further research is required. PMID:22806134

Stefansdottir, Vigdis; Johannsson, Oskar Th; Skirton, Heather; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Tulinius, Hrafn; Jonsson, Jon J

2012-07-18

240

Vibration serviceability of stadia structures subjected to dynamic crowd loads: A literature review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a critical review of information pertinent to the behaviour of stadia structures subjected to dynamic crowd loading. It is intended to introduce and explain key concepts in the field as well as summarise the development of current guidance and methods for modelling and assessing crowd occupancy.The review is structured by presenting a field overview and then rationalising the materials found into a standard vibration serviceability problem defined by the vibration source, path and receiver. After briefly introducing the problems associated with dynamic crowd loading, the loads generated by various actions of occupants are discussed. This leads into methods for modelling these activities. The derivation of relevant dynamic structural properties, through both FE modelling and field dynamic testing, is briefly investigated. The concept of human-structure interaction, the merging of dynamic properties of occupants and structure, is considered in depth.Finally, methods for assessing vibration levels are discussed and currently available codes and guidance are appraised in the context of the issues outlined.Further work is required at all stages of the excitation/source (crowd load models which account for flexible structures and large, distributed crowds), system/path (methods for accounting for the effects of occupancy upon system dynamic properties) and response/receiver (occupant tolerance levels) serviceability assessment approach in order to be able to understand and model the outlined phenomena accurately.

Jones, C. A.; Reynolds, P.; Pavic, A.

2011-04-01

241

Integrated Delivery of Health Services During Outreach Visits: A Literature Review of Program Experience Through a Routine Immunization Lens  

PubMed Central

Background.?Outreach services are used systematically to deliver immunization and health services to individuals with insufficient access to health facilities in lower-income countries. Currently, the topic of integrated service delivery during immunization outreach lacks the attention paid to integration at fixed sites or during campaigns. This article explores integrated outreach and risks associated with service integration. Methods.?Published and gray literature in public health databases and on organization websites were reviewed, yielding 33 articles and gray literature documents for a literature review of experience integrating other services with routine immunization at outreach sessions. Results.?The current policy climate favors service integration as a strategy for increasing the equity and efficiency of important health interventions. However, integration may also present some risk to well-established and resourced interventions, such as immunization, which must be recognized as programs compete for limited resources. Experience reveals integration opportunities in planning and intersectoral coordination, training and supervision, community participation, pooled funding, and monitoring. Conclusions.?The reviewed literature indicates that successful integration of health interventions with immunization at routine outreach sessions requires well-planned and implemented steps. It also highlights the need for additional studies or feedback on planning and implementing integrated outreach services in lower-income countries.

Partapuri, Tasnim; Steinglass, Robert

2012-01-01

242

Helicopter emergency medical services transport outcomes literature: annotated review of articles published 2000-2003.  

PubMed

Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) and its possible association with outcomes improvement continues to be a subject of debate. As is the case with other scientific endeavors, debate over HEMS usefulness should be framed around an evidence-based assessment of the relevant literature. In an effort to facilitate the academic pursuit of assessment of HEMS utility, in late 2000 the National Association of EMS Physicians' Air Medical Committee prepared annotated bibliographies of the HEMS-related outcomes literature. As a result of that work, two review articles-one covering HEMS use in nontrauma and the other in trauma-published in 2002 in Prehospital Emergency Care surveyed HEMS outcomes-related literature published between 1980 and mid-2000. Given the broad interest in the earlier reviews, and the increasing rate of publication of HEMS studies, the current project was executed with the intent of updating the annotated HEMS outcomes-related bibliography, covering a three-year time interval (through 2003) since the prior reviews. PMID:15295738

Thomas, Stephen H

243

Self-harm and attempted suicide within inpatient psychiatric services: a review of the literature.  

PubMed

Self harm is a major public health concern, yet there are considerable challenges in providing support for those who self harm within psychiatric inpatient services. This paper presents the first review of research into self harm within inpatient settings. Searches of the main electronic databases were conducted using key words for self harm and inpatient care. There was substantial variation in the rates of self-harm and attempted suicide between studies, but rates were highest on forensic wards. There was no evidence of differences in prevalence of self-harm between men and women; women, however, were at increased risk of attempting suicide. People were more likely to self-harm in private areas of the ward and in the evening hours, and often self-harmed in response to psychological distress, or elements of nursing care that restricted their freedom. Wards used a variety of strategies to prevent self-harm; however, there is little research into their effectiveness. PMID:22340085

James, Karen; Stewart, Duncan; Bowers, Len

2012-02-16

244

A Review of Services and Interventions for Runaway and Homeless Youth: Moving Forward  

PubMed Central

Research focused on the impact of community-based services and treatment interventions designed to intervene in the lives of runaway and homeless youth has increased in the last two decades in the U.S. and internationally. In light of the tremendous need for identifying effective strategies to end homelessness and its associated problems among youth, this paper summarizes and critiques the findings of the extant literature including U.S., international, and qualitative studies. Thirty-two papers met criteria for inclusion in the review. Among the conclusions are that comprehensive interventions which target the varied and interconnected needs of these youth and families may be worthy of more study than studies that isolate the intervention focus on one problem. Also, more research incorporating design strategies that increase the reliability and validity of study findings is needed. Other preliminary conclusions and future directions are offered.

Slesnick, Natasha; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Letcher, Amber; Erdem, Gizem; Serovich, Julianne

2009-01-01

245

Impact of user fees on maternal health service utilization and related health outcomes: a systematic review.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE To assess the evidence of the impact of user fees on maternal health service utilization and related health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries, as well as their impact on inequalities in these outcomes. METHODS Studies were identified by modifying a search strategy from a related systematic review. Primary studies of any design were included if they reported the effect of fee changes on maternal health service utilization, related health outcomes and inequalities in these outcomes. For each study, data were systematically extracted and a quality assessment conducted. Due to the heterogeneity of study methods, results were examined narratively.Findings Twenty studies were included. Designs and analytic approaches comprised: two interrupted time series, eight repeated cross-sectional, nine before-and-after without comparison groups and one before-and-after in three groups. Overall, the quality of studies was poor. Few studies addressed potential sources of bias, such as secular trends over time, and even basic tests of statistical significance were often not reported. Consistency in the direction of effects provided some evidence of an increase in facility delivery in particular after fees were removed, as well as possible increases in the number of managed delivery complications. There was little evidence of the effect on health outcomes or inequality in accessing care and, where available, the direction of effect varied. CONCLUSION Despite the global momentum to abolish user fees for maternal and child health services, robust evidence quantifying impact remains scant. Improved methods for evaluating and reporting on these interventions are recommended, including better descriptions of the interventions and context, looking at a range of outcome measures, and adopting robust analytical methods that allow for adjustment of underlying and seasonal trends, reporting immediate as well as longer-term (e.g. at 6 months and 1 year) effects and using comparison groups where possible. PMID:23372035

Dzakpasu, Susie; Powell-Jackson, Timothy; Campbell, Oona M R

2013-01-30

246

42 CFR 456.6 - Review by State medical agency of appropriateness and quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...agency of appropriateness and quality of services. 456.6 Section 456...agency of appropriateness and quality of services. (a) The Medicaid...of the appropriateness and quality of Medicaid services. (b) The purpose...

2009-10-01

247

42 CFR 456.6 - Review by State medical agency of appropriateness and quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...agency of appropriateness and quality of services. 456.6 Section 456...agency of appropriateness and quality of services. (a) The Medicaid...of the appropriateness and quality of Medicaid services. (b) The purpose...

2010-10-01

248

TECHNOLOGY NEEDS AND STATUS ON CLOSURE OF DOE RADIOACTIVE WASTE TANK ANCILLARY SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the current state of art of sampling, characterizing, retrieving, transferring and treating the incidental waste and stabilizing the void space in tank ancillary systems and the needs involved with closure of these systems. The overall effort for closing tank and ancillary systems is very large and is in the initial stages of being addressed in a systematic manner. It was recognized in doing this effort, that gaps in both technology and material application for characterization and removal of residual waste and closure of ancillary systems would be identified. Great efficiencies are to be gained by defining the technology need areas early in the closure process and providing recommendations for technical programs to improve the closure strategies. Therefore, this paper will not only summarize the state of closure of ancillary systems but also provide recommendations to address the technology gaps identified in this assessment.

Burns, H; Sharon Marra, S; Christine Langton, C

2009-01-21

249

The ancillary-care responsibilities of researchers: reasonable but not great expectations.  

PubMed

This paper argues that, in a community of rights, the prima facie responsibilities of researchers to attend to the ancillary-care needs of their participants would be determined by a four-stage test (relating to placement, capacity, reasonable imposition, and fair demand). This test, it is suggested, sets a standard (and an example) for common law courts that are invited to recognize the ancillary-care responsibilities of researchers, whether as a matter of contract or tort law. PMID:18076518

Brownsword, Roger

2007-01-01

250

To use or not to use. A literature review of factors that influence family caregivers' use of support services.  

PubMed

Many family caregivers of frail older adults postpone or decline accessible and affordable services such as respite, despite their acknowledgement of unmet needs for support and time away from the burdens and stress of caregiving. How caregivers perceive their need for services, and the factors that influence their decisions to use or not to use services, remain poorly understood. This article reviews the literature on family caregiving and the complex interrelated factors that influence caregivers' choices regarding support services. It organizes these factors into four areas: (a) service characteristics, (b) personal predisposing factors that affect perceived need, (c) experiential coping and decision-making patterns, and (d) relational factors. It also examines the implications of this evidence for nursing assessments and interventions with frail older adults and their family caregivers. PMID:23413449

Mast, Merle E

2013-01-01

251

Factors supporting good partnership working between generalist and specialist palliative care services: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background The care that most people receive at the end of their lives is provided not by specialist palliative care professionals but by generalists such as GPs, district nurses and others who have not undertaken specialist training in palliative care. A key focus of recent UK policy is improving partnership working across the spectrum of palliative care provision. However there is little evidence to suggest factors which support collaborative working between specialist and generalist palliative care providers Aim To explore factors that support partnership working between specialist and generalist palliative care providers. Design Systematic review. Method A systematic review of studies relating to partnership working between specialist and generalist palliative care providers was undertaken. Six electronic databases were searched for papers published up until January 2011. Results Of the 159 articles initially identified, 22 papers met the criteria for inclusion. Factors supporting good partnership working included: good communication between providers; clear definition of roles and responsibilities; opportunities for shared learning and education; appropriate and timely access to specialist palliative care services; and coordinated care. Conclusion Multiple examples exist of good partnership working between specialist and generalist providers; however, there is little consistency regarding how models of collaborative working are developed, and which models are most effective. Little is known about the direct impact of collaborative working on patient outcomes. Further research is required to gain the direct perspectives of health professionals and patients regarding collaborative working in palliative care, and to develop appropriate and cost-effective models for partnership working.

Gardiner, Clare; Gott, Merryn; Ingleton, Christine

2012-01-01

252

A quality assurance program for ancillary high technology devices on a dual-energy accelerator.  

PubMed

Our facility has added high-technology ancillary devices to our dual-energy linear accelerator. After commissioning and acceptance testing of dual asymmetric jaws, dynamic wedge, portal imaging, and multileaf collimation (MLC), quality assurance programs were instituted. The programs were designed to be both periodic and patient specific when required. In addition, when dosimetric aspects were affected by these technologies, additional quality assurance checks were added. Positional accuracy checks (light and radiation) are done for both asymmetric jaws and MLC. Each patient MLC field is checked against the original simulation or digitally reconstructed radiographs. Off-axis factors and output checks are performed for asymmetric fields. Dynamic wedge transmission factors and profiles are checked periodically, and a patient diode check is performed for every new dynamic wedge portal. On-line imaging checks encompass safety checks along with periodic measurement of contrast and spatial resolution. The most important quality assurance activity is the annual review of proper operation and procedures for each device. Our programs have been successful in avoiding patient-related errors or device malfunctions. The programs are a team effort involving physicists, maintenance engineers, and therapists. PMID:8850426

Klein, E E; Low, D A; Maag, D; Purdy, J A

1996-01-01

253

Use of computer-assisted rescreening as an ancillary tool to subclassify AGUS cervical smears.  

PubMed

A substantial percentage of women with a diagnosis of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS) on cervical smears harbor a significant squamous or glandular, preneoplastic or neoplastic lesion on subsequent follow-up. Attempts to subclassify AGUS smears by conventional methods have had mixed results. To determine whether subclassification of AGUS cervical smears using computer-assisted rescreening based on the neural network would improve correlation with subsequent histologic follow-up, 91 cervical smears, conventionally diagnosed as AGUS without concomitant squamous lesions, were subjected to analysis by a computer-assisted automated screening system. Computer-generated images were evaluated by a cytotechnologist without the knowledge of the histologic outcomes. Prior to manual review, each case was classified as either within normal limits, no review required; or abnormal, review required. Based on the degree of abnormality, the latter category was further subclassified into either low probability or high probability of abnormality. The results of the computer-assisted reclassification were then compared with the histologic follow-up of all patients. Thirty-three cases (38.8%) had a significant lesion on histologic follow-up. The lesions included 4 CIN I, 7 CIN II/III, 12 endocervical adenocarcinomas (ACA), and 10 endometrial ACA. Based on computer-generated images, 65% of the smears that were triaged as high probability of abnormality, 11.5% that were triaged as low probability of abnormality, and 10.5% that were triaged as within normal limits had a significant lesion on subsequent follow-up. We conclude that computer-assisted rescreening aids in the triage of AGUS smears and that computer-assisted rescreening based on the neural network or other algorithms may be a useful ancillary tool for subclassifying AGUS cervical smears. PMID:10945903

Chhieng, D C; Elgert, P A; Xiong, Y; Cangiarella, J F; Cohen, J M

2000-09-01

254

78 FR 21952 - Submission for OMB Review; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Services Administration...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; General Services Administration...GSA) AGENCY: General Services Administration...to streamline the process to seek feedback...service delivery, the General Services Administration...attention on areas where communication, training or changes...it will not yield data that can be...

2013-04-12

255

Review of Jamaica Public Service Company, Ltd. least-cost expansion plan.  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory has been asked to review the least-cost expansion plan (LCEP) of the Jamaica Public Service Company, Ltd. (JPSCo). The material that has been initially provided to Argonne included: (1) An electronic copy of the data and results from JPSCo's running the WASP electric system expansion planning model, (2) Approximately 20 pages of a document 'JPSCo Generation Expansion Plan', marked 'DRAFT 002', date unknown, and (3) The report 'JPSCo Least Cost Generation Expansion Plans, (1999-2009)', January 1999. It was noticed that the 20 pages from the 'DRAFT 002' document were different from the January 1999 report. An explanation was provided to Argonne that the excerpt was from an earlier draft and that the review should focus on the January 1999 report. Further, the electronic copy of the WASP case did not correspond to either the January 1999 report or to the 20-page excerpt. Again, the reason for these discrepancies was that the WASP case provided to Argonne was an earlier case and not the final one that was presented in the report. Based on the review of the available material, Argonne experts have prepared and submitted to the National Investment Bank of Jamaica (NIBJ) a preliminary draft report containing the initial findings, comments, questions and observations. As many of the comments and questions raised in the preliminary review needed to be discussed with the appropriate staff of JPSCo and other Jamaican experts, a 3-day mission to Jamaica was carried out by one Argonne expert (V. Koritarov) in the period July 20-23, 1999. Besides JPSCo experts, the discussions and the review of the LCEP during the mission included several experts from NIBJ, Ministry of Energy, and the Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica. Mr. Koritarov also worked with the JPSCo technical staff to reconstruct the WASP base case that was used as a basis for the January 1999 report. The first step was to verify that the results obtained after the resimulation of this case were identical to those presented in the January 1999 report. Then, in the next step, the Argonne expert and JPSCo team reviewed this case in detail and performed certain modifications and improvements of data where necessary. These modifications and data adjustments resulted in a new base case that served as a basis for further review and for the sensitivity analyses. Several sensitivity analyses were performed together with JPSCo experts and the results were discussed with the JPSCo management and other Jamaican experts at the end of the mission. Additional sensitivity analyses, as well as the cases for high and low load forecasts, were conducted by Mr. Koritarov after returning from Jamaica. The main findings of the review and issues that have been discussed with the Jamaican team can be summarized.

Koritarov, V.; Buehring, W.; Cirillo, R.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-02-28

256

The influence of social determinants on the use of prevention and health promotion services: Results of a systematic literature review.  

PubMed

Background: The following analysis aims to determine whether differences in the use of prevention and health promotion services in Germany can be attributed to health inequality between different social status groups measured by education, occupation and income and where certain improvements can be made in health promotion and prevention efforts and research to reduce those differences.Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using MedPilot to identify relevant articles published between 1998 and 2010 in the Medline, Medizinische Gesundheit, CC Med, Deutsches Ärzteblatt and Sozialmedizin (SOMED) databases, the Hogrefe, Karger, Krause and Pachermegg and Thieme publisher databases, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR), the Cochrane Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials.Results: A total of 23 empirical studies on the topic of "prevention, health prevention and social inequality" met the criteria for inclusion in the review. 20 of the 23 reviewed studies provided relatively clear evidence of a significant association between higher social status and greater use of prevention and health promotion services. According to the reviewed studies, gender tends to have a greater effect on the use of prevention and health promotion services than characteristics of vertical social inequality. No studies were found dealing with tertiary prevention or using qualitative methods to explore their research questions.Conclusions: Overall, the review shows that there is sufficient evidence for the relationship between social status and the use of prevention and health promotion services and that this association is both significant and relevant. There are, however, a few "blind spots" in research on this topic, such as a lack of studies on tertiary prevention, especially with regards to prevention and health promotion services use among men, as well as general studies on health promotion among men and women. There is also a lack of published intervention studies demonstrating how to better reach the socially disadvantaged. PMID:23133501

Janßen, Christian; Sauter, Stefanie; Kowalski, Christoph

2012-10-25

257

Information about Support Services for Families of Young Children with Hearing Loss: A Review of Some Useful Outcomes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is concerned with reviewing some useful effects of information about support services provided to families of young children with hearing loss and the challenges of providing this information to families. Evidence indicates that 95 percent of young children with hearing loss have hearing parents. With no previous experience of hearing…

Eleweke, C. Jonah; Gilbert, Sharon; Bays, Debbie; Austin, Ellen

2008-01-01

258

76 FR 39926 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits When Deceased Was an Employee at the Time of Death AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel...

2011-07-07

259

76 FR 82002 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits When Deceased Was an Employee at the Time of Death AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel...

2011-12-29

260

Process design principles in service firms: Universal or context dependent? A literature review and new research directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to assess whether process design principles derived from best practices are universally applicable to service organisations or context dependent. This is achieved through a comprehensive review of the business process management (BPM) and operations management (OM) literatures. Our comparison of the existing bodies of knowledge in these disciplines reveals major inconsistencies in how the

F. Ponsignon; P. A. Smart; R. S. Maull

2012-01-01

261

A Review on Learning Styles and Critically Thinking Disposition of Pre-Service Science Teachers in Terms of Miscellaneous Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study was carried out in order to review learning styles and critical thinking disposition of pre-service science teachers in terms of sex, grade and age, and to address the relationship between their learning styles and critical thinking disposition. It used Kolb's Inventory of Learning Styles and California Scale of Critical…

Yenice, Nilgun

2012-01-01

262

Bullying a Review: Presentations to an Adolescent Psychiatric Service and within a School for Emotionally and Behaviourally Disturbed Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the literature on bullying with particular reference to associated psychiatric symptoms and presents data and case examples from an inpatient and outpatient adolescent service and a school for emotionally and behaviourally disturbed children (EBD school). Bullying or its effects do not seem to be a distinguishing factor among those admitted to an adolescent unit. In the outpatient

Gill Salmon; Anthony James; Elizabeth Lisheen Cassidy; M. Auxiliadora Javaloyes

2000-01-01

263

A Meta-Analytic Review of Internalizing, Externalizing, and Academic Adjustment Among Children of Deployed Military Service Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental deployment during military conflicts has the potential to impact child adjustment. As increased numbers of military Service members have children, it is critical to understand the association between military deployment and child adjustment. In order to resolve inconsistencies in the existing literature, we performed a meta-analytic review of 16 studies that report associations of military deployment with internalizing, externalizing,

Noel A. Card; Leslie Bosch; Deborah M. Casper; Christine Bracamonte Wiggs; Stacy Ann Hawkins; Gabriel L. Schlomer; Lynne M. Borden

2011-01-01

264

Assessment of the methodological strategies adopted by food safety training programmes for food service workers: A systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a systematic review conducted to identify and assess the methodological strategies used in training programmes designed to enhance food safety in food services. Fourteen original articles were selected from the Scopus, Scielo and Medline digital databases. The topics most dealt with in the educational programmes were personal hygiene, food safety and best practices. The resources most widely used

Caroline Opolski Medeiros; Suzi Barletto Cavalli; Elisabete Salay; Rossana Pacheco C. Proença

2011-01-01

265

What Outcomes to Measure in Routine Mental Health Services, and How to Assess Them: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Routine outcome assessment in adult mental health services involves the ongoing assessment of patient-level outcomes. Use of outcomes to inform treatment is widely recommended, but seldom implemented. The goals of this review were (i) to identify principles that have been proposed for implementing routine outcome assessment, (ii) to identify the full range of outcome domains that have been proposed

Mike Slade

2002-01-01

266

The Internet and Library and Information Services: A Review, Analysis, and Annotated Bibliography. Occasional Papers No. 202.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This work provides a review and analysis of the literature and an annotated bibliography of 446 sources on the Internet and library and information services. The bibliography is divided alphabetically according to the following topics: academic libraries and scholarly research; bibliographies, directories, guides, and glossaries; business…

Liu, Lewis-Guodo

267

Priorities for Research in Maternal and Child Health Services: A Literature Review - Executive Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a literature review of the publications in the field of maternal and child health for the period of 1975-1980. It deals with health needs, availability of services, resources and special problems of mothers and children. Evidence is deduced that n...

