These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Dictionnaires du francais langue etrangere (Dictionaries for French as a Second Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the purposes served by native language dictionaries as an introduction to the review of three monolingual French dictionaries for foreigners. Devotes particular attention to the most recent, the "Dictionnaire du francais langue etrangere", published by Larousse. Stresses the characteristics that are considered desirable for this type of…

Gross, Gaston; Ibrahim, Amr

1981-01-01

2

Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais-7e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production--French as a Native Language: 7th Grade).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first and second language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out and evaluating their work. The task for seventh grade students…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

3

Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais, 10e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production: French, 10th Grade. French as a Native Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first- and second-language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for tenth grade students…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

4

Problemes en enseignement fonctionnel des langues (Problems in the Functional Teaching of Languages). Publication B-103.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles include: (1) "L'elaboration du materiel pedagogique pour des publics adultes" (The Elaboration of Teaching Materials for the Adult Public) by G. Painchaud-Leblanc, (2) "L'elaboration d'un programme d'etudes en francais langue seconde a partir des donnees recentes en didactique des langues" (The Elaboration of a Program of Study in French…

Alvarez, Gerardo, Ed.; Huot, Diane, Ed.

5

Modeles de rendement langagier: French Language Arts--7e annee. Francais langue seconde--immersion (Models of Linguistic Production--French as a Second Language/Immersion: 7th Grade).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first and second language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for seventh grade students…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

6

French as a Second Language Program of Studies: Intermediate Level. Year 4 to Year 12 = Francais langue seconde programme d'etudes: niveau Intermediaire de la 4e a la 12e annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program of studies for French as a Second Language is a legal document that specifies what Alberta (Canada) students are expected to learn in French as a second language from early childhood education through grade 12. In this volume, these expectations for learner knowledge, skills, and attitudes are expressed at the intermediate level of…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

7

L'enseignement modulaire et le laboratoire de langues: conception et experimentation d'un nouveau cours de francais oral au Centre d'anglais et de francais, Universite McGill (Modular Instruction and the Language Laboratory: Conception and Experimentation with a New Course in Oral French at the English and French Center, McGill University).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modular-type course in French was developed at the "Centre d'anglais et de francais" at McGill University (Montreal) to meet the needs of incoming students who were lacking skills in listening and oral expression. The course is composed of eight modules a semester, each module corresponding to 15 to 20 hours work on the student's part. The…

Legoux, Marie-Noelle

1980-01-01

8

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1991-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first two issues of the journal RELIEF. Each issue contains four articles. All articles deal with French second language instruction: (1) "Utiliser la presse ecrite en classe de francais-langue seconde (Using the Print Media in French Second Language Class)" (H. Canto); (2) "Une lecon de grammaire facile a concevoir,…

Haillet, P., Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

9

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains five articles, all in French, reporting research on French second language instruction. "Francophonie et francais langue seconde a l'oral: quel(s) culture(s), quelles methodes?" (Francophony and Spoken French as a Second Language: What Cultures(s), What Method(s) (D. Issa-Sayegh) discusses the content and structure of a university course…

Mahler, M., Ed.; Haillet, P., Ed.

1994-01-01

10

Les emissions de radio et de television en langue francaise pour l'enseignement du francais et pour la diffusion de la culture francaise (French Language Radio and Television Broadcasts for French Language Instruction and for the Diffusion of the French Culture).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a listing of radio and television programs that teach French language and civilization, the result of two worldwide surveys, one conducted by "Le Francais dans le Monde," the other by the French Foreign Affairs Ministry. The programs are listed alphabetically by country and accompanied by a brief description. (MES)

Thureau, Josiane; Koesten, Leo

1980-01-01

11

"Francais Langue Seconde": From Functional Categories to Functionalist Variation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four recent volumes on acquisition of French by different populations cover a range of areas, particularly the development of verbal tense/agreement and nominal gender/concord in first language (L1) acquirers, as opposed to second language (L2) learners; the generalizability of grammatical deficits (e.g. difficulty acquiring parametrized features…

Herschensohn, Julia

2006-01-01

12

French: An Accommodating Language? = Le Francais: Langue D'Accueil?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bilingual book considers recent developments in French attitudes towards language purism, borrowing, and the incursion of English. The book begins with an essay by French sociolinguist Henriette Walter, and most of the following essays are direct responses to her ideas. All chapters are provided in French and English. Chapter titles include…

Wright, Sue, Ed.

13

Le Francais Courant: Part V, French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Courant: Part 5" focus on the development of mastery of the basic numbering system and other grammatical structures. Structures include the formation of the present tense of the irregular verbs "vouloir,""pouvoir," and "venir,"…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

14

Le Francais Moderne: Part I, French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Moderne: Part 1" focus on the development of vocabulary and mastery of grammatical structures. The formation of the passe compose with "avoir," object pronouns, the present tense of regular "-ir" verbs, and the irregular verbs…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

15

Langue, Parole and Foreign Language Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distinction between langue and parole has contributed a lot to the development of the linguistics, which has not only a theoretical sense in the language research and study but also a practical meaning in the practical foreign language education. In this paper, on the basis of the distinction between langue and parole, the author makes a tentative comparison between

Qingfeng Shen; Ying Zheng

2011-01-01

16

UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N d'ordre 1153  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N� d'ordre 1153 PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE DE LA MALADIE DE CHARCOT- MARIE-TOOTH #12;UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N� d'ordre 1153 PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE DE LA MALADIE DE CHARCOT- MARIE-TOOTH

Boyer, Edmond

17

UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N d'ordre 1153  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N° d'ordre 1153 PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE DE LA MALADIE DE CHARCOT- MARIE-TOOTH #12;UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2011 N° d'ordre 1153 PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE DE LA MALADIE DE CHARCOT- MARIE-TOOTH

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Neues "Francais fondamental?" Das Europa-Projekt "Un niveau seuil." (A New "Francais fondamental?" The European Project "A Threshold Level").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project "Threshold Level," initiated by the Council of Europe in 1976, is compared with "Francais fondamental," comparing their aims and their differences. Offered as an interim statement, the article leaves open the question of whether Francais fondamental should be replaced by the the Threshold Level. (IFS/WGA)

Raasch, Albert

1978-01-01

19

LA MISE EN PLACE DU SYSTEME PHONOLOGIQUE DU FRANCAIS CHEZ LES ENFANTS LA MISE EN PLACE DU SYSTEME PHONOLOGIQUE DU FRANCAIS CHEZ LES ENFANTS  

E-print Network

LA MISE EN PLACE DU SYSTEME PHONOLOGIQUE DU FRANCAIS CHEZ LES ENFANTS LA MISE EN PLACE DU SYSTEME PHONOLOGIQUE DU FRANCAIS CHEZ LES ENFANTS ENTRE 3 ET 6 ANS: UNE ETUDE DE LA PRODUCTION Suzy Aicart-de Falco et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

Francais, langue seconde, primaire. Guide pedagogique. (French as a Second Language, Primary Level. Teacher's Guide).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher's guide for the required curriculum in French as a second language for all elementary English schools in Quebec is presented. An introductory section outlines the program structure, articulation with secondary level programs, the framework for presentation of the terminal objectives within the curriculum, and use of the objectives…

Quebec Dept. of Education, Quebec.

21

Informatique et francais langue etrangere (Information Science and French as a Foreign Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interdisciplinary experiment to develop materials for computer-assisted French instruction at the University of Grenoble is described and the process of translating objectives and strategies into exercises relying on student-machine interaction is chronicled. Three approaches were used: student response using stated rules, recognition…

Abry, Dominique; Scholl, Maryse

1984-01-01

22

Programme de Francais. Classes Secondaires de Langue Francaise (French Program. Secondary Classes in French Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grades 9-13. SUBJECT MATTER: French (for French-speaking students). ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide is in French. It is divided into five sections--spoken language, grammar, spelling, composition, and "explication de texte." Within each section a curriculum is outlined for 2-, 3-, 4-year programs at each grade…

Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.

23

Les Instituts Francais en Allemagne Federale (The Instituts Francais in the Federal Republic of Germany)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the "Service Culturel" of the French Embassy in Bonn, and the Instituts Francais, which, in 20 West German cities, offer various courses. They are also centers of information, offering various materials for loan, counseling, entertainment, etc. A list of addresses is added. (Text is in French.) (IFS/WGA)

Tresse, Christian

1975-01-01

24

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

, traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 #12;ANNEE

Di Girolami, Cristina

25

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

communication 2 1,5 1,5 10 Anglais 1,5 1,5 10 Environnement Informatique 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12;ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES progiciels 1 pour les Mathématiques 1,5 1,5 15 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site

Di Girolami, Cristina

26

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET INSTITUT FRANCAIS MARIE CURIE -PARIS VI DU PETROLE  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET INSTITUT FRANCAIS MARIE CURIE - PARIS VI DU PETROLE THESE PRESENTEE EN VUE DE COMBUSTION POUR LES MOTEURS DIESEL Antonio Pires da Cruz - Institut Francais du Petrole 1 et 4 Av. Bois Preau

Boyer, Edmond

27

http://www.cellmolbiol.com/resume_online_papers.php?Id_Article=1001&Annee=2002 GINKGO BILOBA EXTRACT (EGb 761)  

E-print Network

http://www.cellmolbiol.com/resume_online_papers.php?Id_Article=1001&Annee=2002 GINKGO BILOBA. The two isoenzymes of high ouabain affinity however, http://www.cellmolbiol.com/resume_online_papers.php?Id_Article=1001&Annee=2002 (1 of 2) [5/23/2008 12:49:21 PM] #12;http://www.cellmolbiol.com/resume_online_papers.php

Brand, Paul H.

28

Langues et histoire de la psychiatrie.  

PubMed

Les historiens datent la naissance de la psychiatrie de l'époque où les médecins renoncent à utiliser le latin comme langue scientifique internationale. A partir de la fin du XVIIIe siècle ils publient désormais leurs travaux sur la pathologie mentale dans une langue européenne moderne comme l'anglais, le français, l'allemand, l'italien ou l'espagnol. Certains de textes publiés dans une de celles-ci d'entre sont traduits plus ou moins rapidement dans une ou plusieurs autres. Mais des textes importants ne le sont pas ou très tardivement; les nouveaux concepts psychopathologiques introduits restent méconnus des médecins qui ne connaissent pas la langue originale. Ils sont oubliés et les termes qui les désignent sont remplacés dans les classifications récentes des troubles mentaux par de nouvelles dénominations sans référence à une conception théorique du trouble initialement décrit. L'histoire de la psychiatrie doit étudier l'évolution dans le temps de ces termes traditionnels depuis leur premier emploi par un auteur dans une de ces langues modernes jusqu'à leur éventuel abandon actuel pour comprendre si celui-ci est justifié. PMID:25395440

Garrabé, Jean

2014-12-01

29

Le francais a Calgary: Making a Program Relevant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New material developed for use in French classrooms in Calgary, Alberta, junior high schools is described. "Le francais a Calgary" is a series of filmstrips and tapes prepared as a supplement to the first fourteen lessons of the course "Voix et Images de France." (Author/PP)

Jaremko, B.

1974-01-01

30

Making "Wiggle Room" in French as a Second Language/Francais Langue Seconde: Reconfiguring Identity, Language, and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this two-year ethnographic study, I critically examined the problematic nature of the construct French as a Second Language (FSL), drawing specifically from the lived experiences of Canadian youth of Italian origin, participating in a teacher education course to prepare teachers of French. Using discourse analysis of interviews, observations,…

Byrd Clark, Julie

2010-01-01

31

Programme d'education de Maternelle--Francais Langue Premiere (Kindergarten Education Program--French as a First Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials in this document discuss the Alberta (Canada) public school curriculum for French native language instruction for 5-year olds in preschool, intended for implementation in September 2000. The first part outlines the rationale and organization of the curriculum model and its five guiding principles. The second part describes the seven…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

32

The Language Laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne of the University of Lausanne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a description of the materials developed for the language laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne at the University of Lausanne. The tapes are designed to deal specifically with French phonetics, grammar, and lexicon. (AM)

Guex, Andre

1974-01-01

33

Recognition of Langue des Signes Quebecoise in Eastern Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a portrait of two community-level and legal efforts in Canada to obtain official recognition of ASL and LSQ (Langue des signes quebecoise), both of which are recognized as official languages by the Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD). In order to situate this issue in the Canadian linguistic context, the authors first…

Parisot, Anne-Marie; Rinfret, Julie

2012-01-01

34

Un Exemple d'approche notionelle dans le cadre du francais fondamental (An Example of a Conceptual Approach within the Framework of "Le Francais fondamental")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inventory of grammatical and lexical units expressing the notion of place in "Le Francais fondamental," Level One. Interrelationships are discussed from the point of view of vocabulary patterns and syntax. There are numerous tables and examples of interrelated verbs, adverbs, nouns, and prepositions. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Combe-McBride, Nicole

1977-01-01

35

Chroniques italiennes web 15 (1/2009) PHILOLOGIE ET LANGUE  

E-print Network

problème du recueil Comme chacun le sait, l'oeuvre de Dante Alighieri connue sous le titre de Rime n simplement l'ensemble de plusieurs poèmes indépendants rassemblés par un éditeur critique. 1 Dante AlighieriChroniques italiennes web 15 (1/2009) PHILOLOGIE ET LANGUE DANS LES RIME DE DANTE Cette étude

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

Le "Francais Populaire" and French as a Second Language: A Comparative Study of Language Simplification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French of English speaking students of French as a second language is compared with "francais populaire" (FP) in order to determine similarities in their tendency toward simplified grammar and morphology. Simplifying characteristics that are typical of FP were obtained from French working class sources, while simplification patterns of French…

Kenemer, Virginia Lynn

37

"Le Francais Des Affaires": At the Crossroads of US/EU Trade and Language Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need to enhance United States/European Union (EU) commercial and educational cooperation. Differences between US and EU language and trade policies are explored and the importance of plurilingualism in the global economy is examined. The role of the French Language, especially "Le francais des affaires," in facilitating access to the…

Finel-Honigman, Irene

1997-01-01

38

The Lycee Francais in New York: A Showcase for the French-Speaking Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In New York they say that the architecture of the new "Lycee francais" (serving French students from kindergarten through upper secondary education) was inspired by the rationalism of Descartes. What is beyond doubt, however, is that the design and materials chosen by the American firm of architects, "Polshek Partnership Architects," which…

Michel, Florence

2004-01-01

39

La culture politique du Mouvement Quebec Francais [The Political Culture of the "French Quebec Movement"].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the "Mouvement Quebec Francais (MQF)" covers the period from March 1971 through Spring 1974. The fundamental postulate of the study is that if the political culture is internalized by individuals, it is at the same time borne by groups. The study of groups represents, therefore, a good vehicle to reveal the most significant…

Turcotte, Denis

40

Document d'accompagnement du programme d'education de maternelle: Francais langue premiere (Manual in Support of the French as a First Language Kindergarten Program).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed for use by teachers of French-as-a-first-language kindergarten programs in Alberta. It outlines the vision, elements, and goals of the program, explains the context of the francophone environment in Alberta, and provides practical tools for the implementation of the program in consideration of the specific needs of the…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

41

Francais langue seconde: Les apprenants face au discours didactique oral. (French as a Second Language: How Learners Deal with Didactic Oral Discourse).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a course in French for foreign post-graduate engineering students, recordings of a series of lectures in information science were used to highlight some of the problems involved in the comprehension of spoken scientific discourse. In order to observe whether repetitions within oral discourse were perceived as such by non-French speaking…

Cabut, Helene

42

Didactique des langues, constitution de la parole et subjectivation Pr. Patrick Anderson  

E-print Network

2013 2014 Didactique des langues, constitution de la parole et subjectivation Pr. Patrick Anderson inconsistance (de Munck, Castoriadis, Le Goff, Castel), déliquescence (Mattéi, Henry, Gauchet), société de l

Jeanjean, Louis

43

dition interactive d'noncs en langue des signes franaise ddie aux avatars signeurs  

E-print Network

�dition interactive d'énoncés en langue des signes française dédiée aux avatars signeurs Ludovic a été publié dans les actes de la Conférence TALN-RECITAL 2013 R�SUM� Les avatars signeurs en Langue des de la communauté sourde. L'un des critères d'acceptation de ces avatars est l'aspect naturel et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

UNIVERSITV PAUL-VALRY --MONTPELLIER III ARTS, LETTRES, LANGUES, SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITV� PAUL-VAL�RY -- MONTPELLIER III ARTS, LETTRES, LANGUES, SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES - M. Jean-Martin RABOT, Professeur de Sociologie à l'Institut des Sciences Sociales de l'Université do culture, leurs comportements et leurs actions sociales. L'intérêt ici est de comprendre les influences qu

Boyer, Edmond

45

UNIVERSITE PAUL VALERY -MONTPELLIER III Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

identity Occitan culture immaterial cultural heritage regional natural park local development rural ECOLE DOCTORALE LLCC ­ LANGUES, LITTERATURES, CULTURES, CIVILISATIONS DOCTORAT DE L'UNIVERSITE PAUL VALERY ­ MONTPELLIER III Discipline : Etudes Occitanes THIBAL Suzanne Développement local et Culture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

MASTERS dEgREE pRogRAMME AfricAn LAnguAge  

E-print Network

focusing on general linguistics and/or comparative linguistics. The programme in Comparative StudiesMASTER´S dEgREE pRogRAMME AfricAn LAnguAge StudieS COURSE PROFILE CURRICULUM OCCUPATIONAL FIELDS, historical and socio-linguistic characteristics. The programme also addresses the interests of students

Ullmann, G. Matthias

47

Francais de base. Programme de 9 ans, materiel didactique: 4e, 5e et 6e annees (Core French. Nine-Year Study Program, Instructional Materials: 4th, 5th and 6th Grades).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Official instructional materials for the first three years (grades 4-6) of the Manitoba Department of Education's core French language program consist of units in geography, weather and calendars, holidays, and music designed for each of the three instructional levels. The units on geography focus on Manitoba and Canada. Units on the calendar and…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Bureau of French Education.

48

Echantillons du travail ecrit des eleves tires du Test de rendement francais 9e annee, juin 1990 (Samples of Student Writing from the Grade 9 French Achievement Test, June 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Samples of student writing from the Alberta (Canada) 9th grade achievement test in writing (administered in June 1990) are presented with evaluative commentaries. They are intended to offer teachers, administrators, and students illustration of the criteria and approach used to score the exam. The exam is one part of a two-part standardized test…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Records Branch.

49

Echantillons du travail ecrit des eleves. Francais 6e annee, teste de rendement, juin 1988 (Sample of the Written Work of Students. 6th Grade French Achievement Test, June 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of student essays provides illustrations of the criteria used to grade the composition portion of the sixth-grade achievement test used in Alberta (Canada). An introductory section describes the procedures for selecting the essays used, establishing scoring norms, and scoring the tests, and offers general comments on the writing…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Records Branch.

50

INSTITUT NATIONAL DES LANGUES ET CIVILISATIONS ORIENTALES COLE DOCTORALE n265  

E-print Network

'accorder la bourse, grâce à laquelle j'ai pu réaliser cet ouvrage, ouvrage dont je fais don au gouvernement'une valeur générale 21 PREMIERE PARTIE LA STRUCTURATION DU DOMAINE DE REFERENCE: /cà:k/ 22 1.1. /cà:k/ dans DEUXIEME PARTIE LES VALEURS CONTEXTUELLES DE /cà:k/ 52 2.1. /cà:k/ dans la langue thaï mod

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

Construction faiblement supervise d'un phontiseur pour la langue Iban partir de ressources en Malais  

E-print Network

Bornéo), dans l'objectif de construire un système de reconnaissance automatique de la parole pour cette d'un système de RAP dans une nouvelle langue très peu dotée. Une première analyse des erreurs fait reconnaissance automatique de la parole (RAP) ou la synthèse de la parole (TTS). Construire un lexique phonétisé

52

LA GNTIQUE ET LA SLECTION ANIMALE DANS L'DITION EN LANGUE FRANAISE  

E-print Network

LA G�N�TIQUE ET LA S�LECTION ANIMALE DANS L'�DITION EN LANGUE FRAN�AISE IV. - DUNOD J.-J. LAUVERGNE nombreuses citations d'anciens auteurs. Quant à la sélection animale, elle est, au fil des rééditions de l. (Génétique et sélection animale) (1) A. S. D. E. P., r97i. - Statistiques et probabilités. - Dunod, Paris

Boyer, Edmond

53

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Experimental and theoretical investigation of  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Experimental, published in "20eme Congres Francais de Mecanique, Besancon : France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

From the Definitions of the Trsor de la Langue Franaise to a Semantic Database of the French Language  

E-print Network

From the Definitions of the Trésor de la Langue Française to a Semantic Database of the French of French lexical semantics that is formal and structured enough to allow for a fine-grained semantic access & Pierrel, 2003; TLFi, 2004)--hereafter TLFi--, enriching TLFi's definitions with an XML tagging that makes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

55

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse. Supplement 2001 (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature. Supplement 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document comprises 42 inserts to be included in the List of Books (4-6) for French as a Second Language (Immersion)--a selection of works of youth literature--published by Alberta Learning in 2000. Thirty-seven of the items appeal to the world of imagination and esthetics, and five items are of an informative nature. An appendix, entitled "How…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

56

L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne (The Teaching of French in the Federal Republic of Germany). L'enseignement du francais dans les classes terminales des lycees allemands (The Teaching of French in the Final Year in German Schools).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two papers describe two aspects of French foreign language instruction in West Germany. The first, "L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne" by Abel, deals with the institutional framework for French instruction in West Germany. A discussion of the instructional situation looks first at the history of French instruction since…

Abel, Fritz; Lang, Jurgen

57

Actes du colloque: Tendances actuelles de la recherche sur la langue parlee (Conference Presentations: Current Trends in Research on Oral Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student papers presented at a sociolinguistics conference include: "La variation phonologique [d'une voyelle] a Hull"; "La force illocutoire des pronoms personnels 'je' et 'tu' en tant qu'insignes des places d'ou parlent les femmes et les hommes"; "L'emploi des modes indicatif et subjonctif dans le francais parle de la ville de Quebec"; "A Study…

Auger, Julie, Ed.

58

L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

Marchand, Frank

1979-01-01

59

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Failure of elasto-plastic porous materials due to void  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Failure of elasto2011 Author manuscript, published in "20eme Congres Francais de Mecanique, Besancon : France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 2 Modeling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Representation graphique des coefficients d'anisotropie des  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Repr´esentation graphique des´etries physiques peut ^etre 1 hal-00486663,version1-26May2010 Manuscrit auteur, publié dans "19ème Congrès Francais de Mécanique, Marseille : France (2009)" #12;19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

61

Musique, Métaphores et Origine Du Langage Dans Le Traité De La Formation Méchanique Des Langues De Charles De Brosses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charles de Brosses was a well-informed music amateur who wrote articles on this subject for Diderot and d’Alembert’s Encyclopédie. In his Traité de la formation méchanique des langues published in 1765, he introduced a series of musical metaphors that so far have not been fully appreciated in terms of their epistemological value. His objective in the Traité was to explain

Lyndia Roveda

2006-01-01

62

L'Application des technologies nouvelles dans l'enseignement du Francais: Experiences et avenir (The Application of New Technologies in the Teaching of French: Experiences and the Future).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes UN MENU FRANCAIS, a teacher developed-computer program for students of French, and points out the advantages of using computers in the second language classroom, despite the poor pedagogical quality of most second language software currently available. An electronic mail correspondence between students in France and Denmark is described.…

Kornum, Lis

1989-01-01

63

Enquete sur le language de l'enfant francais (Investigation of the Language of French Children): The Spoken Language of Nine-Year-Old French Children. A Word Count Based on the CREDIF Transcriptions. Document No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transcriptions of recorded conversations of nine-year-old French children are analyzed and presented in this comparative word count. The actual count of the 55,588 word corpus is arranged alphabetically and contrasted with selected, identical words found in the Francais Fondamental word list. Proper nouns are listed separately at the end of the…

Rutherford, R. W., Ed.; Wears, M., Ed.

64

WACA 2010 Des Agents et des Hommes Lille, 25 et 26 novembre 2010 A la recherche d'indices de culture et/ou de langue dans les  

E-print Network

choix, et, en parallèle, du degré d'extraversion. Les jugements sont faits sur des micro-clés : culture, langue, extraversion, contrôle prosodique, micro-gestualité, interjections, bursts, grunts. Keywords: culture, language, extraversion, prosody, micro-gestures, interjections, bursts, grunts. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Proceedings: Pacific Northwest Council on Foreign Languages. Volume XXX, Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers of relevance to second language instruction are compiled here: (1) "Bilingual Math in a Monolingual Classroom: A Field Study," by Elizabeth M. Baricevic; (2) "Ideologie et pedagogie: reflexions sur le manuel de francais au programme de '3e annee secondaire' en Algerie," by Jeanne Adam; (3) "Pedagogic Grammar and Applied…

Mazur, Gertrud S., Ed.

66

Une nouvelle canadienne dans l'enseignement de l'anglais langue étrangère en Allemagne : « Borders » ou le sentiment d'appartenance dans une société multiculturelle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depuis quelques années, l'apprentissage interculturel joue un rôle central dans l'enseignement de l'anglais langue étrangère. Au lieu de divulguer uniquement des informations factuelles relatives à un pays étranger, l'apprentissage interculturel vise à comprendre une culture, un monde qui diffère du sien. Une façon d'appréhender une culture étrangère peut se faire en lisant sa littérature car les textes littéraires n'offrent pas

Albert Rau

67

L'Islam dans les cours de "langue et culture d'origine" : le procs par Franoise Lorcerie, CNRS (IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence)  

E-print Network

1 L'Islam dans les cours de "langue et culture d'origine" : le procès par Françoise Lorcerie, CNRS, l'article tente de décrire du point de vue de la place qu'ils font à l'islam les cadres normatifs et superposition limiterait à peu de choses la présentation de l'Islam dans les cours de LCO, même si l

Boyer, Edmond

68

Violence dans la langue : le cran d'arrt vu par Roland Barthes1 Il ne sortait pas de cette ide sombre, que la vraie  

E-print Network

1 Violence dans la langue : le cran d'arrêt vu par Roland Barthes1 « Il ne sortait pas de cette idée sombre, que la vraie violence, c'est celle du cela-va-de-soi : ce qui est évident est violent consigne l'hyper-puissance, il s'y tailla la part du lion : « j'emprunte la violence du discours courant au

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

L'Échelle de dramatisation face à la douleur PCS-CF Adaptation canadienne en langue française de l'échelle « Pain Catastrophizing Scale »  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cette étude examine les qualités métrologiques de l'Échelle de dramatisation face à la douleur PCS-CF, une adaptation pour la population canadienne de langue française du questionnaire « Pain Catastrophizing Scale » de Sullivan, Bishop et Pivik (1995). Cent vingt étudiants de premier cycle universitaire (83 femmes et 37 hommes) ont complété l'Échelle PCS-CF ainsi que des questionnaires d'anxiété et de

Douglas J. French; Marc Noël; François Vigneau; Julie A. French; Chantal P; R. Thomas Evans

2005-01-01

70

hal-01011618,version1-17Jul2014 Manuscrit auteur, publi dans "Traitement Automatique des Langues (2009) pp59-87"  

E-print Network

hal-01011618,version1-17Jul2014 Manuscrit auteur, publi� dans "Traitement Automatique des Langues (2009) pp59-87" #12;hal-01011618,version1-17Jul2014 #12;hal-01011618,version1-17Jul2014 #12;hal-01011618,version1-17Jul2014 #12;hal-01011618,version1-17Jul2014 #12;hal-01011618,version1-17Jul2014 #12;hal

Boyer, Edmond

71

Page 304 Courses: Education: Reading and Language (EDRL) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog edrL 527A CLiniCAL FieLd experienCe in reAding And LAnguAge  

E-print Network

: admission to the Reading/Language or Early Childhood Education M.A. program. edrL 521A LAnguAge dePage 304 Courses: Education: Reading and Language (EDRL) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog clinic activities. Specialist Credential candidates play a major role in clinical conferences

Ravikumar, B.

72

Francais langue seconde: trousse d'evaluation--tests modeles pour le niveau debutant 1, niveau debutant 2, niveau debutant 3 des ecoles elementaires (French as a Second Language: Evaluation Resource Package--Model Tests for Beginning Level 1, Beginning Level 2, Beginning Level 3 in Elementary Schools).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French as a Second Language model tests for beginning levels 1, 2, and 3 were designed to evaluate students' language performance, as outlined in the program of studies for Alberta, Canada, in listening and reading comprehension and oral and written production, communication skills, culture, language and general language knowledge. The tests…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

73

EPA/IFP (Environmental Protection Agency/Institute Francais Du Petrole) European workshop on the emission of nitrous oxide from fossil-fuel combustion: Rueil-Malmaison, France, June 1-2, 1988  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the proceedings of an EPA/Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) cosponsored workshop addressing direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from fossil-fuel combustion. The third in a series, it was held at the IFP in Rueil-Malmaison, France, on June 1-2, 1988. Increasing atmospheric N2O concentrations have been linked to depletion of stratospheric ozone (O3) and to global-climate warming. The combustion of fossil fuels has been identified as a potential major anthropogenic source of N2O. The workshop had two goals: (1) to exchange information among various international research and industrial groups that are involved in N2O chemistry, modeling, and measurement; and (2) to develop a network for coordinating future related efforts.

Ryan, J.V.; Srivastava, R.K.

1989-10-01

74

Courses: Education: Single Subject (EDSS) Page 309Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog edSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe  

E-print Network

school setting under the guidance of a resident teacher and a University su- pervisor. Assignment in middle, junior high, and senior high schools. Emphasis on teaching/learning situations applicable to allSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe And SeCondAry SCHooL (4) Principles, methods

Ravikumar, B.

