Science.gov

Sample records for ancillary services review

  1. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles; Kintner-Meyer, Michael

    2007-05-01

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in all wholesale electricity markets.

  2. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of InternationalExperience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    SciTech Connect

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-05-01

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for andexperiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in fiveelectricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordicmarket, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objectivein undertaking this review of international experience was to identifyspecific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads toeffectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hopethat this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S.and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments areneeded to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in allwholesale electricity markets.

  3. Unbundling electricity: Ancillary services

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

    1996-06-01

    The US electricity industry, dominated by vertically integrated, retail-monopoly, regulated utilities, is undergoing enormous changes. The industry, within the next few years, will evolve into a deintegrated, competitive-market dominated, less regulated industry. Part of this process involves unbundling electric generation from transmission, which raises the issue of ancillary services. Since the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) published its March 1995 proposed rule on open-access transmission, ancillary services have been an important topic. Ancillary services are those functions performed by the equipment and people that generate, control, transmit, and distribute electricity to support the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. These services cost US electricity consumers about $12 billion a year. This article examines the functions performed by the equipment and people that generate, control, transmit, and distribute electricity to support the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery.

  4. 18 CFR 35.40 - Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...FILING OF RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services at Market-Based Rates § 35.40 Ancillary services. A Seller may make sales of ancillary services at market-based rates...

  5. 18 CFR 35.40 - Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...FILING OF RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services at Market-Based Rates § 35.40 Ancillary services. A Seller may make sales of ancillary services at market-based rates...

  6. Reconsidering the measurement of ancillary service performance.

    PubMed

    Griffin, D T; Rauscher, J A

    1987-08-01

    Prospective payment reimbursement systems have forced hospitals to review their costs more carefully. The result of the increased emphasis on costs is that many hospitals use costs, rather than margin, to judge the performance of ancillary services. However, arbitrary selection of performance measures for ancillary services can result in managerial decisions contrary to hospital objectives. Managerial accounting systems provide models which assist in the development of performance measures for ancillary services. Selection of appropriate performance measures provides managers with the incentive to pursue goals congruent with those of the hospital overall. This article reviews the design and implementation of managerial accounting systems, and considers the impact of prospective payment systems and proposed changes in capital reimbursement on this process. PMID:10317937

  7. Ancillary Services Provided from DER

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, J.B.

    2005-12-21

    Distributed energy resources (DER) are quickly making their way to industry primarily as backup generation. They are effective at starting and then producing full-load power within a few seconds. The distribution system is aging and transmission system development has not kept up with the growth in load and generation. The nation's transmission system is stressed with heavy power flows over long distances, and many areas are experiencing problems in providing the power quality needed to satisfy customers. Thus, a new market for DER is beginning to emerge. DER can alleviate the burden on the distribution system by providing ancillary services while providing a cost adjustment for the DER owner. This report describes 10 types of ancillary services that distributed generation (DG) can provide to the distribution system. Of these 10 services the feasibility, control strategy, effectiveness, and cost benefits are all analyzed as in the context of a future utility-power market. In this market, services will be provided at a local level that will benefit the customer, the distribution utility, and the transmission company.

  8. Design of Ancillary Service Markets1 Shmuel S. Oren,

    E-print Network

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Design of Ancillary Service Markets1 Shmuel S. Oren, University of California at Berkeley Berkeley the design of bid selection protocols and settlement rules in ancillary service markets. Such markets of such protocols. 1. Introduction A common aspect shared by the various designs of restructured electricity markets

  9. Load Participation in Ancillary Services System from An Operator Perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Kujawski, Don; Petri, Mark C.

    2011-10-25

    Ancillary services as defined by FERC (Order 888) distinguished by response time, duration, frequency. Met when DR has capability to balance supply and demand; and LMP payment to DR is cost effective.

  10. 16 CFR 1.62 - Ancillary court orders pending review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Ancillary court orders pending review. 1.62 Section 1.62 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Injunctive and Condemnation Proceedings § 1.62 Ancillary court orders pending...

  11. 77 FR 40413 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-09

    ...experimental basis until the Commission has more experience with the evolution of ancillary service markets and in reviewing the quality...its accounting and reporting requirements keep pace with the evolution of the electric industry. As the industry has evolved,...

  12. Demand Response Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Hummon, M.

    2014-04-01

    Demand response (DR) resources present a potentially important source of grid flexibility particularly on future systems with high penetrations of variable wind an solar power generation. However, DR in grid models is limited by data availability and modeling complexity. This presentation focuses on the co-optimization of DR resources to provide energy and ancillary services in a production cost model of the Colorado test system. We assume each DR resource can provide energy services by either shedding load or shifting its use between different times, as well as operating

  13. Effective Ancillary Services Market Designs on High Wind Power Penetration Systems: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Navid, N.; Smith, J. C.

    2011-12-01

    This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power. Ancillary services markets have been developed in many of the restructured power system regions throughout the world. Ancillary services include the services that support the provision of energy to support power system reliability. The ancillary services markets are tied tightly to the design of the energy market and to the physics of the system and therefore careful consideration of power system economics and engineering must be considered in their design. This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power.

  14. 48 CFR 801.670-3 - Medical, dental, and ancillary service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Medical, dental, and..., Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 801.670-3 Medical, dental, and ancillary service. (a) When medical, dental, and ancillary services under $10,000 per authorization are not available from an...

  15. 48 CFR 801.670-3 - Medical, dental, and ancillary service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Medical, dental, and..., Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 801.670-3 Medical, dental, and ancillary service. (a) When medical, dental, and ancillary services under $10,000 per authorization are not available from an...

  16. 48 CFR 801.670-3 - Medical, dental, and ancillary service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Medical, dental, and..., Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 801.670-3 Medical, dental, and ancillary service. (a) When medical, dental, and ancillary services under $10,000 per authorization are not available from an...

  17. 48 CFR 801.670-3 - Medical, dental, and ancillary service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Medical, dental, and..., Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 801.670-3 Medical, dental, and ancillary service. (a) When medical, dental, and ancillary services under $10,000 per authorization are not available from an...

  18. 48 CFR 801.670-3 - Medical, dental, and ancillary service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Medical, dental, and..., Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 801.670-3 Medical, dental, and ancillary service. (a) When medical, dental, and ancillary services under $10,000 per authorization are not available from an...

  19. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    SciTech Connect

    MacDonald, Jason; Kiliccote, Sila; Boch, Jim; Chen, Jonathan; Nawy, Robert

    2014-06-27

    The adoption of low carbon energy technologies such as variable renewable energy and electric vehicles, coupled with the efficacy of energy efficiency to reduce traditional base load has increased the uncertainty inherent in the net load shape. Handling this variability with slower, traditional resources leads to inefficient system dispatch, and in some cases may compromise reliability. Grid operators are looking to future energy technologies, such as automated demand response (DR), to provide capacity-based reliability services as the need for these services increase. While DR resources are expected to have the flexibility characteristics operators are looking for, demonstrations are necessary to build confidence in their capabilities. Additionally, building owners are uncertain of the monetary value and operational burden of providing these services. To address this, the present study demonstrates the ability of demand response resources providing two ancillary services in the PJM territory, synchronous reserve and regulation, using an OpenADR 2.0b signaling architecture. The loads under control include HVAC and lighting at a big box retail store and variable frequency fan loads. The study examines performance characteristics of the resource: the speed of response, communications latencies in the architecture, and accuracy of response. It also examines the frequency and duration of events and the value in the marketplace which can be used to examine if the opportunity is sufficient to entice building owners to participate.

  20. 75 FR 22125 - Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services by...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ...RM04-7-006] Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services by Public Utilities...1\\ Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services by Public...

  1. Cohort Profile: Longitudinal Investigations into Supportive and Ancillary health services.

    PubMed

    Duncan, Katrina C; Salters, Kate; Forrest, Jamie I; Palmer, Alexis K; Wang, Hong; O'Brien, Nadia; Parashar, Surita; Cescon, Angela M; Samji, Hasina; Montaner, Julio Sg; Hogg, Robert S

    2013-08-01

    The Longitudinal Investigations into Supportive and Ancillary health services (LISA) study is a cohort of people living with HIV/AIDS who have ever accessed anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in British Columbia, Canada. The LISA study was developed to better understand the outcomes of people living with HIV with respect to supportive services use, socio-demographic factors and quality of life. Between July 2007 and January 2010, 1000 participants completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire that included questions concerning medical history, substance use, social and medical support services, food and housing security and other social determinants of health characteristics. Of the 1000 participants, 917 were successfully linked to longitudinal clinical data through the provincial Drug Treatment Program. Within the LISA cohort, 27% of the participants are female, the median age is 39 years and 32% identify as Aboriginal. Knowledge translation activities for LISA include the creation of plain language summaries, internet resources and arts-based engagement activities such as Photovoice. PMID:22461127

  2. Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect

    Subbarao, Krishnappa; Fuller, Jason C.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Somani, Abhishek; Pratt, Robert G.; Widergren, Steven E.; Chassin, David P.

    2013-09-18

    The need to diversify energy supplies, the need to mitigate energy-related environmental impact, and the entry of electric vehicles in large numbers present challenges and opportunities to power system professionals. Wind and solar power provide many benefits, and to reap the benefits the resulting increased variability—forecasted as well as unforecasted—should be addressed. Demand resources are receiving increasing attention as one means of providing the grid balancing services. Control and coordination of a large number (~millions) of distributed smart grid assets requires innovative approaches. One such is transactive control and coordination (TC2)—a distributed, agent-based incentive and control system. The TC2 paradigm is to create a market system with the following characteristics: • Participation should be entirely voluntary. • The participant decides at what price s/he is willing to participate. • The bids and responses are automated. Such an approach has been developed and demonstrated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for energy markets. It is the purpose of this project to develop a similar approach for ancillary services. In this report, the following ancillary services are considered: • spinning reserve • ramping • regulation. These services are to be provided by the following devices: • refrigerators • water heaters • clothes dryers • variable speed drives. The important results are summarized below: The regulation signal can be divided into an energy-neutral high frequency component and a low frequency component. The high frequency component is particularly well suited for demand resources. The low frequency component, which carries energy non-neutrality, can be handled by a combination of generators and demand resources. An explicit method for such a separation is obtained from an exponentially weighted moving average filter. Causal filters (i.e., filters that process only present and past values of a signal) introduce delays that can be issues in some signal processing applications that treat the high frequency part as a noise to be eliminated. For regulation, the high frequency component is an essential part of the signal. The delay in the low frequency component is not a problem. A stochastic self-dispatch algorithm determines the response of the devices to the regulation signal. • In an ensemble of devices under normal operation, some devices turn on and some turn off in any time interval. Demand response necessitates turning off devices that would normally be on, or turning on devices that would normally be off. Over time, some of these would have turned off on their own. A formalism to determine expectation values under a combination of natural and forced attrition has been developed. This formalism provides a mechanism for accomplishing a desired power profile within a bid period. In particular, a method to minimize regulation requirement can be developed. The formulation provides valuable insights into control. • Some ancillary services—ramping to absorb unforecasted increase in renewable generation, and regulation down—require the demand resources to increase their energy use. Some resources such as HVAC systems can do this readily, whereas some others require enabling technology. Even without such technology, it is possible to arrange refrigerators and water heaters to have an energy debt and be ready to increase their energy use. A transactive bid mechanism of revolving debt can be developed for this purpose. Dramatic changes in control systems, architecture and markets are expected in the electrical grid. The technical capabilities of a large number of devices interacting with the grid are changing. While it is too early to describe complete solutions, TC2 has attractive features suitable for adapting to the changes. The analyses in this report and the activities planned for FY 14 and beyond are designed to facilitate this transition.

  3. 75 FR 14342 - Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services by...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ...Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services...Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary Services...Market-Based Rates for Wholesale Sales of Electric Energy, Capacity and Ancillary...

  4. 77 FR 40413 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-09

    ... Organized Wholesale Energy Markets, Order No. 745, 76 FR 16658 (Mar. 24, 2011), FERC Stats. & Regs. ] 31,322... 101 Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric... 101 Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New...

  5. Risk Management: Supporting the District's Ancillary Services Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldmann, Steve; Strasburger, Tom

    2013-01-01

    The everyday operations of a school district depend on a network of people, including students, teachers, staff, and administrators. However, the ancillary services staff are really responsible for making the school day run smoothly. They are often the first employees that students see in the morning, either on the school bus or in the cafeteria,…

  6. A comparison of two GIV mechanisms for providing ancillary services at the University of Delaware

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    , called a "GIV (Grid Integrated Vehicle) mechanism". In literature, many GIV mechanisms are proposed], and the provision of ancillary services [4], [12]. In the GIV (Grid Integrated Vehicle) scenario at the University, the decentralized mechanism enables large-scale integration by distributing computations across all EVs. I

  7. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... RENAL DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting...

  8. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  9. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  10. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  11. 42 CFR 413.316 - Determining payment amounts: Ancillary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...DISEASE SERVICES; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Prospectively Determined Payment Rates for Low-Volume Skilled Nursing Facilities, for Cost Reporting Periods Beginning Prior to July 1, 1998...

  12. Market and policy barriers for demand response providing ancillary services in U.S. markets

    SciTech Connect

    Cappers, Peter; MacDonald, Jason; Goldman, Charles

    2013-03-01

    This study provides an examination of various market and policy barriers to demand response providing ancillary services in both ISO/RTO and non-ISO/RTO regions, especially at the program provider level. It is useful to classify barriers in order to create a holistic understanding and identify parties that could be responsible for their removal. This study develops a typology of barriers focusing on smaller customers that must rely on a program provider (i.e., electric investor owned utility or IOU, ARC) to create an aggregated DR resource in order to bring ancillary services to the balancing authority. The barriers were identified through examinations of regulatory structures, market environments, and product offerings; and discussions with industry stakeholders and regulators. In order to help illustrate the differences in barriers among various wholesale market designs and their constituent retail environments, four regions were chosen to use as case studies: Colorado, Texas, Wisconsin, and New Jersey.

  13. Alternative Approaches for Incentivizing the Frequency Responsive Reserve Ancillary Service

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Tuohy, A.; Brooks, D.

    2012-03-01

    Frequency responsive reserve is the autonomous response of generators and demand response to deviations of system frequency, usually as a result of the instantaneous outage of a large supplier. Frequency responsive reserve arrests the frequency decline resulting in the stabilization of system frequency, and avoids the triggering of under-frequency load-shedding or the reaching of unstable frequencies that could ultimately lead to system blackouts. It is a crucial service required to maintain a reliable and secure power system. Regions with restructured electricity markets have historically had a lack of incentives for frequency responsive reserve because generators inherently provided the response and on large interconnected systems, more than sufficient response has been available. This may not be the case in future systems due to new technologies and declining response. This paper discusses the issues that can occur without proper incentives and even disincentives, and proposes alternatives to introduce incentives for resources to provide frequency responsive reserve to ensure an efficient and reliable power system.

  14. Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Ghatikar, Girish; Koch, Ed; Hennage, Dan; Hernandez, John; Chiu, Albert; Sezgen, Osman; Goodin, John

    2009-11-06

    The Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) is conducting a pilot program to investigate the technical feasibility of bidding certain demand response (DR) resources into the California Independent System Operator's (CAISO) day-ahead market for ancillary services nonspinning reserve. Three facilities, a retail store, a local government office building, and a bakery, are recruited into the pilot program. For each facility, hourly demand, and load curtailment potential are forecasted two days ahead and submitted to the CAISO the day before the operation as an available resource. These DR resources are optimized against all other generation resources in the CAISO ancillary service. Each facility is equipped with four-second real time telemetry equipment to ensure resource accountability and visibility to CAISO operators. When CAISO requests DR resources, PG&E's OpenADR (Open Automated DR) communications infrastructure is utilized to deliver DR signals to the facilities energy management and control systems (EMCS). The pre-programmed DR strategies are triggered without a human in the loop. This paper describes the automated system architecture and the flow of information to trigger and monitor the performance of the DR events. We outline the DR strategies at each of the participating facilities. At one site a real time electric measurement feedback loop is implemented to assure the delivery of CAISO dispatched demand reductions. Finally, we present results from each of the facilities and discuss findings.

  15. Ancillary Studies

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content Home   |   Data   |   Statistics   |   Tools   |   Collaborations   |   Work with Us   |   Publications   |   About   |   Links Ongoing Collaborations CISNET ACS FAVOR Comprehensive Cancer Centers Ancillary Studies Ancillary Studies Year

  16. DR Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services in the West (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Hummon, M.; Kiliccote, S.

    2014-04-01

    Demand response (DR) resources present a potentially important source of grid flexibility however, DR in grid models is limited by data availability and modeling complexity. This presentation focuses on the co-optimization of DR resources to provide energy and ancillary services in a production cost model of the Colorado "test system". We assume each DR resource can provide energy services by either shedding load or shifting its use between different times, as well as operating reserves: frequency regulation, contingency reserve, and flexibility (or ramping) reserve. There are significant variations in the availabilities of different types of DR resources, which affect both the operational savings as well as the revenue for each DR resource. The results presented include the system-wide avoided fuel and generator start-up costs as well as the composite revenue for each DR resource by energy and operating reserves.

  17. 76 FR 36400 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... Regulation Compensation in the Organized Wholesale Power Markets, 76 FR 11177 (Mar. 1, 2011), Notice of... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Chapter I Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and... Commission's current accounting and reporting requirements as applied to electric storage. As such,...

  18. Cost-Causation-Based Tariffs for Wind Ancillary Service Impacts: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.; Wan, Y.

    2006-06-01

    Conference paper discussing the integration cost of wind. Although specific tariffs for wind generation for ancillary services are uncommon, we anticipate that balancing authorities (control areas) and other entities will move toward such tariffs. Tariffs for regulation and imbalance services should be cost-based, recognize the relevant time scales that correspond with utility operational cycles, and properly allocate those costs to those entities that cause the balancing authority to incur the costs. In this paper, we present methods for separating wind's impact into regulation and load following (imbalance) time scales. We show that approximating these impacts with simpler methods can significantly distort cost causation and even cause confusion between the relevant time scales. We present results from NREL's wind data collection program to illustrate the dangers of linearly scaling wind resource data from small wind plants to approximate the wind resource data from large wind plants. Finally, we provide a framework for developing regulation and imbalance tariffs, we outline methods to begin examining contingency reserve requirements for wind plants, we provide guidance on the important characteristics to consider, and we provide hypothetical cases that the tariff can be tested against to determine whether the results are desired.

  19. Yoga as an ancillary treatment for neurological and psychiatric disorders: a review.

    PubMed

    Meyer, Hilary B; Katsman, Alina; Sones, Alexander C; Auerbach, Daniel E; Ames, Donna; Rubin, Robert T

    2012-01-01

    Yoga is gaining acceptance as an ancillary medical treatment, but there have been few studies evaluating its therapeutic benefits in neurological and major psychiatric conditions. The authors reviewed the literature in English on the efficacy of yoga for these disorders. Only randomized, controlled trials were included, with the exception of the only study of yoga for bipolar disorder, which was observational. Trials were excluded if yoga was not the central component of the intervention. Of seven randomized, controlled trials of yoga in patients with neurological disorders, six found significant, positive effects. Of 13 randomized, controlled trials of yoga in patients with psychiatric disorders, 10 found significant, positive effects. These results, although encouraging, indicate that additional randomized, controlled studies are needed to critically define the benefits of yoga for both neurological and psychiatric disorders. PMID:22772663

  20. Analysis of the Effects of a Flexible Ramping Ancillary Service Product on Power System Operations: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Krad, Ibrahim; Ibanez, Eduardo; Ela, Erik

    2015-10-19

    The recent increased interest in utilizing variable generation (VG) resources such as wind and solar in power systems has motivated investigations into new operating procedures. Although these resources provide desirable value to a system (e.g., no fuel costs or emissions), interconnecting them provides unique challenges. Their variable, non-controllable nature in particular requires significant attention, because it directly results in increased power system variability and uncertainty. One way to handle this is via new operating reserve schemes. Operating reserves provide upward and downward generation and ramping capacity to counteract uncertainty and variability prior to their realization. For instance, uncertainty and variability in real-time dispatch can be accounted for in the hour-ahead unit commitment. New operating reserve methodologies that specifically account for the increased variability and uncertainty caused by VG are currently being investigated and developed by academia and industry. This paper examines one method inspired by the new operating reserve product being proposed by the California Independent System Operator. The method is based on examining the potential ramping requirements at any given time and enforcing those requirements via a reserve demand curve in the market-clearing optimization as an additional ancillary service product.

  1. Secure provision of reactive power ancillary services in competitive electricity markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Samahy, Ismael

    The research work presented in this thesis discusses various complex issues associated with reactive power management and pricing in the context of new operating paradigms in deregulated power systems, proposing appropriate policy solutions. An integrated two-level framework for reactive power management is set forth, which is both suitable for a competitive market and ensures a secure and reliable operation of the associated power system. The framework is generic in nature and can be adopted for any electricity market structure. The proposed hierarchical reactive power market structure comprises two stages: procurement of reactive power resources on a seasonal basis, and real-time reactive power dispatch. The main objective of the proposed framework is to provide appropriate reactive power support from service providers at least cost, while ensuring a secure operation of the power system. The proposed procurement procedure is based on a two-step optimization model. First, the marginal benefits of reactive power supply from each provider, with respect to system security, are obtained by solving a loadability-maximization problem subject to transmission security constraints imposed by voltage and thermal limits. Second, the selected set of generators is determined by solving an optimal power flow (OPF)-based auction. This auction maximizes a societal advantage function comprising generators' offers and their corresponding marginal benefits with respect to system security, and considering all transmission system constraints. The proposed procedure yields the selected set of generators and zonal price components, which would form the basis for seasonal contracts between the system operator and the selected reactive power service providers. The main objective of the proposed reactive power dispatch model is to minimize the total payment burden on the Independent System Operator (ISO), which is associated with reactive power dispatch. The real power generation is decoupled and assumed to be fixed during the reactive power dispatch procedures; however, the effect of reactive power on real power is considered in the model by calculating the required reduction in real power output of a generator due to an increase in its reactive power supply. In this case, real power generation is allowed to be rescheduled, within given limits, from the already dispatched levels obtained from the energy market clearing process. The proposed dispatch model achieves the main objective of an ISO in a competitive electricity market, which is to provide the required reactive power support from generators at least cost while ensuring a secure operation of the power system. The proposed reactive power procurement and dispatch models capture both the technical and economic aspects of power system operation in competitive electricity markets; however, from an optimization point of view, these models represent non-convex mixed integer non-linear programming (MINLP) problems due to the presence of binary variables associated with the different regions of reactive power operation in a synchronous generator. Such MINLP optimization problems are difficult to solve, especially for an actual power system. A novel Generator Reactive Power Classification (GRPC) algorithm is proposed in this thesis to address this issue, with the advantage of iteratively solving the optimization models as a series of non-linear programming (NLP) sub-problems. The proposed reactive power procurement and dispatch models are implemented and tested on the CIGRE 32-bus system, with several case studies that represent different practical operating scenarios. The developed models are also compared with other approaches for reactive power provision, and the results demonstrate the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed model. The results clearly reveal the main features of the proposed models for optimal provision of reactive power ancillary service, in order to suit the requirements of an ISO under today's stressed system conditions in a competitive market environment.

  2. Cell blocks in cytopathology: a review of preparative methods, utility in diagnosis and role in ancillary studies.

    PubMed

    Jain, D; Mathur, S R; Iyer, V K

    2014-12-01

    The cell block (CB) is a routine procedure in cytopathology that has gained importance because of its pivotal role in diagnosis and ancillary studies. There is no precise review in the published literature that deals with the various methods of preparation of CB, its utility in diagnosis, immunocytochemistry (ICC) or molecular testing, and its drawbacks. An extensive literature search on CB in cytology using internet search engines was performed for this review employing the following keywords: cell block, cytoblock, cytology, cytopathology, methods, preparation, fixatives, diagnostic yield, ancillary and molecular studies. Ever since its introduction more than a century ago, the CB technique has undergone numerous modifications to improve the quality of the procedure; however, the overall principle remains the same in each method. CBs can be prepared from virtually all varieties of cytological samples. In today's era of personalized medicine, cytological specimens, including CBs, augment the utility of cytological samples in analysing the molecular alterations as effectively as surgical biopsies or resection specimens. With the availability of molecular targeted therapy for many cancers, a large number of recent studies have used cytological material or CBs for molecular characterization. The various techniques of CB preparation with different fixatives, their advantages and limitations, and issues of diagnostic yield are discussed in this review. PMID:25113785

  3. The business of medicine: how to overcome financial obstacles and secure financing for your private practice and ancillary services business.

    PubMed

    Nayor, David

    2012-01-01

    Doctors across the country who operate private medical practices are facing increasing financial obstacles, namely shrinking income as a result of rising costs and lower reimbursements. In addition, as hospitals have become overburdened many physicians have opened up private surgical centers; magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography and positron emission tomography scanning facilities; pathology labs; colonoscopy/endoscopy suites; lithotripsy centers; and other medical businesses typically performed within the hospital. Moreover, many doctors seek loans to purchase existing practices or for their capital contribution in medical partnerships. The past decade has thus seen a significant increase in the number of doctors taking out small business loans. Indeed, banks view the healthcare industry as a large growth market. This article includes practical information, advice, and resources to help doctors to secure bank financing for their practices, ancillary services business, real estate, and equipment on the best possible market terms. PMID:22920034

  4. 47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in Mobile-Satellite Service...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... terrestrial components in Mobile-Satellite Service networks operating in the 1.5./1.6 GHz and 1.6/2.4 GHz Mobile-Satellite Service. 25.149 Section 25.149 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Space Stations §...

  5. 48 CFR 801.670-3 - Medical, dental, and ancillary service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...following VA officials at VA medical facilities may authorize these...care function. (2) Chief, Medical Administration Service, or the person designated by the facility director to perform medical administration...

  6. Using Dimmable Lighting for Regulation Capacity and Non-Spinning Reserves in the Ancillary Services Market. A Feasibility Study.

    SciTech Connect

    Rubinstein, Francis; Xiaolei, Li; Watson, David S.

    2010-12-03

    The objective of this Feasibility Study was to identify the potential of dimmable lighting for providing regulation capacity and contingency reserves if massively-deployed throughout the State. We found that one half of the total electric lighting load in the California commercial sector is bottled up in larger buildings that are greater an 50,000 square feet. Retrofitting large California buildings with dimmable lighting to enable fast DR lighting would require an investment of about $1.8 billion and a"fleet" of about 56 million dimming ballasts. By upgrading the existing installed base of lighting and controls (primarily in large commercial facilities) a substantial amount of ancillary services could be provided. Though not widely deployed, today's state-of-the art lighting systems, control systems and communication networks could be used for this application. The same lighting control equipment that is appropriate for fast DR is also appropriate for achieving energy efficiency with lighting on a daily basis. Thus fast DR can leverage the capabilities that are provided by a conventional dimming lighting control system. If dimmable lighting were massively deployed throughout large California buildings (because mandated by law, for example) dimmable lighting could realistically supply 380 MW of non-spinning reserve, 47percent of the total non-spinning reserves needed in 2007.

  7. Wind Farm Power Fluctuations, Ancillary Services, and System Operating Impact Analysis Activities in the United States: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Parsons, B. K.; Wan, Y.; Kirby, B.

    2001-07-01

    With ever increasing penetration of wind capacity and growing interest in wind power by electric utilities and other power providers, questions about the impacts and costs associated with maintaining a stable grid is receiving lots of attention. These issues are important, both in competitive and regulated monopoly markets.To evaluate the range of ancillary service impact of wind power plants, wind power plant output fluctuations on the order of seconds to minutes must be known. However, the data required for a credible analysis has not been widely available. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), through its own efforts, and in conjunction with a wide group of stakeholders including other national labs, consultants, developers, utilities, and the non-profit Utility Wind Interest Group, has initiated measurement and analysis activities. The efforts are ongoing. While final system-cost results are not available, this paper will describe the progress to date and present typical results and statistical analysis. In addition, methods will be explained with the aim of soliciting feedback from others looking at similar issues worldwide.

  8. Industrial Use of Distributed Generation in Real-Time Energy and Ancillary Service Markets

    SciTech Connect

    Hudson, C.R.

    2001-10-24

    Industrial consumers of energy now have the opportunity to participate directly in electricity generation. This report seeks to give the reader (1) insights into the various types of generation services that distributed generation (DG) units could provide, (2) a mechanism to evaluate the economics of using DG, (3) an overview of the status of DG deployment in selected states, and (4) a summary of the communication technologies involved with DG and what testing activities are needed to encourage industrial application of DG. Section 1 provides details on electricity markets and the types of services that can be offered. Subsequent sections in the report address the technical requirements for participating in such markets, the economic decision process that an industrial energy user should go through in evaluating distributed generation, the status of current deployment efforts, and the requirements for test-bed or field demonstration projects.

  9. Peer-to-Peer Consultations: Ancillary Services Peer Exchange with India: Experience from South Africa, Europe & the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    In support of national and subnational decision makers, the 21st Century Power Partnership regularly works with country partners to organize peer-to-peer consultations on critical issues. In March 2014, 21CPP collaborated with the Regulatory Assistance Project - India to host two peer-to-peer exchanges among experts from India, South Africa, Europe, and the United States to discuss the provision of ancillary services, particularly in the context of added variability and uncertainty from renewable energy. This factsheet provides a high level summary of the peer-to-peer consultation.

  10. Legal issues affecting ancillaries and orthopedic practice.

    PubMed

    Glaser, David M

    2008-01-01

    The federal and state governments have imposed significant regulations on health care generally and on ancillary services in particular. This article focuses on how state and federal laws shape the ability of an orthopedic physician to offer ancillary services, whether as an individual, through a group practice, or as part of a joint venture. It focuses on how the Stark law, the Medicare anti-kickback statute, state anti-kickback, fee-splitting provisions, certificate of need laws, and various Medicare billing and supervision requirements impact the provision of ancillary services. It also briefly discusses how physicians should prepare for and respond to government investigations. PMID:18061773

  11. 78 FR 50037 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ...Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel AGENCY: National Ocean Service, National...Solicitation for Hydrographic Services Review Panel...membership on the Hydrographic Services Review Panel (HSRP). The HSRP, a Federal...

  12. 77 FR 76001 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel AGENCY: National Ocean... membership solicitation for Hydrographic Services Review Panel. SUMMARY: This notice responds to the... basis) for membership on the Hydrographic Services Review Panel (HSRP). The HSRP, a Federal...

  13. 75 FR 20809 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel AGENCY: National Ocean... Additional Membership Solicitation for Hydrographic Services Review Panel. SUMMARY: The National Oceanic and... Services Review Panel (the Panel), a Federal advisory committee. NOAA is extending the previous...

  14. 78 FR 50037 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel AGENCY: National Ocean... Membership Solicitation for Hydrographic Services Review Panel. SUMMARY: This notice responds to the... on the Hydrographic Services Review Panel (HSRP). The HSRP, a Federal advisory committee, advises...

  15. 76 FR 32957 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-07

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel AGENCY: National Ocean... membership solicitation for Hydrographic Services Review Panel. SUMMARY: This notice responds to the... on the Hydrographic Services Review Panel (HSRP). The HSRP, a Federal advisory committee, advises...

  16. 47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service networks operating in the 1.5./1.6 GHz, 1.6/2.4 GHz and 2 GHz mobile-satellite service. 25.149 Section 25.149 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses...

  17. 47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service networks operating in the 1.5./1.6 GHz, 1.6/2.4 GHz and 2 GHz mobile-satellite service. 25.149 Section 25.149 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses...

  18. 47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in the Mobile-Satellite Service...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... terrestrial components in the Mobile-Satellite Service networks operating in the 1.5./1.6 GHz, 1.6/2.4 GHz and 2 GHz Mobile-Satellite Service. 25.149 Section 25.149 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses...

  19. 47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... terrestrial components in the mobile-satellite service networks operating in the 1.5./1.6 GHz, 1.6/2.4 GHz and 2 GHz mobile-satellite service. 25.149 Section 25.149 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses...

  20. 7 CFR 1.11 - Review services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Review services. 1.11 Section 1.11 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Official Records § 1.11 Review services. (a) Review services are services of agency personnel—clerical or professional—in examining...

  1. 7 CFR 1.11 - Review services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review services. 1.11 Section 1.11 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Official Records § 1.11 Review services. (a) Review services are services of agency personnel—clerical or professional—in examining...

  2. How to perform a feasibility study and market analysis to determine if an ancillary service makes sense.

    PubMed

    Brockman, Ken

    2008-01-01

    A feasibility study, as the name implies, is a study of the viability of a business venture. The study is an analysis of the market potential of the new products or services to be offered and investigates the primary issues related to the new business. This article discusses the elements that are essential for a valid feasibility study. PMID:18061763

  3. Evaluation and integration of ancillary datasets for coastal wetland landcover classification using Landsat TM Imagery 

    E-print Network

    Hinson, James Mithland

    1993-01-01

    Ancillary data were compared with ground-truth data for use in separating saline and fresh wetland-landcover classes exhibiting similar spectral signatures. Two ancillary datasets, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) National Wetland...

  4. Reviewed 2014 Employee Health Services

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Paul R.

    Reviewed 2014 Employee Health Services TUBERCULOSIS BASELINE HISTORY QUESTIONNAIRE YES NO 1. Have you ever had a positive TB skin test? If YES, when? Please provide documentation of positive TB skin test to Employee Health 2. Have you ever had an abnormal chest x-ray? If YES, when? Please provide most

  5. 30 CFR 250.207 - What ancillary activities may I conduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What ancillary activities may I conduct? 250.207 Section 250.207 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Plans and Information Ancillary Activities § 250.207 What ancillary activities...

  6. Abstract: In this paper we provide a systematic review of generator-provided reactive support as an unbundled ancillary

    E-print Network

    1 Abstract: In this paper we provide a systematic review of generator-provided reactive support costs, which are evaluated from the foregone profits of a generator in the real power markets including generators, shunt capacitors/reactors, synchronous condensers and static VAr compensators. Since

  7. Ancillary service details: Voltage control

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

    1997-12-01

    Voltage control is accomplished by managing reactive power on an alternating-current power system. Reactive power can be produced and absorbed by both generation and transmission equipment. Reactive-power devices differ substantially in the magnitude and speed of response and in their capital costs. System operators, transmission owners, generators, customers, power marketers, and government regulators need to pay close attention to voltage control as they restructure the U.S. electricity industry. Voltage control can affect reliability and commerce in three ways: (1) Voltages must be maintained within an acceptable range for both customer and power-system equipment to function properly. (2) The movement of reactive power consumes transmission resources, which limits the ability to move real power and worsens congestion. (3) The movement of reactive power results in real-power losses. When generators are required to supply excessive amounts of reactive power, their real-power production must be curtailed. These opportunity costs are not currently compensated for in most regions. Current tariffs are based on embedded costs. These embedded-cost tariffs average about $0.51/MWh, equivalent to $1.5 billion annually for the United States as a whole. Although this cost is low when compared with the cost of energy, it still aggregates to a significant amount of money. This report takes a basic look at why the power system requires reactive power (an appendix explains the fundamentals of real and reactive power). The report then examines the various types of generation and transmission resources used to supply reactive power and to control voltage. Finally it discusses how these resources are deployed and paid for in several reliability regions around the country. As the U.S. electricity industry is restructured, the generation, transmission, and system-control equipment and functions that maintain voltages within the appropriate ranges are being deintegrated.

