Sample records for answer comprehension questions

  1. Comprehensive Written Exams: Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Janice Valerye

    This document contains four papers that are answers to comprehensive examination questions of a doctoral student in instructional technology. The first paper, "Federal Support and Funding of School Library Media Programs into the 21st Century," includes sections on why federal support and funding are needed, how school library media programs…

  2. Beware Answers with Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humble, Steve

    2005-01-01

    Answers to mathematical problems come in all forms and most come with a variety of questions. Students often forget to ask questions once they have found an answer. This paper suggests that students would always benefit by questioning answers.

  3. Closing Panel Question & Answer

    E-print Network

    Moore, Paul A.

    N E X T #12;Closing Panel Question & Answer REDDIN SYMPOSIUM XXI CANADIAN STUDIES"Unsecure"World Question and Answer Inuit Rights and Responsibilities in the Changing North Question & Answer Environmental to translate science into public policy. 1 #12;Closing Panel Question & Answer REDDIN SYMPOSIUM XXI CANADIAN

  4. Lexical validation of answers in Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Ligozat, Anne-Laure

    Lexical validation of answers in Question Answering Anne-Laure Ligozat, Brigitte Grau, Anne Vilnat answering (QA) aims at retrieving precise in- formation from a large collection of documents, typically, it is impor- tant to evaluate question answering systems. The objective of an Answer Validation task

  5. Answer Passage Retrieval for Question Answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andres Corrada-Emmanuel; W. Bruce Croft; Vanessa Murdock

    Document or passage retrieval is typically used as the first step in current question answering systems. The accuracy of the answer that is extracted from the passages and the efficiency of the question answering process will depend to some extent on the quality of this initial ranking. We show how language model approaches can be used to improve answer passage

  6. Poultry Processing: Questions & Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... A / Poultry Processing: Questions and Answers Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  7. Learning How to Answer Questions Using Trivia Games

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gideon S. Mann

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we examine a sentence comprehension task: given a question, and an extended sentence known to answer that question, the goal is to extract the short answer to the question. As an initial solution, a novel robust statistical model is presented which combines the semantics of the expected answer with the expected context within which the answer will

  8. From Question Answering to Visual Exploration

    SciTech Connect

    McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

    2006-08-11

    Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.

  9. Campylobacter Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... and Disease / Campylobacter Q and Answers Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  10. ANSWERING CONSUMER QUESTIONS ABOUT EGGS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Answering consumer questions is an important aspect of egg marketing. Consumers expect those they contact to be able to address their situation and help find answers. Topics of general consumer concerns include: proper storage, safe handling, food safety, and food quality. With the vast array of ...

  11. Answer Formulation for Question-Answering Leila Kosseim1

    E-print Network

    Kosseim, Leila

    Answer Formulation for Question-Answering Leila Kosseim1 , Luc Plamondon2 and Louis experimentations in evaluating answer formulation for question-answering (QA) systems. In the context of QA, answer formulation can serve two purposes: improving answer ex- traction or improving human-computer interaction (HCI

  12. A Survey of Answer Extraction Techniques in Factoid Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Pratt, Vaughan

    of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Factoid question answering is the most widely studied taskA Survey of Answer Extraction Techniques in Factoid Question Answering Mengqiu Wang School in question answering. In this paper, we survey several different techniques to answer extraction for factoid

  13. ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS Guidelines for Asking Good Questions

    E-print Network

    Wagner, Diane

    ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS Guidelines for Asking Good Questions: A good, substantive question are addressing. Providing this context helps both the person who is answering the question and helps the rest of the audience understand what you are talking about. #12;Guidelines for Answering Questions: Question and answer

  14. Folic Acid Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Multimedia & Tools Partners About Us Information For... Media Policy Makers Questions and Answers Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Q: Why can’t I wait until I’m pregnant—or planning to get pregnant to start taking folic acid? ...

  15. Question & Answer QQ&&AA

    E-print Network

    ssyysstteemmss bbiioollooggyy?? Systems biology is the study of com- plex gene networks, protein networks as an amplifier, a switch or a logic gate. Typically, the graphs of these systems possess fewer than a dozen (or a good answer to this question. He likens biology's current status to that of planetary astronomy

  16. Finding similar questions in large question and answer archives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jiwoon Jeon; Joon Ho Lee

    2005-01-01

    There has recently been a significant increase in the number of community-based question and answer services on the Web where people answer other peoples' questions. These services rapidly build up large archives of questions and answers, and these archives are a valuable linguistic resource. One of the major tasks in a question and answer service is to find questions in

  17. Answers to Questions in Class Andrew Binder

    E-print Network

    Weinberger, Hans

    Answers to Questions in Class Andrew Binder March 8, 2012 This page contains the answers only to the questions I wrote on the board in class today. There may be typos in this answer sheet, so if your answer stated in class that the phase angle for the last problem is /8. The answer should be /4, and you can

  18. A Factoid Question Answering System Using Answer Pattern Matching

    E-print Network

    Cicekli, Ilyas

    A Factoid Question Answering System Using Answer Pattern Matching Nagehan Pala Er Department, we describe a Turkish factoid QA system which uses surface level patterns called answer patterns in order to extract the answers from the documents that are retrieved from the web. The answer patterns

  19. A Web-based Question Answering System

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Dell

    The Web is apparently an ideal source of answers to a large variety of questions, due to the tremendous amount of information available online. This paper describes a Web-based question answering system LAMP, which is ...

  20. Formal Verification: All Questions and Some Answers

    E-print Network

    Pnueli, Amir

    , WIS 9.5.99 CS Leading Teachers Course, WIS, 9.5.99 #12; Formal Verification: Questions and Answers A Leading Teachers Course, WIS, 9.5.99 1 #12; Formal Verification: Questions and Answers A. Pnueli Mathematics! CS Leading Teachers Course, WIS, 9.5.99 2 #12; Formal Verification: Questions and Answers A

  1. Answering Student Questions Saurabh W. Jha

    E-print Network

    Glashausser, Charles

    Answering Student Questions Saurabh W. Jha Rutgers DELTA-P Seminar October 16, 2014 1Thursday, October 16, 14 #12;Answering Student Questions Saurabh W. Jha Rutgers DELTA-P Seminar October 16, 2014 2Thursday, October 16, 14 #12;answering students' questions well · helps students learn! · student

  2. Answering Science Questions: Deduction with Answer Extraction and Procedural Attachment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Waldinger; Jeff Shrager

    An approach to question answering through automated deduction is advocated. Answers to questions are extracted from proofs of associated conjectures over an axiomatic theory of the subject domain. External knowledge resources, including data and software, are consulted through a mechanism known as procedural attachment. A researcher ignorant of the subject domain theory or its logical language can formulate questions via

  3. Minister Peng answers correspondents' questions.

    PubMed

    1991-02-01

    Following a press conference where she presented the results of the 1990 census and the accomplishments of China's family planning program, Peng Peiyun, minister of the State Family Planning Commission, and other officials answered the questions of Chinese and foreign correspondents. Asked about the implementation of family planning in rural areas, Peng explained that while the 1-child policy has been followed, farmers with only 1 daughter have been allowed a second child. Nonetheless, the total fertility rate (TFR) of rural women has fallen bellow 4. On the issue of abortion, an official explained that for the past few years, there have been 10 million abortions annually. Abortion, however, is used only when contraception fails. Despite China's impressive achievements in curbing population growth, Peng noted that the country still faces serious problems. As the country enters its 8th 5-year plan, China will undergo a baby boom. An average of 17 million births each year is expected throughout the plan's duration. Peng acknowledged that the previous target of controlling China's population to 1.2 billion by the year 2000 will not be achieved. Under the new plan, which hopes to reduce the TFR from 2.35 in 1989 to 2.0 by the turn of the century, calls for the population to stabilize somewhere between 1.5 and 1.6 billion. Peng also answered questions concerning abuses by family planning workers. She stressed that China's family planning program is voluntary, although economic disincentives are used. Furthermore, Peng addressed issues concerning religion and family planning, infanticide, the safety of contraceptives, and concerns over the ageing of the population. PMID:12284670

  4. A Tree Kernel approach to Question and Answer Classification Question Answering Systems

    E-print Network

    Moschitti, Alessandro

    A Tree Kernel approach to Question and Answer Classification in Question Answering Systems Alessandro Moschitti and Roberto Basili University of Rome Tor Vergata, Department of Computer Science in Question Answering design is the definition of the models for question focus identification and answer

  5. Answering complex, list and context questions with LCC's Question-Answering Server

    E-print Network

    Mihalcea, Rada

    Answering complex, list and context questions with LCC's Question-Answering Server Sanda Harabagiu the architecture of the Question- Answering Server (QAS) developed at the Language Computer Corporation (LCC) and used in the TREC- 10 evaluations. LCC's QAS TM extracts answers for (a) factual questions of vairable

  6. Question Answering Based on Semantic Graphs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorand Dali; Delia Rusu; Marko Grobelnik

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present a question answering system supported by semantic graphs. Aside from providing answers to natural language questions, the system offers explanations for these answers via a visual representation of documents, their associated list of facts described by subject - verb - object triplets, and their summaries. The triplets, automatically extracted from the Penn Treebank parse tree

  7. Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

    2003-10-01

    The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we plan for? · Should we separate uranium? · If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? · Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle “hot” fuel? · Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? · Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? · Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? · Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? · Which separation technology? · What mix of transmutation technologies? · What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

  8. Looking Under the Hood : Tools for Diagnosing your Question Answering Engine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Breck; Marc Light; Gideon S. Mann; Ellen Riloff; Brianne Brown Pranav Anand; Pranav Anand; Mats Rooth; Michael Thelen

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we analyze two question answering tasks : the TREC-8 ques- tion answering task and a set of reading comprehension exams. First, we show that Q\\/A systems perform better when there are multiple answer opportunities per question. Next, we analyze com- mon approaches to two subproblems: term overlap for answer sentence iden- tification, and answer typing for short

  9. Improving Question Retrieval in Community Question Answering with Label Ranking

    E-print Network

    Greenberg, Albert

    Improving Question Retrieval in Community Question Answering with Label Ranking Wei Wang, Baichuan Li Department of Computer Science and Engineering The Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin, N@research.att.com Abstract-- Community question answering services (CQA), which provides a platform for people with diverse

  10. Internal Audit RFP 2013 Questions and Answers Question set 1

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    ;Internal Audit RFP 2013 ­ Questions and Answers b. High risk areas · Accounts Payable · Accounts Receivable) for the fiscal 2013 Internal Audit Plan? We will establish our own estimates based upon our risk assessmentInternal Audit RFP 2013 ­ Questions and Answers Question set 1: 1. What do you like about your

  11. Indexing Low Frequency Information for Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Kosseim, Leila

    system over questions formulated by proxy users. To test the influence of the IR component in the context to capitalize on the redundancy of the Web and bypass the document collection for answering a question (e

  12. SUPPLEMENTAL APPLICATION PLEASE ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS

    E-print Network

    Glasser, Adrian

    SUPPLEMENTAL APPLICATION PLEASE ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS a. If you have ever applied to UHCO? Applicant Full Name: OptomCas ID#: RESIDENCY Yes No 1. Are you a Texas Resident? 2. If you answered "No" What is your State of Residency? 3. If you answered "Yes" to Q1, On whom are you basing your claim

  13. Developing Offline Strategies for Answering Medical Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. F. Tjong Kim Sang; G. Bouma; Rijke de M

    2005-01-01

    We describe ongoing developments on two offline strategies for automatically answering questions in the medical domain: one based on an analysis of the document structure, the other based on dependency parsing. We highlight differences with open domain question answering, and provide a preliminary evaluation of the current state of our strategies. Copyright (c) 2005, American Association for Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org).

  14. Global Warming: Questions and Answers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Back to Example Detailed Example of Using Socratic Questioning in Class This sample of plausible questions and responses is designed to help guide the instructor through a Socratic lesson. It will help instructors ...

  15. A Topic Clustering Approach to Finding Similar Questions from Large Question and Answer Archives

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Wei-Nan; Liu, Ting; Yang, Yang; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu; Ji, Rongrong

    2014-01-01

    With the blooming of Web 2.0, Community Question Answering (CQA) services such as Yahoo! Answers (http://answers.yahoo.com), WikiAnswer (http://wiki.answers.com), and Baidu Zhidao (http://zhidao.baidu.com), etc., have emerged as alternatives for knowledge and information acquisition. Over time, a large number of question and answer (Q&A) pairs with high quality devoted by human intelligence have been accumulated as a comprehensive knowledge base. Unlike the search engines, which return long lists of results, searching in the CQA services can obtain the correct answers to the question queries by automatically finding similar questions that have already been answered by other users. Hence, it greatly improves the efficiency of the online information retrieval. However, given a question query, finding the similar and well-answered questions is a non-trivial task. The main challenge is the word mismatch between question query (query) and candidate question for retrieval (question). To investigate this problem, in this study, we capture the word semantic similarity between query and question by introducing the topic modeling approach. We then propose an unsupervised machine-learning approach to finding similar questions on CQA Q&A archives. The experimental results show that our proposed approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:24595052

  16. A topic clustering approach to finding similar questions from large question and answer archives.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wei-Nan; Liu, Ting; Yang, Yang; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu; Ji, Rongrong

    2014-01-01

    With the blooming of Web 2.0, Community Question Answering (CQA) services such as Yahoo! Answers (http://answers.yahoo.com), WikiAnswer (http://wiki.answers.com), and Baidu Zhidao (http://zhidao.baidu.com), etc., have emerged as alternatives for knowledge and information acquisition. Over time, a large number of question and answer (Q&A) pairs with high quality devoted by human intelligence have been accumulated as a comprehensive knowledge base. Unlike the search engines, which return long lists of results, searching in the CQA services can obtain the correct answers to the question queries by automatically finding similar questions that have already been answered by other users. Hence, it greatly improves the efficiency of the online information retrieval. However, given a question query, finding the similar and well-answered questions is a non-trivial task. The main challenge is the word mismatch between question query (query) and candidate question for retrieval (question). To investigate this problem, in this study, we capture the word semantic similarity between query and question by introducing the topic modeling approach. We then propose an unsupervised machine-learning approach to finding similar questions on CQA Q&A archives. The experimental results show that our proposed approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:24595052

  17. Bernard Jacquemin, A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Bernard Jacquemin, A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering A derivational rephrasing experiment for question answering Bernard Jacquemin Université de Haute Alace / CREM EA3476 10 rue, preserving the initial meaning; its impact on the re- sults coping with a real issue, ie a question answering

  18. Answering Questions About Underage Drinking

    MedlinePLUS

    ... problem? Despite the law, the statistics, and the science, some people still think teen drinking is not a serious problem. Here are some of the more common questions and assertions you may hear from neighbors and ...

  19. Better Questions and Answers Equal Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swicegood, Philip R.; Parsons, James L.

    1989-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities and behavior problems need instruction designed to increase active thinking and questioning skills. Described methods for teaching these skills include T. Raphael's question-answer relationships, A. Hahn's questioning strategy, reciprocal teaching, and the "ReQuest" procedure. Practice activities for student…

  20. Questions and Answers about High Blood Pressure

    MedlinePLUS

    ... High Blood Pressure Questions and Answers About High Blood Pressure What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood ... a doctor. Am I at risk for high blood pressure? Anyone can develop high blood pressure. But ...

  1. Sending diagnostic samples: your questions answered

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sue Cade

    2010-01-01

    Diagnostic veterinary laboratories are regularly asked exactly how samples should be packaged and sent to them. In this article, Sue Cade answers the most commonly asked questions and explains the rules behind sample transportation.

  2. Olympics: Questions & Answers on the Major Events.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbon, Alan

    This book presents background information on the major Olympic events with a question-answer format. Events considered include track and field, swimming, diving, boxing, weightlifting, the equestrian events, and gymnastics. Line drawings illustrate the text. (MM)

  3. Questions and Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home Food Resources for You Consumers Questions & Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic July 15, 2013 What is ... MMA), may also be a health concern. Are apple and other fruit juices safe to drink? The ...

  4. Conscience in Childhood: Old Questions, New Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksan, Nazan; Kochanska, Grazyna

    2005-01-01

    Although conscience has been the focus of reflection for centuries, fundamental questions regarding its organization have not been fully answered. To address those questions, the authors applied structural equation modeling techniques to longitudinal data comprising multiple behavioral measures of children's conscience, obtained in parallel…

  5. DICK'S HOUSE Questions and answers to frequently

    E-print Network

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    DICK'S HOUSE FAQ Questions and answers to frequently asked questions at the Geisel School of Medicine Always identify yourself as a Geisel student when you contact Dick's House!! Updated: December 2013 #12;Dick's House FAQ Contents How do I find what I need quickly in this document? 2 Mental Health

  6. From Asking to Answering: Making Questions Explicit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, Gene

    2006-01-01

    "From Asking To Answering: Making Questions Explicit" describes a pedagogical procedure the author has used in writing classes (expository, technical and creative) to help students better understand the purpose, and effect, of text-questions. It accomplishes this by means of thirteen discrete categories (e.g., CLAIMS, COMMITMENT, ANAPHORA, or…

  7. Memorial consequences of answering SAT II questions.

    PubMed

    Marsh, Elizabeth J; Agarwal, Pooja K; Roediger, Henry L

    2009-03-01

    Many thousands of students take standardized tests every year. In the current research, we asked whether answering standardized test questions affects students' later test performance. Prior research has shown both positive and negative effects of multiple-choice testing on later tests, with negative effects arising from students selecting incorrect alternatives on multiple-choice tests and then believing they were correct (Roediger & Marsh, 2005). In the current experiments, undergraduates and high school students answered multiple-choice questions retired from SAT II tests (that are no longer in the testing pool) on biology, chemistry, U.S. history, and world history, and later answered cued-recall questions about these subjects. In 3 experiments, we observed positive testing effects: More final cued-recall questions were answered correctly if the items had appeared on the initial multiple-choice test. We also sometimes observed negative testing effects: intrusions of multiple-choice distractors as answers on the final cued-recall test. Students who scored well on the initial test benefited from taking the test, but lower achieving students showed either less benefit (undergraduates) or costs from the testing (high school students). PMID:19309212

  8. Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty

    E-print Network

    Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty What is the SFU Student Learning Commons with academic writing, studying and learning strategies, English language support, and works closely lectures, or developing more effective studying strategies. Can faculty send students to the SLC? Faculty

  9. Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections

    E-print Network

    Haase, Markus

    Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections: · General knowledge ­ e.g. how many minutes month comes after August? Short-Term Tasks Children completed two computer tasks designed using Kinelab: · Sequencing: Children saw six shapes in succession, before having to indicate the order they were presented

  10. Memorial Consequences of Answering SAT II Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Elizabeth J.; Agarwal, Pooja K.; Roediger, Henry L., III

    2009-01-01

    Many thousands of students take standardized tests every year. In the current research, we asked whether answering standardized test questions affects students' later test performance. Prior research has shown both positive and negative effects of multiple-choice testing on later tests, with negative effects arising from students selecting…

  11. Questions & Answers about...Marfan Syndrome.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    This fact sheet answers general questions about Marfan syndrome, a heritable condition that affects the connective tissue. It describes the characteristics of the disorder, the diagnostic process, and ways to manage symptoms. Characteristics include: (1) people with Marfan syndrome are typically very tall, slender, and loose jointed; (2) more than…

  12. Questions and Answers about CD ROM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhn, Carolyn

    1987-01-01

    Question and answer column about the CD ROM medium discusses: (1) optical storage devices available; (2) language teaching applications; (3) types of courseware available; (4) costs to hook up a CD ROM drive as a peripheral to an existing system; (5) how to go about developing and mastering a disk; and (6) mastering and replication costs.…

  13. Data-driven Type Checking in Open Domain Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Ahn, David

    Data-driven Type Checking in Open Domain Question Answering Stefan Schlobach a,1 David Ahn b,2 question answering systems answer questions by first harvesting a large number of candidate answers, and then picking the most promising one from the list. One criterion for this answer selection is type checking

  14. Management of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) questions & answers

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-11-01

    This {open_quotes}Management of PCBs Questions and Answers{close_quotes} has been developed from a presentation given by Dr. John Smith of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the transcribed question and answer session which followed the presentation. Dr. Smith was featured at the first DOE complex-wide PCB Focus Group meeting held in San Francisco, California in December 1992. The meeting was attended by representatives from field elements who were actively involved in the management of PCBs. The meeting served as a forum for the exchange of information and discussion of PCB management issues. This document has been prepared as one of several guidance documents developed by the Department of Energy Office of Environmental Policy and Assistance (EH-41) (formerly the Office of Environmental Guidance, EH-23) to assist DOE elements in their PCB management programs. This document is organized into three parts: (1) an introduction describing the conception and development of this document, (2) a summary of Dr. Smith`s presentation, and (3) the question and answer session.

  15. Answering List Questions using Co-occurrence and Clustering

    E-print Network

    Kosseim, Leila

    Answering List Questions using Co-occurrence and Clustering Majid Razmara and Leila Kosseim CLa answering list questions is not a new research area, answering them automatically still remains a challenge. The median F-score of systems that participated in TREC 2007 Question Answering track is still very low (0

  16. A QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    A QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS Jinxing Cheng1 , Bimal Kumar2 of these tools. A question answering system can potentially provide a means to directly extracting answers from these computer outputs. This paper examines various issues involved in building such a question answering system

  17. Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions

    ScienceCinema

    Hinchliffe, Ian

    2013-05-29

    contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

  18. Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Hinchliffe, Ian

    2012-01-01

    contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

  19. Document Retrieval in the Context of Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Monz, Christof

    -mail: christof@science.uva.nl URL: www.science.uva.nl/~christof Abstract. Current question answering systems relyDocument Retrieval in the Context of Question Answering Christof Monz Language & Inference's question. A question answering system heavily depends on the effectiveness of a retrieval system

  20. Natural Language Question Answering Over Triple Knowledge Bases

    E-print Network

    Sanner, Scott

    for translating questions into queries over the knowledge base. is report describes a question answering systemNatural Language Question Answering Over Triple Knowledge Bases Aaron Defazio Supervisor: Scott answering system built over a triple knowledge base. Typical document retrieval systems and some question

  1. Answer Selection in a Multi-Stream Open Domain Question Answering System

    E-print Network

    de Rijke, Maarten

    Answer Selection in a Multi-Stream Open Domain Question Answering System Valentin Jijkoun, 1018 WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands E-mail: jijkoun, mdr@science.uva.nl Abstract. Question answering systems aim to meet users' informa- tion needs by returning exact answers in response to a question. Tra

  2. Combining Resources to Find Answers to Biomedical Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dina Demner-fushman; Susanne M. Humphrey; Nicholas C. Ide; Russell F. Loane; James G. Mork; Patrick Ruch; Miguel E. Ruiz; Lawrence H. Smith; W. John Wilbur; Alan R. Aronson

    2007-01-01

    One of the NLM experimental approaches to the 2007 Genomics track question answering task followed the track evaluation design: we attempted identifying exact answers in the form of semantic relations between biomedical entities named in questions and the potential answer types and then marked the passages containing the relations as containing the answers. The goal of this knowledge- based approach

  3. Questions and Answers about Paget's Disease of Bone

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Disease of Bone Paget's Disease Basics Questions and Answers about Paget's Disease of Bone Related Resources Paget's ... Your Health Care Team (FDA) Questions Are the Answer: Get More Involved in Your Health Care (AHRQ) ...

  4. Facilitating Students' Collaboration and Learning in a Question and Answer

    E-print Network

    Narayanan, N. Hari

    Facilitating Students' Collaboration and Learning in a Question and Answer System Abstract Green Dolphin (GD) is a question and answer system for students learning programming, with a social web interface. It crowd-sources the task of answering technical questions to the peers of students who ask

  5. Open-Domain Question Answering Mark Andrew Greenwood

    E-print Network

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Open-Domain Question Answering Mark Andrew Greenwood Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Computer Science University of Sheffield, UK Macdonald (1999) #12;#12;Table of Contents Preface xi I What Is Question Answering? 1 Question Answering

  6. Automatic question answering for Turkish with pattern parsing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erbug Celebi; Burak Gunel; Baturman Sen

    2011-01-01

    In this study, documents are processed with pattern matching techniques and features of documents are extracted for question answering system. We propose to categorize the questions automatically and then select the correct answer from corresponding answer set. We have used name entity recognition and pattern matching to categorize the type of questions. Additionally we have used range queries to submit

  7. You've Got Answers: Towards Personalized Models for Predicting Success in Community Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Agichtein, Eugene

    You've Got Answers: Towards Personalized Models for Predicting Success in Community Question Answering Yandong Liu and Eugene Agichtein Emory University {yliu49,eugene}@mathcs.emory.edu Abstract Question answering communities such as Ya- hoo! Answers have emerged as a popular al- ternative to general

  8. Actions, Answers, and Uncertainty: A Decision-Making Perspective on Web-Based Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Horvitz, Eric

    Actions, Answers, and Uncertainty: A Decision-Making Perspective on Web-Based Question Answering/936-7329 Abstract We present research on methods for generating answers to freely posed questions, based upon multiple queries to search engines and then combining the search results into an answer. We focus

  9. Discovering authorities in question answer communities by using link analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pawel Jurczyk; Eugene Agichtein

    2007-01-01

    Question-Answer portals such as Naver and Yahoo! Answers are quickly becoming rich sources of knowledge on many topics which are not well served by general web search engines. Unfortunately, the quality of the submitted answers is uneven, ranging from excellent detailed answers to snappy and insulting remarks or even advertisements for commercial content. Furthermore, user feedback for many topics is

  10. Discovering Authorities in Question Answer Communities by Using Link Analysis

    E-print Network

    Agichtein, Eugene

    Discovering Authorities in Question Answer Communities by Using Link Analysis Pawel Jurczyk of Mathematics and Computer Science Emory University eugene@mathcs.emory.edu ABSTRACT Question-Answer portals such as Naver and Yahoo! Answers are quickly becoming rich sources of knowledge on many topics which

  11. Core Renewal What we have been hearing: Questions and Answers

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianyu

    Core Renewal What we have been hearing: Questions and Answers August this issue? Answer: The renewed Core does not increase the overall size the requirements of the renewed Core. We all believe that the benefit to most

  12. Functional symptoms in neurology: questions and answers

    PubMed Central

    Reuber, M; Mitchell, A; Howlett, S; Crimlisk, H; Grunewald, R

    2005-01-01

    Between 10 and 30% of patients seen by neurologists have symptoms for which there is no current pathophysiological explanation. The objective of this review is to answer questions many neurologists have about disorders characterised by unexplained symptoms (functional disorders) by conducting a multidisciplinary review based on published reports and clinical experience. Current concepts explain functional symptoms as resulting from auto-suggestion, innate coping styles, disorders of volition or attention. Predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating aetiological factors can be identified and contribute to a therapeutic formulation. The sympathetic communication of the diagnosis by the neurologist is important and all patients should be screened for psychiatric or psychological symptoms because up to two thirds have symptomatic psychiatric comorbidity. Treatment programmes are likely to be most successful if there is close collaboration between neurologists, (liaison) psychiatrists, psychologists, and general practitioners. Long term, symptoms persist in over 50% of patients and many patients remain dependent on financial help from the government. Neurologists can acquire the skills needed to engage patients in psychological treatment but would benefit from closer working relationships with liaison psychiatry or psychology. PMID:15716517

  13. Data-Driven Dialogue for Interactive Question Answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roberto Basili; Diego De Cao; Cristina Giannone; Paolo Marocco

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a light framework for dialogue based interactive question answering is presented. The resulting architecture\\u000a is called REQUIRE (Robust Empirical QUestion answering for Intelligent Retrieval), and represents a flexible and adaptive platform for domain specific dialogue. REQUIRE characterizes as a domain-driven\\u000a dialogue system, whose aim is to support the specific tasks evoked by interactive question answering scenarios. Among

  14. RECONS Answers Fundamental Questions in the Solar Neighborhood

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Henry, Todd J.; Dieterich, S.; Ianna, P. A.; Jao, W.; Koerner, D. W.; Riedel, A. R.; Slatten, K. J.; Subasavage, J. P.; Winters, J. G.; RECONS

    2013-06-01

    Comprehensive surveys are often the best way to answer fundamental questions about the Universe, but it is typically difficult to get reliable results unless great care is taken to develop and understand the sample. By observing a complete sample of red and brown dwarfs (spectral types mid-M to mid-L) in the southern sky within 15 pc --- defined by trigonometric parallax --- the RECONS (www.recons.org, REsearch Consortium On Nearby Stars) team is searching for answers to three basic questions: (1) where are the breaks in the luminosity and mass functions at the stellar/substellar border? (2) what are the populations of stellar, brown dwarf, and Jovian planets orbiting the red dwarfs that account for 75% of all stars? and (3) do the smallest stars exhibit long-term activity cycles like our Sun? We identify a sample of more than 300 of the nearest red and brown dwarfs using a combination of astrometry (parallaxes, proper motions, orbits), and photometry (plate BRI from SuperCOSMOS, VRI from our CCD observations, JHK from 2MASS, and new WISE data). Our observing program, now in its 14th year, is carried out at the CTIO/SMARTS 0.9m telescope. This is the largest long-term study of members of the solar neighborhood in the southern hemisphere, so it provides unparalleled astrometric and photometric time coverage for the nearest red and brown dwarfs. By focusing on a carefully vetted sample of the Sun's neighbors, we can hope to reveal the real answers to the three questions posed above. This effort is supported by the NSF through grants AST-0908402 and AST-1109445, and via observations made possible by the SMARTS Consortium.

