Sample records for anterior tibial post

  1. Rotational alignment of the tibial component in total knee arthroplasty: the anterior tibial cortex is a reliable landmark

    PubMed Central

    BALDINI, ANDREA; INDELLI, PIER FRANCESCO; DE LUCA, LAPO; MARIANI, PIERPAOLO CERULLI; MARCUCCI, MASSIMILIANO

    2013-01-01

    Purpose to compare the anterior tibial surface curvature, the Akagi’s line and the medial third of the tibial tubercle in order to assess which is the most reliable landmark for correct tibial component rotational positioning in total knee arthroplasty. Methods three independent investigators reviewed 124 knee MRI scans. The most suitable tibial baseplate tracing for the Nexgen Total Knee System (Zimmer, Warsaw, USA) was superimposed on the scan matching the anterior tibial cortex with the anterior aspect of the baseplate. The rotation of the tibial baseplate tracing was calculated with respect to the transepicondylar axis (TEA), the medial third of the tibial tubercle line, Akagi’s line and the femoral posterior condylar axis (PCA). Customized software was created and used for analysis of the MRI datasets. The reliability of each measurement was then calculated by using the intraclass correlation coefficient for interobserver agreement. Results observer agreement on the position of the Akagi’s line was within 3° in 64% of the cases and within 5° in 85% of the cases. Agreement on the position of the medial third of the tibial tubercle was within 3° in 29% of the cases and within 5° in 70% of the cases. Agreement on the localization of the anterior tibial surface curvature was within 3° in 89% of the cases and within 5° in 99% of the cases. Component alignment along the anterior cortex guaranteed full matching ± 3° with the epicondylar axis in 75% of the knees. Conclusions the anterior tibial surface curvature was found to be a more reliable and more easily identifiable landmark for correct tibial component alignment than either Akagi’s line or the medial third of the tibialtubercle. Level of evidence level III, retrospective cohort study. PMID:25606527

  2. Longitudinal anterior knee laxity related to substantial tibial tunnel enlargement after anterior cruciate ligament revision.

    PubMed

    Quatman, Carmen E; Paterno, Mark V; Wordeman, Samuel C; Kaeding, Christopher C

    2011-08-01

    Allograft and bioabsorbable screw use in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision surgery is common. However, both allograft and bioabsorbable screws have been associated with immunologic reactions that lead to tunnel enlargement. Long-term studies examining tibial tunnel enlargement in this population are currently not available. We report a case of severe tibial and femoral tunnel enlargement 6.5 years after ACL revision surgery with anterior tibialis and semitendinosus allograft and bioabsorbable screw fixation. Longitudinal knee arthrometer data, knee examination with the patient under anesthesia, and arthroscopic inspection of the graft showed minimal effects of severe tunnel enlargement on anterior knee laxity and graft integrity. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a longitudinal assessment of anterior knee laxity associated with severe tunnel enlargement. Surgeons should be aware of this condition and the clinical consequences that may accompany bone tunnel enlargement after ACL surgery. PMID:21802626

  3. Evaluation of 3 Fixation Devices for Tibial-Sided Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Backup Fixation.

    PubMed

    Verioti, Christopher A; Sardelli, Matthew C; Nguyen, Tony

    2015-07-01

    We conducted a study to biomechanically evaluate 3 methods of tibial-sided fixation for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: fully threaded interference screw only, interference screw backed with 4.75-mm SwiveLock anchor, and fully threaded bio-interference screw backed with 4.5-mm bicortical screw (all Arthrex). Thirty skeletally mature porcine tibiae were used. The first group was prepared by graft fixation within the tibial tunnel using only an interference screw. The second and third groups included an interference screw with 2 types of secondary fixation: 4.5-mm bicortical post and SwiveLock anchor. Mechanical testing consisted of 500 cycles between 50 and 250 N at 1 Hz, followed by a pull to failure conducted at 20 mm per minute. Ultimate load-to-failure testing demonstrated the largest mean (SD) load tolerated in the post/washer group, 1148 (186) N, versus the SwiveLock group, 1007 (176) N, and the screw-only group, 778 (139) N. There was no statistical difference between the 2 backup fixation groups. Use of a SwiveLock anchor as backup fixation at the tibial side in soft-tissue anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a safe, effective alternative to a bicortical post and provides statistically equivalent pullout strength with unlikely requirement for future hardware removal. PMID:26161768

  4. The Effects of Muscle Fatigue on Neuromuscular Function and Anterior Tibial Translation in Healthy Knees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward M. Wojtys; Bradford B. Wylie; Laura J. Huston

    1996-01-01

    We investigated the effect of quadriceps and hamstring muscle fatigue on anterior tibial translation and muscle reaction time in 10 healthy subjects. The six men and four women had an average age of 21.3 years and had no known pathologic knee conditions. Each patient underwent a knee examination, arthrometer measure ments of tibial translation, subjective functional assess ment, and an

  5. Exercise-induced anterior tibial compartment compression syndrome in the elderly

    PubMed Central

    Sweeney, R. C.; Chadwick, C. J.; Bagnall, W. E.

    1981-01-01

    Exercise-induced anterior tibial compartment compression syndrome occurs predominantly in young males. The authors report a case in a 79-year-old female as a complication of rehabilitation. PMID:7301708

  6. Results of bypasses to the anterior tibial artery through the interosseous membrane

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Illuminati; A. Bertagni; V. Martinelli

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the results of anatomically tunneled grafts to the anterior\\u000a tibial artery for distal revascularization in terms of patency and limb salvage rates as well as local morbidity, which can\\u000a lengthen the postoperative hospital stay. Twenty-three patients received 24 bypasses to the anterior tibial artery, with grafts\\u000a tunneled through the interosseous

  7. Insufficiency fracture of the tibial plateau after anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive surgery: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Wong, Jessica J; Muir, Brad

    2013-06-01

    Peri-articular fractures after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery are rare. To our knowledge, this case documents the first insufficiency fracture of the tibial plateau after ACL reconstruction, which presented three weeks after the procedure. A 25-year-old female recreational soccer player suffered an insufficiency fracture of the tibial plateau, extending 1.5 mm into the anterior wall of tibial tunnel and medial compartment under the anterior horn of medial meniscus, which presented as a diagnostic challenge. Clinically, the fracture mimicked a low-grade infection of the surgical site, while radiographically, the fracture resembled an avulsion fracture, later confirmed as a tibial tunnel fracture with computed tomography. With the ACL graft integrity not in jeopardy, four weeks of non-weightbearing and a delayed post-operative rehabilitation program was effective in allowing the fracture to heal. Good functional outcome was achieved after conservative management, with minimal loss of terminal knee extension and minimal pain at 22-month follow-up. PMID:23754857

  8. Anatomical study of the human anterior cruciate ligament stump’s tibial insertion footprint

    Microsoft Academic Search

    András Tállay; Mui-Hong Lim; John Bartlett

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to define the topographical relationship of the anatomical bundles of the human anterior cruciate\\u000a ligament’s (ACL) stump over the tibial insertion site. Between January and April 2007, a total of 36 resected tibial plateaus\\u000a were retrieved from patients who underwent total knee replacements. These samples had intact cruciate ligaments with no major\\u000a osteophyte around

  9. How iliotibial tract injuries of the knee combine with acute anterior cruciate ligament tears to influence abnormal anterior tibial displacement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Glenn C. Terry; Lyle A. Norwood; Jack C. Hughston; Kenneth M. Caldwell

    1993-01-01

    A knowledge of the patterns of injury to the compo nents of the iliotibial tract allows a clearer interpretation of motion limits testing in patients with abnormal ante rior tibial translation of the knee (anterior cruciate liga ment-deficient knees).Eighty-two consecutive patients with acute knee in juries were classified as anteromedial-anterolateral ro tatory instability (anterior cruciate ligament-deficient) based on the abnormal

  10. All-Epiphyseal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Skeletally Immature Patients: A Surgical Technique Using a Split Tibial Tunnel

    PubMed Central

    Lykissas, Marios G.; Nathan, Senthil T.; Wall, Eric J.

    2012-01-01

    Many techniques have been described for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in skeletally immature patients, including extra-articular, complete or partial transphyseal, and physeal-sparing techniques. An all-epiphyseal technique places the tendon and its tunnels and fixation all within the child's epiphysis, leaving the growth plates untouched. We describe an all-epiphyseal quadruple-hamstring ACL reconstruction using a split tibial tunnel. The split tibial tunnels drop the tunnel size down to 4.5 to 5.5 mm from 7 to 8 mm because only half the total graft diameter passes through each of the split tunnels. This increases the safety margin for keeping the tunnel within the tibial epiphysis, in addition to avoiding damage into the growth plate. The bone bridge between the 2 tunnels serves as a solid low-profile fixation post. Femoral graft fixation is achieved with an interference screw, which allows precise tensioning and low-profile fixation entirely within the femoral tunnel. By placing the graft at the native ACL's anatomic attachment points without spanning or violating the growth plates at any step of the procedure, an all-epiphyseal ACL reconstruction with a split tibial tunnel theoretically minimizes the risk of growth disturbance in an ACL-deficient child. PMID:23766968

  11. The Relationship between the Angle of the Tibial Tunnel in the Coronal Plane and Loss of Flexion and Anterior Laxity after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen M. Howell; Mark E. Gittins; John E. Gottlieb; Steven M. Traina; Timothy M. Zoellner

    2001-01-01

    Tension in an anterior cruciate ligament graft is greater with the knee in flexion when the angle of the tibial tunnel in the coronal plane is vertical or more perpendicular to the medial joint line of the tibia; however, the relationship of the angle of the tibial tunnel to knee function has not been studied. Greater graft tension may limit

  12. Bilateral Medial Tibial Plateau Fracture after Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Chul Hyun; Lee, Kyung Jae; Jeon, Jong Hyuk

    2015-01-01

    Tibial plateau fractures after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are rare, and only isolated cases have been reported. The authors describe a case of bilateral medial tibial plateau fracture following a minor motorcycle accident in a patient who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction in the past. Two years and four months before the accident, the patient underwent an arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction using double-bundle technique on his left knee at a hospital. He had the same surgery using single-bundle technique on his right knee about eight months ago at another hospital. The fractures in his both involved knees occurred through the tibial tunnel and required open reduction with internal fixation. At three weeks after fixation, a second-look arthroscopy revealed intact ACLs in both knees. At five months follow-up, he was able to walk without instability on physical examination. Follow-up radiographs of the patient showed callus formations with healed fractures. PMID:26060613

  13. Bilateral Medial Tibial Plateau Fracture after Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Bae, Ki Cheor; Cho, Chul Hyun; Lee, Kyung Jae; Jeon, Jong Hyuk

    2015-06-01

    Tibial plateau fractures after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are rare, and only isolated cases have been reported. The authors describe a case of bilateral medial tibial plateau fracture following a minor motorcycle accident in a patient who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction in the past. Two years and four months before the accident, the patient underwent an arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction using double-bundle technique on his left knee at a hospital. He had the same surgery using single-bundle technique on his right knee about eight months ago at another hospital. The fractures in his both involved knees occurred through the tibial tunnel and required open reduction with internal fixation. At three weeks after fixation, a second-look arthroscopy revealed intact ACLs in both knees. At five months follow-up, he was able to walk without instability on physical examination. Follow-up radiographs of the patient showed callus formations with healed fractures. PMID:26060613

  14. Results of bypasses to the anterior tibial artery through the interosseous membrane.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, G; Calio, F G; Bertagni, A; Martinelli, V

    1998-08-01

    The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the results of anatomically tunneled grafts to the anterior tibial artery for distal revascularization in terms of patency and limb salvage rates as well as local morbidity, which can lengthen the postoperative hospital stay. Twenty-three patients received 24 bypasses to the anterior tibial artery, with grafts tunneled through the interosseous membrane. The mean age was 67 years; 10 patients were diabetic, 12 were smokers, 9 presented with significant coronary artery disease, and 2 with chronic renal insufficiency. The donor vessel was the common femoral artery in 17 cases, the superficial femoral artery in 4, and the infra-articular popliteal artery in 3. The graft material consisted in the reversed saphenous vein in 4 cases, the non-reversed devalvulated ex situ saphenous vein in 11, composite polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) + inversed saphenous vein in 6, and PTFE alone in 3 cases. No postoperative mortality was observed, nor was there postoperative graft occlusion or need for major amputation. The average postoperative length of stay in the hospital was 9.7 days. Two local surgical wound complications were observed, which did not necessitate a postoperative hospital stay exceeding 15 days. Cumulative primary patency and limb salvage rates at 3 years were 50% and 70%, respectively. Anatomic tunneling of grafts to the anterior tibial artery yields patency and limb salvage rates comparable to those reported in the literature for distal bypasses and, considered overall, an acceptably low local morbidity and short hospital stay. Definitive superiority over externally tunneled grafts, however, is not definitely demonstrated by this study and should be prospectively tested. PMID:9776453

  15. Construction of finite element model and stress analysis of anterior cruciate ligament tibial insertion

    PubMed Central

    Dai, Can; Yang, Liu; Guo, Lin; Wang, Fuyou; Gou, Jingyue; Deng, Zhilong

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The aim of the present study was to develop a more realistic finite element (FE) model of the human anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tibial insertion and to analyze the stress distribution in the ACL internal fibers under load. Methods: The ACL tibial insertions were processed histologically. With Photoshop software, digital images taken from the histological slides were collaged, contour lines were drawn, and different gray values were filled based on the structure. The data were exported to Amira software and saved as “.hmascii” file. This document was imported into HyperMesh software. The solid mesh model generated using HyperMesh software was imported into Abaqus software. The material properties were introduced, boundary conditions were set, and load was added to carry out the FE analysis. Results: The stress distribution of the ACL internal fibers was uneven. The lowest stress could be observed in the ACL lateral fibers under tensile and shear load. Conclusion: The establishment of ACL tibial insertion FE model and mechanical analysis could reveal the stress distribution in the ACL internal fibers under load. There was greater load carrying capacity in the ACL lateral fibers which could sustain greater tensile and shear forces.

  16. Lateral tibial avulsion fractures and disruptions to the anterior cruciate ligament. A clinical study of their incidence and correlation.

    PubMed

    Hess, T; Rupp, S; Hopf, T; Gleitz, M; Liebler, J

    1994-06-01

    Avulsion fractures of the lateral tibial plateau, known as the lateral capsular sign, are increasingly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. This phenomenon, known as the Ségond fracture, is a bony avulsion of the menisco-tibial ligament. Stress, which can lead to an avulsion of this kind, almost always occurs during knee flexion and internal tibial rotation, and in most cases only after damage to the primary ACL stabilizer. Examination of 151 ACL ruptures revealed a Ségond fracture in 9% of patients. Nearly all were caused by sports injuries and, understandably, the accident mechanism always included knee flexion and internal rotation of the tibial. In a similarly large number of other knee injuries without damage to the ACL, only one case of a Ségond fracture was found. This phenomenon, which is easy to detect by radiograph, can thus be regarded as a strong indication of the presence of a ligament injury. PMID:8194233

  17. Optimisation of the posterior stabilised tibial post for greater femoral rollback after total knee arthroplasty—a finite element analysis

    PubMed Central

    Chandran, Nagarajan; Gonzalez, Mark H.; Hilton, Kevin M.; Barmada, Riad; Goldstein, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    Femoral rollback after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is necessary for flexion beyond 90–100°. Femoral rollback in posterior cruciate substituting TKA occurs as a result of the interaction between the femoral cam and tibial post. The geometric design of the cam post mechanism determines the kinematics of rollback. The purpose of this study is to optimise the design of the femoral cam-tibial post articulation through finite element analysis and suggest various design parameters that would optimise femoral rollback. Modifications to the tibial post geometry without changing the relative post position or slope are made. Results are characterised in terms femoral rollback and pressure distribution at the tibial post. Small design modifications to the tibial post are seen to produce large changes in femoral rollback with relatively small accompanying increases in contact pressures at the tibial post. PMID:18594821

  18. Optimisation of the posterior stabilised tibial post for greater femoral rollback after total knee arthroplasty--a finite element analysis.

    PubMed

    Chandran, Nagarajan; Amirouche, Farid; Gonzalez, Mark H; Hilton, Kevin M; Barmada, Riad; Goldstein, Wayne

    2009-06-01

    Femoral rollback after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is necessary for flexion beyond 90-100 degrees. Femoral rollback in posterior cruciate substituting TKA occurs as a result of the interaction between the femoral cam and tibial post. The geometric design of the cam post mechanism determines the kinematics of rollback. The purpose of this study is to optimise the design of the femoral cam-tibial post articulation through finite element analysis and suggest various design parameters that would optimise femoral rollback. Modifications to the tibial post geometry without changing the relative post position or slope are made. Results are characterised in terms femoral rollback and pressure distribution at the tibial post. Small design modifications to the tibial post are seen to produce large changes in femoral rollback with relatively small accompanying increases in contact pressures at the tibial post. PMID:18594821

  19. The Role of Fibers in the Femoral Attachment of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament in Resisting Tibial Displacement

    PubMed Central

    Kawaguchi, Yasuyuki; Kondo, Eiji; Takeda, Ryo; Akita, Keiichi; Yasuda, Kazunori; Amis, Andrew A.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose was to clarify the load-bearing functions of the fibers of the femoral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) attachment in resisting tibial anterior drawer and rotation. Methods A sequential cutting study was performed on 8 fresh-frozen human knees. The femoral attachment of the ACL was divided into a central area that had dense fibers inserting directly into the femur and anterior and posterior fan-like extension areas. The ACL fibers were cut sequentially from the bone: the posterior fan-like area in 2 stages, the central dense area in 4 stages, and then the anterior fan-like area in 2 stages. Each knee was mounted in a robotic joint testing system that applied tibial anteroposterior 6-mm translations and 10° or 15° of internal rotation at 0° to 90° of flexion. The reduction of restraining force or moment was measured after each cut. Results The central area resisted 82% to 90% of the anterior drawer force; the anterior fan-like area, 2% to 3%; and the posterior fan-like area, 11% to 15%. Among the 4 central areas, most load was carried close to the roof of the intercondylar notch: the anteromedial bundle resisted 66% to 84% of the force and the posterolateral bundle resisted 16% to 9% from 0° to 90° of flexion. There was no clear pattern for tibial internal rotation, with the load shared among the posterodistal and central areas near extension and mostly the central areas in flexion. Conclusions Under the experimental conditions described, 66% to 84% of the resistance to tibial anterior drawer arose from the ACL fibers at the central-proximal area of the femoral attachment, corresponding to the anteromedial bundle; the fan-like extension fibers contributed very little. This work did not support moving a single-bundle ACL graft to the side wall of the notch or attempting to cover the whole attachment area if the intention was to mimic how the natural ACL resists tibial displacements. Clinical Relevance There is ongoing debate about how best to reconstruct the ACL to restore normal knee function, including where is the best place for ACL graft tunnels. This study found that the most important area on the femur, in terms of resisting displacement of the tibia, was in the central-anterior part of the femoral ACL attachment, near the roof of the intercondylar notch. The testing protocol did not lead to data that would support using a large ACL graft tunnel that attempts to cover the whole natural femoral attachment area. PMID:25530509

  20. MRI evaluation of tibial tunnel wall cortical bone formation after platelet-rich plasma applied during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Rupreht, Mitja; Vogrin, Matjaž; Hussein, Mohsen

    2013-01-01

    Background After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, formation of cortical sclerotic bone encircling the femoral and tibial tunnel is a part of intratunnel graft healing. During the physiological cascades of soft tissue healing and bone growth, cellular and hormonal factors play an important role. The purpose of this study was to non-invasively but quantitatively assess the effect of intraoperatively applied platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the formation of cortical bone encircling the tibial tunnel. Patients and methods In fifty patients, standard arthroscopic ACL reconstructions were performed. The PRP group (n = 25) received a local application of PRP while the control group (n = 25) did not receive PRP. The proximal tibial tunnel was examined by MRI in the paraxial plane where the portion of the tibial tunnel wall circumference consisting of sclerotic cortical bone was assessed with testing occurring at one, two and a half and six months after surgery. Results At one month after surgery, differences between the groups in the amount of cortical sclerotic bone encircling the tunnel were not significant (p = 0.928). At two and a half months, the sclerotic portion of the tunnel wall in the PRP group (36.2%) was significantly larger than in the control (22.5%) group (p = 0.004). At six months, the portion of sclerotic bone in the PRP group (67.1%) was also significantly larger than in the control (53.5%) group (p = 0.003). Conclusions Enhanced cortical bone formation encircling the tibial tunnel at 2.5 and 6 months after ACL graft reconstruction results from locally applied platelet-rich plasma. PMID:23801907

  1. Technical Note: Double tibial tunnel using quadriceps tendon in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luigi Pederzini; Ezio Adriani; Carolina Botticella; Massimo Tosi

    2000-01-01

    Summary: To avoid complications related to the use of patellar tendon and hamstring (semitendinosus and gracilis) tendon and to create a more anatomic reconstruction, we present a new technique based on the use of quadriceps tendon placed in a single half femoral tunnel and double tibial tunnels. The graft, harvested by a central longitudinal incision, possesses the following characteristics: (1)

  2. Structural Properties of Six Tibial Fixation Methods for Anterior Cruciate Ligament

    E-print Network

    Hull, Maury

    ), and slippage (SL) of six tibial fixation methods. These properties were determined from load enough to avoid failure, and secure enough to resist slippage under cyclic loading during the first 1 of either stiffness, strength, or slippage has the potential to compromise the clinical outcome. A study

  3. A decreased volume of the medial tibial spine is associated with an increased risk of suffering an anterior cruciate ligament injury for males but not females.

    PubMed

    Sturnick, Daniel R; Argentieri, Erin C; Vacek, Pamela M; DeSarno, Michael J; Gardner-Morse, Mack G; Tourville, Timothy W; Slauterbeck, James R; Johnson, Robert J; Shultz, Sandra J; Beynnon, Bruce D

    2014-11-01

    Measurements of tibial plateau subchondral bone and articular cartilage slope have been associated with the risk of suffering anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Such single-plane measures of the tibial plateau may not sufficiently characterize its complex, three-dimensional geometry and how it relates to knee injury. Further, the tibial spines have not been studied in association with the risk of suffering a non-contact ACL injury. We questioned whether the geometries of the tibial spines are associated with non-contact ACL injury risk, and if this relationship is different for males and females. Bilateral MRI scans were acquired on 88 ACL-injured subjects and 88 control subjects matched for sex, age and sports team. Medial and lateral tibial spine geometries were characterized with measurements of length, width, height, volume and anteroposterior location. Analyses of females revealed no associations between tibial spine geometry and risk of ACL injury. Analyses of males revealed that an increased medial tibial spine volume was associated with a decreased risk of ACL injury (OR?=?0.667 per 100?mm(3) increase). Smaller medial spines could provide less resistance to internal rotation and medial translation of the tibia relative to the femur, subsequently increasing ACL strains and risk of ACL injury. PMID:24962098

  4. A Surgical Trick for Adjusting an Inaccurate Guide Pin to the Center of the Tibial Footprint in Anatomic Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Apivatgaroon, Adinun; Chernchujit, Bancha

    2014-01-01

    Anatomic positioning of the graft in anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is the key to improved knee stability, restoration of normal knee kinematics, and the prevention of long-term joint degeneration. We have developed a technique for adjusting inaccurate drill guide placement to the center of the tibial footprint in anatomic single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. This technique can solve the inaccurate drill guide placement problems that may be encountered during this surgical procedure. PMID:24904776

  5. In-vivo Anterior Cruciate Ligament Elongation in Response to Axial Tibial Loads

    E-print Network

    Gill, Thomas J.

    Background: The knowledge of in vivo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deformation is fundamental for understanding ACL injury mechanisms and for improving surgical reconstruction of the injured ACL. This study investigated ...

  6. A comparison of four tibial-fixation systems in hamstring-graft anterior ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Robert, Henri; Bowen, Mark; Odry, Guillaume; Collette, Michel; Cassard, Xavier; Lanternier, Hubert; De Polignac, Thierry

    2015-02-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate at time-zero four tibial fixations on four major criteria: the elongation and cyclic stiffness of the hamstring graft construct under cyclic loading, the yield load and pullout stiffness under load at failure. Four fixation systems were tested: the Delta screw, the WasherLoc, the TightRope Reverse and the tape locking screw on 32 tibiae of adult pigs using 32 pairs of human semitendinosus and gracilis tendons. Two tests were performed: cyclic tests using loads at 70-220 N, to measure the elongation at the end of the cycles, followed by load-to-failure testing to measure the yield load and the cyclic stiffness. The mean elongation was 1.23 mm for the TLS, 3.81 mm for the Delta, 3.59 mm for the WasherLoc and 3.91 mm for the TightRope. The mean yield loads and SD were 1,015 ± 129 N for the TLS, 844 ± 394 N for the Delta, 511 ± 95 N for the WasherLoc and 567 ± 112 N for the TightRope. The results showed the significant superiority of TLS and Delta over WasherLoc and tibial TightRope in regard to yield load. The results showed the significant superiority of TLS over the other fixations in regard to slippage. The TLS system and the Delta screw provide a better quality of primary fixation to the tibia, but further in vitro studies are needed. PMID:24816761

  7. A security evaluation of the Rigid-fix crosses pin system used for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in tibial fixation site

    PubMed Central

    Fan, Huaqiang; Wang, Jian; Fu, Yangpan; Dong, Huixiang; Wang, Jianxiong; Tang, Cong; Huang, Changming; Shi, Zhanjun

    2014-01-01

    Our study aims to evaluate the safeness and feasibility that Rigid-fix cross pin system was used for hamstring graft anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in the tibial fixation site. In this study, eleven adult conservative cadaver knees were performed using the Rigid-fix Cross Pin device in the tibial fixation site for modeling the ACL reconstruction. The guide rod top was put through the tibial tunnel at the three horizontal positions: equal pace to articular facet (group A), the plane 5 mm below articular facet (group B), and the plane 10 mm below articular facet (group C). We gave four rotation positions to the cross-pin guide: 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° slope, referring to the parallel line of the posterior border of tibial plateau. We recorded the iatrogenic damages incidence, in the four different slope angle in the three groups, and then compare the incidence using Chi-Square test. Our results suggested that the incidence of chondral injury of tibial plateau in group B and group C was significantly lower compared to group A (? 2 A-B = 27.077, ? 2 A-C 45.517, P = 0.000); However, there was no significant difference for the incidence penetrating the medial condyle of tibial plateau among the three groups (? 2 = 5.733, P = 0.057); The highest incidence of injuring ligamentum transversum is in group A with 72.7%, especially at the 60° slope angle. In summary, our study suggested that in order to achieve the satisfactory clinical effect for the Rigid-fix system used in the tibia end fixation of ACL reconstruction surgery, the guide rod top should be put at the 5 mm below articular facet with a slope that parallel to the tibial medial plane at 30°-60° slope angle. PMID:25550991

  8. Tibial Tunnel Placement in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions and Graft Impingement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MAJ STEPHEN M. HOWELL; JAMES A. CLARK

    1992-01-01

    Fifty-six anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions had a magnetic resonance scan of the ACL graft six months after operation. The impingement-free grafts (n = 26) had a low mag- netic resonance signal from origin to insertion. Impinged grafts (n = 30) had an increased mag- netic resonance signal confined to the distal two thirds of the graft. The location of

  9. Effect of Fatigue on Hamstring Reflex Responses and Posterior-Anterior Tibial Translation in Men and Women

    PubMed Central

    Behrens, Martin; Mau-Moeller, Anett; Wassermann, Franziska; Bruhn, Sven

    2013-01-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture ranks among the most common injuries in sports. The incidence of ACL injuries is considerably higher in females than in males and the underlying mechanisms are still under debate. Furthermore, it has been suggested that muscle fatigue can be a risk factor for ACL injuries. We investigated gender differences in hamstring reflex responses and posterior-anterior tibial translation (TT) before and after fatiguing exercise. We assessed the isolated movement of the tibia relative to the femur in the sagittal plane as a consequence of mechanically induced TT in standing subjects. The muscle activity of the hamstrings was evaluated. Furthermore, isometric maximum voluntary torque (iMVT) and rate of torque development (RTD) of the hamstrings (H) and quadriceps (Q) were measured and the MVT H/Q as well as the RTD H/Q ratios were calculated. After fatigue, reflex onset latencies were enhanced in women. A reduction of reflex responses associated with an increased TT was observed in females. Men showed no differences in these parameters. Correlation analysis revealed no significant associations between parameters for TT and MVT H/Q as well as RTD H/Q. The results of the present study revealed that the fatigue protocol used in this study altered the latency and magnitude of reflex responses of the hamstrings as well as TT in women. These changes were not found in men. Based on our results, it is conceivable that the fatigue-induced decrease in neuromuscular function with a corresponding increase in TT probably contributes to the higher incidence of ACL injuries in women. PMID:23573178

  10. Evaluation of tibial rotational stability of single-bundle vs. anatomical double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction during a high-demand activity — A quasi-randomized trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Go Misonoo; Akihiro Kanamori; Hirofumi Ida; Syumpei Miyakawa; Naoyuki Ochiai

    The purpose of this study was to compare the tibial rotational stability of anatomical double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed knees with single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed knees during a high-demand activity. Total of 66 subjects, (22 with double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, 22 with single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and 22 healthy control individuals) were examined in this study. Using

  11. Spontaneous patella fracture associated with anterior tibial tubercle pseudarthrosis in a revised knee replacement following knee Arthrodesis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Conversion of a knee arthrodesis to a Total Knee Arthroplasty is an uncommon procedure. Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in this setting presents the surgeon with a number of challenges including the management of the extensor mechanism and patella. Case presentation We describe a unique case of a 69 years old Caucasian man who underwent a revision Total Knee Arthroplasty using a tibial tubercle osteotomy after a previous conversion of a knee arthrodesis without patella resurfacing. Unfortunately 9 months following surgery a tibial tubercle pseudarthrosis and spontaneous patella fracture occurred. Both were managed with open reduction and internal fixation. At 30 months follow-up the tibial tubercle osteotomy had completely consolidated while the patella fracture was still evident but with no signs of further displacement. The patient was completely satisfied with the outcome and had a painless range of knee flexion between 0-95°. Conclusions We believe that patients undergoing this type of surgery require careful counseling regarding the risk of complications both during and after surgery despite strong evidence supporting improved functional outcomes. PMID:24195600

  12. Tibial tunnel and pretibial cysts following ACL graft reconstruction: MR imaging diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Ghazikhanian, Varand; Beltran, Javier; Nikac, Violeta; Feldman, Marina; Bencardino, Jenny T

    2012-11-01

    Tunnel cyst formation is a rare complication after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, usually occurring 1-5 years post-operatively, which may occasionally be symptomatic. There are multiple proposed theories regarding the etiology of tunnel cysts. Theories include necrosis, foreign-body reaction, lack of complete graft osteo-integration, and intravasation of articular fluid. It is important to know if the tunnel cysts are communicating or not communicating with the joint, as surgical management may be different. Imaging characteristics on magnetic resonance images (MRI) include tibial tunnel widening, multilocular or unilocular cyst formation in the graft or tibial tunnel, with possible extension into the pretibial space, intercondylar notch, and/or popliteal fossa. The MR imaging differential diagnosis of tibial tunnel cysts includes infection, foreign-body granuloma, or tibial screw extrusion. Importantly, to the best of our knowledge, graft failure or instability has not been reported in association with tibial tunnel cysts. PMID:22790790

  13. Screening for variations in anterior digastric musculature prior to correction of post-traumatic anterior open bite by injection of botulinum toxin type A: a technical note

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    It has recently been reported that long-standing post-traumatic open bite can be successfully corrected with botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection into the anterior belly of the digastric muscle (ABDM). The report documented an individual with bilaterally symmetrical and otherwise unremarkable anterior digastric musculature. However, the existence of variant anterior digastric musculature is common and may complicate the management of anterior open bite with BTX-A injection. Screening for variant ABDM can be accomplished via ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Screening for variant ABDM should be performed prior to BTX-A injection in order to account for musculature that may exert undesired forces, such as inferolateral deviation, on the anterior mandible in patients with anterior open bite. PMID:26131435

  14. Abnormal tibial position is correlated to early degenerative changes one year following ACL reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Zaid, Musa; Lansdown, Drew; Su, Favian; Pedoia, Valentina; Tufts, Lauren; Rizzo, Sarah; Souza, Richard B; Li, Xiaojuan; Ma, C Benjamin

    2015-07-01

    Altered knee kinematics following ACL reconstruction may predispose patients to the development of early onset post-traumatic osteoarthritis. The goal of our study was to examine the longitudinal interrelationship between altered tibial position relative to the femur and cartilage health measured by quantitative T1? MRI. Twenty-five patients with isolated unilateral ACL injury underwent kinematic and cartilage T1? MRI at baseline prior to ACL reconstruction and then at 1-year post-reconstruction. Tibial position relative to the femur in the anterior-posterior plane was calculated as well as cartilage T1? relaxation values in the injured and uninjured knee. At baseline prior to ACL reconstruction, the tibia was in a significantly more anterior position relative to the femur in the ACL deficient knee compared to the healthy contralateral knee. This difference was no longer present at 1-year follow-up. Additionally, the side-side difference in tibial position correlated to increased cartilage T1? relaxation values in the medial compartment of the knee 1-year post-reconstruction. Altered tibial position following ACL reconstruction is correlated with detectable cartilage degeneration as soon as 1 year following ACL reconstruction. © 2015 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 33:1079-1086, 2015. PMID:25721417

  15. Anatomic double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using double-double tunnel with tibial anterior and posterior fresh-frozen allograft.

    PubMed

    Makino, Arturo; Aponte Tinao, Luis; Ayerza, Miguel Angel; Pascual Garrido, Cecilia; Costa Paz, Matias; Muscolo, Domingo Luis

    2006-06-01

    Techniques for the reconstruction of knee ligaments must restore the injured knee to a satisfactory level of performance. For this, a precise anatomic reconstruction is necessary. Many arthroscopic techniques for reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) have been reported to restore the normal anatomy of the intact PCL using a double-bundle reconstruction with a Y-shaped tendon graft (2 femoral tunnel and 1 tibial tunnel). However, this procedure is sometimes difficult because the graft must be tightened in different grades of flexion to obtain complete strength of both bundles. We thought that double-bundle PCL reconstruction using double-double tunnels (2 femoral and 2 tibial tunnels) would allow an anatomic reconstruction, restoring better knee biomechanics, and probably improving patient outcome. PMID:16762716

  16. Proximal tibial osteophytes and their relationship with the height of the tibial spines of the intercondylar eminence: paleopathological study

    PubMed Central

    Shiehmorteza, Masoud; Trudell, Debra J.; Hefflin, Tori; Resnick, Donald

    2009-01-01

    Objective Tibial spiking (i.e., spurring of tibial spines), eburnation, and osteophytes are considered features of osteoarthritis. This investigation employed direct inspection of the medial and lateral tibial plateaus in paleopathological specimens to analyze the frequency and morphological features of osteoarthritis and to define any relationship between the size of osteophytes and that of the intercondylar tibial spines. Materials and Methods A total of 35 tibial bone specimens were evaluated for the degree of osteoarthritis and presence of eburnation. Each plateau was also divided into four quadrants and the presence and size of bone outgrowths were recorded in each quadrant. The “medial/lateral tibial intercondylar spine index” for each specimen was calculated as follows: (medial/lateral intercondylar tibial spine height)/(anteroposterior width of the superior tibial surface). The relationships between medial and lateral tibial height indexes with the degree of osteoarthritis were then tested. Results Osteophytes were observed more frequently in the anterior quadrants of both tibial plateaus than in the posterior quadrants (29 vs 16 for the medial tibial plateau [p?=?0.01] and 28 vs 20 for the lateral tibial plateau [p?=?0.04]). Eburnation was seen more frequently in the posterior regions of both tibial plateaus than in the anterior regions (17 vs 5, p?tibial index was significantly lower than that in specimens with some degree of osteoarthritis (p?=?0.02). The medial intercondylar tibial index of the specimens with no signs of osteoarthritis was not significantly different from that of the specimens with some degree of osteoarthritis (p?=?0.45). There was a positive correlation between the lateral spine height index and the overall grading of osteoarthritis, (r?=?0.6, p?tibial plateau, the association between the lateral intercondylar tibial spine index and the grade of osteophytes was 0.5 (p?tibial intercondylar spine is associated with osteophyte formation and osteoarthritis. Eburnation occurs mainly in the posterior parts of the tibial plateaus while osteophytes arise mainly in the anterior parts. These findings suggest that stresses occurring in the flexed knee may contribute to many of the morphological abnormalities of osteoarthritis. PMID:19941134

  17. Plyometric and agility training into the regimen of a patient with post-surgical anterior knee pain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leanne Newberry; Mark D. Bishop

    2006-01-01

    ObjectivesThe objective of this case report is to present an approach to clinical outcome assessment for a high-level athlete with post-surgical anterior knee pain. Additionally systematic dosage and patient response to plyometric and agility training exercises is presented.

  18. Post-Learning Infusion of Anisomycin into the Anterior Cingulate Cortex Impairs Instrumental Acquisition through an Effect on Reinforcer Valuation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonkman, Sietse; Everitt, Barry J.

    2009-01-01

    The integrity of the rodent anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is essential for various aspects of instrumental behavior, but it is not clear if the ACC is important for the acquisition of a simple instrumental response. Here, it was demonstrated that post-session infusions of anisomycin into the rat ACC completely prevented the acquisition of…

  19. Bone Tunnel Enlargement After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Replacement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Fahey; Peter A. Indelicato

    1994-01-01

    Radiographic increase in the size of tibial and femoral tunnels has been observed. This retrospective study compared tibial tunnel diameter in 56 autograft and 87 allograft patellar tendon bone-tendon-bone anterior cru ciate ligament replacements whose observed tunnel changes were correlated with clinical results at 1 year postoperatively. Tibial tunnel sclerotic margins were measured approximately 1 cm below the joint line.

  20. Tibial osteotomy in medial gonarthrosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Björn Tjörnstrand; Niels Egund; Bengt Hagstedt; Anders Lindstrand

    1981-01-01

    In a prospective series of 52 knees selected for high tibial osteotomy because of early medial arthrosis, special care was taken to obtain a final over-correction in valgus. The operative procedure and the pre- and post-operative radiographic examinations were standardized and the follow up was 1–3 years. 49 of the 52 knees had obtained a normal or over-corrected mechanical axis.

  1. Glass Fibre-Reinforced Composite Post and Core Used in Decayed Primary Anterior Teeth: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Verma, Leena; Passi, Sidhi

    2011-01-01

    Aesthetic requirement of severely mutilated primary anterior teeth in the case of early childhood caries has been a challenge to pediatric dentist. Among restorative treatment options, prefabricated crown and biological and resin composite restoration either by means of direct or indirect technique are mentioned in the literature. This paper presents the clinical sequence of rehabilitation of maxillary anterior primary teeth. Endodontic treatment was followed by the placement of a glass fibre-reinforced composite resin post. The crown reconstruction was done with composite restoration. Resin glass fibre post has best properties in elasticity, translucency, adaptability, tenaciousness, and resistance to traction and to impact. Along with ease of application, fiber can be used as an alternative to traditionally used materials in the management of early childhood caries. PMID:22567447

  2. Bilateral atraumatic tibial tubercle avulsion fractures: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Khoriati, Al-Achraf; Guo, Shigong; Thakrar, Raj; Deol, Rupinderbir S; Shah, Khalil Y

    2015-04-01

    An avulsion fracture of the tibial tubercle is an uncommon injury, comprising less than 1% of all physeal injuries. The occurrence of such injuries bilaterally is even rarer. We report a case of bilateral atraumatic tibial tubercle avulsion fractures and its presentation, mechanism of injury, surgical management, post-operative rehabilitation and implications for clinical practice. A 17-year-old healthy male presented to the emergency department with severe pain on the anterior aspect of both knees and was unable to walk, having been brought in by ambulance after hearing a crack whilst jogging. On examination, there was significant swelling of both knees which were held in extension. On both sides there was a prominent deformity on the region of the tibial tubercle with a palpable gap, although no open skin wound. He was unable to actively move either knee joint. No neurovascular deficit was present. Plain radiographs revealed bilateral tibial tubercle avulsion fractures. Gentle manipulation was performed in the emergency department to the fragments in order to remove the tension from the skin. The fragments were reduced and fixed surgically with 4mm cannulated screws in an anterior to posterior direction. Both limbs were placed in temporary casts in 20 degrees of flexion. Postoperatively, the patient was kept non-weight bearing for four weeks then placed into a range of motion brace and movement commenced. Full weight bearing was permitted at the one month stage and he was advised to avoid any sporting activity until the 8 week stage and contact sports until the 10 week stage. Full movement of both joints was regained and the patient returned to full sporting activity in the absence of symptoms. This case emphasises the need for a high degree of vigilance when faced with such a presentation and a low threshold for further investigation and surgical intervention. PMID:25638599

  3. Biological Dentin Post for Intra Radicular Rehabilitation of A Fractured Anterior Tooth

    PubMed Central

    Swarupa, C.H; Sajjan, Girija S; Bhupahupathiraju, Vijaya Lakshmi; Anwarullahwarullah, Anupreeta; Y.V, Sashikanth

    2014-01-01

    Ideal coronal reconstruction of endodontically treated tooth is still a challenge for restorative dentistry. Despite having varied types of commercially available posts, none of them meet all the ideal biological and mechanical properties. In this context a “Biological Post” serves as a homologous recipe for intraradicular rehabilitation of a fractured endodontically treated tooth by virtue of its biomimetic property.This case report addresses the esthetic and functional restoration of a fractured, endodontically treated maxillary lateral incisor in a young patient, through the preparation and adhesive cementation of a “Biological Post” made from a freshly extracted, intact human canine. The use of biological post can be considered as a novel alternative technique for the rehabilitation of an extensively damaged tooth. PMID:24701545

  4. Smaller amygdala volume and reduced anterior cingulate gray matter density associated with history of post-traumatic stress disorder.

    PubMed

    Rogers, Mark A; Yamasue, Hidenori; Abe, Osamu; Yamada, Haruyasu; Ohtani, Toshiyuki; Iwanami, Akira; Aoki, Shigeki; Kato, Nobumasa; Kasai, Kiyoto

    2009-12-30

    Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be seen to represent a failure to extinguish learned fear, significant aspects of the pathophysiology relevant to this hypothesis remain unknown. Both the amygdala and hippocampus are necessary for fear extinction occur, and thus both regions may be abnormal in PTSD. Twenty-five people who experienced the Tokyo subway sarin attack in 1995, nine who later developed PTSD and 16 who did not, underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with manual tracing to determine bilateral amygdala and hippocampus volumes. At the time of scanning, one had PTSD and eight had a history of PTSD. Results indicated that the group with a history of PTSD had significantly smaller mean bilateral amygdala volume than did the group that did not develop PTSD. Furthermore, left amygdala volume showed a significant negative correlation with severity of PTSD symptomatology as well as reduced gray matter density in the left anterior cingulate cortex. To our knowledge, this is the first observation of an association between PTSD and amygdala volume. Furthermore the apparent interplay between amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex represents support at the level of gross brain morphology for the theory of PTSD as a failure of fear extinction. PMID:19914045

  5. Lessons learnt from an atypical mycobacterium infection post-anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Ng, Stacy W L; Yee Han, Dave Lee

    2015-03-01

    Infections following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction are rare, with no previous reports citing Mycobacterium abscessus as the culprit pathogen. A 22-year-old man presented twice over three years with a painful discharging sinus over his right tibia tunnel site necessitating repeated arthroscopy and washout, months of antibiotic therapy, and ultimately culminating in the removal of the implants. In both instances, M. abscessus was present in the wound cultures, along with a coinfection of Staphyloccocus aureus during the second presentation. Though rare, M. abscessus is an important pathogen to consider in postoperative wounds presenting with chronic discharging sinuses, even in healthy non-immunocompromised patients. This case illustrates how the organism can cause an indolent infection, and how the removal of implants can be necessary to prevent the persistence of infection. Coinfection with a second organism is not uncommon and necessitates a timely change in treatment regime as well. PMID:25729530

  6. The Effect of Malrotation of Tibial Component of Total Knee Arthroplasty on Tibial Insert during High Flexion Using a Finite Element Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Todo, Mitsugu

    2014-01-01

    One of the most common errors of total knee arthroplasty procedure is a malrotation of tibial component. The stress on tibial insert is closely related to polyethylene failure. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of malrotation of tibial component for the stress on tibial insert during high flexion using a finite element analysis. We used Stryker NRG PS for analysis. Three different initial conditions of tibial component including normal, 15° internal malrotation, and 15° external malrotation were analyzed. The tibial insert made from ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene was assumed to be elastic-plastic while femoral and tibial metal components were assumed to be rigid. Four nonlinear springs attached to tibial component represented soft tissues around the knee. Vertical load was applied to femoral component which rotated from 0° to 135° while horizontal load along the anterior posterior axis was applied to tibial component during flexion. Maximum equivalent stresses on the surface were analyzed. Internal malrotation caused the highest stress which arose up to 160% of normal position. External malrotation also caused higher stress. Implanting prosthesis in correct position is important for reducing the risk of abnormal wear and failure. PMID:24895658

  7. Anterior cruciate ligament- specialized post-operative return-to-sports (ACL-SPORTS) training: a randomized control trial

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is standard practice for athletes that wish to return to high-level activities; however functional outcomes after ACLR are poor. Quadriceps strength weakness, abnormal movement patterns and below normal knee function is reported in the months and years after ACLR. Second ACL injuries are common with even worse outcomes than primary ACLR. Modifiable limb-to-limb asymmetries have been identified in individuals who re-injure after primary ACLR, suggesting a neuromuscular training program is needed to improve post-operative outcomes. Pre-operative perturbation training, a neuromuscular training program, has been successful at improving limb symmetry prior to surgery, though benefits are not lasting after surgery. Implementing perturbation training after surgery may be successful in addressing post-operative deficits that contribute to poor functional outcomes and second ACL injury risk. Methods/Design 80 athletes that have undergone a unilateral ACLR and wish to return to level 1 or 2 activities will be recruited for this study and randomized to one of two treatment groups. A standard care group will receive prevention exercises, quadriceps strengthening and agility exercises, while the perturbation group will receive the same exercise program with the addition of perturbation training. The primary outcomes measures will include gait biomechanics, clinical and functional measures, and knee joint loading. Return to sport rates, return to pre-injury level of activity rates, and second injury rates will be secondary measures. Discussion The results of this ACL-Specialized Post-Operative Return To Sports (ACL-SPORTS) Training program will help clinicians to better determine an effective post-operative treatment program that will improve modifiable impairments that influence outcomes after ACLR. Trial registration Randomized Control Trial NIH 5R01AR048212-07. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01773317 PMID:23522373

  8. Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament ReconstructionA Computer-Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrea Ferretti; Edoardo Monaco; Luca Labianca; Fabio Conteduca; Angelo De Carli

    2008-01-01

    Background: The biomechanical function of single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, in cadaveric studies, is successful in limiting anterior tibial translation in response to an anterior tibial load but seems to be insufficient to control a combined rotator load of internal and valgus torque. Anatomical double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction might produce a better biomechanical outcome.Hypothesis: The addition of the posterolateral

  9. Tibial plateau stress fracture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott A Brumby; Richard Carrington; Shay Zayontz; Tim Reish; Richard D Scott

    2003-01-01

    Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty has gained popularity recently as a treatment for unicompartmental tibiofemoral non inflammatory arthritis. Tibial plateau stress fracture after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) through guide pin holes placed in the proximal tibia has not been previously reported. In each case in this report, the compressive strength of the proximal tibia was reduced by the drilling of multiple holes

  10. Cartilage Pressure Distributions Provide a Footprint to Define Female Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Mechanisms

    PubMed Central

    Quatman, Carmen E.; Kiapour, Ali; Myer, Gregory D.; Ford, Kevin R.; Demetropoulos, Constantine K.; Goel, Vijay K.; Hewett, Timothy E.

    2012-01-01

    Background Bone bruises located on the lateral femoral condyle and posterolateral tibia are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and may contribute to the high risk for knee osteoarthritis after ACL injury. The resultant footprint (location) of a bone bruise after ACL injury provides evidence of the inciting injury mechanism. Purpose/Hypothesis (1) To analyze tibial and femoral articular cartilage pressure distributions during normal landing and injury simulations, and (2) to evaluate ACL strains for conditions that lead to articular cartilage pressure distributions similar to bone bruise patterns associated with ACL injury. The hypothesis was that combined knee abduction and anterior tibial translation injury simulations would demonstrate peak articular cartilage pressure distributions in the lateral femoral condyle and posterolateral tibia. The corollary hypothesis was that combined knee abduction and anterior tibial translation injury conditions would result in the highest ACL strains. Study Design Descriptive laboratory study. Methods Prospective biomechanical data from athletes who subsequently suffered ACL injuries after testing (n = 9) and uninjured teammates (n = 390) were used as baseline input data for finite element model comparisons. Results Peak articular pressures that occurred on the posterolateral tibia and lateral femoral condyle were demonstrated for injury conditions that had a baseline knee abduction angle of 5°. Combined planar injury conditions of abduction/anterior tibial translation, anterior tibial translation/internal tibial rotation, or anterior tibial translation/external tibial rotation or isolated anterior tibial translation, external tibial rotation, or internal tibial rotation resulted in peak pressures in the posterolateral tibia and lateral femur. The highest ACL strains occurred during the combined abduction/anterior tibial translation condition in the group that had a baseline knee abduction angle of 5°. Conclusion The results of this study support a valgus collapse as the major ACL injury mechanism that results from tibial abduction rotations combined with anterior tibial translation or external or internal tibial rotations. Clinical Relevance Reduction of large multiplanar knee motions that include abduction, anterior translation, and internal/external tibial motions may reduce the risk for ACL injuries and associated bone bruises. In particular, prevention of an abduction knee posture during initial contact of the foot with the ground may help prevent ACL injury. PMID:21487121

  11. Anterior cruciate ligament functional brace use in sports.

    PubMed

    Wojtys, E M; Kothari, S U; Huston, L J

    1996-01-01

    The routine use of functional knee braces in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient, injured, or reconstructed knee, lacks biomechanical support. Although subjective reports favoring bracing are plentiful, objective proof of significant control of tibial translation is not. This in vivo study was designed to assess the effect of six popular braces on anterior tibial translation, isokinetic performance, and neuromuscular function in five chronically unstable anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knees. A knee stress test was performed on a specially designed device that allowed free tibial movement while monitoring anterior tibial translation and muscle function in the quadriceps, hamstring, and gastrocnemius muscles. Results show that braces can decrease anterior tibial translation between 28.8% and 39.1% without the stabilizing contractions of the hamstring, quadriceps, and gastrocnemius muscles. With lower extremity muscle activation and bracing, anterior tibial translation was decreased between 69.8% and 84.9%. Some improvement in spinal level muscle reaction times was seen with brace use, especially in the quadriceps muscle. Unfortunately, most braces appear to consistently slow hamstring muscle reaction times at the voluntary level. PMID:8827316

  12. High Tibial Osteotomy

    PubMed Central

    Byun, Seong Joon

    2012-01-01

    High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a widely performed procedure to treat medial knee arthrosis. In general, published studies on HTO report good long-term results with a correct patient selection and a precise surgical technique. The ideal candidate for an HTO is a middle aged patient (60 to 65 years of age), with isolated medial osteoarthritis, with good range of motion and without ligamentous instability. Some issues that need resolution remain; these include the choice between opening and closing wedge tibial osteotomy, the graft selection in opening wedge osteotomies, the type of fixation, the comparison with unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and whether HTO significantly affects a subsequent total joint replacement. Precise indication, preoperative planning, and operative technique selection are essential to achieve good results. PMID:22708105

  13. Question: In patients requiring a post and core restoration on an anterior tooth, with a fractured anterior tooth, will a custommade post and core restoration, as compared to a prefabricated post and core

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    to the teeth was a single force, unlike mastication. The authors of this study did a good job of mentioning teeth. Summary of Findings First author Study Design Brief summary of conclusions of findings GomezPolo Comparative study No significant difference between metal prefabricated posts and cast

  14. Dynamic Contact Stress Patterns on the Tibial Plateaus during Simulated Gait: A Novel Application of Normalized Cross Correlation

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Hongsheng; Chen, Tony; Torzilli, Peter; Warren, Russell; Maher, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    The spatial distribution and pattern of local contact stresses within the knee joint during activities of daily living have not been fully investigated. The objective of this study was to determine if common contact stress patterns exist on the tibial plateaus of human knees during simulated gait. To test this hypothesis, we developed a novel normalized cross-correlation (NCC) algorithm and applied it to the contact stresses on the tibial plateaus of twelve human cadaveric knees subjected to multi-directional loads mimicking gait. The contact stress profiles at different locations on the tibial plateaus were compared, where regions with similar contact stress patterns were identified across specimens. Three consistent regional patterns were found, among them two most prominent contact stress patterns were shared by 9 to 12 of all the knees and the third pattern was shared by 6 to 8 knees. The first pattern was located at the posterior aspect of the medial tibial plateau and had a single peak stress that occurred during the early stance phase. The second pattern was located at the central-posterior aspects of the lateral plateau and consisted of two peak stresses coincident with the timing of peak axial force at early and late stance. The third pattern was found on the anterior aspect of cartilage-to-cartilage contact region on the medial plateau consisted of double peak stresses. The differences in the location and profile of the contact stress patterns suggest that the medial and lateral menisci function to carry load at different points in the gait cycle: with the posterior aspect of the medial meniscus consistently distributing load only during the early phase of stance, and the posterior aspect of the lateral meniscus consistently distributing load during both the early and late phases of stance. This novel approach can help identify abnormalities in knee contact mechanics and provide a better understanding of the mechanical pathways leading to post-traumatic osteoarthritis. PMID:24342497

  15. Patellofemoral contact pressure following high tibial osteotomy: a cadaveric study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karl Stoffel; Craig Willers; Omar Korshid; Markus Kuster

    2007-01-01

    Patella infera is a known complication of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) that can cause anterior knee pain due to excessive stresses\\u000a associated with abnormal patellofemoral (PF) joint biomechanics. However, the translation of these abnormal biomechanics to\\u000a native cartilage pressure has not been explored. The present study was designed to compare the PF contact pressures of three\\u000a different HTOs in a

  16. Medial and lateral gonarthrosis treated with high tibial osteotomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. J. Jokio; T. S. Lindholm; E. Vankka

    1985-01-01

    A prospective series comprising 52 knees in 48 patients suffering from medial or lateral unicompartmental gonarthrosis and treated by means of high tibial osteotomy shows, by comparing mechanical axis (MA) 0° corrected knees, how important is the overcorrection of the MA into valgus in medial osteoarthritis. The clinical results were significantly correlated to overcorrection, the results 2 years post-operatively being

  17. Tibial shaft fractures treated with the AO unreamed tibial nail

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S Kutty; M Farooq; D Murphy; C Kelliher; F Condon; JP McElwain

    2003-01-01

    Background The AO unreamed tibial nail (UTN) has been used for both open and closed tibial fractures. The reported results have been\\u000a mixed. We evaluated its outcome in our unit.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Aim To assess the outcome of tibial shaft fractures treated with the AO UTN.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Forty-eight patients underwent intramedullary nailing between 1995 and 2000 using the AO UTN. Follow-up details

  18. Serial dilation versus extraction drilling in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a biomechanical study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. G. Sørensen; B. W. Jakobsen; S. Kold; T. B. Hansen; K. Søballe

    2010-01-01

    The hamstring tendon graft has become increasingly popular in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction because of low donor-site\\u000a morbidity. However, the tibial fixation is considered difficult, mainly because of low tibial mineral bone density. Therefore,\\u000a we tested whether preparation of the tibial tunnel with compaction by serial dilation provided a stronger anchorage of the\\u000a graft–fixation-device complex than does traditional extraction drilling

  19. Tibial loading after UKA: evaluation of tibial slope, resection depth, medial shift and component rotation.

    PubMed

    Small, Scott R; Berend, Michael E; Rogge, Renee D; Archer, Derek B; Kingman, Amanda L; Ritter, Merrill A

    2013-10-01

    With increased precision in alignment offered by new generations of instrumentation and customized guides, this study was designed to establish a biomechanically-based target alignment for the balance of tibial loading in order to diminish the likelihood of pain and subsidence related to mechanical overload post-UKA. Sixty composite tibias were implanted with Oxford UKA tibial components with varied sagittal slope, resection depth, rotation and medial shift using patient matched instrumentation. Digital image correlation and strain gage analysis was conducted in static loading to evaluate strain distribution as a result of component alignment. In this model, minimal distal resection and most lateral positioning, neutral component rotation, and 3° of slope (from mechanical axis) exhibited the most balanced strain response to loading following UKA. PMID:23518429

  20. Comparative Evaluation of the Reinforcing Effect of Different Post Systems in the Restoration of Endodontically Treated Human Anterior Teeth at Two Different Lengths of Post Space Preparation- An in Vitro Study

    PubMed Central

    Jindal, Sahil; Jindal, Ritu; Gupta, Kanika; Mahajan, Sandeep; Garg, Sunidhi

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Comparative evaluation of the reinforcing effect of different post systems in the restoration of endodontically treated human anterior teeth at two different lengths of post space preparation- an in vitro study Materials and Methods: 135 extracted human incisors were endodontically treated, out of which 120 teeth were decoronated 2mm above the cementoenamel junction and divided into four experimental groups based on the post system to be used: Glass fiber post (GFP) and stainless steel post (SSP), titanium post (TTP), cast metal post (CMP). Each group was divided into two sub-groups according to the length of post space preparation: 5mm and 10mm. All the samples were restored with metal crowns. The fracture resistance was measured by applying loads at an angle of 135º to the long axis of teeth in an instron universal testing machine. Fracture mode was analyzed for all the samples. Results from the four test groups were compared and analysed using one-way ANOVA test and the Post-hoc Bonferroni test to demonstrate differences between pairs of groups. Results: The results revealed that SSP group at 10mm post space length showed the significantly (“P-value< 0.05”) highest fracture resistance (793.7787 N). Decrease in post length resulted in the decrease in fracture resistance in all the groups reduced to values even lesser than the control (437.8733N). Conclusion: The different post systems used in the study were able to reinforce endodontically treated teeth only at 10mm post space length. PMID:23724211

  1. The forces in the anterior cruciate ligament and knee kinematics during a simulated pivot shift test: A human cadaveric study using robotic technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akihiro Kanamori; Savio L. Y. Woo; C. Benjamin Ma; Jennifer Zeminski; Theodore W. Rudy; Guoan Li; Glen A. Livesay

    2000-01-01

    Purpose: Although it is well known that the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a primary restraint of the knee under anterior tibial load, the role of the ACL in resisting internal tibial torque and the pivot shift test is controversial. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of these 2 external loading conditions on the kinematics of

  2. Reliability of Intra-articular Rotational Axes at Standard Tibial Resection Level and Effect of Resecting Distally.

    PubMed

    Sunnassee, Yoshvin; Zhang, Henghui; Southern, Edward P; Wang, Yi; Shen, Yuhui

    2015-06-01

    We determine the most reliable tibial intra-articular axis for rotational alignment of the tibial component at the standard resection level and at a distal resection level. The angles between the surgical transepicondylar axis and posterior condylar line, perpendicular to Akagi line, tibial anterior condylar line (ACL), and tibial maximum mediolateral line were measured at the standard resection level and 5?mm distal to the standard resection level. All axes exhibited relatively large standard deviations and ranges at the standard and distal resection level. t-test showed that there was a statistically significant difference (p?tibial component alignment. PMID:25029465

  3. Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with quadriceps tendon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Carlos Noronha

    2002-01-01

    The author describes the technique he uses to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) arthroscopically with autologous bone–quadriceps tendon (BQT) graft. The patellar bone is fixed in a femoral tunnel about 2.5 cm long, in a position that allows the tendinous extremity of the graft to appear on the extra-articular exit of the tibial tunnel. The tibial tunnel is filled,

  4. The effect of posterior tibial slope on knee stability after Ortholoc total knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Whiteside, L A; Amador, D D

    1988-01-01

    The effect of posterior tibial slope was evaluated in a rotationally unconstrained anterior cruciate ligament-sacrificing total knee replacement (Ortholoc, Dow Corning Wright, Arlington, TN). Sloping the surface 7 degree posteriorly loosened the knee to varus-valgus and anterior-posterior stress in flexion. Eliminating posterior slope improved varus-valgus stability in flexion but slightly increased anterior-posterior laxity in extension. Values for the 3 degree posterior slope knee were between the values for 0 degree and 7 degree sloped surfaces, but not significantly different statistically from either. Total knee replacement designs with a posterior tibial slope are likely to promote anterior-posterior and varus-valgus laxity in flexion, and those with no posterior slope or 3 degree posterior slope are most likely to achieve normal stability in flexion and extension. PMID:3199140

  5. Effects of different double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions on femur stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hong-Guang Zheng; Rong-Ying Huang; Qiang Xu; Hai-Dong Zheng

    2011-01-01

    No quantitative data were reported in the literature regarding the effects of different techniques in double-bundle ACL reconstruction on femur stress. In this study models of the intact , double-femoral double-tibial tunnel the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (DF-DT), single-femoral double-tibial tunnel the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (SF-DT) were built at flexion angles of 0°, 25°, 60° and 80° based on

  6. [Posterior tibial tenoscopy. Case report].

    PubMed

    Cuélar-Avaroma, A; King-Hayata, M; Martínez-de Anda, M C; King-Martinez, A C

    2014-01-01

    Posterior tibial tendinitis occurs commonly in patients involved in sports activities. It may result from either excessive use or sudden overload of the tendon. This tendinitis may also occur in patients with systemic inflammatory conditions and is classified as posterior tibial tendon dysfunction stage I. Initial treatment, which has produced good results, is based on immobilization and rehabilitation. In cases without clinical improvement or in which tendinitis is associated with partial tendon rupture, open techniques may be used to perform tenosynovectomy and tendon revisions to improve painful symptoms. With the advent of minimally invasive techniques broad tendon revisions may be done that cause minimal damage or they may be combined with traditional techniques in cases of partial rupture. This paper describes the clinical case of a 35 year-old female patient with posterior tibial pathology and chronic pain. She underwent posterior tibial tenoscopy and was followed-up postoperatively for 24 months. Endoscopic and/or tenoscopic treatment is a simple and reproducible technique. We obtained excellent functional and cosmetic results in this patient. We need larger case series of patients subjected to this treatment. PMID:26016290

  7. Smaller amygdala volume and reduced anterior cingulate gray matter density associated with history of post-traumatic stress disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark A. Rogers; Hidenori Yamasue; Osamu Abe; Haruyasu Yamada; Toshiyuki Ohtani; Akira Iwanami; Shigeki Aoki; Nobumasa Kato; Kiyoto Kasai

    2009-01-01

    Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be seen to represent a failure to extinguish learned fear, significant aspects of the pathophysiology relevant to this hypothesis remain unknown. Both the amygdala and hippocampus are necessary for fear extinction occur, and thus both regions may be abnormal in PTSD. Twenty-five people who experienced the Tokyo subway sarin attack in 1995, nine who

  8. Biomechanical Comparison of Anatomic Double-Bundle, Anatomic Single-Bundle, and Nonanatomic Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eiji Kondo; Azhar M. Merican; Kazunori Yasuda; Andrew A. Amis

    2011-01-01

    Background: Although both anatomic double-bundle and single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction procedures are in use, it remains controversial whether the anatomic double-bundle procedure is biomechanically superior.Hypothesis: The anatomic double-bundle procedure would be better than both laterally placed anatomic and nonanatomic trans-tibial single-bundle procedures at restoring to normal the tibial anterior translation, internal rotation, and pivot-shift instability. It was also hypothesized

  9. Treatment of tibial eminence fractures: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Bogunovic, Ljiljana; Tarabichi, Majd; Harris, David; Wright, Rick

    2015-06-01

    Fractures of the tibial eminence are rare, accounting for less than 1% of the injuries involving the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Most agree that nondisplaced fractures can be managed nonoperatively, but debate exists over the ideal treatment of displaced fractures. This systematic review evaluates the outcome of nonoperatively and operatively managed displaced tibial eminence fractures. The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were queried. Inclusion criteria included reported outcomes of displaced tibial eminence fractures, minimum 2-year follow-up, and English language. Outcomes reported were pooled and included the following: clinical instability (Lachman/anterior drawer, pivot shift, and KT 1000), patient-reported pain and/or instability, return to sport, Lysholm, Tegner, and the need for ACL reconstruction. Comparison was made in the outcomes of nonoperatively and operatively treated fractures and between suture and screw fixation techniques. Overall 16 studies met the inclusion criteria. The pooled mean age was 23 years and mean follow-up was 35 months. Clinical instability was seen in 70% of nonoperatively treated patients and 14% of operatively treated patients (p?

  10. [Post-traumatic knee degeneration].

