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1

Apple: Mac OS X Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 16th, 1999, Apple computer made two announcements that indicate radical changes in the direction of its OS. One of these announcements was the release of Mac OS X Server, billed as "the first modern operating system" ever shipped by Apple. Based on BSD Unix and the Mach kernel, it includes standard Unix features such as protected memory, pre-emptive multitasking, and full process management, as well as NetBoot a new type of client-server architecture.

2

Mac OS X 10.1 Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Apple released an update to its Mac OS X operating system. The update brought marked performance enhancements and several new features, such as data CD and DVD burning as well as DVD playback; Audio CD burning was added in an earlier update.

2001-01-01

3

Mac06: The POSIX compatible OS for MacOS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mac06 (pronounced "Mac oh six") is a POSIX-compatible environment (library and a system kernel) for the MacOS. Its features include a UNIX-like file system using HFS with full Finder integration; POSIX libc.a and #include headers; a curses library; a POSIX shell; many basic UNIX commands, such as cd, cat, find, fgrep, etc.; a software development environment; and sockets for TCP/IP. Mac06 is a useful environment for learning UNIX as it runs as an application on top of the MacOS, allowing the user to switch between UNIX and the MacOS without rebooting. Currently at version 0.99, Mac06 will become a shareware application costing 20 dollars at its 1.0 release.

4

Mac OS X : Tiger edition the missing manual  

E-print Network

You can set your watch to it: As soon as Apple comes out with another version of Mac OS X, David Pogue hits the streets with another meticulous Missing Manual to cover it with a wealth of detail. The new Mac OS X 10.4, better known as Tiger, is faster than its predecessors, but nothing's too fast for Pogue and Mac OS X: The Missing Manual. There are many reasons why this is the most popular computer book of all time. With its hallmark objectivity, the Tiger Edition thoroughly explores the latest features to grace the Mac OS. Which ones work well and which do not? What should you look for? Th

Pogue, David

2005-01-01

5

Capillary Pressure - Mac OS 10.7  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computer program for Mac OS 10.7 to illustrate the vascular control of capillary hydrostatic pressure. Possible simulations include arteriolar vasoconstriction and dilation, venous obstruction, hypotension, reflex vasoconstriction, etc.

2004-10-01

6

Mac OS Runtime for Java (MRJ) 2.1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earlier this week, Apple released a major upgrade to the Mac OS Runtime for Java engine, bringing it into compliance with version 1.1.6 of Sun's Java Development Kit (JDK). Incorporation of Symatec Corporation's Just In Time (JIT) compiler for Java, as well as improvements in the handling of graphics, imaging, threading, and networking increase the speed of MRJ 2.1 by up to 500% over previous versions. This release makes Java on the Mac compatible with most current Java technologies, including JavaBeans, the JAR File Format, Java Database Connectivity, Java Native Interface, and a host of others. Additionally, support for AppleScript, QuickTime, and Swing are included. Users of Internet Explorer stand to benefit the most from this release, as Explorer allows the user to choose which Java Virtual Machine they would like to use.

7

Cisco JABBER sign in CiscoJABBERQuickReferenceApple/Mac  

E-print Network

Cisco JABBER sign in CiscoJABBERQuickReference­Apple/Mac UCSF Cisco JABBER Video Conferencing for Macintosh Cisco JABBER allows you to make and receive video calls from your laptop or desktop to other UCSF users. (Cisco Movi was rebranded to Cisco JABBER and users who already have a Movi account would need

Derisi, Joseph

8

MacOS 8.5 Application Switcher Settings: AppSwitcher Control  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With MacOS 8.5, Apple introduced a number of user interface enhancements. One new feature is the ability to "tear-off" the Application menu and display it in its own small, floating window (called the Application Switcher). Users can modify the Application Switcher's appearance via AppleScript, but for those of you wary of writing scripts, freeware authors have written small applications that allow you to perform the customization through a user-friendly interface. These applications allow you to customize both the appearance of the Application Switcher (e.g., window border, orientation, sort order) and the keystrokes for switching between applications.

9

MacOS 8.5 Application Switcher Settings: Switcher Setter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With MacOS 8.5, Apple introduced a number of user interface enhancements. One new feature is the ability to "tear-off" the Application menu and display it in its own small, floating window (called the Application Switcher). Users can modify the Application Switcher's appearance via AppleScript, but for those of you wary of writing scripts, freeware authors have written small applications that allow you to perform the customization through a user-friendly interface. These applications allow you to customize both the appearance of the Application Switcher (e.g., window border, orientation, sort order) and the keystrokes for switching between applications.

10

MacOS 8.5 Application Switcher Settings: Switcher PowerUp  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With MacOS 8.5, Apple introduced a number of user interface enhancements. One new feature is the ability to "tear-off" the Application menu and display it in its own small, floating window (called the Application Switcher). Users can modify the Application Switcher's appearance via AppleScript, but for those of you wary of writing scripts, freeware authors have written small applications that allow you to perform the customization through a user-friendly interface. These applications allow you to customize both the appearance of the Application Switcher (e.g., window border, orientation, sort order) and the keystrokes for switching between applications.

11

Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac OS X  

E-print Network

Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac OS X User Guide D14733.03 April 2011 Software version 4.2.0.10318 #12;Cisco TelePresence Movi for Mac User Guide (4.2) Page 2 of 20 Contents Getting started 4 Signing Deleting call information 12 Closing Movi 13 Closing and reopening the control window 13 #12;Cisco Tele

Derisi, Joseph

12

Einrichtung VPN Cisco AnyConnect MacOS X  

E-print Network

Einrichtung VPN Cisco AnyConnect ­ MacOS X #12;Cisco AnyConnect unter MacOS X09.12.2009 vpn-support@rrze.uni-erlangen.de 2 Cisco AnyConnect Voraussetzungen zur Nutzung von Cisco Anyconnect Um eine VPN-Verbindung aufbauen Administratorrechte zur Installation des Clients Installationsmöglichkeiten von Cisco Anyconnect Installation über

Fiebig, Peter

13

Integrated, Kerberized Login on MacOS X  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Context for this information. MacOS X login process and available hooks. Authorization Services configuration. Authorization Services plug-in s. Kerberos plug-in s. Other bugs and recommendations. Authorization Services Called by loginwindow, screen saver and fast user switching. It calls Directory Services, Login Hook, and Login Items (System Preferences).

Hotz, Henry B.

2006-01-01

14

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad motriz Mac Os X Snow Leopard  

E-print Network

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad motriz Mac Os X Snow Leopard ASIC ­ 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pág. 1 de 9 GUÍA DE ACCESIBILIDAD PARA PERSONAS CON DEBILIDAD MOTRIZ EN ENTORNO MAC OS X SNOW para personas con debilidad motriz Mac Os X Snow Leopard ASIC ­ 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pág. 2 de 9

Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

15

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad auditiva Mac OS X Snow Leopard  

E-print Network

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad auditiva Mac OS X Snow Leopard ASIC ­ 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pág. 1 de 14 GUÍA DE ACCESIBILIDAD PARA PERSONAS CON DEBILIDAD AUDITIVA EN ENTORNO MAC OS X SNOW LEOPARD MAC OS X Snow Leopard ofrece algunas ayudas para personas sordas o con problemas para escuchar

Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

16

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad visual Mac OS X Snow Leopard  

E-print Network

Accesibilidad para personas con debilidad visual Mac OS X Snow Leopard ASIC ­ 18 de noviembre de 2010 Pág. 1 de 25 GUÍA DE ACCESIBILIDAD PARA PERSONAS CON DEBILIDAD VISUAL EN ENTORNO MAC OS X SNOW LEOPARD Al igual que otros sistemas operativos, MAC OS X Snow Leopard ofrece algunas ayudas para que las

Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

17

1 | P a g e Student Remote Printing on Mac OS X  

E-print Network

1 | P a g e Student Remote Printing on Mac OS X Student Remote Printing on Mac OS X Pharos is the service that allows students to print from a wireless configured notebook to any printer in the Norfolk downloading, installing and using the Pharos print client. Please note: Printers are not set to Duplex

18

Reliable Acquisition of RAM Dumps from Intel-Based Apple Mac Computers over FireWire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RAM content acquisition is an important step in live forensic analysis of computer systems. FireWire offers an attractive way to acquire RAM content of Apple Mac computers equipped with a FireWire connection. However, the existing techniques for doing so require substantial knowledge of the target computer configuration and cannot be used reliably on a previously unknown computer in a crime scene. This paper proposes a novel method for acquiring RAM content of Apple Mac computers over FireWire, which automatically discovers necessary information about the target computer and can be used in the crime scene setting. As an application of the developed method, the techniques for recovery of AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) conversation fragments from RAM dumps are also discussed in this paper.

Gladyshev, Pavel; Almansoori, Afrah

19

Yahoo! Messenger for MacOS: Beta Version  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yahoo has released a Mac Beta version of its popular chat client. While short on pizazz, the Messenger still has all the basic features: a friends list, invisible mode, and an ignore list. It also offers quick and simple access to the Yahoo member directory.

20

a PC Microsoft Windows Linux FreeBSD MacOS  

E-print Network

Microsoft Windows Linux FreeBSD MacOS b PC Web World Wide Web a a i #12; a 10 b Web a b 17 http://www.waseda.jp/zaimu/main_kessan/keisan_05/syouhi05.pdf 1 a a ii #12; style Web OHP a PC World Wide Web a 2012/2/15 iii #12;(MNC.4 World Wide Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2

Kasahara, Hironori

21

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions, please  

E-print Network

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10, select System Preferences. Navigate to Print & Fax 3. Click the plus (+) to add a printer 4. The Add: Another Device · Print Using: Generic PostScript Printer 11.The parameters for the Name and URL fields

de Lijser, Peter

22

INSTALLING PYTHON 3.2.3 ON MAC OS X (10.6, 10.7, and 10.8) 1. Visit python.org/download/ and download the Mac installer. It will be called  

E-print Network

INSTALLING PYTHON 3.2.3 ON MAC OS X (10.6, 10.7, and 10.8) 1. Visit python.org/download/ and download the Mac installer. It will be called Python 3.2.3 Mac OS X 64-bit/32-bit x86-64/i386 Installer. 2 saved it to) and double-click to mount it. It will be named python-3.2.3-macosx10.6.dmg. The disk image

Stephenson, Ben

23

www.city.ac.uk/wifi Wireless Network Connection Instructions Mac OS X (10.7/10.8)  

E-print Network

www.city.ac.uk/wifi Wireless Network Connection Instructions ­ Mac OS X (10.7/10.8) For advanced "Turn Airport Off. 2. Click on the icon once again and select "Open Network Preferences..." 3. Select Wi-Fi and under Status turn on Wi-Fi. 4. Select "Network Name:" eduroam and click connect. 5. Under "Mode:" Select

Weyde, Tillman

24

www.city.ac.uk/wifi Wireless Network Connection Instructions Mac OS X (10.5/10.6)  

E-print Network

www.city.ac.uk/wifi Wireless Network Connection Instructions ­ Mac OS X (10.5/10.6) For advanced to Verify Certificate click on "Continue", it might prompt for your machine password to store password authentication · Do not use local computer username/password · 802.1x user authentication

Weyde, Tillman

25

ITK Image IO Interface with Apple iOS Release 1.00  

E-print Network

Welcome 4-H Pledge & Wheel of Life Benefits of Microwave Cooking Quiche Baked Apple Awesome Apples minutes 10 minutes # 6 Meal in a Microwave Oven Awesome Apples Experiment 4-H Youth Check In 4-H Time & Wheel of Life Fruits Apple Crisp Fruit Freeze 4-H Foods Demonstration- Fruit Fondue Nutrition and food

Hamarneh, Ghassan

26

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: These instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions please see the Student Genius Corner.  

E-print Network

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: These instructions will work on OS X 10 Genius Corner. Wireless printing is currently not available on OS X Lion 1 Information Technology on Print & Fax 4. Click + to add a printer. 5. The Add Printer window will appear #12;Wireless Printing

de Lijser, Peter

27

In Lieu of Swap: Analyzing Compressed RAM in Mac OS X  

E-print Network

;p://www.highisomusic.com Rock stars. Heavy Metal. Earplugs. #12;Forensics, Features, Privacy · New OS registry Print spool files HibernaOon files Temp files Log files Slack space files · Network connections · Volatile registry contents · Volatile application data · Other OS

Richard III, Golden G.

28

The Future of the Mac and the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reporting from the Macworld conference Pete DeVries, Internet Tools Specialist for the Internet Scout Project, describes the challenges facing Apple and the successes it has already had. This is an excellent overview of how Mac OS 7 compares to Windows and Linux operating systems.

Devries, Pete.

1997-01-01

29

Action GoMac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Action GoMac, the anchor and most useful of the four new Action Utilities (Action Menus, Action GoMac, Action WYSIWYG, and Action Files), offers a start menu, task bar, and clock tray quite similar to those in Windows. However, GoMac allows customization and integration with a variety of Mac OS features. In addition to featuring drag-and-drop functionality for adding items to the start menu, GoMac allows the placement of control strip modules in the clock tray area. GoMac also features "command-tab" application switching much like Windows. Users can download a 30-day demo of GoMac and the other Action Utilities. The full version is $39.95 on CD-ROM or $29.95 for the Web version. Requirements: Mac OS System 7.6 or later.

30

Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals  

E-print Network

1 Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC that helps achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research Subcommittee (MARS) established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple

31

Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals  

E-print Network

Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC) announces achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research Subcommittee (MARS) established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple

32

Analog: Fast, Professional, Freeware WWW Logfile Analysis for Unix, PCs, NT, Mac, VMS and RiscOS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Analog, provided by Stephen R. E. Turner of the Statistical Laboratory at Cambridge University, is a free server log analysis tool for UNIX, PC, NT, Mac, VMS and RISC-based operating systems. This program runs using a script that can be edited to serve specific needs. There are over 180 options to produce 17 different reports in several languages. Analog is capable of analyzing certain days or hosts, the number of requests for pages only (without counting separate hits for images), hits by the hour, day, week, or month, and user information such as domains, browsers, referrers, and more. The HTML report output is graphical and interactive. The only downfall is that the HTML output design cannot be customized; for example, the default background color cannot be changed nor can tables be added. Analog is an efficient, easily installed tool, and well worth trying.

Turner, Stephen.

1997-01-01

33

Mac Goes Retail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday, Apple Computer unveiled its plans to construct 25 retail stores across the US this year in an effort to increase its share of personal computer users, which currently stands at about five percent. The first two stores opened May 15 in McLean, Virginia (also home of the CIA) and in the Los Angeles area. Apple hopes that the stores will build brand awareness, demonstrate to consumers the range of accessories and software available for Mac, and serve as a corrective to the marginalization of Macs in many retail stores. While the announcement has been met with guarded praise by some analysts, others have expressed serious doubts, especially given the recent drop in PC sales and Gateway's decision to close 40 percent of its retail stores.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

34

Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals  

E-print Network

1 Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC subcommittee established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple Committee realize its mission by enhancing the reputation of Michigan Apples, improve their share of sales in target

Douches, David S.

35

Revised: 4.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 1 of 4 You can download the mobile app for Blackboard Collaborate in the App Store on your Apple  

E-print Network

Revised: 4.5.2013 Bb9: Blackboard Collaborate App for iOS p. 1 of 4 You can download the mobile app. Click Blackboard, or open the Blackboard Mobile Learn app and log in. ` 9. Log in to Blackboard for Blackboard Collaborate in the App Store on your Apple device. 1.Search for Blackboard Collaborate

Qiu, Weigang

36

The Mac: A CNet Topic Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the introduction of the powerful G3 line, the warm reception of the innovative iMac, and two new OS's on the way, some computer industry analysts believe that the Mac may indeed be back. In response to the new found interest in the Mac CNet.com has introduced a new special topic center. Mac veterans, new users, or those considering trading in their PCs will find numerous items of interest at the site. Features include Mac News, resources and information on OS 8.5 and OS X, reviews of the iMac and several G3 machines, useful downloads, and price checks. Users will also find links to a variety of other Mac resources and Mac fan sites.

1999-01-01

37

MacResponder 1.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With summer in full swing, many individuals may be concerned about their ability to respond to emails while on vacation. For those persons, MacResponder 1.0 may be a handy and useful application. Fully customizable, MacResponder is an automated email responder that works with multiple email accounts and also features rule-based settings to customize what is sent. MacResponder 1.0 is compatible with all systems running Mac OS X and higher.

38

Mac FixIt Guides  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The iFixIt guides are extremely helpful to computer repair technicians who would like to be able to fix Apple brand computers as well as PCs. The guides included on the site are mainly dedicated to Apple laptops, including MacBooks, PowerBooks, and iBooks, but also include a few guides pertaining to the Mac Mini. There are numerous guides to choose from, all organized by computer type, computer specifications, and what the repairperson would like to accomplish. The guides are extremely easy to follow and contain detailed pictures and diagrams, which are very helpful. Most of the guides are also downloadable. The guides include lists of tools and links to purchase the tools if the user doesn�t have them. All of the information on iFixIt is free and no login is required.

2006-12-31

39

Analog for the Mac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In addition to providing any number of web servicing capabilities, web servers are excellent at generating huge log files containing the details of their every activity. Analyzing these logs by hand is not practical. Fortunately, Stephen Turner has written Analog, a fast, freely-available, configurable tool for automatically analyzing log files. Jason T. Linhart, author of the shareware log analysis tool, Summary, has ported Analog to the MacOS.

40

MacDICT 2.8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handy little application gives users the ability to quickly connect with eleven databases while online, including _Webster's Dictionary_ and the _World FactBook_. Additionally, MacDICT 2.8 provides access to translation services on the Web for over ten languages. The application also allows for access to Wikipedia, the multilingual, open content, Web-based encyclopedia. This version of MacDICt is compatible with all systems running Mac OS X and higher.

41

Self?admitted pretensions of Mac users on a predominantly PC university campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present qualitative research study addressed the overall research question of college students pretention dynamics in the context of a university setting. Thirty?five Mac users were interviewed on a university campus that exclusively supports PC machines. Mac users shared four self?admitted pretensions related to using Macintosh computers. First, participants asserted that Apple brand computers set social trends and that owning

Michael W. Firmin; Whitney L. Muhlenkamp Wood; Ruth L. Firmin; Jordan C. Wood

2010-01-01

42

Why K-12 IT Managers and Administrators Are Embracing the Intel-Based Mac  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past year, Apple has dramatically increased its share of the school computer marketplace--especially in the category of notebook computers. A recent study conducted by Grunwald Associates and Rockman et al. reports that one of the major reasons for this growth is Apple's introduction of the Intel processor to the entire line of Mac

Technology & Learning, 2007

2007-01-01

43

NewsMac 3.1.3  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Individuals who seek to take control of the vast news sources on the Web will definitely want to take a look at the latest version of NewsMac offered here. The application allows visitors to bring together all of their favorite news sites into one place, along with performing full-text keyword searches. Of course, users can also synch all of this material up with their iPod devices as well. The rather sleek and well-designed interface is another highlight of this application. NewsMac 3.1.3 is compatible with all operating systems running Mac OS X 10.3 or later.

44

Texas Apples.  

E-print Network

?coe ~ TAL45.7 ~o73 10.1294 Extension Service? The Texas A&M University System? Daniel C. Pfannstiei. Director? College Station, Texas texas apples B1294 CONTENTS Soi I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3 Orchard Establ ishment.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8 Fe rt iii za t ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 Water Management. .... . .... 10 Weed ControL .............. 11 TEXAS APPLES Bobby D. Reeder and George Ray McEachern* Interest in commercial apple culture has spread across Texas...

Reeder, Bobby D.; McEachern, George Ray

1980-01-01

45

WinAmp for Mac 0.71 Alpha  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extremely popular free .mp3 player is now available in a Mac version. The Mac version looks very much like the Windows one, with player controls, a graphical equalizer, and play-list editor. It also supports SHOUTcast radio. Please remember that this is an Alpha version, which means it is still being tested and may contain bugs. System requirements are a PowerPC Mac with system 8.5 or later (but not OS X).

2001-01-01

46

SeisMac 2.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SeisMac is a free Mac OS X application that turns MacBook or MacBook Pro laptops into seismographs. It uses the Sudden Motion Sensor (accelerometer) that these machines are equipped with to create and display real-time, three-axis acceleration graphs (seismograms). The resizable, real-time scrolling display lets students see the seismic waves from tapping their toes on the floor, lay the laptop on their chests to see their heartbeats, or see seismic waves from real earthquakes. The software allows users to pause the display to study an event; scroll back in time to see older data; enlarge or contract the graph, both vertically and horizontally; and copy, print or save the screen. Time labels tell exactly when an event occurred, the sampling rate can be adjusted, and acceleration data can be smoothed. The site features a link to download the software and a link to help files for installing and using it.

47

APPLE - Overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment (APPLE) is India's first experimental geostationary communication satellite, and incorporates such state-of-the-art technologies as three-axis stabilization by means of a momentum bias system, deployable solar panels, and orbit transfer/orbit attitude control and propulsion systems. The APPLE spacecraft has operated more than 6000 hours during 1981-1983, conducting digital communications technology experiments. Operations were terminated in September 1983, after 27 months on orbit, upon depletion of onboard fuel.

Vasagam, R. M.

1983-11-01

48

Introduction to MAC CRM training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author introduces the Military Airlift Command (MAC) and its mission. A brief history of Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) as it relates to MAC is given. He also states why MAC is currently interested in CRM.

Brown, Donald D.

1987-01-01

49

Newton's Apple  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isaac Newton may have seen an apple fall, but it was Robert Hooke who had a better idea of where it would land. No one really knows whether or not Isaac Newton actually saw an apple fall in his garden. Supposedly it took place in 1666, but it was a tale he told in his old age more than 60 years later, a time when his memory was failing and his recollections of events did not always match known facts. However, one thing is certain-falling objects were to play a key part in Newton's eventual understanding of how objects move.

Hendry, Archibald W.

