Sample records for annee francais langue

  1. Problemes en enseignement fonctionnel des langues (Problems in the Functional Teaching of Languages). Publication B-103.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Gerardo, Ed.; Huot, Diane, Ed.

    Articles include: (1) "L'elaboration du materiel pedagogique pour des publics adultes" (The Elaboration of Teaching Materials for the Adult Public) by G. Painchaud-Leblanc, (2) "L'elaboration d'un programme d'etudes en francais langue seconde a partir des donnees recentes en didactique des langues" (The Elaboration of a Program of Study in French…

  2. RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1991-1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haillet, P., Ed.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    This document consists of the first two issues of the journal RELIEF. Each issue contains four articles. All articles deal with French second language instruction: (1) "Utiliser la presse ecrite en classe de francais-langue seconde (Using the Print Media in French Second Language Class)" (H. Canto); (2) "Une lecon de grammaire facile a concevoir,…

  3. "Francais Langue Seconde": From Functional Categories to Functionalist Variation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herschensohn, Julia

    2006-01-01

    Four recent volumes on acquisition of French by different populations cover a range of areas, particularly the development of verbal tense/agreement and nominal gender/concord in first language (L1) acquirers, as opposed to second language (L2) learners; the generalizability of grammatical deficits (e.g. difficulty acquiring parametrized features…

  4. Ecole Polytechnique Ann'ee 19981999

    E-print Network

    Robert, Christian P.

    Ecole Polytechnique Ann'ee 1998­1999 Petites classes de Probabilit'e Christian Robert 1 #12; Petite formule de Stirling. 4. -- Soient A 1 ; : : : ; A n n 'ev'enements sur un mâ??eme espace probabilis

  5. Didactique du francais langue seconde, dramatisation, et theatre (French Second Language Teaching, Dramatization, and Theater).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fancy, Alex

    1991-01-01

    Use of dramatics in French second language education is advocated with theoretical and practical arguments, and a four-stage approach to language acquisition through theater is proposed. The approach is based on activities of a bilingual theater troupe that offers Mount Allison University (New Brunswick) students an opportunity to participate in…

  6. Informatique et francais langue etrangere (Information Science and French as a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abry, Dominique; Scholl, Maryse

    1984-01-01

    An interdisciplinary experiment to develop materials for computer-assisted French instruction at the University of Grenoble is described and the process of translating objectives and strategies into exercises relying on student-machine interaction is chronicled. Three approaches were used: student response using stated rules, recognition…

  7. Universit de Nantes UFR de Langues

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Université de Nantes UFR de Langues Didactique de l'Anglais Compréhension de l'anglais oral et Nantes UFR de Langues Doctorat Didactique de l'Anglais Compréhension de l'anglais oral et TICE Les'innovation ................................................................ 26 1.2.4.2. Une exigence fonctionnelle

  8. Les classificateurs mayas : un terrain exprimental entre langue et cognition

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    275 Les classificateurs mayas : un terrain expérimental entre langue et cognition Colette GRINEVALD langues mayas d'Amérique Centrale qui ont déjà fait l'objet de nombreuses études par le groupe de-clés : catégorisation · classification nominale (ou classificateurs) · objets inanimés · langues mayas · travail de

  9. La publicite et l'enseignement du francais langue etrangere (Advertising and the Teaching of French as a Second Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margerie, Charles de

    1981-01-01

    Reviews the history of the use of advertisements as instructional material, indicating that they appear almost exclusively in advanced level textbooks for adults and that they are seldom exploited according to clearly defined objectives. Discusses various modes of utilization and suggests criteria for the selection of such materials. (MES)

  10. Pour une didactique du francais langue et litterature etrangeres (Toward a Didactic of French Second Language and Literature).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oriol-Boyer, Claudette

    1990-01-01

    A method of second-language instruction that acknowledges and reinforces the connection between ordinary and artistic uses of language is discussed. The theory, rationale, methods, and some sample activities for the approach are outlined. (MSE)

  11. Parcours Physique Parcours Sciences-Langues

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    Physique 2 PARCOURS Parcours Physique Parcours Sciences-Langues Nature de la formation : Diplôme : Formation initiale Lieu de formation : Campus des Cézeaux (Aubière) #12;2 Physique UFR Sciences et mondiales en physique dans le classement Shanghaï 2013". L'objectif de la Licence de Physique est d

  12. Ateliers Informatique TAL Traitement automatique des langues

    E-print Network

    Inkpen, Diana

    Ateliers Informatique TAL Traitement automatique des langues #12;Université d'Ottawa · Faculté de génie · Informatique #12;Faculté de génie | Faculty of Engineering · Nous enseignons quatre programmes à l'Ecole die SIGE ­ Informatique (CSI): Pour les étudiants qui désirent développer des applications

  13. The Lycee Francais in New York: A Showcase for the French-Speaking Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michel, Florence

    2004-01-01

    In New York they say that the architecture of the new "Lycee francais" (serving French students from kindergarten through upper secondary education) was inspired by the rationalism of Descartes. What is beyond doubt, however, is that the design and materials chosen by the American firm of architects, "Polshek Partnership Architects," which…

  14. "Le Francais Des Affaires": At the Crossroads of US/EU Trade and Language Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finel-Honigman, Irene

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the need to enhance United States/European Union (EU) commercial and educational cooperation. Differences between US and EU language and trade policies are explored and the importance of plurilingualism in the global economy is examined. The role of the French Language, especially "Le francais des affaires," in facilitating access to the…

  15. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Annee : 2008 d'ordre : 957

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Ann´ee : 2008 N d'ordre : 957 Some selected functionalized catenanes, rotaxanes pr´esent´ee et soutenue publiquement le : 26 Novembre 2008 `a : l'Universit´e d'Angers par: Robert CZAPLICKI Devant le jury ci-dessous : Marc SALLE, Pr´esident, Professeur, Universit´e d'Angers, France Jean

  16. ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    , traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 #12;ANNEE

  17. Communication au Colloque international Diversit des langues et reprsentations cognitives

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with language in itself, sometimes even using the term 'natural language' to refer to this faculty of the human faculty (cf. French word "langage") or for any individual language (cf. French word "langue"), has generalizations, first from that language to languages in general, then from all languages to the language faculty

  18. UNIVERSIT DU MAINE UFR de lettres, langues et sciences humaines

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITÉ DU MAINE UFR de lettres, langues et sciences humaines Ecole doctorale 501 DEGEST - Droit THÈSE Présentée par : Ziad ALHASKEER Pour obtenir le garde de Docteur de l'Université du Maine Évaluation de la dynamique des paysages de vallées du bassin versant de la Maine à partir de la télédétection

  19. Contacts de langues et representations (Language Contacts and Representations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthey, Marinette, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Essays on language contact and the image of language, entirely in French, include: "Representations 'du' contexte et representations 'en' contexte? Eleves et enseignants face a l'apprentissage de la langue" ("Representations 'of' Context or Representations 'in' Context? Students and Teachers Facing Language Learning" (Laurent Gajo); "Le crepuscule…

  20. Recognition of Langue des Signes Quebecoise in Eastern Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parisot, Anne-Marie; Rinfret, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a portrait of two community-level and legal efforts in Canada to obtain official recognition of ASL and LSQ (Langue des signes quebecoise), both of which are recognized as official languages by the Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD). In order to situate this issue in the Canadian linguistic context, the authors first…

  1. Vladimir BELIAKOV UMR 5263, Cognition, Langue, Langages, Ergonomie

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Vladimir BELIAKOV UMR 5263, Cognition, Langue, Langages, Ergonomie CNRS / Université de Toulouse, 3. B n'est pas sélectionné de façon régulière et non contrainte, mais en fonction de A et du sens `S constituant sémantiquement autonome choisi librement par le locuteur en fonction de son sens, appelé la base

  2. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UFR LETTRES LANGUES ET SCIENCES HUMAINES

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    , 63000 Clermont- Ferrand Ouverture au public : Lundi, mardi, jeudi et vendredi de 9h00 à 12h et de 14h00, communication...) en vue de débouchés tels que les carrières administratives européennes, le journalisme, les sur dossier de candidature, lettre de motivation, éventuellement entretien. Langue des cours et du

  3. Francais langue seconde: Les apprenants face au discours didactique oral. (French as a Second Language: How Learners Deal with Didactic Oral Discourse).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabut, Helene

    As part of a course in French for foreign post-graduate engineering students, recordings of a series of lectures in information science were used to highlight some of the problems involved in the comprehension of spoken scientific discourse. In order to observe whether repetitions within oral discourse were perceived as such by non-French speaking…

  4. Document d'accompagnement du programme d'education de maternelle: Francais langue premiere (Manual in Support of the French as a First Language Kindergarten Program).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This document is designed for use by teachers of French-as-a-first-language kindergarten programs in Alberta. It outlines the vision, elements, and goals of the program, explains the context of the francophone environment in Alberta, and provides practical tools for the implementation of the program in consideration of the specific needs of the…

  5. TALN 2003, Batz-sur-Mer, 1114 juin 2003 Vers une thorie cognitive de la langue base sur les

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TALN 2003, Batz-sur-Mer, 11­14 juin 2003 Vers une théorie cognitive de la langue basée sur les Manuscrit auteur, publié dans "Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles (TALN), Batz-sur-Mer : France

  6. Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee. Complete Set, January 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    The Alberta (Canada) Department of Education issues "Grade 12 Diploma Examinations" for various disciplines every six months (dated January and June of each year). Except for the English and Francais examinations (which are issued only in their own language), the examinations are issued in an English edition and a French edition. The eight…

  7. Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 RENAM: Systme de Reconnaissance des Entits Nommes Amazighes

    E-print Network

    1 (1) LRIT, Unité Associée au CNRST (URAC 29), Faculté des Sciences, Mohammed V-Agdal, Rabat, Maroc (2) IRCAM, Avenue Allal El Fassi, Madinat Al Irfane, Rabat-Instituts, Maroc meriem 1989) qu'on soit au Maroc ou ailleurs. La langue Amazighe est maintenant une langue qui possède tous

  8. Langues-U: A digital campus to increase students' autonomy?1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of their first year, were given the opportunity to experiment with a flexible scheme combining work in a 11 Langues-U: A digital campus to increase students' autonomy?1 Anne Chateau Université Nancy 2 in recent years, at Nancy 2 university we decided in 2005 to propose Langues-U to other types of students

  9. UNIVERSITE D'ORAN Facult des Lettres, des Langues et des Arts

    E-print Network

    Jeanjean, Louis

    -Sénia d'Oran, Algérie. Les axes retenus sont les suivants : Axe 1 : Phonétique, Phonologie, Morphologie de la Langue Arabe et sa Segmentation Axe 2 : Etudes linguistiques comparées arabe / français / anglais / espagnol Axe 3 : Ressources de la langue arabe (dictionnaires électroniques, analyseurs morphologiques

  10. Variational Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics Annee 2013 -2014, X 2011.

    E-print Network

    Alouges, François

    1 Variational Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics Ann´ee 2013 - 2014, X 2011. PC 4 (TP fluid flows around a fixed cylinder centered at (0.5, 0.5) (radius 0.1), according to Navier time step. We aim at estimating the forces exerted by the cylinder on the fluid. Freefem++ makes

  11. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N d'ordre 1153

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N° d'ordre 1153 PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE DE LA MALADIE DE CHARCOT- MARIE DOCTORALE BIOLOGIE/SANTE Présentée et soutenue publiquement le 28 septembre 2011 à Angers par Julien), Professeur, Université d'Angers M. Christophe VERNY (examinateur), Maître de conférences (HDR), Université d'Angers

  12. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Annee 2007 UFR sciences N d'ordre : 810

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSIT´E D'ANGERS Ann´ee 2007 UFR sciences N d'ordre : 810 Laboratoire POMA Spectroscopies et DOCTORAT Sp´ecialit´e : Physique ECOLE DOCTORALE D'ANGERS Pr´esent´ee et soutenue publiquement le 10 juillet 2007 `a l'Universit´e d'Angers par Guillaume ALOMBERT-GOGET Devant le jury ci-dessous : Mr PANCZER

  13. COLE CENTRALE DE LILLE ANNEE 2006 N d'ordre : 0029

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ÉCOLE CENTRALE DE LILLE ANNEE 2006 N° d'ordre : 0029 THESE Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'ÉCOLE CENTRALE DE LILLE DOCTORAT DELIVRE CONJOINTEMENT PAR L'ECOLE CENTRALE DE LILLE et l'Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille Discipline : AUTOMATIQUE et INFORMATIQUE INDUSTRIELLE Présentée et soutenue

  14. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N D.U. 1837 ANNEE2008

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N° D.U. 1837 ANNEE2008 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE ET DE LA SANTE N° d'ordre 481 T h è s e Présentée à l'Université Blaise Pascal pour l of gluconic acid. Président : M. DUSSAP Claude-Gilles, Professeur, Univ. Blaise Pascal Membres : M. PANDEY

  15. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE D.U. 2044 ANNEE 2010

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE No D.U. 2044 ANNEE 2010 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE, SANTE, AGRONOMIE, ENVIRONEMENT No d'ordre 523 THÈSE Présentée à l'Université Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal, France Referees: Dr. Jean-Paul LHOMME Researcher, Institut de Recherche pour le

  16. UNIVERSIT BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSIT D'AUVERGNE N D.U. 1573 ANNEE 2005

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITÉ BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITÉ D'AUVERGNE N° D.U. 1573 ANNEE 2005 ÉCOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES'Université Blaise Pascal pour l'obtention du grade de DOCTEUR D'UNIVERSITE (Spécialité : Physiologie et Génétique, Gembloux, Belgique Directeurs de thèse: M. Gilles PÉTEL, Professeur, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont

  17. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N D.U. : 1841 ANNEE2008

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N° D.U. : 1841 ANNEE2008 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE ET DE LA SANTE N° d'ordre : 482 T h è s e Présentée à l'Université Blaise Pascal pour l-liquide _______________________________________________________ Président : M. GROS Jean-Bernard, Professeur, Univ. Blaise Pascal Membres : M. LARROCHE Christian

  18. Laboratoire Langues, Littratures, Linguistique des Universits d'Angers et du Maine (3L.AM) -

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    Laboratoire Langues, Littératures, Linguistique des Universités d'Angers et du Maine (3L.AM) - EA n Laboratoire Langues, Littératures, Linguistique des universités d'Angers et du Maine (Labo 3L.AM), �quipe d au Mans et 20 à Angers) et accueille 40 doctorants. #12;Au Mans, le laboratoire est dirigé par Franck

  19. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Annee 2006 OPTIMISATION DES PROCEDES DE MISE EN FORME PAR

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Ann´ee 2006 N°327 OPTIMISATION DES PROCEDES DE MISE EN FORME PAR APPROCHE´ecialit´e : Sciences de l'Ing´enieur ECOLE DOCTORALE D'ANGERS Pr´esent´ee et soutenue publiquement Le 21 D´ecembre 2006 A l'Institut des Sciences et Techniques de l'Ing´enieur d'Angers Par Daniel LEPADATU Devant le jury ci

  20. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N D.U. 2440 ANNEE 2014 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE, SANTE, AGRONOMIE ET

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL ­ N° D.U. 2440 ­ ANNEE 2014 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE, SANTE'UNIVERSITE Spécialité : Ecologie Microbienne Par Pierre JOLY Master Recherche de l'Université Blaise Pascal Etude des MALLET Maître de Conférences, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand Invitée : Pascale BESSE

  1. Modelisation Articulatoire de la Main en Langue Francaise Parlee Completee : le cas de la cle digitale

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mod´elisation Articulatoire de la Main en Langue Fran¸caise Parl´ee Compl´et´ee : le cas de la cl modelling is a main topic. Thus this contribution discusses different statistical models used. Une position de la main code pour un groupe de voyelles, une configuration de la main pour un groupe

  2. UNIVERSIT DU MAINE, LE MANS UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences humaines

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITÉ DU MAINE, LE MANS UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences humaines UMR CNRS 6590 Espaces et Sociétés (ESO) Thèse Pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l'Université du Maine Discipline : Géographie Soutenue le 6 décembre 2012 JURY Yamna DJELLOULI, Professeur, Université du Maine, directrice de thèse

  3. [TALAF-O.5] Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014

    E-print Network

    [TALAF-O.5] 134 21ème Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 PFM : pour une and verbs of ikota, bantu language of Gabon. I use the notion of position class (CP) of PFM (ParadigmGrammar) to implement the morphology of this language. Mots-clés : PFM, implémentation, morphologie, ikota. Keywords

  4. [P-Demo2.1] Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014

    E-print Network

    [P-Demo2.1] 19 21ème Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Zodiac,lapalme}@iro.umontreal.ca Résumé. Nous proposons dans cette démonstration de présenter le logiciel Zodiac, permettant l'insertion automa- tique de diacritiques (accents, cédilles, etc.) dans un texte français. Zodiac prend la forme d

  5. Ridouane (2008) LANGUES ET LINGUISTIQUE 17 LES ACTIVITES DU LARYNX EN BERBERE

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2008-01-01

    Ridouane (2008) LANGUES ET LINGUISTIQUE 17 0 LES ACTIVITES DU LARYNX EN BERBERE RACHID RIDOUANE larynx. L'adduction est produite par le rapprochement plus ou moins important de ces cartilages. Des ajustements spécifiques des cordes vocales, contrôlés par les muscles intrinsèques du larynx, sont produits

  6. Universit Blaise-Pascal -Clermont-Ferrand II UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Université Blaise-Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines UMR. Daniel Ricard, Professeur de Géographie, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand II, CERAMAC M, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand II, CERAMAC, co-directeur de thèse M. Yves Michelin, Professeur de

  7. Analyse de Internet et la classe de langue Franois MANGENOT et lisabeth LOUVEAU

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Analyse de Internet et la classe de langue François MANGENOT et Élisabeth LOUVEAU Internet et la RÉZEAU Université Rennes 2, France 1. Introduction 2. En guise d'introduction à Internet 3. Les ressources pédagogiques sur Internet 4. Dispositifs d'apprentissage intégrant le multimédia 5. Scénarios

  8. L'annee psychologique: history of the founding of a 100-year-old.

    PubMed

    Nicolas, S; Segui, J; Ferrand, L

    2000-02-01

    The authors present the history of the founding of the French journal L'Annee Psychologique. The names of Theodule Ribot (1839-1916), Henry Beaunis (1830-1921), and Alfred Binet (1857-1911) are closely associated with the journal. Ribot's election to the chair of Experimental and Comparative Psychology at the College de France in 1888 marked the official emancipation of psychology in France. Because there was no laboratory associated with the chair, Beaunis, a physiological psychologist from Nancy, proposed to Ribot the creation of the first French laboratory of experimental psychology (1889). Under Beaunis's direction, this laboratory was established at the Sorbonne in Paris but was in fact dependent on another educational institution, L'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. In 1893 the laboratory's research was first published in a yearly journal named Travaux du Laboratoire de Psychologie Physiologique (2 volumes: 1893-1894). Binet, who joined the laboratory in 1891, was not satisfied by the form of this publication. With Beaunis's agreement, he then created L'Annee Psychologique in 1894 to develop the reputation of the laboratory's research. The authors present the evolution and vicissitudes of the journal from 1895 to 1912, with a glance up to the present. PMID:11624163

  9. Enquete sur le language de l'enfant francais (Investigation of the Language of French Children): The Spoken Language of Nine-Year-Old French Children. A Word Count Based on the CREDIF Transcriptions. Document No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutherford, R. W., Ed.; Wears, M., Ed.

    Transcriptions of recorded conversations of nine-year-old French children are analyzed and presented in this comparative word count. The actual count of the 55,588 word corpus is arranged alphabetically and contrasted with selected, identical words found in the Francais Fondamental word list. Proper nouns are listed separately at the end of the…

  10. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Annee 2009 Contribution `a l'evaluation de la fiabilite d'un

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Ann´ee 2009 N°991 Contribution `a l'´evaluation de la fiabilit´e d'un syst´ecialit´e : Sciences de l'ing´enieur ECOLE DOCTORALE D'ANGERS Pr´esent´ee et soutenue publiquement Le xx septembre 2009 A l'Institut des Sciences et Techniques de l'Ing´enieur d'Angers Par Amel DEMRI Devant le jury ci

  11. Le lexique anglais-francais de l'industrie miniere de l'Office de la langue francaise (The English-French Lexicon of the Mining Industry prepared by the Office of the French Language)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousseau, Louis-Jean

    1974-01-01

    This article describes research methods involved in compiling a lexicon of terms used in the mining industry. This consisted mainly in contrasting terms found in dictionaries with actual usage in spoken and written language. (Text is in French) (AM)

  12. Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse. Supplement 2001 (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature. Supplement 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    The document comprises 42 inserts to be included in the List of Books (4-6) for French as a Second Language (Immersion)--a selection of works of youth literature--published by Alberta Learning in 2000. Thirty-seven of the items appeal to the world of imagination and esthetics, and five items are of an informative nature. An appendix, entitled "How…

  13. UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines Recrutement Personnels Associs (PAST) mi-temps

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines Recrutement Personnels Associés (PAST) à mi-temps Recrute un maître de conférences associé à mi-temps A compter du 1er septembre 2012 La présente campagne est ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ UFR Sciences et Techniques Recrute un PAST à mi-temps A compter du 1er septembre 2012 La présente

  14. LA REVUE DE L'EPI N 95 LA LINGUISTIQUE L'AIDE DES TECHNOLOGIES COMPRENDRE L'APPRENDRE D'UNE LANGUE

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    domaine, mais peut tirer parti des apports des autres. Ceci explique pourquoi la didactique des langues (1987) résumait les orientations méthodologiques dans la didactique des langues à partir des apports de notionnelle fonctionnelle. Pour répondre à l'analyse des besoins langa- giers, l'auteur propose des fondements

  15. Langues Sciences et Techniques Centre d'tudes suprieures de la Renaissance Ecole polytechnique de l'universit de Tours Institut Sciences Sociales Institut Universitaire de Technologie de Tours Lettres et Langues Sciences et Techniques Centre d'tudes supri

    E-print Network

    Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

    Langues Sciences et Techniques Centre d'études supérieures de la Renaissance Ecole polytechnique de Sciences Humaines Droit, Econo- e d'études supérieures de la Renaissance Ecole polytechnique de l Sciences et Techniques Centre d'études supérieures de la Renaissance Ecole polytechnique Humaines Droit

  16. Langues et Mdia au Maroc dans la premire dcennie du XXIme sicle : la monte irrsistible de la drija ?

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Langues et Média au Maroc dans la première décennie du XXIème siècle : la montée irrésistible de la séries télévisuelles en arabe marocain est une nouveauté au Maroc, initié par TV2M en Mai 2009 avec le certains milieux intellectuels ou politiques défendant la place de larabe standard au Maroc. Pourtant

  17. Universit d'Angers Anne 2007 UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines N d'ordre : 883

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Université d'Angers Année 2007 UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines N° d'ordre : 883 LE RÔLE Thèse de Doctorat Pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l'Université d'Angers Discipline : Psychologie Ecole Doctorale d'Angers Présentée et soutenue publiquement Le 10 décembre 2007 À Angers Par Florence

  18. Universit d'Angers Anne 2008 UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines N d'ordre : 941

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Université d'Angers Année 2008 UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines N° d'ordre : 941. Études chez l'enfant et l'adulte Thèse de Doctorat Pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l'Université d'Angers publiquement Le 26 novembre 2008 Á Angers Par Laëtitia BOULC'H _______________________ Jury Elisabeth DEMONT

  19. LANGAGE D'ECRITURES ET LANGUE ORALE SUR INTERNET Rsum : Les nouveaux supports influencent les formes graphiques et

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    LANGAGE D'ECRITURES ET LANGUE ORALE SUR INTERNET Résumé : Les nouveaux supports influencent les à côté de l'écran-papier (destiné à une lecture sur papier), l'écrit-écran, où l'ordinateur devient support de lecture. Avec ce dernier, devenu support de lecture, l'informatique entraîne le texte dans des

  20. Proceedings: Pacific Northwest Council on Foreign Languages. Volume XXX, Part 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazur, Gertrud S., Ed.

    The following papers of relevance to second language instruction are compiled here: (1) "Bilingual Math in a Monolingual Classroom: A Field Study," by Elizabeth M. Baricevic; (2) "Ideologie et pedagogie: reflexions sur le manuel de francais au programme de '3e annee secondaire' en Algerie," by Jeanne Adam; (3) "Pedagogic Grammar and Applied…

  1. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGIE. -Discrimination de la langue maternelle par le nouveau-ne. Note de Jacques Mehler, Ghislaine Lambertz, Peter Jusczyk et Claudine Amiel-Tison,

    E-print Network

    Mehler, Jacques

    . Les nouveau-nes de 4 jours repondent de fa90n preferentielle et discriminative a la langue de leurs. - 64 nouveau-nes ont ete recrutes a la maternite Baudelocque (Paris). 11s'agit de nouveau-nes a terrne

  2. Violence dans la langue : le cran d'arrt vu par Roland Barthes1 Il ne sortait pas de cette ide sombre, que la vraie

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Violence dans la langue : le cran d'arrêt vu par Roland Barthes1 « Il ne sortait pas de cette, c'est Roland Barthes (1915-1980) ; « Il » est bien sûr multiple même s'il s'écrit au singulier et Barthes par Roland Barthes, in R. BARTHES, OEuvres complètes, tome III : 1974-1980, Éd. établie et

  3. Les Cahiers de l'Acedle, numro 2, 2006, recherches en didactique des langues, colloque Acedle, juin 2005 Le cours de TIC : espace d'apprentissage linguistique ?

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    , juin 2005 178 Le cours de TIC : espace d'apprentissage linguistique ? Joséphine RÉMON Université Lumière, Lyon 2 Résumé Cet article explore l'hypothèse que le cours de TIC peut être un espace d ; didactique des TIC ; anglais langue seconde ; analyse d'erreurs Abstract The present article explores

  4. 4me atelier international sur l'Amazighe et les Nouvelles Technologies, 24 et 25 fvrier 2011, IRCAM, Rabat, Maroc. Vers l'informatisation de quelques langues d'Afrique de l'Ouest

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    , IRCAM, Rabat, Maroc. Vers l'informatisation de quelques langues d'Afrique de l'Ouest Chantal Enguehard international sur l'Amazighe et les Nouvelles Technologies, 24 et 25 février 2011, IRCAM, Rabat, Maroc

  5. L'Islam dans les cours de "langue et culture d'origine" : le procs par Franoise Lorcerie, CNRS (IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence)

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 L'Islam dans les cours de "langue et culture d'origine" : le procès par Françoise Lorcerie, CNRS, l'article tente de décrire du point de vue de la place qu'ils font à l'islam les cadres normatifs et superposition limiterait à peu de choses la présentation de l'Islam dans les cours de LCO, même si l

  6. Francais langue seconde trousse d'evaluation. Tests modeles pour les course: French 20 (intermediare 4/5), French 30 (intermediare 5/6) = French as a Second Language Evaluation Resource Package. Model Tests for Courses: French 20 (Intermediate 4/5), French 30 (Intermediate 5/6).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

    This evaluation package contains two model tests, one for the Alberta (Canada) French 20 course (intermediate 4/5) and one for French 30 (intermediate 5/6). The tests were designed for holistic evaluation of high school students' language performance based on an experiential/communicative approach. They allow teachers to obtain a sampling of…

  7. Invatamantul cu Predarea in Limbile Minoritatilor Nationale din Romania. In Anul Scolar 1992/1993 = The Education System in Romania: Tuition in the Languages of Ethnic Minorities. The School Year 1992/1993 = L'enseignement dispense dans les langues des minorites nationales de Roumanie. L'annee scolaire 1992/1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for National Minorities, Bucharest (Romania).

    Documentation of the Romanian system of language instruction in ethnic minority languages is presented in Romanian, French, and English. It consists of: relevant provisions from the national constitution concerning the rights of ethnic minority members; organization and functioning of the educational system at the elementary, middle, and secondary…

  8. L'interdisciplinarite en sciences sociales pour l'etude du contact des langues (Interdisciplinarity in Social Sciences of the Study of the Relationships of Languages). Proceedings of a Colloquium of the International Center for Research on Bilingualism and the Institute for Interethnic and Intercultural Studies and Research (2nd, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, October 1-5, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prujiner, Alain, Ed.

    Papers given at an international conference applying the social sciences to the study of the relationships of languages include the following: "Reseaux sociaux et comportements langagiers en milieu de contact des langues" ("Social Networks and Language Behaviors in a Language Contact Setting") by M. Blanc and J. Hamers, with commentary by R.…

  9. Groupe Nom latin Nom francais translocation

    E-print Network

    Bison bonasus bonasus Bison d'Europe réintroduction Biélorussie Belowezhskaya Pushcha national park 1946 mammifère Bison bonasus bonasus Bison d'Europe réintroduction Biélorussie Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve 1974 mammifère Bison bonasus bonasus Bison d'Europe réintroduction Biélorussie Polessky Radiological Reserve 1995

  10. Le Francais quand meme (French Nonetheless).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delautier, Jean-Marie

    1983-01-01

    Political, attitudinal, and administrative problems of teaching compulsory foreign languages in Colombia are described and discussed from the point of view of a French teacher in a system characterized by confusion and lack of student interest. (MSE)

  11. Integration des sciences et de la langue: Creation et experimentation d'un modele pedagogique pour ameliorer l'apprentissage des sciences en milieu francophone minoritaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cormier, Marianne

    Les faibles resultats en sciences des eleves du milieu francophone minoritaire, lors d'epreuves au plan national et international, ont interpelle la recherche de solutions. Cette these avait pour but de creer et d'experimenter un modele pedagogique pour l'enseignement des sciences en milieu linguistique minoritaire. En raison de la presence de divers degres de francite chez la clientele scolaire de ce milieu, plusieurs elements langagiers (l'ecriture, la discussion et la lecture) ont ete integres a l'apprentissage scientifique. Nous avions recommande de commencer le processus d'apprentissage avec des elements langagiers plutot informels (redaction dans un journal, discussions en dyades...) pour progresser vers des activites langagieres plus formelles (redaction de rapports ou d'explications scientifiques). En ce qui a trait a l'apprentissage scientifique, le modele preconisait une demarche d'evolution conceptuelle d'inspiration socio-constructiviste tout en s'appuyant fortement sur l'apprentissage experientiel. Lors de l'experimentation du modele, nous voulions savoir si celui-ci provoquait une evolution conceptuelle chez les eleves, et si, simultanement, le vocabulaire scientifique de ces derniers s'enrichissait. Par ailleurs, nous cherchions a comprendre comment les eleves vivaient leurs apprentissages dans le cadre de ce modele pedagogique. Une classe de cinquieme annee de l'ecole de Grande-Digue, dans le Sud-est du Nouveau-Brunswick, a participe a la mise a l'essai du modele en etudiant les marais sales locaux. Lors d'entrevues initiales, nous avons remarque que les connaissances des eleves au sujet des marais sales etaient limitees. En effet, s'ils etaient conscients que les marais etaient des lieux naturels, ils ne pouvaient pas necessairement les decrire avec precision. Nous avons egalement constate que les eleves utilisaient surtout des mots communs (plantes, oiseaux, insectes) pour decrire le marais. Les resultats obtenus indiquent que les eleves ont progresse dans leurs conceptions au sujet des marais. A la suite de l'intervention pedagogique, ils peuvent decrire le marais de facon comparable a des scientifiques en mettant a profit des mots scientifiques (spartine alterniflore, detritus, chevalier a pattes jaunes). Selon nous, les apprentissages des eleves s'expliquent surtout par la juxtaposition, dans le modele pedagogique, des elements langagiers avec une demarche de changement conceptuel a caractere experientiel. En effet, lors de cette demarche, les eleves se sont beaucoup questionnes, ont ecrit leurs reflexions, discute de leurs preoccupations et consulte des documents. Ces activites langagieres se sont deroulees directement dans le marais ainsi qu'a la suite de visites dans celui-ci. Ainsi, la possibilite de decouverte a ete reelle pour eux. Ces differents elements se sont combines pour creer une forte motivation. Le tout s'est arrime pour permettre une evolution conceptuelle et langagiere. Le modele pedagogique experimente pourrait ainsi s'averer tres fecond aupres des eleves du milieu linguistique minoritaire.

