These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Apple: Mac OS X Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 16th, 1999, Apple computer made two announcements that indicate radical changes in the direction of its OS. One of these announcements was the release of Mac OS X Server, billed as "the first modern operating system" ever shipped by Apple. Based on BSD Unix and the Mach kernel, it includes standard Unix features such as protected memory, pre-emptive multitasking, and full process management, as well as NetBoot a new type of client-server architecture.

2

Istruzioni per l'uso del servizio VPN su sistemi Apple Mac OS X  

E-print Network

Istruzioni per l'uso del servizio VPN su sistemi Apple Mac OS X Ver. 1.1 1 Informazioni preliminari `e Una VPN ­ Virtual Private Network ­ `e una connessione protetta e virtuale che rende accessibili i ateneo. Il servizio di VPN del CITICoRD permette agli utenti connessi a internet da qualsiasi luogo e per

Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

3

Macronized Vowels on a Mac (OS X 10.6 & 10.7) In order to type macrons using an Apple Macintosh you must make some  

E-print Network

1 Macronized Vowels on a Mac (OS X 10.6 & 10.7) In order to type macrons using an Apple Macintosh. Choose System Preferences from the Apple Menu. 2. From the System Preferences Window click on Language

Keegan, Te Taka

4

ZCS Network Edition 6.0 January 2010 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.5 +)  

E-print Network

ZCS Network Edition 6.0 January 2010 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.5 +) Use the Zimbra Connector for Apple® iSync with Mac running 10.5 or later to sync your Apple Address Book to your Connector for Apple iSync to sync your Calendar and your Contacts. See the Zimbra Connector for Apple i

5

ZCS Network Edition 6.0 December 2009 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.4.x)  

E-print Network

ZCS Network Edition 6.0 December 2009 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.4.x) When the Zimbra Connector for Apple® iSync is installed, you can use Apple Address Book, iCal, and Microsoft on OS X 10.5 or later is handled with CalDAV. See Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Max OS 10

6

Mac OS X public beta  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mac OS X (read OS ten) is Apple's next-generation operating system and represents the largest overhaul of the Mac OS to date. Mac OS X promises to bring key technical features such as protected memory (which prevents an individual application from crashing the entire system) to the Macintosh platform for the first time. In addition to completely replacing the underpinnings of the Mac OS, Apple is also working on overhauling the user interface for OS X. The new interface, known as "Aqua," sports a translucent candy-colored look and adds a new feature called "the dock" to the bottom of the screen. According to Apple, Mac OS X beta is supported by any Macintosh that shipped with a G3 or G4 processor except for the original PowerBook G3; Apple recommends 128 MB RAM. To run older applications in the "classic" environment also requires a copy of Mac OS 9; the CD doesn't include one.

7

Mac OS X: Upgrading Java to Version 7  

E-print Network

of java for your Mac. Once downloaded close all web browsers (Safari, Firefox, Chrome, etc.) and installMac OS X: Upgrading Java to Version 7 Apple Inc. has released a Java Update for Mac OS X 10.7 and 10.8. This update (Java for OS X 2012-006) removes/uninstalls java from your Mac. You

Thaxton, Christopher S.

8

Mac OS X 10.1 Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Apple released an update to its Mac OS X operating system. The update brought marked performance enhancements and several new features, such as data CD and DVD burning as well as DVD playback; Audio CD burning was added in an earlier update.

2001-01-01

9

Mac06: The POSIX compatible OS for MacOS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mac06 (pronounced "Mac oh six") is a POSIX-compatible environment (library and a system kernel) for the MacOS. Its features include a UNIX-like file system using HFS with full Finder integration; POSIX libc.a and #include headers; a curses library; a POSIX shell; many basic UNIX commands, such as cd, cat, find, fgrep, etc.; a software development environment; and sockets for TCP/IP. Mac06 is a useful environment for learning UNIX as it runs as an application on top of the MacOS, allowing the user to switch between UNIX and the MacOS without rebooting. Currently at version 0.99, Mac06 will become a shareware application costing 20 dollars at its 1.0 release.

10

Mac OS X : Tiger edition the missing manual  

E-print Network

You can set your watch to it: As soon as Apple comes out with another version of Mac OS X, David Pogue hits the streets with another meticulous Missing Manual to cover it with a wealth of detail. The new Mac OS X 10.4, better known as Tiger, is faster than its predecessors, but nothing's too fast for Pogue and Mac OS X: The Missing Manual. There are many reasons why this is the most popular computer book of all time. With its hallmark objectivity, the Tiger Edition thoroughly explores the latest features to grace the Mac OS. Which ones work well and which do not? What should you look for? Th

Pogue, David

2005-01-01

11

Mac OS Runtime for Java (MRJ) 2.1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earlier this week, Apple released a major upgrade to the Mac OS Runtime for Java engine, bringing it into compliance with version 1.1.6 of Sun's Java Development Kit (JDK). Incorporation of Symatec Corporation's Just In Time (JIT) compiler for Java, as well as improvements in the handling of graphics, imaging, threading, and networking increase the speed of MRJ 2.1 by up to 500% over previous versions. This release makes Java on the Mac compatible with most current Java technologies, including JavaBeans, the JAR File Format, Java Database Connectivity, Java Native Interface, and a host of others. Additionally, support for AppleScript, QuickTime, and Swing are included. Users of Internet Explorer stand to benefit the most from this release, as Explorer allows the user to choose which Java Virtual Machine they would like to use.

12

The standard computer models for 2014 are the Dell 9020 desktop, Dell e6440 laptop, Apple 21.5" iMac desktop and Apple 13" Mac Book Pro laptop or Apple 13" Mac Book Pro with Retina  

E-print Network

The standard computer models for 2014 are the Dell 9020 desktop, Dell e6440 laptop, Apple 21.5" iMac desktop and Apple 13" Mac Book Pro laptop or Apple 13" Mac Book Pro with Retina Display (see important distinctions below). Keep in mind that Dell and Apple are continuously modifying their lines, so although

Aalberts, Daniel P.

13

How to Install a SDK for SECONDO on Mac OS X Database Systems for New Applications  

E-print Network

.4 Tiger Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard In order to compile SECONDO'S source code you from the Apple Web Sites. The version tested is Xcode 2.5 for Tiger, Xcode 3.0 for Leopard, Xcode 3.2 for Snow Leopard. 2. Install PROLOG: Copy (and unpack, if necessary) the SDK_OSX into your home directory

Gting, Ralf Hartmut

14

Mac OS X panther imaging do's and don'ts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In fall of 2003, our department decided to deploy OS X on our 100 or so Apple lab computers. Apple provided a free training session on its OS X Server Network Image Utility, and we jumped at the opportunity. A month of testing left us frustrated with the Network Image Utility and the NetInstall procedure; they simply did not work

Chris Wiesemann

2004-01-01

15

Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac OS X  

E-print Network

Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac OS X User Guide D14733.03 April 2011 Software version 4.2.0.10318 #12;Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac User Guide (4.2) Page 2 of 20 Contents Getting started 4 SigningPresence Movi for Mac User Guide (4.2) Page 3 of 20 Signing out 13 Exiting Movi 13 Switching and joining calls

Derisi, Joseph

16

Cisco JABBER sign in CiscoJABBERQuickReferenceApple/Mac  

E-print Network

Cisco JABBER sign in CiscoJABBERQuickReference­Apple/Mac UCSF Cisco JABBER Video Conferencing for Macintosh Cisco JABBER allows you to make and receive video calls from your laptop or desktop to other UCSF users. (Cisco Movi was rebranded to Cisco JABBER and users who already have a Movi account would need

Derisi, Joseph

17

Connecting to Poly-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 1 of 5  

E-print Network

Connecting to Poly-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 1 of 5 Connecting to Poly-WiFi (on Apple to Poly-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 2 of 5 2) Before you can access the Network setting screen-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 3 of 5 4) From the network name dropdown, select "Poly-WiFi". 5

Aronov, Boris

18

MacOS 8.5 Application Switcher Settings: AppSwitcher Control  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With MacOS 8.5, Apple introduced a number of user interface enhancements. One new feature is the ability to "tear-off" the Application menu and display it in its own small, floating window (called the Application Switcher). Users can modify the Application Switcher's appearance via AppleScript, but for those of you wary of writing scripts, freeware authors have written small applications that allow you to perform the customization through a user-friendly interface. These applications allow you to customize both the appearance of the Application Switcher (e.g., window border, orientation, sort order) and the keystrokes for switching between applications.

19

Einrichtung VPN Cisco AnyConnect MacOS X  

E-print Network

Einrichtung VPN Cisco AnyConnect ­ MacOS X #12;Cisco AnyConnect unter MacOS X09.12.2009 vpn-support@rrze.uni-erlangen.de 2 Cisco AnyConnect Voraussetzungen zur Nutzung von Cisco Anyconnect Um eine VPN-Verbindung aufbauen.12.2009 vpn-support@rrze.uni-erlangen.de 3 Installation Cisco AnyConnect Browseradresse eingeben: ,,https

Fiebig, Peter

20

Integrated, Kerberized Login on MacOS X  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Context for this information. MacOS X login process and available hooks. Authorization Services configuration. Authorization Services plug-in s. Kerberos plug-in s. Other bugs and recommendations. Authorization Services Called by loginwindow, screen saver and fast user switching. It calls Directory Services, Login Hook, and Login Items (System Preferences).

Hotz, Henry B.

2006-01-01

21

How to Connect from Home with Mac OS X  

E-print Network

). With this set-up you can work just as if you are sitting at an SPC terminal and keep all your files together't already install it from your OS X install disc). You can download it from Apple here: http "ssh ­X @server>.berkeley.edu" where you should replace with your class

California at Irvine, University of

22

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad visual Mac OS X Snow Leopard  

E-print Network

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad visual Mac OS X Snow Leopard ASIC 18 de noviembre de LEOPARD Al igual que otros sistemas operativos, MAC OS X Snow Leopard ofrece algunas ayudas para que las debilidad visual Mac OS X Snow Leopard ASIC 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pg. 2 de 25 1. Recomendaciones

Fernndez de Crdoba, Pedro

23

Installing and Using VMWare View Client for Macs This document describes how to get up and running with View if you use an Apple Mac.  

E-print Network

View on an Apple Mac. Please ensure that your device is connected to a Wifi network on the web-site to download the installation package for the Mac to your Mac. 2 Go to your Downloads folder the installed application and drag a shortcut to the main landing bar. Using View on a Mac 1 From your

Paxton, Anthony T.

24

CONNNECT TO WiFi USING PROXY SETTINGS (MAC) This guide explains how to set up a modern Apple Mac (running OSX 10.3 or higher) to connect to the internet,  

E-print Network

CONNNECT TO WiFi USING PROXY SETTINGS (MAC) This guide explains how to set up a modern Apple Mac Apple on the left of the menu bar. 2. Click on `System Preferences'. 3. Click on `Network'. 4. A window

Mottram, Nigel

25

Wireless LAN Konfiguration von FAU-VPN unter MacOS X  

E-print Network

Wireless LAN Konfiguration von FAU-VPN unter MacOS X mit Tunnelblick OpenVPN #12;04.10.2010 wlan-support@rrze.uni-erlangen.de vpn-support@rrze.uni-erlangen.de FAU-VPN unter MacOS X 2 Testumgebung Notebook MacBook Pro WLAN.9.01.0180-universal-k9 #12;04.10.2010 wlan-support@rrze.uni-erlangen.de vpn-support@rrze.uni-erlangen.de FAU-VPN unter

Fiebig, Peter

26

Mac OS X Lion allows you to manage your computing environment with the world's most  

E-print Network

Mac OS X Lion allows you to manage your computing environment with the world's most advanced, staff and students to Mac OS X Lion -- and demonstrate how the world's most advanced desktop operating system has advanced even further. Lion challenges"standard operating procedures"by introducing new

Childers, Bruce

27

Install VPN client on Mac OS Download Tunnelblick beta release from  

E-print Network

Install VPN client on Mac OS Step1: Download Tunnelblick beta release from https://code.google;Step4: When asked configuration file, click "I have configuration file" Step5: Download the UTSC OpenVPN configuration install successfully. #12;Connect to the VPN server on Mac OS Step1: Tunnelblick has placed

Boonstra, Rudy

28

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad auditiva Mac OS X Snow Leopard  

E-print Network

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad auditiva Mac OS X Snow Leopard ASIC 18 de noviembre de LEOPARD MAC OS X Snow Leopard ofrece algunas ayudas para personas sordas o con problemas para escuchar Snow Leopard ASIC 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pg. 2 de 14 1. Recomendaciones previas frente al uso del

Fernndez de Crdoba, Pedro

29

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad motriz Mac Os X Snow Leopard  

E-print Network

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad motriz Mac Os X Snow Leopard ASIC 18 de noviembre de LEOPARD Si usted tiene problemas para utilizar el teclado, el ratn o el trackpad de su porttil, puede para personas con debilidad motriz Mac Os X Snow Leopard ASIC 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pg. 2 de 9

Fernndez de Crdoba, Pedro

30

The Macolumn - the Mac gets geophysical. [A review of geophysical software for the Apple Macintosh computer  

SciTech Connect

Seismic Processing Workshop, a program by Parallel Geosciences of Austin, TX, is discussed in this column. The program is a high-speed, interactive seismic processing and computer analysis system for the Apple Macintosh II family of computers. Also reviewed in this column are three products from Wilkerson Associates of Champaign, IL. SubSide is an interactive program for basin subsidence analysis; MacFault and MacThrustRamp are programs for modeling faults.

Busbey, A.B. (Texas Christian Univ., Fort Worth (USA))

1990-02-01

31

Installation of Secondo on Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion) Thomas Behr  

E-print Network

Installation of Secondo on Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion) Thomas Behr 2011-12-16 This document describes how you can install the Secondo extensible DBMS on Mac OSX 10.7 (Lion). As a first step, you have://dna.fernuni-hagen.de/secondo/files/sdk/SDK MAC OSX LION.zip Run Finder and navigate to the directory containing the downloaded file. Unpack

Gting, Ralf Hartmut

32

Yahoo! Messenger for MacOS: Beta Version  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yahoo has released a Mac Beta version of its popular chat client. While short on pizazz, the Messenger still has all the basic features: a friends list, invisible mode, and an ignore list. It also offers quick and simple access to the Yahoo member directory.

33

Reliable Acquisition of RAM Dumps from Intel-Based Apple Mac Computers over FireWire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RAM content acquisition is an important step in live forensic analysis of computer systems. FireWire offers an attractive way to acquire RAM content of Apple Mac computers equipped with a FireWire connection. However, the existing techniques for doing so require substantial knowledge of the target computer configuration and cannot be used reliably on a previously unknown computer in a crime scene. This paper proposes a novel method for acquiring RAM content of Apple Mac computers over FireWire, which automatically discovers necessary information about the target computer and can be used in the crime scene setting. As an application of the developed method, the techniques for recovery of AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) conversation fragments from RAM dumps are also discussed in this paper.

Gladyshev, Pavel; Almansoori, Afrah

34

The Macolumn - the Mac gets geophysical. [A review of geophysical software for the Apple Macintosh computer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seismic Processing Workshop, a program by Parallel Geosciences of Austin, TX, is discussed in this column. The program is a high-speed, interactive seismic processing and computer analysis system for the Apple Macintosh II family of computers. Also reviewed in this column are three products from Wilkerson Associates of Champaign, IL. SubSide is an interactive program for basin subsidence analysis; MacFault

Busbey

1990-01-01

35

AgeFinder: A Mac OS X computer program to evaluate electron microprobe data of monazite for chemical age dating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computer program is presented that can be used to obtain ages of geological significance from compositional data of monazite. The program calculates dates and their errors from U, Th and Pb concentration data obtained with the electron microprobe. The results can be displayed in isochron and gauss curve diagrams. Subsets of the data can be selected and interactively evaluated with a user friendly graphical interface. For each selected data set a cumulative date, an isochron date, their errors and the mean squared weighted deviates (MSWD) are calculated and a chi-square test is performed. The diagrams can be saved to pdf and all calculated data can be exported to a text file or saved in native format. The software runs on any Apple Macintosh with Mac OS X Tiger or later versions.

Appel, Peter

2010-04-01

36

Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7/23/2007 2:06 PM  

E-print Network

Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7 the PMU on a Mac mini and it still isn't displaying video or turning on, contact Apple technical support (1-800-APL-CARE in the U.S.) or take your computer to your local Apple Retail Store or Apple

California at Santa Barbara, University of

37

ITK Image IO Interface with Apple iOS Release 1.00  

E-print Network

) interface with the repos- itory of images stored on iOS Apple devices, such as the iPod touch, iPhone, or i: "Hello iOS Images" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Medical Grayscale Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Medical Color Image

Hamarneh, Ghassan

38

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions, please  

E-print Network

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10, select System Preferences. Navigate to Print & Fax 3. Click the plus (+) to add a printer 4. The Add: Another Device · Print Using: Generic PostScript Printer 11.The parameters for the Name and URL fields

de Lijser, Peter

39

Hjlp att anvnda OS X 10.8, frfattat av Peter.Moller@cs.lth.se, Institutionen fr Datavetenskap, Lunds universitet, 2012-08-30 Mac OS X 10.8 "Mountain Lion" slpps ett r efter 10.7 "Lion". Man har polerat en del buggar och saker  

E-print Network

, Lunds universitet, 2012-08-30 Mac OS X 10.8 "Mountain Lion" slpps ett r efter 10.7 "Lion". Man har polerat en del buggar och saker som inte fungerade s bra i Lion samt lagt till en del nytt. Hr r de viktigaste skillnaderna mot 10.7. Vilka kan kan kra 10.8? I Lion kapade Apple stdet fr PowerPC-datorer och

40

The Future of the Mac and the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reporting from the Macworld conference Pete DeVries, Internet Tools Specialist for the Internet Scout Project, describes the challenges facing Apple and the successes it has already had. This is an excellent overview of how Mac OS 7 compares to Windows and Linux operating systems.

DeVries, Pete.

1997-01-01

41

How to change your password on your campus Mac The only approved method of changing passwords on a campus Mac (OS X  

E-print Network

How to change your password on your campus Mac The only approved method of changing passwords the Change Password button #12;6. Type in your current password in the old password box and press the tab key box and press the tab key 9. Click the Change Password button If everything has been done correctly

de Lijser, Peter

42

Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide  

E-print Network

Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide September 4, 2007 #12; Apple Inc. 2007 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. Apple, the Apple logo, iPod, iTunes, Mac, and QuickTime are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Apple TV, iPhone, and Safari are trademarks of Apple Inc. iTunes

Bieber, Michael

43

EU Verbraucherrechte Apple One-Year Limited  

E-print Network

EU Verbraucherrechte Apple One-Year Limited Warranty AppleCare Protection Plan CC Service Pack, Kabel. Zustzlich bei allen Macs: 1x Time Capsule oder 1x Airport Gert sowie 1x Apple Display Macs u sowie 1x Apple Display Material- u. Herstellungsfehler. Keine Leistung fr Verschleiteile wie Akku

Fiebig, Peter

44

Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide  

E-print Network

Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide December 11, 2006 #12; Apple Computer, Inc. 2006 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. Apple, the Apple logo, iPod, iTunes, and Mac are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Safari is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. iTunes

Li, Teng

45

Action GoMac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Action GoMac, the anchor and most useful of the four new Action Utilities (Action Menus, Action GoMac, Action WYSIWYG, and Action Files), offers a start menu, task bar, and clock tray quite similar to those in Windows. However, GoMac allows customization and integration with a variety of Mac OS features. In addition to featuring drag-and-drop functionality for adding items to the start menu, GoMac allows the placement of control strip modules in the clock tray area. GoMac also features "command-tab" application switching much like Windows. Users can download a 30-day demo of GoMac and the other Action Utilities. The full version is $39.95 on CD-ROM or $29.95 for the Web version. Requirements: Mac OS System 7.6 or later.

46

Find My iPhone, iPad, and Mac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Installing this free app on your iPhone, iPad, or Mac could save you a lot of trouble. In addition to finding a lost device on a map, Find My iPhone allows you to sign in with the Apple ID you use for iCloud and remotely lock it, play a sound, display a message, or erase all your data. This helpful tool requires iOS 7.0 or later.

2014-09-25

47

Analog: Fast, Professional, Freeware WWW Logfile Analysis for Unix, PCs, NT, Mac, VMS and RiscOS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Analog, provided by Stephen R. E. Turner of the Statistical Laboratory at Cambridge University, is a free server log analysis tool for UNIX, PC, NT, Mac, VMS and RISC-based operating systems. This program runs using a script that can be edited to serve specific needs. There are over 180 options to produce 17 different reports in several languages. Analog is capable of analyzing certain days or hosts, the number of requests for pages only (without counting separate hits for images), hits by the hour, day, week, or month, and user information such as domains, browsers, referrers, and more. The HTML report output is graphical and interactive. The only downfall is that the HTML output design cannot be customized; for example, the default background color cannot be changed nor can tables be added. Analog is an efficient, easily installed tool, and well worth trying.

Turner, Stephen.

1997-01-01

48

Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals  

E-print Network

1 Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC the profitability of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets that helps achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research

49

Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals  

E-print Network

Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC) announces of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets and new achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research

50

X-MAC: a short preamble MAC protocol for duty-cycled wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present X-MAC, a low power MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Standard MAC protocols developed for duty-cycled WSNs such as B- MAC, which is the default MAC protocol for TinyOS, em- ploy an extended preamble and preamble sampling. While this \\

Michael Buettner; Gary V. Yee; Eric Anderson; Richard Han

2006-01-01

51

Intel-based iMac, Intel-based Mac mini: How to reset the System Mana... http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=303446 1 of 1 7/23/2007 2:16 PM  

E-print Network

it. The SMC controls several functions, including: Telling the computer when to turn on, turn off://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=303446 1 of 1 7/23/2007 2:16 PM Visit the Apple Store online (1-800-MY-APPLE), visit a retail location, choose Shut Down (or if the computer is not responding, hold the power button until it turns off). 1

California at Santa Barbara, University of

52

AppleCare Service & Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Apple Computer offers an Apple Support Area and the Tech Info Library. The support area provides current product information, software updates, the Top 20 Tech Info library articles, information about the Quicktime lawsuit, opendoc, and more. The Tech Info Library contains hundreds of documentation sheets on Apple hardware and software from the Apple II through Lisa to the Mac, including peripherals, and white papers and a third-party company directory. For searching instructions look under "About the Tech Info Library."

53

Mac Goes Retail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday, Apple Computer unveiled its plans to construct 25 retail stores across the US this year in an effort to increase its share of personal computer users, which currently stands at about five percent. The first two stores opened May 15 in McLean, Virginia (also home of the CIA) and in the Los Angeles area. Apple hopes that the stores will build brand awareness, demonstrate to consumers the range of accessories and software available for Mac, and serve as a corrective to the marginalization of Macs in many retail stores. While the announcement has been met with guarded praise by some analysts, others have expressed serious doubts, especially given the recent drop in PC sales and Gateway's decision to close 40 percent of its retail stores.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

54

The Mac: A CNet Topic Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the introduction of the powerful G3 line, the warm reception of the innovative iMac, and two new OS's on the way, some computer industry analysts believe that the Mac may indeed be back. In response to the new found interest in the Mac CNet.com has introduced a new special topic center. Mac veterans, new users, or those considering trading in their PCs will find numerous items of interest at the site. Features include Mac News, resources and information on OS 8.5 and OS X, reviews of the iMac and several G3 machines, useful downloads, and price checks. Users will also find links to a variety of other Mac resources and Mac fan sites.

55

Revised: 4.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 1 of 4 You can download the mobile app for Blackboard Collaborate in the App Store on your Apple  

E-print Network

Revised: 4.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 1 of 4 You can download the mobile app. Click Blackboard, or open the Blackboard Mobile Learn app and log in. ` 9. Log in to Blackboard for Blackboard Collaborate in the App Store on your Apple device. 1.Search for Blackboard Collaborate

Qiu, Weigang

56

When worlds collide - Mac to MS-DOS. [Data transfer to and from Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based personal computers  

SciTech Connect

A number of methods and products, both hardware and software, to allow data exchange between Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based systems. These included serial null modem connections, MS-DOS hardware and/or software emulation, MS-DOS disk-reading hardware and networking.

Busbey, A.B.

1989-04-01

57

ACTION GoMac 2.1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Action GoMac (last mentioned in the January 21, 2000 Scout Report) is a handy utility for Mac users craving some of the Windows interface. GoMac adds a Windows-style taskbar to your screen, complete with a customizable start menu and, in this latest version, a QuickLaunch area. Version 2.1 includes support for MS Office 2001, compatibility with Apple DVD Player and iMovie, the ability to show an original file directly from any active application, and more improvements. The demo is free for 30 days, after which time, ACTION GoMac can be purchased for $29.95.

2001-01-01

58

Apple Safari  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest iteration of the Safari browser takes several bold steps by offering a streamlined approach to RSS feeds, along with offering new ways to look at paginated stories and galleries. Also, Safari now comes with local searches enabled from the location bar, so queries will be linked to users' history and bookmarks. This version is compatible with computers running Windows XP and newer or Mac OS X 10.5 and newer.

59

> currentdir("/Users/grad/Desktop/GT"); /Applications/Maple 9.5/Maple 9.5.app/Contents/MacOS/bin.APPLE_PPC_OSX  

E-print Network

> currentdir("/Users/grad/Desktop/GT"); /Applications/Maple 9.5/Maple 9.5.app@math.ucsd.edu # # Last updated: November 9, 2007 # # This software computes many of the formulas in the paper ############################################################################ # Sample values to use to demonstrate the software

Tesler, Glenn

60

Wireless connection instructions -Mac This document outlines the procedure for setting up Apple OS X to use the College wireless network. It assumes that you  

E-print Network

and password in the log-in boxes, or Click on the link labelled Click here to log in using Raven On the Raven Authentication Service page, type in your user id and your Raven password to confirm your identity A page titled

Goldschmidt, Christina

61

Dartmouth College Technical Support Document for Kronos Mac version  

E-print Network

instructions below Firefox 4.x - minimum Apple Safari 5.x on OS X 10.6 Apple Safari 5.x on OS X 10.7 Apple Safari 6.x on OS X 10.7 Apple Safari 6.x on OS X 10.8 Operating Systems: Windows 7 (32 & 64 bit) when.7 minimum that is supported, may still work on 10.6 Other Software: Adobe Flash Player 11.1 Java 6

62

Apple QuickTime Broadcaster 1.5  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this latest application from Apple, users can effectively produce professional-quality live events for online delivery around the world. The combination of the various QuickTime technologies and application makes a wide range of activities possible, including transmitting business meetings or lectures to a host of different online users. The user-friendly interface provides a basic overview that makes utilizing the application quite easy. This application is compatible with Mac OS X/Server 10.3.9 and QuickTime 7.0.

63

Apple Price List unh computer store  

E-print Network

for home) Upgrade: 4GB memory to 8GB memory & 128GB storage to 256GB storage $200.00 Apple USB SuperDrive $79.00 Canon Printer with cables & paper $64.95 (Canon MG2220 All-in-One, USB cable, 500 sheets--and powerful enough to do everything once you get there. Key Features MacBook Air AppleCare for MacBook Air

64

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: These instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions please see the Student Genius Corner.  

E-print Network

Genius Corner. Wireless printing is currently not available on OS X Lion 1 Information Technology.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions please see the Student Genius Corner.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions please see the Student Genius Corner

de Lijser, Peter

65

Analog for the Mac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In addition to providing any number of web servicing capabilities, web servers are excellent at generating huge log files containing the details of their every activity. Analyzing these logs by hand is not practical. Fortunately, Stephen Turner has written Analog, a fast, freely-available, configurable tool for automatically analyzing log files. Jason T. Linhart, author of the shareware log analysis tool, Summary, has ported Analog to the MacOS.

66

MacDICT 2.8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handy little application gives users the ability to quickly connect with eleven databases while online, including _Webster's Dictionary_ and the _World FactBook_. Additionally, MacDICT 2.8 provides access to translation services on the Web for over ten languages. The application also allows for access to Wikipedia, the multilingual, open content, Web-based encyclopedia. This version of MacDICt is compatible with all systems running Mac OS X and higher.

67

Work with Apple's Rhapsody Operating System which Allows Simultaneous UNIX Program Development, UNIX Program Execution, and PC Application Execution  

E-print Network

Over the past decade, UNIX workstations have provided a very powerful program development environment. However, workstations are more expensive than PCs and Macintoshes and require a system manager for day-to-day tasks such as disk backup, adding users, and setting up print queues. Native commercial software for system maintenance and "PC applications" has been lacking under UNIX. Apple's new Rhapsody operating system puts the current MacOS on a NeXT UNIX foundation and adds an enhanced NeXTSTEP object oriented development environment called Yellow Box. Rhapsody simultaneously runs UNIX and commercial Macintosh applications such as word processing or spreadsheets. Thus a UNIX detector Monte Carlo can run for days in the background at the same time as a commercial word processing program. And commercial programs such as Dantz Retrospect are being made available to make disk backup easy under Rhapsody. Apple has announced that in 1999 they intend to be running Rhapsody, or MacOS X as it will be called in the commercial release, on all their newer computers. MacOS X may be of interest to those who have trouble hiring expert UNIX system managers; and to those who would prefer to have a single computer and operating system on their desktop that serves both the needs of UNIX program development and running commercial applications, simultaneously. We present our experiences running UNIX programs and Macintosh applications under the Rhapsody DR2 Developer Release.

Don Summers; Chris Riley; Lucien Cremaldi; David Sanders

2004-12-06

68

Autumn Apples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the most potent symbols of the autumnal season is the apple. For good reason, too, as this much-loved member of the rose family is responsible for many of our tastiest fall treats such as apple pie, cider, apple sauce, and apple butter??-to name just a few. The aptly named website Apples & More, from the University of Illinois Extension, offers brief informational sections and resource links for the following areas: History & Legends, Nutrition, Preserving Apples, Varieties, Apple Cider, and many more (1). From Pearl Street Design, the Apple Journal provides a potpourri of apple-related news, recipes, images and other information (2 ). The third website, hosted by The New Farm, contains an article about organic apple research in Pennsylvania (3 ). From the Mount Vernon Research & Extension Unit at Washington State University, this website contains brief reports and resource links for a variety of apple research areas (4 ). For the benefit of apple growers, researchers, and others, the Minnesota Department of Agriculture posts this comprehensive and downloadable Field Guide for Identification of Pest Insects, Diseases, and Beneficial Organisms in Minnesota Apple Orchards (5 ). From Lakeside Orchards in Maine, this website contains a brief overview of seasonal activities in an apple orchard (6 ). The seventh website, hosted by the San Diego County Office of Education??s Teacher CyberGuide, contains a supplementary resource page for teachers planning educational units about apples (7). From Vermont Apples, this next website features a diverse collection of apple recipes including Apple Pie, Winter Salad, Gingered Apple Chutney, and Curried Apple Soup (8). The final website, from The Ohio State University Extension, contains a fact sheet about making apple cider vinegar (9).

69

Kiss Apple  

E-print Network

the tiny kiss apple. Apples are known to be natural breath fresheners but chomping down on an after dinner regulation size fruit could ruin the romantic mood. Hence the kiss apple. The ping-pong ball sized fruit can be popped in the mouth whole. Not content...

Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

2011-08-24

70

Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe  

E-print Network

Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe bottle swan giraffe swan swan swan swan apple apple apple apple bottle bottle swan swan swan swan mug swan mug mug mug mug mug giraffe mug swan mug swan swan swan bottle giraffe giraffe

Yang, Ming-Hsuan

71

MacMouse. Developing Preschool Readiness Concepts and Skills with HyperCard and MacRecorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through developments with the use of the "Apple Macintosh" computer, "HyperCard," and "MacRecorder," children in preschool handicapped programs are now capable of participating in appropriate computerized learning experiences. "HyperCard" allows educators to produce their own computerized instructional lessons with a software program that

Fitterman, L. Jeffrey

72

WinAmp for Mac 0.71 Alpha  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extremely popular free .mp3 player is now available in a Mac version. The Mac version looks very much like the Windows one, with player controls, a graphical equalizer, and play-list editor. It also supports SHOUTcast radio. Please remember that this is an Alpha version, which means it is still being tested and may contain bugs. System requirements are a PowerPC Mac with system 8.5 or later (but not OS X).