G. A. Silver

1980-01-01

268

Estimating Next Primary Productivity using Satellite and Ancillary Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The net primary productivity (C) or annual rate of carbon accumulation per unit ground area by terrestrial plant communities is the difference of the rate of gross photosynthesis (Ag) and autotrophic respiration (R) per unit ground area. Although available observations show that R is a large and variable fraction of Ag, viz., 0.3 to 0.7, it is generally recognized that much uncertainties exist in this fraction due to difficulties associated with the needed measurements. Additional uncertainties arise when these measurements are extrapolated to regional or global land surface using empirical equations, for example, using regression equations relating C to mean annual precipitation and air temperature. Here, a process- based approach has been taken to calculate Ag and R using satellite and ancillary data. Ag has been expressed as a product of radiation use efficiency, magnitude of intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), and normalized by stresses due to soil water shortage and air temperature away from the optimum range. A biophysical model has been used to determine the radiation use efficiency from the maximum rate of carbon assimilation by a leaf, foliage temperature, and the fraction of diffuse PAR incident on a canopy. All meteorological data (PAR, air temperature, precipitation, etc.) needed for the calculation are derived from satellite observations, while a land use, land cover data (based on satellite and ground measurements) have been used to assess the maximum rate of carbon assimilation by a leaf of varied cover type based on field measurements. R has been calculated as the sum of maintenance and growth components. The maintenance respiration of foliage and live fine roots at a standard temperature of different land cover has been determined from their nitrogen content using field and satellite measurements, while that of living fraction of woody stem (viz., sapwood) from the seasonal maximum leaf area index as determined from satellite observations. These maintenance respiration values were then adjusted to that corresponding to air temperature according to a prescribed non-linear variation of respiration with temperature. The growth respiration has been calculated from the difference of Ag and maintenance respiration, according to the two-compartment model. The results of calculations will be reported for 36 consecutive months (1987-1989) over large contiguous areas (ca. 105 km2) of agricultural land and tropical humid evergreen forests, and compared with available field data.

Choudhury, B. J.

269

42 CFR 414.40 - Coding and ancillary policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) PAYMENT FOR PART B MEDICAL AND OTHER HEALTH SERVICES Physicians and Other Practitioners...interpretation)). (3) Payment modifiers (for example, assistant-at-surgery, multiple surgery, bilateral surgery,...

2012-10-01

270

Professional Supervision of Home Aide Service: Some Empirical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Applied gerontological research of home care service to aged people associates the provision of the service with maintenance of independence, relief of collateral stress, prevention of unnecessary institutionalization and higher contentment. Although these beneficial effects are related to home care, the service is generally regarded as ancillary

Beckman, Alan C.; And Others

271

Involvement of emergency medical services at unplanned births before arrival to hospital: a structured review.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: While infrequent, unplanned births before arrival (BBAs) are clinically significant events at which, conceivably, paramedics will be the first health professionals in attendance. This review aims to demonstrate that paramedics not only attend and transfer birthing women, but also use critical clinical and decision-making skills. It further proposes strategies that will support paramedics manage out-of-hospital obstetric emergencies. DESIGN: The bibliographic databases EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL and Maternity and Infant Care were searched from 1991 to 2012 for relevant English language publications using key words and Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms. Data were extracted with respect to study design, incidence of BBAs, attendance of paramedics, complications and recommendations. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were selected for inclusion arising from the US, UK and Europe. While all studies acknowledged paramedics attend BBAs, seven reported the incidence of BBAs attended by paramedics, and two discuss issues specifically encountered by paramedics. Paramedics attended between 28.2% and 91.5% of all BBAs. While the articles reviewed noted that most of the births encountered by paramedics were uncomplicated, they all reported maternal or neonatal complications. Eight articles reported the most common maternal complication was excessive bleeding after birth, and nine reported the most frequent neonatal complication was hypothermia regardless of gestation. CONCLUSIONS: Paramedics need to be adequately educated and equipped to manage BBAs at both undergraduate and graduate levels. Protocols should be developed between health and ambulance services to minimise risks associated with BBAs. A dearth of information surrounds the incidence of BBAs attended and the management performed by paramedics highlighting the need for further research. PMID:23417265

McLelland, Gayle E; Morgans, Amee E; McKenna, Lisa G

2013-02-16

272

Service user involvement in pre-registration mental health nurse education classroom settings: a review of the literature.  

PubMed

Service user involvement in pre-registration nurse education is now a requirement, yet little is known about how students engage with users in the classroom, how such initiatives are being evaluated, how service users are prepared themselves to teach students, or the potential influence on clinical practice. The aim of this literature review was to bring together published articles on service user involvement in classroom settings in pre-registration mental health nurse education programmes, including their evaluations. A comprehensive review of the literature was carried out via computer search engines and the Internet, as well as a hand search of pertinent journals and references. This produced eight papers that fitted the inclusion criteria, comprising four empirical studies and four review articles, which were then reviewed using a seven-item checklist. The articles revealed a range of teaching and learning strategies had been employed, ranging from exposure to users' personal stories, to students being required to demonstrate awareness of user perspectives in case study presentations, with others involving eLearning and assessment skills initiatives. This review concludes that further longitudinal research is needed to establish the influence of user involvement in the classroom over time. PMID:22296494

Terry, J

2012-02-01

273

77 FR 77001 - Comprehensive Review of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services AGENCY: Federal Communications...CONTACT: William Bell (202) 418-0741, Satellite Division, International Bureau, Federal...of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services, adopted and released on...

2012-12-31

274

Review of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Grant Closeout Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three components of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), are responsible for managing CMS grants. The Center for Medicaid & State Operations (CMSO) is responsible for Medicaid, State Childrens ...

2008-01-01

275

Review of radiological surveys of the General Services Administration's Raritan Depot in Edison, New Jersey  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews two recent radiological surveys of the General Services Administration (GSA) Raritan Depot in Edison, New Jersey, that were conducted after somewhat elevated levels of radiation were detected within a depot building. The first survey indicated gamma radiation levels were higher than natural background levels in some buildings and identified the probable source of the radiation as gypsum-like building tiles that contained natural uranium-chain radionuclides at a level 20 times higher than other materials. Elevated levels of radon and radon decay products also were detected in some buildings. A follow-on survey was conducted to confirm the January measurements and to measure radiation levels at other locations: additional buildings at the depot, buildings on the Middlesex County College campus, and a possible outdoor disposal site. EPA measurements established that ceiling material is the primary source of the radiation. Radioisotope analysis of the ceiling tile material from buildings with elevated radiation levels showed the presence of radium-226 at levels of approximately 25 picocuries per gram (pCi/g); this material would thus have to be treated as hazardous waste, should it be removed. This report critiques the methodology and results of the two surveys and recommends further action.

Herzenberg, C.L.; Winter, R.C.

1986-10-01

276

Mortality from flash floods: a review of national weather service reports, 1969-81.  

PubMed Central

Of all weather-related disasters that occur in the United States, floods are the main cause of death, and most flood-related deaths are attributed to flash floods. Whenever a weather-related disaster involves 30 or more deaths or more than $100 million in property damage, the National Weather Service (NWS) forms a survey team to investigate the disaster and write a report of findings. All NWS survey reports on flash floods issued during 1969-81 were reviewed to determine the mortality resulting from such floods, the effect of warnings on mortality, and the circumstances contributing to death. A total of 1,185 deaths were associated with 32 flash floods, an average of 37 deaths per flash flood. The highest average number of deaths per event was associated with the four flash floods in which dams broke after heavy rains. Although there were 18 flash floods in 1977-81 and only 14 in 1969-76, the number of deaths was 2 1/2 times greater during the earlier period. More than twice as many deaths were associated with flash floods for which the survey team considered the warnings inadequate than with those with warnings considered adequate. Ninety-three percent of the deaths were due to drowning and 42 percent of these drownings were car related. The other drownings occurred in homes, at campsites, or when persons were crossing bridges and streams. The need for monitoring dams during periods of heavy rainfall is highlighted.

French, J; Ing, R; Von Allmen, S; Wood, R

1983-01-01

277

8 CFR 1240.49 - Ancillary matters, applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE...residence. The respondent may apply to the immigration judge for suspension of...

2013-01-01

278

75 FR 13129 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Sales Practice...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Supplies and/or Services With Market Pricing Without an Established Catalog Price AGENCY...Supplies and/or Services with Market Pricing without an Established Catalog Price...Supplies and/or Services with Market Pricing without an Established Catalog...

2010-03-18

279

Delivery of mobile clinic services to migrant and seasonal farmworkers: a review of practice models for community-academic partnerships.  

PubMed

Farmworkers in the US are a medically underserved group, who are largely uninsured, foreign-born, and working in a hazardous industry. This review addresses the challenges of providing health services for this priority population to study the numerous health access barriers that face migrant and seasonal farmworkers (MSFW), evaluates the services provided at mobile clinics, summarizes practice models for community-academic partnerships, and synthesizes the literature on effective partnership approaches to deliver these services. Because MSFW are a difficult group to reach and access, mobile farmworker clinics provide an opportunity for unique student training experiences, in addition to small survey and feasibility studies. A literature search was conducted to identify articles for the review. Out of 196 articles identified by the article databases and manual search techniques, 18 articles were finally selected for the review based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Half of the articles were classified as case studies or descriptive studies with lessons learned. Only three articles were classified as research studies, and six articles were not classified as research studies, but rather descriptions of the clinics only. Many of the partnership models were structured with the lead agency as either the academic partner or an Area Health Education Center. The academic partner was usually a nursing school, and less frequently a medical school. Other service partners frequently mentioned were federally-qualified Community Health Centers, Migrant Health Centers, and health departments. The review found that service partnerships were characterized by collaboration between academic institutions and community organizations, with a lead agency driving sustainability efforts. PMID:23054421

Luque, John S; Castañeda, Heide

2013-04-01

280

Cost-benefit analysis of drug treatment services: review of the literature*  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: How valuable is public investment in treatment for drug abuse and dependency in the real world of everyday practice? Does drug abuse treatment provide benefits and how are they valued? What are the costs of obtaining outcomes and benefits? Cost-benefit analysis attempts to answer these questions in a standard analytic framework. AIMS: This paper reviews cost-benefit analyses with scientific merit so that analysts will have a current picture of the state of the research. It will also give public decision-makers information with regards to the available evidence for policy purposes. METHOD: Bibliographic searches were performed. Studies were obtained through the assistance of the Parklawn Health Library system, a component of the US Public Health Service. Selected studies were from the scientific literature with the exception of eight studies published as governmental reports. RESULTS: Cost-benefit studies have fallen into the following categories: (i) planning models for delivery systems in states and cities; (ii) short-term follow-up studies of individuals, (iii) single individual programs and (iv) state system's monitoring of outcomes. In 18 cost-benefit studies, a persistent finding is that benefits exceed costs, even when not all benefits are accounted for in the analysis. Much variation is found in the implementation of cost-benefit methods, and this is detailed across discussions of effectiveness, benefits and costs. Studies have emphasized the cost savings to society from the reduction in external costs created by the behavioral consequences of addiction and drug use. DISCUSSION: Economic analysis of drug treatment requires sophisticated conceptualization and measurement. Cost-benefit analysis of drug treatment has been a significant analytical exercise since the early 1970s when the public drug treatment system was founded in the United States. CONCLUSION: Drug abuse treatment services may be considered as contributing positive economic returns to society. However, considerable work needs to be done to standardize methods used in the studies. A striking area of omission is the absence of studies for adolescents and only one for women in treatment. IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH CARE PROVISION AND USE: Finding a positive net social benefit should assist policy-makers with decisions related to drug abuse treatment expenditures. Additional work on allocation of budget dollars across various drug treatment services will be needed. IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH POLICY FORMULATION: Government agencies and other stakeholders in national health care systems must realize that cost-benefit studies are an important tool for decision-making. Rational strategies can only be addressed by examining alternatives for the efficient allocation and equitable distribution of scarce resources. IMPLICATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH: Future research should focus on standardizing the methods used in the cost-benefit analysis. Extensions should examine methods related to the willingness-to-pay approach. Studies are needed for drug abuse treatment targeted to adolescents and women. More studies should be published in the scientific literature. PMID:11967433

Cartwright, William S.

2000-03-01

281

8 CFR 1240.11 - Ancillary matters, applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE...removal proceeding, an alien may apply to the immigration judge for cancellation of...

2013-01-01

282

Service quality delivery through web sites: A critical review of extant knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence exists that service quality delivery through Web sites is an essential strategy to success, possibly more important\\u000a than low price and Web presence. To deliver superior service quality, managers of companies with Web presences must first\\u000a understand how customers perceive and evaluate online customer service. Information on this topic is beginning to emerge from\\u000a both academic and practitioner sources,

Valarie A. Zeithaml; A. Parasuraman; Arvind Malhotra

2002-01-01

283

Iridacyclobutanes: Nucleophilic addition to [eta][sup 3]-allyl complexes of iridium bearing reactive ancillary ligands  

SciTech Connect

This investigation concerns the formation of metallacyclobutane complexes via central carbon nucleophilic addition to [eta][sup 3]-allyl complexes bearing reactive ancillary ligands and is intended to demonstrate the potential for application of such metallacyclobutane formation to organic synthesis. The effect of the ancillary ligand on the reactivity of the [eta][sup 3]-allyl complex and the potential for elaborating the targeted metallacycle via insertion of small molecules is examined. Ethylene-enabled allylic activation of monoolefins using the dicationic template, [Cp*Ir(acetone)[sub 3

Wakefield, J.B.

1992-01-01

284

Benthic macrofauna and ancillary data for San Francisco Bay, California, March to November 1987  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Benthic macrofauna and ancillary data were collected during 1987 as part of the U.S. Geological Survey Regional Effects Monitoring Program in San Francisco Bay, California. Data were collected during five cruises at 2-month intervals from March through November. Benthic macrofauna for identification of species and sediment for size analysis were sampled at eight stations. Ancillary data, which consisted of salinity, temperature, dissolved-oxygen concentrations, and suspended sediment, were collected at 12 stations. Salinity and temperature were measured at three stations that coincided with continuous water quality monitors. Abundances and geographical distributions of a newly introduced species of clam were measured. (USGS)

Schemel, Laurence E.; Ota, A. Y.; Harmon, J. G.; Shay, J. M.; Adorado,R. N.

1988-01-01

285

Muscle Contraction and Force: the Importance of an Ancillary Network, Nutrient Supply and Waste Removal  

PubMed Central

Muscle contraction studies often focus solely on myofibres and the proteins known to be involved in the processes of sarcomere shortening and cross-bridge cycling, but skeletal muscle also comprises a very elaborate ancillary network of capillaries, which not only play a vital role in terms of nutrient delivery and waste product removal, but are also tethered to surrounding fibres by collagen ”wires”. This paper therefore addresses aspects of the ancillary network of skeletal muscle at both a microscopic and functional level in order to better understand its role holistically as a considerable contributor to force transfer within muscular tissue.

Bruggemann, Dagmar A.; Risbo, Jens; Pierzynowski, Stefan G.; Harrison, Adrian P.

2008-01-01

286

Managing Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Widespread access to renewable electricity is seen as a viable method to mitigate carbon emissions, although problematic are the issues associated with the integration of the generation systems within current power system configurations. Wind power plants are the primary large-scale renewable generation technology applied globally, but display considerable short-term supply variability that is difficult to predict. Power systems are currently not designed to operate under these conditions, and results in the need to increase operating reserve in order to guarantee stability. Often, operating conventional generation as reserve is both technically and economically inefficient, which can overshadow positive benefits associated with renewable energy exploitation. The purpose of this thesis is to introduce and assess an alternative method of enhancing power system operations through the control of electric loads. In particular, this thesis focuses on managing highly-distributed sustainable demand-side infrastructure, in the form of heat pumps, electric vehicles, and electrolyzers, as dispatchable short-term energy balancing resources. The main contribution of the thesis is an optimal control strategy capable of simultaneously balancing grid- and demand-side objectives. The viability of the load control strategy is assessed through model-based simulations that explicitly track end-use functionality of responsive devices within a power systems analysis typically implemented to observe the effects of integrated wind energy systems. Results indicate that there is great potential for the proposed method to displace the need for increased reserve capacity in systems considering a high penetration of wind energy, thereby allowing conventional generation to operate more efficiently and avoid the need for possible capacity expansions.

Parkinson, Simon Christopher

287

[Activities of the nurse involved in triage/risk classification assessment in emergency services: an integrative review].  

PubMed

This present study aimed at identifying and assessing available literature regarding the activities of the nurse involved in assessing risk classification in emergency services. The integrative review carried out searches in the following databases: Science Direct, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Database (LILACS), and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO). Twenty-two articles that met inclusion criteria were selected. Results indicated that the major attributions of this professional are the assessment of the patient's healthcare status and decision-making, a process that demands clinical knowledge and experience The nurse is capable of organizing the workflow of patients according to the priority of the rendered care and service demands, and stands out as a professional of excellence in the development of triage/risk classification practices in emergency services. PMID:23596933

Acosta, Aline Marques; Duro, Carmen Lucia Mottin; Lima, Maria Alice Dias da Silva

2012-12-01

288

The Significance of Pollination Services for Biodiesel Feedstocks, with Special Reference to Jatropha curcas L.: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of pollination services for insect-pollinated crops in general, and for the major biodiesel crops, such as\\u000a Jatropha curcas L., in particular, is reviewed. The dependence of the major biodiesel feedstocks on pollinators ranges from almost zero to\\u000a low dependence in soybean, through low to medium dependence in rapeseed, and up to high dependence in the African oil palm

Yiftach Vaknin

289

Searching the World Wide Web for Local Services and Facilities: A Review on the Patterns of Location-Based Queries  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Many queries sent to search engines refer to specific locations in the world. Location-based queries try to find local services\\u000a and facilities around the user’s environment or in a particular area. This paper reviews the specifications of geospatial\\u000a queries and discusses the similarities and differences between location-based queries and other queries. We introduce nine\\u000a patterns for location-based queries containing either

Saeid Asadi; Chung-yi Chang; Xiaofang Zhou; Joachim Diederich

2005-01-01

290

A Literature Review of the Use of GIS-Based Measures of Access to Health Care Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing availability of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in health organisations, together with the proliferation\\u000a of spatially disaggregate data, has led to a number of studies that have been concerned with developing measures of access\\u000a to health care services. The main aim of this paper is to review the use of GIS-based measures in exploring the relationship\\u000a between geographic access,

Gary Higgs

2004-01-01

291

Is Telephone Review Feasible and Potentially Effective in Low Vision Services?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Demographic transformations within the UK population combine to contribute to a substantial increase in demand for low vision (LV) services, creating a pressing need to reconsider the appropriate methods for service provision. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of using telephone triage to assess the need for, and timing of, LV…

Parkes, Claire; Lennon, Julie; Harper, Robert

2013-01-01

292

Form follows function? Proposing a blueprint for ecosystem service assessments based on reviews and case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecosystem service assessments (ESA) hold the promise of supporting the quantification and valuation of human appropriation of nature and its goods and services. The concept has taken flight with the number of studies published on the topic increasing rapidly. This development, and the variation of diverging approaches, support innovative ideas and may lead to complementary insights from various perspectives. However,

Ralf Seppelt; Brian Fath; Benjamin Burkhard; Judy L. Fisher; Adrienne Grêt-Regamey; Sven Lautenbach; Petina Pert; Stefan Hotes; Joachim Spangenberg; Peter H. Verburg; Alexander P. E. Van Oudenhoven

2012-01-01

293

Emotional intelligence and mentoring in pre?service teacher education: a literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the emerging discourse of emotional intelligence is discussed in relation to mentoring in pre?service teacher education. Possible reasons for the neglect of emotion and affect in pre?service teacher education, and in education more broadly, are discussed. The emerging focus on emotion in these fields is also examined in light of existing policy critiques. The dangers and pitfalls

Kate Hawkey

2006-01-01

294

Statistical process control for multistage manufacturing and service operations: a review and some extensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing and service processes today usually involve more than one process stages and operations. With an emphasis on achieving satisfactory product and service quality, multistage processes surveillance and fault diagnosis has become a necessity. Statistical Process Control (SPC) methods have been widely recognised as effective approaches for process monitoring and diagnosis. However, most conventional SPC methods focus on single-stage process

Fugee Tsung; Yanting Li; Ming Jin

2008-01-01

295

The Massachusetts Experience: A Historical Review of Reform in the Department of Youth Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development and history of reform of the Massachusetts State Department of Human Services, which departed abruptly from a tradition of institutionalizing young offenders. The Massachusetts approach demonstrates the elements of successful intervention with young offenders through intensive services, community-based programs, small case…

Loughran, Edward J.

