Note: This page contains sample records for the topic annee francais langue from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Dictionnaires du francais langue etrangere (Dictionaries for French as a Second Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the purposes served by native language dictionaries as an introduction to the review of three monolingual French dictionaries for foreigners. Devotes particular attention to the most recent, the "Dictionnaire du francais langue etrangere", published by Larousse. Stresses the characteristics that are considered desirable for this type of…

Gross, Gaston; Ibrahim, Amr

1981-01-01

2

Dictionnaires du francais langue etrangere (Dictionaries for French as a Second Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the purposes served by native language dictionaries as an introduction to the review of three monolingual French dictionaries for foreigners. Devotes particular attention to the most recent, the "Dictionnaire du francais langue etrangere", published by Larousse. Stresses the characteristics that are considered desirable for this type of…

Gross, Gaston; Ibrahim, Amr

1981-01-01

3

Francois. Programme d'etudes par annee scolaire. Francais langue premiere. Troisieme annee (French. Program of Study by School Year. French as a Native Language. Third Year).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report, entirely in French, describes Alberta's curriculum for third-year French native language instruction. An introductory section offers background information on the curriculum's design, links between the core curriculum and French native language instruction, underlying principles of language instruction, the curriculum's objectives and…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

4

Problemes en enseignement fonctionnel des langues (Problems in the Functional Teaching of Languages). Publication B-103.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles include: (1) "L'elaboration du materiel pedagogique pour des publics adultes" (The Elaboration of Teaching Materials for the Adult Public) by G. Painchaud-Leblanc, (2) "L'elaboration d'un programme d'etudes en francais langue seconde a partir des donnees recentes en didactique des langues" (The Elaboration of a Program of Study in French…

Alvarez, Gerardo, Ed.; Huot, Diane, Ed.

5

Problemes en enseignement fonctionnel des langues (Problems in the Functional Teaching of Languages). Publication B-103.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles include: (1) "L'elaboration du materiel pedagogique pour des publics adultes" (The Elaboration of Teaching Materials for the Adult Public) by G. Painchaud-Leblanc, (2) "L'elaboration d'un programme d'etudes en francais langue seconde a partir des donnees recentes en didactique des langues" (The Elaboration of a Program of Study in French…

Alvarez, Gerardo, Ed.; Huot, Diane, Ed.

6

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contains five articles, all in French, reporting research on French second language instruction. "Francophonie et francais langue seconde a l'oral: quel(s) culture(s), quelles methodes?" (Francophony and Spoken French as a Second Language: What Cultures(s), What Method(s) (D. Issa-Sayegh) discusses the content and structure of a university course…

Mahler, M., Ed.; Haillet, P., Ed.

1994-01-01

7

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1991-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of the first two issues of the journal RELIEF. Each issue contains four articles. All articles deal with French second language instruction: (1) "Utiliser la presse ecrite en classe de francais-langue seconde (Using the Print Media in French Second Language Class)" (H. Canto); (2) "Une lecon de grammaire facile a concevoir,…

Haillet, P., Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

8

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains five articles, all in French, reporting research on French second language instruction. "Francophonie et francais langue seconde a l'oral: quel(s) culture(s), quelles methodes?" (Francophony and Spoken French as a Second Language: What Cultures(s), What Method(s) (D. Issa-Sayegh) discusses the content and structure of a university course…

Mahler, M., Ed.; Haillet, P., Ed.

1994-01-01

9

RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1991-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first two issues of the journal RELIEF. Each issue contains four articles. All articles deal with French second language instruction: (1) "Utiliser la presse ecrite en classe de francais-langue seconde (Using the Print Media in French Second Language Class)" (H. Canto); (2) "Une lecon de grammaire facile a concevoir,…

Haillet, P., Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

10

Les emissions de radio et de television en langue francaise pour l'enseignement du francais et pour la diffusion de la culture francaise (French Language Radio and Television Broadcasts for French Language Instruction and for the Diffusion of the French Culture).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a listing of radio and television programs that teach French language and civilization, the result of two worldwide surveys, one conducted by "Le Francais dans le Monde," the other by the French Foreign Affairs Ministry. The programs are listed alphabetically by country and accompanied by a brief description. (MES)|

Thureau, Josiane; Koesten, Leo

1980-01-01

11

French: An Accommodating Language? = Le Francais: Langue D'Accueil?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bilingual book considers recent developments in French attitudes towards language purism, borrowing, and the incursion of English. The book begins with an essay by French sociolinguist Henriette Walter, and most of the following essays are direct responses to her ideas. All chapters are provided in French and English. Chapter titles include…

Wright, Sue, Ed.

12

"Francais Langue Seconde": From Functional Categories to Functionalist Variation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four recent volumes on acquisition of French by different populations cover a range of areas, particularly the development of verbal tense/agreement and nominal gender/concord in first language (L1) acquirers, as opposed to second language (L2) learners; the generalizability of grammatical deficits (e.g. difficulty acquiring parametrized features…

Herschensohn, Julia

2006-01-01

13

French: An Accommodating Language? = Le Francais: Langue D'Accueil?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bilingual book considers recent developments in French attitudes towards language purism, borrowing, and the incursion of English. The book begins with an essay by French sociolinguist Henriette Walter, and most of the following essays are direct responses to her ideas. All chapters are provided in French and English. Chapter titles include…

Wright, Sue, Ed.

14

"Francais Langue Seconde": From Functional Categories to Functionalist Variation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four recent volumes on acquisition of French by different populations cover a range of areas, particularly the development of verbal tense/agreement and nominal gender/concord in first language (L1) acquirers, as opposed to second language (L2) learners; the generalizability of grammatical deficits (e.g. difficulty acquiring parametrized features…

Herschensohn, Julia

2006-01-01

15

Evaluation du programme d'etudes de francais langue seconde en immersion a la 9e annee: La comprehension orale et la production orale, 1990. Rapport Final. (Evaluation of French as a Second Language Study Program for Grade Nine Immersion: Oral Comprehension and Speaking Skills, 1990. Final Report).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An evaluation of Manitoba's French immersion programs at the levels of grades 3, 6, and 9 focused on program effectiveness in teaching listening comprehension and speech skills. The results for grade 9 are presented here. The first section describes the framework of the immersion curriculum and the listening and oral skills targeted in it. The…

Theberge, Raymond

16

Evaluation du programme d'etudes de francais langue seconde en immersion a la 6e annee. La comprehension orale et la production orale, 1990. Rapport Final. (Evaluation of French as a Second Language Study Program for Grade Six Immersion. Oral Comprehension and Speaking Skills, 1990. Final Report).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An evaluation of Manitoba's French immersion programs at the levels of grades 3, 6, and 9 focused on program effectiveness in teaching listening comprehension and speech skills. The results for grade 6 are presented here. The first section describes the framework of the immersion curriculum and the listening and oral skills targeted in it. The…

Theberge, Raymond

17

Le Francais Moderne: Part I, French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Moderne: Part 1" focus on the development of vocabulary and mastery of grammatical structures. The formation of the passe compose with "avoir," object pronouns, the present tense of regular "-ir" verbs, and the irregular verbs…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

18

Le Francais Courant: Part V, French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Courant: Part 5" focus on the development of mastery of the basic numbering system and other grammatical structures. Structures include the formation of the present tense of the irregular verbs "vouloir,""pouvoir," and "venir,"…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

19

Le Francais Moderne: Part I, French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Moderne: Part 1" focus on the development of vocabulary and mastery of grammatical structures. The formation of the passe compose with "avoir," object pronouns, the present tense of regular "-ir" verbs, and the irregular verbs…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

20

Neues "Francais fondamental?" Das Europa-Projekt "Un niveau seuil." (A New "Francais fondamental?" The European Project "A Threshold Level").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The project "Threshold Level," initiated by the Council of Europe in 1976, is compared with "Francais fondamental," comparing their aims and their differences. Offered as an interim statement, the article leaves open the question of whether Francais fondamental should be replaced by the the Threshold Level. (IFS/WGA)|

Raasch, Albert

1978-01-01

21

Neues "Francais fondamental?" Das Europa-Projekt "Un niveau seuil." (A New "Francais fondamental?" The European Project "A Threshold Level").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project "Threshold Level," initiated by the Council of Europe in 1976, is compared with "Francais fondamental," comparing their aims and their differences. Offered as an interim statement, the article leaves open the question of whether Francais fondamental should be replaced by the the Threshold Level. (IFS/WGA)

Raasch, Albert

1978-01-01

22

Les Instituts Francais en Allemagne Federale (The Instituts Francais in the Federal Republic of Germany)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the "Service Culturel" of the French Embassy in Bonn, and the Instituts Francais, which, in 20 West German cities, offer various courses. They are also centers of information, offering various materials for loan, counseling, entertainment, etc. A list of addresses is added. (Text is in French.) (IFS/WGA)|

Tresse, Christian

1975-01-01

23

Les Instituts Francais en Allemagne Federale (The Instituts Francais in the Federal Republic of Germany)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the "Service Culturel" of the French Embassy in Bonn, and the Instituts Francais, which, in 20 West German cities, offer various courses. They are also centers of information, offering various materials for loan, counseling, entertainment, etc. A list of addresses is added. (Text is in French.) (IFS/WGA)

Tresse, Christian

1975-01-01

24

Le francais a Calgary: Making a Program Relevant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New material developed for use in French classrooms in Calgary, Alberta, junior high schools is described. "Le francais a Calgary" is a series of filmstrips and tapes prepared as a supplement to the first fourteen lessons of the course "Voix et Images de France." (Author/PP)|

Jaremko, B.

1974-01-01

25

Le francais a Calgary: Making a Program Relevant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New material developed for use in French classrooms in Calgary, Alberta, junior high schools is described. "Le francais a Calgary" is a series of filmstrips and tapes prepared as a supplement to the first fourteen lessons of the course "Voix et Images de France." (Author/PP)

Jaremko, B.

1974-01-01

26

Making "Wiggle Room" in French as a Second Language/Francais Langue Seconde: Reconfiguring Identity, Language, and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this two-year ethnographic study, I critically examined the problematic nature of the construct French as a Second Language (FSL), drawing specifically from the lived experiences of Canadian youth of Italian origin, participating in a teacher education course to prepare teachers of French. Using discourse analysis of interviews, observations,…

Byrd Clark, Julie

2010-01-01

27

Pour une didactique du francais langue et litterature etrangeres (Toward a Didactic of French Second Language and Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A method of second-language instruction that acknowledges and reinforces the connection between ordinary and artistic uses of language is discussed. The theory, rationale, methods, and some sample activities for the approach are outlined. (MSE)|

Oriol-Boyer, Claudette

1990-01-01

28

Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee. Complete Set, January 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Alberta (Canada) Department of Education issues "Grade 12 Diploma Examinations" for various disciplines every six months (dated January and June of each year). Except for the English and Francais examinations (which are issued only in their own language), the examinations are issued in an English edition and a French edition. The eight…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

29

The Language Laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne of the University of Lausanne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a description of the materials developed for the language laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne at the University of Lausanne. The tapes are designed to deal specifically with French phonetics, grammar, and lexicon. (AM)|

Guex, Andre

1974-01-01

30

The Language Laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne of the University of Lausanne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a description of the materials developed for the language laboratory of the Ecole de Francais Moderne at the University of Lausanne. The tapes are designed to deal specifically with French phonetics, grammar, and lexicon. (AM)

Guex, Andre

1974-01-01

31

Un Exemple d'approche notionelle dans le cadre du francais fondamental (An Example of a Conceptual Approach within the Framework of "Le Francais fondamental")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An inventory of grammatical and lexical units expressing the notion of place in "Le Francais fondamental," Level One. Interrelationships are discussed from the point of view of vocabulary patterns and syntax. There are numerous tables and examples of interrelated verbs, adverbs, nouns, and prepositions. (Text is in French.) (AMH)|

Combe-McBride, Nicole

1977-01-01

32

Un Exemple d'approche notionelle dans le cadre du francais fondamental (An Example of a Conceptual Approach within the Framework of "Le Francais fondamental")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inventory of grammatical and lexical units expressing the notion of place in "Le Francais fondamental," Level One. Interrelationships are discussed from the point of view of vocabulary patterns and syntax. There are numerous tables and examples of interrelated verbs, adverbs, nouns, and prepositions. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Combe-McBride, Nicole

1977-01-01

33

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie A: Composition (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part A: Composition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the composition component of the January 1988 tests. Divided into three essay questions for a total writing time of 2.5 hours duration, parts one and two of the test require…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

34

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee, Langue et Litterature 30. Partie A: Composition (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part A: Composition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the composition component of the January 1987 tests. Divided into three essay questions for a total writing time of two and one-half hours duration, parts one and two of the test…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

35

Contacts de langues et representations (Language Contacts and Representations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Essays on language contact and the image of language, entirely in French, include: "Representations 'du' contexte et representations 'en' contexte? Eleves et enseignants face a l'apprentissage de la langue" ("Representations 'of' Context or Representations 'in' Context? Students and Teachers Facing Language Learning" (Laurent Gajo); "Le…

Matthey, Marinette, Ed.

1997-01-01

36

"Le Francais Des Affaires": At the Crossroads of US/EU Trade and Language Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the need to enhance United States/European Union (EU) commercial and educational cooperation. Differences between US and EU language and trade policies are explored and the importance of plurilingualism in the global economy is examined. The role of the French Language, especially "Le francais des affaires," in facilitating access to…

Finel-Honigman, Irene

1997-01-01

37

Le "Francais Populaire" and French as a Second Language: A Comparative Study of Language Simplification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The French of English speaking students of French as a second language is compared with "francais populaire" (FP) in order to determine similarities in their tendency toward simplified grammar and morphology. Simplifying characteristics that are typical of FP were obtained from French working class sources, while simplification patterns of French…

Kenemer, Virginia Lynn

38

The Lycee Francais in New York: A Showcase for the French-Speaking Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In New York they say that the architecture of the new "Lycee francais" (serving French students from kindergarten through upper secondary education) was inspired by the rationalism of Descartes. What is beyond doubt, however, is that the design and materials chosen by the American firm of architects, "Polshek Partnership Architects," which…

Michel, Florence

2004-01-01

39

La culture politique du Mouvement Quebec Francais [The Political Culture of the "French Quebec Movement"].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of the "Mouvement Quebec Francais (MQF)" covers the period from March 1971 through Spring 1974. The fundamental postulate of the study is that if the political culture is internalized by individuals, it is at the same time borne by groups. The study of groups represents, therefore, a good vehicle to reveal the most significant…

Turcotte, Denis

40

Le "Francais Populaire" and French as a Second Language: A Comparative Study of Language Simplification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French of English speaking students of French as a second language is compared with "francais populaire" (FP) in order to determine similarities in their tendency toward simplified grammar and morphology. Simplifying characteristics that are typical of FP were obtained from French working class sources, while simplification patterns of French…

Kenemer, Virginia Lynn

41

The Lycee Francais in New York: A Showcase for the French-Speaking Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In New York they say that the architecture of the new "Lycee francais" (serving French students from kindergarten through upper secondary education) was inspired by the rationalism of Descartes. What is beyond doubt, however, is that the design and materials chosen by the American firm of architects, "Polshek Partnership Architects," which…

Michel, Florence

2004-01-01

42

"Le Francais Des Affaires": At the Crossroads of US/EU Trade and Language Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need to enhance United States/European Union (EU) commercial and educational cooperation. Differences between US and EU language and trade policies are explored and the importance of plurilingualism in the global economy is examined. The role of the French Language, especially "Le francais des affaires," in facilitating access to the…

Finel-Honigman, Irene

1997-01-01

43

La culture politique du Mouvement Quebec Francais [The Political Culture of the "French Quebec Movement"].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the "Mouvement Quebec Francais (MQF)" covers the period from March 1971 through Spring 1974. The fundamental postulate of the study is that if the political culture is internalized by individuals, it is at the same time borne by groups. The study of groups represents, therefore, a good vehicle to reveal the most significant…

Turcotte, Denis

44

Enseignement des langues et theories d'acquisition Sprachunterricht unde Spracherwerbstheorien. (Language Teaching and Acquisition Theories).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of articles on language teaching and language acquisition theories includes: "Enseignement des langues et theories de l'acquisition. Introduction au colloque" ("Language Teaching and Theories of Acquisition. Introduction to the Colloquium") (Rene Richterich); "Apprendre une langue dans l'interaction verbale" ("Language Learning in…

Schwarz, Alexander, Ed.

1996-01-01

45

Langues et education en Afrique noire (Language and Education in Black Africa).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on language and education in Black Africa include: "L'enseignement des et en langues nationales au Zaire. Bilan d'une experience" ("The Teaching of and in National Languages in Zaire. Results of an Experiment") (Andre Mbula Paluku); "Langues et education au Rwanda" ("Languages and Education in Rwanda") (Melchior Kanyamibwa); "Un modele…

Bearth, Thomas, Ed.

1997-01-01

46

Langues et education en Afrique noire (Language and Education in Black Africa).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language and education in Black Africa include: "L'enseignement des et en langues nationales au Zaire. Bilan d'une experience" ("The Teaching of and in National Languages in Zaire. Results of an Experiment") (Andre Mbula Paluku); "Langues et education au Rwanda" ("Languages and Education in Rwanda") (Melchior Kanyamibwa); "Un modele…

Bearth, Thomas, Ed.

1997-01-01

47

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Questions (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Questions Booklet).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the 80 multiple choice questions portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1987 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, the novel, and…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

48

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Textes (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Text Booklet).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the reading selections portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1987 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, novel, and drama, the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

49

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee, Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Questions (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Questions Booklet). June 1988 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the 80 multiple choice questions portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the June 1988 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, the novel, and…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

50

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee, Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Textes (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Readings Booklet. June 1988 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this test, to be accompanied by the questions booklet, contains the reading selections portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the June 1988 tests. Representing the genres of…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

51

Examen et Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Textes (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Text Booklet).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the reading selections portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1988 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, novel, and drama, the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

52

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Questions (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Questions Booklet.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the 80 multiple choice questions portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1988 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, novel, and…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

53

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee, Langue et Litterature 30. Partie A: Composition (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part A: Composition). June 1988 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the composition component of the June 1988 tests. Divided into three essay questions for a total writing time of 2.5 hours duration, parts 1 and 2 of the test require essays that…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

54

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Questions (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Questions Booklet).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the 80 multiple choice questions portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1987 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, the novel,…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

55

Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Textes (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Text Booklet).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the reading selections portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1987 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, novel, and drama, the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

56

LES CENTRES DE RESSOURCES LANGUES : INTERFACES ENTRE MATÉRIALITÉ ET VIRTUALITÉ 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les analyses et réflexions proposées dans cet article prennent appui sur une recherche qui a porté sur l'observation et l'analyse de trente-sept dispositifs d'autoformation en France, dans divers contextes institutionnels (entreprises, universités, formation continue, grand public). Ceux-ci s'organisent autour d'un centre de ressources et proposent un accompagnement pédagogique pour l'apprentissage de langues étrangères. L'étude est également étayée par une enquête

Brigitte ALBERO

57

L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne (The Teaching of French in the Federal Republic of Germany). L'enseignement du francais dans les classes terminales des lycees allemands (The Teaching of French in the Final Year in German Schools).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two papers describe two aspects of French foreign language instruction in West Germany. The first, "L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne" by Abel, deals with the institutional framework for French instruction in West Germany. A discussion of the instructional situation looks first at the history of French instruction…

Abel, Fritz; Lang, Jurgen

58

L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne (The Teaching of French in the Federal Republic of Germany). L'enseignement du francais dans les classes terminales des lycees allemands (The Teaching of French in the Final Year in German Schools).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two papers describe two aspects of French foreign language instruction in West Germany. The first, "L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne" by Abel, deals with the institutional framework for French instruction in West Germany. A discussion of the instructional situation looks first at the history of French instruction since…

Abel, Fritz; Lang, Jurgen

59

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse. Supplement 2001 (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature. Supplement 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document comprises 42 inserts to be included in the List of Books (4-6) for French as a Second Language (Immersion)--a selection of works of youth literature--published by Alberta Learning in 2000. Thirty-seven of the items appeal to the world of imagination and esthetics, and five items are of an informative nature. An appendix, entitled…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

60

Le Francais au Zaire: Langue "superieure" et chances de "survie" dans un pays africain (French in Zaire: The Language of Prestige and Its Odds for Survival in an African Country).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors affecting the survival or decline of French in Zaire are examined, including its social, cultural, and political status, the history of other European languages established in Africa, and the influences of intercultural needs and ethnic identity on the continued use of French. (Author/MSE)

ya Rubango, Nyunda

1986-01-01

61

De la Structure theorique de l'interlangue a l'apprentissage du francais langue etrangere (From the Theoretical Structure of Interlanguage to the Learning of French as a Foreign Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phonetic deviations occurring in the French of native Dutch-speaking university students are explained by a theory stating that every new rule entering the learner's linguistic competence produces a hypercorrective correlate. The theory is said to permit prediction of the differences in timing between foreign and native learning of French. (MSE)

Bonnot, Jean-Francois P.; Spa, Jaap J.

1988-01-01

62

Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature enfantine. Bibliographie annotee, francais langue seconde--immersion, M-3. (Selection of Works from Children's Literature. Annotated Bibliography, French as a Second Language--Immersion).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The annotated bibliography lists albums, picture books, stories, novels, informational books, songs, and readings appropriate for children in grades K-3 in French immersion programs. An introductory section gives an overview of the bibliography and its use. The bibliography itself is divided into two sections, one citing literature of importance…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

63

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue premiere: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Native Language: Selection of Works from Children's Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography of children's literature presents 85 books and stories that can be used in the classroom to introduce literature in French to children in fourth through sixth grades. The selected texts (64 titles in fiction and 21 titles in non-fiction) were chosen for their age-appropriate language and themes, as well as their…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

64

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography of children's literature presents 74 books and stories that can be used in the classroom to introduce literature in French to children in fourth through sixth grades. The selected texts (51 titles in fiction and 23 titles in non-fiction) were chosen for their age-appropriate language and themes, as well as their…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

65

Bibliographie Annotee M-3: Francais langue seconde--immersion. Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature enfantine (Annotated Bibliography M-3: French as a Second Language--Immersion. Selection of Works from Children's Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography of children's literature presents over 150 books, stories and songs that can be used in the French language classroom to introduce literature in French to children in Kindergarten through third grade. The selected texts (97 titles in fiction and 62 titles in non-fiction) were chosen for their age-appropriate language…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

66

Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse. Supplement 2001 (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature. Supplement 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document comprises 42 inserts to be included in the List of Books (4-6) for French as a Second Language (Immersion)--a selection of works of youth literature--published by Alberta Learning in 2000. Thirty-seven of the items appeal to the world of imagination and esthetics, and five items are of an informative nature. An appendix, entitled "How…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

67

Phénolangue et génolangue dans la littérature africaine écrite en français: L'Illusion de langue française dans le discours des personnages  

Microsoft Academic Search

La disparition de l'imparfait du subjonctif, présagée au début du vingtième siècle, a-t-elle eu lieu? S'il s'entend parfois parmi les amateurs de la belle langue, écrivains ou érudits, ou dans le discours formel de certains hommes politiques, l'imparfait du subjonctif fait plus souvent office de vestige du passé ou d'anachronisme. Pourtant, les amoureux de la langue française et les étudiants

Bernard Mbassi

2006-01-01

68

L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)|

Marchand, Frank

1979-01-01

69

Actes du colloque: Tendances actuelles de la recherche sur la langue parlee (Conference Presentations: Current Trends in Research on Oral Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student papers presented at a sociolinguistics conference include: "La variation phonologique [d'une voyelle] a Hull"; "La force illocutoire des pronoms personnels 'je' et 'tu' en tant qu'insignes des places d'ou parlent les femmes et les hommes"; "L'emploi des modes indicatif et subjonctif dans le francais parle de la ville de Quebec"; "A Study…

Auger, Julie, Ed.

70

L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

Marchand, Frank

1979-01-01

71

Actes du colloque: Tendances actuelles de la recherche sur la langue parlee (Conference Presentations: Current Trends in Research on Oral Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student papers presented at a sociolinguistics conference include: "La variation phonologique [d'une voyelle] a Hull"; "La force illocutoire des pronoms personnels 'je' et 'tu' en tant qu'insignes des places d'ou parlent les femmes et les hommes"; "L'emploi des modes indicatif et subjonctif dans le francais parle de la ville de Quebec"; "A Study…

Auger, Julie, Ed.

72

L'Application des technologies nouvelles dans l'enseignement du Francais: Experiences et avenir (The Application of New Technologies in the Teaching of French: Experiences and the Future).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes UN MENU FRANCAIS, a teacher developed-computer program for students of French, and points out the advantages of using computers in the second language classroom, despite the poor pedagogical quality of most second language software currently available. An electronic mail correspondence between students in France and Denmark is…

Kornum, Lis

1989-01-01

73

Enquete sur le language de l'enfant francais (Investigation of the Language of French Children): The Spoken Language of Nine-Year-Old French Children. A Word Count Based on the CREDIF Transcriptions. Document No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Transcriptions of recorded conversations of nine-year-old French children are analyzed and presented in this comparative word count. The actual count of the 55,588 word corpus is arranged alphabetically and contrasted with selected, identical words found in the Francais Fondamental word list. Proper nouns are listed separately at the end of the…

Rutherford, R. W., Ed.; Wears, M., Ed.

74

L'Application des technologies nouvelles dans l'enseignement du Francais: Experiences et avenir (The Application of New Technologies in the Teaching of French: Experiences and the Future).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes UN MENU FRANCAIS, a teacher developed-computer program for students of French, and points out the advantages of using computers in the second language classroom, despite the poor pedagogical quality of most second language software currently available. An electronic mail correspondence between students in France and Denmark is described.…

Kornum, Lis

1989-01-01

75

Enquete sur le language de l'enfant francais (Investigation of the Language of French Children): The Spoken Language of Nine-Year-Old French Children. A Word Count Based on the CREDIF Transcriptions. Document No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transcriptions of recorded conversations of nine-year-old French children are analyzed and presented in this comparative word count. The actual count of the 55,588 word corpus is arranged alphabetically and contrasted with selected, identical words found in the Francais Fondamental word list. Proper nouns are listed separately at the end of the…

Rutherford, R. W., Ed.; Wears, M., Ed.

76

Proceedings: Pacific Northwest Council on Foreign Languages. Volume XXX, Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers of relevance to second language instruction are compiled here: (1) "Bilingual Math in a Monolingual Classroom: A Field Study," by Elizabeth M. Baricevic; (2) "Ideologie et pedagogie: reflexions sur le manuel de francais au programme de '3e annee secondaire' en Algerie," by Jeanne Adam; (3) "Pedagogic Grammar and Applied…

Mazur, Gertrud S., Ed.

77

Proceedings: Pacific Northwest Council on Foreign Languages. Volume XXX, Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following papers of relevance to second language instruction are compiled here: (1) "Bilingual Math in a Monolingual Classroom: A Field Study," by Elizabeth M. Baricevic; (2) "Ideologie et pedagogie: reflexions sur le manuel de francais au programme de '3e annee secondaire' en Algerie," by Jeanne Adam; (3) "Pedagogic Grammar and Applied…

Mazur, Gertrud S., Ed.