    PubMed

    Aubriot, J H

    1998-10-15

    Degenerative changes and arthritis are one of the most important sequelae after knee injury. The reasons of deterioration of the cartilage are different in each injury. After fractures the most important pejorative factors are incongruity of the articular surface and malunion specially in varus deformities. With long term follow up the arthrosis is observed between 15 and 50%, dependent of the localisations and the gravity of the injury. After menisco-ligamentous injury the kinematic of the knee is disturbed and the medial femoro-tibial compartment is too overlead specially when the meniscus was resected and when the patient has a morphology in genu varum. With long term follow up the arthrosis is observed between 15 and 20%. The early repair of the anterior cruciate ligamentous and the "meniscal economy" can predict significative decrease. The treatment of this knee post-traumatic arthrosis is essentially based on the good balance of frontal femoro-tibial stress by osteotomy. When the osteo-ligamentous lesions are diffuse and important, it's possible to propose a semi-contained total prosthesis. PMID:9834658

  11. Backside wear of Miller-Galante I and Insall-Burstein II tibial inserts.

    PubMed

    Taki, Naoya; Goldberg, Victor M; Kraay, Matthew J; Rimnac, Clare M

    2004-11-01

    The objective of this study was to determine if there was a difference in the amount, type, and location of backside wear in the Miller-Galante I and Insall-Burstein II PE tibial inserts. A secondary objective was to determine if backside wear damage in these two designs was a function of clinical factors (patient height, weight, gender, age, and length of time of implantation), shelf life of the PE tibial insert, and tibial component thickness. Backside wear damage was assessed on 24 Miller-Galante I and 11 Insall-Burstein II tibial inserts (implantation time, 0.5-12.4 years). For both groups combined, implantation time was positively correlated to wear damage and to PE peg height into screw holes. The Miller-Galante I group had significantly larger PE pegs than the Insall-Burstein II group. The Miller-Galante I group had significantly more burnishing and larger PE pegs posteriorly than anteriorly. There was no correlation between insert shelf life before initial surgery and backside wear. The thinner the component, the larger the total damage scores in the Miller-Galante I group. This study supports the hypothesis that backside wear of PE tibial inserts may be influenced by design and component thickness and by clinical factors. PMID:15534543

  12. Kinematic Analysis of Five Different Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Techniques.

    PubMed

    Gadikota, Hemanth R; Hosseini, Ali; Asnis, Peter; Li, Guoan

    2015-06-01

    Several anatomical anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques have been proposed to restore normal joint kinematics. However, the relative superiorities of these techniques with one another and traditional single-bundle reconstructions are unclear. Kinematic responses of five previously reported reconstruction techniques (single-bundle reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft [SBR-BPTB], single-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [SBR-HST], single-tunnel double-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [STDBR-HST], anatomical single-tunnel reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [ASTR-HST], and a double-tunnel double-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [DBR-HST]) were systematically analyzed. The knee kinematics were determined under anterior tibial load (134 N) and simulated quadriceps load (400 N) at 0°, 15°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of flexion using a robotic testing system. Anterior joint stability under anterior tibial load was qualified as normal for ASTR-HST and DBR-HST and nearly normal for SBR-BPTB, SBR-HST, and STDBR-HST as per the International Knee Documentation Committee knee examination form categorization. The analysis of this study also demonstrated that SBR-BPTB, STDBR-HST, ASTR-HST, and DBR-HST restored the anterior joint stability to normal condition while the SBR-HST resulted in a nearly normal anterior joint stability under the action of simulated quadriceps load. The medial-lateral translations were restored to normal level by all the reconstructions. The internal tibial rotations under the simulated muscle load were over-constrained by all the reconstruction techniques, and more so by the DBR-HST. All five ACL reconstruction techniques could provide either normal or nearly normal anterior joint stability; however, the techniques over-constrained internal tibial rotation under the simulated quadriceps load. PMID:26060604

  13. Kinematic Analysis of Five Different Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Techniques

    PubMed Central

    Gadikota, Hemanth R; Hosseini, Ali; Asnis, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Several anatomical anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques have been proposed to restore normal joint kinematics. However, the relative superiorities of these techniques with one another and traditional single-bundle reconstructions are unclear. Kinematic responses of five previously reported reconstruction techniques (single-bundle reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft [SBR-BPTB], single-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [SBR-HST], single-tunnel double-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [STDBR-HST], anatomical single-tunnel reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [ASTR-HST], and a double-tunnel double-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [DBR-HST]) were systematically analyzed. The knee kinematics were determined under anterior tibial load (134 N) and simulated quadriceps load (400 N) at 0°, 15°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of flexion using a robotic testing system. Anterior joint stability under anterior tibial load was qualified as normal for ASTR-HST and DBR-HST and nearly normal for SBR-BPTB, SBR-HST, and STDBR-HST as per the International Knee Documentation Committee knee examination form categorization. The analysis of this study also demonstrated that SBR-BPTB, STDBR-HST, ASTR-HST, and DBR-HST restored the anterior joint stability to normal condition while the SBR-HST resulted in a nearly normal anterior joint stability under the action of simulated quadriceps load. The medial-lateral translations were restored to normal level by all the reconstructions. The internal tibial rotations under the simulated muscle load were over-constrained by all the reconstruction techniques, and more so by the DBR-HST. All five ACL reconstruction techniques could provide either normal or nearly normal anterior joint stability; however, the techniques over-constrained internal tibial rotation under the simulated quadriceps load. PMID:26060604

  14. Comparison of insertional trauma between suprapatellar and infrapatellar portals for tibial nailing.

    PubMed

    Gaines, Robert J; Rockwood, Jason; Garland, Joshua; Ellingson, Christopher; Demaio, Marlene

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine differences in insertional articular trauma in infrapatellar tibial portal and suprapatellar portal intramedullary tibial nail insertion techniques. A cadaveric study was performed on 10 matched pairs of fresh-frozen adult cadaver lower extremities with intact extensor mechanisms. Two study groups with 10 limbs each were created: left lower limbs were treated with a standard medial parapatellar nailing portal and right lower limbs were treated with a suprapatellar tibial nailing portal. Start points were created under fluoroscopic guidance in anteroposterior and mediolateral planes. A start wire was placed and opening reaming was performed on the specimens using instrumentation specific to the nailing portal. Specimens were then dissected by medial parapatellar arthrotomy, revealing the intra-articular condition of the knee structures. The border of the tibial entry reamer hole was measured to the anterior horns of the menisci, anterior cruciate ligament root, and intermeniscal ligament using a digital caliper accurate to 0.02 mm. The structure was considered damaged if the structure was obviously damaged on visual inspection or if a measurement was less than 1 mm. Impact to intra-articular structures was numerically lower in the suprapatellar group (2/10) compared with the infrapatellar group (4/10), but the difference was not statistically significant between the 2 groups (P=.629). The suprapatellar portal approach to the tibial start point demonstrated a lower overall incidence of damage to intra-articular structures, but no significant statistical difference existed between the 2 treatment groups. PMID:24025006

  15. Distal tibial physeal bridge: a complication from a tension band plate and screw construct. Report of a case.

    PubMed

    Oda, Jon E; Thacker, Mihir M

    2013-05-01

    We report on a case of a tension band plate and screw construct (Eight Plate) used over the anterior distal tibia in an 9-year-old girl in an attempt to induce recurvatum of the ankle joint to correct a recalcitrant equinus deformity. With growth of the distal tibial physis, the epiphyseal screw was drawn through the physis into the distal tibial metaphysis, resulting in the creation of a transphyseal bony bar. Caution should be exercised when attempting temporary hemiepiphyseodesis using a plate and screw construct in small epiphyses or in an osteopenic bone. PMID:22158054

  16. One-stage anatomic double bundle anterior and posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Acar, Baver; Ba?ar?r, Kerem; Armangil, Mehmet; Binnet, Mehmet Serdar

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Main evidence of the heavy knee dislocations is the rupture of both Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL). There are limited sources for the treatment of both ligaments at a single stage. Materials-method: One-staged anatomic double-bundle ACL and PCL reconstruction technique has been applied to 2 cases aged 20 and 36 with traumatic knee dislocation. Lateral collateral ligament and posteriolateral corner reconstruction added to one case, and medial collateral ligament and posteriomedial corner reconstruction for the other case. Because of additional femur fractures of the both cases, ligament reconstructions have been applied after the main treatment. Anterior tibialis tendon (ATT) allograft has been used for graft for both cases because of other stabilization deficiencies of knees. It has been confirmed that femoral and tibial tunnels constructed with anatomic double-bundle technique are fitting to anatomic locations by the post-operation CT results. Post fixation screw has been used for tibia, and endobutton at femur. Results: Tracking records of patients at 8th month shows that; Lysholm score of the case aged 20 was 89, and 85 for the case aged 36. While KT-1000 values was 3.7 mm, and 4.1 mm for 15 N power; and 9.1 mm-9.6 mm with the maximum power. Conclusion: Surgical technical details of one-staged double-bundle reconstruction for ACL and PCL injuries which is gaining popularity recently has been stated. PMID:25419422

  17. The effect of simulated tibial deformities on the ankle joint during the gait cycle.

    PubMed

    Wagner, K S; Tarr, R R; Resnick, C; Sarmiento, A

    1984-01-01

    The effect of angular deformities of the tibial shaft on the area, location, and shape of the ankle joint contact during the normal extremes in the gait cycle was studied with the use of a cadaveric model. Six lower limbs were first examined radiographically and found to be free of pathology. These specimens were then stripped of soft tissues proximal to the ankle joint and had a custom-designed universal joint-plate inserted into the tibia at the proximal, middle, or distal third level. An anterior ankle arthrotomy was performed, and pressure sensitive film was inserted into the tibiotalar joint. Load was then applied with the ankle set in dorsiflexion or plantarflexion via metal wedges, and tibial deformities of 5, 10, and 15 degrees were simulated in varus, valgus, anterior bow, and posterior bow. Contact area and location changes were noted to be of greater magnitude with proximal and distal third tibial deformities than with middle third deformities. Varus and valgus deformities showed smaller contact area changes than anterior or posterior bow deformities. Contact area changes tended to be larger in dorsiflexion compared to plantarflexion for each level and degree of tibial angulation. Posterior bow deformities at all levels resulted in greater changes in contact area and shape than other deformities. The role of subtalar compensation, stiffness of the foot-ankle complex, and geometric factors are all thought to influence the changes noted. On the basis of this experimental study it would appear that angular deformity of the tibia less than 10 degrees would not significantly alter ankle joint contact. PMID:6519604

  18. Anterior chamber depth during hemodialysis

    PubMed Central

    Gracitelli, Carolina Pelegrini Barbosa; Stefanini, Francisco Rosa; Penha, Fernando; Góes, Miguel Ângelo; Draibe, Sérgio Antonio; Canziani, Maria Eugênia; Junior, Augusto Paranhos

    2013-01-01

    Background Exacerbation of chronic glaucoma or acute glaucoma is occasionally observed in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) because of anterior chamber depth changes during this therapy. Purpose To evaluate anterior chamber depth and axial length in patients during HD sessions. Methods A total of 67 eyes of 35 patients were prospectively enrolled. Axial length and anterior chamber depth were measured using ultrasonic biometry, and these measures were evaluated at three different times during HD sessions. Body weight and blood pressure pre- and post-HD were also measured. Results There was no difference in the axial length between the three measurements (P = 0.241). We observed a significantly decreased anterior chamber depth (P = 0.002) during HD sessions. Conclusion Our results support the idea that there is a change in anterior chamber depth in HD sessions. PMID:23976841

  19. Anterior Compartment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donna Y. Deng; Matthew P. Rutman; Larissa V. Rodriguez; Shlomo Raz

    The goal of repair is to restore pelvic anatomic support of the anterior vaginal wall. This is rarely an independent surgery.\\u000a Often, surgery entails addressing incontinence as well as prolapse of the uterus and posterior compartment. The end result\\u000a must restore anatomy and function by restoring normal vaginal axis and depth while preserving urinary, bowel, and sexual function.\\u000a Treatment of

  20. Changes in the Length of Virtual Anterior Cruciate Ligament Fibers During Stability TestingA Comparison of Conventional Single-Bundle Reconstruction and Native Anterior Cruciate Ligament

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert H. Brophy; James E. Voos; Fintan J. Shannon; Carinne C. Granchi; Thomas L. Wickiewicz; Russell F. Warren; Andrew D. Pearle

    2008-01-01

    Background: Conventional tunnel positions for single-bundle (SB) transtibial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are located in the posterolateral (PL) tibial footprint and the anteromedial (AM) femoral footprint, resulting in an anatomic mismatch graft that is more vertical than native fibers. This vertical mismatch position may significantly influence the ability of an ACL graft to stabilize the knee.Hypothesis: Anatomic ACL fibers

  1. Topography of human ankle joint: focused on posterior tibial artery and tibial nerve

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Deog-Im; Kim, Yi-Suk

    2015-01-01

    Most of foot pain occurs by the entrapment of the tibial nerve and its branches. Some studies have reported the location of the tibial nerve; however, textbooks and researches have not described the posterior tibial artery and the relationship between the tibal nerve and the posterior tibial artery in detail. The purpose of this study was to analyze the location of neurovascular structures and bifurcations of the nerve and artery in the ankle region based on the anatomical landmarks. Ninety feet of embalmed human cadavers were examined. All measurements were evaluated based on a reference line. Neurovascular structures were classified based on the relationship between the tibial nerve and the posterior tibial artery. The bifurcation of arteries and nerves were expressed by X- and Y-coordinates. Based on the reference line, 9 measurements were examined. The most common type I (55.6%), was the posterior tibial artery located medial to the tibial nerve. Neurovascular structures were located less than 50% of the distance between M and C from M at the reference line. The bifurcation of the posterior tibial artery was 41% in X-coordinate, -38% in Y-coordinate, and that of the tibial nerve was 48%, and -10%, respectively. Thirteen measurements and classification showed statistically significant differences between both sexes (P<0.05). It is determined the average position of neurovascular structures in the human ankle region and recorded the differences between the sexes and amongst the populations. These results would be helpful for the diagnosis and treatment of foot pain.

  2. Knee joint accessory motion following anterior cruciate ligament allograft reconstruction: a preliminary report.

    PubMed

    Jenkins, W L; Munns, S W; Loudon, J

    1998-07-01

    Early in the postoperative period, changes in tibial translation have been noted in patient populations following anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive surgery. Deformation due to a lengthening of the ligament graft has been the most widely accepted reason for the change in tibial translation. Treatment techniques have not been proven successful in the abatement or reversal of this graft lengthening. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of functional bracing on tibial translation during the first year postoperatively in a group of patients with early changes in tibial translation. Three consecutive patients with early increases in KT-2000 manual maximum total drawer following bone-patellar tendon-bone allograft reconstruction were identified as subjects in the control group. Five consecutive anterior cruciate ligament bone-patellar tendon-bone allografts with early increases in KT-2000 manual maximum total drawer were identified as subjects in the treatment group. These patients were followed monthly during the first year postoperatively by manual maximum total drawer KT-2000 testing. Criteria for inclusion in the treatment and control groups included KT-2000 testing, with an increase in translation of greater than or equal to 2 mm when compared with the uninvolved knee during the first year postoperatively. The treatment group was required to wear a functional knee brace during all weight-bearing activities until KT-2000 displacement measures were stabilized for 3 consecutive months. Treatment with the functional brace resulted in a mean 2.3-mm decrease in tibial translation in the manual maximum total drawer KT-2000 when comparing the involved and uninvolved knee prebracing with posttreatment. All five subjects in the treatment group had a decrease in tibial translation. A Median Test comparing the control and treatment group's KT-2000 scores was significant at the p < .05 level. Patients who experience early increases in tibial translation with anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions may be assisted in a reduction of the displacement by the use of a functional brace. PMID:9653688

  3. Physiological effects of selective tibial neurotomy on lower limb spasticity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Fève; P Decq; P Filipetti; J Verroust; A Harf; J P N’Guyen; Y Keravel

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVESTo assess by electrophysiology the effect of tibial selective neurotomy on muscle imbalance of the spastic ankle.METHODThe amplitudes of the H reflexes, M responses (muscle contractions recorded after stimulation of the tibial nerve), and Hmax:Mmax ratio were recorded in 12 patients with chronic lower limb spasticity, before and one month after tibial selective neurotomy. Recordings were done on medial and

  4. Tibiales Malalignment bei Mobile-bearing-Prothesen

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Löer; W. Plitz

    2003-01-01

    Zusammenfassung  \\u000a Insbesondere eine korrekte knöcherne tibiale Achsausrichtung kann als Grundvoraussetzung für das Langzeitüberleben von Knieendoprothesen\\u000a angesehen werden.Da prospektive In-vivo-Untersuchungen von Fehlimplantationen aus ethischen Gründen nicht in Frage kommen,wurde\\u000a die Studie an einem Kniegelenksimulator durchgeführt. Untersucht wurde eine Mobile-bearing-Knieendoprothese hinsichtlich eines\\u000a tibialen Malalignments im Sinne einer Varus- bzw. Valgusfehlstellung von jeweils 1–3°, sowie einer Referenzuntersuchung in\\u000a idealer Positionierung. Ausgeprägtere tibiale Verkippungen

  5. Insufficiency fractures of the tibial plateau

    SciTech Connect

    Manco, L.G.; Schneider, R.; Pavlov, H.

    1983-06-01

    An insufficiency fracture of the tibial plateau may be the cause of knee pain in patients with osteoporosis. The diagnosis is usually not suspected until a bone scan is done, as initial radiographs are often negative or inconclusive and clinical findings are nonspecific and may simulate osteoarthritis or spontaneous osteonecrosis. In five of 165 patients referred for bone scans due to nontraumatic knee pain, a characteristic pattern of intense augmented uptake of radionuclide confined to the tibial plateau led to a presumptive diagnosis of insufficiency fracture, later confirmed on radiographs.

  6. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Preservation: The Single-Anteromedial Bundle Biological Augmentation (SAMBBA) Technique.

    PubMed

    Sonnery-Cottet, Bertrand; Freychet, Benjamin; Murphy, Colin G; Pupim, Barbara H B; Thaunat, Mathieu

    2014-12-01

    Preservation of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remnant during ACL reconstruction has the advantages of improved vascularity and synovial encircling of the graft tendon. We describe a technique called single-anteromedial bundle biological augmentation (SAMBBA) using complete preservation of the ACL remnant, as well as preservation of the semitendinosus tibial insertion, that uses standard portals and equipment. PMID:25685675

  7. Knee stability and graft function following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Comparison between 11 o'clock and 10 o'clock femoral tunnel placement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John C. Loh; Yukihisa Fukuda; Eiichi Tsuda; Richard J. Steadman; Freddie H. Fu; Savio L. Y. Woo

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: To study how well an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft fixed at the 10 and 11 o'clock positions can restore knee function in response to both externally applied anterior tibial and combined rotatory loads by comparing the biomechanical results with each other and with the intact knee. Type of Study: Biomechanical experiment using human cadaveric specimens. Methods: Ten human

  8. Diagnostic Value of Knee Arthrometry in the Prediction of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Strain During Landing

    PubMed Central

    Kiapour, Ata M.; Wordeman, Samuel C.; Paterno, Mark V.; Quatman, Carmen E.; Levine, Jason W.; Goel, Vijay K.; Demetropoulos, Constantine K.; Hewett, Timothy E.

    2014-01-01

    Background Previous studies have indicated that higher knee joint laxity may be indicative of an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Despite the frequent clinical use of knee arthrometry in the evaluation of knee laxity, little data exist to correlate instrumented laxity measures and ACL strain during dynamic high-risk activities. Purpose/Hypotheses The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between ACL strain and anterior knee laxity measurements using arthrometry during both a drawer test and simulated bipedal landing (as an identified high-risk injurious task). We hypothesized that a high correlation exists between dynamic ACL strain and passive arthrometry displacement. The secondary hypothesis was that anterior knee laxity quantified by knee arthrometry is a valid predictor of injury risk such that specimens with greater anterior knee laxity would demonstrate increased levels of peak ACL strain during landing. Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Methods Twenty cadaveric lower limbs (mean age, 46 ± 6 years; 10 female and 10 male) were tested using a CompuKT knee arthrometer to measure knee joint laxity. Each specimen was tested under 4 continuous cycles of anterior-posterior shear force (±134 N) applied to the tibial tubercle. To quantify ACL strain, a differential variable reluctance transducer (DVRT) was arthroscopically placed on the ACL (anteromedial bundle), and specimens were retested. Subsequently, bipedal landing from 30 cm was simulated in a subset of 14 specimens (mean age, 45 ± 6 years; 6 female and 8 male) using a novel custom-designed drop stand. Changes in joint laxity and ACL strain under applied anterior shear force were statistically analyzed using paired sample t tests and analysis of variance. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationship between anterior shear force, anterior tibial translation, and ACL strain. Results During simulated drawer tests, 134 N of applied anterior shear load produced a mean peak anterior tibial translation of 3.1 ± 1.1 mm and a mean peak ACL strain of 4.9% ± 4.3%. Anterior shear load was a significant determinant of anterior tibial translation (P <.0005) and peak ACL strain (P = .04). A significant correlation (r = 0.52, P <.0005) was observed between anterior tibial translation and ACL strain. Cadaveric simulations of landing produced a mean axial impact load of 4070 ± 732 N. Simulated landing significantly increased the mean peak anterior tibial translation to 10.4 ± 3.5 mm and the mean peak ACL strain to 6.8% ± 2.8% (P <.0005) compared with the prelanding condition. Significant correlations were observed between peak ACL strain during simulated landing and anterior tibial translation quantified by knee arthrometry. Conclusion Our first hypothesis is supported by a significant correlation between arthrometry displacement collected during laxity tests and concurrent ACL strain calculated from DVRT measurements. Experimental findings also support our second hypothesis that instrumented measures of anterior knee laxity predict peak ACL strain during landing, while specimens with greater knee laxity demonstrated higher levels of peak ACL strain during landing. Clinical Relevance The current findings highlight the importance of instrumented anterior knee laxity assessments as a potential indicator of the risk of ACL injuries in addition to its clinical utility in the evaluation of ACL integrity. PMID:24275863

  9. Tantalum is a good bone graft substitute in tibial tubercle advancement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mariano Fernandez-Fairen; Virginia Querales; Alexander Jakowlew; Antonio Murcia; Jorge Ballester

    2010-01-01

    Background  Porous tantalum is reportedly a good substitute for structural bone graft in several applications. So far, its use has not\\u000a been reported in tibial tuberosity anteriorization (TTA) for treatment of isolated degenerative chondral lesions of the patellofemoral\\u000a joint.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Questions\\/Purposes  We asked whether the use of this material would produce similar standardized functional scores, pain (VAS), fusion rates,\\u000a complications, and patient satisfaction

  10. Posterior Tibial Labrum Injury in a Professional Soccer Player: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Batista, Jorge Pablo; Del Vecchio, Jorge Javier; Maestu, Rodrigo

    2014-11-21

    Ankle ligament injuries are one of the most frequent lesions identified in professional soccer players. In most cases, the ligaments involved are the anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneal fibular ligament. In the present report, we describe a professional soccer player who sustained an ankle sprain that did not respond to initial therapy. The findings from radiographic and magnetic resonance images were inconclusive. Ultimately, rupture of the posterior, transverse ligament with avulsion of the tibial labrum was identified as the cause of his ongoing ankle pain. Confirmation of the pathologic findings and successful treatment were performed arthroscopically. PMID:25459088

  11. Tibial shaft fractures in football players

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Winston R Chang; Zain Kapasi; Susan Daisley; William J Leach

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Football is officially the most popular sport in the world. In the UK, 10% of the adult population play football at least once a year. Despite this, there are few papers in the literature on tibial diaphyseal fractures in this sporting group. In addition, conflicting views on the nature of this injury exist. The purpose of this paper is

  12. Post-traumatic acute hallux valgus: a case report.

    PubMed

    Johal, S; Sawalha, S; Pasapula, C

    2010-01-01

    Hallux valgus and tibial fractures are common conditions in trauma and orthopaedics. To date, there has been no report of acute hallux valgus developing secondary to a tibial fracture. We report the case of acute post-traumatic hallux valgus due to compression of the medial plantar nerve in the tarsal tunnel. PMID:20573500

  13. Lateral versus medial tibial plateau: morphometric analysis and adaptability with current tibial component design.

    PubMed

    Servien, E; Saffarini, M; Lustig, S; Chomel, S; Neyret, Ph

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the in vivo dimensions of each tibial plateau for planning of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), and to compare the morphometric data to the dimensions of nine current designs of UKA tibial components. Thirty-seven knees (31 females and 6 males) operated on with UKA were studied. All patients were examined postoperatively using computed tomography (CT). There were 18 lateral and 19 medial UKAs. On the CT scan, each operated tibial plateau was measured in the transverse plane at the resection level, just below the full polyethylene tibial component. We measured the length of the anteroposterior (AP) cut as well as the maximal mediolateral dimension of the resected plateau (perpendicular to the AP cut). We compared the measurements with nine current UKA systems: Accuris (Smith and Nephew), Advance (Wright Medical), HLS Uni Evolution (Tornier), Miller-Galante and "ZUK" (Zimmer), Oxford and Oxford alpha (Biomet), Preservation (DePuy) and Unix (Stryker). There was good correlation between patient height and mediolateral dimension (r=0.6), and between patient height and area of total tibial plateau (r=0.7). The anteroposterior dimension was greater for the medial plateau (mean 50.8 mm, SD 3.3) than for the lateral plateau (mean 47.2 mm, SD 3.3). This difference was statistically significant (P=0.0016). Some UKA implants are designed with an asymmetric femoral component, but none have an asymmetric tibial component. The present study suggests, however, that the shape of the medial tibial plateau differs from that of the lateral plateau. This difference can lead to mediolateral overhang for medial UKA, if the surgeon aims for optimal anteroposterior coverage. PMID:18779949

  14. Anatomical double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Zelle, Boris A; Brucker, Peter U; Feng, Matthew T; Fu, Freddie H

    2006-01-01

    A careful review of the literature suggests that a significant number of patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have less than optimal results. Although overall outcomes of ACL reconstruction are favourable, there remains considerable room for improvement. Anatomically, the ACL consists of two major functional bundles, the anteromedial and the posterolateral bundle. Biomechanically, both bundles contribute significantly to the anterior and the rotational stability of the knee. Therefore, anatomical double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques may further improve the outcomes in ACL surgery. Our preferred technique for arthroscopic double-bundle ACL reconstruction includes the use of two femoral and two tibial tunnels to restore both the anteromedial and the posterolateral bundle of the ACL and their anatomical footprints at their tibial and femoral insertion site. We use two tibialis anterior tendon allografts for the restoration of the two ACL bundles. Clinical long-term outcome studies may focus on the evaluation of functional outcomes, restoration of anterior and rotational knee stability, and the risk of degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee joint following anatomical double-bundle ACL reconstruction versus single-bundle ACL reconstruction. PMID:16464119

  15. Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament ReconstructionA Comparison of Conventional, Central, and Horizontal Single-Bundle Virtual Graft Positions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert H. Brophy; Andrew D. Pearle

    2009-01-01

    Background: Conventional endoscopic single-bundle transtibial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction from the posterolateral tibial footprint to the anteromedial femoral footprint results in a vertical graft. A more oblique horizontal graft from the anteromedial tibial footprint to the posterolateral femoral footprint may offer a better alternative for all endoscopic ACL reconstruction.Hypothesis: When compared with a conventional ACL single-bundle position, the horizontal

  16. Intravitreal implant migration into anterior chamber in a post-vitrectomy eye with central retinal vein occlusion and persistent macular edema.

    PubMed

    Turaka, Kiran; Kwong, Henry M; De Souza, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    The authors report the case of a 76-year-old man with a history of central retinal vein occlusion with persistent macular edema in the pseudophakic left eye, which was vitrectomized after complicated retinal detachment surgery. Two weeks after treatment with an intravitreal dexamethasone implant, the implant migrated into the anterior chamber. Visual acuity was hand motion in the right eye and 20/40 in the left eye with corneal edema. One week later, the implant relocated back into the vitreous cavity without surgical intervention, with a marked decrease in corneal edema and improved visual acuity (20/30) in the left eye. Weak zonules and posture change may have caused implant migration in this patient. PMID:23402344

  17. Biomechanical Solutions in Tibial Malleolus Fracture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oprisan, C.; Budescu, E.; Cotoros, V.

    This paper presents a biomechanical analysis of three solutions with implants in fracture fixation of tibial malleolus, on the mechanical strength testing. Samples were tested in mechanical traction, the forces revealed the minimum threshold from which start the phenomenon of bone destruction and maximum forces that destroyed the fractured fragments achieved by fixation elements. Experimental tests showed the best technical solution of the three, namely that consists of two Kirschner pins, cortical screws and wire tightening.

  18. Intraneural ganglion cyst of the tibial nerve

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Adn; A. Hamlat; X. Morandi; Y. Guegan

    2006-01-01

    Summary  Intraneural ganglion cyst of the tibial nerve is very rare. To date, only 5 cases of this entity in the popliteal fossa have\\u000a been reported. We report a new case and review the previously reported cases. A 40-year-old man experienced a mild vague pain\\u000a in the medial half of his right foot for 3 years. Magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated

  19. Biomechanical comparison of anatomic double-bundle, anatomic single-bundle, and nonanatomic single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Kondo; A. M. Merican; K. Yasuda; A. A. Amis

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although both anatomic double-bundle and single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction procedures are in use, it remains controversial whether the anatomic double-bundle procedure is biomechanically superior. HYPOTHESIS: The anatomic double-bundle procedure would be better than both laterally placed anatomic and nonanatomic transtibial single-bundle procedures at restoring to normal the tibial anterior translation, internal rotation, and pivot-shift instability. It was also

  20. COPYRIGHT 2005 BY THE JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY, INCORPORATED Early Tension Loss in an Anterior

    E-print Network

    Hull, Maury

    the tensile force is transferred to the intra-articular portion of the graft and whether the intra-articular loss in intra-articular graft tension from friction, insertion of the tibial fixation device, and three to a soft-tissue anterior cruciate ligament graft is not transferred intra-articularly and is not maintained

  1. Comparison of the operation of arthroscopic tibial inlay and traditional tibial inlay for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Daifeng; Xiao, Mochao; Lian, Yongyun; Zhou, Yong; Liu, Xuefeng

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To perform dual-bundle reconstruction of posterior cruciate ligament using full arthroscopic tibial inlay technology with self-designed tibia tunnel drilling system and to compare the effect of arthroscopic tibial inlay versus traditional technique for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Material and methods: 32 patients were randomly divided into experiment group (improved tibial inlay, n = 17) and control group (traditional tibial inlay, n = 15). Self-designed tibia tunnel drill system was used to produce intraoperative deep-limited bone tunnel. During follow-up, the location of the bone block and the healing situation were checked by knee X-ray and spiral CT scan. Blood loss, operation time and nerve vascular injuries were evaluated. Results: Mean intraoperative blood loss was 123.53 ± 74.05 ml in the improved tibial inlay group compared with 332 ± 114.26 ml in the traditional tibial inlay group (t = 6.12, P < 0.05). Mean operation time was 235.27 ± 58.88 min in the improved tibial inlay group compared with 346.37 ± 59.67 min in the traditional tibial inlay group (t = 5.19, P < 0.05). Posterior drawer test were negative in 15 cases, slight positive in 2 with improved tibial inlay technique compared with 14 negative cases and 2 positive cases of traditional tibial Inlay technique. The X-ray and spiral CT scan showed the location of the bone block were perfect and healed well with the patent who received improved tibial inlay technology after 12 weeks postoperatively. Conclusion: Accurate depth-limited bone tunnel can be produced by the tibia tunnel drill system with minor trauma, less bleeding and reducing of nerves or vessels and the recent clinical effects of PCL reconstruction were pretty good. PMID:25419349

  2. Roentgen stereophotogrammetry in high tibial osteotomy for gonarthrosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Björn Tjörnstrand; Göran Selvik; Niels Egund; Anders Lindstrand

    1981-01-01

    In three cases operated with high tibial osteotomy for medial gonarthrosis the exact method of roentgen stereophotogrammetry with tantalum balls as bone markers (Selvik 1974) was used to study angular and translational movements in three dimensions at the operation and during the healing period. Tibial osteotomy caused angular and translational movements even in planes where correction was not intended, and

  3. Tibial plateau stress fracture: a complication of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty using 4 guide pinholes.

    PubMed

    Brumby, Scott A; Carrington, Richard; Zayontz, Shay; Reish, Tim; Scott, Richard D

    2003-09-01

    Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty has gained popularity recently as a treatment for unicompartmental tibiofemoral non inflammatory arthritis. Tibial plateau stress fracture after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) through guide pin holes placed in the proximal tibia has not been previously reported. In each case in this report, the compressive strength of the proximal tibia was reduced by the drilling of multiple holes for the placement of guide pins and holes for the lugs of the tibia component resulting in fracture through these holes between 3 and 18 weeks (median 8 weeks) post-operatively. In at least one case, the medial tibial cortex was violated by one pin. All cases required revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It is intuitive to caution against the use of multiple guide holes in the proximal tibia in UKA. If 3 or more hole pins are deemed necessary, surgeons must be aware of the potential for stress fracture and monitor patients accordingly. Peripheral pins that infract the medial tibial cortex should also be avoided. PMID:14513460

  4. Poststimulation inhibition of the micturition reflex induced by tibial nerve stimulation in rats

    PubMed Central

    Matsuta, Yosuke; Roppolo, James R.; de Groat, William C.; Tai, Changfeng

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of tibial nerve stimulation (TNS) on the micturition reflex. Experiments were conducted in 24 rats under urethane anesthesia. A catheter was inserted into the bladder via the bladder dome for saline infusion. A cuff electrode was placed around right tibial nerve for stimulation. TNS (5 Hz, 0.2 msec pulse width) at 2–4 times the threshold (T) intensity for inducing a toe movement was applied either during slow (0.08 mL/min) infusion of the bladder or for 30 min with an empty bladder. TNS had no effect on the micturition reflex when it was applied during slow bladder infusion. However, the 30?min TNS applied with an empty bladder induced poststimulation inhibition and significantly (P < 0.05) increased the bladder capacity to about 140% of prestimulation level in a 50?min period following the termination of stimulation. The bladder compliance was also significantly (P < 0.05) increased after the 30?min TNS. These results suggest that different mechanisms might exist in acute? and post?TNS inhibition of micturition reflex. The animal model developed in this study will be very useful for further investigations of the neurotransmitter mechanisms underlying tibial neuromodulation of bladder function. PMID:24744884

  5. Arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with quadriceps tendon composite autograft.

    PubMed

    Kim, D W; Kim, J O; You, J D; Kim, S J; Kim, H K

    2001-05-01

    At present, no single graft option clearly outperforms another. Autografts (patellar tendon, hamstring) and allografts (Achilles tendon, patellar tendon) are the grafts most often used. However, each grafts has advantages and disadvantages. Quadriceps tendon graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is not new, but an alternative composite graft is introduced here that consists of quadriceps tendon-patellar bone and bone obtained from a coring reamer used to create the tibial tunnel. This composite graft retains reduced morbidity while allowing the secure bone-to-bone fixation associated with bone-patellar tendon-bone graft. PMID:11337727

  6. Effects of twisting of the graft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Elmans, L; Wymenga, A; van Kampen, A; van der Wielen, P; Mommersteeg, T J A; Blankevoort, L

    2003-04-01

    In an in vitro study on six knees from cadavers, the effect of bone-patellar tendon-bone graft twist on anterior knee laxity was measured at different knee flexion angles. A motion and loading rig was used to prescribe the flexion angle, to restrain axial rotation, and to apply 100 N anterior force to the tibia. Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis was used to measure the relative anteroposterior position of the tibia and femur. The tibial bone block was cemented in a cylinder that allowed rotation in the bone tunnel. The anterior cruciate ligament was transected and reconstructed with neutral, 90 degrees, and 150 degrees internal twists and 90 degrees and 150 degrees external twists. External and internal graft twists in the reconstruction resulted in significant reductions of anterior laxity, however, at the cost of a more posterior position of the unloaded tibia relative to the femur (anteroposterior-error). The results are explained by the anterior relocation of the graft insertion by twisting the tibial bone block. The inclination angle of the graft in the anteroposterior direction flattens, which could improve the anterior laxity. A consequent side effect is the increase of posterior shift of the tibia relative to the femur. PMID:12671513

  7. Early fracture of a bioabsorbable tibial interference screw after ACL reconstruction with subsequent chondral injury.

    PubMed

    Hall, Michael P; Hergan, David M; Sherman, Orrin H

    2009-03-01

    Graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is commonly performed with bioabsorbable devices. This article presents a case of a broken bioabsorbable tibial interference screw (Gentle Threads; Biomet, Warsaw, Indiana) that presented as an intra-articular loose body 4 months after ACL reconstruction with posterior tibialis tendon allograft. A 19-year-old man presented with symptoms of pain and catching for 1 week but reported no history of trauma. The broken screw tip was identified on magnetic resonance imaging examination, and the remaining screw appeared to be overinserted into the tibia. During arthroscopic removal, a 10-mm screw tip was found in the lateral gutter. The ACL graft was found to be well fixed, but small areas of chondral damage were found in the patellofemoral and medial compartment. The patient's symptoms resolved postoperatively. To our knowledge, this is the earliest report of a broken bioabsorbable interference screw and only the second report of subsequent chondral injury due to intra-articular migration. Although rare, late breakage and intra-articular migration of bioabsorbable interference screws should be considered during the postoperative evaluation of any patient with pain or mechanical symptoms, regardless of trauma. This case also supports the importance of both measurement of tibial tunnel length and inspection of the intercondylar notch following interference screw insertion. Orthopedic surgeons performing ACL reconstruction must be aware of this possible complication and its potential for devastating chondral injury. PMID:19309052

  8. Adhesion of flexor hallucis longus at the site of a tibial-shaft fracture--a cause of a checkrein deformity.

    PubMed

    Yuen, C P; Lui, T H

    2015-03-01

    Post-traumatic adhesion of toe flexors at the tibial fracture site resulted in checkrein deformity is rare and only a few case reports or case series were reported in the English literature. Major differential diagnosis includes deep compartment syndrome or adhesion of the muscle due to various causes. We are not able to conclude what is the best treatment option. Open exploration and adhesiolysis at the adhesion site together with tendon lengthening at the distal tibial level is a feasible surgical option with satisfactory result. PMID:25682418

  9. Bilateral Anterior Shoulder Dislocation

    PubMed Central

    Siu, Yuk Chuen; Lui, Tun Hing

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Unilateral anterior shoulder dislocation is one of the most common problems encountered in orthopedic practice. However, simultaneous bilateral anterior dislocation of the shoulders is quite rare. Case Presentation: We report a case of a 75-year-old woman presented with simultaneous bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation following a trauma, complicated with a traction injury to the posterior cord of the brachial plexus. Conclusions: Bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation is very rare. The excessive traction force during closed reduction may lead to nerve palsy. Clear documentation of neurovascular status and adequate imaging before and after a reduction should be performed. PMID:25685749

  10. Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Screw Fixation in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chizari, Mahmoud; Wang, Bin; Snow, Martyn; Barrett, Mel

    2008-09-01

    This paper reports the results of an experimental and finite element analysis of tibial screw fixation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The mechanical properties of the bone and tendon graft are obtained from experiments using porcine bone and bovine tendon. The results of the numerical study are compared with those from mechanical testing. Analysis shows that the model may be used to establish the optimum placement of the tunnel in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by predicting mechanical parameters such as stress, strain and displacement at regions in the tunnel wall.

  11. The distinct prediction standards for radiological assessments associated with soft tissue injuries in the acute tibial plateau fracture.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jun; Wei, Jie; Wang, Manyi

    2015-07-01

    The goal of this study was to assess the incidence of soft tissue injury in the tibial plateau fracture by magnetic resonance image (MRI) and reveal the relationship between the articular widening/depression and the risk of meniscus and ligament disorder. A total of 54 patients with tibial plateau fracture were indicated for operative intervention. Soft tissue injuries were assessed by MRI. Meniscus, anterior/posterior cruciate ligaments and medial/lateral collateral ligaments injuries on MRI were evaluated. The articular widening/depression was measured in picture archiving and communication systems. Schatzker classification of fracture types was not significantly associated with soft tissue injuries. The rates of soft tissue injury in types IV and II (respectively, 85.7 and 74.1 %) were higher than those in other types. The meniscus injury was the most common soft tissue damage, and the incidence of meniscus injury was 55.6 %. When LPDCT and LPWCT were, respectively, about 7.6 mm and 10.1 mm and LPDX-ray and LPWX-ray, respectively, 5.6 and 7.4 mm, more attention should be paid on the collateral and cruciate ligament injuries in types I, II and III. Furthermore, when LPWCT and LPWX-ray were, respectively, about 10.3 and 8.6 mm, the collateral and cruciate ligaments were susceptible to injury in types IV and V. In conclusion, tibial plateau fracture can occur high morbidity of soft tissue injury, including meniscus and ligament disorder. X-ray and CT scan had different predicting standards for soft tissue injury, and the articular widening/depression in the tibial plateau was associated with meniscus and ligament injuries. PMID:25749752

  12. Results of Transphyseal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Patellar Tendon Autograft in Tanner Stage 3 or 4 Adolescents with Clearly Open Growth Plates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Donald Shelbourne; Tinker Gray; Bryan V. Wiley

    2004-01-01

    Background: Drilling across the physes for intra-articular anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is considered risky for skeletally immature patients.Hypothesis: Skeletally immature patients with clearly open growth plates can safely undergo intra-articular anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft without suffering growth plate disturbance.Study Design: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data.Methods: Surgery involved drilling tunnels through the tibial and femoral physes,

  13. High tibial osteotomy: closed wedge versus combined wedge osteotomy

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background High tibial osteotomy is a common procedure to treat symptomatic osteoarthritis of the medial compartment of the knee with varus alignment. This is achieved by overcorrecting the varus alignment to 2-6° of valgus. Various high tibial osteotomy techniques are currently used to this end. Common procedures are medial opening wedge and lateral closing wedge tibial osteotomies. The lateral closing wedge technique is a primary stable correction with a high rate of consolidation, but has the disadvantage of bone loss and change in tibial condylar offset. The medial opening wedge technique does not result in any bone loss but needs to be fixated with a plate and may cause tibial slope and medial collateral ligament tightening. A relatively new technique, the combined valgus high tibial osteotomy, claims to include the advantages of both techniques without bone loss. Aim of this prospective randomized trial is to compare the lateral closing wedge with the combined wedge osteotomy in patients with symptomatic varus osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods/design A group of 110 patients with osteoarthritis of the medial compartment of the knee with 6-12° varus malalignment over 18 years of age are recruited to participate a randomized controlled trial. Patients are randomized to undergo a high tibial osteotomy, with either a lateral closing wedge technique or a combined wedge osteotomy technique. Primary outcome measure is achievement of an overcorrection of 4° valgus after one year of surgery, assessed by measuring the hip-knee-ankle angle. Secondary objectives are radiological scores and anatomical changes after high tibial osteotomy; pain, functional scores and quality of life will also be compared. Discussion Combined high tibial osteotomy modification avoids metaphyseal tibial bone loss, decreasing transposition of the tibial condyle and shortening of the patellar tendon after osteotomy, even in case of great correction. The clinical results of the combined wedge osteotomy technique are very promising. Hypothesis is that the combined wedge osteotomy technique will achieve more accurate overcorrection of varus malalignment with fewer anatomical changes of the proximal tibia after one year. Trial registration Dutch Trial Registry (Netherlands trial register): NTR3898. PMID:24721597

  14. Understanding the etiology of the posteromedial tibial stress fracture.

    PubMed

    Milgrom, Charles; Burr, David B; Finestone, Aharon S; Voloshin, Arkady

    2015-09-01

    Previous human in vivo tibial strain measurements from surface strain gauges during vigorous activities were found to be below the threshold value of repetitive cyclical loading at 2500 microstrain in tension necessary to reduce the fatigue life of bone, based on ex vivo studies. Therefore it has been hypothesized that an intermediate bone remodeling response might play a role in the development of tibial stress fractures. In young adults tibial stress fractures are usually oblique, suggesting that they are the result of failure under shear strain. Strains were measured using surface mounted unstacked 45° rosette strain gauges on the posterior aspect of the flat medial cortex just below the tibial midshaft, in a 48year old male subject while performing vertical jumps, staircase jumps and running up and down stadium stairs. Shear strains approaching 5000 microstrain were recorded during stair jumping and vertical standing jumps. Shear strains above 1250 microstrain were recorded during runs up and down stadium steps. Based on predictions from ex vivo studies, stair and vertical jumping tibial shear strain in the test subject was high enough to potentially produce tibial stress fracture subsequent to repetitive cyclic loading without necessarily requiring an intermediate remodeling response to microdamage. PMID:25933941

  15. Quantification of the role of tibial posterior slope in knee joint mechanics and ACL force in simulated gait.

    PubMed

    Marouane, H; Shirazi-Adl, A; Hashemi, J

    2015-07-16

    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a common knee joint injury with higher prevalence in female athletes. In search of contributing mechanisms, clinical imaging studies of ACL-injured individuals versus controls have found greater medial-lateral posterior tibial slope (PTS) in injured population irrespective of the sex and in females compared to males, with stronger evidence on the lateral plateau slope. To quantify these effects, we use a lower extremity musculoskeletal model including a detailed finite element (FE) model of the knee joint to compute the role of changes in medial and/or lateral PTS by ±5° and ±10° on knee joint biomechanics, in general, and ACL force, in particular, throughout the stance phase of gait. The model is driven by reported kinematics/kinetics of gait in asymptomatic subjects. Our predictions showed, at all stance periods, a substantial increase in the anterior tibial translation (ATT) and ACL force as PTS increased with reverse trends as PTS decreased. At mid-stance, for example, ACL force increased from 181N to 317N and 460N as PTS increased by 5° and 10°, respectively, while dropped to 102N and 0N as PTS changed by -5° and -10°, respectively. These effects are caused primarily by change in PTS at the tibial plateau that carries a larger portion of joint contact force. Steeper PTS is a major risk factor, especially under activities with large compression, in markedly increasing ACL force and its vulnerability to injury. Rehabilitation and ACL injury prevention programs could benefit from these findings. PMID:25920895

  16. Chronic changes in the rabbit tibial plateau following blunt trauma to the tibiofemoral joint.

    PubMed

    Isaac, Daniel I; Meyer, Eric G; Kopke, Kaitlyn S; Haut, Roger C

    2010-06-18

    The knee is often a site of injury that can often lead to a chronic disease known as osteoarthritis (OA). The disease may be initiated, in part, by acute injuries to joint cartilage and its cells. In a recent study by this laboratory, using Flemish Giant rabbits, an impact compressive load on the tibial femoral joint was shown to cause significant levels of acute damage to chondrocytes in cartilage of the medial and lateral tibial plateaus. In the current study, using the same model, histological and mechanical data from the plateaus were documented at 6 and 12 months post impact, and compared to the unimpacted control limbs and a limb from unimpacted, control animals. The mechanical properties of cartilage were measured with indentation relaxation tests on the medial and lateral plateaus in regions covered and uncovered by the meniscus. The histological studies on impacted limbs showed surface lesions on both plateaus, thickening of the underlying subchondral bone at 12 months and numerous occult microcracks at the calcified cartilage-subchondral bone interface at 6 and 12 months, without significant changes in cartilage thickness or its mechanical properties versus controls. Yet, there was an increase in both the matrix and fiber moduli and a decrease in the permeability of uncovered, medial plateau cartilage in both limbs of impacted animals between 6 and 12 months post impact that was not documented in control animals. PMID:20399435

  17. An experimental technique for the investigation of three-dimensional stress in bone cement underlying a tibial plateau.

    PubMed

    Little, E G; O'Keefe, D

    1989-01-01

    The technique of experimental model testing was applied to the analysis of stress at selected sites in bone cement underlying a tibial plateau. The investigation utilized a large model knee fabricated from materials which had mechanical properties similar to the actual tibial plateau and acrylic cement but which did not duplicate adequately the complexity of bone. A porous interface was created in the model between the materials representing the bone and cement. Three-dimensional strain rosettes were embedded into the cement and the model was loaded in a varus or valgus mode. Overloading resulted in breakdown of the modelled anterior and part of the posterior cement-bone interfaces, producing non-linear and in some cases erratic strains in the anterior section but repeatable linear results in the posterior section. The investigation highlighted the necessity for three-dimensional strain gauge investigations as opposed to two-dimensional studies. It is suggested that the approach could provide comparative information about different products and form the basis for a valuable design tool. PMID:2712951

  18. Reduced bone tunnel enlargement post hamstring ACL reconstruction with poly- l-lactic acid\\/hydroxyapatite bioabsorbable screws

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Robinson; Chris Huber; Paul Jaraj; Philippe Colombet; Michel Allard; Philippe Meyer

    2006-01-01

    Bone tunnel enlargement following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can complicate revision surgery. This study compared postoperative tibial tunnel widening in patients who underwent arthroscopically assisted, single-incision, four-strand hamstring ACL reconstruction using a poly-l-lactic acid\\/hydroxyapatite blend (PLLA+HA) bioabsorbable interference screw for tibial fixation, with those in whom a plain poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) screw was used. Thirty-four patients (13 with PLLA+HA

  19. Smaller Anterior Cruciate Ligament Diameter Is a Predictor of Subjects Prone to Ligament Injuries: An Ultrasound Study

    PubMed Central

    Mahajan, Parag Suresh; Negi, Vidya Chander; Jayaram, Abhilash Pullincherry; Hussein, Sheik Akbar

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To test if diameter of normal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can be measured by ultrasound (US), to see if there is a relationship between smaller ACL diameter and ACL injury, and to assess agreement between radiologists in measuring ACL diameter in cases and matched controls. Materials and Methods. In this ethics committee-approved study, maximum diameter of ACL near tibial insertion site was measured by static and dynamic US study in 25 normal contralateral knees of subjects who suffered noncontact ACL injury and in 25 matched control subjects. Results. ACL was visualized as a thick linear hypoechoic band inserted approximately 11?mm caudal to the tibial plateau and the intercondylar eminence. Maximum diameter of contralateral ACL near tibial insertion site among injured subjects was significantly smaller than in noninjured subjects (0.62?±?0.07?cm versus 0.81?±?0.06?cm; P < 0.0001). In the regression analysis, the diameter of ACL near tibial insertion site was found significantly proportional to body weight and not significantly associated to height, gender, and age. Conclusion. Diameter of normal ACL near tibial insertion site can be measured by US and the maximum diameter is significantly smaller among subjects with noncontact ACL injury. US is a promising modality that can be used as an excellent screening test to detect subjects especially aspiring athletes prone to ACL injury. Very strong agreement was observed between radiologists in measuring ACL diameter. PMID:25685812

  20. Avoiding Graft-Tunnel Length Mismatch in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: The Single–Bone Plug Technique

    PubMed Central

    Grawe, Brian; Smerina, Amber; Allen, Answorth

    2014-01-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, using autogenous bone–patellar tendon–bone (BTB) as a graft material, is commonly performed in the setting of anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency. Although bone–patellar tendon–bone autograft has an extensive track record, showing excellent clinical results, donor-site morbidity and graft-tunnel mismatch can still be problematic for a subset of patients. In the setting of a tendon graft that is too long, adequate interference screw fixation cannot be obtained, typically resulting in a tibial-sided bone plug that achieves less than 15 to 20 mm of bone in the distal tibial tunnel. We present an easy and effective technique for avoiding the graft-tunnel mismatch problems that commonly occur in patients who have an excessively long patellar tendons. This technique involves a simple preoperative planning algorithm that ultimately results in a single tibial-sided plug harvest. Bony interference fixation is then obtained on the femoral side and soft-tissue fixation on the tibial side. This technique allows for satisfactory graft fixation while avoiding the donor-site morbidity associated with patellar bone plug harvest. PMID:25126515

  1. Outcome at 12 to 22 years of 1502 tibial shaft fractures.

    PubMed

    Connelly, C L; Bucknall, V; Jenkins, P J; Court-Brown, C M; McQueen, M M; Biant, L C

    2014-10-01

    Fractures of the tibial shaft are common injuries, but there are no long-term outcome data in the era of increased surgical management. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the clinical and functional outcome of this injury at 12 to 22 years. Secondary aims were to determine the short- and long-term mortality, and if there were any predictors of clinical or functional outcome or mortality. From a prospective trauma database of 1502 tibial shaft fractures in 1474 consecutive adult patients, we identified a cohort of 1431 tibial diaphyseal fractures in 1403 patients, who fitted our inclusion criteria. There were 1024 men, and mean age at injury was 40.6 years. Fractures were classified according to the AO system, and open fractures graded after Gustilo and Anderson. Requirement of fasciotomy, time to fracture union, complications, incidence of knee and ankle pain at long-term follow-up, changes in employment and the patients' social deprivation status were recorded. Function was assessed at 12 to 22 years post-injury using the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment and short form-12 questionnaires. Long-term functional outcome data was available for 568 of the surviving patients, 389 were deceased and 346 were lost to follow-up. Most fractures (90.7%, n = 1363) united without further intervention. Fasciotomies were performed in 11.5% of patients; this did not correlate with poorer functional outcome in the long term. Social deprivation was associated with a higher incidence of injury but had no impact on long-term function. The one-year mortality in those over 75 years of age was 29 (42%). At long-term follow-up, pain and function scores were good. However, 147 (26%) reported ongoing knee pain, 62 (10%) reported ankle pain and 97 (17%) reported both. Such joint pain correlated with poorer functional outcome. PMID:25274924

  2. Validation of a standardised gait score to predict the healing of tibial fractures.

    PubMed

    Macri, F; Marques, L F; Backer, R C; Santos, M J; Belangero, W D

    2012-04-01

    There is no absolute method of evaluating healing of a fracture of the tibial shaft. In this study we sought to validate a new clinical method based on the systematic observation of gait, first by assessing the degree of agreement between three independent observers regarding the gait score for a given patient, and secondly by determining how such a score might predict healing of a fracture. We used a method of evaluating gait to assess 33 patients (29 men and four women, with a mean age of 29 years (15 to 62)) who had sustained an isolated fracture of the tibial shaft and had been treated with a locked intramedullary nail. There were 15 closed and 18 open fractures (three Gustilo and Anderson grade I, seven grade II, seven grade IIIA and one grade IIIB). Assessment was carried out three and six months post-operatively using videos taken with a digital camera. Gait was graded on a scale ranging from 1 (extreme difficulty) to 4 (normal gait). Bivariate analysis included analysis of variance to determine whether the gait score statistically correlated with previously validated and standardised scores of clinical status and radiological evidence of union. An association was found between the pattern of gait and all the other variables. Improvement in gait was associated with the absence of pain on weight-bearing, reduced tenderness over the fracture, a higher Radiographic Union Scale in Tibial Fractures score, and improved functional status, measured using the Brazilian version of the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment questionnaire (all p < 0.001). Although further study is needed, the analysis of gait in this way may prove to be a useful clinical tool. PMID:22434473

  3. Anterior knee pain

    MedlinePLUS

    ... as running, jumping or twisting, skiing, or playing soccer) You have flat feet Anterior knee pain is ... to the kneecap Runners, jumpers, skiers, bicyclists, and soccer players who exercise often Teenagers and healthy young ...

  4. Initial intramuscular perfusion pressure predicts early skeletal muscle function following isolated tibial fractures

    PubMed Central

    Müller, Michael; Disch, Aleaxander C; Zabel, Nicole; Haas, Norbert P; Schaser, Klaus D

    2008-01-01

    Background The severity of associated soft tissue trauma in complex injuries of the extremities guides fracture treatment and decisively determines patient's prognosis. Trauma-induced microvascular dysfunction and increased tissue pressure is known to trigger secondary soft tissue damage and seems to adversely affect skeletal muscle function. Methods 20 patients with isolated tibial fractures were included. Blood pressure and compartment pressure (anterior and deep posterior compartment) were measured continuously up to 24 hours. Corresponding perfusion pressure was calculated. After 4 and 12 weeks isokinetic muscle peak torque and mean power of the ankle joint in dorsal and plantar flexion were measured using a Biodex dynamometer. Results A significant inverse correlation between the anterior perfusion pressure at 24 hours and deficit in dorsiflexion at 4 weeks was found for both, the peak torque (R = -0.83; p < 0.01) and the mean power (R = -0.84; p < 0.01). The posterior perfusion pressure at 24 h and the plantar flexion after 4 weeks in both, peak torque (R = -0.73, p =< 0.05) and mean power (R = -0.7, p =< 0.05) displayed a significant correlation. Conclusion The functional relationship between the decrease in intramuscular perfusion pressures and muscle performance in the early rehabilitation period indicate a causative and prognostic role of early posttraumatic microcirculatory derangements and skeletal muscle function. Therapeutic concepts aimed at effective muscle recovery, early rehabilitation, and decreased secondary tissue damage, should consider the maintenance of an adequate intramuscular perfusion pressure. PMID:18419823

  5. Biomechanical testing of implant free wedge shaped bone block fixation for bone patellar tendon bone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in a bovine model

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The use of an interference fit wedged bone plug to provide fixation in the tibial tunnel when using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction offers many theoretic advantages including the potential to offer a more economical and biological alternative to screw fixation. This technique has not been subjected to biomechanical testing. We hypothesised that a wedged bone plug fixation technique provides equivalent tensile load to failure as titanium interference screw fixation. Methods In a controlled laboratory setting, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction was performed in 36 bovine knees using bone-patella-bone autograft. In 20 knees tibial fixation relied upon a standard cuboid bone block and interference screw. In eight knees a wedge shaped bone block with an 11 mm by 10 mm base without a screw was used. In a further eight knees a similar wedge with a 13 mm by 10 mm base was used. Each specimen used a standard 10 mm tibial tunnel. The reconstructions were tested biomechanically in a physiological environment using an Instron machine to compare ultimate failure loads and modes of failure. Results Statistical analysis revealed no significant difference between wedge fixation and screw fixation (p = 0.16), or between individual groups (interference screw versus 11 mm versus 13 mm wedge fixation) (P = 0.35). Conclusions Tibial tunnel fixation using an impacted wedge shaped bone block in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has comparable ultimate tensile strength to titanium interference screw fixation. PMID:20813059

  6. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the Bio-TransFix femoral fixation device and anteromedial portal technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael E. Hantes; Zoe Dailiana; Vasilios C. Zachos; Sokratis E. Varitimidis

    2006-01-01

    The cross-pin femoral fixation technique for soft tissue grafts is a popular option in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.\\u000a One of these devices is the Bio-TransFix (Arthrex Inc., Naples, FL, USA) which provides high fixation strength. According\\u000a to the manufacturer, the femoral tunnel is created by placing the femoral aiming device through the tibial tunnel (transtibial\\u000a technique). However, using this

  7. Multiple Looping Technique for Tibial Fixation in Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction of the Knee.

    PubMed

    Noh, Jung Ho; Yoon, Kyoung Ho; Song, Sang Jun; Roh, Young Hak; Lee, Jae Woo

    2015-02-01

    The outcomes of posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction may be negatively affected by insufficient tibial tunnel fixation due to relatively lower bone density of the proximal tibia. We introduce a new technique of tibial fixation for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using free tendon Achilles allograft that is less affected by the bone density of the tibial metaphysis. PMID:25973367

  8. Multiple Looping Technique for Tibial Fixation in Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction of the Knee

    PubMed Central

    Noh, Jung Ho; Yoon, Kyoung Ho; Song, Sang Jun; Roh, Young Hak; Lee, Jae Woo

    2015-01-01

    The outcomes of posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction may be negatively affected by insufficient tibial tunnel fixation due to relatively lower bone density of the proximal tibia. We introduce a new technique of tibial fixation for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using free tendon Achilles allograft that is less affected by the bone density of the tibial metaphysis. PMID:25973367

  9. In vitro modeling of human tibial strains during exercise in micro-gravity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterman, M. M.; Hamel, A. J.; Cavanagh, P. R.; Piazza, S. J.; Sharkey, N. A.

    2001-01-01

    Prolonged exposure to micro-gravity causes substantial bone loss (Leblanc et al., Journal of Bone Mineral Research 11 (1996) S323) and treadmill exercise under gravity replacement loads (GRLs) has been advocated as a countermeasure. To date, the magnitudes of GRLs employed for locomotion in space have been substantially less than the loads imposed in the earthbound 1G environment, which may account for the poor performance of locomotion as an intervention. The success of future treadmill interventions will likely require GRLs of greater magnitude. It is widely held that mechanical tissue strain is an important intermediary signal in the transduction pathway linking the external loading environment to bone maintenance and functional adaptation; yet, to our knowledge, no data exist linking alterations in external skeletal loading to alterations in bone strain. In this preliminary study, we used unique cadaver simulations of micro-gravity locomotion to determine relationships between localized tibial bone strains and external loading as a means to better predict the efficacy of future exercise interventions proposed for bone maintenance on orbit. Bone strain magnitudes in the distal tibia were found to be linearly related to ground reaction force magnitude (R(2)>0.7). Strain distributions indicated that the primary mode of tibial loading was in bending, with little variation in the neutral axis over the stance phase of gait. The greatest strains, as well as the greatest strain sensitivity to altered external loading, occurred within the anterior crest and posterior aspect of the tibia, the sites furthest removed from the neutral axis of bending. We established a technique for estimating local strain magnitudes from external loads, and equations for predicting strain during simulated micro-gravity walking are presented.

  10. The figure-of-nine leg position for anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Furumatsu, T; Fujii, M; Tanaka, T; Miyazawa, S; Ozaki, T

    2015-05-01

    Anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can restore the function and kinematics of the knee in ACL-deficient patients. Several outside-in drilling systems for accurate femoral tunnel creations have been developed. However, the femoral tunnel creation at the lower position of the intercondylar notch can be difficult in a usual leg position with the knee flexed at 90° without varus stress. This technical note describes that the figure-of-nine leg position provides a better arthroscopic view to safely clean up the ACL femoral footprint located at the lower area of the lateral intercondylar wall. This position is useful to create the optimal femoral tunnels using the outside-in drilling technique, without damaging the lateral meniscus posterior root, lateral tibial eminence, and supplemental fibers that bridge the gap between the lateral meniscus and the ACL tibial insertion. PMID:25748135

  11. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction in the adult: current concepts.

    PubMed

    Stein, Benjamin E; Schon, Lew C

    2015-01-01

    The management of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction in adults has evolved substantially, and controversy persists regarding a specific recommended algorithm for treatment. The current focus is on early diagnosis and treatment of this disorder with joint-sparing surgeries, such as corrective osteotomies and tendon transfers, when nonsurgical modalities have been exhausted. It is helpful to be familiar with the pertinent pathophysiology and diagnostic pearls associated with posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, its treatment options, pertinent literature, and technique tips for the procedures currently being used. PMID:25745927

  12. Posterior tibial vein aneurysm presenting as tarsal tunnel syndrome.

    PubMed

    Ayad, Micheal; Whisenhunt, Anumeha; Hong, EnYaw; Heller, Josh; Salvatore, Dawn; Abai, Babak; DiMuzio, Paul J

    2015-06-01

    Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a compressive neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve within the tarsal tunnel. Its etiology varies, including space occupying lesions, trauma, inflammation, anatomic deformity, iatrogenic injury, and idiopathic and systemic causes. Herein, we describe a 46-year-old man who presented with left foot pain. Work up revealed a venous aneurysm impinging on the posterior tibial nerve. Following resection of the aneurysm and lysis of the nerve, his symptoms were alleviated. Review of the literature reveals an association between venous disease and tarsal tunnel syndrome; however, this report represents the first case of venous aneurysm causing symptomatic compression of the nerve. PMID:25199522

  13. Bilateral osteochondrosis of the distal tibial epiphysis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Turati, Marco; Afonso, David; Salazard, Bruno; Maillet Declerck, Marie; Bigoni, Marco; Glard, Yann

    2015-03-01

    Osteochondrosis is a developmental disease characterized by an alteration of endochondral ossification. Genetic causes, repetitive mechanical stresses, vascular abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, and interruption of the blood supply to the epiphyseal cartilage are all described causes of osteochondrosis and the etiology is probably multifactorial. Osteochondrosis can occur in different apophysis and epiphysis in all immature skeletons. Distal tibial epiphysis is rarely involved and most of the time unilaterally. We report on an 11-year-old female with bilateral osteochondrosis on distal tibial epiphysis. Only one other similar case has been described in the literature to date. PMID:25504104

  14. Quantitative evaluation after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Allograft versus autograft.

    PubMed

    Shino, K; Nakata, K; Horibe, S; Inoue, M; Nakagawa, S

    1993-01-01

    We measured the anteroposterior ligamentous laxity and thigh muscle power in 92 subjects who were rated as successes after they had undergone arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction for unilateral anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency 18 to 36 months previously. The subjects were divided into 2 groups according to the type of graft: fresh-frozen allogenic tendon (N = 47) or central one third of the ipsilateral patellar tendon (N = 45). Instrumented drawer tests in the Lachman position were performed to measure anterior tibial displacement at 200 N (anterior laxity). Thigh muscle power was isokinetically measured with a Cybex II dynamometer. Significantly more anterior laxity was found in the reconstructed knees than in the contralateral normal knees regardless of graft material (paired t-test, P < 0.01), except for the male allograft patients. Although the mean anterior laxity difference between sides for the allograft patients was less than that for the autogenous ones, analysis of variance failed to demonstrate a statistically significant difference between the 2 groups if the comparison was strictly made within the same sex. Thigh muscle tests revealed that extension torque in the reconstructed knees was significantly less than that in the contralateral knees and analysis of variance showed that knee extension torque at 60 deg/sec for the allograft patients was significantly better than that of the autograft ones (P < 0.05). We concluded that the allograft procedure is advantageous over the patellar tendon autograft in terms of better restoration of anterior stability. PMID:8368425

  15. Arthroscopic anatomical double bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A prospective longitudinal study

    PubMed Central

    Devgan, Ashish; Singh, Amanpreet; Gogna, Paritosh; Singla, Rohit; Magu, Narender Kumar; Mukhopadhyay, Reetadyuti

    2015-01-01

    Background: Single bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been the current standard of treatment for ACL deficiency. However, a significant subset of patients continue to report residual symptoms of instability with a poor pivot control. Cadaveric biomechanical studies have shown double bundle (DB) ACL reconstructions to restore the knee kinematics better. This study evaluates the outcome of DB ACL reconstruction. Materials and Methods: 30 consecutive patients who underwent anatomic DB ACL reconstruction were included in this prospective longitudinal study. There were all males with a mean age of 25 ± 7.45 years. All patients were prospectively evaluated using GeNouRoB (GNRB) arthrometer, functional knee scores (International Knee Documentation Committee [IKDC] and Lysholm) and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for comparing the graft orientation and footprint of the reconstructed ACL with that of the normal knee. Results: The average followup was 36.2 months. At the time of final followup the mean Lysholm score was 93.13 ± 3.31. As per the objective IKDC score, 26 patients (86.6%) were in Group A while 4 patients (13.3%) were in Group B. The mean differential anterior tibial translation by GNRB, arthrometer was 1.07 ± 0.8 mm (range 0.1-2.3 mm). All cases had a negative pivot shift test. MRI scans of operated and the contralateral normal knee showed the mean sagittal ACL tibial angle coronal ACL tibial angle and tibial ACL footprint to be in accordance with the values of the contralateral, normal knee. Conclusion: The study demonstrates that DB ACL reconstruction restores the ACL anatomically in terms of size and angle of orientation. However, long term studies are needed to further substantiate its role in decreasing the incidence of early osteoarthritic changes compared to the conventional single bundle reconstructions. PMID:26015600

  16. Comparison of loading rate-dependent injury modes in a murine model of post-traumatic osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Lockwood, Kevin A.; Chu, Bryce T.; Anderson, Matthew J.; Haudenschild, Dominik R.; Christiansen, Blaine A.