75

1975 Textbooks for French Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four 1975 textbooks for French civilization courses are cited including price, suggested level, format and a listing of contents. A review of one text follows: Rey and Santoni, "Quand les Francais parlent: Langue en contexte, culture en contraste," Newbury House Publishers. The reviewer states that this book is basically a sociological study of…

Brown, Jack Davis

76

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second bulletin in a series dealing with international issues in language instruction in the military. Articles include: (1) "L'Enseignement des langues (etrangeres) dans les Forces Armees Belges," (2) "La Morphologic de la Conjugaison ecrite simple en francais contemporain: evantail des cas et rendement des categories," (3) "Data…

Waters, J., Ed.

77

Apprenez la Science en Francais?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explain why integrating the teaching of science and French is not as ridiculous as it may at first sound. They describe how this innovative integrated approach works in a primary school in Oxfordshire. The project involves Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). CLIL is a method whereby a curriculum subject is planned and…

Edmonds, Juliet; Jacobs, Pippa

2011-01-01

78

L'interdisciplinarite en sciences sociales pour l'etude du contact des langues (Interdisciplinarity in Social Sciences of the Study of the Relationships of Languages). Proceedings of a Colloquium of the International Center for Research on Bilingualism and the Institute for Interethnic and Intercultural Studies and Research (2nd, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, October 1-5, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers given at an international conference applying the social sciences to the study of the relationships of languages include the following: "Reseaux sociaux et comportements langagiers en milieu de contact des langues" ("Social Networks and Language Behaviors in a Language Contact Setting") by M. Blanc and J. Hamers, with commentary by R.…

Prujiner, Alain, Ed.

79

ENSIMAG 2EME ANNEE MODELISATION GEOMETRIQUE  

E-print Network

imaging, computer graphics and virtual reality, scientific computing or geographical information systems interpolation, elementary notions of algebra. Examination : a written examination and a practical exercise

Hahmann, Stefanie

80

Annee: 2000 Preparee au LAAS-CNRS  

E-print Network

`a l'UNICAMP au Br´esil, pour avoir ´et´e les rap- porteurs de ce travail et d'avoir particip´e au,version1-16Feb2007 #12;MOTIVATIONS ET OBJECTIFS 1 Motivations et Objectifs Robuste d´esigne ce qui est

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

81

d'ordre : 2354 Annee 2006 presentee  

E-print Network

solide en frottement sec. Une approche analytique bas´ee sur les conditions de fretting entre solides between solids. Based on fretting conditions bet- ween elastic bodies associated with a dynamic normal excitation, an analytical study permits to highlight excitations parameters and model the electroactive

Boyer, Edmond

82

Page 312 Courses: Education: Single Subject (EDSS) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog edSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe And SeCondAry  

E-print Network

) A supervised teaching experience in a multicultural middle, junior high, or senior high school setting under, and the curriculum and their relationship to teaching practice in middle, junior high, and senior high schoolsSS 446 LAnguAge LiterACy ACroSS tHe CurriCuLuM: MiddLe And SeCondAry SCHooL (4) Principles, methods

Ravikumar, B.

83

Les Dix Intonations de base du francais.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 10 intonation curves, representative of speech patterns in French, entails spectrographic analysis of the variations of fundamental frequency, intensity, and duration. Discriminatory auditory tests are based on semantic oppositions caused by single intonation contrasts. The seven distinctive classes called "intonemes" are: (1) minor…

Delattre, Pierre

1966-01-01

84

Un dossier de langue (Language Notes)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special section on audiovisual aids ("Sono-France") features illustrations from the film strip "Voix et Images" to show the proper vocabulary, gestures, syntax, and intonation employed during a visit to the grocery. (DS)

Capelle, Guy; Capelle, Janine

1970-01-01

85

Universite Paris Dauphine DUMI2E 2e annee  

E-print Network

2. Soit (Oi)iI une famille d'ouverts et soit x iI Oi quelconque. Alors il existe i I tel que x Oi. Comme cet Oi est ouvert, il existe un r > 0 et une norme sur Rn tels que la boule de centre x et rayon r pour cette norme soit contenue dans Oi. En particulier elle est contenue dans iI Oi, ce qui assure que

Bolley, François

86

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2010/2011 Licence de Mathematiques  

E-print Network

lisses et d´efinissent donc des nappes param´etr´ees f et g. 2) D´eterminer f et g, les expressions des courbures des nappes f et g dans les coordonn´ees (U, f) et (U, g). 1 #12;5) Montrer (sans calculs mais en

Mounoud, Pierre

87

ANNEE 2013 TH `ESE / UNIVERSIT E DE RENNES 1  

E-print Network

-23Aug2013 #12;The Universe is making music all the time. Tom Waits tel-00853737,version1-23Aug2013 #12-Catherine et Ga¨el Richard pour leurs rap- ports de th`ese d'une grande qualit´e. Merci `a tous mes coll

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

88

UNIVERSITE de SAVOIE Annee 2008-2009 Master 1 Mathematiques  

E-print Network

No. 3 : topolgies faibles I). Exercices de topologie g´en´erale a) Soit (X, T ) un espace topologique, +[: a IR}. Montrer que Ts est une topologie sur IR. Est-elle s´epar´ee ? Peut-on trouver une distance d sur IR telle que la topologie engendr´ee par d soit Ts ? Soit A = {1, 3} [4, +[. Calculer l

Bucur, Dorin

89

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

Informatique 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 SEMESTRE 4 Monnaie 3 3 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12

Di Girolami, Cristina

90

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

Information et communication 2 1,5 1,5 25 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 commun aux parcours (CND) 3 3 9 6,5 12 Optimisation 1 3 3 12 15 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le

Di Girolami, Cristina

91

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

, traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 Parcours Biologie des physiochimiques d'étude des molécules 8 6 16 Génie génétique 4 x 3 4 x 3 10 5,5 12 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L

Di Girolami, Cristina

92

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

, traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 SEMESTRE 4 8,5 Géologie de surface 19,5 8 Pétrologie exogène 4 x 3 4 x 3 13,5 14 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L

Di Girolami, Cristina

93

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

, traitement de texte et tableur (C2I) 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site Temps 4 x 3 4 x 3 16 11,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www 27,5 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 24 #12

Di Girolami, Cristina

94

ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2009/2010 FACULTE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES  

E-print Network

Informatique 1 1 20 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 #12 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www.univ-lemans.fr) 2 2 SEMESTRE 4 Numériques Matricielles 3 3 UNITE D'ENSEIGNEMENT LIBRE (U.E.L.)* UEL (au choix sur le site www

Di Girolami, Cristina

95

Ann'ee 2001 UNIVERSITE PARIS 7 DENIS DIDEROT  

E-print Network

'erard Bonneaud, j'ai eu la chance d'â??etre accueilli `a SLAC par David Leith et Blair Ratcliff, o`u j'ai pass'e 20 mois passionnants. Qu'ils en soient tous deux vivement remerci'es, ainsi que Jerry Va'vra et Jochen

96

112 -2010 Annee 2010 UNIVERSITE CLAUDE BERNARD LYON 1  

E-print Network

-00841373,version1-4Jul2013 #12;Table des matières Introduction 1 1 Etat de l'art 5 IFI grétion de terrin F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F U IFIFI trutures de données F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F U IFIFP elgorithmes de génértion de terrins F F F F F F F F F F F F F

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

97

SELECTED HYDRODYNAMICS PROBLEMS Final Exam Annee 2008-09  

E-print Network

Recall = er r + e r + e r sin Exercise 2. 2.) "Flying fish" can attain a velocity of about 15 m per to the one-third power of its characteristic length. 2c.) In the air, are the fish "flying" (meaning sec as they leave the water, and can move through the air over distances of about 10 m. Adult flying

Balbus, Steven

98

RIAMI : GGTM et Laboratoires francais Rapport d'activites  

E-print Network

RIAMI : GGTM et Laboratoires fran¸cais Rapport d'activit´es par Aziz El Kacimi Coordinateur du GGTM Maghreb) a ´et´e fond´e `a l'initiative de quelques g´eom`etres et topologues Maghr´ebins et Fran¸cais le

El Kacimi, Aziz

99

Portfolio langagier en francais (Language Portfolios in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that first-year college students learning French should create a language portfolio that contains documents that illustrate what they have learned in French, along with a brief statement of what linguistic skill the document demonstrates. The goal of the portfolio is to make students more aware of their own learning, their strengths, and…

Laplante, Bernard; Christiansen, Helen

2001-01-01

100

Chat Bots in theChat Bots in the InternetInternet  

E-print Network

a doubt. JUDGE: Francais. .... PROGRAM: Hello, my name is George and I am the human. JUDGE: Hi George't you say? ROGRAM: Yes do you speak it? JUDGE: Francais. PROGRAM: Francais? JUDGE: Francais. PROGRAM: O

Sansonnet, Jean-Paul

101

Universite Paul Verlaine-Metz, annee 2009/2010-Jean-Pierre Croisille, Dong Ye 1 Universite Paul Verlaine-Metz -UFR MIM Annee 2009/2010  

E-print Network

Universit´e Paul Verlaine-Metz, ann´ee 2009/2010- Jean-Pierre Croisille, Dong Ye 1 Universit´e Paul Verlaine-Metz - UFR MIM Ann´ee 2009/2010 Master de Math´ematiques, ann´ee M2 Introduction aux ´equations fonction D(R), telle que (x) = (x) - (x) R (t)dt (4) #12;Universit´e Paul Verlaine-Metz, ann´ee 2009

Croisille, Jean-Pierre

102

Universite Paul Verlaine-Metz, annee 2010/2011-Jean-Pierre Croisille 1 Universite Paul Verlaine-Metz -UFR MIM Annee 2010/2011  

E-print Network

Universit´e Paul Verlaine-Metz, ann´ee 2010/2011- Jean-Pierre Croisille 1 Universit´e Paul Verlaine-Metz3 4 xu + O(h4 ). (9) #12;Universit´e Paul Verlaine-Metz, ann´ee 2010/2011- Jean-Pierre Croisille 2

Croisille, Jean-Pierre

103

Programme des examens-Diplome de 12e annee. Mathematiques & Sciences. Annee scolaire 1986-87 (Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Mathematics & Sciences. Academic Year 1986-87).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information about the diploma examinations in Mathematics 30, Biology 30, Chemistry 30, and Physics 30 that will be administered during January, June, and August, 1987, is provided in this bulletin. Topics explained include: (1) general format of the examination (stating the content, emphasis, and time allotments for the examinations); (2)…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Data Processing Branch.

104

ETUDE SUR L'ENSEIGNEMENT ORAL DES LANGUES ET  

E-print Network

languages and cultures in primary schools in urban areas through the subject « national culture ». The site to this milieu ? Is the subject "National Culture" adapted to the oral teaching of national languages ? If yes, what is the method of teaching "national culture " ? The oral teaching of national languages

Boyer, Edmond

105

Quelle langue enseigner? (Which Language Do We Teach?).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A speech by the president of Senegal on the need for instruction in Parisian French in his country is used as the point of departure for a discussion of such standardization. The proposal for standardization is found idealistic, and the utility of the language taught is judged more important. (MSE)

Pons-Ridler, Suzanne

1982-01-01

106

L'argumentation dans la langue (Argumentation in Language)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions the current distinction between semantics and pragmatics, and develops a theory of "argumentative scales" (Ducrot 1973), as well as a semantic model with three components and a revision of the notion of "illocutionary." (Text is in French.) (CDSH/AM)

Anscombre, J. C.; Ducrot, O.

1976-01-01

107

Institut Galilee L2 info S1 Annee 20082009 Administration de Parc Informatique  

E-print Network

Utilisation du Live DVD 1 D´emarrage du Live DVD Un Live DVD est un DVD auto-amor¸cable de Linux. On peut d´emarrer l'ordinateur `a l'aide de ce DVD. Le syst`eme d'exploitation se charge alors en RAM et on peut l une cl´e USB ou t´el´echarg´e sur un autre ordinateur. Pour pouvoir utiliser le Live DVD depuis un

Messiant, Cédric

108

FACULTE MIXTE DE MEDECINE ET DE PHARMACIE DE ROUEN ANNEE 2004-2005 N  

E-print Network

. LECHEVALLIER DOYENS HONORAIRES: Professeurs J. BORDE -L. COLONNA -Ph. LAURET -H. PIGUET PROFESSEURS HONORAIRES. CHANEL -R. COLIN -L.COLONNA -E. COMOY ­ J. DALION - P. DESHAYES -C. FESSARD -J.P FILLASTRE -P .FRIGOT - J. GARNIER ­ J. HEMET -C. HELLOUIN DE MENIBUS - B. HILLEMAND -G. HUMBERT -P. JOUANNEAU J.M. JOUANY - J

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

109

UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS ANNEE 2007 UFR SCIENCES N d'ordre: 837  

E-print Network

'UNE ESPECE INVASIVE: LE CAS DU VISON D'AMERIQUE (MUSTELA VISON SCHREBER, 1777) EN BRETAGNE THESE DE DOCTORAT ............................................................................................... 1 1.2. L'invasion du Vison d'Amérique en France................................................................. 20 2. DISTRIBUTION, VARIATIONS MORPHOLOGIQUES ET DEMOGRAPHIE DE LA POPULATION DE VISON D'AMERIQUE EN

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

110

Travaux Diriges Syst`eme no Cours d'Informatique de Deuxi`eme Annee  

E-print Network

) ; qui affiche sur la sortie standard l'´el´ement correspondant. Vous ne devez PAS les ´ecrire pour le liste. Si cet ´el´ement est trouv´e la fonction le renvoie sinon elle retourne NULL. 3. void liste'uti- lisez pas simplement le test d'´egalite == mais plut^ot la fonction compare elements. Exercice 4

David, Julien

111

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL UNIVERSITE D'AUVERGNE D.U. 2044 ANNEE 2010  

E-print Network

L gs volumetric soil water content critical minimum leaf water potential (MPa) given critical minimum leaf water potential (MPa) leaf water potential (MPa) predawn leaf water potential (MPa) minimum leaf water potential (MPa) midday leaf water potential (MPa) soil water potential (MPa) xylem water potential

Boyer, Edmond

112

Proposition de stages en master de mathematiques Annee 2009/2010  

E-print Network

Laboratoire Math´ematiques et Applications de Metz, UMR 7122, Universit´e de Paul Verlaine-Metz croisil@poncelet.univ-metz´ematiques, Univ. Paul Verlaine-Metz) Ce sujet (TER M1 ou magist`ere) a pour th`eme g´en´eral la d´ecomposition en´ematiques Univ. Paul Verlaine-Metz) Dans ce travail, on propose d'´etudier une ´equation MEMS (Micro Electro

Croisille, Jean-Pierre

113

Travaux Diriges de Programmation Imperative no Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Annee  

E-print Network

pour ´ecrire la suite du programme. 1 v o i t u r e t c r e e r v o i t u r e d e c a p o t a b l e (){ 2 r o u e t avant = c r e e r r o u e ( c r e e r c e r c l e ( c r e e r p o i n t ( 2 , 2 ) , 0 . 6 ) , 3 c r e e r c e r c l e ( c r e e r p o i n t ( 3 , 2 ) , 1 ) ) ; 4 r o u e t a r r i e r e

David, Julien

114

Universite de Provence, 2006/2007 M30 TOPOLOGIE 2 -LST 3e annee Math Info  

E-print Network

Universit´e de Provence, 2006/2007 M30 TOPOLOGIE 2 - LST 3e ann´ee Math Info Partiel, 17.11.2006 I. Questions de cours: 1. La topologie d'un espace m´etrique. D´efinition. Montrer qu'il s'agit bien d'une topologie. 2. Soit (X, T ) un espace topologique et R un relation d'´equivalence sur X. (a) Introduire l

Teleman, Andrei

115

Cours de Topologie. Master 1. Annee 2010/2011. Richard Zekri.  

E-print Network

Cours de Topologie. Master 1. Ann´ee 2010/2011. Richard Zekri. 9 septembre 2010 #12;2 #12;Table des´en´eralis´ees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2 Produits d'espaces topologiques 11 2.1 Topologie produit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Propri´et´es de la topologie produit

Lafont, Yves

116

Universite d'Aix-Marseille Annee 2008-2009 mardi 4 novembre 2008  

E-print Network

Applications" Partiel de Topologie Question de cours : Soient X et Y deux espaces topologiques ayant le m espace vectoriel (sur R) norm´e, avec norme . On consid`ere sur X la topologie pour laquelle les boules suivants : X = {a, b, c} et Y = {d, e, f}. On consid`ere sur X la topologie X = {, {a}, {a, b}, X} et sur Y

Paoluzzi, Luisa

117

Universite Claude Bernard Lyon I Licence troisi`eme annee : topologie  

E-print Network

Universit´e Claude Bernard Lyon I Licence troisi`eme ann´ee : topologie Mardi 14 octobre 2008 Partiel de topologie Dur´ee : 2H00. Aucun document n'est autoris´e Questions de cours 3pts 1. Soit (X, d) un espace m´etrique. Donner la d´efinition d'un ouvert de X pour la topologie m´etrique. (1pt) 2

Bahloul , Rouchdi

118

Curriculum Summary: Grade Eight, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 8e annee, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 8 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover health and life skills, physical education,…

2003

119

Curriculum Summary: Grade Nine, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 9e annee, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 9 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover health and life skills, physical education,…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

120

Lecture a contre-fil de la captivite, litterature marocaine feminine des annees 1990  

E-print Network

’analyse théorique de ce roman. D’autres théories nous ont intéressé également dans notre parcours de lecture, comme les théories de l’espace de Deleuze-Guattari, et particulièrement le concept de déterritorialisation selon lequel le territoire est « un ensemble... exotique française qui la représente comme un corps sans esprit. Nos lectures d’autres sociologues et linguistes, tels que El Khayat Rita, Fatima Sadiqi et d’autres, nous ont menée vers une première question : Pourquoi est- que la critique...

Alaoui, Malika

2010-05-31

121

CGR de Calais d'ordre ULCO 2007.04 Annee 2007  

E-print Network

CGR de Calais No d'ordre ULCO 2007.04 ­ Ann´ee 2007 Syst`emes de fusion pour la segmentation hors^atiment B ­ B.P. 699 ­ 62228 CALAIS Cedex, FRANCE #12;#12;Un homme est heureux tant qu'il décide de l et amicales. Je pense tout naturelle- ment à Serge Reboul sans qui ce travail n'existerait pas. Son

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

Travaux Pratiques de Programmation Imperative no Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Annee  

E-print Network

Travaux Pratiques de Programmation Imp´erative no 2 Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Ann´el´echargez, compilez puis ex´ecutez le fichier coer.c. Expliquez ce que fait le programme `a l'aide de sch. ­ Essayez de compiler le programme `a l'aide de la commande make. ­ Utiliser les erreurs donn´ees par le

David, Julien

123

Travaux Pratiques de Programmation Imperative no Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Annee  

E-print Network

Travaux Pratiques de Programmation Imp´erative no 2 Cours d'informatique de Premi`ere Ann TD. ­ ´Ecrire un programme qui cr´ee : ­ L'ensemble X des entiers multiples de 3 inf´erieurs `a 100 le contenu de l'ensemble Z. ­ Utilisez le programme valgrind afin de v´erifier que toute la m

David, Julien

124

Departement d'informatique et de recherche operationnelle Annee 20132014 Hiver 2014  

E-print Network

D´epartement d'informatique et de recherche op´erationnelle Ann´ee 2013­2014 Hiver 2014 Professeur: Patrice MARCOTTE Plan de cours IFT 6504 PROGRAMMATION MATH´EMATIQUE Objectifs du cours. Ce cours vise `a approfondir certaines notions de programmation math´ematique concernant l'optimisation lin´eaire, non lin

Marcotte, Patrice

125

Departement d'informatique et de recherche operationnelle Annee 20102011 Automne 2010  

E-print Network

D´epartement d'informatique et de recherche op´erationnelle Ann´ee 2010­2011 Automne 2010'heures Introduction 1 Mod´elisation 3 Programmation lin´eaire 8 Programmation lin´eaire en nombres entiers 3 Analyse de r´eseaux 6 Programmation dynamique 3 Mod`eles stochastiques 6 Mod`eles d'inventaire 3 M´ethodes de

Potvin, Jean-Yves

126

ECOLE DES HAUTES ETUDES EN SCIENCES SOCIALES ANNEE 2008 pour l'obtention du grade de  

E-print Network

Casati (CNRS) RAPPORTEURS M. le professeur des universités Daniel Andler (Paris IV). M. le professeur des universités Pierre Livet (Université d'Aix-Marseille). JURY M. le professeur des universités Daniel Andler-intentionnelle utilisée par Levinson pour décrire le concept d'oeuvre d'art. 3. Nous proposons un modèle de l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

Chemistry 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Chimie 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, in both French and English versions, is the Chemistry 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 44 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

128

Mathematics 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 40 multiple-choice and 9 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 3 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

129

Biology 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Biologie 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, in both English and French versions, is the Biology 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 48 multiple-choice and 8 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

130

Mathematics 33: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 33: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 33 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 4 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

131

Preparation `a l'Agregation de Mathematiques Annee 2008-2009  

E-print Network

'absurde (ou en utilisant le th´eor`eme des disques de Gerschg¨orin). 3.2. Pour montrer (ii), calculer les | + - 1| gr^ace au th´eor`eme de Gerschg¨orin, puis majorer ||. En d´eduire le (iii). 3.2. Matrices sym

Berthelin, Florent

132

Preparation `a l'Agregation de Mathematiques Annee 2006-2007  

E-print Network

'absurde (ou en utilisant le th´eor`eme des disques de Gerschg¨orin). 3.2. Pour montrer (ii), calculer les | + - 1| gr^ace au th´eor`eme de Gerschg¨orin, puis majorer ||. En d´eduire le (iii). 3.2. Matrices sym

Berthelin, Florent

133

IUP GCI 3`eme annee option GCA 99/2000 EXAMEN DE BETON ARME  

E-print Network

fissuration est suppos´ee non pr´ejudiciable `a la tenue de l'ouvrage dans le temps, - enrobage des armatures´echissants, tracer l'´epure de r´epartition des armatures longitudinales. 6/ Calculer les valeurs maximales de l'effort tranchant. En d´eduire le ferraillage transversal correspondant. Effectuer la r´epartition des armatures d

Gagliardini, Olivier

134

RAPPORT DE STAGE M1 ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN-CONTINENT ANNEE 2008-2009  

E-print Network

..................................................................................................................9 1.1. La « re-analyse » ORCA2-SAM2 .............................................................................................................................22 ANNEXE 1 : Grille ORCA

Ribes, Aurélien

135

Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1 d'ordre: 098 -2009 Annee 2009  

E-print Network

years in France certainly qualify for such a description. They were a transition both in scientific terms and social. The richness of the MATHLOGAPS and MODNET scientific circles offered great Kieken and Cécile Mercadier who patiently went through my French writings, correcting my mistakes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

136

IUP GCI 3`eme annee -Ouvrages et Structures 2001/02 EXAMEN DE BETON ARME  

E-print Network

prises en compte pour d´eterminer le ferraillage de la poutre. Partie II : Dimensionnement d'un poteau et de sa fondation 8 points Un poteau de RdC, de longueur l0 = 3.20 m et de section carr´ee, reprend en t^ete de poteau une charge centr´ee estim´ee `a Nu = 647 kN. Du fait de ses liaisons avec l

Gagliardini, Olivier

137

IUP GCI 3`eme annee -Ouvrages et Structures 2000/01 EXAMEN DE BETON ARME  

E-print Network

charges (permanente et d'exploitation) sur le poteau B3. Les charges apport´ees par les ´etages sup´erieurs sur le poteau B3 sont ´evalu´ees `a G = 230 kN et Q = 180 kN. Les trois parties suivantes sont ind du poteau B3 4 points Calculer et dessiner le ferraillage du poteau B3. Partie III : Ferraillage de

Gagliardini, Olivier

138

IUP GCI 3`eme annee -Ouvrages et Structures 2002/03 EXAMEN DE BETON ARME  

E-print Network

´erieurs sur le poteau B3 sont ´evalu´ees `a G = 210 kN et Q = 170 kN. On adoptera les valeurs et donn´es `a des encastrements partiels. Partie II : Ferraillage du poteau B3 6 points Calculer et dessiner le ferraillage du poteau B3. Partie III : Coffrage et ferraillage de la fondation B3 7 points Calculer le

Gagliardini, Olivier

139

IUP GCI 1`ere annee 2004/05 PARTIEL Eurocode 1  

E-print Network

charges dans le poteau P1 (15pts) 2.1 Effectuer la liste des charges `a prendre en compte, donner les le poteau P1 pour ces deux types de charges en distinguant les deux directions des poutres. 2 poteau P1. On effectuera ce calcul pour les trois cat´egories de charges : permanentes, d'exploitation et

Gagliardini, Olivier

140

This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Copyedited and fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.  

E-print Network

(christophe.adrie@outcomerea.org) Adrien Francais (adrien.francais@gmail.com) Antonio Alvarez-term mortality of severe sepsis Christophe Adrie1,2 , Adrien Francais3 , Antonio Alvarez-Gonzalez1 , Roman

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

141

UNIVERSITE JEAN MONNET SAINT ETIENNE  

E-print Network

#12;RENATA KEKESI JEAN MONNET UNIVERSITY 7 INTRODUCTION (FRANCAIS.............................................................................................................................. 15 I. CHAPITRE: MATERIAUX MAGNETO-OPTIQUES (RESUME FRANCAIS) ............... 19 I. CHAPTER: MAGNETO ............................................................................................... 46 II. CHAPITRE: ARRANGEMENT PERIODIQUE (RESUME FRANCAIS).......................... 49 II. CHAPTER

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

10`eme Congr`es Francais d'Acoustique Lyon, 12-16 Avril 2010  

E-print Network

-infinite half space (Rayleigh wave), in a porous plate on a rigid surface (Lamb-like waves) or in a porous plate waves on a layered poroelastic cylinder is studied. Rayleigh waves were largely studied in elas- tic]. Contrary to the Rayleigh wave in semi-infinite half space, the latter one is dispersive in circular shape

Boyer, Edmond

143

Mots frequents homophones en francais : analyse acoustique et classification automatique par fouille de donnees  

E-print Network

Mots fr´equents homophones en fran¸cais : analyse acoustique et classification automatique par prosodiques. Ces mots sont parmi les plus fr´equents du fran¸cais et souvent mal reconnus lors de la trans

144

Comparaison des proprietes acoustiques de la parole lue, preparee et conversationnelle en francais  

E-print Network

Comparaison des propri´et´es acoustiques de la parole lue, pr´epar´ee et conversationnelle en fran¸cais nous focaliserons sur les styles de parole en Fran¸cais, tout d'abord en reproduisant certaines exp Nakamura sur le Japonais sont rappel´es dans la section 4. Les donn´ees utilis´ees pour l'analyse du Fran¸cais

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

eme Congres Francais de Mecanique Troyes, --septembre 2005 Rupture des tiges en flexion  

E-print Network

17 â?? eme Congrâ??es Francâ?ºais de Mâ??ecanique Troyes, -- septembre 2005 Rupture des tiges en flexionâ??es Francâ?ºais de Mâ??ecanique Troyes, -- septembre 2005 la libâ??eration soudaine d'une tige â?? a une extr

Neukirch, Sébastien

146

Analyse comparative de corpus oraux et ecrits francais: mots, lemmes et classes morpho-syntaxiques  

E-print Network

Analyse comparative de corpus oraux et ´ecrits fran¸cais: mots, lemmes et classes morpho´e pour le fran¸cais, o`u un grand nombre de formes fl´e- chies sont possibles pour les noms, les couverture lexicale est plus faible en fran¸cais qu'en anglais, notamment `a cause de va

147

Technoscientific French Teaching Guide = Guide pour l'enseignement du Francais technoscientifique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course guide aids university professors in doing research to develop a course in scientific and technical French. The course is intended to aid students in developing communicative skills in French in the context of science and technology. The course introduces students to the culture of France as well as to its industrial and technological…

Muller, Brigitte D.

148

French Space Program. Report to Cospar Programme Spatial Francais. Rapport au Cospar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report is presented on French space activities over the period mid-1975 to mid-1976. These activities cover the following main fields: extrasolar system astronomy, solar physics, solar system, lunar rocks, ionospheric and magnetospheric physics, aeronom...

1976-01-01

149

Les Grandes Familles du francais fondamental (The Major Families of Basic French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a system of classifying and forming words in French based on several major word "families" grouped according to their grammatical bases and the types of derivations emerging from them as an effective approach to vocabulary development. (MSE)

Pons-Ridler, Suzanne; McKim, Fred

1985-01-01

150

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

151

"Une Certaine idee du francais": The Dilemma for French Language Policy in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global French-speaking community recognizes the need to better coordinate its efforts to assert the vitality of French in a world increasingly dominated by English. In pursuing this goal, the Francophone world has developed an identity crisis. Defenders of French face difficult questions about the relationship between language and culture and…

Shelly, Sharon L.

1999-01-01

152

Des citoyens francais a quatre pattes (Four-footed French Citizens).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class activity is described involving a panel discussion of the role of dogs in French culture and related issues of public administration such as animal protection laws. Panel members' roles (public officials, veterinarians, etc.), audience roles (dog owner, father of a bitten child, etc.), and followup activities are outlined. (MSE)

Champ-Renaud, Dominique

1983-01-01

153

BASIC BUSINESS ENGLISH 2nd SIVRIDOU FOTINI 978-960-390-065-8 Interbooks 2009  

E-print Network

francais Sanchez-Macagno M.- O., Corado L. Hachette en parrainage avec la Chambre de Commerce et d' Industrie de Paris 1997 1 �, . � � 2012 1 Travailler en francais en entreprise - methode de francais sur, C. Tegos, Athenes 2007 1 �, . � � 2012 1 Le francais du monde du travail Cloose E. Presses

Chatziantoniou, Damianos

154

Universite Paris 7 -Master 1 Informatique -Intelligence Artificielle Partiel du 9 novembre 2005 -Solutions  

E-print Network

(3,2,1,1) 1,-1 1 1,1,-1 -1,-1 -1 1,-1 -1,-1 1 · Min gagne. Exercice 4 P(francais) = P(anglais) = 1/2 P(jeune/francais) = P(grande/francais) = P(bas/francais) = 2/3 P(vieux/francais) = P(petite/francais) = P(haut/francais) = 1/3 P(jeune/anglais) = P(grande/anglais) = P(bas/anglais) = 1/3 P

Giulio, Manzonetto

155

LA STRATEGIE NATIONALE DE LA ROUMANIE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE A L'HORIZON DES ANNEES 2030  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Strategy for Sustainable Development at the 2030 horizon is the result of Romanian assumed obligation, as EU member, in conformity with the established objectives at the EU level. The strategy proposes a vision of Romanian development in the perspective of the following two decades. At the 2013 horizon is proposed the organic incorporation of the principles and the

Elena Gurgu

2009-01-01

156

Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Mathematics 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Mathematiques 30. Juin 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This twelfth grade diploma examination is written in both French and English. The test consists of 52 multiple-choice items and three written response questions. Two and one-half hours are provided for taking the test; approved calculators may be used. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: geometry; trigonometry;…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

157

UNIVERSITE DE PROVENCE M30 TOPOLOGIE 2 -LST 3e annee Math Info Espaces metriques, espaces topologiques, applications continues.  