  12. Pourquoi le francais et quel francais au Maroc? (Why French and Which French in Morocco?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akouaou, Ahmed

    1984-01-01

    The status of French in Morocco is ambiguous: it is neither an official language nor a foreign language, and it would benefit greatly from an official definition that would allow a variety of language conflicts to be resolved. (MSE)

  13. UNSA Licence Informatique Annee 20022003

    E-print Network

    Pierre, Laurence

    servir de ces deux fonctions pour â??ecrire un petit programme C qui fonctionnera avec l'option ­m et/ou l ­Wall ­pedantic), le nom du fichier source, le nom du fichier utilisâ??e par Doc++ (se servir de la

  14. Les mtiers des langues trangres

    E-print Network

    Jeanjean, Louis

    individuel, en groupe, en face à face ou à distance, par téléphone ou en ligne. Il doit être en mesure de s'adapter à des publics sans cesse renouvelé, il faut alors faire preuve de capacités de communication et d'adaptation enseigner les termes de la vie quotidienne à des migrants ou un français plus technique s'il s'adresse à des

  15. Les francais de traduction (Different Ways to Translate French Texts).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renaud, Gaston R.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews the variety of language styles with which the translator deals and discusses the esthetic and practical advantages of adapting the language of a text to the sociocultural and communicative habits of a specific linguistic group. (MSE)

  16. N d'ordre : ANNEE 2002 Prsente

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Jean-Pierre Goedgebuer, Professeur, Université de Franche Comté Pascal Mollier, Maître de Conférence, membres du jury, pour leurs commentaires et questions. Par ailleurs, je remercie Pascal Mollier pour les

  17. Licence de Sciences Economiques Annee 20062007

    E-print Network

    Vallette, Bruno

    â??ematiques L1 FEUILLE DE TRAVAUX DIRIG â?? ES 1 Exercice 1. Nous allons modâ??eliser par une fonction les chaâ??�nes'ai regardâ??e un film ou une â??emission proposâ??e par une de ces chaâ??�nes. Appelons les chaâ??�nes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 faisant un autre choix de chaâ??�nes chaque jour, d'avoir une fonction surjective? (5) Cette fonction est

  18. Licence de Sciences Economiques Annee 20072008

    E-print Network

    Vallette, Bruno

    â??ematiques L1 FEUILLE DE TRAVAUX DIRIG â?? ES 1 Exercice 1. Nous allons modâ??eliser par une fonction les chaâ??�nes'ai regardâ??e un film ou une â??emission proposâ??e par une de ces chaâ??�nes. Appelons les chaâ??�nes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 faisant un autre choix de chaâ??�nes chaque jour, d'avoir une fonction surjective? (5) Cette fonction est

  19. d'ordre: Annee 2011 presentee devant

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Annat M. le Professeur D. Simon M. le Professeur J-F. Mornex M. G. Gay COMPOSANTES SANTE Faculté de affects the frequencies of alleles in populations via biased gene conversion. Lately, the numerous

  20. Ensimag 1re annee 2005-2006

    E-print Network

    François, Olivier

    au moins un six. b) Obtenir au moins un num´ero pair. c) La somme des num´eros obtenus est ´egale `a 6. d) La somme des num´eros obtenus est paire. Exercice 2 . Soit X un nombre positif mesur´e `a l'issue d'une ´epreuve al´eatoire. On suppose que 0 a b b]) = b a e-x dx . a) Calculer P

  1. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Annee 2008

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -BLONDEAU (Directeur de th`ese), Professeur des Universit´es, Universit´e d'Angers David ROUSSEAU (Co-encadrant), Ma co-encadrant Mr David Rousseau, Ma^itre de Conf´erences `a l'Universit´e d'Angers, pour son

  2. d'ordre : 2354 Annee 2006 presentee

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ´eduction des forces de frottement sec dans un moteur `a combustion interne R´esum´e : Mes travaux de recherche´eduction des pertes par frottement dans un moteur `a combustion interne sous l'impulsion du motoriste de ´electroactive `a l'aide d'actionneurs pi´ezo´electriques Application `a la r´eduction des forces de frottement

  3. THESE / UNIVERSIT RENNES 2 UFR Langues

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ­ UFBA/Brasil Directrice de Thèse au Brésil/Orientadora no Brasil Ana Rosa Neves RAMOS Universidade Federal da Bahia ­ UFBA/Brasil Présidente/Presidente Reheniglei REHEM Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz ­ UESC/Brasil Rapporteur/Membro Jorge de Souza ARAUJO Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana ­ UEFS/Brasil

  4. Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Expressions diffrencies des besoins informationnels en Langue Naturelle

    E-print Network

    des tâches de recherche d'informations Marilyne Latour1, 2 (1) Université Grenoble-Alpes, GRESEC, F-38040 Grenoble (2) ReportLinker, 4 Rue Montrochet, 69002 Lyon marilyne.latour@ac-grenoble.fr, marilyne.latour

  5. EXPLICAMUS DUM DOCEMUS : L'explication des faits de langue(s)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    constantly depends on didactic requirements (language teaching methods). Our research is founded ; - functionalist approach : a language is considered as a tool of communication ; describing a linguistic system

  6. Traumatismes Oculaires par Petards: Bilan sur Trois Annees

    PubMed Central

    Zouaoui-Kesraoui, N.; Derdour, A.

    2009-01-01

    Summary Les accidents dus aux pétards sont des accidents graves. Leur recrudescence ces dernières années en Algérie, essentiellement durant les fêtes du Mawlid Ennabaoui (fête de la naissance du prophète), mérite à notre sens d'entreprendre des bilans exhaustifs dont celui-ci dans le but d'une sensibilisation de toutes les compétences concernées. Nous avons réuni sur trois années consécutives (2002, 2003, 2004) 60 dossiers de malades ayant subi des accidents oculaires par pétards. Nos patients sont répartis en 42 consultations pour blessures légères et 18 hospitalisations pour blessures graves. Parmi ces derniers, neuf ont présenté des complications et séquelles graves (cinq cas de cécité par atrophie du globe oculaire, trois cas de cécité cornéenne et un cas de cécité par trou maculaire). Dans tous ces cas l'incapacité permanente partielle est au minimum de 30%. Au vu de ces données nous proposons des mesures d'éducation sanitaire et une sensibilisation du grand public aux traumatismes oculaires, par le biais de mé dias appropriés: radio, télévision, affiches. PMID:21991157

  7. d'ordre : 2008-ISAL-0054 Annee 2008 presentee

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ´enieur I.N.S.A. de Lyon INFLUENCE OF INDENTATIONS ON ROLLING BEARING LIFE Soutenue le 16 septembre 2008, pollution, contamination, debris, particle, indent, indentation, life prediction, rolling element bearing distribution perturbations, and finally to predict the life reduction of indented contacts as a function

  8. INSA Lyon, 1re annee, groupe 15 2 octobre 2006

    E-print Network

    Kloeckner, Benoît R.

    donner leur cardinal : 1. A B et A B ; 2. A � B ; 3. P (A) et P (B) ; 4. P (A) P (B) et P (A B) ; 5. P (A) P (B) et P (A B). Exercice 2 -- Soient E un ensemble et A et B des parties de E. Montrer que P (A B) = P (A) P (B). Exercice 3 -- Pour chacune des applications suivantes, d´eterminer si elle

  9. INSA Lyon, 1re annee, groupe 15 7 novembre 2006

    E-print Network

    Kloeckner, Benoît R.

    nombre r´eel. On d´efinit : A + B = {x + y; x A, y B} et A = {x; x A} . En suivant cette d'il existe un nombre r´eel x1 tel que g(x1) eel x2 tel que g(x2 qu'il existe un r´eel x tel que g(x) = x. 2 #12;

  10. ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    Information et communication 2 1,5 1,5 25 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 commun aux parcours (CND) 3 3 9 6,5 12 Optimisation 1 3 3 12 15 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le

  11. ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    , traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site Temps 4 x 3 4 x 3 16 11,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www 27,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 #12

  12. ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    Informatique 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 SEMESTRE 4 Numériques Matricielles 3 3 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www

  13. ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    Informatique 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 SEMESTRE 4 Monnaie 3 3 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12

  14. ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    , traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 8,5 Géologie de surface 19,5 8 Pétrologie exogène 4 x 3 4 x 3 13,5 14 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L

  15. Ensimag 1re annee 2013-2014 Travaux diriges

    E-print Network

    François, Olivier

    au moins un six. b) Obtenir au moins un num´ero pair. c) La somme des num´eros obtenus est ´egale `a 6. d) La somme des num´eros obtenus est paire. Exercice 2 . Soit X un nombre positif mesur´e `a l'issue d'une ´epreuve al´eatoire. On suppose que 0 a b b]) = b a e-x dx . a) Calculer P

  16. Introduction aux probabilites -L2 -annee 2004-2005

    E-print Network

    Pellier, Damien

    proc´eder par tirage au sort parmi tous les candidats, en attribuant un num´ero `a chacun d'entre eux. Les num´eros de de 1 `a n1 correspondent aux candidats de sexe f´eminin (masculin respectivement), les probabilit´e uniforme; la probabilit´e de tout ´ev´enement B de est donn´ee par P[B] = cardB card . A

  17. Ensimag 1re annee 2014-2015 Travaux diriges

    E-print Network

    François, Olivier

    au moins un six. b) Obtenir au moins un num´ero pair. c) La somme des num´eros obtenus est ´egale `a 6. d) La somme des num´eros obtenus est paire. Exercice 2 . Soit X un nombre positif mesur´e `a l'issue d'une ´epreuve al´eatoire. On suppose que 0 a b b]) = b a e-x dx . a) Calculer P

  18. Ensimag 1re annee 2011-2012 Travaux diriges

    E-print Network

    François, Olivier

    au moins un six. b) Obtenir au moins un num´ero pair. c) La somme des num´eros obtenus est ´egale `a 6. d) La somme des num´eros obtenus est paire. Exercice 2 . Soit X un nombre positif mesur´e `a l'issue d'une ´epreuve al´eatoire. On suppose que 0 a b b]) = b a e-x dx . a) Calculer P

  19. d'ordre : 224-2006 Annee 2006 presentee

    E-print Network

    Poignard, Clair

    'occasion de travailler `a nouveau avec vous. Je remercie ´egalement Jon Chapman et Olivier Lafitte d cellule biologique 7 3. Probl´ematique 10 4. Etat de l'art et d´emarche suivie 11 5. Plan et principaux r

  20. Universite Paris Diderot JAVA ISIFAR Annee 2008-2009

    E-print Network

    Giulio, Manzonetto

    . Utilisez cette m´ethode pour faire la somme de tous les entiers donn´es en argument de la ligne de commande("Microsoft", "Destroy the world", 1000, 1900); Entreprise Ford = new Entreprise("Ford", "Conquer the world", 2000, 1500

  1. Japon: Le francais en sursis? (Japan: French in Stay of Execution?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pecheur, Jacques

    1991-01-01

    In Japan, second-language instruction and specifically French instruction are at a crossroads. Despite appearances of normalcy, survival of university-level French instruction is threatened by greater current interest in Asian languages. In response, the French Embassy and Japanese Association of French Professors have established a policy to…

  2. Un Programme de francais fonctionnel pour le tourisme (A Program of Functional French for Tourism)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baudry, Jean; And Others

    1978-01-01

    A description of a functional French program for the training of tourism personnel in Greece. The topics discussed are: the public and their needs, and analysis of oral communication, pedagogical techniques and activities, including numerous examples of comprehension and speaking exercises. A short bibliography is included. (Text is in French.)…

  3. Un trait du francais parle authentique: La dislocation. (A Trait of Authentic Spoken French: Dislocation.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calve, Pierre

    1983-01-01

    The dislocation of sentence elements in spoken French is seen as allowing the speaker to free himself from certain constraints imposed on word order, position of accents, and grammar. Dislocation is described, its various functions are enumerated, and implications for second language instruction are outlined. (MSE)

  4. Uruguay: Le francais en quete d'image (Uruguay: French in Search of an Image).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francais dans le Monde, 1993

    1993-01-01

    The role of French language instruction in Uruguay is assessed. Drawing on results of recent surveys, it is observed that French suffers from a lackluster image, and from a lack of confidence among language teachers themselves. (MSE)

  5. Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimanche, Maurice

    This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

  6. Le francais fonde sur la competence, Novice (Competency Based French, Novice).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimanche, Maurice

    This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. The guide includes 21 topical lessons at the introductory level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational dialogues. Lesson topics include: greetings; introducing…

  7. Le Francais des Professions Scientifiques et Techniques (French for the Scientific and Technical Professions).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Brigitte

    Two sequential courses in scientific and technical French developed as a supplement to third- and fourth-year college French, in response to expressed student and industry demand, had as their objectives to develop a general familiarity with products of the large French industrial companies and their United States affiliates and to develop means…

  8. L'Onomatopee dans la classe de francais (Onomatopoeia in the French Class).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunet, Jean-Paul

    1988-01-01

    Onomatopoeia is overlooked in many French grammar courses but plays a key role in everyday speech. Classification according to the feelings communicated stresses their importance. Students enjoy learning the sounds produced by animals in a second language and discovering the abundance of onomatopoeia in songs, commercials, comic books, and slang.…

  9. Technoscientific French Teaching Guide = Guide pour l'enseignement du Francais technoscientifique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Brigitte D.

    This course guide aids university professors in doing research to develop a course in scientific and technical French. The course is intended to aid students in developing communicative skills in French in the context of science and technology. The course introduces students to the culture of France as well as to its industrial and technological…

  10. Le Francais parle. Etudes sociolinguistiques (Spoken French. Sociolinguistic Studies). Current Inquiry into Languages and Linguistics 30.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thibault, Pierrette

    This volume contains twelve articles dealing with the French language as spoken in Quebec. The following topics are addressed: (1) language change and variation; (2) coordinating expressions in the French spoken in Montreal; (3) expressive language as source of language change; (4) the role of correction in conversation; (5) social change and…

  11. Une lecon de francais avec des jeux electroniques (A French Lesson with Electronic Games).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malandain, Jean-Louis

    1996-01-01

    Electronic games are proposed as a means for encouraging students of French to learn and use the language while solving problems. A computerized card game and mine-removal game are offered as illustration of the language skills and vocabulary that can be developed and the appeal that such exercises can have for students. (MSE)

  12. Chine: Les Chances du Francais (The Fortunes of the French Language in China).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuning, Zhang

    1996-01-01

    Examines the current situation in China surrounding the teaching of French as a Foreign Language. After the decline of French teaching subsequent to the Cultural Revolution, the language returned to favor around 1970. Chinese students are infatuated with French; many study it as a first or second foreign language. Additionally, French literature…

  13. "L'unilinguisme" francais contre le changement sociolinguistique (French "Unilingualism" versus Sociolinguistic Change).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyer, Henri

    2001-01-01

    This article describes the French unilingual, also seen as a sociolinguistic ideology, in its varieties, especially since the French Revolution: an ideology based on few representations that are both inner and outer linguistic. The article also discusses the attitude of the unilingual in the collective epilinguistic field of experiment. One…

  14. Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Rsum Automatique Multilingue

    E-print Network

    techniques du TAL ont été utilisées pour produire des extraits tels que l'usage de l'analyse rhétorique RST (Rhetorical Structure Theory)(Marcu, 1998). Cependant, ces techniques requièrent des traitements de haut

  15. Colloque : Les liaisons dangereuses : Langues Traduction Interprtation Axe : Le conflit

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    cependant et Roland Barthes1 n'avait pas tort de parler de degrés d'écriture. L'écriture pourrait donc se souci est la transmission objective de l'information. Ce genre d'écriture s'oppose à 1 Roland Barthes

  16. Musique et Langues Vivantes (Music and Modern Languages)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontaine, M.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    This article discusses the problems encountered by second language learners in mastering the phonology of the target language, and suggests the use of music in second language teaching, particularly for intonation. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  17. Semiotique et didactique des langues (Semiotics and Language Teaching).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertrand, Denis

    1993-01-01

    Semiotics can be a useful tool for analysis in language learning situations. This is particularly true for delineating student comprehension and the familiarity/strangeness aspects of discourse or texts. Use of semiotics can help differentiate the problems facing learners of French as a native language from those facing learners of French as a…

  18. http://dep-espagnol.univ-pau.fr LICENCE LANGUES, LITTRATURES,

    E-print Network

    Dambrine, Marc

    civilisations et littératures d'Espagne et d'Amérique latine · Étude des arts espagnols (peinture, architecture · Métiers de la communication, de la culture et du patrimoine espagnols (alliance française, centres

  19. Prenez le temps. Pour "faire francais" pensez au rhythme! (Take Your Time. To "Make French," Think about Rhythm!)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wioland, Francois; Wenk, Brian J.

    1983-01-01

    Transcripts of 11 dialogs based on rhythmic syllable groups, which make clear the rhythmic structures at the base of spoken French, are presented. Phonetic, lexical, and grammatical variation within the same rhythmic structure strengthen the exercise. The exercises are for intermediate and advanced adult students. (MSE)

  20. 17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Modelisation macroscopique de la croissance des tumeurs cerebrales.

    E-print Network

    Ayache, Nicholas

    ´ements finis. Cette r´esolution repose sur un maillage t´etra´edrique du cerveau sp´ecifique au patient`ere ´evaluation du mod`ele est effectu´ee en simulant la crois- sance d'un glioblastome chez un patient donn^eme patient 6 mois plus tard. Abstract : We propose a new model to simulate the growth of glioblastomas

  1. Nous Parlons Francais. An Elementary Foreign Language Summer School Program, Grades K-8. A Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McFadden, Virginia; And Others

    The teachers' guide for a 4-week, 4-hours-per-day elementary school summer program in French consists of information and suggestions for program implementation and materials for use with students. The introductory section contains a general program description, including broad program objectives for language comprehension, language production, and…

  2. L'Enseignement du francais par le chant au jardin d'enfants (Teaching French in Kindergarten Using the Song)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braem, Bernard

    1977-01-01

    A description of French instruction in kindergarten and primary grades in Louisiana by the method "Chantons avec Jeannot Lapin." It is an audio-visual approach whose goal is to sensitize students to the spoken language. A description of the methodology and a sample lesson plan are given. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  3. Images de la variation du francais: dominantes et harmoniques, changements (Images of Variation in French: Dominant and Harmonic, Changes).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castellotti, Veronique; De Robillard, Didier

    2001-01-01

    This study gathered knowledge on an ill-explored field: attitudes toward French in France. It discusses ways and means to produce empirical data on this issue. Data indicate that the field described deserves investigation because, alongside standard French, the other "parlure" sampled in this study produce a variety of different attitudes and…

  4. Planification de l'enseignement du francais a l'elementaire: Immersion (Planning French Instruction at the Elementary Level: Immersion).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavoie, Jacinthe

    A shift in instructional focus to student needs and interests spurred the development of a different approach to French second language program design in Alberta. A practical curriculum planning model is offered that is based on: (1) communicative and student-centered activities; (2) responsiveness to teacher needs; and (3) supporting planning for…

  5. The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    to encourage your colleagues and fellow students to become involved in our activities. Le Centre d et du CCMI de cette ann´ee. Les Concours de cette ann´ee retentissaient de succ`es, avec des moyennes

  6. The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    to encourage your colleagues and fellow students to become involved in our activities. Le Centre d Fermat de cette ann´ee. Les Con- cours de cette ann´ee retentissaient de succ`es, avec des moyennes de 90

  7. The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    to encourage your colleagues and fellow students to become involved in our activities. Le Centre d Fermat de cette ann´ee. Les Con- cours de cette ann´ee retentissaient de succ`es, avec des moyennes de 95

  8. Nd'ordre 2011-ISAL-0083 Annee 2011 TH`ESE DE DOCTORAT

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ´ecaniques et `a rupture par corr´elation d'images 2D et 3D - Application aux filtres `a particules Diesel `a base de titanate d'aluminium Pr´esent´ee devant l'Institut National des Sciences Appliqu´ees de Lyon

  9. Annee 2012-2013 1`ere Securite des Syst`emes d'Information

    E-print Network

    Dorbec, Paul

    advantage of the service will be prompted to enter a six-digit code texted to their mobile phone each time says it targets news media that are sympathetic to Syria's rebels. The AP hack was particularly

  10. M1 Miage P. Crescenzo -I. Mirbel U.N.S. Annee universitaire 2014/2015

    E-print Network

    Mirbel, Isabelle

    lectures et d'´ecritures. EXERCICE 2 : D´eterminez si les s´equences suivantes peuvent produire des´eration de lecture qui n'est pas suivie par une op´eration d'´ecriture de la m^eme transaction. Les verrous exclusifs doivent ^etre plac´es juste avant toutes les autres op´erations d'´ecriture ou de lecture. Les op

  11. M1 Miage P. Crescenzo -I. Mirbel U.N.S. Annee universitaire 2013/2014

    E-print Network

    Mirbel, Isabelle

    lectures et d'´ecritures. EXERCICE 2 : D´eterminez si les s´equences suivantes peuvent produire des´es doivent ^etre plac´es juste avant chaque op´eration de lecture qui n'est pas suivie par une op´eration d'´ecriture´erations d'´ecriture ou de lecture. Les op´erations de restitution de verrou sont plac´ees `a la fin de

  12. Travaux Pratiques no Cours d'Informatique de Deuxi`eme Annee

    E-print Network

    David, Julien

    pixels (pour le rouge, le vert et le bleu). Exercice 1. Lecture de l'ent^ete ´Ecrire ensuite une fonction;Exercice 4. Ecriture de l'image final PGM ´Ecrire ensuite une fonction de signature int writePGM(FILE * out

  13. Agregation de Mathematiques, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Travail Semaine Toussaint, Annee 2005-2006

    E-print Network

    Berthelin, Florent

    Agr´egation de Math´ematiques, Universit´e de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Travail Semaine Toussaint, Ann=0 ukvn-k. On note Un, Vn et Wn les sommes partielles correspon- dantes et U, V et W les sommes des s s´erie produit est aussi absolument convergente et que UV = W. a) Montrer ce r´esultat dans le cas o

  14. Institut Galilee L2 info S1 Annee 20082009 Administration de Parc Informatique

    E-print Network

    Messiant, Cédric

    Utilisation du Live DVD 1 D´emarrage du Live DVD Un Live DVD est un DVD auto-amor¸cable de Linux. On peut d´emarrer l'ordinateur `a l'aide de ce DVD. Le syst`eme d'exploitation se charge alors en RAM et on peut l une cl´e USB ou t´el´echarg´e sur un autre ordinateur. Pour pouvoir utiliser le Live DVD depuis un

  15. Lecture a contre-fil de la captivite, litterature marocaine feminine des annees 1990

    E-print Network

    Alaoui, Malika

    2010-05-31

    instrumental in publishing progressive literary and scholarly texts, 17 including several series of works focusing on the role of women in Moroccan society that are edited by important female scholars such as Aicha Belarbi et Fatima Mernissi. (2... marocaine d’expression française (2000). Dans cet ouvrage, ils font une étude thématique des travaux de neuf romancières 23 marocaines, couvrant les années 1960 à 1990, et suivant un ordre chronologique. Le parcours commence par Elisa Chimenti (1964...

  16. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Annee : 2003 N d'ordre : 568

    E-print Network

    Bahloul , Rouchdi

    UNIVERSIT´E D'ANGERS Ann´ee : 2003 N d'ordre : 568 CONTRIBUTIONS A L'ETUDE DES IDEAUX DE BERNSTEIN-SATO D'UN POINT DE VUE CONSTRUCTIF TH`ESE DE DOCTORAT Sp´ecialit´e : Math´ematiques ´ECOLE DOCTORALE D'ANGERS Pr´esent´ee et soutenue publiquement le 27 Mai 2003 `a l'universit´e d'Angers par Rouchdi BAHLOUL

  17. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS Annee : 2001 U.F.R. SCIENCES N

    E-print Network

    Vidaux, Xavier

    UNIVERSIT´E D'ANGERS Ann´ee : 2001 U.F.R. SCIENCES N d'ordre : 487 ELEMENTARY EQUIVALENCE´ecialit´e : Math´ematiques ´ECOLE DOCTORALE D'ANGERS Pr´esent´ee et soutenue publiquement le 28 septembre 2001 `a l'universit´e d'Angers par Xavier VIDAUX Devant le jury ci-dessous : A. Macintyre Pr´esident, Rapporteur Universit

  18. Travaux Diriges de Programmation Imperative no Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Annee

    E-print Network

    David, Julien

    permet de l'identifier. ­ D'une liste de station. D´efinir cette structure et ´ecrire les fonctions suivantes : ­ ´Ecrire une fonction ligne ajouter station qui prends en entr´ee un pointeur sur une liste, un nom de station de m´etro et ajoute la station `a la fin de la ligne. ­ ´Ecrire une fonction ligne

  19. No d'ordre: 2009-ISAL-0036 Annee 2009 presentee devant

    E-print Network

    Boulicaut, Jean-François

    questions about gene regulation, for providing me with books, for her enthusiasm and interest in my Master´eline Robardet, Dr. Nazha Selmaoui, my colleagues PhD students Loic Cerf, Antoine Coulon, Dominique Gay, Yolanda

  20. Universite Paris Diderot Paris 7 Algorithmique M1 Informatique Annee 2009-2010, 1er

    E-print Network

    Varacca, Daniele - Laboratoire Preuves, Programmes et Systèmes, Université Paris 7

    ´ee croissante. Les donn´ees sont rang´ees dans un tableau T[1 : 2, 1 : n], o`u T[1, i] est l'abscisse du point sont-ils ? Plus formellement : soit l'espace R2 , muni de la m´etrique euclidienne not´ee . Soit S un ensemble fini de n points dans R2 (on note son cardinal |S| = n). On cherche la valeur D et les deux ´el

  1. IUT Aix-en-Provence Annee 2012-2013 DUT Informatique TD Probabilites feuille n

    E-print Network

    Sablik, Mathieu

    hasard deux jetons l'un apr`es l'autre et on note les num´eros sortis sous la forme (a, b) o`u a est le apparait est le 6" ; B : "Le num´ero qui apparait est pair" ; C : "Le num´ero qui apparait est diff premier tirage et b le second. 1. ´Ecrire toutes les issues possibles. 2. (a) "La somme a + b est ´egale

  2. Semestre 7, Annee 2011-2012 SESSION 1 UE : N1MA7104

    E-print Network

    Yger, Alain

    fonction f a donc exactement deux z´eros simples (`a savoir 1 ± i 3) dans D(0, 3). b) On suppose de plus'in´egalit´e demand´ee. b) D´eterminer toutes les fonctions enti`eres f telles que z C, f(z) = f(-z) et |f(z)| 1 multiplicit´es, et les valeurs des z´eros de la fonction f appartenant au disque ouvert D(0, 3). D'apr`es la

  3. Universite Paris Diderot Analyse complexe Annee 2011-12 L3 mathematiques

    E-print Network

    Merel, Loïc - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    fonctions holomorphes 1. Montrer que le polyn^ome f(z) = z5 + 5z3 + z - 2 poss`ede trois z´eros dans B(0, 1) et que tous ses z´eros sont dans B(0, 3). 2. D´eterminer le nombre de z´eros des polyn^omes suivants dans B(0, 1) : z4 - 3z + 1, z8 - 4z5 + z2 - 1, 2z4 - 5z + 2. 3. D´eterminer le nombre de z´eros des

  4. Universite Paris Diderot Fonctions analytiques Licence de Mathematiques Annee 2011-12

    E-print Network

    Merel, Loïc - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    complexe z. On note C(a, r) le cercle de centre a et de rayon r dans C et B(a, r) la boule ouverte de fonction enti`ere telle que |f(z)| |cos(z)| (z C). 1. Quel est l'ensemble X constitu´e par les z´eros de. Montrer que f est m´eromorphe sur C. Comment se comporte-t-elle en 0 ? 2. Quels sont ses z´eros et ses p

  5. UNIVERSITE DE METZ Annee Universitaire 1999/2000 Departement de Mathematiques

    E-print Network

    Mortini, Raymond

    2 · · · et Bn le sous-produit fini de B associ´e aux z´eros a1, a2, · · · , an. Montrer que (Bn Sµ(reit0 ) = 0. b) La limite radiale limr1 Sµ(reit ) est z´ero µ presque partout. Exercice 4 (5) a un produit de Blaschke. D´eterminer l'ensemble E = {an : n N} des z´eros de B. Esquisser E. Montrer

