Sample records for apple mac os

  1. Apple: Mac OS X Server

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    On March 16th, 1999, Apple computer made two announcements that indicate radical changes in the direction of its OS. One of these announcements was the release of Mac OS X Server, billed as "the first modern operating system" ever shipped by Apple. Based on BSD Unix and the Mach kernel, it includes standard Unix features such as protected memory, pre-emptive multitasking, and full process management, as well as NetBoot a new type of client-server architecture.

  2. ZCS Network Edition 6.0 January 2010 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.5 +)

    E-print Network

    ZCS Network Edition 6.0 January 2010 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.5 +) Use the Zimbra Connector for Apple® iSync with Mac running 10.5 or later to sync your Apple Address Book to your Connector for Apple iSync to sync your Calendar and your Contacts. See the Zimbra Connector for Apple i

  3. Macronized Vowels on a Mac (OS X 10.6 & 10.7) In order to type macrons using an Apple Macintosh you must make some

    E-print Network

    Keegan, Te Taka

    1 Macronized Vowels on a Mac (OS X 10.6 & 10.7) In order to type macrons using an Apple Macintosh. Choose System Preferences from the Apple Menu. 2. From the System Preferences Window click on Language

  4. ZCS Network Edition 6.0 December 2009 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.4.x)

    E-print Network

    ZCS Network Edition 6.0 December 2009 1 Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Mac OS 10.4.x) When the Zimbra Connector for Apple® iSync is installed, you can use Apple Address Book, iCal, and Microsoft on OS X 10.5 or later is handled with CalDAV. See Zimbra Connector for Apple iSync (For Max OS 10

  5. Mac OS X public beta

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mac OS X (read OS ten) is Apple's next-generation operating system and represents the largest overhaul of the Mac OS to date. Mac OS X promises to bring key technical features such as protected memory (which prevents an individual application from crashing the entire system) to the Macintosh platform for the first time. In addition to completely replacing the underpinnings of the Mac OS, Apple is also working on overhauling the user interface for OS X. The new interface, known as "Aqua," sports a translucent candy-colored look and adds a new feature called "the dock" to the bottom of the screen. According to Apple, Mac OS X beta is supported by any Macintosh that shipped with a G3 or G4 processor except for the original PowerBook G3; Apple recommends 128 MB RAM. To run older applications in the "classic" environment also requires a copy of Mac OS 9; the CD doesn't include one.

  6. Mac Marshal: A Tool for Mac OS X Operating System and Application Forensics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert A. Joyce; Judson Powers; Frank Adelstein

    Computer forensic tools for Apple Mac hardware have traditionally focused on low-level file system details. Mac OS X and common applica - tions on the Mac platform provide an abundance of information about the user's activities in configura - tion files, caches, and logs. We have developed Mac Marshal, an extensible tool suite for the analysis of files on Mac

  7. Mac OS X: Upgrading Java to Version 7

    E-print Network

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    Mac OS X: Upgrading Java to Version 7 Apple Inc. has released a Java Update for Mac OS X 10.7 and 10.8. This update (Java for OS X 2012-006) removes/uninstalls java from your Mac. You. For a Personally-Owned Mac: Go to Oracle's java webpage (http://www.java.com/en/) to download the latest version

  8. Mac OS X 10.1 Update

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    Apple released an update to its Mac OS X operating system. The update brought marked performance enhancements and several new features, such as data CD and DVD burning as well as DVD playback; Audio CD burning was added in an earlier update.

  9. Mac06: The POSIX compatible OS for MacOS

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mac06 (pronounced "Mac oh six") is a POSIX-compatible environment (library and a system kernel) for the MacOS. Its features include a UNIX-like file system using HFS with full Finder integration; POSIX libc.a and #include headers; a curses library; a POSIX shell; many basic UNIX commands, such as cd, cat, find, fgrep, etc.; a software development environment; and sockets for TCP/IP. Mac06 is a useful environment for learning UNIX as it runs as an application on top of the MacOS, allowing the user to switch between UNIX and the MacOS without rebooting. Currently at version 0.99, Mac06 will become a shareware application costing 20 dollars at its 1.0 release.

  10. Handleiding eduroam op Mac OS

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    Handleiding eduroam op Mac OS Versie: 1.3 eduroam Datum: 03-04-2013 #12;2 Met behulp van onderstaande handleiding kunt u eduroam op uw Mac instellen. Let wel op dat u een bestand van onze website moet://issc.leidenuniv.nl/wireless-access/handleidingen-wireless-access.html kunt u de benodigde configuratie voor uw Mac downloaden. Vervolgens kan deze genstalleerd worden door

  11. How to change your password on your campus Mac The only approved method of changing passwords on a campus Mac (OS X

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    How to change your password on your campus Mac The only approved method of changing passwords on a campus Mac (OS X 10.4.5). 1. Click the Apple icon on the menu 2. Select System Preferences #12;3. Click change passwords directly on your assigned rollout Mac or on your profile of a shared campus OS X Mac

  12. User Manual uMailon Mac OS

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    User Manual uMailon Mac OS Version: 1.0 uMail Date: 18-04-2013 #12;2 This user manual shows you how to configure your mail application on your MacBook to make it possible to use uMail. This manual was written on the basis of a Mac OS 10.8. If you have a lower version of OS, you may have to access some of the options

  13. Handleiding Exchange mail/agendaop Mac OS

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    Handleiding Exchange mail/agendaop Mac OS Versie: 1.0 Exchange mail & agenda Datum: 03-04-2013 #12;2 Met behulp van onderstaande handleiding kunt u uw Facultaire e-mail en agenda op uw Mac configureren;4 5) U krijgt een overzicht te zien van uw aangemaakte Exchange profiel op uw Mac, selecteer "Continue

  14. a PC Microsoft Windows Linux FreeBSD MacOS

    E-print Network

    Kasahara, Hironori

    Microsoft Windows Linux FreeBSD MacOS b PC Web World Wide Web a a i #12; a 10 b Web a b 17 http) 5 MNC MNC MNC MNC MNC MNC MNC 6 2003B-023 7 Microsoft Windows Windows NT Windows XP Windows Vista Windows 7 Microsoft Office Word Excel Visio PowerPoint Outlook Microsoft Corporation Apple Apple Mac Mac

  15. Cisco JABBER sign in CiscoJABBERQuickReferenceApple/Mac

    E-print Network

    Derisi, Joseph

    Cisco JABBER sign in CiscoJABBERQuickReferenceApple/Mac UCSF Cisco JABBER Video Conferencing. Click Finish to start making video calls. #12;CiscoJABBERQuickReferenceApple/Mac Placing a Video Call. Functionality/Tips for Sharing Presentations Desktop Sharing Cisco Jabber for Mac does not have

  16. Mac OS Runtime for Java (MRJ) 2.1

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Earlier this week, Apple released a major upgrade to the Mac OS Runtime for Java engine, bringing it into compliance with version 1.1.6 of Sun's Java Development Kit (JDK). Incorporation of Symatec Corporation's Just In Time (JIT) compiler for Java, as well as improvements in the handling of graphics, imaging, threading, and networking increase the speed of MRJ 2.1 by up to 500% over previous versions. This release makes Java on the Mac compatible with most current Java technologies, including JavaBeans, the JAR File Format, Java Database Connectivity, Java Native Interface, and a host of others. Additionally, support for AppleScript, QuickTime, and Swing are included. Users of Internet Explorer stand to benefit the most from this release, as Explorer allows the user to choose which Java Virtual Machine they would like to use.

  17. The standard computer models for 2014 are the Dell 9020 desktop, Dell e6440 laptop, Apple 21.5" iMac desktop and Apple 13" Mac Book Pro laptop or Apple 13" Mac Book Pro with Retina

    E-print Network

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    The standard computer models for 2014 are the Dell 9020 desktop, Dell e6440 laptop, Apple 21.5" iMac desktop and Apple 13" Mac Book Pro laptop or Apple 13" Mac Book Pro with Retina Display (see important distinctions below). Keep in mind that Dell and Apple are continuously modifying their lines, so although

  18. Handleiding Wireless Printen met Mac OS

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    Handleiding Wireless Printen met Mac OS Versie: 1.0 Wireless Printen Datum: 28-03-2013 #12;2 Deze: http://issc.leidenuniv.nl/wireless-access/wireless-printen.html Installatie Printers 1) Ga naar System van de Wireless Printing functionaliteit. #12;6 Keychain Access 1) Selecteer "Finder " en type

  19. QtiPlot unter Mac OS X Vorbemerkung

    E-print Network

    Peters, Achim

    QtiPlot unter Mac OS X Vorbemerkung QtiPlot auf einem Mac zu installieren kann ein ganz schner verstndlich schildern, wie man das ganze hinbekommt. Ich habe das ganze auf einem mid-2010 MacBookPro unter Mac OS 10.6.6 gemacht, prinzipiell sollte es aber unter allen Versionen von 10.3 aufwrts funtionieren

  20. Math F215: LATEX Installation (Mac OS X) January 19, 2012 How to install LATEX for Mac OS X

    E-print Network

    Bueler, Ed

    Math F215: LATEX Installation (Mac OS X) January 19, 2012 How to install LATEX for Mac OS X: 1. Visit http://www.tug.org/mactex/. 2. Click on MacTeX.mpkg.zip to download the file. The file is huge, so wireless network. 3. Double-click on the file you downloaded to create a new file, MacTex-2011.mpkg. Double

  1. Connecting to Poly-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 1 of 5

    E-print Network

    Aronov, Boris

    Connecting to Poly-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 1 of 5 Connecting to Poly-WiFi (on Apple to Poly-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 2 of 5 2) Before you can access the Network setting screen-WiFi (on Apple Mac) February 2010 Page 3 of 5 4) From the network name dropdown, select "Poly-WiFi". 5

  2. Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac OS X

    E-print Network

    Derisi, Joseph

    Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac OS X User Guide D14733.03 April 2011 Software version 4.2.0.10318 #12;Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac User Guide (4.2) Page 2 of 20 Contents Getting started 4 SigningPresence Movi for Mac User Guide (4.2) Page 3 of 20 Signing out 13 Exiting Movi 13 Switching and joining calls

  3. Handleiding eduroam Mac OS x 10.5 & 10.6 Handleiding toegang eduroam met

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    Handleiding eduroam Mac OS x 10.5 & 10.6 1/10 Handleiding toegang eduroam met Mac OS X 10.5 en 10 9512 | 2300 RA Leiden | 071 527 6969 #12;Handleiding eduroam Mac OS x 10.5 & 10.6 2/10 1 Inleiding Op handleiding heeft betrekking op Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) update 6 en Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). Instellingen

  4. Intel-based iMac, Intel-based Mac mini: How to reset the System Mana... http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=303446 1 of 1 7/23/2007 2:16 PM

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Intel-based iMac, Intel-based Mac mini: How to reset the System Mana... http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=303446 1 of 1 7/23/2007 2:16 PM Visit the Apple Store online (1-800-MY-APPLE), visit a retail location on an iMac (Early 2006), iMac (Mid 2006), iMac (Late 2006), or Mac mini (Early 2006): From the Apple menu

  5. CONNNECT TO WiFi USING PROXY SETTINGS (MAC) This guide explains how to set up a modern Apple Mac (running OSX 10.3 or higher) to connect to the internet,

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    CONNNECT TO WiFi USING PROXY SETTINGS (MAC) This guide explains how to set up a modern Apple Mac Apple on the left of the menu bar. 2. Click on `System Preferences'. 3. Click on `Network'. 4. A window

  6. The Macolumn - the Mac gets geophysical. [A review of geophysical software for the Apple Macintosh computer

    SciTech Connect

    Busbey, A.B. (Texas Christian Univ., Fort Worth (USA))

    1990-02-01

    Seismic Processing Workshop, a program by Parallel Geosciences of Austin, TX, is discussed in this column. The program is a high-speed, interactive seismic processing and computer analysis system for the Apple Macintosh II family of computers. Also reviewed in this column are three products from Wilkerson Associates of Champaign, IL. SubSide is an interactive program for basin subsidence analysis; MacFault and MacThrustRamp are programs for modeling faults.

  7. 1 | P a g e Student Remote Printing on Mac OS X

    E-print Network

    1 | P a g e Student Remote Printing on Mac OS X Student Remote Printing on Mac OS X Pharos downloading, installing and using the Pharos print client. Please note: Printers are not set to Duplex. There are instructions at the end of this guide to set up duplex printing. To Download and Install the Pharos Print

  8. Installing R for Mac OS X 1. Open a web-browser search for "R Mac Download" and click on the link

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    Installing R for Mac OS X 1. Open a web-browser search for "R Mac Download" and click on the link to the R-Project page (http://cran.r-project.org/bin/macosx) 2. Click on the link for the version of Mac OS 10.9 or newer, choose R-3.1.1-mavericks.pkg #12;Installing R for Mac OS X 3. When the download

  9. To Mac or Not To Mac? One Apple Devotee's Excruciating Purchase Dilemma.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shenk, David

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the pros and cons of selecting Apple Macintosh computers versus a personal computer that runs the Windows platform. Graphical user interfaces, current and future support, and aesthetics are considered, as well as personal preferences. (LRW)

  10. Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7/23/2007 2:06 PM

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7 the PMU on a Mac mini and it still isn't displaying video or turning on, contact Apple technical support (1-800-APL-CARE in the U.S.) or take your computer to your local Apple Retail Store or Apple

  11. ITK Image IO Interface with Apple iOS Release 1.00

    E-print Network

    Hamarneh, Ghassan

    ITK Image IO Interface with Apple iOS Release 1.00 Boris Shabash1, Ghassan Hamarneh1, Zhi Feng, Canada 2The Insight Group Abstract We have recently detailed the procedure for building ITK on the iOS[1) interface with the repos- itory of images stored on iOS Apple devices, such as the iPod touch, iPhone, or i

  12. Setting up Mail v3.x Exchange for Mac OS X 10.5 Launch Mail

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Setting up Mail v3.x Exchange for Mac OS X 10.5 Launch Mail - For first time setup, you fields. Email Address: your HMS Email Address (this is usually you first name, followed by and underscore look something like this. Your User Name, Email Address and Full Name will be different. Take Account

  13. Mac Classic OS Directions Prior to running DT_ModSel, you ll have to do the following

    E-print Network

    Sullivan, Jack

    Mac Classic OS Directions Prior to running DT_ModSel, you ll have to do the following: 1) Install MacPerl: It is available (free) at the following web site: http://www.macperl.com 2) Download as flat text files. a. Model_Commands b. DT_MacModSel c. ParmFile.txt It may be helpful to create a folder

  14. Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions, please

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10, select System Preferences. Navigate to Print & Fax 3. Click the plus (+) to add a printer 4. The Add: Another Device Print Using: Generic PostScript Printer 11.The parameters for the Name and URL fields

  15. Configuring Mail 2.0 for Exchange Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configuring Mail 2.0 for Exchange Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on Mac OS X 10.4.11. Launch Mail from the Dock. Click Continue In the following fields: Enter Your Name (Display Name) Email address: Enter your Primary email address. o Typically

  16. Configuring Mail 2.0 for POP Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configuring Mail 2.0 for POP Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on Mac OS X 10.4.11. Launch Mail from the Dock. Click Continue In the following fields Your Name (Display Name) Email address: Enter your Primary email address. o Typically this is first

  17. Configuring Mail 2.0 for IMAP Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configuring Mail 2.0 for IMAP Mail 2.x ships with Mac OS X 10.4.x (Tiger). These instructions are based on Mac OS X 10.4.11. Launch Mail from the Dock. Click Continue In the following fields Your Name (Display Name) Email address: Enter your Primary email address. o Typically this is first

  18. 1. The OSP Electronic Proposal Clearance Form works with Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, and Safari browsers on Windows, Mac OS, and Linux.

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    , and Safari browsers on Windows, Mac OS, and Linux. 2. The application uses the Windows Domain with the Netid not go to your Junk email folder. LOGIN If you are prompted for a userid and password, enter your Windows

  19. Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: These instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions please see the Student Genius Corner.

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: These instructions will work on OS X 10 Genius Corner. Wireless printing is currently not available on OS X Lion 1 Information Technology on Print & Fax 4. Click + to add a printer. 5. The Add Printer window will appear #12;Wireless Printing

  20. Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide

    E-print Network

    Bieber, Michael

    Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide September 4, 2007 #12; Apple Inc. 2007 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. Apple, the Apple logo, iPod, iTunes, Mac, and QuickTime are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Apple TV, iPhone, and Safari are trademarks of Apple Inc. i

  1. EU Verbraucherrechte Apple One-Year Limited

    E-print Network

    Fiebig, Peter

    EU Verbraucherrechte Apple One-Year Limited Warranty AppleCare Protection Plan CC Service Pack, Kabel. Zustzlich bei allen Macs: 1x Time Capsule oder 1x Airport Gert sowie 1x Apple Display Macs u sowie 1x Apple Display Material- u. Herstellungsfehler. Keine Leistung fr Verschleiteile wie Akku

  2. Apple Price List unh computer store

    E-print Network

    Apple Price List 5/27/14 unh computer store university of new hampshire phone: (603) 862-1328 faxBook Air AppleCare for MacBook Air AppleCare Protection Plan for Mac extends your coverage to three years Battery life varies by use and configuration. See www.apple.com/batteries for more information. 2 Compared

  3. Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide

    E-print Network

    Li, Teng

    Apple Education iTunes U User's Guide December 11, 2006 #12; Apple Computer, Inc. 2006 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. Apple, the Apple logo, iPod, iTunes, and Mac are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Safari is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. i

  4. Email Setup Apple Device: Harvard owned This document was modified for iOS 7 devices (both iPhone and iPad) to note the

    E-print Network

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Email Setup Apple Device: Harvard owned This document was modified for iOS 7 devices (both iPhone and iPad) to note the small graphical differences from previous versions. Note: all new iPhone 5S and iPad Air devices will come preinstalled with iOS 7. 1. On the iPhone open up the Settings App. 2

  5. Find My iPhone, iPad, and Mac

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-25

    Installing this free app on your iPhone, iPad, or Mac could save you a lot of trouble. In addition to finding a lost device on a map, Find My iPhone allows you to sign in with the Apple ID you use for iCloud and remotely lock it, play a sound, display a message, or erase all your data. This helpful tool requires iOS 7.0 or later.

  6. Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals

    E-print Network

    1 Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC the profitability of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets that helps achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research

  7. Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals

    E-print Network

    Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC) announces of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets and new achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research

  8. Tom Boellstorf, BayArea gay activist and editor of Tema, a Souktgaypublication, uses hisMac in Moscow. Famed Mac ad came true

    E-print Network

    Brody, James P.

    Mac in Moscow. Famed Mac ad came true Apple computer did eventuallv help smash 'Big Brother' By Carla ILegendary Mac ad came true / co andwho donatedthousandsof I dollarsin Macintoshesandrelated equipmentto

  9. Analog: Fast, Professional, Freeware WWW Logfile Analysis for Unix, PCs, NT, Mac, VMS and RiscOS

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Turner, Stephen.

    1997-01-01

    Analog, provided by Stephen R. E. Turner of the Statistical Laboratory at Cambridge University, is a free server log analysis tool for UNIX, PC, NT, Mac, VMS and RISC-based operating systems. This program runs using a script that can be edited to serve specific needs. There are over 180 options to produce 17 different reports in several languages. Analog is capable of analyzing certain days or hosts, the number of requests for pages only (without counting separate hits for images), hits by the hour, day, week, or month, and user information such as domains, browsers, referrers, and more. The HTML report output is graphical and interactive. The only downfall is that the HTML output design cannot be customized; for example, the default background color cannot be changed nor can tables be added. Analog is an efficient, easily installed tool, and well worth trying.

  10. AppleCare Service & Support

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Apple Computer offers an Apple Support Area and the Tech Info Library. The support area provides current product information, software updates, the Top 20 Tech Info library articles, information about the Quicktime lawsuit, opendoc, and more. The Tech Info Library contains hundreds of documentation sheets on Apple hardware and software from the Apple II through Lisa to the Mac, including peripherals, and white papers and a third-party company directory. For searching instructions look under "About the Tech Info Library."

  11. Mac Software Microsoft Office 365 University

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    AppleCare for 13" MacBook Pro: $183 ($249 retail) and 13" MacBook Pro w/ Retina Display 610026 Save $66. MacBook Pro 13" 260003 Core i5 2.5GHz Dual-Core Processor 4GB Memory 500GB Storage Integrated Graphics loaner during repairs! MacBook Pro 13" w/ Retina Display 260006 Core i5 2.4GHz Dual-Core Processor 4GB

  12. Mac Software Fall 2013 6/28/20136/28/2013

    E-print Network

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    Mac Software Fall 2013 6/28/20136/28/2013 Dict MICROSOFT Di ili ADOBE INSTRUCTIONAL MULTIMEDIAWrangler Adobe Media Encoder Safari Adobe Photoshop UTILITIES MATHEMATICS AppleScript Editor APPLE / MAC Excel Grapher Font Book Microsoft Powerpoint Podcast Capture iChat Microsoft Word Podcast Publisher i

  13. Mac Goes Retail

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    On Tuesday, Apple Computer unveiled its plans to construct 25 retail stores across the US this year in an effort to increase its share of personal computer users, which currently stands at about five percent. The first two stores opened May 15 in McLean, Virginia (also home of the CIA) and in the Los Angeles area. Apple hopes that the stores will build brand awareness, demonstrate to consumers the range of accessories and software available for Mac, and serve as a corrective to the marginalization of Macs in many retail stores. While the announcement has been met with guarded praise by some analysts, others have expressed serious doubts, especially given the recent drop in PC sales and Gateway's decision to close 40 percent of its retail stores.

  14. Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals

    E-print Network

    Douches, David S.

    1 Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC the profitability of apple growing through improving production information and techniques; developing new markets subcommittee established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple Committee

  15. When worlds collide - Mac to MS-DOS. [Data transfer to and from Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based personal computers

    SciTech Connect

    Busbey, A.B.

    1989-04-01

    A number of methods and products, both hardware and software, to allow data exchange between Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based systems. These included serial null modem connections, MS-DOS hardware and/or software emulation, MS-DOS disk-reading hardware and networking.

  16. The Mac: A CNet Topic Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    With the introduction of the powerful G3 line, the warm reception of the innovative iMac, and two new OS's on the way, some computer industry analysts believe that the Mac may indeed be back. In response to the new found interest in the Mac CNet.com has introduced a new special topic center. Mac veterans, new users, or those considering trading in their PCs will find numerous items of interest at the site. Features include Mac News, resources and information on OS 8.5 and OS X, reviews of the iMac and several G3 machines, useful downloads, and price checks. Users will also find links to a variety of other Mac resources and Mac fan sites.

  17. MAC KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS Option + Esc Force quit

    E-print Network

    MAC KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS Shift Option + Esc Force quit Tab cycles through open applications F4 close Office applications for the Mac A select all B bold font C copy D change font E center alignment F find G be created by going to: Tools Customize Keyboard More Mac OS shortcuts http

  18. Apple QuickTime Broadcaster 1.5

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    With this latest application from Apple, users can effectively produce professional-quality live events for online delivery around the world. The combination of the various QuickTime technologies and application makes a wide range of activities possible, including transmitting business meetings or lectures to a host of different online users. The user-friendly interface provides a basic overview that makes utilizing the application quite easy. This application is compatible with Mac OS X/Server 10.3.9 and QuickTime 7.0.

  19. MacResponder 1.0

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    With summer in full swing, many individuals may be concerned about their ability to respond to emails while on vacation. For those persons, MacResponder 1.0 may be a handy and useful application. Fully customizable, MacResponder is an automated email responder that works with multiple email accounts and also features rule-based settings to customize what is sent. MacResponder 1.0 is compatible with all systems running Mac OS X and higher.

  20. Wireless connection instructions -Mac This document outlines the procedure for setting up Apple OS X to use the College wireless network. It assumes that you

    E-print Network

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    X to use the College wireless network. It assumes that you have already connected your computer connection pack from the Computer Office before proceeding. Connect your computer to the wireless network your wireless connection Click on the Apply for access to Murray Edwards College Network link Please

  1. Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe

    E-print Network

    Yang, Ming-Hsuan

    Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe bottle swan giraffe swan swan swan swan apple apple apple apple bottle bottle swan

  2. Mac Basic Recording Mac Basic Recording

    E-print Network

    Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

    Mac Basic Recording Mac Basic Recording The Panopto (My Pitt Video) Mac Recorder allows a lot/recording. Logging In Creators are able to log in to the Mac Recorder with their credentials and record video, audio and Password" the next time the Mac Recorder is launched it will automatically login. 4. Click Create New

  3. Mac Recording Status Mac Recording Status

    E-print Network

    Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

    Mac Recording Status Mac Recording Status After ending a recording with the Mac Recorder you the Mac Recorder will upload recordings once the User stops the recording. Preview During the upload 1 of 6 #12;Mac Recording Status Recording Information Provides the details of the recording

  4. Mac Recorder Installation Mac Recorder Installation

    E-print Network

    Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

    Mac Recorder Installation Mac Recorder Installation Install and Setup This document will walk you through the installation of the Panopto (My Pitt Video) Mac Recorder for Intel based Mac computers running at least OSX Snow Leopard 10.6.x. Specifications Mac OSX versions 10.6.x (Snow Leopard), 10.7.x (Lion), 10

  5. MacDICT 2.8

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This handy little application gives users the ability to quickly connect with eleven databases while online, including _Webster's Dictionary_ and the _World FactBook_. Additionally, MacDICT 2.8 provides access to translation services on the Web for over ten languages. The application also allows for access to Wikipedia, the multilingual, open content, Web-based encyclopedia. This version of MacDICt is compatible with all systems running Mac OS X and higher.

  6. Autumn Apples

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    One of the most potent symbols of the autumnal season is the apple. For good reason, too, as this much-loved member of the rose family is responsible for many of our tastiest fall treats such as apple pie, cider, apple sauce, and apple butter??-to name just a few. The aptly named website Apples & More, from the University of Illinois Extension, offers brief informational sections and resource links for the following areas: History & Legends, Nutrition, Preserving Apples, Varieties, Apple Cider, and many more (1). From Pearl Street Design, the Apple Journal provides a potpourri of apple-related news, recipes, images and other information (2 ). The third website, hosted by The New Farm, contains an article about organic apple research in Pennsylvania (3 ). From the Mount Vernon Research & Extension Unit at Washington State University, this website contains brief reports and resource links for a variety of apple research areas (4 ). For the benefit of apple growers, researchers, and others, the Minnesota Department of Agriculture posts this comprehensive and downloadable Field Guide for Identification of Pest Insects, Diseases, and Beneficial Organisms in Minnesota Apple Orchards (5 ). From Lakeside Orchards in Maine, this website contains a brief overview of seasonal activities in an apple orchard (6 ). The seventh website, hosted by the San Diego County Office of Education??s Teacher CyberGuide, contains a supplementary resource page for teachers planning educational units about apples (7). From Vermont Apples, this next website features a diverse collection of apple recipes including Apple Pie, Winter Salad, Gingered Apple Chutney, and Curried Apple Soup (8). The final website, from The Ohio State University Extension, contains a fact sheet about making apple cider vinegar (9).

  7. Work with Apple's Rhapsody Operating System which Allows Simultaneous UNIX Program Development, UNIX Program Execution, and PC Application Execution

    E-print Network

    Don Summers; Chris Riley; Lucien Cremaldi; David Sanders

    2004-12-06

    Over the past decade, UNIX workstations have provided a very powerful program development environment. However, workstations are more expensive than PCs and Macintoshes and require a system manager for day-to-day tasks such as disk backup, adding users, and setting up print queues. Native commercial software for system maintenance and "PC applications" has been lacking under UNIX. Apple's new Rhapsody operating system puts the current MacOS on a NeXT UNIX foundation and adds an enhanced NeXTSTEP object oriented development environment called Yellow Box. Rhapsody simultaneously runs UNIX and commercial Macintosh applications such as word processing or spreadsheets. Thus a UNIX detector Monte Carlo can run for days in the background at the same time as a commercial word processing program. And commercial programs such as Dantz Retrospect are being made available to make disk backup easy under Rhapsody. Apple has announced that in 1999 they intend to be running Rhapsody, or MacOS X as it will be called in the commercial release, on all their newer computers. MacOS X may be of interest to those who have trouble hiring expert UNIX system managers; and to those who would prefer to have a single computer and operating system on their desktop that serves both the needs of UNIX program development and running commercial applications, simultaneously. We present our experiences running UNIX programs and Macintosh applications under the Rhapsody DR2 Developer Release.

