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1

Dictionnaires du francais langue etrangere (Dictionaries for French as a Second Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the purposes served by native language dictionaries as an introduction to the review of three monolingual French dictionaries for foreigners. Devotes particular attention to the most recent, the "Dictionnaire du francais langue etrangere", published by Larousse. Stresses the characteristics that are considered desirable for this type of…

Gross, Gaston; Ibrahim, Amr

1981-01-01

2

Modeles de rendement langagier. Francais-- 1re annee-3e annee. Francais langue premiere (Language Production Models. French-- Grades 1-3. French as a First Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials in this document present the results of a study of French native language testing in Alberta (Canada) public schools for grades 1-3 based on the curriculum instituted in 1998. As a result of the study, this collection was developed for grades 1-3 students who should be taught French as a first language. A separate section is devoted…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

3

Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais, 10e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production: French, 10th Grade. French as a Native Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first- and second-language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for tenth grade students…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

4

Modeles de rendement langagier. French Language Arts-- 1re annee-3e annee. Francais langue seconde--immersion (Language Production Models. French Language Arts-- Grades 1-3. French as a Second Language--Immersion).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials in this document present the results of a study of French second language immersion testing in Alberta (Canada) public schools for grades 1-3 based on the curriculum instituted in 1998. As a result of the study, this collection was developed for grades 1-3 students who need to be taught French as a second language. A separate section…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

5

Problemes en enseignement fonctionnel des langues (Problems in the Functional Teaching of Languages). Publication B-103.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles include: (1) "L'elaboration du materiel pedagogique pour des publics adultes" (The Elaboration of Teaching Materials for the Adult Public) by G. Painchaud-Leblanc, (2) "L'elaboration d'un programme d'etudes en francais langue seconde a partir des donnees recentes en didactique des langues" (The Elaboration of a Program of Study in French…

Alvarez, Gerardo, Ed.; Huot, Diane, Ed.

6

L'enseignement modulaire et le laboratoire de langues: conception et experimentation d'un nouveau cours de francais oral au Centre d'anglais et de francais, Universite McGill (Modular Instruction and the Language Laboratory: Conception and Experimentation with a New Course in Oral French at the English and French Center, McGill University).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modular-type course in French was developed at the "Centre d'anglais et de francais" at McGill University (Montreal) to meet the needs of incoming students who were lacking skills in listening and oral expression. The course is composed of eight modules a semester, each module corresponding to 15 to 20 hours work on the student's part. The…

Legoux, Marie-Noelle

1980-01-01

7

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1991-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first two issues of the journal RELIEF. Each issue contains four articles. All articles deal with French second language instruction: (1) "Utiliser la presse ecrite en classe de francais-langue seconde (Using the Print Media in French Second Language Class)" (H. Canto); (2) "Une lecon de grammaire facile a concevoir,…

Haillet, P., Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

8

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains five articles, all in French, reporting research on French second language instruction. "Francophonie et francais langue seconde a l'oral: quel(s) culture(s), quelles methodes?" (Francophony and Spoken French as a Second Language: What Cultures(s), What Method(s) (D. Issa-Sayegh) discusses the content and structure of a university course…

Mahler, M., Ed.; Haillet, P., Ed.

1994-01-01

9

Les emissions de radio et de television en langue francaise pour l'enseignement du francais et pour la diffusion de la culture francaise (French Language Radio and Television Broadcasts for French Language Instruction and for the Diffusion of the French Culture).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a listing of radio and television programs that teach French language and civilization, the result of two worldwide surveys, one conducted by "Le Francais dans le Monde," the other by the French Foreign Affairs Ministry. The programs are listed alphabetically by country and accompanied by a brief description. (MES)

Thureau, Josiane; Koesten, Leo

1980-01-01

10

French: An Accommodating Language? = Le Francais: Langue D'Accueil?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bilingual book considers recent developments in French attitudes towards language purism, borrowing, and the incursion of English. The book begins with an essay by French sociolinguist Henriette Walter, and most of the following essays are direct responses to her ideas. All chapters are provided in French and English. Chapter titles include…

Wright, Sue, Ed.

11

"Francais Langue Seconde": From Functional Categories to Functionalist Variation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four recent volumes on acquisition of French by different populations cover a range of areas, particularly the development of verbal tense/agreement and nominal gender/concord in first language (L1) acquirers, as opposed to second language (L2) learners; the generalizability of grammatical deficits (e.g. difficulty acquiring parametrized features…

Herschensohn, Julia

2006-01-01

12

Le Francais Moderne: Part I, French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Moderne: Part 1" focus on the development of vocabulary and mastery of grammatical structures. The formation of the passe compose with "avoir," object pronouns, the present tense of regular "-ir" verbs, and the irregular verbs…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

13

Le Francais Courant: Part V, French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Courant: Part 5" focus on the development of mastery of the basic numbering system and other grammatical structures. Structures include the formation of the present tense of the irregular verbs "vouloir,""pouvoir," and "venir,"…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

14

Ecole Polytechnique Ann'ee 19981999  

E-print Network

Ecole Polytechnique Ann'ee 1998­1999 Petites classes de Probabilit'e Christian Robert 1 #12; Petite formule de Stirling. 4. -- Soient A 1 ; : : : ; A n n 'ev'enements sur un mâ??eme espace probabilis

Robert, Christian P.

15

Neues "Francais fondamental?" Das Europa-Projekt "Un niveau seuil." (A New "Francais fondamental?" The European Project "A Threshold Level").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project "Threshold Level," initiated by the Council of Europe in 1976, is compared with "Francais fondamental," comparing their aims and their differences. Offered as an interim statement, the article leaves open the question of whether Francais fondamental should be replaced by the the Threshold Level. (IFS/WGA)

Raasch, Albert

1978-01-01

16

Les Instituts Francais en Allemagne Federale (The Instituts Francais in the Federal Republic of Germany)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the "Service Culturel" of the French Embassy in Bonn, and the Instituts Francais, which, in 20 West German cities, offer various courses. They are also centers of information, offering various materials for loan, counseling, entertainment, etc. A list of addresses is added. (Text is in French.) (IFS/WGA)

Tresse, Christian

1975-01-01

17

Didactique du francais langue seconde, dramatisation, et theatre (French Second Language Teaching, Dramatization, and Theater).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of dramatics in French second language education is advocated with theoretical and practical arguments, and a four-stage approach to language acquisition through theater is proposed. The approach is based on activities of a bilingual theater troupe that offers Mount Allison University (New Brunswick) students an opportunity to participate in…

Fancy, Alex

1991-01-01

18

Francais: Langue de specialite: Gearing Commercial French for the World of 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the area of business-related language training, the United States lags behind Europe, where graduate business schools require at least one foreign language with business proficiency for graduation. In most United States institutions, the long-standing policy of departmentalization and a perceived dichotomy between the humanities and traditional…

Finel-Honigman, Irene

19

Algorithme d'Euclide annee universitaire 2013  

E-print Network

Algorithme d'Euclide ann´ee universitaire 2013 L'objectif de cette s´eance de travaux pratiques est : le th´eor`eme de G. Lam´e, l'approche binaire et l'algorithme d'Euclide ´etendu. 1 Nombre d'algorithme d'Euclide pour d´eterminer pgcd(a, b). 1. Implanter ullong pgcd(ullong a,ullong b) en utilisant l

Faccanoni, Gloria

20

Le francais a Calgary: Making a Program Relevant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New material developed for use in French classrooms in Calgary, Alberta, junior high schools is described. "Le francais a Calgary" is a series of filmstrips and tapes prepared as a supplement to the first fourteen lessons of the course "Voix et Images de France." (Author/PP)

Jaremko, B.

1974-01-01

21

The Language Laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne of the University of Lausanne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a description of the materials developed for the language laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne at the University of Lausanne. The tapes are designed to deal specifically with French phonetics, grammar, and lexicon. (AM)

Guex, Andre

1974-01-01

22

Tatiana Bottineau INALCO (Langues'O)  

E-print Network

Tatiana Bottineau INALCO (Langues'O) tbottineau@gmail.com L'emploi de la particule russe bylo, ou l, langage et textes (2010) 1-20" #12;Tatiana Bottineau 2 p1 n'est plus actuel. L'indexation de p sur un

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

Langues et histoire de la psychiatrie.  

PubMed

Les historiens datent la naissance de la psychiatrie de l'époque où les médecins renoncent à utiliser le latin comme langue scientifique internationale. A partir de la fin du XVIIIe siècle ils publient désormais leurs travaux sur la pathologie mentale dans une langue européenne moderne comme l'anglais, le français, l'allemand, l'italien ou l'espagnol. Certains de textes publiés dans une de celles-ci d'entre sont traduits plus ou moins rapidement dans une ou plusieurs autres. Mais des textes importants ne le sont pas ou très tardivement; les nouveaux concepts psychopathologiques introduits restent méconnus des médecins qui ne connaissent pas la langue originale. Ils sont oubliés et les termes qui les désignent sont remplacés dans les classifications récentes des troubles mentaux par de nouvelles dénominations sans référence à une conception théorique du trouble initialement décrit. L'histoire de la psychiatrie doit étudier l'évolution dans le temps de ces termes traditionnels depuis leur premier emploi par un auteur dans une de ces langues modernes jusqu'à leur éventuel abandon actuel pour comprendre si celui-ci est justifié. PMID:25395440

Garrabé, Jean

2014-12-01

24

Making "Wiggle Room" in French as a Second Language/Francais Langue Seconde: Reconfiguring Identity, Language, and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this two-year ethnographic study, I critically examined the problematic nature of the construct French as a Second Language (FSL), drawing specifically from the lived experiences of Canadian youth of Italian origin, participating in a teacher education course to prepare teachers of French. Using discourse analysis of interviews, observations,…

Byrd Clark, Julie

2010-01-01

25

Pour une didactique du francais langue et litterature etrangeres (Toward a Didactic of French Second Language and Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A method of second-language instruction that acknowledges and reinforces the connection between ordinary and artistic uses of language is discussed. The theory, rationale, methods, and some sample activities for the approach are outlined. (MSE)

Oriol-Boyer, Claudette

1990-01-01

26

Un Exemple d'approche notionelle dans le cadre du francais fondamental (An Example of a Conceptual Approach within the Framework of "Le Francais fondamental")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inventory of grammatical and lexical units expressing the notion of place in "Le Francais fondamental," Level One. Interrelationships are discussed from the point of view of vocabulary patterns and syntax. There are numerous tables and examples of interrelated verbs, adverbs, nouns, and prepositions. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Combe-McBride, Nicole

1977-01-01

27

LANGUES, SAVOIRS ET POUVOIRS EN MILIEU MAURE  

E-print Network

populations sahariennes du Sahara occidental furent longtemps berbérophones et mirent sans doute plusieurs) Vol. 2, Issues 1/2 (« Savoirs et pouvoirs au Sahara »), 1998 (1999) 215-234" #12;2 La langue du père'abord d'éclairer et qui est lié, bien sûr, au recul du berbère dans une partie du Sahara occidental. Les

Boyer, Edmond

28

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

, traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 #12;ANNEE

Di Girolami, Cristina

29

SERIOUS GAMES EN SANTE PRSENTATION ORALES EN FRANCAIS, SLIDES EN ANGLAIS  

E-print Network

FRANCE SERIOUS GAMES EN SANTE PR�SENTATION ORALES EN FRANCAIS, SLIDES EN ANGLAIS 4 DECEMBRE 2014 BREST SERIOUS GAMES #12;PROGRAM (10h-16h) With the presence of European speakers 10h00-10h20 - Serious games and healthcare applications Les Serious games & applications en santé Erwan L'Her , Cesim Santé

Brest, Université de

30

La culture politique du Mouvement Quebec Francais [The Political Culture of the "French Quebec Movement"].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the "Mouvement Quebec Francais (MQF)" covers the period from March 1971 through Spring 1974. The fundamental postulate of the study is that if the political culture is internalized by individuals, it is at the same time borne by groups. The study of groups represents, therefore, a good vehicle to reveal the most significant…

Turcotte, Denis

31

The Lycee Francais in New York: A Showcase for the French-Speaking Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In New York they say that the architecture of the new "Lycee francais" (serving French students from kindergarten through upper secondary education) was inspired by the rationalism of Descartes. What is beyond doubt, however, is that the design and materials chosen by the American firm of architects, "Polshek Partnership Architects," which…

Michel, Florence

2004-01-01

32

"Le Francais Des Affaires": At the Crossroads of US/EU Trade and Language Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need to enhance United States/European Union (EU) commercial and educational cooperation. Differences between US and EU language and trade policies are explored and the importance of plurilingualism in the global economy is examined. The role of the French Language, especially "Le francais des affaires," in facilitating access to the…

Finel-Honigman, Irene

1997-01-01

33

Le "Francais Populaire" and French as a Second Language: A Comparative Study of Language Simplification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French of English speaking students of French as a second language is compared with "francais populaire" (FP) in order to determine similarities in their tendency toward simplified grammar and morphology. Simplifying characteristics that are typical of FP were obtained from French working class sources, while simplification patterns of French…

Kenemer, Virginia Lynn

34

Ciments Francais' INDUSTAR Master System: microcomputer control for the cement and related industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The control system installed in 1985, based on a network of IBM PC\\/AT personal computers, at the Societe des Ciments Francais (SCF) plant in Bussac, France is described. Process operators were provided with state-of-the-art color graphic CRT interfaces and full-range supervisory functions. This system, based on the INDUSTAR integrating software, has been proved to be reliable and powerful and is

J. Pozzetto; R. Parker; R. Caro

1988-01-01

35

RECUEIL DES BESOINS DE STAGES ECOLES POUR L'ANNEE 2013/2014 EADS INNOVATION WORKS  

E-print Network

RECUEIL DES BESOINS DE STAGES ECOLES POUR L'ANNEE 2013/2014 EADS INNOVATION WORKS IW Suresnes IW 16 88 18 Priorité n° 1 Titre du stage : Development of dedicated diagnostic tools for nondestructive of the Structure Health Engineering Department of the Research Center of EADS Innovation Works Toulouse

Dobigeon, Nicolas

36

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N D.U. 1837 ANNEE2008  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N° D.U. 1837 ANNEE2008 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE ET DE LA SANTE N° d'ordre 481 T h è s e Présentée à l'Université Blaise Pascal pour l of gluconic acid. Président : M. DUSSAP Claude-Gilles, Professeur, Univ. Blaise Pascal Membres : M. PANDEY

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

UNIVERSIT BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSIT D'AUVERGNE N D.U. 1573 ANNEE 2005  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITÉ BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITÉ D'AUVERGNE N° D.U. 1573 ANNEE 2005 ÉCOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES'Université Blaise Pascal pour l'obtention du grade de DOCTEUR D'UNIVERSITE (Spécialité : Physiologie et Génétique, Gembloux, Belgique Directeurs de thèse: M. Gilles PÉTEL, Professeur, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

38

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N D.U. : 1841 ANNEE2008  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N° D.U. : 1841 ANNEE2008 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE ET DE LA SANTE N° d'ordre : 482 T h è s e Présentée à l'Université Blaise Pascal pour l-liquide _______________________________________________________ Président : M. GROS Jean-Bernard, Professeur, Univ. Blaise Pascal Membres : M. LARROCHE Christian

Boyer, Edmond

39

Recognition of Langue des Signes Quebecoise in Eastern Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a portrait of two community-level and legal efforts in Canada to obtain official recognition of ASL and LSQ (Langue des signes quebecoise), both of which are recognized as official languages by the Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD). In order to situate this issue in the Canadian linguistic context, the authors first…

Parisot, Anne-Marie; Rinfret, Julie

2012-01-01

40

Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee. Complete Set, January 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alberta (Canada) Department of Education issues "Grade 12 Diploma Examinations" for various disciplines every six months (dated January and June of each year). Except for the English and Francais examinations (which are issued only in their own language), the examinations are issued in an English edition and a French edition. The eight…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

41

La pedagogie du francais langue maternelle et l'heterogeneite linguistique. Condense; Volume I; Volume II (French Native Language Pedagogy and Linguistic Heterogeneity. Summary; Volume I; Volume II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Ontario (Canada) study had these objectives: to (1) examine the nature of linguistic heterogeneity in five regions of French Ontario; (2) analyze instructional strategies appropriate for French native language instruction; (2) offer general recommendations and specific interventions to facilitate adaptation of French language instruction for…

Cazabon, Benoit; And Others

42

"Peau d'Ane" videodisque interactif de francais, langue etrangere ("Donkey's Hide," an Interactive Videodisc in French as a Second Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of videodisc technology are outlined, and a project undertaken to create an interactive videodisc for French language instruction is described, including the efforts to eliminate physical barriers between the computer and the user, pedagogical strategy and material, programing technicalities, and other details of production.…

Garrigues, Mylene

1985-01-01

43

Francais langue seconde: Les apprenants face au discours didactique oral. (French as a Second Language: How Learners Deal with Didactic Oral Discourse).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a course in French for foreign post-graduate engineering students, recordings of a series of lectures in information science were used to highlight some of the problems involved in the comprehension of spoken scientific discourse. In order to observe whether repetitions within oral discourse were perceived as such by non-French speaking…

Cabut, Helene

44

Quelques Applications de la feminisation des titres en classe de francais langue seconde (Some Applications of the Feminization of Titles in French Second Language Class).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the feminization of personal titles in French is reported, and teaching materials based on the findings are suggested for use in college-level intermediate or advanced language classes. The objective is to help language learners understand the phenomenon of feminization and its practical implications. (Author/MSE)

Vignola, Marie-Josee

1990-01-01

45

Master Etudes Interculturelles Franco-Italiennes Double diplme binational Domaine Lettres, Langues et Arts  

E-print Network

relatif à la France et à l'Italie ; connaissance de la culture, politique et géographie de l'Europe tronc commun d'enseignements fondamentaux (langue et traduction, tourisme, marketing, gestion en langues et cultures étrangères dans le but de la constitution de profils professionnels adaptables

Sart, Remi

46

Langues et education en Afrique noire (Language and Education in Black Africa).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language and education in Black Africa include: "L'enseignement des et en langues nationales au Zaire. Bilan d'une experience" ("The Teaching of and in National Languages in Zaire. Results of an Experiment") (Andre Mbula Paluku); "Langues et education au Rwanda" ("Languages and Education in Rwanda") (Melchior Kanyamibwa); "Un modele…

Bearth, Thomas, Ed.

1997-01-01

47

Enseignement des langues et theories d'acquisition Sprachunterricht unde Spracherwerbstheorien. (Language Teaching and Acquisition Theories).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on language teaching and language acquisition theories includes: "Enseignement des langues et theories de l'acquisition. Introduction au colloque" ("Language Teaching and Theories of Acquisition. Introduction to the Colloquium") (Rene Richterich); "Apprendre une langue dans l'interaction verbale" ("Language Learning in…

Schwarz, Alexander, Ed.

1996-01-01

48

UNIVERSITE D'ORAN Facult des Lettres, des Langues et des Arts  

E-print Network

'informations (data-mining) Axe 6 : Langues contrôlées (controlled languages) Axe 7 : Traduction Automatique of : Arabic, French, English, Spanish 5 : Data-mining 6 : Controlled languages 7 : Machine Translation la Langue Arabe et sa Segmentation Axe 2 : Etudes linguistiques comparées arabe / français / anglais

Jeanjean, Louis

49

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N D.U. 2440 ANNEE 2014 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE, SANTE, AGRONOMIE ET  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL ­ N° D.U. 2440 ­ ANNEE 2014 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE, SANTE'UNIVERSITE Spécialité : Ecologie Microbienne Par Pierre JOLY Master Recherche de l'Université Blaise Pascal Etude des MALLET Maître de Conférences, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand Invitée : Pascale BESSE

Boyer, Edmond

50

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Transition to turbulence in globally subcritical systems  

E-print Network

through the nucleation and growth or decay of turbulent domains called puffs (PPF) or spots (PCF, and turbulent spots align to form oblique bands with the turbulent intensity becoming more and more uniform as R19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Transition to turbulence

Boyer, Edmond

51

L'annee psychologique: history of the founding of a 100-year-old.  

PubMed

The authors present the history of the founding of the French journal L'Annee Psychologique. The names of Theodule Ribot (1839-1916), Henry Beaunis (1830-1921), and Alfred Binet (1857-1911) are closely associated with the journal. Ribot's election to the chair of Experimental and Comparative Psychology at the College de France in 1888 marked the official emancipation of psychology in France. Because there was no laboratory associated with the chair, Beaunis, a physiological psychologist from Nancy, proposed to Ribot the creation of the first French laboratory of experimental psychology (1889). Under Beaunis's direction, this laboratory was established at the Sorbonne in Paris but was in fact dependent on another educational institution, L'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. In 1893 the laboratory's research was first published in a yearly journal named Travaux du Laboratoire de Psychologie Physiologique (2 volumes: 1893-1894). Binet, who joined the laboratory in 1891, was not satisfied by the form of this publication. With Beaunis's agreement, he then created L'Annee Psychologique in 1894 to develop the reputation of the laboratory's research. The authors present the evolution and vicissitudes of the journal from 1895 to 1912, with a glance up to the present. PMID:11624163

Nicolas, S; Segui, J; Ferrand, L

2000-02-01

52

L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne (The Teaching of French in the Federal Republic of Germany). L'enseignement du francais dans les classes terminales des lycees allemands (The Teaching of French in the Final Year in German Schools).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two papers describe two aspects of French foreign language instruction in West Germany. The first, "L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne" by Abel, deals with the institutional framework for French instruction in West Germany. A discussion of the instructional situation looks first at the history of French instruction since…

Abel, Fritz; Lang, Jurgen

53

Adaptation of a computerized dictionary for language learning: The "Trsor de la Langue  

E-print Network

- 1 - Adaptation of a computerized dictionary for language learning: The "Trésor de la Langue in their learning process. We intend to show how a dictionary for language specialists can be adapted in order language dictionaries, encyclopaedias, lexicons and glossaries, etc. The use of these documents

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

UNIVERSIT MONTPELLIER III PAUL-VALRY Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

U. F. R. I ­ Lettres, Arts, Philosophie, Linguistique et Psychanalyse DOCTORAT DE L'UNIVERSITE PAULUNIVERSIT� MONTPELLIER III ­ PAUL-VAL�RY Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales JURY M. Jacques Bres Professeur, Université Paul-Valéry, Montpellier III M. Bruno Bonu Maître de

Boyer, Edmond

55

Universit Blaise-Pascal -Clermont-Ferrand II UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines  

E-print Network

Université Blaise-Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines UMR. Daniel Ricard, Professeur de Géographie, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand II, CERAMAC M, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand II, CERAMAC, co-directeur de thèse M. Yves Michelin, Professeur de

Boyer, Edmond

56

0.1 Contenus des cours proposes en M1 dans BIM En premi`ere annee, il existe quatre modules obligatoires (2 assures aux pre-  

E-print Network

0.1 Contenus des cours propos´es en M1 dans BIM En premi`ere ann´ee, il existe quatre modules- tidisciplinarit´e de BIM. Ces cours allient toujours de la Biologie aux concepts d'Informatique ou de Math´ecialit´e : BIM 6 ECTS Niveau : 400 Semestre : 1 Responsable : Alessandra Carbone et Martine Boccara R

Arleo, Angelo

57

Francais de base. Programme de 9 ans, materiel didactique: 4e, 5e et 6e annees (Core French. Nine-Year Study Program, Instructional Materials: 4th, 5th and 6th Grades).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Official instructional materials for the first three years (grades 4-6) of the Manitoba Department of Education's core French language program consist of units in geography, weather and calendars, holidays, and music designed for each of the three instructional levels. The units on geography focus on Manitoba and Canada. Units on the calendar and…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Bureau of French Education.

58

Analyse de Internet et la classe de langue Franois MANGENOT et lisabeth LOUVEAU  

E-print Network

Analyse de Internet et la classe de langue François MANGENOT et �lisabeth LOUVEAU Internet et la R�ZEAU Université Rennes 2, France 1. Introduction 2. En guise d'introduction à Internet 3. Les ressources pédagogiques sur Internet 4. Dispositifs d'apprentissage intégrant le multimédia 5. Scénarios

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

[P-Demo2.1] Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014  

E-print Network

[P-Demo2.1] 19 21ème Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Zodiac,lapalme}@iro.umontreal.ca Résumé. Nous proposons dans cette démonstration de présenter le logiciel Zodiac, permettant l'insertion automa- tique de diacritiques (accents, cédilles, etc.) dans un texte français. Zodiac prend la forme d

60

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of children's literature presents 74 books and stories that can be used in the classroom to introduce literature in French to children in fourth through sixth grades. The selected texts (51 titles in fiction and 23 titles in non-fiction) were chosen for their age-appropriate language and themes, as well as their…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

61

Bibliographie Annotee M-3: Francais langue seconde--immersion. Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature enfantine (Annotated Bibliography M-3: French as a Second Language--Immersion. Selection of Works from Children's Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of children's literature presents over 150 books, stories and songs that can be used in the French language classroom to introduce literature in French to children in Kindergarten through third grade. The selected texts (97 titles in fiction and 62 titles in non-fiction) were chosen for their age-appropriate language…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

62

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue premiere: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Native Language: Selection of Works from Children's Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of children's literature presents 85 books and stories that can be used in the classroom to introduce literature in French to children in fourth through sixth grades. The selected texts (64 titles in fiction and 21 titles in non-fiction) were chosen for their age-appropriate language and themes, as well as their…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

63

Le lexique anglais-francais de l'industrie miniere de l'Office de la langue francaise (The English-French Lexicon of the Mining Industry prepared by the Office of the French Language)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes research methods involved in compiling a lexicon of terms used in the mining industry. This consisted mainly in contrasting terms found in dictionaries with actual usage in spoken and written language. (Text is in French) (AM)

Rousseau, Louis-Jean

1974-01-01

64

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse. Supplement 2001 (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature. Supplement 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document comprises 42 inserts to be included in the List of Books (4-6) for French as a Second Language (Immersion)--a selection of works of youth literature--published by Alberta Learning in 2000. Thirty-seven of the items appeal to the world of imagination and esthetics, and five items are of an informative nature. An appendix, entitled "How…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

65

Enquete sur le language de l'enfant francais (Investigation of the Language of French Children): The Spoken Language of Nine-Year-Old French Children. A Word Count Based on the CREDIF Transcriptions. Document No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transcriptions of recorded conversations of nine-year-old French children are analyzed and presented in this comparative word count. The actual count of the 55,588 word corpus is arranged alphabetically and contrasted with selected, identical words found in the Francais Fondamental word list. Proper nouns are listed separately at the end of the…

Rutherford, R. W., Ed.; Wears, M., Ed.

66

L'Application des technologies nouvelles dans l'enseignement du Francais: Experiences et avenir (The Application of New Technologies in the Teaching of French: Experiences and the Future).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes UN MENU FRANCAIS, a teacher developed-computer program for students of French, and points out the advantages of using computers in the second language classroom, despite the poor pedagogical quality of most second language software currently available. An electronic mail correspondence between students in France and Denmark is described.…

Kornum, Lis

1989-01-01

67

Actes du colloque: Tendances actuelles de la recherche sur la langue parlee (Conference Presentations: Current Trends in Research on Oral Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student papers presented at a sociolinguistics conference include: "La variation phonologique [d'une voyelle] a Hull"; "La force illocutoire des pronoms personnels 'je' et 'tu' en tant qu'insignes des places d'ou parlent les femmes et les hommes"; "L'emploi des modes indicatif et subjonctif dans le francais parle de la ville de Quebec"; "A Study…

Auger, Julie, Ed.

68

L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

Marchand, Frank

1979-01-01

69

Analyse de videos en langue des signes : methodes et strategies Computer analysis of sign language videos : methods and strategies  

E-print Network

. Mots Clef Langue des Signe, Suivi, Analyse. Abstract Sign Languages (SL) are the most complex and organised form of gesture communication. Automatic analysis of sign language videos constitutes a real. Keywords Sign Languages, Tracking, Analysis 1 Introduction Le but de cette ´etude est l'analyse de vid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Mthodes de lissage d'une approche morpho-statistique pour la voyellation  

E-print Network

lissage d'une approche morpho-statistique pour la voyellation automatique des textes arabes Amine dans ce travail un nouveau système de voyellation automatique des textes arabes en utilisant trois with the case of unanalyzed words. Mots-clés : Langue arabe, voyellation automatique, analyse morphologique

71

Le premier trait des maladies de l'oeil en langue franaise de Jacques Guillemeau (Paris 1585)  

E-print Network

1 « Le premier traité des maladies de l'oeil en langue française de Jacques Guillemeau (Paris 1585 ..........................................................................................................................145 halshs-00783817,version1-1Feb2013 #12;2 L'auteur Jacques Guillemeau [Portrait de Jacques médecine lui consacre un article synthétique que nous reproduisons ici in extenso2 : « GUILLEMEAU Jacques

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

Proceedings: Pacific Northwest Council on Foreign Languages. Volume XXX, Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers of relevance to second language instruction are compiled here: (1) "Bilingual Math in a Monolingual Classroom: A Field Study," by Elizabeth M. Baricevic; (2) "Ideologie et pedagogie: reflexions sur le manuel de francais au programme de '3e annee secondaire' en Algerie," by Jeanne Adam; (3) "Pedagogic Grammar and Applied…

Mazur, Gertrud S., Ed.