  15. Drug Facts Chat Day: NIH Experts Answer Students' Drug Questions

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home Current Issue Past Issues Drug Facts Chat Day: NIH Experts Answer Students' Drug Questions Past Issues / ... Drug Abuse during their first Drug Facts Chat Day. Photo courtesy of NIDA The questions poured in… ...

  16. Answering Questions about Moving Objects in Surveillance Videos

    E-print Network

    Lin, Jimmy

    Answering Questions about Moving Objects in Surveillance Videos Boris Katz, Jimmy Lin, Chris answering capabilities to video footage captured in a surveillance setting. Our pro- totype system, called on video footage captured in a surveillance setting. We have developed Spot, a system that answers

  17. Improving Comprehension? That's A Good Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Charlotte T.

    This paper presents (1) data indicating the need to increase the percentage of higher cognitive questions in the instructional program, based upon research showing that questioning strategies are instrumental in improving comprehension; (2) data indicating that questions currently included in instructional programs are predominantly of the lower…

  18. Question Answering and Generation Arthur C. Graesser1

    E-print Network

    Rus, Vasile

    Question Answering and Generation Arthur C. Graesser1 , Vasile Rus2 , Zhiqiang Cai1 , and Xiangen Hu1 1 Department of Psychology 2 Department of Computer Science Institute for Intelligent Systems The University of Memphis Memphis, TN 38152 USA ABSTRACT Automated Question Answering and Asking are two active

  19. Modeling Community Question-Answering Archives Zainab Zolaktaf

    E-print Network

    Milios, Evangelos E.

    Modeling Community Question-Answering Archives Zainab Zolaktaf Faculty of Computer Science Faculty of Computer Science Dalhousie University eem@cs.dal.ca Abstract Community Question Answering (CQA Dalhousie University zolaktaf@cs.dal.ca Fatemeh Riahi Faculty of Computer Science Dalhousie University riahi

  20. Is Context Actually Helpful? Preliminary Experiments in Contextual Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Kosseim, Leila

    Is Context Actually Helpful? Preliminary Experiments in Contextual Question Answering Steven Winikoff and Leila Kosseim Department of Computer Science Concordia University Montreal, Canada [smw|kosseim]@cs.concordia.ca Abstract In this paper, we present a preliminary experiment in contextual question- answering

  1. Model Tree Learning for Query Term Weighting in Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Monz, Christof

    Model Tree Learning for Query Term Weighting in Question Answering Christof Monz Department of Computer Science Queen Mary, University of London Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom E-mail: christof@dcs.qmul.ac.uk URL: www.dcs.qmul.ac.uk/christof Abstract. Question answering systems rely

  2. Knowledge-Intensive Question Answering Christof Monz Maarten de Rijke

    E-print Network

    de Rijke, Maarten

    Knowledge-Intensive Question Answering Christof Monz Maarten de Rijke Language and Inference Technology, ILLC, U. of Amsterdam Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1018 WV Amsterdam Email: {christof,mdr}@science's Textual Question Answering System, in: E. Voorhees and D.K. Harman (eds), The Tenth Text REtrieval

  3. Unsupervised Question Answering Data Acquisition From Local Corpora

    E-print Network

    Carbonell, Jaime

    Unsupervised Question Answering Data Acquisition From Local Corpora Lucian Vlad Lita Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA llita, PA 15213 USA jgc@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT Data-driven approaches in question answering (QA) are in

  4. Keys to Success: School Facilities Primer, Questions & Answers 101.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Jim

    This publication provides answers to basic questions to help school board members more fully address the complexities of the planning, design, and construction process in order to maximize the goal of student success. The 101 questions and answers are in the areas of: facility planning; learning environment; information technology; safe schools;…

  5. 99 Facts about the FBI: Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Quantico, VA.

    This booklet on the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) attempts to provide an overview of the FBI's functions. Presented in a question and answer format, the 99 questions and answers discuss the federal government agency's history, administrative matters, jurisdiction, criminal investigations, security matters, foreign counter-intelligence, and…

  6. Frequently begged questions and how to answer them [software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Zvegintzov

    1998-01-01

    Typical empirical questions about software and the software business include “How productive are programming teams?”, “What are the industry norms?”, “What are the best practices?”, and “How should I measure the productivity of a programming team?” These, and others like them, are frequently asked questions. I always answer these questions with a question. “What are you trying to decide?” People

  7. Answers to review questions in the book On these pages you find the author's answers to the review questions presented at the end of each book

    E-print Network

    Fossen, Haakon

    Answers to review questions in the book On these pages you find the author's answers to the review about how to answer some of those questions. Any- way, some of the questions can be answered in different ways, so do not consider them as an absolute key. In general, when answering questions

  8. Concealed Questions. In Search of Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frana, Ilaria

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation examines the semantic interpretation of various types of DPs in so-called concealed-question (CQ) constructions, as "Bill's phone number" in the sentence "John knows Bill's phone number". The peculiar characteristic of DP-CQs is that they are interpreted as having the meaning of an embedded question. So, for instance, the…

  9. What Makes a Good Answer? The Role of Context in Question Answering Jimmy Lin, Dennis Quan, Vineet Sinha, Karun Bakshi,

    E-print Network

    What Makes a Good Answer? The Role of Context in Question Answering Jimmy Lin, Dennis Quan, Vineet: Question answering systems have proven to be helpful to users because they can provide succinct answers in the underlying question answering technology, the problem of designing effective interfaces has been largely

  10. Question Answering from FrequentlyAsked Question Files: Experiences with the FAQ Finder System

    E-print Network

    Burke, Robin

    Question Answering from Frequently­Asked Question Files: Experiences with the FAQ Finder System, Noriko Tomuro, & Scott Schoenberg School of Computer Science, DePaul University 243 S. Wabash, Chicago -- not for citation Abstract This paper describes FAQ Finder, a natural language question­answering system that uses

  11. BioGrapher: Biography Questions as a Restricted Domain Question Answering Task

    E-print Network

    de Rijke, Maarten

    University of Amsterdam simaan@science.uva.nl Abstract We address Question Answering (QA) for biograph- icalBioGrapher: Biography Questions as a Restricted Domain Question Answering Task Oren Tsur Text University of Amsterdam mdr@science.uva.nl Khalil Sima'an Institute for Logic, Language and Computation

  12. On Claims That Answer the Wrong Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James G. Greeno

    1997-01-01

    Anderson, Reder, and Simon (1996) contested four propositions that they incorrectly called “claims of situated learning.” This response argues that the important differences between situative and cognitive perspectives are not addressed by discussion of these imputed claims. Instead, there are significant differences in the framing assumptions of the two perspectives. I clarify these differences by inferring questions to which Anderson

  13. Italian Language Resources in a Question Answering Task

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francesca Bertagna

    The paper describes the first phase of a work dedicated to the exploitation of lin- guistic resources in a QA application for Italian. In particular, the form of Italian Wh-questions introduced by Quale and Che is analyzed, in order to highlight the information that is crucial for singling out the answer(s) in a document collection. A preliminar investigation of the

  14. Tie strength in question answer on social network sites

    E-print Network

    Panovich, Katrina Marie

    Asking friends, colleagues, or other trusted people to help answer a question or find information is a familiar and tried-and-true concept. Widespread use of online social networks has made social information seeking easier, ...

  15. Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions

    ScienceCinema

    Walker, Iain

    2013-11-14

    In this follow-up "Ask Berkeley Lab" video, energy efficiency expert Iain Walker answers some of your questions about home energy efficiency. How do you monitor which appliances use the most energy? Should you replace your old windows? Are photovoltaic systems worth the cost? What to do about a leaky house? And what's the single biggest energy user in your home? Watch the video to get the answers to these and more questions.

  16. Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, Iain

    2013-02-14

    In this follow-up "Ask Berkeley Lab" video, energy efficiency expert Iain Walker answers some of your questions about home energy efficiency. How do you monitor which appliances use the most energy? Should you replace your old windows? Are photovoltaic systems worth the cost? What to do about a leaky house? And what's the single biggest energy user in your home? Watch the video to get the answers to these and more questions.

  17. Cem Kaner Essay Questions Page 1 How to Answer Essay Questions in the Graduate Level

    E-print Network

    of your answer to a long essay question. Create a set of sample questions that covers the material you of sample questions. For the rest, make a list of every significant topic in the course you are studying, and make up questions for every topic not already well covered with the sample questions you have on hand

  18. Using Questioning Techniques and the Cloze Procedure in a Second Grade Classroom To Increase Reading Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelty, Carole L.

    This practicum program was developed and implemented to increase the reading comprehension of second grade students. The objectives of the program were for students to improve the ability to use context clues by 20%, improve reading comprehension by 15%, identify the 4 types of QAR (Question Answer Relationship) questions by 80%, and write…

  19. Biology 253 Human Anatomy Exam II Fall 2010 page 1 of 8 IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER ONLY 50 QUESTIONS. Do not answer more than 50 questions. If

    E-print Network

    Houde, Peter

    Biology 253 Human Anatomy Exam II Fall 2010 page 1 of 8 IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER ONLY 50 QUESTIONS. Do not answer more than 50 questions. If you answer more than 50 questions, then you will be graded on only the first 50 of these, regardless of whether the extra questions are answered correctly

  20. To appear in Proceedings of AAAI94 Automated Modeling for Answering Prediction Questions

    E-print Network

    Kuipers, Benjamin

    , which separates as­ pects of the scenario that must be modeled from those that can be ignored is comprehensible. To balance these competing requirements, a modeler must choose a system boundary that separatesTo appear in Proceedings of AAAI­94 Automated Modeling for Answering Prediction Questions

  1. What Can Standardized Reading Tests Tell Us? Question-Answer Relationships and Students' Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Danhua

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the comprehension subsection of Nelson-Denny Reading Test Form G (Brown, Fishco, & Hanna, 1993a) and some urban developmental students' performance on it. Three types of question-answer relations were identified using Pearson and Johnson's taxonomy. Students' performance was expressed in their scores on the three types of…

  2. Answering Questions about Unanswered Questions of Stack Overflow

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Kevin A.

    is an ex- ample of such a service that targets developers and software engineers. In general, questions of knowledge on the site. SO's active community attracts information seekers from around the globe harvesting its knowledge-base. Many visitors become members of the site and contribute to the site dynamics

  3. Finding Expert Users in Community Question Answering Fatemeh Riahi

    E-print Network

    Milios, Evangelos E.

    Finding Expert Users in Community Question Answering Fatemeh Riahi Faculty of Computer Science@cs.dal.ca Evangelos Milios Faculty of Computer Science Dalhousie University eem@cs.dal.ca ABSTRACT Community Question Dalhousie University riahi@cs.dal.ca Zainab Zolaktaf Faculty of Computer Science Dalhousie University

  4. Climate Science: Key Questions and Answers Tuesday, May 11, 2010

    E-print Network

    Climate Science: Key Questions and Answers Tuesday, May 11, 2010 12:00 to 1:30pm Capitol Visitor (IPCC) have led to questions about some climate change research results, the ethics of practicing to examine which climate change science results are well understood and where key uncertainties exist

  5. Contextual Concept Language Model for Answering Biomedical Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qi Sun; Jinguo Yao; Junyu Niu

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we utilize MeSH vocabulary to capture concepts of each word appearing in questions and documents and two new methods, contextual concept smoothing language model (CCSLM) and contextual concept language model (CCLM), are proposed to find the answer sentences from biomedical literature to questions proposed by biomedical experts. The concepts employed in the models, instead of keywords, guarantee

  6. Offline Strategies for Online Question Answering: Answering Questions Before They Are Asked

    E-print Network

    Hovy, Eduard

    Clinton" and "Bill Clinton, president of the USA,"). We then compare answers based on these relations-instance relations from newspaper text using syntactic patterns and machine-learned filters (e.g., "president Bill

  7. Culture and Survey Question Answering: A Behavior Coding Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Young Ik Cho; Anne Fuller; Thom File; Allyson L. Holbrook; Timothy P. Johnson

    Creating survey questions that are well understood uniformly across cultures is a challenge of growing importance for survey researchers conducting surveys of increasingly heterogeneous populations. A number of studies have demonstrated that respondent comprehension of survey questions varies across cultures (e.g., Warnecke et al., 1997). One approach to doing so has been to use behavior coding, a methodology in which

  8. Question Answering using Integrated Information Retrieval and Information Extraction

    E-print Network

    Schiffman, Barry

    Question Answering using Integrated Information Retrieval and Information Extraction Barry Schiffman and Kathleen R. McKeown Department of Computer Science Columbia University New York, NY 10027 bschiff,kathy@cs.columbia.edu Ralph Grishman Department of Computer Science New York University New York

  9. UNION ORGANIZING EFFORTS AT TUFTS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

    E-print Network

    Tufts University

    UNION ORGANIZING EFFORTS AT TUFTS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS TEA AND HUCTW Q. What is the Tufts Employee itself as an "employee association...organizing around the model of the Harvard Union of Clerical and Technical Workers." It appears that the Harvard Union has played a primary role in forming the TEA, defining

  10. Questions and Answers about RTI: A Guide to Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Heather; Petruzzelli, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    As Response-to-Intervention (RTI) models continue to attract a great deal of attention, school and district leaders need to understand the structures needed, the personnel required, the challenges faced, and rewards realized from RTI. "Questions and Answers About RTI: A Guide to Success" is designed to guide a school or district through the…

  11. Fillers as Signals: Evidence from a Question-Answering Paradigm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Esther J.; Risko, Evan F.; Kingstone, Alan

    2014-01-01

    The present study examined the influence of a human or computer "partner" on the production of fillers ("um" and "uh") during a question and answer task. Experiment 1 investigated whether or not responding to a human partner as opposed to a computer partner results in a higher rate of filler production. Participants…

  12. Please answer the following questions: 1. Title of Proposed Project

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Please answer the following questions: 1. Title of Proposed Project 2. How did you learn about. Please note that WIF funded projects may not be eligible to receive other campus fellowships. Upon completion of the project, the student is required to submit a copy of their final paper or product, as well

  13. Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Questions, Answers, and Presuppositions

    E-print Network

    Belnap, Nuel

    Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Questions, Answers, and Presuppositions Author(s): Nuel D. Belnap, Jr. Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 63, No. 20, American Philosophical Association Eastern Division Sixty-Third Annual Meeting (Oct. 27, 1966), pp. 609-611 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Stable

  14. American Indians Today: Answers to Your Questions. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    This booklet answers briefly the most common questions about American Indians asked by students, teachers, researchers, librarians, government agencies, and the news media. Sections outline the history, responsibilities, educational programs, and housing programs of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA); President Bush's American Indian policy;…

  15. Answering Clinical Questions with Knowledge-Based and Statistical Techniques

    E-print Network

    Lin, Jimmy

    designed to satisfy the information needs of physicians practicing evidence-based medicine. We haveAnswering Clinical Questions with Knowledge-Based and Statistical Techniques Dina Demner to structured representations of information needs, in accordance with the principles of evidence- based

  16. 500 Questions and Answers for New Teachers: A Survival Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torreano, Joanna Montagna

    This book presents tips, in the form of questions and answers, to help beginning teachers feel less isolated. There are six sections. "Getting Your Act Together" includes "What To Do Before School Opens"; "The First Day of School"; "Open House"; "Goal Setting"; and "Last Day of School.""Getting To Know You" includes "Administrators"; "Board of…

  17. What about the Bottle? Answers to Common Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laird, Valerie

    2001-01-01

    Acknowledges the large amount of confusing information about bottle feeding in areas including nutrition, sanitation, dental health, psychology, and child development. Answers specific questions pertaining to choice of formula and formula preparation, supporting breastfeeding, bottle choice, solid food introduction, feeding position, spitting up,…

  18. Nuclear Power and the Environment--Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campana, Robert J.; Langer, Sidney

    This booklet has been developed to help the layman understand and evaluate the various efforts being undertaken to utilize nuclear power for the benefit of mankind. The question and answer format is utilized. Among the topics discussed are: Our Needs for Electricity; Sources of Radiation; Radiation from Nuclear Power Plants; Biological Effects of…

  19. Questions, Answers, and Clarifications Addendum 2 Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure Solicitation

    E-print Network

    Questions, Answers, and Clarifications ­ Addendum 2 Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure Solicitation PON-13-607 Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program California Energy Commission December 2030 January 29, 2013 2014 How an Award is Determined Q.1 For the 100% Renewable Hydrogen

  20. Semantic passage segmentation based on sentence topics for question answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyo-Jung Oh; Sung-Hyon Myaeng; Myung-Gil Jang

    2007-01-01

    We propose a semantic passage segmentation method for a Question Answering (QA) system. We define a semantic passage as sentences grouped by semantic coherence, determined by the topic assigned to individual sentences. Topic assignments are done by a sentence classifier based on a statistical classification technique, Maximum Entropy (ME), com- bined with multiple linguistic features. We ran experiments to evaluate

  1. Indexing UMLS Semantic Types for Medical Question-Answering

    E-print Network

    Zweigenbaum, Pierre

    -language medical text collection, obtained from health-oriented Web sites, with UMLS (Unified Medical Connecting Language, Text Mining and Information Retrieval #12;Language System) concepts and semantic types. WeIndexing UMLS Semantic Types for Medical Question-Answering Thierry Delbecquea , Pierre Jacquemarta

  2. Infectious Mononucleosis in Active Patients: Definitive Answers to Common Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auwaerter, Paul G.

    2002-01-01

    Describes infectious mononucleosis (IM), examining viral transmission and infection, clinical features, diagnosis, and management. Focuses on answers to several commonly asked questions about IM in sport (e.g., when it is safe to resume sports after IM, how often fatigue or depression are related to earlier bouts of IM, and how often IM is…

  3. Questions and Answers as a Means of Teaching Argumentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Bill

    Intended for use by instructors of upper division speech courses, this paper describes a questioning and answering technique for teaching argumentation. The first section of the paper discusses the concept of argumentative exchange, which is defined as an episode between two or more individuals wherein one or more feel that differences of belief…

  4. CERCLA Site Assessment questions and answers (Qs&As)

    SciTech Connect

    Traceski, T.T.

    1993-11-09

    This documents contains commonly asked questions and corresponding answers (Qs&As) on the CERCLA Site Assessment process. These questions were derived from DOE element responses to a solicitation calling for the identification of (unresolved) issues associated with the conduct of CERCLA site assessments, and from inquiries received during a series of Site Assessment Workshops provided by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Office of Environmental Guidance, RCRA/CERCLA Division (EH-231). Answers to these questions were prepared by EH-231 in cooperation with the EPA Federal Facilities Team in Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Site Assessment Branch, and in coordination with the Office of Environmental Compliance, Facilities Compliance Division (EH-222).

  5. Survey Design Research: A Tool for Answering Nursing Research Questions.

    PubMed

    Siedlecki, Sandra L; Butler, Robert S; Burchill, Christian N

    2015-01-01

    The clinical nurse specialist is in a unique position to identify and study clinical problems in need of answers, but lack of time and resources may discourage nurses from conducting research. However, some research methods can be used by the clinical nurse specialist that are not time-intensive or cost prohibitive. The purpose of this article is to explain the utility of survey methodology for answering a number of nursing research questions. The article covers survey content, reliability and validity issues, sample size considerations, and methods of survey delivery. PMID:26053608

  6. STS-114: Discovery Question & Answer with Joint Crew on ISS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    STS-114 Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Souichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Charles Camarda, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Expedition 11 Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips answers questions from United States, Japanese and Russian News media in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station. Risk, safety, extravehicular activities, spacewalks, re-entry, gap fillers, tiles, flight operations, flight crew activities, team work, and life in space are topics covered with the News media.

  7. Internet delivered question and answer column for patients with schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Maijala, Riikka; Anttila, Minna; Koivunen, Marita; Pitkänen, Anneli; Kuosmanen, Lauri; Välimäki, Maritta

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the use of an Internet delivered question and answer column among patients with schizophrenia. The column was developed for research purposes. The study sample consisted of patients (N?=?100) admitted to acute inpatient psychiatric care in two hospital districts. Descriptive data were collected from the column to which a nurse replied within 3 days and analysed using qualitative content analysis. The column had four to five questions weekly. The most common age of users was 18-24 years, and the gender distribution was almost equal. Column use was heaviest among students (44%) and least among unemployed people (19%). Out of 85 questions or comments sent to the column, 25 (29%) were related to program training and the remaining 60 (71%) were related to medication (31%), illness and tests (25%), other questions or comments (9%), daily life and coping with it (4%), and places to receive treatment (2%). An Internet delivered question and answer column can be included in the care of patients with schizophrenia. However, it requires a new type of basic and additional education in the field of mental health care in order for nurses to be able to provide nursing via the Internet forum. PMID:24960233

  8. Public library patrons' use of collaborative chat reference service: The effectiveness of question answering by question type

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nahyun Kwon

    2007-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of question answering by question types in the inter-institutional collaborative chat reference service at a public library system. In particular, this study examined whether subject-based research type questions are answered as effectively as simple factual type questions, and whether local-specific questions are answered as effectively as non-local questions in the inter-institutional chat reference service. Effectiveness

  9. PrimeAnswers: A Practical Interface for Answering Primary Care Questions

    PubMed Central

    Ketchell, Debra S.; St. Anna, Leilani; Kauff, David; Gaster, Barak; Timberlake, Diane

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes an institutional approach taken to build a primary care reference portal. The objective for the site is to make access to and use of clinical reference faster and easier and to facilitate the use of evidence-based answers in daily practice. Reference objects were selected and metadata applied to a core set of sources. Metadata were used to search, sort, and filter results and to define deep-linked queries and structure the interface. User feedback resulted in an expansion in the scope of reference objects to meet the broad spectrum of information needs, including patient handouts and interactive risk management tools. Results of a user satisfaction survey suggest that a simple interface to customized content makes it faster and easier for primary care clinicians to find information during the clinic day and to improve care to their patients. The PrimeAnswers portal is a first step in creating a fast search of a customized set of reference objects to match a clinician's patient care questions in the clinic. The next step is developing methods to solve the problem of matching a clinician's question to a specific answer through precise retrieval from reference sources; however, lack of internal structure and Web service standards in most clinical reference sources is an unresolved problem. PMID:15905488

  10. 76 FR 64175 - Loans in Areas Having Special Flood Hazards; Interagency Questions and Answers Regarding Flood...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-17

    ...and answers, one relating to insurable value and one relating to force placement, and...question and answer regarding insurable value. The two final questions and answers supplement...answers addressed issues related to insurable value and force placement of flood...

  11. Instructor-Aided Asynchronous Question Answering System for Online Education and Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wen, Dunwei; Cuzzola, John; Brown, Lorna; Kinshuk

    2012-01-01

    Question answering systems have frequently been explored for educational use. However, their value was somewhat limited due to the quality of the answers returned to the student. Recent question answering (QA) research has started to incorporate deep natural language processing (NLP) in order to improve these answers. However, current NLP…

  12. Use of Credibility Heuristics in a Social Question-Answering Service

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This study looked at the effect of community peripheral cues (specifically voting score and answerer's reputation) on the user's credibility rating of answers. Method: Students in technology and philosophy were asked to assess the credibility of answers to questions posted on a social question-answering platform. Through the use of a…

  13. Immediate Feedback and Opportunity to Revise Answers to Open-Ended Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attali, Yigal; Powers, Don

    2010-01-01

    Two experiments examine the psychometric effects of providing immediate feedback on the correctness of answers to open-ended questions, and allowing participants to revise their answers following feedback. Participants answering verbal and math questions are able to correct many of their initial incorrect answers, resulting in higher revised…

  14. 26 CFR 31.3405(c)-1 - Withholding on eligible rollover distributions; questions and answers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Withholding on eligible rollover distributions; questions and answers. 31.3405... Withholding on eligible rollover distributions; questions and answers. The following...to withholding on eligible rollover distributions under section 3405(c) of...

  15. 26 CFR 1.402(f)-1 - Required explanation of eligible rollover distributions; questions and answers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Required explanation of eligible rollover distributions; questions and answers. 1.402...Required explanation of eligible rollover distributions; questions and answers. The...Internal Revenue Code of 1986 relating to distributions eligible for rollover...

  16. Computer Architecture Screening Exam For the Breadth exam, answer questions (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5).

    E-print Network

    Liblit, Ben

    Computer Architecture Screening Exam Fall 1988 Directions For the Breadth exam, answer questions (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5). For the Depth exam, answer all 8 questions. (1) Suppose you want to design a 4

  17. Rats answer an unexpected question after incidental encoding.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Wenyi; Hohmann, Andrea G; Crystal, Jonathon D

    2012-06-19

    A fundamental aspect of episodic memory is that retrieval of information can occur when encoding is incidental and memory assessment is unexpected. These features are difficult to model in animals because behavioral training likely gives rise to well-learned expectations about the sequence of events. Thus, the possibility remains that animals may solve an episodic memory test by using well-learned semantic rules without remembering the episode at memory assessment. Here we show that rats can answer an unexpected question after incidental encoding in a hippocampal-dependent manner, consistent with the use of episodic memory. Rats were initially trained to report about a recent event (food versus no food) and separately searched for food where there was no expectation of being asked about the presence of food. To test episodic memory, we gave rats the opportunity to incidentally encode the presence or absence of food and unexpectedly asked them to report about the recent event. Temporary inactivation of the CA3 region of the hippocampus with bilateral infusions of lidocaine selectively eliminated the ability of rats to answer the unexpected, but not the expected, question. Our studies suggest that rats remember an earlier episode after incidental encoding based upon hippocampal-dependent episodic memory. PMID:22633809

  18. Open Questions in Charm Decays Deserving an Answer

    E-print Network

    I. I. Bigi

    1994-08-04

    A list is given of those open questions concerning the dynamics of charm decays where there exists a strong need for an answer. Such a need is based on lessons to be learnt about QCD -- either in their own right or for a better understanding of $B$ physics -- or on searches for New Physics with a small background from the Standard Model. The major items on this list are: lifetimes of the $\\Xi _c^{0,+}$ baryons; semileptonic branching ratios of $D_s$, $\\Lambda _c$ and $\\Xi _c$ hadrons and absolute branching ratios for those states; radiative decays $D\\rightarrow \\gamma K^*,\\, \\gamma \\rho /\\omega , \\, D_s \\rightarrow \\gamma \\phi /\\omega ,\\, D\\rightarrow l^+l^-K/K^*$; $D^0-\\bar D^0$ oscillations down to a sensitivity below $10^{-4}$ and CP asymmetries in non-leptonic $D$ decays down to 0.1\\%. Ongoing and already approved experiments will produce important new insights, which are unlikely to provide sufficient answers to all these questions yet. It is discussed how a third-generation fixed-target experiment like CHARM2000 or a $\\tau$-charm factory can fill the bill.

  19. Combining resources to find answers to biomedical questions Dina Demner-Fushman,a

    E-print Network

    Ruiz, Miguel E.

    Combining resources to find answers to biomedical questions Dina Demner-Fushman,a Susanne M to the 2007 Genomics track question answering task followed the track evaluation design: we attempted identifying exact answers in the form of semantic relations between biomedical entities named in questions

  20. Answering Why and How questions with respect to a frame-based knowledge base: a preliminary

    E-print Network

    Baral, Chitta

    Answering Why and How questions with respect to a frame-based knowledge base: a preliminary report.liang@asu.edu Abstract Being able to answer questions with respect to a given text is the cornerstone of language un- derstanding and at the primary school level students are taught how to answer various kinds of questions

  1. 41 CFR 300-2.20 - What is the purpose of the question & answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...What is the purpose of the question & answer format? 300-2.20 Section 300-2... 2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.20 What is the purpose of the question & answer format? The Q&A format is an...

  2. 41 CFR 300-2.20 - What is the purpose of the question & answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...What is the purpose of the question & answer format? 300-2.20 Section 300-2... 2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.20 What is the purpose of the question & answer format? The Q&A format is an...

  3. 41 CFR 300-2.20 - What is the purpose of the question & answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...What is the purpose of the question & answer format? 300-2.20 Section 300-2... 2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.20 What is the purpose of the question & answer format? The Q&A format is an...

  4. 41 CFR 300-2.20 - What is the purpose of the question & answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...What is the purpose of the question & answer format? 300-2.20 Section 300-2... 2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.20 What is the purpose of the question & answer format? The Q&A format is an...

  5. 77 FR 74671 - Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding Food Facility Registration (Fifth Edition)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-17

    ...FDA-2012-D-1002] Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding Food...announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled ``Questions and Answers Regarding...under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended...announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled ``Questions and Answers...

