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Sample records for apple mac os

  1. Configuring ICEMail for Apple Mail for MacOS 10.10 Yosemite

    E-print Network

    Chen, Yiling

    Configuring ICEMail for Apple Mail for MacOS 10.10 Yosemite Once you have received notification on at https://icemail.harvard.edu, you will need to add the new settings in Apple Mail. Step 1. Launch Mail the Accounts tab. And click on the + in the lower left corner. (See Figure 2) Figure 2 SEAS-ICE Apple Mail

  2. Mac OS X: How to manually add a Windows shared printer http://support.apple.com/kb/ht3049

    E-print Network

    1 Mac OS X: How to manually add a Windows shared printer http://support.apple.com/kb/ht3049 Mac OS to the toolbar. 8. Choose "Windows printer via spools" from the Type pop-up menu. #12;2 9. In the URL field, type driver from the "Print Using" pop-up menu. You may need to download an appropriate driver if you don

  3. How to Connect from Home with Mac OS X

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    is that this is way easier than connecting with Windows, so you have another thing to gloat about to your PC friends! Just don't tell David I said that. First you need to download and install X11 for Mac OS X (if you didn't already install it from your OS X install disc). You can download it from Apple here: http://www.apple.com/downloads

  4. PC Mac OS Adobe Creative Cloud PC Mac OS Adobe Creative Cloud

    E-print Network

    PC Mac OS Adobe Creative Cloud 1 PC Mac OS Adobe Creative Cloud 2015-05-25 1 Web Mac OS Adobe Creative Cloud PC | Creative Cloud https://helpx.adobe.com/jp/creative-cloud Adobe Creative Cloud 5.1 Web TTInstaller (Mac OS X )() http://www.officesoft.gsic.titech.ac.jp/pdf

  5. Mac OS X : Tiger edition the missing manual

    E-print Network

    Pogue, David

    2005-01-01

    You can set your watch to it: As soon as Apple comes out with another version of Mac OS X, David Pogue hits the streets with another meticulous Missing Manual to cover it with a wealth of detail. The new Mac OS X 10.4, better known as Tiger, is faster than its predecessors, but nothing's too fast for Pogue and Mac OS X: The Missing Manual. There are many reasons why this is the most popular computer book of all time. With its hallmark objectivity, the Tiger Edition thoroughly explores the latest features to grace the Mac OS. Which ones work well and which do not? What should you look for? Th

  6. Apple Price List Buy your Mac with us and qualify for free warranty service

    E-print Network

    Apple Price List Buy your Mac with us and qualify for free warranty service on campus storage to 256GB storage $200.00 Apple USB SuperDrive $79.00 Canon Printer with cables & paper $74://computerstore.unh.edu/support for more details on warranty coverage, loaner policies, and more. #12;Apple Price List Buy your Mac with us

  7. Introduction This guide will assist you in connecting your Apple Mac to the University wireless networks.

    E-print Network

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    Introduction This guide will assist you in connecting your Apple Mac to the University wireless change your password. Procedure 1. Click the Apple Icon ( ) 2. Select `System Preferences' from the menu

  8. Intel-based iMac, Intel-based Mac mini: How to reset the System Mana... http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=303446 1 of 1 7/23/2007 2:16 PM

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Intel-based iMac, Intel-based Mac mini: How to reset the System Mana... http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=303446 1 of 1 7/23/2007 2:16 PM Visit the Apple Store online (1-800-MY-APPLE), visit a retail location on an iMac (Early 2006), iMac (Mid 2006), iMac (Late 2006), or Mac mini (Early 2006): From the Apple menu

  9. Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad visual Mac OS X Snow Leopard

    E-print Network

    Villanueva, Alicia

    Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad visual Mac OS X Snow Leopard ASIC ­ 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pág. 1 de 25 GUÍA DE ACCESIBILIDAD PARA PERSONAS CON DEBILIDAD VISUAL EN ENTORNO MAC OS X SNOW LEOPARD Al igual que otros sistemas operativos, MAC OS X Snow Leopard ofrece algunas ayudas para que las

  10. Impostazioni Google Apps con client Mail di Apple Mac per l'account di fantasia pinco.panco@uniroma1.it

    E-print Network

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Impostazioni Google Apps con client Mail di Apple Mac per l'account di fantasia pinco è ospitato sui server google.com) #12;Impostazioni Google Apps con client Mail di Apple Mac per l Google Apps con client Mail di Apple Mac per l'account di fantasia pinco.panco@uniroma1.it Pag. 3

  11. The Macolumn - the Mac gets geophysical. [A review of geophysical software for the Apple Macintosh computer

    SciTech Connect

    Busbey, A.B. )

    1990-02-01

    Seismic Processing Workshop, a program by Parallel Geosciences of Austin, TX, is discussed in this column. The program is a high-speed, interactive seismic processing and computer analysis system for the Apple Macintosh II family of computers. Also reviewed in this column are three products from Wilkerson Associates of Champaign, IL. SubSide is an interactive program for basin subsidence analysis; MacFault and MacThrustRamp are programs for modeling faults.

  12. Reliable Acquisition of RAM Dumps from Intel-Based Apple Mac Computers over FireWire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gladyshev, Pavel; Almansoori, Afrah

    RAM content acquisition is an important step in live forensic analysis of computer systems. FireWire offers an attractive way to acquire RAM content of Apple Mac computers equipped with a FireWire connection. However, the existing techniques for doing so require substantial knowledge of the target computer configuration and cannot be used reliably on a previously unknown computer in a crime scene. This paper proposes a novel method for acquiring RAM content of Apple Mac computers over FireWire, which automatically discovers necessary information about the target computer and can be used in the crime scene setting. As an application of the developed method, the techniques for recovery of AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) conversation fragments from RAM dumps are also discussed in this paper.

  13. Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7/23/2007 2:06 PM

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7 the PMU on a Mac mini and it still isn't displaying video or turning on, contact Apple technical support (1-800-APL-CARE in the U.S.) or take your computer to your local Apple Retail Store or Apple

  14. “AgeFinder”: A Mac OS X computer program to evaluate electron microprobe data of monazite for chemical age dating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Appel, Peter

    2010-04-01

    A computer program is presented that can be used to obtain ages of geological significance from compositional data of monazite. The program calculates dates and their errors from U, Th and Pb concentration data obtained with the electron microprobe. The results can be displayed in isochron and gauss curve diagrams. Subsets of the data can be selected and interactively evaluated with a user friendly graphical interface. For each selected data set a cumulative date, an isochron date, their errors and the mean squared weighted deviates (MSWD) are calculated and a chi-square test is performed. The diagrams can be saved to pdf and all calculated data can be exported to a text file or saved in native format. The software runs on any Apple Macintosh with Mac OS X Tiger or later versions.

  15. Mac Support Welcome to SCS Computing Facilities Mac support.

    E-print Network

    Mac Support Welcome to SCS Computing Facilities Mac support. We are an Apple-Authorized Self-Service-Provider. Our technicians are Apple certified and able to perform local on-campus service repairs for all Apple Mac Mini, iMac, and MacBook systems. Authentic Apple repair parts are provided directly from

  16. Apple iOS Devices (Tested on iOS v7.1.1 & 7.1.2)

    E-print Network

    Lörinczi, József

    Apple iOS Devices (Tested on iOS v7.1.1 & 7.1.2) If the current email account was manually created on the iOS device, the settings can be amended to work with Outlook Office 365. If you are unable to amend should now be accessible from within the Mail app. Installing and configuring the OWA app for iOS 1. Tap

  17. Steps to add network printer on Mac OSX:! 1. Make sure you have HP LaserJet Mac OS X driver installed. You can find it here. The one

    E-print Network

    Steps to add network printer on Mac OSX:! ! 1. Make sure you have HP LaserJet Mac OS X driver;! 3. Go to Settings -> Printers & Scanners! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! #12;4. Click "+" button on bottom left #12;! 5. If you dont see a "Advanced" toolbar item as in the above screenshot

  18. SPSS User Guide for Windows and Macs SPSS Statistics 20.0.0.1 & 21.0 for Windows 32 or 64 bit, and Mac OS X.

    E-print Network

    Calgary, University of

    SPSS User Guide for Windows and Macs Version SPSS Statistics 20.0.0.1 & 21.0 for Windows 32 or 64 Windows XP (32-bit version), Vista 7 and 8 (32-bit or 64-bit version) Mac 10.5x (Leopard) and 10.6x (Snow for a license and download software from the Software Distribution website. Student Licensing: Students

  19. Configuring Mail 2.0 for IMAP Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yi

    ). These instructions are based on Mac OS X 10.4.11. Launch Mail from the Dock. Click Continue In the following fields_last@hms.harvard.edu #12;· Click Continue. #12;Configure the Incoming Mail Server Settings · Incoming Mail Continue. #12;· If you see the following message, click "Always Allow". o Note that this message may

  20. Configuring Mail 2.0 for Exchange Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yi

    ). These instructions are based on Mac OS X 10.4.11. Launch Mail from the Dock. Click Continue In the following fields this is first_last@hms.harvard.edu #12;· Click Continue. #12;Configure the Incoming Mail ServerCommons password · Outlook Web Access Server: email.med.harvard.edu · Click Continue. #12;· If you see

  1. Configuring Mail 2.0 for POP Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yi

    ). These instructions are based on Mac OS X 10.4.11. Launch Mail from the Dock. Click Continue In the following fields_last@hms.harvard.edu #12;· Click Continue. #12;Configure the Incoming Mail Server Settings · Incoming Mail Continue. #12;· If you see the following message, click "Always Allow". o Note that this message may

  2. Connecting to the WSUV WiFi network on Macintosh Supported Versions: The connection system supports Mac OS X 10.5 and later.

    E-print Network

    Connecting to the WSUV WiFi network on Macintosh Supported Versions: The connection system supports Mac OS X 10.5 and later. Connection steps: 1) Connect to the WSUV WiFi Guest network. It should appear in your list of available networks in the Wi-Fi dropdown. You are connected when a checkmark appears next

  3. STEP 1: Installing MySQL on Mac OS X This set of instructions guides you through the installation process for the MySQL core

    E-print Network

    Lakshmanan, Laks V.S.

    STEP 1: Installing MySQL on Mac OS X This set of instructions guides you through the installation process for the MySQL core database.1 First, we install the MySQL database that is used by the MySQL Workbench tool in STEP 2. 1. Go to http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/ 2. Under the heading Generally

  4. Guida all'installazione di Eclipse CDT su Mac OS X 1. Effettuate il download di "Eclipse IDE for C/C++ Developers" (107 MB) dal

    E-print Network

    Lanubile, Filippo

    Guida all'installazione di Eclipse CDT su Mac OS X 1. Effettuate il download di "Eclipse IDE for C/C++ Developers" (107 MB) dal seguente link: http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/ accertandovi di selezionare il sistema operativo corretto e l'architettura giusta (32 o 64 bit) Nota: Eclipse è un'applicazione Java

  5. PC Creative Cloud (Mac) PC Creative Cloud (Mac)

    E-print Network

    Furui, Sadaoki

    PC Creative Cloud (Mac) 1 PC Creative Cloud (Mac) 2015-11-12 1 Web Creative Cloud PC | Creative Cloud https://helpx.adobe.com/jp/creative-cloud/system-requirements.html 2 PC PC http://www.officesoft.gsic.titech.ac.jp/pdf/How_to_download_TTInstaller_for_Mac_OS_X.pdf 5 Mac OS Adobe Creative Cloud

  6. Apple Closeout Prices unh computer store

    E-print Network

    Apple Closeout Prices 6/5/15 unh computer store university of new hampshire phone: (603) 862 and battery life.1 Key Features MacBook Pro with Retina display (13-inch) AppleCare for MacBook Pro Apple Compared with the previous-generation. 2 Battery life varies by use and configuration. See www.apple

  7. 'Tagger' - a Mac OS X Interactive Graphical Application for Data Inference and Analysis of N-Dimensional Datasets in the Natural Physical Sciences.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morse, P. E.; Reading, A. M.; Lueg, C.

    2014-12-01

    Pattern-recognition in scientific data is not only a computational problem but a human-observer problem as well. Human observation of - and interaction with - data visualization software can augment, select, interrupt and modify computational routines and facilitate processes of pattern and significant feature recognition for subsequent human analysis, machine learning, expert and artificial intelligence systems.'Tagger' is a Mac OS X interactive data visualisation tool that facilitates Human-Computer interaction for the recognition of patterns and significant structures. It is a graphical application developed using the Quartz Composer framework. 'Tagger' follows a Model-View-Controller (MVC) software architecture: the application problem domain (the model) is to facilitate novel ways of abstractly representing data to a human interlocutor, presenting these via different viewer modalities (e.g. chart representations, particle systems, parametric geometry) to the user (View) and enabling interaction with the data (Controller) via a variety of Human Interface Devices (HID). The software enables the user to create an arbitrary array of tags that may be appended to the visualised data, which are then saved into output files as forms of semantic metadata. Three fundamental problems that are not strongly supported by conventional scientific visualisation software are addressed:1] How to visually animate data over time, 2] How to rapidly deploy unconventional parametrically driven data visualisations, 3] How to construct and explore novel interaction models that capture the activity of the end-user as semantic metadata that can be used to computationally enhance subsequent interrogation. Saved tagged data files may be loaded into Tagger, so that tags may be tagged, if desired. Recursion opens up the possibility of refining or overlapping different types of tags, tagging a variety of different POIs or types of events, and of capturing different types of specialist observations of important or noticeable events. Other visualisations and modes of interaction will also be demonstrated, with the aim of discovering knowledge in large datasets in the natural, physical sciences. Fig.1 Wave height data from an oceanographic Wave Rider Buoy. Colors/radii are driven by wave height data.

  8. Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals

    E-print Network

    1 Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC the profitability of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets subcommittee established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple Committee

  9. Michigan Apple Committee 2015/16 Request for Proposals

    E-print Network

    1 Michigan Apple Committee 2015/16 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC the profitability of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets subcommittee established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple Committee

  10. When worlds collide - Mac to MS-DOS. [Data transfer to and from Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based personal computers

    SciTech Connect

    Busbey, A.B.

    1989-04-01

    A number of methods and products, both hardware and software, to allow data exchange between Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based systems. These included serial null modem connections, MS-DOS hardware and/or software emulation, MS-DOS disk-reading hardware and networking.

  11. Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe

    E-print Network

    Yang, Ming-Hsuan

    Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe bottle swan giraffe swan swan swan swan apple apple apple apple bottle bottle swan

  12. Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... HOW IS MAC TREATED? CAN MAC BE PREVENTED? DRUG INTERACTION PROBLEMS THE BOTTOM LINE WHAT IS MAC? Mycobacterium ... vision problems. Rifabutin (Mycobutin): rashes, nausea, anemia. Many drug interactions. Rifampin (Rifampicin, Rifadin, Rimactane): fever, chills, muscle or ...

  13. Work with Apple's Rhapsody Operating System which Allows Simultaneous UNIX Program Development, UNIX Program Execution, and PC Application Execution

    E-print Network

    Don Summers; Chris Riley; Lucien Cremaldi; David Sanders

    2004-12-06

    Over the past decade, UNIX workstations have provided a very powerful program development environment. However, workstations are more expensive than PCs and Macintoshes and require a system manager for day-to-day tasks such as disk backup, adding users, and setting up print queues. Native commercial software for system maintenance and "PC applications" has been lacking under UNIX. Apple's new Rhapsody operating system puts the current MacOS on a NeXT UNIX foundation and adds an enhanced NeXTSTEP object oriented development environment called Yellow Box. Rhapsody simultaneously runs UNIX and commercial Macintosh applications such as word processing or spreadsheets. Thus a UNIX detector Monte Carlo can run for days in the background at the same time as a commercial word processing program. And commercial programs such as Dantz Retrospect are being made available to make disk backup easy under Rhapsody. Apple has announced that in 1999 they intend to be running Rhapsody, or MacOS X as it will be called in the commercial release, on all their newer computers. MacOS X may be of interest to those who have trouble hiring expert UNIX system managers; and to those who would prefer to have a single computer and operating system on their desktop that serves both the needs of UNIX program development and running commercial applications, simultaneously. We present our experiences running UNIX programs and Macintosh applications under the Rhapsody DR2 Developer Release.

  14. Why K-12 IT Managers and Administrators Are Embracing the Intel-Based Mac

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technology & Learning, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Over the past year, Apple has dramatically increased its share of the school computer marketplace--especially in the category of notebook computers. A recent study conducted by Grunwald Associates and Rockman et al. reports that one of the major reasons for this growth is Apple's introduction of the Intel processor to the entire line of Mac

  15. Kiss Apple

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

    2011-08-24

    the tiny kiss apple. Apples are known to be natural breath fresheners but chomping down on an after dinner regulation size fruit could ruin the romantic mood. Hence the kiss apple. The ping-pong ball sized fruit can be popped in the mouth whole. Not content...

  16. Metal Affinity Chromatography (MAC)

    E-print Network

    Lebendiker, Mario

    Fractogel® Metal Affinity Chromatography (MAC) Resins and Cartridges Tools for His·Tag® Fusion-MACTM Cartridges #12;2 Novagen · Fractogel Metal Affinity Chromatography (MAC) Resins Ni-MACTM , Co-MACTM and u-MACTM Metal Affinity Chromatography (MAC) Resins and Cartridges HI Ni2+ Ni2+ Ni2+ HISHISHI SHISHISHIS Ni2

  17. Introduction to MAC CRM training

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, Donald D.

    1987-01-01

    The author introduces the Military Airlift Command (MAC) and its mission. A brief history of Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) as it relates to MAC is given. He also states why MAC is currently interested in CRM.

  18. Apple Germplasm

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PGRU) in Geneva, NY part of the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System. The PGRU maintains 55 species of apple (Malus) in both field and seed collections. The main field collection of apples has 2621 diverse clones grafted onto EMLA 9 rootstock. Ninety-seven p...

  19. 2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple iOS CoreCrypto Kernel Module, v5.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security: Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014 www.apple.com Prepared by: atsec information security

  20. 2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple iOS CoreCrypto Kernel Module, v4.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security for: Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014 www.apple.com Prepared by: atsec information

  1. 2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple OS X CoreCrypto Kernel Module, v5.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security: Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014 www.apple.com Prepared by: atsec information security

  2. 2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple iOS CoreCrypto Module, v4.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security Policy: Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014 www.apple.com Prepared by: atsec information security

  3. 2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple iOS CoreCrypto Kernel Module, v3.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security: Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014 www.apple.com Prepared by: atsec information security

  4. 2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple OS X CoreCrypto Kernel Module, v3.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security: Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014 www.apple.com Prepared by: atsec information security

  5. First Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant

    E-print Network

    Biggs, Alan R.

    First Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs for publication 19 July 1985. European canker of apple (Malus domestics Borkh. 'MacIntosh') caused by Nectria includes the apple-growing region of central Ontario. Reference: Booth, C. Commonw. Mycol. Inst. Pap. 73

  6. TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for real-time high-data-rate sensor networks

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Song, W.-Z.; Huang, R.; Shirazi, B.; LaHusen, R.

    2009-01-01

    Earlier sensor network MAC protocols focus on energy conservation in low-duty cycle applications, while some recent applications involve real-time high-data-rate signals. This motivates us to design an innovative localized TDMA MAC protocol to achieve high throughput and low congestion in data collection sensor networks, besides energy conservation. TreeMAC divides a time cycle into frames and each frame into slots. A parent node determines the children's frame assignment based on their relative bandwidth demand, and each node calculates its own slot assignment based on its hop-count to the sink. This innovative 2-dimensional frame-slot assignment algorithm has the following nice theory properties. First, given any node, at any time slot, there is at most one active sender in its neighborhood (including itself). Second, the packet scheduling with TreeMAC is bufferless, which therefore minimizes the probability of network congestion. Third, the data throughput to the gateway is at least 1/3 of the optimum assuming reliable links. Our experiments on a 24-node testbed show that TreeMAC protocol significantly improves network throughput, fairness, and energy efficiency compared to TinyOS's default CSMA MAC protocol and a recent TDMA MAC protocol Funneling-MAC. Partial results of this paper were published in Song, Huang, Shirazi and Lahusen [W.-Z. Song, R. Huang, B. Shirazi, and R. Lahusen, TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for high-throughput and fairness in sensor networks, in: The 7th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom, March 2009]. Our new contributions include analyses of the performance of TreeMAC from various aspects. We also present more implementation detail and evaluate TreeMAC from other aspects. ?? 2009 Elsevier B.V.

  7. Apple Browning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemecology, 1992

    1992-01-01

    Describes an activity in which students investigate the effects of selected natural and synthetic substances on the rate of apple browning. Includes background information for the teacher, a list of necessary materials, and student instructions. (KR)

  8. Texas Apples

    E-print Network

    Reeder, Bobby D.; McEachern, George Ray

    1980-01-01

    of the or chard. Smaller equipment is us ed to maintain moderate to high density orchards and harvesting costs are lower. PLANTING Apples usually are planted in January, February or March. Careful handling of trees bet ween the nursery delivery... types of cuts are used, including thin ning out, cutting back and tip ping. Thinning out involves remov ing entire branches back to the main trunk or at least to a larger limb. Figure 1. Apple tree bundles properly heeled in for on...

  9. Newton's Apple

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendry, Archibald W.

    2007-01-01

    Isaac Newton may have seen an apple fall, but it was Robert Hooke who had a better idea of where it would land. No one really knows whether or not Isaac Newton actually saw an apple fall in his garden. Supposedly it took place in 1666, but it was a tale he told in his old age more than 60 years later, a time when his memory was failing and his…

  10. The Abstract MAC Layer

    E-print Network

    Newport, Calvin

    2009-02-21

    A diversity of possible communication assumptions complicates the study of algorithms and lower bounds for radio networks. We address this problem by defining an Abstract MAC Layer. This service provides reliable local ...

  11. The Abstract MAC Layer

    E-print Network

    Kuhn, Fabian

    2009-05-11

    A diversity of possible communication assumptions complicates the study of algorithms and lower bounds for radio networks. We address this problem by defining an Abstract MAC Layer. This service provides reliable local ...

  12. The Abstract MAC Layer

    E-print Network

    Kuhn, Fabian

    2010-08-26

    A diversity of possible communication assumptions complicates the study of algorithms and lower bounds for radio networks. We address this problem by defining an abstract MAC layer. This service provides reliable local ...

  13. The abstract MAC layer

    E-print Network

    Kuhn, Fabian

    A diversity of possible communication assumptions complicates the study of algorithms and lower bounds for radio networks. We address this problem by defining an Abstract MAC Layer. This service provides reliable local ...

  14. SIAM J. APPL. MATH. Vol. 31, No. 4, December 1976

    E-print Network

    Sloane, Neil J. A.

    SIAM J. APPL. MATH. Vol. 31, No. 4, December 1976 SELF-DUAL CODES OVER GF(3)* c. L. MALLOWS', V extensively studied--see Feit (1972), (1974), Gleason (1971), MacWilliams, Sloane and Thompson (1972), Mallows by Mallows and Sloane (1973), Mallows, Odlyzko and Sloane (1975), and Pless and Pierce (1973). The outline

  15. TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for real-time high-data-rate sensor networks

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Song, W.-Z.; Huang, R.; Shirazi, B.; Husent, R.L.

    2009-01-01

    Earlier sensor network MAC protocols focus on energy conservation in low-duty cycle applications, while some recent applications involve real-time high-data-rate signals. This motivates us to design an innovative localized TDMA MAC protocol to achieve high throughput and low congestion in data collection sensor networks, besides energy conservation. TreeMAC divides a time cycle into frames and frame into slots. Parent determines children's frame assigmnent based on their relative bandwidth demand, and each node calculates its own slot assignment based on its hop-count to the sink. This innovative 2-dimensional frame-slot assignment algorithm has the following nice theory properties. Firstly, given any node, at any time slot, there is at most one active sender in its neighborhood (includ ing itself). Secondly, the packet scheduling with TreelMAC is bufferless, which therefore minimizes the probability of network congestion. Thirdly, the data throughput to gateway is at least 1/3 of the optimum assuming reliable links. Our experiments on a 24 node test bed demonstrate that TreeMAC protocol significantly improves network throughput and energy efficiency, by comparing to the TinyOS's default CSMA MAC protocol and a recent TDMA MAC protocol Funneling-MAC[8]. ?? 2009 IEEE.

  16. Newton's Apple

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hendry, Archibald W.

    2007-05-01

    Isaac Newton may have seen an apple fall, but it was Robert Hooke who had a better idea of where it would land. No one really knows whether or not Isaac Newton actually saw an apple fall in his garden. Supposedly it took place in 1666, but it was a tale he told in his old age more than 60 years later, a time when his memory was failing and his recollections of events did not always match known facts. However, one thing is certain-falling objects were to play a key part in Newton's eventual understanding of how objects move.

  17. Cancer chemopreventive potential of apples, apple juice, and apple components.

    PubMed

    Gerhauser, Clarissa

    2008-10-01

    Apples ( MALUS sp., Rosaceae) are a rich source of nutrient as well as non-nutrient components and contain high levels of polyphenols and other phytochemicals. Main structural classes of apple constituents include hydroxycinnamic acids, dihydrochalcones, flavonols (quercetin glycosides), catechins and oligomeric procyanidins, as well as triterpenoids in apple peel and anthocyanins in red apples. Several lines of evidence suggest that apples and apple products possess a wide range of biological activities which may contribute to health beneficial effects against cardiovascular disease, asthma and pulmonary dysfunction, diabetes, obesity, and cancer (reviewed by Boyer and Liu, Nutr J 2004). The present review will summarize the current knowledge on potential cancer preventive effects of apples, apple juice and apple extracts (jointly designated as apple products). In brief, apple extracts and components, especially oligomeric procyanidins, have been shown to influence multiple mechanisms relevant for cancer prevention in IN VITRO studies. These include antimutagenic activity, modulation of carcinogen metabolism, antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory mechanisms, modulation of signal transduction pathways, antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing activity, as well as novel mechanisms on epigenetic events and innate immunity. Apple products have been shown to prevent skin, mammary and colon carcinogenesis in animal models. Epidemiological observations indicate that regular consumption of one or more apples a day may reduce the risk for lung and colon cancer. PMID:18855307

  18. 2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple iOS CoreCrypto Module, v5.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security Policy Document Control Number FIPS_CORECRYPTO_IOS_US_SECPOL_1.3 Version 1.3 June, 2015 Prepared for: Apple Inc. 1

  19. 2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple iOS CoreCrypto Module, v3.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security Policy Document Control Number FIPS_CORECRYPTO_IOS_US_SECPOL_01.06 Version 01.06 June, 2013 Prepared for: Apple

  20. 2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2013 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple OS X CoreCrypto Module, v3.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security Policy Document Control Number FIPS_CORECRYPTO_OSX_US_SECPOL_01.05 Version 01.05 June, 2013 Prepared for: Apple

  1. 2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision

    E-print Network

    Apple Inc. ©2015 Apple Inc. This document may be reproduced and distributed only in its original entirety without revision Apple OS X CoreCrypto Module, v5.0 FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security Policy Document Control Number FIPS_CORECRYPTO_OSX_US_SECPOL_1.2 Version 1.2 June, 2015 Prepared for: Apple Inc. 1

  2. Recent results from MAC

    SciTech Connect

    MAC Collaboration

    1982-05-01

    Some preliminary results from the MAC detector at PEP are presented. These include measurements of the angular distribution of ..gamma gamma.., ..mu mu.. and tau tau final states, a determination of the tau lifetime, a measurement of R, and a presentation of the inclusive muon p/sub perpendicular/ distribution for hadronic events.

  3. Italian 3XX3 Info Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ Mac

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Michael

    Italian 3XX3 Info Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ Mac Italian 3XX3: Culture and Media in Modern Italy #12;Italian 3XX3 Find books & other media in campus libraries Construct an effective search Research ObjectivesObjectivesObjectives #12;Italian 3XX3 How do you choose a research tool or article

  4. MATLAB User Guide for Windows, Macs and Linux MATLAB 2013a

    E-print Network

    Calgary, University of

    MATLAB User Guide for Windows, Macs and Linux Version MATLAB 2013a What is MATLAB? MATLAB-bit & 64-bit) and Mac OS X and Linux (64-bit). For general system requirements, visit mathworks.com/products/availability/. Linux 32-bit is only available to Release 2012a (7.14). Using MATLAB on central Linux clusters C cluster

  5. Are Red Apples Sweeter Than Green Apples?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Chris

    1999-01-01

    Describes how a classroom observation of apples led to the development of a science project. Discusses the correlation between the greenness and the acidity of apples. Finds that the greener the apple, the lower its pH, and thus the more acidic and less sweet it tastes. (Author/CCM)

  6. Results from MAC

    SciTech Connect

    Chadwick, G.B.

    1983-05-01

    The MAC detector has been exposed at PEP to 40 pb/sup -1/ luminosity of e/sup +/e/sup -/ collisions. The detector is described and recent results of a continuing analysis of hadronic cross section, lepton pair charge asymmetry, Bhabha process, two photon final state and radiative ..mu.. pairs are given. New results on flavor tagging of hadronic events with an inclusive ..mu.., and some searches for new particles are presented.