    2014-01-01

    Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is a common long-term consequence of joint injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. In this study we used a tibial compression overload mouse model to compare knee injury induced at low speed (1 mm/s), which creates an avulsion fracture, to injury induced at high speed (500 mm/s), which induces midsubstance tear of the ACL. Mice were sacrificed at 0 days, 10 days, 12 weeks, or 16 weeks post-injury, and joints were analyzed with micro-computed tomography, whole joint histology, and biomechanical laxity testing. Knee injury with both injury modes caused considerable trabecular bone loss by 10 days post-injury, with the Low Speed Injury group (avulsion) exhibiting a greater amount of bone loss than the High Speed Injury group (midsubstance tear). Immediately after injury, both injury modes resulted in greater than 2-fold increases in total AP joint laxity relative to control knees. By 12 and 16 weeks post-injury, total AP laxity was restored to uninjured control values, possibly due to knee stabilization via osteophyte formation. This model presents an opportunity to explore fundamental questions regarding the role of bone turnover in PTOA, and the findings of this study support a biomechanical mechanism of osteophyte formation following injury. PMID:24019199

  17. Hamstrings Stiffness and Landing Biomechanics Linked to Anterior Cruciate Ligament Loading

    PubMed Central

    Blackburn, J. Troy; Norcross, Marc F.; Cannon, Lindsey N.; Zinder, Steven M.

    2013-01-01

    Context: Greater hamstrings stiffness is associated with less anterior tibial translation during controlled perturbations. However, it is unclear how hamstrings stiffness influences anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) loading mechanisms during dynamic tasks. Objective: To evaluate the influence of hamstrings stiffness on landing biomechanics related to ACL injury. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 36 healthy, physically active volunteers (18 men, 18 women; age = 23 ± 3 years, height = 1.8 ± 0.1 m, mass = 73.1 ± 16.6 kg). Intervention(s): Hamstrings stiffness was quantified via the damped oscillatory technique. Three-dimensional lower extremity kinematics and kinetics were captured during a double-legged jump-landing task via a 3-dimensional motion-capture system interfaced with a force plate. Landing biomechanics were compared between groups displaying high and low hamstrings stiffness via independent-samples t tests. Main Outcome Measure(s): Hamstrings stiffness was normalized to body mass (N/m·kg?1). Peak knee-flexion and -valgus angles, vertical and posterior ground reaction forces, anterior tibial shear force, internal knee-extension and -varus moments, and knee-flexion angles at the instants of each peak kinetic variable were identified during the landing task. Forces were normalized to body weight, whereas moments were normalized to the product of weight and height. Results: Internal knee-varus moment was 3.6 times smaller in the high-stiffness group (t22 = 2.221, P = .02). A trend in the data also indicated that peak anterior tibial shear force was 1.1 times smaller in the high-stiffness group (t22 = 1.537, P = .07). The high-stiffness group also demonstrated greater knee flexion at the instants of peak anterior tibial shear force and internal knee-extension and -varus moments (t22 range = 1.729–2.224, P < .05). Conclusions: Greater hamstrings stiffness was associated with landing biomechanics consistent with less ACL loading and injury risk. Musculotendinous stiffness is a modifiable characteristic; thus exercises that enhance hamstrings stiffness may be important additions to ACL injury-prevention programs. PMID:24303987

  18. In-vitro correlation between tension and length change in an anterior cruciate ligament substitute.

    PubMed

    Good, L

    1995-06-01

    The length change and tension patterns from multiple insertion locations of an anterior cruciate ligament substitute were studied in 10 cadaver knees. Length change was measured with a spring-loaded isometer of low stiffness, and tension was measured with a piezoelectric load cell. In both instances a thin Kevlar test ligament was positioned in five different femoral and two different tibial ligament insertion locations, that were all located within the normal attachments of the anterior cruciate ligament. Differences were found regarding length changes and tension patterns from a simulated active extension between the central, posterior, and anterior femoral locations. All locations showed larger length change and tension values in extension than in flexion. The anterior femoral ligament insertion location showed length change and tension patterns with increasing values in flexion compared to the other femoral locations. The anterior tibial ligament insertion location showed smaller excursions of both length and tension, than did the central one, but the patterns of the curves were similar. A statistically significant correlation was found between length change and tension patterns throughout a 130-0 degrees range of motion. A statistically significant correlation was also found between the maximum length and tension values. No fixed relationship was found between the magnitude of the length and tension values, when different intervals of the range of motion were studied. RELEVANCE: The intraoperative employment of length change measurements of a test ligament in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction gives information on where high tension can be expected in the range of motion of the knee, and how this can differ depending on the angle of graft fixation. The information gained can also be used to improve drill channel location. However, no predictions on the magnitude of tension can be made, mainly due to large biological variability. PMID:11415553

  19. All-inside patellar tendon anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Bradley, James P; Tejwani, Samir G

    2009-12-01

    In the continued evolution of arthroscopic surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the "All-Inside" technique has been developed in an attempt to further decrease surgical trauma. By replicating standard anatomic ACL reconstruction techniques, the RetroConstruction System (Arthrex, Naples, FL) eliminates tibial tunnels by creating "Retrodrilled" sockets. This All-Inside technique reduces the size and number of incisions and associated soft-tissue trauma, while eliminating the violation of distal cortices, thereby potentially decreasing patient morbidity, facilitating rehabilitation, and improving cosmesis. The technique is suitable for numerous graft options and can be used either in primary, revision augmentation, or multiligament reconstructions. The rationale and technique for All-Inside bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft or allograft single-bundle ACL reconstruction is presented. PMID:19910784

  20. Arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using allograft tendon.

    PubMed

    Wainer, R A; Clarke, T J; Poehling, G G

    1988-01-01

    Treatment of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knee using an arthroscopic technique and freeze-dried allograft tendons in 23 patients was studied prospectively. Accurate placement of drill holes and anchoring positions for the allografts was effected through a standard arthroscopic approach combined with a 3 cm incision on the medial tibial flare. Candidates for reconstruction were those who were unable to tolerate brace therapy and who had no degenerative arthritis. The 23 patients were drawn from a group of 60 treated patients because their follow-up had been greater than or equal to 1 year. Their knees were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively with a Lysholm knee rating scale, Lachman test with KT-1000 arthrometric quantitation, pivot shift, Biodex test, and radiographs. Knee rating values improved in all knees, and only one patient had a significant deterioration in the KT-1000 reading. All patients with at least 20 months follow-up have resumed their preinjury activity levels. PMID:3166660

  1. Prediction of height from percutaneous tibial length amongst Oriya population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. K Mohanty

    1998-01-01

    Establishing individuality on the mutilated part of a dead body is quite a difficult work in forensic medicine. Among the factors required, to establish individuality of an unidentified dead body or any mutilated part of such dead body, height is one of them. In the present work an attempt has been made to calculate the height from the percutaneous tibial

  2. Ten-year results of tibial osteotomy for medial gonarthrosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sten Odenbring; N. Egund; B. Hagstedt; J. Larsson; A. Lindstrand; S. Toksvig-Larsen

    1991-01-01

    The results in relation to the correction achieved 1 year after surgery of a series of tibial osteotomies in 50 patients (52 knees) are presented with a total observation time of 10 years. Mean age at the time of osteotomy was 56 years. Overcorrected knees had a significantly better result after 10 years. Progress of gonarthrosis occured in 6\\/34 overcorrected

  3. Tibial dyschondroplasia associated proteomic changes in chicken growth plate cartilage

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is a poultry leg problem that affects the proximal growth plate of tibia preventing its transition to bone. To understand the disease-induced proteomic changes we compared the protein extracts of cartilage from normal and TD- affected growth plates. TD was induced by fe...

  4. Changes in serum protein profiles of chickens with tibial dyschondroplasia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Differences in serum protein profiles were analyzed to identify biomarkers associated with a poultry leg problem named tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) that can cause lameness. We used a bead-based affinity matrix containing a combinatorial library of hexapeptides (ProteoMinerTM) to deplete high abundan...

  5. Monitoring and healing analysis of 100 tibial shaft fractures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Claes; R. Grass; T. Schmickal; B. Kisse; C. Eggers; H. Gerngroß; W. Mutschler; M. Arand; T. Wintermeyer; A. Wentzensen

    2002-01-01

    Background. We assessed the value of measuring biomechanical stiffness by assessing the fixator's external deformation as an objective means for monitoring fracture healing and determining the postoperative treatment regime, as compared to clinical and radiographic means of evaluation. Patients and methods. One hundred patients with tibial shaft fractures managed by unilateral external fixation had their fracture stiffness monitored. Stiffness was

  6. Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction and Flatfoot: Analysis with Simulated Walking

    PubMed Central

    Watanabe, Kota; Kitaoka, Harold B.; Fujii, Tadashi; Crevoisier, Xavier M.; Berglund, Lawrence J.; Zhao, Kristin D.; Kaufman, Kenton R.; An, Kai-Nan

    2012-01-01

    Many biomechanical studies investigated pathology of flatfoot and effects of operations on flatfoot. The majority of cadaveric studies are limited to the quasistatic response to static joint loads. This study examined the unconstrained joint motion of the foot and ankle during stance phase utilizing a dynamic foot-ankle simulator in simulated stage 2 posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD). Muscle forces were applied on the extrinsic tendons of the foot using six servo-pneumatic cylinders to simulate their action. Vertical and fore-aft shear forces were applied and tibial advancement was performed with the servomotors. Three-dimensional movements of multiple bones of the foot were monitored with a magnetic tracking system. Twenty-two fresh-frozen lower extremities were studied in the intact condition, then following sectioning peritalar constraints to create a flatfoot and unloading the posterior tibial muscle force. Kinematics in the intact condition were consistent with gait analysis data for normals. There were altered kinematics in the flatfoot condition, particularly in coronal and transverse planes. Calcaneal eversion relative to the tibia averaged 11.1±2.8° compared to 5.8±2.3° in the normal condition. Calcaneal-tibial external rotation was significantly increased in flatfeet from mean of 2.3±1.7° to 8.1±4.0°. There were also significant changes in metatarsal-tibial eversion and external rotation in the flatfoot condition. The simulated PTTD with flatfoot was consistent with previous data obtained in patients with PTTD. The use of a flatfoot model will enable more detailed study on the flatfoot condition and/or effect of surgical treatment. PMID:22939754

  7. Rationale and Design of a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of B-type Natriuretic Peptide For the Preservation of Left Ventricular Function Post Anterior Myocardial Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Sangaralingham, S. Jeson; Burnett, John C.; McKie, Paul M.; Schirger, John A.; Chen, Horng H.

    2013-01-01

    Background B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone with pleiotropic cardio-protective properties. Previously in our non-placebo controlled, un-blinded pilot study (BELIEVE) in human ST-elevation anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI), a 72 hour intravenous infusion (IV) of recombinant human BNP (nesiritide) at a dose of 0.006 ug/kg/min suppressed plasma aldosterone and reduced cardiac dilatation while improved left ventricular ejection fraction (LV EF) at 1 month compared to baseline. Methods and Design The BELIEVE II study is a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single center clinical trial to assess the efficacy of 72 hour IV infusion of nesiritide therapy (0.006 ug/kg/min), in humans with first time ST-elevation anterior AMI and successful reperfusion, in preventing adverse LV remodeling and preserving LV function. A total of 60 patients will be randomized to placebo or nesiritide therapy. The primary efficacy endpoint is LV end-systolic and end-diastolic dimensions determined by MUGA scan between placebo and nesiritide group at 30 days; secondary endpoints include 30 day LV EF, diastolic function, infarct size, LV mass and combined total mortality and heart failure hospitalization. Conclusion This will be the first randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial that will assess the clinical efficacy of nesiritide in human ST-elevation anterior AMI. PMID:23910581

  8. Arthrose due au genu varum: traitement par osteotomie tibiale de valgisation

    PubMed Central

    Moussa, Abdou Kadri; Lukulunga, Loubet Unyendje; Mahfoud, Mustapha; El Bardouni, Ahmed; Ismail, Farid; Kharmaz, Mohamed; Berrada, Mohammed Saleh; El Yaacoubi, Moradh

    2014-01-01

    Le traitement du genu varum est le plus souvent conservateur (ostéotomie tibiale de valgisation) permettant de corriger le trouble architectural afin de rétablir l'axe physiologique du membre inférieur. Le but de l’étude était d’évaluer les résultats du traitement et comparer à ceux de la littérature. Il s'est agi d'une étude rétrospective portant sur des patients présentant un genu varum qui s'est déroulée dans le Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologie de CHU Ibn SINA de RABAT, sur une période de 9 ans (2000 au 31 Décembre 2008). Nous avons inclus dans notre étude: les patients qui avaient un genu-varum clinique avec examen radiographique standard ainsi qu'un pangonogramme; traités par différents procédés d'ostéotomie tibiale de valgisation; avec un suivis d’ au moins deux ans. Nos critères d’évaluation ont été appréciés selon le score HSS. Nous avons colligé 115 cas de genu-varum par ostéotomie de valgisation. L’âge de nos patients variait entre 40 et 69 ans, avec une moyenne de 53 ans. Le pic de fréquence se situait entre 52et 63 ans. Le sexe féminin prédominait avec 87 cas (75,6%) avec un sex ratio 3,1. Un Indice de masse corporelle supérieur à 30 a été noté dans 44 cas (38%). Quant aux antécédents chirurgicaux,18 patients de la série (soit 14%) ont été opérés pour le genu varum d'un autre genou. Le délai de consultation a varié entre 4 mois à 6 ans, avec une moyenne de 2 ans. La douleur était le principal motif de consultation et était de siège médial dans 70% des cas et bicompartimental dans 30% cas. Il s'agissait d'une douleur mécanique dans 76% des cas, mixte 21% des cas et inflammatoire 4% des cas. La déformation du genou appréciée par l’écart intercondylien a été en moyenne de 8,7 cm avec des extrêmes de 3 cm et 33cm. Le bilan de l'imagerie médicale reposait essentiellement sur les radiographies standards du genou de face et de profil, ainsi que la goniométrie. Ces clichés nous ont permis de classer l'arthrose du genou selon Ahlbäck. 72,5% des patients, présentaient une arthrose débutante. Le pangonogramme a été réalisé pour mesurer la déviation axiale du génu varum. La déviation angulaire: HKA (angle entre le centre de la tête fémorale et le milieu de la cheville) préopératoire a varié entre 163° et 176°, soit une moyenne de 175,46°. Une correction moyenne de déviation de 11,3° a été réalisée avec des extrêmes de 7 à 19°. Cet angle de correction (DAC) qui variait de 7 à 19° a été supérieur à 15° dans 57,39%s inférieur à 15° chez 38%. 27,4% des patients avaient une déviation angulaire importante avec une arthrose avancée. Après un bilan préopératoire et une planification opératoire 73% des patients ont été opérés sous anesthésie loco-régionale. Pour l'ostéotomie tibiale de fermeture, la voie d'abord a été la voie de Gernez antérolatérale, utilisée chez 56 cas (48,6%), l'ostéotomie tibiale d'ouverture (la voie d'abord était Gernez antéro-médiale) effectuée dans 20 cas (17,3%);et l'ostéotomie curviplane, a été réalisée par une voie d'abord longitudinale médiane dans 39%. Les ostéosynthèses ont été réalisées dans 51 cas (44,3%) par les agrafes de Blount, dans 54 cas (46,9%) par la plaque en T ou en L et dans 11 cas par une plaque en col de cygne. En per-opératoire nous avons enregistré deux (02) cas de fractures du plateau tibial médial, en post-opératoire on a eu 1 cas

  9. Anterior mandibular ameloblastoma

    PubMed Central

    Bhandarwar, Ajay H.; Bakhshi, Girish D.; Borisa, Ashok D.; Wagh, Amol; Kapoor, Rajat; Kori, Channabasappa G.

    2012-01-01

    Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumor. These are usually asymptomatic until a large size is attained. Ameloblastoma has tendency to spread locally and has a high recurrence rate. Majority of ameloblastomas (80%) arise from the mandible. Ameloblastoma arising from anterior mandibular region (symphysis-menti) is rare. Very few cases of midline anterior ameloblastomas are reported in the literature. They often require wide local excision. Reconstruction of mandible in these cases is challenging. We present a case of mandibular ameloblastoma arising from symphysis-menti. Patient underwent wide surgical excision of the tumor followed by immediate reconstruction using free fibular vascular flap, stabilized with titanium reconstructive plates. A brief case report ands review of literature is presented. PMID:24765429

  10. Steeper posterior tibial slope markedly increases ACL force in both active gait and passive knee joint under compression.

    PubMed

    Marouane, H; Shirazi-Adl, A; Adouni, M; Hashemi, J

    2014-04-11

    The role of the posterior tibial slope (PTS) in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) risk of injury has been supported by many imaging studies but refuted by some in vitro works. The current investigation was carried out to compute the effect of ±5(o) change in PTS on knee joint biomechanics in general and ACL force/strain in particular. Two validated finite element (FE) models of the knee joint were employed; one active lower extremity musculoskeletal model including a complex FE model of the knee joint driven by in vivo kinematics/kinetics collected in gait of asymptomatic subjects, and the other its isolated unconstrained passive tibiofemoral (TF) joint considered under 1400 N compression at four different knee flexion angles (0°-45°). In the TF model, the compression force was applied at the joint mechanical balance point causing no rotations in sagittal and frontal planes. Changes in PTS moderately affected muscle forces and joint contact forces at mid-stance period. Both active (at mid-stance) and passive (at all flexion angles) models showed a substantial increase in the anterior tibial translation and ACL force as PTS increased with reverse trends as PTS decreased. In the active model of gait at mid-stance, ACL force increased by 75% (from 181 N to 317 N) in steeper PTS but decreased by 44% (to 102 N) in flatter PTS. The posterolateral bundle of ACL carried the load at smaller flexion angles with a shift to its anteromedial bundle as flexion increased. In accordance with earlier imaging studies, greater PTS is a major risk factor for ACL rupture especially in activities involving large compression forces. PMID:24576586

  11. Comparison of Single- and Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions in Restoration of Knee Kinematics and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Forces

    PubMed Central

    Seon, Jong Keun; Gadikota, Hemanth R.; Wu, Jia-Lin; Sutton, Karen; Gill, Thomas J.; Li, Guoan

    2013-01-01

    Background Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency alters 6 degrees of freedom knee kinematics, yet only anterior translation and internal rotation have been the primary measures in previous studies. Purpose To compare the 6 degrees of freedom knee kinematics and the graft forces after single- and double-bundle ACL reconstructions under various external loading conditions. Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Methods Ten human cadaveric knees were tested with a robotic testing system under 4 conditions: intact, ACL deficient, single-bundle reconstructed with a quadrupled hamstring tendon graft, and double-bundle reconstructed with 2 looped hamstring tendon grafts. Knee kinematics and forces of the ACL or ACL graft in each knee were measured under 3 loading conditions: an anterior tibial load of 134 N, a simulated quadriceps muscle load of 400 N, and combined tibial torques (10 N·m valgus and 5 N·m internal tibial torques) at 0°, 15°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of knee flexion. Results The double-bundle reconstruction restored the anterior and medial laxities closer to the intact knee than the single-bundle reconstruction. However, the internal rotation of the tibia under the simulated quadriceps muscle load was significantly decreased when compared with the intact knee after both reconstructions, more so after double-bundle reconstruction (P < .05). The entire graft force of the double-bundle reconstruction was more similar to that of the intact ACL than that of the single-bundle reconstruction. However, the posterolateral bundle graft in the double-bundle reconstructed knee was overloaded as compared with the intact posterolateral bundle. Conclusion The double-bundle reconstruction can better restore the normal anterior-posterior and medial-lateral laxities than the single-bundle reconstruction can, but an overloading of the posterolateral bundle graft can occur in a double-bundle reconstructed knee. Clinical relevance Both single-bundle and double-bundle techniques cannot restore the rotational laxities and the ACL force distributions of the intact knee. PMID:20392968

  12. Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Semitendinosus Tendon Using the PINN-ACL CrossPin System: Minimum 4-Year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Baek, Seung-Gil; Lee, Byoung-Joo; Lee, Chang-Hwa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This study evaluated mid-term results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using the PINN-ACL CrossPin system that allowed for short graft fixation. Materials and Methods Forty-three patients underwent single-bundle ACL reconstruction with a 4-strand semitendinosus tendon graft using the PINN-ACL CrossPin system. Femoral fixation was done using the PINN-ACL CrossPin system, and the tibial side was fixed with post-tie and a bioabsorbable interference screw. The mean follow-up period was 50 months. Evaluation was done using the Lachman test, pivot-shift test, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score and grade. Anterior displacement was assessed. Results There was improvement in the Lachman test and pivot-shift test at final follow-up, form grade II (n=40) or III (n=3) to grade I (n=3) or 0 (n=40) and from grade I (n=20) or II (n=10) to grade I (n=8) or 0 (n=22), respectively. The mean IKDC score was 88.7, and grade A and B were 93.0% at final follow-up. Side-to-side difference was improved from 6.7 mm to 2.1 mm at final follow-up. Complications occurred in 3 patients, a re-ruptured due to trauma at 2 years after surgery and a deep infection and a superficial infection. Conclusions The mid-term follow-up results of ACL reconstruction with the PINN-ACL CrossPin system were satisfactory. The PINN-ACL CrossPin can be considered as a useful instrument for short graft fixation. PMID:25750893

  13. TriLink: Anatomic Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Yasen, Sam K.; Logan, James S.; Smith, James O.; Nancoo, Tamara; Risebury, Mike J.; Wilson, Adrian J.

    2013-01-01

    Cadaveric and clinical biomechanical studies show improved kinematic restoration using double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques. These have been criticized in the past for being technically challenging. We present a novel 3-socket approach for anatomic “all-inside” double-bundle reconstruction using a single hamstring tendon fashioned to create a trifurcate graft: the TriLink technique. The semitendinosus alone is harvested, quadrupled, and attached to 3 suspensory fixation devices in a Y-shaped configuration, creating a 4-stranded tibial limb and 2 double-stranded femoral limbs. A medial viewing/lateral working arthroscopic approach is adopted using specifically designed instrumentation. Anatomic placement of the 2 femoral tunnels is performed by a validated direct measurement technique. A single mid-bundle position is used on the tibia. Both femoral and tibial sockets are created in a retrograde manner using outside-to-in drilling. This is a simplified operative technique for anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction that maximizes bone preservation. The TriLink construct replicates the 2 bundles of the ACL, conferring native functional anisometry and improving femoral footprint coverage while avoiding the complexities and pitfalls of double–tibial tunnel techniques. Preservation of the gracilis reduces the morbidity of hamstring harvest and allows greater flexibility in graft choice in cases requiring multiligament reconstruction. PMID:24749016

  14. Arthroscopic management of tibial plateau fractures: special techniques.

    PubMed

    Perez Carro, L

    1997-04-01

    Arthroscopic assessment and treatment of tibial plateau fractures has gained popularity in recent years. This article describes some maneuvers to facilitate the management of these fractures with the arthroscope. We use a 14-mm rounded curved periosteal elevator to manipulate fragments within the joint instead of using a probe. To facilitate visualization of fractures, we describe the use of loop sutures around the meniscus to retract the meniscus when there is a tear in the meniscus. We suggest the use of the arthroscope for directly viewing the interosseous space to be sure that any internal fixation devices remain outside the articular space. The use of these tactics will allow a faster, more accurate reduction with less radiation exposure in patients with displaced tibial plateau fractures. PMID:9127091

  15. Recent progress in the diagnosis and treatment of posterior tibial plateau fractures

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Hongwei; Chang, Shimin; Pan, Jun

    2015-01-01

    The posterior tibial plateau fracture is drawing increasing attention from orthopedists in recent years with the popularity of CT. However, due to the particular and severity of posterior tibial plateau fracture, there is still controversy in its classification and treatment. It is very difficult to achieve the ideal reduction and fixation by conventional techniques and approaches. The modified posterior approach is favorable for posterior tibial plateau fracture, but disadvantages remain. Recently, the lateral approach is applied by doctors. It is ideal for treatment of posterior tibial plateau fracture. Because of the complexity of local anatomical structure, the operative management of posterior tibial plateau fractures is a contentious issue as revealed in the recent surge of published literature addressing the surgical approach. This review mainly summaries the diagnosis, classification and surgery of the posterior tibial plateau fractures. PMID:26131147

  16. High tibial osteotomy in the treatment of adult osteochondritis dissecans.

    PubMed

    Slawski, D P

    1997-08-01

    This study reports one surgeon's experience using valgus high tibial osteotomy in the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the medial femoral condyle in adult patients. Seven knees in six patients with osteochondritis dissecans were reviewed as the basis of the study. Five patients (five knees) were men, and one patient (two knees) was a woman. The average age at surgery was 32 years. Patients reported medial knee pain, recurrent effusions, and disability. An average of three procedures per knee had been performed previously. Four knees had achieved union of the osteochondral fragments but with overlying articular cartilage degeneration observed at arthroscopy. Three knees had failed attempts at fixation with eventual excision of the fragmented osteochondral lesions. None of the knees showed diffuse medial compartment gonarthrosis by radiographic or arthroscopic examinations. Involved knees had relative varus malalignment with an average femoral and tibial angle of 0 degree compared with the uninvolved knees average of 5 degrees valgus. Preoperative technetium scintigraphy showed isolated uptake in the medial femoral condyle of all involved knees. Preoperative Lysholm scores averaged 39 points. Patients were observed for an average of 30 months after surgery. The average Lysholm score at latest followup was 89 points. Femoral and tibial angles averaged 9 degrees valgus. On subjective questioning, all patients reported marked improvement, satisfaction with the surgery, and said they had no need for additional operative intervention. PMID:9269169

  17. The Relationship Between Femoral Tunnels Created by the Transtibial, Anteromedial Portal, and Outside-In Techniques and the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Footprint

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hemanth R. Gadikota; Jae Ang Sim; Ali Hosseini; Thomas J. Gill; Guoan Li

    2012-01-01

    Background: Tunnels created for reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are critical determinants of joint stability and clinical outcomes. There is limited objective evidence on the ability of transtibial (TT), anteromedial (AM) portal, and outside-in (OI) operative techniques in creating anatomic tunnels.Hypothesis: (1) Tibial tunnel–independent techniques can create tunnels more accurately at the anatomic ACL footprint center than

  18. Clinical Outcomes of Tibial Components with Modular Stems Used in Primary TKA

    PubMed Central

    Pace, Thomas; Broome, Brandon; Osuji, Obi; Harman, Melinda K.

    2014-01-01

    Due to the known potential for fretting and corrosion at modular junctions in orthopaedic implants, this retrospective study evaluated radiographic and clinical outcomes of 85 primary TKA patients implanted with modular stemmed tibial components and followed up for an average of 82 months. There was low incidence of tibial radiolucent lines, excellent functional outcomes, and no complications associated with stem modularity. The findings were comparable to the historical control study involving 107?TKA with a nonmodular tibial stem design. When using surface cemented tibial components combined with a constrained polyethylene bearing, modular stems appear to be a viable option for primary TKA when adequate fixation and rotational stability are maintained. PMID:24669319

  19. Clinical Outcomes of Tibial Components with Modular Stems Used in Primary TKA.

    PubMed

    Durig, Nicole; Pace, Thomas; Broome, Brandon; Osuji, Obi; Harman, Melinda K

    2014-01-01

    Due to the known potential for fretting and corrosion at modular junctions in orthopaedic implants, this retrospective study evaluated radiographic and clinical outcomes of 85 primary TKA patients implanted with modular stemmed tibial components and followed up for an average of 82 months. There was low incidence of tibial radiolucent lines, excellent functional outcomes, and no complications associated with stem modularity. The findings were comparable to the historical control study involving 107?TKA with a nonmodular tibial stem design. When using surface cemented tibial components combined with a constrained polyethylene bearing, modular stems appear to be a viable option for primary TKA when adequate fixation and rotational stability are maintained. PMID:24669319

  20. Tibial rotational osteotomy for idiopathic torsion. A comparison of the proximal and distal osteotomy levels.

    PubMed

    Krengel, W F; Staheli, L T

    1992-10-01

    A retrospective analysis was done of 52 rotational tibial osteotomies (RTOs) performed on 35 patients with severe idiopathic tibial torsion. Thirty-nine osteotomies were performed at the proximal or midtibial level. Thirteen were performed at the distal tibial level with a technique previously described by one of the authors. Serious complications occurred in five (13%) of the proximal and in none of the distal RTOs. For severe and persisting idiopathic tibial torsion, the authors recommend correction by RTO at the distal level. Proximal level osteotomy is indicated only when a varus or valgus deformity required concurrent correction. PMID:1395261

  1. The Ilizarov external fixator - a useful alternative for the treatment of proximal tibial fractures A prospective observational study of 30 consecutive patients

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background In dislocated proximal tibial fractures, the most frequently used treatment is ORIF with screws and plates. Minimally-invasive techniques using external fixation are an alternative. The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical and radiological results using the Ilizarov technique in both uni- and bicondylar tibial fractures. Methods Thirty consecutive patients with isolated fractures of the proximal tibia were treated with the Ilizarov technique, 11 Schatzker I-IV with 2–3 rings and 19 Schatzker V-VI with 3–4 tibial rings and a femoral, hinged, two-ring extension. Unrestricted weight-bearing was allowed. Pre and post-operatively, conventional radiographs, computerized tomography scans, post-operative pain assessments and complications were evaluated. The knee function was evaluated with the EQ-5D, NHP and KOOS scores, as well as self-appraisal. Results All the fractures healed. Twenty-five patients achieved a range of motion better than 10-100º. The type I-IV fractures had a shorter operating time and hospital stay, as well as better knee flexion, and the self-appraisal indicated that they tolerated the treatment better. Pin infections occurred in 4% of the pin sites, but only two patients required debridement. Two patients developed compartment syndrome and underwent fasciotomy. No patient complained of functional knee instability. Two patients underwent a total knee arthroplasty because of residual pain. The overall result was judged as satisfactory in twenty-seven patients. Conclusions The Ilizarov method produces a good clinical outcome and is a valuable treatment alternative in proximal tibial fractures of all types. PMID:23294843

  2. Anterior Shoulder Dislocation

    PubMed Central

    Cutts, Steven; Prempeh, Mark; Drew, Steven

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Anterior dislocation of the shoulder is commonly seen in accident and emergency (A&E) and trauma clinics. In this article, we review the existing literature on the injury and the recent trends in management. MATERIALS AND METHODS We have discussed this condition with our colleagues and performed a Medline search (‘anterior shoulder dislocation’) of the relevant papers. We also describe key historical publications and recent developments regarding immobilisation of the joint. RESULTS Management decisions regarding this condition continue to vary between units, especially for recurrent and posterior dislocation. This paper lays some emphasis on the choice of analgesic agent when attempting shoulder reduction in the A&E setting. A summary of the data from our own department has provided a graphical representation of the classical age and sex distribution for this condition. CONCLUSIONS Shoulder dislocation is a common injury. Delays in diagnosis remain the single biggest obstacle to optimum results in this group of patients. A significant proportion will require eventual surgery and up to a third of these patients will go on to develop long-term shoulder arthritis. Even patients who have experienced a single episode of dislocation may go on to develop long-term sequelae. PMID:19126329

  3. Tibia Rotational Technique to Drill Femoral Bone Tunnel in Anatomic Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Mitani, Genya; Takagaki, Tomonori; Hamahashi, Kosuke; Kaneshiro, Nagatoshi; Serigano, Kenji; Maeda, Takashi; Nakamura, Yutaka; Mochida, Joji

    2014-01-01

    In anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, several pitfalls in creating the femoral bone tunnels at the correct position are of great concern. Our new method, the tibia rotational (TR) technique, may contribute to resolving these. The purpose of this study is to describe further details about the TR technique in anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Both anteromedial and posterolateral femoral bone tunnels were drilled through a posterolateral tibial bone tunnel using tibial rotation without deep knee flexion. When it is difficult to reach the mark with the rigid guide pin, the narrow curved TR technique guide and the flexible drill system allow drilling femoral bone tunnels in the correct position. The TR technique offers the technical ease required for widespread acceptance while prioritizing the fundamental goals of an anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. PMID:25276609

  4. Anatomic Outside-In Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Suspension Device for Femoral Fixation

    PubMed Central

    Espejo-Baena, Alejandro; Espejo-Reina, Alejandro

    2014-01-01

    Cortical suspension is one of the most frequently used methods of femoral fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. We present a simple technique for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a suspension device for femoral fixation. The purposes of this technique are to ensure greater contact between the graft and the tunnel walls—a goal that is achieved by using the femoral fixation device with the shortest possible loop—to avoid the flip step and the need for hyperflexion, and in short, to minimize the risk of complications that can occur when using the anteromedial portal to drill the femoral tunnel. To this end, both the femoral and tibial tunnels are created in an outside-in manner and with the same guide. The graft is passed through in a craniocaudal direction, and the suspension device is fitted inside an expansion piece for a better adaptation to the femoral cortex. PMID:24904774

  5. Surgical results of anterior corpectomy in the aged patients with cervical myelopathy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Lu; Xiaotao Wu; Yonggang Li; Xiangfei Kong

    2008-01-01

    Retrospective study on the results of anterior corpectomy for the treatment of cervical myelopathy in patients over 70 years\\u000a old. To evaluate the surgical results of anterior corpectomy in aged patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy and to investigate\\u000a the probable pathomechanism by radiographic study. There are few data focused on the surgical results and post-operative complications\\u000a of anterior corpectomy in aged

  6. Bioengineered anterior cruciate ligament

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Altman, Gregory (Inventor); Kaplan, David (Inventor); Vunjak-Novakovic, Gordana (Inventor); Martin, Ivan (Inventor)

    2001-01-01

    The present invention provides a method for producing an anterior cruciate ligament ex vivo. The method comprises seeding pluripotent stem cells in a three dimensional matrix, anchoring the seeded matrix by attachment to two anchors, and culturing the cells within the matrix under conditions appropriate for cell growth and regeneration, while subjecting the matrix to one or more mechanical forces via movement of one or both of the attached anchors. Bone marrow stromal cells are preferably used as the pluripotent cells in the method. Suitable matrix materials are materials to which cells can adhere, such as a gel made from collagen type I. Suitable anchor materials are materials to which the matrix can attach, such as Goinopra coral and also demineralized bone. Optimally, the mechanical forces to which the matrix is subjected mimic mechanical stimuli experienced by an anterior cruciate ligament in vivo. This is accomplished by delivering the appropriate combination of tension, compression, torsion, and shear, to the matrix. The bioengineered ligament which is produced by this method is characterized by a cellular orientation and/or matrix crimp pattern in the direction of the applied mechanical forces, and also by the production of collagen type I, collagen type III, and fibronectin proteins along the axis of mechanical load produced by the mechanical forces. Optimally, the ligament produced has fiber bundles which are arranged into a helical organization. The method for producing an anterior cruciate ligament can be adapted to produce a wide range of tissue types ex vivo by adapting the anchor size and attachment sites to reflect the size of the specific type of tissue to be produced, and also adapting the specific combination of forces applied, to mimic the mechanical stimuli experienced in vivo by the specific type of tissue to be produced. The methods of the present invention can be further modified to incorporate other stimuli experienced in vivo by the particular developing tissue, some examples of the stimuli being chemical stimuli, and electro-magnetic stimuli. Some examples of tissue which can be produced include other ligaments in the body (hand, wrist, elbow, knee), tendon, cartilage, bone, muscle, and blood vessels.

  7. Radiographic findings in revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions from the Mars cohort.

    PubMed

    2013-08-01

    The Multicenter ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) Revision Study (MARS) group was developed to investigate revision ACL reconstruction outcomes. An important part of this is obtaining and reviewing radiographic studies. The goal for this radiographic analysis is to establish radiographic findings for a large revision ACL cohort to allow comparison with future studies. The study was designed as a cohort study. Various established radiographic parameters were measured by three readers. These included sagittal and coronal femoral and tibial tunnel position, joint space narrowing, and leg alignment. Inter- and intraobserver comparisons were performed. Femoral sagittal position demonstrated 42% were more than 40% anterior to the posterior cortex. On the sagittal tibia tunnel position, 49% demonstrated some impingement on full-extension lateral radiographs. Limb alignment averaged 43% medial to the medial edge of the tibial plateau. On the Rosenberg view (45-degree flexion view), the minimum joint space in the medial compartment averaged 106% of the opposite knee, but it ranged down to a minimum of 4.6%. Lateral compartment narrowing at its minimum on the Rosenberg view averaged 91.2% of the opposite knee, but it ranged down to a minimum of 0.0%. On the coronal view, verticality as measured by the angle from the center of the tibial tunnel aperture to the center of the femoral tunnel aperture measured 15.8 degree ± 6.9% from vertical. This study represents the radiographic findings in the largest revision ACL reconstruction series ever assembled. Findings were generally consistent with those previously demonstrated in the literature. PMID:23404491

  8. Anterior resection syndrome.

    PubMed

    Bryant, Catherine L C; Lunniss, Peter J; Knowles, Charles H; Thaha, Mohamed A; Chan, Christopher L H

    2012-09-01

    Up to 80% of patients with rectal cancer undergo sphincter-preserving surgery. It is widely accepted that up to 90% of such patients will subsequently have a change in bowel habit, ranging from increased bowel frequency to faecal incontinence or evacuatory dysfunction. This wide spectrum of symptoms after resection and reconstruction of the rectum has been termed anterior resection syndrome. Currently, no precise definition or causal mechanisms have been established. This disordered bowel function has a substantial negative effect on quality of life. Previous reviews have mainly focused on different colonic reconstructive configurations and their comparative effects on daily function and quality of life. The present Review explores the potential mechanisms underlying disturbed functions, as well as current, novel, and future treatment options. PMID:22935240

  9. Achilles tendon allograft reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee.

    PubMed

    Linn, R M; Fischer, D A; Smith, J P; Burstein, D B; Quick, D C

    1993-01-01

    Thirty-five patients had reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with intraarticular fresh-frozen Achilles tendon allograft and extraarticular tibial band tenodesis. Patients were followed 2 to 4 years (mean, 2.5). Evaluation included clinical and functional examinations, measurement of tibiofemoral displacement, and anteroposterior and lateral radiographs. Clinical results were considered satisfactory in 85% of the patients; 16 had arthroscopic examination after the allograft; allograft biopsies in 9 at this time showed cellular and vascular tissue without evidence of immune reaction. Clinical, arthroscopic, and biopsy results were favorable, but radiologic results were not. In most patients there was a significant size increase in femoral and tibial bone tunnels, as measured from radiographs. In the 6 most extreme cases, bone tunnels measured 20 mm or more in diameter, twice the initial size. Etiology and clinical significance of these bone tunnel changes remain unknown. Enlargement appears to occur early after operation; it stabilizes within 2 years. No statistical correlation was seen between tunnel enlargement and results of clinical and functional examinations; nevertheless, unexplained tunnel enlargement is cause for concern, and allograft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament with fresh-frozen Achilles tendon allograft should be considered a salvage procedure. PMID:8291633

  10. Malunion following flexible intramedullary nails for tibial and femoral fractures in adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Winter, H.; Jain, P.; Bache, C. E.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose Flexible intramedullary nails (FIN) are increasingly used in the management of paediatric tibial and femoral fractures. Concerns have recently been raised regarding the use of FIN in older children. The aim of this study was to determine how effective FIN is in treating tibial and femoral fractures in adolescents. Methods Patients aged 11 years or older undergoing FIN for tibial and femoral fractures between 2003 and 2009 were identified. Radiographs and case notes were reviewed to identify complications. Results Thirty-five consecutive adolescent patients underwent FIN for tibial (n = 21) and femoral fractures (n = 15), with a mean age of 12.9 years. The mean radiographic follow up was 29 weeks. Sixty percent (60%, n = 9) and 38% (n = 9) of femoral and tibial fractures, respectively, malunited. Fracture severity was associated with increased malunion for both tibial and femoral fractures (P = 0.046 and P = 0.044, respectively). Two femoral fractures took longer than 20 weeks to unite and seven tibial fractures took longer than 16 weeks to unite. Conclusion The higher than expected rates of malunion and delayed union in this study suggest that other treatments should be considered when treating adolescents with unstable tibial or femoral fractures. PMID:22132035

  11. The effect of localized leg muscle fatigue on tibial impact acceleration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janice M Flynn; Jeffrey D Holmes; David M Andrews

    2004-01-01

    Objective. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of localized leg muscle fatigue on tibial acceleration following impact.Background. Peak tibial accelerations measured just distal to the knee joint during running have been shown to increase with general body fatigue. However, the role that local leg muscle fatigue plays in shock attenuation is not clear.Methods. The unshod, dominant

  12. Grade 3 open tibial shaft fractures treated with a circular frame, functional outcome and systematic review of literature.

    PubMed

    Dickson, D R; Moulder, E; Hadland, Y; Giannoudis, P V; Sharma, H K

    2015-04-01

    We report on the surgical and functional outcome of 22 patients with Grade 3 open tibial fractures treated with circular frame. All cases united and there were no re-fractures or amputations. All patients were assessed at a minimum of 1-year post frame removal. Assessment included clinical examination, IOWA ankle and knee scores, Olerud and Molander ankle score and EuroQol EQ-5D. Clinical scores were either good or excellent in over half of the patients in all knee and ankle scores. There was a significant positive correlation between functional outcomes and the EQ-5D score. The EQ-5D mean health state visual analogue score was comparable to the general UK population despite patients scoring less than the average UK population in three of the five domains. 36% reported some difficulties in walking and 41% had problems with pain. 14% had difficulties with self-care and 46% had difficulties with their usual activities. 14% had problems with anxiety or depression. Systematic review of the literature suggests, in the management of open tibial fractures, circular frames provide equivalent or superior surgical outcomes in comparison with other techniques. Our study finds the application of a circular frame also results in a good functional outcome in the majority of cases. PMID:25648287

  13. Bone bruises in anterior cruciate ligament injured knee and long-term outcomes. A review of the evidence

    PubMed Central

    Papalia, Rocco; Torre, Guglielmo; Vasta, Sebastiano; Zampogna, Biagio; Pedersen, Douglas R; Denaro, Vincenzo; Amendola, Annunziato

    2015-01-01

    Background Bone bruises are frequently associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears as a result of trauma or direct shear stress of the bone. Purpose To review the evidence regarding the characteristics of the bone bruise associated with ACL tears, its relevance on clinical outcomes, and its progression over time. In particular, the long-term effects of the bone bruise on the knee osteochondral architecture and joint function were evaluated. Study design Review; level of evidence: 4. Methods An electronic search was performed on PubMed. Combinations of keywords included: “bone bruise AND knee”; “bone bruise AND anterior cruciate ligament”; “bone bruise AND osteo-chondral defects”. Any level of evidence studies concerning bone bruises in patients with partial or complete ACL tears were retrieved. Results A total of 25 studies were included; three of them investigated biomechanical parameters, seven were concerned with clinical outcomes, and 15 were radiological studies. Evaluation of the bone bruise is best performed using a fat-saturated T2-weighted fast spin echo exam or a short tau inversion recovery sequence where fat saturation is challenging. The location of the injury has been demonstrated to be more frequent in the lateral compartment of the joint (lateral femoral condyle and lateral tibial plateau). It is associated with ACL tears in approximately 70% of cases, often with collateral ligament or meniscal tears. Mid- and long-term outcomes demonstrated a complete healing of the marrow lesions at magnetic resonance imaging, but chondral defects detected with T1? sequences are still present 1 year after the ACL injury. Functional examination of the knee, through clinical International Knee Documentation Committee scores, did not show any correlation with the bone bruise. Conclusion Although bone bruise presence yields to higher pain levels, no correlation with functional outcomes was reported. Most studies have a short-term follow-up (<2 years) compared to the length of time it takes to develop post-traumatic osteoarthritis, so it still remains unclear whether the initial joint injury and bone bruise have a direct relationship to long-term function. PMID:25733936

  14. Anatomic Single Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction by Low Accessory Anteromedial Portal Technique: An In Vivo 3D CT Study

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kwang Won; Chi, Yong Joo; Yang, Dae Suk; Kim, Ha Yong; Choy, Won Sik

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Proper femoral tunnel position is important for anatomical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the positions of femoral and tibial tunnels created using an accessory anteromedial portal technique in single bundle ACL reconstruction. Materials and Methods The femoral tunnel was targeted at the mid-portion of the ACL bundles. We evaluated postoperative computed tomography scans of 32 patients treated by ACL reconstruction using a free-hand low accessory anteromedial portal technique. On the tibial side, the tunnel position was evaluated using Tsukada's method. On the femoral side, the position was evaluated using 1) the quadrant method, 2) Mochizuki's method, 3) Mochizuki's method, and 4) Takahashi's method. Tunnel obliquity was also evaluated. Results The mean tibial tunnel position was located at 44.6%±2.5% anterior from the anterior margin and 48.0%±3.0% in medial from the medial margin. The mean femoral tunnel position was located at the center between the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles: Quadrant method, 26.7%±2.7%/30.0%±2.9%; Watanabe's method, 37.7%±2.5%/26.6%±2.2%; Mochizuki's method, 38.7%±2.7%; Takahashi's method, 21.8%±2.2%. The mean femoral tunnel obliquity was 57.7°±6.2° in the sagittal plane and 49.9°±5.6° in the coronal plane. Conclusions In anatomic single bundle ACL reconstruction, the low anteromedial portal technique can restore accurate position of the native footprint. Accurate femoral tunnel position facilitates recovery of stability and decreases graft failure rate. PMID:24944975

  15. 38 CFR 3.379 - Anterior poliomyelitis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Anterior poliomyelitis. 3.379 Section 3.379 ...Specific Diseases § 3.379 Anterior poliomyelitis. If the first manifestations of acute anterior poliomyelitis present themselves in a...

  16. 38 CFR 3.379 - Anterior poliomyelitis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Anterior poliomyelitis. 3.379 Section 3.379 ...Specific Diseases § 3.379 Anterior poliomyelitis. If the first manifestations of acute anterior poliomyelitis present themselves in a...

  17. 38 CFR 3.379 - Anterior poliomyelitis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Anterior poliomyelitis. 3.379 Section 3.379 ...Specific Diseases § 3.379 Anterior poliomyelitis. If the first manifestations of acute anterior poliomyelitis present themselves in a...

  18. 38 CFR 3.379 - Anterior poliomyelitis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Anterior poliomyelitis. 3.379 Section 3.379 ...Specific Diseases § 3.379 Anterior poliomyelitis. If the first manifestations of acute anterior poliomyelitis present themselves in a...

  19. 38 CFR 3.379 - Anterior poliomyelitis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Anterior poliomyelitis. 3.379 Section 3.379 ...Specific Diseases § 3.379 Anterior poliomyelitis. If the first manifestations of acute anterior poliomyelitis present themselves in a...

  20. Diverse muscle architecture adaptations in a rabbit tibial lengthening model

    PubMed Central

    Takahashi, Mitsuhiko; Yasui, Natsuo; Enishi, Tetsuya; Sato, Nori; Mizobuchi, Takatoshi; Homma, Yukako; Sairyo, Koichi

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background: during limb lengthening, muscles are thought to increase the number of sarcomeres. However, this adaptation may differ among muscles with diverse architecture. Purpose: this study wish to clarify the differences in muscle adaptation in a rabbit model of tibial lengthening. Methods: twelve rabbits underwent tibial lengthening (0.7 mm/day for 4 weeks), with the contralateral limb serving as a control, and were euthanized after either the lengthening or the consolidation period. Six muscles around the tibia were investigated in terms of muscle belly length, muscle weight, sarcomere length and serial sarcomere number. Results: muscle belly length increased in all the lengthened muscles. No increases in muscle mass were noted. Sarcomere length increased in the ankle plantar-flexors and was kept longer than the optimal sarcomere length after the consolidation period. Nevertheless, significant increases in sarcomere number were observed in two ankle plantar-flexors. Conclusion: this study demonstrated that muscle belly length largely adapted to the lengthening. The increase in sarcomere number did not match the increase in muscle belly length. We estimated that elongation of the intramuscular aponeuroses is another mechanism of the adaptation in addition to the increase in sarcomere number. PMID:25767780

  1. Delayed intra-articular migration of the IntraFix outer sheath after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lee, Kee-Byung; Song, Si Young; Paik, Sang Hoon; Shin, Won Hyoung

    2011-10-01

    We describe a case of foreign body synovitis caused by delayed intra-articular migration of the outer sheath 5 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with a quadrupled tibialis allograft tendon using the IntraFix device for tibial fixation. The postoperative course was unremarkable. At 5 months after surgery, the patient experienced a sudden catching sensation and a slight pain without any obvious twisting or trauma. At 6 months after surgery, extension deficit was 20°. At arthroscopy, intra-articular migration of the outer sheath from the tibial tunnel and reactive synovitis were observed. The outer sheath in the joint and the inner screw in the tibial tunnel were removed successfully. The ACL graft was well incorporated under good tension. Patient was able to return to her previous level of all daily activities with no further episodes of swelling. To our knowledge, described here is the only case of foreign body synovitis due to intra-articular migration of the unbroken sheath. PMID:20800499

  2. Clinical Applications of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Su-Ho

    2015-01-01

    Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) was recently developed and has become a crucial tool in clinical practice. AS-OCT is a noncontact imaging device that provides the detailed structure of the anterior part of the eyes. In this review, the author will discuss the various clinical applications of AS-OCT, such as the normal findings, tear meniscus measurement, ocular surface disease (e.g., pterygium, pinguecula, and scleromalacia), architectural analysis after cataract surgery, post-LASIK keratectasia, Descemet's membrane detachment, evaluation of corneal graft after keratoplasty, corneal deposits (corneal dystrophies and corneal verticillata), keratitis, anterior segment tumors, and glaucoma evaluation (angle assessment, morphological analysis of the filtering bleb after trabeculectomy, or glaucoma drainage device implantation surgery). The author also presents some interesting cases demonstrated via AS-OCT. PMID:25821589

  3. Temporary intra-operative reduction techniques for tibial fracture fixation: A review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Beazley, J C; Hull, P

    2010-12-01

    Accurate intra-operative reduction and maintenance of reduction is essential for successful fixation of tibial fractures. Although many tibial fractures can be reduced with minimal manipulation, numerous techniques have been described to facilitate fixation of more difficult fractures. These include use of a traction table, manual traction techniques, temporary distracters, reduction clamps and temporary unicortical plating. This article reviews the literature and assesses the options available for the temporary reduction and maintenance of reduction of tibial fractures prior to definitive fixation. PMID:20691444

  4. Recovery of the posterior tibial muscle after late reconstruction following tendon rupture.

    PubMed

    Valderrabano, Victor; Hintermann, Beat; Wischer, Thorsten; Fuhr, Peter; Dick, Walter

    2004-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the recovery potential of the posterior tibial muscle after late reconstruction following tendon rupture in stage II of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. Fourteen patients (18 women, 6 men; mean age 59.8 years) were investigated 47 months (range, 24-76 months) after surgical reconstruction of a completely ruptured posterior tibial tendon (end-to-end anastomosis, side-to-side augmentation with the flexor digitorum longus tendon) in combination with a distal calcaneal osteotomy with a tricortical iliac crest bone graft for lengthening of the lateral column. At follow-up, clinical and radiological investigations were performed, including strength measurement and qualitative and quantitative MRI investigation. The overall clinical results were graded excellent in 12 patients, good in one, fair in one, and poor in none. The average ankle-hindfoot score (American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) improved from preoperatively 49.1 (range, 32-60) to 93.1 (range, 76-100) at follow-up. The functional result correlated with patient's satisfaction and sports activities (p <.05). All patients showed a significant strength of the posterior tibial muscle on the affected side, but it was smaller than on non-affected side (p <.05). The mean posterior tibial muscle strength was 75.1 N on affected and 104.9 N on nonaffected side, corresponding to a ratio of 0.73 between the two legs. The mean area of the posterior tibial muscle was 1.89 cm(2) on affected side, and 3.48 cm(2) on nonaffected side, corresponding to a ratio of 0.55 between the two legs. While fatty degeneration for the posterior tibial muscle was found in all patients, it was found to decrease with increasing strength of the posterior tibial muscle (p <.05) and muscular size (p <.05). On postoperative MRI, the posterior tibial tendon could be found to be intact in all patients. The recovery potential of the posterior tibial muscle was shown to be significant even after delayed repair of its ruptured tendon. A ruptured and/or diseased posterior tibial tendon should not be transected as it excludes any recovery possibilities of the posterior tibial muscle. PMID:14992708

  5. Fracture of the Medial Tibial Sesamoid Bone of the Foot-Case Report

    PubMed Central

    K.M., Srinath; Jeevannavar, Santosh S.; Shettar, Chidendra M.

    2015-01-01

    The sesamoid bone ligament complex of foot contains two sesamoid bones one medial tibial sesamoid and other lateral fibular sesamoid bone, both embedded in the plantar ligament beneath first metatarsal head. The incidence of medial tibial sesamoid bone fracture is rare. Clinically they are often misdiagnosed as soft tissue injuries and often missed. We present a case of fracture medial tibial sesamoid bone in a young athlete who was diagnosed radiologically and treated conservatively with activity restriction and foot wear modification. Our case draws attention to this easily treatable fracture and outlines the investigative modalities in diagnosing this fracture. PMID:26023612

  6. Biomechanical analysis of the anterior cervical fusion.

    PubMed

    Fernandes, P C; Fernandes, P R; Folgado, J O; Levy Melancia, J

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a biomechanical analysis of the cervical C5-C6 functional spine unit before and after the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. The aim of this work is to study the influence of the medical procedure and its instrumentation on range of motion and stress distribution. First, a three-dimensional finite element model of the lower cervical spine is obtained from computed tomography images using a pipeline of image processing, geometric modelling and mesh generation software. Then, a finite element study of parameters' influence on motion and a stress analysis at physiological and different post-operative scenarios were made for the basic movements of the cervical spine. It was confirmed that the results were very sensitive to intervertebral disc properties. The insertion of an anterior cervical plate influenced the stress distribution at the vertebral level as well as in the bone graft. Additionally, stress values in the graft decreased when it is used together with a cage. PMID:21806410

  7. Use of bone graft substitutes in the management of tibial plateau fractures.

    PubMed

    Goff, Thomas; Kanakaris, Nikolaos K; Giannoudis, Peter V

    2013-01-01

    The current available evidence for the use of bone graft substitutes in the management of subchondral bone defects associated with tibial plateau fractures as to their efficiency and safety has been collected following a literature review of the Ovid MEDLINE (1948-Present) and EMBASE (1980-Present). Nineteen studies were analysed reporting on 672 patients (674 fractures), with a mean age of 50.35 years (range 15-89), and a gender ratio of 3/2 males/females. The graft substitutes evaluated in the included studies were calcium phosphate cement, hydroxyapatite granules, calcium sulphate, bioactive glass, tricalcium phosphate, demineralised bone matrix, allografts, and xenograft. Fracture healing was uneventful in over 90% of the cases over a variant period of time. Besides two studies reporting on injectable calcium phosphate cement excellent incorporation was reported within 6 to 36 months post-surgery. No correlation was made by any of the authors between poor incorporation/resorption and adverse functional or radiological outcome. Secondary collapse of the knee joint surface ? 2 mm was reported in 8.6% in the biological substitutes (allograft, DBM, and xenograft), 5.4% in the hydroxyapatite, 3.7% in the calcium phosphate cement, and 11.1% in the calcium sulphate cases. The recorded incidence of primary surgical site and donor site infection (3.6%) was not statistically significant different, however donor site-related pain was reported up to 12 months following autologous iliac bone graft (AIBG) harvest. Shorter total operative time, greater tolerance of early weight bearing, improved early functional outcomes within the first year post-surgery was also recorded in the studies reporting on the use of injectable calcium phosphate cement (Norian SRS). Despite a lack of good quality randomised control trials, there is arguably sufficient evidence supporting the use of bone graft substitutes at the clinical setting of depressed plateau fractures. PMID:23351879

  8. Evaluating Glucocorticoid Administration on Biomechanical Properties of Rats’ Tibial Diaphysis

    PubMed Central

    Freidouni, Mohammadjavad; Nejati, Hossein; Salimi, Maryam; Bayat, Mohammad; Amini, Abdollah; Noruzian, Mohsen; Asgharie, Mohammad Ali; Rezaian, Milad

    2015-01-01

    Background: Osteoporosis is a disease, which causes bone loss and fractures. Although glucocorticoids effectively suppress inflammation, their chronic use is accompanied by bone loss with a tendency toward secondary osteoporosis. Objectives: This study took into consideration the importance of cortical bone in the entire bone's mechanical competence. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of different protocols of glucocorticoid administration on the biomechanical properties of tibial bone diaphysis in rats compared to control and low-level laser-treated rats. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. We used systematic random sampling to divide 40 adult male rats into 8 groups with 5 rats in each group. Groups were as follows: 1) control, 2) dexamethasone (7 mg/week), 3) dexamethasone (0.7 mg/week), 4) methylprednisolone (7 mg/kg/week), 5) methylprednisolone (5 mg/kg twice weekly), 6) dexamethasone (7 mg/kg three times per week), 7) dexamethasone (0.7 mg/kg thrice per week), and 8) low-level laser-treated rats. The study periods were 4-7 weeks. At the end of the treatment periods, we examined the mechanical properties of tibial bone diaphysis. Data were analyzed by statistical analyses. Results: Glucocorticoid-treated rats showed weight loss and considerable mortality (21%). The biomechanical properties (maximum force) of glucocorticoid-treated rats in groups 4 (62 ± 2.9), 6 (63 ± 5.1), and 7 (60 ± 5.3) were comparable with the control (46 ± 1.5) and low-level laser-treated (57 ± 3.2) rats. Conclusions: In contrast to the findings in humans and certain other species, glucocorticoid administration caused anabolic effect on the cortical bone of tibia diaphysis bone in rats. PMID:26019900

  9. Outcome of double bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using crosspin and aperture fixation

    PubMed Central

    Joshi, Deepak; Jain, Vineet; Goyal, Ankit; Bahl, Vibhu; Modi, Prashant; Chaudhary, Deepak

    2014-01-01

    Background: Double bundle anterior cruciate ligament (DBACL) reconstruction is said to reproduce the native anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) anatomy better than single bundle anterior cruciate ligament, whether it leads to better functional results is debatable. Different fixation methods have been used for DBACL reconstruction, the most common being aperture fixation on tibial side and cortical suspensory fixation on the femoral side. We present the results of DBACL reconstruction technique, wherein on the femoral side anteromedial (AM) bundle is fixed with a crosspin and aperture fixation was done for the posterolateral (PL) bundle. Materials and Methods: Out of 157 isolated ACL injury patients who underwent ACL reconstruction, 100 were included in the prospective study. Arthroscopic DBACL reconstruction was done using ipsilateral hamstring autograft. AM bundle was fixed using Transfix (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) on the femoral side and bio interference screw (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) on the tibial side. PL bundle was fixed on femoral as well as on tibial side with a biointerference screw. Patients were evaluated using KT-1000 arthrometer, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Score and isokinetic muscle strength testing. Methods: Out of 157 isolated ACL injury patients who underwent ACL reconstruction, 100 were included in the prospective study. Arthroscopic DBACL reconstruction was done using ipsilateral hamstring autograft. AM bundle was fixed using Transfix (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) on the femoral side and bio interference screw (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) on the tibial side. PL bundle was fixed on femoral as well as on tibial side with a biointerference screw. Patients were evaluated using KT-1000 arthrometer, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Score and isokinetic muscle strength testing. Results: The KT-1000 results were evaluated using paired t test with the P value set at 0.001. At the end of 1 year, the anteroposterior side to side translation difference (KT-1000 manual maximum) showed mean improvement from 5.1 mm ± 1.5 preoperatively to 1.6 mm ± 1.2 (P < 0.001) postoperatively. The Lysholm score too showed statistically significant (P < 0.001) improvement from 52.4 ± 15.2 (range: 32-76) preoperatively to a postoperative score of 89.1 ± 3.2 (range 67-100). According to the IKDC score 90% patients had normal results (Category A and B). The AM femoral tunnel initial posterior blow out was seen in 4 patients and confluence in the intraarticular part of the femoral tunnels was seen in 6 patients intraoperatively. The quadriceps strength on isokinetic testing had an average deficit of 10.3% while the hamstrings had a 5.2% deficit at the end of 1 year as compared with the normal side. Conclusion: Our study revealed that the DBACL reconstruction using crosspin fixation for AM bundle and aperture fixation for PL bundle on the femoral side resulted in significant improvement in KT 1000, Lysholm and IKDC scores. PMID:24600062

  10. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction complicated by pyoderma gangrenosum.

    PubMed

    Bagouri, E; Smith, Jon; Geutjens, G

    2012-11-01

    We report a case of pyoderma gangrenosum as a complication of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in a patient with inflammatory bowel disease, which was misdiagnosed initially as a post-operative wound infection. An early dermatology opinion and skin biopsy should be considered in cases of suspected infection where thorough surgical debridement and antimicrobial therapy has failed to improve the clinical picture. PMID:23131219

  11. Diffuse anterior retinoblastoma: A review?

    PubMed Central

    Jijelava, Kristen P.; Grossniklaus, Hans E.

    2013-01-01

    Diffuse anterior retinoblastoma is a rare variant of diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma which occurs in up to 1–2% of cases of retinoblastoma. In diffuse anterior retinoblastoma there is a small focus of tumor in the peripheral retina from which free tumor cells enter the aqueous humor and implant on the ciliary body, iris, lens and trabecular meshwork. Patients most commonly present with pseudouveitis, pseudohypopyon and increased intraocular pressure. The differential diagnosis is broad and all of the reported cases relied upon aspirates from the aqueous humor in order to make the diagnosis prior to proceeding with treatment. Treatment involves enucleation and, depending upon the extent of the tumor, may require systemic chemotherapy or external beam radiation. This review summarizes the 7 previously reported cases of diffuse anterior retinoblastoma, discusses pathologic features, and addresses the challenges of early diagnosis and future directions. PMID:24227977

  12. Musculoskeletal model of the lower extremity of trans-tibial amputee

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lidan Fang; Xiaohong Jia; Rencheng Wang

    2007-01-01

    To predict and explain the patterns of muscle forces in the stump of a left trans-tibial amputee during walking, and to study the effects of walking speed, Musculoskeletal model is built with the combination of the computer simulation to calculate muscle forces in the trans-tibial stump during walking. Kinematic data and ground-reaction forces are simultaneously recorded by a gait analysis

  13. Femoral and tibial component rotation in total knee arthroplasty: methods and consequences.

    PubMed

    Scott, R D

    2013-11-01

    At least four ways have been described to determine femoral component rotation, and three ways to determine tibial component rotation in total knee replacement (TKR). Each method has its advocates and each has an influence on knee kinematics and the ultimate short and long term success of TKR. Of the four femoral component methods, the author prefers rotating the femoral component in flexion to that amount that establishes a stable symmetrical flexion gap. This judgement is made after the soft tissues of the knee have been balanced in extension. Of the three tibial component methods, the author prefers rotating the tibial component into congruency with the established femoral component rotation with the knee is in extension. This yields a rotationally congruent articulation during weight-bearing and should minimise the torsional forces being transferred through a conforming tibial insert, which could lead to wear to the underside of the tibial polyethylene. Rotating platform components will compensate for any mal-rotation, but can still lead to pain if excessive tibial insert rotation causes soft-tissue impingement. PMID:24187373

  14. Review of evolution of tunnel position in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Rayan, Faizal; Nanjayan, Shashi Kumar; Quah, Conal; Ramoutar, Darryl; Konan, Sujith; Haddad, Fares S

    2015-01-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is one of the commonest knee sport injuries. The annual incidence of the ACL injury is between 100000-200000 in the United States. Worldwide around 400000 ACL reconstructions are performed in a year. The goal of ACL reconstruction is to restore the normal knee anatomy and kinesiology. The tibial and femoral tunnel placements are of primordial importance in achieving this outcome. Other factors that influence successful reconstruction are types of grafts, surgical techniques and rehabilitation programmes. A comprehensive understanding of ACL anatomy has led to the development of newer techniques supplemented by more robust biological and mechanical concepts. In this review we are mainly focussing on the evolution of tunnel placement in ACL reconstruction, focusing on three main categories, i.e., anatomical, biological and clinical outcomes. The importance of tunnel placement in the success of ACL reconstruction is well researched. Definite clinical and functional data is lacking to establish the superiority of the single or double bundle reconstruction technique. While there is a trend towards the use of anteromedial portals for femoral tunnel placement, their clinical superiority over trans-tibial tunnels is yet to be established. PMID:25793165

  15. Review of evolution of tunnel position in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Rayan, Faizal; Nanjayan, Shashi Kumar; Quah, Conal; Ramoutar, Darryl; Konan, Sujith; Haddad, Fares S

    2015-03-18

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is one of the commonest knee sport injuries. The annual incidence of the ACL injury is between 100000-200000 in the United States. Worldwide around 400000 ACL reconstructions are performed in a year. The goal of ACL reconstruction is to restore the normal knee anatomy and kinesiology. The tibial and femoral tunnel placements are of primordial importance in achieving this outcome. Other factors that influence successful reconstruction are types of grafts, surgical techniques and rehabilitation programmes. A comprehensive understanding of ACL anatomy has led to the development of newer techniques supplemented by more robust biological and mechanical concepts. In this review we are mainly focussing on the evolution of tunnel placement in ACL reconstruction, focusing on three main categories, i.e., anatomical, biological and clinical outcomes. The importance of tunnel placement in the success of ACL reconstruction is well researched. Definite clinical and functional data is lacking to establish the superiority of the single or double bundle reconstruction technique. While there is a trend towards the use of anteromedial portals for femoral tunnel placement, their clinical superiority over trans-tibial tunnels is yet to be established. PMID:25793165

  16. Increase in posterior tibial slope would result in correction loss in frontal plane after medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shigeki Asada; Masao Akagi; Shigeshi Mori; Tetsunao Matsushita; Kazuki Hashimoto; Chiaki Hamanishi

    Purpose  The purpose of this study was to clarify the causes of the increase in the posterior tibial slope during open-wedge high tibial\\u000a osteotomy (HTO) and to investigate whether its changes influenced the correction angle in frontal plane.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We retrospectively reviewed 20 patients (26 knees) treated with open-wedge HTO. They were divided into the following two groups.\\u000a Group A consisted of

  17. Bone transport through an induced membrane in the management of tibial bone defects resulting from chronic osteomyelitis.