2007-05-01

50

The Network Advantage in Education for the Apple Macintosh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Waterloo MacJANET," a local area network developed by the University of Waterloo for the Apple Macintosh computer, provides an environment appropriate for developing students' computer-related skills, minimizing both the human and the computing resources needed to support such courses. The system also serves as an efficient distributor of a

Durance, Carl M.; Fenton, Shirley L.

1986-01-01

51

NewsMac 3.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's hard to slog through the mass of websites dedicated to websites, especially with limited time. One such application designed to aid users in this process is News Mac 3.0, which is a news aggregator that contains over 120 built-in news feeds, effectively giving users both headlines and story descriptions for quick perusal. Additionally, users can add any news website or weblog (provided that they offer an RSS feed), and create customized categories of news as well. Finally, visitors can synchronize these news feeds with their PDA's, including the iPod. NewsMac 3.0 is compatible with all systems running Mac OS X 10.2 and higher.

52

TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for real-time high-data-rate sensor networks  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Earlier sensor network MAC protocols focus on energy conservation in low-duty cycle applications, while some recent applications involve real-time high-data-rate signals. This motivates us to design an innovative localized TDMA MAC protocol to achieve high throughput and low congestion in data collection sensor networks, besides energy conservation. TreeMAC divides a time cycle into frames and each frame into slots. A parent node determines the children's frame assignment based on their relative bandwidth demand, and each node calculates its own slot assignment based on its hop-count to the sink. This innovative 2-dimensional frame-slot assignment algorithm has the following nice theory properties. First, given any node, at any time slot, there is at most one active sender in its neighborhood (including itself). Second, the packet scheduling with TreeMAC is bufferless, which therefore minimizes the probability of network congestion. Third, the data throughput to the gateway is at least 1/3 of the optimum assuming reliable links. Our experiments on a 24-node testbed show that TreeMAC protocol significantly improves network throughput, fairness, and energy efficiency compared to TinyOS's default CSMA MAC protocol and a recent TDMA MAC protocol Funneling-MAC. Partial results of this paper were published in Song, Huang, Shirazi and Lahusen [W.-Z. Song, R. Huang, B. Shirazi, and R. Lahusen, TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for high-throughput and fairness in sensor networks, in: The 7th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom, March 2009]. Our new contributions include analyses of the performance of TreeMAC from various aspects. We also present more implementation detail and evaluate TreeMAC from other aspects. ?? 2009 Elsevier B.V.

Song, W.-Z.; Huang, R.; Shirazi, B.; LaHusen, R.

2009-01-01

53

MacKenzieMcAbee  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Headlines Pediatric Oncology Branch Home > Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals > Profiles > MacKenzie McAbee Headline Title Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals MacKenzie McAbee MacKenzie McAbee First Name: MacKenzie Last

54

Well Connected Mac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Well Connected Mac aims to be a single entry point to all Macintosh resources on the Web. Check for software, online journals, product reviews, full hypertext versions of several Macintosh FAQ lists and more.

55

MacArthur Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MacArthur Foundation Gopher includes general information about the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, such as how to apply for grants, the names of staff members, and the history of the Foundation. It also includes information specific to each of the Foundation's eight program areas, such as recent program activities, application guidelines, contact information, and a listing of grants made in the previous calendar year.

56

MacTelnet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The popular NCSA Telnet application for the Mac is available for free download. This easy-to-use program allows users to configure and run an FTP server on their machine, connect to remote hosts, and emulate a variety of hosts. Updated versions include bug fixes, an enhanced user interface, and speedier operation. Users can learn more about MacTelnet and download the program at the site.

57

TreeMAC: Localized TDMA MAC protocol for real-time high-data-rate sensor networks  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Earlier sensor network MAC protocols focus on energy conservation in low-duty cycle applications, while some recent applications involve real-time high-data-rate signals. This motivates us to design an innovative localized TDMA MAC protocol to achieve high throughput and low congestion in data collection sensor networks, besides energy conservation. TreeMAC divides a time cycle into frames and frame into slots. Parent determines children's frame assigmnent based on their relative bandwidth demand, and each node calculates its own slot assignment based on its hop-count to the sink. This innovative 2-dimensional frame-slot assignment algorithm has the following nice theory properties. Firstly, given any node, at any time slot, there is at most one active sender in its neighborhood (includ ing itself). Secondly, the packet scheduling with TreelMAC is bufferless, which therefore minimizes the probability of network congestion. Thirdly, the data throughput to gateway is at least 1/3 of the optimum assuming reliable links. Our experiments on a 24 node test bed demonstrate that TreeMAC protocol significantly improves network throughput and energy efficiency, by comparing to the TinyOS's default CSMA MAC protocol and a recent TDMA MAC protocol Funneling-MAC[8]. ?? 2009 IEEE.

Song, W.-Z.; Huang, R.; Shirazi, B.; Husent, R.L.

2009-01-01

58

Apple Fruit Salad Ingredients  

E-print Network

Apple Fruit Salad Ingredients: 2 Golden Delicious apples 2 Red Delicious apples 2 banana 1 1/2 cups Directions 1. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core. Then cut each piece in half again

Liskiewicz, Maciej

59

Carrot Apple Salad Ingredients  

E-print Network

Carrot Apple Salad Ingredients: 4 carrots 2 apples, finely chopped 1/2 cup crushed pineapple in water, drained 2 tablespoons apple juice, frozen concentrate Directions 1. Wash carrots and use a grater to shred into small pieces. Add to medium bowl. 2. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through

Liskiewicz, Maciej

60

Buenos Apple Nachos Ingredients  

E-print Network

Buenos Apple Nachos Ingredients: 1 apple 3 strawberries 1 tablespoon peanut butter 1 tablespoon vanilla low-fat yogurt Directions 1. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core of strawberries. Slice into thin slic- es, and spread on top of apples. 3. Put peanut butter in a small micro

Liskiewicz, Maciej

61

Macworld: iMac Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mac Publishing LLC has created this site, which aims to be a clearinghouse of information about the new iMac computer. At present, the site contains review and tutorial articles, news, and links to other iMac information sources.

1999-01-01

62

Recent results from MAC  

SciTech Connect

Some preliminary results from the MAC detector at PEP are presented. These include measurements of the angular distribution of ..gamma gamma.., ..mu mu.. and tau tau final states, a determination of the tau lifetime, a measurement of R, and a presentation of the inclusive muon p/sub perpendicular/ distribution for hadronic events.

MAC Collaboration

1982-05-01

63

Millisecond timing on PCs and Macs.  

PubMed

A real-time, object-oriented solution for displaying stimuli on Windows 95/98, MacOS and Linux platforms is presented. The program, written in C++, utilizes a special-purpose window class (GLWindow), OpenGL, and 32-bit graphics acceleration; it avoids display timing uncertainty by substituting the new window class for the default window code for each system. We report the outcome of tests for real-time capability across PC and Mac platforms running a variety of operating systems. The test program, which can be used as a shell for programming real-time experiments and testing specific processors, is available at http://www.cs.dal.ca/~macinnwj. We propose to provide researchers with a sense of the usefulness of our program, highlight the ability of many multitasking environments to achieve real time, as well as caution users about systems that may not achieve real time, even under optimal conditions. PMID:11447670

MacInnes, W J; Taylor, T L

2001-05-01

64

(2/3) + (1/3) ECC Mac OS X  

E-print Network

/100.0) ** 2 => 26.5957446808511 w=w10 #12;irb · P · B · F · · D · #12; BMI irb(main):003:0> def bmi(height , weight ) irb(main):004:1> weight / (height/100.0) ** 2 irb(main):005:1> end => nil irb(main):007:0> bmi(188.0, 104.0) => 29.4250792213671 irb(main):008:0> 1.1*bmi(174.0, 119.0 * 0

Hagiya, Masami

65

Microsoft vs. Apple: Resilience against Distributed Denial-of-Service Attacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both Microsoft's Windows 7 and Apple's Snow Leopard operating systems claim to provide users with a safer and more reliable environment, but no work has evaluated and compared their resilience against common DDoS attack traffic. The authors compare the effect of this type of attack traffic on both systems installed on the same iMac hardware platform under the same network

Sanjeev Kumar; Sirisha Surisetty

2012-01-01

66

MAC^3: Vectors Worksheet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a worksheet on the topic of vectors for beginning physics students. It was developed as a companion to the lecture presentations by the same authors (see Related Items on this page for a link.) A primary goal of the full instructional unit is to help physics and calculus students differentiate the uses of vectors for physics vs. mathematics, a difficulty known as the "vector calculus gap". This resource is part of a collection developed by the NSF-funded Mathematics Across the Community College Curriculum (MAC 3).

Friesen, Larry; Gillis, Anne

2008-12-22

67

OS-MAC: An Efficient MAC Protocol for Spectrum-Agile Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless networks and devices have been rapidly gaining popularity over their wired counterparts. This popularity, in turn, has been generating an explosive and ever-increasing demand for, and hence creating a shortage of, the radio spectrum. Existing studies indicate that this foreseen spectrum shortage is not so much due to the scarcity of the radio spectrum, but due to the inefficiency

Bechir Hamdaoui; Kang G. Shin

2008-01-01

68

EISCAT observations during MAC/SINE and MAC/Epsilon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The EISCAT incoherent scatter radar facility in Tromsoe, Norway was operated during the MAC/SINE campaign for 78 hours in the period 10 June to 17 July 1987, and during the MAC/Epsilon campaign for 90 hours in the period 15 October to 5 November 1987. The VHF (224 MHz) radar operations during MAC/SINE yielded most interesting observations of strong coherent echoes from the mesopause region. Characteristic data of these polar mesospheric summer echoes are presented. The UHF (933 MHz) radar operations during MAC/Epsilon were done with 18 deg off zenith beam and allows the deduction of meridonal and horizontal wind components as well as radial velocity spectra in addition to the usual electron density profiles in the D and lower E regions. Some results from the VHF and UHF radars indicating the presence of gravity waves are examined.

Roettger, J.; Hoppe, U.-P.; Hall, C.

1989-01-01

69

The Apple IIc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Description of the portable Apple IIc includes its flat panel display; a new microprocessor, the 65CO2; its new design language; layout; documentation, including interactive tutorials; software support; and cost. Apple IIc's competitors and its new printer, the Scribe, are also discussed. (MBR)

Freiberger, Paul

1984-01-01

70

Apple Cinnamon Crisp Ingredients  

E-print Network

cinnamon 1/4 cup water 4 apples 1 cup quick cooking oats 1/4 cup brown sugar, packed 2 tablespoonsApple Cinnamon Crisp Ingredients: 1/4 cup brown sugar, packed 1 tablespoon flour 1/2 teaspoon spray. Set aside. 2. Pack brown sugar in 1/4 cup measuring cup until level. Add to mixing bowl. Add

Liskiewicz, Maciej

71

Cran-Apple Crisp Ingredients  

E-print Network

Cran-Apple Crisp Ingredients: non stick cooking spray 4 apples 16 ounces cranberry sauce, whole 1 and core and chop into thin slices. Add to medium bowl. 3. Open cranberry sauce and add to apples. Mix well sugar and margarine, and mix until well blended. Sprinkle over apple/ cranberry mixture. 6. Cover

Liskiewicz, Maciej

72

Old Fashioned Baked Apples Ingredients  

E-print Network

Old Fashioned Baked Apples Ingredients: 8 large apples, washed & cored 1/3 cup old fashioned oats 1, grated 2 tablespoons lemon juice 1/2 cup honey 1 cup apple juice 4 tablespoons butter whipping cream, chilled or softly whipped Directions: Peel off one strip around the center of each apple. Slice a thin

Bashir, Rashid

73

Skillet Pork and Apples Ingredients  

E-print Network

Skillet Pork and Apples Ingredients: 1 teaspoon cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon black pepper 4 pork loin chops 2 teaspoons olive oil 4 apples 1/3 cup water Directions 1. Combine cinnamon and pepper in a bowl. 3. Wash apples. Leave the skin on the apple and cut in half through the core. Then cut each piece

Liskiewicz, Maciej

74

MacArthur Fellows 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Winners of the MacArthur Fellowship, or "genius grant," are chosen for their originality, independence, and display of promise for future endeavors in their field. This year's 25 winners represent a wide array of pursuits, from comic book art to marine conservation. The MacArthur Foundation offers this site containing biographies of the current Fellows as well as general information about the Fellowship and past winners. The colorful biographies are sure to inspire future geniuses.

75

MAC320 INTRODUC ~AO `A TEORIA DOS GRAFOS INFORMAC ~OES GERAIS  

E-print Network

MAC320 INTRODUC¸ ~AO `A TEORIA DOS GRAFOS INFORMAC¸ ~OES GERAIS Bem-vindos `a edi¸c~ao do 2o. semestre de 2010 de MAC320, Introdu¸c~ao `a Teoria dos Grafos. Esta ´e uma disciplina do Bacharelado em Ci^encia da Computa¸c~ao do IME/USP. Objetivos da disciplina: Estudar os elementos fundamentais da teoria dos

Kohayakawa, Yoshiharu

76

Fiverr MacGyver  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crowdsourcing has become popular over the past years, also for scientific endeavors. There are many Citizen Science projects and crowdfunding platforms, such as Kickstarter, that are make helpful contributions to moving environmental science forward. An interesting underused source of useful crowd-derived contributions to research is the website Fiverr.com. On this platform, thousands of people, acting as small-scale freelance contractors, offer their skills in the form of services. The platform offers a chance for people to take a hobby, skill, or pastime and make it something more by reaching out to a wider audience and by receiving a payment in return for services. As is typical of other crowdsourcing platforms, the tasks are small and usually self contained. As the name Fiverr suggests, offers start at US5 to provide a particular service. Services offered range from graphic design, to messages sung or spoken with various styles or accents, to complete apps for Android or iPhone. Skill providers on the platform can accept a range of variation of definition in the tasks, some can be described in general terms, for others it is more appropriate to provide examples. Fiverr provides a central location for those offering skills and those needing services to find each other, it makes it possible to communicate and exchange files, to make payments, and it provides support for resolving disputes. In all cases, it is important to keep expectations aligned with the nature of the platform: quality can and will vary. Ultimately, the critical contribution of Fiverr is not to replace professional services or otherwise save money, but rather to provide access to a large group of people with specialized skills who are able to make a contribution on short notice. In the context of this session, it can be considered a pool of people with MacGyver skills lying in wait of a MacGyyer task to attack. There are many ways in which Fiverr tasks, which are called 'gigs', can be useful in a scientific context. Some people will make 3D designs; others will print these designs with a 3D printer. Earlier, we used Fiverr to design a logo for the Trans-African Hydro-Meteorological Observatory (TAHMO). Recently, using Fiverr, an app was developed at minimal costs that sends simple csv files with time stamp, location and sensor value at given intervals. In general, interactions with gig providers are very professional. Fiverr.com provides a good recommender system that guides users in finding productive providers. In this poster presentation, we present the results obtained from the most promising Fiverr gigs after an investment of 100 in the field of environmental science, with special emphasis on hydrology. We point out the heuristic value of Fiverr: browsing the available range provides a view on a wide range of practical human skills that are available to solve science challenges, and triggers productive thinking about how to break down a task into smaller practical subtasks that can be solved in a light weight, cost-effective manner.

Hut, Rolf; van de Giesen, Nick; Larson, Martha

2014-05-01

77

The Diminishing Apple  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Upper elementary students cut apples to explore the Earth. The goal of the activity is to teach children about the relatively small proportions of actual drinkable water, habitable land, and productive areas on the Earth.

Kelly, Catherine

2002-02-02

78

42 CFR 423.2130 - Effect of the MAC's decision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Effect of the MAC's decision. 423.2130 Section 423...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2130 Effect of the MAC's decision. The MAC's decision...

2010-10-01

79

Apple Snails (Ampullariidae)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site provides information on apple snails (family Ampullariidae), the largest living freshwater snails on earth, often kept as aquarium pets because of their attractive appearance and size. Topics include the care of apple snails, their anatomy, species and genera, and information on snail pests, embryology, and genetics. There is also a frequently-asked-questions feature, photos, links to web sites and literature, and an online discussion forum.

Ghesquiere, Stijn A.

80

Apples and Oranges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use these activities to practice using information to create and read bar graphs. Go to this website and answer the questions using a bar graph. Play this fun game of bugs in the system, and then record your graphs on the paper provided. Use the following information to create a bar graph of your own. I asked all the students in the class whether they prefered apples or oranges. 12 said apples 9 said oranges 4 said neither Create ...

Korth, Mrs.

2005-10-31

81

Modeling Across the Curriculum (MAC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project aims to demonstrate the effective use of technology to a student-centered, model-based approach to secondary science teaching. Using a variety of computer-based manipulable models and probeware, MAC teaches students how to create, refine, and apply mental models to improve their understanding of science. MAC evaluates student learning through embedded on-line assessments, as well as with conventional pre- and post-test instruments, and scores on standardized assessments. The project will also identify, investigate, and address the barriers to the widespread adoption and long-range sustainability of this approach.

2009-06-19

82

Refurbishing MacIntyre's Account of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to Alasdair MacIntyre's influential account of practices, "teaching itself is not a practice, but a set of skills and habits put to the service of a variety of practices" (MacIntyre and Dunne, 2002, p. 5). Various philosophers of education have responded to and critiqued MacIntyre's position, most notably in a Special Issue of the

Hager, Paul

2011-01-01

83

Tuna Apple Salad Sandwiches Ingredients  

E-print Network

Tuna Apple Salad Sandwiches Ingredients: 6 1/2 ounces tuna in water, canned 1 stalk celery 1 apple Directions 1. Open tuna and squeeze out liquid. Put in a mixing bowl and break up with a fork. 2. Wash celery pieces. 3. Add celery and apple to tuna. Stir well. 4. Add mayonnaise and lemon juice. Stir well. 5

Liskiewicz, Maciej

84

Century Learning through Apple Technology  

E-print Network

21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 ­ 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology. This sets the stage for the remaining two days where educators can learn how to leverage Apple technology

85

Baked Apple Oatmeal Casserole Ingredients  

E-print Network

Baked Apple Oatmeal Casserole Ingredients: Non stick cooking spray 2 apples 2 cups rolled oats 1 to the core. Set aside. 2. Mix oats, baking powder, cinnamon, raisins and brown sugar in a medium size mixing, melted margarine and vanilla to bowl with egg and margarine. Pour milk mixture into oats and apple

Liskiewicz, Maciej

86

Determination of amygdalin in apple seeds, fresh apples and processed apple juices.  

PubMed

Cyanogenic glycosides are natural plant toxicants. Action by endogenous plant enzymes can release hydrogen cyanide causing potential toxicity issues for animals including humans. We have quantified amygdalin in seeds from different apple varieties, determined the effects of processing on the amygdalin content of apple juice and quantified amygdalin in commercially-available apple juices. Amygdalin contents of seeds from fifteen varieties of apples ranged from 1 mg g(-1) to 4 mg g(-1). The amygdalin content of commercially-available apple juice was low, ranging from 0.01 to 0.04 mg ml(-1) for pressed apple juice and 0.001-0.007 mg ml(-1) for long-life apple juice. Processing led to juice with low amygdalin content, ranging from 0.01 mg ml(-1) to 0.08 mg ml(-1). The results presented show that the amygdalin contents of commercially-available apple juices are unlikely to present health problems to consumers. PMID:25306368

Bolarinwa, Islamiyat F; Orfila, Caroline; Morgan, Michael R A

2015-03-01

87

About APPLE II Operation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The operation of an APPLE II based undulator beamline with all its polarization states (linear horizontal and vertical, circular and elliptical, and continous variation of the linear vector) requires an effective description allowing an automated calculation of gap and shift parameter as function of energy and operation mode. The extension of the linear polarization range from 0 to 180 requires 4 shiftable magnet arrrays, permitting use of the APU (adjustable phase undulator) concept. Studies for a pure fixed gap APPLE II for the SLS revealed surprising symmetries between circular and linear polarization modes allowing for simplified operation. A semi-analytical model covering all types of APPLE II and its implementation will be presented.

Schmidt, T.; Zimoch, D.

2007-01-01

88

Making Bags of Apples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 39-slide slideshare presentation students are guided through the process of using repeated reasoning to discover the number of apples in a specific number of bags. This slideshare presentation was developed by the Illustrative Mathematics Project to illustrate CCSS-SMP 8. Throughout the slideshare student and teacher dialogue is presented along with commentary by two observers.

Patricia Herbst

2013-01-01

89

Apple mosaic virus  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple mosaic virus (ApMV), a member of the ilarvirus group, naturally infects Betula, Aesculus, Humulus, and several crop genera in the family Rosaceae (Malus, Prunus, Rosa and Rubus). ApMV was first reported in Rubus in several blackberry and raspberry cultivars in the United States and subsequentl...

90

Apple Hearing Demo Reel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document accompanies the video tape "Apple Hearing Demo Reel" and describes each of the clips onthe tape. The video is not meant to stand alone as a representation of our work. Instead it complements ourpapers and talks by showing material that isn't easily published in journals. We hope that researchers whoare already familiar with our work will benefit from

Malcolm Slaney; Richard F. Lyon

1991-01-01

91

New CBC-MAC Forgery Attacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with a particular type of attack against CBC-MACs, namely forgery attacks, i.e. attacks which enable an unauthorised party to obtain a MAC on a data string. Existing forgery attacks against CBC-MACs\\u000a are briefly reviewed, together with the effectiveness of various countermeasures. This motivates the main part of the paper,\\u000a where a family of new forgery attacks

Karl Brincat; Chris J. Mitchell

2001-01-01

92

SoftMAC: Layer 2.5 Collaborative MAC for Multimedia Support in Multihop Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present the challenges in supporting multimedia, in particular, VoIP services over multihop wireless networks using commercial IEEE 802.11 MAC DCF hardware, and propose a novel software solution, called Layer 2.5 SoftMAC. Our proposed SoftMAC resides between the IEEE 802.11 MAC layer and the IP layer to coordinate the real-time (RT) multimedia and best-effort (BE) data packet

Haitao Wu; Yunxin Liu; Qian Zhang; Zhi-Li Zhang

2007-01-01

93

SoftMAC: Layer 2.5 Collaborative MAC for Multimedia Support in Multihop Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present the challenges in supporting multimedia, in particular, VoIP services over multihop wireless networks using commercial IEEE 802.11 MAC DCF hardware, and propose a novel software solution, called Layer 2.5 SoftMAC. Our proposed SoftMAC resides between the IEEE 802.11 MAC layer and the IP layer to coordinate the real-time (RT) multimedia and best- effort (BE) data

Haitao Wu; Yunxin Liu; Qian Zhang; Zhi-li Zhang

2007-01-01

94

Mac configuration management at the Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) had a need for central configuration management of non-Windows computers. LANL has three to five thousand Macs and an equal number of Linux based systems. The primary goal was to be able to inventory all non-windows systems and patch Mc OS X systems. LANL examined a number of commercial and open source solutions and ultimately selected Puppet. This paper will discuss why we chose Puppet, how we implemented it, and some lessons we learned along the way.