78

L'Échelle de dramatisation face à la douleur PCS-CF Adaptation canadienne en langue française de l'échelle « Pain Catastrophizing Scale »  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cette étude examine les qualités métrologiques de l'Échelle de dramatisation face à la douleur PCS-CF, une adaptation pour la population canadienne de langue française du questionnaire « Pain Catastrophizing Scale » de Sullivan, Bishop et Pivik (1995). Cent vingt étudiants de premier cycle universitaire (83 femmes et 37 hommes) ont complété l'Échelle PCS-CF ainsi que des questionnaires d'anxiété et de

Douglas J. French; Marc Noël; François Vigneau; Julie A. French; Chantal P; R. Thomas Evans

2005-01-01

79

Actes du colloque sur la didactique des langues aujourdi'hui: Pratiques et realite. (29 Sept./1 Oct. 1983) [Proceedings of a Colloquium on the Teaching of Modern Languages Today: Practice and Reality. (September 29-October 1, 1983)].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight papers in this collection include: "Un enseignant de langues a la recherche de la pierre philosophale" (A Language Teacher in Search of the Philosopher's Stone); "Apprentissage autodirige: Compte rendu d'experience 1978-83" (Self-Directed Learning: Report of Experience 1978-83); "Teaching Without a Language Syllabus But With a Linguistic…

Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL), 1984

1984-01-01

80

Les mecanismes psychologiques sous-jacents a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde (The Psychological Mechanisms Related to the Learning of a Second Language). Publication B-99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles include: (1) "Variables psychologiques et sociales reliees a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde par l'immigrant adulte en situation scolaire" (Psychological and Social Variables Related to the Learning of a Second Language by the Adult Immigrant in the Academic Situation) by A. d'Anglejan and C. Renaud, (2) "Les contacts…

Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.; Vigneault, Richard, Ed.

81

Francais langue seconde: trousse d'evaluation--tests modeles pour le niveau debutant 1, niveau debutant 2, niveau debutant 3 des ecoles elementaires (French as a Second Language: Evaluation Resource Package--Model Tests for Beginning Level 1, Beginning Level 2, Beginning Level 3 in Elementary Schools).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French as a Second Language model tests for beginning levels 1, 2, and 3 were designed to evaluate students' language performance, as outlined in the program of studies for Alberta, Canada, in listening and reading comprehension and oral and written production, communication skills, culture, language and general language knowledge. The tests…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

82

Francais langue seconde: trousse d'evaluation--tests modeles pour les cours: French 31a (Avance 7); French 31b (Avance 8); French 31c (Avance 9) (French as a Second Language: Evaluation Resource Package--Model Tests for the Courses: French 31a (Advanced 7); French 31b (Advanced 8); French 31c (Advanced 9)).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French as a Second Language model tests for advanced levels 7, 8, and 9 were designed to evaluate students' language performance, as outlined in the program of studies for Alberta, Canada, in listening and reading comprehension and oral and written production, communication skills, culture, language and general language knowledge. The tests…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

83

Francais langue seconde trousse d'evaluation. Tests modeles pour les niveaux: intermediaire 4, intermediaire 5, intermediaire 6 pour les eleves du secondaire 1er cycle = French as a Second Language Evaluation Resource Package. Model Tests for: Intermediate Level 4, Intermediate Level 5, Intermediate Level 6 for Junior High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The French as a Second Language model tests for junior high school instruction presented here were designed to evaluate students' language performance as outlined in the learner expectations of the Alberta (Canada) second language curriculum. They focus on the specific fields of experience of these levels, but may be adapted for local contexts. An…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

84

Avantages linguistiques, scolaires et cognitifs de l'immersion francaise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resume ´ : L'examen des recherches sur l'enseignement du francais langue seconde (FLS) au Canada donne apenser que les eleves en immersion francaise (IF) en retirent des avantages linguistiques, scolaires et cognitifs considerables. Dans notre compte rendu sommaire, nous avons regroupeles avantages de l'IF sous ces trois themes, comparant la maõ ˆtrise du francais et de l'anglais des eleves inscrits

Wally Lazaruk

85

EPA/IFP (Environmental Protection Agency/Institute Francais Du Petrole) European workshop on the emission of nitrous oxide from fossil-fuel combustion: Rueil-Malmaison, France, June 1-2, 1988  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the proceedings of an EPA/Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) cosponsored workshop addressing direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from fossil-fuel combustion. The third in a series, it was held at the IFP in Rueil-Malmaison, France, on June 1-2, 1988. Increasing atmospheric N2O concentrations have been linked to depletion of stratospheric ozone (O3) and to global-climate warming. The combustion of fossil fuels has been identified as a potential major anthropogenic source of N2O. The workshop had two goals: (1) to exchange information among various international research and industrial groups that are involved in N2O chemistry, modeling, and measurement; and (2) to develop a network for coordinating future related efforts.

Ryan, J.V.; Srivastava, R.K.

1989-10-01

86

WEB-BASED DDL: AN INSTANCE OF HOW AJAX TECHNOLOGIES CAN IMPROVE LANGUAGE LEARNING WEB APPLICATIONS DDL EN RÉSEAU: UN EXEMPLE D'UTILISATION DES TECHNOLOGIES AJAX POUR AMÉLIORER LES OUTILS INTERNET D'APPRENTISSAGE DES LANGUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé: La contribution présentera un module pour la plateforme Moodle qui permet d'analyser des corpus textuels directement en ligne. La possibilité de réaliser cette activité en ligne offre différents avantages, aussi bien en ce qui concerne les aspects pratiques de l'utilisation des corpus pour l'enseignement des langues (disponibilité des appareils, coûts de réalisation), qu'en ce qui concerne l'utilisation des données

Simone Torsani

87

Apprenez la Science en Francais?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explain why integrating the teaching of science and French is not as ridiculous as it may at first sound. They describe how this innovative integrated approach works in a primary school in Oxfordshire. The project involves Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). CLIL is a method whereby a curriculum subject is planned and…

Edmonds, Juliet; Jacobs, Pippa

2011-01-01

88

Apprenez la Science en Francais?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explain why integrating the teaching of science and French is not as ridiculous as it may at first sound. They describe how this innovative integrated approach works in a primary school in Oxfordshire. The project involves Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). CLIL is a method whereby a curriculum subject is planned and…

Edmonds, Juliet; Jacobs, Pippa

2011-01-01

89

1975 Textbooks for French Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four 1975 textbooks for French civilization courses are cited including price, suggested level, format and a listing of contents. A review of one text follows: Rey and Santoni, "Quand les Francais parlent: Langue en contexte, culture en contraste," Newbury House Publishers. The reviewer states that this book is basically a sociological study of…

Brown, Jack Davis

90

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the second bulletin in a series dealing with international issues in language instruction in the military. Articles include: (1) "L'Enseignement des langues (etrangeres) dans les Forces Armees Belges," (2) "La Morphologic de la Conjugaison ecrite simple en francais contemporain: evantail des cas et rendement des categories," (3) "Data…

Waters, J., Ed.

91

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second bulletin in a series dealing with international issues in language instruction in the military. Articles include: (1) "L'Enseignement des langues (etrangeres) dans les Forces Armees Belges," (2) "La Morphologic de la Conjugaison ecrite simple en francais contemporain: evantail des cas et rendement des categories," (3) "Data…

Waters, J., Ed.

92

L'interdisciplinarite en sciences sociales pour l'etude du contact des langues (Interdisciplinarity in Social Sciences of the Study of the Relationships of Languages). Proceedings of a Colloquium of the International Center for Research on Bilingualism and the Institute for Interethnic and Intercultural Studies and Research (2nd, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, October 1-5, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers given at an international conference applying the social sciences to the study of the relationships of languages include the following: "Reseaux sociaux et comportements langagiers en milieu de contact des langues" ("Social Networks and Language Behaviors in a Language Contact Setting") by M. Blanc and J. Hamers, with commentary by R.…

Prujiner, Alain, Ed.

93

Les Dix Intonations de base du francais.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of 10 intonation curves, representative of speech patterns in French, entails spectrographic analysis of the variations of fundamental frequency, intensity, and duration. Discriminatory auditory tests are based on semantic oppositions caused by single intonation contrasts. The seven distinctive classes called "intonemes" are: (1) minor…

Delattre, Pierre

1966-01-01

94

Equipments Aerospatiaux Francais (French Aerospace Equipment).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 190 member firms of GIFAS (Association of French Aeronautical and Space Industries) represent the three major branches of the profession: airframes, power plants, and systems and equipment. These firms develop, produce, maintain, and provide product s...

1993-01-01

95

Pourquoi les langues etrangeres (Why Foreign Languages)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 'Association Linguistique Franco-Europeenne' analyzed 1600 questionnaires completed by French students to find out the motives for choosing the languages they study versus which languages they would like to study. The results are tabulated. The general conclusion is that multilingualism is beneficial to world peace and should be encouraged.…

van Deth, J. P.

1975-01-01

96

Portfolio langagier en francais (Language Portfolios in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that first-year college students learning French should create a language portfolio that contains documents that illustrate what they have learned in French, along with a brief statement of what linguistic skill the document demonstrates. The goal of the portfolio is to make students more aware of their own learning, their strengths, and…

Laplante, Bernard; Christiansen, Helen

2001-01-01

97

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 7 (Early French Immersion: French 7)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for seventh grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives and addresses the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four…

Burt, Andy; And Others

98

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 6 (Early French Immersion: French 6)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for sixth grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives and addresses the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four…

Burt, Andy; And Others

99

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 2 (Early French Immersion: French 2).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for second grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives for the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the primary grades and learning objectives for the four language…

Burt, Andy; And Others

100

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais I (Early French Immersion: French I).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for first grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives for the four language skills the child needs to develop (listening, speaking, reading, and writing). The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the primary grades and…

Burt, Andy; And Others

101

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 4 (Early French Immersion: French 4).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for fourth grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives for the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four language…

Burt, Andy; And Others

102

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 5 (Early French Immersion: French 5).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for fifth grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives and addresses the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the middle grades and learning objectives for the four…

Burt, Andy; And Others

103

Immersion francaise precoce: Francais 3 (Early French Immersion: French 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for third grade French instruction accompanies the early French immersion program. It is based on general and specific learning objectives for the four language skills the child needs to develop. The introduction to the manual provides an overview of the program for the primary grades and learning objectives for the four language…

Burt, Andy; And Others

104

Roumanie: Le Francais d'abord (Romania: French First).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty percent of the schools in Iasi, Moldova's capital city, teach French as a second language. The city's French Cultural Center is a focus for educational and cultural information and organization. The center helped upgrade the professional level of teaching following the demise of communism in Eastern Europe. (CNP)

Serren-Rosso, M. L.

1993-01-01

105

Portfolio langagier en francais (Language Portfolios in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that first-year college students learning French should create a language portfolio that contains documents that illustrate what they have learned in French, along with a brief statement of what linguistic skill the document demonstrates. The goal of the portfolio is to make students more aware of their own learning, their strengths, and…

Laplante, Bernard; Christiansen, Helen

2001-01-01

106

Francais du Canada/francais de France: divergence et convergence (French of Canada/French of France: Divergence and Convergence).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of the forms of French spoken in one area of France and two regions of Canada, focusing on the "ne" of negative forms and the occurrence of the /l/ in clitic pronouns and definite articles, is presented and possible historical explanations are discussed. (MSE)

Ashby, William J.

1988-01-01

107

Programme des examens-Diplome de 12e annee. Mathematiques & Sciences. Annee scolaire 1986-87 (Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Mathematics & Sciences. Academic Year 1986-87).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information about the diploma examinations in Mathematics 30, Biology 30, Chemistry 30, and Physics 30 that will be administered during January, June, and August, 1987, is provided in this bulletin. Topics explained include: (1) general format of the examination (stating the content, emphasis, and time allotments for the examinations); (2)…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Data Processing Branch.

108

Grade 9 Pilot Test. Mathematics. June 1988 = 9e Annee Test Pilote. Mathematiques. Juin 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pilot test for ninth grade mathematics is written in both French and English. The test consists of 75 multiple-choice items. Students are given 90 minutes to complete the examination and the use of a calculator is highly recommended. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: decimals; exponents; arithmetic word…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

109

Mathematics 33: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 33: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 33 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 4 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

110

Grade 9 Achievement Test. Mathematics. June 1988 = 9e Annee Test de Rendement. Mathematiques. Juin 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This achievement test for ninth grade mathematics is written in both French and English. The test consists of 75 multiple-choice items. Students are given 90 minutes to complete the examination, with the use of calculators permitted. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical content including: positive and negative exponents; word…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

111

Mathematics 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 40 multiple-choice and 9 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 3 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

112

Funding of Schools, 2000-2001 School Year = Financement des ecoles, Annee scolaire 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Available in English or French, this reference guide summarizes the funding of Manitoba public schools for the 2000-2001 school year. School funding for operating and capital expenses is administered by the provincial government. Following a list of 2000-2001 revisions to the Schools Finance Program, the first section describes base support. The…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

113

Funding of Schools, 2000-2001 School Year = Financement des ecoles, Annee scolaire 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Available in English or French, this reference guide summarizes the funding of Manitoba public schools for the 2000-2001 school year. School funding for operating and capital expenses is administered by the provincial government. Following a list of 2000-2001 revisions to the Schools Finance Program, the first section describes base support. The…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

114

Chemistry 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Chimie 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, in both French and English versions, is the Chemistry 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 44 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

115

Langue francaise et television nigeriane (French Language and Nigerian Television).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Enumerates the French language TV programs currently available in Nigeria and describes the difficulties hampering a nationwide development of educational TV programs in French. Offers suggestions to overcome these difficulties, describes the French language courses already on the air, and outlines plans for new programs. (MES)|

Le Ruyet, Raymond; Solente, Jean-Michel

1980-01-01

116

Two Visuals to Accompany Albert Valdman's "Langue et Culture."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Visuals depicting places and high frequency nouns (car, tree, bike, bus, etc.) which students learn in the first semester of studying French are described. These will facilitate instructional presentations and, by reinforcing grammatical concepts, assist language acquisition. (PMJ)|

Polly, Lyle R.

1980-01-01

117

9 CFR 151.9 - Recognized breeds and books of record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2206 ......do Stud Book Francais Registre des Chevaux de Pur Sang Commission du Studbook Francais de Pur Sang, M. Maze-Sencier... 2220 ......do Stud Book Francais Registre des Chevaux de Pur Sang...

2010-01-01

118

9 CFR 151.9 - Recognized breeds and books of record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2206 ......do Stud Book Francais Registre des Chevaux de Pur Sang Commission du Studbook Francais de Pur Sang, M. Maze-Sencier... 2220 ......do Stud Book Francais Registre des Chevaux de Pur Sang...

2009-01-01

119

Mathematics & Sciences. Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program. 1987-88 School Year=Mathematiques & Sciences. Programme des examens--Diplome de 12e annee. Annee scolaire 1987-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information is presented about the grade 12 diploma examinations for Mathematics 30, Biology 30, Chemistry 30, and Physics 30 to be administered in 1988. Included are both the French and English language versions of the document. Topics explained include: (1) general format of the examinations (stating the content, emphasis, and time allotments);…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Data Processing Branch.

120

A Year of Transitions: 1995 AUCC Activities = Une annee de transitions: 1995 Activites de l'AUCC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication in English and French versions describes the activities of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) for 1995; particularly activities in the areas of public policy and advocacy, member services, and contract management. The section on public policy and advocacy describes how deficit reduction and national…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

121

Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Mathematics 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Mathematiques 30. Juin 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This twelfth grade diploma examination is written in both French and English. The test consists of 52 multiple-choice items and three written response questions. Two and one-half hours are provided for taking the test; approved calculators may be used. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: geometry; trigonometry;…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

122

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Mathematiques 30. Janvier 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mathematics 30 is a 12th-grade mathematics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 45 multiple-choice questions, seven open-ended scannable questions, and three written-response questions. Two and one-half hours are allowed for completing…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

123

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Mathematiques 30. Juin 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the final test for students in the twelfth-grade course Mathematics 30, offered in schools in Alberta, Canada. Intended for administration in June 1986, it is available in both English and French. It contains 52 multiple-choice questions and five written-response problems, with two-and-one-half hours allowed for completion. Approved…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

124

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Mathematiques 30. Juin 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mathematics 30 is a 12th-grade mathematics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 45 multiple-choice questions, 7 open-ended machine scorable questions, and 3 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

125

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Mathematiques 30. Janvier 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the final test for students in the twelfth grade course Mathematics 30, offered in schools in Alberta, Canada. Intended for administration in 1988, it is available in both English and French. It contains 52 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response problems, with 2.5 hours allowed for completion. Approved calculators may be used.…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

126

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. January 1987 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Mathematiques 30. Janvier 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the final test for students in the twelfth-grade course Mathematics 30, offered in schools in Alberta, Canada. Intended for administration in January 1987, it is available in both English and French. It contains 52 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response problems, with 2.5 hours allowed for completion. Approved calculators may be…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

127

A Year of Transitions: 1995 AUCC Activities = Une annee de transitions: 1995 Activites de l'AUCC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication in English and French versions describes the activities of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) for 1995; particularly activities in the areas of public policy and advocacy, member services, and contract management. The section on public policy and advocacy describes how deficit reduction and national…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

128

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two and one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

129

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

130

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

131

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemistry 30 is a twelfth-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

132

Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

133

"L'unilinguisme" francais contre le changement sociolinguistique (French "Unilingualism" versus Sociolinguistic Change).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the French unilingual, also seen as a sociolinguistic ideology, in its varieties, especially since the French Revolution: an ideology based on few representations that are both inner and outer linguistic. The article also discusses the attitude of the unilingual in the collective epilinguistic field of experiment. One…

Boyer, Henri

2001-01-01

134

Bibliographie pour enseigner le francais des affaires (Bibliography for Business French Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bibliography contains a list of various publications (books, journals, dictionaries, newspapers, magazines) as well as videos, CD-ROMs, Web sites, and the addresses of several French chambers of commerce that would be useful for any English speakers needing to live, do business, or otherwise spend time in France. References are in French or…

Dewey, S. Pascale

135

Le Francais des Professions Scientifiques et Techniques (French for the Scientific and Technical Professions).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two sequential courses in scientific and technical French developed as a supplement to third- and fourth-year college French, in response to expressed student and industry demand, had as their objectives to develop a general familiarity with products of the large French industrial companies and their United States affiliates and to develop means…

Muller, Brigitte

136

Une Nouvelle Place pour le francais au Senegal? (A New Place for French in Senegal?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A discussion of the role of the French language in Senegal first chronicles language and education policy from the colonial period until 1980, then cites research indicating that French is infrequently used for personal purposes. Recent initiatives to strengthen its status and usage, and obstacles to their success, are outlined. (MSE)|

Ka, Omar

1993-01-01

137

Parametres de delimitation des collocations du francais courant (Parameters for Delimiting Collocations in Contemporary French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the definition of collocation, demonstrates that associative word combinations do form a continuum, and proposes some parameters to help delimit the scope of collocations in everyday contemporary French. (Author/VWL)|

Bosse-Andrieu, J.; Mareschal, G.

1998-01-01

138

French Space Program. Report to Cospar Programme Spatial Francais. Rapport au Cospar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report is presented on French space activities over the period mid-1975 to mid-1976. These activities cover the following main fields: extrasolar system astronomy, solar physics, solar system, lunar rocks, ionospheric and magnetospheric physics, aeronom...

1976-01-01

139

L'evaluation du francais a l'elementaire (Evaluation of French at the Elementary Level).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-part guide to the evaluation of student progress in French language discusses both theoretical and practical implications. The first part consists of seven sections: (1) student evaluation; (2) the terminology of evaluation; (3) the objectives of evaluation and measurement inference; (4) the characteristics of a good learning objective,…

Nogue, Alain; Lavoie, Jacinthe

140

Technoscientific French Teaching Guide = Guide pour l'enseignement du Francais technoscientifique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course guide aids university professors in doing research to develop a course in scientific and technical French. The course is intended to aid students in developing communicative skills in French in the context of science and technology. The course introduces students to the culture of France as well as to its industrial and technological…

Muller, Brigitte D.

141

Jouer au football... et apprendre le francais (Playing Football...and Learning French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two teachers in Costa Rica have adopted a thematic approach to French second-language teaching that uses instructional materials about soccer from the French popular press and television, and related class activities, to motivate their students, for whom soccer is culturally important. (MSE)|

Gutierrez, Alma Rosa Aguilar; Duarte, Delma Victoria Gonzalez

1992-01-01

142

Le Francais des Professions Scientifiques et Techniques (French for the Scientific and Technical Professions).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two sequential courses in scientific and technical French developed as a supplement to third- and fourth-year college French, in response to expressed student and industry demand, had as their objectives to develop a general familiarity with products of the large French industrial companies and their United States affiliates and to develop means…

Muller, Brigitte

143

Technoscientific French Teaching Guide = Guide pour l'enseignement du Francais technoscientifique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course guide aids university professors in doing research to develop a course in scientific and technical French. The course is intended to aid students in developing communicative skills in French in the context of science and technology. The course introduces students to the culture of France as well as to its industrial and technological…

Muller, Brigitte D.

144

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

145

Uruguay: Le francais en quete d'image (Uruguay: French in Search of an Image).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of French language instruction in Uruguay is assessed. Drawing on results of recent surveys, it is observed that French suffers from a lackluster image, and from a lack of confidence among language teachers themselves. (MSE)

Francais dans le Monde, 1993

1993-01-01

146

Enseigner quel francais du tourisme (Which French to Teach for Tourism).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Development of a course in French for tourism and the hotel industry in Sweden is chronicled, focusing on the process of functional analysis used to determine appropriate language content. A general functional outline of touristic French and an outline of language functions specific to a restaurant situation are presented. (MSE)|

Larsson, Bjorn

1992-01-01

147

Un Programme de francais fonctionnel pour le tourisme (A Program of Functional French for Tourism)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A description of a functional French program for the training of tourism personnel in Greece. The topics discussed are: the public and their needs, and analysis of oral communication, pedagogical techniques and activities, including numerous examples of comprehension and speaking exercises. A short bibliography is included. (Text is in French.)…

Baudry, Jean; And Others

1978-01-01

148

"L'unilinguisme" francais contre le changement sociolinguistique (French "Unilingualism" versus Sociolinguistic Change).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the French unilingual, also seen as a sociolinguistic ideology, in its varieties, especially since the French Revolution: an ideology based on few representations that are both inner and outer linguistic. The article also discusses the attitude of the unilingual in the collective epilinguistic field of experiment. One…

Boyer, Henri

2001-01-01

149

Les "langues immigrees" face a l'ecole francaise (Immigrant Languages and the French School System).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attempts to analyze a situation that concerns a large fraction of the school population in France in four parts: the status of foreigners and their languages in France and the social representations surrounding them; government policy concerning foreign pupils and languages in public schools since 1970; volunteer association and mother tongue…

Varro, Gabrielle

1992-01-01

150

Des voies nouvelles pour l'apprentissage des langues (New Paths for the Teaching of Languages).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in second-language instruction in higher education are noted, including growth in establishment of university-based language resource centers for both students and teachers, competency-based teaching and certification, and a French initiative to promote instruction in less commonly taught European languages such as Dutch, Greek, and Irish.…

Olivieri, Claude

1996-01-01

151

DECODAGE DE LA CHAINE PARLEE ET APPRENTISSAGE DES LANGUES (SPEECH DECODING AND LANGUAGE LEARNING).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PAPER WRITTEN IN FRENCH, PRESENTS A HYPOTHESIS CONCERNING THE DECODING OF SPEECH IN SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING. THE THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF THE DISCUSSION CONSISTS OF WIDELY ACCEPTED LINGUISTIC CONCEPTS SUCH AS THE PHONEME, DISTINCTIVE FEATURES, NEUTRALIZATION, LINGUISTIC LEVELS, FORM AND SUBSTANCE, EXPRESSION AND CONTENT, SOUNDS, PHONEMES,…

COMPANYS, EMMANUEL

152

Italie: Penser autrement la place des langues (Italy: Thinking Differently about the Place of Languages).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Italian conference on the role of language instruction in Italian schools is summarized. Special attention is given to the potential for linking language teaching to secondary education reform efforts. (MSE)|

di Giura, Marcella

1989-01-01

153

Boîte à outils TAL pour des langues peu informatisées : le cas du somali  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of corpora is a critical phase of systems of natural language processing based on statistical methods. This point is crucial for less equipped and less computerized languages like African languages. This paper aims to present different tools for Somali language and different scenarios to build corpora for this language : A gathered corpora from the web, Syntex, a

Abdillahi Nimaan; Pascal Nocera; Juan-Manuel Torres-Moreno

2006-01-01

154

L'ENSEIGNEMENT DE LA LANGUE FRANÇAISE DANS LE ROYAUME?UNI DE 1871 À 1939  

Microsoft Academic Search

(1) Au sujet du present article. Ton se réféeera e.a. aux bibliographies et ouvrages de réféence suivants: W. S. Monroe, Bibliography of Education, New York, 1897, reimpr. Detroit (Michigan), 1968; A. Coleman et R. H. Fife, An Analytical Bibliography of Modern Language Teaching, New York, 1933–49, 3 vol.; P. H. J. H. Gosden, Educational Administration in England and Wales. A

par Paul Gerbod

1985-01-01

155

La distance intertextuelle pour la classification d e textes en langue arabe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our researche works are interested in the applica tion of the intertextual distance theory on the Arabic language as a tool for the cla ssification of texts. This theory handles the classification of texts according to criteria of le xical statistics, and it is based on the lexical connection approach. Our objective is to integrate this theory as a tool

AYADI Rami; JAOUDI Walid

2009-01-01

156

Les langues sur le gril argentin (Languages on the Argentine Grill).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of secondary students, French language teachers, managers, and university students in Buenos Aires (Argentina) gives insight into the role of French there and reasons for studying it. Students in general appreciated the language for its aesthetic aspects, managers and teachers for its contribution to culture in general. (MSE)

Cagnolait, Beatriz

1994-01-01

157

Litterature Neo-Africaine De Langue Francaise (Neo-African Literature in the French Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a teacher's packet dealing with a program of modern French African literature for fourth-year high school students of French. The packet, designed to accompany the text "Voix Francaises du Monde Noir" (by Keith Q. Warner, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1971), consists of a student section and a teacher section. A general introduction to…

Jochmans, Robert P.

158

Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program: Langue et Litterature (Language and Literature). 1986-87 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to help prepare teachers and students for the January 1987 diploma exams, this bulletin presents useful information about the design, parts and scoring of French language and literature tests by describing and including scoring guides and sample questions. A schedule of administration and scoring dates is included in the bulletin. This…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

159

LE CONCEPT DE LIMITE: QUEL RAPPORT AVEC LA LANGUE NATURELLE ?1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In the long term the aim of our research is that of the elaboration of an itinerary by problems and situations which could favour the construction of the concept of the limit. Here we present the first part of our research on one of the obstacles in the understanding of the concept of the limit and on the implications

Lucia Grugnetti; Angela Rizza

160

Interrogations sur le public, la langue, la formation (Questions Regarding the Population, Language, and Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a language pedagogy for migrant workers that takes into account the economic, cultural, and social characteristics of the target population, as well as the nature of the target language. (AM)

Porcher, Louis

1978-01-01

161

Funding Policy for Language Programs = Politique de financement des programmes de langue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This policy statement, presented in both English and French, describes the funding support available for heritage language and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs for K-12 students in the province of Manitoba, Canada. The two parts of the statement, headed "Heritage Language Instruction" and "ESL for Students with Limited Proficiency in…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

162

L'Enseignement du francais par le chant au jardin d'enfants (Teaching French in Kindergarten Using the Song)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A description of French instruction in kindergarten and primary grades in Louisiana by the method "Chantons avec Jeannot Lapin." It is an audio-visual approach whose goal is to sensitize students to the spoken language. A description of the methodology and a sample lesson plan are given. (Text is in French.) (AMH)|

Braem, Bernard

1977-01-01

163

Du francais a l'espagnol: Une approche pedagogique interactive (From French to Spanish: An Interactive Pedagogical Approach).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An individualized, interdisciplinary approach to French second language instruction is discussed in the context of Argentina's secondary education system. An introductory section briefly reviews general problems associated with the compartmentalization of subjects in education and proposes a re-integration of the objectives of French second…

Palou de Carranza, Elsa

164

Apprentissage accelere du Francais: Une experience dans l'enseignement secondaire (Accelerated Apprenticeship of French: An Experience in Secondary Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the teaching of French-as-a-Second-Language in Holland. The following questions are discussed: (1) Can an intensive teaching method be used in a nonintensive setting? (2) Can learning be accelerated (i.e., can two years be taught in one). (SBR)|

Sciarone, A. G.; Montens, F.