73

Vers une Redefinition de la Comprehension Ecrite en Langue Etrangere (Towards a Redefinition of Reading Comprehension in a Foreign Language). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Up to the present, the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues has approached the development of reading comprehension skills in English as a second language in terms of morpho-syntactic development. This article proposes to examine difficulties in reading comprehension based not on morpho-syntax but on the textual and…

Abe, D.; And Others

74

Cinq psaumes sont nommment appels des prires : Ps. 17, 86, 90, 102 et 142.1 La traduction de ses prires d'une langue une autre au sein d'une mme religion ne pose pas de problme2  

E-print Network

prières d'une langue une autre au sein d'une même religion ne pose pas de problème2 en revanche. L'hébreu et l'araméen sont les deux langues rituelles d'une même religion ­ même si elles n'ont pas des usages religions une prière. Je prendrai plus spécialement en compte ce qu'est une prière au sein du judaïsme. Mais

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

Processus cognitifs dans l'enseignement/apprentissage des langues. Actes du collogue sur la didactique des langues (Cognitive Processes in Language Teaching/Learning. Presentations from the Colloquium on Language Teaching) (4th, Sainte Foy, Quebec, October 20-22, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of the fourth colloquium of the Groupe de recherche en didartique des langues (Language Teaching Research Group) include eleven papers and four synopses. The papers, three in English (E) and the rest in French (F), cover these topics: cognitive presence in language teaching/learning (F); interlanguage and metalanguage (F);…

Bouloffe, Jacqueline, Ed.; Huot, Diane, Ed.

76

Peur d'assimilation et confiance en soi: Leur relation à l'alternance des codes et à la compétence communicative en langue seconde  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cette étude avait pour but de v&erifier la relation entre compétence communicative en langue seconde et alternance des codes, et d'évaluer les effets de la confiance en soi et de la peur d'assimilation sur ces deux aspects du comportement langagier dans une situation d'interaction interethnique. Les sujets consistaient en un groupe de 60 étudiants francophones en première année d'université. Sur

RICHARD CLÉMENT; YVES BEAUREGARD

1986-01-01

77

L'Islam dans les cours de "langue et culture d'origine" : le procs par Franoise Lorcerie, CNRS (IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence)  

E-print Network

1 L'Islam dans les cours de "langue et culture d'origine" : le procès par Françoise Lorcerie, CNRS, l'article tente de décrire du point de vue de la place qu'ils font à l'islam les cadres normatifs et superposition limiterait à peu de choses la présentation de l'Islam dans les cours de LCO, même si l

Boyer, Edmond

78

Les mecanismes psychologiques sous-jacents a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde (The Psychological Mechanisms Related to the Learning of a Second Language). Publication B-99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles include: (1) "Variables psychologiques et sociales reliees a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde par l'immigrant adulte en situation scolaire" (Psychological and Social Variables Related to the Learning of a Second Language by the Adult Immigrant in the Academic Situation) by A. d'Anglejan and C. Renaud, (2) "Les contacts…

Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.; Vigneault, Richard, Ed.

79

Actes du colloque sur la didactique des langues aujourdi'hui: Pratiques et realite. (29 Sept./1 Oct. 1983) [Proceedings of a Colloquium on the Teaching of Modern Languages Today: Practice and Reality. (September 29-October 1, 1983)].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight papers in this collection include: "Un enseignant de langues a la recherche de la pierre philosophale" (A Language Teacher in Search of the Philosopher's Stone); "Apprentissage autodirige: Compte rendu d'experience 1978-83" (Self-Directed Learning: Report of Experience 1978-83); "Teaching Without a Language Syllabus But With a Linguistic…

Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL), 1984

1984-01-01

80

Apprenez la Science en Francais?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explain why integrating the teaching of science and French is not as ridiculous as it may at first sound. They describe how this innovative integrated approach works in a primary school in Oxfordshire. The project involves Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). CLIL is a method whereby a curriculum subject is planned and…

Edmonds, Juliet; Jacobs, Pippa

2011-01-01

81

Universite Annee : 2008  

E-print Network

Lemaire, Ing´enieur de recherche `a Orange Labs, Lannion Rapporteurs : Antoine Cornu´ejols, Professeur `a Recherche en Informatique d'Angers 2, Bd Lavoisier, 49045 Angers Cedex 01 tel-00450124,version1-25Jan2010 : Antoine Cornu´ejols, Marc Tommasi, R´emi Guilleron, St´ephane Loiseau et B´eatrice Duval. Je remercie tous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second bulletin in a series dealing with international issues in language instruction in the military. Articles include: (1) "L'Enseignement des langues (etrangeres) dans les Forces Armees Belges," (2) "La Morphologic de la Conjugaison ecrite simple en francais contemporain: evantail des cas et rendement des categories," (3) "Data…

Waters, J., Ed.

83

1975 Textbooks for French Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four 1975 textbooks for French civilization courses are cited including price, suggested level, format and a listing of contents. A review of one text follows: Rey and Santoni, "Quand les Francais parlent: Langue en contexte, culture en contraste," Newbury House Publishers. The reviewer states that this book is basically a sociological study of…

Brown, Jack Davis

84

Invatamantul cu Predarea in Limbile Minoritatilor Nationale din Romania. In Anul Scolar 1992/1993 = The Education System in Romania: Tuition in the Languages of Ethnic Minorities. The School Year 1992/1993 = L'enseignement dispense dans les langues des minorites nationales de Roumanie. L'annee scolaire 1992/1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documentation of the Romanian system of language instruction in ethnic minority languages is presented in Romanian, French, and English. It consists of: relevant provisions from the national constitution concerning the rights of ethnic minority members; organization and functioning of the educational system at the elementary, middle, and secondary…

Council for National Minorities, Bucharest (Romania).

85

Integration des sciences et de la langue: Creation et experimentation d'un modele pedagogique pour ameliorer l'apprentissage des sciences en milieu francophone minoritaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les faibles resultats en sciences des eleves du milieu francophone minoritaire, lors d'epreuves au plan national et international, ont interpelle la recherche de solutions. Cette these avait pour but de creer et d'experimenter un modele pedagogique pour l'enseignement des sciences en milieu linguistique minoritaire. En raison de la presence de divers degres de francite chez la clientele scolaire de ce milieu, plusieurs elements langagiers (l'ecriture, la discussion et la lecture) ont ete integres a l'apprentissage scientifique. Nous avions recommande de commencer le processus d'apprentissage avec des elements langagiers plutot informels (redaction dans un journal, discussions en dyades...) pour progresser vers des activites langagieres plus formelles (redaction de rapports ou d'explications scientifiques). En ce qui a trait a l'apprentissage scientifique, le modele preconisait une demarche d'evolution conceptuelle d'inspiration socio-constructiviste tout en s'appuyant fortement sur l'apprentissage experientiel. Lors de l'experimentation du modele, nous voulions savoir si celui-ci provoquait une evolution conceptuelle chez les eleves, et si, simultanement, le vocabulaire scientifique de ces derniers s'enrichissait. Par ailleurs, nous cherchions a comprendre comment les eleves vivaient leurs apprentissages dans le cadre de ce modele pedagogique. Une classe de cinquieme annee de l'ecole de Grande-Digue, dans le Sud-est du Nouveau-Brunswick, a participe a la mise a l'essai du modele en etudiant les marais sales locaux. Lors d'entrevues initiales, nous avons remarque que les connaissances des eleves au sujet des marais sales etaient limitees. En effet, s'ils etaient conscients que les marais etaient des lieux naturels, ils ne pouvaient pas necessairement les decrire avec precision. Nous avons egalement constate que les eleves utilisaient surtout des mots communs (plantes, oiseaux, insectes) pour decrire le marais. Les resultats obtenus indiquent que les eleves ont progresse dans leurs conceptions au sujet des marais. A la suite de l'intervention pedagogique, ils peuvent decrire le marais de facon comparable a des scientifiques en mettant a profit des mots scientifiques (spartine alterniflore, detritus, chevalier a pattes jaunes). Selon nous, les apprentissages des eleves s'expliquent surtout par la juxtaposition, dans le modele pedagogique, des elements langagiers avec une demarche de changement conceptuel a caractere experientiel. En effet, lors de cette demarche, les eleves se sont beaucoup questionnes, ont ecrit leurs reflexions, discute de leurs preoccupations et consulte des documents. Ces activites langagieres se sont deroulees directement dans le marais ainsi qu'a la suite de visites dans celui-ci. Ainsi, la possibilite de decouverte a ete reelle pour eux. Ces differents elements se sont combines pour creer une forte motivation. Le tout s'est arrime pour permettre une evolution conceptuelle et langagiere. Le modele pedagogique experimente pourrait ainsi s'averer tres fecond aupres des eleves du milieu linguistique minoritaire.

Cormier, Marianne

86

Groupe Nom latin Nom francais translocation  

E-print Network

Angiosperme Alisma gramineum Alisma à feuilles de graminée, Flûteau à feuilles de graminée Réintroduction Royaume-Uni Cambridgeshire 1998 Angiosperme Alisma gramineum Alisma à feuilles de graminée, Flûteau à feuilles de graminée Réintroduction Royaume-Uni Cambridgeshire 1998 Angiosperme Alisma gramineum Alisma à

87

Le Francais Courant (Contemporary French), Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course has been developed basically within the limits of Units 4-6 of "A-LM French: Level 1", second edition. The primary objectives are to develop French vocabulary relative to the family, home, transportation, and foods by continuing to work with short dialogues based on everyday, teenage experiences. While reviewing previously studied…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

88

Pourquoi le francais et quel francais au Maroc? (Why French and Which French in Morocco?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of French in Morocco is ambiguous: it is neither an official language nor a foreign language, and it would benefit greatly from an official definition that would allow a variety of language conflicts to be resolved. (MSE)

Akouaou, Ahmed

1984-01-01

89

Annee : 2005 Nd'ordre : 712  

E-print Network

Informatique d'Angers 2, Bd Lavoisier, 49045 Angers Cedex 01 #12;#12;Remerciements Tout d'abord, je tiens `a- bault, Antoine Robin, Eduardo Rodriguez Tello pour les bons moments pass´es en leur compagnie. Je n

Lardeux, Frédéric

90

Annee : 2003 d'ordre : 593  

E-print Network

'Angers Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche en Informatique d'Angers 2, Bd Lavoisier, 49045 Angers Cedex 01 #12´ed´eric Lardeux, Antoine Robin et les autres. Les mo- ments de d´etente pass´es ensemble sont une v´eritable bouff

Barichard, Vincent

91

d'ordre : 882006 Annee 2006 presentee  

E-print Network

statistiques Directeur de th`ese : Philippe DUGOURD Jury : M. Jean-Louis BARRAT, pr´esident M. Florent CALVO chef de type Philippe Du- gourd convient tout `a fait. Assurez-vous enfin que le patron du restaurant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

92

Morphologie et syntaxe du francais (French Morphology and Syntax)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the relationship of morphology and syntax to the communication process from the functionalist viewpoint. Topics considered are: morphological processes, that is the distinction between functional and contingent language facts; the degree of necessity of syntax; the difference between functionalism and traditional grammar. (Text is in…

Sourdot, Marc

1977-01-01

93

Portfolio langagier en francais (Language Portfolios in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that first-year college students learning French should create a language portfolio that contains documents that illustrate what they have learned in French, along with a brief statement of what linguistic skill the document demonstrates. The goal of the portfolio is to make students more aware of their own learning, their strengths, and…

Laplante, Bernard; Christiansen, Helen

2001-01-01

94

Roumanie: Le Francais d'abord (Romania: French First).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty percent of the schools in Iasi, Moldova's capital city, teach French as a second language. The city's French Cultural Center is a focus for educational and cultural information and organization. The center helped upgrade the professional level of teaching following the demise of communism in Eastern Europe. (CNP)

Serren-Rosso, M. L.

1993-01-01

95

Analyse syntaxique application aux langues naturelles  

E-print Network

· Computers and the Humanities · Computer, Speech & Language · Computer Assisted Language Learning Systran) · Bons traducteurs dans un domaine spécialisé pour préparer le terrain à une traduction par un

Schmitz, Sylvain

96

LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 45 INFORMATIQUE ET LANGUES INFORMATIQUE ET LANGUES  

E-print Network

. ­ (2) Au bord de l'océan nous rêvons. Je passe sur le scénario interactif préalable à la réalisation attendue : ­ (3) Au bord de l'océan nous rêvons que les planches à voiles fun-cup sont en solde. La plus ouverte et interactive. (La conception date de 1982). Dans le cadre des activités du Groupement

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

97

DESS Codes, Cryptologie, Securite Informatique Annee 2004-2005  

E-print Network

sous-base de la base (correspondant `a un noeud de l'arbre) admet une certaine "´etiquette" (li´ee au processus de s´election de cet arbre quaternaire). Quelle relation simple y-a-t'il entre l'´etiquette de la ´etiquette de la sous-base b et localisation en fr´equences de la projection sur b soit une relation parfaite

Yger, Alain

98

ANNEE 2010-2011 N D'ORDRE 1147  

E-print Network

'analyse multi-résidus dans les huiles essentielles par couplage de la chromatographie liquide avec la'ORDRE 1147 Produits phytosanitaires : Développement d'une méthode d'analyse multi-résidus dans les huiles essentielles par couplage de la chromatographie liquide avec la spectrométrie de masse en mode tandem THESE DE

Boyer, Edmond

99

Institut Galilee L1PC Annee 20112012 Programmation Partiel II  

E-print Network

fractions dont le DDI est a) 0, (1114); b = 10 b) 0, (047619); b = 10 2) a) Quels sont les r´eels qu'on peut´es en base dix). a) 13, (1114); b = 10 b) 10, (047619); b = 10 c) 0, 0(1311); b = 8 d) 0, (10111); b = 2

Duchamp, Gérard H. E.

100

Institut Galilee L1PC Annee 20112012 Programmation Partiel III  

E-print Network

fractions dont le DDI est a) 0, (1114); b = 10 b) 0, (047619); b = 10 2) a) Quels sont les r´eels qu'on peut´es en base dix). a) 13, (1114); b = 10 b) 10, (047619); b = 10 c) 0, 0(1311); b = 10 d) 0, (10111); b

Duchamp, Gérard H. E.

101

Annee 2003 Pour l'obtention du Grade de  

E-print Network

Poitiers et `a l'unit´e de re- cherches T.E.R.E.2 du Cemagref de Rennes, sous la direction conjointe de J´elange - sillage Direction de th`ese : Jean-Paul BONNET - Jo¨el DELVILLE Th`ese soutenue le 12 D´ecembre 2003 devant la commission d'examen - JURY - G. ARROYO Ing´enieur des Travaux ruraux, Cemagref, Rennes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

102

Presentation de la 3e annee Departement informatique et mathematiques  

E-print Network

Pr´esentation de la 3e ann´ee D´epartement informatique et math´ematiques appliqu´ees Pr´esentation de la troisi`eme ann´ee 2013-2014 http://queinnec.perso.enseeiht.fr/Ens/3I/ #12;Pr´esentation de la 3e ann´ee Parcours offerts pour la troisi`eme ann´ee Organisation g´en´erale de la troisi`eme ann

Grigoras, .Romulus

103

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

Information et communication 2 1,5 1,5 25 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 commun aux parcours (CND) 3 3 9 6,5 12 Optimisation 1 3 3 12 15 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le

Di Girolami, Cristina

104

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

, traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 8,5 Géologie de surface 19,5 8 Pétrologie exogène 4 x 3 4 x 3 13,5 14 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L

Di Girolami, Cristina

105

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

Informatique 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 SEMESTRE 4 Numériques Matricielles 3 3 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www

Di Girolami, Cristina

106

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

, traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site Temps 4 x 3 4 x 3 16 11,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www 27,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 #12

Di Girolami, Cristina

107

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

Informatique 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 SEMESTRE 4 Monnaie 3 3 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12

Di Girolami, Cristina

108

COLE NORMALE SUPRIEURE DE LYON COLE DOCTORALE, LANGUES, LINGUISTIQUE & ARTS  

E-print Network

of the ego: the theoretical development of the poetics of Antonin Artaud Abstract The purpose of the present of the ego is not a symptom of the schizophrenia, but a theoretical support in the contemporary poetry, as the sound poetry or literalist poetry

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

109

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Rsum Automatique Multilingue  

E-print Network

techniques du TAL ont été utilisées pour produire des extraits tels que l'usage de l'analyse rhétorique RST (Rhetorical Structure Theory)(Marcu, 1998). Cependant, ces techniques requièrent des traitements de haut

110

Web smantique et traitement automatique des langues Bruno Menon  

E-print Network

présent sur Internet que le TAL, discipline pourtant établie depuis plusieurs décennies. De plus, les'autres croisements de chacun de ces termes, avec par exemple "Artificial Intelligence" ou "Information Retrieval pour l'essentiel issus de l'univers des bibliothèques numériques ou de l'intelligence artificielle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

Ecole doctorale IAEM Lorraine Modelisation logique de la langue et  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.1.3 Interface syntaxe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2.2 Un exemple de modélisation de la syntaxe en ACG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.1.1 Syntaxe du calcul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

112

Semiotique et didactique des langues (Semiotics and Language Teaching).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Semiotics can be a useful tool for analysis in language learning situations. This is particularly true for delineating student comprehension and the familiarity/strangeness aspects of discourse or texts. Use of semiotics can help differentiate the problems facing learners of French as a native language from those facing learners of French as a…

Bertrand, Denis

1993-01-01

113

Two Visuals to Accompany Albert Valdman's "Langue et Culture."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visuals depicting places and high frequency nouns (car, tree, bike, bus, etc.) which students learn in the first semester of studying French are described. These will facilitate instructional presentations and, by reinforcing grammatical concepts, assist language acquisition. (PMJ)

Polly, Lyle R.

1980-01-01

114

Le premier vocabulaire de sciences cognitives en langue française  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives contains 130 alphabetically ordered entries, each entry corresponding to a different word or expression used in cognitive science. The entries are treated from the point of view of each of the five main disciplines contributing to cognitive science: artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, philosophy, and psychology. The texts concerning a given entry form distinct sections labeled

SERGE LAROCHELLE; GUY LAPALME; DANIEL LAURIER; ISABELLE PERETZ; ALAIN POLGUÈRE

1999-01-01

115

Une lecon de francais avec des jeux electroniques (A French Lesson with Electronic Games).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic games are proposed as a means for encouraging students of French to learn and use the language while solving problems. A computerized card game and mine-removal game are offered as illustration of the language skills and vocabulary that can be developed and the appeal that such exercises can have for students. (MSE)

Malandain, Jean-Louis

1996-01-01

116

On Parle Francais Ici: The People of the St. John Valley Have a Tremendous Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A change in philosophy concerning the maintenance of native languages has led to local efforts to revive the French language in the St. John Valley (Maine), including the formation of a community organization and implementation of language programs in which children in all grades receive daily instruction in French. (LP)

Banville, Beurmond J.

1995-01-01

117

Des citoyens francais a quatre pattes (Four-footed French Citizens).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class activity is described involving a panel discussion of the role of dogs in French culture and related issues of public administration such as animal protection laws. Panel members' roles (public officials, veterinarians, etc.), audience roles (dog owner, father of a bitten child, etc.), and followup activities are outlined. (MSE)

Champ-Renaud, Dominique

1983-01-01

118

Le Francais de la Saskatchewan: Etude de lexique (The French of Saskatchewan: Lexical Study).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A linguistic survey indicates that despite variations by region and social group, the French spoken by Saskatchewan francophones preserves traces of the history of the language, including anglicisms and older French expressions not much in use today. (MSE)

Senior, Nancy; Longpre, Bernadette

1987-01-01

119

10`eme Congr`es Francais d'Acoustique Lyon, 12-16 Avril 2010  

E-print Network

experimental results. 1 Introduction One of the remaining problems in characterizing po- rous sound absorbing of research has been done about the propagation of sound in heterogeneous and porous materials. Especially

Boyer, Edmond

120

Le Francais des Professions Scientifiques et Techniques (French for the Scientific and Technical Professions).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two sequential courses in scientific and technical French developed as a supplement to third- and fourth-year college French, in response to expressed student and industry demand, had as their objectives to develop a general familiarity with products of the large French industrial companies and their United States affiliates and to develop means…

Muller, Brigitte

121

Enseigner quel francais du tourisme (Which French to Teach for Tourism).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of a course in French for tourism and the hotel industry in Sweden is chronicled, focusing on the process of functional analysis used to determine appropriate language content. A general functional outline of touristic French and an outline of language functions specific to a restaurant situation are presented. (MSE)

Larsson, Bjorn

1992-01-01

122

Technoscientific French Teaching Guide = Guide pour l'enseignement du Francais technoscientifique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course guide aids university professors in doing research to develop a course in scientific and technical French. The course is intended to aid students in developing communicative skills in French in the context of science and technology. The course introduces students to the culture of France as well as to its industrial and technological…

Muller, Brigitte D.

123

Chine: Les Chances du Francais (The Fortunes of the French Language in China).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the current situation in China surrounding the teaching of French as a Foreign Language. After the decline of French teaching subsequent to the Cultural Revolution, the language returned to favor around 1970. Chinese students are infatuated with French; many study it as a first or second foreign language. Additionally, French literature…

Shuning, Zhang

1996-01-01

124

"L'unilinguisme" francais contre le changement sociolinguistique (French "Unilingualism" versus Sociolinguistic Change).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the French unilingual, also seen as a sociolinguistic ideology, in its varieties, especially since the French Revolution: an ideology based on few representations that are both inner and outer linguistic. The article also discusses the attitude of the unilingual in the collective epilinguistic field of experiment. One…

Boyer, Henri

2001-01-01

125

L'enseignement du francais par ordinateur: Les programmes conversationnels au Cafe (Cours autodidactique de francais ecrit) [Teaching French by Computer: Conversational Programs in "Cafe" (Self-instructional Course in Written French)].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer technology has been used to develop "Cafe," a self-instructional course in written French communication, which is offered to the general public by the University of Montreal. The course consists of three workbooks containing 1200 items dealing with vocabulary, spelling, punctuation, agreements, morphology, syntax, and fine points of…

Landriault, Bernard; Connolly, Guy

1980-01-01

126

Le vocabulaire disponible du francais, Tome 1. Le vocabulaire concret usuel des enfants francais et acadiens: Etude temoin (The Working French Vocabulary, Volume 1. Common Generic Terms Used by French and Acadian Children: A Field Study).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of a two-volume study of the relative accessibility of French vocabulary in French-speaking Canada presents statistical data concerning the frequency, distribution, valence, and accessibility of vocabulary related to 16 fundamental centers of interest found in normal conversation. The scope, procedures, and results of the study are…

Mackey, William F.; And Others

127

Dictionnaire contextuel anglais-francais de l'energie solaire (Contextual English-French Dictionary on Solar Energy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-French dictionary on solar energy is intended for translators and purports to contain all the elements necessary for doing quality translations. Each entry contains the following elements: (1) the basic English word with its synonyms and equivalents; (2) the definition in English and reference to its source; and (3) sentences or…

Serre, Robert

128

Pour une typologie des anglicismes en francais du Canada (Toward a Typology of Anglicisms in Canadian French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that anglicisms in Canadian French cover a much broader spectrum than in any European variety of French, with traits of the English language incorporated into spelling, pronunciation, morphology, syntax, lexicon, and phraseology. A typology of these features is proposed, with examples. (Author/MSE)

Meney, Lionel

1994-01-01

129

Apprentissage accelere du Francais: Une experience dans l'enseignement secondaire (Accelerated Apprenticeship of French: An Experience in Secondary Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the teaching of French-as-a-Second-Language in Holland. The following questions are discussed: (1) Can an intensive teaching method be used in a nonintensive setting? (2) Can learning be accelerated (i.e., can two years be taught in one). (SBR)

Sciarone, A. G.; Montens, F.

1990-01-01

130

Apprentissage de francais en France: Evolution des attitudes (Learning French in France: A Study of Attitude Change).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Short stays, such as a summer course, in the country where the target language is spoken have been recognized as advantageous to the second language learner. However, they have not been the object of much research. Therefore, a study was carried out to describe changes of attitudes towards country, culture, and language learning which occurred…

Cembalo, Michel; Regent, Odile

131

Etude Comparative de ?image de la Psychologie Chez Les Etudiants en Psychologie, Belges, Espagnols, Francais, Mexicains et Quebecois  

Microsoft Academic Search

1373 psychology students from Barcelona (Spain), Liège (Belgium), Lille (France), Mexico city (Mexico) and Montréal (Canada) responded to a questionnaire dealing with their image of the discipline at various points in their university career. The students were asked to designate the authors they felt to be the most important as well as their preferences in regard to various areas and

Esteve Freixa i Baqué; Ramón Bayes; Serge Bredart; Luc Granger; Julio Varela

1982-01-01

132

Pour un enseignement du francais aux travailleurs immigres (Toward a Methodology for Teaching French to Immigrant Workers)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The population of immigrant workers in France is described; their social and educational statuses are given as well as statistics by nationality. This definition is then used to help establish a program for educating this segment of the population in the French language. (Text is in French.) (TL)

Gardin, Bernard

1976-01-01

133

Nd'ordre 2011-ISAL-0083 Annee 2011 TH`ESE DE DOCTORAT  

E-print Network

´ecaniques et `a rupture par corr´elation d'images 2D et 3D - Application aux filtres `a particules Diesel `a base de titanate d'aluminium Pr´esent´ee devant l'Institut National des Sciences Appliqu´ees de Lyon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

Numero d'ordre : 2007-17 Annee 2007 presentee devant  

E-print Network

proches des limites mat´eriaux. Cette tendance a pour effet de favoriser l'apparition de comportements. Dans ce cadre, nous avons ´etudi´e des mod`eles de roulements adapt´es `a la simulation en dynamique d banc, diff´erents types de tests de caract´erisation ont ´et´e r´ealis´es. Nous avons tout d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

135

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE D.U. 2044 ANNEE 2010  

E-print Network

jullet 2010 Supat ISARANGKOOL NA AYUTTHAYA Change of whole-tree transpiration of mature Hevea method leaf to air vapour pressure deficit (kPa) tree water uptake (mm day-1 ) critical transpiration (mm day-1 ) tree transpiration (mm day-1 ) reference evapotranspiration (mm da

Boyer, Edmond

136

Astrophysique L2 (Phys210) Universite Pierre et Marie Curie annee 2007-2008  

E-print Network

le taux de variation du rayon solaire si le Soleil tirait son ´energie d'une lente contraction? (on que son ´energie m´ecanique totale (thermique + gravitationnelle) vaut Emeca -3GM2 /10R . (a) Montrer par des arguments dimentionnels que -3GM2 /10R repr´esente bien une ´energie. (b) Quel devrait ^etre

Demoulin, Pascal

137

Seminaire BOURBAKI Mars 2005 57`eme annee, 2004-2005, no 947  

E-print Network

´EOM´ETRIE BIRATIONNELLE [d'apr`es Bondal, Orlov, Bridgeland, Kawamata...] par Rapha¨el ROUQUIER 1. INTRODUCTION L´egorie d´eriv´ee par (( flop )) (Bondal-Orlov, 1995). D'un autre c^ot´e, la conjecture homologique de sym´en´eralis´es (cf [8, Conjecture 4.4] et [29, Conjecture 1.2]): Conjecture 1.1 (Bondal-Orlov). -- Si f KX g KY

Rouquier, Raphaël

138

ANNEE : 2004-2005 SESSION DE SEPTEMBRE 2005 PARCOURS : MAA, MAI, MAP  

E-print Network

la fonction z - exp(z) ? La s´erie enti`ere [zn /n!]n0 a pour rayon de convergence R = + et sa somme. Question de cours : rappeler la r`egle de Cauchy permettant le calcul explicite du rayon de convergence d´erie enti`ere [anXn ]n0 (avec an = 0 pour tout n IN) permet-elle d'obtenir une valeur exacte de ce rayon de

Yger, Alain

139

Universite Paris Diderot Fonctions analytiques Licence de Mathematiques Annee 2011-12  

E-print Network

de centre a et de rayon r dans C et B(a, r) la boule ouverte de centre a et de rayon r dans C. I 1´eveloppement en s´erie enti`ere en 0 de la fonction z (1 - z)/(1 + z). Quel est le rayon de convergence ? 3 le cercle C(1, r) bijectivement sur un cercle dont on pr´ecisera le rayon et le centre. II 7. La

Merel, Loïc - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

140

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N D.U. 1754 ANNEE 2007  

E-print Network

and sequence analysis were mostly affected by cultivar and to a lesser extend training method. A similar trend Delicious' showed a very compact small tree compared to the other two cultivars with more open and wider COMPARISON OF APPLE CULTIVARS AS AFFECTED BY DIFFERENT PRUNING METHODS ABSTRACT The effects of two training

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

141

Curriculum Summary: Grade Five, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 5e annee, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 5 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover art, music, health and life skills, physical…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

142

Curriculum Summary: Grade Four, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 4e annee, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 4 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover art, music, health and life skills, physical…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

143

Curriculum Summary: Grade Two, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 2e annee, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 2 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover art, music, health and life skills, physical…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

144

Curriculum Summary: Grade Six, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 6e annee, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 6 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover art, music, health and life skills, physical…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

145

Curriculum Summary: Grade Three, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes, 3e annee, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 3 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover art, music, health and life skills, physical…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

146

Travaux Diriges Syst`eme no Cours d'Informatique de Deuxi`eme Annee  

E-print Network

recherches des mots dans un dictionnaire ! La semaine derni`ere nous avons vu que la complexit´e du temps de table(Table* table, void* element) ; qui ajoute l'´el´ement uniquement s'il n'est pas d´ej`a dans la

David, Julien

147

Institut Galilee L2 info S1 Annee 20082009 Administration de Parc Informatique  

E-print Network

propri´etaires de ces fichiers vu depuis m2 (dans m2:/import) ? 1.3 Utilisateur inconnu Cr´eer sur m1 un-t-on sur le propri´etaire du fichier tata vu depuis m2 ? 2 uid, gid Dans l'ordinateur, les noms des;2.1 Informations sur les comptes Nous connaissons d´ej`a une commande qui permet de modifier les informations d

Messiant, Cédric

148

Travaux Diriges de Programmation Imperative no Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Annee  

E-print Network

´ee --Licence MIEF/SPI-- Ensembles et allocation dynamique En cours on a vu un ensemble de fonctions qui donn´ee. En cours, nous avons vu la struture garage, qui est un ensemble de voitures. Exercice 1'assurer que x n'appartient pas d´ej`a au tableau. ­ ´Ecrire la fonction ensemble supprimer qui prends en entr

David, Julien

149

S'eminaire Bourbaki Novembre 2002 55`eme ann'ee, 2002-03, no 912  

E-print Network

combinatoire _ un c* *om- plexe simplicial fini hom'eomorphe `a une surface compacte orientable _ et 'eta'est donn'e. Pour les poly`edres convexes on dispose gr^ace `a Aleksandrov [Ale58] d'une r* *'eponse

Schlenker, Jean-Marc

150

UNIVERSITE D'AVIGNON ET DES PAYS DE VAUCLUSE LANGUES, LETTRES ET ARTS  

E-print Network

a constant involvement of body and sexuality closely linked to society and to cultural schemes that society, their purpose is to underline the identity quest of women in our society. This kind of literature uncovers

Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

151

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY -MONTPELLIER III -Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

TEMPS DE L'INQUISITION : 1461-1530 Tome I Illustration non reproduite par respect du droit d;2 RÉSUMÉ : L'étude de l'Inquisition dans le district de Valence reposait essentiellement sur l comprendre le rôle d'une Inquisition qui, entre urgences financières du monarque et uniformisation religieuse

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

152

Innovation et variation en didactique des langues etrangeres (Innovation and Variation in Foreign Language Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model of foreign language education is presented that takes into account the complexity of instruction itself and the dimensions added by interaction of teacher, learner, institution, materials, and environment. Uncertainty is seen as a by-product of complexity, and innovation and variation in instructional practice are ways of dealing with…

Puren, Christian

1991-01-01

153

Bulletin bibliographique sur la didactique des langues (Bibliographic Bulletin on Language Teaching). Publication J-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography of information sources on a variety of topics related to second language instruction represents a portion of the BIBELO database. The bibliography contains 480 citations of journal articles, monographs, collected works, research reports, and essays that have appeared recently on the subjects of language and culture contact,…

Laforge, Lorne, Ed.