  6. Implementing Online Question Generation to Foster Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Hui-Chin; Lai, Pei-Yi

    2012-01-01

    Many studies have concluded that question generation has a positive effect on students' reading comprehension. However, few studies have delineated how students generate questions from a text and what processes are involved in question generation. This study aims to investigate how the question generation processes improve students' reading…

  7. Combining Low-Level and Summary Representations of Opinions for Multi-Perspective Question Answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire Cardie; Janyce Wiebe; Theresa Wilson; Diane J. Litman

    2003-01-01

    While much recent progress has been made in research on fact-based question answering (Voorhees and Dice, 2000; Voorhees, 2001), our work aims to extend question-answering re- search in a different direction — to handle multi-perspective question-answering tasks, i.e. ques- tion-answering tasks that require an ability to find and organize opinions in text. In particular, this paper proposes an approach to

  8. How Online Crowds Influence the Way Individual Consumers Answer Health Questions

    PubMed Central

    Lau, A.Y.S.; Kwok, T.M.Y.; Coiera, E.

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether strength of social feedback, i.e. other people who concur (or do not concur) with one’s own answer to a question, influences the way one answers health questions. Methods Online prospective study. Two hundred and twenty-seven undergraduate students were recruited to use an online search engine to answer six health questions. Subjects recorded their pre- and post-search answers to each question and their level of confidence in these answers. After answering each question post-search, subjects were presented with a summary of post-search answers provided by previous subjects and were asked to answer the question again. Results There was a statistically significant relationship between the absolute number of others with a different answer (the crowd’s opinion volume) and the likelihood of an individual changing an answer (P<0.001). For most questions, no subjects changed their answer until the first 10–35 subjects completed the study. Subjects’ likelihood of changing answer increased as the percentage of others with a different answer (the crowd’s opinion density) increased (P=0.047). Overall, 98.3% of subjects did not change their answer when it concurred with the majority (i.e. >50%) of subjects, and that 25.7% of subjects changed their answer to the majority response when it did not concur with the majority. When subjects had a post-search answer that did not concur with the majority, they were 24% more likely to change answer than those with answers that concurred (P<0.001). Conclusion This study provides empirical evidence that crowd influence, in the form of online social feedback, affects the way consumers answer health questions. PMID:23616869

  9. 78 FR 70953 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Generic Drug User Fee Amendments of 2012: Questions and Answers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ...Fee Amendments of 2012: Questions and Answers (Revision 1); Reopening of the Comment...Fee Amendments of 2012: Questions and Answers (Revision 1)'', published in the...Fee Amendments of 2012: Questions and Answers (Revision 1).'' Interested...

  10. Questions and answers about using magnets to treat pain.

    PubMed

    2005-01-01

    The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine of the National Institutes of Health has published a detailed set of questions and answers about using magnets to treat pain. This resource cites the relevant scientific literature and addresses the following questions. What are magnets? Is the use of magnets considered conventional medicine or complementary and alternative medicine? What is the history of the discovery and use of magnets to treat pain? How common is the use of magnets to treat pain? What are some examples of theories and beliefs about magnets and pain? How are static magnets used in attempts to treat pain? How are electromagnets used in attempts to treat pain? What is known from the scientific evidence about the effectiveness of magnets in treating pain? Are there scientific controversies associated with using magnets for pain? Have any side effects or complications occurred from using magnets for pain? What should consumers know if they are considering using magnets to treat pain? Is the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) funding research on magnets for pain and other diseases and conditions? The report also includes definitions and three appendices that address the following issues: Research on Theories and Beliefs On How Magnets Might Relieve Pain, General and Systematic Reviews on CAM Magnetic Therapy for Pain Published From August 1999 to August 2003, and Reports on Randomized Clinical Trials of Magnetic Therapy for Pain from January 1997 to March 2004. PMID:16061466

  11. How to Evaluate your Question Answering System Every Day and Still Get Real Work Done

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric J. Breck; John D. Burger; Lisa Ferro; Lynette Hirschman; David House; Marc Light; Inderjeet Mani

    2000-01-01

    I n this paper, we report on Qaviar, an experimental automated evaluation system for question answering applications. The goal of our research was to find an automatically calculated measure that correlates well with human judges' assessment of answer correctness in the c ontext of question answering tasks. Qaviar judges the response by computing recall against the stemmed content words in

  12. Looking Under the Hood: Tools for Diagnosing Your Question Answering Engine1

    E-print Network

    Breck, Eric

    Looking Under the Hood: Tools for Diagnosing Your Question Answering Engine1 Eric Breck , Marc of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, gsm@cs.jhu.edu School of Computing analyze two question answering tasks : the TREC-8 ques- tion answering task and a set of reading

  13. Cross-Language Question Answering at the USC Information Sciences Institute

    E-print Network

    Marcu, Daniel

    Cross-Language Question Answering at the USC Information Sciences Institute Abdessamad Echihabi, Douglas W. Oard , Daniel Marcu, and Ulf Hermjakob University of Southern California Information Sciences@umd.edu Abstract. The TextMap-TMT cross-language question answering sys- tem at USC-ISI was designed to answer

  14. Finding the right facts in the crowd: factoid question answering over social media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jiang Bian; Yandong Liu; Eugene Agichtein; Hongyuan Zha

    2008-01-01

    Community Question Answering has emerged as a popu- lar and efiective paradigm for a wide range of information needs. For example, to flnd out an obscure piece of trivia, it is now possible and even very efiective to post a question on a popular community QA site such as Yahoo! Answers, and to rely on other users to provide answers,

  15. How to Answer These Tricky Interview Questions By Kate Lorenz, CareerBuilder.com

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    How to Answer These Tricky Interview Questions By Kate Lorenz, CareerBuilder.com Does the thought recommend that you spend at least three hours preparing for each interview. You should draft answers that are common across the board. Reading through the following questions and developing your own answers

  16. Some questions and answers about the Satellite Power System (SPS)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    The Office of Energy Research, US DOE is evaluating the concept of obtaining significant amounts of electrical energy from space through the Satellite Power System Project Office (SPS PO) formed for that purpose. The SPS PO prepared and is implementing a Concept Development and Evaluation Program plan. The CDEP runs roughly three years (from July 1977 through July 1980) and consists of four primary elements: (1) Systems Definition, (2) Environmental Assessment, (3) Societal Assessment, and (4) Comparative Assessment. One facet of the Societal Assessment is an investigation of public concerns. To further this investigation, a public outreach experiment was initiated to determine the initial response of three selected interest groups to the SPS, both qualitatively and quantititavely, and to gain some experience for use in future public participation activities. Three groups were contacted and agreed to participate in the experiment. They were: the Citizens Energy Project (CEP), the Forum for the Advancement of Students in Science and Technology (FASST), and the L-5 Society (L-5). They each agreed to condense twenty final SPS reports into approximately four pages each, have them typeset, printed and distributed to 3,000 of their constituents for their review, together with a request that they respond to the parent organization regarding the information presented. All responses were summarized and provided to Planning Research Corporation who then solicited the answers from the SPS PO investigator most directly concerned.The questions and answers are presented and will be distributed by the three groups to the individual respondents. Each of the three groups is also preparing a report to the Project Office detailing their work and results. These, together with other responses and studies will be used to more effectively involve the public in the SPS Participatory Technology Process.

  17. Comprehensive Interpretive Plans: A Framework of Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Marianna; Koke, Judy

    2008-01-01

    As explored elsewhere in this publication, the purpose of a Comprehensive or Institution-wide Interpretive Plan (CIP) is to define or articulate the intellectual framework that connects the mission of an organization and its collections with the needs and interests of its audiences. In so doing, it should follow that this plan, shaped by the…

  18. Answering questions about consciousness by modeling perception as covert behavior.

    PubMed

    Markkula, Gustav

    2015-01-01

    Two main open questions in current consciousness research concern (i) the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC) and (ii) the relationship between neural activity and first-person, subjective experience. Here, possible answers are sketched for both of these, by means of a model-based analysis of what is required for one to admit having a conscious experience. To this end, a model is proposed that allows reasoning, albeit necessarily in a simplistic manner, about all of the so called "easy problems" of consciousness, from discrimination of stimuli to control of behavior and language. First, it is argued that current neuroscientific knowledge supports the view of perception and action selection as two examples of the same basic phenomenon, such that one can meaningfully refer to neuronal activations involved in perception as covert behavior. Building on existing neuroscientific and psychological models, a narrative behavior model is proposed, outlining how the brain selects covert (and sometimes overt) behaviors to construct a complex, multi-level narrative about what it is like to be the individual in question. It is hypothesized that we tend to admit a conscious experience of X if, at the time of judging consciousness, we find ourselves acceptably capable of performing narrative behavior describing X. It is argued that the proposed account reconciles seemingly conflicting empirical results, previously presented as evidence for competing theories of consciousness, and suggests that well-defined, experiment-independent NCCs are unlikely to exist. Finally, an analysis is made of what the modeled narrative behavior machinery is and is not capable of. It is discussed how an organism endowed with such a machinery could, from its first-person perspective, come to adopt notions such as "subjective experience," and of there being "hard problems," and "explanatory gaps" to be addressed in order to understand consciousness. PMID:26136704

  19. Answering Scientific Questions Using an Artistic Framework: A Personal Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Little, S. F. B.

    2014-12-01

    Being multidisciplinary, while admired, is not viewed as a goal of education. Instead, extreme specialization is emphasized. One seeks to attain mastery of a given subject, but at what cost? Even those fields viewed as "interdisciplinary" are often quite narrow in scope, only permitting the most closely related subjects to coalesce. The arts however, are by nature both inter- and multi-disciplinary. They attempt to research, analyze, and reflect upon broader questions, often employing techniques garnered from far-flung fields in order to do so. It is an unfortunate dilemma then that the artist should seem so separate from the scientist, as it seems that both are engaged in a sort of hypothesis testing. Perhaps this division is a remnant of the antiquated left- and right-brained dichotomy, which clearly separated the two groups: Science and Art, Left and Right. In this way, the artist was branded as Science's "other," despite the inherent sameness of their processes. This "otherness" has been carried forward to the present, where artists are often viewed as simply craftspeople -object makers- and the concept of the "artistic problem" is rarely considered. As someone possessing degrees in both Fine Art and Hydrology, the author attempts to explain the connection between the two subjects, and the manner in which they compliment and enlighten each other in her own research. She hypothesizes that in addition to this "otherness," it is the multi-dimensional mode of thinking and dealing with problems that sets the artist apart. But this is a dynamic trait, and as such, it should be considered that by approaching scientific endeavors as artistic problems, the researcher could be permitted a broader framework in which to answer a given scientific question.

  20. Answering questions about consciousness by modeling perception as covert behavior

    PubMed Central

    Markkula, Gustav

    2015-01-01

    Two main open questions in current consciousness research concern (i) the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC) and (ii) the relationship between neural activity and first-person, subjective experience. Here, possible answers are sketched for both of these, by means of a model-based analysis of what is required for one to admit having a conscious experience. To this end, a model is proposed that allows reasoning, albeit necessarily in a simplistic manner, about all of the so called “easy problems” of consciousness, from discrimination of stimuli to control of behavior and language. First, it is argued that current neuroscientific knowledge supports the view of perception and action selection as two examples of the same basic phenomenon, such that one can meaningfully refer to neuronal activations involved in perception as covert behavior. Building on existing neuroscientific and psychological models, a narrative behavior model is proposed, outlining how the brain selects covert (and sometimes overt) behaviors to construct a complex, multi-level narrative about what it is like to be the individual in question. It is hypothesized that we tend to admit a conscious experience of X if, at the time of judging consciousness, we find ourselves acceptably capable of performing narrative behavior describing X. It is argued that the proposed account reconciles seemingly conflicting empirical results, previously presented as evidence for competing theories of consciousness, and suggests that well-defined, experiment-independent NCCs are unlikely to exist. Finally, an analysis is made of what the modeled narrative behavior machinery is and is not capable of. It is discussed how an organism endowed with such a machinery could, from its first-person perspective, come to adopt notions such as “subjective experience,” and of there being “hard problems,” and “explanatory gaps” to be addressed in order to understand consciousness.

  1. [Dental care in pregnancy. Ten questions and answers].

    PubMed

    Patcas, Raphael; Schmidlin, Patrick R; Zimmermann, Roland; Gnoinski, Wanda

    2012-01-01

    Dental care of pregnant patients is a demanding task. On one hand, clinicians are facing patients with an altered physiology that may cause a greater need for treatment. On the other hand, pregnancy in itself as well as the unborn child involves potential contraindications to dental interventions. It is therefore essential that dentists be knowledgeable of the ramifications pregnancy has on medical findings and therapy. Also, clinicians must be able to conduct their treatment based on well-grounded data to avoid any harm to the pregnant woman and her unborn child. This article focuses on facts specifically relevant to clinicians. Based on most current scientific data, we aim to answer the following ten questions: 1. What are the physiological changes during pregnancy? 2. What is the adequate lying position for a pregnant patient? 3. Is there a pregnancy-related gingivitis? 4. What is the association between periodontitis, pregnancy and preterm birth? 5. Are there oral manifestations of pregnancy-related therapies? 6. Are caries and erosions inevitable during pregnancy? 7. Should the intake of fluoride be advocated? 8. Is it permissible to x-ray pregnant patients? 9. Is orthodontics contraindicated during pregnancy and 10. Which medication should be administered with caution? PMID:23023311

  2. Cultural differences in answering physics questions: Could they arise from the difference between reasoning expected in answering exam questions in those cultures?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristian Raduta; Gordon Aubrecht

    2005-01-01

    In many ways, the American learning system is unique in its reliance on testing using multiple-choice questions. Learning in physics, as well as in any other subject, is a context-dependent process. In this paper, I consider a broader problem of where differences in understanding arise; often styles of answering questions arise from the way the questions are posed. I speculate

  3. Mass Media Coverage of the Social Sciences: Some New Answers to Old Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunwoody, Sharon

    Data collected in three recent reseach reports were examined to answer two basic questions about social science coverage in the news media. The first question, whether the media prefer social science stories to other kinds of science questions, was answered affirmatively by three kinds of evidence. First, combined analysis of 1977 and 1979…

  4. The use of why-questions to enhance college science students' comprehension of their textbooks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Betty Lou

    2002-01-01

    Why-questions adjunct to reading material consistently help students remember unfamiliar information (recall) according to research investigating elaborative interrogation. Why-questions ask students to explain why statements pulled-out from a text are true. But no one apparently has assessed why-questions' effectiveness when measuring comprehension of paraphrased meaningful information and when students are learning in a naturalistic classroom context. This study investigated the use of why-questions in enhancing science reading comprehension. Undergraduates (123 males and 171 females) using a chapter from their introductory biology textbooks were randomly assigned to a treatment group with 21 adjunct why-questions or to a control group with no adjunct why-questions. The treatment group was instructed to read the textbook material and to answer the why-questions. The control group was instructed to read the same textbook material twice, a standard methodological procedure used in such research. Posttest data was collected using a posttest only equivalent group design. A test for students' prior knowledge and a test for students' verbal ability were administered to the students prior to the study. Findings revealed that students in the treatment group using adjunct why-question outperformed (p < .05) students in the control group without why-questions on a comprehension posttest. Of interest is that students with low-verbal ability who answered adjunct why-questions significantly outperformed students with low-verbal ability in the control group. Why-questions seem to be a potentially powerful learning device to improve student comprehension of college biology textbooks.

  5. Reducing Our Ignorance: Finding Answers to Certain Epistemic Questions for Software Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holloway, C. Michael; Johnson, Christopher W.

    2011-01-01

    In previous papers, we asserted that software system safety is primarily concerned with epistemic questions, that is, questions concerning knowledge and the degree of confidence that can be placed in that knowledge. We also enumerated a set of 21 foundational epistemic questions, discussed some of the difficulties that exist in answering these questions adequately today, and speculated briefly on possible research that may provide improved confidence in the sufficiency of answers in the future. This paper focuses on three of the foundational questions. For each of these questions, current answers are discussed and potential research is proposed to help increase the justifiable level of confidence.

  6. Statements Not Questions: A Reading Comprehension Instruction Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cockrum, Ward A.; Timmerman, Jamie; Kurth, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    Reading comprehension instruction that helps guide the students' interactions with text needs to include discussions about the material that was read and the meaning the students have formed from reading it. Statements Not Questions is a reading comprehension instruction strategy that can promote students' ability to understand stories they are…

  7. Sample Questions There are some facts from Elementary Particles that you need to answer simple

    E-print Network

    Adler, Joan

    Sample Questions There are some facts from Elementary Particles that you need to answer simple questions and questions that are really from the earlier part of the course with a slight twist. Questions is the weakest force at shortrange? A. Gravitational Questions about the Baryon table. 1. Q. How many quarks make

  8. Use of social network sites for question and answer behavior

    E-print Network

    Panovich, Katrina (Katrina Marie)

    2011-01-01

    In this thesis, we look at the behavior of posting questions as status updates on popular social network sites like Twitter and Facebook. This question asking behavior is similar to the use of search engines, question and ...

  9. What did Spot Hide? A Question-Answering Game for Preschool Children

    E-print Network

    Canny, John

    in their parents' utterances, their parents' high propensity to ask yes/no questions, especially auxiliary sufficient information at hand to answer a child's question. This explains the need for expert interactive

  10. Mining Semi-Structured Online Knowledge Bases to Answer Natural Language Questions on Community QA

    E-print Network

    Zhai, ChengXiang

    to know the right types of foods and drinks and self care i can do. Thanks in advance. Answer value from eMedicine be poten- tially automatically answered by mining an answer para- graph from eMedicineHealth: Question medicine for you, you can still take many steps at home to lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk

  11. Diagnosing meaning errors in short answers to reading comprehension questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stacey Bailey

    2008-01-01

    A common focus of systems in Intelli- gent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL) is to provide immediate feedback to language learners working on exercises. Most of this research has focused on providing feed- back on the form of the learner input. Foreign language practice and second language acqui- sition research, on the other hand, emphasizes the importance of exercises that require

  12. Creating the DISEQuA Corpus: a Test Set for Multilingual Question Answering

    E-print Network

    de Rijke, Maarten

    Creating the DISEQuA Corpus: a Test Set for Multilingual Question Answering Bernardo Magnini Amsterdam, The Netherlands. mdr@science.uva.nl Abstract. This paper describes the procedure adopted by the three coordinators of the CLEF 2003 question answering track (ITC-irst, UNED and ILLC) to create

  13. Study on question-answering system based on Meta search engine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Feijuan Lil; Haiyan Kang; Yangsen Zhang; Wenjie SUI

    2010-01-01

    Meta search engine which can provide rich information is obviously an ideal source of answers to many types of questions. This paper describes a question answering system based on web, and puts forward to a new method to search information based on Meta search engine and new word discovery. In the information retrieval module, N-gram model and web pages which

  14. The Answering Process for Multiple-Choice Questions in Collaborative Learning: A Mathematical Learning Model Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Nishi, Shinnosuke; Muramatsu, Yuta; Yasutake, Koichi; Yamakawa, Osamu; Tagawa, Takahiro

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a mathematical model for collaborative learning and the answering process for multiple-choice questions. The collaborative learning model is inspired by the Ising spin model and the model for answering multiple-choice questions is based on their difficulty level. An intensive simulation study predicts the possibility of…

  15. Public Records Brief: Questions and Answers on Access to Public Records in Maryland

    E-print Network

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    Public Records Brief: Questions and Answers on Access to Public Records in Maryland As an entity provide public access to its records unless certain exceptions apply. The following is a brief summary and control of the record Question #3. Who can get access to public records? Answer: Anybody -at minimal cost

  16. Acquisition of Intraverbal Behavior: Teaching Children with Autism to Mand for Answers to Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Hollobaugh, Tatia

    2010-01-01

    Four boys with autism were taught via echoic prompting and constant prompt delay to mand for answers to questions by saying "I don't know please tell me" (IDKPTM). This intervention resulted in acquisition of the IDKPTM response for all 4 participants and in acquisition of correct answers to most of the previously unknown questions for 2…

  17. Web Question Answering by Exploiting Wide-Coverage Lexical Resources

    E-print Network

    Narasayya, Vivek

    are parsed, e.g.: "By 1832 Samuel FB Morse had invented the telegraph." Because the system knows where- ceding "had", thus: "Samuel FB Morse" For the given example, the system was able to find the correct, exact answer and the open proposition from above can now be completed: invent_272(Cognizer = "Samuel FB

  18. Overview of the NTCIR-5 Cross-Lingual Question Answering Task (CLQA1)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yutaka Sasaki; Hsin-Hsi Chen; Kuang-hua Chen; Chuan-Jie Lin

    2005-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the NTCIR-5 Cross-Lingual Question Answering Task (CLQA1), an evaluation campaign for Cross-Lingual Question An- swering technology. This evaluation was carried out in June 2005. In CLQA1, we aimed to promote re- search on cross-lingual Question Answering technol- ogy mainly for East Asian languages. As the first attempt, we conducted evaluations of five subtasks: JE,

  19. The Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial: Questions and Answers

    Cancer.gov

    The Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial is a large, randomized study to determine whether the use of certain screening tests will reduce the risk of dying of those four cancers. In addition to answering questions about the screening tests, the PLCO asked questions about many aspects of the study participants’ health and collected biospecimens (blood and some tissues) to answer many other questions about cancer.

  20. Getting Answers to Natural Language Questions on the Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radev, Dragomir R.; Libner, Kelsey; Fan, Weiguo

    2002-01-01

    Describes a study that investigated the use of natural language questions on Web search engines. Highlights include query languages; differences in search engine syntax; and results of logistic regression and analysis of variance that showed aspects of questions that predicted significantly different performances, including the number of words,…

  1. Pulp Healing and Regeneration: More Questions than Answers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Goldberg

    2011-01-01

    Differences between pulp repair and regeneration guide different strategic options. After mild carious dentin lesions, odontoblasts and Hoehl’s cells are implicated in the formation of reactionary dentin. Reparative dentin formation and\\/or pulp regeneration after partial degradation is under the control of pulp progenitors. A series of questions arise from recent researches on tissue engineering. In this series of questions, we

  2. The Americans with Disabilities Act: Some Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allred, Stephen

    1991-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) will be phased in over a two-year period beginning July 26, 1992. Title I of ADA prohibits discrimination in employment. Some questions relevant to education and employment are addressed. (14 references) (MLF)

  3. Questions and Answers about Writing and Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miels, Jill

    1998-01-01

    Discusses 10 often-asked questions regarding writing and young children, synthesizing current research on developmental writing stages, information from experienced classroom teachers, and observations from a variety of early childhood settings. (SR)

  4. Cosmonaut Solovyev answers questions at STS-71 news conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Cosmonaut Anatoliy Y. Solovyev, mission commander for Mir 19, responds to a question from a news media representative. Crew members for two of the joint Space Shuttle/Mir missions met the press at JSC.

  5. Effects of Three Questioning Strategies on EFL Reading Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Koumy, Abdel Salam A.

    This study investigated the effects of three classroom questioning strategies on the reading comprehension of learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL). Subjects were 86 first-year EFL students in the school of education of Suez Canal University (Egypt), randomly assigned to three treatment groups. The same instructor taught the three groups…

  6. Student Evaluations That Generate More Questions Than Answers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Maria Oliver-Hoyo

    2008-09-01

    As a chemical educator, one of the author's primary goals is to provide students with tools for effective learning, hopefully doing so in an engaging, motivating, and incrementally challenging experience. In her quest to figure out how to do a better job, student evaluations seemed a logical place to start looking for answers. Even though others have contested the meaningfulness of student evaluations as tools for teaching improvements (Kelter 2004), her experience, which is described in this article, provides valuable insights into how these evaluations could help improve her teaching.

  7. Answers to Questions on the Sample POCAT 1. The correct answer is (b). The ACM Code is not a legally binding code. It is possible that at some

    E-print Network

    Xuan, Dong

    Answers to Questions on the Sample POCAT 1. The correct answer is (b). The ACM Code might become legally binding. But that is not the case currently. 2. The correct answer is (a-terminals in the parse tree corresponding to a given program. 3. The correct answer is (c). Acceptance testing

  8. Domain names (panel session, abstract only): more questions than answers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Larry L. Peterson

    1985-01-01

    The DARPA domain name project raises several interesting questions about the underlying assumptions and issues involved in providing a hierarchical naming scheme in an environment the size of the Internet. For example, the project was motivated by the growth of the Internet. However, because the proliferation of hosts took place within the sites belonging to the Internet (due in part

  9. Complex Question Answering: Unsupervised Learning Approaches and Experiments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yllias Chali; Shafiq R. Joty; Sadid A. Hasan

    2009-01-01

    Complex questions that require inferencing and synthesizing information from multiple documents can be seen as a kind of topic-oriented, informative multi-document summa- rization where the goal is to produce a single text as a compressed version of a set of documents with a minimum loss of relevant information. In this paper, we experiment with one empirical method and two unsupervised

  10. STS-71 astronauts and cosmonauts answer questions from the press

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Crew members for the joint Space Shuttle / Mir mission field questions from the press at JSC. Left to right are cosmonauts Nikolai M. Budarin, Anatoliy Y. Solovyov, Gennadiy M. Strekalov, Vladimir N. Dezhurov, and astronauts Bonnie J. Dunbar, Norman E. Th

  11. 75 FR 29350 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding the Reportable Food Registry as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2009-D-0260...Questions and Answers Regarding the Reportable Food Registry as Established by the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of...

  12. Questions and Answers about the BP Oil Spill in the Gulf Coast

    MedlinePLUS

    ... do for more information? Dispersant Use in BP Oil Spill Questions and Answers on dispersants Statement on dispersant ... Dispersant Application More on dispersant use in BP oil spill EPA's Response What sampling did EPA do along ...

  13. Retirement and Health Care Coverage: Questions and Answers for Dislocated Workers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Assets In Summary For More Information Retirement and Health Care Coverage... Questions and Answers for Dislocated Workers ... care coverage and your retirement benefits. Protecting Your Health and Retirement Benefits The Employee Benefits Security Administration ( ...

  14. Questions and Answers about the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes (DPPOS) Study

    MedlinePLUS

    ... For Reporters Media Contacts Questions & Answers about the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes (DPPOS) Study Page Content October 2009 What is the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP)? The DPP was a randomized, ...

  15. Out of State Employee Report Complete this document if you answer no to both questions below.

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Out of State Employee Report Complete this document if you answer no to both questions below: ____________________________________________________________ State the employee is resident of: ___________________________________________ Address of employee's out: _________________________________________________________ Department contact & phone number: ________________________________________ Is this employee working out

  16. Know Hepatitis B Questions and Answers for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Campaign About our Partner Spread the Word Know Hepatitis B Questions and Answers Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... Overview Transmission Symptoms Testing Treatment Overview What is Hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is a liver disease. It ...

  17. Question Answering in a Natural Language Understanding System Based on Object-Oriented Semantics

    E-print Network

    Ostapov, Yuriy

    2011-01-01

    Algorithms of question answering in a computer system oriented on input and logical processing of text information are presented. A knowledge domain under consideration is social behavior of a person. A database of the system includes an internal representation of natural language sentences and supplemental information. The answer {\\it Yes} or {\\it No} is formed for a general question. A special question containing an interrogative word or group of interrogative words permits to find a subject, object, place, time, cause, purpose and way of action or event. Answer generation is based on identification algorithms of persons, organizations, machines, things, places, and times. Proposed algorithms of question answering can be realized in information systems closely connected with text processing (criminology, operation of business, medicine, document systems).

  18. Effects of Wh-Question Graphic Organizers on Reading Comprehension Skills of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bethune, Keri S.; Wood,Charles L.

    2013-01-01

    Students with autism spectrum disorders often have difficulty with reading comprehension. This study used a delayed multiple baseline across participants design to evaluate the effects of graphic organizers on the accuracy of wh-questions answered following short passage reading. Participants were three elementary-age students with autism spectrum…

  19. 26 CFR 301.6621-2T - Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial underpayments...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION...6621-2T Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on...

  20. 26 CFR 301.6621-2T - Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial underpayments...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION...6621-2T Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on...

  1. 26 CFR 301.6621-2T - Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial underpayments...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...false Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION...6621-2T Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on...

  2. 26 CFR 1.79-4T - Questions and answers relating to the nondiscrimination requirements for group-term life...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false Questions and answers relating to the nondiscrimination requirements for group-term...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED...79-4T Questions and answers relating to the nondiscrimination requirements for...

  3. Overview of the NTCIR-6 Cross-Lingual Question Answering (CLQA) Task

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yutaka Sasaki; Chuan-Jie Lin

    This paper describes an overview of the NTCIR-6 Cross-Lingual Question Answering (CLQA) Task, an evaluation campaign for Cross-Lingual Question Answering technology. In NTCIR-5, the first CLQA task targeting Chinese, English, and Japanese languages was carried out. Following the success of NTCIR-5 CLQA, NTCIR-6 hosted the second campaign on the CLQA task. Since the handling of Named Entities is a major

  4. Obstacles to answering doctors' questions about patient care with evidence: qualitative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John W Ely; Jerome A Osheroff; Mark H Ebell; M Lee Chambliss; Daniel C Vinson; James J Stevermer; Eric A Pifer

    2002-01-01

    AbstractObjective: To describe the obstacles encountered when attempting to answer doctors' questions with evidence.Design: Qualitative study.Setting: General practices in Iowa.Participants: 9 academic generalist doctors, 14 family doctors, and 2 medical librarians.Main outcome measure: A taxonomy of obstacles encountered while searching for evidence based answers to doctors' questions.Results: 59 obstacles were encountered and organised according to the five steps in asking

  5. Differential effects of verbal aptitude and study questions on comprehension of science concepts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holliday, William G.; Whittaker, Harold G.; Loose, Kenneth D.