1997-01-01

296

Is Telephone Review Feasible and Potentially Effective in Low Vision Services?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Demographic transformations within the UK population combine to contribute to a substantial increase in demand for low vision (LV) services, creating a pressing need to reconsider the appropriate methods for service provision. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of using telephone triage to assess the need for, and timing of, LV…

Parkes, Claire; Lennon, Julie; Harper, Robert

2013-01-01

297

Beyond satisfaction, what service users expect of inpatient mental health care: a literature review.  

PubMed

To provide efficient and effective inpatient mental health services, it is imperative to not only ascertain if service users are satisfied with the care received from nurses, but also the degree to which initial expectations are being met. Ten reports of primary research on service users' experiences, perceptions and expectations of inpatient mental health care were examined to understand what service users' expect of inpatient mental health care and the implications for nursing practice. The World Health Organization's description of responsiveness to service users' non-medical expectations of care was used as a framework for retrieving literature and organizing the research outcomes. Responsiveness includes seven categories of healthcare performance ranging from respect for the dignity of the person, to adequacy of amenities, and choice of provider. Service users expect to form interpersonal relationships with nurses; however, non-clinical responsibilities serve as barriers which consume considerable available nursing time that otherwise could be spent developing therapeutic relationships. In addition, inpatient programming ideas are identified for the provision of better services. Hospitals' expectations of mental health nurses will need to be reconsidered if these nurses are to provide the time and resources necessary to meet current service users' expectations. PMID:19930367

Hopkins, J E; Loeb, S J; Fick, D M

2009-12-01

298

41 CFR 102-118.650 - Can a TSP request a review of a settlement action by the Administrator of General Services?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Can a TSP request a review of a settlement action by the Administrator...102-118.650 Can a TSP request a review of a settlement action by the Administrator...Services? Yes, a TSP desiring a review of a settlement action taken by...

2009-07-01

299

41 CFR 102-118.650 - Can a TSP request a review of a settlement action by the Administrator of General Services?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Can a TSP request a review of a settlement action by the Administrator...102-118.650 Can a TSP request a review of a settlement action by the Administrator...Services? Yes, a TSP desiring a review of a settlement action taken by...

2010-07-01

300

Constitutional limits on federal legislation practically compelling medical employment: Wong v Commonwealth; Selim v Professional Services Review Committee.  

PubMed

A recent decision by the High Court of Australia (Wong v Commonwealth; Selim v Professional Services Review Committee (2009) 236 CLR 573) (the PSR case) has not only clarified the scope of the Australian constitutional prohibition on "any form of civil conscription" in relation to federal legislation concerning medical or dental services (s 51xxiiiA), but has highlighted its importance as a great constitutional guarantee ensuring the mixed State-federal and public-private nature of medical service delivery in Australia. Previous decisions of the High Court have clarified that the prohibition does not prevent federal laws regulating the manner in which medical services are provided. The PSR case determined that the anti-overservicing provisions directed at bulk-billing general practitioners under Pt VAA of the Health Insurance Act 1973 (Cth) did not offend the prohibition. Importantly, the High Court also indicated that the s 51(xxiiiA) civil conscription guarantee should be construed widely and that it would invalidate federal laws requiring providers of medical and dental services (either expressly or by practical compulsion) to work for the federal government or any specified State, agency or private industrial employer. This decision is likely to restrict the capacity of any future federal government to restructure the Australian health care system, eg by implementing recommendations from the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission for either federal government or private corporate control of presently State-run public hospitals. PMID:19998589

Faunce, Thomas

2009-10-01

301

75 FR 72872 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...closed portion of each meeting will involve discussion, examination, reference to, and oral review of the applications and critiques. The purpose of the Board is to review rehabilitation research and development applications and advise the Director,...

2010-11-26

302

Review Responsibilities Under Title XV of the Public Health Service Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Review activities undertaken by planning and development agencies represent the major tool available for translating such agencies' plans into effective changes in the health system in their areas. The development of an effective review mechanism, whateve...

1980-01-01

303

UNDERSTANDING THE ANCILLARY BENEFITS OF CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES: A RESEARCH AGENDA  

EPA Science Inventory

Climate change policies are commonly evaluated on their potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They also have potential indirect or ancillary effects on various sectors such as public health, transportation and ecosystem health. It is important to understand the magn...

304

Vertical Keiretsu and International Market Entry: The Case of the Japanese Automobile Ancillary Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether small Japanese automobile ancillary firms followed the major Japanese automakers in setting up production facilities in the United States. Based on Dunning's eclectic theory of foreign direct investment and resource dependence theory, hypotheses were generated to explain the determinants of foreign investment of Japanese suppliers. It was hypothesized that mutual dependencies between the major Japanese automobile

Kunal Banerji; Rakesh B. Sambharya

1996-01-01

305

Impact of Children's Literature as an Ancillary Component to the Social Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A six week study determined whether carefully chosen children's literature, as an ancillary component to the social studies curriculum, is more beneficial to students than teaching strictly from the social studies textbook. The study's null hypothesis states there is no difference between using the textbook and supplemental children's literature…

Neitz, Lissa Joy

306

Using Ancillary Information to Improve Hypocenter Estimation: Bayesian Single Event Location (BSEL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed and tested an algorithm, Bayesian Single Event Location (BSEL), for estimating the location of a seismic event. The main driver for our research is the inadequate representation of ancillary information in the hypocenter estimation procedure. The added benefit is that we have also addressed instability issues often encountered with historical NLR solvers (e.g., non-convergence or seismically infeasible

Deborah K. Fagan; Steven R. Taylor; Frederick R. Schult; Dale N. Anderson

2009-01-01

307

Empirical study of environmental ancillary benefits due to greenhouse gas mitigation in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a part of the International Co-Control Analysis Program (ICAP), which is an initiative sponsored by the US EPA to assist developing countries in evaluating the environmental and human health benefits of technologies and policies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The goal of the Korea study is primarily two-fold: i) to assess and quantify the environmental ancillary benefit

Seunghun Joh; Yun-Mi Nam; ShangGyoo Shim; Joohon Sung; Youngchul Shin

2003-01-01

308

Review of Medicaid Funding for Emergency Services Provided to Nonqualified Aliens.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In Florida, the Agency for Health Care Administration (State agency) administers the Medicaid program. The State agency reimburses providers for emergency medical services provided to nonqualified aliens under the Emergency Medicaid for Aliens (EMA) progr...

2010-01-01

309

National Study of Child Protective Services Systems and Reform Efforts. Review of State CPS Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall goal of the report is to describe the current landscape of child protective services (CPS) across the United States and the future directions or systems improvement efforts underway within this landscape. To accomplish this objective, the Nati...

2003-01-01

310

Review of Healthcare Services and Benefits for Resident U.S. Virgin Islands Veterans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to Congressional concerns, we fully or partially substantiated some allegations that veterans residing in the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) may be receiving disparate services and benefits in comparison to veterans residing in Puerto Rico. We sub...

2011-01-01

311

78 FR 51275 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compliance (W&I) Debra A. Cunn, Executive Director, Business Modernization, Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Monica H. Davy, Executive Director, Office of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion, Office of the Commissioner Paul D. DeNard, Deputy...

2013-08-20

312

Intelligent wireless web services for construction—A review of the enabling technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vision of intelligent wireless web services, as discussed in this paper centres on the need to provide mobile construction workers highly specific data and services on an as-needed basis, with flexibility of use for the user. With the emergence of high speed wireless networks, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and 3G, and parallel advancements in Internet based technologies such as

Z. Aziz; C. J. Anumba; D. Ruikar; P. Carrillo; D. Bouchlaghem

2006-01-01

313

Things That Work: Roles and Services of SPDF  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current Heliophysics Science Data Management Policy (HpSDMP) defines the roles of the Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) project as a heliophysics active Final Archive (aFA), a focus for critical data infrastructure services and a center of excellence for data and ancillary information services. This presentation will highlight (1) select current SPDF activities, (2) the lessons we are continuing to

R. E. McGuire; D. Bilitza; R. M. Candey; R. A. Chimiak; J. F. Cooper; L. N. Garcia; D. B. Han; B. T. Harris; R. C. Johnson; J. H. King; T. J. Kovalick; N. Lal; H. A. Leckner; M. H. Liu; N. E. Papitashvili; D. Roberts

2010-01-01

314

Planning for the Phase-In of Fixed-Route Accessible Buses. Interim Report No. 1: Review of Accessible Transit Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents a review of the current status of the various planning activities undertaken by the transit systems which are currently operating accessible buses to accommodate the handicapped and elderly persons in fixed-route services. The revie...

1980-01-01

315

Screening for Child and Adolescent Depression in Primary Care Settings: A Systematic Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Evidence Synthesis Number 69.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This systematic review to aid the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in updating its 2002 recommendation on screening for child and adolescent depression among average-risk, primary care populations. This report summarizes the evidence ...

E. O'Connor E. Whitlock M. Eder S. B. Williams

2009-01-01

316

76 FR 5650 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to evaluate merit review applications: February 23--Rehabilitation Engineering and Prosthetics/Orthotics Regenerative Medicine. February 23-24--Aging & Neurodegenerative Disease Psychological Health and Social Reintegration....

2011-02-01

317

76 FR 42167 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to evaluate merit review applications: August 9--Rehabilitation Engineering and Prosthetics/Orthotics; Regenerative Medicine. August 9-10--Aging & Neurodegenerative Disease; Psychological Health and Social Reintegration....

2011-07-18

318

76 FR 26707 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...members of the Committee Performance Review Board responsible...awarding authorities on performance appraisal ratings and performance awards for Senior Executive...Deputy Comptroller, Defense Logistics Agency. All...

2011-05-09

319

77 FR 31016 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Preparation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Preparation, Submission, and Negotiation of Subcontracting Plans...collection requirement regarding preparation, submission, and negotiation of subcontracting...

2012-05-24

320

75 FR 65528 - Membership of the National Science Board's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Membership of the National...Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Announcement of Membership of the National Science Foundation's Performance...

2010-10-25

321

Science Enabling Roles and Services of SPDF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current Heliophysics Science Data Management Policy defines the roles of the Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) project as a heliophysics active Final Archive, a focus for critical data infrastructure services and a center of excellence for data and ancillary information services. This presentation will highlight some of our current activities and our understanding of why and how our services are useful to researchers, as well as SPDF's programmatic emphasis in the coming year. We will discuss how, in cooperation with the Heliophysics Virtual discipline Observatories (VxOs), we are working closely with the RBSP and MMS mission teams to support their decisions to use CDF as a primary format for their public data products, to leverage the ongoing data flows and capabilities of CDAWeb (directly and through external clients such as Autoplot) to serve their data in a multi-mission context and to use SSCWeb to assist community science planning and analysis. Among other current activities, we will also discuss and demonstrate our continuing effort to make the Virtual Space Physics Observatory (VSPO) service comprehensive in all significant and NASA relevant heliophysics data. The OMNI and OMNI High Resolution datasets remain current and heavily cited in publications. We are expanding our FTP file services to include online archived non-CDF data from all active missions, which is a re-hosting of this function from NSSDC's FTP site. We have extended the definitions of time in CDF to unambiguously and consistently handle leap seconds. We are improving SSCWeb for much faster performance, more capabilities and a web services interface to Query functionality. We will also review how CDAWeb data can be easily accessed within IDL and new features in CDAWeb.

McGuire, R. E.; Bilitza, D.; Candey, R. M.; Chimiak, R. A.; Cooper, J. F.; Garcia, L. N.; Harris, B. T.; Johnson, R. C.; King, J. H.; Kovalick, T. J.; Lal, N.; Leckner, H. A.; Liu, M. H.; Papitashvili, N. E.; Roberts, D.

2011-12-01

322

The NEOUCOM Cooperative Cataloging Service: development and review of the first four years.  

PubMed Central

The Basic Medical Sciences Library of the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM) provided a Cooperative Cataloging Service to fourteen of its affiliated hospitals' libraries since March 1978, using the OCLC system. Analysis of the first four years of service showed that the hospital libraries spent almost $30,000 to catalog more than 18,000 titles. Personnel expenses and other costs eclipsed the savings from a 31.3% duplication rate. Centralized bibliographic control control and the principal by-product of the service, a uniform, machine-related data base, provided the foundation for an on-line integrated library system to serve the consortium. The hospital libraries contributed 44% of the unique titles in this data base, which emphasis the need to share resources and continue cooperation.

Miller, D R

1983-01-01

323

The NEOUCOM Cooperative Cataloging Service: development and review of the first four years.  

PubMed

The Basic Medical Sciences Library of the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM) provided a Cooperative Cataloging Service to fourteen of its affiliated hospitals' libraries since March 1978, using the OCLC system. Analysis of the first four years of service showed that the hospital libraries spent almost $30,000 to catalog more than 18,000 titles. Personnel expenses and other costs eclipsed the savings from a 31.3% duplication rate. Centralized bibliographic control control and the principal by-product of the service, a uniform, machine-related data base, provided the foundation for an on-line integrated library system to serve the consortium. The hospital libraries contributed 44% of the unique titles in this data base, which emphasis the need to share resources and continue cooperation. PMID:6860826

Miller, D R

1983-04-01

324

The Integration of Counseling and Nursing Services into Schools: A Comparative Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this comparative review was to examine the legislative evolution of school guidance and school nursing over the past century, in hopes of identifying reasons why guidance counselors have been more successful in compliance to recommended ratios than school nurses. A literature review was conducted including CINAHL, MEDLINE, ERIC and…

Maughan, Erin; Troup, K. D.

2011-01-01

325

Functional design criteria W-367, 222-S ancillary equipment addition  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the designs and performance of tubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). A large number of tubular cells of the porous support tube type have been electrically tested, some to times over 50,000 hours; these cells have shown excellent performance and performance stability. Since 1984, successfully larger electrical generators utilizing these cells have been built and operated; a 20 kW integrated SOFC system operated for 7064 hours during 1993-1994. Results of development efforts to reduce cost and increase power output of tubular cells by eliminating porous support tube and increasing active length are described, and plans to utilize such air electrode supported cells in future SOFC systems are discussed.

McVey, C.B.

1995-02-21

326

Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion: Comparison of Ancillary CT Findings between Arterial and Venous Occlusions and Independent CT Findings Suggesting Life-Threatening Events  

PubMed Central

Objective To compare the ancillary CT findings between superior mesenteric artery thromboembolism (SMAT) and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (SMVT), and to determine the independent CT findings of life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Materials and Methods Our study was approved by the institution review board. We included 43 patients (21 SMAT and 22 SMVT between 1999 and 2008) of their median age of 60.0 years, and retrospectively analyzed their CT scans. Medical records were reviewed for demographics, management, surgical pathology diagnosis, and outcome. We compared CT findings between SMAT and SMVT groups. Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine the independent CT findings of life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Results Of 43 patients, 24 had life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Death related to mesenteric occlusion was 32.6%. A thick bowel wall (p < 0.001), mesenteric edema (p < 0.001), and ascites (p = 0.009) were more frequently associated with SMVT, whereas diminished bowel enhancement (p = 0.003) and paralytic ileus (p = 0.039) were more frequent in SMAT. Diminished bowel enhancement (OR = 20; p = 0.007) and paralytic ileus (OR = 16; p = 0.033) were independent findings suggesting life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Conclusion The ancillary CT findings occur with different frequencies in SMAT and SMVT. However, the independent findings indicating life-threatening mesenteric occlusion are diminished bowel wall enhancement and paralytic ileus.

Wu, Cheng-Hsien; Wang, Li-Jen; Chen, Huan-Wu; Lin, Being-Chuan; Huang, Chen-Chih

2013-01-01

327

Review of Texas Physical Therapist's Medicare Claims for Therapy Services Provided During 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Physical therapists provide services according to a physician-approved plan of care designed to improve or restore physical functioning to a patient following disease, injury, or loss of a body part. To aid in a patient's diagnosis and treatment, physical...

D. R. Levinson

2007-01-01

328

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS IN LOGISTICS SERVICE PROVISION AND WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT - A LITERATURE REVIEW AND FRAMEWORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the ever increasing focus on cost reduction, product leadership and customer intimacy, the need for Supply Chain Management practices rises across many industries. Over the last two decades Logistics Service Providers have become important players in many chains and industries. New challenges arise due to the emergence of technologies. Data and information can be found anywhere, however, to make

Elfriede Krauth; Hans Moonen; Viara Popova; Martijn Schut

329

Alcohol Services for Mexican Americans: A Review of Utilization Patterns, Treatment Considerations and Prevention Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

There currently exists an information gap between researchers and providers of services aimed at the Mexican American alcoholic population. While epidemiologic-based information has surfaced, providing more detailed information on high-risk segments of the Mexican American population, currently little is known with respect to the forms of alcohol treatment most relevant and effective in alleviating abuse and dependency in this ethnic

M. Jean Gilbert; Richard C. Cervantes

1986-01-01

330

Applying Market Principles to the Delivery of Careers Guidance Services: A Critical Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Market principles can be applied to careers guidance services through the concept of guidance as a market maker or through the concept of a market in guidance. The notion of a market in guidance can take the form of a real market or of a quasi market. A quasi market can take the form of contracts or of vouchers. These options are explored.…

Watts, A. G.

1995-01-01

331

Alzheimer's Disease and Down Syndrome: A Review and Implications for Adult Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Neurological changes of Alzheimer's disease have been consistently documented in individuals with Down syndrome 35 years of age or older suggesting a genetic relationship between the conditions. The paper discusses the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, its progressive behavioral impact on persons with Down syndrome, and implications for services

Bauer, Anne M.; Shea, Thomas M.

1986-01-01

332

75 FR 41920 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Airline Service Quality Performance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bernie Stankus, Office of Airline Information, RTS-42, Room...Approval No. 2138-0041 Title: Airline Service Quality Performance...ripple effects of delays at hub airports. The data can be analyzed...Suissa, Director, Office of Airline Information. [FR Doc....

2010-07-19

333

75 FR 21716 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Airline Service Quality Performance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bernie Stankus, Office of Airline Information, RTS-42, Room...Approval No. 2138-0041. Title: Airline Service Quality Performance...ripple effects of delays at hub airports. The data can be analyzed...Suissa, Director, Office of Airline Information. [FR Doc....

2010-04-26

334

Maximizing Child Care Services: The Role of Owners and Boards. A Discussion Paper [and] Legislation Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Development Communique articulated a commitment to increasing positive outcomes for children from birth to age 6 in Canada. Noting that owners and boards of child care programs are charged with providing a quality service to young children and their families, this discussion paper articulates the owners' and boards'…

Ferguson, E. Elaine; Ferguson, Tammy McCormick; Jacobs, John

335

Services for Graduate Students: A Review of Academic Library Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A library's Web site is well recognized as the gateway to the library for the vast majority of users. Choosing the most user-friendly Web architecture to reflect the many services libraries offer is a complex process, and librarians are still experimenting to find what works best for their users. As part of a redesign of the Oregon State…

Rempel, Hannah Gascho

2010-01-01

336

Hospice and Palliative Care Development in Africa: A Multi-Method Review of Services and Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a paucity of information on hospice and palliative care provision in Africa and only a weak evidence base upon which to build policy and practice development. We set out to assess the current state of provision across the continent, mapping the existence of services country by country and exploring the perspectives and experiences of those involved. A multi-method

David Clark; Michael Wright; Jennifer Hunt; Thomas Lynch

2007-01-01

337

Mexican Americans and mental health: A selected review and recommendations for mental health service delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eight working assumptions are generated from the gterature in three problem areas and evaluated with recently published quantitative data, paying particular attention to variation within the ethnic group. Assumptions that Mexican Americans have few emotional problems, primarily use a folk medical system, do not rely on clergymen for emotional support, and have negative attitudes toward mental health services are rejected.

Susan E. Keefe; J. Manuel Casas

1980-01-01

338

77 FR 67171 - Comprehensive Review of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...202) 418-0741, Satellite Division, International...addition, pursuant to the Small Business Paperwork Relief...collection burden for small business concerns with...definition of Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) Service to include...approved for U.S. market access to provide...

2012-11-08

339

European challenges in delivering social services in rural regions: a scoping review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an overview of the challenges facing the diverse rural regions of Europe in delivering social services to its citizens. This is at a time of significant socio-economic and demographic change in Europe. Changes include the impact of globalisation, European integration, population ageing, international and regional migration and restructuring of employment. The uneven impact of change is transforming

Jill Manthorpe; Lynne Livsey

2009-01-01

340

Forest Land Conversion, Ecosystem Services, and Economic Issues for Policy: A Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to use the ecosystem service conceptual framework as a basis for understanding the ecological effects of forest-land conversion, and as a basis for understanding the economic issues that arise in designing policies to conserv...