73

SeisMac 2.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SeisMac is a free Mac OS X application that turns MacBook or MacBook Pro laptops into seismographs. It uses the Sudden Motion Sensor (accelerometer) that these machines are equipped with to create and display real-time, three-axis acceleration graphs (seismograms). The resizable, real-time scrolling display lets students see the seismic waves from tapping their toes on the floor, lay the laptop on their chests to see their heartbeats, or see seismic waves from real earthquakes. The software allows users to pause the display to study an event; scroll back in time to see older data; enlarge or contract the graph, both vertically and horizontally; and copy, print or save the screen. Time labels tell exactly when an event occurred, the sampling rate can be adjusted, and acceleration data can be smoothed. The site features a link to download the software and a link to help files for installing and using it.

74

An apple  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Objects appear to be certain colors because of reflection and absorbance. Light is made up of different wavelengths that our eyes detect and convert into colors. The apple looks green because it reflects the wavelengths that correspond to the color we see as green. The apple absorbs all other wavelengths of light.

Scott Bauer (USDA-ARS; )

2006-05-23

75

A Review of Statistical Software for the Apple Macintosh  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven general-purpose statistical computing packages for the Apple Macintosh computer are reviewed. Data Desk, JMP, Minitab, Statistica\\/Mac, Statview (with SuperANOVA), and SYSTAT. MacAnova is discussed in the Appendix. Because the packages are often different in their target audiences and approaches, they are reviewed separately but using the same outline. A feature table and a general discussion with recommendations follow the

Philip G. Stein; James R. Matey; Karen Pitts

1997-01-01

76

First Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant  

E-print Network

First Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs for publication 19 July 1985. European canker of apple (Malus domestics Borkh. 'MacIntosh') caused by Nectria includes the apple-growing region of central Ontario. Reference: Booth, C. Commonw. Mycol. Inst. Pap. 73

Biggs, Alan R.

77

Newton's Apple  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Isaac Newton may have seen an apple fall, but it was Robert Hooke who had a better idea of where it would land. No one really knows whether or not Isaac Newton actually saw an apple fall in his garden. Supposedly it took place in 1666, but it was a tale he told in his old age more than 60 years later, a time when his memory was failing and his

Hendry, Archibald W.

2007-01-01

78

Using LINUX/Mac Computers for Scientific Computing The easiest way to save, edit, compile, and run a program, save the output,  

E-print Network

Using LINUX/Mac Computers for Scientific Computing The easiest way to save, edit, compile, and run a program, save the output, and then graph the output using MATLAB is to work on a LINUX or Mac (Mac OS X is based on UNIX) computer which already has a C compiler and MATLAB installed (any of the ASU LINUX or Mac

Gardner, Carl

79

TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for real-time high-data-rate sensor networks  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Earlier sensor network MAC protocols focus on energy conservation in low-duty cycle applications, while some recent applications involve real-time high-data-rate signals. This motivates us to design an innovative localized TDMA MAC protocol to achieve high throughput and low congestion in data collection sensor networks, besides energy conservation. TreeMAC divides a time cycle into frames and each frame into slots. A parent node determines the children's frame assignment based on their relative bandwidth demand, and each node calculates its own slot assignment based on its hop-count to the sink. This innovative 2-dimensional frame-slot assignment algorithm has the following nice theory properties. First, given any node, at any time slot, there is at most one active sender in its neighborhood (including itself). Second, the packet scheduling with TreeMAC is bufferless, which therefore minimizes the probability of network congestion. Third, the data throughput to the gateway is at least 1/3 of the optimum assuming reliable links. Our experiments on a 24-node testbed show that TreeMAC protocol significantly improves network throughput, fairness, and energy efficiency compared to TinyOS's default CSMA MAC protocol and a recent TDMA MAC protocol Funneling-MAC. Partial results of this paper were published in Song, Huang, Shirazi and Lahusen [W.-Z. Song, R. Huang, B. Shirazi, and R. Lahusen, TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for high-throughput and fairness in sensor networks, in: The 7th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom, March 2009]. Our new contributions include analyses of the performance of TreeMAC from various aspects. We also present more implementation detail and evaluate TreeMAC from other aspects. ?? 2009 Elsevier B.V.

Song, W.-Z.; Huang, R.; Shirazi, B.; LaHusen, R.

2009-01-01

80

MacKenzieMcAbee  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Headlines Pediatric Oncology Branch Home > Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals > Profiles > MacKenzie McAbee Headline Title Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals MacKenzie McAbee MacKenzie McAbee First Name: MacKenzie Last

81

Newton's Apple  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isaac Newton may have seen an apple fall, but it was Robert Hooke who had a better idea of where it would land. No one really knows whether or not Isaac Newton actually saw an apple fall in his garden. Supposedly it took place in 1666, but it was a tale he told in his old age more than 60 years later, a time when his memory was failing and his recollections of events did not always match known facts. However, one thing is certain-falling objects were to play a key part in Newton's eventual understanding of how objects move.

Hendry, Archibald W.

2007-05-01

82

Apple's Macintosh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Description of the Macintosh personal, educational, and business computer produced by Apple covers cost; physical characteristics including display devices, circuit boards, and built-in features; company-produced software; third-party produced software; memory and storage capacity; word-processing features; and graphics capabilities. (MBR)

Miller, Michael J.

1984-01-01

83

Rotten Apples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1991 and 1992, John Leach, Bonnie Shapiro, and the author did a study in which they interviewed approximately 400 students from the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States about their beliefs surrounding the decay of an apple over a year's time.

Richard Konicek-Moran

2009-04-01

84

MacArthur Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MacArthur Foundation Gopher includes general information about the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, such as how to apply for grants, the names of staff members, and the history of the Foundation. It also includes information specific to each of the Foundation's eight program areas, such as recent program activities, application guidelines, contact information, and a listing of grants made in the previous calendar year.

85

MacTelnet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The popular NCSA Telnet application for the Mac is available for free download. This easy-to-use program allows users to configure and run an FTP server on their machine, connect to remote hosts, and emulate a variety of hosts. Updated versions include bug fixes, an enhanced user interface, and speedier operation. Users can learn more about MacTelnet and download the program at the site.

86

MDx-MAC and Building Fast MACs from Hash Functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the security of message authentication code (MAC) algorithms, and the construction of MACs from fast hash func- tions. A new forgery attack applicable to all iterated MAC algorithms is described,theflrstknownsuchattackrequiringfeweroperationsthanex- haustivekeysearch.ExistingmethodsforconstructingMACsfromhash functions, including the secret preflx, secret su-x, and envelope meth- ods,areshowntobeunsatisfactory.Motivatedbytheabsenceofasecure, fastMACalgorithmnotbasedonencryption,anewgenericconstruction (MDx-MAC) is proposed for transforming any secure hash function of the MD4-family into a secure

Bart Preneell; Paul C. Van Oorschot

1995-01-01

87

Are Red Apples Sweeter Than Green Apples?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how a classroom observation of apples led to the development of a science project. Discusses the correlation between the greenness and the acidity of apples. Finds that the greener the apple, the lower its pH, and thus the more acidic and less sweet it tastes. (Author/CCM)

Fraser, Chris

1999-01-01

88

Buenos Apple Nachos Ingredients  

E-print Network

Buenos Apple Nachos Ingredients: 1 apple 3 strawberries 1 tablespoon peanut butter 1 tablespoon vanilla low-fat yogurt Directions 1. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core of strawberries. Slice into thin slic- es, and spread on top of apples. 3. Put peanut butter in a small micro

Liskiewicz, Maciej

89

Apple Fruit Salad Ingredients  

E-print Network

Apple Fruit Salad Ingredients: 2 Golden Delicious apples 2 Red Delicious apples 2 banana 1 1/2 cups Directions 1. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core. Then cut each piece in half again

Liskiewicz, Maciej

90

Carrot Apple Salad Ingredients  

E-print Network

Carrot Apple Salad Ingredients: 4 carrots 2 apples, finely chopped 1/2 cup crushed pineapple in water, drained 2 tablespoons apple juice, frozen concentrate Directions 1. Wash carrots and use a grater to shred into small pieces. Add to medium bowl. 2. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through

Liskiewicz, Maciej

91

Italian 3XX3 Info Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ Mac  

E-print Network

Italian 3XX3 Info Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ MacInfo Lit @ Mac Italian 3XX3: Culture and Media in Modern Italy #12;Italian 3XX3 Find books & other media in campus libraries Construct an effective search Research ObjectivesObjectivesObjectives #12;Italian 3XX3 How do you choose a research tool or article

Haykin, Simon

92

Connecting your Apple hand-held device to the CUED Wireless  

E-print Network

Connecting your Apple hand-held device to the CUED Wireless network. Prerequisites An iPad, i need to update your software you can do so through iTunes. Note that the upgrade to 3.0 costs a smallPhone Configuration Utility from Apple, which you can download for OS X or Windows from http://www.apple

Talbot, James P.

93

Millisecond timing on PCs and Macs.  

PubMed

A real-time, object-oriented solution for displaying stimuli on Windows 95/98, MacOS and Linux platforms is presented. The program, written in C++, utilizes a special-purpose window class (GLWindow), OpenGL, and 32-bit graphics acceleration; it avoids display timing uncertainty by substituting the new window class for the default window code for each system. We report the outcome of tests for real-time capability across PC and Mac platforms running a variety of operating systems. The test program, which can be used as a shell for programming real-time experiments and testing specific processors, is available at http://www.cs.dal.ca/~macinnwj. We propose to provide researchers with a sense of the usefulness of our program, highlight the ability of many multitasking environments to achieve real time, as well as caution users about systems that may not achieve real time, even under optimal conditions. PMID:11447670

MacInnes, W J; Taylor, T L

2001-05-01

94

Z-MAC: a hybrid MAC for wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design, implementation and performance evaluation of a hybrid MAC protocol, called Z-MAC, for wireless sensor networks that combines the strengths of TDMA and CSMA while offsetting their weaknesses. Like CSMA, Z-MAC achieves high channel utilization and low-latency under low contention and like TDMA, achieves high channel utilization under high contention and reduces collision among two-hop neighbors

Injong Rhee; Ajit Warrier; Mahesh Aia; Jeongki Min

2005-01-01

95

Results from MAC  

SciTech Connect

The MAC detector has been exposed at PEP to 40 pb/sup -1/ luminosity of e/sup +/e/sup -/ collisions. The detector is described and recent results of a continuing analysis of hadronic cross section, lepton pair charge asymmetry, Bhabha process, two photon final state and radiative ..mu.. pairs are given. New results on flavor tagging of hadronic events with an inclusive ..mu.., and some searches for new particles are presented.

Chadwick, G.B.

1983-05-01

96

If you're a senior,you'll be history in a couple of weeks. Right along with your Apple student discount.  

E-print Network

,of course,iLife. And save on Apple software,peripherals and accessories,too. It's last call,so stop by todayIf you're a senior,you'll be history in a couple of weeks. Right along with your Apple student Apple savings one last time. Save on the smarter,faster, do-everything MacBook Pro,complete with dual

Lotko, William

97

Elementary, My Dear Apple.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of "Elementary, My Dear Apple," a commercial software package for the Apple II microcomputer. The package contains four computer programs which present elementary-level spelling, math, and economics learning activities in game-like formats. (SJL)

Schilling, Robert

1981-01-01

98

An Apple A Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are presented with an apple and are asked to draw it. In each subsequent class period they are asked to draw the same apple again. In this way, they watch and record the changes the apple goes through as it decays.

Center for Inquiry Based Learning

2012-08-05

99

What's an Adam's Apple?  

MedlinePLUS

... Page The Pink Locker Society What's an Adam's Apple? KidsHealth > Kids > Q&A > Q & A > What's an Adam's Apple? Print A A A Text Size You're ... the throat. This is what's called an Adam's apple. Everyone's larynx grows during puberty, but a girl's ...

100

OS-MAC: An Efficient MAC Protocol for Spectrum-Agile Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless networks and devices have been rapidly gaining popularity over their wired counterparts. This popularity, in turn, has been generating an explosive and ever-increasing demand for, and hence creating a shortage of, the radio spectrum. Existing studies indicate that this foreseen spectrum shortage is not so much due to the scarcity of the radio spectrum, but due to the inefficiency

Bechir Hamdaoui; Kang G. Shin

2008-01-01

101

Steps to uninstall and reinstall the latest version of EBB for Mac  

E-print Network

. Choose the version of EBB that matches your OS. Go to Apple Menu. Double click the .zip file to extract the exam software. Move the EBB version of EBB software will prompt you to insert your flashdrive

Azevedo, Ricardo

102

An Apple a Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math lesson, learners make estimates to analyze the number of apples per acre, and visualize the magnitude of one million. Using the thematic setting of Johnny Appleseed, learners practice their number sense and estimation skills as they progress from merely guessing the number of apples in a bushel to making a reasonable estimate based on a point of reference or benchmark. Learners use data from the Michigan Apple Growers to compute and analyze the total amount of apple yield per acre. They work at centers to gain experience in visualizing the magnitude of one million apples. Learners also gain experience in using a grid as a resource to make better estimations.

PBS

2012-01-01

103

RECAPITI AZIENDALI Apple m EducationtalentIT@apple.com  

E-print Network

RECAPITI AZIENDALI Apple m EducationtalentIT@apple.com 1 www.apple.com/jobs/it/retail CHI SIAMO Gli Apple Store non sono soltanto negozi tra i pi innovativi al mondo, ma anche tra i pi dinamici e, coinvolgenti, collaborative e dinamiche, con una spiccata passione per Apple e i suoi prodotti. OPPORTUNIT

De Cindio, Fiorella

104

Macs in Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using computers to do science is a great way to get young people hooked on the enterprise, and mobile apps and other devices make this easier than ever. The Macs in Chemistry site features dozens of applications that will help users learn about chemistry (and more) through interactive activities, quizzes, and so on. In the At a Glance area, visitors can learn about the tutorials archived here, data analysis tools, and mobile science apps. This last section is a real gem, as it contains dozens of applications including everything from 29 interactive maps of the brain to chemistry formula exercises to a working seismograph. The rest of the applications are divided into alphabetical sections. Visitors should click on the Software Reviews area for timely and detailed reviews of each application's strengths and weaknesses. The site is rounded out by a contact form and a set of useful links.

105

VeMAC: A TDMA-based MAC Protocol for Reliable Broadcast in VANETs  

E-print Network

1 VeMAC: A TDMA-based MAC Protocol for Reliable Broadcast in VANETs Hassan Aboubakr Omar, Student priority safety applications in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). This paper introduces VeMAC, a novel multichannel TDMA MAC protocol proposed specifically for a VANET scenario. The VeMAC supports efficient one

Zhuang, Weihua

106

Boot Camp: System Requirements for Microsoft Windows Last Modified: June 17, 2008  

E-print Network

1899 Old Article: 306538 Summary Apple's Boot Camp software, included with Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard A Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard installation disc. This can be either a Mac OS X Leopard disc included with a purchased copy of Leopard, or a Mac OS X Install Disc 1 from a Mac that had Leopard preinstalled A USB

Papautsky, Ian

107

MacArthur Fellows 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Winners of the MacArthur Fellowship, or "genius grant," are chosen for their originality, independence, and display of promise for future endeavors in their field. This year's 25 winners represent a wide array of pursuits, from comic book art to marine conservation. The MacArthur Foundation offers this site containing biographies of the current Fellows as well as general information about the Fellowship and past winners. The colorful biographies are sure to inspire future geniuses.

108

Apple Cinnamon Crisp Ingredients  

E-print Network

cinnamon 1/4 cup water 4 apples 1 cup quick cooking oats 1/4 cup brown sugar, packed 2 tablespoonsApple Cinnamon Crisp Ingredients: 1/4 cup brown sugar, packed 1 tablespoon flour 1/2 teaspoon spray. Set aside. 2. Pack brown sugar in 1/4 cup measuring cup until level. Add to mixing bowl. Add

Liskiewicz, Maciej

109

The Apple IIc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Description of the portable Apple IIc includes its flat panel display; a new microprocessor, the 65CO2; its new design language; layout; documentation, including interactive tutorials; software support; and cost. Apple IIc's competitors and its new printer, the Scribe, are also discussed. (MBR)

Freiberger, Paul

1984-01-01

110

Fiverr MacGyver  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crowdsourcing has become popular over the past years, also for scientific endeavors. There are many Citizen Science projects and crowdfunding platforms, such as Kickstarter, that are make helpful contributions to moving environmental science forward. An interesting underused source of useful crowd-derived contributions to research is the website Fiverr.com. On this platform, thousands of people, acting as small-scale freelance contractors, offer their skills in the form of services. The platform offers a chance for people to take a hobby, skill, or pastime and make it something more by reaching out to a wider audience and by receiving a payment in return for services. As is typical of other crowdsourcing platforms, the tasks are small and usually self contained. As the name Fiverr suggests, offers start at US5 to provide a particular service. Services offered range from graphic design, to messages sung or spoken with various styles or accents, to complete apps for Android or iPhone. Skill providers on the platform can accept a range of variation of definition in the tasks, some can be described in general terms, for others it is more appropriate to provide examples. Fiverr provides a central location for those offering skills and those needing services to find each other, it makes it possible to communicate and exchange files, to make payments, and it provides support for resolving disputes. In all cases, it is important to keep expectations aligned with the nature of the platform: quality can and will vary. Ultimately, the critical contribution of Fiverr is not to replace professional services or otherwise save money, but rather to provide access to a large group of people with specialized skills who are able to make a contribution on short notice. In the context of this session, it can be considered a pool of people with MacGyver skills lying in wait of a MacGyyer task to attack. There are many ways in which Fiverr tasks, which are called 'gigs', can be useful in a scientific context. Some people will make 3D designs; others will print these designs with a 3D printer. Earlier, we used Fiverr to design a logo for the Trans-African Hydro-Meteorological Observatory (TAHMO). Recently, using Fiverr, an app was developed at minimal costs that sends simple csv files with time stamp, location and sensor value at given intervals. In general, interactions with gig providers are very professional. Fiverr.com provides a good recommender system that guides users in finding productive providers. In this poster presentation, we present the results obtained from the most promising Fiverr gigs after an investment of 100 in the field of environmental science, with special emphasis on hydrology. We point out the heuristic value of Fiverr: browsing the available range provides a view on a wide range of practical human skills that are available to solve science challenges, and triggers productive thinking about how to break down a task into smaller practical subtasks that can be solved in a light weight, cost-effective manner.

Hut, Rolf; van de Giesen, Nick; Larson, Martha

2014-05-01

111

Skillet Pork and Apples Ingredients  

E-print Network

Skillet Pork and Apples Ingredients: 1 teaspoon cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon black pepper 4 pork loin chops 2 teaspoons olive oil 4 apples 1/3 cup water Directions 1. Combine cinnamon and pepper in a bowl. 3. Wash apples. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core. Then cut each piece

Liskiewicz, Maciej

112

AIDP -Apple Interface Design Project  

E-print Network

AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project m 92-95 m Joy Mountford m Design Centre, Advanced Technology Group m Apple's Industrial Design Group "Encourage ProjectThe Project m Bridge the gulf between the physical and virtual worlds - Apple m Design a new way

Tollmar, Konrad

113

Tuna Apple Salad Sandwiches Ingredients  

E-print Network

Tuna Apple Salad Sandwiches Ingredients: 6 1/2 ounces tuna in water, canned 1 stalk celery 1 apple and chop in small pieces. Wash and cut apple in half and in half again. Cut out core and chop into small pieces. 3. Add celery and apple to tuna. Stir well. 4. Add mayonnaise and lemon juice. Stir well. 5

Liskiewicz, Maciej

114

What is Apple-Psych?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple Psych, a system of software subroutines written in Apple Pascal and 6502 assembly language, was designed to run real-time\\u000a psychological experiments on the Apple II, II+, and IIe microcomputers. This paper describes the minimum system requirements\\u000a necessary to run Apple-Psych, the capabilities of the basic system, and the advantages and disadvantages of using Apple-Psych.\\u000a Because the utility of a

Suzanne Barnes; Robert S. Burke

1988-01-01

115

Modeling Across the Curriculum (MAC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project aims to demonstrate the effective use of technology to a student-centered, model-based approach to secondary science teaching. Using a variety of computer-based manipulable models and probeware, MAC teaches students how to create, refine, and apply mental models to improve their understanding of science. MAC evaluates student learning through embedded on-line assessments, as well as with conventional pre- and post-test instruments, and scores on standardized assessments. The project will also identify, investigate, and address the barriers to the widespread adoption and long-range sustainability of this approach.

116

Apple Screen 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The apple is ripening from the inside. Ripening occurs due to injury or infection by fungi (the signal causes ripening chemicals to be released in the fruit). The fruit becomes soft as it ripens, which accounts for the dents.

Katie Hale (CSUF; Biological Sciences)

2007-06-26

117

The Diminishing Apple  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Upper elementary students cut apples to explore the Earth. The goal of the activity is to teach children about the relatively small proportions of actual drinkable water, habitable land, and productive areas on the Earth.

Catherine Kelly

2002-02-02

118

Response time accuracy in Apple Macintosh computers.  

PubMed

The accuracy and variability of response times (RTs) collected on stock Apple Macintosh computers using USB keyboards was assessed. A photodiode detected a change in the screen's luminosity and triggered a solenoid that pressed a key on the keyboard. The RTs collected in this way were reliable, but could be as much as 100 ms too long. The standard deviation of the measured RTs varied between 2.5 and 10 ms, and the distributions approximated a normal distribution. Surprisingly, two recent Apple-branded USB keyboards differed in their accuracy by as much as 20 ms. The most accurate RTs were collected when an external CRT was used to display the stimuli and Psychtoolbox was able to synchronize presentation with the screen refresh. We conclude that RTs collected on stock iMacs can detect a difference as small as 5-10 ms under realistic conditions, and this dictates which types of research should or should not use these systems. PMID:21416303

Neath, Ian; Earle, Avery; Hallett, Darcy; Surprenant, Aime M

2011-06-01

119

Apple Snails (Ampullariidae)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site provides information on apple snails (family Ampullariidae), the largest living freshwater snails on earth, often kept as aquarium pets because of their attractive appearance and size. Topics include the care of apple snails, their anatomy, species and genera, and information on snail pests, embryology, and genetics. There is also a frequently-asked-questions feature, photos, links to web sites and literature, and an online discussion forum.

Stijn A. I. Ghesquiere

120

Apples and Oranges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use these activities to practice using information to create and read bar graphs. Go to this website and answer the questions using a bar graph. Play this fun game of bugs in the system, and then record your graphs on the paper provided. Use the following information to create a bar graph of your own. I asked all the students in the class whether they prefered apples or oranges. 12 said apples 9 said oranges 4 said neither Create ...

Mrs. Korth

2005-10-31

121

Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple  

E-print Network

Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple color Harry Andris o Carlos H. Crisosto Red color developmentis an important factor for consumer acceptance of California 'Fuji' apples. Several attempts to im not affect fla- vor, it is an important factor for con- sumer acceptance of apples. Cyanidin is the immediate

Crisosto, Carlos H.

122

Determination of amygdalin in apple seeds, fresh apples and processed apple juices.  

PubMed

Cyanogenic glycosides are natural plant toxicants. Action by endogenous plant enzymes can release hydrogen cyanide causing potential toxicity issues for animals including humans. We have quantified amygdalin in seeds from different apple varieties, determined the effects of processing on the amygdalin content of apple juice and quantified amygdalin in commercially-available apple juices. Amygdalin contents of seeds from fifteen varieties of apples ranged from 1 mg g(-1) to 4 mg g(-1). The amygdalin content of commercially-available apple juice was low, ranging from 0.01 to 0.04 mg ml(-1) for pressed apple juice and 0.001-0.007 mg ml(-1) for long-life apple juice. Processing led to juice with low amygdalin content, ranging from 0.01 mg ml(-1) to 0.08 mg ml(-1). The results presented show that the amygdalin contents of commercially-available apple juices are unlikely to present health problems to consumers. PMID:25306368

Bolarinwa, Islamiyat F; Orfila, Caroline; Morgan, Michael R A

2015-03-01

123

About APPLE II Operation  

SciTech Connect

The operation of an APPLE II based undulator beamline with all its polarization states (linear horizontal and vertical, circular and elliptical, and continous variation of the linear vector) requires an effective description allowing an automated calculation of gap and shift parameter as function of energy and operation mode. The extension of the linear polarization range from 0 to 180 deg. requires 4 shiftable magnet arrrays, permitting use of the APU (adjustable phase undulator) concept. Studies for a pure fixed gap APPLE II for the SLS revealed surprising symmetries between circular and linear polarization modes allowing for simplified operation. A semi-analytical model covering all types of APPLE II and its implementation will be presented.

Schmidt, T.; Zimoch, D. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Swiss Light Source, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2007-01-19

124

Mac configuration management at the Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) had a need for central configuration management of non-Windows computers. LANL has three to five thousand Macs and an equal number of Linux based systems. The primary goal was to be able to inventory all non-windows systems and patch Mc OS X systems. LANL examined a number of commercial and open source solutions and ultimately selected Puppet. This paper will discuss why we chose Puppet, how we implemented it, and some lessons we learned along the way.

Marcus, Allan B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01

125

Making Bags of Apples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 39-slide slideshare presentation students are guided through the process of using repeated reasoning to discover the number of apples in a specific number of bags. This slideshare presentation was developed by the Illustrative Mathematics Project to illustrate CCSS-SMP 8. Throughout the slideshare student and teacher dialogue is presented along with commentary by two observers.

Patricia Herbst

2013-01-01

126

Apple mosaic virus  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple mosaic virus (ApMV), a member of the ilarvirus group, naturally infects Betula, Aesculus, Humulus, and several crop genera in the family Rosaceae (Malus, Prunus, Rosa and Rubus). ApMV was first reported in Rubus in several blackberry and raspberry cultivars in the United States and subsequentl...

127

George MacDonald's Estimate of Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nineteenth-century fantasy writer George MacDonald believed that "it is better to be a child in a green field than a knight of many orders." In this paper, I shall explore the bearing of this high estimate of childhood on spiritual education. MacDonald explores the spirituality of the child in his essay "A Sketch of Individual Development" and

Pridmore, John

2007-01-01

128

TDMA based directional MAC for WBAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a Medium Access Control Protocol (MAC) for a Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). Designing of MAC for WBAN has key challenges like power efficiency and flexibility in duty cycle on energy constraint sensor node. To solve it we exploit Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) and Multi beam Antenna approach simultaneously. Together it provides Spatial Division

Nasare Alam; Sana Ullah; Niamat Ullah; Kyung Sup Kwak

2010-01-01

129

Apps, HTML5, Virtualisierung und Apples Kontrolle  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Applikationen fr das iPhone knnen mit der Apple-Entwicklungsumgebung Xcode entwickelt werden. Die Entwicklungsumgebung kann\\u000a kostenlos nach der Registrierung mit einer Apple-ID (wie sie auch in iTunes bentigt wird) heruntergeladen werden. Es stehen\\u000a dabei die Sprachen Objective C und Javascript zur Verfgung, auch eine Mischung ist mglich. Es drfen ausschlielich die\\u000a von Apple freigegebenen Programmierschnittstellen benutzt werden. Um eine App auf

Florian Oelmaier; Jochen Hrtreiter; Andreas Seitz

130

Apple Strength Issues  

SciTech Connect

Strength of the apple parts has been noticed to decrease, especially those installed by the new induction heating system since the LEP campaign started. Fig. 1 shows the ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS), and elongation of the installed or installation-simulated apples on various systems. One can clearly see the mean values of UTS and YS of the post-LEP parts decreased by about 8 ksi and 6 ksi respectively from those of the pre-LEP parts. The slight increase in elongation seen in Fig.1 can be understood from the weak inverse relationship between the strength and elongation in metals. Fig.2 shows the weak correlation between the YS and elongation of the parts listed in Fig. 1. Strength data listed in Figure 1 were re-plotted as histograms in Figs. 3 and 4. Figs. 3a and 4a show histograms of all UTS and YS data. Figs. 3b and 4b shows histograms of pre-LEP data and Figs. 3c and 4c of post-LEP data. Data on statistical scatter of tensile strengths have been rarely published by material suppliers. Instead, only the minimum 'guaranteed' strength data are typically presented. An example of strength distribution of aluminum 7075-T6 sheet material, listed in Fig. 5, show that its scatter width of both UTS and YS for a single sheet can be about 6 ksi and for multi-lot scatter can be as large as 11 ksi even though the sheets have been produced through well-controlled manufacturing process. By approximating the histograms shown in Figs. 3 and 4 by a Gaussian or similar type of distribution curves, one can plausibly see the strength reductions in the later or more recent apples. The pre-LEP data in Figs. 3b and 4b show wider scatter than the post-LEP data in Figs. 3c and 4c and seem to follow the binomial distribution of strength indicating that the apples might have been made from two different lots of material, either from two different vendors or from two different melts of perhaps slightly different chemical composition by a single vendor. The post-LEP apples seem to have been from a single batch of material. The pre-LEP apples of the weak strength and the post-LEP apples with even weaker strength could have been made of the same batch of material, and the small strength differential might be due to the difference in the induction heating system. If the pre-LEP apples with the lower strength and the post LEP apples are made from the same batch of material, their combined scatter of strength data would be wider and can be understood as a result of the additional processing steps of stress relief and induction heating as discussed.

Syn, C

2009-12-22

131

Comparison of CSMA based MAC protocols of wireless sensor networks  

E-print Network

Energy conservation has been an important area of interest in Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs). Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols play an important role in energy conservation. In this paper, we describe CSMA based MAC protocols for WSN and analyze the simulation results of these protocols. We implemented S-MAC, T-MAC, B-MAC, B-MAC+, X-MAC, DMAC and Wise-MAC in TOSSIM, a simulator which unlike other simulators simulates the same code running on real hardware. Previous surveys mainly focused on the classification of MAC protocols according to the techniques being used or problem dealt with and presented a theoretical evaluation of protocols. This paper presents the comparative study of CSMA based protocols for WSNs, showing which MAC protocol is suitable in a particular environment and supports the arguments with the simulation results. The comparative study can be used to find the best suited MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks in different environments.

singh, Himanshu

2012-01-01

132

Installing and Connecting to Lync for iOS devices Page 1 of 6  

E-print Network

Installing and Connecting to Lync for iOS devices Page 1 of 6OS. Requirements iPhone 3gs, 4, 4s, 5; iPad (all versions); iPod Touch 3rd generation. https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/microsoft-lync-2010-for- iphone/id484293461?mt=8 After

Paulsson, Johan

133

Grandma's Apple Pie  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students work in groups to create a presentation that illustrates the meaning of the statement "To make an apple pie from scratch you must first invent the universe." Students pick an element that can be found in apple pie and trace its evolutionary history back to the birth of the universe itself. They also share their vision of the environment in which that element may find itself 5 or so billion years from now after the Earth is long gone. Presentations are intended to demonstrate student understanding of the origins and life cycle of matter, so this activity is appropriate as a conclusion to a unit. This activity is part of the "What is Your Cosmic Connection to the Elements" information and activity booklet. The booklet includes teacher notes, grading guide and student handouts.

2012-08-03

134

Apple Learning Exchange  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Apple Learning Interchange (API) site contains a wealth of educational resources, spanning the full spectrum from preschool through to college. Subject areas (including math, science, English, language arts, the humanities, and even philosophy) are highlighted and indexed cleanly with an eye to satisfying both students and teachers. Arguably the site's strongest assets are its QuickTime clips, several of which feature the Field Museum's Tyrannosaurus Rex, Sue. For all its glitziness, ALI offers a great deal, especially from a pedagogical point of view, including a list of ready reference materials, such as the new Roget II Thesaurus and a periodic table as well as games and puzzles to teach science and math facts. As if all of this weren't enough, ALI's site also provides registered users (registration is free) with online pedagogical instruction. Of course, as the name implies, the site does prominently feature Apple technology.

135

Apple Image Processing Educator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software system design is proposed and demonstrated with pilot-project software. The system permits the Apple II microcomputer to be used for personalized computer-assisted instruction in the digital image processing of LANDSAT images. The programs provide data input, menu selection, graphic and hard-copy displays, and both general and detailed instructions. The pilot-project results are considered to be successful indicators of the capabilities and limits of microcomputers for digital image processing education.

Gunther, F. J.

1981-01-01

136

[Thorn apple poisoning].  