  8. Mac Strelioff: CV 1 Mac Strelioff

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    Mac Strelioff: CV 1 Mac Strelioff 1100 Olive Drive, Davis, CA 95616 Cell: 1 (619) 699-9845 Email: MacStrelioff@UCDavis.edu Education University of California at Davis, Davis, CA August 2012 June affiliate member of Association for Psychological Science (APS). #12;Mac Strelioff: CV 2 Research; Poster

  9. PiOS: Detecting Privacy Leaks in iOS Applications Manuel Egele

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    PiOS: Detecting Privacy Leaks in iOS Applications Manuel Egele , Christopher Kruegel , Engin Kirda@eurecom.fr § Northeastern University, Boston ek@ccs.neu.edu Abstract With the introduction of Apple's iOS and Google's An- tions, written for Apple's iOS, pose to users. To this end, we present a novel approach and a tool, Pi

  10. END USER LICENCE AGREEMENT iTUNES STORE, APPLE APP STORE AND iBOOKSTORE ("APPLE iSTORE") DOWNLOADS OF THE JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY MOBILE APP

    E-print Network

    1 END USER LICENCE AGREEMENT iTUNES STORE, APPLE APP STORE AND iBOOKSTORE ("APPLE i and JCU only. Apple Inc. is not a party to this Agreement. JCU, and not Apple Inc., is solely responsible or control that runs the iOS operating system software provided by Apple Inc. ("Device"); (b) for Your own

  11. Kiss Apple

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

    2011-08-24

    the tiny kiss apple. Apples are known to be natural breath fresheners but chomping down on an after dinner regulation size fruit could ruin the romantic mood. Hence the kiss apple. The ping-pong ball sized fruit can be popped in the mouth whole. Not content...

  12. Lara Aniskoff 12/15/2010 Installing QGIS 1.6.0 on a Mac

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Lara Aniskoff 12/15/2010 Installing QGIS 1.6.0 on a Mac System Requirements 1. Mac OS X 2. 220://www.qgis.org/wiki/Download and click on the Standalone Installer for Mac OS X Step 2: Click on KyngChaos Qgis download page #12;Lara 12/15/2010 Step 5: Click on the link for YOUR operating system. If you do not know what OS your Mac

  13. Texas Apples.

    E-print Network

    Reeder, Bobby D.; McEachern, George Ray

    1980-01-01

    ?coe ~ TAL45.7 ~o73 10.1294 Extension Service? The Texas A&M University System? Daniel C. Pfannstiei. Director? College Station, Texas texas apples B1294 CONTENTS Soi I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3 Orchard Establ ishment.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8 Fe rt iii za t ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 Water Management. .... . .... 10 Weed ControL .............. 11 TEXAS APPLES Bobby D. Reeder and George Ray McEachern* Interest in commercial apple culture has spread across Texas...

  14. Apple Germplasm

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PGRU) in Geneva, NY part of the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System. The PGRU maintains 55 species of apple (Malus) in both field and seed collections. The main field collection of apples has 2621 diverse clones grafted onto EMLA 9 rootstock. Ninety-seven p...

  15. An apple

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Scott Bauer (USDA-ARS; )

    2006-05-23

    Objects appear to be certain colors because of reflection and absorbance. Light is made up of different wavelengths that our eyes detect and convert into colors. The apple looks green because it reflects the wavelengths that correspond to the color we see as green. The apple absorbs all other wavelengths of light.

  16. Initial steps in adding X11 to your MacBook: 1. Locate the DVD that came with your computer labeled something like "MacBook

    E-print Network

    Richardson, David

    Initial steps in adding X11 to your MacBook: 1. Locate the DVD that came with your computer labeled something like "MacBook Mac OS X Install Disc 1". Put it into the DVD/CD slot and you should see a Finder

  17. WinAmp for Mac 0.71 Alpha

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This extremely popular free .mp3 player is now available in a Mac version. The Mac version looks very much like the Windows one, with player controls, a graphical equalizer, and play-list editor. It also supports SHOUTcast radio. Please remember that this is an Alpha version, which means it is still being tested and may contain bugs. System requirements are a PowerPC Mac with system 8.5 or later (but not OS X).

  18. First Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant

    E-print Network

    Biggs, Alan R.

    First Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs for publication 19 July 1985. European canker of apple (Malus domestics Borkh. 'MacIntosh') caused by Nectria includes the apple-growing region of central Ontario. Reference: Booth, C. Commonw. Mycol. Inst. Pap. 73

  19. Newton's Apple

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendry, Archibald W.

    2007-01-01

    Isaac Newton may have seen an apple fall, but it was Robert Hooke who had a better idea of where it would land. No one really knows whether or not Isaac Newton actually saw an apple fall in his garden. Supposedly it took place in 1666, but it was a tale he told in his old age more than 60 years later, a time when his memory was failing and his

  20. Decomposable MAC Framework for Highly Flexible and Adaptable MAC Realizations

    E-print Network

    Decomposable MAC Framework for Highly Flexible and Adaptable MAC Realizations Junaid Ansari, Xi for hardware recon- figurability and the capability to sense spectrum opportuni- ties, adaptability in the MAC. In this demo paper, we introduce a MAC design framework enabling fast composition of MAC protocols which

  1. Introduction to MAC CRM training

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, Donald D.

    1987-01-01

    The author introduces the Military Airlift Command (MAC) and its mission. A brief history of Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) as it relates to MAC is given. He also states why MAC is currently interested in CRM.

  2. Using LINUX/Mac Computers for Scientific Computing The easiest way to save, edit, compile, and run a program, save the output,

    E-print Network

    Gardner, Carl

    Using LINUX/Mac Computers for Scientific Computing The easiest way to save, edit, compile, and run a program, save the output, and then graph the output using MATLAB is to work on a LINUX or Mac (Mac OS X is based on UNIX) computer which already has a C compiler and MATLAB installed (any of the ASU LINUX or Mac

  3. Apple's Macintosh.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michael J.

    1984-01-01

    Description of the Macintosh personal, educational, and business computer produced by Apple covers cost; physical characteristics including display devices, circuit boards, and built-in features; company-produced software; third-party produced software; memory and storage capacity; word-processing features; and graphics capabilities. (MBR)

  4. Rotten Apples

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Richard Konicek-Moran

    2009-04-01

    In 1991 and 1992, John Leach, Bonnie Shapiro, and the author did a study in which they interviewed approximately 400 students from the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States about their beliefs surrounding the decay of an apple over a year's time.

  5. The MAC detector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. V. Allaby; W. W. Ash; H. R. Band; L. A. Baksay; H. T. Blume; M. Bosman; T. Camporesi; G. B. Chadwick; S. H. Clearwater; R. W. Coombes; M. C. Delfino; R. de Sangro; W. L. Faissler; E. Fernndez; W. T. Ford; M. W. Gettner; G. P. Goderre; Y. Goldschmidt-Clermont; B. Gottschalk; D. E. Groom; B. K. Heltsley; R. B. Hurst; J. R. Johnson; H. S. Kaye; K. H. Lau; T. L. Lavine; H. Y. Lee; R. E. Leedy; S. P. Leung; I. Lippi; E. C. Loh; H. L. Lynch; A. Marini; J. S. Marsh; T. Maruyama; R. L. Messner; O. A. Meyer; S. J. Michalowski; S. Morcos; J. H. Moromisato; R. M. Morse; L. J. Moss; F. Muller; H. N. Nelson; I. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; R. Prepost; J. Pyrlik; N. Qi; A. L. Read; K. Rich; D. M. Ritson; F. Ronga; L. J. Rosenberg; W. D. Shambroom; J. C. Sleeman; J. G. Smith; J. P. Venuti; P. G. Verdini; E. von Goeler; H. B. Wald; R. Weinstein; D. E. Wiser; R. W. Zdarko

    1989-01-01

    The MAC detector at PEP recorded data for an integrated luminosity of 335 pb-1 between 1980 and 1986. The design of this low-cost MAgnetic Calorimeter was optimized for electron and muon identification, as well as for the measurement of hadronic energy flow. Muon identification is available over 96% of the solid angle, and MAC was the first detector to make

  6. NewsMac 3.0

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    It's hard to slog through the mass of websites dedicated to websites, especially with limited time. One such application designed to aid users in this process is News Mac 3.0, which is a news aggregator that contains over 120 built-in news feeds, effectively giving users both headlines and story descriptions for quick perusal. Additionally, users can add any news website or weblog (provided that they offer an RSS feed), and create customized categories of news as well. Finally, visitors can synchronize these news feeds with their PDA's, including the iPod. NewsMac 3.0 is compatible with all systems running Mac OS X 10.2 and higher.

  7. i-MAC - a MAC that learns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Krishna Kant Chintalapudi

    2010-01-01

    Traffic patterns in manufacturing machines exhibit strong temporal correlations due to the underlying repetitive nature of their operations. A MAC protocol can potentially learn these patterns and leverage them to efficiently schedule nodes' transmissions. Recently, with the advent of low power MEM based sensors, wireless sensing in these machines has gained prominence. Communication in control loops must cater to extremely

  8. Independncia Mac5796. Aula 4

    E-print Network

    Mascarenhas, Walter Figueiredo

    Simulao Teoria Independncia Mac5796. Aula 4 Walter Mascarenhas 30/03/2011 Walter Mascarenhas Mac Mascarenhas Mac5796. Aula 4 #12;Simulao Teoria Independncia A aula passada: Espao amostral. Eventos. -lgebras. Medida de probabilidade. Walter Mascarenhas Mac5796. Aula 4 #12;Simulao Teoria Independncia

  9. MacArthur Foundation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The MacArthur Foundation Gopher includes general information about the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, such as how to apply for grants, the names of staff members, and the history of the Foundation. It also includes information specific to each of the Foundation's eight program areas, such as recent program activities, application guidelines, contact information, and a listing of grants made in the previous calendar year.

  10. Carrot Apple Salad Ingredients

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Carrot Apple Salad Ingredients: 4 carrots 2 apples, finely chopped 1/2 cup crushed pineapple in water, drained 2 tablespoons apple juice, frozen concentrate Directions 1. Wash carrots and use a grater to shred into small pieces. Add to medium bowl. 2. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through

  11. Apple Fruit Salad Ingredients

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Apple Fruit Salad Ingredients: 2 Golden Delicious apples 2 Red Delicious apples 2 banana 1 1/2 cups Directions 1. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core. Then cut each piece in half again

  12. Buenos Apple Nachos Ingredients

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Buenos Apple Nachos Ingredients: 1 apple 3 strawberries 1 tablespoon peanut butter 1 tablespoon vanilla low-fat yogurt Directions 1. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core of strawberries. Slice into thin slic- es, and spread on top of apples. 3. Put peanut butter in a small micro

  13. HE-MAC : MAC *{ktcho, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    HE-MAC : MAC *, * , INMC *{ktcho, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr HE-MAC : Hop Extended MAC Protocol Science, INMC MAC . MAC (Duty Cycle) . RMAC [4] Pioneer(PION) . RMAC Explorer(EXP) HE-MAC . EXP Ready-to-Receive(RTR) RMAC 2 . , . HE-MAC 300 RMAC

  14. Connecting your Apple hand-held device to the CUED Wireless

    E-print Network

    Talbot, James P.

    Connecting your Apple hand-held device to the CUED Wireless network. Prerequisites An iPad, iPhone Computer Officer to get an address assigned to you. On your desktop or laptop you will need the iPhone Configuration Utility from Apple, which you can download for OS X or Windows from http://www.apple.com/support/iphone

  15. Macworld: iMac Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mac Publishing LLC has created this site, which aims to be a clearinghouse of information about the new iMac computer. At present, the site contains review and tutorial articles, news, and links to other iMac information sources.

  16. MAC calorimeters and applications

    SciTech Connect

    MAC Collaboration

    1982-03-01

    The MAC detector at PEP features a large solid-angle electromagnetic/hadronic calorimeter system, augmented by magnetic charged-particle tracking, muon analysis and scintillator triggering. Its implementation in the context of electron-positron annihilation physics is described, with emphasis on the utilization of calorimetry.

  17. The Mundja Streaming MAC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Hawkes; Michael Paddon; Gregory G. Rose

    Mundja is a MAC generation algorithm that has been designed for use together with a stream cipher. Mundja accumulates the message onto two indepen- dent registers: the first is a Cyclic Redundancy Checksum (CRC) that uses linear feedback; the second is a strengthened version of the SHA-256 register (5) that uses nonlinear feedback. Mundja is fast (asymptotically about 4 times

  18. Apple Professional Development Courses

    E-print Network

    Apple Professional Development Courses Spring / Summer 2013 #12;2 Contents Foundation 12th July i Vision and Plan 11 14th June Vision and Plan 11 #12;3 Get the most from your Apple products with MMU. Apple has created a series of workshops which are delivered by independent facilitators. These hands

  19. What's an Adam's Apple?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the Body Works Main Page What's an Adam's Apple? KidsHealth > Kids > Q&A > Q & A > What's an Adam's Apple? Print A A A Text Size You're ... the throat. This is what's called an Adam's apple. Everyone's larynx grows during puberty, but a girl's ...

  20. An Apple a Day

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-07-30

    In this math lesson, learners make estimates to analyze the number of apples per acre, and visualize the magnitude of one million. Using the thematic setting of Johnny Appleseed, learners practice their number sense and estimation skills as they progress from merely guessing the number of apples in a bushel to making a reasonable estimate based on a point of reference or benchmark. Learners use data from the Michigan Apple Growers to compute and analyze the total amount of apple yield per acre. They work at centers to gain experience in visualizing the magnitude of one million apples. Learners also gain experience in using a grid as a resource to make better estimations.

  1. RECAPITI AZIENDALI Apple m EducationtalentIT@apple.com

    E-print Network

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    RECAPITI AZIENDALI Apple m EducationtalentIT@apple.com 1 www.apple.com/jobs/it/retail CHI SIAMO Gli Apple Store non sono soltanto negozi tra i pi innovativi al mondo, ma anche tra i pi dinamici e, coinvolgenti, collaborative e dinamiche, con una spiccata passione per Apple e i suoi prodotti. OPPORTUNIT

  2. ITK on the iOS Release 1.00

    E-print Network

    Hamarneh, Ghassan

    ITK on the iOS Release 1.00 Boris Shabash1, Ghassan Hamarneh1, Zhi Feng Huang1, and Luis Ibanez2, we describe the set of required steps for integrating the ITK framework into Apple's iOS mobile-C based iOS, and creating a simple application that demonstrates the ITK libraries are integrated

  3. Microsoft vs. Apple: Resilience against Distributed Denial-of-Service Attacks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanjeev Kumar; Sirisha Surisetty

    2012-01-01

    Both Microsoft's Windows 7 and Apple's Snow Leopard operating systems claim to provide users with a safer and more reliable environment, but no work has evaluated and compared their resilience against common DDoS attack traffic. The authors compare the effect of this type of attack traffic on both systems installed on the same iMac hardware platform under the same network

  4. PW-MAC: An Energy-Efficient Predictive-Wakeup MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Shihada, Basem

    PW-MAC: An Energy-Efficient Predictive-Wakeup MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Lei Tang of Communication Systems Engineering, Ben Gurion University, Israel Abstract--This paper presents PW-MAC (Predictive-Wakeup MAC), a new energy-efficient MAC protocol based on asyn- chronous duty cycling. In PW-MAC

  5. ER-MAC: A Hybrid MAC Protocol for Emergency Response Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    ER-MAC: A Hybrid MAC Protocol for Emergency Response Wireless Sensor Networks Lanny Sitanayah--This paper introduces ER-MAC, a hybrid MAC protocol for emergency response wireless sensor networks. ER- MAC that participate in the emergency monitoring change their MAC behaviour by allowing contention in TDMA slots

  6. Troubleshooting PDF Files -Viewing Windows OS Users

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    PDF, you get the following message: #12;2 Solution 1: On the page with the "Please wait..." message update (Mac OS). What you see: When you click on a link to the PDF file, there is either a message "Adobe just fine). What you see: When you try to open PDF, you get the following message: #12;4 Solution 1

  7. Grants.gov for Mac Users 1. First you should download your application package from Grants.gov and save it

    E-print Network

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    1 Grants.gov for Mac Users 1. First you should download your application package from Grants.gov and save it on the desktop of your Mac. 2. Next, go to http://grants.gov/MacSupport 3. Click on "Download the "Grants.gov for Mac OS X" window. This may take a few minutes, but at the end of the process you will see

  8. HE-MAC *{ktcho, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    HE-MAC *, * , INMC *{ktcho, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr Delay Optimization for HE-MAC Protocol Science, Seoul National University, INMC MAC . , . MAC HE-MAC [1] Explorer(EXP) (Duty Cycle) MAC . HE-MAC . , HE-MAC

  9. SCT-MAC: A Scheduling Duty Cycle MAC Protocol for Cooperative Wireless Sensor Network

    E-print Network

    Ingram, Mary Ann

    SCT-MAC: A Scheduling Duty Cycle MAC Protocol for Cooperative Wireless Sensor Network Jian Lin cooperative transmission range extension. However a scalable MAC protocol has not been presented that combines both. In this study, we present a new scheduling cooperative MAC protocol (SCT-MAC) for the multi- hop

  10. LB-MAC: A Lifetime-Balanced MAC Protocol for Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Qiao, Daji

    LB-MAC: A Lifetime-Balanced MAC Protocol for Sensor Networks Yang Peng, Zi Li, Wensheng Zhang. This paper presents LB-MAC, a new MAC protocol for asyn- chronous, duty cycle sensor networks. Different from existing sensor network MAC protocols that usually focus on reducing energy consump- tion and extending

  11. ADV-MAC: Advertisement-based MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Heinzelman, Wendi

    ADV-MAC: Advertisement-based MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Surjya Ray, Ilker Demirkol (MAC) protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks with the ob- jective of minimizing energy consumption. For example, Sensor- MAC (S-MAC) was proposed to reduce energy consumption

  12. VeMAC: A TDMA-based MAC Protocol for Reliable Broadcast in VANETs

    E-print Network

    Zhuang, Weihua

    1 VeMAC: A TDMA-based MAC Protocol for Reliable Broadcast in VANETs Hassan Aboubakr Omar, Student priority safety applications in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). This paper introduces VeMAC, a novel multichannel TDMA MAC protocol proposed specifically for a VANET scenario. The VeMAC supports efficient one

  13. Mac Lane and Factorization Walter Tholen

    E-print Network

    Tholen, Walter

    Mac Lane and Factorization Walter Tholen York University, Toronto June 15, 2006 Walter Tholen (York University, Toronto) Mac Lane and Factorization CT2006 1 / 31 #12;Walter Tholen (York University, Toronto) Mac Lane and Factorization CT2006 2 / 31 #12;Saunders Mac Lane Duality for groups Bulletin

  14. Matrix Theory (MAS 2103) 3 credits Prerequisite: Minimum Grade of C in MAC 2233, MAC 2311, MAC 2253 or MAC 2281

    E-print Network

    Richman, Fred

    Syllabus Matrix Theory (MAS 2103) 3 credits Prerequisite: Minimum Grade of C in MAC 2233, MAC 2311, MAC 2253 or MAC 2281 Instructor: CRN: Office: Office Hours: E-mail Address: Phone number: Lecture Time calculator, and valid picture ID during a testing session. DO NOT BRING CELL PHONES, BOOKS, BOOK BAGS, NOTES

  15. Old Fashioned Baked Apples Ingredients

    E-print Network

    Bashir, Rashid

    Old Fashioned Baked Apples Ingredients: 8 large apples, washed & cored 1/3 cup old fashioned oats 1, grated 2 tablespoons lemon juice 1/2 cup honey 1 cup apple juice 4 tablespoons butter whipping cream, chilled or softly whipped Directions: Peel off one strip around the center of each apple. Slice a thin

  16. Skillet Pork and Apples Ingredients

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Skillet Pork and Apples Ingredients: 1 teaspoon cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon black pepper 4 pork loin chops 2 teaspoons olive oil 4 apples 1/3 cup water Directions 1. Combine cinnamon and pepper in a bowl. 3. Wash apples. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core. Then cut each piece

  17. Cinnamon Muffin 100% Apple Juice

    E-print Network

    Delgado, Mauricio

    31 Apple Cinnamon Muffin 100% Apple Juice 5oz Milk Chef Michele Pastorello Milk Choices: Whole White 4oz Juice Choices: 100% Apple 100% Orange NO SCHOOL May 17th SCHOOL CLOSED May 28th Updated 4 100% Orange Juice 5oz Milk Cream of Wheat Sliced Pears 5oz Milk Turkey Sausage Biscuit 100% Apple

  18. Apple Scab of Flowering Crabapples

    E-print Network

    Apple Scab of Flowering Crabapples Flowering crabapples add color and beauty to many home leaves and defoliation by early summer. The cause of this problem is a fungus disease known as apple scab. The same disease is also a common problem on eating apples, refer to BP-1 (Apple Scab in the Home Fruit

  19. AIDP -Apple Interface Design Project

    E-print Network

    Tollmar, Konrad

    AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project m 92-95 m Joy Mountford m Design Centre, Advanced Technology Group m Apple's Industrial Design Group "Encourage ProjectThe Project m Bridge the gulf between the physical and virtual worlds - Apple m Design a new way

  20. EISCAT observations during MAC/SINE and MAC/Epsilon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roettger, J.; Hoppe, U.-P.; Hall, C.

    1989-01-01

    The EISCAT incoherent scatter radar facility in Tromsoe, Norway was operated during the MAC/SINE campaign for 78 hours in the period 10 June to 17 July 1987, and during the MAC/Epsilon campaign for 90 hours in the period 15 October to 5 November 1987. The VHF (224 MHz) radar operations during MAC/SINE yielded most interesting observations of strong coherent echoes from the mesopause region. Characteristic data of these polar mesospheric summer echoes are presented. The UHF (933 MHz) radar operations during MAC/Epsilon were done with 18 deg off zenith beam and allows the deduction of meridonal and horizontal wind components as well as radial velocity spectra in addition to the usual electron density profiles in the D and lower E regions. Some results from the VHF and UHF radars indicating the presence of gravity waves are examined.

  1. ExamSoft Instructions: Mac How to download SofTest for Mac

    E-print Network

    ExamSoft Instructions: Mac How to download SofTest for Mac For best performance, completeSoft Instructions: Mac 7. Click the arrow to open this folder; then click the install SofTesticon. 8. The install

  2. ExamSoft Instructions: Mac How to download SofTest for Mac

    E-print Network

    ExamSoft Instructions: Mac How to download SofTest for Mac For best performance, complete the disclaimer. 6. Click Save File. This file will save to the browser Downloads. #12;ExamSoft Instructions: Mac

  3. Book review: Inside TOPS: The Complete Guide to Networking Macs, PCs, and Printers, ed. by Jesse Berst, (New Riders Pub., 1989)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wil Clarke

    1991-01-01

    TOPS is a local area network designed to link Apple Macintoshes and IBM PC's. It comes with software (and hardware for PC's) for translating data files for exchange between Macs and PC's. It also comes with a print spooler. It uses an Appletalk network, but unlike the original Appletalk, it doesn't require a dedicated file server.

  4. Apple Screen 2

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Katie Hale (CSUF; Biological Sciences)

    2007-06-26

    The apple is ripening from the inside. Ripening occurs due to injury or infection by fungi (the signal causes ripening chemicals to be released in the fruit). The fruit becomes soft as it ripens, which accounts for the dents.

  5. Apple Macintosh's energy consumption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacob R. Lorch; Alan Jay Smith

    1998-01-01

    Much of a portable computer's utility depends on how long it can run off the battery. We measure Apple Macintosh's current power consumption (and how much of that power goes to each system component) using built-in measuring tools

  6. Apple Snails (Ampullariidae)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Stijn A. I. Ghesquiere

    This web site provides information on apple snails (family Ampullariidae), the largest living freshwater snails on earth, often kept as aquarium pets because of their attractive appearance and size. Topics include the care of apple snails, their anatomy, species and genera, and information on snail pests, embryology, and genetics. There is also a frequently-asked-questions feature, photos, links to web sites and literature, and an online discussion forum.

  7. Apples and Oranges

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mrs. Korth

    2005-10-31

    Use these activities to practice using information to create and read bar graphs. Go to this website and answer the questions using a bar graph. Play this fun game of bugs in the system, and then record your graphs on the paper provided. Use the following information to create a bar graph of your own. I asked all the students in the class whether they prefered apples or oranges. 12 said apples 9 said oranges 4 said neither Create ...

  8. ArcGIS on a Mac UDVL 11/2009 Intro to using ArcGIS on a Mac

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    that in all cases, you must obtain a copy of a Windows OS ­ Vista or XP. #12;ArcGIS on a Mac UDVL 11/2009 2 Vista (64- bit) Ultimate, Home, Enterprise, Business SP1 SP1 64-bit processors support Windows XP (32-bit) Professional Edition, Home Edition SP1 SP3 Windows XP SP2 & SP3 Limitations Windows XP (64-bit

  9. Big MACS: Accurate photometric calibration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelly, P. L.; von der Linden, A.; Applegate, D.; Allen, M.; Allen, S. W.; Burchat, P. R.; Burke, D. L.; Ebeling, H.; Capak, P.; Czoske, O.; Donovan, D.; Mantz, A.; Morris, R. G.

    2012-08-01

    Big MACS is a Python program that estimates an accurate photometric calibration from only an input catalog of stellar magnitudes and filter transmission functions. The user does not have to measure color terms which can be difficult to characterize. Supplied with filter transmission functions, Big MACS synthesizes an expected stellar locus for your data and then simultaneously solves for all unknown zeropoints when fitting to the instrumental locus. The code uses a spectroscopic model for the SDSS stellar locus in color-color space and filter functions to compute expected locus. The stellar locus model is corrected for Milky Way reddening. If SDSS or 2MASS photometry is available for stars in field, Big MACS can yield a highly accurate absolute calibration.