  7. Revised: 4.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 1 of 4 You can download the mobile app for Blackboard Collaborate in the App Store on your Apple

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    Revised: 4.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 1 of 4 You can download the mobile app. Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS #12;Revised: 4.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 2 of 4 6.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 3 of 4 11. Click on the Tools link in your Blackboard

  8. `Honeycrisp' Three apples with

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    4 `Honeycrisp' #12;5 Three apples with distinctive traits-- SnowSweet®, FrostbiteTM, and SweeTango® apples --are the most recent introductions from the University's world-renowned apple breeding program. SnowSweet® apple trees produce savory, sweet fruit, with a slight tart balance. An added benefit is how

  9. MAC Integrity 1. CyberCIEGE MAC Integrity

    E-print Network

    MAC Integrity 1. CyberCIEGE MAC Integrity CyberCIEGE is an information assurance (IA) training tool-offs. CyberCIEGE players construct computer networks and make choices affecting the ability of these networks and the virtual users to protect valuable assets from attack by both vandals and well-motivated professionals

  10. Eyes-free Text Entry on a Touchscreen Phone Hussain Tinwala, and I. Scott MacKenzie

    E-print Network

    MacKenzie, Scott

    Eyes-free Text Entry on a Touchscreen Phone Hussain Tinwala, and I. Scott MacKenzie Dept@cse.yorku.ca, mack@cse.yorku.ca Abstract - We present an eyes-free text entry technique for touchscreen mobile phones using an Apple iPhone. Entry speed, accuracy, and stroke formations were compared between eyes- free

  11. What's an Adam's Apple?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the Body Works Main Page What's an Adam's Apple? KidsHealth > Kids > Q&A > Q&A > What's an Adam's Apple? Print A A A Text Size You're ... the throat. This is what's called an Adam's apple. Everyone's larynx grows during puberty, but a girl's ...

  12. Apple Mail IMAP Setup Guide

    E-print Network

    Chin, Wei Ngan

    Apple Mail IMAP Setup Guide Apple Mail ­ IMAP Setup Guide Page 1 of 6 #12 email account in Apple Mail using IMAP. IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol and forth between these computers. B. Configure IMAP on Apple Mail 1. From Apple Mail menu bar, click

  13. Apple Mail POP Setup Guide

    E-print Network

    Chin, Wei Ngan

    Apple Mail POP Setup Guide Apple Mail ­ POP Setup Guide Page 1 of 6 #12;A in Apple Mail using POP. POP is the acronym for Post Office Protocol which defines a method for mail of a multimedia mail message) B. Configure POP on Apple Mail 1. From Apple Mail menu bar, click on Mail

  14. Fiverr MacGyver

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hut, Rolf; van de Giesen, Nick; Larson, Martha

    2014-05-01

    Crowdsourcing has become popular over the past years, also for scientific endeavors. There are many Citizen Science projects and crowdfunding platforms, such as Kickstarter, that are make helpful contributions to moving environmental science forward. An interesting underused source of useful crowd-derived contributions to research is the website Fiverr.com. On this platform, thousands of people, acting as small-scale freelance contractors, offer their skills in the form of services. The platform offers a chance for people to take a hobby, skill, or pastime and make it something more by reaching out to a wider audience and by receiving a payment in return for services. As is typical of other crowdsourcing platforms, the tasks are small and usually self contained. As the name Fiverr suggests, offers start at US5 to provide a particular service. Services offered range from graphic design, to messages sung or spoken with various styles or accents, to complete apps for Android or iPhone. Skill providers on the platform can accept a range of variation of definition in the tasks, some can be described in general terms, for others it is more appropriate to provide examples. Fiverr provides a central location for those offering skills and those needing services to find each other, it makes it possible to communicate and exchange files, to make payments, and it provides support for resolving disputes. In all cases, it is important to keep expectations aligned with the nature of the platform: quality can and will vary. Ultimately, the critical contribution of Fiverr is not to replace professional services or otherwise save money, but rather to provide access to a large group of people with specialized skills who are able to make a contribution on short notice. In the context of this session, it can be considered a pool of people with MacGyver skills lying in wait of a MacGyyer task to attack. There are many ways in which Fiverr tasks, which are called 'gigs', can be useful in a scientific context. Some people will make 3D designs; others will print these designs with a 3D printer. Earlier, we used Fiverr to design a logo for the Trans-African Hydro-Meteorological Observatory (TAHMO). Recently, using Fiverr, an app was developed at minimal costs that sends simple csv files with time stamp, location and sensor value at given intervals. In general, interactions with gig providers are very professional. Fiverr.com provides a good recommender system that guides users in finding productive providers. In this poster presentation, we present the results obtained from the most promising Fiverr gigs after an investment of 100 in the field of environmental science, with special emphasis on hydrology. We point out the heuristic value of Fiverr: browsing the available range provides a view on a wide range of practical human skills that are available to solve science challenges, and triggers productive thinking about how to break down a task into smaller practical subtasks that can be solved in a light weight, cost-effective manner.

  15. MacSwiney, Mary by Brian Murphy

    E-print Network

    MacSwiney, Mary by Brian Murphy MacSwiney, Mary (1872­1942), republican, was born 27 March 1872 at Kilmurray, near Crookstown, Co. Cork, while her mother Mary Wilkinson was English and otherwise remains), her father started a snuff and tobacco business, and in the same year Mary's brother Terence Mac

  16. The Apple IIc.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freiberger, Paul

    1984-01-01

    Description of the portable Apple IIc includes its flat panel display; a new microprocessor, the 65CO2; its new design language; layout; documentation, including interactive tutorials; software support; and cost. Apple IIc's competitors and its new printer, the Scribe, are also discussed. (MBR)

  17. Proceedings of the 2012 Joint Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Computational Natural Language Learning, pages 105115, Jeju Island, Korea, 1214 July 2012. c 2012 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    .wikipedia.org shown in Figure 1, an EL system should identify the referent entities of the three mentions WWDC, Apple and Lion correspondingly are the entities Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, Apple Inc. and Mac OS X Apple may refer to more than 20 entities in Wikipedia, such as Apple Inc., Apple (band) and Apple Bank

  18. AIDP -Apple Interface Design Project

    E-print Network

    Tollmar, Konrad

    AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project m 92-95 m Joy Mountford m Design Centre, Advanced Technology Group m Apple's Industrial Design Group "Encourage ProjectThe Project m Bridge the gulf between the physical and virtual worlds - Apple m Design a new way

  19. MacXAFS: An EXAFS analysis package for the Macintosh

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouldin, C.; Furenlid, L.; Elam, T.

    1995-02-01

    We present an EXAFS analysis package that runs on the Apple Macintosh. (Certain commercial products are identified in the article for the sake of completeness. This does not constitute and endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Naval Research Laboratory, or Broohaven National Lab.) The MacXAFS package is derived from a suite of EXAFS analysis programs originally written at the University of Washington. The MacXAFS package preserves the portable computational kernel of this well-tested group of programs and adds a graphical interface by using HyperCard. Communication between the core analysis programs and the HyperCard interface is done by using ASCII script files that direct the execution of the FORTRAN-based analysis programs. The user is largely insulated from the FORTRAN code, but instead interacts with the more intuitive Hypercard interface. This implementation preserves the portability of the ANSI FORTRAN programs, while taking full advantage of the platform-specific user interface features of the Macintosh. Computationally intensive programs, such as the ab initio XAFS calculation program FEFF can be executed remotely via a TCP/IP connection. Due to the clean separation of the interface and the computational kernel, this package is readily extensible by writing new programs, in FORTRAN or any other language, and adding the corresponding interface element in the HyperCard stack.

  20. Apple rootstock evaluation for apple replant disease

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Twenty-nine rootstocks from the Cornell-Geneva rootstock breeding program, some Budagovski rootstocks, M.9T337 and M.26EMLA were screened for apple replant disease (ARD) tolerance at Geneva, New York in 2008. Bench grafted rootstocks were planted in pots with two types of soil –clay loam and sandy l...

  1. The Diminishing Apple.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Catherine

    2002-01-01

    Introduces the Apple Ocean activity which teaches about the diminishing natural resources of the earth including drinkable water, habitable land, and productive areas while working with fractions, ratios, and proportions. (YDS)

  2. Isolation and characterisation of human gingival margin-derived STRO-1/MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell populations.

    PubMed

    El-Sayed, Karim M Fawzy; Paris, Sebastian; Graetz, Christian; Kassem, Neemat; Mekhemar, Mohamed; Ungefroren, Hendrick; Fändrich, Fred; Dörfer, Christof

    2015-06-01

    Recently, gingival margin-derived stem/progenitor cells isolated via STRO-1/magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) showed remarkable periodontal regenerative potential in vivo. As a second-stage investigation, the present study's aim was to perform in vitro characterisation and comparison of the stem/progenitor cell characteristics of sorted STRO-1-positive (MACS?) and STRO-1-negative (MACS?) cell populations from the human free gingival margin. Cells were isolated from the free gingiva using a minimally invasive technique and were magnetically sorted using anti-STRO-1 antibodies. Subsequently, the MACS? and MACS? cell fractions were characterized by flow cytometry for expression of CD14, CD34, CD45, CD73, CD90, CD105, CD146/MUC18 and STRO-1. Colony-forming unit (CFU) and multilineage differentiation potential were assayed for both cell fractions. Mineralisation marker expression was examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). MACS? and MACS(-) cell fractions showed plastic adherence. MACS? cells, in contrast to MACS? cells, showed all of the predefined mesenchymal stem/progenitor cell characteristics and a significantly higher number of CFUs (P<0.01). More than 95% of MACS? cells expressed CD105, CD90 and CD73; lacked the haematopoietic markers CD45, CD34 and CD14, and expressed STRO-1 and CD146/MUC18. MACS? cells showed a different surface marker expression profile, with almost no expression of CD14 or STRO-1, and more than 95% of these cells expressed CD73, CD90 and CD146/MUC18, as well as the haematopoietic markers CD34 and CD45 and CD105. MACS? cells could be differentiated along osteoblastic, adipocytic and chondroblastic lineages. In contrast, MACS? cells demonstrated slight osteogenic potential. Unstimulated MACS? cells showed significantly higher expression of collagen I (P<0.05) and collagen III (P<0.01), whereas MACS? cells demonstrated higher expression of osteonectin (P<0.05; Mann-Whitney). The present study is the first to compare gingival MACS? and MACS? cell populations demonstrating that MACS? cells, in contrast to MACS? cells, harbour stem/progenitor cell characteristics. This study also validates the effectiveness of the STRO-1/MACS? technique for the isolation of gingival stem/progenitor cells. Human free gingival margin-derived STRO-1/MACS? cells are a unique renewable source of multipotent stem/progenitor cells. PMID:25257881

  3. Mac configuration management at the Los Alamos National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Marcus, Allan B

    2010-01-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) had a need for central configuration management of non-Windows computers. LANL has three to five thousand Macs and an equal number of Linux based systems. The primary goal was to be able to inventory all non-windows systems and patch Mc OS X systems. LANL examined a number of commercial and open source solutions and ultimately selected Puppet. This paper will discuss why we chose Puppet, how we implemented it, and some lessons we learned along the way.

  4. Enpublic Apps: Security Threats Using iOS Enterprise and Developer Certificates

    E-print Network

    Lui, John C.S.

    Enpublic Apps: Security Threats Using iOS Enterprise and Developer Certificates Min Zheng , Hui jailbroken and non- jailbroken iOS devices have number of vulnerabilities. For iOS, apps need to interact and Apple forbids apps in App Store from using them. These APIs, also known as "private APIs", provide

  5. Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple

    E-print Network

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple color Harry Andris o Carlos H. Crisosto Red color developmentis an important factor for consumer acceptance of California 'Fuji' apples. Several attempts to im not affect fla- vor, it is an important factor for con- sumer acceptance of apples. Cyanidin is the immediate

  6. Breaking H2 -MAC Using Birthday Paradox

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Breaking H2 -MAC Using Birthday Paradox Fanbao Liu1,2 , Tao Xie1 and Changxiang Shen2 1 School of Computer, Beijing University of Technology, 100124, Beijing, P. R. China liufanbao@gmail.com Abstract. H2 and security of HMAC at the same time. However, as pointed out by the designer, the security of H2 -MAC also

  7. George MacDonald's Estimate of Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pridmore, John

    2007-01-01

    The nineteenth-century fantasy writer George MacDonald believed that "it is better to be a child in a green field than a knight of many orders." In this paper, I shall explore the bearing of this high estimate of childhood on spiritual education. MacDonald explores the spirituality of the child in his essay "A Sketch of Individual Development" and…

  8. Jamming-Resistant MAC Protocols for Wireless

    E-print Network

    Schmid, Stefan

    Jamming-Resistant MAC Protocols for Wireless Networks Jamming-Resistant MAC Protocols for Wireless background noise : noise level 4TU Berlin'11, Andrea Richa #12;Our Approach: Adversarial Jamming Idea: model Jamming Idea: model unpredictable behaviors via adversary! Wireless jamming: blocking of the wireless

  9. Determination of amygdalin in apple seeds, fresh apples and processed apple juices.

    PubMed

    Bolarinwa, Islamiyat F; Orfila, Caroline; Morgan, Michael R A

    2015-03-01

    Cyanogenic glycosides are natural plant toxicants. Action by endogenous plant enzymes can release hydrogen cyanide causing potential toxicity issues for animals including humans. We have quantified amygdalin in seeds from different apple varieties, determined the effects of processing on the amygdalin content of apple juice and quantified amygdalin in commercially-available apple juices. Amygdalin contents of seeds from fifteen varieties of apples ranged from 1 mg g(-1) to 4 mg g(-1). The amygdalin content of commercially-available apple juice was low, ranging from 0.01 to 0.04 mg ml(-1) for pressed apple juice and 0.001-0.007 mg ml(-1) for long-life apple juice. Processing led to juice with low amygdalin content, ranging from 0.01 mg ml(-1) to 0.08 mg ml(-1). The results presented show that the amygdalin contents of commercially-available apple juices are unlikely to present health problems to consumers. PMID:25306368

  10. Comparison of CSMA based MAC protocols of wireless sensor networks

    E-print Network

    singh, Himanshu

    2012-01-01

    Energy conservation has been an important area of interest in Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs). Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols play an important role in energy conservation. In this paper, we describe CSMA based MAC protocols for WSN and analyze the simulation results of these protocols. We implemented S-MAC, T-MAC, B-MAC, B-MAC+, X-MAC, DMAC and Wise-MAC in TOSSIM, a simulator which unlike other simulators simulates the same code running on real hardware. Previous surveys mainly focused on the classification of MAC protocols according to the techniques being used or problem dealt with and presented a theoretical evaluation of protocols. This paper presents the comparative study of CSMA based protocols for WSNs, showing which MAC protocol is suitable in a particular environment and supports the arguments with the simulation results. The comparative study can be used to find the best suited MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks in different environments.

  11. About APPLE II Operation

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, T.; Zimoch, D.

    2007-01-19

    The operation of an APPLE II based undulator beamline with all its polarization states (linear horizontal and vertical, circular and elliptical, and continous variation of the linear vector) requires an effective description allowing an automated calculation of gap and shift parameter as function of energy and operation mode. The extension of the linear polarization range from 0 to 180 deg. requires 4 shiftable magnet arrrays, permitting use of the APU (adjustable phase undulator) concept. Studies for a pure fixed gap APPLE II for the SLS revealed surprising symmetries between circular and linear polarization modes allowing for simplified operation. A semi-analytical model covering all types of APPLE II and its implementation will be presented.

  12. About APPLE II Operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, T.; Zimoch, D.

    2007-01-01

    The operation of an APPLE II based undulator beamline with all its polarization states (linear horizontal and vertical, circular and elliptical, and continous variation of the linear vector) requires an effective description allowing an automated calculation of gap and shift parameter as function of energy and operation mode. The extension of the linear polarization range from 0 to 180° requires 4 shiftable magnet arrrays, permitting use of the APU (adjustable phase undulator) concept. Studies for a pure fixed gap APPLE II for the SLS revealed surprising symmetries between circular and linear polarization modes allowing for simplified operation. A semi-analytical model covering all types of APPLE II and its implementation will be presented.

  13. 7 CFR 33.5 - Apples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples. 33.5 Section 33.5 Agriculture Regulations...AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.5 Apples. Apples mean fresh whole apples in packages whether or...

  14. MacBride, John by Donal P. McCracken

    E-print Network

    MacBride, John by Donal P. McCracken MacBride, John (1865­1916), officer in the Boer army and a long nose, `Foxy Jack' MacBride worked as a young man in a draper's shop in Castlerea, Co, Roscommon. Nominating as commander John Blake (1856­1907), an Irish American and former US cavalry officer, Mac

  15. Apple mosaic virus

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple mosaic virus (ApMV), a member of the ilarvirus group, naturally infects Betula, Aesculus, Humulus, and several crop genera in the family Rosaceae (Malus, Prunus, Rosa and Rubus). ApMV was first reported in Rubus in several blackberry and raspberry cultivars in the United States and subsequentl...

  16. Apple Replant Disease

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Technical Abstract: Apple replant disease is a significant impediment to the establishment of viable orchards on sites previously planted to the same or related crop. Symptoms of replant disease are evident during the first growing season. Vigorous young trees exhibit an initial period of vegetati...

  17. Fast arithmetic in MacLISP

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steele, G. L., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    MacLISP provides a compiler which produces numerical code competitive in speed with some FORTRAN implementations and yet compatible with the rest of the MacLISP system. All numerical programs can be run under the MacLISP interpreter. Additional declarations to the compiler specify type information which allows the generation of optimized numerical code which generally does not require the garbage collection of temporary numerical results. Array accesses are almost as fast as in FORTRAN, and permit the use of dynamically allocated arrays of varying dimensions. The implementation decisions regarding user interface, data representations, and interfacing conventions are discussed which allow the generation of fast numerical LISP code.

  18. Apple Strength Issues

    SciTech Connect

    Syn, C

    2009-12-22

    Strength of the apple parts has been noticed to decrease, especially those installed by the new induction heating system since the LEP campaign started. Fig. 1 shows the ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS), and elongation of the installed or installation-simulated apples on various systems. One can clearly see the mean values of UTS and YS of the post-LEP parts decreased by about 8 ksi and 6 ksi respectively from those of the pre-LEP parts. The slight increase in elongation seen in Fig.1 can be understood from the weak inverse relationship between the strength and elongation in metals. Fig.2 shows the weak correlation between the YS and elongation of the parts listed in Fig. 1. Strength data listed in Figure 1 were re-plotted as histograms in Figs. 3 and 4. Figs. 3a and 4a show histograms of all UTS and YS data. Figs. 3b and 4b shows histograms of pre-LEP data and Figs. 3c and 4c of post-LEP data. Data on statistical scatter of tensile strengths have been rarely published by material suppliers. Instead, only the minimum 'guaranteed' strength data are typically presented. An example of strength distribution of aluminum 7075-T6 sheet material, listed in Fig. 5, show that its scatter width of both UTS and YS for a single sheet can be about 6 ksi and for multi-lot scatter can be as large as 11 ksi even though the sheets have been produced through well-controlled manufacturing process. By approximating the histograms shown in Figs. 3 and 4 by a Gaussian or similar type of distribution curves, one can plausibly see the strength reductions in the later or more recent apples. The pre-LEP data in Figs. 3b and 4b show wider scatter than the post-LEP data in Figs. 3c and 4c and seem to follow the binomial distribution of strength indicating that the apples might have been made from two different lots of material, either from two different vendors or from two different melts of perhaps slightly different chemical composition by a single vendor. The post-LEP apples seem to have been from a single batch of material. The pre-LEP apples of the weak strength and the post-LEP apples with even weaker strength could have been made of the same batch of material, and the small strength differential might be due to the difference in the induction heating system. If the pre-LEP apples with the lower strength and the post LEP apples are made from the same batch of material, their combined scatter of strength data would be wider and can be understood as a result of the additional processing steps of stress relief and induction heating as discussed.

  19. MAC Design for Analog Network Coding

    E-print Network

    Khabbazian, Majid

    Most medium access control (MAC) mechanisms discard collided packets and consider interference harmful. Recent work on Analog Network Coding (ANC) suggests a different approach, in which multiple interfering transmissions ...

  20. MAC PDP-6 DECtape File Structure

    E-print Network

    Samson, Peter

    1965-07-01

    The MAC system programs, MACDMP, TECO, and MIDAS, assume a certain data structure on DECtapes which they handle. Each DECtape has 1100 blocks of 200 words, numbered 0 through 1077. Block 0 and blocks 1070 through 1077 are ...

  1. User's manual for MacPASCO

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lucas, S. H.; Davis, R. C.

    1992-01-01

    A user's manual is presented for MacPASCO, which is an interactive, graphic, preprocessor for panel design. MacPASCO creates input for PASCO, an existing computer code for structural analysis and sizing of longitudinally stiffened composite panels. MacPASCO provides a graphical user interface which simplifies the specification of panel geometry and reduces user input errors. The user draws the initial structural geometry and reduces user input errors. The user draws the initial structural geometry on the computer screen, then uses a combination of graphic and text inputs to: refine the structural geometry; specify information required for analysis such as panel load and boundary conditions; and define design variables and constraints for minimum mass optimization. Only the use of MacPASCO is described, since the use of PASCO has been documented elsewhere.

  2. MACS as a tool for international inspections

    SciTech Connect

    Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

    1995-08-01

    The MACS/ACRS (Managed Access by Controlled Sensing/Access by Controlled Remote Sensing) system is a collection of communication devices, video capability, and distance-measuring equipment which can effectively substitute for the physical presence of a challenge inspector within a facility. The MACS design allows growth of the prototype, developed in response to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), into a versatile device for inspection of sensitive nuclear facilities under other international arrangements, for example the proposed Fissile Material Cutoff Convention. A MACS/ACRS-type system in a standard, international-recognized configuration could resolve sensitive information and safety concerns through providing a means of achieving the goals of an inspection while excluding the inspector. We believe the technology used to develop MACS for the Defense Nuclear Agency, followed by ACRS for the Department of Energy, is universally adaptable for minimally-intrusive managed-access international inspections of sensitive sites.

  3. Software Price List Apple Applications

    E-print Network

    , Media Encoder, Bridge, Device Center SpeedGrade, Prelude *plus online services and other new apps://at.unh.edu/clusters/services/software.html Number Item Price · Microsoft · 850278 OfficeMac2011License 51.00 851002 OfficeMac2011SP2Media*(850278

  4. AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

    2013-01-01

    The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past three years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

  5. AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

    2013-01-01

    This The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past 3 years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

  6. AeroMACS system characterization and demonstrations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerczewski, R. J.; Apaza, R. D.; Dimond, R. P.

    This The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past three years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

  7. Polyphenol profiles of apple juices.

    PubMed

    Kahle, Kathrin; Kraus, Michael; Richling, Elke

    2005-08-01

    Focusing on 17 constituents, the polyphenol profiles of juices freshly made from various dessert (n = 4) and cider apple cultivars (n = 7) as well as commercially available apple juices (n = 24) were investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and (HPLC)-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI(neg)-MS/MS) analyses. Significant differences in the total polyphenol content as well as the profiles of the apple cultivars under study were observed. For dessert apples the total polyphenol content ranged from 154 to 178 mg/L, whereas for 'old' German cider apple cultivars 261-970 mg/L were determined. Boskoop showed the highest (970 mg/L) and Granny Smith the lowest (154 mg/L) polyphenol content of the freshly prepared samples under study. Hydroxycinnamic acids, with chlorogenic acid as dominating constituent, ranged from 57 to 68 mg/L as well as from 134-593 mg/L in juices made from dessert apples and that from cider apples, respectively. Dessert apple juices showed lower contents of dihydrochalcones (10-35 mg/L) and flavan-3-ols (50-95 mg/L) compared to that of cider apples (34-171 mg/L and 70-393 mg/L, respectively). Quercetin and its derivatives were found from 0.4-4 mg/L and 0.4-27 mg/L in juices made from dessert apples and that of cider apples, respectively. Compared with freshly made juices, lower contents of polyphenols were determined in the commercial samples under study. Amounts ranging from 110-459 mg/L, dominated by chlorogenic acid with concentrations from 53-217 mg/L, were determined. Information about cultivar-typical apple polyphenol content and profile is important for bioactivity studies and, consequently, essential for the development of consumer-relevant products with particular nutritional functionalities. PMID:15991215

  8. Apple Image Processing Educator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gunther, F. J.

    1981-01-01

    A software system design is proposed and demonstrated with pilot-project software. The system permits the Apple II microcomputer to be used for personalized computer-assisted instruction in the digital image processing of LANDSAT images. The programs provide data input, menu selection, graphic and hard-copy displays, and both general and detailed instructions. The pilot-project results are considered to be successful indicators of the capabilities and limits of microcomputers for digital image processing education.

  9. MAC in Motion: Impact of Mobility on the MAC of Drive-Thru Internet

    E-print Network

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    MAC in Motion: Impact of Mobility on the MAC of Drive-Thru Internet Tom H. Luan, Xinhua Ling decade has made possible for the easy Internet access from a vehicle, notably drive-thru Internet the throughput of DCF in the large scale drive-thru Internet scenario. Our model incorporates the high

  10. Title Risk Management for Banks Lecturer Stewart MacKinnon Tutor Stewart MacKinnon

    E-print Network

    Judd, Martin

    Title Risk Management for Banks Lecturer Stewart MacKinnon Tutor Stewart MacKinnon Code AG919 relating to risk management in the banking sector, with a particular focus on the regulatory requirements of banks fully understand the concept of integrated risk management in banks measure and manage the main

  11. Title Financial Management for Banks Lecturer Stewart MacKinnon Tutor Stewart MacKinnon

    E-print Network

    Judd, Martin

    Title Financial Management for Banks Lecturer Stewart MacKinnon Tutor Stewart MacKinnon Code AG922 students with the knowledge and understanding required for managing the financial aspects of a bank's business. By studying the management of a bank's assets and liabilities, students will develop a good

  12. The domestication and evolutionary ecology of apples.

    PubMed

    Cornille, Amandine; Giraud, Tatiana; Smulders, Marinus J M; Roldán-Ruiz, Isabel; Gladieux, Pierre

    2014-02-01

    The cultivated apple is a major fruit crop in temperate zones. Its wild relatives, distributed across temperate Eurasia and growing in diverse habitats, represent potentially useful sources of diversity for apple breeding. We review here the most recent findings on the genetics and ecology of apple domestication and its impact on wild apples. Genetic analyses have revealed a Central Asian origin for cultivated apple, together with an unexpectedly large secondary contribution from the European crabapple. Wild apple species display strong population structures and high levels of introgression from domesticated apple, and this may threaten their genetic integrity. Recent research has revealed a major role of hybridization in the domestication of the cultivated apple and has highlighted the value of apple as an ideal model for unraveling adaptive diversification processes in perennial fruit crops. We discuss the implications of this knowledge for apple breeding and for the conservation of wild apples. PMID:24290193

  13. Installing and Connecting to Lync for iOS devices Page 1 of 6

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yi

    . https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/microsoft-lync-2010-for- iphone/id484293461?mt=8 After Instructions for downloading, installing and configuring Microsoft Lync for iOS from the iOS App Store You can download either by clicking

  14. Century Learning through Apple Technology

    E-print Network

    in the classroom for a rich learning experience. There will be hands-on workshops, in English and in French21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 ­ 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology

  15. Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal), a perennial shrub, is a Federal Noxious Weed that continues to spread at an alarming rate in the southeastern United States. Information is provided on the impact of tropical soda apple on agricultural and natural areas, federal regulations for restricted...

  16. Novel Technologies for Processing Apples

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The desire to develop methods to use machine vision to simultaneous inspect apples for quality issues and for contamination has resulted in the development of a number of new technologies for processing apples. First, a number of imaging techniques and detection methods were developed under laborato...

  17. Revised: 3.28.2014 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for iOS devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    Revised: 3.28.2014 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for iOS and Password Blackboard Mobile Learn for iOS 5 3 4 #12;Revised: 3.28.2014 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile iOS p. 2 of 3, you will be prompted for your Apple ID Password #12;Revised: 3.28.2014 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile iOS p. 3

  18. 7 CFR 33.5 - Apples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples. 33.5 Section 33.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.5 Apples. Apples mean fresh whole...

  19. 7 CFR 33.5 - Apples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples. 33.5 Section 33.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.5 Apples. Apples mean fresh whole...

  20. 7 CFR 33.5 - Apples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples. 33.5 Section 33.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.5 Apples. Apples mean fresh whole...

  1. 7 CFR 33.5 - Apples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples. 33.5 Section 33.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.5 Apples. Apples mean fresh whole...

  2. 7 CFR 33.5 - Apples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples. 33.5 Section 33.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Definitions § 33.5 Apples. Apples mean fresh whole...

  3. On the Feasibility of Large-Scale Infections of iOS Devices Tielei Wang, Yeongjin Jang, Yizheng Chen, Simon Chung, Billy Lau, and Wenke Lee

    E-print Network

    Lee, Wenke

    On the Feasibility of Large-Scale Infections of iOS Devices Tielei Wang, Yeongjin Jang, Yizheng}@cc.gatech.edu Abstract While Apple iOS has gained increasing attention from attackers due to its rising popularity, very few large scale infections of iOS devices have been discovered because of iOS' advanced security

  4. Instructor-Led Computer Classes for PC and MAC

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Instructor-Led Computer Classes for PC and MAC If you have an @Berkeley email address you can Coordinator calpact@berkeley.edu , ph: 643-0451 Instructor-Led Computer Classes for PC and MAC If you have

  5. Norman MacCaig and the fascination of existence 

    E-print Network

    Ingrassia, Nathalie Sylvie

    2014-07-03

    This thesis is a comprehensive study of the poetry of Norman MacCaig. His poems have received relatively little critical attention and scholars appear to have concentrated on a few specific points such as MacCaig’s ...

