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1

Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais, 10e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production: French, 10th Grade. French as a Native Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first- and second-language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for tenth grade students…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

2

Amour des langues/amour de la langue Patrick Anderson  

E-print Network

Amour des langues/amour de la langue Patrick Anderson Professeur des universités UFR SLHS français dans le monde, Recherches et applications, n° 45, 2009. #12;De la disparition.... Parler d'amour des langues et d'amour de la langue, à première vue, ne concerne pas l'enseignement des langues, parce

Jeanjean, Louis

3

Francais: Langue de specialite: Gearing Commercial French for the World of 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the area of business-related language training, the United States lags behind Europe, where graduate business schools require at least one foreign language with business proficiency for graduation. In most United States institutions, the long-standing policy of departmentalization and a perceived dichotomy between the humanities and traditional…

Finel-Honigman, Irene

4

Les Fonctionnaires Europeens et L'Apprentissage du Francais, Langue Etrangere. Melanges Pedagogiques, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a teaching strategy involving authentic material in a semi-autonomous learning situation (European civil servants working in the Common Market Administrations in Brussels). A general description of the learners in terms of their backgrounds (ethnic, educational and social) and the conditions and surroundings of their learning…

Mulfinger, F.

5

Pour Enfant, Francais Langue Etrangere (French as a Foriegn Language for Children)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists dictionaries, readers, and records for French as a foreign language for children. Each entry includes the author, publication date and source, if available. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

de Charnace, Francoise

1975-01-01

6

Remplacement du revenu familial pendant les annees de retraite : quels sont les resultats des Canadiens?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Le present document vise a determiner dans quelle mesure le revenu familial gagne pendant les annees de travail est < remplace > pendant les annees de retraite. A cette fin, on suit des cohortes au fur et a mesure qu'elles avancent en age, a partir du milieu de la cinquantaine jusqu'a la fin de leur septieme decennie de vie, en

Sebastien Myles John Picot Garnett Larochelle-Cote

2010-01-01

7

Langues et histoire de la psychiatrie.  

PubMed

Les historiens datent la naissance de la psychiatrie de l'époque où les médecins renoncent à utiliser le latin comme langue scientifique internationale. A partir de la fin du XVIIIe siècle ils publient désormais leurs travaux sur la pathologie mentale dans une langue européenne moderne comme l'anglais, le français, l'allemand, l'italien ou l'espagnol. Certains de textes publiés dans une de celles-ci d'entre sont traduits plus ou moins rapidement dans une ou plusieurs autres. Mais des textes importants ne le sont pas ou très tardivement; les nouveaux concepts psychopathologiques introduits restent méconnus des médecins qui ne connaissent pas la langue originale. Ils sont oubliés et les termes qui les désignent sont remplacés dans les classifications récentes des troubles mentaux par de nouvelles dénominations sans référence à une conception théorique du trouble initialement décrit. L'histoire de la psychiatrie doit étudier l'évolution dans le temps de ces termes traditionnels depuis leur premier emploi par un auteur dans une de ces langues modernes jusqu'à leur éventuel abandon actuel pour comprendre si celui-ci est justifié. PMID:25395440

Garrabé, Jean

2014-12-01

8

EVALUATION DE STAGE : ORGANISME D'ACCUEIL ANNEE 2013 2014  

E-print Network

EVALUATION DE STAGE : ORGANISME D'ACCUEIL ANNEE 2013 ­ 2014 STAGIAIRE (� REMPLIR PAR L'ETUDIANT (E : Enseignant correspondant : Nom Adresse professionnelle : Thème du stage : Durée : du au ( semaines) ORGANISME : Stage : obligatoire insertion / réorientation APPRECIATION (� REMPLIR PAR L'ETUDIANT) Accueil général

Jeanjean, Louis

9

Le point sur l'inegalite des gains et sur la remuneration des jeunes durant les annees 90  

Microsoft Academic Search

De nombreux auteurs ont fait etat de l'inegalite de plus en plus prononcee des gains d'emploi particulierement chez les hommes. Le present article enrichit notre connaissance des tendances de l'inegalite des gains en repondant a trois questions. Premierement, comment l'inegalite des gains des personnes occupees a-t-elle evolue dans les annees 90? Notre etude indique que, du milieu des annees 80

Garnett Picot

1998-01-01

10

Recognition of Langue des Signes Quebecoise in Eastern Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a portrait of two community-level and legal efforts in Canada to obtain official recognition of ASL and LSQ (Langue des signes quebecoise), both of which are recognized as official languages by the Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD). In order to situate this issue in the Canadian linguistic context, the authors first…

Parisot, Anne-Marie; Rinfret, Julie

2012-01-01

11

UNIVERSITE SORBONNE NOUVELLE -PARIS 3 ED 268 LANGAGE ET LANGUES  

E-print Network

outils d'evaluation qualitative et du web 2.0 sur le developpement et l'identification des competences en sciences du langage Frédérique LONGUET L'IMPACT DES OUTILS D'EVALUATION QUALITATIVE ET DU WEB 2.0 SUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT ET L'IDENTIFICATION DES COMPETENCES PROFESSIONNELLES DES ENSEIGNANTS DE LANGUES

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

FACULTE DES SCIENCES AUTORISATION DE DISPENSE DE COURS DE LANGUE ANGLAISE*  

E-print Network

FACULTE DES SCIENCES AUTORISATION DE DISPENSE DE COURS DE LANGUE ANGLAISE* Après examen d : ........................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................................. Dispense autorisée pour le(s) cours

Cerf, Nicolas

13

Les competences langagieres des etudiants-maitres en francais langue seconde au Canada (Linguistic Competence of Student Teachers of French as a Second Language in Canada).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 23 Canadian schools of education investigated the French language competence of student enrolled in core and immersion French language teacher programs. The questionnaire developed for the study inquired about the native language of the students, methods used to sensitize non-francophone students to francophone culture, and strategies…

Boutin, France; Chinien, Christian; Boutin, Jean-Luc

14

Alternance et melange de langues (portugais-francais) chez des adolescents Portugais scolarises en France (Code Switching--Portuguese-French in Portuguese Adolescents Schooled in France).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the degree to which Portuguese students (n=100) educated in France switched or mixed languages in a written essay. Subjects were told to express themselves liberally in either or both languages. A linguistic history was also taken for each student. The measures were administered in a French-language school, and instructions…

Carreira, Maria Helena Araujo

15

Les examens de francais langue etrangere dans l'enseignement secondaire aux Pays-Bas (Examinations in French as a Foreign Language in Secondary Education in the Netherlands)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of examinations given at the end of secondary studies. Topics discussed are: the status of secondary education, final examinations--both state and local, the French examination, some critical reflections, and developments in programs. Sample questions from the State examination are included. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Maas-de Brouwer, Trude A.; Rossum, Maarten, J.-Th.

1978-01-01

16

UNIVERSIT DU MAINE UFR de lettres, langues et sciences humaines  

E-print Network

UNIVERSIT� DU MAINE UFR de lettres, langues et sciences humaines Ecole doctorale 501 DEGEST - Droit TH�SE Présentée par : Ziad ALHASKEER Pour obtenir le garde de Docteur de l'Université du Maine �valuation de la dynamique des paysages de vallées du bassin versant de la Maine à partir de la télédétection

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Langues et education en Afrique noire (Language and Education in Black Africa).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language and education in Black Africa include: "L'enseignement des et en langues nationales au Zaire. Bilan d'une experience" ("The Teaching of and in National Languages in Zaire. Results of an Experiment") (Andre Mbula Paluku); "Langues et education au Rwanda" ("Languages and Education in Rwanda") (Melchior Kanyamibwa); "Un modele…

Bearth, Thomas, Ed.

1997-01-01

18

[TALAF-O.2] Projet des corpus crits des langues manding : le bambara, le maninka1  

E-print Network

[TALAF-O.2] 109 Projet des corpus écrits des langues manding : le bambara, le maninka1 Valentin textes en langues mandingues a démarré à St. Petersbourg en 2009. Aujourd'hui, il est effectué par une of electronic corpora for Manding languages was launched in St. Petersburg in 2009. By now, it is carried out

19

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Induction de sens pour enrichir des ressources lexicales  

E-print Network

the senses not covered in Bangla WordNet. Mots-cl´es : Induction de sens, bengali, Weka, Clustering. Keywords: Word Sense Induction, Bangla, Weka, Clustering. 1 Introduction En traitement automatique des langues

20

L'interprétation en Langue des Signes Française : contraintes, tactiques, efforts.  

E-print Network

??En partant du cadre conceptuel des modèles IDRC (Interprétation-Décisions-Ressources- Contraintes) et du modèle d'Efforts de l'interprétation simultanée de Daniel Gile entre langues vocales, nous tenterons… (more)

Pointurier-Pournin, Sophie

2014-01-01

21

L'annee psychologique: history of the founding of a 100-year-old.  

PubMed

The authors present the history of the founding of the French journal L'Annee Psychologique. The names of Theodule Ribot (1839-1916), Henry Beaunis (1830-1921), and Alfred Binet (1857-1911) are closely associated with the journal. Ribot's election to the chair of Experimental and Comparative Psychology at the College de France in 1888 marked the official emancipation of psychology in France. Because there was no laboratory associated with the chair, Beaunis, a physiological psychologist from Nancy, proposed to Ribot the creation of the first French laboratory of experimental psychology (1889). Under Beaunis's direction, this laboratory was established at the Sorbonne in Paris but was in fact dependent on another educational institution, L'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. In 1893 the laboratory's research was first published in a yearly journal named Travaux du Laboratoire de Psychologie Physiologique (2 volumes: 1893-1894). Binet, who joined the laboratory in 1891, was not satisfied by the form of this publication. With Beaunis's agreement, he then created L'Annee Psychologique in 1894 to develop the reputation of the laboratory's research. The authors present the evolution and vicissitudes of the journal from 1895 to 1912, with a glance up to the present. PMID:11624163

Nicolas, S; Segui, J; Ferrand, L

2000-02-01

22

UNIVERSIT PARIS VII Denis DIDEROT COLE DOCTORALE : Langue, Littrature, Image, civilisations et sciences  

E-print Network

UNIVERSIT� PARIS VII ­ Denis DIDEROT �COLE DOCTORALE : Langue, Littérature, Image, civilisations et- Denis Diderot Madame Bernadette Lizet, co-directrice, Directeur de Recherches au CNRS/ Muséum National d, Président, Professeur à l'Université Paris VII-Denis Diderot tel-00962486,version1-21Mar2014 #12;ii tel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

propos des relations entre langue et identit en Bretagne Ronan Le Coadic  

E-print Network

: Brittany, identity, minority language. Introduction Le lien entre langue et identité est étroit dans les de Bretagne Université Rennes 2, CRBC, EA 4451, F-35000 Rennes, France R�SUM� La société bretonne de, businessmen and journalists. The Breton language, which is one of the essential symbols of this identity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

24

Expriences de transcription automatique d'une langue rare Thomas Pellegrini and Lori Lamel  

E-print Network

, less widely available languages ou encore minority languages. Cette diversité de vocabulaire reflète le-CNRS, BP133 91403 Orsay cedex, FRANCE {thomas.pellegrini, lamel}@limsi.fr ABSTRACT This work investigates), langues minoritaires, ou que ce soit en anglais : under-represented languages, under- resourced languages

25

Trisomy X: ACLF (Association des Cytogénéticiens de Langue Française) retrospective study.  

PubMed

A retrospective study of patients with trisomy X was carried out by the Association des Cytogénéticiens de Langue Française (ACLF). One hundred and ninety observations were collected from 18 cytogenetic laboratories. Variability in presentation is the most striking feature. Results must be treated with some caution, since they concern only individuals referred for karyotyping. PMID:8839882

Guichet, A; Briault, S; Moraine, C; Turleau, C

1996-01-01

26

Didier BOTTINEAU CNRS Centre de Recherches Inter-langues sur la Signification en Contexte (UMR 6170  

E-print Network

'évaluation, un peu à la manière des langues signées non vocales) : la prise en halshs-00246331,version1-7Feb2008;2 charge phonatoire indexe l'énonciation sur la modalité et affecte le rapport signifiant / signifié. Une version simplifiée de ce décalage consiste à dire que si le mot vocal est le signifiant d'un signe à

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

UNIVERSIT DU MAINE, LE MANS UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences humaines  

E-print Network

UNIVERSIT� DU MAINE, LE MANS UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences humaines UMR CNRS 6590 Espaces et Sociétés (ESO) Thèse Pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l'Université du Maine Discipline : Géographie Soutenue le 6 décembre 2012 JURY Yamna DJELLOULI, Professeur, Université du Maine, directrice de thèse

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

28

Actes du colloque: Tendances actuelles de la recherche sur la langue parlee (Conference Presentations: Current Trends in Research on Oral Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student papers presented at a sociolinguistics conference include: "La variation phonologique [d'une voyelle] a Hull"; "La force illocutoire des pronoms personnels 'je' et 'tu' en tant qu'insignes des places d'ou parlent les femmes et les hommes"; "L'emploi des modes indicatif et subjonctif dans le francais parle de la ville de Quebec"; "A Study…

Auger, Julie, Ed.

29

Echantillons du travail ecrit des eleves. Francais 6e annee, teste de rendement, juin 1988 (Sample of the Written Work of Students. 6th Grade French Achievement Test, June 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of student essays provides illustrations of the criteria used to grade the composition portion of the sixth-grade achievement test used in Alberta (Canada). An introductory section describes the procedures for selecting the essays used, establishing scoring norms, and scoring the tests, and offers general comments on the writing…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Records Branch.

30

Echantillons du travail ecrit des eleves tires du Test de rendement francais 9e annee, juin 1990 (Samples of Student Writing from the Grade 9 French Achievement Test, June 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Samples of student writing from the Alberta (Canada) 9th grade achievement test in writing (administered in June 1990) are presented with evaluative commentaries. They are intended to offer teachers, administrators, and students illustration of the criteria and approach used to score the exam. The exam is one part of a two-part standardized test…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Records Branch.

31

Programme d'etudes du secondaire deuxieme cycle Francais langue premiere, Niveaux 16-26-36 (Curriculum for the Second Year of Secondary Schools with French as a First Language, Levels 16-26-36).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, written in French, represents the final version of the curriculum for the study of French as a first language in Alberta's secondary schools. The curriculum addresses the following skills: Oral communication (listening, interaction, presentation); reading; and writing. An appendix provides a variety of charts, tables,…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

32

Programme d'etudes du secondaire deuxieme cycle Francais langue premiere, Niveaux 13-23-33 (Curriculum for the Second Year of Secondary Schools with French as a First Language, Levels 13-23-33).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, written French, represents the final version of the curriculum for the study of French as a first language in Alberta's secondary schools. The curriculum addresses the following skills: Oral communication (listening, interaction, presentation); reading; and writing. An annex provides a variety of charts, tables, questionnaires, and…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

33

Compte rendu de : Claude Hagge Dictionnaire amoureux des Langues. Dessins d'Alain Bouldroye.  

E-print Network

comme tout jeu, il n'est sans doute pas destiné uniquement à divertir - l`amour s'y love partout, l'amour des langues et de ceux et celles qui les parlent, l'amour de la vie et l'amour tout court. Au point que le recenseur ne peut s'empêcher de témoigner de l'amour que l'ouvrage réveille en lui grâce à la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

34

Proceedings: Pacific Northwest Council on Foreign Languages. Volume XXX, Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers of relevance to second language instruction are compiled here: (1) "Bilingual Math in a Monolingual Classroom: A Field Study," by Elizabeth M. Baricevic; (2) "Ideologie et pedagogie: reflexions sur le manuel de francais au programme de '3e annee secondaire' en Algerie," by Jeanne Adam; (3) "Pedagogic Grammar and Applied…

Mazur, Gertrud S., Ed.

35

Evaluation d'une approche pedagogique respectant les facons d'apprendre des filles en sciences et en TIC en 9e annee au Nouveau-Brunswick  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La reussite scolaire des filles les amene de plus en plus a poursuivre une formation postsecondaire et a exercer des professions qui demandent un haut niveau de connaissances et d'expertise scientifique. Toutefois, les filles demeurent toujours tres peu nombreuses a envisager une carriere en sciences (chimie et physique), en ingenierie ou en TIC (technologie d'information et de la communication), soit une carriere reliee a la nouvelle economie. Pour plusieurs filles, les sciences et les TIC ne sont pas des matieres scolaires qu'elles trouvent interessantes meme si elles y reussissent tres bien. Ces filles admettent que leurs experiences d'apprentissage en sciences et en TIC ne leur ont pas permis de developper un interet ni de se sentir confiante en leurs habiletes a reussir dans ces matieres. Par consequent, peu de filles choisissent de poursuivre leurs etudes postsecondaires dans ces disciplines. La theorie sociocognitive du choix carriere a ete choisie comme modele theorique pour mieux comprendre quelles variables entrent en jeu lorsque les filles choisissent leur carriere. Notre etude a pour objet la conception et l'evaluation de l'efficacite d'un materiel pedagogique concu specifiquement pour ameliorer les experiences d'apprentissage en sciences et en TIC des filles de 9e annee au Nouveau-Brunswick. L'approche pedagogique privilegiee dans notre materiel a mis en oeuvre des strategies pedagogiques issues des meilleures pratiques que nous avons identifiees et qui visaient particulierement l'augmentation du sentiment d'auto-efficacite et de l'interet des filles pour ces disciplines. Ce materiel disponible par Internet a l'adresse http://www.umoncton.ca/lirettn/scientic est directement en lien avec le programme d'etudes en sciences de la nature de 9e annee du Nouveau-Brunswick. L'evaluation de l'efficacite de notre materiel pedagogique a ete faite selon deux grandes etapes methodologiques: 1) l'evaluation de l'utilisabilite et de la convivialite du materiel et 2) l'evaluation de l'effet du materiel en fonction de diverses variables reliees a l'interet et au sentiment d'auto-efficacite des filles en sciences et en TIC. Cette recherche s'est inscrite dans un paradigme pragmatique de recherche. Le pragmatisme a guide nos choix en ce qui a trait au modele de recherche et des techniques utilisees. Cette recherche a associe a la fois des techniques qualitatives et quantitatives, particulierement en ce qui concerne la collecte et l'analyse de donnees. Les donnees recueillies dans la premiere etape de l'evaluation de l'utilisabilite et de la convivialite du materiel par les enseignantes et les enseignants de sciences et les filles ont revele que le materiel concu est tres utilisable et convivial. Toutefois quelques petites ameliorations seront apportees a une version subsequente afin de faciliter davantage la navigation. Quant a l'evaluation des effets du materiel concu sur les variables reliees au sentiment d'auto-efficacite et aux interets lors de l'etape quasi experimentale, nos donnees qualitatives ont indique que ce materiel a eu des effets positifs sur le sentiment d'auto-efficacite et sur les interets des filles qui l'ont utilise. Toutefois, nos donnees quantitatives n'ont pas permis d'inferer un lien causal direct entre l'utilisation du materiel et l'augmentation du sentiment d'auto-efficacite et des interets des filles en sciences et en TIC. A la lumiere des resultats obtenus, nous avons conclu que le materiel a eu les effets escomptes. Donc, nous recommandons la creation et l'utilisation de materiel de ce genre dans toutes les classes de sciences de la 6e annee a la 12e annee au Nouveau-Brunswick.

Lirette-Pitre, Nicole T.

2009-07-01

36

Les Cahiers de l'Acedle, numro 2, 2006, recherches en didactique des langues, colloque Acedle, juin 2005 Le cours de TIC : espace d'apprentissage linguistique ?  

E-print Network

, juin 2005 178 Le cours de TIC : espace d'apprentissage linguistique ? Joséphine R�MON Université Lumière, Lyon 2 Résumé Cet article explore l'hypothèse que le cours de TIC peut être un espace d ; didactique des TIC ; anglais langue seconde ; analyse d'erreurs Abstract The present article explores

Boyer, Edmond

37

Francais langue seconde: trousse d'evaluation--tests modeles pour les cours: French 31a (Avance 7); French 31b (Avance 8); French 31c (Avance 9) (French as a Second Language: Evaluation Resource Package--Model Tests for the Courses: French 31a (Advanced 7); French 31b (Advanced 8); French 31c (Advanced 9)).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French as a Second Language model tests for advanced levels 7, 8, and 9 were designed to evaluate students' language performance, as outlined in the program of studies for Alberta, Canada, in listening and reading comprehension and oral and written production, communication skills, culture, language and general language knowledge. The tests…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

38

Les mecanismes psychologiques sous-jacents a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde (The Psychological Mechanisms Related to the Learning of a Second Language). Publication B-99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles include: (1) "Variables psychologiques et sociales reliees a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde par l'immigrant adulte en situation scolaire" (Psychological and Social Variables Related to the Learning of a Second Language by the Adult Immigrant in the Academic Situation) by A. d'Anglejan and C. Renaud, (2) "Les contacts…

Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.; Vigneault, Richard, Ed.

39

Apprenez la Science en Francais?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explain why integrating the teaching of science and French is not as ridiculous as it may at first sound. They describe how this innovative integrated approach works in a primary school in Oxfordshire. The project involves Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). CLIL is a method whereby a curriculum subject is planned and…

Edmonds, Juliet; Jacobs, Pippa

2011-01-01

40

Universite Annee : 2008  

E-print Network

Lemaire, Ing´enieur de recherche `a Orange Labs, Lannion Rapporteurs : Antoine Cornu´ejols, Professeur `a Recherche en Informatique d'Angers 2, Bd Lavoisier, 49045 Angers Cedex 01 tel-00450124,version1-25Jan2010 : Antoine Cornu´ejols, Marc Tommasi, R´emi Guilleron, St´ephane Loiseau et B´eatrice Duval. Je remercie tous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

41

Rever d'une langue: Anthologie des ecoles d'immersion de l'Alberta de la maternelle a la 11e annee (Dreaming in One Language: An Anthology of Essays from Immersion Schools in Alberta from Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 11).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, launched by the French Council of the Alberta Teachers' Association and prepared under the Millennium Partnership Program in Canada, presents a collection of essays written by French language immersion students in the elementary and secondary grades. Essay topics touch on the following themes: remembering, dreaming, celebrating,…

Alberta Teachers Association, Edmonton.

42

Francais langue etrangere: l'enseignement de l'orthographe elementaire aux adolescents mal scolarises issus de milieux socio-culturels defavorises. Quelques notes sur une recherche (French as a Foreign Language: The Teaching of Elementary Spelling to Adolescents Who Were Slow Learners and Who Had Come from Disadvantaged Milieux. Some Research Notes). Acts of the Colloquium of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics. CILA Bulletin, No. 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reflections in this paper represent part of a study of disadvantaged 13 to 15 year-old children of immigrants in Switzerland. This section deals with the process of learning spelling. In order to observe the students' learning, the same dictation was given four times during the school year. The results were studied intuitively and…

Rey-von-Allmen, Micheline

43

L'interdisciplinarite en sciences sociales pour l'etude du contact des langues (Interdisciplinarity in Social Sciences of the Study of the Relationships of Languages). Proceedings of a Colloquium of the International Center for Research on Bilingualism and the Institute for Interethnic and Intercultural Studies and Research (2nd, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, October 1-5, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers given at an international conference applying the social sciences to the study of the relationships of languages include the following: "Reseaux sociaux et comportements langagiers en milieu de contact des langues" ("Social Networks and Language Behaviors in a Language Contact Setting") by M. Blanc and J. Hamers, with commentary by R.…

Prujiner, Alain, Ed.