  10. R-MAC: A Reservation-Based MAC Protocol for Underwater

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Shengli

    R-MAC: A Reservation-Based MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks Peng Xie, Zhong Zhou and Jun Long propagation delay Low communication bandwidth Goals of MAC protocols in UWSN Energy efficiency Channel utilization #12;Existing MAC Protocols Contention-free Protocols TDMA, FDMA, CDMA Contention

  11. Domain Expansion of MACs: Alternative Uses of the FIL-MAC

    E-print Network

    Maurer, Ueli

    Domain Expansion of MACs: Alternative Uses of the FIL-MAC Ueli Maurer and Johan Sj¨odin Department, sjoedin}@inf.ethz.ch Abstract. In this paper, a study of a paradigm for domain expansion of MACs is generalized. In particular, a tradeoff between the efficiency of a MAC and the tightness of its security

  12. ACT-MAC: An Asynchronous Cooperative Transmission MAC Protocol for WSNs

    E-print Network

    Ingram, Mary Ann

    ACT-MAC: An Asynchronous Cooperative Transmission MAC Protocol for WSNs Lakshmikanth Guntupalli1 energy consumption among nodes. In the literature, there exist few CT MAC protocols for DC operated WSNs, namely asynchronous cooperative transmission medium access control (ACT-MAC), which contains both

  13. SPEED-MAC: kelly1104@korea.ac.kr

    E-print Network

    Choi, Lynn

    SPEED-MAC: MAC O kelly1104@korea.ac.kr O , smile97@korea.ac.kr , lchoi@korea.ac.kr SPEED-MAC: Speedy and Energy Efficient Data Delivery MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network Hyunjun LeeO Sanghoon Lee Lynn Choi Korea University staggered schedule SPEED-MAC . SPEED-MAC

  14. Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple

    E-print Network

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple color Harry Andris o Carlos H. Crisosto Red color developmentis an important factor for consumer acceptance of California 'Fuji' apples. Several attempts to im not affect fla- vor, it is an important factor for con- sumer acceptance of apples. Cyanidin is the immediate

  15. Century Learning through Apple Technology

    E-print Network

    21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 ­ 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology. This sets the stage for the remaining two days where educators can learn how to leverage Apple technology

  16. An Evaluation of PowerMac G4 Systems for FORTRAN-based Scientific Computing with Application to Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Craig A. Hunter

    This paper describes work conducted at NASA Langley Research Center during an evaluation of PowerMac G4 systems for FORTRAN-based scientific computing and computational fluid dynamics simulation. A PowerMac G4\\/500 was configured for dual booting into Mac OS and Linux operating systems. Various developer tools were used to compile and run test codes on the G4 for comparison benchmarking with platforms

  17. MASCARA, a MAC Protocol for Wireless ATM

    E-print Network

    Gesbert, David

    MASCARA, a MAC Protocol for Wireless ATM Frdric Bauchot*, Stphane Decrauzat**, Grard Marmigre Control (MAC) protocol of a Wireless ATM (WATM) system is a critical component as it lies between- or copper-based conventional ATM media. The constraints imposed on the MAC protocol of a WATM system lead

  18. MAC 605: Chemical Oceanography Coordinator/Instructor

    E-print Network

    Miami, University of

    MAC 605: Chemical Oceanography Coordinator/Instructor: Professor Rana A. Fine rfine@rsmas.miami.edu Office: RSMAS/SLAB 258; 305-421-4722 (5-4722) MAC 605: The goal of the course is to facilitate directed at MAC Graduate Students who need to prepare for their qualifying examinations. The course

  19. Conceito de microprogramao A mquina MAC

    E-print Network

    Song, Siang Wun

    Conceito de microprogramação A máquina MAC A arquitetura MIC O microprograma CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer MAC 412- Organizãção de Computadores - Siang W. Song Baseado no livro de Tanenbaum - Structured Computer Organization MAC 412- Organizãção de Computadores - Siang W. Song CISC - Complex

  20. Refurbishing MacIntyre's Account of Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hager, Paul

    2011-01-01

    According to Alasdair MacIntyre's influential account of practices, "teaching itself is not a practice, but a set of skills and habits put to the service of a variety of practices" (MacIntyre and Dunne, 2002, p. 5). Various philosophers of education have responded to and critiqued MacIntyre's position, most notably in a Special Issue of the

  1. Sound Programming in the Apple iPhone OS Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin Eriksson

    Abstract Over the last years an increasing number,of music applications and games,have been released. The iPhone platform has good variety in this field. However, most often the audio quality is not a prioritised feature, having bad impac t on the perceived product quality. This bachelor thesis describes the different sound programming interfaces available on the iPhone platform and how to

  2. Determination of amygdalin in apple seeds, fresh apples and processed apple juices.

    PubMed

    Bolarinwa, Islamiyat F; Orfila, Caroline; Morgan, Michael R A

    2015-03-01

    Cyanogenic glycosides are natural plant toxicants. Action by endogenous plant enzymes can release hydrogen cyanide causing potential toxicity issues for animals including humans. We have quantified amygdalin in seeds from different apple varieties, determined the effects of processing on the amygdalin content of apple juice and quantified amygdalin in commercially-available apple juices. Amygdalin contents of seeds from fifteen varieties of apples ranged from 1 mg g(-1) to 4 mg g(-1). The amygdalin content of commercially-available apple juice was low, ranging from 0.01 to 0.04 mg ml(-1) for pressed apple juice and 0.001-0.007 mg ml(-1) for long-life apple juice. Processing led to juice with low amygdalin content, ranging from 0.01 mg ml(-1) to 0.08 mg ml(-1). The results presented show that the amygdalin contents of commercially-available apple juices are unlikely to present health problems to consumers. PMID:25306368

  3. About APPLE II Operation

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, T.; Zimoch, D. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Swiss Light Source, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    2007-01-19

    The operation of an APPLE II based undulator beamline with all its polarization states (linear horizontal and vertical, circular and elliptical, and continous variation of the linear vector) requires an effective description allowing an automated calculation of gap and shift parameter as function of energy and operation mode. The extension of the linear polarization range from 0 to 180 deg. requires 4 shiftable magnet arrrays, permitting use of the APU (adjustable phase undulator) concept. Studies for a pure fixed gap APPLE II for the SLS revealed surprising symmetries between circular and linear polarization modes allowing for simplified operation. A semi-analytical model covering all types of APPLE II and its implementation will be presented.

  4. Optimised reconfigurable MAC processor architecture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marios Iliopoulos; Theodore Antonakopoulos

    2001-01-01

    Inefficient resources utilization is met in various embedded communication devices, which are based on standard processor cores and custom hardware modules. This paper addresses the inefficient resources utilization problem in MAC processor designs and presents a solution that is based on a reconfigurable processor architecture and on dynamic-static instruction partitioning, depending on medium access protocol requirements. The presented instruction partitioning

  5. iOS Hardware as a Sensor Platform: DMM Case Daniel Brateris

    E-print Network

    Krchnavek, Robert R.

    iOS Hardware as a Sensor Platform: DMM Case Study Daniel Brateris Atlanticus Innovations 1082 Sky: krchnavek@rowan.edu Abstract--iOS is Apple's mobile operating system and is presently used on the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. The hard- ware platforms associated with the iOS operating system provide a powerful

  6. Versie: 1.3 Instellen Webmail op iOS Datum: 21-12-2012

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    Versie: 1.3 Instellen Webmail op iOS Datum: 21-12-2012 Handleiding Instellen webmail op iOS 6 #12;Instellen Webmail op iOS 6 2 Inleiding Onlangs is de webmail (ook bekend als uMail) vervangen. De nieuwe uw Apple iPhone, iPad (met iOS5 of iOS6) kunt configureren. Onderstaande screenshots zijn gemaakt m

  7. Making Bags of Apples

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patricia Herbst

    2013-01-01

    In this 39-slide slideshare presentation students are guided through the process of using repeated reasoning to discover the number of apples in a specific number of bags. This slideshare presentation was developed by the Illustrative Mathematics Project to illustrate CCSS-SMP 8. Throughout the slideshare student and teacher dialogue is presented along with commentary by two observers.

  8. Apps, HTML5, Virtualisierung und Apples Kontrolle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Florian Oelmaier; Jochen Hrtreiter; Andreas Seitz

    \\u000a Applikationen fr das iPhone knnen mit der Apple-Entwicklungsumgebung Xcode entwickelt werden. Die Entwicklungsumgebung kann\\u000a kostenlos nach der Registrierung mit einer Apple-ID (wie sie auch in iTunes bentigt wird) heruntergeladen werden. Es stehen\\u000a dabei die Sprachen Objective C und Javascript zur Verfgung, auch eine Mischung ist mglich. Es drfen ausschlielich die\\u000a von Apple freigegebenen Programmierschnittstellen benutzt werden. Um eine App auf

  9. Apple Strength Issues

    SciTech Connect

    Syn, C

    2009-12-22

    Strength of the apple parts has been noticed to decrease, especially those installed by the new induction heating system since the LEP campaign started. Fig. 1 shows the ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS), and elongation of the installed or installation-simulated apples on various systems. One can clearly see the mean values of UTS and YS of the post-LEP parts decreased by about 8 ksi and 6 ksi respectively from those of the pre-LEP parts. The slight increase in elongation seen in Fig.1 can be understood from the weak inverse relationship between the strength and elongation in metals. Fig.2 shows the weak correlation between the YS and elongation of the parts listed in Fig. 1. Strength data listed in Figure 1 were re-plotted as histograms in Figs. 3 and 4. Figs. 3a and 4a show histograms of all UTS and YS data. Figs. 3b and 4b shows histograms of pre-LEP data and Figs. 3c and 4c of post-LEP data. Data on statistical scatter of tensile strengths have been rarely published by material suppliers. Instead, only the minimum 'guaranteed' strength data are typically presented. An example of strength distribution of aluminum 7075-T6 sheet material, listed in Fig. 5, show that its scatter width of both UTS and YS for a single sheet can be about 6 ksi and for multi-lot scatter can be as large as 11 ksi even though the sheets have been produced through well-controlled manufacturing process. By approximating the histograms shown in Figs. 3 and 4 by a Gaussian or similar type of distribution curves, one can plausibly see the strength reductions in the later or more recent apples. The pre-LEP data in Figs. 3b and 4b show wider scatter than the post-LEP data in Figs. 3c and 4c and seem to follow the binomial distribution of strength indicating that the apples might have been made from two different lots of material, either from two different vendors or from two different melts of perhaps slightly different chemical composition by a single vendor. The post-LEP apples seem to have been from a single batch of material. The pre-LEP apples of the weak strength and the post-LEP apples with even weaker strength could have been made of the same batch of material, and the small strength differential might be due to the difference in the induction heating system. If the pre-LEP apples with the lower strength and the post LEP apples are made from the same batch of material, their combined scatter of strength data would be wider and can be understood as a result of the additional processing steps of stress relief and induction heating as discussed.

  10. Abstract. This is a short obituary of Saunders Mac Lane (19092005). Saunders Mac Lane,

    E-print Network

    Kutateladze, Semen Samsonovich

    Abstract. This is a short obituary of Saunders Mac Lane (19092005). 1 #12;2 JAMS Saunders Mac Lane place and date of the marvellous almost centennial life of the prominent American mathematician Saunders

  11. Benjamin Livshits and Monica S. Lam 1. PHPList Admin Page SQL Injection Vulnerability

    E-print Network

    Livshits, Ben

    Mac OS X Font Book Font Collection Buffer Overflow Vulnerability 24. OpenBook Admin.PHP SQL Injection Vulnerability 23. Apple Mac OS X Font Book Font Collection Buffer Overflow Vulnerability 24. OpenBook Admin

  12. LC-MAC: An Efficient MAC Protocol for the Long-Chain Wireless Sensor Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chen Fang; Hao Liu; LiLi Qian

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we present a new duty- cycle media access control(MAC) protocol, called Long-chain MAC protocol (LC-MAC), that exploits a mechanism for relay nodes booking in advance and transmitting in a burst manner in order to reduce the end-to-end delivery delay in a long-chain sensor network scenario without sacrificing energy efficiency. In LC-MAC, a super SYNC frame can travel

  13. R-MAC: An Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks Peng Xie and Jun-Hong Cui

    E-print Network

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    R-MAC: An Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks Peng Xie and Jun-Hong Cui medium. The long propagation delay and limited bandwidth of acoustic channels make the existing MAC networks. In this paper, we propose a reservation-based MAC protocol, called R-MAC. The major design goals

  14. Grandma's Apple Pie

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this activity, students work in groups to create a presentation that illustrates the meaning of the statement "To make an apple pie from scratch you must first invent the universe." Students pick an element that can be found in apple pie and trace its evolutionary history back to the birth of the universe itself. They also share their vision of the environment in which that element may find itself 5 or so billion years from now after the Earth is long gone. Presentations are intended to demonstrate student understanding of the origins and life cycle of matter, so this activity is appropriate as a conclusion to a unit. This activity is part of the "What is Your Cosmic Connection to the Elements" information and activity booklet. The booklet includes teacher notes, grading guide and student handouts.

  15. Apple Learning Exchange

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Apple Learning Interchange (API) site contains a wealth of educational resources, spanning the full spectrum from preschool through to college. Subject areas (including math, science, English, language arts, the humanities, and even philosophy) are highlighted and indexed cleanly with an eye to satisfying both students and teachers. Arguably the site's strongest assets are its QuickTime clips, several of which feature the Field Museum's Tyrannosaurus Rex, Sue. For all its glitziness, ALI offers a great deal, especially from a pedagogical point of view, including a list of ready reference materials, such as the new Roget II Thesaurus and a periodic table as well as games and puzzles to teach science and math facts. As if all of this weren't enough, ALI's site also provides registered users (registration is free) with online pedagogical instruction. Of course, as the name implies, the site does prominently feature Apple technology.

  16. CT-MAC: A MAC Protocol for Underwater MIMO Based Network Uplink Communications

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Shengli

    CT-MAC: A MAC Protocol for Underwater MIMO Based Network Uplink Communications Yu Luo, Lina Pu bandwidth-efficiency, Multiple-Input Multiple- Output (MIMO) has emerged as a promising technique to address control (MAC) is still largely unexplored, which makes it difficult to apply the existing underwater MIMO

  17. GeoMAC: Geo-backoff based co-operative MAC for V2V networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanjit Kaul; Marco Gruteser; Ryokichi Onishi; Rama Vuyyuru

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a preliminary design of Geo-MAC, a MAC protocol that exploits spatial diversity in highly mobile wireless networks. It aims to achieve low latency and high reliability, goals that are intrinsic to the success of many envisioned vehicular safety applications. Conventional MAC layers address reliability through ARQ mechanisms that re-transmit messages from the source, if earlier transmissions were

  18. HE-MAC: Hop Extended MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    HE-MAC: Hop Extended MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Kyong-Tak Cho and Saewoong Bahk a data packet for multiple hops in a single duty cycle, which is made possible by exploiting a control frame named Pioneer (PION) for the path set up. In this paper, we present a MAC Protocol called Hop

  19. Apple Image Processing Educator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gunther, F. J.

    1981-01-01

    A software system design is proposed and demonstrated with pilot-project software. The system permits the Apple II microcomputer to be used for personalized computer-assisted instruction in the digital image processing of LANDSAT images. The programs provide data input, menu selection, graphic and hard-copy displays, and both general and detailed instructions. The pilot-project results are considered to be successful indicators of the capabilities and limits of microcomputers for digital image processing education.

  20. Isolation and characterisation of human gingival margin-derived STRO-1/MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell populations.

    PubMed

    El-Sayed, Karim M Fawzy; Paris, Sebastian; Graetz, Christian; Kassem, Neemat; Mekhemar, Mohamed; Ungefroren, Hendrick; Fndrich, Fred; Drfer, Christof

    2015-06-01

    Recently, gingival margin-derived stem/progenitor cells isolated via STRO-1/magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) showed remarkable periodontal regenerative potential in vivo. As a second-stage investigation, the present study's aim was to perform in vitro characterisation and comparison of the stem/progenitor cell characteristics of sorted STRO-1-positive (MACS(+)) and STRO-1-negative (MACS(-)) cell populations from the human free gingival margin. Cells were isolated from the free gingiva using a minimally invasive technique and were magnetically sorted using anti-STRO-1 antibodies. Subsequently, the MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell fractions were characterized by flow cytometry for expression of CD14, CD34, CD45, CD73, CD90, CD105, CD146/MUC18 and STRO-1. Colony-forming unit (CFU) and multilineage differentiation potential were assayed for both cell fractions. Mineralisation marker expression was examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell fractions showed plastic adherence. MACS(+) cells, in contrast to MACS(-) cells, showed all of the predefined mesenchymal stem/progenitor cell characteristics and a significantly higher number of CFUs (P<0.01). More than 95% of MACS(+) cells expressed CD105, CD90 and CD73; lacked the haematopoietic markers CD45, CD34 and CD14, and expressed STRO-1 and CD146/MUC18. MACS(-) cells showed a different surface marker expression profile, with almost no expression of CD14 or STRO-1, and more than 95% of these cells expressed CD73, CD90 and CD146/MUC18, as well as the haematopoietic markers CD34 and CD45 and CD105. MACS(+) cells could be differentiated along osteoblastic, adipocytic and chondroblastic lineages. In contrast, MACS(-) cells demonstrated slight osteogenic potential. Unstimulated MACS(+) cells showed significantly higher expression of collagen I (P<0.05) and collagen III (P<0.01), whereas MACS(-) cells demonstrated higher expression of osteonectin (P<0.05; Mann-Whitney). The present study is the first to compare gingival MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell populations demonstrating that MACS(+) cells, in contrast to MACS(-) cells, harbour stem/progenitor cell characteristics. This study also validates the effectiveness of the STRO-1/MACS(+) technique for the isolation of gingival stem/progenitor cells. Human free gingival margin-derived STRO-1/MACS(+) cells are a unique renewable source of multipotent stem/progenitor cells. PMID:25257881

  1. Mac configuration management at the Los Alamos National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Marcus, Allan B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) had a need for central configuration management of non-Windows computers. LANL has three to five thousand Macs and an equal number of Linux based systems. The primary goal was to be able to inventory all non-windows systems and patch Mc OS X systems. LANL examined a number of commercial and open source solutions and ultimately selected Puppet. This paper will discuss why we chose Puppet, how we implemented it, and some lessons we learned along the way.

  2. Consumer attitudes towards hypoallergenic apples that alleviate mild apple allergy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martijn F. Schenk; Marinus P. van der Maas; Marinus J. M. Smulders; Luud J. W. J. Gilissen; Arnout R. H. Fischer; Ivo A. van der Lans; Evert Jacobsen; Lynn J. Frewer

    2011-01-01

    The development of genetically modified (GM) foods with benefits for consumers may be more acceptable than GM foods with benefits that accrue to industry or producers. The Santana apple is a novel hypoallergenic product suitable for many apple allergic consumers with mild symptomology. The Santana also needs fewer pesticides to be applied in production. A survey was conducted among consumers

  3. Quantum MacWilliams Identities

    E-print Network

    Peter Shor; Raymond Laflamme

    1996-10-25

    We derive a relationship between two different notions of fidelity (entanglement fidelity and average fidelity) for a completely depolarizing quantum channel. This relationship gives rise to a quantum analog of the MacWilliams identities in classical coding theory. These identities relate the weight enumerator of a code to the one of its dual and, with linear programming techniques, provided a powerful tool to investigate the possible existence of codes. The same techniques can be adapted to the quantum case. We give examples of their power.

  4. Ordering from Apple Royal Holloway University have a special agreement with Apple Distribution International.

    E-print Network

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Ordering from Apple Royal Holloway University have a special agreement with Apple Distribution International. The overall management of the Agreement is via the Universities' Apple Computer Group (UACG at the National Apple Higher Education Agreement price. This pricing can be found at: https://ecommerce.apple

  5. Baked Apple Oatmeal Casserole Ingredients

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    bowl. Set aside. Add shredded apples to mixture, stir. 3. Melt margarine. Crack egg into a cup teaspoon baking powder 1 tablespoon ground cinnamon 1/2 cup raisins 2 tablespoons brown sugar 1 egg 2 cups, melted margarine and vanilla to bowl with egg and margarine. Pour milk mixture into oats and apple

  6. Novel Technologies for Processing Apples

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The desire to develop methods to use machine vision to simultaneous inspect apples for quality issues and for contamination has resulted in the development of a number of new technologies for processing apples. First, a number of imaging techniques and detection methods were developed under laborato...

  7. George MacDonald's Estimate of Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pridmore, John

    2007-01-01

    The nineteenth-century fantasy writer George MacDonald believed that "it is better to be a child in a green field than a knight of many orders." In this paper, I shall explore the bearing of this high estimate of childhood on spiritual education. MacDonald explores the spirituality of the child in his essay "A Sketch of Individual Development" and

  8. Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Amanda Etches-Johnson Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 14, 2006 #12;Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Olga Perkovic Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 21, 2006 #12;Economics

  9. Compressing MAC Headers on Shared Wireless Media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arango, Jesus; Faulkner, Matthew; Pink, Stephen

    This paper presents a header compression algorithm that unlike previous protocols is capable of compressing MAC headers in a multiple-access (shared) channel. Previous schemes could not compress MAC headers because the address fields are needed to identify the intended destination as well as the intended context space under which compressed headers are to be interpreted.

  10. Jamming-Resistant MAC Protocols for Wireless

    E-print Network

    Schmid, Stefan

    and broadcasts in the same frequency band as network no special hardware required can lead to significantJamming-Resistant MAC Protocols for Wireless Networks Jamming-Resistant MAC Protocols for Wireless Networks Andrea W. Richa Arizona State University TU Berlin'11, Andrea Richa #12;Motivation Channel

  11. April 30, 2010 MacRae Library

    E-print Network

    Lotze, Heike K.

    's policy on food and beverages you are helping to preserve our collections and facilities. YourApril 30, 2010 MacRae Library Food and Beverage Policy Approved by the Library Committee of Faculty May 3, 2010 The MacRae Library allows food and beverages to be consumed in designated areas

  12. Examining Serial Sections of an Apple

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    John Eichinger

    2009-05-15

    In this activity, students make serial sections of an apple. Students make cross-section prints of the top portion of the apple, then another print further into the apple, and so on until they get to the bottom of the apple. This serial sectionin

  13. Comparison of CSMA based MAC protocols of wireless sensor networks

    E-print Network

    singh, Himanshu

    2012-01-01

    Energy conservation has been an important area of interest in Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs). Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols play an important role in energy conservation. In this paper, we describe CSMA based MAC protocols for WSN and analyze the simulation results of these protocols. We implemented S-MAC, T-MAC, B-MAC, B-MAC+, X-MAC, DMAC and Wise-MAC in TOSSIM, a simulator which unlike other simulators simulates the same code running on real hardware. Previous surveys mainly focused on the classification of MAC protocols according to the techniques being used or problem dealt with and presented a theoretical evaluation of protocols. This paper presents the comparative study of CSMA based protocols for WSNs, showing which MAC protocol is suitable in a particular environment and supports the arguments with the simulation results. The comparative study can be used to find the best suited MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks in different environments.

  14. Challenges for Dynamic Analysis of iOS Applications Martin Szydlowski1, Manuel Egele2, Christopher Kruegel2, and

    E-print Network

    Vigna, Giovanni

    Challenges for Dynamic Analysis of iOS Applications Martin Szydlowski1, Manuel Egele2, Christopher indicates that mobile platforms, such as Android and Apple's iOS increasingly face the threat of malware problems that have to be over- come to create dynamic analysis solutions for iOS applications. Additionally

  15. Is This App Safe for Children? A Comparison Study of Maturity Ratings on Android and iOS Applications

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Sencun

    Is This App Safe for Children? A Comparison Study of Maturity Ratings on Android and iOS of Android apps are provided purely by developers' self-disclosure and are rarely verified. While Apple's iOS; Maturity Rating; Applications (Apps); Android Apps; iOS Apps; Application Permissions 1. INTRODUCTION

  16. Apples and Oceans

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this activity, students use an apple as a model to represent the proportions of the Earth that are covered by land and ocean. They will be introduced to the vastness of the one, interconnected ocean, and to the importance of the ocean to all life on Earth. They will also understand the concept that the proportions of habitable area, farmable land, and land with fresh water are very limited and that ocean upwelling areas that allow high biological productivity are also very limited.

  17. Newton's Apple Index

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Newton's Apple, the award-winning national science program for kids, has a companion Web site with lots of good lesson plans and activities. The Science Try Its page contains hands-on science activities from the past six seasons of shows, including such things as making a barometer and a hovercraft. Each Try It includes a description, illustration, and explanation of the science behind the result. Teachers, parents, and kids will love how easy it is to conduct experiments that can be completed with readily available materials.

  18. On the Feasibility of Large-Scale Infections of iOS Devices Tielei Wang, Yeongjin Jang, Yizheng Chen, Simon Chung, Billy Lau, and Wenke Lee

    E-print Network

    Lee, Wenke

    On the Feasibility of Large-Scale Infections of iOS Devices Tielei Wang, Yeongjin Jang, Yizheng}@cc.gatech.edu Abstract While Apple iOS has gained increasing attention from attackers due to its rising popularity, very few large scale infections of iOS devices have been discovered because of iOS' advanced security

  19. Information Flow Control for Intrusion Detection derived from MAC Policy

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Information Flow Control for Intrusion Detection derived from MAC Policy Stephane Geller group (EA 4039), Rennes, FRANCE Abstract--Most of today's MAC implementations can be turned to an anomaly IDS except that the system is configured through a MAC policy. MAC implementations such as SELinux

  20. MAC New Approach to Design Energy Consumption Minimized

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    MAC , O , , New Approach to Design Energy Consumption Minimized Wireless sensor network MAC Protocols Wooguil Pak, Seongsu Lim O , and Saewoong Bahk School of Electrical Engineering}@netlab.snu.ac.kr duty cycle . MAC duty cycle 0.1~5% duty cycle . MAC

  1. A Cooperative MAC protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

    E-print Network

    Panwar, Shivendra S.

    A Cooperative MAC protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Thanasis Korakis, Zhifeng Tao , Yevgeniy. In this paper, we extend a cooperative MAC protocol called CoopMAC [1] into the ad hoc network environment1. Extensive simulations in a large scale wireless ad- hoc network (150 stations) show that CoopMAC

  2. Utility-Optimal Wireless Random MAC Without Message Passing

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianwei

    Contention-based MAC want no message passing We will address these challenges J. Huang (IE) Random MACUtility-Optimal Wireless Random MAC Without Message Passing Jianwei Huang Department of Information (IE) Random MAC without Message Passing Oct. 2008 1 / 34 #12;Wireless MAC Protocols Coordinate

  3. Installing Pharos on Macintosh OS X 10.5 & 10.6 1. Download the Pharos Notify Client and the Pharos Popup Client from

    E-print Network

    Moore, Paul A.

    Installing Pharos on Macintosh OS X 10.5 & 10.6 1. Download the Pharos Notify Client and the Pharos Popup Client from http://www.pharos.com/Support/downloads/mac/mac-components.html Run both the Notify to unlock it. It will prompt for an administrator's username and password. 6. Begin adding the new Pharos

  4. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

  5. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

  6. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

  7. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

  8. 7 CFR 33.50 - Apples for processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples for processing. 33.50 Section 33.50...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Interpretive Rules 33.50 Apples for processing. The terms apples for...

  9. TR-MAC: An Energy-Eff cient MAC Protocol Exploiting Transmitted Reference Modulation for Wireless Sensor

    E-print Network

    Vellekoop, Michel

    TR-MAC: An Energy-Eff cient MAC Protocol Exploiting Transmitted Reference Modulation for Wireless University of Twente The Netherlands geert.heijenk@utwente.nl ABSTRACT The medium access control (MAC, transmitting or sleeping time. Therefore MAC protocols play an important role in minimizing the overall energy

  10. Obj.C Ex 4: Simulated iOS Apps Relies heavily on the XCode IDE.

    E-print Network

    Hawick, Ken

    Obj.C Ex 4: Simulated iOS Apps Relies heavily on the XCode IDE. iPhone and iPad Simulator programme is a free add-on for XCode .: you just need a Mac computer to develop an iOS app. Running;Frameworks UIKit.framework for developing standard iOS GUIs (buttons etc.) UITextField (user-entered text

  11. Apple Macintosh PowerBook

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Apple Worldwide Mobility Solutions recently announced a Web page dedicated to the communications, expandability, multimedia, and cross-platform compatibility features of the newest Apple Macintosh PowerBook computers. In addition to specific product information, the page provides Q & A on mobile communications capabilities, the PC Card as it relates to modems, wireless, and storage devices, and the expansion bay possibilities such as infrared devices.

  12. MACS as a tool for international inspections

    SciTech Connect

    Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

    1995-08-01

    The MACS/ACRS (Managed Access by Controlled Sensing/Access by Controlled Remote Sensing) system is a collection of communication devices, video capability, and distance-measuring equipment which can effectively substitute for the physical presence of a challenge inspector within a facility. The MACS design allows growth of the prototype, developed in response to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), into a versatile device for inspection of sensitive nuclear facilities under other international arrangements, for example the proposed Fissile Material Cutoff Convention. A MACS/ACRS-type system in a standard, international-recognized configuration could resolve sensitive information and safety concerns through providing a means of achieving the goals of an inspection while excluding the inspector. We believe the technology used to develop MACS for the Defense Nuclear Agency, followed by ACRS for the Department of Energy, is universally adaptable for minimally-intrusive managed-access international inspections of sensitive sites.