  6. Universite Paris Diderot Analyse complexe Annee 2011-12 L3 mathematiques

    E-print Network

    Merel, Loïc - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    . En consid´erant 1/f, montrer que f admet des z´eros dans C. 1.b. Montrer qu'elle n'admet qu'un nombre - P a z´ero d'ordre n en z = 0. 4.b. En appliquant le th´eor`eme de Liouville, montrer que f est un´ecessairement holomorphe) f. Soient a C et R > 0 tels que ¯B(a, R) U. Supposons que f est sans z´ero sur C(a, R) et qu

  7. Universite Joseph Fourier UE MAT 127 Mathematiques annee 2012-2013

    E-print Network

    Piau, Didier

    Malthus Ce que nous verrons dans ce chapitre : la notion de mod`ele, l'´equation de Malthus : un mod´ethodes num´eriques pour simuler et tester le mod`ele de Malthus, l'´equation de Malthus intervient aussi'individus ou d'atomes (´equation de Malthus) - Faire l'´etude math´ematique (ou num´erique) de l'´equation : si

  8. Universite Joseph Fourier UE MAT 127 Mathematiques annee 2012-2013

    E-print Network

    Piau, Didier

    `es avoir connu une phase de croissance assez proche de celle d´ecrite par le mod`ele de Malthus, voit son) connait-elle une premi`ere phase de croissance assez proche de celle d´ecrite par le mod`ele de Malthus´erentielle provenant du mod`ele de Malthus (cf. le mod`ele 1.2.a du chapitre 1). Quelles sont les critiques qui n

  9. Troisi`eme annee au departement Telecommunications de l'INPG DEA Imagerie, Vision, Robotique

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Troisi`eme ann´ee au d´epartement T´el´ecommunications de l'INPG DEA Imagerie, Vision, Robotique stagiaires de DEA en d´eveloppant la biblioth`eque du Viewer, mais aussi `a Franc¸ois, David, et aux deux DEA Imagerie, Vision et Robotique en double cursus cette ann´ee. Merci d'avoir compris `a quel point

  10. Physics 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Physique 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both English and French versions, is the Physics 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

  11. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Annee universitaire 2008/2009 Licence de Mecanique

    E-print Network

    Hoepffner, Jérôme

    , on a J3 = +3 -3 f(x)dx = +3 -3 e-x2 dx = erf(3) La fonction erf (dite "fonction erreur") est repr´esent´ee sur la figure ci-apr`es. -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 erf(x) 1. Visualisation de la fonction `a sur l'intervalle [-3, +3] en tapant set xrange [-3:3] puis replot utiliser la commande print sqrt(pi)*erf

  12. d'ordre : 4257 ANNEE 2010 TH`ESE / UNIVERSITE DE RENNES 1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    repr´esentations parcimonieuses; Application `a la compression et l'indexation d'images Th`ese soutenue;To my wife, for her unconditional support and motivation. To my children, for being living motivation´e Jego´u for sharing, without reservation, his contagious enthusiasm and his knowledge of image

  13. d'ordre : 04 ISAL 010 Annee 2004 CARACTERISATION DE SOURCES AERODYNAMIQUES

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    .53 Sec 84.30 Fax 87.17 Chimie Inorganique 910643 Sciences et Stratégies Analytiques 910634 Sciences et-STRUCTURATION POUR LA METHODE SEA pr´esent´ee devant L'INSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQU´EES DE LYON pour Acoustique de l'INSA de Lyon tel-00780668,version1-24Jan2013 #12;2 tel-00780668,version1-24Jan2013 #12;INSA

  14. Seminaire BOURBAKI Mars 2012 64`eme annee, 2011-2012, no 1054

    E-print Network

    Wolf, Julia

    theorem from 2004, Green and Tao showed that there exist arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions). -- The primes contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. Moreover, the same is true of any subset an infinite arithmetic progression. Suppose that P(j) = a + jd for some a, d N takes prime values for j = 0

  15. Chemistry 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Chimie 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both French and English versions, is the Chemistry 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 44 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

  16. Universite de Rennes 1 Annee 20132014 PRSB (Probabilites et Statistiques, L1 Bio)

    E-print Network

    Wiest, Bertold

    entre 29 et 32. Exercice 2 Un fournisseur d'acc`es `a Internet met en place un point local d'acc`es, qui ? Quelle est son esp´erance, son ´ecart-type ? (b) On pose Y = X-1000 800 . Justifier qu'on peut approcher la loi de Y par la loi normale N(0, 1). (c) Le fournisseur d'acc`es souhaite savoir combien de

  17. UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2007 UFR SCIENCES N d'ordre: 837

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'UNE ESPECE INVASIVE: LE CAS DU VISON D'AMERIQUE (MUSTELA VISON SCHREBER, 1777) EN BRETAGNE THESE DE DOCTORAT ............................................................................................... 1 1.2. L'invasion du Vison d'Amérique en France................................................................. 20 2. DISTRIBUTION, VARIATIONS MORPHOLOGIQUES ET DEMOGRAPHIE DE LA POPULATION DE VISON D'AMERIQUE EN

  18. Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2 Annee 2007 Th`ese no

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ^ot chez les basques, pour quelques nou- velles s´eries de biopsies. Ps : `a quand le pique-nique ? `A'abord, pour les week-end et les nuits pass´ees devant la table `a inclusion et le microscope, pour les s

  19. Numero d' ordre : 173-2005 Annee 2005 Universite Claude Bernard -Lyon I

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ´etent que jovial et serviable. Je remercie Michel Tallon qui a toujours de bonnes id´ees et met souvent "le techniques, en particulier aux m´ecaniciens Jean-Pierre Dubois et Michel Chatagnat, Didier Boudon, `a l, mes "camarades de gal`ere" ainsi que Flore

  20. Projet de programmation orientee-objet I Annee academique 2013-2014

    E-print Network

    Wolper, Pierre

    une partie du clavier qui lui est r´eserv´ee. 2. Le jeu multiple classique : chaque joueur a sa zone coop´eration des joueurs pour effacer des lignes. Pour chacun des modes, il sera indispensable de g´erer les actions des touches du clavier de telle fa¸con qu'il soit possible de d´etecter plusieurs touches

  1. Simulation et enseignement des langues (Simulation and the Teaching of Languages)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertrand, Yves

    1974-01-01

    Traditional methods have hitherto neglected the situation in foreign language teaching. The situation - a means of tying closely together the use of language (expression) with the conditions for the use of this language (situation) - represents only a substitute, indeed, for the real situation, but does fill a significant place in language…

  2. Titre: PROBABILITES AVANCEES Title: ADVANCED PROBABILITY Enseignant(s): OLIVIER LEVEQUE Langue / language ENGLISH

    E-print Network

    Lévêque, Olivier

    de convergence - inégalités de concentration I. Probability - sigma-fileds, probability measures of large n numbers - central limit theorem, large deviations - random walks II. Martingales - conditional inequalities - convergence theorems - concentration inequalities Prérequis : Required prior knowledge : cours

  3. LABORATOIRE LETTRES IDEES ET SAVOIRS (LIS) Spcialit : Langues et Littratures trangres

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SICARIOS DE FERNANDO VALLEJO ET LE CAVALIER ET SON OMBRE DE BOUBACAR BORIS DIOP. Sous la direction de M JELLOUN, LA VIRGEN DE LOS SICARIOS DE FERNANDO VALLEJO ET LE CAVALIER ET SON OMBRE DE BOUBACAR BORIS DIOP

  4. Langue et Culture: Cliches et Racisme en France (Language and Culture: Cliches and Racism in France).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benouis, Mustapha K.

    Certain intellectual phenomena, e.g. racist attitudes, are based on fixed formulas of everyday speech. The linguistic roots of such evils must be discerned before they can be exorcised. Some cliches, e.g. racist ones, insinuate themselves into verbal behavior structures. French cliches reflect certain collective French attitudes: positive towards…

  5. La langue francaise, objet de politique linguistique (The French Language, Object of Linguistic Politics).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eloy, Jean-Michel

    1994-01-01

    Discussion of politics of the French language looks at the nature of linguistic politics, offers historical perspective on French linguistic politics, and argues that, in France, language is always linked to the State. Aspects of French linguistic politics concerning the language itself and its role in everyday life are examined. (MSE)

  6. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales cole doctorale N265

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    ............................................................................................................ 15 II. Axes de recherche'hui.................................. 29 PROLOGUE : L'ESPACE MACÉDONIEN AVANT 1880........................................... 33 AXE 1 : L.................................................................................................... 39 AXE 2 : 1820-1880 : LA DÉCOUVERTE PROGRESSIVE DE LA DIVERSITÉ MACÉDONIENNE

  7. MASTERS dEgREE pRogRAMME AfricAn LAnguAge

    E-print Network

    Ullmann, G. Matthias

    successfully obtained a university degree at a German university or an institution overseas. The programme competencies in academic working routines, in the adequate understanding of up-to- date research issues of opportunities for students to acquire basic competence in a new African language and / or develop a more refined

  8. Master Etudes Interculturelles Franco-Italiennes Double diplme binational Domaine Lettres, Langues et Arts

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    et Arts Mention Etudes Interculturelles Internationales 120 ECTS Dès la rentrée 2012, le Master EIFI à Clermont-Ferrand (Etudes Interculturelles Franco-Italiennes) et la Laurea Magistrale in Lingue'un diplôme professionnalisant pour les étudiants d'italien en France et de français en Italie en quête d

  9. Le Schwyzertutsch 5e langue nationale? (Is Swiss German a Fifth National Language?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redard, Francoise, Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    These papers on the subject of the Swiss German language examine the status and attitudes of the Swiss German speaker, the reaction of other linguistic communities to Swiss German, and the necessity and/or possibility of learning Swiss German. The following articles are included: (1) "Le 'Schwyzertutsch': ecran ou lien? (Is Swiss German a Screen…

  10. paratre dans Peyraube, A., et D. Kouloughli, eds, Encyclopdie des Sciences du Langage. Dictionnaire des Langues.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , labial, dental et vélaire, chacun avec trois séries, aspirée, non aspirée, et nasale; et deux points d'articulation fricatifs, dental sifflant, et rétroflexe à battement vibrant, qui ne comportent pas de nasales. Deux initiaux sont restreints aux occlusives labiales et vélaires et à la nasale labiale qui peuvent être

  11. Laboratorire de langues: Problemes et orientations (Language Laboratory: Problems and Orientations)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Racle, Gabriel L.

    1976-01-01

    Language laboratory use has traditionally been limited to structural and phonetic exercises. This article discusses ways to tap more effectively the laboratory's potential, and thus to provide superior language instruction for the student. (Text is in French.) (DB)

  12. Comenius et la didactique des langues modernes (Comenius and Modern Language Teaching).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caravolas, Jean

    1984-01-01

    Examination of the language teaching principles of Jan Amos Comenius (1592-1670), the father of modern language teaching, as an autonomous discipline, reveals strikingly modern answers to some fundamental questions: What is language?; How are languages learned?; Who should learn them and why?; and What should be taught, and how? (MSE)

  13. Bulletin bibliographique sur la didactique des langues (Bibliographic Bulletin on Language Teaching). Publication J-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laforge, Lorne, Ed.

    This bibliography of information sources on a variety of topics related to second language instruction represents a portion of the BIBELO database. The bibliography contains 480 citations of journal articles, monographs, collected works, research reports, and essays that have appeared recently on the subjects of language and culture contact,…

  14. Concepts linguistiques en didactique des langues (Linguistic Concepts in the Teaching of Languages).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Gerardo; Perron, Denise

    Basic linguistic concepts are presented and their links with second language learning and teaching are examined. The book is intended as a guide for teachers and others interested in second language instruction. Chapters address the following concepts: the relationship of language and linguistics, including basic terminology of discussion about…

  15. Innovation et variation en didactique des langues etrangeres (Innovation and Variation in Foreign Language Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puren, Christian

    1991-01-01

    A model of foreign language education is presented that takes into account the complexity of instruction itself and the dimensions added by interaction of teacher, learner, institution, materials, and environment. Uncertainty is seen as a by-product of complexity, and innovation and variation in instructional practice are ways of dealing with…

  16. Didactique des langues et emploi de revues (Second Language Teaching and the Use of Magazines)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergans-Libioul, M.-Cl.

    1976-01-01

    This article discusses the use of magazines and newspapers as reading materials for second language teaching at the intermediate level, specifically in the teaching of Dutch to native French speakers. (Text is in French.) (CDSH/CLK)

  17. "Traduction" et didactique des langues ("Translation" and Language-Teaching Methodology)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besse, Henri

    1975-01-01

    Attempts, through clarification of the term "translation," to define and put in place, from a methodological point of view, the latent tendency to reach back to the native language system, and its effect on the learning of the target language. (Text is in French.) (IFS/WGA)

  18. Concepts linguistiques en didactique des langues (Linguistic Concepts in Language Teaching). Publication L-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Gerardo

    Intended for second language teachers and teacher trainees, the guide to linguistic concepts used in second language instruction outlines the applications of basic linguistic concepts to classroom practice and some classroom activities. Chapters address the following topics: (1) the relationship of language and linguistics; (2) human…

  19. L'enseignement des langues et la realite canadienne (Language Teaching and the Canadian Context).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savard, Jean-Guy, Ed.

    These proceedings are the result of a recommendation of the Royal Commission on bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada that in second language education in Canada the emphasis should be on the Canadian milieu, not on the foreign language aspect of French and English. The following papers are presented here: (1) "Realite culturelle au Canada…

  20. "Telematique et Didactique des Langues (Telematics and Language Learning and Teaching).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganderton, Roger

    1997-01-01

    Discusses how e-mail correspondence should be supported and integrated into the overall second language learning program. Reviews a telematics international e-mail exchange project, focusing on the documentation of integration of the project into the overall language program. Findings reveal that the strength of this work is in showing how its…

  1. UNIVERSIT MONTPELLIER III PAUL VALRY Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MICHALAKIS Institut de recherche pour le développement Examinateurs : M. Prof. Michel MARJOLET Université de, Yannis Michalakis, Michel Marjolet, Didier Fontenille et Gérard Metge. Frank pour avoir accepté de juger

  2. Universit Paul Valry, Montpellier III Facult des Arts, Lettres et Langues

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    caractéristiques. Avec son travail sur le «Bloc-notes magique », il énonce les modalités de la gravure psychique à la gravure de la trace mnésique (Freud). Ce stade se déroule selon le mode binaire : ça pour Freud du symbolique ; fin du monde ; fonction analytique ; gravure psychique ; la symbolique ; le

  3. UNIVERSIT DE TOULOUSE II -LE MIRAIL UFR DE LANGUES, LITTRATURES ET CIVILISATIONS TRANGRES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    castillan. Il faut avouer que le livre n'est pas d'une très belle facture. La gravure du frontispice, qui époque : on ne saura rien de ce Lucas Fernández dont le nom apparaît sous la gravure, on ne connaîtra ni même adverbe toscamente est employé par Cañete pour décrire la seule autre gravure que contient le

  4. tude d'un corpus de requtes en langue naturelle pour des agents assistants

    E-print Network

    Sansonnet, Jean-Paul

    (ACA), spécialement dédiés à la fonction d'assistance, pour des pe- tits composants logiciels sujets humains. Par exemple, dans le cadre du site du GT ACA (http://www.limsi.fr/aca/) nous avons section 2.1. 1.2. Contribution de l'étude aux ACA Se pose alors la question de la contribution de telles

  5. UNIVERSITE PAUL VALERY MONTPELLIER III Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    des Capacités Humaines et des Conduites de Santé Laboratory Dynamics of Human Abilities & Health Behaviors 4, boulevard Henri IV, 34000 Montpellier tel-00758984,version1-29Nov2012 #12;3 TITLE: This exploratory work is a study for teachers for 5-year-old children in a reception class, about an elaboration

  6. UFR LETTRES, LANGUES, SCIENCES HUMAINES, SPORT HISTOIRE DE L'ART

    E-print Network

    Dambrine, Marc

    (XVe -XVIIIe siècle) et contemporaine (XIXe -XXIe siècle), en peinture, sculpture, architecture, écrits sur l'art, patrimoine) et optionnels (art ibérique de l'Antiquité à l'époque contemporaine patrimoines et politiques culturelles territoriales » Après deux années de master, la poursuite des études se

  7. cole Doctorale Montaigne Humanits (ED 480) THSE DE DOCTORAT EN Histoire, langues et littrature

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    directeurs successifs de l'Institut national du Patrimoine et de l'Agence Nationale du Patrimoine de Tunisie ainsi que de l'Ecole d'Architecture et d'Urbanisme de Tunis. Nous remercions M. Fathi BEJAOUI, alors Directeur de l'Institut National du Patrimoine, de nous avoir autorisé à relever et étudier le théâtre de

  8. Approches segmentales multilingues pour l'identification automatique de la langue : phones et syllabes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fabien Antoine; Dong Zhu; Philippe Boula de Mareüil; Martine Adda-Decker

    This study focuses on unit modelling within the frame- work of the phonotactic approach to automatic language identification. The unit set is extended from a multilingual phone set to a multilingual syllable inventory. Various mo- tivations and questions have originated this work : in par- ticular, do syllabotactic constraints provide more useful information for language identification than phonotactic knowledge ?

  9. TALN Archives : une archive numrique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement Automatique de la Langue

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TALN Archives : une archive numérique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement'est disponible. Cet article présente la construction de TALN Archives, une archive numérique francophone des des méta-données que nous avons extraites et dévoilons l'identité du Kevin Bacon de TALN Archives, i

  10. TALN Archives : une archive numrique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement Automatique de la Langue

    E-print Network

    TALN Archives : une archive numérique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement'est disponible. Cet article présente la construction de TALN Archives, une archive numérique francophone des des méta-données que nous avons extraites et dévoilons l'identité du Kevin Bacon de TALN Archives, i

  11. Les "langues immigrees" face a l'ecole francaise (Immigrant Languages and the French School System).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varro, Gabrielle

    1992-01-01

    Attempts to analyze a situation that concerns a large fraction of the school population in France in four parts: the status of foreigners and their languages in France and the social representations surrounding them; government policy concerning foreign pupils and languages in public schools since 1970; volunteer association and mother tongue…

  12. http://dep-sociologie.univ-pau.fr UFR LETTRES, LANGUES, SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SPORT

    E-print Network

    Dambrine, Marc

    , les ouvre à certains de ses champs spécialisés et les forme à ses applications pratiques. Elle les bonne connaissance de la discipline (son histoire, ses objets, ses méthodes et ses apports) et de certains de ses champs spécialisés (sociologie de l'aménagement, des loisirs et du tourisme, sociologie du

  13. UNIVERSIT JEAN MONNET SAINT-TIENNE Facult Arts, Lettres et Langues

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Soutenue le 19 novembre 2012 JURY M. Bruno BLANCKEMAN Mme Martine BOYER-WEINMANN Mme Anne ROCHE M encore, et parce que nous marchons côte à côte sur ce chemin. tel-00940135,version1-31Jan2014 #12;6 tel

  14. Les langues sur le gril argentin (Languages on the Argentine Grill).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cagnolait, Beatriz

    1994-01-01

    A survey of secondary students, French language teachers, managers, and university students in Buenos Aires (Argentina) gives insight into the role of French there and reasons for studying it. Students in general appreciated the language for its aesthetic aspects, managers and teachers for its contribution to culture in general. (MSE)

  15. Boîte à outils TAL pour des langues peu informatisées : le cas du somali

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdillahi Nimaan; Pascal Nocera; Juan-Manuel Torres-Moreno

    2006-01-01

    The use of corpora is a critical phase of systems of natural language processing based on statistical methods. This point is crucial for less equipped and less computerized languages like African languages. This paper aims to present different tools for Somali language and different scenarios to build corpora for this language : A gathered corpora from the web, Syntex, a

  16. [TALAF-O.3] Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014

    E-print Network

    provides a brief overview of Daba software package created in the course of building corpora for Manding languages. Key software features are motivated by the tasks and problems characteristic of many African inspired by the interlinear glossed form of presentation of linguistic examples. A scheme mapping Daba

  17. [TALAF-O.2] Projet des corpus crits des langues manding : le bambara, le maninka1

    E-print Network

    of electronic corpora for Manding languages was launched in St. Petersburg in 2009. By now, it is carried out'ko writing) in February 2014. An orthography corrector for Bamana and a software for the Bamana OCR has been in the Bamana teaching in universities and in linguistic studies has proved its effectiveness. The experience

  18. UNIVERSIT FRIEDRICH SCHILLER D'INA D 07737 Jena

    E-print Network

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Études des Comportements Mathématiques et Informatique Physique et Astronomie Chimie et Géosciences mineure combinées) Matière principale (120 credits): Allemand langue étrangère et allemand en deuxième - sociologie - STAPS Matière mineure (60 credits): Allemand langue étrangère et allemand en seconde langue

  19. Recherche empirique sur l'effet de la musique dans l'enseignement suggestopedique du francais (Empirical Research on the Effect of Music in Suggestopedic French Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiffler, Ludger

    1986-01-01

    A study of the effectiveness of music techniques in French second-language instruction using the suggestopedic approach is reported. The study attempts to control for variations commonly found in experimental conditions. (MSE)

  20. Quelques observations sur le systeme de la negation en francais parle (Some Observations on the System of Negation in Spoken French)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrera-Vidal, Albert

    1975-01-01

    Surveys the various forms and applications of the French negatives. Discusses the tendency to omit "ne" in spoken French, which depends on form (conversation vs. narration), external circumstances (public vs. private), socio-cultural level (upper class vs. lower class), and attitude of speaker (spontaneity vs. affectation). (Text is in French.)…

  1. E-COSM Rencontres Scientifiques de l'IFP 2-4 Octobre 2006, Proceedings, pp. 111-119 Copyright c 2006, Institut Francais du Petrole

    E-print Network

    . As studied in [3,4], the airpath system of a turbocharged Diesel engine features coupled dynamics. The EGR acts as a discharge valve for the turbocharger. Most studies consider the following control setup: both Turbocharger (VGT) using gain scheduling PI controllers as in [5,6,7]. The PI gains are tuned with respect

  2. Les examens de francais dans le second cycle en Grande-Bretagne (French Examinations in the Second Cycle in Great Britain)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nott, David

    1978-01-01

    A description of the status of foreign language instruction and testing in the context of the changing state of education. The content of Second Cycle French programs, a critique of French examinations and some samples of tests which point to change are discussed. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  3. L'emploi des verbes francais par des travailleurs immigres arabophones et portugais (The Use of French Verbs by Arabic-Speaking and Portuguese Immigrant Workers)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morsly, Dalila; Vasseur, Marie-Therese

    1976-01-01

    Analyzes the actual knowledge of French of Arabic-speaking and Portuguese immigrants with particular emphasis on their use of French verbs. The aim is to better prepare a methodology for the teaching of standard French to these workers. (Text is in French.) (TL)

  4. 20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Commande basee vision d'ecoulements fluides

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ´ee vision d'´ecoulements fluides R. Tatsambon Fomena, C. Collewet Cemagref, 17 avenue de Cucill´e, 35 044 of a fluid flow. This approach does not require the use of an observer to estimate the flow state. Indeed, dense flow velocity maps can be obtained via mature optical flow techniques dedicated to flow

  5. Connaissance et Usage d'Anglicismes par des Francais de Paris (Knowledge and Usage of Anglicisms by French People in Paris)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cartier, Alice

    1977-01-01

    A synthesis of a research project treating the relationship between the comprehension of English words, the ability to use them and their actual usage by members of various social groups in Paris. Topics covered are: methodology, classification of words, reactions of informants and interpretation of data. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  6. Synthese et methodologie des moyens de correction phonetique du "R" francais enseigne aux anglophones (Methods of Correcting the Pronunciation of the French "R" for English Speakers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lebel, Jean-Guy

    The present work begins with a phonetic description of the acceptable French /R/ and descriptions of several allophones of English /R/ which must be avoided while learning the French. Various theories are discussed concerning the relationship between the position of the /R/ in an utterance and the difficulty students have in pronouncing it…

  7. 21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Strain field measurements in polycrystalline tantalum

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    behaviour (a) (b) Fig. 1 ­ Tensile test at room temperature for three strain rates = 10-4 s-1, = 10-3 s-1 and 10-2 s-1. (a) Complete tensile test, (b) zoom on the first ten percent. The macroscopic stress

  8. 17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Analyse multi-echelle de l'etat des contraintes dans une pente granulaire

    E-print Network

    Staron, Lydie

    '´etat interne des milieux granulaires `a l'approche de la limite de stabilit´e reste `a explorer. Afin d un m´ecanisme de transition de phase. La modification de l'´etat interne des empilements observ inter- agissent au contact par une loi de non-interp´en´etrabilit´e et une loi de frottement de Coulomb

  9. Numero d'ordre :88-2010 Annee 2010 TH`ESE DE L'UNIVERSITE DE LYON

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    dose d´elivr´ee au patient. Les codes Monte Carlo repr´esentent des outils indispensables dans la`ele appel´e RADIS"RAdiochromic films Dosimetry for Ions using Simulations" qui permet de pr´edire la r%. Mots cl´es : Hadronth´erapie, Simulations Monte Carlo, Gate/Geant4, Dosim´etrie, Films radiochromiques

  10. Analyse complexe Annee 2000-01 Esquisse de corrige de l'EXAMEN du 6 juin 2001

    E-print Network

    Merel, Loïc - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    '´equation fonctionnelle, ( )(s) = ¯wea+2b (1 - s/)e-1/ (1 - (1 - s)/). En raison de l'´equation fonctionnelle, les z´eros. On a SupsB(0,r)|| log log (s) (s)|| SupsB(0,r)|| log log (s) + log 2||, d'o`u le r´esultat. 2. Comme est d^ome de degr´e b. On a donc, en utilisant l

  11. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and four written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring…

  12. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions are provided. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  13. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Juin 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions are provided. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  14. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Juin 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and 4 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  15. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Juin 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a twelfth-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and four written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  16. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1987 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a twelfth-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during January, 1987, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are…

  17. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  18. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a twelfth-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  19. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two and one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  20. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  1. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  2. Dlivr par UNIVERSIT PAUL-VALRY MONTPELLIER III Prpare au sein de l'cole doctorale LANGUES,

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    understand the role and importance of medicinal plants, also known as "the simple ones", in the late antiquity. Key words: Medicine - Pharmacopoeia ­ Plants ­ Simples ­ Late Antiquity ­ Herbarius - Pseudo recettes médicales associées à diverses plantes médicinales. Cet ouvrage a connu un grand succès au Moyen

  3. Pistes de rflexion pour la thmatique en langues anciennes au programme de la session 2013 Le pouvoir : diriger, commander, gouverner

    E-print Network

    politiques ; le philosophe-roi - regards sur le pouvoir : analyse et critique Hérodote, Thucydide, Platon ; hégémonie et impérialisme : justifications et critiques Hérodote, Thucydide, Polybe Cicéron, Tite-Curce, Tacite - stasis et guerre civile Thucydide Cicéron, César, Salluste etc. - se choisir un autre maître

  4. Documents Non Didactiques et Formation en Langues (Non-Didactic Documents and Language Training). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duda, R.; And Others

    In second language learning, it is often the case that a discrepancy exists between the language of the pedagogical materials and that of the media or of the native speaker. This article discusses the advantages and problems involved in using authentic, non-didactic materials in post-introductory second language instruction, as found in an…

  5. Un siecle de colloques sur la didactique des langues (A Century of Meetings on the Teaching of Languages).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackey, William F.

    This is a preliminary version of a listing of meetings on the teaching of languages. It includes meetings known by the terms congress, conference, and symposium, with special emphasis on international meetings. The work is divided into five chapters: (1) the origin and development of conferences on the teaching of languages; (2) a chronological…

  6. Pour une didactique de l'italien et des langues etrangeres. (Toward a Didactic of Italian and of Foreign Languages.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lugarini, Edoardo

    1983-01-01

    Two principles necessary for integrating the native language and second language approaches to language instruction are discussed: (1) that such an integration must be viewed as a meeting, not of subject areas but of professional competencies and (2) that languages must be considered not as separate systems but as a continuum. (MSE)

  7. Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Stagiare. Langue: Malagasy Ofisialy (Peace Corps Madagascar Volunteer Manual. Language: Official Malagasy).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

    This manual for Malagasy is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel working in Madagascar. It is written primarily in English and Malagasy, with introductory sections in French. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on needed materials,…

  8. Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Formateur. Langue: Sakalava (Peace Corps Madagascar Teacher's Manual. Language: Sakalava).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

    This teacher's manual for Sakalava, a dialect of Malagasy, is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel in Madagascar. It is written primarily in French and Sakalava, with some titles in English. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on…

  9. Universit La Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3 Ecole Doctorale 268 : Langage et Langues Thse de Doctorat en Sciences du Langage

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mme Anne BARDOT Ingénieur docteur (PSA Peugeot Citroën) Responsable industrielle Mme Danièle DUBOIS judicieux. Je remercie également Anne Bardot pour m'avoir accueillie au sein de PEFH, avoir pris le relais

  10. SPCIFICITS DE L'ACQUISITION DES CONSONNES EN FRANAIS ET EN DREHU : INFLUENCE DE LA LANGUE AMBIANTE

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -word repetition experiments with French and Drehu-acquiring two-year- old to five-year-old children. Results show children. Both groups of monolingual and bilingual children have similar scores but they show different premières productions des enfants. Il a même été montré que l'intonation du cri des nouveau-nés est déjà

  11. Ultra Wide Band ULTRA WIDE BAND

    E-print Network

    Dobigeon, Nicolas

    Ultra Wide Band ULTRA WIDE BAND Martial COULON ENSEEIHT - 3 ann´ee T´el´ecom-R´eseaux - option Mobilit´e ann´ee 2007-2008 1/ 108 #12;Ultra Wide Band Plan du cours Introduction D´efinition Historique et;Ultra Wide Band Plan du cours Introduction D´efinition Historique et R´eglementations Applications Sp

  12. Quels besoins de modelisation pour les previsions `a venir?

    E-print Network

    Menut, Laurent

    panache de gaz et a´erosols 4 / 9 #12;Le transport `a longue distance de panaches denses Le bilan local de Ann´ees 1990: Sch´emas r´eactionnels simples avec coefficients de partage entre gaz et particules, Focus sur les SOA biog´eniques D´ebut des ann´ees 2000: Sch´emas plus complexes avec premi

  13. Le 24 juin 2014. cvfr Curriculum Vitae

    E-print Network

    Kiselman, Christer

    `es bien), fran¸cais (assez bien), allemand (un peu) P`ere : Samuel Oscar Sam Svensson (1896­1966). M, Stockholm le 11 mai 1957 Filosofie kandidatexamen en math´ematiques, philosophie th´eorique et astronomie

  14. The use of urea as a marker of body water in the nursing foal C. GEERKEN M. DOREAU Sylviane BOULOT

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Kock, 1973 ; Bartle et al., 1987) and cows (Bartle, Males and Preston, 1983). From these studies and methods. Ten saddle-breed foals (Anglo-Arab, Selle francais), aged 8 to 9 weeks and weighing between 104

  15. 15. The sample in the transition aligns on the straight line that is defined by the cluster of samples above

    E-print Network

    Priscu, John C.