    Selective attention models predict that verbatim study questions can divert students from meaningfully encoding attributes of science concepts. The aptitude-treatment interaction (ATI) hypothesis predicts that such questions can be particularly dysfunctional to low-ability students. These predictions assume the measurement of true comprehension of concepts as a criterion. Eighth-grade students (n = 217) were randomly assigned to a text-only, text-question or a placebo treatment. The text verbally described five fossil types. The questions consisted of 28 fill-in-the-blank queries about the text. The posttest required students to visually identify and discriminate 40 fossil specimens as to fossil type. Comprehension of the concepts clearly took place-a fact substantiated by the very low scores obtained by the placebo group. As predicted (p < 0.05), low-verbal students performed better when provided with a text-only rather than a text-question treatment. In contrast, high-verbal students were less effected by the verbatim study questions. Main effects among these groups were also detected. Apparently such questions can overprompt students, resulting in their copying of words from a text to an answer-blank without semantically encoding (i.e., comprehending) the copied words.

  6. Pulp healing and regeneration: more questions than answers.

    PubMed

    Goldberg, M

    2011-07-01

    Differences between pulp repair and regeneration guide different strategic options. After mild carious dentin lesions, odontoblasts and Hoehl's cells are implicated in the formation of reactionary dentin. Reparative dentin formation and/or pulp regeneration after partial degradation is under the control of pulp progenitors. A series of questions arise from recent researches on tissue engineering. In this series of questions, we compare the therapeutic potential of pluripotent embryonic and adult stem cells, both being used in cell-based dental therapies. Crucial questions arise on the origin of stem cells and the localization of niches of progenitors in adult teeth. Circulating progenitor cells may also be candidate for promoting pulp regeneration. Then, we focus on strategies allowing efficient progenitors recruitment. Along this line, we compare the potential of embryonic stem cells versus adult stem cells. Re-programming adult pulp cells to become induced pluripotent stem cells constitute another option. Genes, transcription factors and growth factors may be used to stimulate the differentiation cascade. Extracellular matrix molecules or some bioactive specific domains after enzymatic cleavage may also contribute to the formation of an artificial pulp and ultimately to its mineralization. PMID:21677077

  7. 41 CFR 300-2.21 - How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...the rule expressed in the question and answer format? 300-2.21 Section 300-2...2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.21 How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format? The rule is expressed...

  8. 41 CFR 300-2.21 - How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...the rule expressed in the question and answer format? 300-2.21 Section 300-2...2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.21 How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format? The rule is expressed...

  9. 41 CFR 300-2.21 - How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...the rule expressed in the question and answer format? 300-2.21 Section 300-2...2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.21 How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format? The rule is expressed...

  10. 41 CFR 300-2.21 - How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...the rule expressed in the question and answer format? 300-2.21 Section 300-2...2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.21 How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format? The rule is expressed...

  11. 41 CFR 300-2.21 - How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...the rule expressed in the question and answer format? 300-2.21 Section 300-2...2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Question & Answer Format § 300-2.21 How is the rule expressed in the question and answer format? The rule is expressed...

  12. Answering Fundamental Questions about Cataclysmic Variables and Classical Novae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, T. E.

    2014-09-01

    Cataclysmic variables (CVs) are interacting binaries consisting of a white dwarf primary, and a non-degenerate secondary star. There are numerous subclasses of CVs (any of which could become a Classical Nova), but broadly, these classifications are believed to arise from either differing values of the mass accretion rate, or whether the white dwarf primary is magnetic. There continue to be numerous questions about the origin, and evolution of these systems. We will review some of the outstanding issues, and address how advances in interferometry might be used to resolve them.

  13. English as a Second Language: 25 Questions and Answers. Fastback 347.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walling, Donovan R.

    Frequently-asked questions about English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction are posed and answered. Questions address the following: the goals of ESL instruction; how ESL differs from bilingual education; how students needing ESL are identified; where interpreters are found; the "Lau Decision"; how to find out how much English the student…

  14. The Structure and Performance of an Open-Domain Question Answering System

    E-print Network

    Harabagiu, Sanda M.

    The Structure and Performance of an Open-Domain Question Answering System Dan Moldovan, Sanda Science and Engineering Southern Methodist University Dallas, Texas, 75275-0122 moldovan@seas.smu.edu Abstract This paper presents the architec- ture, operation and results obtained with the Lasso Question

  15. Questions and Answers Regarding the Ad Hoc Committee's Position [on Copyright Law Revision].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1973

    The Ad Hoc Committee on Copyright Law Revision describes its position in a question and answer format. General questions about the committee and its objectives are followed by a description of the differing needs of copyright holders and educators. Since the committee's primary concern is that educators have adequate access to and use of…

  16. Bone Health Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check (T) in front of the answer.

    E-print Network

    (T) in front of the answer. # I learned new information at this program. YES ____ NO # Which answer each question, think about how you do things now after attending the nutrition program and how you answers. Everything you report will remain confidential. Please circle the number that best answers each

  17. First Steps Toward Linking Dialogues: Mediating Between Free-text Questions and Pre-recorded Video Answers

    E-print Network

    Oard, Doug

    Answers Sudeep Gandhe Andrew Gordon Anton Leuski David R. Traum USC Institute for Creative Technologies segments can be very compelling for a variety of immersive training purposes, including providing answers to questions in after-action reviews. Answering questions fluently using pre-recorded video poses challenges

  18. General (i.e., Comprehensive) Examination for the Ed.D. in Educational Leadership: Tips for Writing Your Answer

    E-print Network

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Your Answer Because the Ed.L. program's current format for the General Examination is a "take home because the assigned question already provides the scope and sequence for your answer. · Answer subheading. · Be direct in your answer to each part, avoiding material that is tangential or even irrelevant

  19. Examining the impact of question surface features on students' answers to constructed-response questions on photosynthesis.

    PubMed

    Weston, Michele; Haudek, Kevin C; Prevost, Luanna; Urban-Lurain, Mark; Merrill, John

    2015-06-01

    One challenge in science education assessment is that students often focus on surface features of questions rather than the underlying scientific principles. We investigated how student written responses to constructed-response questions about photosynthesis vary based on two surface features of the question: the species of plant and the order of two question prompts. We asked four versions of the question with different combinations of the two plant species and order of prompts in an introductory cell biology course. We found that there was not a significant difference in the content of student responses to versions of the question stem with different species or order of prompts, using both computerized lexical analysis and expert scoring. We conducted 20 face-to-face interviews with students to further probe the effects of question wording on student responses. During the interviews, we found that students thought that the plant species was neither relevant nor confusing when answering the question. Students identified the prompts as both relevant and confusing. However, this confusion was not specific to a single version. PMID:25999312

  20. Examining the Impact of Question Surface Features on Students’ Answers to Constructed-Response Questions on Photosynthesis

    PubMed Central

    Weston, Michele; Haudek, Kevin C.; Prevost, Luanna; Urban-Lurain, Mark; Merrill, John

    2015-01-01

    One challenge in science education assessment is that students often focus on surface features of questions rather than the underlying scientific principles. We investigated how student written responses to constructed-response questions about photosynthesis vary based on two surface features of the question: the species of plant and the order of two question prompts. We asked four versions of the question with different combinations of the two plant species and order of prompts in an introductory cell biology course. We found that there was not a significant difference in the content of student responses to versions of the question stem with different species or order of prompts, using both computerized lexical analysis and expert scoring. We conducted 20 face-to-face interviews with students to further probe the effects of question wording on student responses. During the interviews, we found that students thought that the plant species was neither relevant nor confusing when answering the question. Students identified the prompts as both relevant and confusing. However, this confusion was not specific to a single version. PMID:25999312

  1. Dr. Peter Smith answers questions after his presentation on Sunday, Jan. 12. Smith was just one

    E-print Network

    Kaufman, Glennis A.

    Dr. Peter Smith answers questions after his presentation on Sunday, Jan. 12. Smith was just one Research, on Saturday. Dr. Peter Smith, Directory of the Bioinformatics Satellite Core at KUMC gave estimates strikes over 50% of individuals over the age of 85. On Sunday, Dr. Smith talked about using

  2. INFLUENZA VACCINE Please answer the questions on the right before you

    E-print Network

    INFLUENZA VACCINE CONSENT Please answer the questions on the right before you get your influenza have had an influenza vaccination. ThINgS yOU ShOULd kNOw · Influenza vaccine can never give you read and understood this information and the Consumer Medicine Information for influenza vaccine. I

  3. Questions & Answers What can I do with a Women's and Gender Study degree?

    E-print Network

    for Magazines Author Legislative Assistant Public Servant Human Resources Management Women's Advocacy CounsellorQuestions & Answers What can I do with a Women's and Gender Study degree? How do I register in my should I visit an Academic Advisor? Who is the academic advisor in Women's and Gender Studies? To whom

  4. Hope for Tomorrow: A Booklet of Questions and Answers. The United Nations for Young People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations, New York, NY.

    Suitable for junior and senior high school students and presented in a synthesized, easy-to-read format, this booklet includes more than 80 questions and answers relating to the United Nations. With the U.N. proclamation of 1985 as International Youth Year serving as an underlying theme, the booklet begins by outlining U.N. activities during…

  5. Teacher's practices after Experimental Activities: questioning and feedback to students' answers

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Teacher's practices after Experimental Activities: questioning and feedback to students' answers the teacher / students relations are based on students' experimental activities more than on lectures (Buty et to be taught, we found out many teachers' reluctances to keep teaching this way. Our hypothesis

  6. ASQA: Academia Sinica Question Answering System for NTCIR-5 CLQA Cheng-Wei Lee12

    E-print Network

    Day, Min-Yuh

    ASQA: Academia Sinica Question Answering System for NTCIR-5 CLQA Cheng-Wei Lee12 , Cheng-Wei Shih1 , Shih-Hung Wu3 , Wen-Lian Hsu1§ 1 Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, R.O.C 2 Department of Computer Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Taiwan, R.O.C 3 Department of CSIE, Chaoyang

  7. Web based Question Answering with Aggregation Dell Zhang1,2

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Dell

    Web based Question Answering with Aggregation Strategy Dell Zhang1,2 1 Department of Computer Science, School of Computing, National University of Singapore, S15-05-24, 3 Science Drive 2, Singapore 117543 2 Computer Science Programme, Singapore-MIT Alliance E4-04-10, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore

  8. Exploiting Redundancy in Question Answering Charles L. A. Clarke Gordon V. Cormack Thomas R. Lynam

    E-print Network

    Clarke, Charlie

    Department of Computer Science, University of Waterloo, Canada mt@plg.uwaterloo.ca ABSTRACT Our goal is extended to answer multiple choice trivia questions of the form typically asked in trivia quizzes;ed domain Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal

  9. Knowledge-Based Question Answering Fabio Rinaldi, James Dowdall, Michael Hess,

    E-print Network

    Schwitter, Rolf

    Knowledge-Based Question Answering Fabio Rinaldi½, James Dowdall½, Michael Hess½, Diego Moll¨urich, Switzerland rinaldi,dowdall,hess,kalju @cl.unizh.ch ¾ Centre for Language Technology, Macquarie University with the size of the TREC collections (a few gigabytes). #12;2 Rinaldi, Dowdall, Hess, Moll´a, Schwitter

  10. Answering questions with an electroencephalogram-based brain-computer interface

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurie A. Miner; Dennis J. McFarland; Jonathan R. Wolpaw

    1998-01-01

    Objective: To demonstrate that humans can learn to control selected electroencephalographic components and use that control to answer simple questions.Methods: Four adults (one with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) learned to use electroencephalogram (EEG) mu rhythm (8 to 12Hz) or beta rhythm (18 to 25Hz) activity over sensorimotor cortex to control vertical cursor movement to targets at the top or bottom edge

  11. Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities Solicitation

    E-print Network

    Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities biofuels production facility? A.1 An existing biofuels facility is an existing facility that, as of the application due date of PON-13-601, produces (or did produce) biofuels in California. Q.2 Must an eligible

  12. INVARIANT PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS Abstract. In this paper, we attempt to answer the three questions about the

    E-print Network

    May, J. Peter

    INVARIANT PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS BOTAO WU Abstract. In this paper, we attempt to answer the three questions about the invariant probability distribution for stochastic matrices: (1) does every sto- chastic matrix have an invariant probability distribution?; (2) is the invariant probability distribution

  13. Quick, answer this question: What business are we in at Robert Morris University?

    E-print Network

    VanDieren, Monica

    of providing students with a diploma sells short what actually goes on here. Make no mistake: RMU always. But students don't come to college simply to earn a degree, nor are strong academic credentials any longerQuick, answer this question: What business are we in at Robert Morris University? I bet many of you

  14. Should I submit a landscape plant sample for Phytophthora ramorum testing? Answer the following questions....

    E-print Network

    Should I submit a landscape plant sample for Phytophthora ramorum testing? Answer the following questions.... (from USDA Phytophthora ramorum Educate to Detect Program (PRED); Adapted for Indiana by Gail/plant_pest_info/pram/downloads/pdf_files/usdaprlist.pdf purchased since 2002 - go to 2 c. None of the above - unlikely to be P. ramorum. Do not submit sample.1 2

  15. "The Panama Canal Episode: An Encounter with a Question and Answers." Occasional Paper 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seifman, Eli

    This is an account of the experience of a college instructor and a group of prospective social studies teachers as they answer a simple question concerned with direction of travel through the Panama Canal and explore the reactions of students. The situation originates in a class discussion focusing on ways of asking and responding to classroom…

  16. Parrot claylick distribution in South America: do patterns of ``where'' help answer the question ``why''?

    E-print Network

    MacDonald, Lee

    Parrot claylick distribution in South America: do patterns of ``where'' help answer the question known among some Neotropical parrots. The clay apparently adsorbs dietary toxins and/or provides and examined how parrot assemblages using claylicks changed with distance from the centre of claylick

  17. not an impossible, question to answer. Most magnetars reside in the disk of our

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    SGR AXP not an impossible, question to answer. Most magnetars reside in the disk of our Galaxy (Fig,10 . Given this motley crew of magnetar proper- ties, it is not surprising that Stefanescu et al.2 (page 503 to observe the source just 421 seconds after its first X-ray burst. The OPTIMA camera was following

  18. Who Wants to Know? Question-asking and Answering Practices among Facebook Users

    E-print Network

    Michigan, University of

    Who Wants to Know? Question-asking and Answering Practices among Facebook Users Rebecca Gray1@umd.edu ABSTRACT Research has identified a link between Facebook use and bridging social capital, which speaks through which Facebook may help individuals mobilize these embedded informational and support resources

  19. A Questioning-Answering Program for Simple Kernel Sentences (QUE2).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Bill

    QUE2 is a recently devised, natural language, questioning-answering program written in LISP1-5. It deals in simple, kernel sentences and employs the theory that the semantic content of a sentence is the set of relationships between conceptual objects (represented by the words in it), which the sentence and its structure imply. The data base of the…

  20. Medical Amnesty Question and Answer Prepared by Rebecca Allen, MSU Student Health Services

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    of obtaining medical assistance for a legitimate health care concern. How will medical amnesty affect me that if they seek medical assistance when there are health care concerns related to alcohol use, they will not faceMedical Amnesty Question and Answer Prepared by Rebecca Allen, MSU Student Health Services

  1. Effects of Applicant Race, Sex, Suitability, and Answers on Interviewer's Questioning Strategy and Ratings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Tracy; Hakel, Milton D.

    1985-01-01

    To determine if interviewers utilize confirmatory information seeking strategies, 170 subjects rated applicant suitability after reading resumes, posing questions, and receiving written answers. Seventy-three percent of the variance in applicant ratings was accounted for by the content of applicants' responses; no clear-cut confirmatory…

  2. Frequently Asked Questions about ADHD and the Answers from the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loechler, Kathy

    1999-01-01

    Identifies useful Internet sites about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the results of searching these sites to answer common questions concerning incidence of ADHD, basic information about Ritalin drug therapy, educational placement of students with ADHD, sources of information about special needs, and what parents can do at…

  3. Questions and Answers About Kidney CancerCENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION

    E-print Network

    Questions and Answers About Kidney CancerCENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION What is kidney in the kidney. About 70% of kidney cancers are renal cell carcinomas. Wilm's Tumor occurs mostly in children by quitting. Additionally, obesity has been consistently linked with renal cell cancer. You may reduce your

  4. Medical Questions? MEDLINEplus and the National Library of Medicine Has Answers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kay Hogan

    1999-01-01

    This article discusses MEDLINEplus, a new WorldWide Web consumer health resource from the National Library of Medicine that was recently unveiled in conjunction with their “Medical Questions? MEDLINE Has Answers” promotional pilot project. It is a well-organized, thorough resource for consumers with an uncluttered, easily understood format.

  5. Counter-intuitive answers to some questions concerning minimal-palindromic extensions of

    E-print Network

    Ba�iæ, Bojan

    Counter-intuitive answers to some questions concerning minimal-palindromic extensions of binary palindromic words, Discrete Appl. Math. 157 (2009), 953­959] the authors proposed to measure the degree of "palindromicity" of a binary word w by ratio |rws| |w| , where the word rws is minimal-palindromic--that is, does

  6. Questions and Answers on Copyright for the Campus Community. Updated (Includes Recent Court Decisions).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Publishers, New York, NY.

    Intended for those members of the higher education community who write and publish (and that includes both students who write research papers, faculty who produce scholarly articles, copy centers, and college stores), this easy-to-understand guide explains the requirements of United States copyright law. The guide, in question and answer format,…

  7. Notice to Post on Queen's Parking Website Questions & Answers about Queen's New Parking Rates

    E-print Network

    Ellis, Randy

    Notice to Post on Queen's Parking Website Questions & Answers about Queen's New Parking Rates Q. What are the new parking rates? A. Parking rate increases happen every year, but given the financial situation of our parking facilities, a larger than average increase will happen this year. The university

  8. Developing Independence in a Capstone Course: Helping Students Ask and Answer Their Own Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camenga, Kristin A.

    2013-01-01

    We discuss a mathematics capstone course designed to help students grow in mathematical independence. We describe how the course is structured to support this goal and the major assignments: a course wiki, a group expository project, and an individual problem to solve and extend. Students learn to ask and answer their own questions, helping them…

  9. Olympian Parents Answer the Question of How Parents Contribute towards Their Child's Academic Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, James Reed

    2011-01-01

    How do parents contribute toward their child's academic productivity? This article analyzes studies conducted over the last 30 years on this topic. During these three decades a number of theories and theoretical frameworks have been developed to answer this fundamental question. There have been nine national studies published and six reviews of…

  10. A 3D Audio-Visual Animated Agent for Expressive Conversational Question Answering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J.-C. Martin; C. Jacquemin; L. Pointal; B. Katz; C. d'Alessandro; A. Max; M. Courgeon

    This paper reports on the ACQA (Animated agent for Conversational Question Answering) project conducted at LIMSI. The aim is to design an expressive animated conversational agent (ACA) for conducting research along two main lines: 1\\/ perceptual experiments (eg perception of expressivity and 3D movements in both audio and visual channels): 2\\/ design of human-computer interfaces requiring head models at different

  11. Energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products: public meeting clarification, questions and answers

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1980-08-01

    Eighteen corporations and manufacturers provided answers to many questions posed at a public meeting on energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products. Questions on the regulations concerning the manufacturing standards, performance standards, and testing standards are included. Questions were posed about air conditioners, refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, stoves (ranges), ovens, clothes dryers, oil fired burners, water heaters, furnaces, etc. A presentation containing information pertaining to the values of average annual energy consumption per unit used by DOE in its analysis leading to proposed energy efficiency standards for nine types of consumer products is included. (MCW)

  12. Analysis Qualifying Exam Winter 2008 This exam has five (5) questions. Please answer each part as completely as possible.

    E-print Network

    Sze, Lawrence

    Analysis Qualifying Exam Winter 2008 This exam has five (5) questions. Please answer each part partial credit. Each question is worth five (5) points, for a grand total of 25 points possible. Good luck

  13. Analysis Qualifying Exam Spring 2008 This exam has five (5) questions. Please answer each part as completely as

    E-print Network

    Sze, Lawrence

    Analysis Qualifying Exam Spring 2008 This exam has five (5) questions. Please answer each part partial credit. Each question is worth five (5) points, for a grand total of 25 points possible. Good luck

  14. OBJECTS THAT WE GIVE OURSELVES My answer to the question: "Where do mathematical objects come from?" will

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OBJECTS THAT WE GIVE OURSELVES My answer to the question: "Where do mathematical objects come from of such a thesis, but firstly I should try to explain why it is to my mind an answer. Such an explanation is necessary because I can see perfectly well in what sense my answer is unexpected, as well as the reason why

  15. The Communication Skills Used by Deaf Children and Their Hearing Peers in a Question-and-Answer Game Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toe, Dianne M.; Paatsch, Louise E.

    2010-01-01

    Communication is frequently characterized by a sequence of questions and answers. Little is known about how well students who are deaf or hard of hearing (deaf/HH) understand their hearing classmates in the context of an inclusive setting. This study explored the communication skills used by deaf/HH children when asking and answering questions in…

  16. Answers to frequently asked questions about cleanup activities at Three Mile Island, Unit 2. Public information report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    The document presents answers to frequently asked questions about plans for cleanup and decontamination activities at Three Mile Island, Unit 2. Answers to the questions asked are based on information in the NRC 'Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement related to decontamination and disposal of radioactive wastes resulting from March 28, 1979, accident, Three Mile Island Nuclear Station, Unit 2,' NUREG-0683.

  17. Are internet searches a reliable source of information for answering residents' clinical questions in the emergency room

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diane G. Schwartz; June Abbas; Richard Krause; Ronald Moscati; Shravanti Halpern

    2010-01-01

    Emergency Department (ED) residents perceived Internet resources to be reliable and regularly searched the Internet to answer clinical questions in the ED. A single blinded prospective study was conducted to determine if Emergency Medicine residents (EMR) working in a teaching hospital could accurately answer clinical questions, such as those that routinely occur in an ED, using only Google. Thirty-three EMR

  18. Electric Power Lines : Questions and Answers on Research into Health Effects.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1994-05-01

    Most people know that electric power lines, like the wiring in our homes, can cause serious electric shocks if we`re not careful. Many people also want to know whether the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by power lines and other electrical devices cause health effects. The purpose of this booklet is to answer some common questions that the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) receives about the possible effects of power lines on health. First, some basic electrical terms are defined, and electric and magnetic fields are debed. Next, answers are given to several questions about recent scientific studies. Some important information about electrical safety follows. We then describe how BPA is addressing public concerns about potential health effects of power lines. The last section tells you how to obtain more detailed information about the health and safety issues summarized in this booklet.

  19. Electric Power Lines : Questions and Answers on Research into Health Effects.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-11-01

    Most people know that electric power lines, like the wiring in our homes, can cause serious electric shocks if we`re not careful. Many people also want to know whether the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by power lines and other electrical devices cause health effects. The purpose of this pamphlet is to answer some common questions that the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) receives about the possible effects of power lines on health. (BPA is the Pacific Northwest`s Federal electric power marketing agency.) First, some basic electrical terms are defined, and electric and magnetic fields are described. Next, answers are given to several questions about recent scientific studies. We then describe how BPA is addressing public concerns raised by these studies. Some important information about electrical safety follows. The last section tells you how to obtain more detailed information about the health and safety issues summarized in this pamphlet.

  20. Comparing the Use of an Online Expert Health Network against Common Information Sources to Answer Health Questions

    PubMed Central

    Lenderink, Annet F; van Dijk, Frank JH; Hulshof, Carel TJ

    2012-01-01

    Background Many workers have questions about occupational safety and health (OSH). It is unknown whether workers are able to find correct, evidence-based answers to OSH questions when they use common information sources, such as websites, or whether they would benefit from using an easily accessible, free-of-charge online network of OSH experts providing advice. Objective To assess the rate of correct, evidence-based answers to OSH questions in a group of workers who used an online network of OSH experts (intervention group) compared with a group of workers who used common information sources (control group). Methods In a quasi-experimental study, workers in the intervention and control groups were randomly offered 2 questions from a pool of 16 standardized OSH questions. Both questions were sent by mail to all participants, who had 3 weeks to answer them. The intervention group was instructed to use only the online network ArboAntwoord, a network of about 80 OSH experts, to solve the questions. The control group was instructed that they could use all information sources available to them. To assess answer correctness as the main study outcome, 16 standardized correct model answers were constructed with the help of reviewers who performed literature searches. Subsequently, the answers provided by all participants in the intervention (n = 94 answers) and control groups (n = 124 answers) were blinded and compared with the correct model answers on the degree of correctness. Results Of the 94 answers given by participants in the intervention group, 58 were correct (62%), compared with 24 of the 124 answers (19%) in the control group, who mainly used informational websites found via Google. The difference between the 2 groups was significant (rate difference = 43%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 30%–54%). Additional analysis showed that the rate of correct main conclusions of the answers was 85 of 94 answers (90%) in the intervention group and 75 of 124 answers (61%) in the control group (rate difference = 29%, 95% CI 19%–40%). Remarkably, we could not identify differences between workers who provided correct answers and workers who did not on how they experienced the credibility, completeness, and applicability of the information found (P > .05). Conclusions Workers are often unable to find correct answers to OSH questions when using common information sources, generally informational websites. Because workers frequently misjudge the quality of the information they find, other strategies are required to assist workers in finding correct answers. Expert advice provided through an online expert network can be effective for this purpose. As many people experience difficulties in finding correct answers to their health questions, expert networks may be an attractive new source of information for health fields in general. PMID:22356848

  1. A Tool for Extension and Restructuring Natural Language Question Answering Domains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boris Galitsky

    2002-01-01

    In this report, we present the system that allows various forms of knowledge exchange for users of the natural language question\\u000a answering system. The tool is also capable of performing the domain restructuring by domain experts to adjust it to a particular\\u000a audience of customers. The tool is implemented for financial and legal advisors, where the information is extremely dynamic

  2. Finding an answer based on the recognition of the question focus O. Ferret, B. Grau, M. Hurault-Plantet, G. Illouz, L. Monceaux, I. Robba, A. Vilnat

    E-print Network

    Illouz, Gabriel

    Finding an answer based on the recognition of the question focus O. Ferret, B. Grau, M. Hurault In this report we describe how the QALC system (the Question-Answering program of the LIR group at LIMSI answer in selected sentences. The purpose of the main Question-Answering track in TREC10 was to find text

  3. INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELEVANT TO NUCLEAR FACILITIES, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

    SciTech Connect

    Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

    2011-07-01

    Typical questions surrounding industrial control system (ICS) cyber security always lead back to: What could a cyber attack do to my system(s) and; how much should I worry about it? These two leading questions represent only a fraction of questions asked when discussing cyber security as it applies to any program, company, business, or organization. The intent of this paper is to open a dialog of important pertinent questions and answers that managers of nuclear facilities engaged in nuclear facility security and safeguards should examine, i.e., what questions should be asked; and how do the answers affect an organization's ability to effectively safeguard and secure nuclear material. When a cyber intrusion is reported, what does that mean? Can an intrusion be detected or go un-noticed? Are nuclear security or safeguards systems potentially vulnerable? What about the digital systems employed in process monitoring, and international safeguards? Organizations expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against physical threats. However, cyber threats particularly on ICSs may not be well known or understood, and often do not receive adequate attention. With the disclosure of the Stuxnet virus that has recently attacked nuclear infrastructure, many organizations have recognized the need for an urgent interest in cyber attacks and defenses against them. Several questions arise including discussions about the insider threat, adequate cyber protections, program readiness, encryption, and many more. These questions, among others, are discussed so as to raise the awareness and shed light on ways to protect nuclear facilities and materials against such attacks.