  13. User's manual for MacPASCO

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lucas, S. H.; Davis, R. C.

    1992-01-01

    A user's manual is presented for MacPASCO, which is an interactive, graphic, preprocessor for panel design. MacPASCO creates input for PASCO, an existing computer code for structural analysis and sizing of longitudinally stiffened composite panels. MacPASCO provides a graphical user interface which simplifies the specification of panel geometry and reduces user input errors. The user draws the initial structural geometry and reduces user input errors. The user draws the initial structural geometry on the computer screen, then uses a combination of graphic and text inputs to: refine the structural geometry; specify information required for analysis such as panel load and boundary conditions; and define design variables and constraints for minimum mass optimization. Only the use of MacPASCO is described, since the use of PASCO has been documented elsewhere.

  14. The MAC - a miniature atomic clock

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Lutwak; P. Vlitas; M. Varghese; M. Mescher; D. K. Serkland; G. M. Peake

    2005-01-01

    The authors are developing a chip-scale atomic clock (CSAC), more than two orders of magnitude smaller and lower power than any existing technology. As an intermediate milestone, en route to the ultimate CSAC objectives, we have developed a miniature atomic clock (MAC), combining the low-power CSAC physics package with a low-parts count, low-power digital control and microwave system. The MAC

  15. Multiple feedback algorithm for RFID MAC protocols

    Microsoft Academic Search

    You-Chang Ko; Sumit Roy; Choong-Ho Cho; Hyong-Woo Lee; Hari Krishna Garg

    2009-01-01

    This letter introduces a new tree-based anti-collision scheme using multiple feedbacks for uplink tag random access in a single-cell scenario. We examine MAC efficiency improvements that result from the proposed scheme in terms of uplink (UL) throughput for emerging radio frequency identification (RFID) networks, and compare it with the conventional tree based RFID MAC in ISO 18000-6 Type B standard.

  16. AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

    2013-01-01

    This The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past 3 years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

  17. AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

    2013-01-01

    The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past three years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

  18. Green Bean Apple Salad 1. 3 small apples, cored and thinly sliced

    E-print Network

    Jawitz, James W.

    Green Bean Apple Salad 1. 3 small apples, cored and thinly sliced 2. 1 lb green beans 3. red. Black pepper 10. Real lemon juice Slice apples and place in a container with some lemon juice (helps keep apples from browning). Remove stems from fresh green beans, place in pot with 1 inch of water

  19. Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the

    E-print Network

    Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the bacterium Erwinia. W. Lightner. 1990. Predicting apple blossom infections by Erwinia amylovora using the Maryblyt model for forecasting fire blight disease in apples and pears. University of Maryland, College Park, MD. #12;

  20. (only for user support!) Lfd.Nr.: Registration for the DHCP Service

    E-print Network

    Nabben, Reinhard

    of usage: from: until: guest student1 employee2 External E-Mail address: Hardware-Ethernet-Address (MAC-Address) : : : : : Unix: ,,ifconfig -a" Win XP/Vista/7 : ,,ipconfig /all" MacOS: Apple System Profiler If existent

  1. MAC in Motion: Impact of Mobility on the MAC of Drive-Thru Internet

    E-print Network

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    MAC in Motion: Impact of Mobility on the MAC of Drive-Thru Internet Tom H. Luan, Xinhua Ling decade has made possible for the easy Internet access from a vehicle, notably drive-thru Internet the throughput of DCF in the large scale drive-thru Internet scenario. Our model incorporates the high

  2. Differential Equations 1 (MAP 2302) 3 credits Prerequisite: MAC 2312 or MAC 2282

    E-print Network

    Richman, Fred

    Syllabus Differential Equations 1 (MAP 2302) 3 credits Prerequisite: MAC 2312 or MAC 2282 the book from the sections relevant for the given test. Comprehensive Final Exam: The final exam, scientific calculator, and valid picture ID during a testing session. DO NOT BRING CELL PHONES, BOOKS, BOOK

  3. Questions and Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home Food Resources for You Consumers Questions & Answers: Apple Juice and Arsenic July 15, 2013 What is ... MMA), may also be a health concern. Are apple and other fruit juices safe to drink? The ...

  4. Connecting your Apple to Octopus 7600's

    SciTech Connect

    Barton, G.W. Jr.

    1983-01-17

    In UCID-19588, Communicating between the Apple and the Wang, we described how to take Apple DOS text files and send them to the Wang, and how to return Wang files to the Apple. It is also possible to use your Apple as an Octopus terminal, and to exchange files with Octopus 7600's. Presumably, you can also talk to the Crays, or any other part of the system. This connection has another virtue. It eliminates one of the terminals in your office.

  5. Clarification of apple juice by electroflotation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Araya-Farias; M. Mondor; F. Lamarche; S. Tajchakavit; J. Makhlouf

    2008-01-01

    Apple Juice industry is in search of a simplified technology which enables a quick clarification and stabilisation of apple juice. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of electroflotation as an alternative for the clarification of apple juice. Clarification of apple juice by electroflotation was first done at various current densities (10, 20 and 40mA\\/cm2) with and without addition of

  6. Baked Apple and Sweet Potato Casserole Ingredients

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Baked Apple and Sweet Potato Casserole Ingredients: Non-stick cooking spray 5 sweet potatoes 4 apples, diced 1/2 cup brown sugar 1/4 cup margarine, melted 1 teaspoon nutmeg 1/4 cup hot water 2 into potato into small pieces. Add to large baking dish. 3. Cut apples down the center and in half again, down

  7. Apple Price List unh computer store

    E-print Network

    Apple Price List 6/16/14 unh computer store university of new hampshire phone: (603) 862-1328 fax for home) Upgrade: 4GB memory to 8GB memory & 128GB storage to 256GB storage $200.00 Apple USB Super http://computerstore.unh.edu/support.shtml for more details on warranty coverage. com #12;Apple Price

  8. Malcolm Guite The Magic Apple Tree

    E-print Network

    Robertson, Stephen

    Malcolm Guite The Magic Apple Tree Someday make a journey through the rain Through sodden streets in darkening December A journey to the magic apple tree. And journey also, darkling, through your past Journey records. You glimpsed it once within the garden wall, The image of an ancient apple tree, The fall

  9. Energy accounting of apple processing operations

    SciTech Connect

    Romero, R.; Singh, R.P.; Brown, D.

    1981-01-01

    A thermal-energy accounting study was conducted at an apple processing plant. An analysis is given of thermal energy use and thermal efficiencies of an apple-juice single-effect evaporator and an apple-sauce cooker. 3 refs.

  10. Feasibility of utilizing apple pomace

    SciTech Connect

    Stapleton, J.

    1983-06-01

    Apple pomace, the solid residue from juice production, is a solid waste problem in the Hudson Valley. This study investigates possibilities for converting it to a resource. The characteristics of the region's apple growing and processing industries are examined at length, including their potential for converting waste biomass. The properties of apple pomace are described. From interviews with Hudson Valley apple processors the following information is presented: quantities of pomace produced; seasonality of production; disposal procedures, costs, and revenues; trends in juice production; and attitudes toward alternatives. Literature research resulted in a list of more than 25 end uses for apple pomace of which eight were selected for analysis. Landfilling, landspreading, composting, animal feed, direct burning, gasification, anaerobic digestion (methane generation), and fermentation (ethanol production) were analyzed with regard to technical availability, regulatory and environmental impact, attitudes toward end use, and energetic and economic feasibility (See Table 19). The study recommends (1) a pilot anaerobic digestion plant be set up, (2) the possibility of extracting methane from the Marlborough landfill be investigated, (3) a study of the mid-Hudson waste conversion potential be conducted, and (4) an education program in alternative waste management be carried out for the region's industrial and agricultural managers.

  11. For iOS 7.1 Software 7 Chapter 1: iPad at a Glance

    E-print Network

    Cambridge, University of

    iPad User Guide For iOS 7.1 Software #12;Contents 7 Chapter 1: iPad at a Glance 7 iPad Overview 9 Apple ID 14 Set up mail and other accounts 14 Manage content on your iOS devices 15 iCloud 16 Connect i

  12. Map of wireless networks For more information on University wireless services visit

    E-print Network

    Martin, Stephen John

    Map of wireless networks For more information on University wireless services visit: http://www.shef.ac.uk/cics/wireless. Corporate Information and Computing Services. Connecting To the Wireless Network. Mac OS X, Apple iPhone and iPod Touch #12;Connecting to the eduroam wireless network Mac OS X Prerequisites Mac OS X 10

  13. MacWilliams type equivalence relations

    E-print Network

    Choi, Soohak; Kim, Hyun Kwang; Oh, Dong Yeol

    2012-01-01

    Let $\\mathbb{P}$ be a poset on $[n]$ and $E$ an equivalence relation on the set of order ideals of $\\mathbb{P}$. First we introduce a new weight distribution, called the $E$-weight distribution, which generalizes the $\\mathbb{P}$-weight distribution. Next we introduce the class of equivalence relations so called the MacWilliams-type equivalence relations which enables us to study the Macwilliams duality for $E$-weight distributions. We impose a particular condition on an equivalence relation, and finally prove that this condition is an equivalent condition to become a MacWilliams-type equivalence relation. We also drive the MacWilliams duality for the $E$-weight distributions when $E$ satisfies the conditions mentioned above.

  14. 12 CFR 615.5174 - Farmer Mac securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...You must perform stress tests on mortgage securities that are issued or guaranteed...c). If a Farmer Mac security fails a stress test, you must divest it as...615.5174 Farmer Mac securities. (d) Stress Test. You must...

  15. Recombinant DNA technology in apple.

    PubMed

    Gessler, Cesare; Patocchi, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    This review summarizes the achievements of almost 20 years of recombinant DNA technology applied to apple, grouping the research results into the sections: developing the technology, insect resistance, fungal disease resistance, self-incompatibility, herbicide resistance, fire blight resistance, fruit ripening, allergens, rooting ability, and acceptance and risk assessment. The diseases fire blight, caused by Erwinia amylovora, and scab, caused by Venturia inaequalis, were and still are the prime targets. Shelf life improvement and rooting ability of rootstocks are also relevant research areas. The tools to create genetically modified apples of added value to producers, consumers, and the environment are now available. PMID:17522823

  16. An Apple as the Planet

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this demonstration, an apple is used to help students visualize the relative amounts of land and water resources on the planet, and highlights the vulnerability of these resources we share. The apple is sectioned proportionately according to different categories of resources and land use. Questions are provided to guide a discussion. This activity is supported by a textbook chapter, One Global Ocean, part of the unit, Losing Biodiversity, in Global Systems Science (GSS), an interdisciplinary course for high school students that emphasizes how scientists from a wide variety of fields work together to understand significant problems of global impact.

  17. Multispectral inspection station detects defects on apples

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Throop, James A.; Aneshansley, Daniel J.; Anger, Bill

    2000-12-01

    The performance of a multi-spectral apple inspection station capable of orienting some cultivars, conveying, and presenting apples to a camera at five apples per second is described. Apples are pre-sized and hand placed on the conveying devices to rotate about an axis passing through both the stem and calyx of each apple. An image of each apple is captured at four different wavelengths through a common aperture. Special optics and filters allow simultaneous image capture of apple reflectance for wavelength bands of 540 nm, 650 nm, 750 nm, and 950 nm, each with a bandwidth of approximately 60 nm. As each apple is conveyed laterally and rotated through the camera's field of view, 6 regions of interest representing most of the apple's surface at each wavelength band are captured. The images are processed to segment each defect from the surrounding undamaged tissue and the area of each defect is recorded. Typical defects such as new bruises, bruises on stored apples, scab, sooty blotch, corking, rot, russet, and insect damage are detected. Data is shown quantifying the ability of the inspection station to sort damaged apples into appropriate grades for correct pricing in the processing industry.

  18. Windows Media Player 7 for Mac

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    On March 22, 2001, Microsoft announced the release of Windows Media Player 7 for Mac. While it has not yet fully displaced RealPlayer as the standard streaming media player for the Web, Windows Media Player is absolutely a must-have plug-in. Features of the newest version include a new skin; local and streamed playback of .asf, .wma, .wmv, .asx, .wmx, .wax, .wm, .wvx, and .mp3 extensions; multiple bit rates; closed captioning; and intelligent streaming; among others. Mac users will find system requirements and download instructions at the above URL.

  19. Student MAC Wireless Setup Guide Page 1 of 3

    E-print Network

    Student MAC Wireless Setup Guide Page 1 of 3 Last updated: August 2012 Curtin IT Services IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR CURTIN WIRELESS ACCESS - STUDENT / MAC - Information required for connection Services using a Mac installed with OSX 10.7 and 10.6. There may be some variations in the screenshot

  20. Automated MAC Protocol Generation under Dynamic Traffic Conditions

    E-print Network

    Rodoplu, Volkan

    Automated MAC Protocol Generation under Dynamic Traffic Conditions Jian Zhen and Volkan Rodoplu 93106 Abstract--We formulate the automated MAC protocol gen- eration problem under dynamic traffic of which a look-up table is produced for each design function. Structurally different MAC protocols

  1. Comparing Underwater MAC Protocols in Real Sea Experiment

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Shengli

    Comparing Underwater MAC Protocols in Real Sea Experiment Lina Pu, Yu Luo, Haining Mo, Zheng Peng MAC protocols have been proposed and studied based on simulations and theoretical analysis, few work MAC protocols, random access based UW-Aloha, handshaking based SASHA, and scheduling based pipelined

  2. eduroam MAC Setup Guide Page 1 of 3

    E-print Network

    eduroam MAC Setup Guide Page 1 of 3 Last updated: August 2012 Curtin IT Services eduroam participating institutions to securely access the Internet from Curtin. For Mac OSX 10.8, 10.7 and 10 wireless networks. #12;eduroam MAC Setup Guide Page 2 of 3 Last updated: August 2012 Curtin IT Services

  3. Lightweight MAC Algorithms M.R.C. van Dongen

    E-print Network

    van Dongen, Marc

    Lightweight MAC Algorithms M.R.C. van Dongen dongen@cs.ucc.ie Cork Constraint Computation Centre CS are the workhorse of backtrackers that Maintain Arc­Consistency (MAC). This report will provide experimental­consistency algorithm to have an optimal worst case time­complexity. To sacrifice this optimality allows MAC solvers

  4. Evaluating complex MAC protocols for sensor networks with APMC

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    AVoCS 2006 Evaluating complex MAC protocols for sensor networks with APMC Michael Cadilhac1 Thomas present an analysis of a MAC (Medium Access Control) protocol for wireless sensor net- works. The purpose computed the probabilities of several properties of the MAC protocol being studied, thus giving some

  5. Multichannel MAC Protocol with Discontiguous-OFDM for Cognitive Radio

    E-print Network

    Lee, Tae-Jin

    Multichannel MAC Protocol with Discontiguous-OFDM for Cognitive Radio Networks Mingyu Lee and Tae Korea lmk0218@skku.edu,tjlee@ece.skku.ac.kr Abstract. Medium access control (MAC) protocols for secondary users (SUs). Many MAC protocols use a sin- gle control channel with a bottleneck problem

  6. Lightweight MAC Algorithms M.R.C. van Dongen

    E-print Network

    van Dongen, Marc

    Lightweight MAC Algorithms M.R.C. van Dongen dongen@cs.ucc.ie Cork Constraint Computation Centre CS are the workhorse of backtrackers that Maintain Arc-Consistency (MAC). This report will provide experimental-consistency algorithm to have an optimal worst case time-complexity. To sacrifice this optimality allows MAC solvers

  7. Reverse Engineering MAC: A Non-Cooperative Game Model

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianwei

    Reverse Engineering MAC: A Non-Cooperative Game Model Jianwei Huang Information Engineering. Huang (CUHK) Reverse Engineering MAC Nov. 2007 1 / 21 #12;Summary Reverse engineering: Given the missing piece (on MAC) for existing layers 2-4 protocols on rigorous mathematical foundation J. Huang

  8. A Variant of Poly1305 MAC and Its Security Proof

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dayin Wang; Dongdai Lin; Wenling Wu

    2005-01-01

    \\u000a We give a variant of Poly1305 MAC and prove its security viewing this MAC as a Carter-Wegman MAC. The proposed variant not\\u000a only keeps all the good properties of the Poly1305, but also makes Poly1305 deterministic.

  9. Using Power Hopping to Counter MAC Spoof Attacks in WLAN

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vijayakrishnan Nagarajan; Vetri Arasan; Dijiang Huang

    2010-01-01

    IEEE 802.11-based wireless LANs (WLANs) are deployed in public places, universities, offices and shops. The main reason for the popularity is convenience of internetworking without wires. The increase in WLANs also resulted in increase of security threats. One of these threats is spoofing MAC address. Some WLANs use MAC filtering to allow stations with registered MAC addresses to use the

  10. Using MAC Addresses in the Lawful Interception of IP Traffic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Branch; A. Pavlicic; G. Armitage

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we report on our investigations into the feasibility of using MAC addresses rather than IP addresses as an identifier in Lawful Interception. We found that MAC address interception in PPPoE and Broadband Ethernet environments can be very easily subverted. Consequently, we believe that MAC based interception is a poor option for lawful interception.

  11. HIMAC: High Throughput MAC Layer Multicasting in Wireless Networks

    E-print Network

    Sinha, Prasun

    1 HIMAC: High Throughput MAC Layer Multicasting in Wireless Networks Ai Chen, Dongwook Lee and robust multicasting support from the MAC layer is needed for meeting the demands of multicast based received those packets by virtue of overhearing. We propose a solu- tion for MAC layer multicasting called

  12. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2009 Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan Apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU AgBioResearch NW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT #1 September 16, 2009 General Comments - This year the NWMHRS will be testing apples

  13. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2007 Nikki Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU Ag Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity Line (231) 947-3063 NW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT #1 August

  14. WiseMAC: an ultra low power MAC protocol for the downlink of infrastructure wireless sensor networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amre El-hoiydi; Jean-dominique Decotignie

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes WiseMAC (Wireless Sensor MAC) for the downlink of infrastructure wireless sensor networks. WiseMAC is a novel energy efficient medium access control protocol based on synchronized preamble sampling. The trade-off between power consumption and delay is ana- lyzed, focusing on low traffic. WiseMAC is compared an- alytically with the power management protocol used in the IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee

  15. N-MAC: a Network MAC cross layer design for supporting differentiated services and simpler management mechanisms in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    N-MAC: a Network MAC cross layer design for supporting differentiated services and simpler This article presents N-MAC (for Network-MAC), a cross layer design framework that enables the implementation of scheduling policies by resolving some problems related to the wireless environment. N- MAC is based on CSMA

  16. Dry bin filler for apples

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A unique dry bin filler for apples using a sequenced tray was developed to reduce bruising in packing operations. Research and commercial trials in West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Washington State demonstrated the ability to fill bins evenly and with low damage. Cultivars with different bruising su...

  17. The Apple iPhone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Farris; Robert Spekman

    This case describes the introduction of the Apple iPhone, including subsequent price reductions and market share goals. The case includes publicly available data on iPhone production costs, channel margins, and marketing costs. It concludes with the July 2008 introduction of the second generation 3G iPhone.

  18. Ethylene Production by Apple Protoplasts

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, James D.; Lieberman, Morris; Stewart, Robert N.

    1979-01-01

    Freshly prepared protoplasts from apple tissue that produced ethylene were obtained. Ethylene production was inhibited by osmotic shock, 0.01% Triton X-100, and aminoethoxyvinyl glycine. Protoplasts as well as the ethylene system were not greatly affected by protease treatment. Images PMID:16660839

  19. Plant Disease Lesson: Apple scab

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lisa J. Vaillancourt (University of Kentucky; )

    2000-10-05

    This plant disease lesson on Apple scab (caused by Venturia inaequalis) includes information on symptoms and signs, pathogen biology, disease cycle and epidemiology, disease management, and the significance of the disease. Selected references are listed and a glossary is also available for use with this resource.

  20. Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-12-03

    This fact sheet describes the Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) program. This educational program uses a 34-meter antenna for classroom radio astronomy observations via the Internet. It introduces students from elementary school through high school to the process of science with the goal of improving science literacy among American students.

  1. WTE-MAC: Wakeup time estimation MAC For improving end-to-end delay performance In WSN

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jae-Ho Lee; Kyeong Hur; Doo-Seop Eom

    2011-01-01

    Typically, asynchronous Media Access Control (MAC) protocols are used to monitor a significant facility for rare events or to detect an intrusion in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Moreover, asynchronous MAC protocols can achieve high energy efficiency due to the fact that there is no periodic control frame. However, asynchronous MAC protocols have the problem of long end-to-end delay time caused

  2. SoftMAC: Layer 2.5 MAC for VoIP Support in Multi-hop Wireless Networks

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Zhi-Li

    . Without carefully controlled traffic volume to reduce collision, a multi- hop wireless network deployingSoftMAC: Layer 2.5 MAC for VoIP Support in Multi-hop Wireless Networks Haitao Wu1 , Xin Wang2 over multi-hop wireless networks using commercial IEEE 802.11 MAC DCF hardware, and propose a novel

  3. AM-MAC: an energy efficient, Adaptive Multi-hop MAC protocol for sensor networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kien Nguyen; Yusheng Ji

    2010-01-01

    Sensor network MAC protocols use a duty cycling mechanism and a multi-hop transmission to create a good trade-off between their energy efficiency and latency. The nodes in duty cycling multi-hop MAC protocols such as RMAC periodically sleep\\/listen during the operational cycle to reduce their energy consumption by idle listening; and the listening period is usually long in order to support

  4. BREAKING NEW GROUNDS OVER 3000 M MAC\\/s: A BROADBAND MOBILE MULTIMEDIA MODEM DSP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerhard Fettweis; M. Weiss; W. Drescher; U. Walther; F. Engel; S. Kobayashi; T. Ri

    1998-01-01

    1. ABSTRACT Future DSP architectures need to be developed for paving th e way into a generation of high scale signal processing power, i.e. greater than 1000M MAC\\/s (multiply accumulate per second). This can only be reached today by introducing a new parallel processing paradigm into DSP architecture. In this paper we show that this requirement can be achieved alre

  5. An End User Enabled MAC-in-MAC Encapsulation Scheme for Metro-Ethernet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaocui Sun; Zhijun Wang; Hao Che; Feng Zhao

    2008-01-01

    Easy management and maintenance and highly cost effective equipment make Ethernet an attractive technology for deploying metropolitan area networks (MANs). However, Ethernet has poor scalability due to use flat addressing scheme. To make metro-Ethernet more scalable, the provider edge (PE) nodes can use MAC-in-MAC (MiM) encapsulation scheme for frame forwarding. The MiM encapsulation scheme reduces the forwarding table size in

  6. A single-chip, 1.6-billion, 16-b MAC\\/s multiprocessor DSP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Ackland; A. Anesko; D. Brinthaupt; S. J. Daubert; A. Kalavade; J. Knobloch; E. Micca; M. Moturi; C. J. Nicol; J. H. O'Neill; J. Othmer; E. Sckinger; K. J. Singh; J. Sweet; C. J. Terman; J. Williams

    2000-01-01

    An MIMD multiprocessor digital signal- processing (DSP) chip containing four 64-b processing elements (PE's) interconnected by a 128-b pipelined split transaction bus (STBus) is presented. Each PE contains a 32-b RISC core with DSP enhancements and a 64-b single-instruction, multiple-data vector coprocessor with four 16-b MAC\\/s and a vector reduction unit. PE's are connected to the STBus through reconfigurable dual-ported

  7. Registration Form Girl Guide Day @ Mac

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Michael

    Registration Form Girl Guide Day @ Mac Pack/Unit Registration Saturday, March 24, 2012 Leader: http://venture.mcmaster.ca Fax: 905-546-5492; Email: vespi@mcmaster.ca Number of Girl Guides Attending: Number of Leaders Attending: Total Fee (Number of Girls x $15) MasterCard VISA Once received, your

  8. RIVIER COLLEGE MA/CS Department

    E-print Network

    Riabov, Vladimir V.

    to the team project: The project should include: = Title of the project; = One-page Executive SummaryRIVIER COLLEGE MA/CS Department CS552: Software Design Strategy TEAM PROJECT REQUIREMENTS; = Introduction [project feasibility]; = Functional Definitions & Specifications; = System Design Approach

  9. Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology

    E-print Network

    Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

  10. MAC Layer Multicast in Wireless Multihop Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shweta Jain; Samir R. Das

    2006-01-01

    Many applications in wireless ad-hoc networks require multicast communication. In order to provide efficient multicast, various multicast routing protocols have been designed in recent years to facilitate formation of routes between multicast senders and receivers. There has also been some work to develop a suitable MAC protocol to improve efficiency of multicast communication. In this work we explore some approaches

  11. Potassium channels Roderick MacKinnon

    E-print Network

    Alford, Simon

    Minireview Potassium channels Roderick MacKinnon Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of European Biochemical Societies. Pub- lished by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Key words: Potassium channels; K channels; Ion selectivity; Gating; Voltage dependent ion channels 1. Introduction Potassium

  12. Managed Access by Controlled Sensing (MACS)

    SciTech Connect

    Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

    1994-08-01

    During chemical weapons challenge inspections, the CWC treaty allows ``alternate means`` of access to be proposed by the nation challenged. BNL`s Safeguards, Safety and Nonproliferation Division is funded by the Defense Nuclear Agency to develop a system to provide the challenge inspection team with a ``virtual presence`` within the facility while denying personal access. A general purpose configuration of a mobile station manned by site personnel and a base station manned by the challenge inspector, supported by a flexible communication system, will allow facility personnel to tailor the basic model to their site. Design of the MACS system is based on maximum use of commercial equipment that is available on the international market. Design requirements for the MACS system include methods of establishing geographical position, distance measuring equipment for use in verifying dimensions on floor plans, video and two-way audio links between the mobile unit and the base station, and portability and versatility of the equipment. The MACS platform will also support deployment of selected instrumentation which the site may offer to the challenge inspection team. This paper describes the design and construction of the prototype MACS system.

  13. Department Heads Meeting D. MacFarlane

    E-print Network

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Department Heads Meeting D. MacFarlane March 21, 2013 #12;Snowmass working groups Snowmass web-7 at SLAC Energy Frontier All Hands: April 3-6 at Brookhaven (web site) June 30-July 3 at U. Washington a world leading cosmic frontier program Cosmology, cosmic ray, dark matter & dark energy emphasis

  14. Results from the MAC Vertex chamber

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, H.N.

    1987-05-01

    The design, construction, and performance characteristics of a high precision gaseous drift chamber made of thin walled proportional tubes are described. The device achieved an average spatial resolution of 45 ..mu..m in use for physics analysis with the MAC detector. The B-lifetime result obtained with this chamber is discussed.

  15. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Project MAC

    E-print Network

    Gummadi, Ramakrishna

    Memo No. 3 April 3, 1964 Study of Requirements of Highly Interactive Typewriter Communication the characteristics needed for the highly interactive typewriter dialogs that will become possible with future MAC interactive man/machine communication through typewriter terminals with the following objectives: 1

  16. MACS as a tool for international inspections

    SciTech Connect

    Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

    1995-06-01

    General acceptance of the challenge provision in the Chemical Weapons Convention has the potential for influence in other arms control areas. While most applications of the challenge inspection may be straightforward, there may be instances where access to the site by inspectors may be problematic. The MACS system described in this paper was developed to respond to these situations. Inspection and verification may be difficult when a host is unwilling,for valid reasons, to permit physical access to a site. We proposed a system of remote sensors which may be used to demonstrate compliance with Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) challenge inspections even ff the inspector is physically excluded from a sensitive site. The system is based upon alternative-means-of-access provisions of the CWC. The Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) funded design and construction of a system prototype, designated as MACS for Managed Access by Controlled Sensing. Features of the MACS design allow growth of the prototype into a versatile device for international monitoring of production facilities and other sites. MACS consists of instrumentation and communication equipment allowing site personnel to conduct a facility tour and perform acceptable measurements, while physically excluding the inspector from the facility. MACS consists of a base station used by the inspector, and a mobile unit used within the facility and manipulated by the facility staff. The base station and the mobile unit are @ed by a communication system, currently realized as a fiber optic cable. The mobile unit is equipped with television cameras and remote-reading distance-measuring equipment (DME) for use in verifying locations and dimensions. Global Positioning System receivers on the mobile unit provide both precise location and dead reckoning, suitable for tracking the mobile unit`s position while within a building when satellite signals are not available.