1990-01-01

165

Telemetry of French Ballistic Missiles and Launchers les Telemesures sur les Missiles Balistiques et les Lanceurs Francais: Evolution and Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

French ballistic missile and launcher programs from 1960 onwards are reviewed. Onboard measurement, the measurement chain, and telemetry standards (including PCM) and technological evolution in the 1980's and beyond are covered. Programmable conditioners,...

B. Pieters

1982-01-01

166

Du francais a l'espagnol: Une approche pedagogique interactive (From French to Spanish: An Interactive Pedagogical Approach).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An individualized, interdisciplinary approach to French second language instruction is discussed in the context of Argentina's secondary education system. An introductory section briefly reviews general problems associated with the compartmentalization of subjects in education and proposes a re-integration of the objectives of French second…

Palou de Carranza, Elsa

167

Dictionnaire contextuel anglais-francais de l'energie solaire (Contextual English-French Dictionary on Solar Energy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This English-French dictionary on solar energy is intended for translators and purports to contain all the elements necessary for doing quality translations. Each entry contains the following elements: (1) the basic English word with its synonyms and equivalents; (2) the definition in English and reference to its source; and (3) sentences or…

Serre, Robert

168

Dictionnaire contextuel anglais-francais de l'energie solaire (Contextual English-French Dictionary on Solar Energy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-French dictionary on solar energy is intended for translators and purports to contain all the elements necessary for doing quality translations. Each entry contains the following elements: (1) the basic English word with its synonyms and equivalents; (2) the definition in English and reference to its source; and (3) sentences or…

Serre, Robert

169

ETUDE EXPERIMENTALE DES COMPOSANTES DE L'ACCENT EN FRANCAIS (EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE COMPONENTS OF ACCENT IN FRENCH).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|IN THE FIRST PART OF THIS STUDY, A SET OF MEANINGLESS SENTENCES USING ONLY THE SYLLABLE "PA" BUT IMITATING THE INTONATIONAL CONTOUR OF THE SENTENCE "IL VIENDRA ME VOIR DEMAIN MATIN A SEPT HEURES" WERE USED TO PROVIDE SYLLABLES TO BUILD UP 12 SEMI-ARTIFICIAL NONSENSE WORDS. THIRTY-TWO NATIVE SPEAKERS WERE REQUESTED TO (1) SAY WHICH WAS THE…

CALLAMAND, MONIQUE

170

La modelisation mathematique dans l'enseignement de la chimie des gaz a des eleves de la cinquieme annee du secondaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les problemes d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz parfaits sont donc importants. Si plusieurs etudes ont ete realisees dans le but d'identifier et d'interpreter ces problemes, aucune recherche, a notre connaissance, n'a ete realisee sur l'enseignement des lois sur les gaz parfaits. Notre recherche sur l'enseignement est donc pionniere. Elle a pour objectif general de construire et d'analyser une sequence d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz comportant diverses situations de modelisation mathematique des conduites des gaz. Les principaux objectifs specifiques sont les suivants: (1) identifier et caracteriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des conceptions naives des eleves, evolution vers des connaissances plus adequate sur les gaz; (2) identifier et caractEriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des connaissances mathematiques des eleves leur permettant d'interpreter convenablement les resultats des experiences, d'eprouver leurs conceptions, de donner un sens aux notions et aux relations impliquees dans les lois des gaz parfaits, lois de Boyle-Mariotte et Gay-Lussac. Une sequence d'enseignement comportant huit situations est d'eleves de secondaire V. La construction de ces situations est orientee par les recherches sur les conceptions naives des eleves, par les etudes sur l'evolution historique des conceptions sur les gaz et des pratiques scientifiques, ainsi que par les etudes theoriques et empiriques realisees en didactique des sciences et des mathematiques. La methodologie de l'ingenierie didactique (Artigue, 1998) qui constitue une application de la theorie des situations didactiques (Brousseau, 1986) est utilisee dans la construction et l'analyse des situations d'enseignement. Une analyse a priori de chacune des situations d'enseignement est effectuee; elle a pour but dexpliquer les choix des taches qui font partie des situations et de preciser la gestion didactique des situations. Diverses situations d'enseignement de la chimie ont ainsi ete construites. L'analyse a posteriori des situations, analyse des interactions didactiques lors du deroulement en classe de ces situations, est confrontee a l'analyse a priori realisee lors de la construction de ces situations. La pertinence de ces situations est ainsi examinee, en regard des objectifs de la recherche. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Gauthier, Diane

171

Activities of the Institute for Research in Molecular Biology Institut de Recherche en Biologie Moleculaire: Rapport d'Activite, Annees 1980-1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work in the fields of microbiology, molecular genetics, cellular and molecular differentiation, cellular genetics and immunology, and in developmental biochemistry is reported. Complemented and current projects are described and results are presented.

1981-01-01

172

Ressources de mathematiques, Maternelle-12e annee: Bibliographie annotee. Cadre commun des programmes d'etudes (Pre-Kindergarten-Grade 12 Mathematics Resources: Annotated Bibliography. Common Curriculum Framework).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography identifies French language resources endorsed from 1990-1999 by all Western Canadian Protocol (WCP) jurisdictions implementing the Common Curriculum Framework for K-12 Mathematics for K-12 (Common Curriculum Framework). Resources in this bibliography were selected through a collaborative review process based on their…

Western Canadian Protocol for Collaboration in Basic Education, Edmonton (Alberta).

173

Ressources de mathematiques, maternelle-12e annee: Bibliographie annotee. Cadre commun des programmes d'etudes (Pre-Kindergarten-Grade 12 Mathematics Resources: Annotated Bibliography. Common Curriculum Framework).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography identifies French language resources endorsed for the K-12 grade levels by all Western Canadian Protocol (WCP) jurisdictions implementing the Common Curriculum Framework for K- 12 Mathematics. Resources were selected through a collaborative review process based on their high level of fidelity with the rationale,…

Western Canadian Protocol for Collaboration in Basic Education, Edmonton (Alberta).

174

Le point sur les transferts dans l'ecriture en langue seconde (Transfers in Second Language Writing).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews research that addresses the issue of transfers that take place in writing from the first to second language. Suggests that positive transfers appear more clearly in the process than in the product, in which they depend on the relative closeness of languages. (Author/VWL)|

Lefrancois, Pascale

2001-01-01

175

L'apprentissage d'une langue etrangere comme ouverture culturelle (Second Language Learning as a Cultural Opportunity).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been suggested that the learning of a second language is not only a practical matter, as is commonly emphasized in discussion about language teaching, but is equally an experience of cultural initiation, particularly through the appreciation of literary texts in that language. The first part of this paper reviews educators' ideas about…

LeBrun, Monique

176

Une observation de la récupération différentielle des deux langues chez une patiente aphasique bilingue français-créole guadeloupéen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: This study analyses the evolution of the aphasic semiology after an ischemic cerebral vascular accident in a bilingual patient.Material and methods: We have selected a case representative of the features of conduction aphasia in her French expression. The evaluation of linguistics abilities four weeks and six months after ischemic cerebral vascular accident (CVA), showed a differential recuperation of the

C Massina; D Le Gall; G Aubin; J. M Mazaux; E Galanthe; S Sainte-Foie; J Emile

2000-01-01

177

Contact de langues et fonction poetique du changement linguistique (Language Contact and the Poetic Function of Linguistic Change).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following Roman Jakobson, this article attempts to outline the affinity between linguistic change induced by language contact and conflict, and the poetic function of language. This phenomenon can be observed by studying the discourses of trilingual speakers in the Aosta Valley in Northern Italy. The problematic position of French is reflected…

Jablonka, Frank

2001-01-01

178

Traduction et langues de specialite: Approches theoriques et considerations pedagogiques (Translation and Specialty Languages: Theoretical Approaches and Pedagogic Considerations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Essays on the teaching of translation and on specialized translation, all in French, include: "Perspectives d'optimisation de la formation du traducteur: quelques reflexions" ("Perspectives on Optimization of Training of Translation Teachers: Some Reflections") (Egan Valentine); "L'enseignement de la revision pedagogique" ("The Teaching of…

Guevel, Zelie, Ed.; Valentine, Egan, Ed.

179

Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Formateur. Langue: Sakalava (Peace Corps Madagascar Teacher's Manual. Language: Sakalava).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's manual for Sakalava, a dialect of Malagasy, is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel in Madagascar. It is written primarily in French and Sakalava, with some titles in English. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on…

Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

180

Corps de la Paix Madagascar Livre du Stagiare. Langue: Malagasy Ofisialy (Peace Corps Madagascar Volunteer Manual. Language: Official Malagasy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for Malagasy is designed for the specific language instruction needs of Peace Corps personnel working in Madagascar. It is written primarily in English and Malagasy, with introductory sections in French. It consists of 29 topical lessons, each geared to a specific domain and competency and containing information on needed materials,…

Tshiangale, Mupemba Wa

181

Le relation entre la theorie et la pratique: langue et litterature (The Relationship between Theory and Practice: Language and Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Without the integration of theory into teaching practice, native language and literature instruction can deteriorate into a perpetual repetition of old teaching habits. To be a good practitioner, a teacher must also be a good theoretician. (MSE)|

Levasseur-Ouimet, France

1984-01-01

182

Metonymie dans la presse ecrite: entre discours et langue (Metonymies in the Press: Between Discourse and Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes certain metonymies that are often employed in the daily French press. In such metonymies, a human being or a set of individuals are referred to by means of the name of an institutional location (i.e., a capital city, a ministry in a western country, the name of a country). These metonymic patterns do not seem to be used by…

Lecolle, Michelle

2001-01-01

183

Origine et developpement des industries de la langue (Origin and Development of Language Utilities). Publication K-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The evolution of "language utilities," a concept confined largely to the francophone world and relating to the uses of language in computer science and the use of computer science for languages, is chronicled. The language utilities are of three types: (1) tools for language development, primarily dictionary databases and related tools; (2) tools…

L'Homme, Marie-Claude

184

Les Attitudes des Franco-Americains envers la langue francaise (Franco-American Attitudes toward the French Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social attitudes marking the linguistic behavior of French Canadians living in New England during the last century are examined, including language values and stigmas, ethnocentrism, and adoption of or resistance to American attitudes. Three groups are considered: the "Little Canadas'" founders, their descendents of 50-70 years, and modern-day…

Fare, Louise Peloquin

1984-01-01

185

Teaching English Language Arts to Francophone Program Students, Grades 3 to 9: Bridging the Francais and English Language Arts (ELA) Programs of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

186

From "La Plume de Ma Tante" to "Parlez-Vous Francais?" The Making of French Language Policy in British Columbia, 1945-1982  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the first half of the twentieth century in British Columbia, French language was considered a school subject to be taught as any other using formal classical approaches. Generally, no specific provincial or local policies existed to guide how French was taught and learned. By 1981, however, British Columbia had developed explicit language…

Raptis, Helen; Fleming, Thomas

2004-01-01

187

Analyse des erreurs et grammaire generative: La syntaxe de l'interrogation en francais (Error Analysis and Generative Grammar: The Syntax of Interrogation in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A progress report is presented of a study which applies a system of generative grammar to error analysis. The objective of the study was to reconstruct the grammar of students' interlanguage, using a systematic analysis of errors. (Interlanguage refers to the linguistic competence of a student who possesses a relatively systematic body of rules,…

Py, Bernard

188

Variation et heterogeneite de recits en francais de jeunes eleves tunisiens (Variation and Heterogeneity of the French Narrative Productions of Young Tunisian Students).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes narrative productions in the French of 10 Tunisian pupils selected from 2 schools (1 in an urban area, 1 in a rural area) in Tunisia (Tunis). The purpose of the study was to observe the development of the French language in native Tunisian Arabic speakers. Particular attention is focused on the narrative structure and time…

Anane, Chiraz

2001-01-01

189

Sur les traces de l'heritage francais en Nouvelle-Angleterre: Boston. Livret du Maitre (Tracing French Heritage in New England: Boston. Teacher's Guide).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual, intended to accompany the student's text of the same title, contains: (1) a general introduction describing the nature and purpose of the materials; (2) an outline of the components of the package, including the teacher's guide, the student's text, and a slide cassette-tape program; (3) an outline of the general objectives of the…

Quintal, Claire

190

Les media dans la salle de classe: L'enseignement du francais aux etudiants en journalisme (The Media in the Classroom: French Instruction for Journalism Students).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a French course for English-speaking students of journalism and mass communications based on a global approach to language teaching. The course aims to develop communicative competence as well as a critical attitude toward the media product. This approach stresses the functioning of language in a given context. (Author/MES)|

Ruprecht, Alvina

1981-01-01

191

Dosimetrie retrospective (ou auto-dosimetrie): application au parc electronucleaire francais. (Retrospective dosimetry (or self dosimetry): Application to French Nuclear Power Plants).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this text we give the dosimetry principle on irradiated materials such baffle screw, pressure vessel and control element cans. This measure, made by gammametry, is based on the steel activation and comparison with calculated measures by Actige code. 4 ...

R. Lloret

1993-01-01

192

Analyse des erreurs et grammaire generative: La syntaxe de l'interrogation en francais (Error Analysis and Generative Grammar: The Syntax of Interrogation in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A progress report is presented of a study which applies a system of generative grammar to error analysis. The objective of the study was to reconstruct the grammar of students' interlanguage, using a systematic analysis of errors. (Interlanguage refers to the linguistic competence of a student who possesses a relatively systematic body of rules,…

Py, Bernard

193

Vers un ordre nouveau: The concepts of nation and state in the doctrines of the Faisceau and Croix de Feu\\/Parti social francais  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation reconsiders traditional approaches to the interwar French extreme-right by emphasizing ideology, specifically plans for the transformation of the nation and state. It focuses upon proposals of this type produced by members of the largest extreme-rightist groups in 1920s and 1930s France respectively: The Faisceau and the Croix de Feu\\/Parti social français. Preferring to study them in organizational terms

Samuel Kalman

2000-01-01

194

Vers un ordre nouveau: The concepts of nation and state in the doctrines of the Faisceau and Croix de Feu\\/Parti social francais  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation reconsiders traditional approaches to the interwar French extreme-right by emphasizing ideology, specifically plans for the transformation of the nation and state. It focuses upon proposals of this type produced by members of the largest extreme-rightist groups in 1920s and 1930s France respectively: The Faisceau and the Croix de Feu\\/Parti social français. ^ Preferring to study them in organizational

Samuel Kalman

2001-01-01

195

Le Rythme. Son enseignement et son role dans la correction phonetique du francais (The Teaching and Role of Rhythm in the Correction of French Pronunciation).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students of French learn to pronounce the syllables of the same rhythmic group with the same stress and the same intonation while lengthening slightly only the last syllable uttered. Several techniques designed to help students acquire correct French rhythm patterns are described here. They include: (1) counting aloud, (2) syllable division, (3)…

Lebel, Jean-Guy

196

Teaching English Language Arts to Francophone Program Students, Grades 3 to 9: Bridging the Francais and English Language Arts (ELA) Programs of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

197

Communication et reflexion metalinguistique dans l'apprentissage du francais par les adultes (Communication and Metalinguistic Reflection in French Language Learning by Adults).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A discussion of the relationships between communication in a foreign language and metalinguistic thought given to that language focuses on formal French language learning by adults in their home countries. Experience with adult language learners suggests a resistance to grammatical explanations but an openness to explanations of meaning. It would…

Galatanu, Olga

198

Results of Several Years Experiments on the Absorption of Radioactive Strontium and Cesium by Cultivated Plants; COMPTE RENDU D'EXPERIENCES DE PLUSIEURS ANNEES SUR L'ABSORPTION DU STRONTIUM ET DU CESIUM RADIOACTIES PAR DES PLANTES CULTIVEES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absorption of cesium-137 and strontium-90 by vines, permanent ; pasture, potatoes, green vegetables, tomatoes, onions, cabbage, and beans in ; France in 1960 is presented. The strontium coefficient has varied very little ; from one year to the next and that of cesium has slightly diminished. The values ; obtained suggest that the concentrations in irrigation water should not

Huguet

1962-01-01

199

L'emploi du traitement de texte dans un cours universitaire de premiere annee portant sur la litterature francaise (The Use of Word Processing in a First-Year University Course in French Literature).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined effects of requiring mainly nonfrancophone university freshmen to use word processing in a French literature course. Results showed students learned word processing without harmful effects on course performance, showed greater control over French spelling and grammar, and wrote more syntactically complex French. Increased…

Laing, Donald; And Others

1991-01-01

200

Patterns and Policies: The Changing Demographics of Foreign Language Instruction. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Changing Patterns: Curricular Implications," includes "Basic Assumptions Revisited: Today's French and Spanish Students at a Large Metropolitan University" (Gail Guntermann, Suzanne Hendrickson, and Carmen de Urioste) and "Le Francais et Mort, Vive le Francais: Rethinking the…

Liskin-Gasparro, Judith E., Ed.

201

Role-Playing as a Method of Teaching Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes how role-playing was used in a French culture and civilization class at Eastern Washington State College. The class was conducted entirely in French, and each class member read the same material for each day. L. Wylie's "Les Francais" was used as the class text, and "Comment vivent les Francais" by Girod and Grand-Clement was…

Corbin, Diane H.

202

Patterns and Policies: The Changing Demographics of Foreign Language Instruction. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Changing Patterns: Curricular Implications," includes "Basic Assumptions Revisited: Today's French and Spanish Students at a Large Metropolitan University" (Gail Guntermann, Suzanne Hendrickson, and Carmen de Urioste) and "Le Francais et Mort, Vive le Francais: Rethinking the Function…

Liskin-Gasparro, Judith E., Ed.

203

Role-Playing as a Method of Teaching Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how role-playing was used in a French culture and civilization class at Eastern Washington State College. The class was conducted entirely in French, and each class member read the same material for each day. L. Wylie's "Les Francais" was used as the class text, and "Comment vivent les Francais" by Girod and Grand-Clement was…

Corbin, Diane H.

204

La formation du professeur de langue etrangere [seconde] dans les universites du Quebec (The Training of Teachers of Second Languages in the Universities of Quebec).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training of teachers of second languages and linguistics in universities located in the Province of Quebec, Canada, is examined in this article. University degree programs in English, French, modern languages, linguistics, and teaching methods or education are outlined, including general program requirements for the B.A., M.A., and Ph.D.…

Bibeau, Gilles

205

Les linguistes et les questions de langue au Quebec: points de vue (Linguists and Language Questions in Quebec: Points of View).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers, all in French, address four issues concerning linguistics and language in Quebec: language quality and linguistic reality; linguistic politics and the future of French in Quebec; the linguist's role in modern society; and dictionaries. Each section includes an untitled, substantive introduction and several papers. Papers include:…

Deshaies, Denise, Ed.; Ouellon, Conrad, Ed.

206

Atlas International de la vitalite Linguistique, Volume 1. Les langues constitutionnelles de l'Indie = International Atlas of Language Vitality. Volume 1: Constitutional Languages of India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This International atlas of language vitality offers a cartography of language functions, based on a quantitative measure of the vitality of each language. It covers the constitutional languages of India, and offers maps, graphs, and data tables illustrating the vitality ratings of 14 languages by state, domain of usage (religion, schools, mass…

McConnell, Grant D., Ed.; Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.

207

Les linguistes et les questions de langue au Quebec: points de vue (Linguists and Language Questions in Quebec: Points of View).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers, all in French, address four issues concerning linguistics and language in Quebec: language quality and linguistic reality; linguistic politics and the future of French in Quebec; the linguist's role in modern society; and dictionaries. Each section includes an untitled, substantive introduction and several papers. Papers include: "Discours…

Deshaies, Denise, Ed.; Ouellon, Conrad, Ed.

208

Reading in 3 Languages. La lectura en 3 idiomas. La lecture en langues. Manual Prepared for the Bilingual Demonstration Project, Title VII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The manual contains forms, handouts, checklists, and other materials used in and developed by the Bilingual Screening and Reading Clinic Demonstration Project of New York City's Community School District 3. The materials are provided for teachers and administrators to use or modify for working with bilingual school populations in need of…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Bilingual Education.

209

Semantically-Triggered Reading Epilepsy: An Experimental Case Study * * This paper was presented orally at the Société de neuropsychologie de Langue Française (Geneva, 1996)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary reading epilepsy (PRE) is a rare syndrome in which epileptic seizures are electively provoked by reading. Cognitive neuropsychology has demonstrated the existence of at least two pathways for reading, the sublexical pathway involved in converting graphemes to phonemes, and the lexical pathway used when meaning is conveyed. Which of these specific pathways is relevant in triggering epileptic discharges remains

A. J. Pegna; F. Picard; M.-D. Martory; P. Vuilleumier; M. Seeck; P. Jallon; T. Landis

1999-01-01

210

Katimavik Participant's Manual, Book IV, Second Language Learning = Katimavik manuel du participant, cahier IV, l'apprentissage de la langue seconde. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The second language (French or English) learning activity portion of Katimavik, a nine-month volunteer community service and experiential learning program for 17 to 21-year-old Canadians, provides an opportunity for living in a French language environment with other people who speak French, or, for participants whose native language is French, to…

Crelinsten, Michael, Ed.

211

Compte Rendu de Recherche sur le Programme Lexical. Langue Anglaise 6e et 5e (Research Report on the Lexical Program. English Language 5th and 6th).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research report is concerned with establishing a minimum vocabulary of English instruction for French students at the secondary level. The approach to the investigation is based on choosing vocabulary that corresponds to the current communication needs of the students, has functional content, and takes the spoken language into account. The…

Institut National de Recherche et de Documentation Pedagogiques, Paris (France).

212

Les sciences appliquees et la formulation des programmes de langues d'un "service commun" (Applied Sciences and Program Design at a "Language Center").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the needs and objectives behind the expression "languages for special purposes," considering the problems faced by a language center that attempts to provide strictly specialized programs of instruction. Describes a method for the analysis of student needs as applied to the Department of Agriculture at the University of Newcastle. Societe…

Price, Janet E.

1981-01-01

213

La Formation et la Recyclage des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes an Quebec 1973-1978 (The Training and Retraining of Modern Language Teachers in Quebec, 1973-1978).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Plans to improve instruction in English as a second language during a five-year period in Quebec, Canada, are outlined. The observations are based on the program established by the Minister of Education, Mr. Francois Cloutier. The study examines: (1) the current situation; and (2) proposed measures including teacher training, language programs,…

Lavigne, Jean Claude

214

Amenagement et politique linguistques: La politique des langues au Benin (Language Management and Language Policy: The Politics of Language in Benin).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distinguishing between language management and language policy, examines the politics of language in Benin from independence to the present. Describes the politics of language in Dahomey, the early policies of Benin, and the Republican politics of language, arising from the national constitutional convention and striving to address the needs of…

Halaoui, Nazam

2001-01-01

215

Le processus du retour au connu dans la classe de langue (The Process of Returning to What is Known in the Language Class).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study concerns a moment in the learning process which is considered crucial, namely, that point when the learner is confronted with the necessity of discovering from the models already learned and stored in memory elements that will be useful in constructing a new utterance or solving a new problem. The emphasis is on the point of connection…

Boulouffe, Jacqueline

216

Atlas International de la vitalite Linguistique, Volume 1. Les langues constitutionnelles de l'Indie = International Atlas of Language Vitality. Volume 1: Constitutional Languages of India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This International atlas of language vitality offers a cartography of language functions, based on a quantitative measure of the vitality of each language. It covers the constitutional languages of India, and offers maps, graphs, and data tables illustrating the vitality ratings of 14 languages by state, domain of usage (religion, schools, mass…

McConnell, Grant D., Ed.; Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.

217

Monday Morning: A Magazine for Language Teachers in China = Lundi Matin: Revue pour professeurs de langues en Chine, 1985-1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of all six issues of the bilingual (English and French) periodical "Monday Morning" published from its inception in 1985 through 1992. This publication was developed by the Canada/China Language Training Centre (C/CLTC), a language teaching enterprise that provides French or English language training to Chinese technicians…

Monday Morning, 1992

1992-01-01

218

La langue aymara: Des cimes andines a l'intelligence des ordinateurs (The Aymara Language: Andean Peaks for the Intelligence of Computers).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research suggests that Aymara, an ancient language still spoken in parts of South America, may be well suited for use as a "bridge" language in translation because of its extremely regular and coherent grammar. A machine translation program using the language has already been developed. (MSE)|

Barbin, Christina

1987-01-01

219

La francisation de la langue de travail au Quebec: Constraintes et realisations (Francization of the Language of the Workplace in Quebec: Constraints and Achievements).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1977, businesses in Quebec have been required to use French as their normal working language, and a process of "francization" has been initiated. Progress has been slowed by resistance from businesses, political hesitation, and bureaucracy. The Quebec case suggests that flexible implementation is necessary for a successful, working language…

Dion, Stephane; Lamy, Gaetane

1990-01-01

220

Problemes poses par la mesure du rendement en francais des eleves franco-ontariens (Problems Posed by the Measurement of Proficiency in French Among Franco-Ontarian Students). Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the hypothesis that the French used by a large number of Franco-Ontarians represents a linguistic system (or several systems) that differs from Standard French. In addition, a review of previous research leads to the inverse hypothesis, that Ontarian French represents a body of different systems or sub-systems that are more or…

Canale, Michael; Mougeon, Raymond

221

Les Attitudes des parents acadiens neo-ecossais a l'egard du francais et de l'anglais au Canada (The Attitudes of Nova Scotian Acadian Parents toward French and English in Canada). Publication G-11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the context of recent Nova Scottian (Canada) provincial legislation establishing primarily Acadian, French-language public schools in four regions, a survey investigated local Acadians' attitudes about the roles of both French and English in these schools. Survey samples included 330 parents of primary school children and 145 parents of…

Starets, Moshe

222

"L'Allemand, c'est pas du francais!": Enjeux et paradoxes de l'apprentissage de l'allemand ("German Isn't Like French!": Stakes and Paradoxes in the Teaching of German).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the concept that language learning uses not only cognitive competencies but also attitudes about the language to be learned, self-concept, and group identity, the book examines psychosocial issues in the teaching of German to native French speakers in Switzerland. The first part discusses the psychosocial approach to second language…

Muller, Nathalie, Ed.

223

Aspects de l'usage de la preposition POUR en francais ontarien: interference et/ou surgeneralisation? (Aspects of the Use of the Preposition POUR in Ontario French: Interference And/Or Overgeneralization?). Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the use of the preposition "pour" (for) in Ontario French is analyzed: (1) in its use with the verb "payer" (to pay for), and (2) in its durative meaning. Data come from the written and spoken French of three groups of bilingual Franco-Ontarian students from the ninth and twelfth grade. In the written and spoken usage of these…

Canale, Michael; And Others

224

Fissuration par corrosion sous contrainte de penetrations de couvercle de cuve de reacteur nucleaire francais a eau pressurisee. (Stress corrosion cracking in the vessel closure head penetrations of French PWR's).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During a hydrotest in September 1991, part of the statutory decennial in-service inspection, a leak was detected on the vessel head of Bugey 3, which is one of the first 900 MW 3-loop PWR's in France. This leak was due to a cracked penetration used for a ...