  4. Attempting to answer a meaningful question enhances subsequent learning even when feedback is delayed.

    PubMed

    Kornell, Nate

    2014-01-01

    Attempting to retrieve information from memory enhances subsequent learning even if the retrieval attempt is unsuccessful. Recent evidence suggests that this benefit materializes only if subsequent study occurs immediately after the retrieval attempt. Previous studies have prompted retrieval using a cue (e.g., whale-???) that has no intrinsic answer. Experiment 1 replicated prior word pair studies, but in Experiment 2, when participants learned meaningful trivia questions, testing enhanced learning even when subsequent study was delayed. Even in Experiment 3, when subsequent study was delayed by up to 24 hr, tests enhanced learning on a final test another 24 hr later. These findings may give comfort to educators who worry that asking a question or giving a test, on which students inevitably make mistakes, impairs learning if feedback is not immediate. They also suggest that there is a consensus in the literature thus far: Questions with rich semantic content enhance subsequent learning even when feedback is delayed, but less meaningful questions without an intrinsic answer enhance learning only when feedback is immediate. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23855547

  5. Human studies using isotope labeled fatty acids: answered and unanswered questions.

    PubMed

    Emken, Edward

    2013-01-01

    Human studies using deuterium-labeled fatty acids have answered many questions related to the metabolism and health effects of dietary fats. These studies also raised a number of unanswered questions and unresolved issues. For example, studies with cis and trans positional isomers dispelled concerns and allegations that the isomers in partially hydrogenated fats were poorly absorbed, accumulate in undesirable phospholipid acyl positions, mimic stearic acid and competed with oleic acid. Trans 18:1 isomers were metabolically intermediate between 16:0 and 18:0, so the unanswered question is why are the metabolic properties of trans fatty acids not consistent with their physiological effects? Results from ²H-18:0 studies address questions regarding stearic acid absorption and desaturation. Contrary to accepted dogma, stearic acid was well absorbed and less than 10% was desaturation to oleic acid. The still unanswered question is what is the metabolic basis for why 18:0 is less hypercholesterolemic than other saturated fatty acids? The question of whether humans convert 18:3n-3 to EPA and DHA was investigated by feeding male subjects a mixture of ²H-18:3n-3 and ²H-18:2n-6. The unequivocal answer was that 18:3n-3 is converted to EPA and DHA and the conversions for 18:3n-3 to 20:5n-3 and 18:2n-6 to 20:4n-6 were about equal. A major issue that remains unresolved is the wide variability between studies for the estimated conversion of 18:3n-3 to 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3. The commercial availability of liquid oils hardened by interesterified with 18:0 has raised the question of whether fatty acids in the sn-2 and sn-1,3 TAG positions are metabolically equivalent. To answer this question, subjects were fed triglycerides containing ²H-16:0 and ²H-18:2n-6 at specific sn-1(3) and sn-2 acyl positions. The result was that dietary fatty acids at the sn-1(3) and sn-2 triacylglycerol positions are essentially metabolically equivalent. PMID:23648399

  6. The Effect of Question Preview in Listening Comprehension Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Jane

    1997-01-01

    Presents the results of four versions of an English-as-a-Second-Language listening test: one with questions before, one with questions after, one with questions sandwiched between two hearings and one without questions. Subjects completed questionnaires and wrote a free recall. Results from the recall were inconclusive, but in the tests, the…

  7. Qualitative Researchers on Paradigm Proliferation in Educational Research: A Question-and-Answer Session as Multi-Voiced Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Handel K.

    2006-01-01

    This unconventional essay is the (slightly modified) transcript of the question-and-answer period of an AERA conference session on the topic of paradigm proliferation. Through responses to the discussants prepared questions and audience members' comments and questions, each panelist extends and defends the ideas put forward in her or his paper and…

  8. Evaluating the Use of In-situ and Remote Sensing Data to Answer Critical Hydrological Questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petty, T. R.

    2014-12-01

    Water demands of the 21st Century pose challenges for effective decision-making and viable management of hydrological resources. As competition for water becomes more complex, the use of technology to maximize finite water resources becomes increasingly critical. Therefore, accurate methods of gauging relevant data streams must be developed and improved at every level, from basic and applied research to water management to policy oversight. How can the relative value for answering critical hydrologic questions of prospective data streams be gauged? Advancements in technology are producing multiple new sources of hydrological data from in-situ platforms and the developing resource of remote sensing platforms. The in-situ and remote sensing data available from these new sources can be used complementarily to provide answers to critical water resource management questions. Analyses that identify which combination of data resources will offer the most effective methodology for quantifying hydrological variables will establish new best practices for water management. We are going to use new techniques of data assimilation to establish a process for identifying and evaluating the method that provides the most quantitative means for answering key hydrological questions. This research will outline a method for evaluating specific in-situ and remote sensing data sets for complementary use in managing flood hazards, assessing water flows, and improving irrigation practices, to name a few. This will result in improved understanding of multisensory data and its analysis which, in turn, will lead to better informed decision-making, improved policy development and future governance regarding hydrological systems in any given watershed scenario. *** Image: Preliminary Research Road Map / Poster will highlight Quantitative Research (step 1)

  9. [Veno-venous extracorporeal oxygenation and veno-arterial extracorporeal oxygenation. Questions, answers].

    PubMed

    Isetta, C; Lebreton, G; Janot, N; Prommenschenkel, M; Rilos, Z; Roques, F; Longrois, D

    2014-04-01

    A round table, organized by the French Society of Perfusion (Sofraperf) at the French national congress on extracorporeal circulations (Perfusion 2013), was attended by perfusionists, anaesthesiologists, intensivists and surgeons around the theme of respiratory veno-venous support and veno-arterial circulatory support with extracorporeal oxygenation in intensive care units. The debate was conducted in a participatory manner by bi-directional questions-answers session between moderators and assistance. The authors report management of this type of therapy that is not perfectly homogeneous, supported on literature data. Cannulae, cannulation, circuit, oxygenator, anticoagulation, control, surveillance, weaning are subject to paragraphs with defined entry whose contents are mutually enriching. PMID:24630169

  10. 'Big data' reporting guidelines: how to answer big questions, yet avoid big problems.

    PubMed

    Perry, D C; Parsons, N; Costa, M L

    2014-12-01

    The extent and depth of routine health care data are growing at an ever-increasing rate, forming huge repositories of information. These repositories can answer a vast array of questions. However, an understanding of the purpose of the dataset used and the quality of the data collected are paramount to determine the reliability of the result obtained. This Editorial describes the importance of adherence to sound methodological principles in the reporting and publication of research using 'big' data, with a suggested reporting framework for future Bone & Joint Journal submissions. PMID:25452357

  11. The Answering System to Yes-No Truth-Functional Questions in Korean-English Bilingual Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Hansook

    2014-01-01

    This study presents an experiment that explores the patterns of answers to yes-no truth-functional questions in English and Korean. The answering patterns are examined from 12 Korean-English bilingual children and 10 Korean-monolingual children. Four types of sentences in relation to given situations (Wason in "Br J Psychol" 52:133-142,…

  12. Improving students' capacity to show their knowledge, understanding and skills in exams by using combined question and answer papers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria Crisp

    2008-01-01

    This research set out to compare the quality, length and nature of (1) exam responses in combined question and answer booklets, with (2) responses in separate answer booklets in order to inform choices about response format. Combined booklets are thought to support candidates by giving more information on what is expected of them. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the use of

  13. Bio Search Computing: Bioinformatics web service integration for data-driven answering of complex Life Science questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Masseroli; Giorgio Ghisalberti; Stefano Ceri

    2011-01-01

    An increasing number of bioinformatics web services are available that provide answer to specific data extraction and analysis needs. Yet, biomedical questions are often complex and regard many different aspects of an organism and its biomolecular entities. Their answer hence requires searching multiple heterogeneous data that frequently are inherently ordered, or are associated with ranked confidence values. Search Computing has

  14. Towards Answering Opinion Questions: {S}eparating Facts from Opinions and Identifying the Polarity of Opinion Sentences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hong Yu; Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou

    2003-01-01

    Opinion question answering is a challenging task for natural language processing. In this paper, we discuss a necessary component for an opinion ques- tion answering system: separating opinions from fact, at both the document and sentence level. We present a Bayesian classifier for discriminating be- tween documents with a preponderance of opinions such as editorials from regular news stories, and

  15. 1.Answer the following questions: (a)& you have learned in your physical metallurgy class, diffusion rate in solid may be

    E-print Network

    Huang, Haimei

    1.Answer the following questions: (a)& you have learned in your physical metallurgy class on the physical metallurgy principles, the student suggested two possibilities for the stress drop: 1) The stress

  16. 26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

  17. 26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

  18. 26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

  19. 26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

  20. 77 FR 51814 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Generic Drug User Fee Amendments of 2012: Questions and Answers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2012-D-0880...Draft Guidance for Industry on Generic Drug User Fee Amendments of 2012: Questions and Answers; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION:...

  1. Koerner_Answers 912.pdf Student questions: David Koerner colloquium on "NAU studies of Asteroids & Comets around

    E-print Network

    Shumway, John

    Koerner_Answers 912.pdf 1 Student questions: David Koerner colloquium on "NAU studies of Asteroids year mission. At what rate are asteroids in our solar system growing in mass due to debris accretion? I

  2. 29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

  3. Electric Power Lines : Questions and Answers on Research into Health Effects.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1995-06-01

    Most people know that electric power lines, like the wiring in our homes, can cause serious electric shocks if we`re not careful. Many people also want to know whether the EMF (electric and magnetic fields) produced by power lines and other electrical devices affect our health. Although no adverse health effects of electric power EMF have been confirmed, there is continued scientific uncertainty about this issue. Research on EMF is ongoing throughout the world. The purpose of this booklet is to answer some common questions that the BPA (Bonneville Power Administration) receives about the possible effects of power lines on health. First, some basic electrical terms are defined, and electric and magnetic fields are debed. Next, answers are given to several questions about recent scientific studies. Some important information about electrical safety follows. We then describe how BPA is addressing public concerns about potential health effects of power lines. The last section tells you how to obtain more detailed information about the health and safety issues summarized in this booklet.

  4. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS: EPA'S GUIDELINES FOR CARCINOGEN RISK ASSESSMENT AND SUPPLEMENTAL GUIDANCE FROM ASSESSING SUSCEPTIBILITY FROM EARLY-LIFE EXPOSURE TO CARCINOGENS

    EPA Science Inventory

    March 29, 2005 EPA's Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment And Supplemental Guidance from Assessing Susceptibility from Early-life Exposure to Carcinogens Questions and Answers The following questions ...

  5. Addressing challenges to MMPI-2-RF-based testimony: questions and answers.

    PubMed

    Ben-Porath, Yossef S

    2012-11-01

    Introduction of a new version of a psychological test brings with it challenges that can be accentuated by the adversarial nature of the legal process. In the case of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), these challenges can be addressed by becoming familiar with the rationale for and the methods used in revising the inventory, the information contained in the test manuals, and the growing peer-reviewed literature on the test. Potential challenges to MMPI-2-RF-based testimony are identified in this article and discussed in question and answer format. The questions guiding this discussion are based on the Daubert factors, established in 1993 by the US Supreme Court as criteria for gauging the scientific validity of proffered expert testimony. The answers to these questions apply more broadly to testimony in depositions, pre-trial hearings, and at trial. Consideration of the MMPI-2-RF in light of the Daubert factors indicates that the instrument has been subjected to extensive empirical testing and that a substantial peer-reviewed literature is available to guide and support its use. Information about the known and potential rate of error associated with MMPI-2-RF scores is available, and standard procedures for administration, scoring, and interpretation of the inventory are detailed in the test administration manual. Indicators of MMPI-2-RF acceptance can be cited, and criticisms of the MMPI-2-RF can be addressed with information available in the test documents and an extensive, modern, and actively growing peer-reviewed literature. PMID:23076394

  6. Proceedings of NTCIR-7 Workshop Meeting, December 1619, 2008, Tokyo, Japan Complex Question Answering with ASQA at NTCIR 7 ACLIA

    E-print Network

    Lee, Cheng-Wei

    Proceedings of NTCIR-7 Workshop Meeting, December 16­19, 2008, Tokyo, Japan Complex Question of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, R.O.C 2 Department of Computer Science, National Tsing,vincent,journey,dapi,annabel,hsu}@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract At NTCIR 7, we implemented the Academia Sinica Question Answering (ASQA) system for complex

  7. A Model Driven Question-Answering System for a CAI Environment. Final Report (July 1970 to May 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, John S.; And Others

    A question answering system which permits a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) student greater initiative in the variety of questions he can ask is described. A method is presented to represent the dynamic processes of a subject matter area by augmented finite state automata, which permits efficient inferencing about dynamic processes and…

  8. Your individual answers and results are private! If you need assistance in answering any of the questions, please consult a family member or trusted friend. Providence and the University of Oregon follow all Federal Health Insurance Portability and Accoun

    E-print Network

    Oregon, University of

    Your individual answers and results are private! If you need assistance in answering any Assessment Questionnaire" · Please answer all questions. Except those that may require lab or other medical click submit, you will not be able to come back later and change your answers. 11. If you enrolled

  9. Antibody-Mediated Rejection: Emergence of Animal Models to Answer Clinical ?Questions

    PubMed Central

    Baldwin, William M.; Valujskikh, Anna; Fairchild, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    Decades of experiments in small animals had tipped the balance of opinion away from antibodies as a cause of transplant rejection, but clinical experience, especially with sensitized patients, has convinced basic immunologists of the need to develop models to investigate mechanisms underlying antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). This resurgent interest has resulted in several new rodent models to investigate antibody-mediated mechanisms of heart and renal allograft injury, but satisfactory models of chronic AMR remain more elusive. Nevertheless, these new studies have begun to reveal many insights into the molecular and pathological sequelae of antibody binding to the allograft endothelium. In addition, complement-independent and –dependent effects of antibodies on endothelial cells have been identified in vitro. As small animals models become better defined, it is anticipated that they will be more widely used to answer further questions concerning mechanisms of antibody-mediated tissue injury as well as to design therapeutic interventions. PMID:20346069

  10. STS-80 CREW ANSWERS PRESS QUESTIONS AT PAD 39B DURING TERMINAL COUNTDOWN DEMONSTRATION TEST

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-80 crew members participating in the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT), a dress rehearsal for launch, talk to press representatives (off camera) and answer their questions at Launch Pad 39B. From left, are Mission Specialists Thomas D. Jones and Tamara E. Jernigan, Commander Kenneth D. Cockrell (with microphone), Pilot Kent V. Rominger and Mission Specialist Story Musgrave. The STS-80 mission, the seventh and final Shuttle flight of 1996, will feature two spacewalks and the deployment, operation and retrieval of two scientific satellites, the Orbiting Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer- Shuttle Pallet Satellite-2 (ORFEUS-SPAS-2) and the Wake Shield Facility-3 (WSF-3). The mission will be conducted aboard the Space Shuttle orbiter Columbia.

  11. Use of Feedback-Oriented Online Exercises to Help Physiology Students Construct Well-Organized Answers to Short-Answer Questions.

    PubMed

    Carnegie, Jacqueline

    2015-01-01

    Postsecondary education often requires students to use higher-order cognitive skills (HOCS) such as analysis, evaluation, and creation as they assess situations and apply what they have learned during lecture to the formulation of solutions. Summative assessment of these abilities is often accomplished using short-answer questions (SAQs). Quandary was used to create feedback-oriented interactive online exercises to help students strengthen certain HOCS as they actively constructed answers to questions concerning the regulation of 1) metabolic rate, 2) blood sugar, 3) erythropoiesis, and 4) stroke volume. Each exercise began with a SAQ presenting an endocrine dysfunction or a physiological challenge; students were prompted to answer between six and eight multiple-choice questions while building their answer to the SAQ. Student outcomes on the SAQ sections of summative exams were compared before and after the introduction of the online tool and also between subgroups of students within the posttool-introduction population who demonstrated different levels of participation in the online exercises. While overall SAQ outcomes were not different before and after the introduction of the online exercises, once the SAQ tool had become available, those students who chose to use it had improved SAQ outcomes compared with those who did not. PMID:26113627

  12. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in Alzheimer's disease: key questions and partial answers.

    PubMed

    Calon, F

    2011-08-01

    The current rise in the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is unfortunately not matched by new treatment options. In the last 10 years, epidemiological, preclinical and clinical data have enlightened the possible preventive action of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) in AD and other diseases. While the contribution of recent studies to our general knowledge is priceless, many important new questions have been raised. In the present review, we aim at addressing some of these timely interrogations. First, the transport of n-3 PUFA across the blood-brain barrier is underscored based on preclinical data. Second, the relative contribution of two neuroactive n-3 PUFA found in fish oil, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5 n-3), remains unclear and is reviewed. Third, clinical trials on neurodegenerative diseases consistently remind us that treating early is critical, and this is likely to be the case with n-3 PUFA in AD as well. Fourth, we draw attention to the possibility that the current knowledge translation approach to make health recommendations might have to be adapted to non-patentable endogenous compounds like n-3 PUFA. We propose that answers to these critical questions will be instrumental toward a rational use of n-3 PUFA in AD. PMID:21605051

  13. Why Don't You Ask Comprehension Questions? (When the Principal Asks).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harp, Bill

    1989-01-01

    Discusses literature and research concerning comprehension questions, particularly in the context of the Whole Language Movement. Notes that there are other ways for students to demonstrate their text comprehension, such as literature logs, small group discussion, and individual or group projects. Suggests several implications for the classroom.…

  14. Math 250, Section 7, Quiz 1 Instructions: Clearly answer each of the questions below. Remember to check the back side. Use full

    E-print Network

    Reluga, Tim

    Math 250, Section 7, Quiz 1 Name: ID Number: Instructions: Clearly answer each of the questions below. Remember to check the back side. Use full sentences and proper grammer for verbal answers. Show your work and any formulas you employ. Simplify all answers as far as possible. Box your answers. 1. (3

  15. Math 250, Section 7, Quiz 5 Instructions: Clearly answer each of the questions below. Remember to check the back side. Use full

    E-print Network

    Reluga, Tim

    Math 250, Section 7, Quiz 5 Name: ID Number: Instructions: Clearly answer each of the questions below. Remember to check the back side. Use full sentences and proper grammer for verbal answers. Show your work and any formulas you employ. Simplify all answers as far as possible. Box your answers. 1

  16. Math 250, Section 7, Quiz 4 Instructions: Clearly answer each of the questions below. Remember to check the back side. Use full

    E-print Network

    Reluga, Tim

    Math 250, Section 7, Quiz 4 Name: ID Number: Instructions: Clearly answer each of the questions below. Remember to check the back side. Use full sentences and proper grammer for verbal answers. Show your work and any formulas you employ. Simplify all answers as far as possible. Box your answers. 1. (7

  17. Prior Conduct Statement Form Please answer the following questions. Sign, date and return this form to the Office of Admissions. Please note

    E-print Network

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Prior Conduct Statement Form Please answer the following questions. Sign, date and return this form ________ No If your answer to any of the following is YES, you must complete the next page of the Prior Conduct to applicable law, then you are not required to answer YES to these questions. You must supply, however, a copy

  18. i>clicker SelfPaced Polling Student Guide To answer multiple choice (AE) questions using the i>clicker2 remote

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    1 i>clicker SelfPaced Polling Student Guide To answer multiple choice (AE) questions using the AE buttons to select your answer for question 1. 2. Press the blue "mode/refresh" button to ensure that you are in selfpaced polling mode. 5. Your answer choice and a checkmark will appear

  19. Health care reform, 2014: no matter what the question, mission is the answer.

    PubMed

    Khatri, Parinda

    2014-06-01

    In this column, the president of the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association (CFHA) addresses the lack of understanding and agreement to the question What is health care reform? It is a daunting task to understand, let alone redesign, the most expensive (but not most effective or most efficient) health care system in the world. In this critical window of opportunity, influencing positive movement through leadership, communication, and teamwork is a strategic priority of the CFHA and its journal, Family Systems & Health. The emphases on comprehensive, coordinated, and cost-effective care, although novel concepts for many, have been core features of CFHA's philosophy for almost two decades (see CFHA's mission statement). As we mark the halfway point in this pivotal year in health care reform, we continue to struggle. CFHA can help illuminate the path of what health care reform can be and what it can do for each citizen in our communities. PMID:24955698

  20. Cognitive Levels of Questions Used by Iranian EFL Teachers in Advanced Reading Comprehension Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khorsand, Narjess

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the cognitive levels of questions used by Iranian EFL teachers in advanced reading comprehension tests. Twenty teachers participated in this study and generated 215 questions which were then categorized according to Bloom's taxonomy. This taxonomy consists of six major categories which starts from the simplest behavior to the…

  1. Ten Common Questions (and Their Answers) About Off-label Drug Use

    PubMed Central

    Wittich, Christopher M.; Burkle, Christopher M.; Lanier, William L.

    2012-01-01

    The term off-label drug use (OLDU) is used extensively in the medical literature, continuing medical education exercises, and the media. Yet, we propose that many health care professionals have an underappreciation of its definition, prevalence, and implications. This article introduces and answers 10 questions regarding OLDU in an effort to clarify the practice's meaning, breadth of application, acceptance, and liabilities. Off-label drug use involves prescribing medications for indications, or using a dosage or dosage form, that have not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Since the Food and Drug Administration does not regulate the practice of medicine, OLDU has become common. It occurs in every specialty of medicine, but it may be more common in areas of medicine in which the patient population is less likely to be included in clinical trials (eg, pediatric, pregnant, or psychiatric patients). Pharmaceutical companies are not allowed to promote their medications for an off-label use, which has lead to several large settlements for illegal marketing. To limit liability, physicians should prescribe medications only for indications that they believe are in the best interest of the patient. In addition, health care professionals should educate themselves about OLDU to weigh the risks and benefits and provide the best possible care for their patients. PMID:22877654

  2. STS-103 Commander Brown answers question during interview at Pad 39B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. answers a question from the media about the mission. As a preparation for launch, the crew have been participating in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities at KSC. The TCDT provides the crew with emergency egress training, opportunities to inspect their mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay, and simulated countdown exercises. Other crew members are Pilot Scott J. Kelly, and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, who is with the European Space Agency (ESA), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland, who is also with ESA. STS-103 is a 'call-up' mission due to the need to replace and repair portions of the Hubble Space Telescope, including the gyroscopes that allow the telescope to point at stars, galaxies and planets. The STS-103 crew will be replacing a Fine Guidance Sensor, an older computer with a new enhanced model, an older data tape recorder with a solid-state digital recorder, a failed spare transmitter with a new one, and degraded insulation on the telescope with new thermal insulation. The crew will also install a Battery Voltage/Temperature Improvement Kit to protect the spacecraft batteries from overcharging and overheating when the telescope goes into a safe mode. Four EVA's are planned to make the necessary repairs and replacements on the telescope. The mission is targeted for launch Dec. 6 at 2:37 a.m. EST.

  3. 9/4/2014 www.vault.com/blog/interviewing/how-to-answer-difficult-situational-interview-questions/BlogsArticlePrintTemplate http://www.vault.com/blog/interviewing/how-to-answer-difficult-situational-interview-questions/BlogsArticlePrintTemplate 1/2

    E-print Network

    Rohs, Remo

    9/4/2014 www.vault.com/blog/interviewing/how-to-answer-difficult-situational-interview-questions/BlogsArticlePrintTemplate http://www.vault.com/blog/interviewing/how-to-answer-difficult-situational-interview-questions/BlogsArticlePrintTemplate 1/2 How to Answer Difficult Situational Interview Questions by Vault Careers | August 13, 2014

  4. An Introduction to Internet Resources for K-12 Educators. Part II: Question Answering, Listservs, Discussion Groups, Update 1996. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Nancy A.

    As K-12 schools connect to the Internet, a new means of communication opens up to educators and students. This updated digest describes some sample services and resources available to the K-12 community via electronic mail. Information sources covered include: question answering services, including AskERIC and the Online Writing Lab; listservs or…

  5. Question Answering in Terminology-rich Technical Domains Fabio Rinaldi, Michael Hess, James Dowdall Diego Moll, Rolf Schwitter

    E-print Network

    Schwitter, Rolf

    Chapter 15 Question Answering in Terminology-rich Technical Domains Fabio Rinaldi, Michael Hess Technology University of Zürich, Switzerland Macquarie University, Australia {rinaldi, hess, dowdall-volume/high-value type of text (Hess et al., 2002). In both respects this is the exact opposite of newswire or newspaper

  6. Answers to the Most Frequently Asked Questions about Reinspections under the AHERA Asbestos-In-Schools Rule.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Toxic Substances.

    This document was prepared in response to inquiries that have been received by the Environmental Protection Agency concerning the reinspection requirements and related provisions of the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA) regulations. The answers developed represent the Agency's responses to the 15 most frequently asked questions to…

  7. Template for NSF Data Management Plan In general, the data management plan should answer these two questions

    E-print Network

    He, Chuan

    for Political and Social Research, etc.). Also note if you submit your data in the form of tables, graphsTemplate for NSF Data Management Plan In general, the data management plan should answer these two questions: 1) What data is generated by your project? 2) What is your plan for managing the data? 1

  8. Nevada Education Law: Federal and State Law Governing Nevada K-12 Education in Question/Answer Format.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daugherty, Richard F.; Cockerill, Charles P.

    This book provides answers to the most common legal questions of Nevada's school board members, administrators, and educators. Chapter 1, "The Nevada School System: Governance, Programs, and Standards," explores the constitutional, legal, and statutory basis of school system governance. Chapter 2, "The Nevada Plan: Finance of Public Education,"…

  9. Where Have All the Teachers Gone? Finding Answers to the Most Basic Questions about California's Teacher Workforce. CenterView

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This policy brief presents a strong case for the creation of a statewide teacher data system in California by highlighting some of the simple teacher workforce questions that cannot be answered because such a system does not currently exist. At the state level, data on teacher qualifications are needed to fulfill the new reporting requirements of…

  10. Using Question Answer Relationships in Science Instruction to Increase the Reading Achievement of Struggling Readers and Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinniburgh, Leah H.; Baxter, Abigail

    2012-01-01

    The Question Answer Relationship (QAR) literacy strategy was integrated into science instruction in a fourth grade classroom. Ten students who struggled with reading, including some who were diagnosed with a reading disability, participated in this study. Significant gains were made in reading by the 10 student participants in comprehending…

  11. "Remember to Hand out Medals": Peer Rating and Expertise in a Question-and-Answer Study Group

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponti, Marisa

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on an exploratory study of giving medals as part of a peer rating system in a question-and-answer (Q&A) study group on Python, a programming language. There are no professional teachers tutoring learners. The study aimed to understand whether and how medals, awarded to responses in a peer-based learning environment, can…

  12. The communication skills used by deaf children and their hearing peers in a question-and-answer game context.

    PubMed

    Toe, Dianne M; Paatsch, Louise E

    2010-01-01

    Communication is frequently characterized by a sequence of questions and answers. Little is known about how well students who are deaf or hard of hearing (deaf/HH) understand their hearing classmates in the context of an inclusive setting. This study explored the communication skills used by deaf/HH children when asking and answering questions in a "trivia" game with their hearing peers. Thirty-four children with normal hearing and 34 children with a hearing loss ranging from mild to profound (>90 dB HL) participated in this study. Each of the 34 dyads included 1 child with normal hearing and 1 child with hearing loss, matched by gender and grade level at school. Dyads were videotaped and analyzed. Pairs were compared in terms of their capacity to repeat the question, strategies used to seek information, and accuracy of responses. Results showed that the group of hearing children was able to repeat more questions verbatim compared to the deaf/HH children. The deaf/HH group required a significantly greater number of repetitions, sought a greater number of general clarifications, and correctly answered more questions compared with the group of hearing children. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of peer communication and pragmatic skill development. PMID:20299450

  13. TH APPLICATION OF THEOREM PROVING TO QUESTION-ANSWERING SYSTEMS Cordell Green

    E-print Network

    principle , as its deductive mechanism. The resolu- t ion proof procedure is extended to a construct i ve proof procedure. An answer construction algorithm is given whereby the system is able not only to produce yes or no answers but also to find or construct an object satisfying a specified condition

  14. The Place of Health Information and Socio-Emotional Support in Social Questioning and Answering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worrall, Adam; Oh, Sanghee

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Little is known about the quality of health information in social contexts or how socio-emotional factors impact users' evaluations of quality. We explored how librarians, nurses and users assessed the quality of health answers posted on Yahoo! Answers, focusing on socio-emotional reactions displayed, advice given to users and…

  15. Effectiveness and efficiency of a literature search strategy to answer questions on the etiology of occupational diseases: a controlled trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederieke Schaafsma; Carel Hulshof; Angela de Boer; Frank van Dijk

    2007-01-01

    Objectives  To evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of a search strategy to find evidence-based answers to questions related to the\\u000a possible occupational etiology of diseases.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A controlled trial of 70 occupational health physicians and 55 insurance physicians who were asked to answer one out of four\\u000a ‘occupational disease case-vignettes’ following the steps of evidence-based medicine (EBM). The intervention group were given

  16. Blakey_Answers to student questions 314.pdf Student questions: Ronald Blakey colloquium on "Using Paleogeographic Maps to Portray

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    period witnessed the most profound geological evolution of modern-day North America? Probably the Archean, and it's the area I know best. Question 2: You mentioned in a slide of Old Jurassic, that rivers drained

  17. Edgar_Answers to student questions 414.pdf Student questions: Lauren Edgar colloquium on "Martian Sedimentology as Revealed by the

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    Sedimentology as Revealed by the Curiosity Rover" 3/26/14 Question 1: How are the studies that you've done of the same kinds of instruments to investigate the sedimentology and stratigraphy at each landing site

  18. Analysis of Student Responses to Peer-Instruction Conceptual Questions Answered Using an Electronic Response System: Trends by Gender and Ethnicity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steer, David; McConnell, David; Gray, Kyle; Kortz, Karen; Liang, Xin

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive study investigated students' answers to geoscience conceptual questions answered using electronic personal response systems. Answer patterns were examined to evaluate the peer-instruction pedagogical approach in a large general education classroom setting. (Contains 3 figures and 2 tables.)