154

Concepts linguistiques en didactique des langues (Linguistic Concepts in Language Teaching). Publication L-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for second language teachers and teacher trainees, the guide to linguistic concepts used in second language instruction outlines the applications of basic linguistic concepts to classroom practice and some classroom activities. Chapters address the following topics: (1) the relationship of language and linguistics; (2) human…

Alvarez, Gerardo

155

Comenius et la didactique des langues modernes (Comenius and Modern Language Teaching).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of the language teaching principles of Jan Amos Comenius (1592-1670), the father of modern language teaching, as an autonomous discipline, reveals strikingly modern answers to some fundamental questions: What is language?; How are languages learned?; Who should learn them and why?; and What should be taught, and how? (MSE)

Caravolas, Jean

1984-01-01

156

"Telematique et Didactique des Langues (Telematics and Language Learning and Teaching).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how e-mail correspondence should be supported and integrated into the overall second language learning program. Reviews a telematics international e-mail exchange project, focusing on the documentation of integration of the project into the overall language program. Findings reveal that the strength of this work is in showing how its…

Ganderton, Roger

1997-01-01

157

Concepts linguistiques en didactique des langues (Linguistic Concepts in the Teaching of Languages).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic linguistic concepts are presented and their links with second language learning and teaching are examined. The book is intended as a guide for teachers and others interested in second language instruction. Chapters address the following concepts: the relationship of language and linguistics, including basic terminology of discussion about…

Alvarez, Gerardo; Perron, Denise

158

L'enseignement des langues et la realite canadienne (Language Teaching and the Canadian Context).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings are the result of a recommendation of the Royal Commission on bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada that in second language education in Canada the emphasis should be on the Canadian milieu, not on the foreign language aspect of French and English. The following papers are presented here: (1) "Realite culturelle au Canada…

Savard, Jean-Guy, Ed.

159

"Traduction" et didactique des langues ("Translation" and Language-Teaching Methodology)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts, through clarification of the term "translation," to define and put in place, from a methodological point of view, the latent tendency to reach back to the native language system, and its effect on the learning of the target language. (Text is in French.) (IFS/WGA)

Besse, Henri

1975-01-01

160

Didactique des langues et emploi de revues (Second Language Teaching and the Use of Magazines)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the use of magazines and newspapers as reading materials for second language teaching at the intermediate level, specifically in the teaching of Dutch to native French speakers. (Text is in French.) (CDSH/CLK)

Bergans-Libioul, M.-Cl.

1976-01-01

161

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY -MONTPELLIER III Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

of activities, university and prison. The aim is to analyze a pedagogical innovation process, in various stages - MONTPELLIER III Discipline : Sciences du Langage Interactions et pratiques d'un processus d'innovation carcérale. Cette étude vise à analyser un processus d'innovation pédagogique, dans ses plusieurs étapes. Une

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

162

UNIVERSIT MONTPELLIER III PAUL-VALRY Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

. It relies on analysis of notes taken in professional situations, of sound and video recordings, tel-00808406 assessment. The research has been made possible through an Industrial Training Research Convention (CIFRE

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

UNIVERSIT MONTPELLIER III PAUL-VALRY Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

. It relies on analysis of notes taken in professional situations, of sound and video recordings, tel-00778449 assessment. The research has been made possible through an Industrial Training Research Convention (CIFRE

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

164

Boîte à outils TAL pour des langues peu informatisées : le cas du somali  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of corpora is a critical phase of systems of natural language processing based on statistical methods. This point is crucial for less equipped and less computerized languages like African languages. This paper aims to present different tools for Somali language and different scenarios to build corpora for this language : A gathered corpora from the web, Syntex, a

Abdillahi Nimaan; Pascal Nocera; Juan-Manuel Torres-Moreno

2006-01-01

165

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY -MONTPELLIER III -Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

'UNIVERSITÉ PAUL VALÉRY - MONTPELLIER III - PHILOSOPHIE MICHEL-BECHET Jacques LE CRITÈRE DE DÉMARCATION DE KARL R.POPPER reconnaitront. tel-00835315,version1-18Jun2013 #12;3 RÉSUMÉ : LE CRITÈRE DE DÉMARCATION DE KARL R.POPPER ET SON APPLICABILITÉ La réfutabilité de Karl Popper (1902-1994) définit à la fois la norme de la connaissance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

166

Dictionnaires linguistiques et traductifs (classer la seconde langue (autre que franais) si traductif) AG5 = ANGLAIS  

E-print Network

. BF173.D665 = DOLTO Françoise BF173.F349 = FERENCZI Sandor BF173.F889 = FREUD Sigmund BF173.F890 = FREUD Anna BF173.G795 = GREEN André CLASSIFICATION DE LA BIBLIOTHEQUE DE PSYCHOLOGIE ET DES SCIENCES DE

Nesterov, Yurii

167

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY -MONTPELLIER III Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

SIGMUND FREUD................................................ 25 1. Freud ............................................................................... 32 4. Le commentaire de Freud........................................................................................ 49 6. De Freud à Lacan : ponctuations cliniques et théoriques................................ 51 6

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Langues-U: A digital campus to increase students' autonomy?1  

E-print Network

psychology students of our university, who need to be able to read specialized articles in English by the end to fill in a questionnaire whose aim was to evaluate the way they perceived the scheme. After a short the results of the questionnaire as well as the students' work preferences. These elements seem to indicate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

TALN Archives : une archive numrique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement Automatique de la Langue  

E-print Network

TALN Archives : une archive numérique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement'est disponible. Cet article présente la construction de TALN Archives, une archive numérique francophone des des méta-données que nous avons extraites et dévoilons l'identité du Kevin Bacon de TALN Archives, i

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Analyse discursive automatique du corpus ACL Anthology  

E-print Network

'hui à la disposition des chercheurs plus de 24500 articles au format PDF. Les plus anciens articles). Il existe des bases de données similaires pour la biologie et le domaine biomédical (par ex. Medline depuis 50 ans (mais pour les raisons données plus haut, la plupart des études portent sur les articles

Boyer, Edmond

171

:!5e Annee nume XXV), A-/ril-Juin 1945 ~o 244246 ,LE LAITREVUE GNRALE DES QUESTIONS LAITIRES  

E-print Network

l'action du ferment lab ; 20 Lelacto-sérum de lait acidifié ne renferme que des holo- (Fm.) LE LAIT microbienne propre à la fermentation lactique. Nous n'entrerons pas dans le détail des -phénomènes complexes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

Universite Paris-Sud 2004/2005 Master de Mathematiques 2`eme annee : Alg`ebre, Analyse, Geometrie Geometrie Differentielle  

E-print Network

'une vari´et´e riemannienne, il existe r > 0 tel que les boules de rayon r centr´ees aux points de l'image r centre euclidien ze et de rayon euclidien re, soit zh son centre hyperbolique et rh son rayon [z] le point correspondant de G \\ H. Calculer le rayon d'injectivit´e de G \\ H en [z] en fonction de

Pansu, Pierre

173

UNIVERSITE DE METZ Ann'ee Universitaire 2002/2003 D'epartement de Math'ematiques  

E-print Network

(z) = n=0anzn une s'erie de rayon de convergence 1 tel que que an 0 pour tout n 2 N. Montrer que le'erie dont le rayon de convergence R satisfait 0 , R). Exercice 21 P 1 Soit f(z) = n=0 anzn une s'erie enti`ere de rayon de convergence

Mortini, Raymond

174

UNIVERSITE DE METZ Ann'ee Universitaire 1999/2000 D'epartement de Math'ematiques  

E-print Network

(z) = const. ( f(z) 6= 0 dans D) (d) Im f(z) 2 - Re f(z) = const. Exercice 5 D'eterminer le rayon de!zn!. P 1 nn (b) D'eterminer le rayon de convergence R de n=1 ___n!zn et 'etudier la conv* *ergence P 1 Soit f(z) = n=0 anzn une s'erie de rayon de convergence 1 tel que que an 0 * *pour tout n 2

Mortini, Raymond

175

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Experimental and theoretical investigation of  

E-print Network

and theoretical investigation of magnetorheological elastomers K. Danasa, S.V. Kankanalab, N. Triantafyllidisa a : Magnetorheological elastomers (MREs) are ferromagnetic particle impregnated elastomers whose me- chanical properties ; Magnetorheological Elastomers ; Ma- gnetomechanical experiments 1 Introduction Devices made of magneto-rheological

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

Intonation et syntaxe chez l'enfant francais a partir de dix-huit mois (Intonation and Syntax in the French Child from the Age of 18 months)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study to determine the role of intonation in language acquisition. Related studies are mentioned. Research methods for the study are outlined and two case studies are reviewed. Conclusions show that adult-child interaction influences not only the child's use of intonation but also his acquisition of syntax. (Text is in…

Leroy, Christine

1975-01-01

177

Acquisition comparee de la syntaxe du francais par des enfants francophones et non francophones (Compared Acquisition of French Syntax by Francophone and Non-Francophone Children).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study which sought to compare syntax acquisition in French by francophone and non-francophone children, in order to establish the order in which French grammatical elements are acquired, and in order to create a French version of the Bilingual Syntax Measure. (AM)

Bautier-Castaing, Elisabeth

1977-01-01

178

Connaissance et Usage d'Anglicismes par des Francais de Paris (Knowledge and Usage of Anglicisms by French People in Paris)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A synthesis of a research project treating the relationship between the comprehension of English words, the ability to use them and their actual usage by members of various social groups in Paris. Topics covered are: methodology, classification of words, reactions of informants and interpretation of data. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Cartier, Alice

1977-01-01

179

La place de la negation syntaxique en francais (The Place of Syntactic Negation in French). Montreal Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a syntactic analysis of standard French negation. The following expressions are described in detail: (1)ne...pas(point), (2)nullement (aucunement), (3)plus, (4)jamais, (5)pas encore, (6)guere, (7)rien, (8)personne, (9)aucun(e), (10)nul(le), (11)ni...ni..., (12)nulle part, (13)que, (14)pas un(e), (15)nul. The negative expressions are…

Paradis, Michel

180

From "La Plume de Ma Tante" to "Parlez-Vous Francais?" The Making of French Language Policy in British Columbia, 1945-1982  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the first half of the twentieth century in British Columbia, French language was considered a school subject to be taught as any other using formal classical approaches. Generally, no specific provincial or local policies existed to guide how French was taught and learned. By 1981, however, British Columbia had developed explicit language…

Raptis, Helen; Fleming, Thomas

2004-01-01

181

21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Strain field measurements in polycrystalline tantalum  

E-print Network

, the specific thermo-mechanical environment confers to tantalum an uncommon macroscopic behaviour, caracteristic initiation in mechanical fatigue can be either transgranular for "high" temperatures and/or "low" strain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

Teaching English Language Arts to Francophone Program Students, Grades 3 to 9: Bridging the Francais and English Language Arts (ELA) Programs of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

183

Analyse des erreurs et grammaire generative: La syntaxe de l'interrogation en francais (Error Analysis and Generative Grammar: The Syntax of Interrogation in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A progress report is presented of a study which applies a system of generative grammar to error analysis. The objective of the study was to reconstruct the grammar of students' interlanguage, using a systematic analysis of errors. (Interlanguage refers to the linguistic competence of a student who possesses a relatively systematic body of rules,…

Py, Bernard

184

19`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Qu'est-ce qui determine la taille des dunes?  

E-print Network

taille des dunes? M´ecanismes et lois d'´echelle. B. Andreotti, P. Claudin et A. Fourri`ere Laboratoire des rides aquatiques et des dunes ´eoliennes. Nous montrons qu'un lit plat est lin´eairement instable´edimentaire. Au-del`a du r´egime lin´eaire, les rides ou dunes interagissent et grossissent jusqu'`a une taille

Claudin, Philippe

185

21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Etude aerodynamique instationnaire d'un rotor eolien de  

E-print Network

) and dynamic results (wind turbine in rotation). This study provides a new vision of its behavior. Indeed (maximum projected area). This fact is actually verified with a static study. However, the dynamic study influence ; il permet au flux d'air amont d'^etre ´evacu´e en aval, et non de revenir `a contre sens. Le

Boyer, Edmond

186

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Traitement numerique de la singularite `a l'axe pour les  

E-print Network

´erique de la singularit´e `a l'axe pour les ´ecoulements 3D en cavit´es tournantes N. Peres, S. Poncet et E traitement des ´ecoulements 3D confin´es en rotation. La pr´esente m´ethode consiste `a discr´etiser sur tout and unsteady analytical solutions. The ability of our numerical method to investigate complex unsteady flows

Boyer, Edmond

187

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Etude numerique par FFT et analyse morphologique 3D  

E-print Network

´erique par FFT et analyse morphologique 3D des points chauds dans les milieux granulaires F. Willota, L'homog´en´eisation num´erique par transform´ees de Fourier (FFT), permettant de r´esoudre les ´equations de l, are determined numericaly using the "FFT method". Even at low contrast of properties, the heat flux concentrates

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

188

Dlivr par UNIVERSIT PAUL-VALRY MONTPELLIER III Prpare au sein de l'cole doctorale LANGUES,  

E-print Network

understand the role and importance of medicinal plants, also known as "the simple ones", in the late antiquity. Key words: Medicine - Pharmacopoeia ­ Plants ­ Simples ­ Late Antiquity ­ Herbarius - Pseudo recettes médicales associées à diverses plantes médicinales. Cet ouvrage a connu un grand succès au Moyen

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

189

VERS UNE MÉTHODOLOGIE DE VALIDATION TRANS-CULTURELLE DE QUESTIONNAIRES PSYCHOLOGIQUES: IMPLICATIONS POUR LA RECHERCHE EN LANGUE FRANÇAISE  

Microsoft Academic Search

La validation d'instruments de mesure traduits de l'anglais au français est un problème méthodologique qui préoccupe un nombre grandissant de chercheurs francophones. Parallélement, les chercheurs en psychologie sont confrontés à l'absence d'une méthodologie systématique de validation trans-culturelle. Le présent article a pour but de combler cette lacune en proposant une méthodologie de validation trans-culturelle d'instruments psychologiques fondée sur les écrits

ROBERT J. VALLERAND

1989-01-01

190

Parler les langues romanes/Parlare le lingue romanze/Hablar las lenguas romances/Falando lnguas romnicas  

E-print Network

in French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and English within the following thematic strands, pragmatics, conversation and discourse; speech technology; speech and sociolinguistics; speech Gille, Assistant Professor of Spanish, Uppsala University Anna Gudmundson, Research Fellow

191

Interference lexicale dans la langue quebecoise rurale (1900-1950) (Lexical Interference in Rural Quebec's Language, 1900-1950).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of rural Quebec's language showed that by comparison with the urban version, it is less influenced by anglicisms, and the borrowing that has occurred is not solely of terms of civilization designating objects or notions susceptible to exchange between anglophones and francophones in Quebec. Certain anglicisms seem to have become integrated…

Rogers, David-F.

192

Documents Non Didactiques et Formation en Langues (Non-Didactic Documents and Language Training). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In second language learning, it is often the case that a discrepancy exists between the language of the pedagogical materials and that of the media or of the native speaker. This article discusses the advantages and problems involved in using authentic, non-didactic materials in post-introductory second language instruction, as found in an…

Duda, R.; And Others

193

Un siecle de colloques sur la didactique des langues (A Century of Meetings on the Teaching of Languages).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a preliminary version of a listing of meetings on the teaching of languages. It includes meetings known by the terms congress, conference, and symposium, with special emphasis on international meetings. The work is divided into five chapters: (1) the origin and development of conferences on the teaching of languages; (2) a chronological…

Mackey, William F.

194

Pour une didactique de l'italien et des langues etrangeres. (Toward a Didactic of Italian and of Foreign Languages.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two principles necessary for integrating the native language and second language approaches to language instruction are discussed: (1) that such an integration must be viewed as a meeting, not of subject areas but of professional competencies and (2) that languages must be considered not as separate systems but as a continuum. (MSE)

Lugarini, Edoardo

1983-01-01

195

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Vers un dveloppement plus efficace des systmes de traduction statistique  

E-print Network

using both on-demand alignment of parallel sentences and on-the-fly estima- tion of translation models'utilisation conjointe d'une technique d'alignement de phrases parallèles à la demande et d'estimation de modèles de échantillonnage repose sur un pré-traitement qui est lui même très couteux. En particulier, l'alignement

196

Pistes de rflexion pour la thmatique en langues anciennes au programme de la session 2013 Le pouvoir : diriger, commander, gouverner  

E-print Network

politiques ; le philosophe-roi - regards sur le pouvoir : analyse et critique Hérodote, Thucydide, Platon ; hégémonie et impérialisme : justifications et critiques Hérodote, Thucydide, Polybe Cicéron, Tite-Curce, Tacite - stasis et guerre civile Thucydide Cicéron, César, Salluste etc. - se choisir un autre maître

197

Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Formateur. Langue: Sakalava (Peace Corps Madagascar Teacher's Manual. Language: Sakalava).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's manual for Sakalava, a dialect of Malagasy, is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel in Madagascar. It is written primarily in French and Sakalava, with some titles in English. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on…

Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

198

Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Stagiare. Langue: Malagasy Ofisialy (Peace Corps Madagascar Volunteer Manual. Language: Official Malagasy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for Malagasy is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel working in Madagascar. It is written primarily in English and Malagasy, with introductory sections in French. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on needed materials,…

Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

199

Metonymie dans la presse ecrite: entre discours et langue (Metonymies in the Press: Between Discourse and Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes certain metonymies that are often employed in the daily French press. In such metonymies, a human being or a set of individuals are referred to by means of the name of an institutional location (i.e., a capital city, a ministry in a western country, the name of a country). These metonymic patterns do not seem to be used by…

Lecolle, Michelle

2001-01-01

200

Le discours russe sur la migration professionnelle et les concepts lis la migration dans la langue russe  

E-print Network

'oublions pas que plusieurs historiens russes (V. Kljucevskij, N. Pavlov-Sil'vanskij, S. Solov'ëv) ont souligné autocratique qui chercha à empêcher l'émigration extérieure : ainsi, sous Ivan IV le Terrible (XVIe siècle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

201

L'apprentissage d'une langue etrangere comme ouverture culturelle (Second Language Learning as a Cultural Opportunity).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been suggested that the learning of a second language is not only a practical matter, as is commonly emphasized in discussion about language teaching, but is equally an experience of cultural initiation, particularly through the appreciation of literary texts in that language. The first part of this paper reviews educators' ideas about…

LeBrun, Monique

202

Voix d'Auvergne. Langue et Civilisation Par le Texte Oral (Voices of Auvergne. Language and Civilization by Oral Text).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is the result of a two-week session organized for 30 British teachers of French, aimed at the rediscovery of French culture and language. The teachers were exposed to French language and culture through a series of round tables with a representative of French business, government, politics, and the like, and through personal interviews…

Institut Francais du Royaume-Uni, London (England).

203

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Analyse argumentative du corpus de l'ACL (ACL Anthology)  

E-print Network

informatique n'est pas en reste et l'ACL Anthology met aujourd'hui à la disposition des chercheurs plus de 24500 articles au format PDF. Les plus anciens articles datent de 1965 (première édition de COLING) mais pour la biologie et le domaine biomédical (par ex. Medline), les systèmes complexes ou la physique (par

204

2000. Caron, B. (d.), Topicalisation et focalisation dans les langues africaines. Louvain-Paris: Peeters, 289-309.  

E-print Network

-sémitique. Elle est parlée en Erythrée, en Ethiopie et en République de Djibouti. Deux groupes dialectaux sont de Djiboutiens originaires de Tadjoura, `Asagayla et Djibouti-ville. Nous sommes conscients des

Boyer, Edmond

205

Une perspective pedagogique meconnue du laboratoire de langues: Sa fonction docimatique (An Undervalued Language Laboratory Resource: Its Proficiency Testing Function).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting from the premise that the assessment of second language learners' competence is a must at several points during the learning process, discusses the usefulness of laboratory testing. Argues that it allows for standardized testing, facility of test administration, easy scoring, objective measures, reliability and validity of results. (MES)

Plastre, Guy

1981-01-01

206

Role-Playing as a Method of Teaching Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how role-playing was used in a French culture and civilization class at Eastern Washington State College. The class was conducted entirely in French, and each class member read the same material for each day. L. Wylie's "Les Francais" was used as the class text, and "Comment vivent les Francais" by Girod and Grand-Clement was…

Corbin, Diane H.

207

Patterns and Policies: The Changing Demographics of Foreign Language Instruction. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Changing Patterns: Curricular Implications," includes "Basic Assumptions Revisited: Today's French and Spanish Students at a Large Metropolitan University" (Gail Guntermann, Suzanne Hendrickson, and Carmen de Urioste) and "Le Francais et Mort, Vive le Francais: Rethinking the Function…

Liskin-Gasparro, Judith E., Ed.

208

CLST 321 2011 CLST 321: Research starting points  

E-print Network

in the bibliography: http://www.annee-philologique.com/aph/files/sigles_fr.pdf Also, in the Advanced Search, select from 'primitive man in geological time' up to 600AD. Covers areas as far as north Africa and south

Abolmaesumi, Purang

209

Ressources de mathematiques, maternelle-12e annee: Bibliographie annotee. Cadre commun des programmes d'etudes (Pre-Kindergarten-Grade 12 Mathematics Resources: Annotated Bibliography. Common Curriculum Framework).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography identifies French language resources endorsed for the K-12 grade levels by all Western Canadian Protocol (WCP) jurisdictions implementing the Common Curriculum Framework for K- 12 Mathematics. Resources were selected through a collaborative review process based on their high level of fidelity with the rationale,…

Western Canadian Protocol for Collaboration in Basic Education, Edmonton (Alberta).

210

Ressources de mathematiques, Maternelle-12e annee: Bibliographie annotee. Cadre commun des programmes d'etudes (Pre-Kindergarten-Grade 12 Mathematics Resources: Annotated Bibliography. Common Curriculum Framework).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography identifies French language resources endorsed from 1990-1999 by all Western Canadian Protocol (WCP) jurisdictions implementing the Common Curriculum Framework for K-12 Mathematics for K-12 (Common Curriculum Framework). Resources in this bibliography were selected through a collaborative review process based on their…

Western Canadian Protocol for Collaboration in Basic Education, Edmonton (Alberta).

211

0.1 Contenus des cours proposes en M1 dans BIMM En premi`ere annee, il existe quatre modules obligatoires (2 assures aux pre-  

E-print Network

´ecialit´e : BIM 6 ECTS Niveau : 400 Semestre : 1 Responsable : Alessandra Carbone et Martine Boccara R'Informatique (UPMC). Ses recher- ches ont port´e sur des diff´erents aspects de la logique, de la dynamique symbol Sp´ecialit´e : BIM 6 ECTS Niveau : 400 Semestre : 2 Responsable : Alessandra Carbone et Pierre

Arleo, Angelo

212

UNIVERSITE PAUL VERLAINE METZ Annee Universitaire 2005/2006 Departement de Mathematiques mardi, le 11 avril 2006, 13.30-15.30 h.  

E-print Network

=0 anzn , g(z) = n=0 bnzn et h(z) = n=0 (an + 2bn)zn . On note par R(f) le rayon de convergence de rayon de convergence de cette s´erie? 1 #12;2 Exercice 4 (6) D´eterminer le rayon de convergence des s

Mortini, Raymond

213

A Time to Celebrate and Reflect: International Year of the Family 1994 = Une bonne occasion de celebrer et de reflechir: L'Annee internationale de la famille 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quarterly newsletter issue discusses the upcoming United Nations-sponsored International Year of the Family (IYF), with a specific focus on activities, trends, and research dealing with Canada. Four feature articles examine: (1) the work of the Canada Committee for the IYF, including activities and publications sponsored by the committee and…

Theilheimer, Ish, Ed.

1993-01-01

214

Etude du comportement sous charges laterales des ossatures de beton arme avec murs de remplissage de maconnerie, construites avant les annees 1960  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reinforced concrete structures with unreinforced masonry infills (BMR) are considered vulnerable to earthquakes. Under seismic actions, infills could fail (causing injuries or death) and cause damages to columns. In Quebec and Canada, most of BMR structures have been constructed prior to the introduction of modern seismic design codes raising question on the contribution of the infill to the structure lateral resistance. The aim of this thesis is to improve modelling technique of BMR structures built in Quebec between 1915 and 1960. This type of structures is found in hospitals or schools buildings, which must comply with some post-earthquake functionality requirements. They could also be residential or office buildings. Actually, practicing engineers usually calculate seismic capacity of BMR structures without considering the infill's structural contribution to the lateral resistance. Yet, this contribution should not be omitted. The first part of the thesis investigates the construction techniques and material properties of the old BMR structures in the Province. The results are the material properties (concrete, reinforcing steel, brick, terra cotta tile, and mortar) and the characteristics of the assemblies (wall section, reinforcement details…). The second part of the thesis presents the results of series of parametric analyses to identify among modelling and geometric parameters, which ones are the most influent on the lateral load response (rigidity, fundamental period, normal modes). Linear and modal analyses were performed. The most influent parameters identified are: number of storeys, number of bays, bay's width, soft storey, openings, upper storeys modelized (instead of being replaced by punctual loads) and the modelization technique of infills panels (strut or shell). Nonlinear static analyses have been performed to identify the most influent parameters to be considered for evaluating the lateral resistance, the capacity (load / displacement) and the yielding sequence (beam versus columns versus infills). The identified parameters are the presence of the infills, the openings and the geometric characteristics of the models (number of storeys and number of bays). One important contribution of this work is the development of an equivalent strut model to represent the action of the infill. The model could be easily implemented in standard analysis software. A central axial hinge reproducing the nonlinear behaviour of the masonry is added to the strut element. This model is a hybridization of existing proposals (FEMA and others) with added innovations by the author. It has been validated with experimental and numerical analyses results from literature. An important conclusion of this thesis is that the contribution of infills to lateral load resisting capacities of BMR structures should be considered for structure of more than one storey. Infills can add up to 51 % to bare frame capacity. The National building code requires that the lateral resistance of existing buildings must be at least 60 % of the equivalent static seismic force (V2005). It is concluded that one storey BMR buildings have a sufficient resistance, while three-storeys structures exhibit plastic deformations for loads under 0,6* V2005.

Lefebvre, Karine

215

UNIVERSITE DE METZ Ann'ee Universitaire 2000/2001 D'epartement de Math'ematiques lundi, le 3 septembre 2001,*  

E-print Network

boule disjointe avec N. Une partie M de E est dite maigre, si elle est contenue dans une runion dnombra* *ble de ferms d'intrieur vide. (i) Montrer que M E est maigre si et seulement si M es* *t runion dfinition). (2) Toute runion dnombrable de ferms d'intrieur vide est d'intrieur vide. (3) M0 = ; pour toute

Mortini, Raymond

216

La syllabification de squences VCV en irlandais : une tude de perception Mire N Chiosin* et Pauline Welby*  

E-print Network

were similar to those found for other languages: listeners preferred syllables with onsets, often appellent cette langue Irish (irlandais) et réservent le terme Gaelic (gaélique) pour sa langue soeur le

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

LISTE DES MEMBRES DU CONSEIL DES ETUDES ET DE LA VIE UNIVERSITAIRE Collge ou catgorie Secteur Statut Nom Prnom Fonction Affectation  

E-print Network

langues, sciences humaines et sociales Titulaire FRANCALANZA Eric Professeurs des Universités UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines Art, littérature et langues, sciences humaines et sociales Titulaire AGOSTO Marie-Christine Professeurs des Universités UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines Droit, économie, gestion

Brest, Université de

218

Courses: French (FR) Page 321Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog French (FR)  

E-print Network

enrollment in FR 101L. Satisfies GE Area C3 (Comparative Perspectives and Foreign Languages). Fr 101L LAnguAge Perspectives and Foreign Languages). Fr 102L LAnguAge LABorAtory (1) A minimum of two academic hours (100 201L LAnguAge LABorAtory (1) A minimum of two academic hours (100 minutes) weekly in practice sessions

Ravikumar, B.