  8. Prehospital digital photography and automated image transmission in an emergency medical service – an ancillary retrospective analysis of a prospective controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Still picture transmission was performed using a telemedicine system in an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) during a prospective, controlled trial. In this ancillary, retrospective study the quality and content of the transmitted pictures and the possible influences of this application on prehospital time requirements were investigated. Methods A digital camera was used with a telemedicine system enabling encrypted audio and data transmission between an ambulance and a remotely located physician. By default, images were compressed (jpeg, 640 x 480 pixels). On occasion, this compression was deactivated (3648 x 2736 pixels). Two independent investigators assessed all transmitted pictures according to predefined criteria. In cases of different ratings, a third investigator had final decision competence. Patient characteristics and time intervals were extracted from the EMS protocol sheets and dispatch centre reports. Results Overall 314 pictures (mean 2.77?±?2.42 pictures/mission) were transmitted during 113 missions (group 1). Pictures were not taken for 151 missions (group 2). Regarding picture quality, the content of 240 (76.4%) pictures was clearly identifiable; 45 (14.3%) pictures were considered “limited quality” and 29 (9.2%) pictures were deemed “not useful” due to not/hardly identifiable content. For pictures with file compression (n?=?84 missions) and without (n?=?17 missions), the content was clearly identifiable in 74% and 97% of the pictures, respectively (p?=?0.003). Medical reports (n?=?98, 32.8%), medication lists (n?=?49, 16.4%) and 12-lead ECGs (n?=?28, 9.4%) were most frequently photographed. The patient characteristics of group 1 vs. 2 were as follows: median age – 72.5 vs. 56.5 years, p?=?0.001; frequency of acute coronary syndrome – 24/113 vs. 15/151, p?=?0.014. The NACA scores and gender distribution were comparable. Median on-scene times were longer with picture transmission (26 vs. 22 min, p?=?0.011), but ambulance arrival to hospital arrival intervals did not differ significantly (35 vs. 33 min, p?=?0.054). Conclusions Picture transmission was used frequently and resulted in an acceptable picture quality, even with compressed files. In most cases, previously existing “paper data” was transmitted electronically. This application may offer an alternative to other modes of ECG transmission. Due to different patient characteristics no conclusions for a prolonged on-scene time can be drawn. Mobile picture transmission holds important opportunities for clinical handover procedures and teleconsultation. PMID:23324531

  9. 75 FR 54445 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ...Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service...appointment of members to the Financial Management Service (FMS)...

  10. 75 FR 54445 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... Fiscal Service Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the appointment of members to the Financial Management Service (FMS) Performance Review Board...

  11. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. 1.9049 Section 1.9049... arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. (a) A license issued... Mobile Satellite Service licensee with an ATC authorization may enter into a spectrum manager...

  12. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. 1.9049 Section 1.9049... arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. (a) A license issued... Mobile Satellite Service licensee with an ATC authorization may enter into a spectrum manager...

  13. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. 1.9049 Section 1.9049... arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. (a) A license issued... Mobile Satellite Service licensee with an ATC authorization may enter into a spectrum manager...

  14. 77 FR 42365 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ...Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review...Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review...and nursing research. Applications are reviewed for scientific and...

  15. 78 FR 12422 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-22

    ...Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review...Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review...and nursing research. Applications are reviewed for scientific and...

  16. 76 FR 63351 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ...Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Treasury. ACTION...appointment of members to the Financial Management Service (FMS)...

  17. 77 FR 60177 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-02

    ...Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Treasury. ACTION...appointment of members to the Financial Management Service (FMS)...

  18. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. 1.9049 Section 1.9049... ancillary terrestrial component of Mobile Satellite Services. (a) A license issued under part 25 of the...” for purpose of this subpart of the rules. (b) For the purpose of this subpart, a Mobile...

  19. 78 FR 50144 - Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ...Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit Review...Health Services Research and Development...HSR&D) Scientific Merit Review...and nursing research. Applications...reviewed for scientific and...

  20. 77 FR 60177 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-02

    ... Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the appointment of members to the Financial Management Service (FMS) Performance Review Board (PRB). DATES: This notice is...

  1. 47 CFR 90.317 - Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Authorization in the Band 470-512 MHz (UHF-TV Sharing) § 90.317 Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions. (a) Licensees of systems that have...

  2. 47 CFR 90.317 - Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Authorization in the Band 470-512 MHz (UHF-TV Sharing) § 90.317 Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions. (a) Licensees of systems that have...

  3. 47 CFR 90.317 - Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Authorization in the Band 470-512 MHz (UHF-TV Sharing) § 90.317 Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions. (a) Licensees of systems that have...

  4. 47 CFR 90.317 - Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Authorization in the Band 470-512 MHz (UHF-TV Sharing) § 90.317 Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions. (a) Licensees of systems that have...

  5. 47 CFR 90.317 - Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Authorization in the Band 470-512 MHz (UHF-TV Sharing) § 90.317 Fixed ancillary signaling and data transmissions. (a) Licensees of systems that have...

  6. 78 FR 28243 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ...PLANNING COMMISSION Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members...Notice of Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...U.S.C. (as amended by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978) requires...

  7. 76 FR 29013 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ...PLANNING COMMISSION Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members...Notice of Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board...U.S.C. (as amended by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978) requires...

  8. 78 FR 67147 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... INVESTMENT BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Retirement Thrift... Executive Service Performance Review Boards for the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board. The purpose of the Performance Review Boards is to view and make recommendations concerning proposed...

  9. 76 FR 78257 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... INVESTMENT BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Retirement Thrift... Executive Service Performance Review Boards for the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board. The purpose of the Performance Review Boards is to view and make ] recommendations concerning...

  10. Financial Report of Ontario Universities, 1996-97. Ancillary Enterprises.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

    This report provides detailed information on ancillary enterprises at provincially assisted universities and at affiliated and federated colleges in Ontario (Canada) for the fiscal year that ended April 30, 1997. Such enterprises include school stores (including bookstores), food services, residences, conferences, parking, publishing, and other…

  11. Financial Report of Ontario Universities, 1997-98. Ancillary Enterprises.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

    This report provides detailed information on ancillary enterprises at provincially assisted universities and affiliated and federated colleges in Ontario (Canada) for the fiscal year ending 30 April 1998. Such enterprises include school stores (including bookstores), food services, residences, conferences, parking, publishing, and other…

  12. 76 FR 70131 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board; Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... AGENCY Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board; Membership AGENCY: Environmental Protection... Agency Performance Review Board for 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen D. Higginbotham... Management, one or more SES performance review boards. This board shall review and evaluate the...

  13. 77 FR 25105 - Reporting of Ancillary Airline Passenger Revenues

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... wheelchairs and scooters used by passengers with disabilities. See 76 FR 41726. You may review comments to... processing and accounting for baggage and wheelchairs. This information is critical to determining the cost... like to understand the process and logistics of how ancillary revenues are collected and...

  14. 76 FR 80902 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ...DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY: Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the...Title 5, U.S.C. (as amended by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978) requires each...

  15. 76 FR 81998 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... REVIEW COMMISSION Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Occupational...(c)(4) of the appointment of members to the Performance Review Board (PRB) of the Occupational Safety... Service PRB. The PRB reviews and evaluates the initial appraisal of a senior executive's performance...

  16. 75 FR 39734 - Health Services Research and Development Service Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-12

    ...and oral review of the research proposals and critiques...the Board is to review research and development applications...health care services, the testing of new methods of health...management, and nursing research. Applications are reviewed...Services Research 7 for Pilot Proposal Review...

  17. Evaluation of the Service Review Model with Performance Scorecards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szabo, Thomas G.; Williams, W. Larry; Rafacz, Sharlet D.; Newsome, William; Lydon, Christina A.

    2012-01-01

    The current study combined a management technique termed "Service Review" with performance scorecards to enhance staff and consumer behavior in a human service setting consisting of 11 supervisors and 56 front-line staff working with 9 adult consumers with challenging behaviors. Results of our intervention showed that service review and scorecards…

  18. 77 FR 24933 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting AGENCY: National...: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Hydrographic Services Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory... the Panel for review and advice. DATES: Date and Time: The public meeting will be held on May...

  19. 76 FR 61346 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ... of the Secretary Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Department of Defense... the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board (PRB...). The PRB provides fair and impartial review of SES performance appraisals and makes...

  20. 75 FR 56999 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    ... SAFETY BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety... Safety Board (DNFSB) Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board (PRB). DATES: Effective Date... regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more performance review boards. The...

  1. 76 FR 76122 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... INVESTIGATION BOARD Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Chemical Safety and Hazard... Executive Service Performance Review Board for the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB... accordance with regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, a performance review board...

  2. ForPeerReview Verification of Mountain Weather Information Service

    E-print Network

    Birch, Cathryn

    ForPeerReview Verification of Mountain Weather Information Service forecasts for three upland areas Centre, Mountain Weather Information Service Marsham, John; University of Leeds, National Centre for Atmospheric Science Keywords: Mountain weather, Weather forecasting, Forecast verification http

  3. 76 FR 60090 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ...11-085)] Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES) AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration...SUMMARY: The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, Public Law 95-454 (Section...

  4. 75 FR 62591 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...10-121)] Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES) AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration...SUMMARY: The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, Public Law 95-454 (Section...

  5. Competitive ancillary service procurement in California

    SciTech Connect

    Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    California has undertaken a major restructuring of its electricity utility sector. Most electricity is now sold in open markets operated by the PX and other entities. Bilateral contracting among some market participants is also permitted. A group of independent generating companies bids into these markets together with out of state resources. In addition to these markets, CAISO operates markets for both imbalance energy and AS, a quite unusual feature of the California system. These markets were initially quite chaotic and were rife with market power problems. However, various reforms have now created a system that functions well. During the restructuring process, special provisions were made to protect public purpose programs, including renewable generation.

  6. 78 FR 77125 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board; Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    ... AGENCY Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board; Membership AGENCY: U.S. Environmental.... Environmental Protection Agency Performance Review Board for 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen D... Personnel Management, one or more SES performance review boards. This board shall review and evaluate...

  7. 77 FR 60450 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ...This notice announces the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards for the Department of Homeland Security. The purpose of the Performance Review Board is to view and make recommendations concerning proposed performance appraisals, ratings, bonuses, pay adjustments, and other appropriate personnel actions for incumbents of Senior Executive Service,......

  8. 14 CFR 21.477 - Data review and service experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.477 Section 21.477 Aeronautics and Space ...Authorization Procedures § 21.477 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator finds that a...

  9. 14 CFR 21.277 - Data review and service experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.277 Section 21.277 Aeronautics and Space ...Authorization Procedures § 21.277 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator finds that a...

  10. 76 FR 59416 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-26

    ...This notice announces the appointment of the members of the Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards for the Department of Homeland Security. The purpose of the Performance Review Board is to view and make recommendations concerning proposed performance appraisals, ratings, bonuses, pay adjustments, and other appropriate personnel actions for incumbents of Senior Executive Service,......

  11. 14 CFR 21.277 - Data review and service experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.277....277 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator finds that a product for which a type... by the user of the product is necessary for safety because of any noncompliance or defect...

  12. 14 CFR 21.477 - Data review and service experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Data review and service experience. 21.477... Procedures § 21.477 Data review and service experience. (a) If the Administrator finds that a product for... by the user of the product is necessary for safety because of any noncompliance or defect...

  13. 78 FR 41191 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ... Surface Transportation Board Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Surface... the Persons selected to serve on its Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board (PRB). FOR... INFORMATION: Title 5 U.S.C. 4314 requires that each agency implement a performance appraisal system...

  14. 76 FR 46896 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ... Surface Transportation Board Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Surface... Persons selected to serve on its Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board (PRB). FOR FURTHER...: Title 5 U.S.C. 4314 requires that each agency implement a performance appraisal system making...

  15. 75 FR 4453 - Health Services Research and Development Service Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-27

    ...and oral review of the research proposals and critiques...the Board is to review research and development applications...health care services, the testing of new methods of health...management, and nursing research. Applications are reviewed...the subcommittee for pilot proposal review...

  16. 76 FR 64421 - Senior Executive Service: Performance Review Board Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ... Senior Executive Service: Performance Review Board Members AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Members for the FY 2011 Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: Title 5 U.S.C. 4314(c)(4... that Agency's Performance Review Board (PRB). The following individuals have been designated to...

  17. 78 FR 70029 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy ACTION: Designation of Performance Review Board Co-Chairs. SUMMARY: This notice provides the Performance Review Board...

  18. 76 FR 70713 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Designation of Performance Review Board Chair. SUMMARY: This notice provides the Performance Review Board Chair designee...

  19. Modification of K+ channel–drug interactions by ancillary subunits

    PubMed Central

    Bett, Glenna C L; Rasmusson, Randall L

    2008-01-01

    Reconciling ion channel ?-subunit expression with native ionic currents and their pharmacological sensitivity in target organs has proved difficult. In native tissue, many K+ channel ?-subunits co-assemble with ancillary subunits, which can profoundly affect physiological parameters including gating kinetics and pharmacological interactions. In this review, we examine the link between voltage-gated potassium ion channel pharmacology and the biophysics of ancillary subunits. We propose that ancillary subunits can modify the interaction between pore blockers and ion channels by three distinct mechanisms: changes in (1) binding site accessibility; (2) orientation of pore-lining residues; (3) the ability of the channel to undergo post-binding conformational changes. Each of these subunit-induced changes has implications for gating, drug affinity and use dependence of their respective channel complexes. A single subunit may modulate its associated ?-subunit by more than one of these mechanisms. Voltage-gated potassium channels are the site of action of many therapeutic drugs. In addition, potassium channels interact with drugs whose primary target is another channel, e.g. the calcium channel blocker nifedipine, the sodium channel blocker quinidine, etc. Even when K+ channel block is the intended mode of action, block of related channels in non-target organs, e.g. the heart, can result in major and potentially lethal side-effects. Understanding factors that determine specificity, use dependence and other properties of K+ channel drug binding are therefore of vital clinical importance. Ancillary subunits play a key role in determining these properties in native tissue, and so understanding channel–subunit interactions is vital to understanding clinical pharmacology. PMID:18096604

  20. 78 FR 50144 - Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 2, that the Health Services...

  1. 78 FR 23909 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

  2. 77 FR 67634 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

  3. 76 FR 20323 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-12

    ...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

  4. 77 FR 24933 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

  5. 75 FR 59697 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-28

    ...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

  6. 76 FR 61091 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

  7. 75 FR 20816 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ...Review Panel (HSRP) is a Federal Advisory Committee established to advise the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on matters related to the responsibilities and authorities set forth in section 303 of the Hydrographic Services...

  8. 5 CFR 550.408 - Review of accounts; service credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Payments During Evacuation § 550.408 Review of accounts; service credit...making adjustments at the earliest possible date after the evacuation is terminated (or earlier if the circumstances...

  9. 5 CFR 550.408 - Review of accounts; service credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Payments During Evacuation § 550.408 Review of accounts; service credit...making adjustments at the earliest possible date after the evacuation is terminated (or earlier if the circumstances...

  10. 5 CFR 550.408 - Review of accounts; service credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Payments During Evacuation § 550.408 Review of accounts; service credit...making adjustments at the earliest possible date after the evacuation is terminated (or earlier if the circumstances...

  11. 5 CFR 550.408 - Review of accounts; service credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Payments During Evacuation § 550.408 Review of accounts; service credit...making adjustments at the earliest possible date after the evacuation is terminated (or earlier if the circumstances...

  12. 5 CFR 550.408 - Review of accounts; service credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Payments During Evacuation § 550.408 Review of accounts; service credit...making adjustments at the earliest possible date after the evacuation is terminated (or earlier if the circumstances...

  13. International Service Learning: Analytical Review of Published Research Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Brett

    2015-01-01

    International service learning (ISL) is an emerging area of international education. This paper summarizes academic journal articles on ISL programs and organizes the relevant publications by academic disciplines, service learning project areas, and other topics. The basis for this review is relevant literature from full-text scholarly peer…

  14. 75 FR 27375 - Review of Nonpostal Services Language

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ... Review of Nonpostal Services Language AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Classification Schedule language. It solicits comments to assist in this task. DATES: Comments are due: June 4.... MC2010-24 to consider the Postal Service's proposed Mail Classification Schedule (MCS) language for...

  15. Building a Sentiment Summarizer for Local Service Reviews

    E-print Network

    Cortes, Corinna

    Building a Sentiment Summarizer for Local Service Reviews Sasha Blair-Goldensohn Google Inc. 76@google.com Tyler Neylon Google Inc. 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043 tylern@google.com George A. In this study we specifically look at the problem of sum- marizing opinions of local services. This designation

  16. Report on School Food Services. MORE: Management Operations Review & Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, William M.; And Others

    Because of the size of its budget and the importance and complexity of its operation, the Division of Food Services in the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools was one of the first selected for a series of Management Operations Review and Evaluation (MORE) studies. The Division directs the delivery of food services to all 178 schools in the…

  17. 76 FR 61726 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... SECURITY Office of the Secretary Senior Executive Service Performance Review; Correction AGENCY: Office of... of the Senior Executive Performance Review Boards. This correction adds the names of three... September 26, 2011, in FR Doc. 2011- 24577, beginning on page 59417, please add the following three names...

  18. Solutions in radiology services management: a literature review*

    PubMed Central

    Pereira, Aline Garcia; Vergara, Lizandra Garcia Lupi; Merino, Eugenio Andrés Díaz; Wagner, Adriano

    2015-01-01

    Objective The present study was aimed at reviewing the literature to identify solutions for problems observed in radiology services. Materials and Methods Basic, qualitative, exploratory literature review at Scopus and SciELO databases, utilizing the Mendeley and Illustrator CC Adobe softwares. Results In the databases, 565 papers – 120 out of them, pdf free – were identified. Problems observed in the radiology sector are related to procedures scheduling, humanization, lack of training, poor knowledge and use of management techniques, and interaction with users. The design management provides the services with interesting solutions such as Benchmarking, CRM, Lean Approach, ServiceBlueprinting, continued education, among others. Conclusion Literature review is an important tool to identify problems and respective solutions. However, considering the small number of studies approaching management of radiology services, this is a great field of research for the development of deeper studies. PMID:26543281

  19. 42 CFR 416.171 - Determination of payment rates for ASC services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...416.164(b), with the exception of radiology services as provided in § 416.164...surgical procedures and covered ancillary radiology services. Notwithstanding the provisions...offices or for any covered ancillary radiology service, the national unadjusted...

  20. Redesigning a home oxygen assessment and review service.

    PubMed

    Wrench, Christine; Darwin, Ruth; Lawson, Rod

    2015-03-01

    The Sheffield home oxygen assessment and review service was developed as a nurse-led, protocol-driven service, offering high standards of care to a limited number of patients. In line with national changes to oxygen provision in 2011, the service team was approached to address inconsistencies and inequalities in the existing care pathway, with a view to becoming a fully commissioned service. This required a complete redesign of the service, using a collaborative approach to include relevant interested parties in planning and decision making. Additional support was gained through participation in the NHS Improvement lung national improvement project. This article outlines the process of service redesign, including some of the major challenges as well as the main learning points. It has led to the provision of an equitable and efficient service for all oxygen patients across the city, offering more community clinics and robust cost controls, while maintaining quality of care. PMID:25727633

  1. A Review of Telehealth Service Implementation Frameworks

    PubMed Central

    van Dyk, Liezl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potential of telehealth services to increase the quality and accessibility of healthcare, the success rate of such services has been disappointing. The purpose of this paper is to find and compare existing frameworks for the implementation of telehealth services that can contribute to the success rate of future endeavors. After a thorough discussion of these frameworks, this paper outlines the development methodologies in terms of theoretical background, methodology and validation. Finally, the common themes and formats are identified for consideration in future implementation. It was confirmed that a holistic implementation approach is needed, which includes technology, organizational structures, change management, economic feasibility, societal impacts, perceptions, user-friendliness, evaluation and evidence, legislation, policy and governance. Furthermore, there is some scope for scientifically rigorous framework development and validation approaches. PMID:24464237

  2. Review of the Rural Manpower Service, 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

    In response to a public complaint filed with the Secretary of Labor alleging discriminatory practice by the Rural Manpower Service (RMS), an investigation of the charges was conducted. The petition was filed on behalf of 16 organizations and 398 specifically named individuals, and it accused the RMS of exploiting migrant farm workers. The…

  3. 75 FR 20400 - Submission for Review: Federal Cyber Service: Scholarship for Service (SFS) Registration Web Site

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office ] OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Federal Cyber Service: Scholarship for Service (SFS) Registration Web Site AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: 60-Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY:...

  4. 75 FR 57086 - Submission for Review: Federal Cyber Service: Scholarship for Service (SFS) Registration Web Site

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    ... information collection was previously published in the Federal Register on April 19, 2010 at 75 FR 20400... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Federal Cyber Service: Scholarship for Service (SFS) Registration Web Site...

  5. 77 FR 8330 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) gives notice under Public Law 92-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that various subcommittees of the...

  6. 78 FR 6854 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 2, that the Centers of...

  7. 8 CFR 1240.11 - Ancillary matters, applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Ancillary matters, applications. 1240...REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Removal Proceedings § 1240.11 Ancillary matters, applications. (a...classified information shall state that the information is...

  8. 8 CFR 1240.11 - Ancillary matters, applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Ancillary matters, applications. 1240...REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Removal Proceedings § 1240.11 Ancillary matters, applications. (a...classified information shall state that the information is...

  9. 75 FR 62591 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, Public Law 95-454 (Section 405) requires that appointments of individual members to a Performance Review Board (PRB) be published in the Federal Register. The performance review function for the SES in NASA is being performed by the NASA PRB and the NASA Senior Executive Committee. The latter performs this function for senior executives who report directly......

  10. Questions & Answers on NOAA Fisheries Service Review of Cherry Point Herring & Updated Review of

    E-print Network

    Questions & Answers on NOAA Fisheries Service Review of Cherry Point Herring & Updated Review herring stocks, including Cherry Point, belonged to a larger group of Pacific herring consisting of more herring stocks within the Georgia Basin (the Cherry Point and Discovery Bay stocks) that have shown marked

  11. 75 FR 62501 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Update

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Update AGENCY: U.S. Agency For International Development, Office Of Inspector General. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice is hereby given of the appointment of members of the updated U.S. Agency for International Development, Office of Inspector...

  12. Citizen Review Panels for Child Protective Services: A National Profile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Blake L.; Royse, David

    2008-01-01

    Citizen Review Panels (CRPs) for Child Protective Services are groups of citizen-volunteers throughout the United States who are federally mandated to evaluate local and state child protection systems. This study presents a profile of 332 CRP members in 20 states with regards to their demographic information, length of time on the panel, and …

  13. Integrated Early Years Services: A Thematic Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Sandie; Sumsion, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the findings of a thematic review of research literature about integrated early years services (IEYS) [1995-2012]. Four themes are discussed: broad support for IEYS; critiques of claims about IEYS; a focus on inter-professional practice; and the challenge of evaluating IEYS. The article concludes with reflections concerning…

  14. Satellite Products and Services Review Board ATBD: Satellite-Derived

    E-print Network

    Miami, University of

    Satellite Products and Services Review Board ATBD: Satellite-Derived Ocean Heat Content Version 1.0 July 2012 ___________________________________ #12;NOAA /RSMAS ATBD : Satellite-Derived Ocean Heat/STAR) #12;NOAA /RSMAS ATBD : Satellite-Derived Ocean Heat Content Product Page 3 of 32 TABLE OF CONTENTS

  15. The sole source: the Library of Congress National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.

    PubMed

    Fitzpatrick, V

    1990-06-01

    The Library of Congress National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped leads a co-operative network of specialized libraries and ancillary agencies that are delivering a successful programme of reading and informational services to blind, visually impaired and handicapped users. Its unique position within the Library of Congress and the benefits which emanate from this relationship are described. This current review outlines and discusses the development, role and functioning of the National Library Service. PMID:10170658

  16. 78 FR 58383 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance...Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: United States Mint (USM), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of...Review Board (PRB) for the United States Mint (USM), the Fiscal Service (FS),...

  17. 75 FR 69047 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ...INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review...will comprise a standing roster for service on the Agency's 2010 and 2011...Michelle Batie, Division Chief, Civil Service Personnel Division. [FR...

  18. Academic-service partnerships in nursing: an integrative review.

    PubMed

    Beal, Judy A

    2012-01-01

    This integrative review summarizes currently available evidence on academic-service partnerships in the profession of nursing. More than 300 articles, published primarily in refereed journals, were accessed. Articles (110) were included in this review as they presented detailed and substantive information about any aspect of a nursing academic-service partnership. The majority were anecdotal in nature. Topics clustered around the following categories: pre-requisites for successful partnerships, benefits of partnerships, types of partnerships, and workforce development with its themes of academic-practice progression and educational re-design. Many examples of partnerships between academic and service settings were thoroughly described and best practices suggested, most often, however, without formal evaluation of outcomes. Nursing leaders in both settings have a long tradition of partnering with very little replicable evidence to support their efforts. It is critical that future initiatives evaluate the effectiveness of these partnerships, not only to ensure quality of patient outcomes but also to maximize efforts at building capacity for tomorrow's workforce. PMID:22548160

  19. Academic-Service Partnerships in Nursing: An Integrative Review

    PubMed Central

    Beal, Judy A.

    2012-01-01

    This integrative review summarizes currently available evidence on academic-service partnerships in the profession of nursing. More than 300 articles, published primarily in refereed journals, were accessed. Articles (110) were included in this review as they presented detailed and substantive information about any aspect of a nursing academic-service partnership. The majority were anecdotal in nature. Topics clustered around the following categories: pre-requisites for successful partnerships, benefits of partnerships, types of partnerships, and workforce development with its themes of academic-practice progression and educational re-design. Many examples of partnerships between academic and service settings were thoroughly described and best practices suggested, most often, however, without formal evaluation of outcomes. Nursing leaders in both settings have a long tradition of partnering with very little replicable evidence to support their efforts. It is critical that future initiatives evaluate the effectiveness of these partnerships, not only to ensure quality of patient outcomes but also to maximize efforts at building capacity for tomorrow's workforce. PMID:22548160

  20. 77 FR 73657 - Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Art-in-Architecture Program National Artist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-11

    ...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control...2012-0001; Sequence 16] Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review...GSA Form 7437) AGENCY: Public Buildings Service (GSA). ACTION: Notice...

  1. 1 CFR 10.12 - Format, indexes, and ancillaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Format, indexes, and ancillaries. 10.12 Section 10.12 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.12 Format, indexes, and ancillaries. (a)...

  2. 1 CFR 10.12 - Format, indexes, and ancillaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Format, indexes, and ancillaries. 10.12 Section 10.12 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.12 Format, indexes, and ancillaries. (a)...

  3. 1 CFR 10.12 - Format, indexes, and ancillaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Format, indexes, and ancillaries. 10.12 Section 10.12 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.12 Format, indexes, and ancillaries. (a)...

  4. 1 CFR 10.12 - Format, indexes, and ancillaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Format, indexes, and ancillaries. 10.12 Section 10.12 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.12 Format, indexes, and ancillaries. (a)...

  5. 1 CFR 10.12 - Format, indexes, and ancillaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Format, indexes, and ancillaries. 10.12 Section 10.12 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.12 Format, indexes, and ancillaries. (a)...

  6. The optimal organization of gynecologic oncology services: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Fung-Kee-Fung, M.; Kennedy, E.B.; Biagi, J.; Colgan, T.; D’Souza, D.; Elit, L.M.; Hunter, A.; Irish, J.; McLeod, R.; Rosen, B.

    2015-01-01

    Background A system-level organizational guideline for gynecologic oncology was identified by a provincial cancer agency as a key priority based on input from stakeholders, data showing more limited availability of multidisciplinary or specialist care in lower-volume than in higher-volume hospitals in the relevant jurisdiction, and variable rates of staging for ovarian and endometrial cancer patients. Methods A systematic review assessed the relationship of the organization of gynecologic oncology services with patient survival and surgical outcomes. The electronic databases medline and embase (ovid: 1996 through 9 January 2015) were searched using terms related to gynecologic malignancies combined with organization of services, patterns of care, and various facility and physician characteristics. Outcomes of interest included overall or disease-specific survival, short-term survival, adequate staging, and degree of cytoreduction or optimal cytoreduction (or both) for ovarian cancer patients by hospital or physician type, and rate of discrepancy in initial diagnoses and intraoperative consultation between non-specialist pathologists and gyne-oncology–specialist pathologists. Results One systematic review and sixteen additional primary studies met the inclusion criteria. The evidence base as a whole was judged to be of lower quality; however, a trend toward improved outcomes with centralization of gynecologic oncology was found, particularly with respect to the gynecologic oncology care of patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer. Conclusions Improvements in outcomes with centralization of gynecologic oncology services can be attributed to a number of factors, including access to specialist care and multidisciplinary team management. Findings of this systematic review should be used with caution because of the limitations of the evidence base; however, an expert consensus process made it possible to create recommendations for implementation. PMID:26300679

  7. Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation

    PubMed Central

    Bell, Michelle L; Davis, Devra L; Cifuentes, Luis A; Krupnick, Alan J; Morgenstern, Richard D; Thurston, George D

    2008-01-01

    Background Greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policies can provide ancillary benefits in terms of short-term improvements in air quality and associated health benefits. Several studies have analyzed the ancillary impacts of GHG policies for a variety of locations, pollutants, and policies. In this paper we review the existing evidence on ancillary health benefits relating to air pollution from various GHG strategies and provide a framework for such analysis. Methods We evaluate techniques used in different stages of such research for estimation of: (1) changes in air pollutant concentrations; (2) avoided adverse health endpoints; and (3) economic valuation of health consequences. The limitations and merits of various methods are examined. Finally, we conclude with recommendations for ancillary benefits analysis and related research gaps in the relevant disciplines. Results We found that to date most assessments have focused their analysis more heavily on one aspect of the framework (e.g., economic analysis). While a wide range of methods was applied to various policies and regions, results from multiple studies provide strong evidence that the short-term public health and economic benefits of ancillary benefits related to GHG mitigation strategies are substantial. Further, results of these analyses are likely to be underestimates because there are a number of important unquantified health and economic endpoints. Conclusion Remaining challenges include integrating the understanding of the relative toxicity of particulate matter by components or sources, developing better estimates of public health and environmental impacts on selected sub-populations, and devising new methods for evaluating heretofore unquantified and non-monetized benefits. PMID:18671873

  8. Ancillary effects of selected acid deposition control policies

    SciTech Connect

    Moe, R.J.; Lyke, A.J.; Nesse, R.J.

    1986-08-01

    NAPAP is examining a number of potential ways to reduce the precursors (sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) to acid deposition. However, the policies to reduce acid deposition will have other physical, biological and economic effects unrelated to acid deposition. For example, control policies that reduce sulfur dioxide emissions may also increase visibility. The effects of an acid deposition policy that are unrelated to acid deposition are referred to as ''ancillary'' effects. This reserch identifies and characterizes the principle physical and economic ancillary effects associated with acid deposition control and mitigation policies. In this study the ancillary benefits associated with four specific acid deposition policy options were investigated. The four policy options investigated are: (1) flue gas desulfurization, (2) coal blending or switching, (3) reductions in automobile emissions of NO/sub x/, and (4) lake liming. Potential ancillary benefits of each option were identified and characterized. Particular attention was paid to the literature on economic valuation of potential ancillary effects.

  9. 47 CFR 25.252 - Special requirements for ancillary terrestrial components operating in the 2000-2020 MHz/2180...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Special requirements for ancillary terrestrial components operating in the 2000-2020 MHz/2180-2200 MHz bands. 25.252 Section 25.252 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS...

  10. 47 CFR 25.252 - Special requirements for ancillary terrestrial components operating in the 2000-2020 MHz/2180...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Special requirements for ancillary terrestrial components operating in the 2000-2020 MHz/2180-2200 MHz bands. 25.252 Section 25.252 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS...

  11. 47 CFR 76.930 - Initiation of review of basic cable service and equipment rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Initiation of review of basic cable service and equipment rates. 76.930 Section 76.930 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.930 Initiation of review of basic...

  12. 76 FR 9786 - NIOSH Dose Reconstruction Program Ten-Year Review-Phase I Report on Customer Service; Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ...Report on Customer Service; Request for Public Review and Comment...Health and Human Services. ACTION: Request for public comment...NIOSH requests public review and comment...Report on Customer Service.'' This...

  13. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review...Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER...ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  14. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review...Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER...ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  15. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review...Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER...ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  16. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review...Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER...ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  17. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review...Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER...ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  18. 75 FR 43423 - 1998 Biennial Regulatory Review-Private Land Mobile Radio Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-26

    ...Regulatory Review--Private Land Mobile Radio Services AGENCY: Federal Communications...denies the petition filed by the Personal Radio Steering Group (PRSG) regarding certain Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS) rules. In essence,...

  19. 75 FR 59800 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-28

    ...THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board...DATES: The membership on the Public Debt PRB as described in the...Division, Office of Management Services, BPD, (304)...

  20. 77 FR 65248 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ...THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board...members to the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD) PRB: Primary...Office of Administrative Services, BPD; Paul V. Crowe,...

  1. 76 FR 64429 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ...THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board...DATES: The membership on the Public Debt PRB as described in the...Division, Office of Management Services, BPD, (304)...

  2. 76 FR 59664 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-27

    ...Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards AGENCY: Defense Contract Audit Agency, Department of Defense (DoD...Notice of Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service...

  3. A Quantitative review of relationships between Ecosystem services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, H.; Lautenbach, S.