44

UNSA Licence Informatique Annee 20032004  

E-print Network

Ecrire2, n'est appelâ??ee que 6400 fois, puisqu'elle ne recopie le gros bu#er sur le disque que lorsqu'il est plein, ce qui se produit 50 # 2 20 /8192 = 6400 fois. Chaque appel â??a EcritureSurDisqueF ct1 et â??economiser le nombre d'â??ecritures physiques sur disque (6400 au lieu de 3276800) est la moins couteuse (0

Pierre, Laurence

45

Genotype-phenotype correlations to aid in the prognosis of individuals with uncommon 20q13.33 subtelomere deletions: a collaborative study on behalf of the 'association des Cytogénéticiens de langue Française'.  

PubMed

The identification of subtelomeric rearrangements as a cause of mental retardation has made a considerable contribution to diagnosing patients with mental retardation. It is remarkable that for certain subtelomeric regions, deletions have hardly ever been reported so far. All the laboratories from the 'Association des Cytogénéticiens de Langue Française' were surveyed for cases where an abnormality of the subtelomere FISH analysis had been ascertained. Among 1511 cases referred owing to unexplained mental retardation, 115 (7.6%) patients showed a clinically significant subtelomeric abnormality. We report the clinical features and the molecular cytogenetic delineation of isolated de novo deletions on 20q13.33 in two cases. Detailed mapping was performed by micro-array CGH in one patient and confirmed by FISH in the two patients. We compare our data with the only three patients reported in the literature. Both patients shared a deleted region of approximately 1.33 Mb including 40 genes, with a 324 kb difference between the two patients. Haploinsufficiency for CHRNA4 and ARFGAP1 may have contributed towards a severe phenotype. In addition, the data in all patients suggest that haploinsufficiency for SOX18 may not cause the hypotrichosis-lymphedema-telangiectasia syndrome, or causes milder disease. Our study gives important information by defining the size of imbalance and better predicting the phenotype. Two clinically distinct phenotypes may be drawn, a mild mental retardation or a more complex and severe phenotype, according to the presence or absence of the CHRNA4 and ARFGAP1 genes respectively. PMID:17290276

Béri-Deixheimer, Mylène; Gregoire, Marie-José; Toutain, Annick; Brochet, Karène; Briault, Sylvain; Schaff, Jean-Luc; Leheup, Bruno; Jonveaux, Philippe

2007-04-01

46

Evocation des Travaux Francais sur Latimeria Notamment Depuis 1972  

Microsoft Academic Search

French research on Latimeria published before 1972 is first briefly recalled. After the Anglo--Franco--American Expedition of 1972, the material obtained enabled us to focus attention on the histology of the kidney and ureter and on ultrastructural aspects of the postanal gland. Ovarian eggs of unusual volume have been collected, measured and weighed. Kinematic analysis of the intracranial articulation was carried

J. Anthony

1980-01-01

47

Roumanie: Le Francais d'abord (Romania: French First).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty percent of the schools in Iasi, Moldova's capital city, teach French as a second language. The city's French Cultural Center is a focus for educational and cultural information and organization. The center helped upgrade the professional level of teaching following the demise of communism in Eastern Europe. (CNP)

Serren-Rosso, M. L.

1993-01-01

48

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 7 (Early French Immersion: French 7)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for seventh grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives and addresses the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four…

Burt, Andy; And Others

49

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 4 (Early French Immersion: French 4).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for fourth grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives for the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four language…

Burt, Andy; And Others

50

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 6 (Early French Immersion: French 6)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for sixth grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives and addresses the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four…

Burt, Andy; And Others

51

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 2 (Early French Immersion: French 2).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for second grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives for the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the primary grades and learning objectives for the four language…

Burt, Andy; And Others

52

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 5 (Early French Immersion: French 5).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for fifth grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives and addresses the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four…

Burt, Andy; And Others

53

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 3 (Early French Immersion: French 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for third grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives for the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the primary grades and learning objectives for the four language…

Burt, Andy; And Others

54

Algorithme d'Euclide annee universitaire 2013  

E-print Network

Algorithme d'Euclide ann´ee universitaire 2013 L'objectif de cette s´eance de travaux pratiques est : le th´eor`eme de G. Lam´e, l'approche binaire et l'algorithme d'Euclide ´etendu. 1 Nombre d'algorithme d'Euclide pour d´eterminer pgcd(a, b). 1. Implanter ullong pgcd(ullong a,ullong b) en utilisant l

Faccanoni, Gloria

55

Annee : 2003 d'ordre : 593  

E-print Network

nous avons pu avoir m'ont permis de faire ´evoluer mes id´ees et de me donner une autre vision de la´e, Val´erie et Thomas Dio- nisi, Denis Flamant, Nordine Fourour, Sibylle H´eron, Anne et Beno^it Huched

Barichard, Vincent

56

d'ordre : 4655 Annee 2012 presentee  

E-print Network

No d'ordre : 4655 Ann´ee 2012 TH`ESE pr´esent´ee pour obtenir le titre de DOCTEUR DE L-encadrant Préparée à l'Universit´e Bordeaux 1 351 cours de la Lib´eration - 33405 Talence Cedex Laboratoire d auraient été longues et dépourvues d'humour, Vincent P. le plus prometteur de tous, Hector qui a apporté à

Fernandez, Thomas

57

ENSIMAG 3EME ANNEE MODELISATION SURFACIQUE  

E-print Network

, derivées, raccordement de plusieurs facettes. 4. Surfaces de Coons. 5. Surfaces de subdivision: Schémas de, derivatives, continuity. 4. Coons patches. 5. Subdivision surfaces: Catmul-Clark, Butterfly and Loop's scheme

Hahmann, Stefanie

58

Annee : 2005 Nd'ordre : 712  

E-print Network

Informatique d'Angers 2, Bd Lavoisier, 49045 Angers Cedex 01 #12;#12;Remerciements Tout d'abord, je tiens `a- bault, Antoine Robin, Eduardo Rodriguez Tello pour les bons moments pass´es en leur compagnie. Je n

Lardeux, Frédéric

59

Pourquoi les langues etrangeres (Why Foreign Languages)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 'Association Linguistique Franco-Europeenne' analyzed 1600 questionnaires completed by French students to find out the motives for choosing the languages they study versus which languages they would like to study. The results are tabulated. The general conclusion is that multilingualism is beneficial to world peace and should be encouraged.…

van Deth, J. P.

1975-01-01

60

Les langues, les differences (Languages, Differences).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The large number of languages coexisting on the planet is a reminder of nature's universal penchant for diversity. Foreign languages are foreign in different ways to different populations, but when these differences are recognized, cultural pluralism can be accommodated. (MSE)

Weinrich, Harald

1989-01-01

61

INSA Lyon, 1re annee, groupe 15 7 novembre 2006  

E-print Network

nombre r´eel. On d´efinit : A + B = {x + y; x A, y B} et A = {x; x A} . En suivant cette d'il existe un nombre r´eel x1 tel que g(x1) eel x2 tel que g(x2 qu'il existe un r´eel x tel que g(x) = x. 2 #12;

Kloeckner, Benoît R.

62

d'ordre : 2007-13 Annee 2007 presentee `a  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix 1 NDT techniques for concrete structures 1 1.1 Overview and inhomogeneities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 Most commonly used NDT

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Annee 2011 presentee pour obtenir le titre de  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 4 Application: The SMART1 mission 101 4.1 Mission definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 4.2 Minimum time transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 4.3 Minimum fuel the Moon. While a practical control law for this mission was found using direct methods, the full solution

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

64

Agregation interne de Mathematiques annee 2014-2015  

E-print Network

. alg./g´eom. FrD analyse MG 2 10 sept. alg./g´eom. FrD analyse MG 3 17 sept. alg./g´eom. FrD alg./g´eom. FrD 4 24 sept. alg./analyse MG analyse MG 5 1 oct. analyse FrD analyse MG 6 8 oct. alg./g´eom. FrD analyse MG 7 15 oct. alg./g´eom. FrD analyse MG 20 oct. devoir 9h­15h analyse 21 oct. devoir 9h­15h alg./g´eom

Petite, Samuel

65

Presentation de la 3e annee Departement informatique et mathematiques  

E-print Network

temps Le projet long (8 cr´edits, dont 1 d'anglais) Cours de gestion de projet, etc en janvier Projet d´evelopp´e´ecurit´e et informatique l´egale Web s´emantique Recherche d'informations, moteurs de recherche Analyse de donn´ees / Data mining Projet long Approche industrielle du d´eveloppement de logiciel Gestion de

Grigoras, .Romulus

66

Le premier vocabulaire de sciences cognitives en langue française  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives contains 130 alphabetically ordered entries, each entry corresponding to a different word or expression used in cognitive science. The entries are treated from the point of view of each of the five main disciplines contributing to cognitive science: artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, philosophy, and psychology. The texts concerning a given entry form distinct sections labeled

SERGE LAROCHELLE; GUY LAPALME; DANIEL LAURIER; ISABELLE PERETZ; ALAIN POLGUÈRE

1999-01-01

67

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY MONTPELLIER III LANGUES, LITTRATURES, CULTURES, CIVILISATIONS  

E-print Network

par Philippe MARTEL / August RAFANELL Soutenue le 18 décembre 2012 Jury : Emili BOIX, professeur de l'Institut d'Estudis Catalans (expert invité) Philippe MARTEL, professeur, Université Paul sincèrement, je remercie : - Philippe Martel, pour la direction de cette thèse de doctorat, - August Rafanell

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

68

Web smantique et traitement automatique des langues Bruno Menon  

E-print Network

points de contact. Une enquête sur Google Une rapide enquête sur Google (http://www.google.fr/) fait Google Nombre de pages contenant les différentes paires de termes Ce petit sondage, sans aucune-ce en partie une question de personnes, car les promoteurs du WS au World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) sont

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

"L'unilinguisme" francais contre le changement sociolinguistique (French "Unilingualism" versus Sociolinguistic Change).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the French unilingual, also seen as a sociolinguistic ideology, in its varieties, especially since the French Revolution: an ideology based on few representations that are both inner and outer linguistic. The article also discusses the attitude of the unilingual in the collective epilinguistic field of experiment. One…

Boyer, Henri

2001-01-01

70

Chine: Les Chances du Francais (The Fortunes of the French Language in China).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the current situation in China surrounding the teaching of French as a Foreign Language. After the decline of French teaching subsequent to the Cultural Revolution, the language returned to favor around 1970. Chinese students are infatuated with French; many study it as a first or second foreign language. Additionally, French literature…

Shuning, Zhang

1996-01-01

71

"Une Certaine idee du francais": The Dilemma for French Language Policy in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global French-speaking community recognizes the need to better coordinate its efforts to assert the vitality of French in a world increasingly dominated by English. In pursuing this goal, the Francophone world has developed an identity crisis. Defenders of French face difficult questions about the relationship between language and culture and…

Shelly, Sharon L.

1999-01-01

72

Une Nouvelle Place pour le francais au Senegal? (A New Place for French in Senegal?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the role of the French language in Senegal first chronicles language and education policy from the colonial period until 1980, then cites research indicating that French is infrequently used for personal purposes. Recent initiatives to strengthen its status and usage, and obstacles to their success, are outlined. (MSE)

Ka, Omar

1993-01-01

73

Technoscientific French Teaching Guide = Guide pour l'enseignement du Francais technoscientifique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course guide aids university professors in doing research to develop a course in scientific and technical French. The course is intended to aid students in developing communicative skills in French in the context of science and technology. The course introduces students to the culture of France as well as to its industrial and technological…

Muller, Brigitte D.

74

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Intermediare (Competency Based French, Intermediate).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical lessons at the intermediate level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational dialogues. Lesson topics include: introducing oneself; introducing…

Dimanche, Maurice

75

Les Ambitions de Sarkozy et Le Leadership Francais dans L'Intervention en Libye de 2011  

Microsoft Academic Search

En mars 2011, la communauté internationale s'est réunie pour soutenir les ambitions démocratiques des manifestants libyens et pour s'opposer vigoureusement à la violence perpétrée par Kadhafi contre son peuple. Nicolas Sarkzoy, président de la République française, a joué un rôle clé dans les négociations qui ont entraîné la mise en place d'une zone d'exclusion aérienne et le lancement d'une opération

Heather Annette Siegel

2012-01-01

76

Le Francais des Professions Scientifiques et Techniques (French for the Scientific and Technical Professions).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two sequential courses in scientific and technical French developed as a supplement to third- and fourth-year college French, in response to expressed student and industry demand, had as their objectives to develop a general familiarity with products of the large French industrial companies and their United States affiliates and to develop means…

Muller, Brigitte

77

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

78

Australie: Pour quelques mots de francais (Australia: For a Little French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian campaign to promote French second-language instruction uses the motto, "Big Bucks with a Little French." The campaign accompanies publication of the book "French in Australia: New Prospects," which seeks to reinforce and diversify the image of French and its use around the world, for business and pleasure. (MSE)

Monteil, Alain

1991-01-01

79

A Quoi Sert le Genre Grammatical en Francais Moderne? (What Purpose Gender in Modern French?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The usage of gender, traditionally attributed to an early animist perception of the world and surviving in most Indoeuropean Languages, has lost its rationale. Its primary advantages are in distinguishing between homophones and between third person pronouns, but the impossibility of system modification guarantees its survival. (Text is in French.)…

Parris, David L.

1975-01-01

80

Le Francais parle en situation minoritaire: Volume I (French Spoken in Minority Situations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A previous study indicated localities in which students speak French most of the time, localities where they speak it only sometimes, and one locality between the two extremes. The study reported here was of students in three localities belonging to the groups just mentioned, namely, Cornwall, Pembroke, and North Bay. It revealed that students who…

Mougeon, Raymond; And Others

81

Les premieres acquisitions syntaxiques chez des enfants francais unilingues (Early Syntactical Acquistions in French Monolingual Children)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines child acquisition of syntax through a chronological distributional analysis. The main point is that the development of syntactic relations is neither behaviorist nor pre-programmed but dynamic, and that therefore child linguistic development cannot be described in terms of an innate adult language ideal. (Text is in French.)…

Sabeau-Jouannet, Emilie

1975-01-01

82

L'enseignement du francais par ordinateur: Les programmes conversationnels au Cafe (Cours autodidactique de francais ecrit) [Teaching French by Computer: Conversational Programs in "Cafe" (Self-instructional Course in Written French)].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer technology has been used to develop "Cafe," a self-instructional course in written French communication, which is offered to the general public by the University of Montreal. The course consists of three workbooks containing 1200 items dealing with vocabulary, spelling, punctuation, agreements, morphology, syntax, and fine points of…

Landriault, Bernard; Connolly, Guy

1980-01-01

83

Le francais assiste par ordinateur des colleges et des universities du Canada (French CALL in Canadian Colleges and Universities).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory presents the results of a national survey of Canadian colleges and universities concerning faculty's use of computer-assisted French language instruction. The listings, arranged alphabetically by province or territory, and within these by institution, contain the responding faculty member's name, address, e-mail address, fax and…

Bougaieff, Andre

84

Images de la variation du francais: dominantes et harmoniques, changements (Images of Variation in French: Dominant and Harmonic, Changes).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study gathered knowledge on an ill-explored field: attitudes toward French in France. It discusses ways and means to produce empirical data on this issue. Data indicate that the field described deserves investigation because, alongside standard French, the other "parlure" sampled in this study produce a variety of different attitudes and…

Castellotti, Veronique; De Robillard, Didier

2001-01-01

85

Pour une typologie des anglicismes en francais du Canada (Toward a Typology of Anglicisms in Canadian French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that anglicisms in Canadian French cover a much broader spectrum than in any European variety of French, with traits of the English language incorporated into spelling, pronunciation, morphology, syntax, lexicon, and phraseology. A typology of these features is proposed, with examples. (Author/MSE)

Meney, Lionel

1994-01-01

86

Vers un renouveau du "mirage americain" dans les lettres francais (Toward a Renewal of the "American Mirage" in French Literature)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social and political commentary on the alternating images of America projected in French writing through the years; revised version of a paper presented at the 25th Annual Kentucky Foreign Language Conference, Lexington, Kentucky, April 28, 1972. (RL)

Huvos, Kornel

1973-01-01

87

Apprentissage accelere du Francais: Une experience dans l'enseignement secondaire (Accelerated Apprenticeship of French: An Experience in Secondary Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the teaching of French-as-a-Second-Language in Holland. The following questions are discussed: (1) Can an intensive teaching method be used in a nonintensive setting? (2) Can learning be accelerated (i.e., can two years be taught in one). (SBR)

Sciarone, A. G.; Montens, F.

1990-01-01

88

La langue etrangere: reflexion sur le statut de la langue francaise en Algerie (Foreign Language: Reflections on the Status of the French Language in Algeria).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unstable linguistic situation in Algeria resulting from official "normalization" in a country in which French has strong colonial roots is discussed, as well as its effects on the status of French instruction. (MSE)

Morsly, Dalila

1984-01-01

89

UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2007 UFR SCIENCES N d'ordre: 837  

E-print Network

'UNE ESPECE INVASIVE: LE CAS DU VISON D'AMERIQUE (MUSTELA VISON SCHREBER, 1777) EN BRETAGNE THESE DE DOCTORAT ............................................................................................... 1 1.2. L'invasion du Vison d'Amérique en France................................................................. 20 2. DISTRIBUTION, VARIATIONS MORPHOLOGIQUES ET DEMOGRAPHIE DE LA POPULATION DE VISON D'AMERIQUE EN

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

338-2012 Annee 2012 th`ese de l'universite de Lyon  

E-print Network

2013 #12;Citations « C'est avec l'intuition qu'on trouve et les maths qu'on prouve ! » Henri Poincar´e, Math´ematicien Fran¸cais (1854-1912) Phrases Cultes : « C'est "identique" ... aux diff´erences pr

Boyer, Edmond

91

Seminaire BOURBAKI Mars 2012 64`eme annee, 2011-2012, no 1054  

E-print Network

theorem from 2004, Green and Tao showed that there exist arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions). -- The primes contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. Moreover, the same is true of any subset an infinite arithmetic progression. Suppose that P(j) = a + jd for some a, d N takes prime values for j = 0

Wolf, Julia

92

UNIVERSIT JOSEPH FOURIER GRENOBLE I ANNEE 2010 ECOLE DOCTORALE CHIMIE ET SCIENCE DU VIVANT  

E-print Network

........................................ 11 II- Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt ........................................................................................................................... 14 II.2- Bacillus thuringiensis, un insecticide « propre.................................................................................................................. 16 II.3.1- Diversité de toxines produites par Bacillus thuringiensis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Physics 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Physique 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, in both English and French versions, is the Physics 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

94

No d'ordre HDR 2012001 Annee 2012 Habilitation `a Diriger des Recherches  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.2 Ecoulement de polym`eres fondus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3 M´ethodes num´esulats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 6 Plastification des polym`eres dans les ensembles vis-fourreau 45 6.1 Introduction fibres en phase fondue . . . . . . . . . . 58 6.3 Mod´elisation de l'´ecoulement dans un chenal de vis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

95

Les Canadiens sont-ils plus susceptibles de perdre leur emploi au cours des annees 1990?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les Canadiens sont de plus en plus preoccupes par l'instabilite croissante de l'emploi. L'instabilite de l'emploi peut prendre diverses formes et peut etre mesuree de multiples facons. S'inscrivant dans le cadre d'un effort global de recherche visant a examiner l'instabilite de l'emploi, le present article s'appuie sur le Fichier longitudinal des travailleurs (FLT), qui contient les cessations d'emploi des travailleurs

Garnett Zhengxi Lin Picot

1996-01-01

96

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N D.U. 1754 ANNEE 2007  

E-print Network

methods (Central Leader vs. Centrifugal Training) were studied on three architecturally-contrasted apple an electromagnetic device at shoot scale twice during the first year and at harvest during the second year. Shoots vs. Conduite Centrifuge) est étudié sur trois cultivars de pommiers architecturalement distincts

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

97

Lecture a contre-fil de la captivite, litterature marocaine feminine des annees 1990  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Re-Reading Captivity in the Works of Three Moroccan Women Novelists of the 90s The key objective of this research is to explore new ways of reading the central theme of captivity in the novels of three Moroccan ...

Alaoui, Malika

2010-05-31

98

Universite de Bourgogne UFR Sciences et Techniques Annee 2013-2014  

E-print Network

fortune et 30% l'amour. 1- Comme Mme Irma ne conna^it pas les souhaits des clients, elle leur promet au hasard soit la fortune, soit l'amour. Quelle est la probabilit´e qu'un client pris au hasard soit

99

Travaux Diriges de Programmation Imperative no Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Annee  

E-print Network

pour ´ecrire la suite du programme. 1 v o i t u r e t c r e e r v o i t u r e d e c a p o t a b l e (){ 2 r o u e t avant = c r e e r r o u e ( c r e e r c e r c l e ( c r e e r p o i n t ( 2 , 2 ) , 0 . 6 ) , 3 c r e e r c e r c l e ( c r e e r p o i n t ( 3 , 2 ) , 1 ) ) ; 4 r o u e t a r r i e r e

David, Julien

100

Numero d'ordre : 186 Annee 2010 THESE DE L'UNIVERSITE DE LYON  

E-print Network

) was implemented on a 4.7 T scanner and applied to detect indicators of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD diseases in rodents __________________________________________________________________________ RESUME en of detecting pulmonary MRI signal, thus providing an opportunity to develop new imaging tools

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

101

No d'ordre: 191-97 Annee 1997 presentee devant  

E-print Network

Coordination Thematiques: - Sciences de la Matiere et Technologies M. J. F. Jal, Chercheur C.N.R.S. - Sciences. Thiriet Observatoire de Lyon Directeur: M. le Pr. R. Bacon Institut des Sciences et des Techniques de l

Falcon, Eric

102

EDP, Elements finis, UCP, Annee 2009-2010 MASTER MADOCS, A rendre le 23 oct  

E-print Network

la valeur discr`ete au point (tn, xj). On consid`ere le sch´ema de differences finis un+1 j = un j-1 + un j + un j+1 (2). 1. A quelles conditions sur les constantes , et le sch´ema (2) est-il con- sistant avec l'´equation (1)? 2. Montrer qu'il existe un unique choix de , et pour que le sch´ema soit

Daveau, Christian

103

UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2009 N D'ORDRE 1006  

E-print Network

'Angers INRA site d'Angers, 42, rue Georges Morel, BP60057, 49071 Beaucouzé cedex tel-00482385,version1-10May bactériologique. Voilà donc l'équipe GéFIN au complet, Nat, le Chef, Dupondt, James, Sonia, Patton, Roncevaux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

104

Funding of Schools, 2000-2001 School Year = Financement des ecoles, Annee scolaire 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Available in English or French, this reference guide summarizes the funding of Manitoba public schools for the 2000-2001 school year. School funding for operating and capital expenses is administered by the provincial government. Following a list of 2000-2001 revisions to the Schools Finance Program, the first section describes base support. The…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

105

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE N D.U. 2307 ANNEE 2012  

E-print Network

, Clermont-Ferrand II Membres Mme B. CARPENTIER ­ Directeur de Recherche, ANSES, Maisons-Alfort M. M. H�BRAUD Dijon, d'avoir accepté d'être rapporteurs de ce travail. Je remercie également Brigitte Carpentier techniques de protéomique et Nelly Caccia pour son aide technique tout au long de ces années. Je souhaite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

106

Numero d'ordre : 2002 -23 Annee 2002 PRESENTEE POUR OBTENIR LE TITRE DE  

E-print Network

, Laboratoire MSS-MAT, ´Ecole Centrale Paris Rapporteur S. Bellizzi, Charg´e de Recherche (HDR), Laboratoire LMA Sergio Bellizzi, Charg´e de Recherche au CNRS, pour avoir accept´e d'^etre les rapporteurs de ce m

Boyer, Edmond

107

Boîte à outils TAL pour des langues peu informatisées : le cas du somali  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of corpora is a critical phase of systems of natural language processing based on statistical methods. This point is crucial for less equipped and less computerized languages like African languages. This paper aims to present different tools for Somali language and different scenarios to build corpora for this language : A gathered corpora from the web, Syntex, a

Abdillahi Nimaan; Pascal Nocera; Juan-Manuel Torres-Moreno

2006-01-01

108

The "Federation Internationale des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes (FIPLV)" and Language Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines work undertaken by FIPLV as an affiliate of UNESCO in the development of a document outlining linguistic human rights. The paper examines how subsequent drafts have been modified and identifies some of the difficulties experienced in developing the drafts. After more than two decades of work, the process is still incomplete.…

Cunningham, Denis

2003-01-01

109

Les langues minoritaires en contexte; Minderheitensprachen im Kontext (Minority Languages in Context).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles in Italian, English, French, and German address issues in minority languages and minority language groups. They include: "The Role of Italian in Some Changes in Walser Morphosyntax" (article in Italian); "Compensatory Linguistic Strategies in the Gradual Death Process of a Minority Language: Evidence from Some Dying Dialects of Basque";…

Gross, Anna-Alice Dazzi, Ed.; Mondada, Lorenza, Ed.