Marcus, Allan B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01

95

Isolation and characterisation of human gingival margin-derived STRO-1/MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell populations.  

PubMed

Recently, gingival margin-derived stem/progenitor cells isolated via STRO-1/magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) showed remarkable periodontal regenerative potential in vivo. As a second-stage investigation, the present study's aim was to perform in vitro characterisation and comparison of the stem/progenitor cell characteristics of sorted STRO-1-positive (MACS(+)) and STRO-1-negative (MACS(-)) cell populations from the human free gingival margin. Cells were isolated from the free gingiva using a minimally invasive technique and were magnetically sorted using anti-STRO-1 antibodies. Subsequently, the MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell fractions were characterized by flow cytometry for expression of CD14, CD34, CD45, CD73, CD90, CD105, CD146/MUC18 and STRO-1. Colony-forming unit (CFU) and multilineage differentiation potential were assayed for both cell fractions. Mineralisation marker expression was examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell fractions showed plastic adherence. MACS(+) cells, in contrast to MACS(-) cells, showed all of the predefined mesenchymal stem/progenitor cell characteristics and a significantly higher number of CFUs (P<0.01). More than 95% of MACS(+) cells expressed CD105, CD90 and CD73; lacked the haematopoietic markers CD45, CD34 and CD14, and expressed STRO-1 and CD146/MUC18. MACS(-) cells showed a different surface marker expression profile, with almost no expression of CD14 or STRO-1, and more than 95% of these cells expressed CD73, CD90 and CD146/MUC18, as well as the haematopoietic markers CD34 and CD45 and CD105. MACS(+) cells could be differentiated along osteoblastic, adipocytic and chondroblastic lineages. In contrast, MACS(-) cells demonstrated slight osteogenic potential. Unstimulated MACS(+) cells showed significantly higher expression of collagen I (P<0.05) and collagen III (P<0.01), whereas MACS(-) cells demonstrated higher expression of osteonectin (P<0.05; Mann-Whitney). The present study is the first to compare gingival MACS(+) and MACS(-) cell populations demonstrating that MACS(+) cells, in contrast to MACS(-) cells, harbour stem/progenitor cell characteristics. This study also validates the effectiveness of the STRO-1/MACS(+) technique for the isolation of gingival stem/progenitor cells. Human free gingival margin-derived STRO-1/MACS(+) cells are a unique renewable source of multipotent stem/progenitor cells.International Journal of Oral Science advance online publication, 26 September 2014; doi:10.1038/ijos.2014.41. PMID:25257881

El-Sayed, Karim M Fawzy; Paris, Sebastian; Graetz, Christian; Kassem, Neemat; Mekhemar, Mohamed; Ungefroren, Hendrick; Fndrich, Fred; Drfer, Christof

2014-09-26

96

42 CFR 423.1974 - Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review. 423.1974 Section 423...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.1974 Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review. An enrollee who is...

2010-10-01

97

Quantum MacWilliams Identities  

E-print Network

We derive a relationship between two different notions of fidelity (entanglement fidelity and average fidelity) for a completely depolarizing quantum channel. This relationship gives rise to a quantum analog of the MacWilliams identities in classical coding theory. These identities relate the weight enumerator of a code to the one of its dual and, with linear programming techniques, provided a powerful tool to investigate the possible existence of codes. The same techniques can be adapted to the quantum case. We give examples of their power.

Peter Shor; Raymond Laflamme

1996-10-25

98

Consumer attitudes towards hypoallergenic apples that alleviate mild apple allergy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of genetically modified (GM) foods with benefits for consumers may be more acceptable than GM foods with benefits that accrue to industry or producers. The Santana apple is a novel hypoallergenic product suitable for many apple allergic consumers with mild symptomology. The Santana also needs fewer pesticides to be applied in production. A survey was conducted among consumers

Martijn F. Schenk; Marinus P. van der Maas; Marinus J. M. Smulders; Luud J. W. J. Gilissen; Arnout R. H. Fischer; Ivo A. van der Lans; Evert Jacobsen; Lynn J. Frewer

2011-01-01

99

The domestication and evolutionary ecology of apples.  

PubMed

The cultivated apple is a major fruit crop in temperate zones. Its wild relatives, distributed across temperate Eurasia and growing in diverse habitats, represent potentially useful sources of diversity for apple breeding. We review here the most recent findings on the genetics and ecology of apple domestication and its impact on wild apples. Genetic analyses have revealed a Central Asian origin for cultivated apple, together with an unexpectedly large secondary contribution from the European crabapple. Wild apple species display strong population structures and high levels of introgression from domesticated apple, and this may threaten their genetic integrity. Recent research has revealed a major role of hybridization in the domestication of the cultivated apple and has highlighted the value of apple as an ideal model for unraveling adaptive diversification processes in perennial fruit crops. We discuss the implications of this knowledge for apple breeding and for the conservation of wild apples. PMID:24290193

Cornille, Amandine; Giraud, Tatiana; Smulders, Marinus J M; Roldn-Ruiz, Isabel; Gladieux, Pierre

2014-02-01

100

Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03  

E-print Network

Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Amanda Etches-Johnson Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 14, 2006 #12;Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Olga Perkovic Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 21, 2006 #12;Economics

Haykin, Simon

101

Intrathecal Veratridine Administration Increases MAC in Rats  

PubMed Central

Background Results from several studies point to sodium channels as potential mediators of the immobility produced by inhaled anesthetics. We hypothesized that the intrathecal administration of veratridine, a drug that enhances the activity or effect of sodium channels, should increase MAC. Methods We measured the change in isoflurane MAC caused by intrathecal infusion of various concentrations of veratridine into the lumbothoracic subarachnoid space of rats. We compared these result to those obtained from intracerebroventricular infusion. Results As predicted, intrathecal infusion of veratridine increased MAC. The greatest infused concentration (25 ?M) also produced neuronal injury in the hind limbs of two rats and decreased the peak effect on MAC. A concentration of 1.6 ?M produced the greatest (21%) increase in MAC. Intraventricular infusion of 1.6 and 6.4 ?M veratridine did not alter MAC. Rats given 25 ?M died. Conclusion Intrathecal administration of veratradine increases MAC of isoflurane, a finding consistent with a role for sodium channels as potential mediators of the immobility produced by inhaled anesthetics. Implications Intrathecal administration of veratridine can increase MAC, presumably by an effect on sodium channels. PMID:18713899

Zhang, Yi; Sharma, Manohar; Eger, Edmond I; Laster, Michael J.; Hemmings, Hugh C.; Harris, R. Adron

2008-01-01

102

George MacDonald's Estimate of Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nineteenth-century fantasy writer George MacDonald believed that "it is better to be a child in a green field than a knight of many orders." In this paper, I shall explore the bearing of this high estimate of childhood on spiritual education. MacDonald explores the spirituality of the child in his essay "A Sketch of Individual Development" and

Pridmore, John

2007-01-01

103

Comparison of CSMA based MAC protocols of wireless sensor networks  

E-print Network

Energy conservation has been an important area of interest in Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs). Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols play an important role in energy conservation. In this paper, we describe CSMA based MAC protocols for WSN and analyze the simulation results of these protocols. We implemented S-MAC, T-MAC, B-MAC, B-MAC+, X-MAC, DMAC and Wise-MAC in TOSSIM, a simulator which unlike other simulators simulates the same code running on real hardware. Previous surveys mainly focused on the classification of MAC protocols according to the techniques being used or problem dealt with and presented a theoretical evaluation of protocols. This paper presents the comparative study of CSMA based protocols for WSNs, showing which MAC protocol is suitable in a particular environment and supports the arguments with the simulation results. The comparative study can be used to find the best suited MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks in different environments.

singh, Himanshu

2012-01-01

104

Apple tree photosynthesis: an introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

An apple orchard can be a very efficient mechanism for harvesting and storing energy in a usable form. The challenge is to define how the genetic, microclimatic, soil, water and cultural practice interactions limit the productive potential of apple plantings and at the same time to look ahead toward increasing the efficiency of the plant to assume continued increases in

1978-01-01

105

Novel Technologies for Processing Apples  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The desire to develop methods to use machine vision to simultaneous inspect apples for quality issues and for contamination has resulted in the development of a number of new technologies for processing apples. First, a number of imaging techniques and detection methods were developed under laborato...

106

Psychographic Segmentation of the Zagreb Apple Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this article is to identify market segments based on psychological traits of consumers in the area of Croatia's capital, Zagreb. In February 2006, a face-to-face survey was conducted on a sample of 426 apple buyers in three Zagreb supermarkets. Buying behaviour, attitudes toward apples, the importance of apple attributes, and the importance of information in buying apples

Damir Kova?i?; Marija Cerjak; Jerko Markovina; Robert ?rep

2010-01-01

107

Apples and Oceans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use an apple as a model to represent the proportions of the Earth that are covered by land and ocean. They will be introduced to the vastness of the one, interconnected ocean, and to the importance of the ocean to all life on Earth. They will also understand the concept that the proportions of habitable area, farmable land, and land with fresh water are very limited and that ocean upwelling areas that allow high biological productivity are also very limited.

108

Antioxidant activity of apple peels.  

PubMed

Consumption of fruits and vegetables has been shown to be effective in the prevention of chronic diseases. These benefits are often attributed to the high antioxidant content of some plant foods. Apples are commonly eaten and are large contributors of phenolic compounds in European and North American diets. The peels of apples, in particular, are high in phenolics. During applesauce and canned apple manufacture, the antioxidant-rich peels of apples are discarded. To determine if a useful source of antioxidants is being wasted, the phytochemical content, antioxidant activity, and antiproliferative activity of the peels of four varieties of apples (Rome Beauty, Idared, Cortland, and Golden Delicious) commonly used in applesauce production in New York state were investigated. The values of the peels were compared to those of the flesh and flesh + peel components of the apples. Within each variety, the total phenolic and flavonoid contents were highest in the peels, followed by the flesh + peel and the flesh. Idared and Rome Beauty apple peels had the highest total phenolic contents (588.9 +/- 83.2 and 500.2 +/- 13.7 mg of gallic acid equivalents/100 g of peels, respectively). Rome Beauty and Idared peels were also highest in flavonoids (306.1 +/- 6.7 and 303.2 +/- 41.5 mg of catechin equivalents/100 g of peels, respectively). Of the four varieties, Idared apple peels had the most anthocyanins, with 26.8 +/- 6.5 mg of cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalents/100 g of peels. The peels all had significantly higher total antioxidant activities than the flesh + peel and flesh of the apple varieties examined. Idared peels had the greatest antioxidant activity (312.2 +/- 9.8 micromol of vitamin C equivalents/g of peels). Apple peels were also shown to more effectively inhibit the growth of HepG(2) human liver cancer cells than the other apple components. Rome Beauty apple peels showed the most bioactivity, inhibiting cell proliferation by 50% at the low concentration of 12.4 +/- 0.4 mg of peels/mL. The high content of phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity, and antiproliferative activity of apple peels indicate that they may impart health benefits when consumed and should be regarded as a valuable source of antioxidants. PMID:12537430

Wolfe, Kelly; Wu, Xianzhong; Liu, Rui Hai

2003-01-29

109

42 CFR 423.2120 - Filing briefs with the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Filing briefs with the MAC. 423.2120 Section 423.2120 Public...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2120 Filing briefs with the MAC. Upon request, the MAC will...

2010-10-01

110

42 CFR 423.2126 - Case remanded by the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Case remanded by the MAC. 423.2126 Section 423.2126 Public...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2126 Case remanded by the MAC. (a) When the MAC may remand a...

2010-10-01

111

Fast arithmetic in MacLISP  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MacLISP provides a compiler which produces numerical code competitive in speed with some FORTRAN implementations and yet compatible with the rest of the MacLISP system. All numerical programs can be run under the MacLISP interpreter. Additional declarations to the compiler specify type information which allows the generation of optimized numerical code which generally does not require the garbage collection of temporary numerical results. Array accesses are almost as fast as in FORTRAN, and permit the use of dynamically allocated arrays of varying dimensions. The implementation decisions regarding user interface, data representations, and interfacing conventions are discussed which allow the generation of fast numerical LISP code.

Steele, G. L., Jr.

1977-01-01

112

Cross-layer MAC design for wireless networks using MIMO  

Microsoft Academic Search

We address the problems of the IEEE 802.11 MAC for wireless networks by designing a MAC protocol jointly with a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technique in the physical layer. We propose a new MAC protocol, mitigating interference using multiple antennas MAC (MIMA-MAC), which mitigates interference from neighboring nodes by employing the spatial multiplexing capability of MIMO. Both theoretical analysis and simulation

Minyoung Park; Soon-Hyeok Choi; Scott M. Nettles

2005-01-01

113

MACS as a tool for international inspections  

SciTech Connect

The MACS/ACRS (Managed Access by Controlled Sensing/Access by Controlled Remote Sensing) system is a collection of communication devices, video capability, and distance-measuring equipment which can effectively substitute for the physical presence of a challenge inspector within a facility. The MACS design allows growth of the prototype, developed in response to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), into a versatile device for inspection of sensitive nuclear facilities under other international arrangements, for example the proposed Fissile Material Cutoff Convention. A MACS/ACRS-type system in a standard, international-recognized configuration could resolve sensitive information and safety concerns through providing a means of achieving the goals of an inspection while excluding the inspector. We believe the technology used to develop MACS for the Defense Nuclear Agency, followed by ACRS for the Department of Energy, is universally adaptable for minimally-intrusive managed-access international inspections of sensitive sites.

Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

1995-08-01

114

User's manual for MacPASCO  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A user's manual is presented for MacPASCO, which is an interactive, graphic, preprocessor for panel design. MacPASCO creates input for PASCO, an existing computer code for structural analysis and sizing of longitudinally stiffened composite panels. MacPASCO provides a graphical user interface which simplifies the specification of panel geometry and reduces user input errors. The user draws the initial structural geometry and reduces user input errors. The user draws the initial structural geometry on the computer screen, then uses a combination of graphic and text inputs to: refine the structural geometry; specify information required for analysis such as panel load and boundary conditions; and define design variables and constraints for minimum mass optimization. Only the use of MacPASCO is described, since the use of PASCO has been documented elsewhere.

Lucas, S. H.; Davis, R. C.

1992-01-01

115

Enzymatic browning reactions in apple and apple products.  

PubMed

This review examines the parameters of enzymatic browning in apple and apple products that is, phenolic compounds, polyphenoloxidases, and other factors (ascorbic acid and peroxidases), both qualitatively and quantitatively. Then the relationships between intensity of browning and the browning parameters are discussed, including a paragraph on the methods used for browning evaluation. Finally, the different methods for the control of browning are presented. PMID:8011143

Nicolas, J J; Richard-Forget, F C; Goupy, P M; Amiot, M J; Aubert, S Y

1994-01-01

116

On Quaternary MacDonald Codes  

E-print Network

This paper studies two families of codes over Z 4 , MacDonald codes of type # and type #. The torsion code, weight distribution, and Gray image properties are studied. Some interesting optimal binary codes are also obtained. Two nonlinear families of binary codes are obtained via the Gray map. Keywords: Codes over rings, Gray image, simplex codes, torsion code, weight distribution, MacDonald codes, projective multiset. 1

Charles Colbourn; Manish K. Gupta

117

MacWorld: Tricks and Tips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Who doesn't want to know about important new tricks and tips for their Mac? For those who would like to know about such useful information, this site offered by MacWorld is a real find. Visitors can browse Today's Top 9 to see recent additions to the site or perform a keyword search to find specific articles. Users can also take advantage of timely tips for iPods (and related accessories), digital cameras, scanners, and printers.

2008-01-01

118

AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past 3 years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

2013-01-01

119

AeroMACS System Characterization and Demonstrations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) is being developed to provide a new broadband wireless communications capability for safety critical communications in the airport surface domain, providing connectivity to aircraft and other ground vehicles as well as connections between other critical airport fixed assets. AeroMACS development has progressed from requirements definition through technology definition, prototype deployment and testing, and now into national and international standards development. The first prototype AeroMACS system has been deployed at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (CLE) and the adjacent NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). During the past three years, extensive technical testing has taken place to characterize the performance of the AeroMACS prototype and provide technical support for the standards development process. The testing has characterized AeroMACS link and network performance over a variety of conditions for both fixed and mobile data transmission and has included basic system performance testing and fixed and mobile applications testing. This paper provides a summary of the AeroMACS performance testing and the status of standardization activities that the testing supports.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Apaza, Rafael D.; Dimond, Robert P.

2013-01-01

120

On the Feasibility of Large-Scale Infections of iOS Devices Tielei Wang, Yeongjin Jang, Yizheng Chen, Simon Chung, Billy Lau, and Wenke Lee  

E-print Network

ID and a password. If the user cannot input the correct Apple ID (i.e., Apple IDA) and the corresponding password, iOS refuses to run the app. In this paper, we show that despite these advanced se to per- sonal computers via USB or Wi-Fi for many reasons, such as backup, restore, syncing, upgrade

Lee, Wenke

121

MAC Layer Hurdles in BSNs  

E-print Network

The last few decades have seen considerable research progress in microelectronics and integrated circuits, system-on-chip design, wireless communication, and sensor technology. This progress has enabled the seamless integration of autonomous wireless sensor nodes around a human body to create a Body Sensor Network (BSN). The development of a proactive and ambulatory BSN induces a number of enormous issues and challenges. This paper presents the technical hurdles during the design and implementation of a low-power Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol for in-body and on-body sensor networks. We analyze the performance of IEEE 802.15.4 protocol for the on-body sensor network. We also provide a comprehensive insight into the heterogeneous characteristics of the in-body sensor network. A low-power technique called Pattern-Based Wake-up Table is proposed to handle the normal traffic in a BSN. The proposed technique provides a reliable solution towards low-power communication in the in-body sensor network.

Ullah, Sana; Choi, Young-Woo; Lee, Hyung-Soo; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2009-01-01

122

An Energy-efficient Rate Adaptive Media Access Protocol (RA-MAC) for Long-lived Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

We introduce an energy-efficient Rate Adaptive Media Access Control (RA-MAC) algorithm for long-lived Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Previous research shows that the dynamic and lossy nature of wireless communications is one of the major challenges to reliable data delivery in WSNs. RA-MAC achieves high link reliability in such situations by dynamically trading off data rate for channel gain. The extra gain that can be achieved reduces the packet loss rate which contributes to reduced energy expenditure through a reduced numbers of retransmissions. We achieve this at the expense of raw bit rate which generally far exceeds the applications link requirement. To minimize communication energy consumption, RA-MAC selects the optimal data rate based on the estimated link quality at each data rate and an analytical model of the energy consumption. Our model shows how the selected data rate depends on different channel conditions in order to minimize energy consumption. We have implemented RA-MAC in TinyOS for an off-the-shelf sensor platform (the TinyNode) on top of a state-of-the-art WSN Media Access Control Protocol, SCP-MAC, and evaluated its performance by comparing our implementation with the original SCP-MAC using both simulation and experiment. PMID:22219675

Hu, Wen; Chen, Quanjun; Corke, Peter; ORourke, Damien

2010-01-01

123

An energy-efficient rate adaptive media access protocol (RA-MAC) for long-lived sensor networks.  

PubMed

We introduce an energy-efficient Rate Adaptive Media Access Control (RA-MAC) algorithm for long-lived Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Previous research shows that the dynamic and lossy nature of wireless communications is one of the major challenges to reliable data delivery in WSNs. RA-MAC achieves high link reliability in such situations by dynamically trading off data rate for channel gain. The extra gain that can be achieved reduces the packet loss rate which contributes to reduced energy expenditure through a reduced numbers of retransmissions. We achieve this at the expense of raw bit rate which generally far exceeds the application's link requirement. To minimize communication energy consumption, RA-MAC selects the optimal data rate based on the estimated link quality at each data rate and an analytical model of the energy consumption. Our model shows how the selected data rate depends on different channel conditions in order to minimize energy consumption. We have implemented RA-MAC in TinyOS for an off-the-shelf sensor platform (the TinyNode) on top of a state-of-the-art WSN Media Access Control Protocol, SCP-MAC, and evaluated its performance by comparing our implementation with the original SCP-MAC using both simulation and experiment. PMID:22219675

Hu, Wen; Chen, Quanjun; Corke, Peter; O'Rourke, Damien

2010-01-01

124

Cryptosporidiosis Associated with Ozonated Apple Cider  

PubMed Central

We linked an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis to ozonated apple cider by using molecular and epidemiologic methods. Because ozonation was insufficient in preventing this outbreak, its use in rendering apple cider safe for drinking is questioned. PMID:16704822

Mazurek, Jacek M.; Hlavsa, Michele; Park, Jean; Tillapaw, Matt; Parrish, MaryKay; Salehi, Ellen; Franks, William; Koch, Elizabeth; Smith, Forrest; Xiao, Lihua; Arrowood, Michael; Hill, Vince; da Silva, Alex; Johnston, Stephanie; Jones, Jeffrey L.