    Expeditions (RAE), the Institut Franc¸ais de Recherches et Technologies Po- laires (IFRTP), and the Division 1999; accepted 27 October 1999 Geomicrobiology of Subglacial Ice Above Lake Vostok, Antarctica John C

  16. REG-175-AD (09-09) admission et inscription

    E-print Network

    Laval, Université

    langue maternelle Français Anglais Autre langue d'usage Français Anglais Autre Sexe Masculin FémininServé À l'adminiStration programme majeure cours EVC-SV Stage de recherche (STRE) xxx-988 citoyenneté

  17. Le "Futur Anterieur" comme temps du passe: Remarques sur un emploi particulier frequent du "futur anterieur" en francais. (The "Futur Anterieur" as Past Tense: Remarks on a Particular Frequent Use of the "Futur Anterieur" in French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinmeyer, Georg

    1987-01-01

    Explains how the "futur anterieur" is often used to indicate past time in French grammar. Using authentic evidence from a news magazine, some hypotheses on the conditions of use of the "futur anterieur" are suggested. Criteria for distinguishing past tense functions from modal functions are also presented. (TR)

  18. De L'Economie des moyens linguistiques en francais et en anglais dans l'usage standard contemporain (On the Economy of Linguistic Means in French and English Standard Contemporary Usage).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calve, Pierre

    1989-01-01

    The conciseness and "ease of use" often attributed to North American English relative to French in standard contemporary usage is explained in terms of English morpho-syntactic structure and of the values of the classical norm and rhetoric affecting French. (Author/MSE)

  19. L'Imparfait, le passe simple, et le passe compose francais et leur traduction en neerlandais (The French Imperfect, Past Definite, and Past Indefinite, and their Translation into Dutch)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponette, Jean

    1977-01-01

    There are two tenses in Dutch to translate three French past tenses: the "imperfectum" and the "perfectum." When a one-for-one correspondence is impossible, the translator relies on other means, such as auxiliaries, to achieve desired clarity and nuances. Examples of translations and verb correspondences are given. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  20. Les gangsters, les truands et les autres: le roman noir francais de l'apres-guerre (Gangsters, Hoodlums and Others: The French Crime Novel of the Post-War Period).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schweighaeuser, Jean-Paul

    1984-01-01

    The development and characteristics of a form of detective novel appearing after the war--gangster stories--are discussed. It is proposed that the emphasis on criminality gives an insight into contemporary life and thinking. (MSE)

  1. 19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Interaction vorticite/deformation des monop^oles et des dip^oles

    E-print Network

    Delbende, Ivan

    ´e uniforme p est localis´ee sous forme d'une tache de vorticit´e (dite "patch") elliptique, de petit axe OY et de grand axe OZ, inclin´es d'un angle par rapport aux axes Oy et Oz, de demi-petit axe rY et de demi-grand axe rZ (voir figure 1). En effet, ces grandeurs v´erifient les ´equations dynamiques [2, 3

  2. La variation synchronique et diachronique de la syntaxe de la negation du francais chez des adultes en milieu guide (Synchronic and Diachronic Variation in the Syntax of French Negation in Adults in a Guided Environment).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Royer, Corinne

    2001-01-01

    This study hypothesizes that negation and finiteness are linked in the development of foreign language acquisition in comparable ways to their development in first language acquisition. By contrasting synchronic intrapersonal variability data with change occurring in the diachronic data about negation, this article shows how adult learners of…

  3. Avez-vous vu la meme chose que les Francais? Stereotypes et documents authentiques video. (Did You See the Same Thing as the French? Stereotypes and Authentic Video Documents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilczynska, Weronika

    1990-01-01

    This discussion treats cultural stereotypes as a significant issue in second-language instruction, and examines the role of video documents from the mass media in helping students perceive and understand such stereotypes. (MSE)

  4. Une epreuve orale de francais en fin d'etudes de gestion. Construction et implications pedagogiques (An Oral French Exam at the End of a Marketing Program. Construction and Pedagogical Implications).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawshaw, Robert H.

    1984-01-01

    An oral language test administered at the end of a four-year program combining business administration and French is described. The test consists of the formal presentation of a report including numbers, graphics, and text, a discussion of a theoretical issue, and interview. (MSE)

  5. "L'Allemand, c'est pas du francais!": Enjeux et paradoxes de l'apprentissage de l'allemand ("German Isn't Like French!": Stakes and Paradoxes in the Teaching of German).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Nathalie, Ed.

    Based on the concept that language learning uses not only cognitive competencies but also attitudes about the language to be learned, self-concept, and group identity, the book examines psychosocial issues in the teaching of German to native French speakers in Switzerland. The first part discusses the psychosocial approach to second language…

  6. Le cas de l'effacement facultatif du schwa en francais: Quelques implications theoriques (The Case of Optional Dropping of the Schwa in French: Some Theoretical Implications); Montreal Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tranel, Bernard

    This paper attempts to show that traditional generative phonology as formulated by Chomsky and Halle (1968) fails to account for the optional dropping of the schwa in French, and attempts to formulate a theory which can account for this phenomenon. The crucial factor governing the schwa-dropping process is the number of consonants preceding the…

  7. L'emploi des connecteurs francais dans l'expression d'etudiants chinois: Observation et analyse (The Use of French Connectors in the Expression of Chinese Students: Observation and Analysis).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Xue Bin

    A study investigated patterns of usage of French connectors (e.g., "alors,""mais,""puisque") among Chinese university students of French as a foreign language. The study arose from concern that the lack of connector usage contributed to a lack of coherence in the students' oral and written language. Subjects were 45 second- and third-year…

  8. Le francais parle: analyse des attitudes des adolescents de la ville de Quebec selon les classes sociales (Spoken French: An Analysis of the Attitudes of Adolescents in Quebec City according to Social Class).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noel, Daniele

    This is a report on a study of the attitudes of French-speaking young people, aged 10 to 17 years, toward French as it is spoken in two sectors of Quebec City. One sector, Sainte-Foy, is mainly upper middle class; the other, Saint-Sauveur, is economically and socially disadvantaged. The research was carried out on the basis of work in French and…

  9. 19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Calcul de la permeabilite `a l'echelle du VER d'un milieu

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Transfer Molding) est un proc´ed´e d'injection d'une r´esine thermodurcissable dans un renfort fibreux (mat´e, perm´eabilit´e, Darcy, VER, Elements finis multidomaines 1 Introduction Le proc´ed´e RTM (Resin par la r´esine. La simulation num´erique est beaucoup utilis´ee pour optimiser ce proc´ed´e de

  10. Le langage des "gendarmes" et des "voleurs": etude comparative du vocabulaire de la pegre et de la police en francais et en anglais ("Cops" and "Robbers" Language: A Comparative Study of the Underworld and Police Vocabulary of French and English).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunet, Jean-Paul

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the meaning and origins of the word "argot," its cryptic character, and its function in a closed social group, focusing on a comparative description of the French and Anglo-American vocabulary of the underworld and the police. Comments on shared traits and provides an insight into the differences. (MES)

  11. Les critures mayas du Nombre Andr Cauty et Jean-Michel Hoppan

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Les Écritures mayas du Nombre André Cauty et Jean-Michel Hoppan PREMIERES THESES : INTERPRETANT scribes mayas de l'époque classique, sont les gram- maires et les numérations parlées des langues mayas. Premières observations 1.- Les langues mayas sont des langues à classifica- teurs, et donc à faible

  12. Evaluating probability sampling strategies for estimating redd counts: an example with Chinook

    E-print Network

    tendances annuelles d'abondance. En utilisant une se´rie chronologique de 9 anne´es d'inventaires ge. Using a 9-year time series of georeferenced censuses of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) redds

  13. Universite Paris-Nord Institut Galilee

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    soutien et leur accueil pendant ces trois ann´ees. Mise en page : LATEX2, sch´emas : XFig 3.2, retouches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Bilan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.3.4 Influence de l

  14. Le Rendement en Lecture dans les Ecoles Franco-Ontariennes (Sixieme, Septieme, et Huitieme Annees) (Reading in Franco-Ontarian Schools [Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Grades]).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brassard, Jean; Langevin, Claude

    A research project was carried out to investigate the reading situation in the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades of French-language schools in Ontario. Specifically, the project sought to determine the nature of reading deficiencies found in these schools, the percentage of the student body affected by these deficiencies, and the psychological,…

  15. Evaluation d'une approche pedagogique respectant les facons d'apprendre des filles en sciences et en TIC en 9e annee au Nouveau-Brunswick

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicole T. Lirette-Pitre

    2009-01-01

    La reussite scolaire des filles les amene de plus en plus a poursuivre une formation postsecondaire et a exercer des professions qui demandent un haut niveau de connaissances et d'expertise scientifique. Toutefois, les filles demeurent toujours tres peu nombreuses a envisager une carriere en sciences (chimie et physique), en ingenierie ou en TIC (technologie d'information et de la communication), soit

  16. Etude du comportement sous charges laterales des ossatures de beton arme avec murs de remplissage de maconnerie, construites avant les annees 1960

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lefebvre, Karine

    Reinforced concrete structures with unreinforced masonry infills (BMR) are considered vulnerable to earthquakes. Under seismic actions, infills could fail (causing injuries or death) and cause damages to columns. In Quebec and Canada, most of BMR structures have been constructed prior to the introduction of modern seismic design codes raising question on the contribution of the infill to the structure lateral resistance. The aim of this thesis is to improve modelling technique of BMR structures built in Quebec between 1915 and 1960. This type of structures is found in hospitals or schools buildings, which must comply with some post-earthquake functionality requirements. They could also be residential or office buildings. Actually, practicing engineers usually calculate seismic capacity of BMR structures without considering the infill's structural contribution to the lateral resistance. Yet, this contribution should not be omitted. The first part of the thesis investigates the construction techniques and material properties of the old BMR structures in the Province. The results are the material properties (concrete, reinforcing steel, brick, terra cotta tile, and mortar) and the characteristics of the assemblies (wall section, reinforcement details…). The second part of the thesis presents the results of series of parametric analyses to identify among modelling and geometric parameters, which ones are the most influent on the lateral load response (rigidity, fundamental period, normal modes). Linear and modal analyses were performed. The most influent parameters identified are: number of storeys, number of bays, bay's width, soft storey, openings, upper storeys modelized (instead of being replaced by punctual loads) and the modelization technique of infills panels (strut or shell). Nonlinear static analyses have been performed to identify the most influent parameters to be considered for evaluating the lateral resistance, the capacity (load / displacement) and the yielding sequence (beam versus columns versus infills). The identified parameters are the presence of the infills, the openings and the geometric characteristics of the models (number of storeys and number of bays). One important contribution of this work is the development of an equivalent strut model to represent the action of the infill. The model could be easily implemented in standard analysis software. A central axial hinge reproducing the nonlinear behaviour of the masonry is added to the strut element. This model is a hybridization of existing proposals (FEMA and others) with added innovations by the author. It has been validated with experimental and numerical analyses results from literature. An important conclusion of this thesis is that the contribution of infills to lateral load resisting capacities of BMR structures should be considered for structure of more than one storey. Infills can add up to 51 % to bare frame capacity. The National building code requires that the lateral resistance of existing buildings must be at least 60 % of the equivalent static seismic force (V2005). It is concluded that one storey BMR buildings have a sufficient resistance, while three-storeys structures exhibit plastic deformations for loads under 0,6* V2005.

  17. La modelisation mathematique dans l'enseignement de la chimie des gaz a des eleves de la cinquieme annee du secondaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gauthier, Diane

    Les problemes d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz parfaits sont donc importants. Si plusieurs etudes ont ete realisees dans le but d'identifier et d'interpreter ces problemes, aucune recherche, a notre connaissance, n'a ete realisee sur l'enseignement des lois sur les gaz parfaits. Notre recherche sur l'enseignement est donc pionniere. Elle a pour objectif general de construire et d'analyser une sequence d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz comportant diverses situations de modelisation mathematique des conduites des gaz. Les principaux objectifs specifiques sont les suivants: (1) identifier et caracteriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des conceptions naives des eleves, evolution vers des connaissances plus adequate sur les gaz; (2) identifier et caractEriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des connaissances mathematiques des eleves leur permettant d'interpreter convenablement les resultats des experiences, d'eprouver leurs conceptions, de donner un sens aux notions et aux relations impliquees dans les lois des gaz parfaits, lois de Boyle-Mariotte et Gay-Lussac. Une sequence d'enseignement comportant huit situations est d'eleves de secondaire V. La construction de ces situations est orientee par les recherches sur les conceptions naives des eleves, par les etudes sur l'evolution historique des conceptions sur les gaz et des pratiques scientifiques, ainsi que par les etudes theoriques et empiriques realisees en didactique des sciences et des mathematiques. La methodologie de l'ingenierie didactique (Artigue, 1998) qui constitue une application de la theorie des situations didactiques (Brousseau, 1986) est utilisee dans la construction et l'analyse des situations d'enseignement. Une analyse a priori de chacune des situations d'enseignement est effectuee; elle a pour but dexpliquer les choix des taches qui font partie des situations et de preciser la gestion didactique des situations. Diverses situations d'enseignement de la chimie ont ainsi ete construites. L'analyse a posteriori des situations, analyse des interactions didactiques lors du deroulement en classe de ces situations, est confrontee a l'analyse a priori realisee lors de la construction de ces situations. La pertinence de ces situations est ainsi examinee, en regard des objectifs de la recherche. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  18. Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis Vendredi 8 octobre 2004 E.S.I.N.S.A. 1iere Annee Dure: 2h

    E-print Network

    Schmitz, Sylvain

    '´ecole s'appelle esinsa. Entre autres r^oles, il g`ere les connexions r´eseaux et conserve l imprimante laser serveur linux djinn mauriac koalaesinsa serveurs Solaris 2 Les touches du clavier Un clavier celui des touches shift (portant en g´en´eral le dessin '' ou ''), qui permettent d'obtenir les

  19. Parler de la pluie et du beau temps en classe de langue (Talking About Rain and Good Weather in Language Class).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viallon, Virginie; Jamet, Claude

    1996-01-01

    Use of television weather broadcasts is recommended for instruction in both French language and culture. Class activities can focus on geography, comprehension of meteorological terminology, or predicting the weather in different areas based on current charts. Some exercises are suggested. (MSE)

  20. Huyghe Richard. 2011. Evnements et objets dans l'espace et dans le temps : de l'ontologie la langue. Cahiers de Lexicologie 99, 97-115.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Huyghe Richard. 2011. Evénements et objets dans l'espace et dans le temps : de l'ontologie à la distinguent également des Nobj par la description d'entités dynamiques, dont l'existence dépend du temps. Les objets, tels qu'ils sont décrits par leurs noms, ne sont pas directement localisés dans le temps et

  1. Enseignement de la langue francaise au Maroc et dialogue des cultures (Teaching of the French Language in Morocco and Dialogue of Cultures).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lahjomri, Abdeljalil

    1984-01-01

    In the process of Arabization of Morocco, it is necessary to maintain French language instruciton, but as a necessary foreign language and not as a primary language. French remains an important part of Morocco's diverse cultural identity. (MSE)

  2. Van den Avenne C. (2007) Donner en franais l'illusion du crole Mlanges de langues et frontires linguistiques -Positions de linguistes sur l'criture

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2007-01-01

    1986, l'écrivain martiniquais Patrick Chamoiseau publiait son premier roman, Chronique des sept misères enthousiaste en France ­ et il en sera de même de tous les romans suivants de Chamoiseau, jusqu'au prix français en quelque sorte enrichi par le créole, Chamoiseau a donné sa préférence au français, et, de ce

  3. L'Harmonisation des langues Maliennes: Entre l'intregration nationale et regionale (The Harmonization of the Malian Languages: Between National and Regional Integration).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ouane, Adama

    1991-01-01

    Assesses efforts to standardize the Malian languages, including the standardization of orthography and the creation of terminology in the Mandingo-Peul Project. Points to conflicts between technical and political considerations, and between local tendencies and balances among languages and the need to respect the ecolinguistics of the country.…

  4. hal-00592662,version1-13May2011 Author manuscript, published in "Les liaisons dangereuses: Langues, traduction, interprtation., Beyrouth : Lebanon (2010)"

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2010-01-01

    . :. . :. . . . " : "2 . . () 1 76. 2 ..77 hal-00592662,version1-13May2011 #12;1er axe ­ La cohabitation 35 . . . . . " "1 . . " : ."2 . . . . 1 150. 2 .365 : . hal-00592662,version1-13May2011 #12;1er axe " : . . . . hal-00592662,version1-13May2011 #12;1er axe ­ La cohabitation 39 . . "." . . "."" : ­­"1

  5. Panorama de la situation des langues vivantes dans l'ensemble europeen (An Overview of the Modern Language Situation in Europe)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urrutia, Louis

    1975-01-01

    Surveys the linguistic situation as well as the organization of foreign language instruction in the countries of Western Europe. Although linguistic diversity would serve rather than hinder mutual comprehension and cooperation, monolingualism is the usual tendency in most of the countries with the exception of Holland and Luxemburg. (Text is in…

  6. L'utilisation de stratégies d'apprentissage en fonction de la réussite chez des adolescents apprenant l'anglais langue seconde

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Lafontaine

    The purpose of this study was to determine which strategies found in O'Malley & Chamot's (1990) taxonomy distinguishing between strong and poor ESL learners. A questionnaire comprised of 80 strategies was developed and completed by 310 fifth-year secondary school francophone English learners. Results of the end of semester exam - com- pleted three months following data gathering - were analyzed.

  7. Connaissance et utilisation des deux langues en milieu partiellement bilingue (Knowledge and Use of Two Languages in a Partially Bilingual Situation).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enparantza, Jose Luis Alvarez

    A study of the difference between knowledge and use of two languages by bilinguals in a partially bilingual situation looks at what is known about language knowledge and language usage, the linguistic and communication tensions affecting monolinguals in a community, some special cases, and the possibilities for diachronic analysis of language…

  8. 26/6/2014 Toutes les informations donnes sur cette page sont indicatives et n'ont pas de valeur contractuelle MASTER LANGUES ETRANGERES ET ECHANGES

    E-print Network

    Pravda-Starov, Karel

    , techniques de paiement, marketing international, etc. commerce international 4 s'adapter à un contexte mutations en cours capacité d'auto- formation 7 être capable de contribuer à la rédaction d'une étude

  9. Atlas International de la vitalite Linguistique, Volume 1. Les langues constitutionnelles de l'Indie = International Atlas of Language Vitality. Volume 1: Constitutional Languages of India.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, Grant D., Ed.; Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.

    This International atlas of language vitality offers a cartography of language functions, based on a quantitative measure of the vitality of each language. It covers the constitutional languages of India, and offers maps, graphs, and data tables illustrating the vitality ratings of 14 languages by state, domain of usage (religion, schools, mass…

  10. Les Industries de la langue: Au confluent de la linguistique et de l'informatique (The Language Utilities: At the Confluence of Linguistics and Computer Science).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourret, Annie, Ed.; L'Homme, Marie-Claude, Ed.

    A collection of essays addresses aspects of the "Language Utilities," the general term for the area of the conjunction of computer science and linguistics. The following are English translations of the titles of the articles in the collections: "Industrialization of the French Language and Its Maintenance as an Important Language of Science and…

  11. Choix linguistiques, changements et alternances de langue: Les comportements multilingues des italophones de Montreal (Linguistic Choices, Changes, and Code Switching: The Linguistics Behaviors of Italophones of Montreal).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Labrie, Normand

    A study of 15 fathers and their 16 sons in an italophone community in Montreal (Canada) focused on the usage of Italian, French, and English in communication between generations and in a variety of activities. Data were drawn from 45 hours of taped conversation in home and work settings, which included 4,848 instances of language contact. Of the…

  12. UNIVERSIT PARIS III -SORBONNE NOUVELLE cole Doctorale 122 Europe latine -Amrique latine

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    170 « Langues romanes : acquisition, linguistique, didactique » Thèse pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR> antérieur ([mal]) et mâle prononcé avec un postérieur ([ml]) est fonctionnelle. Cette opposition, dite

  13. Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

    2001-01-01

    Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

  14. Discours oraux--discours ecrits: quelles relations? Actes du 4eme colloque d'orthophoine/logopedie (Neuchatel, 3-4 octobre, 1996) (Oral Discourse--Written Discourse: What Is the Relationship? Proceedings of the Colloquium on Speech Therapy (4th, Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 3-4, 1996).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Py, Bernard, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    Research papers on the relationship between oral and written language include: "Une distinction bien fragile: oral/ecrit" ("A Fragile Distinction: Oral/Written") (Francoise Gadet); "Oral et ecrit dans les representations des enseignants et dans les pratiques quotidiennes de la classe de francais" ("Oral and Written Language in Teachers'…

  15. A pressure-correction scheme for convection-dominated incompressible flows with discontinuous velocity and

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    velocity and continuous pressure Lorenzo Bottia,b, , Daniele A. Di Pietroc a Biomedical Engineering Department, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Bergamo, Italy b Industrial Engineering Department, University of Bergamo, Italy c Insitut Fran¸cais du P´etrole, 1& 4 avenue Bois Pr´eau, 92852

  16. Year-One Evaluation of French in the Elementary Schools. Research Report 75-17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleadow, N. E.

    During the 1974-1975 school year eight itinerant French teachers travelled among 20 elementary schools teaching oral French to Grade 6 and Grade 7 students. Each teacher was responsible for two or three schools, The course was based on the book Le Francais Partout-Cours Preliminaire (1967) ed.). The study described in this report was initiated to…

  17. LA REVUE DE L'EPI N 89 RESTEZ EN LIGNE ! RESTEZ EN LIGNE !

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'histoire de l'art est lancée par Robert Derome (contact : derome.robert@uqam.ca). HISTOIRE-GÉOGRAPHIE Des. Grenoble s'est attaqué au nouveau programme de terminale et au bac 1999. L'adresse http terminale. A noter que le nouveau bac a fait également l'objet de discussions sur la liste H- Francais

  18. .: ) . 3056/3.2.2014 . ) . 69/29.1.2014 .

    E-print Network

    .episkopou@imperia l.ac.uk . vasso.episkopo u@imperial.ac. uk 11 FIFAS Spyros Institut Francais des Recherches.umn.edu/fa culty/georgopo ulos.html 15 HATZIMITSIS DIOFANTOS University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus, Department

  19. French Video Cassettes Produced by the Ecole Commerciale de la Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris: Maximizing the Cultural and Linguistic Returns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Charlotte P.

    This paper discusses the use of videotapes furnished with the "Valise du Francais des Affaires" from the Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris to teach business French. In the videotapes, French employers discuss the type of employee they would like to hire, and the problems they have encountered in some of the interviews they have conducted…

  20. Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

    Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin of Speakers") (Chantal…

  1. Some Recent French Courses: Kindergarten to Grade 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinrib, Alice

    1976-01-01

    The following courses of study in French at the primary level are described and evaluated: (1) "En Avant" (E. J. Arnold, 1966), (2) "Repondez s'il vous plait" (Copp Clark, 1975), (3) "Pour les Tous Petits" (Carleton Board of Education, 1974), (4) "Dansons la Capucine (Clarke Irwin, 1973), and (5) "Le Francais Partout: Aux Yeux des Petits" (Holt,…

  2. EPA/IFP EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON THE EMISSION ON NITROUS OXIDE FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report summarizes the proceedings of an EPA/Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) cosponsored workshop addressing direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from fossil fuel combustion. The third in a series, it was held at the IFP in Rueil-Malmaison, France, on June 1-2, 1988. Increas...

  3. Ab Initio Investigation of Ethane Dissociation Using Generalized Transition State Theory Francois Lorant* and Francoise Behar

    E-print Network

    Goddard III, William A.

    ¸ois Lorant* and Franc¸oise Behar Institut Franc¸ais du Pe´trole, Geology and Geochemistry Research Di of the transition state as a function of temperature. Dissociation activation parameters obtained by this method-energy function that depends on the coordinates of the N nuclei of the reactant molecules. On the corresponding

  4. Effects of Stochasticity in Early Life History on Steepness and Population Growth Rate Estimates: An Illustration on

    E-print Network

    (Institut Franc¸ais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la mer ), Se`te, France, 3 UMR 212 EME (Exploited) of the surplus production function used in the biomass dynamic model and the steepness (h) of the stock distribution functions (pdf) for model parameters; posterior probability distributions are derived from

  5. LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 58 DOCUMENTS LISTE PAR SOCIT

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    86 - CDROM filière acier, filière bois, filière béton (S.T.I.) (Lorsque ces 3 produits seront achevés) CEDRAT - Circuit (S.T.I.) CEDROM TECHNOLOGIES - CDROM CD Langues (Langues) CHRYSIS - Calnum) CYBERNETIX - Colin (S.T.I.) EDITION DU CERCLE DE LA LIBRAIRIE - Electre (CDROM pour les C.D.I.) FEDERATION

  6. Les stratgies de traduction des antillanismes lexicaux dans School Days (Chemin-d'cole, Patrick Chamoiseau)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Chamoiseau) Vincent Renner Université Lyon 2 « Chamoiseau writes in Chamoiseau. » Linda Coverdale, in Rose-Myriam Réjouis (2009) « Chez Chamoiseau, deux langues distinctes, quoique fortement embrassées, continuent de traduction des écrits fictionnels de Patrick Chamoiseau est un exercice périlleux, car la langue chamoisienne

  7. Le concept : outil de communication ? Il n'est rien de plus naturel et ncessaire que de s'interroger sur la nature des concepts

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'interroger sur la nature des concepts qu'emploient les juristes ; aussi bien dans le langage de la prescription langue française une des meilleures réflexions actuelles sur la nature des concepts dans la langue'ont pas une nature différente de celle des concepts de n'importe quelle science, car le positivisme nie

  8. Questions de saillance et pigraphie maya Jean-Michel Hoppan

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Questions de saillance et épigraphie maya Jean-Michel Hoppan 1) INTRODUCTION Dans le domaine des langues amérindiennes, la famille maya est celle qui a laissé le plus de traces écrites antérieures à l communément en "glyphes") fut en effet élaborée par les Mayas1 afin de transcrire leurs propres langues, et

  9. Classement automatique de phonmes dans un cadre multilingue et application l'identification

    E-print Network

    Boula de Mareüil, Philippe

    'identification automatique de la langue P. Boula de Mareüil+ , C. Corredor-Ardoy* , D. Matrouf1,2 M. Adda-Decker1 1 LIMSI'information phonématique. L'algorithme de classement a été appliqué avec succès à l'identification de la langue. + P. Boula

  10. Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Works in Linguistics). Number 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL), 1985

    1985-01-01

    The five papers in this collection include: "Apprendre a apprendre les langues: 'Mais je veux etre un handicape linguistique!'" (Learning To Learn Languages: But I Want To Be Linguistically Handicapped!) (Richard Duda); "Pedagogie integree des langues maternelle et seconde. La conscience des problemes chez les enseignants et chez les enseignes"…

  11. Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Quatrieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 4.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  12. Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Troisieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 3.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  13. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Cinquieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 5.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  14. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Deuxieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 2.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  15. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Troisieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 3).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  16. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Deuxieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 2).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  17. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Cinquieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 5).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  18. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Sixieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 6).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  19. Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Premier annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 1.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  20. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Premiere annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 1).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  1. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Sixieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 6.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  2. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Quatrieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 4).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  3. Fiche Pratique: Concours TV 5--La television a l'ecole; Autre temps, autre temps; Cassette FDM frequence plus--l'invite; Science en francais (Practical Ideas: TV 5 Competition--Television in Schools; Once Again, Another Tense; The "FDM" Audiocassette Series--The Guest; Science in French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuncea, Nicolae; And Others

    1993-01-01

    The language classroom activities described include work with TV programs (interviews, cooking demonstrations, scenes without soundtrack); exercises with passe compose and passe simple verb tenses; descriptions of available French cassette programs; and use of texts on scientific subjects to build reading for meaning. (CNP)

  4. De la lecture a l'ecriture, ou la reussite en francais ecrit des eleves de cinquieme secondaire et leurs habitudes de lecture (From Reading to Writing, or The Success in Written French of Fifth-Year Secondary School Students and Their Reading Habits).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gelinas, Rene

    A study investigated the relationship between reading habits and writing skills in French of 223 Canadian secondary school students. Students were surveyed concerning their demographic characteristics, attitudes about learning and reading, recreational activities, and reading habits and reading materials. Writing skills were evaluated using a…

  5. Enjeux et obstacles de la traduction de l'appartenance. Du francais a l'arabe en passant par l'anglais, l'italien, l'allemand et le neerlandais (Stakes and Obstacles in the Interpretation of "Belonging." From French to Arab by Way of English, Italian, German and Dutch).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ibrahim, Amr Helmy

    1982-01-01

    Linguistic and sociocultural issues in the concept of nationality and identification with a community in French and Arab circles are compared, with references to other European national groups. Among the concepts explored and diagrammed are father, mother, land, fatherland, people, nation, state, homeland, national community, and local community.…

  6. David Wood - Uses and Functions of Formulaic Sequences in Second-Language Speech: An Exploration of the Foundations of Fluency - The Canadian Modern Language Review \\/ La revue canadienne des langues vivantes 63:1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Wood

    Formulaic sequences are fixed combinations of words that have a range of functions and uses in speech production and communication, and seem to be cognitively stored and retrieved by speakers as if they were single words. They can facilitate fluency in speech by making pauses shorter and less frequent, and allowing longer runs of speech between pauses. The present study

  7. Analyse critique de l'efficacite et de l'interaction en langue seconde ou le rendez-vous a Samarkande (Critical Analysis of Second Language Efficiency and Interaction, or the Rendez-vous at Samarkand).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martel, Angeline

    1988-01-01

    The structural and practical sources of inefficiency in the second language learning and teaching environment are analyzed, and sources of efficiency are proposed. It is concluded that interaction or communication is a primary condition for efficiency, especially if efficiency is an objective. (MSE)

  8. Confidence through Competence in Modern Language Learning. CILT Reports & Papers 25. Selection of Papers from the World Conference of the International Federation of Modern Language Teachers--FIPLV--Federation Internationale des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes (Helsinki, Finland, July 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freudenstein, Reinhold, Ed.; James, C. Vaughan, Ed.