219

De L'Economie des moyens linguistiques en francais et en anglais dans l'usage standard contemporain (On the Economy of Linguistic Means in French and English Standard Contemporary Usage).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conciseness and "ease of use" often attributed to North American English relative to French in standard contemporary usage is explained in terms of English morpho-syntactic structure and of the values of the classical norm and rhetoric affecting French. (Author/MSE)

Calve, Pierre

1989-01-01

220

La variation synchronique et diachronique de la syntaxe de la negation du francais chez des adultes en milieu guide (Synchronic and Diachronic Variation in the Syntax of French Negation in Adults in a Guided Environment).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study hypothesizes that negation and finiteness are linked in the development of foreign language acquisition in comparable ways to their development in first language acquisition. By contrasting synchronic intrapersonal variability data with change occurring in the diachronic data about negation, this article shows how adult learners of…

Royer, Corinne

2001-01-01

221

Evaluation du systeme de traduction automatique SYSTRAN anglais-Francais, version 1978, de la Commission des Communautes Europeennes (Evaluation of the English-French SYSTRAN Machine Translation System, 19 version, of the Commission of European Communities).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the French-English version of the SYSTRAN machine translation system, used by the Commission of European Communities, and an evaluation study which examined the quality, cost, and weaknesses of the system. The study concluded that this type of system is useful for "pretranslation" and "rough" translation only. (AM)

Van Slype, Georges

1979-01-01

222

Un gars, une fille: plaidoyer pour la culture avec un "petit c" dans un cours de francais languae etrangere (Un gars, une fille: Culture with a "Litte c" in a French as a econd Language Course).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at the Quebecois TV show, "Un gars, Une fille" used in a university French course to teach the socio-cultural reality that underlies all linguistic utterances in a university-level French course. Attempts to identify what makes the show more authentic than videos and CD ROMs that accompany most language textbooks in French. (Author/VWL)

Black, Catherine

2001-01-01

223

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Interaction vorticite/deformation des monop^oles et des dip^oles  

E-print Network

´e/d´eformation des monop^oles et des dip^oles I. DELBENDEa, M. ROSSIb a. UPMC, LIMSI­CNRS, UPR 3251, BP133, 91403´erieure qu'il subit. Nous en montrons les implications dans le cadre des monop^oles et celui des dip^oles diffus de vorticit´e qui joue un r^ole quasi-passif. L'´evolution peut alors ^etre interpr´et´ee comme

Delbende, Ivan

224

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 152 PRELIMINARY REPORT  

E-print Network

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Federal Republic of Germany) Institut Francais de Recherche pour 1&M University Research Park, 1000 Discovery Drive, College Station, Texas 77845-9547, U.S.A.) Jason Ali

225

La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)

Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

1985-01-01

226

La langue aymara: Des cimes andines a l'intelligence des ordinateurs (The Aymara Language: Andean Peaks for the Intelligence of Computers).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that Aymara, an ancient language still spoken in parts of South America, may be well suited for use as a "bridge" language in translation because of its extremely regular and coherent grammar. A machine translation program using the language has already been developed. (MSE)

Barbin, Christina

1987-01-01

227

Le dpartment d'allemand de l'Institut des Langues Vivantes vous invite un voyage Monschau (Montjoie) et Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle)  

E-print Network

(Montjoie) et Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) le vendredi 11 novembre 2011 Au programme : 7h30 Départ en bus de 12h00 Départ en bus de Monschau pour Aachen 12h30-14h30 Temps libre à Aachen 14h30 Visite guidée de la cathédrale (en français et en allemand) 15h30 Temps libre 18h30 Départ en bus de Aachen pour

Nesterov, Yurii

228

L'enseignement d'une langue (non-maternelle ou maternelle) aux apprenants en difficulté et aux enfants issus de milieux socialement défavorisés  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Official statistics reveal a high percentage of school failure at primary-school level in Belgium, notably among children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds, be they francophone or foreign. Furthermore, the percentage of adult illiteracy is rising. These situations share a common root: the methodology of the mother tongue at school and the approach to the written language in particular. After defining the psychological objective of a language course the present study proposes a methodology, a synthesis of up-to-date psycho-pedagogical, linguistic and (neuro) biological trends. The data from this research make it possible to verify the working hypotheses which have been elaborated and revised over the last twenty years. Within the recommended methodology, the libération de la parole (`liberation of speech') occupies an important place. This initial stage increases and reinforces the creative dispositions in the child and prepares for real language activities. These help the child to communicate and enable a functional learning of the language. The methodology of reading takes into account research conducted on the operation of the memory and the selective activity of the brain. A first evaluation of the methodology has verified the working hypotheses. Moreover, the pupils in the experimental classes obtained markedly higher grades in tests such as reading comprehension, elaborating texts and in those tests calling for imagination and creativity.

Wambach, Michel

1986-06-01

229

Les linguistes et les questions de langue au Quebec: points de vue (Linguists and Language Questions in Quebec: Points of View).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers, all in French, address four issues concerning linguistics and language in Quebec: language quality and linguistic reality; linguistic politics and the future of French in Quebec; the linguist's role in modern society; and dictionaries. Each section includes an untitled, substantive introduction and several papers. Papers include: "Discours…

Deshaies, Denise, Ed.; Ouellon, Conrad, Ed.

230

Version envoye pour publication dans : Rivens Mompean, A. & Barbot, M-J. (coord.), Dispositifs mdiatiss en langues et volutions professionnelles pour l'accompagnement-  

E-print Network

formation ou dans un carnet de bord. L'accompagnement est envisagé ici comme un ensemble de trois facteurs interactions s'effectuent dans un espace virtuel (Barbot 2006 : 42)1 . 2. Le cadre : les dispositifs de

Boyer, Edmond

231

La formation du professeur de langue etrangere [seconde] dans les universites du Quebec (The Training of Teachers of Second Languages in the Universities of Quebec).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training of teachers of second languages and linguistics in universities located in the Province of Quebec, Canada, is examined in this article. University degree programs in English, French, modern languages, linguistics, and teaching methods or education are outlined, including general program requirements for the B.A., M.A., and Ph.D.…

Bibeau, Gilles

232

DOSSIER SUR "LA FORMATION PROFESSIONNELLE DES DIRECTEURS DE LABORATOIRE DE LANGUES" (PROPOSED COURSE OF STUDY FOR THE PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION OF LANGUAGE LABORATORY DIRECTORS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE NEED FOR LANGUAGE LABORATORY SPECIALISTS TO MEET THE CHANGES IN MODERN LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY IS EMPHASIZED BY THE AUTHOR IN THIS REPORT. SUGGESTIONS ARE GIVEN FOR SPECIALIZED COURSES OF STUDY TOWARD A MASTER'S DEGREE FOR LANGUAGE LABORATORY DIRECTORS. SELECTIONS SHOULD BE MADE FROM BLOCKS OF COURSES IN (1) LINGUISTICS, MODERN LANGUAGES,…

PLASTRE, GUY

233

De la base cerebrale du fonctionnement phonique d'une langue (On the Neural Basis of Language at the Phonic Level). Publication B-189.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research on the contributions of neurobiology to the understanding of language, and more specifically of phonics, is reviewed. After an introductory section, the second section provides a brief historic perspective on neurolinguistic research, beginning in the early nineteenth century. The third section focuses on what is known about the…

Martin, Pierre

234

DEUXIEME CONFERENCE INTERNATIONALE SUR LE TRAITEMENT AUTOMATIQUE DES LANGUES (SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS, GRENOBLE, FRANCE, AUGUST 23-25, 1967).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PAPERS IN THIS VOLUME--CATEGORIZED AS EITHER (1) AUTOMATIC ANALYSES OF NATURAL LANGUAGES, (2) STATISTIC AND SEMANTIC ANALYSES OF LINGUISTIC DATA, OR (3) ALGEBRAIC THEORIES OF LANGUAGES--ARE THE COLLECTIVE PRODUCT OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS HELD AT GRENOBLE, FRANCE, AUGUST 23-25, 1967. TOPICS RANGE FROM…

1967

235

Enseignement de la langue francaise au Maroc et dialogue des cultures (Teaching of the French Language in Morocco and Dialogue of Cultures).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the process of Arabization of Morocco, it is necessary to maintain French language instruciton, but as a necessary foreign language and not as a primary language. French remains an important part of Morocco's diverse cultural identity. (MSE)

Lahjomri, Abdeljalil

1984-01-01

236

Atlas International de la vitalite Linguistique, Volume 1. Les langues constitutionnelles de l'Indie = International Atlas of Language Vitality. Volume 1: Constitutional Languages of India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This International atlas of language vitality offers a cartography of language functions, based on a quantitative measure of the vitality of each language. It covers the constitutional languages of India, and offers maps, graphs, and data tables illustrating the vitality ratings of 14 languages by state, domain of usage (religion, schools, mass…

McConnell, Grant D., Ed.; Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.

237

La quadrature du cercle: Comment combler les lacunes dans la competence en langue(s) etrangere(s) du public professionnel? (The Squaring of the Circle: How Can We Fill in the Gaps in the Foreign Language Competence of the Professional Public?).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model of foreign language instruction for professionals, particularly those with limited time and budget, is proposed. Principal components of the model include: (1) a detailed, diagnostic linguistic profile of the learner, including lexical, grammatical, sociolinguistic, and sociocultural characteristics; (2) an inventory of the learner's…

Clijsters, W.; Verjans, M.

238

LUIT: Language, a Unified and Integrative Theory (1st part, June 2012 version)  

E-print Network

, Discourse > Grammar, parole > langue, praxis > system - Epigeny - ergativity - Evolution - expressivitty ­ sound-iconicity - Spanish - taboo - topicalization - typology - valency - verb - zero marking

239

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS  

E-print Network

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2007 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 34 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

Ribes, Aurélien

240

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS  

E-print Network

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2008 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 35 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

Ribes, Aurélien

241

78 FR 37281 - Revisions to Environmental Review for Renewal of Nuclear Power Plant Operating Licenses  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...special review of emergency planning issues in the context of an...need for a review of emergency planning issues in the context of license...licensee regardless of plant design, construction, or license...requirements related to emergency planning are in the regulations at...

2013-06-20

242

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N D. U. 2430  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N° D. U. 2430 UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE ANNEE 2013 ECOLE DOCTORALE SCIENCES DE Président : M. Pete Smith (University of Aberdeen) Membres : M. Joan Artigas (Université Blaise Pascal) Mlle Professor Laboratory of Microorganisms: Genome and environment (LMGE) University Blaise Pascal Campus des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N D.U. 1640  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N° D.U. 1640 UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE ANNEE 2006 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE ET DE LA SANTE N° d'ordre 434 THESE Présentée à l'Université Blaise-Pascal pour l. Chambres Prof. Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand H. Erhard Senior Research Scientist Macaulay

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

244

UFR Sciences et Technologies DEMANDE DE TRANSFERT DE DOSSIER UNIVERSITAIRE  

E-print Network

Université) De l'Université Blaise Pascal (Clermont II) A l : .......................................................................................................................................................... Etudes suivies à l'Université Blaise Pascal : ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE NIVEAU D'ETUDE DISCIPLINE RESULTAT : Signature AVIS du Président de l'Université d'accueil AVIS du Président de l'Université Blaise Pascal

Sart, Remi

245

Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1 Th`ese de doctorat  

E-print Network

´el`ebre classification d'Edwin Hubble dans les ann´ees 30, il est coutume de d´efinir une galaxie comme appartenant soit-7Feb2014 #12;4 tel-00943337,version1-7Feb2014 #12;Abstract Since the 30's and Edwin Hubble's famous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

`A L'UNIVERSITE D'ORLEANS POUR OBTENIR LE GRADE DE  

E-print Network

trois ann´ees, Pierre-Louis Blelly le directeur du LPCE, et Jean-Philippe Anker pour son ´ecoute. Merci-Louis Pin¸con et Fran¸cois Lefeuvre qui ont ´et´e des interlocu- teurs privil´egi´es tout au long de ces

d'Orléans, Université

247

`A L'UNIVERSITE D'ORLEANS POUR OBTENIR LE GRADE DE  

E-print Network

- teurs privil´egi´es tout au long de ces trois ann´ees, Pierre-Louis Blelly le directeur du LPCE, et Jean-Philippe chaleureux. En particulier, je remercie Jean-Louis Pin¸con et Fran¸cois Lefeuvre qui ont ´et´e des interlocu

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

248

Rseaux migratoires et structures de pouvoir : la Church of Pentecost du Ghana face aux  

E-print Network

4 Réseaux migratoires et structures de pouvoir : la Church of Pentecost du Ghana face aux communautés francophones Sandra FANCELLO L'Église de Pentecôte, originaire du Ghana et aujourd'hui implantée le Togo ont progressivement adopté la langue française comme langue liturgique, au Ghana, le débat

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

Universit Paris 3 -Sorbonne Nouvelle Les stratgies d'adresse en finnois et en franais : rflexions d'une identit ?  

E-print Network

les classes sociales, entraînant la perte dune partie de sa valeur.4 Pour combler cette lacune, un langues romanes de lUniversité dHelsinki et portant surtout sur ladresse dans les langues romanes3 . 2. Printers, 1960, 252-275. 3 Social Deixis: Address Terms as a Mirror of Societal Transformations (www

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Colloque International Spcificits et diversit des interactions didactiques : disciplines, finalits, contextes ICAR, Universit Lyon 2, INRP, CNRS, 24-26 juin 2010, Lyon.  

E-print Network

classe entière, les élèves découvrent l'incipit d'un roman qui est ensuite analysé afin d'en faire émotions, des situations d'écriture aux compétences linguistiques en classe de français langue maternelle en classe, nous parvenons impliquer les élèves dans le travail de la langue en situation d

Boyer, Edmond

251

Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Works in Linguistics). Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five papers in this collection include: "Apprendre a apprendre les langues: 'Mais je veux etre un handicape linguistique!'" (Learning To Learn Languages: But I Want To Be Linguistically Handicapped!) (Richard Duda); "Pedagogie integree des langues maternelle et seconde. La conscience des problemes chez les enseignants et chez les enseignes"…

Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL), 1985

1985-01-01

252

David Wood - Uses and Functions of Formulaic Sequences in Second-Language Speech: An Exploration of the Foundations of Fluency - The Canadian Modern Language Review \\/ La revue canadienne des langues vivantes 63:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formulaic sequences are fixed combinations of words that have a range of functions and uses in speech production and communication, and seem to be cognitively stored and retrieved by speakers as if they were single words. They can facilitate fluency in speech by making pauses shorter and less frequent, and allowing longer runs of speech between pauses. The present study

David Wood

253

S.O.S. ... Didactique des langues etrangeres en danger... intendance ne suit plus... S.O.S. (S.O.S. ... Foreign Language Instruction in Danger... Steward No Longer Following... S.O.S.).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses causes for the problems in language instruction in France, and offers suggestions for improving the situation, including greater communication among language professionals, greater flexibility to instructional change, and greater attention to the student. (AM)

Galisson, Robert

1977-01-01

254

Didactique des langues etrangeres: De quoi parle-t-on quand on parle de grammaire? (Didactic of Foreign Languages: What Are We Talking About When We Talk About Grammar?).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the term "grammar" in the context of second-language teaching and learning looks at various approaches to/definitions of grammar, including linguistic, psychological, sociological, and pedagogical grammars. Pedagogical grammars are viewed as learning tools for the second-language classroom, and their properties and components are…

Berche, Merce Pujol

1998-01-01

255

Etude du style d'apprentissage d'etudiants inscrits a un programme de didactique de langues secondes (Study of the Learning Style of Students Enrolled in a Program of Second Language Pedagogy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified the learning styles of 44 second-language teacher trainees at the University of Ottawa (Ontario) and explored the relevance of learning-style awareness in the context of teacher education. Results show a predominance of the "reflector" mode in this population, suggesting a pedagogical approach that allows learning-style…

Theberge, Mariette; LeBlanc, Raymond

1998-01-01

256

L'enseignement de l'espagnol aux francophones (Pour une didactique des langues "voisines") (The Teaching of Spanish to Speakers of French [Toward a Didactic of "Neighbor" Languages])  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of whether apparent similarity of two languages really facilitates the learning process is raised. Linguistic and pedagogical problems involved in the instruction of languages which resemble each other are discussed. (Text is in French.) (TL)

Dabene, Louise

1975-01-01

257

Reflexions sur la Methodologie Audio-Visuelle Structuro-Globale en Regard des Principes Generaux de la Didactique des Langues Secondes (Thoughts on the Structural-Global Audio-Visual Methodology in Second Language Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of second language teaching is reviewed in this article, written in French, and recognition is given to the influences of linguistics, biology, psychology, and the history of language teaching on present day methodology. Aspects of language teaching methods related to audiovisual and structural-global techniques are identified as (1)…

Plastre, Guy

258

La Description des langues naturelles en vue d'applications linguistiques: Actes du colloque (The Description of Natural Languages with a View to Linguistic Applications: Conference Papers). Publication K-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presentations from a colloquium on applications of research on natural languages to computer science address the following topics: (1) analysis of complex adverbs; (2) parser use in computerized text analysis; (3) French language utilities; (4) lexicographic mapping of official language notices; (5) phonographic codification of Spanish; (6)…

Ouellon, Conrad, Comp.

259

L'enseignement des langues: Pour qui? Pour quoi? (Language Teaching: For Whom? For What Purpose?). Proceedings of the annual Symposium of the Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics (7th, Sherbrooke, Canada, May 6, 1976). Publication B-62.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 16 papers in French and English deal with questions related to the purpose of learning a language, one's native language as well as a second one. Specifically, the presentations deal with the following topics: (1) consideration of learners' needs; (2) the usefulness of learning English in Quebec; (3) the tension between knowledge and…

Taggart, Gilbert, Ed.

260

Rodrigues, C. ( paratre en 2012). "Analyse des potentialits d'un dispositif mdiatis pour les rgulations pdagogiques dans la production crite en FLE". Revue Alsic (Apprentissage des langues et systmes  

E-print Network

Rodrigues, C. (à paraître en 2012). "Analyse des potentialités d'un dispositif médiatisé pour les les régulations pédagogiques dans la production écrite en FLE Christine Rodrigues Christine RODRIGUES Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand. Courriel : Christine.Rodrigues@univ-bpclermont.fr. Toile : http

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

261

Rodrigues, C. & Wigham, C. R. ( paratre en 2013). Les apports d'un monde synthtique pour l'apprentissage du vocabulaire en langue trangre . Les cahiers de l'Acedle, Recherches en didactique des  

E-print Network

Rodrigues, C. & Wigham, C. R. (à paraître en 2013). « Les apports d'un monde synthétique pour l étrangère Christine Rodrigues ; Ciara R. Wigham Clermont Université, Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Langage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

262

Foucher, A.-L, Rodrigues, C. & Pothier, M. (2009). "Le projet Amalia (Aide Multimdia l'Apprentissage des Langues Interactif et Autonomisant)". Philologia nXIX -tudes Franaises en Slovaquie, Bratislava  

E-print Network

1 Foucher, A.-L, Rodrigues, C. & Pothier, M. (2009). "Le projet Amalia (Aide Multimédia à l INTERACTIF ET AUTONOMISANT) Anne-Laure FOUCHER, Christine RODRIGUES, Maguy POTHIER Laboratoire de Recherche@lrl.univ-bpclermont.fr, rodrigues@lrl.univ-bpclermont.fr, pothier@lrl.univ- bpclermont.fr Aider à apprendre, dans les situations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

2009-01-01

263

Homogeneite et heterogeneite de la langue latine selon Varron et Aulu-Gelle: aspects historique, social et fonctionnel (Homogeneity and Heterogeneity in the Latin Language According to Varron and Aulu-Gelle: Historic, Social and Functional Aspects).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the many Latin texts that provide views on language, and in particular on linguistic change and variation, Varro's "De Lingua Latina" and Gellius'"Noctes Atticae," provide good examples of the perspectives of the stoic philosopher and of the antiquarian philologist. Stoics suggest that language was created as perfect as possible. In this view,…

Amacker, Rene

2001-01-01

264

2003. Lentin, J. et Lonnet, A. (ds.), Mlanges David Cohen. Etudes sur le langage, les langues, les dialectes, les littratures, offertes par ses lves, ses collgues, ses amis. Prsents l'occasion de son quatre-vingtime  

E-print Network

Djibouti, nous souhaitons apporter une pierre à l'édifice en cours. Nous avons choisi l'afar pour plusieurs.V.), en République de Djibouti (M.-Cl. S.-S.)3 et auprès d'informateurs 1 Voir D. Cohen, 1984 et 1989. 2 Erythrée, Afambo (Af), Bal`obbuy (Ba), Gala`lo (Ga) et Ingal (In) ; pour l'afar du Sud, à Djibouti, Adoyla

Boyer, Edmond

265

2014 -Les enjeux www.cevipof.com  

E-print Network

Vote des Français de Mitterrand à Sarkozy : 1988-1995-2002-2007, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, Académique, 2012, 304 p. http://www.cairn.info/le-vote-des-francais-de-mitterrand-a-sarkozy--9782724612127

Boyer, Edmond

266

Introduction Report 15 of the Consortium project \\Seismic Waves in Complex 3-D Structures"  

E-print Network

Paris, France), Klaus Helbig (Hannover, Germany), Tijmen Jan Moser (Jason, Amsterdam, Nether- lands (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison, France), Stefan Buske (Free University Berlin, Germany), Leo, Germany), Dirk Rossler (University of Postdam, Germany) and Bjorn Ursin (Tech. University Trondheim

Cerveny, Vlastislav

267

A Comparative Analysis of Information Technology Strategy in American Airlines and French Railways (France)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In choosing the computerised reservation system Sabre, SNCF (Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer Francais) was hoping to benefit from the same strategic advantage this technology brought to American Airlines during the deregulation of US air transport in the 1980s. However, the adoption of a new transport distribution model based on the deregulated US air industry proved to be controversial,

Nathalie N. Mitev

1998-01-01

268

COMPUTATIONAL CLASS FIELD THEORY H. Cohen  

E-print Network

, at the invitation of the Middle-East Technical Univer* *sity (METU) and of the Institut Culturel Fran,cais d* * they will allow us to predict the existence of new number fields from old ones as Ab* *elian extensions. Once

Cohen, Henri

269

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (15th, Quebec, Canada, March 15-16, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language research in this volume include the following: "Temporalite en francais de France. Differences dans la conceptualisation du temps et son expression dans un texte narratif oral" ("Differences in the Conceptualization of Time and Its Expression in Oral Narratives") (Natalia Dankova); "La traduction des textes womanist: le cas de…

Goulet, Marie-Josee, Ed.

270

Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics), Volume 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers in linguistics, all in French, are presented. "La delocutivite lexicale en francais standard: esquisse d'un modele derivationnel" ("Lexical Delocutivity in Standard French: Sketch of a Derivational Model"), by Marc Bonhomme, examines the process by which certain expressions become neologisms. "La terminologie de l'Essai de grammaire…

Py, Bernard, Ed.; Rubattel, Christian, Ed.

1989-01-01

271

Melanges, No. 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Ethnographie comparee de la salle de classe en France et en grande-Bretagne" (Comparative Ethnography of the Classroom Environment in France and Great Britain) (F. Carton); "Pour une approche micro et macro du francais parle dans la formation des enseignants de FLE" (Toward a Micro and…

Melanges, 1997

1997-01-01

272

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth in a continuing series of bulletins dealing with international approaches and problems in language instruction in the military. Articles contained in this volume include: (1) "Connaissez-vous Milivox?"/"Do You Know about Milivox?," (2) "L'Audiomil Francais," (3) "An Attempt at the Construction of a Phonetic Discrimination Test…

Collins, K. E., Ed.

273

Actes des journees de linguistique: Colloque sur la recherche etudiante (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference: Colloquium on Student Research) (Quebec, Canada, March 18-19, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presentations by students at a colloquium on student research on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the University of Laval's Faculty of Letters, March 18-19, 1988, include: "Une enquete sur la qualite du francais ecrit au Quebec"; "Amenagement linguistique et neologie"; "Analyse syntaxique des 'arrets et retours' en arabe morocain parle";…

Lepage, Danielle, Ed.; Dominik, Annette, Ed.

274

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin of Speakers") (Chantal…

Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

275

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1985 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains four articles in French and three in English, including: "Lire et comprendre un texte informatif (Reading and understanding an Informative Text)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascale Fade); "Les nouveaux diplomes de Francais Language Etrangere: Le D.E.L.F. et le D.A.L.F. (The…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1985

1985-01-01

276

Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

2001-01-01

277

Indexing Price Trends of French Academic Books in the Humanities and Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides data on price trends for French academic books in the humanities and social sciences for the years 1986-90 based on information from the "Bulletin Critique du Livre Francais," a monthly book-reviewing journal. A method for developing a price index for this material is demonstrated. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)

Austin, Ronald E.

1994-01-01

278

Report on a Fulbright Year in France: Toulouse-Le Mirail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the experience which seemed to bear out the diagnosis of French history, character, and culture in "Le mal francais" by Peyrefitte. Intra-departmental relationships, the curriculum, course content, student life and attitudes, the physical plant, and the examination system are among the topics discussed. (AMH)

Emblidge, David

1979-01-01

279

Implementing "Voix et Images de France, Part 1," in American Schools and Colleges. Section 1, Principles of Audio-Visual Language-Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principles of the "St. Cloud" audiovisual language instruction methodology based on "Le Francais fondamental" are presented in this guide for teachers. The material concentrates on course content, methodology, and application--including criteria for selection and gradation of course content, a description of the audiovisual and written language…

Renard, Colette; And Others

280

On the Origin and Nature of Standard English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses origin of word "standard" and how it came to be applied to language; emergence in classical times of concept of "best" Greek and Latin, and how this had profound influence on development of high vernaculars of Europe; establishment of "le bon francais" and "good English," and application of terms "standard" and "standard English" to…

McArthur, Tom

1999-01-01

281

Paradoxes in French-Language Instruction: Recent Social and Historical Research on Literacy in France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay on three recent books by outstanding scholars--"La raison scolaire" by Bernard Lahire, "Histoire de l'enseignement du francais du XVII[superscript e] au XX[superscript e] siecle" by Andre Chervel, and "L'ecole et la lecture obligatoire" by Anne-Marie Chartier--offers the opportunity to acquaint readers with French research on teaching…

Rockwell, Elsie; Galvao, Ana Maria

2012-01-01

282

The French Language in the Americas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual bulletin of the French 8 section of the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America is presented with the texts of papers read at both the 1969 and 1970 sessions. The 1970 papers, in French, include Jean Louis Darbelnet's "Etude Sociolinguistique des contacts entre 1'Anglais et le Francais au Canada et en…

Valdman, Albert, Ed.

283

ECMWF and ERS-1 Surface Winds Over the Arabian Sea During July 1995  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Institut Francais Pour la Recherche et 1'Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER) European Remote-Sensing Satellite (ERS-1), named IFR2, surface wind velocity data products are compared during July 1995 over the Arabian Sea.

Halpern, D.; Freilich, M. H.; Weller, R. A.

1998-01-01

284

Research Results in Three Large Televised FLES Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three research projects conducted by three major televised FLES programs attempted to assess the effect of follow-up activities by the classroom teacher. The programs involved in the projects were "Parlons Francais," the University of Illinois Foreign Language Instruction Project (Spanish), and the Denver-Stanford Project on the Context of…

Randall, E.S.

285

Die CREDIF-Methodik. Versuch einer kritischen Bestandsaufnahme (The CREDIF Methodology. An Attempt at a Critical Evaluation)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critique of the audiovisual courses of Level 1 produced by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etudes pour la Diffusion du Francais. Discusses the textbook "Bonjour Line" (for 8- to 11-year-olds), "Voix et Images de France" and "De Vive Voix" (both for those older than 11). (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

Firges, Jean

1975-01-01

286

French Video Cassettes Produced by the Ecole Commerciale de la Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris: Maximizing the Cultural and Linguistic Returns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of videotapes furnished with the "Valise du Francais des Affaires" from the Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris to teach business French. In the videotapes, French employers discuss the type of employee they would like to hire, and the problems they have encountered in some of the interviews they have conducted…

King, Charlotte P.

287

De l'analyse de contextes a la pedagogie des textes (From Analysis of Context to Pedagogy of Texts)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A detailed description of the "Dictionnaire contextual de francais pour la geologie." This study is used as an example of such a dictionary serving as a basic tool in the study of functional French. Such dictionaries can be useful in conceptual approaches to language learning. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Lehmann, Denis

1976-01-01

288

From CD-ROM to the WWW: Coming Full Circle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the challenges faced and solutions adopted in adapting the multimedia-rich "Varietes de francais" CD-ROM program to operate on the World Wide Web. The program runs locally to retrieve media resources, perform intelligent answer processing and data collection, and turns to the Web only when necessary for data transfer, external Web links,…

Burston, Jack

1998-01-01

289

An Analysis of Two Basic Word Lists for French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a method of determining which words should be selected as the basic vocabulary for French courses. Rather than using frequency as its criterion, this method defines lexical utility in terms of definition, inclusion, extension, and combination. The Quebec list and the Francais Fondamental are evaluated. (EJS)

Siliakus, H.

1978-01-01

290

An Application of Didactic Criteria to Courseware Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combines a software review with a suggestion for a format that will allow a fair comparison between similar software packages and will also be more complete, accurate, and meaningful to the potential user of the software. The software package "Le Francais Par Ordinateur" is reviewed by this method. (SED)

Decoo, Wilfried

1984-01-01

291

Games for the Foreign Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two marketing games are described, "Le Marche Francais" and "El Mercado: The Mexican Market Comes to Life in the Spanish Classroom." Both are patterned after a published game entitled "Market: A Simulation Game." The adaptation in each instance relied on simplifying the original game and presenting it in a form understandable to middle school…

McMillan, Nancy; Madaras, Susan W.