PubMed

A 20-year-old man presented with signs of thornapple intoxication: restlessness, disorientation, hallucinations, euphoria, and furthermore dry and red skin and symmetrical dilation of the pupils. Thornapple intoxication mimics atropine intoxication. Thorn apples (Datura stramonium) are seemingly becoming popular as a hallucinogenic drug. When the symptoms are mild gastric lavage leaving active charcoal in the stomach afterwards will suffice. In case of severe symptoms treatment with physostigmine is indicated. PMID:9273454

Koevoets, P F; van Harten, P N

1997-05-01

137

Connecting Whistler Essays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonaldEssays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonaldEssays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonaldEssays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonald  

E-print Network

Connecting Whistler Essays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonaldEssays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonaldEssays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonaldEssays in Honour of Margaret F. MacDonald Edited byEdited byEdited by Whistler surely would have called `the experience of a lifetime'. This compilation of essays presents

Guo, Zaoyang

138

Fast arithmetic in MacLISP  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MacLISP provides a compiler which produces numerical code competitive in speed with some FORTRAN implementations and yet compatible with the rest of the MacLISP system. All numerical programs can be run under the MacLISP interpreter. Additional declarations to the compiler specify type information which allows the generation of optimized numerical code which generally does not require the garbage collection of temporary numerical results. Array accesses are almost as fast as in FORTRAN, and permit the use of dynamically allocated arrays of varying dimensions. The implementation decisions regarding user interface, data representations, and interfacing conventions are discussed which allow the generation of fast numerical LISP code.

Steele, G. L., Jr.

1977-01-01

139

Kitchen Korner! EASY APPLE BAKE  

E-print Network

Kitchen Korner! EASY APPLE BAKE 4 apples Cinnamon (to taste) 1/2 cup sugar 1/2 cup flour 1/2 cup them a sense of pride and accomplishment. You may be surprised at how many things kids can do usually taste better...your little ones may be more likely to try them and like them!) Help your children

Goodman, Robert M.

140

Century Learning through Apple Technology  

E-print Network

21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology. This institute begins with a keynote address that looks at how new technologies can enhance 21st century learning

141

Ordering from Apple Royal Holloway University have a special agreement with Apple Distribution International.  

E-print Network

Ordering from Apple Royal Holloway University have a special agreement with Apple Distribution International. The overall management of the Agreement is via the Universities' Apple Computer Group (UACG at the National Apple Higher Education Agreement price. This pricing can be found at: https://ecommerce.apple

Royal Holloway, University of London

142

MACS as a tool for international inspections  

SciTech Connect

The MACS/ACRS (Managed Access by Controlled Sensing/Access by Controlled Remote Sensing) system is a collection of communication devices, video capability, and distance-measuring equipment which can effectively substitute for the physical presence of a challenge inspector within a facility. The MACS design allows growth of the prototype, developed in response to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), into a versatile device for inspection of sensitive nuclear facilities under other international arrangements, for example the proposed Fissile Material Cutoff Convention. A MACS/ACRS-type system in a standard, international-recognized configuration could resolve sensitive information and safety concerns through providing a means of achieving the goals of an inspection while excluding the inspector. We believe the technology used to develop MACS for the Defense Nuclear Agency, followed by ACRS for the Department of Energy, is universally adaptable for minimally-intrusive managed-access international inspections of sensitive sites.

Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

1995-08-01

143

The MAC - a miniature atomic clock  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors are developing a chip-scale atomic clock (CSAC), more than two orders of magnitude smaller and lower power than any existing technology. As an intermediate milestone, en route to the ultimate CSAC objectives, we have developed a miniature atomic clock (MAC), combining the low-power CSAC physics package with a low-parts count, low-power digital control and microwave system. The MAC

R. Lutwak; P. Vlitas; M. Varghese; M. Mescher; D. K. Serkland; G. M. Peake

2005-01-01

144

MacWorld: Tricks and Tips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Who doesn't want to know about important new tricks and tips for their Mac? For those who would like to know about such useful information, this site offered by MacWorld is a real find. Visitors can browse Today's Top 9 to see recent additions to the site or perform a keyword search to find specific articles. Users can also take advantage of timely tips for iPods (and related accessories), digital cameras, scanners, and printers.

2008-01-01

145

Examining Serial Sections of an Apple  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students make serial sections of an apple. Students make cross-section prints of the top portion of the apple, then another print further into the apple, and so on until they get to the bottom of the apple. This serial sectionin

John Eichinger

2009-05-15

146

AeroMACS system characterization and demonstrations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past three years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

Kerczewski, R. J.; Apaza, R. D.; Dimond, R. P.

147

AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past three years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

2013-01-01

148

AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past 3 years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

2013-01-01

149

McInerney v. MacDonald.  

PubMed

The Supreme Court of Canada dismissed an appeal by a physician who had challenged a patient's right of access to her complete medical record. Margaret MacDonald had gone to other doctors over the years before she became the patient of Dr. Elizabeth McInerney. After McInerney advised MacDonald to stop taking the thyroid pills prescribed by other doctors and she complied, MacDonald requested copies of her entire medical record. McInerney sent copies of all reports which she herself had prepared, but refused to send copies of any reports on MacDonald from other physicians, believing that doing so would be unethical. She told MacDonald to contact each of the other physicians for release of their medical records. MacDonald's application for a court order directing McInerney to provide a copy of the entire medical file was granted. The Court determined that a fiduciary duty to provide access to medical records is based on the nature of the patient's interest in the records, and that the onus lies on the doctor to justify an exception to the general rule of access. PMID:12041089

1992-06-11

150

Newton's Apple Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Newton's Apple, the award-winning national science program for kids, has a companion Web site with lots of good lesson plans and activities. The Science Try Its page contains hands-on science activities from the past six seasons of shows, including such things as making a barometer and a hovercraft. Each Try It includes a description, illustration, and explanation of the science behind the result. Teachers, parents, and kids will love how easy it is to conduct experiments that can be completed with readily available materials.

151

Apples and Oceans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use an apple as a model to represent the proportions of the Earth that are covered by land and ocean. They will be introduced to the vastness of the one, interconnected ocean, and to the importance of the ocean to all life on Earth. They will also understand the concept that the proportions of habitable area, farmable land, and land with fresh water are very limited and that ocean upwelling areas that allow high biological productivity are also very limited.

152

SeisMac Seismogram Modeling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teacher will demonstrate the SeisMac program. Shake the laptop in the three different directions, showing how the different directions are recorded on the three different components. Adjust both the vertical and horizontal scales to show how the same motions can be represented differently. Setting the vertical scales on -1 to +1, tilt the laptop 90 deg in each of the three directions to demonstrate that the seismograms are records of acceleration (accelerograms). When the laptop is oriented normally, the baseline of the vertical component is 1 g and the two horizontal components have baselines of 0 g. However, when the laptop is tilted the vertical component goes to 0 g and one of the horizontal components will go to 1 g. Teacher will present real 3-component seismograms for actual data, and discuss the major seismic phases (P, S, Love, Rayleigh), showing the components they arrive on: P is primarily on vertical, S is primarily on radial and transverse, Love is primarily on the transverse, and the Rayleigh wave is primarily on both vertical and radial components. Students will take turns shaking the seismometer to try to directly replicate the actual seismograms. If two sets of seismograms are used, the teacher can talk about the differences between seismograms at stations that are nearer or further from the seismometer. Has minimal/no quantitative component Addresses student misconceptions

Michael Wysession

153

An Energy-efficient Rate Adaptive Media Access Protocol (RA-MAC) for Long-lived Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

We introduce an energy-efficient Rate Adaptive Media Access Control (RA-MAC) algorithm for long-lived Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Previous research shows that the dynamic and lossy nature of wireless communications is one of the major challenges to reliable data delivery in WSNs. RA-MAC achieves high link reliability in such situations by dynamically trading off data rate for channel gain. The extra gain that can be achieved reduces the packet loss rate which contributes to reduced energy expenditure through a reduced numbers of retransmissions. We achieve this at the expense of raw bit rate which generally far exceeds the applications link requirement. To minimize communication energy consumption, RA-MAC selects the optimal data rate based on the estimated link quality at each data rate and an analytical model of the energy consumption. Our model shows how the selected data rate depends on different channel conditions in order to minimize energy consumption. We have implemented RA-MAC in TinyOS for an off-the-shelf sensor platform (the TinyNode) on top of a state-of-the-art WSN Media Access Control Protocol, SCP-MAC, and evaluated its performance by comparing our implementation with the original SCP-MAC using both simulation and experiment. PMID:22219675

Hu, Wen; Chen, Quanjun; Corke, Peter; ORourke, Damien

2010-01-01

154

MAC in Motion: Impact of Mobility on the MAC of Drive-Thru Internet  

E-print Network

MAC in Motion: Impact of Mobility on the MAC of Drive-Thru Internet Tom H. Luan, Xinhua Ling decade has made possible for the easy Internet access from a vehicle, notably drive-thru Internet the throughput of DCF in the large scale drive-thru Internet scenario. Our model incorporates the high

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

155

Os Trigonum Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... ACFAS | Informacin en Espaol Advanced Search Home Foot & Ankle Conditions Os Trigonum Syndrome Text Size Print Bookmark ... extra (accessory) bone that sometimes develops behind the ankle bone (talus). It is connected to the talus ...

156

A study of MAC protocols for WBANs.  

PubMed

The seamless integration of low-power, miniaturised, invasive/non-invasive lightweight sensor nodes have contributed to the development of a proactive and unobtrusive Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). A WBAN provides long-term health monitoring of a patient without any constraint on his/her normal dailylife activities. This monitoring requires the low-power operation of invasive/non-invasive sensor nodes. In other words, a power-efficient Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is required to satisfy the stringent WBAN requirements, including low-power consumption. In this paper, we first outline the WBAN requirements that are important for the design of a low-power MAC protocol. Then we study low-power MAC protocols proposed/investigated for a WBAN with emphasis on their strengths and weaknesses. We also review different power-efficient mechanisms for a WBAN. In addition, useful suggestions are given to help the MAC designers to develop a low-power MAC protocol that will satisfy the stringent requirements. PMID:22315531

Ullah, Sana; Shen, Bin; Islam, S M Riazul; Khan, Pervez; Saleem, Shahnaz; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2010-01-01

157

A Study of MAC Protocols for WBANs  

PubMed Central

The seamless integration of low-power, miniaturised, invasive/non-invasive lightweight sensor nodes have contributed to the development of a proactive and unobtrusive Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). A WBAN provides long-term health monitoring of a patient without any constraint on his/her normal dailylife activities. This monitoring requires the low-power operation of invasive/non-invasive sensor nodes. In other words, a power-efficient Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is required to satisfy the stringent WBAN requirements, including low-power consumption. In this paper, we first outline the WBAN requirements that are important for the design of a low-power MAC protocol. Then we study low-power MAC protocols proposed/investigated for a WBAN with emphasis on their strengths and weaknesses. We also review different power-efficient mechanisms for a WBAN. In addition, useful suggestions are given to help the MAC designers to develop a low-power MAC protocol that will satisfy the stringent requirements. PMID:22315531

Ullah, Sana; Shen, Bin; Islam, S.M. Riazul; Khan, Pervez; Saleem, Shahnaz; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2010-01-01

158

7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

2014-01-01

159

7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

2012-01-01

160

7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

2013-01-01

161

7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

2011-01-01

162

7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

2010-01-01

163

"Fruit-Full" Arkansas: Apples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Arkansas has many agricultural products and folks in the know are aware of the many apple varieties grown in the state. This digital exhibit contains 69 items related to apple culture taken from collections housed at the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art and the University of Arkansas. Select items for this special collection include souvenir booklets, poetry, and photographs. First-time visitors should read the history of the Arkansas apple industry proffered by "Mr. Arkansas Apple" himself, Dr. Roy C. Rom. The resource list is exhaustive, and anyone with an interest in pomology or Arkansas history will find it quite fascinating. Additionally, for anyone interested in going deeper into the subject, the site includes supplementary resources including links to other digitized materials.

164

Apple Macintosh PowerBook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Apple Worldwide Mobility Solutions recently announced a Web page dedicated to the communications, expandability, multimedia, and cross-platform compatibility features of the newest Apple Macintosh PowerBook computers. In addition to specific product information, the page provides Q & A on mobile communications capabilities, the PC Card as it relates to modems, wireless, and storage devices, and the expansion bay possibilities such as infrared devices.

165

MAC2: A Multi-Hop Adaptive MAC Protocol with Packet Concatenation for Wireless Sensor Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wireless sensor network MAC protocols switch radios off periodically, employing the so-called duty cycle mechanism, in order to conserve battery power that would otherwise be wasted by energy-costly idle listening. In order to minimize the various negative side-effects of the original scheme, especially on latency and throughput, various improvements have been proposed. In this paper, we introduce a new MAC protocol called MAC2(Multi-hop Adaptive with packet Concatenation-MAC) which combines three promising techniques into one protocol. Firstly, the idea to forward packets over multiple hops within one operational cycle as initially introduced in RMAC. Secondly, an adaptive method that adjusts the listening period according to traffic load minimizing idle listening. Thirdly, a packet concatenation scheme that not only increases throughput but also reduces power consumption that would otherwise be incurred by additional control packets. Furthermore, MAC2 incorporates the idea of scheduling data transmissions with minimum latency, thereby performing packet concatenation together with the multi-hop transmission mechanism in a most efficient way. We evaluated MAC2 using the prominent network simulator ns-2 and the results show that our protocol can outperform DW-MAC a state of the art protocol both in terms of energy efficiency and throughput.

Nguyen, Kien; Meis, Ulrich; Ji, Yusheng

166

Delay-Bounded MAC with Minimal Idle Listening for Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

on, it operates at a similar power consumption level regardless whether it is transmitting, receiving. Representative synchronous protocols such as S-MAC [1], T-MAC [4], RMAC [5] and DW-MAC [6] require neighbor nodes-MAC, WiseMAC and X-MAC are sender- initiated preamble-based protocols which employ the low power listening

Qiao, Daji

167

Windows Media Player 7 for Mac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 22, 2001, Microsoft announced the release of Windows Media Player 7 for Mac. While it has not yet fully displaced RealPlayer as the standard streaming media player for the Web, Windows Media Player is absolutely a must-have plug-in. Features of the newest version include a new skin; local and streamed playback of .asf, .wma, .wmv, .asx, .wmx, .wax, .wm, .wvx, and .mp3 extensions; multiple bit rates; closed captioning; and intelligent streaming; among others. Mac users will find system requirements and download instructions at the above URL.

168

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 Load Adaptive MAC: A Hybrid MAC Protocol for  

E-print Network

formed by a collection of MIMO Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP) Software Defined Radio (SDR-MAC in comparison with other alternatives. Index Terms--SDR, USRP, GNU radio, MANET, MIMO, CSMA, TDMA, hybrid MAC. I

Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

169

Enabling MAC Protocol Implementations on Software-Defined Radios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years a range of new Media Access Control (MAC) protocols have been proposed for wire- less networks. This research has been driven by the observation that a single one-size-fits-all MAC protocol cannot meet the needs of diverse wireless deployments and applications. Unfortunately, most MAC functional- ity has traditionally been implemented on the wireless card for performance

George Nychis; Thibaud Hottelier; Zhuocheng Yang; Srinivasan Seshan; Peter Steenkiste

2009-01-01

170

Enabling MAC Protocol Implementations on Software-Defined Radios  

E-print Network

Enabling MAC Protocol Implementations on Software-Defined Radios George Nychis, Thibaud Hottelier for MAC customization. Software-defined radios (SDRs) promise unprecedented flexibility, but their ar, making the MAC hard, if even possible, to modify. Software-defined radios (SDRs) have been proposed

Sadeh, Norman M.

171

MAC Layer Performance with Steerable Multibeam Antenna Arrays  

E-print Network

control (MAC) layer of the protocol stack when steer- able multibeam antenna arrays are employedMAC Layer Performance with Steerable Multibeam Antenna Arrays A. Chockalingamt and Ramesh R. Rao$ t with the perfor- manceatthemediaaccess control(MAC)layerof theprotocol stack when multibeamadaptiveantenna

Chockalingam, A.

172

Making Connections--The MeneMAC Online Learning Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the MeneMAC (Media Arts Communications, dubbed "MeneMAC" in honor of the school mascot, the menehune) Learning Center at Moanalua High School (MoHS), inaugurated its integrated media curriculum for its class of 27 entering freshmen. MeneMAC originated as a media learning center, offering students a chance to explore their interests and

Sueoka, Lynne

2005-01-01

173

SoftMAC: layer 2.5 MAC for VoIP support in multi-hop wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present the challenges in supporting VoIP services over multi-hop wireless networks using commercial IEEE 802.11 MAC DCF hardware, and propose a novel software solution, called Layer 2.5 SoftMAC. Our proposed SoftMAC resides between the 802.11 MAC layer and IP layer to coordinate the real-time and best-effort packet transmission among neighboring nodes in a multi-hop wireless network.

Haitao Wu; Xin Wang; Yunxin Liu; Qian Zhang; Zhi-Li Zhang

2005-01-01

174

Stopping Spread of Apple Scab Fire Blight  

E-print Network

1 Stopping Spread of Apple Scab Fire Blight Stawberry Diseases European Red Mites Rosy Apple Aphid stage of susceptibility from pink until about 3-4 weeks after petal fall. -Pecknold Fire Blight: Even

Ginzel, Matthew

175

Cryptosporidiosis Associated with Ozonated Apple Cider  

PubMed Central

We linked an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis to ozonated apple cider by using molecular and epidemiologic methods. Because ozonation was insufficient in preventing this outbreak, its use in rendering apple cider safe for drinking is questioned. PMID:16704822

Mazurek, Jacek M.; Hlavsa, Michele; Park, Jean; Tillapaw, Matt; Parrish, MaryKay; Salehi, Ellen; Franks, William; Koch, Elizabeth; Smith, Forrest; Xiao, Lihua; Arrowood, Michael; Hill, Vince; da Silva, Alex; Johnston, Stephanie; Jones, Jeffrey L.

2006-01-01

176

BREAKING NEW GROUNDS OVER 3000 M MAC\\/s: A BROADBAND MOBILE MULTIMEDIA MODEM DSP  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. ABSTRACT Future DSP architectures need to be developed for paving th e way into a generation of high scale signal processing power, i.e. greater than 1000M MAC\\/s (multiply accumulate per second). This can only be reached today by introducing a new parallel processing paradigm into DSP architecture. In this paper we show that this requirement can be achieved alre

Gerhard Fettweis; M. Weiss; W. Drescher; U. Walther; F. Engel; S. Kobayashi; T. Ri

1998-01-01

177

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology  

E-print Network

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

178

Living Neoplatonism1 Bruce MacLennan  

E-print Network

Living Neoplatonism1 Bruce MacLennan University of Tennessee, Knoxville I. Motivation The title of my talk, "Living Neoplatonism," is intentionally ambiguous, for it can refer, first, to Neoplatonism, and the rest. And second, it can refer to the practice of living Neoplatonically as a modern way of life

MacLennan, Bruce

179

Managed Access by Controlled Sensing (MACS)  

SciTech Connect

During chemical weapons challenge inspections, the CWC treaty allows ``alternate means`` of access to be proposed by the nation challenged. BNL`s Safeguards, Safety and Nonproliferation Division is funded by the Defense Nuclear Agency to develop a system to provide the challenge inspection team with a ``virtual presence`` within the facility while denying personal access. A general purpose configuration of a mobile station manned by site personnel and a base station manned by the challenge inspector, supported by a flexible communication system, will allow facility personnel to tailor the basic model to their site. Design of the MACS system is based on maximum use of commercial equipment that is available on the international market. Design requirements for the MACS system include methods of establishing geographical position, distance measuring equipment for use in verifying dimensions on floor plans, video and two-way audio links between the mobile unit and the base station, and portability and versatility of the equipment. The MACS platform will also support deployment of selected instrumentation which the site may offer to the challenge inspection team. This paper describes the design and construction of the prototype MACS system.

Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

1994-08-01

180

Results from the MAC Vertex chamber  

SciTech Connect

The design, construction, and performance characteristics of a high precision gaseous drift chamber made of thin walled proportional tubes are described. The device achieved an average spatial resolution of 45 ..mu..m in use for physics analysis with the MAC detector. The B-lifetime result obtained with this chamber is discussed.

Nelson, H.N.

1987-05-01

181

Swyer-James-MacLeod Syndrome.  

PubMed

This case report describes a patient with Swyer-James-MacLeod Syndrome (SJMS) in an adult male diagnosed on the basis of findings on X-ray chest, high resolution CT (HRCT) of chest and radionuclide perfusion lung scan. This rare syndrome is considered to be an acquired disease due to repeated pneumonias in early childhood. PMID:18460255

Khalil, Kanwal Fatima; Saeed, Waseem

2008-03-01

182

Management Plan David B. MacFarlane  

E-print Network

Management Plan David B. MacFarlane Spokesperson #12;Sept 23, 2004 BABAR Management Plan 2. Senior Management Team (from governance rules) o Technical Coordinator o Physics Analysis Coordinator o and stipulated in the Management Plan. #12;Sept 23, 2004 BABAR Management Plan 3 Senior Management Team

Wechsler, Risa H.

183

Registration Form Girl Guide Day @ Mac  

E-print Network

Registration Form Girl Guide Day @ Mac Pack/Unit Registration Saturday, March 24, 2012 Leader: http://venture.mcmaster.ca Fax: 905-546-5492; Email: vespi@mcmaster.ca Number of Girl Guides Attending: Number of Leaders Attending: Total Fee (Number of Girls x $15) MasterCard VISA Once received, your

Thompson, Michael

184

Evaluation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice with Cornus fruit ( Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract by conventional media and thin agar layer method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Escherichia coli O157:H7 survival in apple juice supplemented with Cornus fruit (Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract was studied. Inoculated samples with or without Cornus fruit extract were kept at 21 and 7C. Microbial analysis was conducted on days 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7. MacConkey sorbitol agar (MSA), tryptic soy agar (TSA), and thin agar layer (TAL) medium were

Vivian C. H. Wu; Xujian Qiu; Y.-H. Peggy Hsieh

2008-01-01

185

Detection of Spoofed MAC Addresses in 802.11 Wireless Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medium Access Control (MAC) address spoofing is considered as an important first step in a hacker's attempt to launch a variety of attacks on 802.11 wireless networks. Unfortunately, MAC address spoofing is hard to detect. Most current spoofing detection systems mainly use the sequence number (SN) tracking technique, which has drawbacks. Firstly, it may lead to an increase in the number of false positives. Secondly, such techniques cannot be used in systems with wireless cards that do not follow standard 802.11 sequence number patterns. Thirdly, attackers can forge sequence numbers, thereby causing the attacks to go undetected. We present a new architecture called WISE GUARD (Wireless Security Guard) for detection of MAC address spoofing on 802.11 wireless LANs. It integrates three detection techniques - SN tracking, Operating System (OS) fingerprinting & tracking and Received Signal Strength (RSS) fingerprinting & tracking. It also includes the fingerprinting of Access Point (AP) parameters as an extension to the OS fingerprinting for detection of AP address spoofing. We have implemented WISE GUARD on a test bed using off-the-shelf wireless devices and open source drivers. Experimental results show that the new design enhances the detection effectiveness and reduces the number of false positives in comparison with current approaches.

Tao, Kai; Li, Jing; Sampalli, Srinivas

186

Screen blanking on the Apple IIe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Screen blanking on the Apple IIe can be controlled by software after an annunciator output is connected to the chip enable\\u000a line (Pin 18) of the character generator (UF4). Using Annunciator 3 gives the same functional results with the Apple IIe as\\u000a does Reeds (1979) hardware modification for the Apple II and Apple II+.

Barry Gordon; Bruce Field

1985-01-01

187

Connecting your Apple to Octopus 7600's  

SciTech Connect

In UCID-19588, Communicating between the Apple and the Wang, we described how to take Apple DOS text files and send them to the Wang, and how to return Wang files to the Apple. It is also possible to use your Apple as an Octopus terminal, and to exchange files with Octopus 7600's. Presumably, you can also talk to the Crays, or any other part of the system. This connection has another virtue. It eliminates one of the terminals in your office.

Barton, G.W. Jr.

1983-01-17

188

The APPL "Learning Map"  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Root Learning, a learning consulting organization with a background in strategic planning, recognizes the knowledge gap that frequently exists between a leadership team and the rest of an organization. Team members supposedly working toward the same goal don't always have the same vision as to where the organization is headed, and they may not understand how the piece they are accountable for fits into the big picture. To address these complex problems, Root Learning utilizes the age-old tools of sarcasm, metaphor and graphics (much in the same way that ASK uses a traditional storytelling format.) The company is best known for creating "Learning Maps" like this one: humorous drawings based on the inner workings of an organization. Their purpose is to put complex topics on the table, to stimulate discussion, and to ultimately give team members a common vision of where the organization is going and what role they personally play in getting there. APPL knows how effective it is to incorporate new and engaging techniques into its knowledge sharing programs. By collaborating with Root Learning, we were able to expand the knowledge of the organization and add one more of these techniques to our repertoire.

2005-01-01

189

Feasibility of utilizing apple pomace  

SciTech Connect

Apple pomace, the solid residue from juice production, is a solid waste problem in the Hudson Valley. This study investigates possibilities for converting it to a resource. The characteristics of the region's apple growing and processing industries are examined at length, including their potential for converting waste biomass. The properties of apple pomace are described. From interviews with Hudson Valley apple processors the following information is presented: quantities of pomace produced; seasonality of production; disposal procedures, costs, and revenues; trends in juice production; and attitudes toward alternatives. Literature research resulted in a list of more than 25 end uses for apple pomace of which eight were selected for analysis. Landfilling, landspreading, composting, animal feed, direct burning, gasification, anaerobic digestion (methane generation), and fermentation (ethanol production) were analyzed with regard to technical availability, regulatory and environmental impact, attitudes toward end use, and energetic and economic feasibility (See Table 19). The study recommends (1) a pilot anaerobic digestion plant be set up, (2) the possibility of extracting methane from the Marlborough landfill be investigated, (3) a study of the mid-Hudson waste conversion potential be conducted, and (4) an education program in alternative waste management be carried out for the region's industrial and agricultural managers.

Stapleton, J.

1983-06-01

190

MACS as a tool for international inspections  

SciTech Connect

General acceptance of the challenge provision in the Chemical Weapons Convention has the potential for influence in other arms control areas. While most applications of the challenge inspection may be straightforward, there may be instances where access to the site by inspectors may be problematic. The MACS system described in this paper was developed to respond to these situations. Inspection and verification may be difficult when a host is unwilling,for valid reasons, to permit physical access to a site. We proposed a system of remote sensors which may be used to demonstrate compliance with Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) challenge inspections even ff the inspector is physically excluded from a sensitive site. The system is based upon alternative-means-of-access provisions of the CWC. The Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) funded design and construction of a system prototype, designated as MACS for Managed Access by Controlled Sensing. Features of the MACS design allow growth of the prototype into a versatile device for international monitoring of production facilities and other sites. MACS consists of instrumentation and communication equipment allowing site personnel to conduct a facility tour and perform acceptable measurements, while physically excluding the inspector from the facility. MACS consists of a base station used by the inspector, and a mobile unit used within the facility and manipulated by the facility staff. The base station and the mobile unit are @ed by a communication system, currently realized as a fiber optic cable. The mobile unit is equipped with television cameras and remote-reading distance-measuring equipment (DME) for use in verifying locations and dimensions. Global Positioning System receivers on the mobile unit provide both precise location and dead reckoning, suitable for tracking the mobile unit`s position while within a building when satellite signals are not available.

Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

1995-06-01

191

Malcolm Guite The Magic Apple Tree  

E-print Network

Malcolm Guite The Magic Apple Tree Someday make a journey through the rain Through sodden streets in darkening December A journey to the magic apple tree. And journey also, darkling, through your past Journey records. You glimpsed it once within the garden wall, The image of an ancient apple tree, The fall

Robertson, Stephen

192

Energy accounting of apple processing operations  

SciTech Connect

A thermal-energy accounting study was conducted at an apple processing plant. An analysis is given of thermal energy use and thermal efficiencies of an apple-juice single-effect evaporator and an apple-sauce cooker. 3 refs.

Romero, R.; Singh, R.P.; Brown, D.

1981-01-01

193

1 | P a g e Student Remote Printing on Mac OS X  

E-print Network

downloading, installing and using the Pharos print client. Please note: Printers are not set to Duplex. There are instructions at the end of this guide to set up duplex printing. To Download and Install the Pharos Print 6. Click Install. This may take some time so please be patient. 7. Click Close once the installation

194

Characterizing the Interaction Between Routing and MAC Protocols in Ad-Hoc Networks  

SciTech Connect

We empirically study the effect of mobility on the performance of protocols designed for wireless ad-hoc networks. An important objective is to study the interaction of the Routing and MAC layer protocols under different mobility parameters. We use three basic mobility models: grid mobility model, random waypoint model, and exponential correlated random model. The performance of protocols is measured in terms of (i) latency, (ii) throughput, (iii) number of packets received, (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC and routing layer level. Three different commonly studied routing protocols are used: AODV, DSR and LAR1. Similarly three well known MAC protocols are used: MACA, 802.1 1 and CSMA. Our main contribution is simulation based experiments coupled with rigorous statistical analysis to characterize the interaction of MAC layer protocols with routing layer protocols in ad-hoc networks. From the results, we can conclude the following: e No single MAC or Routing protocol dominated the other protocols in their class. Probably more interestingly, no MAURouting protocol combination was better than other combinations over all scenarios and response variables. 0 In general, it is not meaningful to speak about a MAC or a routing protocol in isolation. Presence of interaction leads to trade-offs between the amount of control packets generated by each layer. The results raise the possibility of improving the performance of a particular MAC layer protocol by using a cleverly designed routing protocol or vice-versa. Thus in order to improve the performanceof a communication network, it is important to study the entire protocol stack as a single algorithmic construct; optimizing individual layers in the seven layer OS1 stack will not yield performance improvements beyond a point. A methodological contribution of this paper is the use of statistical methods such as analysis of variance (ANOVA), to characterize the interaction between the protocols, mobility patterns and speed. Such methods allow us to analyze complicated experiments with large input space in a systematic manner.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Drozda, M. (Martin); Marathe, A. (Achla); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2002-01-01

195

A MacWilliams type identity for m-spotty generalized Lee weight enumerators over $\\mathbb{Z}_q$ q  

E-print Network

Burst errors are very common in practice. There have been many designs in order to control and correct such errors. Recently, a new class of byte error control codes called spotty byte error control codes has been specifically designed to fit the large capacity memory systems that use high-density random access memory (RAM) chips with input/output data of 8, 16, and 32 bits. The MacWilliams identity describes how the weight enumerator of a linear code and the weight enumerator of its dual code are related. Also, Lee metric which has attracted many researchers due to its applications. In this paper, we combine these two interesting topics and introduce the m-spotty generalized Lee weights and the m-spotty generalized Lee weight enumerators of a code over Z q and prove a MacWilliams type identity. This generalization includes both the case of the identity given in the paper [I. Siap, MacWilliams identity for m-spotty Lee weight enumerators, Appl. Math. Lett. 23 (1) (2010) 13-16] and the identity given in the pa...

Ozen, Mehmet

2012-01-01

196

Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits  

PubMed Central

Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids from fruits and vegetables may play a key role in reducing chronic disease risk. Apples are a widely consumed, rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption of apples with reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes. In the laboratory, apples have been found to have very strong antioxidant activity, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, decrease lipid oxidation, and lower cholesterol. Apples contain a variety of phytochemicals, including quercetin, catechin, phloridzin and chlorogenic acid, all of which are strong antioxidants. The phytochemical composition of apples varies greatly between different varieties of apples, and there are also small changes in phytochemicals during the maturation and ripening of the fruit. Storage has little to no effect on apple phytochemicals, but processing can greatly affect apple phytochemicals. While extensive research exists, a literature review of the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals has not been compiled to summarize this work. The purpose of this paper is to review the most recent literature regarding the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals, phytochemical bioavailability and antioxidant behavior, and the effects of variety, ripening, storage and processing on apple phytochemicals. PMID:15140261

Boyer, Jeanelle; Liu, Rui Hai

2004-01-01

197

Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105: A new FAN of lunar petrology  

SciTech Connect

New lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 represents an exciting new opportunity to study a potentially unsampled region of the Moon. The authors have analyzed six thin sections by electron microprobe and three bulk samples by Instrumental Neutron Activation (INA) in order to determine the chemical characteristics of this new lunar sample. Lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite (FAN) suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts which appear to be of basaltic origin. One of these basaltic clasts (clast E in MAC88105,84) is probably mesostasis material, whereas the second larger clast (clast G) may be similar to the Very Low-Ti (VLT) or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105,69 and ,72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite. There is little evidence of any LKFM (Low-K Fra Mauro or low-K KREEP) contribution to this meteorite, as MAC88104/5 and other brecciated lunar meteorites are Fe-rich and poor in the incompatible elements relative to Apollo 16 regolith and feldspathic breccias. While the exact site of origin for the lunar meteorites cannot be pinpointed, it is evident that they were divided from a relatively KREEP-free ferroan anorthosite terrain.