E-print Network

UNIVERSIT´E DE PROVENCE M30 TOPOLOGIE 2 - LST 3e ann´ee Math Info 2005-2006 TD n0 3 Espaces m. Montrer que les topologies suivantes sur X1 � X2 co¨incident: (a) Td, Td , Td , (b) la topologie produit) vide de parties de X est, par d´efinition, X. 1. Montrer que TA est une topologie sur X. 2. Montrer que

Teleman, Andrei

158

UNIVERSITE DE PROVENCE M30 TOPOLOGIE 2 -LST 3e annee Math Info Espaces metriques, espaces topologiques, applications continues.  

E-print Network

UNIVERSIT´E DE PROVENCE M30 TOPOLOGIE 2 - LST 3e ann´ee Math Info 2006-2007 TD n0 3 Espaces m. Montrer que les topologies suivantes sur X1 � X2 co¨incident: (a) Td, Td , Td , (b) la topologie produit) vide de parties de X est, par d´efinition, X. 1. Montrer que TA est une topologie sur X. 2. Montrer que

Teleman, Andrei

159

UNIVERSITE DE PROVENCE 2006-2007 M30 TOPOLOGIE 2, Licence 3-me annee Examen janvier 2007  

E-print Network

UNIVERSIT´E DE PROVENCE 2006-2007 M30 TOPOLOGIE 2, Licence 3-me ann´ee Examen janvier 2007 I'´ecrivent comme r´eunion (finie ou infinie) d'intervalles ouverts. (a) Montrer que T est une topologie sur M. Cette topologie s'appelle le topologie associ´ee `a la relation d'ordre . (b) Montrer que tout

Teleman, Andrei

160

UNIVERSITE DE METZ Ann'ee Universitaire 1999/2000 D'epartement de Math'ematiques  

E-print Network

topologie usuelle. Que peut-on dire d'un espace topologiqu* *e (X, O) tel que toute application f : X -! R* *cation f : X ! R , R muni de la topologie usuelle, est squentiellement continue, c..d* *. satis- fait X : Ec d'enombrable }[ {;* *}. (1) Montrer que T est une topologie non s'epar'ee telle que l

Mortini, Raymond

161

Math. & Sci. hum. / Mathematical Social Sciences (43e annee, n 174, 2006, p. 552) HENRI AUGUSTE DELANNOY, UNE BIOGRAPHIE  

E-print Network

DELANNOY, UNE BIOGRAPHIE Sylviane R. SCHWER1 , Jean-Michel AUTEBERT2 r´esum´e ­ Les travaux du math´ematicien Delannoy (1833-1915), qui ´etaient tomb´es dans l'oubli, ont suscit´e r´ecemment un vif int´er^et, en´ematique donn´ee en h´eritage par Delannoy `a la biblioth`eque municipale de Gu´eret et ce qu'il en est advenu

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

162

UFR de Math'ematiques et Informatique Universit'e Bordeaux I Ann'ee 2001--2002  

E-print Network

'egalement un corps, puis que K 0 est isomorphe ` a K (on explicitera l'isomorphisme). 3) a) Rappeler bri la premi`ere question, montrer le plus bri`evement possible (mais rigoureuse­ ment) que Q d est un

Cohen, Henri

163

UFR de Math'ematiques et Informatique Universit'e Bordeaux I Ann'ee 1999--2000  

E-print Network

= S \\Gammak . En utilisant le mâ??eme raisonnement qu'en 3b) (qu'on ne reproduira que tr`es bri'unit'e habituelle, satisfaisant j 2 +j+1 = 0. On pose A = Z[j] = fa + bj 2 C = a; b 2 Zg : a) Expliquer bri

Cohen, Henri

164

d'ordre :2012REN1E002 ANNEE 2012 TH`ESE / UNIVERSITE DE RENNES 1  

E-print Network

through- put and power consumption. However, the finite wordlength of the fixed-point representation) is a transmission technique characterized by a high peak-to- average power ratio (PAPR). As a consequence, choosing, the case of linear- time invariant systems is adressed. The Karhunen-Loe`ve Expansion (KLE) is used

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

165

Universite Paris Diderot MI3/MA3 Annee 2009/10 Departement de Sciences Exactes L2 Info et Mass  

E-print Network

Marisol Zambrano 60 3191 Geografia 2 2 MI 3-4 A-201 E. MULLER MA 8-9 A-8 E. MULLER 3102-05 Biologia / BM 2-0-4(3) 513221.2.311.143329 Geofísica elec 0 MI 3-4-5 LF-101 Victor Villagran O. LU 8-9 LF-104 Victor Villagran O

Hindry, Marc - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

166

d'ordre : ??? Annee 2004 au Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Syst`emes du  

E-print Network

in large environments, without any prior knowledge on the environment, and using stere- ovision. A full are the point features detected in the image, their 3D coordinate being computed by stereovision. A full SLAM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

"Telematique et Didactique des Langues (Telematics and Language Learning and Teaching).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how e-mail correspondence should be supported and integrated into the overall second language learning program. Reviews a telematics international e-mail exchange project, focusing on the documentation of integration of the project into the overall language program. Findings reveal that the strength of this work is in showing how its…

Ganderton, Roger

1997-01-01

168

UNIVERSIT PAUL VALRY -MONTPELLIER III Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

SIGMUND FREUD................................................ 25 1. Freud ............................................................................... 32 4. Le commentaire de Freud........................................................................................ 49 6. De Freud à Lacan : ponctuations cliniques et théoriques................................ 51 6

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

Boîte à outils TAL pour des langues peu informatisées : le cas du somali  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of corpora is a critical phase of systems of natural language processing based on statistical methods. This point is crucial for less equipped and less computerized languages like African languages. This paper aims to present different tools for Somali language and different scenarios to build corpora for this language : A gathered corpora from the web, Syntex, a

Abdillahi Nimaan; Pascal Nocera; Juan-Manuel Torres-Moreno

2006-01-01

170

savoir jouer avec les mots > Vous tes passionn des langues et de l'criture?  

E-print Network

juridique et administrative, scientifique et technique, commerciale et économique, médicale et pharma, services aux entreprises, industrie pharma- ceutique, télécommunications, services finan- ciers

Parrott, Lael

171

Langues-U: A digital campus to increase students' autonomy?1  

E-print Network

psychology students of our university, who need to be able to read specialized articles in English by the end to fill in a questionnaire whose aim was to evaluate the way they perceived the scheme. After a short the results of the questionnaire as well as the students' work preferences. These elements seem to indicate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

La validation experimentale de tests de langue (Experimental Validity of Language Tests).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses predictive and conceptual validity, reports on two experiments on each type of test validity with relation to language tests, and indicates some problems posed by these two forms of evaluation. (AM)

Nienhuis, L. J. A.; van Weeren, J.

1979-01-01

173

UNIVERSIT PAUL-VALRY MONTPELLIER 3 COLE DOCTORALE 58 : LANGUES, LITTRATURES, CULTURES,  

E-print Network

motivation et les pratiques langagières futures des apprenants. En complément de cette enquête principale : « Sociolinguistic representations of Irish and its learning : survey in secondary schools in Galway (Republic and its learning among secondary school students in Galway, in the Republic of Ireland. The role given

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

Dictionnaires linguistiques et traductifs (classer la seconde langue (autre que franais) si traductif) AG5 = ANGLAIS  

E-print Network

(General works, treatises and advanced textbooks) BF150 = CORPS ET ESPRIT (Mind and body) BF173 = AFFECTS. SENTIMENTS. EMOTIONS (Affection. Feeling. Emotion) (GENERAL) BF 575 EMOTIONS SPECIFIQUES (Special. SEPARATION (Grief. Bereavement. Separation) BF575.S75 = STRESS (Stress) BF588 = EXPRESSION DES EMOTIONS

Nesterov, Yurii

175

UNIVERSITE MONTPELLIER III PAUL VALERY Arts et Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines et Sociales  

E-print Network

. le Professeur Henry BAKIS Membres du Jury : M. le Professeur Henry BAKIS ­ Université de Montpellier la direction de M. le Professeur Henry BAKIS Membres du Jury : M. le Professeur Henry BAKIS Houari et Patrick pour leurs compétences techniques, à Christian, Isabelle et Carine pour leur relecture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

Langues et problemes d'education en Haiti (Languages and Educational Problems in Haiti).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the procedure and objectives of studies on adult instruction in Creole and the use of Creole in the primary grades. The complexity of the sociolinguistic situation, the extent of illiteracy, the state of the educational system, and implications of change in attitudes to both Creole and French are discussed. (AMH)

Bentolila, Alain; Gani, Leon

1981-01-01

177

LA SCIENCE ET L'ENSEIGNEMENT DES LANGUES VIVANTES (RESEARCH AND THE TEACHING OF MODERN LANGUAGES).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES INHERENT IN CURRENT METHODS OF MODERN LANGUAGE TEACHING ARE DISCUSSED AT LENGTH, WITH EMPHASIS ON THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PEDAGOGY DERIVED FROM THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF LANGUAGE. THE IMPACT OF PHILOGICAL AND LINGUISTIC STUDIES OF "EXOTIC LANGUAGES" ON TRADITIONAL GRAMMATICAL CONCEPTS AND TERMINOLOGY IS HIGHLIGHTED IN THE…

MALECOT, ANDRE

178

L'apprentissage précoce des langues : Des pratiques sociologiquement et politiquement marquées  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout the world there is a great diversity of curricula for introducing early foreign language training more or less intensively. These curricula correspond to different pedagogical approaches. But these pedagogical choices are not neutral. They are the result of political choice. They are also sociologically discriminatory. The author studies and contrasts various forms of language training of certain countries and within the same countries (for example, the correlation between bilingual training and private schools, or the choice of bilingual education as a political goal). She proposes a scale for classifying the kinds of early foreign language training, depending on sociological criteria and political choice.

Groux, Dominique

2007-01-01

179

La Reception des Textes Televisuels en Langue Etrangere (Reception of Foreign Language Television Texts).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines the approach of textlinguistics to the study of TV messages' comprehension, starting from the basic criterion that comprehension depends on the global semantic structure of the message and on the situational context of the communicants. On this basis the potential of television as a tool for language instruction is discussed. (MES)

Dethloff, Uwe

1980-01-01

180

Techniques de Theatre Integrees a l'Enseignement du Francais 1989 = Theatre Techniques Integrated into the Teaching of French, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents a methodology for teaching language and literature through role-playing in the classroom and demonstrates to teachers the link that exists between effective communication and the techniques used to achieve it. The new French program views language as an instrument of communication, a concept that implies that…

Parent, Roger

181

Etude Comparative de ?image de la Psychologie Chez Les Etudiants en Psychologie, Belges, Espagnols, Francais, Mexicains et Quebecois  

Microsoft Academic Search

1373 psychology students from Barcelona (Spain), Liège (Belgium), Lille (France), Mexico city (Mexico) and Montréal (Canada) responded to a questionnaire dealing with their image of the discipline at various points in their university career. The students were asked to designate the authors they felt to be the most important as well as their preferences in regard to various areas and

Esteve Freixa i Baqué; Ramón Bayes; Serge Bredart; Luc Granger; Julio Varela

1982-01-01

182

Dictionnaire contextuel anglais-francais de l'energie solaire (Contextual English-French Dictionary on Solar Energy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-French dictionary on solar energy is intended for translators and purports to contain all the elements necessary for doing quality translations. Each entry contains the following elements: (1) the basic English word with its synonyms and equivalents; (2) the definition in English and reference to its source; and (3) sentences or…

Serre, Robert

183

14`eme Congr`es Francais de Visualisation d'Images en Mecanique des Fluides Lille, 21 -25 novembre 2011  

E-print Network

14`eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de Visualisation d'Images en M´ecanique des Fluides Lille, 21 - 25 vecteur vitesse estim´e son incertitude. Copyright c 2011 FLUVISU Page 1 #12;14`eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

184

Un point sur les outils du LPL pour l'analyse syntaxique du francais Stephane Rauzy, Philippe Blache  

E-print Network

Un point sur les outils du LPL pour l'analyse syntaxique du franc¸ais St´ephane Rauzy, Philippe et Langage pour l'analyse syntaxique du franc¸ais. Ces outils sont bas´es sur des approches est compos´ee d'un segmen- teur par r`egles et d'un lexique couvrant du franc¸ais qui alimentent l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

Sur les traces de l'heritage francais en Nouvelle-Angleterre: Boston (Tracing French Heritage in New England: Boston).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet highlights some of the more important elements of the French heritage in the Boston area, particularly during the Revolutionary period and the time of the establishment of many institutions of American life in New England. It is intended for secondary school students in a bilingual education setting who have at least an "intermediate…

Quintal, Claire

186

SPIXIANA 24 3 249-256 Miinchen, 01. November 2001 ISSN 0341-8391 A new species of Paroedura Giinther from northern Madagascar  

E-print Network

. is described from Montagne des Francais, a decid- uous dry forest on a karstic underground in the far north of Paroedura, P.stumpffi and P. karstophila, are recorded from Montagne des Francais for the first time. Frank

187

Exponential sums with coe cients 0 or 1 and concentrated Lp  

E-print Network

of whether the Lp concentration phenomenon fails to occur when p = 1: titre francais: Sommes d'exponentielles a coe cients 0 ou 1 et concentration de normes Lp resume francais: Une somme d'exponentielles de la

Ash, J. Marshall

188

Short Curriculum Vitae Robert Scheichl  

E-print Network

, University of Bath, UK. · Jan 2001 ­ Jan 2002: Marie-Curie Fellowship, Institut Francais du Petrole, Paris, Nuffield Foundation, Royal Society, Smith Institute and Institut Francais du Petrole (2002-11) to a total

Scheichl, Robert

189

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-print Network

Institut Francais du Petrole 1-4 Ave. Bois-Preau B.P. 311 92506 Rueil Malmaison Cedex France Elliott Taylor (Federal Republic of Germany) Institut Francais de Recherche pour 1'Exploitation de la Mer (France) Ocean

190

"Quaderni di Ricerca in Didattica", n15, 2005. G.R.I.M. (Department of Mathematics, University of Palermo, Italy)  

E-print Network

), GFEN (Groupe Francais d'éducation nouvelle), etc.). Also many psychologists stated importance of games (R. Steiner), GFEN (Groupe Francais d'éducation nouvelle), atd.) Tiez viacerí psychológovia

Spagnolo, Filippo

191

Short Curriculum Vitae Robert Scheichl  

E-print Network

, University of Bath, UK. · Jan 2001 ­ Jan 2002: Marie-Curie Fellowship, Institut Francais du Petrole, France British Council, Nuffield Foundation, Royal Society, Smith Institute and Institut Francais du Petrole

Burton, Geoffrey R.

192

Short Curriculum Vitae Robert Scheichl  

E-print Network

, University of Bath, UK. · Jan 2001 ­ Jan 2002: Marie-Curie Fellowship, Institut Francais du Petrole, Paris Council, Nuffield Foundation, Royal Society, Smith Institute and Institut Francais du Petrole (2002

193

1 -Partenaires 3 -Moyens demands en 2012  

E-print Network

: MATHEMATIQUES APPLIQUEES ET APPLICATIONS DES MATHEMATIQUES Voyages et séjours chercheur francais Nombre total de et séjours chercheur francais Nombre total de personnes 3 Nombre total de voyages 2 Durée total des

Saut, Olivier

194

Manuels scolaires ............ 2 Ecriture / Lecture .......... 11  

E-print Network

;2 NOUVEAUTES MEDIATHEQUE IUFM AVRIL 2013 MANUEL : FRANCAIS Collectif Bescherelle école [Texte imprimé'été 2013 (offre réservée aux enseignants). #12;3 NOUVEAUTES MEDIATHEQUE IUFM AVRIL 2013 MANUEL : FRANCAIS

Sart, Remi

195

Council on Student Services 1999 -2000  

E-print Network

Be it resolved that the Student Computer in the Career Centre project be approved. 15. L'ASSOCIATION FRANCAIS FRENCH SOCIAL NIGHT - $40.00 ­ Motion Carried Be it resolved that the L'Association Francais French

Boonstra, Rudy

196

LA REVUE DE L'EPI N 88 RESTEZ EN LIGNE ! RESTEZ EN LIGNE !  

E-print Network

L'EPI envoyant un message à listserv@h-net.msu.edu, avec, dans le corps du message, subscribe h-francais la liste H-Francais, qui succède à la liste Clio. Les archives de Clio restent sur GéoNet. Celles de H-Francais sont hébergées à http://h-net.msu.edu/~francais. b - Histoire Les sites de qualité se

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

197

BASIC BUSINESS ENGLISH 2nd SIVRIDOU FOTINI 978-960-390-065-8 Interbooks 2009  

E-print Network

� � 2011 93-6155 - : 0 1 Le francais a grande vitesse- Parlons affaires, Ed. Hachette Truscott S., Mitchell M., Tauzin B. � � 93-6160 - : 0 1 Le francais a grande vitesse- Objectif entreprise, Ed. Hachette Bruchet J. � � 93-6166 V - 0 1 Faire des affaires en francais, Ed. Hachette en parrainage

Chatziantoniou, Damianos

198

.. : 16/05/2011 / ISBN  

E-print Network

. BASIC BUSINESS ENGLISH F. SIVRIDOU 9789603900658 INTERBOOKS 2009 8331 1921 LE FRANCAIS A GRANDE 1922 LE FRANCAIS A GRANDE VITESSE-PARLONS AFFAIRES S.TRUSCOTT, M. MITCHELL, B.TAUZIN 1932 FRANCAIS A GRANDE VITESSE-OBJECTIF ENTREPRISE J.BRUCHET 1933 MARKTCHANCE WIRTSCHAFTSDEUTSCH

Chatziantoniou, Damianos

199

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 PRELIMINARY REPORT  

E-print Network

at Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, CA 95064 Alain Mascle Institut Francais du Petrole 1-4 Ave Bois-Preau B.P. 311 (Federal Republic of Germany) Institut Francais de Recherche pour I1 Exploitation de la Mer (France) Ocean Cruz, CA) Mascle, Alain, Co-Chief Scientist (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison Cedex

200

BASIC BUSINESS ENGLISH 2nd EDITION SIVRIDOU FOTINI 978-960-390-065-8 Interbooks 2009  

E-print Network

- : 0 1 Le francais a grande vitesse- Parlons affaires, Ed. Hachette Truscott S., Mitchell M., Tauzin B. 6160 - : 0 1 Le francais a grande vitesse- Objectif entreprise, Ed. Hachette Bruchet J.E.I.: : : .. : 26/05/2010 6166 V - 0 1 Faire des affaires en francais, Ed. Hachette en parrainage avec la

Chatziantoniou, Damianos

201

Comment prsenter une demande afin d'obtenir un nouveau visa de rsident temporaire ? (demandeurs se trouvant au Canada)  

E-print Network

5257: www.cic.gc.ca/francais/pdf/trousses/form/IMM5257F.PDF Lisez attentivement les instructions demande et les documents nécessaires : www.cic.gc.ca/francais/visiter/ctdp-o-demande.asp#etape5 Traitement le site www.cic.gc.ca ou www.cic.gc.ca/francais/visiter/ctdp-o-demande.asp #12;

Parrott, Lael

202

Les points chauds du Paci que Seul l' el ephant est irr efutable  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.1.2 R esum e francais de How many Paci c hotspots are fed by a mantle plume publication soumise #12;a Tectono- physics. Apr#12;es un r esum e etendu en francais, ce chapitre reproduit francais de How many Paci c hotspots are fed by a mantle plume? " Quand Morgan 1972 proposa la th eorie des

Clouard, Valerie

203

A.E.I.: .............................. .. : 13-06-2012  

E-print Network

8331 1921 LE FRANCAIS A GRANDE VITESSE-PARLONS AFFAIRES S.TRUSCOTT, M. MITCHELL, B.TAUZIN 1931 1998 31054 1922 LE FRANCAIS A GRANDE VITESSE-PARLONS AFFAIRES S.TRUSCOTT, M. MITCHELL, B 1923 LE FRANCAIS A GRANDE VITESSE-OBJECTIF ENTREPRISE J.BRUCHET 1933 MARKTCHANCE

Chatziantoniou, Damianos

204

FIMFA 2`eme annee Premier semestre, 2013-2014 Cours de Laure Saint-Raymond Analyse des equations aux derivees partielles  

E-print Network

faibles 1) En dimension infinie, la topologie faible est toujours strictement plus faible que la topologie la topologie faible. Exhiber un espace vectoriel (non trivial) contenu dans V0 et en rapport avec la question a). Par d´efinition de la topologie faible, il existe > 0 et une famille finie (fi)1ip E telle

Texier, Benjamin - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

205

Activities of the Institute for Research in Molecular Biology Institut de Recherche en Biologie Moleculaire: Rapport d'Activite, Annees 1980-1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work in the fields of microbiology, molecular genetics, cellular and molecular differentiation, cellular genetics and immunology, and in developmental biochemistry is reported. Complemented and current projects are described and results are presented.

1981-01-01

206

La modelisation mathematique dans l'enseignement de la chimie des gaz a des eleves de la cinquieme annee du secondaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les problemes d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz parfaits sont donc importants. Si plusieurs etudes ont ete realisees dans le but d'identifier et d'interpreter ces problemes, aucune recherche, a notre connaissance, n'a ete realisee sur l'enseignement des lois sur les gaz parfaits. Notre recherche sur l'enseignement est donc pionniere. Elle a pour objectif general de construire et d'analyser une sequence d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz comportant diverses situations de modelisation mathematique des conduites des gaz. Les principaux objectifs specifiques sont les suivants: (1) identifier et caracteriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des conceptions naives des eleves, evolution vers des connaissances plus adequate sur les gaz; (2) identifier et caractEriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des connaissances mathematiques des eleves leur permettant d'interpreter convenablement les resultats des experiences, d'eprouver leurs conceptions, de donner un sens aux notions et aux relations impliquees dans les lois des gaz parfaits, lois de Boyle-Mariotte et Gay-Lussac. Une sequence d'enseignement comportant huit situations est d'eleves de secondaire V. La construction de ces situations est orientee par les recherches sur les conceptions naives des eleves, par les etudes sur l'evolution historique des conceptions sur les gaz et des pratiques scientifiques, ainsi que par les etudes theoriques et empiriques realisees en didactique des sciences et des mathematiques. La methodologie de l'ingenierie didactique (Artigue, 1998) qui constitue une application de la theorie des situations didactiques (Brousseau, 1986) est utilisee dans la construction et l'analyse des situations d'enseignement. Une analyse a priori de chacune des situations d'enseignement est effectuee; elle a pour but dexpliquer les choix des taches qui font partie des situations et de preciser la gestion didactique des situations. Diverses situations d'enseignement de la chimie ont ainsi ete construites. L'analyse a posteriori des situations, analyse des interactions didactiques lors du deroulement en classe de ces situations, est confrontee a l'analyse a priori realisee lors de la construction de ces situations. La pertinence de ces situations est ainsi examinee, en regard des objectifs de la recherche. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Gauthier, Diane

207

Contribution de la Psychologie a l'Enseignement des Langues Etrangeres et a l'Introduction de la Television en Classe de Langue (Contribution of Psychology to Foreign Language Instruction and to the Introduction of Television in the Language Class).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the psychological factors relevant to the acquisition of a second language and the behavior theories that have had the most dramatic impact on teaching methodology. Advocates a broader use of television in language instruction as a means of clarifying meanings through a visual context tailored to certain pedagogical requirements. (MES)

Engelkamp, Johannes

1980-01-01

208

Memorisation et transfert dans l'apprentissage des langues etrangeres (Memorization and Transfer in the Learning of Foreign Languages)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Account of an experiment reported in "Bulletin de Psychologie." The results indicate a correlation between practice using a wide variety of semantic elements and better retention and use of correct syntax. This experiment indicates the importance of insuring growth in inductive capacity of learners. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Bastin, Georges

1977-01-01

209

Une perspective pedagogique meconnue du laboratoire de langues: Sa fonction docimatique (An Undervalued Language Laboratory Resource: Its Proficiency Testing Function).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting from the premise that the assessment of second language learners' competence is a must at several points during the learning process, discusses the usefulness of laboratory testing. Argues that it allows for standardized testing, facility of test administration, easy scoring, objective measures, reliability and validity of results. (MES)

Plastre, Guy

1981-01-01

210

Indices de langue et de culture dans les micro-vnements audibles et visibles de l'interaction face face  

E-print Network

le degré de confiance accordé à cette décision ; (b) d'estimer le degré d'extraversion perçu. Les. Par contre, le degré d'extraversion perçu n'a pas donné de résultat significatif, ce qui pouvait être

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

211

Des convenances du discours litteraire a la classe de langue (From Literary Conventions to the Language Class).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that literary discourse plays only a marginal role in French foreign language instruction. Suggests why the literary text is closely related to the process of learning a foreign language, which is work on and with the language. Discusses specific didactic processes that are internal and external to the work. (AMH)

Besse, Henri

1982-01-01

212

Metonymie dans la presse ecrite: entre discours et langue (Metonymies in the Press: Between Discourse and Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes certain metonymies that are often employed in the daily French press. In such metonymies, a human being or a set of individuals are referred to by means of the name of an institutional location (i.e., a capital city, a ministry in a western country, the name of a country). These metonymic patterns do not seem to be used by…

Lecolle, Michelle

2001-01-01

213

Traduction et langues de specialite: Approches theoriques et considerations pedagogiques (Translation and Specialty Languages: Theoretical Approaches and Pedagogic Considerations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on the teaching of translation and on specialized translation, all in French, include: "Perspectives d'optimisation de la formation du traducteur: quelques reflexions" ("Perspectives on Optimization of Training of Translation Teachers: Some Reflections") (Egan Valentine); "L'enseignement de la revision pedagogique" ("The Teaching of…

Guevel, Zelie, Ed.; Valentine, Egan, Ed.

214

Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Marseille, 2014 Traduction automatise d'une oeuvre littraire: une tude pilote  

E-print Network

Richard Powers, encore non disponible en français, est traduit automatiquement puis post-édité et révisé answer to this question. A short story by American writer Richard Powers, still not available in French traducteur français de R. Powers, sollicité à cette occasion, sont présentées à la fin de cet article

215

Contact de langues et fonction poetique du changement linguistique (Language Contact and the Poetic Function of Linguistic Change).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following Roman Jakobson, this article attempts to outline the affinity between linguistic change induced by language contact and conflict, and the poetic function of language. This phenomenon can be observed by studying the discourses of trilingual speakers in the Aosta Valley in Northern Italy. The problematic position of French is reflected and…

Jablonka, Frank

2001-01-01

216

Dlivr par UNIVERSIT PAUL-VALRY MONTPELLIER III Prpare au sein de l'cole doctorale LANGUES,  

E-print Network

understand the role and importance of medicinal plants, also known as "the simple ones", in the late antiquity. Key words: Medicine - Pharmacopoeia ­ Plants ­ Simples ­ Late Antiquity ­ Herbarius - Pseudo recettes médicales associées à diverses plantes médicinales. Cet ouvrage a connu un grand succès au Moyen

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

L'apprentissage d'une langue etrangere comme ouverture culturelle (Second Language Learning as a Cultural Opportunity).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been suggested that the learning of a second language is not only a practical matter, as is commonly emphasized in discussion about language teaching, but is equally an experience of cultural initiation, particularly through the appreciation of literary texts in that language. The first part of this paper reviews educators' ideas about…

LeBrun, Monique

218

LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 59 OUTIL PROFESSIONNEL EN EAO DES LANGUES QUE FAIRE AVEC UN OUTIL PROFESSIONNEL  

E-print Network

langage de programmation standard, comme le Basic. Cette première solution demande un temps considérable sur Compatibles IBM PC. (Voir catalogues d'Oxford, de Cambridge University Press pour l'anglais et de faire ce choix. Le prix des matériels professionnels (du type compatible IBM PC) a considérablement

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

219

Redefinition du statut des langues en Union Sovietique (Redefinition of the Status of Languages in the Soviet Union).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The language-related constitutional changes made in 10 of the former Soviet republics and in the central Soviet government since 1988 are analyzed from 3 perspectives: unilingualism vs. bilingualism; the relationship between economy and language; and immigration and territoriality as concerns language. Special attention is given to language of…

Maurais, Jacques

1992-01-01

220

La mort d'une langue: le judeo-espagnol (The Death of a Language: The Spanish Spoken by Jews)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Sephardic culture which flourished in the Balkans, Ottoman Empire, and North Africa during the Middle Ages. Suggests the use of Ladino", the language of medieval Spain spoken by the expelled Jews. (DS)

Renard, Raymond

1971-01-01

221

Argumentation et explication dans les textes d'economie et de gestion. Perspectives didactiques du Francais sur Objectives Specifiques au Vietnam.  