1999-01-01

110

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY -MONTPELLIER III -Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

vraiment appliquée, même par ses épigones tel Jacques Monod, et n'est pas applicable. Les raisons de ces never really been applied, even by his followers like Jacques Monod, and is not applicable. The reasons'UNIVERSIT� PAUL VAL�RY - MONTPELLIER III - PHILOSOPHIE MICHEL-BECHET Jacques LE CRIT�RE DE D�MARCATION DE KARL R

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

Dictionnaires linguistiques et traductifs (classer la seconde langue (autre que franais) si traductif) AG5 = ANGLAIS  

E-print Network

. BF173.D665 = DOLTO Françoise BF173.F349 = FERENCZI Sandor BF173.F889 = FREUD Sigmund BF173.F890 = FREUD Anna BF173.G795 = GREEN André CLASSIFICATION DE LA BIBLIOTHEQUE DE PSYCHOLOGIE ET DES SCIENCES DE

Nesterov, Yurii

112

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY -MONTPELLIER III Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

SIGMUND FREUD................................................ 25 1. Freud ............................................................................... 32 4. Le commentaire de Freud........................................................................................ 49 6. De Freud à Lacan : ponctuations cliniques et théoriques................................ 51 6

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

UNIVERSITV PAUL-VALRY --MONTPELLIER III ARTS, LETTRES, LANGUES, SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES  

E-print Network

which allows the union of two persons and two families. In legal terms, only the civil marriage has-26Sep2012 #12;Résumé en anglais Title : African marriage, between tradition and modernity. A socio-anthropological study of couple and marriage in the Gabonese culture. Abstract In Gabon, marriage is an institution

Boyer, Edmond

114

savoir jouer avec les mots > Vous tes passionn des langues et de l'criture?  

E-print Network

juridique et administrative, scientifique et technique, commerciale et économique, médicale et pharma, services aux entreprises, industrie pharma- ceutique, télécommunications, services finan- ciers

Parrott, Lael

115

TALN Archives : une archive numrique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement Automatique de la Langue  

E-print Network

TALN Archives : une archive numérique francophone des articles de recherche en Traitement'est disponible. Cet article présente la construction de TALN Archives, une archive numérique francophone des des méta-données que nous avons extraites et dévoilons l'identité du Kevin Bacon de TALN Archives, i

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

These trewe conclusions in Englissh : langues, cultures et autorits dans l'Angleterre du XIVe  

E-print Network

production peut être perçue en feuilletant les dix volumes du Manual of Middle English Writings (dir. Albert de lecteurs cultivés qui lisent pour leur plaisir et leur instruction et un troisième niveau de ; and that of the pragmatic reader, which is the literacy of one who has to read or write in the course of transacting any

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

117

[TALAF-O.3] Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014  

E-print Network

Soyuza Pechatnikov st., 190121 St.-Petersburg, Russia kmaslinsky@hse.ru Résumé. L'article traite du Bailleul in electronic form, and comprehensive dictionaries by Gerard Dumestre and Valentin Vydrin were

118

Deuxime Colloque International CR 32 de l'Association internationale des sociologues de langue franaise (AISLF)  

E-print Network

(Israël, Liban, les territoires Palestiniens occupés). La culture issue de l'Empire ottoman, les territoires Palestiniens occupés (Cisjordanie, bande de Gaza, parfois nommées Palestine, PS), cf. carte page

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

119

Situation economique et sociale des immigrants au Canada : recherche et elaboration de donnees a Statistique Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Au cours des 25 dernieres annees, on a assiste a une degradation plus ou moins permanente de la situation economique des nouveaux immigrants au Canada. Toutefois, la situation economique des Canadiens de deuxieme generation (les enfants des immigrants) est plus positive. De plus, apres quatre annees passees au Canada et en depit de difficultes economiques, la plupart des immigrants qui

Garnett Picot

2008-01-01

120

E-COSM Rencontres Scientifiques de l'IFP 2-4 Octobre 2006, Proceedings, pp. 111-119 Copyright c 2006, Institut Francais du Petrole  

E-print Network

Turbocharger (VGT) using gain scheduling PI controllers as in [5,6,7]. The PI gains are tuned with respect to cast the drivers requests into transients between operating points. Estimation of required variables of engine speed and fueling rate. PI gains are generated by the inverted plant gain at each oper- ating

121

Variation et heterogeneite de recits en francais de jeunes eleves tunisiens (Variation and Heterogeneity of the French Narrative Productions of Young Tunisian Students).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes narrative productions in the French of 10 Tunisian pupils selected from 2 schools (1 in an urban area, 1 in a rural area) in Tunisia (Tunis). The purpose of the study was to observe the development of the French language in native Tunisian Arabic speakers. Particular attention is focused on the narrative structure and time…

Anane, Chiraz

2001-01-01

122

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Experimental and theoretical investigation of  

E-print Network

and theoretical investigation of magnetorheological elastomers K. Danasa, S.V. Kankanalab, N. Triantafyllidisa a : Magnetorheological elastomers (MREs) are ferromagnetic particle impregnated elastomers whose me- chanical properties ; Magnetorheological Elastomers ; Ma- gnetomechanical experiments 1 Introduction Devices made of magneto-rheological

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

Connaissance et Usage d'Anglicismes par des Francais de Paris (Knowledge and Usage of Anglicisms by French People in Paris)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A synthesis of a research project treating the relationship between the comprehension of English words, the ability to use them and their actual usage by members of various social groups in Paris. Topics covered are: methodology, classification of words, reactions of informants and interpretation of data. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Cartier, Alice

1977-01-01

124

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Robustesse des mod`eles numeriques du comportement vibroacoustique des  

E-print Network

-La-Vall´ee, France Email: soize@univ-mlv.fr R´esum´e : La conception des v´ehicules automobiles s'appuie de mani medium, some parts are more sensitive to uncertainties than others. Mots-clefs : vibroacoustique ; incertitudes ; robustesse ; automobile ; probabiliste 1 Introduction Dans l'industrie automobile, la simulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Transition to turbulence in globally subcritical systems  

E-print Network

to turbulence in flows lacking linear instability modes, such as Poiseuille pipe flow (PPF) and plane CouetteCouette flow transient spots Rg 325 sustained spots/stripes 415 280 FIG. 1 ­ Bifurcation diagram in the case et haute de la r´egion de transition. Abstract : Taking the example of plane Couette flow, we discuss

Boyer, Edmond

126

19`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Qu'est-ce qui determine la taille des dunes?  

E-print Network

taille des dunes? M´ecanismes et lois d'´echelle. B. Andreotti, P. Claudin et A. Fourri`ere Laboratoire des rides aquatiques et des dunes ´eoliennes. Nous montrons qu'un lit plat est lin´eairement instable´edimentaire. Au-del`a du r´egime lin´eaire, les rides ou dunes interagissent et grossissent jusqu'`a une taille

Claudin, Philippe

127

Synthese et methodologie des moyens de correction phonetique du "R" francais enseigne aux anglophones (Methods of Correcting the Pronunciation of the French "R" for English Speakers).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present work begins with a phonetic description of the acceptable French /R/ and descriptions of several allophones of English /R/ which must be avoided while learning the French. Various theories are discussed concerning the relationship between the position of the /R/ in an utterance and the difficulty students have in pronouncing it…

Lebel, Jean-Guy

128

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Contr^ole en boucle ouverte d'un ecoulement compressible  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Contr^ole en boucle ouverte d la perspective d'un contr^ole r´ealiste des instationnarit´es des ´ecoulements d'arri`ere-corps. Les global responsable de l'apparition des instationnarit´es. Nous consid´erons plusieurs m´ethodes de contr^ole

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Strategie de calcul adaptatif pour des probl`emes  

E-print Network

,gosselet,rey}@lmt.ens-cachan.fr web : http ://www.lmt.ens-cachan.fr R´esum´e : Cette ´etude pr´esente une strat´egie d´edi´ee `a la v l'ing´enierie des structures, qui feront ainsi l'objet de nos d´eveloppements futurs. Notre d´ecaniques complexes tout en garantissant une exigence de pr´ecision initiale donn´ee. Nos d´eveloppe- ments reposent

Boyer, Edmond

130

Patterns and Policies: The Changing Demographics of Foreign Language Instruction. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Changing Patterns: Curricular Implications," includes "Basic Assumptions Revisited: Today's French and Spanish Students at a Large Metropolitan University" (Gail Guntermann, Suzanne Hendrickson, and Carmen de Urioste) and "Le Francais et Mort, Vive le Francais: Rethinking the Function…

Liskin-Gasparro, Judith E., Ed.

131

Actes en ligne de DoSciLa 2013 La langue en contexte, Paris Diderot, 5 avril 2013 13 Actes en ligne de DoSciLa 2013 La langue en contexte  

E-print Network

the spontaneous oral speech of Naima, a little girl from CHILDES, between 0;11 and 3;10. I will also compare the top ten phrasal verbs used by Naima and her mother, and show the correlation between the most frequent phrasal verbs in adult speech and the earliest constructions acquired by Naima. RESUME Il a beaucoup été

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

132

Agregation de Mathematiques, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Lecons d'Oral 224, Annee 2006-2007  

E-print Network

'alors un - cKn . (R´ef´erence : Pommellet) Exercice 4 (Tranformation de Toeplitz) Soit (cnm) une suite^eme limite. Montrer que T est r´eguli`ere si et seulement si la suite (cnm) v´erifie les trois conditions i) A tel que Cn = + m=0 |cnm| cnm n+ 0, iii) + m=0 cnm n+ 1. (R

Berthelin, Florent

133

Agregation de Mathematiques, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Lecons d'Oral, Annee 2005-2006  

E-print Network

) Soit (cnm) une suite double. Pour (un) une suite, on pose (si c'est possible) (Tu)n = + m=0 cnmum convergente et de m^eme limite. Montrer que T est r´eguli`ere si et seulement si la suite (cnm) v´erifie les trois conditions i) A tel que Cn = + m=0 |cnm| cnm n+ 0, iii) + m=0

Berthelin, Florent

134

d'ordre: 147-2012 Annee 2012 TH`ESE de l'UNIVERSITE DE LYON  

E-print Network

N d'ordre: 147-2012 Ann´ee 2012 TH`ESE de l'UNIVERSIT´E DE LYON D´elivr´ee par Universit´e Claude Sud - Administrateur provisoire : M. le Professeur Charles M´erieux G. KIRKORIAN HUFR d Sciences et Technologies Directeur : M. le Professeur F. De MARCHI D´epartement Biologie Directeur : M. le

Boyer, Edmond

135

Licence 3 Miage P. Crescenzo et I. Mirbel U.N.S. Annee universitaire 2014/2015  

E-print Network

´ees Les formes normales 2/2 TP 3 EXERCICE 1 Soit un sch´ema relationnel pour g´erer les emprunts de dvds sch´ema pour obtenir un sch´ema relationnel en 2NF tout en pr´eservant les d´ependances. Attention n'est pas le cas, modifier le sch´ema afin d'obtenir un r´esultat en 3NF. · Les tables obtenues sont

Mirbel, Isabelle

136

Faculte des Sciences et Techniques -TOURS Annee 2007-2008 Module UEL1/O1 : Analyse Numerique des EDP'S (I).  

E-print Network

´esoudre (P), on consid`ere une grille uniforme : xj = jx pour j = 0, · · · , N + 1 avec x = 1 N+1 et le sch´ema. Dire rapidement pourquoi ce sch´ema est consistant et donner son ordre. 6. Montrer que ce sch´ema est (uj)j du sch´ema : max j |uj - u(xj)| = O((x)2 ) . II. Equation de transport Pour l'´equation de

Barles, Guy

137

Licence 3 Miage P. Crescenzo et I. Mirbel U.N.S. Annee universitaire 2013/2014  

E-print Network

´ees Les formes normales 2/2 TP 3 EXERCICE 1 Soit un sch´ema relationnel: video (NumClt, NomClt, Prenom pourquoi cette table n'est pas en 2NF. · D´ecomposer le sch´ema pour obtenir un sch´ema relationnel en 2NF sont-elles en 3NF ? Expliquer votre r´eponse. Si ce n'est pas le cas, modifier le sch´ema afin d

Mirbel, Isabelle

138

Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Stagiare. Langue: Malagasy Ofisialy (Peace Corps Madagascar Volunteer Manual. Language: Official Malagasy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for Malagasy is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel working in Madagascar. It is written primarily in English and Malagasy, with introductory sections in French. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on needed materials,…

Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

139

Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Formateur. Langue: Sakalava (Peace Corps Madagascar Teacher's Manual. Language: Sakalava).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's manual for Sakalava, a dialect of Malagasy, is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel in Madagascar. It is written primarily in French and Sakalava, with some titles in English. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on…

Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

140

Interference lexicale dans la langue quebecoise rurale (1900-1950) (Lexical Interference in Rural Quebec's Language, 1900-1950).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of rural Quebec's language showed that by comparison with the urban version, it is less influenced by anglicisms, and the borrowing that has occurred is not solely of terms of civilization designating objects or notions susceptible to exchange between anglophones and francophones in Quebec. Certain anglicisms seem to have become integrated…

Rogers, David-F.

141

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 On-going Cooperative Research towards Developing Economy-Oriented  

E-print Network

and French is impassable in most situations. Concerning the economy, the cooperation between China and France-going Cooperative Research towards Developing Economy-Oriented Chinese-French SMT Systems with a New SMT Framework and Technology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China (2) GETALP, Laboratoire d'Informatique Grenoble (LIG

142

L'aptitude a l'apprentissage des langues etrangeres, mythe ou realite? (Foreign Language Learning Aptitude, Myth or Reality?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of language aptitude tests in the U.S., examines the notion of aptitude in general, and attempts to answer the question of whether the notion of "language aptitude" is a valid one. (AM)

Bogaardo, Paul

1980-01-01

143

L'apprentissage d'une langue etrangere comme ouverture culturelle (Second Language Learning as a Cultural Opportunity).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been suggested that the learning of a second language is not only a practical matter, as is commonly emphasized in discussion about language teaching, but is equally an experience of cultural initiation, particularly through the appreciation of literary texts in that language. The first part of this paper reviews educators' ideas about…

LeBrun, Monique

144

Vaissire, J, 2010, Le franais, langue frontires par excellence , dans FRONTIRES, DU LINGUISTIQUE AU SMIOTIQUE, ouvrage collectif initi par  

E-print Network

segmentation du continuum vocal. Les résultats issus des expérimentations contrôlées ont mis à jour la de la parole, les pauses respiratoires et les différences d'effort articulatoire (mesurables par les discours. Cet effort peut augmenter, par exemple, sur un élément du message à focaliser. Le niveau

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Pistes de rflexion pour la thmatique en langues anciennes au programme de la session 2013 Le pouvoir : diriger, commander, gouverner  

E-print Network

politiques ; le philosophe-roi - regards sur le pouvoir : analyse et critique Hérodote, Thucydide, Platon ; hégémonie et impérialisme : justifications et critiques Hérodote, Thucydide, Polybe Cicéron, Tite-Curce, Tacite - stasis et guerre civile Thucydide Cicéron, César, Salluste etc. - se choisir un autre maître

146

Le discours russe sur la migration professionnelle et les concepts lis la migration dans la langue russe  

E-print Network

'oublions pas que plusieurs historiens russes (V. Kljucevskij, N. Pavlov-Sil'vanskij, S. Solov'ëv) ont souligné autocratique qui chercha à empêcher l'émigration extérieure : ainsi, sous Ivan IV le Terrible (XVIe siècle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

Pour une didactique de l'italien et des langues etrangeres. (Toward a Didactic of Italian and of Foreign Languages.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two principles necessary for integrating the native language and second language approaches to language instruction are discussed: (1) that such an integration must be viewed as a meeting, not of subject areas but of professional competencies and (2) that languages must be considered not as separate systems but as a continuum. (MSE)

Lugarini, Edoardo

1983-01-01

148

From the Definitions of the Trsor de la Langue Franaise to a Semantic Database of the French Language  

E-print Network

Combinatorial Dictionary of Contemporary French (Mel'cuk et al., 1984, 1988, 1992, 1999). There is, to our, especially in learners' dictionaries, sometimes with some "pedagogical" adaptation, such as in the Cobuild

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

Traitements de la langue naturelle pour la RI Dans cette section, on discute les deux problmes suivants  

E-print Network

common in Britain. Soit la phrase suivante dans un texte: There was ash from the coal fire. On veux suivantes: Ash(1): The soft grey powder that remains after something has been burnt. Ash(2): A forest tree savoir si "ash" s'agit de ash(1) ou ash(2). Pour cela, on retrouve les définition des mots dans le

Nie, Jian-Yun

150

Les mises a pied permanentes au Canada : vue d'ensemble et analyse longitudinale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les Canadiens sont de plus en plus preoccupes par les mises a pied permanentes, car un grand nombre d'entre eux estiment que l'instabilite d'emploi et la possibilite de perdre son emploi se sont accrues au cours des annees 90. Aussi les gouvernements, qui font face chaque annee a une multitude de mises a pied permanentes, doivent-ils savoir comment reagir pour

Zhengxi Picot Garnett Pyper Wendy Zhengxi Lin Lin

1997-01-01

151

De L'Economie des moyens linguistiques en francais et en anglais dans l'usage standard contemporain (On the Economy of Linguistic Means in French and English Standard Contemporary Usage).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conciseness and "ease of use" often attributed to North American English relative to French in standard contemporary usage is explained in terms of English morpho-syntactic structure and of the values of the classical norm and rhetoric affecting French. (Author/MSE)

Calve, Pierre

1989-01-01

152

Le francais parle: analyse des attitudes des adolescents de la ville de Quebec selon les classes sociales (Spoken French: An Analysis of the Attitudes of Adolescents in Quebec City according to Social Class).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a report on a study of the attitudes of French-speaking young people, aged 10 to 17 years, toward French as it is spoken in two sectors of Quebec City. One sector, Sainte-Foy, is mainly upper middle class; the other, Saint-Sauveur, is economically and socially disadvantaged. The research was carried out on the basis of work in French and…

Noel, Daniele

153

French registry of acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes. Age distribution and hemogram analysis of the 4496 cases recorded during 1982-1983 and classified according to FAB criteria. Groupe Francais de Morphologie Hematologique  

SciTech Connect

During 1982 and 1983, 4496 new cases were recorded in the French Registry of acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes by the French Group of Hematologic Morphology. This cooperative group associated members of 37 university centers spread throughout France; these centers handle the overwhelming majority of acute leukemias diagnoses. The cases were all classified according to FAB guidelines. Two thousand four hundred ninety-nine cases of acute myeloid leukemia were recorded, with similar total recruitment and distribution by cytologic subclass for both years. Hemogram data analysis revealed significant differences between different classes for certain parameters, particularly leukocytosis. A greater proportion of the acute myelogenous leukemias (AMLs) secondary to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy (n = 145) were unclassifiable according to the French-American-British (FAB) system than the de novo AMLs (n = 1954). Eight hundred twenty cases of myelodysplastic syndromes were analyzed. Their frequency was underestimated due to optional reporting during the first year and the less favorable position of the university centers for recruiting these syndromes. The characteristics of the hemograms were established for acquired idiopathic sideroblastic anemia (n = 107), refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) (n = 329), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (n = 129) and RAEB in transformation (n = 65). Analysis of the 1177 acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALLs) recorded showed good stability from one year to the next in terms of numbers of cases and distribution in the subclasses L1, L2, and L3. The distribution among these three subclasses by age also was determined. For L1 and L2 the hemogram data were examined separately for adults and children. The study of 74 cases of type L3 ALL enabled us to detail the hematologic presentation of this rare form of leukemia.