    2014-12-01

    Each decision in natural resources management can generate trade-offs with respect to the provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). If the increase of one ES happens directly or indirectly at the cost of another ES, an attempt to maximize the provision of a single ES will lead to suboptimal results. However, decisions in natural resources management are often made without considering such trade-offs, despite their crucial role toward supporting better decision-making. The research on trade-offs between ES has gained some attention in the scientific community. However, a synthesis on existing knowledge and knowledge gaps is missing so far. We aim at closing that gap by a quantitative review of recent literature on trade-offs of ES. We looked at the pairs of ES that have been studied in ~100 case studies that report on trade-offs between ES. If a case study analyzed more than one ES pair, we looked at all pairwise combinations. We categorized relationships between these pairs of ES into the categories "trade-off", "synergy" or "no-effect". Most pairs of ES had a clear association with one category: the majority of case studies that studied a specific pair of ES identified the same category of relationship between the two ES. Pairs of regulating services were typically synergetic in relationship, whereas provisioning services and regulating services typically showed a trade-off. However, for several pairs of ES we were not able to identify a dominate category of relationship. Our hypothesis is that this relates to either the scale of the analysis, the land system where the analysis took place or the method used to quantify the relationship. The number of case studies for each pair of ES was spread unevenly. This hinders the support for a conclusive statement drawn for the pairs. Our results showed further that the method used to identify the relationship between services had a strong effect on the direction of the effect. This suggests that researchers should consider their method carefully. We believe that our results are of use for the scientific community as well as for practitioners since they provide helpful information about which services to include in ES assessments. Furthermore, they allow a first check if critical trade-offs have been considered in an analysis.

  4. 75 FR 57906 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ...Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards AGENCY: Defense Contract Audit Agency, DOD. ACTION: Notice...appointment of members to the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) Performance Review...

  5. Ancillary Care: From Theory to Practice in International Clinical Research

    PubMed Central

    Pratt, Bridget; Zion, Deborah; Lwin, Khin Maung; Cheah, Phaik Yeong; Nosten, Francois; Loff, Bebe

    2013-01-01

    How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. This article describes how the provision of ancillary care can link international clinical research to the reduction of global health disparities. It identifies the ancillary care obligations supported by a theory of global justice, showing that Jennifer Ruger’s health capability paradigm requires the delivery of ancillary care to trial participants for a limited subset of conditions that cause severe morbidity and mortality. Empirical research on the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit’s (SMRU) vivax malaria treatment trial was then undertaken to demonstrate whether and how these obligations might be upheld in a resource-poor setting. Our findings show that fulfilment of the ancillary care obligations is feasible where there is commitment from chief investigators and funders and is strongly facilitated by SMRU’s dual role as a research unit and medical non-governmental organization. PMID:23864908

  6. 10 CFR 9.33 - Search, review, and special service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Search, review, and special service fees. 9.33 Section 9... Search, review, and special service fees. (a) The NRC charges fees for— (1) Search, duplication, and...) Search time that exceeds two hours and duplication of agency records of more than 100 pages for...

  7. 10 CFR 9.33 - Search, review, and special service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Search, review, and special service fees. 9.33 Section 9... Search, review, and special service fees. (a) The NRC charges fees for— (1) Search, duplication, and...) Search time that exceeds two hours and duplication of agency records of more than 100 pages for...

  8. 76 FR 59664 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-27

    ... of the Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards AGENCY: Defense Contract Audit Agency, Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice of Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards....

  9. 78 FR 58383 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ... United States Mint Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: United States Mint (USM), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of members of Combined Performance Review Board. SUMMARY... the United States Mint (USM), the Fiscal Service (FS), the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network...

  10. Distributed Smart Grid Asset Control Strategies for Providing Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect

    Kalsi, Karanjit; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Moya, Christian; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2013-10-30

    With large-scale plans to integrate renewable generation driven mainly by state-level renewable portfolio requirements, more resources will be needed to compensate for the uncertainty and variability associated with intermittent generation resources. Distributed assets can be used to mitigate the concerns associated with renewable energy resources and to keep costs down. Under such conditions, performing primary frequency control using only supply-side resources becomes not only prohibitively expensive but also technically difficult. It is therefore important to explore how a sufficient proportion of the loads could assume a routine role in primary frequency control to maintain the stability of the system at an acceptable cost. The main objective of this project is to develop a novel hierarchical distributed framework for frequency based load control. The framework involves two decision layers. The top decision layer determines the optimal gain for aggregated loads for each load bus. The gains are computed using decentralized robust control methods, and will be broadcast to the corresponding participating loads every control period. The second layer consists of a large number of heterogeneous devices, which switch probabilistically during contingencies so that aggregated power change matches the desired amount according to the most recently received gains. The simulation results show great potential to enable systematic design of demand-side primary frequency control with stability guarantees on the overall power system. The proposed design systematically accounts for the interactions between the total load response and bulk power system frequency dynamics. It also guarantees frequency stability under a wide range of time varying operating conditions. The local device-level load response rules fully respect the device constraints (such as temperature setpoint, compressor time delays of HVACs, or arrival and departure of the deferrable loads), which are crucial for implementing real load control programs. The promise of autonomous, Grid Friendly™ response by smart appliances in the form of under-frequency load shedding was demonstrated in the GridWise Olympic Peninsula Demonstration in 2006. Each controller monitored the power grid voltage signal and requested that electrical load be shed by its appliance whenever electric power-grid frequency fell below 59.95 Hz. The controllers and their appliances responded reliably to each shallow under-frequency event, which was an average of one event per day and shed their loads for the durations of these events. Another objective of this project was to perform extensive simulation studies to investigate the impact of a population of Grid Friendly™ Appliances (GFAs) on the bulk power system frequency stability. The GFAs considered in this report are represented as demonstration units with water heaters individually modeled.

  11. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    E-print Network

    MacDonald, Jason

    2014-01-01

    Synchronous reserves are the unloaded synchronized capacity of generationgeneration on the system. These are classified into synchronous (Synchronous Reserve Market into two tiers. Tier 1 reserves are those that result from economically dispatching generation

  12. Alternative Approaches for Incentivizing the Frequency Responsive Reserve Ancillary Service

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.; Tuohy, A.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Brooks, D.

    2012-05-01

    Frequency responsive reserve is the autonomous response of generators and demand response to deviations of system frequency, usually as a result of the instantaneous outage of a large supplier. This article discusses the issues that can occur without proper incentives and even disincentives, and proposes alternatives to introduce incentives for resources to provide frequency responsive reserve to ensure an efficient and reliable power system.

  13. Apollo experience report the command and service module milestone review process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brendle, H. L.; York, J. A.

    1974-01-01

    The sequence of the command and service module milestone review process is given, and the Customer Acceptance Readiness Review and Flight Readiness Review plans are presented. Contents of the System Summary Acceptance Documents for the two formal spacecraft reviews are detailed, and supplemental data required for presentation to the review boards are listed. Typical forms, correspondence, supporting documentation, and minutes of a board meeting are included.

  14. Alabama Public Library Service Annual Report, 2000. Year in Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

    The objectives of the Alabama Public Library Service are to: provide library services to the citizens directly or through local libraries; provide library services for those with special needs through the Regional Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped; provide library services to employees of the State of Alabama to meet their…

  15. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review... OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY...

  16. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review... OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY...

  17. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review... OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY...

  18. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review... OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY...

  19. 45 CFR 1355.31 - Elements of the child and family services review system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Elements of the child and family services review... OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY...

  20. 75 FR 13129 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Sales Practice...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ...OMB Review; Sales Practice Format--Supplies and/or Services With an Established Catalog Price and Sales Practices Format-- Supplies and/or Services With Market Pricing...requirement regarding Sales Practice Format--Supplies and/or Services with an...

  1. 42 CFR 416.164 - Scope of ASC services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... diagnostic tests or interpretive services that are integral to a surgical procedure; (12) Administrative... operating surgeon. (b) Covered ancillary services. Ancillary items and services that are integral to a... (other than those integral to performance of a covered surgical procedure); (4) Diagnostic...

  2. 78 FR 63310 - Senior Executive Service; Fiscal Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-23

    ...of the following primary and alternate members to the Bureau of the Fiscal Service (Fiscal Service) PRB: Primary Members Anita D. Shandor, Deputy Commissioner, Finance and Administration, Fiscal Service John Hill, Assistant Commissioner,...

  3. 76 FR 61346 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ...Inspector General, (Foreign Service) Peace Corps Asa E. Cunningham Assistant Inspector...Deputy Inspector General, Department of Education Daniel J. O'Rourke Assistant Inspector...General for Audit Services, Department of Education Dated: September 28, 2011. Aaron...

  4. [Medical service of the Armed Forces of Great Britain (review of foreign internet-publications)].

    PubMed

    Agapitov, A A; Bolekhan, V N; Ivchenko, E V; Krassi?, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Petrov, S V; Rezvantsev, M V

    2012-07-01

    The present review is dedicated to organization and principles of operation of the Medical service of the Armed Forces of Great Britain. At the beginning of the review a brief description of British Armed Forces and their medical service is presented. Then the particular key elements of the medical service such as the medical services of the Armed Forces major components, inpatient care, medical supplies, research, medical care at an operation theater, medical personnel training are considered. The special attention is paid to the Joint Medical Command formed four years ago as a prototype for the future integration and centralization of the whole medical service. The cooperation with the civil health care has played an increasing role in the organization of British military medicine. That is why the review includes the short description of the major structure of the British civil health care system--the National Health Service. PMID:23038960

  5. Ascent/descent ancillary data production user's guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brans, H. R.; Seacord, A. W., II; Ulmer, J. W.

    1986-01-01

    The Ascent/Descent Ancillary Data Product, also called the A/D BET because it contains a Best Estimate of the Trajectory (BET), is a collection of trajectory, attitude, and atmospheric related parameters computed for the ascent and descent phases of each Shuttle Mission. These computations are executed shortly after the event in a post-flight environment. A collection of several routines including some stand-alone routines constitute what is called the Ascent/Descent Ancillary Data Production Program. A User's Guide for that program is given. It is intended to provide the reader with all the information necessary to generate an Ascent or a Descent Ancillary Data Product. It includes descriptions of the input data and output data for each routine, and contains explicit instructions on how to run each routine. A description of the final output product is given.

  6. 75 FR 2144 - Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Art-in-Architecture Program National Artist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-14

    ...Control No. 3090-0274] Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review...Artist Registry AGENCY: Public Buildings Service, (GSA). ACTION: Notice...CONTACT: Ms. Susan Harrison, Public Buildings Service, Office of the Chief...

  7. OFT ascent/descent ancillary data requirements document

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bond, A. C., Jr.; Abramson, B.

    1978-01-01

    Requirements are presented for the ascent/descent (A/D) navigation and attitude-dependent ancillary data products to be generated for the space shuttle orbiter in support of orbital flight test requirements, MPAD guidance and navigation performance assessment, and the mission evaluation team. It was intended that this document serve as the sole requirements control instrument between MPB/MPAD and the A/D ancillary data users. The requirements are primarily functional in nature, but some detail level requirements are also included.

  8. Shuttle program: OFT ascent/descent ancillary data requirements document

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bond, A. C., Jr.; Knoedler, J.

    1980-01-01

    Requirements are presented for the ascent/descent (A/D) navigation and attitude-dependent ancillary data products to be generated for the space shuttle orbiter in support of the orbital flight test (OFT) flight test requirements, MPAD guidance and navigation performance assessment, and the mission evaluation team. The A/D ancillary data support for OFT mission evaluation activities is confined to providing postflight position, velocity, attitude, and associated navigation and attitude derived parameters for the Orbiter over particular flight phases and time intervals.

  9. 77 FR 12331 - Membership of National Science Foundation's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Membership of National Science Foundation's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Announcement of Membership of the National Science Foundation's...

  10. 75 FR 65404 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...notice under Public Law 92-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that a teleconference meeting of the Spinal Cord Injury & Regenerative Medicine Subcommittee of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will be held...

  11. 77 FR 58585 - Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-21

    ...Service Performance Review Board: Mr. Jeffery J. Teitz, Ms. Martha Gagne, Mr. Robert W. Denniston, and Ms. Michelle C. Marx. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Please direct any questions to Edward H. Jurith, Senior General Counsel (202)...

  12. 75 FR 60864 - Senior Executive Service Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Senior Executive Service Combined Performance...Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION...the Public Debt (BPD), United States Mint (USM), Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and...

  13. 78 FR 36011 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... Administration. ACTION: Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership. Title 5, U.S...* *New Member Reginald F. Wells, Deputy Commissioner for Human Resources. BILLING CODE 4191-02-P...

  14. 75 FR 55831 - Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review Board.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ...Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Dr. Terry Zobeck, Ms. Martha Gagne, Ms. Christine Leonard, and Mr. Patrick Ward. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Please direct any questions to Linda V. Priebe, Deputy General Counsel (202)...

  15. 77 FR 58585 - Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-21

    ... been appointed to the ONDCP Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Mr. Jeffery J. Teitz, Ms. Martha Gagne, Mr. Robert W. Denniston, and Ms. Michelle C. Marx. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  16. 78 FR 30939 - Appointment of Members of Senior Executive Services Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ... been appointed to the ONDCP Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board: Mr. Jeffrey Teitz, Dr. Terry Zobeck, Ms. Martha Gagne, and Mr. Gerard Burns. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Please direct...

  17. 76 FR 58559 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Social Security... members of the Social Security Administration: Sean Brune; Robert Emrich; * Brad Flick; Stephanie...

  18. 75 FR 14441 - General Services Administration; Office of Governmentwide Policy; Submission for Review; Tangible...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ...for Review; Tangible Personal Property Report; Standard Form SF-428 AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide Policy, General Services...The new standard form, the Tangible Personal Property Report (SF-428) is available on OMB's main Web page at...

  19. Chapter 5. System security and ancillary Introduction

    E-print Network

    Ernst, Damien

    service: may be provided by units which are not synchronized to the grid but can be brought on line quick generators having a capacity of 100 MW each connected to a load. Maximum load that can be handled securely you can serve but in case of an outage of a generator you may correctively adjust the generating power

  20. 75 FR 20816 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce. ACTION...: Captain John E. Lowell, Jr., NOAA, Designated Federal Official (DFO), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office...: (1) NOAA priorities, future directions and strategic plans for NOAA and NOAA's work in the Arctic;...

  1. Improving Immigrant Populations' Access to Mental Health Services in Canada: A Review of Barriers and Recommendations.

    PubMed

    Thomson, Mary Susan; Chaze, Ferzana; George, Usha; Guruge, Sepali

    2015-12-01

    This article emerges from a scoping review of over two decades of relevant literature on immigrants' access to mental health services in Canada. Key online databases were searched to explore the gaps and opportunities for improving access to mental health services using a review framework provided by Arksey and O'Malley (Int J Soc Res Methodol 8:19-32, 2005). Immigrants and refugees came from diverse religious and cultural backgrounds and had complex mental health-related concerns that were not currently being adequately addressed by existing services. The major barriers to the utilization of mental health services included: those related to the uptake of existing health information and services; those that were related to the process of immigrant settlement; and barriers related to availability of appropriate services. A thematic analysis of the range of recommendations that emerge from these studies for improvement of research, practice and policy is provided. PMID:25742880

  2. Review of the Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Event Response Program of the National Marine Fisheries Service

    E-print Network

    Review of the Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Event Response Program of the National Marine and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-OPR-33 September National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Protected Resources 1315 East-West Highway Silver Spring

  3. 5 CFR 2424.22 - Exclusive representative's petition for review; purpose; content; severance; service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exclusive representative's petition for review; purpose; content; severance; service. 2424.22 Section 2424.22 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY, GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY AND FEDERAL SERVICE IMPASSES PANEL FEDERAL LABOR...

  4. A Review of Healthcare Service and Education Provision of Autism Spectrum Condition in Mainland China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Xiang; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Brayne, Carol

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about the current situation regarding Autism Spectrum Conditions in mainland China. Electronic databases and bibliographies were searched to identify literature on service provision for ASC in both English and Chinese databases. 14 studies and 6 reports were reviewed. The findings of identified papers on service provision were…

  5. 77 FR 66793 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice lists approved candidates who will comprise a standing roster for service on the Agency's 2012...

  6. 75 FR 69047 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice lists approved candidates who will comprise a standing roster for service on the Agency's 2010...

  7. PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-print Network

    PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service Investigations During 1961. Janzen, Director Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director PESTICIDE - WILDLIFE-582, the Service was specifically di- rected to evaluate the effects of pesticides on wildlife, and to assist

  8. Outcomes and Effectiveness of Family Support Services: A Research Review. In Practice Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Statham, June

    This report reviews the evidence for the effectiveness of different kinds of family support services, focusing on services in the United Kingdom, particularly for families who are disadvantaged or experiencing particular difficulties in their lives. The report also describes different evaluation methods and presents information on various measures…

  9. Systematic Review of Service-Learning in Youth Physical Activity Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Russell L.; Raguse, Allison L.

    2014-01-01

    The extent to which service-learning exists in the field of kinesiology broadly, and more specifically related to the physical activity of youth, remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the service-learning literature in kinesiology, with a specific focus on youth physical activity settings.…

  10. Engine Tune-up Service. Unit 4: Secondary Circuit. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacon, E. Miles

    This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 4, Secondary Circuit, available separately as CE 031 214. Focus of the exercises and pretests is testing and servicing the secondary ignition circuit. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the seven…

  11. 75 FR 33220 - Unlicensed Personal Communications Services Devices in the 1920-1930 MHz Band

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-11

    ...Unlicensed Personal Communications Services. As...ancillary fixed communication services to...Unlicensed Personal Communication Service (UPCS...Unlicensed Personal Communications Services (UPCS...support multiple communications links on a given...ends of such a communication link shall...

  12. 78 FR 5516 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH... INFORMATION CONTACT: Linda M. Beard, Human Resources Specialist, U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Review... Safety and Health Review Commission. ACTION: Annual notice. SUMMARY: Notice is given under 5 U.S.C....

  13. 76 FR 39926 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH... CONTACT: Debra A. Hall, Acting Executive Director, U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission... Safety and Health Review Commission. ACTION: Annual notice. SUMMARY: Notice is given under 5 U.S.C....

  14. 75 FR 14214 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH... CONTACT: Debra A. Hall, Deputy Executive Director, U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission... Safety and Health Review Commission. ACTION: Annual notice. SUMMARY: Notice is given under 5 U.S.C....

  15. 75 FR 68668 - Senior Executive Service; Departmental Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-08

    ...Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 4314(c)(4), this notice announces the appointment of members of the Departmental Offices Performance Review Board (PRB). The purpose of this Board is to review and make recommendations concerning proposed performance appraisals, ratings, bonuses and other appropriate personnel actions for incumbents of SES positions in the Departmental Offices, excluding the Legal......

  16. 49 CFR 360.1 - Fees for records search, review, copying, certification, and related services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the following basis, pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act regulations at 49 CFR Part 7: (a... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees for records search, review, copying... records search, review, copying, certification, and related services. Certifications and copies of...

  17. 49 CFR 360.1 - Fees for records search, review, copying, certification, and related services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the following basis, pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act regulations at 49 CFR Part 7: (a... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fees for records search, review, copying... records search, review, copying, certification, and related services. Certifications and copies of...

  18. 76 FR 18516 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Armed Forces Retirement Home. ACTION: Notice of Members of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Review Board (PRB). SUMMARY: Pursuant to...

  19. Student Service Members/Veterans in Higher Education: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Adam E.; Whiteman, Shawn D.; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

    2014-01-01

    We systematically reviewed the data-based peer-reviewed research examining student service members/veterans (SSM/V) in higher education. Compared to civilian peers, SSM/V exhibit disproportionately higher rates of health risk behaviors and psychological symptoms, and personal and educational adjustment difficulties (i.e., inability to connect with…

  20. Retirement Plans2014 Investment Performance Review Human Resources, Support Services Building,

    E-print Network

    Lennard, William N.

    Western Retirement Plans2014 Investment Performance Review Human Resources, Support Services;Planning your journey to retirement with the 2014 Investment Performance Review Planning for retirement is like planning for a journey ­ it works best when you have a clear idea of where you want to go and set

  1. 78 FR 56930 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-16

    ...Pursuant to the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 4314(c)(4), the Department of Justice announces the membership of its 2013 Senior Executive Service (SES) Standing Performance Review Boards (PRBs). The purpose of a PRB is to provide fair and impartial review of SES performance appraisals, bonus recommendations and pay adjustments. The PRBs will make recommendations regarding the final performance......

  2. 75 FR 65404 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ... teleconference meeting of the Spinal Cord Injury & Regenerative Medicine Subcommittee of the Rehabilitation... Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting The Department... proposals and critiques. The purpose of the Board is to review rehabilitation research and...

  3. 75 FR 57906 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ... of the Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards AGENCY: Defense Contract Audit Agency, DOD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the appointment of members to the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) Performance Review Boards....

  4. Improving the Quality of Services in Residential Treatment Facilities: A Strength-Based Consultative Review Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavkov, Thomas W.; Lourie, Ira S.; Hug, Richard W.; Negash, Sesen

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive case study reports on the positive impact of a consultative review methodology used to conduct quality assurance reviews as part of the Residential Treatment Center Evaluation Project. The study details improvement in the quality of services provided to youth in unmonitored residential treatment facilities. Improvements were…

  5. 78 FR 76148 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... Performance Review Board as it was most recently published at 77 FR 64521 (October 22, 2012). Approved... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of Government Ethics...

  6. 46 CFR 58.25-80 - Automatic pilots and ancillary steering gear.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Automatic pilots and ancillary steering gear. 58.25-80... AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Steering Gear § 58.25-80 Automatic pilots and ancillary steering gear. (a) Automatic pilots and ancillary steering gear, and steering-gear control systems, must...

  7. 78 FR 75447 - Senior Executive Service; Departmental Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ...Reynolds, Deputy Director, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network David A. Lebryk, Commissioner, Bureau of Fiscal Service Wanda...Larry R. Felix, Director, Bureau of Engraving and Printing Leonard Olijar, Deputy Director, Bureau of Engraving and...

  8. A Review of Risk Factors Assessed in Child Protective Services

    E-print Network

    McDonald, Thomas P.; Marks, Jill

    1991-01-01

    Evaluating the likelihood of future maltreatment is a critical component of decision making in the child protective service process. A relatively recent phenomenon is the use of formal risk-assessment instruments for the collection of specific...

  9. Unanticipated Consequences: Thinking About Ancillary Benefits and Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Mitigation

    SciTech Connect

    Edmonds, James A.

    2005-03-31

    Recently there has been interest in the “ancillary benefits” of potential policies to address climate change. Ancillary benefits occur whenever a policy to address climate change also results in a reduction in some conventional pollutant. Framing the problem in terms of ancillary benefits is too narrow. In general implementation of any policy can have consequences for unpriced environmental externalities that extend beyond the original target of the policy. These ancillary consequences can be either positive, negative, or mixed. This is the inevitable implication of undertaking policy in a non-linear world. In this essay we explore some of the ancillary benefits and costs of addressing climate change.

  10. 76 FR 9786 - NIOSH Dose Reconstruction Program Ten-Year Review-Phase I Report on Customer Service; Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ...--Phase I Report on Customer Service; Request for Public Review and Comment AGENCY: National Institute for... the draft publication, ``NIOSH Dose Reconstruction Program Ten-Year Review--Phase I Report on Customer Service.'' This publication is part of a review by NIOSH of its program in support of the role of...

  11. Using Technology to Deliver Mental Health Services to Children and Youth: A Scoping Review

    PubMed Central

    Boydell, Katherine M.; Hodgins, Michael; Pignatiello, Antonio; Teshima, John; Edwards, Helen; Willis, David

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To conduct a scoping review on the use of technology to deliver mental health services to children and youth in order to identify the breadth of peer-reviewed literature, summarize findings and identify gaps. Method: A literature database search identified 126 original studies meeting criteria for review. Descriptive numerical summary and thematic analyses were conducted. Two reviewers independently extracted data. Results: Studies were characterized by diverse technologies including videoconferencing, telephone and mobile phone applications and Internet-based applications such as email, web sites and CD-ROMs. Conclusion: The use of technologies plays a major role in the delivery of mental health services and supports to children and youth in providing prevention, assessment, diagnosis, counseling and treatment programs. Strategies are growing exponentially on a global basis, thus it is critical to study the impact of these technologies on child and youth mental health service delivery. An in-depth review and synthesis of the quality of findings of studies on effectiveness of the use of technologies in service delivery are also warranted. A full systematic review would provide that opportunity. PMID:24872824

  12. Ancillary qubit spectroscopy of cavity (circuit) QED vacua

    E-print Network

    Jared Lolli; Alexandre Baksic; David Nagy; Vladimir E. Manucharyan; Cristiano Ciuti

    2014-11-20

    We investigate theoretically how the spectroscopy of an ancillary qubit can probe cavity (circuit) QED ground states containing photons. We consider three classes of systems (Dicke, Tavis-Cummings and Hopfield-like models), where non-trivial vacua are the result of ultrastrong coupling between N two-level systems and a single-mode bosonic field. An ancillary qubit detuned with respect to the boson frequency is shown to reveal distinct spectral signatures depending on the type of vacua. In particular, the Lamb shift of the ancilla is sensitive to both ground state photon population and correlations. Back-action of the ancilla on the cavity ground state is investigated, taking into account the dissipation via a consistent master equation for the ultrastrong coupling regime. The conditions for high-fidelity measurements are determined.

  13. Transition Services for Youth with Autism: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westbrook, John D.; Fong, Carlton J.; Nye, Chad; Williams, Ann; Wendt, Oliver; Cortopassi, Tara

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: As the number of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) rises, attention is increasingly focused on employment outcomes for individuals with ASD who are exiting public school settings. This review aimed to identify what works in transition programs to help students with ASD obtain competitive employment after…

  14. 76 FR 28439 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; NCI Cancer Genetics Services Directory Web-Based...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-17

    ...for OMB Review; Comment Request; NCI Cancer Genetics Services Directory Web-Based...Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the National Institutes...number. Proposed Collection: Title: NCI Cancer Genetics Services Directory...

  15. Quantum computation mediated by ancillary qudits and spin coherent states

    E-print Network

    Timothy J. Proctor; Shane Dooley; Viv Kendon

    2014-12-09

    Models of universal quantum computation in which the required interactions between register (computational) qubits are mediated by some ancillary system are highly relevant to experimental realisations of a quantum computer. We introduce such a universal model that employs a $d$-dimensional ancillary qudit. The ancilla-register interactions take the form of controlled displacements operators, with a displacement operator defined on the periodic and discrete lattice phase space of a qudit. We show that these interactions can implement controlled phase gates on the register by utilising geometric phases that are created when closed loops are traversed in this phase space. The extra degrees of freedom of the ancilla can be harnessed to reduce the number of operations required for certain gate sequences. In particular, we see that the computational advantages of the quantum bus (qubus) architecture, which employs a field-mode ancilla, are also applicable to this model. We then explore an alternative ancilla-mediated model which employs a spin-ensemble as the ancillary system and again the interactions with the register qubits are via controlled displacement operators, with a displacement operator defined on the Bloch sphere phase space of the spin coherent states of the ensemble. We discuss the computational advantages of this model and its relationship with the qubus architecture.

  16. Quantum computation mediated by ancillary qudits and spin coherent states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Proctor, Timothy J.; Dooley, Shane; Kendon, Viv

    2015-01-01

    Models of universal quantum computation in which the required interactions between register (computational) qubits are mediated by some ancillary system are highly relevant to experimental realizations of a quantum computer. We introduce such a universal model that employs a d -dimensional ancillary qudit. The ancilla-register interactions take the form of controlled displacements operators, with a displacement operator defined on the periodic and discrete lattice phase space of a qudit. We show that these interactions can implement controlled phase gates on the register by utilizing geometric phases that are created when closed loops are traversed in this phase space. The extra degrees of freedom of the ancilla can be harnessed to reduce the number of operations required for certain gate sequences. In particular, we see that the computational advantages of the quantum bus (qubus) architecture, which employs a field-mode ancilla, are also applicable to this model. We then explore an alternative ancilla-mediated model which employs a spin ensemble as the ancillary system and again the interactions with the register qubits are via controlled displacement operators, with a displacement operator defined on the Bloch sphere phase space of the spin coherent states of the ensemble. We discuss the computational advantages of this model and its relationship with the qubus architecture.

  17. 76 FR 63351 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... on October 12, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Wanda J. Rogers, Deputy Commissioner, Financial... follows: Primary Members Wanda J. Rogers, Deputy Commissioner. Kristine S. Conrath, Assistant Commissioner.... Rogers, Deputy Commissioner, Financial Management Service. BILLING CODE 4810-35-M...

  18. Effects of Lean Six Sigma application in healthcare services: a literature review.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Selim; Manaf, Noor H A; Islam, Rafikul

    2013-01-01

    The healthcare organization is the place where defects and mistakes cannot be tolerated. A simple mistake can cost a human life so defects or mistakes must be eliminated in healthcare service processes. A Lean Six Sigma (LSS) approach is the best option in a healthcare environment for dealing with a critical patient. The LSS methodology optimizes the average reduction of a desired process. The expected results can be reductions in several aspects of healthcare such as patient waiting time in emergency departments, lost charges for billing in patient financial services, delinquent medical records, diagnostic result turnaround times, accounts receivable days, patients' length of stay, or medication errors. This paper mainly discusses the effects of the LSS approach in different hospitals around the world according to the literature review. This review also discusses the relationship between LSS as well as their impacts on healthcare services based on literature review. PMID:24413212

  19. Review of psychiatric services to mentally disordered offenders around the Pacific Rim.

    PubMed

    Every-Palmer, Susanna; Brink, Johann; Chern, Tor P; Choi, Wing-Kit; Hern-Yee, Jerome Goh; Green, Bob; Heffernan, Ed; Johnson, Sarah B; Kachaeva, Margarita; Shiina, Akihiro; Walker, David; Wu, Kevin; Wang, Xiaoping; Mellsop, Graham

    2014-03-01

    This article was commissioned to collate and review forensic psychiatric services provided in a number of key Pacific Rim locations in the hope that it will assist in future dialogue about service development. The Board of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists identified experts in forensic psychiatry from Australia, Canada, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, and the US. Each contributor provided an account of issues in their jurisdiction, including mental health services to mentally disordered offenders in prison, competence or fitness to stand trial, legal insanity as a defense at trial, diminished responsibility, and special forensic services available, including forensic hospitals and community forensic mental health services. Responses have been collated and are presented topic by topic and country by country within the body of this review. The availability of mental health screening and psychiatric in-reach or forensic liaison services within prisons differed considerably between countries, as did provisioning of community forensic mental health and rehabilitation services. Diversion of mentally disordered offenders to forensic, state, or hybrid hospitals was common. Legal constructs of criminal responsibility (insanity defense) and fitness to stand trial ("disability") are almost universally recognized, although variably used. Disparities between unmet needs and resourcing available were common themes. The legislative differences between contributing countries with respect to the mental health law and criminal law relating to mentally disordered offenders are relatively subtle. The major differences lie in operationalizing and resourcing forensic services. PMID:24249353

  20. Service oriented architecture for clinical decision support: a systematic review and future directions.

    PubMed

    Loya, Salvador Rodriguez; Kawamoto, Kensaku; Chatwin, Chris; Huser, Vojtech

    2014-12-01

    The use of a service-oriented architecture (SOA) has been identified as a promising approach for improving health care by facilitating reliable clinical decision support (CDS). A review of the literature through October 2013 identified 44 articles on this topic. The review suggests that SOA related technologies such as Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) and Service Component Architecture (SCA) have not been generally adopted to impact health IT systems' performance for better care solutions. Additionally, technologies such as Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) and architectural approaches like Service Choreography have not been generally exploited among researchers and developers. Based on the experience of other industries and our observation of the evolution of SOA, we found that the greater use of these approaches have the potential to significantly impact SOA implementations for CDS. PMID:25325996

  1. Satisfaction measurement instruments for healthcare service users: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Almeida, Renato Santos de; Bourliataux-Lajoinie, Stephane; Martins, Mônica

    2015-01-01

    Patient satisfaction surveys can be an interesting way to improve quality and discuss the concept of patient-centered care. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review of the validated patient satisfaction measurement instruments applied in healthcare. The systematic review searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge. The search strategy used the terms: "Patient Satisfaction" AND "Patient centered care" AND "Healthcare survey OR Satisfaction questionnaire" AND "Psychometric properties". 37 studies were included and almost all studies showed that satisfaction is a multidimensional construct. In these studies, 34 different instruments were used and most surveys contained the dimension patient-healthcare professional interactions, physical environment and management process. The COSMIN score for methodological quality showed that most of them scored a good or fair average. We can conclude that there is not a gold standard instrument for patient satisfaction assessment but some dimensions are essential for this construct. PMID:25715288

  2. Do Online Mental Health Services Improve Help-Seeking for Young People? A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Mangan, Cheryl; Sanci, Lena

    2014-01-01

    Background Young people regularly use online services to seek help and look for information about mental health problems. Yet little is known about the effects that online services have on mental health and whether these services facilitate help-seeking in young people. Objective This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of online services in facilitating mental health help-seeking in young people. Methods Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, literature searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane library. Out of 608 publications identified, 18 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria of investigating online mental health services and help-seeking in young people aged 14-25 years. Results Two qualitative, 12 cross-sectional, one quasi-experimental, and three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were reviewed. There was no change in help-seeking behavior found in the RCTs, while the quasi-experimental study found a slight but significant increase in help-seeking. The cross-sectional studies reported that online services facilitated seeking help from a professional source for an average of 35% of users. The majority of the studies included small sample sizes and a high proportion of young women. Help-seeking was often a secondary outcome, with only 22% (4/18) of studies using adequate measures of help-seeking. The majority of studies identified in this review were of low quality and likely to be biased. Across all studies, young people regularly used and were generally satisfied with online mental health resources. Facilitators and barriers to help-seeking were also identified. Conclusions Few studies examine the effects of online services on mental health help-seeking. Further research is needed to determine whether online mental health services effectively facilitate help-seeking for young people. PMID:24594922

  3. Medicus Deus: a review of factors affecting hospital library services to patients between 1790–1950

    PubMed Central

    Perryman, Carol

    2006-01-01

    Question: What are some of the historical societal, medical, and public health trends leading to today's provision of hospital library services to patients? Data Sources: Literature from the archives of the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association and other library sources, medical journals, primary historical documents, and texts from the history of medicine form the core of this review. Study Selection: The period of review extends from about 1790 through 1950 and focuses solely on trends in the United States. Of primary concern are explicitly documented examples that appear to illustrate the patient-physician relationship and those between librarians and their patient-patrons during the earliest years of the profession's development. Data Extraction: An historical timeline was created to allow the identification of major trends that may have affected library services. Multiple literature searches were conducted using library, medical, and health anthropology resources. When possible, primary sources were preferred over reviews. Main Results: Juxtapositioning historical events allows the reader to obtain an overview of the roots of consumer health services in medical libraries and to consider their potential legacy in today's health care libraries. Conclusion: This review article highlights early developments in hospital library service to patients. Further research is needed to verify a preliminary conclusion that in some medical library settings, services to the general public are shaped by the broader health care environment as it has evolved. PMID:16888658

  4. Activity-based costing in services: literature bibliometric review.

    PubMed

    Stefano, Nara Medianeira; Filho, Nelson Casarotto

    2013-12-01

    This article is aimed at structuring a bibliography portfolio to treat the application of the ABC method in service and contribute to discussions within the scientific community. The methodology followed a three-stage procedure: Planning, execution and Synthesis. Also, the process ProKnow-C (Knowledge Process Development - Constructivist) was used in the execution stage. International databases were used to collect information (ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus). As a result, we obtained a bibliography portfolio of 21 articles (with scientific recognition) dealing with the proposed theme. PMID:23518506

  5. 42 CFR 416.164 - Scope of ASC services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...housekeeping items and services; (13) Materials, including supplies and equipment for the administration and monitoring of anesthesia; and (14) Supervision of the services of an anesthetist by the operating surgeon. (b) Covered ancillary...