Neal, C.R. (Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States) Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)); Taylor, L.A. (Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States)); Lui, Yungang; Schmitt, R.A. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

1991-11-01

198

Software Price List Apple Applications  

E-print Network

Software Price List Apple Applications Programming Languages & Databases 800776 FileMakerPro13 to change without notice. Once opened, software is not returnable. unh computer store university of new,proofofpurchaseoftheappropriatelicenseisrequired,andistheresponsibilityoftheusertosupply. PleasevisitthefollowingURLforUNHsoftwaresitelicenseinformation:http://at.unh.edu/clusters/services/software.html Number

199

APPLE SHAPE AND ROLLING ORIENTATION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The ability to orient fruit is needed to fully utilize the capabilities of many commercial sorters for defect and shape detection and general quality sensing. Five apple cultivars, representing a range of shape and size, were observed for their ability to orient (stem-calyx axis horizontal and perp...

200

Cinnamon Muffin 100% Apple Juice  

E-print Network

(Toddlers) 28 29 30 SCHOOL CLOSED MEMORIAL DAY Goldfish Crackers Orange Wedges 8oz Milk (Pre-K) 5oz Milk (Pre-K) 5oz Milk (Toddlers) Goldfish Crackers 4oz Apple Juice 8oz Milk (Pre-K) 5oz Milk (Toddlers) 4oz

Delgado, Mauricio

201

Old Fashioned Baked Apples Ingredients  

E-print Network

/3 cup raisins 1/3 cup slivered almonds 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon nutmeg 1 fresh lemon rind, grated 2 tablespoons lemon juice 1/2 cup honey 1 cup apple juice 4 tablespoons butter whipping cream, raisins, nuts, cinnamon, nutmeg, and lemon peel. Toss to mix well. Divide the filling among the centers

Bashir, Rashid

202

Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fact sheet describes the Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) program. This educational program uses a 34-meter antenna for classroom radio astronomy observations via the Internet. It introduces students from elementary school through high school to the process of science with the goal of improving science literacy among American students.

2008-12-03

203

Plant Disease Lesson: Apple scab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This plant disease lesson on Apple scab (caused by Venturia inaequalis) includes information on symptoms and signs, pathogen biology, disease cycle and epidemiology, disease management, and the significance of the disease. Selected references are listed and a glossary is also available for use with this resource.

Lisa J. Vaillancourt (University of Kentucky; )

2000-10-05

204

Apple Scab of Flowering Crabapples  

E-print Network

leaves and defoliation by early summer. The cause of this problem is a fungus disease known as apple scab is caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis. The fungus lives through the winter within infected leaves. In early spring, spores of the fungus are shot into the air when leaves become wet; spores are then carried

205

APPLE SNAILS AS DISEASE VECTORS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple snails (Ampullariidae) are intermediate hosts of parasites causing at least three diseases in humans: cercarial dermatitis (swimmers itch) caused by trematode cercaria, intestinal problems caused by flukes in the genus Echinostoma, and eosinophilic meningitis caused by the nematode Angiostr...

206

Seed that Apple RND Generator!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides instructions for "seeding" the random number generator (RND) in Apple computer programs. If RND is not seeded, students would see the same examples, questions, graphics features, or other information each time they turn on the microcomputer and run a program. (JN)

Salyer, Darnell

1984-01-01

207

agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report  

E-print Network

1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2009 Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan Apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU AgBioResearch NW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT #1 September 16, 2009 General Comments - This year the NWMHRS will be testing apples

208

agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report  

E-print Network

1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2007 Nikki Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU Ag Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity Line (231) 947-3063 NW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT #1 August

209

Annie Marion MacLean, Feminist Pragmatist and Methodologist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annie Marion MacLean was a major Chicago sociologist and methodologist. She was profoundly influenced by the gendered division of labor in sociology during her era. MacLean combined her work with the men and women of the early Chicago school of sociology and the women of Hull-House, an early social settlement. As a feminist pragmatist, MacLean was both a theorist and

Mary Jo Deegan; Michael R. Hill; Susan L. Wortmann

2009-01-01

210

A MAC-oriented EGP System Design based on AUML  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contraposing the deficiency of design of E-Government Procurement System of China(EGPSC), this paper puts forward a MAC-oriented design methodology based on AUML, which integrates the advantages of Role theory and MAC(Multi-Agent Cooperate)technology, based on advanced AUML(Agent UML)tool. This paper extends Gaia Methodology, including the system requirements analysis based on Role theory, a MAC-oriented System Design Methodology Based on AUML and

Jishan Liu

2010-01-01

211

Interview with Clyde MacDonald (2) by Mike Hastings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biographical NoteClyde MacDonald, Jr. was born in 1929 in Old Orchard Beach, Maine, to Nellie MacDonald and Clyde MacDonald, Sr., who were both of Canadian descent. The oldest of four children, Clyde enlisted in the Army and served in Germany during the Korean War. After his military discharge, he became interested in politics at the local level. He attended Portland

Clyde MacDonald

2008-01-01

212

Green Bean Apple Salad 1. 3 small apples, cored and thinly sliced  

E-print Network

. Black pepper 10. Real lemon juice Slice apples and place in a container with some lemon juice (helps into rings. Mix apples, onions, cucumbers, green beans together. Add a splash of lemon juice, olive oil

Jawitz, James W.

213

7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

2013-01-01

214

7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

2011-01-01

215

7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

2014-01-01

216

7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

2012-01-01

217

Characterization of Apples and Apple Cider Produced by a Guelph Area Orchard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal stability of food-borne pathogens in apple cider is influenced by the composition of the product. As a preliminary step to determine the effect of pasteurization of apple cider on the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7, a study was carried out to characterize apples and unpasteurized apple cider produced by a Guelph area orchard. Samples of commercial unpasteurized cider and

P. Piyasena; M. Rayner; F. M. Bartlett; X. Lu; R. C. McKellar

2002-01-01

218

Cloudy apple juice protects against chemical-induced oxidative stress in rat  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundApples abundant in phenolic compounds show a variety of biological activities that may contribute to beneficial effects against\\u000a some chronic diseases.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PurposeThe aim of our study was to assess the protective effect of cloudy apple juice against chemical-induced oxidative stress in\\u000a rats.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MethodsMale Wistar rats were treated with apple juice per os, 10mL\\/kg\\/day for 28days and with a single dose

Ma?gorzata Kujawska; Ewa Ignatowicz; Ma?gorzata Ewertowska; Jaros?aw Markowski; Jadwiga Jodynis-Liebert

2011-01-01

219

Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) For MACs you cannot directly insert You Tube videos into PowerPoint. First you must convert the file,  

E-print Network

Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) 1 For MACs you cannot directly insert You Tube videos into the Step 1 Box. Click on URL #12;Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) 2 Under Step 2 select mpg. In PowerPoint click on the icon for Media Videos (for MACs

Bushman, Frederic

220

GENETIC FINGERPRINTING OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS ISOLATED FROM HOSPITAL PATIENTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

A particularly pathogenic group of mycobacteria belong to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), which includes M. avium and M. intracellulare. MAC organisms cause disease in children, the elderly, and immuno-compromised individuals. A critical step in preventing MAC infections...

221

Kaolin particle films suppress many apple pests, disrupt natural enemies and promote woolly apple aphid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple applications of hydrophobic kaolin particle film in apple orchards suppressed numbers of blossom weevil (Anthonomus pomorum), brown leaf weevil (Phyllobius oblongus), attelabid weevil (Caenorhinus pauxillus), leafhoppers (Empoasca vitis and Zygina flammigera) and green apple aphid (Aphis pomi) colonies. The kaolin treatments reduced the apple sawfly (Hoplocampa testudinea) fruit infestation on cultivar J. Grieve, and the fruit damage caused by

V. Mark; L. H. M. Blommers; S. Bogya; H. H. M. Helsen

2008-01-01

222

Orienting apples for imaging using their inertial properties and random apple loading  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The inability to control apple orientation during imaging has hindered development of automated systems for sorting apples for defects such as bruises and for safety issues such as fecal contamination. Recently, a potential method for orienting apples based on their inertial properties was discovere...

223

Calcium Transport in Apple Trees  

PubMed Central

45Ca, applied to roots of apple seedlings, moved readily to the developing leaves. Kinetin, benzyladenine, and B sprays increased movement. NO3? as the source of N increased movement and accumulation of Ca into mature leaves; NH4+ increased movement into new leaves. Translocation in the stem is effected by a nonspecific ion exchange. Any divalent cation can free Ca for ascent. The exchange may be a property of lignin. Genetic differences in the uptake and translocation of Ca exist among apple seedlings. Those which show juvenile leaf characteristics translocate Ca into mature leaves more readily. Translocation of Ca in woody species appears to be similar to that reported for herbaceous plants. Images PMID:16657371

Shear, C. B.; Faust, Miklos

1970-01-01

224

HE-MAC: Hop Extended MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, INMC Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea Email, most of MAC Protocols in WSNs exploit low duty cycling. Among those, RMAC [5] allows a node to transmit a data packet for multiple hops in a single duty cycle, which is made possible by exploiting a control

Bahk, Saewoong

225

RIH-MAC: Receiver-Initiated Harvesting-aware MAC for NanoNetworks  

E-print Network

of harvested energy. Through simulation, we show the efficiency of RIH-MAC. 1. INTRODUCTION Nanotechnology, GA, USA Copyright 2014 ACM ACM 978-1-4503-2979-8/14/05 ...$15.00 http://dx.doi.org/10 in nanonetworks. We focus on the THz com- munication mechanism, as it can help nanosensors consume low energy

Weigle, Michele

226

University of Illinois Extension-Schools Online: Apples & More  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This all-about-apples website was created by Schools Online at the University of Illinois Extension. For educators, the Apples & More website presents a collection of apple-related activities in the subject areas of math, art, social studies, literature, and science. In addition, the site contains information sections regarding apple nutrition, facts, varieties, recipes, and apple preservation. The site also offers annotated links for apple history, apple growing, selection and uses, and cider. Site visitors looking for apple orchards will find separate listings for growers in Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin. The site is available in Spanish and English.

227

A Slice of Apple Fly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners build an instrument for catching and observing flies. Learners act as entomologists, attract flies into a jar using a slice of apple, and then observe the flies' behavior. Learners distinguish between male and female flies and study fly reproduction. The learning time for this activity can vary significantly, depending on how long learners want to observe the flies. Learners release the flies outside at the end of the activity.

Bill Nye and Nye Labs, LLC

2001-01-01

228

4.MD Margie Buys Apples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Margie bought 3 apples that cost 50 cents each. She paid with a five-dollar bill. How much change did Margie receive?...

229

Apple cuticle: the perfect interface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The domestic apple might well be called an 'extreme' fruit. In the arid Northwest United States, the fruit often tolerates surface temperatures ranging from -2 C in the early spring to 50 C in the heat of summer, and again to -2 C during controlled postharvest storage for up to 12 months. During its 18-month existence, the apple maintains a cuticle that is dynamic and environmentally responsive to protect against 1) cellular water loss during desiccation stress and 2) excessive uptake of standing surface moisture. Physiological disorders of the peel such as russeting, cracking, splitting, flecking and lenticel marking, develop as epidermal cells respond to rapid changes in ambient conditions at specific developmental stages during the growing season. Resultant market losses underlie research investigating the nature of apple cuticle growth and development. Ultrastructural analysis of the pro-cuticle using scanning electron microscopy indicates an overlapping network of lipid-based distally-elongating microtubules--produced by and connected to epidermal cells--which co-polymerize to form an organic solvent-insoluble semi-permeable cutin matrix. Microtubule elongation, aggregation, and polymerization function together as long as the fruit continues to enlarge. The nature of lipid transport from the epidermal cells through the cell wall to become part of the cuticular matrix was explored using an FEI Helios NanoLabTM DualBeamTM focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope on chemically- and cryo-fixed peel tissue from mature or freshly harvested apples. Based on microtubule dimensions, regular projections found at the cell/cuticle interface suggest an array of microtubule-like structures associated with the epidermal cell.

Curry, Eric; Arey, Bruce

2010-06-01

230

Apple Raisin Bran Muffins Ingredients  

E-print Network

. baking powder 1/2 tsp. baking soda 1/2 tsp. cinnamon 1/4 tsp. salt 1 cup applesauce 1/4 cup vegetable oilApple Raisin Bran Muffins Ingredients: 1 3/4 cups whole wheat flour 1 cup brown sugar 1/2 tsp, and salt and mix well. Set aside. In medium bowl, combine applesauce and oil. 2. Crack the egg into a clean

Liskiewicz, Maciej

231

Recombinant DNA Technology in Apple  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review summarizes the achievements of almost 20years of recombinant DNA technology applied\\u000a to apple, grouping the research results into the sections: developing the technology, insect resistance,\\u000a fungal disease resistance, self-incompatibility, herbicide resistance, fire blight resistance, fruit ripening,\\u000a allergens, rooting ability, and acceptance and risk assessment. The diseases fire blight, caused by Erwinia amylovora, and scab, caused by Venturia inaequalis,

Cesare Gessler; Andrea Patocchi

232

Alan M. MacEachren, Anthony Robinson, Susan Hopper, Steven Gardner, Robert Murray, and Mark Gahegan,  

E-print Network

____________________________________________________ Alan M. MacEachren, Anthony Robinson, Susan WWhhaatt WWee NNeeeedd ttoo KKnnooww Alan M. MacEachren, Anthony Robinson, Susan Hopper, Steven Gardner

Klippel, Alexander

233

An Enhanced Multiple-Feedback Algorithm for RFID MAC Protocols  

E-print Network

into two categories depending on the sequence of collision resolution process (CRP): depth-first-search MSA(DMSA) into RFID MAC protocols. The (E)MFA running on top of the DMSA1 skeleton structure utilizes a novel approach in which the reader broadcasts 1 [4]-[6] are the special case of DMSA where m = 2, a fixed binary tree MAC

Roy, Sumit

234

A Power Control MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks  

E-print Network

A Power Control MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks Eun-Sun Jung Dept. of Computer Science Texas A This paper presents a power control MAC protocol that al- lows nodes to vary transmit power level on a per-packet ba- sis. Several researchers have proposed simple modifications of IEEE 802.11 to incorporate power

235

Performance Analysis of S-MAC Protocol with Hidden Terminals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This letter proposes a model that allows the effects of hidden terminals on the performance of the S-MAC protocol to be assessed. The model is used to analyze the impact of the number of hidden terminals on the service delay and throughput of the MAC layer. Simulation results show good agreement with our analytical results, which validates the accuracy of our model.

Chen, Hao

236

Hybrid cooperative MAC protocol for wireless ad hoc networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose hybrid cooperative medium access control (MAC) protocol that adaptively uses single relay path or two relay paths for enhanced throughput and delay performance under fast Rayleigh fading conditions. The proposed protocol, termed as 2rcMAC, invokes two best relay (cooperating) paths for improved spatial diversity that offer higher transmission rate compared to the direct transmission path.

Murad Khalid; Yufeng Wang; In-ho Ra; Ravi Sankar

2012-01-01

237

On the orthogonality of the MacDonald s functions  

SciTech Connect

A proof of an orthogonality relation for the MacDonald's functions with identical arguments but unequal complex lower indices is presented. The orthogonality is derived first via a heuristic approach based on the Mehler-Fock integral transform of the MacDonald's functions, and then proved rigorously using a polynomial approximation procedure.

Passian, Ali [ORNL; Simpson, Henry [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Koucheckian, Sherwin [University of South Florida, Tampa; Yakubovich, Semyon [University of Porto, Portugal

2009-01-01

238

REGIONAL ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX(MAC)  

EPA Science Inventory

There is accumulating evidence that potable water is a source of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). The linkage of mycobacteriosis to drinking water has been shown in AIDS populations where up to 8% of deaths in this group is attributed to MAC. Infection with these organisms ha...

239

Revised: 3.28.20144 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for iOS devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses  

E-print Network

Revised: 3.28.20144 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for i the app, go to the Apple App Store and search for Blackboard Mobile Learn 2. Once you have downloaded of 3 9. Press Buy to complete activation of the Blackboard Mobile Learn app For technical assistance

Qiu, Weigang

240

McCay ("Mac") Vernon (1928-2013).  

PubMed

McCay ("Mac") Vernon, the founding and preeminent psychologist in the field of deafness. Mac was born at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, DC, into a military family on October 14, 1928 and died on August 28, 2013, at the age of 84. Prior to Mac, research and clinical direction in the field were sparse. Mac became the icon for psychological services for deaf people, and his work extended into the education of deaf children, forensic and ethical practices with the deaf, and public understanding of deafness as a disability and of deaf persons as a psychosocial minority group. Mac will also be remembered for his sharp intellect, good humor, compassion, and advocacy for those who are misunderstood. PMID:25197842

Sherman, William A

2014-09-01

241

A Sensing Error Aware MAC Protocol for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

Cognitive radios (CR) are intelligent radio devices that can sense the radio environment and adapt to changes in the radio environment. Spectrum sensing and spectrum access are the two key CR functions. In this paper, we present a spectrum sensing error aware MAC protocol for a CR network collocated with multiple primary networks. We explicitly consider both types of sensing errors in the CR MAC design, since such errors are inevitable for practical spectrum sensors and more important, such errors could have significant impact on the performance of the CR MAC protocol. Two spectrum sensing polices are presented, with which secondary users collaboratively sense the licensed channels. The sensing policies are then incorporated into p-Persistent CSMA to coordinate opportunistic spectrum access for CR network users. We present an analysis of the interference and throughput performance of the proposed CR MAC, and find the analysis highly accurate in our simulation studies. The proposed sensing error aware CR MAC p...

Hu, Donglin

2011-01-01

242

Challenges for Dynamic Analysis of iOS Applications Martin Szydlowski1, Manuel Egele2, Christopher Kruegel2, and  

E-print Network

party applications for their iPhones. Nowadays, all devices running iOS (i.e., iPhone, iPod Touch, and i to the iPhone De- veloper Program License Agreement [3] are available on the AppStore. How- ever, anecdotal's privacy [6, 16], or provide functionality that was prohibited by the license agreement [26]. After Apple

Vigna, Giovanni

243

LA-MAC: A Load Adaptive MAC Protocol for MANETs Weihong Hu Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh  

E-print Network

-Output (MIMO) Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP) software defined radio nodes. We program the PHY layer Terms--Software Defined Radio, USRP, GNU Radio, Hybrid MAC, CSMA, TDMA, MANET. I. INTRODUCTION Over of USRP nodes using GNU Radio and integrate LA-MAC with the PHY layer implementation of USRP. Through

Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

244

Clinical and Immunologic Features of an Atypical Intracranial Mycobacterium avium Complex (MAC) Infection Compared with Those of Pulmonary MAC Infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Members of the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) may cause chronic pulmonary infections in otherwise healthy elderly persons but rarely invade parts of the body outside of the lungs in immunocompetent hosts. We present a case of an isolated intracranial MAC infection in an apparently immunocompetent individual and review previous reports. We studied the T-cell and monocyte responses in healthy volunteers,

Mouhannad Sadek; Feng Yun Yue; Erika Yue Lee; Gabor Gyenes; R. Brad Jones; Victor Hoffstein; David G. Munoz; Ignatius Fong; Mario Ostrowski

2008-01-01

245

Prediction of Apple Quality by Optical Properties  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Optical properties (i.e., absorption and scattering) are useful for assessing the internal quality of apples such as firmness and soluble solids content (SSC). A spatially-resolved hyperspectral imaging technique was developed to measure the optical properties of apples for predicting fruit firmness...

246

The apple genome: ripe for harvest  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

An international consortium of plant report sequencing of the cultivated apple (Malus x domestica) genome (Velasco et al., this issue). Apples are among the most widely grown and consumed fruits in temperate regions of the world. This is in part due to years of extensive breeding and selection the ...

247

Production of alcohol from apple pomace  

SciTech Connect

Production of ethyl alcohol from apple pomace with a Montrachet strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is described. More than 43 grams of the ethyl alcohol could be produced per kg of apple pomace fermented at 30 degrees Celcius in 24 hours. The fermentation efficiency of this process was approximately 89%. (Refs. 9).

Hang, Y.D.; Lee, C.Y.; Woodams, E.E.; Cooley, H.J.

1981-12-01

248

Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do?  

E-print Network

1 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Cedar Quince Rust Controlling European Red Mites trees and #12;2 bright, red-orange spots on apple leaves. Cedar quince rust often goes unnoticed both blocks that are most disease prone. Ida red, Jonathan, and Romes are "good" trees to inspect for disease

Ginzel, Matthew

249

Regulation of skin color in apples  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature of the regulation of color in apple skin is reviewed and compared with current knowledge of the regulation of flower color.Color in apple skin is a blend of various amounts of chlorophyll, carotenoids, and anthocyanins\\/flavonols. A variety of red colors are produced by cyanidin glycosides copigmented with flavonols and other compounds. The concentration and identification of flavonols, proanthocyanidins,

J. E. Lancaster; Donald K. Dougall

1992-01-01

250

SED/Apple Computer, Inc., Partnership Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, the New York State Education Department (SED), Apple Computer, Inc., Boards of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES), and school districts formed a partnership to explore the contribution technology can make to schools based on Apple Computer's Learning Society and SED's Long-Range Plan for Technology in Elementary and Secondary

Stoll, Peter F.

1991-01-01

251

Determination of copper in clarified apple juices.  

PubMed

Inorganic copper compounds are not considered as synthetic fertilizers for apple trees as they are traditional fertilizers. Thus, they are used in organic farming for soil or foliar applications. The European Union is for health reasons interested in reducing copper in apple orchards. Because the fertilizer application rate affects the nutrition of apples, the applied copper might also be reflected in the copper concentration of apple juices. Thus, the determination of copper is of concern for investigating the application of copper-containing fertilizers. Samples of clarified apple juice commercially available in the European market were analyzed for their copper content. Prior to quantification by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, the juices were processed by a microwave-assisted digestion system using HNO(3). All samples were also measured directly after dilution with HNO(3). The copper concentrations measured using both methods were all below the limit of detection (17 microg/L). PMID:20158210

Zeiner, Michaela; Juranovi? Cindri?, Iva; Krppl, Michaela; Stingeder, Gerhard

2010-03-24

252

agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report  

E-print Network

1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2008 Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU AgBioResearch Current pricing information can be obtained at the following web sites: http://www.bhfm.com/ NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple

253

agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report  

E-print Network

1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2006 Jim Project GREEEN Michigan State Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple sites: www.ams.usda.gov/marketnews.htm www.bhfm.com NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity

254

SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 1 August 25, 2010  

E-print Network

SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 1 ­ August 25, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown-Rytlewski, and Mark Longstroth Michigan State University This is the first of weekly apple maturity report for SW. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including

255

agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report  

E-print Network

1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2005 Jim Project GREEEN Michigan State Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple sites: www.ams.usda.gov/marketnews.htm www.bhfm.com NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity

256

Apple Defect Segmentation by Artificial Neural Networks Devrim Unay a  

E-print Network

Apple Defect Segmentation by Artificial Neural Networks Devrim Unay a Bernard Gosselin a a TCTS Lab-colored apple fruits performed by several artificial neural networks. Pixel-wise classification approach apple defects. 1 Introduction Quality of apple fruits depends on size, color, shape and presence

Dupont, Stphane

257

Introduction to Apple Mail with IMAP Version 4 October 2008  

E-print Network

Introduction to Apple Mail with IMAP Version 4 October 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology #12;Apple Mail Quick Start Guide Page 2 Getting Started This Quick Start class assumes that: 1. Apple Mail is configured for use at MIT. If you need help with configuration please see Apple Mail at MIT

Gabrieli, John

258

ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE CO  

E-print Network

ADIOS ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE CO NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY TABLES ADIOS - ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE COMPUTER TABLE FOR CONTENTS Page I Module and Apple Card (Photograph) Figure 3 Complete Apple/ADIOS System (Photograph) Figure 4 Analog

Groppi, Christopher

259

Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15  

E-print Network

Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15 Following are the 2014/15 priorities of the Michigan Apple Committee. (In priority order.) 1. Increase demand To conduct consumer related research that will help sell Michigan Apples more profitably. a. Market research b. Value ­ convenience, apples versus

Douches, David S.

260

Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105 - A new 'FAN' of lunar petrology. [ferroan anorthosite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To determine the chemical characteristics of the MAC88104/5 meteorite six thin sections and three bulk samples were analyzed by electron microprobe and instrumental neutron activation. It is concluded that this meteorite is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts of basaltic origin. It is suggested that one of these basaltic clasts, clast E, is mesostasis material, and clast G is similar to the very low-Ti or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105, 69, and 72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite.

Neal, Clive R.; Taylor, Lawrence A.; Lui, Yun-Gang; Schmitt, Roman A.

1991-01-01

261

PEOPLE IN PHYSICS: Newton's apple  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This essay has a long history. It was triggered at university by one of my tutors describing the dispute between Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton. He conjured up an image of Newton sitting at his desk doing calculations while Hooke went down mineshafts trying to detect a change in the strength of gravity. To someone who was finding the maths content of a physics degree somewhat challenging this was a symbolic image. I believe that the story of Newton and the apple illustrates the complex nature of scientific discovery.

Sandford Smith, Daniel

1997-03-01

262

A ferroan region of the lunar highlands as recorded in meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105  

SciTech Connect

MacAlpine Hills 88104 and 88105 (MAC88104/5) are paired meteorites of noritic anorthosite composition from the lunar highlands. MAC88105 is a breccia composed mainly of melt-breccia clasts in a fine-grained, fragmental, and partly glassy matrix. The most abundant melt lithologies are feldspathic and are similar in composition to the bulk meteorite. Other melt lithologies include feldspathic melt rocks, mafic melt breccias, and a rare melt breccia relatively enriched in incompatible trace elements. Subordinate lithic clasts are granulitic breccias and ferroan (relatively low Mg/(Mg + Fe)) igneous lithologies, including troctolitic anorthosite, anorthositic norite, gabbronorite, and anorthosite. Igneous clasts having mafic mineral compositions more magnesian than Fo{sub 55} and En{sub 60} were not observed. Rare fragments of glass spheres and shards as well as glass clasts indicate that the meteorite was derived from an immature regolith. The bulk composition of MAC88105 is characterized by a molar Mg/(Mg + Fe) ratio of 0.62, at the extreme low end of the range for meteorites from the lunar highlands. Its low concentrations of incompatible trace elements and feldspathic bulk composition (29% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), suggests that it, like the other lunar meteorites, formed at a site far removed from the areas sampled by the Apollo missions. Similarities in mineral compositions among the different lithologies of the breccia and the distribution of mineral fragments suggest that most components of the meteorite were derived from a crustal section dominated by material with a noritic anorthosite composition and an affinity of the ferroan suite of plutonic rocks.

Jolliff, B.L.; Korotev, R.L.; Haskin, L.A. (Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States))

1991-11-01

263

PC vs. Mac--Which Way Should You Go?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the factors in hardware, software, and administration to consider in developing specifications for choosing a computer operating system. Compares Microsoft Windows 95/NT that runs on PC/Intel-based systems and System 7.5 that runs on the Apple-based systems. Lists reasons why the Microsoft platform clearly stands above the Apple platform.

Wodarz, Nan

1997-01-01

264

MacGillivray Freeman's Coral Reef Adventure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extensive educational resource from MacGillivray Freeman Films is aimed at assisting educators of grades 4-8 who are interested in teaching about the scientific and social aspects of reefs. Funded by the National Science Foundation and the National Wildlife Federation, among others, the film and the Teacher's Guide are not only very valuable, they are also linked to national science education standards. And, while there is an easy-to-use theater listing for teachers wishing to take their students, the seven lessons in the guide can be downloaded and used without needing to see the film first, or at all. Also included are resources on how to become a Coral Crusader as well as reading lists for books and field guides related to reefs which are separated into various reading levels, including adults.

265

A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell  

E-print Network

A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell Information Security Group circumstances, enables a more efficient attack than was previously known to be launched against the ANSI retail with the message. 1.1 The ANSI retail MAC The ANSI retail MAC scheme [1], otherwise known as CBC-MAC-Y or ISO

Mitchell, Chris

266

Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop  

E-print Network

Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop maturity. Flesh firmness, as measured with a pressure gauge, determines how long apples can adequate firmness for fresh market or processing uses. A second common assay for apple maturity

267

Susceptibility of fruit from diverse apple and crabapple germplasm to attack from apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) is a pest of major concern to apple, Malus x domestica (Borkh.) production in eastern North America. Host-plant resistance to apple maggot among apple germplasm has been previously evaluated among a small number of exotic Malus accessions and domestic hyb...

268

PAD-MAC: Primary User Activity-Aware Distributed MAC for Multi-Channel Cognitive Radio Networks.  

PubMed

Cognitive radio (CR) has emerged as a promising technology to solve problems related to spectrum scarcity and provides a ubiquitous wireless access environment. CR-enabled secondary users (SUs) exploit spectrum white spaces opportunistically and immediately vacate the acquired licensed channels as primary users (PUs) arrive. Accessing the licensed channels without the prior knowledge of PU traffic patterns causes severe throughput degradation due to excessive channel switching and PU-to-SU collisions. Therefore, it is significantly important to design a PU activity-aware medium access control (MAC) protocol for cognitive radio networks (CRNs). In this paper, we first propose a licensed channel usage pattern identification scheme, based on a two-state Markov model, and then estimate the future idle slots using previous observations of the channels. Furthermore, based on these past observations, we compute the rank of each available licensed channel that gives SU transmission success assessment during the estimated idle slot. Secondly, we propose a PU activity-aware distributed MAC (PAD-MAC) protocol for heterogeneous multi-channel CRNs that selects the best channel for each SU to enhance its throughput. PAD-MAC controls SU activities by allowing them to exploit the licensed channels only for the duration of estimated idle slots and enables predictive and fast channel switching. To evaluate the performance of the proposed PAD-MAC, we compare it with the distributed QoS-aware MAC (QC-MAC) and listen-before-talk MAC schemes. Extensive numerical results show the significant improvements of the PAD-MAC in terms of the SU throughput, SU channel switching rate and PU-to-SU collision rate. PMID:25831084

Ali, Amjad; Piran, Md Jalil; Kim, Hansoo; Yun, Jihyeok; Suh, Doug Young

2015-01-01

269

Evaluation of Reference Genes for the Relative Quantification of Apple stem grooving virus and Apple mosaic virus in Apple Trees.  

PubMed

A SYBR Green()-based one step RT-qPCR assay was developed for the detection and quantification of Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) and Apple mosaic virus (ApMV). The RT-qPCR assay employed seven plant-expressed genes-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), 18S ribosomal RNA, ubiquitin, ribosomal protein S19, Rubisco, RNA polymerase subunit II and ?-actin-as internal reference housekeeping genes in a relative quantification system in three apple cultivars (i.e. Idared, Champion, Fragrance). The average expression stability (M) found by GeNorm software suggest that GAPDH and S19 were the most stable reference genes. We propose employing GAPDH and S19 as housekeeping genes for accurate quantification of ASGV and ApMV in apple leaf samples. The detection limit for both viruses was found around 70 copies of viral genome by one-step RT-qPCR. PMID:23730001

Gadiou, S; Kundu, J K

2012-06-01

270

Adobe Product Installation Mac Using the Casper Portal  

E-print Network

Adobe Product Installation ­ Mac Computers Using the Casper Portal 1. Launch the Casper Self Application folder. (FYI, the product will no longer appear on the portal list once you have downloaded it

Blackwell, Keith

271

Frank MacFarlane Burnet: two personal views.  

PubMed

In honor of the fiftieth anniversary of Frank MacFarlane Burnet's presentation of the clonal selection theory, two of his former staff reminisce about their interactions with this Nobel prize-winning scientist. PMID:17242678

Fenner, Frank; Ada, Gordon

2007-02-01

272

Operational effectiveness of a Multiple Aquila Control System (MACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operational effectiveness of a multiple aquila control system (MACS) was examined under a variety of remotely piloted vehicle (RPV) mission configurations. The set of assumptions and inputs used to form the rules under which a computerized simulation of MACS was run is given. The characteristics that are to govern MACS operations include: the battlefield environment that generates the requests for RPV missions, operating time-lines of the RPV-peculiar equipment, maintenance requirements, and vulnerability to enemy fire. The number of RPV missions and the number of operation days are discussed. Command, control, and communication data rates are estimated by determining how many messages are passed and what information is necessary in them to support ground coordination between MACS sections.

Brown, R. W.; Flynn, J. D.; Frey, M. R.