2006-01-01

125

A Study of MAC Protocols for WBANs  

PubMed Central

The seamless integration of low-power, miniaturised, invasive/non-invasive lightweight sensor nodes have contributed to the development of a proactive and unobtrusive Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). A WBAN provides long-term health monitoring of a patient without any constraint on his/her normal dailylife activities. This monitoring requires the low-power operation of invasive/non-invasive sensor nodes. In other words, a power-efficient Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is required to satisfy the stringent WBAN requirements, including low-power consumption. In this paper, we first outline the WBAN requirements that are important for the design of a low-power MAC protocol. Then we study low-power MAC protocols proposed/investigated for a WBAN with emphasis on their strengths and weaknesses. We also review different power-efficient mechanisms for a WBAN. In addition, useful suggestions are given to help the MAC designers to develop a low-power MAC protocol that will satisfy the stringent requirements. PMID:22315531

Ullah, Sana; Shen, Bin; Islam, S.M. Riazul; Khan, Pervez; Saleem, Shahnaz; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2010-01-01

126

HFGMC Enhancement of MAC/GMC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Additional information about a mathematical model denoted the high-fidelity generalized method of cells (HFGMC) and implementation of the HFGMC within version 4.0 of the MAC/GMC software has become available. MAC/GMC (Micromechanics Analysis Code With Generalized Method of Cells) was a topic of several prior NASA Tech Briefs articles, version 4.0 having been described in "Comprehensive Micromechanics-Analysis Code - Version 4.0" (LEW-17495-1), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 29, No. 9 (September 2005), page 54. MAC/GMC predicts elastic and inelastic thermomechanical responses of composite materials. MAC/GMC utilizes the generalized method of cells (GMC) - a model of micromechanics that predicts macroscopic responses of a composite material as functions of the properties, sizes, shapes, and responses of its constituents (e.g., matrix and fibers). The accuracy of the GMC is limited by neglect of coupling between normal and shear stresses. The HFGMC was developed by combining elements of the GMC and a related model, denoted the higher-order theory for functionally graded materials (HOTFGM), that can account for this coupling. Hence, the HFGMC enables simulation of stress and strain with greater accuracy. Some alterations of the MAC/GMC data structure were necessitated by the greater computational complexity of the HFGMC.

Arnold, Steven M.; Aboudi, Jacob; Pindera, Marek-Jerzy; Bednarcyk, Brett A.

2006-01-01

127

A study of MAC protocols for WBANs.  

PubMed

The seamless integration of low-power, miniaturised, invasive/non-invasive lightweight sensor nodes have contributed to the development of a proactive and unobtrusive Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). A WBAN provides long-term health monitoring of a patient without any constraint on his/her normal dailylife activities. This monitoring requires the low-power operation of invasive/non-invasive sensor nodes. In other words, a power-efficient Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is required to satisfy the stringent WBAN requirements, including low-power consumption. In this paper, we first outline the WBAN requirements that are important for the design of a low-power MAC protocol. Then we study low-power MAC protocols proposed/investigated for a WBAN with emphasis on their strengths and weaknesses. We also review different power-efficient mechanisms for a WBAN. In addition, useful suggestions are given to help the MAC designers to develop a low-power MAC protocol that will satisfy the stringent requirements. PMID:22315531

Ullah, Sana; Shen, Bin; Islam, S M Riazul; Khan, Pervez; Saleem, Shahnaz; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2010-01-01

128

Detection and Position Method of Apple Tree Image  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Apples should be quickly and correctly detected from their surroundings for the apple harvesting robot. The basic color feature was extracted from FuJi apple tree images and analyzed by the statistical analysis method. Accordingly, a new apple detection method was proposed to position the centroid of picking apples. The color difference was used to segment apples from their surroundings. Then the picking apples were chosen by area parameter. After that, the conglutinated apples were segmented by bidirectional scanning line algorithm. Finally, all of picking apples were positioned by their circumdiameter matching algorithm. The experimental result showed that the correct classification rate of apple fruit achieved 90%.

Mao, Wenhua; Jia, Baoping; Zhang, Xiaochao; Hub, Xiaoan

129

Clarification of apple juice by electroflotation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple Juice industry is in search of a simplified technology which enables a quick clarification and stabilisation of apple juice. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of electroflotation as an alternative for the clarification of apple juice. Clarification of apple juice by electroflotation was first done at various current densities (10, 20 and 40mA\\/cm2) with and without addition of

M. Araya-Farias; M. Mondor; F. Lamarche; S. Tajchakavit; J. Makhlouf

2008-01-01

130

Time synchronization experiments with APPLE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several Time Transfer/Synchronization techniques viz transmissions of 1PPS, TV Passive, TV Active, transmission of INSAT Time Code etc. were tried out on the Indian Experimental Satellite APPLE. The availability of the APPLE Satellite for a long time gave us the opportunity to try out various new techniques which could not be tried out earlier on Symphonic and to firm up the specifications of the hardware required to be developed for various catagory of users when INSAT becomes available on an operational basis for the dissemination of Standard Time and Frequency. The drift of APPLE Satellite in its orbit was found to be about 150 meters/sec. Because of such large changes in the range of the satellite it was not possible to achieve expected accuracies in the time transfer. Due to the availability of only one transponder on board, most of the experiments were conducted in quasi-simultaneous mode. The use of 2nd order range extrapolation technique to correct for the satellite range helped us to get better time transfer accuracies than was possible with linear exprapolation. Using the techniques of 1PPS, ranging to the APPLE was carried out and orbit computation was attempted and used in a TV passive technique. In this paper results of various experiments conducted on APPLE are presented.

Jain, C. L.; Kumar, K.; Sivaraman, M. R.; Mathur, B. S.; Banerjee, P.; Sengupta, A.; Saxana, M.; Hanjura, A. K.; Suri, A. K.

1984-04-01

131

B: Pancakes, Turkey Baked Apples, Milk  

E-print Network

B: Pancakes, Turkey Sausage, Baked Apples, Milk L: Hamburger, Potato Wedges, Mixed Fruit, Milk S: Oranges B: Toast, Turkey Sausage, Pears, Milk L: Turkey Breast, Iceberg Lettuce, Tomato, Baked Apples Fruit, Bread, Milk S: Yogurt B: Waffles, Turkey Sausage Baked Apples, Milk L: Salisbury Steak, Mashed

O'Toole, Alice J.

132

Baked Apple and Sweet Potato Casserole Ingredients  

E-print Network

Baked Apple and Sweet Potato Casserole Ingredients: Non-stick cooking spray 5 sweet potatoes 4 apples, diced 1/2 cup brown sugar 1/4 cup margarine, melted 1 teaspoon nutmeg 1/4 cup hot water 2 into potato into small pieces. Add to large baking dish. 3. Cut apples down the center and in half again, down

Liskiewicz, Maciej

133

Evaluation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice with Cornus fruit ( Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract by conventional media and thin agar layer method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Escherichia coli O157:H7 survival in apple juice supplemented with Cornus fruit (Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract was studied. Inoculated samples with or without Cornus fruit extract were kept at 21 and 7C. Microbial analysis was conducted on days 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7. MacConkey sorbitol agar (MSA), tryptic soy agar (TSA), and thin agar layer (TAL) medium were

Vivian C. H. Wu; Xujian Qiu; Y.-H. Peggy Hsieh

2008-01-01

134

Windows Media Player 7 for Mac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 22, 2001, Microsoft announced the release of Windows Media Player 7 for Mac. While it has not yet fully displaced RealPlayer as the standard streaming media player for the Web, Windows Media Player is absolutely a must-have plug-in. Features of the newest version include a new skin; local and streamed playback of .asf, .wma, .wmv, .asx, .wmx, .wax, .wm, .wvx, and .mp3 extensions; multiple bit rates; closed captioning; and intelligent streaming; among others. Mac users will find system requirements and download instructions at the above URL.

2001-01-01

135

42 CFR 405.1130 - Effect of the MAC's decision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of the MAC's decision. 405.1130 Section 405.1130 ...Appeals Council Review 405.1130 Effect of the MAC's decision. The MAC's decision is final and binding on all parties...

2010-10-01

136

42 CFR 405.1126 - Case remanded by the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Case remanded by the MAC. 405.1126 Section 405.1126 Public Health...Council Review 405.1126 Case remanded by the MAC. (a) When the MAC may remand a case. Except as specified in ...

2010-10-01

137

42 CFR 423.2118 - Obtaining evidence from the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Obtaining evidence from the MAC. 423.2118 Section 423.2118 Public...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2118 Obtaining evidence from the MAC. An enrollee may request and...

2010-10-01

138

42 CFR 405.1120 - Filing briefs with the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing briefs with the MAC. 405.1120 Section 405.1120 Public Health...Council Review 405.1120 Filing briefs with the MAC. Upon request, the MAC will give the party requesting review, as...

2010-10-01

139

42 CFR 422.608 - Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review. 422.608 Section 422.608...422.608 Medicare Appeals Council (MAC) review. Any party to the hearing...ALJ hearing decision, may request that the MAC review the ALJ's decision or...

2010-10-01

140

42 CFR 423.2128 - Action of the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Action of the MAC. 423.2128 Section 423.2128 Public...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2128 Action of the MAC. (a) After it has reviewed all...

2010-10-01

141

42 CFR 405.1118 - Obtaining evidence from the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Obtaining evidence from the MAC. 405.1118 Section 405.1118 Public...405.1118 Obtaining evidence from the MAC. A party may request and receive...If a party requests evidence from the MAC and an opportunity to comment on that...

2010-10-01

142

42 CFR 405.1128 - Action of the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Action of the MAC. 405.1128 Section 405.1128 Public...Council Review 405.1128 Action of the MAC. (a) After it has reviewed all the...received, subject to the limitations on MAC consideration of additional evidence...

2010-10-01

143

Attitude sensing of APPLE spacecraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A variety of attitude sensors have been used in the Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment (APPLE) geosynchronous satellite's control system. Sensor tasks encompass satellite attitude determination after separation from launch vehicle, spin axis orientation for apogee boost motor firing and satellite spin-up, satellite despin and sunward pointing on reaching geosynchronous orbit, three-axis stabilization, and yaw axis control during stationkeeping. Attention is given to problems encountered during APPLE deployment, of which the most serious was the failure of one of the solar panels to deploy. Pitch rotation was used to keep earth sensor temperature below operating maximum range.

Alex, T. K.; Jain, Y. K.; Philip, M. P.; Kalakrishnan, B.; Kanakaraju, K.; Kamalakar, J. A.

1983-11-01

144

Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits.  

PubMed

Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids from fruits and vegetables may play a key role in reducing chronic disease risk. Apples are a widely consumed, rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption of apples with reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes. In the laboratory, apples have been found to have very strong antioxidant activity, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, decrease lipid oxidation, and lower cholesterol. Apples contain a variety of phytochemicals, including quercetin, catechin, phloridzin and chlorogenic acid, all of which are strong antioxidants. The phytochemical composition of apples varies greatly between different varieties of apples, and there are also small changes in phytochemicals during the maturation and ripening of the fruit. Storage has little to no effect on apple phytochemicals, but processing can greatly affect apple phytochemicals. While extensive research exists, a literature review of the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals has not been compiled to summarize this work. The purpose of this paper is to review the most recent literature regarding the health benefits of apples and their phytochemicals, phytochemical bioavailability and antioxidant behavior, and the effects of variety, ripening, storage and processing on apple phytochemicals. PMID:15140261

Boyer, Jeanelle; Liu, Rui Hai

2004-05-12

145

Apples prevent mammary tumors in rats.  

PubMed

Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables has been consistently shown to be associated with reduced risk of developing chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. Apples are commonly consumed and are the major contributors of phytochemicals in human diets. It was previously reported that apple extracts exhibit strong antioxidant and antiproliferative activities and that the major part of total antioxidant activity is from the combination of phytochemicals. Phytochemicals, including phenolics and flavonoids, are suggested to be the bioactive compounds contributing to the health benefits of apples. Here it is shown that whole apple extracts prevent mammary cancer in a rat model in a dose-dependent manner at doses comparable to human consumption of one, three, and six apples a day. This study demonstrated that whole apple extracts effectively inhibited mammary cancer growth in the rat model; thus, consumption of apples may be an effective strategy for cancer protection. PMID:15769178

Liu, Rui Hai; Liu, Jiaren; Chen, Bingqing

2005-03-23

146

EM-MAC: A Dynamic Multichannel Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

-up scheduling. EM-MAC substantially enhances wireless channel uti- lization and transmission efficiency while resisting wireless inter- ference and jamming by enabling every node to dynamically op- timize the selection

Shihada, Basem

147

Os Trigonum Syndrome.  

PubMed

Os trigonum syndrome is the result of an overuse injury of the posterior ankle caused by repetitive plantar flexion stress. It is predominantly seen in ballet dancers and soccer players and is primarily a clinical diagnosis of exacerbated posterior ankle pain while dancing on pointe or demi-pointe or while doing push-off maneuvers. Symptoms may improve with rest or activity modification. Imaging studies, including a lateral radiographic view of the ankle in maximal plantar flexion, will typically reveal the os trigonum between the posterior tibial lip and calcaneus. If an os trigonum is absent on radiography, an MRI may reveal scar tissue behind the posterior talus, a condition associated with similar symptoms. Os trigonum syndrome is often associated with pathology of the flexor hallucis longus tendon. Treatment begins with nonsurgical measures. In addition to physical therapy, symptomatic athletes may need surgical excision of os trigonum secondary to unavoidable plantar flexion associated with their sport. This surgery can be performed using open or arthroscopic approaches. PMID:25157036

Nault, Marie-Lyne; Kocher, Mininder S; Micheli, Lyle J

2014-09-01

148

Doug MacLellan 2014 Political Science  

E-print Network

© Doug MacLellan 2014 Political Science Political science studies power-- who holds it, how Eastern and Islamic politics, and religion and politics. Political Science at UWindsor offers courses in Sciences #12;Political Science We look forward to meeting you! Excellent Student Support In addition

149

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Project MAC  

E-print Network

Memo No. 3 April 3, 1964 Study of Requirements of Highly Interactive Typewriter Communication the characteristics needed for the highly interactive typewriter dialogs that will become possible with future MAC interactive man/machine communication through typewriter terminals with the following objectives: 1

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

150

Department Heads Meeting D. MacFarlane  

E-print Network

Department Heads Meeting D. MacFarlane March 21, 2013 #12;Snowmass working groups Snowmass web-7 at SLAC Energy Frontier All Hands: » April 3-6 at Brookhaven (web site) » June 30-July 3 at U. Washington a world leading cosmic frontier program » Cosmology, cosmic ray, dark matter & dark energy emphasis

Wechsler, Risa H.

151

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology  

E-print Network

© Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

152

Lifetime tests for MAC vertex chamber  

SciTech Connect

A vertex chamber for MAC was proposed to increase precision in the measurement of the B hadron and tau lepton lifetimes. Thin-walled aluminized mylar drift tubes were used for detector elements. A study of radiation hardness was conducted under the conditions of the proposed design using different gases and different operating conditions. (LEW)

Nelson, H.N.

1986-07-01

153

Results from the MAC Vertex chamber  

SciTech Connect

The design, construction, and performance characteristics of a high precision gaseous drift chamber made of thin walled proportional tubes are described. The device achieved an average spatial resolution of 45 ..mu..m in use for physics analysis with the MAC detector. The B-lifetime result obtained with this chamber is discussed.

Nelson, H.N.

1987-05-01

154

Living Neoplatonism1 Bruce MacLennan  

E-print Network

Living Neoplatonism1 Bruce MacLennan University of Tennessee, Knoxville I. Motivation The title of my talk, "Living Neoplatonism," is intentionally ambiguous, for it can refer, first, to Neoplatonism, and the rest. And second, it can refer to the practice of living Neoplatonically as a modern way of life

MacLennan, Bruce

155

Managed Access by Controlled Sensing (MACS)  

SciTech Connect

During chemical weapons challenge inspections, the CWC treaty allows ``alternate means`` of access to be proposed by the nation challenged. BNL`s Safeguards, Safety and Nonproliferation Division is funded by the Defense Nuclear Agency to develop a system to provide the challenge inspection team with a ``virtual presence`` within the facility while denying personal access. A general purpose configuration of a mobile station manned by site personnel and a base station manned by the challenge inspector, supported by a flexible communication system, will allow facility personnel to tailor the basic model to their site. Design of the MACS system is based on maximum use of commercial equipment that is available on the international market. Design requirements for the MACS system include methods of establishing geographical position, distance measuring equipment for use in verifying dimensions on floor plans, video and two-way audio links between the mobile unit and the base station, and portability and versatility of the equipment. The MACS platform will also support deployment of selected instrumentation which the site may offer to the challenge inspection team. This paper describes the design and construction of the prototype MACS system.

Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

1994-08-01

156

Potassium channels Roderick MacKinnon  

E-print Network

Minireview Potassium channels Roderick MacKinnon? Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of European Biochemical Societies. Pub- lished by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Key words: Potassium channels; Kþ channels; Ion selectivity; Gating; Voltage dependent ion channels 1. Introduction Potassium

Alford, Simon

157

MACS as a tool for international inspections  

Microsoft Academic Search

General acceptance of the challenge provision in the Chemical Weapons Convention has the potential for influence in other arms control areas. While most applications of the challenge inspection may be straightforward, there may be instances where access to the site by inspectors may be problematic. The MACS system described in this paper was developed to respond to these situations. Inspection

J. A. Curtiss; J. P. Indusi

1995-01-01

158

University Information Systems Identity Finder Mac Edition  

E-print Network

University Information Systems Identity Finder Mac Edition Manual scanning instructions How to scan sensitive information. Per Harvard University security policy (http://security.harvard.edu/enterprise- security-policy/1-high-risk-info/policies-1_1), high-risk confidential information cannot be stored

159

Complement and demyelinating disease: no MAC needed?  

PubMed

It has long been accepted that the complement system participates in the onset, evolution, and exacerbation of demyelinating disease, and it is widely suspected that this is accomplished mainly via destruction of nervous tissue by membrane attack complex (MAC)-mediated lysis of oligodendrocytes and neurons. However, recent studies using mutant mice indicate the MAC may not be so important. For example, mice lacking C5 and mice lacking the C5a receptor both develop experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) with the same frequency and intensity as their wild type counterparts. Also, transgenic mice that express C5a exclusively in the central nervous system (CNS) develop EAE that is not remarkably different from that in non-transgenic littermates. Since C5 is required for formation of the MAC, development of fulminant EAE in the absence of this complement protein demonstrates that non-complement-mediated mechanisms of CNS damage are operating. Paradoxically, mice lacking C3, mice lacking the C3a receptor, and mice lacking the complement receptor type 3 develop attenuated EAE, while mice that express C3a exclusively in the CNS develop severe and often fulminant EAE. Based on these newer data, we posit that C3-derived biologically active fragments, rather than C5 and the MAC, are central players in the pathophysiology of complement in EAE. PMID:16443278

Barnum, Scott R; Szalai, Alexander J

2006-08-30

160

MAC5722 COMPLEXIDADE COMPUTACIONAL INFORMAES GERAIS  

E-print Network

MAC5722 COMPLEXIDADE COMPUTACIONAL INFORMA??ES GERAIS Bem-vindos à edição do 1o. semestre de 2007 computacional, mas discutiremos alguns dos resultados de grande impacto mais recentes da área. Seu professor

Kohayakawa, Yoshiharu

161

BREAKING NEW GROUNDS OVER 3000 M MAC\\/s: A BROADBAND MOBILE MULTIMEDIA MODEM DSP  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. ABSTRACT Future DSP architectures need to be developed for paving th e way into a generation of high scale signal processing power, i.e. greater than 1000M MAC\\/s (multiply accumulate per second). This can only be reached today by introducing a new parallel processing paradigm into DSP architecture. In this paper we show that this requirement can be achieved alre

Gerhard Fettweis; M. Weiss; W. Drescher; U. Walther; F. Engel; S. Kobayashi; T. Ri

1998-01-01

162

Dwarf Rootstocks for Apple Trees in the Home Garden  

E-print Network

or twig containing buds from the desired variety) onto an apple seedling. The use of apple seedlingsDwarf Rootstocks for Apple Trees in the Home Garden Grafting as a means of propagating apple trees dates back several thousand years or more. Grafting is used for two principal reasons: apples don't come

New Hampshire, University of

163

MACS as a tool for international inspections  

SciTech Connect

General acceptance of the challenge provision in the Chemical Weapons Convention has the potential for influence in other arms control areas. While most applications of the challenge inspection may be straightforward, there may be instances where access to the site by inspectors may be problematic. The MACS system described in this paper was developed to respond to these situations. Inspection and verification may be difficult when a host is unwilling,for valid reasons, to permit physical access to a site. We proposed a system of remote sensors which may be used to demonstrate compliance with Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) challenge inspections even ff the inspector is physically excluded from a sensitive site. The system is based upon alternative-means-of-access provisions of the CWC. The Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) funded design and construction of a system prototype, designated as MACS for Managed Access by Controlled Sensing. Features of the MACS design allow growth of the prototype into a versatile device for international monitoring of production facilities and other sites. MACS consists of instrumentation and communication equipment allowing site personnel to conduct a facility tour and perform acceptable measurements, while physically excluding the inspector from the facility. MACS consists of a base station used by the inspector, and a mobile unit used within the facility and manipulated by the facility staff. The base station and the mobile unit are @ed by a communication system, currently realized as a fiber optic cable. The mobile unit is equipped with television cameras and remote-reading distance-measuring equipment (DME) for use in verifying locations and dimensions. Global Positioning System receivers on the mobile unit provide both precise location and dead reckoning, suitable for tracking the mobile unit`s position while within a building when satellite signals are not available.

Curtiss, J.A.; Indusi, J.P.

1995-06-01

164

APPLE SNAILS AS DISEASE VECTORS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple snails (Ampullariidae) are intermediate hosts of parasites causing at least three diseases in humans: cercarial dermatitis (swimmers itch) caused by trematode cercaria, intestinal problems caused by flukes in the genus Echinostoma, and eosinophilic meningitis caused by the nematode Angiostr...

165

Apples for Teachers Pay Off.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews current trends in the educational market for microcomputers and software. As of June 1982, about 214,000 microcomputers were installed in schools, with Apple Computer (followed by Radio Shack and others) leading the field. A new federal program virtually eliminating how schools use funds may benefit computer assisted instruction. (JN)

Geller, Irving, Ed.