  6. The gravity apple tree

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Espinosa Aldama, Mariana

    2015-04-01

    The gravity apple tree is a genealogical tree of the gravitation theories developed during the past century. The graphic representation is full of information such as guides in heuristic principles, names of main proponents, dates and references for original articles (See under Supplementary Data for the graphic representation). This visual presentation and its particular classification allows a quick synthetic view for a plurality of theories, many of them well validated in the Solar System domain. Its diachronic structure organizes information in a shape of a tree following similarities through a formal concept analysis. It can be used for educational purposes or as a tool for philosophical discussion.

  7. The Security of MacGuffin David A. Wagner

    E-print Network

    Wagner, David

    The Security of MacGuffin David A. Wagner Abstract. This paper examines MacGuffin, a recently reduced­ round variants of the two block ciphers with a variety of standard statistical tests. Table 1 as DES in these simple tests. Another way to compare the reduced­round variants of DES and Mac

  8. Potassium channels Roderick MacKinnon

    E-print Network

    Alford, Simon

    Minireview Potassium channels Roderick MacKinnonà Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of European Biochemical Societies. Pub- lished by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Key words: Potassium channels; Kþ channels; Ion selectivity; Gating; Voltage dependent ion channels 1. Introduction Potassium

  9. Results from the MAC Vertex chamber

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, H.N.

    1987-05-01

    The design, construction, and performance characteristics of a high precision gaseous drift chamber made of thin walled proportional tubes are described. The device achieved an average spatial resolution of 45 ..mu..m in use for physics analysis with the MAC detector. The B-lifetime result obtained with this chamber is discussed.

  10. Lifetime tests for MAC vertex chamber

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, H.N.

    1986-07-01

    A vertex chamber for MAC was proposed to increase precision in the measurement of the B hadron and tau lepton lifetimes. Thin-walled aluminized mylar drift tubes were used for detector elements. A study of radiation hardness was conducted under the conditions of the proposed design using different gases and different operating conditions. (LEW)

  11. Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology

    E-print Network

    © Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

  12. Managed Access by Controlled Sensing (MACS)

    SciTech Connect

    Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

    1994-08-01

    During chemical weapons challenge inspections, the CWC treaty allows ``alternate means`` of access to be proposed by the nation challenged. BNL`s Safeguards, Safety and Nonproliferation Division is funded by the Defense Nuclear Agency to develop a system to provide the challenge inspection team with a ``virtual presence`` within the facility while denying personal access. A general purpose configuration of a mobile station manned by site personnel and a base station manned by the challenge inspector, supported by a flexible communication system, will allow facility personnel to tailor the basic model to their site. Design of the MACS system is based on maximum use of commercial equipment that is available on the international market. Design requirements for the MACS system include methods of establishing geographical position, distance measuring equipment for use in verifying dimensions on floor plans, video and two-way audio links between the mobile unit and the base station, and portability and versatility of the equipment. The MACS platform will also support deployment of selected instrumentation which the site may offer to the challenge inspection team. This paper describes the design and construction of the prototype MACS system.

  13. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for...

  14. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for...

  15. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for...

  16. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for...

  17. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for...

  18. MACS as a tool for international inspections

    SciTech Connect

    Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

    1995-06-01

    General acceptance of the challenge provision in the Chemical Weapons Convention has the potential for influence in other arms control areas. While most applications of the challenge inspection may be straightforward, there may be instances where access to the site by inspectors may be problematic. The MACS system described in this paper was developed to respond to these situations. Inspection and verification may be difficult when a host is unwilling,for valid reasons, to permit physical access to a site. We proposed a system of remote sensors which may be used to demonstrate compliance with Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) challenge inspections even ff the inspector is physically excluded from a sensitive site. The system is based upon alternative-means-of-access provisions of the CWC. The Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) funded design and construction of a system prototype, designated as MACS for Managed Access by Controlled Sensing. Features of the MACS design allow growth of the prototype into a versatile device for international monitoring of production facilities and other sites. MACS consists of instrumentation and communication equipment allowing site personnel to conduct a facility tour and perform acceptable measurements, while physically excluding the inspector from the facility. MACS consists of a base station used by the inspector, and a mobile unit used within the facility and manipulated by the facility staff. The base station and the mobile unit are @ed by a communication system, currently realized as a fiber optic cable. The mobile unit is equipped with television cameras and remote-reading distance-measuring equipment (DME) for use in verifying locations and dimensions. Global Positioning System receivers on the mobile unit provide both precise location and dead reckoning, suitable for tracking the mobile unit`s position while within a building when satellite signals are not available.

  19. METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Meteorol. Appl. (2013)

    E-print Network

    Ebert, Beth

    2013-01-01

    METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Meteorol. Appl. (2013) Published online in Wiley Online Library Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland f Deutscher Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany g Department, Boulder, CO, USA i Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia ABSTRACT: Verification scientists

  20. Growth and Chromatic Adaptation of Nostoc sp. Strain MAC and the Pigment Mutant R-MAC 1

    PubMed Central

    Kipe-Nolt, Judith A.; Stevens, S. Edward; Bryant, Donald A.

    1982-01-01

    A spontaneous, stable, pigmentation mutant of Nostoc sp. strain MAC was isolated. Under various growth conditions, this mutant, R-MAC, had similar phycoerythrin contents (relative to allophycocyanin) but significantly lower phycocyanin contents (relative to allophycocyanin) than the parent strain. In saturating white light, the mutant grew more slowly than the parent strain. In nonsaturating red light, MAC grew with a shorter generation time than the mutant; however, R-MAC grew more quickly in nonsaturating green light. When the parental and mutant strains were grown in green light, the phycoerythrin contents, relative to allophycocyanin, were significantly higher than the phycoerythrin contents of cells grown in red light. For both strains, the relative phycocyanin contents were only slightly higher for cells grown in red light than for cells grown in green light. These changes characterize both MAC and R-MAC as belonging to chromatic adaptation group II: phycoerythrin synthesis alone photocontrolled. A comparative analysis of the phycobilisomes, isolated from cultures of MAC and R-MAC grown in both red and green light, was performed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of 8.0 molar urea or sodium dodecyl sulfate. Consistent with the assignment of MAC and R-MAC to chromatic adaptation group II, no evidence for the synthesis of red light-inducible phycocyanin subunits was found in either strain. Phycobilisomes isolated from MAC and R-MAC contained linker polypeptides with relative molecular masses of 95, 34.5, 34, 32, and 29 kilodaltons. When grown in red light, phycobilisomes of the mutant R-MAC appeared to contain a slightly higher amount of the 32-kilodalton linker polypeptide than did the phycobilisomes isolated from the parental strain under the same conditions. The 34.5-kilodalton linker polypeptide was totally absent from phycobilisomes isolated from cells of either MAC or R-MAC grown in green light. Images Fig. 4 PMID:16662715

  1. Detection of Spoofed MAC Addresses in 802.11 Wireless Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Kai; Li, Jing; Sampalli, Srinivas

    Medium Access Control (MAC) address spoofing is considered as an important first step in a hacker's attempt to launch a variety of attacks on 802.11 wireless networks. Unfortunately, MAC address spoofing is hard to detect. Most current spoofing detection systems mainly use the sequence number (SN) tracking technique, which has drawbacks. Firstly, it may lead to an increase in the number of false positives. Secondly, such techniques cannot be used in systems with wireless cards that do not follow standard 802.11 sequence number patterns. Thirdly, attackers can forge sequence numbers, thereby causing the attacks to go undetected. We present a new architecture called WISE GUARD (Wireless Security Guard) for detection of MAC address spoofing on 802.11 wireless LANs. It integrates three detection techniques - SN tracking, Operating System (OS) fingerprinting & tracking and Received Signal Strength (RSS) fingerprinting & tracking. It also includes the fingerprinting of Access Point (AP) parameters as an extension to the OS fingerprinting for detection of AP address spoofing. We have implemented WISE GUARD on a test bed using off-the-shelf wireless devices and open source drivers. Experimental results show that the new design enhances the detection effectiveness and reduces the number of false positives in comparison with current approaches.

  2. Characterizing the Interaction Between Routing and MAC Protocols in Ad-Hoc Networks

    SciTech Connect

    Barrett, C. L.; Drozda, M.; Marathe, A.; Marathe, M. V.

    2002-01-01

    We empirically study the effect of mobility on the performance of protocols designed for wireless ad-hoc networks. An important objective is to study the interaction of the Routing and MAC layer protocols under different mobility parameters. We use three basic mobility models: grid mobility model, random waypoint model, and exponential correlated random model. The performance of protocols is measured in terms of (i) latency, (ii) throughput, (iii) number of packets received, (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC and routing layer level. Three different commonly studied routing protocols are used: AODV, DSR and LAR1. Similarly three well known MAC protocols are used: MACA, 802.1 1 and CSMA. Our main contribution is simulation based experiments coupled with rigorous statistical analysis to characterize the interaction of MAC layer protocols with routing layer protocols in ad-hoc networks. From the results, we can conclude the following: e No single MAC or Routing protocol dominated the other protocols in their class. Probably more interestingly, no MAURouting protocol combination was better than other combinations over all scenarios and response variables. 0 In general, it is not meaningful to speak about a MAC or a routing protocol in isolation. Presence of interaction leads to trade-offs between the amount of control packets generated by each layer. The results raise the possibility of improving the performance of a particular MAC layer protocol by using a cleverly designed routing protocol or vice-versa. Thus in order to improve the performanceof a communication network, it is important to study the entire protocol stack as a single algorithmic construct; optimizing individual layers in the seven layer OS1 stack will not yield performance improvements beyond a point. A methodological contribution of this paper is the use of statistical methods such as analysis of variance (ANOVA), to characterize the interaction between the protocols, mobility patterns and speed. Such methods allow us to analyze complicated experiments with large input space in a systematic manner.

  3. Another View of "PC vs. Mac."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeMillion, John A.

    1998-01-01

    An article by Nan Wodarz in the November 1997 issue listed reasons why the Microsoft computer operating system was superior to the Apple Macintosh platform. This rebuttal contends the Macintosh is less expensive, lasts longer, and requires less technical staff for support. (MLF)

  4. Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the

    E-print Network

    Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the bacterium Erwinia. W. Lightner. 1990. Predicting apple blossom infections by Erwinia amylovora using the Maryblyt model for forecasting fire blight disease in apples and pears. University of Maryland, College Park, MD. #12;

  5. Apple iPad IMAP Setup Guide Page 1 of 4 Apple iPad

    E-print Network

    Chin, Wei Ngan

    Apple iPad ­ IMAP Setup Guide Page 1 of 4 Apple iPad IMAP Setup Guide #12;Apple iPad ­ IMAP Setup Guide Page 2 of 4 A. Introduction This document shows the step by step instructions on how to configure your NUS email account in Apple iPad using IMAP. IMAP stands for Internet

  6. Caramel Apples Can Harbor Listeria, Study Finds

    MedlinePLUS

    ... news/fullstory_155150.html Caramel Apples Can Harbor Listeria, Study Finds When not refrigerated, bacteria can grow ... researchers warn. The researchers studied the growth of Listeria monocytogenes bacteria on caramel apples stored at either ...

  7. Apples Are American Kids' Favorite Fruit

    MedlinePLUS

    ... medlineplus/news/fullstory_154733.html Apples Are American Kids' Favorite Fruit But children should broaden their palate, ... News) -- Apples are the favorite fruit of U.S. kids and young people, accounting for almost 20 percent ...

  8. MAC, material accounting database user guide

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, V.K.

    1994-09-22

    The K Basins Material Accounting (MAC) database system user guide describes the user features and functions, and the document is structured like the database menus. This document presents the MAC database system user instructions which explain how to record the movements and configuration of canisters and materials within the K Basins on the computer, the mechanics of handling encapsulation tracking, and administrative functions associated with the system. This document includes the user instructions, which also serve as the software requirements specification for the system implemented on the microcomputer. This includes suggested user keystrokes, examples of screens displayed by the system, and reports generated by the system. It shows how the system is organized, via menus and screens. It does not explain system design nor provide programmer instructions.

  9. Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105: A new FAN of lunar petrology

    SciTech Connect

    Neal, C.R. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN ); Taylor, L.A. ); Lui, Yungang; Schmitt, R.A. )

    1991-11-01

    New lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 represents an exciting new opportunity to study a potentially unsampled region of the Moon. The authors have analyzed six thin sections by electron microprobe and three bulk samples by Instrumental Neutron Activation (INA) in order to determine the chemical characteristics of this new lunar sample. Lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite (FAN) suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts which appear to be of basaltic origin. One of these basaltic clasts (clast E in MAC88105,84) is probably mesostasis material, whereas the second larger clast (clast G) may be similar to the Very Low-Ti (VLT) or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105,69 and ,72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite. There is little evidence of any LKFM (Low-K Fra Mauro or low-K KREEP) contribution to this meteorite, as MAC88104/5 and other brecciated lunar meteorites are Fe-rich and poor in the incompatible elements relative to Apollo 16 regolith and feldspathic breccias. While the exact site of origin for the lunar meteorites cannot be pinpointed, it is evident that they were divided from a relatively KREEP-free ferroan anorthosite terrain.

  10. Detection and Position Method of Apple Tree Image

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Wenhua; Jia, Baoping; Zhang, Xiaochao; Hub, Xiaoan

    Apples should be quickly and correctly detected from their surroundings for the apple harvesting robot. The basic color feature was extracted from FuJi apple tree images and analyzed by the statistical analysis method. Accordingly, a new apple detection method was proposed to position the centroid of picking apples. The color difference was used to segment apples from their surroundings. Then the picking apples were chosen by area parameter. After that, the conglutinated apples were segmented by bidirectional scanning line algorithm. Finally, all of picking apples were positioned by their circumdiameter matching algorithm. The experimental result showed that the correct classification rate of apple fruit achieved 90%.

  11. MacIntyre, Dante and Modernity

    E-print Network

    Corbett, G. P.

    2014-12-23

    ethical tradition. In the ‘tradition’ project, whose greatest protagonist is Aristotle, virtues guide man from ‘man-as-he-happens-to-be’ to ‘man-as-he-could-be-if-he-realised-his-telos’. The Enlightenment project, however, rationally defends virtues only... , arguably, the moral structure of the Inferno may be understood principally in terms of natural law and the ethics of Aristotle (a reason-bound moral landscape), the Purgatory and Paradiso are emphatically revelation-bound moral landscapes. Mac...

  12. Connecting your Apple to Octopus 7600's

    SciTech Connect

    Barton, G.W. Jr.

    1983-01-17

    In UCID-19588, Communicating between the Apple and the Wang, we described how to take Apple DOS text files and send them to the Wang, and how to return Wang files to the Apple. It is also possible to use your Apple as an Octopus terminal, and to exchange files with Octopus 7600's. Presumably, you can also talk to the Crays, or any other part of the system. This connection has another virtue. It eliminates one of the terminals in your office.

  13. Visualization of integrin Mac-1 in vivo.

    PubMed

    Lim, Kihong; Hyun, Young-Min; Lambert-Emo, Kris; Topham, David J; Kim, Minsoo

    2015-11-01

    ?2 integrins play critical roles in migration of immune cells and in the interaction with other cells, pathogens, and the extracellular matrix. Among the ?2 integrins, Mac-1 (Macrophage antigen-1), composed of CD11b and CD18, is mainly expressed in innate immune cells and plays a major role in cell migration and trafficking. In order to image Mac-1-expressing cells both in live cells and mouse, we generated a knock-in (KI) mouse strain expressing CD11b conjugated with monomeric yellow fluorescent protein (mYFP). Expression of CD11b-mYFP protein was confirmed by Western blot and silver staining of CD11b-immunoprecipitates and total cell lysates from the mouse splenocytes. Mac-1-mediated functions of the KI neutrophils were comparable with those in WT cells. The fluorescence intensity of CD11b-mYFP was sufficient to image CD11b expressing cells in live mice using intravital two-photon microscopy. In vitro, dynamic changes in the intracellular localization of CD11b molecules could be measured by epifluorescent microscopy. Finally, CD11b-expressing immune cells from tissue were easily detected by flow cytometry without anti-CD11b antibody staining. PMID:26342259

  14. Borers in New Hampshire Apple Trees Several species of insects bore into New Hampshire apple trees, including roundheaded apple tree borer,

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    Hampshire apple trees. The adults are striking brown-and-white-striped beetles, almost an inch longBorers in New Hampshire Apple Trees Several species of insects bore into New Hampshire apple trees, including roundheaded apple tree borer, flatheaded apple-tree borer, dogwood borer (and the uncommon look

  15. Apple Harvest Time! Determining when apples are ready to be harvested can be tricky. You need to know the variety of the apple and its approximate harvest

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    to judge if an apple variety is ready is to check seed color. Seeds will go from white to brown, pretty apple, flesh browns quickly when cut Not a cooking apple September ~ December Red DeliciousApple Harvest Time! Determining when apples are ready to be harvested can be tricky. You need

  16. Os Trigonum Syndrome

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ACFAS | Información en Español Advanced Search Home » Foot & Ankle Conditions » Os Trigonum Syndrome Text Size Print Bookmark ... extra (accessory) bone that sometimes develops behind the ankle bone (talus). It is connected to the talus ...

  17. Apple Pie Parser (version 5.7)

    E-print Network

    Manual of Apple Pie Parser (version 5.7) July. 15. 1996 Satoshi SEKINE Computer Science Department://cs.nyu.edu/cs/projects/proteus/sekine #12; Golden Rules to Make Perfect Apple Pie 1. Perfect and fresh apples should be used 2. All, prheated oven to ensure well­done fruit, brown and flaky crust, and thick juices 5. Have friends who love

  18. Insect and Mite Management in Apples

    E-print Network

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Insect and Mite Management in Apples Rick Foster Department of Entomology #12;Pests that Attack Fruit Codling moth Plum curculio Apple maggot #12;Pests that Attack Other Parts Japanese beetle European red mite Rosy apple aphid Spotted tentiform leafminer #12;Codling Moth Codling Moth #12;Codling Moth

  19. The APPL "Learning Map"

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Root Learning, a learning consulting organization with a background in strategic planning, recognizes the knowledge gap that frequently exists between a leadership team and the rest of an organization. Team members supposedly working toward the same goal don't always have the same vision as to where the organization is headed, and they may not understand how the piece they are accountable for fits into the big picture. To address these complex problems, Root Learning utilizes the age-old tools of sarcasm, metaphor and graphics (much in the same way that ASK uses a traditional storytelling format.) The company is best known for creating "Learning Maps" like this one: humorous drawings based on the inner workings of an organization. Their purpose is to put complex topics on the table, to stimulate discussion, and to ultimately give team members a common vision of where the organization is going and what role they personally play in getting there. APPL knows how effective it is to incorporate new and engaging techniques into its knowledge sharing programs. By collaborating with Root Learning, we were able to expand the knowledge of the organization and add one more of these techniques to our repertoire.

  20. Collaborative Sharing of Windows between MacOS X, the X Window System and Windows

    E-print Network

    Bjørndalen, John Markus

    , and this will limit interactive group interactions. A more complicated approach uses a remote desktop system to share, cross platform environment. Current collaborative solutions offering users shared application access are limited in that they either share an entire desktop, or that sharing is built into the collaborative

  1. Term Paper Spring 2004 Collaborative Sharing of Windows between MacOS X,

    E-print Network

    Stødle, Daniel

    rather than facilitate it. A more complicated approach uses a remote desktop solution to share what one best can share windows between many different comput- ers in a collaborative, cross platform in that they either share an entire desktop, or that the sharing is built into the collaborative application, limiting

  2. W-MAC: a workload-aware MAC protocol for heterogeneous convergecast in wireless sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Xia, Ming; Dong, Yabo; Lu, Dongming

    2011-01-01

    The power consumption and latency of existing MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are high in heterogeneous convergecast, where each sensor node generates different amounts of data in one convergecast operation. To solve this problem, we present W-MAC, a workload-aware MAC protocol for heterogeneous convergecast in WSNs. A subtree-based iterative cascading scheduling mechanism and a workload-aware time slice allocation mechanism are proposed to minimize the power consumption of nodes, while offering a low data latency. In addition, an efficient schedule adjustment mechanism is provided for adapting to data traffic variation and network topology change. Analytical and simulation results show that the proposed protocol provides a significant energy saving and latency reduction in heterogeneous convergecast, and can effectively support data aggregation to further improve the performance. PMID:22163753

  3. GENETIC FINGERPRINTING OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS ISOLATED FROM HOSPITAL PATIENTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    A particularly pathogenic group of mycobacteria belong to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), which includes M. avium and M. intracellulare. MAC organisms cause disease in children, the elderly, and immuno-compromised individuals. A critical step in preventing MAC infections...

  4. Klessen & Mac Low: Chamonix, 01.06.2007 Challenges in star andChallenges in star and

    E-print Network

    Klessen,Ralf

    Mac Low American Museum of Natural History Challenges in star andChallenges in star and planet-MarkMordecai-Mark Mac LowMac Low American Museum of Natural History ZAH/ITA & MPIA Heidelberg #12;Klessen & Mac Low

  5. Apples and Pears Leaf Analysis Interpretation Apples and Pears

    E-print Network

    filters and nozzles. Soil treatments can be applied with a weed sprayer or blended into fertilizer, Fertilizing Fruit Crops, and E-2482, Plant Tissue Analysis for Determining Fertilizer Needs of Michigan FruitIntosh-types. Fertilizer Recommendations Apples and Pears: Nitrogen: Increase N rates by 10% for each tenth of a percent

  6. Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits.

    PubMed

    Boyer, Jeanelle; Liu, Rui Hai

    2004-05-12

    Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids from fruits and vegetables may play a key role in reducing chronic disease risk. Apples are a widely consumed, rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption of apples with reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes. In the laboratory, apples have been found to have very strong antioxidant activity, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, decrease lipid oxidation, and lower cholesterol. Apples contain a variety of phytochemicals, including quercetin, catechin, phloridzin and chlorogenic acid, all of which are strong antioxidants. The phytochemical composition of apples varies greatly between different varieties of apples, and there are also small changes in phytochemicals during the maturation and ripening of the fruit. Storage has little to no effect on apple phytochemicals, but processing can greatly affect apple phytochemicals. While extensive research exists, a literature review of the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals has not been compiled to summarize this work. The purpose of this paper is to review the most recent literature regarding the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals, phytochemical bioavailability and antioxidant behavior, and the effects of variety, ripening, storage and processing on apple phytochemicals. PMID:15140261

  7. Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits

    PubMed Central

    Boyer, Jeanelle; Liu, Rui Hai

    2004-01-01

    Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids from fruits and vegetables may play a key role in reducing chronic disease risk. Apples are a widely consumed, rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption of apples with reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes. In the laboratory, apples have been found to have very strong antioxidant activity, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, decrease lipid oxidation, and lower cholesterol. Apples contain a variety of phytochemicals, including quercetin, catechin, phloridzin and chlorogenic acid, all of which are strong antioxidants. The phytochemical composition of apples varies greatly between different varieties of apples, and there are also small changes in phytochemicals during the maturation and ripening of the fruit. Storage has little to no effect on apple phytochemicals, but processing can greatly affect apple phytochemicals. While extensive research exists, a literature review of the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals has not been compiled to summarize this work. The purpose of this paper is to review the most recent literature regarding the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals, phytochemical bioavailability and antioxidant behavior, and the effects of variety, ripening, storage and processing on apple phytochemicals. PMID:15140261

  8. PERKS AND CULTURE Signing bonus

    E-print Network

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    Cloud - not to mention the system-level software for iPhone and Apple TV - all started here. This team is on the front line of Apple's constant charge towards innovation. Apple designs Macs, the best personal computers in the world, along with OS X, iLife, iWork and professional software. Apple leads the digital music revolution

  9. iOS Hardware as a Sensor Platform: DMM Case Daniel Brateris

    E-print Network

    Krchnavek, Robert R.

    : krchnavek@rowan.edu Abstract--iOS is Apple's mobile operating system and is presently used on the iPhone, i, battery management, WiFi support, 3G support, rich touch-based user interface support and many more. The i: · Low cost. An iPhone can be purchased for $200 (with a wireless plan). An iPod Touch running iOS can

  10. Impossible Differential Cryptanalysis of Pelican, MT-MAC-AES and PC-MAC-AES

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA gxu4uwm@uwm.edu Abstract Introduction Message Authentication Code (MAC) is a symmetric cryptographic primitive, which provides data and This work is supported by the National Outstanding Young Scientist (No.60525201) and National 973 Program

  11. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2009 Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan Apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU AgBioResearch NW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT #1 September 16, 2009 General Comments - This year the NWMHRS will be testing apples

  12. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2007 Nikki Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU Ag Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity Line (231) 947-3063 NW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT #1 August

  13. Interview of David MacDougall

    E-print Network

    MacDougall, David

    2007-08-03

    of David MacDougall by Alan Macfarlane, 29th and 30th June 2007 0:05:08 Born New Hampshire, US, 1939; parents both teachers at a progressive co-educational boarding school; father, Canadian, trained as a civil engineer but both parents taught during... cinematographer and I now feel we should have done more sharing of jobs, but we did collaborate very well in the field and in the editing stage SECOND PART 0:05:08 Turkana films took several years to edit; problems in the filming due to remoteness of the place...

  14. Dry bin filler for apples

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A unique dry bin filler for apples using a sequenced tray was developed to reduce bruising in packing operations. Research and commercial trials in West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Washington State demonstrated the ability to fill bins evenly and with low damage. Cultivars with different bruising su...

  15. "Newton's Apple" Goes to School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoelscher, Karen

    1994-01-01

    Describes the repurposing of a Public Broadcasting Service television series, "Newton's Apple," into interactive videodisks for middle school science classrooms. Topics discussed include the goals of the project; components of the videodisks, including video, still photos, print materials, teacher's guide, and software; and feedback and evaluation…

  16. APPLE SNAILS AS DISEASE VECTORS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple snails (Ampullariidae) are intermediate hosts of parasites causing at least three diseases in humans: cercarial dermatitis (“swimmer’s itch”) caused by trematode cercaria, intestinal problems caused by flukes in the genus Echinostoma, and eosinophilic meningitis caused by the nematode Angiostr...

  17. Intel-Based Mac Computers Improve Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technology & Learning, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Today, Mac computers offer schools an easy and powerful way to engage students in learning, foster 21st century skills and leverage existing software assets. Innovative software and hardware built into the Mac allows students to demonstrate their individual strengths--empowering them to be creators of content, rather than just consumers. Judging…

  18. 42 CFR 423.2128 - Action of the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Action of the MAC. 423.2128 Section 423.2128 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... Judicial Review § 423.2128 Action of the MAC. (a) After it has reviewed all the evidence in...

  19. 42 CFR 423.2128 - Action of the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Action of the MAC. 423.2128 Section 423.2128 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... Judicial Review § 423.2128 Action of the MAC. (a) After it has reviewed all the evidence in...

  20. REGIONAL ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX(MAC)

    EPA Science Inventory

    There is accumulating evidence that potable water is a source of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). The linkage of mycobacteriosis to drinking water has been shown in AIDS populations where up to 8% of deaths in this group is attributed to MAC. Infection with these organisms ha...

  1. Side-Channel Analysis of MAC-Keccak Hardware Implementations

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    remaining an open problem. In this paper, we present a comprehensive and prac- tical side-channel analysis method targeting the first round output of MAC-Keccak rather than the linear operation only. The results code (MAC) is a short piece of information generated by hash functions on the message and a secret key

  2. On the orthogonality of the MacDonald s functions

    SciTech Connect

    Passian, Ali; Simpson, Henry; Koucheckian, Sherwin; Yakubovich, Semyon

    2009-01-01

    A proof of an orthogonality relation for the MacDonald's functions with identical arguments but unequal complex lower indices is presented. The orthogonality is derived first via a heuristic approach based on the Mehler-Fock integral transform of the MacDonald's functions, and then proved rigorously using a polynomial approximation procedure.

  3. MacCready awarded Outstanding Student Paper

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parker MacCready was selected by the Ocean Sciences Section to receive their Outstanding Student Paper Award from the 1989 Fall Meeting in San Francisco for his paper entitled “Stratified Spin-up Over a Slope.” Following receipt of his Bachelor's degree in architecture from Yale in 1982, MacCready went to China for 5 months to study the language. On his return to Pasadena he worked for 3 years for Aerovironment, Inc., concentrating on building and flying a human-powered aircraft and a giant wing-flapping replica of a pterosaur. Having become interested in the aerodynamics of flappingwing propulsion, he continued his studies at Caltech, where he received his Master's degree in 1986. His informal thesis project was a human-powered hydrofoil boat with flapping-wing propulsion. He is currently working on his doctorate in physical oceanography at the University of Washington, where he is studying the dynamics of stratified, rotating boundary layers over topography. His switch to oceanography was motivated by his feeling that environmental fluid mechanics would become an increasingly relevant subject in light of increasing world pollution. In the future he hopes to go into environmental politics, perhaps in a scientific advisory role.

  4. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  5. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  6. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  7. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  8. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  9. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  10. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  11. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The Apple Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2005 and...