D. J. Lewis R. A. Small

2009-01-01

341

Paying for Watershed Services in Latin America: A Review of Current Initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latin American experience with payments for watershed environmental services is examined in this article. Interest in the approach is substantial in the region, probably more so than in other parts of the developing world. However, existing conservation payments frequently lack key features, such as conditionality. Impediments to the approach are analyzed, including factors that drive up costs or interfere with

Douglas Southgate; Sven Wunder

2009-01-01

342

Review of ICT-based services for identified unmet needs in people with dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some of the needs that people with dementia and their informal carers currently perceive as insufficiently met by regular care and support services might be alleviated, or even be met, using modern Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The study described in this paper was designed to provide an insight into the state of the art in ICT solutions that could

S. Lauriks; A. Reinersmann; H. G. Van der Roest; F. J. M. Meiland; R. J. Davies; F. Moelaert; M. D. Mulvenna; C. D. Nugent; R. M. Dröes

2007-01-01

343

A Review of Selected Ecosystem Services Supplied by Coastal Wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes  

EPA Science Inventory

Significant ecosystem services derive from the coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes even though they have undergone substantial declines since European settlement. Basin-wide, two-thirds of the original coastal wetlands have been lost, and the remaining 126,000 ha of US...

344

Air Conditioner Requirements Validation Review of Corps/Theater ADP Service Center of CTASC-II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report assesses the tactical electric and cooling requirements of the Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) system for the 'Air Conditioner Requirements Review Program.'Environmental Control Unit (ECU), Systems Assessment Model (SAM).

G. F. Brainard

1992-01-01

345

77 FR 66793 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SES Performance Review Board each year. The standing roster is as follows: Allen, Colleen Brause, Jon Cappozola, Christa Casella, Michael Cataldo, Ann Chan, Carol Crumbly, Angelique Eugenia, Mercedes Foley, Jason Gottlieb, Gregory Gomer, Lisa...

2012-11-07

346

75 FR 13130 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Submission and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for OMB Review; Submission and Distribution of Authorized FSS Schedule Price Lists...requirement regarding Submission and Distribution of Authorized FSS Schedule Price Lists...Control No. 3090-00XX, Submission and Distribution of Authorized FSS Schedule Price...

2010-03-18

347

77 FR 9731 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...evaluate merit review applications: March 6--Aging and Neurodegenerative Disease. March 6-7--Brain Injury: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Stroke; Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic Rehabilitation; Psychological Health and Social...

2012-02-17

348

77 FR 64521 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...22, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barbara Mullen-Roth, Deputy Director, Office of Government Ethics, Suite 500...Review Board of the Office of Government Ethics: Barbara Mullen-Roth [Chair], Deputy Director, Office of Government Ethics;...

2012-10-22

349

76 FR 60840 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...30, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barbara Mullen-Roth, Deputy Director, Office of Government Ethics, Suite 500...Review Board of the Office of Government Ethics: Barbara Mullen-Roth [Chair], Deputy Director, Office of Government Ethics;...

2011-09-30

350

77 FR 21622 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...be closed to the public for the discussion, examination, reference to, and oral review of the research applications and critiques. During the closed potion of the meeting, discussion and recommendations will include qualifications of the personnel...

2012-04-10

351

76 FR 64948 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency. The following persons will serve on the AHRQ SES Performance Review Board: Irene Fraser, Stephen B. Cohen, William Munier, David Meyers, Michael Fitzmaurice, Phyllis Zucker, Mark Handelman, Jean Slutsky. For further information...

2011-10-19

352

77 FR 71793 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency. The following persons will serve on the AHRQ SES Performance Review Board: Irene Fraser Stephen B. Cohen William Munier David Meyers Michael Fitzmaurice Phyllis Zucker Mark Handelman Jean Slutsky For further information about the...

2012-12-04

353

Undocumented Migrants in Canada: A Scope Literature Review on Health, Access to Services, and Working Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that there are 30–40 million undocumented workers worldwide. Although undocumented migration has become an\\u000a issue of high international relevance, it has been strikingly understudied in Canada, especially with respect to its impact\\u000a on health. The purpose of this study is to explore the concept of undocumentedness in Canada through a scoping review of peer-reviewed\\u000a and grey literature

Lilian Magalhaes; Christine Carrasco; Denise Gastaldo

2010-01-01

354

Family-Centered Services in the Neonatal Intensive Care UnitA Review of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a review of family-centered intervention programs conducted in the NICU and supported by evaluation data. Only 10 studies on family-centered NICU interventions published in peer-reviewed journals since 1980 were located. Of these, three focused on intervention with the goal of benefitting the family system directly, six involved parents but the primary focus was the infant, and one

MARION OBRIEN; DEBORAH DALE

1994-01-01

355

On the procurement and pricing of reactive power service in the electricity market environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many kinds of ancillary services must be provided in the new electricity market environment, and reactive power service is among the most critical ones. First, the management and procurement of reactive power service are outlined, followed by a brief analysis of associated procurement mechanisms and a summary about current practices in several operating electricity markets. Then, the theoretical basis and

J. Wang; R. G. Yang; R. S. Wen

2004-01-01

356

The Role of Ancillary Ligands in Iridium(III) Complexes for Blue OLEDs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, new deep blue emitting mixed ligand iridium(III) complexes comprising one cyclometalating, two phosphines trans to each other and two cis-ancillary ligands, such as Ir{(CF3)2Meppy}(PPh3)2(H)(Cl), [Ir{(CF3)2Meppy}(PPh3)2(H)(NCMe)] and Ir{(CF3)2Meppy} (PPh3)2(H)(CN), [(CF3)2Meppy = 2-(3?,5?-bis-trifluoromethylphenyl)-4-methylpyridine] were synthesized and studied to tune the phosphorescence wavelength to the deep blue region and to enhance the luminescence efficiencies. We investigate the strong field capabilities of ancillary

Ho Wan Ham; In June Kim; Young Sik Kim

2009-01-01

357

User charges for health services in developing countries: a review of the economic literature.  

PubMed

Literature suggests that in theory, the efficiency of user charges for health services is related to the level of externality, the price elasticity of demand, the proportion of total costs which are private access costs, and the level of the government budget constraint. Theoretical models predict that price elasticity of demand for health services is likely to be higher for lower income groups and that user charges are therefore unlikely to promote equity, or reduce the discrepancies between the utilisation rates of the rich and poor, 'ceteris paribus'. Empirical evidence tends to confirm the latter prediction but to suggest that user charges in many countries provide the scope for welfare gains for the majority. Unfortunately, this scope is seldom exploited in practice. It is argued that many countries have little choice but to try to exploit the potential for majority gains, but that more emphasis should be placed on ensuring quality improvements than on superficial financial measures of success. PMID:8511628

McPake, B

1993-06-01

358

Use of Qualitative Methods in Published Health Services and Management Research: A 10-Year Review  

PubMed Central

Over the past 10 years, the field of health services and management research has seen renewed interest in the use of qualitative research methods. This article examines the volume and characteristics of qualitative research articles published in nine major health services and management journals between 1998 and 2008. Qualitative research articles comprise 9% of research articles published in these journals. Although the publication rate of qualitative research articles has not kept pace with that of quantitative research articles, citation analysis suggests that qualitative research articles contribute comparably to the field’s knowledge base. A wide range of policy and management topics has been examined using qualitative methods. Case study designs, interviews, and documentary sources were the most frequently used methods. Half of qualitative research articles provided little or no detail about key aspects the study’s methods. Implications are discussed and recommendations are offered for promoting the publication of qualitative research.

Weiner, Bryan J.; Amick, Halle R.; Lund, Jennifer L.; Lee, Shoou-Yih Daniel; Hoff, Timothy J.

2011-01-01

359

A review of pediatric palliative care service utilization in children with a progressive neuromuscular disease who died on a palliative care program.  

PubMed

Recent studies and consensus statements have expressed the need to involve palliative care services in the care of children with progressive neuromuscular diseases (PMD), yet there have been no reviews of the utilization of palliative care services by children who died on a palliative care program. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all children who had a PMD who died on a single-center palliative care program. Twenty cases were identified. Services utilized by these patients included respite care, transition services, pain and symptom management, and end-of-life care. Prominent symptoms in the last 24 hours of life included respiratory distress, pain, nausea/vomiting, and anxiety; however, symptom management was very good. Utilization of services differed depending on the disease trajectory, with respite playing a critical role in the care of children with PMD. Good symptom management can be achieved. PMID:22447847

Ho, Charles; Straatman, Lynn

2012-03-23

360

Review of ICT-Based Services for Identified Unmet Needs in People with Dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Some of the needs that people with dementia and their informal carers currently perceive as insufficiently met by regular\\u000a care and support services might be alleviated, or even be met, using modern Information and Communication Technology (ICT).\\u000a The study described in this chapter was designed to provide an insight into the state of the art in ICT solutions that could

Steve Lauriks; Annika Reinersmann; Henriëtte Geralde van der Roest; Franka Meiland; Richard Davies; Ferial Moelaert; Maurice D. Mulvenna; Chris D. Nugent; Rose-Marie Dröes

2010-01-01

361

Suicide: A review of calls to an adolescent peer listening phone service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calls about suicide to a teen peer listening phone service over a period of 5 1\\/2 years are described. The majority of those\\u000a calling about suicide were females. The phone contacts were of longer duration and later in the evening than calls about other\\u000a concerns. Those concerned with suicide also discussed other serious issues such as selfesteem, family problems, substance

Kathryn E. Boehm; Nancy B. Campbell

1995-01-01

362

A review of selected ecosystem services provided by coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Significant ecosystem services derive from the coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes even though two-thirds of the original coastal wetlands have been lost since European settlement, and the remaining 126,000 ha of U.S. coastal wetlands and ?70,000 ha of Canadian wetlands are affected by anthropogenic stressors. Published information indicates that wildlife habitat, fisheries support, and water quality improvement are

Michael E. Sierszen; John A. Morrice; Anett S. Trebitz; Joel C. Hoffman

2012-01-01

363

Luminescent cyclometallated platinum(II) complexes with N-benzoyl thiourea derivatives as ancillary ligands  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of cyclometallated 2-phenylpyridine Pt(II) complexes having N-benzoyl thiourea derivatives as ancillary ligands were prepared and characterised by elemental analysis, IR and UV–Vis spectroscopy, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy as well as by X-ray diffraction on single-crystal. All complexes were obtained as a single isomer with N atom of the 2-phenylpyridine ligand and S atom of the N-benzoyl thiourea

Viorel Cîrcu; Mihaela Ilie; Monica Ili?; Florea Dumitra?cu; Ionela Neagoe; Simona P?sculescu

2009-01-01

364

Using Ancillary Information to Improve Hypocenter Estimation: Bayesian Single Event Location (BSEL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed and tested an algorithm, Bayesian Single Event Location (BSEL), for estimating the location of a seismic\\u000a event. The main driver for our research is the inadequate representation of ancillary information in the hypocenter estimation\\u000a procedure. The added benefit is that we have also addressed instability issues often encountered with historical NLR solvers\\u000a (e.g., non-convergence or seismically infeasible

Deborah K. Fagan; Steven R. Taylor; Frederick R. Schult; Dale N. Anderson

2009-01-01

365

The integration of counseling and nursing services into schools: a comparative review.  

PubMed

The purpose of this comparative review was to examine the legislative evolution of school guidance and school nursing over the past century, in hopes of identifying reasons why guidance counselors have been more successful in compliance to recommended ratios than school nurses. A literature review was conducted including CINAHL, MEDLINE, ERIC and other EBSCO databases. The results from this review indicate school guidance programs have been included in more federal legislation, mandating funding, education and certification requirements, which gives counselors a uniformly recognizable credential understood by educators. An extensive effort to develop a national model of school guidance has assisted counselors to uniformly show how they impact student academic success. School nurses can learn how to further integrate the school nursing role into education from the example of guidance counselors. PMID:21546647

Maughan, Erin; Troup, K D

2011-05-05

366

Development of a Solid Polymer Electrolyte Electrolysis Cell Module and Ancillary Components for a Breadboard Water Electrolysis System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Solid polymer electrolyte technology in a water electrolysis system along with ancillary components to generate oxygen and hydrogen for a manned space station application are considered. Standard commercial components are utilized wherever possible. Prese...

F. J. Porter

1972-01-01

367

Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings  

ScienceCinema

A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

368

Field Demonstration of the Conventional Steam Drive Process with Ancillary Materials. Second Annual Report, October 1, 1980-October 31, 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the work performed during the second year of a research and development project to demonstrate that a particular ancillary material, surfactant based foam, can improve the efficiency of steam drive. The project consists of basic lab...

R. Bowman

1982-01-01

369

Recommendations and Reports of the CCIR, Plenary Assembly (15th) Held in Geneva (Switzerland) 1982. Volume XI-Part 1. Broadcasting Service (Television) (Study Group 11).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Characteristics of monochrome and color television systems; Ancillary television services; Control, measurement and international exchange of television programs; Picture quality and the parameters affecting it; Planning of television networks, ...

1982-01-01

370

78 FR 18981 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Proposal to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for OMB Review; Proposal to Lease Space, GSA Forms 1364A, 1364A-1, 1364B...collection requirement for Proposal to Lease Space, GSA Form 1364. The approval is requested...real estate taxes, adjustments for vacant space, and offerors' construction...

2013-03-28

371

Letter Health Consultation: Review of Groundwater Sampling Data, Arkansas Fly Service Water Well, Brady, Arkansas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On the basis ofa review of the groundwater sampling data collected on 08/07/07 and 11/14/07, by the Arkansas State Plant Board (ASPB) for commercial well Laffayette-06 in Bradley, AR, the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH),in a cooperative agreement with...

2008-01-01

372

Disturbance ecology and forest management: A review of the literature. Forest Service general technical report  

SciTech Connect

This review highlights recent work in a broad array of studies related to disturbance ecology. This publication is a resource for managers and researchers interested in disturbance theory, specific disturbance agents, their interactions, and appropriate methods of inquiry for specific geographic regions.

Rogers, P.

1996-06-01

373

School Health Nursing Services Progress Review: Report of 1996 National Meeting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information from a 1996 meeting by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Adolescent and School Health and the American Nurses Association's National Center for School Health Nursing. Participants reviewed progress since 1994 on seven critical needs, updated priority actions, determined strategies for achieving…

Brainerd, Elaine

1998-01-01

374

77 FR 28390 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; GSA Form 527...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Regulatory Secretariat will be submitting to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a request to review and approve an extension of a previously approved information collection requirement regarding GSA Form 527, Contractor's Qualifications and Financial Information. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 5020, on......

2012-05-14

375

A systematic review of economic analyses of telehealth services using real time video communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Telehealth is the delivery of health care at a distance, using information and communication technology. The major rationales for its introduction have been to decrease costs, improve efficiency and increase access in health care delivery. This systematic review assesses the economic value of one type of telehealth delivery - synchronous or real time video communication - rather than examining

Victoria A Wade; Jonathan Karnon; Adam G Elshaug; Janet E Hiller

2010-01-01

376

The impact of a supplementary medication review and counselling service within the oncology outpatient setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact on the care of breast cancer patients, of a pharmacy technician-led medication review and counselling clinic, provided in an outpatient setting, was investigated using a controlled randomised study. Compared to the controls, clinic patients showed a significantly improved level of understanding of their chemotherapy support medication (95% CI for difference in mean knowledge rating scores=2.165–2.826, P<0.001) and a

H Read; S Ladds; B Rhodes; D Brown; J Portlock

2007-01-01

377

Perspectives on organisational network communities: a review paper for library and information service managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-mediated communication (CMC) is becoming firmly embedded into library work through the use of electronic mail, and it is likely that computer-supported collaborative working, using e-mail and other forms of computer-conferencing and groupware products, will have a key role to play in the development of integrated digital libraries across sectoral, national and international boundaries. This review paper draws on a

Philippa Levy

1998-01-01

378

Calorie menu labeling on quick-service restaurant menus: an updated systematic review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Nutrition labels are one strategy being used to combat the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 mandates that calorie labels be added to menu boards of chain restaurants with 20 or more locations. This systematic review includes seven studies published since the last review on the topic in 2008. Authors searched for peer-reviewed studies using PUBMED and Google Scholar. Included studies used an experimental or quasi-experimental design comparing a calorie-labeled menu with a no-calorie menu and were conducted in laboratories, college cafeterias, and fast food restaurants. Two of the included studies were judged to be of good quality, and five of were judged to be of fair quality. Observational studies conducted in cities after implementation of calorie labeling were imprecise in their measure of the isolated effects of calorie labels. Experimental studies conducted in laboratory settings were difficult to generalize to real world behavior. Only two of the seven studies reported a statistically significant reduction in calories purchased among consumers using calorie-labeled menus. The current evidence suggests that calorie labeling does not have the intended effect of decreasing calorie purchasing or consumption.

2011-01-01

379

Protocol: a realist review of user fee exemption policies for health services in Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Four years prior to the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) deadline, low- and middle-income countries and international stakeholders are looking for evidence-based policies to improve access to healthcare for the most vulnerable populations. User fee exemption policies are one of the potential solutions. However, the evidence is disparate, and systematic reviews have failed to provide valuable lessons. The authors propose to produce an innovative synthesis of the available evidence on user fee exemption policies in Africa to feed the policy-making process. Methods The authors will carry out a realist review to answer the following research question: what are the outcomes of user fee exemption policies implemented in Africa? why do they produce such outcomes? and what contextual elements come into play? This type of review aims to understand how contextual elements influence the production of outcomes through the activation of specific mechanisms, in the form of context–mechanism–outcome configurations. The review will be conducted in five steps: (1) identifying with key stakeholders the mechanisms underlying user fee exemption policies to develop the analytical framework, (2) searching for and selecting primary data, (3) assessing the quality of evidence using the Mixed-Method Appraisal Tool, (4) extracting the data using the analytical framework and (5) synthesising the data in the form of context–mechanism–outcomes configurations. The output will be a middle-range theory specifying how user fee exemption policies work, for what populations and under what circumstances. Ethics and dissemination The two main target audiences are researchers who are looking for examples to implement a realist review, and policy-makers and international stakeholders looking for lessons learnt on user fee exemption. For the latter, a knowledge-sharing strategy involving local scientific and policy networks will be implemented. The study has been approved by the ethics committee of the CHUM Research Centre (CR-CHUM). It received funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. The funders will not have any role in study design; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the report and the decision to submit the report for publication, including who will have ultimate authority over each of these activities.

Ridde, Valery; Marchal, Bruno; Fournier, Pierre

2012-01-01

380

Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BOOK REVIEW Search for Life BOOK REVIEW Health Physics BOOK REVIEW Language and Literacy in Science Education BOOK REVIEW Science Web Reader—Physics Correction GCSE BOOK REVIEW Physics for Higher Tier GCSE BOOK REVIEW Modular Science GCSE BOOK REVIEW Modular Science for AQA: Foundation level and Higher level GCSE BOOK REVIEW Physics for OCR A GCSE BOOK REVIEW Physics Matters, 3rd edition GCSE BOOK REVIEW Physics GCSE BOOK REVIEW Science Foundations: Physics (new edition) GCSE BOOK REVIEW Target Science: Physics Foundation Tier GCSE BOOK REVIEW Target Science: Physics Foundation Tier: AQA WEB WATCH Medical physics organizations

2001-11-01

381

Mobile eye services: Literature review with special reference to the experience of Al-Basar International Foundation  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To evaluate the concept of quality assured mobile eye services (MES) in implementing the vision 2020 initiative. Materials and Methods: Literature review as well as the medical records of Al-Basar International Foundation (BIF) on MES. Emphasis was focused on the causes of blindness, objectives, operation, management and the benefits of MES, a critical appraisal of MES, training for MES and the relationship with other organizations and concerned government agencies. Findings: More than 38 countries have been included in this exercise during which more than 620 eye camps have been conducted. More than two million people have benefited from the services provided including medicines and glasses in these eye camps and about 180,000 sight restoring surgeries performed for cataract, glaucoma etc. Conclusion: Quality assured MES are a very important means of tackling the problems of blindness and implementing the vision 2020 initiative. The adoption of this concept by major stake-holders in the prevention of blindness (e.g. WHO, IAPB) will bring an additional momentum to the achievement of this noble goal.

Rushood, Adel A.

2010-01-01

382

Evidence based mental healthcare and service innovation: Review of concepts and challenges.  

PubMed

Health provision systems in the developed western nations are currently facing major financial challenges. In order to meet these challenges, a number of new approaches used to assist the provision of health have been introduced, including the practice of health professionals. These approaches utilize specific methods of data capture and summarization such as: evidence based medicine (EBM) and practice guidelines. Evidence is generated from systematic clinical research as well as reported clinical experience and individually case based empirical evidence. All types of research though (quantitative or qualitative) have limitations. Similarly all types of evidence have advantages and disadvantages and can be complimentary to each other. Evidencebased individual decision (EBID) making is the commonest evidence-based medicine as practiced by the individual clinician in making decisions about the care of the individual patient. It involves integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research. However this sort of evidence-based medicine, focuses excessively on the individual (potentially at the expense of others) in a system with limited budgets. Evidence-based guidelines (EBG) also support the practice of evidence-based medicine but at the organizational or institutional level. The main aim is to identify which interventions, over a range of patients, work best and which is cost-effective in order to guide service development and provision at a strategic level. Doing this effectively is a scientific and statistical skill in itself and the quality of guidelines is based primarily on the quality research evidence. It is important to note that lack of systematic evidence to support an intervention does not automatically mean that an intervention must instantly be abandoned. It is also important that guidelines are understood for what they are, i.e. not rules, or complete statements of knowledge. EBM will never have enough suitable evidence for all and every aspects of health provision in every locality. Innovation signifies a substantial positive change compared to gradual or incremental changes. Innovation using inductive reasoning has to play a major role within health care system and it is applicable to all three level of service provision: clinical practice, policy and organisation structure. The aim of this paper is to examine critically the above concepts and their complimentary role in supporting provision of health care systems which are suitable for the requirements of the population, affordable, deliverable, flexible and adaptable to social changes. PMID:23603268

Kouimtsidis, Chr; John-Smith, St; Kemp, P; Ikkos, G

383

Preliminary Analysis on the Service Demand and Review in Drought Research in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, under the influence of global change and rapid socioeconomic development, the problem of global environment was distinguished. One of the outstanding issues is drought. Water scarcity, food crisis and ecological deterioration (for example the desertification etc.) result from drought, especially the heavy drought. In China, drought is also a natural disaster with the highest frequency, the widest influence area, and the most far-reaching influence on the social economy. This paper introduces the national demands of drought research, and reviews the main progresses in drought study in China. Controversial questions, key scientific and technical issues faced to the national demands are put forward. And a preliminary analysis on the trend of development in the future in drought research is carried out.