E-print Network

??Le présent ouvrage comprend trois parties : analyses textuelles, recherches didactiques et expérimentation pédagogique. Dans la première partie, il se trouve une représentation systématique des… (more)

Truong, Hoang Le

2007-01-01

222

L'Enseignement du Francais dans les Ecoles Secondaires Americaines: Tendances Actuelles (The Teaching of French in American Secondary Schools: Current Tendencies)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of a publicity campaign organized by the American Association of Teachers of French to reawaken interest in foreign language study. French Language Week in New York City and sixteen diversified language programs and activities aimed at responding to student needs are briefly described. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Lipton, Gladys

1977-01-01

223

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Contribution `a la modelisation de la pulverisation agricole  

E-print Network

´elisation de la pulv´erisation agricole : atomisation et transport A. BELHADEFa , A. VALLETa, F. ANSELMETb a'application, les conditions climatiques, et les caract´eristiques de la pulv´erisation. Limiter les pertes de vitesse des gouttes d´ependent principalement de la buse de pulv´erisation et de la vitesse d

Boyer, Edmond

224

Le Rythme. Son enseignement et son role dans la correction phonetique du francais (The Teaching and Role of Rhythm in the Correction of French Pronunciation).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students of French learn to pronounce the syllables of the same rhythmic group with the same stress and the same intonation while lengthening slightly only the last syllable uttered. Several techniques designed to help students acquire correct French rhythm patterns are described here. They include: (1) counting aloud, (2) syllable division, (3)…

Lebel, Jean-Guy

225

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Approche probabiliste des incertitudes de mod`eles et de donnees  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Approche probabiliste des`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Ce papier ne traite pas de l'approche probabiliste

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

226

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Dynamique atypique de structures reticulees  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Dynamique atypique in " " #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 1 2 3 Figure 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

227

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Bifurcation globale de l'ecoulement de von Karman turbulent  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Bifurcation globale de l;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Nous effectuons des mesures des couples

Boyer, Edmond

228

21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Towards a non intrusive method for solving coupled  

E-print Network

21`eme Congr`es Fran�cais de M�ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Towards a non intrusive-12Jul2014 Author manuscript, published in " " #12;21`eme Congr`es Fran�cais de M�ecanique Bordeaux, 26

Boyer, Edmond

229

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Quantification et modelisation du couplage plasticite  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Quantification et mod`eres semicristallins. 1 #12;19 `eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Fig. 1 ­ (a) Sch´ema d

Boyer, Edmond

230

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Simulations numeriques de phenom`enes anisotropes  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Simulations num'INRIA. A. Bonnement remercie le Conseil R´egional PACA qui cofinance sa th`ese. 1 #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais

Pasquetti, Richard

231

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Haut-parleur tout aimant guide sur joint ferrofluide  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Haut-parleur tout, besançon : France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre

Boyer, Edmond

232

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Probl`eme stochastique inverse et representation sur les chaos pour  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Probl`eme stochastique inverse et Congrès Français de Mécanique 2005, Troyes : France (2005)" #12;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Identification et validation experimentale d'un mod`ele stochastique des  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Identification et validation exp)" #12;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 r´eponse en fr´equence (FRF) exp

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Une demarche de conception et d'optimisation de  

E-print Network

21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Une d´emarche de conception'optimisation se fait 1 hal-00842099,version1-9Jul2013 #12;21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au

Boyer, Edmond

235

16 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Nice, 1-5 septembre 2003 Vibroacoustique avec une lame de fluide en contact avec une paroi vibrante  

E-print Network

16 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Nice, 1-5 septembre 2003 Vibroacoustique avec une lame de congrès français de mécanique, Nice : France (2003)" #12;16 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Nice, 1

Boyer, Edmond

236

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Simulations numeriques de vortex `a symetrie helicoidale  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Simulations num´elico¨idaux et la dynamique de fusion de deux vortex sont pr´esent´es en §3. 1 #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M

Delbende, Ivan

237

Analyse des erreurs et grammaire generative: La syntaxe de l'interrogation en francais (Error Analysis and Generative Grammar: The Syntax of Interrogation in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A progress report is presented of a study which applies a system of generative grammar to error analysis. The objective of the study was to reconstruct the grammar of students' interlanguage, using a systematic analysis of errors. (Interlanguage refers to the linguistic competence of a student who possesses a relatively systematic body of rules,…

Py, Bernard

238

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Elements finis pour le remplissage `a haut nombre de Reynolds  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 ´El´ements finis pour le;19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 pri´et´es de la fac¸on suivante

Boyer, Edmond

239

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Couplage de deux syst`emes de la dynamique des gaz  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Couplage de deux syst`emes de la coh´erente 1 #12;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 de l'´ecoulement vu

Chalons, Christophe

240

21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Effet de surface libre dans les agregats polycristallins en  

E-print Network

21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Effet de surface libre dans ; Bordeaux (Gironde))., France (2013)" #12;21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao

Boyer, Edmond

241

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Un nouveau mod`ele pour les milieux granulaires denses en ecoulement  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Un nouveau mod`ele pour les) 1 #12;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Le premier terme traduit la

Lagrée, Pierre-Yves

242

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Generateur de conditions aux limites amont pour les simulations de type  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 G´en´erateur de conditions aux´ecomposition a ´et´e choisie car elle permet d'extraire les 1 #12;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes

243

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Une version sous-structuree de la TVRC pour le traitement de liaisons  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc�ais de M�ecanique Troyes, � septembre 2005 Une version sous-structur�ee de�canique, Troyes : France (2005)" #12;17 `eme Congr`es Franc�ais de M�ecanique Troyes, � septembre 2005 une analyse

244

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Modelisation par developpements asymptotiques  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Mod´elisation par d "CFM 2011 - 20 ème congrès français de mécanique (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M

Boyer, Edmond

245

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Traitement numerique de la singularite `a l'axe pour les  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Traitement num Congrès Français de Mécanique, Besançon : France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan

Boyer, Edmond

246

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Etude numerique par FFT et analyse morphologique 3D  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 ´Etude num Français de Mécanique, France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Transition to turbulence in globally subcritical systems  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Franc�ais de M�ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Transition to turbulence (2009)" #12;19 `eme Congr`es Franc�ais de M�ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 than for PPF, because

Boyer, Edmond

248

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Construction de representations stochastiques par la  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Construction de Congrès Français de Mécanique 2011, Besançon : France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M

Boyer, Edmond

249

16 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Nice, 1-5 septembre 2003 Simulation numerique de l'interaction choc reflechi-couche limite en fond  

E-print Network

16 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Nice, 1-5 septembre 2003 Simulation num´erique de l classiques [Daru et al. (2002)]. Par comparaison avec les sch´emas WENO 1 #12;16 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M

250

21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Rheologie des suspensions de bulles dans un fluide `a seuil  

E-print Network

21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Rh´eologie des suspensions de, publié dans "21 ème Congrès Français de Mécanique, Bordeaux : France (2013)" #12;21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais

Boyer, Edmond

251

Teaching English Language Arts to Francophone Program Students, Grades 3 to 9: Bridging the Francais and English Language Arts (ELA) Programs of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

252

21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Strain field measurements in polycrystalline tantalum  

E-print Network

21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Strain field measurements]. 1 #12;21`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 The present study uses

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Effets des conditions de glissement sur l'ecoulement de  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Effets des : France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 valeur

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Extension of Beremin model to bi-modal brittle failure  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Extension Mécanique, CFM 2011, Besançon : France (2011)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao

Boyer, Edmond

255

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Optimisation aerodynamique par mod`ele reduit POD et methode `a region  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 Optimisation a´erodynamique par;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 de Navier-Stokes est n´ecessaire pour

Bergmann, Michel

256

19`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Qu'est-ce qui determine la taille des dunes?  

E-print Network

19`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Qu'est-ce qui d´etermine la atmosph´erique), ce qui donne une deuxi`eme ´echelle de taille pour les dunes. 1 #12;19`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais

Claudin, Philippe

257

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Integration numerique d'une loi elasto-plastique  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Int´egration num´erique d de mécanique, Marseille : France (2009)" #12;19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Construction de champs admissibles pour le calcul  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran�cais de M�ecanique Besan�con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Construction de Congr`es Fran�cais de M�ecanique Besan�con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 donn�es sur la partie compl

259

16 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Nice, 1-5 septembre 2003 Contr^ole optimal par reduction de dynamique du sillage instationnaire d'un  

E-print Network

16 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Nice, 1-5 septembre 2003 Contr^ole optimal par r`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Nice, 1-5 septembre 2003 Dans cette ´etude, nous consid´erons pour probl`eme mod

Bergmann, Michel

260

Problemes d'analyse du discours. Essai de description du discours francais sur la Chine (Problems in Discourse Analysis. An Attempt to Describe French Discourse on China).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following topics are developed: (1) the problematic aspect of the analysis of French discourse, an introduction to methods, theories and applications; (2) the proposals of M. Pecheux; (3) precisions to render operative definitions derived in the proposals; (4) the Macciocchi manner of speaking; and (5) the Peyrefitte manner of speaking. (AMH)

Marindin, Jean-Marie

1979-01-01

261

E-COSM Rencontres Scientifiques de l'IFP 2-4 Octobre 2006, Proceedings, pp. 111-119 Copyright c 2006, Institut Francais du Petrole  

E-print Network

intake pressure and intake air flow are closely controlled using EGR valve and Variable Geometry is proposed for the airpath control of tur- bocharged Diesel engines using exhaust gas recirculation (EGR in recent years. It requires the use of high Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) rates. The key idea

262

Quelques aspects de la negation: Comparaison de l'anglais et du francais (Some Aspects of Negation: Comparison of English and French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The differential usage of negative forms in French and English is analyzed. French-speakers tend to use negatives often, as in negative questions and impersonal phrases. Study of translations also shows that many words with a positive equivalent in French are translated by a negative word or phrase. (five references) (Author/MSE)

Pons-Ridler, Suzanne; Quillard, Genevieve

1991-01-01

263

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Contr^ole en boucle ouverte d'un ecoulement compressible  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Franc�ais de M�ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Contr^ole en boucle ouverte d la perspective d'un contr^ole r�ealiste des instationnarit�es des �ecoulements d'arri`ere-corps. Les global responsable de l'apparition des instationnarit�es. Nous consid�erons plusieurs m�ethodes de contr^ole

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Instabilites et rupture d'un rideau liquide par amplifications  

E-print Network

instabilities, free-surface flows 1 Introduction La stabilit´e et la dynamique d'une nappe liquide verticale obstacle ´etant introduit dans la nappe. L'un des points encore non r´esolus, est de pr´edire un crit] ont d´emontr´e qu'il existe deux types d'ondes de surface dans une nappe liquide : les ondes sinueuses

Brunet, Philippe

265

Metrology and Time  

E-print Network

The algorithm Pi/sinx reveals an elliptic excess which acts as the real component (Space) inducing the imaginary component (Time). Key words : metrology, chronogenesis, tropic year, anomalistic year. ----- L 'algorithme Pi/sinx revele un excedent elliptique constituant la composante active d ' espace dont la composante reactive exprime la chronogenese tropique aussi bien qu ' anomalistique.. Mots-cles : metrologie, chronogenese, annee tropique, annee anomalistique

Boris Rybak

2000-05-03

266

EN UN COUP D'OEIL 2007/2008 Nouvelles et mises jour  

E-print Network

EN UN COUP D'OEIL 2007/2008 #12;Nouvelles et mises à jour: Page d'accueil McGill http://francais.mcgill.ca Salle de presse McGill http://francais.mcgill.ca/newsroom McGill Reporter www.mcgill.ca/reporter McGill News www.mcgill.ca/news en tête http://francais.mcgill.ca/headway Pour consulter la version

Barthelat, Francois

267

STUDENT SERVICES Promoting & Supporting Student  

E-print Network

Gill et aux récents diplômés à la recherche d'un emploi d'été ou d'un emploi permanent. francais bien-être spirituel de tous les étudiants. francais.mcgill.ca/chaplaincy Counselling Service autochtones. francais.mcgill.ca/fph First­Year Office Service aux étudiants de première année Suite 2100 · 514

Shoubridge, Eric

268

Rgion Inde et Asie Centrale et de l'Ouest Michel Waldschmidt  

E-print Network

: Inde, IIT Mumbai du 2 au 6 janvier - voir mon rapport de mission (en français) http://www.cimpa-icpam.org/Francais/Prog2008/Inde08.html Iran, IPM Teheran du 15 au 25 juin - voir mon rapport de mission (en français) http://www.cimpa-icpam.org/Francais européennes Le site http://www.cimpa-icpam.org/Francais/Cooperations/Iran.html contient les informations sur

Waldschmidt, Michel

269

Neural network versus activity-specific prediction equations for energy expenditure estimation in children.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to compare the energy expenditure (EE) estimations of activity-specific prediction equations (ASPE) and of an artificial neural network (ANNEE) based on accelerometry with measured EE. Forty-three children (age: 9.8 ± 2.4 yr) performed eight different activities. They were equipped with one tri-axial accelerometer that collected data in 1-s epochs and a portable gas analyzer. The ASPE and the ANNEE were trained to estimate the EE by including accelerometry, age, gender, and weight of the participants. To provide the activity-specific information, a decision tree was trained to recognize the type of activity through accelerometer data. The ASPE were applied to the activity-type-specific data recognized by the tree (Tree-ASPE). The Tree-ASPE precisely estimated the EE of all activities except cycling [bias: -1.13 ± 1.33 metabolic equivalent (MET)] and walking (bias: 0.29 ± 0.64 MET; P < 0.05). The ANNEE overestimated the EE of stationary activities (bias: 0.31 ± 0.47 MET) and walking (bias: 0.61 ± 0.72 MET) and underestimated the EE of cycling (bias: -0.90 ± 1.18 MET; P < 0.05). Biases of EE in stationary activities (ANNEE: 0.31 ± 0.47 MET, Tree-ASPE: 0.08 ± 0.21 MET) and walking (ANNEE 0.61 ± 0.72 MET, Tree-ASPE: 0.29 ± 0.64 MET) were significantly smaller in the Tree-ASPE than in the ANNEE (P < 0.05). The Tree-ASPE was more precise in estimating the EE than the ANNEE. The use of activity-type-specific information for subsequent EE prediction equations might be a promising approach for future studies. PMID:23990244

Ruch, Nicole; Joss, Franziska; Jimmy, Gerda; Melzer, Katarina; Hänggi, Johanna; Mäder, Urs

2013-11-01

270

Monday Morning: A Magazine for Language Teachers in China = Lundi Matin: Revue pour professeurs de langues en Chine, 1985-1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of all six issues of the bilingual (English and French) periodical "Monday Morning" published from its inception in 1985 through 1992. This publication was developed by the Canada/China Language Training Centre (C/CLTC), a language teaching enterprise that provides French or English language training to Chinese technicians…

Monday Morning, 1992

1992-01-01

271

Formation continue et auto-formation des enseignants de langue: bilan et perspectives (In-Service Teacher Education and Independent Study of Language Teachers: Status and Perspectives).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most inservice teacher education erroneously equates pedagogy and methodology with classroom instructional "recipes" and strategies. It should, instead, help teachers adapt to specific teaching needs and gaps in training. Continuing education that allows teachers to choose their own areas of study and to pursue them individually encourages…

Calliabetsou, Penelope

272

Les linguistes et les questions de langue au Quebec: points de vue (Linguists and Language Questions in Quebec: Points of View).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers, all in French, address four issues concerning linguistics and language in Quebec: language quality and linguistic reality; linguistic politics and the future of French in Quebec; the linguist's role in modern society; and dictionaries. Each section includes an untitled, substantive introduction and several papers. Papers include: "Discours…

Deshaies, Denise, Ed.; Ouellon, Conrad, Ed.

273

Apports de l'analyse du discours a l'enseignement de la langue (Contributions of Discourse Analysis to Language Teaching).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For better comprehension and more communicative production among francophones, students of French should be taught the use and function of detached phrases as they are used in popular spoken French. A specific approach distinguishing between appropriate spoken and written usage is outlined. (20 references) (MSE)

Barnes, Betsy K.

1990-01-01

274

Maria Couroucli: Diglossie et double langage: langues et langages d'honneur en Grce, in Langage et Socit, 57, 1991 pp. 71-92.  

E-print Network

les années 1970, les lois, les textes administratifs, les journaux, les nouvelles à la radio, étaient'honneur" tels qu'ils sont décrits dans les procès verbaux des audiences du tribunal de Grande Instance de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

Langues, culture, et le cursus des etudes de commerce: Europe-Amerique du nord (Languages, Culture, and Business Education; Europe-North America).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the development of commercial French courses in American college language departments, new possibilities are opening up for cooperation in business education and language instruction between Europe and the United States. (MSE)

Crane, Robert; McKinney, Kitzie

1986-01-01

276

La Recherche en Pedagogie des Langues aux Adultes: Compte Rendu d'un Seminaire (Research in Language Teaching to Adults: Conference Report). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the seminar on research in adult language education held in Nancy, France, in June, 1977. It includes reports on the four roundtables and gives details concerning organization and membership, as well as a list of the topics that were discussed. The four roundtables addressed the issues of student needs and motivation,…

Nancy Univ., (France). Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues.

277

Les Cahiers de l'Acedle, vol. 6, n1, 2009 Recherches en didactique des langues L'Alsace au coeur du plurilinguisme  

E-print Network

be confirmed: learner motivation depends on the tutor as well as on his course design and student, basées sur une étude préalable, est confirmée : la motivation des apprenants est dépendante de l invariants in the way learners perceive the (non) mediation and the tutoring of their course. Our survey

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

Annie Montaut is Professor at Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Paris, for Hindi language and literature and general linguistics; CNRS lab SeDyL.  

E-print Network

Civilisations Orientales, Paris, for Hindi language and literature and general linguistics; CNRS lab SeDyL. The Poetics and Stylistics of Nirmal Verma: from the grammar of indefiniteness to the subversion of gender of art and, especially, literature, in particular Indian literature1 . His theories have in the past

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

279

Logiques des langues europeennes-IV: l'italien et l'estrade (The Logic of European Languages: Italian and the Stage).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth in a series of articles on the relationships of European languages to their cultures looks at the role of the theater in Italian culture and the theatricality of the Italian language. (MSE)

Van Lier, Henri

1989-01-01

280

Introduction precoce de la langue seconde. Experience suisse: exemple a suivre? (A Precocious Introduction to a Second Language. The Swiss Experience: An Example to Follow?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines a Swiss experiment in second language learning before the age of ten, which indicates that pre-puberty second language learning can be successful and can improve first language skills, and that the method used is less important than the training of the teacher. (Text is in French.) (AM)

Pons-Ridler, Suzanne

1977-01-01

281

Les Industries de la langue: Au confluent de la linguistique et de l'informatique (The Language Utilities: At the Confluence of Linguistics and Computer Science).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of essays addresses aspects of the "Language Utilities," the general term for the area of the conjunction of computer science and linguistics. The following are English translations of the titles of the articles in the collections: "Industrialization of the French Language and Its Maintenance as an Important Language of Science and…

Bourret, Annie, Ed.; L'Homme, Marie-Claude, Ed.

282

NIVEAU DE LA MER DANS L'OCAN AUSTRAL A PARTIR DE DONNES HISTORIQUES  

E-print Network

-1980s) +0.75 ± 0.35 mm/yr(1) (Woodworth et al.,JGR,2010) Saint-Paul Is. (1874-2009) Port of Francais.35 mm/yr(1) (Woodworth et al.,JGR,2010) Saint-Paul Is. (1874-2009) -0.3 ± 0.3 mm/yr(1) Port of Francais

283

Je prends connaissance du Code d'honneur  

E-print Network

http://www.direction.umontreal.ca/secgen/pdf/reglem/francais/sec_30/ens30_3.pdf . J'assume mes promotion d'activités commerciales ou de sollicitation. Détails à http://www.direction.umontreal.ca/secgen/pdf/reglem/francais

Montréal, Université de

284

Liste der laufenden Zeitschriften 2011 1 Acadmie : Annales de l'Acadmie FZ 615  

E-print Network

Association Bourguignonne des Sociétés Savantes: Actes du Congrès FR 22 Association de géographes francais: Bulletinde l'Association... FZ 258 Association des Amis du Vexin Francais: Bulletin FZ 139 Association des

van Straten, Duco

285

Universit Louis Pasteur Anne 2007-2008 Techniques de Programmation Feuille de TP  

E-print Network

: http://dpt-info.u-strasbg.fr/~narboux/Enseignement/ TechniqueProgrammation/2007-2008/dico-francais "dico-francais.c" N'oubliez pas de tester vos fonctions au fur et à mesure ! 1. Spécifier et programmer

Narboux, Julien

286

Patterns and Policies: The Changing Demographics of Foreign Language Instruction. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Changing Patterns: Curricular Implications," includes "Basic Assumptions Revisited: Today's French and Spanish Students at a Large Metropolitan University" (Gail Guntermann, Suzanne Hendrickson, and Carmen de Urioste) and "Le Francais et Mort, Vive le Francais: Rethinking the Function…

Liskin-Gasparro, Judith E., Ed.

287

Bull. Fr. Pche Piscic. (2003) 370-371 : 7-14 --7 --UNDERSTANDING AND MANAGING BIODIVERSITY IN RELATION TO  

E-print Network

Francais De La Peche Et De La Pisciculture (2003) 370-371" hal-00123403,version1-9Jan2007 Author manuscript, published in "Bulletin Francais De La Peche Et De La Pisciculture (2003) 370-371" #12;Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic

Boyer, Edmond

288

Fortbildung fr Franzsisch-Lehrkrfte Le Maghreb et la France  

E-print Network

maghrébine Sociétés en changement - le statut du francais au Maghreb pendant les dernières années ab 17 Sociétés en changement ­ le statut du francais au Maghreb pendant les dernières années lässt sich ebenfalls

Schubart, Christoph

289

STUDENTSERVICESGUIDEANDCAMPUSMAP GUIDEDESERVICESAUXTUDIANTSETPLANDUCAMPUS  

E-print Network

'un emploi d'été ou d'un emploi permanent. francais.mcgill.ca/caps Chaplaincy Service | Aumônerie Suite 4400 étudiants. francais.mcgill.ca/chaplaincy Counselling Service | Counselling Suite 4200 · 514

Shoubridge, Eric

290

Universit de Strasbourg Algorithmique et Programmation 2 Feuille de TP  

E-print Network

forme d'un grand tableau de chaînes de caractères) est disponible dans dico-francais-flat.c Après l'avoir enregistré dans votre répertoire vous pouvez l'utiliser à l'aide de l'ordre pré-processeur #include "dico-francais

Narboux, Julien

291

International Business Studies Sprachkurse SS 2006  

E-print Network

. FRANZ�SISCH ­ Assessmentphase (Bachelor) Modul Bezeichnung Lehrperson Zeiten Raum K1822 Francais II pour IBS: La vie économique en France (a) Hoffmann Mo 9 ­ 11 Mi 14.00 ­ 15.30 H3.203 C3.222 K1822 Francais II

Noé, Reinhold

292

Role-Playing as a Method of Teaching Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how role-playing was used in a French culture and civilization class at Eastern Washington State College. The class was conducted entirely in French, and each class member read the same material for each day. L. Wylie's "Les Francais" was used as the class text, and "Comment vivent les Francais" by Girod and Grand-Clement was…

Corbin, Diane H.

293

WOMEN's ACCESS TO CREDIT FACILITIES FROM COMMERCIAL BANKS IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES FOR THE 1990s \\/ L'ACCES DES FEMMES AU CREDIT DES BANQUES COMMERCIALES AU NIGERIA: UN DEFI POUR LES ANNEES '90  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was meant to determine the extent of women's limited access to credit facilities from commercial banks in Nigeria, factors inhibiting them (particularly gender-related ones), and to make policy recommendations. The results of the findings can be summarized as: (a) Nigerian women do not have limited access to commercial bank credit, rather there are fewer women credit applicants due

John C. Anyanwu

1992-01-01

294

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Huitieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 8.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

295

Resumes de texte en langue maternelle et en langue seconde: Differences dans l'application des macroregles entre experts et etudiants de differents niveaux universitaires (Test Summaries in the Mother Tongue and in a Second Language: Differences in the Application of Macrorules between Experts and University Students of Various Levels).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes differences between experts and university students of various academic levels in the application of the macrorules of deletion, generalization, and construction of text summaries. Learners of French as a second language wrote summaries of a French text in French as well as in English, their mother tongue, while professors of French and…

Corbeil, Giselle

2001-01-01

296

Le francais parle: analyse des attitudes des adolescents de la ville de Quebec selon les classes sociales (Spoken French: An Analysis of the Attitudes of Adolescents in Quebec City according to Social Class).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a report on a study of the attitudes of French-speaking young people, aged 10 to 17 years, toward French as it is spoken in two sectors of Quebec City. One sector, Sainte-Foy, is mainly upper middle class; the other, Saint-Sauveur, is economically and socially disadvantaged. The research was carried out on the basis of work in French and…

Noel, Daniele

297

20`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Besancon, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Identification du mod`ele probabiliste de l'os cortical en  

E-print Network

20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 Identification du)" #12;20`eme Congr`es Fran¸cais de M´ecanique Besan¸con, 29 ao^ut au 2 septembre 2011 3 Fig. 1 ­ G

Boyer, Edmond

298

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Calcul de la permeabilite `a l'echelle du VER d'un milieu  

E-print Network

19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Calcul de la perm´eabilit´e `a "CFM'09 - XIXème Congrès Français de mécanique, Marseille : France (2009)" #12;19 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

299

19 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Marseille, 24-28 ao^ut 2009 Interaction vorticite/deformation des monop^oles et des dip^oles  

E-print Network

´e/d´eformation des monop^oles et des dip^oles I. DELBENDEa, M. ROSSIb a. UPMC, LIMSI­CNRS, UPR 3251, BP133, 91403´erieure qu'il subit. Nous en montrons les implications dans le cadre des monop^oles et celui des dip^oles diffus de vorticit´e qui joue un r^ole quasi-passif. L'´evolution peut alors ^etre interpr´et´ee comme

Delbende, Ivan

300

La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)

Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

1985-01-01

301

R E G I S T R A R I A T FRA.10P(hiv)  

E-print Network

R E G I S T R A R I A T FRA.10P(hiv) (09-2008) Rév : (10-2013) test de francais_hiv_avis.doc AVIS E G I S T R A R I A T FRA.10P(hiv) (09-2008) Rév : (10-2013) test de francais_hiv_avis.doc LISTE DES

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

302

Technologies Technologies  

E-print Network

UFR Sciences et Technologies UFR Sciences et Technologies UFR SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIES Département ETUDIE *-*-*-*-*-*-*-* #12;UFR Sciences et Technologies UFR Sciences et Technologies Dossier de-baccalauréat : ANNEE DUREE ENTREPRISE SUJET #12;UFR Sciences et Technologies UFR Sciences et Technologies Dossier de

Sart, Remi

303

Universit Paris 7 Bases de donnes L3BI-M1 Anne 2010-2011  

E-print Network

charactères : CodeFilm Titre Realisateur Annee 1 La dolce vita Federico Fellini 1960 2 Les Oiseux Alfred Hitchcock 1963 3 Jules et Jim François Tru#27;aut 1962 1 #12; Testez la commande : INSERT INTO Films

Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7

304

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS  

E-print Network

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2008 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 35 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

Ribes, Aurélien

305

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS  

E-print Network

CNRM/GAME, URA1357 PUBLICATIONS / PRODUCTIONS du laboratoire CNRM/GAME, URA 1357 ANNEE 2007 Version finale #12;CNRM/GAME, URA1357 1 / 34 Codification des publications et productions ACL : Articles dans des catégorie sont dissociées : les THESES les HDR (Habilitations à Diriger des Recherches) #12;CNRM/GAME, URA

Ribes, Aurélien

306

Les contributions de la psychologie cognitive a l'enseignement strategique des langues secondes au niveau universitaire (The Contributions of Cognitive Psychology to Strategic Second Language Instruction at the University Level).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributions of the field of cognitive psychology to second language instruction are reviewed. It is proposed that these concepts can contribute not only to classroom language instruction, but also to methodology of language teacher education. (MSE)

Besnard, Christine

1995-01-01

307

L'application d'un modele mathematique a l'analyse de dissertations en langue seconde: utile ou pas (Application of a Mathematical Model in the Analysis of Essays in a Second Language: Useful or Not?)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study analyzed the second-language essays of seven anglophone and one French-speaking Quebec university students enrolled in a literature course by using a cognitive-metacognitive framework developed for mathematical problem-solving and a think-aloud protocol. Results indicate the framework, with some adjustments, is a reliable tool for…

Corbeil, Giselle

1998-01-01

308

Camilla Vásquez - Comments from the Classroom: A Case Study of a Generation1.5 Student in a University IEP and Beyond - The Canadian Modern Language Review \\/ La revue canadienne des langues vivantes 63:3  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study examines the patterns of participation of one US-educated refugee student in a university intensive English program (IEP). Specifically, I illustrate how the focal student used her advanced oral proficiency and prior experience with US educational norms and practices to engage in various interactional behaviours, such as shifting participation structures, taking an active role in classroom management, and

2007-01-01

309

Evolution linguistique et evolution de perspective en grammaire comparee des langues indoeuropeennes: le cas du "locatif sans desinence" (Linguistic Evolution and Evolution of Perspective in the Comparative Grammar of Indo-European Languages: The Case of the "Endingless Locative").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with the problem of the casual origin of the Greek infinitives in "-men,""ein," with respect to the "endingless locative" and the casus indefinitus" hypothesis. These assumptions can be connected with the progress made in the linguistic research, especially on the nominal inflection, from a chronological and methodological point…

Vanseveren, Sylvie

2001-01-01

310

La chirurgie fonctionnelle de l’épilepsie 1 Travail présenté aux XXII es Journées de l’Association de neuroanesthésie-réanimation de langue française, Dijon, 23-24 novembre 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduced at the end of the last century, epilepsy surgery is indicated in patients with intractable partial seizures and based on the resection of the epileptogenic cerebral tissue from which ictal discharges originate. Palliative procedures include seizure spread pathways interruption (callosotomy, multiple subpial transections) and chronic stimulation of the vagus nerve. Complete preoperative investigations including seizure observation, clinical tests, video-EEG,

B Devaux; F Chassoux; E Landré; B Turak; B Merlaud; A. M Oswald; L. M Joly; J. L Raggueneau