Not Available

1987-09-15

154

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Interaction vorticite/deformation des monop^oles et des dip^oles  

E-print Network

´e/d´eformation des monop^oles et des dip^oles I. DELBENDEa, M. ROSSIb a. UPMC, LIMSI­CNRS, UPR 3251, BP133, 91403´erieure qu'il subit. Nous en montrons les implications dans le cadre des monop^oles et celui des dip^oles diffus de vorticit´e qui joue un r^ole quasi-passif. L'´evolution peut alors ^etre interpr´et´ee comme

Delbende, Ivan

155

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Calcul de la permeabilite `a l'echelle du VER d'un milieu  

E-print Network

ou tissu de verre, carbone, etc.) plac´e `a l'int´erieur d'un moule. Un des probl`emes li´e au proc font `a l'´echelle macroscopique, en consid´erant la cavit´e du moule contenant le renfort comme un

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

156

Universite Paris-Dauphine DUMI2E 1`ere annee Corrige du partiel d'alg`ebre du 13 novembre 2006  

E-print Network

Arg(1) = 0 /2 = Arg(i) donc 1 R i. On n'a pas |i| ( |i| = |1| et Arg(i) Arg(1) ), puisque Arg(i) > Arg(1); donc on n'a pas i R 1. Enfin, |i| = 1 d´efinition de R, |z| = |z |, Arg(z) Arg(z ), |z | = |z"| et Arg(z ) Arg(z"), donc |z| = |z"| et

Viossat, Yannick

157

Etude du comportement sous charges laterales des ossatures de beton arme avec murs de remplissage de maconnerie, construites avant les annees 1960  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reinforced concrete structures with unreinforced masonry infills (BMR) are considered vulnerable to earthquakes. Under seismic actions, infills could fail (causing injuries or death) and cause damages to columns. In Quebec and Canada, most of BMR structures have been constructed prior to the introduction of modern seismic design codes raising question on the contribution of the infill to the structure lateral resistance. The aim of this thesis is to improve modelling technique of BMR structures built in Quebec between 1915 and 1960. This type of structures is found in hospitals or schools buildings, which must comply with some post-earthquake functionality requirements. They could also be residential or office buildings. Actually, practicing engineers usually calculate seismic capacity of BMR structures without considering the infill's structural contribution to the lateral resistance. Yet, this contribution should not be omitted. The first part of the thesis investigates the construction techniques and material properties of the old BMR structures in the Province. The results are the material properties (concrete, reinforcing steel, brick, terra cotta tile, and mortar) and the characteristics of the assemblies (wall section, reinforcement details…). The second part of the thesis presents the results of series of parametric analyses to identify among modelling and geometric parameters, which ones are the most influent on the lateral load response (rigidity, fundamental period, normal modes). Linear and modal analyses were performed. The most influent parameters identified are: number of storeys, number of bays, bay's width, soft storey, openings, upper storeys modelized (instead of being replaced by punctual loads) and the modelization technique of infills panels (strut or shell). Nonlinear static analyses have been performed to identify the most influent parameters to be considered for evaluating the lateral resistance, the capacity (load / displacement) and the yielding sequence (beam versus columns versus infills). The identified parameters are the presence of the infills, the openings and the geometric characteristics of the models (number of storeys and number of bays). One important contribution of this work is the development of an equivalent strut model to represent the action of the infill. The model could be easily implemented in standard analysis software. A central axial hinge reproducing the nonlinear behaviour of the masonry is added to the strut element. This model is a hybridization of existing proposals (FEMA and others) with added innovations by the author. It has been validated with experimental and numerical analyses results from literature. An important conclusion of this thesis is that the contribution of infills to lateral load resisting capacities of BMR structures should be considered for structure of more than one storey. Infills can add up to 51 % to bare frame capacity. The National building code requires that the lateral resistance of existing buildings must be at least 60 % of the equivalent static seismic force (V2005). It is concluded that one storey BMR buildings have a sufficient resistance, while three-storeys structures exhibit plastic deformations for loads under 0,6* V2005.

Lefebvre, Karine

158

Partiel d'Architecture & Syst`eme (annee 2009-2010) Les notes de cours, de travaux diriges et pratiques sont autorisees. L'usage des calculatrices  

E-print Network

, CC)16 vers la base dix ; 5. (14, 82)9 vers la base dix ; 6. (10, 5625)10 vers la base deux ; 7. (10, 5625)10 vers la base seize ; 8. (60, 005)10 vers la base vingt ; 9. (25, 336)10 vers la base cinq ; 10. (10, 5625)10 vers la base huit. Exercice no 4 : Alg`ebre Bool´eenne 1. Rappelons que le ou

Poinsot, Laurent

159

Le Dilemme du professeur de langue: theorie ou pratique? Essai d'un bilan (The Foreign Language Teacher's Dilemma: Theory or Practice? An Attempt at an Assessment)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the crisis in foreign language methodology and a short evaluation of methods employed at present. The pivotal position of the language teacher in choosing a combination of methods to respond to student needs and the importance of foreign languages in education are discussed. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Rebuffo, Jacques

1977-01-01

160

L'enseignement d'une langue (non-maternelle ou maternelle) aux apprenants en difficulté et aux enfants issus de milieux socialement défavorisés  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Official statistics reveal a high percentage of school failure at primary-school level in Belgium, notably among children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds, be they francophone or foreign. Furthermore, the percentage of adult illiteracy is rising. These situations share a common root: the methodology of the mother tongue at school and the approach to the written language in particular. After defining the psychological objective of a language course the present study proposes a methodology, a synthesis of up-to-date psycho-pedagogical, linguistic and (neuro) biological trends. The data from this research make it possible to verify the working hypotheses which have been elaborated and revised over the last twenty years. Within the recommended methodology, the libération de la parole (`liberation of speech') occupies an important place. This initial stage increases and reinforces the creative dispositions in the child and prepares for real language activities. These help the child to communicate and enable a functional learning of the language. The methodology of reading takes into account research conducted on the operation of the memory and the selective activity of the brain. A first evaluation of the methodology has verified the working hypotheses. Moreover, the pupils in the experimental classes obtained markedly higher grades in tests such as reading comprehension, elaborating texts and in those tests calling for imagination and creativity.

Wambach, Michel

1986-06-01

161

Les Cahiers de l'Acedle, numro 5, 2008 -actes du colloque Acedle, janvier 2008 Recherches en didactique des langues L'Alsace au coeur du plurilinguisme  

E-print Network

to their ecolinguistic setting, i.e. schools that are located in areas where a minority language is or used to be spoken. Once taught, the minority language becomes part of the ecology, even though none of the pupils who chose it as a subject might have it as first language. Most other language teachers in France usually

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

162

Annie Montaut is Professor at Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Paris, for Hindi language and literature and general linguistics; CNRS lab SeDyL.  

E-print Network

and has even led to some sort of admiration for his ideology of art, making him into a kind of Sartre. Such a sample can be found in Ek cithr sukh (further on ECS, A Rag called Happiness in English translation). I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

Parler de la pluie et du beau temps en classe de langue (Talking About Rain and Good Weather in Language Class).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of television weather broadcasts is recommended for instruction in both French language and culture. Class activities can focus on geography, comprehension of meteorological terminology, or predicting the weather in different areas based on current charts. Some exercises are suggested. (MSE)

Viallon, Virginie; Jamet, Claude

1996-01-01

164

DTECTION DES DISLOCATIONS GAUCHE DANS LE FRANAIS PARL Cet article a t publi dans les actes de la 18me Confrence sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Natu-  

E-print Network

nombreux autres registres du français oral, et ce depuis au moins le XVIIème siècle (De Cat, 2007; Blanche Français parlé (De Cat, 2007; Delais-Roussarie et al., 2004; Hirschbuhler, 1975; Lambrecht, 1994). Bien qu information potentiellement utile pour améliorer la qualité des analyseurs syntaxiques automatiques de l'oral

Boyer, Edmond

165

Universit de La Manouba -Tunis Universit Blaise Pascal Clermont Ferrand II Facult des Lettres, des Arts et des Humanits UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines  

E-print Network

'expression desoit l'expression de ma reconnaissance et de mon amour.ma reconnaissance et de mon amour.ma reconnaissance et de mon amour.ma reconnaissance et de mon amour. AAAA Ma soeur Mounira, son époux Fathi et leurs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

166

Les linguistes et les questions de langue au Quebec: points de vue (Linguists and Language Questions in Quebec: Points of View).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers, all in French, address four issues concerning linguistics and language in Quebec: language quality and linguistic reality; linguistic politics and the future of French in Quebec; the linguist's role in modern society; and dictionaries. Each section includes an untitled, substantive introduction and several papers. Papers include: "Discours…

Deshaies, Denise, Ed.; Ouellon, Conrad, Ed.

167

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 valuation d'un systme d'extraction de rponses multiples sur le Web  

E-print Network

.nom@limsi.fr Résumé. Dans cet article, nous proposons une évaluation dans un cadre utilisateur de Citron, un système utilisateurs qui visent à (1) comparer les perfor- mances de Citron par rapport à celles d'un être humain pour of Citron, a question-answering system in French which extracts answers for multiple answer questions

168

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS  

E-print Network

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2007 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 34 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

Ribes, Aurélien

169

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS  

E-print Network

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2008 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 35 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

Ribes, Aurélien

170

Creation d'emplois selon la taille des entreprises : concentration et persistance des gains et pertes d'emplois dans les entreprises canadiennes  

Microsoft Academic Search

La constatation statistique selon laquelle les petites entreprises ont cree la majorite des nouveaux emplois durant les annees 80 a eu une incidence considerable sur les politiques gouvernementales. Pour encourager la croissance de l'emploi, les gouvernements se sont tournes vers les petites entreprises et ont adopte des politiques favorisant leur expansion. Il ressort toutefois de recherches menees recemment aux Etats-Unis

Richard Picot Garnett Dupuy

1996-01-01

171

Le faible revenu chronique et la dynamique du faible revenu chez les nouveaux immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

La deterioration des resultats economiques chez les nouveaux immigrants arrives au pays durant les annees 1980 et 1990 a suscite de vives inquietudes dans la population et de nombreux debats strategiques. En 1993, de nouvelles modifications ont ete apportees aux procedures de selection des immigrants afin de relever leur niveau de scolarite et d'accroitre la proportion d'immigrants dans la categorie

Garnett Hou Feng Coulombe Simon Picot

2007-01-01

172

Spectres Raman du 2e ordre dans les cristaux mixtes Ga12014xAlxSb F. Charfi, M. Zouaghi, A. Joullie (*) M. Balkanski (**) et Ch. Hirlimann (**)  

E-print Network

orique ces dix derni6res annees. Les mesures par spectroscopie Raman et par r6flecti- vit6 dans l par spectroscopie Raman [8] a mis en evidence le comportement a deux modes des phonons de petit83 Spectres Raman du 2e ordre dans les cristaux mixtes Ga12014xAlxSb F. Charfi, M. Zouaghi, A

Boyer, Edmond

173

FIVE PAPERS ON THE OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM REPRINTED FROM THE MARINE TECHNOLOGY SOCIETY CONFERENCE  

E-print Network

) Institut Francais de Recherche pour 1'Exploitation de la Mer (France) Ocean Research Institute research and drilling facility than previously employed for scientific ocean drilling. TAMU receives Drilling Program. INTRODUCTION The Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) is a basic research program primarily

174

Discours oraux--discours ecrits: quelles relations? Actes du 4eme colloque d'orthophoine/logopedie (Neuchatel, 3-4 octobre, 1996) (Oral Discourse--Written Discourse: What Is the Relationship? Proceedings of the Colloquium on Speech Therapy (4th, Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 3-4, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research papers on the relationship between oral and written language include: "Une distinction bien fragile: oral/ecrit" ("A Fragile Distinction: Oral/Written") (Francoise Gadet); "Oral et ecrit dans les representations des enseignants et dans les pratiques quotidiennes de la classe de francais" ("Oral and Written Language in Teachers'…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1996-01-01

175

Travaux du laboratoire de traitement du langage et de la parole (Laboratory Work in the Treatment of Language and Linguistics).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research papers on language and linguistics include: "Enchainement des mots et acces au lexique en francais" ("Word Order and Lexical Access in French") (Besson); "L'apport de la coarticulation dans la perception de consonnes occlusives et constrictives" ("The Contribution of Coarticulation to the Perception of Occlusive and Constrictive…

Grosjean, Francois, Ed.

1994-01-01

176

Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

2001-01-01

177

EPA/IFP EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON THE EMISSION ON NITROUS OXIDE FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report summarizes the proceedings of an EPA/Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) cosponsored workshop addressing direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from fossil fuel combustion. The third in a series, it was held at the IFP in Rueil-Malmaison, France, on June 1-2, 1988. Increas...

178

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin of Speakers") (Chantal…

Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

179

The Training of Modern Language Teachers in Various Countries. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 20. Selected papers from the Association Internationale pour la Recherche et la Diffusion des Methodes Audio-Visuelles et Structuro-Globales Seminar (5th, August 27-September 1, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected papers that address theoretical and practical training of the modern language teacher and language teaching experiments in various countries are presented. Some of the articles included are the following: "Les problemes de la formation linguistique et pedagogique des professeurs de francais en Afrique Subsaharienne" (The Problems of the…

Nivette, Jos, Ed.

180

Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics), Volume 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers in linguistics, all in French, are presented. "La delocutivite lexicale en francais standard: esquisse d'un modele derivationnel" ("Lexical Delocutivity in Standard French: Sketch of a Derivational Model"), by Marc Bonhomme, examines the process by which certain expressions become neologisms. "La terminologie de l'Essai de grammaire…

Py, Bernard, Ed.; Rubattel, Christian, Ed.

1989-01-01

181

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1986/87.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1986/87 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains seven articles in French and four in English, including: "Learning How To Learn English"; "Socrate est-il un chat? Pratiquer le syllogisme pour apprendre a argumenter (Is Socrates a Cat? Practicing Syllogisms To Learn To Argue)"; "La production orale en francais des…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1987

1987-01-01

182

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (15th, Quebec, Canada, March 15-16, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language research in this volume include the following: "Temporalite en francais de France. Differences dans la conceptualisation du temps et son expression dans un texte narratif oral" ("Differences in the Conceptualization of Time and Its Expression in Oral Narratives") (Natalia Dankova); "La traduction des textes womanist: le cas de…

Goulet, Marie-Josee, Ed.

183

Maurice Gross Une grammaire locale de l'expression des sentiments  

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Maurice Gross Une grammaire locale de l'expression des sentiments In: Langue française. N°105, 1995 sentiments. In: Langue française. N°105, 1995. pp. 70-87. doi : 10.3406/lfr.1995.5294 http DE L'EXPRESSION DES SENTIMENTS 1. Les expressions de sentiment Voici des phrases simples qui

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

184

Informations sur le(s) auteur(s) NOM du ou des  

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. Résumé At the beginning of the French Revolution (in 1790), a very large number of musicians employed coming from this geographical dispersion, a large inquiry is presently conducted by a French research to Maastricht and which sang in many churches in France of 1770s to Revolution. Résumé autre(s) langue(s) Au

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

LISTE DES MEMBRES DU CONSEIL DES ETUDES ET DE LA VIE UNIVERSITAIRE Collge ou catgorie Secteur Statut Nom Prnom Fonction Affectation  

E-print Network

langues, sciences humaines et sociales Titulaire FRANCALANZA Eric Professeurs des Universités UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines Art, littérature et langues, sciences humaines et sociales Titulaire AGOSTO Marie-Christine Professeurs des Universités UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines Droit, économie, gestion

Brest, Université de

186

Cours de niveau pr-universitaire. Ouverts aux tudiants de la mineure Arts et sciences (mais cours hors programme)  

E-print Network

langue grecque 1 X Centre d'études classiques Automne LAT1111 Initiation à la langue latine 1 X Centre d photographie numérique X Criminologie Automne CRI1100 Psychocriminologie X Criminologie Hiver CRI1100 Contemporary American Culture X �tu

Parrott, Lael

187

Nos Eleves, Notre Avenir. Une Introduction a L'education en Alberta. De la Maternelle a la 12e Annee (Our Students, Our Future: An Introduction to Education in Alberta. Kindergarten to Grade 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Canadian Constitution, each province and territory has exclusive jurisdiction over education. This French language publication explains the ABCs of Alberta's school system. The text details Alberta's goals, various levels of responsibility, funding, public and private schooling, academic core and optional programs, home education,…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

188

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Deuxieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 2).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

189

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Huitieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 8).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

190

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Neuvieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 9.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 9 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

191

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Deuxieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 2.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

192

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Quatrieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 4).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

193

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Neuvieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 9).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 9 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

194

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Septieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 7).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 7 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

195

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Troisieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

196

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Neuvieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 9).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 9 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

197

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Deuxieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 2).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

198

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Cinquieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 5).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

199

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Cinquieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 5).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

200

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Premiere annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 1).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

201

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Premiere annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 1).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

202

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Huitieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 8).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning"Programs of Study: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

203

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Troisieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

204

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Huitieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 8.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

205

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Sixieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 6.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

206

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Septieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 7.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 7 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

207

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Sixieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

208

Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Premier annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 1.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

209

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Cinquieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 5.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

210

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Quatrieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 4).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

211

Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Troisieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 3.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

212

Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Quatrieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 4.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

213

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manual a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Sixieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning"Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

214

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Septieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 7).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 7 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

215

DPARTEMENT DE LANGUE ET DE LITTRATURE ANGLAISES Cinq candidat-es ont t invit-e-s donner une leon d'preuve l'occasion de la mise au  

E-print Network

-e en Littérature anglaise moderne Vendredi 21 mars 2014 salle B101, Uni Bastions 8h30 Mme Laurence, France « The Villain in the Surgery: Rewriting the Gothic in the Long Nineteenth Century » 9h45 M. Simon DUFF Professor, School of Language and Literature, University of Aberdeen, Scotland « Romanticism

Citi, Sandra

216

Homogeneite et heterogeneite de la langue latine selon Varron et Aulu-Gelle: aspects historique, social et fonctionnel (Homogeneity and Heterogeneity in the Latin Language According to Varron and Aulu-Gelle: Historic, Social and Functional Aspects).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the many Latin texts that provide views on language, and in particular on linguistic change and variation, Varro's "De Lingua Latina" and Gellius'"Noctes Atticae," provide good examples of the perspectives of the stoic philosopher and of the antiquarian philologist. Stoics suggest that language was created as perfect as possible. In this view,…

Amacker, Rene

2001-01-01

217

Evaluation d'un aspect du micro-enseignement dans la formation des professeurs de langues etrangeres (The Evaluation of One Aspect of Micro-Teaching in the Formation of Foreign Language Teachers). CILA Bulletin, Number 30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates the micro-teaching program in use at Universite Bar-Ilan in Israel. Two factors influence this study: (1) the psycho-pedagogical factor, that is, a search for the best procedures for the practical formation of language teachers; and (2) the didactic factor, that is, ways to give the future teachers experience in choosing…

Herzlich, Rivka

218

L'Enseignement scolaire des langues vivantes dans les pays membres de la communaute europeenne: bilan, reflexions et propositions (Modern Language Instruction in the Member Countries of the European Community: Evaluation, Reflections, and Proposals).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the situation of modern language teaching in western Europe (Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, West Germany, and the United Kingdom) looks at the demography and multilingualism of the region, the organization of school systems in those countries, and the status of school-based modern language…

van Deth, Jean-Pierre

219

La Description des langues naturelles en vue d'applications linguistiques: Actes du colloque (The Description of Natural Languages with a View to Linguistic Applications: Conference Papers). Publication K-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presentations from a colloquium on applications of research on natural languages to computer science address the following topics: (1) analysis of complex adverbs; (2) parser use in computerized text analysis; (3) French language utilities; (4) lexicographic mapping of official language notices; (5) phonographic codification of Spanish; (6)…

Ouellon, Conrad, Comp.

220

Analyse critique de l'efficacite et de l'interaction en langue seconde ou le rendez-vous a Samarkande (Critical Analysis of Second Language Efficiency and Interaction, or the Rendez-vous at Samarkand).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structural and practical sources of inefficiency in the second language learning and teaching environment are analyzed, and sources of efficiency are proposed. It is concluded that interaction or communication is a primary condition for efficiency, especially if efficiency is an objective. (MSE)

Martel, Angeline

1988-01-01

221

Le Rapport langue-culture dans les organisations internationales: Pour Une Sociologie des organisations internationales (The Relationship between Language and Culture in International Organizations: Toward a Sociology of International Organizations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the work of international organizations requires an understanding of the relationship between language and culture, a relationship evident in the activities of the international organizations. This relationship is partly responsible for the negative image of such organizations. Research in the sociology of international organizations…

Jastrab de Saint Robert, de Marie-Josee

1988-01-01

222

Courses: Education: Single Subject (EDSS) Page 309Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog edSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe  

E-print Network

, and materials for guiding students' literary development in subject areas at the secondary level. Includes, lesson and unit design using competencies, and dialect variation are integral to the course. Students develop materials that contribute to a program portfolio to be evaluated before continuation to student

Ravikumar, B.