1983-01-01

273

MacSPOC: Orbital trajectory calculations on a laptop computer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbital trajectory calculations on a laptop computer are presented in the form of the viewgraphs. The following subject areas are covered: laptop computing in the Space Shuttle program; current laptop prototyping with MacSPOC; future laptop applications; and summary.

Adamo, Dan

1991-01-01

274

MacWilliams identities for codes on graphs  

E-print Network

The MacWilliams identity for linear time-invariant convolutional codes that has recently been found by Gluesing-Luerssen and Schneider is proved concisely, and generalized to arbitrary group codes on graphs. A similar ...

Forney, G. David, Jr.

275

Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To help increase the capacity and efficiency of the nation s airports, a secure wideband wireless communications system is proposed for use on the airport surface. This paper provides an overview of the research and development process for the Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS). AeroMACS is based on a specific commercial profile of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.16 standard known as Wireless Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access or WiMAX (WiMax Forum). The paper includes background on the need for global interoperability in air/ground data communications, describes potential AeroMACS applications, addresses allocated frequency spectrum constraints, summarizes the international standardization process, and provides findings and recommendations from the world s first AeroMACS prototype implemented in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Budinger, James M.; Hall, Edward

2011-01-01

276

Thomas MacLaren Collection of Architectural Drawings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thomas MacLaren wandered around England, Italy, Scotland, Switzerland, and other far-flung provinces between 1880 and 1891. MacLaren received his formal education at the Royal Academy of London and then moved to Colorado, where he designed dozens of recognizable buildings. After he passed away in 1928, he left his estate to the University of Colorado in the hope that it would lead to the establishment of an architecture department. This came to pass, and along with it came this wonderful digital collection of MacLaren's drawings. Visitors to the site can look over 220 drawings executed by MacLaren, including renderings of abbey farm houses in England and the gorgeous campanile at St. Mark's Basilica. The images are large and high-quality, which makes examining them a treat for architecture students, art aficionados, and the more generally curious.

277

Improvement of GPON MAC Protocol for IP TV Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

PON (passive optical network) is the most promising technology applicable to TPS (triple play service). To improve processing the packet, MAC (multiple access control) is the most important technology in the PON. The core of MAC is DBA(dynamic bandwidth assignment), it classifies SR-DBA (status report DBA) and NSR-DBA (non status report DBA). However, it's bad in network efficiency because GPON

Seung-Kun Lee; Jong-Wook Jang; Moon-Han Bae

2008-01-01

278

Conformal holonomy in MacDowell-Mansouri gravity  

SciTech Connect

The MacDowell-Mansouri formulation of general relativity is based on a gauge theory whose gauge algebra depends on the sign of the cosmological constant. In this article, we show that the gauge algebra is uniquely determined by the conformal structure of spacetime itself. Specifically, we show that in vacuum: the spacetime conformal holonomy algebra coincides with the MacDowell-Mansouri gauge algebra for both signs of the cosmological constant, in both Lorentzian and Euclidean metric signatures.

Reid, James A., E-mail: j.a.reid@abdn.ac.uk [SUPA Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UE (United Kingdom); Wang, Charles H.-T., E-mail: c.wang@abdn.ac.uk [SUPA Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UE (United Kingdom); STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2014-03-15

279

An Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes S-MAC, a medium-access control (MAC) protocol designed for wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks use battery-operated computing and sensing devices. A network of these devices will collaborate for a common application such as environmental monitoring. We expect sensor networks to be deployed in an ad hoc fashion, with individual nodes remaining largely inactive for long periods of

Wei Ye; John S. Heidemann; Deborah Estrin

2002-01-01

280

4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 1/12  

E-print Network

4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 1 5. Run the installer #12;4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 2/12 6. Click "Continue" on the Welcome screen 4. Click "Continue" on the SLA screen #12

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

281

[sup 187]Os-[sup 186]Os and [sup 187]Os-[sup 188]Os method of dating: An introduction  

SciTech Connect

A Re-containing sample is irradiated with thermal neutrons in a nuclear reactor. The following reactions occur with high cross sections: [sup 185]Re(n, [gamma])[sup 186]Re and [sup 187]Re(n, [gamma])[sup 188]Re. Both [sup 186]Re (half-life 90.6 h) and [sup 188]Re (16.7 h) [beta]-decay to the stable isotopes [sup 186]Os and [sup 188]Os. Thus [sup 186]Os and [sup 188]Os are enriched in proportion to the neutron fluence and R/Os ratio of the sample being irradiated. Analyzing merely the isotopic composition of the sample, the authors get two ages that should be consistent. In one irradiated molybdenite sample from Kingsgate molybdenum mine in New South Wales, Australia, the measured [sup 186]Os/[sup 192]Os and [sup 188]Os/[sup 192]Os are 0.3284 and 0.6299, whereas in an unirradiated sample they are assumed to be 0.0390 and 0.3248. These ratios are measurable with negative thermal ionization mass spectrometry (N-TIMS) to a precision of 1[per thousand]. The derived ages for this sample are t[sub 186] = 220.5 [+-] 8.6 Ma and t[sub 188] = 214.9 [+-] 8.9 Ma, respectively (or [+-] 1.4 Ma and [+-] 1.7 Ma, respectively, when excluding the uncertainty of [sup 187]Re half-life). These values are in close agreement with the 221--238 Ma K-Ar ages of the leucogranites emplacement that causes the Mo mineralization at Kingsgate. The major limiting factor on the precision of this age determination is the uncertainty in the half-life of [sup 187]Re. The errors associated with the irradiation parameters are greatly reduced by choosing an appropriate neutron flux monitor. The advantage of this method is that the Re/Os ratio is determined on the same sample and that only one measurement of the isotope composition of osmium is required, thus overcoming some of the experimental difficulties of the conventional Re-Os analysis. The problem of sample inhomogeneity and the need to measure the absolute concentrations of rhenium and osmium are thus eliminated. 30 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Yin, Q.Z.; Jagoutz, E.; Waenke, H. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany)); Verkhovskiy, A.B. (The Open Univ., Milton Keynes (United Kingdom))

1993-08-01

282

Metabolomic Change Precedes Apple Superficial Scald Symptoms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Metabolic profiling of 621 metabolites was employed to characterize metabolomic changes associated with Granny Smith apple superficial scald development following 1-MCP or DPA treatment. Partial least squares-discriminant analyses were used to link metabolites with scald, postharvest treatments, ...

283

Metasedimentary Rocks at the Apple Creek Formation  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS scientist Art Bookstrom looks at puzzling sedimentary structures in metasedimentary rocks of the Apple Creek Formation, near the Jackass prospect, near Iron Creek, in the southeastern part of the Idaho cobalt belt, in east-central Idaho....

284

Open vs. closed Apple music distribution platform  

E-print Network

In this thesis, based on the example case study of the Apple iTunes-iPods platform technology, two simple models are analyzed to gain a better understanding of open vs. closed business models as management and market ...

Aye, Thida, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

285

Ergonomic evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard  

SciTech Connect

This study presents an evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard based on subjective preference and observed joint angles during typing. Thirty five keyboard users were asked to use the Apple adjustable keyboard for 7--14 days and rate the various characteristics of the keyboard. Our findings suggest that the most preferred opening angles range from 11--20{degree}. The mean ulnar deviation on the Apple Adjustable keyboard is 11{degree}, compared to 16{degree} on the standard keyboard. The mean extension was decreased from 24{degree} to 16{degree} when using the adjustable keyboard. When asked to subjectively rate the adjustable keyboard in comparison to the standard, the average subject felt that the Apple Adjustable Keyboard was more comfortable and easier to use than the standard flat keyboard.

Tittiranonda, P.; Burastero, S.; Shih, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Rempel, D. [University of California Berkeley/San Francisco (United States). Ergonomics Laboratory

1994-05-01

286

Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) project as a way of teaching astronomy concepts to middle school students. The project provides students opportunities to work with professional scientists. (SOE)

Ibe, Mary; MacLaren, Dave

2003-01-01

287

Production of apple snail for space diet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For food production in space at recycling bio-elements under closed environment, appropriate organisms should be chosen to drive the closed materials recycle loop. We propose a combination of green algae, photosynthetic protozoa, and aquatic plants such as Wolffia spp., for the primary producer fixing solar energy to chemical form in biomass, and apple snail, Pomacea bridgesii, which converts this biomass to animal meat. Because of high proliferation rate of green algae or protozoa compared to higher plants, and direct conversion of them to apple snail, the efficiency of food production in this combination is high, in terms of energy usage, space for rearing, and yield of edible biomass. Furthermore, green algae and apple snail can form a closed ecological system with exchanging bio-elements between two member, i.e. excreta of snail turn to fertilizer of algae, and grown algae become feed for snail. Since apple snail stays in water or on wet substrate, control of rearing is easy to make. Mass production technology of apple snail has been well established to utilize it as human food. Nutrients of apple snail are also listed in the standard tables of food composition in Japan. Nutrients for 100 g of apple snail canned in brine are energy 340 kJ, protein 16.5 g, lipid 1.0 g, cholesterol 240 mg, carbohydrate 0.8 g, Ca 400 mg, Fe 3.9 mg, Zn 1.5 mg. It is rich in minerals, especially Ca and Fe. Vitamin contents are quite low, but K 0.005 mg, B2 0.09 mg, B12 0.0006 mg, folate 0.001 mg, and E 0.6 mg. The amino acid score of apple snail could not be found in literature. Overall, apple snail provides rich protein and animal lipid such as cholesterol. It could be a good source of minerals. However, it does not give enough vitamin D and B12 , which are supposed to be supplemented by animal origin foods. In terms of acceptance in food culture, escargot is a gourmet menu in French dishes, and six to ten snail, roughly 50 g, are served for one person. Apple snail reaches to 30 g of body weight within two or three month from its egg. Several hundreds of egg are laid by one snail. It start egg laying after three months from hatching. In order to harvest 50 g for every day's meal, 3 m2 is required for rearing space. Eating apple snail and establishing its rearing system might save the food crisis on Earth.

Yamashita, Masamichi; Motoki, Shigeru; Space Agriculture Task Force, J.; Katayama, Naomi

288

Apple II\\/FIRST-Corvus networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our Apple II\\/FIRST hardware-software configuration is a cost-effective, powerful, and efficient system for experimental control,\\u000a data collection, and signal analysis of research in conditioning, neurophysiology, psychopharmacology, and psychophysiology.\\u000a The present report describes the enhancement of our data-processing capabilities by the addition of peripheral hardware configured\\u000a to form Corvus multiplexer networks. These networks have transformed our array of Apple II\\/FIRST systems

Beverly Marshall-Goodell; I. Gormezano

1985-01-01

289

Dextransucrase Stability in Cashew Apple Juice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of agriculture waste as substrate for biotechnological process became an interesting alternative to reduce production\\u000a costs and the negative impact of agricultural wastes disposal in the environment. In Brazil, cashew tree cultivation is done\\u000a aiming the cashew nut production, and tons of cashew apples are wasted in the field after the nut removal. Thus, cashew apple\\u000a juice can

Talita L. Honorato; Sueli Rodrigues

2010-01-01

290

Microsoft vs. Apple: Tech-support showdown  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yet one more installment in the Microsoft versus Apple debate, this article by CNet reviews the two biggies in terms of tech support, giving report cards on standard documentation, online help, and phone support. The results? Both companies get a "B" overall, with Microsoft proving better for customers with more advanced or complex queries and Apple better for those who have more basic questions when they first receive a product.

Lake, Matt.

291

Borers in New Hampshire Apple Trees Several species of insects bore into New Hampshire apple trees, including roundheaded apple tree borer,  

E-print Network

Borers in New Hampshire Apple Trees Several species of insects bore into New Hampshire apple trees of the insects. Roundheaded apple-tree borer (RHATB) Saperda candida Fab. This is the most serious borer in New and mountain ash are all major hosts of this species. They can be sources of the beetles. 2. Paint the lower

New Hampshire, University of

292

Characterization of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus bacteriophage MAC-1.  

PubMed

The bacteriophage MAC-1, which specifically infects Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus, was plaque purified and raised to high titre. The phage was purified by NaCl/polyethylene glycol precipitation, followed by two cycles of isopycnic density gradient centrifugation in CsCl. The purified phage exhibited a density of 1.363 g cm-3 and a sedimentation coefficient of 94S. Nucleic acid isolated from purified phage was resistant to hydrolysis under alkaline conditions and to digestion with RNAase, but it was hydrolysed by DNAase, providing evidence that the phage genome is made up of DNA. The lack of hyperchromic effect upon denaturation, hydrolysis of phage DNA by S1 nuclease, characteristic fluorescent staining with acridine orange, and resistance to digestion with a variety of restriction endonucleases are consistent with the DNA being single-stranded. A buoyant density of 1.722 g cm-3 and a sedimentation coefficient of 17.9S were obtained for the phage DNA. The molecular mass of phage DNA was determined as 1.58 MDa by agarose gel electrophoresis with single-stranded DNA as standards. Electron microscopy of the DNA showed that the genome is circular in nature. In addition, using Southern blots, the two replicative forms, RF1 (supercoiled) and RF2 (circular) have been identified and isolated from infected cell extracts. PMID:3446745

Roberts, R C; Keefer, M A; Ranu, R S

1987-11-01

293

Constructing AppleWorks Data Base Files for the Apple IIe Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This step-by-step guide to creating database files using the AppleWorks software on the Apple IIe computer covers (1) loading the program; (2) adding files to the desktop; (3) selecting the database option; (4) naming the file; (5) naming categories or fields; (6) inserting data; (7) changing database file formats; (8) altering the file layout;

Schlenker, Richard M.

294

Constructing AppleWorks Word Processing Files for the Apple IIe Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This step-by-step guide to constructing word processing files using the AppleWorks software on the Apple IIe computer covers (1) loading the program; (2) adding files to the desktop; (3) selecting the word processor option; (4) naming the file; (5) setting tabs; (6) selecting print options; and (7) saving the file. Sixteen sample screen displays

Schlenker, Richard M.

295

Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the  

E-print Network

Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the bacterium Erwinia appearance of branches, leaves, fruit, and blossoms following a fire blight infection. The pathogen, wet conditions. Are conditions right for fire blight? Forecast models for fire blight available

296

Echo360's Personal Capture (for Macs) Lecture Recording  

E-print Network

. To stop or pause the recording, click the icon on the Dock or press "Apple key 8" to stop and "Apple key 6 of recordings on the EchoSystem portal. 9. If you wish to save your recording to a USB stick, browse to your. and you can drag this file to your USB drive. EchoSystem User Support: To learn more about Echo

Viglas, Anastasios

297

187Os/186Os in Lunar and Meteoritic Materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The unique potentiallity of the ^187Re-^1870s radiochronometer stems from the chemical properties of the 2 elements. Their siderophilic nature has made the dating of the metal phase of iron meteorites and chondrites possible [1,2]. In silicate crystallization or melting, Os behaves as a strongly compatible element [3]. For Re the results hereunder show that its behavior is highly variable, depending on context. The development of the highly sensitive negative thermal ionization mass spectrometry [4,5] made possible the extensive analysis of silicate materials. We developed a chemical separation method allowing the analysis of 0,5 g of silicate with an Os blank of 0.3 pg (1pg=10^-12 g). The isotopic measurement of Os has a typical precision of a few permil for 1 pg of Os. A variety of samples has been investigated. Iron Meteorites: The main purpose of this study was to shed some light on the history of Kodaikanal. The silicate inclusions of this meteorite were reset at 3.7 Ga for both the Rb-Sr and the U-Pb chronometers [6,7]. The data from Coahuila, Canyon Diablo, Tlacotepec, and North Chile plot within 1% on the same isochron along with 3 samples from 2 locations inside the meteorite of Kodaikanal. As a consequence the Kodaikanal parent body did not form at 3.7 Ga but at about the same time as the parent bodies of the the majority of the other iron meteorites (~4.5 Ga). The only difference is that Kodaikanal suffered a strong secondary event at 3.7 Ga, which reset Rb/Sr and U-Pb chronometers but did not fractionate the Re/Os ratio. This result has already been suggested by our earlier work [8]. The St Severin Chondrite: A bulk sample and several batches of the metal separated from this chondrite were analysed. They plot on the iron meteorite isochron. However this metal is heterogeneous in Re/Os by a factor of at least 2 and indicates an uncomplete homogeinization of Re/Os between metal grains during parent body metamorphism. Basaltic Materials: Basaltic achondrites (Juvinas, Nuevo Laredo), diogenites (Roda, Tatahouine), lunar basalts (15555, 70017) and various terrestrial basalts were analyzed. So far all extraterrestrial basalts give ^187Os/^186Os ratios below 1.3 whereas old terrestrial basalts reach up to more than 100. The concentration of Os in extraterrestrial and terrestrial basalts are similar. There is no correlation with age. Re concentrations of terrestrial basalts are about 1000 times higher than extraterrestrial basalts. This difference in behavior of Re between terrestrial context and extraterrestrial context may have several origins: combined with pressure differences in the water content of the different planetary bodies may be one cause, but our preferred interpretation is that Re is present in a different oxidation state (ReVII) under terrestrial conditions. In contrast Re(IV) should be the dominant species in the Moon and in the basaltic achondrite parent body(ies). References: [1] Herr W. et al. (1961) Z. Naturforsch., 16a, 1053. [2] Luck J. M. and Allegre C. J. (1983) Nature, 302, 130. [3] Roy-Barman M. (1993) Ph.D. thesis, Paris. [4] Greaser R. A. et al. (1991) GCA, 55, 397. [5] Volkening J. et al. (1991) Int. J. Mass Spec. Ion Proc., 105, 147. [6] Gopel C. et al. (1985) Nature, 317, 341. [7] Burnett D. S. and Wasserburg G. J. (1967) EPSL, 2, 137. [8] Birck J. L. et al. (1991) Meteoritics, 26, 318.

Birck, J. L.; Allegre, C. J.

1993-07-01

298

Effects of apples and specific apple components on the cecal environment of conventional rats: role of apple pectin  

PubMed Central

Background Our study was part of the large European project ISAFRUIT aiming to reveal the biological explanations for the epidemiologically well-established health effects of fruits. The objective was to identify effects of apple and apple product consumption on the composition of the cecal microbial community in rats, as well as on a number of cecal parameters, which may be influenced by a changed microbiota. Results Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of cecal microbiota profiles obtained by PCR-DGGE targeting bacterial 16S rRNA genes showed an effect of whole apples in a long-term feeding study (14 weeks), while no effects of apple juice, pure or pomace on microbial composition in cecum were observed. Administration of either 0.33 or 3.3% apple pectin in the diet resulted in considerable changes in the DGGE profiles. A 2-fold increase in the activity of beta-glucuronidase was observed in animals fed with pectin (7% in the diet) for four weeks, as compared to control animals (P < 0.01). Additionally, the level of butyrate measured in these pectin-fed animal was more than double of the corresponding level in control animals (P < 0.01). Sequencing revealed that DGGE bands, which were suppressed in pectin-fed rats, represented Gram-negative anaerobic rods belonging to the phylum Bacteroidetes, whereas bands that became more prominent represented mainly Gram-positive anaerobic rods belonging to the phylum Firmicutes, and specific species belonging to the Clostridium Cluster XIVa. Quantitative real-time PCR confirmed a lower amount of given Bacteroidetes species in the pectin-fed rats as well as in the apple-fed rats in the four-week study (P < 0.05). Additionally, a more than four-fold increase in the amount of Clostridium coccoides (belonging to Cluster XIVa), as well as of genes encoding butyryl-coenzyme A CoA transferase, which is involved in butyrate production, was detected by quantitative PCR in fecal samples from the pectin-fed animals. Conclusions Our findings show that consumption of apple pectin (7% in the diet) increases the population of butyrate- and ?-glucuronidase producing Clostridiales, and decreases the population of specific species within the Bacteroidetes group in the rat gut. Similar changes were not caused by consumption of whole apples, apple juice, pure or pomace. PMID:20089145

2010-01-01

299

MacMS: A Mass Spectrometer Simulator: Abstract of Issue 9906M  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MacMS is a program for Mac-OS compatible computers that simulates a magnetic sector mass spectrometer (1-4) designed to operate in the mass-to-charge (m/z) ratio range of 1-200 amu. MacMS has two operational modules. The first module (see Figure 1) is called the "Path" module and enables the user to quantitatively examine the trajectory of an ion of given m/z ratio in the electric and magnetic fields of the simulated "instrument". By systematically measuring a series of trajectories of different ions under different electric and magnetic field conditions, the user can determine how the resolution of the "instrument" is affected by these experimentally variable parameters. The user can thus choose suitable instrumental conditions for scanning a given m/z ratio range with good separation between the peaks. The second module (see Figure 2) is called as the "Spectrometer" module and enables the user to record, under any chosen instrumental conditions, the mass spectrum of (i) the instrumental background, (ii) neon, (iii) methane, or (iv) the parent ion of carbon tetrachloride. Both voltage scanning and magnetic scanning are possible (5). A hard copy of any mass spectrum that has been recorded can also be obtained. MacMS can read ASCII data files containing mass spectral information of compounds other than those that are "built-in" to the simulator. The appropriate format for creating such data files is described in the program documentation. There are a number of instructional exercises that can be conducted using the mass spectral information contained within the simulator. These are included in the program documentation. For example, the intensities of the 20Ne+, 21Ne+, and 22Ne+ species can be determined from hard copies of mass spectra of neon that are obtained under different instrumental sensitivities. The relative abundances of the three isotopes of neon can thus be calculated and compared with the literature values (6). The simulator also includes adjustable, fixed-value range and gain settings, which can be used to enhance the resolution and sensitivity of the instrument respectively.

Figure 1. The "Path" module of MacMS showing the control panel (upper section) and graphics display region (lower section). The graphics display region incorporates a "data collector", which includes a "Grab" button to collect data and an area where data are displayed.
Figure 2. The "Spectrometer" module of MacMS showing the control panel (upper section) and a graphics display region (lower section). A mass spectrum is produced in the graphics display region upon scanning. A "data collector" similar to that of the "Path" module forms part of the graphics display region. Hardware and Software Requirements Literature Cited
  1. Kiser, R. N. Introduction to Mass Spectrometry and its Applications; Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1965; pp 1-3; pp 32-65.
  2. Johnstone, R. A. W.; Rose, M. E. Mass Spectrometry for Chemists and Biochemists, 2nd ed.; Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1996.
  3. Hill, H. C.; Loudon, A. G. Introduction to Mass Spectrometry; 2nd ed.; Heyden: London, 1972; p 5.
  4. Farmer, J. B. In Mass Spectrometry, McDowell, C. A., Ed.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1963; pp 10-11.
  5. Message, G. M. Practical Aspects of Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Wiley: New York, 1984; Chapter 3.
  6. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 55th ed.; CRC: Cleveland, 1974.

Bigger, Stephen W.; Craig, Robert A.

1999-10-01

300

7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457...Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple...

2010-01-01

301

7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457...Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple...

2012-01-01

302

7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457...Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple...

2011-01-01

303

7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457...Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple...

2014-01-01

304

7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section 457...Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple...

2013-01-01

305

Could an Apple a Day Help Keep the Pharmacist Away?  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Could an Apple a Day Help Keep the Pharmacist Away? Study finds no ... MONDAY, March 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Munching each day on a McIntosh, Granny Smith or other apple ...

306

Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope System Theory of Operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this learning module is to enable learners to describe how the Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) system functions in support of Apple Valley Science and Technology Center's (AVSTC) client schools' radio astronomy activities.

Stephan, George R.

1997-01-01

307

CDC Warns of Listeria Danger from Caramel Apples  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. CDC Warns of Listeria Danger From Caramel Apples Outbreak has sickened 28 people in 10 states; ... are investigating a listeria outbreak linked to caramel apples that has killed at least four people and ...

308

Production of fuels and chemicals from apple pomace  

SciTech Connect

Nearly 36 million tons of apples are produced annually in the US. Approximately 45% of the total US apple production is used for processing purposes. The primary by-product of apple processing is apple pomace. It consists of the presscake resulting from pressing apples for juice or cider, including the presscake obtained in pressing peel and core wastes generated in the manufacture of apple sauce or slices. More than 500 food processing plants in the US produce a total of about 1.3 million metric tons of apple pomace each year, and it is likely that annual disposal fees exceed $10 million. Apple pomace has the potential to be used for the production of fuels (ethanol and biogas containing 60% methane) and food-grade chemicals. These uses will be reviewed in this article.

Hang, Y.D.

1987-03-01

309

CASE REPORT Os Parietale Divisum  

E-print Network

, when the parents reported that he was positioned on his back during *Correspondence to: Alex A. Kane, MCASE REPORT Os Parietale Divisum DEVRA B. BECKER,1 JAMES M. CHEVERUD,2 DANIEL P. GOVIER,1 AND ALEX segments. He had a plagiocephalic appearance, with the greater occipital and parietal protuberances

Cheverud, James M.

310

CO2calc: A User-Friendly Seawater Carbon Calculator for Windows, Mac OS X, and iOS (iPhone)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A user-friendly, stand-alone application for the calculation of carbonate system parameters was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey Florida Shelf Ecosystems Response to Climate Change Project in response to its Ocean Acidification Task. The application, by Mark Hansen and Lisa Robbins, USGS St. Petersburg, FL, Joanie Kleypas, NCAR, Boulder, CO, and Stephan Meylan, Jacobs Technology, St. Petersburg, FL, is intended as a follow-on to CO2SYS, originally developed by Lewis and Wallace (1998) and later modified for Microsoft Excel? by Denis Pierrot (Pierrot and others, 2006). Besides eliminating the need for using Microsoft Excel on the host system, CO2calc offers several improvements on CO2SYS, including: An improved graphical user interface for data entry and results Additional calculations of air-sea CO2 fluxes (for surface water calculations) The ability to tag data with sample name, comments, date, time, and latitude/longitude The ability to use the system time and date and latitude/ longitude (automatic retrieval of latitude and longitude available on iPhone? 3, 3GS, 4, and Windows? hosts with an attached National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA)-enabled GPS) The ability to process multiple files in a batch processing mode An option to save sample information, data input, and calculated results as a comma-separated value (CSV) file for use with Microsoft Excel, ArcGIS,? or other applications An option to export points with geographic coordinates as a KMZ file for viewing and editing in Google EarthTM

Robbins, L.L.; Hansen, M.E.; Kleypas, J.A.; Meylan, S.C.

2010-01-01

311

Connecting Mac OS X to the network This document outlines the procedure for setting up OS X to use the College and University network. It assumes that the  

E-print Network

labelled Click here to log in using Raven On the Raven Authentication Service page, type in your user id and your Raven password to confirm your identity A page titled Summary of Your Registrations should appear-in boxes, or Click on the link labelled Click here to log in using Raven On the Raven Authentication

Goldschmidt, Christina

312

The power of lightness. Apple iPad Price List  

E-print Network

iPad Air The power of lightness. Apple iPad Price List 6/11/14 unh computer store university of new with iPad (4th generation). 2 Battery life varies by use and configuration. See www.apple with Wi-Fi + Cellular 16GB 32GB 64GB 128GB $629 $729 $829 $929 AppleCare+ for iPad AppleCare+ provides 2

313

187Os\\/186Os in Lunar and Meteoritic Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unique potentiallity of the ^187Re-^1870s radiochronometer stems from the chemical properties of the 2 elements. Their siderophilic nature has made the dating of the metal phase of iron meteorites and chondrites possible [1,2]. In silicate crystallization or melting, Os behaves as a strongly compatible element [3]. For Re the results hereunder show that its behavior is highly variable, depending

J. L. Birck; C. J. Allegre

1993-01-01

314

Patulin in apple leather in Iran.  

PubMed

Apple leather is made by dehydration of cooked fruit into leathery sheets. Mould growth and patulin production can occur in damaged apples or when fallen fruit is collected for apple leather processing. A survey was conducted to determine levels and dietary intake of patulin from apple leather marketed in Iran. Patulin was detected in all samples at concentrations ranging from <10 to 2559 g/kg. Mean patulin concentration was 620 g/kg and 91.4% of the samples had levels higher than 50 g/kg. Estimated daily intake (EDI) of patulin for adults and children considering the mean concentration of patulin obtained in this study (620 g/kg) were higher than the provisional maximum tolerable daily intake (PMTDI) of 0.4 g/kg bw/day for patulin that has been established by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. This indicated the need for stricter control and improvement in processing techniques to reduce the incidence of patulin in apple leather. PMID:24914594

Montaseri, H; Eskandari, M H; Yeganeh, A T; Karami, S; Javidnia, K; Dehghanzadeh, G R; Mesbahi, G R; Niakousari, M

2014-01-01

315

MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports  

E-print Network

1 MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

316

MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports  

E-print Network

1 MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

317

Establishing Commercial Utility of Behavioral Control for Apple Maggot Fly  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple maggot fly is a key summer pest of apples throughout eastern North America, and poses an increasing threat to apple production in the Northwest. If left unchecked, the threat of AMF injury to fruit can be severe, resulting in complete loss of marketable crop. To combat AMF infestation, comme...

318

Autonomous Fruit Picking Machine: A Robotic Apple Harvester  

E-print Network

Autonomous Fruit Picking Machine: A Robotic Apple Harvester Johan Baeten1 , Kevin Donne2 , Sven the construction and functionality of an Au- tonomous Fruit Picking Machine (AFPM) for robotic apple harvesting technologies to automate labour intensive work, such as e.g. apple harvest- ing [2, 10]. This paper describes

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

319

Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition  

E-print Network

Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition D. Unay TCTS Labs., Facult of `Jonagold' apples by pattern recognition is proposed. The method starts with background removal and object- ment relative to the ones introduced in the literature. Key words: apple, stem, calyx, machine vision

Dupont, Stphane

320

Original article Nutrient leaching from soil amended with apple waste  

E-print Network

Original article Nutrient leaching from soil amended with apple waste Anne-Marie de COCKBORNE December 2000) Abstract Among the possibilities for disposing of overproduction of apple, land application is flexible and inexpensive. Six soil columns receiving 0, 200 or 500 Mg of apple wasteha1 were

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

321

Mobile Device Guide Apple iPhone Devices  

E-print Network

Mobile Device Guide Apple iPhone Devices CSUF Date Last Revised: 1/20/11 Page 1 of 3 Connecting to the Campus via iPhone Exchange Client Applies to Apple iPhone based devices only If you are alreadyPhone desktop. 1a. Expand `Mail, Contacts, Calendars' as shown. #12;Mobile Device Guide Apple iPhone Devices

de Lijser, Peter

322

Curried Pumpkin Soup with Roasted Apple and Crme Frache  

E-print Network

Curried Pumpkin Soup with Roasted Apple and Crme Frache Recipe courtesy of Gordon Hamersley teaspoon chili powder (optional) 3 medium apples, peeled, cored, and chopped 2 1/2 quarts chicken stock 1 apple, roasted and sliced for garnish crme frache DIRECTIONS 1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. 2

Spence, Harlan Ernest

323

Cold Acclimation Improves Regrowth of Cryopreserved Apple Shoot Tips  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cryopreservation is important for preserving the genetic resources of apple germplasm in Kazakhstan, the center of origin for apples. In this study of five apple genotypes [Malus domestica Borkh. and Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem] we determined cold hardiness and the effect of cold acclimation o...

324

Publish by Abstract RNA Extraction From Different Apple Tissues  

E-print Network

Publish by Abstract RNA Extraction From Different Apple Tissues Rich in Polyphenols. An efficient procedure for isolating RNA from bud, internodal shoot, flower, and fruit tissues of apple has in apple fruit and flower tissues. Isolated RNA is of high qual- ity and is undegraded as assessed

Korban, Schuyler S.

325

Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals  

E-print Network

the profitability of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets realize its mission by enhancing the reputation of Michigan Apples, improve their share of sales in target markets and aid the profitability and sustainability of Michigan's apple industry. STRATEGIC RESEARCH

Douches, David S.

326

Volatiles from apple trees infested with light brown apple moth larvae attract the parasitoid Dolichogenidia tasmanica.  