1983-01-01

166

Some Physical Properties of Apple  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 Abstract: Several physical properties as physical characteristics, mechanical, hydrodynamic and nutritional properties of two apple varieties (Redspar and Delbarstival), were determined and compared using Duncan's multiple ranges test. Physical characteristics such as: average fruit length, width, thickness, the geometric, arithmetic and equivalent mean diameter, projected area, surface area, sphericity index, aspect ratio, fruit mass, volume, true density and moisture

K. Kheiralipour; A. Tabatabaeefar; H. Mobli; S. Rafiee; A. Sahraroo Sahraroo; A. Rajabipour; A. Jafari

2008-01-01

167

Plant Disease Lesson: Apple scab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This plant disease lesson on Apple scab (caused by Venturia inaequalis) includes information on symptoms and signs, pathogen biology, disease cycle and epidemiology, disease management, and the significance of the disease. Selected references are listed and a glossary is also available for use with this resource.

Lisa J. Vaillancourt (University of Kentucky;); John R. Hartman (University of Kentucky;)

2000-10-05

168

Another View of "PC vs. Mac."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article by Nan Wodarz in the November 1997 issue listed reasons why the Microsoft computer operating system was superior to the Apple Macintosh platform. This rebuttal contends the Macintosh is less expensive, lasts longer, and requires less technical staff for support. (MLF)

DeMillion, John A.

1998-01-01

169

Portage du logiciel Orthanc sous Mac OS X Proposition de Stage 20132014  

E-print Network

. Ceci a motiv´e le d´eveloppement du logiciel open-source Orthanc, qui est un serveur DICOM (i.e. pour le stockage et l'indexation des images m´edicales) bas´e sur des technologies Web. Ce serveur peut forme de patches pour r´eint´egration dans les branches de d´eveloppement d'Orthanc. Ensuite, il s

Ernst, Damien

170

Characterizing the Interaction Between Routing and MAC Protocols in Ad-Hoc Networks  

SciTech Connect

We empirically study the effect of mobility on the performance of protocols designed for wireless ad-hoc networks. An important objective is to study the interaction of the Routing and MAC layer protocols under different mobility parameters. We use three basic mobility models: grid mobility model, random waypoint model, and exponential correlated random model. The performance of protocols is measured in terms of (i) latency, (ii) throughput, (iii) number of packets received, (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC and routing layer level. Three different commonly studied routing protocols are used: AODV, DSR and LAR1. Similarly three well known MAC protocols are used: MACA, 802.1 1 and CSMA. Our main contribution is simulation based experiments coupled with rigorous statistical analysis to characterize the interaction of MAC layer protocols with routing layer protocols in ad-hoc networks. From the results, we can conclude the following: e No single MAC or Routing protocol dominated the other protocols in their class. Probably more interestingly, no MAURouting protocol combination was better than other combinations over all scenarios and response variables. 0 In general, it is not meaningful to speak about a MAC or a routing protocol in isolation. Presence of interaction leads to trade-offs between the amount of control packets generated by each layer. The results raise the possibility of improving the performance of a particular MAC layer protocol by using a cleverly designed routing protocol or vice-versa. Thus in order to improve the performanceof a communication network, it is important to study the entire protocol stack as a single algorithmic construct; optimizing individual layers in the seven layer OS1 stack will not yield performance improvements beyond a point. A methodological contribution of this paper is the use of statistical methods such as analysis of variance (ANOVA), to characterize the interaction between the protocols, mobility patterns and speed. Such methods allow us to analyze complicated experiments with large input space in a systematic manner.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Drozda, M. (Martin); Marathe, A. (Achla); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2002-01-01

171

RealOne Player for Max OS X  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, RealNetworks released the beta version of their Player application for the Mac OS X. The application contains many of the features common to the previous versions of RealPlayer, along with a new feature that helps eliminate buffering over high-speed connections. In addition, this version of RealOne Player also contains RealVideo 9, which assists in the viewing of video clips and other images. Finally, this beta version will not override currently installed versions of RealPlayer 7 or 8.

172

Seed and pollen transmission of Apple latent spherical virus in apple  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine whether Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) has spread among apple trees in an orchard, we surveyed 21 apple trees surrounding two ALSV-infected trees for virus\\u000a infection using a double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA). None of the 21 trees were infected,\\u000a indicating that ALSV has not spread from the infected trees to the neighboring apple trees since it

Kazuya Nakamura; Noriko Yamagishi; Masamichi Isogai; Sadao Komori; Tsutae Ito; Nobuyuki Yoshikawa

2011-01-01

173

The MacDowell Colony Exhibition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Artist colonies have always fascinated the American public, and whether they have been informally organized or not, they seem to provide great opportunities for a variety of collaborations. One of the oldest of these colonies is the MacDowell Colony in Peterborough, New Hampshire. The colony was started in 1907 by the composer Edward MacDowell and his wife Marian, and over the past century it has been host to the likes of Willa Cather, Leonard Bernstein, Thorntown Wilder, and James Baldwin. This site was created in conjunction with an in situ exhibit at the Thomas Jefferson Building at the Library of Congress, and visitors to the site will be able to learn about the history of the colony through first-hand accounts, video clips featuring the curators of the exhibit, and objects that have been part of the colony's history. Some of these digitized objects include photographs, manuscripts, and musical scores.

174

Orienting apples for imaging using their inertial properties and random apple loading  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The inability to control apple orientation during imaging has hindered development of automated systems for sorting apples for defects such as bruises and for safety issues such as fecal contamination. Recently, a potential method for orienting apples based on their inertial properties was discovere...

175

Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105: A new FAN of lunar petrology  

SciTech Connect

New lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 represents an exciting new opportunity to study a potentially unsampled region of the Moon. The authors have analyzed six thin sections by electron microprobe and three bulk samples by Instrumental Neutron Activation (INA) in order to determine the chemical characteristics of this new lunar sample. Lunar meteorite MAC88104/5 is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite (FAN) suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts which appear to be of basaltic origin. One of these basaltic clasts (clast E in MAC88105,84) is probably mesostasis material, whereas the second larger clast (clast G) may be similar to the Very Low-Ti (VLT) or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105,69 and ,72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite. There is little evidence of any LKFM (Low-K Fra Mauro or low-K KREEP) contribution to this meteorite, as MAC88104/5 and other brecciated lunar meteorites are Fe-rich and poor in the incompatible elements relative to Apollo 16 regolith and feldspathic breccias. While the exact site of origin for the lunar meteorites cannot be pinpointed, it is evident that they were divided from a relatively KREEP-free ferroan anorthosite terrain.

Neal, C.R. (Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States) Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)); Taylor, L.A. (Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States)); Lui, Yungang; Schmitt, R.A. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

1991-11-01

176

Apple cuticle: the perfect interface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The domestic apple might well be called an 'extreme' fruit. In the arid Northwest United States, the fruit often tolerates surface temperatures ranging from -2 C in the early spring to 50 C in the heat of summer, and again to -2 C during controlled postharvest storage for up to 12 months. During its 18-month existence, the apple maintains a cuticle that is dynamic and environmentally responsive to protect against 1) cellular water loss during desiccation stress and 2) excessive uptake of standing surface moisture. Physiological disorders of the peel such as russeting, cracking, splitting, flecking and lenticel marking, develop as epidermal cells respond to rapid changes in ambient conditions at specific developmental stages during the growing season. Resultant market losses underlie research investigating the nature of apple cuticle growth and development. Ultrastructural analysis of the pro-cuticle using scanning electron microscopy indicates an overlapping network of lipid-based distally-elongating microtubules--produced by and connected to epidermal cells--which co-polymerize to form an organic solvent-insoluble semi-permeable cutin matrix. Microtubule elongation, aggregation, and polymerization function together as long as the fruit continues to enlarge. The nature of lipid transport from the epidermal cells through the cell wall to become part of the cuticular matrix was explored using an FEI Helios NanoLabTM DualBeamTM focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope on chemically- and cryo-fixed peel tissue from mature or freshly harvested apples. Based on microtubule dimensions, regular projections found at the cell/cuticle interface suggest an array of microtubule-like structures associated with the epidermal cell.

Curry, Eric; Arey, Bruce

2010-06-01

177

4.MD Margie Buys Apples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Margie bought 3 apples that cost 50 cents each. She paid with a five-dollar bill. How much change did Margie receive?...

178

EP-MAC e-mail : jyoak@snu.ac.kr, sbahk@snu.ac.kr  

E-print Network

EP-MAC *, e-mail : jyoak@snu.ac.kr, sbahk@snu.ac.kr Early Preamble MAC to reduce-cycled wireless sensor motes. In this paper we propose Early Preamble-MAC(EP-MAC) which enables to get enhanced performance of low energy and low latency. EP-MAC uses both early preamble and original simple preamble, so

Bahk, Saewoong

179

An energy efficient, high throughput MAC protocol using packet aggregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In wireless sensor networks, most MAC protocols switch radios off periodically, employing the so-called duty cycle mechanism, in order to conserve battery power that would otherwise be wasted by energy-costly idle listening. In order to minimize the various negative side-effects of the original scheme, especially on latency and throughput various improvements have been proposed. The novel Aggregation MAC or AG-MAC

Kien Nguyen; Ulrich Meis; Yusheng Ji

2011-01-01

180

Annie Marion MacLean, Feminist Pragmatist and Methodologist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annie Marion MacLean was a major Chicago sociologist and methodologist. She was profoundly influenced by the gendered division of labor in sociology during her era. MacLean combined her work with the men and women of the early Chicago school of sociology and the women of Hull-House, an early social settlement. As a feminist pragmatist, MacLean was both a theorist and

Mary Jo Deegan; Michael R. Hill; Susan L. Wortmann

2009-01-01

181

Cider: Native Execution of iOS Apps on Android Jeremy Andrus, Alexander Van't Hof, Naser AlDuaij,  

E-print Network

Cider: Native Execution of iOS Apps on Android Jeremy Andrus, Alexander Van't Hof, Naser Al performance overhead and runs un- modified iOS and Android applications together on a Google Nexus tablet games available compared to the well popu- lated Apple App Store [21]. Android users cannot access

Yang, Junfeng

182

RI-MAC: a receiver-initiated asynchronous duty cycle mac protocol for dynamic traffic loads in wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The problem of idle listening is one of the most significant sources of energy consumption in wireless sensor nodes, and many tech- niques have been proposed,based on duty cycling to reduce this cost. In this paper, we present a new asynchronous duty cycle MAC protocol, called Receiver-Initiated MAC(RI-MAC), that uses receiver-initiated data transmission in order to efficient ly and

Yanjun Sun; Omer Gurewitz; David B. Johnson

2008-01-01

183

Evaluation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice with Cornus fruit (Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract by conventional media and thin agar layer method.  

PubMed

Escherichia coli O157:H7 survival in apple juice supplemented with Cornus fruit (Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.) extract was studied. Inoculated samples with or without Cornus fruit extract were kept at 21 and 7 degrees C. Microbial analysis was conducted on days 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7. MacConkey sorbitol agar (MSA), tryptic soy agar (TSA), and thin agar layer (TAL) medium were used to compare the recovery of bacteria stressed under combination treatment. Influence of temperature, storage time, and Cornus fruit on survival of cells was evaluated. The most dramatic reduction of E. coli O157:H7 was observed in apple juice with Cornus fruit extract at 21 degrees C. At 7 degrees C, E. coli O157:H7 was reduced by 2.3logcfu/ml in the apple juice with Cornus fruit extract compared to the control sample on day 7. TAL and TSA were more efficient than MSA. Cornus fruit extract can be used in combination with temperature and storage time controls to inactivate E. coli O157:H7 in apple juice. This study has shown that TAL is a viable method of recovering and differentiating injured microorganisms and apple juice supplemented with Cornus fruit has potential as a value-added beverage with antimicrobial effects and potential health benefits. PMID:17993394

Wu, Vivian C H; Qiu, Xujian; Peggy Hsieh, Y-H

2008-02-01

184

Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) For MACs you cannot directly insert You Tube videos into PowerPoint. First you must convert the file,  

E-print Network

Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) 1 For MACs you cannot directly insert You Tube videos into the Step 1 Box. Click on URL #12;Embedding You Tube Videos (for MACs) 2 Under Step 2 select mpg. In PowerPoint click on the icon for Media Videos (for MACs

Bushman, Frederic

185

9,250 Apples for the Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Apple Computer Inc.'s plan to donate an Apple IIe to eligible elementary/secondary schools in California, dealer incentives for conducting orientation sessions for school personnel, and school uses of the computer (including peer tutoring and teacher education). Also discusses similar efforts of other microcomputer manufacturers. (JN)

Uston, Ken

1983-01-01

186

Apples Prevent Mammary Tumors in Rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables has been consistently shown to be associated with reduced risk of developing chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. Apples are commonly consumed and are the major contributors of phytochemicals in human diets. It was previously reported that apple extracts exhibit strong antioxidant and antiproliferative activities and that the major part of total

Rui Hai Liu; Jiaren Liu; Bingqing Chen

2005-01-01

187

42 CFR 421.404 - Assignment of providers and suppliers to MACs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Assignment of providers and suppliers to MACs. 421.404 Section 421.404 Public... Medicare Administrative Contractors (MACs) 421.404 Assignment of providers and suppliers to MACs. (a) Definitions. As used in...

2010-10-01

188

78 FR 26711 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Liquidity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Liquidity Management ACTION: Proposed rule...Agricultural Mortgage Corporation (Farmer Mac). Reopening the comment period will afford...of proposed rulemaking to revise Farmer Mac's non-program investment and...

2013-05-08

189

GENETIC FINGERPRINTING OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS ISOLATED FROM HOSPITAL PATIENTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

A particularly pathogenic group of mycobacteria belong to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), which includes M. avium and M. intracellulare. MAC organisms cause disease in children, the elderly, and immuno-compromised individuals. A critical step in preventing MAC infections...

190

42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. ...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for review is filed....

2010-10-01

191

MadMAC: Building a Reconfiguration Radio Testbed using Commodity 802.11 Hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Essential to adaptive devices is the ability to reconfigure Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols to environment conditions and application requirements. We propose MadMAC, a platform for building reconfigurable MAC protocols on commodity 802.11x hardware. Programming on top of MadWiFi, MadMAC transmits packets at configurable time and frame format. In this paper, we build a TDMA-based MAC protocol using MadMAC, and

Ashish Sharma; Mohit Tiwari; Haitao Zheng

2006-01-01

192

Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15  

E-print Network

Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15 Following are the 2014/15 priorities of the Michigan Apple Committee. (In priority order.) 1. Increase demand To conduct consumer related research that will help sell Michigan Apples more profitably. a. Market research b. Value ­ convenience, apples versus

Douches, David S.

193

PEOPLE IN PHYSICS: Newton's apple  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This essay has a long history. It was triggered at university by one of my tutors describing the dispute between Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton. He conjured up an image of Newton sitting at his desk doing calculations while Hooke went down mineshafts trying to detect a change in the strength of gravity. To someone who was finding the maths content of a physics degree somewhat challenging this was a symbolic image. I believe that the story of Newton and the apple illustrates the complex nature of scientific discovery.

Sandford Smith, Daniel

1997-03-01

194

Low power distributed MAC for ad hoc sensor radio networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Targeted at multi-hop wireless sensor networks, a set of low power MAC design principles have been proposed, and a novel ultra-low power MAC is designed to be distributed in nature to support scalability, survivability and adaptability requirements. Simple CSMA and spread spectrum techniques are combined to trade off bandwidth and power efficiency. A distributed algorithm is used to do dynamic

Chunlong Guo; Lizhi Charlie Zhong; J. M. Rabaey

2001-01-01

195

Designing E cient Exploration with MACS: Modules and Function Approximation  

E-print Network

Designing E#30;cient Exploration with MACS: Modules and Function Approximation Pierre Gérard and Olivier Sigaud AnimatLab (LIP6) 8, rue du Capitaine Scott 75015 PARIS Abstract. MACS (Modular Anticipatory prediction as a #28;tness measure, has proven its e#27;ectiveness on di#27;erent classes of problems

Gérard, Pierre

196

Intel-Based Mac Computers Improve Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today, Mac computers offer schools an easy and powerful way to engage students in learning, foster 21st century skills and leverage existing software assets. Innovative software and hardware built into the Mac allows students to demonstrate their individual strengths--empowering them to be creators of content, rather than just consumers. Judging

Technology & Learning, 2007

2007-01-01

197

REGIONAL ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX(MAC)  

EPA Science Inventory

There is accumulating evidence that potable water is a source of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). The linkage of mycobacteriosis to drinking water has been shown in AIDS populations where up to 8% of deaths in this group is attributed to MAC. Infection with these organisms ha...

198

Steven MacCall: Winner of LJ's 2010 Teaching Award  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Steven L. MacCall, winner of "Library Journal's" 2010 Teaching Award. An associate professor at the School of Library and Information Studies (SLIS) at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, MacCall was nominated by Kathie Popadin, known as "Kpop" to the members of her cohort in the online MLIS program at SLIS. Sixteen of

Berry, John N., III

2010-01-01

199

R-MAC: An Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks Peng Xie and Jun-Hong Cui  

E-print Network

}@engr.uconn.edu Abstract Underwater sensor networks are significantly different from terrestrial sensor networks of underwater sensor networks. Different applica- tions have different requirement on MAC protocols. In this paper, we aim to design a MAC protocol for long term aquatic monitoring applications [4]. This type

Cui, Jun-Hong

200

PC vs. Mac--Which Way Should You Go?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the factors in hardware, software, and administration to consider in developing specifications for choosing a computer operating system. Compares Microsoft Windows 95/NT that runs on PC/Intel-based systems and System 7.5 that runs on the Apple-based systems. Lists reasons why the Microsoft platform clearly stands above the Apple platform.

Wodarz, Nan

1997-01-01

201

Paired lunar meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105 - A new 'FAN' of lunar petrology. [ferroan anorthosite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To determine the chemical characteristics of the MAC88104/5 meteorite six thin sections and three bulk samples were analyzed by electron microprobe and instrumental neutron activation. It is concluded that this meteorite is dominated by lithologies of the ferroan anorthosite suite and contains abundant granulitized highland clasts, devitrified glass beads of impact origin, and two small clasts of basaltic origin. It is suggested that one of these basaltic clasts, clast E, is mesostasis material, and clast G is similar to the very low-Ti or low-Ti/high-alumina mare basalts. Impact melt clasts MAC88105, 69, and 72 have major and trace element compositions similar to the bulk meteorite.

Neal, Clive R.; Taylor, Lawrence A.; Lui, Yun-Gang; Schmitt, Roman A.

1991-01-01

202

Middle Atmosphere Cooperation/Summer in Northern Europe (MAC/SINE) and MAC/Epsilon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two major international campaigns dedicated to the study of middle atmosphere dynamics in high latitudes were successfully completed in 1987. MAC/SINE (Middle Atmosphere Cooperation/Summer in Northern Europe) was carried out during the period 7 June to 19 July, whereas MAC/Epsilon took place in the period 12 October to 15 November. In both campaigns a large number of ground based and rocket techniques were used in a concerted effort to map the dynamical structure of the middle atmosphere over Northern Europe. Although the analysis of the observations has only just started, it is clear that a large and unique data set was obtained, which is believed will provide new insight into the dynamical processes in this interesting region of the atmosphere. A brief overview of the campaigns, their scientific aims, organization and structure is presented.

Thrane, E. V.

1989-01-01

203

Prior determination of baseline minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane does not influence the effect of ketamine on MAC in rabbits.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to compare the effect on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane when ketamine was administered either after or without prior determination of the baseline MAC of isoflurane in rabbits. Using a prospective randomized crossover study, 8 adult, female New Zealand rabbits were allocated to 2 treatment groups. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane. Group 1 (same-day determination) had the MAC-sparing effect of ketamine [1 mg/kg bodyweight (BW) bolus followed by a constant rate infusion (CRI) of 40 ?g/kg BW per min, given by intravenous (IV)], which was determined after the baseline MAC of isoflurane was determined beforehand. A third MAC determination was started 30 min after stopping the CRI. Group 2 (separate-day determination) had the MAC-sparing effect of ketamine determined without previous determination of the baseline MAC of isoflurane. A second MAC determination was started 30 min after stopping the CRI. In group 1, the MAC of isoflurane (2.15 0.09%) was significantly decreased by ketamine (1.63 0.07%). After stopping the CRI, the MAC was significantly less (2.04 0.11%) than the baseline MAC of isoflurane and significantly greater than the MAC during the CRI. In group 2, ketamine decreased isoflurane MAC (1.53 0.22%) and the MAC increased significantly (1.94 0.25%) after stopping the CRI. Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) values did not differ significantly between the groups either during ketamine administration or after stopping ketamine. Under the study conditions, prior determination of the baseline isoflurane MAC did not alter the effect of ketamine on MAC. Both methods of determining MAC seemed to be valid for research purposes. PMID:23543951

Gianotti, Giacomo; Valverde, Alexander; Sinclair, Melissa; Dyson, Doris H; Gibson, Thomas; Johnson, Ron

2012-10-01

204

A ferroan region of the lunar highlands as recorded in meteorites MAC88104 and MAC88105  

SciTech Connect

MacAlpine Hills 88104 and 88105 (MAC88104/5) are paired meteorites of noritic anorthosite composition from the lunar highlands. MAC88105 is a breccia composed mainly of melt-breccia clasts in a fine-grained, fragmental, and partly glassy matrix. The most abundant melt lithologies are feldspathic and are similar in composition to the bulk meteorite. Other melt lithologies include feldspathic melt rocks, mafic melt breccias, and a rare melt breccia relatively enriched in incompatible trace elements. Subordinate lithic clasts are granulitic breccias and ferroan (relatively low Mg/(Mg + Fe)) igneous lithologies, including troctolitic anorthosite, anorthositic norite, gabbronorite, and anorthosite. Igneous clasts having mafic mineral compositions more magnesian than Fo{sub 55} and En{sub 60} were not observed. Rare fragments of glass spheres and shards as well as glass clasts indicate that the meteorite was derived from an immature regolith. The bulk composition of MAC88105 is characterized by a molar Mg/(Mg + Fe) ratio of 0.62, at the extreme low end of the range for meteorites from the lunar highlands. Its low concentrations of incompatible trace elements and feldspathic bulk composition (29% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), suggests that it, like the other lunar meteorites, formed at a site far removed from the areas sampled by the Apollo missions. Similarities in mineral compositions among the different lithologies of the breccia and the distribution of mineral fragments suggest that most components of the meteorite were derived from a crustal section dominated by material with a noritic anorthosite composition and an affinity of the ferroan suite of plutonic rocks.