    Fourteen papers from six countries are included in this volume. Several have been translated from French or German. The papers are grouped as follows: (1) Creativity and Language Learning: "Creativity, Brain, and Language" (M. Bergstrom) and "Creativity and Interactional Competence in Foreign Language Learning" (E. Oksaar); (2) The Teacher and the…

  9. L'enseignement de la musique et de la langue seconde: pistes d'integration et consequences sur les apprentissages (The Teaching of Music and Second Language: Paths for Integration and Consequences for Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Anne S.

    1998-01-01

    An experiment in a grade 2 French immersion program compared performance of a group-taught music lessons totally integrated into classroom instruction and a group not given music instruction. Pre- and post-tests of tonal-rhythmic patterns and form that have commonalities with pronunciation, oral grammar, vocabulary, and reading comprehension found…

  10. Le Rapport langue-culture dans les organisations internationales: Pour Une Sociologie des organisations internationales (The Relationship between Language and Culture in International Organizations: Toward a Sociology of International Organizations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jastrab de Saint Robert, de Marie-Josee

    1988-01-01

    Understanding the work of international organizations requires an understanding of the relationship between language and culture, a relationship evident in the activities of the international organizations. This relationship is partly responsible for the negative image of such organizations. Research in the sociology of international organizations…

  11. Courses: Education: Single Subject (EDSS) Page 309Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog edSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    literacy and language theory and cur- rent issues in reading/language pedagogy for first and second literacy theory and the cognitive, affective, and social aspects of literacy development in subject areas planning, instructional strategies for diverse learners, assessment, and professional develop- ment

  12. Actes des VIIImes RJC ED268 `Langage et langues', Paris III, 21 mai 2005 39 Le /b/ fort en salentin (sous-rgion des Pouilles, Italie du Sud) : une tude

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    « intense » des occlusives sonores (Mancarella, 1974). Dans la série des sourdes, ainsi que les fricatives:ut:a/ `sèche'. En ce qui concerne les occlusives sonores, cette opposition distinctive manque. Pour la « renforcées » de la dentale sont très limitées ([d:it:u] `dit', participe passé de `dire')2 , et la vélaire

  13. L'Enseignement scolaire des langues vivantes dans les pays membres de la communaute europeenne: bilan, reflexions et propositions (Modern Language Instruction in the Member Countries of the European Community: Evaluation, Reflections, and Proposals).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Deth, Jean-Pierre

    A review of the situation of modern language teaching in western Europe (Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, West Germany, and the United Kingdom) looks at the demography and multilingualism of the region, the organization of school systems in those countries, and the status of school-based modern language…

  14. Etude du style d'apprentissage d'etudiants inscrits a un programme de didactique de langues secondes (Study of the Learning Style of Students Enrolled in a Program of Second Language Pedagogy).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theberge, Mariette; LeBlanc, Raymond

    1998-01-01

    This study identified the learning styles of 44 second-language teacher trainees at the University of Ottawa (Ontario) and explored the relevance of learning-style awareness in the context of teacher education. Results show a predominance of the "reflector" mode in this population, suggesting a pedagogical approach that allows learning-style…

  15. Didactique des langues etrangeres: De quoi parle-t-on quand on parle de grammaire? (Didactic of Foreign Languages: What Are We Talking About When We Talk About Grammar?).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berche, Merce Pujol

    1998-01-01

    A discussion of the term "grammar" in the context of second-language teaching and learning looks at various approaches to/definitions of grammar, including linguistic, psychological, sociological, and pedagogical grammars. Pedagogical grammars are viewed as learning tools for the second-language classroom, and their properties and components are…

  16. Apprentissage d'une langue et interaction verbale. Sollicitation, transmission et construction de connaissances linguistiques en situation exolingue (Language Learning and Verbal Interaction. Appeal, Transmission and Construction of Linguistic Knowledge in a Foreign-Language Situation).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthey, Marinette

    The discussion of the role of verbal interaction in second language learning focuses on the process the learner undergoes in acquiring linguistic knowledge in a second- or foreign-language (L2) situation. The introductory section provides a general discussion of language learning and the acquisition of both linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge.…

  17. Evolution linguistique et evolution de perspective en grammaire comparee des langues indoeuropeennes: le cas du "locatif sans desinence" (Linguistic Evolution and Evolution of Perspective in the Comparative Grammar of Indo-European Languages: The Case of the "Endingless Locative").

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanseveren, Sylvie

    2001-01-01

    This paper deals with the problem of the casual origin of the Greek infinitives in "-men,""ein," with respect to the "endingless locative" and the casus indefinitus" hypothesis. These assumptions can be connected with the progress made in the linguistic research, especially on the nominal inflection, from a chronological and methodological point…

  18. Basque, breton, catalan, corse, flamand, germanique d'Alsace, occitan: l'enseignement des "langues regionales" (Basque, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Flemish, Alsatian Germanic, Occitan: The Teaching of "Regional Languages")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcellesi, Jean-Baptiste

    1975-01-01

    Introduces a series of articles; explains the significance of these heterogeneous languages and their teaching as they relate to the French language and as they contribute to or gain from linguistic study. (Text is in French.) (MSE)

  19. Réflexions sur l’usage de langues dans l’évaluation psycho(patho)logique appliquée à la création littéraire (S. Beckett, J. Green, V. Nabokov)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gérard Pirlot; Elaine Costa Fernandez; Zohra Guerraoui; Dominique Cupa

    2011-01-01

    Our comment is based upon the Freudian hypothesis stating that repression is a defect in translation. Applying this statement to bilingual subjects using foreign languages, the second language, because it's less burdened with emotional repressions than native language, can turn into source of language troubles by arousing defense mechanisms, or, for the best, through an avoidance of repression, can reveal

  20. Langue et rapports sociaux. Analyse des language d'usage chez des Italiens de deuxieme generation (Language and Social Relationships. Analysis of Languages Used by Second-Generation Italians).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fortier, Anne-Marie

    A study investigated the choice of language (French, English, or Italian) for different activities and with different individuals among second-generation Italians in Quebec through interviews with 12 adults. The report first provides a sociolinguistic profile of the subjects and identifies the social factors associated with language choice in…

  1. Bilinguisme et problematique des langues ethniques. Enquete sur le comportement linguistique des jeunes montrealais d'origine italienne (Bilingualism and the Problem of Ethnic Languages. A Study of the Linguistic Behavior of Young Montrealers of Italian Descent). Publication B-149.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villata, Bruno

    A study is reported of the language behavior of trilingual 9-to-12-year-old native Italian speakers in Montreal, some of whom were studying Italian on Saturdays and some of whom were not. The study focused on their available vocabulary in the three languages (Italian, French, and English) and on their language productivity during their various…

  2. La Description des langues naturelles en vue d'applications linguistiques: Actes du colloque (The Description of Natural Languages with a View to Linguistic Applications: Conference Papers). Publication K-10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ouellon, Conrad, Comp.

    Presentations from a colloquium on applications of research on natural languages to computer science address the following topics: (1) analysis of complex adverbs; (2) parser use in computerized text analysis; (3) French language utilities; (4) lexicographic mapping of official language notices; (5) phonographic codification of Spanish; (6)…

  3. Incidence de la connaissance d'une langue de programmation sur la conception et l'implantation des programmes d'etude. Etude effectuee dans les classes de langue francaise des conseils des ecoles separees de l'Ontario (The Impact of the Knowledge of a Programming Language on the Conception and Implementation of Courses of Study. Study Carried out in French Language Classes in the Council of Separate Schools in Ontario).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaud, Pierre; And Others

    Students in certain French language schools in eastern Ontario took part in this initial experiment in the teaching of computer and electronic programing at the elementary school level. This project had three objectives for optimizing the pedagogical impact of these first attempts at teaching programing: (1) to describe the context of this initial…

  4. Universite de Marne-La-Vallee Th`ese de Doctorat

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'avoir accueillie durant ces trois ann´ees `a l'Institut Gaspard Monge, ­ Mike Boyle pour l'int´er^et qu, ­ Enfin, tous ceux qui contribuent `a faire r´egner la bonne hu- meur au sein de l'Institut Gaspard Monge

  5. 20 CFR 416.120 - General definitions and use of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...security income benefit means the amount to be...eligible individual and his eligible spouse... (2) Income means the receipt by an...needs (see subpart K of this part). (3) Resources means cash or other liquid...an individual owns and could convert to...

  6. 20 CFR 416.120 - General definitions and use of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...security income benefit means the amount to be...eligible individual and his eligible spouse... (2) Income means the receipt by an...needs (see subpart K of this part). (3) Resources means cash or other liquid...an individual owns and could convert to...

  7. 20 CFR 416.120 - General definitions and use of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...security income benefit means the amount to be...eligible individual and his eligible spouse... (2) Income means the receipt by an...needs (see subpart K of this part). (3) Resources means cash or other liquid...an individual owns and could convert to...

  8. 20 CFR 416.120 - General definitions and use of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...security income benefit means the amount to be...eligible individual and his eligible spouse... (2) Income means the receipt by an...needs (see subpart K of this part). (3) Resources means cash or other liquid...an individual owns and could convert to...

  9. Afr. J. Eco1. 1996, Vulumc 34, pages 1-14 Social organization and space use in the Cape porcupine in a

    E-print Network

    Pretoria, University of

    'adultes monogames. Les membres du couple partagaient Ie meme tcrrier et Ie meme espace vital. et tous les couples d'origine. Les espaces vitaux respectifs occupaient globalement Ie meme territoire tout au long de l'annee meme si l'endroit precis variait de mois en mois ct que la plus grande partie de leur activite se

  10. The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Le CENTRE d'´EDUCATION en MATH´EMATIQUES et´esultats Concours Gauss (7e et 8e ann´ees ­ Sec. I et II) c 2012 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

  11. The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Le CENTRE d'´EDUCATION en MATH´EMATIQUES et´esultats Concours Gauss (7e et 8e ann´ees ­ Sec. I et II) c 2011 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

  12. Design gomtrique 2003/2004 Design Gomtrique

    E-print Network

    Hahmann, Stefanie

    Design géométrique 2003/2004 3EME ANNEE Design Géométrique Geometric Design Code ECTS : M3MDGCAO processus de design de formes 3D par ordinateur. La CFAO (Conception et Fabrication Assistées par Ordinateur that are used today in nearby all design processes of 3D forms. CAD/CAM applications, medical imaging as well

  13. ESAIM: PROCEEDINGS, September 2005, Vol.14, 156-173 Eric Canc`es & Jean-Frederic Gerbeau, Editors

    E-print Network

    Roche, Benjamin

    revealed that chlorophyll a concentration had a significant influence over cholera epidemics our model mortalit´e impor- tante et avec de nombreux ph´enom`enes de r´e-´emergences ces dix derni`eres ann´ees dans of contaminated water or seafood. V. cholerae is naturally present in the environment and is autochthonous in many

  14. Premi`ere mesure de l'asymetrie azimutale de la production du J/ vers l'avant dans les collisions Au+Au `a 200 GeV

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    financement et l'accueil du doctorant, celui-ci remercie ces encadrants proches, ceux que l'ont inspir´es pendant ces 3 ann´ees, et tous les autres qui l'ont support´e, fait sourire, ou distrait. J'ai eu envie

  15. A L'UNIVERSITE DE PARIS VII Pour obtenir le

    E-print Network

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . · · . · . . 5 CHAPITRE I GENERALITES SUR LE RAYONNEMENT SOLAIRE .......·....··.·.·... 9 I.1. Quelques'ATLAS SOLAIRES EN EUROPE A L'AIDE DE MESURES SATELLITAIRES METEOSAT (ANNEES 1983, 1984 et 1985). Soutenue le 9 RAYONNEMENT GLOBAL AU SOL A L'AIDE DE DONNEES SATELLITAIRES.·...··.·. 21 III.1. Les méthodes statistiques

  16. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N D. U. 2430

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N° D. U. 2430 UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE ANNEE 2013 ECOLE DOCTORALE SCIENCES DE Président : M. Pete Smith (University of Aberdeen) Membres : M. Joan Artigas (Université Blaise Pascal) Mlle Professor Laboratory of Microorganisms: Genome and environment (LMGE) University Blaise Pascal Campus des

  17. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N D.U. 1640

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL N° D.U. 1640 UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE ANNEE 2006 ECOLE DOCTORALE DES SCIENCES DE LA VIE ET DE LA SANTE N° d'ordre 434 THESE Présentée à l'Université Blaise-Pascal pour l. Chambres Prof. Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand H. Erhard Senior Research Scientist Macaulay

  18. UFR Sciences et Technologies DEMANDE DE TRANSFERT DE DOSSIER UNIVERSITAIRE

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    Université) De l'Université Blaise Pascal (Clermont II) A l : .......................................................................................................................................................... Etudes suivies à l'Université Blaise Pascal : ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE NIVEAU D'ETUDE DISCIPLINE RESULTAT : Signature AVIS du Président de l'Université d'accueil AVIS du Président de l'Université Blaise Pascal

  19. Patterns in Water Quality at Selected Stations in the Fraser River Basin (1985-1991)

    E-print Network

    coliform numbers at Marguerite was also detected, suggesting a favorable effect of improvements in sewage direction for future efforts. #12;RESUME Au milieu des annees 1980, Ies deux principals autoriies de la Colombie-Briiannique en matiere d'environnement - Environnement Canada et Ie ministere de l

  20. CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS

    E-print Network

    Ribes, Aurélien

    CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2008 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 35 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

  1. CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS

    E-print Network

    Ribes, Aurélien

    CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2007 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 34 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

  2. Sociologie des prenoms... des chiens Baptiste Coulmont

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Sociologie des pr´enoms... des chiens Baptiste Coulmont 23 septembre 2011 Introduction L'´etude de donn´ees concernant plus de 10 millions de chiens (ann´ee de naissance, pr´enom, d´epartement de naissance, race), nous donne les infor- mations suivantes : 1. Les pr´enoms des chiens suivent des modes sp

  3. DEPARTEMENT DE PHYSIQUE UFR SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIES

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    DEPARTEMENT DE PHYSIQUE UFR SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIES 24 avenue des Landais BP 80026 63171 AUBIERE Cedex Tél. 04.73.40.72.00 Fax. 04.73.40.77.47 Courriel : physique@univ-bpclermont.fr DOSSIER DE CANDIDATURE MASTER 2ème ANNEE Mention PHYSIQUE ET TECHNOLOGIES DES RAYONNEMENTS POUR L'INDUSTRIE ET LA

  4. La maturation du systeme de revenu de retraite du Canada : niveaux de revenu, inegalite des revenus et faibles revenus chez les gens ages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Myles

    2000-01-01

    Ce document reexamine les tendances sur le plan du niveau et de la repartition des revenus chez les Canadiens ages dans le contexte de ce qui est sans doute la principale source de changement a l'interieur de ces tendances depuis la fin des annees 70, la maturation des regimes publics et prives de pensions proportionnelles aux gains au Canada. L'elargissement

  5. (Biotechnology for the conversion of lignocellulosics)

    SciTech Connect

    Woodward, J.

    1990-10-25

    This report summarizes the results of the traveler's participation in the International Energy Agency (IEA) Network planning meeting for Biotechnology for the Conversion of Lignocellulosics,'' held at the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), Rueil-Malmaison, France. It also summarizes the results of discussions held at Aston University, Birmingham, UK, with Dr. Martin Beevers with whom the traveler is attempting to initiate a collaborative research project that will be beneficial to ongoing research programs at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The itinerary for the trip is given in Appendix A; the names of the people contacted are listed in Appendix B. Also, pertinent information about the Institut Francais du Petrole is attached (Appendix C). 1 tab.

  6. Chapitre 13 PHONTIQUE ACOUSTIQUE

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    langue puise son propre inventaire. Ces classes de sons se font selon des critères articulatoires ou (International Phonetic Alphabet, IPA) pour le classement des consonnes. Ainsi, dans la classe des fricatives, le

  7. ACAL32, Berkeley, 23-26 March 2001 COMPLEX SENTENCES IN AFRICAN LANGUAGES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . These are : * LLACAN (Langage, Langues et Culture d'Afrique Noire), UMR 7594 (CNRS, Inalco, Paris7) 7, rue Guy his clothes]DC, [you look at him and see he is beautiful naked.]MC. Hausa concessive clauses : 1

  8. Problmes de la reprsentation : l'art l'preuve du rel Le cours s'articulera autour d'une tude historique et critique du concept de mimsis,

    E-print Network

    Parrott, Lael

    , Être sans destin. 7) 18 février : L'« effet de réel » : parodie des règles de la vraisemblance. Roland Barthes, Le Bruissement de la langue. Éric Chevillard, Oreille rouge. 8) 24 février : La métafiction, ou

  9. Une procdure d'anonymisation deux niveaux pour crer un corpus de comptes rendus hospitaliers

    E-print Network

    Zweigenbaum, Pierre

    2b2.org/NLP/). #12;travaux de traitement automatique des langues en informatique médicale par différentiel de développement des 1 Voir par exemple la catégorisation du statut d'obésité d'un patient (https://www.i

  10. LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 49 SOMMAIRE SOMMAIRE du n 49

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    moyens du bord 159 - Plaidoyer pour une initiation douce mais fonctionnelle à la programmation en basic Centre de didactique des langues ou quelques pistes de recherche en pédagogie informatique 184 - Pour une

  11. Stratgies de communication Mention : Communication, stratgie internationale et

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    Stratégies de communication Mention : Communication, stratégie internationale et interculturalité 2 PARCOURS Communication des entreprises Ingénierie de la documentation technique multilingue Nature de la communication UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication PRÉSENTATION Objectifs Cette spécialité

  12. Information -Communication Communication des entreprises

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    Information - Communication 2 PARCOURS Communication des entreprises Communication et solidarité;2 Information - Communication UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication PRÉSENTATION Objectifs La Licence Information et communication est destinée aux étudiants qui souhaitent suivre un parcours

  13. HOOTS99 Preliminary Version Object Closure Conversion

    E-print Network

    Glew, Neal

    HOOTS99 Preliminary Version Object Closure Conversion closure conversion is i* *n- teresting and gives further insight into general closure conversion it correct. The translation and proof generalise to other object-oriented langu* *ages, and the paper gives

  14. L'UNIVERSITE du TEXAS ARLINGTON PROGRAMMES D'ANGLAIS INTENSIF

    E-print Network

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    'anglais comme langue étrangère (en anglais, "ESL -English as a Second Language") ou dans un domaine affilié afin de permettre aux étrangers non immigrants d'étudier aux Etats-Unis. Des Laboratoires Modernes · 37

  15. Devenir des diplms Promotion 2009-2010

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    de l'enquête. 66,4% occupent des fonctions cadres. Le salaire net mensuel moyen est de 1768 . Photo Sociale et Cognitive", "Ethnomusicologie et Anthropologie de la Danse". #12;Domaine Arts, Lettres, Langues

  16. Expositions -installations Les Enfants de la Guerre de 14-18 dans la revue Fillette

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    - Patrimoine Du 4 novembre 2013 au 31 janvier 2014. Bibliothèque Gergovia - UFR Lettres Langues et Sciences notre quotidien médiatique. Dans un cadre architectural très singulier et marqué par l'histoire, Lionel

  17. Elf well turns 90\\/degree\\/- and stays there

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Astier; A. Jourdan; G. Baron

    1981-01-01

    As part of an intensive research program, the French association IFP (Institut Francais du Petrole) and Elf-Aquitaine have drilled the first European horizontal hole. The well was spudded conventionally and then deviated so that its final path was horizontal, 2,198 ft (670 m) below the surface. More than 330 ft (100 m) were drilled between 89\\/degree\\/ and 92\\/degree\\/ of inclination.

  18. Deployment of the deep sea ROV VICTOR 6000 from board the German research icebreaker POLARSTERN in polar regions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Nokin; T. Soltwedel; M. Klages

    2000-01-01

    Within the frame of a Franco-Germam co-operation between the German “ Alfred Wegener Institut for Polar and Marine Research” (AWI) and the french “Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer” (IFREMER) the French Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) “VICTOR 6000” was successfully deployed from board R\\/V “POLARSTERN” during the polar expedition ARK XV\\/1 from 23.06 to 18.07.1999 to Fram

  19. Geo-Ethnicity, Epistolary Affect, and Reception in French Prose Fiction of the Enlightenment: An Experiment in Data Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard L. Frautschi

    1995-01-01

    A s literary studies move increasingly to the use of machine-readable texts, some precoded with markers of external and internal features, the availability of documents in database formats' will undoubtedly influence the direction of future criticism. The present article is an exercise in the use of an expanded Bibliographie du genre romanesque francais, 1700-1800 (hereafter MMF-2), a bibliographic database of

  20. III -INTRODUCTION AUX TESTS STATISTIQUES

    E-print Network

    Croisille, Jean-Pierre

    III - INTRODUCTION AUX TESTS STATISTIQUES J-P. Croisille Universit´e de Lorraine UEL - Ann´ee 2012/2013 Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12 LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12;CHOIX DE L'HYPOTHESE NEUTRE ET DE L

  1. IV -REGRESSION LINEAIRE J-P. Croisille

    E-print Network

    Croisille, Jean-Pierre

    IV - REGRESSION LINEAIRE J-P. Croisille Universit´e de Lorraine UEL - Ann´ee 2012/2013 Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM [UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12;1- DEPENDANCE-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM [UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12;EXEMPLE DE DEPENDANCE

  2. I -INTRODUCTION AUX STATISTIQUES J-P. Croisille

    E-print Network

    Croisille, Jean-Pierre

    I - INTRODUCTION AUX STATISTIQUES J-P. Croisille Universit´e de Lorraine UEL - Ann´ee 2012/2013 Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12´ees/multivari´ees Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12;Donn

  3. II -VARIABLES ALEATOIRES ET DONNEES J-P. Croisille

    E-print Network

    Croisille, Jean-Pierre

    II - VARIABLES ALEATOIRES ET DONNEES J-P. Croisille Universit´e de Lorraine UEL - Ann´ee 2012/2013 Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12 LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12;EXEMPLE 1: SCIENCES DE LA VIE On mesure

  4. MAT 127 (Universite Joseph Fourier) Partiel de mars 2013 (Duree : 1h30)

    E-print Network

    Piau, Didier

    'habitants de l'Illinois au temps t (en ann´ee) et on suppose que cette population suit une loi de Malthus de . Quelle densit´e pr´edit le mod`ele de Malthus ? 6) Si le gouverneur de l'´etat d'Illinois vous demandait votre avis sur la fiabilit´e du mod`ele de Malthus pour d´ecrire l'´evolution de la population de cet

  5. LE FROTTEMENT INTERNE DANS LES POLYMÈRES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. PINERI; P. MOSER

    1971-01-01

    RCsumC. - Les experiences de frottement interne dans les polymeres se sont beaucoup deve- loppees au cours de ces dernieres annees. Cette technique d'ktude permet en effet d'acceder a la nature des mouvements des chaines constituant le produit. Or, les possibilites de reorientation, relaxation des segments de chaine dkfinissent directement les proprietes mkcaniques de ces produits. Bien qu'un nombre considerable

  6. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: 10e, 11e, and 12e annees (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grades 10, 11, and 12).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the senior high school (grades 10-12) curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in…

  7. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: 10e, 11e, 12e annees. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grades 10, 11, and 12.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that high school students are faced with decisions that will determine future opportunities and endeavors, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the high school curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills,…

  8. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: 10e, 113 et 12e annees (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grades 10, 11 and 12).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that high school students are faced with decisions that will determine future opportunities and endeavors, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the high school curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills,…

  9. 17/04/11 21:37Version imprimable : Numro 5 (2010) : "Strotypes en langue et en dis...f Frustration -Revue Interdisciplinaire "Textes & contextes" Page 1 sur 9http://revuesshs.u-bourgogne.fr/textes&contextes/document.php?id=1103&format=print

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2010-01-01

    ...f Frustration - Revue Interdisciplinaire "Textes & contextes" Page 1 sur 9http://revuesshs.u-bourgogne.fr/textes&contextes/document that it is a mere replay of the series' pilot. Two FBI agents (Chet Desmond and Sam Stanley) are sent 2 sur 9http://revuesshs.u-bourgogne.fr/textes&contextes/document.php?id=1103&format

  10. La situation comme co-determinant des formes et des fonctions du langage; comment enseigner cet "art ellipique": parler une langue etrangere (Situation as a Co-determinant of the Form and Function of Language; How to Teach This "Elliptical Art": to Speak a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartveldt, R.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses stylistic variation in communication, the elements involved (participants, contact, message, context, and code), and ways in which to incorporate the knowledge of this process in second language instruction. (AM)

  11. Page 312 Courses: Education: Single Subject (EDSS) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog edSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe And SeCondAry

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    using competencies, and dialect variation are integral to the course. Students develop materials, and materials for guiding students' literary development in subject areas at the secondary level. Includes

  12. L'identite ethnolinguistique et les eleves 16 ans ou plus qui frequentent les ecoles secondaires de langue francaise de l'Ontario. Rapport de recherche (The Ethno-Linguistic Identity of Students Aged 16 Years or Older Attending French-Language Secondary Schools in Ontario. Research Report).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duquette, Georges

    The report, written in French, presents the results of a study on the ethno-linguistic identity of students aged 16 years or older attending French language secondary schools in Ontario. Goals of the questionnaire study included the following: (1) gathering demographics on students about to graduate from high school, regarding their gender,…

  13. L3 SPI Parcours mcanique page 1/5 Licence 3 SPI parcours Mcanique

    E-print Network

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    L3 SPI ­ Parcours mécanique page 1/5 Licence 3 SPI ­ parcours Mécanique Semestre 5 Objectifs MATH-S3 UEP 6 2,5 13h TD, 12h TP #12;L3 SPI ­ Parcours mécanique page 2/5 thermiques. Matériaux en'étranger, ou à l'intégration de la vie professionnelle LANGUE-S4 UEC 14 2 18h TD UEL Libre UEL 2 #12;L3 SPI

  14. Sciences SCIENCES II | QUAI ERNEST ANSERMET Accueil et collation ds 8h30

    E-print Network

    Halazonetis, Thanos

    Sciences SCIENCES II | QUAI ERNEST ANSERMET Accueil et collation dès 8h30 Tous les étudiants: lundi 16 sep. 9h15 A Lettres UNI BASTIONS | RUE DE CANDOLLE Bachelor 1re année: vendredi 13 sep. 10h-12h B CANDOLLE * Ecole de langue et de civilisation françaises Année propédeutique: lundi 16 sep. 9h-12h B

  15. LUIT: Language, a Unified and Integrative Theory (1st part, May 2013 version)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : interlocution > language faculty, Discourse > Grammar, parole > langue, praxis > system - Epigeny - ergativity1 LUIT: Language, a Unified and Integrative Theory (1st part, May 2013 version) Pablo Kirtchuk), an explicitly unified and integrative theory of language, following the one presented implicitly in my Ph

  16. L'ducation des filles l'poque moderne Martine Sonnet

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    prennent le pas sur la lecture et l'écriture, et sans latin ­alors véritable clef de l'accès à la ainsi directement à l'Ecriture, traduite en langue vulgaire, base de sa doctrine. Face aux progrès de la

  17. DCOUVREZ LES PLUS BEAUX FILMS

    E-print Network

    Laemmli, Ulrich

    adaptent la nouvelle de Gottfried Keller, dont le titre évoque celui de Shakespeare Romeo et Juliette. LaDÉCOUVREZ LES PLUS BEAUX FILMS DE LA LANGUE ET DE LA CULTURE ALLEMANDE AU kinoKLUB DU 30 SEPTEMBRE;Édito Loupé un film? Vous trouverez une grande partie des films que nous projettons et bien d

  18. Faculty Adv Mary Burban

    E-print Network

    Tipple, Brett

    of L ard I-A, Standa econd Langu uirements for E 5810/LANG 5 ommunity required hou mily School P 150) Language Lea d Language In ery for Mild/M ESL endorseme nd 5132; Co-re urs) Linguistically ard II, and a ba

  19. Du laboratoire surveille a l'approche modulaire: Contrainte ou autonomie? (From the Supervised Laboratory to the Modular Approach: Constraint or Autonomy?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aubert, Jean-Phillipe

    1980-01-01

    The experience of the second language team at the "Centre de Langue Francaise" (CLF) at McGill University (Montreal) is reported. The emphasis placed on designing courses and laboratory experiences in response to student needs is reviewed from the late 1960's until the present. Some of the factors that were operative in curriculum change were the…

  20. UNIVERSIT D'ANGERS Anne 2007 LES EDUCATEURS SPECIALISES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    VOLUME 3 UNIVERSITÉ D'ANGERS Année 2007 N° 893 LES EDUCATEURS SPECIALISES ET LEUR ASSOCIATION Spécialité: HISTOIRE MODERNE ET CONTEMPORAINE ÉCOLE DOCTORALE D'ANGERS Présentée et soutenue publiquement le 15 Décembre 2007 à la Faculté des Lettres, Langues et Sciences humaines d'Angers par Samuel BOUSSION

  1. Filires d'tudes au niveau bachelor de l'Universit de Berne -anne acadmique 14/15

    E-print Network

    Richner, Heinz

    donnés en allemand (sauf dans les programmes de langues). > www.bachelor.unibe.ch Filières d'études avec.-nat. Physique; option spécifique en astronomie B Sc in Physics with special qualification in Astronomy Phil.-hist. Physique/ Astronomie Phil.-nat. Principes du droit RW Psychologie B Sc in Psychology Phil.-hum. Science de

  2. Filires d'tudes au niveau master de l'Universit de Berne -anne acadmique 14/15

    E-print Network

    Richner, Heinz

    filières, les cours se tiennent principalement en allemand (= pas de notation dans la rubrique «Langue d A in Archaeology with special qualification in Prehistory Phil.-hist. Astronomie 20% anglais Phil A in Central Asian Studies allemand ou anglais Phil.-hist. Chimie et sciences moléculaires M Sc in Chemistry

  3. Study Abroad as Professional Development for FSL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wernicke, Meike

    2010-01-01

    In July 2009, a group of over 80 FSL teachers from British Columbia (BC) participated in a two-week sojourn at the "Centre d'Approches vivantes des Langues et des Medias" (CAVILAM) in Vichy, France, as part of an initiative to address the critical shortage of qualified French language teachers in the province. After almost four decades of study…

  4. LA REVUE DE L'EPI N 92 RLE DU DOCUMENTALISTE RLE DU DOCUMENTALISTE DANS

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    sur la voie des académies les plus avancées. Une démarche fonctionnelle du formateur Le formateur aux activités concrètes de la classe de langue. Ainsi, l'analyse-évaluation de matériels didactiques'extérieur, mais aussi celle, plus profonde dû à des conceptions différentes d'un point de vue didactique : jusqu

  5. Menosprecio de corte y alabanza de aldea en la novela de finales del siglo XVIII.

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    , considerándolo a la vez como instrumento de representación del espacio y como lugar común moral2. No atribuimosRUTH AMOSSY, ANNE HERSCHBERG PIERROT, Stéréotypes et clichés, langue, discours, société, Paris, Nathan Beatus ille de Horacio o las Geórgicas de Virgilio. El topos apareció también en la prosa moral durante

  6. Exploring the Ancestral Roots of American Sign Language: Lexical Borrowing from Cistercian Sign Language and French Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cagle, Keith Martin

    2010-01-01

    American Sign Language (ASL) is the natural and preferred language of the Deaf community in both the United States and Canada. Woodward (1978) estimated that approximately 60% of the ASL lexicon is derived from early 19th century French Sign Language, which is known as "langue des signes francaise" (LSF). The lexicon of LSF and ASL may be derived…

  7. Running head: L'attrition en tant que phnomne psycholinguistique Language, Interaction and Acquisition

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Running head: L'attrition en tant que phénomène psycholinguistique Language, Interaction and Acquisition Special issue on Language Attrition L'ATTRITION DE LA PREMIERE LANGUE EN TANT QUE PHENOMENE, published in "Language, Interaction and Acquisition 2, 2 (2011) 197-220" DOI : 10.1075/lia.2.2.02kop #12;L'attrition

  8. NOTES ON CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE IN CULTURE AND SOCIETY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PRIDE, J.B.