PubMed

The volatile compounds emitted from uninfested apple seedlings, cv. Royal Gala, and apple seedlings infested with generalist herbivore Epiphyas postvittana larvae were sampled using headspace collection and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Nine additional compounds were only detected in infested apple seedlings [including benzyl alcohol, (E)-?-ocimene, benzyl cyanide, indole, (E)-nerolidol, and four unidentified compounds]. Infested apple seedlings produced larger amounts of (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, linalool, 4,8-dimethyl-1,3(E),7-nonatriene, methyl salicylate, ?-caryophyllene, germacrene D, (E,E)-?-farnesene, and (Z)-3-hexenyl benzoate than uninfested plants. Female parasitoids flew exclusively upwind to infested and not to uninfested apple seedlings in wind tunnel choice tests and preferred infested leaflets in still air, even after the removal of larvae. The attraction of a parasitoid to infested apple seedlings in the laboratory and in the field to apple and many other plants in at least six families supports considerable generality of the tritrophic signaling process. PMID:22950817

Suckling, D M; Twidle, A M; Gibb, A R; Manning, L M; Mitchell, V J; Sullivan, T E S; Wee, S L; El-Sayed, A M

2012-09-26

327

The Yeast Transcription Factor Mac1 Binds to DNA in a Modular Fashion*  

E-print Network

The Yeast Transcription Factor Mac1 Binds to DNA in a Modular Fashion* (Received for publication promoter. We conclude from these experiments that Mac1t binds in a modular fashion to DNA, with its RGRP AT

Tullius, Thomas D.

328

High-pressure washing treatments to remove obscure mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) and lightbrown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from harvested apples.  

PubMed

Mixed life stages of obscure mealybug, Pseudococcus viburni (Signoret), and late 1st-instar or early 2nd-instar lightbrown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker), on 'Royal Gala' apples (Malus domestica Borkhausen) were exposed to standard packhouse processing with and without addition of high-pressure apple washer treatments. Insect removal and mortality were assessed. After standard packhouse processing approximately 60% of P. viburni remained on their host apples. The 2 high-pressure apple washer treatments (500 and 800 psi at 2.0 rods/s) were equally effective and significantly reduced the number of P. viburni on apples compared with the packhouse control. High-pressure apple washer removal by location decreased in the following order: calyx cavity outside the sepals > cheek approximately stem cavity > or = calyx beneath sepals. About half of the E. postvittana larvae infesting apples was removed by standard packhouse processing. Removal rates were similar for all locations on open-calyxed apples. However, no removal occurred from the calyx beneath the sepals if the apple calyx was closed. All 4 high-pressure apple washer treatments tested (500 and 800 psi at 1.0 and 2.0 rods/s) halved the number of larvae on the apple exterior relative to the packhouse control. The pattern of removal for larvae on open-calyxed apples was calyx outside sepals approximately stem cavity > calyx beneath the sepals approximately cheek. A similar pattern was evident for larvae on closed-calyxed apples, except insects beneath the sepals evaded removal. The persistence of insects on the apple cheek reflects the high proportion of larvae inside tunnels in this location compared with other apple locations. Removal of internally positioned insects was much lower than that of externally positioned insects. PMID:9887685

Whiting, D C; Hoy, L E; Maindonald, J H; Connolly, P G; McDonald, R M

1998-12-01

329

Vehicle Health Management Communications Requirements for AeroMACS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As the development of standards for the aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) progresses, the process of identifying and quantifying appropriate uses for the system is progressing. In addition to defining important elements of AeroMACS standards, indentifying the systems uses impacts AeroMACS bandwidth requirements. Although an initial 59 MHz spectrum allocation for AeroMACS was established in 2007, the allocation may be inadequate; studies have indicated that 100 MHz or more of spectrum may be required to support airport surface communications. Hence additional spectrum allocations have been proposed. Vehicle health management (VHM) systems, which can produce large volumes of vehicle health data, were not considered in the original bandwidth requirements analyses, and are therefore of interest in supporting proposals for additional AeroMACS spectrum. VHM systems are an emerging development in air vehicle safety, and preliminary estimates of the amount of data that will be produced and transmitted off an aircraft, both in flight and on the ground, have been prepared based on estimates of data produced by on-board vehicle health sensors and initial concepts of data processing approaches. This allowed an initial estimate of VHM data transmission requirements for the airport surface. More recently, vehicle-level systems designed to process and analyze VHM data and draw conclusions on the current state of vehicle health have been undergoing testing and evaluation. These systems make use of vehicle system data that is mostly different from VHM data considered previously for airport surface transmission, and produce processed system outputs that will be also need to be archived, thus generating additional data load for AeroMACS. This paper provides an analysis of airport surface data transmission requirements resulting from the vehicle level reasoning systems, within the context of overall VHM data requirements.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Clements, Donna J.; Apaza, Rafael D.

2012-01-01

330

Os intermetatarseum A case report  

PubMed Central

Accessory ossicles and sesamoid bones are skeletal variations, more commonly seen in the region of foot and ankle. Most such accessory and sesamoid bones remain asymptomatic. However overuse and trauma can make such feet symptomatic. Knowledge of such bony ossicles is essential in the management of patients presenting with foot pain. Dorsal foot pain can be caused by a symptomatic Os intermetatarseum an accessory ossicle found between the bases of first and second metatarsals and the medial cuneiform. Its incidence has not been well established because of insufficient appropriate multi-centric anatomical, radiological and orthopaedic studies. A case of dorsal foot pain in a soccer player, caused by an Os intermetatarseum is reported here. A brief review of the literature is also presented.

Chavali, Viswanath H.

2012-01-01

331

A Flexible CSMA based MAC Protocol for Software Defined Radios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we propose a flexible CSMA based MAC protocol which facilitates research and experimentation using software define radios. The modular architecture allows to employ the protocol on platforms with heterogeneous hardware capabilities and provides the freedom to exchange or adapt the spectrum sensing mechanism without modifying the MAC protocol internals. We discuss the architecture of the protocol and provide structural details of its main components. Furthermore, we present throughput measurements that have been obtained on an example system using host-based spectrum sensing.

Puschmann, Andr; Kalil, Mohamed A.; Mitschele-Thiel, Andreas

2012-09-01

332

CSMAC: A novel DS-CDMA based MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes CSMAC (CDMA sensor MAC), a novel self-organizing, location-aware media-access control (MAC) protocol for DS-CDMA based sensor networks for applications such as battlefield surveillance that feature higher traffic and stringent latency requirements. Previously proposed MAC protocols for sensor networks such as S-MAC [W. Ye et al., June 2002] primarily prioritize energy efficiency over latency, Our protocol design balances

Bao Hua Liu; Nirupama Bulusu; Huan Pham; Sanjay Jha

2004-01-01

333

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1952 architectural drawings by Strategic Air Command, MacDill Air Force Base) BASE LAYOUT, 1952 - MacDill Air Force Base, Bounded by City of Tampa North, Tampa Bay South, Old Tampa Bay West, & Hillsborough Bay East, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

334

The identification of MacSe in Streptococcus equi ssp. equi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Streptococcus equi subsp. equi (S. equi ssp. equi) causes equine strangles, a highly contagious and widespread purulent lymphadenitis of the head and neck. We have identified\\u000a MacSe, a novel protein of S. equi, by screening a phage library of 38 kb random DNA fragments of S. equi CF32. MacSe shares 62% and 67.5% amino acid homology with Mac5005 and Mac8345

Jiande Yang; Yanfei Liu; Jun Xu; Jifei Ma

2009-01-01

335

Psychometric Properties of the MacArthur Competence Assessment ToolCriminal Adjudication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development of a new clinical instrument for use in assessments of adult criminal defendants competence to proceed to adjudication, the MacArthur Competence Assessment ToolCriminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA). The MacCAT-CA was derived from a more comprehensive research instrument (MacArthur Structured Assessment of Competencies of Criminal Defendants; Hoge, Bonnie, Poythress, Monahan, & Eisenberg, 1997) on the basis of considerations

Randy K. Otto; Norman G. Poythress; Robert A. Nicholson; John F. Edens; John Monahan; Richard J. Bonnie; Steven K. Hoge; Marlene Eisenberg

1998-01-01

336

Os Odontoideum: Rare Cervical Lesion  

PubMed Central

We report the case of a 22-year-old Marine who presented to the emergency department, after a martial arts exercise, with transient weakness and numbness in all extremities. Computed tomography cervical spine radiographs revealed os odontoideum. Lateral flexionextension radiographs identified atlanto-axillary instability. This abnormality is rare and can be career ending for military members who do not undergo surgical fusion. PMID:22224150

Robson, Kristie A

2011-01-01

337

Exercising AppleWorks V2.0 Data Base Print Options with the Apple IIgs Computer. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a step-by-step guide to using the AppleWorks software on the Apple IIGS computer to print AppleWorks database files in two types of formats--labels and tables. Steps covered for printing labels include naming the report, arranging or sorting, deleting a category, inserting a category, printing the category name and entry, selecting

Schlenker, Richard M.

338

Direction gnrale des technologies de l'information et de la communication  

E-print Network

10.6 Snow Leopard 18 fvrier 2010 Mise jour Le systme d'exploitation Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard, dvoil l'automne dernier par Apple est maintenant compatible avec la plupart des systme. Pour de plus amples renseignements concernant Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard, les utilisateurs

Charette, Andr

339

Apple Price List unh computer store  

E-print Network

to take everywhere you go--and powerful enough to do everything once you get there. Key Features Mac-Fi support · Thunderbolt and USB 3 ports · 720p FaceTime HD camera · Thin, light, durable design · High

340

Some Economics of the Internet Jerey K. MacKie-Mason  

E-print Network

Some Economics of the Internet by Jerey K. MacKie-Mason Hal R. Varian University of Michigan congestion on the Internet. Keywords. Networks, Internet, NREN, NII. Address. Hal R. Varian, Jeffrey K. Mac@umich.edu. #12;Some Economics of the Internet Jeffrey K. MacKie-Mason Hal R. Varian The High Performance

Varian, Hal R.

341

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; site plan dated December, 1942) BASE LAYOUT, DECEMBER 1942 - MacDill Air Force Base, Bounded by City of Tampa North, Tampa Bay South, Old Tampa Bay West, & Hillsborough Bay East, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

342

SCSP : an Energy Efficient Network-MAC Cross-layer design for wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

architecture and a tree routing protocol. SCSP does not require synchronization between routers and dynamically functionality of the MAC protocol. Therefore, nodes in WSN must be capable of achieving high throughput rates contention based MAC protocols in WSN. S-MAC is designed with en- ergy consumption minimization and self

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

343

LEARNING COMMONS Letter from the  

E-print Network

marketed by Apple Computer. 2. Microsoft Corporation Presentation Software developed for Windows and Mac OS, she uses the software package Mathematica.4 Most surprising of all would be a visit to the W.E.B. Du

Mullin, William J.

344

Idea Bank: The Apple Genomics Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Genomics is the study of an organism's entire genome. Because genomics is a relatively new discipline, it can be difficult to find teaching materials, especially those that offer a variety of educational modalities. To address this need, researchers and educators have developed The Apple Genomics Project website. This website features genomic information and computer animations that explain common genomic laboratory procedures. Using an apple as the model organism, computer animations enhance learning by explaining and displaying the complex techniques and procedures associated with the field of genomics.

Kathryn Orvis

2008-10-01

345

US Apple Association Having an Impact Insecticide Residues in Apple Juice  

E-print Network

Virus a Threat to Midwest Peach Growers Blueberry Promotion Referendum National Ag Earth Day Celebration Association and Proctor and Gamble, it was revealed that the stylized apple has been dropped from the label

Ginzel, Matthew

346

Where to prick the apple for skin testing?  

PubMed

Mal d 1 is not equally distributed over the apple. We aimed to examine the influence of the location of pricking in the apple on prick-to-prick skin prick test (PTP) results. PTPs were performed in autumn 2007 and spring 2008, before the birch pollen season, in 32 Dutch adults with symptoms of oral allergy to fresh apple, using apples harvested in autumn 2007. PTPs with fresh intact and unpeeled Pink Lady, Golden Delicious, Elise, Santana and Modi apples were performed using material obtained from approximately 2 cm near the stalk (top), and the middle region. All PTP responses were greater when performed with apple material near the stalk than from the middle region. In 2007, these differences were statistically significant for Pink Lady, Golden Delicious and Elise, and in 2008, for Pink Lady and Modi. When performing PTPs, the apple should be pricked near the stalk rather than in the middle. PMID:23909986

Vlieg-Boerstra, B J; van de Weg, W E; van der Heide, S; Dubois, A E J

2013-09-01

347

Comparison of nonfried apple snacks with commercially available fried snacks.  

PubMed

The study was carried out to evaluate the selected quality attributes of a prototype nonfried apple snack produced by application of vacuum impregnation (VI) of maple syrup and vacuum drying. When maple syrup concentration was adjusted to 20-40% in the VI solution, vacuum-dried apple slices are resulted in the greatest textural attributes, whiteness index, and desirable moisture content and water activity. Comparison of the VI-treated, vacuum-dried apple slices with commercially fried apple and potato snacks revealed that the consumer acceptability was greater for the fried snack products due to their flavor and texture; however, in addition to higher oil content (>30%), commercial fried apple and potato snacks possessed lower antioxidant capacity than nonfried apple snacks. VI process enhanced the calcium content of the nonfried apple snack products. PMID:21593286

Joshi, A P K; Rupasinghe, H P V; Pitts, N L

2011-06-01

348

The batch adsorption of the epigallocatechin gallate onto apple pomace.  

PubMed

The ability of apple pomace for carrying a polyphenol (epigallocatechin-3-gallate, EGCG) was examined. The adsorption characteristics of epigallocatechin gallate onto apple pomace from aqueous solution were determined over a range of concentrations (25-600 mg/L) and temperatures (25, 40 and 55 C). The adsorption of EGCG decreased with increasing temperature. Both the Langmuir and Freundlich models adequately describe the isothermal adsorption of EGCG onto apple pomace. The Gibbs free energy change (?G) for the adsorption of EGCG onto apple pomace ranged from -15.90 to -22.98 kJ/mol over the temperature range 25-55 C, indicating the adsorption of EGCG onto apple pomace is a spontaneous process, and further that the adsorption process is likely to be dominated by a physisorption mechanism. Our results show that apple pomace has good adsorption characteristics, suggesting that apple pomace may be a useful EGCG carrier for functional food applications. PMID:24799237

Wu, Liangyu; Melton, Laurence D; Sanguansri, Luz; Augustin, Mary Ann

2014-10-01

349

Bioanalytical characterization of apple juice from 88 grafted and nongrafted apple varieties grown in Upper Austria.  

PubMed

The compositional characteristics of untreated pure juice prepared from 88 apple varieties grown in the region of Eferding/Upper Austria were determined. Many of the analyzed varieties are noncommercial, old varieties not present in the market. The aim of the study was to quantitate the mineral, phosphate, trace elements, and polyphenolic content in order to identify varieties that are of particular interest for a wider distribution. Great variations among the investigated varieties could be found. This holds especially true for the total polyphenolic content (TPC) ranging from 103.2 to 2,275.6 mg/L. A clear dependence of the antioxidant capacity on the TPC levels was detected. Bioinformatics was employed to find specific interrelationships, such as Mg?/Mn? and PO??/K?, between the analyzed bio- and phytochemical parameters. Furthermore, special attention was drawn on putative effects of grafting on the phytochemical composition of apple varieties. By grafting 27 different apple varieties on two trees grown close to each other, it could be shown that the apple fruits remain their characteristic phytochemical composition. Finally, apple juice prepared from selected varieties was further characterized by additional biochemical analysis including cytotoxicity, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition, and ?-amylase activity tests. Cytotoxicity and inhibition of EGFR activation were found to be dependent on the TPC, while ?-amylase activity was reduced by the apple juices independent of the presence of polyphenolic substances. Taken together selected apple varieties investigated within this study might serve as preferable sources for the development of apple-based food with a strong focus on health beneficial effects. PMID:24410208

Lanzerstorfer, Peter; Wruss, Jrgen; Huemer, Stefan; Steininger, Andrea; Mller, Ulrike; Himmelsbach, Markus; Borgmann, Daniela; Winkler, Stephan; Hglinger, Otmar; Weghuber, Julian

2014-02-01

350

Mineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean  

E-print Network

Mineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean 2. NAME OF INQUIRY: Mineral Scavenger from minerals? What are some objects in the classroom that come from minerals? What minerals did these objects come from? b. Ecological Theme(s): Minerals are the building blocks of rocks. Rocks

Brewer, Carol

351

Major/Department PC Mac Tablet Notes College of Engineering  

E-print Network

Software Major/Department PC Mac Tablet Notes College of Engineering and Physical Sciences (CEPS: Recommend 4GB+ RAM, all platforms Tablets: Not recommended as primary device. Check with professors on classroom tablet policies. All students: Microsoft Office suite Current versions are Office 2013 for PC

352

Updated 8-14 Sandy MacIsaac  

E-print Network

Washington D.C. He was also deployed to Baghdad, Iraq, as the Operations Chief for the Multi-National Forces Iraq, Strategic Counterintelligence (CI) Directorate (SCID). The SCID provided force protection and CI support to Coalition Forces throughout Iraq. In 1995, Mr. MacIsaac was recognized as the Kings County, CA

353

An enhanced Bluetooth MAC protocol for wireless sensor network application  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose two Bluetooth MAC scheduling schemes which can support more than 7 nodes simultaneously. One is the MARS (multiple active round scheduling) scheme which allows only one time slot to each node every round in a frame, and the other is the MASS (multiple adaptive slot scheduling) scheme which allocates multiple time slots according to the

Soon Jin Choi; Eui Hyeok Kwon; Jae Sung Lim

2004-01-01

354

A new approach to simulating PHY MAC and Routing  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT In recent years, network simulation has become a very difficult task due to the proliferation and integration of wireless technologies. In this paper, we discuss the new challenges that have arisen regard- ing the simulation of the wireless channel and the PHY, MAC and Routing layers, argumenting why currently available network sim- ulation tools such as ns2 and many

Nicola Baldo; Federico Maguolo; Marco Miozzo; Telecmunicacions De

355

On Designing MAC Protocols for Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas  

E-print Network

On Designing MAC Protocols for Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas Romit Roy Choudhury, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--We investigate the possibility of using directional antennas for medium the use of omnidirectional antennas at all nodes. With omnidirectional antennas, while two nodes

Ramanathan, Ram

356

Tone based MAC protocol for use with Adaptive Array Antennas  

E-print Network

1 Tone based MAC protocol for use with Adaptive Array Antennas Harkirat Singh and Suresh Singh are equipped with adaptive array antennas. The protocol relies on the ability of the antenna and Angle antenna arrays. The impact of using different number of antenna elements is also studied

Singh, Suresh

357

MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks: a survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless sensor networks are appealing to researchers due to their wide range of application potential in areas such as target detection and tracking, environmental monitoring, industrial process monitoring, and tactical systems. However, low sensing ranges result in dense networks and thus it becomes necessary to achieve an efficient medium-access protocol subject to power constraints. Various medium-access control (MAC) protocols with

Ilker Demirkol; Cem Ersoy; Fatih Alagz

2006-01-01

358

The MacArthur Foundation in Nigeria: Report on Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, Nigeria passed an important milestone: one elected government passed power to another for the first time in the nation's history. Though imperfect, the poll demonstrated powerfully that Nigeria's representative democracy was not a transient phase between periods of military repression but a growing reality. For 20 years, the MacArthur

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2009

2009-01-01

359

MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity-Based Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents MAC/FAC, a model of similarity-based retrieval that attempts to capture psychological phenomena; discusses its limitations and extensions, its relationship with other retrieval models, and its placement in the context of other work on the nature of similarity. Examines the utility of the model through psychological experiments and

Forbus, Kenneth D.; And Others

1995-01-01

360

Adaptive Power Control MAC in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this letter, we suggest APMAC (Adaptive Power Control MAC) for wireless ad hoc networks. APMAC is based on the single channel environment and improves the throughput and the energy efficiency simultaneously. Furthermore, the APMAC prevents the unfair channel starvation among the transmission pairs. We verify the performance of the APMAC through simulations.

Choi, Hong-Seok; Byun, Hee-Jung; Lim, Jong-Tae

361

MAC-EYE: a Tendon Driven Fully Embedded Robot Eye  

E-print Network

MAC-EYE: a Tendon Driven Fully Embedded Robot Eye Dario Biamino, Giorgio Cannata, Marco Maggiali the possibility of designing a robot eye with kinematics and actuation similar to those of the human eye. In particular, we tried to exploit the spherical shape of the eye and to study the feasibility of a tendon based

Cannata, Giorgio

362

Energy efficient hybrid transmission of correlated sources over the MAC  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we investigate how hybrid analog-digital coding improves transmission energy efficiency over pure analog or digital schemes. In particular, transmission of correlated sources over the multiple access channels (MAC) is studied. Compared to other works on joint source-channel coding, we consider the general scenario where the source and channel bandwidths are not naturally matched. We first consider lossy

Nan Jiang; Yang Yang; Anders Host-Madsen; Zixiang Xiong

2011-01-01

363

YACs, BACs, PACs and MACs: artificial chromosomes as research tools.  

PubMed

Yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) have become essential research tools as they enable large fragments of DNA to be cloned. In order to overcome several disadvantages of YACs, including chimaerism and instability, several complementary bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) vectors have been developed. More recently, attempts are being made to construct artificial chromosomes in mammalian cells (MACs). PMID:7765076

Monaco, A P; Larin, Z

1994-07-01

364

DougMacLellan2014 GermanLanguageandCulture  

E-print Network

©DougMacLellan2014 GermanLanguageandCulture www.uwindsor.ca/languages Language learning matters We offer a variety of programs with a concentration in German Language and Culture. Language language and culture. Our Multi-Media Language Learning Lab and departmental mini-lab provide enhancement

365

Douglas G. MacMartin* Senior Research Associate  

E-print Network

distributed dynamic systems, with current focus on (i) climate dynamics, including geoengineering and climate. * Formerly Douglas MacMynowski #12;Professional Service · Associate Fellow, AIAA. · Member, American Control", 2003-2004. · Co-organizer of "Climate Feedbacks and Climate Dynamics", 2004 AGU fall meeting

Low, Steven H.

366

MAC Sleep Mode Control Considering Downlink Traffic Pattern and Mobility  

E-print Network

1 MAC Sleep Mode Control Considering Downlink Traffic Pattern and Mobility Neung-Hyung Lee energy loss under varying traffic pattern and mobile environment. In this paper, we propose a sleep mode-- energy saving, sleep mode, doze state. I. INTRODUCTION In wireless communications, the battery power

Bahk, Saewoong

367

Ultrafast active plasmonics Kevin F. MacDonald1  

E-print Network

Ultrafast active plasmonics Kevin F. MacDonald1 *, Zsolt L. Samson1, Mark I. Stockman2 and Nikolay I. Zheludev1 Surface plasmon polaritons, propagating bound oscillations of electrons and light nanophotonic devices1,2 . Since the term `active plasmonics' was coined in 20043, a number of techniques

Zheludev, Nikolay

368

The MacArthur Treatment Competence Study. I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of three papers reporting the results of the MacArthur Treatment Competence Study, a project designed to develop reliable and valid information with which to address clinical and policy questions regarding the abilities of persons with mental illness to make decisions about psychiatric treatment. Four commonly applied legal standards for determining decision-making competence are described: abilities to

Paul S. Appelbaum; Thomas Grisso

1995-01-01

369

DISTRIBUTED COGNITIVE MAC FOR ENERGY-CONSTRAINED OPPORTUNISTIC SPECTRUM ACCESS  

E-print Network

DISTRIBUTED COGNITIVE MAC FOR ENERGY-CONSTRAINED OPPORTUNISTIC SPECTRUM ACCESS Yunxia Chen, Qing for opportunistic spectrum access (OSA) under an energy constraint on the secondary users. The objective partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP) and obtain the optimal spectrum sensing and access

Islam, M. Saif

370

Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination (GeoMAC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provided by the USGS features GeoMAC, an internet-based mapping tool that fire managers and the public can use to access online maps of current fire locations and perimeters in the conterminous 48 States and Alaska. To pinpoint affected areas, information can be downloaded with a standard web browser. The site also has a users' guide.

USGS; National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC); National Weather Service and Bureau of Land Management at NIFC; Remote Sensing Applications Center (RSAC, USFS); U.S. Forest Service (USFS); Bureau of Land Management (BLM); National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC, NOAA)

371

MACS -A New High Intensity Cold Neutron Spectrometer at NIST  

E-print Network

to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) cold neutron source the instrument provides up to 5 improves the utility of inelastic neutron scattering as a tool to probe dynamic properties of condensedMACS - A New High Intensity Cold Neutron Spectrometer at NIST J. A. Rodriguez1,3 , D. M. Adler3 , P

Broholm, Collin Leslie

372

A Spectrophotometric Analysis of Pigments in Apples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods of pigment extraction using traditional polar organic solvents (acetone or methanol) were compared to those employing a chloroformmethanol mixture. We found that, for spectrophotometric pigment analysis in the apple peel, the cuticular lipids must be preliminarily extracted from the samples with chloroform and MgO must be added during homogenization to prevent pigment degradation. The traditional extraction did not result

A. E. Solovchenko; O. B. Chivkunova; M. N. Merzlyak; I. V. Reshetnikova

2001-01-01

373

Apple Mealiness Detection Using Hyperspectral Scattering Technique  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Mealiness is a symptom of internal fruit disorder, which is characterized by abnormal softness and lack of free juice in the fruit. This research investigated the potential of hyperspectral scattering technique for detecting mealy apples. Spectral scattering profiles between 600 nm and 1,000 nm were...

374

NEWTON'S APPLE 14th Season Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to help teachers use the 14th season of NEWTON'S APPLE in their classrooms and contains lessons formatted to follow the National Science Education Standards. The "Overview,""Main Activity," and "Try-This" sections were created with inquiry-based learning in mind. Each lesson page begins with "Getting Started," which

Wichmann, Sue, Ed.

375

Breccia at the Apple Creek Formation  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS scientist Art Bookstrom hammers on limonite-stained breccia, cutting banded siltite of the Apple Creek Formation, exposed near the Uncle Sam portal of the Blackbird cobalt-copper mine, in the Salmon River Mountains of east-central Idaho....

376

Communicating between the Apple and the Wang  

SciTech Connect

This manual covers what the beginner needs to know in order to transfer files between an Apple's Microcomputer and a Wang's OIS Word Processor. We have also tried to indicate where the experienced user might want to look for additional details. We cover the use of Apple Writer )(, VisiTerm, VisiCalc, and EasyWriter Professional. For us, the two most useful connections are from Applewriter to Wang and from Visicalc to Wang. From Wang to Apple Writer via Visiterm may have some value. Files can be transferred by VisiTerm to Wang, but they arrive with RETURNS in the middle of words, which have to be edited out, so we do not recommend it. We describe how to go from EasyWriter to Wang, but we do not know how to go from Wang to EasyWriter. We see no reason to go from Wang to VisiCalc, so we haven't thought about it. All instructions are given for a typical configuration of the Apple, namely the one on which this manual was composed. It is detailed in the section on Hardware and Software.

Barton, G.W., Downey, R.

1982-10-26

377

Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids from fruits and vegetables may play a key role in reducing chronic disease risk. Apples are a widely consumed, rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption

Jeanelle Boyer; Rui Hai Liu

2004-01-01

378

INDUCIBLE DNA PROMOTERS FOR USE IN APPLE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A chemically inducible and a light inducible DNA promoter is being developed and evaluated for their ability to regulate gene expression in transgenic apple. The estradiol-induced XVE gene expression system (Zou et al. 2000 Plant J. 24:265-273) is regulated by a chimeric transcription factor contai...

379

Sustainable Biocontrol of Apple Insect Pests  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Biocontrol of insect pests is a cornerstone to sustainable production of apples and other crops. The ecology of orchards lends itself to the application of many management options which will enhance the sustainability of biocontrol. Orchards remain in place for decades, allowing for an evolution o...

380

POTENTIAL EXPOSURE OF APPLE THINNERS TO PHOSALONE  

EPA Science Inventory

Apple thinning results in considerable human contact with foliage, fruit, and limbs. This work often occurs during that portion of the growing season when trees are most frequently being sprayed for insect conrol. Therefore, of all workers exposed to pesticide residues upon reent...

381

Low energy electron irradiation of an apple  

E-print Network

is the need to achieve a uniform dose over the entire surface of convoluted shapes. The main goal of this research was to calculate the dose distribution produced by low energy electron irradiation of a typical complex shape, an apple, using Monte Carlo...

Brescia, Giovanni Batista

2002-01-01

382

Identification of apple cultivars using RAPD markers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eleven apple cultivars were differentiated using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers obtained by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The variability of the technique and of the origin of the DNA extract was analyzed. A set of bands consistent in their presence or absence was chosen to create a differentiating band pattern. A key is proposed by which one can

B. Koller; A. Lehmann; J. M. McDermott; C. Gessler

1993-01-01

383

Prevention and control of apple scab  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improved prevention and control of apple scab caused by Venturia inaequalis is aimed at without the use of copper containing products in the Repco-project. Substantial progress is made in selection of potential products against summer epidemics. A patent application is made for E73. New effective biocontrol agents are selected to reduce inoculum during winter. The product potassium bicarbonate has shown

B. Heijne; Jong de P. F; J. Khl; A. G. C. L. Speksnijder; J. Hockenhull; M. Bengtsson; H. Lindhard Pederson; K. Paaske; U. Eiben; L. Tamm; M. Trapman

2006-01-01

384

Freeze Damage to Fruit Crops Apple Thinning  

E-print Network

of Plant Growth Regulators Update on SINBAR Label An Old Pest Makes a Comeback Fire Blight Apple Scab Rust spacing / rootstock combination. Apogee can also reduce the inci- dence of fire blight it does this by not affecting the fire blight bacteria directly, but by reducing the amount of susceptible new shoot growth

Ginzel, Matthew

385

Transcriptional analysis of apple fruit proanthocyanidin biosynthesis  

PubMed Central

Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are products of the flavonoid pathway, which also leads to the production of anthocyanins and flavonols. Many flavonoids have antioxidant properties and may have beneficial effects for human health. PAs are found in the seeds and fruits of many plants. In apple fruit (Malus domestica Borkh.), the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway is most active in the skin, with the flavan-3-ols, catechin, and epicatechin acting as the initiating units for the synthesis of PA polymers. This study examined the genes involved in the production of PAs in three apple cultivars: two heritage apple cultivars, Hetlina and Devonshire Quarrenden, and a commercial cultivar, Royal Gala. HPLC analysis shows that tree-ripe fruit from Hetlina and Devonshire Quarrenden had a higher phenolic content than Royal Gala. Epicatechin and catechin biosynthesis is under the control of the biosynthetic enzymes anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) and leucoanthocyanidin reductase (LAR1), respectively. Counter-intuitively, real-time quantitative PCR analysis showed that the expression levels of Royal Gala LAR1 and ANR were significantly higher than those of both Devonshire Quarrenden and Hetlina. This suggests that a compensatory feedback mechanism may be active, whereby low concentrations of PAs may induce higher expression of gene transcripts. Further investigation is required into the regulation of these key enzymes in apple. Abbreviations:ANOVAanalysis of varianceANRanthocyanidin reductaseDADdiode array detectorDAFBdays after full bloomDFRdihydroflavonol reductaseLARleucoanthocyanidin reductaseLC-MSliquid chromatography/mass spectrometryPAproanthocyanidinqPCRreal-time quantitative PCR PMID:22859681

Henry-Kirk, Rebecca A.

2012-01-01

386

Epidural morphine reduces halothane MAC in the dog.  

PubMed

Morphine, 0.1 mg.kg-1 was administered epidurally on two different occasions to ten dogs to determine the effect of two different volumes of saline dilution, 0.13 and 0.26 ml.kg-1, on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of halothane as determined by subcutaneous electrical current applied to the fore and hind limbs in a random order. Following MAC determination with halothane alone, epidural morphine was administered and MAC was redetermined. Epidural morphine significantly reduced, P less than 0.001, the MAC of halothane for fore and hind legs in both volume groups; from 1.04 +/- 0.038 to 0.68 +/- 0.034 and 0.60 +/- 0.017 for for and hind limbs, respectively, in the large volume group, and from 0.96 +/- 0.038 to 0.66 +/- 0.088 and 0.60 +/- 0.030 for fore and hind limbs, respectively, in the small volume group. The reduction in MAC was significantly greater, P less than 0.025, in the hind limb. This study indicates that epidural morphine reduces the halothane requirements in the dog in a segmental manner. The volume of administration was not shown to be critical. Epidural morphine, 0.1 mg.kg-1, diluted in 0.13 to 0.26 ml.kg-1 saline produces significant analgesia in the dog as far forward as the fore limb and will reduce the halothane requirement to permit surgery. PMID:2582562

Valverde, A; Dyson, D H; McDonell, W N

1989-11-01

387

[Experimental study on the viscoelastic properties of cancellous bone of the os calcaneus, os lunatum and os capitalum].  