  17. Detection of Spoofed MAC Addresses in 802.11 Wireless Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Kai; Li, Jing; Sampalli, Srinivas

    Medium Access Control (MAC) address spoofing is considered as an important first step in a hacker's attempt to launch a variety of attacks on 802.11 wireless networks. Unfortunately, MAC address spoofing is hard to detect. Most current spoofing detection systems mainly use the sequence number (SN) tracking technique, which has drawbacks. Firstly, it may lead to an increase in the number of false positives. Secondly, such techniques cannot be used in systems with wireless cards that do not follow standard 802.11 sequence number patterns. Thirdly, attackers can forge sequence numbers, thereby causing the attacks to go undetected. We present a new architecture called WISE GUARD (Wireless Security Guard) for detection of MAC address spoofing on 802.11 wireless LANs. It integrates three detection techniques - SN tracking, Operating System (OS) fingerprinting & tracking and Received Signal Strength (RSS) fingerprinting & tracking. It also includes the fingerprinting of Access Point (AP) parameters as an extension to the OS fingerprinting for detection of AP address spoofing. We have implemented WISE GUARD on a test bed using off-the-shelf wireless devices and open source drivers. Experimental results show that the new design enhances the detection effectiveness and reduces the number of false positives in comparison with current approaches.

  18. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  19. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  20. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  1. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  2. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  3. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The Apple Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2005 and...

  4. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  5. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  6. 7 CFR 457.158 - Apple crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apple crop insurance provisions. 457.158 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS 457.158 Apple crop insurance provisions. The apple crop insurance provisions for the 2011 and...

  7. 7 CFR 33.12 - Apples not subject to regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples not subject to regulation. 33.12 Section...REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE EXPORT APPLE ACT Exemptions 33.12 Apples not subject to regulation. Except...

  8. Seed and pollen transmission of Apple latent spherical virus in apple

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kazuya Nakamura; Noriko Yamagishi; Masamichi Isogai; Sadao Komori; Tsutae Ito; Nobuyuki Yoshikawa

    2011-01-01

    To examine whether Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) has spread among apple trees in an orchard, we surveyed 21 apple trees surrounding two ALSV-infected trees for virus\\u000a infection using a double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA). None of the 21 trees were infected,\\u000a indicating that ALSV has not spread from the infected trees to the neighboring apple trees since it

  9. Orienting apples for imaging using their inertial properties and random apple loading

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The inability to control apple orientation during imaging has hindered development of automated systems for sorting apples for defects such as bruises and for safety issues such as fecal contamination. Recently, a potential method for orienting apples based on their inertial properties was discovere...

  10. 4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 1/12

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 1 5. Run the installer #12;4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX;4/29/13 MAC OSX Instructions.html file:///Users/cpecken1/Desktop/MAC OSX Instructions.html 3/12 5. Click

  11. University of Illinois Extension-Schools Online: Apples & More

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This all-about-apples website was created by Schools Online at the University of Illinois Extension. For educators, the Apples & More website presents a collection of apple-related activities in the subject areas of math, art, social studies, literature, and science. In addition, the site contains information sections regarding apple nutrition, facts, varieties, recipes, and apple preservation. The site also offers annotated links for apple history, apple growing, selection and uses, and cider. Site visitors looking for apple orchards will find separate listings for growers in Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin. The site is available in Spanish and English.

  12. Cloudy apple juice protects against chemical-induced oxidative stress in rat

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ma?gorzata Kujawska; Ewa Ignatowicz; Ma?gorzata Ewertowska; Jaros?aw Markowski; Jadwiga Jodynis-Liebert

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundApples abundant in phenolic compounds show a variety of biological activities that may contribute to beneficial effects against\\u000a some chronic diseases.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PurposeThe aim of our study was to assess the protective effect of cloudy apple juice against chemical-induced oxidative stress in\\u000a rats.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MethodsMale Wistar rats were treated with apple juice per os, 10mL\\/kg\\/day for 28days and with a single dose

  13. RealOne Player for Max OS X

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This week, RealNetworks released the beta version of their Player application for the Mac OS X. The application contains many of the features common to the previous versions of RealPlayer, along with a new feature that helps eliminate buffering over high-speed connections. In addition, this version of RealOne Player also contains RealVideo 9, which assists in the viewing of video clips and other images. Finally, this beta version will not override currently installed versions of RealPlayer 7 or 8.

  14. Membrane targeting by APPL1 and APPL2: dynamic scaffolds that oligomerize and bind phosphoinositides.

    PubMed

    Chial, Heidi J; Wu, Ruping; Ustach, Carolyn V; McPhail, Linda C; Mobley, William C; Chen, Yong Q

    2008-02-01

    Human adaptor protein, phosphotyrosine interaction, PH domain and leucine zipper containing 1 (APPL1) and adaptor protein, phosphotyrosine interaction, PH domain and leucine zipper containing 2 (APPL2) are homologous effectors of the small guanosine triphosphatase RAB5 that interact with a diverse set of receptors and signaling proteins and are proposed to function in endosome-mediated signaling. Herein, we investigated the membrane-targeting properties of the APPL1 and APPL2 Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR), pleckstrin homology (PH) and phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domains. Coimmunoprecipitation and yeast two-hybrid studies demonstrated that full-length APPL proteins formed homooligomers and heterooligomers and that the APPL minimal BAR domains were necessary and sufficient for mediating APPL-APPL interactions. When fused to a fluorescent protein and overexpressed, all three domains (minimal BAR, PH and PTB) were targeted to cell membranes. Furthermore, full-length APPL proteins bound to phosphoinositides, and the APPL isolated PH or PTB domains were sufficient for in vitro phosphoinositide binding. Live cell imaging showed that full-length APPL-yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) fusion proteins associated with cytosolic membrane structures that underwent movement, fusion and fission events. Overexpression of full-length APPL-YFP fusion proteins was sufficient to recruit endogenous RAB5 to enlarged APPL-associated membrane structures, although APPL1 was not necessary for RAB5 membrane targeting. Taken together, our findings suggest a role for APPL proteins as dynamic scaffolds that modulate RAB5-associated signaling endosomal membranes by their ability to undergo domain-mediated oligomerization, membrane targeting and phosphoinositide binding. PMID:18034774

  15. Apple cuticle: the perfect interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curry, Eric; Arey, Bruce

    2010-06-01

    The domestic apple might well be called an 'extreme' fruit. In the arid Northwest United States, the fruit often tolerates surface temperatures ranging from -2 C in the early spring to 50 C in the heat of summer, and again to -2 C during controlled postharvest storage for up to 12 months. During its 18-month existence, the apple maintains a cuticle that is dynamic and environmentally responsive to protect against 1) cellular water loss during desiccation stress and 2) excessive uptake of standing surface moisture. Physiological disorders of the peel such as russeting, cracking, splitting, flecking and lenticel marking, develop as epidermal cells respond to rapid changes in ambient conditions at specific developmental stages during the growing season. Resultant market losses underlie research investigating the nature of apple cuticle growth and development. Ultrastructural analysis of the pro-cuticle using scanning electron microscopy indicates an overlapping network of lipid-based distally-elongating microtubules--produced by and connected to epidermal cells--which co-polymerize to form an organic solvent-insoluble semi-permeable cutin matrix. Microtubule elongation, aggregation, and polymerization function together as long as the fruit continues to enlarge. The nature of lipid transport from the epidermal cells through the cell wall to become part of the cuticular matrix was explored using an FEI Helios NanoLabTM DualBeamTM focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope on chemically- and cryo-fixed peel tissue from mature or freshly harvested apples. Based on microtubule dimensions, regular projections found at the cell/cuticle interface suggest an array of microtubule-like structures associated with the epidermal cell.

  16. 4.MD Margie Buys Apples

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-05-14

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Margie bought 3 apples that cost 50 cents each. She paid with a five-dollar bill. How much change did Margie receive?...

  17. A Slice of Apple Fly

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-07-22

    In this activity, learners build an instrument for catching and observing flies. Learners act as entomologists, attract flies into a jar using a slice of apple, and then observe the flies' behavior. Learners distinguish between male and female flies and study fly reproduction. The learning time for this activity can vary significantly, depending on how long learners want to observe the flies. Learners release the flies outside at the end of the activity.

  18. The MacDowell Colony Exhibition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Artist colonies have always fascinated the American public, and whether they have been informally organized or not, they seem to provide great opportunities for a variety of collaborations. One of the oldest of these colonies is the MacDowell Colony in Peterborough, New Hampshire. The colony was started in 1907 by the composer Edward MacDowell and his wife Marian, and over the past century it has been host to the likes of Willa Cather, Leonard Bernstein, Thorntown Wilder, and James Baldwin. This site was created in conjunction with an in situ exhibit at the Thomas Jefferson Building at the Library of Congress, and visitors to the site will be able to learn about the history of the colony through first-hand accounts, video clips featuring the curators of the exhibit, and objects that have been part of the colony's history. Some of these digitized objects include photographs, manuscripts, and musical scores.

  19. Assembly of the Mitochondrial Apoptosis-induced Channel, MAC*S?

    PubMed Central

    Martinez-Caballero, Sonia; Dejean, Laurent M.; Kinnally, Michael S.; Oh, Kyoung Joon; Mannella, Carmen A.; Kinnally, Kathleen W.

    2009-01-01

    Although Bcl-2 family proteins control intrinsic apoptosis, the mechanisms underlying this regulation are incompletely understood. Patch clamp studies of mitochondria isolated from cells deficient in one or both of the pro-apoptotic proteins Bax and Bak show that at least one of the proteins must be present for formation of the cytochrome c-translocating channel, mitochondrial apoptosis-induced channel (MAC), and that the single channel behaviors of MACs containing exclusively Bax or Bak are similar. Truncated Bid catalyzes MAC formation in isolated mitochondria containing Bax and/or Bak with a time course of minutes and does not require VDAC1 or VDAC3. Mathematical analysis of the stepwise changes in conductance associated with MAC formation is consistent with pore assembly by a barrel-stave model. Assuming the staves are two transmembrane ?-helices in Bax and Bak, mature MAC pores would typically contain ?9 monomers and have diameters of 5.56 nm. The mitochondrial permeability data are inconsistent with formation of lipidic pores capable of transporting megadalton-sized macromolecules as observed with recombinant Bax in liposomes. PMID:19261612

  20. Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105: A new FAN of lunar petrology

    SciTech Connect

    Neal, C.R. (Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States) Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)); Taylor, L.A. (Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States)); Lui, Yungang; Schmitt, R.A. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

    1991-11-01

    New lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 represents an exciting new opportunity to study a potentially unsampled region of the Moon. The authors have analyzed six thin sections by electron microprobe and three bulk samples by Instrumental Neutron Activation (INA) in order to determine the chemical characteristics of this new lunar sample. Lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite (FAN) suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts which appear to be of basaltic origin. One of these basaltic clasts (clast E in MAC88105,84) is probably mesostasis material, whereas the second larger clast (clast G) may be similar to the Very Low-Ti (VLT) or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105,69 and ,72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite. There is little evidence of any LKFM (Low-K Fra Mauro or low-K KREEP) contribution to this meteorite, as MAC88104/5 and other brecciated lunar meteorites are Fe-rich and poor in the incompatible elements relative to Apollo 16 regolith and feldspathic breccias. While the exact site of origin for the lunar meteorites cannot be pinpointed, it is evident that they were divided from a relatively KREEP-free ferroan anorthosite terrain.

  1. Symptomatic Os Infranaviculare

    PubMed Central

    Roh, Kwon Jae

    2013-01-01

    The author observed a new accessory bone of the foot in the distal portion of navicular, which articulated with the medial cuneiform and the intermediate cuneiform, and named it os infranaviculare. A degenerative change was observed between the accessory bone and the navicular; this caused midfoot pain to the patient during weight-bearing. Thus, the patient was treated by excision of the accessory bone. The symptom was relieved at one-year postoperative. PMID:23730481

  2. MAC cwnam@netlab.ac.kr, sbahk@slu.ac.kr

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    MAC , cwnam@netlab.ac.kr, sbahk@slu.ac.kr A Threshold-based Multi-Round MAC Protocol MAC . (Multi-Round) . IEEE 802.11 DCF , . , SNR . SNR . MAC . . IEEE 802.11 MAC . 802.11n (Single-User MIMO, SU-MIMO) , 802

  3. EP-MAC e-mail : jyoak@snu.ac.kr, sbahk@snu.ac.kr

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    EP-MAC *, e-mail : jyoak@snu.ac.kr, sbahk@snu.ac.kr Early Preamble MAC to reduce, Saewoong Bahk EECS & INMC, Seoul National University Abstract In MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks-cycled wireless sensor motes. In this paper we propose Early Preamble-MAC(EP-MAC) which enables to get enhanced

  4. Syllabus Fall 2011 Calculus with Analytic Geometry 1 (MAC 2311) 4 credits

    E-print Network

    Richman, Fred

    Syllabus Fall 2011 Calculus with Analytic Geometry 1 (MAC 2311) 4 credits Calculus for Engineers 1 (MAC 2281) 4 credits Prerequisite: MAC 1140 and MAC 1114 with a minimum grade of C, or MAC 11147, and Geometry is essential to succeed in calculus. Instructor: CRN: Office: Office Hours: E-mail Address: Phone

  5. W-MAC: a workload-aware MAC protocol for heterogeneous convergecast in wireless sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Xia, Ming; Dong, Yabo; Lu, Dongming

    2011-01-01

    The power consumption and latency of existing MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are high in heterogeneous convergecast, where each sensor node generates different amounts of data in one convergecast operation. To solve this problem, we present W-MAC, a workload-aware MAC protocol for heterogeneous convergecast in WSNs. A subtree-based iterative cascading scheduling mechanism and a workload-aware time slice allocation mechanism are proposed to minimize the power consumption of nodes, while offering a low data latency. In addition, an efficient schedule adjustment mechanism is provided for adapting to data traffic variation and network topology change. Analytical and simulation results show that the proposed protocol provides a significant energy saving and latency reduction in heterogeneous convergecast, and can effectively support data aggregation to further improve the performance. PMID:22163753

  6. W-MAC: A Workload-Aware MAC Protocol for Heterogeneous Convergecast in Wireless Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Xia, Ming; Dong, Yabo; Lu, Dongming

    2011-01-01

    The power consumption and latency of existing MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are high in heterogeneous convergecast, where each sensor node generates different amounts of data in one convergecast operation. To solve this problem, we present W-MAC, a workload-aware MAC protocol for heterogeneous convergecast in WSNs. A subtree-based iterative cascading scheduling mechanism and a workload-aware time slice allocation mechanism are proposed to minimize the power consumption of nodes, while offering a low data latency. In addition, an efficient schedule adjustment mechanism is provided for adapting to data traffic variation and network topology change. Analytical and simulation results show that the proposed protocol provides a significant energy saving and latency reduction in heterogeneous convergecast, and can effectively support data aggregation to further improve the performance. PMID:22163753

  7. Prediction of Apple Quality by Optical Properties

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Optical properties (i.e., absorption and scattering) are useful for assessing the internal quality of apples such as firmness and soluble solids content (SSC). A spatially-resolved hyperspectral imaging technique was developed to measure the optical properties of apples for predicting fruit firmness...

  8. B: Pancakes, Turkey Baked Apples, Milk

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    B: Pancakes, Turkey Sausage, Baked Apples, Milk L: Hamburger, Potato Wedges, Mixed Fruit, Milk S: Oranges B: Toast, Turkey Sausage, Pears, Milk L: Turkey Breast, Iceberg Lettuce, Tomato, Baked Apples, Bread, Milk S: Cheese Crackers B: Cereal, Toast, Bananas, Milk L: Chicken Tomato Bake, Broccoli, Mixed

  9. Regulation of skin color in apples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Lancaster; Donald K. Dougall

    1992-01-01

    The literature of the regulation of color in apple skin is reviewed and compared with current knowledge of the regulation of flower color.Color in apple skin is a blend of various amounts of chlorophyll, carotenoids, and anthocyanins\\/flavonols. A variety of red colors are produced by cyanidin glycosides copigmented with flavonols and other compounds. The concentration and identification of flavonols, proanthocyanidins,

  10. Production of alcohol from apple pomace

    SciTech Connect

    Hang, Y.D.; Lee, C.Y.; Woodams, E.E.; Cooley, H.J.

    1981-12-01

    Production of ethyl alcohol from apple pomace with a Montrachet strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is described. More than 43 grams of the ethyl alcohol could be produced per kg of apple pomace fermented at 30 degrees Celcius in 24 hours. The fermentation efficiency of this process was approximately 89%. (Refs. 9).

  11. Interview with Clyde MacDonald (1) by Mike Hastings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clyde MacDonald

    2008-01-01

    Biographical NoteClyde MacDonald, Jr. was born in 1929 in Old Orchard Beach, Maine, to Nellie MacDonald and Clyde MacDonald, Sr., who were both of Canadian descent. The oldest of four children, Clyde enlisted in the Army and served in Germany during the Korean War. After his military discharge, he became interested in politics at the local level. He attended Portland

  12. Determination of copper in clarified apple juices.

    PubMed

    Zeiner, Michaela; Juranovi? Cindri?, Iva; Krppl, Michaela; Stingeder, Gerhard

    2010-03-24

    Inorganic copper compounds are not considered as synthetic fertilizers for apple trees as they are traditional fertilizers. Thus, they are used in organic farming for soil or foliar applications. The European Union is for health reasons interested in reducing copper in apple orchards. Because the fertilizer application rate affects the nutrition of apples, the applied copper might also be reflected in the copper concentration of apple juices. Thus, the determination of copper is of concern for investigating the application of copper-containing fertilizers. Samples of clarified apple juice commercially available in the European market were analyzed for their copper content. Prior to quantification by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, the juices were processed by a microwave-assisted digestion system using HNO(3). All samples were also measured directly after dilution with HNO(3). The copper concentrations measured using both methods were all below the limit of detection (17 microg/L). PMID:20158210

  13. Experimental verification of finite element enhancement and MAC methods

    E-print Network

    Ibrahim, Syed Azman

    1991-01-01

    frequencies and mode shapes of the measured results exactly. Creamer's method on the other hand provides only an approximate solution; thus, it does not guarantee an improved model which will produce accurate results. The submatrices utilized during... APPENDIX B APPENDIX C VITA 133 135 139 147 203 LIST OF TABLES Table 1. MAC on Fixed-free Beam Mode Shapes (DOF=10) . . Page 22 2. MAC on Fixed-free Beam Mode Shapes (DOF=100) . 3. MAC on Free-free Beam Mode Shapes (DOF =10) 4. MAC on Free...

  14. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2006 Jim Project GREEEN Michigan State Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple sites: www.ams.usda.gov/marketnews.htm www.bhfm.com NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity

  15. ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE CO

    E-print Network

    Groppi, Christopher

    ADIOS ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE CO NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY TABLES ADIOS - ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE COMPUTER TABLE FOR CONTENTS Page I Module and Apple Card (Photograph) Figure 3 Complete Apple/ADIOS System (Photograph) Figure 4 Analog

  16. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2008 Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple Shippers MSU Extension MSU AgBioResearch Current pricing information can be obtained at the following web sites: http://www.bhfm.com/ NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple

  17. Introduction to Apple Mail with IMAP Version 4 October 2008

    E-print Network

    Gabrieli, John

    Introduction to Apple Mail with IMAP Version 4 October 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology #12;Apple Mail Quick Start Guide Page 2 Getting Started This Quick Start class assumes that: 1. Apple Mail is configured for use at MIT. If you need help with configuration please see Apple Mail at MIT

  18. Apple Defect Segmentation by Artificial Neural Networks Devrim Unay a

    E-print Network

    Dupont, Stphane

    Apple Defect Segmentation by Artificial Neural Networks Devrim Unay a Bernard Gosselin a a TCTS Lab-colored apple fruits performed by several artificial neural networks. Pixel-wise classification approach apple defects. 1 Introduction Quality of apple fruits depends on size, color, shape and presence

  19. SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 1 August 25, 2010

    E-print Network

    SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 1 August 25, 2010 Bill Shane, Diane Brown-Rytlewski, and Mark Longstroth Michigan State University This is the first of weekly apple maturity report for SW. See the Michigan State University apple web site (apples.msu.edu) for more information, including

  20. agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report

    E-print Network

    1 agbioresearch.msu.edu MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports - 2005 Jim Project GREEEN Michigan State Horticulture Society Michigan Apple Research Committee Michigan apple sites: www.ams.usda.gov/marketnews.htm www.bhfm.com NW Michigan Pome Fruit Code-a-phone/Apple Maturity

  1. Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15

    E-print Network

    Douches, David S.

    Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15 Following are the 2014/15 priorities of the Michigan Apple Committee. (In priority order.) 1. Increase demand To conduct consumer related research that will help sell Michigan Apples more profitably. a. Market research b. Value convenience, apples versus

  2. MAC protocol based on T-MAC multi-hop reservation for short-latency wireless sensor network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ji-Jun Zhao; Xiang Sun

    2008-01-01

    According to the problem of long latency which caused by periodical sleep of the MAC protocol for existing competitive neural network, the paper proposes a short-latency MAC protocol based on TMAC multi-hop reservation, called MR-MAC. The protocol books some nodes in the whole communication link to decrease or eliminate the problem of long latency which caused by the periodical sleep

  3. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432 previously: o Select Tools-> Accounts #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac of "E-mail account". #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS

  4. GENETIC FINGERPRINTING OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS ISOLATED FROM HOSPITAL PATIENTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    A particularly pathogenic group of mycobacteria belong to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), which includes M. avium and M. intracellulare. MAC organisms cause disease in children, the elderly, and immuno-compromised individuals. A critical step in preventing MAC infections...

  5. 42 CFR 423.2110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 423.2110 Section 423...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2110 MAC reviews on its own...

  6. 42 CFR 423.2110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 423.2110 Section 423...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2110 MAC reviews on its own...

  7. 42 CFR 423.2110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 423.2110 Section 423...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2110 MAC reviews on its own...

  8. 42 CFR 423.2110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 423.2110 Section 423...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2110 MAC reviews on its own...

  9. 42 CFR 423.2110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 423.2110 Section 423...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2110 MAC reviews on its own...

  10. Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop

    E-print Network

    Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop maturity. Flesh firmness, as measured with a pressure gauge, determines how long apples can adequate firmness for fresh market or processing uses. A second common assay for apple maturity

  11. DDH-MAC: A novel Dynamic De-Centralized Hybrid MAC protocol for Cognitive Radio Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Munam A. Shah; Ghazanfar A. Safdar; Carsten Maple

    2011-01-01

    The radio spectrum (3kHz - 300GHz) has become saturated and proven to be insufficient to address the proliferation of new wireless applications. Cognitive Radio Technology which is an opportunistic network and is equipped with fully programmable wireless devices that empowers the network by OODA cycle and then make intelligent decisions by adapting their MAC and physical layer characteristics such as

  12. FreeMAC: framework for multi-channel mac development on 802.11 hardware

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashish Sharma; Elizabeth M. Belding

    2008-01-01

    Exponential growth in the number of wireless devices that operate in the limited unlicensed frequency spectrum necessitates the next generation of radio devices to be reconfigurable and sensitive to changes in network conditions and spectrum availability. Most modern wireless devices offer increased software programmability and control over radio communication parameters. Since a large portion of the MAC protocol is implemented

  13. MacArthur Foundation Prize Fellows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Four of the 19 persons selected as prize fellows by the John D. and Catherine MacArthur Foundation specialize in the earth, ocean, or space sciences. The four are John P. Holdren, Robert W. Kates, Paul G. Richards, and Joseph H. Taylor.The awards, ranging from $24,000 to $60,000 annually for 5 years, are unrestricted; the recipients may pursue any field of endeavor and are not required to publish a paper or to meet similar requirements. The exact amount of the award is dependent on the recipient's age; older prize fellows receive larger awards than do younger ones.

  14. Klessen & Mac Low: Chamonix, 01.06.2007 Challenges in star andChallenges in star and

    E-print Network

    Klessen,Ralf

    Klessen & Mac Low: Chamonix, 01.06.2007 Challenges in star andChallenges in star and planet formationplanet formation RalfRalf KlessenKlessen Zentrum fr Astronomie Heidelberg MordecaiMordecai Mac LowMac-MarkMordecai-Mark Mac LowMac Low American Museum of Natural History ZAH/ITA & MPIA Heidelberg #12;Klessen & Mac Low

  15. A MAC Protocol for Cooperative MIMO Transmissions in Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Sikdar, Biplab

    the channel capacity and reduce transmission energy in wireless fading channels. Sensor nodes using MIMO performance and channel capacity are also analyzed. We show that the proposed cooperative MIMO MAC protocol1 A MAC Protocol for Cooperative MIMO Transmissions in Sensor Networks Haiming Yang, Hsin-Yi Shen

  16. A Threshold Based MAC Protocol for Cooperative MIMO Transmissions

    E-print Network

    Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

    A Threshold Based MAC Protocol for Cooperative MIMO Transmissions Haiming Yang, Hsin-Yi Shen Multi Input Multi Output (MIMO) transmissions in distributed wireless systems. The protocol uses as well as fixed group size cooperative MIMO MAC protocols. I. INTRODUCTION MIMO techniques achieve

  17. Staff MAC Wireless Setup Guide Page 1 of 3

    E-print Network

    Staff MAC Wireless Setup Guide Page 1 of 3 Last updated: August 2012 Curtin IT Services IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR CURTIN WIRELESS ACCESS - STAFF / MAC - Information required for connection to the Curtin Wireless network: Wireless network names There are two wireless networks operating at Curtin

  18. The Security of MacGuffin David A. Wagner

    E-print Network

    Wagner, David

    ; Table 1. Statistical tests on DES and MacGuffin Test Rounds to pass Comments DES MacGuffin avalanche 6 14 strict avalanche 6 13 consistent with above test up to limits of statistical significance key reduced round variants of the two block ciphers with a variety of standard statistical tests. Table 1

  19. A SURVEY OF MAC PROTOCOLS FOR SENSOR NETWORKS

    E-print Network

    Scheuermann, Peter

    Chapter 5 A SURVEY OF MAC PROTOCOLS FOR SENSOR NETWORKS Piyush Naik and Krishna M. Sivalingam Dept. These include the Sift protocol, the T-MAC protocol and other protocols. The second set of protocols are based in the recent past as described in previous chapters in this book. Though the initial impetus came from military

  20. CROMA -A SLOTTED MAC PROTOCOL FOR MANETS WITH MULTISLOT COMMUNICATIONS

    E-print Network

    Coupechoux, Marceau

    CROMA - A SLOTTED MAC PROTOCOL FOR MANETS WITH MULTISLOT COMMUNICATIONS M. Coupechoux , B. Baynat networks, called CRO- MA (Collision-free Receiver-Oriented MAC). It operates in a slot- ted environment, in a dynamic and distributed way. In this proto- col, receivers act as local base stations on a given slot

  1. REGIONAL ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX(MAC)

    EPA Science Inventory

    There is accumulating evidence that potable water is a source of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). The linkage of mycobacteriosis to drinking water has been shown in AIDS populations where up to 8% of deaths in this group is attributed to MAC. Infection with these organisms ha...