    IN THIS PAPER THE AUTHOR IS PRESENTING AN OVERVIEW OF CURRENT RESEARCH, BOTH IN THE FIELD OF LINGUISTICS AND IN OTHER FIELDS, ON THE LINGUISTIC EXPRESSION OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL MEANING. THE MAJOR TOPICS DISCUSSED INCLUDE--(1) CULTURAL COMPENTENCE (LANGUE AND PAROLE, CO-EXISTING COMPETENCES), (2) DOMAINS AND ROLE RELATIONS, (3) SPEECH FUNCTIONS,…

  9. Thierry CHANIER Archives ouvertes

    E-print Network

    . Liste des principaux sigles et abréviations o AL : accès libre ; o AL&Tic : apprentissage des langues et Tic ; o CNRS : Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique ; o DTD : déclaration de type de document sociales ; o STM : sciences, technologie et médecine ; o Tic : technologies de l'information et de la

  10. des tudes l'UMONS Formation continue

    E-print Network

    Dupont, Stéphane

    domaine : · Art de bâtir et Urbanisme · Langues et Lettres · Sciences · Sciences Economiques et de Gestion ou se préparer à un nouveau métier, en développant de nouvelles compétences destinées à préparer une ou un nouveau diplôme universitaire qu'à ceux qui veulent tout simplement réaliser leur projet

  11. Films for French: A Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savignon, Sandra J., Ed.

    More than 100 films, selected for use in college-level French programs, are evaluated in this teaching guide. Films are listed alphabetically under the following categories: (1) "Beaux-Arts," (2) "La France Contemporaine," (3) "La France et le Nouveau Monde," (4) "Histoire," and (5) "Langue." The index gives an alphabetical list of all the films…

  12. INFORMATIQUE COLE POLYTECHNIQUE FDRALE DE LAUSANNEFLASH

    E-print Network

    Ouagadougou page 15 Bangkok page 33 Antananarivo page 41 #12;TERRA I N FO RMATICA2 Avec la mer du Nord pour informatique central Editorial Brel exagère un peu: il y a d'autres mers que la Mer du Nord, et peut-être même des individus de toutes origines, cultures, langues, idéologies mais qui parta- gent les mêmes

  13. TALN 2003, Batz-sur-Mer, 1114 juin 2003 De la traduction probabiliste aux mmoires de traduction

    E-print Network

    Langlais, Philippe

    Etats généraux du multilinguisme dans les Outre-mer Actes des rencontres du 14 au 18 décembre 2011, Cayenne 1 L'emploi des langues en outre-mer : multilinguisme, plurilinguisme, pratiques individuelles est au moins hexagonale, probablement aussi nationale et qui déborde loin également dans les Outre-mer

  14. Didier BOTTINEAU, CNRS, UMR 7114 MoDyCo, Universit Paris X (Nanterre) didier.bottineau@wanadoo.fr

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    enchâssées dans des fonctions nominales, adjectivales ou adverbiales. Mais cette langue non de l'ensemble fondée sur une modélisation énonciative et cognitive. 1. Structures de conjugaison du personnel, le nombre et la fonction casuelle des syntagmes nominaux repris : ici eman « donné » (verbe non

  15. Views and Workshops of a Master's Class in Intercultural Competence: Mill's Model of Intercultural Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ioannitou, Gina

    2010-01-01

    This paper is the result of a participative process in which the students of the Master's Degree "Didactique des Langues" (foreign language didactics) at Universite du Maine (Le Mans, France) explored through whole-class activities the field of intercultural dialog and intercultural competence teaching. Our approach to intercultural teaching…

  16. Vaissire, J., (1997), "Phonological use of the larynx: a tutorial", Larynx 97, Marseille, 115-126. PHONOLOGICAL USE OF THE LARYNX

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1997-01-01

    Vaissière, J., (1997), "Phonological use of the larynx: a tutorial", Larynx 97, Marseille, 115-126. PHONOLOGICAL USE OF THE LARYNX J. Vaissière UPRESA-CNRS 1027, Institut de Phonétique, Paris, France RÉSUMÉ Cette communication concerne le rôle du larynx dans l'acte de communication. Toutes les langues du monde

  17. L'valuation objective des dysarthries : les mthodes acoustiques et arodynamiques

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .Il est modulé par les différentes constrictions du conduit vocal; celle des cordes vocales du larynx et " de bas en haut " : la musculature respiratoire, le larynx, le pharynx, le voile du palais, la langue, la mandibule et les lèvres (Figure 1). Le modèle acoustique Les vibrations du larynx se

  18. How Do Deaf Signers of LSQ and Their Teachers Construct the Meaning of a Written Text?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ducharme, D. A.; Arcand, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    Many studies have investigated why learning to read is so problematic for deaf individuals. However, we still know very little about how to teach reading to signing students. In this article, we report on an exploratory qualitative study of deaf LSQ (Langue des signes quebecoise) signers learning to read with two teachers, in an effort to better…

  19. Whether you want to improve your career, life or community, find what you're searching for at the

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    AtIONtEChNOLOGY sce-it.uwm.edu Web Design Web Development LANGuAGES sce-languages.uwm.edu English Language Learning Childhood Leadership ENGINEERING sce-eng.uwm.edu Dimensioning and Tolerancing Elastomer Technology Electrical Engineering Plastics Technology Six Sigma Black Belt Training Water Technology GOv

  20. La polyrfrentialit des vocables ganga et cuco (/a) Le constat de l'ambigut ?

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    La polyréférentialité des vocables ganga et cuco (/a) Le constat de l'ambiguïté ? Il n'est pas exemple, pour l'espagnol, langue que nous étudierons ici, le substantif ganga, d'une part, évoque aussi ganga et de cuco représente en sus une "espèce d'oiseau". La problématique est donc de savoir, dans ces

  1. Annexe 2 : Adresses de facturation Copies doubles avec marge

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    Activités Physiques et Sportives (UFR STAPS) Université Blaise Pascal Campus des Cézeaux - BP104 63172 Aubière 30 000 UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication (UFR LACC) Université Blaise Pascal 34, Sciences Sociales, Sciences de l'Education (UFR Psycho) Université Blaise Pascal 34, Avenue Carnot 63037

  2. Etats gnraux du multilinguisme dans les Outre-mer Actes des rencontres du 14 au 18 dcembre 2011, Cayenne

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Etats généraux du multilinguisme dans les Outre-mer Actes des rencontres du 14 au 18 décembre 2011, Cayenne 1 L'emploi des langues en outre-mer : multilinguisme, plurilinguisme, pratiques individuelles est au moins hexagonale, probablement aussi nationale et qui déborde loin également dans les Outre-mer

  3. This article was published in 2011 with the title/Cet article a t publi en 2011 sous le titre

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    sempozyum, 7-8-9 Kasi m 2008 - International symposium on Baghdad (madinat al-Salam) in the Islamic state sometimes * Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Paris (I would like2012 Author manuscript, published in "Baghdad (madinat al-Salam) in the Islamic Civilization

  4. "Automates" --2006/4/16 --11:20 --page 1 --#1 Automates finis

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mots-cl´es : automate, langage, expression rationnelle, reconnaissable, automate s´equentiel, industrie, notamment la mod´elisation et les industries de la langue. 1 Un bref historique La th´eorie des automates"Automates" -- 2006/4/16 -- 11:20 -- page 1 -- #1 i i i i i i i i Automates finis Jean- ´Eric Pin

  5. WHAT WILL PEOPLE SAY? SPEECH SYSTEM DESIGN AND LANGUAGE\\/CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristin Precoda; Robert J. Podesva

    This paper evaluates the effectiveness of three spe ech system design strategies in Pashto, a little-studied langu age of Afghanistan and Pakistan, drawing comparisons with English where possible. The strategies discussed are using (1) prompts at the ends of questions to constrain user responses, (2) specific lexical items in system prompts to encourage user e choing, and (3) introspection as

  6. Haskins Laboratories Status Report on Speech Research 1990, SR-101 /102, 14-27

    E-print Network

    In his famous course of lectures at the University of Geneva (1906-1911), de Saussure distinguished...only by virtue of a sort of contract signed by members ofacommunity" (de Saussure, 1966, p. 14). Language evolutionary terms. Chomsky made the necessary move by reformulating the langue-parole distinction

  7. Titre: PROBABILITES APPLIQUEES ET PROCESSUS STOCHASTIQUES

    E-print Network

    Lévêque, Olivier

    ; final grade = 80% exam + 10% midterm + 10% mini-project #12; PROCESSES Enseignant(s): OLIVER LEVEQUE Langue / language ENGLISH Section(s) enseignée(s) : Management when a stochastic process is a Markov chain - being able to model a system as a Markov chain - analyze

  8. UNE GENEALOGIE DES TECHNIQUES DE UNE LECTURE DE MICHEL FOUCAULT

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 UNE GENEALOGIE DES TECHNIQUES DE CONTROLE : UNE LECTURE DE MICHEL FOUCAULT Alain AMINTAS Maître adosser leurs fondations théoriques sur des auteurs nationaux comme Michel Foucault ou Jacques Derrida.2 particulièrement sur l'oeuvre de Michel FOUCAULT, dont la réception dans la communauté universitaire de langue

  9. Estudios interculturales Antagonismos, identidades y negociaciones

    E-print Network

    Parrott, Lael

    Estudios interculturales Antagonismos, identidades y negociaciones Juan C. Godenzzi (ed.) TINKUY Département de littératures et de langues modernes Université de Montréal #12;#12;Estudios interculturales de reflexión intelectual. En el primer caso, lo intercultural es un dato de la experiencia y alude

  10. De l'anaphore la corrlation, en passant par la subordination en hindi moderne Annie Montaut, INALCO (SeDyL, UMR8202)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -207 Abstract Indo-Aryan languages still display a strong correlative system, as was the case in Sanskrit where vivant aujourd'hui, hérité du Sanskrit où il constituait la seule manière d'exprimer les relations de cas en sanskrit, langue à l'origine de tous les parlers indo-aryens : Renou (1930), et surtout Minard

  11. L'Archive des origines Sanskrit, philologie, anthropologie dans l'Allemagne du XIXe sicle

    E-print Network

    L'Archive des origines Sanskrit, philologie, anthropologie dans l'Allemagne du XIXe siècle Par la langue et les textes sanskrits. 1804 Friedrich Schlegel entreprend d'étudier à Paris les manuscrits sanskrits de la Bibliothèque nationale. En vingt ans, un double déplacement s'est opéré : l

  12. ccsd00000445, Making diagrams speak,

    E-print Network

    raised by the presence of diagrams in a VIIth century Sanskrit mathematical com- mentary. Exploring di- agrammes dans un commentaire math#19;ematique en langue sanskrite datant du VII#18;eme si#18;ecle: A. Keller is a French CNRS researcher working on medieval sanskrit mathematics but also

  13. The Role of Women in Foreign-Language Textbooks: A Collection of Essays. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques" No. 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freudenstein, R., Ed.

    Essays that consider the way that women are portrayed in foreign language textbooks are presented. The selected essays were submitted to a competition sponsored by the Federation Internationale des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes, which requested that language teachers assess such concerns as: (1) whether women were described in a stereotyped way;…

  14. La parole, vue et prise par les etudiants (Speech as Seen and Understood by Student).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gajo, Laurent, Ed.; Jeanneret, Fabrice, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Articles on speech and second language learning include: "Les sequences de correction en classe de langue seconde: evitement du 'non' explicite" ("Error Correction Sequences in Second Language Class: Avoidance of the Explicit 'No'") (Anne-Lise de Bosset); "Analyse hierarchique et fonctionnelle du discours: conversations entre basketteurs a plus de…

  15. IFP offers three new process technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-11-23

    Institut Francais du Petrole is offering three new processing technologies for license, including one for isomerizing normal C[sub 4] olefins to isobutylene. The latter process, called ISO-4, provides an economically attractive way for refiners and ethylene manufacturers to convert fluid cat cracker and steam cracker C[sub 4] cuts to methyl tertiary butyl ether, says IFP. In ISO-4 units, the catalyst moves continuously down the reactor bed. When it reaches the bottom, it is removed from the reactor, regenerated, and returned to the top of the bed, all continuously. With a constant flow of fresh catalyst, operations can run several years without shutdown for catalyst regeneration, IFP claims. The ISO-4 catalyst is the same type as that used in IFP's octanizing process. The low attrition rate and thorough, continuous regeneration cycle of the Octanizing catalyst result in long service.

  16. First Analysis of the ?_5 Band of DNO_3 (deuterated Nitric Acid) in the 11 ?m Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koubek, J.; Perrin, A.; Beckers, H.; Willner, H.

    2009-06-01

    The infrared spectrum of DNO_3 (deuterated nitric acid) was recorded at high resolution (0.0018 cm ^{-1}) in the 800 -1400 cm ^{-1} region on the Bruker IFR 120 HR Fourier transform spectrometer of Wuppertal. The analysis of the ?_5 A-type band of DNO_3 centered at 887.656 cm ^{-1} was performed taking use of the ground state parameters achieved by Drouin et al. This band is perturbed by several resonances. [1] Drouin, Miller, Fry, Petkie, Helminger, Medvedev, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 236 (2006) 29-34 [2] Acknowledgment: The work was supported through the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (research program LC06071) and scholarship of the French government (Bourse du Gouvernement Francais - Bourse de Doctorat en co-tutelle).

  17. Concrete production floating platforms

    SciTech Connect

    Letourneur, O.; Falcimaigne, J.

    1981-01-01

    The floating production platforms operating in the North Sea are adapted from drilling semisubmersibles which allow only a limited payload capacity. Experience of concrete production platforms constructed for the North Sea has led Sea Tank Co. to propose a floating platform which offers large payload and oil storage capacities similar to those of existing fixed platforms. Sea Tank Co. and Institut Francais du Petrole joined forces in early 1976 to study the feasibility of a concrete floating production platform incorporating the structure and the production riser together. The results of this 3-yr program show that the concrete floating structure is economically attractive for permanent utilization on a production site. Furthermore, concrete has definite advantages over other materials, in its long term behavior.

  18. BECKETT ET LA PASSION MÉLANCOLIQUE: Une lecture de Comment c'est

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evelyne Grossmann

    2000-01-01

    Dans Comment c'est, Beckett poursuit le travail d'écriture inauguré avec L'Innommable et lui donne son expression la plus aiguë. Le corps de la phrase y est littéralement lacéré, des césures s'y découpent, des segments s'insèrent en incise: poésie prosaïque (plus que prose poétique) et joyeusement blasphématoire. La désarticulation-réarticulation rythmée d'un corps de langue y rejoue l'arrachement violent du mélancolique à

  19. Humain behavior

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le Dr.Muriel James est ingénieur, conseiller/consultant dans plusieurs commissions (p.ex.justice criminelle au Japon) et universités et est l'auteur de nombreux livres (11) traduits dans plusieurs langues. Le plus connu de ses ouvrages est "Born to win". Dans son exposé elle se réfère à son livre "O.K.Boss" et parle d'un modèle spécifique du comportement humain et de ses qualités essentielles qui est la base de son travail.

  20. Mmoire prsent en vue de l'obtention du grade de Docteur de l'Universit d'Angers

    E-print Network

    Mémoire présenté en vue de l'obtention du grade de Docteur de l'Université d'Angers Sous le label de l'Université Nantes Angers Le Mans Discipline : Langue et littérature française Spécialité'Université, Université d'Angers. Directrice de Thèse : Mme Anne-Simone DUFIEF, Professeur d'Université, Directrice du

  1. Chita pa bay: elementary readings in Haitian Creole with illustrated dictionary

    E-print Network

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2004-01-01

    [odewijk] F[rederik] Peleman, Gesproken Taal van Haïti met Verbeteringen en Aanvullingen / Ti Diksyonnè Kréyòl-Nélandè ak yon ti Dégi, rev. ed. Bryant C. Freeman. 1984, 1986. Bryant C. Freeman, Ti Koze Kreyòl: A Haitian-Creole Conversation Manual. 1987, 1994..., 2004. Pierre Vernet ak Bryant C. Freeman, Diksyonè Òtograf Kreyòl Ayisyen. 1988, 1997. Bryant C. Freeman, Dictionnaire inverse de la Langue créole haïtienne / Diksyonè lanvè Lang kreyòl ayisyen an. Pierre Vernet et Bryant C. Freeman, Dictionnaire...

  2. Comparative Psycholinguistics in the Study of Cultures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leon A. Jakobovits

    1966-01-01

    La Psycholinguistique comparée et l'étude de la culture. — L'A. décrit une série de recherches interculturelles qui ont été réalisées au Centre de Psycholin-guistique comparée de l'Université de l'Illinois. Le but de ces recherches était de trouver une forme polyculturelle du différentiateur sérnantique pour plus de 20 communautés qui different par la culture et la langue. Dans chacune d'elles, les

  3. The Festival at the Water Hole: Rousseau, Freud and Derrida on Incest

    E-print Network

    Fourny, Diane R.

    1990-06-01

    The Eighteenth Century, vol. 31, no. 2, 1990 THE FESTIVAL AT THE WATER HOLE: ROUSSEAU, FREUD, AND DERRIDA ON INCEST Diane R. Fourny The position of privilege that psychoanalytic theory continues to enjoy within literary critical discourse has..., that which cannot be said.3 In his reading of Rousseau's Essai sur I'origine des langues,4 Derrida indeed proceeds in the fashion of the analyst, utilizing a Freudian perspective on incest and prohibition to interpret, in part, Rousseau's argument for a...

  4. Ogmios 28

    E-print Network

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2006-01-01

    ........................................... 9 Pakistan’s Frontier Language Institute Website: latest updates ............................. 9 Linguistic Fieldwork Preparation: a guide for field linguists ........................................ 10 elf: Observatoire "Économie-Langues- Formation... of Southern Africa) realised that tourism represented both threat and opportunity. A San chief, Mathambo, said that tourism is like a raging bull in a village; if you don't capture it, it will destroy the village. And the !Khwa ttu centre is an attempt...

  5. Validation de la traduction de l'Inventaire d'épuisement professionnel de Maslach et Jackson

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GUYLAINE DION; RÉJEAN TESSIER

    1994-01-01

    Cette étude porte sur la validation d'une traduction, en langue française, de l'Inventaire d'épuisement professionnel de Maslach et Jackson (MBI) auprès de deux échantillons québécois de 260 éducatrices en garderie et de 123 infirmières. Les indices de consistance interne, de stabilité temporelle, de validité factorielle, de validité de convergence et de validité hypothético-déductive confirment les qualités psychométriques de la traduction.

  6. Humain behavior

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2006-05-04

    Le Dr.Muriel James est ingénieur, conseiller/consultant dans plusieurs commissions (p.ex.justice criminelle au Japon) et universités et est l'auteur de nombreux livres (11) traduits dans plusieurs langues. Le plus connu de ses ouvrages est "Born to win". Dans son exposé elle se réfère à son livre "O.K.Boss" et parle d'un modèle spécifique du comportement humain et de ses qualités essentielles qui est la base de son travail.

  7. A dictionary of Astronomy for the French Sign Language (LSF)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Proust, Dominique; Abbou, Daniel; Chab, Nasro

    2011-06-01

    Since a few years, the french deaf communauty have access to astronomy at Paris-Meudon observatory through a specific teaching adapted from the French Sign Language (Langue des Signes Françcaise, LSF) including direct observations with the observatory telescopes. From this experience, an encyclopedic dictionary of astronomy The Hands in the Stars is now available, containing more than 200 astronomical concepts. Many of them did not existed in Sign Language and can be now fully expressed and explained.

  8. En philosophie, l'universit Paris-Sorbonne, dj les penseurs indiens le passionnaient... Et c'est tout naturellement qu'Alexandre Papas s'est orient vers l'histoire, celle de l'Islam, non sans avoir

    E-print Network

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    'est « tout naturellement » qu'Alexandre Papas s'est orienté vers l'histoire, celle de l'Islam, non sans avoir un travail plus ethnographique sur l'Islam d'aujourd'hui: d'une part sur les Salars, au Tibet, « une langue française sur le monde musulman décerné en 2006 par l'Institut d'études de l'Islam et des sociétés

  9. Qui sera le nouvel Einstein ? Vers une nouvelle theorie de la gravitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonnet-Bidaud, J. M.

    1999-10-01

    Un debat de plus d'un siecle a resurgi ces toutes dernieres annees avec une vigueur nouvelle. L'enjeu ? Mettre fin, ni plus ni moins, a l'une des contradictions les plus inouies de la physique fondamentale, en reconciliant mecanique quantique et relativite generale. En effet, a l'heure ou la gravitation semble enfin sur le point de fusionner avec les trois autres forces de la nature. il est certain que la relativite d'Einstein doit etre bientot remplacer par une autre theorie... Reste quye tous les physiciens sont loin de s'accorder sur la marche a suivree. Gravitation quantique, relativite d'echelle, supersymetrie, les candidates ne manquent pas.

  10. Unitarity of exclusive quark combination model: Exotic hadron production, entropy change and charmonium production for colour-singlet many-quark system

    E-print Network

    LI Shi-Yuan

    2011-05-31

    Confinement indicates an asymptotic quark state not observable except its energy is zero. Unitarity indicates that the total probability of a definite state of quark system to transit to any final state is exactly one. This talk reviews some important conclusions/predictions from the basic properties like unitarity of the combination model, as addressed by the title. We also in the Postscript section address the bottom quark energy loss. In the discussions around the dinner table in the Rencontre, the author combined the large transverse momentum J/Psi suppression and the contribution to J/Psi by B decay in large transverse momentum, made the expectation that bottom quark energy loss could be quite similar as light quark for b quark transverse momentum enough larger than b quark mass. This refers to the physical picture of the jet-medium interaction introduced in la Rencontre de l'annee derniere.

  11. A Metrical Summery of the Saddharma-pundarika Sutra in Gostana-Desa

    E-print Network

    Bailey, H. W.

    of the Gostana and Tumshuq manuscripts. It is related to the language of Sogdiana and the Persian further west and therefore stands in some such relation to Sanskrit as a sister language. But in its course as a langu­ aJa of civilisation largely Indian... complete, others onl~' in fragmentary texts. These testify to the existence of iii copious literature among the Saka, The sacred service of the upasampada, the karmavacana was in the Indian language (E 13,36 himduvanana hauna), but they were aware...

  12. Bheja as a Strategic Culture Convention: Community Resource Management in the Barha Magarat

    E-print Network

    Dhakal, Suresh

    1996-01-01

    on is not related l the world ex terna l to the soci ety but to the 'interna l co n titution of the oc icty' . It gives the member of the society confidence; it also dispe ls their anx ietie ; it di ciplin es their so cial orga nizatio n, • Langue 'e Issues in Nepal... forms of disparities. Each and every household of the cluster is supposed to be a member. No specific quality or criterion has to he fulfilled to become a member. hut exclusion leads to social ostracrsm, a pariah status. A member may he suspended, purged...

  13. Development of a New Stratigraphic Trap Exploration Using Elastic-Wave Seismic Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Bryan DeVault

    2008-02-05

    Vecta acquired 9 square miles of 9-C seismic data in Mountrail County, North Dakota with the Mission Canyon shoreline as a primary target. Vecta contracted the Institute Francais du Petrole in order to co-develop a more rigorous multicomponent seismic interpretation product. The final interpretation was very unique in that it utilized not only the 9-C seismic data but also the new jointly developed software. A Mission Canyon anomaly was developed in 2006; however, it was of insufficient size to be a commercial target at the time. Therefore, Vecta analyzed the shear data for anisotropy within the Bakken formation and successfully reentered an abandoned producer within the project area and drilled a horizontal leg through the anomalous zones of the middle member of the Bakken formation. The well was open hole completed, swab tested, sand fraced, and swab tested some more. No shows of oil were ever seen from the Bakken formation, but the well yielded considerable amounts of formation water. The well has been abandoned as non-commercial. From the swab tests, one may conclude considerable permeability exists in the formation, thus confirming the utility of the shear wave to detect fractures within the targeted formation.

  14. Geologic and structural map of eastern Asia

    SciTech Connect

    Letouzey, J.; Sage, L.

    1986-07-01

    A synthesis of the onshore and offshore geologic data of eastern Asia, prepared by the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), has allowed the construction of geologic and structural maps for this region. These maps include three color sheets (scale = 1:2.5 million) and three plates of geologic and structural cross sections. Located between lat. 4/sup 0/ and 35/sup 0/N, and long. 106/sup 0/ and 132/sup 0/E, the maps cover the following geographic areas: East and South China Sea, Sulu Sea, West Philippine basin and onshore neighboring terrains, Kyushu and Ryukyu Islands, the China margin, Taiwan Island, Vietnam, North West Borneo, and the Philippines. The maps synthesize seismic interpretations, oil well data, geologic work in south Japan, Taiwan, Borneo, and the Philippines, and recent data published between 1976 and 1985. Twenty-four geologic cross sections (scale = 1:1.25 million, vertical exaggeration x 6) intersect ocean margins, important basins, and the different structural domains. They are based on seismic profiles, well data, and available onshore and offshore geologic data. These cross sections show basement composition and structures, different tectonic and sedimentary domains, and the structure and thickness of different sedimentary deposits (such as age, unconformities, and geologic structures). Maps and cross sections will be published in early 1987.

  15. Satisfaction survey in general hospital personnel involved in blood transfusion: implementation of the ISO 9001: 2000 standard.

    PubMed

    Chord-Auger, S; Tron de Bouchony, E; Moll, M C; Boudart, D; Folléa, G

    2004-10-01

    As part of its policy of constant quality improvement, Etablissement francais du sang (EFS) des pays de la Loire (Pays de la Loire Regional Blood Transfusion Centre) carried out a satisfaction survey among the hospital personnel involved in prescribing and using immunohaematological tests and labile blood products (LBP). The polling tool selected by agreement between the Saint Nazaire's hospital management and Quality Assurance (QA) Department was a questionnaire that permitted item rating and free commentary. It addressed the personnel's perception of the quality of erythrocyte immunohaematological (EIH) testing and of the products administered, as well as their perception of the quality of communications with the local EFS. The questionnaire was sent to 26 physicians and 32 senior nurses in 15 hospital departments. The reply rate was 60% and expressed an 85% overall satisfaction level. Dissatisfaction causes were more specifically analysed, the main one involving LBP distribution in emergency situations. A joint undertaking by the EFS and the hospital led to the implementation of corrective measures, including the writing and implementation of a common standard operating procedure for emergency transfusion management. The results obtained demonstrated the feasibility of this type of survey and the interest, to a blood transfusion centre and the hospital personnel involved in transfusion, of assessing their very own perception of service quality. PMID:15564097

  16. Oil spill detector device studied

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    Nereides S.A., France, has commissioned the Institute Francais du Petrole (IFP) to study a membrane called IFP FUSE, which is capable of dissolution by hydrocarbons enabling the user to reliably and inexpensively detect oil spills at sea, in lakes, in rivers, and in rainwater. The membrane is stretched between two springs, which hold open a magnetic circuit breaker, and the entire unit is partially submerged in water. On contact with hydrocarbons, the membrane dissolves and frees the spring tension, thus transmitting a 48 h alarm through cable or radiowave. The membrane is made of thin film (0.1 mm), stable to water and air and highly sensitive to most hydrocarbons, crude oil, and refined products. Dissolution time in thin layers, depending on the hydrocarbon, is 5 sec to 13 min for crude oil, gas oil and domestic fuel, kerosene, isooctane, benzene, toluene, xylene, chlorinated solvents, and acetone. The membrane, guaranteed for three months, can be installed on oil terminals, airplane-launched buoys, and small floats.

  17. [Computerization of hospital blood banks in France].