Yaohui, L.; Jinsong, W.; Runyuan, W.; Jianying, F.; Qiguo, Y.; Xiaoping, W.

2011-12-01

384

Environmental risk assessment for ancillary substances in biotechnological production of pharmaceuticals.  

PubMed

An increasing number of pharmaceutical active substances are produced through biotechnological processes. For sustained and safe growth of the host organisms as well as optimal expression, purification, and formulation of the product, biotechnological manufacturing processes need optimal and robust environmental conditions, which are attained through the use of buffers, chelators, and antibiotics, beside nutrients. These ancillary substances are drained with the wastewater to a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and are released after treatment with the effluent to receiving waters. The potential risks of such substances to WWTPs and surface waters were investigated. Three common buffers (morpholinoethane sulfonic acid [MES], morpholinopropanesulfonic acid [MOPS], 1,4-piperazine (diethanesulfonic acid) [PIPES]), one chelator (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid [EDTA]), and one antibiotic (gentamycin) were searched in the literature for environmental data or tested for biodegradability and inhibition of activated sludge as well as acute toxicity to algae, daphnids, and fish. Amounts of the ancillary substances used in the European biotechnological production plants of F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd in Basle (Switzerland) and Penzberg (Germany), and actual wastewater fluxes through the respective WWTP, as well as realistic dilution factors for the local receiving water, were documented. Based on this information, site-specific predicted environmental concentrations (PECs) for the WWTPs and surface waters in Basle and Penzberg were extrapolated. These PECs were compared with predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs) for the WWTP and surface waters, derived from sludge inhibition and ecotoxicity results, respectively. For all five ancillary substances investigated, all PEC/PNEC risk characterization ratios are <1, indicating no significant risk to the WWTPs or the receiving waters at both sites. PMID:22189954

Straub, Jürg Oliver; Gysel, Daniel; Kastl, Ursula; Klemmer, Jürgen; Sonderegger, Marco; Studer, Martin

2012-02-06

385

A critical review of studies of the association between demands for hospital services and air pollution.  

PubMed Central

Studies of the associations between air pollution and hospital admissions and emergency room use are reviewed, including studies of air pollution episodes, time-series analyses, and cross-sectional analyses. These studies encompass a variety of methods of analysis and levels of air quality. Findings from all three types of studies were generally consistent in that almost all of the studies reviewed found statistically significant associations between hospital use and air pollution; this unanimity may have resulted in part from publication bias. These associations were characterized by elasticities of the order of 0.20; i.e., a 100% change in air pollution was associated with a change in hospital use of about 20%, for specific diagnoses. Respiratory diagnoses were emphasized by most studies; cardiac diagnoses were included in five of them. The air pollutants most often associated with changes in hospital use were particulate matter, sulfur oxides, and oxidants. Apart from the major air pollution episodes, there was no obvious link between air pollution level and the significance or magnitudes of the associations. Long-term indicators of hospitalization appeared to also be influenced by medical care supply factors, including the numbers of beds and physicians per capita. These nonpathological causal factors could also have influenced the findings of the time-series studies by introducing extraneous factors in the patterns of admissions. Although consistent associations have been shown between hospital use and air pollution, further research is required to distinguish among potentially responsible pollutants and to deduce specific dose-response relationships of general utility.

Lipfert, F W

1993-01-01

386

Historical review of termite activity at forest service termiticide test sites from 1971 to 2004.  

PubMed

The U.S. Forest Service has a long history of providing termiticide efficacy data used for product registration and labeling. Four primary test sites (Arizona and Florida, Mississippi, and South Carolina [hereafter southeast]) have been used for this purpose. Various parameters of termite attack at water-only control plots were examined in this study to assess the relative pressures of termites at each site. Termiticide studies installed between 1971 and 2001 by using ground board (GB) and concrete slab (CS) test methods were included. GB control plots were attacked 85% of the time in the southeast, about twice the rate observed in Arizona (43%). CS plots were attacked 59-70% of the time in the southeast, significantly higher than in Arizona (43%). Termites were slower to initiate attack at control plots in Arizona compared with the southeast, and they were up to twice as slow at GB controls. Once initial attack began, GB plots were reattacked at higher percentages in the southeast (89-90%) than in Arizona (67%). Reattack at CS plots ranged from 65% in Arizona and South Carolina to 76% in Mississippi. Termites caused less damage to wooden blocks in control plots in Arizona than the southeast. Attack rates at controls generally declined during the 1990s, but these rates have rebounded since 2000, except at CS plots in Arizona and South Carolina. Statistical analysis of attacks at plots treated with chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, fenvalerate, and permethrin also was undertaken. Time to initial termite attack (failure) of the organophosphate chlorpyrifos was generally shorter in Arizona than in the southeast, whereas time to initial attack in plots treated with one of three pyrethroids (cypermethrin, fenvalerate, and permethrin) was generally longer in Arizona. PMID:17461075

Mulrooney, J E; Wagner, T L; Shelton, T G; Peterson, C J; Gerard, P D

2007-04-01

387

Workplace violence in a large correctional health service in New South Wales, Australia: a retrospective review of incident management records  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about workplace violence among correctional health professionals. This study aimed to describe the patterns, severity and outcomes of incidents of workplace violence among employees of a large correctional health service, and to explore the help-seeking behaviours of staff following an incident. Methods The study setting was Justice Health, a statutory health corporation established to provide health care to people who come into contact with the criminal justice system in New South Wales, Australia. We reviewed incident management records describing workplace violence among Justice Health staff. The three-year study period was 1/7/2007-30/6/2010. Results During the period under review, 208 incidents of workplace violence were recorded. Verbal abuse (71%) was more common than physical abuse (29%). The most (44%) incidents of workplace violence (including both verbal and physical abuse) occurred in adult male prisons, although the most (50%) incidents of physical abuse occurred in a forensic hospital. Most (90%) of the victims were nurses and two-thirds were females. Younger employees and males were most likely to be a victim of physical abuse. Preparing or dispensing medication and attempting to calm and/or restrain an aggressive patient were identified as ‘high risk’ work duties for verbal abuse and physical abuse, respectively. Most (93%) of the incidents of workplace violence were initiated by a prisoner/patient. Almost all of the incidents received either a medium (46%) or low (52%) Severity Assessment Code. Few victims of workplace violence incurred a serious physical injury – there were no workplace deaths during the study period. However, mental stress was common, especially among the victims of verbal abuse (85%). Few (6%) victims of verbal abuse sought help from a health professional. Conclusions Among employees of a large correctional health service, verbal abuse in the workplace was substantially more common than physical abuse. The most incidents of workplace violence occurred in adult male prisons. Review of the types of adverse health outcomes experienced by the victims of workplace violence and the assessments of severity assigned to violent incidents suggests that, compared with health care settings in the community, correctional settings are fairly safe places in which to practice.

2012-01-01

388

Monitoring basin-scale land cover changes in Kagera Basin of Lake Victoria using ancillary data and remote sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kagera Basin is a high value ecosystem in the Lake Victoria watershed because of the hydrological and food services it provides. The basin has faced large scale human induced land use and land cover changes (LUCC), but quantitative data is to date lacking. A combination of ancillary data and satellite imagery were interpreted to construct LUCC dynamics for the last century. This study is an initial step towards assessing the impact of LUCC on sustainable agriculture and water quality in the watershed. The results show that large trends of LUCC have rapidly occurred over the last 100 years. The most dominant LUCC processes were gains in farmland areas (not detectable in 1901 to 60% in 2010) and a net reduction in dense forest (7% to 2.6%), woodlands (51% to 6.9%) and savannas (35% to 19.6%) between 1901 and 2010. Forest degradation rapidly occurred during 1974 and 1995 but the forest re-grew between 1995 and 2010 due to forest conservation efforts. Afforestation efforts have resulted in plantation forest increases between 1995 and 2010. The rates of LUCC observed are higher than those reported in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and other parts of the world. This is one of the few studies in SSA at a basin scale that combines multi-source spatio-temporal data on land cover to enable long-term quantification of land cover changes. In the discussion we address future research needs for the area based on the results of this study. These research needs include quantifying the impacts of land cover change on nutrient and sediment dynamics, soil organic carbon stocks, and changes in biodiversity.

Wasige, John E.; Groen, Thomas A.; Smaling, Eric; Jetten, Victor

2013-04-01

389

Using Noninferiority Tests to Evaluate Telemedicine and E-Health Services: Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background An increasing number of studies within the field of telemedicine and e-health are designed as noninferiority studies, aiming to show that the telemedicine/e-health solution is not inferior to the traditional way of treating patients. Objective The objective is to review and sum up the status of noninferiority studies within this field, describing advantages and pitfalls of this approach. Methods PubMed was searched according to defined criteria, and 16 relevant articles were identified from the period 2008-June 2011. Results Most of the studies were related to the fields of psychiatry and emergency medicine, and most were published in journals relating to these fields or in general scientific or general medicine journals. All the studies claimed to be noninferiority studies, but 7 out of 16 tested for statistical differences as a proxy of noninferiority. Conclusions The methodological quality of the studies varied. We discuss optimal procedures for future noninferiority studies within the field of telemedicine and e-health and situations in which this approach is most appropriate.

Johnsen, Jan-Are K; Skr?vseth, Stein Olav; Wynn, Rolf

2012-01-01

390

A qualitative study exploring the impact and consequence of the medicines use review service on pharmacy support-staff  

PubMed Central

Background Pharmacy support-staff (pharmacy technicians, dispensers and Medicines Counter Assistants) support the delivery of pharmaceutical and retail functions of the pharmacy. Workflow is supervised and at times dependent upon the pharmacist’s presence. Policy makers and pharmacy’s representative bodies are seeking to extend the community pharmacist's role including requiring the pharmacist to undertake private consultations away from the dispensary and shop floor areas. However, support-staff voices are seldom heard and little is known about the impact such policies have on them. Objective The objective of this study is to explore the impact and consequences of the English Medicine Use Review (MUR) service on pharmacy support-staff. Methods Ten weeks of ethnographic-oriented observations in two English community pharmacies and interviews with 5 pharmacists and 12 support-staff. A thematic approach was used to analyse the data. Results Despite viewing MURs as a worthwhile activity, interviews with support-staff revealed that some felt frustrated when they were left to explain to patients why the pharmacist was not available when carrying out an MUR. Dependency on the pharmacist to complete professional and accuracy checks on prescriptions grieved dispensing staff because dispensing workflow was disrupted and they could not get their work done. Medicines Counter Assistants were observed to have less dependency when selling medicines but some still reported concerns over of customers and patients waiting for the pharmacist. A range of tacit and ad hoc strategies were consequently found to be deployed to handle situations when the pharmacist was absent performing an MUR. Conclusions Consideration should be given to support-staff and pharmacists’ existing work obligations when developing new pharmacy extended roles that require private consultations with patients. Understanding organisational culture and providing adequate resourcing for new services are needed to avoid improvisations or enactments by pharmacy support-staff and to allow successful innovation and policy implementation.

Latif, Asam; Boardman, Helen F.; Pollock, Kristian

391

Review of PJM restoration practices and NERC restoration standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

PJM Interconnection, LLC, (PJM) is a FERC approved Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) and has served as the transmission operator, balancing authority and reliability coordinator for its members for many decades before those terms were developed by NERC. PJM also operates an electricity and ancillary services market and procures some restoration services through the market. Transmission owner members of PJM are

R. J. Kafka

2008-01-01

392

Reference Reviewed and Re-Envisioned: Revamping Librarian and Desk-Centric Services with LibStARs and LibAnswers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first section of this article reviews the literature on the changing face of reference, beginning with a discussion of the national decline in reference transactions, its causes, and the likelihood that online reference services might one day halt or reverse the decline. It then analyzes definitions of the term "reference," pointing to a…

Stevens, Christy R.

2013-01-01

393

The Nationwide Evaluation of Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) Programs: Development and Implementation of Recommendations and Conduct of Essential Maternal and Child Health Services by FIMR Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: An evaluation of fetal and infant mortality review (FIMR) programs nationwide was conducted to characterize their unique role in improving the system of perinatal health care. The aim of this paper is to examine intermediate outcomes of the FIMR, in particular the development and implementation of recommendations produced by the FIMRs and the conduct of essential MCH services by

Dawn P. Misra; Holly Grason; Mira Liao; Donna M. Strobino; Karen A. McDonnell; Adam A. Allston

2004-01-01

394

A review of the factors associated with the non-use of respite services by carers of people with dementia: implications for policy and practice.  

PubMed

The use of respite services by carers has been shown to extend the length of time people with dementia can remain living in the community with family support. However, the use of respite services by informal carers of people with dementia is often low and does not appear to match carer need. To better understand how to address carers' unmet need for respite, the factors that impede respite service use must be identified. To achieve this, a narrative synthesis of published academic literature (1990-2011) was undertaken regarding factors associated with not utilising different types of respite services utilising Anderson's Behavioural Model of Service Use. The review reinforces the importance of the assessment and matching of services to the needs of individual carers and care recipients at the local level. It also highlights the need to move beyond care pathways for individuals. To support respite use there is a need for local action to be augmented at a community or population level by strategies to address attitudinal and resource barriers that influence sub-groups of the carer population who may be more vulnerable to service non-use. PMID:23530738

Phillipson, Lyn; Jones, Sandra C; Magee, Christopher

2013-03-27

395

Modelling A???dhy?y?: An Approach Based on the Methodology of Ancillary Disciplines (Ved??ga)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article proposes a general model based on the common methodological approach of the ancillary disciplines (Ved??ga) associated with the Vedas taking examples from ?ik??, Chandas, Vy?kara?a and Pr?ti?? khya texts. It develops and elaborates this model further to represent the contents and processes of A???dhy?y?. Certain key features are added to my earlier modelling of P??inian system of Sanskrit grammar. This includes broader coverage of the P??inian meta-language, mechanism for automatic application of rules and positioning the grammatical system within the procedural complexes of ancillary disciplines.

Mishra, Anand

396

Impact of health systems strengthening on coverage of maternal health services in Rwanda, 2000-2010: a systematic review.  

PubMed

From 2000 to 2010, Rwanda implemented comprehensive health sector reforms to strengthen the public health system, with the aim of reducing maternal and newborn deaths in line with Millennium Development Goal 5, among many other improvements in national health. Based on a systematic review of the literature, national policy documents and three Demographic & Health Surveys (2000, 2005 and 2010), this paper describes the reforms and the policies they were based on, and provides data on the extent of Rwanda's progress in expanding the coverage of four key women's health services. Progress took place in 2000-2005 and became more rapid after 2006, mostly in rural areas, when the national facility-based childbirth policy, performance-based financing, and community-based health insurance were scaled up. Between 2006 and 2010, the following increases in coverage took place as compared to 2000-2005, particularly in rural areas, where most poor women live: births with skilled attendance (77% increase vs. 26%), institutional delivery (146% increase vs. 8%), and contraceptive prevalence (351% increase vs. 150%). The primary factors in these improvements were increases in the health workforce and their skills, performance-based financing, community-based health insurance, and better leadership and governance. Further research is needed to determine the impact of these changes on health outcomes in women and children. PMID:22789082

Bucagu, Maurice; Kagubare, Jean M; Basinga, Paulin; Ngabo, Fidèle; Timmons, Barbara K; Lee, Angela C

2012-06-01

397

Family-Centered Service for Children With Cerebral Palsy and Their Families: A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pediatric neurologists and other specialists working with children with cerebral palsy or other disabilities play important roles in providing services in ways that make a difference in the lives of these children and their families. This article defines family-centered service and outlines a conceptual framework of the premises and principles underlying this approach to service delivery. Research evidence supporting family-centered

Susanne King; Rachel Teplicky; Gillian King; Peter Rosenbaum

2004-01-01

398

Jobs with Service Programs: Home Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the kinds of jobs available in services developed to help the homebound elderly: Home health care, homemaker-home health aide, chore service, home repair and maintenance, home-delivered meals, telephone reassurance, and friendly visiting. (JT)|

Kahl, Anne

1976-01-01

399

A State of the Field Study of Child Welfare Services for Migrant Children and Their Families Who are In-Stream, Home-Based, or Settled-Out. Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a study of migrant child welfare services, this review synthesizes all available materials on the issues affecting migrant child welfare. Each chapter discusses the importance of a particular service area, assesses the migrant child's needs in that area, describes existing barriers to service delivery, and presents a history and the…

Porteous, Sandra McClure

400

A review of official data obtained from dog control records generated by the dog control service of county cork, Ireland during 2007  

PubMed Central

Background There are no peer reviewed data on dog control records from an official agency in Ireland. In order to address this, a total of 2,669 official dog control service records generated during 2007 by Cork County Council dog control service were reviewed. Results Over 70 percent of records related to unwanted dogs and dogs not under their owners control. Stray dogs were collected by the service regularly throughout the year but with notable increase in voluntary surrenders by owners from January through to April. The majority of dogs collected or surrendered were male (2:1 ratio), of medium size, described as having a friendly temperament and were not wearing a neck collar. The Crossbreed and Greyhound breeds were more frequently collected as strays, while Greyhounds and German Shepherds were more frequently voluntarily surrendered by their owner. Restricted breeds such as Pit Bull terriers, German Shepherds and Rottweilers were more frequently reported by members of the public for aggressive behaviour while the only restricted breed reported for biting or snapping was the German Shepherd. Conclusions Routine recording of dog control services in County Cork provide data on responsible dog ownership including the licensing of breeds, and surrender of owned dogs and the collection of stray dogs. Data capture and utilisation of dog control services by local authorities has potential to inform policy on responsible dog ownership and education programmes.

2012-01-01

401

Challenges, coping strategies, and recommendations related to the HIV services field in the HAART era: a systematic literature review of qualitative studies from the United States and Canada.  

PubMed

Qualitative research methods have been utilized to study the nature of work in the HIV services field. Yet current literature lacks a Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Treatment (HAART) era compendium of qualitative research studying challenges and coping strategies in the field. This study systematically reviewed challenges and coping strategies that qualitative researchers observed in the HIV services field during the HAART era, and their recommendations to organizations. Four online databases were searched for peer-reviewed research that utilized qualitative methods, were published from January 1998 to February 2012, utilized samples of individuals in the HIV services field; occurred in the U.S. or Canada, and contained information related to challenges and/or coping strategies. Abstracts were identified (n=846) and independently read and coded for inclusion by at least two of the four first authors. Identified articles (n=26) were independently read by at least two of the four first authors who recorded the study methodology, participant demographics, challenges and coping strategies, and recommendations. A number of challenges affecting those in the HIV services field were noted, particularly interpersonal and organizational issues. Coping strategies were problem- and emotion-focused. Summarized research recommendations called for increased support, capacity-building, and structural changes. Future research on challenges and coping strategies must provide up-to-date information to the HIV services field while creating, implementing, and evaluating interventions to manage current challenges and reduce the risk of burnout. PMID:23336722

Kerr, Zachary Y; Miller, Katye R; Galos, Dylan; Love, Randi; Poole, Charles

2013-01-22

402

Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WEB WATCH (204) Try unearthing some interesting information about archaeology BOOK REVIEWS (206) Teaching and assessing practical skills Book Review: Learn to drive with Sir Isaac Newton DVD REVIEW (207) Bring some sunshine into the classroom EQUIPMENT REVIEWS (208) Robust air puck takes a kicking Flowlog offers sensing options plus multimode datalogging Mastering Chladni figures takes practice but it offers surprises

2004-03-01

403

Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A-LEVEL RESOURCES REVIEWS SPECIAL AS and A2 books and resources: deciding what to buy? SUMMARY Exam boards, specifications and support materials OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations) CORRECTION BOOK REVIEW Good Practice in Science Teaching WEB WATCH Astronomy and cosmology DVD REVIEW The Video Encyclopedia of Physics Demonstrations SOFTWARE REVIEW Graph Paper Printer

2001-07-01

404

Engaging with research ethics in central Francophone Africa: reflections on a workshop about ancillary care  

PubMed Central

Research ethics is predominantly taught and practiced in Anglophone countries, particularly those in North America and Western Europe. Initiatives to build research ethics capacity in developing countries must attempt to avoid imposing foreign frameworks and engage with ethical issues in research that are locally relevant. This article describes the process and outcomes of a capacity-building workshop that took place in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo in the summer of 2011. Although the workshop focused on a specific ethical theme – the responsibilities of researchers to provide health-related care to their research participants – we argue that the structure of the workshop offers a useful method for engaging with research ethics in general, and the theme of ancillary care encourages a broad perspective on research ethics that is highly pertinent in low-income countries. The workshop follows an interactive, locally driven model that could be fruitfully replicated in similar settings.