  19. The 5 key questions coping with risks due to natural hazards, answered by a case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardegger, P.; Sausgruber, J. T.; Schiegg, H. O.

    2009-04-01

    Based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs, human endeavours concern primarily existential needs, consequently, to be safeguarded against both natural as well as man made threads. The subsequent needs are to realize chances in a variety of fields, as economics and many others. Independently, the 5 crucial questions are the same as for coping with risks due to natural hazards specifically. These 5 key questions are I) What is the impact in function of space and time ? II) What protection measures comply with the general opinion and how much do they mitigate the threat? III) How can the loss be adequately quantified and monetized ? IV) What budget for prevention and reserves for restoration and compensation are to be planned ? V) Which mix of measures and allocation of resources is sustainable, thus, optimal ? The 5 answers, exemplified by a case study, concerning the sustainable management of risk due to the debris flows by the Enterbach / Inzing / Tirol / Austria, are as follows : I) The impact, created by both the propagation of flooding and sedimentation, has been forecasted by modeling (numerical simulation) the 30, 50, 100, 150, 300 and 1000 year debris flow. The input was specified by detailed studies in meteorology, precipitation and runoff, in geology, hydrogeology, geomorphology and slope stability, in hydraulics, sediment transport and debris flow, in forestry, agriculture and development of communal settlement and infrastructure. All investigations were performed according to the method of ETAlp (Erosion and Transport in Alpine systems). ETAlp has been developed in order to achieve a sustainable development in alpine areas and has been evaluated by the research project "nab", within the context of the EU-Interreg IIIb projects. II) The risk mitigation measures of concern are in hydraulics at the one hand and in forestry at the other hand. Such risk management is evaluated according to sustainability, which means economic, ecologic and social, in short, "triple" compatibility. 100% protection against the 100 year event shows to be the optimal degree of protection. Consequently, impacts statistically less frequent than once in 100 year are accepted as the remaining risk. Such floods and debris flows respectively cause a fan of propagation which is substantially reduced due to the protection measures against the 100 year event. III) The "triple loss distribution" shows the monetized triple damage, dependent on its probability. The monetization is performed by the social process of participation of the impacted interests, if not, by official experts in representation. The triple loss distribution rises in time mainly due to the rise in density and value of precious goods. A comparison of the distributions of the triple loss and the triple risk, behaving in opposite direction, is shown and explained within the project. IV) The recommended yearly reserves to be stocked for restoration and compensation of losses, caused by debris flows, amount to € 70'000.- according to the approach of the "technical risk premium". The discrepancy in comparison with the much higher amounts according to the common approaches of natural hazards engineering are discussed. V) The sustainable mix of hydraulic and forestry measures with the highest return on investment at lowest risk is performed according to the portfolio theory (Markowitz), based on the triple value curves, generated by the method of TripelBudgetierung®. Accordingly, the optimum mix of measures to protect the community of Inzing against the natural hazard of debris flow, thus, the most efficient allocation of resources equals to 2/3 for hydraulic, 1/3 for forestry measures. In detail, the results of the research pilot project "Nachhaltiges Risikomanagement - Enterbach / Inzing / Tirol / Austria" may be consulted under www.ibu.hsr.ch/inzing.

  20. The Comprehension and Production of Wh-Questions in Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedmann, Naama; Szterman, Ronit

    2011-01-01

    Hearing loss during the critical period for language acquisition restricts spoken language input. This input limitation, in turn, may hamper syntactic development. This study examined the comprehension, production, and repetition of Wh-questions in deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH) children. The participants were 11 orally trained Hebrew-speaking…

  1. Students' Comprehension of Science Textbooks Using a Question-Based Reading Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Betty Lou; Holliday, William G.; Austin, Homer W.

    2010-01-01

    Despite the heavy reliance on textbooks in college courses, research indicates that college students enrolled in first-year science courses are not proficient at comprehending informational text. The present study investigated a reading comprehension questioning strategy with origins in clinical research based in elaboration interrogation theory,…

  2. How many faces does a cube have?the answer is 6. Okay, I'm going to restate the question: how many 2-dimensional faces does

    E-print Network

    McCann, Robert J.

    1 Cube face How many faces does a cube have?­­the answer is 6. Okay, I'm going to restate the question: how many 2-dimensional faces does a 3-dimensional cube have? The answer hasn't changed--it's still 6. But now we are aware of more gen- eral questions. There are different dimensions of cubes

  3. Towards a Virtual Teaching Assistant to Answer Questions Asked by Students in Introductory Computer Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiner, Cecily

    2009-01-01

    Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This dissertation analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the…

  4. Group Discovery with Multiple-Choice Exams and Consumer Surveys: The Group-Question-Answer Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian Beatty; William Gerace

    Multiple choice questions (MCQs) are a common data gathering tool. We extend the La- tent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) framework to a collection of MCQ surveys. Topic discovery is turned into group discovery based on survey response patterns. Question choices are equiv- alent to vocabulary words and are conditioned on the question and the latent group that is used to cluster

  5. INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELEVANT TO NUCLEAR FACILITIES, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

    2011-01-01

    Typical questions surrounding industrial control system (ICS) cyber security always lead back to: What could a cyber attack do to my system(s) and; how much should I worry about it? These two leading questions represent only a fraction of questions asked when discussing cyber security as it applies to any program, company, business, or organization. The intent of this paper

  6. Towards a virtual teaching assistant to answer questions asked by students in introductory computer science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heiner, Cecily

    Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This dissertation analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the natural language of the questions to a vector space, and then utilizing cosine similarity to identify similar previous questions. I report classification accuracies between 23% and 56%, obtaining substantial improvements by exploiting domain knowledge (compiler error messages) and educational context (assignment name). My results are especially timely and relevant for online courses where students are completing the same set of assignments asynchronously and access to staff is limited.

  7. Answer Keys

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-01-01

    Answer keys provide acceptable answers to the questions posed in a case. Since these questions are intended to be answered by students and are often graded, keys are password-protected and access limited to registered instructors affiliated with an educational institution.

  8. Using Question-Answer Relationships to Build: Reading Comprehension in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinniburgh, Leah H.; Shaw, Edward L.

    2009-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (2001) placed pressure on elementary teachers to raise standardized test scores in reading and mathematics. Unfortunately, the focus on reading and math has led to reduced time for science instruction. Mandatory standardized testing in science began in elementary schools across the United States in 2007. Instructing…

  9. Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Act: Questions & Answers. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Partnership for Women and Families, Washington, DC.

    The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) provided workers with the right to take time off from work to care for their families or themselves without fear of losing their jobs. Although this law is relatively straightforward, some employees and employers may be unsure about how it actually works. This guide is designed to answer many…

  10. Do Students Know if They Answered Particular Questions Correctly on a Psychology Exam?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenthal, Gary T.; Soper, Barlow; McKnight, Richard R.; Price, A. W.; Boudreaux, Monique; Rachal, K. Chris

    2010-01-01

    The current study explores students' abilities to make different metacognitive judgments about the same material. Sophomores in a psychology class indicated how confident they were that each answer on their final was correct (micro-level judgments) and pre- postdicted their overall score (macro-level judgments). Students made the series of simpler…

  11. Vermont Public Library Almanac: A Compendium of Often-Answered Questions. 2nd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotch, Marianne

    This document contains brief answers to some of the most frequently raised issues related to running a small Vermont public library. Areas covered include accessibility, the American Library Association, automation, awards, binding, services for the blind and physically handicapped, the Board of Libraries, the Board of Trustees, book dealers, book…

  12. A CrossLanguage Question/AnsweringSystem for German and English

    E-print Network

    Neumann, Günter

    plan to extend the system for English query and German document analysis (and to support mixed language- CLEF)" that offers tasks to test monolingual and cross-language QA­systems. In particular we developed express the found answers in the query language (German).1 In contrast to a standard cross-language IR

  13. Proceedings of NTCIR-6 Workshop Meeting, May 15-18, 2007, Tokyo, Japan Chinese-Chinese and English-Chinese Question Answering

    E-print Network

    Lee, Cheng-Wei

    -Chinese Question Answering with ASQA at NTCIR-6 CLQA Cheng-Wei Lee12 , Min-Yuh Day1 , Cheng-Lung Sung1 , Yi of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, R.O.C 2 Department of Computer Science, National Tsing,tmjiang,cwwu,dapi,yrchen,hsu}@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract For NTCIR-6 CLQA, we improved our question answering system ASQA (Academia Sinica Question

  14. Studies designed to disentangle genetic and environmental variables in schizophrenia: some epistemological questions and answers.

    PubMed

    Kety, S S

    1976-10-01

    The author addresses questions raised by Dr. Lorna S. Benjamin in the preceding paper. He quotes from the original studies to respond to questions regarding statistical logic, the relative prevalence of schizophrenia among half-siblings and parents of index adoptees, and the possible role of socioeconomic status as a confounding variable. PMID:970484

  15. Analysis of Interrater Reliability on the Evaluation of Answers to Open-Ended Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crews, William E., Jr.

    As part of a study of teacher evaluation of student replies to open-ended questions, a second question--the best method of determining interrater reliability--was examined. The standard method, the Pearson Product-Moment correlation, overestimated the degree of match between researchers' and teachers' scoring of tests. The simpler percent…

  16. Your answers to the following questions will help us to understand your medical history and the concerns you'd like to discuss with your doctor. Please fill out as much of this questionnaire as possible. If you cannot answer

    E-print Network

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Your answers to the following questions will help us to understand your medical history you for your help. PATIENT NAME meal: _________ Physical activity: _________ # times per week Comments/how can we help

  17. A Neural Network for Factoid Question Answering over Mohit Iyyer1

    E-print Network

    Daume III, Hal

    textual composition- ality. We apply our model, qanta, to a dataset of questions from a trivia competition and college students play a game where they map raw text to well-known entities. This is a trivia competition

  18. National Evaluation Standards for Australia and New Zealand: Many Questions but Few Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Doug

    2004-01-01

    Australia and New Zealand stand out as something of an anomaly in the international trend toward developing common standards for evaluation. The national professional association that covers evaluation in both countries, the Australasian Evaluation Society (AES), was one of the earliest and most proactive in developing a comprehensive code of…

  19. Questions and Answers About the Effects of Septic Systems on Water Quality in the La Pine Area, Oregon

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Williams, John S.; Morgan, David S.; Hinkle, Stephen R.

    2007-01-01

    Nitrate levels in the ground-water aquifer underlying the central Oregon city of La Pine and the surrounding area are increasing due to contamination from residential septic systems. This contamination has public health implications because ground water is the sole source of drinking water for area residents. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Deschutes County and the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, studied the movement and chemistry of nitrate in the aquifer and developed computer models that can be used to predict future nitrate levels and to evaluate alternatives for protecting water quality. This fact sheet summarizes the results of that study in the form of questions and answers.

  20. Answering patient questions about the role lifestyle factors play in cancer onset and recurrence: what do health care professionals say?

    PubMed

    Miles, Anne; Simon, Alice; Wardle, Jane

    2010-03-01

    This qualitative study examined how cancer specialists answer patient questions about what might have caused their cancer. Findings showed that while they were often candid about the role of smoking and drinking in cancer onset and that of diet in cancer recurrence, body weight and exercise were rarely mentioned. Any reluctance to discuss the role of lifestyle factors in cancer onset and recurrence arose from a desire to minimize patient distress, limitations in specialists' knowledge of the causes of cancer and perceived inadequacy of the available causal explanations when risk factors are multiple and probabilistic. PMID:20207672

  1. The Auditory Comprehension of Wh-Questions in Aphasia: Support for the Intervener Hypothesis

    PubMed Central

    Sheppard, Shannon M.; Walenski, Matthew; Love, Tracy; Shapiro, Lewis P.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This study examines 3 hypotheses about the processing of wh-questions in both neurologically healthy adults and adults with Broca’s aphasia. Method We used an eye tracking while listening method with 32 unimpaired participants (Experiment 1) and 8 participants with Broca’s aphasia (Experiment 2). Accuracy, response time, and online gaze data were collected. Results In Experiment 1, we established a baseline for how unimpaired processing and comprehension of 4 types of wh-question (subject- and object-extracted who- and which-questions) manifest. There was no unambiguous support found for any of the 3 hypotheses in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2 with the Broca’s participants, however, we found significantly lower accuracy, slower response times, and increased interference in our gaze data in the object-extracted which-questions relative to the other conditions. Conclusions Our results provide support for the intervener hypothesis, which states that sentence constructions that contain an intervener (a lexical noun phrase) between a displaced noun phrase and its gap site result in a significant processing disadvantage relative to other constructions. We argue that this hypothesis offers a compelling explanation for the comprehension deficits seen in some participants with Broca’s aphasia. PMID:25675427

  2. Beginning Teachers and Classroom Management: Questions from Practice, Answers from Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ralph, Edwin G.

    1993-01-01

    Examines critical questions concerning classroom management posed by beginning teachers, highlighting strategies for establishing and sustaining an effective classroom climate at the middle level. Teachers establish good management by proactive preplanning, deliberate introduction of rules and procedures, and immediate assertiveness. Order is…

  3. Nikzad_Answers 314.pdf Student questions: Shouleh Nikzad colloquium on "From Nebulae to Neurons

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    of light have to be compatible. Question 1: It was mentioned that some micro devices could be tailored smaller, that is why back illumination comes into play to restore the photon sensing portion of the pixel, we still need to have pixels that can detect photons and the length scale of pixels and wavelength

  4. Ontology-Based Question Answering in a Federation of University Sites: The MOSES Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paolo Atzeni; Roberto Basili; Dorte Haltrup Hansen; Paolo Missier; Patrizia Paggio; Maria Teresa Pazienza; Fabio Massimo Zanzotto

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with a new approach to ontology-based QA in which users ask questions in natural language to knowledge bases of facts extracted from a federation of Web sites and organised in topic map repositories. Our approach is being investigated in the context of EU project MOSES with the objective of developing an ontology-based methodology to search, create, maintain

  5. Can the First Pregnancy of a Young Adolescent Be Prevented? A Question Which Must Be Answered

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baizerman, Michael

    1977-01-01

    The literature on adolescent cognitive development and issues related to the prevention of teenage pregnancy are briefly discussed. The author outlines relevant questions which should be understood by professionals working in sex education and human services programs, and presents implications for research. (GDC)

  6. [The answers to the questions. The difficult academic and professional equilibrium in pre-European Spain].

    PubMed

    Medina Moya, José Luis

    2005-10-01

    After the sweep of the three preceding articles, the author responds to the questions posed in the first article, concluding that a turn towards a practical-reflexive position can, over the medium term, solve the tensions which the positivist conceptions have created between knowledge and professional action. A bibliography for all four articles is included. PMID:16304828

  7. Leaving Footprints in Houston: Answers to Questions on Women and the Gülen Movement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna J. Stephenson

    Feminists question the extent to which M. Fethullah Gülen, the Gülen movement, and individuals inspired by the movement promote women's status, self-determination, and equal professional opportunity with men in Turkish culture characterized by patriarchal gender norms. Two major critiques are that gender norms in the Gülen movement reflect limits on women's professional equality found in wider Turkish culture and that

  8. These Two Cases Raise Key Questions (But Offer Ambiguous Answers) about School Desegregation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sendor, Benjamin

    1987-01-01

    Procedural burden-of-proof issues led Federal Circuit Courts to affirm changes in pupil assignment systems in Norfolk, Virginia, but reject changes in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The Supreme Court's decision not to review the Virginia case leaves school boards and federal courts without guidance on questions raised by resegregation. (MLF)

  9. Answering the Questions of Rape Prevention Research: A Response to Tharp et al. (2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foubert, John D.

    2011-01-01

    Rape prevention programmers and researchers have long struggled to select the most appropriate theoretical models to frame their work. Questions abound regarding appropriate standards of evidence for success of program interventions. The present article provides an alternative point of view to the one put forward by seven staff members from the…

  10. "Don't Know" Responding to Answerable and Unanswerable Questions during Misleading and Hypnotic Interviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scoboria, Alan; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Kirsch, Irving

    2008-01-01

    "Don't know" (DK) responses to interview questions are conceptually heterogeneous, and may represent uncertainty or clear statements about the contents of memory. A study examined the subjective intent of DK responses in relation to the objective status of information queried, in the context of memory distorting procedures. Participants viewed a…

  11. Pasqualetti_Answers 111.pdf Student questions: Martin (Mike) Pasqualetti colloquium on "Renewable Energy and

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    "sustainable" technologies require huge amounts of rare earth elements which are in dwindling supply? I don't think the rare earth's are so rare. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rare_earths. Question 2 many miles from a power plant? Using roof tops is so logical, it is almost criminal

  12. Report Subjects Answer the questions below and turn in the report no later than

    E-print Network

    Hirotani, Kouichi

    velocity is slightly greater than the velocity of light, c. Question 2: Show that the group velocity passes to the right of the intersection of the P = 0 and R = bounding surfaces. For underdense plasmas. The wave characteristics change as determined by the wave normal surface. The topology of one of the two

  13. FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

    E-print Network

    Snider, Barry B.

    FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions a portion of your salary for non-reimbursed medical expenses or dependent care expenses on a pre-tax basis is placed into a medical care and/or dependent care reimbursement account and reimbursed to you as you incur

  14. Robust Question Answering over the Web of Linked Data Mohamed Yahya, Klaus Berberich,

    E-print Network

    have become important assets for search, recommendation, and analytics. Natural-language questions and Subject Descriptors H.3.3 [Information systems]: Information Search and Re- trieval; I.2.1 [Artificial- ambiguation; usability 1. INTRODUCTION Motivation: With the success of IBM's Watson system [23], natural

  15. The Answer Depends on the Question: A Reply to Eric Jensen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    The question that Eric Jensen addresses in his article is whether brain research can provide a basis for educational practice. He debates John Bruer, president of the James S. McDonnell Foundation, and argues that brain research can, in fact, provide a basis for what educators do. Most of Jensen's article is devoted to showing ways in which brain…

  16. Solutions to Infertility: Even the Simplest Medical Answer Raises Troubling Ethical Questions for Catholics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyle, Philip

    1989-01-01

    Considers the ethical issues surrounding the "simplest" case of in vitro fertilization from the author's interpretation of a Catholic perspective. Discusses serious moral objections to in vitro fertilization voiced by the Vatican, and presents theological reasons why Catholics should question in vitro fertilization. (Author/NB)

  17. Multi-scale ecosystem monitoring: an application of scaling data to answer multiple ecological questions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Background/Question/Methods Standardized monitoring data collection efforts using a probabilistic sample design, such as in the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) Strategy, provide a core suite of ecological indicators, maximize data collection efficiency,...

  18. 77 FR 10662 - Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding Establishment and Maintenance of Records...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-23

    ...AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration...FDA-2011-D-0598] Guidance for Industry: Questions and...Hold, or Import Food (Edition 5) AGENCY...foods intended for distribution to consumers, institutions...human and animal food industries with an...

  19. A Whole Language Program in the Intermediate Grades: Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mickelson, Norma; Davies, Anne

    Focusing on a whole language program for the middle grades in Canada's Northwest Territories, this interview transcript consists of responses by Anne Davies, a teacher from Yellow Knife, in the Northwest Territories, and currently a doctoral student, to questions posed by Norma Mickelson, a professor at the University of Victoria in British…

  20. Questions in the Answers to Primary School Educational Reconstruction in Sierra Leone

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinton, Samuel

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review current issues in pre- and primary school reform and to pose questions on the long-term implications of present day solutions. Such an exercise will open up discussion on the probable effects of educational policy decisions with a view to minimize negative effects brought on by new policies. Because data…

  1. Finding Evidence-Based Answers to Clinical Questions Quickly and Effectively See also the Biomedical Libraries' Evidence-Based Medicine Research Guide

    E-print Network

    for the treatment of Alzheimer's? Clinical Pharmacology Online Micromedex Epocrates Online evidenceFinding Evidence-Based Answers to Clinical Questions ­ Quickly and Effectively See also the Biomedical Libraries' Evidence-Based Medicine Research Guide Finding Evidence-Based Answers to Clinical

  2. Questions and answers about the effects of the depletion of the ozone layer on humans and the environment.

    PubMed

    Aucamp, Pieter J

    2007-03-01

    The ozone molecule contains three atoms of oxygen and is mainly formed by the action of the ultraviolet rays of the sun on the diatomic oxygen molecules in the upper part of the Earth's atmosphere (called the stratosphere). Atmospheric pollution near the Earth's surface can form localized areas of ozone. The stratospheric ozone layer protects life on Earth by absorbing most of the harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun. In the mid 1970s it was discovered that some manmade products destroy ozone molecules in the stratosphere. This destruction can result in damage to ecosystems and to materials such as plastics. It may cause an increase in human diseases such as skin cancers and cataracts. The discovery of the role of the synthetic ozone-depleting chemicals such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) stimulated increased research and monitoring in this field. Computer models predicted a disaster if no action was taken to protect the ozone layer. Based on this research and monitoring, the nations of the world took action in 1985 with the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer followed by the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1987. The Convention and Protocol were amended and adjusted several times as new knowledge was obtained. The Meetings of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol appointed three Assessment Panels to review the progress in scientific knowledge on their behalf. These panels are the Scientific Assessment Panel, the Technological and Economic Assessment Panel and the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. Each panel covers a designated area and there is a natural level of overlap. The main reports of the Panels are published every four years as required by the Meeting of the Parties. All the reports have an executive summary that is distributed more widely than the main report itself. It became customary to add a set of questions and answers--mainly for non-expert readers--to the executive summaries. This document contains the questions and answers prepared by experts who comprise the Environmental Assessment Panel. It is based mainly on the 2006 report of the Panel but also contains information from previous assessments. Readers who need detailed information on any question should consult the full reports for a more complete scientific discussion. This set of questions refers mainly to the environmental effects of ozone depletion and climate change. The report of the Scientific Assessment Panel contains questions and answers related to the other scientific issues addressed by that Panel. All these reports can be found on the UNEP website (http://ozone.unep.org). PMID:17344966

  3. Off-line sentence processing: what is involved in answering a comprehension probe?

    PubMed

    Newman, Sharlene D; Lee, Donghoon; Ratliff, Kristen L

    2009-08-01

    The aim of this study was to better characterize the influence of the comprehension probe on syntax-related activation patterns observed in fMRI studies of sentence comprehension. In this study, sentence comprehension was assessed by presenting a true/false statement after each sentence. To disassociate the sentence reading from the comprehension probe activation, a 6-s delay was placed between these processing phases. Two factors were manipulated, one affected the sentence and the other affected the probe. The sentences were manipulated by varying their syntactic complexity; conjoined-active and object-relative sentences were examined. The comprehension probes asked whether one of the first two mentioned nouns in the preceding sentence performed the action of one of the two verbs. The probes were manipulated by varying the distance (number of intervening words) between the noun and verb within the sentence; there were three probe types: short distance, long distance, and false statements. The results, which focused on the processing taking place during the probe, showed that the distance manipulation resulted in significant differences in both behavioral and brain activation measures. This was particularly true of BA 44, which revealed an interaction between complexity and distance such that the complexity effect was all but eliminated for the long-distance condition. Additionally, we replicated our previous finding of syntactic complexity effects during the probe phase. Finally, post hoc analysis revealed that participants used two distinct strategies during sentence reading; significant effects of strategy use on both behavioral and brain activation data were observed. PMID:19184993

  4. The need for a lunar base - Answering basic questions about planetary science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, G. J.

    1985-01-01

    After assessing the state of current understanding of the planetological characteristics of the moon, attention is given to numerous questions that have arisen about the history of the moon and to prospective methods for their investigation through lunar exploration. One such exploratory mission will be that of the unmanned Lunar Geoscience Observer; the greatest prospects for important discoveries, however, are foreseen in manned lunar exploration. More sophisticated instruments and preliminary analyses are noted to be possible in manned exploration, although the possibility of contamination of samples is greater.

  5. Do calendrical savants use calculation to answer date questions? A functional magnetic resonance imaging study

    PubMed Central

    Cowan, Richard; Frith, Chris

    2009-01-01

    Calendrical savants can name the weekdays for dates from different years with remarkable speed and accuracy. Whether calculation rather than just memory is involved is disputed. Grounds for doubting whether they can calculate are reviewed and criteria for attributing date calculation skills to them are discussed. At least some calendrical savants possess date calculation skills. A behavioural characteristic observed in many calendrical savants is increased response time for questions about more remote years. This may be because more remote years require more calculation or because closer years are more practised. An experiment is reported that used functional magnetic resonance imaging to attempt to discriminate between these explanations. Only two savants could be scanned and excessive head movement corrupted one savant's mental arithmetic data. Nevertheless, there was increased parietal activation during both mental arithmetic and date questions and this region showed increased activity with more remote dates. These results suggest that the calendrical skills observed in savants result from intensive practice with calculations used in solving mental arithmetic problems. The mystery is not how they solve these problems, but why. PMID:19528025

  6. 26 CFR 35.3405-1 - Questions and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relate to withholding on pensions, annuities, and other deferred...

  7. 26 CFR 35.3405-1 - Questions and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relate to withholding on pensions, annuities, and other deferred...

  8. 26 CFR 35.3405-1 - Questions and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relate to withholding on pensions, annuities, and other deferred...

  9. 26 CFR 35.3405-1 - Questions and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relating to withholding on pensions, annuities, and certain other deferred...and answers relate to withholding on pensions, annuities, and other deferred...

  10. Genetic effects of ionizing radiation--some questions with no answers.

    PubMed

    Mosse, Irma B

    2012-10-01

    There are a lot of questions about genetic effects of ionizing radiation, the main one is does ionizing radiation induce mutations in humans? There is no direct evidence that exposure of parents to radiation leads to excess heritable disease in offspring. What is the difference between human and other species in which radiation induced mutations are easily registered? During evolution germ cell selection ex vivo has been changed to a selection in vivo and we cannot observe such selection of radiation damaged cells in human. Low radiation doses - are they harmful or beneficial? The "hormesis" phenomenon as well as radioadaptive response proves positive effects of low radiation dose. Can analysis of chromosomal aberration rate in lymphocytes be used for dosimetry? Many uncontrolled factors may be responsible for significant mistakes of this method. Why did evolution preserve the bystander effect? This paper is discussion one and its goal is to pay attention on some effects of ionizing radiation. PMID:22683898

  11. Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults: questions and answers.

    PubMed

    Bernabei, Roberto; Bonuccelli, Ubaldo; Maggi, Stefania; Marengoni, Alessandra; Martini, Alessandro; Memo, Maurizio; Pecorelli, Sergio; Peracino, Andrea P; Quaranta, Nicola; Stella, Roberto; Lin, Frank R

    2014-12-01

    The association between hearing impairment, the diagnosis of dementia, and the role of sensory therapy has been proposed for some time, but further research is needed. Current understanding of this association requires the commitment of those experts who can integrate experience and research from several fields to be able to understand the link from hearing to dementia. A workshop whose panelists included experts from many areas, ranging from ear, nose and throat (ENT) to dementia's specialists, was promoted and organized by the Giovanni Lorenzini Medical Science Foundation (Milan, Italy; Houston, TX, USA) to increase the awareness of the relationship between hearing loss and dementia, and included questions and comments following a presentation from the clinical researcher, Frank Lin, who has been evaluating the relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline since 2009. PMID:25281432

  12. Providing Real-Time Captioning, C-Print Speech To Print Transcription, Assistive Listening Devices and Other Technologies: Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Cheryl; Francis, Pamela; Harlan, Denese

    This booklet provides questions and answers for postsecondary educational institutions concerning provision of access and accommodations to individuals who are deaf and hard of hearing. Questions are about assistive listening devices (ALDs), C-Print technology, real-time captioning, and policy issues. Preliminary information concerns the mission…

  13. "Laying Bare of Questions Which Have Been Hidden by Answers": The English Language Arts Standards of the Common Core, K-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gangi, Jane M.; Reilly, Mary Ann

    2013-01-01

    The authors question the answer the national Common Core State Standards (CCSS, 2010) claims. The questions center on the validity of the new standardized tests based on the CCSS and teachers' evaluations being tied to student test scores on flawed tests. The proposed tests on the CCSS will position children as deficient, and will not recognize…

  14. Reader-Text Interactions: How Differential Text and Question Types Influence Cognitive Skills Needed for Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eason, Sarah H.; Goldberg, Lindsay F.; Young, Katherine M.; Geist, Megan C.; Cutting, Laurie E.