    PubMed

    Daurat, G; Py, J-Y

    2012-11-01

    In France, most blood products are delivered by the établissement francais du sang, directly to the recipients, and hospital blood banks deliver a minor part, but are independent from it. However that may be, hospital blood banks are hazardous activities regarding to recipients, blood products, blood supply of the hospital and regional blood supply. Because of the high risk level, a computerized information system is compulsory for all hospital blood banks, except for those only devoted to vital emergency transfusion. On the field, the integration of computerization in the different processes is very heterogeneous. So, it has been decided to publish guidelines for computerizing hospital blood banks information systems and production management. They have been built according to risk assessment and are intended to minimize those risks. The principle is that all acquisition and processing of data about recipients or blood products and tracking, must be fully computerized and that the result of all manual processes must be checked by computer before proceeding to the next step. The guidelines list the different processes and, for each of them, the functions the software must play. All together, they form the basic level all hospital blood banks should reach. Optional functions are listed. Moreover, the guidelines are also aimed to be a common tool for regional health authorities who supervise hospital blood banks. PMID:23039955

  18. Oil viscosity limitation on dispersibility of crude oil under simulated at-sea conditions in a large wave tank.

    PubMed

    Trudel, Ken; Belore, Randy C; Mullin, Joseph V; Guarino, Alan

    2010-09-01

    This study determined the limiting oil viscosity for chemical dispersion of oil spills under simulated sea conditions in the large outdoor wave tank at the US National Oil Spill Response Test Facility in New Jersey. Dispersant effectiveness tests were completed using crude oils with viscosities ranging from 67 to 40,100 cP at test temperature. Tests produced an effectiveness-viscosity curve with three phases when oil was treated with Corexit 9500 at a dispersant-to-oil ratio of 1:20. The oil viscosity that limited chemical dispersion under simulated at-sea conditions was in the range of 18,690 cP to 33,400 cP. Visual observations and measurements of oil concentrations and droplet size distributions in the water under treated and control slicks correlated well with direct measurements of effectiveness. The dispersant effectiveness versus oil viscosity relationship under simulated at sea conditions at Ohmsett was most similar to those from similar tests made using the Institut Francais du Pétrole and Exxon Dispersant Effectiveness (EXDET) test methods. PMID:20723943

  19. Manifestation of nonlinear elasticity in rock: Convincing evidence over large frequency and strain intervals from laboratory studies

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, P.A. [EES-4, MS D443, Los Alamos Natl. Lab., Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)]|[Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bureau des Mecaniques, Tour 22, 4, Pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Rasolofosaon, P.N.J. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison Cedex (France)

    1995-11-01

    Nonlinear elastic response in rock is established as a robust and representative characteristic of rock rather than a curiosity. This behavior is illustrated from a variety of experiments conducted over many orders of magnitude in strain and frequency. The evidence leads to a pattern of unifying behavior in rock: (1) Nonlinear response in rock is enormous; (2) the response takes place over a large frequency interval (dc--10{sup 6} Hz at least); (3) the response not only occurs, as is commonly appreciated, at large strains but also at small strains where nonlinear response and the manifestations of this behavior are commonly disregarded. Nonlinear response may manifest itself in a variety of manners, including a nonlinear stress{minus}strain relation (hysteretic/discrete memory), nonlinear dissipation, harmonic generation, and resonant peak shift, all of which are related. The experiments described include: quasistatic stress{minus}strain tests (strains of 10{sup -4}--10{sup -1} at frequencies near dc-1Hz); torsional oscillator experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}7}, frequencies between 0.1 and 100Hz); resonant bar experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}8}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 4} Hz); and dynamic, propagating wave experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}6}--10{sup {minus}9}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 6} Hz). [Work supported by OBES/DOE through the University of California and the Institut Francais du Petrole.

  20. Engelhard and IFP/Procatalyse set up worldwide catalysts venture

    SciTech Connect

    Hunter, D.

    1992-12-02

    The new joint venture between Engelhard (Iselin, N) and Procatalyse (Paris), jointly owned by process licenser Institut Francais de Petrole (IFP; Rueil Malmaison, France) and Rhone-Poulenc (RP; Paris), marks the latest episode in the worldwide catalyst industry's restructuring. The operation will combine Engelhard's catalyst line, apart from its fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) and emission catalysts, with Procatalyse's offering. To be launched at the beginning of 1993, the venture will have annual sales of about $75 million. Reforming catalysts will be the biggest part of the venture's lineup at the outset, making it number three in the US, behind UOP - which dominates the sector - and Criterion. IFP is starting to establish a presence in North America with its reforming technology. But flat gasoline demand and reductions on aromatics in gasoline limit requirements for new reforming units, comments one competitor. Although lower sulfur specifications are putting some new demand into the hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalyst market, both partners play down their prospects. The sector, whose leaders are Akzo and Crtierion, is continuing to suffer from severe overcapacity. Procatalyse's HDS business is mainly linked to IFP licensees, while Engelhard is due to mothball its Salt Lake City HDS catalyst plant by year-end, transferring output to Elyria.

  1. Sur la nature des absorbeurs dans l'interpretation transactionnelle de la mecanique quantique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boisvert, Jean-Sebastien

    L'interpretation transactionnelle de la mecanique quantique est l'une des plus recentes propositions de description des phenomenes du microcosme. En accord avec les predictions de la mecanique quantique standard, l'interpretation transactionnelle propose une alternative a celle de Copenhague. Son principal avantage est qu'elle permet de visualiser les mecanismes sous-jacents a l'echange d'energie, de quantite de mouvement ou d'autres quantites quantiques entre un emetteur et un absorbeur. Ces echanges sont le resultat, a l'instar de la theorie de l'absorbeur de Wheeler et Feynman, de l'utilisation autant d'ondes avancees que retardees. Bien que l'interpretation transactionnelle n'ait pas attire la plus grande attention scientifique, plusieurs critiques lui ont ete adressees. Dans les annees 1990, differentes experiences a mesure sans interaction ont ete concues. Depuis, il a ete avance que la version originale de l'interpretation transactionnelle pouvait difficilement rendre compte de ce type d'experience et meme qu'elle n'est pas compatible avec le concept d'univers quadridimensionnel. La recherche de ce memoire par article consiste a montrer que lorsque l'on utilise systematiquement l'interpretation transactionnelle en considerant la configuration totale des absorbeurs (incluant l'absorbeur universel), il n'est pas necessaire de faire appel a une hierarchie de transactions comme certains l'ont propose.

  2. Dynamics of one-dimensional and two-dimensional helium adsorbed on carbon nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diallo, S. O.; k, B. Få; Adams, M. A.; Vilches, O. E.; Johnson, M. R.; Schober, H.; Glyde, H. R.

    2009-12-01

    We present inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the dynamics of helium adsorbed on carbon nanotube bundles. The goal is to determine the vibrational properties of the 1D and 2D quantum solids that are stabilized on the nanotube bundle surfaces at different fillings of 4He. The mean square vibrational amplitude in the 1D solid is large with a Lindemann ratio of ?1D=(langu2rang)1/2/a1=0.25 comparable to bulk solid 4He. The ?2D is significantly smaller. The frequency density of states of the 2D solid, g(?), has a gap at ?sime 0.75 meV consistent with a commensurate lattice. The 1D solid has no gap or a gap smeared by disorder. The 1D and 2D g(?) are well described by dispersion curves having no gap and a gap, respectively, with some vibration along additional dimensions indicated.

  3. The 1994 EUROMET collection of micrometeorites at Cap-Prudhomme, Antarctica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maurette, M.; Immel, G.; Engrand, C.; Kurat, G.; Pillinger, C. T.

    1994-07-01

    Advance funding from IFRTP (Institut Francais pour la Recherche et pour la Technique Polaire) for micrometeorite collection at Cap-Prudhomme has allowed construction of a new micrometeorite 'factory,' conceived to greatly reduce contamination of the ultraclean ice by our activities. The potential problems include fly ash, rust grains, fuel spills 'sticking to the shoes,' and trace elements from the plasticizers used in plastic tubing. In the new factory, intended to produce and then cycle 10-15 tons of melt ice water per day, all parts exposed to water were replaced by either stainless steel or teflon. After examination with a microscope and their transfer into teflon and or glass vials, all samples were frozen the day of their collection. The factory operated from December 15, 1993, through February 6, 1994. Problems included injuries as well as very bad weather conditions, characterized by both the heaviest snow falls observed and unexpected gusts from a blizzard. Also, several new components of the factory did not function properly under the extreme conditions of Antarctica. Our major objective was to obtain the 'cleanest' and 'purest' 25-50 microns micrometeorites ever collected in Antarctica, for comparison with stratospheric Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs). We could not fulfill this premise, but we recovered the best 100-400-micron-size fraction of 'giant' micrometeorites ever collected on Earth. Our 26 daily collections are listed,refering to an 'index of quality.' Aliquots of these daily collections will be distributed to major institutions in Austria, England, the U.S.A., and Japan, to be preserved for future generations. The Antarctica ice sheet is truly a gigantic, ultraclean, and inexhaustible micrometeorite collector, but it is very tricky to recover 'ultraclean' micrometeorites from it.

  4. Characterization of Saharan dust properties transported towards Europe in the frame of the FENNEC project: a case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marnas, F.; Chazette, P.; Flamant, C.; Royer, P.; Sodemman, H.; Derimian, Y.

    2012-04-01

    In the framework of the FENNEC experiment (6 to 30 June 2011) an effort has been dedicated to characterize Saharan dust plumes transported towards southern Europe. Hence, a multi instrumented field campaign has been conducted. Ground based nitrogen Raman LIDAR (GBNRL) has been deployed in southern Spain close to Marbella, simultaneously with airborne lidar (AL) performing measurements over both the tropical Atlantic Ocean and the western Africa (from 2 to 23 June). The GBNRL was equipped with co-polar and cross-polar channels to perform continuous measurements of the dust aerosols trapped in the troposphere. It was developed by LSCE with the support of the LEOSPHERE Company. The French FALCON 20 research aircraft operated by SAFIRE (Service des Avions Francais Instrumentés pour la Recherche en Environnement) carried the AL Leandre Nouvelle Generation (LNG) as well as a dropsonde releasing system and radiometers. A major, one week long, dust event has been sampled over Spain from 25 June to 1 July with high optical depth (>0.5 at 355nm) and particular depolarization ratios (15 to 25%). Backtrajectory studies suggest that the dust particles observed were from dust uplifts that occurred in Southern Morocco and Northern Mauritania. The event has been also documented 3 days before by the AL flying over Mauritania. AERONET sunphotometer measurements of aerosol properties, along the dust plume transport path appear to be coherent with both the lidar and the backtrajectory analysis. These analysis exhibit a likely major contribution from the Western Sahara sources to the Southern Europe. Such a contribution may impact the visibility and then the airtrafic, modify the tropospheric chemistry, and add nutrients to both the Mediterranean Sea and the continental surfaces. It can also affect the health of European populations. We will present strategy of the experiment and the case study built from measurements performed at the end of June.

  5. Utilisation de l'essai comete et du biomarqueur gamma-H2AX pour detecter les dommages induits a l'ADN cellulaire par le 5-bromodeoxyuridine post-irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    La Madeleine, Carole

    Ce memoire est presente a la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante de l'Universite de Sherbrooke en vue de l'obtention du grade de maitre es sciences (M.Sc.) en radiobiologie (2009). Un jury a revise les informations contenues dans ce memoire. Il etait compose de professeurs de la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante soit : Darel Hunting PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Leon Sanche PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Richard Wagner PhD, membre du programme (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie) et Guylain Boissonneault PhD, membre exterieur au programme (departement de biochimie). Le 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), un analogue halogene de la thymidine reconnu depuis les annees 60 comme etant un excellent radiosensibilisateur. L'hypothese la plus repandue au sujet de l'effet radio sensibilisant du BrdU est qu'il augmente le nombre de cassures simple et double brin lorsqu'il est incorpore dans l'ADN de la cellule et expose aux radiations ionisantes. Toutefois, de nouvelles recherches semblent remettre en question les observations precedentes. Ces dernieres etudes ont confirme que le BrdU est un bon radiosensibilisateur, car il augmente les dommages radio-induits dans l'ADN. Mais, c'est en etant incorpore dans une region simple brin que le BrdU radiosensibilise l'ADN. Ces recherches ont egalement revele pour la premiere fois un nouveau type de dommages produits lors de l'irradiation de l'ADN contenant du BrdU : les dimeres interbrins. Le but de ces travaux de recherche est de determiner si la presence de bromodeoxyuridine dans l'ADN augmente l'induction de bris simple et / ou double brin chez les cellules irradiees en utilisant de nouvelles techniques plus sensibles et specifiques que celles utilisees auparavant. Pour ce faire, les essais cometes et la detection des foci H2AX phosphorylee pourraient permettre d'etablir les effets engendres par le BrdU au niveau cellulaire. Notre hypothese (basee sur des resultats preliminaires effectues dans notre laboratoire) est que l'irradiation de l'ADN cellulaire en presence de BrdU augmentera le nombre de bris simple brin sans toutefois augmenter le nombre de bris double brin. Les resultats presentes dans ce memoire semblent corroborer cette hypothese. Les nouvelles methodes d'analyse, soient l'essai comete et la detection des foci gamma-H2AX remettent en question ce qui a ete dit sur le BrdU au sujet de l'induction des cassures double brin depuis plusieurs annees. L'ensemble de ces nouveaux resultats effectue a l'aide de cellules ayant incorporees du BrdU sont en correlation avec de precedents resultats obtenus dans notre laboratoire sur des oligonucleotides bromes. Ils reaffirment que l'irradiation combinee au BrdU augmente l'induction de bris simple brin mais pas de bris double brin. L'investigation approfondie des mecanismes d'action non elucides du BrdU au niveau cellulaire et son utilisation a des moments strategiques pendant le traitement de radiotherapie pourraient accroitre son efficacite a des fins d'utilisation clinique. Mots cles : 5-bromodeoxyuridine, dimeres interbrins, dommage a l'ADN, essai comete, H2AX, radiosensibilisateur, radiotherapie

  6. Motivational beliefs, cognitive engagement, and achievement in language and mathematics in elementary school children.

    PubMed

    Metallidou, Panagiota; Vlachou, Anastasia

    2007-02-01

    The contextual differences in the patterns of relations among various motivational, cognitive, and metacognitive components of self-regulated learning and performance in two key curriculum subject areas, language and mathematics, were examined in a sample of 263 Greek primary school children of fifth- and sixth-grade classrooms. Age and gender differences were also investigated. Students were asked to complete the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ), which comprised five factors: (a) Self-efficacy, (b) Intrinsic Value, (c) Test Anxiety, (d) Cognitive Strategy Use, and (e) Self-regulation Strategies. They responded to the statements of the questionnaire on a 7-point Likert scale in terms of their behaviour in mathematics and language classes, respectively. Moreover, their teachers were asked to evaluate each of their students' academic achievement in Greek language and mathematics on a 1- to 20-point comparative scale in relation to the rest of the class. The results of the study indicated very few differences in the pattern of relations among self-regulated components within and across the two subject areas and at the same time revealed a context-specific character of self-regulated components at a mean level differences. Further, the current study (a) confirmed the mediatory role of strategies in the motivation-performance relation, (b) stressed the differential role of cognitive and regulatory strategies in predicting performance in subject areas that differ in their structural characteristics of the content, and (c) pointed out the key motivational role of self-efficacy. In fact, self-efficacy proved the most significant predictor not only of performance but of cognitive and regulatory strategy use as well. Gender differences in motivation and strategy use were not reported, while motivation was found to vary mainly with age. The usefulness of these findings for promoting greater clarity among motivational and metacognitive frameworks and ideas for future research are discussed. Cette étude porte sur les différences contextuelles dans les patrons relationnels entre les diverses composantes motivationnelle, cognitive et métacognitive de l'apprentissage et de la performance auto-régulés dans deux domaines d'étude clé du programme, soit la langue et les mathématiques. Ces différences contextuelles ont été examinées dans un échantillon de 263 d'enfants d'une école primaire grecque (of) en cinquième et sixième année. Les différences sexuelles et les différences d'âge ont été aussi étudiées. Les élèves ont été priés de compléter le «Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire» (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ) qui comprend cinq facteurs: (a) l'auto-efficacité, (b) la valeur intrinsèque, (c) un test d'anxiété, (d) l'utilisation d'une stratégie cognitive et (e) les stratégies d'auto-régulation. Ils ont répondu aux énoncés du questionnaire sur une échelle de type Likert à 7 points en termes de leur comportement en classe de langue et en classe de mathématiques séparément. De plus, les enseignants ont été priés d'évaluer chaque résultat de leurs élèves dans la langue grecque et en mathématique sur une échelle allant de 1 à 20 points en comparaison au reste de la classe. Les résultats de l'étude ont indiqué très peu de différences dans les patrons relationnels entre les composantes auto-régulées à l'intérieur et entre les domaines d'étude. En même temps, les résultats ont révélé un caractère contextuel spécifique des composantes auto-regulées. De plus, la présente étude (a) a confirmé le rôle médiateur des stratégies dans la relation motivation-performance, (b) a souligné le rôle différé des stratégies cognitive et régulatoire dans la prédiction de la performance dans les domaines d'étude qui diffèrent dans leurs caractéristiques structurelles du contenu et (c) a souligné le rôle motivationnel clé de l'auto-efficacité. En effet, l'auto-efficacité s'est avérée être le prédicteur le plus sign

  7. Sites internet

    PubMed

    Couderc

    2000-07-01

    http://biotribune.com/ Biotribune.com ou la biologie medicale sur internet. Ce site est concu comme un portail sur la biologie clinique. Accueil d'internautes sur une page comportant, entre autres, les rubriques : actualite, evenements, revue des connaissances, rubrique juridique et petites annonces. Biotribune propose regulierement des dossiers rediges par des specialistes comportant une mise a jour des connaissances orientee sur l'interet diagnostique des tests de biologie clinique. Le site propose egalement une revue de presse scientifique avec des resumes courts d'articles parus dans les grands journaux internationaux tels que The Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine, Science, etc. Vous pouvez aussi y tester vos connaissances grace a des cas cliniques et des QCM. Ce site propose egalement des petites annonces pratiques pour les laboratoires de ville (remplacement, materiel d'occasion, etc.). Les problemes touchant l'assurance qualite, les RMO et la nomenclature font egalement l'objet d'information et de commentaires. Enfin, vous pourrez vous inscrire a l'un des forums proposes : discussion biomedicale ou opinion et reaction sur les sujets touchant au professionnel de la biologie medicale. En conclusion, un site complet et agreable que l'on souhaite voir s'enrichir et se renouveler regulierement. http://www.arcol.asso.fr Site du Comite francais de coordination de recherche sur l'atherosclerose et le cholesterol (Arcol). Ce site s'adresse a la fois aux cliniciens, aux biologistes et aux non-specialistes interesses par la pathologie cardio-vasculaire et ses traitements. On y trouve des rubriques tres didactiques sur la physiopathologie et les facteurs de risque de l'atherosclerose, la prise en charge nutritionnelle et medicamenteuse des patients. On peut tester ses connaissances a l'aide des nombreux cas cliniques richement commentes. Ce site regulierement mis a jour contient egalement les recommandations nationales et internationales sur la prise en charge du patient hyperlipidemique. On y trouve, bien sur, toutes les rubriques telles que : agenda des congres, lien avec les autres sites web, bibliographie, etc. Un index par mots cles permet une recherche efficace. Un site indispensable a consulter pour tous ceux qui s'interessent aux lipoproteines et a l'atherosclerose. n R. Couderc PMID:10932060

  8. Feedback on the use of the MX6 Mox Fuel transport cask: reduction of the dose uptake during operations

    SciTech Connect

    Blachet, L.; Lallemant, Th. [TN International, AREVA Group, 78 - Montigny le Bretonneux (France)

    2007-07-01

    In the framework of the quality, safety and environment policy of AREVA, TN International has implemented a global management system according to ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001 requirements with certification obtained from third part organization (1). The design of the MX6 cask is an example of the implementation of this system in order to guarantee safety and the health of everyone involved and the protection of the environment. The MX6 design has allowed ALARA dose rates for the workers during all the phases of use of the cask, to be significantly reduced compared to previous design. The MX6 cask was developed by TN International for the transport of either BWR or PWR fresh MOX fuel assemblies. Replacing the previous SIEMENS type III and SIEMENS BWR packaging, the MX6 has been firstly used in the German Nuclear Power Plants. Complying with the TS-R-1 (IAEA 1996) regulations, the MX6 cask is based on innovative solutions implemented at each step of the design and the manufacturing. Its design includes an efficient neutron shielding for high Plutonium content and an easy use content restraining system. The large payload of the MX6 cask, 6 PWR MOX fuel assemblies or 16 BWR MOX fuel assemblies, minimizes the doses uptake during its unloading at the NPP. Moreover, new sequences of loading and unloading operations were proposed for testing and implementation in each Nuclear Facility. Concurrently, total dose uptakes by the operators were assessed in order to prove the efficiency of the packaging and the proposed sequences. In this paper, the main contributors to the transports to Germany with the MX6 cask will present their involvement and feedback for the reduction of the dose uptakes by the operators during the loading and unloading operations. Presently in use at GUNDREMMINGEN and ISAR Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs), the MX6 cask use will be extended to other German and Swiss NPPs from 2006 onwards. (1) AFAQ-AFNOR Certification for ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001, and CEFRI (Comite francais de certification des Entreprises pour la formation et le suivi du personnel travaillant sous Rayonnements Ionisants) certification in the health physics field according to its E specification. (authors)

  9. Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques de la population de l'aire de santé SAMBWA en rapport avec le traitement de l'onchocercose à l'ivermectine sous directives communautaires

    PubMed Central

    Philippe, Cilundika Mulenga; Bienvenu, Yogolelo Asani; Francoise, Malonga Kaj; Eric, Mukomena Sompwe; Abdon, Mukalay wa Mukalay; Luboya, Oscar Numbi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction L'onchocercose constitue un problème majeur de santé publique et l'on a noté environ 13 millions de personnes affectées et 26 millions exposées au cours de l'année 2012 en RDC. L'objectif de notre étude est fournir les données sur le niveau de connaissance, d'attitudes et des pratiques de la communauté huit ans après le lancement de la distribution de l'ivermectine sous directives communautaires. Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude descriptive transversale dans la communauté de l'aire de santé SAMBWA de la zone de santé de KAFUBU. La population cible de l’étude est toute personne de la communauté âgée de 15 à 65 ans. Les paramètres étudiés sont: âge, niveau d'instruction, connaissance de la maladie en langue locale et des signes, attitudes devant les personnes atteintes, perception de la maladie, utilisation des pratiques traditionnelles, association entre le niveau d'instruction et la connaissance de savoir si l'on peut suivre un traitement. Résultats La moyenne d’âge des répondants était de 38±14 ans et 67,54% des enquêtés étaient de niveau primaire. L’étude a montré que 99,53% des répondants connaissaient le terme onchocercose en langue locale (UBUMFUKU) et un niveau moyen de connaissance en ce qui concerne les lésions de la peau (66,9%) était noté. 1,9% des répondants craignaient les personnes atteintes et 42,2% des répondants percevaient l'onchocercose comme une maladie. Une proportion de 55% qui prenaient les plantes comme médicament. Il y avait association significative entre le niveau d'instruction et la connaissance de suivre un traitement contre l'onchocercose (p: 0,008). Conclusion Ces résultats interpellent en ce qui concerne la sensibilisation de la communauté sur l'onchocercose. Les stratégies de lutte contre l'onchocercose devraient prendre en compte ces différentes insuffisances de la communauté pour améliorer le traitement des masses par l'ivermectine tant au niveau du ménage que des coordinations de programme de lutte. PMID:25932069

  10. Le changement comme tradition dans la recherche et la formation a la recherche en biotechnologie et en peripherie Etude de cas en sciences de la sante, sciences naturelles et genie

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bourque, Claude Julie

    Le champ de la recherche scientifique et de la formation a la recherche est traverse depuis quelques dizaines d'annees par plusieurs courants et discours associes au changement, mais peu de travaux empiriques permettent de comprendre ce qui change concretement. C'est la contribution originale de cette these au champ de l'education, plus specifiquement a l'etude sociologique de l'enseignement superieur ou sont concentrees les activites liees a la triade thematique du programme doctoral dans lequel elle a ete produite : recherche, formation et pratique. L'enquete-terrain a ete realisee en 2009 et 2010 aupres de 808 repondants affilies a 60 etablissements au Quebec et a produit un vaste materiau de nature mixte (donnees quantitatives et qualitatives). Un portrait de la nebuleuse biotechnologique qui touche les secteurs des sciences de la sante, des sciences naturelles et du genie a ete realise. Ce domaine concerne des dizaines de disciplines et se revele de nature transdisciplinaire, mais les pratiques n'y sont pas davantage marquees par le changement que celles d'autres domaines connexes. Les dynamiques sociales ont fait l'objet d'analyses comparatives dans quatre contextes: le choix des programmes, des objets et des methodes, le financement, la diffusion et la planification de la carriere. Les resultats indiquent que les echanges entre les agents traditionnellement situes au coeur des activites de recherche dominent ces dynamiques dans tous les contextes etudies. L'etude des representations au fondement des pratiques a revele l'existence de trois ecoles de pensee qui coexistent dans le champ scientifique: academique, pragmatique et economiste. Ces ecoles permettent de categoriser les agents en fonction des zones de fractures qui marquent leurs oppositions tout en identifiant ce qu'ils ont en commun. Les representations et les pratiques liees a la formation temoignent d'un habitus plutot homogene, alors que les contradictions semblent plus souvent ancrees dans des luttes universitaires que scientifiques, concentrees sur la negociation du capital scientifique, symbolique et economique en jeu dans la formation doctorale, dans les carrieres auxquelles elle mene, et dans les qualites du titre de Ph.D. Au final, la confusion entre des logiques opposees peut etre reduite en reinterpretant le changement comme tradition du champ scientifique. Mots-cles Sociologie, education, enseignement superieur, science et technologie, biotechnologie, formation doctorale, champ scientifique, reseaux sociaux

  11. How do deaf signers of LSQ and their teachers construct the meaning of a written text?

    PubMed

    Ducharme, D A; Arcand, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    Many studies have investigated why learning to read is so problematic for deaf individuals. However, we still know very little about how to teach reading to signing students. In this article, we report on an exploratory qualitative study of deaf LSQ (Langue des signes québécoise) signers learning to read with two teachers, in an effort to better understand what strategies might be most useful in constructing the meaning of a text. By videotaping reading sessions between each teacher and student, then conducting recall interviews, we found that both students and teachers used a number of strategies to construct meaning. The list of strategies observed was categorized as word attack or global meaning types. Developing readers showed different patterns of strategy use, with more global meaning strategies being used by the more independent reader. We also found that the deaf teacher and hearing teacher had different patterns of strategy use, although both favored global meaning types. Finally, our findings indicate that both teachers adapted their strategy use to the needs of the students, but with a different focus. Namely, the deaf teacher used more global meaning strategies with the weaker reader and less with the more independent reader, whereas the hearing teacher showed the opposite pattern. PMID:20498132

  12. Présentation de l’adaptation française de « l’échelle de coparentage » de McHale pour familles avec jeunes enfants

    PubMed Central

    Frascarolo, F.; Dimitrova, N.; Zimmermann, G.; Favez, N.; Kuersten-Hogan, R.; Baker, J.; McHale, J.