223

La conception et le role des materiels pedagogiques dans l'enseignement des langues secondes (The Conception and Role of Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Second Languages). CILA Bulletin, No. 29.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue concerns the content, function, and form of instructional materials dealing with second language instruction. The following articles appear: (1) "Deliberate Semantics--an 'Interventionist' Approach to Second Language Teaching Methodology," by A.P.R. Howatt; (2) "Sprechakte und Sprachunterricht (Speech Acts and Language…

Redard, F., Ed.; And Others

224

Incidence de la connaissance d'une langue de programmation sur la conception et l'implantation des programmes d'etude. Etude effectuee dans les classes de langue francaise des conseils des ecoles separees de l'Ontario (The Impact of the Knowledge of a Programming Language on the Conception and Implementation of Courses of Study. Study Carried out in French Language Classes in the Council of Separate Schools in Ontario).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in certain French language schools in eastern Ontario took part in this initial experiment in the teaching of computer and electronic programing at the elementary school level. This project had three objectives for optimizing the pedagogical impact of these first attempts at teaching programing: (1) to describe the context of this initial…

Michaud, Pierre; And Others

225

La part des nouveaux emplois crees au Canada par les petites entreprises est-elle disproportionnee? Reevaluation des faits  

Microsoft Academic Search

L'observation statistique selon laquelle les petites entreprises ont cree la majorite des nouveaux emplois au cours des annees 1980 a eu une incidence enorme sur la politique officielle. Les gouvernements desireux de favoriser la croissance de l'emploi se sont tournes vers le secteur des petites entreprises et ont preconise l'adoption de politiques visant a accroitre l'expansion de ce secteur. Toutefois,

John R. Dupuy Richard Picot Garnett Baldwin

1994-01-01

226

Les caracteristiques des immigrants, l'effondrement de la TI et leur effet sur les gains initiaux des immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

En fondant notre recherche sur des donnees administratives, nous nous demandons 1) si l'evolution des caracteristiques des immigrants, notamment l'augmentation de la proportion d'immigrants ayant un niveau de scolarite universitaire et de celle des immigrants dans la categorie des < travailleurs qualifies de l'immigration economique >, ont contribue favorablement a l'augmentation des gains initiaux des immigrants dans les annees 1990

Garnett Hou Feng Picot

2009-01-01

227

Automatic shoal recognition and classification based on MOVIES-B software  

Microsoft Academic Search

MOVIES-B software developed by IFREMER (Institut Francais de la Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer), enables the recognition of echogram features as acoustic detection structures according to spatial-energetic contiguity criteria. These structures (shoals, plankton layers) are described by energetic, morphological, spatial and temporal descriptors. Specifying acoustic detections as individual shoals will allow shoal-by-shoal echo-integration and may lead to better biomass

C. Scalabrinl; N. Diner; A. Weil

1994-01-01

228

Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences 49, 1999, n 143, 331-368. La rception de la thorie  

E-print Network

'objet d'une publication en langue portugaise, sous le titre "A recepção da Relatividade no Brasil e the direction of Eddington, in order to verify the prediction of the general relativity theory on the bending

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

Influence de la forme du palais sur la variabilit articulatoire Jana Brunner1  

E-print Network

Influence de la forme du palais sur la variabilité articulatoire Jana Brunner1 , Pascal Perrier2 et triangle où la langue est la base, et le palais les deux cotés. Si la position verticale de la langue change un peu, la surface du quadrilatère change plus que la surface du triangle. En d'autres termes

Boyer, Edmond

230

Methodes d'amas quantiques a temperature finie appliquees au modele de Hubbard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Depuis leur decouverte dans les annees 80, les supraconducteurs a haute temperature critique ont suscite beaucoup d'interet en physique du solide. Comprendre l'origine des phases observees dans ces materiaux, telle la supraconductivite, est l'un des grands defis de la physique theorique du solide des 25 dernieres annees. L'un des mecanismes pressentis pour expliquer ces phenomenes est la forte interaction electron-electron. Le modele de Hubbard est l'un des modeles les plus simples pour tenir compte de ces interactions. Malgre la simplicite apparente de ce modele, certaines de ses caracteristiques, dont son diagramme de phase, ne sont toujours pas bien etablies, et ce malgre plusieurs avancements theoriques dans les dernieres annees. Cette etude se consacre a faire une analyse de methodes numeriques permettant de calculer diverses proprietes du modele de Hubbard en fonction de la temperature. Nous decrivons des methodes (la VCA et la CPT) qui permettent de calculer approximativement la fonction de Green a temperature finie sur un systeme infini a partir de la fonction de Green calculee sur un amas de taille finie. Pour calculer ces fonctions de Green, nous allons utiliser des methodes permettant de reduire considerablement les efforts numeriques necessaires pour les calculs des moyennes thermodynamiques, en reduisant considerablement l'espace des etats a considerer dans ces moyennes. Bien que cette etude vise d'abord a developper des methodes d'amas pour resoudre le modele de Hubbard a temperature finie de facon generale ainsi qu'a etudier les proprietes de base de ce modele, nous allons l'appliquer a des conditions qui s'approchent de supraconducteurs a haute temperature critique. Les methodes presentees dans cette etude permettent de tracer un diagramme de phase pour l'antiferromagnetisme et la supraconductivite qui presentent plusieurs similarites avec celui des supraconducteurs a haute temperature. Mots-cles : modele de Hubbard, thermodynamique, antiferromagnetisme, supraconductivite, methodes numeriques, larges matrices

Plouffe, Dany

231

Fiche pratique: Elaborer un texte ecrit avec des debutants; Frequence FDM: Les journees du patrimoine; "Bonne annee"...en kit; Cles pour une expo... (Practical Ideas: Elaborating on a Written Text with Beginners; Frequency FDM: Heritage Days; "Happy New Year"...In a Kit; Keys to an Exhibition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four French classroom activities are described, including an introductory exercise in French for special purposes (business administration), a cultural exploration activity using a commercial audiotape, holiday card-writing, and an exercise in interpreting an art or other exhibition. (MSE)

Royer, Corinne; And Others

1996-01-01

232

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: 10e, 113 et 12e annees (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grades 10, 11 and 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that high school students are faced with decisions that will determine future opportunities and endeavors, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the high school curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills,…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

233

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: 10e, 11e, 12e annees. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grades 10, 11, and 12.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that high school students are faced with decisions that will determine future opportunities and endeavors, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the high school curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills,…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

234

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: 10e, 11e, and 12e annees (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grades 10, 11, and 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the senior high school (grades 10-12) curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

235

La reussite scolaire de votre enfant: Pour aider votre enfant a mieux apprendre a la Maison et a l'ecole, de la 1re a la 9e annee. Manuel d'accompagnement a l'intention du parent = The Parent Advantage: Helping Children Become More Successful Learners at Home and School, Grades 1-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for French-speaking parents of students with learning disabilities in Alberta presents a variety of strategies parents can use to help their children in grades 1 through 9 become successful learners. Section 1 offers ideas for helping students get and stay organized, such as using self-talk to create a positive attitude and organizing…

Walker, Catherine; Antaya-Moore, Dana

236

17/04/11 21:37Version imprimable : Numro 5 (2010) : "Strotypes en langue et en dis...f Frustration -Revue Interdisciplinaire "Textes & contextes" Page 1 sur 9http://revuesshs.u-bourgogne.fr/textes&contextes/document.php?id=1103&format=print  

E-print Network

feature film, Wild at Heart (1990) (Rodley 1997 : 184). Fans were even more surprised--and maybe even to a northwestern American town (Deer Meadow) in order to #12;17/04/11 21:37Version imprimable : Numéro 5 (2010

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

Les caracteristiques des apprenantes et des apprenants ages de 15 a 18 ans dans le systeme d'education en langue francaise en Ontario (The Characteristics of Female and Male Students Aged 15 to 18 Years in the French Language Educational System in Ontario).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study undertaken to create a profile of 15- to 18-year-old students in minority French language schools in Ontario is reported. The first chapter describes the study's methodology, which included review of education ministry documents and other research, and interviews with students and educators. The second chapter summarizes research findings…

Herry, Yves; Levesque, Denis

238

Page 312 Courses: Education: Single Subject (EDSS) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog edSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe And SeCondAry  

E-print Network

using competencies, and dialect variation are integral to the course. Students develop materials, and materials for guiding students' literary development in subject areas at the secondary level. Includes

Ravikumar, B.

239

L'(auto) appreciation formative de l'enseignement des langues secondes (AFELS): Un instrument d'apprentissage et de perfectionnement pour l'enseignante (Formative (Self) Evaluation in Second Language Teaching: An Instrument of Learning and Improving for the Teacher).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An observation technique is presented that is designed to give teachers and future teachers a means of furthering their own training in teaching second languages. This technique is based on an approach that links theory and practice with an emancipatory process and complements already available observation schemes. (67 references) (Author/MSE)

Martel, Angeline

1989-01-01

240

From randomized trials to the clinic: is it time to implement individual lung-cancer screening in clinical practice? A multidisciplinary statement from French experts on behalf of the french intergroup (IFCT) and the groupe d'Oncologie de langue française (GOLF)  

PubMed Central

Background Despite advances in cancer therapy, mortality is still high except in early-stage tumors, and screening remains a challenge. The randomized National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), comparing annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) and chest X-rays, revealed a 20% decrease in lung-cancer-specific mortality. These results raised numerous questions. The French intergroup for thoracic oncology and the French-speaking oncology group convened an expert group to provide a coherent outlook on screening modalities in France. Methods A literature review was carried out and transmitted to the expert group, which was divided into three workshops to tackle specific questions, with responses presented in a plenary session. A writing committee drafted this article. Results The multidisciplinary group favored individual screening in France, when carried out as outlined in this article and after informing subjects of the benefits and risks. The target population involves subjects aged 55–74 years, who are smokers or have a 30 pack-year smoking history. Subjects should be informed about the benefits of quitting. Screening should involve LDCT scanning with specific modalities. Criteria for CT positivity and management algorithms for positive examinations are given. Conclusions Individual screening requires rigorous assessment and precise research in order to potentially develop a lung-cancer screening policy. PMID:23136229

Couraud, S.; Cortot, A. B.; Greillier, L.; Gounant, V.; Mennecier, B.; Girard, N.; Besse, B.; Brouchet, L.; Castelnau, O.; Frappé, P.; Ferretti, G. R.; Guittet, L.; Khalil, A.; Lefebure, P.; Laurent, F.; Liebart, S.; Molinier, O.; Quoix, E.; Revel, M.-P.; Stach, B.; Souquet, P.-J.; Thomas, P.; Trédaniel, J.; Lemarié, E.; Zalcman, G.; Barlési, F.; Milleron, B.

2013-01-01

241

LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

NONE

1997-02-24

242

Page 310 Courses: Education: Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (EDTE) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog edte 543 prACtiCuM in teACHing eSL (3)  

E-print Network

.A. Program, EDTE 544. edte 544 AdVAnCed MetHodS oF teACHing engLiSH AS A SeCond/ Foreign LAnguAge (3 in teaching English as a second or foreign language. We will explore a variety of current perspectives to the SOE M.A. Program, EDTE 544. edte 544 AdVAnCed MetHodS oF teACHing engLiSH AS A SeCond/ Foreign LAnguAge

Ravikumar, B.

243

Lesson 57: Comparatives  

E-print Network

than coffee.] b).Ninacheza tenisi zaidi ya besiboli. [I play tennis more than baseball.] 3. KUZIDI).Brian ni mgonjwa kupita kiasi. [Brain is exremely sick.] b).Stephanie ni mfupi kupita kiasi. [Stephanie.] 10. TOFAUTI [DIFFERENT] a).Gari langu ni tofauti na lako. [My car is different than yours.] b

244

Thierry CHANIER Archives ouvertes  

E-print Network

. Liste des principaux sigles et abréviations o AL : accès libre ; o AL&Tic : apprentissage des langues et Tic ; o CNRS : Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique ; o DTD : déclaration de type de document sociales ; o STM : sciences, technologie et médecine ; o Tic : technologies de l'information et de la

245

Jean-Max Noyer Universit Nice Sophia Antipolis  

E-print Network

« souhaite ». 1 Je viens donc d'un continent, d'un vieux continent où les langues sont nombreuses et les identités multiples. Je suis d'un continent tissé de narrations diverses. J'habite des territoires dont les

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

TALN 2001, Tours, 2-5 juillet 2001 Gestionnaire de dialogue pour un syst`eme d'informations `a  

E-print Network

reconnaissance vocale Sophie Rosset, Lori Lamel LIMSI-CNRS, 91403 Orsay C´edex rosset,lamel@limsi.fr R'informations `a reconnaissance vocale. Le gestionnaire de dialogue dispose de diff´erentes sources de connaissance´eponses en langue naturelle et le syst`eme de synth`ese vocale. Nous pr´esentons dans cet article notre

247

Direction Europe et International Email: dei@univ-brest.fr  

E-print Network

Giessen Université Justus-Liebig de Giessen Droit UFR Droit, économie, gestion ERASMUS Allemagne Giessen Université Justus-Liebig de Giessen Langues modernes CE UFR Lettres et sciences humaines ERASMUS Allemagne Giessen Université Justus-Liebig de Giessen Géographie UFR Lettres et sciences humaines ERASMUS Allemagne

Brest, Université de

248

"I Want to Go Back to the Text": Response Strategies on the Reading Subtest of the New TOEFL[R  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the reading and test-taking strategies that test takers used on the "Reading" section of the "LanguEdge Courseware" (2002) materials developed to familiarize prospective respondents with the new TOEFL. The investigation focused on strategies used to respond to more traditional "single selection" multiple-choice formats (i.e.,…

Cohen, Andrew D.; Upton, Thomas A.

2007-01-01

249

Le Bulletin Scientifique de l'arapi Bilinguisme chez des autistes de haut niveau et chez des Asperger  

E-print Network

Asperger Karine DUVIGNAU* & Anna WAWRZYNIAK** Octogone-Lordat & CLLE-ERSS *Université Toulouse le Mirail clés : autisme, syndrome d'Asperger, bilinguisme, apprentissage de la langue seconde 1. Introduction (Syndrome d'Asperger et autisme de haut niveau). Notre projet propose une mise en synergie novatrice en

Boyer, Edmond

250

Daphy liane, 1994, L'ethnologue dans le showbiz. Apprendre parler mtier , Journal des anthropologues 57-58 (L'anthropologue face la  

E-print Network

vicomtes... [...] Quand un cul d'jatte Rencontre un aut' cul d'jatte Rien n'les épate Qu'une histoir' de cul d'jatte1 Dans l'observation participante, il faut participer à la langue spécifique du groupe. Et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

251

DESTINATIONS -COORDINATEURS ERASMUS (par ordre alphabtique du PAYS)  

E-print Network

.parisot@univ-fcomte.fr Géographie Allemagne Osnabrück L. Ravenel loic.ravenel@univ-fcomte.fr Gestion d'entreprises et langues. Chevalier sophie.chevalier7@wanadoo.fr Géographie Espagne Malaga L. Ravenel loic

Jeanjean, Louis

252

Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne  

E-print Network

» vis-à-vis de droits « collectifs ». JEL codes: I38, K31, H77 Keywords: Sociology of European law, European social policy, European Integration, Court of justice of the EU, Europeanization. Mots clés - 2011.65 halshs-00639906,version1-10Nov2011 #12;2 French Constitution (1958) Art. 2. - La langue de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

PHI 2180 PHILOSOPHIE DU LANGAGE PROF.: MICHEL SEYMOUR  

E-print Network

contributions qui font la promotion du point de vue innéiste et individualiste de Noam Chomsky, Jerry Fodor et-SFORZA, Gènes, peuples et langues, Paris, Odile Jacob, 1996. -Fred d'AGOSTINO, Chomsky's System of Ideas, Oxford

Parrott, Lael

254

Courses: Education: Multiple Subject (EDMS) Page 305Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Education: Multiple Subject (EDMS)  

E-print Network

they confront in our educational system. They will analyze what it means to be a teacher today in our elementary teACHing SeCond LAnguAge LeArnerS (3) This course examines first and second language acquisition and apply a variety of theories, methods, materials, media, and strategies to provide instruction

Ravikumar, B.

255

URRAQUE, BON AMOUR ET AUTRES PETITS NOMS CHARMANTS (observations littraires et historiques aux strophes 910 949  

E-print Network

1 URRAQUE, BON AMOUR ET AUTRES PETITS NOMS CHARMANTS (observations littéraires et historiques aux). Les langues néo-latines (Déc. 2005). « Urraque, bon amour et autres petits noms charmants ». P. 5 Amour et le replace dans l'architecture narrative du Livre : le narrateur protagoniste continue d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

Le thtre hindi aujourd'hui : scnographie des cultures et du langage In Thtre d'Asie et d'Orient (E.Feuillebois ed.) Peter Lang, 2012  

E-print Network

(kathputli du Rajasthan), la musique et le chant (sangît). Comme dans les autres langues indiennes, le aussi divinités locales et héros éponymes divinisés, comme Pabou-ji au Rajasthan, avec des décors peints

Boyer, Edmond

257

La rsistance imaginative : motions, valeurs et fiction  

E-print Network

saga de Harry Potter. Qui plus est, notre imagination peut prendre des formes diverses : nous pouvons imaginer qu'il est vrai que Harry Potter est un sorcier, capable, entre autres choses, de parler la langue, nous n'avons pas de mal à imaginer qu'Harry Potter soit un sorcier, mais il nous est difficile ou

Boyer, Edmond

258

The Role of Women in Foreign-Language Textbooks: A Collection of Essays. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques" No. 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays that consider the way that women are portrayed in foreign language textbooks are presented. The selected essays were submitted to a competition sponsored by the Federation Internationale des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes, which requested that language teachers assess such concerns as: (1) whether women were described in a stereotyped way;…

Freudenstein, R., Ed.

259

Dans l'intimit du Prince : les fondements de la privanza dans l'Espagne du XVIIe  

E-print Network

Bravo Professeur, Centre Interlangues EA 4182, Université de Bourgogne, UFR Langues et Communication, 2 bld. Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, paloma.bravo [at] u-bourgogne.fr Cet article aborde l'intimité du roi comme de Manuel Borrego consultable sur le site http://mescours.univ-fcomte.fr/channels/nguc236/ qui

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

Exploring the Ancestral Roots of American Sign Language: Lexical Borrowing from Cistercian Sign Language and French Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Sign Language (ASL) is the natural and preferred language of the Deaf community in both the United States and Canada. Woodward (1978) estimated that approximately 60% of the ASL lexicon is derived from early 19th century French Sign Language, which is known as "langue des signes francaise" (LSF). The lexicon of LSF and ASL may be derived…

Cagle, Keith Martin

2010-01-01

261

Confrontos e confluências entre a sociologia da lin guagem de Bourdieu e teorias lingüísticas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Discussão das relações polêmicas que se estabelecer am entre a sociologia da linguagem de Bourdieu e lingüistas franceses, em to rno das noções de língua, comunicação e gramaticalidade. Palavras-chave: sociologia da linguagem, lingüística, língua, discu rso. Abstract: Discussion of the polemics relations between Bourdi eu's sociology of language and french linguists about the concepts of langue , communication and

Sheila Vieira de Camargo

2003-01-01

262

oN locatioN Picard Satellite  

E-print Network

advancing the frontiers #12;#12;CNRS Photo and Video databases now in English The CNRS photo and video://phototheque.cnrs.fr/indexL02.html VIDEO LIBRARY http://videotheque.cnrs.fr/index.php?langue=EN CONTENTS 3 CNRS International rainforest. > NEWS 8 Prehistoric amber, peripheral vision, the behavior of micro- droplets, bio

van Tiggelen, Bart

263

Foreign-Language Pedagogy: Practical Applications to Theoretical Concerns. Selected Papers from the Loyola College Conference Entitled "Bridging Theory and Practice in the Foreign-Language Classroom" (Baltimore, Maryland, October 18-20, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the conference include the following: "Activites orales et motivation dans l'etude du vocabulaire d'une langue etrangere (Oral Activities and Motivation in the Study of Vocabulary in a Foreign Language)" (M. Guisset); "Bridging High School and College Classes through the Multicultural Approach: The Case of Francophone Africa" (T.…

Wieczorek, Joseph A., Ed.

1993-01-01

264

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1984 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains five articles in French and two in English. These include the following: "Enseignement individuel vs. enseignement de masse (Individual Instruction vs. Large Group Instruction)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascal Fade); "Systemes 'autonomisants' d'apprentissage des langues

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1984

1984-01-01

265

Bilinguisme et biculturalisme: Theories et pratiques professionnelles. Actes du 2eme colloque d'orthophomie/logopedie (Neuchatel, 17-18 septembre, 1992). (Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Theories and Professional Practices. Colloquium on Orthophony/Logopedy (2nd, Neuchatel, Switzerland, September 17-18, 1992)).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference papers from a colloquium on issues in bilingualism and biculturalism include: "Le bilinguisme et biculturalisme: essai de definition" ("Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Attempt at Definition") (Francois Grosjean); "La variation individuelle dans l'acquisition d'une langue seconde" ("Individual Variation in Second Language…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1993-01-01

266

Multiple scattering as a diffusion process Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto  

E-print Network

-grid finite differences scheme and a finite-element blob method. 1 Introduction One of the principal aims as Discrete Ordinates and have been applied to the rendering of participating media by Max and Langu´enou et [13]. This method essentially models the interchange of energy between cubical elements (zones

Toronto, University of

267

Evoluo das Linguagens Faladas IM-UFRJ 13/05/2009  

E-print Network

livros imperdíveis Evoluc¸ ~ao das Linguagens Faladas ­ p. #12;Dois livros imperdíveis Genes, Peuples et;Dois livros imperdíveis Genes, Peuples et Langues Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza Odile Jacob, Paris (1996

Liu, I-Shih

268

CAMPAGNE DE RECRUTEMENT ATER 2014-2015 Quotit Section(s) Intitul de la section Profil Candidats  

E-print Network

(e) à dispenser des cours sur l'ensemble de l'année universitaire, aux différents niveaux de la autant de civilisation que de langue. Il/elle sera amené(e) à dispenser des cours sur l'ensemble de l interviendra dans les différents niveaux, licence et master. Il s'agit de dispenser des cours s'inscrivant dans

Amstutz, Samuel

269

Comparative Psycholinguistics in the Study of Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

La Psycholinguistique comparée et l'étude de la culture. — L'A. décrit une série de recherches interculturelles qui ont été réalisées au Centre de Psycholin-guistique comparée de l'Université de l'Illinois. Le but de ces recherches était de trouver une forme polyculturelle du différentiateur sérnantique pour plus de 20 communautés qui different par la culture et la langue. Dans chacune d'elles, les

Leon A. Jakobovits

1966-01-01

270

Mlanges CRAPEL n31 CORPUS ORAUX PAR ET POUR L'APPRENANT  

E-print Network

de grands corpus, est né dans les années 1990 le paradigme « TaLC » (« teaching and language corpora'apprentissage des langues. En général, on identifie trois types d'approches en TaLC (voir Stewart et al., 2004 oraux en TaLC est considérablement à la traîne. Les travaux existants sur les corpus oraux dans l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

271

Assistanat d'enseignement --Poste offert En vertu d'une entente interuniversitaire entre l'Universit de la Colombie-  

E-print Network

Assistanat d'enseignement -- Poste offert En vertu d'une entente interuniversitaire entre l'Université de la Colombie- Britannique (Vancouver) et l'Université de Montréal, un poste d'assistant de français-2013. Description du poste : enseignement d'un cours de langue française au semestre d'hiver (du 1er janvier au 30

Parrott, Lael

272

La reconnaissance des acquis extrascolaires l'Universit Laval  

E-print Network

extrascolaires (RAE) Besoin d'information � l'automne: site web UL �tudiantes - �tudiants · Direction générale langues, crédits de recherche 3 #12;www.ulaval.ca Demande de recevabilité Directeur de programme (DP la direction de programme Réponse officielle: lettre envoyée par la DGPC (Serge Talbot) · Le DP en cc

273

ERASMUS Allemagne Bonn Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt BonnUniversit rhnane Frdric-Guillaume de Bonn Traduction/Interprtation 2012 2015 Mme Franoise LE DIFFON francoise.lediffon@univ-brest.fr ERASMUS Allemagne Brhl Europische Fachhochschule Unive  

E-print Network

Giessen Justus-Liebig-Universität Gie�en Université Justus-Liebig de Giessen Langues modernes CE 2009 2013 Mme Françoise LE DIFFON francoise.lediffon@univ-brest.fr ERASMUS Allemagne Giessen Justus-Liebig-Universität Gie�en Université Justus-Liebig de Giessen Droit 2009 2013 M. Hugues GUERRAULT hugues

Vermet, Franck

274

Valeur classique ou valeur humaniste: qu’est-ce que la rhétorique pour Dolet?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Dolet’s five guidelines for good translation, listed in his 1540Maniere de bien traduire d'une langue en aultre, stress the importance of classical rhetoric in his theory of imitative writing; amplification is promised in hisOrateur Françoys, but he never survived to publish this latter work. We can therefore only speculate as to what this lost text might have\\u000a contributed to our

Kenneth Lloyd-Jones

1999-01-01

275

Pour une approche transpathologique et translinguistique de l'approximation smantique; le cas des TED  

E-print Network

TED : vers une rigidité lexicale caractéristique de l'Asperger en L1 et L2 Karine Duvignau, Juliette sémantique- Métaphore - Asperger - Autisme de haut niveau- Langue maternelle et seconde Résumé : Les études que d'enfants Asperger et d'enfants avec autisme de haut niveau durant une tâche de dénomination d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

276

Chanson politique et histoire : Le combat de Saint-Cast et les Anglais sur les ctes de Bretagne au XVIII  

E-print Network

Chanson politique et histoire : Le combat de Saint-Cast et les Anglais sur les côtes de Bretagne au sur le combat de Saint-Cast, qui opposa Anglais et Français près de Saint-Malo en 1758 dans le de Saint-Cast à travers les chansons en langue bretonne ont souvent abouti à des conclusions erronées

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

Source BCLF n660, (Bulletin critique du livre en franais) Date juin 2004  

E-print Network

partie du livre, William E. B. Du Bois voulut poursuivre l'oeuvre d'un Frederick Douglass et se démarquer-américain du XXe siècle. William E. B. Du Bois obtient son doctorat à Harvard et étudia ensuite à Berlin. Il de l'essai en sociologie et en anthropologie. Dans une langue magnifique, William E. B. Du Bois y

278

Courses: Education (EDUC) Page 297Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog eduC 443A oBSerVAtion/pArtiCipAtion in MuLtiCuLturAL  

E-print Network

(1) eduC 538 deVeLopMent oF LAnguAge And tHinking: inFAnCy-MiddLe CHiLd (3) eduC 568 e the teacher's point of view. Includes child development, teachers' roles and responsibilities, and the culture an introduction to the classroom from teachers' points of view. Areas of content include child and adolescent

Ravikumar, B.