2001-01-01

311

The Teaching of Russian Language and Literature in Europe = L'enseignement de la langue et de la litterature russes en Europe = Prepodavanie russkogo yaeyka i literatury v Europe. Proceedings of the AIMAV Seminar (17th, Brussels, Belgium, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the Proceedings of the 17th meeting of the AIMAV (Association internationale pour le developpement de la communication interculturelle) are collected in this volume. Conference papers appear either in English, in French, or in Russian. For purposes of this abstract, all titles below have been translated into English. The…

Blankoff, Jean, Ed.; And Others

312

La conception et le role des materiels pedagogiques dans l'enseignement des langues secondes (The Conception and Role of Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Second Languages). CILA Bulletin, No. 29.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue concerns the content, function, and form of instructional materials dealing with second language instruction. The following articles appear: (1) "Deliberate Semantics--an 'Interventionist' Approach to Second Language Teaching Methodology," by A.P.R. Howatt; (2) "Sprechakte und Sprachunterricht (Speech Acts and Language…

Redard, F., Ed.; And Others

313

Une experience d'enseignement individualise de l'anglais langue seconde a l'elementaire (An Experiment in Individualized Instruction in English as a Second Language in Elementary School). Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of whether educational technology can be of assistance to the public school teacher who is in the position of having to teach the rudiments of a second language that he himself has not mastered is addresed in this paper. A series of teaching and learning units were constructed and experimented with for two years in teaching English as…

Begin, Yves

1979-01-01

314

Incidence de la connaissance d'une langue de programmation sur la conception et l'implantation des programmes d'etude. Etude effectuee dans les classes de langue francaise des conseils des ecoles separees de l'Ontario (The Impact of the Knowledge of a Programming Language on the Conception and Implementation of Courses of Study. Study Carried out in French Language Classes in the Council of Separate Schools in Ontario).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in certain French language schools in eastern Ontario took part in this initial experiment in the teaching of computer and electronic programing at the elementary school level. This project had three objectives for optimizing the pedagogical impact of these first attempts at teaching programing: (1) to describe the context of this initial…

Michaud, Pierre; And Others

315

Approches base de frquences pour la simplification lexicale Anne-Laure Ligozat1,2 Cyril Grouin1,3  

E-print Network

to read and understand than another. We tested different contexts of the considered word : no context généralement distinguées dans la simplification textuelle automatique, bien qu'elles ne soient pas totalement une tâche de traduction entre une langue standard et une version simplifiée de cette langue ; nous

Ligozat, Anne-Laure

316

LISTE DES MEMBRES DU CONSEIL DES ETUDES ET DE LA VIE UNIVERSITAIRE Collge ou catgorie Secteur Statut Nom Prnom Fonction Affectation  

E-print Network

langues, sciences humaines et sociales Titulaire FRANCALANZA Eric Professeurs des Universités UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines Art, littérature et langues, sciences humaines et sociales Titulaire AGOSTO Marie-Christine Professeurs des Universités UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines Droit, économie, gestion

Brest, Université de

317

Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Works in Linguistics). Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five papers in this collection include: "Apprendre a apprendre les langues: 'Mais je veux etre un handicape linguistique!'" (Learning To Learn Languages: But I Want To Be Linguistically Handicapped!) (Richard Duda); "Pedagogie integree des langues maternelle et seconde. La conscience des problemes chez les enseignants et chez les enseignes"…

Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL), 1985

1985-01-01

318

Fiche pratique: Elaborer un texte ecrit avec des debutants; Frequence FDM: Les journees du patrimoine; "Bonne annee"...en kit; Cles pour une expo... (Practical Ideas: Elaborating on a Written Text with Beginners; Frequency FDM: Heritage Days; "Happy New Year"...In a Kit; Keys to an Exhibition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four French classroom activities are described, including an introductory exercise in French for special purposes (business administration), a cultural exploration activity using a commercial audiotape, holiday card-writing, and an exercise in interpreting an art or other exhibition. (MSE)

Royer, Corinne; And Others

1996-01-01

319

PROGRAMME MISTRAL BOURSES DE MASTER POUR ETUDIANTS ETRANGERS  

E-print Network

PROGRAMME MISTRAL BOURSES DE MASTER POUR ETUDIANTS ETRANGERS ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2012-2013 1) Présentation du programme Ce programme de bourses est destiné aux étudiants étrangers qui souhaitent poursuivre'Université d'Avignon. · Ne pas bénéficier d'une autre bourse d'études (Bourse du Gouvernement Français, d

Naud Frédéric

320

BOURSE REGIONALE STAGE EN ENTREPRISE BOURGUIGNONNE  

E-print Network

1 BOURSE REGIONALE STAGE EN ENTREPRISE BOURGUIGNONNE ANNEE UNIVERSITAIRE 2013/2014 REGLEMENT D....située sur le territoire bourguignon ; forfait de 500 versés en une seule fois. Une seule bourse sera'organisme). Les bourses sont attribuées aux candidatures répondant aux critères de recevabilité dans la limite du

Herrmann, Samuel

321

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C1, suppl6ment au n o 3, Tome 48, mars 1987  

E-print Network

durant l e s "annees Tambora (1815)", ce qui nous s e r t d'horizon repere. P a m i l e s t r o i of the meltwater sample. This method was successfully applied by Hammer (1) t o detect debris of volcanic eruptions record f o r snow deposited during the "Tambora years (1815)" which i s used as a statigraphic marker

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

?enseignement de ?endoscopie digestive en Italie  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  En Italie, nous disposons de deux écoles de postgraduat : Gastroentérologie et Endoscopie Digestive et ?autre part : Chirurgie\\u000a Digestive et Endoscopie Chirurgicale. Le premier cours dure quatre ans, le second cinq ans. Pour aucune des deux spécialisations,\\u000a il n’est prévue de formation préparatoire en connaissances générales (médecine interne, chirurgie générale). Jusqu’à ?année\\u000a académique passée, ?enseignement était purement théorique. ?annee

A. Russo

1991-01-01

323

Glossary of Water Resource Terms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rapidly developing field of water pollution control already has stimulated its own special language through origination of new terminology and popularization of other vocabulary formerly reserved for highly technical study. Understanding of this langu...

O. A. Titelbaum

1970-01-01

324

Embedding an Interpreted Language Using Higher-Order Functions and Types  

E-print Network

convention that en- in the embedded language. This organization hasaseveralbbenefits:les host-langu* *age Embedding an Interpreted Language Using Higher an embedded, interpreted languageotofcontroloather languages, i* *ncluding Python, Perl, and several forms

Ramsey, Norman

325

Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

2001-01-01

326

The Training of Modern Language Teachers in Various Countries. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 20. Selected papers from the Association Internationale pour la Recherche et la Diffusion des Methodes Audio-Visuelles et Structuro-Globales Seminar (5th, August 27-September 1, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected papers that address theoretical and practical training of the modern language teacher and language teaching experiments in various countries are presented. Some of the articles included are the following: "Les problemes de la formation linguistique et pedagogique des professeurs de francais en Afrique Subsaharienne" (The Problems of the…

Nivette, Jos, Ed.

327

Actes des journees de linguistique: Colloque sur la recherche etudiante (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference: Colloquium on Student Research) (Quebec, Canada, March 18-19, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presentations by students at a colloquium on student research on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the University of Laval's Faculty of Letters, March 18-19, 1988, include: "Une enquete sur la qualite du francais ecrit au Quebec"; "Amenagement linguistique et neologie"; "Analyse syntaxique des 'arrets et retours' en arabe morocain parle";…

Lepage, Danielle, Ed.; Dominik, Annette, Ed.

328

The French Language in the Americas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual bulletin of the French 8 section of the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America is presented with the texts of papers read at both the 1969 and 1970 sessions. The 1970 papers, in French, include Jean Louis Darbelnet's "Etude Sociolinguistique des contacts entre 1'Anglais et le Francais au Canada et en…

Valdman, Albert, Ed.

329

Report on a Fulbright Year in France: Toulouse-Le Mirail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the experience which seemed to bear out the diagnosis of French history, character, and culture in "Le mal francais" by Peyrefitte. Intra-departmental relationships, the curriculum, course content, student life and attitudes, the physical plant, and the examination system are among the topics discussed. (AMH)

Emblidge, David

1979-01-01

330

Current Approaches to the Teaching of Foreign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers presented at a language conference are compiled in this report. They include: (1) "Le Francais au Pot-Pourri," or "Adapting the 'Open-Classroom' to the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (2) "We Can Teach Anyone to Speak French," (3) "The Use of Puppetry in the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (4) "A New Perspective for Integrated Foreign…

Barrett, Martin T.; And Others

331

FDM Video Classe: Modes d'emploi pour la classe (FDM Video Class: Classroom Uses).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content and design of the videotape series FDM Video Classe, produced by the journal "Le francais dans le monde," are described and classroom uses suggested. The materials are from authentic television programs, selected to illustrate aspects of French culture. It is suggested that the teacher also provide students with supporting materials that…

Beacco, Marcella Di Giura

1996-01-01

332

From CD-ROM to the WWW: Coming Full Circle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the challenges faced and solutions adopted in adapting the multimedia-rich "Varietes de francais" CD-ROM program to operate on the World Wide Web. The program runs locally to retrieve media resources, perform intelligent answer processing and data collection, and turns to the Web only when necessary for data transfer, external Web links,…

Burston, Jack

1998-01-01

333

Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics), Volume 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers in linguistics, all in French, are presented. "La delocutivite lexicale en francais standard: esquisse d'un modele derivationnel" ("Lexical Delocutivity in Standard French: Sketch of a Derivational Model"), by Marc Bonhomme, examines the process by which certain expressions become neologisms. "La terminologie de l'Essai de grammaire…

Py, Bernard, Ed.; Rubattel, Christian, Ed.

1989-01-01

334

Die CREDIF-Methodik. Versuch einer kritischen Bestandsaufnahme (The CREDIF Methodology. An Attempt at a Critical Evaluation)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critique of the audiovisual courses of Level 1 produced by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etudes pour la Diffusion du Francais. Discusses the textbook "Bonjour Line" (for 8- to 11-year-olds), "Voix et Images de France" and "De Vive Voix" (both for those older than 11). (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

Firges, Jean

1975-01-01

335

Some Recent French Courses: Kindergarten to Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following courses of study in French at the primary level are described and evaluated: (1) "En Avant" (E. J. Arnold, 1966), (2) "Repondez s'il vous plait" (Copp Clark, 1975), (3) "Pour les Tous Petits" (Carleton Board of Education, 1974), (4) "Dansons la Capucine (Clarke Irwin, 1973), and (5) "Le Francais Partout: Aux Yeux des Petits" (Holt,…

Weinrib, Alice

1976-01-01

336

An Analysis of Two Basic Word Lists for French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a method of determining which words should be selected as the basic vocabulary for French courses. Rather than using frequency as its criterion, this method defines lexical utility in terms of definition, inclusion, extension, and combination. The Quebec list and the Francais Fondamental are evaluated. (EJS)

Siliakus, H.

1978-01-01

337

French Video Cassettes Produced by the Ecole Commerciale de la Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris: Maximizing the Cultural and Linguistic Returns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of videotapes furnished with the "Valise du Francais des Affaires" from the Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris to teach business French. In the videotapes, French employers discuss the type of employee they would like to hire, and the problems they have encountered in some of the interviews they have conducted…

King, Charlotte P.

338

De l'analyse de contextes a la pedagogie des textes (From Analysis of Context to Pedagogy of Texts)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A detailed description of the "Dictionnaire contextual de francais pour la geologie." This study is used as an example of such a dictionary serving as a basic tool in the study of functional French. Such dictionaries can be useful in conceptual approaches to language learning. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Lehmann, Denis

1976-01-01

339

Teaching with "Voix et Images de France"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report on the classroom use of Voix et Images de France," the French text prepared by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etude pourla Diffusion du Francais (CREDIF) at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Saint-Cloud in France. (FB)

Marrow, G. D.

1970-01-01

340

Paradoxes in French-Language Instruction: Recent Social and Historical Research on Literacy in France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay on three recent books by outstanding scholars--"La raison scolaire" by Bernard Lahire, "Histoire de l'enseignement du francais du XVII[superscript e] au XX[superscript e] siecle" by Andre Chervel, and "L'ecole et la lecture obligatoire" by Anne-Marie Chartier--offers the opportunity to acquaint readers with French research on teaching…

Rockwell, Elsie; Galvao, Ana Maria

2012-01-01

341

Implementing "Voix et Images de France, Part 1," in American Schools and Colleges. Section 1, Principles of Audio-Visual Language-Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principles of the "St. Cloud" audiovisual language instruction methodology based on "Le Francais fondamental" are presented in this guide for teachers. The material concentrates on course content, methodology, and application--including criteria for selection and gradation of course content, a description of the audiovisual and written language…

Renard, Colette; And Others

342

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin of Speakers") (Chantal…

Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

343

French for Journalists: Classroom Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of authentic materials for an advanced French course for students of journalism and communication has the drawback that authentic French sources assume a regular, informed readership sharing the same culture and history. A solution found at Ohio University is to use a publication that bridges the two cultures, such as the "Journal francais

Rodina, Herta

344

ECMWF and ERS-1 Surface Winds Over the Arabian Sea During July 1995  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Institut Francais Pour la Recherche et 1'Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER) European Remote-Sensing Satellite (ERS-1), named IFR2, surface wind velocity data products are compared during July 1995 over the Arabian Sea.

Halpern, D.; Freilich, M. H.; Weller, R. A.

1998-01-01

345

Melanges, No. 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Ethnographie comparee de la salle de classe en France et en grande-Bretagne" (Comparative Ethnography of the Classroom Environment in France and Great Britain) (F. Carton); "Pour une approche micro et macro du francais parle dans la formation des enseignants de FLE" (Toward a Micro and…

Melanges, 1997

1997-01-01

346

Indexing Price Trends of French Academic Books in the Humanities and Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides data on price trends for French academic books in the humanities and social sciences for the years 1986-90 based on information from the "Bulletin Critique du Livre Francais," a monthly book-reviewing journal. A method for developing a price index for this material is demonstrated. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)

Austin, Ronald E.

1994-01-01

347

Television en classe!: L'experience "FDM video plus" (Television in Class!; The FDM Video Plus Experiment).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems and value of television as instructional material for the second-language classroom are discussed, and a new videocassette series produced by the journal "Francais dans le Monde" is described. Criteria for topic and segment selection are outlined, and suggestions are made for classroom use. (MSE)

di Giura, Marcella Beacco

1994-01-01

348

En Francasis: A Supplement of Classroom Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This classroom activity supplement is designed to accompany the "En Francais" language instruction series (programs 1-13) used on closed circuit television in South Carolina. It is intended to enrich classroom follow-up of the film program and to prvide a variety of activities and suggestions for teaching French language skills. Lessons introduce…

Enwall, Beverly; Joiner, Elizabeth

349

Research Results in Three Large Televised FLES Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three research projects conducted by three major televised FLES programs attempted to assess the effect of follow-up activities by the classroom teacher. The programs involved in the projects were "Parlons Francais," the University of Illinois Foreign Language Instruction Project (Spanish), and the Denver-Stanford Project on the Context of…

Randall, E.S.

350

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1985 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains four articles in French and three in English, including: "Lire et comprendre un texte informatif (Reading and understanding an Informative Text)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascale Fade); "Les nouveaux diplomes de Francais Language Etrangere: Le D.E.L.F. et le D.A.L.F. (The…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1985

1985-01-01

351

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (15th, Quebec, Canada, March 15-16, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language research in this volume include the following: "Temporalite en francais de France. Differences dans la conceptualisation du temps et son expression dans un texte narratif oral" ("Differences in the Conceptualization of Time and Its Expression in Oral Narratives") (Natalia Dankova); "La traduction des textes womanist: le cas de…

Goulet, Marie-Josee, Ed.

352

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth in a continuing series of bulletins dealing with international approaches and problems in language instruction in the military. Articles contained in this volume include: (1) "Connaissez-vous Milivox?"/"Do You Know about Milivox?," (2) "L'Audiomil Francais," (3) "An Attempt at the Construction of a Phonetic Discrimination Test…

Collins, K. E., Ed.

353

Alternative Approaches to Staffing the Elementary Foreign Language Program: Cost and Time vs. Achievement and Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a Ph.D. dissertation on an experiment involving the teaching of French with the widely used "Parlons francais" course to three groups of Grade 4 students, this article compares and evaluates the methods of staffing and implementing these FLES programs described in the report. The institutional approach methods assessed are--(1) Classroom…

Otto, Frank

1968-01-01

354

An Application of Didactic Criteria to Courseware Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combines a software review with a suggestion for a format that will allow a fair comparison between similar software packages and will also be more complete, accurate, and meaningful to the potential user of the software. The software package "Le Francais Par Ordinateur" is reviewed by this method. (SED)

Decoo, Wilfried

1984-01-01

355

On the Origin and Nature of Standard English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses origin of word "standard" and how it came to be applied to language; emergence in classical times of concept of "best" Greek and Latin, and how this had profound influence on development of high vernaculars of Europe; establishment of "le bon francais" and "good English," and application of terms "standard" and "standard English" to…

McArthur, Tom

1999-01-01

356

Games for the Foreign Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two marketing games are described, "Le Marche Francais" and "El Mercado: The Mexican Market Comes to Life in the Spanish Classroom." Both are patterned after a published game entitled "Market: A Simulation Game." The adaptation in each instance relied on simplifying the original game and presenting it in a form understandable to middle school…

McMillan, Nancy; Madaras, Susan W.

357

Pilot scale production of cellulolytic enzymes by Trichoderma reesei  

Microsoft Academic Search

The French substitute fuels program aims at the substitution of part of gasoline by methanol. In order to avoid phase separation of the gasoline-methanol blend, a cosolvant has to be added; one of the most efficient cosolvants is the mixture of acetone and butanol produced by anaerobic acetone-butanol fermentation. The Institut Francais du Petrole is thus implementing a research and

M. Warzywoda; F. Chevron; V. Ferre; J. Pourquie

1983-01-01

358

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1986/87.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1986/87 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains seven articles in French and four in English, including: "Learning How To Learn English"; "Socrate est-il un chat? Pratiquer le syllogisme pour apprendre a argumenter (Is Socrates a Cat? Practicing Syllogisms To Learn To Argue)"; "La production orale en francais des…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1987

1987-01-01

359

Discours oraux--discours ecrits: quelles relations? Actes du 4eme colloque d'orthophoine/logopedie (Neuchatel, 3-4 octobre, 1996) (Oral Discourse--Written Discourse: What Is the Relationship? Proceedings of the Colloquium on Speech Therapy (4th, Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 3-4, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research papers on the relationship between oral and written language include: "Une distinction bien fragile: oral/ecrit" ("A Fragile Distinction: Oral/Written") (Francoise Gadet); "Oral et ecrit dans les representations des enseignants et dans les pratiques quotidiennes de la classe de francais" ("Oral and Written Language in Teachers'…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1996-01-01

360

Travaux du laboratoire de traitement du langage et de la parole (Laboratory Work in the Treatment of Language and Linguistics).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research papers on language and linguistics include: "Enchainement des mots et acces au lexique en francais" ("Word Order and Lexical Access in French") (Besson); "L'apport de la coarticulation dans la perception de consonnes occlusives et constrictives" ("The Contribution of Coarticulation to the Perception of Occlusive and Constrictive…

Grosjean, Francois, Ed.

1994-01-01

361

IRC Fran?ais: The Creation of an Internet-Based SLA Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into text-based chat environments for foreign language learning has shown that discussions online have a significantly different character from those in the classroom. In this paper, we begin with a brief design history of one of these environments: IRC Francais. Our experience both illustrates the challenges involved in moving these chat environments from the language lab to the Internet

Amy S. Bruckman; James M. Hudson

2002-01-01

362

EPA/IFP EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON THE EMISSION ON NITROUS OXIDE FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report summarizes the proceedings of an EPA/Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) cosponsored workshop addressing direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from fossil fuel combustion. The third in a series, it was held at the IFP in Rueil-Malmaison, France, on June 1-2, 1988. Increas...

363

Pour une ecole ouverte aux langues. Actes du Collogue organisi par le Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneve, Suisse, le 19 novembre, 1994) = Toward a School Open to Languages. Proceedings of a Colloquium of the Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneva, Switzerland, November 19, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of a Swiss conference on languages in education include: a brief preface about the conference topic; summaries in French, Albanian, German, English, Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese; background information on the conference; statistics on the home and community languages of Swiss elementary and secondary school students; the…

Goumoens, Claire de, Ed.

364

Entrainement d'etudiants francophones a la negociation d'affaires et au debat public en anglais. L'Enseignement de la competence de communication en langues secondes. (Training of Francophone Students in Business Transactions and Public Speaking in English. The Teaching of Communicative Competence in Second Languages). Acts of the Colloquium of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics. CILA Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this course is to enable students to negotiate a business transaction directly in English. The proposed setting is a conference room and the interlocutors are upper middle class professional people. The learners are students of business administration in France who already possess some knowledge of English vocabulary and grammar.…

Rivas, Michele

365

From randomized trials to the clinic: is it time to implement individual lung-cancer screening in clinical practice? A multidisciplinary statement from French experts on behalf of the french intergroup (IFCT) and the groupe d'Oncologie de langue fran?aise (GOLF)  

PubMed Central

Background Despite advances in cancer therapy, mortality is still high except in early-stage tumors, and screening remains a challenge. The randomized National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), comparing annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) and chest X-rays, revealed a 20% decrease in lung-cancer-specific mortality. These results raised numerous questions. The French intergroup for thoracic oncology and the French-speaking oncology group convened an expert group to provide a coherent outlook on screening modalities in France. Methods A literature review was carried out and transmitted to the expert group, which was divided into three workshops to tackle specific questions, with responses presented in a plenary session. A writing committee drafted this article. Results The multidisciplinary group favored individual screening in France, when carried out as outlined in this article and after informing subjects of the benefits and risks. The target population involves subjects aged 55–74 years, who are smokers or have a 30 pack-year smoking history. Subjects should be informed about the benefits of quitting. Screening should involve LDCT scanning with specific modalities. Criteria for CT positivity and management algorithms for positive examinations are given. Conclusions Individual screening requires rigorous assessment and precise research in order to potentially develop a lung-cancer screening policy. PMID:23136229

Couraud, S.; Cortot, A. B.; Greillier, L.; Gounant, V.; Mennecier, B.; Girard, N.; Besse, B.; Brouchet, L.; Castelnau, O.; Frappe, P.; Ferretti, G. R.; Guittet, L.; Khalil, A.; Lefebure, P.; Laurent, F.; Liebart, S.; Molinier, O.; Quoix, E.; Revel, M.-P.; Stach, B.; Souquet, P.-J.; Thomas, P.; Tredaniel, J.; Lemarie, E.; Zalcman, G.; Barlesi, F.; Milleron, B.

2013-01-01

366

How to estimate production cost by steam drive  

SciTech Connect

The expense of steam flooding, and that of any other enhanced recovery program, can only be justified if the returns are economically attractive. Trying to determine in advance if this is the case can be difficult, but studies at Institut Francais du Petrole make such a determination fairly simple and rapid. The method is based on a theoretical grid system, with each grid having two wells - a producing well and an injection well. Standardized equipment is recommended throughout.

Burger, J.; Champlon, D.

1983-06-01

367

Offshore data base shows decline in rig accidents  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has compiled statistical figures on offshore accidents for risk, safety, and reliability studies. IFP calls this data base Platform. It provides a body of essential data for accidents concerning both mobile and stationary offshore drilling rigs. Historical accident data bases are a basic implement for risk assessment of safety and reliability. IFP has built this data base with all available information from 950 actual listings.

Bertrand, A.; Escoffier, L. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Maimaison (FR))

1991-09-16

368

Dimerize ethylene to butene-1  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has developed a new process, Alphabutol, to dimerize selectively ethylene to butene-1. The Alphabutol process uses a homogeneous catalyst which means that reactants, products and catalyst are all soluble in the same liquid phase. The new catalytic system used in the Alphabutol process avoids isomerization of butene-1 to butene-2. Therefore, there is no need for product superfractionation.

Commereuc, D.; Andrews, J.; Chauvin, Y.; Gillard, J.; Leonard, J.

1984-11-01

369

Deployment of the deep sea ROV VICTOR 6000 from board the German research icebreaker POLARSTERN in polar regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the frame of a Franco-Germam co-operation between the German “ Alfred Wegener Institut for Polar and Marine Research” (AWI) and the french “Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer” (IFREMER) the French Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) “VICTOR 6000” was successfully deployed from board R\\/V “POLARSTERN” during the polar expedition ARK XV\\/1 from 23.06 to 18.07.1999 to Fram

M. Nokin; T. Soltwedel; M. Klages

2000-01-01

370

Weaving in stabled horses and its relationship to other behavioural traits  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated 71 horses at five stud farms. Their breeds were Thoroughbred (n=48), Anglo-Arab (n=7), Thoroughbred mixed breed (n=5), Appaloosa (n=3), Selle Francais (n=2), Dutch Warmblood, Haflinger, Pinto, Quarter Horse and Westfalen (n=1, respectively), and one horse's breed was not known, but was a heavy horse. Their genders were stallion (n=5), gelding (n=41) and female (n=25). Their ages ranged from

Shigeru Ninomiya; Shusuke Sato; Kazuo Sugawara

2007-01-01

371

L3 SPI Parcours mcanique page 1/5 Licence 3 SPI parcours Mcanique  

E-print Network

Communication 2 ECTS UEL Unité d'Enseignement Libre 2 ECTS Contenu détaillé Unité d'enseignement Objectifs'étranger, ou à l'intégration de la vie professionnelle LANGUE-S4 UEC 14 2 18h TD UEL Libre UEL 2 #12;L3 SPI 1 à UE 25 20 ECTS UEC Unité d'Enseignement de Communication 3 ECTS UEL Unité d'Enseignement Libre 2

Di Girolami, Cristina

372

UNIVERSIT PARIS III SORBONNE NOUVELLE EDEAGE -TUDES ANGLOPHONES, GERMANIQUES ET EUROPENNES  

E-print Network

Boulonnais pour l'aide infiniment précieuse qu'elle m'a apportée, et également à Raymond Hickey pour ses'anglophones. Pour finir, je tiens à remercier Karim Benmansour pour son aide sur les tests de fiabilité statistique .......................................................................................18 6. La langue standard comme abstraction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

373

Cultures & Conflits 79-80 (Automne/Hiver 2010)  

E-print Network

Cultures & Conflits 79-80 (Automne/Hiver 2010) Langue et politique). ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ R�f�rence �lectronique Nad�ge Ragaru, � Faire taire l'alt�rit� �, Cultures & Conflits [En ligne], 79-80 | Automne/Hiver 2010, mis en ligne le 26 mai 2012, consult� le 16 janvier 2014. URL : http://conflits

Boyer, Edmond

374

Cultures et organisations  

Microsoft Academic Search

La coopération interculturelle, une question de survie Véritable atlas des valeurs culturelles, paru en 18 langues, Cultures et organisations est le fruit de plus de 40 ans de recherches menées dans plus de 100 pays. Il est aujourd'hui le livre de référence des chercheurs, universitaires et professionnels en management interculturel, sociologie des organisations, psychosociologie... Dans un monde divisé malgré la

G. Hofstede; M. Minkov

2010-01-01

375

Courses: Art History (ARTH) Page 255Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Art History (ARTH)  

E-print Network

representative and significant films tracing the evolution of the cinema as an art form. Includes studyBiC 100 introduCtion to ArABiC LAnguAge And CuLture i (2) Assumes no prior experience in Modern Standard, and the use of common expressions. Useful for travel and as a foundation for further studies in Modern Arabic

Ravikumar, B.

376

IRD Sige, 44, boulevard de dunkerque 13572 Marseille cedex 02 6e Forum mondial de l'eau Marseille  

E-print Network

présentée à Marseille du 17 février au 13 juillet 2012. Elle fait voyager le visiteur à travers l accompagner l'exposition, des conférences, projections, débats et visités guidées (traduites dans la langue

377

Back Matter  

E-print Network

pri enem avtorju ve? navedenk istega leta, jih lo?imo z malimi tiskanimi ?rkami sti?no ob letnici (2007, 2007a, 2007b); – v seznamu literature navajamo: ? monografija: Marko JESENŠEK, 2005: The Slovene Language in the Alpine and Pannonian Langu- age...

2008-01-01

378

La parole, vue et prise par les etudiants (Speech as Seen and Understood by Student).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles on speech and second language learning include: "Les sequences de correction en classe de langue seconde: evitement du 'non' explicite" ("Error Correction Sequences in Second Language Class: Avoidance of the Explicit 'No'") (Anne-Lise de Bosset); "Analyse hierarchique et fonctionnelle du discours: conversations entre basketteurs a plus de…

Gajo, Laurent, Ed.; Jeanneret, Fabrice, Ed.

1998-01-01

379

Practical solution techniques for first-order MDPs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many traditional solution approaches to relationally specified decision-theo retic planning problems (e.g., those stated in the probabilistic planning domain description langu age, or PPDDL) ground the specification with respect to a specific instantiation of do main ob- jects and apply a solution approach directly to the resulting ground Markov decision pro- cess (MDP). Unfortunately, the space and time complexity of

Scott Sanner; Craig Boutilier

2009-01-01

380

Language Technologies Tomaz Erjavec  

E-print Network

. The science of language: linguistics 3. Computational linguistics: some history 4. HLT: Processes, methods Background: Linguistics What is language? The science of language Levels of linguistics analysis #12 by an individual (competence) De Saussure (structuralism ~ 1910) parole / langue Chomsky (generative linguistics

Erjavec, TomaÂ?

381

Language Technologies Tomaz Erjavec  

E-print Network

. The science of language: linguistics 3. Computational linguistics: some history 4. HLT: Processes, methods;2 Background: Linguistics What is language? The science of language Levels of linguistics analysis Language Act by an individual (competence) De Saussure (structuralism ~ 1910) parole / langue Chomsky (generative linguistics

Erjavec, TomaÂ?