D. Buisine F. Cattant J. Champredonde C. Pichon C. Benhamou

1994-01-01

225

Enquete sur le langage de l'enfant francais: Transcriptions de conversations d'enfants de 9 ans (Investigation of the Language of French Children: Transcriptions of Conversations of 9-Year-Olds). Document No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These transcriptions of children living in a suburb of Paris represent and illustrate linguistic behavior and interests of the average nine-year-old French child. Seventy-nine children in groups of three were recorded in 30-minute periods of free conversation and 10-minute periods of play. Analysis reveals more than 30 centers of interest which…

Leclercq, Janine, Comp.

226

Un gars, une fille: plaidoyer pour la culture avec un "petit c" dans un cours de francais languae etrangere (Un gars, une fille: Culture with a "Litte c" in a French as a econd Language Course).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Looks at the Quebecois TV show, "Un gars, Une fille" used in a university French course to teach the socio-cultural reality that underlies all linguistic utterances in a university-level French course. Attempts to identify what makes the show more authentic than videos and CD ROMs that accompany most language textbooks in French. (Author/VWL)|

Black, Catherine

2001-01-01

227

La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)|

Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

1985-01-01

228

July 20-21, 2009: Issue Summary: Blood Products Advisory ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... significance (p = 0.07) in favor of the French A1-PI augmentation therapy product manufactured by Laboratoire Francais du Fractionnement et des ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

229

La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)

Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

1985-01-01

230

Experience d'apprentissage bilingue precoce: Resultats des eleves de Monthey et de Sion a la fin de la 2e Anee Primaire, Annee 1998/99 (Experience of Preschool Bilingual Education: Results from Students in Monthey and Sion at the End of Second Grade, 1998/99 Year).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1994-1995 school year, the town of Sierre/Siders implemented and evaluated the first bilingual kindergarten class in the Valais canton of Switzerland. The following year the towns of Sion/Sitten and Monthey in the same canton also launched bilingual education classes. In these bilingual classes German is introduced as a second language…

Bregy, Anne-Lore; Brohy, Claudine; Fuchs, Gaby

231

Disarmament agenda of the international community in 1994 and beyond. Statements of the Secretary-General. (L'ordre du jour de la communaute internationale en matiere de desarmement pour l'annee 1994 et au-dela. Discours du Secretaire general).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document comprises two statements of the Secretary-General delivered in January 1994, conveys present thinking on possible approaches to be taken in the light of the events of the past year and views on a number of specific tasks that the internationa...

B. Boutros Ghali

1994-01-01

232

La reussite scolaire de votre enfant: Pour aider votre enfant a mieux apprendre a la Maison et a l'ecole, de la 1re a la 9e annee. Manuel d'accompagnement a l'intention du parent = The Parent Advantage: Helping Children Become More Successful Learners at Home and School, Grades 1-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide for French-speaking parents of students with learning disabilities in Alberta presents a variety of strategies parents can use to help their children in grades 1 through 9 become successful learners. Section 1 offers ideas for helping students get and stay organized, such as using self-talk to create a positive attitude and organizing…

Walker, Catherine; Antaya-Moore, Dana

233

Homogeneite et heterogeneite de la langue latine selon Varron et Aulu-Gelle: aspects historique, social et fonctionnel (Homogeneity and Heterogeneity in the Latin Language According to Varron and Aulu-Gelle: Historic, Social and Functional Aspects).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Of the many Latin texts that provide views on language, and in particular on linguistic change and variation, Varro's "De Lingua Latina" and Gellius'"Noctes Atticae," provide good examples of the perspectives of the stoic philosopher and of the antiquarian philologist. Stoics suggest that language was created as perfect as possible. In this view,…

Amacker, Rene

2001-01-01

234

Confidence through Competence in Modern Language Learning. CILT Reports & Papers 25. Selection of Papers from the World Conference of the International Federation of Modern Language Teachers--FIPLV--Federation Internationale des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes (Helsinki, Finland, July 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen papers from six countries are included in this volume. Several have been translated from French or German. The papers are grouped as follows: (1) Creativity and Language Learning: "Creativity, Brain, and Language" (M. Bergstrom) and "Creativity and Interactional Competence in Foreign Language Learning" (E. Oksaar); (2) The Teacher and the…

Freudenstein, Reinhold, Ed.; James, C. Vaughan, Ed.

235

L'enseignement des langues: Pour qui? Pour quoi? (Language Teaching: For Whom? For What Purpose?). Proceedings of the annual Symposium of the Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics (7th, Sherbrooke, Canada, May 6, 1976). Publication B-62.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 16 papers in French and English deal with questions related to the purpose of learning a language, one's native language as well as a second one. Specifically, the presentations deal with the following topics: (1) consideration of learners' needs; (2) the usefulness of learning English in Quebec; (3) the tension between knowledge and…

Taggart, Gilbert, Ed.

236

Evolution linguistique et evolution de perspective en grammaire comparee des langues indoeuropeennes: le cas du "locatif sans desinence" (Linguistic Evolution and Evolution of Perspective in the Comparative Grammar of Indo-European Languages: The Case of the "Endingless Locative").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper deals with the problem of the casual origin of the Greek infinitives in "-men,""ein," with respect to the "endingless locative" and the casus indefinitus" hypothesis. These assumptions can be connected with the progress made in the linguistic research, especially on the nominal inflection, from a chronological and methodological point…

Vanseveren, Sylvie

2001-01-01

237

La conception et le role des materiels pedagogiques dans l'enseignement des langues secondes (The Conception and Role of Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Second Languages). CILA Bulletin, No. 29.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This special issue concerns the content, function, and form of instructional materials dealing with second language instruction. The following articles appear: (1) "Deliberate Semantics--an 'Interventionist' Approach to Second Language Teaching Methodology," by A.P.R. Howatt; (2) "Sprechakte und Sprachunterricht (Speech Acts and Language…

Redard, F., Ed.; And Others

238

Les hypernatrémies en pathologie neurochirurgicale 1 Travail présenté aux XXII es Journées de l’Association de neuroanesthésie-réanimation de langue française, Dijon, 23-24 novembre 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypernatraemia is defined as an increase in extracellular sodium concentration, associated with plasma hyperosmolality and cellular dehydration. It can result from excessive water loss, from an increase in the total sodium content or from both mechanisms. As far as neurosurgical pathology is concerned, hypernatraemia due to excessive water loss may be observed in patients who do not sense thirst or

P Hans; V Bonhomme; F Damas

2001-01-01

239

Les explorations neuro-fonctionnelles dans une stratégie préchirurgicale des épilepsies partielles 1 Travail présenté aux XXII es Journées de l’Association de neuroanesthésie–réanimation de langue française, Dijon, 23–24 novembre 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presurgical evaluation of drug-resistant partial epilepsies primarily relies on two major investigations, including a long term video-EEG monitoring which aimed at recording the patient?s typical seizures, and a specifically designed high quality magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The latter demonstrates an abnormality within the epileptogenic lobe in the majority of cases, which might not, however, necessarily match the epileptogenic zone.

P Ryvlin; F Mauguière

2001-01-01

240

Quand et comment faut-il opérer une craniosténose ? 1 Travail présenté aux XXIII es Journées de l’Association de neuroanesthésie-réanimation de langue française, Lille, 29-30 novembre 2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

Craniosynostoses are a group of diseases, the presentation of which differs markedly on account of the cranial suture involved. Their impact is cosmetic, cerebral, and ophthalmologic. Syndromic craniosynostoses associate a more or less pronounced faciostenosis, which requires surgical correction as well, because of cosmetic, ophthalmologic or airway problems. Surgical treatment depends on the type of the craniosynostosis and the patient?s

P Dhellemmes; P Pellerin; M Vinchon; N Capon

2002-01-01

241

L'enseignement des langues: Pour qui? Pour quoi? (Language Teaching: For Whom? For What Purpose?). Proceedings of the annual Symposium of the Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics (7th, Sherbrooke, Canada, May 6, 1976). Publication B-62.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These 16 papers in French and English deal with questions related to the purpose of learning a language, one's native language as well as a second one. Specifically, the presentations deal with the following topics: (1) consideration of learners' needs; (2) the usefulness of learning English in Quebec; (3) the tension between knowledge and…

Taggart, Gilbert, Ed.

242

L'application d'un modele mathematique a l'analyse de dissertations en langue seconde: utile ou pas (Application of a Mathematical Model in the Analysis of Essays in a Second Language: Useful or Not?)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study analyzed the second-language essays of seven anglophone and one French-speaking Quebec university students enrolled in a literature course by using a cognitive-metacognitive framework developed for mathematical problem-solving and a think-aloud protocol. Results indicate the framework, with some adjustments, is a reliable tool for…

Corbeil, Giselle

1998-01-01

243

Le Rapport langue-culture dans les organisations internationales: Pour Une Sociologie des organisations internationales (The Relationship between Language and Culture in International Organizations: Toward a Sociology of International Organizations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Understanding the work of international organizations requires an understanding of the relationship between language and culture, a relationship evident in the activities of the international organizations. This relationship is partly responsible for the negative image of such organizations. Research in the sociology of international…

Jastrab de Saint Robert, de Marie-Josee

1988-01-01

244

The Teaching of Russian Language and Literature in Europe = L'enseignement de la langue et de la litterature russes en Europe = Prepodavanie russkogo yaeyka i literatury v Europe. Proceedings of the AIMAV Seminar (17th, Brussels, Belgium, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from the Proceedings of the 17th meeting of the AIMAV (Association internationale pour le developpement de la communication interculturelle) are collected in this volume. Conference papers appear either in English, in French, or in Russian. For purposes of this abstract, all titles below have been translated into English. The…

Blankoff, Jean, Ed.; And Others

245

Prescription et pratique de la recherche des microdélétions du chromosome Y en France: résultats de l’enquête nationale réalisée sous l’égide de la Société d’Andrologie de Langue Française  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resume  La recherche des microdélétions du chromosome Y est conseillée en cas de troubles sévères de la spermatogenèse. Le développement\\u000a des techniques de biologie moléculaire a rendu ce diagnostic plus accessible en analyse de routine dans le cadre du bilan\\u000a d’exploration d’une infertilité masculine. Cependant, le diagnostic des microdélétions du chromosome Y n’est pas proposé par\\u000a tous les centres d’Assistance Médicale

Isabelle Esther Aknin-Seifer; Hervé Lejeune; Renaud Laurian Touraine; Rachel Levy

2003-01-01

246

Technologie de l'Education et democratisation de l'enseignement: deux methodes d'enseignement des langues vivantes (Educational Technology and Democratization of Teaching: Two Methods of Teaching Modern Languages).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study comparing two methods of teaching English as a foreign language in France: a traditional and an audiovisual method. The research methodology is described in detail. The central question is not which method is better, but who benefits most from the method used. (AMH)|

Langouet, G.

1979-01-01

247

L'Approche Macro-Linguistique du Fonctionnement des Langues et Ses Implications Pedagogiques: Role du Visuel (The Macro-Linguistic Approach to Language Functions and Its Pedagogical Implications: Role of the Visual Component). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers the function and choice of visual aids in the teaching of languages in the light of recent work on communicative competence. An analysis of cartoons, comic strips, and television drama demonstrates that authentic verbo-visual communication consists of a network of interactions between visual and verbal information. This…

Holec, H.

248

Incidence de la connaissance d'une langue de programmation sur la conception et l'implantation des programmes d'etude. Etude effectuee dans les classes de langue francaise des conseils des ecoles separees de l'Ontario (The Impact of the Knowledge of a Programming Language on the Conception and Implementation of Courses of Study. Study Carried out in French Language Classes in the Council of Separate Schools in Ontario).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students in certain French language schools in eastern Ontario took part in this initial experiment in the teaching of computer and electronic programing at the elementary school level. This project had three objectives for optimizing the pedagogical impact of these first attempts at teaching programing: (1) to describe the context of this…

Michaud, Pierre; And Others

249

Navigation d'un vehicule autonome autour d'un asteroide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les missions d'exploration planetaire utilisent des vehicules spatiaux pour acquerir les donnees scientifiques qui font avancer notre connaissance du systeme solaire. Depuis les annees 90, ces missions ciblent non seulement les planetes, mais aussi les corps celestes de plus petite taille comme les asteroides. Ces astres representent un defi particulier du point de vue des systemes de navigation, car leur

Karine Dionne

2010-01-01

250

Est-ce que l'enseignement superieur chez les jeunes femmes a considerablement reduit l'ecart entre les sexes en matiere d'emploi et de revenu?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les jeunes femmes ont gagne enormement de terrain par rapport aux hommes du meme age en ce qui concerne le niveau de scolarite atteint dans les annees 1990. L'objectif de cette etude est d'evaluer le role que joue le niveau de scolarite, qui va rapidement en augmentant, des jeunes femmes quant a leur place relative sur le marche du travail.

Marc Coulombe Simon Frenette

2007-01-01

251

Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Works in Linguistics). Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The five papers in this collection include: "Apprendre a apprendre les langues: 'Mais je veux etre un handicape linguistique!'" (Learning To Learn Languages: But I Want To Be Linguistically Handicapped!) (Richard Duda); "Pedagogie integree des langues maternelle et seconde. La conscience des problemes chez les enseignants et chez les enseignes"…

Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL), 1985

1985-01-01

252

Le role des capacites metalinguistiques et de la competence langagiere orale dans l'apprentissage de la lecture en francais langage premiere et seconde (The Role of Metalinguistic Capacities and Oral Language Skills in Learning Reading in French as a First and Second Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the role played by oral language skills and by metalinguistic capacities in the reading performance of young beginner readers in French as a second language who are in a situation of successive bilingualism and observing whether differences exist between them and their francophone peers of the same age. (Author/VWL)

Armand, Francoise

2000-01-01

253

Fiche Pratique: Concours TV 5--La television a l'ecole; Autre temps, autre temps; Cassette FDM frequence plus--l'invite; Science en francais (Practical Ideas: TV 5 Competition--Television in Schools; Once Again, Another Tense; The "FDM" Audiocassette Series--The Guest; Science in French).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The language classroom activities described include work with TV programs (interviews, cooking demonstrations, scenes without soundtrack); exercises with passe compose and passe simple verb tenses; descriptions of available French cassette programs; and use of texts on scientific subjects to build reading for meaning. (CNP)|

Cuncea, Nicolae; And Others

1993-01-01

254

Glossary of Water Resource Terms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rapidly developing field of water pollution control already has stimulated its own special language through origination of new terminology and popularization of other vocabulary formerly reserved for highly technical study. Understanding of this langu...

O. A. Titelbaum

1970-01-01

255

Development of Applications of the Critical Path Method of Management Control to Statewide Highway Programming, Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The computer programs contained in this volume are the basis for an automated critical path method approach to statewide highway programming. These fundamental computer operations have been developed individually for basic machines in the FORTRAN II langu...

1964-01-01

256

Diminution de l'avantage des immigrants en matiere de propriete : analyse de cycle de vie de la baisse de fortunes et de l'evolution de l'accession a la propriete chez les immigrants de Montreal, Toronto et Vancouver, 1981 a 2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

Par le passe, les familles d'immigrants en age de travailler dans les grandes agglomerations urbaines du Canada presentaient des taux de propriete de l'habitation superieurs a ceux de la population de souche. Ces 20 dernieres annees cependant, l'avantage est passe a la population de souche a cause tant d'une baisse des taux d'immigration que d'une hausse des taux de propriete

Michael Haan

2005-01-01

257

Etablissement reussi et segregation residentielle parmi les minorites visibles de Toronto  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depuis les annees 1960, la nature sociale du paysage urbain de Toronto s'est modifiee de facon irreversible en raison de l'arrivee de nouvelles vagues d'immigrants venus d'Afrique, d'Asie, des Caraibes, ainsi que d'Amerique centrale et d'Amerique du Sud, remplacant ainsi les flux traditionnels d'immigrants europeens de race blanche. Ce produit permet d'analyser les modeles tres differents d'etablissement des trois minorites

John Hou Feng Myles

2003-01-01

258

Un modèle dynamique de catégorisation juridique: l'``encyclopédie'' sémiotique de U. Eco  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qu'apporte le linguistic turn la philosophie du droit continentale? Il lui rvle la relation intrinsque, consubstantielle de la langue et du droit. Longtemps, en effet, la langue a t considre par les juristes comme simple\\u000a ``dictionnaire'' ie un instrument donc sans effet de structuration sur le droit. A la lumire du modle de l'``encyclopdie'', dans lequel la dfinition des mots

Alain Papaux

2004-01-01

259

Actes des journees de linguistique: Colloque sur la recherche etudiante (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference: Colloquium on Student Research) (Quebec, Canada, March 18-19, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presentations by students at a colloquium on student research on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the University of Laval's Faculty of Letters, March 18-19, 1988, include: "Une enquete sur la qualite du francais ecrit au Quebec"; "Amenagement linguistique et neologie"; "Analyse syntaxique des 'arrets et retours' en arabe morocain parle";…

Lepage, Danielle, Ed.; Dominik, Annette, Ed.

260

The Training of Modern Language Teachers in Various Countries. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 20. Selected papers from the Association Internationale pour la Recherche et la Diffusion des Methodes Audio-Visuelles et Structuro-Globales Seminar (5th, August 27-September 1, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Selected papers that address theoretical and practical training of the modern language teacher and language teaching experiments in various countries are presented. Some of the articles included are the following: "Les problemes de la formation linguistique et pedagogique des professeurs de francais en Afrique Subsaharienne" (The Problems of the…

Nivette, Jos, Ed.

261

Games for the Foreign Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two marketing games are described, "Le Marche Francais" and "El Mercado: The Mexican Market Comes to Life in the Spanish Classroom." Both are patterned after a published game entitled "Market: A Simulation Game." The adaptation in each instance relied on simplifying the original game and presenting it in a form understandable to middle school…

McMillan, Nancy; Madaras, Susan W.

262

An Analysis of Two Basic Word Lists for French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines a method of determining which words should be selected as the basic vocabulary for French courses. Rather than using frequency as its criterion, this method defines lexical utility in terms of definition, inclusion, extension, and combination. The Quebec list and the Francais Fondamental are evaluated. (EJS)|

Siliakus, H.

1978-01-01

263

Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the fifth in a continuing series of bulletins dealing with international approaches and problems in language instruction in the military. Articles contained in this volume include: (1) "Connaissez-vous Milivox?"/"Do You Know about Milivox?," (2) "L'Audiomil Francais," (3) "An Attempt at the Construction of a Phonetic Discrimination Test…

Collins, K. E., Ed.

264

En Francasis: A Supplement of Classroom Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This classroom activity supplement is designed to accompany the "En Francais" language instruction series (programs 1-13) used on closed circuit television in South Carolina. It is intended to enrich classroom follow-up of the film program and to prvide a variety of activities and suggestions for teaching French language skills. Lessons introduce…

Enwall, Beverly; Joiner, Elizabeth

265

Paradoxes in French-Language Instruction: Recent Social and Historical Research on Literacy in France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay on three recent books by outstanding scholars--"La raison scolaire" by Bernard Lahire, "Histoire de l'enseignement du francais du XVII[superscript e] au XX[superscript e] siecle" by Andre Chervel, and "L'ecole et la lecture obligatoire" by Anne-Marie Chartier--offers the opportunity to acquaint readers with French research on teaching…

Rockwell, Elsie; Galvao, Ana Maria

2012-01-01

266

De l'analyse de contextes a la pedagogie des textes (From Analysis of Context to Pedagogy of Texts)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A detailed description of the "Dictionnaire contextual de francais pour la geologie." This study is used as an example of such a dictionary serving as a basic tool in the study of functional French. Such dictionaries can be useful in conceptual approaches to language learning. (Text is in French.) (AMH)|

Lehmann, Denis

1976-01-01

267

Indexing Price Trends of French Academic Books in the Humanities and Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides data on price trends for French academic books in the humanities and social sciences for the years 1986-90 based on information from the "Bulletin Critique du Livre Francais," a monthly book-reviewing journal. A method for developing a price index for this material is demonstrated. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)|

Austin, Ronald E.

1994-01-01

268

Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics), Volume 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three papers in linguistics, all in French, are presented. "La delocutivite lexicale en francais standard: esquisse d'un modele derivationnel" ("Lexical Delocutivity in Standard French: Sketch of a Derivational Model"), by Marc Bonhomme, examines the process by which certain expressions become neologisms. "La terminologie de l'Essai de grammaire…

Py, Bernard, Ed.; Rubattel, Christian, Ed.

1989-01-01

269

On the Origin and Nature of Standard English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses origin of word "standard" and how it came to be applied to language; emergence in classical times of concept of "best" Greek and Latin, and how this had profound influence on development of high vernaculars of Europe; establishment of "le bon francais" and "good English," and application of terms "standard" and "standard English" to…

McArthur, Tom

1999-01-01

270

An Application of Didactic Criteria to Courseware Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Combines a software review with a suggestion for a format that will allow a fair comparison between similar software packages and will also be more complete, accurate, and meaningful to the potential user of the software. The software package "Le Francais Par Ordinateur" is reviewed by this method. (SED)|

Decoo, Wilfried

1984-01-01

271

Alternative Approaches to Staffing the Elementary Foreign Language Program: Cost and Time vs. Achievement and Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a Ph.D. dissertation on an experiment involving the teaching of French with the widely used "Parlons francais" course to three groups of Grade 4 students, this article compares and evaluates the methods of staffing and implementing these FLES programs described in the report. The institutional approach methods assessed are--(1) Classroom…

Otto, Frank

1968-01-01

272

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1985 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains four articles in French and three in English, including: "Lire et comprendre un texte informatif (Reading and understanding an Informative Text)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascale Fade); "Les nouveaux diplomes de Francais Language Etrangere: Le D.E.L.F. et le D.A.L.F. (The…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1985

1985-01-01

273

From CD-ROM to the WWW: Coming Full Circle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the challenges faced and solutions adopted in adapting the multimedia-rich "Varietes de francais" CD-ROM program to operate on the World Wide Web. The program runs locally to retrieve media resources, perform intelligent answer processing and data collection, and turns to the Web only when necessary for data transfer, external Web…

Burston, Jack

1998-01-01

274

Research Results in Three Large Televised FLES Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three research projects conducted by three major televised FLES programs attempted to assess the effect of follow-up activities by the classroom teacher. The programs involved in the projects were "Parlons Francais," the University of Illinois Foreign Language Instruction Project (Spanish), and the Denver-Stanford Project on the Context of…

Randall, E.S.

275

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin of Speakers") (Chantal…

Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

276

FDM Video Classe: Modes d'emploi pour la classe (FDM Video Class: Classroom Uses).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Content and design of the videotape series FDM Video Classe, produced by the journal "Le francais dans le monde," are described and classroom uses suggested. The materials are from authentic television programs, selected to illustrate aspects of French culture. It is suggested that the teacher also provide students with supporting materials that…

Beacco, Marcella Di Giura

1996-01-01

277

Discours oraux--discours ecrits: quelles relations? Actes du 4eme colloque d'orthophoine/logopedie (Neuchatel, 3-4 octobre, 1996) (Oral Discourse--Written Discourse: What Is the Relationship? Proceedings of the Colloquium on Speech Therapy (4th, Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 3-4, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research papers on the relationship between oral and written language include: "Une distinction bien fragile: oral/ecrit" ("A Fragile Distinction: Oral/Written") (Francoise Gadet); "Oral et ecrit dans les representations des enseignants et dans les pratiques quotidiennes de la classe de francais" ("Oral and Written Language in Teachers'…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1996-01-01

278

Report on a Fulbright Year in France: Toulouse-Le Mirail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the experience which seemed to bear out the diagnosis of French history, character, and culture in "Le mal francais" by Peyrefitte. Intra-departmental relationships, the curriculum, course content, student life and attitudes, the physical plant, and the examination system are among the topics discussed. (AMH)|

Emblidge, David

1979-01-01

279

Die CREDIF-Methodik. Versuch einer kritischen Bestandsaufnahme (The CREDIF Methodology. An Attempt at a Critical Evaluation)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A critique of the audiovisual courses of Level 1 produced by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etudes pour la Diffusion du Francais. Discusses the textbook "Bonjour Line" (for 8- to 11-year-olds), "Voix et Images de France" and "De Vive Voix" (both for those older than 11). (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)|

Firges, Jean

1975-01-01

280

The French Language in the Americas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The annual bulletin of the French 8 section of the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America is presented with the texts of papers read at both the 1969 and 1970 sessions. The 1970 papers, in French, include Jean Louis Darbelnet's "Etude Sociolinguistique des contacts entre 1'Anglais et le Francais au Canada et en…

Valdman, Albert, Ed.

281

Teaching with "Voix et Images de France"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A report on the classroom use of Voix et Images de France," the French text prepared by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etude pourla Diffusion du Francais (CREDIF) at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Saint-Cloud in France. (FB)|

Marrow, G. D.

1970-01-01

282

Implementing "Voix et Images de France, Part 1," in American Schools and Colleges. Section 1, Principles of Audio-Visual Language-Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Principles of the "St. Cloud" audiovisual language instruction methodology based on "Le Francais fondamental" are presented in this guide for teachers. The material concentrates on course content, methodology, and application--including criteria for selection and gradation of course content, a description of the audiovisual and written language…

Renard, Colette; And Others

283

Some Recent French Courses: Kindergarten to Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following courses of study in French at the primary level are described and evaluated: (1) "En Avant" (E. J. Arnold, 1966), (2) "Repondez s'il vous plait" (Copp Clark, 1975), (3) "Pour les Tous Petits" (Carleton Board of Education, 1974), (4) "Dansons la Capucine (Clarke Irwin, 1973), and (5) "Le Francais Partout: Aux Yeux des Petits" (Holt,…

Weinrib, Alice

1976-01-01

284

Current Approaches to the Teaching of Foreign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five papers presented at a language conference are compiled in this report. They include: (1) "Le Francais au Pot-Pourri," or "Adapting the 'Open-Classroom' to the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (2) "We Can Teach Anyone to Speak French," (3) "The Use of Puppetry in the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (4) "A New Perspective for Integrated Foreign…

Barrett, Martin T.; And Others

285

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (15th, Quebec, Canada, March 15-16, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on language research in this volume include the following: "Temporalite en francais de France. Differences dans la conceptualisation du temps et son expression dans un texte narratif oral" ("Differences in the Conceptualization of Time and Its Expression in Oral Narratives") (Natalia Dankova); "La traduction des textes womanist: le cas de…

Goulet, Marie-Josee, Ed.