    PubMed

    Marais, Leonard Charles; Ferreira, Nando

    2015-04-01

    Wide resection of infected bone improves the odds of achieving remission of infection in patients with chronic osteomyelitis. Aggressive debridement is followed by the creation of large bone defects. The use of antibiotic-impregnated PMMA spacers, as a customized dead space management tool, has grown in popularity. In addition to certain biological advantages, the spacer offers a therapeutic benefit by serving as a vehicle for delivery of local adjuvant antibiotics. In this study, we investigate the efficacy of physician-directed antibiotic-impregnated PMMA spacers in achieving remission of chronic tibial osteomyelitis. This retrospective case series involves eight patients with chronic osteomyelitis of the tibial diaphysis managed with bone transport through an induced membrane using circular external fixation. All patients were treated according to a standardized treatment protocol. A review of the anatomical nature of the disease, the physiological status of the host and the outcome of treatment in terms of remission of infection, time to union and the complications that occurred was carried out. Seven patients, with a mean bone defect of 7 cm (range 5-8 cm), were included in the study. At a mean follow-up of 28 months (range 18-45 months), clinical eradication of osteomyelitis was achieved in all patients without the need for further reoperation. The mean total external fixation time was 77 weeks (range 52-104 weeks), which equated to a mean external fixation index of 81 days/cm (range 45-107). Failure of the skeletal reconstruction occurred in one patient who was not prepared to continue with further reconstructive surgery and requested amputation. Four major and four minor complications occurred. The temporary insertion of antibiotic-impregnated PMMA appears to be a useful dead space management technique in the treatment of post-infective tibial bone defects. Although the technique does not appear to offer an advantage in terms of the external fixation index, it may serve as a useful adjunct in order to achieve resolution of infection. PMID:25840909

  18. Isometric versus tension measurements. A comparison for the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament.

    PubMed

    Fleming, B; Beynnon, B D; Johnson, R J; McLeod, W D; Pope, M H

    1993-01-01

    This study was designed to compare the displacement patterns of an isometer, used to determine graft placement during reconstruction, with the actual tensions on an anterior cruciate ligament substitute. In cadaveric specimens, a Kevlar anterior cruciate ligament substitute was implanted in three separate femoral sites, each of which was subsequently fixed to two different tibial sites. The initial tension of the Kevlar substitute was set to 22 or 33 N at 20 degrees of knee flexion. The displacement patterns for each position were recorded during passive flexion-extension using the isometer. Using a custom-designed tensiometer, the tensile forces on the substitute after rigid fixation at the tibia and femur were measured. During passive flexion-extension, the maximum change in tension of the anterior cruciate ligament substitute, measured by the tensiometer, was correlated with the maximum change in displacement between attachment sites, measured by the isometer. The coefficient of determination was equal to 0.15, indicating that the isometer may not accurately predict the tensions developed in the substitute. PMID:8427374

  19. Imaging of Anterior Knee Pain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen R. Christian; M. Bret Anderson; Ronald Workman; William F. Conway; Thomas L. Pope

    2006-01-01

    nterior knee pain (AKP) is a common complaint in primary care and orthopedic clinics. In fact, in the sports medicine clinic, up to 25% of patients with knee complaints have symptoms of anterior knee pain (1). Adolescent females and other young individuals are at particular risk for AKP. In these individuals, symptoms are usually related to increased use, fre- quently

  20. Quality of life in patients with varus gonarthrosis treated with high tibial osteotomy using the circular external fixator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Taner Gunes; Mehmet Erdem; Bora Bostan; Kursad Yeniel; Cengiz Sen

    2008-01-01

    Generally, surgeon-driven musculoskeletal evaluation systems are used for evaluating outcomes of patients who are treated\\u000a with high tibial osteotomy. In this study, we investigated the effects of high tibial osteotomy using circular external fixator\\u000a on quality of life. Twenty-one high tibial osteotomy of 19 patients were evaluated. Quality of life assessment was made using\\u000a Short Form -36 at preoperative, before

  1. Radiofrequency treatment weakens the fatigue characteristics of rabbit anterior cruciate ligament

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Merter Ozenci; Manohar M Panjabi

    2003-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate the radiofrequency treatment applied to an intact anterior cruciate ligament, and to quantify the mechanical effects of controlled cyclic loading (simulating activities of daily living) post-treatment.Design. An in vitro radiofrequency energy application to the rabbit anterior cruciate ligament and cyclic loading of the treated ligament.Background. Effect of cyclic loading on the radiofrequency treated ligament in a controlled

  2. Dissection of left iliac artery during anterior lumbar interspace fusion: Report of a case.

    PubMed

    Fischer, Uwe M; Davies, Mark G; Sayed, Hosam El

    2015-04-01

    Vascular injury is an uncommon complication of spine surgery. Among the different approaches, anterior lumbar interbody fusion has increased potential for vascular injuries, since the great vessels and their branches overly the disc spaces to be operated on, and retraction of these vessels is necessary to gain adequate surgical exposure. The reported incidence for anterior lumbar interbody fusion-associated vascular injuries ranges from 0% to 18.1%, with venous laceration as the most common type. We report a case of anterior lumbar interbody fusion-associated left common iliac artery dissection leading to delayed acute limb ischemia developing in early post-operative period. PMID:24848500

  3. Single- vs. double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a new aspect of knee assessment during activities involving dynamic knee rotation.

    PubMed

    Czamara, Andrzej; Królikowska, Aleksandra; Szuba, ?ukasz; Widuchowski, Wojciech; Kentel, Maciej

    2015-02-01

    Few studies have compared single-bundle (SB) and double-bundle (DB) anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in the knee joint during activities involving change-of-direction maneuvers and knee rotation. This study examined whether the type of ACLR contributes to postphysiotherapy outcomes, with an emphasis on knee function assessment during activities involving dynamic knee rotation. Fifteen male patients after SB ACLR and 15 male patients after DB ACLR took part in the same physiotherapy program. Twenty-four weeks after ACLR, both groups underwent anterior laxity measurement, pivot shift tests, range of movement and joint circumference measurements, subjective assessment of pain and stability levels in the knee joint, peak torque measurement of the muscles rotating the tibia toward the femur, and a run test with maximal speed and change-of-direction maneuvers. Comparative analysis did not show any differences between the results of anterior tibial translation, pivot shift test, range of movement and joint circumference, and subjective assessment of pain and knee joint stability levels. No differences were noted between the groups in peak torque values obtained from the muscles responsible for internal and external tibial rotation or results of the run test. The data obtained from this study can be used by research teams to monitor and compare the effectiveness of various study protocols involving surgical and physiotherapy treatment. The data are especially useful when combined with the clinical assessment of patients who would like to return to sport. PMID:25148470

  4. Tibial compression is anabolic in the adult mouse skeleton despite reduced responsiveness with aging.

    PubMed

    Lynch, Maureen E; Main, Russell P; Xu, Qian; Schmicker, Thomas L; Schaffler, Mitchell B; Wright, Timothy M; van der Meulen, Marjolein C H

    2011-09-01

    The ability of the skeleton to adapt to mechanical stimuli diminishes with age in diaphyseal cortical bone, making bone formation difficult for adults. However, the effect of aging on adaptation in cancellous bone, tissue which is preferentially lost with age, is not well characterized. To develop a model for early post-menopausal women and determine the effect of aging on cancellous bone adaptation in the adult mouse skeleton, in vivo tibial compression was applied to adult (26 week old) osteopenic female mice using loading parameters, peak applied load and peak diaphyseal strain magnitude, that were previously found to be osteogenic in young, growing (10 week old) mice. A Load-Matched group received the same peak applied loads (corresponding to +2100 ?? at the medial diaphysis of the tibia) and a Strain-Matched group received the same peak diaphyseal strains (+1200 ??, requiring half the load) as the young mice. The effects of mechanical loading on bone mass and architecture in adult mice were assessed using micro-computed tomography and in vivo structural stiffness measures. Adaptation occurred only in the Load-Matched group in both the metaphyseal and diaphyseal compartments. Cancellous bone mass increased 54% through trabecular thickening, and cortical area increased 41% through medullary contraction and periosteal expansion. Adult mice were able to respond to an anabolic stimulus and recover bone mass to levels seen in growing mice; however, the adaptive response was reduced relative to that in 10 week old female mice for the same applied load. Using this osteogenic loading protocol, other factors affecting pathological bone loss can be addressed using an adult osteopenic mouse model. PMID:21642027

  5. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury - aftercare

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of tissue that connects bone to bone. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is located inside your knee joint and ... Amy E, Micheo W. Anterior cruciate ligament tear. In: Frontera WR, ... of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation . 2nd ed. St. Louis, ...

  6. Electrodiagnostic Examination of the Tibial Nerve in Clinically Normal Ferrets

    PubMed Central

    Bianchi, Ezio; Callegari, Daniela; Ravera, Manuela; Dondi, Maurizio

    2010-01-01

    Tibial nerves of 10 normal domestic ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) were evaluated by means of electrodiagnostic tests: motor nerve conduction studies (MNCSs), supramaximal repetitive nerve stimulation (SRNS), F waves, and cord dorsum potentials (CDPs). Values of conduction velocity, proximal and distal compound muscular action potentials, and amplitudes of MNCS were, respectively, 63.25 ± 7.56?m/sec, 10.79 ± 2.75?mV, and 13.02 ± 3.41?mV. Mean decrements in amplitude and area of compound muscular action potentials of wave 9 with low frequency SRNS were 0.3 ± 3.83% and 0.1 ± 3.51%. The minimum latency of the F waves and the F ratio were, respectively, 8.49 ± 0.65?ms and 1.92 ± 0.17. Onset latency of CDP was 1.99 ± 0.03?ms. These tests may help in diagnosing neuromuscular disorders and in better characterizing the hindlimb paresis reported in many ferrets with systemic illnesses. PMID:20706690

  7. Immunolocalization of osteonectin in avian tibial dyschondroplastic cartilage.

    PubMed

    Wu, J; Pines, M; Gay, C V; Hurwitz, S; Leach, R M

    1996-09-01

    Osteonectin is an acidic calcium-binding protein found in cartilage, bone matrix, vascular endothelium, and areas of tissue repair. Using immunocytochemistry, osteonectin has been localized in all zones of the normal avian epiphyseal growth plate with notably high amounts in the hypertrophic zone. In the proximal portion of this zone the staining was intracellular, while in the distal calcifying portion of the hypertrophic zone staining was both intracellular and extracellular. Osteonectin was also detected in the growth plate associated with lesions of chickens with tibial dyschondroplasia (TD). Intense intracellular staining was observed in hypertrophic chondrocytes proximal to the lesion; staining was markedly diminished in the TD lesion; extracellular matrix was devoid of staining. Staining intensity was high along the peripheral edges of the lesion that were undergoing vascularization and resorption. This was the only area in the dysplastic cartilage where staining was observed in the extracellular matrix as well as intracellularly. Similar patterns were viewed in all TD lesions examined, whether they were spontaneous or induced by dietary treatments or genetic selection. PMID:8875077

  8. Component mode synthesis approach to estimate tibial strains in gait.

    PubMed

    Gaofeng, Wei; Xueling, Bai; Hongsheng, Wang; Zengliang, Fu; Chengtao, Wang

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a component mode synthesis approach to estimate tibial strains in gait. First, 3D models of the human musculoskeletal system were constructed based on the China Visible Human (CVH) dataset. Then an experiment was carried out to capture the subject gait motion. An inverse dynamic algorithm was developed to predict joint moments and an optimization algorithm was used to predict muscle forces in subject gait. Finally, a finite element model of the tibia was built. The muscle forces were input into the tibia finite element model as boundary conditions. Through the proposed component mode synthesis approach, 12 mode shapes and strains of tibia were estimated. The maximum and minimum principal strain magnitudes of tibia are 499 microstrain and -612 microstrain respectively. The maximum and minimum strain rates of tibia are 4130 microstrain s(-1) and -3970 microstrain s(-1) respectively. These figures are in line with literature values from in vivo measurements using an invasive strain gauge. In conclusion,the component mode synthesis approach may be used as a surrogate for experimental bone strain measurements and thus be of use in detailed strain estimation of bones indifferent applications. PMID:19484650

  9. Evaluation of the vascular status of autogenous hamstring tendon grafts after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in humans using magnetic resonance angiography.

    PubMed

    Arai, Yuji; Hara, Kunio; Takahashi, Takeshi; Urade, Hidenori; Minami, Ginjiro; Takamiya, Hisatake; Kubo, Toshikazu

    2008-04-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the vascular status of autogenous semitendinosus grafts after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in humans using magnetic resonance angiography. Twelve patients (mean age, 24.3 years) who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with the 4-strand semitendinosus tendon were studied. All patients underwent contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography and second-look arthroscopy in their reconstructed knees on an average of 15.8 months (range 9-22 months) after surgery. Blood vessels to the graft were visualised and contrast medium enhancement for visualising the femoral tunnel, graft, and tibial tunnel was evaluated. Magnetic resonance angiography showed that a branch of the middle genicular artery extended to the upper side of the graft through the posterior capsule and that branches of the inferior genicular artery ended at the lower side of the graft in all patients. These were consistent with the actual findings of the second-look arthroscopy. We found contrast medium enhancement in the femoral and tibial tunnels in all patients. The effect of enhancement at 9 months after ACL reconstruction was higher than that at 22 months. The graft showed enhancement patterns in the posterior portion of the femoral side and the anterior portion of the tibial side. This study demonstrated that the branches of the middle and inferior genicular arteries provide blood supply to the graft, which may influence the maturation of the graft. The revascularisation of the bone tunnels could play an important role in the healing of the ligament-bone tunnel junction. PMID:18193195

  10. Anterior spinal cord syndrome of unknown etiology

    PubMed Central

    Klakeel, Merrine; Thompson, Justin; McDonald, Frank

    2015-01-01

    A spinal cord injury encompasses a physical insult to the spinal cord. In the case of anterior spinal cord syndrome, the insult is a vascular lesion at the anterior spinal artery. We present the cases of two 13-year-old boys with anterior spinal cord syndrome, along with a review of the anatomy and vasculature of the spinal cord and an explanation of how a lesion in the cord corresponds to anterior spinal cord syndrome. PMID:25552812

  11. Anterior cranial base glioneuronal heterotopia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dattatraya Muzumdar; Jean Michaud; Enrique C. G. Ventureyra

    2006-01-01

    Background  Cranial base glioneuronal heterotopia is a nest or linear array of glioneuronal tissue within the basal meninges. It is thought to arise from aberrant migration of embryonic neuroepithelial tissues into the subarachnoid space. It frequently mimics tumors and may extend through basal skull bones into extracranial soft tissues.Case report  We describe a case of intracranial anterior skull base leptomeningeal glioneuronal heterotopia

  12. Comparison of the tibial mechanical joint orientation angles in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture

    PubMed Central

    Fuller, Mark C.; Kapatkin, Amy S.; Bruecker, Kenneth A.; Holsworth, Ian G.; Kass, Philip H.; Hayashi, Kei

    2014-01-01

    Use of the tibial mechanical joint orientation angles is now the standard of care for evaluating tibial deformities, although they have not been used to evaluate dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the tibial mechanical joint orientation angles and tibial plateau angle (TPA) between dogs with bilateral CrCL rupture (BR) and unilateral CrCL rupture with (UR-SR) and without subsequent contralateral CrCL rupture (UR-w/o-SR) as risk factors for subsequent contralateral CrCL rupture. Twenty dogs (21.7%) were classified as BR, 38 (41.3%) were classified as UR-SR, and 34 (37.0%) were classified as UR-w/o-SR. The tibial mechanical joint orientation angles and TPA, in the range studied (< 35°), were not statistically different for dogs with BR, UR-SR, and UR-w/o-SR, and were not significant risk factors for subsequent contralateral CrCL rupture. PMID:25082991

  13. Outcome of transtibial AperFix system in anterior cruciate ligament injuries

    PubMed Central

    Görmeli, Gökay; Görmeli, C Ay?e; Karakaplan, Mustafa; Korkmaz, M Fatih; Diliç?k?k, U?ur; Gözükara, Harika

    2015-01-01

    Background: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major stabilizing factor of the knee that resist anterior translation, valgus and varus forces. ACL is the most commonly ruptured ligament of the knee. The graft fixation to bone is considered to be the weakest link of the reconstruction. According to the parallel forces to the tibial drill hole and the quality of tibial metaphyseal bone is inferior to femoral bone stock, graft fixation to the tibia is more difficult to secure. AperFix system (Cayenne Medical, Inc., Scottsdale, Arizona, USA) which consists femoral and tibial component that includes bioinert polymer polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is one of the new choice for ACL reconstruction surgery. aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes and fixation durability of the AperFix (Cayenne Madical, Inc., Scottsdale, Arizona, USA) system and to determine the effect of patient's age in arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Materials and Methods: Patients with symptomatic anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent arthroscopic reconstruction. Patients were evaluated in terms of range of motion (ROM) values; Lysholm, Cincinati and Tegner activity scales; laxity testing and complications. Femoral tunnel widening was assessed by computer tomography scans. Early postoperative and last followup radiographs were compared. Results: Fifty one patients were evaluated with mean followup of 29 months (range 25–34 months). Mean age at the surgery was 26.5 ± 7.2 years. Lysholm, Cincinati and Tegner activity scales were significantly higher from preoperative scores (Lysholm scores: Preoperative: 51.4 ± 17.2, postoperative: 88.6 ± 7.7 [P < 0.001]; Tegner activity scores: Preoperative 3.3 ± 1.38, postoperative: 5.3 ± 1.6 [P < 0.001]; Cincinati scores: Preoperative: 44.3 ± 17, postoperative: 81.3 ± 13.9 [P < 0.001]). The mean femoral tunnel diameter increased significantly from 9.94 ± 0.79 mm postoperatively to 10.79 ± 0.95 mm (P < 0.05). The mean ROM deficit (involved vs. contra knee) was ?7.2 ± 16 (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference for knee score, ROM deficits (<30 years: ?7.3 ± 15 and >30 years ?7.06 ± 19) and femoral tunnel enlargement (<30 years: 0.83 ± 0.52 and >30 years 0.87 ± 0.43) of the patients with below and above 30 year. There was no significant difference for knee scores and femoral tunnel enlargement between patients with meniscal injuries and don’t have meniscus lesions. Conclusion: The AperFix system gives satisfactory clinical and radiological results with low complication rate. However, long term clinical and radiological results are needed to decide the ideal anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction method. PMID:26015602

  14. Clinical Results of Technique for Double Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Hybrid Femoral Fixation and Retroscrew

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Doo-Sup; Yi, Chang-Ho; Chung, Hoi-Jung

    2011-01-01

    Background Anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been presented as a means to more accurately restore the native anatomy of this ligament. This article describes a new method that uses a double bundle to perform ACL reconstruction and to evaluate the clinical outcome. Methods Grafts are tibialis anterior tendon allograft for anteromedial bundle (AMB) and hamstring tendon autograft without detachment of the tibial insertion for posterolateral bundle (PLB). This technique creates 2 tunnels in both the femur and tibia. Femoral fixation was done by hybrid fixation using Endobutton and Rigidfix for AMB and by biointerference screw for PLB. Tibial fixations are done by Retroscrew for AMB and by native insertion of hamstring tendon for PLB. Both bundles are independently and differently tensioned. We performed ACL reconstruction in 63 patients using our new technique. Among them, 47 participated in this study. The patients were followed up with clinical examination, Lysholm scales and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scoring system and radiological examination with a minimum 12 month follow-up duration. Results Significant improvement was seen on Lachman test and pivot-shift test between preoperative and last follow-up. Only one of participants had flexion contracture about 5 degrees at last follow-up. In anterior drawer test by KT-1000, authors found improvement from average 8.3 mm (range, 4 to 18 mm) preoperatively to average 1.4 mm (range, 0 to 6 mm) at last follow-up. Average Lysholm score of all patients was 72.7 ± 8.8 (range, 54 to 79) preoperatively and significant improvement was seen, score was 92.2 ± 5.3 (range, 74 to 97; p < 0.05) at last follow-up. Also IKDC score was normal in 35 cases, near normal in 11 cases, abnormal in 1 case at last follow-up. Conclusions Our new double bundle ACL reconstruction technique used hybrid fixation and Retroscrew had favorable outcomes. PMID:22162791

  15. Association of Posterior Tibial Tendon Injury with Spring Ligament Injury, Sinus Tarsi Abnormality, and Plantar Fasciitis on MR Imaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul F. Balen; Clyde A. Helms

    OBJECTIVE . The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of abnormalities of the spring ligament, sinus tarsi, and plantar fascia revealed on MR imaging in a group of patients with advanced injury of the posterior tibial tendon. MATERIALS AND METHODS . MR images from 25 patients with advanced posterior tibial tendon injury were retrospectively examined for spring

  16. Higher tibial quantitative ultrasound in young female swimmers

    PubMed Central

    Falk, B; Bronshtein, Z; Zigel, L; Constantini, N; Eliakim, A

    2004-01-01

    Background: It has been found that swimming, a non-impact sport, generally has no effect on bone mineral density. Objectives: To examine bone properties, as measured by quantitative ultrasound, among female swimmers in comparison with control girls and women. Methods: Subjects included 61 swimmers and 71 controls aged 8.5 to 26.5 years. None of the swimmers was at the elite level and none had included resistance training in her schedule. Bone speed of sound (SOS) was measured bilaterally at the distal radius and the mid-tibia. Results: No differences were observed between swimmers and controls in body mass (mean (SD): 49.7 (12.3) v 50.7 (12.4) kg, respectively), although swimmers were taller (159 (12) v 155 (12) cm) and had lower body fat (18.3 (4.2)% v 22.3 (5.4)%). No difference was found in time since menarche (5.2 (4.0) and 4.5 (2.9) years in swimmers and controls, respectively; 21 swimmers and 25 control were premenarcheal). Radial speed of sound (SOS) increased with age but did not differ between swimmers and controls (non-dominant: 3904 (172) and 3889 (165) m/s for swimmers and controls, respectively). Tibial SOS also increased with age and was significantly higher in swimmers than in controls (non-dominant: 3774 (155) v 3712 (171) m/s). No differences were found between dominant and non-dominant sides. Conclusions: Swimming appears to be associated with higher bone SOS in the lower but not in the upper extremities. Further studies are needed to assess whether this difference reflects higher habitual activity among the swimmers or swimming specific mechanisms. PMID:15273187

  17. Loss of Tibial Bone Density in Patients with Rotating- or Fixed-platform TKA

    PubMed Central

    Pandit, Salil; Walker, Cameron G.; Clatworthy, Mark; Pitto, Rocco P.

    2009-01-01

    Little is known about tibial bone remodeling with TKA and its clinical relevance. We performed a randomized clinical trial to compare tibial bone density changes in cemented components with different bearing designs. Bone density changes were assessed using quantitative computed tomography (qCT)-assisted osteodensitometry. Twenty-eight rotating-platform and 26 fixed-platform cemented TKAs were included. The nonoperated contralateral side was used as a control. CT scans were performed postoperatively and 1 year and 2 years after the index operation. Cancellous bone density loss (up to 12.6% at 2 years) was observed in all proximal tibial regions in both cohorts. In contrast, we found lower cortical bone density loss (up to 3.6% at 2 years). We found no differences in bone loss between fixed- and rotating-platform implants. The decrease of cancellous bone density after TKA suggests stress transfer to the cortical bone. PMID:19322618

  18. Oxidation and other property changes of retrieved sequentially annealed UHMWPE acetabular and tibial bearings.

    PubMed

    Reinitz, Steven D; Currier, Barbara H; Van Citters, Douglas W; Levine, Rayna A; Collier, John P

    2015-04-01

    This investigation analyzed retrieved sequentially crosslinked and annealed (SXL) ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene bearings to determine whether the material is chemically stable in vivo. A series of retrieved tibial and acetabular components were analyzed for changes in ketone oxidation, crosslink density, and free radical concentration. Oxidation was observed to increase with in vivo duration, and the rate of oxidation in tibial inserts was significantly greater than in acetabular liners. SXL acetabular bearings oxidized at a rate comparable to gamma-sterilized liners, while SXL tibial inserts oxidized at a significantly faster rate than their gamma-sterilized counterparts. A significant decrease in crosslink density with increased mean ketone oxidation index was observed, suggesting that in vivo oxidation may be causing material degradation. Furthermore, a subsurface whitened damage region was also found in a subset of the bearings, indicating the possibility of a clinically relevant decrease in mechanical properties of these components. PMID:24956572

  19. Tibial plateau coverage in UKA: a comparison of patient specific and off-the-shelf implants.

    PubMed

    Carpenter, Dylan P; Holmberg, Rebecca R; Quartulli, Marc J; Barnes, C Lowry

    2014-09-01

    Poor tibial component fit can lead to issues including pain, loosening and subsidence. Morphometric data, from 30 patients undergoing UKA were utilized; comparing size, match and fit between patient-specific and off-the-shelf implants. CT images were prospectively obtained and implants modeled in CAD, utilizing sizing templates with off-the-shelf and CAD designs with patient-specific implants. Virtual surgery was performed, maximizing tibial plateau coverage while minimizing implant overhang. Each implant evaluated to examine tibial fit. Patient-specific implants provided significantly greater cortical rim surface area coverage versus off-the-shelf implants: 77% v. 43% medially and 60% v. 37% laterally. Significantly less cortical rim overhang and undercoverage were observed with patient-specific implants. Patient-specific implants provide superior cortical bone coverage and fit while minimizing overhang and undercoverage seen in off-the-shelf implants. PMID:24768541

  20. Effect of Varying Hamstring Tension on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Strain During in Vitro Impulsive Knee Flexion and Compression Loading

    PubMed Central

    Withrow, Thomas J.; Huston, Laura J.; Wojtys, Edward M.; Ashton-Miller, James A.

    2008-01-01

    Background: The hamstring muscles are well positioned to limit both anterior tibial translation and anterior cruciate ligament strain during the knee flexion phase of a jump landing. We hypothesized that systematically increasing or decreasing hamstring tension during the knee flexion phase of a simulated jump landing would significantly affect peak relative strain in the anterior cruciate ligament. Methods: Ten cadaveric knees from four male and six female donors (mean age [and standard deviation] at the time of death, 60.3 ± 23.6 years) were mounted in a custom fixture to initially position the specimen in 25° of knee flexion and simulate axial impulsive loading averaging 1700 N to cause an increase in knee flexion. Quadriceps, hamstring, and gastrocnemius muscle forces were simulated with use of pretensioned linear springs, with the tension in the hamstrings arranged to be increased, held constant, decreased, at “baseline,” or absent during knee flexion. Impulsive loading applied along the tibia and femur was monitored with use of triaxial load transducers, while uniaxial load cells monitored quadriceps and medial and lateral hamstring forces. Relative strain in the anterior cruciate ligament was measured with use of a differential variable reluctance transducer, and tibiofemoral kinematics were measured optoelectronically. For each specimen, anterior cruciate ligament strains were recorded over eighty impact trials: ten preconditioning trials, ten “baseline” trials involving decreasing hamstring tension performed before and after three sets of ten trials conducted with increasing hamstring tension, constant hamstring tension, or no hamstring tension. Peak relative strains in the anterior cruciate ligament were normalized for comparison across specimens. Results: Increasing hamstring force during the knee flexion landing phase decreased the peak relative strain in the anterior cruciate ligament by >70% compared with the baseline condition (p = 0.005). Neither a constant hamstring muscle force nor the absence of a hamstring force significantly changed the peak strain in the anterior cruciate ligament relative to the baseline condition. Conclusions: Increasing hamstring muscle force during the knee flexion phase of a simulated jump landing significantly reduces the peak relative strain in the anterior cruciate ligament in vitro. Clinical Relevance: It may be possible to proactively limit peak anterior cruciate ligament strain during the knee flexion phase of jump landings by accentuating hip flexion, thereby increasing the tension in active hamstring muscles by lengthening them. PMID:18381320

  1. Predictors of DMSA chelatable lead, tibial lead, and blood lead in 802 Korean lead workers

    PubMed Central

    Todd, A; Lee, B; Lee, G; Ahn, K; Moshier, E; Schwartz, B

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—To examine the interrelations among chelatable lead (by dimercaptosuccinic acid, DMSA), tibial lead, and blood lead concentrations in 802 Korean workers with occupational exposure to lead and 135 employed controls with only environmental exposure to lead.?METHODS—This was a cross sectional study wherein tibial lead, DMSA chelatable lead, and blood lead were measured. Linear regression was used to identify predictors of the three lead biomarkers, evaluating the influence of age, job duration, sex, education level, alcohol and tobacco use, creatinine clearance rate, and body mass index.?RESULTS—DMSA chelatable lead concentrations ranged from 4.8 to 2102.9 µg and were positively associated with age, current smoking, and creatinine clearance rate. On average, women had 64 µg less DMSA chelatable lead than men. When blood lead and its square were added to a model with age, sex, current smoking, body mass index, and creatinine clearance rate, blood lead accounted for the largest proportion of the variance and sex became of borderline significance. Tibial lead concentrations ranged from ?7 to 338 µg/g bone mineral and were positively associated with age, job duration, and body mass index. Women had, on average, 9.7 µg/g less tibial lead than men. Blood lead concentrations ranged from 4.3 to 85.7 µg/dl and were positively associated with age and tibial lead, whereas current smokers had higher blood lead concentrations and women had lower blood lead concentrations.?CONCLUSIONS—The data suggest that age and sex are both predictors of DMSA chelatable lead, blood lead, and tibial lead concentrations and that tibial lead stores in older subjects are less bioavailable and may contribute less to blood lead concentrations than tibial lead stores in younger subjects. Although blood lead concentrations accounted for a large proportion of the variance in DMSA chelatable lead concentrations, suggesting that measurement of both in epidemiological studies may not be necessary, the efficacy of each measure in predicting health outcomes in epidemiological studies awaits further investigation.???Keywords: dimercaptosuccinic acid; bone lead; x ray fluorescence PMID:11160984

  2. Predictors of dimercaptosuccinic acid chelatable lead and tibial lead in former organolead manufacturing workers

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, B. S.; Stewart, W. F.; Todd, A. C.; Links, J. M.

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of tibial and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) chelatable lead in 543 organolead manufacturing workers with past exposure to organic and inorganic lead. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, tibial lead (by 109Cd K-shell x ray fluorescence), DMSA chelatable lead (4 hour urinary lead excretion after oral administration of 10 mg/kg), and several exposure measures were obtained on study participants, mean (SD) age 57.6 (7.6) years. RESULTS: Tibial lead concentrations ranged from -1.6 to 52.0 micrograms lead/g bone mineral, with a mean (SD) of 14.4 (9.3) micrograms/g. DMSA chelatable lead ranged from 1.2 to 136 micrograms, with a mean (SD) of 19.3 (17.2) micrograms. In a multiple linear regression model of tibial lead, age (p < 0.01), duration of exposure (p < 0.01), current (p < 0.01) and past (p = 0.05) cigarette smoking, and diabetes (p = 0.01) were all independent positive predictors, whereas height (p = 0.03), and exercise inducing sweating (p = 0.04) were both negative predictors. The final regression model accounted for 31% of the variance in tibial lead concentrations; 27% was explained by age and duration of exposure alone. DMSA chelatable lead was directly associated with tibial lead (p = 0.01), cumulative exposure to inorganic lead (y.microgram/m3, p = 0.01), current smoking (p < 0.01), and weight (p < 0.01), and negatively associated with diabetes (p = 0.02). The final model accounted for 11% of the variance in chelatable lead. When blood lead was added to this model of DMSA chelatable lead, tibial lead, cumulative exposure to inorganic lead, and diabetes were no longer significant; blood lead accounted for the largest proportion of variance (p < 0.001); and the total model r2 increased to 19%. CONCLUSIONS: The low proportions of variance explained in models of both tibial and chelatable lead suggest that other factors are involved in the deposition of lead in bone and soft tissue. In epidemiological studies of the health effects of lead, evaluation of associations with both these measures may allow inferences to be made about whether health effects are likely to be recent, and thus potentially reversible, or chronic, and thus possibly irreversible. The data also provide direct evidence that in men the total amount of lead in the body that is bioavailable declines with age.   PMID:10341742

  3. Total knee arthroplasty in combination with a one-stage tibial osteotomy: A technique for correction of a gonarthrosis with a severe (>15°) tibial extra-articular deformity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Radke; Juergen Radke

    2002-01-01

    Patients with a gonarthrosis and an extra-articular axis deformity ?15° (Krackow type VI) were treated by an unconstrained total knee arthroplasty combined with a tibial osteotomy. This technique was applied to 10 patients with a Krackow type VI deformity. The knee score improved significantly (P<.005, Wilcoxon test) from 28 ± 15.25 (SD) preoperatively to 80.60 ± 15.94 postoperatively, and the

  4. Intrameatal aneurysm of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery.

    PubMed

    Zotta, Donato C; Stati, Giovanni; De Paulis, Danilo; Galzio, Renato J

    2011-04-01

    Aneurysms of the distal part of the anterior-inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) are rare, with an incidence of 0.1% to 0.5%. We report a 55-year-old woman suffering from a subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from a ruptured intrameatal aneurysm of the AICA. A left retrosigmoid craniotomy was performed and the aneurysm was clipped without post-operative deficits. Follow-up angiography demonstrated exclusion of the aneurysm, confirming preservation of the distal AICA. We review the pertinent literature and discuss clinical presentation, radiological findings and surgical management of this patient. PMID:21257312

  5. Serum chemistry and histopathology of broiler femoral head necrosis and tibial dyschondroplasia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Femoral head necrosis (FHN) and tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) are two major leg problems in young meat type poultry which cause lameness, bone deformity and infections. Whereas FHN results from disarticulation of the femoral growth plate from the articular cartilage, TD lesions are characterized by i...

  6. Posterior tibial tendon entrapment within an intact ankle mortise: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hunter, Allison M; Bowlin, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    The present case report demonstrates a rare finding associated with irreducible ankle fracture dislocations. To our knowledge, posterior tibial tendon entrapment with an intact ankle mortise has not yet been documented in published studies. In the case of our patient, a high-energy, 12-ft fall resulted in a comminuted intra-articular fracture of the medial malleolus, confirmed by the initial radiographs. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed the Achilles tendon to be ruptured and the posterior tibial tendon to be both displaced and entrapped between the medial malleolar fracture fragments, preventing initial closed reduction. At operative repair for the ruptured Achilles tendon and the medial malleolus fracture, the posterior tibial tendon was removed from the fracture site and was found to be intact with no evidence of laceration or rupture. The tendon was returned back to its anatomic position, and the tendon sheath was reapproximated. Although uncommon, it is important that entrapment of the posterior tibial tendon be considered in cases of irreducible ankle fracture. This injury type can be addressed during open reduction internal fixation to achieve reduction. PMID:25441277

  7. A simple modified arthroscopic procedure for fixation of displaced tibial eminence fractures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonardo Osti; Franco Merlo; Stephen H. Liu; Luigi Bocchi

    2000-01-01

    Avulsion fractures of the tibial eminence have been well described in children and adults with an increased in incidence resulting from road traffic and athletic accidents. According to the literature, only surgical treatment is advocated because of the high incidence of the nonunion and instability following conservative treatment. Open reduction can cause some morbidity and, therefore, arthroscopic techniques have been

  8. [Meniscal deformities associated with fractures of the tibial proximal extremity. Considerations in 7 cases].

    PubMed

    Bellelli, A; Sparvieri, A; Spina, S; Tormenta, S; Nardis, P

    1996-03-01

    Lateral tibial plateau fractures are a fairly frequent event in emergency clinical practice. In these fractures, when bone depression exceeds 5 mm, surgery is indicated. On the rule, conventional plain films combined with tomography can answer diagnostic questions about bone trauma. CT and MRI permit to study associated meniscocapsular injuries for better therapeutical management. Since February, 1991, we have examined 24 patients with tibial plateau fractures with conventional radiography and CT. CT was performed using thin sections, within 0 to 48 hours of the traumatic event. In our series, 7 patients had a lateral meniscal trauma associated with a fracture of the homologous tibial plateau; in all of these 7 women, surgery confirmed complete meniscal avulsion. In these cases, CT showed the following signs of meniscocapsular disinsertion: marked diastasis between capsular structure, popliteal tendon and meniscal profile; associated hypodense hemorrhagic fluid in the popliteal recess; inhomogeneous densitometry of the popliteal tendon resulting from hemorrhagic infarction. Furthermore, CT showed a characteristic and constant morphological alteration of the lateral meniscus with fibrocartilage deformation, that is with a wider or more narrow pattern relative to its normal "C"-like shape. We conclude that this morphological alteration of meniscal fibrocartilage, when associated with a tibial fracture, is a diagnostic CT sign of complete meniscal avulsion. This finding can be a useful integration to other CT signs of this meniscal injury, towards better and more complete therapeutical management. PMID:8628926

  9. COMPARTMENT SYNDROME IN TIBIAL SHAFT FRACTURE MISSED BECAUSE OF A LOCAL NERVE BLOCK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N HYDER; S. KESSLER; A. G. JENNINGS; P. G. DE BOER

    1996-01-01

    Compartment syndrome is a serious complication of frac- tures of the tibial shaft and its clinical presentation and eval- uation have been well documented (Holden 1975; Kikuchi, Hasue and Watanabe 1978). The most important diagnostic feature is the presence of inappropriate pain even after stabi- lisation of the fracture by a cast or by external or internal fixation. Pain is

  10. Prediction of long-term outcome of tibial osteotomy in medial gonarthrosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Tjörnstrand; K. Svensson; K. G. Thorngren

    1985-01-01

    To predict the long-term outcome after tibial osteotomy for medial gonarthrosis, multivariate statistical techniques were used and prognostic equations were defined. A comparison between different evaluation systems was also performed. Clinical and radiographic data from 81 patients followed up for more than 7 years were used. Twenty-eight preoperative variables were analysed in relation to the outcome at 7 years with

  11. High tibial osteotomy with Puddu plate for the treatment of varus gonarthrosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehmet Asik; Cengiz Sen; Bulent Kilic; S. Bora Goksan; Feyyaz Ciftci; Omer F. Taser

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the results of open-wedge osteotomy with Puddu plate for the treatment of varus gonarthrosis have been evaluated prospectively. This study assessed 65 knees of 60 patients with varus gonarthrosis who underwent high tibial osteotomies. Our study population consisted of 13 male and 47 female patients with a mean age of 54 (range 39–76) years. For the clinical

  12. THE RESPONSES OF MECHANORECEPTORS OF THE TIBIAL AND FEMORAL SEGMENTS OF THE COCKROACH LEG

    E-print Network

    Elliott, Chris

    THE RESPONSES OF MECHANORECEPTORS OF THE TIBIAL AND FEMORAL SEGMENTS OF THE COCKROACH LEG Aim currents and airborne vibrations. The cockroach has similarly sensitive receptors on its two abdominal Anaesthetise a cockroach with carbon dioxide. When it has succumbed, cut off one of its the hind pair of legs

  13. Depressed Adrenergic Nerve Function in Tibial Arteries of Two-Kidney One Clip Goldblatt Hypertensive Dogs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ben G. Zimmerman; Patricia L. Friedman; Pancras C. Wong

    1982-01-01

    Tibial arteries removed from normotensive dogs and from two-kidney one clip Goldblatt hypertensive dogs, 6–34 days after renal artery constriction, were studied in vitro. Contractions were elicited by transmural stimulation and norepinephrine added to the organ bath. Arteries from the hypertensive dogs exhibited depressed responsiveness to adrenergic nerve stimulation, but not to the lower concentrations of norepinephrine. However, the maximal

  14. Tibial inlay technique with quadriceps tendon-bone autograft for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tai-Yuan Chuang; Chih-Hwa Chen; Shih-Wei Chou; Yeung-Jen Chen; Wen-Jer Chen

    2004-01-01

    Surgical reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is indicated in a PCL-deficient knee with symptomatic instability and injury to other ligaments. However, the choice of graft tissues remains controversial. The tibial inlay method has the benefit of preventing the acute turn associated with transtibial reconstruction and permitting accurate anatomic placement of the graft. This study describes an arthroscopic-assisted inlay

  15. Hindfoot Valgus following Interlocking Nail Treatment for Tibial Diaphysis Fractures: Can the Fibula Be Neglected?

    PubMed Central

    Uzun, Metin; Kara, Adnan; Ada?, Müjdat; Karslio?lu, Bülent; Bülbül, Murat; Beksaç, Burak

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. We evaluated whether intramedullary nail fixation for tibial diaphysis fractures with concomitant fibula fractures (except at the distal one-third level) managed conservatively with an associated fibula fracture resulted in ankle deformity and assessed the impact of the ankle deformity on lower extremity function. Methods. Sixty middle one-third tibial shaft fractures with associated fibular fractures, except the distal one-third level, were included in this study. All tibial shaft fractures were anatomically reduced and fixed with interlocking intramedullary nails. Fibular fractures were managed conservatively. Hindfoot alignment was assessed clinically. Tibia and fibular lengths were compared to contralateral measurements using radiographs. Functional results were evaluated using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Foot and Ankle Disability Index Score (FADI). Results. Anatomic union, defined as equal length in operative and contralateral tibias, was achieved in 60 fractures (100%). Fibular shortening was identified in 42 fractures (68%). Mean fibular shortening was 1.2?cm (range, 0.5–2?cm). Clinical exams showed increased hindfoot valgus in 42 fractures (68%). The mean KOOS was 88.4, and the mean FADI score was 90. Conclusion. Fibular fractures in the middle or proximal one-third may need to be stabilized at the time of tibial intramedullary nail fixation to prevent development of hindfoot valgus due to fibular shortening. PMID:25544899

  16. Tibial cleaning method for cemented total knee arthroplasty: An experimental study

    PubMed Central

    Helwig, Peter; Konstantinidis, Lukas; Hirschmüller, Anja; Miltenberger, Verena; Kuminack, Kerstin; Südkamp, Norbert P; Hauschild, Oliver

    2013-01-01

    Background: The survival rate of cemented knee prosthesis depends among other factors on optimal cement-bone contact, nevertheless no standard exists for cementing technique of tibial components. The aim of this study was to determine which tibial surface preparation technique leads to the best bone-cement contact. Materials and Methods: Human tibial plateau specimens were cleaned in four different ways before cementing: a) no cleaning, b) manual syringe irrigation, c) fracture brush cleaning, and d) pulsatile jet-lavage. The specimens were cut into transverse sections and the bone cement contact distance was calculated for every 10 mm and the cement penetration depth was measured. Both values were statistically analyzed (ANOVA). Results: The longest bone-cement contact (62 mm) was seen after PJL, the shortest (10.6 mm) after no cleaning at all. The deepest cement penetration (4.1 mm) again was seen after PJL, the least (0.7 mm) after no cleaning. Statistically, PJL yielded the longest bone-cement contact and deepest cement penetration. Conclusion: The results supports the use of pulsatile jet-lavage before cementing tibial components in knee arthroplasty. PMID:23531916

  17. Tibial Inlay Technique Using Hamstring Graft for Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Remnant Revision

    PubMed Central

    Laupattarakasem, Wiroon; Boonard, Manusak; Laupattarakasem, Pat; Kosuwon, Weerachai

    2012-01-01

    The posterior tibial inlay technique is currently accepted as a standard operation for the posterior cruciate ligament–deficient knee. The classical technique requires a graft construct consisting of a bony part to be fitted into the posterior tibial socket. When an autogenous source is chosen, morbidity at the donor site generated by obtaining the graft with a bony part (e.g., bone–patellar tendon–bone or quadriceps tendon–bone) can be more serious than when obtaining the soft-tissue graft (e.g., hamstring). This study describes an alternative use of soft-tissue graft anchored in a bone socket at the posterior tibial margin by a transfixing cancellous screw. The graft is secured on top by a “bone washer” harvested from this bone socket to provide biological bone-tendon-bone healing. The posterior cruciate ligament remnant with integral fibers at the femur can have its tibial part revised, tensioned, and reattached concomitantly. This additional procedure is deemed to enhance joint stability and promote graft healing. PMID:23767002

  18. Tibial fractures associated with crush injuries to the soft tissues of the dorsal foot in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mamoru Fujita; Kazuhiko Yokoyama; Koushin Nakamura; Masataka Uchino; Ryuji Wakita; Moritoshi Itoman

    2004-01-01

    We retrospectively studied 15 children with tibial fractures associated with crush injuries to the soft tissues of the dorsal foot. The fractures, including six open fractures, were united with no complications within an average of 11.1 weeks. Wound closure to treat crush injuries of the dorsal foot was achieved using split- or full-thickness skin grafts in most patients. The outcomes

  19. Osteonecrosis of the distal tibial metaphysis after Salter-Harris type-2 injury: a case report.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharjee, Atanu; Singh, Jaspreet; Mangham, David C; Freeman, Robert

    2015-07-01

    Osteonecrosis of the distal tibial metaphysis following a Salter-Harris type-2 injury is a rare complication with no previous reports in the literature. We report a case of osteonecrosis of the metaphysis in distal tibia, confirmed radiologically and histologically. The natural history was followed with serial MRI scans and we comment on the possible pathophysiology. PMID:25932823

  20. What is the effect of compartment syndrome and fasciotomies on fracture healing in tibial fractures?

    PubMed

    Reverte, Maria Mercedes; Dimitriou, Rozalia; Kanakaris, Nikolaos K; Giannoudis, Peter V

    2011-12-01

    Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) in tibial diaphyseal fractures has been associated with such complications as infection, delayed fracture healing or non-union, sensory and motor deficits, deformities, and poor functional outcome. Essential condition of an uncomplicated recovery is early diagnosis with prompt decompression. A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to evaluate the impact of compartment syndrome and leg fasciotomies on the time to fracture union and the incidence of delayed union and non-union in tibial diaphyseal fractures. A total of 16 articles, which included 245 tibial fractures complicated with compartment syndrome were analysed. There were statistically significant differences in the time to healing, being longer by 4.90 weeks (p<0.001), and in the rates of delayed union or non-union (55% versus 17.8%) (p<0.001) when these fractures were compared to tibial fractures without compartment syndrome. Patients with ACS of the tibia undergoing leg fasciotomies should be informed about the increased risk of impaired fracture healing and longer time to union. PMID:21993369

  1. Prevention of arthrofibrosis after arthroscopic screw fixation of tibial spine fracture in children and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Parikh, Shital N; Myer, David; Eismann, Emily A

    2014-01-01

    Arthrofibrosis is a major complication of tibial spine fracture treatment in children, potentially resulting in knee pain, quadriceps weakness, altered gait, decreased function, inability to return to sports, and long-term osteoarthritis. Thus, prevention rather than treatment of arthrofibrosis is desirable. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an aggressive postoperative rehabilitation and early intervention approach to prevent permanent arthrofibrosis after tibial spine fracture treatment and to compare epiphyseal and transphyseal screws for fixation. A consecutive series of 24 patients younger than age 18 with displaced type II and III tibial spine fractures who underwent arthroscopic reduction and screw fixation between 2006 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Final range of motion was compared between patients with epiphyseal (n=12) and transphyseal (n=9) screws. One-third (4 of 12) of patients with epiphyseal screws underwent arthroscopic debridement and screw removal approximately 3 months postoperatively; 3 patients lacked 5° to 15° of extension, 1 experienced pain with extension, and 1 had radiographic evidence of screw pullout, loss of reduction, and resultant malunion. In the transphyseal screw group, 3 patients had 10° loss of extension, and all corrected after arthroscopic debridement and screw removal. The two groups did not significantly differ in time to hardware removal or return to sports or final range of motion. No growth disturbances were identified in patients after transphyseal screw removal. An aggressive approach of postoperative rehabilitation and early intervention after arthroscopic reduction and screw fixation of tibial spine fractures in children was successful in preventing permanent arthrofibrosis. PMID:24683658

  2. Mechanics of the passive knee joint. Part 1: The role of the tibial articular surfaces in guiding the passive motion.

    PubMed

    Amiri, S; Cooke, D; Kim, I Y; Wyss, U

    2006-11-01

    The motion of the unloaded knee is associated with tibial internal rotation and femoral posterior translation. Although it is known that the passive motion is the result of the interaction between the articular surfaces and the ligaments, the mechanism through which the particular pattern of motion is guided is not completely understood. The goal of this study was to focus on the tibial geometry and to identify the roles that its geometric features have in guiding the passive knee motion. The method used in this study simplified the geometry of the tibial plateaux and the menisci into basic features that could be eliminated individually. The generated tibial geometry was implemented in a computer model to simulate the passive motion. Different parts of the geometry were eliminated individually and the comparison between the simulation results was used to identify the role that each part of the geometry had in guiding the passive motion. The medial meniscus was found as the feature that promoted the tibial internal rotation and restrained the femoral posterior translation. The lateral meniscus and the medial aspect of the tibial eminence, on the other hand, were found as the elements that confined the tibial internal rotation. PMID:17236515

  3. Prevalence and location of bone bruises associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury and implications for mechanism of injury: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Sonika A.; Hageman, Jason; Quatman, Carmen E.; Wordeman, Samuel C.; Hewett, Timothy E.

    2013-01-01

    Background Bone bruising is commonly observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Objectives The primary objective of this study was to determine if the location and prevalence of tibial and femoral bone bruises after ACL injury can be explained by specific injury mechanism(s). The secondary objective was to determine whether the bone bruise literature supports sex-specific injury mechanism(s). We hypothesized that most studies would report bone bruising in the lateral femoral condyle (LFC) and on the posterior lateral tibial plateau (LTP). Methods MEDLINE, PubMed, and SCOPUS were searched for studies that reported bone bruise prevalence and location in ACL-injured subjects. Sex differences in bone bruise patterns were assessed. Time from injury to imaging was assessed to account for confounding effects on bone bruise size and location. Results Thirty-eight studies met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Anterior-posterior location of bone bruises within the tibiofemoral compartment was assessed in eleven studies. Only five of these studies reported bone bruise locations on both the tibia and the femur. The most common bone bruise combination in all five studies was on the LFC and the posterior LTP. Sex differences were only assessed in three studies, and only one reported significantly greater prevalence of LTP bruising in females. Conclusion Bone bruise patterns in the current literature support a valgus-driven ACL injury mechanism. However, more studies should report the specific locations of tibial and femoral bone bruises. There is insufficient evidence in the literature to determine whether there are sex-specific bone bruise patterns in ACL-injured subjects. PMID:24158783

  4. Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Murawski, Christopher D.; Wolf, Megan R.; Araki, Daisuke; Muller, Bart; Tashman, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is common procedure performed by orthopedic surgeons, particularly in association with sports-related injuries. Whereas traditional reconstruction techniques used a single bundle graft that was typically placed in a non-anatomic position, a renewed interest in anatomy has facilitated the popularization of anatomic reconstruction techniques. Recently, a focus has been placed on individualizing ACL surgery based on each patient’s native anatomical characteristics (e.g., insertion site size, notch size, and shape), thereby dictating the ultimate procedure of choice. As subjective outcome measurements have demonstrated varying outcomes with respect to single- versus double-bundle ACL reconstruction, investigators have turned to more objective techniques, such as in vivo kinematics, as a means of evaluating joint motion and cartilage contact mechanics. Further investigation in this area may yield important information with regard to the potential progression to osteoarthritis after ACL reconstruction, including factors affecting or preventing it.

  5. Improvement of the knee center of rotation during walking after opening wedge high tibial osteotomy.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kyungsoo; Feng, Jun; Nha, Kyung Wook; Park, Won Man; Kim, Yoon Hyuk

    2015-06-01

    Accurate measurement of the center of rotation of the knee joint is indispensable for prediction of joint kinematics and kinetics in musculoskeletal models. However, no study has yet identified the knee center of rotations during several daily activities before and after high tibial osteotomy surgery, which is one surgical option for treating knee osteoarthritis. In this study, an estimation method for determining the knee joint center of rotation was developed by applying the optimal common shape technique and symmetrical axis of rotation approach techniques to motion-capture data and validated for typical activities (walking, squatting, climbing up stairs, walking down stairs) of 10 normal subjects. The locations of knee joint center of rotations for injured and contralateral knees of eight subjects with osteoarthritis, both before and after high tibial osteotomy surgery, were then calculated during walking. It was shown that high tibial osteotomy surgery improved the knee joint center of rotation since the center of rotations for the injured knee after high tibial osteotomy surgery were significantly closer to those of the normal healthy population. The difference between the injured and contralateral knees was also generally reduced after surgery, demonstrating increased symmetry. These results indicate that symmetry in both knees can be recovered in many cases after high tibial osteotomy surgery. Moreover, the recovery of center of rotation in the injured knee was prior to that of symmetry. This study has the potential to provide fundamental information that can be applied to understand abnormal kinematics in patients, diagnose knee joint disease, and design a novel implants for knee joint surgeries. PMID:25963385

  6. Surface pretreatment for prolonged survival of cemented tibial prosthesis components: full- vs. surface-cementation technique

    PubMed Central

    Marx, Rudolf; Qunaibi, Mutaz; Wirtz, Dieter Christian; Niethard, Fritz Uwe; Mumme, Thorsten

    2005-01-01

    Background One of few persisting problems of cemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is aseptic loosening of tibial component due to degradation of the interface between bone cement and metallic tibial shaft component, particularly for surface cemented tibial components. Surface cementation technique has important clinical meaning in case of revision and for avoidance of stress shielding. Degradation of the interface between bone cement and bone may be a secondary effect due to excessive crack formation in bone cement starting at the opposite metallic surface. Methods This study was done to prove crack formation in the bone cement near the metallic surface when this is not coated. We propose a newly developed coating process by PVD layering with SiOx to avoid that crack formation in the bone cement. A biomechanical model for vibration fatigue test was done to simulate the physiological and biomechanical conditions of the human knee joint and to prove excessive crack formation. Results It was found that coated tibial components showed a highly significant reduction of cement cracking near the interface metal/bone cement (p < 0.01) and a significant reduction of gap formation in the interface metal-to-bone cement (p < 0.05). Conclusion Coating dramatically reduces hydrolytic- and stress-related crack formation at the prosthesis interface metal/bone cement. This leads to a more homogenous load transfer into the cement mantle which should reduce the frequency of loosening in the interfaces metal/bone cement/bone. With surface coating of the tibial component it should become possible that surface cemented TKAs reveal similar loosening rates as TKAs both surface and stem cemented. This would be an important clinical advantage since it is believed that surface cementing reduces metaphyseal bone loss in case of revision and stress shielding for better bone health. PMID:16262888

  7. Stability of tibial defect reconstruction with fibular graft and unilateral external fixation: a finite element study

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Huiqiang; Zhang, Ying; Xia, Hong; Wang, Fei; Li, Zhibo; Chen, Xuxiang

    2014-01-01

    Tibial defect is generally caused by high-energy injury, tumor, osteomyelitis, development deformity and bone non-union after internal fixation. This study was to determine stability of tibial defect reconstruction with fibular graft (FG) of different lengths by single free vascularized fibular graft (SFVFG) and double-barrel free vascularized fibular graft (DBFVFG). The left lower extremity of a male volunteer was scanned with computer tomography scanner. The contours of the tibia and fibula were extracted and the geometry of both bones rebuilt. From this intact model, the models of tibial defect reconstruction with fibular graft and external fixation were developed. Inter-fragmentary motion (IFM) and Von Mises stress on the fibular bone flap, and the locations of maximum Von Mises stress were introduced to quantify the biomechanical environment. Under the condition of the same graft length, the Von Mises stress value in DBFVFG group was 1.37 to 1.77 times higher than that in SFVFG group. When the length of graft was greater than 15 cm in the SFVFG group, the IFM exceeded 1 mm, but the IFM of the graft in the DBFVFG group was always less than 1 mm. The maximum Von Mises stress of models was frequently located at the second or third pin-bone interface. Thus, external fixation can provide a stable biomechanical environment for the reconstruction of tibial defect by both SFVFG and DBFVFG. The second or third pin-bone interface requires intensive care and that in the reconstruction of tibial defect by SFVFG, the graft length should not exceed 15 cm. PMID:24482691

  8. Human parathyroid hormone-(1-38) restores cancellous bone to the immobilized, osteopenic proximal tibial metaphysis in rats

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ma, Y. F.; Jee, W. S. S.; Ke, H. Z.; Lin, B. Y.; Liang, X. G.; Li, M.; Yamamoto, N.

    1994-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if human parathyroid hormone-(1-38) (PTH) can restore cancellous bone mass to the established osteopenic, immobilized proximal tibial metaphyses (PTM) of female rats. The right hindlimbs of six-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were immobilized by bandaging the right hindlimbs to the abdomen. After 30 days of right hindlimb immobilization (RHLI), the rats were subcutaneously injected with 200 microgram hPTH(1-38)/kg/day for 15 (short-term) or 75 (longer-term) days. Static bone histomorphometry was performed on the primary spongiosa, while both static and dynamic histomorphometry were performed on the secondary spongiosa of the right PTM. Immobilization for 30 days without treatment decreased trabecular bone area, number and thickness in both primary and secondary spongiosa, and induced an increase in eroded perimeter and a decrease in tissue referent-bone formation rate (BFR/TV) in the secondary spongios. These changes reached a new steady state thereafter. Treatment with 200 microgram hPTH(1-38)/kg/day for 15 days, beginning at 30 days post immobilization (IM), significantly increased trabecular bone area, thickness and number in both primary and secondary spongiosa despite continuous IM when compared to the age-related and IM controls. The short-term (15 days) PTH treatment significantly increased labeling perimeter, mineral apposition rate and BFR/TV in the secondary spongiosa and stimulated longitudinal bone growth as compared to the age-related and IM controls. PTH treatment for longer-term (75 days) further increased trabecular bone area, thickness and number as compared to aging and IM controls and short-term (15 days) PTH treated groups. The bone formation indices in the secondary spongiosa of these longer-term treated rats were lower than that of short-term (15 days) PTH treated group, but they were still higher than those of IM and age-related controls. Our findings indicate that PTH treatment stimulates cancellous bone formation, restores and adds extra cancellous bone to the established, disuse-osteopenic proximal tibial metaphysis of continuously RHLI female rats. These results suggest that PTH may be a useful agent in treatment disuse-induced osteoporosis in humans.

  9. Associations of tibial lead levels with BsmI polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor in former organolead manufacturing workers.

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, B S; Stewart, W F; Kelsey, K T; Simon, D; Park, S; Links, J M; Todd, A C

    2000-01-01

    We evaluated associations of tibial lead levels with polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in 504 former organolead manufacturing workers with past exposure to lead. In this cross-sectional study, we measured tibial lead by (109)Cd K-shell X-ray fluorescence. Tibial lead was evaluated in subjects with different VDR genotypes defined using the BsmI restriction enzyme, adjusting for confounding variables. Study participants had a mean age +/- SD of 57.4 +/- 7.6 years. A total of 169 (33.5%) subjects were homozygous for the BsmI restriction site (designated bb), 251 (49.8%) were heterozygous (Bb), and 84 (16.7%) were homozygous for the absence of the restriction site (BB). Among all of the study subjects, tibial lead concentrations were low, with a mean +/- SD of 14.4 +/- 9.3 microg Pb/g bone mineral. There were only small differences in tibial lead concentrations by VDR genotype, with mean +/- SD tibial lead concentrations of 13.9 +/- 7.9, 14.3 +/- 9.5, and 15.5 +/- 11.1 in subjects with bb, Bb, and BB, respectively. In a multiple linear regression model of tibial lead concentrations, the VDR genotype modified the relation between age and tibial lead concentrations; subjects with the B allele had larger increases in tibial lead concentrations with increasing age (0.37, 0.48, and 0.67 microg/g per year of age in subjects with bb, Bb, and BB, respectively; the adjusted p-value for trend in slopes = 0.04). The VDR genotype also modified the relation between years since last exposure to lead and tibial lead concentrations. Subjects with bb evidenced an average decline in tibial lead concentrations of 0.10 microg/g per year since their last exposure to lead, whereas subjects with Bb and BB evidenced average increases of 0.03 and 0.11 microg/g per year, respectively (the adjusted p-value for trend in slopes = 0.01). Polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor modified the relations of age and years since the last exposure to lead with tibial lead concentrations. Although controversy remains on the influence of the VDR genotype on bone mineral density, the data suggest that variant VDR alleles modify lead concentrations in bone, either by influencing lead content or calcium content or both. Images Figure 1 PMID:10706524

  10. [Alloplastic augmented femoral reinserted anterior cruciate liganent. Value of 2 channel augmentation for postoperative rehabilitation].

    PubMed

    Seitz, H; Wielke, B; Schlenz, I; Pichl, W; Vecsei, V

    1996-01-01

    The rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) near its femoral origin is a common injury of the knee and can lead to lesions of the meniscus due to instability and to early gonarthrosis. One procedure applied in current orthopaedic practice to prevent such impairment of knee joint function is ACL repair reinforced with a synthetic intraarticular ligament. In this study we used twelve knees of cadavers and after sectioning the ACL in each repaired it according the Marshall technique with USP 1 PDS II sutures. We augmented the repair in each case with a 3-mm PET (Trevira hochfest) band inserted by the through-the-condyle (TTC) procedure and attached without preload to the femoral and tibial condyle with a 4-mm staple. We then measured the length of the ACL, the length of the Marshall sutures-ACL complex, the partial lengths, and the deviation angles and adherence-friction force of the 3-mm PET augmentation device, and applied the law of Hooke to calculate the load-sharing between the USP 1 PDS II sutures-ACL complex and the 3-mm PET band and between the ACL and the 3-mm PET band, respectively. We also evaluated the load on the femoral and the tibial fixation of the augmentation device. The results showed that the 3-mm PET band took over 60% of an externally applied load on the knee during the hypothetic period of ACL healing and 27% of the force acting on the knee thereafter. It was calculated that a maximum of 75% of the load taken over by the augmentation device was at the tibial staple and only up to 45% of the force at the femoral one. With due consideration for the requirement for absolute protection ("stress shielding") of the healing ACL but also for the aim of early postoperative accelerated functional rehabilitation without casts, splints or other restrictions of joint movement, we believe that a pretensioned 3-mm PET band is the best choice, since augmentation without preload cannot fulfil these requirements. PMID:8717169

  11. Effects of jump and balance training on knee kinematics and electromyography of female basketball athletes during a single limb drop landing: pre-post intervention study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasuharu Nagano; Hirofumi Ida; Masami Akai; Toru Fukubayashi

    2011-01-01

    Background  Some research studies have investigated the effects of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs on knee\\u000a kinematics during landing tasks; however the results were different among the studies. Even though tibial rotation is usually\\u000a observed at the time of ACL injury, the effects of training programs for knee kinematics in the horizontal plane have not\\u000a yet been analyzed. The

  12. Physeal-Sparing Technique for Femoral Tunnel Drilling in Pediatric Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Posteromedial Portal

    PubMed Central

    Lemos, Stephen E.; Keating, Patrick M.; Scott, Timothy P.; Siwiec, Ryan M.

    2013-01-01

    Pediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears present a technical dilemma for orthopaedic surgeons. Multiple surgical techniques have been described to protect the distal femoral and proximal tibial physes. We present an ACL reconstruction technique performed on a 12-year-old girl with open physes who sustained an ACL tear after a noncontact twisting injury while playing soccer. A hamstring autograft reconstruction was performed by use of a posteromedial portal to drill the femoral tunnel in an all-epiphyseal fashion at the anatomic footprint of the native ACL. This case provides a new surgical technique to achieve anatomic fixation for ACL reconstruction in a skeletally immature individual using a posteromedial portal to drill a physeal-sparing lateral femoral tunnel for anatomic ACL reconstruction. This advancement may make drilling the femoral tunnel less technically challenging compared with other proposed methods while maintaining the lateral wall of the distal femur. PMID:24892013

  13. Ultrasound elasticity imaging of human posterior tibial tendon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Liang

    Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a common degenerative condition leading to a severe impairment of gait. There is currently no effective method to determine whether a patient with advanced PTTD would benefit from several months of bracing and physical therapy or ultimately require surgery. Tendon degeneration is closely associated with irreversible degradation of its collagen structure, leading to changes to its mechanical properties. If these properties could be monitored in vivo, it could be used to quantify the severity of tendonosis and help determine the appropriate treatment. Ultrasound elasticity imaging (UEI) is a real-time, noninvasive technique to objectively measure mechanical properties in soft tissue. It consists of acquiring a sequence of ultrasound frames and applying speckle tracking to estimate displacement and strain at each pixel. The goals of my dissertation were to 1) use acoustic simulations to investigate the performance of UEI during tendon deformation with different geometries; 2) develop and validate UEI as a potentially noninvasive technique for quantifying tendon mechanical properties in human cadaver experiments; 3) design a platform for UEI to measure mechanical properties of the PTT in vivo and determine whether there are detectable and quantifiable differences between healthy and diseased tendons. First, ultrasound simulations of tendon deformation were performed using an acoustic modeling program. The effects of different tendon geometries (cylinder and curved cylinder) on the performance of UEI were investigated. Modeling results indicated that UEI accurately estimated the strain in the cylinder geometry, but underestimated in the curved cylinder. The simulation also predicted that the out-of-the-plane motion of the PTT would cause a non-uniform strain pattern within incompressible homogeneous isotropic material. However, to average within a small region of interest determined by principal component analysis (PCA) would improve the estimation. Next, UEI was performed on five human cadaver feet mounted in a materials testing system (MTS) while the PTT was attached to a force actuator. A portable ultrasound scanner collected 2D data during loading cycles. Young's modulus was calculated from the strain, loading force and cross sectional area of the PTT. Average Young's modulus for the five tendons was (0.45+/-0.16GPa) using UEI. This was consistent with simultaneous measurements made by the MTS across the whole tendon (0.52+/-0.18GPa). We also calculated the scaling factor (0.12+/-0.01) between the load on the PTT and the inversion force at the forefoot, a measurable quantity in vivo. This study suggests that UEI could be a reliable in vivo technique for estimating the mechanical properties of the human PTT. Finally, we built a custom ankle inversion platform for in vivo imaging of human subjects (eight healthy volunteers and nine advanced PTTD patients). We found non-linear elastic properties of the PTTD, which could be quantified by the slope between the elastic modulus (E) and the inversion force (F). This slope (DeltaE/DeltaF), or Non-linear Elasticity Parameter (NEP), was significantly different for the two groups: 0.16+/-0.20 MPa/N for healthy tendons and 0.45+/-0.43 MPa/N for PTTD tendons. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve revealed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.83+/-0.07, which indicated that the classifier system is valid. In summary, the acoustic modeling, cadaveric studies, and in vivo experiments together demonstrated that UEI accurately quantifies tendon mechanical properties. As a valuable clinical tool, UEI also has the potential to help guide treatment decisions for advanced PTTD and other tendinopathies.