  12. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  13. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  14. Association Between Apple Consumption and Physician Visits

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Matthew A.; Bynum, Julie P.W.; Sirovich, Brenda E.

    2015-01-01

    IMPORTANCE Fruit consumption is believed to have beneficial health effects, and some claim, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between eating an apple a day and keeping the doctor away. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of the noninstitutionalized US adult population. A total of 8728 adults 18 years and older from the 2007–2008 and 2009–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey completed a 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire and reported that the quantity of food they ate was reflective of their usual daily diet. EXPOSURES Daily apple eaters (consuming the equivalent of at least 1 small apple daily, or 149 g of raw apple) vs non–apple eaters, based on the reported quantity of whole apple consumed during the 24-hour dietary recall period. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary outcome measure was success at “keeping the doctor away,” measured as no more than 1 visit (self-reported) to a physician during the past year; secondary outcomes included successful avoidance of other health care services (ie, no overnight hospital stays, visits to a mental health professional, or prescription medications). RESULTS Of 8399 eligible study participants who completed the dietary recall questionnaire, we identified 753 adult apple eaters (9.0%)—those who typically consume at least 1 small apple per day. Compared with the 7646 non–apple eaters (91.0%), apple eaters had higher educational attainment, were more likely to be from a racial or ethnic minority, and were less likely to smoke (P < .001 for each comparison). Apple eaters were more likely, in the crude analysis, to keep the doctor (and prescription medications) away: 39.0% of apple eaters avoided physician visits vs 33.9%of non–apple eaters (P = .03). After adjusting for sociodemographic and health-related characteristics, however, the association was no longer statistically significant (OR, 1.19; 95%CI, 0.93–1.53; P = .15). In the adjusted analysis, apple eaters also remained marginally more successful at avoiding prescription medications (odds ratio, 1.27; 95%CI, 1.00–1.63). There were no differences seen in overnight hospital stay or mental health visits. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Evidence does not support that an apple a day keeps the doctor away; however, the small fraction of US adults who eat an apple a day do appear to use fewer prescription medications. PMID:25822137

  15. Orienting apples for imaging using their inertial properties and random apple loading

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The inability to control apple orientation during imaging has hindered development of automated systems for sorting apples for defects such as bruises and for safety issues such as fecal contamination. Recently, a potential method for orienting apples based on their inertial properties was discovere...

  16. Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection Vermont

    E-print Network

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample;Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Washing Leaf Samples 1. Wash the leaf samples

  17. Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105 - A new 'FAN' of lunar petrology. [ferroan anorthosite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neal, Clive R.; Taylor, Lawrence A.; Lui, Yun-Gang; Schmitt, Roman A.

    1991-01-01

    To determine the chemical characteristics of the MAC88104/5 meteorite six thin sections and three bulk samples were analyzed by electron microprobe and instrumental neutron activation. It is concluded that this meteorite is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts of basaltic origin. It is suggested that one of these basaltic clasts, clast E, is mesostasis material, and clast G is similar to the very low-Ti or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105, 69, and 72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite.

  18. A Season of Apples The Cornell Orchards grows 50+ apple varieties. This chart shows the estimated harvest times for our apples.

    E-print Network

    Manning, Sturt

    A Season of Apples The Cornell Orchards grows 50+ apple varieties. This chart shows the estimated harvest times for our apples. (*indicates varieties developed at Cornell) Variety Aug Sept Oct Nov Best, baking, sauce Rubyfrost* Fresh eating, baking, sauce Jazz Fresh eating, salad, long storage apple Envy

  19. A ferroan region of the lunar highlands as recorded in meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105

    SciTech Connect

    Jolliff, B.L.; Korotev, R.L.; Haskin, L.A. )

    1991-11-01

    MacAlpine Hills 88104 and 88105 (MAC88104/5) are paired meteorites of noritic anorthosite composition from the lunar highlands. MAC88105 is a breccia composed mainly of melt-breccia clasts in a fine-grained, fragmental, and partly glassy matrix. The most abundant melt lithologies are feldspathic and are similar in composition to the bulk meteorite. Other melt lithologies include feldspathic melt rocks, mafic melt breccias, and a rare melt breccia relatively enriched in incompatible trace elements. Subordinate lithic clasts are granulitic breccias and ferroan (relatively low Mg/(Mg + Fe)) igneous lithologies, including troctolitic anorthosite, anorthositic norite, gabbronorite, and anorthosite. Igneous clasts having mafic mineral compositions more magnesian than Fo{sub 55} and En{sub 60} were not observed. Rare fragments of glass spheres and shards as well as glass clasts indicate that the meteorite was derived from an immature regolith. The bulk composition of MAC88105 is characterized by a molar Mg/(Mg + Fe) ratio of 0.62, at the extreme low end of the range for meteorites from the lunar highlands. Its low concentrations of incompatible trace elements and feldspathic bulk composition (29% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), suggests that it, like the other lunar meteorites, formed at a site far removed from the areas sampled by the Apollo missions. Similarities in mineral compositions among the different lithologies of the breccia and the distribution of mineral fragments suggest that most components of the meteorite were derived from a crustal section dominated by material with a noritic anorthosite composition and an affinity of the ferroan suite of plutonic rocks.

  20. Apple cuticle: the perfect interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curry, Eric; Arey, Bruce

    2010-06-01

    The domestic apple might well be called an 'extreme' fruit. In the arid Northwest United States, the fruit often tolerates surface temperatures ranging from -2 °C in the early spring to 50 °C in the heat of summer, and again to -2 °C during controlled postharvest storage for up to 12 months. During its 18-month existence, the apple maintains a cuticle that is dynamic and environmentally responsive to protect against 1) cellular water loss during desiccation stress and 2) excessive uptake of standing surface moisture. Physiological disorders of the peel such as russeting, cracking, splitting, flecking and lenticel marking, develop as epidermal cells respond to rapid changes in ambient conditions at specific developmental stages during the growing season. Resultant market losses underlie research investigating the nature of apple cuticle growth and development. Ultrastructural analysis of the pro-cuticle using scanning electron microscopy indicates an overlapping network of lipid-based distally-elongating microtubules--produced by and connected to epidermal cells--which co-polymerize to form an organic solvent-insoluble semi-permeable cutin matrix. Microtubule elongation, aggregation, and polymerization function together as long as the fruit continues to enlarge. The nature of lipid transport from the epidermal cells through the cell wall to become part of the cuticular matrix was explored using an FEI Helios NanoLabTM DualBeamTM focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope on chemically- and cryo-fixed peel tissue from mature or freshly harvested apples. Based on microtubule dimensions, regular projections found at the cell/cuticle interface suggest an array of microtubule-like structures associated with the epidermal cell.

  1. Cooperative Energy Harvesting-Adaptive MAC Protocol for WBANs

    PubMed Central

    Esteves, Volker; Antonopoulos, Angelos; Kartsakli, Elli; Puig-Vidal, Manel; Miribel-Català, Pere; Verikoukis, Christos

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a cooperative medium access control (MAC) protocol, named cooperative energy harvesting (CEH)-MAC, that adapts its operation to the energy harvesting (EH) conditions in wireless body area networks (WBANs). In particular, the proposed protocol exploits the EH information in order to set an idle time that allows the relay nodes to charge their batteries and complete the cooperation phase successfully. Extensive simulations have shown that CEH-MAC significantly improves the network performance in terms of throughput, delay and energy efficiency compared to the cooperative operation of the baseline IEEE 802.15.6 standard. PMID:26029950

  2. PC vs. Mac--Which Way Should You Go?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wodarz, Nan

    1997-01-01

    Outlines the factors in hardware, software, and administration to consider in developing specifications for choosing a computer operating system. Compares Microsoft Windows 95/NT that runs on PC/Intel-based systems and System 7.5 that runs on the Apple-based systems. Lists reasons why the Microsoft platform clearly stands above the Apple platform.…

  3. PAD-MAC: Primary User Activity-Aware Distributed MAC for Multi-Channel Cognitive Radio Networks

    PubMed Central

    Ali, Amjad; Piran, Md. Jalil; Kim, Hansoo; Yun, Jihyeok; Suh, Doug Young

    2015-01-01

    Cognitive radio (CR) has emerged as a promising technology to solve problems related to spectrum scarcity and provides a ubiquitous wireless access environment. CR-enabled secondary users (SUs) exploit spectrum white spaces opportunistically and immediately vacate the acquired licensed channels as primary users (PUs) arrive. Accessing the licensed channels without the prior knowledge of PU traffic patterns causes severe throughput degradation due to excessive channel switching and PU-to-SU collisions. Therefore, it is significantly important to design a PU activity-aware medium access control (MAC) protocol for cognitive radio networks (CRNs). In this paper, we first propose a licensed channel usage pattern identification scheme, based on a two-state Markov model, and then estimate the future idle slots using previous observations of the channels. Furthermore, based on these past observations, we compute the rank of each available licensed channel that gives SU transmission success assessment during the estimated idle slot. Secondly, we propose a PU activity-aware distributed MAC (PAD-MAC) protocol for heterogeneous multi-channel CRNs that selects the best channel for each SU to enhance its throughput. PAD-MAC controls SU activities by allowing them to exploit the licensed channels only for the duration of estimated idle slots and enables predictive and fast channel switching. To evaluate the performance of the proposed PAD-MAC, we compare it with the distributed QoS-aware MAC (QC-MAC) and listen-before-talk MAC schemes. Extensive numerical results show the significant improvements of the PAD-MAC in terms of the SU throughput, SU channel switching rate and PU-to-SU collision rate. PMID:25831084

  4. Manipulating the electron distribution through a combination of electron injection and MacKenzie’s Maxwell Demon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yip, Chi-Shung; Hershkowitz, Noah

    2015-06-01

    Experiments on electron heating are performed in a biased hot filament-produced argon plasma. Electrons are confined by multi-dipole magnetic fields on the radial wall of the cylindrical chamber but not the planar end walls. Electron heating is provided by a combination of cold electron injection (Hershowitz N and Leung K N 1975 Appl. Phys. Lett. 26 607) and a MacKenzie Maxwell Demon (Mackenzie K R et al 1971 Appl. Phys. Lett. 18 529). This approach allows the manipulation of the electrons by introducing a depleted tail into the electron energy distribution function or by removing a depleted tail. It is found that the injected electrons mimic and thermalize with the electron species with the closest average energy or temperature. The effect of the injected electrons is optimal when they mimic the secondary electrons emitted from the wall instead of the degraded primary electrons. Both approaches combine to achieve increases in electron temperature Te from 0.67 to 2.8?eV, which was not significantly higher than using each approach alone.

  5. Role of ATP binding and hydrolysis in assembly of MacAB-TolC macrolide transporter.

    PubMed

    Lu, Shuo; Zgurskaya, Helen I

    2012-12-01

    MacB is a founding member of the Macrolide Exporter family of transporters belonging to the ATP-Binding Cassette superfamily. These proteins are broadly represented in genomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and are implicated in virulence and protection against antibiotics and peptide toxins. MacB transporter functions together with MacA, a periplasmic membrane fusion protein, which stimulates MacB ATPase. In Gram-negative bacteria, MacA is believed to couple ATP hydrolysis to transport of substrates across the outer membrane through a TolC-like channel. In this study, we report a real-time analysis of concurrent ATP hydrolysis and assembly of MacAB-TolC complex. MacB binds nucleotides with a low millimolar affinity and fast on- and off-rates. In contrast, MacA-MacB complex is formed with a nanomolar affinity, which further increases in the presence of ATP. Our results strongly suggest that association between MacA and MacB is stimulated by ATP binding to MacB but remains unchanged during ATP hydrolysis cycle. We also found that the large periplasmic loop of MacB plays the major role in coupling reactions separated in two different membranes. This loop is required for MacA-dependent stimulation of MacB ATPase and at the same time, contributes to recruitment of TolC into a trans-envelope complex. PMID:23057817

  6. Nora Tully MacAlvay--Her Life in the Theatre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Dorothy

    1996-01-01

    Recounts the life and times of a pioneer children's theater playwright and fiction author, Nora Tully MacAlvay (1900-86). Points out that her interest in children's theater and children's literature was lifelong and intense. (PA)

  7. 5. Photocopy of drawing of Mac Dougall furnace in roaster ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Photocopy of drawing of Mac Dougall furnace in roaster building from John L. Bray, The Principles of Metallurgy Ginn & Co., New York, 1929. - International Smelting & Refining Company, Tooele Smelter, Roaster Building, State Route 178, Tooele, Tooele County, UT

  8. MacDonagh, Thomas by Lawrence William White

    E-print Network

    unitarianism to Roman catholicism) deep interests in music and literature, and a grave sense of high moral purpose. Education and early career After primary education under his father in Cloughjordan, Mac

  9. 42 CFR 423.1974 - Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review... Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE...

  10. 42 CFR 422.608 - Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review... Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM MEDICARE ADVANTAGE...

  11. Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Budinger, James M.; Hall, Edward

    2011-01-01

    To help increase the capacity and efficiency of the nation s airports, a secure wideband wireless communications system is proposed for use on the airport surface. This paper provides an overview of the research and development process for the Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS). AeroMACS is based on a specific commercial profile of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.16 standard known as Wireless Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access or WiMAX (WiMax Forum). The paper includes background on the need for global interoperability in air/ground data communications, describes potential AeroMACS applications, addresses allocated frequency spectrum constraints, summarizes the international standardization process, and provides findings and recommendations from the world s first AeroMACS prototype implemented in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

  12. Paul R. MacPherson Teaching Fellowships Application Form

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Michael

    Paul R. MacPherson Teaching Fellowships Application Form Applicant's Name about the Fellowships, including requirements, award details, and selection criteria, are available from: http://miietl.mcmaster.ca/site/the-paul-r-macpherson-teaching-fellowships/ To be considered

  13. In memory of Lloyd D. MacLean

    PubMed Central

    Meakins, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Summary Canadian surgery has lost one of its great leaders. Dr. Lloyd Douglas MacLean died in his sleep on Jan. 14, 2015, at 90 years of age. This commentary highlights his contributions to Canadian surgery. PMID:26204373

  14. Prediction of Apple Quality by Optical Properties

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Optical properties (i.e., absorption and scattering) are useful for assessing the internal quality of apples such as firmness and soluble solids content (SSC). A spatially-resolved hyperspectral imaging technique was developed to measure the optical properties of apples for predicting fruit firmness...

  15. Construction of MIMO MAC Codes Achieving the Pigeon Hole Bound

    E-print Network

    Ernvall, Toni

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides a general construction method for multiple-input multiple-output multiple access channel codes (MIMO MAC codes) that have so called generalized full rank property. The achieved constructions give a positive answer to the question whether it is generally possible to reach the so called pigeon hole bound, that is an upper bound for the decay of determinants of MIMO-MAC channel codes.

  16. A tribute to Lloyd D. MacLean

    PubMed Central

    Keith, Roger G.

    2015-01-01

    Summary Dr. Lloyd D. MacLean, long-time co-editor of the Canadian Journal of Surgery passed away earlier this year at the age of 90. In order to appreciate the contributions of Dr. MacLean to the journal, this commentary recognizes him as a humble surgeon–scientist who was one of — if not the — most outstanding Canadian ambassadors to academic surgery in North America. PMID:26204372

  17. Conformal holonomy in MacDowell-Mansouri gravity

    SciTech Connect

    Reid, James A.; Wang, Charles H.-T.

    2014-03-15

    The MacDowell-Mansouri formulation of general relativity is based on a gauge theory whose gauge algebra depends on the sign of the cosmological constant. In this article, we show that the gauge algebra is uniquely determined by the conformal structure of spacetime itself. Specifically, we show that in vacuum: the spacetime conformal holonomy algebra coincides with the MacDowell-Mansouri gauge algebra for both signs of the cosmological constant, in both Lorentzian and Euclidean metric signatures.

  18. 4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 1/12

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 1 5. Run the installer #12;4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 2/12 6. Click "Continue" on the Welcome screen 4. Click "Continue" on the SLA screen #12

  19. ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE CO

    E-print Network

    Groppi, Christopher

    ADIOS ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE CO NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY TABLES ADIOS - ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE COMPUTER TABLE FOR CONTENTS Page I Module and Apple Card (Photograph) Figure 3 Complete Apple/ADIOS System (Photograph) Figure 4 Analog

  20. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2008 Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU AgBioResearch Current pricing information can be obtained at the following web sites: http://www.bhfm.com/ NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple

  1. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 2 August 31, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 2 ­ August 31, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown-Rytlewski, and Mark Longstroth Michigan State University This is the first of weekly apple maturity report for SW. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including

  2. Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2015/16

    E-print Network

    Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2015/16 Following are the 2015/16 priorities of the Michigan Apple Committee. (In priority order.) 1. Increase demand To conduct consumer related research that will help sell Michigan Apples more profitably. a. Market research b. Value ­ convenience, apples versus

  3. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2006 Jim Project GREEEN Michigan State Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple sites: www.ams.usda.gov/marketnews.htm www.bhfm.com NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity

  4. Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15

    E-print Network

    Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15 Following are the 2014/15 priorities of the Michigan Apple Committee. (In priority order.) 1. Increase demand To conduct consumer related research that will help sell Michigan Apples more profitably. a. Market research b. Value ­ convenience, apples versus

  5. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 1 August 25, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 1 ­ August 25, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown-Rytlewski, and Mark Longstroth Michigan State University This is the first of weekly apple maturity report for SW. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including

  6. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2005 Jim Project GREEEN Michigan State Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple sites: www.ams.usda.gov/marketnews.htm www.bhfm.com NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity

  7. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50 Agriculture... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for processing” as used in § 33.12 of this part apply only and is restricted to...

  8. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50 Agriculture... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for processing” as used in § 33.12 of this part apply only and is restricted to...

  9. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50 Agriculture... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for processing” as used in § 33.12 of this part apply only and is restricted to...

  10. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50 Agriculture... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for processing” as used in § 33.12 of this part apply only and is restricted to...

  11. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50 Agriculture... ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules § 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms “apples for processing” as used in § 33.12 of this part apply only and is restricted to...

  12. Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop

    E-print Network

    Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop maturity. Flesh firmness, as measured with a pressure gauge, determines how long apples can adequate firmness for fresh market or processing uses. A second common assay for apple maturity

  13. Degradation of parathion methyl on field-sprayed apples and stored apples.

    PubMed

    Pappas, C J; Kyriakidis, N B; Athanasopoulos, P E

    1999-01-01

    Residue levels of parathion methyl on field-sprayed Granny-Smith apples were studied. The pesticide was applied according to producer recommendations. Apples received a single spraying at a rate of 40 g active ingredient/100 L. Residues were determined with a simple gas chromatographic method. Recovery of parathion methyl was 88-108%, and the limit of determination was 0.002 mg/kg. Decomposition of parathion methyl was studied in apples remaining on trees after spraying and in apples harvested and stored under ambient-temperature, refrigerated-room, and controlled-atmosphere conditions. During post harvest storage, parathion methyl degrades more slowly than on apples remaining on the trees. Best-fit curves were determined, and kinetic equations, rate constants, and half-lives were calculated. Half-lives found were 8 days for apples on trees, 45 days for apples stored at ambient conditions, 68 days for apples stored in controlled-atmosphere room, and 62 days for apples stored in a refrigerated room. Under storage conditions, levels of parathion methyl residues need a long time to become lower than the legal limit (0.2 mg/kg). PMID:10191541

  14. The many faces of Mac-1 in autoimmune disease.

    PubMed

    Rosetti, Florencia; Mayadas, Tanya N

    2016-01-01

    Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) is a ?2 integrin classically regarded as a pro-inflammatory molecule because of its ability to promote phagocyte cytotoxic functions and enhance the function of several effector molecules such as Fc?R, uPAR, and CD14. Nevertheless, recent reports have revealed that Mac-1 also plays significant immunoregulatory roles, and genetic variants in ITGAM, the gene that encodes CD11b, confer risk for the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This has renewed interest in the physiological roles of this integrin and raised new questions on how its seemingly opposing biological functions may be regulated. Here, we provide an overview of the CD18 integrins and how their activation may be regulated as this may shed light on how the opposing roles of Mac-1 may be elicited. We then discuss studies that exemplify Mac-1's pro-inflammatory versus regulatory roles particularly in the context of IgG immune complex-mediated inflammation. This includes a detailed examination of molecular mechanisms that could explain the risk-conferring effect of rs1143679, a single nucleotide non-synonymous Mac-1 polymorphism associated with SLE. PMID:26683153

  15. Apple and the Apple logo are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. App Store is a service mark of Apple Inc. | Android and Google Play are trademarks of Google Inc. *The downloading and use of the myCigna Mobile App is subj

    E-print Network

    Apple and the Apple logo are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. App Store is a service mark of Apple Inc. | Android and Google Play are trademarks of Google Inc. *The

  16. Open vs. closed Apple music distribution platform

    E-print Network

    Aye, Thida, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis, based on the example case study of the Apple iTunes-iPods platform technology, two simple models are analyzed to gain a better understanding of open vs. closed business models as management and market ...

  17. Metabolomic Change Precedes Apple Superficial Scald Symptoms

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Metabolic profiling of 621 metabolites was employed to characterize metabolomic changes associated with ‘Granny Smith’ apple superficial scald development following 1-MCP or DPA treatment. Partial least squares-discriminant analyses were used to link metabolites with scald, postharvest treatments, ...

  18. Ergonomic evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard

    SciTech Connect

    Tittiranonda, P.; Burastero, S.; Shih, M.; Rempel, D.

    1994-05-01

    This study presents an evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard based on subjective preference and observed joint angles during typing. Thirty five keyboard users were asked to use the Apple adjustable keyboard for 7--14 days and rate the various characteristics of the keyboard. Our findings suggest that the most preferred opening angles range from 11--20{degree}. The mean ulnar deviation on the Apple Adjustable keyboard is 11{degree}, compared to 16{degree} on the standard keyboard. The mean extension was decreased from 24{degree} to 16{degree} when using the adjustable keyboard. When asked to subjectively rate the adjustable keyboard in comparison to the standard, the average subject felt that the Apple Adjustable Keyboard was more comfortable and easier to use than the standard flat keyboard.

  19. Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ibe, Mary; MacLaren, Dave

    2003-01-01

    Describes the Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) project as a way of teaching astronomy concepts to middle school students. The project provides students opportunities to work with professional scientists. (SOE)

  20. The Apple Tree Curriculum Approach in Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Mu Keun; Phipps, Lloyd J.

    1978-01-01

    The authors discuss educational objectives of agricultural high schools in the Republic of Korea, likening the curriculum elements and subsystems to the roots, trunk, and branches of an apple tree. (MF)

  1. Questions and Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for You Consumers Questions & Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options ... it Email Print July 15, 2013 What is arsenic? Arsenic is present in the environment as a ...

  2. Metasedimentary Rocks at the Apple Creek Formation

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS scientist Art Bookstrom looks at puzzling sedimentary structures in metasedimentary rocks of the Apple Creek Formation, near the Jackass prospect, near Iron Creek, in the southeastern part of the Idaho cobalt belt, in east-central Idaho....

  3. Micropropagation of apple--a review.

    PubMed

    Dobránszki, Judit; da Silva, Jaime A Teixeira

    2010-01-01

    Micropropagation of apple has played an important role in the production of healthy, disease-free plants and in the rapid multiplication of scions and rootstocks with desirable traits. During the last few decades, in apple, many reliable methods have been developed for both rootstocks and scions from a practical, commercial point of view. Successful micropropagation of apple using pre-existing meristems (culture of apical buds or nodal segments) is influenced by several internal and external factors including ex vitro (e.g. genotype and physiological state) and in vitro conditions (e.g., media constituents and light). Specific requirements during stages of micropropagation, such as the establishment of in vitro cultures, shoot multiplication, rooting of microshoots and acclimatization are summarized in this review. New approaches for increasing shoot multiplication and rooting for apple and current use of micropropagated plantlets as tools in basic and applied research are also discussed. PMID:20188809

  4. Production of apple snail for space diet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, Masamichi; Motoki, Shigeru; Space Agriculture Task Force, J.; Katayama, Naomi

    For food production in space at recycling bio-elements under closed environment, appropriate organisms should be chosen to drive the closed materials recycle loop. We propose a combination of green algae, photosynthetic protozoa, and aquatic plants such as Wolffia spp., for the primary producer fixing solar energy to chemical form in biomass, and apple snail, Pomacea bridgesii, which converts this biomass to animal meat. Because of high proliferation rate of green algae or protozoa compared to higher plants, and direct conversion of them to apple snail, the efficiency of food production in this combination is high, in terms of energy usage, space for rearing, and yield of edible biomass. Furthermore, green algae and apple snail can form a closed ecological system with exchanging bio-elements between two member, i.e. excreta of snail turn to fertilizer of algae, and grown algae become feed for snail. Since apple snail stays in water or on wet substrate, control of rearing is easy to make. Mass production technology of apple snail has been well established to utilize it as human food. Nutrients of apple snail are also listed in the standard tables of food composition in Japan. Nutrients for 100 g of apple snail canned in brine are energy 340 kJ, protein 16.5 g, lipid 1.0 g, cholesterol 240 mg, carbohydrate 0.8 g, Ca 400 mg, Fe 3.9 mg, Zn 1.5 mg. It is rich in minerals, especially Ca and Fe. Vitamin contents are quite low, but K 0.005 mg, B2 0.09 mg, B12 0.0006 mg, folate 0.001 mg, and E 0.6 mg. The amino acid score of apple snail could not be found in literature. Overall, apple snail provides rich protein and animal lipid such as cholesterol. It could be a good source of minerals. However, it does not give enough vitamin D and B12 , which are supposed to be supplemented by animal origin foods. In terms of acceptance in food culture, escargot is a gourmet menu in French dishes, and six to ten snail, roughly 50 g, are served for one person. Apple snail reaches to 30 g of body weight within two or three month from its egg. Several hundreds of egg are laid by one snail. It start egg laying after three months from hatching. In order to harvest 50 g for every day's meal, 3 m2 is required for rearing space. Eating apple snail and establishing its rearing system might save the food crisis on Earth.

  5. Repeated anaphylactic episodes to orange and apple.

    PubMed

    Tsiougkos, N; Vovolis, V

    2013-05-01

    This study reports an unusual case of repeated anaphylactic episodes to orange and apple without clinical evidence of primary sensitization to peach LTP. In vitro and in vivo tests revealed heat stability of the implicated allergens and also provided new evidence of differences in allergenicity among apple varieties and strong cross reactivity of citrus fruits. "Prick-to-prick" method with fresh fruits proved to be a quick and advantageous tool in investigating allergy to fresh fruits. PMID:23862403

  6. Vehicle Health Management Communications Requirements for AeroMACS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Clements, Donna J.; Apaza, Rafael D.

    2012-01-01

    As the development of standards for the aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) progresses, the process of identifying and quantifying appropriate uses for the system is progressing. In addition to defining important elements of AeroMACS standards, indentifying the systems uses impacts AeroMACS bandwidth requirements. Although an initial 59 MHz spectrum allocation for AeroMACS was established in 2007, the allocation may be inadequate; studies have indicated that 100 MHz or more of spectrum may be required to support airport surface communications. Hence additional spectrum allocations have been proposed. Vehicle health management (VHM) systems, which can produce large volumes of vehicle health data, were not considered in the original bandwidth requirements analyses, and are therefore of interest in supporting proposals for additional AeroMACS spectrum. VHM systems are an emerging development in air vehicle safety, and preliminary estimates of the amount of data that will be produced and transmitted off an aircraft, both in flight and on the ground, have been prepared based on estimates of data produced by on-board vehicle health sensors and initial concepts of data processing approaches. This allowed an initial estimate of VHM data transmission requirements for the airport surface. More recently, vehicle-level systems designed to process and analyze VHM data and draw conclusions on the current state of vehicle health have been undergoing testing and evaluation. These systems make use of vehicle system data that is mostly different from VHM data considered previously for airport surface transmission, and produce processed system outputs that will be also need to be archived, thus generating additional data load for AeroMACS. This paper provides an analysis of airport surface data transmission requirements resulting from the vehicle level reasoning systems, within the context of overall VHM data requirements.

  7. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products... apples into apple products. The processing of apples into caustic peeled or dehydrated products...

  8. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice... apples into apple juice or apple cider. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering...

  9. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products... apples into apple products. The processing of apples into caustic peeled or dehydrated products...

  10. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice... apples into apple juice or apple cider. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering...

  11. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice... apples into apple juice or apple cider. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering...

  12. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products... apples into apple products. The processing of apples into caustic peeled or dehydrated products...

  13. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products... apples into apple products. The processing of apples into caustic peeled or dehydrated products...

  14. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Applicability; description of the apple... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice... apples into apple juice or apple cider. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering...

  15. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section 407.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple... processing of apples into apple products. The processing of apples into caustic peeled or dehydrated...

  16. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section 407.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice... apples into apple juice or apple cider. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering...

  17. Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1952 architectural drawings by Strategic Air Command, MacDill Air Force Base) BASE LAYOUT, 1952 - MacDill Air Force Base, Bounded by City of Tampa North, Tampa Bay South, Old Tampa Bay West, & Hillsborough Bay East, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

  18. Afinal, os buracos negros podero

    E-print Network

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Afinal, os buracos negros poderão ter algum cabelo Físicos em Portugal e Itália concluem que buracos negros têm traços distintivos P3l #12;Afinal, os buracos negros sempre poderão ter algum cabelo negros podem ter elementos distintivos. Tal como o cabelo é distintivo nas pessoas Física Teresa Firmino

  19. Multitasking scheduler works without OS

    SciTech Connect

    Howard, D.M.