286

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1986/87.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1986/87 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains seven articles in French and four in English, including: "Learning How To Learn English"; "Socrate est-il un chat? Pratiquer le syllogisme pour apprendre a argumenter (Is Socrates a Cat? Practicing Syllogisms To Learn To Argue)"; "La production orale en francais des…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1987

1987-01-01

287

Television en classe!: L'experience "FDM video plus" (Television in Class!; The FDM Video Plus Experiment).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problems and value of television as instructional material for the second-language classroom are discussed, and a new videocassette series produced by the journal "Francais dans le Monde" is described. Criteria for topic and segment selection are outlined, and suggestions are made for classroom use. (MSE)|

di Giura, Marcella Beacco

1994-01-01

288

Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

2001-01-01

289

Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

2001-01-01

290

Melanges, No. 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Ethnographie comparee de la salle de classe en France et en grande-Bretagne" (Comparative Ethnography of the Classroom Environment in France and Great Britain) (F. Carton); "Pour une approche micro et macro du francais parle dans la formation des enseignants de FLE" (Toward a Micro and…

Melanges, 1997

1997-01-01

291

Discours oraux--discours ecrits: quelles relations? Actes du 4eme colloque d'orthophoine/logopedie (Neuchatel, 3-4 octobre, 1996) (Oral Discourse--Written Discourse: What Is the Relationship? Proceedings of the Colloquium on Speech Therapy (4th, Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 3-4, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research papers on the relationship between oral and written language include: "Une distinction bien fragile: oral/ecrit" ("A Fragile Distinction: Oral/Written") (Francoise Gadet); "Oral et ecrit dans les representations des enseignants et dans les pratiques quotidiennes de la classe de francais" ("Oral and Written Language in Teachers'…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1996-01-01

292

Television en classe!: L'experience "FDM video plus" (Television in Class!; The FDM Video Plus Experiment).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems and value of television as instructional material for the second-language classroom are discussed, and a new videocassette series produced by the journal "Francais dans le Monde" is described. Criteria for topic and segment selection are outlined, and suggestions are made for classroom use. (MSE)

di Giura, Marcella Beacco

1994-01-01

293

On the Origin and Nature of Standard English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses origin of word "standard" and how it came to be applied to language; emergence in classical times of concept of "best" Greek and Latin, and how this had profound influence on development of high vernaculars of Europe; establishment of "le bon francais" and "good English," and application of terms "standard" and "standard English" to…

McArthur, Tom

1999-01-01

294

Die CREDIF-Methodik. Versuch einer kritischen Bestandsaufnahme (The CREDIF Methodology. An Attempt at a Critical Evaluation)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critique of the audiovisual courses of Level 1 produced by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etudes pour la Diffusion du Francais. Discusses the textbook "Bonjour Line" (for 8- to 11-year-olds), "Voix et Images de France" and "De Vive Voix" (both for those older than 11). (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

Firges, Jean

1975-01-01

295

An Analysis of Two Basic Word Lists for French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a method of determining which words should be selected as the basic vocabulary for French courses. Rather than using frequency as its criterion, this method defines lexical utility in terms of definition, inclusion, extension, and combination. The Quebec list and the Francais Fondamental are evaluated. (EJS)

Siliakus, H.

1978-01-01

296

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1985 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains four articles in French and three in English, including: "Lire et comprendre un texte informatif (Reading and understanding an Informative Text)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascale Fade); "Les nouveaux diplomes de Francais Language Etrangere: Le D.E.L.F. et le D.A.L.F. (The…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1985

1985-01-01

297

Current Approaches to the Teaching of Foreign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers presented at a language conference are compiled in this report. They include: (1) "Le Francais au Pot-Pourri," or "Adapting the 'Open-Classroom' to the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (2) "We Can Teach Anyone to Speak French," (3) "The Use of Puppetry in the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (4) "A New Perspective for Integrated Foreign…

Barrett, Martin T.; And Others

298

FDM Video Classe: Modes d'emploi pour la classe (FDM Video Class: Classroom Uses).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content and design of the videotape series FDM Video Classe, produced by the journal "Le francais dans le monde," are described and classroom uses suggested. The materials are from authentic television programs, selected to illustrate aspects of French culture. It is suggested that the teacher also provide students with supporting materials that…

Beacco, Marcella Di Giura

1996-01-01

299

From CD-ROM to the WWW: Coming Full Circle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the challenges faced and solutions adopted in adapting the multimedia-rich "Varietes de francais" CD-ROM program to operate on the World Wide Web. The program runs locally to retrieve media resources, perform intelligent answer processing and data collection, and turns to the Web only when necessary for data transfer, external Web links,…

Burston, Jack

1998-01-01

300

Report on a Fulbright Year in France: Toulouse-Le Mirail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the experience which seemed to bear out the diagnosis of French history, character, and culture in "Le mal francais" by Peyrefitte. Intra-departmental relationships, the curriculum, course content, student life and attitudes, the physical plant, and the examination system are among the topics discussed. (AMH)

Emblidge, David

1979-01-01

301

Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics), Volume 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers in linguistics, all in French, are presented. "La delocutivite lexicale en francais standard: esquisse d'un modele derivationnel" ("Lexical Delocutivity in Standard French: Sketch of a Derivational Model"), by Marc Bonhomme, examines the process by which certain expressions become neologisms. "La terminologie de l'Essai de grammaire…

Py, Bernard, Ed.; Rubattel, Christian, Ed.

1989-01-01

302

Research Results in Three Large Televised FLES Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three research projects conducted by three major televised FLES programs attempted to assess the effect of follow-up activities by the classroom teacher. The programs involved in the projects were "Parlons Francais," the University of Illinois Foreign Language Instruction Project (Spanish), and the Denver-Stanford Project on the Context of…

Randall, E.S.

303

En Francasis: A Supplement of Classroom Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This classroom activity supplement is designed to accompany the "En Francais" language instruction series (programs 1-13) used on closed circuit television in South Carolina. It is intended to enrich classroom follow-up of the film program and to prvide a variety of activities and suggestions for teaching French language skills. Lessons introduce…

Enwall, Beverly; Joiner, Elizabeth

304

Melanges, No. 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Ethnographie comparee de la salle de classe en France et en grande-Bretagne" (Comparative Ethnography of the Classroom Environment in France and Great Britain) (F. Carton); "Pour une approche micro et macro du francais parle dans la formation des enseignants de FLE" (Toward a Micro and…

Melanges, 1997

1997-01-01

305

Actes des journees de linguistique: Colloque sur la recherche etudiante (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference: Colloquium on Student Research) (Quebec, Canada, March 18-19, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presentations by students at a colloquium on student research on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the University of Laval's Faculty of Letters, March 18-19, 1988, include: "Une enquete sur la qualite du francais ecrit au Quebec"; "Amenagement linguistique et neologie"; "Analyse syntaxique des 'arrets et retours' en arabe morocain parle";…

Lepage, Danielle, Ed.; Dominik, Annette, Ed.

306

Some Recent French Courses: Kindergarten to Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following courses of study in French at the primary level are described and evaluated: (1) "En Avant" (E. J. Arnold, 1966), (2) "Repondez s'il vous plait" (Copp Clark, 1975), (3) "Pour les Tous Petits" (Carleton Board of Education, 1974), (4) "Dansons la Capucine (Clarke Irwin, 1973), and (5) "Le Francais Partout: Aux Yeux des Petits" (Holt,…

Weinrib, Alice

1976-01-01

307

Indexing Price Trends of French Academic Books in the Humanities and Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides data on price trends for French academic books in the humanities and social sciences for the years 1986-90 based on information from the "Bulletin Critique du Livre Francais," a monthly book-reviewing journal. A method for developing a price index for this material is demonstrated. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)

Austin, Ronald E.

1994-01-01

308

Implementing "Voix et Images de France, Part 1," in American Schools and Colleges. Section 1, Principles of Audio-Visual Language-Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principles of the "St. Cloud" audiovisual language instruction methodology based on "Le Francais fondamental" are presented in this guide for teachers. The material concentrates on course content, methodology, and application--including criteria for selection and gradation of course content, a description of the audiovisual and written language…

Renard, Colette; And Others

309

Teaching with "Voix et Images de France"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report on the classroom use of Voix et Images de France," the French text prepared by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etude pourla Diffusion du Francais (CREDIF) at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Saint-Cloud in France. (FB)

Marrow, G. D.

1970-01-01

310

Paradoxes in French-Language Instruction: Recent Social and Historical Research on Literacy in France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay on three recent books by outstanding scholars--"La raison scolaire" by Bernard Lahire, "Histoire de l'enseignement du francais du XVII[superscript e] au XX[superscript e] siecle" by Andre Chervel, and "L'ecole et la lecture obligatoire" by Anne-Marie Chartier--offers the opportunity to acquaint readers with French research on teaching…

Rockwell, Elsie; Galvao, Ana Maria

2012-01-01

311

An Application of Didactic Criteria to Courseware Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combines a software review with a suggestion for a format that will allow a fair comparison between similar software packages and will also be more complete, accurate, and meaningful to the potential user of the software. The software package "Le Francais Par Ordinateur" is reviewed by this method. (SED)

Decoo, Wilfried

1984-01-01

312

De l'analyse de contextes a la pedagogie des textes (From Analysis of Context to Pedagogy of Texts)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A detailed description of the "Dictionnaire contextual de francais pour la geologie." This study is used as an example of such a dictionary serving as a basic tool in the study of functional French. Such dictionaries can be useful in conceptual approaches to language learning. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Lehmann, Denis

1976-01-01

313

Games for the Foreign Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two marketing games are described, "Le Marche Francais" and "El Mercado: The Mexican Market Comes to Life in the Spanish Classroom." Both are patterned after a published game entitled "Market: A Simulation Game." The adaptation in each instance relied on simplifying the original game and presenting it in a form understandable to middle school…

McMillan, Nancy; Madaras, Susan W.

314

Compte rendu d'une experience pedagogique. L'Enseignement de la competence de communication en langues secondes. (An Account of a Pedagogical Experiment. The Teaching of Communicative Competence in Second Languages). Acts of the Colloguium of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics. CILA Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three methodological "hypotheses" elaborated by the "Centre interuniversitaire de recherche pour le recyclage des maitres d'italien" are presented here. These hypotheses came from three teams of teachers working from different perspectives on sets of lessons for beginners of all ages. Each team's operative assumptions, type of text, guiding…

Brunet, J.; Jammot, M. T.

315

Pour une ecole ouverte aux langues. Actes du Collogue organisi par le Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneve, Suisse, le 19 novembre, 1994) = Toward a School Open to Languages. Proceedings of a Colloquium of the Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneva, Switzerland, November 19, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The proceedings of a Swiss conference on languages in education include: a brief preface about the conference topic; summaries in French, Albanian, German, English, Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese; background information on the conference; statistics on the home and community languages of Swiss elementary and secondary school students; the…

Goumoens, Claire de, Ed.

316

From randomized trials to the clinic: is it time to implement individual lung-cancer screening in clinical practice? A multidisciplinary statement from French experts on behalf of the french intergroup (IFCT) and the groupe d'Oncologie de langue fran?aise (GOLF)  

PubMed Central

Background Despite advances in cancer therapy, mortality is still high except in early-stage tumors, and screening remains a challenge. The randomized National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), comparing annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) and chest X-rays, revealed a 20% decrease in lung-cancer-specific mortality. These results raised numerous questions. The French intergroup for thoracic oncology and the French-speaking oncology group convened an expert group to provide a coherent outlook on screening modalities in France. Methods A literature review was carried out and transmitted to the expert group, which was divided into three workshops to tackle specific questions, with responses presented in a plenary session. A writing committee drafted this article. Results The multidisciplinary group favored individual screening in France, when carried out as outlined in this article and after informing subjects of the benefits and risks. The target population involves subjects aged 55–74 years, who are smokers or have a 30 pack-year smoking history. Subjects should be informed about the benefits of quitting. Screening should involve LDCT scanning with specific modalities. Criteria for CT positivity and management algorithms for positive examinations are given. Conclusions Individual screening requires rigorous assessment and precise research in order to potentially develop a lung-cancer screening policy.

Couraud, S.; Cortot, A. B.; Greillier, L.; Gounant, V.; Mennecier, B.; Girard, N.; Besse, B.; Brouchet, L.; Castelnau, O.; Frappe, P.; Ferretti, G. R.; Guittet, L.; Khalil, A.; Lefebure, P.; Laurent, F.; Liebart, S.; Molinier, O.; Quoix, E.; Revel, M.-P.; Stach, B.; Souquet, P.-J.; Thomas, P.; Tredaniel, J.; Lemarie, E.; Zalcman, G.; Barlesi, F.; Milleron, B.

2013-01-01

317

Le corps et la metaphore dans les langues gestuelles: A la recherche des modes de production des signes (The body and metaphor in gestural languages: In search of the modes of production of signs) by Danielle Bouvet (Paris: L'Harmattan, ????, ??? pp., (paper))  

Microsoft Academic Search

T ?? ???????? of the centrality of iconicity and indexicality has been a nagging one in the linguistics of signed languages, almost from the beginning of modern attempts to describe these languages in linguistic terms. This is so because of the linguistic doctrine, enunciated by Saussure and many others, of the ‘‘arbitrariness of the sign.’’ According to this doctrine, linguistic

David F. Armstrong

318

Pour une ecole ouverte aux langues. Actes du Collogue organisi par le Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneve, Suisse, le 19 novembre, 1994) = Toward a School Open to Languages. Proceedings of a Colloquium of the Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneva, Switzerland, November 19, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of a Swiss conference on languages in education include: a brief preface about the conference topic; summaries in French, Albanian, German, English, Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese; background information on the conference; statistics on the home and community languages of Swiss elementary and secondary school students; the…

Goumoens, Claire de, Ed.

319

(Biotechnology for the conversion of lignocellulosics)  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of the traveler's participation in the International Energy Agency (IEA) Network planning meeting for Biotechnology for the Conversion of Lignocellulosics,'' held at the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), Rueil-Malmaison, France. It also summarizes the results of discussions held at Aston University, Birmingham, UK, with Dr. Martin Beevers with whom the traveler is attempting to initiate a collaborative research project that will be beneficial to ongoing research programs at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The itinerary for the trip is given in Appendix A; the names of the people contacted are listed in Appendix B. Also, pertinent information about the Institut Francais du Petrole is attached (Appendix C). 1 tab.

Woodward, J.

1990-10-25

320

Geo-Ethnicity, Epistolary Affect, and Reception in French Prose Fiction of the Enlightenment: An Experiment in Data Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A s literary studies move increasingly to the use of machine-readable texts, some precoded with markers of external and internal features, the availability of documents in database formats' will undoubtedly influence the direction of future criticism. The present article is an exercise in the use of an expanded Bibliographie du genre romanesque francais, 1700-1800 (hereafter MMF-2), a bibliographic database of

Richard L. Frautschi

1995-01-01

321

Deployment of the deep sea ROV VICTOR 6000 from board the German research icebreaker POLARSTERN in polar regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the frame of a Franco-Germam co-operation between the German “ Alfred Wegener Institut for Polar and Marine Research” (AWI) and the french “Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer” (IFREMER) the French Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) “VICTOR 6000” was successfully deployed from board R\\/V “POLARSTERN” during the polar expedition ARK XV\\/1 from 23.06 to 18.07.1999 to Fram

M. Nokin; T. Soltwedel; M. Klages

2000-01-01

322

Honey Characterization and Adulteration Detection by Pattern Recognition Applied on HPAEC-PAD Profiles. 1. Honey Floral Species Characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

An improved COFRAC (COmiteFRancais d'ACreditation) method for the analysis and evaluation of the quality of honeys by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography of sugar profiles is proposed. With this method, both minor and major sugars are simultaneously analyzed and the technique is integrated in a new chemometric approach, which uses the entire chromatographic sugars profile of each analyzed sample to characterize honey

Christophe B. Y. Cordella; Julio S. L. T. Militão; Marie-Claude Clément; Daniel Cabrol-Bass

2003-01-01

323

Dimerize ethylene to butene-1  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has developed a new process, Alphabutol, to dimerize selectively ethylene to butene-1. The Alphabutol process uses a homogeneous catalyst which means that reactants, products and catalyst are all soluble in the same liquid phase. The new catalytic system used in the Alphabutol process avoids isomerization of butene-1 to butene-2. Therefore, there is no need for product superfractionation.

Commereuc, D.; Andrews, J.; Chauvin, Y.; Gillard, J.; Leonard, J.

1984-11-01

324

Offshore data base shows decline in rig accidents  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has compiled statistical figures on offshore accidents for risk, safety, and reliability studies. IFP calls this data base Platform. It provides a body of essential data for accidents concerning both mobile and stationary offshore drilling rigs. Historical accident data bases are a basic implement for risk assessment of safety and reliability. IFP has built this data base with all available information from 950 actual listings.

Bertrand, A.; Escoffier, L. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Maimaison (FR))

1991-09-16

325

How to estimate production cost by steam drive  

SciTech Connect

The expense of steam flooding, and that of any other enhanced recovery program, can only be justified if the returns are economically attractive. Trying to determine in advance if this is the case can be difficult, but studies at Institut Francais du Petrole make such a determination fairly simple and rapid. The method is based on a theoretical grid system, with each grid having two wells - a producing well and an injection well. Standardized equipment is recommended throughout.

Burger, J.; Champlon, D.

1983-06-01

326

Problemes theoriques et methodologiques dans l'etude des langues/dialectes en contact aux niveaux macrologique et micrologique = Theoretical and Methodological Issues in the Study of Languages/Dialects in Contact at Macro- and Micro-Logical Levels of Analysis. Proceedings of the International Conference DALE (University of London)/ICRB (Laval University, Quebec)/ICSBT (Vrije Universiteit te Brussel) (London, England, May 23-26, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from an international conference on the interaction of languages and dialects in contact are presented in this volume. Papers include: "Quelques reflexions sur la variation linguistique"; "The Investigation of 'Language Continuum' and 'Diglossia': A Macrological Case Study and Theoretical Model"; "A Survey of Dialect Grammar in British…

Blanc, Michel, Ed.; Hamers, Josiane F., Ed.

327

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1984 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains five articles in French and two in English. These include the following: "Enseignement individuel vs. enseignement de masse (Individual Instruction vs. Large Group Instruction)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascal Fade); "Systemes 'autonomisants' d'apprentissage des langues

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1984

1984-01-01

328

Views and Workshops of a Master's Class in Intercultural Competence: Mill's Model of Intercultural Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is the result of a participative process in which the students of the Master's Degree "Didactique des Langues" (foreign language didactics) at Universite du Maine (Le Mans, France) explored through whole-class activities the field of intercultural dialog and intercultural competence teaching. Our approach to intercultural teaching…

Ioannitou, Gina

2010-01-01

329

Du laboratoire surveille a l'approche modulaire: Contrainte ou autonomie? (From the Supervised Laboratory to the Modular Approach: Constraint or Autonomy?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of the second language team at the "Centre de Langue Francaise" (CLF) at McGill University (Montreal) is reported. The emphasis placed on designing courses and laboratory experiences in response to student needs is reviewed from the late 1960's until the present. Some of the factors that were operative in curriculum change were the…

Aubert, Jean-Phillipe

1980-01-01

330

Bilinguisme et biculturalisme: Theories et pratiques professionnelles. Actes du 2eme colloque d'orthophomie/logopedie (Neuchatel, 17-18 septembre, 1992). (Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Theories and Professional Practices. Colloquium on Orthophony/Logopedy (2nd, Neuchatel, Switzerland, September 17-18, 1992)).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference papers from a colloquium on issues in bilingualism and biculturalism include: "Le bilinguisme et biculturalisme: essai de definition" ("Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Attempt at Definition") (Francois Grosjean); "La variation individuelle dans l'acquisition d'une langue seconde" ("Individual Variation in Second Language…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1993-01-01

331

Bilinguisme et biculturalisme: Theories et pratiques professionnelles. Actes du 2eme colloque d'orthophomie/logopedie (Neuchatel, 17-18 septembre, 1992). (Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Theories and Professional Practices. Colloquium on Orthophony/Logopedy (2nd, Neuchatel, Switzerland, September 17-18, 1992)).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The conference papers from a colloquium on issues in bilingualism and biculturalism include: "Le bilinguisme et biculturalisme: essai de definition" ("Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Attempt at Definition") (Francois Grosjean); "La variation individuelle dans l'acquisition d'une langue seconde" ("Individual Variation in Second Language…

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1993-01-01

332

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1984 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains five articles in French and two in English. These include the following: "Enseignement individuel vs. enseignement de masse (Individual Instruction vs. Large Group Instruction)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascal Fade); "Systemes 'autonomisants' d'apprentissage des langues

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1984

1984-01-01

333

BASETY: Extension et typicalité des exemplaires pour 21 catégories d'objets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basety est une base de données sémantiques d'exemplaires de 21 catégories d'objets (animaux, arbres, armes, édifices, fleurs, fruits, insectes, instruments de musique, jeux, jouets, légumes, mammifères, meubles, oiseaux, outils, poissons, professions, récipients, sports, véhicules, et vêtements), chaque exemplaire étant associé à un indice de typicalité. Basety a été établie à partir des réponses de 370 participants de langue maternelle française,

Laure Léger; Hind Boumlak; Charles Tijus

2008-01-01

334

Communication, langage et cerveau : du passé antérieur au futur proche  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this article is to share some reflection on the astonishing evolution of the ideas in communication neuroscience and neurolinguistics over the last 30 years, since the founding of the société de neuropsychologie de langue française. in particular, a number of conceptual and methodological advancements have characterized this period, many of which have been lead or heavily contributed

Y. Joanette; A. I. Ansaldo; S. Carbonnel; B. Ska; K. Kahlaoui; J.-L. Nespoulous

2008-01-01

335

ADE Ada Compiler Version 5.234, Eclipse MV/10000, MV/4000, MV/6000, MV/8000C, MV/8000II, Rolm MSE/800 Using AOS/VS 3.12.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to document the results of testing performed on the Ada compiler, and in particular, to: 1) identify any language constructs supported by the compiler that do not conform to the Ada standard; 2) identify any unsupported langu...

1984-01-01

336

"I Want to Go Back to the Text": Response Strategies on the Reading Subtest of the New TOEFL[R  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the reading and test-taking strategies that test takers used on the "Reading" section of the "LanguEdge Courseware" (2002) materials developed to familiarize prospective respondents with the new TOEFL. The investigation focused on strategies used to respond to more traditional "single selection" multiple-choice formats (i.e.,…

Cohen, Andrew D.; Upton, Thomas A.

2007-01-01

337

Bilingual signed and spoken language acquisition from birth: implications for the mechanisms underlying early bilingual language acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Divergent hypotheses exist concerning the types of knowledge under- lying early bilingualism, with some portraying a troubled course marred by language delays and confusion, and others portraying one that is largely unremarkable. We studied the extraordinary case of bilingual acquisition across two modalities to examine these hypotheses. Three children acquiring Langues des Signes Que! be! coise and French, and three

LAURA ANN PETITTO; MARINA KATERELOS; BRONNA G. LEVY; KRISTINE GAUNA; KARINE TÉTREAULT; VITTORIA FERRARO

2001-01-01

338

Moroccan Children and Arabic in Spanish Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses classical Arabic as a minority language for Moroccan children in Spanish schools. It highlights programs of "education des langues et cultures d'origine" (ELCO), which specifically target these students. ELCO is the only public program in Spain recognizing Arabic as an immigrant minority language. Intercultural educational…

Garcia, Bernabe Lopez; Molina, Laura Mijares

339

Downhole frac monitoring system developed  

SciTech Connect

A hydraulic fracture monitoring system makes it possible to determine the azimuth, length, and height of hydraulic fractures. Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has designed, patented, and field tested the system, which is designated Simfrac. It consists of a downhole monitoring tool with real-time surface readout and recording of microseismic events generated during the fracture opening or closing that occurs after the injection of fracture fluids. Combining Simfrac Interpretation with mathematical models can provide a better image of downhole stresses improved hydraulic fracture design, and can indicate optimum drill sites.

Sarda, J.P.; Wittrisch, C.; Perreau, P.; Deflandre, J.P.

1987-04-06

340

LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen  

SciTech Connect

Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

NONE

1997-02-24

341

From Paradigms To Eclecticism: Thematic Profiles of German Language Core Sociology Journals 1984-1991 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

De paradigmes à l'électicisme: Profiles thématiques des revues en sciences sociales de langue allemande 1984-1991. La banque de données bibliographique SOLIS (Système d'information pour la littérature en sciences sociales) du Centre d'information en sciences sociales à Bonn a été utilisée comme base empirique pour une recherche sur le changement thématique et la structure paradigmatique de la sociologie dans les pays

Heinrich Best; Renate Ohly

1994-01-01

342

A dictionary of Astronomy for the French Sign Language (LSF)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since a few years, the french deaf communauty have access to astronomy at Paris-Meudon observatory through a specific teaching adapted from the French Sign Language (Langue des Signes Françcaise, LSF) including direct observations with the observatory telescopes. From this experience, an encyclopedic dictionary of astronomy The Hands in the Stars is now available, containing more than 200 astronomical concepts. Many of them did not existed in Sign Language and can be now fully expressed and explained.

Proust, Dominique; Abbou, Daniel; Chab, Nasro

2011-06-01

343

In the realm of the game: The production and consumption of space in interactive media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although in recent years interactive gaming has become a billion-dollar industry and a major cultural phenomenon in the U.S. and around the world, there has been little thought of attributing cultural or social value to it. Aimed at filling this gap, this study explicates the langue, i.e., the underlying logic, organizing principles, and baseline assumptions, of computer- and video games

Yi-Chien Lee

1998-01-01

344

Valorisation du multilinguisme et de l’éducation bilingue dans des familles immigrantes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Dans cet article, nous explorons la valorisation du multilinguisme et de l’éducation bilingue telle que rapportée dans des\\u000a entrevues avec des parents immigrants dont les enfants sont inscrits à l’immersion française dans la région métropolitaine\\u000a de Vancouver. L’analyse des données indique que l’apprentissage des langues et la socialisation langagière dépasse la simple\\u000a transmission de valuers, de pratiques et de répertoires

Diane Dagenais; Marianne Jacquet

2000-01-01

345

The determination of residence times in a pilot plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is well known that residence time distributions (RTD) are very important in many chemical processes such as separation, reforming, hydrocracking, fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfuration, hydrogenation among others [3 Procédés de transformation, Editions Technip, Institute Francais du Petrole, Paris, France, 1998]. In addition, tracers can be used to measure the velocity, distribution and residence time of any stream through any part of an industrial [Guidebook on Radioisotope Tracers in Industry, IAEA, Vienna, 1990] or experimental system. Perhaps the best quality of radiotracers is that they do not interfere with normal unit operations or production scheduling. In this paper are presented the RTDs obtained in a pilot plant for a hydrogenation process [IMP, Technical Report, Determinación del tiempo de residencia promedio en el reactor de la planta piloto de hidroagotamiento de crudo, 2002]. The RTDs show a random phenomenon, which is not typical of this type of chemical processes. Several RTDs were determined in order to confirm this random behavior. The data were obtained using as a tracer a radioactive form of sodium iodide containing iodine-131 [The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 10th Ed., Van Nostrand Reinhold, USA, 1981]. The process works with two phases in a countercurrent flow, inside a packed column. The liquid phase goes down by gravity. The gas phase goes up due to pressure difference [3 Procédés de transformation, Editions Technip, Institute Francais du Petrole, Paris, France, 1998]. The tracer was selected such that it would follow the liquid phase.

Ramírez, F. Pablo; Cortés, M. Eugenia

2004-01-01

346

First Analysis of the ?_5 Band of DNO_3 (deuterated Nitric Acid) in the 11 ?m Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The infrared spectrum of DNO_3 (deuterated nitric acid) was recorded at high resolution (0.0018 cm ^{-1}) in the 800 -1400 cm ^{-1} region on the Bruker IFR 120 HR Fourier transform spectrometer of Wuppertal. The analysis of the ?_5 A-type band of DNO_3 centered at 887.656 cm ^{-1} was performed taking use of the ground state parameters achieved by Drouin et al. This band is perturbed by several resonances. [1] Drouin, Miller, Fry, Petkie, Helminger, Medvedev, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 236 (2006) 29-34 [2] Acknowledgment: The work was supported through the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (research program LC06071) and scholarship of the French government (Bourse du Gouvernement Francais - Bourse de Doctorat en co-tutelle).

Koubek, J.; Perrin, A.; Beckers, H.; Willner, H.

2009-06-01

347

Concrete production floating platforms  

SciTech Connect

The floating production platforms operating in the North Sea are adapted from drilling semisubmersibles which allow only a limited payload capacity. Experience of concrete production platforms constructed for the North Sea has led Sea Tank Co. to propose a floating platform which offers large payload and oil storage capacities similar to those of existing fixed platforms. Sea Tank Co. and Institut Francais du Petrole joined forces in early 1976 to study the feasibility of a concrete floating production platform incorporating the structure and the production riser together. The results of this 3-yr program show that the concrete floating structure is economically attractive for permanent utilization on a production site. Furthermore, concrete has definite advantages over other materials, in its long term behavior.