    2012-01-01

    Current research has shown that comprehension can vary depending on text and question types and that readers' word recognition and background knowledge may account for these differences. Other reader characteristics such as semantic and syntactic awareness, inferencing, and planning or organizing all have also been linked to reading comprehension,…

  15. The Effect of Summarization on Intermediate EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension and Their Performance on Display, Referential and Inferential Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghabanchi, Zargham; Mirza, Fateme Haji

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the effect of summarization as a generative learning strategy of the readers' performance on reading comprehension, in general, and reading comprehension display, referential and inferential questions in particular. The subjects in this study were 61 high school students. They were assigned to two groups--control and…

  16. STS-103 M.S. Mike Foale answers question during interview at Pad 39B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Mission Specialist C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.) (at right) responds to a question from the media about the mission during an interview at Launch Pad 39B. Next to him is Mission Specialist John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.). As a preparation for launch, the crew have been participating in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities at KSC. The TCDT provides the crew with emergency egress training, opportunities to inspect their mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay, and simulated countdown exercises. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly, and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland. Clervoy and Nicollier are with the European Space Agency. STS-103 is a 'call-up' mission due to the need to replace and repair portions of the Hubble Space Telescope, including the gyroscopes that allow the telescope to point at stars, galaxies and planets. The STS-103 crew will be replacing a Fine Guidance Sensor, an older computer with a new enhanced model, an older data tape recorder with a solid-state digital recorder, a failed spare transmitter with a new one, and degraded insulation on the telescope with new thermal insulation. The crew will also install a Battery Voltage/Temperature Improvement Kit to protect the spacecraft batteries from overcharging and overheating when the telescope goes into a safe mode. Four EVA's are planned to make the necessary repairs and replacements on the telescope. The mission is targeted for launch Dec. 6 at 2:37 a.m. EST.

  17. STS-103 Pilot Kelly answers questions during interview at Pad 39B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    During an interview at Launch Pad 39B, STS-103 Pilot Scott J. Kelly responds to a question from the media about the mission. Standing with him are the remainder of the crew: (left to right) Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Kelly, and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, who is with the European Space Agency (ESA), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland, who is also with ESA. As a preparation for launch, they have been participating in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities at KSC. The TCDT provides the crew with emergency egress training, opportunities to inspect their mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay, and simulated countdown exercises. STS-103 is a 'call-up' mission due to the need to replace and repair portions of the Hubble Space Telescope, including the gyroscopes that allow the telescope to point at stars, galaxies and planets. The STS-103 crew will be replacing a Fine Guidance Sensor, an older computer with a new enhanced model, an older data tape recorder with a solid-state digital recorder, a failed spare transmitter with a new one, and degraded insulation on the telescope with new thermal insulation. The crew will also install a Battery Voltage/Temperature Improvement Kit to protect the spacecraft batteries from overcharging and overheating when the telescope goes into a safe mode. Four EVA's are planned to make the necessary repairs and replacements on the telescope. The mission is targeted for launch Dec. 6 at 2:37 a.m. EST.

  18. Improving Reading Rates and Comprehension through Timed Repeated Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Anna C-S.; Millett, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    Thirteen English as a foreign language students read 26 passages during a 13-week period. Each passage was read five times, and students answered comprehension questions after the first and the fifth reading. Another 13 students read the same number of passages but without repetition and only answered the comprehension questions once. All students…

  19. Prism : an answer projection system

    E-print Network

    Wu, Lynn, 1981-

    2003-01-01

    Prism is an answer projection system that combines the best attributes of traditional and Web-based question answering systems. Traditional question answering systems retrieve answers with pinpoint accuracy but limited ...

  20. The Question Answered

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudson, Ralph P.

    2006-04-01

    Fifty years ago, theoreticians T.D. Lee and C.N. Yang reached the conclusion that no experimental evidence existed to show that parity is conserved in weak interactions. The speaker will explain how it happened that that a team of physicists at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington, DC came to perform the revolutionary experiment that demonstrated the failure of parity conservation in nuclear beta-decay.

  1. Pneumococcus: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... damage is common among survivors. People with a cochlear implant appear to be at increased risk of pneumococcal ... fluid • Anyone who has or is getting a cochlear implant (a surgically implanted device that provides a sense ...

  2. Tetanus: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... needed? The usual schedule for infants is a series of four doses of DTaP given at 2, 4, 6, and 15–18 months of age. A fifth ... completed a series of shots, a 3-dose series of Td should be given with 1 to 2 months between dose #1 and #2, and 6 to 12 months between dose #2 and #3. ...

  3. Answering the Crucial Questions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan M. Fein

    Emphysema and other forms of COPD are not only common, but also have a poor prognosis. Mortality with severe COPD may be as high as 60% at 5 years and is associated with a significant degree of disability and cost to the health-care system. Building on Dr. Otto Brantigan's experience in the 1950s, when multiple-wedge resections of emphysematous lung were

  4. Salmonella Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... and Disease / Salmonella Q and A Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  5. Questions and Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pikulski, John J.

    1988-01-01

    Refutes the notion that remedial readers are unable to use context clues, arguing that poor readers simply have difficulty with automatic word identification. Suggests three approaches to heighten students' sensitivity to the use of context clues. (MM)

  6. Answering the big questions about differential response in Colorado: safety and cost outcomes from a randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Winokur, Marc; Ellis, Raquel; Drury, Ida; Rogers, John

    2015-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, jurisdictions across the United States have implemented differential response (DR), which provides child protective services with the flexibility to tailor their response to reports of child abuse or neglect based on the level of risk. Given the widespread adoption of DR, there has been an increasing demand from policymakers, practitioners, and community stakeholders to build the evidence base for this innovative child welfare approach. This study was designed to answer the big questions regarding the effect of differential response on child welfare outcomes and costs using a randomized controlled trial in five Colorado counties. Specifically, the study examined the safety outcomes and costs of families who were randomly assigned to either a family assessment response (FAR) or an investigation response (IR). According to the regression results, there were no differences between the tracks on measures of system re-involvement. However, survival analysis findings indicate that FAR families were 18% less likely, over time, to have a high risk assessment after their initial accepted referral than were IR families. The cost study revealed no differences between the tracks on initial costs for caseworker contacts, services, and out-of-home placements. However, the results suggest that follow-up costs for IR cases were significantly higher (p<0.001) than for FAR cases. The authors discuss policy and practice implications for jurisdictions considering DR. PMID:24997071

  7. CoPub update: CoPub 5.0 a text mining system to answer biological questions.

    PubMed

    Fleuren, Wilco W M; Verhoeven, Stefan; Frijters, Raoul; Heupers, Bart; Polman, Jan; van Schaik, René; de Vlieg, Jacob; Alkema, Wynand

    2011-07-01

    In this article, we present CoPub 5.0, a publicly available text mining system, which uses Medline abstracts to calculate robust statistics for keyword co-occurrences. CoPub was initially developed for the analysis of microarray data, but we broadened the scope by implementing new technology and new thesauri. In CoPub 5.0, we integrated existing CoPub technology with new features, and provided a new advanced interface, which can be used to answer a variety of biological questions. CoPub 5.0 allows searching for keywords of interest and its relations to curated thesauri and provides highlighting and sorting mechanisms, using its statistics, to retrieve the most important abstracts in which the terms co-occur. It also provides a way to search for indirect relations between genes, drugs, pathways and diseases, following an ABC principle, in which A and C have no direct connection but are connected via shared B intermediates. With CoPub 5.0, it is possible to create, annotate and analyze networks using the layout and highlight options of Cytoscape web, allowing for literature based systems biology. Finally, operations of the CoPub 5.0 Web service enable to implement the CoPub technology in bioinformatics workflows. CoPub 5.0 can be accessed through the CoPub portal http://www.copub.org. PMID:21622961

  8. Response to Literature: Student Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asher, Deborah L.

    Reading comprehension involves making connections between prior knowledge and the visual information on the page. To reduce uncertainty, the reader makes orthographic, syntactic, or semantic predictions. Thus, comprehension is relative, dependent on the answers to different readers' different kinds of questions. The reader does not record a…

  9. Questions and Answers on Obligations of Public Agencies in Serving Children with Disabilities Placed by Their Parents at Private Schools. Memorandum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warlick, Kenneth R.

    This memorandum from the federal Office of Special Education Programs to chief state school officers presents questions and answers related to the obligations of public agencies in serving children with disabilities who are placed by their parents in private schools under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997. The 45…

  10. I didn't know oxygen could boil! What preservice and inservice elementary teachers' answers to ‘simple’ science questions reveals about their subject matter knowledge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana C. Rice

    2005-01-01

    In this descriptive study, the science subject matter knowledge of preservice and inservice elementary teachers was examined and compared. Over an eight?year period, answers to 13 science questions, including 10 from the US National Science Foundation's Survey of Public Attitudes Toward and Understanding of Science and Technology, were collected from a total of 414 preservice and 67 inservice teachers during

  11. I Didn't Know Oxygen Could Boil! What Preservice and Inservice Elementary Teachers' Answers to "Simple" Science Questions Reveals about Their Subject Matter Knowledge. Research Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Diana C.

    2005-01-01

    In this descriptive study, the science subject matter knowledge of preservice and inservice elementary teachers was examined and compared. Over an eight-year period, answers to 13 science questions, including 10 from the US National Science Foundation's Survey of Public Attitudes Toward and Understanding of Science and Technology, were collected…

  12. Effective intraverbal training of children with autism to mand for questions to answers via the “I don’t know please tell me” response

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan D. Johnson

    2011-01-01

    This review provides a summary and appraisal commentary on the treatment review by Ingvarsson, E. T., & Hollobaugh, T. (2010). Acquisition of intraverbal behavior: Teaching children with autism to mand for answers to questions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 1–17.Source of funding and disclosure of interest: No source of funding reported, and the original authors of this research report

  13. Answers to Questions Frequently Asked About the Classified Student. A Professional Supplement Provided through the Central Burlington County Region for Special Education. Special Education Information Series. Booklet #5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nissman, Blossom S.

    This booklet provides answers to questions that may arise when learning or socially disabled children are placed in regular classrooms. The introduction gives the background of classifying students in the New Jersey school system and lists the twelve classification categories: (1) emotionally disturbed; (2) neurologically impaired; (3) trainable…

  14. 29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...because she is pregnant or has had an abortion. She usually cannot be forced to...health insurance for expenses arising from abortion is not required except where the life...medical complications have arisen from an abortion. Some questions and answers...

  15. 29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...because she is pregnant or has had an abortion. She usually cannot be forced to...health insurance for expenses arising from abortion is not required except where the life...medical complications have arisen from an abortion. Some questions and answers...

  16. 29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...because she is pregnant or has had an abortion. She usually cannot be forced to...health insurance for expenses arising from abortion is not required except where the life...medical complications have arisen from an abortion. Some questions and answers...

  17. 29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...because she is pregnant or has had an abortion. She usually cannot be forced to...health insurance for expenses arising from abortion is not required except where the life...medical complications have arisen from an abortion. Some questions and answers...

  18. Answers to Questions on Vocational Education; Curriculum Planning--Metalworking, Environmental Control, Public Services, Construction, Food Processing and Distribution, Health, and Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCracken, J. David; Magisos, Joel H.

    This short booklet contains questions and answers concerning aspects of vocational-technical education, including (1) information needed when curriculum for a new occupation is initiated, (2) importance of cooperating with business and industry in program development, (3) making education responsive to emerging job requirements, and (4) examples…

  19. Lab 6. Using HMM software. Answers to specific questions are in red, below. See the original lab for details on individual steps.

    E-print Network

    Sjölander, Kimmen

    Lab 6. Using HMM software. Answers to specific questions are in red, below. See the original lab'll need to reformat so you can view it with belvu. 8. Reformat the *mult alignment for belvu prettyalign can view it with belvu) 9. Create an HMM from the reformatted alignment, using the w0.5 software w0

  20. Asking Questions, All the Time

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jessica Fries-Gaither

    The ability to ask and answer questions while reading is essential to comprehension. This article discusses instructional strategies used to teach questioning and provides many online resources. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which explores the seven essential principles of the climate sciences for teachers in k-grade 5 classrooms.

  1. Text-to-text generation for question answering Wauter Bosma, Erwin Marsi, Emiel Krahmer and Mariet Theune

    E-print Network

    Theune, Mariët

    answer (Strza- lkowski et al., 2000). Someone querying a system about RSI may be interested to know what to an arbitrary length, providing not just a direct answer but also related information so to better address if an unambiguous Wauter Bosma VU University Amsterdam, e-mail: w.bosma@let.vu.nl Erwin Marsi Norwegian University

  2. Science Learning: A Path Analysis of Its Links with Reading Comprehension, Question-Asking in Class and Science Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cano, Francisco; García, Ángela; Berbén, A. B. G.; Justicia, Fernando

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to build and test a conceptual model of the complex interrelationships between students' learning in science (learning approaches and self-regulation), their reading comprehension, question-asking in class and science achievement. These variables were measured by means of a test and a series of questionnaires…

  3. The Effect upon Comprehension of the Presence and Type of Cognitive Organizer and of the Syntactic Structure of Recall Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Barbara Ann

    This study investigated a psycholinguistic model of reading comprehension which attempts to relate readers' conceptual backgrounds to their ability to process syntactic structures. Specifically, the questions addressed involved the interaction between cognitive organizers and active and passive voices of verbs. Subjects included 409 third graders,…

  4. Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuntz, Haley

    2007-01-01

    A canoe trip guide for young people gets used to the never-ending flow of questions. Kids are constantly inquiring about how many kilometres have been traveled that day, how many kilometres to go that day, what is for dinner, and when the next set of moving water is coming up. With kids, the questions are endless. Questions often are used as a…

  5. Questions and Answers on "A Method for Broadband Full-Duplex MIMO Radio" by Y. Hua, P. Liang, Y. Ma, A. Cirik and Q. Gao, IEEE SPL, Vol. 19, No. 12, Dec

    E-print Network

    Hua, Yingbo

    1 Questions and Answers on "A Method for Broadband Full-Duplex MIMO Radio" by Y. Hua, P. Liang, Y varying channels because the proposed scheme requires the real-time information of H. Answer: We only need. Answer: You are right from a conventional point of view. But the precision we need here is high due

  6. Mastin_Answers to student questions N14.pdf Student questions: Larry Mastin colloquium on "Forecasting ash fall impacts from a Yellowstone

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    plume height of the yellowstone eruption for your model input parameters? Plume into the atmosphere, does the height of the ash cloud greatly influence this or is it more'm not an atmospheric scientist so I can't provide a detailed answer. The reflective particles

  7. Using Higher Order Cognitive Questions in the Primary Classroom To Improve Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coolidge, Susan W.

    A teaching team leader and second grade teacher designed and implemented a 10-week practicum intervention meant to improve the inferential comprehension of 105 second graders whose reading scores on the Ginn Mastery Tests revealed a gap between inferential and literal comprehension. It was reasoned that the gap would decrease if teachers were…

  8. Mojzsis_Answers O11.pdf Student questions: Stephen Mojzsis colloquium on "Exploring the Darkest of Earth's

    E-print Network

    Shumway, John

    of Earth's Dark Ages" 9/28/11 Question 1: How old are the zircons that were used to measure the Earth in Western Australia is 4380 million years old. Not knowing what you mean about "meaure the Earth's crust that showed other places with old zircons. Question 1: In the image of what the Earth would have looked like

  9. Quality assessment of expert answers to lay questions about cystic fibrosis from various language zones in Europe: the ECORN-CF project

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The European Centres of Reference Network for Cystic Fibrosis (ECORN-CF) established an Internet forum which provides the opportunity for CF patients and other interested people to ask experts questions about CF in their mother language. The objectives of this study were to: 1) develop a detailed quality assessment tool to analyze quality of expert answers, 2) evaluate the intra- and inter-rater agreement of this tool, and 3) explore changes in the quality of expert answers over the time frame of the project. Methods The quality assessment tool was developed by an expert panel. Five experts within the ECORN-CF project used the quality assessment tool to analyze the quality of 108 expert answers published on ECORN-CF from six language zones. 25 expert answers were scored at two time points, one year apart. Quality of answers was also assessed at an early and later period of the project. Individual rater scores and group mean scores were analyzed for each expert answer. Results A scoring system and training manual were developed analyzing two quality categories of answers: content and formal quality. For content quality, the grades based on group mean scores for all raters showed substantial agreement between two time points, however this was not the case for the grades based on individual rater scores. For formal quality the grades based on group mean scores showed only slight agreement between two time points and there was also poor agreement between time points for the individual grades. The inter-rater agreement for content quality was fair (mean kappa value 0.232 ± 0.036, p < 0.001) while only slight agreement was observed for the grades of the formal quality (mean kappa value 0.105 ± 0.024, p < 0.001). The quality of expert answers was rated high (four language zones) or satisfactory (two language zones) and did not change over time. Conclusions The quality assessment tool described in this study was feasible and reliable when content quality was assessed by a group of raters. Within ECORN-CF, the tool will help ensure that CF patients all over Europe have equal possibility of access to high quality expert advice on their illness. PMID:22309508

  10. Novel Approaches to Examine Passage, Student, and Question Effects on Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Amanda C.; Davis, Nicole; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Cho, Sun-Joo; Toste, Jessica R.; Street, James; Cutting, Laurie E.

    2014-01-01

    Reading comprehension is influenced by sources of variance associated with the reader and the task. To gain insight into the complex interplay of multiple sources of influence, we employed crossed random-effects item response models. These models allowed us to simultaneously examine the degree to which variables related to the type of passage and…

  11. Do Questions Written in the Target Language Make Foreign Language Listening Comprehension Tests More Difficult?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filipi, Anna

    2012-01-01

    The Assessment of Language Competence (ALC) certificates is an annual, international testing program developed by the Australian Council for Educational Research to test the listening and reading comprehension skills of lower to middle year levels of secondary school. The tests are developed for three levels in French, German, Italian and…

  12. 26 CFR 301.6621-2T - Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial underpayments...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...to certain tax motivated transactions (temporary). 301.6621-2T Section 301...to certain tax motivated transactions (temporary). The following questions and...relating to certain deductions of tax shelters; and (9) In the case of a...

  13. 26 CFR 301.6621-2T - Questions and answers relating to the increased rate of interest on substantial underpayments...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...to certain tax motivated transactions (temporary). 301.6621-2T Section 301...to certain tax motivated transactions (temporary). The following questions and...relating to certain deductions of tax shelters; and (9) In the case of a...

  14. The answer is questions: accelerated-nursing students report practice questions are fundamental to first-time NCLEX-RN success.

    PubMed

    Blozen, Barbara B

    2014-01-01

    There are a number of anecdotal reports on demographic characteristics and academic success of accelerated-nursing students; yet few empirical studies have examined accelerated-nursing students NCLEX-RN success. Applying Knowles' adult learning theory as a guiding framework, the purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the accelerated-nursing students' perspective, the factors reported as contributing to their success on the NCLEX-RN. The research questions aimed to elicit participants' descriptions of their experiences and factors contributing to their success via individual interviews. The most significant finding the participants identified as the factor that contributed to their success was the practicing of NCLEX-RN questions. The findings of this study have several implications for educational policy and practice for universities and schools of nursing as the information gained from this study applies to recruitment and retention as well as curriculum and educational strategies in an accelerated-nursing program. PMID:26021133

  15. Parity of Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Women in Brazil: Does the Reported Number of Children Born Depend upon Who Answers National Census Questions?

    PubMed

    Ventura Santos, Ricardo; Luiz Bastos, João; Gonçalves Cruz, Oswaldo; de Barros Longo, Luciene Aparecida Ferreira; Flowers, Nancy May; de Oliveira Martins Pereira, Nilza

    2015-01-01

    Taking parity as the main analytic variable, the objective of this study is to investigate whether the patterns of response to national census questions in Brazil differ when Indigenous and non-Indigenous women are compared, taking into consideration whether the information was provided by the women directly or by a proxy respondent (another household member or a non-resident). We use data on children ever born to Indigenous and non-Indigenous women from two Brazilian regions, the Northeast and the North. Data on the number of household members, total household rooms, interviewee's color/race, educational attainment, age, parity, and type of respondent were obtained from the 2010 Brazilian census. The relation between color/race and reported parity, as well as the impact of the type of respondent on this association were assessed with the Zero-inflated Negative Binomial regression, stratified by region (North and Northeast) and urban/rural status. Just over half of census interviewees answered directly the census questions (51.2% in the North and 54.4% in the Northeast). Indigenous women in the North region had the highest percentage of interviews carried out with a non-resident (12.7% total; 15.0% and 3.0% in rural and urban areas, respectively). Regardless of color/race, parity means were considerably higher when the question was answered by the woman directly (93.5%-101.4% and 15.6%-21.7% higher, compared co-resident and non-resident based answers, respectively). Parity underreporting was particularly strong in Indigenous women living in the rural North (16.0% less in comparison to White women). Proxy respondents tend to underestimate the count of children, particularly among Indigenous women from the North. The implementation of certain methodological alternatives in the Brazilian national censuses, such as the selection and training of census takers to work specifically in Indigenous territories, might be a productive means to improve data collection. PMID:25874712

  16. Utilization of an Interrogative Model to Evaluate Mother's Use and Children's Comprehension of Question Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toler, Sue Anne; Bankson, Nicholas W.

    A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of utilizing Leach's interrogation model as a means for analyzing question types used by mothers and their children's responses to various interrogative forms. Data analyzed consisted of language samples obtained from three preschool children and their mothers during mother-child interactions plus…

  17. The Development of Comprehension Strategies through the Regulatory Function of Teacher Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zetlin, Andrea G.; Gallimore, Ronald

    1983-01-01

    Three moderately retarded 12-14 year olds participated in a program of responsive questioning designed to help them learn through regulation of their cognitive and linguistic performance. Exerpts from the sessions illustrate the value of the approach in making the transition from other to self regulation. (CL)

  18. Answering Gauguin?s Questions: Where Are We Coming From, Where Are We Going, and What Are We?

    ScienceCinema

    John Ellis

    2010-09-01

    Ellis discusses how the knowledge of matter revealed by the current reigning theory of particle physics, known as the Standard Model, still leaves open many basic questions, for example: What is the origin of the matter in the Universe, how does its mass originate, what is the nature of the dark matter that fills the Universe, and are there additional dimensions of space?

  19. Answers to Formulate Mathematical Conditions... Question 1 Obviously, if a, b > 0 and a + b = 1, then all four outer

    E-print Network

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    to a contradiction! #12;Question 2 We start with the following three entries a, b, c R of a magic square M -c -a - c -b -a . We conclude that every magic square is of this form, under the additional determine uniquely the whole magic square, since they pin down the variables a and b, and therefore also

  20. Answering the big questions in neuroscience: DoD's experimental research wing takes on massive, high-risk projects.

    PubMed

    Mertz, Leslie

    2012-01-01

    When the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) asks research questions, it goes big. This is, after all, the same agency that put together teams of scientists and engineers to find a way to connect the worlds computers and, in doing so, developed the precursor to the Internet. DARPA, the experimental research wing of the U.S. Department of Defense, funds the types of research queries that scientists and engineers dream of tackling. Unlike a traditional granting agency that conservatively metes out its funding and only to projects with a good chance of success, DARPA puts its money on massive, multi-institutional projects that have no guarantees, but have enormous potential. In the 1990s, DARPA began its biological and medical science research to improve the safety, health, and well being of military personnel, according to DARPA program manager and Army Colonel Geoffrey Ling, Ph.D., M.D. More recently, DARPA has entered the realm of neuroscience and neurotechnology. Its focus with these projects is on its prime customer, the U.S. Department of Defense, but Ling acknowledged that technologies developed in its programs "certainly have potential to cascade into civilian uses." PMID:22344946

  1. International Conference on Harmonisation; guidance on the M4 Common Technical Document--Quality: Questions and Answers/Location Issues; availability. Notice.

    PubMed

    2004-06-01

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance entitled "M4: The CTD--Quality: Questions and Answers/Location Issues." The guidance was prepared under the auspices of the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH). This guidance provides further clarification for preparing the quality components of an application file in the common technical document (CTD) format. The guidance addresses the relationship between linked sections for certain parameters (such as polymorphism and particle size), and it addresses location issues (by indicating the section in which to place requested information). The guidance is intended to ease the preparation of paper and electronic submissions, facilitate regulatory reviews, and simplify the exchange of regulatory information among regulatory authorities. PMID:15188781

  2. A framework for integrating and synthesizing data to ask and answer science questions in the Critical Zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bristol, S.

    2014-12-01

    In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) published a science strategy that resulted in an organizational pivot toward more focused attention on societal challenges and our ability to predict changes and study mitigation and resilience. The strategy described a number of global dynamics including climate and resource-related critical zone (CZ) impacts and emphasized the need for data integration as a significant underpinning for all of the science questions raised in the report. Organizational changes that came about as a result of the science strategy sparked a new entity called Core Science Systems, which has set as its mission the creation of a Modular Science Framework designed to seamlessly organize and integrate all data, information, and knowledge from the CZ. A part of this grand challenge is directly within the purview of the USGS mission and our science programs, while the data integration framework itself is part of a much larger global scientific cyberinfrastructure. This talk describes current research and development in pursuit of the USGS Modular Science Framework and how the work is being conducted in the context of the broader earth system sciences. Communities of practice under the banner of the Earth Science Information Partners are fostering working relationships vital to cohesion and interoperability between contributing institutions. The National Science Foundation's EarthCube and Cyberinfrastructure for the 21st Century initiatives are providing some of the necessary building blocks through foundational informatics and data science research. The U.S. Group on Earth Observations is providing leadership and coordination across agencies who operate earth observation systems. The White House Big Data Initiative is providing long term research and development vision to set the stage for sustainable, long term infrastructure across government data agencies. The end result will be a major building block of CZ science.

  3. Drilling the Mediterranean Messinian Evaporites to Answer Key Questions Related to Massive Microbial Dolomite Formation under Hypersaline Alkaline Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKenzie, Judith A.; Bontognali, Tomaso R. R.; Vasconcelos, Crisogono

    2014-05-01

    Deep-sea drilling in the Mediterranean during DSSP Leg 13 in 1970 revealed the basin-wide occurrence of a Messinian evaporite formation. This spectacular discovery was pursued further during a subsequent drilling program, DSDP Leg 42A, in 1975, which was designed, in part, to obtain continuous cores to study the evolution of the salinity crisis itself (Hsü, Montadert, et al., 1978). Specifically, drilling at a water depth of 4,088 m in the Ionian Sea, DSDP Site 374: Messina Abyssal Plain, penetrated about 80 m into the uppermost part of the Messinian upper evaporite formation. The sedimentary sequence comprises dolomitic mudstone overlying dolomitic mudstone/gypsum cycles, which in turn overlie anhydrite and halite. The non-fossiliferous dolomitic mudstone is generally rich in organic carbon, with TOC values ranging from 0.9% to 5.3%, of possible marine origin with a good source rock potential. Commonly laminated dolomitic mudstones contain preserved filamentous cyanobacterial remains suggesting that conditions were conducive for microbial mat growth. The Ca-dolomite, composed of fine-grained anhedral crystals in the size range of 2-4 ?m, is probably a primary precipitate. The unusual interstitial brines of the dolomitic mudstone units have very high alkalinities with a low pH of 5 to 6. The Mg concentration (2250 mmoles/l) is extremely elevated, whereas the Ca concentration is nearly zero. Finally, the drilled evaporite sedimentary sequence was interpreted as being deposited in an alkaline lake/sea ("Lago Mare"), which covered the area during the latest Messinian. Projecting forward 40 years since the DSDP Leg 42A drilling campaign, research into the factors controlling dolomite precipitation under Earth surface conditions has led to the development of new models involving the metabolism of microorganisms and associated biofilms to overcome the kinetic inhibitions associated with primary dolomite precipitation. Together with laboratory experiments, microbial dolomite precipitation has been studied extensively in rare modern environments, such as the arid coastal sabkhas of Abu Dhabi, UAE and the hypersaline coastal lagoons in Brazil. However, extrapolation of these studies of relatively limited aerial extent to interpret larger-scale, ancient dolomite formation of putative evaporitic origin remains elusive. Such ancient micritic dolomite formations with associated micro-porosity represent extremely valuable hydrocarbon reservoirs. Therefore, a comprehensive investigation of a relatively recent micritic dolomite deposit that has not experienced extensive burial depths and diagenesis is essential to extend our understanding of these important reservoir systems. Based on the limited data obtained during drilling at DSDP Site 374: Messina Abyssal Plain, the dolomitic mudstones of the uppermost Messinian evaporite complex represent an ideal candidate for such an extensive study in a "natural laboratory". Thus, to increase our understanding of the biogeochemical processes associated with ancient massive dolomite formation, we propose to document the scientific objectives to support a major new drilling campaign to study the sub-seafloor Messinian evaporite complex in the deep Mediterranean basins, using greatly enhanced drilling technology that is currently available within the new International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP). Hsü, K., Montadert, L. et al., 1978. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Volume 42, Part 1: Washington (U.S. Government Printing Office).

  4. 5 ( 24 10 16 ) Question 4 B H |= E H B E |= H

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    5 ( 24 10 16 ) 25 1 9 Question 1 Answer 1 Question 2 Answer 2 Question 3 Answer 3 Question 4 B H |= E H B E |= H Answer 4 |= B H |= E B E H Question 5 SOLAR Answer 5 SOLAR 1 #12;Question 6 Answer 6 Question 7 Answer 7 ( [2, 8, 9, 18]). Question 8 Answer 8 Question 9 Answer 9 Question 10 Answer 10 ( [11

  5. Short Readings from the American Mineralogist: Sneaky Tools for Teaching Scientific Reading Comprehension and Mineralogical Concepts

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kurt Hollocher

    This activity is designed to enhance student comprehension of mineralogy and its applications by having students read scientific articles from the journal American Mineralogist, answer questions, and discuss the article in class.