382

Towards Reusable NLP Components Amalia Todirascu  

E-print Network

Towards Reusable NLP Components Amalia Todirascu , Eric Kow , Laurent Romary , Equipe Langue et}@loria.fr Abstract We propose a methodology for transforming an NLP module into a reusable component. Introduction The availability of various NLP tools and linguistic resources for several languages opens

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

GIS Rseau Amrique latine. Actes du 1er Congrs du GIS Amrique latine  

E-print Network

de Bretagne Occidentale. Le massacre d'étudiants qui eut lieu en octobre 1968 au Mexique a laissé Mexique. De la simple censure littéraire ou journalistique1 aux massacres de paysans ou d'étudiants, en, 1998. Actes du Colloque Censure et littérature dans les pays de langues romanes, mars 1997. 1 halshs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

384

Les Cahiers de l'APLIUT Vol. XXX N 1 FEVRIER 2011 ISSN 0248-9430 Sandrine Chapon  

E-print Network

. Key words: Legal English, self-learning environment, institutional goal, methodo- logical goal, TV series as resource material. Résumé : Le volume horaire des langues à la Faculté de Droit de Grenoble of the American Constitution. It focuses on task-based language learning where every student can take an active

Boyer, Edmond

385

Memory of Voice Nicole REVEL  

E-print Network

Memory of Voice Nicole REVEL Langues-Musiques-SociktbsLMS (UMR 8099) http War Ill a great deal remains to be listened to, collected, safeguarded, transcribed, translated Linguistics-Anthropology will contribute to our understanding of this creative process. Memory of Voice I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

386

Splicing to the limit Elizabeth Goode1 and Dennis Pixton2  

E-print Network

language. With this definition we prove that a langu* *age is regular if and only if it is the limit, or limit, and we try to describe the molecules that * *will be present at this final stage. In language to consider correspond to a subset of the splicing language which we call the limit language. We give a number

Pixton, Dennis

387

This article was published in 2011 with the title/Cet article a t publi en 2011 sous le titre  

E-print Network

sempozyum, 7-8-9 Kasi m 2008 - International symposium on Baghdad (madinat al-Salam) in the Islamic state sometimes * Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Paris (I would like2012 Author manuscript, published in "Baghdad (madinat al-Salam) in the Islamic Civilization

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Master's programme in Macromolecular Materials Programme outline  

E-print Network

. Guidelines and recommendations for course combinations will be given. Courses corresponding to 15 ECTS can be available for application earlier.The application deadline is 15 January 2012. LAnguAge of instruction and development trends. To receive a Degree of Master of Science in Macromolecular materials, the students should

Lagergren, Jens

389

12/09/2013 Tutoriel Pascal 1 Tutoriel Pascal  

E-print Network

INIST-CNRS Plateforme EBSCOhost Disciplines Sciences, technologies et médecine Langues Anglais, français et la recherche avancée sur la plateforme EBSCOhost. http://sicd1.ujf principales fonctionnalités de la plateforme EBSCOhost. http://spipbu.univ-lehavre.fr

Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

390

LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 58 DOCUMENTS LISTE PAR SOCIT  

E-print Network

Purifer (S.T.I. Biologie)) RHV SOFTWARE SYSTEME - PC Draft (S.T.I) SINAPSE - Snark Open (langage de programmation) SOFTIA - Hyperinfo-M (Outil général) #12;63 LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI DOCUMENTS SOC INFORMATIQUE) - Dreidim (Langues) - collection nanobureautique PC (�conomie et Gestion) TNI INDUSTRIE - Orchis (S

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

391

Experiments in English for Special Purposes. Melanges Pedagogiques, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes four experiments in English for Special Purposes conducted by or involving the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues. English for Special Purposes is discussed in relation to language skills, grammatical and functional progression, "autonomization" and individualization of language acquisition, and…

Duda, R.; And Others

392

Presentation: Linguistique et socio-linguistique (Introduction: Linguistics and Sociolinguistics)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introduction to this issue of "Langue Francaise," on the relationship between linguistics, sociolinguistics and sociology. An overview is presented of the research methodology of each of these sciences, the contributions of generative grammar, and the point of view of the linguist, sociolinguist and grammarian. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Encreve, Pierre

1977-01-01

393

Facult des arts et des sciences Dpartement de science politique  

E-print Network

(r�)imagin�s Ukraine, Moldova Cours 7 Notre langue... et le statut des russophones Estonie, Ukraine. Gagaouzes (Moldova), Russes et Tatars de Crim�e (Ukraine) Cours 12 S�paratisme sur les territoires 13 Les acteurs externes et les conflits Transnistrie (Moldova et la Russie, la Roumanie, l

Parrott, Lael

394

On Research Methodology in Applied Linguistics in 2002-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examined the status of data-based research in applied linguistics through an analysis of published research studies in nine peer-reviewed applied linguistics journals ("Applied Language Learning, The Canadian Modern Language Review / La Revue canadienne des langues vivantes, Current Issues in Language Planning, Dialog on Language…

Martynychev, Andrey

2010-01-01

395

ccsd00000445, Making diagrams speak,  

E-print Network

raised by the presence of diagrams in a VIIth century Sanskrit mathematical com- mentary. Exploring di- agrammes dans un commentaire math#19;ematique en langue sanskrite datant du VII#18;eme si#18;ecle: A. Keller is a French CNRS researcher working on medieval sanskrit mathematics but also

396

L'Archive des origines Sanskrit, philologie, anthropologie dans l'Allemagne du XIXe sicle  

E-print Network

L'Archive des origines Sanskrit, philologie, anthropologie dans l'Allemagne du XIXe siècle Par la langue et les textes sanskrits. 1804 Friedrich Schlegel entreprend d'étudier à Paris les manuscrits sanskrits de la Bibliothèque nationale. En vingt ans, un double déplacement s'est opéré : l

397

Moroccan Children and Arabic in Spanish Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses classical Arabic as a minority language for Moroccan children in Spanish schools. It highlights programs of "education des langues et cultures d'origine" (ELCO), which specifically target these students. ELCO is the only public program in Spain recognizing Arabic as an immigrant minority language. Intercultural educational…

Garcia, Bernabe Lopez; Molina, Laura Mijares

398

Foreign-Language Pedagogy: Practical Applications to Theoretical Concerns. Selected Papers from the Loyola College Conference Entitled "Bridging Theory and Practice in the Foreign-Language Classroom" (Baltimore, Maryland, October 18-20, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from the conference include the following: "Activites orales et motivation dans l'etude du vocabulaire d'une langue etrangere (Oral Activities and Motivation in the Study of Vocabulary in a Foreign Language)" (M. Guisset); "Bridging High School and College Classes through the Multicultural Approach: The Case of Francophone Africa" (T.…

Wieczorek, Joseph A., Ed.

1993-01-01

399

Alex Boulton CRAPEL-ATILF/CNRS, Universit Nancy 2  

E-print Network

'apprentissage Corpus consultation and learning styles Mots-clés : corpus, apprentissage des langues, data-driven learning, DDL, styles d'apprentissage, Index of Learning Styles, ILS Keywords: corpora, language learning, data- driven learning, DDL, learning styles, Index of Learning Styles, ILS Résumé : Les corpus

Boyer, Edmond

400

Study Abroad as Professional Development for FSL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2009, a group of over 80 FSL teachers from British Columbia (BC) participated in a two-week sojourn at the "Centre d'Approches vivantes des Langues et des Medias" (CAVILAM) in Vichy, France, as part of an initiative to address the critical shortage of qualified French language teachers in the province. After almost four decades of study…

Wernicke, Meike

2010-01-01

401

WHAT WILL PEOPLE SAY? SPEECH SYSTEM DESIGN AND LANGUAGE\\/CULTURAL DIFFERENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of three spe ech system design strategies in Pashto, a little-studied langu age of Afghanistan and Pakistan, drawing comparisons with English where possible. The strategies discussed are using (1) prompts at the ends of questions to constrain user responses, (2) specific lexical items in system prompts to encourage user e choing, and (3) introspection as

Kristin Precoda; Robert J. Podesva

402

Downhole frac monitoring system developed  

SciTech Connect

A hydraulic fracture monitoring system makes it possible to determine the azimuth, length, and height of hydraulic fractures. Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has designed, patented, and field tested the system, which is designated Simfrac. It consists of a downhole monitoring tool with real-time surface readout and recording of microseismic events generated during the fracture opening or closing that occurs after the injection of fracture fluids. Combining Simfrac Interpretation with mathematical models can provide a better image of downhole stresses improved hydraulic fracture design, and can indicate optimum drill sites.

Sarda, J.P.; Wittrisch, C.; Perreau, P.; Deflandre, J.P.

1987-04-06

403

LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

NONE

1997-02-24

404

Le Point sur... Astronomie III  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ce fascicule contient l'ensemble des textes du débat sur la cosmologie du big-bang entre Joseph Silk, Jayant V. Narlikar, arbitrés par Jean-Claude Pecker. Il regroupe également des articles de mise au point sollicités par le rédacteur en chef de la rubrique Astronomie des Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Les textes se proposent de faire découvrir aux lecteurs, dans les principales disciplines de l'astronomie, les résultats les plus remarquables des dernières années. Ces mises au point sur des questions particulièrement importantes de l'astronomie sont rédigées soit en francais, soit en anglais et accompagnèes d'une bibliographie dètaillèe.

Pecker, J.-C.

405

Erri De Luca, il naplide Nicolas Bonnet  

E-print Network

Erri De Luca, il napòlide Nicolas Bonnet Professeur, Laboratoire Interlangues EA 4182, Université] @u-bourgogne.fr Erri De Luca considère, depuis les années de son adolescence, que le mot « patrie, Naples, et avec le dialecte napolitain, la langue « où » il est né ». Erri De Luca considera, fin dagli

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

406

Contribution de la prosodie l'identification du parler de la rgion marseillaise  

E-print Network

in the Marseille area and a more neutral French (which can be assimilated to standard French) is possible using contribuent largement à différencier les langues entre elles. Une des questions en jeu ici est alors de savoir'accent régional ont été évalués lors de tests de validation auditive (par un groupe de 35 sujets) qui ont permis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

407

Storing text retrieval systems on CD-ROM: compression and encryption considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of the CD-ROM as a storage medium for full-text databases raises the question of the maximum size database that can be contained by this medium. As an example, the problem of storing the Trésor de la Langue Fran&ccidel;aise on a CD-ROM is examined in this paper. The text alone of this database is 700 megabytes long, more than

Shmuel T. Klein; Abraham Bookstein; Scott C. Deerwester

1989-01-01

408

Caractrisation de textes contenu idologique : statistique textuelle ou extraction de syntagme ? l'exemple  

E-print Network

-users' protection against illegal or abusive content on the Net ­ racism, xenophobia, paedophilia ­ have implied illicites ou préjudiciables sur Internet (racisme, xénophobie, pédophilie) invite à dépasser les systèmes de si le racisme était une langue de spécialité avec une terminologie stable et univoque. Or, en tant qu

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

409

Fusion de capteurs lectromagntiques et d'chographies pour le suivi de la Coupling electromagnetic sensors and ultrasound images for tongue tracking  

E-print Network

{aron,kerrien,berger,laprie}@loria.fr Résumé Cet article présente une méthode pour la fusion d'imagesFusion de capteurs électromagnétiques et d'échographies pour le suivi de la langue Coupling electromagnetic sensors and ultrasound images for tongue tracking M. Aron E. Kerrien M.O. Berger Y. Laprie INRIA

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

410

Cours Titre Professeur Horaire Local examen LNG 1010 Langage et cognition Daniel Valois Jeudi 16 h 19 h  

E-print Network

16 h à 19 h LNG 1080 Lexicologie, sémantique et morphologie Mireille Tremblay Vendredi 8 h 30 à 11 h 30 LNG 1120 Histoire de la langue française Lundi 8 h 30 à 11 h 30 LNG 1125 Temps et espaces francophones Lundi 13 h à 16 h LNG 1400A Notions de phonétique et de phonologie Mercredi 13 h à 16 h LNG 1400B

Parrott, Lael

411

Linear-algebraic ?-calculus  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a view towards models of quantum computation and\\/or the inter- pretation of linear logic, we define a functional language wh ere all functions are linear operators by construction. A small step operatio nal semantic (and hence an interpreter\\/simulator) is provided for this langu age in the form of a term rewrite system. The linear-algebraic ?-calculus hereby constructed is linear

Pablo ArrighiGilles Dowek

412

Humain behavior  

ScienceCinema

Le Dr.Muriel James est ingénieur, conseiller/consultant dans plusieurs commissions (p.ex.justice criminelle au Japon) et universités et est l'auteur de nombreux livres (11) traduits dans plusieurs langues. Le plus connu de ses ouvrages est "Born to win". Dans son exposé elle se réfère à son livre "O.K.Boss" et parle d'un modèle spécifique du comportement humain et de ses qualités essentielles qui est la base de son travail.

None

2011-04-25

413

NOUVEAUTES BU SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES SEPTEMBRE-DECEMBRE 2012 INFORMATIQUE  

E-print Network

.678 BOU Boucher, Amélie Ergonomie web 004.678 CHA 004.678 GOE CSS3 004.678 RIM HTML 5 004.68 PAR 004.74 JAVAS HON JavaScript 006.74 JAVAS HON JavaScript 006.74 LAN Les API JavaScript du HTML5 : intégrer la puissance du HTML5 006.8 ROU Les mondes virtuels : panorama et perspectives LANGUES ETRANGERES Rohaut

Sart, Remi

414

Allah n'est pas obligé d'Ahmadou Kouroumaou la romance de la vérité  

Microsoft Academic Search

En 1999, Ahmadou Kourouma a reu le prix Inter pour sa satire, son chef d'œuvre satirique et caustique des dictatures africaines,\\u000a En attendant le vote des btes sauvages. C'est avec la m?meverve, le mme chatoiement de langue empreint d'aphorismes, d'adages, de proverbes spectaculairement traduits\\u000a en franais, de petit ngreet de geste de conteur rompu que le romancier Ivoirien nous livre

Affin O. Laditan

2001-01-01

415

LES FIGURES D'ALEXANDRE DANS LA LITTERATURE PERSANE : ENTRE ASSIMILATION, MORALISATION ET IRONIE  

E-print Network

leur vision intellectuelle, leurs aspirations sociales et leurs valeurs morales. On trouve des « romans-Est, dans des langues et des versions des plus diverses. Ces « romans » ne sont pas basés sur des sources, doù lappellation de Roman d'Alexandre du Pseudo-Callisthène2 . Contenant une part de vérité historique

Boyer, Edmond

416

LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 56 SOMMAIRE SOMMAIRE du n 56  

E-print Network

- Lettre de L. Jospin à A. Delelis 32 - J.O. du 25 septembre 89 34 - Programme national d'allemand 179 - Le fichier-texte : un fichier utile à la programmation en linguistique (application à la langue-ROM, mémoire Laser 212 - Pour l'enseignement du Pascal 223 - Un nano-réseau étendu 225 - Communication PC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

417

Programme d'tudes Niveau Numro Administration des systmes informatiques Module 1-175-7-3  

E-print Network

Programme d'�tudes Niveau Num�ro Administration des syst�mes informatiques Module 1'art Mineure 1-170-4-0 #12;Informatique appliqu�e Certificat de 1er cycle 1-175-5-0 Langue et culture-200-4-0 Programmation Module 1-175-7-2 Relations ethniques Module 1-101-7-0 Sciences cognitives Mineure 1

Charette, André

418

Whether you want to improve your career, life or community, find what you're searching for at the  

E-print Network

the learning event of the summer! Connect with SCE on Facebook during June and July to access two major dealsAtIONtEChNOLOGY sce-it.uwm.edu Web Design Web Development LANGuAGES sce-languages.uwm.edu English Language Learning in a stress-free learning environment. Breaking into Magazines Mon., July 16 & Wed., July 18, 6-8:30pm Get

Saldin, Dilano

419

Gestion des terminologies riches : l'exemple des acronymes Ying ZHANG1  

E-print Network

plusieurs termes d'une m�me langue � un m�me r�f�rent : � Jean-Paul II � et � Karol Jozef Wojtyla � en fran plusieurs termes qui d�signent un m�me et unique r�f�rent : Nations Unies, ONU, Organisation des Nations�ais, ou en anglais � John Paul II � et � Karol Jozef Wojtyla �. De m�me, certains liens �voluent avec le

420

Marie-Anne PAVEAU Sciences du langage  

E-print Network

macro-paire mind/body2 et, tout particulièrement, en ce qui concerne la linguistique, le dualisme langue larrêté de décembre 1990, y compris dans les citations. 2 Sur la place du mind body problem dans les. Dans les deux cas, on repense les dualismes traditionnels de la pensée occidentale ordonnés par la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

421

A Study of Some of the 17th and 18th Century Dramatic Versions of the Oedipus Legend in French and English with some Reference to Spanish  

E-print Network

Julleville, Louis, "Histoire de la langue et de la litterature francaise," Tomes 1 ,2 ,3 , Paris, 1896-99. Seneca, Lucius Annaeus,»••Translated by P.J.Miller, Chicago, 1907. . c % Sophocles, • • . • .#"0Edipus Tyrannus,"^ New York, Cincinnati, Chicago..., 1901• Sophocles , . . . . . / ."OEdipus Tyrannus," edited by Benjamin Hall Kennedy, London, Cambridge, Leipzig, 1882• "The Magazine of Art," Vol. 2, London, Paris, New York, Melbourne. Vaughan, Charles Edwyn,..."Types of Tragic Drama," London...

Malott, Anne C.

1914-01-01

422

In the realm of the game: The production and consumption of space in interactive media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although in recent years interactive gaming has become a billion-dollar industry and a major cultural phenomenon in the U.S. and around the world, there has been little thought of attributing cultural or social value to it. Aimed at filling this gap, this study explicates the langue, i.e., the underlying logic, organizing principles, and baseline assumptions, of computer- and video games

Yi-Chien Lee

1998-01-01

423

Lesson 45: Possessive Pronouns  

E-print Network

mama/mwalimu? [What is your name, mom/teacher?] Jina langu ni Joan. [My name is Joan.] #12;B possessive pronouns in Swahili: First person possessive (e.g. my, our) Second person possessive (e.g. your[Summary] 1stPersonSingular: ANGU[My] 1stPersonPlural: ETU[Our] 2ndPersonSingular: AKO[Your] 2nd

424

De l'anaphore la corrlation, en passant par la subordination en hindi moderne Annie Montaut, INALCO (SeDyL, UMR8202)  

E-print Network

-207 Abstract Indo-Aryan languages still display a strong correlative system, as was the case in Sanskrit where vivant aujourd'hui, hérité du Sanskrit où il constituait la seule manière d'exprimer les relations de cas en sanskrit, langue à l'origine de tous les parlers indo-aryens : Renou (1930), et surtout Minard

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

425

C/sub 1/C/sub 6/ alcohols from syngas  

SciTech Connect

Alcohol synthesis is a favorable way to upgrade syngas because of: positive thermodynamics, low yield of by-products and economics. Besides alcohol production for petrochemical uses, a second use has begun: the development of a competitive process for the production of C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ alcohol mixture, suitable as motor fuel blending component. Methanol is easily produced from syngas but its use as a single gasoline blend component has weaknesses. The two major problems - water-rich phase separation and vapor lock tendencies - can be alleviated by incorporating a cosolvent into the methanol-gasoline blend. The Institut Francais du Petrole (I.F.P.) process produces methanol-heavier alcohols mixture directly suitable for gasoline blending. Previous results show that a mixture of 15-20 weight % C/sub 2/+ alcohols and 80-85% methanol is adequate to avoid separation under French climatic conditions.

Courty, Ph.; Arlie, J.P.; Convers, A.; Mikitenko, P.; Sugier, A.

1984-11-01

426

Global refining beyond the year 2000 - A European perspective  

SciTech Connect

A new French publication from Editions Technip contains a broad-based discussion on the economic and processing parameters that will shape the refinery of the future. Process experts from Institut Francais Du Petrole (IFP) have constructed a {open_quotes}road map{close_quotes} for refining and petrochemical flow schemes that should interest industry planners and decision makers throughout the world. The importance attributed to the characterization of crude oils and petroleum products is stressed. On a directional basis, the industry will see more emphasis on methodologies to improve existing conversion and separation processes. Buzzwords such as biorefining, refinery integrated information systems, petrochemical/refinery integration and many others will find a forum in future publications.

Gonzalez, R.G. [ed.

1996-01-01

427

Parallel acoustic wave propagation and generation of a seismic dataset  

SciTech Connect

The ultimate goal of this work is to construct a large seismic dataset that will be used to calibrate industrial seismic analysis codes. Seismic analysis is used in oil and gas exploration to deduce subterranean geological formations based on the reflection of acoustic waves from a source to an array of receivers placed on or near the surface. This work deals with the generation of a test set of acoustic data based on a known representative geological formation. Industrial users of the data will calibrate their codes by comparing their predicted geology to the know geology used to generate the test data. This is a cooperative effort involving Los Alamos, Sandia, Oak Ridge and Lawrence Livermore national labs as well as Institut Francais du Petrole and the Society of Exploration Geophysicists.

Oldfield, R.; Dyke, J.V. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Semeraro, B.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-12-01

428

Three years' experience with the offshore self-boring pressuremeter ''PAM''  

SciTech Connect

The Offshore Self-Boring Pressuremeter (PAM) has been developed by the Institut Francais du Petrole for geotechnical investigations in water depths up to 1000 meters. The PAM was first presented at the 1981 OTC. It mainly consists of a seabed frame from which a self-boring pressuremeter probe is operated. To date, the PAM has totaled nearly 450 meters of borehole depth and more than 200 pressuremeter tests. Investigations have been performed in a wide variety of soil types. The latest deepwater campaign was carried out successfully in the Mediterranean at a water depth of 625 meters. Extensive geotechnical information is obtained from a PAM boring operation. The use of the pressuremeter method for offshore investigations and foundation designing should open up very interesting prospects.

Brucy, F.; Fay, J.B.; LeTirant, P.

1984-05-01

429

C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ Alcohols from syngas  

SciTech Connect

Alcohol synthesis is a favorable way to upgrade syngas because of: positive thermodynamics, low yield of byproducts and economics. Besides alcohol production for petrochemical uses, a second use has begun: the development of a competitive process for the production of C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ alcohol mixture, suitable as motor fuel blending component. Methanol is easily produced from syngas but its use as a single gasoline blend component has weaknesses. The two major problems-water-rich phase separation and vapor lock tendencies-can be alleviated by incorporating a cosolvent into the methanol-gasoline blend. The Institut Francais du Petrole (I.F.P.) process produces methanol-heavier alcohols mixture directly suitable for gasoline blending. Previous results/sup 1/ show that a mixture of 15-20 wt% C/sub 2/+ alcohols and 80-85% methanol is adequate to avoid separation under French climatic conditions.

Courty, P.; Arile, J.P.; Convers, A.; Mikitenki, P.; Sugler, A.

1984-11-01

430

Tropical Atlantic wind field variations during Sequal Preliminary results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Sequal (Seasonal Response of the Equatorial Atlantic) program has the objective to model correctly the dominant physical processes producing the seasonal redistribution of heat, mass, and salt in the upper ocean. The efforts of Sequal are greatly enhanced by the Focal (Francais Ocean et Climat dans l'Atlantique Equatorial) program. A knowledge of fields of wind stress over the tropical Atlantic is needed for the achievement of the Sequal objectives. The Sequal program makes use of the Fleet Numerical Oceanography Central (FNOC) 'Nogaps' wind fields as a first-guess field which will subsequently be modified. Nogaps is a global weather prediction model consisting of independent global wind and mass analysis submodels. The present investigation is concerned with some preliminary comparisons between Nogaps predictions and surface observations, taking into account monthly mean Nogaps fields and monthly means from a century-long ship report-based climatology.

Harrison, D. E.; Cardone, V. J.

1984-01-01

431

First Analysis of the ?_5 Band of DNO_3 (deuterated Nitric Acid) in the 11 ?m Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The infrared spectrum of DNO_3 (deuterated nitric acid) was recorded at high resolution (0.0018 cm ^{-1}) in the 800 -1400 cm ^{-1} region on the Bruker IFR 120 HR Fourier transform spectrometer of Wuppertal. The analysis of the ?_5 A-type band of DNO_3 centered at 887.656 cm ^{-1} was performed taking use of the ground state parameters achieved by Drouin et al. This band is perturbed by several resonances. [1] Drouin, Miller, Fry, Petkie, Helminger, Medvedev, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 236 (2006) 29-34 [2] Acknowledgment: The work was supported through the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (research program LC06071) and scholarship of the French government (Bourse du Gouvernement Francais - Bourse de Doctorat en co-tutelle).

Koubek, J.; Perrin, A.; Beckers, H.; Willner, H.

2009-06-01

432

Neo-Latin News  

E-print Network

Gothic Wars, non ut interpres sed ut genitor et auctor; Procopius, he claimed, was useful only as a witness to the facts but Cetera illius sunt spernenda (cited by Botley, p. 34). Bruni?s translations of Aristotle included the Nicomachean Ethics (1416... in ?Le latin et les autres langues au Moyen ?ge: contacts avec des locuteurs ?trangers, bilinguisme, interpr?tation et traduction (800-1200),? knowledge of Latin complemented knowledge of one or two vernaculars during the Middle Ages, becoming a sort...

Kallendorf, Craig, et al

2006-01-01

433

En philosophie, l'universit Paris-Sorbonne, dj les penseurs indiens le passionnaient... Et c'est tout naturellement qu'Alexandre Papas s'est orient vers l'histoire, celle de l'Islam, non sans avoir  

E-print Network

'est « tout naturellement » qu'Alexandre Papas s'est orienté vers l'histoire, celle de l'Islam, non sans avoir un travail plus ethnographique sur l'Islam d'aujourd'hui: d'une part sur les Salars, au Tibet, « une langue française sur le monde musulman décerné en 2006 par l'Institut d'études de l'Islam et des sociétés

van Tiggelen, Bart

434

De la cosmologie tibetaine au mythe de l'Etat - Historiographie rnyingmapa (Nepal)  

E-print Network

Lama (Anubâdak) with Mukta Singha Tamang (Sampâdak). Kathmandu, Tamang Âdhyayan Kendra. Nous le désignons dans la suite du texte par ces initiales, qu’il utilise lui-même parfois pour signer des articles journalistiques. Son nom civil est « Thuden... Voir B. Steinmann ed. 2006. 8 Dans la veine tantrique qui va de Drukpa Kunleg le yogin à Gedun Chöpel : voir en particulier R. A. Stein 1972 et H. Stoddard 1985. 9 Nous avons traduit le manuscrit à partir de ces trois langues avec l’aide de l...

Steinmann, Brigitte

2007-01-01

435

[Inhalation therapy: inhaled generics, inhaled antidotes, the future of anti-infectives and the indications of inhaled pentamidine. GAT aerosolstorming, Paris 2012].  

PubMed

The working group on aerosol therapy (GAT) of the Société de pneumologie de langue française (SPLF) organized its third "Aerosolstorming" in 2012. During the course of one day, different aspects of inhaled therapy were discussed, and these will be treated separately in two articles, this one being the first. Inhaled products represent a large volume of prescriptions both in the community and in hospital settings and they involve various specialties particularly ENT and respiratory care. Technical aspects of the development of these products, their mode of administration and compliance with their indications are key elements for the effective therapeutic use of inhaled treatments. In this first article, we will review issues concerning generic inhaled products, the existence of inhaled antidotes, new anti-infective agents and indications for inhaled pentamidine. PMID:24314707

Peron, N; Le Guen, P; Andrieu, V; Bardot, S; Ravilly, S; Oudyi, M; Dubus, J-C

2013-12-01

436

Floridas Miami Tequesta Indian Site, Its Calusa Indian Locations, the Matacumbe Keys, and Orlandos Wikiwa Springs Generate Environmentally Significant EMFs.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Florida purchased the Tequesta ([Langue] doc Christ Spirit-signal) Indian site along the Miami River site that vigorously pulsates with even minor rainstorms entering or leaving the area. Although there is a laughable chimera of a fountain of youth associated with Ponce de Leons discovery of the Florida peninsula in about AD 1513, the Calusa (Royal Christ Jesus Spirit-signal) Indian Nation has an associated significance with EMF signals they possibly monitored throughout their area of activity. Our efforts have also led to the investigation of cultural and other influences implied by the Matacumbe Keys that indicate a shared commonality of awareness with Native Americans of the northeast such as Metacomet, or regions like Maines Grand Lake Matagamon and its associated electromagnetic Spirit Signal. Wikiwa Springs near Orlando shares much with Massachusetts (adherent of serpent Jesus Christ Spirit-signal) Natick, and New Hampshires Naticook Island. These are the locales of environmentally sensitive instrumentation.

Mac Dougall, Jean S.; Mc Leod, Roger D.; Mc Leod, David M.

2003-10-01

437

A new challenge for diabetologists and geriatricians!  

PubMed

The "Société Française de Gériatrie et Gérontologie" (SFGG) and "Association de Langue Française pour l'Etude du Diabète et des Maladies Métaboliques" (ALFEDIAM) have decided to join their efforts in actions to improve the management and treatment of the elderly diabetic patients. New knowledge brought by the fundamental research in the domains of longevity genes made possible to discover genetic ways, like IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor 1) which play a regulating role between adequacy of the external food availabilities and nutritional body needs. Others discovery in the field of the epigenetic regulation of the nutrition have consequences on pathology such as the metabolic syndrome. New therapeutic prospects and a better definition of the clinical feature will allow better prevention and management in prediabetic patients. PMID:16415760

Tréton, J

2005-12-01

438

A two-dimensional regional basin model of Williston basin hydrocarbon systems  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole`s two-dimensional model, TEMISPACK, is used to discuss the functioning of petroleum systems in the Williston basin along a 330-km-long section, focusing on four regional source intervals: Ordovician Yeoman formation, Lower Devonian Winnipegosis Formation, Upper Devonian-Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation, and Mississippian Lodgepole formation. Thermal history calibration against present temperature and source rock maturity profiles suggests that the Williston basin can be divided into a region of constant heat flow of about 55 mW/m{sup 2} away from the Nesson anticline, and a region of higher heat flow and enhanced thermal maturity in the vicinity of the Nesson anticline. Original kinetic parameters used in the calibration were derived for each of the four source rocks from Rock-Eval yield curves. Bakken overpressures are entirely due to oil generation, not compaction disequilibrium. Very low Bakken vertical permeabilities range from 0.01 to 0.001 and are matched against observed overpressures, whereas Bakken porosities based on the model and confirmed by measurements are inferred to be also unusually low, around 3%.