292

FDM Video Classe: Modes d'emploi pour la classe (FDM Video Class: Classroom Uses).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content and design of the videotape series FDM Video Classe, produced by the journal "Le francais dans le monde," are described and classroom uses suggested. The materials are from authentic television programs, selected to illustrate aspects of French culture. It is suggested that the teacher also provide students with supporting materials that…

Beacco, Marcella Di Giura

1996-01-01

293

Some Recent French Courses: Kindergarten to Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following courses of study in French at the primary level are described and evaluated: (1) "En Avant" (E. J. Arnold, 1966), (2) "Repondez s'il vous plait" (Copp Clark, 1975), (3) "Pour les Tous Petits" (Carleton Board of Education, 1974), (4) "Dansons la Capucine (Clarke Irwin, 1973), and (5) "Le Francais Partout: Aux Yeux des Petits" (Holt,…

Weinrib, Alice

1976-01-01

294

Television en classe!: L'experience "FDM video plus" (Television in Class!; The FDM Video Plus Experiment).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems and value of television as instructional material for the second-language classroom are discussed, and a new videocassette series produced by the journal "Francais dans le Monde" is described. Criteria for topic and segment selection are outlined, and suggestions are made for classroom use. (MSE)

di Giura, Marcella Beacco

1994-01-01

295

Current Approaches to the Teaching of Foreign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers presented at a language conference are compiled in this report. They include: (1) "Le Francais au Pot-Pourri," or "Adapting the 'Open-Classroom' to the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (2) "We Can Teach Anyone to Speak French," (3) "The Use of Puppetry in the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (4) "A New Perspective for Integrated Foreign…

Barrett, Martin T.; And Others

296

En Francasis: A Supplement of Classroom Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This classroom activity supplement is designed to accompany the "En Francais" language instruction series (programs 1-13) used on closed circuit television in South Carolina. It is intended to enrich classroom follow-up of the film program and to prvide a variety of activities and suggestions for teaching French language skills. Lessons introduce…

Enwall, Beverly; Joiner, Elizabeth

297

Teaching with "Voix et Images de France"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report on the classroom use of Voix et Images de France," the French text prepared by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etude pourla Diffusion du Francais (CREDIF) at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Saint-Cloud in France. (FB)

Marrow, G. D.

1970-01-01

298

Alternative Approaches to Staffing the Elementary Foreign Language Program: Cost and Time vs. Achievement and Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a Ph.D. dissertation on an experiment involving the teaching of French with the widely used "Parlons francais" course to three groups of Grade 4 students, this article compares and evaluates the methods of staffing and implementing these FLES programs described in the report. The institutional approach methods assessed are--(1) Classroom…

Otto, Frank

1968-01-01

299

The Training of Modern Language Teachers in Various Countries. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 20. Selected papers from the Association Internationale pour la Recherche et la Diffusion des Methodes Audio-Visuelles et Structuro-Globales Seminar (5th, August 27-September 1, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected papers that address theoretical and practical training of the modern language teacher and language teaching experiments in various countries are presented. Some of the articles included are the following: "Les problemes de la formation linguistique et pedagogique des professeurs de francais en Afrique Subsaharienne" (The Problems of the…

Nivette, Jos, Ed.

300

French for Journalists: Classroom Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of authentic materials for an advanced French course for students of journalism and communication has the drawback that authentic French sources assume a regular, informed readership sharing the same culture and history. A solution found at Ohio University is to use a publication that bridges the two cultures, such as the "Journal francais

Rodina, Herta

301

Short Curriculum Vitae Robert Scheichl  

E-print Network

Short Curriculum Vitae Robert Scheichl Department of Mathematical Sciences University of Bath Bath, University of Bath, UK. · Jan 2001 ­ Jan 2002: Marie-Curie Fellowship, Institut Francais du Petrole, Paris, France. · Feb 2002 ­ Aug 2010: Lecturer in Applied Mathematics, University of Bath, UK. · Sep 2010 ­ Oct

Scheichl, Robert

302

Short Curriculum Vitae Robert Scheichl  

E-print Network

Short Curriculum Vitae Robert Scheichl Department of Mathematical Sciences University of Bath Bath, University of Bath, UK. · Jan 2001 ­ Jan 2002: Marie-Curie Fellowship, Institut Francais du Petrole, France. · Feb 2002 ­ Aug 2010: Lecturer in Applied Mathematics, University of Bath, UK. · Sep 2010 ­ Now: Senior

Burton, Geoffrey R.

303

Development of a New Stratigraphic Trap Exploration Using Elastic-Wave Seismic Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vecta acquired 9 square miles of 9-C seismic data in Mountrail County, North Dakota with the Mission Canyon shoreline as a primary target. Vecta contracted the Institute Francais du Petrole in order to co-develop a more rigorous multicomponent seismic interpretation product. The final interpretation was very unique in that it utilized not only the 9-C seismic data but also the

Bryan DeVault

2008-01-01

304

Mark o Jesenšek : The Slovene Language in the Alpine and Pannonian Language Aria. The history of the Slovene Language  

E-print Network

—??174??— Slavia Centralis 1/2009 Ocene, zapiski – Reviews, Notes MARKo JESENŠEK: The sLO- veNe LANguAge iN The ALpi- Ne AND pANNONiAN LANguAge ARiA. The hisTORy Of The sLOveNe LANguAge. Kraków: Towarzystwo Autorów i Wydawców Prac Naukowych... jezikovnega razliko- vanja v ?asu ideje o Zedinjeni Sloveniji; jezikovne razmere so bile na Slovaškem druga?ne in so vodile v nastanek samo- stojnega slovanskega jezika. —??175??— Ocene, zapiski – Reviews, Notes V nadaljevanju se avtor ustavlja ob vprašanju...

Ul?nik, Natalija

2009-01-01

305

A L'UNIVERSITE DE PARIS VII Pour obtenir le  

E-print Network

'ATLAS SOLAIRES EN EUROPE A L'AIDE DE MESURES SATELLITAIRES METEOSAT (ANNEES 1983, 1984 et 1985). Soutenue le 9 Recherche Energie et Environnement à Paris VII d'avoir été mon directeur de Thèse. Je remercie M. MONGET'Agence Française pour la Maîtrise de l'Energie, M. NEIRAC, de l'Ecole des Mines de Paris, M. FILLIUUX du Centre

306

INTRODUCTION Le savoir anthropologique  

E-print Network

techniques, les sciences, les institutions sociales, les religions, les langues, les arts, tout ce qui distinguer les stratégies d'adaptation humaines de celles en grande partie instinctives des animaux. Beaucoup

Boyer, Edmond

307

Jean-Max Noyer Universit Nice Sophia Antipolis  

E-print Network

« souhaite ». 1 Je viens donc d'un continent, d'un vieux continent où les langues sont nombreuses et les identités multiples. Je suis d'un continent tissé de narrations diverses. J'habite des territoires dont les

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

308

Facult des arts et des sciences Dpartement de science politique  

E-print Network

doivent être effacés des langues modernes. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Émile, ou De l'éducation Premier article-huitième siècle : Machiavel, James Harrington, Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau et Immanuel Kant. Puis, nous

Leclercq, Remi

309

Facult de Psychologie et des Sciences de l'Education Analyse critique des fondements de  

E-print Network

). Capital humain, niveau d'instruction et performances scolaires. Des concepts à leur mesure. In Capital humain et croissance régionale. Quatorzième Congrès des Economistes belges de Langue française. Charleroi

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

310

Semestre 1 Semestre 2 UE 70 : Connaissance de l'environnement du projet  

E-print Network

film d'animation · Le jeu de l'acteur · Communication écrite et orale UE 82 : Langues étrangères (2 choix) · Scénographie · Initiation à la réalisation et au montage de films documentaires · Initiation au

Sart, Remi

311

Interpreting conversations in pathological Manuel Rebuschi1  

E-print Network

Traitement Informatique de la Langue Fran¸caise Schizophrenia is well-known among mental illnesses for the severity of the thought disorders it involves, and for their widespread and spectacular mani- festations

Boyer, Edmond

312

Influence de la forme du palais sur la variabilit articulatoire Jana Brunner1  

E-print Network

Influence de la forme du palais sur la variabilité articulatoire Jana Brunner1 , Pascal Perrier2 et triangle où la langue est la base, et le palais les deux cotés. Si la position verticale de la langue change un peu, la surface du quadrilatère change plus que la surface du triangle. En d'autres termes

Boyer, Edmond

313

(Biotechnology for the conversion of lignocellulosics)  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of the traveler's participation in the International Energy Agency (IEA) Network planning meeting for Biotechnology for the Conversion of Lignocellulosics,'' held at the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), Rueil-Malmaison, France. It also summarizes the results of discussions held at Aston University, Birmingham, UK, with Dr. Martin Beevers with whom the traveler is attempting to initiate a collaborative research project that will be beneficial to ongoing research programs at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The itinerary for the trip is given in Appendix A; the names of the people contacted are listed in Appendix B. Also, pertinent information about the Institut Francais du Petrole is attached (Appendix C). 1 tab.

Woodward, J.

1990-10-25

314

Geologic and structural map of eastern Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A synthesis of the onshore and offshore geologic data of eastern Asia, prepared by the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), has allowed the construction of geologic and structural maps for this region. These maps include three color sheets (scale = 1:2.5 million) and three plates of geologic and structural cross sections. Located between lat. 4° and 35°N, and long. 106°

J. Letouzey; L. Sage

1986-01-01

315

POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access European Porphyria Network (EPNET) for  

E-print Network

data, quality and equity of service Jean-Charles Deybach1 , Samantha Parker2* , Mike Badmiton3 , Sverre programme. Author details 1 Centre Francais des porphyries, INSERM U773, Hôpital Louis Mourier, 178 rue des(Suppl 1):P16 http://www.ojrd.com/content/5/S1/P16 © 2010 Parker et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. #12;

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

316

Experience d'apprentissage bilingue precoce: Resultats des eleves de Monthey et de Sion a la fin de la 2e Anee Primaire, Annee 1998/99 (Experience of Preschool Bilingual Education: Results from Students in Monthey and Sion at the End of Second Grade, 1998/99 Year).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1994-1995 school year, the town of Sierre/Siders implemented and evaluated the first bilingual kindergarten class in the Valais canton of Switzerland. The following year the towns of Sion/Sitten and Monthey in the same canton also launched bilingual education classes. In these bilingual classes German is introduced as a second language…

Bregy, Anne-Lore; Brohy, Claudine; Fuchs, Gaby

317

La reussite scolaire de votre enfant: Pour aider votre enfant a mieux apprendre a la Maison et a l'ecole, de la 1re a la 9e annee. Manuel d'accompagnement a l'intention du parent = The Parent Advantage: Helping Children Become More Successful Learners at Home and School, Grades 1-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for French-speaking parents of students with learning disabilities in Alberta presents a variety of strategies parents can use to help their children in grades 1 through 9 become successful learners. Section 1 offers ideas for helping students get and stay organized, such as using self-talk to create a positive attitude and organizing…

Walker, Catherine; Antaya-Moore, Dana

318

From randomized trials to the clinic: is it time to implement individual lung-cancer screening in clinical practice? A multidisciplinary statement from French experts on behalf of the french intergroup (IFCT) and the groupe d'Oncologie de langue française (GOLF)  

PubMed Central

Background Despite advances in cancer therapy, mortality is still high except in early-stage tumors, and screening remains a challenge. The randomized National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), comparing annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) and chest X-rays, revealed a 20% decrease in lung-cancer-specific mortality. These results raised numerous questions. The French intergroup for thoracic oncology and the French-speaking oncology group convened an expert group to provide a coherent outlook on screening modalities in France. Methods A literature review was carried out and transmitted to the expert group, which was divided into three workshops to tackle specific questions, with responses presented in a plenary session. A writing committee drafted this article. Results The multidisciplinary group favored individual screening in France, when carried out as outlined in this article and after informing subjects of the benefits and risks. The target population involves subjects aged 55–74 years, who are smokers or have a 30 pack-year smoking history. Subjects should be informed about the benefits of quitting. Screening should involve LDCT scanning with specific modalities. Criteria for CT positivity and management algorithms for positive examinations are given. Conclusions Individual screening requires rigorous assessment and precise research in order to potentially develop a lung-cancer screening policy. PMID:23136229

Couraud, S.; Cortot, A. B.; Greillier, L.; Gounant, V.; Mennecier, B.; Girard, N.; Besse, B.; Brouchet, L.; Castelnau, O.; Frappé, P.; Ferretti, G. R.; Guittet, L.; Khalil, A.; Lefebure, P.; Laurent, F.; Liebart, S.; Molinier, O.; Quoix, E.; Revel, M.-P.; Stach, B.; Souquet, P.-J.; Thomas, P.; Trédaniel, J.; Lemarié, E.; Zalcman, G.; Barlési, F.; Milleron, B.

2013-01-01

319

"The Right To Speak Irish": representation de la langue gaelique en tant qu'enjeu de mobilisation militante en Irlande du Nord ("The Right To Speak Irish": Representation of the Gaelic Language as a Catalyst for Militant Activism in Northern Ireland).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Irish language movement in Northern Ireland was formed in the 1970s. Pragmatic and symbolic implications of this minority language revival considerably evolved, reflecting and depending on important political changes happening in this European province. This article focuses on the representation of Irish language and the most recent strategy…

Muller, Viviane

2000-01-01

320

Compte rendu d'une experience pedagogique. L'Enseignement de la competence de communication en langues secondes. (An Account of a Pedagogical Experiment. The Teaching of Communicative Competence in Second Languages). Acts of the Colloguium of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics. CILA Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three methodological "hypotheses" elaborated by the "Centre interuniversitaire de recherche pour le recyclage des maitres d'italien" are presented here. These hypotheses came from three teams of teachers working from different perspectives on sets of lessons for beginners of all ages. Each team's operative assumptions, type of text, guiding…

Brunet, J.; Jammot, M. T.

321

Didactique de la comprehension orale et sensibilisation aux langue etrangere. Tomes 1 et 2. Publications B-203 et 204. (The Teaching of Listening and 204. (The Teaching of Listening Comprehension and Sensitization to Varieties of Oral Spanish: Experiment in Foreign Language Teaching. Volumes 1 and 2). Publications B-203 and 204.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study, presented here in two volumes and entirely in French, investigated the usefulness of introducing different varieties of Spanish in the classroom to improve listening comprehension skills, and the capacity of students to understand language variations. The experiment was conducted during two quarters at the University of Laval (Quebec),…

Perron, Denise

322

Pour une ecole ouverte aux langues. Actes du Collogue organisi par le Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneve, Suisse, le 19 novembre, 1994) = Toward a School Open to Languages. Proceedings of a Colloquium of the Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneva, Switzerland, November 19, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of a Swiss conference on languages in education include: a brief preface about the conference topic; summaries in French, Albanian, German, English, Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese; background information on the conference; statistics on the home and community languages of Swiss elementary and secondary school students; the…

Goumoens, Claire de, Ed.

323

17/04/11 21:37Version imprimable : Numro 5 (2010) : "Strotypes en langue et en dis...f Frustration -Revue Interdisciplinaire "Textes & contextes" Page 1 sur 9http://revuesshs.u-bourgogne.fr/textes&contextes/document.php?id=1103&format=print  

E-print Network

...f Frustration - Revue Interdisciplinaire "Textes & contextes" Page 1 sur 9http of Frustration David ROCHE, MCF, Centre interlangues « Texte Image Langage » (EA 4182), Université de Bourgogne n'engendre pas moins la frustration puisque sa présence tant désirée ne fait que souligner son

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

324

L3 SPI Parcours mcanique page 1/5 Licence 3 SPI parcours Mcanique  

E-print Network

Communication 2 ECTS UEL Unité d'Enseignement Libre 2 ECTS Contenu détaillé Unité d'enseignement Objectifs'étranger, ou à l'intégration de la vie professionnelle LANGUE-S4 UEC 14 2 18h TD UEL Libre UEL 2 #12;L3 SPI 1 à UE 25 20 ECTS UEC Unité d'Enseignement de Communication 3 ECTS UEL Unité d'Enseignement Libre 2

Di Girolami, Cristina

325

Le Point sur... Astronomie III  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ce fascicule contient l'ensemble des textes du débat sur la cosmologie du big-bang entre Joseph Silk, Jayant V. Narlikar, arbitrés par Jean-Claude Pecker. Il regroupe également des articles de mise au point sollicités par le rédacteur en chef de la rubrique Astronomie des Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Les textes se proposent de faire découvrir aux lecteurs, dans les principales disciplines de l'astronomie, les résultats les plus remarquables des dernières années. Ces mises au point sur des questions particulièrement importantes de l'astronomie sont rédigées soit en francais, soit en anglais et accompagnèes d'une bibliographie dètaillèe.

Pecker, J.-C.

326

The reservoir engineering aspects of horizontal drilling  

SciTech Connect

Elf Aquitaine has drilled four horizontal wells in the past five years: three on land in France are part of a research and development program with the Institut Francais du Petrole; one offshore Italy where Elf is operator for an association which includes Agip. This paper presents criteria for chosing horizontal rather than conventional wells, and gives simple analytic formulas for the productivity and water coning. Production data collected on the four wells over a period of two to four years confirms these formulas. These criteria have helped select several new projects for horizontal drilling.

Reiss, L.H.; Giger, F.

1984-09-01

327

The new remote-controlled and multiangle bent sub (telepilote) for drilling trajectory and corrections  

SciTech Connect

A down hole adjustable and multiangle bent sub is now available to remotely control the well bore path during directional drilling operations, with the same bottom-hole assembly (BHA) configuration. This new patented tool is called Telepilote. SMF International (SMFI) and the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) have developed two different modes of actuation, either by dropping steel balls into the string bore (Mechanical Telepilote) or by sending an electrical signal (Electrical Telepilote). The paper describes the main dimensional and operational data and procedures and indicates the potential range of application in directional drilling due to the very specific characteristics of this new remote-controlled tool.

Boulet, J.G.; Morin, P.E.

1983-09-01

328

The new remote-controlled and multiangle bent sub (Telepilote) for drilling trajectory control and corrections  

SciTech Connect

A down hole adjustable and multiangle bent sub is now available to remotely control the well bore path during directional drilling operations, with the same BHA configuration. This new patented tool is called Telepilote. SMF INTERNATIONAL (SMFI) and the INSTITUT FRANCAIS DU PETROLE (IFP) have developed two different modes of actuation, either by dropping steel balls into the string bore (Mechanical Telepilote) or by sending an electrical signal (Electrical Telepilote). The paper describes the construction principles of the Telepilote modules (orientation and actuation) and indicates the operating conditions and range of applications in directional drilling. Association with the available steering tools and MWD systems is explained as well as future developments.

Boulet, J.G.; Bosch, J.R.; Laval, E.J.; Morin, P.E.

1983-02-01

329

FAS1000 Introduction l'interculturel Hiver 2015 Charg de cours : Martin Tailly  

E-print Network

et traduction dans l'Allemagne romantique. Brecht, Antigone Corneille, Le Cid Ducharme, Le Cid, « Préface au Modèle d'Antigone », « Notes sur les variations » Berman, « L'Énéide de Klossowski » Blanchot, Le schizo et les langues [extraits] Films Kaurismaki, Hamlet Goes Business Straub, L'Antigone de

Parrott, Lael

330

ccsd00000445, Making diagrams speak,  

E-print Network

raised by the presence of diagrams in a VIIth century Sanskrit mathematical com- mentary. Exploring di- agrammes dans un commentaire math#19;ematique en langue sanskrite datant du VII#18;eme si#18;ecle: A. Keller is a French CNRS researcher working on medieval sanskrit mathematics but also

331

L'Archive des origines Sanskrit, philologie, anthropologie dans l'Allemagne du XIXe sicle  

E-print Network

L'Archive des origines Sanskrit, philologie, anthropologie dans l'Allemagne du XIXe siècle Par la langue et les textes sanskrits. 1804 Friedrich Schlegel entreprend d'étudier à Paris les manuscrits sanskrits de la Bibliothèque nationale. En vingt ans, un double déplacement s'est opéré : l

332

Confrontos e confluências entre a sociologia da lin guagem de Bourdieu e teorias lingüísticas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Discussão das relações polêmicas que se estabelecer am entre a sociologia da linguagem de Bourdieu e lingüistas franceses, em to rno das noções de língua, comunicação e gramaticalidade. Palavras-chave: sociologia da linguagem, lingüística, língua, discu rso. Abstract: Discussion of the polemics relations between Bourdi eu's sociology of language and french linguists about the concepts of langue , communication and

Sheila Vieira de Camargo

2003-01-01

333

(2011). In B. Thatcher et K. St. Amant (eds), Teaching Intercultural Rhetoric and Technical Communication  

E-print Network

technical communication in France: Challenges and prospects Dacia Dressen-Hammouda Faculté des Langues Appliquées, Commerce, Communication Université Blaise Pascal Clermont-Ferrand, France The importance, Scandinavia and Great Britain. However, while writing instruction in France is heavily emphasized in primary

Boyer, Edmond

2011-01-01

334

Quand les Franais tutoient-ils ? Havu, Eva, Universit de Helsinki  

E-print Network

Quand les Français tutoient-ils ? Havu, Eva, Université de Helsinki Département des langues romanes romanes parlées en Europe, nous étudions les réponses au questionnaire données dans cinq villes françaises. Il s'agit d'examiner les différences entre six classes d'âge, sans tenir compte des différences

Boyer, Edmond

335

B.A. spcialis avec majeure en lettres franaises et Baccalaurat en ducation (Offered only in French) 156 credits (5 years)  

E-print Network

2740 La poésie FRA2780 Le récit FRA3759 Histoire de la langue française List B FRA3755 Le roman Sciences or Social Sciences. The faculties of Science and Engineering also offer many majors and minors electives (12classes). Notes 1 The Department will recommend the course FRA2520 to students of the program

Sankoff, David

336

Bilingual signed and spoken language acquisition from birth: implications for the mechanisms underlying early bilingual language acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Divergent hypotheses exist concerning the types of knowledge under- lying early bilingualism, with some portraying a troubled course marred by language delays and confusion, and others portraying one that is largely unremarkable. We studied the extraordinary case of bilingual acquisition across two modalities to examine these hypotheses. Three children acquiring Langues des Signes Que! be! coise and French, and three

LAURA ANN PETITTO; MARINA KATERELOS; BRONNA G. LEVY; KRISTINE GAUNA; KARINE TÉTREAULT; VITTORIA FERRARO

2001-01-01

337

Exploring the Ancestral Roots of American Sign Language: Lexical Borrowing from Cistercian Sign Language and French Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Sign Language (ASL) is the natural and preferred language of the Deaf community in both the United States and Canada. Woodward (1978) estimated that approximately 60% of the ASL lexicon is derived from early 19th century French Sign Language, which is known as "langue des signes francaise" (LSF). The lexicon of LSF and ASL may be derived…

Cagle, Keith Martin

2010-01-01

338

STAFF TRAINING PROGRAMME Franais pour le Personnel Universitaire  

E-print Network

méditerranéenne, cours de danse Flamenco et pot de départ. Coordinateur Prof. Vicente Castell, sous-directeur du optionnelle : cours de Danse Flamenco (25 par personne). VENDREDI 14 NOVEMBRE 09:00-14:00 Cours de langue 20

Cesare, Bernardo

339

Communication, langage et cerveau : du passé antérieur au futur proche  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this article is to share some reflection on the astonishing evolution of the ideas in communication neuroscience and neurolinguistics over the last 30 years, since the founding of the société de neuropsychologie de langue française. in particular, a number of conceptual and methodological advancements have characterized this period, many of which have been lead or heavily contributed

Y. Joanette; A. I. Ansaldo; S. Carbonnel; B. Ska; K. Kahlaoui; J.-L. Nespoulous

2008-01-01

340

The DELF in Canada: Perceptions of Students, Teachers, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Diplôme d'études de langue française" (DELF) has recently gained attention in Canada for its potential as a national French second language (FSL) proficiency test. This article explores the perceptions of students, teachers, and parents in various school jurisdictions across Canada on a range of issues related to the DELF test…

Vandergrift, Larry

2015-01-01

341

Cours Titre Professeur Horaire Local examen LNG 1010 Langage et cognition Daniel Valois Jeudi 16 h 19 h  

E-print Network

Local Cours Titre Professeur Horaire Local examen LNG 1010 Langage et cognition Daniel Valois Jeudi 16 h à 19 h LNG 1080 Lexicologie, sémantique et morphologie Mireille Tremblay Vendredi 8 h 30 à 11 h 30 LNG 1120 Histoire de la langue française Lundi 8 h 30 à 11 h 30 LNG 1125 Temps et espaces

Parrott, Lael

342

Towards Reusable NLP Components Amalia Todirascu  

E-print Network

Towards Reusable NLP Components Amalia Todirascu , Eric Kow , Laurent Romary , Equipe Langue et}@loria.fr Abstract We propose a methodology for transforming an NLP module into a reusable component. Introduction The availability of various NLP tools and linguistic resources for several languages opens

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

343

The Finite Element Analysis on Reinforced Concrete Short Pier Shear Wall Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper utilizes computer langue compiling calculational program and applies the plain-plate finite element model and integrate model to the structures of short-leg walls. The calculated results manifest that the new method is valid and reliable. Based on plain-plate finite element model, the ductility analysis of the short-leg shear walls with different flange width is studied.

Ling Zhang; Zhiyong Yang

344

Bilinguisme et biculturalisme: Theories et pratiques professionnelles. Actes du 2eme colloque d'orthophomie/logopedie (Neuchatel, 17-18 septembre, 1992). (Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Theories and Professional Practices. Colloquium on Orthophony/Logopedy (2nd, Neuchatel, Switzerland, September 17-18, 1992)).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference papers from a colloquium on issues in bilingualism and biculturalism include: "Le bilinguisme et biculturalisme: essai de definition" ("Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Attempt at Definition") (Francois Grosjean); "La variation individuelle dans l'acquisition d'une langue seconde" ("Individual Variation in Second Language…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1993-01-01

345

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fourth in a continuing series of bulletins dealing with international approaches and problems in language instruction in the military. Articles contained in this volume include: (1) "Drill Materials for Advanced Students," (2) "Comment un aveugle peut apprendre une langue etrangere"/"How a Blind Man Can Learn a Foreign Language," (3)…

Collins, K. E., Ed.

346

La parole, vue et prise par les etudiants (Speech as Seen and Understood by Student).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles on speech and second language learning include: "Les sequences de correction en classe de langue seconde: evitement du 'non' explicite" ("Error Correction Sequences in Second Language Class: Avoidance of the Explicit 'No'") (Anne-Lise de Bosset); "Analyse hierarchique et fonctionnelle du discours: conversations entre basketteurs a plus de…

Gajo, Laurent, Ed.; Jeanneret, Fabrice, Ed.

1998-01-01

347

Experiments in English for Special Purposes. Melanges Pedagogiques, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes four experiments in English for Special Purposes conducted by or involving the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues. English for Special Purposes is discussed in relation to language skills, grammatical and functional progression, "autonomization" and individualization of language acquisition, and…

Duda, R.; And Others

348

Information -Communication Communication des entreprises  

E-print Network

Information - Communication 2 PARCOURS Communication des entreprises Communication et solidarité;2 Information - Communication UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication PR�SENTATION Objectifs La Licence Information et communication est destinée aux étudiants qui souhaitent suivre un parcours

Sart, Remi

349

Stratgies de communication Mention : Communication, stratgie internationale et  

E-print Network

Stratégies de communication Mention : Communication, stratégie internationale et interculturalité 2 PARCOURS Communication des entreprises Ingénierie de la documentation technique multilingue Nature de la communication UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication PR�SENTATION Objectifs Cette spécialité

Sart, Remi

350

Communication et solidarit Mention : Communication, stratgie internationale et  

E-print Network

Communication et solidarité Mention : Communication, stratégie internationale et interculturalité 2 PARCOURS Communication des associations et des collectivités territoriales Conduite de projets solidaires Carnot (Clermont-Ferrand) #12;2 Communication et solidarité UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et

Sart, Remi

351

Evoluo das Linguagens Faladas IM-UFRJ 13/05/2009  

E-print Network

livros imperdíveis Evoluc¸ ~ao das Linguagens Faladas ­ p. #12;Dois livros imperdíveis Genes, Peuples et;Dois livros imperdíveis Genes, Peuples et Langues Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza Odile Jacob, Paris (1996

Liu, I-Shih

352

Integrating Linguistic Information from Multiple Sources in Lexicon Development and Spoken Language Annotation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, two related spoken language-oriented projects are presented. Both projects deal with integrating linguistic information from multiple sources. The first project described is the development of a multi-purpose central lexicon database including phonemic representations. Special emphasis is put on central availability and facilitating incremental development. The second project described is a spoken langue annotation project aimed at creating

Per Anders Jande

353

PVCA20120610 ORDRE DU JOUR DE LA RUNION DU CONSEIL D'ADMINISTRATION DE  

E-print Network

ligue de volleyball ­ Poly-Sport (David Cummings) 4. Bilan gala de l'implication 2012 (David Cummings) 5. Bilan Beach Party H-2012 ­ Poly-Party (David Cummings) PROPOSITION CA20120610-44 6. Administrateur. Bilan cours de langue H-12 (Huis clos) (David Cummings) 23. Adoption du PVCAHC20120329 ­ (mis sur table

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

354

llee pprrooggrraammmmee jjeeuunneess cchheerrcchheeuusseess eett  

E-print Network

historique des émotions au Moyen Âge Damien Boquet Economie des Intermédiaires en Information. Théorie et mesure Régis Breton Comment parler en public ? Les politiques des langues dans l'Empire de Russie, en. Philippe Dillmann 2 #12;le programme jeunes chercheuses - jeunes chercheurs 3 Lire le roman en Europe entre

van Tiggelen, Bart

355

12/09/2013 Tutoriel Pascal 1 Tutoriel Pascal  

E-print Network

INIST-CNRS Plateforme EBSCOhost Disciplines Sciences, technologies et médecine Langues Anglais, français et la recherche avancée sur la plateforme EBSCOhost. http://sicd1.ujf principales fonctionnalités de la plateforme EBSCOhost. http://spipbu.univ-lehavre.fr

Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

356

"I Want to Go Back to the Text": Response Strategies on the Reading Subtest of the New TOEFL[R  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the reading and test-taking strategies that test takers used on the "Reading" section of the "LanguEdge Courseware" (2002) materials developed to familiarize prospective respondents with the new TOEFL. The investigation focused on strategies used to respond to more traditional "single selection" multiple-choice formats (i.e.,…

Cohen, Andrew D.; Upton, Thomas A.