PubMed

We have researched the viscoelastic properties of the cancellous bones of the os calcaneus, os lunatum and os capitalum. The compressing stress relaxation experiment and the creep experiment in the vertical, horizontal and 45 degree directions on the os calcaneus were performed. The data and curve of the compressing stress relaxation and creep were obtained. By masing regression analysis we worked out the compressing reduced stress relaxation and creep functions and curves. The results show that the quantities of compressing stress relaxation and creep of the calcaneus in the vertical direction are larger than those in the other two directions. The initial quantities of creep of the os capitalum are larger than those of the os lunatum, and there are no significant different between the quantities of stress relaxation of the cancellous bones of the os lunatum and os capitalum. PMID:14565007

Wang, Yufa; Zhang, Zhongjun; Hei, Fazhi; Ma, Hongshun

2003-09-01

388

40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

2012-07-01

389

40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

2010-07-01

390

40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

2014-07-01

391

40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

2011-07-01

392

7 CFR 319.56-27 - Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea...Vegetables 319.56-27 Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United...

2010-01-01

393

40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

2012-07-01

394

40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

2013-07-01

395

40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

2014-07-01

396

40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

2011-07-01

397

40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

2013-07-01

398

Multistate Outbreak of Listeriosis Linked to Commercially Produced, Prepackaged Caramel Apples  

MedlinePLUS

... sick. Read the Advice to Consumers . Recalled caramel apples may still be in people’s homes. Consumers should ... from eating them. Contaminated commercially produced, prepackaged caramel apples made from Bidart Bros. apples may still be ...

399

40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

2010-07-01

400

Evaluation of apple juice quality using spectral fluorescence signatures.  

PubMed

In current work the method of in vivo evaluation of apple juice degree of naturalness based on Spectral Fluorescence Signature (SFS) is proposed. SFS spectra of intact apple juice were measured as excitation-emission matrix by specially designed compact spectrofluorimeter with front-face optical layout - Instant Screener Compact (LDI AS, Estonia). The data were analysed using PCA method with a view to evaluate the information of polyphenol's content in different commercial juices. Results of PCA analysis have shown a clear separation of juice reconstituted from concentrate, unclarified pasteurised juice and personally squeezed apple juice at the two dimensional PCs space. For implementation of apple juice analysis into spectrofluorimeter software the k-Nearest Neighbor (kNN) Search technique was used. The implemented model was tested using 19 different samples of apple juice. Results of test demonstrate that SFS-PCA-kNN method can provide quick nondestructive analysis of naturalness degree of commercial apple juice. PMID:24444977

Poryvkina, L; Tsvetkova, N; Sobolev, I

2014-01-01

401

Apple Burrknot Borers in New York Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State  

E-print Network

Apple Burrknot Borers in New York Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State DAVID P. KAIN, RICHARD W. STRAUB AND ARTHUR M. AGNELLO Department damage to dwarf apple trees caused by American plum borer, a survey was conducted in the major apple

Agnello, Arthur M.

402

Genetic Diversity of a Natural Population of Apple stem pitting virus Isolated from Apple in Korea  

PubMed Central

Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV), of the Foveavirus genus in the family Betaflexiviridae, is one of the most common viruses of apple and pear trees. To examine variability of the coat protein (CP) gene from ASPV, eight isolates originating from 251 apple trees, which were collected from 22 apple orchards located in intensive apple growing areas of the North Gyeongsang and North Jeolla Provinces in Korea, were sequenced and compared. The nucleotide sequence identity of the CP gene of eight ASPV isolates ranged from 77.0 to 97.0%, while the amino acid sequence identity ranged from 87.7 to 98.5%. The N-terminal region of the viral CP gene was highly variable, whereas the C-terminal region was conserved. Genetic algorithm recombination detection (GARD) and single breakpoint recombination (SBP) analyses identified base substitutions between eight ASPV isolates at positions 54 and 57 and position 771, respectively. GABranch analysis was used to determine whether the eight isolates evolved due to positive selection. All values in the GABranch analysis showed a ratio of substitution rates at non-synonymous and synonymous sites (dNS/dS) below 1, suggestive of strong negative selection forces during ASPV CP history. Although negative selection dominated CP evolution in the eight ASPV isolates, SLAC and FEL tests identified four possible positive selection sites at codons 10, 22, 102, and 158. This is the first study of the ASPV genome in Korea. PMID:25289003

Yoon, Ju Yeon; Joa, Jae Ho; Choi, Kyung San; Do, Ki Seck; Lim, Han Cheol; Chung, Bong Nam

2014-01-01

403

Reading Like a Historian: Truman and MacArthur  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: How did Americans respond to President Trumans decision to fire General MacArthur? The teacher begins by explaining how MacArthur wanted to invade China to resolve the Korean War stalemate in 1951 and why Truman fired him for insubordination. Students are asked to make a prediction: what do you think the reaction was to the firing of this popular general? Students then analyze 3 documents: 1) a memo to Truman tabulating the letters he received after the firing (pro vs. con), 2) a letter by AMVETS supporting the firing, and 3) a very critical letter from a woman in Texas. For the last 2, students answer questions on a graphic organizer in groups. A whole group discussion follows and a quick debriefing on the impacts of the war's conclusion are presented.

Stanford History Education Group

2012-11-04

404

On the Development of Low Power MAC Protocol for WBANs  

E-print Network

Current advances in wireless communication, microelectronics, semiconductor technologies, and intelligent sensors have contributed to the development of unobtrusive WBANs. These networks provide long term health monitoring of patients without any constraint in their normal activities. Traditional MAC protocols do not accommodate the assorted WBAN traffic requirements in a power efficient manner. In this paper, we present a brief discussion on the development process of a low power MAC protocol for WBANs. We observe the behavior of a beacon-enabled IEEE 802.15.4 for on-body sensor networks. We further propose a low power technique called traffic based wakeup mechanism for a WBAN that exploits the traffic patterns of the BAN Nodes to ensure power efficient and reliable communication.

Ullah, Sana; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2009-01-01

405

Getting Started with AppleWorks Data Base. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a hands-on teaching tool for beginning users of the AppleWorks database software. It was developed to allow Apple IIGS users who are generally familiar with their machine and its peripherals to build a simple AppleWorks database file using version 2.0 or 2.1 of the program, and to store, print, and manipulate the file. The materials

Schlenker, Richard M.

406

Using the Apple LaserWriter at ANL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the Apple LaserWriter at ANL (ANL\\/TM 452) explains how Argonne computer users (with CMS, MVS, or VAX\\/VMS accounts) can print quality text and graphics on the Apple LaserWriter. Currently, applications at Argonne that are compatible with the Apple LaserWriter include Waterloo Script, CA\\/ISSCO graphics software (i.e., Cuechart, Tellagraf, and Disspla), SAS\\/Graph, ANSYS (version 4.2), and some personal computer test

S. M. Errion; Thommes; C. M. M. M. Caruthers

1987-01-01

407

Performance Analysis of MAC Protocol for EPON Using OPNET  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a An Ethernet PON (Passive Optical Network) is an economical and efficient access network that has received significant research\\u000a attention in recent years. A MAC (Media Access Control) protocol of the PON, the next generation access network, is based\\u000a primarily on TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access). In this paper, we addressed the problem of a dynamic bandwidth allocation\\u000a in QoS (Quality-of-Service)

Yongseok Chang; Jong-hoon Eom; Chang-gyu Choi; Sung-ho Kim

2003-01-01

408

A power control MAC protocol for ad hoc networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a power control MAC protocol based on the IEEE 802.11 standard. Several researchers have proposed a simple modification of IEEE 802.11 to incorporate power control. The main idea of these power control schemes is to use different power levels for RTS-CTS and DATA-ACK. Specifically, maximum transmit power is used for RTS-CTS, and the minimum required transmit power

Eun-Sun Jung; Nitin H. Vaidya

2002-01-01

409

Macrophage surface glycoproteins binding to galectin-3 (Mac2-antigen)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Galectin-3 (formerly called Mac-2 antigen) is a ?30 kDa carbohydrate-binding protein expressed on the surface of inflammatory\\u000a macrophages and several macrophage cell lines. We have purified from lysates of the murine macrophage cell line WEHI-3 glycoproteins\\u000a that bind to a galectin-3 affinity column. Several of these receptors are labelled after biotinylation of intact cells showing\\u000a their location at the cell

Sucai Dong; R Colin Hughes

1997-01-01

410

SAMPLER: An Optimal MAC Algorithm for Wireless Instrumentation Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless devices provide flexible solutions for industrial instrumentation applications, such as quality control of manufacture of jet engines. In this context, the dominant issues are providing high-throughput, and reliability in the sense of not losing samples due to buffer overflow at the wireless devices. A random medium access control (MAC) scheme, such as the IEEE 802.15.4, is unlikely to perform

Saikat Ray; Ratul K. Guha; Wisam Yasen; Mary Austin

2009-01-01

411

On the Development of Low Power MAC Protocol for WBANs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current advances in wireless communication, microelectronics, semiconductor\\u000atechnologies, and intelligent sensors have contributed to the development of\\u000aunobtrusive WBANs. These networks provide long term health monitoring of\\u000apatients without any constraint in their normal activities. Traditional MAC\\u000aprotocols do not accommodate the assorted WBAN traffic requirements in a power\\u000aefficient manner. In this paper, we present a brief discussion on

Sana Ullah; Pervez Khan; Kyung Sup Kwak

2009-01-01

412

MAC hardware platform for on-body WBAN applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows the design of MAC hardware platform based on IEEE 802.15.6 for on-body WBAN applications. Considering beacon mode with sperframe boundaries, several types of access functions are implemented such as random access and scheduled accesses. And high resolution timers and status control logics are embedded in the FPGA devices for the operation of Tx and Rx control, protocol

Cheolhyo Lee; Hyung-Soo Lee; Sangsung Choi; Jae-Kyung Joo; Bin Go

2010-01-01

413

Ethylene binding site affinity in ripening apples  

SciTech Connect

Scatchard plots for ethylene binding in apples (Malus domestica Borkh.), which were harvested weekly for 5 weeks to include the ethylene climacteric rise, showed C[sub 50] values (concentration of ethylene needed to occupy 50% of the ethylene binding sites) of 0.10, 0.11, 0.34, 0.40, and 0.57 [mu]l ethylene/liter[sup [minus]1], respectively, for each of the 5 weeks. Higher ethylene concentrations were required to saturate the binding sites during the climacteric rise than at other times. Diffusion of [sup 14]C-ethylene from the binding sites was curvilinear and did not show any indication of multiple binding sites. Ethylene was not metabolized by apple tissue.

Blankenship, S.M. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Horticultural Science); Sisler, E.C. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States))

1993-09-01

414

CAMAPPLE: CAMAC interface to the Apple computer  

SciTech Connect

The advent of the personal microcomputer provides a new tool for the debugging, calibration and monitoring of small scale physics apparatus; e.g., a single detector being developed for a larger physics apparatus. With an appropriate interface these microcomputer systems provide a low cost (1/3 the cost of a comparable minicomputer system), convenient, dedicated, portable system which can be used in a fashion similar to that of portable oscilloscopes. Here we describe an interface between the Apple computer and CAMAC which is now being used to study the detector for a Cerenkov ring-imaging device. The Apple is particularly well-suited to this application because of its ease of use, hi-resolution graphics peripheral buss and documentation support.

Williams, S.H.; Oxoby, G.J.; Trang, Q.H.

1981-09-01

415

CAMAPPLE: CAMAC interface to the Apple computer  

SciTech Connect

The advent of the personal microcomputer provides a new tool for the debugging, calibration and monitoring of small scale physics apparatus, e.g., a single detector being developed for a larger physics apparatus. With an appropriate interface these microcomputer systems provide a low cost (1/3 the cost of a comparable minicomputer system), convenient, dedicated, portable system which can be used in a fashion similar to that of portable oscilloscopes. Here, an interface between the Apple computer and CAMAC which is now being used to study the detector for a Cerenkov ring-imaging device is described. The Apple is particularly well-suited to this application because of its ease of use, hi-resolution graphics, peripheral bus and documentation support.

Oxoby, G.J.; Trang, Q.H.; Williams, S.H.

1981-04-01

416

Micromechanics Analysis Code (MAC). User Guide: Version 2.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ability to accurately predict the thermomechanical deformation response of advanced composite materials continues to play an important role in the development of these strategic materials. Analytical models that predict the effective behavior of composites are used not only by engineers performing structural analysis of large-scale composite components but also by material scientists in developing new material systems. For an analytical model to fulfill these two distinct functions it must be based on a micromechanics approach which utilizes physically based deformation and life constitutive models and allows one to generate the average (macro) response of a composite material given the properties of the individual constituents and their geometric arrangement. Here the user guide for the recently developed, computationally efficient and comprehensive micromechanics analysis code's (MAC) who's predictive capability rests entirely upon the fully analytical generalized method of cells (GMC), micromechanics model is described. MAC is a versatile form of research software that 'drives' the double or triply periodic micromechanics constitutive models based upon GMC. MAC enhances the basic capabilities of GMC by providing a modular framework wherein (1) various thermal, mechanical (stress or strain control) and thermomechanical load histories can be imposed, (2) different integration algorithms may be selected, (3) a variety of constituent constitutive models may be utilized and/or implemented, and (4) a variety of fiber and laminate architectures may be easily accessed through their corresponding representative volume elements.

Wilt, T. E.; Arnold, S. M.

1996-01-01

417

Rehydration of Apple Dried by Different Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple var. Idared cut into cubes was dried by convection and freeze-dried. Dried cubes were equilibrated to variable water activities by storage over saturated salt solutions (range 00.33). Rehydration was done for one hour in water at 20C. Increase in both mass and volume of cubes was followed during rehydration. Changes in height of a cube were recorded using a

P. P. Lewicki; J. Wiczkowska

2006-01-01

418

Feature iOS Android Announcements  

E-print Network

Feature iOS Android Announcements Discussion Forums Workbin Grade Book Roster MultimediaBook Forum What's New Course Description Text and Readings Announcements iOS Android View Notification: Notify students as soon as announcement is posted Discussion Forums iOS Android View Discussion

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

419

'13 2013/3/7-8 1234 The System Which Promotes Communication  

E-print Network

Bluetooth [6] Bluetooth SNS [7] 2. 2.1 Apple iOS 5.1 iPhone 3 1 2 Facebook 3 2 Bluetooth 6 4.2 Apple iOS 5.1 iPhone Objective-C Apple MacBookAir (Mac OS X 10.5.1 24 24 3.6 3.6.1 1. A B 2. 2 Facebook 3. A B 4. 5. 3.6.2 1. A B 2. 2 3. 4

Tanaka, Jiro

420

Association of Genetic Variation in Adaptor Protein APPL1/APPL2 Loci with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease  

PubMed Central

The importance of genetics and epigenetic changes in the pathogenesis of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasingly recognized. Adiponectin has a central role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism and controlling inflammation in insulin-sensitive tissues and low adiponectin levels have been linked to NAFLD. APPL1 and APPL2 are adaptor proteins that interact with the intracellular region of adiponectin receptors and mediate adiponectin signaling and its effects on metabolism. The aim of our study was the evaluation of a potential association between variants at APPL1 and APPL2 loci and NAFLD occurrence. The impact on liver damage and hepatic steatosis severity has been also evaluated. To this aim allele frequency and genotype distribution of APPL1- rs3806622 and -rs4640525 and APPL2-rs 11112412 variants were evaluated in 223 subjects with clinical diagnosis of NAFLD and compared with 231 healthy subjects. The impact of APPL1 and APPL2 SNPs on liver damage and hepatic steatosis severity has been also evaluated. The minor-allele combination APPL1-C/APPL2-A was associated with an increased risk of NAFLD (OR?=?2.50 95% CI 1.454.32; p<0.001) even after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), triglycerides and adiponectin levels. This allele combination carrier had higher plasma alanine aminotransferase levels (Diff?=?15.08 [7.6022.57] p?=?0.001) and an increased frequency of severe steatosis compared to the reference allele combination (OR?=?3.88; 95% CI 1.5829.531; p<0.001). In conclusion, C-APPL1/A-APPL2 allele combination is associated with NAFLD occurrence, with a more severe hepatic steatosis grade and with a reduced adiponectin cytoprotective effect on liver. PMID:23977033

Barbieri, Michelangela; Esposito, Antonietta; Angellotti, Edith; Rizzo, Maria Rosaria; Marfella, Raffaele; Paolisso, Giuseppe

2013-01-01

421

MAC of sevoflurane in humans and the New Zealand white rabbit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane necessary to prevent movement in 50 per cent of patients (MAC) was determined\\u000a to be 2.05 per cent in 20 adult surgical patients. Because this value was higher than the only other experimentally determined\\u000a human MAC value for sevoflurane (1.71 per cent), MAC was also determined in New Zealand white rabbits. Comparisons of the

Mark S. Scheller; Lawrence J. Saidman; Brian L. Partridge

1988-01-01

422

MQ-MAC: A Multi-Constrained QoS-Aware Duty Cycle MAC for Heterogeneous Traffic in Wireless Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

Energy conservation is one of the striking research issues now-a-days for power constrained wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and hence, several duty-cycle based MAC protocols have been devised for WSNs in the last few years. However, assimilation of diverse applications with different QoS requirements (i.e., delay and reliability) within the same network also necessitates in devising a generic duty-cycle based MAC protocol that can achieve both the delay and reliability guarantee, termed as multi-constrained QoS, while preserving the energy efficiency. To address this, in this paper, we propose a Multi-constrained QoS-aware duty-cycle MAC for heterogeneous traffic in WSNs (MQ-MAC). MQ-MAC classifies the traffic based on their multi-constrained QoS demands. Through extensive simulation using ns-2 we evaluate the performance of MQ-MAC. MQ-MAC provides the desired delay and reliability guarantee according to the nature of the traffic classes as well as achieves energy efficiency. PMID:22163439

Monowar, Muhammad Mostafa; Rahman, Md. Obaidur; Hong, Choong Seon; Lee, Sungwon

2010-01-01

423

Endosomal Adaptor Proteins APPL1 and APPL2 Are Novel Activators of ?-Catenin/TCF-mediated Transcription*  

PubMed Central

Canonical Wnt signaling regulates many aspects of cellular physiology and tissue homeostasis during development and in adult organisms. In molecular terms, stimulation by Wnt ligands leads to the stabilization of ?-catenin, its translocation to the nucleus, and stimulation of TCF (T-cell factor)-dependent transcription of target genes. This process is controlled at various stages by a number of regulatory proteins, including transcriptional activators and repressors. Here we demonstrate that the endosomal proteins APPL1 and APPL2 are novel activators of ?-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription. APPL proteins are multifunctional adaptors and effectors of the small GTPase Rab5, which localize to a subpopulation of early endosomes but are also capable of nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. Overexpression of APPL1 or APPL2 protein stimulates the activity of ?-catenin/TCF-dependent reporter construct, whereas silencing of APPL1 reduces it. Both APPL proteins interact directly with Reptin, a transcriptional repressor binding to ?-catenin and HDAC1 (histone deacetylase 1), and this interaction was mapped to the pleckstrin homology domain of APPL1. Moreover, APPL proteins are present in an endogenous complex containing Reptin, ?-catenin, HDAC1, and HDAC2. Overexpression of either APPL protein relieves Reptin-dependent transcriptional repression and correlates with the reduced amounts of HDACs and ?-catenin associated with Reptin as well as with the lower levels of Reptin and HDAC1 on the promoters of ?-catenin target genes. We propose that APPL proteins exert their stimulatory effects on ?-catenin/TCF-dependent transcription by decreasing the activity of a Reptin-containing repressive complex. PMID:19433865

Rashid, Sajid; Pilecka, Iwona; Torun, Anna; Olchowik, Marta; Bielinska, Beata; Miaczynska, Marta

2009-01-01

424

Apple juice greatly reduces systemic exposure to atenolol  

PubMed Central

AIM Fruit juice reduces the plasma concentrations of several ?-adrenoceptor blockers, likely by inhibiting OATP2B1-mediated intestinal absorption. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of apple juice on the pharmacokinetics of atenolol. METHODS Twelve healthy Korean volunteers with genotypes of SLCO2B1 c.1457C> T (*1/*1 (n= 6) and *3/*3 (n= 6)) were enrolled in this study. In a three-phase, one-sequence crossover study, the pharmacokinetics (PK) of atenolol was evaluated after administration of 50 mg atenolol. Subjects received atenolol with either 300 ml water, 1200 ml apple juice or 600 ml apple juice. RESULTS Apple juice markedly reduced the systemic exposure to atenolol. The geometric mean ratios (95% confidence intervals) of apple juice : water were 0.18 (0.13, 0.25, 1200 ml) and 0.42 (0.30, 0.59, 600 ml) for the AUC(0,tlast). In this study, the PK parameters of atenolol responded in a dose-dependent manner to apple juice. CONCLUSIONS Apple juice markedly reduced systemic exposure to atenolol. The genetic variation of SLCO2B1 c.1457C>T had a minimal effect on the pharmacokinetics of atenolol when the drug was administered with water or apple juice. PMID:22574741

Jeon, Hyewon; Jang, In-Jin; Lee, SeungHwan; Ohashi, Kyoichi; Kotegawa, Tsutomu; Ieiri, Ichiro; Cho, Joo-Youn; Yoon, Seo Hyun; Shin, Sang-Goo; Yu, Kyung-Sang; Lim, Kyoung Soo

2013-01-01

425

Formatting Data Disks for Use with the Apple IIe Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This step-by-step guide to formatting disks using the AppleWorks software on the Apple IIe computer covers (1) loading the program; (2) formatting the disk; (3) volume naming; and (4) exiting the format options. Eleven sample screen displays illustrate the steps. (MES)

Schlenker, Richard M.

426

The inheritance of fruit colour in apple (Malus pumila Mill.)  

E-print Network

The inheritance of fruit colour in apple (Malus pumila Mill.) Allan G. WHITE Yves LESPINASSE indicate the presence of a major dominant gene for red colour in the skin of apple fruit (WILCOX & ANGELO d'un s6jour de 6 mois effectué par le premier auteur. (WILCOX & ANGELO, 1936 ; KLEIN, 1958 ; BROWN

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

80 FR 22619 - Importation of Apples From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Copies of the full analysis are available by contacting...Phylogenetic and pathogenic analyses show that the causal...be near actual apple trees. Unless Monilinia fructigena...regulatory flexibility analysis, apples are not inexpensive...size, color, flavor, texture, freshness,...

2015-04-23

428

Sharing the Arts of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Apple Dolls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on apple dolls is one of eight modules designed to provide instruction on authentic Blue Ridge Mountain crafts to adult basic education students at a low cost. Contents include notes on the apple doll making; process used, including equipment and materials, as well as method described narratively and graphically; and the followup,

Holman, Martha; Gailey, Lamar

429

Mapping Malus sieversii: A valuable genetic resource for apple breeding  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA-ARS Plant Genetic Resources Unit has established a collection of Malus from around the world in order to preserve and develop genetic resources important to the apple industry. Among this collection is Malus sieversii, the main progenitor of the domestic apple, collected from Central Asia ...

430

TEMPORAL RESPONSE OF APPLE (MALUS) TO FIRE BLIGHT DISEASE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Fire blight, caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora, is a destructive disease of apple, pear, and other plants in the subfamily Maloideae of the Rosaceae. The goal of this study was to use a global analysis of gene expression to characterize the temporal response of apple to infection by E. amyl...

431

Effect of osmotic dewatering on apple tissue structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple cubes were subjected to osmotic dehydration in 61.5% sucrose and changes in tissue structure were examined in light microscope. Fixed and embedded in raisin 3 ?m thick slices were analysed and indices characterising apple tissue structure were calculated with computer image analysis. It was found that osmotic dehydration affects size and shape of cells, and in consequence changes shape

Piotr P. Lewicki; Renata Porzecka-Pawlak

2005-01-01

432

Reading Michael Apple--The Sociological Imagination at Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses Michael Apple's contribution to the sociology of education and education policy analysis and the politics of education. It focuses on ways of "reading" Apple as an intellectual and an activist and looks at the trajectory of his work over a long and illustrious career.

Ball, Stephen J.

2007-01-01

433

Radioprotective properties of apple polyphenols: An in vitro study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Present study was undertaken to evaluate the radioprotective ability of total polyphenols extracted from edible portion (epicarp and mesocarp) of apple. Prior administration of apple polyphenols to murine thymocytes significantly countered radiation induced DNA damage (evaluated by alkaline halo assay) and cell death (trypan blue exclusion method) in a dose dependent manner maximally at a concentration of 2 and 0.2

Pankaj Chaudhary; Sandeep Kumar Shukla; I. Prem Kumar; I. Namita; Farhat Afrin; Rakesh Kumar Sharma

2006-01-01

434

Gene expression profiles of auxin metabolism in maturing apple fruit  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Variation exists among apple genotypes in fruit maturation and ripening patterns that influences at-harvest fruit firmness and postharvest storability. Based on the results from our previous large-scale transcriptome profiling on apple fruit maturation and well-documented auxin-ethylene crosstalk, t...

435

QTL mapping of fire blight resistance in apple  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fire blight caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora is a severe threat to apple and pear orchards worldwide. Apple varieties exhibit a wide range of relative susceptibility\\/tolerance to fire blight. Although, no monogenic resistance against fire blight has been identified yet, recent evidence indicates the existence of quantitative resistance. Potential sources of fire blight resistance include several wild Malus species

Muhammad A. Khan; Brion Duffy; Cesare Gessler; Andrea Patocchi

2006-01-01

436

Sources and availability of Sphaeropsis pyriputrescens inoculum in apple orchards  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sphaeropsis pyriputrescens (SP) is the cause of Sphaeropsis rot, a recently reported postharvest fruit rot disease of apple. Infections of apple fruit by the fungus occur in the orchard, and symptoms develop during storage or in the market. SP also is the cause of a twig dieback and canker disease o...

437

RELATIVE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF NEW APPLE CULTIVARS TO ARTHROPOD PESTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

As part of a regional NE-183 project (Multidisciplinary Evaluation of New Apple Cultivars), 23 apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) cultivars were evaluated for arthropod pest susceptibility. Incidence or injury data were collected from six foliage and eight fruit pests under field conditions over a fou...

438

An approach to non-destructive apple fruit chlorophyll determination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development on the tree of Elstar, Jonagold apples (CW 30CW 45), and Idared, and Golden Delicious apples (CW 36CW 41) was monitored using a recently available, accurate and inexpensive spectroscopic technique. With this technique a spectrum can be obtained at 256 discrete wavelengths in the range from 300 to 1100 nm within 400 ms. In practice the spectral response to

Manuela Zude-Sasse; Ingo Truppel; Bernd Herold

2002-01-01

439

New Hampshire Apple Orchards as a Source of Arsenic Contamination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concern about high trace metal contamination in New Hampshire water supplies has focused attention on the fate of both natural and anthropogenic trace metals in the environment. We investigate apple orchards as a possible source of As in surface water and groundwater of New Hampshire. Lead arsenate sprays were widely used as fungicides and insecticides in apple orchards for more

C. K. Wong; C. E. Renshaw; X. Feng; S. Sturup

2002-01-01

440

Nondestructive dynamic testing of apples for firmness evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two nondestructive dynamic test methods, low-mass impact and acoustic response, were tested and compared with destructive compression and penetration tests to evaluate apple firmness. The purpose of the study was to analyze the performance of the impact test methods for nondestructive firmness evaluation, and to assess whether the acoustic tests could add sorting capacity to low-mass impact testing in apples.

I Shmulevich; N Galili; M. S Howarth

2003-01-01

441

Application of chemometrics to the 1H NMR spectra of apple juices: discrimination between apple varieties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrimination between apple juices produced from different varieties (Spartan, Bramley, Russet) has been achieved by applying principal components analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis to 1H NMR spectra of the juices. The use of covariance and correlation matrix PCA methods was investigated and different regions of the spectrum were analysed in view of the large range of signal intensities. All

Peter S Belton; Ian J Colquhoun; E. Katherine Kemsley; Ivonne Delgadillo; Paula Roma; M. John Dennis; Matthew Sharman; Elaine Holmes; Jeremy K Nicholson; Manfred Spraul

1998-01-01

442

A Real-Time Apple Grading System Using Multicolor Space  

PubMed Central

This study was focused on the multicolor space which provides a better specification of the color and size of the apple in an image. In the study, a real-time machine vision system classifying apples into four categories with respect to color and size was designed. In the analysis, different color spaces were used. As a result, 97% identification success for the red fields of the apple was obtained depending on the values of the parameter a of CIE L*a*b*color space. Similarly, 94% identification success for the yellow fields was obtained depending on the values of the parameter y of CIE XYZ color space. With the designed system, three kinds of apples (Golden, Starking, and Jonagold) were investigated by classifying them into four groups with respect to two parameters, color and size. Finally, 99% success rate was achieved in the analyses conducted for 595 apples. PMID:24574880

2014-01-01

443

For Macintosh User's Guide  

E-print Network

For Macintosh 9.0 User's Guide #12;Norton AntiVirusTM for Macintosh User's Guide The software, Mac OS, and the Mac logo are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Other brands and product names THE SOFTWARE. SYMANTEC CORPORATION AND/OR ITS SUBSIDIARIES ("SYMANTEC") IS WILLING TO LICENSE THE SOFTWARE

Khatiwala, Samar

444

Unidade NATAL: Rua Carlos Serrano, 2073 -CEP 59076-740 -Natal -RN -BRASIL -FONE: (84) 3204 9100 -PEDIDO DE COTAO ELETRNICA N 053/2012  

E-print Network

software o Usurios do Mac: Mac OS X 10.5x ou superior Navegador Apple Safari 3 ou superior para ver o), pontes de udio, reprodutores iTunesTM, porta-retratos, TVs ligadas na rede, etc. o Software incluso instalar o software o Usurios do Linux: Linux: Redhat 9, Enterprise 4/5, Gentoo, Mandrake 10, Devian 4

445

Patulin surveillance in apple cider and juice marketed in Michigan.  

PubMed

Patulin is the most common mycotoxin found in apples and apple juices. The objective of this study was to determine the concentrations of patulin in (i) apple cider produced and marketed by Michigan apple cider mills during the fall seasons of 2002 to 2003 and 2003 to 2004 and (ii) apple juice and cider, including shelf-stable products, marketed in retail grocery stores in Michigan throughout 2005 and 2006. End product samples (n=493) obtained from 104 Michigan apple cider mills were analyzed for patulin concentration by using solid-phase extraction followed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Patulin was detected (> or =4 microg/liter) in 18.7% of all cider mill samples, with 11 samples (2.2%) having patulin concentrations of > or =50 microg/liter. A greater percentage of cider samples obtained from mills using thermal pasteurization contained detectable patulin (28.4%) than did those from mills using UV light radiation (13.5%) or no pathogen reduction treatment (17.0%). Among retail grocery store samples (n=159), 23% of apple juice and cider samples contained detectable patulin, with 18 samples (11.3%) having patulin concentrations of > or =50 microg/liter. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) action level for patulin is 50 microg/kg. Some apple juice samples obtained from retail grocery stores had exceptionally high patulin concentrations, ranging up to 2700 microg/liter. Collectively, these results indicate that most apple cider and juice test samples from Michigan were below the FDA action level for patulin but that certain apple cider and juice processors have inadequate controls over patulin concentrations in final products. The industry, overall, should focus on improved quality of fruit used in juice production and improve culling procedures to reduce patulin concentrations. PMID:19610336

Harris, Kerri L; Bobe, Gerd; Bourquin, Leslie D

2009-06-01

446

Introduction The apple maggot is one of the most important economic insect pests of apples in New  

E-print Network

Hampshire. This native insect is also known as the "railroad worm." It is a northern pest of apples, ranging laying does not occur until 8-10 days after the fly has emerged. The eggs are deposited in tiny punctures throughout the apple. The maggot feeding resembles a complex system of railroads. That is how the name

New Hampshire, University of

447

Characteristics and performance of four new apple rootstock from the Cornell-USDA apple rootstock breeding program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In 2010, the apple rootstock breeding program at Geneva, NY released 4 new apple rootstocks (Geneva 210, Geneva 214, Geneva 890 and Geneva 969). G.210 is a semi-dwarfing rootstock with vigor similar to M.7, with high productivity similar to M.9 and resistance to fire blight, phytophthora root ro...