  2. DEGREE PROGRAMME IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION IMPLEMENTATION OF ADAPTIVE MAC FOR

    E-print Network

    DEGREE PROGRAMME IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION IMPLEMENTATION OF ADAPTIVE MAC FOR COGNITIVE RADIO. (2012) Implementation of an Adaptive MAC Protocol for Cognitive Radio Testbed. University of Oulu, Department of Communication Engineering. Master's Thesis, 53p. ABSTRACT The aim of this thesis was to design

  3. Duality and Capacity Region of AF Relay MAC and BC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Syed Ali Jafar; Krishna Srikanth Gomadam

    2006-01-01

    We consider multi-hop multiple access (MAC) and broadcast channels (BC) where commu- nication takes place with the assistance of relays that amplify and forward (AF) their received signals. For a two hop parallel AF relay MAC, assuming a sum power constraint across all relays we characterize optimal relay amplification factors and the resulting capacity regions. We find the sum rate

  4. Adaptive MAC Scheduling Using Channel State Diversity for Wireless Networks

    E-print Network

    Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

    Adaptive MAC Scheduling Using Channel State Diversity for Wireless Networks Jian Zhang Yuanzhu scheduling in the current IEEE802.11 MAC causes this problem when the network is highly loaded. One solution is to increase the RTS success rate by extending the RTS frame to MRTS (multicast RTS), so that multiple

  5. Vulnerabilities of Cognitive Radio MAC Protocols and Countermeasures

    E-print Network

    Lazos, Loukas

    radio networks, MAC, misbe- havior, jamming, denial-of-service. I. INTRODUCTION With the proliferationVulnerabilities of Cognitive Radio MAC Protocols and Countermeasures Yan Zhang and Loukas Lazos@email.arizona.edu, llazos@ece.arizona.edu Abstract--Cognitive Radio (CR) is a promising technology for opportunistically

  6. Grant MacEwan--Western Canada's Ongoing Legend.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilgour, David

    1998-01-01

    Relates the story of the life of Grant MacEwan, an institution in the Canadian West. Describes his professional career, contributions to Canadian history, published works, and unique religious views. Claims that MacEwan is to Western Canada what Robert Burns is to Scotland. (DSK)

  7. Saunders Mac Lane 1909-2005 Meeting a Grand Leader

    E-print Network

    Tholen, Walter

    Saunders Mac Lane 1909-2005 Meeting a Grand Leader Walter Tholen Preamble It was in August of 2000 at the Category Theory meeting in Como, Italy, when I saw Saunders Mac Lane for the last time. The ambulance turned in front of the conference site, the stately Villa Olmo at the lake shore, and Saunders, who had

  8. Degradation of parathion methyl on field-sprayed apples and stored apples.

    PubMed

    Pappas, C J; Kyriakidis, N B; Athanasopoulos, P E

    1999-01-01

    Residue levels of parathion methyl on field-sprayed Granny-Smith apples were studied. The pesticide was applied according to producer recommendations. Apples received a single spraying at a rate of 40 g active ingredient/100 L. Residues were determined with a simple gas chromatographic method. Recovery of parathion methyl was 88-108%, and the limit of determination was 0.002 mg/kg. Decomposition of parathion methyl was studied in apples remaining on trees after spraying and in apples harvested and stored under ambient-temperature, refrigerated-room, and controlled-atmosphere conditions. During post harvest storage, parathion methyl degrades more slowly than on apples remaining on the trees. Best-fit curves were determined, and kinetic equations, rate constants, and half-lives were calculated. Half-lives found were 8 days for apples on trees, 45 days for apples stored at ambient conditions, 68 days for apples stored in controlled-atmosphere room, and 62 days for apples stored in a refrigerated room. Under storage conditions, levels of parathion methyl residues need a long time to become lower than the legal limit (0.2 mg/kg). PMID:10191541

  9. A Sensing Error Aware MAC Protocol for Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-print Network

    Hu, Donglin

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive radios (CR) are intelligent radio devices that can sense the radio environment and adapt to changes in the radio environment. Spectrum sensing and spectrum access are the two key CR functions. In this paper, we present a spectrum sensing error aware MAC protocol for a CR network collocated with multiple primary networks. We explicitly consider both types of sensing errors in the CR MAC design, since such errors are inevitable for practical spectrum sensors and more important, such errors could have significant impact on the performance of the CR MAC protocol. Two spectrum sensing polices are presented, with which secondary users collaboratively sense the licensed channels. The sensing policies are then incorporated into p-Persistent CSMA to coordinate opportunistic spectrum access for CR network users. We present an analysis of the interference and throughput performance of the proposed CR MAC, and find the analysis highly accurate in our simulation studies. The proposed sensing error aware CR MAC p...

  10. CIAO? ADiOS!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korn, Andreas

    At the New Horizons in Globular Cluster Astronomy conference (Padova, June 2002), two members of the VLT globular cluster team presented different views on the importance of heavy-element sedimentation in Population II stars: ``The lack of evidence for depletion of Fe and Li in the atmospheres of globular cluster subgiants led some people to suspect that, for unknown reasons, Population II stars are not affected by this mechanism.'' \\citep{Castellani_2003} and ``There should be some mechanism that prevents sedimentation.'' \\citep{Gratton_2003}. In this review, I will argue that the scepticism behind both these statements is justified. We recently revisited the results on sedimentation in NGC 6397 stars presented by {\\citet{Gratton_etal_2001}} using higher-quality VLT/FLAMES-UVES data \\citep{Korn_etal_2006,Korn_etal_2007}. Element-specific abundance trends were identified which agree with atomic-diffusion predictions, if turbulent mixing below the convective envelope is accounted for in a parametrized way. Have we thus detected signatures of Atomic Diffusion in Old Stars (ADiOS)? Or are these trends mere artefacts of Conspiring Inaccuracies in Abundance Observations (CIAO)?

  11. EE-MAC: Energy Efficient Sensor MAC layer Protocol Afraa Attiah, Mustafa Ilhan Akbas, Mainak Chatterjee, Damla Turgut

    E-print Network

    Turgut, Damla

    , there are no such restrictions for the sleep time. Thus, the duty cycle defined as the ratio of listen interval to frame duration-duty-cycle and hence low energy consumption through optimized sleep intervals while transitioning between sleep the well-known MAC protocol S-MAC [2], where nodes sleep in a periodic manner to reduce energy consumption

  12. Manipulating the electron distribution through a combination of electron injection and MacKenzies Maxwell Demon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yip, Chi-Shung; Hershkowitz, Noah

    2015-06-01

    Experiments on electron heating are performed in a biased hot filament-produced argon plasma. Electrons are confined by multi-dipole magnetic fields on the radial wall of the cylindrical chamber but not the planar end walls. Electron heating is provided by a combination of cold electron injection (Hershowitz N and Leung K N 1975 Appl. Phys. Lett. 26 607) and a MacKenzie Maxwell Demon (Mackenzie K R et al 1971 Appl. Phys. Lett. 18 529). This approach allows the manipulation of the electrons by introducing a depleted tail into the electron energy distribution function or by removing a depleted tail. It is found that the injected electrons mimic and thermalize with the electron species with the closest average energy or temperature. The effect of the injected electrons is optimal when they mimic the secondary electrons emitted from the wall instead of the degraded primary electrons. Both approaches combine to achieve increases in electron temperature Te from 0.67 to 2.8?eV, which was not significantly higher than using each approach alone.

  13. Metasedimentary Rocks at the Apple Creek Formation

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS scientist Art Bookstrom looks at puzzling sedimentary structures in metasedimentary rocks of the Apple Creek Formation, near the Jackass prospect, near Iron Creek, in the southeastern part of the Idaho cobalt belt, in east-central Idaho....

  14. Ergonomic evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard

    SciTech Connect

    Tittiranonda, P.; Burastero, S.; Shih, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Rempel, D. [University of California Berkeley/San Francisco (United States). Ergonomics Laboratory

    1994-05-01

    This study presents an evaluation of the Apple Adjustable Keyboard based on subjective preference and observed joint angles during typing. Thirty five keyboard users were asked to use the Apple adjustable keyboard for 7--14 days and rate the various characteristics of the keyboard. Our findings suggest that the most preferred opening angles range from 11--20{degree}. The mean ulnar deviation on the Apple Adjustable keyboard is 11{degree}, compared to 16{degree} on the standard keyboard. The mean extension was decreased from 24{degree} to 16{degree} when using the adjustable keyboard. When asked to subjectively rate the adjustable keyboard in comparison to the standard, the average subject felt that the Apple Adjustable Keyboard was more comfortable and easier to use than the standard flat keyboard.

  15. Production of apple snail for space diet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, Masamichi; Motoki, Shigeru; Space Agriculture Task Force, J.; Katayama, Naomi

    For food production in space at recycling bio-elements under closed environment, appropriate organisms should be chosen to drive the closed materials recycle loop. We propose a combination of green algae, photosynthetic protozoa, and aquatic plants such as Wolffia spp., for the primary producer fixing solar energy to chemical form in biomass, and apple snail, Pomacea bridgesii, which converts this biomass to animal meat. Because of high proliferation rate of green algae or protozoa compared to higher plants, and direct conversion of them to apple snail, the efficiency of food production in this combination is high, in terms of energy usage, space for rearing, and yield of edible biomass. Furthermore, green algae and apple snail can form a closed ecological system with exchanging bio-elements between two member, i.e. excreta of snail turn to fertilizer of algae, and grown algae become feed for snail. Since apple snail stays in water or on wet substrate, control of rearing is easy to make. Mass production technology of apple snail has been well established to utilize it as human food. Nutrients of apple snail are also listed in the standard tables of food composition in Japan. Nutrients for 100 g of apple snail canned in brine are energy 340 kJ, protein 16.5 g, lipid 1.0 g, cholesterol 240 mg, carbohydrate 0.8 g, Ca 400 mg, Fe 3.9 mg, Zn 1.5 mg. It is rich in minerals, especially Ca and Fe. Vitamin contents are quite low, but K 0.005 mg, B2 0.09 mg, B12 0.0006 mg, folate 0.001 mg, and E 0.6 mg. The amino acid score of apple snail could not be found in literature. Overall, apple snail provides rich protein and animal lipid such as cholesterol. It could be a good source of minerals. However, it does not give enough vitamin D and B12 , which are supposed to be supplemented by animal origin foods. In terms of acceptance in food culture, escargot is a gourmet menu in French dishes, and six to ten snail, roughly 50 g, are served for one person. Apple snail reaches to 30 g of body weight within two or three month from its egg. Several hundreds of egg are laid by one snail. It start egg laying after three months from hatching. In order to harvest 50 g for every day's meal, 3 m2 is required for rearing space. Eating apple snail and establishing its rearing system might save the food crisis on Earth.

  16. Repeated anaphylactic episodes to orange and apple.

    PubMed

    Tsiougkos, N; Vovolis, V

    2013-05-01

    This study reports an unusual case of repeated anaphylactic episodes to orange and apple without clinical evidence of primary sensitization to peach LTP. In vitro and in vivo tests revealed heat stability of the implicated allergens and also provided new evidence of differences in allergenicity among apple varieties and strong cross reactivity of citrus fruits. "Prick-to-prick" method with fresh fruits proved to be a quick and advantageous tool in investigating allergy to fresh fruits. PMID:23862403

  17. Microsoft vs. Apple: Tech-support showdown

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lake, Matt.

    Yet one more installment in the Microsoft versus Apple debate, this article by CNet reviews the two biggies in terms of tech support, giving report cards on standard documentation, online help, and phone support. The results? Both companies get a "B" overall, with Microsoft proving better for customers with more advanced or complex queries and Apple better for those who have more basic questions when they first receive a product.

  18. Middle Atmosphere Cooperation/Summer in Northern Europe (MAC/SINE) and MAC/Epsilon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thrane, E. V.

    1989-01-01

    Two major international campaigns dedicated to the study of middle atmosphere dynamics in high latitudes were successfully completed in 1987. MAC/SINE (Middle Atmosphere Cooperation/Summer in Northern Europe) was carried out during the period 7 June to 19 July, whereas MAC/Epsilon took place in the period 12 October to 15 November. In both campaigns a large number of ground based and rocket techniques were used in a concerted effort to map the dynamical structure of the middle atmosphere over Northern Europe. Although the analysis of the observations has only just started, it is clear that a large and unique data set was obtained, which is believed will provide new insight into the dynamical processes in this interesting region of the atmosphere. A brief overview of the campaigns, their scientific aims, organization and structure is presented.

  19. Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105 - A new 'FAN' of lunar petrology. [ferroan anorthosite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neal, Clive R.; Taylor, Lawrence A.; Lui, Yun-Gang; Schmitt, Roman A.

    1991-01-01

    To determine the chemical characteristics of the MAC88104/5 meteorite six thin sections and three bulk samples were analyzed by electron microprobe and instrumental neutron activation. It is concluded that this meteorite is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts of basaltic origin. It is suggested that one of these basaltic clasts, clast E, is mesostasis material, and clast G is similar to the very low-Ti or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105, 69, and 72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite.

  20. Methionine Metabolism in Apple Tissue

    PubMed Central

    Adams, Douglas O.; Yang, Shang Fa

    1977-01-01

    If S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) is the direct precursor of ethylene as previously proposed, it is expected that 5?-S-methyl-5?-thioadenosine (MTA) would be the fragment nucleoside. When [Me-14C] or [35S]methionine was fed to climacteric apple (Malus sylvestris Mill) tissue, radioactive 5-S-methyl-5-thioribose (MTR) was identified as the predominant product and MTA as a minor one. When the conversion of methionine into ethylene was inhibited by l-2-amino-4-(2?-aminoethoxy)-trans-3-butenoic acid, the conversion of [35S] or [Me14C]methionine into MTR was similarly inhibited. Furthermore, the formation of MTA and MTR from [35S]methionine was observed only in climacteric tissue which produced ethylene and actively converted methionine to ethylene but not in preclimacteric tissue which did not produce ethylene or convert methionine to ethylene. These observations suggest that the conversion of methionine into MTA and MTR is closely related to ethylene biosynthesis and provide indirect evidence that SAM may be an intermediate in the conversion of methionine to ethylene. When [35S]MTA was fed to climacteric or preclimacteric apple tissue, radioactivity was efficiently incorporated into MTR and methionine. However, when [35S]MTR was administered, radioactivity was efficiently incorporated into methionine but not MTA. This suggests that the sulfur of MTA is incorporated into methionine via MTR. A dual label experiment with [35S, Me-3H]MTA indicates that the CH3S group of MTA was transferred as a unit to form methionine. A scheme is presented for the production of ethylene from methionine, the first step being the activation of methionine by ATP to give SAM. SAM is fragmented to give ethylene, MTA, and other products. MTA is then hydrolyzed to MTR which donates its methylthio group to a four-carbon acceptor to reform methionine. PMID:16660208

  1. A ferroan region of the lunar highlands as recorded in meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105

    SciTech Connect

    Jolliff, B.L.; Korotev, R.L.; Haskin, L.A. (Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States))

    1991-11-01

    MacAlpine Hills 88104 and 88105 (MAC88104/5) are paired meteorites of noritic anorthosite composition from the lunar highlands. MAC88105 is a breccia composed mainly of melt-breccia clasts in a fine-grained, fragmental, and partly glassy matrix. The most abundant melt lithologies are feldspathic and are similar in composition to the bulk meteorite. Other melt lithologies include feldspathic melt rocks, mafic melt breccias, and a rare melt breccia relatively enriched in incompatible trace elements. Subordinate lithic clasts are granulitic breccias and ferroan (relatively low Mg/(Mg + Fe)) igneous lithologies, including troctolitic anorthosite, anorthositic norite, gabbronorite, and anorthosite. Igneous clasts having mafic mineral compositions more magnesian than Fo{sub 55} and En{sub 60} were not observed. Rare fragments of glass spheres and shards as well as glass clasts indicate that the meteorite was derived from an immature regolith. The bulk composition of MAC88105 is characterized by a molar Mg/(Mg + Fe) ratio of 0.62, at the extreme low end of the range for meteorites from the lunar highlands. Its low concentrations of incompatible trace elements and feldspathic bulk composition (29% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), suggests that it, like the other lunar meteorites, formed at a site far removed from the areas sampled by the Apollo missions. Similarities in mineral compositions among the different lithologies of the breccia and the distribution of mineral fragments suggest that most components of the meteorite were derived from a crustal section dominated by material with a noritic anorthosite composition and an affinity of the ferroan suite of plutonic rocks.

  2. The Mpi-M Aerosol Climatology (MAC)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinne, S.

    2014-12-01

    Monthly gridded global data-sets for aerosol optical properties (AOD, SSA and g) and for aerosol microphysical properties (CCN and IN) offer a (less complex) alternate path to include aerosol radiative effects and aerosol impacts on cloud-microphysics in global simulations. Based on merging AERONET sun-/sky-photometer data onto background maps provided by AeroCom phase 1 modeling output and AERONET sun-/the MPI-M Aerosol Climatology (MAC) version 1 was developed and applied in IPCC simulations with ECHAM and as ancillary data-set in satellite-based global data-sets. An updated version 2 of this climatology will be presented now applying central values from the more recent AeroCom phase 2 modeling and utilizing the better global coverage of trusted sun-photometer data - including statistics from the Marine Aerosol network (MAN). Applications include spatial distributions of estimates for aerosol direct and aerosol indirect radiative effects.

  3. -MAC: An Energy-Efficient Medium Access Control for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Roedig, Utz

    -MAC: An Energy-Efficient Medium Access Control for Wireless Sensor Networks Andre Barroso, Utz networks, energy efficient MAC protocols are neces- sary. The transceiver of a sensor node should only specifications can be used to improve the energy properties of a MAC protocol. A new proto- col, named £ -MAC

  4. Delay-Bounded MAC with Minimal Idle Listening for Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Qiao, Daji

    Delay-Bounded MAC with Minimal Idle Listening for Sensor Networks Yang Peng, Zi Li, Daji Qiao--This paper presents a new receiver-initiated sensor network MAC protocol, called CyMAC, which has to the varying traffic condition. More importantly, CyMAC achieves the above goals without requiring time

  5. MAC for ad-hoc inter-vehicle network: services and performance

    E-print Network

    Borgonovo, Flaminio

    MAC for ad-hoc inter-vehicle network: services and performance Flaminio Borgonovo+, Luca Campelli-- In this paper we analyze the performance of AD- HOC MAC, a new MAC protocol proposed within CarTALK200. ADHOC MAC has been devised to provide a reliable single hop broadcast channel overcoming the hidden

  6. f-MAC: A Deterministic Media Access Control Protocol Without Time Synchronization

    E-print Network

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    f-MAC: A Deterministic Media Access Control Protocol Without Time Synchronization Utz Roedig, Andre network transmit messages through a shared medium. Thus, a Media Access Control (MAC) protocol is neces a deterministic MAC protocol which can give guarantees on message delay and channel throughput. Schedule based MAC

  7. A hybrid MAC protocol for emergency response wireless sensor Lanny Sitanayah a,

    E-print Network

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    A hybrid MAC protocol for emergency response wireless sensor networks Lanny Sitanayah a, , Cormac J in revised form 22 March 2014 Accepted 28 March 2014 Available online xxxx Keywords: MAC protocol Wireless sensor networks Fire emergency a b s t r a c t We introduce ER-MAC, a novel hybrid MAC protocol

  8. Handling Deafness Problem of Scheduled Multi-Channel Polling MACs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Fulong; Liu, Hao; Shi, Longxing

    Combining scheduled channel polling with channel diversity is a promising way for a MAC protocol to achieve high energy efficiency and performance under both light and heavy traffic conditions. However, the deafness problem may cancel out the benefit of channel diversity. In this paper, we first investigate the deafness problem of scheduled multi-channel polling MACs with experiments. Then we propose and evaluate two schemes to handle the deafness problem. Our experiment shows that deafness is a significant reason for performance degradation in scheduled multi-channel polling MACs. A proper scheme should be chosen depending on the traffic pattern and the design objective.

  9. Cooperative Energy Harvesting-Adaptive MAC Protocol for WBANs.

    PubMed

    Esteves, Volker; Antonopoulos, Angelos; Kartsakli, Elli; Puig-Vidal, Manel; Miribel-Catal, Pere; Verikoukis, Christos

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a cooperative medium access control (MAC) protocol, named cooperative energy harvesting (CEH)-MAC, that adapts its operation to the energy harvesting (EH) conditions in wireless body area networks (WBANs). In particular, the proposed protocol exploits the EH information in order to set an idle time that allows the relay nodes to charge their batteries and complete the cooperation phase successfully. Extensive simulations have shown that CEH-MAC significantly improves the network performance in terms of throughput, delay and energy efficiency compared to the cooperative operation of the baseline IEEE 802.15.6 standard. PMID:26029950

  10. PAD-MAC: primary user activity-aware distributed MAC for multi-channel cognitive radio networks.

    PubMed

    Ali, Amjad; Piran, Md Jalil; Kim, Hansoo; Yun, Jihyeok; Suh, Doug Young

    2015-01-01

    Cognitive radio (CR) has emerged as a promising technology to solve problems related to spectrum scarcity and provides a ubiquitous wireless access environment. CR-enabled secondary users (SUs) exploit spectrum white spaces opportunistically and immediately vacate the acquired licensed channels as primary users (PUs) arrive. Accessing the licensed channels without the prior knowledge of PU traffic patterns causes severe throughput degradation due to excessive channel switching and PU-to-SU collisions. Therefore, it is significantly important to design a PU activity-aware medium access control (MAC) protocol for cognitive radio networks (CRNs). In this paper, we first propose a licensed channel usage pattern identification scheme, based on a two-state Markov model, and then estimate the future idle slots using previous observations of the channels. Furthermore, based on these past observations, we compute the rank of each available licensed channel that gives SU transmission success assessment during the estimated idle slot. Secondly, we propose a PU activity-aware distributed MAC (PAD-MAC) protocol for heterogeneous multi-channel CRNs that selects the best channel for each SU to enhance its throughput. PAD-MAC controls SU activities by allowing them to exploit the licensed channels only for the duration of estimated idle slots and enables predictive and fast channel switching. To evaluate the performance of the proposed PAD-MAC, we compare it with the distributed QoS-aware MAC (QC-MAC) and listen-before-talk MAC schemes. Extensive numerical results show the significant improvements of the PAD-MAC in terms of the SU throughput, SU channel switching rate and PU-to-SU collision rate. PMID:25831084

  11. Could an Apple a Day Help Keep the Pharmacist Away?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... news/fullstory_151749.html Could an Apple a Day Help Keep the Pharmacist Away? Study finds no ... MONDAY, March 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Munching each day on a McIntosh, Granny Smith or other apple ...

  12. Production of fuels and chemicals from apple pomace

    SciTech Connect

    Hang, Y.D.

    1987-03-01

    Nearly 36 million tons of apples are produced annually in the US. Approximately 45% of the total US apple production is used for processing purposes. The primary by-product of apple processing is apple pomace. It consists of the presscake resulting from pressing apples for juice or cider, including the presscake obtained in pressing peel and core wastes generated in the manufacture of apple sauce or slices. More than 500 food processing plants in the US produce a total of about 1.3 million metric tons of apple pomace each year, and it is likely that annual disposal fees exceed $10 million. Apple pomace has the potential to be used for the production of fuels (ethanol and biogas containing 60% methane) and food-grade chemicals. These uses will be reviewed in this article.

  13. Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope System Theory of Operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephan, George R.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this learning module is to enable learners to describe how the Goldstone-Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) system functions in support of Apple Valley Science and Technology Center's (AVSTC) client schools' radio astronomy activities.

  14. the Mac for Peace Society presents PeaceWeekMcMaster 2012

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    the Mac for Peace Society presents Mac PeaceWeekMcMaster 2012 MONDAY September 24 Mac Peace Week Kick Off! Mac for Peace Society 11:30 a.m. 1 p.m. MUSC Atrium Music: Steve Perez Landmines on the Way to School War Child @ MAC 1 p.m. 3 p.m. Mills Plaza TUESDAY September 25 Landmines on the Way to School

  15. RMAC: A Routing-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shu Du; Amit Kumar Saha; David B. Johnson

    2007-01-01

    Duty-cycle MAC protocols have been proposed to meet the demanding energy requirements of wireless sensor networks. Although existing duty-cycle MAC protocols such as S-MAC are power efficient, they introduce significant end-to-end delivery latency and provide poor traffic contention handling. In this paper, we present a new duty-cycle MAC protocol, called RMAC (the Routing enhanced MAC protocol), that exploits cross- layer

  16. Packetized voice transmission using RT-MAC, a wireless real-time medium access control protocol

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rusty O. Baldwin; Nathaniel J. Davis IV; Scott F. Midkiff; Richard A. Raines

    2001-01-01

    RT-MAC is a simple, elegant, and robust medium access control (MAC) protocol for use in transmitting real-time data in point-to-point ad hoc wireless local area networks (WLANs). Our enhancement of IEEE 802.11, real-time MAC (RT-MAC), dramatically reduces missed deadlines and packet collisions while increasing throughput by selectively discarding packets and sharing station state information. For example, RT-MAC is able to

  17. Cisgenic apple trees; development, characterization, and performance

    PubMed Central

    Krens, Frans A.; Schaart, Jan G.; van der Burgh, Aranka M.; Tinnenbroek-Capel, Iris E. M.; Groenwold, Remmelt; Kodde, Linda P.; Broggini, Giovanni A. L.; Gessler, Cesare; Schouten, Henk J.

    2015-01-01

    Two methods were developed for the generation of cisgenic apples. Both have been successfully applied producing trees. The first method avoids the use of any foreign selectable marker genes; only the gene-of-interest is integrated between the T-DNA border sequences. The second method makes use of recombinase-based marker excision. For the first method we used the MdMYB10 gene from a red-fleshed apple coding for a transcription factor involved in regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis. Red plantlets were obtained and presence of the cisgene was confirmed. Plantlets were grafted and grown in a greenhouse. After 3 years, the first flowers appeared, showing red petals. Pollination led to production of red-fleshed cisgenic apples. The second method used the pM(arker)F(ree) vector system, introducing the scab resistance gene Rvi6, derived from apple. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, followed by selection on kanamycin, produced genetically modified apple lines. Next, leaves from in vitro material were treated to activate the recombinase leading to excision of selection genes. Subsequently, the leaf explants were subjected to negative selection for marker-free plantlets by inducing regeneration on medium containing 5-fluorocytosine. After verification of the marker-free nature, the obtained plants were grafted onto rootstocks. Young trees from four cisgenic lines and one intragenic line, all containing Rvi6, were planted in an orchard. Appropriate controls were incorporated in this trial. We scored scab incidence for three consecutive years on leaves after inoculations with Rvi6-avirulent strains. One cisgenic line and the intragenic line performed as well as the resistant control. In 2014 trees started to overcome their juvenile character and formed flowers and fruits. The first results of scoring scab symptoms on apple fruits were obtained. Apple fruits from susceptible controls showed scab symptoms, while fruits from cisgenic and intragenic lines were free of scab. PMID:25964793

  18. The power of lightness. Apple iPad Price List

    E-print Network

    iPad Air The power of lightness. Apple iPad Price List 6/11/14 unh computer store university of new with iPad (4th generation). 2 Battery life varies by use and configuration. See www.apple with Wi-Fi + Cellular 16GB 32GB 64GB 128GB $629 $729 $829 $929 AppleCare+ for iPad AppleCare+ provides 2

  19. Thomas MacLaren Collection of Architectural Drawings

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Thomas MacLaren wandered around England, Italy, Scotland, Switzerland, and other far-flung provinces between 1880 and 1891. MacLaren received his formal education at the Royal Academy of London and then moved to Colorado, where he designed dozens of recognizable buildings. After he passed away in 1928, he left his estate to the University of Colorado in the hope that it would lead to the establishment of an architecture department. This came to pass, and along with it came this wonderful digital collection of MacLaren's drawings. Visitors to the site can look over 220 drawings executed by MacLaren, including renderings of abbey farm houses in England and the gorgeous campanile at St. Mark's Basilica. The images are large and high-quality, which makes examining them a treat for architecture students, art aficionados, and the more generally curious.