Jolliff, B.L.; Korotev, R.L.; Haskin, L.A. (Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States))

1991-11-01

205

Refractory Inclusions in the CO3-like Chondrites MAC 88107 and MAC 87300  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MAC 87300 and MAC 88107 are similar, ungrouped carbonaceous chondrites with properties that are intermediate between the CM and CO meteorite groups, though they are more closely related to the latter [1,2]. 170 CAIs were observed in a 102 micrometers^2 thin section of MAC 87300, all <500 micrometers and most <300 micrometers in size. Most are composed of pyroxene and spinel, with textures similar to spinel-pyroxene inclusions in CM meteorites [3]. Melilite-bearing inclusions are uncommon. One unusual hibonite-bearing inclusion, #43, is composed of three large (<=75 micrometers) hibonite laths surrounded by thin rims of hibonite + spinel + (outermost) diopside. The hibonite has low TiO2 (1.8 wt%) and MgO (0.8 wt%), reminiscent of Murchison PLACS [4]. Hibonite in #43 has a unusual smoothly fractionated concave-upwards rare-earth (REE) pattern, with Lu enriched ~3x relative to the light REE, a small negative Eu anomaly and a much larger negative Yb anomaly. The largest inclusion (480 micrometers across) in this section, #44, is a Type A consisting of melilite (Angstrom k(sub)7-17) enclosing 1-5 micrometers sized grains of spinel. The inclusion has a well-defined diopside rim and an accretionary mantle. REE in #44 are unfractionated, ~10-30xC1, with a small negative Yb anomaly. No excess 26-Mg was detected in either #43 or #44: for #43, inferred initial 26-Al/27-Al <1x10^(-5) at 27-Al/24-Mg ~105-125; for #44, initial 26-Al/27-Al = (0.5+/-2.0)x10^(-5) (+/-2sigma) at 27-Al/24-Mg up to 32 (see Fig.1). 162 CAIs were located in a 172 micrometers^2 thin section of MAC88107, similar in size distribution to those in MAC87300. The most common CAIs are again spinel- and pyroxene-rich, but irregularly-shaped melilite-rich Type A inclusions (Angstrom k(sub)3-19; FeO in spinel <=0.6 wt%) similar to those in the least-metamorphosed CO3 chondrites [5] are more common than in MAC 87300. Inclusion #14 is a compact intergrowth of melilite, spinel, perovskite and hibonite laths, with an incomplete diopside rim. Inclusion #16 is unrimmed and extensively cracked, consisting of melilite enclosing spinel and perovskite. Inclusion #20 consists of melilite, spinel and perovskite (the latter two phases rimmed with Ti-rich pyroxene), and has numerous round voids. The inclusion has a complete diopside rim. Inclusion #35 is a compact, unrimmed intergrowth of melilite and spinel only. Apart from pyroxene, no secondary minerals were detected in these four inclusions. Each contains an excess of 26-Mg that corresponds to an initial 26-Al/27-Al of ~4.5x10^(-5). REE patterns for #14, #16 and #20 are unfractionated with REE ~50xCI (#14, #16) and ~10xCI (#20). Inclusion #35 has a modified Group II REE pattern. Differences in CAI populations from MAC 87300 and 88107 suggest that the two meteorites are not paired. The CAIs from MAC 87300 and 88107 are most closely related to those from the lowest petrologic type CO3s, and demonstrate that these two meteorites are extremely primitive carbonaceous chondrites. The canonical initial 26-Al/27-Al of CAIs (4-5x10^(-5)), defined by the major carbonaceous chondrite groups [6], also applies to inclusions from MAC 88107, whereas no evidence for 26-Al in MAC 87300 has yet been found. References: [1] Kallemeyn G. (1992) LPS XXIII, 649-650. [2] Sears D. et al. (1990) LPS XXI, 1121-1122. [3] MacPherson G. and Davis A. (1994) GCA, 58, 5599-5625. [4] Ireland T. et al. (1988) GCA, 52, 2827-2839. [5] Greenwood R. et al. (1992) Meteoritics, 27, 229. [6] MacPherson G. et al. (1995) Meteoritics, 30, in press.

Russell, S. S.; Davis, A. M.; MacPherson, G. J.

1995-09-01

206

APPL Proteins FRET at the BAR: Direct Observation of APPL1 and APPL2 BAR Domain-Mediated Interactions on Cell Membranes Using FRET Microscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundHuman APPL1 and APPL2 are homologous RAB5 effectors whose binding partners include a diverse set of transmembrane receptors, signaling proteins, and phosphoinositides. APPL proteins associate dynamically with endosomal membranes and are proposed to function in endosome-mediated signaling pathways linking the cell surface to the cell nucleus. APPL proteins contain an N-terminal Bin\\/Amphiphysin\\/Rvs (BAR) domain, a central pleckstrin homology (PH) domain,

Heidi J. Chial; Peter Lenart; Yong Q. Chen; Joshua Z. Rappoport

2010-01-01

207

Metabolomic Change Precedes Apple Superficial Scald Symptoms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Metabolic profiling of 621 metabolites was employed to characterize metabolomic changes associated with Granny Smith apple superficial scald development following 1-MCP or DPA treatment. Partial least squares-discriminant analyses were used to link metabolites with scald, postharvest treatments, ...

208

Metasedimentary Rocks at the Apple Creek Formation  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS scientist Art Bookstrom looks at puzzling sedimentary structures in metasedimentary rocks of the Apple Creek Formation, near the Jackass prospect, near Iron Creek, in the southeastern part of the Idaho cobalt belt, in east-central Idaho....

209

Open vs. closed Apple music distribution platform  

E-print Network

In this thesis, based on the example case study of the Apple iTunes-iPods platform technology, two simple models are analyzed to gain a better understanding of open vs. closed business models as management and market ...

Aye, Thida, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

210

Production of apple snail for space diet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For food production in space at recycling bio-elements under closed environment, appropriate organisms should be chosen to drive the closed materials recycle loop. We propose a combination of green algae, photosynthetic protozoa, and aquatic plants such as Wolffia spp., for the primary producer fixing solar energy to chemical form in biomass, and apple snail, Pomacea bridgesii, which converts this biomass to animal meat. Because of high proliferation rate of green algae or protozoa compared to higher plants, and direct conversion of them to apple snail, the efficiency of food production in this combination is high, in terms of energy usage, space for rearing, and yield of edible biomass. Furthermore, green algae and apple snail can form a closed ecological system with exchanging bio-elements between two member, i.e. excreta of snail turn to fertilizer of algae, and grown algae become feed for snail. Since apple snail stays in water or on wet substrate, control of rearing is easy to make. Mass production technology of apple snail has been well established to utilize it as human food. Nutrients of apple snail are also listed in the standard tables of food composition in Japan. Nutrients for 100 g of apple snail canned in brine are energy 340 kJ, protein 16.5 g, lipid 1.0 g, cholesterol 240 mg, carbohydrate 0.8 g, Ca 400 mg, Fe 3.9 mg, Zn 1.5 mg. It is rich in minerals, especially Ca and Fe. Vitamin contents are quite low, but K 0.005 mg, B2 0.09 mg, B12 0.0006 mg, folate 0.001 mg, and E 0.6 mg. The amino acid score of apple snail could not be found in literature. Overall, apple snail provides rich protein and animal lipid such as cholesterol. It could be a good source of minerals. However, it does not give enough vitamin D and B12 , which are supposed to be supplemented by animal origin foods. In terms of acceptance in food culture, escargot is a gourmet menu in French dishes, and six to ten snail, roughly 50 g, are served for one person. Apple snail reaches to 30 g of body weight within two or three month from its egg. Several hundreds of egg are laid by one snail. It start egg laying after three months from hatching. In order to harvest 50 g for every day's meal, 3 m2 is required for rearing space. Eating apple snail and establishing its rearing system might save the food crisis on Earth.

Yamashita, Masamichi; Motoki, Shigeru; Space Agriculture Task Force, J.; Katayama, Naomi

211

42 CFR 405.1108 - MAC actions when request for review or escalation is filed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC actions when request for review or escalation...Appeals Council Review 405.1108 MAC actions when request for review or escalation...section, when a party requests that the MAC review an ALJ's decision, the MAC...

2010-10-01

212

42 CFR 423.2122 - What evidence may be submitted to the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... What evidence may be submitted to the MAC. 423.2122 Section 423.2122 Public...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2122 What evidence may be submitted to the MAC. (a) Appeal before the MAC on...

2010-10-01

213

42 CFR 423.2062 - Applicability of policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Applicability of policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC. 423.2062 Section 423.2062 Public...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2062...Applicability of policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC. (a) ALJs and the MAC are not...

2010-10-01

214

Soil respiration in an apple orchard  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate why the largest CO2 concentration occurred before sunrise at 0.6 m below an apple tree canopy, seasonal and diurnal fluctuations in soil and grass respiration were recorded in an apple orchard near Bonn, Germany between May 1994 and April 1995 with a portable, battery-driven infrared gas analyser and a soil respiration chamber. Respiration from soil on raised nursery

Michael M. Blanke

1996-01-01

215

ROOT EFFICIENCY AND MINERAL NUTRITION IN APPLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among deciduous fruit crops, maximum sustained yields under ideal conditions reportedly range from 22 MT\\/ha in sweet cherry to 112 MT\\/ha in apple: about a 5-fold difference. Root length densities under fruit trees, however, range from about 0.2 km\\/m2 in apple to about 12 km\\/m2 in kiwifruit: a 60-fold difference. What causes these differences among the root systems of different

D. M. Eissenstat; C. E Wells; L. Wang

216

Constructing AppleWorks Data Base Files for the Apple IIe Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This step-by-step guide to creating database files using the AppleWorks software on the Apple IIe computer covers (1) loading the program; (2) adding files to the desktop; (3) selecting the database option; (4) naming the file; (5) naming categories or fields; (6) inserting data; (7) changing database file formats; (8) altering the file layout;

Schlenker, Richard M.

217

RMAC: A Routing-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Duty-cycle MAC protocols have been proposed to meet the demanding energy requirements of wireless sensor networks. Although existing duty-cycle MAC protocols such as S-MAC are power efficient, they introduce significant end-to-end delivery latency and provide poor traffic contention handling. In this paper, we present a new duty-cycle MAC protocol, called RMAC (the Routing enhanced MAC protocol), that exploits cross- layer

Shu Du; Amit Kumar Saha; David B. Johnson

2007-01-01

218

The history of Newton's apple tree  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article contains a brief introduction to Newton's early life to put into context the subsequent events in this narrative. It is followed by a summary of accounts of Newton's famous story of his discovery of universal gravitation which was occasioned by the fall of an apple in the year 1665/6. Evidence of Newton's friendship with a prosperous Yorkshire family who planted an apple tree arbour in the early years of the eighteenth century to celebrate his discovery is presented. A considerable amount of new and unpublished pictorial and documentary material is included relating to a particular apple tree which grew in the garden of Woolsthorpe Manor (Newton's birthplace) and which blew down in a storm before the year 1816. Evidence is then presented which describes how this tree was chosen to be the focus of Newton's account. Details of the propagation of the apple tree growing in the garden at Woolsthorpe in the early part of the last century are then discussed, and the results of a dendrochronological study of two of these trees is presented. It is then pointed out that there is considerable evidence to show that the apple tree presently growing at Woolsthorpe and known as 'Newton's apple tree' is in fact the same specimen which was identified in the middle of the eighteenth century and which may now be 350 years old. In conclusion early results from a radiocarbon dating study being carried out at the University of Oxford on core samples from the Woolsthorpe tree lend support to the contention that the present tree is one and the same as that identified as Newton's apple tree more than 200 years ago. Very recently genetic fingerprinting techniques have been used in an attempt to identify from which sources the various 'Newton apple trees' planted throughout the world originate. The tentative result of this work suggests that there are two separate varieties of apple tree in existence which have been accepted as 'the tree'. One may conclude that at least some of the current Newton apple trees have no connection with the original tree at Woolsthorpe Manor.

Keesing, R. G.

1998-05-01

219

A Comprehensive Review of Apples and Apple Components and Their Relationship to Human Health12  

PubMed Central

There has been an increasing appreciation and understanding of the link between dietary fruit and vegetable intake and improved health in humans. The widespread and growing intake of apples and apple juice/products and their rich phytochemical profile suggest their important potential to affect the health of the populations consuming them. This review summarizes current clinical, in vitro, and in vivo data and builds upon earlier published reports that apple may reduce the risk of chronic disease by various mechanisms, including antioxidant, antiproliferative, and cell signaling effects. Exposure to apples and apple products has been associated with beneficial effects on risk, markers, and etiology of cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and Alzheimers disease. Recent work suggests that these products may also be associated with improved outcomes related to cognitive decline of normal aging, diabetes, weight management, bone health, pulmonary function, and gastrointestinal protection. PMID:22332082

Hyson, Dianne A.

2011-01-01

220

5. Photocopy of drawing of Mac Dougall furnace in roaster ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Photocopy of drawing of Mac Dougall furnace in roaster building from John L. Bray, The Principles of Metallurgy Ginn & Co., New York, 1929. - International Smelting & Refining Company, Tooele Smelter, Roaster Building, State Route 178, Tooele, Tooele County, UT

221

Operational effectiveness of a Multiple Aquila Control System (MACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operational effectiveness of a multiple aquila control system (MACS) was examined under a variety of remotely piloted vehicle (RPV) mission configurations. The set of assumptions and inputs used to form the rules under which a computerized simulation of MACS was run is given. The characteristics that are to govern MACS operations include: the battlefield environment that generates the requests for RPV missions, operating time-lines of the RPV-peculiar equipment, maintenance requirements, and vulnerability to enemy fire. The number of RPV missions and the number of operation days are discussed. Command, control, and communication data rates are estimated by determining how many messages are passed and what information is necessary in them to support ground coordination between MACS sections.

Brown, R. W.; Flynn, J. D.; Frey, M. R.

1983-01-01

222

12 CFR 615.5174 - Farmer Mac securities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING...capital and earnings. (d) Stress Test. You must perform stress tests on mortgage securities...Farmer Mac security fails a stress test, you must divest it...

2013-01-01

223

MacSPOC: Orbital trajectory calculations on a laptop computer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbital trajectory calculations on a laptop computer are presented in the form of the viewgraphs. The following subject areas are covered: laptop computing in the Space Shuttle program; current laptop prototyping with MacSPOC; future laptop applications; and summary.

Adamo, Dan

1991-01-01

224

Conformal holonomy in MacDowell-Mansouri gravity  

SciTech Connect

The MacDowell-Mansouri formulation of general relativity is based on a gauge theory whose gauge algebra depends on the sign of the cosmological constant. In this article, we show that the gauge algebra is uniquely determined by the conformal structure of spacetime itself. Specifically, we show that in vacuum: the spacetime conformal holonomy algebra coincides with the MacDowell-Mansouri gauge algebra for both signs of the cosmological constant, in both Lorentzian and Euclidean metric signatures.

Reid, James A., E-mail: j.a.reid@abdn.ac.uk [SUPA Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UE (United Kingdom); Wang, Charles H.-T., E-mail: c.wang@abdn.ac.uk [SUPA Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UE (United Kingdom); STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2014-03-15

225

An Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes S-MAC, a medium-access control (MAC) protocol designed for wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks use battery-operated computing and sensing devices. A network of these devices will collaborate for a common application such as environmental monitoring. We expect sensor networks to be deployed in an ad hoc fashion, with individual nodes remaining largely inactive for long periods of

Wei Ye; John S. Heidemann; Deborah Estrin

2002-01-01

226

MAC5770 INTRODUO TEORIA DOS GRAFOS INFORMAES GERAIS  

E-print Network

MAC5770 INTRODU??O ? TEORIA DOS GRAFOS INFORMA??ES GERAIS Bem-vindos à edição do 1o. semestre de 2008 de MAC5770, Introdução à Teoria dos Grafos. Esta é uma disciplina do Programa de Pós-graduação em contém muito mais material do que pode ser coberto em um curso introdutório de teoria dos grafos

Kohayakawa, Yoshiharu

227

Duty Cycle Control for Low-Power-Listening MAC Protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Energy efficiency is of the utmost importance,in wire- less sensor networks. The family of low-power-listening MAC protocols was proposed,to reduce one form of en- ergy dissipationidle listening, a radio state for which the energy consumption,cannot be neglected. Low-power- listening (also called channel probing) MAC protocols are characterized by a duty cycle: a node probes the channel every ti s

Christophe J. Merlin; Wendi Beth Heinzelman

2010-01-01

228

Attenuation of KBrO3-induced renal and hepatic toxicity by cloudy apple juice in rat.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to evaluate a protective effect of apple juice on KBrO3-induced oxidative stress in rats. Male Wistar rats were administered apple juice per os, 10 ml/kg b.w. for 28 days. On 27 day of the experiment, some rats were given i.p. a single 125 mg/kg b.w. dose of KBrO3 . Markers of oxidative damage and clinical chemistry parameters were determined. Treatment with apple juice prior to KBrO3 challenge prevented an increase in hepatic and renal microsomal lipid peroxidation by 25 and 44%, respectively, increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes in the liver by 29 - 59% and decreased the plasma content of carbonyl groups by 19%. Aminotransferases activity in plasma was reduced by 19% and 36%, concentrations of plasma bilirubin, cholesterol and creatinine were suppressed by 21%, 16% and 26%, respectively, in rats supplemented with juice before KBrO3 injection. No protective effect of apple juice on nuclear DNA was observed. Supplementation with cloudy apple juice to some extent attenuated oxidative damage induced by KBrO3 in the liver and kidney of rats as evidenced by alterations of certain oxidative stress markers and clinical chemistry parameters. PMID:23042583

Kujawska, Ma?gorzata; Ignatowicz, Ewa; Ewertowska, Ma?gorzata; Adamska, Teresa; Markowski, Jaros?aw; Jodynis-Liebert, Jadwiga

2013-08-01

229

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MOBILE COMPUTING, TMC-0168-0605.R2 1 SoftMAC: Layer 2.5 Collaborative MAC  

E-print Network

commercial IEEE 802.11 MAC DCF hardware, and propose a novel software solution, called Layer 2.5 SoftMAC. Our proposed SoftMAC resides between the IEEE 802.11 MAC layer and IP layer to coordinate the real-time (RT wireless nodes equipped with IEEE 802.11 a/b/g combo cards. Our evaluation and testing results demonstrate

Minnesota, University of

230

Symptoms on apple and pear indicators after back-transmission from Nicotiana occidentalis confirm the identity of apple stem pitting virus with pear vein yellows virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolates of apple stem pitting virus (ASPV) from diseased apple trees were maintained in Nicotiana occidentalis then back-transmitted mechanically from the herbaceous host to apple seedlings and indexed by double budding on apple and pear indicators for the following syndromes: apple stem pitting, pear vein yellows, Malus platycarpa dwarf and quince sooty ringspot. Symptoms associated with stem pitting and M.

G. Leone; J. L. Lindner; Meer van der F. A; C. D. Schoen; G. Jongedijk

1998-01-01

231

ENDOGENOUS GIBBERELLINS IN DEVELOPING APPLE SEEDS IN RELATION TO ALTERNATE  

E-print Network

ENDOGENOUS GIBBERELLINS IN DEVELOPING APPLE SEEDS IN RELATION TO ALTERNATE BEARING A Thesis ..................................................................................1 Basic morphology of apple flowering ....................................................3 Internal changes of bud during flower induction .......................................4 Time of flower induction

Tu, Yicheng

232

1 HDY (MAC )2 MASTER/EDITOR/AUTHOR/MAC3 Lucid Digital Limited . Heredity (2002) 88, qqqqqq  

E-print Network

1 HDY (MAC )2 MASTER/EDITOR/AUTHOR/MAC3 Lucid Digital Limited . 41 2 3 1 Heredity (2002) 88, qqq May 2002 1 HDY: Heredity - NATURE2 14-08-02 15:08:26 Rev 16.03x HDY$$$146P morphism in pea aphids the interplay between polymor- phisms and polyphenisms. Heredity (2002) 88, 000­000. doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6800146

Caillaud, Marina

233

Cold Acclimation Improves Regrowth of Cryopreserved Apple Shoot Tips  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cryopreservation is important for preserving the genetic resources of apple germplasm in Kazakhstan, the center of origin for apples. In this study of five apple genotypes [Malus domestica Borkh. and Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem] we determined cold hardiness and the effect of cold acclimation o...

234

Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition  

E-print Network

Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition D. Unay TCTS Labs., Facult of `Jonagold' apples by pattern recognition is proposed. The method starts with background removal and object- ment relative to the ones introduced in the literature. Key words: apple, stem, calyx, machine vision

Dupont, Stéphane

235

Developing Inventory Records Using the AppleWorks Data Base Subprogram and Apple IIe or GS Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a "how to" training device for developing inventory records in the AppleWorks program using an Apple IIe or Apple IIGS Computer with Duodisk or two disk drives and an 80-column card. The manual provides step-by-step directions, and includes 17 figures depicting the computer screen at the various stages of the inventory records

Schlenker, Richard M.

236

Developing Simple Financial Records Using the AppleWorks Spreadsheet Subprogram, Apple IIe or GS Computers, and a Duodisk Drive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a "how to" training device for developing simple financial records using the AppleWorks spreadsheet subprogram with an Apple IIe or Apple IIGS Computer which has a Duodisk or two disk drives. The manual provides step-by-step directions, and includes 34 figures depicting the computer screen at the various stages of the spreadsheet

Schlenker, Richard M.

237

42 CFR 423.2116 - Effect of dismissal of request for MAC review or request for hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Effect of dismissal of request for MAC review or request for hearing. 423...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2116 Effect of dismissal of request for MAC review or request for hearing. The...