    1982-09-15

    Z80 control applications requiring parallel execution of multiple software tasks can use the executive routine described and listed in this article when multitasking is not available via an operating system (OS). Although the routine is not as capable or as transparent to software as the multitasking in a full-scale OS, it is simple to understand and use.

  20. Printing AppleWorks V2.0 Word Processing Files Using the Apple IIGS Computer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlenker, Richard M.

    This guide was developed as a "how to" training device for printing AppleWorks version 2.0 word processor files using the Apple IIGS computer with two disk drives. Step-by-step instructions are provided for loading the word processor files, selecting the print option, printing files, and obtaining additional help. For each step, a diagram of the…

  1. Printing AppleWorks Data Base Files with the Apple IIe Computer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlenker, Richard M.

    This step-by-step guide to printing AppleWorks database files using the Apple IIe computer covers (1) naming the report; (2) selecting a printer; and (3) printing the report for both the labels and the tables formats. Twenty-one sample screen displays which illustrate the steps and examples of the printed reports are included. (MES)

  2. Printing AppleWorks V2.0 Spreadsheet Files Using the Apple IIGS Computer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlenker, Richard M.

    This guide was developed as a "how to" training device for printing AppleWorks version 2.0 spreadsheet files using the Apple IIGS computer with two disk drives. Step-by-step instructions are provided for loading spreadsheet files; selecting the print option; printing entire files; and for printing specific rows, columns, or blocks of the file. For…

  3. 42 CFR 423.2110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 423.2110 Section 423...Judicial Review § 423.2110 MAC reviews on its own motion. (a) General rule. The MAC may decide on its own motion to review a decision or...

  4. 42 CFR 405.1110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 405.1110 Section 405...Council Review § 405.1110 MAC reviews on its own motion. (a) General rule. The MAC may decide on its own motion to review a decision or...

  5. 42 CFR 423.2110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 2011-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 423.2110 Section 423...Judicial Review § 423.2110 MAC reviews on its own motion. (a) General rule. The MAC may decide on its own motion to review a decision or...

  6. 42 CFR 405.1110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 2011-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 405.1110 Section 405...Council Review § 405.1110 MAC reviews on its own motion. (a) General rule. The MAC may decide on its own motion to review a decision or...

  7. Racial Variations on the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale of the MMPI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Glenn D.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Examined the effect of race on the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale (MAC) performance of alcoholic (N=73) and nonalcoholic (N=73) inpatients in an active-duty military sample. Results showed that the MAC discriminated successfully between White alcoholics and nonalcoholics but not between Black alcoholics and nonalcoholics. (LLL)

  8. Implementation and evaluation of a 2 Channel MAC protocol to improve fairness in multihop networks 

    E-print Network

    Shankara, Smitha

    2001-01-01

    The standard 802.11 MAC protocol, for wireless networks, is a single channel implementation. In multihop wireless networks, scenarios can arise where a single channel MAC protocol may not perform as fairly as a 2-Channel MAC protocol. By having 2...

  9. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  10. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  11. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  12. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  13. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  14. ASAP : A MAC Protocol for Dense and Time Constrained RFID Systems

    E-print Network

    Yener, Aylin

    ASAP : A MAC Protocol for Dense and Time Constrained RFID Systems Girish Khandelwal Aylin Yener introduce a novel medium ac- cess control (MAC) protocol for Radio Frequency Identifica- tion (RFID) systems performance of the currently suggested MAC protocols for RFID systems. In order to accom- plish this task

  15. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165.768...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following...635 of this title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill...

  16. Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; site plan dated December, 1942) BASE LAYOUT, DECEMBER 1942 - MacDill Air Force Base, Bounded by City of Tampa North, Tampa Bay South, Old Tampa Bay West, & Hillsborough Bay East, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

  17. Factor Structure and Validity of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool--Criminal Adjudication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zapf, Patricia A.; Skeem, Jennifer L.; Golding, Stephen L.

    2005-01-01

    Examination of the available literature regarding the development of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA) reveals 2 theoretical factor structures on which the MacCAT-CA was based: one in which 3 lower-order constructs are proposed (understanding, reasoning, appreciation) and one in which 2 higher-order…

  18. A dual of MacMahon's theorem on plane partitions Mihai Ciucu and Christian Krattenthaler

    E-print Network

    Krattenthaler, Christian

    A dual of MacMahon's theorem on plane partitions Mihai Ciucu and Christian Krattenthaler Indiana University; Universit¨at Wien Mihai Ciucu and Christian Krattenthaler A dual of MacMahon's theorem on plane 1900. Mihai Ciucu and Christian Krattenthaler A dual of MacMahon's theorem on plane partitions #12

  19. C-MAC: Model-driven Concurrent Medium Access Control for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Gang

    of a structure at more than 100 Hz in order to detect potential defects [23]. Due to the limited storage capacity of sensor nodes, the accumulated data should be periodically delivered to the base station for offline], T- MAC [21], B-MAC [12] and WiseMac [5]) reduce collisions by carrier sensing and distributed

  20. 42 CFR 423.2122 - What evidence may be submitted to the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...before the MAC on request for review of ALJ's decision...submitted with the request for review. (2) If the MAC determines...Part D plan sponsor to make books, records, correspondence...the MAC, the Secretary may review immediately that subpoena...

  1. 42 CFR 405.1122 - What evidence may be submitted to the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...decision, the MAC limits its review of the evidence to the...submitted with the request for review. (2) If the MAC determines...subpoenas requiring a party to make books, records, correspondence... (3) A party to the MAC review on escalation that wishes...

  2. The Yeast Transcription Factor Mac1 Binds to DNA in a Modular Fashion*

    E-print Network

    Tullius, Thomas D.

    The Yeast Transcription Factor Mac1 Binds to DNA in a Modular Fashion* (Received for publication is a metalloregulatory protein that regulates ex- pression of the high affinity copper transport system in the yeast of the DNA binding domain of Mac1 (called here Mac1t) with the two CuRE sites found in the yeast CTR1

  3. Peter MacKay, Scottish and Irish Second World War Poetry UCDscholarcast

    E-print Network

    Peter MacKay, Scottish and Irish Second World War Poetry 1 UCDscholarcast Series 4: (Spring 2010: P.J. Mathews © UCDscholarcast #12;Peter MacKay, Scottish and Irish Second World War Poetry 2 Scottish and Irish Second World War Poetry In 1938, looking to the war that was to come, Louis Mac

  4. Cisgenic apple trees; development, characterization, and performance

    PubMed Central

    Krens, Frans A.; Schaart, Jan G.; van der Burgh, Aranka M.; Tinnenbroek-Capel, Iris E. M.; Groenwold, Remmelt; Kodde, Linda P.; Broggini, Giovanni A. L.; Gessler, Cesare; Schouten, Henk J.

    2015-01-01

    Two methods were developed for the generation of cisgenic apples. Both have been successfully applied producing trees. The first method avoids the use of any foreign selectable marker genes; only the gene-of-interest is integrated between the T-DNA border sequences. The second method makes use of recombinase-based marker excision. For the first method we used the MdMYB10 gene from a red-fleshed apple coding for a transcription factor involved in regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis. Red plantlets were obtained and presence of the cisgene was confirmed. Plantlets were grafted and grown in a greenhouse. After 3 years, the first flowers appeared, showing red petals. Pollination led to production of red-fleshed cisgenic apples. The second method used the pM(arker)F(ree) vector system, introducing the scab resistance gene Rvi6, derived from apple. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, followed by selection on kanamycin, produced genetically modified apple lines. Next, leaves from in vitro material were treated to activate the recombinase leading to excision of selection genes. Subsequently, the leaf explants were subjected to negative selection for marker-free plantlets by inducing regeneration on medium containing 5-fluorocytosine. After verification of the marker-free nature, the obtained plants were grafted onto rootstocks. Young trees from four cisgenic lines and one intragenic line, all containing Rvi6, were planted in an orchard. Appropriate controls were incorporated in this trial. We scored scab incidence for three consecutive years on leaves after inoculations with Rvi6-avirulent strains. One cisgenic line and the intragenic line performed as well as the resistant control. In 2014 trees started to overcome their juvenile character and formed flowers and fruits. The first results of scoring scab symptoms on apple fruits were obtained. Apple fruits from susceptible controls showed scab symptoms, while fruits from cisgenic and intragenic lines were free of scab. PMID:25964793

  5. Cisgenic apple trees; development, characterization, and performance.

    PubMed

    Krens, Frans A; Schaart, Jan G; van der Burgh, Aranka M; Tinnenbroek-Capel, Iris E M; Groenwold, Remmelt; Kodde, Linda P; Broggini, Giovanni A L; Gessler, Cesare; Schouten, Henk J

    2015-01-01

    Two methods were developed for the generation of cisgenic apples. Both have been successfully applied producing trees. The first method avoids the use of any foreign selectable marker genes; only the gene-of-interest is integrated between the T-DNA border sequences. The second method makes use of recombinase-based marker excision. For the first method we used the MdMYB10 gene from a red-fleshed apple coding for a transcription factor involved in regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis. Red plantlets were obtained and presence of the cisgene was confirmed. Plantlets were grafted and grown in a greenhouse. After 3 years, the first flowers appeared, showing red petals. Pollination led to production of red-fleshed cisgenic apples. The second method used the pM(arker)F(ree) vector system, introducing the scab resistance gene Rvi6, derived from apple. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, followed by selection on kanamycin, produced genetically modified apple lines. Next, leaves from in vitro material were treated to activate the recombinase leading to excision of selection genes. Subsequently, the leaf explants were subjected to negative selection for marker-free plantlets by inducing regeneration on medium containing 5-fluorocytosine. After verification of the marker-free nature, the obtained plants were grafted onto rootstocks. Young trees from four cisgenic lines and one intragenic line, all containing Rvi6, were planted in an orchard. Appropriate controls were incorporated in this trial. We scored scab incidence for three consecutive years on leaves after inoculations with Rvi6-avirulent strains. One cisgenic line and the intragenic line performed as well as the resistant control. In 2014 trees started to overcome their juvenile character and formed flowers and fruits. The first results of scoring scab symptoms on apple fruits were obtained. Apple fruits from susceptible controls showed scab symptoms, while fruits from cisgenic and intragenic lines were free of scab. PMID:25964793

  6. Using the Apple II as a Laboratory Instrument.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Jong, Marvin L.; Layman, John W.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses using Apple II microcomputers for measuring resistance, temperature, and light intensity. Also discusses digital input and output and timing techniques. Although focusing on Apple II, the circuits and programs described may be applicable to other microcomputers. (JN)

  7. Detection of internal browning in apples by light transmittance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Upchurch, Bruce L.; Throop, James A.; Aneshansley, Daniel J.

    1995-01-01

    Light transmittance in the 450 to 1050 nanometer (nm) region was evaluated as a nondestructive technique for identifying apples with internal browning. Shorter wavelengths of light (< 800 nm) were attenuated more than longer wavelengths (> 800 nm). A transmission difference between 720 and 810 nm was used to segregate apples with internal browning from good apples. Only 7.4% of the apples were misclassified in a training set. When applied to a larger validation set, 8.0% of the apples with internal browning were misclassified. For both sets, the only apples misclassified were those with very slight browning that was very difficult to detect visually were misclassified, but none of the apples with slight to severe browning was misclassified. For nondefective apples, 6.1% were identified as having internal browning, because bruises and internal browning had the same effect on the spectral composition.

  8. Predicted 2010 Apple Harvest Dates Phillip Schwallier, District Horticulture Educator

    E-print Network

    Predicted 2010 Apple Harvest Dates Phillip Schwallier, District Horticulture Educator Amy Irish-Brown. Apple maturity for 2010 is expected to be 7 days early in the south and 21 days early in the north

  9. Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope System Theory of Operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephan, George R.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this learning module is to enable learners to describe how the Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) system functions in support of Apple Valley Science and Technology Center's (AVSTC) client schools' radio astronomy activities.

  10. Production of fuels and chemicals from apple pomace

    SciTech Connect

    Hang, Y.D.

    1987-03-01

    Nearly 36 million tons of apples are produced annually in the US. Approximately 45% of the total US apple production is used for processing purposes. The primary by-product of apple processing is apple pomace. It consists of the presscake resulting from pressing apples for juice or cider, including the presscake obtained in pressing peel and core wastes generated in the manufacture of apple sauce or slices. More than 500 food processing plants in the US produce a total of about 1.3 million metric tons of apple pomace each year, and it is likely that annual disposal fees exceed $10 million. Apple pomace has the potential to be used for the production of fuels (ethanol and biogas containing 60% methane) and food-grade chemicals. These uses will be reviewed in this article.

  11. The MacArthur Foundation in Nigeria: Report on Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In 2007, Nigeria passed an important milestone: one elected government passed power to another for the first time in the nation's history. Though imperfect, the poll demonstrated powerfully that Nigeria's representative democracy was not a transient phase between periods of military repression but a growing reality. For 20 years, the MacArthur…

  12. God, Sport Philosophy, Kinesiology: A MacIntyrean Examination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twietmeyer, Gregg

    2015-01-01

    Sport philosophy is in crisis. This subdiscipline of kinesiology garners little to no respect and few tenure track lines in kinesiology departments. Why is this the case? Why isn't philosophy held in greater esteem? Is it possible that philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre's (2009) diagnosis found in "God, Philosophy, Universities" could…

  13. 42 CFR 405.1128 - Action of the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Action of the MAC. 405.1128 Section 405.1128 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM... Appeals Under Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) Medicare Appeals Council Review § 405.1128 Action...

  14. 42 CFR 405.1128 - Action of the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Action of the MAC. 405.1128 Section 405.1128 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM... Appeals Under Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) Medicare Appeals Council Review § 405.1128 Action...

  15. March 13, 2014 MacLean Grants for Undergraduate Research

    E-print Network

    March 13, 2014 MacLean Grants for Undergraduate Research Currently Inactive Purpose: To encourage of grant activity; a presentation in a suitable forum is encouraged. Follow-on work culminating in a senior/or Mathematics. Funds Available: Individual grants for up to $1000. may be used to offset general expenses

  16. MAC-EYE: a Tendon Driven Fully Embedded Robot Eye

    E-print Network

    Cannata, Giorgio

    the possibility of designing a robot eye with kinematics and actuation similar to those of the human eyeMAC-EYE: a Tendon Driven Fully Embedded Robot Eye Dario Biamino, Giorgio Cannata, Marco Maggiali. In particular, we tried to exploit the spherical shape of the eye and to study the feasibility of a tendon based

  17. Department of Biochemistry Supervisor: Dr. Andrew MacMillan

    E-print Network

    MacMillan, Andrew

    Dr. Tao Wu Department of Biochemistry Supervisor: Dr. Andrew MacMillan Originally from Penglai. At PKU I gained research experience in tissue culture and virus vaccine studies. I was then admitted to the Department of Biochemistry at University of Alberta to pursue my graduate studies. After finishing my

  18. MAC Sleep Mode Control Considering Downlink Traffic Pattern and Mobility

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    1 MAC Sleep Mode Control Considering Downlink Traffic Pattern and Mobility Neung-Hyung Lee energy loss under varying traffic pattern and mobile environment. In this paper, we propose a sleep mode-- energy saving, sleep mode, doze state. I. INTRODUCTION In wireless communications, the battery power

  19. Alan Turing and the Turing test John MacCormick

    E-print Network

    MacCormick, John

    Alan Turing and the Turing test John MacCormick (appeared in Dickinson Science Magazine, volume 1 to that in a minute. First, who was Alan Turing, and why would anyone make a movie about him? He's sometimes described when I was lucky enough to be in Cambridge, England for the centenary celebrations of Alan Turing

  20. A Threshold Based MAC Protocol for Cooperative MIMO Transmissions

    E-print Network

    Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

    of a large number of energy constrained sensor nodes with limited on board battery resources which are difficult to recharge or replace, MIMO techniques can be used to save power. However, using multi- antenna as cooperative MIMO MAC protocols that use fixed groups sizes [6]. The rest of the paper is organized as follows

  1. What if MacGyver Taught Physical Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marston, Rip; Leech, Trey

    2014-01-01

    In an era of rising childhood obesity rates, many physical educators find themselves with declining financial resources. Similar to how MacGyver had to do when he was in a bind on his self-titled television show, physical educators need to think creatively when providing equipment for use by their students. The problem that has been identified is:…

  2. Northern Campus Posting Policies MacArthur Campus Posting Policy

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Northern Campus Posting Policies MacArthur Campus Posting Policy All postings must be stamped advertising Club Activities and events MUST have the Student Development and Activities stamp prior to requesting the Housing stamp 4). Flyers must have correct grammar and spelling. 5). Preference for posting

  3. Workshop on Manipulation in Virtual Christine L. MacKenzie

    E-print Network

    of the physical environment. In virtual reality, the machine is a programmed computer that synthesizesCHI Workshop on Manipulation in Virtual Christine L. MacKenzie Simon Fraser University School, telesurgery, user interfaces, viewpoint, virtual arm, virtual finger, virtual hand, virtual objects, virtual

  4. Minimalist/Structuralist Aesthetics in MacNeil/Lehrer "Postcards."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Small, Edward S.

    1986-01-01

    Explores the aesthetic underpinnings of the "postcards" included in each segment of the "MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour." Discusses the postcards' somewhat limited but effective appeal over their 13-month lifespan and suggests that their very construction is probably indebted to the avant garde genre of film production. (JD)

  5. Evolutionary Jungian Psychology* Bruce J. MacLennan

    E-print Network

    MacLennan, Bruce

    Evolutionary Jungian Psychology* Bruce J. MacLennan University of Tennessee, Knoxville 1. Introduction In this article I will discuss an important convergence taking place between Jungian psychology, evolutionary psychology, and neuroscience. I will assume that I do not need to define Jungian psychology

  6. Mineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean

    E-print Network

    Brewer, Carol

    Mineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean 2. NAME OF INQUIRY: Mineral Scavenger from minerals? What are some objects in the classroom that come from minerals? What minerals did these objects come from? b. Ecological Theme(s): Minerals are the building blocks of rocks. Rocks

  7. Design Patterns in Enterprise Steve MacDonald

    E-print Network

    MacDonald, Steve

    1 Design Patterns in Enterprise Steve MacDonald Department of Computing Science University patterns were applied. 1. Introduction Design patterns are a popular tool among object­oriented designers. These patterns can be used as components in a much larger program. They allow designs to be described in high

  8. Video Chat with Multiple Cameras John MacCormick

    E-print Network

    MacCormick, John

    Video Chat with Multiple Cameras John MacCormick Dickinson College Technical Report March 2012 Abstract The dominant paradigm for video chat employs a single camera at each end of the con- versation provides the first rigorous investigation of multi-camera video chat, concentrating especially

  9. Formal Verification of an Asynchronous MAC Layer Protocol in VIS

    E-print Network

    Tahar, Sofiène

    Formal Verification of an Asynchronous MAC Layer Protocol in VIS Hong Peng and Sofi`ene Tahar., Montreal, Quebec, H3G 1M8 Canada E­mail: fpengh,taharg@ece.concordia.ca May 1999 Abstract Model checking a higher layer protocol is imple­ mented in hardware and we want to verify its implementation satisfying

  10. Algebraic MACs and Keyed-Verification Anonymous Credentials Melissa Chase

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Algebraic MACs and Keyed-Verification Anonymous Credentials Melissa Chase Microsoft Research of constructing anonymous credentials for use in a setting where the issuer of credentials is also the verifier of anonymous credentials: U-Prove and Idemix. We show that the performance of the new schemes is competitive

  11. Shared visiting in EQUATOR City Ian MacColl1

    E-print Network

    Chalmers, Matthew

    project, in sections 3 and 4 we describe the City infrastructure and system, and section 5 concludes. #12;2Shared visiting in EQUATOR City Ian MacColl1 , Barry Brown1 , Steve Benford4 , Matthew Chalmers1 , Cliff Randell2 , Anthony Steed3 , Tom Rodden4 , Ian Taylor4 , and Mark Weal5 1 The University of Glasgow

  12. [sup 187]Os-[sup 186]Os and [sup 187]Os-[sup 188]Os method of dating: An introduction

    SciTech Connect

    Yin, Q.Z.; Jagoutz, E.; Waenke, H. ); Verkhovskiy, A.B. )

    1993-08-01

    A Re-containing sample is irradiated with thermal neutrons in a nuclear reactor. The following reactions occur with high cross sections: [sup 185]Re(n, [gamma])[sup 186]Re and [sup 187]Re(n, [gamma])[sup 188]Re. Both [sup 186]Re (half-life 90.6 h) and [sup 188]Re (16.7 h) [beta]-decay to the stable isotopes [sup 186]Os and [sup 188]Os. Thus [sup 186]Os and [sup 188]Os are enriched in proportion to the neutron fluence and R/Os ratio of the sample being irradiated. Analyzing merely the isotopic composition of the sample, the authors get two ages that should be consistent. In one irradiated molybdenite sample from Kingsgate molybdenum mine in New South Wales, Australia, the measured [sup 186]Os/[sup 192]Os and [sup 188]Os/[sup 192]Os are 0.3284 and 0.6299, whereas in an unirradiated sample they are assumed to be 0.0390 and 0.3248. These ratios are measurable with negative thermal ionization mass spectrometry (N-TIMS) to a precision of 1[per thousand]. The derived ages for this sample are t[sub 186] = 220.5 [+-] 8.6 Ma and t[sub 188] = 214.9 [+-] 8.9 Ma, respectively (or [+-] 1.4 Ma and [+-] 1.7 Ma, respectively, when excluding the uncertainty of [sup 187]Re half-life). These values are in close agreement with the 221--238 Ma K-Ar ages of the leucogranites emplacement that causes the Mo mineralization at Kingsgate. The major limiting factor on the precision of this age determination is the uncertainty in the half-life of [sup 187]Re. The errors associated with the irradiation parameters are greatly reduced by choosing an appropriate neutron flux monitor. The advantage of this method is that the Re/Os ratio is determined on the same sample and that only one measurement of the isotope composition of osmium is required, thus overcoming some of the experimental difficulties of the conventional Re-Os analysis. The problem of sample inhomogeneity and the need to measure the absolute concentrations of rhenium and osmium are thus eliminated. 30 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  13. CO2calc: A User-Friendly Seawater Carbon Calculator for Windows, Mac OS X, and iOS (iPhone)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robbins, L.L.; Hansen, M.E.; Kleypas, J.A.; Meylan, S.C.

    2010-01-01

    A user-friendly, stand-alone application for the calculation of carbonate system parameters was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey Florida Shelf Ecosystems Response to Climate Change Project in response to its Ocean Acidification Task. The application, by Mark Hansen and Lisa Robbins, USGS St. Petersburg, FL, Joanie Kleypas, NCAR, Boulder, CO, and Stephan Meylan, Jacobs Technology, St. Petersburg, FL, is intended as a follow-on to CO2SYS, originally developed by Lewis and Wallace (1998) and later modified for Microsoft Excel? by Denis Pierrot (Pierrot and others, 2006). Besides eliminating the need for using Microsoft Excel on the host system, CO2calc offers several improvements on CO2SYS, including: An improved graphical user interface for data entry and results Additional calculations of air-sea CO2 fluxes (for surface water calculations) The ability to tag data with sample name, comments, date, time, and latitude/longitude The ability to use the system time and date and latitude/ longitude (automatic retrieval of latitude and longitude available on iPhone? 3, 3GS, 4, and Windows? hosts with an attached National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA)-enabled GPS) The ability to process multiple files in a batch processing mode An option to save sample information, data input, and calculated results as a comma-separated value (CSV) file for use with Microsoft Excel, ArcGIS,? or other applications An option to export points with geographic coordinates as a KMZ file for viewing and editing in Google EarthTM

  14. Cold Acclimation Improves Regrowth of Cryopreserved Apple Shoot Tips

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Cryopreservation is important for preserving the genetic resources of apple germplasm in Kazakhstan, the center of origin for apples. In this study of five apple genotypes [Malus domestica Borkh. and Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem] we determined cold hardiness and the effect of cold acclimation o...

  15. The vulnerability of US apple (Malus) genetic resources

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple is one of the top three U.S. fruit crops in production and value. Apple production has high costs for land, labor and inputs, and orchards are a long-term commitment. Production is dominated by only a few apple scion cultivars and rootstocks, which increases susceptibility to dynamic external ...

  16. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 7 October 6, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 7 ­ October 6, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown-Rytlewski, and Mark Longstroth Michigan State University Note: this will be the last week for the SW Michigan Apple. This week's report will be restricted to Braeburn, Fuji, and Rome. See the Michigan State University apple

  17. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 3 September 7, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 3 ­ September 7, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown like to have samples from your farm tested for maturity. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including reports from other regions, past season reports

  18. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 5 September 21, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 5 ­ September 21, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown like to have samples from your farm tested for maturity. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including reports from other regions, past season reports

  19. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 4 September 14, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 4 ­ September 14, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown like to have samples from your farm tested for maturity. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including reports from other regions, past season reports

  20. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 6 September 28, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 6 ­ September 28, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown like to have samples from your farm tested for maturity. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including reports from other regions, past season reports

  1. MSU Fruit Team 2012 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-print Network

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2012 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  2. MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-print Network

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  3. Crabapples Resistant to Apple Scab and Japanese Beetle in Indiana

    E-print Network

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Crabapples Resistant to Apple Scab and Japanese Beetle in Indiana Cliff Sadof, Department pests, apple scab and Japanese beetle, have also given this plant a reputation of being prone to insect and disease problems. Both these pests are widely distributed in Indiana. Apple scab is a fungal disease

  4. Curried Pumpkin Soup with Roasted Apple and Crme Frache

    E-print Network

    Curried Pumpkin Soup with Roasted Apple and Crème Fraîche Recipe courtesy of Gordon Hamersley teaspoon chili powder (optional) 3 medium apples, peeled, cored, and chopped 2 1/2 quarts chicken stock 1 apple, roasted and sliced for garnish crème fraîche DIRECTIONS 1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. 2

  5. MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-print Network

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  6. APPLE ROOTSTOCKS COMPARISON CHART v. 1 Jessica Lyga,

    E-print Network

    Chen, Tsuhan

    GENEVA® APPLE ROOTSTOCKS COMPARISON CHART v. 1 Contact: Jessica Lyga, Plant Varieties & Germplasm University and United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA- ARS) Apple, resistance to the soil pathogens of the sub-temperate regions of the US, and tolerance to apple replant

  7. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section 33.12... REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject... this part, transport or receive for transportation to any foreign destination: (a) A quantity of...

  8. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and succeeding crop years are as follows:...

  9. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and succeeding crop years are as follows:...

  10. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section 33.12... REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject... this part, transport or receive for transportation to any foreign destination: (a) A quantity of...

  11. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The Apple Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2005 and succeeding crop years are as follows:...

  12. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section 33.12... REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject... this part, transport or receive for transportation to any foreign destination: (a) A quantity of...

  13. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section 33.12... REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject... this part, transport or receive for transportation to any foreign destination: (a) A quantity of...

  14. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and succeeding crop years are as follows:...

  15. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and succeeding crop years are as follows:...

  16. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section 33.12... REGULATIONS REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions § 33.12 Apples not subject... this part, transport or receive for transportation to any foreign destination: (a) A quantity of...

  17. Oxyresveratrol as an antibrowning agent for cloudy apple juices and fresh-cut apples.

    PubMed

    Li, Haitao; Cheng, Ka-Wing; Cho, Chi-Hin; He, Zhendan; Wang, Mingfu

    2007-04-01

    Antibrowning activities of Morus alba L. twig extracts, oxyresveratrol, and mulberroside A isolated from mulberry twig on cloudy apple juices and fresh-cut apple slices were evaluated by monitoring the change of a* value, total color difference (DeltaE), and visual observation. It was found, similar to 4-hexylresorcinol, that oxyresveratrol could effectively inhibit browning in cloudy apple juices at a concentration as low as 0.01% and that mulberry twig extract also showed remarkable antibrowning effects on cloudy apple juices. However, for fresh-cut apple slices, mulberry twig extract and oxyresveratrol needed to be used in combination at least with ascorbic acid to exhibit their antibrowning effects. Apple slice samples treated by dipping in a solution containing 0.001 M oxyresveratrol, 0.5 M isoascorbic acid, 0.05 M calcium chloride, and 0.025 M acetylcysteine did not undergo any substantial browning reaction for 28 days at 4 degrees C. However mulberroside A did not show antibrowning effects on cloudy apple juices although it is also a good mushroom tyrosinase inhibitor. PMID:17335224

  18. Exercising AppleWorks V2.0 Data Base Print Options with the Apple IIgs Computer. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlenker, Richard M.

    This is a step-by-step guide to using the AppleWorks software on the Apple IIGS computer to print AppleWorks database files in two types of formats--labels and tables. Steps covered for printing labels include naming the report, arranging or sorting, deleting a category, inserting a category, printing the category name and entry, selecting…

  19. PREDICTED 2011 APPLE HARVEST DATES Erratic weather conditions set predicted apple harvest days two to seven days behind normal.