  14. Anterior segment imaging in pediatric ophthalmology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kamiar Mireskandari; Nasrin N. Tehrani; Cynthia VandenHoven; Asim Ali

    Anterior segment imaging in the pediatric population using commercially available equipment is rewarding but can be challenging. Successful imaging requires familiarity with the imaging modality used, a positive attitude, and the ability to quickly develop rapport with children. In this review, we demonstrate how external and slitlamp photography, Scheimpflug imaging, handheld digital fundus camera, ultrasound biomicroscopy, and anterior segment optical

  15. Spontaneous hyphema associated with anterior uveitis.

    PubMed Central

    Fong, D S; Raizman, M B

    1993-01-01

    Few reports have described hyphema in association with anterior uveitis. Five cases of anterior chamber haemorrhage are reported in patients with five different anterior uveitic entities: Reiter's syndrome, juvenile chronic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, idiopathic anterior uveitis, and herpes simplex. Hyphema has been reported in association with idiopathic non-granulomatous anterior uveitis, but not with the other four entities. In three cases, iris rubeosis was present. In two cases the patients were taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. The hyphemas occurred at times of heightened inflammation and resolved spontaneously without complication in all but one case, a boy with idiopathic uveitis who required surgery to remove the blood. The clinical outcome of these cases provides evidence that conservative medical management is usually sufficient. Images PMID:8218031

  16. Evaluation of Subchondral Bone Marrow Lipids of Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)-Injured Patients at 3 T

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Ligong; Salibi, Nouha; Chang, Gregory; Bencardino, Jenny T.; Babb, James S.; Rokito, Andrew; Jazrawi, Laith; Sherman, Orrin; Regatte, Ravinder R.

    2014-01-01

    Rationale and Objectives The objectives of this study were to investigate the changes in compartment-specific subchondral bone marrow lipids of femoral–tibial bone in acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured patients compared to that of healthy volunteers and patients with osteoarthritis (OA) (Kellgren–Lawrence [KL] grade 2–3). Materials and Methods A total of 55 subjects were recruited in the study and subdivided into three subgroups: 17 healthy controls (4 females, 13 males; mean age = 41 ± 16, age range 24–78 years), 17 patients with acute ACL injury (3 females, 14 males; mean age = 30 ± 11, age range 18–61 years), and 21 patients with KL2–3 OA (12 females, 9 males; mean age = 65 ± 12, age range 44–89 years). Routine clinical proton density–weighted fast spin echo images in sagittal (without fat saturation), axial, and coronal (fat saturation) planes were acquired on a 3 T clinical scanner for cartilage morphology using Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score grading. A voxel of 10 × 10 × 10 mm3 was positioned in the medial and lateral compartments of the tibia and femur for proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements using the single voxel stimulated echo acquisition mode pulse sequence. All proton magnetic resonance data were processed with Java-based magnetic resonance user interface. Wilcoxon rank sum test and mixed model two-way analysis of variance were performed to determine significant differences between different compartments and examine the effect of ACL injury, OA grade and compartment, and their interactions. Results The index of unsaturation in lateral tibial compartment in ACL-injured patients was significantly higher (P < .05) than all compartments except lateral femoral in patients with KL2–3 OA. Significantly lower values (P < .05) were also identified in saturated lipids at 2.03 ppm in all compartments in ACL-injured patients than those of all compartments in patients with KL2–3 OA. Conclusions The preliminary results suggest that the indices of unsaturation in the lateral tibial compartment and the peaks of saturated lipids at 1.3 and 2.03 ppm in medial tibial compartment may be clinically useful to characterize subchondral bone marrow among healthy controls, acute ACL-injured patients, and patients with OA. PMID:24717549

  17. Tibial changes in experimental disuse osteoporosis in the monkey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, D. R.; Niklowitz, W. J.; Steele, C. R.

    1983-01-01

    The mechanical properties and structural changes in the monkey tibia with disuse osteoporosis and during subsequent recovery are investigated. Bone mending stiffness is evaluated in relation to microscopic changes in cortical bone and Norland bone mineral analysis. Restraint in the semireclined position is found to produce regional losses of bone most obviously in the anterior-proximal tibiae. After six months of restraint, the greatest losses of bone mineral in the proximal tibiae range from 23 percent to 31 percent; the largest changes in bone stiffness range from 36 percent to 40 percent. Approximately eight and one-half months of recovery are required to restore the normal bending properties. Even after 15 months of recovery, however, the bone mineral content does not necessarily return to normal levels. Histologically, resorption cavities in cortical bone are seen within one month of restraint; by two and one-half months of restraint there are large resorption cavities subperiosteally, endosteally, and intracortically. After 15 months of recovery, the cortex consists mainly of first-generation haversian systems. After 40 months, the cortex appears normal, with numerous secondary and tertiary generations of haversian systems.

  18. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Choices

    PubMed Central

    Macaulay, Alec A.; Perfetti, Dean C.; Levine, William N.

    2012-01-01

    Context: Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common surgical procedure; however, there is no consensus to what the best graft option is to replace the injured ACL. The main options available consist of allografts and autografts, which include patellar tendon, hamstring tendon, and quadriceps tendon autografts. Evidence Acquisition: The PubMed database was searched in August 2010 for English-language articles pertaining to ACL grafts. Results: Postoperative outcome variables were analyzed to determine similarities and differences among the different graft options. These variables include stability, strength, function, return to sports, patient satisfaction, complications, and cost. Conclusions: Both allografts and the 3 main options for autografts can provide excellent results in ACL reconstruction and lead to a high percentage of satisfied patients. However, differences exist among the graft choices. Both the similarities and the differences are important to discuss with a patient who will be undergoing ACL reconstruction so that he or she has the best information available when making a choice of graft. PMID:23016071

  19. Clinical features of anterior bradyrhythmia.

    PubMed

    Shiohama, N; Shinomiya, S; Nagaoka, M

    1993-10-01

    The present study examined the clinical significance of anterior bradyrhythmia (AB), which was described by Gibbs and Gibbs in 1964. The significance of AB in this report was indefinite because of unclear criteria and underdeveloped neuroradiology. We proposed a set of criteria of AB and reevaluated the clinical significance of the EEG pattern in correlation with the clinical and the computerized topography (CT) findings of the patients. The study material was 4019 EEGs examined in our laboratory during a 1-year period (1991). AB was recorded in 20 patients (0.5%), whose mean age was 69.8 years. Its incidence tended to increase with age. Sixteen patients [table: see text] (80%) had dementia and were classified into two types according to clinical features, as Binswanger (B)-type and Alzheimer (A)-type. B-type patients had gait disturbance, urinary incontinence, hemiparesis, and ECG abnormalities, and showed leuko-araiosis on CT. A-type patients had only dementia, and showed frontoparietal atrophy on CT. Delirium was found in 7 (35%) out of the 20 patients with AB, which may be an additional factor related to the appearance of the EEG pattern. B-type had lower frequency of AB than A-type. Both types showed slowed background activities; the alpha rhythm of B-type had lower frequency and tended to have higher amplitude than that of A-type. These EEG abnormalities may be indicative of subcortical or cortical dysfunction in the frontal areas. PMID:8261643

  20. Posting Policy Posting Eligibility

    E-print Network

    Boyce, Richard L.

    designate, Student Union Management, located at the Student Union Information Desk (2nd floor). The Dean an endorsement of content. In most cases, posting is restricted to the promotion of campus-related activities elevators or on elevator doors · On any light fixture · Inside classrooms (bulletin boards in classrooms

  1. Isokinetic and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstrings or patella tendon graft: analysis of literature.

    PubMed

    Dauty, M; Tortellier, L; Rochcongar, P

    2005-09-01

    We report isokinetic results of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon or hamstring graft from the literature analysis. The literature was defined from two search "textwords": Isokinetic and Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and from three databases: Medline, Pascal, and Herasmus. Two independent physicians (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation) carried out an analysis according to the French National Accreditation and Health Evaluation Agency recommendations. Fifty-three studies were selected: 29 reported isokinetic results after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon graft, 15 reported isokinetic results after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring graft, and 9 studies compared the two surgical procedures. After discussing different bias and in reference to prospective randomised and comparative studies, the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon graft involves a knee extensors deficit during several months. The hamstring surgical procedure involves a less important knee extensor deficit (from 6 to 19 % against 8 to 21 %). Knee sprain and intra-articular surgery involve a long-lasting knee extensors deficit. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstrings graft involves a knee flexors deficit over several months. The patellar tendon surgical procedure involves a less important knee flexors deficit (from 1 to 15 % against 5 to 17 %). In reference to isokinetic parameters, no difference between the two surgical procedures (patellar tendon graft or hamstring graft) is shown after more than twenty-four post-surgical months. PMID:16195995

  2. Arthroscopic Treatment of Acute Tibial Avulsion Fracture of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament Using the TightRope Fixation Device

    PubMed Central

    Gwinner, Clemens; Kopf, Sebastian; Hoburg, Arnd; Haas, Norbert P.; Jung, Tobias M.

    2014-01-01

    Avulsion fracture of the posterior cruciate ligament from its tibial insertion is a rare condition. Early surgical treatment has been regarded as necessary, but the optimal surgical technique remains unclear. The purpose of this technical note is to present a novel all-inside arthroscopic reconstruction technique for bony tibial avulsion fractures of the posterior cruciate ligament using the TightRope device (Arthrex, Naples, FL). PMID:25126507

  3. Increase in the Tibial Slope Reduces Wear after Medial Unicompartmental Fixed-Bearing Arthroplasty of the Knee

    PubMed Central

    Schröder, Christian; Steinbrück, Arnd; Pietschmann, Matthias F.; Jansson, Volkmar; Müller, Peter E.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Unicompartmental arthroplasty of the knee in patients with isolated medial osteoarthritis gives good results, but survival is inferior to that of total knee prosthesis. Knees may fail because positioning of the prosthesis has been suboptimal. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the tibial slope on the rate of wear of a medial fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. Materials and Methods. We simulated wear on a medial fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee prosthesis (Univation) in vitro with a customised, four-station, and servohydraulic knee wear simulator, which exactly reproduced the walking cycle (International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) 14243-1:2002(E)). The medial prostheses were inserted with 3 different posterior tibial slopes: 0°, 4°, and 8° (n = 3 in each group). Results. The wear rate decreased significantly between 0° and 4° slope from 10.4 (SD 0.62) mg/million cycles to 3.22 (SD 1.71) mg/million cycles. Increasing the tibial slope to 8° did not significantly change the wear rate. Discussion. As an increase in the tibial slope reduced the wear rate in a fixed-bearing prosthesis, a higher tibial slope should be recommended. However, other factors that are influenced by the tibial slope (e.g., the tension of the ligament) must also be considered. PMID:25654123

  4. A new, lateral, continuous, combined, femoral–sciatic nerve approach via a single skin puncture for postoperative analgesia in intramedullary tibial nail insertion

    PubMed Central

    Imbelloni, Luiz Eduardo; Rava, Carlos; Gouveia, Marildo A

    2013-01-01

    Background The prevalence of anterior knee pain following intramedullary tibial nail insertion is high. Continuous peripheral nerve blockade is an alternative method of pain control to opiods. This case illustrates the use of femoral nerve and sciatic nerve peripheral catheters with an elastomeric infusion pump for major intramedullary nailing surgery. Case report A 36-year-old male with fractures to the left leg bones presented for placement of an intramedullary nail under spinal anesthesia. At the end of the procedure, access to the lateral femoral and sciatic continuous nerve block was achieved by using a stimulator connected to a 110 mm 18G Tuohy needle. Postoperative analgesia was provided with a 40-hour infusion of 0.1% bupivacaine (400 mL) at a rate of 10 mL hour?1 with an elastomeric pump. Anesthetic dispersion and contrast were investigated. The analog scale remained with scores below 3 during the 40 hours after surgery, and boluses were not necessary. Conclusion The use of a femoral and sciatic nerve peripheral catheter offered an alternative to conventional pain control. Continuous femoral–sciatic peripheral blockade via a skin puncture with an infusion of 0.1% bupivacaine with elastomeric pumps is a safe and effective procedure in adults. PMID:23630433

  5. Trypan blue dye for anterior segment surgeries

    PubMed Central

    Jhanji, V; Chan, E; Das, S; Zhang, H; Vajpayee, R B

    2011-01-01

    Use of vital dyes in ophthalmic surgery has gained increased importance in the past few years. Trypan blue (TB) has been a popular choice among anterior segment surgeons mainly due to its safety, ease of availability, and remarkable ability to enable an easy surgery in difficult situations mostly related to visibility of the targeted tissue. It is being used in cataract surgery since nearly a decade and its utilization has been extended to other anterior segment surgeries like trabeculectomy and corneal transplantation. This review will discuss the techniques and outcome of TB dye-assisted anterior segment surgeries. PMID:21681214

  6. Anterior ankle arthroscopy: indications, pitfalls, and complications.

    PubMed

    Epstein, David M; Black, Brandee S; Sherman, Seth L

    2015-03-01

    Anterior ankle arthroscopy is a useful, minimally invasive technique for diagnosing and treating ankle conditions. Arthroscopic treatment offers the benefit of decreased surgical morbidity, less postoperative pain, and earlier return to activities. Indications for anterior ankle arthroscopy continue to expand, including ankle instability, impingement, management of osteochondritis dissecans, synovectomy, and loose body removal. Anterior ankle arthroscopy has its own set of inherent risks and complications. Surgeons can decrease the risk of complications through mastery of ankle anatomy and biomechanics, and by careful preoperative planning and meticulous surgical technique. PMID:25726482

  7. [Neuropeptides of anterior pituitary origin].

    PubMed

    Peillon, F; Le Dafniet, M; Pagesy, P; Li, J Y; Benlot, C; Lagoguey, A; Brandi, A M; Joubert, D

    1990-01-01

    Several neuropeptides classically associated with the hypothalamus have been found in the anterior pituitary. The question arises whether they are locally synthesized and if they play a paracrine or autocrine role on pituitary hormone secretion. Using normal and tumoral human pituitaries we found neuropeptides (TRH, SRIH, GHRH) and dopamine in variable quantities according to the nature of the tissue. They were all present in normal pituitaries, while stimulatory hormones (TRH and GHRH) were predominantly found in tumoral tissue, implying an imbalance of pathophysiological importance between the stimulatory and inhibitory control of hypophyseal hormones (PRL and GH) in pituitary adenomas. Both normal and tumoral pituitaries released TRH, SRIH and GHRH in large amounts suggesting their local synthesis. The in situ synthesis was demonstrated for SRIH by the evidence of SRIH mRNA, the detection of SRIH immunoreactivity in peculiar cells and the presence of SRIH precursor. The possible role of these pituitary neuropeptides was suggested for instance by the negative correlation found in vitro between SRIH and GH secretions. Moreover neuropeptides could interact on each other. Indeed DA stimulated TRH release while PRL secretion decreased at the same time. Pulses of TRH had differential effects on SRIH release according to the nature of the tissue as TRH inhibited SRIH release from adenoma while it stimulated SRIH release from normal pituitary. Concerning the effects of SRIH and GHRH on GH secretion, there was an endogenous regulatory pattern comparable to that described in rat portal blood vessels. Pulses of GHRH induced GH secretion only when endogenous SRIH release was not stimulated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2291627

  8. Ipsilateral distal femoral and proximal tibial epiphyseal growth plate injury: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Both the isolated distal femoral epiphysiolysis and the isolated proximal tibial epiphysiolysis are the least common epiphyseal injuries. Even though they are uncommon, they have a high incidence rate of complications. Case presentation We present a case with Gustilo-Anderson grade 3b open and Salter-Harris type 1 epiphysiolysis of the distal femur and proximal tibia caused by a farm machinery accident. The patient was a 10-year-old boy, treated by open reduction and internal fixation. Conclusion Although distal femoral and proximal tibial growth plate injuries are rarely seen benign fractures, their management requires meticulous care. Anatomic reduction is important, especially to minimize the risk of growth arrest and the development of degenerative arthritis. However, there is a high incidence of growth arrest and neurovascular injury with these type of fractures. PMID:23724954

  9. [Dynamic loads at knee joint of trans-tibial amputee on different terrains].

    PubMed

    Jia, Xiaohong; Zhang, Ming; Fan, Yubo; Wang, Rencheng

    2005-04-01

    Dynamic loads at knee joint of amputee are fundamental for rehabilitation of knee injury and prosthesis design. In this paper, a 3-D model for calculation of dynamic load at knee joint of trans-tibial amputee was developed. Gait analysis was done on three terrains including normal level walking, upstairs and downstairs. Dynamic loads at knee joint were calculated during one gait cycle. The results show that gait patterns and dynamic loads at knee joint were different among these three terrains. Although the general waveforms were about the same, the motion range of knee joint, ground reaction forces and loads at knee joint when walking upstairs or downstairs were larger than those in a normal level walking. The quantitative findings provide the theoretical basis of gait analysis and prosthesis design for trans-tibial amputee. PMID:15884522

  10. Tibial tuberosity advancement for treatment of CrCL injury: complications and owner satisfaction.

    PubMed

    Steinberg, Ezra J; Prata, Raymond G; Palazzini, Karen; Brown, Dorothy C

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study of 171 dogs that underwent 193 tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) surgeries was to describe complications and owner satisfaction associated with the procedure. Complications occurred in 21 cases (11%). Subsequent meniscal tear was the most common complication (10/193, 5.2%). Increasing body weight (P=0.02-0.04) and small cage size (P=0.06) were significantly associated with postsurgical complications. Ninety-two percent of owners were satisfied with the outcome of the TTA procedure, but only 84% stated that they would be willing to have the procedure performed again. The authors concluded that TTA had a complication rate and owner satisfaction similar to other tibial osteotomies for the surgical correction of cranial cruciate ligament disease. PMID:21673333

  11. Multiligament knee injuries with associated tibial plateau fractures: A report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Sabesan, Vani J; Danielsky, Paul J; Childs, Abby; Valikodath, Tom

    2015-04-18

    The management of a combination of fracture and multiligament knee injury (MKI) in traumatic knee injury remains controversial, and there are evolving treatment recommendations. Currently, there are no studies focusing on older adult patients with MKI's in combination with tibia fractures. As a result, there is no well-established treatment algorithm for older adult patients with these complex injuries. We report two cases of MKI's with concomitant fractures in patients fifty years of age or older. Both patients were treated surgically for their associated tibial plateau fractures, but were managed with conservative treatment of the multiligamentous knee injuries. We also provide a review of the literature and guidelines for older adult patients with these types of complex traumatic injuries. Early to mid term acceptable outcomes were achieved for both patients through surgical fixation of the tibial plateau fracture and conservative treatment of the ligament injuries. We propose a comprehensive treatment algorithm for management of these complex injuries. PMID:25893180

  12. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: endoscopic versus two-incision technique.

    PubMed

    Harner, C D; Marks, P H; Fu, F H; Irrgang, J J; Silby, M B; Mengato, R

    1994-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the single-incision, "endoscopic" (ENDO) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction technique with the two-incision, "rear-entry" technique (RE). Sixty patients were entered into a prospective study. Thirty patients underwent ACL reconstruction by the RE technique, followed by 30 consecutive patients using the ENDO procedure. Postoperatively all patients followed a standardized rehabilitation protocol. Follow-up evaluation consisted of a detailed physical examination, range of motion, thigh girth, vertical leap, hop test, KT-1000 testing, and patient interview. They were scored according to the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) protocol, which takes objective and subjective data into account. Patients were also assessed for level of sports activity including frequency and type. Finally, anteroposterior and lateral x-ray films were evaluated with a scoring system for tunnel location. Of the initial 60 patients entered into the study, 50 were available for a detailed clinical and functional review (83%). Demographic comparisons revealed 24 RE patients and 26 ENDO patients. There were 16 men and 8 women in the RE group. The ENDO group comprised 16 men and 10 women. There were 14 right knees and 10 left knees in the RE group. In the ENDO group there were 13 right knees and 13 left knees. The average age in the RE group was 24 years and 25 years in the ENDO group. The average follow-up was 35 months (range 31-40 months) in the RE group and 29 months (range 24-35 months) in the ENDO group. Complications included two patients with loss of motion in the RE group and three in the ENDO group. There were no significant differences between the two groups tested with respect to the overall IKDC rating scale. Anteroposterior and lateral x-ray films revealed no significant differences in femoral and tibial tunnel placement. In conclusion, no significant functional or radiographic differences at a minimum 2-year follow-up could be identified when comparing the two ACL reconstructive techniques. PMID:7999157

  13. Primary stability of various implants in tibial opening wedge osteotomy: a biomechanical study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gunter Spahn; Ralf Wittig

    2002-01-01

    .  ?High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an established method for treating varus gonarthrosis. The opening wedge HTO has some advantages\\u000a over the lateral closed wedge technique. In this biomechanical study various systems of internal fixation of medial HTO were\\u000a compared using an animal cadaver model (lower leg specimens from 1-year-old female domestic pigs). The first osteotomy (10°)\\u000a was carried out and

  14. Stability of medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy: a failure analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. M. Nelissen; E. J. van Langelaan; R. G. H. H. Nelissen

    2010-01-01

    Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotmy (HTO) is often used to treat varus gonarthrosis in young, active, highly demanding\\u000a patients, although it has many pitfalls, which were evaluated in a consecutive cohort of patients. A retrospective analysis\\u000a of a consecutive series of 45 patients with 49 medial opening HTO for varus gonarthrosis using a spacer plate (Puddu I, Arthrex,\\u000a USA)

  15. Tibial Inlay Press-fit Fixation Versus Interference Screw in Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Ettinger, Max; Büermann, Sarah; Calliess, Tilman; Omar, Mohamed; Krettek, Christian; Hurschler, Christof; Jagodzinski, Michael; Petri, Maximilian

    2013-01-01

    Reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) by a tibial press-fit fixation of the patellar tendon with an accessory bone plug is a promising approach because no foreign materials are required. Until today, there is no data about the biomechanical properties of such press-fit fixations. The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical qualities of a bone plug tibial inlay technique with the commonly applied interference screw of patellar tendon PCL grafts. Twenty patellar tendons including a bone block were harvested from ten human cadavers. The grafts were implanted into twenty legs of adult German country pigs. In group P, the grafts were attached in a press-fit technique with accessory bone plug. In group S, the grafts were fixed with an interference screw. Each group consisted of 10 specimens. The constructs were biomechanically analyzed in cyclic loading between 60 and 250 N for 500 cycles recording elongation. Finally, ultimate failure load and failure mode were analyzed. Ultimate failure load was 598.6±36.3 N in group P and 653.7±39.8 N in group S (not significant, P>0.05). Elongation during cyclic loading between the 1st and the 20th cycle was 3.4±0.9 mm for group P and 3.1±1 mm for group S. Between the 20th and the 500th cycle, elongation was 4.2±2.3 mm in group P and 2.5±0.9 mm in group S (not significant, P>0.05). This is the first study investigating the biomechanical properties of tibial press-fit fixation of the patellar tendon with accessory bone plug in posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The implant-free tibial inlay technique shows equal biomechanical characteristics compared to an interference screw fixation. Further in vivo studies are desirable to compare the biological behavior and clinical relevance of this fixation device. PMID:24416479

  16. Posterior tibial artery access using transradial techniques: retrograde approach to inaccessible lower extremity lesions.

    PubMed

    Londoño, Juan Carlos; Singh, Vikas; Martinez, Claudia A

    2012-06-01

    Percutaneous intervention of chronic limb ischemia is often limited by vascular access especially in patients with previous surgical interventions. This warrants development of alternative endovascular techniques, particularly for patients in whom traditional ipsilateral antegrade or contralateral retrograde access has failed or is not possible. We describe a novel approach to the posterior tibial artery using retrograde access with transradial techniques including closure devices in two patients with inaccessible antegrade access. PMID:21432983

  17. High tibial osteotomy for varus gonarthrosis: a 10- to 24-year follow-up study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ho-Rim Choi; Yukiharu Hasegawa; Seiji Kondo; Takuya Shimizu; Kunio Ida; Hisashi Iwata

    2001-01-01

    .   From January 1976 to December 1990, 66 high tibial osteotomies for medial gonarthrosis were performed in 59 patients. Thirty\\u000a knees of 26 patients (18 women and 8 men) were reviewed after a mean follow-up period of 15.3 years (range, 10–24 years).\\u000a The mean age of these 26 patients was 59 years at the time of operation and 75.5 years

  18. High tibial osteotomy that does not cause recurrence of varus deformity for medial gonarthrosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takashi Habata; Kota Uematsu; Koji Hattori; Ryoji Kasanami; Yoshinori Takakura; Yoshiyuki Fujisawa

    2006-01-01

    It is widely accepted that high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an effective surgical treatment for medial gonarthrosis. However, long-term follow-up studies have revealed that the clinical results deteriorate over time and varus deformity often recurs. We performed barrel-vault osteotomy in HTO with a correction angle that did not cause arthritic progression in the medial compartment of the knee or recurrence

  19. Effects of freezing on the biomechanical and structural properties of human posterior tibial tendons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandro Giannini; Roberto Buda; Francesco Di Caprio; Patrizia Agati; Adriana Bigi; Viviana De Pasquale; Alessandro Ruggeri

    2008-01-01

    This work analyzes the effects of storage by fresh-freezing at ?80°C on the histological, structural and biomechanical properties\\u000a of the human posterior tibial tendon (PTT), used for ACL reconstruction. Twenty-two PTTs were harvested from eleven donors.\\u000a For each donor one tendon was frozen at ?80°C and thawed in physiological solution at 37°C, and the other was tested without\\u000a freezing (control).

  20. Locking plate fixation in distal metaphyseal tibial fractures: series of 79 patients

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Rakesh K.; Sangwan, Kapil; Singh, Vijendra; Walia, Saurav

    2009-01-01

    Open reduction and internal fixation in distal tibial fractures jeopardises fracture fragment vascularity and often results in soft tissue complications. Minimally invasive osteosynthesis, if possible, offers the best possible option as it permits adequate fixation in a biological manner. Seventy-nine consecutive adult patients with distal tibial fractures, including one patient with a bilateral fracture of the distal tibia, treated with locking plates, were retrospectively reviewed. The 4.5-mm limited-contact locking compression plate (LC-LCP) was used in 33 fractures, the metaphyseal LCP in 27 fractures and the distal medial tibial LCP in the remaining 20 fractures. Fibula fixation was performed in the majority of comminuted fractures (n?=?41) to maintain the second column of the ankle so as to achieve indirect reduction and to prevent collapse of the fracture. There were two cases of delayed wound breakdown in fractures fixed with the 4.5-mm LC-LCP. Five patients required primary bone grafting and three patients required secondary bone grafting. All cases of delayed union (n?=?7) and nonunion (n?=?3) were observed in cases where plates were used in bridge mode. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) with LCP was observed to be a reliable method of stabilisation for these fractures. Peri-operative docking of fracture ends may be a good option in severely impacted fractures with gap. The precontoured distal medial tibial LCP was observed to be a better tolerated implant in comparison to the 4.5-mm LC-LCP or metaphyseal LCP with respect to complications of soft tissues, bone healing and functional outcome, though its contour needs to be modified. PMID:19820935

  1. Internal tibial torsion correction study. [measurements of strain for corrective rotation of stressed tibia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cantu, J. M.; Madigan, C. M.

    1974-01-01

    A quantitative study of internal torsion in the entire tibial bone was performed by using strain gauges to measure the amount of deformation occuring at different locations. Comparison of strain measurements with physical dimensions of the bone produced the modulus of rigidity and its behavior under increased torque. Computerized analysis of the stress distribution shows that more strain occurs near the torqued ends of the bones where also most of the twisting and fracturing takes place.

  2. Anterior regeneration in the hemichordate Ptychodera flava

    PubMed Central

    Rychel, Amanda L.; Swalla, Billie J.

    2008-01-01

    Ptychodera flava is a hemichordate whose anterior structures regenerate reproducibly from posterior trunk pieces when amputated. We characterized the cellular processes of anterior regeneration with respect to programmed cell death and cell proliferation, following wound healing. We found scattered proliferating cells at day two of regeneration using a PCNA antibody. On day four, most proliferating cells were associated with the nerve tract under the epidermis, and on day six, a small proboscis derived from proliferated cells was regenerated, and a mouth had broken though the epidermis. TUNEL detected elevated levels of apoptosis in the endoderm that began furthest away from the region of wound healing, then moved anteriorly over eight days. Posterior to anterior apoptosis is likely to remove digestive endoderm for later differentiation of pharyngeal endoderm. We hypothesize that P. flava regeneration is nerve dependent and that remodeling in the gut endoderm plays an important role in regeneration. PMID:18924231

  3. Indications and techniques for anterior cervical plating.

    PubMed

    Rhee, John M; Park, Jong-Beom; Yang, Jun-Young; Riew, Daniel K

    2005-12-01

    Anterior cervical plating is commonly performed to stabilize anterior cervical fusions. Modern plating options include dynamic plates, with screws that can either toggle within fixed holes or translate within slotted holes. Regardless of the plating system used, paramount to success and avoidance of complications with plated anterior cervical fusions are meticulous plating techniques, exacting graft carpentry, and understanding the biomechanical limitations of plating in certain situations, such as multilevel corpectomies reconstructed with a single-strut graft. In order to prevent graft-related complications associated with long-strut grafts, additional posterior fixation and fusion, or alternative corpectomy constructs, such as multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, corpectomy-discectomy, and corpectomy-corpectomy, should be considered instead if the pattern of stenosis allows. PMID:16565534

  4. Comparison of tibial plateau angles in small and large breed dogs.

    PubMed

    Su, Lillian; Townsend, Katy L; Au, Jennifer; Wittum, Thomas E

    2015-06-01

    Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease can affect dogs of all sizes. The literature describing tibial plateau angle (TPA) in small breed dogs is limited. A retrospective study was conducted in unselected dogs presented for stifle or tibial examination to compare TPA in small breed dogs (n = 146 dogs, 185 stifles) versus large breed dogs (n = 200 dogs, 265 stifles). Small breed dogs had a mean TPA 3.1° ± 0.6° higher than large breed dogs. There were higher TPAs in spayed females and castrated males for all dogs compared with intact males (3.6° ± 1.0° and 2.7° ± 1.0°, respectively). Dogs with unilateral and bilateral CCL disease had higher TPAs compared to dogs with intact CCLs (2.0° ± 0.7° and 2.5° ± 0.8°, respectively). Tibial morphology differs between large and small breed dogs; however, the significance of the impact of TPA on CCL disease in small breed dogs is unknown. PMID:26028684

  5. The Morphometry of Soft Tissue Insertions on the Tibial Plateau: Data Acquisition and Statistical Shape Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Liying; Harner, Christopher D.; Zhang, Xudong

    2014-01-01

    This study characterized the soft tissue insertion morphometrics on the tibial plateau and their inter-relationships as well as variabilities. The outlines of the cruciate ligament and meniscal root insertions along with the medial and lateral cartilage on 20 cadaveric tibias (10 left and 10 right knees) were digitized and co-registered with corresponding CT-based 3D bone models. Generalized Procrustes Analysis was employed in conjunction with Principal Components Analysis to first create a geometric consensus based on tibial cartilage and then determine the means and variations of insertion morphometrics including shape, size, location, and inter-relationship measures. Step-wise regression analysis was conducted in search of parsimonious models relating the morphometric measures to the tibial plateau width and depth, and basic anthropometric and gender factors. The analyses resulted in statistical morphometric representations for Procrustes-superimposed cruciate ligament and meniscus insertions, and identified only a few moderate correlations (R2: 0.37–0.49). The study provided evidence challenging the isometric scaling based on a single dimension frequently employed in related morphometric studies, and data for evaluating cruciate ligament reconstruction strategies in terms of re-creating the native anatomy and minimizing the risk of iatrogenic injury. It paved the way for future development of computer-aided personalized orthopaedic surgery applications improving the quality of care and patient safety, and biomechanical models with a better population or average representation. PMID:24788908

  6. Ionising radiation exposure in patients with circular frame treatment of distal tibial fractures.

    PubMed

    Bryant, H; Dearden, P M C; Harwood, P J; Wood, T J; Sharma, H K

    2015-08-01

    Total radiation exposure accumulated during circular frame treatment of distal tibial fractures was quantified in 47 patients treated by a single surgeon from February 2007 until Oct 2010. The radiation exposures for all relevant radiology procedures for the distal tibial injury were included to estimate the radiation risk to the patient. The median time of treatment in the frame was 169 days (range 105-368 days). Patients underwent a median of 13 sets of plain radiographs; at least one intra operative exposure and 16 patients underwent CT scanning. The median total effective dose per patient from time of injury to discharge was 0.025mSv (interquartile range 0.013-0.162 and minimum to maximum 0.01-0.53). The only variable shown to be an independent predictor of cumulative radiation dose on multivariate analysis was the use of CT scanning. This was associated with a 13-fold increase in overall exposure. Radiation exposure during treatment of distal tibial fractures with a circular frame in this group was well within accepted safe limits. The fact that use of CT was the only significant predictor of overall exposure serves as a reminder to individually assess the risk and utility of radiological investigations on an individual basis. This is consistent with the UK legal requirements for justification of all X-ray imaging, as set out in the Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations 2000 [1]. PMID:25986665

  7. Complications associated with tibial plateau leveling osteotomy: a retrospective of 1519 procedures.

    PubMed

    Coletti, Thomas J; Anderson, Mark; Gorse, Mary Jean; Madsen, Richard

    2014-03-01

    This retrospective study identified complications associated with tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and predisposing factors for these complications in a large population of dogs from a metropolitan area with cruciate ligament deficiency. There were 943 dogs that underwent unilateral TPLO and 288 with staged bilateral TPLO for a total of 1519 procedures. There were 47 cases with at least 1 major complication and 126 cases with at least 1 minor complication but no major complications. The total complication rate (major or minor) was 11.4% [95% confidence interval (CI) estimate: 9.8%, 13.2%]; the major complication rate was 3.1% (95% CI: 2.3%, 4.1%); and the minor complication rate was 8.3% (95% CI: 7.0%, 9.8%). Factors associated with development of complications included being a German shepherd dog [odds ratio (OR): 3.2], tibial plateau angle > 30° (OR: 1.6), and heavier weights (for every 4.5 kg increase in body weight the OR increased by 1.10). Tibial plateau leveling osteotomy is a common treatment for dogs with cruciate ligament deficiency and has a low complication rate. PMID:24587508

  8. [Ankle para-articular tibial fracture. Is osteosynthesis with the unreamed intramedullary nail adequate?].

    PubMed

    Richter, D; Hahn, M P; Laun, R A; Ekkernkamp, A; Muhr, G; Ostermann, P A

    1998-05-01

    In a prospective study, 53 fractures of the distal fifth of the tibia were stabilized by unreamed nailing. Additional involvement of the ankle joint occurred in 18 patients. 50 patients returned for follow-up. In 30 patients tibia and fibula were fractured at the same (distal) level; in 20 patients the fracture of the fibula was located more proximally. In 12 patients the fractures extended into the tibial pilon. Severe soft tissue damage was seen in 24 fractures (18 open, 6 closed). Ninety percent of all fractures healed uneventfully without further surgical intervention after unreamed nailing. In two patients the unreamed nail had to be exchanged for a reamed tibial nail. Bone grafting and secondary dynamization of the nail by removal of a proximal interlocking bolt were performed in one case each. Thirty-one fractures healed in anatomical position. Valgus or varsus angulation of less than 5 degrees occurred in 18 patients. One fracture healed with rotatory angulation of 15 degrees. The highest rate of complications (22%) was seen in patients with distal fractures of the fibula without additional plating (of the fibula). There was no deep infection. Tibial fractures close to the ankle joint can be managed by unreamed nailing. Distal fractures of the fibula should be stabilized by additional plating. Because of the unreamed technique of implantation this procedure can also be used in grade II or III open fractures. PMID:9653568

  9. One-stage emergency treatment of open grade IIIB tibial shaft fractures with bone loss.

    PubMed

    Tropet, Y; Garbuio, P; Obert, L; Jeunet, L; Elias, B

    2001-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to report the authors' experience with emergency reconstruction of severe tibial shaft fractures. Five male patients were admitted to the emergency room with a grade IIIB open tibial shaft fracture with bone loss (average age, 33 years; age range, 18-65 years). Injuries were the result of motorcycle accidents (N = 2), pedestrian accidents (N = 1), gunshot wound (N = 1), and paragliding fall (N = 1). Primary emergent one-stage management for all patients consisted of administration of antibiotics, debridement, stabilization by locked intramedullary nailing, bone grafting from the iliac crest, and coverage using free muscle flaps (four latissimus dorsi and one gracilis). The average follow-up was 21 months (range, 8 months-3.5 years). Partial weight bearing with no immobilization was started at 3 months, and full weight bearing began 5 months after trauma. No angular complications and no nonunions were observed. There was one case of superficial infection without osteitis. All fractures healed within 6 months in 4 patients and within 10 months in 1 patient. At the last follow-up examination, ankle and knee motion was normal and no pain was noted, except for 1 patient who had associated lesions (ankle motion reduced by 50%). Aggressive emergency management of severe open tibial fractures provides good results. It improves end results markedly, not only by reducing tissue loss from infection, but also reducing healing and rehabilitation times. PMID:11216603

  10. Failure of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Whitehead, Timothy S

    2013-01-01

    Failure after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a potentially devastating event that affects a predominantly young and active population. This review article provides a comprehensive analysis of the potential causes of failure, including graft failure, loss of motion, extensor mechanism dysfunction, osteoarthritis, and infection. The etiology of graft failure is discussed in detail with a particular emphasis on failure after anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. PMID:23177471

  11. Comparisons of anterior segment biometry between Chinese and Caucasians using anterior segment optical coherence tomography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. K. Leung; P.-M. Palmiero; R. N. Weinreb; H. Li; Z. Sbeity; S. Dorairaj; D. Leung; S. Liu; J. M. Liebmann; N. Congdon; D. S. Lam; R. Ritch

    2010-01-01

    PurposeTo compare anterior segment parameters between eyes of Chinese and Caucasians using anterior segment optical coherence tomography and to evaluate the association between these parameters and anterior chamber angle width between the two ethnic groups.Methods60 Chinese and 60 Caucasians, 30 with open angles and 30 with narrow angles (defined as Shaffer grade ?2 in ?3 quadrants during dark room gonioscopy)

  12. Traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation: a case study of nonoperative management in a mixed martial arts athlete

    PubMed Central

    Sims, Kevin; Spina, Andreo

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To present an evidence-informed approach to the nonoperative management of a first-time, traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation. Clinical Features: A 30-year-old mixed martial arts athlete, with no prior shoulder injuries, presented one day following a first-time, traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation. An eight-week, individualized, intensive, nonoperative rehabilitation program was immediately begun upon presentation. Intervention and Outcome: Management consisted of immobilization of the shoulder in external rotation and a progressive rehabilitation program aimed at restoring range of motion, strength of the dynamic stabilizers, and proprioception of the shoulder. Eight weeks post-dislocation the patient had regained full range of motion and strength compared to the unaffected limb and apprehension and relocation tests for instability were negative. Conclusion: This case illustrates successful management of a first-time, traumatic, anterior shoulder dislocation using immobilization in external rotation combined with an intensive rehabilitation program. PMID:20037691

  13. The use of secure anonymised data linkage to determine changes in healthcare utilisation following severe open tibial fractures.

    PubMed

    Page, Piers R J; Trickett, Ryan W; Rahman, Shakeel M; Walters, Angharad; Pinder, Leila M; Brooks, Caroline J; Hutchings, Hayley; Pallister, Ian

    2015-07-01

    Severe open fractures of the lower limbs are complex injuries requiring expert multidisciplinary management in appropriate orthoplastic centres. This study aimed to assess the impact of open fractures on healthcare utilisation and test the null hypotheses that there is no difference in healthcare utilisation between the year before and year after injury, and that there is no difference in healthcare utilisation in the year post-injury between patients admitted directly to an orthoplastic centre in keeping with the joint BOA/BAPRAS standards and those having initial surgery elsewhere. This retrospective cohort study utilising secure anonymised information linkage (SAIL), a novel databank of anonymised nationally pooled health records, recruited patients over 18 years of age sustaining severe open lower limb fractures managed primarily or secondarily at our centre and who had data available in the SAIL databank. 101 patients met inclusion criteria and 90 of these had records in the SAIL databank. The number of days in hospital, number of primary care attendances, number of outpatient attendances and number of emergency department attendances in the years prior and subsequent to injury were recorded. Patients sustaining open fractures had significantly different healthcare utilisation in the year after injury when compared with the year before, in terms of days spent in hospital (23.42 vs. 1.70, p=0.000), outpatient attendances (11.98 vs. 1.05, p=0.000), primary care attendances (29.48 vs. 11.99, p=0.000) and emergency department presentations (0.2 vs. 0.01, p=0.025). Patients admitted directly to orthoplastic centres had significantly fewer operations (1.78 vs. 3.31) and GP attendances (23.6 vs. 33.52) than those transferred in subsequent to initial management in other units. There is a significant increase in healthcare utilisation after open tibial fracture. Adherence to national standards minimises the impact of this on both patients and health services. PMID:25916805

  14. Assessment and Evaluation of Predisposing Factors to Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

    PubMed Central

    Bonci, Christine M.

    1999-01-01

    Objective: Injury to the knee, specifically the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), constitutes one of the most serious disabling injuries in sports. Women are reportedly at an increased risk. Prevention depends on identifying possible risk factors that may contribute to an athlete's susceptibility to injury. The major objective of this article is to lay the groundwork for standardization of a screening protocol (1) by providing rationale for the use of selected variables that might be good predictors of noncontact ACL injury and (2) by describing appropriate measurement indices to further investigate their predictive power. Standardization of a screening protocol is the first step in developing both a reliable and valid assessment tool with predictive value for injury and outcome strategies to meet the special needs of patients. Data Sources: MEDLINE was searched from 1980 to 1998 using the terms “anterior cruciate ligament injury,” “knee joint stability,” “postural malalignments” “structural abnormalities,” “static structural measures,” “musculoskeletal strength imbalances,” “isokinetic testing,” and “functional performance tests.” Data Synthesis: Many different factors, both extrinsic and intrinsic, have been investigated in the search for predictors of noncontact ACL injuries. Based on a literature review, 3 factors in particular have garnered considerable attention from clinicians and researchers: static postural malalignments with special reference to excessive foot pronation, knee recurvatum, and external tibial torsion; lower extremity musculoskeletal strength; and neuromuscular control considerations. However, much of the information known about the predictive value of these variables is inconclusive and conflicting at best, prompting the need for additional investigation. Conclusions/Recommendations: Screening evaluations are routinely employed as part of clinical work-ups when athletes are healthy and in top form. The data collected have the potential to provide clinicians with important baseline information for maximizing structural and functional outcome strategies when deficiencies in test results are observed in subgroups of athletes matched for age, sex, and training or performance expectations. PMID:16558559

  15. Arthroscopic treatment of a large lateral femoral notch in acute anterior cruciate ligament tear.

    PubMed

    Tauber, Mark; Fox, Michael; Koller, Heiko; Klampfer, Helmut; Resch, Herbert

    2008-11-01

    A 24-year-old professional soccer player suffered an acute anterior cruciate ligament tear associated with a radiologically evident impression fracture of the lateral femoral condyle, the so-called "lateral femoral notch sign". Following MRI validation of the injury with detection of an additional lateral meniscus tear, arthroscopy was carried out 3 days after the injury. Due to the extended impression of about 5 mm, arthroscopically assisted closed reduction of the depression fracture was performed. A 3.2 mm tunnel was drilled at the lateral femoral condyle in a supero-inferior direction using an ACL tibial guide and the depressed area could be restored using an elevator. The resulting subchondral bone defect in the femoral condyle was filled with freeze-dried human cancellous bone allograft. As a one-stage procedure ACL reconstruction was carried out using a hamstring tendon technique. At 1-year follow up the patient has returned to full sporting function, including playing soccer with a radiographically reduced lateral femoral notch sign. PMID:18060552

  16. Evaluation of manual test for anterior cruciate ligament injury using a body-mounted sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshida, R.; Sagawa, K.; Tsukamoto, T.; Ishibashi, Y.

    2007-12-01

    Diagnosis method of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using body-mounted sensor is discussed. A wide variety of diagnosis method such as Pivot Shift Test (PST), Lachman Test and monitoring of jump motion (JT) are applied to examine the injured ACL. These methods, however, depend on the ability and the experience of examiner. The proposed method numerically provides three dimensional translation and rotation of the knee by using a newly developed 3D sensor. The 3D sensor is composed of three accelerometers and three gyroscopes. Measured acceleration of the knee during the examination is converted to the fixed system of coordinate according the acceleration of gravity and 3D rotation of the sensor, and is numerically integrated to derive 3D trajectory and rotation angle around the tibia. The experimental results of JT suggest that unsymmetrical movement of rotation angle of the tibia and sudden movement of estimated 3D trajectory show instability of knee joint. From the results of PST analysis, it is observed that the tibial angular velocity around the flexed position changes 41.6 [deg/s] at the injured side and 21.7 [deg/s] at the intact side. This result suggests the reposition of injured knee from subluxation.

  17. All-Epiphyseal, All-Inside Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Technique for Skeletally Immature Patients

    PubMed Central

    McCarthy, Moira M.; Graziano, Jessica; Green, Daniel W.; Cordasco, Frank A.

    2012-01-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are an increasingly recognized problem in the juvenile population. Unfortunately, outcomes with conservative treatment are extremely poor. Adult reconstruction techniques are inappropriate to treat skeletally immature patients because of the risk of physeal complications, including limb-length discrepancy and angular deformities. “Physeal-sparing” reconstruction techniques exist, but their ability to restore knee stability is not well understood. We describe an all-epiphyseal ACL reconstruction for use in skeletally immature patients. This is an all-inside technique with the femoral tunnel drilled retrograde and the tibial tunnel drilled retrograde; both tunnels are entirely within the epiphysis. Fixation of the hamstring autograft is achieved with soft-tissue buttons on both the femur and tibia. We present case examples for 2 patients who underwent the all-inside, all-epiphyseal reconstruction and our postoperative rehabilitation protocol. We present a novel surgical technique for an all-inside, all-epiphyseal ACL reconstruction in skeletally immature patients. PMID:23767001

  18. Biometric characterization of the anterior segment in a Sahrawi pediatric population

    PubMed Central

    Pérez-Cambrodí, Rafael José; Sañudo Buitrago, Francisco; Ruiz Fortes, Juan Pedro; Cardona, Genís

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To examine the biometric characteristics of the anterior segment in a group of Sahrawi children. Methods A total of 66 children (33 male and 33 female, aged between 8 and 13 years) participated in this prospective, observational study. The non-invasive Pentacam Scheimpflug imaging device was used to measure corneal thickness (CT) (at the thinnest corneal point), mean anterior (Km Ant) and posterior (Km Post) corneal radii, corneal volume (CVol), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and anterior chamber volume (ACVol). The contribution of age and gender to the various parameters was investigated. Results CT values of the present group of Sahrawi children were 521.70 ± 3.92 ?m. Boys had thicker corneas than girls, although this difference was not significant. Strong correlations were revealed between CT and CVol (r = 0.835; p < 0.001), as well as between anterior and posterior corneal radii (r = 0.916; p < 0.001) and between ACD and ACVol (r = 0.845; p < 0.001). Weaker, but significant correlations were encountered between several other pairs of ocular parameters. Age and gender were found to influence ACD and ACVol values. Conclusions Different measurement procedures and ethnic background preclude any direct comparison of the present results with published data, although CT in Sahrawi children was found to be lower than previously reported in children of similar age but different ethnicity.

  19. Efficacy of 3-Dimensional plates over Champys miniplates in mandibular anterior fractures

    PubMed Central

    Barde, Dhananjay H; Mudhol, Anupama; Ali, Fareedi Mukram; Madan, R S; Kar, Sanjay; Ustaad, Farheen

    2014-01-01

    Background: Mandibular fractures are treated surgically by either rigid or semi-rigid fixation, two techniques that reflect almost opposite concept of craniomaxillofacial osteosynthesis. The shortcomings of these fixations led to the development of 3 dimensional (3D) miniplates. This study was designed with the aim of evaluating the efficiency of 3D miniplate over Champys miniplate in anterior mandibular fractures. Materials & Methods: This study was done in 40 patients with anterior mandibular fractures. Group I consisting of 20 patients in whom 3D plates were used for fixation while in Group II consisting of other 20 patients, 4 holes straight plates were used. The efficacy of 3D miniplate over Champy’s miniplate was evaluated in terms of operating time, average pain, post operative infection, occlusion, wound dehiscence, post operative mobility and neurological deficit. Results: The mean operation time for Group II was more compared to Group I (statistically significant).There was significantly greater pain on day of surgery and at 2nd week for Group II patients but there was no significant difference between the two groups at 4th week. The post operative infection, occlusal disturbance, wound dehiscence, post operative mobility at facture site, neurological deficit was statistically insignificant (chi square test). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that fixation of anterior mandibular fractures with 3D plates provides three dimensional stability and carries low morbidity and infection rates. The only probable limitation of these 3D plates may be excessive implant material, but they seem to be easy alternative to champys miniplate. How to cite the article: Barde DH, Mudhol A, Ali FM, Madan RS, Kar S, Ustaad F. Efficacy of 3-Dimensional plates over Champys miniplates in mandibular anterior fractures. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(1):20-6. PMID:24653598

  20. Anteriorly placed splenic vein: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lal, Hira; Boruah, Deb K; Yadav, Ankusha; Samal, Amrita

    2015-04-01

    Splenic vein located anterior to pancreas is a rare congenital anomaly. To date, only one case has been reported in literature. A thorough knowledge of the normal anatomy, most frequent variations, and congenital and acquired anomalies of the spleno-portal axis is of great importance for hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeons. It is therefore essential for preoperative evaluation of the anatomical details of the spleno-portal venous axis to be made by imaging. We report such a case of anteriorly placed splenic vein in a 40-year-old female prospective renal donor. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the second reported case of an anteriorly placed splenic vein. PMID:25972673

  1. Morphometric Study of the Anterior Thalamoperforating Arteries

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Sung-Ho; Yeo, Dong-Kyu; Shim, Jae-Joon; Yoon, Seok-Mann; Chang, Jae-Chil

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the morphometry of the anterior thalamoperforating arteries (ATPA). Methods A microanatomical study was performed in 79 specimens from 42 formalin-fixed adult cadaver brains. The origins of the ATPAs were divided into anterior, middle, and posterior segments according to the crowding pattern. The morphometry of the ATPAs, including the premammillary artery (PMA), were examined under a surgical microscope. Results The anterior and middle segments of the ATPAs arose at mean intervals of 1.75±1.62 mm and 5.86±2.05 mm from the internal carotid artery (ICA), and the interval between these segments was a mean of 3.17±1.64 mm. The posterior segment arose at a mean interval of 2.43±1.46 mm from the posterior cerebral artery (PCA), and the interval between the middle and posterior segments was a mean of 3.45±1.39 mm. The mean numbers of perforators were 2.66±1.19, 3.03±1.84, and 1.67±0.98 in the anterior, middle, and posterior segments, respectively. The PMA originated from the middle segment in 66% of cases. A perforator-free zone was located >2 mm from the ICA in 30.4% and >2 mm from the PCA in 67.1% of cases. Conclusion Most perforators arose from the anterior and middle segments, within the anterior two-thirds of the posterior communicating artery (PCoA). The safest perforator-free zone was located closest to the PCA. These anatomical findings may be helpful to verify safety when treating lesions around the PCoA and in the interpeduncular fossa.

  2. THE EXOSKELETON AND INSECT PROPRIOCEPTION. I. RESPONSES OF TIBIAL CAMPANIFORM SENSILLA TO EXTERNAL AND MUSCLE-GENERATED FORCES IN THE AMERICAN COCKROACH, PERIPLANETA AMERICANA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SASHA N. ZILL; DAVID T. MORAN

    SUMMARY 1. The tibial campaniform sensilla are a group of mechanoreceptors in the cockroach leg that respond to cuticular strain. Each sensillum consists of a single bipolar neurone whose dendrite inserts into an ovoid cuticular cap embedded in the exoskeleton. 2. The tibial campaniform sensilla are consistently separable into two subgroups with mutually perpendicular cap orientation: the long axis of

  3. Substance P signaling contributes to the vascular and nociceptive abnormalities observed in a tibial fracture rat model of complex regional pain syndrome type I

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tian-Zhi Guo; Sarah C Offley; Erin A Boyd; Christopher R Jacobs; Wade S Kingery

    2004-01-01

    Wrist and ankle fractures are the most frequent causes of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS type I). The current study examined the temporal development of vascular, nociceptive and bony changes after distal tibial fracture in rats and compared these changes to those observed after cast immobilization in intact normal rats. After baseline testing the right distal tibial was fractured and

  4. Transcriptional profiles of multiple genes in the anterior kidney of channel catfish vaccinated with an attenuated Aeromonas hydrophila

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A total of 22 uniquely expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were identified from channel catfish anterior kidney subtractive cDNA library at 12h post vaccination with an attenuated A. hydrophila (AL09-71 N+R). Of the 22 ESTs, six were confirmed to be significantly (P<0.05) induced by the vaccination. Of 8...

  5. Potential sites of compression of tibial nerve branches in foot: a cadaveric and imaging study.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Sanjib Kumar; Raheja, Shashi; Tuli, Anita

    2013-09-01

    Hypertrophy of abductor hallucis muscle is one of the reported causes of compression of tibial nerve branches in foot, resulting in tarsal tunnel syndrome. In this study, we dissected the foot (including the sole) of 120 lower limbs in 60 human cadavers (45 males and 15 females), aged between 45 and 70 years to analyze the possible impact of abductor hallucis muscle in compression neuropathy of tibial nerve branches. We identified five areas in foot, where tibial nerve branches could be compressed by abductor hallucis. Our findings regarding three of these areas were substantiated by clinical evidence from ultrasonography of ankle and sole region, conducted in the affected foot of 120 patients (82 males and 38 females), aged between 42 and 75 years, who were referred for evaluation of pain and/or swelling in medial side of ankle joint with or without associated heel and/or sole pain. We also assessed whether estimation of parameters for the muscle size could identify patients at risk of having nerve compression due to abductor hallucis muscle hypertrophy. The interclass correlation coefficient for dorso-planter thickness of abductor hallucis muscle was 0.84 (95% CI, 0.63-0.92) and that of medio-lateral width was 0.78 (95% CI, 0.62-0.88) in the imaging study, suggesting both are reliable parameters of the muscle size. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed, if ultrasonographic estimation of dorso-plantar thickness is >12.8 mm and medio-lateral width > 30.66 mm in patients with symptoms of nerve compression in foot, abductor hallucis muscle hypertrophy associated compression neuropathy may be suspected. PMID:23255292

  6. Does it really spin? Intra-medullary nailing of segmental tibial fractures--a cadaveric study.

    PubMed

    Arastu, Mateen H; Sheehan, Brendan; Paolucci, Elizabeth Oddone; Buckley, Richard E

    2015-04-01

    This study aims to quantify the effect of intra-medullary reaming on rotational displacement of both long diaphyseal segmental tibial fractures (Melis Type III) and short (Melis Type IV) in a cadaveric model with differing degrees of soft tissue stripping. Eighteen fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens (9 matched pairs), median age at death was 85 years (68-92) were used to perform a standardized reaming procedure for an intra-medullary tibial nail and the rotational displacement of the segmental fracture fragment (long and short diaphyseal fractures) was recorded. Rotational displacement was recorded using a goniometer and K-wires positioned in the proximal, segmental and distal fracture fragments. Type III fractures rotate more than Type IV fractures (p<0.0001). In Type III fractures reaming to fit with 0%, 50% and 100% soft tissue stripping resulted in rotational displacement of 11.7 SD 12), 13 (SD 16.5) and 307.3 (SD 118.1) degrees respectively. In Type IV fractures reaming to fit with 0%, 50% and 100% soft tissue stripping resulted in rotational displacement of 8.5 (SD 5.5), 12.7 (SD 9.9) and 135.3 (SD 147.1) degrees respectively. The use of a pointed reduction clamp or unicortical plate eliminated rotational displacement. Reaming is a major risk factor for rotational displacement of segmental tibial fractures irrespective of the degree of soft tissue stripping. Long diaphyseal segmental fractures rotate more than shorter segmental fractures. We recommend always clamping the fracture during reaming to avoid rotational displacement. PMID:25627483

  7. Schatzker type IV medial tibial plateau fractures: a computed tomography-based morphological subclassification.

    PubMed

    Chang, Shi-Min; Zhang, Ying-Qi; Yao, Meng-Wei; Du, Shou-Chao; Li, Qing; Guo, Zhen

    2014-08-01

    Schatzker type IV medial tibial plateau fractures have an unfavorable prognosis, likely due to the mechanism of injury (fracture-dislocation/subluxation type) and possibly due to the involvement of the posterolateral plateau, which is different from previously thought. The aim of this study was to propose a new subclassification of Schatzker type IV fracture patterns based on 2-dimensional (2-D) computed tomography and three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction. The authors defined Schatzker type IV medial tibial plateau fractures as AO/OTA 41 type B fractures (partial articular), with partial or total medial plateau involvement, leaving at least the anterolateral quadrant intact. The images of 42 fractures (42 patients) were evaluated. The fractures were further anatomically divided into 2 groups: Group 1 were classic medial unicondylar fractures and Group 2 were more complicated variants involving both condyles, characterized by medial condyle fractures with lateral plateau extension, usually with articular impaction of the centroposterior lateral plateau. Twelve (29%) cases involved only the medial condyle, and 30 (71%) involved both the medial and lateral condyles. Twenty-nine (69%) cases demonstrated posterior coronal fractures. The most common patterns were bicondylar posteromedial plateau fractures with posterolateral quadrant depression (bicondylar posterior fractures: 14 cases, 33%) and total/subtotal medial condyle fractures with posterolateral quadrant depression (13 cases, 31%). The isolated unicondylar posteromedial split fracture was uncommon (2 cases, 5%). Computed tomography-based reconstruction enhances the understanding of fracture anatomy and the relationships between fracture fragments. In Schatzker type IV medial tibial plateau fractures, the involvement of posterolateral quadrants is common. PMID:25102505

  8. Long term course of the H reflex after selective tibial neurotomy

    PubMed Central

    Roujeau, T; Lefaucheur, J; Slavov, V; Gherardi, R; Decq, P

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the long term clinical and electrophysiological outcome by recording the H reflex in a consecutive series of six patients treated by selective tibial neurotomy for spastic equinus foot. Method: The amplitudes of Hmax reflexes, Mmax responses, and Hmax:Mmax ratio were recorded in six patients with chronic lower limb spasticity, before and after surgery, at day 1 and 8 months and 24 months after selective tibial neurotomy. The passive range of movement, the stretch reflex score according to the Tardieu scale, the osteoarticular and tendon repercussions, and the quality of motor control of dorsiflexion were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. Results: At the end of the study, all patients presented a reduction of equines. Gait and Tardieu's score of spasticity had improved in all patients. Active dorsiflexion of the ankle was unchanged in four patients, but two improved by 5° to 12°. In five cases, fascicular resection of the superior nerve to soleus was, alone, sufficient to reduce spastic equinus foot, without recurrence, for a mean follow up of 28 months. Two patients were reoperated on, one for remaining spasticity related to an underestimated spasticity of the gastrocnemius muscles, and the other for painful claw toes. Hmax, Mmax, and Hmax:Mmax ratios were significantly lower the day after surgery. The reduction of Hmax and Hmax/Mmax ratio remained stable over time and was still statistically significant two years after the operation. However, the value of Mmax eight months postoperatively was no longer significantly different from the preoperative value. Conclusion: This study shows the long term efficacy of the selective tibial neurotomy as treatment of spastic equinus foot. Neurotomy confined to fibres supplying the soleus muscle is sufficient in most cases and acts by decreasing sensory afferents without significant long term motor denervation. PMID:12810779

  9. Surgical treatment of osteoarthritis in the middle-aged athlete: new horizons in high tibial osteotomies.

    PubMed

    Scordino, Laura E; DeBerardino, Thomas M

    2013-03-01

    Middle-aged athletes represent adults from the age of 35 to 60 years for the purposes of this discussion. The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis increases with age, and older people are staying active longer. The indications for opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (owHTO) continue to grow. owHTO correct malalignment to unload the medial joint in middle-aged athletes with a varus knee who want to return to high-impact activities. owHTO may be combined with cartilage preserving procedures, or with ligament reconstructions. We describe our preferred surgical technique and surgical implant with advanced guidance system to create predictable accurate results. PMID:23314268

  10. [Distal tibial fracture--an indication for osteosynthesis with the unreamed intramedullary nail?].

    PubMed

    Richter, D; Ostermann, P A; Ekkernkamp, A; Hahn, M P; Muhr, G

    1997-01-01

    In a prospective study, 50 fractures of the distal fifth of the tibia with additional involvement of the ankle joint in 18 patients were stabilized by unreamed nailing. In all, 90% of all fractures healed uneventfully without further surgical intervention after unreamed nailing, the highest ratio of complications (22%) being seen in all patients with distal fractures of the fibula without additional plating (of the fibula). Tibial fractures close to the ankle joint can be managed by unreamed nailing; distal fractures of the fibula should be additionally stabilized by fibular plating. PMID:9574396

  11. Is Noncontact ACL Injury Associated with the Posterior Tibial and Meniscal Slope?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Hudek; B. Fuchs; F. Regenfelder; P. P. Koch

    Background  The risk of noncontact ACL injury reportedly is increased in patients with a greater posterior tibial slope (PTS), but clinical\\u000a data are inconsistent. It is unclear whether the medial and lateral PTSs have a different impact on this connection. It also\\u000a is unknown whether the meniscal slope (MS) is associated with ACL injury.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients\\/methods  Using MRI, we compared the medial and

  12. In vivo tibial stiffness is maintained by whole bone morphology and cross-sectional geometry in growing female mice

    PubMed Central

    Main, Russell P.; Lynch, Maureen E.; van der Meulen, Marjolein C.H.

    2010-01-01

    Whole bone morphology, cortical geometry, and tissue material properties modulate skeletal stresses and strains that in turn influence skeletal physiology and remodeling. Understanding how bone stiffness, the relationship between applied load and tissue strain, is regulated by developmental changes in bone structure and tissue material properties is important in implementing biophysical strategies for promoting healthy bone growth and preventing bone loss. The goal of this study was to relate developmental patterns of in vivo whole bone stiffness to whole bone morphology, cross-sectional geometry, and tissue properties using a mouse axial loading model. We measured in vivo tibial stiffness in three age groups (6wks, 10wks, 16wks old) of female C57Bl/6 mice during cyclic tibial compression. Tibial stiffness was then related to cortical geometry, longitudinal bone curvature, and tissue mineral density using microcomputed tomography (microCT). Tibial stiffness and the stresses induced by axial compression were generally maintained from 6 to 16wks of age. Growth-related increases in cortical cross-sectional geometry and longitudinal bone curvature had counteracting effects on induced bone stresses and, therefore, maintained tibial stiffness similarly with growth. Tissue mineral density increased slightly from 6 to 16wks of age, and although the effects of this increase on tibial stiffness were not directly measured, its role in the modulation of whole bone stiffness was likely minor over the age range examined. Thus, whole bone morphology, as characterized by longitudinal curvature, along with cortical geometry, plays an important role in modulating bone stiffness during development and should be considered when evaluating and designing in vivo loading studies and biophysical skeletal therapies. PMID:20673665

  13. Early results of a novel technique for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair: anterior vaginal wall darn

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to describe the results of a 1-year patient follow-up after anterior vaginal wall darn, a novel technique for the repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse. Methods Fifty-five patients with anterior vaginal wall prolapse underwent anterior vaginal wall darn. The anterior vaginal wall was detached using sharp and blunt dissection via an incision beginning 1 cm proximal to the external meatus and extending to the vaginal apex. The space between the tissues that attach the lateral vaginal walls to the arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis was then darned. Cough Stress Test, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification, seven-item Incontinence Impact Questionnaire, and six-item Urogenital Distress Inventory scores were performed 1-year postoperatively to evaluate recovery. Results One-year postoperatively, all patients were satisfied with the results of the procedure. No patient had vaginal mucosal erosion or any other complication. Conclusions One-year postoperative findings for patients in this series indicate that patients with stage II–III anterior vaginal wall prolapse were successfully treated with the anterior vaginal wall darn technique. PMID:24973955

  14. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Bone–Patellar Tendon–Bone Autograft to Avoid Harvest-Site Morbidity in Knee Arthroscopy

    PubMed Central

    Koh, Eitaku; Oe, Kenichi; Takemura, Seisuke; Iida, Hirokazu

    2015-01-01

    Although anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a bone–patellar tendon–bone (BPTB) autograft has many advantages (e.g., high strength and solid fixation), there are also several complications (e.g., anterior knee pain or kneeling pain) due to harvest-site morbidity associated with the use of this graft type compared with the use of hamstring tendon. Therefore the ultimate goal of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a BPTB graft is to minimize harvest-site morbidity. We have used a technique for harvesting central-third BPTB grafts that involves only a 3-cm-long, longitudinal, curved incision in the medial tibial tuberosity for both graft harvesting and fixation. The purpose of this report is to describe the technique, which can avoid the harvest-site morbidities associated with BPTB autografts during knee arthroscopy. We believe that this less invasive reconstruction may reduce the harvest-site morbidities associated with BPTB grafts because it allows for BPTB graft harvesting without incising the synovial bursa or paratenon and mitigates scarring and adhesion formation.

  15. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Autograft to Avoid Harvest-Site Morbidity in Knee Arthroscopy.

    PubMed

    Koh, Eitaku; Oe, Kenichi; Takemura, Seisuke; Iida, Hirokazu

    2015-04-01

    Although anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) autograft has many advantages (e.g., high strength and solid fixation), there are also several complications (e.g., anterior knee pain or kneeling pain) due to harvest-site morbidity associated with the use of this graft type compared with the use of hamstring tendon. Therefore the ultimate goal of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a BPTB graft is to minimize harvest-site morbidity. We have used a technique for harvesting central-third BPTB grafts that involves only a 3-cm-long, longitudinal, curved incision in the medial tibial tuberosity for both graft harvesting and fixation. The purpose of this report is to describe the technique, which can avoid the harvest-site morbidities associated with BPTB autografts during knee arthroscopy. We believe that this less invasive reconstruction may reduce the harvest-site morbidities associated with BPTB grafts because it allows for BPTB graft harvesting without incising the synovial bursa or paratenon and mitigates scarring and adhesion formation. PMID:26052497

  16. Thermal necrosis after simultaneous tibial osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty using press-fit extension-stem.