  6. 42 CFR 416.164 - Scope of ASC services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...housekeeping items and services; (13) Materials, including supplies and equipment for the administration and monitoring of anesthesia; and (14) Supervision of the services of an anesthetist by the operating surgeon. (b) Covered ancillary...

  7. Monitoring access to out-of-hours care services in Scotland – a review

    PubMed Central

    Godden, Sylvia; Hilton, Simon; Pollock, Allyson M

    2011-01-01

    Objectives Changes in the contractual responsibilities of primary care practitioners and health boards have resulted in a plethora of arrangements relating to out-of-hours healthcare services. Rather than being guaranteed access to a GP (usually either their own or another through a local GP co-operative), patients have a number of alternative routes to services. Our objective was to identify and assess the availability and adequacy of relevant standards, responsibilities and information systems in Scotland to monitor the impact of contractual changes to out-of-hours healthcare services on equity of access. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting All providers of primary care out-of-hours services in Scotland. Participants Not applicable. Main outcome measures First, identification and policy review of current standards and performance monitoring systems, data and information, primarily through directly contacting national and local organizations responsible for monitoring out-of-hours care, supplemented by literature searches to highlight specific issues arising from the review; and second, mapping of data items by out-of-hours provider type to identify overlap and significant gaps. Results In Scotland, data monitoring systems have not kept pace with changes in the organization of out-of-hours care, so the impact on access to services for different population groups is unknown. There are significant gaps in information collected with respect to workforce, distribution of services, service utilisation and clinical outcomes. Conclusions Since 2004 there have been major changes to the way patients access out-of-hours healthcare in the UK. In Scotland, none of the current systems provide information on whether the new services satisfy the key NHS principle of equity of access. There is an urgent need for a comprehensive review of data standards and systems relating to out-of-hours care in order to monitor and evaluate inputs, processes and outcomes of care not least in respect of access and fairness of distribution of resources. PMID:21502215

  8. 75 FR 59800 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-28

    ... (PRB) for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD). The PRB reviews the performance appraisals of career... assigned to the Office of the Commissioner in BPD. The PRB makes recommendations regarding proposed... INFORMATION CONTACT: Angela Jones, Director, Human Resources Division, Office of Management Services,...

  9. 76 FR 64429 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ... (PRB) for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD). The PRB reviews the performance appraisals of career... assigned to the Office of the Commissioner in BPD. The PRB makes recommendations regarding proposed... INFORMATION CONTACT: Angela Jones, Director, Human Resources Division, Office of Management Services,...

  10. 76 FR 64428 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ... Review Board (PRB) for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD), the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP..., Office of Management Services, BPD, (304) 480-8301. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 4314... Combined PRB: Primary Members Anita Shandor, Deputy Commissioner, BPD. Pamela J. Gardiner, Deputy...

  11. 77 FR 66663 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ... Performance Review Board (PRB) for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD), the Financial Management Service (FMS..., Deputy Director, FinCEN; Anita Shandor, Deputy Commissioner, BPD; Pamela J. Gardiner-Little, Deputy..., Associate Director, FinCEN; Lori Santamorena, Executive Director, BPD; Leonard R. Olijar, Chief...

  12. Family-Based Services in Children's Mental Health: A Research Review and Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton

    2005-01-01

    A systematic review was undertaken of scientifically rigorous studies of family-based services in children's health and mental health. From a pool of over 4000 articles since 1980 in health and mental health that examined either specific family-based interventions for families of children or the processes of involvement, 41 studies were identified…

  13. Test Review: Roberts, G. E., & Gruber, C. (2005). "Roberts-2." Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanagan, Rosemary

    2008-01-01

    This article provides a review of Roberts-2, an individually administered narrative measure published by Western Psychological Services. Roberts-2 is a substantial revision of the earlier version of this measure, the Roberts Apperception Test for Children (RATC; McArthur & Roberts, 1982). Roberts-2 is composed of 16 stimulus cards that direct…

  14. 78 FR 26664 - Submission for Review: CyberCorps®: Scholarship For Service (SFS) Registration Web Site

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: CyberCorps : Scholarship For Service (SFS) Registration Web Site AGENCY: U... of the scholarship or one year, whichever is longer. Approval of the Web page is necessary...

  15. Program and Service Review. Pima County Community College District Institutional Effectiveness Series: 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pima County Community Coll. District, AZ.

    Program and Service Review (PSR) at Pima Community College in Arizona is a mechanism to provide continuous comprehensive evaluation and improvement of instructional programs and those support functions that directly serve students. The PSR's original statement of philosophy stresses the use of qualitative and quantitative measures to identify how…

  16. Evidence for Substance Abuse Services and Policy Research: A Systematic Review of National Databases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coffey, Rosanna M.; Levit, Katharine R.; Kassed, Cheryl A.; McLellan, A. Thomas; Chalk, Mady; Brady, Thomas M.; Vandivort-Warren, Rita

    2009-01-01

    We reviewed 39 national government- and nongovernment-sponsored data sets related to substance addiction policy. These data sets describe patients with substance use disorders (SUDs), treatment providers and the services they offer, and/or expenditures on treatment. Findings indicate the availability of reliable data on the prevalence of SUD and…

  17. Review and Analysis of Curricula For Occupations in Public Services. Information Series No. 29.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Wiley B.

    To identify major findings, promising developments, strategies, and methodological strengths and weaknesses which exist in curricula designed for training paraprofessional public service workers in the fields of education, social work, law enforcement, and fire fighting, a review and analysis was made of Educational Resources Information Center…

  18. 75 FR 43423 - 1998 Biennial Regulatory Review-Private Land Mobile Radio Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-26

    ... Opinion and Order (MO&O) at 67 FR 63279, October 11, 2002, in WT Docket No. 98-182. PRSG filed a petition... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 95 1998 Biennial Regulatory Review--Private Land Mobile Radio Services AGENCY:...

  19. PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES, 1963 A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-print Network

    PESTICIDE-WILDLIFE STUDIES, 1963 A Review of Fish and Wildlife Service Investigations During "ence F. Pau zke, Commissloner dllfe, Daniel H. Janzen, Director , 0 nald I. cKernan, Director PESTICIDE. Mollusks .. Fish ·.... Chronic exposure of fish to pesticides. Bioassay techniques .. Residue studies

  20. Engine Tune-Up Service. Unit 3: Primary Circuit. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacon, E. Miles

    This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 3, Primary Circuit, available separately as CE 031 211. Focus of the exercises and pretests is testing the primary ignition circuit. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the eight performance objectives…

  1. 78 FR 50144 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meetings The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 2, that the subcommittees of...

  2. 75 FR 60864 - Senior Executive Service Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... United States Mint Senior Executive Service Combined Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 4314(c)(4), this notice... States Mint (USM), Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) and Financial Crimes...

  3. Engine Tune-up Service. Unit 2: Charging System. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Roger L.; Bacon, E. Miles

    This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 2, Charging System, available separately as CE 031 208. Focus of the exercises and pretests is testing the charging system. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the three performance objectives contained in…

  4. 78 FR 27239 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Industrial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... previously approved information collection requirement regarding industrial funding fee and sales reporting. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 76446, on December 28, 2012. One comment was... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review;...

  5. 75 FR 4565 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Industrial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... reinstatement of a previously approved information collection requirement regarding industrial ] funding fee and sales reporting. A request for public comments was published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 58630, on... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review;...

  6. 75 FR 62540 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... published at 73 FR 53250-53251 (September 15, 2008). Approved: October 5, 2010. Robert I. Cusick, Director... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of Government Ethics...

  7. 77 FR 64521 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ... it was most recently published at 76 FR 60840 (September 30, 2011). Approved: October 11, 2012. Don W... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of Government Ethics...

  8. 76 FR 60840 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... it was most recently published at 75 FR 62540 (October 12, 2010). Approved: September 26, 2011. Don W... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of Government Ethics...

  9. Engaging fathers in child protection services: A review of factors and strategies across ecological systems

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, Derrick M.; Oliveros, Arazais; Hawes, Samuel W.; Iwamoto, Derek K.; Rayford, Brett S.

    2014-01-01

    Current policy regarding child protection services places increasing demands for providers to engage fathers whose children are involved in the child protection process. This requisite brings to the fore the ongoing challenges that fathers have historically faced in working within these systems. Despite this need, there is little empirical evidence regarding the factors and strategies that impact the engagement of fathers in interventions relevant to child protection services. This comprehensive and systemic review synthesizes the available literature regarding factors and strategies that may foster paternal involvement in the child protection system and their services. We organize the literature concerning paternal engagement in child and family services around an ecological model that examines paternal engagement from individual, family, service provider, program, community, and policy levels. We consider factors and strategies along a continuum of engagement through intent to enroll, enrollment, and retention. This review advances theory by elucidating key factors that foster father engagement. The review also highlights the gaps in the literature and provides strategies for how researchers can address these areas. Future directions in the arenas of practice and policy are discussed. PMID:25232202

  10. Ancillary procedures necessary for translational research in experimental craniomaxillofacial surgery

    PubMed Central

    Al Rakan, Mohammed; Shores, Jaimie T.; Bonawitz, Steve; Santiago, Gabriel; Christensen, Joani M.; Grant, Gerald; Murphy, Ryan J.; Basafa, Ehsan; Armand, Mehran; Otovic, Pete; Eller, Sue; Brandacher, Gerald; Gordon, Chad R.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Swine are often regarded as having analogous facial skeletons to humans and therefore serve as an ideal animal model for translational investigation. However, there's a dearth of literature describing the pertinent ancillary procedures required for craniomaxillofacial research. With this in mind, our objective was to evaluate all necessary procedures required for peri-operative management and animal safety related to experimental craniomaxillofacial surgical procedures such as orthotopic, maxillofacial transplantation. Methods Miniature swine (n=9) were used to investigate peri-operative airway management, methods for providing nutrition, and long-dwelling intravenous access. Flap perfusion using near-infrared laser angiography and facial nerve assessment with EMG were explored. Results Bivona(R) tracheostomy was deemed appropriate versus Shiley since soft, wire-reinforced tubing reduced the incidence of tracheal necrosis. PEG tube, as opposed to esophagostomy, provided a reliable route for post-operative feeding. Femoral venous access with dorsal tunneling proved to be an ideal option being far from pertinent neck vessels. Laser angiography was beneficial for real-time evaluation of graft perfusion. Facial EMG techniques for tracing capture were found most optimal using percutaneous leads near the oral commissure. Experience shows that ancillary procedures are critical and malpositioning of devices may lead to irreversible sequelae with premature animal death. Conclusion Face-jaw-teeth transplantation in swine is a complicated procedure which demands special attention to airway, feeding, and intravascular access. It is critical that each ancillary procedure be performed by a dedicated team familiar with relevant anatomy and protocol. Emphasis should be placed on secure skin-level fixation for all tube/lines to minimize risk of dislodgement. A reliable veterinarian team is invaluable and critical for long-term success. PMID:25377964

  11. 48 CFR 2937.103-70 - Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts. 2937.103-70 Section 2937.103-70... CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 2937.103-70 Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of... contract requirements and performance standards. (a) General. Following is a checklist to aid analysis...

  12. 48 CFR 2937.103-70 - Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts. 2937.103-70 Section 2937.103-70... CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 2937.103-70 Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of... contract requirements and performance standards. (a) General. Following is a checklist to aid analysis...

  13. 48 CFR 2937.103-70 - Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts. 2937.103-70 Section 2937.103-70... CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 2937.103-70 Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of... contract requirements and performance standards. (a) General. Following is a checklist to aid analysis...

  14. 48 CFR 2937.103-70 - Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts. 2937.103-70 Section 2937.103-70... CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 2937.103-70 Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of... contract requirements and performance standards. (a) General. Following is a checklist to aid analysis...

  15. 48 CFR 2937.103-70 - Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts. 2937.103-70 Section 2937.103-70... CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 2937.103-70 Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of... contract requirements and performance standards. (a) General. Following is a checklist to aid analysis...

  16. Accounting for ecosystem services in life cycle assessment, Part I: a critical review.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yi; Singh, Shweta; Bakshi, Bhavik R

    2010-04-01

    If life cycle oriented methods are to encourage sustainable development, they must account for the role of ecosystem goods and services, since these form the basis of planetary activities and human well-being. This article reviews methods that are relevant to accounting for the role of nature and that could be integrated into life cycle oriented approaches. These include methods developed by ecologists for quantifying ecosystem services, by ecological economists for monetary valuation, and life cycle methods such as conventional life cycle assessment, thermodynamic methods for resource accounting such as exergy and emergy analysis, variations of the ecological footprint approach, and human appropriation of net primary productivity. Each approach has its strengths: economic methods are able to quantify the value of cultural services; LCA considers emissions and assesses their impact; emergy accounts for supporting services in terms of cumulative exergy; and ecological footprint is intuitively appealing and considers biocapacity. However, no method is able to consider all the ecosystem services, often due to the desire to aggregate all resources in terms of a single unit. This review shows that comprehensive accounting for ecosystem services in LCA requires greater integration among existing methods, hierarchical schemes for interpreting results via multiple levels of aggregation, and greater understanding of the role of ecosystems in supporting human activities. These present many research opportunities that must be addressed to meet the challenges of sustainability. PMID:20178382

  17. A guide for the utilization of Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service National Patient Samples

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Logyoung; Kim, Jee-Ae; Kim, Sanghyun

    2014-01-01

    The claims data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) is an important source of information for healthcare service research. The claims data of HIRA is collected when healthcare service providers submit a claim to HIRA to be reimbursed for a service that they provided to patients. To improve the accessibility of healthcare service researchers to claims data of HIRA, HIRA has developed the Patient Samples which are extracted using a stratified randomized sampling method. The Patient Samples of HIRA consist of five tables: a table for general information (Table 20) containing socio-demographic information such as gender, age and medical aid, indicators for inpatient and outpatient services; a table for specific information on healthcare services provided (Table 30); a table for diagnostic information (Table 40); a table for outpatient prescriptions (Table 53) and a table for information on healthcare service providers (Table of providers). Researchers who are interested in using the Patient Sample data for research can apply via HIRA’s website (https://www.hira.or.kr). PMID:25078381

  18. 19. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARDS THE ANCILLARY BUILDINGS. FROM LEFT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARDS THE ANCILLARY BUILDINGS. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT BACKGROUND, RETORT BUILDING, STORAGE, SMELTER BUILDING, GARAGE. THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF THE VANNER ROOM IS IN THE FOREGROUND AND LEFT. A 2000 DODGE GRAND CARAVAN IS IN THE FOREGROUND CENTER. THEIR USE OF THE SHED TO THE REAR OF THE AUTOMOBILE IS UNCERTAIN, ALTHOUGH IT IS CONNECTED TO THE MILL AT THE BASE OF THE WEST SIDE OF THE AMALGAMATING PANS ROOM. - Standard Gold Mill, East of Bodie Creek, Northeast of Bodie, Bodie, Mono County, CA

  19. 21 CFR 830.340 - Voluntary submission of ancillary device identification information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Identification Database § 830.340 Voluntary submission of ancillary device identification information. (a) You may not submit any information to the Global Unique Device Identification Database (GUDID) other...

  20. 47 CFR 76.944 - Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the basic service tier and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Commission review of franchising authority decisions on rates for the basic service tier and associated equipment. 76.944 Section 76.944 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation...

  1. 42 CFR 414.40 - Coding and ancillary policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... surgery policy (for example, post- and pre-operative periods and services, and intra-operative services... interpretation)). (3) Payment modifiers (for example, assistant-at-surgery, multiple surgery, bilateral surgery, split surgical global services, team surgery, and unusual services)....

  2. 42 CFR 414.40 - Coding and ancillary policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... surgery policy (for example, post- and pre-operative periods and services, and intra-operative services... interpretation)). (3) Payment modifiers (for example, assistant-at-surgery, multiple surgery, bilateral surgery, split surgical global services, team surgery, and unusual services)....

  3. A review of health interpreter services in a rural community: a total quality management approach.

    PubMed

    Giacomelli, J

    1997-08-01

    The current focus in health care is on total quality management (TQM), a process that involves ongoing quality improvement and benefits both internal and external customers. In order to comply with the values of TQM, the Griffith Murrumbidgee Health Service set up a team to review the use of interpreters in a healthcare setting. Staff from a number of wards/units filled out a survey sheet regarding interpreter services for each patient/client presenting for service during a 1-month period. The results showed that (i) there was a marked tendency by staff to use non-accredited interpreters; and (ii) staff who used non-accredited interpreters tended to inappropriately assess patient/client interpreting needs and to be unfamiliar with the Health Care Interpreter Policy. The TQM team subsequently devised several strategies for change. PMID:9437944

  4. A Review on influencing criteria for selecting supplier of information technology services in the hospital.

    PubMed

    Ajami, Sima; Rajabzadeh, Ahmad; Ketabi, Saeedeh

    2014-01-01

    Organizations try to outsource their activities as much as possible in order to prevent the problems and use organizational capabilities in Information Technology (IT) field. The purpose of this paper was first, to express the effective criteria for selecting suppliers of IT services, second, to explain the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing IT in hospitals. This study was narrative review, which search was conducted with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, and databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, and SID (Scientific Information Database). In our searches, we employed the following keywords and their combinations: Outsourcing, information technology, hospital, decision making, and criteria. The preliminary search resulted in 120 articles, which were published between 2000 and 2013 during July 2013. After a careful analysis of the content of each paper, a total of 46 papers were selected based on their relevancy. The criteria and sub-criteria influencing outsourcing decisions in Iranian hospitals were identified in six major categories including administrative issues, issues related to the service/product, technology factors, environmental factors, risks, and economic factors associated with 15 sub-criteria containing business integration, dependence on suppliers, human resources, focus on core competencies, facilities and physical capital, innovation, quality, speed of service delivery, flexibility, market capabilities, geographical location, security, management control, cost, and financial capability. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing and effective criteria in IT services supplier selection causes the managers be able to take the most appropriate decision to select supplier of IT services. This is a general review on influencing criteria for electing of supplier of information technology services in hospitals. PMID:25540781

  5. A Review on influencing criteria for selecting supplier of information technology services in the hospital

    PubMed Central

    Ajami, Sima; Rajabzadeh, Ahmad; Ketabi, Saeedeh

    2014-01-01

    Organizations try to outsource their activities as much as possible in order to prevent the problems and use organizational capabilities in Information Technology (IT) field. The purpose of this paper was first, to express the effective criteria for selecting suppliers of IT services, second, to explain the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing IT in hospitals. This study was narrative review, which search was conducted with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, and databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, and SID (Scientific Information Database). In our searches, we employed the following keywords and their combinations: Outsourcing, information technology, hospital, decision making, and criteria. The preliminary search resulted in 120 articles, which were published between 2000 and 2013 during July 2013. After a careful analysis of the content of each paper, a total of 46 papers were selected based on their relevancy. The criteria and sub-criteria influencing outsourcing decisions in Iranian hospitals were identified in six major categories including administrative issues, issues related to the service/product, technology factors, environmental factors, risks, and economic factors associated with 15 sub-criteria containing business integration, dependence on suppliers, human resources, focus on core competencies, facilities and physical capital, innovation, quality, speed of service delivery, flexibility, market capabilities, geographical location, security, management control, cost, and financial capability. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing and effective criteria in IT services supplier selection causes the managers be able to take the most appropriate decision to select supplier of IT services. This is a general review on influencing criteria for electing of supplier of information technology services in hospitals. PMID:25540781

  6. Domestic Water Service Delivery Indicators and Frameworks for Monitoring, Evaluation, Policy and Planning: A Review

    PubMed Central

    Kayser, Georgia L.; Moriarty, Patrick; Fonseca, Catarina; Bartram, Jamie

    2013-01-01

    Monitoring of water services informs policy and planning for national governments and the international community. Currently, the international monitoring system measures the type of drinking water source that households use. There have been calls for improved monitoring systems over several decades, some advocating use of multiple indicators. We review the literature on water service indicators and frameworks with a view to informing debate on their relevance to national and international monitoring. We describe the evidence concerning the relevance of each identified indicator to public health, economic development and human rights. We analyze the benefits and challenges of using these indicators separately and combined in an index as tools for planning, monitoring, and evaluating water services. We find substantial evidence on the importance of each commonly recommended indicator—service type, safety, quantity, accessibility, reliability or continuity of service, equity, and affordability. Several frameworks have been proposed that give structure to the relationships among individual indicators and some combine multiple indicator scores into a single index but few have been rigorously tested. More research is needed to understand if employing a composite metric of indicators is advantageous and how each indicator might be scored and scaled. PMID:24157507

  7. 42 CFR 417.101 - Health benefits plan: Basic health services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...referral services to appropriate ancillary services) for the abuse of or addiction to alcohol and drugs: (i) Diagnosis and medical treatment for the abuse of or addiction to alcohol and drugs must include detoxification for alcoholism or...

  8. Engine Tune-Up Service. Unit 5: Fuel and Carburetion Systems. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodson, Ludy

    This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 5, Fuel and Carburetion Systems, available separately as CE 031 217. Focus of the exercises and pretests is inspecting and servicing the fuel and carburetion systems. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the…

  9. Reducing Health Inequalities in Scotland: The Involvement of People with Learning Disabilities as National Health Service Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Martin; Martin, Mike

    2010-01-01

    Reducing health inequalities is a key priority for the Scottish Government. Health authorities are expected to meet quality targets. The involvement of people with learning disabilities in health service review teams has been one of the initiatives used in by National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland to empower patients and improve…

  10. Ethnic Factors in Mental Health Service Utilisation among People with Intellectual Disability in High-Income Countries: Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dura-Vila, G.; Hodes, M.

    2012-01-01

    Background: An emerging literature suggests that ethnic and cultural factors influence service utilisation among people with intellectual disability (ID), but this has not previously been reviewed. Aims: To investigate possible ethnic variation in uptake of mental health services in children, adolescents and adults with ID in high-income…

  11. 42 CFR 422.626 - Fast-track appeals of service terminations to independent review entities (IREs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fast-track appeals of service terminations to... Grievances, Organization Determinations and Appeals § 422.626 Fast-track appeals of service terminations to independent review entities (IREs). (a) Enrollee's right to a fast-track appeal of an MA...

  12. 77 FR 59925 - Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Application/Permit for Use of Space in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... Grounds. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 38064, on June 26, 2012. No comments were... ADMINISTRATION Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Application/ Permit for Use of Space in Public Buildings and Grounds, GSA Form 3453 AGENCY: Public Buildings Service, GSA. ACTION: Notice...

  13. Child Disaster Mental Health Services: a Review of the System of Care, Assessment Approaches, and Evidence Base for Intervention.

    PubMed

    Pfefferbaum, Betty; North, Carol S

    2016-01-01

    Several decades of research have informed our knowledge of children's reactions to disasters and the factors that influence their reactions. This article describes the system of care for child disaster mental health services using population risk to determine needed services and a stepped care approach built on assessment and monitoring to advance children to appropriate services. To assess the evidence base for disaster interventions, recent reviews of numerous child disaster mental health interventions are summarized. PMID:26719308

  14. A systematic review of integrated working between care homes and health care services

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background In the UK there are almost three times as many beds in care homes as in National Health Service (NHS) hospitals. Care homes rely on primary health care for access to medical care and specialist services. Repeated policy documents and government reviews register concern about how health care works with independent providers, and the need to increase the equity, continuity and quality of medical care for care homes. Despite multiple initiatives, it is not known if some approaches to service delivery are more effective in promoting integrated working between the NHS and care homes. This study aims to evaluate the different integrated approaches to health care services supporting older people in care homes, and identify barriers and facilitators to integrated working. Methods A systematic review was conducted using Medline (PubMed), CINAHL, BNI, EMBASE, PsycInfo, DH Data, Kings Fund, Web of Science (WoS incl. SCI, SSCI, HCI) and the Cochrane Library incl. DARE. Studies were included if they evaluated the effectiveness of integrated working between primary health care professionals and care homes, or identified barriers and facilitators to integrated working. Studies were quality assessed; data was extracted on health, service use, cost and process related outcomes. A modified narrative synthesis approach was used to compare and contrast integration using the principles of framework analysis. Results Seventeen studies were included; 10 quantitative studies, two process evaluations, one mixed methods study and four qualitative. The majority were carried out in nursing homes. They were characterised by heterogeneity of topic, interventions, methodology and outcomes. Most quantitative studies reported limited effects of the intervention; there was insufficient information to evaluate cost. Facilitators to integrated working included care home managers' support and protected time for staff training. Studies with the potential for integrated working were longer in duration. Conclusions Despite evidence about what inhibits and facilitates integrated working there was limited evidence about what the outcomes of different approaches to integrated care between health service and care homes might be. The majority of studies only achieved integrated working at the patient level of care and the focus on health service defined problems and outcome measures did not incorporate the priorities of residents or acknowledge the skills of care home staff. There is a need for more research to understand how integrated working is achieved and to test the effect of different approaches on cost, staff satisfaction and resident outcomes. PMID:22115126

  15. Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis of the Effectiveness of Contraceptive Service Interventions for Young People, Delivered in Health Care Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blank, Lindsay; Baxter, Susan K.; Payne, Nick; Guillaume, Louise R.; Squires, Hazel

    2012-01-01

    A systematic review and narrative synthesis to determine the effectiveness of contraception service interventions for young people delivered in health care premises was undertaken. We searched 12 key health and medical databases, reference lists of included papers and systematic reviews and cited reference searches on included articles. All…

  16. Financial incentives for return of service in underserved areas: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Bärnighausen, Till; Bloom, David E

    2009-01-01

    Background In many geographic regions, both in developing and in developed countries, the number of health workers is insufficient to achieve population health goals. Financial incentives for return of service are intended to alleviate health worker shortages: A (future) health worker enters into a contract to work for a number of years in an underserved area in exchange for a financial pay-off. Methods We carried out systematic literature searches of PubMed, the Excerpta Medica database, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the National Health Services Economic Evaluation Database for studies evaluating outcomes of financial-incentive programs published up to February 2009. To identify articles for review, we combined three search themes (health workers or students, underserved areas, and financial incentives). In the initial search, we identified 10,495 unique articles, 10,302 of which were excluded based on their titles or abstracts. We conducted full-text reviews of the remaining 193 articles and of 26 additional articles identified in reference lists or by colleagues. Forty-three articles were included in the final review. We extracted from these articles information on the financial-incentive programs (name, location, period of operation, objectives, target groups, definition of underserved area, financial incentives and obligation) and information on the individual studies (authors, publication dates, types of study outcomes, study design, sample criteria and sample size, data sources, outcome measures and study findings, conclusions, and methodological limitations). We reviewed program results (descriptions of recruitment, retention, and participant satisfaction), program effects (effectiveness in influencing health workers to provide care, to remain, and to be satisfied with work and personal life in underserved areas), and program impacts (effectiveness in influencing health systems and health outcomes). Results Of the 43 reviewed studies 34 investigated financial-incentive programs in the US. The remaining studies evaluated programs in Japan (five studies), Canada (two), New Zealand (one) and South Africa (one). The programs started between 1930 and 1998. We identified five different types of programs (service-requiring scholarships, educational loans with service requirements, service-option educational loans, loan repayment programs, and direct financial incentives). Financial incentives to serve for one year in an underserved area ranged from year-2000 United States dollars 1,358 to 28,470. All reviewed studies were observational. The random-effects estimate of the pooled proportion of all eligible program participants who had either fulfilled their obligation or were fulfilling it at the time of the study was 71% (95% confidence interval 60–80%). Seven studies compared retention in the same (underserved) area between program participants and non-participants. Six studies found that participants were less likely than non-participants to remain in the same area (five studies reported the difference to be statistically significant, while one study did not report a significance level); one study did not find a significant difference in retention in the same area. Thirteen studies compared provision of care or retention in any underserved area between participants and non-participants. Eleven studies found that participants were more likely to (continue to) practice in any underserved area (nine studies reported the difference to be statistically significant, while two studies did not provide the results of a significance test); two studies found that program participants were significantly less likely than non-participants to remain in any underserved area. Seven studies investigated the satisfaction of participants with their work and personal lives in underserved areas. Conclusion Financial-incentive programs for return of service are one of the few health policy interventions intended to improve the distribution of human resources for health on which substantial evidence

  17. Home-Based Mental Health Services for Older Adults: A Review of Ten Model Programs

    PubMed Central

    Bruce, Martha L.

    2015-01-01

    Objective The objective is to provide information on successful programs providing home-based services to mentally ill elderly in order to assist other communities wishing to establish such programs. Participants The ten programs described in this article were selected by peer review from applications for an award given by the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry and were participants in an invitational conference. Results Eight of the programs were components of a community agency while two were components of a medical school department of psychiatry. Six of the programs focused primarily on individuals with anxiety and depression and employed a range of individual psychotherapies. The other four accepted patients with any psychiatric diagnosis including dementia and included medication management as part of their services. The numbers served by the ten programs ranged from about 50 to 300 new cases per year, and the staffing ranged from 2 to 13 often with a combination of full and part time. The annual budget for the ten programs ranged from $30,000 to $1,250,000. Budget sources usually included some combination of public funds, philanthropy, and fee-for-service income. Conclusions Despite the logistic and fiscal challenges of providing home-based services to mentally ill older adults there are many long-standing successful programs that can serve as models for communities wishing to establish similar programs. A great opportunity exists for a unified outcome research endeavor as well as expansion into many more communities. PMID:23567412

  18. Fine needle biopsy with cytology in paediatrics: the importance of a multidisciplinary approach and the role of ancillary techniques.

    PubMed

    Barroca, H; Bom-Sucesso, M

    2014-02-01

    Fine needle biopsy (FNB) with cytology has long been regarded as an excellent technique as the first choice for diagnosing adult tumours. Being an inexpensive minimally invasive technique with high accuracy and diagnostic immediacy through rapid on-site evaluation, it is also ideal for implementation in the paediatric setting, particularly in developing countries. Furthermore, it allows complementary and advanced procedures such as flow cytometry, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), among others, which enhances the diagnostic capacity of this technique and gives it a key role in risk stratification and therapeutic decision-making for several tumours. The advantages of FNB are optimized in the setting of a multidisciplinary team where cytologist, clinician and radiologist play leading roles. Paediatric tumours are rare and most ancillary techniques are cost-effective but complex to be implemented in small centres with limited experience in paediatric pathology. Therefore reference centres are essential, in order to establish teams with extensive experience and expertise. Hence, any child with a suspected malignancy should be directly referred to a paediatric oncology unit. Focusing on a practical approach to the assessment of paediatric lymphadenopathies and non-central nervous system solid tumours we review the effectiveness of FNB as applied concurrently with ancillary techniques in a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic decisions of paediatric tumours and tumour-like lesions. PMID:24138725

  19. Measuring Quality in Emergency Medical Services: A Review of Clinical Performance Indicators

    PubMed Central

    El Sayed, Mazen J.

    2012-01-01

    Measuring quality in Emergency Medical Services (EMSs) systems is challenging. This paper reviews the current approaches to measuring quality in health care and EMS with a focus on currently used clinical performance indicators in EMS systems (US and international systems). The different types of performance indicators, the advantages and limitations of each type, and the evidence-based prehospital clinical bundles are discussed. This paper aims at introducing emergency physicians and health care providers to quality initiatives in EMS and serves as a reference for tools that EMS medical directors can use to launch new or modify existing quality control programs in their systems. PMID:22046554

  20. Undocumented Migrants in Canada: A scope literature review on health, access to services, and working conditions

    PubMed Central

    Carrasco, Christine; Gastaldo, Denise

    2011-01-01

    It is estimated that there are 30 to 40 million undocumented workers worldwide. Although undocumented migration has become an issue of high international relevance, it has been strikingly understudied in Canada, especially with respect to its impact on health. The purpose of this study is to explore the concept of undocumentedness in Canada through a scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature written in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish between 2002 and 2008. The specific aims are to: i) summarize and disseminate current academic and community-based findings on the health, service access and working conditions of undocumented migrants in Canada; ii) examine the sources and use of evidence; iii) identify significant gaps in existing knowledge; iv) set recommendations for policy and research, including considerations on transnationalism, ethics, interdisciplinary approaches, gender differences, resilience, and impact on the children of non-status parents. PMID:19657739

  1. Estimating Net Primary Productivity Using Satellite and Ancillary Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choudhury, Bhaskar J.

    2002-01-01

    The net primary productivity (C) or the annual rate of carbon accumulation per unit ground area by terrestrial plant communities is the difference of gross photosynthesis (A(sub g)) and respiration (R) per unit ground area. Available field observations show that R is a large and variable fraction of A(sub g), although it is generally recognized that there are considerable difficulties in determining these fluxes, and thus pose challenge in assessing the accuracy. Further uncertainties arise in extrapolating field measurements (which are acquired over a hectare or so area) to regional scale. Here, an approach is presented for determining these fluxes using satellite and ancillary data to be representative of regional scale and allow assessment of interannual variation. A, has been expressed as the product of radiation use efficiency for gross photosynthesis by an unstressed canopy and intercepted photosynthetically active radiation, which is then adjusted for stresses due to soil water shortage and temperature away from optimum. R has been calculated as the sum of growth and maintenance components (respectively, R(sub g) and R(sub m)).The R(sub m) has been determined from nitrogen content of plant tissue per unit ground area, while R(sub g) has been obtained as a fraction of the difference of A(sub g) and R(sub m). Results for five consecutive years (1986-1990) are presented for the Amazon-Tocontins, Mississippi, and Ob River basins.

  2. Utilization of Ancillary Data Sets for SMAP Algorithm Development and Product Generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    ONeill, P.; Podest, E.; Njoku, E.

    2011-01-01

    Algorithms being developed for the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission require a variety of both static and ancillary data. The selection of the most appropriate source for each ancillary data parameter is driven by a number of considerations, including accuracy, latency, availability, and consistency across all SMAP products and with SMOS (Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity). It is anticipated that initial selection of all ancillary datasets, which are needed for ongoing algorithm development activities on the SMAP algorithm testbed at JPL, will be completed within the year. These datasets will be updated as new or improved sources become available, and all selections and changes will be documented for the benefit of the user community. Wise choices in ancillary data will help to enable SMAP to provide new global measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state at the targeted accuracy necessary to tackle hydrologically-relevant societal issues.