2012-01-01

405

System design specification for the 1/4-scale tank and ancillary equipment  

SciTech Connect

The Fluid Dynamic Test Facility (FDTF) is located in the 336 Building at the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. The FDTF will contain tanks that model the average internal diameter and height of a 3875 m{sup 3} (1-million-gal) double-shell tank at both 1/12- and 1/4-scale, as well as ancillary equipment required to store, mix, and transport waste simulants. Experiments to be conducted in this facility will include investigations of sludge mobilization, slurry uniformity, aerosol generation, sludge washing, and instrumentation development to support start-up of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Project. This facility will also be used to model concepts and mitigating strategies to be used in the resolution of tank safety issues and the retrieval of waste from watch-list tanks.

Bamberger, J.A.; Bates, J.M. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Waters, E.D.; Heimberger, D.T. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-09-01

406

Review of Medicare Fee-For-Service Payments Made by National Government Services, Inc., for Medicare Advantage Enrollees During Calendar Years 2007 and 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pursuant to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (the Act), the Medicare program provides health insurance for people aged 65 and over and those who are disabled or have permanent kidney disease. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), which...

2011-01-01

407

Density functional analysis of ancillary ligand electronic contributions to metal-mediated enediyne cyclization.  

PubMed

Density functional theory (DFT) has been used to study electronic perturbations induced by ancillary halogen ligation within metalloenediyne constructs, and the subsequent affect upon thermal Bergman cyclization temperatures. To isolate electronic from geometric components of Bergman cyclization thermodynamics, model diamine- and diphosphine-enediynes (L = 1,6-diamino- or 1,6-diphosphino-cis-1,5-hexadiyne-3-ene) of Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Pd(II) with ancillary chloride ligands have been examined computationally and compared to more complex ethylenediamine-based metalloenediyne frameworks of the form MLX(2) (X = Cl, Br, I; L = 1,4-dibenzyl-1,4-diaza-cyclododec-8-ene-6,10-diyne) with distorted square-planar (Cu(II)), T(d) (Zn(II)), and D(4h) (Pd(II)) geometries. In the latter systems, the ethylenediamine linkage restricts the conformation of the enediyne backbone, causing the alkyne termini separation to be nearly independent of metal geometry (3.75-3.82 A). Within the Zn(II) family, steric effects are shown to induce conformational changes on the cyclization potential energy surface (PES) prior to the Bergman transition state, introducing distinct electron-electron repulsive interactions. Multiple metal and ligand conformations are also observed on the Cu(II) metalloenediyne cyclization PES. In contrast, square-planar Pd(II) compounds exhibit overlap between the out-of-plane halogen lone pairs and metal d orbitals, as well as the enediyne pi system, reminiscent of an organometallic "push-pull" reaction mechanism. These systems have significantly higher predicted activation barriers toward cycloaromatization due to enhanced electron repulsion. PMID:18759428

Clark, Aurora E; Bhattacharryya, Sibaprasad; Zaleski, Jeffrey M

2009-05-01

408

47 CFR 76.944 - Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the basic service tier and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Commission review of franchising authority...944 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST...Regulation § 76.944 Commission review of franchising...

2011-10-01

409

Effects of Digoxin on Morbidity and Mortality in Diastolic Heart Failure The Ancillary Digitalis Investigation Group Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—About half of the 5 million heart failure patients in the United States have diastolic heart failure (clinical heart failure with normal or near-normal ejection fraction). Except for candesartan, no drugs have been tested in randomized clinical trials in these patients. Although digoxin was tested in an appreciable number of diastolic heart failure patients in the Digitalis Investigation Group ancillary

Ali Ahmed; Michael W. Rich; Jerome L. Fleg; Michael R. Zile; James B. Young; Dalane W. Kitzman; Thomas E. Love; Wilbert S. Aronow; Kirkwood F. Adams; Mihai Gheorghiade

410

Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Actions to slow atmospheric accumulation of greenhouse gases also would reduce conventional air pollutants yielding “ancillary” benefits that tend to accrue locally and in the near-term. Using a detailed electricity model linked to an integrated assessment framework to value changes in human health, we find a tax of $25 per metric ton of carbon emissions would yield NOx-related health benefits

Dallas Burtraw; Alan Krupnick; Karen Palmer; Anthony Paul; Michael Toman; Cary Bloyd

2003-01-01

411

Improving Space-borne Radiometer Soil Moisture Retrievals with Alternative Aggregation Rules for Ancillary Parameters in Highly Heterogeneous Vegetated Areas  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Retrieving soil moisture from space-borne microwave radiometer observations often requires ancillary parameters such as surface vegetation opacity or vegetation water content. The conventional approach for deriving representative footprint-scale values of these parameters is to simply average the co...

412

Field demonstration of the conventional steam drive process with ancillary materials. Second annual report, October 1, 1980October 31, 1981  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes the work performed during the second year of a research and development project to demonstrate that a particular ancillary material, surfactant based foam, can improve the efficiency of steam drive. The project consists of basic laboratory testing supplemented by five small field tests. The initial laboratory work involved screening foam chemicals for thermal stability and testing methods

1982-01-01

413

HIV\\/AIDS and family planning services integration: review of prospects for a comprehensive approach in sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most parts of the world, family planning and HIV-related services are usually offered separately. Family planning services, especially those that are government-supported, primarily serve married women and couples of reproductive age, while HIV-related services target individuals at higher-risk of exposure to HIV. However, the integration of family planning into HIV\\/AIDS programmes, or vice versa, would permit women of reproductive

Gisele Maynard-Tucker

2009-01-01

414

Microturbine Power Conversion Technology Review  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is performing a technology review to assess the market for commercially available power electronic converters that can be used to connect microturbines to either the electric grid or local loads. The intent of the review is to facilitate an assessment of the present status of marketed power conversion technology to determine how versatile the designs are for potentially providing different services to the grid based on changes in market direction, new industry standards, and the critical needs of the local service provider. The project includes data gathering efforts and documentation of the state-of-the-art design approaches that are being used by microturbine manufacturers in their power conversion electronics development and refinement. This project task entails a review of power converters used in microturbines sized between 20 kW and 1 MW. The power converters permit microturbine generators, with their non-synchronous, high frequency output, to interface with the grid or local loads. The power converters produce 50- to 60-Hz power that can be used for local loads or, using interface electronics, synchronized for connection to the local feeder and/or microgrid. The power electronics enable operation in a stand-alone mode as a voltage source or in grid-connect mode as a current source. Some microturbines are designed to automatically switch between the two modes. The information obtained in this data gathering effort will provide a basis for determining how close the microturbine industry is to providing services such as voltage regulation, combined control of both voltage and current, fast/seamless mode transfers, enhanced reliability, reduced cost converters, reactive power supply, power quality, and other ancillary services. Some power quality improvements will require the addition of storage devices; therefore, the task should also determine what must be done to enable the power conversion circuits to accept a varying dc voltage source. The study will also look at technical issues pertaining to the interconnection and coordinated/compatible operation of multiple microturbines. It is important to know today if modifications to provide improved operation and additional services will entail complete redesign, selected component changes, software modifications, or the addition of power storage devices. This project is designed to provide a strong technical foundation for determining present technical needs and identifying recommendations for future work.

Staunton, R.H.

2003-07-21

415

Ancillary subunits and stimulation frequency determine the potency of chromanol 293B block of the KCNQ1 potassium channel.  

PubMed

KCNQ1 (Kv7.1 or KvLQT1) encodes the alpha-subunit of a voltage-gated potassium channel found in tissues including heart, brain, epithelia and smooth muscle. Tissue-specific characteristics of KCNQ1 current are diverse, due to modification by ancillary subunits. In heart, KCNQ1 associates with KCNE1 (MinK), producing a slowly activating voltage-dependent channel. In epithelia, KCNQ1 co-assembles with KCNE3 (Mirp2) producing a constitutively open channel. Chromanol 293B is a selective KCNQ1 blocker. We studied drug binding and frequency dependence of 293B on KCNQ1 and ancillary subunits expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Ancillary subunits altered 293B potency up to 100-fold (IC(50) for KCNQ1 = 65.4 +/- 1.7 microm; KCNQ1/KCNE1 = 15.1 +/- 3.3 microm; KCNQ1/KCNE3 = 0.54 +/- 0.18 microm). Block of KCNQ1 and KCNQ1/KCNE3 was time independent, but 293B altered KCNQ1/KCNE1 activation. We therefore studied frequency-dependent block of KCNQ1/KCNE1. Repetitive rapid stimulation increased KCNQ1/KCNE1 current biphasically, and 293B abolished the slow component. KCNQ1/KCNE3[V72T] activates slowly with a KCNQ1/KCNE1-like phenotype, but retains the high affinity binding of KCNQ1/KCNE3, demonstrating that subunit-mediated changes in gating can be dissociated from subunit-mediated changes in affinity. This study demonstrates the KCNQ1 pharmacology is significantly altered by ancillary subunits. The response of KCNQ1 to specific blockers will therefore be critically dependent on the electrical stimulation pattern of the target organ. Furthermore, the dissociation between gating and overall affinity suggests that mutations in ancillary subunits can potentially strongly alter drug sensitivity without obvious functional changes in gating behaviour, giving rise to unexpected side-effects such as a predisposition to acquired long QT syndrome. PMID:16887873

Bett, Glenna C L; Morales, Michael J; Beahm, Derek L; Duffey, Michael E; Rasmusson, Randall L

2006-08-03

416

Ancillary subunits and stimulation frequency determine the potency of chromanol 293B block of the KCNQ1 potassium channel  

PubMed Central

KCNQ1 (Kv7.1 or KvLQT1) encodes the alpha-subunit of a voltage-gated potassium channel found in tissues including heart, brain, epithelia and smooth muscle. Tissue-specific characteristics of KCNQ1 current are diverse, due to modification by ancillary subunits. In heart, KCNQ1 associates with KCNE1 (MinK), producing a slowly activating voltage-dependent channel. In epithelia, KCNQ1 co-assembles with KCNE3 (Mirp2) producing a constitutively open channel. Chromanol 293B is a selective KCNQ1 blocker. We studied drug binding and frequency dependence of 293B on KCNQ1 and ancillary subunits expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Ancillary subunits altered 293B potency up to 100-fold (IC50 for KCNQ1 = 65.4 ± 1.7 ?m; KCNQ1/KCNE1 = 15.1 ± 3.3 ?m; KCNQ1/KCNE3 = 0.54 ± 0.18 ?m). Block of KCNQ1 and KCNQ1/KCNE3 was time independent, but 293B altered KCNQ1/KCNE1 activation. We therefore studied frequency-dependent block of KCNQ1/KCNE1. Repetitive rapid stimulation increased KCNQ1/KCNE1 current biphasically, and 293B abolished the slow component. KCNQ1/KCNE3[V72T] activates slowly with a KCNQ1/KCNE1-like phenotype, but retains the high affinity binding of KCNQ1/KCNE3, demonstrating that subunit-mediated changes in gating can be dissociated from subunit-mediated changes in affinity. This study demonstrates the KCNQ1 pharmacology is significantly altered by ancillary subunits. The response of KCNQ1 to specific blockers will therefore be critically dependent on the electrical stimulation pattern of the target organ. Furthermore, the dissociation between gating and overall affinity suggests that mutations in ancillary subunits can potentially strongly alter drug sensitivity without obvious functional changes in gating behaviour, giving rise to unexpected side-effects such as a predisposition to acquired long QT syndrome.

Bett, Glenna C L; Morales, Michael J; Beahm, Derek L; Duffey, Michael E; Rasmusson, Randall L

2006-01-01

417

A review of consumer-provided services on Assertive Community Treatment and intensive case management teams: Implications for future research and practice  

PubMed Central

Background Assertive community treatment (ACT) is an evidence-based practice that provides intensive, in vivo services for adults with severe mental illness. Some ACT and intensive case management teams have integrated consumers as team members with varying results. Methods We reviewed the literature examining the outcomes of having consumer providers on case management teams, with attention devoted to randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Results We identified 16 published studies, including 8 RCTs. Findings were mixed, with evidence supporting consumer-provided services for improving engagement, and limited support for reduced hospitalizations. However, evidence was lacking for other outcomes areas such as symptom reduction or improved quality of life. Conclusion Including a consumer provider on an ACT team could enhance the outreach mechanisms of ACT, using a more recovery-focused approach to bring consumers into services and help engage them over time. More rigorous research is needed to further evaluate integrating consumer providers on teams.

Wright-Berryman, Jennifer L.; McGuire, Alan B.; Salyers, Michelle P.

2011-01-01

418

Empirical Models of Demand for Out-Patient Physician Services and Their Relevance to the Assessment of Patient Payment Policies: A Critical Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the existing empirical micro-level models of demand for out-patient physician services where the size of patient payment is included either directly as an independent variable (when a flat-rate co-payment fee) or indirectly as a level of deductibles and/or co-insurance defined by the insurance coverage. The paper also discusses the relevance of these models for the assessment of patient payment policies. For this purpose, a systematic literature review is carried out. In total, 46 relevant publications were identified. These publications are classified into categories based on their general approach to demand modeling, specifications of data collection, data analysis, and main empirical findings. The analysis indicates a rising research interest in the empirical micro-level models of demand for out-patient physician services that incorporate the size of patient payment. Overall, the size of patient payments, consumer socio-economic and demographic features, and quality of services provided emerge as important determinants of demand for out-patient physician services. However, there is a great variety in the modeling approaches and inconsistencies in the findings regarding the impact of price on demand for out-patient physician services. Hitherto, the empirical research fails to offer policy-makers a clear strategy on how to develop a country-specific model of demand for out-patient physician services suitable for the assessment of patient payment policies in their countries. In particular, theoretically important factors, such as provider behavior, consumer attitudes, experience and culture, and informal patient payments, are not considered. Although we recognize that it is difficult to measure these factors and to incorporate them in the demand models, it is apparent that there is a gap in research for the construction of effective patient payment schemes.

Skriabikova, Olga; Pavlova, Milena; Groot, Wim

2010-01-01

419

Empirical models of demand for out-patient physician services and their relevance to the assessment of patient payment policies: a critical review of the literature.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the existing empirical micro-level models of demand for out-patient physician services where the size of patient payment is included either directly as an independent variable (when a flat-rate co-payment fee) or indirectly as a level of deductibles and/or co-insurance defined by the insurance coverage. The paper also discusses the relevance of these models for the assessment of patient payment policies. For this purpose, a systematic literature review is carried out. In total, 46 relevant publications were identified. These publications are classified into categories based on their general approach to demand modeling, specifications of data collection, data analysis, and main empirical findings. The analysis indicates a rising research interest in the empirical micro-level models of demand for out-patient physician services that incorporate the size of patient payment. Overall, the size of patient payments, consumer socio-economic and demographic features, and quality of services provided emerge as important determinants of demand for out-patient physician services. However, there is a great variety in the modeling approaches and inconsistencies in the findings regarding the impact of price on demand for out-patient physician services. Hitherto, the empirical research fails to offer policy-makers a clear strategy on how to develop a country-specific model of demand for out-patient physician services suitable for the assessment of patient payment policies in their countries. In particular, theoretically important factors, such as provider behavior, consumer attitudes, experience and culture, and informal patient payments, are not considered. Although we recognize that it is difficult to measure these factors and to incorporate them in the demand models, it is apparent that there is a gap in research for the construction of effective patient payment schemes. PMID:20644697

Skriabikova, Olga; Pavlova, Milena; Groot, Wim

2010-06-23

420

Was there a plan? End-of-life care for children with life-limiting conditions: a review of multi-service healthcare records.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Planning for care at the end of life (EoL) is an essential component of support and care for families of children with life-limiting conditions. The purpose of this review was to compare documented EoL planning with published children's palliative care standards, across a range of children's healthcare services and to assess the impact on practice of written guidelines to support EoL care planning. METHOD: A manual retrospective review of healthcare records using a purpose-built form. Inclusion criteria were the records of children with a diagnosed life-limiting or life-threatening condition, who had died before the age of 18 years, between October 2008 and March 2010, within a defined geographical area served by one or more of the participating services. The sample was 114 sets of notes relating to a cohort of 48 children: 24 girls and 24 boys, the majority of whose deaths were cancer related. RESULTS: Examples of good practice were found in the records of individual services. Services had each developed their own systems and documents to support EoL care planning rather than using a unified documentation system. Where documented practice fell short, this was related to a lack of evidence that choice in location of death had been offered, delays in sharing of information between services, and information being buried in the narrative of the notes, making it difficult to find. CONCLUSIONS: Current documented EoL planning varies between services. Those who are infrequently involved in the provision of EoL care may benefit from support by those for whom this is part of their daily working life. These professionals can help prepare staff to engage families in these difficult but important conversations - and encourage them to document them in a way that can be easily and readily accessed and shared. PMID:23198741

Beringer, A J; Heckford, E J

2012-11-30

421

Generating demand and community support for sexual and reproductive health services for young people: A review of the Literature and Programs  

PubMed Central

Background This review investigates the effectiveness of interventions aimed at generating demand for and use of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services by young people; and interventions aimed at generating wider community support for their use. Methods Reports and publications were found in the peer-reviewed and grey literature through academic search engines; web searches; the bibliographies of known conference proceedings and papers; and consultation with experts. The studies were reviewed against a set of inclusion criteria and those that met these were explored in more depth. Results The evidence-base for interventions aimed at both generating demand and community support for SRH services for young people was found under-developed and many available studies do not provide strong evidence. However, the potential of several methods to increase youth uptake has been demonstrated, this includes the linking of school education programs with youth friendly services, life skills approaches and social marketing and franchising. There is also evidence that the involvement of key community gatekeepers such as parents and religious leaders is vital to generating wider community support. In general a combined multi-component approach seems most promising with several success stories to build on. Conclusions Many areas for further research have been highlighted and there is a great need for more rigorous evaluation of programmes in this area. In particular, further evaluation of individual components within a multi-component approach is needed to elucidate the most effective interventions.

2010-01-01

422

THERACOM: a systematic review of the evidence base for interventions to improve Therapeutic Communications between black and minority ethnic populations and staff in specialist mental health services  

PubMed Central

Background Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups in receipt of specialist mental health care have reported higher rates of detention under the mental health act, less use of psychological therapies, and more dissatisfaction. Although many explanations have been put forward to explain this, a failure of therapeutic communications may explain poorer satisfaction, disengagement from services and ethnic variations in access to less coercive care. Interventions that improve therapeutic communications may offer new approaches to tackle ethnic inequalities in experiences and outcomes. Methods The THERACOM project is an HTA-funded evidence synthesis review of interventions to improve therapeutic communications between black and minority ethnic patients in contact with specialist mental health services and staff providing those services. This article sets out the protocol methods for a necessarily broad review topic, including appropriate search strategies, dilemmas for classifying different types of therapeutic communications and expectations of the types of interventions to improve them. The review methods will accommodate unexpected types of study and interventions. The findings will be reported in 2013, including a synthesis of the quantitative and grey literature. Discussion A particular methodological challenge is to identify and rate the quality of many different study types, for example, randomised controlled trials, observational quantitative studies, qualitative studies and case studies, which comprise the full range of hierarchies of evidence. We discuss the preliminary methodological challenges and some solutions. (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42011001661).

2013-01-01

423

A Critical Review of the Sweeping Federal Civil Service Changes: The Case of the Departments of Homeland Security and Defense  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article critiques the proposed radical changes to the civil service system at the Departments of Homeland Security and Defense. It also summarizes the civil service problems and assesses whether the proposed changes would be likely to address those problems. It identifies the difficulties that one of the critical changes (merit pay or pay- for-performance) has encountered in the past.

Jack Underhill; R. Oman

2007-01-01

424

42 CFR 422.626 - Fast-track appeals of service terminations to independent review entities (IREs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fast-track appeals of service terminations...Determinations and Appeals § 422.626 Fast-track appeals of service terminations...IREs). (a) Enrollee's right to a fast-track appeal of an MA...

2010-10-01

425

42 CFR 422.626 - Fast-track appeals of service terminations to independent review entities (IREs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Fast-track appeals of service terminations...Determinations and Appeals § 422.626 Fast-track appeals of service terminations...IREs). (a) Enrollee's right to a fast-track appeal of an MA...

2009-10-01

426

Studies of the Cost-Effectiveness of Social Work Services in Aging: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American population aged 65 years and older is growing rapidly, creating an increased demand for social workers. Reimbursement structures of Medicare and Medicaid present significant barriers for aging individuals seeking social work services as well as social workers wanting to provide services to the elderly. To build a case for the…

Rizzo, Victoria M.; Rowe, Jeannine M.