    E-print Network

    PREDICTED 2011 APPLE HARVEST DATES Erratic weather conditions set predicted apple harvest days two and Amy Irish-Brown, Michigan State University Extension This season started out slow and late, but not by much. Apple maturity for 2011 is expected to be two to seven days behind normal. Southeast Michigan has

  20. Definition of OS An operating system (OS) is the software

    E-print Network

    Cukic, Bojan

    and the computer hardware #12;Variation in accomplishment of tasks Mainframe OS optimize utilization of Hardware PC ease of use User at a terminal maximize resource connected to a utilization mainframe User efficiently and fairly Important where many users access the same mainframe #12;Tasks performed Controlling

  1. iOS Kernel Developer iOS Wireless Team (Job Number: Santa Clara Area, CA United States

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    to contribute and build Apple's future wireless products. The successful candidate will possess a desire to work and the passion to learn are skills we value on our team, and if you want to impact the future world of Apple levels of experience will be considered. Contact Information https://jobs.apple

  2. MacA, a periplasmic membrane fusion protein of the macrolide transporter MacAB-TolC, binds lipopolysaccharide core specifically and with high affinity.

    PubMed

    Lu, Shuo; Zgurskaya, Helen I

    2013-11-01

    The Escherichia coli MacAB-TolC transporter has been implicated in efflux of macrolide antibiotics and secretion of enterotoxin STII. In this study, we found that purified MacA, a periplasmic membrane fusion protein, contains one tightly bound rough core lipopolysaccharide (R-LPS) molecule per MacA molecule. R-LPS was bound specifically to MacA protein with affinity exceeding that of polymyxin B. Sequence analyses showed that MacA contains two high-density clusters of positively charged amino acid residues located in the cytoplasmic N-terminal domain and the periplasmic C-terminal domain. Substitutions in the C-terminal cluster reducing the positive-charge density completely abolished binding of R-LPS. At the same time, these substitutions significantly reduced the functionality of MacA in the protection of E. coli against macrolides in vivo and in the in vitro MacB ATPase stimulation assays. Taken together, our results suggest that R-LPS or a similar glycolipid is a physiological substrate of MacAB-TolC. PMID:23974027

  3. GeoMAC: Geo-Backoff based Co-operative MAC for V2V networks Sanjit Kaul and Marco Gruteser

    E-print Network

    Gruteser, Marco

    GeoMAC: Geo-Backoff based Co-operative MAC for V2V networks Sanjit Kaul and Marco Gruteser WINLAB protocols. High mobility results in a highly time-varying wireless channel [1]. Sample RSSI measurements receiver besides the road are shown in Fig. 1(a). Measurements show up to 10dB RSSI changes every few

  4. Virtual PC for Mac http://www.microsoft.com/mac/products/virtualpc/virtualp... 1 of 1 13.02.2004 19:12

    E-print Network

    Spruth, Wilhelm G.

    Virtual PC for Mac http://www.microsoft.com/mac/products/virtualpc/virtualp... 1 of 1 13.02.2004 19:12 Products | Downloads | Support | Search | Worldwide | Microsoft Home | Downloads | How to Buy | Support | Contact Us Search for Go Advanced Search Office v. X Word X Excel X PowerPoint X Entourage X Virtual PC

  5. Breccia at the Apple Creek Formation

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS scientist Art Bookstrom hammers on limonite-stained breccia, cutting banded siltite of the Apple Creek Formation, exposed near the Uncle Sam portal of the Blackbird cobalt-copper mine, in the Salmon River Mountains of east-central Idaho....

  6. INDUCIBLE DNA PROMOTERS FOR USE IN APPLE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A chemically inducible and a light inducible DNA promoter is being developed and evaluated for their ability to regulate gene expression in transgenic apple. The estradiol-induced XVE gene expression system (Zou et al. 2000 Plant J. 24:265-273) is regulated by a chimeric transcription factor contai...

  7. POTENTIAL EXPOSURE OF APPLE THINNERS TO PHOSALONE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Apple thinning results in considerable human contact with foliage, fruit, and limbs. This work often occurs during that portion of the growing season when trees are most frequently being sprayed for insect conrol. Therefore, of all workers exposed to pesticide residues upon reent...

  8. Optical Properties of Bruised Apple Tissue

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Understanding the optical properties of apple tissue, especially bruised tissue, can help us prevent or mitigate bruise occurrence during harvest and postharvest operations, and develop an effective method for detecting bruises during sorting and grading. This research was aimed at determining the o...

  9. Sustainable Biocontrol of Apple Insect Pests

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Biocontrol of insect pests is a cornerstone to sustainable production of apples and other crops. The ecology of orchards lends itself to the application of many management options which will enhance the sustainability of biocontrol. Orchards remain in place for decades, allowing for an evolution o...

  10. Some Aspects of Enzymatic Browning in Apples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liffen, C. L.; Cleeve, H. N.

    1975-01-01

    Describes material modified from the Nuffield advanced chemistry course to make it meaningful and relevant to pupils in the middle school. Discusses a series of simple experiments on apple browning and summarizes the browning process and its control. (Author/GS)

  11. NEWTON'S APPLE 14th Season Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichmann, Sue, Ed.

    This guide was developed to help teachers use the 14th season of NEWTON'S APPLE in their classrooms and contains lessons formatted to follow the National Science Education Standards. The "Overview,""Main Activity," and "Try-This" sections were created with inquiry-based learning in mind. Each lesson page begins with "Getting Started," which…

  12. Transcriptional analysis of apple fruit proanthocyanidin biosynthesis

    PubMed Central

    Henry-Kirk, Rebecca A.

    2012-01-01

    Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are products of the flavonoid pathway, which also leads to the production of anthocyanins and flavonols. Many flavonoids have antioxidant properties and may have beneficial effects for human health. PAs are found in the seeds and fruits of many plants. In apple fruit (Malus × domestica Borkh.), the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway is most active in the skin, with the flavan-3-ols, catechin, and epicatechin acting as the initiating units for the synthesis of PA polymers. This study examined the genes involved in the production of PAs in three apple cultivars: two heritage apple cultivars, Hetlina and Devonshire Quarrenden, and a commercial cultivar, Royal Gala. HPLC analysis shows that tree-ripe fruit from Hetlina and Devonshire Quarrenden had a higher phenolic content than Royal Gala. Epicatechin and catechin biosynthesis is under the control of the biosynthetic enzymes anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) and leucoanthocyanidin reductase (LAR1), respectively. Counter-intuitively, real-time quantitative PCR analysis showed that the expression levels of Royal Gala LAR1 and ANR were significantly higher than those of both Devonshire Quarrenden and Hetlina. This suggests that a compensatory feedback mechanism may be active, whereby low concentrations of PAs may induce higher expression of gene transcripts. Further investigation is required into the regulation of these key enzymes in apple. Abbreviations:ANOVAanalysis of varianceANRanthocyanidin reductaseDADdiode array detectorDAFBdays after full bloomDFRdihydroflavonol reductaseLARleucoanthocyanidin reductaseLC-MSliquid chromatography/mass spectrometryPAproanthocyanidinqPCRreal-time quantitative PCR PMID:22859681

  13. Wild pollinators of eastern apple orchards

    E-print Network

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    1 Wild pollinators of eastern apple orchards and how to conserve them #12;introdUction There is no doubt that insect pollination is a vital service for agricultural systems. Without insect pollinators, roughly a third of the world's crops would flower, only to fade and then lie barren. Pollinators ensure

  14. Micromechanics Analysis Code (MAC). User Guide: Version 2.0

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilt, T. E.; Arnold, S. M.

    1996-01-01

    The ability to accurately predict the thermomechanical deformation response of advanced composite materials continues to play an important role in the development of these strategic materials. Analytical models that predict the effective behavior of composites are used not only by engineers performing structural analysis of large-scale composite components but also by material scientists in developing new material systems. For an analytical model to fulfill these two distinct functions it must be based on a micromechanics approach which utilizes physically based deformation and life constitutive models and allows one to generate the average (macro) response of a composite material given the properties of the individual constituents and their geometric arrangement. Here the user guide for the recently developed, computationally efficient and comprehensive micromechanics analysis code's (MAC) who's predictive capability rests entirely upon the fully analytical generalized method of cells (GMC), micromechanics model is described. MAC is a versatile form of research software that 'drives' the double or triply periodic micromechanics constitutive models based upon GMC. MAC enhances the basic capabilities of GMC by providing a modular framework wherein (1) various thermal, mechanical (stress or strain control) and thermomechanical load histories can be imposed, (2) different integration algorithms may be selected, (3) a variety of constituent constitutive models may be utilized and/or implemented, and (4) a variety of fiber and laminate architectures may be easily accessed through their corresponding representative volume elements.

  15. Sounding of the Plasmasphere by McMAC Magnetometers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chi, P. J.; McMAC Team

    2012-04-01

    Properly positioned ground magnetometers can be used to detect resonance of magnetospheric field lines as a way to make unique observations of the plasma mass density of the magnetosphere. In this paper we describe the field line resonance (FLR) frequencies systematically observed by the Mid-continent MAgnetoseismic Chain (McMAC), which consists of 10 stations in the United States and Mexico along 300° magnetic longitude. With an average separation by 272 km between adjacent stations McMAC is well suited to remotely sensing the plasma density at L-values between 1.6 and 3.3 through the gradient method of FLR measurements. We analyzed a full year of McMAC observations spanning between July 2006 and June 2007, and FLR frequencies were automatically identified in cross-phase and cross-power spectrograms by a computer routine. In all of the FLR observations by pairs of McMAC stations, the occurrence rate of FLR can reach as high as 55% around local noon at L = 2.7. The occurrence rate drops at lower latitudes due to weaker FLR signals. At L = 3.3 the FLR occurrence is clearly reduced in afternoon hours, possibly because of occasional presence of the plasmapause that can obstruct FLR generation and/or detection. By examining the results from all possible pairs of McMAC stations, we find that, at L ? 2.5, FLR signatures can still be found even when the separation between two stations exceeds 1000 km. The fundamental mode FLR frequencies, in addition to the inferred equatorial plasma mass densities of the magnetosphere, are tabulated with respect to L-value and time. The most probable fundamental mode frequency is found to be approximately 75 mHz at L = 1.6 and decreases with increasing L-value. The distribution of the fundamental mode frequency at L = 3.3, however, exhibits two distinct groups: The lower frequencies centered at 10 mHz representing the measurements inside the plasmasphere whereas the higher frequencies centered at 39 mHz indicating the faster field line oscillations in the more tenuous plasmatrough. Through statistical analysis we also examine the effects of local time, solar flux, and geomagnetic conditions on the fundamental mode frequency and the inferred density of the plasmasphere.

  16. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  17. 7 CFR 319.56-27 - Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea...Vegetables § 319.56-27 Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United...

  18. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  19. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  20. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  1. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  2. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  3. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  4. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  5. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  6. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory § 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  7. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  8. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  9. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  10. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory § 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  11. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  12. Printing AppleWorks Data Base Files with the Apple IIGS Computer Using AppleWorks V2.0. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlenker, Richard M.

    This step-by-step guide to printing AppleWorks V2.0 database files with the Apple IIGS computer covers selecting a print format, selecting a printer, and printing the report. Twenty-five sample screen displays and an example of the printed report are included to illustrate the steps. (MES)

  13. The Atom and the Apple, Princeton University Press, "The Atom and the Apple is a delightful ramble through many areas of science as well as

    E-print Network

    Balibar, Sébastien

    The Atom and the Apple, Princeton University Press, Reviews: "The Atom and the Apple and stimulating, and it frequently challenges political correctness. . . . The Atom and the Apple provides." --Publishers Weekly (Starred Review) #12;Science Teacher Association recommends : The Atom and the Apple

  14. Apple Burrknot Borers in New York Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State

    E-print Network

    Agnello, Arthur M.

    Apple Burrknot Borers in New York ­ Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State DAVID P. KAIN, RICHARD W. STRAUB AND ARTHUR M. AGNELLO Department damage to dwarf apple trees caused by American plum borer, a survey was conducted in the major apple

  15. High-precision measurement of (186)Os/(188)Os and (187)Os/(188)Os: isobaric oxide corrections with in-run measured oxygen isotope ratios.

    PubMed

    Chu, Zhu-Yin; Li, Chao-Feng; Chen, Zhi; Xu, Jun-Jie; Di, Yan-Kun; Guo, Jing-Hui

    2015-09-01

    We present a novel method for high precision measurement of (186)Os/(188)Os and (187)Os/(188)Os ratios, applying isobaric oxide interference correction based on in-run measurements of oxygen isotopic ratios. For this purpose, we set up a static data collection routine to measure the main Os(16)O3(-) ion beams with Faraday cups connected to conventional 10(11) amplifiers, and (192)Os(16)O2(17)O(-) and (192)Os(16)O2(18)O(-) ion beams with Faraday cups connected to 10(12) amplifiers. Because of the limited number of Faraday cups, we did not measure (184)Os(16)O3(-) and (189)Os(16)O3(-) simultaneously in-run, but the analytical setup had no significant influence on final (186)Os/(188)Os and (187)Os/(188)Os data. By analyzing UMd, DROsS, an in-house Os solution standard, and several rock reference materials, including WPR-1, WMS-1a, and Gpt-5, the in-run measured oxygen isotopic ratios were proven to present accurate Os isotopic data. However, (186)Os/(188)Os and (187)Os/(188)Os data obtained with in-run O isotopic compositions for the solution standards and rock reference materials show minimal improvement in internal and external precision, compared to the conventional oxygen correction method. We concluded that, the small variations of oxygen isotopes during OsO3(-) analytical sessions are probably not the main source of error for high precision Os isotopic analysis. Nevertheless, use of run-specific O isotopic compositions is still a better choice for Os isotopic data reduction and eliminates the requirement of extra measurements of the oxygen isotopic ratios. PMID:26255581

  16. The Venturia Apple Pathosystem: Pathogenicity Mechanisms and Plant Defense Responses

    PubMed Central

    Jha, Gopaljee; Thakur, Karnika; Thakur, Priyanka

    2009-01-01

    Venturia inaequalis is the causal agent of apple scab, a devastating disease of apple. We outline several unique features of this pathogen which are useful for molecular genetics studies intended to understand plant-pathogen interactions. The pathogenicity mechanisms of the pathogen and overview of apple defense responses, monogenic and polygenic resistance, and their utilization in scab resistance breeding programs are also reviewed. PMID:20150969

  17. CAMAPPLE: CAMAC interface to the Apple computer

    SciTech Connect

    Oxoby, G.J.; Trang, Q.H.; Williams, S.H.

    1981-04-01

    The advent of the personal microcomputer provides a new tool for the debugging, calibration and monitoring of small scale physics apparatus, e.g., a single detector being developed for a larger physics apparatus. With an appropriate interface these microcomputer systems provide a low cost (1/3 the cost of a comparable minicomputer system), convenient, dedicated, portable system which can be used in a fashion similar to that of portable oscilloscopes. Here, an interface between the Apple computer and CAMAC which is now being used to study the detector for a Cerenkov ring-imaging device is described. The Apple is particularly well-suited to this application because of its ease of use, hi-resolution graphics, peripheral bus and documentation support.

  18. Ethylene binding site affinity in ripening apples

    SciTech Connect

    Blankenship, S.M. . Dept. of Horticultural Science); Sisler, E.C. )

    1993-09-01

    Scatchard plots for ethylene binding in apples (Malus domestica Borkh.), which were harvested weekly for 5 weeks to include the ethylene climacteric rise, showed C[sub 50] values (concentration of ethylene needed to occupy 50% of the ethylene binding sites) of 0.10, 0.11, 0.34, 0.40, and 0.57 [mu]l ethylene/liter[sup [minus]1], respectively, for each of the 5 weeks. Higher ethylene concentrations were required to saturate the binding sites during the climacteric rise than at other times. Diffusion of [sup 14]C-ethylene from the binding sites was curvilinear and did not show any indication of multiple binding sites. Ethylene was not metabolized by apple tissue.

  19. Association of genetic variation in adaptor protein APPL1/APPL2 loci with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

    PubMed

    Barbieri, Michelangela; Esposito, Antonietta; Angellotti, Edith; Rizzo, Maria Rosaria; Marfella, Raffaele; Paolisso, Giuseppe

    2013-01-01

    The importance of genetics and epigenetic changes in the pathogenesis of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasingly recognized. Adiponectin has a central role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism and controlling inflammation in insulin-sensitive tissues and low adiponectin levels have been linked to NAFLD. APPL1 and APPL2 are adaptor proteins that interact with the intracellular region of adiponectin receptors and mediate adiponectin signaling and its effects on metabolism. The aim of our study was the evaluation of a potential association between variants at APPL1 and APPL2 loci and NAFLD occurrence. The impact on liver damage and hepatic steatosis severity has been also evaluated. To this aim allele frequency and genotype distribution of APPL1- rs3806622 and -rs4640525 and APPL2-rs 11112412 variants were evaluated in 223 subjects with clinical diagnosis of NAFLD and compared with 231 healthy subjects. The impact of APPL1 and APPL2 SNPs on liver damage and hepatic steatosis severity has been also evaluated. The minor-allele combination APPL1-C/APPL2-A was associated with an increased risk of NAFLD (OR?=?2.50 95% CI 1.45-4.32; p<0.001) even after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), triglycerides and adiponectin levels. This allele combination carrier had higher plasma alanine aminotransferase levels (Diff?=?15.08 [7.60-22.57] p?=?0.001) and an increased frequency of severe steatosis compared to the reference allele combination (OR?=?3.88; 95% CI 1.582-9.531; p<0.001). In conclusion, C-APPL1/A-APPL2 allele combination is associated with NAFLD occurrence, with a more severe hepatic steatosis grade and with a reduced adiponectin cytoprotective effect on liver. PMID:23977033

  20. Modified shelf water on the continental slope north of Mac Robertson Land, East Antarctica

    E-print Network

    Riser, Stephen C.

    Modified shelf water on the continental slope north of Mac Robertson Land, East Antarctica Annie P continental shelf in winter and plays an important role in ventilating the deep Southern Ocean. The seasonal. These float data support recent results that the continental shelf along Mac Robertson Land is a significant

  1. RMAC: A Routing-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Riedi, Rudolf H.

    RMAC: A Routing-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Shu Du Amit Kumar--Duty-cycle MAC protocols have been proposed to meet the demanding energy requirements of wireless sensor networks. INTRODUCTION Large-scale wireless sensor networks have a significant po- tential in applications

  2. SESAM: A SemiSynchronous, Energy Savvy, ApplicationAware MAC

    E-print Network

    Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

    SESAM: A Semi­Synchronous, Energy Savvy, Application­Aware MAC Renato Lo Cigno, Matteo Nardelli inefficiency is Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). In this paper we propose SESAM -- a distributed MAC protocol a notation that is useful to design SESAM, which is described in Sect. III. Sect.IV presents results

  3. THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE GROWTH OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    MAC organisms are able to grow, persist, and colonize in water distribution systems and may amplify in hospital hot water systems. This study examined the response of MAC organisms (M. avium, M. intracellulare, and MX) to a range of temperatures commonly associated with drinking...

  4. 78 FR 65145 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Capital Planning

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... distributions before making them. \\1\\ 78 FR 5320. II. Background A. Farmer Mac Farmer Mac is an institution of... Plans, 76 FR 74631 (December 1, 2011); the FRS's proposed rule, Enhanced Prudential Standards and Early Remediation Requirements for Covered Companies, 77 FR 594 (January 5, 2012); the U.S. banking agencies'...

  5. 42 CFR 421.404 - Assignment of providers and suppliers to MACs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Assignment of providers and suppliers to MACs. 421.404 Section 421.404 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) MEDICARE CONTRACTING Medicare Administrative Contractors (MACs) § 421.404 Assignment...

  6. 42 CFR 421.404 - Assignment of providers and suppliers to MACs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Assignment of providers and suppliers to MACs. 421.404 Section 421.404 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) MEDICARE CONTRACTING Medicare Administrative Contractors (MACs) § 421.404 Assignment...

  7. Energy Saving MAC for MIMO Systems Sunheui Ryoo and Saewoong Bahk

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    Energy Saving MAC for MIMO Systems Sunheui Ryoo and Saewoong Bahk School of Electrical Engineering. In this paper, we propose an Energy Saving MAC protocol in MIMO (ESMACM) systems by focusing on energy ESMACM considerably saves energy consumption compared to conventional capacity maximization schemes

  8. Installing OMERO.searcher Local Client version 1.3 in MacOSX

    E-print Network

    Murphy, Robert F.

    the license 5. Install Enthought. It is Python distribution with a GUI, integrated code editor and IPython #12 in MacOSX 10.8.* If you have successfully installed CellOrganizer for Python in your Mac, then skip: The first time you run Enthought be sure to click the use of Canopy as a default Python environment. If you

  9. A Meta-Analytic Review of the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper-Hakim, Amy; Viswesvaran, Chockalingam

    2002-01-01

    Using meta analysis, examined the predictive validity of scores on the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale (C. MacAndrew, 1965). Compared results for 161 studies with results for 63 studies using cut scores. Discusses why the use of continuous measures rather than cut scores is recommended. (SLD)

  10. Automated MAC Protocol Generation with Multiple Neighborhoods and Acknowledgments Based on

    E-print Network

    Rodoplu, Volkan

    1 Automated MAC Protocol Generation with Multiple Neighborhoods and Acknowledgments Based a framework for automated Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol generation based on a model that incorporates protocols are designed from "hand-designed protocols" to protocols designed via design automation chains

  11. 42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. 423.2102 Section 423.2102 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review,...

  12. Self-Admitted Pretensions of Mac Users on a Predominantly PC University Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firmin, Michael W.; Wood, Whitney L. Muhlenkamp; Firmin, Ruth L.; Wood, Jordan C.

    2010-01-01

    The present qualitative research study addressed the overall research question of college students' pretention dynamics in the context of a university setting. Thirty-five Mac users were interviewed on a university campus that exclusively supports PC machines. Mac users shared four self-admitted pretensions related to using Macintosh computers.…

  13. Comparative study of MacCormack and TVD MacCormack schemes for three-dimensional separation at wing/body junctions in supersonic flows

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lakshmanan, Balakrishnan; Tiwari, Surendra N.

    1992-01-01

    A robust, discontinuity-resolving TVD MacCormack scheme containing no dependent parameters requiring adjustment is presently used to investigate the 3D separation of wing/body junction flows at supersonic speeds. Many production codes employing MacCormack schemes can be adapted to use this method. A numerical simulation of laminar supersonic junction flow is found to yield improved separation location predictions, as well as the axial velocity profiles in the separated flow region.

  14. Opportunistic Pathogens Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) and Legionella spp. Colonise Model Shower

    PubMed Central

    Whiley, Harriet; Giglio, Steven; Bentham, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Legionella spp. and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) are opportunistic pathogens of public health concern. Hot water systems, including showers, have been identified as a potential source of infection. This paper describes the colonization of Legionella and MAC on the flexible tubing within a model potable shower system, utilizing thermostatic mixing and a flexible shower head. A MAC qPCR method of enumeration was also developed. MAC and Legionella spp. were detected within the biofilm at maximum concentrations of 7.0 × 104 and 2.0 × 103 copies/cm2 PVC tubing respectively. No significant changes were observed between sample of the flexible shower tubing that dried between uses and those that remained filled with water. This suggested the “unhooking” showerheads and allowing them to dry is not an effective method to reduce the risk of Legionella or MAC colonisation. PMID:26213977

  15. Opportunistic Pathogens Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) and Legionella spp. Colonise Model Shower.

    PubMed

    Whiley, Harriet; Giglio, Steven; Bentham, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Legionella spp. and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) are opportunistic pathogens of public health concern. Hot water systems, including showers, have been identified as a potential source of infection. This paper describes the colonization of Legionella and MAC on the flexible tubing within a model potable shower system, utilizing thermostatic mixing and a flexible shower head. A MAC qPCR method of enumeration was also developed. MAC and Legionella spp. were detected within the biofilm at maximum concentrations of 7.0 × 104 and 2.0 × 103 copies/cm2 PVC tubing respectively. No significant changes were observed between sample of the flexible shower tubing that dried between uses and those that remained filled with water. This suggested the "unhooking" showerheads and allowing them to dry is not an effective method to reduce the risk of Legionella or MAC colonisation. PMID:26213977

  16. Interference Analysis Status and Plans for Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Wilson, Jeffrey D.

    2010-01-01

    Interference issues related to the operation of an aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) in the C-Band (specifically 5091-5150 MHz) is being investigated. The issue of primary interest is co-channel interference from AeroMACS into mobile-satellite system (MSS) feeder uplinks. The effort is focusing on establishing practical limits on AeroMACS transmissions from airports so that the threshold of interference into MSS is not exceeded. The analyses are being performed with the software package Visualyse Professional, developed by Transfinite Systems Limited. Results with omni-directional antennas and plans to extend the models to represent AeroMACS more accurately will be presented. These models should enable realistic analyses of emerging AeroMACS designs to be developed from NASA Test Bed, RTCA 223, and European results.

  17. Research on low-latency MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Chenguang; Sha, Xuejun; Lee, Chankil

    2007-11-01

    Energy-efficient should not be the only design goal in MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks, which involve the use of battery-operated computing and sensing devices. Low-latency operation becomes the same important as energy-efficient in the case that the traffic load is very heavy or the real-time constrain is used in applications like tracking or locating. This paper introduces some causes of traditional time delays which are inherent in a multi-hops network using existing WSN MAC protocols, illuminates the importance of low-latency MAC design for wireless sensor networks, and presents three MACs as examples of low-latency protocols designed specially for sleep delay, wait delay and wakeup delay in wireless sensor networks, respectively. The paper also discusses design trade-offs with emphasis on low-latency and points out their advantages and disadvantages, together with some design considerations and suggestions for MAC protocols for future applications and researches.

  18. WC2009_Graw_MB.doc Touch-and marker-free interaction with medical software

    E-print Network

    Lübeck, Universität zu

    equipment or confocal microscopy. Hand gestures and 3D hand positions are recognized using two webcams in stereo configuration attached to a MacOS computer in a tower-like housing. Gathered pictures recognition component and an OsiriX plug-in, running on an iMac (Apple, Inc.) housed in an OR usable tower

  19. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a...permission of the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, or his/her...

  20. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a...permission of the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, or his/her...

  1. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a...permission of the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, or his/her...

  2. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a...permission of the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, or his/her...

  3. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a...permission of the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, or his/her...

  4. Mapping Malus sieversii: A valuable genetic resource for apple breeding

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA-ARS Plant Genetic Resources Unit has established a collection of Malus from around the world in order to preserve and develop genetic resources important to the apple industry. Among this collection is Malus sieversii, the main progenitor of the domestic apple, collected from Central Asia ...

  5. Cytology of infection of apple leaves by Diplocarpon mali

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Diplocarpon mali, the causal agent of Marssonina leaf blotch of apple, causes severe defoliation during the growing season. Little information is available on the mode of infection and infection process. In this study, the infection strategies of D. mali in apple leaves were investigated using fluor...

  6. Morphological and chemical characterization of the kei apple (Dovyalis spp)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dovyalis (Tropical apple) is an exotic fruit originated in Africa, reddish-orange color and high acidity. Tropical apricot or Kei apple (Dovyalis hebecarpa X D. abyssinica) P.I. 112086, is a natural cross which resulted from a mixed planting of D. hebecarpa and D. abyssinica at the Subtropical Horti...

  7. Monte Carlo Simulations of Light Propagation in Apples

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This paper reports on the investigation of light propagation in fresh apples in the visible and short-wave near-infrared region using Monte Carlo simulations. Optical properties of ‘Golden Delicious’ apples were determined over the spectral range of 500-1100 nm using a hyperspectral imaging method, ...

  8. WHOLE SURFACE IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION FOR MACHINE VISION INSPECTION OF APPLES

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Recent outbreaks of E. coli O157:H7 in the US serve as reminders of food safety in produce. Unpasteurized apple juice/cider has been identified as a repeated source of E. coli O157:H7 contamination. Apples with diseased or fungal contaminated surfaces, and open skin cuts and bruises may become sites...

  9. Predicted 2014 Apple Harvest Dates Phillip Schwallier, District Horticulture Educator

    E-print Network

    Predicted 2014 Apple Harvest Dates Phillip Schwallier, District Horticulture Educator Amy Irish-Brown. Most apple growers were successful in thinning the crop with most growers under thinning slightly Irish-Brown NWMHRS 27-May 31-May 31-May 26-Sep 13-Oct 19-Oct Rothwell Table 2. 2014 predicted peak

  10. First report of apple mosaic virus in Alaska

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple mosaic virus (ApMV, family Bromoviridae, genus Ilarvirus) is one of the oldest and most economically important viruses of apples (Malus x domestica Borkh.). Yield losses may vary from negligible to as high as fifty percent, depending on the affected cultivar. Although ApMV is found worldwide...

  11. Reading Michael Apple--The Sociological Imagination at Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Stephen J.

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses Michael Apple's contribution to the sociology of education and education policy analysis and the politics of education. It focuses on ways of "reading" Apple as an intellectual and an activist and looks at the trajectory of his work over a long and illustrious career.