Burrus, J.; Wolf, S.; Doligez, B. [Institut Francais due Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)] [and others

1996-02-01

439

2-D modeling of gas and overpressure generation in the Venture field (Canada)  

SciTech Connect

Venture field is located in an overpressured zone of gas accumulations in a region that had low sedimentation rates over the last 80 m.y. This could support the hydrocarbon generation, rather than compaction disequilibrium, as the main cause for overpressuring. Study of these accumulations can be done using the IFP (Institut Francais du Petrole) THEMIS model, which integrates compactions, hydraulic fracturation, fluid flows, heat transfer, and formation and migration of hydrocarbons. A single phase basin scale model is constructed first to assess the input parameters related to the fluid-flow reconstruction. The permeability of faults is calibrated to fit the actual pressure distribution through the field. Permeability is found to be very low and allows a fit to the regional distribution of overpressuring. In a second step, a two-phase model, restricted to the field itself, is used to test parameters related to hydrocarbon and source rocks. Gas accumulations are effectively obtained in the reservoir units. Finally, the two-phase model is extended to the regional scale to check the parameters previously assessed. At this scale, the gas and overpressure distributions are found to fit those actually observed. Gas accumulations contribute slightly to overpressuring, which is better accounted for by compaction disequilibrium despite the low sedimentation rates. Generation in or close to the reservoir unit does not contribute significantly to the gas accumulations. However, gas sources are found in the underlying formations.

Forbes, P.L.; Ungerer, P. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France)); Mudford, S. (Greenstone Geophysical Research Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada))

1990-05-01

440

Combined modeling approaches as an aid to structural interpretation  

SciTech Connect

Many exploration failures can be attributed to a misunderstanding of poorly expressed seismic data. To aid tectonic and structural interpretation, a combined modeling approach has been attempted in a joint research program between Elf Aquitaine Production, TOTAL, AGIP, and Institut Francais du Petrole. This approach involves analog and numerical modeling constrained by field geology models and examples. Well-studied field geology examples provide defined three-dimensional (3-D) geometries and provide clues about the mechanical history of deformation. However, the field models give a static image of the finite strain, and the different stages of deformation remain conjectural. Analog physical modeling using sand, glass powder, and silicone putty elucidates the kinematics and, to some extent, the mechanism of deformation. However, the oversimplified rheology of modeling materials implies analogy limitations and precludes perfect simulation of all natural examples. Numerical modeling, based on finite or distinct elements methods, permits quantification of stress and strain at each step of the deformation. It also offers a larger range of rheological parameters; however, those parameters are difficult to precisely equate to slow deformation on a geological time scale. Thus, each technique has its respective advantages and limitations, but the combination of the three approaches can help to define 3-D geometries and kinematics, and to evaluate the mechanism of deformation, which can be applied to the structural interpretation of seismic data. Such an interdisciplinary approach has been tested for various tectonic regimes, and examples will be given to illustrate this method of investigation.

Richert, J.P. (Elf Aquitaine Production, Pau (France)); Coletta, B. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France))

1993-09-01

441

Modeling overpressures in sedimentary basins: Consequences for permeability and rheology of shales, and petroleum expulsion efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The prediction of overpressures using Institut Francais du Petrole's 2-D numerical model TEMISPACK is applied to several provinces of the world. In the Paris basin, France, normally pressured Liassic shales are shown to have permeabilities around a microdarcy, independently confirmed by laboratory measurements. In contrast, in the Norway section of the North Sea, Williston Basin, Canada, Gulf Coast, and in the Mahakam delta, observed overpressures of 10-50 MPa are consistently modeled with shale permeabilities around 1-10 nanodarcys. This theoretical value fits well with the lowest permeability measured in compacted shales. For these basins, compaction disequilibrium was found to explain most (>85%) of the overpressures. The only exception was the Williston basin in which overpressures observed in the organic-rich Bakken shales are entirely due to hydrocarbon generation. In Mahakam delta, the rheology of shales is nonlinear, i.e., the strength of shales increases rapidly with death. Consequently, shale compaction cannot be described by the linear behavior often assumed in hydrology. In the absence of fault barriers, numerical simulations and geological evidence suggest that overpressured source rocks have low or very low expulsion efficiency, irrespective of their organic content. However, shales with a permeability on the order of a microdarcy do not hinder petroleum migration.

Burrus, J.; Schneider, F.; Wolf, S. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France))

1994-07-01

442

Basin analysis in a Tertiary delta by numerical modeling: Mahakam case study (Indonesia)  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of the Mahakam delta is discussed on the basis of a quantitative reconstruction using the two-dimensional TEMISPACK software developed at Institut Francais du Petrole. The following steps are achieved. (1) An east-west 80-km-long regional seismic line tied on wells is used to establish a depth-section divided in 25 chronostratigraphic levels, and 40 vertical columns. Fifteen different lithologies are distinguished (between shales and sandstones, with variable total organic carbon), as interpreted from well data and seismic profiles. (2) Porosity-depth relations derived from log-data are used to backstrip the section and reconstruct the past geometries. The development of geopressures is investigated after calibration of the permeabilities on the observed lithologies. In particular, the authors account for the small-scale variations of the sandshale ratio by introducing a high anisotropy of the permeabilities. The model is shown to reproduce well observations such as depth at which geopressures appear, and gradient of pressure in the overpressured zone. The simulations show that the geopressures essentially are controlled by the distribution of the sandy layers, and are due to compaction disequilibrium (3) The generation of hydrocarbons simulated by a kinetic model and the migration (separate phase flow) of hydrocarbons is discussed. Boundary conditions and underconstrained parameters, such as capillary forces, past heat flow, etc., are discussed on the basis of a sensitivity analysis.

Burrus, J.; Brosse, E. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France)); Grosjean, Y.; Choppin de Janvry, G.; Oudin, J.L. (TOTAL, Ruiel Malmaison (France)); Bessereau, G. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France))

1990-05-01

443

IFP: Standing at the intersection between research and industry  

SciTech Connect

Since its formation in 1944, Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has pursued a wide range of research and development, training and information activities, servicing the complete chain of petroleum operations, ranging from exploration to the many uses of petroleum products. Standing at the intersection between research and industry, IFP combines basic research and applied industrial research. One of it roles is to contribute to renewing reserves by developing innovative technologies and to ensure the better technico-economic accessibility of discovered reserves. In exploration and reservoir engineering, the R&D program is mainly focused on subjects contributing to the development of methodologies and tools for a better assessment of petroleum resources of sedimentary basins, structural imaging, reservoir characterization, improved oil recovery, well productivity and a more intensive integration of the geosciences: geology/geophysics/reservoir engineering. Environmental protection is a subject of permanent concern at IFP. A part of the program is focused on the restoration of polluted environments. The determination to ensure the optimum dissemination of its scientific and technological patrimony in industry has justified the organization of large-scale industrial action. IFP represents an independent research center unrivaled in Europe. This situation has enabled it to emerge strongly as a leading figure in international scientific and technical circles.

Riviere, C. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

1995-08-01

444

Use of a combined personal computer and Rock-Eval in an integrated petroleum evaluation work station to estimate volumes of hydrocarbons generated and migrated in sedimentary basins  

SciTech Connect

A petroleum evaluation work station consisting in a modified Rock-Eval apparatus connected to an IBM personal computer has been designed at Institut Francais du petrole to estimate the amount of hydrocarbon generated and migrated in sedimentary basins. The work-station is provided with specific software for Rock-Eval data analysis, quick determination of kinetic parameters (Optim model), and quantitative hydrocarbon generation (Matoil model). Along with the classical Rock-Eval parameters (S{sub 0}, S{sub 1}, S{sub 2}, TOC, and T{sub max}), new parameters concerning the source rocks, such as the transformation efficiency ratio (TER), the migration efficiency ration (MER), and the initial generation capacity (IGC), are defined. These new parameters combined with geological data give access to a rapid volumetric estimation (in 10{sup 6}MT/km{sup 2}) of hydrocarbon generation and migration in the studied area. These data can be displayed on different specific maps for rapid visualization. This work station has been successfully used in the Paris and Aquitaine basins, making possible a better assessment of their petroleum potential. The petroleum evaluation work station appears to be a very valuable tool that can be used in the different phases of exploration in a sedimentary basin.

Espitalie, J.; Lafargue, E.; Drouet, S. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison)

1989-09-01

445

An overview of multiphase helicoaxial pumps  

SciTech Connect

The helicoaxial concept developed by the Inst. Francais du Petrole (IFP) is one of two types of multiphase pumps extensively tested on fields and now used commercially. Helicoaxial pumps are rotodynamic turbomachines that are, in fact, hybrids between pumps and axial compressors. Helicoaxial pumps are based on special patented hydraulics designed to limit the phase separation that occurs in two-phase flow with conventional centrifugal pumps that produce a tremendous head loss. Developers have carried out extensive research and testing on actual production sites to develop helicoaxial pumping. The favorable results obtained so far confirm the soundness and versatility of the technology over a wide range of operating conditions. Helicoaxial pumps cover a larger domain of application than anticipated some years ago. They can be used with high gas volume fraction (94 to 95%) and/or low suction pressures. The pumps` inherent low weight should make them particularly attractive for large flow rates and offshore operations. Helicoaxial pumps are reliable products, technically and commercially read for field deployment.

Falcimaigne, J. [Inst. Francais du Petrole, Paris (France). Applied Mechanics Div.

1996-02-01

446

Geologic and structural map of eastern Asia  

SciTech Connect

A synthesis of the onshore and offshore geologic data of eastern Asia, prepared by the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), has allowed the construction of geologic and structural maps for this region. These maps include three color sheets (scale = 1:2.5 million) and three plates of geologic and structural cross sections. Located between lat. 4/sup 0/ and 35/sup 0/N, and long. 106/sup 0/ and 132/sup 0/E, the maps cover the following geographic areas: East and South China Sea, Sulu Sea, West Philippine basin and onshore neighboring terrains, Kyushu and Ryukyu Islands, the China margin, Taiwan Island, Vietnam, North West Borneo, and the Philippines. The maps synthesize seismic interpretations, oil well data, geologic work in south Japan, Taiwan, Borneo, and the Philippines, and recent data published between 1976 and 1985. Twenty-four geologic cross sections (scale = 1:1.25 million, vertical exaggeration x 6) intersect ocean margins, important basins, and the different structural domains. They are based on seismic profiles, well data, and available onshore and offshore geologic data. These cross sections show basement composition and structures, different tectonic and sedimentary domains, and the structure and thickness of different sedimentary deposits (such as age, unconformities, and geologic structures). Maps and cross sections will be published in early 1987.

Letouzey, J.; Sage, L.

1986-07-01

447

Oil viscosity limitation on dispersibility of crude oil under simulated at-sea conditions in a large wave tank.  

PubMed

This study determined the limiting oil viscosity for chemical dispersion of oil spills under simulated sea conditions in the large outdoor wave tank at the US National Oil Spill Response Test Facility in New Jersey. Dispersant effectiveness tests were completed using crude oils with viscosities ranging from 67 to 40,100 cP at test temperature. Tests produced an effectiveness-viscosity curve with three phases when oil was treated with Corexit 9500 at a dispersant-to-oil ratio of 1:20. The oil viscosity that limited chemical dispersion under simulated at-sea conditions was in the range of 18,690 cP to 33,400 cP. Visual observations and measurements of oil concentrations and droplet size distributions in the water under treated and control slicks correlated well with direct measurements of effectiveness. The dispersant effectiveness versus oil viscosity relationship under simulated at sea conditions at Ohmsett was most similar to those from similar tests made using the Institut Francais du Pétrole and Exxon Dispersant Effectiveness (EXDET) test methods. PMID:20723943

Trudel, Ken; Belore, Randy C; Mullin, Joseph V; Guarino, Alan

2010-09-01

448

Development of a New Stratigraphic Trap Exploration Using Elastic-Wave Seismic Technology  

SciTech Connect

Vecta acquired 9 square miles of 9-C seismic data in Mountrail County, North Dakota with the Mission Canyon shoreline as a primary target. Vecta contracted the Institute Francais du Petrole in order to co-develop a more rigorous multicomponent seismic interpretation product. The final interpretation was very unique in that it utilized not only the 9-C seismic data but also the new jointly developed software. A Mission Canyon anomaly was developed in 2006; however, it was of insufficient size to be a commercial target at the time. Therefore, Vecta analyzed the shear data for anisotropy within the Bakken formation and successfully reentered an abandoned producer within the project area and drilled a horizontal leg through the anomalous zones of the middle member of the Bakken formation. The well was open hole completed, swab tested, sand fraced, and swab tested some more. No shows of oil were ever seen from the Bakken formation, but the well yielded considerable amounts of formation water. The well has been abandoned as non-commercial. From the swab tests, one may conclude considerable permeability exists in the formation, thus confirming the utility of the shear wave to detect fractures within the targeted formation.

Bryan DeVault

2008-02-05

449

Comparison of effectiveness of sub-slab ventilation systems for indoor radon mitigation: A numerical study; Comparaison a l`aide d`un outil numerique de l`efficacite des systemes de ventilation active du sol limitant la penetration du radon dans l`habitat  

SciTech Connect

The functioning of an active sub-slab ventilation system (SVS) has been studied successfully with the help of a previously evaluated numerical model. The parameters explored are the permeability of the sub-slab and the gravel placed beneath it, the amplitude of applied pressure at the installation point of the system and the functioning method: depressurization or pressurization. The mechanisms contributing to the success of the two systems are identified. This numerical study shows that the presence of a layer of gravel beneath the sub-slab considerably improves the performance of the SVS. Considered separately from the extremely permeable sub-slabs, the depressurization systems perform better than the pressurization systems. 17 refs. [Francais] Le fonctionnement des Systemes de Ventilation active du Sol (SVS) a ete etudie a l`aide d`un outil numerique precedemment evalue avec succes. Les parametres explores sont les permeabilites du sol et du gravier place sous plancher bas, l`amplitude de la pression appliquee au point d`installation du systeme, et le mode de fonctionnement: Depressurisation ou Pressurisation. Les mecanismes contribuant au succes des deux systemes sont identifies. Cette etude numerique montre que la presence d`une couche de gravier sous plancher bas ameliore de facon considerable les performances des SVS. Mis a part le cas des sols extremement permeables, les systemes de Depressurisation ont de meilleures performances que les systemes de Pressurisation. 17 refs.

Bonnefous, Y.C. [Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l`Etat, 69 - Vaulx en Velin (France). Lab. Sciences de l`Habitat]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Gadgil, A.J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Allard, F. [Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA), 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

1992-04-01

450

Energy for developed and developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The 15 papers collected in this book originated from the third International Scientific Forum on Energy which met October 29 through November 2, 1979 in Nice, France under the joint sponsorship of the Institut Francais de l'Energie and the Center for Theoretical Studies. Although initially the third forum was to focus on the energy problems of developing nations, it was soon realized that it was not possible to assess these problems effectively without also considering those of industrialized nations. Because the energy problem is one of the root causes of international strife, internal unrest, and economic and political crises, only fast and global treatment of all relevant aspects can avert the threat that it poses to the safety of the entire world. Thus, it was the purpose of these forums to evaluate the needs and resources of all nations and to propose ways of coping with their energy problems, individually and on a cooperative basis. A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 15 papers.

Kursunoglu, B.N.; Couture, J.; Millunzi, A.C.; Perlmutter, A.; Scott, L.

1983-01-01

451

Manifestation of nonlinear elasticity in rock: Convincing evidence over large frequency and strain intervals from laboratory studies  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear elastic response in rock is established as a robust and representative characteristic of rock rather than a curiosity. This behavior is illustrated from a variety of experiments conducted over many orders of magnitude in strain and frequency. The evidence leads to a pattern of unifying behavior in rock: (1) Nonlinear response in rock is enormous; (2) the response takes place over a large frequency interval (dc--10{sup 6} Hz at least); (3) the response not only occurs, as is commonly appreciated, at large strains but also at small strains where nonlinear response and the manifestations of this behavior are commonly disregarded. Nonlinear response may manifest itself in a variety of manners, including a nonlinear stress{minus}strain relation (hysteretic/discrete memory), nonlinear dissipation, harmonic generation, and resonant peak shift, all of which are related. The experiments described include: quasistatic stress{minus}strain tests (strains of 10{sup -4}--10{sup -1} at frequencies near dc-1Hz); torsional oscillator experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}7}, frequencies between 0.1 and 100Hz); resonant bar experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}8}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 4} Hz); and dynamic, propagating wave experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}6}--10{sup {minus}9}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 6} Hz). [Work supported by OBES/DOE through the University of California and the Institut Francais du Petrole.

Johnson, P.A. [EES-4, MS D443, Los Alamos Natl. Lab., Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)]|[Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bureau des Mecaniques, Tour 22, 4, Pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Rasolofosaon, P.N.J. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison Cedex (France)

1995-11-01

452

Analyse des interactions energetiques entre un arena et son systeme de refrigeration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La presente these s'inscrit dans le cadre d'un projet strategique sur les arenas finance par le CRSNG (Conseil de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles et en Genie du Canada) qui a pour but principal le developpement d'un outil numerique capable d'estimer et d'optimiser la consommation d'energie dans les arenas et curlings. Notre travail s'inscrit comme une suite a un travail deja realise par DAOUD et coll. (2006, 2007) qui a developpe un modele 3D (AIM) en regime transitoire de l'arena Camilien Houde a Montreal et qui calcule les flux de chaleur a travers l'enveloppe du batiment ainsi que les distributions de temperatures et d'humidite durant une annee meteorologique typique. En particulier, il calcule les flux de chaleur a travers la couche de glace dus a la convection, la radiation et la condensation. Dans un premier temps nous avons developpe un modele de la structure sous la glace (BIM) qui tient compte de sa geometrie 3D, des differentes couches, de l'effet transitoire, des gains de chaleur du sol en dessous et autour de l'arena etudie ainsi que de la temperature d'entree de la saumure dans la dalle de beton. Par la suite le BIM a ete couple le AIM. Dans la deuxieme etape, nous avons developpe un modele du systeme de refrigeration (REFSYS) en regime quasi-permanent pour l'arena etudie sur la base d'une combinaison de relations thermodynamiques, de correlations de transfert de chaleur et de relations elaborees a partir de donnees disponibles dans le catalogue du manufacturier. Enfin le couplage final entre l'AIM +BIM et le REFSYS a ete effectue sous l'interface du logiciel TRNSYS. Plusieurs etudes parametriques on ete entreprises pour evaluer les effets du climat, de la temperature de la saumure, de l'epaisseur de la glace, etc. sur la consommation energetique de l'arena. Aussi, quelques strategies pour diminuer cette consommation ont ete etudiees. Le considerable potentiel de recuperation de chaleur au niveau des condenseurs qui peut reduire l'energie requise par le systeme de ventilation de l'arena a ete mis en evidence. Mots cles. Arena, Systeme de refrigeration, Consommation d'energie, Efficacite energetique, Conduction au sol, Performance annuelle.

Seghouani, Lotfi

453

Analyse des transferts de chaleur et de masse transitoires dans un arena a l'aide de la methode zonale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cette these presente les resultats d'une etude sur le mouvement de l'air et les transferts thermiques et massiques dans les arenas en regime transitoire et en 3D. Pour la partie aeraulique, il a ete question de developper un modele base sur la methode zonale qui permet de calculer les debits de l'air (dus a la ventilation et aux gradients de temperature) et de l'humidite entre les differentes zones du batiment et de determiner l'age de l'air dans chacune des zones. Pour la partie thermique, un modele de calcul du rayonnement entre les surfaces interieures du batiment qui a ete couple a TRNSYS afin de calculer sur une base annuelle les charges de chauffage et de refrigeration; ces dernieres tiennent compte des transferts radiatif et convectif, de la chaleur latente due a la condensation de l'humidite sur la glace et du surfacage. Le document presente est constitue de 7 chapitres qui peuvent etre resumes comme suit: Les chapitres 1, 2 et 3 sont consacres respectivement: a l'introduction generale, a la revue bibliographique et a la description du batiment modelise. Le chapitre 4 decrit l'approche developpee et la contribution importante qui y est apportee. Il presente l'utilisation de la methode zonale comme une alternative pratique aux methodes CFD car elle permet de realiser des simulations dynamiques sur une annee avec des temps de simulation tres courts et une precision acceptable. Il s'agit d'une approche intermediaire entre les modeles CFD et les modeles a un noeud d'air (considerant la temperature homogene dans un local). Le chapitre 5 est consacre a la methode de resolution numerique. L'outil de simulation a ete developpe en utilisant l'interface du logiciel TRNSYS: Le type 56 de ce logiciel a ete adopte comme modele energetique tandis que les autres modeles ont ete developpes et programmes en utilisant le logiciel MATLAB. Le chapitre 6 presente les resultats de simulation pour un arena sans faux plafond et avec un faux plafond et les resultats de mesures effectuees a l'arena de Camilien Houde pour la validation de son modele. Le chapitre 7 est consacre a l'etude de l'influence de certains parametres sur la charge thermique transmise a la glace et sur le confort thermique des spectateurs.

Daoud, Ahmed

454

Effets des electrons secondaires sur l'ADN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les interactions des electrons de basse energie (EBE) representent un element important en sciences des radiations, particulierement, les sequences se produisant immediatement apres l'interaction de la radiation ionisante avec le milieu biologique. Il est bien connu que lorsque ces radiations deposent leur energie dans la cellule, elles produisent un grand nombre d'electrons secondaires (4 x 104/MeV), qui sont crees le long de la trace avec des energies cinetiques initiales bien inferieures a 20 eV. Cependant, il n'y a jamais eu de mesures directes demontrant l'interaction de ces electrons de tres basse energie avec l'ADN, du principalement aux difficultes experimentales imposees par la complexite du milieu biologique. Dans notre laboratoire, les dernieres annees ont ete consacrees a l'etude des phenomenes fondamentaux induits par impact des EBE sur differentes molecules simples (e.g., N2, CO, O2, H2O, NO, C2H 4, C6H6, C2H12) et quelques molecules complexes dans leur phase solide. D'autres travaux effectues recemment sur des bases de l'ADN et des oligonucleotides ont montre que les EBE produisent des bris moleculaires sur les biomolecules. Ces travaux nous ont permis d'elaborer des techniques pour mettre en evidence et comprendre les interactions fondamentales des EBE avec des molecules d'interet biologique, afin d'atteindre notre objectif majeur d'etudier l'effet direct de ces particules sur la molecule d'ADN. Les techniques de sciences des surfaces developpees et utilisees dans les etudes precitees peuvent etre etendues et combinees avec des methodes classiques de biologie pour etudier les dommages de l'ADN induits par l'impact des EBE. Nos experiences ont montre l'efficacite des electrons de 3--20 eV a induire des coupures simple et double brins dans l'ADN. Pour des energies inferieures a 15 eV, ces coupures sont induites par la localisation temporaire d'un electron sur une unite moleculaire de l'ADN, ce qui engendre la formation d'un ion negatif transitoire dans un etat electronique dissociatif, cette localisation est suivie d'une fragmentation. A plus haute energie, la dissociation dipolaire (i.e., la formation simultanee d'un ion positif et negatif) et l'ionisation jouent un role important dans le dommage de l'ADN. L'ensemble de nos resultats permet d'expliquer les mecanismes de degradation de l'ADN par les EBE et d'obtenir des sections efficaces effectives des differents types de dommages.

Boudaiffa, Badia

455

Motivational beliefs, cognitive engagement, and achievement in language and mathematics in elementary school children.  

PubMed

The contextual differences in the patterns of relations among various motivational, cognitive, and metacognitive components of self-regulated learning and performance in two key curriculum subject areas, language and mathematics, were examined in a sample of 263 Greek primary school children of fifth- and sixth-grade classrooms. Age and gender differences were also investigated. Students were asked to complete the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ), which comprised five factors: (a) Self-efficacy, (b) Intrinsic Value, (c) Test Anxiety, (d) Cognitive Strategy Use, and (e) Self-regulation Strategies. They responded to the statements of the questionnaire on a 7-point Likert scale in terms of their behaviour in mathematics and language classes, respectively. Moreover, their teachers were asked to evaluate each of their students' academic achievement in Greek language and mathematics on a 1- to 20-point comparative scale in relation to the rest of the class. The results of the study indicated very few differences in the pattern of relations among self-regulated components within and across the two subject areas and at the same time revealed a context-specific character of self-regulated components at a mean level differences. Further, the current study (a) confirmed the mediatory role of strategies in the motivation-performance relation, (b) stressed the differential role of cognitive and regulatory strategies in predicting performance in subject areas that differ in their structural characteristics of the content, and (c) pointed out the key motivational role of self-efficacy. In fact, self-efficacy proved the most significant predictor not only of performance but of cognitive and regulatory strategy use as well. Gender differences in motivation and strategy use were not reported, while motivation was found to vary mainly with age. The usefulness of these findings for promoting greater clarity among motivational and metacognitive frameworks and ideas for future research are discussed. Cette étude porte sur les différences contextuelles dans les patrons relationnels entre les diverses composantes motivationnelle, cognitive et métacognitive de l'apprentissage et de la performance auto-régulés dans deux domaines d'étude clé du programme, soit la langue et les mathématiques. Ces différences contextuelles ont été examinées dans un échantillon de 263 d'enfants d'une école primaire grecque (of) en cinquième et sixième année. Les différences sexuelles et les différences d'âge ont été aussi étudiées. Les élèves ont été priés de compléter le «Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire» (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ) qui comprend cinq facteurs: (a) l'auto-efficacité, (b) la valeur intrinsèque, (c) un test d'anxiété, (d) l'utilisation d'une stratégie cognitive et (e) les stratégies d'auto-régulation. Ils ont répondu aux énoncés du questionnaire sur une échelle de type Likert à 7 points en termes de leur comportement en classe de langue et en classe de mathématiques séparément. De plus, les enseignants ont été priés d'évaluer chaque résultat de leurs élèves dans la langue grecque et en mathématique sur une échelle allant de 1 à 20 points en comparaison au reste de la classe. Les résultats de l'étude ont indiqué très peu de différences dans les patrons relationnels entre les composantes auto-régulées à l'intérieur et entre les domaines d'étude. En même temps, les résultats ont révélé un caractère contextuel spécifique des composantes auto-regulées. De plus, la présente étude (a) a confirmé le rôle médiateur des stratégies dans la relation motivation-performance, (b) a souligné le rôle différé des stratégies cognitive et régulatoire dans la prédiction de la performance dans les domaines d'étude qui diffèrent dans leurs caractéristiques structurelles du contenu et (c) a souligné le rôle motivationnel clé de l'auto-efficacité. En effet, l'auto-efficacité s'est avérée être le prédicteur le plus sign

Metallidou, Panagiota; Vlachou, Anastasia

2007-02-01

456

Application of IAPAC fuel injection for low emissions small two-stroke engines  

SciTech Connect

The implementation of the Institut Francais du Petrole developed Compressed Air Assisted Fuel Injection Process (named IAPAC) in a two-stroke engine allows the introduction of the fuel separately from the scavenging air, which in consequence minimizes fuel short-circuiting. The inherent mechanical principle of the IAPAC process which uses the crankcase compressed air to finely atomize the fuel, provides the advantages of direct injection but in addition uses conventional low pressure automotive type injection technology with commercially available gasoline injectors. In earlier work the authors showed an example of the application of this fuel injection technology to a PIAGGIO single cylinder 125 cc scooter two-stroke engine. In this paper, an update of the results obtained with this new engine is presented and confirms the ultra-low emissions capability for two-wheeler application. This technology is also used with other IAPAC 2-stroke engines of various size and displacement to demonstrate how the application of IAPAC to marine outboard 2-stroke engines, is a good answer face to the new environmental regulations. The EPA 2006 regulation can easily be met over the whole outboard engine power range with associated significant fuel economy benefits. The Bodensee stage 1 regulation can be met without catalyst, while the addition of a catalyst (at least for the medium to the high engine power range) will be necessary to meet the Bodensee stage 2 regulation. It has already been reported in the previous work how careful attention has been paid to ensure that the IAPAC sn,stem remains mechanically simple and keep the additional cost as low as possible. Finally, a brief cost impact analysis of a conversion of conventional 2-stroke engine to IAPAC is here presented. The ways of possible further cost reduction are also discussed.

Duret, P.; Dabadie, J.C.; Colliou, T. [Inst. Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

1995-12-31

457

Basin evaluation in deltaic series using 2-D numerical modeling a comparison of Mahakam delta and south Louisiana/Gulf of Mexico case histories  

SciTech Connect

Integrated numerical modeling of petroleum, generation and migration is difficult to apply in deltaic series. Using Institut Francais du Petrole's two-dimensional model TEMISPACK, we tried to simulate the petroleum history along a 70 km long east-west regional section in the Mahakam delta (Indonesia) and a 800 km long north-south section in south Louisiana/Gulf of Mexico. The two basins contain thick (>10 km) accumulations of the post middle miocene. The principal results are as follows (1) Both basins have similar overpressure profiles caused by thick shales with nano-darcy permeabilities. Compaction, not oil or gas generation, controls the overpressure histories. (2) In both basins, the thermal history is dominated by burial rate, thermal blanketing, and undercompaction. Basinward increases in thermal gradients are probably due to basinward increases in shale content and undercompaction, rather than geodynamic processes. (3) We used an upscaling procedure to define sedimentary facies and properties for each cell in the models. In both cases, we found a huge permeability anisotropy of interbedded facies was necessary to match observed pressure profiles and hydrocarbon distributions. This anisotropy results in a dominant [open quotes]parallel-to-bedding[close quotes] migration pattern, with only a moderate (<0.5 km) vertical migration component. (4) A fundamental difference between the Mahakam and the Gulf coast petroleum systems is the hole of growth faults. In the Gulf Coast, huge growth faults connect deep overpressured, overmature Tertiary source facies with shallow, interbedded sandy reservoirs. Enhanced vertical permeability in the vicinity of these fault zones allows for several kilometers of vertical migration. In the Mahakam delta, where growth faults are less prevalent, deep overpressured shales have very poor expulsion efficiency; gas and oil in shallow reservoirs are shown to be fed mostly by coals located above, and not within, the overpressured zone.