Letourneur, O.; Falcimaigne, J.

1981-01-01

348

IFP offers three new process technologies  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole is offering three new processing technologies for license, including one for isomerizing normal C[sub 4] olefins to isobutylene. The latter process, called ISO-4, provides an economically attractive way for refiners and ethylene manufacturers to convert fluid cat cracker and steam cracker C[sub 4] cuts to methyl tertiary butyl ether, says IFP. In ISO-4 units, the catalyst moves continuously down the reactor bed. When it reaches the bottom, it is removed from the reactor, regenerated, and returned to the top of the bed, all continuously. With a constant flow of fresh catalyst, operations can run several years without shutdown for catalyst regeneration, IFP claims. The ISO-4 catalyst is the same type as that used in IFP's octanizing process. The low attrition rate and thorough, continuous regeneration cycle of the Octanizing catalyst result in long service.

Not Available

1992-11-23

349

Energy deskbook  

SciTech Connect

This handbook which combines the features of a glossary and an encyclopedia is a quick reference source on energy and energy related topics. The definitions and descriptive information are presented at an introductory technical non-mathematical level which lends itself to a broad range of readers. ''Cross references'' and ''see also'' references are set in bold print in the text. The table of contents serves as a general index to all entries. Both English and metric units are employed throughout and the text contains many simple illustrations. Contents, abridged: Acid gases. Adip (Shell) process. Bag filter. Calorific value. Ebullated bed. Fast reactor. Garrett coal gasification process. IFX (Institut Francais du Petrole) process. Quad. SCOT (Shell-Claus off-gas treating). Woodall-Duckham/Gas Integrale process. Zinc chloride catalytic process.

Glasstone, S.

1983-01-01

350

Three years' experience with the offshore self-boring pressuremeter ''PAM''  

SciTech Connect

The Offshore Self-Boring Pressuremeter (PAM) has been developed by the Institut Francais du Petrole for geotechnical investigations in water depths up to 1000 meters. The PAM was first presented at the 1981 OTC. It mainly consists of a seabed frame from which a self-boring pressuremeter probe is operated. To date, the PAM has totaled nearly 450 meters of borehole depth and more than 200 pressuremeter tests. Investigations have been performed in a wide variety of soil types. The latest deepwater campaign was carried out successfully in the Mediterranean at a water depth of 625 meters. Extensive geotechnical information is obtained from a PAM boring operation. The use of the pressuremeter method for offshore investigations and foundation designing should open up very interesting prospects.

Brucy, F.; Fay, J.B.; LeTirant, P.

1984-05-01

351

C/sub 1/C/sub 6/ alcohols from syngas  

SciTech Connect

Alcohol synthesis is a favorable way to upgrade syngas because of: positive thermodynamics, low yield of by-products and economics. Besides alcohol production for petrochemical uses, a second use has begun: the development of a competitive process for the production of C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ alcohol mixture, suitable as motor fuel blending component. Methanol is easily produced from syngas but its use as a single gasoline blend component has weaknesses. The two major problems - water-rich phase separation and vapor lock tendencies - can be alleviated by incorporating a cosolvent into the methanol-gasoline blend. The Institut Francais du Petrole (I.F.P.) process produces methanol-heavier alcohols mixture directly suitable for gasoline blending. Previous results show that a mixture of 15-20 weight % C/sub 2/+ alcohols and 80-85% methanol is adequate to avoid separation under French climatic conditions.

Courty, Ph.; Arlie, J.P.; Convers, A.; Mikitenko, P.; Sugier, A.

1984-11-01

352

Methanol gas-treating scheme offers economics, versatility  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a process that has been developed by Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) to treat natural-gas using methanol as a single, basic solvent to dehydrate, control dew point, recover hydrocarbon liquids, and sweeten produced gas. The impetus for IFP's research and developmental efforts which began in 1986 was to integrate the functional process steps - dehydration, NGL extraction, and acid-gas removal - into a compact solvent process with which water, NGL, and acid gases could be extracted with only a single solvent. Pilot testing and detailed evaluation of Ifpexol with competitive technologies indicated that it exhibits low thermal-energy requirements, has no vent emissions, and allows recovery of process water. Petro-Canada has agreed to collaborate with IFP by installing the first industrial application at its East Gilby gas plant in Alberta.

Minkkinen, A.; Larue, J.Y. (Inst. Francais du Petrole, Paris (FR)); Patel, S. (Petro-Canada Inc., Calgary (CA)); Levier, J.F. (IFP Enterprises Texas Inc., Houston, TX (US))

1992-06-01

353

Global refining beyond the year 2000 - A European perspective  

SciTech Connect

A new French publication from Editions Technip contains a broad-based discussion on the economic and processing parameters that will shape the refinery of the future. Process experts from Institut Francais Du Petrole (IFP) have constructed a {open_quotes}road map{close_quotes} for refining and petrochemical flow schemes that should interest industry planners and decision makers throughout the world. The importance attributed to the characterization of crude oils and petroleum products is stressed. On a directional basis, the industry will see more emphasis on methodologies to improve existing conversion and separation processes. Buzzwords such as biorefining, refinery integrated information systems, petrochemical/refinery integration and many others will find a forum in future publications.

Gonzalez, R.G. [ed.

1996-01-01

354

C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ Alcohols from syngas  

SciTech Connect

Alcohol synthesis is a favorable way to upgrade syngas because of: positive thermodynamics, low yield of byproducts and economics. Besides alcohol production for petrochemical uses, a second use has begun: the development of a competitive process for the production of C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ alcohol mixture, suitable as motor fuel blending component. Methanol is easily produced from syngas but its use as a single gasoline blend component has weaknesses. The two major problems-water-rich phase separation and vapor lock tendencies-can be alleviated by incorporating a cosolvent into the methanol-gasoline blend. The Institut Francais du Petrole (I.F.P.) process produces methanol-heavier alcohols mixture directly suitable for gasoline blending. Previous results/sup 1/ show that a mixture of 15-20 wt% C/sub 2/+ alcohols and 80-85% methanol is adequate to avoid separation under French climatic conditions.

Courty, P.; Arile, J.P.; Convers, A.; Mikitenki, P.; Sugler, A.

1984-11-01

355

Transfert radiatif numerique pour un code SPH  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Le besoin de reproduire la formation d'etoiles par simulations numeriques s'est fait de plus en plus present au cours des 30 dernieres annees. Depuis Larson (1968), les codes de simulations n'ont eu de cesse de s'ameliorer. D'ailleurs, en 1977, Lucy introduit une autre methode de calcul venant concurrencer la methode par grille. Cette nouvelle facon de calculer utilise en effet des points a defaut d'utiliser des grilles, ce qui est une bien meilleure adaptation aux calculs d'un effondrement gravitationnel. Il restait cependant le probleme d'ajouter le transfert radiatif a un tel code. Malgre la proposition de Brookshaw (1984), qui nous montre une formule permettant d'ajouter le transfert radiatif sous la forme SPH tout en evitant la double sommation genante qu'elle implique, aucun code SPH a ce jour ne contient un transfert radiatif satisfaisant. Cette these presente pour la premiere fois un code SPH muni d'un transfert radiatif adequat. Toutes les difficultes ont pu etre surmontees afin d'obtenir finalement le transfert radiatif "vrai" qui survient dans l'effondrement d'un nuage moleculaire. Pour verifier l'integrite de nos resultats, une comparaison avec le nonisothermal test case de Boss & Myhill (1993) nous revele un resultat fort satisfaisant. En plus de suivre fidelement la courbe de l'evolution de la temperature centrale en fonction de la densite centrale, notre code est exempt de toutes les anomalies rencontrees par les codes par grille. Le test du cas de la conduction thermique nous a lui aussi servit a verifier la fiabilite de notre code. La aussi les resultats sont fort satisfaisants. Faisant suite a ces resultats, le code fut utilise dans deux situations reelles de recherche, ce qui nous a permis de demontrer les nombreuses possibilites que nous donne notre nouveau code. Dans un premier temps, nous avons tudie le comportement de la temperature dans un disque d'accretion durant son evolution. Ensuite nous avons refait en partie une experience de Bonnell & Bastien (1993) qui tentait d'expliquer le phenomene FU Orionis. Bien que ces deux situations ne furent pas totalement approfondies dans notre cas, nous reussissons tout de meme a obtenir des resultats interessants. Tout ceci nous ouvre la porte a de nombreuses possibilites de projets qui pourront certainement etre effectues dans les annees a venir.

Viau, Joseph Edmour Serge

2001-03-01

356

Traduction francophone et validation du Pediatric Pain Coping Inventory(PPCI-F)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Les stratégies d’ajustement, d’adaptation, d’affrontement sont désignées en anglais sous le terme de coping et en français\\u000a sous le terme de faire-face. L’instrument d’évaluation des stratégies de faire face pour les enfants atteints de douleurs\\u000a qui est présenté ici a vu le jour en 1996 aux Etats-Unis pour sa version initiale en langue anglaise. La traduction et la\\u000a validation de

P. Spicher

2003-01-01

357

Algorithmes et architectures pour ordinateurs quantiques supraconducteurs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Depuis sa formulation, la theorie de l'information a ete basee, implicitement, sur les lois de la physique classique. Une telle formulation est toutefois incomplete puisqu'elle ne tient pas compte de la realite quantique. Au cours des vingt dernieres annees, l'expansion de la theorie de l'information englobant les effets purement quantiques a connu un interet grandissant. La realisation d'un systeme de traitement de l'information quantique, un ordinateur quantique, presente toutefois de nombreux defis. Dans ce document, on s'interesse a differents aspects concernant ces defis. On commence par presenter des concepts algorithmiques comme l'optimisation de calculs quantiques et le calcul quantique geometrique. Par la suite, on s'interesse au design et a differents aspects de l'utilisation de qubits bases sur les jonctions Josephson. En particulier, un nouveau design de qubit supraconducteur est suggere. On presente aussi une approche originale pour l'interaction entre qubits. Cette approche est tres generale puisqu'elle peut etre appliquee a differents designs de qubits. Finalement, on s'interesse a la lecture des qubits supraconducteurs de flux. Le detecteur suggere ici a l'avantage de pouvoir etre decouple du qubit lorsqu'il n'y a pas de mesure en cours.

Blais, Alexandre

358

The origin of life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microfossil finds have been firmly established at about 3.5 Ga (giga annee=10 9 years), but no rocks older than about 4.0 Ga have been demonstrated, leaving the history of the first 0.6 Ga missing. This gap has been filled by models of the solar system. The origin of the ocean, atmosphere, and much crustal material apparently lies in a heavy rain of comets, subsequent to the catastrophic Moon-forming event. The earliest microfossils are those of the Apex chert in Australia, about 3.5 Ga old. `Prebiotic' simulations of possible biochemistry have made some progress in recent years, but many obstacles remain, and there is no agreement as to the course of development. The `ribose nucleic acid (RNA) World', aboriginal `clay genes', and catalysis on iron-sulfide precipitates are not ruled out. The search for the `last common ancestor' has reached a point between the Bacteria and the Archaea. It is possible that this organism may have been a thermophile, similar to many modern hot spring organisms. But it is likely to have been an autotroph, and a late development after the true origin of life. Even more speculative are suggestions about the origins of metabolic sequences, in particular the origin of the genetic code. Since all modern organisms share this code (and many other things), there had to be a long history of development during the blank period of Earth history.

McClendon, John H.

1999-07-01

359

[Nosocomial pneumonia].  

PubMed

Second cause of nosocomial infections and certainly the most serious, pneumonia concerns nearly 1% of all hospitalized patients. The need for intensive care, especially mechanical ventilation, is the leading risk factor for acquiring nosocomial pneumonia. Clinical and radiological data are contributive but insufficient for diagnosis and correct selection of antibiotics. Many germs are potentially accountable for these diseases, especially Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus. The endobronchial protected brush has been considered as the gold standard for diagnosis by the fifth consensus report of SRDLF (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française). Other methods are currently proposed which are less traumatic, cheaper, easier to use and give quicker results, but their sensitivity and specificity are debated. The bacteriological results of these searches are precious guides to choose curative antibiotics. The prevention of nosocomial pneumonia has become an accepted priority for public health. PMID:8685159

Jébrak, G; Mangiapan, G

1996-06-01

360

Floridas Miami Tequesta Indian Site, Its Calusa Indian Locations, the Matacumbe Keys, and Orlandos Wikiwa Springs Generate Environmentally Significant EMFs.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Florida purchased the Tequesta ([Langue] doc Christ Spirit-signal) Indian site along the Miami River site that vigorously pulsates with even minor rainstorms entering or leaving the area. Although there is a laughable chimera of a fountain of youth associated with Ponce de Leons discovery of the Florida peninsula in about AD 1513, the Calusa (Royal Christ Jesus Spirit-signal) Indian Nation has an associated significance with EMF signals they possibly monitored throughout their area of activity. Our efforts have also led to the investigation of cultural and other influences implied by the Matacumbe Keys that indicate a shared commonality of awareness with Native Americans of the northeast such as Metacomet, or regions like Maines Grand Lake Matagamon and its associated electromagnetic Spirit Signal. Wikiwa Springs near Orlando shares much with Massachusetts (adherent of serpent Jesus Christ Spirit-signal) Natick, and New Hampshires Naticook Island. These are the locales of environmentally sensitive instrumentation.

Mac Dougall, Jean S.; Mc Leod, Roger D.; Mc Leod, David M.

2003-10-01

361

Earth, the "star" of an original Planetarium show  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thanks the spatial observations, the astronomers are abble to complete their representations of the universe, and scientists can observe the Earth as a planet like Venus or Mars. A collaboration between the CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales) and the APLF (Association des Planétariums de Langue Française or French speaking Planetariums Association) allowed the presentation into the Planetariums of (1) images and data related to spatial news, and (2) a specific show constructed by the CNES and the APLF, and devoted to Earth as an astronomical object. This original show is presented in 5 langages by 36 Planétariums since 2002, April, and we report on the reactions of both the visitors and the animators.

Azoulay, G.; Acker, A.

2003-04-01

362

Good wives, family protectors: writing Jain laywomen's memorials.  

PubMed

While Jain religious models of virtue articulate the renouncer as the focus of virtue, Jains likewise participate in the western Indian discourse of women's virtue, which centers around the dedicated wife (pativrat?) and the virtuous woman (sat?). The parole of virtue in Jain dedicatory memorials can be seen as explicitly gendered; lay Jains are represented as the great patron or the dedicated wife. For Jain laymen who cannot be represented as great patrons, there is no langue to use to represent them. For Jain laywomen, the discourse of sat?s is invoked to frame the woman as virtuous and worthy of celebration-even in those memorials where women participate in the great patron model. These memorials are a place to examine how the telling of women's lives serves as a testing ground for competing ideologies and illustrates the patterns of negotiation between ideologies based on religious identity and gender. PMID:20799421

Kelting, M Whitney

2003-01-01

363

Using Noldus Observer XT for research on deaf signers learning to read: an innovative methodology.  

PubMed

Despite years of research on the reading problems of deaf students, we still do not know how deaf signers who read well actually crack the code of print. How connections are made between sign language and written language is still an open question. In this article, we show how the Noldus Observer XT software can be used to conduct an in-depth analysis of the online behavior of deaf readers. First, we examine factors that may have an impact on reading behavior. Then, we describe how we videotaped teachers with their deaf student signers of langue des signes québécoise during a reading task, how we conducted a recall activity to better understand the students' reading behavior, and how we used this innovative software to analyze the taped footage. Finally, we discuss the contribution this type of research can have on the future reading behavior of deaf students. PMID:19587199

Ducharme, Daphne A; Arcand, Isabelle

2009-08-01

364

Comparison of effectiveness of sub-slab ventilation systems for indoor radon mitigation: A numerical study; Comparaison a l`aide d`un outil numerique de l`efficacite des systemes de ventilation active du sol limitant la penetration du radon dans l`habitat  

SciTech Connect

The functioning of an active sub-slab ventilation system (SVS) has been studied successfully with the help of a previously evaluated numerical model. The parameters explored are the permeability of the sub-slab and the gravel placed beneath it, the amplitude of applied pressure at the installation point of the system and the functioning method: depressurization or pressurization. The mechanisms contributing to the success of the two systems are identified. This numerical study shows that the presence of a layer of gravel beneath the sub-slab considerably improves the performance of the SVS. Considered separately from the extremely permeable sub-slabs, the depressurization systems perform better than the pressurization systems. 17 refs. [Francais] Le fonctionnement des Systemes de Ventilation active du Sol (SVS) a ete etudie a l`aide d`un outil numerique precedemment evalue avec succes. Les parametres explores sont les permeabilites du sol et du gravier place sous plancher bas, l`amplitude de la pression appliquee au point d`installation du systeme, et le mode de fonctionnement: Depressurisation ou Pressurisation. Les mecanismes contribuant au succes des deux systemes sont identifies. Cette etude numerique montre que la presence d`une couche de gravier sous plancher bas ameliore de facon considerable les performances des SVS. Mis a part le cas des sols extremement permeables, les systemes de Depressurisation ont de meilleures performances que les systemes de Pressurisation. 17 refs.

Bonnefous, Y.C. [Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l`Etat, 69 - Vaulx en Velin (France). Lab. Sciences de l`Habitat]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Gadgil, A.J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Allard, F. [Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA), 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

1992-04-01

365

A fast coupling for a deepwater drilling riser  

SciTech Connect

ELF AQUITAINE and TOTAL have operated the D.P. drillship Discoverer Seven Seas in the Mediterranean Sea, temporarily establishing a new world water depth record on GLP1 well located south of Marseilles in 5 624 ft of water. The success of this well and the following well GLP2 in the same area can be partially attributed to the careful engineering devoted to the riser system in cooperation with Institut Francais du Petrole (I.F.P.). This riser built by CREUSOTLOIRE uses a new connector allowing fast make-up and disassembly resulting in considerable time saving and increased safety for deep water operations. Unlike all the other riser couplings, the CREUSOT-LOIRE/I.F.P. connector has no prestressed members. The load is entirely carried through compressive stresses at the interface. This eliminates the requirement to preload by tightening six or more bolts. Therefore the connector closing time is drastically reduced and the assembly of the riser is speeded up and nearly three times faster than conventional preloaded types.

Le Peuvedic, J.P.; Guesnon, J.; Soloille, L.M.

1984-09-01

366

Development of a New Stratigraphic Trap Exploration Using Elastic-Wave Seismic Technology  

SciTech Connect

Vecta acquired 9 square miles of 9-C seismic data in Mountrail County, North Dakota with the Mission Canyon shoreline as a primary target. Vecta contracted the Institute Francais du Petrole in order to co-develop a more rigorous multicomponent seismic interpretation product. The final interpretation was very unique in that it utilized not only the 9-C seismic data but also the new jointly developed software. A Mission Canyon anomaly was developed in 2006; however, it was of insufficient size to be a commercial target at the time. Therefore, Vecta analyzed the shear data for anisotropy within the Bakken formation and successfully reentered an abandoned producer within the project area and drilled a horizontal leg through the anomalous zones of the middle member of the Bakken formation. The well was open hole completed, swab tested, sand fraced, and swab tested some more. No shows of oil were ever seen from the Bakken formation, but the well yielded considerable amounts of formation water. The well has been abandoned as non-commercial. From the swab tests, one may conclude considerable permeability exists in the formation, thus confirming the utility of the shear wave to detect fractures within the targeted formation.

Bryan DeVault

2008-02-05

367

Pilot scale production of cellulolytic enzymes by Trichoderma reesei  

SciTech Connect

The French substitute fuels program aims at the substitution of part of gasoline by methanol. In order to avoid phase separation of the gasoline-methanol blend, a cosolvant has to be added; one of the most efficient cosolvants is the mixture of acetone and butanol produced by anaerobic acetone-butanol fermentation. The Institut Francais du Petrole is thus implementing a research and development program on the production of acetone butanol from biomass, either sugar crops (fodder beets and Jerusalem artichoke) or lignocellulosic (corn stover and wheat straw). Production of sugars from lignocellulosics is a major part of this program. The enzymatic hydrolysis route, based on Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic enzymes, has been chosen since it does not cause any degradation of C/sub 5/ sugars which are good substrates of the acetone butanol fermentation. Efficient and cheap large-scale production of cellulolytic enzymes is thus a key step in this process. This paper reports on production of cellulases by Trichoderma reesei in a 3-m/sup 3/ pilot fermentor under conditions which should facilitate the scaling-up of the process. 7 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

Warzywoda, M.; Chevron, F.; Ferre, V.; Pourquie, J.

1983-01-01

368

An overview of multiphase helicoaxial pumps  

SciTech Connect

The helicoaxial concept developed by the Inst. Francais du Petrole (IFP) is one of two types of multiphase pumps extensively tested on fields and now used commercially. Helicoaxial pumps are rotodynamic turbomachines that are, in fact, hybrids between pumps and axial compressors. Helicoaxial pumps are based on special patented hydraulics designed to limit the phase separation that occurs in two-phase flow with conventional centrifugal pumps that produce a tremendous head loss. Developers have carried out extensive research and testing on actual production sites to develop helicoaxial pumping. The favorable results obtained so far confirm the soundness and versatility of the technology over a wide range of operating conditions. Helicoaxial pumps cover a larger domain of application than anticipated some years ago. They can be used with high gas volume fraction (94 to 95%) and/or low suction pressures. The pumps` inherent low weight should make them particularly attractive for large flow rates and offshore operations. Helicoaxial pumps are reliable products, technically and commercially read for field deployment.

Falcimaigne, J. [Inst. Francais du Petrole, Paris (France). Applied Mechanics Div.

1996-02-01

369

A two-dimensional regional basin model of Williston basin hydrocarbon systems  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole`s two-dimensional model, TEMISPACK, is used to discuss the functioning of petroleum systems in the Williston basin along a 330-km-long section, focusing on four regional source intervals: Ordovician Yeoman formation, Lower Devonian Winnipegosis Formation, Upper Devonian-Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation, and Mississippian Lodgepole formation. Thermal history calibration against present temperature and source rock maturity profiles suggests that the Williston basin can be divided into a region of constant heat flow of about 55 mW/m{sup 2} away from the Nesson anticline, and a region of higher heat flow and enhanced thermal maturity in the vicinity of the Nesson anticline. Original kinetic parameters used in the calibration were derived for each of the four source rocks from Rock-Eval yield curves. Bakken overpressures are entirely due to oil generation, not compaction disequilibrium. Very low Bakken vertical permeabilities range from 0.01 to 0.001 and are matched against observed overpressures, whereas Bakken porosities based on the model and confirmed by measurements are inferred to be also unusually low, around 3%.

Burrus, J.; Wolf, S.; Doligez, B. [Institut Francais due Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)] [and others

1996-02-01

370

Use of a combined personal computer and Rock-Eval in an integrated petroleum evaluation work station to estimate volumes of hydrocarbons generated and migrated in sedimentary basins  

SciTech Connect

A petroleum evaluation work station consisting in a modified Rock-Eval apparatus connected to an IBM personal computer has been designed at Institut Francais du petrole to estimate the amount of hydrocarbon generated and migrated in sedimentary basins. The work-station is provided with specific software for Rock-Eval data analysis, quick determination of kinetic parameters (Optim model), and quantitative hydrocarbon generation (Matoil model). Along with the classical Rock-Eval parameters (S{sub 0}, S{sub 1}, S{sub 2}, TOC, and T{sub max}), new parameters concerning the source rocks, such as the transformation efficiency ratio (TER), the migration efficiency ration (MER), and the initial generation capacity (IGC), are defined. These new parameters combined with geological data give access to a rapid volumetric estimation (in 10{sup 6}MT/km{sup 2}) of hydrocarbon generation and migration in the studied area. These data can be displayed on different specific maps for rapid visualization. This work station has been successfully used in the Paris and Aquitaine basins, making possible a better assessment of their petroleum potential. The petroleum evaluation work station appears to be a very valuable tool that can be used in the different phases of exploration in a sedimentary basin.

Espitalie, J.; Lafargue, E.; Drouet, S. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison)

1989-09-01

371

Manifestation of nonlinear elasticity in rock: Convincing evidence over large frequency and strain intervals from laboratory studies  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear elastic response in rock is established as a robust and representative characteristic of rock rather than a curiosity. This behavior is illustrated from a variety of experiments conducted over many orders of magnitude in strain and frequency. The evidence leads to a pattern of unifying behavior in rock: (1) Nonlinear response in rock is enormous; (2) the response takes place over a large frequency interval (dc--10{sup 6} Hz at least); (3) the response not only occurs, as is commonly appreciated, at large strains but also at small strains where nonlinear response and the manifestations of this behavior are commonly disregarded. Nonlinear response may manifest itself in a variety of manners, including a nonlinear stress{minus}strain relation (hysteretic/discrete memory), nonlinear dissipation, harmonic generation, and resonant peak shift, all of which are related. The experiments described include: quasistatic stress{minus}strain tests (strains of 10{sup -4}--10{sup -1} at frequencies near dc-1Hz); torsional oscillator experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}7}, frequencies between 0.1 and 100Hz); resonant bar experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}8}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 4} Hz); and dynamic, propagating wave experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}6}--10{sup {minus}9}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 6} Hz). [Work supported by OBES/DOE through the University of California and the Institut Francais du Petrole.

Johnson, P.A. [EES-4, MS D443, Los Alamos Natl. Lab., Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)]|[Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bureau des Mecaniques, Tour 22, 4, Pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Rasolofosaon, P.N.J. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison Cedex (France)

1995-11-01

372

2-D modeling of gas and overpressure generation in the Venture field (Canada)  

SciTech Connect

Venture field is located in an overpressured zone of gas accumulations in a region that had low sedimentation rates over the last 80 m.y. This could support the hydrocarbon generation, rather than compaction disequilibrium, as the main cause for overpressuring. Study of these accumulations can be done using the IFP (Institut Francais du Petrole) THEMIS model, which integrates compactions, hydraulic fracturation, fluid flows, heat transfer, and formation and migration of hydrocarbons. A single phase basin scale model is constructed first to assess the input parameters related to the fluid-flow reconstruction. The permeability of faults is calibrated to fit the actual pressure distribution through the field. Permeability is found to be very low and allows a fit to the regional distribution of overpressuring. In a second step, a two-phase model, restricted to the field itself, is used to test parameters related to hydrocarbon and source rocks. Gas accumulations are effectively obtained in the reservoir units. Finally, the two-phase model is extended to the regional scale to check the parameters previously assessed. At this scale, the gas and overpressure distributions are found to fit those actually observed. Gas accumulations contribute slightly to overpressuring, which is better accounted for by compaction disequilibrium despite the low sedimentation rates. Generation in or close to the reservoir unit does not contribute significantly to the gas accumulations. However, gas sources are found in the underlying formations.

Forbes, P.L.; Ungerer, P. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France)); Mudford, S. (Greenstone Geophysical Research Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada))

1990-05-01

373

Combined modeling approaches as an aid to structural interpretation  

SciTech Connect

Many exploration failures can be attributed to a misunderstanding of poorly expressed seismic data. To aid tectonic and structural interpretation, a combined modeling approach has been attempted in a joint research program between Elf Aquitaine Production, TOTAL, AGIP, and Institut Francais du Petrole. This approach involves analog and numerical modeling constrained by field geology models and examples. Well-studied field geology examples provide defined three-dimensional (3-D) geometries and provide clues about the mechanical history of deformation. However, the field models give a static image of the finite strain, and the different stages of deformation remain conjectural. Analog physical modeling using sand, glass powder, and silicone putty elucidates the kinematics and, to some extent, the mechanism of deformation. However, the oversimplified rheology of modeling materials implies analogy limitations and precludes perfect simulation of all natural examples. Numerical modeling, based on finite or distinct elements methods, permits quantification of stress and strain at each step of the deformation. It also offers a larger range of rheological parameters; however, those parameters are difficult to precisely equate to slow deformation on a geological time scale. Thus, each technique has its respective advantages and limitations, but the combination of the three approaches can help to define 3-D geometries and kinematics, and to evaluate the mechanism of deformation, which can be applied to the structural interpretation of seismic data. Such an interdisciplinary approach has been tested for various tectonic regimes, and examples will be given to illustrate this method of investigation.