279

Les cooperatives et l'electrification rurale du Quebec, 1945--1964  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cette these est consacree a l'histoire de l'electrification rurale du Quebec, et, plus particulierement, a l'histoire des cooperatives d'electricite. Fondees par vagues successives a partir de 1945, les cooperatives rurales d'electricite ont ete actives dans plusieurs regions du Quebec et elles ont electrifie une partie significative des zones rurales. Afin de comprendre le contexte de la creation des cooperatives d'electricite, notre these debute (premiere partie) par une analyse du climat sociopolitique des annees precedant la naissance du systeme cooperatif d'electrification rurale. Nous y voyons de quelle facon l'electrification rurale devient progressivement, a partir de la fin des annees 1920, une question d'actualite a laquelle les divers gouvernements qui se succedent tentent de trouver une solution, sans engager---ou si peu---les fonds de l'Etat. En ce sens, la premiere etatisation et la mise sur pied d'Hydro-Quebec, en 1944, marquent une rupture quant au mode d'action privilegie jusque-la. La nouvelle societe d'Etat se voit cependant retirer son mandat d'electrifier le monde rural un an apres sa fondation, car le gouvernement Duplessis, de retour au pouvoir, prefere mettre en place son propre modele d'electrification rurale. Ce systeme repose sur des cooperatives d'electricite, soutenues par un organisme public, l'Office de l'electrification rurale (OER). L'OER suscite de grandes attentes de la part des ruraux et c'est par centaines qu'ils se manifestent. Cet engouement pour les cooperatives complique la tache de l'OER, qui doit superviser de nouvelles societes tout en assurant sa propre organisation. Malgre des hesitations et quelques delais introduits par un manque de connaissances techniques et de personnel qualifie, les commissaires de l'OER se revelent perspicaces et parviennent a mettre sur pied un systeme cooperatif d'electrification rurale qui produit des resultats rapides. Il leur faudra cependant compter sur l'aide des autres acteurs engages dans l'electrification, les organismes publics et les compagnies privees d'electricite. Cette periode de demarrage et d'organisation, traitee dans la deuxieme partie de la these, se termine en 1947-48, au moment ou l'OER et les cooperatives raffermissent leur maitrise du systeme cooperatif d'electrification rurale. Les annees 1948 a 1955 (troisieme partie de these) correspondent a une periode de croissance pour le mouvement cooperatif. Cette partie scrute ainsi le developpement des cooperatives, les vastes chantiers de construction et l'injection de millions de dollars dans l'electrification rurale. Cette troisieme partie prend egalement acte des premiers signes que quelque chose ne va pas si bien dans le monde cooperatif. Nous y verrons egalement les ruraux a l'oeuvre: comme membres, d'abord, mais aussi en tant que benevoles, puis a l'emploi des cooperatives. La quatrieme et derniere partie, les annees 1956 a 1964, aborde les changements majeurs qui ont cours dans l'univers cooperatif; il s'agit d'une ere nouvelle et difficile pour le mouvement cooperatif, dont les reseaux paraissent inadaptes aux changements de profil de la consommation d'electricite des usagers. L'OER sent alors le besoin de raffermir son controle des cooperatives, car il pressent les problemes et les defis auxquels elles auront a faire face. Notre etude se termine par l'acquisition des cooperatives par Hydro-Quebec, en 1963-64. Fondee sur des sources riches et variees, notre demarche propose un eclairage inedit sur une dimension importante de l'histoire de l'electricite au Quebec. Elle permet, ce faisant, de saisir les rouages et l'action de l'Etat sous un angle particulier, avant sa profonde transformation amorcee au cours des annees 1960. De meme, elle apporte quelques cles nouvelles pour une meilleure comprehension de la dynamique des milieux ruraux de cette periode.

Dorion, Marie-Josee

280

The part played by death in the novels of Muriel Spark  

E-print Network

this destruction of' their own lives. Prederick, a character. in The Public image, kills himself in such a way that the actual death is secondary to its planning. His death plans include an orgy, letters full of false accusations, drug overdoses, bizarre... it is done without lingering and the plot moves on past 1Z the death. A clear example of this can be found in Thc Driver's Seat in the description of the stabbing of Disc. "Kill me, " she says, and repeats it in four langu-, , ' c As the knife descends...

Parker, Gillian Russ

1975-01-01

281

Pourquoi les immigrs portugais veulent-ils tant retourner au pays ?  

E-print Network

différences entre les caractéristiques retenues, tandis qu'un tiers de l'écart observé est lié à l'effet les conséquences de leur migration sur l'économie d'accueil que sur les économies d'origine. En effet compétences spécifiques au pays hôte telles que la maîtrise de la langue (Galor et Stark, 1990, 1991, Dustmann

Boyer, Edmond

282

Sur la nature des absorbeurs dans l'interpretation transactionnelle de la mecanique quantique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'interpretation transactionnelle de la mecanique quantique est l'une des plus recentes propositions de description des phenomenes du microcosme. En accord avec les predictions de la mecanique quantique standard, l'interpretation transactionnelle propose une alternative a celle de Copenhague. Son principal avantage est qu'elle permet de visualiser les mecanismes sous-jacents a l'echange d'energie, de quantite de mouvement ou d'autres quantites quantiques entre un emetteur et un absorbeur. Ces echanges sont le resultat, a l'instar de la theorie de l'absorbeur de Wheeler et Feynman, de l'utilisation autant d'ondes avancees que retardees. Bien que l'interpretation transactionnelle n'ait pas attire la plus grande attention scientifique, plusieurs critiques lui ont ete adressees. Dans les annees 1990, differentes experiences a mesure sans interaction ont ete concues. Depuis, il a ete avance que la version originale de l'interpretation transactionnelle pouvait difficilement rendre compte de ce type d'experience et meme qu'elle n'est pas compatible avec le concept d'univers quadridimensionnel. La recherche de ce memoire par article consiste a montrer que lorsque l'on utilise systematiquement l'interpretation transactionnelle en considerant la configuration totale des absorbeurs (incluant l'absorbeur universel), il n'est pas necessaire de faire appel a une hierarchie de transactions comme certains l'ont propose.

Boisvert, Jean-Sebastien

283

Development of a New Stratigraphic Trap Exploration Using Elastic-Wave Seismic Technology  

SciTech Connect

Vecta acquired 9 square miles of 9-C seismic data in Mountrail County, North Dakota with the Mission Canyon shoreline as a primary target. Vecta contracted the Institute Francais du Petrole in order to co-develop a more rigorous multicomponent seismic interpretation product. The final interpretation was very unique in that it utilized not only the 9-C seismic data but also the new jointly developed software. A Mission Canyon anomaly was developed in 2006; however, it was of insufficient size to be a commercial target at the time. Therefore, Vecta analyzed the shear data for anisotropy within the Bakken formation and successfully reentered an abandoned producer within the project area and drilled a horizontal leg through the anomalous zones of the middle member of the Bakken formation. The well was open hole completed, swab tested, sand fraced, and swab tested some more. No shows of oil were ever seen from the Bakken formation, but the well yielded considerable amounts of formation water. The well has been abandoned as non-commercial. From the swab tests, one may conclude considerable permeability exists in the formation, thus confirming the utility of the shear wave to detect fractures within the targeted formation.

Bryan DeVault

2008-02-05

284

Pilot scale production of cellulolytic enzymes by Trichoderma reesei  

SciTech Connect

The French substitute fuels program aims at the substitution of part of gasoline by methanol. In order to avoid phase separation of the gasoline-methanol blend, a cosolvant has to be added; one of the most efficient cosolvants is the mixture of acetone and butanol produced by anaerobic acetone-butanol fermentation. The Institut Francais du Petrole is thus implementing a research and development program on the production of acetone butanol from biomass, either sugar crops (fodder beets and Jerusalem artichoke) or lignocellulosic (corn stover and wheat straw). Production of sugars from lignocellulosics is a major part of this program. The enzymatic hydrolysis route, based on Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic enzymes, has been chosen since it does not cause any degradation of C/sub 5/ sugars which are good substrates of the acetone butanol fermentation. Efficient and cheap large-scale production of cellulolytic enzymes is thus a key step in this process. This paper reports on production of cellulases by Trichoderma reesei in a 3-m/sup 3/ pilot fermentor under conditions which should facilitate the scaling-up of the process. 7 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

Warzywoda, M.; Chevron, F.; Ferre, V.; Pourquie, J.

1983-01-01

285

Oil spill detector device studied  

SciTech Connect

Nereides S.A., France, has commissioned the Institute Francais du Petrole (IFP) to study a membrane called IFP FUSE, which is capable of dissolution by hydrocarbons enabling the user to reliably and inexpensively detect oil spills at sea, in lakes, in rivers, and in rainwater. The membrane is stretched between two springs, which hold open a magnetic circuit breaker, and the entire unit is partially submerged in water. On contact with hydrocarbons, the membrane dissolves and frees the spring tension, thus transmitting a 48 h alarm through cable or radiowave. The membrane is made of thin film (0.1 mm), stable to water and air and highly sensitive to most hydrocarbons, crude oil, and refined products. Dissolution time in thin layers, depending on the hydrocarbon, is 5 sec to 13 min for crude oil, gas oil and domestic fuel, kerosene, isooctane, benzene, toluene, xylene, chlorinated solvents, and acetone. The membrane, guaranteed for three months, can be installed on oil terminals, airplane-launched buoys, and small floats.

Not Available

1980-03-01

286

A two-dimensional regional basin model of Williston basin hydrocarbon systems  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole`s two-dimensional model, TEMISPACK, is used to discuss the functioning of petroleum systems in the Williston basin along a 330-km-long section, focusing on four regional source intervals: Ordovician Yeoman formation, Lower Devonian Winnipegosis Formation, Upper Devonian-Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation, and Mississippian Lodgepole formation. Thermal history calibration against present temperature and source rock maturity profiles suggests that the Williston basin can be divided into a region of constant heat flow of about 55 mW/m{sup 2} away from the Nesson anticline, and a region of higher heat flow and enhanced thermal maturity in the vicinity of the Nesson anticline. Original kinetic parameters used in the calibration were derived for each of the four source rocks from Rock-Eval yield curves. Bakken overpressures are entirely due to oil generation, not compaction disequilibrium. Very low Bakken vertical permeabilities range from 0.01 to 0.001 and are matched against observed overpressures, whereas Bakken porosities based on the model and confirmed by measurements are inferred to be also unusually low, around 3%.

Burrus, J.; Wolf, S.; Doligez, B. [Institut Francais due Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)] [and others

1996-02-01

287

Modeling overpressures in sedimentary basins: Consequences for permeability and rheology of shales, and petroleum expulsion efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The prediction of overpressures using Institut Francais du Petrole's 2-D numerical model TEMISPACK is applied to several provinces of the world. In the Paris basin, France, normally pressured Liassic shales are shown to have permeabilities around a microdarcy, independently confirmed by laboratory measurements. In contrast, in the Norway section of the North Sea, Williston Basin, Canada, Gulf Coast, and in the Mahakam delta, observed overpressures of 10-50 MPa are consistently modeled with shale permeabilities around 1-10 nanodarcys. This theoretical value fits well with the lowest permeability measured in compacted shales. For these basins, compaction disequilibrium was found to explain most (>85%) of the overpressures. The only exception was the Williston basin in which overpressures observed in the organic-rich Bakken shales are entirely due to hydrocarbon generation. In Mahakam delta, the rheology of shales is nonlinear, i.e., the strength of shales increases rapidly with death. Consequently, shale compaction cannot be described by the linear behavior often assumed in hydrology. In the absence of fault barriers, numerical simulations and geological evidence suggest that overpressured source rocks have low or very low expulsion efficiency, irrespective of their organic content. However, shales with a permeability on the order of a microdarcy do not hinder petroleum migration.

Burrus, J.; Schneider, F.; Wolf, S. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France))

1994-07-01

288

Extracorporeal life support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: report of a Consensus Conference  

PubMed Central

The influenza H1N1 epidemics in 2009 led a substantial number of people to develop severe acute respiratory distress syndrome and refractory hypoxemia. In these patients, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used as rescue oxygenation therapy. Several randomized clinical trials and observational studies suggested that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation associated with protective mechanical ventilation could improve outcome, but its efficacy remains uncertain. Organized by the Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF) in conjunction with the Société Française d’Anesthésie et de Réanimation (SFAR), the Société de Pneumologie de Langue Française (SPLF), the Groupe Francophone de Réanimation et d’Urgences Pédiatriques (GFRUP), the Société Française de Perfusion (SOFRAPERF), the Société Française de Chirurgie Thoracique et Cardiovasculaire (SFCTV) et the Sociedad Española de Medecina Intensiva Critica y Unidades Coronarias (SEMICYUC), a Consensus Conference was held in December 2013 and a jury of 13 members wrote 65 recommendations to answer the five following questions regarding the place of extracorporeal life support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: 1) What are the available techniques?; 2) Which patients could benefit from extracorporeal life support?; 3) How to perform extracorporeal life support?; 4) How and when to stop extracorporeal life support?; 5) Which organization should be recommended? To write the recommendations, evidence-based medicine (GRADE method), expert panel opinions, and shared decisions taken by all the thirteen members of the jury of the Consensus Conference were taken into account. PMID:24936342

2014-01-01

289

Evolution des quasiparticules nodales du cuprate supraconducteur YBa2Cu3Oy en conductivite thermique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ce memoire presente des mesures de conductivite thermique sur les supraconducteurs YBCO et Tl-2201 afin de statuer sur la presence possible d'un point critique quantique (QCP) dans le diagramme de phase de cuprates. Ce point critique quantique serait a l'origine de la reconstruction de la surface de Fermi, d'un large cylindre de trous en de petites poches de trous et d'electrons. La conductivite thermique dans le regime T ? 0 permet d'extraire une quantite purement electronique liee aux vitesses de Fermi et du gap, au noeud. Une discontinuite dans cette quantite pourrait signaler la traversee du dopage critique qui reconstruit la surface de Fermi. Plusieurs sondes experimentales distinguent une transition de phase ou un crossover a T* a temperature finie. D'autres sondes mettent en evidence une transition de phase sous l'effet d'un champ magnetique. La presence ou non de cet ordre, a temperature et champ magnetique nul questionne la communaute depuis plusieurs annees. Dans cette etude, nous detectons une variation brusque de kappa0/T a p = 0.18 dans YBCO et a p = 0.20 dans Tl-2201. Ces sauts sont interpretes comme un signe de la transition a temperature nulle et sont en faveur d'un QCP. Le manque de donnees d'un meme materiau a ces dopages ne permet pas de valider hors de tout doute l'existence d'un point critique quantique. Le modele theorique YRZ decrit aussi bien les donnees de conductivite thermique. Des pistes de travaux experimentaux a poursuivre sont proposees pour determiner la presence ou non du QCP de facon franche. Mots-cles : Supraconducteurs, cuprates, conductivite thermique, point critique quantique.

Rene de Cotret, Samuel

290

[Inhalation therapy: inhaled generics, inhaled antidotes, the future of anti-infectives and the indications of inhaled pentamidine. GAT aerosolstorming, Paris 2012].  

PubMed

The working group on aerosol therapy (GAT) of the Société de pneumologie de langue française (SPLF) organized its third "Aerosolstorming" in 2012. During the course of one day, different aspects of inhaled therapy were discussed, and these will be treated separately in two articles, this one being the first. Inhaled products represent a large volume of prescriptions both in the community and in hospital settings and they involve various specialties particularly ENT and respiratory care. Technical aspects of the development of these products, their mode of administration and compliance with their indications are key elements for the effective therapeutic use of inhaled treatments. In this first article, we will review issues concerning generic inhaled products, the existence of inhaled antidotes, new anti-infective agents and indications for inhaled pentamidine. PMID:24314707

Peron, N; Le Guen, P; Andrieu, V; Bardot, S; Ravilly, S; Oudyi, M; Dubus, J-C

2013-12-01

291

Effets des electrons secondaires sur l'ADN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les interactions des electrons de basse energie (EBE) representent un element important en sciences des radiations, particulierement, les sequences se produisant immediatement apres l'interaction de la radiation ionisante avec le milieu biologique. Il est bien connu que lorsque ces radiations deposent leur energie dans la cellule, elles produisent un grand nombre d'electrons secondaires (4 x 104/MeV), qui sont crees le long de la trace avec des energies cinetiques initiales bien inferieures a 20 eV. Cependant, il n'y a jamais eu de mesures directes demontrant l'interaction de ces electrons de tres basse energie avec l'ADN, du principalement aux difficultes experimentales imposees par la complexite du milieu biologique. Dans notre laboratoire, les dernieres annees ont ete consacrees a l'etude des phenomenes fondamentaux induits par impact des EBE sur differentes molecules simples (e.g., N2, CO, O2, H2O, NO, C2H 4, C6H6, C2H12) et quelques molecules complexes dans leur phase solide. D'autres travaux effectues recemment sur des bases de l'ADN et des oligonucleotides ont montre que les EBE produisent des bris moleculaires sur les biomolecules. Ces travaux nous ont permis d'elaborer des techniques pour mettre en evidence et comprendre les interactions fondamentales des EBE avec des molecules d'interet biologique, afin d'atteindre notre objectif majeur d'etudier l'effet direct de ces particules sur la molecule d'ADN. Les techniques de sciences des surfaces developpees et utilisees dans les etudes precitees peuvent etre etendues et combinees avec des methodes classiques de biologie pour etudier les dommages de l'ADN induits par l'impact des EBE. Nos experiences ont montre l'efficacite des electrons de 3--20 eV a induire des coupures simple et double brins dans l'ADN. Pour des energies inferieures a 15 eV, ces coupures sont induites par la localisation temporaire d'un electron sur une unite moleculaire de l'ADN, ce qui engendre la formation d'un ion negatif transitoire dans un etat electronique dissociatif, cette localisation est suivie d'une fragmentation. A plus haute energie, la dissociation dipolaire (i.e., la formation simultanee d'un ion positif et negatif) et l'ionisation jouent un role important dans le dommage de l'ADN. L'ensemble de nos resultats permet d'expliquer les mecanismes de degradation de l'ADN par les EBE et d'obtenir des sections efficaces effectives des differents types de dommages.

Boudaiffa, Badia

292

Le changement comme tradition dans la recherche et la formation a la recherche en biotechnologie et en peripherie Etude de cas en sciences de la sante, sciences naturelles et genie  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Le champ de la recherche scientifique et de la formation a la recherche est traverse depuis quelques dizaines d'annees par plusieurs courants et discours associes au changement, mais peu de travaux empiriques permettent de comprendre ce qui change concretement. C'est la contribution originale de cette these au champ de l'education, plus specifiquement a l'etude sociologique de l'enseignement superieur ou sont concentrees les activites liees a la triade thematique du programme doctoral dans lequel elle a ete produite : recherche, formation et pratique. L'enquete-terrain a ete realisee en 2009 et 2010 aupres de 808 repondants affilies a 60 etablissements au Quebec et a produit un vaste materiau de nature mixte (donnees quantitatives et qualitatives). Un portrait de la nebuleuse biotechnologique qui touche les secteurs des sciences de la sante, des sciences naturelles et du genie a ete realise. Ce domaine concerne des dizaines de disciplines et se revele de nature transdisciplinaire, mais les pratiques n'y sont pas davantage marquees par le changement que celles d'autres domaines connexes. Les dynamiques sociales ont fait l'objet d'analyses comparatives dans quatre contextes: le choix des programmes, des objets et des methodes, le financement, la diffusion et la planification de la carriere. Les resultats indiquent que les echanges entre les agents traditionnellement situes au coeur des activites de recherche dominent ces dynamiques dans tous les contextes etudies. L'etude des representations au fondement des pratiques a revele l'existence de trois ecoles de pensee qui coexistent dans le champ scientifique: academique, pragmatique et economiste. Ces ecoles permettent de categoriser les agents en fonction des zones de fractures qui marquent leurs oppositions tout en identifiant ce qu'ils ont en commun. Les representations et les pratiques liees a la formation temoignent d'un habitus plutot homogene, alors que les contradictions semblent plus souvent ancrees dans des luttes universitaires que scientifiques, concentrees sur la negociation du capital scientifique, symbolique et economique en jeu dans la formation doctorale, dans les carrieres auxquelles elle mene, et dans les qualites du titre de Ph.D. Au final, la confusion entre des logiques opposees peut etre reduite en reinterpretant le changement comme tradition du champ scientifique. Mots-cles Sociologie, education, enseignement superieur, science et technologie, biotechnologie, formation doctorale, champ scientifique, reseaux sociaux

Bourque, Claude Julie

293

Interdiffusion de puits quantiques controlee par irradiation laser excimere pour l'integration de composants photoniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'integration de composants discrets sur un systeme unique, tel une puce electronique, augmente les performances totales du systeme, fait apparaitre de nouvelles fonctionnalites et diminue les couts associes a la fabrication des dispositifs. Ces ameliorations, appliquees au secteur de la microelectronique, sont grandement responsables des avancements importants qu'ont connus les technologies de l'information et des communications au cours des dernieres annees. Puisque la fabrication de circuits photoniques integres necessite l'integration de structures ayant des bandes interdites differentes a partir d'une meme puce semiconductrice, leur niveau d'integration est bien inferieur que celui atteint pour un microprocesseur standard. Parmi les techniques ayant le potentiel de fabriquer des circuits photoniques integres monolithiquement, l'interdiffusion de puits quantique post-expitaxial controlee spatialement augmente la bande interdite d'une heterostructure semiconductrice a l'interieur de regions definies. Le processus d'interdiffusion, active thermiquement, est accelere par la diffusion d'impuretes et de defauts ponctuels tels que les lacunes et les interstitiels. L'hypothese de depart de mes travaux de doctorat suppose que la radiation laser ultra-violette module la diffusion et la generation de defauts ponctuels dans les heterostructures reposant sur les technologies a base de GaAs et d'InP et, consequemment, controle spatialement l'interdiffusion de puits quantiques. Nous avons demontre que lorsque appliquee sur des heterostructures a base de GaAs, l'irradiation laser excimere l'interdiffusion en favorisant la croissance d'un stresseur de surface qui empeche la diffusion des defauts ponctuels vers les puits quantiques. Nous avons souligne l'influence de la vapeur d'eau physisorbee sur la croissance du stresseur et avons determine la resolution spatiale de la technique. Dans les heterostructures basees sur les technologies InP, meme sous le seuil d'ablation, l'absorption des impulsions laser UV favorise la desorption des atomes de surface ce qui genere des defauts ponctuels en concentration excedentaire. Lors d'un recuit thermique, ces defauts ponctuels augmentent la vitesse de l'interdiffusion sous les regions irradiees. Mots cles : Interdiffusion de puits quantique, integration potonique, laser excimere, semiconducteur, InP, GaAs.