    PubMed

    Ishida, Kazunari; Tsumura, Nobuhiro; Takayama, Koji; Fukase, Naomasa; Kitagawa, Atsushi; Chin, Takaaki; Iguchi, Tetsuhiro; Matsumoto, Tomoyuki; Kubo, Seiji; Kurosaka, Masahiro; Kuroda, Ryosuke

    2011-01-01

    One-staged tibial corrective osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty is a challenging but effective treatment for arthritic knees with extra-articular deformity. Although osteocutaneous thermal necrosis is accepted as a complication of intramedullary reamed nailing following long bone fractures, only 15 cases have been reported in the English literature at present. This report illustrates a rare case of thermal necrosis in a patient undergoing tibial corrective osteotomy coincident with long-stemmed total knee arthroplasty. Excessive reaming with a machine reamer is hypothesized as the cause of this serious complication. In this report, we highlight this rare but serious complication after long-stemmed total knee arthroplasty. PMID:20532867

  17. Technical tips: reconstruction of deep and superficial deltoid ligaments by peroneus longus tendon in stage 4 posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Lui, T H

    2014-12-01

    The deltoid ligament is composed of the superficial and deep layers. Disruption of the deltoid ligament can occur in rotational ankle fracture, chronic ankle instability, or stage 4 posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. Correcting valgus tilt at the time of flatfoot reconstruction in case of stage 4 posterior tibial tendon dysfunction may prevent future collapse and the need for ankle arthrodesis or possibly ankle arthroplasty. We describe a technique of reconstruction of both the superficial and deep deltoid ligaments by peroneus longus tendon. PMID:25457670

  18. Anterior plating of unstable cervical spine fractures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D C Mann; B W Braner; J S Keene; A B Levin; David Mann

    1990-01-01

    Medical records and radiographs of 16 patients who had anterior decompression, bone grafting, and plating of grade III and IV (Allen 1982) unstable cervical spine injuries were reviewed. Surgery was performed within 15 days of injury, reductions were achieved and maintained at follow-up, and fusion occurred in all cases. Neurologic function stabilised or improved in all cases. However, 3 patients

  19. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Autograft or allograft?

    PubMed

    DiStefano, V

    1993-01-01

    Refinements in arthroscopic techniques have fostered an upsurge in arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. This article explores the relative merits of autogenous and allogeneic tissue used for this purpose and describes several important technical points in the author's preferred method of surgery. PMID:8418970

  20. Anatomical single bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael R. Carmont; Sven Scheffler; Tim Spalding; Jeremy Brown; Paul M. Sutton

    2011-01-01

    We present a review of the literature looking at the anatomy of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament, the biomechanical aspects\\u000a of ACL reconstruction, review the outcomes of single and double bundle ACL reconstruction and present the current techniques\\u000a for anatomic single bundle reconstruction.

  1. Chlamydia in Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pia V. Vécsei; Karl Kircher; Andreas Reitner; Gelas Khanakha; Gerold Stanek

    2002-01-01

    There is an increasing body of evidence linking the common respiratory human pathogen Chlamydia pneumoniae with atherosclerosis and other vascular disorders. Our research was designed to investigate the association of this organism with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION), representing an acute ischemic disorder of the optic nerve head. Sera were examined of 14 consecutive patients with AION and of 14

  2. Anterior segment dysgenesis in mosaic Turner syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I C Lloyd; P M Haigh; J Clayton-Smith; P Clayton; D A Price; A E A Ridgway; D Donnai

    1997-01-01

    AIMS\\/BACKGROUNDFemales with Turner syndrome commonly exhibit ophthalmological abnormalities, although there is little information in the literature documenting findings specific to Turner syndrome mosaics. Ophthalmic findings are described in four patients with mosaic Turner syndrome. All had anterior chamber abnormalities and all four had karyotypic abnormalities with a 45, X cell line. The possible relation between the karyotypic and the phenotypic

  3. Accelerated rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Donald Shelbourne; Paul Nitz

    1990-01-01

    To overcome many of the complications after ACL reconstruction (prolonged knee stiffness, limitation of complete extension, delay in strength recovery, anterior knee pain), yet still maintain knee stability, we devel oped a rehabilitation protocol that emphasizes full knee extension on the first postoperative day and immediate weightbearing according to the patient's tolerance. Of 800 patients who underwent intraarticular ACL patellar

  4. Direct Visualization of Existing Footprint and Outside-In Drilling of the Femoral Tunnel in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Knee.

    PubMed

    Sutter, E Grant; Anderson, John A; Garrett, William E

    2015-04-01

    Improper femoral tunnel placement in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a significant problem and may be a cause of ACL graft failure and abnormal kinematics, which may lead to late degenerative changes after reconstruction. Recently, there has been concern that the transtibial approach may contribute to nonanatomic placement of the femoral tunnel, resulting in abnormal knee kinematics. Tibial-independent techniques can provide more anatomic placement of the ACL graft, but these can be technically demanding. This technical note describes the senior author's technique to directly identify the femoral ACL remnant and use the center of the femoral ACL footprint and retrograde drilling to create an anatomic femoral socket for single-bundle reconstruction. This technique provides femoral tunnel placement based on identification of a patient-specific ACL footprint instead of averaged anatomic measurements from large groups. This technique has been shown to produce anatomic ACL graft position and orientation and restore more normal knee kinematics. PMID:26052485

  5. Direct Visualization of Existing Footprint and Outside-In Drilling of the Femoral Tunnel in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Knee

    PubMed Central

    Sutter, E. Grant; Anderson, John A.; Garrett, William E.

    2015-01-01

    Improper femoral tunnel placement in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a significant problem and may be a cause of ACL graft failure and abnormal kinematics, which may lead to late degenerative changes after reconstruction. Recently, there has been concern that the transtibial approach may contribute to nonanatomic placement of the femoral tunnel, resulting in abnormal knee kinematics. Tibial-independent techniques can provide more anatomic placement of the ACL graft, but these can be technically demanding. This technical note describes the senior author's technique to directly identify the femoral ACL remnant and use the center of the femoral ACL footprint and retrograde drilling to create an anatomic femoral socket for single-bundle reconstruction. This technique provides femoral tunnel placement based on identification of a patient-specific ACL footprint instead of averaged anatomic measurements from large groups. This technique has been shown to produce anatomic ACL graft position and orientation and restore more normal knee kinematics.

  6. Acute flaccid paralysis with anterior myelitis - California, June 2012-June 2014.

    PubMed

    Ayscue, Patrick; Van Haren, Keith; Sheriff, Heather; Waubant, Emmanuelle; Waldron, Paul; Yagi, Shigeo; Yen, Cynthia; Clayton, Anna; Padilla, Tasha; Pan, Chao; Reichel, John; Harriman, Kathleen; Watt, James; Sejvar, James; Nix, William Allan; Feikin, Daniel; Glaser, Carol

    2014-10-10

    In August 2012, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) was contacted by a San Francisco Bay area clinician who requested poliovirus testing for an unvaccinated man aged 29 years with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) associated with anterior myelitis (i.e., evidence of inflammation of the spinal cord involving the grey matter including anterior horn cell bodies) and no history of international travel during the month before symptom onset. Within 2 weeks, CDPH had received reports of two additional cases of AFP with anterior myelitis of unknown etiology. Testing at CDPH's Viral and Rickettsial Disease Laboratory for stool, nasopharyngeal swab, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) did not detect the presence of an enterovirus (EV), the genus of the family Picornaviridae that includes poliovirus. Additional laboratory testing for infectious diseases conducted at the CDPH Viral and Rickettsial Disease Laboratory did not identify a causative agent to explain the observed clinical syndrome reported among the patients. To identify other cases of AFP with anterior myelitis and elucidate possible common etiologies, CDPH posted alerts in official communications for California local health departments during December 2012, July 2013, and February 2014. Reports of cases of neurologic illness received by CDPH were investigated throughout this period, and clinicians were encouraged to submit clinical samples for testing. A total of 23 cases of AFP with anterior myelitis of unknown etiology were identified. Epidemiologic and laboratory investigation did not identify poliovirus infection as a possible cause for the observed cases. No common etiology was identified to explain the reported cases, although EV-D68 was identified in upper respiratory tract specimens of two patients. EV infection, including poliovirus infection, should be considered in the differential diagnosis in cases of AFP with anterior myelitis and testing performed per CDC guidelines. PMID:25299608

  7. Measurement of anterior chamber diameter and biometry of anterior segment by Scheimpflug slitlamp photography

    SciTech Connect

    Lerman, S.; Hockwin, O.

    1985-03-01

    Twenty-eight fresh donor eyes (Georgia Lions Eye Bank) ranging in age from four months to 87 years were used for an in vitro study to determine the feasibility of obtaining accurate anterior chamber diameter measurements with our Scheimpflug ultraviolet-visible slitlamp densitography apparatus. The in vivo study was performed on 16 hybrid monkeys (of varying age). These data were within 0.1 mm of measurements obtained with a modified paracentesis needle specially designed to obtain such measurements. The results of the foregoing study demonstrate that the Scheimpflug slitlamp photographic analyses can provide an accurate measurement of the anterior chamber diameter without entering the globe surgically. This will enable the surgeon to determine the diameter and order an anterior chamber IOL of a specified size prior to surgery. The authors have devised an automated program to analyze the negatives and provide direct anterior chamber diameter measurements.

  8. Dipyrone has no effects on bone healing of tibial fractures in rats

    PubMed Central

    Gali, Julio Cesar; Sansanovicz, Dennis; Ventin, Fernando Carvalho; Paes, Rodrigo Henrique; Quevedo, Francisco Carlos; Caetano, Edie Benedito

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of dipyrone on healing of tibial fractures in rats. METHODS: Fourty-two Wistar rats were used, with mean body weight of 280g. After being anesthetized, they were submitted to closed fracture of the tibia and fibula of the right posterior paw through manual force. The rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group that received a daily intraperitoneal injection of saline solution; group D-40, that received saline injection containing 40mg/Kg dipyrone; and group D-80, that received saline injection containing 80mg/Kg dipyrone. After 28 days the rats were sacrificed and received a new label code that was known by only one researcher. The fractured limbs were then amputated and X-rayed. The tibias were disarticulated and subjected to mechanical, radiological and histological evaluation. For statistical analysis the Kruskal-Wallis test was used at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: There wasn't any type of dipyrone effect on healing of rats tibial fractures in relation to the control group. CONCLUSION: Dipyrone may be used safely for pain control in the treatment of fractures, without any interference on bone healing. Level of Evidence II, Controlled Laboratory Study. PMID:25246852

  9. Comparison between Platelet-Rich Plasma and Autologous Iliac Grafts for Tibial Osteotomy

    PubMed Central

    D’Elia, Caio Oliveira; de Rezende, Márcia Uchôa; Bitar, Alexandre Carneiro; Tatsui, Nelson; Pécora, José Ricardo; Hernandez, Arnaldo José; Camanho, Gilberto Luis

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has the capacity to improve the bone-healing process. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the occurrence of bone healing and the time taken to achieve this in patients submitted to medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO), comparing platelet-rich plasma with bone marrow aspirate to autologous iliac graft. Design: Twenty-five patients who underwent tibial osteotomy were randomly divided into 2 groups: a control group, which received autologous iliac grafts (14 patients), and a study group, which received a compound of PRP and bone marrow aspirate (11 patients). Results: The bone-healing rates achieved were 100% in the control group and 91% in the study group. There was no difference in the time taken to achieve bone healing between the groups. Conclusions: The use of a combination of PRP and bone marrow aspirate, as a bone substitute, did not demonstrate any advantage over the use of an autologous iliac graft in MOWHTO.

  10. Bicondylar tibial plateau fractures treated with fine-wire circular external fixation.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, N; Marais, L C

    2014-04-01

    Bicondylar tibial plateau fractures are serious injuries to a major weight-bearing joint. These injuries are often associated with severe soft tissue injuries that complicate surgical management. We reviewed 54 consecutive patients who sustained bicondylar tibial plateau fractures that were treated with limited open reduction and cannulated screw fixation combined with fine-wire circular external fixation. Forty-six patients met the inclusion criteria of this retrospective review. Eight patients were excluded because they did not complete a minimum of 1-year follow-up. Thirty-six patients had Schatzker type-VI, and ten patients had Schatzker type-V fractures. All fractures were united without loss of reduction; there were no incidences of wound complications, osteomyelitis or septic arthritis. The average Knee Society Clinical Rating Score was 81.6, translating to good clinical results. Minor pin track infection was the most common complication encountered. This review concludes that fine-wire circular external fixation, combined with limited open reduction and cannulated screw fixation, consistently produces good functional results without serious complications. PMID:24510395

  11. Changes in cardiac output and tibial artery flow during and after progressive LBNP

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    A 3.0 MHz Pulsed Doppler velocity meter (PD) was used to determine blood velocities in the ascending aorta from the suprasternal notch before, during and after progressive 5 min stages of lower body negative pressure (LBNP) in 7 subjects. Changes in stroke volume were calculated from the systolic velocity integrals. A unique 20 MHz PD was used to estimate bloodflow in the posterior tibial artery. With -20 torr mean stroke volume fell 11% and then continued to decline by 48% before LBNP was terminated. Mean tibial flow fell progressively with LBNP stress, due to an increase in reverse flow component and a reduction in peak forward flow and diameter. Stroke volume increased and heart rate fell dramatically during the first 15 sec of recovery. The LBNP was terminated early in 2 subjects because of vasovagal symptons (V). During V the stroke volume rose 86% which more than compensated for the drop in heart rate. This implies that V is accompanied by a paradoxical increase in venous return and that the reduction in HR is the primary cardiovascular event. During the first 15 sec of recovery these 2 subjects had a distinctive marked rise to heart rate reminiscent of the Bainbridge reflex.

  12. Initial mechanical stability of cementless highly-porous titanium tibial components

    SciTech Connect

    Stone, Timothy Brandon [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Amer, Luke D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Warren, Christopher P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cornwell, Phillip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Meneghini, R Michael [UNIV OF CONNECTICUT HEALTH CENTER

    2008-01-01

    Cementless fixation in total knee replacement has seen limited use since reports of early failure surfaced in the late 80s and early 90s. However the emergence of improved biomaterials, particularly porous titanium and tantalum, has led to a renewed interest in developing a cementless tibial component to enhance long-term survivorship of the implants. Cement is commonly employed to minimize micromotion in new implants but represents a weak interface between the implant and bone. The elimination of cement and application of these new biomaterials, which theoretically provide improved stability and ultimate osseointegration, would likely result in greater knee replacement success. Additionally, the removal of cement from the procedure would help minimize surgical durations and get rid of the time needed for curing, thereby the chance of infection. The purpose of this biomechanical study was twofold. The first goal was to assess whether vibration analysis techniques can be used to evaluate and characterize initial mechanical stability of cementless implants more accurately than the traditional method of micromotion determination, which employs linear variable differential transducers (LVDTs). Second, an evaluative study was performed to determine the comparative mechanical stability of five designs of cementless tibial components under mechanical loading designed to simulate in vivo forces. The test groups will include a cemented Triathlon Keeled baseplate control group, three different 2-peg cementless baseplates with smooth, mid, and high roughnesses and a 4-peg cement/ess baseplate with mid-roughness.

  13. Surgical results of anterior corpectomy in the aged patients with cervical myelopathy.

    PubMed

    Lu, Jun; Wu, Xiaotao; Li, Yonggang; Kong, Xiangfei

    2008-01-01

    Retrospective study on the results of anterior corpectomy for the treatment of cervical myelopathy in patients over 70 years old. To evaluate the surgical results of anterior corpectomy in aged patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy and to investigate the probable pathomechanism by radiographic study. There are few data focused on the surgical results and post-operative complications of anterior corpectomy in aged patients with cervical myelopathy. Twenty patients 70 years of age or older who underwent anterior corpectomy, titanium mesh cage (TMC) reconstruction and anterior plate fixation for the treatment of compressive cervical myelopathy were reviewed. The average age at the time of operation was 75 years. Neurologic deficits before and after surgery were assessed using a scoring system proposed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA Score). Clinical results and post-operative complications were compared with those of patients 69 years old or younger as a control. Pre-operative Radiologic evaluation of every patient consisted of anterior-posterior, lateral, bilateral oblique, flextion, and extension radiographs, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine. Any factor causing spinal cord compression and the sign of cervical instability were recorded. Surgical-related complications occurred in seven patients in the aged group. The incidence of complications was 35% in the aged patient group and 9.7% in the control group respectively. Although the difference was striking, no statistical significance was found between the two groups. One patient died of respiratory failure resulting from pulmonary infection. The mortality rate was 5%. The pre-operative mean JOA score was 9.3 (from 3 to 14) in the aged patient group. Nineteen patients were followed at least 2 years and the mean JOA score was 13.4 (from 8 to 17). 68.4% of the aged patients achieved a good or excellent result. There was no statistical difference in the recovery rate of JOA score between the aged group (58.1%) and control group (67.0%). In the pre-operative radiographs, the incidence of cervical instability was much higher in the control group (32%) than in the aged group (5%) and multilevel cord compression caused by posterior disc space osteophytes was more common in the aged group. Anterior corpectomy combined with TMC fusion and plate fixation provides favorable neurologic recovery even in the patients over 70 years old. However, the incidence of surgical related complications shows a conspicuous increasing in the aged patients. Overcompensation mechanism for cervical instability is the probable cause of degenerative cervical spondylotic myelopathy in aged patients. PMID:17972117

  14. Simulation of the ligament forces affected by prosthetic alignment in a trans-tibial amputee case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Dan Fang; Xiao Hong Jia; Rencheng Wang; Shuangfu Suo

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study were to predict and explain the patterns of ligament forces in the stump of a left trans-tibial amputee during walking, and to study the effects of the prosthetic alignment. Musculoskeletal modeling and computer simulation were combined to calculate ligament forces. The prosthesis was aligned to be in optimal position for the subject and then changed

  15. Soft-tissue coverage of an extensive mid-tibial wound with the combined medial gastrocnemius and medial hemisoleus muscle flaps: the role of local muscle flaps revisited.

    PubMed

    Pu, Lee L Q

    2010-08-01

    The proper soft-tissue management for an extensive mid-tibial wound of the leg with a less aggressive surgical approach has rarely been discussed in the literature and the reliability and the usefulness of such an approach to this challenging clinical problem remains uncertain. In this series, four patients with an extensive mid-tibial wound (12x3 to 22x6 cm) of the leg underwent the combined medial gastrocnemius and medial hemisoleus muscle flaps for soft-tissue reconstruction. Both muscle flaps were elevated with emphasis on the preservation of the critical perforators from the posterior tibial vessels to the medial hemisoleus muscle flap as possible and on the possible preservation of foot planter flexion by reconstruction of the proximal Achilles tendon to minimise functional loss. All patients except one had primary healing of their tibial wounds. One patient developed insignificant distal flap necrosis of the medial soleus flap and was treated with debridement and flap re-advancement. Three patients with tibial fracture also had evidenced healing of their tibial fractures. Limb salvage was achieved in all four patients during follow-up. Thus, the combined medial gastrocnemius and medial hemisoleus muscle flaps can be a valid option for soft-tissue coverage of an extensive mid-tibial wound of the leg when both local muscle flaps are not traumatised. Such an approach offers relatively simple but more cost-effective way to manage this complex clinical problem and should be revisited by reconstructive surgeons. PMID:20627760

  16. Factors affecting the region of most isometric femoral attachmentsPart II: The anterior cruciate ligament

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohamed S. Hefzy; Edward S. Grood; Frank R. Noyes

    1989-01-01

    During flexion of the intact knee, we measured the changes in distance between possible tibial and femoral attachments of an intraarticular ACL substitute. The change in distance during motion was described by the difference between the longest and shortest distances measured. Using knees from eight cadaver donors, we studied the effects of varying tibial and femoral attach ment locations, applying

  17. Characterization of rat model of acute anterior uveitis using optical coherence tomography angiography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Woo June; Pepple, Kathryn L.; Zhi, Zhongwei; Wang, Ruikang K.

    2015-03-01

    Uveitis, or ocular inflammation, is a cause of severe visual impairment. Rodent models of uveitis are powerful tools used to investigate the pathological mechanisms of ocular inflammation and to study the efficacy of new therapies prior to human testing. In this paper, we report the utility of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) angiography in characterizing the inflammatory changes induced in the anterior segment of a rat model of uveitis. Acute anterior uveitis (AAU) was induced in two rats by intravitreal injection of a killed mycobacterial extract. One of them received a concurrent periocular injection of steroids to model a treatment effect. OCT imaging was performed prior to inflammation induction on day 0 (baseline), and 2 days post-injection (peak inflammation). Baseline and inflamed images were compared. OCT angiography identified swelling of the cornea, inflammatory cells in the anterior and posterior chambers, a fibrinous papillary membrane, and dilation of iris vessels in the inflamed eyes when compared to baseline images. Steroid treatment was shown to prevent the changes associated with inflammation. This is a novel application of anterior OCT imaging in animal models of uveitis, and provides a high resolution, in vivo assay for detecting and quantifying ocular inflammation and the response to new therapies.

  18. Four year experience with the AO Anterior Thoracolumbar Locking Plate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J S Thalgott; M B Kabins; M Timlin; K Fritts; J M Giuffre

    1997-01-01

    For decades spinal surgeons have attempted to design simple, single stage anterior internal fixation systems for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Early devices presented both biomechanical and technical problems. The AO Anterior Thoracolumbar Locking Plate (ATLP) was designed to solve some of the problems encountered with early anterior instrumentation. The ATLP system is constructed in Commercially Pure titanium. It is

  19. Flap Coverage of Anterior Abdominal Wall Defects

    PubMed Central

    Sacks, Justin M.; Broyles, Justin M.; Baumann, Donald P.

    2012-01-01

    Reconstruction of complex defects of the anterior abdomen is both challenging and technically demanding for reconstructive surgeons. Advancements in the use of pedicle and free tissue transfer along with the use of bioprosthetic and synthetic meshes have provided for novel approaches to these complex defects. Accordingly, detailed knowledge of abdominal wall and lower extremity anatomy in combination with insight into the design, implementation, and limitations of various flaps is essential to solve these complex clinical problems. Although these defects can be attributed to a myriad of etiologic factors, the objectives in abdominal wall reconstruction are consistent and include the restoration of abdominal wall integrity, protection of intraabdominal viscera, and the prevention of herniation. In this article, the authors review pertinent anatomy and the various local, regional, and distant flaps that can be utilized in the reconstruction of these complex clinical cases of the anterior abdomen. PMID:23372457

  20. A randomised trial of all-polyethylene and metal-backed tibial components in unicompartmental arthroplasty of the knee.

    PubMed

    Hutt, J R B; Farhadnia, P; Massé, V; Lavigne, M; Vendittoli, P-A

    2015-06-01

    This randomised trial evaluated the outcome of a single design of unicompartmental arthroplasty of the knee (UKA) with either a cemented all-polyethylene or a metal-backed modular tibial component. A total of 63 knees in 45 patients (17 male, 28 female) were included, 27 in the all-polyethylene group and 36 in the metal-backed group. The mean age was 57.9 years (39.6 to 76.9). At a mean follow-up of 6.4 years (5 to 9.9), 11 all-polyethylene components (41%) were revised (at a mean of 5.8 years; 1.4 to 8.0) post-operatively and two metal-backed components were revised (at one and five years). One revision in both groups was for unexplained pain, one in the metal-backed group was for progression of osteoarthritis. The others in the all-polyethylene group were for aseptic loosening. The survivorship at seven years calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method for the all-polyethylene group was 56.5% (95% CI 31.9 to 75.2, number at risk 7) and for the metal-backed group was 93.8% (95% CI 77.3 to 98.4, number at risk 16) This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). At the most recent follow-up, significantly better mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index Scores were found in the all-polyethylene group (13.4 vs 23.0, p = 0.03) but there was no difference in the mean Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome scores (68.8; 41.4 to 99.0 vs 62.6; 24.0 to 100.0), p = 0.36). There were no significant differences for range of movement (p = 0.36) or satisfaction (p = 0.23). This randomised study demonstrates that all-polyethylene components in this design of fixed bearing UKA had unsatisfactory results with significantly higher rates of failure before ten years compared with the metal-back components. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:786-92. PMID:26033058

  1. Allograft maturation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Lee, Cassandra A; Meyer, Jeffrey V; Shilt, Jeffrey S; Poehling, Gary G

    2004-07-01

    This case report describes the histologic incorporation of a freeze-dried Achilles tendon allograft used for arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The patient had regained stability from the procedure but had worsening pain over the medial compartment. The patient underwent total knee arthroplasty 2.5 years after ACL reconstruction. The surgeon was able to observe the graft in situ and examine the histology of the graft tunnel interface. This interface demonstrated Sharpey's fibers. PMID:15243424

  2. Hand-assisted laparoscopic low anterior resection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Pietrabissa; C. Moretto; A. Carobbi; U. Boggi; M. Ghilli; F. Mosca

    2002-01-01

      Background: Laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer has never gained wide acceptance among general surgeons,\\u000a mainly due to the technical difficulties encountered during pelvic dissection. It has therefore been stated that these patients\\u000a should undergo open rather than laparoscopic surgery. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) is a new technique that has\\u000a the potential to overcome many of the existing limitations

  3. Laparoscopic cardiomyotomy and anterior partial fundoplication forachalasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Ackroyd; D. I. Watson; P. G. Devitt; G. G. Jamieson

    2001-01-01

      Background: Although surgical myotomy is considered the gold standard, many different treatments have been advocated for achalasia.\\u000a There are now a number of reports of cardiomyotomy being performed laparoscopically. Methods: This is a prospective study\\u000a of 82 patients (47 male and 35 female; median age, 47 years) who underwent laparoscopic cardiomyotomy and anterior partial\\u000a fundoplication for achalasia. Results: Four of

  4. Complications of anterior compartment vaginal surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric S. Rovner

    2007-01-01

    Many complications can be associated with anterior compartment surgery of the vagina. With the integration of synthetic materials\\u000a into the surgical armamentarium for the repair of stress urinary incontinence in the form of midurethral slings, and for the\\u000a repair of vaginal prolapse as a primary procedure or to augment an existing repair, the spectrum of complications related\\u000a to this type

  5. Modified anterior approach to the bladder neck: simple and reproducible procedure for anterior bladder neck transection during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

    PubMed

    Shimbo, Masaki; Hattori, Kazunori; Endo, Fumiyasu; Matsushita, Kazuhito; Iwabuchi, Toshihisa; Tobisu, Kenichi; Muraishi, Osamu

    2014-09-01

    To evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of a simple technique for identifying the initial cutting point of the bladder neck during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. To precisely identify the prostatovesical junction, we first pulled the anterior bladder wall in an upward direction with the second arm to identify the precise location of the prostatovesical junction where anterior bladder neck dissection is initiated. After one experienced surgeon had established this technique, three surgeons who were less experienced in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy utilized this method for 50 consecutive robot-assisted radical prostatectomy cases. The pathological results and the time required to transect the anterior bladder wall were evaluated. There were no cases of positive resection margin on the site of bladder neck. The mean resection time was not significantly different when comparing less experienced surgeons with the experienced surgeon (P?=?0.29). In conclusion, this method is a simple and reproducible way to identify the bladder neck during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. This technique is also useful (for laparoscopic or open radical prostatectomy) even in difficult scenarios, such as post-transurethral resection of prostate cases. PMID:24825076

  6. Analysis of Arterial Mechanics During Head-Down-Tilt Bed Rest

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elliott, Morgan B.; Martin, David S.; Westby, Christian M.; Stenger, Michael B.; Platts, Steven H.

    2014-01-01

    Carotid, brachial, and tibial arteries reacted differently to HDTBR. Previous studies have not analyzed the mechanical properties of the human brachial or anterior tibial arteries. After slight variations during bed-rest, arterial mechanical properties and IMT returned to pre-bed rest values, with the exception of tibial stiffness and PSE, which continued to be reduced post-bed rest while the DC remained elevated. The tibial artery remodeling was probably due to decreased pressure and volume. Resulting implications for longer duration spaceflight are unclear. Arterial health may be affected by microgravity, as shown by increased thoracic aorta stiffness in other ground based simulations (Aubert).

  7. Anteriorly based pedicled flaps for skull base reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Meier, Joshua C; Bleier, Benjamin S

    2013-01-01

    The expansion of endoscopic skull base surgery has resulted in the creation of large defects that must be repaired to ensure separation of the cranial vault from the nasal cavity. The workhorse of anterior skull base reconstruction remains the nasoseptal or Hadad-Bassagasteguy flap. Despite its success, the nasoseptal flap is limited in its ability to reach extremely anterior defects including those involving the frontal break, posterior frontal table, and anterior cribiform plate. Alternative approaches utilizing anteriorly pedicled flaps have been described which exploit the vascular supply to the anterior septum and lateral nasal wall. The diminutive nature of the anterior septal blood supply has led to the elaboration of a bipedicled anterior septal flap which is capable of reliable reconstruction of both the frontal beak as well as posterior frontal table defects. Similarly anteriorly based inferior turbinate flaps pedicled largely on anterior ethmoid arborizations have been used successfully to reconstruct anterior defects. In light of the limitations of the nasoseptal flap, the addition of anteriorly pedicled flaps to the clinical armamentarium offers the opportunity to provide vascularized mucosal coverage of virtually any region of the skull base which can be reached endoscopically. PMID:23257553

  8. Stability of medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy: a failure analysis

    PubMed Central

    van Langelaan, E. J.; Nelissen, R. G. H. H.

    2009-01-01

    Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotmy (HTO) is often used to treat varus gonarthrosis in young, active, highly demanding patients, although it has many pitfalls, which were evaluated in a consecutive cohort of patients. A retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of 45 patients with 49 medial opening HTO for varus gonarthrosis using a spacer plate (Puddu I, Arthrex, USA) were included. A Chi square test was used to study the effect between the wedge size and complications. Complications occurred in 22 knees (45%). There was no significant difference between groups for individual complications; however, when combined, there were significantly more complications in the >10 mm wedge group (Chi square p?=?0.05). The overall complication rate in this series was 45%. The majority were related to intrinsic instability at the osteotomy site (24%) and surgical technique (20%). The evaluated spacer provided inadequate stability. PMID:19189104

  9. Stability of medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy: a failure analysis.

    PubMed

    Nelissen, E M; van Langelaan, E J; Nelissen, R G H H

    2010-02-01

    Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotmy (HTO) is often used to treat varus gonarthrosis in young, active, highly demanding patients, although it has many pitfalls, which were evaluated in a consecutive cohort of patients. A retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of 45 patients with 49 medial opening HTO for varus gonarthrosis using a spacer plate (Puddu I, Arthrex, USA) were included. A Chi square test was used to study the effect between the wedge size and complications. Complications occurred in 22 knees (45%). There was no significant difference between groups for individual complications; however, when combined, there were significantly more complications in the >10 mm wedge group (Chi square p = 0.05). The overall complication rate in this series was 45%. The majority were related to intrinsic instability at the osteotomy site (24%) and surgical technique (20%). The evaluated spacer provided inadequate stability. PMID:19189104

  10. An important cause of pes planus: the posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Erol, Kemal; Karahan, Ali Yavuz; Kerimo?lu, Ülkü; Ordahan, Banu; Tekin, Levent; ?ahin, Muhammed; Kaydok, Ercan

    2015-01-28

    Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is an important cause of acquired pes planus that frequently observed in adults. Factors that play a role in the development of PTTD such as age-related tendon degeneration, inflammatory arthritis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, peritendinous injections and more rarely acute traumatic rupture of the tendon. PTT is the primary dynamic stabilizer of medial arch of the foot. Plantar flexion and inversion of the foot occurs with contraction of tibialis posterior tendon, and arch of the foot becomes elaveted while midtarsal joints are locked and midfoot-hindfoot sets as rigid. Thus, during the walk gastrocnemius muscle works more efficiently. If the PTT does not work in the order, other foot ligaments and joint capsule would be increasingly weak and than pes planus occurs. We present a 10-year-old female patient diagnosed as PTTD and conservative treatment with review of the current literature. PMID:25918629

  11. Stretching the indications: high tibial osteotomy used successfully to treat isolated ankle symptoms.

    PubMed

    Elson, David W; Paweleck, James E; Shields, David W; Dawson, Matthew J; Ferrier, Gail M

    2013-01-01

    High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is successful in treating symptomatic varus arthritis of the knee. We present a case where ankle pain and instability were attributed to varus ankle malalignment. This was found to be secondary to constitutional varus of the proximal tibia but the patient's knee was asymptomatic. The decision to operate on an asymptomatic knee in the hope of improving ankle symptoms took a period of careful consideration, planning and discussion. HTO was performed without immediate complication and the patient reported an excellent outcome with marked improvement in Mazur's foot and ankle score from 18 to 85. In well selected and planned cases, HTO may be considered as an instrument of deformity correction with improvement in symptoms from joints distant to the surgical site. PMID:24022901

  12. Improved accuracy of 3D-printed navigational template during complicated tibial plateau fracture surgery.

    PubMed

    Huang, Huajun; Hsieh, Ming-Fa; Zhang, Guodong; Ouyang, Hanbin; Zeng, Canjun; Yan, Bin; Xu, Jing; Yang, Yang; Wu, Zhanglin; Huang, Wenhua

    2015-03-01

    This study was aimed to improve the surgical accuracy of plating and screwing for complicated tibial plateau fracture assisted by 3D implants library and 3D-printed navigational template. Clinical cases were performed whereby complicated tibial plateau fractures were imaged using computed tomography and reconstructed into 3D fracture prototypes. The preoperative planning of anatomic matching plate with appropriate screw trajectories was performed with the help of the library of 3D models of implants. According to the optimal planning, patient-specific navigational templates produced by 3D printer were used to accurately guide the real surgical implantation. The fixation outcomes in term of the deviations of screw placement between preoperative and postoperative screw trajectories were measured and compared, including the screw lengths, entry point locations and screw directions. With virtual preoperative planning, we have achieved optimal and accurate fixation outcomes in the real clinical surgeries. The deviations of screw length was 1.57 ± 5.77 mm, P > 0.05. The displacements of the entry points in the x-, y-, and z-axis were 0.23 ± 0.62, 0.83 ± 1.91, and 0.46 ± 0.67 mm, respectively, P > 0.05. The deviations of projection angle in the coronal (x-y) and transverse (x-z) planes were 6.34 ± 3.42° and 4.68 ± 3.94°, respectively, P > 0.05. There was no significant difference in the deviations of screw length, entry point and projection angle between the ideal and real screw trajectories. The ideal and accurate preoperative planning of plating and screwing can be achieved in the real surgery assisted by the 3D models library of implants and the patient-specific navigational template. This technology improves the accuracy and efficiency of personalized internal fixation surgery and we have proved this in our clinical applications. PMID:25663390

  13. Radiation-free Insertion of Distal Interlocking Screw in Tibial and Femur Nailing: A Simple Technique

    PubMed Central

    Soni, Ritesh Kumar; Mehta, Surender Mohan; Awasthi, Bhanu; Singh, Janith Lal; Kumar, Amit; Thakur, Lokesh; Tripathy, Sujit Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Background: Distal interlocking screw insertion in intramedullary nailing of long-bone fracture is a challenging task for orthopedic surgeons. It is difficult particularly when the surgeon is in his learning stage or when image intensifier is not available. We describe a radiation-free technique of distal interlocking screw insertion which is easy and practicable. Materials and Methods: In this technique, a same length nail is placed over the skin (outer nail) and through its distal-most screw hole, a 3.2 mm drill bit is inserted to drill the distal locking screw hole of the intramedullary nail (inner nail). With a small skin incision over the distal screw holes, the distal-most screw hole is identified; the bone window overlying the screw hole is widened with an awl and a locking bolt is inserted with a washer under direct visualization. The other distal interlocking screw is simply drilled by matching the other three holes of the outer and inner nails. We have operated 86 patients (39 femoral shaft fracture and 47 tibial shaft fracture) in 1 year where this technique was used. There were 41 open fracture and 45 closed fracture. Results: Within 6 months of follow-up, bony union was achieved in 36 of 39 femur fractures and 45 of 47 tibial fractures. No unwanted complications were observed during the postoperative period and in follow-up. Conclusion: This method of radiation-free distal interlocking screw insertion is simple and can be used in third world country where image intensifier facility is not available. However, surgeons are encouraged to use image intensifier facility where the facility is available. PMID:23066456

  14. Can we achieve bone healing using the diamond concept without bone grafting for recalcitrant tibial nonunions?

    PubMed

    Ollivier, M; Gay, A M; Cerlier, A; Lunebourg, A; Argenson, J N; Parratte, S

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a combination of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 7 (rhBMP-7) and resorbable calcium phosphate bone substitute (rCPBS) as a salvage solution for recalcitrant tibial fracture nonunions. Twenty consecutive patients, 16 male and four female, with a mean age of 46.8±15.7 years (21-78) and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.2±5.3kgm(-2) (21.5-28.5), suffering from 20 recalcitrant tibial fracture nonunions were included. The mean number of operations performed prior to the procedure was 3.3, with homolateral iliac crest bone grafts being used for all of the patients. All patients were treated with a procedure including debridement and decortications of the bone ends, nonunion fixation with a locking plate, and filling of the bony defect with a combined graft of rhBMP-7 (as osteoinductor) with an rCPBS (as scaffold). The mean follow-up was 14±2.7 months. Both clinical and radiological union occurred in 18 cases, within a mean time of 4.7±3.2 months. A recurrence of deep infection was diagnosed for one of the non-consolidated patients. No specific complication of rCPBS or rhBMP-7 was encountered. This study supports the view that the application of rCPBS combined with rhBMP-7, without any bone grafting, is safe and efficient in the treatment of recalcitrant bone union. PMID:25933808

  15. Mobile-bearing lateral unicompartmental knee replacement with the Oxford domed tibial component: an independent series.

    PubMed

    Streit, M R; Walker, T; Bruckner, T; Merle, C; Kretzer, J P; Clarius, M; Aldinger, P R; Gotterbarm, T

    2012-10-01

    The Oxford mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is an effective and safe treatment for osteoarthritis of the medial compartment. The results in the lateral compartment have been disappointing due to a high early rate of dislocation of the bearing. A series using a newly designed domed tibial component is reported. The first 50 consecutive domed lateral Oxford UKRs in 50 patients with a mean follow-up of three years (2.0 to 4.3) were included. Clinical scores were obtained prospectively and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for different endpoints. Radiological variables related to the position and alignment of the components were measured. One patient died and none was lost to follow-up. The cumulative incidence of dislocation was 6.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.0 to 17.9) at three years. Survival using revision for any reason and aseptic revision was 94% (95% CI 82 to 98) and 96% (95% CI 85 to 99) at three years, respectively. Outcome scores, visual analogue scale for pain and maximum knee flexion showed a significant improvement (p < 0.001). The mean Oxford knee score was 43 (SD 5.3), the mean Objective American Knee Society score was 91 (SD 13.9) and the mean Functional American Knee Society score was 90 (SD 17.5). The mean maximum flexion was 127° (90° to 145°). Significant elevation of the lateral joint line as measured by the proximal tibial varus angle (p = 0.04) was evident in the dislocation group when compared with the non-dislocation group. Clinical results are excellent and short-term survival has improved when compared with earlier series. The risk of dislocation remains higher using a mobile-bearing UKR in the lateral compartment when compared with the medial compartment. Patients should be informed about this complication. To avoid dislocations, care must be taken not to elevate the lateral joint line. PMID:23015560

  16. Metrecom Measurement of Navicular Drop in Subjects with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

    PubMed Central

    Allen, Mary K.; Glasoe, Ward M.

    2000-01-01

    Objective: Research suggests that excessive pronation of the foot contributes to the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears by increasing internal tibial rotation. Studies have documented greater navicular drop values in individuals with a history of an ACL tear using methods that may not accurately follow the motion of underlying bone. The purpose of our investigation was to compare the navicular drop of subjects with a history of ACL tears with healthy controls when measured by a Metrecom. Subjects: Eighteen subjects previously diagnosed with a torn ACL were matched by age, sex, and limb to noninjured control subjects. Design and Setting: Static group comparisons of navicular drop in subjects with an injured ACL and subjects having no history of ACL injury. Measurements: A single investigator performed the measure of navicular drop. The position of the navicular tuberosity was digitized while the subject stood barefoot on a flat surface in subtalar joint neutral and in relaxed stance. Intrarater reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient and standard error of the measurement. An independent t test assessed the difference between the amount of navicular drop in the ACL group and the controls. Results: Analysis of repeated measures, intraclass correlation coefficient (2,1), demonstrated intrarater reliability for the measure of navicular drop to be 0.90; the standard error of measurement was 1.19 mm. The independent t test showed a statistically greater amount of navicular drop in the ACL group. Conclusions: Excellent intrarater reliability was demonstrated when using the Metrecom to measure navicular drop. Excessive subtalar joint pronation, measured as navicular drop, was identified as 1 factor that may contribute to ACL injury. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2. PMID:16558652

  17. Relationship between Sex Hormones and Anterior Knee Laxity across the Menstrual Cycle

    PubMed Central

    SHULTZ, SANDRA J.; KIRK, SUSAN E.; JOHNSON, MICHAEL L.; SANDER, TODD C.; PERRIN, DAVID H.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose To comprehensively quantify through daily, serial measures changes in knee laxity as a function of changing sex-hormone levels across one complete menstrual cycle. Methods Twenty-five females, 18–30 yr, body mass index ? 30, who reported normal menstrual cycles (28–32 d) over the past 6 months participated. Participants were tested daily across one complete menstrual cycle; 5–7 cc of venous blood were withdrawn to assay serum levels of estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone. Knee laxity was measured as the amount of anterior tibial displacement at 133 N, using a standard knee arthrometer. To evaluate the relationship of knee laxity to changes in sex hormone concentrations, a multiple linear regression model with the possibility of a time delay was performed on each individual subject and the group as a whole. Results Individual regression equations revealed an average of 63% of the variance in knee laxity was explained by the three hormones and their interactions. All three hormones significantly contributed to the prediction equation, and the amount of variance explained was substantially greater when a time delay was considered. On average, knee laxity changed approximately 3, 4, and 4.5 d after changes in estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone, respectively. When females were analyzed as a group, only 8% of the variance in knee laxity was explained by sex-hormones levels. Conclusion Changes in sex hormones mediate changes in knee laxity across the menstrual cycle. However, the strength of this relationship, the relative contribution of each hormone, and the associated time delay are highly variable between women. This individual variability is consistent with the variability in menstrual cycle characteristics among women. PMID:15235320

  18. Revision of anterior cervical pseudoarthrosis with anterior allograft fusion and plating.

    PubMed

    Coric, D; Branch, C L; Jenkins, J D

    1997-06-01

    Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is an efficacious procedure used to treat a variety of cervical spinal disorders, including spondylosis, myelopathy, herniated discs, trauma, and degenerative disc disease. Pseudarthrosis, or failure of fusion, may be the most common complication of spinal fusion procedures. Nineteen consecutive patients with symptomatic pseudarthrosis following failed anterior cervical fusions were treated with anterior cervical revision using iliac crest allografts and either the Cervical Spine Locking Plate system (10 patients) or the Trapezial Osteosynthetic Plate system (nine patients). The mean age of the nine men and 10 women undergoing treatment was 49.1 years (range 25-72 years). Eleven patients (57.9%) exhibited pseudarthrosis at one level, six (31.5%) at two levels, and two (10.5%) at three levels. The indications for revision were intractable neck pain with radiculopathy (17 patients) or myelopathy (two patients), with evidence of pseudarthrosis on plain cervical radiography as well as computerized tomography (CT) or single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scanning, or both. All eight patients evaluated with SPECT showed increased focal uptake consistent with pseudarthrosis, which was subsequently confirmed intraoperatively in all eight. The average follow-up period was 22.4 months (range 12-42 months). Solid osseous fusion was achieved over all 28 levels in all 18 patients available for follow-up review (100%). One patient died 4 months postoperatively from myocardial infarction related to preexisting coronary artery disease. There were no intraoperative complications; postoperatively, two patients (10.5%) experienced transient hoarseness. Anterior revision of failed cervical fusions using allograft interbody fusion material and anterior plating is a safe and efficacious procedure. In this series, the use of allografts avoided donor site morbidity without adversely affecting fusion rates. Rigid internal fixation was achieved by means of anterior plating without increasing surgical morbidity rates. The SPECT imaging technique has the potential to reliably confirm the diagnosis of pseudarthrosis. PMID:9171175

  19. Concomitant surgical correction of severe stress urinary incontinence and anterior vaginal wall prolapse by anterior vaginal wall wrap: 18 months outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Zargham, Mahtab; Alizadeh, Farshid; Tadayyon, Farhad; Khorrami, Mohammad-Hatef; Nouri-Mahdavi, Kia; Gharaati, Mohammad Reza; Izadpanahi, Mohammad Hossein; Yazdani, Mohammad; Mazdak, Hamid

    2013-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of an innovative, minimally invasive sling technique with autologous tissue in women with concomitant incontinence and anterior vaginal wall prolapse (AVWP). Materials and Methods: Fifty-six women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or mixed urinary incontinence and AVWP were randomly assigned into two groups: In Group A (26 patients), anterior colporrhaphy (Kelly placation) and sling placement using a strip of anterior vaginal wall were performed, and in Group B (30 patients), transvaginal mesh correction of AVWP and tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) insertion (retropubic – craniocaudal route) using polypropylene mesh were carried out. The patients were followed-up for over 18 months and were assessed objectively using a 48 h frequency-volume chart, a 48 h pad test and a standardized stress test. Related surgical complications and outcomes were recorded and compared. Results: Surgical cure rates for Group A and Group B at the first (3 days) and last (18 months) post-operative visits were 62% and 84%; and 54%, and 72%, respectively (P = 0.09 and 0.31). Complications occurred in 9 patients (44%) of Group B, but only 3 patients (12%) in Group A. Conclusion: Vaginal sling surgery using an anterior vaginal wall strip can improve SUI and in comparison with propylene mesh is associated with lower complication rates. Although, the surgical success rate of this technique is lower than T-Sling, larger studies with selected patients will help assess the suitable patients for this pelvic reconstructive surgery. PMID:24516492

  20. Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee associated with ipsilateral tibial plateau stress fracture: report of two patients and review of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald M. Sokoloff; Shella Farooki; Donald Resnick

    2001-01-01

    Two cases are presented of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) associated with stress fractures of the tibial plateau.\\u000a This association lends further credence to the postulate that SONK has a traumatic etiology.

  1. Simultaneous Bilateral Anterior Approach Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Gondusky, Joseph S; Pinkos, Kevin A; Choi, Leera; Patel, Jay J; Barnett, Steven; Gorab, Robert S

    2015-07-01

    Simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been performed successfully, with good outcomes and low complication rates reported. Most published studies on the topic used anterolateral or posterior surgical approaches. The anterior approach is performed under live fluoroscopy with the patient supine, obviating the need for patient repositioning during bilateral surgery. The authors report their experience with simultaneous bilateral anterior approach total hip arthroplasty. The authors retrospectively reviewed data for 75 patients (150 hips). Mean follow-up was 26 months (range, 5-60 months). Mean patient age was 59 years and the majority were American Society of Anesthesiology class 2 (range, 1-3). Mean total surgical time was 144 minutes (72 minutes per hip). Mean blood loss was 565 mL. Mean hospital length of stay was 2.75 days (range, 1-4 days). Ninety-six percent of patients were able to ambulate on postoperative day 1. Sixty-eight percent of patients were discharged to home. Mean Harris Hip Score improved from 50 to 97. All patients noted a return to preoperative level of activity or higher. Complications included 1 atraumatic minimally displaced trochanteric fracture occurring 2 weeks postoperatively, 1 pulmonary embolism on postoperative day 3 treated without sequelae, 1 episode of postoperative atrial fibrillation, and 4 minor local wound complications. No readmission, infection, nerve palsy, dislocation, reoperation, or death occurred. Anterior approach THA has the advantage of a single supine position for bilateral simultaneous surgery and the current study supports its use in appropriate patients. [Orthopedics. 2015; 38(7):e611-e615.]. PMID:26186324

  2. Voluntary Modulation of Anterior Cingulate Response to Negative Feedback

    PubMed Central

    Shane, Matthew S.; Weywadt, Christina R.

    2014-01-01

    Anterior cingulate and medial frontal cortex (dACC/mFC) response to negative feedback represents the actions of a generalized error-monitoring system critical for the management of goal-directed behavior. Magnitude of dACC/mFC response to negative feedback correlates with levels of post-feedback behavioral change, and with proficiency of operant learning processes. With this in mind, it follows that an ability to alter dACC/mFC response to negative feedback may lead to representative changes in operant learning proficiency. To this end, the present study investigated the extent to which healthy individuals would show modulation of their dACC/mFC response when instructed to try to either maximize or minimize their neural response to the presentation of contingent negative feedback. Participants performed multiple runs of a standard time-estimation task, during which they received feedback regarding their ability to accurately estimate a one-second duration. On Watch runs, participants were simply instructed to try to estimate as closely as possible the one second duration. On Increase and Decrease runs, participants performed the same task, but were instructed to “try to increase [decrease] their brain's response every time they received negative feedback”. Results indicated that participants showed changes in dACC/mFC response under these differing instructional conditions: dACC/mFC activity following negative feedback was higher in the Increase condition, and dACC activity trended lower in the Decrease condition, compared to the Watch condition. Moreover, dACC activity correlated with post-feedback performance adjustments, and these adjustments were highest in the Increase condition. Potential implications for neuromodulation and facilitated learning are discussed. PMID:25376010

  3. Tibial coverage, meniscus position, size and damage in knees discordant for joint space narrowing – data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative

    PubMed Central

    Bloecker, K.; Guermazi, A.; Wirth, W.; Benichou, O.; Kwoh, C.K.; Hunter, D.J.; Englund, M.; Resch, H.; Eckstein, F.

    2013-01-01

    SUMMARY Introduction Meniscal extrusion is thought to be associated with less meniscus coverage of the tibial surface, but the association of radiographic disease stage with quantitative measures of tibial plateau coverage is unknown. We therefore compared quantitative and semi-quantitative measures of meniscus position and morphology in individuals with bilateral painful knees discordant on medial joint space narrowing (mJSN). Methods A sample of 60 participants from the first half (2,678 cases) of the Osteoarthritis Initiative cohort fulfilled the inclusion criteria: bilateral frequent pain, Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) mJSN grades 1–3 in one, no-JSN in the contra-lateral (CL), and no lateral JSN in either knee (43 unilateral mJSN1; 17 mJSN2/3; 22 men, 38 women, body mass index (BMI) 31.3 ± 3.9 kg/m2). Segmentation and three-dimensional quantitative analysis of the tibial plateau and meniscus, and semi-quantitative evaluation of meniscus damage (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) osteoarthritis knee score – MOAKS) was performed using coronal 3T MR images (MPR DESSwe and intermediate-weighted turbo spin echo (IW-TSE) images). CL knees were compared using paired t-tests (between-knee, within-person design). Results Medial tibial plateau coverage was 36 ± 9% in mJSN1 vs 45 ± 8% in CL no-JSN knees, and was 31 ± 9% in mJSN2/3 vs 46 ± 6% in no-JSN knees (both P < 0.001). mJSN knees showed greater meniscus extrusion and damage (MOAKS), but no significant difference in meniscus volume. No significant differences in lateral tibial coverage, lateral meniscus morphology or position were observed. Conclusions Knees with medial JSN showed substantially less medial tibial plateau coverage by the meniscus. We suggest that the less meniscal coverage, i.e., less mechanical protection may be a reason for greater rates of cartilage loss observed in JSN knees. PMID:23220556

  4. Absent median nerve P14 far-field somatosensory evoked potential with persistent tibial nerve P30 component in a patient with ischemic pontine lesion.

    PubMed

    Insola, A; Padua, L; Valeriani, M

    2011-05-01

    In a patient with an ischemic lesion of the right paramedian region of the pons, somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) recording to median nerve stimulation showed an absent P14 response with still preserved P13 and N18 potentials. The tibial nerve P30 and N33 SEP components were normal. Our results suggest that the median nerve P14 potential, absent in our patient, has a different origin from the tibial nerve P30 response, normal in the present case. PMID:21624710

  5. [Infection after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: grave error in treatment?].

    PubMed

    Regauer, M; Neu, J

    2012-09-01

    A 28-year-old patient showed clear signs of knee joint infection 8 days after arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. The treating physicians recommended further observation although they stated that a knee joint infection could not be reliably excluded. One week later arthroscopic revision was performed and intraoperative smear tests showed infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Therefore, another 6 days later the obviously infected transplant had to be removed. In the long run painful and limited range of motion of the affected knee joint persisted. The patient complained about medical malpractice concerning management of the complication. The expert opinion stated that due to the fateful course of infection the tendon graft could not be retrieved after the eighth day post surgery anyway. Thus, only flawed delay of treatment was criticized. The arbitration board argued, however, that scientific data concerning the fate of infected tendon grafts do not support the expert opinion and that immediate arthroscopy and antibiotic treatment at least had the potential to influence the course of infection in a positive manner. Evidence clearly shows that survival of an infected tendon graft depends on early diagnosis and emergency treatment rather than just on fate. Due to the fact that, although having in mind the possibility of a knee joint infection, the necessary therapy was delayed for 8 days, the arbitration board considered the described medical malpractice a severe treatment error, leading to reversal of evidence in favour of the patient. PMID:22706649

  6. Interdisciplinary Management of Deep Vein Thrombosis During Rehabilitation of Acute Rupture of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Reckelhoff, Kenneth E.; Miller, Anthony

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient who experienced deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during pre-operative rehabilitation of an acute rupture of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction graft, to increase awareness of DVT occurring in a healthy individual after periodic immobilization, and to describe the interdisciplinary management for this patient. Clinical features A 30-year-old male was referred to a chiropractic clinic for presurgical treatment of a left ACL rupture and medial meniscus tear confirmed at magnetic resonance imaging. During the course of preoperative rehabilitation, the patient became limited in ambulation and presented for a routine rehabilitation visit. During this visit, he experienced increased leg swelling, pain and tenderness. The patient was assessed for DVT and was referred to the local emergency department for further evaluation where multiple DVTs were found in the left popliteal, posterior tibial, and peroneal veins. Intervention/outcome The patient was treated with a 17-week course of warfarin during which time the clinical signs and symptoms of DVT resolved. Meanwhile, the patient completed the rehabilitation treatment plan in preparation for ACL reconstruction without further complications. Conclusions This case raises awareness that DVT may occur in a healthy individual after periodic immobilization. While there may be controversy regarding the appropriate application of pharmaceutical anticoagulants in patients with DVT of the leg, the most risk averse strategy is for a short duration prescription medication with compression stockings. Through interdisciplinary management, the patient experienced a successful outcome. PMID:25685121

  7. Dynamic knee stability estimated by finite helical axis methods during functional performance approximately twenty years after anterior cruciate ligament injury.

    PubMed

    Helena, Grip; Eva, Tengman; Charlotte, K Häger

    2015-07-16

    Finite helical axis (FHA) measures of the knee joint during weight-bearing tasks may capture dynamic knee stability following Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury. The aim was to investigate dynamic knee stability during two-leg squat (TLS) and one-leg side hop (SH) in a long-term follow-up of ACL injury, and to examine correlations with knee laxity (KT-1000), osteoarthritis (OA, Kellgren-Lawrence) and knee function (Lysholm score). Participants were injured 17-28 years ago and then treated with surgery (n=33, ACLR) or physiotherapy only (n=37, ACLPT) and healthy-knee controls (n=33) were tested. Movements were registered with an optical motion capture system. We computed three FHA inclination angles, its' Anterior-Posterior (A-P) position, and an index quantifying directional changes (DI), during stepwise knee flexion intervals of ?15°. Injured knees were less stable compared to healthy controls' and to contralateral non-injured knees, regardless of treatment: the A-P intersection was more anterior (indicating a more anterior positioning of tibia relative to femur) positively correlating with high laxity/low knee function, and during SH, the FHA was more inclined relative to the flexion-extension axis, possibly due to reduced rotational stability. During the TLS, A-P intersection was more anterior in the non-injured knee than the injured, and DI was higher, probably related to higher load on the non-injured knee. ACLR had less anterior A-P intersection than ACLPT, suggesting that surgery enhanced stability, although rotational stability may remain reduced. More anterior A-P intersection and greater inclination between the FHA and the knee flexion-extension axis best revealed reduced dynamic stability ?23 years post-injury. PMID:25935685

  8. Anterior Transpetrosal Approach to the Prepontine Epidermoids

    PubMed Central

    Shimamoto, Yoshinori; Kawase, Takeshi; Sasaki, Hikaru; Shiobara, Ryuzou; Yamada, Fumito

    1999-01-01

    We have operated on nine patients with a prepontine epidermoid extending to the bilateral cistern or the unilateral middle fossa using the anterior transpetrosal approach since 1986. The preoperative symptoms were unilateral trigeminal neuralgia, hearing disturbance, gait disturbance, double vision, facial hypesthesia, hemifacial spasm, and dysphagia. The most common neurological sign was unilateral trigeminal nerve disturbance. In two patients with useful hearing preoperatively lost, the labyrinth and mastoid air cells as well as the petrous apex were resected to extend the surgical field. Tumors were totally removed, except for capsules that were tightly adhered to the brain stem, cranial nerve, and vessels. The trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and dysphagia disappeared, but double vision improved only one out of three cases, and facial hypesthesia was unchanged in all cases. There were no postoperative deaths. New abducens palsy appeared in four cases and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage appeared in three cases postoperatively, but later these symptoms disappeared. In one case, postoperative chemical meningitis developed, and a ventricular shunt was required later to treat hydrocephalus. Postoperative follow-up, an average of 5,7 years, did not show any increases in any of the tumors. Based on our experience, we conclude that the anterior transpetrosal approach is more useful than the retromastoid suboccipital approach to resect the epidermoid located mainly in the prepontine cistern. ImagesFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6 PMID:17171121

  9. [Treatment of unreduced anterior shoulder dislocation].

    PubMed

    Noack, W; Strohmeier, M

    1988-08-01

    We evaluated the results of treatment in six patients with unreduced chronic anterior dislocations of the shoulder. In three patients the dislocations had not been recognized by the initial treating physician. In the remaining three patients the dislocations initially had been diagnosed but reduction had failed and the dislocations had remained unreduced. In one of the six shoulders the dislocation was left unreduced. The dislocation existed for 3.5 years and there was absence of disabling functional impairment, pain or neurovascular disturbance. In five of six shoulders the function was severely impaired. One of five shoulders with an anterior dislocation of three weeks duration could be reduced by closed manipulation. Four shoulders underwent open reduction. In all patients the humeral head could be preserved. Associated osseous lesions of the glenoid or the humeral head (Hill-Sachs lesions, fractures) were treated by rotation osteotomies according to Weber and the Eden-Lange-Hybinette procedure. Preoperatively all shoulders were graded as poor. Postoperatively the results in one was graded as excellent, in three as good and in one (algodystrophy of the left arm) as fair. PMID:3176187

  10. Geometry of anterior open bite correction.

    PubMed

    Abramson, Zachary R; Susarla, Srinivas M; Lawler, Matthew E; Choudhri, Asim F; Peacock, Zachary S

    2015-05-01

    Correction of anterior open bite is a frequently encountered and challenging problem for the craniomaxillofacial surgeon and orthodontist. Accurate clinical evaluation, including cephalometric assessment, is paramount for establishing the diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. The purposes of this technical note were to discuss the basic geometric principles involved in the surgical correction of skeletal anterior open bites and to offer a simple mathematical model for predicting the amount of posterior maxillary impaction with concomitant mandibular rotation required to establish an adequate overbite. Using standard geometric principles, a mathematical model was created to demonstrate the relationship between the magnitude of the open bite and the magnitude of the rotational movements required for correction. This model was then validated using a clinical case. In summary, the amount of open bite closure for a given amount of posterior maxillary impaction depends on anatomic variables, which can be obtained from a lateral cephalogram. The clinical implication of this relationship is as follows: patients with small mandibles and steep mandibular occlusal planes will require greater amounts of posterior impaction. PMID:25950521

  11. Approach-avoidance activation without anterior asymmetry

    PubMed Central

    Uusberg, Andero; Uibo, Helen; Tiimus, Riti; Sarapuu, Helena; Kreegipuu, Kairi; Allik, Jüri

    2014-01-01

    Occasionally, the expected effects of approach-avoidance motivation on anterior EEG alpha asymmetry fail to emerge, particularly in studies using affective picture stimuli. These null findings have been explained by insufficient motivational intensity of, and/or overshadowing interindividual variability within the responses to emotional pictures. These explanations were systematically tested using data from 70 students watching 5 types of affective pictures ranging from very pleasant to unpleasant. The stimulus categories reliably modulated self-reports as well as the amplitude of late positive potential, an ERP component reflecting orienting toward motivationally significant stimuli. The stimuli did not, however, induce expected asymmetry effects either for the sample or individual participants. Even while systematic stimulus-dependent individual differences emerged in self-reports as well as LPP amplitudes, the asymmetry variability was dominated by stimulus-independent interindividual variability. Taken together with previous findings, these results suggest that under some circumstances anterior asymmetry may not be an inevitable consequence of core affect. Instead, state asymmetry shifts may be overpowered by stable trait asymmetry differences and/or stimulus-independent yet situation-dependent interindividual variability, possibly caused by processes such as emotion regulation or anxious apprehension. PMID:24653710

  12. Antioxidant Delivery Pathways in the Anterior Eye

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Tissues in the anterior segment of the eye are particular vulnerable to oxidative stress. To minimise oxidative stress, ocular tissues utilise a range of antioxidant defence systems which include nonenzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants in combination with repair and chaperone systems. However, as we age our antioxidant defence systems are overwhelmed resulting in increased oxidative stress and damage to tissues of the eye and the onset of various ocular pathologies such as corneal opacities, lens cataracts, and glaucoma. While it is well established that nonenzymatic antioxidants such as ascorbic acid and glutathione are important in protecting ocular tissues from oxidative stress, less is known about the delivery mechanisms used to accumulate these endogenous antioxidants in the different tissues of the eye. This review aims to summarise what is currently known about the antioxidant transport pathways in the anterior eye and how a deeper understanding of these transport systems with respect to ocular physiology could be used to increase antioxidant levels and delay the onset of eye diseases. PMID:24187660

  13. Thyroid hormones regulate the formation of inositol phosphate in response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in rat anterior pituitaries.

    PubMed

    Iriuchijima, T; Michimata, T; Miyashita, K; Ogiwara, T; Yamada, M; Murakami, M; Mori, M

    1992-01-01

    The effects of thyroid hormones on TSH secretion and inositol phospholipid hydrolysis in response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in rat anterior pituitaries were examined. Experimental hypothyroidism caused a significant increase in [3H]inositol phosphate ([3H]IP) formation in response to TRH in rat anterior pituitaries with a concomitant elevation of blood TSH. In contrast, administration of thyroxine (T4) to hypothyroid rats resulted in a complete restoration of blood TSH and TRH-stimulated [3H]IP formation to the euthyroid control value. Furthermore, in vitro pre-treatment of anterior pituitaries with triiodothyronine (T3) produced a dose-dependent decrease in both TSH secretion and the formation of [3H]IP in response to TRH. These results indicate that thyroid hormones regulate TRH receptor-linked inositol phospholipid hydrolysis in the rat anterior pituitary, suggesting that negative feedback action of thyroid hormone occurs at post receptor event in the rat anterior pituitary, which may, to a certain extent, be responsible for the underlying mechanism of T3 inhibition of TSH secretion. PMID:1738433

  14. Meta-Analysis Comparing Zero-Profile Spacer and Anterior Plate in Anterior Cervical Fusion

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Teng; Liang, Baobao; Xu, Junkui; Zhou, Jun; Lv, Hongjun; Qin, Jie; Cai, Xuan; Huang, Sihua; Li, Haopeng; Wang, Dong; He, Xijing

    2015-01-01

    Background Anterior plate fusion is an effective procedure for the treatment of cervical spinal diseases but is accompanied by a high incidence of postoperative dysphagia. A zero profile (Zero-P) spacer is increasingly being used to reduce postoperative dysphagia and other potential complications associated with surgical intervention. Studies comparing the Zero-P spacer and anterior plate have reported conflicting results. Methodology A meta-analysis was conducted to compare the safety, efficacy, radiological outcomes and complications associated with the use of a Zero-P spacer versus an anterior plate in anterior cervical spine fusion for the treatment of cervical spinal disease. We comprehensively searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and other databases and performed a meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective or retrospective comparative studies assessing the two techniques. Results Ten studies enrolling 719 cervical spondylosis patients were included. The pooled data showed significant differences in the operation time [SMD = –0.58 (95% CI = ?0.77 to 0.40, p < 0.01)] and blood loss [SMD = ?0.40, 95% CI (?0.59 to –0.21), p < 0.01] between the two groups. Compared to the anterior plate group, the Zero-P group exhibited a significantly improved JOA score and reduced NDI and VAS. However, anterior plate fusion had greater postoperative segmental and cervical Cobb’s angles than the Zero-P group at the last follow-up. The fusion rate in the two groups was similar. More importantly, the Zero-P group had a lower incidence of earlier and later postoperative dysphagia. Conclusions Compared to anterior plate fusion, Zero-P is a safer and effective procedure, with a similar fusion rate and lower incidence of earlier and later postoperative dysphagia. However, the results of this meta-analysis should be accepted with caution due to the limitations of the study. Further evaluation and large-sample RCTs are required to confirm and update the results of this study. PMID:26067917

  15. Revision of a tibial baseplate using a customized oxinium component in a case of suspected metal allergy. A case report.