Burrus, J. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaoison (France)); De Choppin, J.G.; Grosjean, J.L.; Oudin, J.L. (TOTAL, Paris la Defense (France)); Schwarzer, T. (Exxon Exploration Company, Houston, TX (United States)); Schroeder, F.; Lander, R. (Exxon Production Research, Houston, TX (United States))

1993-09-01

458

Heterogeneities and geometry of sedimentary bodies in a fluvio-deltaic reservoir  

SciTech Connect

This paper gives the initial results of a two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) geological study that aimed at describing reservoir heterogeneities. This study serves as a basis for the conditional simulation of the geometry of a fluvio-deltaic reservoir presented in a companion paper. These two studies should solve the difficult problems of interpolating between wells and thereby the problem of forecasting the extension of sedimentary bodies. The research is being carried out by Inst. Francais du Petrole and Center of Geostatistics, Paris School of Mines. The study was made in the middle Jurassic in Yorkshore, which is very similar to the Brent formation in the North Sea. In the 2D phase, an outcrop consisting of a 1-km (0.6-mile) -long and approximately 30-m (100-ft) -high cliff was described with a photogeological interpretation. The sedimentological representation was carried out by means of several vertical cross sections. In the 3D phase, 36 boreholes were continuously cored and logged behind the cliff over an area of 1 km/sup 2/ (0.4 sq miles). The boreholes were about 300 m (985 ft) apart except in one grid where the distance was progressively reduced to 20 m (66 ft). This phase was designed to follow the evolution of the sedimentary bodies and their physical properties and to compare the correlation that could have been made (1) with fewer boreholes and (2) without the existence of the cliff. These studies provide new tools for understanding and describing the shape and heterogeneities of a reservoir.

Ravenne, C.; Eschard, R.; Mathieu, Y.; Montadert, L.; Rudkiewicz, J.L.; Galli, A.

1989-06-01

459

The 1994 EUROMET collection of micrometeorites at Cap-Prudhomme, Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advance funding from IFRTP (Institut Francais pour la Recherche et pour la Technique Polaire) for micrometeorite collection at Cap-Prudhomme has allowed construction of a new micrometeorite 'factory,' conceived to greatly reduce contamination of the ultraclean ice by our activities. The potential problems include fly ash, rust grains, fuel spills 'sticking to the shoes,' and trace elements from the plasticizers used in plastic tubing. In the new factory, intended to produce and then cycle 10-15 tons of melt ice water per day, all parts exposed to water were replaced by either stainless steel or teflon. After examination with a microscope and their transfer into teflon and or glass vials, all samples were frozen the day of their collection. The factory operated from December 15, 1993, through February 6, 1994. Problems included injuries as well as very bad weather conditions, characterized by both the heaviest snow falls observed and unexpected gusts from a blizzard. Also, several new components of the factory did not function properly under the extreme conditions of Antarctica. Our major objective was to obtain the 'cleanest' and 'purest' 25-50 microns micrometeorites ever collected in Antarctica, for comparison with stratospheric Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs). We could not fulfill this premise, but we recovered the best 100-400-micron-size fraction of 'giant' micrometeorites ever collected on Earth. Our 26 daily collections are listed,refering to an 'index of quality.' Aliquots of these daily collections will be distributed to major institutions in Austria, England, the U.S.A., and Japan, to be preserved for future generations. The Antarctica ice sheet is truly a gigantic, ultraclean, and inexhaustible micrometeorite collector, but it is very tricky to recover 'ultraclean' micrometeorites from it.

Maurette, M.; Immel, G.; Engrand, C.; Kurat, G.; Pillinger, C. T.

1994-07-01

460

Ulc?rations buccales et p?ri-anales: un mode de r?v?lation inhabituel d'une granulomatose avec polyang?ite - ? propos d'un cas  

PubMed Central

La granulomatose avec polyangéite, est une vascularite systémique rare qui touche avec prédilection les voies aériennes supérieures, les poumons et les reins. L'atteinte cutanéo-muqueuse ainsi que l'atteinte digestive ne sont pas inhabituelles mais elles sont rarement inaugurales de la maladie. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une femme âgée de 57 ans, ayant une granulomatose avec polyangéite multi-systémique avec comme premières manifestations une atteinte cutanéo-muqueuse à type de nécrose de la langue et d'ulcérations péri-anales ainsi que des rectorragies. La présence de signes radiologiques orientant vers une hémmorragie intra-alvéolaire, l'atteinte rénale, l'atteinte neurologique périphérique ainsi que la positivité des C-ANCA de type anti-PR3 ont permis de rattacher les manifestations dermatologiques à cette vascularite. Des manifestations cutanéo-muqueuses atypiques, au cours d'une granulomateuse avec polyangéite, doivent être connues par le clinicien pour un diagnostic et une prise en charge adéquate.

Jaafoura, Neirouz Ghannouchi; Thaljaoui, Wathek; Atig, Amira; Bouker, Ahmed; Khalifa, Mabrouk; Bahri, Fathi

2014-01-01

461

Une version qu?b?coise du Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2)--Outil d'?valuation des commotions c?r?brales dans le sport 2 : Qu?bec (SCAT2-Qc)  

PubMed Central

RÉSUMÉ Objectif : traduire le Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) dans la langue française parlée au Québec et en vérifier l'acceptabilité pour la population québécoise francophone. Méthodologie : le processus de traduction de la version originale du SCAT2 a fait appel à une variante de la méthode de traduction et d'adaptation d'outils proposée par l'Organisation mondiale de la santé. Une traduction parallèle a d'abord été réalisée. Ensuite, un comité a révisé cette traduction parallèle dans le but de produire une version préliminaire du SCAT2-Qc. Puis, on a procédé à une rétrotraduction parallèle, que l'on a comparée à la version originale. La version préliminaire a été modifiée. Pour parvenir à la version finale, on a intégré les suggestions et les commentaires formulés par deux sujets sains lors de l'essai de l'outil, et lors de la comparaison du SCAT2-Qc à la version française existante par trois réviseurs du domaine de la santé. On a ensuite testé la version finale du SCAT2-Qc auprès de douze sujets sains pour en vérifier l'acceptabilité. Résultats : les douze sujets sains n'ont eu aucun problème de compréhension en utilisant le SCAT2-Qc. Conclusion : les différentes étapes de traduction ont permis de créer le SCAT2-Qc. Son contenu ayant été validé, il peut à présent être utilisé dans le milieu sportif et scientifique québécois. PMID:24396168

Boyd, Jami; Boyer-Remillard, Marie-Eve; Pilon-Piquette, Michael; McKinley, Patricia

2013-01-01

462

Biostereometrics In Art  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Desuis mon enfance je suis un type soidisant visuel. Cette deviation etait toujours profitable pour moi, pour le clinicien , ainsi que pour le rechercheur scientifique.I1 y a trente ans, que dans l'Atlas Radioanatomique du Thorax nous avons deja utilis6 la conception de trois dimensions. Dans les derni6res edition de cet ouvrage nous avons travaille mke avec la guatrieme, le temps facteur. DePuis cette 6poque-la je me suis ori-en-be vers les quatre dimensions, vers les mouvements dans l'espace et le temps. -:tudiant les mouvements,les mouvements ventilatoires mesure par photogrammetrie le tronc humain.En projetant sur la surface du tronc un reseau quadratique, on pent compter de 3oo-400 points d'information, si un carre est 2 This 2 cm. Simultanement on pent ainsi contraler les deplacement relatifs des differents points. Travaillant avec seriophotographie et ces dernieres annees avec Video, nous avons des documents cDntinuellement en trois dimensions sun la position actuelle en espace de notre modele.On pent mesurer, reproduire la position momentan6e du sujet d'une frequence et dans la quantite desiree. Par exemple on peut les reproduire, une a une, comme une sculpture, en domontrant les changements d'un tronc humain pendant les mouvements respiratoires, comme nous avions fait en 1969 avec le sculpteur Istvan Bencsik en realisant nos differents modeles en inspiration et expiration.flais thooriquement on pent construire tant de sculptures qu'on vent entre les deux positions extremes.La methode est tres utilisable pour l'observation des mouvements sportifs on artistiques, comme le ballet par exemple. / Figure 1./ En etudiant en plusieures series la morphometrie des mouvements respiratoires on pent acquerir une certain experience, qui concerne la phase de respiration, on se trouve un corps humain sculpte, dessine on peint. Come le mimique d'un visage explkue toujours l'6tat affectif d'un individu, le corps humain peut expliquer tart des chases entre les mains d'un artiste doue. Liais nous retournerons encore a cet argument. Avec un objet d'art l'artiste registe un seul moment dune serie de mouvements de son sujet, spit en deux dimensions, s'il est peintre on graveur , dessinateur etc., spit en trois dimensions s'il est sculpteur.i:algre cela , il y a beaucoup d'oeuvresd'art dyna-miques, qui donnent l'impression de mouvement.On pent produire cet effetavec la ROMDOSi-tion des mouvements non simultanees , comme par exemple sur les tableaux de XIX 'si8cle representant des concours hyppiques, on les extremit-ees des chevaux sort distandue an maximum en avant et en arriere; c'est un mode de galop inexistant, mais malgr6, qu'il est faux, it suggere la vitesse.

Ferenc, Kovats

1986-07-01

463

Effet Hall et Magnetisme des Alliages Amorphes Nickel-Zirconium Fabriques Par Pulverisation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cette these se situe dans le cadre d'une etude des proprietes electroniques et structurales des alliages metalliques amorphes, en cours depuis quelques annees a l'Universite de Montreal. Ce programme nous a entre autres amene a caracteriser la magnetoresistivite et l'effet Hall d'alliages FeZr, CoZr et NiZr, ce qui a permis de mettre en evidence deux caracteristiques de l'effet Hall: Dans les alliages amorphes ferromagnetiques, la resistivite elevee engendre un effet Hall extraordinaire beaucoup plus important que celui enregistre dans les metaux cristallins. La polarisation des spins entrai ne une asymetrie de la diffusion qui, tant dans les phases cristalline et amorphe, est tenue responsable de cette contribution. L'autre particularite du comportement de Hall de ces systemes est le renversement de signe du coefficient de Hall ordinaire, qui passe du negatif au positif dans les echantillons plus riches en zirconium. Dans les metaux cristallins, un modele d'electrons libres predit un signe negatif a moins que la conduction ne soit dominee par les trous. Or, dans un milieu desordonne les memes concepts sont difficilement applicables et de nouvelles theories ont du etre elaborees pour expliquer ce phenomene. Jusqu'a maintenant, l'etude des alliages amorphes nickel-zirconium s'est faite surtout a partir d'echantillons fabriques par trempe sur roue. Malheureusement cette technique ne permet pas la fabrication d'alliages contenant plus de 70% de nickel, a l'exception du seul compose Ni _{90}Zr_{10 }. Pour pallier a cette lacune et etendre nos connaissance a l'ensemble de la gamme de compositions, nous avons fabrique par pulverisation cathodique des echantillons NiZr amorphes--et quelques alliages cristallins tres riches en nickel--couvrant une bonne partie de la gamme interdite par la technique de trempe sur roue. Dans un premier temps, par comparaison avec les resultats connus nous avons mis en evidence les similitudes et les differences entre les alliages obtenus par l'une et l'autre methode de fabrication. Il s'avere que le comportement intrinseque n'est pas different, mais que les echantillons pulverises sont plus sensibles a certaines anomalies de la structure que nous avons relevees et tente d'expliquer. L'etude des echantillons paramagnetiques permet de verifier que dans ces alliages le comportement de l'effet Hall apparent est la somme des contributions ordinaire, consequence de la force de Lorentz, et extraordinaire, etant donnee la tres forte valeur de coefficient de Hall extraordinaire notee dans ces systemes. Dans les alliages ferromagnetiques, l'etude systematique de l'aimantation en fonction de la temperature et de la composition est menee par le biais de la mesure de la resistivite de Hall. Elle permet de definir les principaux parametres magnetiques--temperature de Curie et aimantation--et de mettre en evidence le caractere itinerant du magnetisme et la contribution des fluctuations de spins. Ces mesures de resistivite de Hall dans les amorphes ferromagnetiques mettent aussi en lumiere un effet Hall extraordinaire qui se superpose a un effet Hall ordinaire semblable en grandeur a celui des cristallins. Il appert aussi que l'effet Hall extraordinaire est l'effet dominant, y compris qu dessus de la temperature de Curie. Cette etude du comportement de Hall et de quelques proprietes magnetiques des alliages amorphes NiZr contenant plus de 70% de nickel nous a donc permis de verifier que malgre la faible aimantation l'effet Hall extraordinaire est l'effet dominant, que l'effet Hall ordinaire est semblable a celui trouve dans les cristallins, et que l'ensemble de ces manifestations pouvait etre explique sans faire appel aux modeles quantiques.

Morel, Robert

464

Feedback on the use of the MX6 Mox Fuel transport cask: reduction of the dose uptake during operations  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of the quality, safety and environment policy of AREVA, TN International has implemented a global management system according to ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001 requirements with certification obtained from third part organization (1). The design of the MX6 cask is an example of the implementation of this system in order to guarantee safety and the health of everyone involved and the protection of the environment. The MX6 design has allowed ALARA dose rates for the workers during all the phases of use of the cask, to be significantly reduced compared to previous design. The MX6 cask was developed by TN International for the transport of either BWR or PWR fresh MOX fuel assemblies. Replacing the previous SIEMENS type III and SIEMENS BWR packaging, the MX6 has been firstly used in the German Nuclear Power Plants. Complying with the TS-R-1 (IAEA 1996) regulations, the MX6 cask is based on innovative solutions implemented at each step of the design and the manufacturing. Its design includes an efficient neutron shielding for high Plutonium content and an easy use content restraining system. The large payload of the MX6 cask, 6 PWR MOX fuel assemblies or 16 BWR MOX fuel assemblies, minimizes the doses uptake during its unloading at the NPP. Moreover, new sequences of loading and unloading operations were proposed for testing and implementation in each Nuclear Facility. Concurrently, total dose uptakes by the operators were assessed in order to prove the efficiency of the packaging and the proposed sequences. In this paper, the main contributors to the transports to Germany with the MX6 cask will present their involvement and feedback for the reduction of the dose uptakes by the operators during the loading and unloading operations. Presently in use at GUNDREMMINGEN and ISAR Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs), the MX6 cask use will be extended to other German and Swiss NPPs from 2006 onwards. (1) AFAQ-AFNOR Certification for ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001, and CEFRI (Comite francais de certification des Entreprises pour la formation et le suivi du personnel travaillant sous Rayonnements Ionisants) certification in the health physics field according to its E specification. (authors)

Blachet, L.; Lallemant, Th. [TN International, AREVA Group, 78 - Montigny le Bretonneux (France)

2007-07-01

465

Toxicit? s?rotoninergique r?sultant d'une interaction m?dicamenteuse entre le bleu de m?thyl?ne et les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la s?rotonine  

PubMed Central

RÉSUMÉ Contexte : Le bleu de méthylène est employé en pratique pour diverses raisons médicales. Des données récentes ont évoqué une interaction potentielle avec les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la sérotonine, pouvant conduire à une toxicité sérotoninergique. Objectif : Décrire le risque de toxicité sérotoninergique associé à l’interaction entre le bleu de méthylène et les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la sérotonine. Sources de l’information : Les publications pertinentes ont été ciblées systématiquement au moyen des moteurs de recherche MEDLINE (1946 au 21 mars 2013) et Embase (1974 à 2013, semaine 11) en utilisant les mots clés suivants : methylene blue, methylthioninium, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, serotonin reuptake inhibitors et serotonin syndrome. Aucune restriction touchant l’indication du bleu de méthylène ou la langue n’a été appliquée. Les références des publications ont également été analysées. Sélection des études et extraction des données : Dix-huit études de cas et deux séries de cas systématiques ont été sélectionnées. Aucune étude clinique aléatoire n’a encore été publiée. Synthèse des résultats : La première étude de cas à avoir soupçonné une interaction entre le bleu de méthylène et les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la sérotonine est parue en 2003. Dix-sept autres études de cas décrivant le même type d’interaction ont par la suite été rapportées. Les deux séries de cas ont regroupé les données de quelques 325 parathyroïdectomies où le bleu de méthylène avait été employé comme agent colorant. Les 17 patients qui ont présenté une toxicité du système nerveux central prenaient tous en période préopératoire des inhibiteurs de recapture de la sérotonine. Conclusion : Lorsqu’il est administré en concomitance avec des inhibiteurs de recapture de la sérotonine, le bleu de méthylène peut conduire à une toxicité sérotoninergique à une dose aussi faible que 0,7 mg/kg. En effet, il posséderait des propriétés inhibitrices de la monoamine oxidase A. Des précautions doivent être prises pour éviter cette interaction. PMID:23950608

Charbonneau, Annie

2013-01-01

466

A Guide to Axial-Flow Turbine Off-Design Computer Program AXOD2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Users Guide for the axial flow turbine off-design computer program AXOD2 is composed in this paper. This Users Guide is supplementary to the original Users Manual of AXOD. Three notable contributions of AXOD2 to its predecessor AXOD, both in the context of the Guide or in the functionality of the code, are described and discussed in length. These are: 1) a rational representation of the mathematical principles applied, with concise descriptions of the formulas implemented in the actual coding. Their physical implications are addressed; 2) the creation and documentation of an Addendum Listing of input namelist-parameters unique to AXOD2, that differ from or are in addition to the original input-namelists given in the Manual of AXOD. Their usages are discussed; and 3) the institution of proper stoppages of the code execution, encoding termination messaging and error messages of the execution to AXOD2. These measures are to safe-guard the integrity of the code execution, such that a failure mode encountered during a case-study would not plunge the code execution into indefinite loop, or cause a blow-out of the program execution. Details on these are discussed and illustrated in this paper. Moreover, this computer program has since been reconstructed substantially. Standard FORTRAN Langue was instituted, and the code was formatted in Double Precision (REAL*8). As the result, the code is now suited for use in a local Desktop Computer Environment, is perfectly portable to any Operating System, and can be executed by any FORTRAN compiler equivalent to a FORTRAN 9095 compiler. AXOD2 will be available through NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) Software Repository.

Chen, Shu-Cheng S.

2014-01-01

467

Are laboratory investigations recommended in current medical practice guidelines supported by available evidence?  

PubMed

It has been suggested that evidence-based laboratory medicine (EBLM) could help to improve the pertinence and accuracy of medical guidelines. In order to demonstrate this, we have used an EBLM approach (i.e. a systematic review) to examine three recently published guidelines that gave quite conflicting recommendations regarding the use of laboratory variables in the management of primary non-small cell lung cancer patients. In recommending the routine measurement of serum albumin, and, to a lesser extent, that of serum calcium in the pre-therapeutic prognostic evaluation of the advanced disease, the American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society were probably correct with regard to calcium but perhaps mistaken regarding albumin. Some of the recommendations of the European Group on Tumour Markers regarding the usefulness of routine measurements of tumour markers (carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 125 (CA 125), tissue-polypeptide antigen (TPA)) in the pre- and/or post-therapeutic prognostic evaluation can also be criticised. In addition, the latter society as well as the Société de Pneumologie de Langue Française did not even try to list laboratory variables, others than tumour markers, that would be useful to stratify patients participating in clinical trials (i.e. lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), albumin, calcium, blood cell count, etc.), and the laboratory variables listed by the two former societies were probably not the right ones in this context: in particular LDH and tumour markers (fragments of cytokeratin 19 (Cyfra 21-1), tissue-polypeptide-specific antigen (TPS), neuron-specific enolase (NSE)) were not mentioned. Most, if not all of these discrepancies in the current medical practice guidelines might have been avoided had an EBLM approach been used by the authors. PMID:12005215

Watine, Joseph

2002-03-01

468

EGS Richardson AGU Chapman NVAG3 Conference: Nonlinear Variability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. The conference The third conference on "Nonlinear VAriability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes" (NVAG 3) was held in Cargese, Corsica, Sept. 10-17, 1993. NVAG3 was joint American Geophysical Union Chapman and European Geophysical Society Richardson Memorial conference, the first specialist conference jointly sponsored by the two organizations. It followed NVAG1 (Montreal, Aug. 1986), NVAG2 (Paris, June 1988; Schertzer and Lovejoy, 1991), five consecutive annual sessions at EGS general assemblies and two consecutive spring AGU meeting sessions. As with the other conferences and workshops mentioned above, the aim was to develop confrontation between theories and experiments on scaling/multifractal behaviour of geophysical fields. Subjects covered included climate, clouds, earthquakes, atmospheric and ocean dynamics, tectonics, precipitation, hydrology, the solar cycle and volcanoes. Areas of focus included new methods of data analysis (especially those used for the reliable estimation of multifractal and scaling exponents), as well as their application to rapidly growing data bases from in situ networks and remote sensing. The corresponding modelling, prediction and estimation techniques were also emphasized as were the current debates about stochastic and deterministic dynamics, fractal geometry and multifractals, self-organized criticality and multifractal fields, each of which was the subject of a specific general discussion. The conference started with a one day short course of multifractals featuring four lectures on a) Fundamentals of multifractals: dimension, codimensions, codimension formalism, b) Multifractal estimation techniques: (PDMS, DTM), c) Numerical simulations, Generalized Scale Invariance analysis, d) Advanced multifractals, singular statistics, phase transitions, self-organized criticality and Lie cascades (given by D. Schertzer and S. Lovejoy, detailed course notes were sent to participants shortly after the conference). This was followed by five days with 8 oral sessions and one poster session. Overall, there were 65 papers involving 74 authors. In general, the main topics covered are reflected in this special issue: geophysical turbulence, clouds and climate, hydrology and solid earth geophysics. In addition to AGU and EGS, the conference was supported by the International Science Foundation, the Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique, Meteo-France, the Department of Energy (US), the Commission of European Communities (DG XII), the Comite National Francais pour le Programme Hydrologique International, the Ministere de l'Enseignement Superieur et de la Recherche (France). We thank P. Hubert, Y. Kagan, Ph. Ladoy, A. Lazarev, S.S. Moiseev, R. Pierrehumbert, F. Schmitt and Y. Tessier, for help with the organization of the conference. However special thanks goes to A. Richter and the EGS office, B. Weaver and the AGU without whom this would have been impossible. We also thank the Institut d' Etudes Scientifiques de Cargese whose beautiful site was much appreciated, as well as the Bar des Amis whose ambiance stimulated so many discussions. 2. Tribute to L.F. Richardson With NVAG3, the European geophysical community paid tribute to Lewis Fry Richardson (1881-1953) on the 40th anniversary of his death. Richardson was one of the founding fathers of the idea of scaling and fractality, and his life reflects the European geophysical community and its history in many ways. Although many of Richardson's numerous, outstanding scientific contributions to geophysics have been recognized, perhaps his main contribution concerning the importance of scaling and cascades has still not received the attention it deserves. Richardson was the first not only to suggest numerical integration of the equations of motion of the atmosphere, but also to attempt to do so by hand, during the First World War. This work, as well as a presentation of a broad vision of future developments in the field, appeared in his famous, pioneering book "Weather prediction by numerical processes" (1922). As

Schertzer, D.; Lovejoy, S.

469

From Teacher-at-Sea to Authentic Science in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research has shown that most teachers will teach the way they have been taught, unless a sustainable intervention has taken place. This has the greatest implications for teachers of science, where those who have been taught with inquiry approaches will employ inquiry approaches in their classrooms, and those who have been taught with lecture and note taking will teach primarily using lectures and note taking. If our children are to learn about the nature of science, they need to be taught using constructivist and inquiry methods. A teacher who only uses textbooks and lectures will not create students who can employ critical thinking skills indicative of the nature of science. There is a way to change the way our teachers teach science, and that is by exposing teachers to authentic inquiry. The Teacher at Sea Program sponsored by Institut Polaire Francais (IPEV) created such an opportunity for 4 teachers, who participated in the PACHIDERME deep sea sediment cruise on the R/V Marion Dufresne off the coast of Chile for 3 weeks in February, 2007. While onboard the teachers assisted research scientists from France, Germany, Norway, and Chile in their quest to gather and analyze sediment cores for clues to past climates. The teachers were immersed in the research projects right from the start. They all participated in a "watch" and assisted those on the watch with the processing of the cores, which included properly labeling and packaging each of the core segments. Prior to the packaging, preliminary analysis was done to identify the physical and biological attributes of the core. The scientists gave of their time to coach the teachers not only on the techniques they were using, but also on the process of science. Whether it's working on an unstable platform, coring into the unknown, or adjusting to the weather that Mother Nature brings, the nature and process of science out at sea is complicated. The teachers came to realize this as they sailed in and out of the fjord region and into the open ocean off the coast of Chile, and shared these experiences with colleagues and students from around the world. They sent daily logs via email, sent pictures, and answered questions sent by teachers and students from Europe, the United States, and Chile. Students kept journals as they followed the daily events of the teachers at sea. A powerpoint presentation documenting the scientific endeavors of the cruise was created and is being used by many teachers as a tool to show how scientific research is done at sea. Was this cruise effective in changing the teaching styles of those teachers on board? The teachers observed how scientists generate questions, propose study plans, and employ creative methods to answer those questions. Having witnessed the nature and process first hand, these teachers reassessed their teaching styles for scientific validity. They are employing a greater number of open/full inquiry projects where the students are constructing and seeking to answer their own questions. These students will leave their classes knowing about the challenges of doing science, and the excitement in doing science. Whether it's out at sea, in the field, or in a lab, the participation of teachers in authentic inquiry is the best way to ensure our students are participating in authentic inquiry.

Holzer, M. A.; Laj, C.

2007-12-01

470

Une alternative au cobalt pour la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi par plasma inductif thermique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les nanotubes de carbone de type monoparoi (C-SWNT) sont une classe recente de nanomateriaux qui ont fait leur apparition en 1991. L'interet qu'on leur accorde provient des nombreuses proprietes d'avant-plan qu'ils possedent. Leur resistance mecanique serait des plus rigide, tout comme ils peuvent conduire l'electricite et la chaleur d'une maniere inegalee. Non moins, les C-SWNT promettent de devenir une nouvelle classe de plateforme moleculaire, en servant de site d'attache pour des groupements reactifs. Les promesses de ce type particulier de nanomateriau sont nombreuses, la question aujourd'hui est de comment les realiser. La technologie de synthese par plasma inductif thermique se situe avantageusement pour la qualite de ses produits, sa productivite et les faibles couts d'operation. Par contre, des recherches recentes ont permis de mettre en lumiere des risques d'expositions reliees a l'utilisation du cobalt, comme catalyseur de synthese; son elimination ou bien son remplacement est devenu une preoccupation importante. Quatre recettes alternatives ont ete mises a l'essai afin de trouver une alternative plus securitaire a la recette de base; un melange catalytique ternaire, compose de nickel, de cobalt et d'oxyde d'yttrium. La premiere consiste essentiellement a remplacer la proportion massique de cobalt par du nickel, qui etait deja present dans la recette de base. Les trois options suivantes contiennent de nouveaux catalyseurs, en remplacement au Co, qui sont apparus dans plusieurs recherches scientifiques au courant des dernieres annees: le dioxyde de zircone (ZrO2), dioxyde de manganese (MnO2) et le molybdene (Mo). La methode utilisee consiste a vaporiser la matiere premiere, sous forme solide, dans un reacteur plasma a haute frequence (3 MHz) a paroi refroidi. Apres le passage dans le plasma, le systeme traverse une section dite de "croissance", isolee thermiquement a l'aide de graphite, afin de maintenir une certaine plage de temperature favorable a la synthese de C-SWNT. Le produit final est par la suite recolte sur des filtres metalliques poreux, une fois le systeme mis a l'arret. Dans un premier temps, une analyse thermodynamique, calculee avec le logiciel Fact-Sage, a permis de mettre en lumiere l'etat des differentes produits et reactifs, tout au long de leur passage dans le systeme. Elle a permis de reveler la similitude de composition de la phase liquide du melange catalytique ternaire de base, avec celui du melange binaire, avec nickel et oxyde d'yttrium. Par la suite, une analyse du bilan d'energie, a l'aide d'un systeme d'acquisition de donnees, a permis de determiner que les conditions operatoires des cinq echantillons mis a l'essai etaient similaires. Au total, le produit final a ete caracterise a l'aide de six methodes de caracterisations differentes : l'analyse thermogravimetrique, la diffraction de rayons X, la microscopie electronique a balayage a haute resolution (HRSEM), la microscopie electronique a transmission (MET), la spectroscopie RAMAN, ainsi que la mesure de la surface specifique (BET). Les resultats de ces analyses ont permis de constater, de facon coherente, que le melange a base de molybdene etait celui qui produisait la moins bonne qualite de produit. Ensuite, en ordre croissant, s'en suivait du melange a base de MnO2 et de ZrO2. Le melange de reference, a base de cobalt, est au deuxieme rang en matiere de qualite. La palme revient au melange binaire, dont la proportion est double en nickel. Les resultats de ce travail de recherche permettent d'affirmer qu'il existe une alternative performante au cobalt pour effectuer la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi, par plasma inductif thermique. Cette alternative est l'utilisation d'un melange catalytique binaire a base de nickel et d'oxyde d'yttrium. Il est suggere que les performances plus faibles des recettes alternatives, moins performantes, pourraient etre expliquees par le profil thermique fixe du reacteur. Ceci pourrait favoriser certains melanges, au detriment des autres, qui possedent des proprietes thermodynamiqu

Carrier, Jean-Francois