448

7.5 Declaration in Apple vs. Microsoft/Hewlett-Packard  

E-print Network

327 7.5 Declaration in Apple vs. Microsoft/Hewlett-Packard Ben Shneiderman I, Ben Shneiderman declarations and to further identify the arrangement that is unique to Apple and that makes the overall Petrie, Attorneys for Plaintiff, Apple Computer, Inc.; APPLE COMPUTER, INC., Plaintiff, vs. MCROSOFT CORP

Shneiderman, Ben

449

The effects of floral understoreys on parasitism of leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on apples in New Zealand  

E-print Network

) on apples in New Zealand N. A. Irvin, S. L. Scarratt, S. D. Wratten, C. M. Frampton*, R. B. Chapman and J. M leafroller pests were carried out in apples at Lincoln, New Zealand. 2 Apple understoreys were planted (Fagopyrum esculentum). 3 Rates of parasitism of experimentally released larvae of the light-brown apple moth

Irvin, Nicola A.

450

Historical Perspectives on Apple Production: Fruit Tree Pest Management, Regulation and  

E-print Network

2 Historical Perspectives on Apple Production: Fruit Tree Pest Management, Regulation and New. Historical Use of Pesticides in Apple Production Overview of Apple Production and Pest Management Prior in Apple Production Chemical Residues in Early Insect Management Historical Chemical Regulation Recent

Jentsch, Peter J.

451

7.5 Declaration in Apple vs. Microsoft/HewlettPackard  

E-print Network

327 7.5 Declaration in Apple vs. Microsoft/HewlettPackard Ben Shneiderman I, Ben Shneiderman declarations and to further identify the arrangement that is unique to Apple and that makes the overall Petrie, Attorneys for Plaintiff, Apple Computer, Inc.; APPLE COMPUTER, INC., Plaintiff, vs. MCROSOFT CORP

Golbeck, Jennifer

452

Apple Defect Detection and Quality Classification with MLP-Neural Networks  

E-print Network

Apple Defect Detection and Quality Classification with MLP-Neural Networks Devrim UNAY, Bernard' apples is shown. Color, texture and wavelet features are extracted from the apple images. Principal-classifications. The European Union defines three quality classes ("extra", "I", and "II") for the fresh apples

Dupont, Stphane

453

Two closely related endocytic proteins that share a common OCRL-binding motif with APPL1  

E-print Network

Two closely related endocytic proteins that share a common OCRL-binding motif with APPL1 Laura E effector APPL1 (Adaptor Protein containing pleck- strin homology [PH] domain, PTB domain and Leucine zipper motif 1) APPL1 for OCRL binding. Ses binding is mutually exclusive with APPL1 binding, and is disrupted

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

454

Effect of osmotic dewatering on rheological properties of apple subjected to convective drying  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple v. Idared cut in cubes was dewatered by osmosis and subsequently dried by convection. Dewatering caused substantial changes in mechanical properties of apple tissue. Shrinkage due to osmotic pre-treatment was small but stiffness was half the value obtained by convective drying of apple cubes to the same final water content. In a viscous-elastic model of apple tissue, osmotic treatment

Piotr P Lewicki; Anna Lukaszuk

2000-01-01

455

Use of cyclodextrin-based polymer for patulin analysis in apple juice  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Penicillium expansum, one of the patulin producing fungi that causes decay on apple, is recognized as the main source of patulin contamination on apple and apple products. The widely used method for patulin analysis in apple juice is liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate followed by HPLC-UV or...

456

Creating, Storing, and Dumping Low and High Resolution Graphics on the Apple IIe Microcomputer System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This description of procedures for dumping high and low resolution graphics using the Apple IIe microcomputer system focuses on two special hardware configurations that are commonly used in schools--the Apple Dot Matrix Printer with the Apple Parallel Interface Card, and the Imagewriter Printer with the Apple Super Serial Interface Card. Special

Fletcher, Richard K., Jr.

457

3D Surface Reconstruction and Analysis in Automated Apple Stem-End/Calyx Identification  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Machine vision methods are widely used in apple defect detection and quality grading applications. Currently, 2D near-infrared (NIR) imaging of apples is often used to detect apple defects because the image intensity of the defect is different from the normal apple tissue. However, a drawback of t...

458

Gene expression profiles for two auxin transporters during apple fruit maturation and ripening  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The maturation and ripening patterns of apple varieties differ greatly due to their long history of cultivation, self-incompatible nature and the high-level heterozygosity of the apple genome. The ripening season across elite apple cultivars can span more than three months. Apple maturation and ripe...

459

Gabor feature-based apple quality inspection using kernel principal component analysis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Automated inspection of apple quality involves computer recognition of good apples and blemished apples based on geometric or statistical features derived from apple images. This paper introduces a Gabor feature-based kernel, principal component analysis (PCA) method; by combining Gabor wavelet rep...

460

Comparison of three drying processes to obtain an apple peel food ingredient  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple peel, a waste product from dried apple manufacture, has a high content of bioactive phenolic compounds. In Chile ca. 9000 ton of apple peel are generated each year. To obtain a novel food ingredient, we compared three drying processes on Granny Smith apple peel: oven (60C), drum dryer (110C), and freeze drying. The influence of each drying technology on

M. Henrquez; S. Almonacid; M. Lutz; R. Simpson; M. Valdenegro

2012-01-01

461

The MacFixIt 1998 Toolbox Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently honored by Yahoo! Internet Life as one of the "Best of the Best Sites for 1998," MacFixIt has long been a quality source for Macintosh troubleshooting information. The Toolbox Awards, new this year, are given to utilities "most essential for inclusion in a troubleshooter's toolbox." To be considered for the award, a utility has to have demonstrable troubleshooting or problem solving capabilities. One winner and four honorable mentions have been awarded in two categories: commercial and share/freeware. This year's winners include a wide array of tools: utilities for disk repair, file navigation, extension management, network monitoring, and more.

462

Analytical Performance Evaluation of the R-BTMA MAC Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper deals with an analytical modelization of the R-BTMA (Reservation- Busy-Tone Multiple Access) protocol. The R-BTMA\\u000a is a MAC protocol designed for short-range Mobile Radio communications between vehicles in a decentralized context (i.e. without\\u000a Base Station). The specificity of this protocol relies on the utilization of 2 different characteristic channels. Information\\u000a is transmitted on the Data Channel (DC), whereas

Sami Tabbane; Bach Ngoc Bui; Philippe Godlewski

463

Visualizing enzyme infusion into apple tissue.  

PubMed

Enzymes traditionally used in food processing are applied to ground or macerated tissue with little or no retention of cellular structure. More recently developed applications use enzymes to selectively alter tissue properties while retaining some structure. Process development has been hindered by the lack of conclusive evidence showing that enzyme infusion into plant tissue pieces is possible. This study provides direct evidence that such infusion is possible by using fluorescence microscopy to monitor vacuum infusion of fluorescein-labeled alpha-amylase into apple cubes. This method is generally applicable to any plant or animal tissue and to any macromolecule capable of derivatization. PMID:11141264

Culver, C A; Bjurlin, M A; Fulcher, R G

2000-12-01

464

Apple EIN3 BINDING F-box 1 inhibits the activity of three apple EIN3-like transcription factors  

PubMed Central

Background and aims Fruit ripening in Malus domestica (apple) is controlled by ethylene. Work in model species has shown that following the detection of ethylene, the ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 3 (EIN3) transcription factor is stabilized, leading to an increase in transcript accumulation of ethylene-responsive genes, such as POLYGALACTURONASE1 (PG1). In the absence of ethylene, the EIN3 BINDING F-box (EBF) proteins rapidly degrade EIN3 via the ubiquitination/SCF (Skp, Cullin, F-Box) proteasome pathway. In this study, we aim to identify and characterize the apple EBF genes, and test their activity against apple EIN3-like proteins (EILs). Methodology The apple genome sequence was mined for EBF-like genes. The expression of EBF-like genes was measured during fruit development. Using a transient assay in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves, the activity of three apple EILs was tested against the PG1 promoter, with and without ethylene and EBF1. Principal results Four EBF-like genes in apple were identified and grouped into two sub-clades. Sub-clade I genes had constant expression over fruit development while sub-clade II genes increased in expression at ripening. EBF1 was shown to reduce the transactivation of the apple PG1 promoter by the EIL1, EIL2 and EIL3 transcription factors in the presence of ethylene. Conclusions The apple EBF1 gene identified here is likely to be a functionally conserved EBF orthologue, modulating EIL activity in apples. The activity of EBF1 suggests that it is not specific to a single EIL, instead acting as a global regulator of apple EIL transcription factors. PMID:23585922

Tacken, Emma J.; Ireland, Hilary S.; Wang, Yen-Yi; Putterill, Jo; Schaffer, Robert J.

2012-01-01

465

An Adaptive Energy-Efficient and Low-Latency MAC for Data Gathering in Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many sensor network applications the major traffic pattern consists of data collected from several source nodes to a sink through a unidirectional tree. In this paper, we propose DMAC, an energy efficient and low latency MAC that is designed and optimized for such data gathering trees in wireless sensor networks. We first show that previously proposed MAC protocols for

Gang Lu; Bhaskar Krishnamachari; Cauligi S. Raghavendra

466

A Low Latency MAC scheme for Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

A Low Latency MAC scheme for Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks Hung-Cuong LE 1 , Herv GUYENNET which we call LLMAC (Low Latency MAC) for event-driven wireless sensor networks (WSN). In this kind Introduction Wireless sensor network is a very hot research topic tendency in distributed systems. A WSN

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

467

RMAC: A Routing-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

RMAC: A Routing-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Shu Du Amit Kumar--Duty-cycle MAC protocols have been proposed to meet the demanding energy requirements of wireless sensor networks. INTRODUCTION Large-scale wireless sensor networks have a significant po- tential in applications

Riedi, Rudolf H.

468

An efficient geo-routing aware MAC protocol for underwater acoustic networks  

E-print Network

January 2011 Copyright ? 2011 Zhu et al., licensed to ICST. This is an open access article distributedAn efficient geo-routing aware MAC protocol for underwater acoustic networks Yibo Zhu*, Zhong Zhou of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA Abstract In this paper, we propose an efficient geo-routing aware MAC

Zhou, Shengli

469

Subcellular localization and dynamics of Mac-1 (alpha m beta 2) in human neutrophils.  

PubMed

The subcellular localization of Mac-1 was determined in resting and stimulated human neutrophils after disruption by nitrogen cavitation and fractionation on two-layer Percoll density gradients. Light membranes were further separated by high voltage free flow electrophoresis. Mac-1 was determined by an ELISA with monoclonal antibodies that were specific for the alpha-chain (CD11b). In unstimulated neutrophils, 75% of Mac-1 colocalized with specific granules including gelatinase granules, 20% with secretory vesicles and the rest with plasma membranes. Stimulation with nanomolar concentrations of FMLP resulted in the translocation of Mac-1 from secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane, and only minimal translocation from specific granules and gelatinase granules. Stimulation with PMA or Ionomycin resulted in full translocation of Mac-1 from secretory vesicles and gelatinase granules to the plasma membrane, and partial translocation of Mac-1 from specific granules. These findings were corroborated by flow cytometry, which demonstrated a 6-10-fold increase in the surface membrane content of Mac-1 in response to stimulation with FMLP, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, IL-8, leukotriene B4, platelet-activating factor, TNF-alpha, and zymosan-activated serum, and a 25-fold increase in response to Ionomycin. Thus, secretory vesicles constitute the most important reservoir of Mac-1 that is incorporated into the plasma membrane during stimulation with inflammatory mediators. PMID:8376598

Sengelv, H; Kjeldsen, L; Diamond, M S; Springer, T A; Borregaard, N

1993-09-01

470

Mac-1 promotes Fc?RIIA-dependent cell spreading and migration on immune complexes  

PubMed Central

The integrin Mac-1 plays a critical role in Fc receptor (FcR)-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). However, the mechanism by which Mac-1 facilitates the functions of Fc?RIIA, a major FcR expressed on human leukocytes, is not fully understood. We report here that Mac-1 sustains cell adhesion, enhances cell spreading, and accelerates cell migration on pre-formed immune complexes (ICs) by directly interacting with Fc?RIIA but not with the IC substrate. Coupling Mac-1 to Fc?RIIA allows Fc?RIIA to reside in the leading front of actin polymerization at the filopodial extension, and thus could potentially enhance the Fc?RIIA-mediated cell spreading and migration. Direct interaction between Mac-1 and Fc?RIIA is demonstrated by co-immunoprecipitation, by cell surface co-localization, and by solid-phase binding assays using recombinant ?MI-domain and soluble Fc?RIIA. Further mutational analysis identifies the E253-R261 sequence within the ?MI-domain as part of the Fc?RIIA binding interface within Mac-1. Altogether, these results demonstrate that Fc?RIIA recognizes Mac-1 via the ?MI-domain but not the lectin domain, a distinct feature from other FcRs, and that Mac-1 binding confers Fc?RIIA with the ability to prolong cell adhesion as well as to spread and migrate on the ICs, leading to effective cell killing by ADCC. PMID:16846215

Xiong, Ying; Cao, Chunzhang; Makarova, Alexandra; Hyman, Brad; Zhang, Li

2008-01-01

471

An Adaptive Energy-Efficient and Low-Latency MAC for Data Gathering in Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract, In many sensor network applications the major traffic pattern consists of data collected from several source nodes to a sink through a unidirectional tree. In this paper, we propose DMAC, an energy efficient and low latency MAC that is designed and optimized for such data gathering trees in wireless sensor networks. We first show that previously proposed MAC protocols

B. K. Gang Lu; C. Raghavendra

2004-01-01

472

PMAC: An Adaptive Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a novel adaptive MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks. In existing protocols such as SMAC (1), the sensor nodes are put to sleep periodically to save energy. As the duty cycle is fixed in such protocols, the network throughput can degrade under heavy traffic, while under light loads, unwanted energy consumption can occur. In the proposed Pattern-MAC (PMAC)

Tao Zheng; Sridhar Radhakrishnan; Venkatesh Sarangan

2005-01-01

473

A concurrent access MAC protocol for cognitive radio ad hoc networks without common control channel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cognitive radio ad hoc networks (CRAHNs) consist of autonomous nodes that operate in ad hoc mode and aim at efficient utilization of spectrum resources. Usually, the cognitive nodes in a CRAHN exploit a number of available channels, but these channels are not necessarily common to all nodes. Such a network environment poses the problem of establishing a common control channel (CCC) as there might be no channel common to all the network members at all. In designing protocols, therefore, it is highly desirable to consider the network environment with no CCC. In this article, we propose a MAC protocol called concurrent access MAC (CA-MAC) that operates in the network environment with no CCC. The two devices in a communication pair can communicate with each other even if they have only one common channel available. Therefore, the problems with CCC (such as channel saturation and denial of service attacks) can also be resolved. In CA-MAC, channel accesses are distributed over communication pairs, resulting in increased network connectivity. In addition, CA-MAC allows different communication pairs to access multiple channels concurrently. According to our performance study, CA-MAC provides higher network connectivity with shorter channel access delay compared to SYN-MAC, which is the conventional key MAC protocol for the network environment with no CCC, resulting in better network throughput.

Timalsina, Sunil K.; Moh, Sangman; Chung, Ilyong; Kang, Moonsoo

2013-12-01

474

Efficient MAC in Cognitive Radio Systems: A Game-Theoretic Approach  

E-print Network

1 Efficient MAC in Cognitive Radio Systems: A Game-Theoretic Approach Mark Felegyhazi, Member, we study the problem of efficient medium access control (MAC) among cognitive radio devices and Pareto-optimal. Furthermore, we propose simple mechanisms that enable selfish cognitive radio devices

Bencsth, Boldizsr

475

Self-Admitted Pretensions of Mac Users on a Predominantly PC University Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present qualitative research study addressed the overall research question of college students' pretention dynamics in the context of a university setting. Thirty-five Mac users were interviewed on a university campus that exclusively supports PC machines. Mac users shared four self-admitted pretensions related to using Macintosh computers.

Firmin, Michael W.; Wood, Whitney L. Muhlenkamp; Firmin, Ruth L.; Wood, Jordan C.

2010-01-01

476

Morphological evaluation of sperm from infertile men selected by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS).  

PubMed

Electron microscopy analysis performed in five infertile human subjects after sperm selection by swim-up followed by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) demonstrated a decrease in the number of spermatozoa with characteristics compatible with cell death. However, no significant differences were found when the swim-up/MACS semen fraction was compared with swim-up fraction alone. PMID:25454495

Curti, Gianni; Skowronek, Fernanda; Vernochi, Rita; Rodriguez-Buzzi, Ana Laura; Rodriguez-Buzzi, Juan Carlos; Casanova, Gabriela; Sapiro, Rossana

2014-12-01

477

Dynamic Channel Adaptive MAC with Frame Length Prediction (DCAM/FLP)  

E-print Network

a protocol that is suitable for both data and real-time audio transmission. In this paper, we present}@cs.yorku.ca Abstract Medium Access Protocol (MAC) for wireless networks plays a very crucial role in the network susceptible to interference than wire-line links. In this paper, we propose a MAC protocol for cellular

Aboelaze, Mokhtar

478

MAC Layer Abstraction for Simulation Scalability Improvements in Large-scale Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is risky to implement a large-scale wireless sen- sor system without predicating its behavior beforehand through simulation, an indispensable step toward the final system. Since in wireless simulation, over 90% simulation time is spent on the characterization of the MAC layer behaviors, abstraction at the MAC layer becomes the key to the scalability of wireless sensor network simulations. In

Tian He; Yvan Pointurier; John A. Stankovic

479

42 CFR 405.1122 - What evidence may be submitted to the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and the hearing record indicates that the previous decision-makers have not attempted to obtain the evidence, the MAC may remand...record provided to the MAC indicates that the previous decision-makers did not attempt to obtain the evidence before...

2010-10-01

480

42 CFR 405.1122 - What evidence may be submitted to the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and the hearing record indicates that the previous decision-makers have not attempted to obtain the evidence, the MAC may remand...record provided to the MAC indicates that the previous decision-makers did not attempt to obtain the evidence before...

2014-10-01

481

A Comparison of MAC Protocols for Wireless Local Networks BAsed on Battery Power Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy efficiency is an important issue in mobile wire- less networks since the battery life of mobile terminals is limited. Conservation of battery power has been addressed using many techniques. This paper addresses energy efficiency in medium ac- cess control (MAC) protocols for wireless networks. The paper develops a framework to study the energy consumption of a MAC protocol from

Jyh-Cheng Chenl; Krishna M. Sivalingam; Prathima Agrawal; Shalinee Kishore

1998-01-01

482

A Dynamic CFP Allocation and Opportunity Contention-Based WBAN MAC Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

WBANs provide communication services in the vicinity of the human body. Since WBANs utilize both MICS frequency band for implant medical applications and ISM frequency band for medical and consumer electronics (CE) applications, MAC protocols in WBAN should be designed considering flexibility between medical and CE applications. In this letter, we identify the requirements of WBAN MAC protocols and propose

Young-Sun Seo; Dae-Young Kim; Jinsung Cho

2010-01-01

483

OCDP: a WBAN MAC protocol for contention-based medical and CE applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless body area networks (WBANs) provide communication services in the vicinity of the human body. Since the WBAN services consists of both medical and consumer electronics (CE) applications, MAC protocols in the WBAN should be designed considering flexibility and different characteristics between medical and CE applications. In this paper, we propose a WBAN MAC protocol for contention-based medical and CE

Young-Sun Seo; Dae-Young Kim; Jinsung Cho; Ben Lee

2010-01-01

484

OCDP : A WBAN MAC Protocol for Contention-based Medical and CE applications  

E-print Network

OCDP : A WBAN MAC Protocol for Contention-based Medical and CE applications Young-Sun Seo, Dae@eecs.oregonstate.edu ABSTRACT Wireless body area networks (WBANs) provide communi- cation services in the vicinity of the human body. Since the WBAN services consists of both medical and consumer electronics (CE) applications, MAC

Lee, Ben

485

Experimental Evaluation of Simulation Abstractions for Wireless Sensor Network MAC Protocols  

E-print Network

of simulation have studied either the physical layer and per link effects or routing protocol effects often used abstractions in the simulation of WSN MAC protocols. We show that a simple SNR has been done to validate the abstractions commonly used in simulators for WSN MAC protocols

Langendoen, Koen

486

An Address-light, Integrated MAC and Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor  

E-print Network

1 An Address-light, Integrated MAC and Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Sunil Kulkarni In this paper, we propose an address-light, integrated MAC and routing protocol (abbreviated AIMRP) for wireless sensor networks. A wireless sensor network (WSN) is characterized by a high node density, limited energy

Rosenberg, Catherine P.

487

SYN-DMAC: a directional MAC protocol for ad hoc networks with synchronization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Directional antenna has received intensive research interests in recent years due to its potential to increase communication efficiency and resilience to interference and jamming. In this paper, we provide a novel directional MAC protocol termed SYN-DMAC for ad hoc networks with synchronization. We demonstrate our proposed SYN-DMAC can efficiently address the major open problems in the directional MAC design such

Jianfeng Wang; Yuguang Fang; Dapeng Wu

2005-01-01

488

Designing OS for HPC Applications: Scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operating systems have historically been implemented as independent layers between hardware and applications. User programs communicate with the OS through a set of well defined system calls, and do not have direct access to the hardware. The OS, in turn, communicates with the underlying architecture via control registers. Except for these interfaces, the three layers are practically oblivious to each

Roberto Gioiosa; Sally A. McKee; Mateo Valero

2010-01-01

489

Comparative study of MacCormack and TVD MacCormack schemes for three-dimensional separation at wing/body junctions in supersonic flows  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A robust, discontinuity-resolving TVD MacCormack scheme containing no dependent parameters requiring adjustment is presently used to investigate the 3D separation of wing/body junction flows at supersonic speeds. Many production codes employing MacCormack schemes can be adapted to use this method. A numerical simulation of laminar supersonic junction flow is found to yield improved separation location predictions, as well as the axial velocity profiles in the separated flow region.

Lakshmanan, Balakrishnan; Tiwari, Surendra N.

1992-01-01

490

Interference Analysis Status and Plans for Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Interference issues related to the operation of an aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) in the C-Band (specifically 5091-5150 MHz) is being investigated. The issue of primary interest is co-channel interference from AeroMACS into mobile-satellite system (MSS) feeder uplinks. The effort is focusing on establishing practical limits on AeroMACS transmissions from airports so that the threshold of interference into MSS is not exceeded. The analyses are being performed with the software package Visualyse Professional, developed by Transfinite Systems Limited. Results with omni-directional antennas and plans to extend the models to represent AeroMACS more accurately will be presented. These models should enable realistic analyses of emerging AeroMACS designs to be developed from NASA Test Bed, RTCA 223, and European results.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Wilson, Jeffrey D.

2010-01-01

491

MAC-bridging for multi-PHYs communication in BAN.  

PubMed

Body Area Network (BAN) is a collection of low-power, miniaturised, and intelligent sensor nodes that are used for unobtrusive and ambulatory health monitoring of a patient without any additional constraints. These nodes operate on different frequency bands or Multiple Physical Layers (Multi-PHYs). Additionally, some BAN applications demand a logical connection between different nodes working on different Multi-PHYs. In this paper, the idea of controlling Multi-PHYs using one MAC protocol is introduced. Unlike existing procedures where different nodes working on different channels are connected at the link layer bridging/switching, the proposed procedure called bridging logically connects them at the MAC layer. In other words, the bridge is used to relay or filter packets between different PHYs in the same BAN. Numerical approximations are presented to analyze the stochastic behaviour of the bridges, all of them having Multi-PHYs interfaces. The MICS and the ISM bands are regarded as PHY1 and PHY2, respectively. The performance results are presented for PHY2 (given that data is already received from PHY1) in terms of probability of successful transmission, number of failed requests, power consumption, and delay. Simulations are conducted to validate the analytical results. It can be seen that the deployment of multiple bridges along with the corresponding nodes allows Multi-PHYs communication with high transmission probability, low power consumption, and tolerable delay. PMID:22163447

Ullah, Sana; Khan, Pervez; Ullah, Niamat; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2010-01-01

492

MAC-Bridging for Multi-PHYs Communication in BAN  

PubMed Central

Body Area Network (BAN) is a collection of low-power, miniaturised, and intelligent sensor nodes that are used for unobtrusive and ambulatory health monitoring of a patient without any additional constraints. These nodes operate on different frequency bands or Multiple Physical Layers (Multi-PHYs). Additionally, some BAN applications demand a logical connection between different nodes working on different Multi-PHYs. In this paper, the idea of controlling Multi-PHYs using one MAC protocol is introduced. Unlike existing procedures where different nodes working on different channels are connected at the link layer bridging/switching, the proposed procedure called bridging logically connects them at the MAC layer. In other words, the bridge is used to relay or filter packets between different PHYs in the same BAN. Numerical approximations are presented to analyze the stochastic behaviour of the bridges, all of them having Multi-PHYs interfaces. The MICS and the ISM bands are regarded as PHY1 and PHY2, respectively. The performance results are presented for PHY2 (given that data is already received from PHY1) in terms of probability of successful transmission, number of failed requests, power consumption, and delay. Simulations are conducted to validate the analytical results. It can be seen that the deployment of multiple bridges along with the corresponding nodes allows Multi-PHYs communication with high transmission probability, low power consumption, and tolerable delay. PMID:22163447

Ullah, Sana; Khan, Pervez; Ullah, Niamat; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2010-01-01

493

Identification of irradiated apples for phytosanitary purposes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The irradiation treatment of fresh fruits and vegetables for phytosanitary purposes is a satisfactory alternative method to others like fumigation and cold and hot treatments. Its use is increasing in several countries, and at present its approval is under revision by the National Regulatory Authorities. To verify the control process, apart from irradiation and dosimetry certificates, National Authorities require complementary evidence to show the efficacy of this treatment, especially when the documentation is not clear. The irradiation of fresh fruits produces single and double fragmentation in the DNA molecule, which can be measured using the microgel electrophoresis of individual cell (comet assay). The purpose of this work was to evaluate if it is possible to identify the irradiated apples for phytosanitary purposes from the others that were not treated. The possibility to estimate the absorbed dose was also evaluated. The methodology was carried out on the cell suspension obtained from irradiated seed cells with incremental doses (100, 200 and 300 Gy). The irradiation treatment for phytosanitary purposes to avoid emergency of codling moth ( Cydia pomonella) is 200 Gy. The fragmentation produced in the irradiated samples was proportional with the incremental doses applied. These results show that with this methodology it can be determined if the apple was irradiated or not. This comet assay is a simple, economical and interesting method that can be used, in case of necessity, by the National Authorities.

Horak, Celina I.; Di Giorgio, Marina; Kairiyama, Eulogia

2009-07-01

494

Genetic control of biennial bearing in apple  

PubMed Central

Although flowering in mature fruit trees is recurrent, floral induction can be strongly inhibited by concurrent fruiting, leading to a pattern of irregular fruiting across consecutive years referred to as biennial bearing. The genetic determinants of biennial bearing in apple were investigated using the 114 flowering individuals from an F1 population of 122 genotypes, from a Starkrimson (strong biennial bearer)בGranny Smith (regular bearer) cross. The number of inflorescences, and the number and the mass of harvested fruit were recorded over 6 years and used to calculate 26 variables and indices quantifying yield, precocity of production, and biennial bearing. Inflorescence traits exhibited the highest genotypic effect, and three quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on linkage group (LG) 4, LG8, and LG10 explained 50% of the phenotypic variability for biennial bearing. Apple orthologues of flowering and hormone-related genes were retrieved from the whole-genome assembly of Golden Delicious and their position was compared with QTLs. Four main genomic regions that contain floral integrator genes, meristem identity genes, and gibberellin oxidase genes co-located with QTLs. The results indicated that flowering genes are less likely to be responsible for biennial bearing than hormone-related genes. New hypotheses for the control of biennial bearing emerged from QTL and candidate gene co-locations and suggest the involvement of different physiological processes such as the regulation of flowering genes by hormones. The correlation between tree architecture and biennial bearing is also discussed. PMID:21963613

Guitton, Baptiste; Kelner, Jean-Jacques; Velasco, Riccardo; Gardiner, Susan E.; Chagn, David; Costes, Evelyne

2012-01-01

495

33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a...permission of the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, or his/her...

2011-07-01

496

33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334...Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a...permission of the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, or his/her...

2010-07-01

497

Cross-Layer Based Opportunistic MAC Protocols for QoS Provisionings Over Cognitive Radio Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose the cross-layer based opportunistic multi-channel medium access control (MAC) protocols, which integrate the spectrum sensing at physical (PHY) layer with the packets scheduling at MAC layer, for the wireless ad hoc networks. Specifically, the MAC protocols enable the secondary users to identify and utilize the leftover frequency spectrum in a way that constrains the level of interference to

Hang Su; Xi Zhang

2008-01-01

498

IgG Endopeptidase SeMac does not Inhibit Opsonophagocytosis of Streptococcus equi Subspecies equi by Horse Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes  

PubMed Central

The secreted Mac protein made by group A Streptococcus (GAS) inhibits opsonophagocytosis of GAS by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). This protein also has the endopeptidase activity against human immunoglobulin G (IgG), and the Cys94, His262 and Asp284 are critical for the enzymatic activity. The horse pathogen Streptococcus equi subspecies equi produces a homologue of Mac (SeMac). SeMac was characterized to determine whether SeMac has IgG endopeptidase activity and inhibits opsonophagocytosis of S. equi by horse PMNs. The gene was cloned and recombinant SeMac was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Mice with experimental S. equi infection and horses with strangles caused by S. equi seroconverted to SeMac, indicating that SeMac is produced in vivo during infection. SeMac has endopeptidase activity against human IgG. However, the protein just cleaves a small fraction, which may be IgG1 only, of horse IgG. Replacement of Cys102 with Ser or His272 with Ala abolishes the enzymatic activity of SeMac, and the Asp294Ala mutation greatly decreases the enzymatic activity. SeMac does not inhibit opsonophagocytosis of S. equi by horse PMNs but opsonophagocytosis of GAS by human PMNs. Thus, SeMac is a cysteine endopeptidase with a limited activity against horse IgG and must have other function. PMID:20556207

Liu, Mengyao; Lei, Benfang

2010-01-01

499

IgG Endopeptidase SeMac does not Inhibit Opsonophagocytosis of Streptococcus equi Subspecies equi by Horse Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes.  

PubMed

The secreted Mac protein made by group A Streptococcus (GAS) inhibits opsonophagocytosis of GAS by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). This protein also has the endopeptidase activity against human immunoglobulin G (IgG), and the Cys94, His262 and Asp284 are critical for the enzymatic activity. The horse pathogen Streptococcus equi subspecies equi produces a homologue of Mac (SeMac). SeMac was characterized to determine whether SeMac has IgG endopeptidase activity and inhibits opsonophagocytosis of S. equi by horse PMNs. The gene was cloned and recombinant SeMac was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Mice with experimental S. equi infection and horses with strangles caused by S. equi seroconverted to SeMac, indicating that SeMac is produced in vivo during infection. SeMac has endopeptidase activity against human IgG. However, the protein just cleaves a small fraction, which may be IgG1 only, of horse IgG. Replacement of Cys102 with Ser or His272 with Ala abolishes the enzymatic activity of SeMac, and the Asp294Ala mutation greatly decreases the enzymatic activity. SeMac does not inhibit opsonophagocytosis of S. equi by horse PMNs but opsonophagocytosis of GAS by human PMNs. Thus, SeMac is a cysteine endopeptidase with a limited activity against horse IgG and must have other function. PMID:20556207

Liu, Mengyao; Lei, Benfang

2010-01-01

500

Mobile PHRs compliance with android and iOS usability guidelines.  

PubMed

Mobile Personal Health Records (PHRs) have achieved a particularly strong market share since the appearance of more powerful mobile devices and popular worldwide mobile application markets such as Apple's App Store and Android's Google Play. However, Android and Apple have a set of recommendations on design and usability targeted towards developers who wish to publish apps in their stores: Android Design Guidelines and iOS Human Interface Guidelines. This paper aims to evaluate compliance with these guidelines by assessing the usability recommendations of a set of 24 selected mobile PHR applications. An analysis process based on a well-known Systematic Literature Review (SLR) protocol was used. The results show that the 24 mobile PHR applications studied are not suitably structured. 46 % of these applications do not use any of the recommended patterns, using instead lists or springboards, which are deprecated patterns for top-level menus. 70 % of the PHRs require a registration to be able to test the application when these interactions should be delayed. Our study will help both PHR users to select user-friendly mobile PHRs and PHR providers and developers to identify the good usability practices implemented by the applications with the highest scores. PMID:24957397

Cruz Zapata, Beln; Hernndez Niirola, Antonio; Idri, Ali; Fernndez-Alemn, Jos Luis; Toval, Ambrosio

2014-08-01