  3. TECHNOLOGY NEEDS AND STATUS ON CLOSURE OF DOE RADIOACTIVE WASTE TANK ANCILLARY SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect

    Burns, H; Sharon Marra, S; Christine Langton, C

    2009-01-21

    This paper summarizes the current state of art of sampling, characterizing, retrieving, transferring and treating the incidental waste and stabilizing the void space in tank ancillary systems and the needs involved with closure of these systems. The overall effort for closing tank and ancillary systems is very large and is in the initial stages of being addressed in a systematic manner. It was recognized in doing this effort, that gaps in both technology and material application for characterization and removal of residual waste and closure of ancillary systems would be identified. Great efficiencies are to be gained by defining the technology need areas early in the closure process and providing recommendations for technical programs to improve the closure strategies. Therefore, this paper will not only summarize the state of closure of ancillary systems but also provide recommendations to address the technology gaps identified in this assessment.

  4. Generating non-classical states from spin coherent states via interaction with ancillary spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dooley, Shane; Joo, Jaewoo; Proctor, Timothy; Spiller, Timothy P.

    2015-02-01

    The generation of non-classical states of large quantum systems has attracted much interest from a foundational perspective, but also because of the significant potential of such states in emerging quantum technologies. In this paper we consider the possibility of generating non-classical states of a system of spins by interaction with an ancillary system, starting from an easily prepared initial state. We extend previous results for an ancillary system comprising a single spin to bigger ancillary systems and the interaction strength is enhanced by a factor of the number of ancillary spins. Depending on initial conditions, we find - by a combination of approximation and numerics - that the system of spins can evolve to spin cat states, spin squeezed states or to multiple cat states. We also discuss some candidate systems for implementation of the Hamiltonian necessary to generate these non-classical states.

  5. 21 CFR 830.340 - Voluntary submission of ancillary device identification information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...DEVICE IDENTIFICATION Global Unique Device Identification Database § 830.340 Voluntary submission of ancillary device identification...submit any information to the Global Unique Device Identification Database (GUDID) other than that specified by § 830.310,...

  6. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary...PROCEDURE Grants by Random Selection Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures...9049 Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the...

  7. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary...PROCEDURE Grants by Random Selection Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures...9049 Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the...

  8. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary...PROCEDURE Grants by Random Selection Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures...9049 Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the...

  9. 47 CFR 1.9049 - Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary terrestrial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...false Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the ancillary... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures...9049 Special provisions relating to spectrum leasing arrangements involving the...

  10. Workshop on environmental assessment. [Regulation of applications of nuclear energy and related ancillary systems

    SciTech Connect

    Watson, E.C.

    1982-07-01

    Objectives of the workshop were: to review and evaluate the state-of-the-art of environmental impact assessments as applied to the regulation of applications of nuclear energy and related ancillary systems; to identify areas where existing technology allows establishing acceptable methods or standard practices that will meet the requirements of the NRC regulations, standards and guides for both normal operations and off-standard conditions including accident considerations; to illuminate topics where existing models or analytical methods are deficient because of unverified assumptions, a paucity of empirical data, conflicting results reported in the literature or a need for observation of operation systems; to compile, analyze and synthesize a prioritized set of research needs to advance the state-of-the-art to the level which will meet all of the requirements of the Commission's regulations, standards and guides; and to develop bases for maintaining the core of regulatory guidance at the optimum level balancing technical capabilities with practical considerations of cost and value to the regulatory process. The discussion held in small group sessions on aquatic, atmospheric, and terrestrial pathways are presented. The following research needs were identified as common to all three groups: validation of models; characterization of source terms; development of screening techniques; basis for de minimis levels of contamination; and updating of objectives for environmental monitoring programs.

  11. Use of contingent valuation to place a monetary value on pharmacy services: an overview and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Blumenschein, K; Johannesson, M

    1999-08-01

    An important goal for the pharmacy profession is to quantify the economic value of pharmacy services. The contingent valuation (CV), or willingness-to-pay method, offers one approach to valuing the benefits of pharmacy services. The potential advantage CV offers is that it reflects, in a single monetary amount, the entire range of attributes (both benefits and "nonbenefits") offered by the good or service being valued. This paper provides a brief overview of the CV method and reviews 10 published studies that used a willingness-to-pay question to place a monetary value on pharmacy services. Suggestions for other researchers wishing to use this method are provided. PMID:10485511

  12. Manned maneuvering unit mission definition study. Volume 3: MMU ancillary support equipment and attachment concepts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    An analysis of Manned Maneuvering Units (MMU) ancillary support equipment and attachment concepts is presented. The major objectives of the study are defined as: (1) identifying MMU applications which would supplement space shuttle safety and effectiveness, (2) to define general MMU performance and control requirements to satisfy candidate shuttle applications, (3) to develop concepts for attaching MMUs to various worksites and equipment, and (4) to identify requirements and develop concepts for MMU ancillary equipment.

  13. Preliminary Results of Ancillary Safety Analyses Supporting TREAT LEU Conversion Activities

    SciTech Connect

    Brunett, A. J.; Fei, T.; Strons, P. S.; Papadias, D. D.; Hoffman, E. A.; Kontogeorgakos, D. C.; Connaway, H. M.; Wright, A. E.

    2015-10-01

    The Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT), located at Idaho National Laboratory (INL), is a test facility designed to evaluate the performance of reactor fuels and materials under transient accident conditions. The facility, an air-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor designed to utilize fuel containing high-enriched uranium (HEU), has been in non-operational standby status since 1994. Currently, in support of the missions of the Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Material Management and Minimization (M3) Reactor Conversion Program, a new core design is being developed for TREAT that will utilize low-enriched uranium (LEU). The primary objective of this conversion effort is to design an LEU core that is capable of meeting the performance characteristics of the existing HEU core. Minimal, if any, changes are anticipated for the supporting systems (e.g. reactor trip system, filtration/cooling system, etc.); therefore, the LEU core must also be able to function with the existing supporting systems, and must also satisfy acceptable safety limits. In support of the LEU conversion effort, a range of ancillary safety analyses are required to evaluate the LEU core operation relative to that of the existing facility. These analyses cover neutronics, shielding, and thermal hydraulic topics that have been identified as having the potential to have reduced safety margins due to conversion to LEU fuel, or are required to support the required safety analyses documentation. The majority of these ancillary tasks have been identified in [1] and [2]. The purpose of this report is to document the ancillary safety analyses that have been performed at Argonne National Laboratory during the early stages of the LEU design effort, and to describe ongoing and anticipated analyses. For all analyses presented in this report, methodologies are utilized that are consistent with, or improved from, those used in analyses for the HEU Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) [3]. Depending on the availability of historical data derived from HEU TREAT operation, results calculated for the LEU core are compared to measurements obtained from HEU TREAT operation. While all analyses in this report are largely considered complete and have been reviewed for technical content, it is important to note that all topics will be revisited once the LEU design approaches its final stages of maturity. For most safety significant issues, it is expected that the analyses presented here will be bounding, but additional calculations will be performed as necessary to support safety analyses and safety documentation. It should also be noted that these analyses were completed as the LEU design evolved, and therefore utilized different LEU reference designs. Preliminary shielding, neutronic, and thermal hydraulic analyses have been completed and have generally demonstrated that the various LEU core designs will satisfy existing safety limits and standards also satisfied by the existing HEU core. These analyses include the assessment of the dose rate in the hodoscope room, near a loaded fuel transfer cask, above the fuel storage area, and near the HEPA filters. The potential change in the concentration of tramp uranium and change in neutron flux reaching instrumentation has also been assessed. Safety-significant thermal hydraulic items addressed in this report include thermally-induced mechanical distortion of the grid plate, and heating in the radial reflector.

  14. Hybrid MCDA Methods to Integrate Multiple Ecosystem Services in Forest Management Planning: A Critical Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uhde, Britta; Andreas Hahn, W.; Griess, Verena C.; Knoke, Thomas

    2015-08-01

    Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a decision aid frequently used in the field of forest management planning. It includes the evaluation of multiple criteria such as the production of timber and non-timber forest products and tangible as well as intangible values of ecosystem services (ES). Hence, it is beneficial compared to those methods that take a purely financial perspective. Accordingly, MCDA methods are increasingly popular in the wide field of sustainability assessment. Hybrid approaches allow aggregating MCDA and, potentially, other decision-making techniques to make use of their individual benefits and leading to a more holistic view of the actual consequences that come with certain decisions. This review is providing a comprehensive overview of hybrid approaches that are used in forest management planning. Today, the scientific world is facing increasing challenges regarding the evaluation of ES and the trade-offs between them, for example between provisioning and regulating services. As the preferences of multiple stakeholders are essential to improve the decision process in multi-purpose forestry, participatory and hybrid approaches turn out to be of particular importance. Accordingly, hybrid methods show great potential for becoming most relevant in future decision making. Based on the review presented here, the development of models for the use in planning processes should focus on participatory modeling and the consideration of uncertainty regarding available information.

  15. Hybrid MCDA Methods to Integrate Multiple Ecosystem Services in Forest Management Planning: A Critical Review.

    PubMed

    Uhde, Britta; Hahn, W Andreas; Griess, Verena C; Knoke, Thomas

    2015-08-01

    Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a decision aid frequently used in the field of forest management planning. It includes the evaluation of multiple criteria such as the production of timber and non-timber forest products and tangible as well as intangible values of ecosystem services (ES). Hence, it is beneficial compared to those methods that take a purely financial perspective. Accordingly, MCDA methods are increasingly popular in the wide field of sustainability assessment. Hybrid approaches allow aggregating MCDA and, potentially, other decision-making techniques to make use of their individual benefits and leading to a more holistic view of the actual consequences that come with certain decisions. This review is providing a comprehensive overview of hybrid approaches that are used in forest management planning. Today, the scientific world is facing increasing challenges regarding the evaluation of ES and the trade-offs between them, for example between provisioning and regulating services. As the preferences of multiple stakeholders are essential to improve the decision process in multi-purpose forestry, participatory and hybrid approaches turn out to be of particular importance. Accordingly, hybrid methods show great potential for becoming most relevant in future decision making. Based on the review presented here, the development of models for the use in planning processes should focus on participatory modeling and the consideration of uncertainty regarding available information. PMID:25896820

  16. 42 CFR 414.40 - Coding and ancillary policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Global surgery policy (for example, post- and pre-operative periods and services, and intra-operative... (the interpretation)). (3) Payment modifiers (for example, assistant-at-surgery, multiple surgery, bilateral surgery, split surgical global services, team surgery, and unusual services)....

  17. 42 CFR 414.40 - Coding and ancillary policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Global surgery policy (for example, post- and pre-operative periods and services, and intra-operative... (the interpretation)). (3) Payment modifiers (for example, assistant-at-surgery, multiple surgery, bilateral surgery, split surgical global services, team surgery, and unusual services)....

  18. 42 CFR 414.40 - Coding and ancillary policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Global surgery policy (for example, post- and pre-operative periods and services, and intra-operative... (the interpretation)). (3) Payment modifiers (for example, assistant-at-surgery, multiple surgery, bilateral surgery, split surgical global services, team surgery, and unusual services)....

  19. Traditional and innovative promotional strategies of tobacco cessation services: a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Momin, Behnoosh; Neri, Antonio; McCausland, Kristen; Duke, Jennifer; Hansen, Heather; Kahende, Jennifer; Zhang, Lei; Stewart, Sherri L

    2014-08-01

    An estimated 43.5 million American adults currently smoke cigarettes. Well-designed tobacco education campaigns with adequate reach increase cessation and reduce tobacco use. Smokers report great interest in quitting but few use effective treatments including quitlines (QLs). This review examined traditional (TV, radio, print ads) versus innovative tobacco cessation (internet, social media) promotions for QL services. Between November 2011 and January 2012, searches were conducted on EBSCO, PubMed, Wilson, OCLC, CQ Press, Google Scholar, Gale, LexisNexis, and JSTOR. Existing literature shows that the amount of radio and print advertising, and promotion of free cessation medications increases QL call volume. Television advertising volume seems to be the best predictor of QL service awareness. Much of the literature on Internet advertising compares the characteristics of participants recruited for studies through various channels. The majority of the papers indicated that Internet-recruited participants were younger; this was the only demographic characteristic with high agreement across studies. Traditional media was only studied within mass media campaigns with TV ads having a consistent impact on increasing calls to QLs, therefore, it is hard to distinguish the impact of traditional media as an independent QL promotion intervention. With innovative media, while many QL services have a presence on social media sites, there is no literature on evaluating the effectiveness of these channels for quitline promotion. PMID:24515948

  20. 47 CFR 20.9 - Commercial mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... service. (A) The petition must show that: (1) The mobile service in question meets the definition of... definition of commercial mobile radio service, or offered as an auxiliary or ancillary service), pursuant to... sell or lease space segment capacity, to the extent that it does not provide commercial mobile...

  1. 47 CFR 20.9 - Commercial mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... service. (A) The petition must show that: (1) The mobile service in question meets the definition of... definition of commercial mobile radio service, or offered as an auxiliary or ancillary service), pursuant to... sell or lease space segment capacity, to the extent that it does not provide commercial mobile...

  2. 47 CFR 20.9 - Commercial mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... service. (A) The petition must show that: (1) The mobile service in question meets the definition of... definition of commercial mobile radio service, or offered as an auxiliary or ancillary service), pursuant to... sell or lease space segment capacity, to the extent that it does not provide commercial mobile...

  3. 47 CFR 20.9 - Commercial mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... service. (A) The petition must show that: (1) The mobile service in question meets the definition of... definition of commercial mobile radio service, or offered as an auxiliary or ancillary service), pursuant to... sell or lease space segment capacity, to the extent that it does not provide commercial mobile...

  4. 77 FR 66663 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Financial Management Service Senior Executive...AGENCY: Treasury Department, Financial Management Service (FMS). ACTION...Public Debt (BPD), the Financial Management Service (FMS), the...

  5. COMPREHENSIVE ADOLESCENT HEALTH PROGRAMS THAT INCLUDE SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

    PubMed Central

    Kågesten, Anna; Parekh, Jenita; Tunçalp, Özge; Turke, Shani; Blum, Robert Wm

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To describe the characteristics and evidence of comprehensive adolescent health (CAH) programs encompassing sexual and reproductive and other health services, educational and social support. Methods Systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature on CAH programs (1998-2013). Only programs with experimental, quasi-experimental or pre-post evaluations were included. Two independent reviewers screened 36,119 records and extracted articles using predefined criteria. Data was synthesised into descriptive characteristics; quality was assessed by evidence level (rigorous, strong, modest). Results Data was extracted on 46 programs (181 studies) of which 19 programs were defined as comprehensive; 9 were excluded due to insufficient evaluations. Ten CAH programs met all inclusion criteria. Most were US based; others were implemented in Egypt, Ethiopia and Mexico. Few programs (N=3) displayed rigorous evidence, 5 had strong and 2 had modest evidence. All programs with rigorous/strong evidence directly or indirectly influenced adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Common elements of these programs included: long-term commitment to adolescents, interpersonal connections, community mobilization, and skill-building elements. Conclusion The long term impact of many CAH programs cannot be proven due to insufficient evaluations. Evaluation approaches that take into account the complex operating conditions of many programs are needed to better understand mechanisms behind program effects. PMID:25320876

  6. Effective in-service training design and delivery: evidence from an integrative literature review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background In-service training represents a significant financial investment for supporting continued competence of the health care workforce. An integrative review of the education and training literature was conducted to identify effective training approaches for health worker continuing professional education (CPE) and what evidence exists of outcomes derived from CPE. Methods A literature review was conducted from multiple databases including PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) between May and June 2011. The initial review of titles and abstracts produced 244 results. Articles selected for analysis after two quality reviews consisted of systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and programme evaluations published in peer-reviewed journals from 2000 to 2011 in the English language. The articles analysed included 37 systematic reviews and 32 RCTs. The research questions focused on the evidence supporting educational techniques, frequency, setting and media used to deliver instruction for continuing health professional education. Results The evidence suggests the use of multiple techniques that allow for interaction and enable learners to process and apply information. Case-based learning, clinical simulations, practice and feedback are identified as effective educational techniques. Didactic techniques that involve passive instruction, such as reading or lecture, have been found to have little or no impact on learning outcomes. Repetitive interventions, rather than single interventions, were shown to be superior for learning outcomes. Settings similar to the workplace improved skill acquisition and performance. Computer-based learning can be equally or more effective than live instruction and more cost efficient if effective techniques are used. Effective techniques can lead to improvements in knowledge and skill outcomes and clinical practice behaviours, but there is less evidence directly linking CPE to improved clinical outcomes. Very limited quality data are available from low- to middle-income countries. Conclusions Educational techniques are critical to learning outcomes. Targeted, repetitive interventions can result in better learning outcomes. Setting should be selected to support relevant and realistic practice and increase efficiency. Media should be selected based on the potential to support effective educational techniques and efficiency of instruction. CPE can lead to improved learning outcomes if effective techniques are used. Limited data indicate that there may also be an effect on improving clinical practice behaviours. The research agenda calls for well-constructed evaluations of culturally appropriate combinations of technique, setting, frequency and media, developed for and tested among all levels of health workers in low- and middle-income countries. PMID:24083659

  7. Patients’ online access to their electronic health records and linked online services: a systematic interpretative review

    PubMed Central

    de Lusignan, Simon; Mold, Freda; Sheikh, Aziz; Majeed, Azeem; Wyatt, Jeremy C; Quinn, Tom; Cavill, Mary; Gronlund, Toto Anne; Franco, Christina; Chauhan, Umesh; Blakey, Hannah; Kataria, Neha; Barker, Fiona; Ellis, Beverley; Koczan, Phil; Arvanitis, Theodoros N; McCarthy, Mary; Jones, Simon; Rafi, Imran

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the effect of providing patients online access to their electronic health record (EHR) and linked transactional services on the provision, quality and safety of healthcare. The objectives are also to identify and understand: barriers and facilitators for providing online access to their records and services for primary care workers; and their association with organisational/IT system issues. Setting Primary care. Participants A total of 143 studies were included. 17 were experimental in design and subject to risk of bias assessment, which is reported in a separate paper. Detailed inclusion and exclusion criteria have also been published elsewhere in the protocol. Primary and secondary outcome measures Our primary outcome measure was change in quality or safety as a result of implementation or utilisation of online records/transactional services. Results No studies reported changes in health outcomes; though eight detected medication errors and seven reported improved uptake of preventative care. Professional concerns over privacy were reported in 14 studies. 18 studies reported concern over potential increased workload; with some showing an increase workload in email or online messaging; telephone contact remaining unchanged, and face-to face contact staying the same or falling. Owing to heterogeneity in reporting overall workload change was hard to predict. 10 studies reported how online access offered convenience, primarily for more advantaged patients, who were largely highly satisfied with the process when clinician responses were prompt. Conclusions Patient online access and services offer increased convenience and satisfaction. However, professionals were concerned about impact on workload and risk to privacy. Studies correcting medication errors may improve patient safety. There may need to be a redesign of the business process to engage health professionals in online access and of the EHR to make it friendlier and provide equity of access to a wider group of patients. A1. Systematic review registration number PROSPERO CRD42012003091. PMID:25200561

  8. 76 FR 41726 - Reporting Ancillary Airline Passenger Revenues

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... consumer behavior regarding the number of bags they check, skewing mishandled baggage rates. Finally, the... per unit domestic scheduled- service passengers. Passenger behavior was altered regarding the unit...

  9. Self-harm and attempted suicide within inpatient psychiatric services: a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    James, Karen; Stewart, Duncan; Bowers, Len

    2012-08-01

    Self harm is a major public health concern, yet there are considerable challenges in providing support for those who self harm within psychiatric inpatient services. This paper presents the first review of research into self harm within inpatient settings. Searches of the main electronic databases were conducted using key words for self harm and inpatient care. There was substantial variation in the rates of self-harm and attempted suicide between studies, but rates were highest on forensic wards. There was no evidence of differences in prevalence of self-harm between men and women; women, however, were at increased risk of attempting suicide. People were more likely to self-harm in private areas of the ward and in the evening hours, and often self-harmed in response to psychological distress, or elements of nursing care that restricted their freedom. Wards used a variety of strategies to prevent self-harm; however, there is little research into their effectiveness. PMID:22340085

  10. A Review of Services and Interventions for Runaway and Homeless Youth: Moving Forward

    PubMed Central

    Slesnick, Natasha; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Letcher, Amber; Erdem, Gizem; Serovich, Julianne

    2009-01-01

    Research focused on the impact of community-based services and treatment interventions designed to intervene in the lives of runaway and homeless youth has increased in the last two decades in the U.S. and internationally. In light of the tremendous need for identifying effective strategies to end homelessness and its associated problems among youth, this paper summarizes and critiques the findings of the extant literature including U.S., international, and qualitative studies. Thirty-two papers met criteria for inclusion in the review. Among the conclusions are that comprehensive interventions which target the varied and interconnected needs of these youth and families may be worthy of more study than studies that isolate the intervention focus on one problem. Also, more research incorporating design strategies that increase the reliability and validity of study findings is needed. Other preliminary conclusions and future directions are offered. PMID:20161294

  11. Current Status and Future Prospects for the Assessment of Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Services: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Liquete, Camino; Piroddi, Chiara; Drakou, Evangelia G.; Gurney, Leigh; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Charef, Aymen; Egoh, Benis

    2013-01-01

    Background Research on ecosystem services has grown exponentially during the last decade. Most of the studies have focused on assessing and mapping terrestrial ecosystem services highlighting a knowledge gap on marine and coastal ecosystem services (MCES) and an urgent need to assess them. Methodology/Principal Findings We reviewed and summarized existing scientific literature related to MCES with the aim of extracting and classifying indicators used to assess and map them. We found 145 papers that specifically assessed marine and coastal ecosystem services from which we extracted 476 indicators. Food provision, in particular fisheries, was the most extensively analyzed MCES while water purification and coastal protection were the most frequently studied regulating and maintenance services. Also recreation and tourism under the cultural services was relatively well assessed. We highlight knowledge gaps regarding the availability of indicators that measure the capacity, flow or benefit derived from each ecosystem service. The majority of the case studies was found in mangroves and coastal wetlands and was mainly concentrated in Europe and North America. Our systematic review highlighted the need of an improved ecosystem service classification for marine and coastal systems, which is herein proposed with definitions and links to previous classifications. Conclusions/Significance This review summarizes the state of available information related to ecosystem services associated with marine and coastal ecosystems. The cataloging of MCES indicators and the integrated classification of MCES provided in this paper establish a background that can facilitate the planning and integration of future assessments. The final goal is to establish a consistent structure and populate it with information able to support the implementation of biodiversity conservation policies. PMID:23844080

  12. Estimating Net Primary Productivity Using Satellite and Ancillary Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choudhury, B. J.; Houser, Paul (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The net primary productivity (C) or annual rate of carbon accumulation per unit ground area by terrestrial plant communities is the difference of the rate of gross photosynthesis (A(sub g)) and autotrophic respiration (R) per unit ground area. Although available observations show that R is a large and variable fraction of A(sub g), viz., 0.3 to 0.7, it is generally recognized that much uncertainties exist in this fraction due to difficulties associated with the needed measurements. Additional uncertainties arise when these measurements are extrapolated to regional or global land surface using empirical equations, for example, using regression equations relating C to mean annual precipitation and air temperature. Here, a process-based approach has been taken to calculate A(sub g) and R using satellite and ancillary data. A(sub g) has been expressed as a product of radiation use efficiency, magnitude of intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), and normalized by stresses due to soil water shortage and air temperature away from the optimum range. A biophysical model has been used to determine the radiation use efficiency from the maximum rate of carbon assimilation by a leaf, foliage temperature, and the fraction of diffuse PAR incident on a canopy. All meteorological data (PAR, air temperature, precipitation, etc.) needed for the calculation are derived from satellite observations, while a land use, land cover data (based on satellite and ground measurements) have been used to assess the maximum rate of carbon assimilation by a leaf of varied cover type based on field measurements. R has been calculated as the sum of maintenance and growth components. The maintenance respiration of foliage and live fine roots at a standard temperature of different land cover has been determined from their nitrogen content using field and satellite measurements, while that of living fraction of woody stem (viz., sapwood) from the seasonal maximum leaf area index as determined from satellite observations. These maintenance respiration values were then adjusted to that corresponding to air temperature according to a prescribed non-linear variation of respiration with temperature. The growth respiration has been calculated from the difference of Ag and maintenance respiration, according to the two-compartment model. The results of calculations will be reported for 36 consecutive months (1987-1989) over large contiguous areas (ca. 10(exp 5) sq km) Of agricultural land and tropical humid evergreen forests, and compared with available field data.

  13. Systematic review of facility-based sexual and reproductive health services for female sex workers in Africa

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Several biological, behavioural, and structural risk factors place female sex workers (FSWs) at heightened risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. FSW projects in many settings have demonstrated effective ways of altering this risk, improving the health and wellbeing of these women. Yet the optimum delivery model of FSW projects in Africa is unclear. This systematic review describes intervention packages, service-delivery models, and extent of government involvement in these services in Africa. Methods On 22 November 2012, we searched Web of Science and MEDLINE, without date restrictions, for studies describing clinical and non-clinical facility-based SRH prevention and care services for FSWs in low- and middle-income countries in Africa. We also identified articles in key non-indexed journals and on websites of international organizations. A single reviewer screened titles and abstracts, and extracted data from articles using standardised tools. Results We located 149 articles, which described 54 projects. Most were localised and small-scale; focused on research activities (rather than on large-scale service delivery); operated with little coordination, either nationally or regionally; and had scanty government support (instead a range of international donors generally funded services). Almost all sites only addressed HIV prevention and STIs. Most services distributed male condoms, but only 10% provided female condoms. HIV services mainly encompassed HIV counselling and testing; few offered HIV care and treatment such as CD4 testing or antiretroviral therapy (ART). While STI services were more comprehensive, periodic presumptive treatment was only provided in 11 instances. Services often ignored broader SRH needs such as family planning, cervical cancer screening, and gender-based violence services. Conclusions Sex work programmes in Africa have limited coverage and a narrow scope of services and are poorly coordinated with broader HIV and SRH services. To improve FSWs’ health and reduce onward HIV transmission, access to ART needs to be addressed urgently. Nevertheless, HIV prevention should remain the mainstay of services. Service delivery models that integrate broader SRH services and address structural risk factors are much needed. Government-led FSW services of high quality and scale would markedly reduce SRH vulnerabilities of FSWs in Africa. PMID:24916010

  14. Do Interventions that Promote Awareness of Rights Increase Use of Maternity Care Services? A Systematic Review.

    PubMed

    George, Asha S; Branchini, Casey; Portela, Anayda

    2015-01-01

    Twenty years after the rights of women to go through pregnancy and childbirth safely were recognized by governments, we assessed the effects of interventions that promote awareness of these rights to increase use of maternity care services. Using inclusion and exclusion criteria defined in a peer-reviewed protocol, we searched published and grey literature from one database of studies on maternal health, two search engines, an internet search and contact with experts. From the 707 unique documents found, 219 made reference to rights, with 22 detailing interventions promoting awareness of rights for maternal and newborn health. Only four of these evaluated effects on health outcomes. While all four interventions promoted awareness of rights, they did so in different ways. Interventions included highly-scripted dissemination meetings with educational materials and other visual aids, participatory approaches that combined raising awareness of rights with improving accountability of services, and broader multi-stakeholder efforts to improve maternal health. Study quality ranged from weak to strong. Measured health outcomes included increased antenatal care and facility birth. Improvements in human rights outcomes such as availability, acceptability, accessibility, quality of care, as well as the capacity of rights holders and duty bearers were also reported to varying extents. Very little information on costs and almost no information on harms or risks were described. Despite searching multiple sources of information, while some studies did report on activities to raise awareness of rights, few detailed how they did so and very few measured effects on health outcomes. Promoting awareness of rights is one element of increasing demand for and use of quality maternity care services for women during pregnancy, birth and after birth. To date efforts have not been well documented in the literature and the program theories, processes and costs, let alone health effects have not been well evaluated. PMID:26444291

  15. Do Interventions that Promote Awareness of Rights Increase Use of Maternity Care Services? A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    George, Asha S.; Branchini, Casey; Portela, Anayda

    2015-01-01

    Twenty years after the rights of women to go through pregnancy and childbirth safely were recognized by governments, we assessed the effects of interventions that promote awareness of these rights to increase use of maternity care services. Using inclusion and exclusion criteria defined in a peer-reviewed protocol, we searched published and grey literature from one database of studies on maternal health, two search engines, an internet search and contact with experts. From the 707 unique documents found, 219 made reference to rights, with 22 detailing interventions promoting awareness of rights for maternal and newborn health. Only four of these evaluated effects on health outcomes. While all four interventions promoted awareness of rights, they did so in different ways. Interventions included highly-scripted dissemination meetings with educational materials and other visual aids, participatory approaches that combined raising awareness of rights with improving accountability of services, and broader multi-stakeholder efforts to improve maternal health. Study quality ranged from weak to strong. Measured health outcomes included increased antenatal care and facility birth. Improvements in human rights outcomes such as availability, acceptability, accessibility, quality of care, as well as the capacity of rights holders and duty bearers were also reported to varying extents. Very little information on costs and almost no information on harms or risks were described. Despite searching multiple sources of information, while some studies did report on activities to raise awareness of rights, few detailed how they did so and very few measured effects on health outcomes. Promoting awareness of rights is one element of increasing demand for and use of quality maternity care services for women during pregnancy, birth and after birth. To date efforts have not been well documented in the literature and the program theories, processes and costs, let alone health effects have not been well evaluated. PMID:26444291

  16. The influence of social determinants on the use of prevention and health promotion services: Results of a systematic literature review

    PubMed Central

    Janßen, Christian; Sauter, Stefanie; Kowalski, Christoph

    2012-01-01

    Background: The following analysis aims to determine whether differences in the use of prevention and health promotion services in Germany can be attributed to health inequality between different social status groups measured by education, occupation and income and where certain improvements can be made in health promotion and prevention efforts and research to reduce those differences. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using MedPilot to identify relevant articles published between 1998 and 2010 in the Medline, Medizinische Gesundheit, CC Med, Deutsches Ärzteblatt and Sozialmedizin (SOMED) databases, the Hogrefe, Karger, Krause and Pachermegg and Thieme publisher databases, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR), the Cochrane Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Results: A total of 23 empirical studies on the topic of “prevention, health prevention and social inequality” met the criteria for inclusion in the review. 20 of the 23 reviewed studies provided relatively clear evidence of a significant association between higher social status and greater use of prevention and health promotion services. According to the reviewed studies, gender tends to have a greater effect on the use of prevention and health promotion services than characteristics of vertical social inequality. No studies were found dealing with tertiary prevention or using qualitative methods to explore their research questions. Conclusions: Overall, the review shows that there is sufficient evidence for the relationship between social status and the use of prevention and health promotion services and that this association is both significant and relevant. There are, however, a few “blind spots” in research on this topic, such as a lack of studies on tertiary prevention, especially with regards to prevention and health promotion services use among men, as well as general studies on health promotion among men and women. There is also a lack of published intervention studies demonstrating how to better reach the socially disadvantaged. PMID:23133501

  17. Patient safety in emergency medical services: a systematic review of the literature.

    TOXLINE Toxicology Bibliographic Information

    Bigham BL; Buick JE; Brooks SC; Morrison M; Shojania KG; Morrison LJ

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Preventable harm from medical care has been extensively documented in the inpatient setting. Emergency medical services (EMS) providers care for patients in dynamic and challenging environments; prehospital emergency care is a field that represents an area of high risk for errors and harm, but has received relatively little attention in the patient safety literature.OBJECTIVE: To identify the threats to patient safety unique to the EMS environment and interventions that mitigate those threats, we completed a systematic review of the literature.METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) for combinations of key EMS and patient safety terms composed by a pan-canadian expert panel using a year limit of 1999 to 2011. We excluded commentaries, opinions, letters, abstracts, and non-english publications. Two investigators performed an independent hierarchical screening of titles, abstracts, and full-text articles blinded to source. We used the kappa statistic to examine interrater agreement. Any differences were resolved by consensus.RESULTS: We retrieved 5,959 titles, and 88 publications met the inclusion criteria and were categorized into seven themes: adverse events and medication errors (22 articles), clinical judgment (13), communication (6), ground vehicle safety (9), aircraft safety (6), interfacility transport (16), and intubation (16). Two articles were randomized controlled trials; the remainder were systematic reviews, prospective observational studies, retrospective database/chart reviews, qualitative interviews, or surveys. The kappa statistics for titles, abstracts, and full-text articles were 0.65, 0.79, and 0.87, respectively, for the first search and 0.60, 0.74, and 0.85 for the second.CONCLUSIONS: We found a paucity of scientific literature exploring patient safety in EMS. Research is needed to improve our understanding of problem magnitude and threats to patient safety and to guide interventions.

  18. Review of Jamaica Public Service Company, Ltd. least-cost expansion plan.

    SciTech Connect

    Koritarov, V.; Buehring, W.; Cirillo, R.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-02-28

    Argonne National Laboratory has been asked to review the least-cost expansion plan (LCEP) of the Jamaica Public Service Company, Ltd. (JPSCo). The material that has been initially provided to Argonne included: (1) An electronic copy of the data and results from JPSCo's running the WASP electric system expansion planning model, (2) Approximately 20 pages of a document 'JPSCo Generation Expansion Plan', marked 'DRAFT 002', date unknown, and (3) The report 'JPSCo Least Cost Generation Expansion Plans, (1999-2009)', January 1999. It was noticed that the 20 pages from the 'DRAFT 002' document were different from the January 1999 report. An explanation was provided to Argonne that the excerpt was from an earlier draft and that the review should focus on the January 1999 report. Further, the electronic copy of the WASP case did not correspond to either the January 1999 report or to the 20-page excerpt. Again, the reason for these discrepancies was that the WASP case provided to Argonne was an earlier case and not the final one that was presented in the report. Based on the review of the available material, Argonne experts have prepared and submitted to the National Investment Bank of Jamaica (NIBJ) a preliminary draft report containing the initial findings, comments, questions and observations. As many of the comments and questions raised in the preliminary review needed to be discussed with the appropriate staff of JPSCo and other Jamaican experts, a 3-day mission to Jamaica was carried out by one Argonne expert (V. Koritarov) in the period July 20-23, 1999. Besides JPSCo experts, the discussions and the review of the LCEP during the mission included several experts from NIBJ, Ministry of Energy, and the Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica. Mr. Koritarov also worked with the JPSCo technical staff to reconstruct the WASP base case that was used as a basis for the January 1999 report. The first step was to verify that the results obtained after the resimulation of this case were identical to those presented in the January 1999 report. Then, in the next step, the Argonne expert and JPSCo team reviewed this case in detail and performed certain modifications and improvements of data where necessary. These modifications and data adjustments resulted in a new base case that served as a basis for further review and for the sensitivity analyses. Several sensitivity analyses were performed together with JPSCo experts and the results were discussed with the JPSCo management and other Jamaican experts at the end of the mission. Additional sensitivity analyses, as well as the cases for high and low load forecasts, were conducted by Mr. Koritarov after returning from Jamaica. The main findings of the review and issues that have been discussed with the Jamaican team can be summarized.