    2009-01-01

    Le but de cet article est de présenter l’autoquestionnaire américain de McHale permettant l’évaluation de la qualité du coparentage ainsi qu’un premier pas en direction de sa validation structurelle et de construit en langue française. Quarante et une familles suisses francophones et 84 familles nord-américaines ont rempli ce questionnaire ainsi qu’un autre portant sur leur satisfaction conjugale (Dyadic Adjustment Scale [DAS]). Les résultats des familles suisses correspondent aux résultats américains : d’une part, la distribution des items en quatre facteurs (intégrité familiale, conflit, affection et dénigrement) est retrouvée et, d’autre part, un lien relatif entre la qualité du coparentage et celle des relations conjugales est observé. Ce deuxième résultat confirme la validité de construit du questionnaire, vu le lien reconnu entre ces deux sous-systèmes. Étant donné l’influence de la qualité du coparentage sur le développement socio-affectif de l’enfant, disposer d’un outil permettant son évaluation, dans ses aspects tant positifs (soutien, chaleur, etc.) que négatifs (dénigrement, conflit, etc.), est un atout important aussi bien en recherche qu’en clinique. PMID:19655028

  13. Strategies to reduce curative antibiotic therapy in intensive care units (adult and paediatric).

    PubMed

    Bretonnière, Cédric; Leone, Marc; Milési, Christophe; Allaouchiche, Bernard; Armand-Lefevre, Laurence; Baldesi, Olivier; Bouadma, Lila; Decré, Dominique; Figueiredo, Samy; Gauzit, Rémy; Guery, Benoît; Joram, Nicolas; Jung, Boris; Lasocki, Sigismond; Lepape, Alain; Lesage, Fabrice; Pajot, Olivier; Philippart, François; Souweine, Bertrand; Tattevin, Pierre; Timsit, Jean-François; Vialet, Renaud; Zahar, Jean Ralph; Misset, Benoît; Bedos, Jean-Pierre

    2015-07-01

    Emerging resistance to antibiotics shows no signs of decline. At the same time, few new antibacterials are being discovered. There is a worldwide recognition regarding the danger of this situation. The urgency of the situation and the conviction that practices should change led the Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF) and the Société Française d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation (SFAR) to set up a panel of experts from various disciplines. These experts met for the first time at the end of 2012 and have since met regularly to issue the following 67 recommendations, according to the rigorous GRADE methodology. Five fields were explored: i) the link between the resistance of bacteria and the use of antibiotics in intensive care; ii) which microbiological data and how to use them to reduce antibiotic consumption; iii) how should antibiotic therapy be chosen to limit consumption of antibiotics; iv) how can antibiotic administration be optimized; v) review and duration of antibiotic treatments. In each institution, the appropriation of these recommendations should arouse multidisciplinary discussions resulting in better knowledge of local epidemiology, rate of antibiotic use, and finally protocols for improving the stewardship of antibiotics. These efforts should contribute to limit the emergence of resistant bacteria. PMID:26077053

  14. Experts' recommendations for the management of adult patients with cardiogenic shock.

    PubMed

    Levy, Bruno; Bastien, Olivier; Benjelid, Karim; Cariou, Alain; Chouihed, Tahar; Combes, Alain; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Megarbane, Bruno; Plaisance, Patrick; Ouattara, Alexandre; Splaulding, Christian; Teboul, Jean-Louis; Vanhuyse, Fabrice; Boulain, Thierry; Kuteifan, Kaldoun

    2015-12-01

    Unlike for septic shock, there are no specific international recommendations regarding the management of cardiogenic shock (CS) in critically ill patients. We present herein recommendations for the management of cardiogenic shock in adults, developed with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system by an expert group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF)), with the participation the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR), the French Cardiology Society (SFC), the French Emergency Medicine Society (SFMU), and the French Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (SFCTCV). The recommendations cover 15 fields of application such as: epidemiology, myocardial infarction, monitoring, vasoactive drugs, prehospital care, cardiac arrest, mechanical assistance, general treatments, cardiac surgery, poisoning, cardiogenic shock complicating end-stage cardiac failure, post-shock treatment, various etiologies, and medical care pathway. The experts highlight the fact that CS is a rare disease, the management of which requires a multidisciplinary technical platform as well as specialized and experienced medical teams. In particular, each expert center must be able to provide, at the same site, skills in a variety of disciplines, including medical and interventional cardiology, anesthesia, thoracic and vascular surgery, intensive care, cardiac assistance, radiology including for interventional vascular procedures, and a circulatory support mobile unit. PMID:26152849

  15. On occasion of 800th anniversary of birth of Ibn al-Nafis--discoverer of cardiac and pulmonary circulation.

    PubMed

    Masic, Izet

    2010-01-01

    With Ibn Sina great Canon came the "golden age of Arabic medicine", almost to its peak. Since the beginning of XI century, when Ibn Sina died, until the middle of XIII century, when creative was Ibn al-Nafis, medical science continues to develop and progress, and had its brilliant minds. For that time characteristic is the fact that neither the strong authority as Avicenna was could paralyze the progress of medical science. Three hundred years before Paracelsus, in Cairo appears a medical scientist who dares to touch the authority of Ibn Sina-Avicenna in the infallibility of Canon-"Medical Bible". The scholar was called Alauddin Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288). He, 250 years ago Servet, (Michael Servetus, XVI century) reveals the truly describes the small or pulmonary circulation, but also gives a description of the great forerunner of the bloodstream. In his separate work on the anatomy, Ibn al-Nafis in five places contested arguments of Galen's teachings, which also Ibn Sina was accepted. He very persuasively argues that the blood does not oxidize ("does not mix with air "), passing through some hypothetical pores in the partition between the right half of the heart, in which blood is collected and left half, in which, supposedly is the air, but that this happen when the blood is going from the right ventricle through the pulmonary artery into the lungs, where it is mixed with air and thus "converted" murmurs through the pulmonary vein into the left half of the heart. On occasion of the 800th anniversary of Ibn al-Nafis birth, one of the largest Arab and world doctors of all times we publish this article so that readers get something closer image his creative work, especially the one which relates to his contribution to the discovery of cardiac and pulmonary circulation, revolutionary discoveries in the world of medicine. In the year 1924 a heated debate started regarding the discovery of the pulmonary circulation. This discovery was attributed only to European scholars. It stemmed back to the sixteenth century. When Michael Servetus (1511-1553), Anderea Vesalius (?1514-1654), Nicolai Massa (1485-1569), Realdo Colombo (1520-1654), Valverde De Hamusco (1508-1565), Andera Cesalpino (1519-1603), Fabrici d'Aquapendent (1533-1619) and William Harvey (1578-1657) developed the concept. However, Muhyi-d-din At-Tatawi (1896-1945) presented his thesis "Der Lungenkreislauf nach El-Korachi. Dissert, z.eil. d. Doktorwrde, Freiburg im Brisgau 1924" of the blood circulation according to al Qurashi relaying on his discovery of his description of pulmonary circulation in one of ancient manuscripts, He proposed that the real credit for the discovery of the pulmonary circulation belongs this eminent physician of the thirteenth century: Ibn al-Nafis. Later another doctor Abdul Kareem Chihade (1922- ) presented another dissertation in Paris 1951 entitled" decouverte de la circulatio pulmonaire chez Ibn an-Nafis". Published by Institut Francais De Damas 1955. Other prominent professors like: Paul Galiounji and Salman Qatayyah researched extensively in his manuscripts and produced very important monographs. The general consensus is that Ibn al-Nafis' work exerted great influence on the development of medical science, both in the Islamic world and Europe. A closer look on Ibn al-Nafis contribution would indicate that he also described the coronary circulation, the cranial nerves the gall bladder anatomy and many new aspect of ophthalmology. He advocated as well therapy through nutrition. His work integrated the medical knowledge with great clarity and emphasized precision. PMID:21287961

  16. EGS Richardson AGU Chapman NVAG3 Conference: Nonlinear Variability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schertzer, D.; Lovejoy, S.

    1. The conference The third conference on "Nonlinear VAriability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes" (NVAG 3) was held in Cargese, Corsica, Sept. 10-17, 1993. NVAG3 was joint American Geophysical Union Chapman and European Geophysical Society Richardson Memorial conference, the first specialist conference jointly sponsored by the two organizations. It followed NVAG1 (Montreal, Aug. 1986), NVAG2 (Paris, June 1988; Schertzer and Lovejoy, 1991), five consecutive annual sessions at EGS general assemblies and two consecutive spring AGU meeting sessions. As with the other conferences and workshops mentioned above, the aim was to develop confrontation between theories and experiments on scaling/multifractal behaviour of geophysical fields. Subjects covered included climate, clouds, earthquakes, atmospheric and ocean dynamics, tectonics, precipitation, hydrology, the solar cycle and volcanoes. Areas of focus included new methods of data analysis (especially those used for the reliable estimation of multifractal and scaling exponents), as well as their application to rapidly growing data bases from in situ networks and remote sensing. The corresponding modelling, prediction and estimation techniques were also emphasized as were the current debates about stochastic and deterministic dynamics, fractal geometry and multifractals, self-organized criticality and multifractal fields, each of which was the subject of a specific general discussion. The conference started with a one day short course of multifractals featuring four lectures on a) Fundamentals of multifractals: dimension, codimensions, codimension formalism, b) Multifractal estimation techniques: (PDMS, DTM), c) Numerical simulations, Generalized Scale Invariance analysis, d) Advanced multifractals, singular statistics, phase transitions, self-organized criticality and Lie cascades (given by D. Schertzer and S. Lovejoy, detailed course notes were sent to participants shortly after the conference). This was followed by five days with 8 oral sessions and one poster session. Overall, there were 65 papers involving 74 authors. In general, the main topics covered are reflected in this special issue: geophysical turbulence, clouds and climate, hydrology and solid earth geophysics. In addition to AGU and EGS, the conference was supported by the International Science Foundation, the Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique, Meteo-France, the Department of Energy (US), the Commission of European Communities (DG XII), the Comite National Francais pour le Programme Hydrologique International, the Ministere de l'Enseignement Superieur et de la Recherche (France). We thank P. Hubert, Y. Kagan, Ph. Ladoy, A. Lazarev, S.S. Moiseev, R. Pierrehumbert, F. Schmitt and Y. Tessier, for help with the organization of the conference. However special thanks goes to A. Richter and the EGS office, B. Weaver and the AGU without whom this would have been impossible. We also thank the Institut d' Etudes Scientifiques de Cargese whose beautiful site was much appreciated, as well as the Bar des Amis whose ambiance stimulated so many discussions. 2. Tribute to L.F. Richardson With NVAG3, the European geophysical community paid tribute to Lewis Fry Richardson (1881-1953) on the 40th anniversary of his death. Richardson was one of the founding fathers of the idea of scaling and fractality, and his life reflects the European geophysical community and its history in many ways. Although many of Richardson's numerous, outstanding scientific contributions to geophysics have been recognized, perhaps his main contribution concerning the importance of scaling and cascades has still not received the attention it deserves. Richardson was the first not only to suggest numerical integration of the equations of motion of the atmosphere, but also to attempt to do so by hand, during the First World War. This work, as well as a presentation of a broad vision of future developments in the field, appeared in his famous, pioneering book "Weather prediction by numerical processes" (1922). As

  17. From Teacher-at-Sea to Authentic Science in the Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holzer, M. A.; Laj, C.

    2007-12-01

    Research has shown that most teachers will teach the way they have been taught, unless a sustainable intervention has taken place. This has the greatest implications for teachers of science, where those who have been taught with inquiry approaches will employ inquiry approaches in their classrooms, and those who have been taught with lecture and note taking will teach primarily using lectures and note taking. If our children are to learn about the nature of science, they need to be taught using constructivist and inquiry methods. A teacher who only uses textbooks and lectures will not create students who can employ critical thinking skills indicative of the nature of science. There is a way to change the way our teachers teach science, and that is by exposing teachers to authentic inquiry. The Teacher at Sea Program sponsored by Institut Polaire Francais (IPEV) created such an opportunity for 4 teachers, who participated in the PACHIDERME deep sea sediment cruise on the R/V Marion Dufresne off the coast of Chile for 3 weeks in February, 2007. While onboard the teachers assisted research scientists from France, Germany, Norway, and Chile in their quest to gather and analyze sediment cores for clues to past climates. The teachers were immersed in the research projects right from the start. They all participated in a "watch" and assisted those on the watch with the processing of the cores, which included properly labeling and packaging each of the core segments. Prior to the packaging, preliminary analysis was done to identify the physical and biological attributes of the core. The scientists gave of their time to coach the teachers not only on the techniques they were using, but also on the process of science. Whether it's working on an unstable platform, coring into the unknown, or adjusting to the weather that Mother Nature brings, the nature and process of science out at sea is complicated. The teachers came to realize this as they sailed in and out of the fjord region and into the open ocean off the coast of Chile, and shared these experiences with colleagues and students from around the world. They sent daily logs via email, sent pictures, and answered questions sent by teachers and students from Europe, the United States, and Chile. Students kept journals as they followed the daily events of the teachers at sea. A powerpoint presentation documenting the scientific endeavors of the cruise was created and is being used by many teachers as a tool to show how scientific research is done at sea. Was this cruise effective in changing the teaching styles of those teachers on board? The teachers observed how scientists generate questions, propose study plans, and employ creative methods to answer those questions. Having witnessed the nature and process first hand, these teachers reassessed their teaching styles for scientific validity. They are employing a greater number of open/full inquiry projects where the students are constructing and seeking to answer their own questions. These students will leave their classes knowing about the challenges of doing science, and the excitement in doing science. Whether it's out at sea, in the field, or in a lab, the participation of teachers in authentic inquiry is the best way to ensure our students are participating in authentic inquiry.

  18. A Guide to Axial-Flow Turbine Off-Design Computer Program AXOD2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Shu-Cheng S.

    2014-01-01

    A Users Guide for the axial flow turbine off-design computer program AXOD2 is composed in this paper. This Users Guide is supplementary to the original Users Manual of AXOD. Three notable contributions of AXOD2 to its predecessor AXOD, both in the context of the Guide or in the functionality of the code, are described and discussed in length. These are: 1) a rational representation of the mathematical principles applied, with concise descriptions of the formulas implemented in the actual coding. Their physical implications are addressed; 2) the creation and documentation of an Addendum Listing of input namelist-parameters unique to AXOD2, that differ from or are in addition to the original input-namelists given in the Manual of AXOD. Their usages are discussed; and 3) the institution of proper stoppages of the code execution, encoding termination messaging and error messages of the execution to AXOD2. These measures are to safe-guard the integrity of the code execution, such that a failure mode encountered during a case-study would not plunge the code execution into indefinite loop, or cause a blow-out of the program execution. Details on these are discussed and illustrated in this paper. Moreover, this computer program has since been reconstructed substantially. Standard FORTRAN Langue was instituted, and the code was formatted in Double Precision (REAL*8). As the result, the code is now suited for use in a local Desktop Computer Environment, is perfectly portable to any Operating System, and can be executed by any FORTRAN compiler equivalent to a FORTRAN 9095 compiler. AXOD2 will be available through NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) Software Repository.

  19. Fabrication de transistors mono-electroniques en silicium pour le traitement classique et quantique de l'information: une approche nanodamascene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harvey-Collard, Patrick

    Les transistors mono-electroniques (SETs) sont des dispositifs ayant un grand potentiel d'applications, comme la detection de charge ultra-sensible, la logique a basse consommation de puissance, la memoire ou la metrologie. De plus, la possibilite de pieger un seul electron et de manipuler son etat de spin pourrait permettre des applications en informatique quantique. Le silicium est un materiau interessant pour fabriquer l'ilot d'un SET. Son gap semi-conducteur permet le fonctionnement du dispositif dans le regime a un seul electron ou trou et pourrait permettre d'etendre la plage d'operation du SET en temperature en augmentant l'energie d'addition du diamant central de la valeur du gap. En outre, le silicium beneficie de plus de quarante annees d'expertise en microfabrication et d'une compatibilite avec la technologie metal--oxyde--semi-conducteur complementaire (CMOS). Cependant, la fabrication de ces dispositifs fait face a de serieuses limitations a cause de la taille nanometrique requise pour l'ilot. A ce jour, les procedes de fabrication proposes permettant l'operation a la temperature ambiante sont trop peu reproductibles pour permettre des applications a grande echelle. Dans ce memoire de maitrise, la fabrication de transistors mono-electroniques en silicium (Si-SETs) pour le traitement classique et quantique de l'information est realisee avec un procede nanodamascene. Le polissage chimico-mecanique (CMP) est introduit comme etape clef de la fabrication du transistor, permettant le controle au nanometre pres (nanodamascene) de l'epaisseur du transistor. Cet outil permet la fabrication de dispositifs ayant une geometrie auparavant impossible a realiser et ouvre la porte a l'innovation technologique. De plus, un procede de gravure du silicium par plasma a couplage inductif (ICP) est developpe pour permettre la fabrication de nanostructures de silicium sur une nanotopographie alliant le nano et le 3D. Les Si-SETs fabriques sont caracterises a basse temperature et demontrent du blocage de Coulomb avec une energie de charge de plus de 100 meV, soit quatre fois la temperature ambiante. De plus, le regime a un seul electron et les effets quantiques du confinement dans ce regime sont observes. Pour la premiere fois, le gap complet du silicium et les premiers diamants sont mesures sur un dispositif fabrique avec un procede reproductible et industrialisable. Le diamant central voit son energie d'addition augmentee de la valeur du gap du silicium, pour un total de plus de 1200 meV, soit 46 fois la temperature ambiante. Cette caracteristique pourrait ouvrir la porte a des applications en logique basse puissance dans un mode de transport a plusieurs electrons laissant circuler dix fois plus de courant dans l'etat ouvert, tout en conservant le bas courant dans l'etat ferme d'un SET. Mots clefs : transistor mono-electronique, silicium, operation a temperature ambiante, logique basse puissance, informatique quantique, nanoelectronique, polissage chimico-mecanique, gravure plasma, nanofabrication.

  20. Infectious peritonitis profile in peritoneal dialysis at Ibn Sina University Hospital: a 6-year data report

    PubMed Central

    Bekaoui, Samira; Haddiya, Intissar; Houti, Maria Slimani; Berkchi, Fatima Zahra; Ezaitouni, Fatima; Ouzeddoun, Naima; Bayahia, Rabia; Benamar, Loubna

    2014-01-01

    Background Infectious peritonitis (IP) is the most common complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD). The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of IP and to determine its clinical, biological, and evolutive characteristics. Patients and methods We conducted a five year, five months retrospective study from July 2006 to December 2011. All patients on peritoneal dialysis that have been followed on PD for a minimum of 3 months and who presented IP during follow-up were included. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0. Results The 76 episodes of IP were identified in 36 patients. The peritonitis rate (months × patients/peritonitis), as calculated by the Registre de Dialyse Péritonéale de Langue Française (RDPLF Registry) [French peritoneal dialysis registry] in December 2011, was 18.59. Time to occurrence of peritonitis from the start of peritoneal exchange was 15.44±10 months. The mean age of our patients was 49.1±16.8 years [10–80]: the youngest patient’s age was 10, while the oldest was 80 years old (male to female: sex ratio M/F=1,66). Also, 22% of our patients were diabetic. The mean follow-up in PD was 22.6±14 months. Abdominal pain was present in 79% of the cases. Fever and vomiting were noted in 42% and 38% of cases, respectively. The C-reactive protein rate was elevated in 77% of cases, and leukocytosis was found in 27% of cases. Bacteriological proof was present in 73.68% of cases. Gram-positive cocci were involved in 56.6% of microbiologically proven IP cases. Gram-negative bacilli were represented in 37.7%. The outcome was favorable in 89.4%. The PD catheter was removed in 2.63% of the cases. In addition, 7.89% of our patients were transferred to hemodialysis. Discussion The rate of IP remains high in our series. More than one-half of the peritonitis cases with positive cultures (56.6%) were caused by Gram-positive cocci. Gram-negative bacilli ranked second (27.7%). These results agree with data in the literature. Moreover, the rate of culture-negative IP in our series is high (26%). Evolution is good in most cases (89%). Conclusion Despite the gradual decrease of its rate, peritonitis remains frequent in our center and calls for optimization of means of prevention. The high frequency of negative culture IP in our study urges us toward better collaboration with biologists to target antibiotic therapy and improve IP management. PMID:25187732

  1. Le transfert de connaissances entre les mathematiques et les sciences. Une etude exploratoire aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samson, Ghislain

    2003-06-01

    Au moment ou dans plusieurs pays on travaille a refondre les programmes d'etudes, tant au primaire qu'au secondaire, l'interet pour le transfert renait. Un des concepts fondamentaux en apprentissage consiste en l'habilete a reutiliser de facon consciente et efficace un acquis d'une situation a une autre situation. Cette recherche emane de preoccupations professionnelles au moment ou le chercheur etait enseignant au secondaire. Au cours de ces annees, il lui a ete possible de constater que plusieurs eleves percevaient difficilement les liens presents entre les disciplines mathematiques et scientifiques. Des travaux en psychologie cognitive et plus particulierement selon une perspective du traitement de l'information ont servi de cadre de reference pour evaluer et analyser les capacites de transfert aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire. Ce cadre de reference permet de formuler le principal objectif qui est de mieux comprendre le processus de transfert chez des eleves en situation de resolution de problemes scientifiques. Cette these s'interesse donc au transfert en tant que phenomene important du processus d'apprentissage au sens de l'integration. La methode de recherche choisie, de nature qualitative, est principalement axee sur l'evaluation de la capacite a transferer des connaissances lors d'une epreuve et d'un entretien. Pour evaluer ce potentiel de transfert, nous avons elabore deux outils: une epreuve en mathematiques et en sciences et un guide d'entretien. Pour la passation de l'epreuve, le chercheur a pu compter sur la collaboration de 130 sujets provenant de deux ecoles. L'entretien complete la prise de donnees avec 13 sujets ayant accepte de poursuivre l'etude. Les donnees recueillies par ces instruments font ensuite l'objet d'une analyse de contenu. En premier lieu, les verbatims de l'epreuve et de l'entretien ont ete transcrits, puis codifies. La correction des reponses fournies pour les problemes resolus s'est faite a partir d'une grille d'analyse qualitative et adaptee de la litterature (Thouin, 1995). Une seconde serie d'analyses permettant de categoriser les reponses selon la typologie des connaissances declaratives, procedurales et conditionnelles complete la prise de donnees. Nos resultats indiquent que les sujets sont tres influences par des elements de surface, principalement lorsqu'il s'agit de problemes auxquels ils ne sont pas habitues. En l'absence de connaissances de base, plusieurs sujets vont tendre vers des propositions de solution "pratico-pratique" provenant de leur vecu: cela nous apparait d'importance d'un point de vue didactique et en matiere de transfert. Lors des entretiens realises un mois plus tard, les sujets ont eprouve de la difficulte a se rappeler le contenu de l'epreuve. Et lorsqu'il y avait un rappel, celui-ci etait superficiel et surtout axe sur le contenu ou le contexte d'un probleme. La plupart des sujets ne pouvait nommer que deux ou trois elements (des problemes en mathematiques, en sciences physiques, le probleme de la fenetre, le probleme du laser, etc.). Nos resultats confirment ce que plusieurs chercheurs (Julo, 1995, Jonnaert et Vander Borght, 1999; Richard et al., 1990) qui s'interessent aux questions de l'apprentissage admettent aujourd'hui: l'eleve ne travaille jamais sur la situation proposee par l'enseignant, mais bien sur la representation qu'il s'en est construite. Au plan methodologique, cette recherche est interessante par la variete des sources de collecte de donnees utilisees, par l'application d'outils methodologiques et d'analyses originaux tires de la recherche et de la pratique. Du cote theorique, il resulte de cette etude une meilleure comprehension du processus de transfert des connaissances mathematiques vers les sciences physiques. Finalement, aux plans didactique et pedagogique, cette recherche alimente la reflexion sur l'apprentissage et l'enseignement des sciences au secondaire. Elle fait ressortir que les mathematiques sont importantes dans la mobilisation de certaines connaissances scientifiques et que l'enseignant peut et devrait jouer un

  2. Contribution a la comprehension de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et du laitier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Houehanou, Ernesto C.

    L'incorporation des ajouts cimentaires dans le beton est connue pour ses avantages technologiques et environnementaux. Pour assurer une plus grande utilisation des ajouts cimentaires, il faut accroitre la connaissance dans ce domaine surtout les facteurs relatifs a la durabilite des ouvrages construits avec les betons contenant des ajouts mineraux. Jusqu'a present, la plupart des etudes sur les betons contenant de la cendre volante et du laitier semble s'accorder sur leur moins bonne durabilite a l'ecaillage surtout lorsqu'on les compare au beton ordinaire. Les raisons de cette moins bonne performance ne sont pas toutes connues et cela limite bien des fois l'incorporation de la cendre volante et de laitier dans le beton pour des ouvrages fortement exposes aux cycles de gel-degel en presence de sels fondants. Cette these vise la comprehension des problematiques de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant des ajouts cimentaires tels la cendre volante et le laitier. Les objectifs sont de mieux comprendre la representativite et la severite relative des essais normalises ASTM C672 et NQ 2621-900 pour l'evaluation de la durabilite a l'ecaillage de ces betons, d'etudier l'influence de la methode de murissement sur la durabilite a l'ecaillage et d'etudier la relation entre la durabilite a l'ecaillage et la sorptivite des surfaces de beton ainsi que la particularite de la microstructure des betons contenant de la cendre volante. Cinq types de betons a air entraine contenant 25% et 35% de cendre volante et laitier ainsi que 1% et 2% de fumee de silice ont ete produits, muris selon differentes methodes et soumis a des essais acceleres selon les deux procedures normalisees ainsi qu'un essai de sorptivite. Les differentes methodes de murissement sont choisies de facon a mettre en evidence aussi bien l'influence des parametres des essais que celle de la methode de murissement elle-meme. La durabilite en laboratoire des betons testes a ete comparee avec celle de betons similaires apres 4 et 6 annees de service. La microstructure des betons en service a ete analysee au moyen du microscope a balayage electronique (MEB). Les resultats montrent que la qualite du murissement influence grandement la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et de laitier surtout lorsqu'ils sont soumis ' aux essais acceleres en laboratoire. La duree du pretraitement humide est un parametre cle de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons testes en laboratoire. Le pretraitement humide correspond a la duree totale du murissement humide (100% HR) et de la periode de presaturation. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. La periode de presaturation de 7 jours de la procedure NQ 2621-900 a un effet similaire a celui d'un murissement humide de meme longueur. Un murissement humide de 28 jours apparait optimal et conduit a une estimation plus realiste de la resistance a l'ecaillage reelle des betons. Pour une meme duree de pretraitement humide, les procedures NQ 2621-900 et ASTM C672 donnent des resultats equivalents. L'utilisation d'un moule a fond drainant n'a pas d'effet sur la resistance a l'ecaillage des betons de cette etude. Bien que le murissement dans l'eau saturee de chaux offre toute l'eau requise pour favoriser le developpement des proprietes du beton et l'amelioration de sa durabilite a l'ecaillage, elle lessive cependant les ions alcalins ce qui diminue defavorablement l'alcalinite et le pH de la solution interstitielle de la pate de ciment pres de la surface exposee. L'utilisation d'un agent de murissement protege mieux les betons contenant de la cendre volante et ameliore significativement leurs resistances a l'ecaillage mais elle a tendance a reduire la durabi

  3. The Most Massive Galaxies at 3.0 <= z < 4.0 in the Newfirm Medium-band Survey: Properties and Improved Constraints on the Stellar Mass Function

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marchesini, Danilo; Whitaker, Katherine E.; Brammer, Gabriel; van Dokkum, Pieter G.; Labbé, Ivo; Muzzin, Adam; Quadri, Ryan F.; Kriek, Mariska; Lee, Kyoung-Soo; Rudnick, Gregory; Franx, Marijn; Illingworth, Garth D.; Wake, David

    2010-12-01

    We use the optical to mid-infrared coverage of the NEWFIRM Medium-Band Survey (NMBS) to characterize, for the first time, the properties of a mass-complete sample of 14 galaxies at 3.0 <= z < 4.0 with M star>2.5 × 1011 M sun, and to derive significantly more accurate measurements of the high-mass end of the stellar mass function (SMF) of galaxies at 3.0 <= z < 4.0. The accurate photometric redshifts and well-sampled spectral energy distributions (SEDs) provided by the NMBS combined with the large surveyed area result in significantly reduced contributions from photometric redshift errors and cosmic variance to the total error budget of the SMF. The typical very massive galaxy at 3.0 <= z < 4.0 is red and faint in the observer's optical, with a median r-band magnitude of langr totrang = 26.1, and median rest-frame U - V colors of langU - Vrang = 1.6. About 60% of the mass-complete sample has optical colors satisfying either the U- or the B-dropout color criteria, although ~50% of these galaxies has r>25.5. We find that ~30% of the sample has star formation rates (SFRs) from SED modeling consistent with zero, although SFRs of up to ~1-18 M sun yr-1 are also allowed within 1?. However, >80% of the sample is detected at 24 ?m, resulting in total infrared luminosities in the range (0.5-4.0) × 1013 L sun. This implies the presence of either dust-enshrouded starburst activity (with SFRs of 600-4300 M sun yr-1) and/or highly obscured active galactic nuclei (AGNs). The contribution of galaxies with M star>2.5 × 1011 M sun to the total stellar mass budget at 3.0 <= z < 4.0 is ~8+13 -3%. Compared to recent estimates of the stellar mass density in galaxies with M star ? 109-1011 M sun at z ~ 5 and z ~ 6, we find an evolution by a factor of 2-7 and 3-22 from z ~ 5 and z ~ 6, respectively, to z = 3.5. The previously found disagreement at the high-mass end between observed and model-predicted SMFs is now significant at the 3? level when only random uncertainties are considered. However, systematic uncertainties dominate the total error budget, with errors up to a factor of ~8 in the densities at the high-mass end, bringing the observed SMF in marginal agreement with the predicted SMF. Additional systematic uncertainties on the high-mass end could be potentially introduced by either (1) the intense star formation and/or the very common AGN activities as inferred from the MIPS 24 ?m detections, and/or (2) contamination by a significant population of massive, old, and dusty galaxies at z ~ 2.6.

  4. Hydrography and silica budget of the Angola Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Van Bennekom, A. J.; Berger, G. W.

    Nous présentons une revue des connaissances actuelles sur les circulations des masses d'eau dans le Bassin de l'Angola, particulièrement pour la région du panache saumâtre et de l'éventail sedimentaire profond du fleuve Zaire. La limite du panache saumâtre se situe à ˜800 km de l'embouchure du fleuve, en direction sud-ouset en février et mars, en direction ouest en mae et juillet, et en direction nord-ouest en novembre. L'épaisseur des eaux du panache augmente de moins de 5 m pr `´es de l'embouchure à ˜25 m près du bord du panache. Les eaux océaniques sous et autour du panache sont formées par l'interaction des eaux allant vers l'est - le courant subsuperficiel de Lomonosov à l 0S, le contre-courant sud-équatorial à 6-13 0S - et les eaux d'origine sub-antarctique, allant vers le nord (le courant de Benguela). Les graphes salinité-nitrate sont utilisés pour distinguer ces masses d'eau. Les eaux du courant de Benguela peuvent être suivies jusqu' à 5 0S dans une langue étroite au delà du shelf. On montre la formation des divers fronts, des tourbillons et des dômes, qui apportent les sels nutritifs dans la zône euphotique, produisant une productio primaire relativement élevée, particulièrement au sud du panache. Les diatomées sont très important dans cette production primaire. Cela compte aussi dans le panache, où 40-90% de la silice dissoute amenées par le fleuve Zaire, se transforment en diatomées entre salinités de 28 et 32. Des coupes à travers du canyon du Zaire montrent un mélange vertical accru et la distribution de la salinité suggère un net mouvement des eaux de fond vers la côte. Les eaux de fond à la base de la pente continentale possèdent légérement moins d'oxygène et légérement plus de sels nutritifs, spécialement le PO 4 que les eaux du fond dans la partie centrale du Bassin de l'Angola. Environ 80% de l'augmentation en PO 4 dissoute sont probablement originaire de la désorption de phosphate, adsorbé sur la matière en suspension dans la partie côtière du canyon. Une coupe des salinités à travers la totalité des Bassins de la Guinée et de l'Angola montre une fois de plus l'influence prédominante de l'eau profonde nord-atlantique (NADW). Les eaux du fond du Bassin de l'Angola contiennent 20-30% d'eau profonde antarctique (AABW). Les deux NADW et AABW sont amenés à travers les zônes de fracture de Romanche et Chain; des eaux froides, riche en AABW, amenées à travers du Walvis Passage, ne s'étendent que jusquà 30°S. Les sédiments silicieux dans le Bassin de la Guinée et le partie NE du Bassin de l'Angola ont des concentrations interstitielles en silice dissoute de 300-400 ?mol·1 -1 et un flux diffusif montant de 3,5 ?mol·cm -2·a -1; les sédiments calcaires des parties sud et ouest de Bassin de l'Angola ont 80-110 ?mol·1 -1 et 0,21-1 ?mol·cm -2·a -1. Les flux diffusif montant ne peut pas expliquer le maximum prononcé dans l'exces en silice dissoute, trouvé à 2000 m du fond, à partir des graphes salinité-silicate. L'intrusion récente d'une masse d'eau du fond, contenant rélativement peu de silice dissoute est suggeré comme explication alternative, conformément à la distribution de 14C. Le bilan de la silice dans l'extérieur de l'éventail sédimentaire profond montre que presque la totalité des squelettes silicieux sont dissolues dans les 50 m supérieures; environ 6% arrivent au fond et seulement 2% s'enterrent. Dans la partie intérieure de l'éventail, presque la moitié de la silice biogène produit dans le panache, arrive au fond et 20% s'enterrent. Des quantités très élevées de l'aluminium dans les squelettes siliceux avancent leur préservation.