    PubMed

    Van Opstal, Nick; Verheyden, Frank

    2011-10-01

    Materials currently used for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are well known for their good biocompatibility, but corrosion of the implant and metal ion release may elicit an immune response in the periprosthetic tissue. Its role in the outcome of the implant remains a subject of discussion. Metal sensitivity after joint replacement is frequent, but few patients exhibit symptoms. Nickel, cobalt and chromium are the most common sensitizers, but allergic reactions to titanium and vanadium have also been described. We present a case of a 46-year old woman with persistent dermatitis following TKA revision with an oxidized zirconium (oxinium) femoral component and Ti6Al4V tibial baseplate. After revision with a customized oxinium tibial component, symptoms resolved completely. PMID:22187849

  16. Use of Cemented Spacer with a Handmade Stem to Treat Acute Periprosthetic Tibial Fracture Infection: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Font-Vizcarra, LluÍs; Izquierdo, Oscar; GarcÍa-NuÑo, Laura; GonzÁlez, Araceli; Diaz-Brito, VicenÇ; Castellanos, Juan

    2014-01-01

    We report an 85-year-old woman with dementia and dependent for normal life activities who was admitted due to a left periprosthetic tibial fracture. The tibial component was replaced by one with a long stem and she was discharged. Four weeks after the intervention the patient was re-admitted due to an acute prosthetic joint infection. All the components were removed and a bone-cement spacer with a handmade stem with a metal core was implanted. Radiological signs of fracture consolidation were observed after 3 months of follow-up. Due to the previous health status of the patient, it was decided to keep the spacer as a definitive treatment. After 24 months, the patient was able to sit without pain and to stand up with help using a knee brace. There were no radiological or clinical signs of infection. PMID:24551027

  17. Review of 31 cases of anterior thoracolumbar fixation with the anterior thoracolumbar locking plate system.

    PubMed

    Wilson, J A; Bowen, S; Branch, C L; Meredith, J W

    1999-07-15

    Anterior fixation devices for the thoracolumbar spine have gained wide acceptance as viable alternatives to long-segment posterior fixation in cases of thoracolumbar spine trauma. This review was undertaken to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Synthes anterior thoracolumbar locking plate (ATLP) system. Over a 3-year period, 31 patients with unstable traumatic fractures of the thoracolumbar spine underwent corpectomy, placement of a structural bone graft, and anterior fixation in which the Synthes ATLP system was used. Long-term follow-up data were obtained in 29 patients. Two patients were lost to follow up, one at 4 months and the other at 1 year. In the remaining patients, the average length of follow up was 20 months. In all patients radiographic evidence of solid bone fusion was demonstrated on follow-up plain x-ray films, and there were no signs or symptoms of pseudarthrosis. No patient suffered neurological deterioration as a result of surgery, and there was relatively little morbidity associated with this plating system. To date, none of the patients in this study has developed any delayed complications related to the fixation device. In one patient, who had sustained a severe flexion injury, loosening of the anterior fixation device occurred, and the patient developed progressive kyphosis, which required a posterior stabilization procedure. These results appear slightly better than those obtained in published studies in which other anterior plating systems were used, indicating that this system is safe and effective in the treatment of unstable fractures of the thoracolumbar spine. PMID:16918232

  18. A quasi-dynamic nonlinear finite element model to investigate prosthetic interface stresses during walking for trans-tibial amputees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaohong Jia; Ming Zhang; Xiaobing Li; Winson C. C. Lee

    2005-01-01

    Background. To predict the interface pressure between residual limb and prosthetic socket for trans-tibial amputees during walking.Methods. A quasi-dynamic finite element model was built based on the actual geometry of residual limb, internal bones and socket liner. To simulate the friction\\/slip boundary conditions between the skin and liner, automated surface-to-surface contact was used. Besides variable external loads and material inertia,

  19. Clinical investigation of the pressure and shear stress on the trans-tibial stump with a prosthesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M Zhang; A. R Turner-Smith; A Tanner; V. C Roberts

    1998-01-01

    A system for measuring pressures and bi-axial shear stresses at the body support interfaces has been developed. This system has been used, in five unilateral trans-tibial amputees, to investigate the stresses at multiple points on the residual limb and prosthetic socket interface during standing and walking. The subjects investigated regularly used a patellar-tendon-bearing socket. The maximum peak pressure at the

  20. Effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) on late-phase osteotomy gap healing in a canine tibial model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nozomu Inoue; Isao Ohnishi; Dongan Chen; Luke W. Deitz; Jeffrey D. Schwardt; Edmund Y. S. Chao

    2002-01-01

    The effects of a pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on late bone healing phases using an osteotomy gap model in the canine mid-tibia were investigated. A transverse mid-diaphyseal tibial osteotomy with a 2-mm gap was performed unilaterally in 12 adult mixed-breed dogs and stabilized with external fixation. Animals in the variable group (n=6) were treated with PEMF for 1 h daily

  1. Surgical Repair of an Atraumatic Avulsion of Patellar Tendon at the Tibial Tuberosity in an Adult Patient

    PubMed Central

    Di Giacomo, Lorenzo Maria; Khan, M. Shahid; Bisaccia, Michele; Rende, R.; Rinonapoli, G.; Caraffa, A.

    2015-01-01

    Atraumatic avulsion of the tibial attachment of patellar tendon in adults is a very rare injury with only few published case reports. Here we are sharing the successful management and follow-up of a similar case with a different suture material for repair of the tendon, the FiberWire. We believe that the management we are discussing allows for early return to activity with good functional outcome. PMID:26185696

  2. Effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Acorus calamus on tibial and sural nerve transection-induced painful neuropathy in rats

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arunachalam Muthuraman; Nirmal Singh; Amteshwar S. Jaggi

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the therapeutic potential of hydroalcoholic extracts of Acorus calamus (AC) in tibial and sural nerve transection (TST)-induced neuropathic pain in rats. The hot plate, paw heat allodynia, acetone\\u000a drop, and pinprick tests were performed to assess the degree of heat hyperalgesia, heat and cold allodynia, and mechanical\\u000a hyperalgesia, respectively, at different time intervals, i.e.,

  3. Hamstring tendon fixation using interference screws: a biomechanical study in calf tibial bone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Weiler; RF Hoffmann; AC Stähelin; HJ Bail; CJ Siepe; NP Südkamp

    1998-01-01

    It has recently been shown that graft fixation close to the ACL insertion site is optimal in order to increase anterior knee stability. Hamstring tendon fixation using interference screws offers this possibility and a round threaded titanium interference screw has been previously developed. The use of a round threaded biodegradable interference screw may be equivalent. In addition, to increase initial

  4. Radiological study of the knee joint line position measured from the fibular head and proximal tibial landmarks.

    PubMed

    Havet, Eric; Gabrion, Antoine; Leiber-Wackenheim, Frederic; Vernois, Joël; Olory, Bruno; Mertl, Patrice

    2007-06-01

    Restoring the joint line level is one of the surgical challenges during revision of total knee arthroplasty. The position of the tibial surface is commonly estimated by its distance to the apex of fibular head, but no study evaluating this distance accurately has been published yet. The purpose of this work was to study the distance between the knee joint line and the apex of the fibular head and the proximal tibia, particularly the tibial tuberosity. Variability with clinical data and relations with other local measurements have been evaluated on knee radiographs (an antero-posterior view, a medio-lateral view and an anteroposterior full length view) of 100 subjects (125 knees). Results showed no correlation between the joint line-fibular head apex distance and any clinical data of the patients, or any other performed measurements. Relations between tibial measurements and the sexe or the height of the subjects were noted. Besides, the review of the 25 bilateral cases did not show statistically significant side difference but the descriptive analysis showed too large discrepancies for the joint line-fibular head apex distance to be used as a landmark. We conclude that the fibular head apex cannot be used as a morphologic landmark to determine the knee joint line position. Its interest in clinical and surgical practice must be discussed. PMID:17440678

  5. Retrospective risk factor assessment for complication following tibial tuberosity transposition in 137 canine stifles with medial patellar luxation.

    PubMed

    Stanke, Natasha J; Stephenson, Nicole; Hayashi, Kei

    2014-04-01

    This study identified risk factors for complication following tibial tuberosity transposition by retrospective examination of cases that used various surgical techniques. Records and radiographs of 113 dogs with 137 stifles undergoing tibial tuberosity transposition for medial patellar luxation were reviewed. Patient-specific factors, surgical factors, and complication information were recorded. Owners were contacted as necessary to attain a minimum of 30 days follow-up. Of 137 stifles, 59 (43%) had complications, with 24 (18%) identified as major complications. Factors significantly associated with reduced risk of complication included increased age [odds ratio (OR) 0.8] and concurrent cranial cruciate ligament rupture (OR 0.3). Factors significantly associated with increased risk of complication included large breed compared to toy breed (OR 5.5), increased weight (OR 1.3), and use of a screw for tibial tuberosity fixation (OR infinity). While significant, these associations do not imply causality and prospective study is necessary to determine the ideal fixation method for individual patients. PMID:24688134

  6. Retrospective risk factor assessment for complication following tibial tuberosity transposition in 137 canine stifles with medial patellar luxation

    PubMed Central

    Stanke, Natasha J.; Stephenson, Nicole; Hayashi, Kei

    2014-01-01

    This study identified risk factors for complication following tibial tuberosity transposition by retrospective examination of cases that used various surgical techniques. Records and radiographs of 113 dogs with 137 stifles undergoing tibial tuberosity transposition for medial patellar luxation were reviewed. Patient-specific factors, surgical factors, and complication information were recorded. Owners were contacted as necessary to attain a minimum of 30 days follow-up. Of 137 stifles, 59 (43%) had complications, with 24 (18%) identified as major complications. Factors significantly associated with reduced risk of complication included increased age [odds ratio (OR) 0.8] and concurrent cranial cruciate ligament rupture (OR 0.3). Factors significantly associated with increased risk of complication included large breed compared to toy breed (OR 5.5), increased weight (OR 1.3), and use of a screw for tibial tuberosity fixation (OR infinity). While significant, these associations do not imply causality and prospective study is necessary to determine the ideal fixation method for individual patients. PMID:24688134

  7. Save or sacrifice the internal mammary pedicle during anterior mediastinotomy?

    PubMed Central

    Apostolakis, Efstratios; Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos A.; Chlapoutakis, Serafeim; Prokakis, Christos

    2014-01-01

    Ligation and dissection of internal mammary vessels is the most under-estimated complication of anterior mediastinotomy. However, patients requiring anterior mediastinotomy may experience long survival that makes the development of ischemic heart disease throughout their life possible. Therefore, the un-judicial sacrifice of the internal mammary pedicle may deprive them from the benefit to have their internal mammary artery used as a graft in order to successfully bypass severe left anterior descending artery stenoses. We recommend the preservation of the internal mammary pedicle during anterior mediastinotomy, which should be a common message among our colleagues from the beginning of their training. PMID:24987471

  8. [Clinical and experimental assessment of the current treatment of tibial shaft fractures].

    PubMed

    Wiegand, Norbert

    2010-04-11

    Tibial shaft fractures present 15% of all fractures, which means about 2500 cases per year in Hungary. 90% of these fractures are treated surgically. Nowadays, the incidence of tibia fractures is increased, the severity of the fractures is intensified and in spite of new surgical techniques the rate of complications is not dramatically decreased. The treatment of the open tibia fractures has basically changed since the introduction of unreamed intramedullar nails. The unreamed nails turned into the primary method in the treatment of the Grade II and III open fractures and became sufficient for the fixation of the proximal and distal third tibia fractures. In Hungary, we used the Marchetti-Vicenzi nail for the treatment of tibia fractures in first time, with this method the tibial shaft and distal part fractures can be treated safely with low rate of complication. In year 1997 we prepared the treatment concept of the combination of the dynamic brace and the undreamed intramedullar nail. We proved that by the application of this method the advantages of the two treatment form could be attached and the healing period and the rehabilitation of the injured could be shortened. During the clinical exploration of the complications we proved that different pressure levels developed in the muscular compartment around the tibia during the usage of two different surgical techniques, the reamed and unreamed nailing. In the deep compartment we measured statistically higher pressure in the cases of unreamed nailing. In contrast to the literature we can draw the conclusion that there is no relationship between the compartmental pressure changes, the chance of the development of compartment syndrome and the insertion technique of the intramedullar nails. In pursuance of the basic research of the complications we investigated the muscle samples from compartment syndrome and from Volkmann ischemic contracture with differential scanning calorimetry. We proved that there is a difference between thermal features of the intact and ischemic muscles. We demonstrated that there is a close correlation between the compartmental pressure, the structural damage of muscle tissues and thermo-chemic values measured by calorimetry. Due to their sensitivity and specificity, calorimetric examinations can help and support the clinical diagnosis in atypical cases. PMID:20348061

  9. Neuromuscular function after reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament--a case study using evoked electromyography.

    PubMed

    Daikuya, S; Suzuki, T; Yabe, K

    2008-01-01

    To clarify the neuro-muscular function of a lower extremity after reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), we studied the alteration of H reflex and Silent period (SP) from the soleus muscle in a patient with ACL reconstruction. Subject was an eighteen year-old male and high school basketball player after a reconstruction of right ACL. Recording of H reflex and SP was started at one month after operation, and ended at six months post operation with a test at every month. As a result of this study, the amplitude ratio of H/M(max) was increased at post four months after ACL reconstruction on operative side. Little variation of SP was acquired in non-operative side. However, that in operative side was increased compared with non-operative side and gradually decreased until post six months. Post six months, the variation of SP in operative side was recovered as that of non-operative side. And, on the operation side, long-latency reflex (LLR) was appeared during SP from one month to five months after, especially its appearance pattern was most markedly post four months. However, post six months, LLR disappeared during SP. The result of H reflex, SP and LLR appearance suggested a following hypothesis; until post six months after ACL reconstruction, even the small and simple task (i.e. an ankle planter flexion with a slight effort) needs to an intervention of a various supra-spinal function. In this case, autonomy of central nervous system related to an out-put mechanism in lower-extremity was acquired post six months. PMID:18551833

  10. Comparison of Scheimpflug imaging and spectral domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography for detection of narrow anterior chamber angles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D S Grewal; G S Brar; R Jain; S P S Grewal

    2011-01-01

    PurposeTo compare the performance of anterior chamber volume (ACV) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) obtained using Scheimpflug imaging with angle opening distance (AOD500) and trabecular-iris space area (TISA500) obtained using spectral domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (SD-ASOCT) in detecting narrow angles classified using gonioscopy.MethodsIn this prospective, cross-sectional observational study, 265 eyes of 265 consecutive patients underwent sequential Scheimpflug imaging,

  11. Reduced anterior insula, enlarged amygdala in alcoholism and associated depleted von Economo neurons.

    PubMed

    Senatorov, Vladimir V; Damadzic, Ruslan; Mann, Claire L; Schwandt, Melanie L; George, David T; Hommer, Daniel W; Heilig, Markus; Momenan, Reza

    2015-01-01

    The insula, a structure involved in higher order representation of interoceptive states, has recently been implicated in drug craving and social stress. Here, we performed brain magnetic resonance imaging to measure volumes of the insula and amygdala, a structure with reciprocal insular connections, in 26 alcohol-dependent patients and 24 healthy volunteers (aged 22-56 years, nine females in each group). We used an established morphometry method to quantify total and regional insular volumes. Volumetric measurements of the amygdala were obtained using a model-based segmentation/registration tool. In alcohol-dependent patients, anterior insula volumes were bilaterally reduced compared to healthy volunteers (left by 10%, right by 11%, normalized to total brain volumes). Furthermore, alcohol-dependent patients, compared with healthy volunteers, had bilaterally increased amygdala volumes. The left amygdala was increased by 28% and the right by 29%, normalized to total brain volumes. Post-mortem studies of the anterior insula showed that the reduced anterior insular volume may be associated with a population of von Economo neurons, which were 60% diminished in subjects with a history of alcoholism (n = 6) as compared to subjects without a history of alcoholism (n = 6) (aged 32-56 years, all males). The pattern of neuroanatomical change observed in our alcohol-dependent patients might result in a loss of top-down control of amygdala function, potentially contributing to impaired social cognition as well as an inability to control negatively reinforced alcohol seeking and use. PMID:25367022

  12. Anterior Abdominal Wall Haemangioma with Inguinal Extension

    PubMed Central

    Dubhashi, Siddharth P; Choudhary, Kaushal

    2014-01-01

    Haemangioma are common benign vascular tumour but Intramuscular haemangiomas are rare tumours comprising less than 1% of all. The most frequent sites are extremities, head and neck whereas abdominal wall is a quiet rare location. Ultrasonography is an appropriate initial diagnostic modality and MRI is the investigation of choice. A rare case presented to us as Intramuscular haemangioma of anterior abdominal wall with inguinal extension. Ultrasonography with Doppler study and MRI was suggestive of same finding. Intraoperatively patient had huge haemangioma involving external oblique, internal oblique and transverse abdominus muscle. Wide local excision with meshplasty was done as part of muscle had to be removed. Histology confirmed the diagnosis of Intramuscular Haemangioma. PMID:25584266

  13. Current Trends in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ha Sung; Jo, Ah Reum

    2013-01-01

    The advances in the knowledge of anatomy, surgical techniques, and fixation devices have led to the improvement of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction over the past 10 years. Nowadays, double bundle and anatomical single bundle ACL reconstruction that more closely restores the normal anatomy of the ACL are becoming popular. Although there is still no definite conclusion whether double bundle ACL reconstruction provides better clinical results than single bundle reconstruction, the trend has shifted to anatomic reconstruction regardless of single bundle or double bundle techniques. We could not find any significant differences in the clinical outcomes and stability after ACL reconstruction according to the type of graft or fixation device. Therefore, surgeons should select an ideal ACL reconstruction according to the patient's condition and surgeon's experience. PMID:24368993

  14. Anterior insula degeneration in frontotemporal dementia

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    The human anterior insula is anatomically and functionally heterogeneous, containing key nodes within distributed speech–language and viscero-autonomic/social–emotional networks. The frontotemporal dementias selectively target these large-scale systems, leading to at least three distinct clinical syndromes. Examining these disorders, researchers have begun to dissect functions which rely on specific insular nodes and networks. In the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia, early-stage frontoinsular degeneration begets progressive “Salience Network” breakdown that leaves patients unable to model the emotional impact of their own actions or inactions. Ongoing studies seek to clarify local microcircuit- and cellular-level factors that confer selective frontoinsular vulnerability. The search for frontotemporal dementia treatments will depend on a rich understanding of insular biology and could help clarify specialized human language, social, and emotional functions. PMID:20512369

  15. Pathology Case Study: Large Anterior Abdominal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Pushkar, Irina

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 72 year old woman who presents with a three day history of constipation and a five year history of a large anterior abdominal mass in the right lower quadrant. Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, hospital treatment course, and gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in surgical pathology.

  16. Individualized anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    van Eck, Carola F; Widhalm, Harrald; Murawski, Christopher; Fu, Freddie H

    2015-02-01

    Abstract Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are often seen in young participants in sports such as soccer, football, and basketball. Treatment options include conservative management as well as surgical intervention, with the goal of enabling the patient to return to cutting and pivoting sports and activities. Individualized anatomic ACL reconstruction is a surgical technique that tailors the procedure to the individual patient using preoperative measurements on plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging and intraoperative measurement to map the patients' native ACL anatomy in order to replicate it as closely as possible. Anatomic ACL reconstruction, therefore, is defined as reconstruction of the ACL to its native dimensions, collagen orientation, and insertion site. The surgical reconstruction is followed by a specific rehabilitation protocol that is designed to enable the patient to regain muscle strength and proprioception while facilitating healing of the reconstructed ACL prior to the patient's returning to sports activities. PMID:25684559

  17. Anterior Cingulate epilepsy: mechanisms and modulation.

    PubMed

    Chang, Wei-Pang; Shyu, Bai-Chuang

    2014-01-01

    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, about 1% population worldwide suffered from this disease. In 1989, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classified anterior cingulate epilepsy as a form of frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). FLE is the second most common type of epilepsy. Previous clinical studies showed that FLE account an important cause in refractory epilepsy, therefore to find alternative approach to modulate FLE is very important. Basic research using animal models and brain slice have revealed some insights on the epileptogenesis and modulation of seizure in anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Interneurons play an important role in the synchronization of cingulate epilepsy. Research has shown that the epileptogenesis of seizure originated from mesial frontal lobe might be caused by a selective increase in nicotine-evoked ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA) inhibition, because the application of the GABAA receptor antagonist picrotoxin inhibited epileptic discharges. Gap junctions are also involved in the regulation of cingulate epilepsy. Previous studies have shown that the application of gap junction blockers could attenuate ACC seizures, while gap junction opener could enhance them in an in vitro preparation. ?-Opioid receptors have been shown to be involved in the epileptic synchronization mechanism in ACC seizures in a brain slice preparation. Application of the ?-opioid agonist DAMGO significantly abolished the ictal discharges in a 4-aminopyridine induced electrographic seizure model in ACC. Basic research has also found that thalamic modulation has an inhibitory effect on ACC seizures. Studies have shown that the medial thalamus may be a target for deep brain stimulation to cure ACC seizures. PMID:24427123

  18. Rap System of Stress Stimulation Can Promote Bone Union after Lower Tibial Bone Fracture: A Clinical Research

    PubMed Central

    YAO, Jian-fei; SHEN, Jia-zuo; LI, Da-kun; LIN, Da-sheng; Li, Lin; LI, Qiang; Qi, Peng; LIAN, Ke-jian; DING, Zhen-qi

    2012-01-01

    Background Lower tibial bone fracture may easily cause bone delayed union or nonunion because of lacking of dynamic mechanical load. Objective Research Group would design a new instrument as Rap System of Stress Stimulation (RSSS) to provide dynamic mechanical load which would promote lower tibial bone union postoperatively. Methods This clinical research was conducted from January 2008 to December 2010, 92 patients(male 61/female 31, age 16-70years, mean 36.3years) who suffered lower tibial bone closed fracture were given intramedullary nail fixation and randomly averagely separated into experimental group and control group(according to the successively order when patients went for the admission procedure). Then researchers analysed the clinical healing time, full weight bearing time, VAS (Visual Analogue Scales) score and callus growth score of Lane-Sandhu in 3,6,12 months postoperatively. The delayed union and nonunion rates were compared at 6 and 12 months separately. Results All the 92 patients had been followed up (mean 14 months). Clinical bone healing time in experimental group was 88.78±8.80 days but control group was 107.91±9.03days. Full weight bearing time in experimental group was 94.07±9.81 days but control group was 113.24±13.37 days respectively (P<0.05). The delayed union rate in 6 months was 4.3% in experimental group but 10.9% in control group(P<0.05). The nonunion rate in 12 months was 6.5% in experimental group but 19.6% in control group(P<0.05). In 3, 6, 12 months postoperatively, VAS score and Lane-Sandhu score in experimental group had more significantly difference than them in control group. Conclusions RSSS can intermittently provide dynamic mechanical load and stimulate callus formation, promote lower tibial bone union, reduce bone delayed union or nonunion rate. It is an adjuvant therapy for promoting bone union after lower tibial bone fracture. PMID:22859907

  19. Superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) rehabilitation in the overhead athlete.

    PubMed

    Manske, Robert; Prohaska, Daniel

    2010-11-01

    Due to the complexity of shoulder pathomechanics in the overhead athlete, injuries located in the superior aspect of the glenoid, known as superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions, are often a surgical and rehabilitation challenge. In an effort to determine surgical versus conservative care of SLAP lesions a thorough clinical examination and evaluation are necessary. If surgery is identified as the treatment of choice, post operative rehabilitation will vary pending surgical findings including the extent and location of the SLAP lesion, and other concomitant findings and procedures. This manuscript will provide an overview of the pathology, examination and evaluation of SLAP lesions, surgical management and post operative rehabilitation following various SLAP categories. PMID:21055704

  20. Volume and Contact Surface Area Analysis of Bony Tunnels in Single and Double Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Autograft Tendons: In Vivo Three-Dimensional Imaging Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Jae-Hyuk; Chang, Minho; Kwak, Dai-Soon

    2014-01-01

    Background Regarding reconstruction surgery of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), there is still a debate whether to perform a single bundle (SB) or double bundle (DB) reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the volume and surface area of femoral and tibial tunnels during transtibial SB versus transportal DB ACL reconstruction. Methods A consecutive series of 26 patients who underwent trantibial SB ACL reconstruction and 27 patients with transportal DB ACL reconstruction using hamstring autograft from January 2010 to October 2010 were included in this study. Three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) was taken within one week after operation. The CT bone images were segmented with use of Mimics software v14.0. The obtained digital images were then imported in the commercial package Geomagic Studio v10.0 and SketchUp Pro v8.0 for processing. The femoral and tibial tunnel lengths, diameters, volumes and surface areas were evaluated. A comparison between the two groups was performed using the independent-samples t-test. A p-value less than the significance value of 5% (p < 0.05) was considered statistically significant. Results Regarding femur tunnels, a significant difference was not found between the tunnel volume for SB technique (1,496.51 ± 396.72 mm3) and the total tunnel volume for DB technique (1,593.81 ± 469.42 mm3; p = 0.366). However, the total surface area for femoral tunnels was larger in DB technique (919.65 ± 201.79 mm2) compared to SB technique (810.02 ± 117.98 mm2; p = 0.004). For tibia tunnels, there was a significant difference between tunnel volume for the SB technique (2,070.43 ± 565.07 mm3) and the total tunnel volume for the DB technique (2,681.93 ± 668.09 mm3; p ? 0.001). The tibial tunnel surface area for the SB technique (958.84 ± 147.50 mm2) was smaller than the total tunnel surface area for the DB technique (1,493.31 ± 220.79 mm2; p ? 0.001). Conclusions Although the total femoral tunnel volume was similar between two techniques, the total surface area was larger in the DB technique. For the tibia, both total tunnel volume and the surface area were larger in DB technique. PMID:25177454

  1. The biochemical characterization of aggrecan from normal and tibial-dyschondroplastic chicken growth-plate cartilage.

    PubMed Central

    Tselepis, C; Kwan, A P; Thornton, D; Sheehan, J

    2000-01-01

    Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is a disorder of endochondral ossification characterized by the presence of an avascular, non-mineralized cartilage lesion extending from the growth plate into the metaphysis. Cells within the TD growth plate fail to differentiate to full hypertrophy, and instead appear to maintain a 'pre-hypertrophic' or 'transitional' status. Studies of the expression and distribution of cartilage matrix macromolecules in the TD growth plate have shown a marked decrease in the levels of aggrecan in the TD matrix. In the present study we compared the biochemical characteristics of the aggrecan molecules extracted from normal epiphyseal and TD cartilage. We have shown three major differences between normal and TD cartilage aggrecan. These are: (1) increase in molecular mass; (2) increase in the number of keratan sulphate chains; and (3) difference in the pattern of sulphation in TD aggrecan. Such changes in biochemical characteristics of the aggrecan monomers in TD cartilage may be associated with the lack of mineralization of the diseased cartilage. The present study provides a basis for further investigations into the importance of proteoglycans in normal and pathological bone development. PMID:11023839

  2. Porous coated anatomic tricompartmental tibial components. The relationship between prosthetic position and micromotion.

    PubMed

    Ryd, L; Lindstrand, A; Stenström, A; Selvik, G

    1990-02-01

    Micromotion of the tibial component, both as migration over time and as inducible displacement in response to external physiologic forces, was studied in 20 cases of gonarthrosis. The patients had Porous Coated Anatomic primary total knee arthroplasty and were followed for four years. All cases but one were clinically successful. Thirteen components were inserted without cement, while in seven, high-viscosity Palacos cement was used. Full postoperative weight bearing was allowed in all cases. During the first year, noncemented components migrated a mean of 2.6 mm, while cemented components migrated a mean of 1.1 mm. About 1 mm of migration of noncemented components was in the downward direction, i.e., subsidence occurred, mostly during the first year. After one year, the noncemented components had stabilized more than the cemented ones. There was a significant correlation between the migration after one year and the postoperative prosthetic position and alignment of the leg. A mean maximum inducible displacement (the total vector displacement of the prosthetic marker that moved the most) of 0.7 mm and 0.4 mm was found for noncemented and cemented components, respectively. The micromotion found was of the same magnitude as that for other cemented and noncemented prosthetic systems previously reported. PMID:2295173

  3. Effects of freezing on the biomechanical and structural properties of human posterior tibial tendons.

    PubMed

    Giannini, Sandro; Buda, Roberto; Di Caprio, Francesco; Agati, Patrizia; Bigi, Adriana; De Pasquale, Viviana; Ruggeri, Alessandro

    2008-04-01

    This work analyzes the effects of storage by fresh-freezing at -80 degrees C on the histological, structural and biomechanical properties of the human posterior tibial tendon (PTT), used for ACL reconstruction. Twenty-two PTTs were harvested from eleven donors. For each donor one tendon was frozen at -80 degrees C and thawed in physiological solution at 37 degrees C, and the other was tested without freezing (control). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and biomechanical analysis were performed. We found the following mean changes in frozen-thawed tendons compared to controls: TEM showed an increase in the mean diameter of collagen fibrils and in fibril non-occupation mean ratio, while the mean number of fibrils decreased; DSC showed a decrease in mean denaturation temperature and denaturation enthalpy. Biomechanical analysis showed a decrease in ultimate load and ultimate stress, an increase in stiffness and a decrease in ultimate strain of tendons. In conclusion fresh-freezing brings about significant changes in the biomechanical and structural properties of the human PTT. A high variability exists in the biophysical properties of tendons among individuals and in the effects of storage on tendons. Therefore, when choosing an allograft tendon, particular care is needed to choose a biomechanically suitable graft. PMID:17216243

  4. Material and surface factors influencing backside fretting wear in total knee replacement tibial components.

    PubMed

    Billi, Fabrizio; Sangiorgio, Sophia N; Aust, Sarah; Ebramzadeh, Edward

    2010-05-01

    Retrieval studies have shown that the interface between the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene insert and metal tibial tray of fixed-bearing total knee replacement components can be a source of substantial amounts of wear debris due to fretting micromotion. We assessed fretting wear of polyethylene against metal as a function of metal surface finish, alloy, and micromotion amplitude, using a three-station pin-on-disc fretting wear simulator. Overall, the greatest reduction in polyethylene wear was achieved by highly polishing the metal surface. For example, highly polished titanium alloy surfaces produced nearly 20 times less polyethylene wear compared with blasted titanium alloy, whereas, decreasing the micromotion amplitude from 200 to 50microm produced approximately four times less polyethylene wear for the same blasted titanium alloy surface. Although the effect of the metal alloy was much smaller than the effect of metal surface roughness or the micromotion amplitude, CoCr discs produced slightly greater polyethylene fretting wear than titanium alloy discs under each condition. The results are essential in design and manufacturing decisions related to fixed-bearing total knee replacements. PMID:20172525

  5. Intra-articular correction of extra-articular tibial deformities with total knee arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Chua, W.; Wang, W.

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Extra-articular leg deformities may occur in the femur or tibia from mal-unions from previous trauma or metabolic bone disease. Secondary osteoarthritis at the knee occurs due to loss of mechanical alignment of the limb. At surgery for total knee arthroplasty, mechanical alignment can be restored intra-articularly with appropriate bone cuts and soft tissue balancing. PRESENTATION OF CASE We describe 2 case studies with extra-articular tibial deformities (9° and 24° varus deformity) which were corrected with a 1 stage procedure of total knee arthroplasty with intra-articular deformity correction. DISCUSSION Patient selection, pre-operative considerations and surgical technique are discussed with reference to the literature. CONCLUSION One stage intra-articular correction of extra-articular deformity is suitable for mild degrees of varus deformities (<30°). Staged corrective procedures with larger deformities in the tibia or femur can be performed with extra-articular osteotomies on top of intra-articular corrections. Consideration should be given to the use of computer navigation when conventional jigs cannot be applied to deformed bone. PMID:23353706

  6. Machining and accuracy studies for a tibial knee implant using a force-controlled robot.

    PubMed

    Van Ham, G; Denis, K; Vander Sloten, J; Van Audekercke, R; Van der Perre, G; De Schutter, J; Aertbeliën, E; Demey, S; Bellemans, J

    1998-01-01

    Total knee arthroplasty requires accurate preparation of the bone surfaces to maximize bone implant contact area in cementless surgery and to obtain proper joint kinematics and ligament balancing. Robots can make the cuts with the necessary high precision. The purpose of this article is threefold: to propose an alternative method for intraoperative registration using an intramedullary rod and an alternative method for force control using the hybrid force-velocity control scheme; to demonstrate that the accuracy and the surface flatness of the cuts machined by a robot are better than in a conventional operation; and to monitor the machining process and to try to derive some information about the local bone quality from it. The results of the laboratory study are promising: the surface flatness of the tibial plateau, calculated using a least squares method, is 0.1-0.2 mm, which is significantly better than in conventional surgery; and the high angular accuracy of the robot allows the bone cuts to be located precisely. Further, an exponential relation between milling forces and local bone density was established, so measurements of the milling forces can provide the surgeon with on-line information about the local bone quality. PMID:9888199

  7. Tibial fractures associated with crush injuries to the soft tissues of the dorsal foot in children.

    PubMed

    Fujita, Mamoru; Yokoyama, Kazuhiko; Nakamura, Koushin; Uchino, Masataka; Wakita, Ryuji; Itoman, Moritoshi

    2004-03-01

    We retrospectively studied 15 children with tibial fractures associated with crush injuries to the soft tissues of the dorsal foot. The fractures, including six open fractures, were united with no complications within an average of 11.1 weeks. Wound closure to treat crush injuries of the dorsal foot was achieved using split- or full-thickness skin grafts in most patients. The outcomes of these grafts were acceptable, and all skin coverage was successful and remained viable with no breakdown. Extensor tendon injuries of the foot sustained by eight patients could not be sutured or repaired due to the nature of the injuries. However, the functional abilities of those injured tendons that could be sutured to surrounding tissues in a neutral position were acceptable, even though two patients had contracture of the toes that was problematic when wearing shoes. To manage crush skin injuries of the dorsal foot, split- or full-thickness skin grafts appear to provide a simple and convenient treatment strategy. In cases associated with extensor tendon injuries, suturing damaged extensor tendons to surrounding tissues represents another useful strategy with acceptable outcomes. PMID:15124795

  8. Absence of Clinical and Hemodynamic Consequences due to Posterior Tibial Artery Congenital Aplasia

    PubMed Central

    Karaolanis, Georgios; Karanikola, Evridiki; Palla, Viktoria Varvara; Filis, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    The exact knowledge of popliteal artery and its branches' anatomic variations is important for the clinical practice of angiology, vascular surgery, and interventional procedures. Congenital absence of the artery leads, in some cases, to early malformations of the extremity in the childhood; however, it may also remain asymptomatic. We present an unusual case of a 76-year-old male patient complaining of paraesthesia in both limbs and bilateral aplasia of posterior tibial artery (PTA). Physical examination, ankle-brachial indexes, before and after exercise, arterial duplex scan, and magnetic resonance arteriography were performed. Arterial pulses for PTA at the level of the ankle were normal; arterial duplex study showed biphasic arterial flow at the level of the ankle. Color duplex ultrasound as well as magnetic resonance arteriography revealed the absence of the PTA in both limbs. The vascularization of the fibula was bilaterally normal. The patient underwent also neurological examination and electromyography, which were normal. The evaluation of the possible clinical signs and symptoms and the hemodynamic consequences of this condition are further discussed. PMID:26090262

  9. In Vivo Tibial Compression Decreases Osteolysis and Tumor Formation in a Human Metastatic Breast Cancer Model

    PubMed Central

    Lynch, Maureen E; Brooks, Daniel; Mohanan, Sunish; Lee, Min Joon; Polamraju, Praveen; Dent, Kelsey; Bonassar, Lawrence J; van der Meulen, Marjolein C H; Fischbach, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    Bone metastasis, the leading cause of breast cancer-related deaths, is characterized by bone degradation due to increased osteoclastic activity. In contrast, mechanical stimulation in healthy individuals upregulates osteoblastic activity, leading to new bone formation. However, the effect of mechanical loading on the development and progression of metastatic breast cancer in bone remains unclear. Here, we developed a new in vivo model to investigate the role of skeletal mechanical stimuli on the development and osteolytic capability of secondary breast tumors. Specifically, we applied compressive loading to the tibia following intratibial injection of metastatic breast cancer cells (MDA-MB231) into the proximal compartment of female immunocompromised (SCID) mice. In the absence of loading, tibiae developed histologically-detectable tumors with associated osteolysis and excessive degradation of the proximal bone tissue. In contrast, mechanical loading dramatically reduced osteolysis and tumor formation and increased tibial cancellous mass due to trabecular thickening. These loading effects were similar to the baseline response we observed in non-injected SCID mice. In vitro mechanical loading of MDA-MB231 in a pathologically relevant 3D culture model suggested that the observed effects were not due to loading-induced tumor cell death, but rather mediated via decreased expression of genes interfering with bone homeostasis. Collectively, our results suggest that mechanical loading inhibits the growth and osteolytic capability of secondary breast tumors after their homing to the bone, which may inform future treatment of breast cancer patients with advanced disease. PMID:23649605

  10. Anterior ethmoidal artery emerging anterior to bulla ethmoidalis: An abnormal anatomical variation in Waardenburg's syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Wong, Danny K. C.; Shao, Angus; Campbell, Raewyn

    2014-01-01

    In endoscopic sinus surgery, the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is usually identified as it traverses obliquely across the fovea ethmoidalis, posterior to the bulla ethmoidalis and anterior to or within the ground lamella's attachment to the skull base. Injury to the AEA may result in hemorrhage, retraction of the AEA into the orbit, and a retrobulbar hematoma. The resulting increase in intraorbital pressure may threaten vision. Waardenburg's syndrome (WS) is a rare congenital, autosomal dominantly inherited disorder, distinguished by characteristic facial features, pigmentation abnormalities, and profound, congenital, sensorineural hearing loss. We present a case of AEAs located anterior to the bulla ethmoidalis in a 36-year-old male with WS and chronic rhinosinusitis. The anatomic abnormality was not obvious on a preoperative computed tomography scan and was discovered intraoperatively when the left AEA was injured, resulting in a retrobulbar hematoma. The hematoma was immediately identified and decompressed endoscopically without lasting complications. The AEA on the right was identified intraoperatively and preserved. The characteristic craniofacial features in WS were probably associated with the abnormal vascular anatomy. Endoscopic sinus surgeons should be aware of these potential anatomic anomalies in patients with abnormal craniofacial development. PMID:25565054

  11. Intraoperative measurement of pharynx/esophagus retraction during anterior cervical surgery. Part II: perfusion.

    PubMed

    Heese, Oliver; Fritzsche, Erik; Heiland, Max; Westphal, Manfred; Papavero, Luca

    2006-12-01

    Early postoperative dysphagia after anterior cervical surgery is a well-known phenomenon with so far unknown etiology. We hypothesised that direct pressure induced by the medial retractor blade on pharynx/esophagus mucosal wall leads to local ischemia. Subsequently postoperative hyperemia and swelling of the pharynx/esophagus may result in swallowing disturbance. To prove the hypothesis local blood flow inside the pharynx/esophagus wall during anterior cervical surgery was measured using a laser Doppler (LD) perfusion monitor unit. Fifteen patients underwent standard anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). The LD probe was placed underneath the medial retractor blade in order to gain information at the maximum point of pressure applied onto the pharynx/esophagus wall. Local perfusion was measured prior to retractor opening (5 min), during spreading of the retractor and after its closure (5 min). Perfusion was measured semiquantitatively in perfusion units (PU). Local perfusion ranged from 30 to 210 PU (mean 107) prior to retractor opening, from 7 to 60 PU (mean 30) with open retractor and from 15 to 280 PU (mean 117) after retractor closure. In all 15 patients the open retractor led to hypoperfusion ranging from 21 to 93% compared to the baseline level. In seven patients a reactive hyperemia at the end of the procedure was detected (32-89% compared to baseline level). In four patients after hypoperfusion during spreading of the retractor the baseline levels were reached again and in four patients perfusion remained diminished even after retractor closure. To best of our knowledge, this is the first report on intraoperative measurement of local perfusion of the pharynx/esophagus wall during anterior cervical surgery. Diminished local perfusion was observed in all patients during spreading of the retractor and post-procedure hyperemia was recorded in 46% of the patients. The local ischemia of the pharynx/esophagus wall may be a crucial step in the development of postoperative dysphagia. PMID:16477447

  12. Brief Communications Eye Position Representation in Human Anterior

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    Brief Communications Eye Position Representation in Human Anterior Parietal Cortex Daniela Balslev1TMS,withoutaffectingtheperceivedstraightaheadatbaselineoraftermotorcortexrTMS.We conclude that the anterior parietal cortex in humans encodes eye position and that this signal has eye position information. The human extraocular muscles (EOMs) have muscle spindles that sense muscle

  13. Anterior sagittal approach without splitting the rectal wall

    PubMed Central

    Leite, Mila Torii Corrêa; Fachin, Camila Girardi; de Albuquerque Maranhão, Renato Frota; Shida, Márcia Emília Francisco; Martins, José Luiz

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION The anterior sagittal transrectal approach (ASTRA) has already become popular to treat lesions in the proximal urethra such as trauma, duplicity and stenosis, prostatic utricle, urethral–vaginal fistulas and urogenital sinus anomalies. It provides much better exposure than the traditional perineal approach. Morbidity caused by this technique could be potentially decreased if the anterior sagittal access were to be made without sectioning the rectum. We report our initial experience using anterior approach without rectal sectioning for the treatment of three different types of pelvic disorders. PRESENTATION OF CASE Anterior sagittal access without sectioning the rectal wall was carried out in three different clinical cases – a vaginoplasty in a female patient with congenital adrenal hyperplasia; to treat paradoxical urinary incontinence in a patient with proximal hypospadias (46XY karyotype) and another one with gonadal dysgenesis (46XO/XY karyotype). DISCUSSION Several surgical techniques have been reported to repair congenital or acquired lesions in the posterior urethra with high morbidity and no guarantees of adequate and safe surgical exposition. ASTRA provides an excellent exposure, splitting only the anterior rectal wall. In this study, the anterior sagittal approach was applied without splitting the rectal wall to repair different posterior urethral anomalies, providing excellent exposure without compromising the fecal continence mechanism. CONCLUSION The anterior sagittal approach without splitting the rectum is a feasible procedure which provides excellent exposure to the posterior urethra in most cases and leads to less morbidity as it avoids the splitting and suturing of the rectum anterior wall. PMID:23811390

  14. Influence of Head Trauma on Outcome Following Anterior Temporal Lobectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lori A. Schuh; Thomas R. Henry; Gail Fromes; Mila Blaivas; Donald A. Ross; Ivo Drury

    1998-01-01

    Background: There is controversy in the literature re- garding the importance of risk factors in developing epi- lepsy and seizure outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy. Some of the existing studies may be biased because of patient selection and limitations in determin- ing predisposition. Objective: To investigate the role of risk factors for epi- lepsy in determining outcome following anterior tem-

  15. Biometry of the Anterior Eye Segment by Scheimpflug Photography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Otto Hockwin; Erich Weigelin; Heike Laser; Viorel Dragomirescu

    1983-01-01

    Scheimpflug photos of 262 cataract patients, classified according to various forms of opacifications characteristic for senile cataracts were evaluated by biometric methods. The measured values on cornea thickness, depth of anterior chamber, lens thickness, and radii of curvatures of cornea and anterior lens surface show that a correlation between some of the parameters and certain forms of opacities must be

  16. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Strain Behavior During Rehabilitation Exercises In Vivo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce D. Beynnon; Braden C. Fleming; Robert J. Johnson; Claude E. Nichols; Per A. Renström; Malcolm H. Pope

    1995-01-01

    Before studying the biomechanical effects of rehabili tation exercises on the reconstructed knee, it is impor tant to understand their effects on the normal anterior cruciate ligament. The objective of this investigation was to measure the strain behavior of this ligament dur ing rehabilitation activities in vivo. Participants were pa tient volunteers with normal anterior cruciate ligaments instrumented with the

  17. Validity of instrumented measurement of anterior laxity of the knee at different force levels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T Siebel; F Geiger; D Pöhlmann; J Heisel

    1995-01-01

    The Kneelax arthrometer is a tibia referenced sytem for objectively testing and reproducing the anterior stability of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). It measures the extent of anterior translation of the tibia on the femur, under anterior drawer forces of 44, 67, 89, and 132 N. The compliance of the system, calculated as the increase in anterior displacement between the

  18. Differences in tibial rotation during walking in ACL reconstructed and healthy contralateral knees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sean F. Scanlan; Ajit M. W. Chaudhari; Chris O. Dyrby; Thomas P. Andriacchi

    2010-01-01

    This study tested the hypotheses that in patients with a successful anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the internal–external rotation, varus–valgus, and knee flexion position of reconstructed knees would be different from uninjured contralateral knees during walking. Twenty-six subjects with unilateral ACL reconstructions (avg 31 years, 1.7m, 68kg, 15 female, 24 months past reconstruction) and no other history of serious lower

  19. Anterior-posterior patterning within the Caenorhabditis elegans endoderm.

    PubMed

    Schroeder, D F; McGhee, J D

    1998-12-01

    The endoderm of higher organisms is extensively patterned along the anterior/posterior axis. Although the endoderm (gut or E lineage) of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans appears to be a simple uniform tube, cells in the anterior gut show several molecular and anatomical differences from cells in the posterior gut. In particular, the gut esterase ges-1 gene, which is normally expressed in all cells of the endoderm, is expressed only in the anterior-most gut cells when certain sequences in the ges-1 promoter are deleted. Using such a deleted ges-1 transgene as a biochemical marker of differentiation, we have investigated the basis of anterior-posterior gut patterning in C. elegans. Although homeotic genes are involved in endoderm patterning in other organisms, we show that anterior gut markers are expressed normally in C. elegans embryos lacking genes of the homeotic cluster. Although signalling from the mesoderm is involved in endoderm patterning in other organisms, we show that ablation of all non-gut blastomeres from the C. elegans embryo does not affect anterior gut marker expression; furthermore, ectopic guts produced by genetic transformation express anterior gut markers generally in the expected location and in the expected number of cells. We conclude that anterior gut fate requires no specific cell-cell contact but rather is produced autonomously within the E lineage. Cytochalasin D blocking experiments fully support this conclusion. Finally, the HMG protein POP-1, a downstream component of the Wnt signalling pathway, has recently been shown to be important in many anterior/posterior fate decisions during C. elegans embryogenesis (Lin, R., Hill, R. J. and Priess, J. R. (1998) Cell 92, 229-239). When RNA-mediated interference is used to eliminate pop-1 function from the embryo, gut is still produced but anterior gut marker expression is abolished. We suggest that the C. elegans endoderm is patterned by elements of the Wnt/pop-1 signalling pathway acting autonomously within the E lineage. PMID:9811572

  20. Nociceptive processing by anterior cingulate pyramidal neurons.

    PubMed

    Shyu, Bai-Chuang; Sikes, Robert W; Vogt, Leslie J; Vogt, Brent A

    2010-06-01

    Although the cingulate cortex is frequently activated in acute human pain studies, postsynaptic responses are not known nor are links between nociceptive afferents, neuronal responses, and outputs to other structures. Intracellular potentials were recorded from neurobiotin-injected, pyramidal neurons in anterior cingulate area 24b following noxious stimulation of the sciatic nerve in anesthetized rabbits. Layer IIIc pyramids had extensive and horizontally oriented basal dendrites in layer IIIc where nociceptive afferents terminate. They had the longest excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs; 545 ms) that were modulated with hyperpolarizing currents. Pyramids in layer V had an intermediate tuft of oblique apical dendrites in layer IIIc that were 150-350 microm from somata in layer Va and 351-550 microm in layer Vb. Although average EPSP durations were short in layers II-IIIab (222 +/- 31), Va (267 +/- 65), and Vb (159 +/- 31), there were five neurons in layers IIIab-Va that had EPSP durations lasting >300 ms (548 +/- 63 ms). Neurons in layers IIIc, Va, and Vb had the highest amplitude EPSPs (6.25, 6.84 +/- 0.58, and 6.4 +/- 0.47 mV, respectively), whereas those in layers II-IIIab were 5 +/- 0.56 mV. Nociceptive responses in layer Vb were complex and some had initial inhibitory postsynaptic potentials with shorter-duration EPSPs. Layers II-IIIab had dye-coupled pyramids and EPSPs in these layers had short durations (167 +/- 33 ms) compared with those in layers IIIc-Va (487 +/- 28 ms). In conclusion there are two populations of anterior cingulate cortex pyramids with EPSPs of significantly different durations, although their dendritic morphologies do not predict EPSP duration. Short-duration EPSPs are thalamic-mediated, nociceptive responses lasting < or =200 ms. Longer, "integrative" EPSPs are >350 ms and are likely modulated by intracortical axon collateral discharges. These findings suggest that links between nociception and projections to cortical and motor systems are instantaneous because nociceptive responses are generated directly by pyramidal projection neurons in all layers. PMID:20357067

  1. Current trends in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Duquin, Thomas R; Wind, William M; Fineberg, Marc S; Smolinski, Robert J; Buyea, Cathy M

    2009-01-01

    In 2006, a survey regarding anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction was mailed to physician members of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. A total of 993 responses were received from 1747 possible respondents (57%). The number of ACL reconstructions per year ranged from 1 to 275 (mean=55). The most important factors in the timing of surgery were knee range of motion and effusion. Bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) autograft was most commonly preferred (46%), followed by hamstring tendon autograft (32%) and allografts (22%). Five years earlier, BPTB grafts were more frequent and hamstring tendon and allografts were less frequent (63%, 25%, and 12%, respectively). A single-incision arthroscopic technique was used by 90%. Most allowed return to full activity at 5 to 6 months, with a trend toward earlier return for BPTB grafts; quadriceps strength was an important factor in the decision. There was limited experience (4%) with double-bundle and computer-assisted ACL reconstruction. Arthroscopic-assisted, single-incision reconstruction using a BPTB autograft fixed with metal interference screws remains the most common technique used for primary ACL reconstruction. In the past 5 years, the use of alternative graft sources and methods of fixation has increased. Consensus regarding the best graft type, fixation method, and postoperative protocol is still lacking. PMID:19216345

  2. Guideline on anterior cruciate ligament injury

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    The Dutch Orthopaedic Association has a long tradition of development of practical clinical guidelines. Here we present the recommendations from the multidisciplinary clinical guideline working group for anterior cruciate ligament injury. The following 8 clinical questions were formulated by a steering group of the Dutch Orthopaedic Association. What is the role of physical examination and additional diagnostic tools? Which patient-related outcome measures should be used? What are the relevant parameters that influence the indication for an ACL reconstruction? Which findings or complaints are predictive of a bad result of an ACL injury treatment? What is the optimal timing for surgery for an ACL injury? What is the outcome of different conservative treatment modalities? Which kind of graft gives the best result in an ACL reconstruction? What is the optimal postoperative treatment concerning rehabilitation, resumption of sports, and physiotherapy? These 8 questions were answered and recommendations were made, using the “Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation” instrument. This instrument seeks to improve the quality and effectiveness of clinical practical guidelines by establishing a shared framework to develop, report, and assess. The steering group has also developed 7 internal indicators to aid in measuring and enhancing the quality of the treatment of patients with an ACL injury, for use in a hospital or practice. PMID:22900914

  3. Infection after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seung-Ju; Postigo, Ricardo; Koo, Sowon; Kim, Jong Hun

    2014-07-01

    Septic arthritis is a rare but potentially devastating complication of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. The purpose of this study was to provide an evidence-based summarization of the treatment and outcome of infection after ACL reconstruction with a pooled analysis of the reported cases. The authors conducted a systematic review of published studies that evaluated the outcome of septic arthritis after arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. A structured literature review of multiple databases referenced articles from 1950 to 2012. A total of 22,836 knees from 14 published studies were assessed. Postoperative septic arthritis occurred in 121 knees, with a pooled percentage of 0.5%. Mean duration of follow-up after ACL reconstruction was 53.6 months (range, 4-218 months). An average of 1.92 procedures (range, 1-5 procedures) were performed to eradicate the infection. The grafts were retained in 77% of cases. Postoperative intravenous antibiotics were used for at least 5 days (range, 5-90 days) after debridement. At final follow-up, mean postoperative Lysholm score was 80.2 (range, 23-100). No reinfection was observed in 121 patients. This study has helped to further elucidate the outcomes of infection after ACL reconstruction. Once an infection is encountered, culture-specific antibiotics and surgical joint irrigation with graft retention are recommended as initial treatment. Graft removal can be considered only for those infections resistant to initial treatment. PMID:24992054

  4. Principles of postoperative anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation

    PubMed Central

    Saka, Tolga

    2014-01-01

    It is known that anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction needs to be combined with detailed postoperative rehabilitation in order for patients to return to their pre-injury activity levels, and that the rehabilitation process is as important as the reconstruction surgery. Literature studies focus on how early in the postoperative ACL rehabilitation period rehabilitation modalities can be initiated. Despite the sheer number of studies on this topic, postoperative ACL rehabilitation protocols have not been standardized yet. Could common, “ossified” knowledge or modalities really prove themselves in the literature? Could questions such as “is postoperative brace use really necessary?”, “what are the benefits of early restoration of the range of motion (ROM)?”, “to what extent is neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) effective in the protection from muscular atrophy?”, “how early can proprioception training and open chain exercises begin?”, “should strengthening training start in the immediate postoperative period?” be answered for sure? My aim is to review postoperative brace use, early ROM restoration, NMES, proprioception, open/closed chain exercises and early strengthening, which are common modalities in the very comprehensive theme of postoperative ACL rehabilitation, on the basis of several studies (Level of Evidence 1 and 2) and to present the commonly accepted ways they are presently used. Moreover, I have presented the objectives of postoperative ACL rehabilitation in tables and recent miscellaneous studies in the last chapter of the paper. PMID:25232521

  5. Principles of postoperative anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation.

    PubMed

    Saka, Tolga

    2014-09-18

    It is known that anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction needs to be combined with detailed postoperative rehabilitation in order for patients to return to their pre-injury activity levels, and that the rehabilitation process is as important as the reconstruction surgery. Literature studies focus on how early in the postoperative ACL rehabilitation period rehabilitation modalities can be initiated. Despite the sheer number of studies on this topic, postoperative ACL rehabilitation protocols have not been standardized yet. Could common, "ossified" knowledge or modalities really prove themselves in the literature? Could questions such as "is postoperative brace use really necessary?", "what are the benefits of early restoration of the range of motion (ROM)?", "to what extent is neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) effective in the protection from muscular atrophy?", "how early can proprioception training and open chain exercises begin?", "should strengthening training start in the immediate postoperative period?" be answered for sure? My aim is to review postoperative brace use, early ROM restoration, NMES, proprioception, open/closed chain exercises and early strengthening, which are common modalities in the very comprehensive theme of postoperative ACL rehabilitation, on the basis of several studies (Level of Evidence 1 and 2) and to present the commonly accepted ways they are presently used. Moreover, I have presented the objectives of postoperative ACL rehabilitation in tables and recent miscellaneous studies in the last chapter of the paper. PMID:25232521

  6. [Giant anterior communicating artery aneurysm (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Ito, H; Shima, T; Yamamoto, S

    1975-02-01

    A case of giant aneurysm arising from the anterior communicating artery, 24 X 28 X 30 mm in diameter was found in a 30 year old man. About ten years ago he became blind and recently developed right anosmia and diencephalic seizures. No subarachnoid hemorrhage, however, was found. Radiograms and tomograms of the cranium showed a ring-like calcification, but by angiography it couldn't be recognized as a giant aneurysm. The right frontal craniotomy and partial resection, therefore, was performed. A histological study of the resected material revealed that it was a spontaneously thrombosed giant aneurysm. The inner layer of its wall had neither endothelium nor elastic lamina, but had deposits of calcium salt. The outer layer was composed of collagen fibers without cell infiltration. The aneurysm was thrombosed except for its neck but its organization occurred incompletely. We want to emphasize the importance of a correct preoperative diagnosis, as an erroneous operative procedure can result in disaster. Volume, viscosity and tension of flowing blood into the aneurysm as well as the size of its neck and dome regulate dynamic properties. These properties may determine the enlargement rate or growth of the aneurysm. The dynamic characteristics and features of the inner surface of the aneurysmal wall may regulate the formation of thrombosis in the aneurysm. The intraluminal thrombosis and strength of aneurysmal wall, for example, calcium deposits, may prohibit aneurysm from its rupture. PMID:1238924

  7. Focal Atrial Tachycardia Surrounding the Anterior Septum

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Zulu; Ouyang, Jinge; Liang, Yanchun; Jin, Zhiqing; Yang, Guitang; Liang, Ming; Li, Shibei; Yu, Haibo

    2015-01-01

    Background— Focal atrial tachycardias (ATs) surrounding the anterior atrial septum (AAS) have been successfully ablated from the right atrial septum (RAS), the aortic cusps, and the aortic mitral junction. However, the strategy for mapping and ablation of AAS-ATs has not been well defined. Methods and Results— Of 227 consecutive patients with AT, 47 (20.7%; mean age, 56.3±11.6 years) with AAS-ATs were studied; among them, initial ablation was successful at RAS in only 5 of 14 patients and at noncoronary cusp (NCC) in 28 of 33 patients. In 45 of the 47 patients, the 46 of 48 AAS-ATs were eliminated at RAS in 8 patients, NCC in 35 patients (earliest activation time at NCC was later than that at RAS by 5–10 ms in 6 patients), and aortic mitral junction in 3 patients (all with negative P wave in lead aVL and positive P wave in the inferior leads), including 1 patient whose 2 ATs were eliminated separately from the NCC and the aortic mitral junction. Conclusions— Most of the ATs surrounding the AAS can be eliminated from within the NCC, which is usually the preferential ablation site. Ablation at the RAS and aortic mitral junction should be considered when supported by P-wave morphologies on surface ECG and results of activation mapping and ablation. PMID:25908691

  8. Curative radiotherapy for anterior commissure laryngeal carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Persky, M S; Lagmay, V M; Cooper, J; Constantinides, M; O'Leary, R

    2000-02-01

    There is continuing controversy surrounding the most effective treatment of glottic carcinoma involving the anterior commissure (AC). Surgery has been the preferred method of treatment, since studies previously indicated early tumor invasion of the thyroid cartilage at the AC, thereby assuming less curability by radiotherapy (RT). Subsequent laryngeal anatomic studies and refinement of RT techniques have brought into question the ineffectiveness of curative irradiation. A retrospective review of 174 patients with early-stage glottic carcinoma treated with standard fractionation curative RT revealed 34 patients with T1 and T2 lesions involving the AC. Allowing for a follow-up of at least 3 years, we observed only a 12% (4 of 34 patients) local recurrence rate after RT alone, with excellent voice quality and no major complications related to the irradiation. The 4 local recurrences were controlled by total laryngectomy, although 2 patients developed distant metastatic disease. Radiotherapy represents an effective method of treating T1 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis with AC involvement. The small number of T2 glottic carcinomas in this study prevents a meaningful conclusion concerning treatment of these lesions. PMID:10685566

  9. Anterior dental microwear texture analysis of the Krapina Neandertals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krueger, Kristin L.; Ungar, Peter S.

    2012-12-01

    Some Neandertal anterior teeth show unusual and excessive gross wear, commonly explained by non-dietary anterior tooth use, or using the anterior dentition as a tool, clamp, or third hand. This alternate use is inferred from aboriginal arctic populations, who used their front teeth in this manner. Here we examine anterior dental microwear textures of the Krapina Neandertals to test this hypothesis and further analyze tooth use in these hominins. Microwear textures from 17 Krapina Dental People were collected by white-light confocal profilometry using a 100x objective lens. Four adjacent scans were generated, totaling an area of 204x276 ?m, and were analyzed using Toothfrax and SFrax SSFA software packages. The Neandertals were compared to six bioarchaeological/ethnographic samples with reported variation in diet, abrasive load, and non-dietary anterior tooth use. Results indicate that Krapina anterior teeth lack extreme microwear textures expected of hominins exposed to heavy abrasives or those that regularly generated high stresses associated with intense use of the front teeth as tools. Krapina hominins have microwear attributes in common with Coast Tsimshian, Aleut, and Puye Pueblo samples. Collectively, this suggests that the Krapina Neandertals faced moderate abrasive loads and only periodically used their anterior teeth as tools for non-diet related behaviors.

  10. The level of compressive load affects conclusions from statistical analyses to determine whether a lateral meniscal autograft restores tibial contact pressure to normal: a study in human cadaveric knees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arthur Huang; M. L. Hull; Stephen M. Howell

    2003-01-01

    This study addressed the question of whether the level of compressive load would affect the conclusions from statistical analyses aimed at determining how well a lateral meniscal autograft restores tibial contact (as indicated by the maximum contact pressure, mean pressure, and contact area) to that of the intact knee. If statistical analyses indicated that normal tibial contact was not restored

  11. Is There a Role for High Tibial Osteotomies in the Athlete?

    PubMed Central

    Warme, Bryan August; Aalderink, Kristopher; Amendola, Annunziato

    2011-01-01

    Context: The use of high tibial osteotomies (HTOs) in elite and professional athletes has been slow to gain acceptance by both the athlete and the surgeon because it is generally thought that return to competitive sports will be unlikely. Conversely, HTOs have been used extensively and effectively in managing degenerative knee arthrosis in the less active recreational patient with varus deformity who wishes to maintain activity and delay the need for knee arthroplasty. Unfortunately, situations arise where elite athletes develop debilitating pain secondary to malalignment that prevents them from participation, at which time corrective osteotomy may be indicated. Return to sport is not necessarily the goal of osteotomy surgery, but success with correction may allow the athlete to return to high-level activity. Return to elite competition is not the singular goal of HTO in the athlete; however, if the surgery is successful, then consideration can be given to return to play. Evidence Acquisition: Despite an extensive literature on return to elite competition after many orthopaedic procedures, there are relatively few data following osteotomies. Results: With expanded indications, osteotomies have become increasingly popular in young patients with malalignment and arthrosis. In addition to addressing malalignment and degenerative processes, HTO can be used in elite athletes in combination with knee reconstructive procedures to address articular defects, meniscal deficiency, and instability, thereby optimizing knee function. Conclusion: When performed with the proper indications in competitive athletes, HTO can result in unloading of joint resurfacing procedures, pain reduction, increased functional stability, and restored joint mechanics. Furthermore, as performed in select elite athletes, HTO realignment may not only result in return to play but also improve function and possibly prolong competition at a high level. PMID:23015992

  12. Endovascular intervention for tibial artery occlusive disease in patients with critical limb ischemia.

    PubMed

    Huang, Zhen S; Schneider, Darren B

    2014-03-01

    Surgical bypass has traditionally been the gold standard for treating critical limb ischemia caused by isolated infrapopliteal arterial disease (IP CLI). However, as endovascular techniques continue to progress, they are increasingly applied to this patient population, especially to the high-risk surgical cohort or patients with limited surgical options. This enthusiasm to employ endovascular interventions in IP CLI is accompanied by persistent controversies, as demonstrated in the recent literature. Percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty has been the predominant endovascular intervention applied to treat IP CLI and recent literature supports its role. The durability of percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty is limited, and thus this intervention is recommended for high-risk patients with limited life expectancy. Bare-metal stents for IP CLI currently do not have supportive data to warrant their use as a primary treatment. Newer drug-eluting stents improve patency and prevent restenosis, but they do not significantly improve patient clinical status compared with bare-metal stents alone. Drug-coated balloons are still relatively new tools in this arena and evidence of their safety and clear efficacy are still lacking. The data on atherectomy, in all of its forms, for IP CLI are overall variable, without any clear benefit to justify its increased complication risks and costs over other modalities. Use of retrograde tibial/pedal access for treating IP CLI as a viable alternative to antegrade access and treatment from a totally retrograde approach has recently been described. Level I evidence to aid in clarifying the true efficacy for each of these endovascular modalities is greatly needed. As we await these data, we must remember that, as with any arterial intervention, proper patient selection is extremely important and the intervention, whether endovascular or open surgical repair, should be tailored to the individual patient's anatomy and disease characteristics. PMID:25812758

  13. Medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy with posterior tibial tendon reconstruction for the flexible flatfoot with symptomatic accessory navicular.

    PubMed

    Cao, Hong-Hui; Tang, Kang-Lai; Lu, Wei-Zhong; Xu, Jian-Zhong

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the clinical outcomes after medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy with reconstruction of the posterior tibial tendon insertion on the navicular, in patients with flexible flatfoot with accessory navicular symptoms. From December 2008 to July 2011, 16 patients (21 feet) with a flexible flatfoot, symptomatic accessory navicular, and obvious heel valgus underwent medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy and reconstruction with posterior tibial tendon insertion on the navicular bone. The patients were evaluated preoperatively, 6 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively, and every 6 months thereafter. The clinical examination was undertaken using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle and midfoot scores. The radiologic assessments included the arch height, calcaneus inclination angle, talocalcaneal angle, and talar first metatarsal angle on the lateral weightbearing radiograph. The talocalcaneal angle and talar first metatarsal angle was assessed on the anteroposterior view of the weightbearing foot. Heel valgus alignment was assessed on the axial hindfoot radiographs. The mean follow-up duration was 28.5 months (range 18 to 48). All patients were satisfied with the clinical results and were pain free 6 months postoperatively. No cases of wound infection or nerve injury developed. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score improved from 53.3 ± 6.5 to 90.8 ± 1.4 at the last follow-up visit (p < .01). The improvements in all radiographic parameters were statistically significant between the preoperative and last follow-up examinations (p < .01). The heel valgus of all patients was corrected. Our results have shown that medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy with reconstruction of the posterior tibial tendon insertion on the navicular bone is an effective treatment of flexible flatfoot with symptomatic accessory navicular, associated with excellent clinical outcomes and correction of the deformity. PMID:24856662

  14. 75% success rate after open debridement, exchange of tibial insert, and antibiotics in knee prosthetic joint infections.