2006-01-01

427

Comparative study and review of grid, cloud, utility computing and software as a service for use by libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Grid computing, cloud computing (CC), utility computing and software as a service are emerging technologies predicted to result in massive consolidation as meta-level computing services of everything beneath one umbrella in the future. The purpose of this study is to foster the understanding and differentiation, by using the three aforementioned types of computing technologies and software, as a

Ahmed Patel; Ali Seyfi; Yiqi Tew; Ayman Jaradat

2011-01-01

428

New Challenges in Agricultural Advisory Services from a Research Perspective: A Literature Review, Synthesis and Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Agricultural advisory services are perceived by many actors involved in rural development as a key driver behind innovation processes in agriculture. However, changes in national and global contexts cause dramatic changes in the orientation of advisory services, their organisation and their methods of intervention. This article aims to…

Faure, Guy; Desjeux, Yann; Gasselin, Pierre

2012-01-01

429

New Challenges in Agricultural Advisory Services from a Research Perspective: A Literature Review, Synthesis and Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Agricultural advisory services are perceived by many actors involved in rural development as a key driver behind innovation processes in agriculture. However, changes in national and global contexts cause dramatic changes in the orientation of advisory services, their organisation and their methods of intervention. This article aims to…

Faure, Guy; Desjeux, Yann; Gasselin, Pierre

2012-01-01

430

Providing Reliability Services through Demand Response: A Prelimnary Evaluation of the Demand Response Capabilities of Alcoa Inc.  

SciTech Connect

Demand response is the largest underutilized reliability resource in North America. Historic demand response programs have focused on reducing overall electricity consumption (increasing efficiency) and shaving peaks but have not typically been used for immediate reliability response. Many of these programs have been successful but demand response remains a limited resource. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) report, 'Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering' (FERC 2006) found that only five percent of customers are on some form of demand response program. Collectively they represent an estimated 37,000 MW of response potential. These programs reduce overall energy consumption, lower green house gas emissions by allowing fossil fuel generators to operate at increased efficiency and reduce stress on the power system during periods of peak loading. As the country continues to restructure energy markets with sophisticated marginal cost models that attempt to minimize total energy costs, the ability of demand response to create meaningful shifts in the supply and demand equations is critical to creating a sustainable and balanced economic response to energy issues. Restructured energy market prices are set by the cost of the next incremental unit of energy, so that as additional generation is brought into the market, the cost for the entire market increases. The benefit of demand response is that it reduces overall demand and shifts the entire market to a lower pricing level. This can be very effective in mitigating price volatility or scarcity pricing as the power system responds to changing demand schedules, loss of large generators, or loss of transmission. As a global producer of alumina, primary aluminum, and fabricated aluminum products, Alcoa Inc., has the capability to provide demand response services through its manufacturing facilities and uniquely through its aluminum smelting facilities. For a typical aluminum smelter, electric power accounts for 30% to 40% of the factory cost of producing primary aluminum. In the continental United States, Alcoa Inc. currently owns and/or operates ten aluminum smelters and many associated fabricating facilities with a combined average load of over 2,600 MW. This presents Alcoa Inc. with a significant opportunity to respond in areas where economic opportunities exist to help mitigate rising energy costs by supplying demand response services into the energy system. This report is organized into seven chapters. The first chapter is the introduction and discusses the intention of this report. The second chapter contains the background. In this chapter, topics include: the motivation for Alcoa to provide demand response; ancillary service definitions; the basics behind aluminum smelting; and a discussion of suggested ancillary services that would be particularly useful for Alcoa to supply. Chapter 3 is concerned with the independent system operator, the Midwest ISO. Here the discussion examines the evolving Midwest ISO market structure including specific definitions, requirements, and necessary components to provide ancillary services. This section is followed by information concerning the Midwest ISO's classifications of demand response parties. Chapter 4 investigates the available opportunities at Alcoa's Warrick facility. Chapter 5 involves an in-depth discussion of the regulation service that Alcoa's Warrick facility can provide and the current interactions with Midwest ISO. Chapter 6 reviews future plans and expectations for Alcoa providing ancillary services into the market. Last, chapter 7, details the conclusion and recommendations of this paper.

Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL; Todd, Duane [Alcoa; Caulfield, Michael [Alcoa; Helms, Brian [Alcoa

2009-02-01

431

47 CFR 76.944 - Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the basic service tier and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Commission review of franchising authority decisions on...76.944 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST...Regulation § 76.944 Commission review of franchising authority decisions...

2012-10-01

432

Automated ancillary cancer history classification for mesothelioma patients from free-text clinical reports  

PubMed Central

Background: Clinical records are often unstructured, free-text documents that create information extraction challenges and costs. Healthcare delivery and research organizations, such as the National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank, require the aggregation of both structured and unstructured data types. Natural language processing offers techniques for automatically extracting information from unstructured, free-text documents. Methods: Five hundred and eight history and physical reports from mesothelioma patients were split into development (208) and test sets (300). A reference standard was developed and each report was annotated by experts with regard to the patient’s personal history of ancillary cancer and family history of any cancer. The Hx application was developed to process reports, extract relevant features, perform reference resolution and classify them with regard to cancer history. Two methods, Dynamic-Window and ConText, for extracting information were evaluated. Hx’s classification responses using each of the two methods were measured against the reference standard. The average Cohen’s weighted kappa served as the human benchmark in evaluating the system. Results: Hx had a high overall accuracy, with each method, scoring 96.2%. F-measures using the Dynamic-Window and ConText methods were 91.8% and 91.6%, which were comparable to the human benchmark of 92.8%. For the personal history classification, Dynamic-Window scored highest with 89.2% and for the family history classification, ConText scored highest with 97.6%, in which both methods were comparable to the human benchmark of 88.3% and 97.2%, respectively. Conclusion: We evaluated an automated application’s performance in classifying a mesothelioma patient’s personal and family history of cancer from clinical reports. To do so, the Hx application must process reports, identify cancer concepts, distinguish the known mesothelioma from ancillary cancers, recognize negation, perform reference resolution and determine the experiencer. Results indicated that both information extraction methods tested were dependant on the domain-specific lexicon and negation extraction. We showed that the more general method, ConText, performed as well as our task-specific method. Although Dynamic- Window could be modified to retrieve other concepts, ConText is more robust and performs better on inconclusive concepts. Hx could greatly improve and expedite the process of extracting data from free-text, clinical records for a variety of research or healthcare delivery organizations.

Wilson, Richard A.; Chapman, Wendy W.; DeFries, Shawn J.; Becich, Michael J.; Chapman, Brian E.

2010-01-01

433

Utilizing Ancillary Ligands to Optimize the Photophysical Properties of 4H-Imidazole Ruthenium Dyes.  

PubMed

Correlations between structural features and photophysical properties offer the possibility to design dyes with tailor-made properties. In this respect, the photophysical properties of a series of 4H-imidazole (4H-im) ruthenium dyes with varying chemical and electronic structures of the complex fragments [(tpy)Ru(4H-im)X] {tpy=4,4',4''-tri-tert-butyl-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine; X=Cl(-) , NCS(-) } and [(bpy)2?Ru(4H-im)](+) {bpy=4,4'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-bipyridine} were investigated. Variation of the ?-donor/acceptor properties of the ancillary ligands offers the possibility to tune the relative energies of the d donor and ?* acceptor orbitals of 4H-im, which results in a shift in the Ru?4H-im (1) MLCT (MLCT=metal-to-ligand charge transfer) absorption band in the visible range. Further, the energies of the excited states and also the interactions and mixing of the metal d orbital with the ?* 4H-im orbital are sensitive to the chemical and electronic structures of the complex fragment. This causes subtle changes in the photoinduced processes; for example, the rate of the interim population of a planarized state increases with increasing/decreasing ?-acceptor/donor character of the ancillary ligand. Although ground-state repopulation in the tpy species follows the energy-gap law, local symmetry-related effects have to be considered to account for the very short lifetime of the excitation in the bpy complex. Additionally, the ultrafast intramolecular relaxation processes leading from the initially excited states to the relaxed triplet states localized on the 4H-im ligand (internal conversion, internal vibrational energy redistribution, intersystem crossing) depend on the nature of the complex fragment. The high excitation-wavelength-dependent rate for the population of the relaxed triplet states in the bpy complex points to additional interligand electron-transfer contributions upon excitation into the higher lying Ru?bpy (1) MLCT states. PMID:23839954

Wächtler, Maria; Maiuri, Margherita; Brida, Daniele; Popp, Jürgen; Rau, Sven; Cerullo, Giulio; Dietzek, Benjamin

2013-07-09

434

Ancillary tools in pacemaker and defibrillator lead extraction using a novel lead removal system.  

PubMed

A previous report described our preliminary experience with a highly successful pacing lead removal system (VasoExtor). Extending this experience, we found it necessary to use additional tools to enhance the success of percutaneous lead extraction with this system. In the present series, we used the standard locking stylets (S and K), and recently, one newer type of stylet (Magic) over the last 3 years in 34 patients to extract 48 pacemaker leads in 31 patients and 3 defibrillator (ICD) leads in 3 patients. Lead extraction was carried out in 23 men and 11 women (aged 64 +/- 17 years) because of pacemaker infection (n = 21), pacemaker (n = 8) or ICD (n = 3) lead malfunction, or prior to ICD implant (n = 2). Leads were in place for 3.5 +/- 3.7 years. Infections, involving pocket and lead(s), were due to S. epidermidis (n = 13), S. aureus (n = 6), S. aureus plus E. coli (n = 1), for fungi (n = 1). Of the 48 pacing leads, 31 were ventricular, 15 atrial, and 2 were VDD leads. The ICD leads were two double-coil leads (CPI) and one single-coil lead (Telectronics). Using the S (n = 12), K (n = 8), or Magic (n = 3) stylets, all pacing leads in 23 patients and the ICD leads in 2 patients were successfully removed from a subclavian approach using the locking stylets. However, in nine (26.5%) patients ancillary tools were required. In four patients, lead fragments were captured with use of a noose catheter, a pigtail catheter, and a bioptome from a right femoral approach. In two patients, locking could not be effected and a noose catheter from the right femoral vein was used, aided by a pigtail and an Amplatz catheter and a bioptome to remove three leads. In a patient with an ICD lead, a combined subclavian (stylet S) and right femoral approach (noose catheter) was required. In a patient with a dysfunctional ventricular lead 12 years old, a motor drive unit was used to facilitate the exchange of locking stylets, but extraction failed. In another patient, a fragment of a dysfunctional ventricular lead remained intravascularly despite resorting to a femoral approach. Finally, lead removal was completely (32/34, 94%) or partially (1/34, 3%) successful in 33 (97%) of 34 patients for 50 (98%) of 51 leads without complications. In conclusion, to enhance the success of pacing or ICD lead extraction with use of the VascoExtor locking stylets, an array of ancillary tools were required in more than one fourth of patients. PMID:11310295

Manolis, A S; Maounis, T N; Vassilikos, V; Chiladakis, J; Melita-Manolis, H; Cokkinos, D V

2001-03-01

435

76 FR 36400 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...new energy storage plant and equipment be...existing utility plant functional classifications...distribution, and production) or should a new...on the specific plant accounts and account...issues. 2. Cost of Power Used in Storage...resources may purchase electricity and store it...

2011-06-22

436

78 FR 46177 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...sale, or to use such energy to provide reliability...storage and compressed air energy storage, regenerative fuel cells, batteries, superconducting magnetic energy storage, flywheels...Incorporating Energy Storage Plant Accounts Into...

2013-07-30

437

Steam power plant repowering to provide black-start ancillary service and speed up power system restoration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power system restoration via repowered plants has been considered to compare it with present operating solutions, frequently committing remote hydro or combustion black-start generators. After detailing about specific modeling of prime movers for start-up procedures, extensive simulations are here reported to highlight main characteristics of the various restoration phases. The obtained results suggest providing repowered plants with black-start capability, thus

B. Delfino; G. B. Denegri; M. Invernizzi

2003-01-01

438

47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...reasonable launch window following a satellite failure. (iii) All MSS ATC licensees must report any satellite failures, malfunctions or outages that may require satellite replacement within ten days of...

2009-10-01

439

47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...reasonable launch window following a satellite failure. (iii) All MSS ATC licensees must report any satellite failures, malfunctions or outages that may require satellite replacement within ten days of...

2010-10-01

440

75 FR 22125 - Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services by...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Utilities; Notice of New Docket Prefix...Land Acquisition Reports and Guidelines for...hereby given that a new docket prefix...Land Acquisition Reports' (LA Reports...reported. Each LA Report will now receive a new prefix...

2010-04-27

441

77 FR 40413 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric Storage Technologies; Proposed...Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric Storage Technologies AGENCY: Federal...Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric Storage Technologies, 135...

2012-07-09

442

Reviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 17 books and curriculum materials of interest to secondary science teachers. Topics include plant science, pollution, fishes, science investigations, general zoology, neurobiology, electronics, and the environment. (MLH)

Schodde, P.; Ed.

1976-01-01

443

Reviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews 17 books and curriculum materials of interest to secondary science teachers. Topics include plant science, pollution, fishes, science investigations, general zoology, neurobiology, electronics, and the environment. (MLH)|

Schodde, P.; Ed.

1976-01-01

444

Review of Pension Costs Claimed for Medicare Reimbursement by CIGNA Government Services, LLC, for Fiscal Years 2005 Through 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During our audit period, CIGNA Government Services, LLC (CGS), administered Medicare Part B and durable medical equipment operations for Connecticut General Life Insurance Company (CGLIC), the legal entity that entered into these cost reimbursement contra...

2010-01-01

445

42 CFR 422.626 - Fast-track appeals of service terminations to independent review entities (IREs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...threat to the enrollee's health or safety. (c) Burden of proof. When an enrollee appeals an MA organization's decision to terminate services to an IRE, the burden of proof rests with the MA organization to demonstrate...

2012-10-01

446

Synoptic Review of U.S. Rangelands. A Technical Document Supporting the Forest Service 2010 RPA Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 requires the USDA Forest Service to conduct assessments of resource conditions. This report fulfills that need and focuses on quantifying extent, productivity, and health of U.S. rangelands. Since 1982, the are...

J. E. Mitchell M. C. Reeves

2012-01-01

447

Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BOOK REVIEWS (99) Complete A-Z Physics Handbook Science Magic in the Kitchen The Science of Cooking Science Experiments You Can Eat WEB WATCH (101) These journal themes are pasta joke Microwave oven Web links CD REVIEW (104) Electricity and Magnetism, KS3 Big Science Comics

2004-01-01

448

Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WEB WATCH (356) Exercising your mind: discover the physics of sport on the Web EQUIPMENT (361) Spectrometer suits classroom use Igniting interest in the gas laws RESOURCE REVIEWS (362) Spectrum delivers customizable science course for Key Stage 3 Catalyst: A framework for success BOOK REVIEW (363) Revealing the buried past

2004-07-01

449

The KCNE2 potassium channel ancillary subunit is essential for gastric acid secretion.  

PubMed

Genes in the KCNE family encode single transmembrane domain ancillary subunits that co-assemble with voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channel alpha subunits to alter their function. KCNE2 (also known as MiRP1) is expressed in the heart, is associated with human cardiac arrhythmia, and modulates cardiac Kv alpha subunits hERG and KCNQ1 in vitro. KCNE2 and KCNQ1 are also expressed in parietal cells, leading to speculation they form a native channel complex there. Here, we disrupted the murine kcne2 gene and found that kcne2 (-/-) mice have a severe gastric phenotype with profoundly reduced parietal cell proton secretion, abnormal parietal cell morphology, achlorhydria, hypergastrinemia, and striking gastric glandular hyperplasia arising from an increase in the number of non-acid secretory cells. KCNQ1 exhibited abnormal distribution in gastric glands from kcne2 (-/-) mice, with increased expression in non-acid secretory cells. Parietal cells from kcne2 (+/-) mice exhibited normal architecture but reduced proton secretion, and kcne2 (+/-) mice were hypochlorhydric, indicating a gene-dose effect and a primary defect in gastric acid secretion. These data demonstrate that KCNE2 is essential for gastric acid secretion, the first genetic evidence that a member of the KCNE gene family is required for normal gastrointestinal function. PMID:16754665

Roepke, Torsten K; Anantharam, Arun; Kirchhoff, Philipp; Busque, Stephanie M; Young, Jeffrey B; Geibel, John P; Lerner, Daniel J; Abbott, Geoffrey W

2006-06-05

450

Ancillary ligand effects upon dithiolene redox noninnocence in tungsten bis(dithiolene) complexes.  

PubMed

An expanded set of compounds of the type [W(S2C2Me2)2L1L2](n) (n = 0: L1 = L2 = CO, 1; L1 = L2 = CN(t)Bu, 2; L1 = CO, L2 = carbene, 3; L1 = CO, L2 = phosphine, 4; L1 = L2 = phosphine, 5. n = 2-: L1 = L2 = CN(-), [6](2-)) has been synthesized and characterized. Despite isoelectronic formulations, the compound set reveals gradations in the dithiolene ligand redox level as revealed by intraligand bond lengths, ?(CCchelate), and rising edge energies in the sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption spectra (XAS). Differences among the terminal series members, 1 and [6](2-), are comparable to differences seen in homoleptic dithiolene complexes related by full electron transfer to/from a dithiolene-based MO. The key feature governing these differences is the favorable energy of the CO ?* orbitals, which are suitably positioned to overlap with tungsten d orbitals and exert an oxidizing effect on both metal and dithiolene ligand via ?-backbonding. The CN(-) ?* orbitals are too high in energy to mix effectively with tungsten and thus leave the filled dithiolene ?* orbitals unperturbed. This work shows how, and the degree to which, the redox level of a noninnocent ligand can be modulated by the choice of ancillary ligands(s). PMID:23675834

Yan, Yong; Keating, Christopher; Chandrasekaran, Perumalreddy; Jayarathne, Upul; Mague, Joel T; DeBeer, Serena; Lancaster, Kyle M; Sproules, Stephen; Rubtsov, Igor V; Donahue, James P

2013-05-15

451

Prosomeric map of the lamprey forebrain based on calretinin immunocytochemistry, Nissl stain, and ancillary markers.  

PubMed

The structural organization of the lamprey extratelencephalic forebrain is re-examined from the perspective of the prosomeric segmental paradigm. The question asked was whether the prosomeric forebrain model used for gnathostomes is of material advantage for interpreting subdivisions in the lamprey forebrain. To this aim, the main longitudinal and transverse landmarks recognized by the prosomeric model in other vertebrates were identified in Nissl-stained lamprey material. Lines of cytoarchitectural discontinuity and contours of migrated neuronal groups were mapped in a two-dimensional sagittal representation and were also classified according to their radial position. Immunocytochemical mapping of calretinin expression in adjacent sections served to define particular structural units better, in particular, the dorsal thalamus. These data were complemented by numerous other chemoarchitectonic observations obtained with ancillary markers, which identified additional specific formations, subdivisions, or boundaries. Emphasis was placed on studying whether such chemically defined neuronal groups showed boundaries aligned with the postulated inter- or intraprosomeric boundaries. The course of diverse axonal tracts was studied also with regard to their prosomeric topography. This analysis showed that the full prosomeric model applies straightforwardly to the lamprey forebrain. This finding implies that a common segmental and longitudinal organization of the neural tube may be primitive for all vertebrates. Interesting novel aspects appear in the interpretation of the lamprey pretectum, the dorsal and ventral thalami, and the hypothalamus. The topologic continuity of the prosomeric forebrain regions with evaginated or non-evaginated portions of the telencephalon was also examined. PMID:10516604

Pombal, M A; Puelles, L

1999-11-22

452

Synthesis, characterization and properties of copper(I) complexes with bis(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene ancillary ligand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three copper(I) complexes (2-4) containing dppf ancillary ligand (dppf = bis(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene) were synthesized when chloride-bridged copper(I) complex 1 reacted with acetanilide and characterized by IR, element analysis and NMR spectrum. And the crystal structures of complexes 2 and 4 have been determined by X-ray diffraction method. Complex 2, an acetate-bridged copper(I) complex, was obtained under N2 atmosphere in un-dried solvent; the acetate ion came from the hydrolysis reaction of acetanilide due to residual water in solvent. Acetanilide was deprotonated and coordinated with the copper(I) centre to form a copper(I) amidate complex 3 when reacted in pre-dried solvent. In addition, a known complex 4, the oxidation product of dppf, was isolated from the same reaction system when reacted in air atmosphere. CV and TG experiments were carried out to check the electron transfer properties and thermal stabilities of complexes 2-3. Finally, the arylation reaction of complex 3 with iodobenzene was performed to study the reaction mechanism of copper(I) catalyzed Goldberg reaction.

Liu, Xinfang; Zhang, Songlin; Ding, Yuqiang

2012-06-01

453

star Miner: A suit of classifiers for spatial, temporal, ancillary, and remote sensing data mining  

SciTech Connect

Thematic classification of multi-spectral remotely sensed imagery for large geographic regions requires complex algorithms and feature selection techniques. Traditional statistical classifiers rely exclusively on spectral characteristics, but thematic classes are often spectrally overlapping. The spectral response distributions of thematic classes are dependent on many factors including terrain, slope, aspect, soil type, and atmospheric conditions present during the image acquisition. With the availability of geo-spatial databases, it is possible to exploit the knowledge derived from these ancillary geo-spatial databases to improve the classification accuracies. However, it is not easy to incorporate this additional knowledge into traditional statistical classification methods. On the other hand, knowledge-based and neural network classifiers can readily incorporate these spatial databases, but these systems are often complex to train and their accuracy is only slightly better than statistical classifiers. In this paper we present a new suit of classifiers developed through NASA funding, which addresses many of these problems and provide a framework for mining multi-spectral and temporal remote sensing images guided by geo-spatial databases.

Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL; Shekhar, Shashi [University of Minnesota; Burk, Thomas E [University of Minnesota; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2008-01-01

454

Trace metal and ancillary data in the watersheds and urban embayments of Puget Sound. Data report  

SciTech Connect

This is the first of three data reports encompassing trace metal and ancillary data obtained by the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) of NOAA in Puget Sound, Washington, between 1979 and 1986. The report includes the complete data set from two urban embayments (Elliott and Commencement Bays) and the watersheds discharging into Puget Sound. Building on research then underway at PMEL on estuarine circulation, laboratory scientists began a coordinated study that began with the description of the distribution of properties (salinity, temperature, trace metals and trace organics) in the water column and underlying sediments. The objectives of the Marine Environmental Quality trace metal program were (1) to quantify the sources and sinks of selected trace metals for Puget Sound, (2) to determine geochemical mechanisms that transform trace metals between the dissolved and particulate phases and (3) to determine to what extent these geochemical mechanisms alter the fate of trace metals entering Puget Sound. The text of the data report consists of the sampling and analytical methods with the accompanying quality control/quality assurance data. The text of the data sections are a summary of the data and published literature in which the data are interpreted along with a catalogue of the data available on microfiche located in the back pocket of the data report.

Paulson, A.J.; Curl, H.C.; Feely, R.A.; Massoth, G.J.; Krogslund, K.A.

1991-04-01

455

A review of health professional attitudes and patient perceptions on 'inappropriate' accident and emergency attendances. The implications for current minor injury service provision in England and Wales.  

PubMed

Increasing attendances in accident and emergency (A and E) departments in the United Kingdom have been attributed to a greater number of patients presenting with minor injuries. A and E staff believe this type of patient is suitable for primary care, and is 'inappropriate' for A and E management. Thus, A and E staff find 'inappropriate' attenders time-consuming and unrewarding, and are less motivated to help them, whilst 'inappropriate' patients believe they have attended the appropriate service for their medical needs and expectations. This review examines research into health professional and patient attitudes towards 'inappropriate' attendances in accident and emergency. It identifies a discrepancy between health professional and patient perspectives regarding 'inappropriate' attendances. However, the change in accident and emergency services with the development of minor injury units and nurse practitioners within A and E to treat minor injury patients away from the mainstream A and E service, appears to be based on the professional attitude of what constitutes an appropriate A and E attendance, and not on the patients' perspective. As negative attitude formation towards 'inappropriate' A and E attendances has occurred, there is concern that such attitudes could remain or develop again in the new units. Patients are generally not medically trained and may experience difficulty in ascertaining the severity of their own condition and attending the 'appropriate' service, as defined by trained professionals. This is exacerbated by the unclear boundaries and roles of minor injury units, nurse practitioners and general practitioners in minor injury care. Therefore research is required into current attendances in minor injury units, A and E departments and general practice, in order to develop clear roles and boundaries for these services. More importantly, research is warranted into the attitudes of all minor injury care providers towards attending patients, and into patient perceptions of the services offered. PMID:10840243

Sanders, J

2000-05-01

456

Engineering Task Plan for the Integrity Assessment Examination of Double Contained Receiver Tanks (DCRT) Catch Tanks and Ancillary facilities  

SciTech Connect

This Engineering Task Plan (ETP) presents the integrity assessment examination of three DCRTs, seven catch tanks, and two ancillary facilities located in the 200 East and West Areas of the Hanford Site. The integrity assessment examinations, as described in this ETP, will provide the necessary information to enable the independently qualified registered professional engineer (IQRPE) to assess the condition and integrity of these facilities. The plan is consistent with the Double-Shell Tank Waste Transfer Facilities Integrity Assessment Plan.

BECKER, D.L.

2000-05-23

457

Initial assessment of strategic plans for improving the performance of veterinary services in developing countries: a review of OIE PVS gap analysis reports.  

PubMed

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) carries out Gap Analysis missions (if a country so wishes) as part of its programme to assess and improve the Performance of Veterinary Services (the 'PVS Pathway') in Member Countries. These Gap Analysis missions have found that many national Veterinary Services comply to only a limited extent with the international standards established by the OIE and that their competence is compromised by poor governance. This failure threatens animal and public health not only nationally but also internationally. The OIE PVS Gap Analysis reports reviewed found that all the Veterinary Services have a strong vision and commitmentto improvement but are held back by a weak chain of command, inadequate and outdated legislation, insufficient funding, weak technical competencies, compromised technical independence, poor communications and limited joint programmes. There are weaknesses across all the core technical areas of trade, animal health, veterinary public health and veterinary laboratories and also in the overall management of the Veterinary Services. The OIE PVS Gap Analysis missions recommend significant increases in budget in all countries. PMID:23413738

Weaver, J; Leon, E; Edan, M; D'Alessio, F

2012-08-01

458

A review of an out-of-hours telephone support service for palliative care patients and their families.  

PubMed

Offering people at the end stages of life the chance to die in their own homes is acknowledged good practice and can bring comfort to terminally ill people, but it can also be a hard choice to sustain. Carers may find it extremely difficult to cope with the emotional ordeal of losing a loved one and dealing with the medical problems that are involved but their voices are infrequently heard. This study reports an evaluation of an out-of-hours service operating in one primary care trust in north east England, and focuses on the use of a telephone support service, which backed up domiciliary visits by specialist palliative care nurses. Interviews, focus groups and an open-ended questionnaire were carried out with 27 participants. Results revealed that staff, patients and carers appreciated being able to telephone the service (reactive). In addition carers felt particularly well supported by the service staff who proactively telephoned them on an agreed basis as part of the highly individualized telephone monitoring scheme. Such services support the call for the creation of a whole system approach for both palliative care patients and their carers. PMID:20871499

Carlebach, Sarit; Shucksmith, Janet

2010-09-01

459

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a review of both the Apple and IBM versions of ENZPACK, a software package which is designed to assist in the teaching of enzyme kinetics in courses where this topic is treated in some depth. (TW)|

Journal of Chemical Education, 1987

1987-01-01

460

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews two chemistry software packages: (1) "Organic Reaction Chemistry" (organic chemistry, college level, Apple II); and (2) "Chemical Reactions, Reactions in Aqueous Solution, and Oxidation Reduction Reactions" (general chemistry, college level, IBM). (MVL)

Journal of Chemical Education, 1989

1989-01-01

461

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews four software packages available for IBM PC or Apple II. Includes "Graphical Analysis III"; "Space Max: Space Station Construction Simulation"; "Guesstimation"; and "Genetic Engineering Toolbox." Focuses on each packages' strengths in a high school context. (CW)|

Science Teacher, 1988

1988-01-01

462

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviewed are two computer software packages including "ATOMS-Atomic Structure Display," and "Desktop Molecular Modeller." Discussed are hardware, components, level, cost, strengths, weaknesses, and value for teaching. (CW)|

Journal of Chemical Education, 1990

1990-01-01

463

12 CFR 704.12 - Permissible services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...management. These services may include loan reviews, investment portfolio reviews and investment advisory services. (3) Electronic...include liquidity planning and balance sheet modeling and analysis. (6) Operational services. Operational...

2013-01-01

464

Effect of ancillary ligands on the electronic structures, DNA-binding and spectral properties of [Co(L) 2(pip)] 3+ (L = phen, bpy, en, tap)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on the electronic structures and related properties of a series of Co(?) complexes have been carried out, using the density functional theory (DFT) at the B3LYP\\/LanL2DZ level. The effect of the ancillary ligands on their electronic structures, DNA-binding affinities and spectra was revealed. The results show that an ancillary ligand has quite important effect on electronic structures and DNA-binding

Ti-Fang Miao; Li Qian; Si-Yan Liao; Hai-Liang Lu; Kang-Cheng Zheng; Liang-Nian Ji

2008-01-01

465

Forecast competitor service strategy with service taxonomy and CI data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to develop a service taxonomy model and a mathematical process to forecast a competitor's service business strategy in a multiple service business context by inputting CI data such as the profits of existing core services. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A qualitative method of literature review is adopted to build a service taxonomy model and form two propositions.

Chun-Hsien Liu; Chu-Ching Wang

2008-01-01

466

Primate gammaretroviruses require an ancillary factor not required for murine gammaretroviruses to infect BHK cells.  

PubMed

BHK cells remain resistant to xenotropic murine retrovirus-related virus (XMRV) or gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) infection, even when their respective receptors, Xpr1 or PiT1, are expressed. We set out to determine the stage at which viral infection is blocked and whether this block is mediated by a dominant-negative factor or the absence of a requisite ancillary factor. BHK cells bind neither XMRV nor GALV envelope proteins. BHK cells expressing the appropriate receptors bind XMRV or GALV envelope proteins. BHK cells can be infected by NZB-XMV(New Zealand Black mouse xenotropic murine virus)-enveloped vectors, expressing an envelope derived from a xenotropic retrovirus that, like XMRV, employs Xpr1 as a receptor, and also by vectors bearing the envelope of 10A1 murine leukemia virus (MLV), a murine retrovirus that can use PiT1 as a receptor. The retroviral vectors used in these analyses differ solely in their viral envelope proteins, suggesting that the block to XMRV and GALV infection is mediated at the level of envelope-receptor interactions. N-linked glycosylation of the receptors was not found to mediate resistance of receptor-expressing BHK cells to GALV or XMRV, as shown by tunicamycin treatment and mutation of the specific glycosylation site of the PiT1 receptor. Hybrid cells produced by fusing BHKXpr1 or BHKPiT1 to XMRV- or GALV-resistant cells, respectively, can mediate efficient XMRV or GALV infection. These findings indicate that BHK cells lack a factor that is required for infection by primate xenotropic viruses. This factor is not required for viruses that use the same receptors but were directly isolated from mice. PMID:21270153

Xu, Wenqin; Eiden, Maribeth V

2011-01-26

467

Screening for Speech and Language Delay in Preschool Children: Systematic Evidence Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND. Speech and language development is a useful indicator of a child's overall development and cognitive ability and is related to school success. Identi- fication of children at risk for developmental delay or related problems may lead to intervention services and family assistance at a young age, when the chances for improvement are best. However, optimal methods for screening for

Heidi D. Nelson; Peggy Nygren; Miranda Walker; Rita Panoscha

2006-01-01

468

Trends in colorectal cancer care in southern England, 1989-1993: using HES data to inform cancer services reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper describes trends in hospital activity, hospital admissions, and treatments for colorectal cancer on residents of the South Thames regions (population 8 million) between 1989-1993 against the background of the Calman Report on the future of cancer services in England and Wales. METHODS: The analyses are derived from UK hospital data, which are collected as finished consultant episodes

A. M. Pollock; N. Vickers

1998-01-01

469

Food Safety and Inspection Service Policy for Control of Poultry Contaminated by Digestive Tract Contents: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This paper discusses policy changes from 1957 to present that the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has made regarding handling of poultry carcasses that were accidentally contaminated by feces or ingesta during slaughter and processing. Since 1957, FSIS has reevaluated its position in light of new scientific evidence on methods for handling contaminated poultry. The FSISwillcontinuetomakescientificallysupportedchangesthatareconsistentwithHazardAnalysis and Critical

J. Rasekh; A. M. Thaler; D. L. Engeljohn; N. H. Pihkala

470

A Review of the Major Issues and Problems of Welfare Reform; A Background Paper Developed for the Community Services Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This background paper was developed for the Community Services Administration (CSA) in order to provide background information concerning welfare reform. It examines possible public assistance strategies, such as the following: (1) broad-based cash transfer (negative income tax, wage rate subsidies, demogrants, and family allowances), (2)…

Technical Assistance Research Programs, Inc., Washington, DC.

471

Prince and Income Elasticity of the Demand for Health Insurance and Health Care Services: A Critical Review of the Literature.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Resolving the national debate on the affordability of health care is likely to turn, at least in part, on the question of how consumer demand for health insurance and health care services responds to changes in price or income. Estimates of responsiveness...

D. Chollet S. Liu

2006-01-01

472

Review of National Government Services, Inc., Medicare Payments to Providers Terminated Between January 1, 2003, and January 31, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pursuant to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (the Act), the Medicare program provides health insurance for people aged 65 and over and those who are disabled or have permanent kidney disease. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), which...

2010-01-01

473

Review of SISA Student Dissertations on Library and Information Systems and Services in Eastern and Southern Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes student dissertations at the School of Information Studies for Africa (SISA) at Addis Ababa University (Ethiopia) in order to present an overview of the library and information systems and services available in seven eastern and southern African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. (Author/LRW)

Chowdhury, G. G.; Tadesse, Taye T.

1995-01-01

474

Mental health impact of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts: a review of US research, service provision, and programmatic responses.  

PubMed

Although documentation that war inflicts psychological casualties dates back to the American Civil War and earlier, most research began after the Vietnam conflict, when studies focused on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). With ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, there has been significant research to illuminate the epidemiology of war-related psychological casualties. Significant findings include an appreciation for the role combat plays in the development of mental disorders, including PTSD and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Recent research has endeavoured to understand and improve psychological resilience to temper potentially adverse mental health effects of military service in the theatre of combat operations. Over 2 million US service members have now deployed and returned over 3 million times to the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. Mental health providers in the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs healthcare systems have consequently observed steep increases in mental health service use among these personnel. The Departments have responded aggressively to bolster staffing levels, increase capacity, improve available services, and anticipate future needs. Scientists and clinicians continue efforts to understand the determinants, prevention, recognition, and treatment of combat-related mental disorders. PMID:21521083

Wells, Timothy S; Miller, Shannon C; Adler, Amy B; Engel, Charles C; Smith, Tyler C; Fairbank, John A

2011-04-01

475

Role of Home and Community-Based Services in Meeting the Health Care Needs of People with AIDS: Literature Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides an overview of the literature describing the delivery and financing of home- and community-based services for people with AIDS, focusing on the literature of the past five years. Its primary conclusions are: The need for publicly funde...

J. Schoff J. Schore

1997-01-01

476

Doing a Good Deed or Confounding the Problem? Peer Review and Sociology Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how the peer review process influences the writing and publication of sociology textbooks and the teaching of sociology. States that the peer review process may influence the final textbook in five ways: (1) degree of innovation; (2) length; (3) reading level; (4) cloning ancillaries and accessories; and (5) using reviewers as marketing…

Kendall, Diana

1999-01-01

477

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews three computer software packages for chemistry education including "Osmosis and Diffusion" and "E.M.E. Titration Lab" for Apple II and "Simplex-V: An Interactive Computer Program for Experimental Optimization" for IBM PC. Summary ratings include ease of use, content, pedagogic value, student reaction, and cost. (CW)|

Journal of Chemical Education, 1988

1988-01-01

478

Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review summarizes our present knowledge about the composition and function of the plant nuclear envelope. Compared with animals or yeast, our molec- ular understanding of the nuclear envelope in higher plants is in its infancy. However, fundamental differ- ences in the structure and function of the plant and animal nuclear envelope have already been found. Here, we compare and

M. I. Logan; A. J. Rose

1957-01-01

479

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews four organic chemistry computer programs and three books. Software includes: (1) NMR Simulator 7--for IBM or Macintosh, (2) Nucleic Acid Structure and Synthesis--for IBM, (3) Molecular Design Editor--for Apple II, and (4) Synthetic Adventure--for Apple II and IBM. Book topics include physical chemistry, polymer pioneers, and the basics of…

Newland, Robert J.; And Others

1988-01-01

480

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computer software, audiovisuals, and books are reviewed. Includes topics on interfacing, ionic equilibrium, space, the classification system, Acquired Immune Disease Syndrome, evolution, human body processes, energy, pesticides, teaching school, cells, and geological aspects. Availability, price, and a description of each are provided. (RT)|

Repak, Arthur J.; And Others

1988-01-01

481

Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews a software planetarium package called "Sky Travel." Includes two audiovisuals: "Conquest of Space" and "Windows on Science: Earth Science"; and four books: "Small Energy Sources: Choices that Work,""Stonehenge Complete,""Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science 1789-1979," and "The Rise of Urbanization and the Decline of…

Science Teacher, 1989

1989-01-01

482

Procurement market model for reactive power services considering system security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a two-level framework for the operation of a competitive market for reactive power ancillary services. It is argued that the first-level, i.e. reactive power procurement, be on a seasonal basis while the second-level, i.e. reactive power dispatch, be close to real-time operation. To this effect, a reactive power procurement market model is proposed here taking into consideration

I. El-Smahy; K. Bhattacharya; C. Canizares; M. Anjos; Jiuping Pan

2008-01-01

483

The effects of the service environment on affect and consumer perception of waiting time: An integrative review and research propositions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of buyers’ perceptions of waiting time by service businesses may be critical to customer satisfaction. Although\\u000a reducing actual waiting time is important, what managers view as a short time to wait may feel too long to customers. Relevant\\u000a literature from architecture, environmental psychology, psychology, physiology, operations management, sociology, and marketing\\u000a is integrated to build a conceptual model of

Julie Baker; Michaelle Cameron

1996-01-01

484

Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today single-electron devices are believed to be among the top candidates to replace standard complementary metal oxide silicon field effect transistor technology at the end of the conventional semiconductor roadmap. In this review, we present a brief survey of different realizations of single-electron devices fabricated in silicon-on-insulator (SOI) films. Using a silicon-based fabrication technology allows the further utilisation of the

R. J. H. Beverton; F. C. Simmel; R. H. Blick; H. Lorenz

1999-01-01

485

The effect of spatial scale and ancillary datasets on the evaluations of EO soil moisture products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With this presentation we follow up on the results of our previous paper that assessed the quality of the ASAR GM 1 km soil moisture product with the use of AWRA-L landscape hydrological model at 1 km scale. In that paper we concluded that that RMSE and R can be predicted with use of the error assessment of ASAR GM solely. The goal of this presentation is to study a) if and how do the results of the absolute and relative evaluation measures change with spatial scale, b) if the conclusion introduced in the previous paper holds independent of scale, and c) where do the differences between different relative and absolute evaluation measures stem from. The continental average absolute evaluation measures over Australia ranged between 2.65 % (Error Propagation (EP)) and 8.44 % (RMSE) of saturated soil moisture. The relative evaluation measures spanned from 0.39 (Spearman Correlation coefficient (RS) when computed with AWRA-L SSM) to 0.57 (RS when computed with GLDAS dataset). Clearly, the results varied between different absolute and different relative evaluation techniques and were as well influenced by the selection of the ancillary dataset. As expected, RS and R corresponded and demonstrated significantly different spatial patterns to any of the absolute measures. Surprisingly, however, the spatial patterns of the EP significantly differed from RMSE at 5 km scale. This is in contrary result to the similar analyses performed at 1 km scale (Doubková et al., 2012) and suggests that the selection of spatial scale has an important impact on the evaluation results. The findings and suggestions originating from the discussion are transferable to other satellite-derived soil moisture data. Of special interest is its transfer to data from the planned Sentinel-1 SAR sensor that shares similar technical characteristics but has an improved retrieval error comparable to the ASAR GM sensor. The operationally available medium resolution soil moisture from Sentinel-1 with a well-characterized error is likely to yield benefits for modelling and monitoring of land surface-atmosphere fluxes, crop growth and water balance applications

Doubkova, Marcela; Hegyova, Alena; Bloeschl, Guenter; van Dijk, Albert; Fernàndez Prieto, Diego

2013-04-01

486

A Review of Reports Relating to the Effect of Fare and Service Changes in Metropolitan Public Transportation Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews articles and reports developed in the past ten years relating to demand elasticities for public ground intra-city transportation. It is designed to provide policy makers with a quick overview of the literature. Some major headings are: ...

D. K. Holland

1974-01-01

487

Procedures and Criteria for Review of Proposed Uses of Federal Funds in South Carolina Health Service Area III.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this manual is to set forth procedures and criteria for project review in accordance with Section 1513(e) of Public Law 93-641 as amended (Public Law 96-79, the 'National Health Planning and Resources Development Amendments of 1979') that w...

1980-01-01

488

Health Services Research as a Source of Legislative Analysis and Input: The Role of the California Health Benefits Review Program  

PubMed Central

This article examines the role of the California Health Benefits Review Program (CHBRP) as a source of information in state health policy making. It explains why the California benefits review process relies heavily on university-based researchers and employs a broad set of criteria for review, which set it apart from similar programs in other states. It then analyzes the politics of health insurance mandates and how independent research and analysis might alter the perceived benefits and costs of health insurance mandates and thus political outcomes. It considers how research and analysis is typically used by policy makers, and illustrates how participants inside and outside of state government have used the reports prepared by CHBRP as both guidance in policy design and as political ammunition. Although there is consensus that the review process has reduced the number of mandate bills that are passed out of the legislature, both supporters and opponents favor the new process and generally believe the reports strengthen their case in legislative debates over health insurance mandates. The role of the CHBRP is narrowly defined by statute at the present time, but the program may well face pressure to evolve from its current academic orientation into a more interactive, advisory role for legislators in the future.

Oliver, Thomas R; Singer, Rachel Friedman

2006-01-01

489

Using Web-Based Cases to Enhance, Extend, and Transform Pre-Service Teacher Training: Two Years in Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was part of a two-year review regarding the use of Web-based case conferencing to enhance, extend, and transform the learning of preservice teachers in an introductory educational psychology course. First, Web conferencing enhanced the learning opportunities within educa