  6. Answers to Questions: Nuclear Energy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Nuclear Energy Office.

    Electricity is an increasingly important part of our everyday lives. Its versatility allows one to heat, cool, and light homes; cook meals; watch television; listen to music; power computers; make medical diagnosis and treatment; explore the vastness of space; and study the tiniest molecules. Nuclear energy, second to coal, surpasses natural gas,…

  7. Egg Ambassadors: Answering Consumer Questions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Food can be a touchy subject. It seems people either have very strong thoughts and opinions on food or they could care less as long as food is available to feed them and their families. With the current economic environment, many individuals are examining food choices more closely to ensure the gr...

  8. Greenland: More Questions than Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allison, Pete

    1998-01-01

    Journal entries, reflections, and interviews from a phenomenological study indicate the benefits experienced by 70 British youth participating in a six-week Greenland expedition. Themes emerging from the data include reflection on values, life and career plans, friendships and relationships, connectedness to self and society, environmental…

  9. Donating Blood Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hepatitis B core test. Can you explain the reasoning behind the deferral? Antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) is an antibody that generally appears close to the onset of clinical hepatitis and may persist for years or life. ...

  10. Bone Cancer: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Are there different types of primary bone cancer? Yes. Cancer can begin in any type of bone tissue. Bones are made up ... follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve? Yes. Bone cancer ... and should report any unusual symptoms right away. Follow-up varies for ...

  11. Medical Questions? Medline has Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modlin, Melanie

    1998-01-01

    Developed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the electronic version of "Index Medicus," Medline is the world's largest collection of published medical knowledge. Discussion includes accessing Medline (cost-free) with a Web browser, librarians as links between patients and physicians; and examples of Medline searches. (AEF)

  12. Questions and Answers about TB

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the African-American Community Summit Background Slideset Slideset Text version Websites Children Correctional Facilities Table of Contents ... Tuberculosis Laboratory Aggregate Reports Slide Sets Core Curriculum Text- only version Self-Study Modules Module 1 (text ...

  13. Generic Drugs: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Health and Human Services FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration Protecting and Promoting Your Health A to ... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Drugs Print this page Share this page E-mail ...

  14. Rethinking Drinking: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... by quitting. Also, it’s best if drinkers avoid acetaminophen (found in Tylenol® and other medications). Even the standard recommended dose of acetaminophen can increase the risk of liver damage, particularly ...

  15. Answering Your Digital Imaging Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koelling, Jill Marie

    1998-01-01

    Discusses two reasons why institutions should create digital image files--access and preservation. Suggests a collection survey for determining what to scan. Describes the five most important technical issues of digital imaging: resolution, file formats, storage, refreshment, and copyright. Discusses digitization of manuscript collections and…

  16. Antibiotic Resistance Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Systematic Reviews of Outpatient Stewardship Audit and Feedback Academic Detailing Clinical Decision Support Delayed Prescribing Practices Poster- ... common infections, such as CDC's Adult and Pediatric Academic Detailing Sheets. For more information on what healthcare ...

  17. Mifeprex (Mifepristone) Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... any restrictions on minors obtaining surgical or medical abortions. 9. Are there studies with mifepristone in women ... United States due to serious infections following medical abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol that FDA has concluded ...

  18. Questions and Answers about Stroke

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the stroke and acts quickly. What should a bystander do? Bystanders should know the signs and act in time. ... disability. Four million Americans are living with the effects of stroke. The length of time to recover ...

  19. Get Your Medicare Questions Answered

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and through your State Health Insurance Assistance Program (SHIP). SHIPs are state programs that get money from the ... local health insurance counseling to people with Medicare. SHIPs are independent and not connected to any insurance ...

  20. Older Adults' Comprehension of Transformational and Deactivation Negation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolin, Sara J.

    2015-01-01

    The present research aimed to examine young and older adults' comprehension of negated text to determine the locus of older adults' difficulty in understanding this text construction. Participants were asked to read short passages at their own pace, complete a lexical decision task, and answer a comprehension question about what they had read.…

  1. Four Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hark-Weber, Amara G., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    The author is pleased to introduce a new section in "TAJ," Four Questions. The structure is simple: four questions are asked to teaching artists working in various media and locations. The questions are always the same, but because each teaching artist's approach is unique, their answers will provide an insight into particular methodologies that…

  2. Most prospective students want to know the answer to one of the pivotal question when it comes to medical school: What kind of financial aid can I get to help pay for my education?

    E-print Network

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    options are also available for students who do not meet the federal government's parameters for financial to medical school: What kind of financial aid can I get to help pay for my education? It's a complicated question to answer because a student's financial aid award is established on an individual basis

  3. Comprehension of information in three direct-to-consumer television prescription drug advertisements among adults with limited literacy.

    PubMed

    Kaphingst, Kimberly A; Rudd, Rima E; Dejong, William; Daltroy, Lawren H

    2005-01-01

    Direct-to-consumer (DTC) television advertisements present a number of facts about prescription drug risks and benefits in a brief time. This study assessed comprehension of information in three advertisements among 50 adults with limited literacy. Participants correctly answered an average of 59% of comprehension questions. The percentage of respondents correctly answering individual comprehension questions ranged from 26% to 92%. A multivariate analysis suggested that type of information (risk vs. other) and channel (text vs. audio) predicted comprehension. There was a significant interaction effect for literacy and place of birth. Our results suggest key areas for future research on comprehension of DTC advertising. PMID:16278198

  4. On-line assessment of comprehension processes.

    PubMed

    Martínez, Tomás; Vidal-Abarca, Eduardo; Gil, Laura; Gilabert, Ramiro

    2009-05-01

    In this paper we describe a new version of a former paper-and-pencil standardized comprehension test called Test of Comprehension Processes (Vidal-Abarca, Gilabert, Martínez, & Sellés, 2007). The new version has been adapted to a computer-based environment based on the moving window technique. It can be used to assess comprehension strategies of students from fifth to tenth grades (11- to 16-years-old). Comprehension strategies are registered on-line using reading times and visits to relevant sections of the text during the question-answering process. Data show that the computer-based version draws similar results to those provided by the paper-and-pencil version. In addition, we identify the particular strategies deployed during the question-answering process by high, medium and low comprehenders. PMID:19476242

  5. Fermi questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouffard, Karen

    1999-05-01

    This column contains problems and solutions for the general category of questions known as "Fermi" questions. Forcing the students to use their ability to estimate, giving answers in terms of order-of-magnitude, is not only a challenge for a competition, but a teaching strategy to use in the classroom to develop self-confidence and the ability to analyze answers as to whether or not they make sense, as opposed to relying on the "precision" of a calculator value.

  6. How can comprehension adjunct questions focus students' attention and enhance concept learning of a computer-animated science lesson?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holliday, William G.; McGuire, Barry

    Two focusing hypotheses were evaluated. First, do adjunct questions, focusing on science concepts and inserted after computer-animated sequences, selectively alter students' attentional or practice processing and thus produce differential learning effects? Theoretically, such questions selectively focus students' attention and enhance concept learning of focused concepts. Second, do these questions still provide enough metacognitive scaffolding to produce differential learning effects when only the first 8 out of 12 sequences are followed by focusing questions? Eighth-grade students (n = 160) were randomly assigned to a control group (lesson alone) or one of four treatment groups (lesson plus 12 questions focusing either on heat or on temperature, or lesson plus the same first 8 questions on heat or temperature followed by 4 placebo questions). Two significant two-way interactions with widely varying F ratios supported the differential focusing hypotheses (12 questions - more robust interaction, 8 - less robust interaction).

  7. INTRODUCING MULTIPLE CHOICE ALONGSIDE SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS INTO THE END-OF-YEAR EXAMINATION: THE IMPACT ON STUDENT LEARNING IN FIRST YEAR ECONOMICS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicola Reimann

    The study investigates the impact of a change to the format of the examination of a large module in introductory Economics, where essay questions were replaced by multiple choice questions (MCQ). The paper explores the impact of the examination on the quality of student learning and students' experiences and perceptions of the new format The data comprised questionnaire data, semi-structured

  8. "There is nothing like looking, if you want to find something" - asking questions and searching for answers - the evidence based approach.

    PubMed

    Haroon, Munib; Phillips, Robert

    2010-04-01

    Evidence based medicine (EBM) consists of four separate processes. Asking a clinical question Locating the evidence Appraising and synthesizing the evidence Applying the evidence Most people are familiar with the third step but not so familiar with the first two. Well-designed clinical questions can help clarify in a clinicians mind exactly what information is being sought and also help with the search. This clinical question can be framed around the PICO format. With a well-structured PICO information can then be located in a timely manner using the concept of Haynes's 5 S's and a range of websites including trial registers and meta-search engines. PMID:20351149

  9. A comprehensive review for industrial applicability of artificial neural networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Magali R. G. Meireles; Paulo E. M. Almeida; Marcelo Godoy Simões

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a comprehensive review of the industrial applications of artificial neural networks (ANNs), in the last 12 years. Common questions that arise to practitioners and control engineers while deciding how to use NNs for specific industrial tasks are answered. Workable issues regarding implementation details, training and performance evaluation of such algorithms are also discussed, based on a judiciously

  10. ONLINE ASSESSMENT RESULTS: Information for Staff -Your Questions Answered Following the University's decision to provide all students (all campuses, ALPs and IDLs) with their final course

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    : on receipt of the signed GS060 ARR (and GS065 Error Report), by programme and year of study (or other at the end of January 2012. This document should address the most common questions that have already been Assessment Results Reports (ARR ­ GS060) as per current practice. 4. Schools will check all marks

  11. Five Hundred Questions Kids Ask about Sex and Some of the Answers: Sex Education for Parents, Teachers and Young People Themselves.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Younger, Frances

    This book is based on the premise that sexual expression is a way for people to show affection and love for one another. The book is divided into six chapters that cover topics related to sexuality and growing up. The sections in each chapter contain questions that preteens and teenagers typically ask and provide clear, unambiguous, and…

  12. Do Workshops in Evidence-Based Practice Equip Participants to Identify and Answer Questions Requiring Consideration of Clinical Research? A Diagnostic Skill Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyer, Peter C,; Naqvi, Zoon; Dayan, Peter S.; Celentano, James J.; Eskin, Barnet; Graham, Mark J.

    2009-01-01

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) requires practitioners to identify and formulate questions in response to patient encounters, and to seek, select, and appraise applicable clinical research. A standardized workshop format serves as the model for training of medical educators in these skills. We developed an evaluation exercise to assess the ability…

  13. "The" Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Pardee, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Examines the suggestions found in Michael Canale's paper, "Considerations in the Testing of Reading and Listening Proficiency," in the light of a possible U.S. Government's Interagency Language Roundtable receptive skills proficiency test which must supply the answer to the question of how well an individual can understand a particular language.…

  14. 1. You should be able to answer this question after completing Chapter 2. Consider the reproduction below of the side of a toothpaste container.

    E-print Network

    Kobrak, Mark N.

    this question by the time you have finished Chapter 5. A wrapper for a self-heating coffee cup is shown plant may generate SO2 on-site by the combustion of elemental sulfur. Assuming complete combustion ). The heat of reaction for the combustion of coal is C(s) + O2(g) CO2(g) Ho =-393.5 kJ/mol Assuming

  15. Patterns of Potential Answer Expressions as Clues to the Right Answers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin M. Soubbotin

    2001-01-01

    The core of our question-answering mechanism is searching for predefined patterns of textual expressions that may be interpreted as answers to certain types of questions. The presence of such patterns in analyzed answer-string candidates may provide evidence of the right answer. The answer-string candidates are created by cutting up relatively-large source documents passages containing the query terms or their synonyms\\/substitutes.

  16. Assessing Comprehension During Reading with the Reading Strategy Assessment Tool (RSAT).

    PubMed

    Magliano, Joseph P; Millis, Keith K; Levinstein, Irwin

    2011-08-01

    Comprehension emerges as the results of inference and strategic processes that support the construction of a coherent mental model for a text. However, the vast majority of comprehension skills tests adopt a format that does not afford an assessment of these processes as they operate during reading. This study assessed the viability of the Reading Strategy Assessment Tool (RSAT), which is an automated computer-based reading assessment designed to measure readers' comprehension and spontaneous use of reading strategies while reading texts. In the tool, readers comprehend passages one sentence at a time, and are asked either an indirect ("What are your thoughts regarding your understanding of the sentence in the context of the passage?") or direct (e.g., why X?) question after reading each pre-selected target sentence. The answers to the indirect questions are analyzed on the extent that they contain words associated with comprehension processes. The answers to direct questions are coded for the number of content words in common with an ideal answer, which is intended to be an assessment of emerging comprehension. In the study, the RSAT approach was shown to predict measures of comprehension comparable to standardized tests. The RSAT variables were also shown to correlate with human ratings. The results of this study constitute a "proof of concept" and demonstrate that it is possible to develop a comprehension skills assessment tool that assesses both comprehension and comprehension strategies. PMID:23901332

  17. Does the Answer Order Matter on Multiple-Choice Exams?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joel Tellinghuisen; Michelle M. Sulikowski

    2008-01-01

    Surprising version-dependent differences are noted in student performance on certain questions in a standardized general chemistry exam. The exam in question has two versions, on which both questions and answers are ordered differently. For the questions suspected of answer-order bias, the performance is better in ten of twelve cases when students see the correct answer earlier in the list of

  18. It's about the Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bearwald, Ronald R.

    2011-01-01

    The best coaching partnerships are built on conversation and listening, and they are not built on a coach giving answers to a mentee. Ronald Bearward explains how coaches can use questions to help mentees find answers for themselves. Effective questions lead to greater reflection and solutions that teachers can use now and in the future.

  19. Translating evidence into healthcare policy and practice: Single versus multi-faceted implementation strategies - is there a simple answer to a complex question?

    PubMed

    Harvey, Gill; Kitson, Alison

    2015-03-01

    How best to achieve the translation of research evidence into routine policy and practice remains an enduring challenge in health systems across the world. The complexities associated with changing behaviour at an individual, team, organizational and system level have led many academics to conclude that tailored, multi-faceted strategies provide the most effective approach to knowledge translation. However, a recent overview of systematic reviews questions this position and sheds doubt as to whether multi-faceted strategies are any better than single ones. In this paper, we argue that this either-or distinction is too simplistic and fails to recognize the complexity that is inherent in knowledge translation. Drawing on organizational theory relating to boundaries and boundary management, we illustrate the need for translational strategies that take account of the type of knowledge to be implemented, the context of implementation and the people and processes involved. PMID:25774368

  20. Can Science Education Research Give an Answer to Questions posed by History of Science and Technology? The Case of Steam Engine's Measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanderakis, Nikos E.

    2009-09-01

    According to the principle of virtual velocities, if on a simple machine in equilibrium we suppose a slight virtual movement, then the ratio of weights or forces equals the inverse ratio of velocities or displacements. The product of the weight raised or force applied multiplied by the height or displacement plays a central role there. British engineers used the same product in the eighteenth century in order to measure steam engines’ effectiveness. The question is whether this measure was obviously empirical or had its origin in theory of mechanics and particularly in the principle of virtual velocities. According to science education research, this measure is not likely to have arisen intuitively and most probably could not have been formulated without any acquaintance with theory of mechanics.

  1. Double Sampling with Multiple Imputation to Answer Large Sample Meta-Research Questions: Introduction and Illustration by Evaluating Adherence to Two Simple CONSORT Guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Capers, Patrice L.; Brown, Andrew W.; Dawson, John A.; Allison, David B.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Meta-research can involve manual retrieval and evaluation of research, which is resource intensive. Creation of high throughput methods (e.g., search heuristics, crowdsourcing) has improved feasibility of large meta-research questions, but possibly at the cost of accuracy. Objective: To evaluate the use of double sampling combined with multiple imputation (DS?+?MI) to address meta-research questions, using as an example adherence of PubMed entries to two simple consolidated standards of reporting trials guidelines for titles and abstracts. Methods: For the DS large sample, we retrieved all PubMed entries satisfying the filters: RCT, human, abstract available, and English language (n?=?322, 107). For the DS subsample, we randomly sampled 500 entries from the large sample. The large sample was evaluated with a lower rigor, higher throughput (RLOTHI) method using search heuristics, while the subsample was evaluated using a higher rigor, lower throughput (RHITLO) human rating method. Multiple imputation of the missing-completely at-random RHITLO data for the large sample was informed by: RHITLO data from the subsample; RLOTHI data from the large sample; whether a study was an RCT; and country and year of publication. Results: The RHITLO and RLOTHI methods in the subsample largely agreed (phi coefficients: title?=?1.00, abstract?=?0.92). Compliance with abstract and title criteria has increased over time, with non-US countries improving more rapidly. DS?+?MI logistic regression estimates were more precise than subsample estimates (e.g., 95% CI for change in title and abstract compliance by year: subsample RHITLO 1.050–1.174 vs. DS?+?MI 1.082–1.151). As evidence of improved accuracy, DS?+?MI coefficient estimates were closer to RHITLO than the large sample RLOTHI. Conclusion: Our results support our hypothesis that DS?+?MI would result in improved precision and accuracy. This method is flexible and may provide a practical way to examine large corpora of literature. PMID:25988135

  2. Drawing on Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloomgarden, Joan

    2000-01-01

    Examines observations and research on question-answer interaction between client and therapist, and teacher and student. Discusses Patton's six-question instrument which provides categories of question options, with application for the art therapist. Argues that effective formulation of questions provides the clinician, educator, and researcher…

  3. A Simple Answer to a Simple Question on Changing Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridgeman, Brent

    2012-01-01

    In an article in the Winter 2011 issue of the "Journal of Educational Measurement", van der Linden, Jeon, and Ferrara suggested that "test takers should trust their initial instincts and retain their initial responses when they have the opportunity to review test items." They presented a complex IRT model that appeared to show that students would…

  4. Unpark Those Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Molly

    2013-01-01

    Whenever Mr. Henderson's 3rd grade students had a question that he couldn't immediately answer or that seemed off-topic, he asked them to write the question on a sticky note and place it on a poster dubbed the "Parking Lot." His intention was to find time later to answer those questions, but too often, he said, the parking lot…

  5. OSHA Frequently Asked Questions: HAZWOPER

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This OSHA web page provides answers to many of the more common questions regarding the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) regulation. Many of the answers provided are regarding the HAZWOPER training requirements.

  6. To Question or Not to Question: That Seems to Be the Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradtmueller, Weldon G.; Egan, James B.

    Research on the effects of questioning in the classroom has explored the placement, timing, type, and social impact of questions. Principles of good questioning include the following: (1) well-stated questions should be concise, clear, and complete; (2) questions should be topical in nature, requiring a complex answer; (3) yes or no questions

  7. Questions Parents Ask about Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.

    This guide presents questions that parents frequently ask about their children's school, along with answers to those questions. The questions and answers were prepared based on the results of studies conducted by the Partnership for Family Involvement in Education, the U.S. Department of Education, the GTE Foundation, and by the National Center…

  8. Exam Question Exchange.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, John J., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    Acceptable answers are provided for two chemistry questions. The first question is related to the prediction of the appearance of non-first-order proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra. The second question is related to extraterrestrial kinetic theory of gases. (JN)

  9. Questions and Answers: Information for Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognizes that school administrators, teachers, staff, and parents are concerned about the flu, particularly its effects on children. Schools are instrumental in keeping their communities healthy by taking actions such as posting information about hand hygiene in restrooms, providing flu…

  10. Fifteen Questions and Answers about Elder Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... violence or abuse • Mental illness, dependency, family dysfunction • Economic pressures, personal stress • Longstanding personality traits (bad temper, ... 14 domestic elder abuse incidents comes to the attention of authorities. We do know that we must ...

  11. Page 1 of 24 Question & Answers

    E-print Network

    count towards applicant's required match share. 8. The disclosure of the financial records of private to reconsider submission. Detailed financial records of the type being requested in this proposal constitute trade secrets. The provision to make these records public after three years is not in the public

  12. National Lung Screening Trial: Questions and Answers

    Cancer.gov

    The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) is a lung cancer screening trial sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and conducted by the American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) and the Lung Screening Study group.

  13. Questions and Answers: Smallpox Vaccine and Monkeypox

    MedlinePLUS

    Monkeypox Clinicians Public Health Lawyers Pet Owners & Animal Handlers Veterinarians Case Definition Infection Control & Exposure Management Lab & Specimens MMWR & Other Reference Materials Related Links Treatment Vaccination Public Inquiries English (800) CDC-INFO Español (888) 246-2857 TTY (888) 232- ...

  14. Questions and Answers March 9, 2012

    E-print Network

    on Pg. 1 of Attachment F, part III, it says "This sheet identifies costs by category individually." Does this mean that if we are applying for a CNG station that will have three identical: In the above example, dispensers may be described once, as this is for a single station. The total number

  15. Answering Consumer Questions: Opportunity for Impact

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Food can be a touchy subject. It seems people either have very strong thoughts and opinions on food or they could care less as long as food is available to feed them and their families. With the current economic environment, many individuals are examining food choices more closely to ensure the g...

  16. April 22, 2014 Questions and Answers

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    conservation activities implemented consistent with Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) conservation conservation practices that enhance or protect water quality. The Agencies collaborated with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to identify conservation practices that occur in waters of the United States

  17. Breast microcalcifications: how to answer women's questions.

    PubMed

    Connelly Kudzma, Elizabeth

    2008-02-01

    One of your patients, a 57-year-old woman, presents to the primary care setting, clutching the results of her routine mammography screening test. She says she was told that her mammogram shows microcalcifications and that she needs further testing. She's fearful, asking you, "Does this mean I have cancer?" How do you help her interpret her mammogram results and give her guidance? A thorough understanding of the significance of pathophysiologic positive findings on routine mammograms in asymptomatic women will inform your choice of anticipatory guidance and continued care. PMID:18257885

  18. Questions and Answers on Treaty Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Coalition to Support Indian Treaties, Seattle, WA.

    Treaties have been upheld in the U.S. Constitution as "the supreme law of the land". U.S. courts have repeatedly recognized Indian nations as sovereign and, consequently, treaties between Indian nations and the United States have the dignity as well as the full force and effect of any other international agreement. While many treaties over the…

  19. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utter, Jack

    This book aims to fill part of the gap that exists between commonly held misconceptions and the realities of American Indian history and modern life. Part I discusses the "doctrine of discovery," a European legal theory invented to justify the acquisition of Indian lands, and explains why the issue of discovery has had so great an impact on…

  20. Quick Answers to Common Questions About

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    the basics, including how to shadow a doctor, apply to medical school, make the most of your gap year is Right for Me? 6 How Do I Partner with My Advisor? 7 How Do I Make the Most of my Gap Year? Chapter 2 Gap Year? #12;Association of American Medical Collegeswww.aamc.org/aspiringdocs 5 how Do I Decide

  1. Questions and Answers About Ten Formal Methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. H. Hartel; M. J. Butler; A. Currie; P. Henderson; M. Leuschel; A. Martin; A. Smith; U. Ultes-Nitsche; B. Walters

    1999-01-01

    An abstract model of a distributed data base application has been studied\\u000d\\u000a using process based, state based, and queueing theory based methods. The\\u000d\\u000a methods supported by graphical notations and\\/or integrated development\\u000d\\u000a environments were found to be easiest to work with. The methods supported by\\u000d\\u000a model checkers were the most successful in obtaining relevant information\\u000d\\u000a about the application.\\u000d\\u000a BR\\u000d\\u000a Applying a

  2. Online Transcript Request Questions and Answers

    E-print Network

    Tufts University

    .00 for each express mail address. Q. How can I pay for my transcripts? A. Online requests can be paid transcript overnight? A. We can send your transcript out via Express Mail. Each official transcript ordered.00 for each express mail address. Q. Can I hold some transcripts to be picked up and mail some out? A. You can

  3. Questions and Answers about Sex (For Parents)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... increased focus on their private parts or feel shame. Some parents choose to casually ignore self-touching ... of parents use actual names to refer to male and female body parts. What do you tell ...

  4. Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Outbreaks: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Preguntas y respuestas Q: How common is whooping cough? A: Even with the success of whooping cough ... many states. Q: Why is there more whooping cough in some years than others? A: Reported cases ...

  5. Questions and Answers about Carotid Endarterectomy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in the head or neck leading to the brain. Some ischemic strokes are due to stenosis, or narrowing of arteries due to the build up of plaque, fatty deposits and blood clots along the artery wall. A vascular disease that ...

  6. Answers to the Question: "Who Developed Race?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eden, Jason

    2011-01-01

    Having served as a college and university instructor at several institutions, the author has taught numerous history courses that have dealt with race relations in the United States. A class that he currently teaches, titled "Race in America," focuses specifically upon this topic. It is designed for non-history majors who are in their early years…

  7. Uranus and Neptune: Questions and possible answers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, R. T.; Podolak, M.

    1987-01-01

    Uranus and Neptune form a special class of planetary objects; intermediate in mass and composition between the giant hydrogen-rich planets of Jupiter and Saturn, and the small, rocky terrestrial planets, their structure and composition are not only of intrinsic importance, but also should provide information regarding the nature of the protoplanetary nebula and the processes of planetary formation. A detailed set of theoretical models of these planets within the framework of two and three shell models was costructed. The ratio of ice to rock was varied. The three shell model fits the data on the two planets best.

  8. QUICK Answers To Frequently Asked Questions

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Building and Student Center East. TCF Bank has a location in Student Center East (SCE). Books and advocates creative productivity and cultural research, cultural programming, student networking) provide? The office provides a safe place for women to relax, meet, and receive information. Books

  9. Answers to Number Problems Question 1 Let

    E-print Network

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    are divisible by 52 , and none of these is divisible by 53 ). Similarly, one derives that the multiplicity of 2 into account that -9 c -a decimal representation of N - M in the following way distinct numbers a, a + 1, b, b + 1, each with multiplicity one. We describe a procedure after which

  10. Answering Your Child's Tough Questions About Alcohol

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Child About Alcohol Why Small Conversations Make a Big Impression The Consequences of Underage Drinking How To ... Child About Alcohol Why Small Conversations Make a Big Impression The Consequences of Underage Drinking How To ...

  11. Questions and Answers on Unapproved Chelation Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 4. Why did FDA take this action? Companies marketing unapproved OTC chelation products with unsubstantiated treatment claims violate the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Although some of these ...

  12. Working within the Law: Copyright Questions Answered.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Susan S.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses copyright issues: what can be copyrighted, rights of copyright holders, avoiding copyright infringement, using copyrighted works, and addresses for more information concerning copyright laws. (CT)

  13. National Lung Screening Trial: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... out of 10 cases of lung cancer in women. Studies have shown that smoking low tar or low ... be noted that the population enrolled in this study, while ethnically ... to other populations. Men and women in a similar age group and with a ...

  14. Melamine in Tableware: Questions and Answers

    Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

    ... Search FDA Submit search. ... Nutrition and FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine, and included a review of the scientific literature on melamine toxicity ...

  15. Climate Change Facts: Answers to Common Questions

    MedlinePLUS

    ... does water vapor in our atmosphere contribute to global warming? Higher concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse ... does that mean we shouldn't worry about global warming? There were times in the distant past when ...

  16. Questions and Answers about Ebola and Pets

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Ebola in the United States. More information about Ebola and pet dogs and cats CDC, the U.S. ... PDF - 5 pages] How are animals involved in Ebola outbreaks? Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola ...

  17. Tangier disease: still more questions than answers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J.-R. Nofer; A. T. Remaley

    2005-01-01

    High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) play a central role in transporting cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the liver for elimination from the body. Impairment of HDL-mediated cholesterol transport favors cholesterol deposition in the arterial wall and promotes development of arteriosclerosis. Tangier disease is a severe HDL deficiency syndrome characterized by the accumulation of cholesterol in tissue macrophages and prevalent atherosclerosis. A three-decade

  18. Cryosurgery in Cancer Treatment: Questions and Answers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the use of extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen (or argon gas) to destroy abnormal tissue . Cryosurgery ... those on the skin. For external tumors, liquid nitrogen is applied directly to the cancer cells with ...

  19. FALCON: Boosting Knowledge for Answer Engines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanda M. Harabagiu; Dan I. Moldovan; Marius Pasca; Rada Mihalcea; Mihai Surdeanu; Razvan C. Bunescu; Roxana Girju; Vasile Rus; Paul Morarescu

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents the features of FALCON, an answerengine that integrates different forms of syntactic,semantic and pragmatic knowledge for the goalof achieving better performance. The answer enginehandles question reformulations, finds the expected answertype from a large hierarchy that incorporatesthe WordNet semantic net and extracts answers af-ter performing unifications on the semantic forms ofthe question and its candidate answers. To rule

  20. Question the Author

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-05-16

    This web page describes the comprehension strategy of Question the Author (QtA), a strategy in which students pose questions while reading nonfiction text. Students pose questions about the author's purpose in including certain phrases or forms of information while reading. Sample questions are provided in a three-step instructional sequence. References are included.