    PubMed

    Holmberg, Anna; Thórhallsdóttir, Valdís Gudrún; Robertsson, Otto; W-Dahl, Annette; Stefánsdóttir, Anna

    2015-08-01

    Background and purpose - Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a leading cause of early revision after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Open debridement with exchange of tibial insert allows treatment of infection with retention of fixed components. We investigated the success rate of this procedure in the treatment of knee PJIs in a nationwide material, and determined whether the results were affected by microbiology, antibiotic treatment, or timing of debridement. Patients and methods - 145 primary TKAs revised for the first time, due to infection, with debridement and exchange of the tibial insert were identified in the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register (SKAR). Staphylococcus aureus was the most common pathogen (37%) followed by coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) (23%). Failure was defined as death before the end of antibiotic treatment, revision of major components due to infection, life-long antibiotic treatment, or chronic infection. Results - The overall healing rate was 75%. The type of infecting pathogen did not statistically significantly affect outcome. Staphylococcal infections treated without a combination of antibiotics including rifampin had a higher failure rate than those treated with rifampin (RR = 4, 95% CI: 2-10). In the 16 cases with more than 3 weeks of symptoms before treatment, the healing rate was 62%, as compared to 77% in the other cases (p = 0.2). The few patients with a revision model of prosthesis at primary operation had a high failure rate (5 of 8). Interpretation - Good results can be achieved by open debridement with exchange of tibial insert. It is important to use an antibiotic combination including rifampin in staphylococcal infections. PMID:25753311

  15. Traditional and alert hypnotic phenomena: development through anteriorization.

    PubMed

    Wark, David M

    2015-01-01

    Modern research techniques show that hypnotic induction involves behavioral and cognitive inhibition as components of many hypnotic phenomena. One standard laboratory technique for measuring cognitive inhibition is the Go/NoGo procedure. The procedure moves the average, or centroid, of electroencephalography signals toward the frontal, or anterior, part of the brain. This process, called anteriorization, produces a shift in the emotional and cognitive signals from the anterior cingulate cortex. This has implications for both the scientific understanding and clinical use of hypnosis. PMID:25928678

  16. Extraosseous chondroma of anterior neck in pediatric patient.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, Ryoukichi; Tateda, Masaru; Okoshi, Akira; Morita, Shinkichi; Hashimoto, Sho

    2015-08-01

    Extraosseous chondroma (EC) is uncommon soft tissue tumor composed of hyaline cartilage without connection to bone or periosteum. The frequent sites of EC are the hands and feet and rarely reported in the pediatric population and anterior neck lesion. We present an extremely rare case of anterior neck mass in a 5-year-old male who underwent total resection, with the final diagnosis of EC. The review of the literature showed that all cases of EC in anterior neck lesion have been found in young age and preoperative diagnosis was difficult. PMID:26104481

  17. The evaluation of secretion volume and immunoglobulin A and G concentrations in sow colostrum from anterior to posterior teats.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, Shohei; Tsukahara, Takamitsu; Tsuruta, Takeshi; Nishibayashi, Ryoichiro; Okutani, Mie; Nakatani, Masako; Higashide, Kaya; Iida, Shiori; Nakanishi, Nobuo; Ushida, Kazunari; Inoue, Ryo

    2014-06-01

    Among domestic animals, teat order is only observed in the pig. In order to achieve the healthy growth and weaning of piglets, it is important to elucidate if volume of colostrum secretion and immunoglobulin A (IgA) and IgG concentrations differ among the teats of a sow. Nine sows were used to evaluate the difference in colostrum secretion volume (CSV) and four of these sows were assessed for IgA and IgG concentrations from each teat. Samples were collected five times during 21?h following parturition. Teats were assigned anatomical locations of teat (1 to 7) from anterior to posterior. The CSV of anterior (locations 1 and 2) and middle teats (locations 3-5) was significantly higher than those of posterior teats (locations 6 and 7) throughout the experiment except for 18?h post-parturition (P?post-parturition, respectively (P?anterior teats secrete greater volumes of colostrum and that these tend to contain higher IgA and IgG than posteriors teats. PMID:24798788

  18. Trial to re-evaluate ultrasound in the treatment of tibial fractures (TRUST): a multicenter randomized pilot study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The role of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in the management of fractures remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of a definitive trial to determine the effect of LIPUS on functional and clinical outcomes in tibial fractures managed operatively. Methods We conducted a multicenter, concealed, blinded randomized trial of 51 skeletally mature adults with operatively managed tibial fractures who were treated with either LIPUS or a sham device. All participating centers were located in Canada and site investigators were orthopedic surgeons specializing in trauma surgery. The goals of our pilot study were to determine recruitment rates in individual centers, investigators’ ability to adhere to study protocol and data collection procedures, our ability to achieve close to 100% follow-up rates, and the degree to which patients were compliant with treatment. Patients were followed for one year and a committee (blinded to allocation) adjudicated all outcomes. The committee adjudicators were experienced (10 or more years in practice) orthopedic surgeons with formal research training, specializing in trauma surgery. Results Our overall rate of recruitment was approximately 0.8 patients per center per month and site investigators successfully adhered to the study protocol and procedures. Our rate of follow-up at one year was 84%. Patient compliance, measured by an internal timer in the study devices, revealed that 39 (76%) of the patients were fully compliant and 12 (24%) demonstrated a greater than 50% compliance. Based on patient feedback regarding excessive questionnaire burden, we conducted an analysis using data from another tibial fracture trial that revealed the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) dysfunction index offered no important advantages over the SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) score. No device-related adverse events were reported. Conclusions Our pilot study identified key issues that might have rendered a definitive trial unfeasible. By modifying our protocol to address these challenges we have enhanced the feasibility of a definitive trial to explore the effect of LIPUS on tibial fracture healing. Trial registration The TRUST definitive trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov on 21 April 2008 (identifier: NCT00667849). PMID:24898987

  19. Rehabilitation After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Kruse, L.M.; Gray, B.; Wright, R.W.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Rigorous rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is necessary for a successful surgical outcome. A large number of clinical trials continue to assess aspects of this rehabilitation process. Prior systematic reviews evaluated fifty-four Level-I and II clinical trials published through 2005. Methods: Eighty-five articles from 2006 to 2010 were identified utilizing multiple search engines. Twenty-nine Level-I or II studies met inclusion criteria and were evaluated with use of the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) criteria. Topics included in this review are postoperative bracing, accelerated strengthening, home-based rehabilitation, proprioception and neuromuscular training, and six miscellaneous topics investigated in single trials. Results: Bracing following ACL reconstruction remains neither necessary nor beneficial and adds to the cost of the procedure. Early return to sports needs further research. Home-based rehabilitation can be successful. Although neuromuscular interventions are not likely to be harmful to patients, they are also not likely to yield large improvements in outcomes or help patients return to sports faster. Thus, they should not be performed to the exclusion of strengthening and range-of-motion exercises. Vibration training may lead to faster and more complete proprioceptive recovery but further evidence is needed. Conclusions: Several new modalities for rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction may be helpful but should not be performed to the exclusion of range-of-motion, strengthening, and functional exercises. Accelerated rehabilitation does not appear to be harmful but further investigation of rehabilitation timing is warranted. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:23032584

  20. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Duthon, Victoria; Servien, Elvire; Neyret, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The goals of this study are to address several questions, the answers to which are key to the understanding and eventually to the prevention of this frequent source of morbidity. These questions include the following: (1) What is the natural history of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency? (2) How important is the status of the meniscus at the time of reconstruction? (3) Does ACL reconstruction prevent the development of osteoarthritis in the long term? (4) Can we predict which patients will develop osteoarthritis? (5) What can be done? Design: This study addresses the key questions above through the long-term follow-up of a cohort of patients treated with ACL reconstruction by Professor Henri Dejour in Lyon, France, supplemented with a review of the relevant literature. Results: The prevalence of osteoarthritis in ACL-deficient knees is about 40% after 15 years and close to 90% after 25 to 35 years. It remains unclear whether reconstruction of the ACL significantly reduces this risk. The status of the meniscus at the time of ACL reconstruction is a strong predictor of the risk of osteoarthritis: Patients who undergo total meniscectomy are at 2- to 10-fold increased risk of developing osteoarthritis relative to those with intact menisci. Patients showing early evidence of arthritis at short- to medium-term follow-up are at high risk for progression over subsequent years. Numerous emerging techniques may provide tools to more effectively prevent and treat osteoarthritis following ACL injury in the future. Conclusion: Osteoarthritis following ACL injury continues to be a major problem requiring further research.

  1. The Effect of Anterior Tooth Position on Trumpet Performance H.Z. CILINGIR1

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    anterior dentition and any of the performance skills. Results: Interrater reliability was excellent (>0 anterior dentition and the performance skills: flexibility (exercises a, c and avg) and articulation

  2. Foreign body reaction to a retained surgical sponge (gossypiboma) mimicking an implant associated sarcoma in a dog after a tibial plateau levelling osteotomy.

    PubMed

    Corbin, E E; Cavanaugh, R P; Fick, J L; McAbee, K P; Powers, B

    2013-01-01

    A dog was presented with the complaint of an acute onset left pelvic limb lameness three years after a right tibial plateau levelling osteotomy had been performed. Radiographs taken at the time of presentation showed signs that were consistent with a diagnosis of an implant associated sarcoma. At revision surgery, a retained surgical sponge was identified, leading to a diagnosis of a gossypiboma. This is the first reported case of a gossypiboma as a complication of a tibial plateau levelling osteotomy surgery. PMID:23238257

  3. The anterior insular and anterior cingulate cortices in emotional processing for self-face recognition.

    PubMed

    Morita, Tomoyo; Tanabe, Hiroki C; Sasaki, Akihiro T; Shimada, Koji; Kakigi, Ryusuke; Sadato, Norihiro

    2014-05-01

    Individuals can experience embarrassment when exposed to self-feedback images, depending on the extent of the divergence from the internal representation of the standard self. Our previous work implicated the anterior insular cortex (AI) and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in the processing of embarrassment; however, their exact functional contributions have remained uncertain. Here, we explored the effects of being observed by others while viewing self-face images on the extent of embarrassment, and the activation and connectivity patterns in the AI and ACC. We conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging hyperscanning in pairs of healthy participants using an interaction system that allowed an individual to be observed by a partner in real time. Being observed increased the extent of embarrassment reported when viewing self-face images; a corresponding increase in self-related activity in the right AI suggested that this region played a direct role in the subjective experience. Being observed also increased the functional connectivity between the caudal ACC and prefrontal regions, which are involved in processing the reflective self. The ACC might therefore serve as a hub, integrating information about the reflective self that is used in evaluating perceptual self-face images. PMID:23377900

  4. The anterior insular and anterior cingulate cortices in emotional processing for self-face recognition

    PubMed Central

    Morita, Tomoyo; Tanabe, Hiroki C.; Sasaki, Akihiro T.; Shimada, Koji; Kakigi, Ryusuke

    2014-01-01

    Individuals can experience embarrassment when exposed to self-feedback images, depending on the extent of the divergence from the internal representation of the standard self. Our previous work implicated the anterior insular cortex (AI) and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in the processing of embarrassment; however, their exact functional contributions have remained uncertain. Here, we explored the effects of being observed by others while viewing self-face images on the extent of embarrassment, and the activation and connectivity patterns in the AI and ACC. We conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging hyperscanning in pairs of healthy participants using an interaction system that allowed an individual to be observed by a partner in real time. Being observed increased the extent of embarrassment reported when viewing self-face images; a corresponding increase in self-related activity in the right AI suggested that this region played a direct role in the subjective experience. Being observed also increased the functional connectivity between the caudal ACC and prefrontal regions, which are involved in processing the reflective self. The ACC might therefore serve as a hub, integrating information about the reflective self that is used in evaluating perceptual self-face images. PMID:23377900

  5. Surgical Management of Pseudophakic Malignant Glaucoma via Anterior Segment-Peripheral Iridectomy Capsulo-Hyaloidectomy and Anterior Vitrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Basgil Pasaoglu, Is?l; Altan, Cigdem; Bayraktar, Sukru; Satana, Banu; Basarir, Berna

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. To describe our surgical technique in the management of pseudophakic malignant glaucoma refractory to conventional treatment. Methods. Two pseudophakic eyes with malignant glaucoma underwent peripheral iridectomy, lens capsulectomy, hyaloidectomy, and anterior vitrectomy through a clear corneal incision by using a vitreous cutter. Results. Prompt resolution of malignant glaucoma was achieved in both cases and no recurrence was observed during postoperative followup of five months. Conclusions. An anterior segment surgeon can treat pseudophakic malignant glaucoma successfully by using a vitreous cutter inserted through a corneal incision and performing peripheral iridectomy, capsulo-hyaloidectomy, and anterior vitrectomy. PMID:23097730

  6. Design of a novel anterior cruciate ligament prosthesis

    E-print Network

    Talei Franzesi, Giovanni

    2006-01-01

    Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are extremely common (approximately 100,000 every year in the US) and result in greatly reduced mobility; although several surgical procedures have been devised to address ...

  7. Sildenafil-associated nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard D Pomeranz; Kyle H Smith; William M Hart; Robert A Egan

    2002-01-01

    PurposeTo describe the clinical features of five patients who developed nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) after ingestion of sildenafil citrate (Viagra; Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY).

  8. Unique advantage of gonioscopy for viewing an anterior pyramidal cataract.

    PubMed

    Bitton, Etty

    2001-11-01

    Anterior polar cataracts (APC) are a relatively rare but well-documented form of congenital cataract. Occasionally, these white disc-shaped opacities protrude towards the anterior chamber with an inverse cone-like morphology and are known as anterior pyramidal cataracts. These represent three to four per cent of all types of congenital cataracts. APCs portray a dominant mode of inheritance and generally do not progress over time. Due to their small size, APCs generally have little effect on vision and are simply monitored clinically. Photodocumentation of pyramidal cataracts has traditionally shown biomicroscopic views of the opacities. In addition to a review of APC, this report describes how a gonioscope offers a unique observational advantage in viewing an anterior pyramidal cataract. PMID:12366362

  9. The 5-strand hamstring graft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Lee, Rushyuan Jay; Ganley, Theodore J

    2014-10-01

    The use of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the pediatric and adolescent population has been increasing in recent years. Autograft hamstring graft is favored in this population, but these patients often have smaller hamstring tendons that yield smaller final graft constructs. These smaller grafts are associated with an increased need for revision surgery. We describe a technique for obtaining a larger-diameter anterior cruciate ligament graft construct from autologous hamstring graft without allograft supplementation. PMID:25473619

  10. Automatic Anterior Chamber Angle Assessment for HD-OCT Images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jing Tian; Pina Marziliano; Mani Baskaran; Hong-Tym Wong; Tin Aung

    2011-01-01

    Angle-closure glaucoma is a major blinding eye dis- ease and could be detected by measuring the anterior chamber angle in the human eyes. High-definition OCT (Cirrus HD-OCT) is an emerging noninvasive, high-speed, and high-resolution imag- ing modality for the anterior segment of the eye. Here, we propose a novel algorithm which automatically detects a new landmark, Schwalbe's line, and measures

  11. Fallibility of transthoracic needle biopsy of anterior mediastinal masses.

    PubMed Central

    Robinson, L. A.; Dobson, J. R.; Bierman, P. J.

    1995-01-01

    Percutaneous transthoracic core needle biopsy has been advocated as a highly accurate technique for the diagnosis of anterior mediastinal masses. A patient is described with a large anterior mediastinal mass in whom the diagnosis of mediastinal carcinoid tumour was made by transthoracic core needle biopsy. At definitive surgical resection the tumour proved to be a B cell lymphoma. This case illustrates one of the important limitations of needle biopsy with its potential for sampling error. Images PMID:7491564

  12. Frontosphenoid synostosis: an unusual cause of anterior plagiocephaly.

    PubMed

    Bot, Gyang; Leshem, David; Shiran, Shelly I; Ben-Shachar, Shay; Constantini, Shlomi; Roth, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Nonpositional anterior plagiocephaly results commonly from unilateral coronal craniosynostosis. We present 2 patients of a rare cause of anterior plagiocephaly known as frontosphenoid synostosis. This condition is characterized by the absence of a harlequin eye (or the harlequin sign on computed tomography), which is usually present in unilateral coronal synostosis. We also observed no reduction in the ear-eye distance, which can distinguish it from coronal craniosynostosis. PMID:25469893

  13. Four year experience with the AO Anterior Thoracolumbar Locking Plate.

    PubMed

    Thalgott, J S; Kabins, M B; Timlin, M; Fritts, K; Giuffre, J M

    1997-05-01

    For decades spinal surgeons have attempted to design simple, single stage anterior internal fixation systems for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Early devices presented both biomechanical and technical problems. The AO Anterior Thoracolumbar Locking Plate (ATLP) was designed to solve some of the problems encountered with early anterior instrumentation. The ATLP system is constructed in Commercially Pure titanium. It is a low profile device indicated for use for unstable burst fractures in the anterior column; metastatic tumor management; and degenerative diseases of the thoracolumbar spine between levels T10 and L5. Implantation of the device involves direct anterior decompression with sagittal reduction and corpectomy. This is followed by grafting reconstruction, and plate fixation. This device has been implanted in 25 patients with an average follow-up of 38 months. There were five (5) broken screws in three (3) patients, and no broken plates. Implant related postoperative complications included two misplaced screws. Preliminary results indicate that the ATLP system seems to be a safe, low profile, MRI/CT compatible device that provides definitive single stage fixation of the anterior spinal column. PMID:9160452

  14. Passive biaxial mechanical properties and in vivo axial pre-stretch of the diseased human femoropopliteal and tibial arteries.

    PubMed

    Kamenskiy, Alexey V; Pipinos, Iraklis I; Dzenis, Yuris A; Lomneth, Carol S; Kazmi, Syed A Jaffar; Phillips, Nicholas Y; MacTaggart, Jason N

    2014-03-01

    Surgical and interventional therapies for atherosclerotic lesions of the infrainguinal arteries are notorious for high rates of failure. Frequently, this leads to expensive reinterventions, return of disabling symptoms or limb loss. Interaction between the artery and repair material likely plays an important role in reconstruction failure, but data describing the mechanical properties and functional characteristics of human femoropopliteal and tibial arteries are currently not available. Diseased superficial femoral (SFA, n = 10), popliteal (PA, n = 8) and tibial arteries (TA, n = 3) from 10 patients with critical limb ischemia were tested to determine passive mechanical properties using planar biaxial extension. All specimens exhibited large nonlinear deformations and anisotropy. Under equibiaxial loading, all arteries were stiffer in the circumferential direction than in the longitudinal direction. Anisotropy and longitudinal compliance decreased distally, but circumferential compliance increased, possibly to maintain a homeostatic multiaxial stress state. Constitutive parameters for a four-fiber family invariant-based model were determined for all tissues to calculate in vivo axial pre-stretch that allows the artery to function in the most energy efficient manner while also preventing buckling during extremity flexion. Calculated axial pre-stretch was found to decrease with age, disease severity and more distal arterial location. Histological analysis of the femoropopliteal artery demonstrated a distinct sub-adventitial layer of longitudinal elastin fibers that appeared thicker in healthier arteries. The femoropopliteal artery characteristics and properties determined in this study may assist in devising better diagnostic and treatment modalities for patients with peripheral arterial disease. PMID:24370640

  15. An in vitro biomechanical investigation of an interlocking nail for fixation of diaphyseal tibial fractures in adult horses.

    PubMed

    McDuffee, L A; Stover, S M; Taylor, K T; Les, C M

    1994-01-01

    The compressive, bending and torsional mechanical properties of osteotomized adult equine tibiae stabilized with an interlocking intramedullary nail (nail-tibia composite) were compared with those of intact tibiae to determine the clinical applicability of the the nail for repair of tibial fractures in adult horses. The mean yield load, failure load, and stiffness for the nail-tibia composites were significantly less (P < .05) than those for the intact tibiae in all loading configurations. The mean compressive yield load for the nail-tibia composites was greater than the compressive load calculated from previously reported in vivo data for walking and trotting, and was equal to the load calculated for recovery from anesthesia. The mean yield bending moment for the nail-tibia composites was greater than the bending moment previously calculated for standing, walking, and recovery from anesthesia. The mean torsional yield load for the nail-tibia composites was less than the torsional load determined for the walk from another in vivo study. The design of the interlocking nail evaluated in the present study should be modified to increase torsional and compressive yield strengths and torsional stiffness before reasonable success could be expected for the treatment of adult equine tibial fractures. PMID:8091624

  16. Comparative study of single lateral locked plating versus double plating in type C bicondylar tibial plateau fractures

    PubMed Central

    Neogi, Devdatta Suhas; Trikha, Vivek; Mishra, Kaushal Kant; Bandekar, Shivanand M.; Yadav, Chandra Shekhar

    2015-01-01

    Background: Bicondylar tibial plateau fractures are complex injuries and treatment is challenging. Ideal method is still controversial with risk of unsatisfactory results if not treated properly. Many different techniques of internal and external fixation are used. This study compares the clinical results in single locked plating versus dual plating (DP) using two incision approaches. Our hypothesis was that DP leads to less collapse and change in alignment at final followup compared with single plating. Materials and Methods: 61 cases of Type C tibial plateau fractures operated between January 2007 and June 2011 were included in this prospective study. All cases were operated either by single lateral locked plate by anterolateral approach or double plating through double incision. All cases were followed for a minimum of 24 months radiologically and clinically. The statistical analysis was performed using software SPSS 10.0 to analyze the data. Results: Twenty nine patients in a single lateral locked plate and 32 patients in a double plating group were followed for minimum 2 years. All fractures healed, however there was a significant incidence of malalignment in the single lateral plating group. Though there was a significant increase in soft tissue issues with the double plating group; however, there was only 3.12% incidence of deep infection. There was no significant difference in Hospital for special surgery score at 2 years followup. Conclusion: Double plating through two incisions resulted in a better limb alignment and joint reduction with an acceptable soft tissue complication rate. PMID:26015609

  17. The Capability of Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors to Measure Amputees' Trans-Tibial Stump/Socket Interface Pressures

    PubMed Central

    Al-Fakih, Ebrahim A.; Abu Osman, Noor Azuan; Eshraghi, Arezoo; Adikan, Faisal Rafiq Mahamd

    2013-01-01

    This study presents the first investigation into the capability of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors to measure interface pressure between the stump and the prosthetic sockets of a trans-tibial amputee. FBG element(s) were recoated with and embedded in a thin layer of epoxy material to form a sensing pad, which was in turn embedded in a silicone polymer material to form a pressure sensor. The sensor was tested in real time by inserting a heavy-duty balloon into the socket and inflating it by using an air compressor. This test was conducted to examine the sensitivity and repeatability of the sensor when subjected to pressure from the stump of the trans-tibial amputee and to mimic the actual environment of the amputee's Patellar Tendon (PT) bar. The sensor exhibited a sensitivity of 127 pm/N and a maximum FSO hysteresis of around ?0.09 in real-time operation. Very good reliability was achieved when the sensor was utilized for in situ measurements. This study may lead to smart FBG-based amputee stump/socket structures for pressure monitoring in amputee socket systems, which will result in better-designed prosthetic sockets that ensure improved patient satisfaction. PMID:23941909

  18. No effect of the infiltration of local anaesthetic for total hip arthroplasty using an anterior approach: A randomised placebo controlled trial.

    PubMed

    den Hartog, Y M; Mathijssen, N M C; van Dasselaar, N T; Langendijk, P N J; Vehmeijer, S B W

    2015-06-01

    Only limited data are available regarding the infiltration of local anaesthetic for total hip arthroplasty (THA), and no studies were performed for THA using the anterior approach. In this prospective, randomised placebo-controlled study we investigated the effect of both standard and reverse infiltration of local anaesthetic in combination with the anterior approach for THA. The primary endpoint was the mean numeric rating score for pain four hours post-operatively. In addition, we recorded the length of hospital stay, the operating time, the destination of the patient at discharge, the use of pain medication, the occurrence of side effects and pain scores at various times post-operatively. Between November 2012 and January 2014, 75 patients were included in the study. They were randomised into three groups: standard infiltration of local anaesthetic, reversed infiltration of local anaesthetic, and placebo. There was no difference in mean numeric rating score for pain four hours post-operatively (p = 0.87). There were significantly more side effects at one and eight hours post-operatively in the placebo group (p = 0.02; p = 0.03), but this did not influence the mobilisation of the patients. There were no differences in all other outcomes between the groups. We found no clinically relevant effect when the infiltration of local anaesthetic with ropivacaine and epinephrine was used in a multimodal pain protocol for THA using the anterior approach. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015; 97-B:734-40. PMID:26033051

  19. A Model of Implant-Associated Infection in the Tibial Metaphysis of Rats

    PubMed Central

    Haenle, Maximilian; Zietz, Carmen; Arndt, Kathleen; Vetter, Anika; Mittelmeier, Wolfram; Podbielski, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    Objective. Implant-associated infections remain serious complications in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. A main scientific focus has thus been drawn to the development of anti-infective implant coatings. Animal models of implant-associated infections are considered helpful in the in vivo testing of new anti-infective implant coatings. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a novel animal model for generation of implant-associated infections in the tibial metaphysis of rats. Materials and Methods. A custom-made conical implant made of Ti6Al4V was inserted bilaterally at the medial proximal tibia of 26 female Sprague-Dawley rats. Staphylococcus aureus in amounts spanning four orders of magnitude and each suspended in 15??l phosphate buffered saline (PBS) was inoculated into the inner cavity of the implant after the implantation into the defined position. Controls were treated accordingly with PBS alone. Animals were then followed for six weeks until sacrifice. Implant-associated infection was evaluated by microbiological investigation using swabs and determination of viable bacteria in the bone around the implant and the biofilm on the implants after sonification. Results. Irrespective of the initial inoculum, all animals in the various groups harbored viable bacteria in the intraoperative swabs as well as the sonication fluid of the implant and the bone samples. No correlation could be established between initially inoculated CFU and population sizes on implant surfaces at sacrifice. However, a significantly higher viable count was observed from peri-implant bone samples for animals inoculated with 106?CFU. Macroscopic signs of animal infection (pus and abscess formation) were only observed for implants inoculated with at least 105?CFU S. aureus. Discussion/Conclusion. The results demonstrate the feasibility of this novel animal model to induce an implant-associated infection in the metaphysis of rats, even with comparatively low bacterial inocula. The specific design of the implant allows an application of bacteria in reproducible numbers at well-defined contact sites to the animal bone. PMID:24381519

  20. The Lumbar Anterior Epidural Cavity: The Posterior Longitudinal Ligament, the Anterior Ligaments of the Dura Mater and the Anterior Internal Vertebral Venous Plexus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Plaisant; J. L. Sarrazin; G. Cosnard; H. Schill; C. Gillot

    1996-01-01

    The contents of the anterior epidural cavity were studied to elucidate the relationship between veins, ligaments, and membranous formations. Anatomical, radiological and histological studies on human specimens after latex or gelatin\\/ gadolinium venous injection at the level of the lumbar spine show that the posterior longitudinal ligament is a cross-shaped formation which includes the septum, the superficial part extending into

  1. Clinical measurement of normal and shear stresses on a trans-tibial stump: characteristics of wave-form shapes during walking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. SANDERS; C. H. DALY; E. M. BURGESS

    1993-01-01

    Stresses on the surface of a stump within a prosthetic socket during walking can potentially traumatise stump tissues. To gain insight into stresses and design parameters that affect them, normal and shear interface stresses were measured on three unilateral trans-tibial amputee subjects during walking trials. During stance phase repeated characteristics in wave-form shapes from different subjects were apparent. They included

  2. Cool excimer laser-assisted angioplasty (CELA) and tibial balloon angioplasty (TBA) in management of infragenicular arterial occlusion in critical lower limb ischemia (CLI).

    PubMed

    Sultan, Sherif; Tawfick, Wael; Hynes, Niamh

    2013-04-01

    We aim to compare cool excimer laser-assisted angioplasty (CELA) versus tibial balloon angioplasty (TBA) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) with tibial artery occlusive disease. The primary end point is sustained clinical improvement (SCI) and amputation-free survival (AFS). The secondary end points are binary restenosis, target extremity revascularization (TER), and cost-effectiveness. From June 2005 to October 2010, 1506 patients were referred with peripheral vascular disease and 572 with CLI. A total of 80 patients underwent 89 endovascular revascularizations (EVRs) for tibial occlusions, 47 using TBA and 42 using CELA. All patients were Rutherford category 4 to 6. Three-year SCI was enhanced with CELA (81%) compared to TBA (63.8%; P = .013). Three-year AFS significantly improved with CELA (95.2%) versus TBA (89.4%; P = .0165). Three-year freedom from TER was significantly improved with CELA (92.9%) versus 78.7% TBA (P = .026). Three-year freedom from MACE was comparable in both the groups (P = .455). Patients with CELA had significantly improved quality time without symptoms of disease or toxicity of treatment (Q-TWiST) at 3 years (10.5 months; P = .048) with incremental cost of €2073.19 per quality-adjusted life year gained. Tibial EVR provides exceptional outcome in CLI. The CELA has superior SCI, AFS, and freedom from TER, with improved Q-TWiST and cost-effectiveness. PMID:23448976

  3. Anatomical Single-bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Freehand Transtibial Technique

    PubMed Central

    Nha, Kyung-Wook; Han, Jae-Hwi; Kwon, Jae-Ho; Kang, Kyung-Woon; Park, Hyung-Joon

    2015-01-01

    Purpose In anatomical single-bundle (SB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the traditional transtibial approach can limit anatomical placement of the femoral tunnel. Surgical Technique We present a novel three-point freehand technique that allows for anatomic SB ACL reconstruction with the transtibial technique. Materials and Methods Between January 2012 and December 2012, 55 ACL reconstructions were performed using the three-point freehand technique. All the patients were followed for a minimum of 12 months post-operatively. Clinical evaluation was done using the Lysholm score and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) grade. All patients were analyzed by 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) at 1 week after surgery. Results The mean Lysholm score improved from 68.2±12.7 points preoperatively to 89.2±8.2 points at final follow-up. At final follow-up, the IKDC grade was normal in 42 patients and nearly normal in 13 patients. None of the patients had a positive pivot shift test, anterior drawer test and Lachman test at final follow-up. The anatomical position of the femoral tunnel was confirmed on 3D CT scans. Conclusions The three-point freehand technique for SB transtibial ACL reconstruction is a simple, anatomic technique showing good clinical results.

  4. Journal of Biomechanics 40 (2007) 37253731 Anterior hip joint force increases with hip extension, decreased gluteal

    E-print Network

    Moran, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    . Morand a Human Neuromechanics Laboratory, Division of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, 401 Washtenaw to anterior hip forces. Increased anterior gliding of the femoral head is proposed to result from weakness anterior glide. Distance runners may be particularly at risk for increased anterior gliding due

  5. Arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with bone-patellar tendon-bone allograft or autograft. A prospective study with an average follow up of 4 years.

    PubMed

    Kleipool, A E; Zijl, J A; Willems, W J

    1998-01-01

    A prospective study was performed with 36 patients who underwent an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with the use of a fresh-frozen bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) allograft. A group of 26 patients who underwent the same operation conducted by the same surgeon in the same period but with the use of an autograft BPTB served as controls. The average follow-up was 46 (range 30-64) months in the allograft group and 52 (range 42-74) months in the autograft group. The allograft group consisted of 17 men and 19 women with a mean age of 28 years (mean trauma to reconstruction interval was 55 months). The autograft group consisted of 9 men and 17 women with a mean age of 28 years (mean trauma to reconstruction interval was 30 months). Clinical and functional evaluation was performed according to the IKDC guidelines. Analysis of tibial tunnel placement with respect to the Blumenstaat line on a lateral radiograph with the knee in hyperextension was done in relation to an extension deficit and clinical score. In the autograft group 18 (70%) patients had a normal or nearly normal knee and 8, a fair result. In the allograft group 30 (85%) patients had a normal or nearly normal knee, 5 (13%) patients had a fair result, and one (2%) knee was poor. The difference between the two groups was not significant. The allograft BPTB is a good alternative graft in ACL reconstruction. PMID:9826804

  6. Outcome of combined unicompartmental knee replacement and combined or sequential anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a study of 52 cases with mean follow-up of five years.

    PubMed

    Weston-Simons, J S; Pandit, H; Jenkins, C; Jackson, W F M; Price, A J; Gill, H S; Dodd, C A F; Murray, D W

    2012-09-01

    The Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is an established treatment option in the management of symptomatic end-stage medial compartmental osteoarthritis (MCOA), which works well in the young and active patient. However, previous studies have shown that it is reliable only in the presence of a functionally intact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). This review reports the outcomes, at a mean of five years and a maximum of ten years, of 52 consecutive patients with a mean age of 51 years (36 to 57) who underwent staged or simultaneous ACL reconstruction and Oxford UKR. At the last follow-up (with one patient lost to follow-up), the mean Oxford knee score was 41 (sd 6.3; 17 to 48). Two patients required conversion to TKR: one for progression of lateral compartment osteoarthritis and one for infection. Implant survival at five years was 93% (95% CI 83 to 100). All but one patient reported being satisfied with the procedure. The outcome was not significantly influenced by age, gender, femoral or tibial tunnel placement, or whether the procedure was undertaken at one- or two-stages. In summary, ACL reconstruction and Oxford UKR gives good results in patients with end-stage MCOA secondary to ACL deficiency. PMID:22933493

  7. Recurrent non-tuberculous mycobacterial keratitis after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty for keratoconus.

    PubMed

    Murthy, Somasheila I; Jain, Rajat; Swarup, Rishi; Sangwan, Virender S

    2013-01-01

    A 26-year-old farmer underwent deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) for keratoconus. After 3 months, he presented with interface keratitis. Medical treatment failed and he underwent a repeat DALK. Microbiological scrapings from the interface revealed an infection caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Despite the use of intensive antibiotic therapy and a repeat lamellar keratoplasty, the infiltrates recurred. The patient underwent therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty. Microbiology of the corneal tissue revealed growth of Mycobacterium chelonae, and on histopathology, the acid-fast bacilli were noted to be located deep at the pre-Descemet level. There was complete resolution of the infection with no episodes of recurrence and final best-corrected visual acuity was 20/40 at 1 year of follow-up. Medical therapy is unlikely to succeed in post-DALK interface keratitis and penetrating rather than lamellar keratoplasty may be considered the surgery of choice. PMID:24136909

  8. Late onset seroma post-thymectomy presenting as cardiac tamponade

    PubMed Central

    Poudel, Dilli Ram; Giri, Smith; Pathak, Ranjan; Morsey, Mohamed; Alsafwah, Shadwan

    2015-01-01

    Late onset seroma is a rare post-operative complication occurring after various surgeries including thymectomy. Most cases are asymptomatic; however, seromas occurring in the mediastinal cavity may cause compression symptoms including airway compression or cardiac tamponade. We present a 62-year-old male with a history of thymectomy for myasthenia gravis who presented with cardiac tamponade several years ago. Further evaluation revealed a late onset seroma anteriorly compressing the cardiac chambers resulting in tamponade physiology. PMID:26091658

  9. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in adolescents with open physes.

    PubMed

    Aronowitz, E R; Ganley, T J; Goode, J R; Gregg, J R; Meyer, J S

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions performed in adolescents with open physes and a skeletal age of at least 14 years. At one center, from 1992 to 1996, 19 adolescents (ages, 11 to 15 years) with open physes and a skeletal age of at least 14 years underwent arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using an Achilles tendon allograft placed through drill holes across the open physes in both the distal femur and proximal tibia. Fifteen patients returned for reevaluation at an average of 25 months postoperatively (range, 12 to 60 months); the remaining four patients were interviewed by telephone. There were no significant leg-length discrepancies or angular deformities as determined by scanograms and anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the femur and tibia. The mean Lysholm knee score was 97 (range, 94 to 100) and the mean KT-1000 arthrometer side-to-side difference at 20 pounds of anterior force was 1.7 mm (range, 0.0 to 3.0). All patients were satisfied with the results of surgery, and 16 of 19 patients returned to the same sport they were participating in before the injury. This study demonstrates that anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using an Achilles tendon allograft is a viable treatment option for skeletally immature patients with a skeletal age of 14 years who have sustained midsubstance tears of the anterior cruciate ligament. PMID:10750992

  10. Ophthalmohelioses and peripheral light focusing by the anterior eye

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coroneo, Minas T.

    1994-07-01

    A coincidence of the locations of foci of scattered light in the anterior eye with the usual locations of common sun-related eye conditions has been observed. These phenomena may explain the pathogenesis of pterygium and the initial location of certain cortical lens opacities and eyelid malignancies. Human and bovine eyes were used to demonstrate that the anterior eye acts as a side-on lens system. Light incident at the temporal limbus can be concentrated at the nasal limbus or beyond or at the nasal crystalline lens equator. The main pathways of light are transcameral and this is demonstrated by the use of baffles. Although this phenomenon is obvious with visible light, focusing of light at 308nm can be demonstrated. Computer-assisted optical ray tracing in a standard human anterior segment model showed that the peak intensity at the distal limbus is approximately twenty times that of the incident light intensity. The degree of limbal focusing is determined by corneal shape and anterior chamber depth. Such light focusing may be particularly injurious to corneal and lenticular epithelial stem cells. These observations provide circumstantial evidence that peripheral refraction phenomena are involved in the pathogenesis of the anterior ophthalmohelioses. Adequate lateral protection of the eye from increasing ultraviolet insolation may be prudent.

  11. Arthroscopic Bone Graft Procedure for Anterior Inferior Glenohumeral Instability

    PubMed Central

    Taverna, Ettore; D'Ambrosi, Riccardo; Perfetti, Carlo; Garavaglia, Guido

    2014-01-01

    There are many described surgical techniques for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Numerous authors have performed anterior bone block procedures with good results for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability with glenoid bone loss. The benefits of using arthroscopic procedures for surgical stabilization of the shoulder include smaller incisions with less soft-tissue dissection, better visualization of the joint, better repair accessibility, and the best possible outcome for external rotation. We describe an arthroscopic anteroinferior shoulder stabilization technique with an iliac crest tricortical bone graft and capsulolabral reconstruction. It is an all-arthroscopic technique with the advantage of not using fixation devices, such as screws, but instead using special buttons to fix the bone graft. The steps of the operation are as follows: precise placement of a specific posterior glenoid guide that allows the accurate positioning of the bone graft on the anterior glenoid neck; fixation of the graft flush with the anterior glenoid rim using specific buttons under arthroscopic control; and finally, subsequent capsular, labral, and ligament reconstruction on the glenoid rim using suture anchors and leaving the graft as an extra-articular structure. PMID:25685669

  12. Aphakia Correction by Injection of Foldable Intra Ocular Lens in The Anterior Chamber

    PubMed Central

    Giles, Kagmeni; Ernest, Moukouri; Christelle, Domngang; Georges, Nguefack-Tsague; Raoul, Cheuteu; Come, Ebana Mvogo; Wiedemann, Peter

    2013-01-01

    We assessed the outcomes of the use of anterior chamber foldable lens for unilateral aphakia correction at the University Teaching Hospital of Yaounde. In this retrospective, non-comparative, consecutive case series study, we reviewed the records of patients who underwent an operation for aphakia correction by the means of injection of an angular supported foldable lens between January 2009 and December 2011 in the University Teaching Hospital Yaounde. Student’s paired t-test was carried out to compare pre-operative and post-operative visual acuity (VA) and intraocular pressure (IOP). P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Twenty-one patients were included in the study; twelve were male (57.1%) and nine were female (42.9%). The mean age was 55.38 ± 17.67 years (range 9–75 years). The mean follow-up duration was 5.95 ± 3.14 months (range 2–12 months). The mean log-MAR visual acuity was 1.26 ± 0.46 pre-operatively and 0.78 ± 0.57 post-operatively (P = 0.003). The change in intraocular pressure was not statistically significant. Complications included intraocular hypertension (over 21 mmHg) in 3 patients (14.3%) and macular edema, pupillar ovalization, and retinal detachment in one patient each. The results indicate that injection of an angular support foldable lens in the anterior chamber is a useful technique for the correction of aphakia in eyes without capsular support. More extended follow-up, however, and a larger series of patients are needed to ascertain the effectiveness and safety of this procedure. PMID:24324349

  13. Experimental and finite element analysis of strains induced by axial tibial compression in young-adult and old female C57Bl/6 mice.

    PubMed

    Patel, Tarpit K; Brodt, Michael D; Silva, Matthew J

    2014-01-22

    Axial compression of the mouse tibia is used to study strain-adaptive bone (re)modeling. In some studies, comparisons between mice of different ages are of interest. We characterized the tibial deformation and force-strain relationships in female C57Bl/6 mice at 5-, 12- and 22-months age. A three-gauge experimental method was used to determine the strain distribution at the mid-diaphysis, while specimen-specific finite element analysis was used to examine strain distribution along the tibial length. The peak strains in the tibial mid-diaphyseal cross-section are compressive and occur at the postero-lateral apex. The magnitudes of these peak compressive strains are 1.5 to 2 times those on the opposite, antero-medial face (a site often used for strain gauge placement). For example, -10 N force applied to a 5-months old mouse engenders a peak compressive strain of -2800 µ? and a tensile strain on the antero-medial face of +1450 µ?. The orientation of the neutral axis at the mid-diaphysis did not differ with age (p=0.46), indicating a similar deformation mode in young and old tibiae. On the other hand, from 5- to 22-months there is a 25% reduction in cortical thickness and moment of inertia (p<0.05), resulting in significantly greater tibial strain magnitudes in older mice for equivalent applied force (p<0.05). We conclude that comparisons of tibial loading responses in young-adult and old C57Bl/6 tibiae are facilitated by similar deformation pattern across ages, but that modest adjustment of force levels is required to engender matching peak strains. PMID:24268312

  14. Load-induced changes in bone stiffness and cancellous and cortical bone mass following tibial compression diminish with age in female mice

    PubMed Central

    Main, Russell P.; Lynch, Maureen E.; van der Meulen, Marjolein C. H.

    2014-01-01

    The vertebrate skeleton is an adaptive structure that responds to mechanical stimuli by increasing bone mass under increased mechanical loads. Although experimental animal models have shown the anabolic cortical bone response to applied load decreases with age, no consensus exists regarding whether this adaptive mechanism is affected by age in cancellous bone, the tissue most impacted by age-related bone loss. We used an established murine in vivo tibial loading model to characterize the load-induced cancellous, cortical and whole-bone responses to mechanical stimuli in growing and mature female mice at 6, 10 and 16 weeks of age. The effects of applied load on tibial morphology and stiffness were determined using microcomputed tomography and in vivo bone strains measured at the medial tibial midshaft during applied loading. At all ages, 2 weeks of applied load produced larger midshaft cortical cross-sectional properties (+13–72%) and greater cancellous bone volume (+21–107%) and thicker trabeculae (+31–68%) in the proximal metaphyses of the loaded tibiae. The relative anabolic response decreased from 6 to 16 weeks of age in both the cancellous and cortical envelopes. Load-induced tibial stresses decreased more in 6-week-old mice following loading, which corresponded to increased in vivo tibial stiffness. Stiffness in the loaded tibiae of 16-week-old mice decreased despite moderately increased cortical cross-sectional geometry, suggesting load-induced changes in bone material properties. This study shows that the cancellous and cortical anabolic responses to mechanical stimuli decline with age into adulthood and that cortical cross-sectional geometry alone does not necessarily predict whole-bone functional stiffness. PMID:24577445

  15. Uncommon causes of anterior urethral diverticula in children: Two cases and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Grahame H. H.; Deshpande, Aniruddh V.; Tang, Robert W. K.

    2014-01-01

    Anterior urethral diverticula are rare in children. Anterior urethral valves and associated diverticulum is the commonly discussed pathological entity in children. There is a lack of awareness among clinicians regarding less common presentations of anterior urethral diverticula in children; which can have a diverse involvement of the urinary tract. This report describes two uncommon presentations of anterior urethral diverticula in children, their diagnoses and management. A systematic differential diagnosis and review of anterior urethral diverticula in children is also presented. PMID:24669129

  16. Human parathyroid hormone-(1-38) restores cancellous bone to the immobilized, osteopenic proximal tibial metaphysis in rats

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ma, Y. F.; Jee, W. S.; Ke, H. Z.; Lin, B. Y.; Liang, X. G.; Li, M.; Yamamoto, N.

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if human parathyroid hormone-(1-38) (hPTH(1-38)) can restore cancellous bone mass to the established osteopenic, immobilized proximal tibial metaphyses of female rats. The right hindlimbs of 6-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were immobilized by bandaging the right hindlimbs to the abdomen. After 30 days of right hindlimb immobilization, the rats were subcutaneously injected with 200 micrograms hPTH(1-38)/kg/day for 15 days (short-term treatment) or 75 days (longer-term treatment). Static bone histomorphometry was performed on the primary spongiosa, and both static and dynamic histomorphometry were performed on the secondary spongiosa of the right proximal tibial metaphyses. Immobilization for 30 days without treatment decreased trabecular bone area, number, and thickness in both primary and secondary spongiosa, and induced an increase in eroded perimeter and a decrease in tissue referent-bone formation rate in the secondary spongiosa. These changes reached a new steady state thereafter. Treatment with 200 micrograms hPTH(1-38)/kg/day for 15 days, beginning 30 days after immobilization, significantly increased trabecular bone area, thickness, and number in both primary and secondary spongiosa despite continuous immobilization when compared with controls. The short-term PTH treatment (15 days) significantly increased labeling perimeter, mineral apposition rate, and tissue referent-bone formation rate in the secondary spongiosa and stimulated longitudinal bone growth as compared with the controls. Longer PTH treatment (75 days) further increased trabecular bone area, thickness, and number as compared with controls and groups given short-term PTH treatment (15 days). The bone formation indices in the secondary spongiosa of the longer-term treated rats were lower than those of the short-term treated group, but they were still higher than those of controls. Our findings indicate that PTH treatment stimulates cancellous bone formation, and restores and adds extra cancellous bone to the established, disuse-osteopenic proximal tibial metaphysis of female rats with continuously immobilized right hindlimbs. These results suggest that PTH may be useful in treating disuse-induced osteoporosis in humans.

  17. Tibial compression is anabolic in the adult mouse skeleton despite reduced responsiveness with aging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maureen E. Lynch; Russell P. Main; Qian Xu; Thomas L. Schmicker; Mitchell B. Schaffler; Timothy M. Wright

    2011-01-01

    The ability of the skeleton to adapt to mechanical stimuli diminishes with age in diaphyseal cortical bone, making bone formation difficult for adults. However, the effect of aging on adaptation in cancellous bone, tissue which is preferentially lost with age, is not well characterized. To develop a model for early post-menopausal women and determine the effect of aging on cancellous

  18. Alterations in oligodendrocyte proteins, calcium homeostasis and new potential markers in schizophrenia anterior temporal lobe are revealed by shotgun proteome analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Martins-de-Souza; Wagner F. Gattaz; Andrea Schmitt; Christiane Rewerts; Sérgio Marangoni; José C. Novello; Giuseppina Maccarrone; Christoph W. Turck; Emmanuel Dias-Neto

    2009-01-01

    Global proteomic analysis of post-mortem anterior temporal lobe samples from schizophrenia patients and non-schizophrenia individuals was performed using stable isotope\\u000a labeling and shotgun proteomics. Our analysis resulted in the identification of 479 proteins, 37 of which showed statistically\\u000a significant differential expression. Pathways affected by differential protein expression include transport, signal transduction,\\u000a energy pathways, cell growth and maintenance and protein metabolism.

  19. Anterior open bite treated with myofunctional therapy and palatal crib.

    PubMed

    Asiry, Moshabab A

    2015-01-01

    This case report demonstrates the treatment effects of palatal crib combined with the myofunctional therapy in a child with anterior open bite (AOB) due to thumb sucking and habitual anterior and low tongue position. The patient, an 11-year-old boy, had an anterior open bite and flared and spaced upper and lower incisors. Palatal cribs in conjunction with myofunctional therapy were used to discourage sucking habit and to adapt normal tongue position. Successful correction of the AOB with adequate overjet and overbite were achieved with total treatment time of 7 months. The importance of myofunctional therapy in adopting normal tongue position and in maintaining the stability of open bite correction is emphasized. PMID:26057926

  20. A Conservative Treatment Approach to Replacing a Missing Anterior Tooth

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Kunwarjeet; Gupta, Nidhi; Unnikrishnan, Nandini; Kapoor, Vikram; Arora, Dhruv; Khinnavar, Poonam K.

    2014-01-01

    An implant-supported crown or conventionally fixed partial denture is the most common treatment modality to replace a missing anterior tooth but a more conservative approach, with a fiber reinforced composite resin FPD, can be used to replace a missing anterior tooth in young patients or when the patient does not agree for an implant, or conventional FPD or RPD therapy. It is an esthetic, conservative single sitting chairside procedure which can be used as a definitive treatment alternative in certain clinical situations for esthetic and functional replacement of a missing anterior tooth. To achieve desirable results, putty matrix was used for proper positioning of the pontic during direct fabrication of FRCFPD. PMID:25254122

  1. Cervicothoracic Spinal Epidural Hematoma after Anterior Cervical Spinal Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang-Ho

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this case report is to describe a rare case of a cervicothoracic spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) after anterior cervical spine surgery. A 60-year-old man complained of severe neck and arm pain 4 hours after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion at the C5-6 level. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a postoperative SEH extending from C1 to T4. Direct hemostasis and drainage of loculated hematoma at the C5-6 level completely improved the patient's condition. When a patient complains of severe neck and/or arm pain after anterior cervical spinal surgery, though rare, the possibility of a postoperative SEH extending to non-decompressed, adjacent levels should be considered as with our case. PMID:21430984

  2. Factors Associated With Function After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Lentz, Trevor A.; Tillman, Susan M.; Indelicato, Peter A.; Moser, Michael W.; George, Steven Z.; Chmielewski, Terese L.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Many individuals do not resume unrestricted, preinjury sports participation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, thus a better understanding of factors associated with function is needed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of knee impairment and psychological variables with function in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Hypothesis: After controlling for demographic variables, knee impairment and psychological variables contribute to function in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 4a. Methods: Fifty-eight subjects with a unilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction completed a standardized testing battery for knee impairments (range of motion, effusion, quadriceps strength, anterior knee joint laxity, and pain intensity), kinesiophobia (shortened Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia), and function (International Knee Documentation Committee subjective form and single-legged hop test). Separate 2-step regression analyses were conducted with International Knee Documentation Committee subjective form score and single-legged hop index as dependent variables. Demographic variables were entered into the model first, followed by knee impairment measures and Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia score. Results: A combination of pain intensity, quadriceps index, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia score, and flexion motion deficit contributed to the International Knee Documentation Committee subjective form score (adjusted r2 = 0.67; P < .001). Only effusion contributed to the single-legged hop index (adjusted r2 = 0.346; P = .002). Conclusion: Knee impairment and psychological variables in this study were associated with self-report of function, not a performance test. Clinical Relevance: The results support focusing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction rehabilitation on pain, knee motion deficits, and quadriceps strength, as well as indicate that kinesiophobia should be addressed. Further research is needed to reveal which clinical tests are associated with performance testing. PMID:23015854

  3. Tibial Slope is Highly Variable in Patients Undergoing Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: Analysis of 13,546 Computed Tomography Scans.

    PubMed

    Meric, Gokhan; Gracitelli, Guilherme C; Aram, Luke; Swank, Michael; Bugbee, William D

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively measure with computed tomography (CT) the posterior tibial slope (PTS) to establish the average anatomy and the incidence of outliers in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our cohort included 13,546 arthritic patients: 8241 (61%) female; 5305 (39%) male. The average PTS angle was 7.2°±3.7° (range, -5° to 25°). The average of PTS angle of the males was 7.17°±3.82° and females was 7.24°±3.57°. A significant number of patients 35.0% (4149) were identified outliers in PTS. 1568 (11.6%) patients' PTS angle was less than 4°, 2581 (19.1%) patients' PTS angle was more than 10°. These data can be useful to determine optimum techniques and methodology to perform more accurate TKA. PMID:25795234

  4. Natural occurrence of the mycotoxin fusarochromanone, a metabolite of Fusarium equiseti, in cereal feed associated with tibial dyschondroplasia.

    PubMed Central

    Krogh, P; Christensen, D H; Hald, B; Harlou, B; Larsen, C; Pedersen, E J; Thrane, U

    1989-01-01

    The mycotoxin fusarochromanone, a metabolite of Fusarium fungi, is able to induce tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) in chickens under experimental conditions. On the basis of health surveillance data on TD, two broiler farms with TD prevalence rates of up to 56% were identified. In the corresponding pelleted feed samples, fusarochromanone was detected in all 12 samples analyzed by column purification and TLC, with concentrations 4 to 59 micrograms/kg. No Fusarium fungi were available from the feed because of the pelleting process, but seven Fusarium equiseti strains previously isolated from Danish cereals were checked for fusarochromanone production, and all produced fusarochromanone at 57 to 1,435 mg/kg. Thus, the potential for fusarochromanone production by F. equiseti is considerable. The identification of fusarochromanone from feed and F. equiseti was confirmed by mass, infrared, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectral analyses. This is the first report of fusarochromanone as a naturally occurring contaminant. PMID:2619307

  5. Osteomyelitis-related sequestrum formation in association with the combination tibial plateau levelling osteotomy and cranial closing wedge osteotomy procedure.

    PubMed

    Maley, J R; Mertens, W D; Bahr, A

    2010-01-01

    A twenty-eight-month old female spayed American Bulldog was presented for evaluation of a chronic draining tract and intermittent left hindlimb lameness twenty-eight weeks after a combination tibial plateau levelling osteotomy and cranial closing wedge osteotomy (TLPO/CCWO) had been performed. The patient had developed an infection of the surgical site three weeks postoperatively. Drainage persisted despite implant removal 10 weeks postoperatively and several weeks of culture and sensitivity-directed antibiotic therapy. Twenty-eight weeks postoperatively, a sequestrum was identified on radiographs. Surgical removal of the sequestrum resulted in resolution of the drainage. While osteomyelitis is a known complication of TPLO surgery, this case represents the first described case of osteomyelitis-related sequestrum formation in association with the combined TPLO/CCWO procedure. PMID:20151084

  6. Complex Osteotomies of Tibial Plateau Malunions Using Computer-Assisted Planning and Patient-Specific Surgical Guides.

    PubMed

    Fürnstahl, Philipp; Vlachopoulos, Lazaros; Schweizer, Andreas; Fucentese, Sandro F; Koch, Peter P

    2015-08-01

    The accurate reduction of tibial plateau malunions can be challenging without guidance. In this work, we report on a novel technique that combines 3-dimensional computer-assisted planning with patient-specific surgical guides for improving reliability and accuracy of complex intraarticular corrective osteotomies. Preoperative planning based on 3-dimensional bone models was performed to simulate fragment mobilization and reduction in 3 cases. Surgical implementation of the preoperative plan using patient-specific cutting and reduction guides was evaluated; benefits and limitations of the approach were identified and discussed. The preliminary results are encouraging and show that complex, intraarticular corrective osteotomies can be accurately performed with this technique. For selective patients with complex malunions around the tibia plateau, this method might be an attractive option, with the potential to facilitate achieving the most accurate correction possible. PMID:25932528

  7. Bone regeneration of rat tibial defect by zinc-tricalcium phosphate (Zn-TCP) synthesized from porous Foraminifera carbonate macrospheres.

    PubMed

    Chou, Joshua; Hao, Jia; Kuroda, Shinji; Bishop, David; Ben-Nissan, Besim; Milthorpe, Bruce; Otsuka, Makoto

    2013-12-01

    Foraminifera carbonate exoskeleton was hydrothermally converted to biocompatible and biodegradable zinc-tricalcium phosphate (Zn-TCP) as an alternative biomimetic material for bone fracture repair. Zn-TCP samples implanted in a rat tibial defect model for eight weeks were compared with unfilled defect and beta-tricalcium phosphate showing accelerated bone regeneration compared with the control groups, with statistically significant bone mineral density and bone mineral content growth. CT images of the defect showed restoration of cancellous bone in Zn-TCP and only minimal growth in control group. Histological slices reveal bone in-growth within the pores and porous chamber of the material detailing good bone-material integration with the presence of blood vessels. These results exhibit the future potential of biomimetic Zn-TCP as bone grafts for bone fracture repair. PMID:24351911

  8. Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee involving both the medial femoral condyle and the medial tibial plateau: report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Jung, Kwang Am; Lee, Su Chan; Hwang, Seung Hyun; Kim, Duk Su; Kim, Taek Keun

    2008-08-01

    Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SPONK) usually involves a single condyle or plateau. The medial femoral condyle (MFC) is most often involved and spontaneous osteonecrosis of the medial tibial plateau (MTP) is a rare condition, representing only 2% of all necroses reported in the knee. SPONK involving both the MFC and the MTP is extremely rare. SPONK occurring in either the MFC or the MTP individually might extend to the corresponding side of the knee in the advanced end-stage; however, in that situation, significant degenerative changes would exist and it might be difficult to differentiate end-stage SPONK form severe osteoarthritis. SPONK affecting both the MFC and the MTP without significant secondary osteoarthritic changes has not been reported, even though it is difficult to know which occurs first. We have cared for three patients with histologically proven osteonecrosis of the MFC and MTP and report their radiologic features. PMID:18516591

  9. Minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis for closed distal tibial fractures: a consecutive study based on 25 patients.

    PubMed

    Bhat, Rafiq; Wani, Mubashir Maqbool; Rashid, Shakir; Akhter, Nahida

    2015-04-01

    We studied the outcome of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) using locking plate for closed fractures of distal tibia in a consecutive study consisting of 25 patients. Preoperative variables were age of patient, mode of trauma, type of fracture, and soft tissue status. Postoperative variables included wound status, time to union, return to activity, and AO foot and ankle score. After 1 year, all the fractures had united. The average time to union was 16.8 weeks. There were two cases of superficial infection. We also had two cases of deep infection, which required removal of hardware after the fracture was united. The average AO foot and ankle score was 83.6 in our study. We concluded that using MIPPO is a safe and effective method for the treatment for distal tibial fractures in properly selected patients. PMID:25238896

  10. Endoscopic removal of foreign body from the anterior cranial fossa.

    PubMed

    Thomas, S; Daudia, A; Jones, N S

    2007-08-01

    Intracranial foreign bodies are typically removed via a craniotomy, which carries significant peri-operative risks. Nasal endoscopy for removal of intracranial foreign bodies is rare and has been attempted only a few times. Here, we describe a case in which nasal endoscopy was employed to successfully remove an air rifle pellet from the anterior cranial fossa, with subsequent repair of the associated cerebrospinal fistula. We thus advocate nasal endoscopy as an alternate line of management for the removal of foreign bodies from the anterior cranial fossa when possible, due to its significantly lower associated morbidity, provided adequate neurosurgical backup is available if required. PMID:17367560

  11. Oral Extrusion of Screw after Anterior Cervical Interbody Fusion

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jin Soo; Hwang, Soo Hyun; Han, Jong Woo

    2008-01-01

    We present a case of delayed oral extrusion of a screw after anterior cervical interbody fusion in a 68-year-old man with osteoporosis. Fifteen months earlier, he had undergone C5 corpectomy and anterior cervical interbody fusion at C4-6 for multiple spinal stenoses. The patient was nearly asymptomatic, except for a foreign body sensation in his throat. We conclude that the use of a mesh graft or other instrument in elderly patients and those with osteoporosis or problematic bone quality should be considered carefully and that if surgery were to be performed, periodic postoperative follow-up evaluations are mandatory. PMID:19096688

  12. Gonioscopy: evaluation of the anterior chamber angle. Part II.

    PubMed

    Prokopich, C L; Flanagan, J G

    1997-03-01

    Gonioscopy is the standard procedure for examination of the anterior chamber angle, and is an invaluable technique in primary eye care. The clinician must practise the technique and observe many angles, because enormous but often subtle variation can be seen by the experienced observer in both normal and abnormal angles. Gonioscopy is essential to master, not only for the assessment of patients' risk for angle closure following dilation, but also in the diagnosis and subsequent management of the acute and chronic glaucomas and many other anterior segment disorders. PMID:9219674

  13. Pre-operative quadriceps strength predicts IKDC2000 scores 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Logerstedt, David; Lynch, Andrew; Axe, Michael J.; Snyder-Mackler, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Background Quadriceps strength deficits are ubiquitous after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Deficits prior to surgery can influence knee function post-operatively. Inhibition contributes to quadriceps strength deficits after an ACL injury. Body mass index, meniscal injury, and sex influence functional outcomes after ACL reconstruction. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship of pre-operative quadriceps strength and post-operative knee function and to investigate how other pre-operative factors may influence this relationship. Methods After an ACL injury, subjects received pre-operative rehabilitation and performed quadriceps strength testing. Subjects underwent reconstruction and post-operative rehabilitation. Six months after ACL reconstruction, subjects completed the International Knee Documentation Committee 2000 subjective form (IKDC2000). Linear regression models were developed using IKDC2000 scores at 6 months after ACL reconstruction as the dependent variable. Results Fifty-five subjects had complete pre-operative data and IKDC2000 scores at 6 months after ACL reconstruction. Pre-operative involved quadriceps strength was a significant predictor for IKDC2000 scores 6 months after ACL reconstruction. Sex, meniscal injury, pre-operative BMI, and pre-operative involved quadriceps activation ratio were not significant predictors in the regression model. Conclusions Pre-operative quadriceps strength can predict IKDC2000 scores 6 months after ACL reconstruction. Deficits in pre-operative quadriceps strength influence self-reported function 6 months after surgery. Factors that are known to influence quadriceps strength and self-reported outcomes do not influence the relationship between pre-operative quadriceps strength and post-operative IKDC2000 scores. PMID:23022031

  14. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) efficacy in the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunctions: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) has been proposed for the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome (OAB), non-obstructive urinary retention (NOUR), neurogenic bladder, paediatric voiding dysfunction and chronic pelvic pain/painful bladder syndrome (CPP/PBS). Despite a number of publications produced in the last ten years, the role of PTNS in urinary tract dysfunctions remains unclear. A systematic review of the papers on PTNS has been performed with the aim to better clarify potentialities and limits of this technique in the treatment of OAB syndrome and in other above mentioned urological conditions. Methods A literature search using MEDLINE and ISI web was performed. Search terms used were “tibial nerve” and each of the already mentioned conditions, with no time limits. An evaluation of level of evidence for each paper was performed. Results PTNS was found to be effective in 37-100% of patients with OAB, in 41-100% of patients with NOUR and in up to 100% of patients with CPP/PBS, children with OAB/dysfunctional voiding and patients with neurogenic pathologies. No major complications have been reported. Randomized controlled trials are available only for OAB (4 studies) and CPP/PBS (2 studies). Level 1 evidence of PTNS efficacy for OAB is available. Promising results, to be confirmed by randomized controlled studies, have been obtained in the remaining indications considered. Conclusions PTNS is an effective and safe option to treat OAB patients. Further studies are needed to assess the role of PTNS in the remaining indications and to evaluate the long term durability of the treatment. Further research is needed to address several unanswered questions about PTNS. PMID:24274173

  15. Micromechanics of shelf-aged and retrieved UHMWPE tibial inserts: indentation testing, oxidative profiling, and thickness effects.

    PubMed

    Wernlé, James D; Gilbert, Jeremy L

    2005-10-01

    Understanding the surface micromechanical properties of ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) may allow for improvement in its wear characteristics. Microtomed sections of two UHMWPE tibial bearings, one that had been irradiation sterilized and shelf-aged, and the other irradiation sterilized and used in a patient, were subjected to depth sensing indentation testing. The microtomed sections exhibited a white band in the subsurface region that is characteristic of oxidation, and the indentation testing, followed by FTIR analysis at the same testing locations, was performed across this region and into the bulk of the material. Indentation testing yielded data leading to hardness, modulus, and energy dissipation factor (EDF). FTIR profiling generated information about oxidation; oxidation indices were calculated by taking a ratio of peak heights at 1,716 cm(-1) (ketone) to 2,022 cm(-1) (methylene). The mechanical properties showed a strong linear correlation with oxidation index above a minimum thickness. Modulus, hardness, and EDF all increased with increasing oxidation. The appropriate thickness-to-indentation-depth ratio was determined by two methods and was found to be approximately 20:1. The mechanical properties through the oxidized region were seen to vary with depth into the sample in a profile similar to the oxidation profile. The differing aging environments of the tibial bearings are hypothesized to have had an effect on both the mechanical and oxidation profiles. The retrieved bearing exhibited a narrower oxidation profile with peaks closer to the surface, and oxidation indices of lower magnitude. The mechanical properties proved similar, with less intense and narrower readings for the retrieved sample. This research is consistent with much of the literature. PMID:16034987

  16. Asymmetric Transcript Discovery by RNA-seq in C. elegans Blastomeres Identifies neg-1, a Gene Important for Anterior Morphogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Osborne Nishimura, Erin; Zhang, Jay C.; Werts, Adam D.; Goldstein, Bob; Lieb, Jason D.

    2015-01-01

    After fertilization but prior to the onset of zygotic transcription, the C. elegans zygote cleaves asymmetrically to create the anterior AB and posterior P1 blastomeres, each of which goes on to generate distinct cell lineages. To understand how patterns of RNA inheritance and abundance arise after this first asymmetric cell division, we pooled hand-dissected AB and P1 blastomeres and performed RNA-seq. Our approach identified over 200 asymmetrically abundant mRNA transcripts. We confirmed symmetric or asymmetric abundance patterns for a subset of these transcripts using smFISH. smFISH also revealed heterogeneous subcellular patterning of the P1-enriched transcripts chs-1 and bpl-1. We screened transcripts enriched in a given blastomere for embryonic defects using RNAi. The gene neg-1 (F32D1.6) encoded an AB-enriched (anterior) transcript and was required for proper morphology of anterior tissues. In addition, analysis of the asymmetric transcripts yielded clues regarding the post-transcriptional mechanisms that control cellular mRNA abundance during asymmetric cell divisions, which are common in developing organisms. PMID:25875092

  17. Methods of Intracanal Reinforcement in Primary Anterior Teeth–Assessing the Outcomes through a Systematic Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Bhatia, Hind Pal; Haider, Khushtar

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Aim: To assess how the various methods of intracanal reinforcement (short root canal posts) performed in their clinical and radiographic outcomes for restoring grossly broken down primary anterior teeth after pulpectomy for 1 year or longer follow-up period. Materials and methods: Literature search of electronic databases (Sept 2013) and various journals (1980-Sept 2013) using medical subject headings and free text terms was conducted. For inclusion in quality assessment, prespecified inclusion criteria were applied. Quality assessment was performed by using ‘The Cochrane collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias’. Results: Seven relevant papers were selected for full text evaluation. After applying the inclusion criteria, only two trials could be considered for quality assessment. Both of these were classified as having high risk of bias. Conclusion: The evidence to support any method of intracanal reinforcement for restoring grossly broken down anterior teeth is presently lacking. Further trials with well-defined methodology are needed. How to cite this article: Mittal N, Bhatia HP, Haider K. Methods of Intracanal Reinforcement in Primary Anterior Teeth– Assessing the Outcomes through a Systematic Literature Review. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(1):48-54.

  18. Downhill walking: A stressful task for the anterior cruciate ligament?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Kuster; G. A. Wood; S. Sakurai; G. Blatter

    1994-01-01

    Accelerated rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has become increasingly popular. Methods employed include immediate extension of the knee and immediate full weight bearing despite the risks presented by a graft pull-out fixation strength of 200–500 N. The purpose of this study was to calculate the tibiofemoral shear forces and the dynamic stabilising factors at the knee joint for

  19. Effects of tourniquet use in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dale M. Daniel; Gerard Lumkong; Mary Lou Stone; Robert A. Pedowitz

    1995-01-01

    Although tourniquets are used commonly during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery, little data are available regarding their effects on postoperative function. This retrospective study evaluated 94 patients who had an arthroscopically assisted, autogenous bone-patellar ligament-bone ACL reconstruction between 1988 and 1991 at the San Diego Kaiser Hospital. A tourniquet was used in 48 patients (T+ group). No tourniquet was used

  20. Nocardia Septic Arthritis Complicating an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair.

    PubMed

    Yong, Elaine X L; Cheong, Elaine Y L; Boutlis, Craig S; Chen, Darren B; Liu, Eunice Y-T; McKew, Genevieve L

    2015-08-01

    Nocardia infection following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) allograft reconstruction is a rare occurrence. We report a case of Nocardia infection of an allograft ACL reconstruction and septic arthritis of the knee joint due to an organism most similar to the novel Nocardia species Nocardia aobensis. PMID:26041900