  19. Enhancing VELMA's Watershed Delineation and Performance with Ancillary Stream Data

    EPA Science Inventory

    VELMA (Visualizing Ecosystems for Land Management Assessment) is a hydro-ecological landscape disturbance model developed to predict the effectiveness of alternative green infrastructure scenarios for protecting water quality, and also to estimate potential ecosystem service co-b...

  20. 78 FR 304 - Office of Citizen Services and Innovative Technologies; Submission for OMB Review; Data.gov...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-03

    ... regarding Data.gov Feedback Mechanisms. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 59614, on... ADMINISTRATION Office of Citizen Services and Innovative Technologies; Submission for OMB Review; Data.gov.... ADDRESSES: Submit comments identified by Information Collection 3090- 0284, Data.gov Feedback Mechanisms,...

  1. 76 FR 82002 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... Volume 76 FR 39926 allowing for a 60-day public comment period. No comments were received for this... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement System; and SF 2800A, Documentation and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits...

  2. 76 FR 39926 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ... Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement System; and SF 2800A, Documentation and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits When Deceased Was an Employee at the Time of Death AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: 60-day...

  3. 77 FR 73657 - Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Art-in-Architecture Program National Artist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-11

    ... regarding Art-in Architecture Program National Artist Registry (GSA Form 7437). A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 58141, on September 19, 2012. No comments were received. The Art-in... ADMINISTRATION Public Buildings Service; Submission for OMB Review; Art-in- Architecture Program National...

  4. Engine Tune-Up Service. Unit 1: Battery and Cranking System. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodson-Roberts, Ludy; And Others

    This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 1, Battery and Cranking System. Focus of the exercises and pretests is testing the battery and cranking system. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the four performance objectives contained in the unit.…

  5. 78 FR 66972 - Submission for Review: Designation of Beneficiary: Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS), SF 2808

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-07

    ...Designation of Beneficiary: Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS), SF...Designation of Beneficiary: Civil Service Retirement System, SF 2808...lump sum payment due from the Civil Service Retirement and Disability...

  6. 78 FR 55766 - Submission for Review: Civil Service Retirement System Survivor Annuitant Express Pay Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-11

    ...Civil Service Retirement System Survivor Annuitant Express Pay Application for Death...Civil Service Retirement System Survivor Annuitant Express Pay Application for Death...Civil Service Retirement System solely to pay benefits to the...

  7. The impact of the fee-for-service reimbursement system on the utilisation of health services. Part I. A review of the determinants of doctors' practice patterns.

    PubMed

    Broomberg, J; Price, M R

    1990-08-01

    The impact of different methods of reimbursement on the practice patterns of doctors has received little attention in the local literature. This series of three papers attempts to address this gap. Here the international evidence on this issue is reviewed. The 'information gap' between doctors and their patients allows doctors to induce demand for their services. This leads to the potential for doctors to increase the supply of services when they stand to gain financially from doing so, as is the case in the fee-for-service system. There is extensive international evidence, at both national and micro levels, of the link between increased utilisation and the fee-for-service payment system. This is in contrast with the pattern noted in the salary system, used in some health maintenance organisations (HMOs) in the USA, or in the capitation system, used in the British National Health Service. The 'practice setting' in which doctors operate also affects patterns of practice. In the local fee-for-service sector, 'third-party payment' means that both doctors and patients have little awareness of the direct costs of services. In other systems, such as HMOs, there is a strong cost consciousness on the part of practitioners. These differences in practice setting account in part for the different patterns of utilisation in these systems. The fee-for-service system, as it is structured in South Africa, thus leads to extreme inefficiency, and the development of alternatives is becoming an urgent necessity. All systems of reimbursement have certain problems, and some combination may be the best solution. PMID:2198667

  8. Effects of User Fee Exemptions on the Provision and Use of Maternal Health Services: A Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Makinen, Marty; Madhavan, Supriya; Conlon, Claudia M.

    2013-01-01

    User fee removal has been put forward as an approach to increasing priority health service utilization, reducing impoverishment, and ultimately reducing maternal and neonatal mortality. However, user fees are a source of facility revenue in many low-income countries, often used for purchasing drugs and supplies and paying incentives to health workers. This paper reviews evidence on the effects of user fee exemptions on maternal health service utilization, service provision, and outcomes, including both supply-side and demand-side effects. We reviewed 19 peer-reviewed research articles addressing user fee exemptions and maternal health services or outcomes published since 1990. Studies were identified through a USAID-commissioned call for evidence, key word search, and screening process. Teams of reviewers assigned criteria-based quality scores to each paper and prepared structured narrative reviews. The grade of the evidence was found to be relatively weak, mainly from short-term, non-controlled studies. The introduction of user fee exemptions appears to have resulted in increased rates of facility-based deliveries and caesarean sections in some contexts. Impacts on maternal and neonatal mortality have not been conclusively demonstrated; exemptions for delivery care may contribute to modest reductions in institutional maternal mortality but the evidence is very weak. User fee exemptions were found to have negative, neutral, or inconclusive effects on availability of inputs, provider motivation, and quality of services. The extent to which user fee revenue lost by facilities is replaced can directly affect service provision and may have unintended consequences for provider motivation. Few studies have looked at the equity effects of fee removal, despite clear evidence that fees disproportionately burden the poor. This review highlights potential and documented benefits (increased use of maternity services) as well as risks (decreased provider motivation and quality) of user fee exemption policies for maternal health services. Governments should link user fee exemption policies with the replacement of lost revenue for facilities as well as broader health system improvements, including facility upgrades, ensured supply of needed inputs, and improved human resources for health. Removing user fees may increase uptake but will not reduce mortality proportionally if the quality of facility-based care is poor. More rigorous evaluations of both demand- and supply-side effects of mature fee exemption programmes are needed.

  9. Service user involvement in pre-registration mental health nurse education classroom settings: a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Terry, J

    2012-11-01

    Service user involvement in pre-registration nurse education is now a requirement, yet little is known about how students engage with users in the classroom, how such initiatives are being evaluated, how service users are prepared themselves to teach students, or the potential influence on clinical practice. The aim of this literature review was to bring together published articles on service user involvement in classroom settings in pre-registration mental health nurse education programmes, including their evaluations. A comprehensive review of the literature was carried out via computer search engines and the Internet, as well as a hand search of pertinent journals and references. This produced eight papers that fitted the inclusion criteria, comprising four empirical studies and four review articles, which were then reviewed using a seven-item checklist. The articles revealed a range of teaching and learning strategies had been employed, ranging from exposure to users' personal stories, to students being required to demonstrate awareness of user perspectives in case study presentations, with others involving eLearning and assessment skills initiatives. This review concludes that further longitudinal research is needed to establish the influence of user involvement in the classroom over time. PMID:22296494

  10. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 47 - The DoD Civilian/Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel B Appendix B to Part 47 National...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel A. Organization and Management...constitute a quorum. 2. The advisory panel shall act as a nonvoting adjunct...

  11. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 47 - The DoD Civilian/Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel B Appendix B to Part 47 National...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel A. Organization and Management...constitute a quorum. 2. The advisory panel shall act as a nonvoting adjunct...

  12. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 47 - The DoD Civilian/Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel B Appendix B to Part 47 National...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel A. Organization and Management...constitute a quorum. 2. The advisory panel shall act as a nonvoting adjunct...

  13. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 47 - The DoD Civilian/Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel B Appendix B to Part 47 National...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel A. Organization and Management...constitute a quorum. 2. The advisory panel shall act as a nonvoting adjunct...

  14. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 47 - The DoD Civilian/Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel B Appendix B to Part 47 National...Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel A. Organization and Management...constitute a quorum. 2. The advisory panel shall act as a nonvoting adjunct...

  15. 42 CFR 416.171 - Determination of payment rates for ASC services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (1) The national unadjusted ASC payment rate for covered ancillary radiology services that involve certain nuclear medicine procedures will be the amount determined under paragraph (a) of this section. (2) The national...

  16. 42 CFR 416.171 - Determination of payment rates for ASC services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (1) The national unadjusted ASC payment rate for covered ancillary radiology services that involve certain nuclear medicine procedures will be the amount determined under paragraph (a) of this section. (2) The national...

  17. Use of Mobile Phone Text Message Reminders in Health Care Services: A Narrative Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Koivunen, Marita Hannele; Välimäki, Maritta Anneli

    2014-01-01

    Background Mobile text messages are a widely recognized communication method in societies, as the global penetration of the technology approaches 100% worldwide. Systematic knowledge is still lacking on how the mobile telephone text messaging (short message service, SMS) has been used in health care services. Objective This study aims to review the literature on the use of mobile phone text message reminders in health care. Methods We conducted a systematic literature review of studies on mobile telephone text message reminders. The data sources used were PubMed (MEDLINE), CINAHL, Proquest Databases/ PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and hand searching since 2003. Studies reporting the use of SMS intended to remind patients in health services were included. Given the heterogeneity in the studies, descriptive characteristics, purpose of the study, response rates, description of the intervention, dose and timing, instruments, outcome measures, and outcome data from the studies were synthesized using a narrative approach. Results From 911 initial citations, 60 studies were included in the review. The studies reported a variety of use for SMS. Mobile telephone text message reminders were used as the only intervention in 73% (44/60) of the studies, and in 27% (16/60) of the remaining studies, SMS was connected to another comprehensive health intervention system. SMS reminders were sent to different patient groups: patients with HIV/AIDS (15%, 9/60) and diabetes (13%, 8/60) being the most common groups. The response rates of the studies varied from 22-100%. Typically, the text message reminders were sent daily. The time before the specific intervention to be rendered varied from 10 minutes (eg, medication taken) to 2 weeks (eg, scheduled appointment). A wide range of different evaluation methods and outcomes were used to assess the impact of SMS varying from existing databases (eg, attendance rate based on medical records), questionnaires, and physiological measures. About three quarters of the studies (77%, 46/60) reported improved outcomes: adherence to medication or to treatment reportedly improved in 40% (24/60) of the studies, appointment attendance in 18% (11/60) of the studies, and non-attendance rates decreased in 18% (11/60) of the studies. Other positive impacts were decreased amount of missed medication doses, more positive attitudes towards medication, and reductions in treatment interruptions. Conclusions We can conclude that although SMS reminders are used with different patient groups in health care, SMS is less systematically studied with randomized controlled trial study design. Although the amount of evidence for SMS application recommendations is still limited, having 77% (46/60) of the studies showing improved outcomes may indicate its use in health care settings. However, more well-conducted SMS studies are still needed. PMID:25326646

  18. Benthic macrofauna and ancillary data for San Francisco Bay, California, March to November 1987

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schemel, Laurence E.; Ota, A.Y.; Harmon, J.G.; Shay, J.M.; Adorado, R.N.

    1988-01-01

    Benthic macrofauna and ancillary data were collected during 1987 as part of the U.S. Geological Survey Regional Effects Monitoring Program in San Francisco Bay, California. Data were collected during five cruises at 2-month intervals from March through November. Benthic macrofauna for identification of species and sediment for size analysis were sampled at eight stations. Ancillary data, which consisted of salinity, temperature, dissolved-oxygen concentrations, and suspended sediment, were collected at 12 stations. Salinity and temperature were measured at three stations that coincided with continuous water quality monitors. Abundances and geographical distributions of a newly introduced species of clam were measured. (USGS)

  19. Chronic kidney disease and support provided by home care services: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Chronic diseases, such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), are growing in incidence and prevalence, in part due to an aging population. Support provided through home care services may be useful in attaining a more efficient and higher quality care for CKD patients. Methods A systematic review was performed to identify studies examining home care interventions among adult CKD patients incorporating all outcomes. Studies examining home care services as an alternative to acute, post-acute or hospice care and those for long-term maintenance in patients’ homes were included. Studies with only a home training intervention and those without an applied research component were excluded. Results Seventeen studies (10 cohort, 4 non-comparative, 2 cross-sectional, 1 randomized) examined the support provided by home care services in 15,058 CKD patients. Fourteen studies included peritoneal dialysis (PD), two incorporated hemodialysis (HD) and one included both PD and HD patients in their treatment groups. Sixteen studies focused on the dialysis phase of care in their study samples and one study included information from both the dialysis and pre-dialysis phases of care. Study settings included nine single hospital/dialysis centers and three regional/metropolitan areas and five were at the national level. Studies primarily focused on nurse assisted home care patients and mostly examined PD related clinical outcomes. In PD studies with comparators, peritonitis risks and technique survival rates were similar across home care assisted patients and comparators. The risk of mortality, however, was higher for home care assisted PD patients. While most studies adjusted for age and comorbidities, information about multidimensional prognostic indices that take into account physical, psychological, cognitive, functional and social factors among CKD patients was not easily available. Conclusions Most studies focused on nurse assisted home care patients on dialysis. The majority were single site studies incorporating small patient populations. There are gaps in the literature regarding the utility of providing home care to CKD patients and the impact this has on healthcare resources. PMID:25033891

  20. The Ancillary Harvest of Atlantic Menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannus, Roe

    E-print Network

    JOSEPH W. SMITH and DEAN W. AHRENHOLZ Introduction (Stevenson and Baird, 1988), flying fishes and is often referred to as "black the family Clupeidae are among the gold," since it may be one of the highest Fisheries Service, NOAA. Corresponding author is J. W. Smith, (252) 728-8765, 728-8784 [Fax], email:joseph

  1. Recommendations for Induction Training for Operators, Craftsmen and Ancillary Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Allied Products Industry Training Board, Staines (England).

    These recommendations by the Chemical and Allied Products Industry Training Board of Great Britain concerning employee induction or orientation cover such aspects as pay and pensions, working conditions, discipline, safety, medical services. Topics and time allocations are suggested for the initial interview, the first day, and subsequent…

  2. 43 CFR 2885.23 - How will BLM calculate rent for communication uses ancillary to a linear grant, TUP, or other use...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...How will BLM calculate rent for communication uses ancillary to a linear grant...Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...How will BLM calculate rent for communication uses ancillary to a linear...

  3. UNDERSTANDING THE ANCILLARY BENEFITS OF CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES: A RESEARCH AGENDA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Climate change policies are commonly evaluated on their potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They also have potential indirect or ancillary effects on various sectors such as public health, transportation and ecosystem health. It is important to understand the magn...

  4. 76 FR 55890 - Cancellation of Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for Ancillary Facilities for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ... Record of Decision (ROD) (72 FR 7964; February 22, 2007), DOE announced its selection of Richton... new locations for the ancillary facilities associated with the Richton site (73 FR 11895; March 5... the Strategic Petroleum Reserve AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation....

  5. Regulatory issues associated with closure of the Hanford AX Tank Farm ancillary equipment

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, D.L.

    1998-09-02

    Liquid mixed, high-level radioactive waste has been stored in underground single-shell tanks at the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Hanford Site. After retrieval of the waste from the single-shell tanks, the DOE will proceed with closure of the tank farm. The 241-AX Tank Farm includes four one-million gallon single-shell tanks in addition to sluice lines, transfer lines, ventilation headers, risers, pits, cribs, catch tanks, buildings, well and associated buried piping. This equipment is classified as ancillary equipment. This document addresses the requirements for regulatory close of the ancillary equipment in the Hanford Site 241-AX Tank Farm. The options identified for physical closure of the ancillary equipment include disposal in place, disposal in place after treatment, excavation and disposal on site in an empty single-shell tank, and excavation and disposal outside the AX Tank Farm. The document addresses the background of the Hanford Site and ancillary equipment in the AX Tank Farm, regulations for decontamination and decommissioning of radioactively contaminated equipment, requirements for the cleanup and disposal of radioactive wastes, cleanup and disposal requirements governing hazardous and mixed waste, and regulatory requirements and issues associated with each of the four physical closure options. This investigation was conducted by the Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, during Fiscal Year 1998 for the Hanford Tanks Initiative Project.

  6. Advanced technology for ancillary coal cleaning operations. Technical progress report, September--December, 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    The work under contract number DE-AC22-87PC97881 is devoted to experimental research and development to investigate the feasibility of novel ancillary coal-cleaning technologies that offer a potential for reduced capital and operating costs. The ancilliary operations that are specifically addressed in this work include pulse enhanced drying, fines reconstitution by extrusion, and hydraulic wave comminution.

  7. Developing an Internationally-Applicable Service Specification for Continence Care: Systematic Review, Evidence Synthesis and Expert Consensus

    PubMed Central

    Wagg, Adrian S.; Newman, Diane K.; Leichsenring, Kai; van Houten, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Background Global demographic trends suggest that the incidence of both urinary and faecal incontinence will rise in the coming years, bringing significant health and economic implications for both patients and payers. There is limited organisational evidence to guide payers and providers about service configuration which will deliver efficient guideline-compliant, high-quality patient care. Objectives To create, using evidence from a systematic review, qualitative data and expert consensus an internationally applicable service specification for continence care. Method Evidence was obtained from a systematic and grey literature review of published randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies reporting efficacy of continence service design at the level of the community dwelling patient with either bladder or bowel incontinence, governmental reports and policy frameworks supplemented by data from 47 semi-structured interviews with clinicians, patients, patient-representatives and policy experts from four geographies broadly representative of different healthcare systems. Results A number of themes related to current and potential future organisation of continence care were identified from the data. A modular service specification with eight core components was created including case detection, initial assessment and treatment, case co-ordination, caregiver support, community-based support, specialist assessment and treatment, use of containment products, and use of technology. Within this framework important key recommendations are: ensure robust referral pathways, shift assessment for case coordination to nurses specializing in continence care, promote self-management and technology, use comprehensive assessment tools and service performance targets based on outcome and operational measures. Conclusions This study has defined practice gaps in the provision of continence services and described eight core components of a service specification for incontinence that commissioners and payers of health and social care could consider using to provide high-quality continence care. A shift towards a community-delivered, nurse-led model appears to be associated with clinical and cost-effective care for people with bladder and bowel incontinence. PMID:25121511

  8. 75 FR 43168 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Service...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ...Aging (SUA), Area Agencies on Aging (AAA) and Local Service Providers (LSP...questionnaire followed by interviews with AAA directors and their staff and focus groups...the SUA to represent a maximum range of AAA and service provider network...

  9. 78 FR 22490 - Administrative Practice and Procedure; Postal Service; Review of Price Cap Rules

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ...available to the Postal Service in any given rate case...rules contain a set of definitions intended to aid the Postal Service and postal customers in understanding terms...community.\\18\\ The new definitions explain the meaning...

  10. 77 FR 50138 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Collection of Customer Service, Demographic, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ...clients at the end of usual service--a survey that includes three customer service and twelve demographic questions (age, sex, race, ethnicity, education, household income, number in household, and five questions about health...

  11. 76 FR 56471 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ...ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM AND SERVICES. HOLGATE, HENRY R....................... ASSISTANT DIRECTOR...REGIONAL DIRECTOR, MIDDLE ATLANTIC REGION. KENDALL, PAUL F...........................

  12. Transition to total one-stop wide-awake hand surgery service-audit: a retrospective review

    PubMed Central

    Bismil, MSK; Bismil, QMK; Harding, David; Harris, Phillip; Lamyman, Elaine; Sansby, Lizzie

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To document the transition to a totally one-stop (patient seen and treated in one appointment) wide-awake (local anaesthesia only) hand surgery service. Design Retrospective review of 10 year service with detailed analysis of last 1000 cases including process and cost-effectiveness and efficiency analysis. Setting Purpose-built CQC-certified day-case surgical facility where we have pioneered the UK's first totally one-stop wide-awake orthopaedic service. Participants Approximately five thousand orthopaedic patients treated in the last ten years. Main outcome measures Surgical outcomes, patient satisfaction and cost-effectiveness and efficiency. Results The OSWA model is safe, efficient and effective; with a low complication rate, extremely high patient satisfaction; and cost-savings to the NHS of 50–75% of the national tariff. The service saved the NHS approximately £750,000 for the 1000 cases presented; and over £2 million since the inception of the service. Conclusions A totally one-stop wide-awake hand surgery service is a practicable and feasible alternative to the conventional treatment pathway with benefits in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness. PMID:22715424

  13. Managing Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parkinson, Simon Christopher

    Widespread access to renewable electricity is seen as a viable method to mitigate carbon emissions, although problematic are the issues associated with the integration of the generation systems within current power system configurations. Wind power plants are the primary large-scale renewable generation technology applied globally, but display considerable short-term supply variability that is difficult to predict. Power systems are currently not designed to operate under these conditions, and results in the need to increase operating reserve in order to guarantee stability. Often, operating conventional generation as reserve is both technically and economically inefficient, which can overshadow positive benefits associated with renewable energy exploitation. The purpose of this thesis is to introduce and assess an alternative method of enhancing power system operations through the control of electric loads. In particular, this thesis focuses on managing highly-distributed sustainable demand-side infrastructure, in the form of heat pumps, electric vehicles, and electrolyzers, as dispatchable short-term energy balancing resources. The main contribution of the thesis is an optimal control strategy capable of simultaneously balancing grid- and demand-side objectives. The viability of the load control strategy is assessed through model-based simulations that explicitly track end-use functionality of responsive devices within a power systems analysis typically implemented to observe the effects of integrated wind energy systems. Results indicate that there is great potential for the proposed method to displace the need for increased reserve capacity in systems considering a high penetration of wind energy, thereby allowing conventional generation to operate more efficiently and avoid the need for possible capacity expansions.

  14. 47 CFR 25.149 - Application requirements for ancillary terrestrial components in Mobile-Satellite Service...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...including the guidelines for human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields as defined in §§ 1.1307(b) and 1.1310 of this...Licensees and manufacturers are subject to the radiofrequency radiation exposure requirements specified in §§...

  15. A Generalized Battery Model of a Collection of Thermostatically Controlled Loads for Providing Ancillary Service

    E-print Network

    Sanandaji, Borhan M.

    around the world to setup aggressive renewable portfolios [1]. As an example, the state of California has a grant to the Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore for the SinBerBEST Program; Robert

  16. Analysis and characterization of ancillary service demand response strategies for variable air volume HVAC systems

    E-print Network

    Blum, David H. (David Henry)

    2013-01-01

    Output variability and prediction difficulties with respect to solar and wind electricity resources increase the requirement of grid-scale reserve capacity and add strain to existing firm generators used for reserves and ...

  17. Use of quality information in decision-making about health and social care services--a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Turnpenny, Agnes; Beadle-Brown, Julie

    2015-07-01

    User choice and personalisation have been at the centre of health and social care policies in many countries. Exercising choice can be especially challenging for people with long-term conditions (LTC) or disabilities. Information about the quality, cost and availability of services is central to user choice. This study used systematic review methods to synthesise evidence in three main areas: (i) how people with LTC or disabilities and their family carers find and access information about the quality of services; (ii) how quality information is used in decision-making; and (iii) what type of quality information is most useful. Quality information was defined broadly and could include formal quality reports (e.g. inspection reports, report cards, etc.), information about the characteristics of a service or provider (e.g. number and qualifications of staff, facilities, etc.) and informal reports about quality (e.g. personal experience, etc.). Literature searches were carried out using electronic databases in January 2012. Thirteen papers reporting findings from empirical studies published between 2001 and 2012 were included in the review. The majority of papers (n = 9) had a qualitative design. The analysis highlighted the use of multiple sources of information in decision-making about services and in particular the importance of informal sources and extended social networks in accessing information. There is limited awareness and use of 'official' and online information sources. Service users or family carers place greater emphasis on general information and structural indicators. Clinical or quality-of-life outcomes are often difficult to interpret and apply. Trust emerged a key issue in relation to quality information. Experiential and subjective information is highly valued and trusted. Various barriers to the effective use of quality information in making choices about services are identified. Implications for policy and future research are discussed. PMID:25243842

  18. Overcoming access barriers to health services through membership-based microfinance organizations: a review of evidence from South Asia

    PubMed Central

    Saha, Somen; Annear, Peter Leslie

    2015-01-01

    It is a challenge for the poor to overcome the barriers to accessing health services. Membership-based microfinance with associated health programmes can improve health outcomes for the poor. This study reviewed the evidence published between 1993 and 2013 on the role of membership-based microfinance with associated health programmes in improving health outcomes for the poor in South Asia. A total of 661 papers were identified and 26 selected for inclusion, based on the relevance and rigour of the research methods. Of these 26, five were evidence reviews. Of the remaining 21 papers, 12 were from India, seven from Bangladesh, and one each from Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Three papers addressed more than one theme. Five key themes emerged from the review: (i) the impact of microfinance programmes on the social and economic situation of the poor; (ii) the impact of microfinance programmes on community health; (iii) the impact of integrated microfinance health programmes on raising client awareness; (iv) the impact of integrated microfinance health programmes on financing health care; and (v) the impact of integrated microfinance health programmes on affordable health-care products and services. The review provides new evidence on the pathways through which microfinance helps to improve population health and value for money for such programmes. Among countries with large populations in the informal sector, there is a strong case for policy-makers to support these groups in providing access to life-saving health care among the poor. PMID:25685728

  19. Underutilization of cervical cancer prevention services in low and middle income countries: a review of contributing factors

    PubMed Central

    Chidyaonga-Maseko, Fresier; Chirwa, Maureen Leah; Muula, Adamson Sinjani

    2015-01-01

    This review aims at identifying barriers to utilization of cervical cancer prevention services in low- and middle-income countries. An electronic search was conducted using the following key words, HPV vaccination, screening, barriers, utilization and low and middle income/developed countries. Using the Garrard (1999) Matrix method approach, a modified matrix was designed and used as a data collection tool and data related to each category listed on the tool were entered into a matrix containing columns reflecting the categories. Constant comparative analysis was used to identify thematic categories. 31 articles published between 2001 and 2014 were yielded from the search. Analysis of the contents of the articles showed that the underutilization of cervical cancer screening services in low and middle-income countries is the result of barriers in accessing and utilizing of the prevention services. Though not mutually exclusive, the barriers were categorized in three categories; individual, community and health system related. Individual barriers include lack of awareness and knowledge about risk factors and prevention of cervical cancer. Age, marital status, diffidence, social economic status, cultural and religious belief of the women also determine the women's' willingness to utilize the services. In some communities there is stigma attached to discussing reproductive health issues and this limits the young women's awareness of cervical cancer and its prevention. Understanding individual, community and health system barriers that hinder women's utilization of cervical cancer prevention services is very crucial in designing effective cervical cancer control programs in low- and middle-income countries. PMID:26523173

  20. 77 FR 59004 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-25

    ...ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM AND SERVICES. HOLGATE, HENRY R....................... ASSISTANT DIRECTOR...ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL. KENDALL, PAUL F...........................

  1. Is Telephone Review Feasible and Potentially Effective in Low Vision Services?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parkes, Claire; Lennon, Julie; Harper, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Demographic transformations within the UK population combine to contribute to a substantial increase in demand for low vision (LV) services, creating a pressing need to reconsider the appropriate methods for service provision. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of using telephone triage to assess the need for, and timing of, LV…

  2. A Critical Review of Factors in the Underutilization of Mental Health Services by Hispanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boucher, Wayne Charles

    The high fertility rates among Hispanics and the continuing immigration patterns are making the mental health needs of Hispanics a national concern. The issue of the underutilization of mental health services by Hispanics must become a prominent concern for all Americans. Three main factors in the underutilization of mental health services by…

  3. 78 FR 21952 - Submission for OMB Review; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Services Administration...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-12

    ...Collection of Qualitative Feedback on Agency Service Delivery...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. Purpose Title: Generic Clearance...Collection of Qualitative Feedback on Agency Service Delivery...offer easy paths for feedback to ensure we continually...violate the fundamental purposes of the Paperwork...

  4. A Study of the Visually Impaired Young People of Kansas and a Review of Educational Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas State Dept. of Education, Topeka.

    The report of a 1974 cooperative study focuses on current educational service delivery for 708 visually impaired (VI) Kansans (up to 21 years old). Provided is a summary of data from unified school districts (USDs), state services for the blind (SFB), and institutions on such topics as age, sex, geographic distribution, handicapping conditions,…

  5. Ancillary qubit spectroscopy of vacua in cavity and circuit quantum electrodynamics.

    PubMed

    Lolli, Jared; Baksic, Alexandre; Nagy, David; Manucharyan, Vladimir E; Ciuti, Cristiano

    2015-05-01

    We investigate theoretically how the spectroscopy of an ancillary qubit can probe cavity (circuit) QED ground states containing photons. We consider three classes of systems (Dicke, Tavis-Cummings, and Hopfield-like models), where nontrivial vacua are the result of ultrastrong coupling between N two-level systems and a single-mode bosonic field. An ancillary qubit detuned with respect to the boson frequency is shown to reveal distinct spectral signatures depending on the type of vacua. In particular, the Lamb shift of the ancilla is sensitive to both ground state photon population and correlations. Backaction of the ancilla on the cavity ground state is investigated, taking into account the dissipation via a consistent master equation for the ultrastrong coupling regime. The conditions for high-fidelity measurements are determined. PMID:26001000

  6. Effectiveness of community-based health services by nurse practitioners: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Kanda, Mikiko; Ota, Erika; Fukuda, Hiromi; Miyauchi, Shinji; Gilmour, Stuart; Kono, Yuko; Nakagama, Erika; Murashima, Sachiyo; Shibuya, Kenji

    2015-01-01

    Introduction To realise universal health coverage in an ageing society, adequate provision of appropriately trained human resources is essential. The nurse practitioner (NP) is an autonomous and independent, advanced practice nurse capable of providing treatment and care that can be substituted for some aspects of a medical doctor's (MD's) role, especially in a community setting. Previous systematic reviews found higher levels of patient satisfaction with services provided by NPs than those provided by MDs. As non-communicable diseases become a major health burden requiring long-term healthcare in community settings, this systematic review aims to assess the equivalence of NP services to standard care provided by MDs, and to determine whether their practice is an effective alternative to that of MDs in community settings. Methods and analysis Relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cluster RCTs will be searched in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the British Nursing Index. We will assess patient and health system utilisation outcomes of interventions comparing treatment and care provided by NPs in community settings with that provided by MDs. Two authors will independently screen studies for inclusion, consulting with a third author where necessary to resolve discrepancies. The risk of bias of included studies will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool, and quality of evidence using the GRADE approach. Meta-analysis of included studies will be conducted using fixed-effect or random-effects models depending on the degree of between-study heterogeneity. Results will be presented using risk ratios with 95% CI for dichotomous outcomes and standardised mean differences with 95% CI for continuous outcomes. Ethics and dissemination This systematic review and meta-analysis protocol does not require ethical approval. We will disseminate the findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis via publications in peer-reviewed journals. Trial registration number PROSPEROCRD42014009627. PMID:26105030

  7. 77 FR 77001 - Comprehensive Review of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ...Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that initiated a comprehensive review of the Commission's rules governing space stations and earth stations. The original deadline for filing comments was [[Page 77002

  8. 78 FR 56930 - Membership of the Senior Executive Service Standing Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-16

    ...FORTINE OCHOA, CAROL................... ASSISTANT INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR OVERSIGHT AND REVIEW. MARSKE, CARYN A........................ DEPUTY ASSISTANT INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR AUDIT. PETERS, GREGORY...

  9. 75 FR 65528 - Membership of the National Science Board's Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Membership of the National...Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Announcement of Membership of the National Science Foundation's Performance...

  10. Providing Services in the United Kingdom to People with an Intellectual Disability Who Present Behaviour Which Challenges: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Karen

    2011-01-01

    There is ongoing debate about the best model of service provision for people with an intellectual disability who present severe behavioural challenges. The present paper reviewed research which evaluated a range of UK service provision in terms of impact on challenging behaviour and other quality of life indices. A literature search was carried…

  11. Science Enabling Roles and Services of SPDF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McGuire, Robert E.; Bilitza, Dieter; Candey, Robert M.; Chimiak, Reine A.; Cooper, John F.; Garcia, Leonard N.; Harris, Bernard T.; Johnson, Rita C.; King, Joseph H.; Kovalick, Tamara J.; Lal, Nand; Leckner, Howard A.; Liu, Michael H.; Papitashvili, Natalia E.; Roberts, D. Aaron

    2011-01-01

    The current Heliophysics Science Data Management Policy defines the roles of the Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) project as a heliophysics active Final Archive, a focus for critical data infrastructure services and a center of excellence for data and ancillary information services. This presentation will highlight some of our current activities and our understanding of why and how our services are useful to researchers, as well as SPDF's programmatic emphasis in the coming year. We will discuss how. in cooperation with the Heliophysics Virtual discipline Observatories (VxOs), we are working closely with the RBSP and MMS mission teams to support their decisions to use CDF as a primary format for their public data products, to leverage the ongoing data flows and capabilities of CDAWeb (directly and through external clients such as Autoplot) to serve their data in a multi-mission context and to use SSCWeb to assist community science planning and analysis. Among other current activities, we will also discuss and demonstrate our continuing effort to make the Virtual Space Physics Observatory (VSPO) service comprehensive in all significant and NASA relevant heliophysics data. The OMNI and OMNI High Resolution datasets remain current and heavily cited in publications. We are expanding our FTP file services to include online archived non-CDF data from all active missions, which is a re-hosting of this function from NSSDC's FTP site. We have extended the definitions of time in CDF to unambiguously and consistently handle leap seconds. We are improving SSCWeb for much faster per1ormance, more capabilities and a web services inter1ace to Query functionality. We will also review how CDAWeb data can be easily accessed within IDL and new features in CDAWeb.

  12. Science Enabling Roles and Services of SPDF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGuire, R. E.; Bilitza, D.; Candey, R. M.; Chimiak, R. A.; Cooper, J. F.; Garcia, L. N.; Harris, B. T.; Johnson, R. C.; King, J. H.; Kovalick, T. J.; Lal, N.; Leckner, H. A.; Liu, M. H.; Papitashvili, N. E.; Roberts, D.

    2011-12-01

    The current Heliophysics Science Data Management Policy defines the roles of the Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) project as a heliophysics active Final Archive, a focus for critical data infrastructure services and a center of excellence for data and ancillary information services. This presentation will highlight some of our current activities and our understanding of why and how our services are useful to researchers, as well as SPDF's programmatic emphasis in the coming year. We will discuss how, in cooperation with the Heliophysics Virtual discipline Observatories (VxOs), we are working closely with the RBSP and MMS mission teams to support their decisions to use CDF as a primary format for their public data products, to leverage the ongoing data flows and capabilities of CDAWeb (directly and through external clients such as Autoplot) to serve their data in a multi-mission context and to use SSCWeb to assist community science planning and analysis. Among other current activities, we will also discuss and demonstrate our continuing effort to make the Virtual Space Physics Observatory (VSPO) service comprehensive in all significant and NASA relevant heliophysics data. The OMNI and OMNI High Resolution datasets remain current and heavily cited in publications. We are expanding our FTP file services to include online archived non-CDF data from all active missions, which is a re-hosting of this function from NSSDC's FTP site. We have extended the definitions of time in CDF to unambiguously and consistently handle leap seconds. We are improving SSCWeb for much faster performance, more capabilities and a web services interface to Query functionality. We will also review how CDAWeb data can be easily accessed within IDL and new features in CDAWeb.