Richert, J.P. (Elf Aquitaine Production, Pau (France)); Coletta, B. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France))

1993-09-01

374

Basin analysis in a Tertiary delta by numerical modeling: Mahakam case study (Indonesia)  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of the Mahakam delta is discussed on the basis of a quantitative reconstruction using the two-dimensional TEMISPACK software developed at Institut Francais du Petrole. The following steps are achieved. (1) An east-west 80-km-long regional seismic line tied on wells is used to establish a depth-section divided in 25 chronostratigraphic levels, and 40 vertical columns. Fifteen different lithologies are distinguished (between shales and sandstones, with variable total organic carbon), as interpreted from well data and seismic profiles. (2) Porosity-depth relations derived from log-data are used to backstrip the section and reconstruct the past geometries. The development of geopressures is investigated after calibration of the permeabilities on the observed lithologies. In particular, the authors account for the small-scale variations of the sandshale ratio by introducing a high anisotropy of the permeabilities. The model is shown to reproduce well observations such as depth at which geopressures appear, and gradient of pressure in the overpressured zone. The simulations show that the geopressures essentially are controlled by the distribution of the sandy layers, and are due to compaction disequilibrium (3) The generation of hydrocarbons simulated by a kinetic model and the migration (separate phase flow) of hydrocarbons is discussed. Boundary conditions and underconstrained parameters, such as capillary forces, past heat flow, etc., are discussed on the basis of a sensitivity analysis.

Burrus, J.; Brosse, E. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France)); Grosjean, Y.; Choppin de Janvry, G.; Oudin, J.L. (TOTAL, Ruiel Malmaison (France)); Bessereau, G. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France))

1990-05-01

375

Engelhard and IFP/Procatalyse set up worldwide catalysts venture  

SciTech Connect

The new joint venture between Engelhard (Iselin, N) and Procatalyse (Paris), jointly owned by process licenser Institut Francais de Petrole (IFP; Rueil Malmaison, France) and Rhone-Poulenc (RP; Paris), marks the latest episode in the worldwide catalyst industry's restructuring. The operation will combine Engelhard's catalyst line, apart from its fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) and emission catalysts, with Procatalyse's offering. To be launched at the beginning of 1993, the venture will have annual sales of about $75 million. Reforming catalysts will be the biggest part of the venture's lineup at the outset, making it number three in the US, behind UOP - which dominates the sector - and Criterion. IFP is starting to establish a presence in North America with its reforming technology. But flat gasoline demand and reductions on aromatics in gasoline limit requirements for new reforming units, comments one competitor. Although lower sulfur specifications are putting some new demand into the hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalyst market, both partners play down their prospects. The sector, whose leaders are Akzo and Crtierion, is continuing to suffer from severe overcapacity. Procatalyse's HDS business is mainly linked to IFP licensees, while Engelhard is due to mothball its Salt Lake City HDS catalyst plant by year-end, transferring output to Elyria.

Hunter, D.

1992-12-02

376

Modeling overpressures in sedimentary basins: Consequences for permeability and rheology of shales, and petroleum expulsion efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The prediction of overpressures using Institut Francais du Petrole's 2-D numerical model TEMISPACK is applied to several provinces of the world. In the Paris basin, France, normally pressured Liassic shales are shown to have permeabilities around a microdarcy, independently confirmed by laboratory measurements. In contrast, in the Norway section of the North Sea, Williston Basin, Canada, Gulf Coast, and in the Mahakam delta, observed overpressures of 10-50 MPa are consistently modeled with shale permeabilities around 1-10 nanodarcys. This theoretical value fits well with the lowest permeability measured in compacted shales. For these basins, compaction disequilibrium was found to explain most (>85%) of the overpressures. The only exception was the Williston basin in which overpressures observed in the organic-rich Bakken shales are entirely due to hydrocarbon generation. In Mahakam delta, the rheology of shales is nonlinear, i.e., the strength of shales increases rapidly with death. Consequently, shale compaction cannot be described by the linear behavior often assumed in hydrology. In the absence of fault barriers, numerical simulations and geological evidence suggest that overpressured source rocks have low or very low expulsion efficiency, irrespective of their organic content. However, shales with a permeability on the order of a microdarcy do not hinder petroleum migration.

Burrus, J.; Schneider, F.; Wolf, S. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France))

1994-07-01

377

IFP: Standing at the intersection between research and industry  

SciTech Connect

Since its formation in 1944, Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has pursued a wide range of research and development, training and information activities, servicing the complete chain of petroleum operations, ranging from exploration to the many uses of petroleum products. Standing at the intersection between research and industry, IFP combines basic research and applied industrial research. One of it roles is to contribute to renewing reserves by developing innovative technologies and to ensure the better technico-economic accessibility of discovered reserves. In exploration and reservoir engineering, the R&D program is mainly focused on subjects contributing to the development of methodologies and tools for a better assessment of petroleum resources of sedimentary basins, structural imaging, reservoir characterization, improved oil recovery, well productivity and a more intensive integration of the geosciences: geology/geophysics/reservoir engineering. Environmental protection is a subject of permanent concern at IFP. A part of the program is focused on the restoration of polluted environments. The determination to ensure the optimum dissemination of its scientific and technological patrimony in industry has justified the organization of large-scale industrial action. IFP represents an independent research center unrivaled in Europe. This situation has enabled it to emerge strongly as a leading figure in international scientific and technical circles.

Riviere, C. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

1995-08-01

378

The 1994 EUROMET collection of micrometeorites at Cap-Prudhomme, Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advance funding from IFRTP (Institut Francais pour la Recherche et pour la Technique Polaire) for micrometeorite collection at Cap-Prudhomme has allowed construction of a new micrometeorite 'factory,' conceived to greatly reduce contamination of the ultraclean ice by our activities. The potential problems include fly ash, rust grains, fuel spills 'sticking to the shoes,' and trace elements from the plasticizers used in plastic tubing. In the new factory, intended to produce and then cycle 10-15 tons of melt ice water per day, all parts exposed to water were replaced by either stainless steel or teflon. After examination with a microscope and their transfer into teflon and or glass vials, all samples were frozen the day of their collection. The factory operated from December 15, 1993, through February 6, 1994. Problems included injuries as well as very bad weather conditions, characterized by both the heaviest snow falls observed and unexpected gusts from a blizzard. Also, several new components of the factory did not function properly under the extreme conditions of Antarctica. Our major objective was to obtain the 'cleanest' and 'purest' 25-50 microns micrometeorites ever collected in Antarctica, for comparison with stratospheric Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs). We could not fulfill this premise, but we recovered the best 100-400-micron-size fraction of 'giant' micrometeorites ever collected on Earth. Our 26 daily collections are listed,refering to an 'index of quality.' Aliquots of these daily collections will be distributed to major institutions in Austria, England, the U.S.A., and Japan, to be preserved for future generations. The Antarctica ice sheet is truly a gigantic, ultraclean, and inexhaustible micrometeorite collector, but it is very tricky to recover 'ultraclean' micrometeorites from it.

Maurette, M.; Immel, G.; Engrand, C.; Kurat, G.; Pillinger, C. T.

1994-07-01

379

Heterogeneities and geometry of sedimentary bodies in a fluvio-deltaic reservoir  

SciTech Connect

This paper gives the initial results of a two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) geological study that aimed at describing reservoir heterogeneities. This study serves as a basis for the conditional simulation of the geometry of a fluvio-deltaic reservoir presented in a companion paper. These two studies should solve the difficult problems of interpolating between wells and thereby the problem of forecasting the extension of sedimentary bodies. The research is being carried out by Inst. Francais du Petrole and Center of Geostatistics, Paris School of Mines. The study was made in the middle Jurassic in Yorkshore, which is very similar to the Brent formation in the North Sea. In the 2D phase, an outcrop consisting of a 1-km (0.6-mile) -long and approximately 30-m (100-ft) -high cliff was described with a photogeological interpretation. The sedimentological representation was carried out by means of several vertical cross sections. In the 3D phase, 36 boreholes were continuously cored and logged behind the cliff over an area of 1 km/sup 2/ (0.4 sq miles). The boreholes were about 300 m (985 ft) apart except in one grid where the distance was progressively reduced to 20 m (66 ft). This phase was designed to follow the evolution of the sedimentary bodies and their physical properties and to compare the correlation that could have been made (1) with fewer boreholes and (2) without the existence of the cliff. These studies provide new tools for understanding and describing the shape and heterogeneities of a reservoir.

Ravenne, C.; Eschard, R.; Mathieu, Y.; Montadert, L.; Rudkiewicz, J.L.; Galli, A.

1989-06-01

380

Basin evaluation in deltaic series using 2-D numerical modeling a comparison of Mahakam delta and south Louisiana/Gulf of Mexico case histories  

SciTech Connect

Integrated numerical modeling of petroleum, generation and migration is difficult to apply in deltaic series. Using Institut Francais du Petrole's two-dimensional model TEMISPACK, we tried to simulate the petroleum history along a 70 km long east-west regional section in the Mahakam delta (Indonesia) and a 800 km long north-south section in south Louisiana/Gulf of Mexico. The two basins contain thick (>10 km) accumulations of the post middle miocene. The principal results are as follows (1) Both basins have similar overpressure profiles caused by thick shales with nano-darcy permeabilities. Compaction, not oil or gas generation, controls the overpressure histories. (2) In both basins, the thermal history is dominated by burial rate, thermal blanketing, and undercompaction. Basinward increases in thermal gradients are probably due to basinward increases in shale content and undercompaction, rather than geodynamic processes. (3) We used an upscaling procedure to define sedimentary facies and properties for each cell in the models. In both cases, we found a huge permeability anisotropy of interbedded facies was necessary to match observed pressure profiles and hydrocarbon distributions. This anisotropy results in a dominant [open quotes]parallel-to-bedding[close quotes] migration pattern, with only a moderate (<0.5 km) vertical migration component. (4) A fundamental difference between the Mahakam and the Gulf coast petroleum systems is the hole of growth faults. In the Gulf Coast, huge growth faults connect deep overpressured, overmature Tertiary source facies with shallow, interbedded sandy reservoirs. Enhanced vertical permeability in the vicinity of these fault zones allows for several kilometers of vertical migration. In the Mahakam delta, where growth faults are less prevalent, deep overpressured shales have very poor expulsion efficiency; gas and oil in shallow reservoirs are shown to be fed mostly by coals located above, and not within, the overpressured zone.

Burrus, J. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaoison (France)); De Choppin, J.G.; Grosjean, J.L.; Oudin, J.L. (TOTAL, Paris la Defense (France)); Schwarzer, T. (Exxon Exploration Company, Houston, TX (United States)); Schroeder, F.; Lander, R. (Exxon Production Research, Houston, TX (United States))

1993-09-01

381

Le changement comme tradition dans la recherche et la formation a la recherche en biotechnologie et en peripherie Etude de cas en sciences de la sante, sciences naturelles et genie  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Le champ de la recherche scientifique et de la formation a la recherche est traverse depuis quelques dizaines d'annees par plusieurs courants et discours associes au changement, mais peu de travaux empiriques permettent de comprendre ce qui change concretement. C'est la contribution originale de cette these au champ de l'education, plus specifiquement a l'etude sociologique de l'enseignement superieur ou sont concentrees les activites liees a la triade thematique du programme doctoral dans lequel elle a ete produite : recherche, formation et pratique. L'enquete-terrain a ete realisee en 2009 et 2010 aupres de 808 repondants affilies a 60 etablissements au Quebec et a produit un vaste materiau de nature mixte (donnees quantitatives et qualitatives). Un portrait de la nebuleuse biotechnologique qui touche les secteurs des sciences de la sante, des sciences naturelles et du genie a ete realise. Ce domaine concerne des dizaines de disciplines et se revele de nature transdisciplinaire, mais les pratiques n'y sont pas davantage marquees par le changement que celles d'autres domaines connexes. Les dynamiques sociales ont fait l'objet d'analyses comparatives dans quatre contextes: le choix des programmes, des objets et des methodes, le financement, la diffusion et la planification de la carriere. Les resultats indiquent que les echanges entre les agents traditionnellement situes au coeur des activites de recherche dominent ces dynamiques dans tous les contextes etudies. L'etude des representations au fondement des pratiques a revele l'existence de trois ecoles de pensee qui coexistent dans le champ scientifique: academique, pragmatique et economiste. Ces ecoles permettent de categoriser les agents en fonction des zones de fractures qui marquent leurs oppositions tout en identifiant ce qu'ils ont en commun. Les representations et les pratiques liees a la formation temoignent d'un habitus plutot homogene, alors que les contradictions semblent plus souvent ancrees dans des luttes universitaires que scientifiques, concentrees sur la negociation du capital scientifique, symbolique et economique en jeu dans la formation doctorale, dans les carrieres auxquelles elle mene, et dans les qualites du titre de Ph.D. Au final, la confusion entre des logiques opposees peut etre reduite en reinterpretant le changement comme tradition du champ scientifique. Mots-cles Sociologie, education, enseignement superieur, science et technologie, biotechnologie, formation doctorale, champ scientifique, reseaux sociaux

Bourque, Claude Julie

382

Evaluation d'un ecosysteme pastoral sahelien: Apport de la geomatique (Oursi, Burkina Faso)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'objectif principal de cette recherche est la mise au point d'une architecture d'integration de donnees socio-bio-geographiques et de donnees satellitales dans un Systeme d'Information Geographique (SIG) en vue d'une aide a la prise de decisions dans un environnement semi-aride au nord du Burkina Faso. Elle repond a la question fondamentale de l'interpretation des effets des facteurs climatiques et socioeconomiques sur le milieu pastoral. La recherche s'est appuyee sur plusieurs hypotheses de travail: possibilite d'utilisation de modele de simulation, d'approche multicritere et de donnees de teledetection dans un cadre de systeme d'information geographique. L'evolution spatiotemporelle des parametres de productivite du milieu a ete evaluee par approche dynamique selon le modele de Wu et al. (1996) qui modelise les interactions entre le climat, le milieu physique, le vegetal et l'animal pour mieux quantifier la biomasse primaire. A ce modele, quatre parametres ont ete integres par approche floue et multicritere afin de prendre en compte la dimension socioeconomique de la productivite pastorale (apport majeur de la recherche): la sante, l'education, l'agriculture et l'eau. La teledetection (imagerie SPOT) a permis de definir la production primaire a partir de laquelle les simulations ont ete realisees sur 10 annees. Les resultats obtenus montrent une bonne correlation entre biomasse primaire in situ et celle calculee pour les deux modeles, avec toutefois une meilleure efficacite du modele modifie (4 fois plus) dans les zones de forte productivite ou l'on note un taux de surexploitation agricole eleve. A cause de la variabilite spatiale de la production primaire in situ, les erreurs des resultats de simulation (8 a 11%) sont acceptables et montrent la pertinence de l'approche grace a l'utilisation des SIG pour la spatialisation et l'integration des differents parametres des modeles. Les types de production secondaire preconises (production de lait pendant 7 mois ou de viande pendant 6 mois) sont bases sur les besoins de l'UBT et le disponible fourrager qui est de qualite mediocre en saison seche. Dans les deux cas de figure, un deficit fourrager est observe. Deux types de transhumance sont proposes afin d'assurer une production durable selon deux scenarios: exploitation rationnelle des unites pastorales selon un plan de rotation annuelle et mise en defens a moyen terme des zones degradees pour une regeneration. Les zones potentielles pour la transhumance ont ete determinees selon les limites acceptables des criteres d'exploitation durable des milieux saheliens definis par Kessler (1994) soit 0,2 UBT.ha-1.

Kabore, Seraphine Sawadogo

383

Meeting report: Fourth Forum on Respiratory Tract Infections, Sitges, Spain, 8 11 February 2007.  

PubMed

Over 420 delegates participated in this, the fourth of a biennial series of scientific meetings, drawing from 30 or more nations and encompassing the specialties of infectious diseases, clinical microbiology, pulmonary and general medicine and Industry inter alia. The 2007 Forum was chaired by Professors Antoni Torres Marti, Giuliana Gialdroni Grassi and Dr Peter Ball and received academic endorsement from the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC), Italian Society for Chemotherapy, Spanish Pulmonology Society, Paul Ehrlich Society and the Société de Pneumologie de Langue Français. The Scientific Programme was scientifically and financially supported by the BSAC and a consortium of pharmaceutical companies. Discussion focused on key contemporary issues in respiratory tract infection (RTI), including the impact of antibiotic resistance on clinical outcomes and the continuing need for antibiotic conservation via evolving guidelines, the challenges of avian influenza, nosocomial RTIs and the emergence of new pathogens, e.g. community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, novel antimicrobial agents, disease definitions (e.g. healthcare-associated pneumonia) and therapeutic assessment criteria, such as patient-reported outcome measures, in improving RTI management. The entire meeting was granted CME recognition (18 sessions) by the European Accreditation Council for continuing medical education. PMID:17595283

Tillotson, Glenn S; Ball, Peter

2007-06-26

384

Pr?sentation de l'adaptation fran?aise de << l'?chelle de coparentage >> de McHale pour familles avec jeunes enfants  

PubMed Central

Le but de cet article est de présenter l’autoquestionnaire américain de McHale permettant l’évaluation de la qualité du coparentage ainsi qu’un premier pas en direction de sa validation structurelle et de construit en langue française. Quarante et une familles suisses francophones et 84 familles nord-américaines ont rempli ce questionnaire ainsi qu’un autre portant sur leur satisfaction conjugale (Dyadic Adjustment Scale [DAS]). Les résultats des familles suisses correspondent aux résultats américains : d’une part, la distribution des items en quatre facteurs (intégrité familiale, conflit, affection et dénigrement) est retrouvée et, d’autre part, un lien relatif entre la qualité du coparentage et celle des relations conjugales est observé. Ce deuxième résultat confirme la validité de construit du questionnaire, vu le lien reconnu entre ces deux sous-systèmes. Étant donné l’influence de la qualité du coparentage sur le développement socio-affectif de l’enfant, disposer d’un outil permettant son évaluation, dans ses aspects tant positifs (soutien, chaleur, etc.) que négatifs (dénigrement, conflit, etc.), est un atout important aussi bien en recherche qu’en clinique.

Frascarolo, F.; Dimitrova, N.; Zimmermann, G.; Favez, N.; Kuersten-Hogan, R.; Baker, J.; McHale, J.

2009-01-01

385

Feedback on the use of the MX6 Mox Fuel transport cask: reduction of the dose uptake during operations  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of the quality, safety and environment policy of AREVA, TN International has implemented a global management system according to ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001 requirements with certification obtained from third part organization (1). The design of the MX6 cask is an example of the implementation of this system in order to guarantee safety and the health of everyone involved and the protection of the environment. The MX6 design has allowed ALARA dose rates for the workers during all the phases of use of the cask, to be significantly reduced compared to previous design. The MX6 cask was developed by TN International for the transport of either BWR or PWR fresh MOX fuel assemblies. Replacing the previous SIEMENS type III and SIEMENS BWR packaging, the MX6 has been firstly used in the German Nuclear Power Plants. Complying with the TS-R-1 (IAEA 1996) regulations, the MX6 cask is based on innovative solutions implemented at each step of the design and the manufacturing. Its design includes an efficient neutron shielding for high Plutonium content and an easy use content restraining system. The large payload of the MX6 cask, 6 PWR MOX fuel assemblies or 16 BWR MOX fuel assemblies, minimizes the doses uptake during its unloading at the NPP. Moreover, new sequences of loading and unloading operations were proposed for testing and implementation in each Nuclear Facility. Concurrently, total dose uptakes by the operators were assessed in order to prove the efficiency of the packaging and the proposed sequences. In this paper, the main contributors to the transports to Germany with the MX6 cask will present their involvement and feedback for the reduction of the dose uptakes by the operators during the loading and unloading operations. Presently in use at GUNDREMMINGEN and ISAR Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs), the MX6 cask use will be extended to other German and Swiss NPPs from 2006 onwards. (1) AFAQ-AFNOR Certification for ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001, and CEFRI (Comite francais de certification des Entreprises pour la formation et le suivi du personnel travaillant sous Rayonnements Ionisants) certification in the health physics field according to its E specification. (authors)

Blachet, L.; Lallemant, Th. [TN International, AREVA Group, 78 - Montigny le Bretonneux (France)

2007-07-01

386

Etude theorique des fluctuations structurales dans les composes organiques a dimensionnalite reduite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les systemes a dimensionnalite reduite constituent maintenant une branche entiere de la physique de la matiere condensee. Cette derniere s'est developpee rapidement au cours des dernieres annees, avec la decouverte des materiaux organiques qui presentent, justement, des proprietes physiques fortement anisotropes. Cette these presente une etude en trois parties de plusieurs composes organiques qui, bien que tres differents du point de vue de leurs compositions chimiques et de leurs proprietes physiques a haute temperature, subissent tous une instabilite structurale a tres basse temperature. De plus, dans chacun des cas, l'instabilite structurale est precedee d'un important regime fluctuatif a partir duquel les proprietes physiques changent de maniere significative. Notre etude suit un ordre chronologique inverse puisque nous nous attardons en premier lieu au cas de composes recemment decouverts: les composes de la famille des (BCPTTF)2X (X = PF6 , AsF6). Ces derniers sont des isolants magnetiques a la temperature ambiante et subissent une instabilite structurale de type spin-Peierls a une temperature appelee TSP. En particulier, nous nous interessons a l'etude des proprietes physiques de ces systemes dans le regime fluctuatif, qui precede cette instabilite. Notre etude theorique nous permet de comprendre en detail comment ces systemes s'approchent de l'instabilite struturale. Dans la seconde partie de cette these, nous etudions le regime fluctuatif (pre-transitionnel) observe experimentalement dans le compose de (TMTTF)2PF6. Ce compose organique, dont la structure s'apparente aux sels de Bechgaard, subit une instabilite de type spin-Peierls a une temperature T SP = 19K. Bien que ce compose possede la particularite d'etre un bon conducteur a la temperature ambiante, il subit une transition de type Mott-Hubbard a une temperature Trho ? 220K et devient alors un isolant magnetique, analogue aux composes de la famille des (BCPTTF)2X. Le regime fluctuatif precedant l'instabilite spin-Peierls apparait ensuite vers 60K. Notre etude theorique montre qu'un modele d'electrons en interaction de type "g-ologie" avec possibilite de processus umklapp permet de bien rendre compte des proprietes physiques de ce systeme. Finalement, la troisieme partie de cette these porte sur l'etude des premiers composes organiques quasi-unidimensionnels a avoir ete synthetises: les composes de la famille du TTF-TCNQ. Notre etude theorique des instabilites structurales que presentent ces composes n'est evidemment pas la premiere. L'originalite de cette derniere est qu'elle tient compte des fortes interactions entre les electrons, presentent dans ces composes. Pour tenir compte de telles interactions, nous avons choisi la formulation "liquide de Luttinger" qui nous permet de mieux traiter ce regimne dit de couplage fort.

Dumoulin, Benoit

387

Navigation d'un vehicule autonome autour d'un asteroide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les missions d'exploration planetaire utilisent des vehicules spatiaux pour acquerir les donnees scientifiques qui font avancer notre connaissance du systeme solaire. Depuis les annees 90, ces missions ciblent non seulement les planetes, mais aussi les corps celestes de plus petite taille comme les asteroides. Ces astres representent un defi particulier du point de vue des systemes de navigation, car leur environnement dynamique est complexe. Une sonde spatiale doit reagir rapidement face aux perturbations gravitationnelles en presence, sans quoi sa securite pourrait etre compromise. Les delais de communication avec la Terre pouvant souvent atteindre plusieurs dizaines de minutes, il est necessaire de developper des logiciels permettant une plus grande autonomie d'operation pour ce type de mission. Ce memoire presente un systeme de navigation autonome qui determine la position et la vitesse d'un satellite en orbite autour d'un asteroide. Il s'agit d'un filtre de Kalman etendu adaptatif a trois degres de liberte. Le systeme propose se base sur l'imagerie optique pour detecter des " points de reperes " qui ont ete prealablement cartographies. Il peut s'agir de crateres, de rochers ou de n'importe quel trait physique discernable a la camera. Les travaux de recherche realises se concentrent sur les techniques d'estimation d'etat propres a la navigation autonome. Ainsi, on suppose l'existence d'un logiciel approprie qui realise les fonctions de traitement d'image. La principale contribution de recherche consiste en l'inclusion, a chaque cycle d'estimation, d'une mesure de distance afin d'ameliorer les performances de navigation. Un estimateur d'etat de type adaptatif est necessaire pour le traitement de ces mesures, car leur precision varie dans le temps en raison de l'erreur de pointage. Les contributions secondaires de recherche sont liees a l'analyse de l'observabilite du systeme ainsi qu'a une analyse de sensibilite pour six parametres principaux de conception. Les resultats de simulation montrent que l'ajout d'une mesure de distance par cycle de mise a jour entraine une amelioration significative des performances de navigation. Ce procede reduit l'erreur d'estimation ainsi que les periodes de non-observabilite en plus de contrer la dilution de precision des mesures. Les analyses de sensibilite confirment quant a elles la contribution des mesures de distance a la diminution globale de l'erreur d'estimation et ce pour une large gamme de parametres de conception. Elles indiquent egalement que l'erreur de cartographie est un parametre critique pour les performances du systeme de navigation developpe. Mots cles : Estimation d'etat, filtre de Kalman adaptatif, navigation optique, lidar, asteroide, simulations numeriques

Dionne, Karine

388

Traitements didactiques preventifs d'un type de conceptions erronees en sciences physiques chez des eleves du secondaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dans un contexte constructiviste, les connaissances anterieures d'un individu sont essentielles a la construction de nouvelles connaissances. Quelle qu'en soit la source (certaines de ces connaissances ont ete elaborees en classe, d'autres ont ete elaborees par interaction personnelle de l'individu avec son environnement physique et social), ces connaissances, une fois acquises, constituent les matieres premieres de l'elaboration des nouvelles conceptions de cet individu. Generalement, cette influence est consideree comme positive. Cependant, dans un milieu scolaire ou l'apprentissage de certaines conceptions enchassees dans un programme d'etudes et enterinees par l'ensemble d'une communaute est obligatoire, certaines connaissances anterieures peuvent entraver la construction des conceptions exigees par la communaute. La litterature abonde de tels exemples. Cependant, certaines connaissances anterieures, en soi tout a fait conformes a l'Heritage, peuvent aussi, parce qu'utilisees de facon non pertinente, entraver la construction d'une conception exigee par la communaute. Ici, la litterature nous donne peu d'exemples de ce type, mais nous en fournirons quelques-uns dans le cadre theorique, et ce sera un d'entre eux qui servira de base a nos propos. En effet, une grande proportion d'eleves inscrits a un cours de sciences physiques de la quatrieme secondaire, en reponse a un probleme deja solutionne durant l'annee et redonne lors d'un examen sommatif, "Pourquoi la Lune nous montre-t-elle toujours la meme face?", attribue principalement la cause de ce phenomene a la rotation de la Terre sur son axe. En tant que responsable de l'enseignement de ce programme d'etudes, plusieurs questions nous sont venues a l'esprit, entre autres, comment, dans un contexte constructiviste, est-il possible de reduire chez un eleve, l'impact de cette connaissance anterieure dans l'elaboration de la solution et ainsi prevenir la construction d'une conception erronee? Nous avons teste nos hypotheses avec la cohorte suivante d'eleves chez qui se repetaient les memes conditions d'apprentissage. Nous avons utilise le design de recherche "posttest only" de Campbell et Stanley. En mai, apres le moment prevu dans la planification du programme pour donner le probleme aux eleves, nous avons suggere deux facons differentes de reviser la solution de ce probleme. Les eleves du premier groupe experimental ont revise sans que soit activee la connaissance anterieure apprehendee de la rotation de la Terre. Les eleves du deuxieme groupe experimental ont ete confrontes, par des questions et une simulation, au fait que la rotation de la Terre n'est pas une connaissance pertinente pour resoudre le probleme. Les groupes temoins et les groupes experimentaux ont ete choisis au hasard dans le bassin des ecoles secondaires de la commission scolaire. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Blondin, Andre