2010-10-01

238

78 FR 77450 - Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Loan Purchase Limits: Request for Public Input on Implementation Issues  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2013-N-18] Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Loan Purchase Limits: Request for Public...Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) (together, the Enterprises). Each...proceed with the planned reductions in Freddie Mac's and Fannie Mae's loan purchase...

2013-12-23

239

MACS The evolution and properties of massive clusters of galaxies  

E-print Network

We present first results from the MAssive Cluster Survey (MACS), a new large-scale X-ray survey designed to find and characterize very massive, distant clusters of galaxies. Based on X-ray detections in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey, MACS aims to compile a sample of more than 200 X-ray luminous clusters at z>0.3, about 50 times the number of EMSS clusters in the same redshift and luminosity range. The MACS sample is uniquely suited to investigate cluster evolution at redshifts and luminosities poorly sampled by all existing surveys. At the time of writing the MACS sample comprises 41 clusters with measured redshifts of 0.30.3 are scheduled for spectroscopic observation. From a preliminary analysis of a statistically well defined subsample of the 25 X-ray brightest MACS clusters we conclude tentatively that negative evolution is not significant at the highest X-ray luminosities (Lx>10^45 erg/s) out to redshifts of z~0.4. Our findings thus extend the no-evolution result obtained by many serendipitous ROSAT cluster s...

Ebeling, H; Henry, J P; Ebeling, Harald; Edge, Alastair

2000-01-01

240

Quantification Model for Estimating Temperature Field Distributions of Apple Fruit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A quantification model of transient heat conduction was provided to simulate apple fruit temperature distribution in the cooling process. The model was based on the energy variation of apple fruit of different points. It took into account, heat exchange of representative elemental volume, metabolism heat and external heat. The following conclusions could be obtained: first, the quantification model can satisfactorily describe the tendency of apple fruit temperature distribution in the cooling process. Then there was obvious difference between apple fruit temperature and environment temperature. Compared to the change of environment temperature, a long hysteresis phenomenon happened to the temperature of apple fruit body. That is to say, there was a significant temperature change of apple fruit body in a period of time after environment temperature dropping. And then the change of temerature of apple fruit body in the cooling process became slower and slower. This can explain the time delay phenomenon of biology. After that, the temperature differences of every layer increased from centre to surface of apple fruit gradually. That is to say, the minimum temperature differences closed to centre of apple fruit body and the maximum temperature differences closed to the surface of apple fruit body. Finally, the temperature of every part of apple fruit body will tend to consistent and be near to the environment temperature in the cooling process. It was related to the metabolism heat of plant body at any time.

Zhang, Min; Yang, Le; Zhao, Huizhong; Zhang, Leijie; Zhong, Zhiyou; Liu, Yanling; Chen, Jianhua

241

187Os/186Os in Lunar and Meteoritic Materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The unique potentiallity of the ^187Re-^1870s radiochronometer stems from the chemical properties of the 2 elements. Their siderophilic nature has made the dating of the metal phase of iron meteorites and chondrites possible [1,2]. In silicate crystallization or melting, Os behaves as a strongly compatible element [3]. For Re the results hereunder show that its behavior is highly variable, depending on context. The development of the highly sensitive negative thermal ionization mass spectrometry [4,5] made possible the extensive analysis of silicate materials. We developed a chemical separation method allowing the analysis of 0,5 g of silicate with an Os blank of 0.3 pg (1pg=10^-12 g). The isotopic measurement of Os has a typical precision of a few permil for 1 pg of Os. A variety of samples has been investigated. Iron Meteorites: The main purpose of this study was to shed some light on the history of Kodaikanal. The silicate inclusions of this meteorite were reset at 3.7 Ga for both the Rb-Sr and the U-Pb chronometers [6,7]. The data from Coahuila, Canyon Diablo, Tlacotepec, and North Chile plot within 1% on the same isochron along with 3 samples from 2 locations inside the meteorite of Kodaikanal. As a consequence the Kodaikanal parent body did not form at 3.7 Ga but at about the same time as the parent bodies of the the majority of the other iron meteorites (~4.5 Ga). The only difference is that Kodaikanal suffered a strong secondary event at 3.7 Ga, which reset Rb/Sr and U-Pb chronometers but did not fractionate the Re/Os ratio. This result has already been suggested by our earlier work [8]. The St Severin Chondrite: A bulk sample and several batches of the metal separated from this chondrite were analysed. They plot on the iron meteorite isochron. However this metal is heterogeneous in Re/Os by a factor of at least 2 and indicates an uncomplete homogeinization of Re/Os between metal grains during parent body metamorphism. Basaltic Materials: Basaltic achondrites (Juvinas, Nuevo Laredo), diogenites (Roda, Tatahouine), lunar basalts (15555, 70017) and various terrestrial basalts were analyzed. So far all extraterrestrial basalts give ^187Os/^186Os ratios below 1.3 whereas old terrestrial basalts reach up to more than 100. The concentration of Os in extraterrestrial and terrestrial basalts are similar. There is no correlation with age. Re concentrations of terrestrial basalts are about 1000 times higher than extraterrestrial basalts. This difference in behavior of Re between terrestrial context and extraterrestrial context may have several origins: combined with pressure differences in the water content of the different planetary bodies may be one cause, but our preferred interpretation is that Re is present in a different oxidation state (ReVII) under terrestrial conditions. In contrast Re(IV) should be the dominant species in the Moon and in the basaltic achondrite parent body(ies). References: [1] Herr W. et al. (1961) Z. Naturforsch., 16a, 1053. [2] Luck J. M. and Allegre C. J. (1983) Nature, 302, 130. [3] Roy-Barman M. (1993) Ph.D. thesis, Paris. [4] Greaser R. A. et al. (1991) GCA, 55, 397. [5] Volkening J. et al. (1991) Int. J. Mass Spec. Ion Proc., 105, 147. [6] Gopel C. et al. (1985) Nature, 317, 341. [7] Burnett D. S. and Wasserburg G. J. (1967) EPSL, 2, 137. [8] Birck J. L. et al. (1991) Meteoritics, 26, 318.

Birck, J. L.; Allegre, C. J.

1993-07-01

242

Apples: Content of phenolic compounds vs. variety, part of apple and cultivation model, extraction of phenolic compounds, biological properties.  

PubMed

Apples are among the most popular fruits in the world. They are rich in phenolic compounds, pectin, sugar, macro- and microelements. Applying different extraction techniques it is possible to isolate a particular group of compounds or individual chemicals and then test their biological properties. Many reports point to the antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer and many other beneficial effects of apple components that may have potential applications in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. This paper summarizes and compiles information about apple phenolic compounds, their biological properties with particular emphasis on health-related aspects. The data are reviewed with regard to different apple varieties, part of apple, cultivation model and methods of extraction. PMID:25282014

Kalinowska, Monika; Bielawska, Aleksandra; Lewandowska-Siwkiewicz, Hanna; Priebe, Waldemar; Lewandowski, W?odzimierz

2014-11-01

243

Bioanalytical characterization of apple juice from 88 grafted and nongrafted apple varieties grown in Upper Austria.  

PubMed

The compositional characteristics of untreated pure juice prepared from 88 apple varieties grown in the region of Eferding/Upper Austria were determined. Many of the analyzed varieties are noncommercial, old varieties not present in the market. The aim of the study was to quantitate the mineral, phosphate, trace elements, and polyphenolic content in order to identify varieties that are of particular interest for a wider distribution. Great variations among the investigated varieties could be found. This holds especially true for the total polyphenolic content (TPC) ranging from 103.2 to 2,275.6 mg/L. A clear dependence of the antioxidant capacity on the TPC levels was detected. Bioinformatics was employed to find specific interrelationships, such as Mg?/Mn? and PO??/K?, between the analyzed bio- and phytochemical parameters. Furthermore, special attention was drawn on putative effects of grafting on the phytochemical composition of apple varieties. By grafting 27 different apple varieties on two trees grown close to each other, it could be shown that the apple fruits remain their characteristic phytochemical composition. Finally, apple juice prepared from selected varieties was further characterized by additional biochemical analysis including cytotoxicity, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition, and ?-amylase activity tests. Cytotoxicity and inhibition of EGFR activation were found to be dependent on the TPC, while ?-amylase activity was reduced by the apple juices independent of the presence of polyphenolic substances. Taken together selected apple varieties investigated within this study might serve as preferable sources for the development of apple-based food with a strong focus on health beneficial effects. PMID:24410208

Lanzerstorfer, Peter; Wruss, Jrgen; Huemer, Stefan; Steininger, Andrea; Mller, Ulrike; Himmelsbach, Markus; Borgmann, Daniela; Winkler, Stephan; Hglinger, Otmar; Weghuber, Julian

2014-02-01

244

CO2calc: A User-Friendly Seawater Carbon Calculator for Windows, Mac OS X, and iOS (iPhone)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A user-friendly, stand-alone application for the calculation of carbonate system parameters was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey Florida Shelf Ecosystems Response to Climate Change Project in response to its Ocean Acidification Task. The application, by Mark Hansen and Lisa Robbins, USGS St. Petersburg, FL, Joanie Kleypas, NCAR, Boulder, CO, and Stephan Meylan, Jacobs Technology, St. Petersburg, FL, is intended as a follow-on to CO2SYS, originally developed by Lewis and Wallace (1998) and later modified for Microsoft Excel? by Denis Pierrot (Pierrot and others, 2006). Besides eliminating the need for using Microsoft Excel on the host system, CO2calc offers several improvements on CO2SYS, including: An improved graphical user interface for data entry and results Additional calculations of air-sea CO2 fluxes (for surface water calculations) The ability to tag data with sample name, comments, date, time, and latitude/longitude The ability to use the system time and date and latitude/ longitude (automatic retrieval of latitude and longitude available on iPhone? 3, 3GS, 4, and Windows? hosts with an attached National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA)-enabled GPS) The ability to process multiple files in a batch processing mode An option to save sample information, data input, and calculated results as a comma-separated value (CSV) file for use with Microsoft Excel, ArcGIS,? or other applications An option to export points with geographic coordinates as a KMZ file for viewing and editing in Google EarthTM

Robbins, L.L.; Hansen, M.E.; Kleypas, J.A.; Meylan, S.C.

2010-01-01

245

THEORY PROBAB. APPL. Vol. 43, No. 4  

E-print Network

THEORY PROBAB. APPL. Vol. 43, No. 4 LOCALIZATION VS. DELOCALIZATION OF RANDOM DISCRETE MEASURES* S(n) with random atoms {µ (n) i , i = 1, 2, . . .} such that i µ (n) i = 1 are considered. The notions of (complete) asymptotic localization vs. delocalization of such measures in the weak (mean or probability) and strong

Bogachev, Leonid V.

246

Breccia at the Apple Creek Formation  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS scientist Art Bookstrom hammers on limonite-stained breccia, cutting banded siltite of the Apple Creek Formation, exposed near the Uncle Sam portal of the Blackbird cobalt-copper mine, in the Salmon River Mountains of east-central Idaho....

247

APPLE In-Service Programming for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to provide teachers with techniques for entering and modifying BASIC programs on Apple computers. The underlying theme is that a teacher need not become a programmer to benefit from being able to use and modify BASIC programs. The key to the successful use of software in the classroom is the ability to individualize software

Burns, Edward

248

NEWTON'S APPLE 14th Season Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to help teachers use the 14th season of NEWTON'S APPLE in their classrooms and contains lessons formatted to follow the National Science Education Standards. The "Overview,""Main Activity," and "Try-This" sections were created with inquiry-based learning in mind. Each lesson page begins with "Getting Started," which

Wichmann, Sue, Ed.

249

Apple Thinning Care of New Trees  

E-print Network

Sound of Drumming Apple Disease Update Peach Leaf Curl and Plum Pockets Raspberry Anthracnose and Cane also. Thinning is all about tradeoffs and compromise. The earlier you thin, the better the response time to assess the effect of the first application. (Hirst) Care of New Trees: If you planted new trees

Ginzel, Matthew

250

Apple Mealiness Detection Using Hyperspectral Scattering Technique  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Mealiness is a symptom of internal fruit disorder, which is characterized by abnormal softness and lack of free juice in the fruit. This research investigated the potential of hyperspectral scattering technique for detecting mealy apples. Spectral scattering profiles between 600 nm and 1,000 nm were...

251

Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids from fruits and vegetables may play a key role in reducing chronic disease risk. Apples are a widely consumed, rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption

Jeanelle Boyer; Rui Hai Liu

2004-01-01

252

Vehicle Health Management Communications Requirements for AeroMACS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As the development of standards for the aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) progresses, the process of identifying and quantifying appropriate uses for the system is progressing. In addition to defining important elements of AeroMACS standards, indentifying the systems uses impacts AeroMACS bandwidth requirements. Although an initial 59 MHz spectrum allocation for AeroMACS was established in 2007, the allocation may be inadequate; studies have indicated that 100 MHz or more of spectrum may be required to support airport surface communications. Hence additional spectrum allocations have been proposed. Vehicle health management (VHM) systems, which can produce large volumes of vehicle health data, were not considered in the original bandwidth requirements analyses, and are therefore of interest in supporting proposals for additional AeroMACS spectrum. VHM systems are an emerging development in air vehicle safety, and preliminary estimates of the amount of data that will be produced and transmitted off an aircraft, both in flight and on the ground, have been prepared based on estimates of data produced by on-board vehicle health sensors and initial concepts of data processing approaches. This allowed an initial estimate of VHM data transmission requirements for the airport surface. More recently, vehicle-level systems designed to process and analyze VHM data and draw conclusions on the current state of vehicle health have been undergoing testing and evaluation. These systems make use of vehicle system data that is mostly different from VHM data considered previously for airport surface transmission, and produce processed system outputs that will be also need to be archived, thus generating additional data load for AeroMACS. This paper provides an analysis of airport surface data transmission requirements resulting from the vehicle level reasoning systems, within the context of overall VHM data requirements.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Clements, Donna J.; Apaza, Rafael D.

2012-01-01

253

OS Comprehensive Exam Spring 2007  

E-print Network

advantages and disadvantages for both. Suppose level 5 group contains n disks. 4.b.I. For r small reads per1 OS Comprehensive Exam Spring 2007 1. Both SPIN and the exokernel focused on providing safe system the processes used the Banker's Algorithm. #12;4 4.a. Compare RAID levels 1 and 5 storage schemes; discuss

Wang, Deli

254

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1952 architectural drawings by Strategic Air Command, MacDill Air Force Base) BASE LAYOUT, 1952 - MacDill Air Force Base, Bounded by City of Tampa North, Tampa Bay South, Old Tampa Bay West, & Hillsborough Bay East, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

255

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of MacDill Field in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; site plan dated December, 1942) BASE LAYOUT, DECEMBER 1942 - MacDill Air Force Base, Bounded by City of Tampa North, Tampa Bay South, Old Tampa Bay West, & Hillsborough Bay East, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

256

ENERGY-AWARE DATA-CENTRIC MAC FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC SENSOR NETWORKS  

E-print Network

ENERGY-AWARE DATA-CENTRIC MAC FOR APPLICATION-SPECIFIC SENSOR NETWORKS Qing Zhao University an energy-aware data-centric MAC protocol for application-specific large sensor networks. Referred. Key Words: Data-centric MAC. Sensor network lifetime. 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Cross-Layer Design

Islam, M. Saif

257

Workshop on the Modeling and Analysis of Concerns in Software (MACS 2005) Martin P. Robillard  

E-print Network

in a correct and cost-effective manner. The goal of the MACS 2005 workshop was to bring together re- searchersWorkshop on the Modeling and Analysis of Concerns in Software (MACS 2005) Martin P. Robillard Mc on the Modeling and Analysis of Concerns in Software (MACS 2005) held at the 27th International Conference

Robillard, Martin

258

CSMAC: A Novel DS-CDMA Based MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

message in comparison to traditional sensor network MAC protocols. I. INTRODUCTION Future militaryCSMAC: A Novel DS-CDMA Based MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Bao Hua Liu, Nirupama Bulusu}@cse.unsw.edu.au, nbulusu@cse.ogi.edu Abstract-- This paper proposes CSMAC (CDMA Sensor MAC), a novel self

Bulusu, Nirupama

259

42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. 423.2102...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2102 Request for MAC review when...

2011-10-01

260

42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. 423.2108 Section 423.2108 Public...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for...

2011-10-01

261

42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2102 Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or...

2010-10-01

262

42 CFR 405.1110 - MAC reviews on its own motion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC reviews on its own motion. 405.1110...Medicare Appeals Council Review 405.1110 MAC reviews on its own motion. (a) General rule. The MAC may decide on its own motion to review...

2010-10-01

263

42 CFR 405.1050 - Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC. 405.1050 Section 405.1050 Public...Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC. If a request for hearing is pending before an ALJ, the MAC may assume responsibility for holding...

2010-10-01

264

Factor Structure and Validity of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool--Criminal Adjudication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of the available literature regarding the development of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA) reveals 2 theoretical factor structures on which the MacCAT-CA was based: one in which 3 lower-order constructs are proposed (understanding, reasoning, appreciation) and one in which 2 higher-order

Zapf, Patricia A.; Skeem, Jennifer L.; Golding, Stephen L.

2005-01-01

265

42 CFR 405.1102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal...Council Review 405.1102 Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal...A party to the ALJ hearing may request a MAC review if the party files a written...

2010-10-01

266

42 CFR 423.2050 - Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC. 423.2050 Section 423.2050 Public...DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2050...Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC. If a request for hearing is...

2010-10-01

267

42 CFR 405.1122 - What evidence may be submitted to the MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What evidence may be submitted to the MAC. 405.1122 Section 405.1122 Public Health...405.1122 What evidence may be submitted to the MAC. (a) Appeal before the MAC on request for review of ALJ's decision....

2010-10-01

268

In lieu of swap: Analyzing compressed RAM in Mac OS X and Golden G. Richard III a, *  

E-print Network

lists available at ScienceDirect Digital Investigation journal homepage: www Case b a Department of Computer Science, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA b Volatility Foundation, New Orleans, LA 70001, USA Keywords: Memory analysis Live forensics Compressed RAM

Richard III, Golden G.

269

On Designing MAC Protocols for Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas  

E-print Network

On Designing MAC Protocols for Wireless Networks Using Directional Antennas Romit Roy Choudhury, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--We investigate the possibility of using directional antennas for medium the use of omnidirectional antennas at all nodes. With omnidirectional antennas, while two nodes

Ramanathan, Ram

270

Tone based MAC protocol for use with Adaptive Array Antennas  

E-print Network

1 Tone based MAC protocol for use with Adaptive Array Antennas Harkirat Singh and Suresh Singh are equipped with adaptive array antennas. The protocol relies on the ability of the antenna and Angle antenna arrays. The impact of using different number of antenna elements is also studied

Singh, Suresh

271

Video Chat with Multiple Cameras John MacCormick  

E-print Network

. Benchmark experiments em- ploying up to four webcams simultaneously demonstrate that multi-camera video chatVideo Chat with Multiple Cameras John MacCormick Dickinson College Technical Report March 2012 Abstract The dominant paradigm for video chat employs a single camera at each end of the con- versation

MacCormick, John

272

Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination (GeoMAC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provided by the USGS features GeoMAC, an internet-based mapping tool that fire managers and the public can use to access online maps of current fire locations and perimeters in the conterminous 48 States and Alaska. To pinpoint affected areas, information can be downloaded with a standard web browser. The site also has a users' guide.

USGS; National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC); National Weather Service and Bureau of Land Management at NIFC; Remote Sensing Applications Center (RSAC, USFS); U.S. Forest Service (USFS); Bureau of Land Management (BLM); National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC, NOAA)

273

Impact of Real Modem Characteristics on Practical Underwater MAC Design  

E-print Network

Impact of Real Modem Characteristics on Practical Underwater MAC Design Lina Pu, Yu Luo, Yibo Zhu constraint problems. However, the challenges from the real acoustic modem characteristics are not well investigated in the current research. Based on our experiments and sea tests with real acoustic modems

Zhou, Shengli

274

Adaptive MAC Protocol for UAV Communication Networks Using Directional Antennas  

E-print Network

Adaptive MAC Protocol for UAV Communication Networks Using Directional Antennas Abdel Ilah Alshbatat and Liang Dong, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-- Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been used inspection and range extension. Moreover, UAVs are suited for situations that are too dangerous for direct

Dong, Liang

275

Mineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean  

E-print Network

8) Topaz 7) Quartz 6) Feldspar 5) Apatite 4) Fluorite 3) Calcite 2) Gypsum 1) Talc - Other mineralMineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean 2. NAME OF INQUIRY: Mineral Scavenger from minerals? What are some objects in the classroom that come from minerals? What minerals did

Brewer, Carol

276

AT&TConnect: Now with a Client for Mac Users  

E-print Network

applications. · Improve productivity and accelerate decision making by bringing cross functional teams together with geographically dispersed teams from a laptop (PC, MAC) or mobile device · Provide professional development and e savings and productivity benefits of conferencing available to all employees · Integration with iCal® · IP

Greenberg, Albert

277

Doug MacLellan 2014 ItalianLanguageandCulture  

E-print Network

and culture and either German or Spanish language and culture. · Combined Honours Modern Languages - A four© Doug MacLellan 2014 ItalianLanguageandCulture Language learning matters. More than 5 Programs We offer a variety of programs with a concentration in Italian Language and Culture. Language

278

DougMacLellan2014 GermanLanguageandCulture  

E-print Network

©DougMacLellan2014 GermanLanguageandCulture www.uwindsor.ca/languages Language learning matters teaching, technical translation, the armed forces, tourism and conference services, customs and immigration We offer a variety of programs with a concentration in German Language and Culture. Language

279

MAC-EYE: a Tendon Driven Fully Embedded Robot Eye  

E-print Network

MAC-EYE: a Tendon Driven Fully Embedded Robot Eye Dario Biamino, Giorgio Cannata, Marco Maggiali the possibility of designing a robot eye with kinematics and actuation similar to those of the human eye. In particular, we tried to exploit the spherical shape of the eye and to study the feasibility of a tendon based

Cannata, Giorgio

280

A SURVEY OF MAC PROTOCOLS FOR SENSOR NETWORKS  

E-print Network

related protocols. Keywords: Medium access control, sensor networks, wireless ad-hoc networks. 5Chapter 5 A SURVEY OF MAC PROTOCOLS FOR SENSOR NETWORKS Piyush Naik and Krishna M. Sivalingam Dept for wireless sensor networks. This builds upon the background material and protocols presented in Chapter 4. We

Scheuermann, Peter

281

Inaugural Address by Jerry MacArthur Hultin  

E-print Network

A New University for a New Age Inaugural Address by Jerry MacArthur Hultin 10th President innovative power of the western world toppled the centralized Soviet state and unleashed new energy and opportunity not only in the United States, but around the world. Nearly 3 billion new workers joined

Aronov, Boris

282

Iowa Farmland Values Iowa Innovations: Farmer Mac and  

E-print Network

of an Investment made in Iowa Farmland as a Percent of an Investment in the S&P by Year of Investment #12;$0 $50Iowa Farmland Values Iowa Innovations: Farmer Mac and the Community Bankers of Iowa Mike Duffy Change in Farmland Values 7th Federal Reserve Board District 4th Qt. 10 Jan '10 to Jan. '11 #12;Average

Duffy, Michael D.