Genest, Jonathan

294

Evaluation d'un ecosysteme pastoral sahelien: Apport de la geomatique (Oursi, Burkina Faso)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'objectif principal de cette recherche est la mise au point d'une architecture d'integration de donnees socio-bio-geographiques et de donnees satellitales dans un Systeme d'Information Geographique (SIG) en vue d'une aide a la prise de decisions dans un environnement semi-aride au nord du Burkina Faso. Elle repond a la question fondamentale de l'interpretation des effets des facteurs climatiques et socioeconomiques sur le milieu pastoral. La recherche s'est appuyee sur plusieurs hypotheses de travail: possibilite d'utilisation de modele de simulation, d'approche multicritere et de donnees de teledetection dans un cadre de systeme d'information geographique. L'evolution spatiotemporelle des parametres de productivite du milieu a ete evaluee par approche dynamique selon le modele de Wu et al. (1996) qui modelise les interactions entre le climat, le milieu physique, le vegetal et l'animal pour mieux quantifier la biomasse primaire. A ce modele, quatre parametres ont ete integres par approche floue et multicritere afin de prendre en compte la dimension socioeconomique de la productivite pastorale (apport majeur de la recherche): la sante, l'education, l'agriculture et l'eau. La teledetection (imagerie SPOT) a permis de definir la production primaire a partir de laquelle les simulations ont ete realisees sur 10 annees. Les resultats obtenus montrent une bonne correlation entre biomasse primaire in situ et celle calculee pour les deux modeles, avec toutefois une meilleure efficacite du modele modifie (4 fois plus) dans les zones de forte productivite ou l'on note un taux de surexploitation agricole eleve. A cause de la variabilite spatiale de la production primaire in situ, les erreurs des resultats de simulation (8 a 11%) sont acceptables et montrent la pertinence de l'approche grace a l'utilisation des SIG pour la spatialisation et l'integration des differents parametres des modeles. Les types de production secondaire preconises (production de lait pendant 7 mois ou de viande pendant 6 mois) sont bases sur les besoins de l'UBT et le disponible fourrager qui est de qualite mediocre en saison seche. Dans les deux cas de figure, un deficit fourrager est observe. Deux types de transhumance sont proposes afin d'assurer une production durable selon deux scenarios: exploitation rationnelle des unites pastorales selon un plan de rotation annuelle et mise en defens a moyen terme des zones degradees pour une regeneration. Les zones potentielles pour la transhumance ont ete determinees selon les limites acceptables des criteres d'exploitation durable des milieux saheliens definis par Kessler (1994) soit 0,2 UBT.ha-1.

Kabore, Seraphine Sawadogo

295

Statistical analysis of Pi2 pulsation by polar orbiting DE-1 satellite and three mid- and low- latitude ground stations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some previous studies have shown that the mid- and low- latitude Pi2 pulsations can be explained by a resonance mechanism in the inner magnetosphere (cavity mode), analyzing magnetic field data from ground stations and satellites. In these studies, satellites orbiting near the equatorial plane were used; there is no statistical study of Pi2 by polar orbiting satellites. We have been statistically analyzing Pi2 pulsations, using the 6-second magnetic field data acquired by the polar orbiting DE-1 satellite which has a perigee of about 500 km and an apogee of about 3.6 Re. The data period used here is from January 1983 to December 1985. At first we identified substorm onsets with AL index. For these substorm onset we checked if Pi2 pulsation is observed in the H component of geomagnetic field data at Kakioka (27.37 degree GMLAT, 208.75 degree GMLON), Crozet (-51.35 degree GMLAT, 113.27 degree GMLON), or Port Aux Francais (-56.93 degree GMLAT, 132.75 degree GMLON) which satisfy the following two criteria: (a) At least one of these stations are located near the midnight (21 - 03LT) at a substorm onset and (b) the wave power spectrum has a peak in the Pi2 frequency band (6.7 - 25 mHz). These event selection criteria yielded 442 events. Then we calculated the coherence of the magnetic field variations between the DE-1 and the ground station. Out of the 442 events, 251 events were found to have coherence larger than 0.6, being used in the following analysis. We calculated the power of the magnetic field variations at DE-1 and the phase difference of the magnetic field variations between the DE-1 satellite and ground station. We statistically examined the MLT-L distributions of these quantities at \\|GMLAT\\|= 0 - 30 degree, 30 - 60 degree, and 60 - 90 degree, according to the position of DE-1. It was found that (1) the Pi2 power in the compressional component decreased as the geomagnetic latitude of the satellite increased, (2) those of the azimuthal and radial components increased with geomagnetic latitude, (3) the phase difference between the magnetic field variation observed by DE-1 in compressional component and that on L greater than 5Re. These results suggest the cavity mode on the night side.

Teramoto, M.; Nose, M.

2006-12-01

296

Une version québécoise du Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2)—Outil d'évaluation des commotions cérébrales dans le sport 2 : Québec (SCAT2-Qc)  

PubMed Central

RÉSUMÉ Objectif : traduire le Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) dans la langue française parlée au Québec et en vérifier l'acceptabilité pour la population québécoise francophone. Méthodologie : le processus de traduction de la version originale du SCAT2 a fait appel à une variante de la méthode de traduction et d'adaptation d'outils proposée par l'Organisation mondiale de la santé. Une traduction parallèle a d'abord été réalisée. Ensuite, un comité a révisé cette traduction parallèle dans le but de produire une version préliminaire du SCAT2-Qc. Puis, on a procédé à une rétrotraduction parallèle, que l'on a comparée à la version originale. La version préliminaire a été modifiée. Pour parvenir à la version finale, on a intégré les suggestions et les commentaires formulés par deux sujets sains lors de l'essai de l'outil, et lors de la comparaison du SCAT2-Qc à la version française existante par trois réviseurs du domaine de la santé. On a ensuite testé la version finale du SCAT2-Qc auprès de douze sujets sains pour en vérifier l'acceptabilité. Résultats : les douze sujets sains n'ont eu aucun problème de compréhension en utilisant le SCAT2-Qc. Conclusion : les différentes étapes de traduction ont permis de créer le SCAT2-Qc. Son contenu ayant été validé, il peut à présent être utilisé dans le milieu sportif et scientifique québécois. PMID:24396168

Boyd, Jami; Boyer-Rémillard, Marie-Eve; Pilon-Piquette, Michael; McKinley, Patricia

2013-01-01

297

To be or not B2B?  

E-print Network

La question du commerce électronique interentreprises par le web (Business to Business, B2B) est posée actuellement par les grands groupes industriels impliqués dans le commerce mondial. Les prévisions sont imposantes, le B2B atteindra le C.A. de 3000 milliards de dollars en 2003. Les conditions d'accès, la façon de procéder des deux organisateurs (ARIBA et COMMERCE ONE) des plus grandes places de marchés actuelles, sont décrites. La base de l'énorme pyramide est le catalogue électronique multilingue UNSPSC (United Nations Standard Products and Services Classification) et l'organisation ECCMA (Electronic Commerce Code Management Association) qui gère le développement des UNSPSC codes en 8 langues. Dans ce contexte, l'auteur (re)-déclare qu'un des efforts principaux à fournir par le CERN est la création de son propre catalogue électronique. Dans la Division ST, une aide partielle à ce vaste programme pourrait être apportée par la normalisation des codes et désignations des pièces de maint...

Symons, L J

2001-01-01

298

[French guidelines on electroencephalogram].  

PubMed

Electroencephalography allows the functional analysis of electrical brain cortical activity and is the gold standard for analyzing electrophysiological processes involved in epilepsy but also in several other dysfunctions of the central nervous system. Morphological imaging yields complementary data, yet it cannot replace the essential functional analysis tool that is EEG. Furthermore, EEG has the great advantage of being non-invasive, easy to perform and allows control tests when follow-up is necessary, even at the patient's bedside. Faced with the advances in knowledge, techniques and indications, the Société de Neurophysiologie Clinique de Langue Française (SNCLF) and the Ligue Française Contre l'Épilepsie (LFCE) found it necessary to provide an update on EEG recommendations. This article will review the methodology applied to this work, refine the various topics detailed in the following chapters. It will go over the summary of recommendations for each of these chapters and underline proposals for writing an EEG report. Some questions could not be answered by the review of the literature; in those cases, an expert advice was given by the working and reading groups in addition to the guidelines. PMID:25435392

André-Obadia, N; Sauleau, P; Cheliout-Heraut, F; Convers, P; Debs, R; Eisermann, M; Gavaret, M; Isnard, J; Jung, J; Kaminska, A; Kubis, N; Lemesle, M; Maillard, L; Mazzola, L; Michel, V; Montavont, A; N'Guyen, S; Navarro, V; Parain, D; Perin, B; Rosenberg, S D; Sediri, H; Soufflet, C; Szurhaj, W; Taussig, D; Touzery-de Villepin, A; Vercueil, L; Lamblin, M D

2014-12-01

299

[Management of COPD exacerbations: from primary care to hospitalization].  

PubMed

The Société de pneumologie de langue française defines acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AE COPD) as an increase in daily respiratory symptoms, basically duration ? 48h or need for treatment adjustment. Etiology of EA COPD are mainly infectious, viral (rhinovirus, influenzae or parainfluenzae virus, coronavirus, adenovirus and respiratory syncytial virus) or bacterial (Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Moraxella catarrhalis). Pollutant exposure can also lead to AE COPD, such as NO2, SO2, ozone or particulates (PM10 and PM2.5). In 30% the etiology remains unknown. Differential diagnoses of AE COPD include infectious pneumonia, pneumothorax, acute heart failure and pulmonary embolism. Presences of signs of severity impose hospitalization: signs of respiratory distress, shock, acute confusion but also fragile patients, insufficient home support or absence of response to initial treatment. AE COPD treatments consist on increase in bronchodilators, chest physiotherapy, and antibiotics if sputum is frankly purulent. Systemic corticosteroids should not be systematic. Recommended dose is 0.5 mg/kg on short course (5-7 days). During hospitalization, oxygen supplementation and thromboprophylaxis could be prescribed. The main interest in non-invasive ventilation is persistent hypercapnia despite optimal medical management. During ambulatory management or hospitalization, clinical assessment at 48-72 h is mandatory. PMID:25451635

Jouneau, Stéphane; Brinchault, Graziella; Desrues, Benoît

2014-12-01

300

Fabrication de transistors mono-electroniques en silicium pour le traitement classique et quantique de l'information: une approche nanodamascene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les transistors mono-electroniques (SETs) sont des dispositifs ayant un grand potentiel d'applications, comme la detection de charge ultra-sensible, la logique a basse consommation de puissance, la memoire ou la metrologie. De plus, la possibilite de pieger un seul electron et de manipuler son etat de spin pourrait permettre des applications en informatique quantique. Le silicium est un materiau interessant pour fabriquer l'ilot d'un SET. Son gap semi-conducteur permet le fonctionnement du dispositif dans le regime a un seul electron ou trou et pourrait permettre d'etendre la plage d'operation du SET en temperature en augmentant l'energie d'addition du diamant central de la valeur du gap. En outre, le silicium beneficie de plus de quarante annees d'expertise en microfabrication et d'une compatibilite avec la technologie metal--oxyde--semi-conducteur complementaire (CMOS). Cependant, la fabrication de ces dispositifs fait face a de serieuses limitations a cause de la taille nanometrique requise pour l'ilot. A ce jour, les procedes de fabrication proposes permettant l'operation a la temperature ambiante sont trop peu reproductibles pour permettre des applications a grande echelle. Dans ce memoire de maitrise, la fabrication de transistors mono-electroniques en silicium (Si-SETs) pour le traitement classique et quantique de l'information est realisee avec un procede nanodamascene. Le polissage chimico-mecanique (CMP) est introduit comme etape clef de la fabrication du transistor, permettant le controle au nanometre pres (nanodamascene) de l'epaisseur du transistor. Cet outil permet la fabrication de dispositifs ayant une geometrie auparavant impossible a realiser et ouvre la porte a l'innovation technologique. De plus, un procede de gravure du silicium par plasma a couplage inductif (ICP) est developpe pour permettre la fabrication de nanostructures de silicium sur une nanotopographie alliant le nano et le 3D. Les Si-SETs fabriques sont caracterises a basse temperature et demontrent du blocage de Coulomb avec une energie de charge de plus de 100 meV, soit quatre fois la temperature ambiante. De plus, le regime a un seul electron et les effets quantiques du confinement dans ce regime sont observes. Pour la premiere fois, le gap complet du silicium et les premiers diamants sont mesures sur un dispositif fabrique avec un procede reproductible et industrialisable. Le diamant central voit son energie d'addition augmentee de la valeur du gap du silicium, pour un total de plus de 1200 meV, soit 46 fois la temperature ambiante. Cette caracteristique pourrait ouvrir la porte a des applications en logique basse puissance dans un mode de transport a plusieurs electrons laissant circuler dix fois plus de courant dans l'etat ouvert, tout en conservant le bas courant dans l'etat ferme d'un SET. Mots clefs : transistor mono-electronique, silicium, operation a temperature ambiante, logique basse puissance, informatique quantique, nanoelectronique, polissage chimico-mecanique, gravure plasma, nanofabrication.

Harvey-Collard, Patrick

301

Recherche et Analyse de Galaxies Brilliantes EN Exces EN Ultraviolet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dans ce travail, nous decrivons et presentons les resultats du sondage Montreal Blue Galaxy (MBG) visant la recherche de galaxies emettant en exces en ultraviolet. Cette recherche utilise le materiel photographique du sondage MCT (Montreal-Cambridge-Tololo) qui par son etendue correspond a un des plus importants sondages de l'hemisphere austral. Le sondage MBG est presentement le seul dans cet hemisphere a employer la technique de poses multiples pour la selection de ses candidats. Grace a cette technique, nous avons l'occasion d'etudier un echantillon de galaxies ayant des caracteristiques quelque peu differentes de celles des echantillons analyses auparavant. Deux phenomenes peuvent expliquer l'exces d'ultraviolet observe dans ces galaxies. Le premier suppose la presence dans leur noyau d'un trou noir massif. Toutes les galaxies sujettes a ce type d'activite sont regroupees sous le nom de galaxies avec noyau actif (AGN). Le deuxieme phenomene est relie a une periode de formation intense d'etoiles, ou sursaut de formation d'etoiles ("starburst"). L'exces d'ultraviolet trahit ici la presence d'un grand nombre d'etoiles massives recemment creees au sein de ces galaxies. En plus d'augmenter le nombre d'AGN connues, les sondages de galaxies brillantes en ultraviolet permettent aussi d'approfondir les questions specifiques suivantes: combien y a-t'il de galaxies starbursts differentes? Quelle est l'origine possible de leur activite? Quel est le role des sursauts de formation d'etoiles dans la vie d'une galaxie? Quel est le lien entre les galaxies starbursts et les AGN?. L'analyse de notre echantillon de galaxies se fait par l'entremise de plusieurs methodes. La premiere consiste a obtenir des spectres optiques de nos candidats. L'etude de ces spectres nous permet de distinguer entre les AGN et les galaxies starbursts et de deduire plusieurs parametres physiques importants. Notre deuxieme methode consiste a obtenir des images. Ceci nous permet d'avoir une idee de la morphologie des galaxies et ainsi de comprendre ies phenomenes sous-jacents aux sursauts de formation d'etoiles. En plus de la forme et des dimensions, une analyse des images prises sous differents filtres nous permet d'etudier les differentes populations stellaires presentes et d'en comprendre l'evolution. La troisieme methode employee pour notre etude utilise les informations en infrarouge du satellite americain IRAS. Ces donnees nous renseignent sur la quantite et l'etat de la poussiere associee a l'activite de ces galaxies. Les resultats faisant l'objet de cette these portent sur 40% du sondage total. L'echantillon etudie compte 332 galaxies, dont 60 ont ete observees en spectroscopie et 15 analysees en imagerie. Les AGN ne constituent que 5% des galaxies de notre echantillon. La majorite de nos candidats sont des galaxies starbursts. Leur caracteristique principale est que le sursaut de formation d'etoiles est principalement localise dans la region de leur noyau. La majorite des galaxies starbursts de notre echantillon ont une morphologie de type spirale precoce et contiennent des populations stellaires relativement evoluees. Plusieurs indices suggerent que les sursauts de formation detoiles sont relies a une accretion relativement recente de matiere provenant soit de leur environnement soit de l'interaction avec d'autres galaxies. Les sursauts de formation d'etoiles peuvent etre de longue duree (de l'ordre de 10 ^9 annees) ou peuvent se produire en cascades. Ces resultats semblent typiques des galaxies avec sursauts de formation d'etoiles dans le noyau. L'importance du phenomene laisse penser qu'il s'agit d'une phase majeure dans l'evolution de ces galaxies.

Coziol, Roger

302

From Teacher-at-Sea to Authentic Science in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research has shown that most teachers will teach the way they have been taught, unless a sustainable intervention has taken place. This has the greatest implications for teachers of science, where those who have been taught with inquiry approaches will employ inquiry approaches in their classrooms, and those who have been taught with lecture and note taking will teach primarily using lectures and note taking. If our children are to learn about the nature of science, they need to be taught using constructivist and inquiry methods. A teacher who only uses textbooks and lectures will not create students who can employ critical thinking skills indicative of the nature of science. There is a way to change the way our teachers teach science, and that is by exposing teachers to authentic inquiry. The Teacher at Sea Program sponsored by Institut Polaire Francais (IPEV) created such an opportunity for 4 teachers, who participated in the PACHIDERME deep sea sediment cruise on the R/V Marion Dufresne off the coast of Chile for 3 weeks in February, 2007. While onboard the teachers assisted research scientists from France, Germany, Norway, and Chile in their quest to gather and analyze sediment cores for clues to past climates. The teachers were immersed in the research projects right from the start. They all participated in a "watch" and assisted those on the watch with the processing of the cores, which included properly labeling and packaging each of the core segments. Prior to the packaging, preliminary analysis was done to identify the physical and biological attributes of the core. The scientists gave of their time to coach the teachers not only on the techniques they were using, but also on the process of science. Whether it's working on an unstable platform, coring into the unknown, or adjusting to the weather that Mother Nature brings, the nature and process of science out at sea is complicated. The teachers came to realize this as they sailed in and out of the fjord region and into the open ocean off the coast of Chile, and shared these experiences with colleagues and students from around the world. They sent daily logs via email, sent pictures, and answered questions sent by teachers and students from Europe, the United States, and Chile. Students kept journals as they followed the daily events of the teachers at sea. A powerpoint presentation documenting the scientific endeavors of the cruise was created and is being used by many teachers as a tool to show how scientific research is done at sea. Was this cruise effective in changing the teaching styles of those teachers on board? The teachers observed how scientists generate questions, propose study plans, and employ creative methods to answer those questions. Having witnessed the nature and process first hand, these teachers reassessed their teaching styles for scientific validity. They are employing a greater number of open/full inquiry projects where the students are constructing and seeking to answer their own questions. These students will leave their classes knowing about the challenges of doing science, and the excitement in doing science. Whether it's out at sea, in the field, or in a lab, the participation of teachers in authentic inquiry is the best way to ensure our students are participating in authentic inquiry.

Holzer, M. A.; Laj, C.

2007-12-01

303

EGS Richardson AGU Chapman NVAG3 Conference: Nonlinear Variability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. The conference The third conference on "Nonlinear VAriability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes" (NVAG 3) was held in Cargese, Corsica, Sept. 10-17, 1993. NVAG3 was joint American Geophysical Union Chapman and European Geophysical Society Richardson Memorial conference, the first specialist conference jointly sponsored by the two organizations. It followed NVAG1 (Montreal, Aug. 1986), NVAG2 (Paris, June 1988; Schertzer and Lovejoy, 1991), five consecutive annual sessions at EGS general assemblies and two consecutive spring AGU meeting sessions. As with the other conferences and workshops mentioned above, the aim was to develop confrontation between theories and experiments on scaling/multifractal behaviour of geophysical fields. Subjects covered included climate, clouds, earthquakes, atmospheric and ocean dynamics, tectonics, precipitation, hydrology, the solar cycle and volcanoes. Areas of focus included new methods of data analysis (especially those used for the reliable estimation of multifractal and scaling exponents), as well as their application to rapidly growing data bases from in situ networks and remote sensing. The corresponding modelling, prediction and estimation techniques were also emphasized as were the current debates about stochastic and deterministic dynamics, fractal geometry and multifractals, self-organized criticality and multifractal fields, each of which was the subject of a specific general discussion. The conference started with a one day short course of multifractals featuring four lectures on a) Fundamentals of multifractals: dimension, codimensions, codimension formalism, b) Multifractal estimation techniques: (PDMS, DTM), c) Numerical simulations, Generalized Scale Invariance analysis, d) Advanced multifractals, singular statistics, phase transitions, self-organized criticality and Lie cascades (given by D. Schertzer and S. Lovejoy, detailed course notes were sent to participants shortly after the conference). This was followed by five days with 8 oral sessions and one poster session. Overall, there were 65 papers involving 74 authors. In general, the main topics covered are reflected in this special issue: geophysical turbulence, clouds and climate, hydrology and solid earth geophysics. In addition to AGU and EGS, the conference was supported by the International Science Foundation, the Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique, Meteo-France, the Department of Energy (US), the Commission of European Communities (DG XII), the Comite National Francais pour le Programme Hydrologique International, the Ministere de l'Enseignement Superieur et de la Recherche (France). We thank P. Hubert, Y. Kagan, Ph. Ladoy, A. Lazarev, S.S. Moiseev, R. Pierrehumbert, F. Schmitt and Y. Tessier, for help with the organization of the conference. However special thanks goes to A. Richter and the EGS office, B. Weaver and the AGU without whom this would have been impossible. We also thank the Institut d' Etudes Scientifiques de Cargese whose beautiful site was much appreciated, as well as the Bar des Amis whose ambiance stimulated so many discussions. 2. Tribute to L.F. Richardson With NVAG3, the European geophysical community paid tribute to Lewis Fry Richardson (1881-1953) on the 40th anniversary of his death. Richardson was one of the founding fathers of the idea of scaling and fractality, and his life reflects the European geophysical community and its history in many ways. Although many of Richardson's numerous, outstanding scientific contributions to geophysics have been recognized, perhaps his main contribution concerning the importance of scaling and cascades has still not received the attention it deserves. Richardson was the first not only to suggest numerical integration of the equations of motion of the atmosphere, but also to attempt to do so by hand, during the First World War. This work, as well as a presentation of a broad vision of future developments in the field, appeared in his famous, pioneering book "Weather prediction by numerical processes" (1922). As

Schertzer, D.; Lovejoy, S.

304

On occasion of 800th anniversary of birth of Ibn al-Nafis--discoverer of cardiac and pulmonary circulation.  