389

Realisation de guides d'onde plans faibles pertes en nitrure de silicium pour un biocapteur integre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Le nitrure de silicium est un materiau tres utilise en microelectronique et en optique integree due a l'excellente homogeneite et reproductibilite de son epaisseur et de son indice de refraction. De plus, l'indice de refraction eleve du nitrure de silicium est particulierement interessant pour les applications en biophotonique. En effet, ces dernieres annees les biocapteurs a champ evanescent ont demontre une augmentation de la sensibilite avec l'utilisation de guides d'onde plans a haut indice de refraction. La sensibilite pourrait etre encore amelioree en integrant sur un meme substrat l'ensemble des composants passifs et actifs (Lab-on-a-chip) qui composent le biocapteur a champ evanescent. L'integration des differents composants optiques passe par la fabrication d'un guide d'onde plan dans le visible qui soit realise avec des procedes a basse temperature, faible epaisseur, faible perte et haut indice de refraction. Meme si les couches d'oxyde metallique (TiO2, Ta2O5 par exemple), generalement utilisees pour ce type d'application, permettent d'obtenir de bonnes proprietes optiques, elles ne permettent pas d'atteindre la qualite des couches en nitrure de silicium notamment en termes de rugosite de surface pour de faibles epaisseurs. Dans le cadre de ces travaux de doctorat, les parametres du guide d'onde sont optimises pour une application utilisant des fluorophores a points quantiques emettant a 650 nm et excites avec une source laser a 532 nm. Une epaisseur de 80 nm est determinee comme optimale pour l'excitation, la collection de la fluorescence et le couplage fibre-guide. Le developpement d'un guide d'onde capable d'atteindre cette epaisseur et conservant des bonnes proprietes optiques est necessaire. A notre connaissance aucun travail n'a ete realise pour optimiser les pertes dans le visible des guides de nitrure de silicium, en fonction des parametres du procede PECVD. Dans ce travail de these, des guides d'onde sont fabriques pour la premiere fois en utilisant le nitrure depose par LF-PECVD (basse frequence), et leurs performances sont comparees aux guides deposes par HF-PECVD (haute frequence). Nous demontrons, en variant le debit des precurseurs, que l'absorption et les pertes en propagation des couches de nitrure sont plus faibles lorsque les depots sont faits par la technique LF-PECVD par rapport a la technique HFPECVD. Cette difference s'explique probablement par le fait que le bombardement ionique, beaucoup plus important a basse frequence qu'a haute frequence, reduit la presence d'amas de silicium dans la couche, responsables de l'absorption dans le visible en plus de densifier les couches par enlevement de l'hydrogene qui s'incorpore durant la deposition PECVD. Nous demontrons egalement que pour la technique LF-PECVD, les proprietes optiques des couches sont ameliorees en utilisant une basse puissance pour la source r-f du plasma. En effet a haute puissance, le bombardement, tres energetique cree des defauts dans la couche et favorise la rupture des liaisons N-H plutot que des liaisons Si-H. Finalement des guides d'onde plans de nitrure de silicium, avec une epaisseur de 80 nm et un indice de refraction de 2, sont fabriques et caracterises. Des pertes de 0.1 dB/cm a 633 nm et 1.05 dB/cm a 532 nm sont obtenues et comparees avec les performances des autres materiaux. Mots cles: biocapteur, integration, guides plans, nitrure de silicium, couches minces

Gorin, Arnaud

390

Contribution a l'etude du comportement de dalles de ponts en beton arme de barres en PRF soumises a des charges concentrees simulant les charges de roues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Au cours des dernieres annees, la deterioration des structures en beton arme a pris une ampleur sans precedent, et ce, malgre le fait que leur duree de vie en service initialement prevue est loin d'etre atteinte. La corrosion de l'armature d'acier est un des principaux facteurs reduisant la duree de vie des ponts en beton arme d'acier. Par ailleurs, l'armature en materiaux composites de polymeres renforces de fibres (PRF) constitue une solution a l'armature metallique afin de pallier au probleme de la corrosion d'acier et a la deterioration des structures en beton arme. Aussi, les barres d'armature en materiaux composites de PRF possedent une resistance en traction elevee (environ 2 a 6 fois la limite elastique de l'acier d'armature conventionnel), ce qui leur permet de constituer un renforcement structural attrayant pour les structures en beton. Le comportement d'elements structuraux en beton arme de barres en PRF est different de ceux en beton arme de barres d'acier. En effet, les barres en PRF possedent un module d'elasticite relativement plus faible que celui de l'acier et ont des proprietes d'adherence differentes de celles des barres d'acier. L'utilisation des barres d'armature en PRF pour armer les dalles de tabliers de ponts se concretise de plus en plus avec l'avancement des recherches dans ce domaine. La recherche entamee dans le cadre de cette these s'inscrit dans un programme de travaux realises au sein de la Chaire de recherche CRSNG/Industrie sur les Materiaux composites novateurs en PRF pour les infrastructures au departement de genie civil a l'Universite de Sherbrooke. Le comportement de membrures en beton arme de PRF soumis a des sollicitations mecaniques constitue un des principaux axes de recherche. Dans le cadre de cette these, une serie d'essais a ete effectuee sur huit dalles de ponts a confinement interne a grande echelle. Les parametres des essais comprennent: (1) l'epaisseur de la dalle, (2) le type et le taux d'armature transversale de l'assemblage inferieur, (3) la resistance en compression du beton, et (4) le taux d'armature dans les autres directions (armatures transversale et longitudinale de l'assemblage superieur et l'armature longitudinale de l'assemblage inferieur). Lors des essais de chargement, les dalles ont ete supportees par deux poutrelles metalliques espacees de 2000 mm centre a centre et soumises a une charge statique concentree sur une aire de contact de 600 mm x 250 mm afin de simuler une charge de camion (87,5 kN--CL-625) et ce conformement au code Canadien sur le calcul des ponts routiers [CAN/CSA-S6-06]. Aussi, une analyse numerique du comportement des dalles testees sous charges est faite a l'aide d'un logiciel d'elements finis ADINA version 8.2. Les essais ont montre que toutes les dalles testees ont rompu par poinconnement, peu importe le parametre etudie. Aussi, une epaisseur de dalle de 175 mm repond aux exigences du Canadien sur le calcul des ponts routiers [CAN/CSA-S6-06]. Par ailleurs, les resultats ont montre que la resistance en compression du beton est un parametre qui influe sur la deflexion, les deformations dans les barres et l'ouverture de fissures. Enfin, les resultats des analyses numeriques effectuees corroborent avec ceux obtenus experimentalement. Mots cles. Dalle de ponts en beton, armature de PRF, charges statiques, flexion, deformations, poinconnement, elements finis.

Bouguerra, Kheireddine

391

Etude Par Spectroscopie Infrarouge des Oxydes Moleculaires Superoxyde de Potassium, Peroxyde de Potassium et Trioxyde de Silicium Isoles EN Matrice D'argon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A l'aide de la spectroscopie d'absorption infrarouge et de la technique d'isolation en matrice d'argon, nous avons repris l'etude des differents oxydes moleculaires qui se forment lorsque l'oxygene moleculaire se trouve dans des agregats avec du potassium, du silicium et de l'oxyde de silicium SiO. Le choix des oxydes moleculaires KO_2 et K_2O_2 a ete motive par le fait qu'ils ont souvent ete mis en evidence dans tres travaux en physique des surfaces lors de letude du systeme O_2/K/Si. Ces oxydes avaient deja ete identifies par spectroscopie infrarouge en matrice d'argon au debut des annees soixante-dix. Pour KO_2, l'observation des modes nu_2 et nu_3 pour de nombreuses especes isotopiques nous a permis de deduire la longueur de la liaison K-O et de l'angle O-K-O. En effet, la construction d'un champ de force harmonique nous a permis de determiner sa structure et des constantes de force qui reprodusient tres bien les frequences experimentales observees. L'etude de l'oxyde K_2O _2 s'est averee interessante car avant notre travail, seule une vibration avait ete mise en evidence. Nous avons reussi a observer deux nouvelles vibrations fondamentales: une bande infrarouge faible a 185 cm^{-1}, avec les isotopes ^{16}O _2, ^{18}O _2 et ^{16} O^{18}O de l'oxygene, et une autre, activee en infrarouge avec l'isotope ^{16}O^{18 }O a 405 cm^{-1}. Les donnees experimentales etant insuffisantes pour deduire la structure de la molecule, des calculs theoriques avec la methode de la fonctionnelle de la densite ont donne le structure et les vibrations non observees du K _2O_2. Ces donnees supplementaires sont venues completer les resultats experimentaux et nous ont permis de construire un champ de force harmonique avec <=uel nous avons trouve des constantes de force qui reproduisent tres bien les frequences observees. Les calculs theoriques ont monte que K_2O _2 doit etre de structure C_ {rm 2v}, bien que la structure D _{rm 2h} ne puisse pas etre rejetee, puisque qu'il y a un faible ecart entre les resultats des deux structures. Ensuite, nous avons reetudie les oxydes produits lors de la reaction silicium et oxyde de silicium avec l'oxygene moleculaire. Nous avons observe des oxydes deja connus, et nous avons egalement mis en evidence la formation d'une nouvelle espece moleculaire, le trioxyde de silicium SiO_3. Nous avons observe cinq vibrations fondamentales avec de nombreux effets isotopiques sur l'oxygene et le silicium qui nous ont permis de deduire sa structure. Pour completer les resultats experimentaux, une etude theorique avec la methode de la fonctionnelle de la densite a permis de confirmer cette structure et de calculer plus precisement les angles et les longueurs de liaison, donnees necessaires pour construire un champ de force harmonique et evaluer les differentes constantes de force de la molecule. Nous proposons egalement des hypothese decrivant le processus de formation du SiO_3 permettant d'expliquer les differentes observations experimentales.

Tremblay, Benoit

1995-01-01

392

On occasion of 800th anniversary of birth of Ibn al-Nafis--discoverer of cardiac and pulmonary circulation.  

PubMed

With Ibn Sina great Canon came the "golden age of Arabic medicine", almost to its peak. Since the beginning of XI century, when Ibn Sina died, until the middle of XIII century, when creative was Ibn al-Nafis, medical science continues to develop and progress, and had its brilliant minds. For that time characteristic is the fact that neither the strong authority as Avicenna was could paralyze the progress of medical science. Three hundred years before Paracelsus, in Cairo appears a medical scientist who dares to touch the authority of Ibn Sina-Avicenna in the infallibility of Canon-"Medical Bible". The scholar was called Alauddin Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288). He, 250 years ago Servet, (Michael Servetus, XVI century) reveals the truly describes the small or pulmonary circulation, but also gives a description of the great forerunner of the bloodstream. In his separate work on the anatomy, Ibn al-Nafis in five places contested arguments of Galen's teachings, which also Ibn Sina was accepted. He very persuasively argues that the blood does not oxidize ("does not mix with air "), passing through some hypothetical pores in the partition between the right half of the heart, in which blood is collected and left half, in which, supposedly is the air, but that this happen when the blood is going from the right ventricle through the pulmonary artery into the lungs, where it is mixed with air and thus "converted" murmurs through the pulmonary vein into the left half of the heart. On occasion of the 800th anniversary of Ibn al-Nafis birth, one of the largest Arab and world doctors of all times we publish this article so that readers get something closer image his creative work, especially the one which relates to his contribution to the discovery of cardiac and pulmonary circulation, revolutionary discoveries in the world of medicine. In the year 1924 a heated debate started regarding the discovery of the pulmonary circulation. This discovery was attributed only to European scholars. It stemmed back to the sixteenth century. When Michael Servetus (1511-1553), Anderea Vesalius (?1514-1654), Nicolai Massa (1485-1569), Realdo Colombo (1520-1654), Valverde De Hamusco (1508-1565), Andera Cesalpino (1519-1603), Fabrici d'Aquapendent (1533-1619) and William Harvey (1578-1657) developed the concept. However, Muhyi-d-din At-Tatawi (1896-1945) presented his thesis "Der Lungenkreislauf nach El-Korachi. Dissert, z.eil. d. Doktorwrde, Freiburg im Brisgau 1924" of the blood circulation according to al Qurashi relaying on his discovery of his description of pulmonary circulation in one of ancient manuscripts, He proposed that the real credit for the discovery of the pulmonary circulation belongs this eminent physician of the thirteenth century: Ibn al-Nafis. Later another doctor Abdul Kareem Chihade (1922- ) presented another dissertation in Paris 1951 entitled" decouverte de la circulatio pulmonaire chez Ibn an-Nafis". Published by Institut Francais De Damas 1955. Other prominent professors like: Paul Galiounji and Salman Qatayyah researched extensively in his manuscripts and produced very important monographs. The general consensus is that Ibn al-Nafis' work exerted great influence on the development of medical science, both in the Islamic world and Europe. A closer look on Ibn al-Nafis contribution would indicate that he also described the coronary circulation, the cranial nerves the gall bladder anatomy and many new aspect of ophthalmology. He advocated as well therapy through nutrition. His work integrated the medical knowledge with great clarity and emphasized precision. PMID:21287961

Masic, Izet

2010-01-01

393

Contribution a la comprehension de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et du laitier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'incorporation des ajouts cimentaires dans le beton est connue pour ses avantages technologiques et environnementaux. Pour assurer une plus grande utilisation des ajouts cimentaires, il faut accroitre la connaissance dans ce domaine surtout les facteurs relatifs a la durabilite des ouvrages construits avec les betons contenant des ajouts mineraux. Jusqu'a present, la plupart des etudes sur les betons contenant de la cendre volante et du laitier semble s'accorder sur leur moins bonne durabilite a l'ecaillage surtout lorsqu'on les compare au beton ordinaire. Les raisons de cette moins bonne performance ne sont pas toutes connues et cela limite bien des fois l'incorporation de la cendre volante et de laitier dans le beton pour des ouvrages fortement exposes aux cycles de gel-degel en presence de sels fondants. Cette these vise la comprehension des problematiques de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant des ajouts cimentaires tels la cendre volante et le laitier. Les objectifs sont de mieux comprendre la representativite et la severite relative des essais normalises ASTM C672 et NQ 2621-900 pour l'evaluation de la durabilite a l'ecaillage de ces betons, d'etudier l'influence de la methode de murissement sur la durabilite a l'ecaillage et d'etudier la relation entre la durabilite a l'ecaillage et la sorptivite des surfaces de beton ainsi que la particularite de la microstructure des betons contenant de la cendre volante. Cinq types de betons a air entraine contenant 25% et 35% de cendre volante et laitier ainsi que 1% et 2% de fumee de silice ont ete produits, muris selon differentes methodes et soumis a des essais acceleres selon les deux procedures normalisees ainsi qu'un essai de sorptivite. Les differentes methodes de murissement sont choisies de facon a mettre en evidence aussi bien l'influence des parametres des essais que celle de la methode de murissement elle-meme. La durabilite en laboratoire des betons testes a ete comparee avec celle de betons similaires apres 4 et 6 annees de service. La microstructure des betons en service a ete analysee au moyen du microscope a balayage electronique (MEB). Les resultats montrent que la qualite du murissement influence grandement la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et de laitier surtout lorsqu'ils sont soumis ' aux essais acceleres en laboratoire. La duree du pretraitement humide est un parametre cle de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons testes en laboratoire. Le pretraitement humide correspond a la duree totale du murissement humide (100% HR) et de la periode de presaturation. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. La periode de presaturation de 7 jours de la procedure NQ 2621-900 a un effet similaire a celui d'un murissement humide de meme longueur. Un murissement humide de 28 jours apparait optimal et conduit a une estimation plus realiste de la resistance a l'ecaillage reelle des betons. Pour une meme duree de pretraitement humide, les procedures NQ 2621-900 et ASTM C672 donnent des resultats equivalents. L'utilisation d'un moule a fond drainant n'a pas d'effet sur la resistance a l'ecaillage des betons de cette etude. Bien que le murissement dans l'eau saturee de chaux offre toute l'eau requise pour favoriser le developpement des proprietes du beton et l'amelioration de sa durabilite a l'ecaillage, elle lessive cependant les ions alcalins ce qui diminue defavorablement l'alcalinite et le pH de la solution interstitielle de la pate de ciment pres de la surface exposee. L'utilisation d'un agent de murissement protege mieux les betons contenant de la cendre volante et ameliore significativement leurs resistances a l'ecaillage mais elle a tendance a reduire la durabi

Houehanou, Ernesto C.

394

Le transfert de connaissances entre les mathematiques et les sciences. Une etude exploratoire aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Au moment ou dans plusieurs pays on travaille a refondre les programmes d'etudes, tant au primaire qu'au secondaire, l'interet pour le transfert renait. Un des concepts fondamentaux en apprentissage consiste en l'habilete a reutiliser de facon consciente et efficace un acquis d'une situation a une autre situation. Cette recherche emane de preoccupations professionnelles au moment ou le chercheur etait enseignant au secondaire. Au cours de ces annees, il lui a ete possible de constater que plusieurs eleves percevaient difficilement les liens presents entre les disciplines mathematiques et scientifiques. Des travaux en psychologie cognitive et plus particulierement selon une perspective du traitement de l'information ont servi de cadre de reference pour evaluer et analyser les capacites de transfert aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire. Ce cadre de reference permet de formuler le principal objectif qui est de mieux comprendre le processus de transfert chez des eleves en situation de resolution de problemes scientifiques. Cette these s'interesse donc au transfert en tant que phenomene important du processus d'apprentissage au sens de l'integration. La methode de recherche choisie, de nature qualitative, est principalement axee sur l'evaluation de la capacite a transferer des connaissances lors d'une epreuve et d'un entretien. Pour evaluer ce potentiel de transfert, nous avons elabore deux outils: une epreuve en mathematiques et en sciences et un guide d'entretien. Pour la passation de l'epreuve, le chercheur a pu compter sur la collaboration de 130 sujets provenant de deux ecoles. L'entretien complete la prise de donnees avec 13 sujets ayant accepte de poursuivre l'etude. Les donnees recueillies par ces instruments font ensuite l'objet d'une analyse de contenu. En premier lieu, les verbatims de l'epreuve et de l'entretien ont ete transcrits, puis codifies. La correction des reponses fournies pour les problemes resolus s'est faite a partir d'une grille d'analyse qualitative et adaptee de la litterature (Thouin, 1995). Une seconde serie d'analyses permettant de categoriser les reponses selon la typologie des connaissances declaratives, procedurales et conditionnelles complete la prise de donnees. Nos resultats indiquent que les sujets sont tres influences par des elements de surface, principalement lorsqu'il s'agit de problemes auxquels ils ne sont pas habitues. En l'absence de connaissances de base, plusieurs sujets vont tendre vers des propositions de solution "pratico-pratique" provenant de leur vecu: cela nous apparait d'importance d'un point de vue didactique et en matiere de transfert. Lors des entretiens realises un mois plus tard, les sujets ont eprouve de la difficulte a se rappeler le contenu de l'epreuve. Et lorsqu'il y avait un rappel, celui-ci etait superficiel et surtout axe sur le contenu ou le contexte d'un probleme. La plupart des sujets ne pouvait nommer que deux ou trois elements (des problemes en mathematiques, en sciences physiques, le probleme de la fenetre, le probleme du laser, etc.). Nos resultats confirment ce que plusieurs chercheurs (Julo, 1995, Jonnaert et Vander Borght, 1999; Richard et al., 1990) qui s'interessent aux questions de l'apprentissage admettent aujourd'hui: l'eleve ne travaille jamais sur la situation proposee par l'enseignant, mais bien sur la representation qu'il s'en est construite. Au plan methodologique, cette recherche est interessante par la variete des sources de collecte de donnees utilisees, par l'application d'outils methodologiques et d'analyses originaux tires de la recherche et de la pratique. Du cote theorique, il resulte de cette etude une meilleure comprehension du processus de transfert des connaissances mathematiques vers les sciences physiques. Finalement, aux plans didactique et pedagogique, cette recherche alimente la reflexion sur l'apprentissage et l'enseignement des sciences au secondaire. Elle fait ressortir que les mathematiques sont importantes dans la mobilisation de certaines connaissances scientifiques et que l'enseignant peut et devrait jouer un

Samson, Ghislain

2003-06-01

395

Les reseaux de politique publique comme facteur d'influence du choix des instruments de politique energetique canadienne a des fins environnementales de 1993 a nos jours  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Au cours de la derniere decennie, les modes de la gouvernance ont pris place dans un contexte totalement different de celui qu'ils avaient auparavant. Les gouvernements modernes se rendent compte qu'ils perdent de plus en plus leur capacite a elaborer et a gerer les changements d'une maniere autonome. Ainsi, les fonctions et les activites traditionnellement accomplies exclusivement par le gouvernement engagent de nos jours une gamme d'acteurs etatiques et non etatiques. A l'encontre du concept traditionnel de l'Etat controleur, la gouvernance contemporaine est ainsi devenue moins une question d'offre de service et davantage une gestion indirecte des reseaux de politique publique. Dans cette entreprise, les gouvernements contemporains, cherchant plus d'information, de soutien et de legitimite en matiere de formulation des decisions, ont besoin d'etablir des relations avec les divers groupes d'interet qui, a leur tour, voulaient plus de promotion et de protection en faveur de leurs interets a travers leur implication au processus de l'elaboration et de la mise en oeuvre des politiques publiques. Ainsi, l'approche des reseaux de politique publique represente aujourd'hui un courant considerable au sein du champ d'analyse des politiques publiques. Toutefois, les preoccupations des chercheurs pour cette approche, dans le domaine des politiques energetiques a des fins environnementales, semblent recentes, et les etudes realisees sont encore trop peu nombreuses. Au Canada, au debut des annees 1990, le gouvernement ainsi que plusieurs groupes d'interets, des differents secteurs energetique, industriel et environnemental, ont commence a intensifier leurs efforts pour s'attaquer au probleme du changement climatique d'origine energetique, genere surtout par le secteur de l'industrie. Au cours de la derniere decennie, la question touchant plutot le sujet du developpement energetique durable represente le plus important domaine des politiques publiques ayant surgi recemment dans l'agenda politique du pays. Notre projet de recherche, par le truchement de l'approche des reseaux de politique publique, s'attarde a decrire et a expliquer le processus de la formulation d'une politique particuliere, soit la politique energetique a des fins de protection de l'environnement, elaboree en 1993. Il s'agit de mettre en evidence les facteurs affectant le choix des instruments de ces politiques publiques dans leur contexte national. Ainsi, la question generale de cette recherche est: Comment les phases evolutives de la formation d'un reseau de politique, en l'occurrence le Conseil canadien de l'energie (CCE), menent a des caracteristiques particulieres a ce reseau; et comment celles-ci determinent-elles les types des instruments de politique publique choisis, particulierement ceux de la recente orientation des politiques energetiques canadiennes a des fins environnementales elaborees en 1993? Afin d'atteindre l'objectif de notre recherche, deux facteurs primordiaux sont utilises, soit la circulation de l'information et l'exercice du controle sur les ressources des acteurs. L'analyse des caracteristiques du reseau en fonction des liens forts et des liens faibles autant que la presence ou l'absence des trous structuraux nous permettent de bien identifier les positions des differents acteurs, etatiques et non etatiques, sur le plan de l'information et du controle, qui a leur tour, nous semble-t-il, constituent des facteurs affectant les types des instruments des politiques publiques choisis: instruments substantifs, qui indiquent le degre de l'intervention du gouvernement, et instruments proceduraux, qui mettent plutot l'accent sur le degre de l'influence du gouvernement sur les acteurs non etatiques. L'etude soutient que l'approche des reseaux se distingue notamment par son potentiel a expliquer l'interrelation relative entre idees, interets et institutions, ce qui a son tour est susceptible de permettre une meilleure comprehension des processus de l'elaboration des politiques energetiques et environnementales canadiennes. Qui plus est, le fait de rec

Fathy El Dessouky, Naglaa

396

A Multiwavelength Study of a Sample of 70 ?m Selected Galaxies in the COSMOS Field. II. The Role of Mergers in Galaxy Evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the morphological properties of a large sample of 1503 70 ?m selected galaxies in the COSMOS field spanning the redshift range 0.01 < z < 3.5 with a median redshift of 0.5 and an infrared luminosity range of 108 < L IR(8 - 1000 ?m)< 1014 L sun with a median luminosity of 1011.4 L sun. In general, these galaxies are massive, with a stellar mass range of 1010-1012 M sun, and luminous, with -25 < M K < -20. We find a strong correlation between the fraction of major mergers and L IR, with the fraction at the highest luminosity (L IR > 1012 L sun) being up to ~50%. We also find that the fraction of spirals drops dramatically with L IR. Minor mergers likely play a role in boosting the infrared luminosity for sources with low luminosities (L IR < 1011.5 L sun). The precise fraction of mergers in any given L IR bin varies by redshift due to sources at z > 1 being difficult to classify and subject to the effects of bandpass shifting; therefore, these numbers can only be considered lower limits. At z < 1, where the morphological classifications are most robust, major mergers clearly dominate the ULIRG population (~50%-80%) and are important for the LIRG population (~25%-40%). At z > 1, the fraction of major mergers is lower, but is at least 30%-40% for ULIRGs. In a comparison of our visual classifications with several automated classification techniques we find general agreement; however, the fraction of identified mergers is underestimated due to automated classification methods being sensitive to only certain timescales of a major merger. Although the general morphological trends agree with what has been observed for local (U)LIRGs, the fraction of major mergers is slightly lower than seen locally. This is in part due to the difficulty of identifying merger signatures at high redshift. The distribution of the U - V color of the galaxies in our sample peaks in the green valley (langU - Vrang = 1.1) with a large spread at bluer and redder colors and with the major mergers peaking more strongly in the green valley than the rest of the morphological classes. We argue that, given the number of major gas-rich mergers observed and the relatively short timescale that they would be observable in the (U)LIRG phase, it is plausible for the observed red sequence of massive ellipticals (<1012 M sun) to have been formed entirely by gas-rich major mergers. Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by AURA Inc, under NASA contract NAS 5-26555; also based on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan; the XMM-Newton, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and NASA; the European Southern Observatory under Large Program 175.A-0839, Chile; the National Radio Astronomy Observatory which is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc; the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope with MegaPrime/MegaCam operated as a joint project by the CFHT Corporation, CEA/DAPNIA, the National Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique de France, TERAPIX and the University of Hawaii.

Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.; Sanders, D. B.; Le Floc'h, E.; Frayer, D. T.; Aussel, H.; Arnouts, S.; Ilbert, O.; Salvato, M.; Scoville, N. Z.; Surace, J.; Yan, L.; Capak, P.; Caputi, K.; Carollo, C. M.; Cassata, P.; Civano, F.; Hasinger, G.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Le Fèvre, O.; Lilly, S.; Liu, C. T.; McCracken, H. J.; Schinnerer, E.; Smol?i?, V.; Taniguchi, Y.; Thompson, D. J.; Trump, J.; Baldassare, V. F.; Fiorenza, S. L.

2010-09-01