  20. Energy Considerations for Topology-Unaware TDMA MAC Protocols

    E-print Network

    Stavrakakis, Ioannis

    Energy Considerations for Topology-Unaware TDMA MAC Protocols Konstantinos Oikonomou a,, Ioannis, Athens, Greece bUniversity of Athens, Department of Informatics & Telecommunications, Panepistimiopolis, Ilissia, 157 84, Athens, Greece Abstract Since the energy budget of mobile nodes is limited

  1. Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Budinger, James M.; Hall, Edward

    2011-01-01

    To help increase the capacity and efficiency of the nation s airports, a secure wideband wireless communications system is proposed for use on the airport surface. This paper provides an overview of the research and development process for the Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS). AeroMACS is based on a specific commercial profile of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.16 standard known as Wireless Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access or WiMAX (WiMax Forum). The paper includes background on the need for global interoperability in air/ground data communications, describes potential AeroMACS applications, addresses allocated frequency spectrum constraints, summarizes the international standardization process, and provides findings and recommendations from the world s first AeroMACS prototype implemented in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

  2. 12 CFR 615.5174 - Farmer Mac securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...capital and earnings. (d) Stress Test. You must perform stress tests on mortgage securities that are issued or guaranteed by Farmer...5141(b) and (c). If a Farmer Mac security fails a stress test, you must divest it as required...

  3. 12 CFR 615.5174 - Farmer Mac securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...capital and earnings. (d) Stress Test. You must perform stress tests on mortgage securities that are issued or guaranteed by Farmer...5141(b) and (c). If a Farmer Mac security fails a stress test, you must divest it as required...

  4. 12 CFR 615.5174 - Farmer Mac securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...capital and earnings. (d) Stress Test. You must perform stress tests on mortgage securities that are issued or guaranteed by Farmer...5141(b) and (c). If a Farmer Mac security fails a stress test, you must divest it as required...

  5. Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) For MACs you cannot directly insert You Tube videos into PowerPoint. First you must convert the file,

    E-print Network

    Bushman, Frederic

    Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) 1 For MACs you cannot directly insert You Tube videos Tube files by using the free service Zamzar: http://www.zamzar.com You will get the following menu. Plug your You Tube URL

  6. [Substantiation of MAC of crotonaldehyde in environmental air].

    PubMed

    Tepikina, L A; Skvortsova, E L; Shipulina, Z V; Kartashova, A V; Mol'kov, Iu N; Sizova, N N

    1997-01-01

    The reflex and resorptive effects of crotonaldehyde was studied. The maximum acceptable concentration (MAC) of crotonaldehyde was established to be 0.025 mg/m3, the mean daily MAC recommended to be 0.003 mg/m3, Hazard Class 2. It was shown that nasopharyngeal mucosal morphological changes in laboratory animals might serve as significant criteria for the action of the agent having an irritant effect. PMID:9244785

  7. An Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Ye; John S. Heidemann; Deborah Estrin

    2002-01-01

    This paper proposes S-MAC, a medium-access control (MAC) protocol designed for wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks use battery-operated computing and sensing devices. A network of these devices will collaborate for a common application such as environmental monitoring. We expect sensor networks to be deployed in an ad hoc fashion, with individual nodes remaining largely inactive for long periods of

  8. Link-layer jamming attacks on S-MAC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yee Wei Law; Pieter H. Hartel; Jerry den Hartog; Paul J. M. Havinga

    2005-01-01

    We argue that among denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, link-layer jamming is a more attractive option to attackers than radio jamming is. By exploiting the semantics of the link-layer protocol (aka MAC protocol), an attacker can achieve better efficiency than blindly jamming the radio signals alone. We investigate some jamming attacks of S-MAC, what level of effectiveness and efficiency the attack can

  9. Link-layer Jamming Attacks on S-MAC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yee Wei; Law Pieter; Hartel Jerry den Hartog; Paul Havinga

    We argue that among denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, link-layer jamming is a more attractive option to attack- ers than radio jamming is. By exploiting the semantics of the link-layer protocol (aka MAC protocol), an attacker can achieve better efficiency than blindly jamming the radio sig- nals alone. In this paper, we investigate some jamming at- tacks on S-MAC, the level of

  10. Conformal holonomy in MacDowell-Mansouri gravity

    SciTech Connect

    Reid, James A., E-mail: j.a.reid@abdn.ac.uk [SUPA Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UE (United Kingdom); Wang, Charles H.-T., E-mail: c.wang@abdn.ac.uk [SUPA Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UE (United Kingdom); STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

    2014-03-15

    The MacDowell-Mansouri formulation of general relativity is based on a gauge theory whose gauge algebra depends on the sign of the cosmological constant. In this article, we show that the gauge algebra is uniquely determined by the conformal structure of spacetime itself. Specifically, we show that in vacuum: the spacetime conformal holonomy algebra coincides with the MacDowell-Mansouri gauge algebra for both signs of the cosmological constant, in both Lorentzian and Euclidean metric signatures.

  11. The vulnerability of US apple (Malus) genetic resources

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple is one of the top three U.S. fruit crops in production and value. Apple production has high costs for land, labor and inputs, and orchards are a long-term commitment. Production is dominated by only a few apple scion cultivars and rootstocks, which increases susceptibility to dynamic external ...

  12. Establishing Commercial Utility of Behavioral Control for Apple Maggot Fly

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Apple maggot fly is a key summer pest of apples throughout eastern North America, and poses an increasing threat to apple production in the Northwest. If left unchecked, the threat of AMF injury to fruit can be severe, resulting in complete loss of marketable crop. To combat AMF infestation, comme...

  13. Considerations for implementing machine vision for detecting watercore in apples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce L. Upchurch; James A. Throop

    1993-01-01

    Watercore in apples is a physiological disorder that affects the internal quality of the fruit. Growers can experience serious economic losses due to internal breakdown of the apple if watercored apples are placed unknowingly into long term storage. Economic losses can also occur if watercore is detected and the entire `lot' is downgraded; however, a gain can be obtained if

  14. Curried Pumpkin Soup with Roasted Apple and Crme Frache

    E-print Network

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    Curried Pumpkin Soup with Roasted Apple and Crme Frache Recipe courtesy of Gordon Hamersley teaspoon chili powder (optional) 3 medium apples, peeled, cored, and chopped 2 1/2 quarts chicken stock 1 apple, roasted and sliced for garnish crme frache DIRECTIONS 1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. 2

  15. Cold Acclimation Improves Regrowth of Cryopreserved Apple Shoot Tips

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Cryopreservation is important for preserving the genetic resources of apple germplasm in Kazakhstan, the center of origin for apples. In this study of five apple genotypes [Malus domestica Borkh. and Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem] we determined cold hardiness and the effect of cold acclimation o...

  16. Autonomous Fruit Picking Machine: A Robotic Apple Harvester

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Autonomous Fruit Picking Machine: A Robotic Apple Harvester Johan Baeten1 , Kevin Donne2 , Sven the construction and functionality of an Au- tonomous Fruit Picking Machine (AFPM) for robotic apple harvesting technologies to automate labour intensive work, such as e.g. apple harvest- ing [2, 10]. This paper describes

  17. MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-print Network

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  18. Mobile Device Guide Apple iPhone Devices

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Mobile Device Guide Apple iPhone Devices CSUF Date Last Revised: 1/20/11 Page 1 of 3 Connecting to the Campus via iPhone Exchange Client Applies to Apple iPhone based devices only If you are alreadyPhone desktop. 1a. Expand `Mail, Contacts, Calendars' as shown. #12;Mobile Device Guide Apple iPhone Devices

  19. Publish by Abstract RNA Extraction From Different Apple Tissues

    E-print Network

    Korban, Schuyler S.

    Publish by Abstract RNA Extraction From Different Apple Tissues Rich in Polyphenols. An efficient procedure for isolating RNA from bud, internodal shoot, flower, and fruit tissues of apple has in apple fruit and flower tissues. Isolated RNA is of high qual- ity and is undegraded as assessed

  20. Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition

    E-print Network

    Dupont, Stphane

    Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition D. Unay TCTS Labs., Facult of `Jonagold' apples by pattern recognition is proposed. The method starts with background removal and object- ment relative to the ones introduced in the literature. Key words: apple, stem, calyx, machine vision

  1. MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-print Network

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  2. Original article Nutrient leaching from soil amended with apple waste

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Original article Nutrient leaching from soil amended with apple waste Anne-Marie de COCKBORNE December 2000) Abstract Among the possibilities for disposing of overproduction of apple, land application is flexible and inexpensive. Six soil columns receiving 0, 200 or 500 Mg of apple wasteha1 were

  3. Micropropagation Rooting and weaning of apple rootstock YP

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Micropropagation Rooting and weaning of apple rootstock YP M Uosukainen Agricultural Research-23 May 1992, Dijon, France) Summary Rooting and weaning of the Finnish apple rootstock YP were arbusculaires INTRODUCTION Research on micropropagation of apple trees started > 20 yr ago (Elliot, 1972; Walkey

  4. Original article Characterisation of apple orchard management systems

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Original article Characterisation of apple orchard management systems in a French Mediterranean) Abstract The objective of our study was to characterise cropping systems in apple arboriculture in the less sensitive areas. apple orchard / on-farm survey / cultivation operation / management indicator

  5. Identifying ChIP-seq enrichment using MACS

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Jianxing; Liu, Tao; Qin, Bo; Zhang, Yong; Liu, Xiaole Shirley

    2013-01-01

    Model-based Analysis of ChIP-seq (MACS) is a computational algorithm that identifies genome-wide locations of transcription/chromatin factor binding or histone modification from ChIP-seq data. MACS consists of four steps: removing redundant reads, adjusting read position, calculating peak enrichment, and estimating the empirical false discovery rate. In this protocol, we provide a detailed demonstration of how to install MACS and how to use it to analyze three common types of ChIP-seq datasets with different characteristics: the sequence-specific transcription factor FoxA1, the histone modification mark H3K4me3 with sharp enrichment, and the H3K36me3 mark with broad enrichment. We also explain how to interpret and visualize the results of MACS analyses. The algorithm requires approximately 3 GB of RAM and 1.5 hours of computing time to analyze a ChIP-seq dataset containing 30 million reads, an estimate that increases with sequence coverage. MACS is open-source and is available from http://liulab.dfci.harvard.edu/MACS. PMID:22936215

  6. A Patterned Preamble MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joe, Inwhee

    In this paper, we propose a novel MAC protocol with the patterned preamble technique to improve performance in terms of low power, channel utilization, and delay in wireless sensor networks. B-MAC is one of typical MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks using the duty cycle in order to achieve low-power operation. Since it works in an asynchronous fashion, B-MAC employs extended preamble and preamble sampling techniques. Even if it has outstanding performance in idle state, the overhead of these techniques is very large when packets are sent and received, because there is a lot of waste in the traditional preamble method. Instead of the simple preamble, our proposed MAC solution is to introduce more intelligent preamble with some patterns consisting of 2 phases (Tx phase & Ack phase). With this concept we implement real source code working on the mica2 platform with Tinyos-1.x version. Also, the test setup is presented, and the test results demonstrate that the proposed protocol provides better performance in terms of delay compared to B-MAC.

  7. High-pressure washing treatments to remove obscure mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) and lightbrown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from harvested apples.

    PubMed

    Whiting, D C; Hoy, L E; Maindonald, J H; Connolly, P G; McDonald, R M

    1998-12-01

    Mixed life stages of obscure mealybug, Pseudococcus viburni (Signoret), and late 1st-instar or early 2nd-instar lightbrown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker), on 'Royal Gala' apples (Malus domestica Borkhausen) were exposed to standard packhouse processing with and without addition of high-pressure apple washer treatments. Insect removal and mortality were assessed. After standard packhouse processing approximately 60% of P. viburni remained on their host apples. The 2 high-pressure apple washer treatments (500 and 800 psi at 2.0 rods/s) were equally effective and significantly reduced the number of P. viburni on apples compared with the packhouse control. High-pressure apple washer removal by location decreased in the following order: calyx cavity outside the sepals > cheek approximately stem cavity > or = calyx beneath sepals. About half of the E. postvittana larvae infesting apples was removed by standard packhouse processing. Removal rates were similar for all locations on open-calyxed apples. However, no removal occurred from the calyx beneath the sepals if the apple calyx was closed. All 4 high-pressure apple washer treatments tested (500 and 800 psi at 1.0 and 2.0 rods/s) halved the number of larvae on the apple exterior relative to the packhouse control. The pattern of removal for larvae on open-calyxed apples was calyx outside sepals approximately stem cavity > calyx beneath the sepals approximately cheek. A similar pattern was evident for larvae on closed-calyxed apples, except insects beneath the sepals evaded removal. The persistence of insects on the apple cheek reflects the high proportion of larvae inside tunnels in this location compared with other apple locations. Removal of internally positioned insects was much lower than that of externally positioned insects. PMID:9887685

  8. Connecting to the Managed Print Service from a Mac These instructions cover the connection of your Mac computer to the managed print service.

    E-print Network

    Glasgow, University of

    Connecting to the Managed Print Service from a Mac These instructions cover the connection of your Mac computer to the managed print service. The system currently supports Mac OSX 10.7 to 10.9. Start;Enter your GUID and password and select Install. Upon completion your are connected to the managed print

  9. 08-33-10-04 '08-10 Vol. 33 No. 10 SPMC-MAC : Slim Preamble Multi-Channel MAC Protocol with

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    08-33-10-04 '08-10 Vol. 33 No. 10 876 *, ** SPMC-MAC : Slim Preamble Multi-Channel MAC Protocol with Transmission Power Control in Wireless Sensor Networks Jang-Muk Yoon* Regular Member, Saewoong Bahk** Lifelong Member (Throughput) . SPMC-MAC(Slim Preamble Multi Channel

  10. How to Connect to the Russell Fileserver from a Mac Page 1 of 1 How to Connect to the Russell Fileserver from a Mac

    E-print Network

    Mladenoff, David

    How to Connect to the Russell Fileserver from a Mac Page 1 of 1 How to Connect to the Russell Fileserver from a Mac 9/26/2011 Applies to: Russell Labs faculty, staff, and grad students Operating Systems: Mac 10.5, 10.6 and Lion 1. Press the key and the "k" key together. The Connect to Server box appears

  11. http://occs.odu.edu McAfee Installation Guide -Mac Page | 1 McAfee Security for Mac Installation Guide

    E-print Network

    http://occs.odu.edu McAfee Installation Guide - Mac Page | 1 McAfee Security for Mac Installation Guide This guide will assist you with installing McAfee on a Mac. Please make sure you are connected to the Internet so that your computer can update McAfee after the installation is complete. *For Mountain Lion

  12. Developing Simple Financial Records Using the AppleWorks Spreadsheet Subprogram, Apple IIe or GS Computers, and a Duodisk Drive.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlenker, Richard M.

    This manual is a "how to" training device for developing simple financial records using the AppleWorks spreadsheet subprogram with an Apple IIe or Apple IIGS Computer which has a Duodisk or two disk drives. The manual provides step-by-step directions, and includes 34 figures depicting the computer screen at the various stages of the spreadsheet

  13. 1 HDY (MAC )2 MASTER/EDITOR/AUTHOR/MAC3 Lucid Digital Limited . Heredity (2002) 88, qqqqqq

    E-print Network

    Caillaud, Marina

    2002-01-01

    1 HDY (MAC )2 MASTER/EDITOR/AUTHOR/MAC3 Lucid Digital Limited . 41 2 3 1 Heredity (2002) 88, qqq May 2002 1 HDY: Heredity - NATURE2 14-08-02 15:08:26 Rev 16.03x HDY$$$146P morphism in pea aphids the interplay between polymor- phisms and polyphenisms. Heredity (2002) 88, 000000. doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6800146

  14. Idea Bank: The Apple Genomics Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kathryn Orvis

    2008-10-01

    Genomics is the study of an organism's entire genome. Because genomics is a relatively new discipline, it can be difficult to find teaching materials, especially those that offer a variety of educational modalities. To address this need, researchers and educators have developed The Apple Genomics Project website. This website features genomic information and computer animations that explain common genomic laboratory procedures. Using an apple as the model organism, computer animations enhance learning by explaining and displaying the complex techniques and procedures associated with the field of genomics.

  15. Distribution of citrus viroids and Apple stem grooving virus on citrus trees in Japan using multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takao Ito; Nobuyuki Namba; Tsutae Ito

    2003-01-01

    The distribution of citrus viroids Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVd), Citrus bent leaf viroid (CBLVd), Citrus viroid (CVd)-I-LSS, Hop stunt viroid (HSVd), Citrus viroid III (CVd-III), Citrus viroid IV (CVd-IV), and Citrus viroid OS (CVd-OS) and Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV; synonym: Citrus tatter leaf virus) were investigated using the multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction\\u000a on samples from

  16. Simultaneous detection of six citrus viroids and Apple stem grooving virus from citrus plants by multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takao Ito; Hiroyuki Ieki; Katsumi Ozaki

    2002-01-01

    We developed a multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect six citrus viroids: Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVd), Citrus bent leaf viroid (CBLVd), Hop stunt viroid (HSVd), Citrus viroid III (CVd-III), Citrus viroid IV (CVd-IV) and Citrus viroid OS (CVd-OS) and Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV, synonym: Citrus tatter leaf virus (CTLV)) from citrus plants. The multiplex RT-PCR was

  17. Evaluation of grapefruit seed extract as natural fungicide to control apple scab in organic apple growing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Trapman

    C-pro, an experimental fungicide based on grapefruit seed extract was compared to copper oxychloride for the control of apple scab in a field trial. Efficacy and possible phytotoxic effects where accessed. The C-pro formulation was analysed for possible chemical additives by HPTLC. C-pro proved tot be more effective in controlling apple scab then the standard rate of 300 gram copper

  18. The design and implementation of the IEEE 802.11 MAC based on soft-core processor and RTOS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wanang Xiao; Zhi Fang; Yin Shi

    2007-01-01

    The implementation method of the IEEE 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is mainly based on DSP (Digital Signal Processor)\\/\\u000a ARM (Advanced Reduced instruction set computer Machine) processor or DSP\\/ARM IP (Intellectual Property) core. This paper presents\\u000a a method based on Nios II soft-core processor embedded in Alteras Cyclone FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) and MicroC\\/OS-II\\u000a RTOS (Real-Time Operation System).

  19. Design and FPGA implementation for MAC layer of Ethernet PON

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Zengxi; Lin, Rujian; Chen, Jian; Ye, Jiajun; Chen, Xinqiao

    2004-04-01

    Ethernet passive optical network (EPON), which represents the convergence of low-cost, high-bandwidth and supporting multiple services, appears to be one of the best candidates for the next-generation access network. The work of standardizing EPON as a solution for access network is still underway in the IEEE802.3ah Ethernet in the first mile (EFM) task force. The final release is expected in 2004. Up to now, there has been no standard application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chip available which fulfills the functions of media access control (MAC) layer of EPON. The MAC layer in EPON system has many functions, such as point-to-point emulation (P2PE), Ethernet MAC functionality, multi-point control protocol (MPCP), network operation, administration and maintenance (OAM) and link security. To implement those functions mentioned above, an embedded real-time operating system (RTOS) and a flexible programmable logic device (PLD) with an embedded processor are used. The software and hardware functions in MAC layer are realized through programming embedded microprocessor and field programmable gate array(FPGA). Finally, some experimental results are given in this paper. The method stated here can provide a valuable reference for developing EPON MAC layer ASIC.

  20. Sustainable Biocontrol of Apple Insect Pests

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Biocontrol of insect pests is a cornerstone to sustainable production of apples and other crops. The ecology of orchards lends itself to the application of many management options which will enhance the sustainability of biocontrol. Orchards remain in place for decades, allowing for an evolution o...

  1. Some Aspects of Enzymatic Browning in Apples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liffen, C. L.; Cleeve, H. N.

    1975-01-01

    Describes material modified from the Nuffield advanced chemistry course to make it meaningful and relevant to pupils in the middle school. Discusses a series of simple experiments on apple browning and summarizes the browning process and its control. (Author/GS)

  2. Hormonal and anatomical effects of apple rootstocks

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In greenhouse experiments, two-year-old 'Fuji' apple scions (Malus domestica, 'Fuji') on size-controlling rootstocks (dwarfing to vigorous), were grown for one season and shoot growth was measured to confirm size-controlling effects. In the next season, xylem sap was collected to determine hydraul...

  3. Mom, Apple Pie, and the American Dream.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grambs, Jean Dresden

    1982-01-01

    Discusses how the mom-and-apple-pie facet of the American dream no longer seems to be working. Ways to redefine that dream so that women, men, children, and families are comfortable with each other and are able to develop a mutual dependence which also allows for mutual independence are examined. (RM)

  4. Wild pollinators of eastern apple orchards

    E-print Network

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    as pollinators noW? Honey bees are the most widely used insect pollinator in agricultural systems where 65% of New York apple growers indicated that Colony Collapse Disorder of honey bees would on a single stock, relying on a single pollinator for this vital service may pose increasing risk. Honey bees

  5. The development of a cisgenic apple plant.

    PubMed

    Vanblaere, Thalia; Szankowski, Iris; Schaart, Jan; Schouten, Henk; Flachowsky, Henryk; Broggini, Giovanni A L; Gessler, Cesare

    2011-07-20

    Cisgenesis represents a step toward a new generation of GM crops. The lack of selectable genes (e.g. antibiotic or herbicide resistance) in the final product and the fact that the inserted gene(s) derive from organisms sexually compatible with the target crop should rise less environmental concerns and increase consumer's acceptance. Here we report the generation of a cisgenic apple plant by inserting the endogenous apple scab resistance gene HcrVf2 under the control of its own regulatory sequences into the scab susceptible apple cultivar Gala. A previously developed method based on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation combined with a positive and negative selection system and a chemically inducible recombination machinery allowed the generation of apple cv. Gala carrying the scab resistance gene HcrVf2 under its native regulatory sequences and no foreign genes. Three cisgenic lines were chosen for detailed investigation and were shown to carry a single T-DNA insertion and express the target gene HcrVf2. This is the first report of the generation of a true cisgenic plant. PMID:21663775

  6. NEWTON'S APPLE 14th Season Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichmann, Sue, Ed.

    This guide was developed to help teachers use the 14th season of NEWTON'S APPLE in their classrooms and contains lessons formatted to follow the National Science Education Standards. The "Overview,""Main Activity," and "Try-This" sections were created with inquiry-based learning in mind. Each lesson page begins with "Getting Started," which

  7. Breccia at the Apple Creek Formation

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS scientist Art Bookstrom hammers on limonite-stained breccia, cutting banded siltite of the Apple Creek Formation, exposed near the Uncle Sam portal of the Blackbird cobalt-copper mine, in the Salmon River Mountains of east-central Idaho....

  8. Low energy electron irradiation of an apple

    E-print Network

    Brescia, Giovanni Batista

    2002-01-01

    is the need to achieve a uniform dose over the entire surface of convoluted shapes. The main goal of this research was to calculate the dose distribution produced by low energy electron irradiation of a typical complex shape, an apple, using Monte Carlo...

  9. An ADC Interface for the Apple II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leiker, P. Steven

    1990-01-01

    Described is the construction of a simple analog-to-digital convertor circuit to interface an Apple II+ microcomputer to a light sensor used in conjunction with a holographic gear inspector. A list of parts, circuit diagram, and a simple BASIC program for the convertor are provided. (CW)

  10. Factors affecting wet core rot of apples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Spotts; A R. J. HolmesB; W. S. WashingtonC

    1988-01-01

    The effects of preharvest and postharvest inoculation of apple fruits with core rot fungi and the relationships between fruit\\u000a shape and sinus opening on wet core rot were studied. Preharvest inoculation with Mucor piriformis, Penicillium roquefortii and Alternaria sp. did not cause core rot, but postharvest inoculation with M. piriformis and P. expansum caused extensive rot, particularly if spores were

  11. how to prepare Apple-Cabbage Slaw

    E-print Network

    tablespoons pineapple juice . 1 teaspoon prepared mustard 1 1/8 teaspoon celery seed Combine cabbage, apples add other vegetables (mushrooms, julienne cut carrots, broccoli and/or cauliflower florets, snow peas://www.uga.edu/setp/ Safe Handling of Raw Produce and Fresh-Squeezed Fruit and Vegetable Juices http

  12. Transcriptional analysis of apple fruit proanthocyanidin biosynthesis

    PubMed Central

    Henry-Kirk, Rebecca A.

    2012-01-01

    Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are products of the flavonoid pathway, which also leads to the production of anthocyanins and flavonols. Many flavonoids have antioxidant properties and may have beneficial effects for human health. PAs are found in the seeds and fruits of many plants. In apple fruit (Malus domestica Borkh.), the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway is most active in the skin, with the flavan-3-ols, catechin, and epicatechin acting as the initiating units for the synthesis of PA polymers. This study examined the genes involved in the production of PAs in three apple cultivars: two heritage apple cultivars, Hetlina and Devonshire Quarrenden, and a commercial cultivar, Royal Gala. HPLC analysis shows that tree-ripe fruit from Hetlina and Devonshire Quarrenden had a higher phenolic content than Royal Gala. Epicatechin and catechin biosynthesis is under the control of the biosynthetic enzymes anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) and leucoanthocyanidin reductase (LAR1), respectively. Counter-intuitively, real-time quantitative PCR analysis showed that the expression levels of Royal Gala LAR1 and ANR were significantly higher than those of both Devonshire Quarrenden and Hetlina. This suggests that a compensatory feedback mechanism may be active, whereby low concentrations of PAs may induce higher expression of gene transcripts. Further investigation is required into the regulation of these key enzymes in apple. Abbreviations:ANOVAanalysis of varianceANRanthocyanidin reductaseDADdiode array detectorDAFBdays after full bloomDFRdihydroflavonol reductaseLARleucoanthocyanidin reductaseLC-MSliquid chromatography/mass spectrometryPAproanthocyanidinqPCRreal-time quantitative PCR PMID:22859681

  13. Simulating the architectural development of apple trees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Renton; E. Costes; Y. Gudon; C. Godin

    The goal of the present study is to further develop investigations by integrating the acquired knowledge regarding both the topology and geometry of apple trees. This is achieved by integrating the corresponding models - Hidden semi-Markov chains for branching and biomechanical model for geometric changes - into a more global model, which allows us to simulate the architectural development of

  14. VACUUM DRYING OF OSMOTIC DEHYDRATED APPLE SLICES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria A. Mauro; Sandra M. Monnerat; Alan E. Rodrigues

    In this work, the effect of the osmotic solution concentration and of the vacuum oven temperature on the specific volume of dried apple slices was studied. Samples pre- treated with 40 and 50% sucrose solutions (0.5, 1, 2 and 3 hr) and dried in a vacuum oven at 50 oC shrunk less than untreated slices or even than the ones

  15. Small bowel obstruction caused by dried apple

    PubMed Central

    Ooi, Sally; Hong, Khiem

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Small bowel obstruction in a virgin abdomen is an uncommon surgical condition. While malignancy, inflammatory bowel disease and foreign body are the main reported causes, undigested food bezoar causing bowel obstruction is a rare entity. We report a case of small bowel obstruction secondary to dried preserved apple having re-expanded within the gastrointestinal tract. Presentation of case A 69 year old male presented with severe abdominal distension, generalized abdominal tenderness and obstipation for 1 week. Small bowel obstruction (SBO) was confirmed on plain abdominal X-ray and CT imaging. An emergency explorative laparatomy identified a sausage-shaped intra-luminal foreign body obstructing the distal ileum. An enterotomy was performed which revealed a rehydrated, donut-shaped piece of dried apple. Discussion Swallowed items that pass through the pylorus rarely cause obstruction as they are usually small enough to pass through the rest of the bowel without difficulty. We postulate that in our patient that the dried apple was originally small enough to pass through the pylorus. However during small bowel, its highly absorbable nature resulted in an increase in size that prevented its passage through the ileocecal valve. A simple in-vitro experiment discovered that dried apple has a potential to reabsorb fluid and expand up to 35% of its initial size within 72h. Conclusion This report illustrates the potential for dried food substances to cause intra-luminal SBO after significant expansion with rehydration. PMID:25841159

  16. Making Apple Computers Accessible to Blind Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renouf, Andrew; Phillips, Susan

    The study examined the feasibility of adapting commercially available educational software to a speech synthesizer compatible with the Apple II for use with 15 visually impaired students 8 to 12 years old. Ss were pre-tested on measures of auditory discrimination, computer literacy, keyboard proficiency, spelling, and language. Ss then received

  17. Identification of apple cultivars using RAPD markers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Koller; A. Lehmann; J. M. McDermott; C. Gessler

    1993-01-01

    Eleven apple cultivars were differentiated using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers obtained by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The variability of the technique and of the origin of the DNA extract was analyzed. A set of bands consistent in their presence or absence was chosen to create a differentiating band pattern. A key is proposed by which one can

  18. POTENTIAL EXPOSURE OF APPLE THINNERS TO PHOSALONE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Apple thinning results in considerable human contact with foliage, fruit, and limbs. This work often occurs during that portion of the growing season when trees are most frequently being sprayed for insect conrol. Therefore, of all workers exposed to pesticide residues upon reent...