2007-01-01

357

MARIE-FRANCE BUREAU 1060 ave Bernard, app. 2  

E-print Network

MARIE-FRANCE BUREAU 1060 ave Bernard, app. 2 Montréal, Québec H2V 1V2 Rés. : (514) 214-3557 Travail : (819) 821-8000, poste 65446 marie-france.bureau@usherbrooke.ca Langues parlées et écrites : français et (Académie internationale d'orchestre de Pierre Dervaux, Saumur, France) 1985 : 2nd Prix, Concours de Musique

Spino, Claude

358

Do you want to travel and study French in France?  

E-print Network

Do you want to travel and study French in France? How about improving your French and learning answers to those questions are.... University of Calgary Group Study Program in Tours (France): Langue and milieu of France · Broadening one's mind and perspective · Learning to live and work in a group Printemps

Habib, Ayman

359

Relations entre le TAL et l'ALAO l'ALAO un "simple" domaine d'application du  

E-print Network

: questions de méthodologie en ALAO Public TAL et ingénierie de la langue : vision de l'apprentissage des, Michael Lockwood : "not so much artificial intelligence as incredibly rapid artificial stupidity, where : Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Language learning de R.W. Last, 1989 Critique de C Schwind parue dans

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

Course Descriptions Page 303Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog Education: Leadership (EDEL)  

E-print Network

of the importance and dimensions of issues related to human resources that lead to positive and productiveOuGh Middle ChildhOOd (3) This course addresses the development of children from birth through middle childhood with emphasis on the relationships between langu

Ravikumar, B.

361

KRIAJEVA Nadejda, Universit Blaise Pascal,  

E-print Network

of the Soviet era, and involve heated discussions about norms and the role of regional varieties of Russian. We shall also examine various recent attempts at setting up regional language policies in a number pression d'une autorité supérieure: du standard national, la langue russe «normée»1 , quoi que subissant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

362

Annexe 2 : Adresses de facturation Copies doubles avec marge  

E-print Network

Activités Physiques et Sportives (UFR STAPS) Université Blaise Pascal Campus des Cézeaux - BP104 63172 Aubière 30 000 UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication (UFR LACC) Université Blaise Pascal 34, Sciences Sociales, Sciences de l'Education (UFR Psycho) Université Blaise Pascal 34, Avenue Carnot 63037

Sart, Remi

363

Foreign-Language Pedagogy: Practical Applications to Theoretical Concerns. Selected Papers from the Loyola College Conference Entitled "Bridging Theory and Practice in the Foreign-Language Classroom" (Baltimore, Maryland, October 18-20, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the conference include the following: "Activites orales et motivation dans l'etude du vocabulaire d'une langue etrangere (Oral Activities and Motivation in the Study of Vocabulary in a Foreign Language)" (M. Guisset); "Bridging High School and College Classes through the Multicultural Approach: The Case of Francophone Africa" (T.…

Wieczorek, Joseph A., Ed.

1993-01-01

364

Une Experience C.R.A.P.E.L. (An Experience at C.R.A.P.E.L.). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July of 1971 and of 1972, meetings were held, in York and Nancy, respectively, organized by the University of York's Language Teaching Centre and by the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues. These meetings were attended by 80 British teachers of French and 80 French teachers of English at the secondary level. The…

Lagarde, J. P.; Boulanger, C.

365

Un Specialiste--Quel Specialiste? (A Specialist--Which Specialist?). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three reports describe courses in oral or written skills in English as a second language organized by the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues for groups of highly specialized learners (medical and forestry researchers and computer operators). Evidence is supplied for supporting the contention that a…

Abe, D.; And Others

366

The Sound and Video Library: An Interim Report on an Experiment. Melanges Pedagogiques, 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental sound- and video-library has recently been established by the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues at the University of Nancy II. This article describes the functioning of the library system and gives a brief explanation of the underlying pedagogical principles which have guided the design, choice of…

Riley, P.; Zoppis, C.

367

Evaluation in an Autonomous Learning Scheme. Melanges Pedagogiques, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of a discussion of the place and nature of evaluation within the autonomous learning scheme developed by the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues (C.R.A.P.E.L.). The center's commitment to the development of an autonomous learning scheme dates back several years. It is the outcome of an attempt to…

Henner-Stanchina, C.; Holec, H.

368

Apprentissage auto-dirige: Quand les chiffres parlent (Self-Directed Learning: Figures Speak for Themselves).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The functioning of the semi-autonomous learning system (SAAS) at the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues (CRAPEL) was surveyed for the academic year 1980-81. Detailed data were collected about learners' aims, language level, and their assessment of the SAAS, as well as about the way they actually used the system. This…

Abe, Daniele; Gremmo, Marie-Jose

369

PHI 2180 PHILOSOPHIE DU LANGAGE PROF.: MICHEL SEYMOUR  

E-print Network

contributions qui font la promotion du point de vue innéiste et individualiste de Noam Chomsky, Jerry Fodor et-SFORZA, Gènes, peuples et langues, Paris, Odile Jacob, 1996. -Fred d'AGOSTINO, Chomsky's System of Ideas, Oxford

Parrott, Lael

370

Third International Conference "Oriental Languages in Translation" Eve Feuillebois  

E-print Network

résidu qui, d'une langue à l'autre, ne passe pas" ; pour le poète Robert Frost, "poetry is what gets lost obstacles tenant à la nature même de la poésie, à la distance culturelle et chronologique qui nous séparent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

371

Fluctuations quantiques et instabilites structurales dans les conducteurs a basse dimensionalite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Un engouement particulier s'est manifeste ces dernieres annees pour les systemes electroniques fortement correles, ce en rapport avec l'immense richesse de leurs proprietes physiques. En general, ces proprietes sont induites par la presence d'interactions entre electrons qui, combinees a la structure du reseau moleculaire, donnent parfois lieu a une tres grande variete de phases electroniques et structurales ayant des incidences directes sur les phenomenes de transport dans ces materiaux. Les systemes electroniques couples a un reseau moleculaire et designes systemes electron-phonon font partie de cette classe de materiaux qui ont recemment capte l'attention, en raison notamment de la competition entre plusieurs echelles d'energie dans un environnement caracterise par une forte anisotropie cristalline et une dynamique moleculaire assez importante. En effet, en plus des proprietes electroniques et structurales particulieres la dimensionalite de ces systemes contribue egalement a leur richesse. Ainsi, une tres forte anisotropie structurale peut rehausser de facon considerable l'importance des interactions entre electrons et entre molecules constituant le reseau au point ou la physique du systeme soit regie par de tres fortes fluctuations. Ce dernier contexte est devenu un domaine a part de la physique des systemes fortement correles, a savoir celui des les phenomenes critiques quantiques . Parmi les systemes electron-phonon, on retrouve les composes inorganique KCP et organique TTF-TCNQ decouverts durant les annees 70, et explores en profondeur a cause de leur tendance vers une instabilite du type onde de densite de charge a basse temperature. Ces composes, en general designes systemes de Peierls en reference a l'instabilite de leurs structures electroniques regie par le reseau moleculaire, ont recemment connu un regain d'interet a la lumiere des nouveaux developpements dans les techniques de caracterisation des structures electroniques ainsi que sur le plan de concepts tel le Liquide de Luttinger, propres aux systemes electroniques a une dimension. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Dikande, Alain Moise

372

Approche de la discipline non-linguistique arts plastiques 1 dans l'enseignement secondaire du Bade-Wurtemberg  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé : L'introduction d'une première langue étrangère dès l'école primaire offre de nouvelles perspectives dans l'enseignement secondaire comme, par exemple, l'enseignement bilingue sous forme de modules. Pour suivre un tel apprentissage, le choix de la discipline est déterminant. La discipline non- linguistique « arts plastiques » associe, grâce à ses différentes approches, un grand nombre de caractéristiques requises pour cette

Stéfanie Witzigmann; Ecole Supérieure de Pédagogie

373

Humain behavior  

ScienceCinema

Le Dr.Muriel James est ingénieur, conseiller/consultant dans plusieurs commissions (p.ex.justice criminelle au Japon) et universités et est l'auteur de nombreux livres (11) traduits dans plusieurs langues. Le plus connu de ses ouvrages est "Born to win". Dans son exposé elle se réfère à son livre "O.K.Boss" et parle d'un modèle spécifique du comportement humain et de ses qualités essentielles qui est la base de son travail.

None

2011-04-25

374

De l'anaphore la corrlation, en passant par la subordination en hindi moderne Annie Montaut, INALCO (SeDyL, UMR8202)  

E-print Network

-207 Abstract Indo-Aryan languages still display a strong correlative system, as was the case in Sanskrit where vivant aujourd'hui, hérité du Sanskrit où il constituait la seule manière d'exprimer les relations de cas en sanskrit, langue à l'origine de tous les parlers indo-aryens : Renou (1930), et surtout Minard

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

375

Curriculum Vitae Roberto M. AMADIO  

E-print Network

. Directeur de th`ese: G. Longo (DR-CNRS). Mention: 110/110 cum Laude. S´ejours de courte dur´ee · Janvier. ´Etat civil: mari´e avec 2 enfants. Langues pratiqu´ees: fran¸caise, italienne, anglaise et allemande classe en 2003 (voie 1, promotion attribu´ee par la section). · Ao^ut 2002-Janvier 2003: Semestre

Aceto, Luca

376

Humain behavior  

SciTech Connect

Le Dr.Muriel James est ingénieur, conseiller/consultant dans plusieurs commissions (p.ex.justice criminelle au Japon) et universités et est l'auteur de nombreux livres (11) traduits dans plusieurs langues. Le plus connu de ses ouvrages est "Born to win". Dans son exposé elle se réfère à son livre "O.K.Boss" et parle d'un modèle spécifique du comportement humain et de ses qualités essentielles qui est la base de son travail.

None

2006-05-04

377

LA RECHERCHE DJ<~L'EAU OXYGXE DANS LE LAIT 145. suivant les quantits d'eau oxygne prsentes et suivant le degr-  

E-print Network

langue espagnole l' oeuvre de l'éminent savant danois S. ORLA-JENSEN « The lactic acid bacteria pouvoir de fermentation des hydrates de carbone, le type' d'acide lactique formé, la morpholoçie et toute résumer objective- ment les pouvoirs distinctifs de fermentation des bactéries, décrits doene la clé d

Boyer, Edmond

378

En philosophie, l'universit Paris-Sorbonne, dj les penseurs indiens le passionnaient... Et c'est tout naturellement qu'Alexandre Papas s'est orient vers l'histoire, celle de l'Islam, non sans avoir  

E-print Network

'est « tout naturellement » qu'Alexandre Papas s'est orienté vers l'histoire, celle de l'Islam, non sans avoir un travail plus ethnographique sur l'Islam d'aujourd'hui: d'une part sur les Salars, au Tibet, « une langue française sur le monde musulman décerné en 2006 par l'Institut d'études de l'Islam et des sociétés

van Tiggelen, Bart

379

A dictionary of Astronomy for the French Sign Language (LSF)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since a few years, the french deaf communauty have access to astronomy at Paris-Meudon observatory through a specific teaching adapted from the French Sign Language (Langue des Signes Françcaise, LSF) including direct observations with the observatory telescopes. From this experience, an encyclopedic dictionary of astronomy The Hands in the Stars is now available, containing more than 200 astronomical concepts. Many of them did not existed in Sign Language and can be now fully expressed and explained.

Proust, Dominique; Abbou, Daniel; Chab, Nasro

2011-06-01

380

Th`ese de doctorat presentee pour obtenir le titre de Docteur de l'universite de Paris VI  

E-print Network

. Yves Couder M. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes M. Philippe Gondret Rapporteur Mme Karin Jacobs Rapporteur M pour ^etre rapporteur de mon travail. Je remercie ´egalement Karin Jacobs d'avoir rapport´e conscien- cieux malgr´e la barri`ere de la langue, et d'avoir fait le d´eplacement jusqu'`a Paris pour assister `a

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

381

en un clin d'oeil ! Vie scolaire  

E-print Network

D'�VALUATION Variées. Plusieurs évaluations pour un même cours. LANGUES D'ENSEIGNEMENT Mandarin, les cours sont donnés en chinois (mandarin). � moins d'avoir un excellent niveau de mandarin, se faire pour améliorer son niveau de mandarin. Les renseignements sont disponibles auprès des professeurs de

Montréal, Université de

382

From Fact to Function: Aspects of the Work of the C.R.A.P.E.L. Melanges Pedagogiques, 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to describe certain characteristic aspects of the work of C.R.A.P.E.L. (Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues), and, in doing so, to outline the overall approach and the conceptual framework on which that work is based. The description of the nature and organization of C.R.A.P.E.L. is followed by a…

Riley, P.

383

First Analysis of the ?_5 Band of DNO_3 (deuterated Nitric Acid) in the 11 ?m Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The infrared spectrum of DNO_3 (deuterated nitric acid) was recorded at high resolution (0.0018 cm ^{-1}) in the 800 -1400 cm ^{-1} region on the Bruker IFR 120 HR Fourier transform spectrometer of Wuppertal. The analysis of the ?_5 A-type band of DNO_3 centered at 887.656 cm ^{-1} was performed taking use of the ground state parameters achieved by Drouin et al. This band is perturbed by several resonances. [1] Drouin, Miller, Fry, Petkie, Helminger, Medvedev, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 236 (2006) 29-34 [2] Acknowledgment: The work was supported through the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (research program LC06071) and scholarship of the French government (Bourse du Gouvernement Francais - Bourse de Doctorat en co-tutelle).

Koubek, J.; Perrin, A.; Beckers, H.; Willner, H.

2009-06-01

384

IFP offers three new process technologies  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole is offering three new processing technologies for license, including one for isomerizing normal C[sub 4] olefins to isobutylene. The latter process, called ISO-4, provides an economically attractive way for refiners and ethylene manufacturers to convert fluid cat cracker and steam cracker C[sub 4] cuts to methyl tertiary butyl ether, says IFP. In ISO-4 units, the catalyst moves continuously down the reactor bed. When it reaches the bottom, it is removed from the reactor, regenerated, and returned to the top of the bed, all continuously. With a constant flow of fresh catalyst, operations can run several years without shutdown for catalyst regeneration, IFP claims. The ISO-4 catalyst is the same type as that used in IFP's octanizing process. The low attrition rate and thorough, continuous regeneration cycle of the Octanizing catalyst result in long service.

Not Available

1992-11-23

385

Tropical Atlantic wind field variations during Sequal Preliminary results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Sequal (Seasonal Response of the Equatorial Atlantic) program has the objective to model correctly the dominant physical processes producing the seasonal redistribution of heat, mass, and salt in the upper ocean. The efforts of Sequal are greatly enhanced by the Focal (Francais Ocean et Climat dans l'Atlantique Equatorial) program. A knowledge of fields of wind stress over the tropical Atlantic is needed for the achievement of the Sequal objectives. The Sequal program makes use of the Fleet Numerical Oceanography Central (FNOC) 'Nogaps' wind fields as a first-guess field which will subsequently be modified. Nogaps is a global weather prediction model consisting of independent global wind and mass analysis submodels. The present investigation is concerned with some preliminary comparisons between Nogaps predictions and surface observations, taking into account monthly mean Nogaps fields and monthly means from a century-long ship report-based climatology.

Harrison, D. E.; Cardone, V. J.

1984-01-01

386

Global refining beyond the year 2000 - A European perspective  

SciTech Connect

A new French publication from Editions Technip contains a broad-based discussion on the economic and processing parameters that will shape the refinery of the future. Process experts from Institut Francais Du Petrole (IFP) have constructed a {open_quotes}road map{close_quotes} for refining and petrochemical flow schemes that should interest industry planners and decision makers throughout the world. The importance attributed to the characterization of crude oils and petroleum products is stressed. On a directional basis, the industry will see more emphasis on methodologies to improve existing conversion and separation processes. Buzzwords such as biorefining, refinery integrated information systems, petrochemical/refinery integration and many others will find a forum in future publications.

Gonzalez, R.G. [ed.

1996-01-01

387

Concrete production floating platforms  

SciTech Connect

The floating production platforms operating in the North Sea are adapted from drilling semisubmersibles which allow only a limited payload capacity. Experience of concrete production platforms constructed for the North Sea has led Sea Tank Co. to propose a floating platform which offers large payload and oil storage capacities similar to those of existing fixed platforms. Sea Tank Co. and Institut Francais du Petrole joined forces in early 1976 to study the feasibility of a concrete floating production platform incorporating the structure and the production riser together. The results of this 3-yr program show that the concrete floating structure is economically attractive for permanent utilization on a production site. Furthermore, concrete has definite advantages over other materials, in its long term behavior.

Letourneur, O.; Falcimaigne, J.

1981-01-01

388

Observations et Asteroseismologie de sous-naines de type B: Une nouvelle classe d'etoiles pulsantes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ce memoire recapitule les efforts d'exploration mis en place au cours des quatre dernieres annees dans la recherche de sous-naines de type B (sdB) pulsantes. Base sur des predictions theoriques definissant une bande d'instabilite centree autour de Teff ˜ 35000 K et log g ˜ 5.7, ce releve systematique dans l'hemisphere Nord avait pour objectifs: (1) de decouvrir des objets montrant des variations lumineuses, (2) de delimiter l'ampleur de ce phenomene dans le plan Teff - log g, (3) de determiner le degre de purete de la zone d'instabilite predite. Nous explicitons ici la strategie d'observation mise en place, la methode utilisee (photometrie rapide et presentons les resultats obtenus dont notamment la deconcerte de quatre sdB pulsantes oit EC 14026: PG 1047+003, KPD 2109+4401, KPD 1930+2752 et PG 0014+067. L'analyse des donnees recoltees nous permet tout d'abord de poser les bases d'une etude globale unique des caracteristiques de la classe des EC 14026 et, d'un autre cote, d'amorcer leur etude asteroseismologique.

Billeres, Malvina

389

Extracorporeal life support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: report of a Consensus Conference  

PubMed Central

The influenza H1N1 epidemics in 2009 led a substantial number of people to develop severe acute respiratory distress syndrome and refractory hypoxemia. In these patients, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used as rescue oxygenation therapy. Several randomized clinical trials and observational studies suggested that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation associated with protective mechanical ventilation could improve outcome, but its efficacy remains uncertain. Organized by the Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF) in conjunction with the Société Française d’Anesthésie et de Réanimation (SFAR), the Société de Pneumologie de Langue Française (SPLF), the Groupe Francophone de Réanimation et d’Urgences Pédiatriques (GFRUP), the Société Française de Perfusion (SOFRAPERF), the Société Française de Chirurgie Thoracique et Cardiovasculaire (SFCTV) et the Sociedad Española de Medecina Intensiva Critica y Unidades Coronarias (SEMICYUC), a Consensus Conference was held in December 2013 and a jury of 13 members wrote 65 recommendations to answer the five following questions regarding the place of extracorporeal life support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: 1) What are the available techniques?; 2) Which patients could benefit from extracorporeal life support?; 3) How to perform extracorporeal life support?; 4) How and when to stop extracorporeal life support?; 5) Which organization should be recommended? To write the recommendations, evidence-based medicine (GRADE method), expert panel opinions, and shared decisions taken by all the thirteen members of the jury of the Consensus Conference were taken into account. PMID:24936342

2014-01-01

390

France: late abortion.  

PubMed

In France, under the terms of a law passed by Parliament in 1975, a woman may have an abortion up to 12 weeks of pregnancy if she is a French resident and, in the event that she is a minor, she has parental consent. The woman must also have 2 medical consultations, a week apart. The woman is reimbursed by the state up to 70% of the cost of the abortion. After 12 weeks, abortion, except for therapeutic abortion, under the terms of Article 317 of the Criminal Code, is a crime, punishable by 6 months to 10 years in prison, a fine of between 1800 and 250,000 Francs, and loss of professional license. Moreover, Article 647 of the Health Code bans any advertising, incitement or propaganda for abortion or abortion-inducing products. Many French women go to Britain or Holland for abortions after 12 weeks, but they face the financial burden of traveling as well as the difficulties of getting help in a strange country and the stigma of having done something illegal. The Mouvement Francais pour le Planning Familial, which won the legalization of contraception in 1967, is now fighting for legal abortion as well as the distribution of information about sexuality, contraception, and abortion in the schools. 2 charges of incitement to abortion have been brought against the organization. PMID:12315825

Gaudry, D; Sadan, G

1989-01-01

391

Comparison of effectiveness of sub-slab ventilation systems for indoor radon mitigation: A numerical study; Comparaison a l`aide d`un outil numerique de l`efficacite des systemes de ventilation active du sol limitant la penetration du radon dans l`habitat  

SciTech Connect

The functioning of an active sub-slab ventilation system (SVS) has been studied successfully with the help of a previously evaluated numerical model. The parameters explored are the permeability of the sub-slab and the gravel placed beneath it, the amplitude of applied pressure at the installation point of the system and the functioning method: depressurization or pressurization. The mechanisms contributing to the success of the two systems are identified. This numerical study shows that the presence of a layer of gravel beneath the sub-slab considerably improves the performance of the SVS. Considered separately from the extremely permeable sub-slabs, the depressurization systems perform better than the pressurization systems. 17 refs. [Francais] Le fonctionnement des Systemes de Ventilation active du Sol (SVS) a ete etudie a l`aide d`un outil numerique precedemment evalue avec succes. Les parametres explores sont les permeabilites du sol et du gravier place sous plancher bas, l`amplitude de la pression appliquee au point d`installation du systeme, et le mode de fonctionnement: Depressurisation ou Pressurisation. Les mecanismes contribuant au succes des deux systemes sont identifies. Cette etude numerique montre que la presence d`une couche de gravier sous plancher bas ameliore de facon considerable les performances des SVS. Mis a part le cas des sols extremement permeables, les systemes de Depressurisation ont de meilleures performances que les systemes de Pressurisation. 17 refs.

Bonnefous, Y.C. [Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l`Etat, 69 - Vaulx en Velin (France). Lab. Sciences de l`Habitat]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Gadgil, A.J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Allard, F. [Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA), 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

1992-04-01

392

CO/sub 2/ fluxes in the tropical Atlantic during FOCAL cruises  

SciTech Connect

CO/sub 2/ partial pressures in the atmosphere and in surface seawater have been measured in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean during Programme Francais Ocean-Climat en Atlantique Equatorial cruises extending from July 1982 to August 1984 along the 4/degree/W, 22/degree/W, and 35/degree/W meridians. Gas transfer coefficients based on recently reported field data combined with information deduced from wind tunnel experiments are used to compute the CO/sub 2/ fluxes. The global mean net flux between 5/degree/N and 5/degree/S is equal to 1.05 mmol m/sup /minus/2/ d/sup /minus/1/ and is from the ocean to the atmosphere. The escape of CO/sub 2/ increases strongly from the east to the west and is always lower in the north than in the south. The importance of wind speed, pCO/sub 2/ in atmosphere, PCO/sub 2/ in surface seawater, and temperature on the flux variability is discussed. The relative influence of the equatorial upwelling on one hand and of the advection and warming of surface waters on the other hand is studied in order to explain high partial pressure in seawater. 59 refs., 15 figs., 5 tabs.

Andrie, C.; Oudot, C.; Genthon, C.; Merlivat, L.

1986-10-15

393

Satisfaction survey in general hospital personnel involved in blood transfusion: implementation of the ISO 9001: 2000 standard.  

PubMed

As part of its policy of constant quality improvement, Etablissement francais du sang (EFS) des pays de la Loire (Pays de la Loire Regional Blood Transfusion Centre) carried out a satisfaction survey among the hospital personnel involved in prescribing and using immunohaematological tests and labile blood products (LBP). The polling tool selected by agreement between the Saint Nazaire's hospital management and Quality Assurance (QA) Department was a questionnaire that permitted item rating and free commentary. It addressed the personnel's perception of the quality of erythrocyte immunohaematological (EIH) testing and of the products administered, as well as their perception of the quality of communications with the local EFS. The questionnaire was sent to 26 physicians and 32 senior nurses in 15 hospital departments. The reply rate was 60% and expressed an 85% overall satisfaction level. Dissatisfaction causes were more specifically analysed, the main one involving LBP distribution in emergency situations. A joint undertaking by the EFS and the hospital led to the implementation of corrective measures, including the writing and implementation of a common standard operating procedure for emergency transfusion management. The results obtained demonstrated the feasibility of this type of survey and the interest, to a blood transfusion centre and the hospital personnel involved in transfusion, of assessing their very own perception of service quality. PMID:15564097

Chord-Auger, S; Tron de Bouchony, E; Moll, M C; Boudart, D; Folléa, G

2004-10-01

394

Pilot scale production of cellulolytic enzymes by Trichoderma reesei  

SciTech Connect

The French substitute fuels program aims at the substitution of part of gasoline by methanol. In order to avoid phase separation of the gasoline-methanol blend, a cosolvant has to be added; one of the most efficient cosolvants is the mixture of acetone and butanol produced by anaerobic acetone-butanol fermentation. The Institut Francais du Petrole is thus implementing a research and development program on the production of acetone butanol from biomass, either sugar crops (fodder beets and Jerusalem artichoke) or lignocellulosic (corn stover and wheat straw). Production of sugars from lignocellulosics is a major part of this program. The enzymatic hydrolysis route, based on Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic enzymes, has been chosen since it does not cause any degradation of C/sub 5/ sugars which are good substrates of the acetone butanol fermentation. Efficient and cheap large-scale production of cellulolytic enzymes is thus a key step in this process. This paper reports on production of cellulases by Trichoderma reesei in a 3-m/sup 3/ pilot fermentor under conditions which should facilitate the scaling-up of the process. 7 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

Warzywoda, M.; Chevron, F.; Ferre, V.; Pourquie, J.

1983-01-01

395

Manifestation of nonlinear elasticity in rock: Convincing evidence over large frequency and strain intervals from laboratory studies  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear elastic response in rock is established as a robust and representative characteristic of rock rather than a curiosity. This behavior is illustrated from a variety of experiments conducted over many orders of magnitude in strain and frequency. The evidence leads to a pattern of unifying behavior in rock: (1) Nonlinear response in rock is enormous; (2) the response takes place over a large frequency interval (dc--10{sup 6} Hz at least); (3) the response not only occurs, as is commonly appreciated, at large strains but also at small strains where nonlinear response and the manifestations of this behavior are commonly disregarded. Nonlinear response may manifest itself in a variety of manners, including a nonlinear stress{minus}strain relation (hysteretic/discrete memory), nonlinear dissipation, harmonic generation, and resonant peak shift, all of which are related. The experiments described include: quasistatic stress{minus}strain tests (strains of 10{sup -4}--10{sup -1} at frequencies near dc-1Hz); torsional oscillator experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}7}, frequencies between 0.1 and 100Hz); resonant bar experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}8}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 4} Hz); and dynamic, propagating wave experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}6}--10{sup {minus}9}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 6} Hz). [Work supported by OBES/DOE through the University of California and the Institut Francais du Petrole.

Johnson, P.A. [EES-4, MS D443, Los Alamos Natl. Lab., Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)]|[Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bureau des Mecaniques, Tour 22, 4, Pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Rasolofosaon, P.N.J. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison Cedex (France)

1995-11-01

396

Oil viscosity limitation on dispersibility of crude oil under simulated at-sea conditions in a large wave tank.  

PubMed

This study determined the limiting oil viscosity for chemical dispersion of oil spills under simulated sea conditions in the large outdoor wave tank at the US National Oil Spill Response Test Facility in New Jersey. Dispersant effectiveness tests were completed using crude oils with viscosities ranging from 67 to 40,100 cP at test temperature. Tests produced an effectiveness-viscosity curve with three phases when oil was treated with Corexit 9500 at a dispersant-to-oil ratio of 1:20. The oil viscosity that limited chemical dispersion under simulated at-sea conditions was in the range of 18,690 cP to 33,400 cP. Visual observations and measurements of oil concentrations and droplet size distributions in the water under treated and control slicks correlated well with direct measurements of effectiveness. The dispersant effectiveness versus oil viscosity relationship under simulated at sea conditions at Ohmsett was most similar to those from similar tests made using the Institut Francais du Pétrole and Exxon Dispersant Effectiveness (EXDET) test methods. PMID:20723943

Trudel, Ken; Belore, Randy C; Mullin, Joseph V; Guarino, Alan

2010-09-01

397

Development of a New Stratigraphic Trap Exploration Using Elastic-Wave Seismic Technology  

SciTech Connect

Vecta acquired 9 square miles of 9-C seismic data in Mountrail County, North Dakota with the Mission Canyon shoreline as a primary target. Vecta contracted the Institute Francais du Petrole in order to co-develop a more rigorous multicomponent seismic interpretation product. The final interpretation was very unique in that it utilized not only the 9-C seismic data but also the new jointly developed software. A Mission Canyon anomaly was developed in 2006; however, it was of insufficient size to be a commercial target at the time. Therefore, Vecta analyzed the shear data for anisotropy within the Bakken formation and successfully reentered an abandoned producer within the project area and drilled a horizontal leg through the anomalous zones of the middle member of the Bakken formation. The well was open hole completed, swab tested, sand fraced, and swab tested some more. No shows of oil were ever seen from the Bakken formation, but the well yielded considerable amounts of formation water. The well has been abandoned as non-commercial. From the swab tests, one may conclude considerable permeability exists in the formation, thus confirming the utility of the shear wave to detect fractures within the targeted formation.