  13. Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings

    SciTech Connect

    2010-01-01

    A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

  14. Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2012-06-14

    A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

  15. Interventions to improve therapeutic communications between Black and minority ethnic patients and professionals in psychiatric services: systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Bhui, Kamaldeep S.; Aslam, Rabeea'h W.; Palinski, Andrea; McCabe, Rose; Johnson, Mark R. D.; Weich, Scott; Singh, Swaran P.; Knapp, Martin; Ardino, Vittoria; Szczepura, Ala

    2015-01-01

    Background Communication may be an influential determinant of inequality of access to, engagement with and benefit from psychiatric services. Aims To review the evidence on interventions designed to improve therapeutic communications between Black and minority ethnic patients and clinicians who provide care in psychiatric services. Method Systematic review and evidence synthesis (PROSPERO registration: CRD42011001661). Data sources included the published and the ‘grey’ literature. A survey of experts and a consultation with patients and carers all contributed to the evidence synthesis, interpretation and recommendations. Results Twenty-one studies were included in our analysis. The trials showed benefits mainly for depressive symptoms, experiences of care, knowledge, stigma, adherence to prescribed medication, insight and alliance. The effect sizes were smaller for better-quality trials (range of d 0.18–0.75) than for moderate- or lower-quality studies (range of d 0.18–4.3). The review found only two studies offering weak economic evidence. Conclusions Culturally adapted psychotherapies, and ethnographic and motivational assessment leading to psychotherapies were effective and favoured by patients and carers. Further trials are needed from outside of the UK and USA, as are economic evaluations and studies of routine psychiatric care practices. PMID:26243761

  16. 77 FR 63416 - Senior Executive Service; Departmental Offices Performance Review Board Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-16

    ...Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 4314(c)(4), this notice announces the appointment of members of the Departmental Offices Performance Review Board (PRB). The purpose of this Board is to review and make recommendations concerning proposed performance appraisals, ratings, bonuses and other appropriate personnel actions for incumbents of SES positions in the Departmental Offices, excluding the Legal......

  17. The Integration of Counseling and Nursing Services into Schools: A Comparative Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maughan, Erin; Troup, K. D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this comparative review was to examine the legislative evolution of school guidance and school nursing over the past century, in hopes of identifying reasons why guidance counselors have been more successful in compliance to recommended ratios than school nurses. A literature review was conducted including CINAHL, MEDLINE, ERIC and…

  18. 76 FR 76697 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ...The Committee For Purchase from People Who Are Blind Or Severely Disabled (Committee) has announced the following appointments to the Committee Performance Review Board. The following individuals are appointed as members of the Committee Performance Review Board responsible for making recommendations to the appointing and awarding authorities on performance appraisal ratings and performance......

  19. A Review of the Literature on Rural and Remote Pre-Service Teacher Preparation with a Focus on Blended and E-Learning Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Sarah Elaine; Dressler, Roswita; Gereluk, Dianne

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To review a broad array of current literature related to pre-service teacher education offered in blended and e-learning formats, with a focus on rural and remote teacher education. Results: The range of literature that we have surveyed is broad. We have consulted peer-reviewed academic journals, books, conference proceedings, government…

  20. Service Engagement in Interventions for Street-Connected Children and Young People: A Summary of Evidence Supplementing a Recent Cochrane-Campbell Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossain, Rosa; Coren, Esther

    2015-01-01

    Background: This paper builds on a Cochrane-Campbell systematic review of interventions that reduce harms and promote reintegration in street-connected children and young people focusing on intervention outcomes. The aim of the present analysis is to explore questions raised in the systematic review over the potential role of service engagement in…

  1. Clinical Uncertainties, Health Service Challenges, and Ethical Complexities of HIV “Test-and-Treat”: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Kavita R.; Sarma, Karthik V.; Mahajan, Anish P.

    2013-01-01

    Despite the HIV “test-and-treat” strategy’s promise, questions about its clinical rationale, operational feasibility, and ethical appropriateness have led to vigorous debate in the global HIV community. We performed a systematic review of the literature published between January 2009 and May 2012 using PubMed, SCOPUS, Global Health, Web of Science, BIOSIS, Cochrane CENTRAL, EBSCO Africa-Wide Information, and EBSCO CINAHL Plus databases to summarize clinical uncertainties, health service challenges, and ethical complexities that may affect the test-and-treat strategy’s success. A thoughtful approach to research and implementation to address clinical and health service questions and meaningful community engagement regarding ethical complexities may bring us closer to safe, feasible, and effective test-and-treat implementation. PMID:23597344

  2. Community Health Workers' Provision of Family Planning Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of Effectiveness.

    PubMed

    Scott, Valerie K; Gottschalk, Lindsey B; Wright, Kelsey Q; Twose, Claire; Bohren, Meghan A; Schmitt, Megan E; Ortayli, Nuriye

    2015-09-01

    This systematic review evaluates the strength of the evidence that community health workers' (CHW) provision of family planning (FP) services in low- and middle-income countries is effective. In a search of eight databases, articles were screened by study design and outcome measure and ranked by strength of evidence. Only randomized trials, longitudinal studies with a comparison group, and pre-test/post-test studies met inclusion criteria. A total of 56 studies were included. Of those studies with relevant data, approximately 93 percent indicated that CHW FP programs effectively increased the use of modern contraception, while 83 percent reported an improvement in knowledge and attitudes concerning contraceptives. Based on these findings, strong evidence exists for promoting CHW programs to improve access to FP services. We recommend a set of best practice guidelines that researchers and program managers can use to report on CHW FP programs to facilitate the translation of research to practice across a wide range of settings. PMID:26347089

  3. 77 FR 27746 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Submission...Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative...Advocacy for Assistive Technology (PAAT) Program Performance...devices or assistive technology services. DATES...S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland...

  4. 76 FR 35949 - Agency Information Collection Activity (Servicer's Staff Appraisal Reviewer (SAR) Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ...'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service.... Estimated Number of Respondents: 20. By direction of the Secretary. Dated: June 15, 2011. Denise...

  5. 77 FR 56824 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ...scholars who are/were the recipients of scholarships. The information collected will provide...rehabilitative services. Students who receive scholarships under this program are required to...settings for every year of full-time scholarship support. Section 302...

  6. 77 FR 64521 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ...Justina Fugh, Senior Counsel for Ethics, Environmental Protection Agency...Loftin, Director of Interior Ethics Office, Department of the Interior...Counsel, Department of Health and Human Services; and Susan Winchell, Assistant General Counsel for Ethics, Department of...

  7. 77 FR 50138 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Collection of Customer Service, Demographic, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... in the Federal Register on May 24, 2012 (77 FR 31028) and allowed 60-days for public comment. One... three customer service and twelve demographic questions (age, sex, race, ethnicity, education,...

  8. 77 FR 50545 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-21

    ...Officer (CFO) Heather C. Maloy, Commissioner, LB&I Stephen L. Manning, Associate CIO, User and Network Services (IT) Rosemary D. Marcuss, Director, Research, Analysis and Statistics (RAS) C. Andre Martin, Director, Investigative and...

  9. Why do patients with ‘primary care sensitive’ problems access ambulance services? A systematic mapping review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Booker, Matthew J; Shaw, Ali R G; Purdy, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    Objective Emergency ambulance use for problems that could be managed in primary care continues to rise owing to complex reasons that are poorly understood. The objective of this systematic review is to draw together published evidence across a variety of study methodologies and settings to gain a better understanding of why patients seek help from ambulance services for these problems. Design Systematic searches were undertaken across the MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, Health Management Information Consortium and Health Management Information Service publication databases. Google Scholar, Web of Science, OpenSigle, EThOS and DART databases were also systematically searched for reports, proceedings, book chapters and theses, along with hand-searching of grey literature sources. Studies were included if they reported on findings examining patient, carer, health professional or service management interactions with ambulance services for primary care problems. All study methodologies and perspectives were of interest. Data were extracted, quality assessed and systematically mapped according to key findings through generation of an iterative framework. Results A total of 31 studies met inclusion criteria. Findings were summarised across 5 broad categories: factors associated with individual patients; actions of care-givers and bystanders; population-level factors; health infrastructure factors; challenges faced by health professionals. A number of subcategories were developed to explore these factors in more detail. Conclusions This review reports important factors that may impact on ambulance use for primary care problems across a global setting, including demographic measures associated with deprivation, minority status and individual social circumstances. Categorising ambulance calls for primary care problems as ‘inappropriate’ is context dependant and may be unhelpful. Potential implications for triage and risk management strategies are discussed. PMID:25991458

  10. Integrating traditional indigenous medicine and western biomedicine into health systems: a review of Nicaraguan health policies and miskitu health services.

    PubMed

    Carrie, Heather; Mackey, Tim K; Laird, Sloane N

    2015-01-01

    Throughout the world, indigenous peoples have advocated for the right to retain their cultural beliefs and traditional medicine practices. In 2007, the more than 370 million people representing 5000 distinct groups throughout the world received global recognition with the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). UNDRIP Article 24 affirms the rights of indigenous peoples to their traditional medicines and health practices, and to all social and health services. Although not a legally binding agreement, UNDRIP encourages nation states to comply and implement measures to support and uphold its provisions. Within the context of indigenous health and human rights, Nicaragua serves as a unique case study for examining implementation of UNDRIP Article 24 provisions due to the changes in the Nicaraguan Constitution that strive for the overarching goal of affirming an equal right to health for all Nicaraguans and supporting the integration of traditional medicine and biomedicine at a national and regional level. To explore this subject further, we conducted a review of the policy impact of UNDRIP on health services accessible to the Miskitu indigenous peoples of the North Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN). We found that although measures to create therapeutic cooperation are woven into Nicaraguan health plans at the national and regional level, in practice, the delivery of integrated health services has been implemented with varying results. Our review suggests that the method of policy implementation and efforts to foster intercultural collaborative approaches involving respectful community engagement are important factors when attempting to assess the effectiveness of UNDRIP implementation into national health policy and promoting traditional medicine access. In response, more study and close monitoring of legislation that acts to implement or align with UNDRIP Article 24 is necessary to ensure adequate promotion and access to traditional medicines and health services for indigenous populations in Nicaragua and beyond. PMID:26616532

  11. 75 FR 13131 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; GSA Advantage...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ...Administration will be submitting to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a request to review and approve a new information collection...as well as sends purchase orders, application advice, and functional acknowledgements. B. Annual Reporting Burden Number of...

  12. 76 FR 60840 - Updated OGE Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ...30, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barbara Mullen-Roth, Deputy Director, Office of Government Ethics, Suite 500...Review Board of the Office of Government Ethics: Barbara Mullen-Roth [Chair], Deputy Director, Office of Government Ethics;...

  13. 76 FR 64428 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ...FinCEN). The Combined PRB reviews the performance appraisals of career senior executives who are below the level of bureau head and...Ryan, Deputy Administrator, TTB. Nicholas V. Colucci, Acting Deputy Director, FinCEN. Alternate Members Lori...

  14. 76 FR 18516 - Senior Executive Service; Combined Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ...reviews the performance appraisals of career and non-career senior executives. The Board recommendations...of the members shall consist of career appointees. The names and titles...INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven McManus, Acting Chief Operating Officer,...

  15. 76 FR 26707 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ...FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Appointments to Performance Review Board...From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Appointment of Performance...from People Who Are Blind Or Severely Disabled (Committee) has announced the...

  16. 77 FR 75150 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ...FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Appointments to Performance Review Board...from People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Appointment of Performance...from People Who Are Blind Or Severely Disabled (Committee) has announced the...

  17. 76 FR 76697 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ...FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Appointments to Performance Review Board...from People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Appointment of Performance...from People Who Are Blind Or Severely Disabled (Committee) has announced the...

  18. 75 FR 10789 - Appointments to Performance Review Board for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-09

    ...FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Appointments to Performance Review Board...From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Appointment of Performance...from People Who Are Blind Or Severely Disabled (Committee) has announced the...

  19. 78 FR 57156 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Modifications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-17

    ...for OMB Review; Modifications (Federal Supply Schedules) AGENCY: Office of Acquisition...regarding the Modifications (Federal Supply Schedule) clause. DATES: Submit comments...552.243-81 Modifications (Federal Supply Schedule) and an Alternate I...

  20. 75 FR 13130 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Submission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ...Review; Submission Instructions (Federal Supply Schedules) and Evaluation Factors for...regarding Submission Instructions (Federal Supply Schedules) and Evaluation Factors for...3090-00XX, Submission Instructions (Federal Supply Schedules) and Evaluation Factors...

  1. The NEOUCOM Cooperative Cataloging Service: development and review of the first four years.

    PubMed Central

    Miller, D R

    1983-01-01

    The Basic Medical Sciences Library of the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM) provided a Cooperative Cataloging Service to fourteen of its affiliated hospitals' libraries since March 1978, using the OCLC system. Analysis of the first four years of service showed that the hospital libraries spent almost $30,000 to catalog more than 18,000 titles. Personnel expenses and other costs eclipsed the savings from a 31.3% duplication rate. Centralized bibliographic control control and the principal by-product of the service, a uniform, machine-related data base, provided the foundation for an on-line integrated library system to serve the consortium. The hospital libraries contributed 44% of the unique titles in this data base, which emphasis the need to share resources and continue cooperation. PMID:6860826

  2. The NEOUCOM Cooperative Cataloging Service: development and review of the first four years.

    PubMed

    Miller, D R

    1983-04-01

    The Basic Medical Sciences Library of the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM) provided a Cooperative Cataloging Service to fourteen of its affiliated hospitals' libraries since March 1978, using the OCLC system. Analysis of the first four years of service showed that the hospital libraries spent almost $30,000 to catalog more than 18,000 titles. Personnel expenses and other costs eclipsed the savings from a 31.3% duplication rate. Centralized bibliographic control control and the principal by-product of the service, a uniform, machine-related data base, provided the foundation for an on-line integrated library system to serve the consortium. The hospital libraries contributed 44% of the unique titles in this data base, which emphasis the need to share resources and continue cooperation. PMID:6860826

  3. The effectiveness of housing interventions and housing and service interventions on ending family homelessness: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Bassuk, Ellen L; DeCandia, Carmela J; Tsertsvadze, Alexander; Richard, Molly K

    2014-09-01

    Family homelessness has become a growing public health problem over the last 3 decades. Despite this trend, few studies have explored the effectiveness of housing interventions and housing and service interventions. The purpose of this systematic review is to appraise and synthesize evidence on effective interventions addressing family homelessness. We searched 10 major electronic databases from 2007 to 2013. Empirical studies investigating effectiveness of housing interventions and housing and service interventions for American homeless families regardless of publication status were eligible for inclusion. Outcomes included housing status, employment, parental trauma and mental health and substance use, children's behavioral and academic status, and family reunification. Study quality was appraised using the Effective Public Health Practice Project tool. Six studies were included in this review. Overall, there was some postintervention improvement in housing and employment, but ongoing residential and work stability were not achieved. Methodological limitations, poor reporting quality, and inconsistent definitions across outcomes hindered between-study comparisons. Substantial limitations in research underscore the insufficiency of our current knowledge base for ending homelessness. Although many families were no longer literally homeless, long-term residential stability and employment at a livable wage were not ensured. Developing and implementing evidence-based approaches for addressing homelessness are long overdue. PMID:25265216

  4. An integrative review and evidence-based conceptual model of the essential components of pre-service education

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background With decreasing global resources, a pervasive critical shortage of skilled health workers, and a growing disease burden in many countries, the need to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of pre-service education in low-and middle-income countries has never been greater. Methods We performed an integrative review of the literature to analyse factors contributing to quality pre-service education and created a conceptual model that shows the links between essential elements of quality pre-service education and desired outcomes. Results The literature contains a rich discussion of factors that contribute to quality pre-service education, including the following: (1) targeted recruitment of qualified students from rural and low-resource settings appears to be a particularly effective strategy for retaining students in vulnerable communities after graduation; (2) evidence supports a competency-based curriculum, but there is no clear evidence supporting specific curricular models such as problem-based learning; (3) the health workforce must be well prepared to address national health priorities; (4) the role of the preceptor and preceptors’ skills in clinical teaching, identifying student learning needs, assessing student learning, and prioritizing and time management are particularly important; (5) modern, Internet-enabled medical libraries, skills and simulation laboratories, and computer laboratories to support computer-aided instruction are elements of infrastructure meriting strong consideration; and (6) all students must receive sufficient clinical practice opportunities in high-quality clinical learning environments in order to graduate with the competencies required for effective practice. Few studies make a link between PSE and impact on the health system. Nevertheless, it is logical that the production of a trained and competent staff through high-quality pre-service education and continuing professional development activities is the foundation required to achieve the desired health outcomes. Professional regulation, deployment practices, workplace environment upon graduation and other service delivery contextual factors were analysed as influencing factors that affect educational outcomes and health impact. Conclusions Our model for pre-service education reflects the investments that must be made by countries into programmes capable of leading to graduates who are competent for the health occupations and professions at the time of their entry into the workforce. PMID:23984867

  5. Services for Graduate Students: A Review of Academic Library Web Sites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rempel, Hannah Gascho

    2010-01-01

    A library's Web site is well recognized as the gateway to the library for the vast majority of users. Choosing the most user-friendly Web architecture to reflect the many services libraries offer is a complex process, and librarians are still experimenting to find what works best for their users. As part of a redesign of the Oregon State…

  6. Providing an Equitable Service to Bilingual Children in the UK: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stow, Carol; Dodd, Barbara

    2003-01-01

    Background: The UK is a multicultural, multilingual society and the majority of paediatric speech and language therapists in England have at least one bilingual child on their caseload. There are many imperatives driving the profession to provide an equitable service for bilingual children. Evidence is beginning to emerge, however, that bilingual…

  7. Understanding Online Counseling Services through a Review of Definitions and Elements Necessary for Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, J. Michael; Guth, Lorraine J.

    In a relatively brief period of time, many clinicians and agencies have sought to use the World Wide Web as a means to access clients, impart information, advertise, or educate. Increasingly, counselors and other mental health professionals are seeking to provide or to supplement client services over the Internet. Unfortunately, amidst all the…

  8. 75 FR 43168 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Service...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ... of State Units on Aging (SUA), Area Agencies on Aging (AAA) and Local Service Providers (LSP). The... study that involves a brief pre-interview questionnaire followed by interviews with AAA directors and... those states three AAAs will be selected with the help of the SUA to represent a maximum range of...

  9. 76 FR 52735 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-23

    ..., Deputy Associate CIO, Enterprise Operations (MITS); Richard E. Byrd, Commissioner (W&I); Robin L. Canady...); Peter J. Stipek, Director, Customer Accounts Services (W&I); Keith V. Taylor, Director, Human Resources..., Director, Enterprise Collection Strategy (SB/ SE); Gregory E. Kane, Deputy Chief Financial Officer; Frank...

  10. 75 FR 51168 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    .... Carroll, Director, Customer Assistance, Relationships and Education (W&I) Debra C. Chew, Executive... Program Management Office (MITS) David A. Grant, Chief, Agency-Wide Shared Services Joseph H. Grant... Programs (SB/SE) Sarah Hall Ingram, Commissioner (TEGE) William H. Holmes, Project Director, Data...

  11. A Review of Selected Ecosystem Services Supplied by Coastal Wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes

    EPA Science Inventory

    Significant ecosystem services derive from the coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes even though they have undergone substantial declines since European settlement. Basin-wide, two-thirds of the original coastal wetlands have been lost, and the remaining 126,000 ha of US...

  12. Openness and Opportunities--Review of an Intermediary Service for Birth Relatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feast, Julia; Smith, Janet

    1995-01-01

    Evaluated four years of the Children's Society intermediary service for birth relatives through a survey of adopted adults. Examined specifically the impact of contact on the adopted person, adoptive parents, and birth relatives. Found that the majority of respondents felt that adopted adults should be given the opportunity to receive information…

  13. K-12 School Food Service Staff Training Interventions: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephens, Lacy; Shanks, Carmen Byker

    2015-01-01

    Background: School food service professionals are vital to implementing national nutrition standards in school meal programs. Appropriate and effective training for these professionals may be one key to producing healthful meals that students are excited to eat and also meet United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) nutrient guidelines. A…

  14. BOOK REVIEWS Charles C. Bullock and Michael J. Mahon. Introduction to Recreation Services for

    E-print Network

    Martin, Steven

    for People with Disabilities: A Person-centered Approach. Champaign, IL: Sagamore Publishing, 1997. 493 pp Services for People with Disabilities: A Person-centered Ap- proach is a new addition to the growing number with disabilities that students always seem to ® nd interesting in a macabre sort of way. Section II includes

  15. Training and deployment of lay refugee/internally displaced persons to provide basic health services in camps: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Ehiri, John E.; Gunn, Jayleen K.L.; Center, Katherine E.; Li, Ying; Rouhani, Mae; Ezeanolue, Echezona E.

    2014-01-01

    Background Training of lay refugees/internally displaced persons (IDPs) and deploying them to provide basic health services to other women, children, and families in camps is perceived to be associated with public health benefits. However, there is limited evidence to support this hypothesis. Objectives To assess the effects of interventions to train and deploy lay refugees and/or IDPs for the provision of basic health service to other women, children, and families in camps. Methods PubMed, Science and Social Science Citation Indices, PsycINFO, EMBASE, POPLINE, CINAHL, and reference lists of relevant articles were searched (from inception to June 30, 2014) with the aim of identifying studies that reported the effects of interventions that trained and deployed lay refugees and/or IDPs for the provision of basic health service to other women, children, and families in camps. Two investigators independently reviewed all titles and abstracts to identify potentially relevant articles. Discrepancies were resolved by repeated review, discussion, and consensus. Study quality assessment was undertaken using standard protocols. Results Ten studies (five cross-sectional, four pre-post, and one post-test only) conducted in Africa (Guinea and Tanzania), Central America (Belize), and Asia (Myanmar) were included. The studies demonstrated some positive impact on population health associated with training and deployment of trained lay refugees/IDPs as health workers in camps. Reported effects included increased service coverage, increased knowledge about disease symptoms and prevention, increased adoption of improved treatment seeking and protective behaviors, increased uptake of services, and improved access to reproductive health information. One study, which assessed the effect of peer refugee health education on sexual and reproductive health, did not demonstrate a marked reduction in unintended pregnancies among refugee/IDP women. Conclusion Although available evidence suggests a positive impact of training and deployment of lay refugees/IDPs as health workers in camps, existing body of evidence is weak, and calls for a re-examination of current practices. Interventions that promote training and deployment of lay refugees/IDPs as health workers in camps should include strong evaluation components in order to facilitate assessment of effects on population health. PMID:25280734

  16. Gender-Related Barriers and Delays in Accessing Tuberculosis Diagnostic and Treatment Services: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies

    PubMed Central

    Akande, Tokunbo; Shankar, Anita V.; McIntire, Katherine N.; Gounder, Celine R.; Gupta, Amita; Yang, Wei-Teng

    2014-01-01

    Background. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant global public health problem with known gender-related (male versus female) disparities. We reviewed the qualitative evidence (written/spoken narrative) for gender-related differences limiting TB service access from symptom onset to treatment initiation. Methods. Following a systematic process, we searched 12 electronic databases, included qualitative studies that assessed gender differences in accessing TB diagnostic and treatment services, abstracted data, and assessed study validity. Using a modified “inductive coding” system, we synthesized emergent themes within defined barriers and delays limiting access at the individual and provider/system levels and examined gender-related differences. Results. Among 13,448 studies, 28 studies were included. All were conducted in developing countries and assessed individual-level barriers; 11 (39%) assessed provider/system-level barriers, 18 (64%) surveyed persons with suspected or diagnosed TB, and 7 (25%) exclusively surveyed randomly sampled community members or health care workers. Each barrier affected both genders but had gender-variable nature and impact reflecting sociodemographic themes. Women experienced financial and physical dependence, lower general literacy, and household stigma, whereas men faced work-related financial and physical barriers and community-based stigma. Conclusions. In developing countries, barriers limiting access to TB care have context-specific gender-related differences that can inform integrated interventions to optimize TB services. PMID:24900921

  17. Inhaled hyaluronic acid as ancillary treatment in children with bacterial acute rhinopharyngitis.

    PubMed

    Varricchio, A; Capasso, M; Avvisati, F; Varricchio, A M; De Lucia, A; Brunese, F P; Ciprandi, G

    2014-01-01

    Acute rhinopharyngitis (ARP) is the most common upper respiratory infection in children and represents a social problem for both the pharmaco-economic impact and a burden for the family. Topical antibiotic therapy is usually effective in bacterial ARP, but ancillary treatment might improve its efficacy. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a promising molecule that has been recently proposed in upper respiratory disorders. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of ancillary HA treatment in children with bacterial ARP. Globally, 51 children (27 males, mean age 5.9 ± 2.1 years) with bacterial ARP were enrolled in the study. At baseline, children were randomly assigned to the treatment with: 125 mg of thiamphenicol diluted in 4 mL of saline isotonic solution twice daily (group A) or with 125 mg of thiamphenicol plus 4 ml of sodium hyaluronate 0.2% plus xylitol 5% (Aluneb, Sakura Italia) twice daily (group B) administered by the nasal device Rinowash (Airliquide Medical System, Italy) and connected to an aerosol nebulizer with pneumatic compressor (1.5 bar per 5 L/min) Nebula (Airliquide Medical System, Italy), for 10 days. sVAS, nasopharyngeal spotting, neutrophils and bacteria were assessed at baseline and after the treatment. Both treatments induced significant reduction of symptom perception, spotting, neutrophil and bacteria count. However, thiamphenicol plus HA was able to significantly induce a greater effect on sVAS (p=0.006), neutrophil count (p=0.01), and bacteria count (p=0.0003) than thiamphenicol alone. In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence that intranasal HA, as ancillary treatment, may be able to improve topical antibiotic efficacy in children with bacterial ARP. PMID:25316142

  18. Unbundling generation and transmission services for competitive electricity markets

    SciTech Connect

    Hirst, E.; Kirby, B.

    1998-01-01

    Ancillary services are those functions performed by the equipment and people that generate, control, and transmit electricity in support of the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) defined such services as those `necessary to support the transmission of electric power from seller to purchaser given the obligations of control areas and transmitting utilities within those control areas to maintain reliable operations of the interconnected transmission system.` The nationwide cost of ancillary services is about $12 billion a year, roughly 10% of the cost of the energy commodity. More important than the cost, however, is the necessity of these services for bulk-power reliability and for the support of commercial transactions. FERC`s landmark Order 888 included a pro forma tariff with provision for six key ancillary services. The Interconnected Operations Services Working Group identified another six services that it felt were essential to the operation of bulk-power systems. Several groups throughput the United States have created or are forming independent system operators, which will be responsible for reliability and commerce. To date, the electricity industry (including traditional vertically integrated utilities, distribution utilities, power markets and brokers, customers, and state and federal regulators) has paid insufficient attention to these services. Although the industry had made substantial progress in identifying and defining the key services, much remains to be doe to specify methods to measure the production, delivery, and consumption of these services; to identify the costs and cost-allocation factors for these services; and to develop market and operating rules for their provision and pricing. Developing metrics, determining costs, and setting pricing rules are important because most of these ancillary services are produced by the same pieces of equipment that produce the basic electricity commodity. Thus, the production of energy and ancillary services is highly interactive, sometimes complementary and sometimes competing. In contrast to today`s typical time-invariant, embedded-cost prices, competitive prices for ancillary services would vary with system loads and spot prices for energy.

  19. 77 FR 65248 - Senior Executive Service; Public Debt Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ... members of the Public Debt Performance Review Board (PRB) for the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD). The PRB... Commissioner/Executive Director and who are not assigned to the Office of the Commissioner in BPD. The PRB... (BPD) PRB: Primary Members Anita D. Shandor, Deputy Commissioner, Office of the Commissioner,...

  20. Resource Room and the Consulting Model for Servicing Low Achieving Students: A Review and Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Aria; And Others

    1992-01-01

    After reviewing the literature comparing resource room and consultation models for serving children with low achievement, this paper addresses six best practices: peer tutoring, direct instruction in basic skills, precision teaching, cooperative learning, computer-aided instruction, and applied behavior analysis. Teacher attitudes and behaviors…

  1. 76 FR 70703 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ... select SES board members, and an outside member(s) for the convening SES Performance Review Board each... Wells, Barry Wiggins, Sandra Barry Socks, Outside SES Member John Acton, Outside SES Member Barbara Pabotoy, Outside SES Member FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Melissa Jackson, (202) 712-1781....

  2. 75 FR 75502 - Appointments To Performance Review Boards for Senior Executive Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-03

    .... Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On October 26, 2010 (75 FR 65673), the NRC... FR 51261). This notice announces the appointment of Charles L. Miller to the Performance Review Board.... Collins, Jr., Regional Administrator, Region IV; Margaret M. Doane, Director, Office of...

  3. 77 FR 9731 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-17

    ... evaluate merit review applications: March 6--Aging and Neurodegenerative Disease. March 6-7--Brain Injury: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Stroke; Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic Rehabilitation; Psychological Health and.../Orthotics. March 7--Career Development Award Program. March 13--Spinal Cord Injury. March...

  4. 78 FR 18981 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Proposal to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-28

    ...Submission for OMB Review; Proposal to Lease Space, GSA Forms 1364A, 1364A-1, 1364B...collection requirement for Proposal to Lease Space, GSA Form 1364. The approval is requested...real estate taxes, adjustments for vacant space, and offerors' construction...

  5. 75 FR 77921 - Office of Administrative Services; Mandatory Declassification Review Address

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-14

    ... (National Archives and Records Administration) --Federal Register Notice 75 FR 707, ``Classified National Security Information'' (January 5, 2010) --Federal Register Notice 75 FR 37254, ``32 CFR Parts 2001 and... address to which written Mandatory Declassification Review (MDR) requests may be sent. This...

  6. 78 FR 9455 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-08

    .... Regenerative Medicine......... February 26-27, Paralyzed Veterans of 2013. America. Career Development Award..., reference to, and oral review of the research applications and critiques. During the closed potion of each... with 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(6) and (9)(B). No oral or written comments will be accepted from the public...

  7. Disturbance ecology and forest management: A review of the literature. Forest Service general technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, P.

    1996-06-01

    This review highlights recent work in a broad array of studies related to disturbance ecology. This publication is a resource for managers and researchers interested in disturbance theory, specific disturbance agents, their interactions, and appropriate methods of inquiry for specific geographic regions.

  8. 77 FR 18306 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Airline Service Quality Performance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-27

    ... (see 76 FR 41726). The proposed rule would require carriers to report, (1) the number of mishandled... Research & Innovative Technology Administration Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review.... DATES: Written comments should be submitted by May 29, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  9. 77 FR 67171 - Comprehensive Review of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-08

    ... construction, completing critical design review (CDR), and commencing physical construction. Section 25.164... relationship between satellite receive antenna gain pattern and gain- to-temperature ratio and saturation flux... provision to require applicants to submit antenna gain pattern contour diagrams for geostationary...

  10. Maximizing the science return of fly-by missions thanks to ancillary smallsats and cubesats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Poncy, J.; Couzin, P.; Billot, C.

    2013-09-01

    The multiplication of new targets in the distant reaches of our Solar System will keep the need for "New Horizons"-like fly-by missions alive, requiring innovative architectures to further enhance the science-to-cost ratio. Thales Alenia Space discusses here how a mid-sized spacecraft can be efficiently complemented by ancillary micro-satellites so as to provide for a considerably increased spatial and/or time coverage and probing of the magnetic field, gravitational field, atmosphere or exosphere of the targets.

  11. Review of In-Service Inspection and Repair Technique Developments for French Liquid Metal Fast Reactors

    SciTech Connect

    Baque, F.

    2005-04-15

    In-service monitoring of nuclear plants is indispensable for both the Operator and the Regulator. The notion of in-service monitoring ranges from the continuous monitoring of the reactor in operation to the thorough in-service reactor inspection during programmed shutdowns. However, the highly specific environment found in French liquid metal fast reactor plants - Phenix and Superphenix - makes monitoring and inspection complicated because of the use of a sodium coolant that is hot, opaque, and difficult to drain.The Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, in collaboration with its traditional French partners, Electricite de France utilities and FRAMATOME/Novatome Engineering, decided to conduct a 6-yr research and development program (1994-2000) to explore this problem vis-a-vis Superphenix, as well as the possibilities of intervening within the reactor block or on components in a sodium environment. Furthermore, the safety reevaluation of Phenix, conducted between 1994 and 2003, represented an excellent 'test bench' during which the limits of inspection processes - applied to an integrated reactor concept - were surpassed using techniques such as fuel subassembly head scanning, ultrasonic examination of the core support, and visual inspection of the cover-gas plenum following a partial sodium draining. Repair techniques were investigated for cleaning of sodium wet structure surfaces, cutting of damaged parts, and welding in sodium aerosol atmosphere. Both conventional and laser processes were tested.

  12. Monitoring basin-scale land cover changes in Kagera Basin of Lake Victoria using ancillary data and remote sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wasige, John E.; Groen, Thomas A.; Smaling, Eric; Jetten, Victor

    2013-04-01

    The Kagera Basin is a high value ecosystem in the Lake Victoria watershed because of the hydrological and food services it provides. The basin has faced large scale human induced land use and land cover changes (LUCC), but quantitative data is to date lacking. A combination of ancillary data and satellite imagery were interpreted to construct LUCC dynamics for the last century. This study is an initial step towards assessing the impact of LUCC on sustainable agriculture and water quality in the watershed. The results show that large trends of LUCC have rapidly occurred over the last 100 years. The most dominant LUCC processes were gains in farmland areas (not detectable in 1901 to 60% in 2010) and a net reduction in dense forest (7% to 2.6%), woodlands (51% to 6.9%) and savannas (35% to 19.6%) between 1901 and 2010. Forest degradation rapidly occurred during 1974 and 1995 but the forest re-grew between 1995 and 2010 due to forest conservation efforts. Afforestation efforts have resulted in plantation forest increases between 1995 and 2010. The rates of LUCC observed are higher than those reported in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and other parts of the world. This is one of the few studies in SSA at a basin scale that combines multi-source spatio-temporal data on land cover to enable long-term quantification of land cover changes. In the discussion we address future research needs for the area based on the results of this study. These research needs include quantifying the impacts of land cover change on nutrient and sediment dynamics, soil organic carbon stocks, and changes in biodiversity.