  19. Communicating between the Apple and the Wang

    SciTech Connect

    Barton, G.W., Downey, R.

    1982-10-26

    This manual covers what the beginner needs to know in order to transfer files between an Apple's Microcomputer and a Wang's OIS Word Processor. We have also tried to indicate where the experienced user might want to look for additional details. We cover the use of Apple Writer )(, VisiTerm, VisiCalc, and EasyWriter Professional. For us, the two most useful connections are from Applewriter to Wang and from Visicalc to Wang. From Wang to Apple Writer via Visiterm may have some value. Files can be transferred by VisiTerm to Wang, but they arrive with RETURNS in the middle of words, which have to be edited out, so we do not recommend it. We describe how to go from EasyWriter to Wang, but we do not know how to go from Wang to EasyWriter. We see no reason to go from Wang to VisiCalc, so we haven't thought about it. All instructions are given for a typical configuration of the Apple, namely the one on which this manual was composed. It is detailed in the section on Hardware and Software.

  20. Stomata of apple leaves cultured in vitro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael M. Blanke; Ann R. Belcher

    1989-01-01

    Examination by scanning electron microscopy showed abaxial stomata on in vitro cultured apple (Malus pumila Mill.) leaves. With leaf ontogeny, most of these stomata appeared to lose their regulatory ability while developing wide vestibules of up to 20 m in diameter. It is proposed that these deformed stomata may be a possible cause for the excessive transpirational water loss and

  1. Feeding and egg distribution studies of Heringia calcarata (Diptera: Syrphidae), a specialized predator of woolly apple aphid (Homoptera: Eriosomatidae) in Virginia apple orchards.

    PubMed

    Short, B D; Bergh, J C

    2004-06-01

    Predation by the aphidophagous syrphid fly Heringia calcarata (Loew) on woolly apple aphid, Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann), was studied in the laboratory and in Virginia apple orchards. Feeding studies compared the prey suitability of three temporally sympatric aphid pests of apple: spirea aphid, Aphis spiraecola Patch; rosy apple aphid, Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini); and woolly apple aphid. Significantly more H. calcarata larvae survived and completed development on a pure diet of woolly apple aphid than on rosy apple aphid, and none survived on spirea aphid. Final larval weights were significantly greater, and the larval developmental period was significantly shorter on woolly apple aphid than on rosy apple aphid, but neither the duration of pupal development nor adult weight differed between diets. H. calcarata larvae consumed an average of 105 woolly apple aphids during their development. Nave, neonate larvae given access to all possible pair combinations of woolly apple aphid, rosy apple aphid, and spirea aphid consumed significantly more woolly apple aphids in all pairings that included woolly apple aphid. When given a choice of rosy apple aphid and spirea aphid, significantly more rosy apple aphids were consumed. Weekly counts of syrphid eggs found in woolly apple aphid, rosy apple aphid, and spirea aphid colonies collected from apple trees showed that two generalist hover fly predators, Eupeodes americanus (Wiedemann) and Syrphus rectus Osten Sacken, were present in colonies of all three aphid species and that E. americanus was the most abundant syrphid predator in A. spiraecola and D. plantaginea colonies. H. calcarata eggs were found only in woolly apple aphid colonies and were more abundant there than E. americanus and S. rectus. These data suggest that H. calcarata is a specialized predator of woolly apple aphid in the apple ecosystem in Virginia. PMID:15279258

  2. Performance Analysis and Improvement of WPAN MAC for Home Networks

    PubMed Central

    Mehta, Saurabh; Kwak, Kyung Sup

    2010-01-01

    The wireless personal area network (WPAN) is an emerging wireless technology for future short range indoor and outdoor communication applications. The IEEE 802.15.3 medium access control (MAC) is proposed to coordinate the access to the wireless medium among the competing devices, especially for short range and high data rate applications in home networks. In this paper we use analytical modeling to study the performance analysis of WPAN (IEEE 802.15.3) MAC in terms of throughput, efficient bandwidth utilization, and delay with various ACK policies under error channel condition. This allows us to introduce a K-Dly-ACK-AGG policy, payload size adjustment mechanism, and Improved Backoff algorithm to improve the performance of the WPAN MAC. Performance evaluation results demonstrate the impact of our improvements on network capacity. Moreover, these results can be very useful to WPAN application designers and protocol architects to easily and correctly implement WPAN for home networking. PMID:22319274

  3. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432 Outlook 2011 previously: o Select Tools-> Accounts #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 3

  4. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432 Outlook 2011 previously: o Select Tools-> Accounts #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook". #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432

  5. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-print Network

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432 for users who are already using Microsoft Entourage 2004 or Entourage 2008 "Import". #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk

  6. Shannon bounds for large-scale wireless MAC's potential capacity in presence of errors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander B. Markhasin

    2008-01-01

    The reachable, real, throughput capacity of the various medium access control (MAC) protocols differs considerably. In fact, a wireless MAC protocol's current state information is dispersed at geographically distributed stations, and therefore is inaccessible in principle for the \\

  7. Vehicle Health Management Communications Requirements for AeroMACS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Clements, Donna J.; Apaza, Rafael D.

    2012-01-01

    As the development of standards for the aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) progresses, the process of identifying and quantifying appropriate uses for the system is progressing. In addition to defining important elements of AeroMACS standards, indentifying the systems uses impacts AeroMACS bandwidth requirements. Although an initial 59 MHz spectrum allocation for AeroMACS was established in 2007, the allocation may be inadequate; studies have indicated that 100 MHz or more of spectrum may be required to support airport surface communications. Hence additional spectrum allocations have been proposed. Vehicle health management (VHM) systems, which can produce large volumes of vehicle health data, were not considered in the original bandwidth requirements analyses, and are therefore of interest in supporting proposals for additional AeroMACS spectrum. VHM systems are an emerging development in air vehicle safety, and preliminary estimates of the amount of data that will be produced and transmitted off an aircraft, both in flight and on the ground, have been prepared based on estimates of data produced by on-board vehicle health sensors and initial concepts of data processing approaches. This allowed an initial estimate of VHM data transmission requirements for the airport surface. More recently, vehicle-level systems designed to process and analyze VHM data and draw conclusions on the current state of vehicle health have been undergoing testing and evaluation. These systems make use of vehicle system data that is mostly different from VHM data considered previously for airport surface transmission, and produce processed system outputs that will be also need to be archived, thus generating additional data load for AeroMACS. This paper provides an analysis of airport surface data transmission requirements resulting from the vehicle level reasoning systems, within the context of overall VHM data requirements.

  8. CO2calc: A User-Friendly Seawater Carbon Calculator for Windows, Mac OS X, and iOS (iPhone)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robbins, L.L.; Hansen, M.E.; Kleypas, J.A.; Meylan, S.C.

    2010-01-01

    A user-friendly, stand-alone application for the calculation of carbonate system parameters was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey Florida Shelf Ecosystems Response to Climate Change Project in response to its Ocean Acidification Task. The application, by Mark Hansen and Lisa Robbins, USGS St. Petersburg, FL, Joanie Kleypas, NCAR, Boulder, CO, and Stephan Meylan, Jacobs Technology, St. Petersburg, FL, is intended as a follow-on to CO2SYS, originally developed by Lewis and Wallace (1998) and later modified for Microsoft Excel? by Denis Pierrot (Pierrot and others, 2006). Besides eliminating the need for using Microsoft Excel on the host system, CO2calc offers several improvements on CO2SYS, including: An improved graphical user interface for data entry and results Additional calculations of air-sea CO2 fluxes (for surface water calculations) The ability to tag data with sample name, comments, date, time, and latitude/longitude The ability to use the system time and date and latitude/ longitude (automatic retrieval of latitude and longitude available on iPhone? 3, 3GS, 4, and Windows? hosts with an attached National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA)-enabled GPS) The ability to process multiple files in a batch processing mode An option to save sample information, data input, and calculated results as a comma-separated value (CSV) file for use with Microsoft Excel, ArcGIS,? or other applications An option to export points with geographic coordinates as a KMZ file for viewing and editing in Google EarthTM

  9. Superhard hexagonal transition metal and its carbide and nitride: Os, OsC, and OsN

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jin-Cheng Zheng

    2005-01-01

    Recent experimental findings suggest that the bulk modulus of osmium is comparable to that of diamond. From first principles calculations we examine the compressibility of diamond, Os, OsC, OsN, and OsO2 as well as cubic BN under pressure. We show that Os, OsC, and OsN in the hexagonal structures are less compressible than their cubic phases. The bulk moduli of

  10. Oviposition preference of Oriental fruit moth [Grapholita molesta (Busck), Lepidoptera: Tortricidae] for apple cultivars

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Oviposition preferences and apple cultivar selection by fruit pests may impact integrated pest management in apple orchards. Experiments were conducted to study oviposition preferences of Oriental fruit moth ( Grapholita molesta [Busck], Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on ten commercially important apple ...

  11. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  12. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  13. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  14. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  15. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  16. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  17. 75 FR 52218 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Apple Crop Insurance Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-25

    ...0563-AC10 Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Apple Crop Insurance Provisions AGENCY: Federal...the Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Apple Crop Insurance Provisions. The intended...the Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Apple Crop Insurance Provisions that were...

  18. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  19. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  20. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  1. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  2. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  3. 7 CFR 319.56-27 - Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea...Vegetables 319.56-27 Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United...

  4. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  5. 40 CFR 407.20 - Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. 407.20 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products Subcategory 407.20 Applicability; description of the apple products subcategory. The...

  6. 40 CFR 407.10 - Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...true Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. 407.10 Section...VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice Subcategory 407.10 Applicability; description of the apple juice subcategory. The...

  7. 7 CFR 319.56-20 - Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Apples and pears from Australia (including...Fruits and Vegetables 319.56-20 Apples and pears from Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. Apples and pears from Australia...

  8. A 3D Talking Head for mobile devices based on unofficial iOS WebGL support

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Riccardo Leone; Piero Cosi

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we present the implementation of a WebGL Talking Head for iOS mobile devices (Apple iPhone and iPad). It works on standard MPEG-4 Facial Animation Parameters (FAPs) and speaks with the Italian version of FESTIVAL TTS. It is totally based on true real human data. The 3D kinematics information are used to create lips articulatory model and to

  9. Variable grid-quorum pattern MAC protocol for wireless sensor network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yang Xi; Liu Jun; Yan Fang

    2010-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks are appealing to researchers due to their wide range of application. This paper proposes Variable Grid-quorum Pattern MAC protocol (VGP-MAC), an adaptive, asynchronous and low-latency MAC protocol designed for wireless sensor networks. VGP-MAC improves the pattern and timeslot schedule, which make nodes save energy by the proper sleep mechanism according to the nodes' own traffic. And the

  10. A Study on MAC Address Spoofing Attack Detection Structure in Wireless Sensor Network Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sungmo Jung; Jong Hyun Kim; Seoksoo Kim

    \\u000a Wireless sensor network applies authentication by registering\\/managing user IP and MAC addresses. However, the existing methods\\u000a are vulnerable to MAC address spoofing, in which a malicious user changes a clients MAC address into his own, calling for\\u000a a new detection method. Therefore, this paper provides a method of detecting MAC address spoofing attacks in real-time by\\u000a collecting wireless traffic data

  11. Apple Burrknot Borers in New York Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State

    E-print Network

    Agnello, Arthur M.

    Apple Burrknot Borers in New York Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State DAVID P. KAIN, RICHARD W. STRAUB AND ARTHUR M. AGNELLO Department damage to dwarf apple trees caused by American plum borer, a survey was conducted in the major apple

  12. The Atom and the Apple, Princeton University Press, "The Atom and the Apple is a delightful ramble through many areas of science as well as

    E-print Network

    Balibar, Sbastien

    The Atom and the Apple, Princeton University Press, Reviews: "The Atom and the Apple and stimulating, and it frequently challenges political correctness. . . . The Atom and the Apple provides." --Publishers Weekly (Starred Review) #12;Science Teacher Association recommends : The Atom and the Apple

  13. Cognitive MultiChannel MAC Protocols with Perfect and Imperfect Sensing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Tung Chong Wong; Shoukang Zheng; Ying-Chang Liang

    2011-01-01

    Analytical formulations of the throughput of cogni- tive multi-channel MACs with perfect and imperfect sensing are presented. Both imperfect concurrent sensing and imperfect se- quential sensing schemes are considered. A discrete time Markov chain is used to model the number of communicating node pairs in the MAC protocols. The throughput of the MAC protocol with perfect sensing is expressed as

  14. Queueing Analysis of Polling Based Wireless MAC Protocols with Sleep-Wake Cycles

    E-print Network

    Sikdar, Biplab

    1 Queueing Analysis of Polling Based Wireless MAC Protocols with Sleep-Wake Cycles Haiming Yang the per- formance of polling based MAC protocols with sleep-wake cycles for WSNs. A queueing model in ongoing transmissions. Decentralized contention based MAC protocols that use different variants of sleep-wake

  15. A Novel MAC Protocol with Fast Collision Resolution for Wireless LANs

    E-print Network

    Latchman, Haniph A.

    A Novel MAC Protocol with Fast Collision Resolution for Wireless LANs Younggoo Kwon, Yuguang Fang of efficient medium access control (MAC) protocols with both high throughput performance and high- degree of fairness performance is a major focus in distributed contention-based MAC protocol research. In this paper

  16. Dynamic Quorum Policy for Maximizing Throughput in Limited Information Multiparty MAC

    E-print Network

    Sarkar, Saswati

    1 Dynamic Quorum Policy for Maximizing Throughput in Limited Information Multiparty MAC Prasanna of Pennsylvania {prasanna, swati, rshetty}@seas.upenn.edu Abstract In multiparty MAC, a sender needs to transmit multiparty MAC can be improved substantially by exploiting the fact that several receivers can be reached

  17. Contention-Free MAC protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Costas Busch

    E-print Network

    Bystroff, Chris

    Contention-Free MAC protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Costas Busch buschc@cs.rpi.edu Malik A MAC protocol specifies how nodes in a sensor network coordinate their communication over a shared communication channel. Owing to the limited capabilities of sensor nodes, the desired properties of a MAC

  18. ContentionFree MAC protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Costas Busch

    E-print Network

    Bystroff, Chris

    ContentionFree MAC protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Costas Busch buschc@cs.rpi.edu Malik A MAC protocol specifies how nodes in a sensor network coordinate their communication over a shared communication channel. Owing to the limited capabilities of sensor nodes, the desired properties of a MAC

  19. A New MAC Scheme Supporting Voice/Data Traffic in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    E-print Network

    Jiang, Hai

    A New MAC Scheme Supporting Voice/Data Traffic in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Ping Wang, Member, IEEE address all these problems. In this paper, a new busy-tone-based medium access control (MAC) scheme greatly improved (as compared with the popular IEEE 802.11e MAC scheme) without the need of extra

  20. L-MAC: Localization packet scheduling for an underwater acoustic sensor network

    E-print Network

    Leus, Geert

    L-MAC: Localization packet scheduling for an underwater acoustic sensor network Hamid Ramezani on medium access control (MAC) protocol design for localization. Although, we can employ existing wireless sensor network (WSN) MAC protocols and algorithms for the localization task, the unique properties

  1. A restricted-Weakly Connected Dominating Set for Role Assignment in a Multichannel MAC for

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    A restricted-Weakly Connected Dominating Set for Role Assignment in a Multichannel MAC for Wireless structure associated with Molecular MAC, a multi- channel access method designed for efficient packet with respect to other protocols. Index Terms--wireless mesh networks; Molecular MAC; WCDS; 2-approximation; I

  2. MAC for Networks with Multipacket Reception Capability and Spatially Distributed Nodes

    E-print Network

    Zussman, Gil

    MAC for Networks with Multipacket Reception Capability and Spatially Distributed Nodes Guner D the performance of the MAC layer. However, we show that in networks with spatially distributed nodes, reusing known that when networks with spatially distributed nodes operate with such MAC protocols, the channel

  3. An Energy-Efficient Broadcasting Scheme for Unsynchronized Wireless Sensor MAC Protocols

    E-print Network

    Braun, Torsten

    An Energy-Efficient Broadcasting Scheme for Unsynchronized Wireless Sensor MAC Protocols Philipp, Switzerland Abstract--In the past couple of years, many Energy-Efficient Medium Access Control (E2 -MAC- efficient broadcasting scheme for use in E2 -MAC protocols with asynchronous duty cycles. We integrate

  4. The Impact of MAC Design on Estimation of Spacial Markov Process in Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Dong, Min

    The Impact of MAC Design on Estimation of Spacial Markov Process in Sensor Networks Min Dong, Lang agents using a specified medium access control (MAC) schemes, and the signal field is reconstructed-Markov field, we investigate the impact of MAC scheme design on the signal reconstruction performance. Two

  5. MAC for Networks with Multipacket Reception Capability and Spatially Distributed Nodes

    E-print Network

    Zussman, Gil

    MAC for Networks with Multipacket Reception Capability and Spatially Distributed Nodes Guner D. This capability has the potential to improve the performance of the MAC layer. How- ever, we show that in networks with such MAC protocols, the channel may be captured by nodes that are near the destination, leading

  6. The MAC method S. McKee a,*, M.F. Tome b

    E-print Network

    Frey, Pascal

    Review The MAC method S. McKee a,*, M.F. Tome b , V.G. Ferreira b , J.A. Cuminato b , A. Castelo b Available online 24 November 2007 Abstract In this article recent advances in the Marker and Cell (MAC) method will be reviewed. The MAC technique dates back to the early 1960s at the Los Alamos Laboratories

  7. MAC protocol for optimal Multipacket Reception in WLANs Changwon NamO

    E-print Network

    Bahk, Saewoong

    MAC protocol for optimal Multipacket Reception in WLANs Changwon NamO , Jongwook Lee and Saewoong, jwlee}@netlab.snu.ac.kr, sbahk@snu.ac.kr Abstract Conventional medium access control (MAC) protocols it possible to receive multiple packets simultaneously. As a result, the design of new MAC protocol should

  8. Smart Attacks based on Control Packets Vulnerabilities with IEEE 802.11 MAC

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Smart Attacks based on Control Packets Vulnerabilities with IEEE 802.11 MAC Abderrezak Rachedi which were not dealt with in the solutions proposed recently. We focus on the Medium Access Control (MAC for the certain hidden vulnerabilities, particularly the cross-layer attacks. These at- tacks are based on the MAC

  9. Rethinking Wireless MAC Architecture for Quality of Service Support Design and Implementation

    E-print Network

    Young, R. Michael

    Rethinking Wireless MAC Architecture for Quality of Service Support ­ Design and Implementation--Existing wireless MAC standards are known to have fairness problems. In this paper, we ask a more fundamental separate control knobs for two main functions of MAC, namely, fairness control and contention resolution

  10. A MAC Protocol for Delay-Bounded Applications in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Melodia, Tommaso

    A MAC Protocol for Delay-Bounded Applications in Wireless Sensor Networks Guido Di Bacco , Tommaso are defined as aggregates of flows from multiple sources to a single receiver. A new distributed MAC protocol explicitly designed for Delay-Bounded Applications in Wireless Sensor Networks (DB-MAC) is also introduced

  11. VOTED BALTIMORE'S BEST 100 WELLNESS GOALS WILL BE ACHIEVED THIS MONTH AT THE MAC.

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    VOTED BALTIMORE'S BEST 100 WELLNESS GOALS WILL BE ACHIEVED THIS MONTH AT THE MAC. MAKE YOURS ONE Kinesis Squash pERSOnAL TRAInInG AnD SMALL GROup TRAInInG OTHER STARTER pROGRAMS: Healthy Start MAC Harbor East only Timonium only JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEES OPEN HOUSE AT MAC HARBOR EAST

  12. Performance Enhancement of IEEE 802.11b WLANs Using Cooperative MAC Protocol

    E-print Network

    Lee, Tae-Jin

    Performance Enhancement of IEEE 802.11b WLANs Using Cooperative MAC Protocol Jin-Seong Kim and Tae a new cooperative Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol to rem- edy the performance anomaly and to improve transmission opportunities for low rate stations. We show that the proposed cooperative MAC

  13. Implementation and evaluation of a 2 Channel MAC protocol to improve fairness in multihop networks

    E-print Network

    Shankara, Smitha

    2001-01-01

    The standard 802.11 MAC protocol, for wireless networks, is a single channel implementation. In multihop wireless networks, scenarios can arise where a single channel MAC protocol may not perform as fairly as a 2-Channel MAC protocol. By having 2...

  14. Low energy operation in WSNs: A survey of preamble sampling MAC protocols

    E-print Network

    Bellalta, Boris

    Low energy operation in WSNs: A survey of preamble sampling MAC protocols C. Cano , B. Bellalta, A Keywords: MAC protocols WSNs Preamble sampling Low power listening Low energy consumption a b s t r a c Networks (WSNs). Consequently, the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer design is crucial, due to its

  15. Probabilistic Algorithms for Cost-based Integrated MAC and Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Rossi, Michele

    wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In modern joint MAC/routing solutions for WSNs, forwarding de- cisionsProbabilistic Algorithms for Cost-based Integrated MAC and Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks@ing.unife.it ABSTRACT In this paper we propose a new integrated MAC/routing algorithm for CSMA channel access based

  16. OSC-MAC: Duty Cycle Scheduling and Cooperation in Multi-hop Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Ingram, Mary Ann

    OSC-MAC: Duty Cycle Scheduling and Cooperation in Multi-hop Wireless Sensor Networks Jian Lin MAC pro- tocol (OSC-MAC) is proposed to address the energy hole problem in multi-hop wireless sensor networks (WSNs). By combining an on-demand strategy and sensor cooperation intended to extend range, OSC

  17. Teaching a Classic for All Ages: Fairy Tales and Stories of George MacDonald.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadler, Glenn Edward

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the life and writings of George MacDonald (1824-1905). Suggests that the most striking feature of MacDonald's children's books is his sensitivity toward spiritual values and the power of change within the lives of his characters. Appends a list of questions to stimulate student response to MacDonald's writings. (RS)

  18. EasyMAC: A New and Simple Protocol for Slot Assignment Jerrolyn Brees and Sukhamay Kundu

    E-print Network

    Kundu, Sukhamay

    EasyMAC: A New and Simple Protocol for Slot Assignment Jerrolyn Brees and Sukhamay Kundu Department algorithm EasyMAC for the slot assignment for media access control (MAC) of nodes in a sensor network. Our algorithm reduces both the number of messages and the time required to complete the slot assignment compared

  19. An Overlay MAC Layer for 802.11 Networks UC Berkeley

    E-print Network

    Wang, Bing

    the MAC layer can directly address all the 802.11 limitations, but it is much harder to implement and exAn Overlay MAC Layer for 802.11 Networks Ananth Rao UC Berkeley Ion Stoica UC Berkeley Abstract posed by these applications is stretching the 802.11 MAC protocol beyond its intended capabilities

  20. An Overlay MAC Layer for 802.11 Networks Ananth Rao , Ion Stoica

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    univer­ sal deployability. To address the dichotomy between the limitations of the 802.11 MAC protocolAn Overlay MAC Layer for 802.11 Networks Ananth Rao , Ion Stoica fananthar.11 MAC proto­ col beyond its intended capabilities. For example, 802.11 provides no control over

  1. The Fast SIP Registration method Using MAC Address in VoIP system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong Hyeon Lee; Dong Geun Yoon; Young Hun Yoo; Seong Gon Choi

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we propose the SIP Registration method using MAC address in VoIP system. In the process of registering from SIP terminal to the SIP server, the SIP server requests the MAC address of the terminal and uses the method of storing the MAC address which matches with the SIP terminal. So, if the terminal is initialized or the

  2. Protecting Location Privacy with Dynamic Mac Address Exchanging in Wireless Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ming Lei; Zijie Qi; Xiaoyan Hong; Susan V. Vrbsky

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a novel dynamic Mac address assignment and exchange strategy to reduce location disclosure risks. The use of dynamic Mac addresses in a local area network (LAN) is feasible since the address uniqueness needs only to be handled within the LAN. Though each node has a universal Mac address assigned by the manufacturer, a local unique

  3. Detecting 802.11 MAC Layer Spoofing Using Received Signal Strength

    E-print Network

    Kotz, David

    ISTS during this work) Abstract-- MAC addresses can be easily spoofed in 802.11 wireless LANs It is easy to spoof MAC addresses in IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs using publicly available tools [1], making different, any abnormal SN gaps within the frame sequence from the same MAC address suggests a spoofing

  4. Virtual Grid Spatial Reusing Algorithm for MAC Address Assignment in Wireless Sensor Netetwork

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ye Tian; Min Sheng; Jiandong Li

    2006-01-01

    Compared with the small overhead of data payload in sensor network, the overhead of MAC address is significant from the point of view of energy-saving. A distributed algorithm (virtual grid spatial reusing-VGSR) for MAC address assignment is presented in this paper, which is a low energy cost algorithm and reduces the size of the fixed MAC address greatly based on

  5. Minimizing Delay in LossTolerant MAC Layer Multicast Prasanna Chaporkar and Saswati Sarkar

    E-print Network

    Sarkar, Saswati

    1 Minimizing Delay in LossTolerant MAC Layer Multicast Prasanna Chaporkar and Saswati Sarkar is to minimize delay in realtime MAC layer multicast by exploiting the broadcast nature of wireless mediumtime MAC layer multicast by exploiting the limited loss tolerance and the broadcast property of wireless

  6. On the Capacity of the Vector MAC and BC with Feedback

    E-print Network

    Jafar, Syed A.

    On the Capacity of the Vector MAC and BC with Feedback Syed Ali Jafar Qualcomm Incorporated San the feedback capacity region of a two user Gaussian multiple access channel (MAC) with multiple antennas to scalar MACs and BCs, respectively. We also determine the capacity enhancement due to feedback at high SNR

  7. The Yeast Transcription Factor Mac1 Binds to DNA in a Modular Fashion*

    E-print Network

    Tullius, Thomas D.

    The Yeast Transcription Factor Mac1 Binds to DNA in a Modular Fashion* (Received for publication is a metalloregulatory protein that regulates ex- pression of the high affinity copper transport system in the yeast of the DNA binding domain of Mac1 (called here Mac1t) with the two CuRE sites found in the yeast CTR1

  8. 42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. 423.2102...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2102 Request for MAC review when...

  9. 42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. 423.2102...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2102 Request for MAC review when...

  10. 42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. 423.2102...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2102 Request for MAC review when...

  11. 42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. 423.2108 Section 423.2108 Public...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for...

  12. 42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. 423.2108 Section 423.2108 Public...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for...

  13. 42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. 423.2102...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2102 Request for MAC review when...

  14. 42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. 423.2108 Section 423.2108 Public...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for...

  15. 42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. 423.2108 Section 423.2108 Public...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for...

  16. 42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. 423.2108 Section 423.2108 Public...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for...

  17. 42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. 423.2102...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2102 Request for MAC review when...

  18. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768...165.768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location...Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base, including portions of the...

  19. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768...165.768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location...Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base, including portions of the...

  20. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768...165.768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location...Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base, including portions of the...