Bryan DeVault

2008-02-05

398

Utilisation de l'essai comete et du biomarqueur gamma-H2AX pour detecter les dommages induits a l'ADN cellulaire par le 5-bromodeoxyuridine post-irradiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ce memoire est presente a la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante de l'Universite de Sherbrooke en vue de l'obtention du grade de maitre es sciences (M.Sc.) en radiobiologie (2009). Un jury a revise les informations contenues dans ce memoire. Il etait compose de professeurs de la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante soit : Darel Hunting PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Leon Sanche PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Richard Wagner PhD, membre du programme (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie) et Guylain Boissonneault PhD, membre exterieur au programme (departement de biochimie). Le 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), un analogue halogene de la thymidine reconnu depuis les annees 60 comme etant un excellent radiosensibilisateur. L'hypothese la plus repandue au sujet de l'effet radio sensibilisant du BrdU est qu'il augmente le nombre de cassures simple et double brin lorsqu'il est incorpore dans l'ADN de la cellule et expose aux radiations ionisantes. Toutefois, de nouvelles recherches semblent remettre en question les observations precedentes. Ces dernieres etudes ont confirme que le BrdU est un bon radiosensibilisateur, car il augmente les dommages radio-induits dans l'ADN. Mais, c'est en etant incorpore dans une region simple brin que le BrdU radiosensibilise l'ADN. Ces recherches ont egalement revele pour la premiere fois un nouveau type de dommages produits lors de l'irradiation de l'ADN contenant du BrdU : les dimeres interbrins. Le but de ces travaux de recherche est de determiner si la presence de bromodeoxyuridine dans l'ADN augmente l'induction de bris simple et / ou double brin chez les cellules irradiees en utilisant de nouvelles techniques plus sensibles et specifiques que celles utilisees auparavant. Pour ce faire, les essais cometes et la detection des foci H2AX phosphorylee pourraient permettre d'etablir les effets engendres par le BrdU au niveau cellulaire. Notre hypothese (basee sur des resultats preliminaires effectues dans notre laboratoire) est que l'irradiation de l'ADN cellulaire en presence de BrdU augmentera le nombre de bris simple brin sans toutefois augmenter le nombre de bris double brin. Les resultats presentes dans ce memoire semblent corroborer cette hypothese. Les nouvelles methodes d'analyse, soient l'essai comete et la detection des foci gamma-H2AX remettent en question ce qui a ete dit sur le BrdU au sujet de l'induction des cassures double brin depuis plusieurs annees. L'ensemble de ces nouveaux resultats effectue a l'aide de cellules ayant incorporees du BrdU sont en correlation avec de precedents resultats obtenus dans notre laboratoire sur des oligonucleotides bromes. Ils reaffirment que l'irradiation combinee au BrdU augmente l'induction de bris simple brin mais pas de bris double brin. L'investigation approfondie des mecanismes d'action non elucides du BrdU au niveau cellulaire et son utilisation a des moments strategiques pendant le traitement de radiotherapie pourraient accroitre son efficacite a des fins d'utilisation clinique. Mots cles : 5-bromodeoxyuridine, dimeres interbrins, dommage a l'ADN, essai comete, H2AX, radiosensibilisateur, radiotherapie

La Madeleine, Carole

399

Good wives, family protectors: writing Jain laywomen's memorials.  

PubMed

While Jain religious models of virtue articulate the renouncer as the focus of virtue, Jains likewise participate in the western Indian discourse of women's virtue, which centers around the dedicated wife (pativrat?) and the virtuous woman (sat?). The parole of virtue in Jain dedicatory memorials can be seen as explicitly gendered; lay Jains are represented as the great patron or the dedicated wife. For Jain laymen who cannot be represented as great patrons, there is no langue to use to represent them. For Jain laywomen, the discourse of sat?s is invoked to frame the woman as virtuous and worthy of celebration-even in those memorials where women participate in the great patron model. These memorials are a place to examine how the telling of women's lives serves as a testing ground for competing ideologies and illustrates the patterns of negotiation between ideologies based on religious identity and gender. PMID:20799421

Kelting, M Whitney

2003-01-01

400

Dynamics of one-dimensional and two-dimensional helium adsorbed on carbon nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the dynamics of helium adsorbed on carbon nanotube bundles. The goal is to determine the vibrational properties of the 1D and 2D quantum solids that are stabilized on the nanotube bundle surfaces at different fillings of 4He. The mean square vibrational amplitude in the 1D solid is large with a Lindemann ratio of ?1D=(langu2rang)1/2/a1=0.25 comparable to bulk solid 4He. The ?2D is significantly smaller. The frequency density of states of the 2D solid, g(?), has a gap at ?sime 0.75 meV consistent with a commensurate lattice. The 1D solid has no gap or a gap smeared by disorder. The 1D and 2D g(?) are well described by dispersion curves having no gap and a gap, respectively, with some vibration along additional dimensions indicated.

Diallo, S. O.; k, B. Få; Adams, M. A.; Vilches, O. E.; Johnson, M. R.; Schober, H.; Glyde, H. R.

2009-12-01

401

Floridas Miami Tequesta Indian Site, Its Calusa Indian Locations, the Matacumbe Keys, and Orlandos Wikiwa Springs Generate Environmentally Significant EMFs.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Florida purchased the Tequesta ([Langue] doc Christ Spirit-signal) Indian site along the Miami River site that vigorously pulsates with even minor rainstorms entering or leaving the area. Although there is a laughable chimera of a fountain of youth associated with Ponce de Leons discovery of the Florida peninsula in about AD 1513, the Calusa (Royal Christ Jesus Spirit-signal) Indian Nation has an associated significance with EMF signals they possibly monitored throughout their area of activity. Our efforts have also led to the investigation of cultural and other influences implied by the Matacumbe Keys that indicate a shared commonality of awareness with Native Americans of the northeast such as Metacomet, or regions like Maines Grand Lake Matagamon and its associated electromagnetic Spirit Signal. Wikiwa Springs near Orlando shares much with Massachusetts (adherent of serpent Jesus Christ Spirit-signal) Natick, and New Hampshires Naticook Island. These are the locales of environmentally sensitive instrumentation.

Mac Dougall, Jean S.; Mc Leod, Roger D.; Mc Leod, David M.

2003-10-01

402

Conceptions et usages des plates-formes de formation, Revue Sciences et Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication pour l'\\'Education et la Formation  

E-print Network

Educative platforms are at the heart of the development of online education. They can not only be reduced to technological aspects. Underlying models impact teaching and learning from the preparing of lessons to the learning sessions. Research related to these platforms are numerous and their stakes are important. For these reasons, we launched a call to a special issue on "Designs and uses of educative platforms" An educative platform is a computer system designed to automate various functions relating to the organization of the course, to the management of their content, to the monitoring of learners and supervision of persons in charge of various formations (Office de la langue fran\\c{c}aise, 2005). So educative platforms are Learning Management Systems (LMS) which are specific to education contexts.

George, Sébastien

2006-01-01

403

Characterization of Saharan dust properties transported towards Europe in the frame of the FENNEC project: a case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the framework of the FENNEC experiment (6 to 30 June 2011) an effort has been dedicated to characterize Saharan dust plumes transported towards southern Europe. Hence, a multi instrumented field campaign has been conducted. Ground based nitrogen Raman LIDAR (GBNRL) has been deployed in southern Spain close to Marbella, simultaneously with airborne lidar (AL) performing measurements over both the tropical Atlantic Ocean and the western Africa (from 2 to 23 June). The GBNRL was equipped with co-polar and cross-polar channels to perform continuous measurements of the dust aerosols trapped in the troposphere. It was developed by LSCE with the support of the LEOSPHERE Company. The French FALCON 20 research aircraft operated by SAFIRE (Service des Avions Francais Instrumentés pour la Recherche en Environnement) carried the AL Leandre Nouvelle Generation (LNG) as well as a dropsonde releasing system and radiometers. A major, one week long, dust event has been sampled over Spain from 25 June to 1 July with high optical depth (>0.5 at 355nm) and particular depolarization ratios (15 to 25%). Backtrajectory studies suggest that the dust particles observed were from dust uplifts that occurred in Southern Morocco and Northern Mauritania. The event has been also documented 3 days before by the AL flying over Mauritania. AERONET sunphotometer measurements of aerosol properties, along the dust plume transport path appear to be coherent with both the lidar and the backtrajectory analysis. These analysis exhibit a likely major contribution from the Western Sahara sources to the Southern Europe. Such a contribution may impact the visibility and then the airtrafic, modify the tropospheric chemistry, and add nutrients to both the Mediterranean Sea and the continental surfaces. It can also affect the health of European populations. We will present strategy of the experiment and the case study built from measurements performed at the end of June.

Marnas, F.; Chazette, P.; Flamant, C.; Royer, P.; Sodemman, H.; Derimian, Y.

2012-04-01

404

Contribution of Arab researchers to ophthalmology: a bibliometric and comparative analysis.  

PubMed

Through history, Arabs and Muslims have made valuable contribution to medicine and science. The main objective of this study was to assess the contribution of Arab researchers to ophthalmology using bibliometric indicators. Published articles in "Ophthalmology" authored by Arab researchers were screened and analyzed using ISI Web of Science database. Worldwide research productivity in ophthalmology was 216,921 documents while that from Arab countries; Israel, Turkey and Iran were 2083, 2932, 3027 and 859 documents respectively. Those from Arab countries were published in 85 peer-reviewed ophthalmology related journals with 280 (13.44%) documents published in Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie. Among Arab countries, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had the highest (828 (39.75%)) research output followed by Egypt (461 (22.13%)) and Tunisia 210 (10.08). Countries with highest collaboration with researchers in Arab world in ophthalmology research were USA; (397; 19.06%) followed by England (92; 4.42%) and Spain (91; 4.37%). The most research productive organization in Arab countries was King Khalid Eye Specialist Hospital (396; 19.01%). Ophthalmology articles authored or co-authored by an Arab researcher had a total citation f 21098 with an average citation of 10.13 per document and an h-index of 51. In conclusion, the present data show promising increase but relatively low ophthalmology research productivity from Arab countries. Wide variation in research productivity do exists. Compared with other non-Arab countries in the Middle East, Arab countries showed lesser ophthalmology research activity than Israel and Turkey but higher than that in Iran. PMID:25674499

Sweileh, Waleed M; Al-Jabi, Samah W; Shanti, Yousef I; Sawalha, Ansam F; Zyoud, Sa'ed H

2015-01-01

405

Effets des electrons secondaires sur l'ADN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les interactions des electrons de basse energie (EBE) representent un element important en sciences des radiations, particulierement, les sequences se produisant immediatement apres l'interaction de la radiation ionisante avec le milieu biologique. Il est bien connu que lorsque ces radiations deposent leur energie dans la cellule, elles produisent un grand nombre d'electrons secondaires (4 x 104/MeV), qui sont crees le long de la trace avec des energies cinetiques initiales bien inferieures a 20 eV. Cependant, il n'y a jamais eu de mesures directes demontrant l'interaction de ces electrons de tres basse energie avec l'ADN, du principalement aux difficultes experimentales imposees par la complexite du milieu biologique. Dans notre laboratoire, les dernieres annees ont ete consacrees a l'etude des phenomenes fondamentaux induits par impact des EBE sur differentes molecules simples (e.g., N2, CO, O2, H2O, NO, C2H 4, C6H6, C2H12) et quelques molecules complexes dans leur phase solide. D'autres travaux effectues recemment sur des bases de l'ADN et des oligonucleotides ont montre que les EBE produisent des bris moleculaires sur les biomolecules. Ces travaux nous ont permis d'elaborer des techniques pour mettre en evidence et comprendre les interactions fondamentales des EBE avec des molecules d'interet biologique, afin d'atteindre notre objectif majeur d'etudier l'effet direct de ces particules sur la molecule d'ADN. Les techniques de sciences des surfaces developpees et utilisees dans les etudes precitees peuvent etre etendues et combinees avec des methodes classiques de biologie pour etudier les dommages de l'ADN induits par l'impact des EBE. Nos experiences ont montre l'efficacite des electrons de 3--20 eV a induire des coupures simple et double brins dans l'ADN. Pour des energies inferieures a 15 eV, ces coupures sont induites par la localisation temporaire d'un electron sur une unite moleculaire de l'ADN, ce qui engendre la formation d'un ion negatif transitoire dans un etat electronique dissociatif, cette localisation est suivie d'une fragmentation. A plus haute energie, la dissociation dipolaire (i.e., la formation simultanee d'un ion positif et negatif) et l'ionisation jouent un role important dans le dommage de l'ADN. L'ensemble de nos resultats permet d'expliquer les mecanismes de degradation de l'ADN par les EBE et d'obtenir des sections efficaces effectives des differents types de dommages.

Boudaiffa, Badia

406

Analyse des transferts de chaleur et de masse transitoires dans un arena a l'aide de la methode zonale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cette these presente les resultats d'une etude sur le mouvement de l'air et les transferts thermiques et massiques dans les arenas en regime transitoire et en 3D. Pour la partie aeraulique, il a ete question de developper un modele base sur la methode zonale qui permet de calculer les debits de l'air (dus a la ventilation et aux gradients de temperature) et de l'humidite entre les differentes zones du batiment et de determiner l'age de l'air dans chacune des zones. Pour la partie thermique, un modele de calcul du rayonnement entre les surfaces interieures du batiment qui a ete couple a TRNSYS afin de calculer sur une base annuelle les charges de chauffage et de refrigeration; ces dernieres tiennent compte des transferts radiatif et convectif, de la chaleur latente due a la condensation de l'humidite sur la glace et du surfacage. Le document presente est constitue de 7 chapitres qui peuvent etre resumes comme suit: Les chapitres 1, 2 et 3 sont consacres respectivement: a l'introduction generale, a la revue bibliographique et a la description du batiment modelise. Le chapitre 4 decrit l'approche developpee et la contribution importante qui y est apportee. Il presente l'utilisation de la methode zonale comme une alternative pratique aux methodes CFD car elle permet de realiser des simulations dynamiques sur une annee avec des temps de simulation tres courts et une precision acceptable. Il s'agit d'une approche intermediaire entre les modeles CFD et les modeles a un noeud d'air (considerant la temperature homogene dans un local). Le chapitre 5 est consacre a la methode de resolution numerique. L'outil de simulation a ete developpe en utilisant l'interface du logiciel TRNSYS: Le type 56 de ce logiciel a ete adopte comme modele energetique tandis que les autres modeles ont ete developpes et programmes en utilisant le logiciel MATLAB. Le chapitre 6 presente les resultats de simulation pour un arena sans faux plafond et avec un faux plafond et les resultats de mesures effectuees a l'arena de Camilien Houde pour la validation de son modele. Le chapitre 7 est consacre a l'etude de l'influence de certains parametres sur la charge thermique transmise a la glace et sur le confort thermique des spectateurs.

Daoud, Ahmed

407

Le changement comme tradition dans la recherche et la formation a la recherche en biotechnologie et en peripherie Etude de cas en sciences de la sante, sciences naturelles et genie  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Le champ de la recherche scientifique et de la formation a la recherche est traverse depuis quelques dizaines d'annees par plusieurs courants et discours associes au changement, mais peu de travaux empiriques permettent de comprendre ce qui change concretement. C'est la contribution originale de cette these au champ de l'education, plus specifiquement a l'etude sociologique de l'enseignement superieur ou sont concentrees les activites liees a la triade thematique du programme doctoral dans lequel elle a ete produite : recherche, formation et pratique. L'enquete-terrain a ete realisee en 2009 et 2010 aupres de 808 repondants affilies a 60 etablissements au Quebec et a produit un vaste materiau de nature mixte (donnees quantitatives et qualitatives). Un portrait de la nebuleuse biotechnologique qui touche les secteurs des sciences de la sante, des sciences naturelles et du genie a ete realise. Ce domaine concerne des dizaines de disciplines et se revele de nature transdisciplinaire, mais les pratiques n'y sont pas davantage marquees par le changement que celles d'autres domaines connexes. Les dynamiques sociales ont fait l'objet d'analyses comparatives dans quatre contextes: le choix des programmes, des objets et des methodes, le financement, la diffusion et la planification de la carriere. Les resultats indiquent que les echanges entre les agents traditionnellement situes au coeur des activites de recherche dominent ces dynamiques dans tous les contextes etudies. L'etude des representations au fondement des pratiques a revele l'existence de trois ecoles de pensee qui coexistent dans le champ scientifique: academique, pragmatique et economiste. Ces ecoles permettent de categoriser les agents en fonction des zones de fractures qui marquent leurs oppositions tout en identifiant ce qu'ils ont en commun. Les representations et les pratiques liees a la formation temoignent d'un habitus plutot homogene, alors que les contradictions semblent plus souvent ancrees dans des luttes universitaires que scientifiques, concentrees sur la negociation du capital scientifique, symbolique et economique en jeu dans la formation doctorale, dans les carrieres auxquelles elle mene, et dans les qualites du titre de Ph.D. Au final, la confusion entre des logiques opposees peut etre reduite en reinterpretant le changement comme tradition du champ scientifique. Mots-cles Sociologie, education, enseignement superieur, science et technologie, biotechnologie, formation doctorale, champ scientifique, reseaux sociaux

Bourque, Claude Julie

408

Synthese, etude structurale et electrochimique des materiaux d'electrode positive d'oxydes mixtes lithium cobalt nickel oxide (0 /= 1) pour les batteries rechargeables au lithium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Depuis une dizaine d'annees, on observe un interet grandissant pour les batteries rechargeables au lithium de tension superieure a 4 volts. La commercialisation de ces batteries pour l'electronique grand marche tend de plus en plus a supplanter celle des accumulateurs Ni-Cd et Ni-MH, de tension nominate 1,2 V. Ces batteries au lithium font appel a des materiaux d'electrode positive (cathode a la decharge) du type oxydes mixtes de metaux de transition LiMnO 2, LiMn2O4, LiNiO2 ou LiCoO2. Si le compose LiCoO2 est relativement aise a synthetiser, il n'en demeure pas moins que le cobalt reste un metal plus couteux compare au nickel et au manganese. La synthese de LiNiO2, quart a elle, demeure un probleme du point de vue stoechiometrique. Un defaut de lithium (5 a 10% molaire) conduira a des proprietes electrochimiques mediocres de la batterie. Dans cette etude nous nous proposons donc de preparer par voie humide et par voie seche les materiaux d'electrode positive de la famille LiCoyNi1-yO2 aver (0 ? y ? 1) et d'etudier en detail l'influence du pourcentage de nickel et de cobalt sur les proprietes electrochimiques des oxydes mixtes Li-Ni-Co. Une des caracteristiques est la morphologie plus fine des poudres de materiaux, observes par microscopie electronique a balayage (MEB). Un traitement thermique a plus basse temperature (750°C) que pour LiCoO2 (850°C) ainsi qu'un leger exces de lithium dans la preparation, ont permis d'aboutir a un materiau de stoechiometrie quasi parfaite. Neanmoins, le role de pilfer joue par 2 a 4% de moles de Ni2+ presents sur les sites lithium, permet de conserver intacte la structure hexagonale de la maille entre deux cycles consecutifs. Afin de mieux comprendre l'influence du vieillissement dune demi-pile Li/LiMeO2 (Me = Ni, Co) a temperature ambiante, des etudes electrochimiques et d'impedance spectroscopique ont ete menees en parallele. Le vieillissement de la cellule s'accompagne seulement dune chute de son potentiel due a son auto-decharge. Neanmoins, il est encore possible de la relancer en cyclage par la suite. Une baisse de la valeur de la resistance totale interfaciale et des frequences au sonnet semble indiquer une modification chimique et/ou structurale des films de passivations, pent-etre due a une transformation de ces films lors du cyclage ou a leur degradation. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Grincourt, Yves

409

Motivational beliefs, cognitive engagement, and achievement in language and mathematics in elementary school children.  

PubMed

The contextual differences in the patterns of relations among various motivational, cognitive, and metacognitive components of self-regulated learning and performance in two key curriculum subject areas, language and mathematics, were examined in a sample of 263 Greek primary school children of fifth- and sixth-grade classrooms. Age and gender differences were also investigated. Students were asked to complete the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ), which comprised five factors: (a) Self-efficacy, (b) Intrinsic Value, (c) Test Anxiety, (d) Cognitive Strategy Use, and (e) Self-regulation Strategies. They responded to the statements of the questionnaire on a 7-point Likert scale in terms of their behaviour in mathematics and language classes, respectively. Moreover, their teachers were asked to evaluate each of their students' academic achievement in Greek language and mathematics on a 1- to 20-point comparative scale in relation to the rest of the class. The results of the study indicated very few differences in the pattern of relations among self-regulated components within and across the two subject areas and at the same time revealed a context-specific character of self-regulated components at a mean level differences. Further, the current study (a) confirmed the mediatory role of strategies in the motivation-performance relation, (b) stressed the differential role of cognitive and regulatory strategies in predicting performance in subject areas that differ in their structural characteristics of the content, and (c) pointed out the key motivational role of self-efficacy. In fact, self-efficacy proved the most significant predictor not only of performance but of cognitive and regulatory strategy use as well. Gender differences in motivation and strategy use were not reported, while motivation was found to vary mainly with age. The usefulness of these findings for promoting greater clarity among motivational and metacognitive frameworks and ideas for future research are discussed. Cette étude porte sur les différences contextuelles dans les patrons relationnels entre les diverses composantes motivationnelle, cognitive et métacognitive de l'apprentissage et de la performance auto-régulés dans deux domaines d'étude clé du programme, soit la langue et les mathématiques. Ces différences contextuelles ont été examinées dans un échantillon de 263 d'enfants d'une école primaire grecque (of) en cinquième et sixième année. Les différences sexuelles et les différences d'âge ont été aussi étudiées. Les élèves ont été priés de compléter le «Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire» (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ) qui comprend cinq facteurs: (a) l'auto-efficacité, (b) la valeur intrinsèque, (c) un test d'anxiété, (d) l'utilisation d'une stratégie cognitive et (e) les stratégies d'auto-régulation. Ils ont répondu aux énoncés du questionnaire sur une échelle de type Likert à 7 points en termes de leur comportement en classe de langue et en classe de mathématiques séparément. De plus, les enseignants ont été priés d'évaluer chaque résultat de leurs élèves dans la langue grecque et en mathématique sur une échelle allant de 1 à 20 points en comparaison au reste de la classe. Les résultats de l'étude ont indiqué très peu de différences dans les patrons relationnels entre les composantes auto-régulées à l'intérieur et entre les domaines d'étude. En même temps, les résultats ont révélé un caractère contextuel spécifique des composantes auto-regulées. De plus, la présente étude (a) a confirmé le rôle médiateur des stratégies dans la relation motivation-performance, (b) a souligné le rôle différé des stratégies cognitive et régulatoire dans la prédiction de la performance dans les domaines d'étude qui diffèrent dans leurs caractéristiques structurelles du contenu et (c) a souligné le rôle motivationnel clé de l'auto-efficacité. En effet, l'auto-efficacité s'est avérée être le prédicteur le plus sign

Metallidou, Panagiota; Vlachou, Anastasia

2007-02-01

410

EEG guidelines in the diagnosis of brain death.  

PubMed

In France, for the determination and diagnostic validation of brain death the law requires either two EEG recordings separated by a 4-hour observation period, both showing electrocerebral inactivity; or cerebral angiography examination. Since EEG is available in most hospitals and clinics, it is often used in this indication, at the patient's bedside, especially in the context of organ donation. However, very precise methodology must be followed. The last French guidelines date back to 1989, before the development of digital EEG recording. We present the new guidelines from the Société de Neurophysiologie Clinique de Langue Française. Electrocerebral inactivity may be confirmed when a 30-minute good quality EEG recording shows complete electrocerebral silence, defined as no cerebral activity greater than 2uV, having first ruled out the possible influence of sedative drugs, metabolic disorders or hypothermia. In the presence of sedative drugs, CT brain angiography will be the gold standard test for this diagnosis. In the newborn, the utmost caution is indicated since electrocerebral inactivity can be observed in the absence of cerebral death. In the infant, the criterion for the observation period to be respected between both EEG recordings needs to be more clearly refined. PMID:25687591

Szurhaj, W; Lamblin, M-D; Kaminska, A; Sediri, H

2015-03-01

411

Une version québécoise du Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2)—Outil d'évaluation des commotions cérébrales dans le sport 2 : Québec (SCAT2-Qc)  

PubMed Central

RÉSUMÉ Objectif : traduire le Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) dans la langue française parlée au Québec et en vérifier l'acceptabilité pour la population québécoise francophone. Méthodologie : le processus de traduction de la version originale du SCAT2 a fait appel à une variante de la méthode de traduction et d'adaptation d'outils proposée par l'Organisation mondiale de la santé. Une traduction parallèle a d'abord été réalisée. Ensuite, un comité a révisé cette traduction parallèle dans le but de produire une version préliminaire du SCAT2-Qc. Puis, on a procédé à une rétrotraduction parallèle, que l'on a comparée à la version originale. La version préliminaire a été modifiée. Pour parvenir à la version finale, on a intégré les suggestions et les commentaires formulés par deux sujets sains lors de l'essai de l'outil, et lors de la comparaison du SCAT2-Qc à la version française existante par trois réviseurs du domaine de la santé. On a ensuite testé la version finale du SCAT2-Qc auprès de douze sujets sains pour en vérifier l'acceptabilité. Résultats : les douze sujets sains n'ont eu aucun problème de compréhension en utilisant le SCAT2-Qc. Conclusion : les différentes étapes de traduction ont permis de créer le SCAT2-Qc. Son contenu ayant été validé, il peut à présent être utilisé dans le milieu sportif et scientifique québécois. PMID:24396168

Boyd, Jami; Boyer-Rémillard, Marie-Eve; Pilon-Piquette, Michael; McKinley, Patricia

2013-01-01

412

French recommendations on electroencephalography.  

PubMed

Electroencephalography allows the functional analysis of electrical brain cortical activity and is the gold standard for analyzing electrophysiological processes involved in epilepsy but also in several other dysfunctions of the central nervous system. Morphological imaging yields complementary data, yet it cannot replace the essential functional analysis tool that is EEG. Furthermore, EEG has the great advantage of being non-invasive, easy to perform and allows repeat testing when follow-up is necessary, even at the patient's bedside. Faced with advances in knowledge, techniques and indications, the Société de neurophysiologie clinique de langue française (SNCLF) and the Ligue française contre l'épilepsie (LFCE) found it necessary to provide an update on EEG recommendations. This article will review the methodology applied to this work, refine the various topics detailed in the following chapters. It will go over the summary of recommendations for each of these chapters and highlight proposals for writing an EEG report. Some questions could not be answered by review of the literature; in such cases, in addition to the guidelines the working and reading groups provided their expert opinion. PMID:25637362

André-Obadia, N; Lamblin, M D; Sauleau, P

2015-03-01

413

[French guidelines on electroencephalogram].  

PubMed

Electroencephalography allows the functional analysis of electrical brain cortical activity and is the gold standard for analyzing electrophysiological processes involved in epilepsy but also in several other dysfunctions of the central nervous system. Morphological imaging yields complementary data, yet it cannot replace the essential functional analysis tool that is EEG. Furthermore, EEG has the great advantage of being non-invasive, easy to perform and allows control tests when follow-up is necessary, even at the patient's bedside. Faced with the advances in knowledge, techniques and indications, the Société de Neurophysiologie Clinique de Langue Française (SNCLF) and the Ligue Française Contre l'Épilepsie (LFCE) found it necessary to provide an update on EEG recommendations. This article will review the methodology applied to this work, refine the various topics detailed in the following chapters. It will go over the summary of recommendations for each of these chapters and underline proposals for writing an EEG report. Some questions could not be answered by the review of the literature; in those cases, an expert advice was given by the working and reading groups in addition to the guidelines. PMID:25435392

André-Obadia, N; Sauleau, P; Cheliout-Heraut, F; Convers, P; Debs, R; Eisermann, M; Gavaret, M; Isnard, J; Jung, J; Kaminska, A; Kubis, N; Lemesle, M; Maillard, L; Mazzola, L; Michel, V; Montavont, A; N'Guyen, S; Navarro, V; Parain, D; Perin, B; Rosenberg, S D; Sediri, H; Soufflet, C; Szurhaj, W; Taussig, D; Touzery-de Villepin, A; Vercueil, L; Lamblin, M D

2014-12-01

414

How do deaf signers of LSQ and their teachers construct the meaning of a written text?  

PubMed

Many studies have investigated why learning to read is so problematic for deaf individuals. However, we still know very little about how to teach reading to signing students. In this article, we report on an exploratory qualitative study of deaf LSQ (Langue des signes québécoise) signers learning to read with two teachers, in an effort to better understand what strategies might be most useful in constructing the meaning of a text. By videotaping reading sessions between each teacher and student, then conducting recall interviews, we found that both students and teachers used a number of strategies to construct meaning. The list of strategies observed was categorized as word attack or global meaning types. Developing readers showed different patterns of strategy use, with more global meaning strategies being used by the more independent reader. We also found that the deaf teacher and hearing teacher had different patterns of strategy use, although both favored global meaning types. Finally, our findings indicate that both teachers adapted their strategy use to the needs of the students, but with a different focus. Namely, the deaf teacher used more global meaning strategies with the weaker reader and less with the more independent reader, whereas the hearing teacher showed the opposite pattern. PMID:20498132

Ducharme, D A; Arcand, Isabelle

2011-01-01

415

Contribution a l'etude du comportement de dalles de ponts en beton arme de barres en PRF soumises a des charges concentrees simulant les charges de roues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Au cours des dernieres annees, la deterioration des structures en beton arme a pris une ampleur sans precedent, et ce, malgre le fait que leur duree de vie en service initialement prevue est loin d'etre atteinte. La corrosion de l'armature d'acier est un des principaux facteurs reduisant la duree de vie des ponts en beton arme d'acier. Par ailleurs, l'armature en materiaux composites de polymeres renforces de fibres (PRF) constitue une solution a l'armature metallique afin de pallier au probleme de la corrosion d'acier et a la deterioration des structures en beton arme. Aussi, les barres d'armature en materiaux composites de PRF possedent une resistance en traction elevee (environ 2 a 6 fois la limite elastique de l'acier d'armature conventionnel), ce qui leur permet de constituer un renforcement structural attrayant pour les structures en beton. Le comportement d'elements structuraux en beton arme de barres en PRF est different de ceux en beton arme de barres d'acier. En effet, les barres en PRF possedent un module d'elasticite relativement plus faible que celui de l'acier et ont des proprietes d'adherence differentes de celles des barres d'acier. L'utilisation des barres d'armature en PRF pour armer les dalles de tabliers de ponts se concretise de plus en plus avec l'avancement des recherches dans ce domaine. La recherche entamee dans le cadre de cette these s'inscrit dans un programme de travaux realises au sein de la Chaire de recherche CRSNG/Industrie sur les Materiaux composites novateurs en PRF pour les infrastructures au departement de genie civil a l'Universite de Sherbrooke. Le comportement de membrures en beton arme de PRF soumis a des sollicitations mecaniques constitue un des principaux axes de recherche. Dans le cadre de cette these, une serie d'essais a ete effectuee sur huit dalles de ponts a confinement interne a grande echelle. Les parametres des essais comprennent: (1) l'epaisseur de la dalle, (2) le type et le taux d'armature transversale de l'assemblage inferieur, (3) la resistance en compression du beton, et (4) le taux d'armature dans les autres directions (armatures transversale et longitudinale de l'assemblage superieur et l'armature longitudinale de l'assemblage inferieur). Lors des essais de chargement, les dalles ont ete supportees par deux poutrelles metalliques espacees de 2000 mm centre a centre et soumises a une charge statique concentree sur une aire de contact de 600 mm x 250 mm afin de simuler une charge de camion (87,5 kN--CL-625) et ce conformement au code Canadien sur le calcul des ponts routiers [CAN/CSA-S6-06]. Aussi, une analyse numerique du comportement des dalles testees sous charges est faite a l'aide d'un logiciel d'elements finis ADINA version 8.2. Les essais ont montre que toutes les dalles testees ont rompu par poinconnement, peu importe le parametre etudie. Aussi, une epaisseur de dalle de 175 mm repond aux exigences du Canadien sur le calcul des ponts routiers [CAN/CSA-S6-06]. Par ailleurs, les resultats ont montre que la resistance en compression du beton est un parametre qui influe sur la deflexion, les deformations dans les barres et l'ouverture de fissures. Enfin, les resultats des analyses numeriques effectuees corroborent avec ceux obtenus experimentalement. Mots cles. Dalle de ponts en beton, armature de PRF, charges statiques, flexion, deformations, poinconnement, elements finis.