  12. A Real-Time Apple Grading System Using Multicolor Space

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    This study was focused on the multicolor space which provides a better specification of the color and size of the apple in an image. In the study, a real-time machine vision system classifying apples into four categories with respect to color and size was designed. In the analysis, different color spaces were used. As a result, 97% identification success for the red fields of the apple was obtained depending on the values of the parameter “a” of CIE L*a*b*color space. Similarly, 94% identification success for the yellow fields was obtained depending on the values of the parameter y of CIE XYZ color space. With the designed system, three kinds of apples (Golden, Starking, and Jonagold) were investigated by classifying them into four groups with respect to two parameters, color and size. Finally, 99% success rate was achieved in the analyses conducted for 595 apples. PMID:24574880

  13. A real-time apple grading system using multicolor space.

    PubMed

    Toylan, Hayrettin; Kuscu, Hilmi

    2014-01-01

    This study was focused on the multicolor space which provides a better specification of the color and size of the apple in an image. In the study, a real-time machine vision system classifying apples into four categories with respect to color and size was designed. In the analysis, different color spaces were used. As a result, 97% identification success for the red fields of the apple was obtained depending on the values of the parameter "a" of CIE L*a*b*color space. Similarly, 94% identification success for the yellow fields was obtained depending on the values of the parameter y of CIE XYZ color space. With the designed system, three kinds of apples (Golden, Starking, and Jonagold) were investigated by classifying them into four groups with respect to two parameters, color and size. Finally, 99% success rate was achieved in the analyses conducted for 595 apples. PMID:24574880

  14. Use of cyclodextrin-based polymer for patulin analysis in apple juice

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Penicillium expansum, one of the patulin producing fungi that causes decay on apple, is recognized as the main source of patulin contamination on apple and apple products. The widely used method for patulin analysis in apple juice is liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate followed by HPLC-UV or...

  15. 3D Surface Reconstruction and Analysis in Automated Apple Stem-End/Calyx Identification

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Machine vision methods are widely used in apple defect detection and quality grading applications. Currently, 2D near-infrared (NIR) imaging of apples is often used to detect apple defects because the image intensity of the defect is different from the normal apple tissue. However, a drawback of t...

  16. Evaluation of Pest Management Tactics for Organic Apple Production A. Agnello, H. Reissig, and D. Combs

    E-print Network

    Agnello, Arthur M.

    Evaluation of Pest Management Tactics for Organic Apple Production A. Agnello, H. Reissig, and D number of both native and introduced insect and mite species attack apples grown in commercial apple orchards. Control of this pest complex is particularly challenging, because unlike the more arid apple

  17. Gabor feature-based apple quality inspection using kernel principal component analysis

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Automated inspection of apple quality involves computer recognition of good apples and blemished apples based on geometric or statistical features derived from apple images. This paper introduces a Gabor feature-based kernel, principal component analysis (PCA) method; by combining Gabor wavelet rep...

  18. Gene expression profiles for two auxin transporters during apple fruit maturation and ripening

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The maturation and ripening patterns of apple varieties differ greatly due to their long history of cultivation, self-incompatible nature and the high-level heterozygosity of the apple genome. The ripening season across elite apple cultivars can span more than three months. Apple maturation and ripe...

  19. Historical Perspectives on Apple Production: Fruit Tree Pest Management, Regulation and

    E-print Network

    Jentsch, Peter J.

    2 Historical Perspectives on Apple Production: Fruit Tree Pest Management, Regulation and New. Historical Use of Pesticides in Apple Production Overview of Apple Production and Pest Management Prior in Apple Production Chemical Residues in Early Insect Management Historical Chemical Regulation Recent

  20. 75 FR 11071 - Removal of Varietal Restrictions on Apples from Japan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ... Varietal Restrictions on Apples from Japan AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION... variety apples from Japan to allow all varieties of Malus domestica apples into the United States under the same conditions as those for Fuji variety apples. We have determined that the risk of...

  1. The effects of floral understoreys on parasitism of leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on apples in New Zealand

    E-print Network

    Irvin, Nicola A.

    ) on apples in New Zealand N. A. Irvin, S. L. Scarratt, S. D. Wratten, C. M. Frampton*, R. B. Chapman and J. M leafroller pests were carried out in apples at Lincoln, New Zealand. 2 Apple understoreys were planted (Fagopyrum esculentum). 3 Rates of parasitism of experimentally released larvae of the light-brown apple moth

  2. Multiple locus genealogies and phenotypic characters reappraise the causal agents of apple ring rot in China

    E-print Network

    Biggs, Alan R.

    Multiple locus genealogies and phenotypic characters reappraise the causal agents of apple ring rot # School of Science 2014 Abstract Apple ring rot inflicts severe economic losses in the main apple phylogenetic species recognition (GCPSR) was applied to pathogenic fungal isolates from apple and pear from

  3. 2015 FRUIT, NUT, TREE AND SHRUB ORDER INFORMATION APPLES ... Red Delicious -cross pollinates with Yellow Delicious

    E-print Network

    Malloy, Brian

    2015 FRUIT, NUT, TREE AND SHRUB ORDER INFORMATION APPLES ... Red Delicious - cross pollinates; requires pollinator. Order 2 other varieties with this type. Yates - small red apple; requires pollinator (Red Delicious or Granny Smith) *Stayman - red apple; good cooking apple; needs pollinator. Order 2

  4. 7.5 Declaration in Apple vs. Microsoft/Hewlett-Packard

    E-print Network

    Shneiderman, Ben

    327 7.5 Declaration in Apple vs. Microsoft/Hewlett-Packard Ben Shneiderman I, Ben Shneiderman declarations and to further identify the arrangement that is unique to Apple and that makes the overall Petrie, Attorneys for Plaintiff, Apple Computer, Inc.; APPLE COMPUTER, INC., Plaintiff, vs. MCROSOFT CORP

  5. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 5: October 8, 2014

    E-print Network

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 5: October 8, 2014 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators Wet conditions have slowed apple harvest are not cooperating with northwest Michigan apple growers as many apples are ripening quicker this week, but rain has

  6. Dimer Dissociation and Unfolding Mechanism of Coagulation Factor XI Apple 4 Domain: Spectroscopic

    E-print Network

    Roder, Heinrich

    Dimer Dissociation and Unfolding Mechanism of Coagulation Factor XI Apple 4 Domain: Spectroscopic of disulfide- linked chains each containing four apple domains and a catalytic domain. The apple 4 domain (A4; A4, apple 4 domain of factor XI; DLS, dynamic light scattering; FXI, factor XI; FXIa, factor FXIa

  7. 7 CFR 319.56-27 - Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. 319.56-27... § 319.56-27 Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Any variety of Malus domestica apples may be imported into the United States from Japan, and Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United...

  8. 7 CFR 319.56-27 - Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. 319.56-27... § 319.56-27 Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Any variety of Malus domestica apples may be imported into the United States from Japan, and Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United...

  9. 7 CFR 319.56-27 - Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. 319.56-27... § 319.56-27 Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Any variety of Malus domestica apples may be imported into the United States from Japan, and Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United...

  10. 7 CFR 319.56-27 - Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. 319.56-27... § 319.56-27 Apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Any variety of Malus domestica apples may be imported into the United States from Japan, and Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United...

  11. Codling moth of apples and pears The codling moth is a pest of apples and pears in the

    E-print Network

    Codling moth of apples and pears The codling moth is a pest of apples and pears in the United or scaffolds. The first moth of the season usually appears shortly in late bloom or petal fall. Moths emerge, where the insecticides do not affect them. Are conditions right for codling moth? Forecast models

  12. Introduction The apple maggot is one of the most important economic insect pests of apples in New

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    to the fruit. Females lay their eggs singly in tiny punctures that are difficult to see on the apple skin. Life develop rapidly and enter the soil where they pupate. Apple Maggot TreeFruit Pest Fact Sheet 4 #12;Control has indicated that most commercial growers need not apply more than two well- timed sprays. Some

  13. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Based Metabolic Comparative Analysis of Two Apple Varieties with Different Resistances to Apple Scab Attacks.

    PubMed

    Sciubba, Fabio; Di Cocco, Maria Enrica; Gianferri, Raffaella; Capuani, Giorgio; De Salvador, Flavio Roberto; Fontanari, Marco; Gorietti, Daniela; Delfini, Maurizio

    2015-09-23

    Apple scab, caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis, is the most serious disease of the apple worldwide. Two cultivars (Malus domestica), having different degrees of resistance against fungi attacks, were analyzed by (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Aqueous and organic extracts of both apple flesh and skin were studied, and over 30 metabolites, classified as organic acids, amino acids, carbohydrates, phenolic compounds, lipids, sterols, and other metabolites, were quantified by means of one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) NMR experiments. The metabolic profiles of the two apple cultivars were compared, and the differences were correlated with the different degrees of resistance to apple scab by means of univariate analysis. Levels of metabolites with known antifungal activity were observed not only to be higher in the Almagold cultivar but also to show different correlation patterns in comparison to Golden Delicious, implying a difference in the metabolic network involved in their biosynthesis. PMID:26345382

  14. LFA-1 is sufficient in mediating neutrophil emigration in Mac-1-deficient mice.

    PubMed Central

    Lu, H; Smith, C W; Perrard, J; Bullard, D; Tang, L; Shappell, S B; Entman, M L; Beaudet, A L; Ballantyne, C M

    1997-01-01

    To better define the specific function of Mac-1 (CD11b) versus LFA-1 (CD11a) and the other CD11 integrins in vivo, we have disrupted murine CD11b by targeted homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells and generated mice which are homozygous for a mutation in CD11b. A null mutation was confirmed by Southern blotting, RNase protection assay, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry. Neutrophils isolated from mice deficient in Mac-1 were defective in adherence to keyhole limpet hemocyanin-coated glass, iC3b-mediated phagocytosis, and homotypic aggregation. When challenged by thioglycollate intraperitoneally, Mac-1-deficient mice had similar levels of neutrophil accumulation in the peritoneal cavity at 1, 2, and 4 h. Treatment with mAb to LFA-1 blocked 78% of neutrophil accumulation in Mac-1-deficient mice and 58% in wild-type mice. Neutrophil emigration into the peritoneal cavity 16 h after the implantation of fibrinogen-coated disks was not reduced in Mac-1-deficient mice whereas neutrophil adhesion to the fibrinogen-coated disks was reduced by > 90%. Neutrophils from Mac-1-deficient mice also showed reduced degranulation. Our results demonstrate that Mac-1 plays a critical role in mediating binding of neutrophils to fibrinogen and neutrophil degranulation, but is not necessary for effective neutrophil emigration, which is more dependent upon LFA-1. PMID:9077544

  15. Apple EIN3 BINDING F-box 1 inhibits the activity of three apple EIN3-like transcription factors

    PubMed Central

    Tacken, Emma J.; Ireland, Hilary S.; Wang, Yen-Yi; Putterill, Jo; Schaffer, Robert J.

    2012-01-01

    Background and aims Fruit ripening in Malus× domestica (apple) is controlled by ethylene. Work in model species has shown that following the detection of ethylene, the ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 3 (EIN3) transcription factor is stabilized, leading to an increase in transcript accumulation of ethylene-responsive genes, such as POLYGALACTURONASE1 (PG1). In the absence of ethylene, the EIN3 BINDING F-box (EBF) proteins rapidly degrade EIN3 via the ubiquitination/SCF (Skp, Cullin, F-Box) proteasome pathway. In this study, we aim to identify and characterize the apple EBF genes, and test their activity against apple EIN3-like proteins (EILs). Methodology The apple genome sequence was mined for EBF-like genes. The expression of EBF-like genes was measured during fruit development. Using a transient assay in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves, the activity of three apple EILs was tested against the PG1 promoter, with and without ethylene and EBF1. Principal results Four EBF-like genes in apple were identified and grouped into two sub-clades. Sub-clade I genes had constant expression over fruit development while sub-clade II genes increased in expression at ripening. EBF1 was shown to reduce the transactivation of the apple PG1 promoter by the EIL1, EIL2 and EIL3 transcription factors in the presence of ethylene. Conclusions The apple EBF1 gene identified here is likely to be a functionally conserved EBF orthologue, modulating EIL activity in apples. The activity of EBF1 suggests that it is not specific to a single EIL, instead acting as a global regulator of apple EIL transcription factors. PMID:23585922

  16. Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice and apple cider by trans-cinnamaldehyde.

    PubMed

    Baskaran, Sangeetha Ananda; Amalaradjou, Mary Anne Roshni; Hoagland, Thomas; Venkitanarayanan, Kumar

    2010-06-30

    This study investigated the antimicrobial effect of low concentrations of trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC) on Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice and apple cider. A five-strain mixture of E. coli O157:H7 was inoculated into apple juice or cider at approximately 6.0 log CFU/ml, followed by the addition of TC (0%v/v, 0.025%v/v, 0.075%v/v and 0.125%v/v). The inoculated apple juice samples were incubated at 23 degrees C and 4 degrees C for 21 days, whereas the cider samples were stored only at 4 degrees C. The pH of apple juice and cider, and E. coli O157:H7 counts were determined on days 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 14 and 21. TC was effective (P<0.05) in inactivating E. coli O157:H7 in apple juice and apple cider. At 23 degrees C, 0.125 and 0.075%v/v TC completely inactivated E. coli O157:H7 in apple juice (negative by enrichment) on days 1 and 3, respectively. At 4 degrees C, 0.125 and 0.075%v/v TC decreased the pathogen counts in the juice and cider to undetectable levels on days 3 and 5, respectively. Results indicate that low concentrations of TC could be used as an effective antimicrobial to inactivate E. coli O157:H7 in apple juice and apple cider. PMID:20442003

  17. A Dynamic CFP Allocation and Opportunity Contention-Based WBAN MAC Protocol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seo, Young-Sun; Kim, Dae-Young; Cho, Jinsung

    WBANs provide communication services in the vicinity of the human body. Since WBANs utilize both MICS frequency band for implant medical applications and ISM frequency band for medical and consumer electronics (CE) applications, MAC protocols in WBAN should be designed considering flexibility between medical and CE applications. In this letter, we identify the requirements of WBAN MAC protocols and propose a WBAN MAC protocol which satisfies the requirements. In order to provide transmission flexibility for various applications, we present the dynamic CFP allocation and opportunity period. Extensive simulation results show that the proposed protocol achieves improved throughput and latency in WBAN environment compared with IEEE 802.15.4.

  18. An augmented MMS MACS for the Topex/Poseidon mission and beyond. [Modular Attitude Control Subsystem

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, R. J.; Dennehy, C. J.; Lee, D.; Welch, R. V.

    1990-01-01

    The augmented Modular Attitude Control Subsystem (MACS) is described, with emphasis on the significant hardware modifications that have been incorporated into the Landsat MMS (Multimission Modular Spacecraft) MACS design to satisfy the Topex/Poseidon mission attitude control and determination requirements. Particular attention is given to a modification consisting in the addition of an earth pointing safe hold mode utilizing yaw coarse sun sensors to provide a yaw-slew capability for maintaining adequate illumination of the solar array. The design utility of this augmented MACS module for future spacecraft applications is pointed out.

  19. Blake Farms is a diversified apple orchard, offering U-pick apples and farm stand sales in the fall, as well as a growing business making and selling hard cider. Our goal is to provide quality

    E-print Network

    Isaacs, Rufus

    Overview Blake Farms is a diversified apple orchard, offering U-pick apples and farm stand sales. In the fall we harvest apples, which we pick, sort, press into cider, and either bottle for sale as sweet customers come to pick apples, buy sweet cider and donuts, and taste and buy hard cider. Once the apples

  20. 1. Open up Apple Mail. If you do not have a non Barnard email account already configured in Apple Mail you can skip to step 2. If you already have a different email

    E-print Network

    1. Open up Apple Mail. If you do not have a non Barnard email account already configured in Apple. Then hit the "+ "symbol to add a new account. If you already have a Barnard account set up in Apple Mail will be set up in Apple Mail. 5. From within the Apple Mail program, click "Mail" at the top

  1. Thermoaciduric Clostridium pasteurianum spoilage of shelf-stable apple juice.

    PubMed

    Feng, Guoping; Churey, John J; Worobo, Randy W

    2010-10-01

    Clostridium pasteurianum BB, a saccharolytic and spore-forming obligate anaerobe, was isolated and identified from shelf-stable apple juice that was responsible for multiple large spoilage outbreaks. The growth and sporulation conditions of C. pasteurianum were atypical compared with those previously published. C. pasteurianum spores were heat resistant in apple juice at pH 3.80, with D-values at 80, 85, and 90°C being 34.4, 15.9, and 4.4 min, respectively, and a z-value of 11°C. The survival curves for thermal inactivation obeyed linear first-order kinetics. Apple juice with varying pH values was used to determine the effect of pH on germination capability of C. pasteurianum spores. The spores were found to be able to germinate at pH as low as 4.3 in pH-adjusted apple juice at low contamination levels. It was confirmed by PCR that C. pasteurianum isolated from spoiled apple juice did not contain the genes for botulinum toxins B and E, which were more commonly found in neurotoxigenic butyric clostridia. Control of finished-juice pH to below 4.0 in combination with mild heating was proposed to prevent potential spoilage of shelf-stable apple juice made with spore-contaminated apple juice concentrate. PMID:21067677

  2. Kinetics of patulin degradation in model solution, apple cider and apple juice by ultraviolet radiation.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yan; Koutchma, Tatiana; Warriner, Keith; Shao, Suqin; Zhou, Ting

    2013-08-01

    Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by a wide range of molds involved in fruit spoilage, most commonly by Penicillium expansum and is a health concern for both consumers and manufacturers. The current study evaluated feasibility of monochromatic ultraviolet (UV) radiation at 253.7?nm as a possible commercial application for the reduction of patulin in fresh apple cider and juice. The R-52G MINERALIGHT® UV bench top lamp was used for patulin destruction. It was shown that 56.5%, 87.5%, 94.8% and 98.6% reduction of patulin can be achieved, respectively, in the model solution, apple cider, apple juice without ascorbic acid addition and apple juice with ascorbic acid addition in 2-mm thickness sample initially spiked by 1?mg·L(-1) of patulin after UV exposure for 40?min at UV irradiance of 3.00?mW·cm(-2). A mathematic model to compare the degradation rate and effective UV dose was developed. The effective UV doses that were directly absorbed by patulin for photochemical reaction were 430, 674, 724 and 763?mJ·cm(-3), respectively. The fluence-based decimal reduction time was estimated to 309.3, 31.3, 28.9 and 5.1?mW·cm(-2)·min, respectively, in four media mentioned above. The degradation of patulin followed the first-order reaction model. The time-based and fluence-based reaction rate constants were determined to predict patulin degradation. The time-based reaction rate constant of samples treated in dynamic regime with constant stirring (model solution: 2.95E-4?s(-1), juice: 4.31E-4?s(-1)) were significantly higher than samples treated in static regime (model solution: 2.79E-4?s(-1), juice: 3.49E-4?s(-1), p?apple juice was significantly higher than model solution (p?apple cider and juice. PMID:23729413

  3. Genetic control of biennial bearing in apple

    PubMed Central

    Guitton, Baptiste; Kelner, Jean-Jacques; Velasco, Riccardo; Gardiner, Susan E.; Chagné, David; Costes, Evelyne

    2012-01-01

    Although flowering in mature fruit trees is recurrent, floral induction can be strongly inhibited by concurrent fruiting, leading to a pattern of irregular fruiting across consecutive years referred to as biennial bearing. The genetic determinants of biennial bearing in apple were investigated using the 114 flowering individuals from an F1 population of 122 genotypes, from a ‘Starkrimson’ (strong biennial bearer)בGranny Smith’ (regular bearer) cross. The number of inflorescences, and the number and the mass of harvested fruit were recorded over 6 years and used to calculate 26 variables and indices quantifying yield, precocity of production, and biennial bearing. Inflorescence traits exhibited the highest genotypic effect, and three quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on linkage group (LG) 4, LG8, and LG10 explained 50% of the phenotypic variability for biennial bearing. Apple orthologues of flowering and hormone-related genes were retrieved from the whole-genome assembly of ‘Golden Delicious’ and their position was compared with QTLs. Four main genomic regions that contain floral integrator genes, meristem identity genes, and gibberellin oxidase genes co-located with QTLs. The results indicated that flowering genes are less likely to be responsible for biennial bearing than hormone-related genes. New hypotheses for the control of biennial bearing emerged from QTL and candidate gene co-locations and suggest the involvement of different physiological processes such as the regulation of flowering genes by hormones. The correlation between tree architecture and biennial bearing is also discussed. PMID:21963613

  4. The psychometric assessment of alcoholism in forensic groups: the MacAndrew scale and response bias.

    PubMed

    Wasyliw, O E; Haywood, T W; Grossman, L S; Cavanaugh, J L

    1993-04-01

    Although the MacAndrew Alcoholism scale is the most widely used Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) measure of vulnerability to alcohol abuse, its accuracy has not been studied in patients intrinsically motivated to exaggerate or minimize psychopathology. We examined the usefulness of the MAC in predicting alcohol abuse in a forensic clinical sample. Results indicate the MAC (a) was not more effective than direct inquiry in this group, (b) scores were correlated negatively with minimization and positively with exaggeration for subjects with histories of alcohol abuse, (c) offered advantages over direct inquiry both in screening for alcohol history (sensitivity) and in confirming it (specificity), and (d) scores were only moderately more accurate in valid than in minimized or exaggerated MMPI protocols. The results suggest that clinicians should use the MAC cautiously, particularly when they suspect motivation to minimize psychopathology. PMID:8473964

  5. Analysis of an Adaptive P-Persistent MAC Scheme for WLAN Providing Delay Fairness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yen, Chih-Ming; Chang, Chung-Ju; Chen, Yih-Shen; Huang, Ching Yao

    The paper proposes and analyzes an adaptive p-persistent-based (APP) medium access control (MAC) scheme for IEEE 802.11 WLAN. The APP MAC scheme intends to support delay fairness for every station in each access, denoting small delay variance. It differentiates permission probabilities of transmission for stations which are incurred with various packet delays. This permission probability is designed as a function of the numbers of retransmissions and re-backoffs so that stations with larger packet delay are endowed with higher permission probability. Also, the scheme is analyzed by a Markov-chain analysis, where the collision probability, the system throughput, and the average delay are successfully obtained. Numerical results show that the proposed APP MAC scheme can attain lower mean delay and higher mean throughput. In the mean time, simulation results are given to justify the validity of the analysis, and also show that the APP MAC scheme can achieve more delay fairness than conventional algorithms.

  6. HARD CLAM CLEANSING IN NEW YORK Robert B. Mac Millan and James H. Redman

    E-print Network

    HARD CLAM CLEANSING IN NEW YORK Robert B. Mac Millan and James H. Redman The State of New York (NY have been accumulated relative to the effectiveness of this process in cleansing hard clams. New York

  7. 42 CFR 423.2122 - What evidence may be submitted to the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., the MAC may request the Secretary to seek enforcement of the subpoena in accordance with section 205(e) of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 405(e). (2) After submitting the enforcement request, the time period for...

  8. Cooperative and Non-cooperative Models for slotted-Aloha type MAC protocols

    E-print Network

    Cooperative and Non-cooperative Models for slotted-Aloha type MAC protocols Richard T.B. Ma, Vishal- able. (2) Under non-cooperative selfish behaviors, medium utilization collapses and Prisoner's Dilemma

  9. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer May 4, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer May 4, 1934, DETAIL OF KITCHEN (SHOWING ORIGINAL METAL-LINED BREAD OVEN) - 7 Washington Square North (House), New York, New York County, NY

  10. 75 FR 27951 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Investments and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ...investment and liquidity management regulations in light of investment and liquidity risk...and our internal analysis, we will consider...condition. While the management of Farmer Mac's non-program investment portfolio and its...

  11. 78 FR 65541 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Liquidity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-01

    ...adverse economic or financial conditions...Strengthen liquidity management at Farmer Mac...the liquidity management practices at financial institutions...liquidity risk management. In the aftermath of the financial crisis in...

  12. BIG MAC: A bolometer array for mid-infrared astronomy, Center Director's Discretionary Fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Telesco, C. M.; Decher, R.; Baugher, C.

    1985-01-01

    The infrared array referred to as Big Mac (for Marshall Array Camera), was designed for ground based astronomical observations in the wavelength range 5 to 35 microns. It contains 20 discrete gallium-doped germanium bolometer detectors at a temperature of 1.4K. Each bolometer is irradiated by a square field mirror constituting a single pixel of the array. The mirrors are arranged contiguously in four columns and five rows, thus defining the array configuration. Big Mac utilized cold reimaging optics and an up looking dewar. The total Big Mac system also contains a telescope interface tube for mounting the dewar and a computer for data acquisition and processing. Initial astronomical observations at a major infrared observatory indicate that Big Mac performance is excellent, having achieved the design specifications and making this instrument an outstanding tool for astrophysics.

  13. DETECTION,QUANTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS IN DRINKING WATER.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), including Mycobacterium avium and M. intracellulare, are clinically relevant and cause a myriad of opportunistic infections. Children, the elderly, and persons with previous lung conditions or immune system dysfunction...

  14. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer May 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer May 1, 1934, DETAIL OF STAIR (1st STORY -- REAR HALL). - St. George's Rectory, Prospect & Greenwich Streets, Hempstead, Nassau County, NY

  15. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer May 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer May 1, 1934, DETAIL OF MANTEL (PARLOR -- SOUTH WALL). - St. George's Rectory, Prospect & Greenwich Streets, Hempstead, Nassau County, NY

  16. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer April 3, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey, E.P. MacFarland, Photographer April 3, 1934, DETAIL OF CORNICE (SOUTH ELEVATION). - St. George's Rectory, Prospect & Greenwich Streets, Hempstead, Nassau County, NY

  17. Frames, audiences, and presence in Catharine MacKinnon's anti-pornography argument 

    E-print Network

    Sacks, Lauren Peta

    1998-01-01

    Currently, in the United States, the courts have ographics. categorized pornography as a form of expression and therefore it is protected by the First Amendment. However, Catharine MacKinnon argues for the reframing of pornography to a civil issue...

  18. March/ April 1996 Biotechnology Software Journal MacPlasmap 2.1

    E-print Network

    Campbell, A. Malcolm

    March/ April 1996 Biotechnology Software Journal MacPlasmap 2.1 Reviewed by A. Malcolm Campbell, Ph file. The three genes were drawn manually and the ruler is in bast:'pairs . #12;Biotechnology Software

  19. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 SOUTH ELEVATION (FRONT). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

  20. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 INSIDE STAIR (LOOKING SOUTH). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

  1. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 DETAIL OF STAIR (SOUTH ELEVATION). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

  2. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 DETAIL OF STAIR, DOOR AND COLUMNS (SOUTH ELEVATION). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

  3. Interaction between single molecules of Mac-1 and ICAM-1 in living cells: An atomic force microscopy study

    SciTech Connect

    Yang Huayan; Yu Junping; Fu Guo; Shi Xiaoli; Xiao Lin; Chen Yizhang; Fang Xiaohong He Cheng

    2007-10-01

    The interaction between integrin macrophage differentiation antigen associated with complement three receptor function (Mac-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), which is controlled tightly by the ligand-binding activity of Mac-1, is central to the regulation of neutrophil adhesion in host defense. Several 'inside-out' signals and extracellular metal ions or antibodies have been found to activate Mac-1, resulting in an increased adhesiveness of Mac-1 to its ligands. However, the molecular basis for Mac-1 activation is not well understood yet. In this work, we have carried out a single-molecule study of Mac-1/ICAM-1 interaction force in living cells by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Our results showed that the binding probability and adhesion force of Mac-1 with ICAM-1 increased upon Mac-1 activation. Moreover, by comparing the dynamic force spectra of different Mac-1 mutants, we expected that Mac-1 activation is governed by the downward movement of its {alpha}7 helix.

  4. The Apple of the mind's eye: Everyday attention, metamemory, and reconstructive memory for the Apple logo.

    PubMed

    Blake, Adam B; Nazarian, Meenely; Castel, Alan D

    2015-01-01

    People are regularly bombarded with logos in an attempt to improve brand recognition, and logos are often designed with the central purpose of memorability. The ubiquitous Apple logo is a simple design and is often referred to as one of the most recognizable logos in the world. The present study examined recall and recognition for this simple and pervasive logo and to what degree metamemory (confidence judgements) match memory performance. Participants showed surprisingly poor memory for the details of the logo as measured through recall (drawings) and forced-choice recognition. Only 1 participant out of 85 correctly recalled the Apple logo, and fewer than half of all participants correctly identified the logo. Importantly, participants indicated higher levels of confidence for both recall and recognition, and this overconfidence was reduced if participants made the judgements after, rather than before, drawing the logo. The general findings did not differ between Apple and PC users. The results provide novel support for theories of attentional saturation, inattentional amnesia, and reconstructive memory; additionally they show how an availability heuristic can lead to overconfidence in memory for logos. PMID:25721103

  5. Application of an Optimized MacCormack-Type Scheme to Acoustic Scattering Problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hixon, Ray; Shih, S. H.; Mankbadi, Reda R.

    1997-01-01

    In this work, a new optimized MacCormack-type scheme, which is 4th order accurate in time and space, is applied to Problems 1 and 2 of Category 1. The performance of this new scheme is compared to that of the 2-4 MacCormack scheme, and results for Problems 1 and 2 of Category 1 are presented and compared to the exact solutions.

  6. Evaluation of a High-Accuracy MacCormack-Type Scheme Using Benchmark Problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hixon, R.