PubMed

With Ibn Sina great Canon came the "golden age of Arabic medicine", almost to its peak. Since the beginning of XI century, when Ibn Sina died, until the middle of XIII century, when creative was Ibn al-Nafis, medical science continues to develop and progress, and had its brilliant minds. For that time characteristic is the fact that neither the strong authority as Avicenna was could paralyze the progress of medical science. Three hundred years before Paracelsus, in Cairo appears a medical scientist who dares to touch the authority of Ibn Sina-Avicenna in the infallibility of Canon-"Medical Bible". The scholar was called Alauddin Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288). He, 250 years ago Servet, (Michael Servetus, XVI century) reveals the truly describes the small or pulmonary circulation, but also gives a description of the great forerunner of the bloodstream. In his separate work on the anatomy, Ibn al-Nafis in five places contested arguments of Galen's teachings, which also Ibn Sina was accepted. He very persuasively argues that the blood does not oxidize ("does not mix with air "), passing through some hypothetical pores in the partition between the right half of the heart, in which blood is collected and left half, in which, supposedly is the air, but that this happen when the blood is going from the right ventricle through the pulmonary artery into the lungs, where it is mixed with air and thus "converted" murmurs through the pulmonary vein into the left half of the heart. On occasion of the 800th anniversary of Ibn al-Nafis birth, one of the largest Arab and world doctors of all times we publish this article so that readers get something closer image his creative work, especially the one which relates to his contribution to the discovery of cardiac and pulmonary circulation, revolutionary discoveries in the world of medicine. In the year 1924 a heated debate started regarding the discovery of the pulmonary circulation. This discovery was attributed only to European scholars. It stemmed back to the sixteenth century. When Michael Servetus (1511-1553), Anderea Vesalius (?1514-1654), Nicolai Massa (1485-1569), Realdo Colombo (1520-1654), Valverde De Hamusco (1508-1565), Andera Cesalpino (1519-1603), Fabrici d'Aquapendent (1533-1619) and William Harvey (1578-1657) developed the concept. However, Muhyi-d-din At-Tatawi (1896-1945) presented his thesis "Der Lungenkreislauf nach El-Korachi. Dissert, z.eil. d. Doktorwrde, Freiburg im Brisgau 1924" of the blood circulation according to al Qurashi relaying on his discovery of his description of pulmonary circulation in one of ancient manuscripts, He proposed that the real credit for the discovery of the pulmonary circulation belongs this eminent physician of the thirteenth century: Ibn al-Nafis. Later another doctor Abdul Kareem Chihade (1922- ) presented another dissertation in Paris 1951 entitled" decouverte de la circulatio pulmonaire chez Ibn an-Nafis". Published by Institut Francais De Damas 1955. Other prominent professors like: Paul Galiounji and Salman Qatayyah researched extensively in his manuscripts and produced very important monographs. The general consensus is that Ibn al-Nafis' work exerted great influence on the development of medical science, both in the Islamic world and Europe. A closer look on Ibn al-Nafis contribution would indicate that he also described the coronary circulation, the cranial nerves the gall bladder anatomy and many new aspect of ophthalmology. He advocated as well therapy through nutrition. His work integrated the medical knowledge with great clarity and emphasized precision. PMID:21287961

Masic, Izet

2010-01-01

305

A Guide to Axial-Flow Turbine Off-Design Computer Program AXOD2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Users Guide for the axial flow turbine off-design computer program AXOD2 is composed in this paper. This Users Guide is supplementary to the original Users Manual of AXOD. Three notable contributions of AXOD2 to its predecessor AXOD, both in the context of the Guide or in the functionality of the code, are described and discussed in length. These are: 1) a rational representation of the mathematical principles applied, with concise descriptions of the formulas implemented in the actual coding. Their physical implications are addressed; 2) the creation and documentation of an Addendum Listing of input namelist-parameters unique to AXOD2, that differ from or are in addition to the original input-namelists given in the Manual of AXOD. Their usages are discussed; and 3) the institution of proper stoppages of the code execution, encoding termination messaging and error messages of the execution to AXOD2. These measures are to safe-guard the integrity of the code execution, such that a failure mode encountered during a case-study would not plunge the code execution into indefinite loop, or cause a blow-out of the program execution. Details on these are discussed and illustrated in this paper. Moreover, this computer program has since been reconstructed substantially. Standard FORTRAN Langue was instituted, and the code was formatted in Double Precision (REAL*8). As the result, the code is now suited for use in a local Desktop Computer Environment, is perfectly portable to any Operating System, and can be executed by any FORTRAN compiler equivalent to a FORTRAN 9095 compiler. AXOD2 will be available through NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) Software Repository.

Chen, Shu-Cheng S.

2014-01-01

306

Infectious peritonitis profile in peritoneal dialysis at Ibn Sina University Hospital: a 6-year data report  

PubMed Central

Background Infectious peritonitis (IP) is the most common complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD). The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of IP and to determine its clinical, biological, and evolutive characteristics. Patients and methods We conducted a five year, five months retrospective study from July 2006 to December 2011. All patients on peritoneal dialysis that have been followed on PD for a minimum of 3 months and who presented IP during follow-up were included. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0. Results The 76 episodes of IP were identified in 36 patients. The peritonitis rate (months × patients/peritonitis), as calculated by the Registre de Dialyse Péritonéale de Langue Française (RDPLF Registry) [French peritoneal dialysis registry] in December 2011, was 18.59. Time to occurrence of peritonitis from the start of peritoneal exchange was 15.44±10 months. The mean age of our patients was 49.1±16.8 years [10–80]: the youngest patient’s age was 10, while the oldest was 80 years old (male to female: sex ratio M/F=1,66). Also, 22% of our patients were diabetic. The mean follow-up in PD was 22.6±14 months. Abdominal pain was present in 79% of the cases. Fever and vomiting were noted in 42% and 38% of cases, respectively. The C-reactive protein rate was elevated in 77% of cases, and leukocytosis was found in 27% of cases. Bacteriological proof was present in 73.68% of cases. Gram-positive cocci were involved in 56.6% of microbiologically proven IP cases. Gram-negative bacilli were represented in 37.7%. The outcome was favorable in 89.4%. The PD catheter was removed in 2.63% of the cases. In addition, 7.89% of our patients were transferred to hemodialysis. Discussion The rate of IP remains high in our series. More than one-half of the peritonitis cases with positive cultures (56.6%) were caused by Gram-positive cocci. Gram-negative bacilli ranked second (27.7%). These results agree with data in the literature. Moreover, the rate of culture-negative IP in our series is high (26%). Evolution is good in most cases (89%). Conclusion Despite the gradual decrease of its rate, peritonitis remains frequent in our center and calls for optimization of means of prevention. The high frequency of negative culture IP in our study urges us toward better collaboration with biologists to target antibiotic therapy and improve IP management. PMID:25187732

Bekaoui, Samira; Haddiya, Intissar; Houti, Maria Slimani; Berkchi, Fatima Zahra; Ezaitouni, Fatima; Ouzeddoun, Naima; Bayahia, Rabia; Benamar, Loubna

2014-01-01

307

Chromosomal factors of infertility in candidate couples for ICSI: an equal risk of constitutional aberrations in women and men.  

PubMed

To assess the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in French candidates for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and to explore the existence of a female chromosomal factor in some cases of couple infertility, a collaborative retrospective clinical and cytogenetic study was performed, launched by the Association des Cytogénéticiens de Langue Franciaise (ACLF). The karyotypes of 3208 patients [2196 men (68.4%), 1012 (31.6%) women] included in ICSI programmes over a 3-year period in France were collected. A total of 183 aberrant karyotypes was diagnosed, corresponding to an abnormality frequency of 6.1% (134/2196) for men and 4.84% (49/1012) for women. The following frequencies of abnormalities were observed respectively for men and women: 1.23% (n = 27) and 0.69% (n = 7) for reciprocal translocations, 0.82% (n = 18) and 0.69% (n = 7) for Robertsonian translocations, 0.13% (n = 3) and 0.69% (n = 7) for inversions, 3.32% (n = 73) and 2.77% (n = 28) for numerical sex chromosome aberrations, and 0.59% (n = 13) and 0% for other structural aberrations. Among the male patients of this latter group, 0.40% (n = 9) had a Y chromosome abnormality. Among the male patients with numerical sex chromosome abnormalities, 2.23% (n = 49) were 47,XXY, 0.32% (n = 7) were 47,XYY, and 0.77% (n = 17) had a mosaicism for numerical sex chromosome anomalies. All the female patients with sex chromosome abnormalities (2.77%, n = 28) had mosaicism for numerical sex chromosome anomalies. Even if these cases-the significance of which was sometimes questioned-were disregarded in the analysis, 2.08% (21/1012) of abnormal karyotypes remained in women. An overall increased frequency of chromosomal aberrations was found, and this confirmed that in some cases of poor reproductive outcome there may be a contribution of maternal chromosome aberrations. Indeed, the existence of a chromosome abnormality in the female partner was associated with the group of infertile men in which there was no apparent cause of infertility. PMID:11139542

Gekas, J; Thepot, F; Turleau, C; Siffroi, J P; Dadoune, J P; Briault, S; Rio, M; Bourouillou, G; Carré-Pigeon, F; Wasels, R; Benzacken, B

2001-01-01

308

Une alternative au cobalt pour la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi par plasma inductif thermique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les nanotubes de carbone de type monoparoi (C-SWNT) sont une classe recente de nanomateriaux qui ont fait leur apparition en 1991. L'interet qu'on leur accorde provient des nombreuses proprietes d'avant-plan qu'ils possedent. Leur resistance mecanique serait des plus rigide, tout comme ils peuvent conduire l'electricite et la chaleur d'une maniere inegalee. Non moins, les C-SWNT promettent de devenir une nouvelle classe de plateforme moleculaire, en servant de site d'attache pour des groupements reactifs. Les promesses de ce type particulier de nanomateriau sont nombreuses, la question aujourd'hui est de comment les realiser. La technologie de synthese par plasma inductif thermique se situe avantageusement pour la qualite de ses produits, sa productivite et les faibles couts d'operation. Par contre, des recherches recentes ont permis de mettre en lumiere des risques d'expositions reliees a l'utilisation du cobalt, comme catalyseur de synthese; son elimination ou bien son remplacement est devenu une preoccupation importante. Quatre recettes alternatives ont ete mises a l'essai afin de trouver une alternative plus securitaire a la recette de base; un melange catalytique ternaire, compose de nickel, de cobalt et d'oxyde d'yttrium. La premiere consiste essentiellement a remplacer la proportion massique de cobalt par du nickel, qui etait deja present dans la recette de base. Les trois options suivantes contiennent de nouveaux catalyseurs, en remplacement au Co, qui sont apparus dans plusieurs recherches scientifiques au courant des dernieres annees: le dioxyde de zircone (ZrO2), dioxyde de manganese (MnO2) et le molybdene (Mo). La methode utilisee consiste a vaporiser la matiere premiere, sous forme solide, dans un reacteur plasma a haute frequence (3 MHz) a paroi refroidi. Apres le passage dans le plasma, le systeme traverse une section dite de "croissance", isolee thermiquement a l'aide de graphite, afin de maintenir une certaine plage de temperature favorable a la synthese de C-SWNT. Le produit final est par la suite recolte sur des filtres metalliques poreux, une fois le systeme mis a l'arret. Dans un premier temps, une analyse thermodynamique, calculee avec le logiciel Fact-Sage, a permis de mettre en lumiere l'etat des differentes produits et reactifs, tout au long de leur passage dans le systeme. Elle a permis de reveler la similitude de composition de la phase liquide du melange catalytique ternaire de base, avec celui du melange binaire, avec nickel et oxyde d'yttrium. Par la suite, une analyse du bilan d'energie, a l'aide d'un systeme d'acquisition de donnees, a permis de determiner que les conditions operatoires des cinq echantillons mis a l'essai etaient similaires. Au total, le produit final a ete caracterise a l'aide de six methodes de caracterisations differentes : l'analyse thermogravimetrique, la diffraction de rayons X, la microscopie electronique a balayage a haute resolution (HRSEM), la microscopie electronique a transmission (MET), la spectroscopie RAMAN, ainsi que la mesure de la surface specifique (BET). Les resultats de ces analyses ont permis de constater, de facon coherente, que le melange a base de molybdene etait celui qui produisait la moins bonne qualite de produit. Ensuite, en ordre croissant, s'en suivait du melange a base de MnO2 et de ZrO2. Le melange de reference, a base de cobalt, est au deuxieme rang en matiere de qualite. La palme revient au melange binaire, dont la proportion est double en nickel. Les resultats de ce travail de recherche permettent d'affirmer qu'il existe une alternative performante au cobalt pour effectuer la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi, par plasma inductif thermique. Cette alternative est l'utilisation d'un melange catalytique binaire a base de nickel et d'oxyde d'yttrium. Il est suggere que les performances plus faibles des recettes alternatives, moins performantes, pourraient etre expliquees par le profil thermique fixe du reacteur. Ceci pourrait favoriser certains melanges, au detriment des autres, qui possedent des proprietes thermodynamiqu

Carrier, Jean-Francois

309

Les reseaux de politique publique comme facteur d'influence du choix des instruments de politique energetique canadienne a des fins environnementales de 1993 a nos jours  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Au cours de la derniere decennie, les modes de la gouvernance ont pris place dans un contexte totalement different de celui qu'ils avaient auparavant. Les gouvernements modernes se rendent compte qu'ils perdent de plus en plus leur capacite a elaborer et a gerer les changements d'une maniere autonome. Ainsi, les fonctions et les activites traditionnellement accomplies exclusivement par le gouvernement engagent de nos jours une gamme d'acteurs etatiques et non etatiques. A l'encontre du concept traditionnel de l'Etat controleur, la gouvernance contemporaine est ainsi devenue moins une question d'offre de service et davantage une gestion indirecte des reseaux de politique publique. Dans cette entreprise, les gouvernements contemporains, cherchant plus d'information, de soutien et de legitimite en matiere de formulation des decisions, ont besoin d'etablir des relations avec les divers groupes d'interet qui, a leur tour, voulaient plus de promotion et de protection en faveur de leurs interets a travers leur implication au processus de l'elaboration et de la mise en oeuvre des politiques publiques. Ainsi, l'approche des reseaux de politique publique represente aujourd'hui un courant considerable au sein du champ d'analyse des politiques publiques. Toutefois, les preoccupations des chercheurs pour cette approche, dans le domaine des politiques energetiques a des fins environnementales, semblent recentes, et les etudes realisees sont encore trop peu nombreuses. Au Canada, au debut des annees 1990, le gouvernement ainsi que plusieurs groupes d'interets, des differents secteurs energetique, industriel et environnemental, ont commence a intensifier leurs efforts pour s'attaquer au probleme du changement climatique d'origine energetique, genere surtout par le secteur de l'industrie. Au cours de la derniere decennie, la question touchant plutot le sujet du developpement energetique durable represente le plus important domaine des politiques publiques ayant surgi recemment dans l'agenda politique du pays. Notre projet de recherche, par le truchement de l'approche des reseaux de politique publique, s'attarde a decrire et a expliquer le processus de la formulation d'une politique particuliere, soit la politique energetique a des fins de protection de l'environnement, elaboree en 1993. Il s'agit de mettre en evidence les facteurs affectant le choix des instruments de ces politiques publiques dans leur contexte national. Ainsi, la question generale de cette recherche est: Comment les phases evolutives de la formation d'un reseau de politique, en l'occurrence le Conseil canadien de l'energie (CCE), menent a des caracteristiques particulieres a ce reseau; et comment celles-ci determinent-elles les types des instruments de politique publique choisis, particulierement ceux de la recente orientation des politiques energetiques canadiennes a des fins environnementales elaborees en 1993? Afin d'atteindre l'objectif de notre recherche, deux facteurs primordiaux sont utilises, soit la circulation de l'information et l'exercice du controle sur les ressources des acteurs. L'analyse des caracteristiques du reseau en fonction des liens forts et des liens faibles autant que la presence ou l'absence des trous structuraux nous permettent de bien identifier les positions des differents acteurs, etatiques et non etatiques, sur le plan de l'information et du controle, qui a leur tour, nous semble-t-il, constituent des facteurs affectant les types des instruments des politiques publiques choisis: instruments substantifs, qui indiquent le degre de l'intervention du gouvernement, et instruments proceduraux, qui mettent plutot l'accent sur le degre de l'influence du gouvernement sur les acteurs non etatiques. L'etude soutient que l'approche des reseaux se distingue notamment par son potentiel a expliquer l'interrelation relative entre idees, interets et institutions, ce qui a son tour est susceptible de permettre une meilleure comprehension des processus de l'elaboration des politiques energetiques et environnementales canadiennes. Qui plus est, le fait de rec

Fathy El Dessouky, Naglaa

310

Contribution a la comprehension de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et du laitier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'incorporation des ajouts cimentaires dans le beton est connue pour ses avantages technologiques et environnementaux. Pour assurer une plus grande utilisation des ajouts cimentaires, il faut accroitre la connaissance dans ce domaine surtout les facteurs relatifs a la durabilite des ouvrages construits avec les betons contenant des ajouts mineraux. Jusqu'a present, la plupart des etudes sur les betons contenant de la cendre volante et du laitier semble s'accorder sur leur moins bonne durabilite a l'ecaillage surtout lorsqu'on les compare au beton ordinaire. Les raisons de cette moins bonne performance ne sont pas toutes connues et cela limite bien des fois l'incorporation de la cendre volante et de laitier dans le beton pour des ouvrages fortement exposes aux cycles de gel-degel en presence de sels fondants. Cette these vise la comprehension des problematiques de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant des ajouts cimentaires tels la cendre volante et le laitier. Les objectifs sont de mieux comprendre la representativite et la severite relative des essais normalises ASTM C672 et NQ 2621-900 pour l'evaluation de la durabilite a l'ecaillage de ces betons, d'etudier l'influence de la methode de murissement sur la durabilite a l'ecaillage et d'etudier la relation entre la durabilite a l'ecaillage et la sorptivite des surfaces de beton ainsi que la particularite de la microstructure des betons contenant de la cendre volante. Cinq types de betons a air entraine contenant 25% et 35% de cendre volante et laitier ainsi que 1% et 2% de fumee de silice ont ete produits, muris selon differentes methodes et soumis a des essais acceleres selon les deux procedures normalisees ainsi qu'un essai de sorptivite. Les differentes methodes de murissement sont choisies de facon a mettre en evidence aussi bien l'influence des parametres des essais que celle de la methode de murissement elle-meme. La durabilite en laboratoire des betons testes a ete comparee avec celle de betons similaires apres 4 et 6 annees de service. La microstructure des betons en service a ete analysee au moyen du microscope a balayage electronique (MEB). Les resultats montrent que la qualite du murissement influence grandement la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et de laitier surtout lorsqu'ils sont soumis ' aux essais acceleres en laboratoire. La duree du pretraitement humide est un parametre cle de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons testes en laboratoire. Le pretraitement humide correspond a la duree totale du murissement humide (100% HR) et de la periode de presaturation. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. La periode de presaturation de 7 jours de la procedure NQ 2621-900 a un effet similaire a celui d'un murissement humide de meme longueur. Un murissement humide de 28 jours apparait optimal et conduit a une estimation plus realiste de la resistance a l'ecaillage reelle des betons. Pour une meme duree de pretraitement humide, les procedures NQ 2621-900 et ASTM C672 donnent des resultats equivalents. L'utilisation d'un moule a fond drainant n'a pas d'effet sur la resistance a l'ecaillage des betons de cette etude. Bien que le murissement dans l'eau saturee de chaux offre toute l'eau requise pour favoriser le developpement des proprietes du beton et l'amelioration de sa durabilite a l'ecaillage, elle lessive cependant les ions alcalins ce qui diminue defavorablement l'alcalinite et le pH de la solution interstitielle de la pate de ciment pres de la surface exposee. L'utilisation d'un agent de murissement protege mieux les betons contenant de la cendre volante et ameliore significativement leurs resistances a l'ecaillage mais elle a tendance a reduire la durabi

Houehanou, Ernesto C.

311

Hydrography and silica budget of the Angola Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nous présentons une revue des connaissances actuelles sur les circulations des masses d'eau dans le Bassin de l'Angola, particulièrement pour la région du panache saumâtre et de l'éventail sedimentaire profond du fleuve Zaire. La limite du panache saumâtre se situe à ˜800 km de l'embouchure du fleuve, en direction sud-ouset en février et mars, en direction ouest en mae et juillet, et en direction nord-ouest en novembre. L'épaisseur des eaux du panache augmente de moins de 5 m pr `´es de l'embouchure à ˜25 m près du bord du panache. Les eaux océaniques sous et autour du panache sont formées par l'interaction des eaux allant vers l'est - le courant subsuperficiel de Lomonosov à l 0S, le contre-courant sud-équatorial à 6-13 0S - et les eaux d'origine sub-antarctique, allant vers le nord (le courant de Benguela). Les graphes salinité-nitrate sont utilisés pour distinguer ces masses d'eau. Les eaux du courant de Benguela peuvent être suivies jusqu' à 5 0S dans une langue étroite au delà du shelf. On montre la formation des divers fronts, des tourbillons et des dômes, qui apportent les sels nutritifs dans la zône euphotique, produisant une productio primaire relativement élevée, particulièrement au sud du panache. Les diatomées sont très important dans cette production primaire. Cela compte aussi dans le panache, où 40-90% de la silice dissoute amenées par le fleuve Zaire, se transforment en diatomées entre salinités de 28 et 32. Des coupes à travers du canyon du Zaire montrent un mélange vertical accru et la distribution de la salinité suggère un net mouvement des eaux de fond vers la côte. Les eaux de fond à la base de la pente continentale possèdent légérement moins d'oxygène et légérement plus de sels nutritifs, spécialement le PO 4 que les eaux du fond dans la partie centrale du Bassin de l'Angola. Environ 80% de l'augmentation en PO 4 dissoute sont probablement originaire de la désorption de phosphate, adsorbé sur la matière en suspension dans la partie côtière du canyon. Une coupe des salinités à travers la totalité des Bassins de la Guinée et de l'Angola montre une fois de plus l'influence prédominante de l'eau profonde nord-atlantique (NADW). Les eaux du fond du Bassin de l'Angola contiennent 20-30% d'eau profonde antarctique (AABW). Les deux NADW et AABW sont amenés à travers les zônes de fracture de Romanche et Chain; des eaux froides, riche en AABW, amenées à travers du Walvis Passage, ne s'étendent que jusquà 30°S. Les sédiments silicieux dans le Bassin de la Guinée et le partie NE du Bassin de l'Angola ont des concentrations interstitielles en silice dissoute de 300-400 ?mol·1 -1 et un flux diffusif montant de 3,5 ?mol·cm -2·a -1; les sédiments calcaires des parties sud et ouest de Bassin de l'Angola ont 80-110 ?mol·1 -1 et 0,21-1 ?mol·cm -2·a -1. Les flux diffusif montant ne peut pas expliquer le maximum prononcé dans l'exces en silice dissoute, trouvé à 2000 m du fond, à partir des graphes salinité-silicate. L'intrusion récente d'une masse d'eau du fond, contenant rélativement peu de silice dissoute est suggeré comme explication alternative, conformément à la distribution de 14C. Le bilan de la silice dans l'extérieur de l'éventail sédimentaire profond montre que presque la totalité des squelettes silicieux sont dissolues dans les 50 m supérieures; environ 6% arrivent au fond et seulement 2% s'enterrent. Dans la partie intérieure de l'éventail, presque la moitié de la silice biogène produit dans le panache, arrive au fond et 20% s'enterrent. Des quantités très élevées de l'aluminium dans les squelettes siliceux avancent leur préservation.

Van Bennekom, A. J.; Berger, G. W.