Bouguerra, Kheireddine

416

Biostereometrics In Art  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Desuis mon enfance je suis un type soidisant visuel. Cette deviation etait toujours profitable pour moi, pour le clinicien , ainsi que pour le rechercheur scientifique.I1 y a trente ans, que dans l'Atlas Radioanatomique du Thorax nous avons deja utilis6 la conception de trois dimensions. Dans les derni6res edition de cet ouvrage nous avons travaille mke avec la guatrieme, le temps facteur. DePuis cette 6poque-la je me suis ori-en-be vers les quatre dimensions, vers les mouvements dans l'espace et le temps. -:tudiant les mouvements,les mouvements ventilatoires mesure par photogrammetrie le tronc humain.En projetant sur la surface du tronc un reseau quadratique, on pent compter de 3oo-400 points d'information, si un carre est 2 This 2 cm. Simultanement on pent ainsi contraler les deplacement relatifs des differents points. Travaillant avec seriophotographie et ces dernieres annees avec Video, nous avons des documents cDntinuellement en trois dimensions sun la position actuelle en espace de notre modele.On pent mesurer, reproduire la position momentan6e du sujet d'une frequence et dans la quantite desiree. Par exemple on peut les reproduire, une a une, comme une sculpture, en domontrant les changements d'un tronc humain pendant les mouvements respiratoires, comme nous avions fait en 1969 avec le sculpteur Istvan Bencsik en realisant nos differents modeles en inspiration et expiration.flais thooriquement on pent construire tant de sculptures qu'on vent entre les deux positions extremes.La methode est tres utilisable pour l'observation des mouvements sportifs on artistiques, comme le ballet par exemple. / Figure 1./ En etudiant en plusieures series la morphometrie des mouvements respiratoires on pent acquerir une certain experience, qui concerne la phase de respiration, on se trouve un corps humain sculpte, dessine on peint. Come le mimique d'un visage explkue toujours l'6tat affectif d'un individu, le corps humain peut expliquer tart des chases entre les mains d'un artiste doue. Liais nous retournerons encore a cet argument. Avec un objet d'art l'artiste registe un seul moment dune serie de mouvements de son sujet, spit en deux dimensions, s'il est peintre on graveur , dessinateur etc., spit en trois dimensions s'il est sculpteur.i:algre cela , il y a beaucoup d'oeuvresd'art dyna-miques, qui donnent l'impression de mouvement.On pent produire cet effetavec la ROMDOSi-tion des mouvements non simultanees , comme par exemple sur les tableaux de XIX 'si8cle representant des concours hyppiques, on les extremit-ees des chevaux sort distandue an maximum en avant et en arriere; c'est un mode de galop inexistant, mais malgr6, qu'il est faux, it suggere la vitesse.

Ferenc, Kovats

1986-07-01

417

Geoheritage promotion of Thonon-les-Bains (Fr) region by the development of a geotourism product  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 2012, the Chablais region (only in France) has acquired the Geopark label. This Geopark contributes to sustainable economic development of the region through geotourism. Moreover, the three Chablais (figure 1) are concerned by an Interreg IV program since 2009 (program of cooperation between European countries). The main objective of this program is to enhance the heritage resources (nature, culture and lifestyle of the region) (www.interreg-francesuisse.org). Therefore, the geotourism offer in this area just waiting to expand. The geodidactics models like the simplification of the scientific content are essential for geoheritage promotion, because this content must be available to a wide audience, allowing thereby the geoheritage recognition. The geotourism permits to apply different models (Cayla et al. 2010, Sellier, 2009) through a wide range of geotourism products, like guide, educational panels, thematic hikes and recently developed, new medias (website, smartphone applications). A geotourism product is based on four areas of questioning and was developed by Martin et al. (2010): (1) site (choice of sites to be valued), (2) public (a family public, good example of heterogeneous public), (3) contents (reasoning on geodidactics models) and (4) support (smartphone application). These four areas are very fundamental before the creation of any geotourism product. These reflexions aim to obtain a mediation product that integrates into geotourism offer of a region and contributes to its development and meets public expectations. New media, such as digital media - smartphone, tablets, website - become geotourism products more and more attractive. In addition, the necessary technologies to develop new media help to integrate a high interactivity potential with the public and thus get their attention. The architecture of this geotourism product is based on the new application developed by the Institute of Geography and sustainability, and the Bureau Relief. One of the thematic itineraries is focused on the discovery of different natural resources by explaining their formation and their use by society, allowing to enhance a selection of geoheritage. The itinerary is entitled: In the footsteps of the exploitation of natural resources... a history of water and rock. Keywords: Promotion, geoheritage, geotourism products, public, geodidactics models. REFERENCES Cayla, N., Hobléa, F., & Gasquet, D. (2010). Guide des bonnes pratiques de médiation des géosciences sur le terrain. Géologie de la France (1), pp. 47-55. Disponible sur : http://geolfrance.brgm.fr/article.asp?annee=2010&revue=1&article=8 (consulté le 4.02.2013). Martin, S., Regolini-Bissig, G., Perret, A., & Kozlik, L. (2010). Elaboration et évaluation des produits géotouristiques. Téoros, 29-2/2010. Disponible sur : http://teoros.revues.org/898 (consulted the 13.12.2012). Sellier D. (2009). La vulgarisation du patrimoine géomorphologique. Objets, moyens et perspectives. Bulletin de l'Association des Géographes Français, 1, pp. 67-81.

Fanguin, Pauline

2014-05-01

418

An experimental test of Corrsin's conjecture and some related ideas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an experimental test of Corrsin's conjecture against experimental data obtained by a particle tracking technique in approximately homogeneous and isotropic turbulent flow at Reynolds numbers R? ap 100. The conjecture states that \\begin{equation*} R_L(t)\\approx \\int R_E(\\bm{x},t)\\,G(\\bm{x},t)\\,\\rmd^3 x, \\end{equation*}where RL(t - t') = langv(t)·v(t')rang is the Lagrangian velocity covariance function, G is the single particle mean Green's function, and RE(x - x', t - t') ? langu(x, t)·u(x', t')rang is the Eulerian two-point, two-time velocity covariance function. All terms in the relation have been measured in the experiment. The equation is exact if a conditional Lagrangian velocity function RL(t|x) is inserted in place of RE(x, t) on the right-hand side. RL(t|x) is obtained by restricting sampling of the two velocities to situations where both belong to the same fluid particle trajectory. The experimental data show that the RE(x, t) and RL(t|x) behave fundamentally differently, thereby seriously questioning the rationale of the conjecture. The estimate of RL(t), based on Corrsin's conjecture and the experimentally determined RE and G, is found to decrease too fast compared to the directly measured RL, thus underestimating the Lagrangian timescale by about 40%. Even asymptotically (t ? ?) the estimate is considerably lower than the measured Lagrangian correlation function. The simpler relation RL(t) = RE(0, t), which has also been attributed to Corrsin, appears to agree much better with data. Various simple physical models of the spatiotemporal Eulerian correlation function have been compared with data, and models inspired by eddy sweeping seem to perform well.

Ott, Søren; Mann, Jakob

2005-06-01

419

A Guide to Axial-Flow Turbine Off-Design Computer Program AXOD2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Users Guide for the axial flow turbine off-design computer program AXOD2 is composed in this paper. This Users Guide is supplementary to the original Users Manual of AXOD. Three notable contributions of AXOD2 to its predecessor AXOD, both in the context of the Guide or in the functionality of the code, are described and discussed in length. These are: 1) a rational representation of the mathematical principles applied, with concise descriptions of the formulas implemented in the actual coding. Their physical implications are addressed; 2) the creation and documentation of an Addendum Listing of input namelist-parameters unique to AXOD2, that differ from or are in addition to the original input-namelists given in the Manual of AXOD. Their usages are discussed; and 3) the institution of proper stoppages of the code execution, encoding termination messaging and error messages of the execution to AXOD2. These measures are to safe-guard the integrity of the code execution, such that a failure mode encountered during a case-study would not plunge the code execution into indefinite loop, or cause a blow-out of the program execution. Details on these are discussed and illustrated in this paper. Moreover, this computer program has since been reconstructed substantially. Standard FORTRAN Langue was instituted, and the code was formatted in Double Precision (REAL*8). As the result, the code is now suited for use in a local Desktop Computer Environment, is perfectly portable to any Operating System, and can be executed by any FORTRAN compiler equivalent to a FORTRAN 9095 compiler. AXOD2 will be available through NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) Software Repository.

Chen, Shu-Cheng S.

2014-01-01

420

From Teacher-at-Sea to Authentic Science in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research has shown that most teachers will teach the way they have been taught, unless a sustainable intervention has taken place. This has the greatest implications for teachers of science, where those who have been taught with inquiry approaches will employ inquiry approaches in their classrooms, and those who have been taught with lecture and note taking will teach primarily using lectures and note taking. If our children are to learn about the nature of science, they need to be taught using constructivist and inquiry methods. A teacher who only uses textbooks and lectures will not create students who can employ critical thinking skills indicative of the nature of science. There is a way to change the way our teachers teach science, and that is by exposing teachers to authentic inquiry. The Teacher at Sea Program sponsored by Institut Polaire Francais (IPEV) created such an opportunity for 4 teachers, who participated in the PACHIDERME deep sea sediment cruise on the R/V Marion Dufresne off the coast of Chile for 3 weeks in February, 2007. While onboard the teachers assisted research scientists from France, Germany, Norway, and Chile in their quest to gather and analyze sediment cores for clues to past climates. The teachers were immersed in the research projects right from the start. They all participated in a "watch" and assisted those on the watch with the processing of the cores, which included properly labeling and packaging each of the core segments. Prior to the packaging, preliminary analysis was done to identify the physical and biological attributes of the core. The scientists gave of their time to coach the teachers not only on the techniques they were using, but also on the process of science. Whether it's working on an unstable platform, coring into the unknown, or adjusting to the weather that Mother Nature brings, the nature and process of science out at sea is complicated. The teachers came to realize this as they sailed in and out of the fjord region and into the open ocean off the coast of Chile, and shared these experiences with colleagues and students from around the world. They sent daily logs via email, sent pictures, and answered questions sent by teachers and students from Europe, the United States, and Chile. Students kept journals as they followed the daily events of the teachers at sea. A powerpoint presentation documenting the scientific endeavors of the cruise was created and is being used by many teachers as a tool to show how scientific research is done at sea. Was this cruise effective in changing the teaching styles of those teachers on board? The teachers observed how scientists generate questions, propose study plans, and employ creative methods to answer those questions. Having witnessed the nature and process first hand, these teachers reassessed their teaching styles for scientific validity. They are employing a greater number of open/full inquiry projects where the students are constructing and seeking to answer their own questions. These students will leave their classes knowing about the challenges of doing science, and the excitement in doing science. Whether it's out at sea, in the field, or in a lab, the participation of teachers in authentic inquiry is the best way to ensure our students are participating in authentic inquiry.

Holzer, M. A.; Laj, C.

2007-12-01

421

On occasion of 800th anniversary of birth of Ibn al-Nafis--discoverer of cardiac and pulmonary circulation.  

PubMed

With Ibn Sina great Canon came the "golden age of Arabic medicine", almost to its peak. Since the beginning of XI century, when Ibn Sina died, until the middle of XIII century, when creative was Ibn al-Nafis, medical science continues to develop and progress, and had its brilliant minds. For that time characteristic is the fact that neither the strong authority as Avicenna was could paralyze the progress of medical science. Three hundred years before Paracelsus, in Cairo appears a medical scientist who dares to touch the authority of Ibn Sina-Avicenna in the infallibility of Canon-"Medical Bible". The scholar was called Alauddin Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288). He, 250 years ago Servet, (Michael Servetus, XVI century) reveals the truly describes the small or pulmonary circulation, but also gives a description of the great forerunner of the bloodstream. In his separate work on the anatomy, Ibn al-Nafis in five places contested arguments of Galen's teachings, which also Ibn Sina was accepted. He very persuasively argues that the blood does not oxidize ("does not mix with air "), passing through some hypothetical pores in the partition between the right half of the heart, in which blood is collected and left half, in which, supposedly is the air, but that this happen when the blood is going from the right ventricle through the pulmonary artery into the lungs, where it is mixed with air and thus "converted" murmurs through the pulmonary vein into the left half of the heart. On occasion of the 800th anniversary of Ibn al-Nafis birth, one of the largest Arab and world doctors of all times we publish this article so that readers get something closer image his creative work, especially the one which relates to his contribution to the discovery of cardiac and pulmonary circulation, revolutionary discoveries in the world of medicine. In the year 1924 a heated debate started regarding the discovery of the pulmonary circulation. This discovery was attributed only to European scholars. It stemmed back to the sixteenth century. When Michael Servetus (1511-1553), Anderea Vesalius (?1514-1654), Nicolai Massa (1485-1569), Realdo Colombo (1520-1654), Valverde De Hamusco (1508-1565), Andera Cesalpino (1519-1603), Fabrici d'Aquapendent (1533-1619) and William Harvey (1578-1657) developed the concept. However, Muhyi-d-din At-Tatawi (1896-1945) presented his thesis "Der Lungenkreislauf nach El-Korachi. Dissert, z.eil. d. Doktorwrde, Freiburg im Brisgau 1924" of the blood circulation according to al Qurashi relaying on his discovery of his description of pulmonary circulation in one of ancient manuscripts, He proposed that the real credit for the discovery of the pulmonary circulation belongs this eminent physician of the thirteenth century: Ibn al-Nafis. Later another doctor Abdul Kareem Chihade (1922- ) presented another dissertation in Paris 1951 entitled" decouverte de la circulatio pulmonaire chez Ibn an-Nafis". Published by Institut Francais De Damas 1955. Other prominent professors like: Paul Galiounji and Salman Qatayyah researched extensively in his manuscripts and produced very important monographs. The general consensus is that Ibn al-Nafis' work exerted great influence on the development of medical science, both in the Islamic world and Europe. A closer look on Ibn al-Nafis contribution would indicate that he also described the coronary circulation, the cranial nerves the gall bladder anatomy and many new aspect of ophthalmology. He advocated as well therapy through nutrition. His work integrated the medical knowledge with great clarity and emphasized precision. PMID:21287961

Masic, Izet

2010-01-01

422

EGS Richardson AGU Chapman NVAG3 Conference: Nonlinear Variability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. The conference The third conference on "Nonlinear VAriability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes" (NVAG 3) was held in Cargese, Corsica, Sept. 10-17, 1993. NVAG3 was joint American Geophysical Union Chapman and European Geophysical Society Richardson Memorial conference, the first specialist conference jointly sponsored by the two organizations. It followed NVAG1 (Montreal, Aug. 1986), NVAG2 (Paris, June 1988; Schertzer and Lovejoy, 1991), five consecutive annual sessions at EGS general assemblies and two consecutive spring AGU meeting sessions. As with the other conferences and workshops mentioned above, the aim was to develop confrontation between theories and experiments on scaling/multifractal behaviour of geophysical fields. Subjects covered included climate, clouds, earthquakes, atmospheric and ocean dynamics, tectonics, precipitation, hydrology, the solar cycle and volcanoes. Areas of focus included new methods of data analysis (especially those used for the reliable estimation of multifractal and scaling exponents), as well as their application to rapidly growing data bases from in situ networks and remote sensing. The corresponding modelling, prediction and estimation techniques were also emphasized as were the current debates about stochastic and deterministic dynamics, fractal geometry and multifractals, self-organized criticality and multifractal fields, each of which was the subject of a specific general discussion. The conference started with a one day short course of multifractals featuring four lectures on a) Fundamentals of multifractals: dimension, codimensions, codimension formalism, b) Multifractal estimation techniques: (PDMS, DTM), c) Numerical simulations, Generalized Scale Invariance analysis, d) Advanced multifractals, singular statistics, phase transitions, self-organized criticality and Lie cascades (given by D. Schertzer and S. Lovejoy, detailed course notes were sent to participants shortly after the conference). This was followed by five days with 8 oral sessions and one poster session. Overall, there were 65 papers involving 74 authors. In general, the main topics covered are reflected in this special issue: geophysical turbulence, clouds and climate, hydrology and solid earth geophysics. In addition to AGU and EGS, the conference was supported by the International Science Foundation, the Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique, Meteo-France, the Department of Energy (US), the Commission of European Communities (DG XII), the Comite National Francais pour le Programme Hydrologique International, the Ministere de l'Enseignement Superieur et de la Recherche (France). We thank P. Hubert, Y. Kagan, Ph. Ladoy, A. Lazarev, S.S. Moiseev, R. Pierrehumbert, F. Schmitt and Y. Tessier, for help with the organization of the conference. However special thanks goes to A. Richter and the EGS office, B. Weaver and the AGU without whom this would have been impossible. We also thank the Institut d' Etudes Scientifiques de Cargese whose beautiful site was much appreciated, as well as the Bar des Amis whose ambiance stimulated so many discussions. 2. Tribute to L.F. Richardson With NVAG3, the European geophysical community paid tribute to Lewis Fry Richardson (1881-1953) on the 40th anniversary of his death. Richardson was one of the founding fathers of the idea of scaling and fractality, and his life reflects the European geophysical community and its history in many ways. Although many of Richardson's numerous, outstanding scientific contributions to geophysics have been recognized, perhaps his main contribution concerning the importance of scaling and cascades has still not received the attention it deserves. Richardson was the first not only to suggest numerical integration of the equations of motion of the atmosphere, but also to attempt to do so by hand, during the First World War. This work, as well as a presentation of a broad vision of future developments in the field, appeared in his famous, pioneering book "Weather prediction by numerical processes" (1922). As

Schertzer, D.; Lovejoy, S.

423

Le transfert de connaissances entre les mathematiques et les sciences. Une etude exploratoire aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Au moment ou dans plusieurs pays on travaille a refondre les programmes d'etudes, tant au primaire qu'au secondaire, l'interet pour le transfert renait. Un des concepts fondamentaux en apprentissage consiste en l'habilete a reutiliser de facon consciente et efficace un acquis d'une situation a une autre situation. Cette recherche emane de preoccupations professionnelles au moment ou le chercheur etait enseignant au secondaire. Au cours de ces annees, il lui a ete possible de constater que plusieurs eleves percevaient difficilement les liens presents entre les disciplines mathematiques et scientifiques. Des travaux en psychologie cognitive et plus particulierement selon une perspective du traitement de l'information ont servi de cadre de reference pour evaluer et analyser les capacites de transfert aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire. Ce cadre de reference permet de formuler le principal objectif qui est de mieux comprendre le processus de transfert chez des eleves en situation de resolution de problemes scientifiques. Cette these s'interesse donc au transfert en tant que phenomene important du processus d'apprentissage au sens de l'integration. La methode de recherche choisie, de nature qualitative, est principalement axee sur l'evaluation de la capacite a transferer des connaissances lors d'une epreuve et d'un entretien. Pour evaluer ce potentiel de transfert, nous avons elabore deux outils: une epreuve en mathematiques et en sciences et un guide d'entretien. Pour la passation de l'epreuve, le chercheur a pu compter sur la collaboration de 130 sujets provenant de deux ecoles. L'entretien complete la prise de donnees avec 13 sujets ayant accepte de poursuivre l'etude. Les donnees recueillies par ces instruments font ensuite l'objet d'une analyse de contenu. En premier lieu, les verbatims de l'epreuve et de l'entretien ont ete transcrits, puis codifies. La correction des reponses fournies pour les problemes resolus s'est faite a partir d'une grille d'analyse qualitative et adaptee de la litterature (Thouin, 1995). Une seconde serie d'analyses permettant de categoriser les reponses selon la typologie des connaissances declaratives, procedurales et conditionnelles complete la prise de donnees. Nos resultats indiquent que les sujets sont tres influences par des elements de surface, principalement lorsqu'il s'agit de problemes auxquels ils ne sont pas habitues. En l'absence de connaissances de base, plusieurs sujets vont tendre vers des propositions de solution "pratico-pratique" provenant de leur vecu: cela nous apparait d'importance d'un point de vue didactique et en matiere de transfert. Lors des entretiens realises un mois plus tard, les sujets ont eprouve de la difficulte a se rappeler le contenu de l'epreuve. Et lorsqu'il y avait un rappel, celui-ci etait superficiel et surtout axe sur le contenu ou le contexte d'un probleme. La plupart des sujets ne pouvait nommer que deux ou trois elements (des problemes en mathematiques, en sciences physiques, le probleme de la fenetre, le probleme du laser, etc.). Nos resultats confirment ce que plusieurs chercheurs (Julo, 1995, Jonnaert et Vander Borght, 1999; Richard et al., 1990) qui s'interessent aux questions de l'apprentissage admettent aujourd'hui: l'eleve ne travaille jamais sur la situation proposee par l'enseignant, mais bien sur la representation qu'il s'en est construite. Au plan methodologique, cette recherche est interessante par la variete des sources de collecte de donnees utilisees, par l'application d'outils methodologiques et d'analyses originaux tires de la recherche et de la pratique. Du cote theorique, il resulte de cette etude une meilleure comprehension du processus de transfert des connaissances mathematiques vers les sciences physiques. Finalement, aux plans didactique et pedagogique, cette recherche alimente la reflexion sur l'apprentissage et l'enseignement des sciences au secondaire. Elle fait ressortir que les mathematiques sont importantes dans la mobilisation de certaines connaissances scientifiques et que l'enseignant peut et devrait jouer un

Samson, Ghislain

2003-06-01

424

Une alternative au cobalt pour la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi par plasma inductif thermique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les nanotubes de carbone de type monoparoi (C-SWNT) sont une classe recente de nanomateriaux qui ont fait leur apparition en 1991. L'interet qu'on leur accorde provient des nombreuses proprietes d'avant-plan qu'ils possedent. Leur resistance mecanique serait des plus rigide, tout comme ils peuvent conduire l'electricite et la chaleur d'une maniere inegalee. Non moins, les C-SWNT promettent de devenir une nouvelle classe de plateforme moleculaire, en servant de site d'attache pour des groupements reactifs. Les promesses de ce type particulier de nanomateriau sont nombreuses, la question aujourd'hui est de comment les realiser. La technologie de synthese par plasma inductif thermique se situe avantageusement pour la qualite de ses produits, sa productivite et les faibles couts d'operation. Par contre, des recherches recentes ont permis de mettre en lumiere des risques d'expositions reliees a l'utilisation du cobalt, comme catalyseur de synthese; son elimination ou bien son remplacement est devenu une preoccupation importante. Quatre recettes alternatives ont ete mises a l'essai afin de trouver une alternative plus securitaire a la recette de base; un melange catalytique ternaire, compose de nickel, de cobalt et d'oxyde d'yttrium. La premiere consiste essentiellement a remplacer la proportion massique de cobalt par du nickel, qui etait deja present dans la recette de base. Les trois options suivantes contiennent de nouveaux catalyseurs, en remplacement au Co, qui sont apparus dans plusieurs recherches scientifiques au courant des dernieres annees: le dioxyde de zircone (ZrO2), dioxyde de manganese (MnO2) et le molybdene (Mo). La methode utilisee consiste a vaporiser la matiere premiere, sous forme solide, dans un reacteur plasma a haute frequence (3 MHz) a paroi refroidi. Apres le passage dans le plasma, le systeme traverse une section dite de "croissance", isolee thermiquement a l'aide de graphite, afin de maintenir une certaine plage de temperature favorable a la synthese de C-SWNT. Le produit final est par la suite recolte sur des filtres metalliques poreux, une fois le systeme mis a l'arret. Dans un premier temps, une analyse thermodynamique, calculee avec le logiciel Fact-Sage, a permis de mettre en lumiere l'etat des differentes produits et reactifs, tout au long de leur passage dans le systeme. Elle a permis de reveler la similitude de composition de la phase liquide du melange catalytique ternaire de base, avec celui du melange binaire, avec nickel et oxyde d'yttrium. Par la suite, une analyse du bilan d'energie, a l'aide d'un systeme d'acquisition de donnees, a permis de determiner que les conditions operatoires des cinq echantillons mis a l'essai etaient similaires. Au total, le produit final a ete caracterise a l'aide de six methodes de caracterisations differentes : l'analyse thermogravimetrique, la diffraction de rayons X, la microscopie electronique a balayage a haute resolution (HRSEM), la microscopie electronique a transmission (MET), la spectroscopie RAMAN, ainsi que la mesure de la surface specifique (BET). Les resultats de ces analyses ont permis de constater, de facon coherente, que le melange a base de molybdene etait celui qui produisait la moins bonne qualite de produit. Ensuite, en ordre croissant, s'en suivait du melange a base de MnO2 et de ZrO2. Le melange de reference, a base de cobalt, est au deuxieme rang en matiere de qualite. La palme revient au melange binaire, dont la proportion est double en nickel. Les resultats de ce travail de recherche permettent d'affirmer qu'il existe une alternative performante au cobalt pour effectuer la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi, par plasma inductif thermique. Cette alternative est l'utilisation d'un melange catalytique binaire a base de nickel et d'oxyde d'yttrium. Il est suggere que les performances plus faibles des recettes alternatives, moins performantes, pourraient etre expliquees par le profil thermique fixe du reacteur. Ceci pourrait favoriser certains melanges, au detriment des autres, qui possedent des proprietes thermodynamiqu

Carrier, Jean-Francois

425

A Multiwavelength Study of a Sample of 70 ?m Selected Galaxies in the COSMOS Field. II. The Role of Mergers in Galaxy Evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the morphological properties of a large sample of 1503 70 ?m selected galaxies in the COSMOS field spanning the redshift range 0.01 < z < 3.5 with a median redshift of 0.5 and an infrared luminosity range of 108 < L IR(8 - 1000 ?m)< 1014 L sun with a median luminosity of 1011.4 L sun. In general, these galaxies are massive, with a stellar mass range of 1010-1012 M sun, and luminous, with -25 < M K < -20. We find a strong correlation between the fraction of major mergers and L IR, with the fraction at the highest luminosity (L IR > 1012 L sun) being up to ~50%. We also find that the fraction of spirals drops dramatically with L IR. Minor mergers likely play a role in boosting the infrared luminosity for sources with low luminosities (L IR < 1011.5 L sun). The precise fraction of mergers in any given L IR bin varies by redshift due to sources at z > 1 being difficult to classify and subject to the effects of bandpass shifting; therefore, these numbers can only be considered lower limits. At z < 1, where the morphological classifications are most robust, major mergers clearly dominate the ULIRG population (~50%-80%) and are important for the LIRG population (~25%-40%). At z > 1, the fraction of major mergers is lower, but is at least 30%-40% for ULIRGs. In a comparison of our visual classifications with several automated classification techniques we find general agreement; however, the fraction of identified mergers is underestimated due to automated classification methods being sensitive to only certain timescales of a major merger. Although the general morphological trends agree with what has been observed for local (U)LIRGs, the fraction of major mergers is slightly lower than seen locally. This is in part due to the difficulty of identifying merger signatures at high redshift. The distribution of the U - V color of the galaxies in our sample peaks in the green valley (langU - Vrang = 1.1) with a large spread at bluer and redder colors and with the major mergers peaking more strongly in the green valley than the rest of the morphological classes. We argue that, given the number of major gas-rich mergers observed and the relatively short timescale that they would be observable in the (U)LIRG phase, it is plausible for the observed red sequence of massive ellipticals (<1012 M sun) to have been formed entirely by gas-rich major mergers. Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by AURA Inc, under NASA contract NAS 5-26555; also based on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan; the XMM-Newton, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and NASA; the European Southern Observatory under Large Program 175.A-0839, Chile; the National Radio Astronomy Observatory which is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc; the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope with MegaPrime/MegaCam operated as a joint project by the CFHT Corporation, CEA/DAPNIA, the National Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique de France, TERAPIX and the University of Hawaii.

Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.; Sanders, D. B.; Le Floc'h, E.; Frayer, D. T.; Aussel, H.; Arnouts, S.; Ilbert, O.; Salvato, M.; Scoville, N. Z.; Surace, J.; Yan, L.; Capak, P.; Caputi, K.; Carollo, C. M.; Cassata, P.; Civano, F.; Hasinger, G.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Le Fèvre, O.; Lilly, S.; Liu, C. T.; McCracken, H. J.; Schinnerer, E.; Smol?i?, V.; Taniguchi, Y.; Thompson, D. J.; Trump, J.; Baldassare, V. F.; Fiorenza, S. L.

2010-09-01