    1997-01-01

    Due to their inherent dissipation and stability, the MacCormack scheme and its variants have been widely used in the computation of unsteady flow and acoustic problems. However, these schemes require many points per wavelength in order to propagate waves with a reasonable amount of accuracy. In this work, the linear wave propagation characteristics of MacCormack-type schemes are shown by solving several of the CAA Benchmark Problems.

  7. The vertex operator for a generalization of MacMahon’s formula

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Liqiang; Wang, Lifang; Wu, Ke; Yang, Jie

    2015-10-01

    We provide a vertex operator realization for a two-parameter generalization of MacMahon’s formula introduced by M. Vuleti? [Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 361, 2789 (2009)]. Since the generalized MacMahon function is the kernel function of some Macdonald symmetric function, we consider the action of two vertex operators on a state corresponding to a Macdonald symmetric function. It becomes evident that the vertex operators appear to be the creation and annihilation operators, respectively on the state.

  8. Apple Puree-Alginate Edible Coating as Carrier of Antimicrobial Agents to Prolong Shelf-Life of Fresh-Cut Apples

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Edible coatings with antimicrobial agents can extend the shelf-life of fresh-cut fruit. The effect of lemongrass, oregano oil and vanillin incorporated in apple puree-alginate edible coatings, on the shelf-life of fresh-cut Fuji apples, was investigated. Coated apples were packed in air-filled pol...

  9. Rheological Properties of HyperMacs—Long Chain Branched Analogues of Hyperbranched Polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dodds, Jonathan M.; De Luca, Edoardo; Hutchings, Lian R.; Clarke, Nigel

    2008-07-01

    HyperMacs are long chain branched analogues of hyperbranched polymers, differing only in the sense that they have polymer chains, rather than monomers between branch points. Although the building blocks for HyperMacs, AB2 macromonomers, can be well-defined in terms of molecular weight and polydispersity, the nature of the coupling strategy adopted for the synthesis of the HyperMacs results in branched polymers with a distribution of molecular weights and architectures. Melt rheology showed polystyrene HyperMacs to be thermorheologically simple, obeying William-Landel-Ferry (WLF) behavior. Zero shear viscosities of the polymers were shown to increase with average molecular weight and the melts display shear thinning behavior. HyperMacs showed little evidence for relaxation by reptation and the rheological behavior agreed well with the Cayley tree model for hierarchical relaxation in tube models of branched polymers. This implies that HyperMacs exhibit architectures similar in nature to long chain branched polymers obtained commercially from metallocene catalysts.

  10. Considerations for Improving the Capacity and Performance of AeroMACS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Kamali, Behnam; Apaza, Rafael D.; Wilson, Jeffrey D.; Dimond, Robert P.

    2014-01-01

    The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) has progressed from concept through prototype development, testing, and standards development and is now poised for the first operational deployments at nine US airports by the Federal Aviation Administration. These initial deployments will support fixed applications. Mobile applications providing connectivity to and from aircraft and ground-based vehicles on the airport surface will occur at some point in the future. Given that many fixed applications are possible for AeroMACS, it is necessary to now consider whether the existing capacity of AeroMACS will be reached even before the mobile applications are ready to be added, since AeroMACS is constrained by both available bandwidth and transmit power limitations. This paper describes some concepts that may be applied to improve the future capacity of AeroMACS, with a particular emphasis on gains that can be derived from the addition of IEEE 802.16j multihop relays to the AeroMACS standard, where a significant analysis effort has been undertaken.

  11. Hyperspectral reflectance and fluorescence for assessing apple maturity

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple maturity encompasses multiple quality attributes, including skin and flesh color, flesh firmness, soluble solids, starch, acid, and ethylene production. Nondestructive measurement of these quality attributes is needed for better determining optimal harvest time and implementing appropriate pos...

  12. Thermal degradation of cloudy apple juice phenolic constituents.

    PubMed

    De Paepe, D; Valkenborg, D; Coudijzer, K; Noten, B; Servaes, K; De Loose, M; Voorspoels, S; Diels, L; Van Droogenbroeck, B

    2014-11-01

    Although conventional thermal processing is still the most commonly used preservation technique in cloudy apple juice production, detailed knowledge on phenolic compound degradation during thermal treatment is still limited. To evaluate the extent of thermal degradation as a function of time and temperature, apple juice samples were isothermally treated during 7,200s over a temperature range of 80-145 °C. An untargeted metabolomics approach based on liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry was developed and applied with the aim to find out the most heat labile phenolic constituents in cloudy apple juice. By the use of a high resolution mass spectrometer, the high degree of in-source fragmentation, the quality of deconvolution and the employed custom-made database, it was possible to achieve a high degree of structural elucidation for the thermolabile phenolic constituents. Procyanidin subclass representatives were discovered as the most heat labile phenolic compounds of cloudy apple juice. PMID:24874374

  13. SIAM J. APPL. MATH. Vol. 32, No. 2, March 1977

    E-print Network

    SIAM J. APPL. MATH. Vol. 32, No. 2, March 1977 SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF NETWORKS WITH RANDOM TOPOLOGIES of Applied Mathematics and Center for Neural Studies, Brown University, Provi- dence, Rhode Island 02912

  14. VAPOR-PHASE DECONTAMINATION OF APPLES CONTAINING ESCHERICHIA COLI

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Improved methods of decontaminating apples containing human pathogens are required. In this investigation, application of gaseous antimicrobial agents was investigated. An apparatus, which transfers vapor from hot antimicrobial solutions to a treatment vessel, was evaluated with Golden Delicious app...

  15. Susceptibility of fruit from diverse apple and crabapple germplasm to attack from plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an important apple pest that significantly hinders sustainable apple production in eastern North America. The potential for host plant resistance to plum curculio among apple (Malus) germplasm has never been rigorously ev...

  16. 'Fuji' and 'Delicious' apple volatile production during high CO2 or low O2 controlled atmosphere storage

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple [Malus sylvestris var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.] fruit contain many diverse biochemical pathways that are differentially regulated according to development and ripening. From these pathways numerous volatiles contributing to apple aroma are produced. Although apple fruit have an extended s...

  17. 75 FR 5763 - Certain Non-Frozen Apple Juice Concentrate from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-04

    ...Administration [A-570-855] Certain Non-Frozen Apple Juice Concentrate from the People's Republic of...the antidumping duty order on certain non-frozen apple juice concentrate (``apple juice'') from the People's Republic of...

  18. 78 FR 56719 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Arsenic in Apple Juice: Action Level; Supporting Document for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ...FDA-2012-D-0322] Draft Guidance for Industry on Arsenic in Apple Juice: Action Level; Supporting Document for Action Level for Arsenic in Apple Juice; A Quantitative Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic in Apple Juice; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY:...

  19. 76 FR 61740 - Geneon Entertainment (USA) Including On-Site Leased Workers From Interplace, Inc., Apple One and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ...Leased Workers From Interplace, Inc., Apple One and Robert Half Legal Santa Monica...leased workers from Interplace, Inc., and Apple One, Santa Monica, California. The workers...leased workers from Interplace, Inc., Apple One and Robert Half Legal, Santa...

  20. 78 FR 42086 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Arsenic in Apple Juice: Action Level; Supporting Document for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ...FDA-2012-D-0322] Draft Guidance for Industry on Arsenic in Apple Juice: Action Level; Supporting Document for Action Level for Arsenic in Apple Juice; A Quantitative Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic in Apple Juice; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug...

  1. Metabolomic change precedes apple superficial scald symptoms.

    PubMed

    Rudell, David R; Mattheis, James P; Hertog, Maarten L A T M

    2009-09-23

    Untargeted metabolic profiling was employed to characterize metabolomic changes associated with 'Granny Smith' apple superficial scald development following 1-MCP or DPA treatment. Partial least-squares discriminant analyses were used to link metabolites with scald, postharvest treatments, and storage duration. Models revealed metabolomic differentiation between untreated controls and fruit treated with DPA or 1-MCP within 1 week following storage initiation. Metabolic divergence between controls and DPA-treated fruit after 4 weeks of storage preceded scald symptom development by 2 months. alpha-Farnesene oxidation products with known associations to scald, including conjugated trienols, 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, and 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-ol, were associated with presymptomatic as well as scalded control fruit. Likewise, a large group of putative triterpenoids with mass spectral features similar to those of ursolic acid and beta-sitosterol were associated with control fruit and scald. Results demonstrate that extensive metabolomic changes associated with scald precede actual symptom development. PMID:19715334

  2. Transgenic apple (Malus x domestica) shoot showing low browning potential.

    PubMed

    Murata, M; Haruta, M; Murai, N; Tanikawa, N; Nishimura, M; Homma, S; Itoh, Y

    2000-11-01

    Transgenic apple shoots were prepared from leaf disks by using Agrobacterium tumefaciens carrying the kanamycin (KM) resistance gene and antisense polyphenol oxidase (PPO) DNA. Four transgenic apple lines that grew on the medium containing 50 microgram/mL KM were obtained. They contained the KM resistance gene and grew stably on the medium for >3 years. Two transgenic shoot lines containing antisense PPO DNA in which PPO activity was repressed showed a lower browning potential than a control shoot. PMID:11087467

  3. Radio Interferometric Calibration via Ordered-Subsets Algorithms: OS-LS and OS-SAGE calibrations

    E-print Network

    Kazemi, S; Zaroubi, S

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this work is to accelerate the Maximum-Likelihood (ML) estimation procedure in radio interferometric calibration. We introduce the OS-LS and the OS-SAGE radio interferometric calibration methods, as a combination of the Ordered-Subsets (OS) method with the Least-Squares (LS) and Space Alternating Generalized Expectation maximization (SAGE) calibration techniques, respectively. The OS algorithm speeds up the ML estimation and achieves nearly the same level of accuracy of solutions as the one obtained by the non-OS methods. We apply the OS-LS and OS-SAGE calibration methods to simulated observations and show that these methods have a much higher convergence rate relative to the conventional LS and SAGE techniques. Moreover, the obtained results show that the OS-SAGE calibration technique has a superior performance compared to the OS-LS calibration method in the sense of achieving more accurate results while having significantly less computational cost.

  4. Modeling apple surface temperature dynamics based on weather data.

    PubMed

    Li, Lei; Peters, Troy; Zhang, Qin; Zhang, Jingjin; Huang, Danfeng

    2014-01-01

    The exposure of fruit surfaces to direct sunlight during the summer months can result in sunburn damage. Losses due to sunburn damage are a major economic problem when marketing fresh apples. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a model for simulating fruit surface temperature (FST) dynamics based on energy balance and measured weather data. A series of weather data (air temperature, humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed) was recorded for seven hours between 11:00-18:00 for two months at fifteen minute intervals. To validate the model, the FSTs of "Fuji" apples were monitored using an infrared camera in a natural orchard environment. The FST dynamics were measured using a series of thermal images. For the apples that were completely exposed to the sun, the RMSE of the model for estimating FST was less than 2.0 °C. A sensitivity analysis of the emissivity of the apple surface and the conductance of the fruit surface to water vapour showed that accurate estimations of the apple surface emissivity were important for the model. The validation results showed that the model was capable of accurately describing the thermal performances of apples under different solar radiation intensities. Thus, this model could be used to more accurately estimate the FST relative to estimates that only consider the air temperature. In addition, this model provides useful information for sunburn protection management. PMID:25350507

  5. Solid phase microextraction for quantitative headspace sampling of apple volatiles.

    PubMed

    Matich, A J; Rowan, D D; Banks, N H

    1996-12-01

    Solid phase microextraction (SPME) was evaluated for use in the quantification of aroma volatile production by Granny Smith apples during cool storage. Particular attention was paid to quantifying alpha-farnesene (3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3(E),6(E),10-tetraene) due to its involvement in superficial scald, a disorder of cool stored apples. Comparison between SPME and solid phase extraction (SPE) showed that the SPME fiber had greater adsorption of high molecular weight (MW) volatiles such as alpha-farnesene. When sampling by SPME, these higher MW volatiles did not equilibrate between apples, headspace, and fiber within sampling times as long as 90 min, while lower MW volatiles equilibrated within 5 min. This behavior was also shown by a simple model system consisting of five selected volatiles dissolved in an involatile, lipophilic liquid (squalane). The less volatile high MW aroma compounds evaporated slowly from the surface of the apples and were depleted from the headspace because of very rapid adsorption by the SPME fiber. The amount of alpha-farnesene adsorbed by the fiber increased with air movement through the system. In a static headspace system, the amount of alpha-farnesene adsorbed by the fiber decreased nonlinearly with increasing distance from the apples, due to adsorption onto the glass walls. While SPME is ideal for rapid, qualitative determination of apple headspace volatiles, the slower equilibration of higher MW volatiles limits its use for quantification in more complex systems. PMID:8946792

  6. Specific heat of apple at different moisture contents and temperatures

    E-print Network

    Viacheslav Mykhailyk; Nikolai Lebovka

    2013-05-11

    This work discusses results of experimental investigations of the specific heat, $C$, of apple in a wide interval of moisture contents ($W=0-0.9$) and temperatures ($T = 283-363$ K). The obtained data reveal the important role of the bound water in determination of $C(W,T)$ behaviour. The additive model for description of $C(W)$ dependence in the moisture range of $0.1apple was considered as a mixture of water and hydrated apple material (water plasticised apple) with specific heat $C_h$. The difference between $C_h$ and specific heat of dry apple, $\\Delta Cb=C_h-C_d$, was proposed as a measure of the excess contribution of bound water to the specific heat. The estimated amounts of bound water $W_b$ were comparable with the monolayer moisture content in apple. The analytical equation was proposed for approximation of $C(W,T)$ dependencies in the studied intervals of moisture content and temperature.

  7. Modeling Apple Surface Temperature Dynamics Based on Weather Data

    PubMed Central

    Li, Lei; Peters, Troy; Zhang, Qin; Zhang, Jingjin; Huang, Danfeng

    2014-01-01

    The exposure of fruit surfaces to direct sunlight during the summer months can result in sunburn damage. Losses due to sunburn damage are a major economic problem when marketing fresh apples. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a model for simulating fruit surface temperature (FST) dynamics based on energy balance and measured weather data. A series of weather data (air temperature, humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed) was recorded for seven hours between 11:00–18:00 for two months at fifteen minute intervals. To validate the model, the FSTs of “Fuji” apples were monitored using an infrared camera in a natural orchard environment. The FST dynamics were measured using a series of thermal images. For the apples that were completely exposed to the sun, the RMSE of the model for estimating FST was less than 2.0 °C. A sensitivity analysis of the emissivity of the apple surface and the conductance of the fruit surface to water vapour showed that accurate estimations of the apple surface emissivity were important for the model. The validation results showed that the model was capable of accurately describing the thermal performances of apples under different solar radiation intensities. Thus, this model could be used to more accurately estimate the FST relative to estimates that only consider the air temperature. In addition, this model provides useful information for sunburn protection management. PMID:25350507

  8. The Wizard of Os Brian Wyvill

    E-print Network

    Wyvill, Brian

    The Wizard of Os by Brian Wyvill A play loosely based on The Wizard of Oz Definitive 1999 Version Original Version October 1990 #12;The Wizard of Os 1999 Version (some casting is tentitive) Dorothy Wyvill Medium Byte A Bytekin Mme Kremer Little Byte Another Bytekin Jennifer Bonham The Wizard A Computer

  9. Neutron capture cross sections of {sup 186}Os, {sup 187}Os, and {sup 189}Os for the Re-Os chronology

    SciTech Connect

    Segawa, M.; Masaki, T.; Nagai, Y.; Temma, Y.; Shima, T.; Mishima, K.; Igashira, M.; Goriely, S.; Koning, A.; Hilaire, S.

    2007-08-15

    Discrete as well as continuum {gamma}-ray energy spectra from the neutron capture by {sup 186}Os, {sup 187}Os, and {sup 189}Os have been taken for the first time at 5{<=}E{sub n}{<=}90 keV by an anti-Compton NaI(Tl) spectrometer. The detection of a weak discrete {gamma}-ray, about 0.5% of total {gamma}-ray strength, demonstrates the high sensitivity of the present measurement. The energy spectra enabled us to accurately determine the reaction cross sections with a small systematic uncertainty. Based on the new cross sections, we reestimate on the basis of a careful reaction cross section calculation the correction factor F{sub {sigma}} for the neutron capture on the 9.75-keV first excited state in {sup 187}Os as a function of stellar temperature, as required to derive the age of the galaxy within the Re-Os chronology.

  10. MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks Using a Genetic Algorithm

    PubMed Central

    Elizarraras, Omar; Panduro, Marco; Méndez, Aldo L.

    2014-01-01

    The problem of obtaining the transmission rate in an ad hoc network consists in adjusting the power of each node to ensure the signal to interference ratio (SIR) and the energy required to transmit from one node to another is obtained at the same time. Therefore, an optimal transmission rate for each node in a medium access control (MAC) protocol based on CSMA-CDMA (carrier sense multiple access-code division multiple access) for ad hoc networks can be obtained using evolutionary optimization. This work proposes a genetic algorithm for the transmission rate election considering a perfect power control, and our proposition achieves improvement of 10% compared with the scheme that handles the handshaking phase to adjust the transmission rate. Furthermore, this paper proposes a genetic algorithm that solves the problem of power combining, interference, data rate, and energy ensuring the signal to interference ratio in an ad hoc network. The result of the proposed genetic algorithm has a better performance (15%) compared to the CSMA-CDMA protocol without optimizing. Therefore, we show by simulation the effectiveness of the proposed protocol in terms of the throughput. PMID:25140339

  11. MAC protocol for ad hoc networks using a genetic algorithm.

    PubMed

    Elizarraras, Omar; Panduro, Marco; Méndez, Aldo L; Reyna, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    The problem of obtaining the transmission rate in an ad hoc network consists in adjusting the power of each node to ensure the signal to interference ratio (SIR) and the energy required to transmit from one node to another is obtained at the same time. Therefore, an optimal transmission rate for each node in a medium access control (MAC) protocol based on CSMA-CDMA (carrier sense multiple access-code division multiple access) for ad hoc networks can be obtained using evolutionary optimization. This work proposes a genetic algorithm for the transmission rate election considering a perfect power control, and our proposition achieves improvement of 10% compared with the scheme that handles the handshaking phase to adjust the transmission rate. Furthermore, this paper proposes a genetic algorithm that solves the problem of power combining, interference, data rate, and energy ensuring the signal to interference ratio in an ad hoc network. The result of the proposed genetic algorithm has a better performance (15%) compared to the CSMA-CDMA protocol without optimizing. Therefore, we show by simulation the effectiveness of the proposed protocol in terms of the throughput. PMID:25140339

  12. MAC to VAX Connectivity: Heartrate Spectral Analysis System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rahman, Hasan H.; Faruque, Monazer

    1993-01-01

    The heart rate Spectral Analysis System (SAS) acquires and analyzes, in real-time, the Space Shuttle onboard electrocardiograph (EKG) experiment signals, calculates the heartrate, and applies a Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) to the heart rate. The system also calculates other statistical parameters such as the 'mean heart rate' over specific time period and heart rate histogram. This SAS is used by NASA Principal Investigators as a research tool to determine the effects of weightlessness on the human cardiovascular system. This is also used to determine if Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP) is an effective countermeasure to the orthostatic intolerance experienced by astronauts upon return to normal gravity. In microgravity, astronauts perform the LBNP experiment in the mid deck of the Space Shuttle. The experiment data are downlinked by the orbiter telemetry system, then processed and analyzed in real-time by the integrated Life Sciences Data Acquisition (LSDS) - Spectral Analysis System. The data system is integrated within the framework of two different computer systems, VAX and Macintosh (Mac), using the networking infrastructure to assist the investigators in further understanding the most complex machine on Earth--the human body.

  13. Florence Jessie MacWilliams (1917-1990) Florence Jessie MacWilliams, one of the first women to publish in coding theory was born

    E-print Network

    Sharma, Shiv K.

    to publish in coding theory was born in 1917 in Stoke-on-Trent, England. Her early college education (one of the co-inventers of the Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquengham (BCH) codes) visited Bell Labs to give time. MacWilliams' thesis contains one of the most important combinatorial results in coding theory

  14. Growth of Listeria monocytogenes within a Caramel-Coated Apple Microenvironment

    PubMed Central

    Golden, Max C.; Wanless, Brandon J.; Bedale, Wendy; Czuprynski, Charles

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT A 2014 multistate listeriosis outbreak was linked to consumption of caramel-coated apples, an unexpected and previously unreported vehicle for Listeria monocytogenes. This outbreak was unanticipated because both the pH of apples (<4.0) and the water activity of the caramel coating (<0.80) are too low to support Listeria growth. In this study, Granny Smith apples were inoculated with approximately 4 log10 CFU of L. monocytogenes (a cocktail of serotype 4b strains associated with the outbreak) on each apple’s skin, stem, and calyx. Half of the apples had sticks inserted into the core, while the remaining apples were left intact. Apples were dipped into hot caramel and stored at either 7°C or 25°C for up to 11 or 28 days, respectively. Data revealed that apples with inserted sticks supported significantly more L. monocytogenes growth than apples without sticks under both storage conditions. Within 3 days at 25°C, L. monocytogenes populations increased >3 log10 in apples with sticks, whereas only a 1-log10 increase was observed even after 1 week for caramel-coated apples without sticks. When stored at 7°C, apples with sticks exhibited an approximately 1.5-log10 increase in L. monocytogenes levels at 28 days, whereas no growth was observed in apples without sticks. We infer that insertion of a stick into the apple accelerates the transfer of juice from the interior of the apple to its surface, creating a microenvironment at the apple-caramel interface where L. monocytogenes can rapidly grow to levels sufficient to cause disease when stored at room temperature. PMID:26463161

  15. 3D surface reconstruction of apples from 2D NIR images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Bin; Jiang, Lu; Cheng, Xuemei; Tao, Yang

    2005-11-01

    Machine vision methods are widely used in apple defect detection and quality grading applications. Currently, 2D near-infrared (NIR) imaging of apples is often used to detect apple defects because the image intensity of defects is different from normal apple parts. However, a drawback of this method is that the apple calyx also exhibits similar image intensity to the apple defects. Since an apple calyx often appears in the NIR image, the false alarm rate is high with the 2D NIR imaging method. In this paper, a 2D NIR imaging method is extended to a 3D reconstruction so that the apple calyx can be differentiated from apple defects according to their different 3D depth information. The Lambertian model is used to evaluate the reflectance map of the apple surface, and then Pentland's Shape-From-Shading (SFS) method is applied to reconstruct the 3D surface information of the apple based on Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). Pentland's method is directly derived from human perception properties, making it close to the way human eyes recover 3D information from a 2D scene. In addition, the FFT reduces the computation time significantly. The reconstructed 3D apple surface maps are shown in the results, and different depths of apple calyx and defects are obtained correctly.

  16. Detection of constitutive heterodimerization of the integrin Mac-1 subunits by fluorescence resonance energy transfer in living cells

    SciTech Connect

    Fu Guo; Yang Huayan; Wang Chen; Zhang Feng; You Zhendong; Wang Guiying; He Cheng; Chen Yizhang . E-mail: yzchen0928@yahoo.com; Xu Zhihan . E-mail: zzxu@mail.shcnc.ac.cn

    2006-08-04

    Macrophage differentiation antigen associated with complement three receptor function (Mac-1) belongs to {beta}{sub 2} subfamily of integrins that mediate important cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Biochemical studies have indicated that Mac-1 is a constitutive heterodimer in vitro. Here, we detected the heterodimerization of Mac-1 subunits in living cells by means of two fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) techniques (fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy) and our results demonstrated that there is constitutive heterodimerization of the Mac-1 subunits and this constitutive heterodimerization of the Mac-1 subunits is cell-type independent. Through FRET imaging, we found that heterodimers of Mac-1 mainly localized in plasma membrane, perinuclear, and Golgi area in living cells. Furthermore, through analysis of the estimated physical distances between cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) and yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) fused to Mac-1 subunits, we suggested that the conformation of Mac-1 subunits is not affected by the fusion of CFP or YFP and inferred that Mac-1 subunits take different conformation when expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293T cells, respectively.

  17. The effects of freezing and thawing on the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, S A; Harris, L J

    2001-07-20

    Unpasteurized apple juice, adjusted to pH 3.6 to 7.0 was inoculated (10(7) CFU/ml) with single strains of E. coli O157:H7 to evaluate the effect of frozen storage on the viability of this organism. Samples were stored under frozen conditions (-20+/-2 degrees C) for up to 16 days. Cell populations were determined at regular intervals by plating onto tryptic soy agar with added pyruvate (TSAP) or onto sorbitol MacConkey agar (SMA). Populations in the neutralized juice remained unchanged during frozen storage. Populations in non-neutralized juice decreased by 1-3 log10 CFU/ml depending on the strain tested and the pH of the juice. The greatest population decrease was observed with the first freeze/thaw cycle of frozen storage (24 h) and a slow decline in survival occurred thereafter. Injury was observed after 2 weeks of storage when juice pH was at or below pH 4.2. When samples were subjected to multiple freeze/thaw cycles, loss of viability and injury increased with each freeze/thaw cycle. PMID:11482573

  18. Measurements of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect in MACS J0647.7+7015 and MACS J1206.2-0847 at High Angular Resolution with MUSTANG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, Alexander H.; Mroczkowski, Tony; Romero, Charles; Sayers, Jack; Balestra, Italo; Clarke, Tracy E.; Czakon, Nicole; Devlin, Mark; Dicker, Simon R.; Ferrari, Chiara; Girardi, Marisa; Golwala, Sunil; Intema, Huib; Korngut, Phillip M.; Mason, Brian S.; Mercurio, Amata; Nonino, Mario; Reese, Erik D.; Rosati, Piero; Sarazin, Craig; Umetsu, Keiichi

    2015-08-01

    We present high resolution (9?) imaging of the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich Effect (SZE) toward two massive galaxy clusters, MACS J0647.7+7015 (z = 0.591) and MACS J1206.2-0847 (z = 0.439). We compare these 90 GHz measurements, taken with the Multiplexed Squid/TES Array at Ninety Gigahertz (MUSTANG ) receiver on the Green Bank Telescope, with generalized Navarro-Frenk-White (gNFW) models derived from Bolocam 140 GHz SZE data as well as maps of the thermal gas derived from Chandra X-ray observations. We adopt a serial-fitting approach, in which gNFW models are first fit to the Bolocam data and then compared to the MUSTANG data to determine an overall best-fit model. For MACS J0647.7+7015, we find a gNFW profile with core slope parameter ? = 0.9 fits the MUSTANG image with {? }{red}2=1.005 and probability to exceed (PTE) = 0.34. For MACS J1206.2-0847, we find ? =0.7, {? }{red}2=0.993, and PTE = 0.70. In addition, we find a significant (>3?) residual SZE feature in MACS J1206.2-0847 coincident with a group of galaxies identified in Very Large Telescope data and filamentary structure found in a weak-lensing mass reconstruction. We suggest the detected sub-structure may be the SZE decrement from a low mass foreground group or an infalling group. Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope measurements at 610 MHz reveal diffuse extended radio emission to the west, which we posit is either an active galactic nucleus-driven radio lobe, a bubble expanding away from disturbed gas associated with the SZE signal, or a bubble detached and perhaps re-accelerated by sloshing within the cluster. Using the spectroscopic redshifts available, we find evidence for a foreground (z = 0.423) or infalling group, coincident with the residual SZE feature.

  19. Neutron capture and inelastic scattering cross sections for {sup 186}Os, {sup 187}Os, and {sup 189}Os and the Re-Os chronology

    SciTech Connect

    Segawa, M.; Nagai, Y.; Masaki, T.; Temma, Y.; Shima, T.; Mishima, K.; Igashira, M.; Goriely, S.; Koning, A.; Hilaire, S.

    2008-05-21

    We measured the neutron capture cross sections of {sup 186,187,189}Os taking for the first time their pulse height spectra for neutrons between 5 and 90 keV by means of an anti-Compton NaI(Tl) spectrometer. The neutron inelastic scattering cross section for {sup 187}Os as well as the neutron elastic scattering cross sections for {sup 186,187}Os were also observed with use of {sup 6}Li-glass scintillation detectors with a small systematic uncertainty.

  20. ImagePAD, a Novel Counting Application for the Apple iPad®, Used to Quantify Axons in the Mouse Optic Nerve

    PubMed Central

    Templeton, Justin P.; Struebing, Felix L.; Lemmon, Andrew; Geisert, Eldon E.

    2014-01-01

    The present article introduces a new and easy to use counting application for the Apple iPad. The application “ImagePAD” takes advantage of the advanced user interface features offered by the Apple iOS® platform, simplifying the rather tedious task of quantifying features in anatomical studies. For example, the image under analysis can be easily panned and zoomed using iOS-supported multi-touch gestures without losing the spatial context of the counting task, which is extremely important for ensuring count accuracy. This application allows one to quantify up to 5 different types of objects in a single field and output the data in a tab-delimited format for subsequent analysis. We describe two examples of the use of the application: quantifying axons in the optic nerve of the C57BL/6J mouse and determining the percentage of cells labeled with NeuN or ChAT in the retinal ganglion cell layer. For the optic nerve, contiguous images at 60× magnification were taken and transferred onto an Apple iPad®. Axons were counted by tapping on the touch-sensitive screen using ImagePAD. Nine optic nerves were sampled and the number of axons in the nerves ranged from 38872 axons to 50196 axons with an average of 44846 axons per nerve (SD = 3980 axons). PMID:25281829