  13. Effectiveness of Mechanisms and Models of Coordination between Organizations, Agencies and Bodies Providing or Financing Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Akl, Elie A.; El-Jardali, Fadi; Bou Karroum, Lama; El-Eid, Jamale; Brax, Hneine; Akik, Chaza; Osman, Mona; Hassan, Ghayda; Itani, Mira; Farha, Aida; Pottie, Kevin; Oliver, Sandy

    2015-01-01

    Background Effective coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services in humanitarian crises is required to ensure efficiency of services, avoid duplication, and improve equity. The objective of this review was to assess how, during and after humanitarian crises, different mechanisms and models of coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services compare in terms of access to health services and health outcomes. Methods We registered a protocol for this review in PROSPERO International prospective register of systematic reviews under number PROSPERO2014:CRD42014009267. Eligible studies included randomized and nonrandomized designs, process evaluations and qualitative methods. We electronically searched Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the WHO Global Health Library and websites of relevant organizations. We followed standard systematic review methodology for the selection, data abstraction, and risk of bias assessment. We assessed the quality of evidence using the GRADE approach. Results Of 14,309 identified citations from databases and organizations' websites, we identified four eligible studies. Two studies used mixed-methods, one used quantitative methods, and one used qualitative methods. The available evidence suggests that information coordination between bodies providing health services in humanitarian crises settings may be effective in improving health systems inputs. There is additional evidence suggesting that management/directive coordination such as the cluster model may improve health system inputs in addition to access to health services. None of the included studies assessed coordination through common representation and framework coordination. The evidence was judged to be of very low quality. Conclusion This systematic review provides evidence of possible effectiveness of information coordination and management/directive coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services in humanitarian crises. Our findings can inform the research agenda and highlight the need for improving conduct and reporting of research in this field. PMID:26332670

  14. 75 FR 13763 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; GSA Form 1217...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...Under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), the Regulatory Secretariat will be submitting to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a request to review and approve a new information collection requirement regarding Lessor's Annual Cost Statement. A request for public comments was published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 63704, on December 4, 2009.......

  15. 75 FR 82029 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; GSA Form 1217...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ...Under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), the Regulatory Secretariat will be submitting to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a request to review and approve a new information collection requirement regarding Lessor's Annual Cost Statement. A request for public comments was published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 63704, on December 4, 2009.......

  16. Calorie menu labeling on quick-service restaurant menus: an updated systematic review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Nutrition labels are one strategy being used to combat the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 mandates that calorie labels be added to menu boards of chain restaurants with 20 or more locations. This systematic review includes seven studies published since the last review on the topic in 2008. Authors searched for peer-reviewed studies using PUBMED and Google Scholar. Included studies used an experimental or quasi-experimental design comparing a calorie-labeled menu with a no-calorie menu and were conducted in laboratories, college cafeterias, and fast food restaurants. Two of the included studies were judged to be of good quality, and five of were judged to be of fair quality. Observational studies conducted in cities after implementation of calorie labeling were imprecise in their measure of the isolated effects of calorie labels. Experimental studies conducted in laboratory settings were difficult to generalize to real world behavior. Only two of the seven studies reported a statistically significant reduction in calories purchased among consumers using calorie-labeled menus. The current evidence suggests that calorie labeling does not have the intended effect of decreasing calorie purchasing or consumption. PMID:22152038

  17. Access to Emissions Distributions and Related Ancillary Data through the ECCAD database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darras, Sabine; Granier, Claire; Liousse, Catherine; Enriquez, Edgar; Boulanger, Damien; Mieville, Aude

    2015-04-01

    The ECCAD (Emissions of atmospheric Compounds & Compilation of Ancillary Data) database provides a user-friendly access to global and regional surface emissions for a large set of chemical compounds and ancillary data (land use, active fires, burned areas, population, etc.) at a 0.5x0.5 or 1x1 degree resolution. ECCAD is the emissions database of the GEIA (Global Emissions InitiAtive) project and a sub-project of the French Atmospheric Chemistry Data Centre Ether (CNES and CNRS). ECCAD has currently more than 1700 users originating from more than 70 countries. The project benefits from this large international community of users to expand the number of emission datasets available. ECCAD provides detailed metadata for each of the datasets and various tools for data visualization, for computing global and regional totals and for interactive spatial and temporal analysis. The data can be downloaded as interoperable NetCDF CF-compliant files, i.e. the data are compatible with many other client interfaces. ECCAD will soon allow to handle any resolution grid and geographical coverage. The presentation will provide information on the datasets available within ECCAD, as well as examples of the analysis work that can be done online through the website: http://eccad.pole-ether.fr eccad@sedoo.fr.

  18. Functional Association of Catalytic and Ancillary Modules Dictates Enzymatic Activity in Glycoside Hydrolase Family 43 ?-Xylosidase*

    PubMed Central

    Moraïs, Sarah; Salama-Alber, Orly; Barak, Yoav; Hadar, Yitzhak; Wilson, David B.; Lamed, Raphael; Shoham, Yuval; Bayer, Edward A.

    2012-01-01

    ?-Xylosidases are hemicellulases that hydrolyze short xylo-oligosaccharides into xylose units, thus complementing endoxylanase degradation of the hemicellulose component of lignocellulosic substrates. Here, we describe the cloning, characterization, and kinetic analysis of a glycoside hydrolase family 43 ?-xylosidase (Xyl43A) from the aerobic cellulolytic bacterium, Thermobifida fusca. Temperature and pH optima of 55–60 °C and 5.5–6, respectively, were determined. The apparent Km value was 0.55 mm, using p-nitrophenyl xylopyranoside as substrate, and the catalytic constant (kcat) was 6.72 s?1. T. fusca Xyl43A contains a catalytic module at the N terminus and an ancillary module (termed herein as Module-A) of undefined function at the C terminus. We expressed the two recombinant modules independently in Escherichia coli and examined their remaining catalytic activity and binding properties. The separation of the two Xyl43A modules caused the complete loss of enzymatic activity, whereas potent binding to xylan was fully maintained in the catalytic module and partially in the ancillary Module-A. Nondenaturing gel electrophoresis revealed a specific noncovalent coupling of the two modules, thereby restoring enzymatic activity to 66.7% (relative to the wild-type enzyme). Module-A contributes a phenylalanine residue that functions as an essential part of the active site, and the two juxtaposed modules function as a single functional entity. PMID:22270362

  19. Wackenhut Services, Incorporated: Report from the DOE Voluntary Protection Program onsite review, August 10--14, 1998

    SciTech Connect

    1999-05-01

    This report summarizes the Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program (DOE-VPP) Review Team`s findings from the five-day onsite evaluation of Wackenhut Services, Inc. (WSI) at Savannah River Site (SRS), conducted August 10-14, 1998. The site was evaluated against the program requirements contained in US Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program, Part 1: Program Elements to determine its success in implementing the five DOE-VPP tenets. The Team determined that WSI has met in varying degrees, all the tenets of the DOE-VPP. In every case, WSI programs and procedures exceed the level or degree necessary for compliance with existing standards, DOE Orders, and guidelines. In addition, WSI has systematically integrated their occupational safety and health (OSH) program into management and work practices at all levels. WSI`s efforts toward implementing the five major DOE-VPP tenets are summarized.

  20. The British National Health Service 1948–2008: A Review of the Historiography

    PubMed Central

    Gorsky, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Summary This article surveys historical writing on the British National Health Service since its inception in 1948. Its main focus is on policy-making and organisation and its principal concerns are primary care and the hospital sector, although public health, and psychiatric and geriatric care are briefly discussed. The over-arching narrative is one of transition from paternalism and technocratic planning to market disciplines and a discourse of choice, and of the ceding of professional autonomy by clinicians to managers and to the state. These issues are discussed in a chronological survey of policy-making from Bevan's ‘creation’ to the Blair era. Later sections consider evaluations of the service, starting with Webster's thesis that the NHS has been subject to prolonged under-funding, particularly under Conservative stewardship, then moving to assessments of the Thatcher, Major and Blair reforms. Much of the historical literature on the NHS is contentious and opinions are sharply divided on the reform era since the 1970s and the trajectories this has set for the future.

  1. Patient Receptivity to Tobacco Cessation Counseling and Services in a Dental Teaching Institute: A Patient Review

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Pavan Uday; Vivek, S; Chandrasekhar, Thatimatla; Parimi, Nalini; Praveen, B H; Lingaraj, Sunil

    2015-01-01

    Background: The dentists are in a unique position to render tobacco cessation counseling to their patients. The current study is set to assess the attitudes of tobacco users toward tobacco cessation counseling attending a dental teaching institute and hospital in Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A systematic random sampling method was used to select the sample. Survey was conducted among 660 patients attending a dental teaching institute. Patients who have completed oral examination in the department of oral medicine and radiology were asked to complete pretested questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed in both English and Telugu (local language). Results: Among the study subjects 88.9% were planning to quit the habit, 72.27% had agreed that they discussed about ill-effects of tobacco, 82% of the subjects said that dentist should routinely offer quit tobacco assistance and services. Conclusion: The present study indicates the majority of patients are receptive towards tobacco counseling and services in the dental setting. In this study, the majority of tobacco users were planning to quit. Majority of patients were unaware of the resources available to help them to quit. Dentists have a significant opportunity to disseminate information to patients who need assistance in quitting the habit of tobacco usage. PMID:25709362

  2. The existing therapeutic interventions for orgasmic disorders: recommendations for culturally competent services, narrative review

    PubMed Central

    Salmani, Zahra; Zargham-Boroujeni, Ali; Salehi, Mehrdad; K.Killeen, Therese; Merghati-Khoei, Effat

    2015-01-01

    Background: In recent years, a growing number of interventions for treatment of female orgasmic problems (FODs) have emerged. Whereas orgasm is a extra biologically and learnable experience, there is a need for practitioners that to be able to select which therapy is the most appropriate to their context. Objective: In this critical literature review, we aimed to assess areas of controversy in the existing therapeutic interventions in FOD with taking into accounted the Iranian cultural models. Materials and Methods: For the present study, we conducted an extensive search of electronic databases using a comprehensive search strategy from 1970 till 2014. This strategy was using Google Scholar search, “pearl-growing” techniques and by hand-searching key guidelines, to identify distinct interventions to women's orgasmic problem therapy. We utilized various key combinations of words such as:" orgasm" OR "orgasmic "," female orgasmic dysfunction" OR Female anorgasmia OR Female Orgasmic Disorder ", orgasmic dysfunction AND treatment, “orgasm AND intervention”. Selection criteria in order to be included in this review, studies were required to: 1 employ clinical-based interventions, 2 focus on FOD. Results: The majority of interventions (90%) related to non-pharmacological and other were about pharmacological interventions. Self-direct masturbation is suggested as the most privilege treatment in FOD. Reviewing all therapies indicates couple therapy, sexual skill training and sex therapy seem to be more appropriate to be applied in Iranian clinical settings. Conclusion: Since many therapeutic interventions are introduced to inform sexually-related practices, it is important to select an intervention that will be culturally appropriate and sensitive to norms and values. Professionals working in the fields of health and sexuality need to be sensitive and apply culturally appropriate therapies for Iranian population. We further suggest community well defined protocols to screen, assessment and management of women’ sexual problems such as FOD in the Iranian settings. PMID:26494987

  3. Microturbine Power Conversion Technology Review

    SciTech Connect

    Staunton, R.H.

    2003-07-21

    In this study, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is performing a technology review to assess the market for commercially available power electronic converters that can be used to connect microturbines to either the electric grid or local loads. The intent of the review is to facilitate an assessment of the present status of marketed power conversion technology to determine how versatile the designs are for potentially providing different services to the grid based on changes in market direction, new industry standards, and the critical needs of the local service provider. The project includes data gathering efforts and documentation of the state-of-the-art design approaches that are being used by microturbine manufacturers in their power conversion electronics development and refinement. This project task entails a review of power converters used in microturbines sized between 20 kW and 1 MW. The power converters permit microturbine generators, with their non-synchronous, high frequency output, to interface with the grid or local loads. The power converters produce 50- to 60-Hz power that can be used for local loads or, using interface electronics, synchronized for connection to the local feeder and/or microgrid. The power electronics enable operation in a stand-alone mode as a voltage source or in grid-connect mode as a current source. Some microturbines are designed to automatically switch between the two modes. The information obtained in this data gathering effort will provide a basis for determining how close the microturbine industry is to providing services such as voltage regulation, combined control of both voltage and current, fast/seamless mode transfers, enhanced reliability, reduced cost converters, reactive power supply, power quality, and other ancillary services. Some power quality improvements will require the addition of storage devices; therefore, the task should also determine what must be done to enable the power conversion circuits to accept a varying dc voltage source. The study will also look at technical issues pertaining to the interconnection and coordinated/compatible operation of multiple microturbines. It is important to know today if modifications to provide improved operation and additional services will entail complete redesign, selected component changes, software modifications, or the addition of power storage devices. This project is designed to provide a strong technical foundation for determining present technical needs and identifying recommendations for future work.

  4. Choice architecture as a means to change eating behaviour in self-service settings: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Skov, L R; Lourenço, S; Hansen, G L; Mikkelsen, B E; Schofield, C

    2013-03-01

    The primary objective of this review was to investigate the current evidence base for the use of choice architecture as a means to change eating behaviour in self-service eating settings, hence potentially reduce calorie intake. Twelve databases were searched systematically for experimental studies with predefined choice architecture interventions in the period of June 2011-March 2012. The 12 included studies were grouped according to type of interventions and underwent a narrative synthesis. The evidence indicates that (i) health labelling at point of purchase is associated with healthier food choice, while (ii) manipulating the plate and cutlery size has an inconclusive effect on consumption volume. Finally, (iii) assortment manipulation and (iv) payment option manipulation was associated with healthier food choices. The majority of studies were of very weak quality and future research should emphasize a real-life setting and compare their results with the effect of other more well-established interventions on food behaviour in self-service eating settings. PMID:23164089

  5. A systematic review of the predictors of health service utilisation by adults with mental disorders in the UK

    PubMed Central

    Twomey, Conal D; Baldwin, David S; Hopfe, Maren; Cieza, Alarcos

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To identify variables that predict health service utilisation (HSU) by adults with mental disorders in the UK, and to determine the evidence level for these predictors. Design A narrative synthesis of peer-reviewed studies published after the year 2000. The search was conducted using four databases (ie, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus with full text, MEDLINE and EMBASE) and completed on 25 March 2014. Setting The majority of included studies were set in health services across primary, secondary, specialist and inpatient care. Some studies used data from household and postal surveys. Participants Included were UK-based studies that predicted HSU by adults with mental disorders. Participants had a range of mental disorders including psychotic disorders, personality disorders, depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders and dementia. Primary outcome A wide range of HSU outcomes were examined, including general practitioner (GP) contacts, medication usage, psychiatrist contacts, psychotherapy attendances, inpatient days, accident and emergency admissions and ‘total HSU’. Results Taking into account study quality, 28 studies identified a range of variables with good preliminary evidence supporting their ability to predict HSU. Of these variables, comorbidity, personality disorder, age (heterogeneous age ranges), neurotic symptoms, female gender, a marital status of divorced, separated or widowed, non-white ethnicity, high previous HSU and activities of daily living, were associated with increased HSU. Moreover, good preliminary evidence was found for associations of accessing a primary care psychological treatment service and medication use with decreased HSU. Conclusions The findings can inform decisions about which variables might be used to derive mental health clusters in ‘payment by results’ systems in the UK. The findings also support the need to investigate whether combining broad diagnoses with care pathways is an effective method for mental health clustering, and the need for research to further examine the association between mental health clusters and HSU. PMID:26150142

  6. Barriers to access and minority ethnic carers' satisfaction with social care services in the community: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative literature

    PubMed Central

    Greenwood, Nan; Habibi, Ruth; Smith, Raymond; Manthorpe, Jill

    2015-01-01

    As populations age, the numbers of carers overall and numbers of carers from minority ethnic groups in particular are rising. Evidence suggests that carers from all sections of the community and particularly carers from minority groups often fail to access care services. This may relate to barriers in accessing services and service dissatisfaction. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and summarise minority ethnic carers' perceptions of barriers to accessing community social care services and their satisfaction with these services if accessed. The following databases were searched from their start until July 2013: Social Care Online, Social Policy and Research, Scopus, PsychINFO, HMIC, ASSIA, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Plus and AMED. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Most investigated either barriers to access or satisfaction levels, although three explored both. Only 4 studies investigated minority ethnic carers' satisfaction with social care, although 12 studies reported perceived barriers to accessing services. Few studies compared minority ethnic carers' perceptions with majority ethnic groups, making it difficult to identify issues specific to minority groups. Most barriers described were potentially relevant to all carers, irrespective of ethnic group. They included attitudinal barriers such as not wanting to involve outsiders or not seeing the need for services and practical barriers such as low awareness of services and service availability. Issues specific to minority ethnic groups included language barriers and concerns about services' cultural or religious appropriateness. Studies investigating satisfaction with services reported a mixture of satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Barriers common to all groups should not be underestimated and a better understanding of the relationship between perceived barriers to accessing services and dissatisfaction with services is needed before the experiences of all carers can be improved. PMID:25135207

  7. Introduction of Electronic Referral from Community Associated with More Timely Review by Secondary Services

    PubMed Central

    Warren, J.; White, S.; Day, K.J.; Gu, Y.; Pollock, M.

    2011-01-01

    Background Electronic referral (eReferral) from community into public secondary healthcare services was introduced to 30 referring general medical practices and 28 hospital based services in late 2007. Objectives To measure the extent of uptake of eReferral and its association with changes in referral processing. Methods Analysis of transactional data from the eReferral message service and the patient information management system of the affected hospital; interview of clinical, operational and management stakeholders. Results eReferral use rose steadily to 1000 transactions per month in 2008, thereafter showing moderate growth to 1200 per month in 2010. Rate of eReferral from the community in 2010 is estimated at 56% of total referrals to the hospital from general practice, and as 71% of referrals from those having done at least one referral electronically. Referral latency from letter date to hospital triage improves significantly from 2007 to 2009 (p<0.001), from a paper referral median of 8 days (inter-quartile range, IQR: 4–14) in 2007 to an eReferral median of 5 days (IQR: 2–9) and paper referral median of 6 days (IQR: 2–12) in 2009. Specialists upgrade the referrer-assigned eReferral priority in 19.2% of cases and downgrade it 18.6% of the time. Clinical users appreciate improvement of referral visibility (status and content access); however, both general practitioners and specialists point out system usability issues. Discussion With eReferrals, a referral’s status can be checked, and its content read, by any authorized user at any time. The period of eReferral uptake was associated with significant speed-up in referral processing without changes in staffing levels. The eReferral system provides a foundation for further innovation in the community-secondary interface, such as electronic decision support and shared care planning systems. Conclusions We observed substantial rapid voluntary uptake of eReferrals associated with faster, more reliable and more transparent referral processing. PMID:23616895

  8. The Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level: A review of recent updates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matthews, A. P.; Bradshaw, E.; Gordon, K. M.; Holgate, S. J.; Jevrejeva, S.; Rickards, L. J.; Tamisiea, M. E.; Woodworth, P. L.

    2012-04-01

    The Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) is the internationally recognised global sea level databank for long term sea level change information from tide gauges. Established in 1933, the PSMSL continues to be responsible for the collection, publication, analysis and interpretation of sea level data. The PSMSL is in the process of joining the recently formed ICSU World Data System (WDS), the successor to the Federation of Astronomical and Geophysical Data Analysis Services, of which the PSMSL was a member for many years. Membership of the WDS requires the PSMSL to meet criteria covering policies, organisational framework, management of data, metadata, services and technical infrastructure. The PSMSL continues to have close links with the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission's Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS). Currently the PSMSL databank of monthly and annual mean sea level data holds around 61,500 station years from over 2100 stations and in the region of 200 authorities worldwide. Data undergo careful quality control, including ensuring year to year continuity, before addition to the databank. Where possible, data is reduced to a common datum for time series analysis. Here, we present an analysis of the present state of the PSMSL and GLOSS data holdings, describing some of the recent improvements in the catalogue and highlighting some of the geographic regions where data coverage remains poor. We also describe recent efforts to improve interoperability with providers of other data of interest to the sea level community. The PSMSL have worked to link our stations with those of the Système d'Observation du Niveau des Eaux Littorales (SONEL), the University of Hawaii Sea Level Center (UHSLC) and the Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ). This will enable users of the PSMSL website to discover high frequency sea level and GPS records at or near PSMSL stations. Finally, we introduce some products planned to be added to the PSMSL website in the near future. These will allow visitors to the website to explore and download data from the PSMSL catalogue using the Google Maps Javascript API.

  9. Music therapy for service users with dementia: a critical review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Blackburn, R; Bradshaw, T

    2014-12-01

    Dementia is an organic mental health problem that has been estimated to affect over 23 million people worldwide. With increasing life expectancy in most countries, it has been estimated that the prevalence of dementia will continue to significantly increase in the next two decades. Dementia leads to cognitive impairments most notably short-term memory loss and impairments in functioning and quality of life (QOL). National policy in the UK advocates the importance of early diagnosis, treatment and social inclusion in maintaining a good QOL. First-line treatment options often involve drug therapies aimed at slowing down the progression of the illness and antipsychotic medication to address challenging behaviours. To date, research into non-pharmacological interventions has been limited. In this manuscript, we review the literature that has reported evaluations of the effects of music therapy, a non-pharmacological intervention. The results of six studies reviewed suggest that music therapy may have potential benefits in reducing anxiety, depression and agitated behaviour displayed by elderly people with dementia as well as improving cognitive functioning and QOL. Furthermore, music therapy is a safe and low-cost intervention that could potentially be offered by mental health nurses and other carers working in residential settings. PMID:25303405

  10. Implementation factors and their effect on e-Health service adoption in rural communities: a systematic literature review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background An ageing population is seen as a threat to the quality of life and health in rural communities, and it is often assumed that e-Health services can address this issue. As successful e-Health implementation in organizations has proven difficult, this systematic literature review considers whether this is so for rural communities. This review identifies the critical implementation factors and, following the change model of Pettigrew and Whipp, classifies them in terms of “context”, “process”, and “content”. Through this lens, we analyze the empirical findings found in the literature to address the question: How do context, process, and content factors of e-Health implementation influence its adoption in rural communities? Methods We conducted a systematic literature review. This review included papers that met six inclusion and exclusion criteria and had sufficient methodological quality. Findings were categorized in a classification matrix to identify promoting and restraining implementation factors and to explore whether any interactions between context, process, and content affect adoption. Results Of the 5,896 abstracts initially identified, only 51 papers met all our criteria and were included in the review. We distinguished five different perspectives on rural e-Health implementation in these papers. Further, we list the context, process, and content implementation factors found to either promote or restrain rural e-Health adoption. Many implementation factors appear repeatedly, but there are also some contradictory results. Based on a further analysis of the papers’ findings, we argue that interaction effects between context, process, and content elements of change may explain these contradictory results. More specifically, three themes that appear crucial in e-Health implementation in rural communities surfaced: the dual effects of geographical isolation, the targeting of underprivileged groups, and the changes in ownership required for sustainable e-Health adoption. Conclusions Rural e-Health implementation is an emerging, rapidly developing, field. Too often, e-Health adoption fails due to underestimating implementation factors and their interactions. We argue that rural e-Health implementation only leads to sustainable adoption (i.e. it “sticks”) when the implementation carefully considers and aligns the e-Health content (the “clicks”), the pre-existing structures in the context (the “bricks”), and the interventions in the implementation process (the “tricks”). PMID:23311452

  11. Cost accounting models used for price-setting of health services: an international review.

    PubMed

    Raulinajtys-Grzybek, Monika

    2014-12-01

    The aim of the article was to present and compare cost accounting models which are used in the area of healthcare for pricing purposes in different countries. Cost information generated by hospitals is further used by regulatory bodies for setting or updating prices of public health services. The article presents a set of examples from different countries of the European Union, Australia and the United States and concentrates on DRG-based payment systems as they primarily use cost information for pricing. Differences between countries concern the methodology used, as well as the data collection process and the scope of the regulations on cost accounting. The article indicates that the accuracy of the calculation is only one of the factors that determine the choice of the cost accounting methodology. Important aspects are also the selection of the reference hospitals, precise and detailed regulations and the existence of complex healthcare information systems in hospitals. PMID:25082465

  12. Literature review: Afghanistan women's health crisis, health service delivery, and ethical issues for international aid.

    PubMed

    Turner, Helen

    2006-09-01

    The literature indicates that the health of women in Afghanistan is poor. In 1997 maternal mortality in Afghanistan was one of the worst in the world. Difficulties in establishing health services revolve around fundamentalist Islamic ideas and ongoing violence within Afghanistan. The literature holds advice on key behaviours for health professionals who may chose to work in Afghanistan. The literature also identifies the local level action that is occurring as the issue of women's health is recognised. Humanitarian assistance has been provided, with international aid agencies having to weigh the ethical responsibilities they hold and one agency tragically facing the violent loss of its own staff. Easy answers are not in the literature, merely an opportunity to understand, consider, and take action about what is facing women in Afghanistan and those who try to help. PMID:16893809

  13. Wheelchair interventions, services and provision for disabled children: a mixed-method systematic review and conceptual framework

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Wheelchairs for disabled children (?18 years) can provide health, developmental and social benefits. World Health Organisation and United Kingdom Government reports demonstrate the need for improved access to wheelchairs both locally and internationally. The use of health economics within this field is lacking. Provision of wheelchairs based on cost-effectiveness evidence is not currently possible. We conducted the first systematic review in this field to incorporate evidence of effectiveness, service user perspectives, policy intentions and cost-effectiveness in order to develop a conceptual framework to inform future research and service development. Methods We used an adapted EPPI-Centre mixed-method systematic review design with narrative summary, thematic and narrative synthesis. 11 databases were searched. Studies were appraised for quality using one of seven appropriate tools. A conceptual framework was developed from synthesised evidence. Results 22 studies and 14 policies/guidelines were included. Powered wheelchairs appear to offer benefits in reduced need for caregiver assistance; improved communicative, personal-social and cognitive development; and improved mobility function and independent movement. From 14 months of age children can learn some degree of powered wheelchair driving competence. However, effectiveness evidence was limited and low quality. Children and parents placed emphasis on improving social skill and independence. Participation in wider society and development of meaningful relationships were key desired outcomes. Policy intentions and aspirations are in line with the perspectives of children and parents, although translation of policy recommendations into practice is lacking. Conclusions There is a distinct lack of high quality effectiveness and economic evidence in this field. Social and health needs should be seen as equally important when assessing the mobility needs of disabled children. Disabled children and parents placed highest priority on independence and psychosocial outcomes of wheelchair interventions. Translation of policy and guidelines into practice is lacking and more effective implementation strategies are required to improve services and outcomes. Future research should focus on outcome measure development, developing economic evaluation tools and incorporating these into high quality studies to address known research gaps. The novel conceptual framework maps current gaps in evidence and outlines areas for development. PMID:25034517

  14. A critical review of studies of the association between demands for hospital services and air pollution.

    PubMed Central

    Lipfert, F W

    1993-01-01

    Studies of the associations between air pollution and hospital admissions and emergency room use are reviewed, including studies of air pollution episodes, time-series analyses, and cross-sectional analyses. These studies encompass a variety of methods of analysis and levels of air quality. Findings from all three types of studies were generally consistent in that almost all of the studies reviewed found statistically significant associations between hospital use and air pollution; this unanimity may have resulted in part from publication bias. These associations were characterized by elasticities of the order of 0.20; i.e., a 100% change in air pollution was associated with a change in hospital use of about 20%, for specific diagnoses. Respiratory diagnoses were emphasized by most studies; cardiac diagnoses were included in five of them. The air pollutants most often associated with changes in hospital use were particulate matter, sulfur oxides, and oxidants. Apart from the major air pollution episodes, there was no obvious link between air pollution level and the significance or magnitudes of the associations. Long-term indicators of hospitalization appeared to also be influenced by medical care supply factors, including the numbers of beds and physicians per capita. These nonpathological causal factors could also have influenced the findings of the time-series studies by introducing extraneous factors in the patterns of admissions. Although consistent associations have been shown between hospital use and air pollution, further research is required to distinguish among potentially responsible pollutants and to deduce specific dose-response relationships of general utility. PMID:8243395

  15. Utilization of Ancillary Data Sets for Conceptual SMAP Mission Algorithm Development and Product Generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    O'Neill, P.; Podest, E.

    2011-01-01

    The planned Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission is one of the first Earth observation satellites being developed by NASA in response to the National Research Council's Decadal Survey, Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond [1]. Scheduled to launch late in 2014, the proposed SMAP mission would provide high resolution and frequent revisit global mapping of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state, utilizing enhanced Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) mitigation approaches to collect new measurements of the hydrological condition of the Earth's surface. The SMAP instrument design incorporates an L-band radar (3 km) and an L band radiometer (40 km) sharing a single 6-meter rotating mesh antenna to provide measurements of soil moisture and landscape freeze/thaw state [2]. These observations would (1) improve our understanding of linkages between the Earth's water, energy, and carbon cycles, (2) benefit many application areas including numerical weather and climate prediction, flood and drought monitoring, agricultural productivity, human health, and national security, (3) help to address priority questions on climate change, and (4) potentially provide continuity with brightness temperature and soil moisture measurements from ESA's SMOS (Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity) and NASA's Aquarius missions. In the planned SMAP mission prelaunch time frame, baseline algorithms are being developed for generating (1) soil moisture products both from radiometer measurements on a 36 km grid and from combined radar/radiometer measurements on a 9 km grid, and (2) freeze/thaw products from radar measurements on a 3 km grid. These retrieval algorithms need a variety of global ancillary data, both static and dynamic, to run the retrieval models, constrain the retrievals, and provide flags for indicating retrieval quality. The choice of which ancillary dataset to use for a particular SMAP product would be based on a number of factors, including its availability and ease of use, its inherent error and resulting impact on the overall soil moisture or freeze/thaw retrieval accuracy, and its compatibility with similar choices made by the SMOS mission. All decisions regarding SMAP ancillary data sources would be fully documented by the SMAP Project and made available to the user community.

  16. Review of evolution of clinical, training and educational services and research program for autism spectrum disorders in Hong Kong.

    PubMed

    Wong, Virginia Chun-Nei; Fung, Cheuk-Wing; Lee, So-Lun; Wong, Polly Tsz Yan

    2015-10-01

    The evolution of a local fragmented model of services for children with autism in Hong Kong emerged gradually over the past three decades with lack of government funding or support. This had been due to increasing number of children with autism being detected and referred for earlier assessment. With increasing pressure from parents due to long waiting time for assessment and training services and the increasing polarization by mass media there had been a gradual increasing public awareness over the past five years. Though still highly fragmented in the availability of services, there is a growing "business model" available in the community due to increasing need and lack of public funding for support. There is a lack of strategic planning for medical diagnostic and management issues in Hong Kong. Our University of Hong Kong based Autism Research Program was pioneered in 1985 based on the increasing load of autism cases referred for assessment for other developmental problems and diagnosed as Autism in the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital. As the first author has been the staff of the University of Hong Kong, this program flourished as a research based program. The benefits of early identification and intervention of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) had been increasingly recognized, and with the increased public awareness and increasing trend of earlier diagnosis, there has been a continuously high demand from parents for earlier assessment and training for children suspected to have ASD. This model had not received extra funding for this integrated program for research, teaching and training in autism. We had to apply for various donations and grants to support the development of this pioneer program. The research output and organization of forums for public education and awareness are reviewed. The latter part of the paper reports the summary of clinical profile of autism cases (N=1441) assessed from 1985 to 2010 June under the University of Hong Kong. As the waiting time for initial developmental assessment for any children in Hong Kong is 12-24 months, we also report our preliminary experience with a newly launched triaging service provision for children suspected to be ASD since 2009, including multi-disciplinary assessment and parallel interim training in our university affiliated child assessment centre in Hong (N=89). PMID:26335731

  17. Aberdeen Area Indian Health Service Environmental Health Program Review Conducted by: Indian Health Committee of the National Environmental Health Association (Aberdeen, South Dakota, May 23-27, 1977).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Aberdeen, SD. Aberdeen Area Office.

    The Indian Health Committee met in Aberdeen, South Dakota, during the week of May 23, 1977 to (1) review the environmental health services provided to the tribal units on the 15 Indian reservations located in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Iowa, and (2) make recommendations for improvement or expansion of current programs, if needed. The…

  18. Reference Reviewed and Re-Envisioned: Revamping Librarian and Desk-Centric Services with LibStARs and LibAnswers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Christy R.

    2013-01-01

    The first section of this article reviews the literature on the changing face of reference, beginning with a discussion of the national decline in reference transactions, its causes, and the likelihood that online reference services might one day halt or reverse the decline. It then analyzes definitions of the term "reference," pointing to a…

  19. Evidence based mental healthcare and service innovation: review of concepts and challenges.

    PubMed

    Kouimtsidis, Ch; John-Smith, St; Kemp, P; Ikkos, G

    2013-01-01

    Health provision systems in the developed western nations are currently facing major financial challenges. In order to meet these challenges, a number of new approaches used to assist the provision of health have been introduced, including the practice of health professionals. These approaches utilize specific methods of data capture and summarization such as: evidence based medicine (EBM) and practice guidelines. Evidence is generated from systematic clinical research as well as reported clinical experience and individually case based empirical evidence. All types of research though (quantitative or qualitative) have limitations. Similarly all types of evidence have advantages and disadvantages and can be complimentary to each other. Evidencebased individual decision (EBID) making is the commonest evidence-based medicine as practiced by the individual clinician in making decisions about the care of the individual patient. It involves integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research. However this sort of evidence-based medicine, focuses excessively on the individual (potentially at the expense of others) in a system with limited budgets. Evidence-based guidelines (EBG) also support the practice of evidence-based medicine but at the organizational or institutional level. The main aim is to identify which interventions, over a range of patients, work best and which is cost-effective in order to guide service development and provision at a strategic level. Doing this effectively is a scientific and statistical skill in itself and the quality of guidelines is based primarily on the quality research evidence. It is important to note that lack of systematic evidence to support an intervention does not automatically mean that an intervention must instantly be abandoned. It is also important that guidelines are understood for what they are, i.e. not rules, or complete statements of knowledge. EBM will never have enough suitable evidence for all and every aspects of health provision in every locality. Innovation signifies a substantial positive change compared to gradual or incremental changes. Innovation using inductive reasoning has to play a major role within health care system and it is applicable to all three level of service provision: clinical practice, policy and organisation structure. The aim of this paper is to examine critically the above concepts and their complimentary role in supporting provision of health care systems which are suitable for the requirements of the population, affordable, deliverable, flexible and adaptable to social changes. PMID:23603268

  20. Reviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schodde, P.; Ed.

    1976-01-01

    Reviews 17 books and curriculum materials of interest to secondary science teachers. Topics include plant science, pollution, fishes, science investigations, general zoology, neurobiology, electronics, and the environment. (MLH)