283

Modeling Woven Polymer Matrix Composites with MAC/GMC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Micromechanics Analysis Code with Generalized Method of Cells (MAC/GMC) is used to predict the elastic properties of plain weave polymer matrix composites (PMCs). The traditional one step three-dimensional homogertization procedure that has been used in conjunction with MAC/GMC for modeling woven composites in the past is inaccurate due to the lack of shear coupling inherent to the model. However, by performing a two step homogenization procedure in which the woven composite repeating unit cell is homogenized independently in the through-thickness direction prior to homogenization in the plane of the weave, MAC/GMC can now accurately model woven PMCs. This two step procedure is outlined and implemented, and predictions are compared with results from the traditional one step approach and other models and experiments from the literature. Full coupling of this two step technique with MAC/ GMC will result in a widely applicable, efficient, and accurate tool for the design and analysis of woven composite materials and structures.

Bednarcyk, Brett A.; Arnold, Steven M. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

284

What if MacGyver Taught Physical Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era of rising childhood obesity rates, many physical educators find themselves with declining financial resources. Similar to how MacGyver had to do when he was in a bind on his self-titled television show, physical educators need to think creatively when providing equipment for use by their students. The problem that has been identified is:

Marston, Rip; Leech, Trey

2014-01-01

285

Molecular Combinator Reference Manual Bruce J. MacLennan  

E-print Network

Molecular Combinator Reference Manual Bruce J. MacLennan #3; Department of Computer Science, in summary form, definitions, schematic reactions, and equiv­ alences of all combinators in use by this project. It will be updated as new combinators, equivalences, etc. are required. #3; This research

MacLennan, Bruce

286

Molecular Combinator Reference Manual Bruce J. MacLennan  

E-print Network

Molecular Combinator Reference Manual Bruce J. MacLennan Department of Computer Science, in summary form, definitions, schematic reactions, and equiv- alences of all combinators in use by this project. It will be updated as new combinators, equivalences, etc. are required. ¡ This research

MacLennan, Bruce

287

HDMAC coding for MAC compatible broadcasting of HDTV signals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors consider the problem of bandwidth reduction needed to allow HDTV (high-definition television) signals to be transmitted through the narrow DBS (direct broadcast by satellite) channel and to simultaneously fulfil the compatibility requirement with the European DBS transmission standard, the MAC\\/packet family. This problem is studied in the context of the EUREKA 95 project. The HDMAC coding system is

M. R. Haghiri; F. W. P. Vreeswijk

1990-01-01

288

DETECTION OF APPLE CHLOROTIC LEAF SPOT VIRUS (ACLSV) AND APPLE STEM GROOVING VIRUS (ASGV) IN DIFFERENT TISSUES OF 'MUTSU' APPLE CULTIVAR TREES BY ELISA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The detection of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) and Apple stem grooving vi- rus (ASGV) by a modified-ELISA test was investigated. ACLSV was detected in breaking leaf buds, young leaves, flowers or phloem + periderm + cortex paren- chyma samples. ASGV was found only in breaking leaf buds samples from Budzi- szynek. ACLSV and ASGV were detected in different

E. Paduch-Cichal; K. Tomala

289

Borers in New Hampshire Apple Trees Several species of insects bore into New Hampshire apple trees, including roundheaded apple tree borer,  

E-print Network

serious, killing the tree. Controls for RHATB: 3. Keep trunks exposed, free of vegetation, weeds or trash Roundheaded apple-tree borer larva #12;control apple maggot, leafminers, and other pests. Backyard trees, covered in the current New England Tree Fruit Management Guide. 6. You could try mechanical "worming

New Hampshire, University of

290

Genetic Diversity of a Natural Population of Apple stem pitting virus Isolated from Apple in Korea.  

PubMed

Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV), of the Foveavirus genus in the family Betaflexiviridae, is one of the most common viruses of apple and pear trees. To examine variability of the coat protein (CP) gene from ASPV, eight isolates originating from 251 apple trees, which were collected from 22 apple orchards located in intensive apple growing areas of the North Gyeongsang and North Jeolla Provinces in Korea, were sequenced and compared. The nucleotide sequence identity of the CP gene of eight ASPV isolates ranged from 77.0 to 97.0%, while the amino acid sequence identity ranged from 87.7 to 98.5%. The N-terminal region of the viral CP gene was highly variable, whereas the C-terminal region was conserved. Genetic algorithm recombination detection (GARD) and single breakpoint recombination (SBP) analyses identified base substitutions between eight ASPV isolates at positions 54 and 57 and position 771, respectively. GABranch analysis was used to determine whether the eight isolates evolved due to positive selection. All values in the GABranch analysis showed a ratio of substitution rates at non-synonymous and synonymous sites (dNS/dS) below 1, suggestive of strong negative selection forces during ASPV CP history. Although negative selection dominated CP evolution in the eight ASPV isolates, SLAC and FEL tests identified four possible positive selection sites at codons 10, 22, 102, and 158. This is the first study of the ASPV genome in Korea. PMID:25289003

Yoon, Ju Yeon; Joa, Jae Ho; Choi, Kyung San; Do, Ki Seck; Lim, Han Cheol; Chung, Bong Nam

2014-06-01

291

Occurrence of patulin in apple-based-foods in Portugal  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analytic procedure based on high-performance liquid chromatography with solid-phase extraction and UV detection (SPEHPLCUV) was validated and used to analyse 144 apple-based-foods, including 68 apple juices (32 clear and 36 cloudy) and 76 homogenised apple purees marketed in Portugal. Patulin was detected in 33 samples (23%) with values ranging from 1.2?g\\/kg to 42?g\\/kg. Patulin was not detected in the

Maria Joo Barreira; Paula C. Alvito; Cristina M. M. Almeida

2010-01-01

292

Getting Started with AppleWorks Data Base. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a hands-on teaching tool for beginning users of the AppleWorks database software. It was developed to allow Apple IIGS users who are generally familiar with their machine and its peripherals to build a simple AppleWorks database file using version 2.0 or 2.1 of the program, and to store, print, and manipulate the file. The materials

Schlenker, Richard M.

293

Ethylene binding site affinity in ripening apples  

SciTech Connect

Scatchard plots for ethylene binding in apples (Malus domestica Borkh.), which were harvested weekly for 5 weeks to include the ethylene climacteric rise, showed C[sub 50] values (concentration of ethylene needed to occupy 50% of the ethylene binding sites) of 0.10, 0.11, 0.34, 0.40, and 0.57 [mu]l ethylene/liter[sup [minus]1], respectively, for each of the 5 weeks. Higher ethylene concentrations were required to saturate the binding sites during the climacteric rise than at other times. Diffusion of [sup 14]C-ethylene from the binding sites was curvilinear and did not show any indication of multiple binding sites. Ethylene was not metabolized by apple tissue.

Blankenship, S.M. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Horticultural Science); Sisler, E.C. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States))

1993-09-01

294

CAMAPPLE: CAMAC interface to the Apple computer  

SciTech Connect

The advent of the personal microcomputer provides a new tool for the debugging, calibration and monitoring of small scale physics apparatus, e.g., a single detector being developed for a larger physics apparatus. With an appropriate interface these microcomputer systems provide a low cost (1/3 the cost of a comparable minicomputer system), convenient, dedicated, portable system which can be used in a fashion similar to that of portable oscilloscopes. Here, an interface between the Apple computer and CAMAC which is now being used to study the detector for a Cerenkov ring-imaging device is described. The Apple is particularly well-suited to this application because of its ease of use, hi-resolution graphics, peripheral bus and documentation support.

Oxoby, G.J.; Trang, Q.H.; Williams, S.H.

1981-04-01

295

Low energy electron irradiation of an apple  

E-print Network

LOW ENERGY ELECTRON IRRADIATION OF AN APPLE A Thesis by GIOVANNI BATISTA BRESCIA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2002... Major Subject: Biological and Agricultural Engineering LOW ENERGY ELECTRON IRRADIATION OFANAPPLE A Thesis by GIOVANNI BATISTA BRESCIA Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Brescia, Giovanni Batista

2002-01-01

296

Ethylene binding site affinity in ripening apples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scatchard plots for ethylene binding in apples (Malus domestica Borkh.), which were harvested weekly for 5 weeks to include the ethylene climacteric rise, showed C[sub 50] values (concentration of ethylene needed to occupy 50% of the ethylene binding sites) of 0.10, 0.11, 0.34, 0.40, and 0.57 [mu]l ethylene\\/liter[sup [minus]1], respectively, for each of the 5 weeks. Higher ethylene concentrations were

S. M. Blankenship; E. C. Sisler

1993-01-01

297

Association of Genetic Variation in Adaptor Protein APPL1/APPL2 Loci with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease  

PubMed Central

The importance of genetics and epigenetic changes in the pathogenesis of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasingly recognized. Adiponectin has a central role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism and controlling inflammation in insulin-sensitive tissues and low adiponectin levels have been linked to NAFLD. APPL1 and APPL2 are adaptor proteins that interact with the intracellular region of adiponectin receptors and mediate adiponectin signaling and its effects on metabolism. The aim of our study was the evaluation of a potential association between variants at APPL1 and APPL2 loci and NAFLD occurrence. The impact on liver damage and hepatic steatosis severity has been also evaluated. To this aim allele frequency and genotype distribution of APPL1- rs3806622 and -rs4640525 and APPL2-rs 11112412 variants were evaluated in 223 subjects with clinical diagnosis of NAFLD and compared with 231 healthy subjects. The impact of APPL1 and APPL2 SNPs on liver damage and hepatic steatosis severity has been also evaluated. The minor-allele combination APPL1-C/APPL2-A was associated with an increased risk of NAFLD (OR?=?2.50 95% CI 1.454.32; p<0.001) even after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), triglycerides and adiponectin levels. This allele combination carrier had higher plasma alanine aminotransferase levels (Diff?=?15.08 [7.6022.57] p?=?0.001) and an increased frequency of severe steatosis compared to the reference allele combination (OR?=?3.88; 95% CI 1.5829.531; p<0.001). In conclusion, C-APPL1/A-APPL2 allele combination is associated with NAFLD occurrence, with a more severe hepatic steatosis grade and with a reduced adiponectin cytoprotective effect on liver. PMID:23977033

Barbieri, Michelangela; Esposito, Antonietta; Angellotti, Edith; Rizzo, Maria Rosaria; Marfella, Raffaele; Paolisso, Giuseppe

2013-01-01

298

Monte Carlo Simulations of Light Propagation in Apples  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This paper reports on the investigation of light propagation in fresh apples in the visible and short-wave near-infrared region using Monte Carlo simulations. Optical properties of Golden Delicious apples were determined over the spectral range of 500-1100 nm using a hyperspectral imaging method, ...

299

An approach to non-destructive apple fruit chlorophyll determination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development on the tree of Elstar, Jonagold apples (CW 30CW 45), and Idared, and Golden Delicious apples (CW 36CW 41) was monitored using a recently available, accurate and inexpensive spectroscopic technique. With this technique a spectrum can be obtained at 256 discrete wavelengths in the range from 300 to 1100 nm within 400 ms. In practice the spectral response to

Manuela Zude-Sasse; Ingo Truppel; Bernd Herold

2002-01-01

300

Cystic fibrosis as a rare cause of apple peel syndrome.  

PubMed

Apple peel atresia is a special form of intestinal atresia with absence of mesentery. It is most likely due to an intrauterine intestinal vascular accident and has been described with other anomalies. Meconium ileus can compromise blood supply causing intestinal atresia. Therefore, cystic fibrosis needs to be ruled out in apple peel syndrome. PMID:24435787

Broekaert, I J; van Koningsbruggen-Rietschel, S; Rietschel, E

2014-01-01

301

Estimating Consumersメ Valuation of Organic and Cosmetically Damaged Apples  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mixed probit model was applied to survey data to analyze consumersメ willingness to buy apples with cosmetic damage caused by the sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) disease complex. The analysis finds consumers will pay a premium for organic production methods and for apples with low amounts of SBFS damage. Behavioral variables such as experience in growing fruit significantly affect

Chengyan Yue; Helen H. Jensen; Douglas Bonett; Daren S. Mueller; Gail R. Nonnecke; Mark L. Gleason

2005-01-01

302

Incidence of patulin contamination in apple juice produced in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patulin is a secondary metabolite produced mainly in rotten parts of apples by a wide range of fungi. Due to its mutagenic and teratogenic nature and possible health risks to consumers, many countries have regulations to reduce level of patulin in apple products to as low as practically possible. A survey of the presence of patulin was conducted in 2002

A. Majid Cheraghali; Hamid Reza Mohammadi; Maryam Amirahmadi; Hassan Yazdanpanah; Giti Abouhossain; Firouzeh Zamanian; Mahmoud Ghazi Khansari; Mahshid Afshar

2005-01-01

303

WHOLE SURFACE IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION FOR MACHINE VISION INSPECTION OF APPLES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Recent outbreaks of E. coli O157:H7 in the US serve as reminders of food safety in produce. Unpasteurized apple juice/cider has been identified as a repeated source of E. coli O157:H7 contamination. Apples with diseased or fungal contaminated surfaces, and open skin cuts and bruises may become sites...

304

Cytology of infection of apple leaves by Diplocarpon mali  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Diplocarpon mali, the causal agent of Marssonina leaf blotch of apple, causes severe defoliation during the growing season. Little information is available on the mode of infection and infection process. In this study, the infection strategies of D. mali in apple leaves were investigated using fluor...

305

Managing Apple Summer Diseases Ugly Stubs & Fire Blight  

E-print Network

1 Managing Apple Summer Diseases Ugly Stubs & Fire Blight Lorsban Strawberry Renovation Shoot Conditions: Warm conditions have been favorable for fruit growth of apples, peaches, grapes and berries. Tree. The crop is a bit light in some plantings, but the estimate is for a normal crop this year statewide (about

Ginzel, Matthew

306

Apple-products phytochemicals and processing: a review.  

PubMed

Epidemiological studies have linked the consumption of apples with reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes. Extensive research exists on apples and the health benefits of their beverages and phytochemicals. The purpose of this paper is to review the most recent literature in this area focusing on phytochemicals, phytochemical bioavailability and antioxidant behavior. PMID:19445316

Soler, Carla; Soriano, Jos M; Maes, Jordi

2009-05-01

307

The Benefits of Raw Organic Apple Cider Vinegar  

Microsoft Academic Search

The truly useful apple cider vinegar is not the clear vinegar you find in many stores. There's no health benefit from clear vinegar. The powerful benefits are found in the natural organic Apple Cider Vinegar with a brownish tinge to it and floating stuff inside. The floating matter is called \\

Karen Spencer Dees

308

The Profitability of Hail Netting in Apple Orchards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 40% of the apple orchard area on the Granite Belt in Queensland is covered with nets to protect the crop from hail damage. The effects of hail netting on apple orchard microclimate, productivity and tree growth have been measured over many seasons; however, limited work has been done on evaluating the economic benefits. Cost-benefit analysis was used to calculate

Kristel Whitaker; Simon Middleton

1999-01-01

309

Competition-based Model of Pruning: Applications to Apple Trees  

E-print Network

Competition-based Model of Pruning: Applications to Apple Trees Thomas Cokelaer1 , Damien Fumey1: Plant Modeling, Allocation Model, Pruning Reaction, Apple Trees Introduction Pruning is widely used), or reassignment of bud fates depending on apical dominance (Borchert and Honda, 1984; Lopez et al., 2008), or from

Boyer, Edmond

310

Purification and Serology of Tulare Apple Mosaic Virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

GILMER1, after comparing the woody host range and sap transmission of several virus isolates which caused mosaics in apple (Malus spp.), designated the one which could be mechanically transmitted to herbaceous plants Tulare apple mosaic virus (TAMV). Our TAMV isolate originated from a single primary lesion on the systemic host Nicotiana tabacum L. var. Connecticut Havana 423 inoculated with leaf

G. I. Mink; J. B. Bancroft

1962-01-01

311

TEMPORAL RESPONSE OF APPLE (MALUS) TO FIRE BLIGHT DISEASE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Fire blight, caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora, is a destructive disease of apple, pear, and other plants in the subfamily Maloideae of the Rosaceae. The goal of this study was to use a global analysis of gene expression to characterize the temporal response of apple to infection by E. amyl...

312

Effect of osmotic dewatering on apple tissue structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple cubes were subjected to osmotic dehydration in 61.5% sucrose and changes in tissue structure were examined in light microscope. Fixed and embedded in raisin 3 ?m thick slices were analysed and indices characterising apple tissue structure were calculated with computer image analysis. It was found that osmotic dehydration affects size and shape of cells, and in consequence changes shape

Piotr P. Lewicki; Renata Porzecka-Pawlak

2005-01-01

313

Potential Demand for Apple Hard Cider in Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of market place and consumer research for hard apple cider. The objectives of the research were to determine potential demand for and constraints to the supply of hard apple cider in Michigan. The research was undertaken using on-site and focus group interviews of managers of microbrews, brew-pubs, restaurants and retailers. The research revealed much enthusiasm

Denise Y. Mainville; H. Christopher Peterson

2005-01-01

314

[Standardization of technical methods for apple florescence canopy spectral detection].  

PubMed

Aiming at spectral detection of apple florescence canopy, the present paper carried out spectral detection tests under different weather conditions, different detection times, and different detection heights and angles to apple canopy in the two years of 2008 and 2009, so as to analyze impacts of these factors on apple canopy spectral characteristics and explore standardized spectral detection methods for apple florescence canopy. The results indicated the regularity in spectral reflectance of apple florescence canopy to a certain degree under different conditions, especially in the 760-1 350 nm near-infrared bands. The authors found that canopy spectral reflectance declined along with the decrease in sunshine and it is appropriate to detect canopy spectrum in sunny days with few clouds. In addition, spectral reflectance tended to be stable when the wind scale was below grade 2. The discrepancy of canopy spectra is small during the time period from 10:00 to 15:00 of a day compared to that of other times. For maintaining stable spectral curves, the height of detector to apple canopy needed to be adjusted to cover the whole canopy within the field of view according to detection angle of the detector. The vertical or approximately vertical detection was the best for canopy spectral reflectance acquisition. The standardization of technical methods of spectral detection for apple florescence canopy was proposed accordingly, which provided theoretical references for spectral detection and information extraction of apple tree canopy. PMID:20707156

Zhu, Xi-Cun; Zhao, Geng-Xing; Lei, Tong; Wang, Ling; Dong, Fang; Wang, Jing-An

2010-06-01

315

Cold storage to control codling moth larvae in fresh apples  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Codling moth, Cydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), found in exported apples, Malus sylvestris (L.) var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf., can disrupt international markets. Cold storage at 1.1C was examined for possible control on three physiological larval states in Fuji apples: diapausing ...

316

Nondestructive dynamic testing of apples for firmness evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two nondestructive dynamic test methods, low-mass impact and acoustic response, were tested and compared with destructive compression and penetration tests to evaluate apple firmness. The purpose of the study was to analyze the performance of the impact test methods for nondestructive firmness evaluation, and to assess whether the acoustic tests could add sorting capacity to low-mass impact testing in apples.

I Shmulevich; N Galili; M. S Howarth

2003-01-01

317

A power control MAC protocol for ad hoc networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a power control MAC protocol based on the IEEE 802.11 standard. Several researchers have proposed a simple modification of IEEE 802.11 to incorporate power control. The main idea of these power control schemes is to use different power levels for RTS-CTS and DATA-ACK. Specifically, maximum transmit power is used for RTS-CTS, and the minimum required transmit power

Eun-Sun Jung; Nitin H. Vaidya

2002-01-01

318

A Power Control MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks  

E-print Network

A Power Control MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks Eun-Sun Jung Dept. of Computer Science Texas A!P¥BED¥BG8PU°I£B@T©AGtsP¥SVGSXIFf 8HBED¥qyB@BGI£BED¥|§tw78P¥Sh£8HB@±F²§³´xµ%¶x·§¸U¹kºp»cvwBGVu6AeI78Hvw8G0§p

Han, Richard Y.

319

MacTutor History of Mathematics: General Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reviews the history, theories and contributions that led Albert Einstein to formulate the theories of Special and General Relativity. It starts from the understanding of gravity by the ancient Greek Mathematicians, and ends at the work by Einstein and others in the early 20th century. Hyperlinks are available to biographies of all the important scientists and mathematicians who contributed to the theory. This is part of the extensive MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive.

O'Connor, John

2007-05-21

320

A real-time apple grading system using multicolor space.  

PubMed

This study was focused on the multicolor space which provides a better specification of the color and size of the apple in an image. In the study, a real-time machine vision system classifying apples into four categories with respect to color and size was designed. In the analysis, different color spaces were used. As a result, 97% identification success for the red fields of the apple was obtained depending on the values of the parameter "a" of CIE L*a*b*color space. Similarly, 94% identification success for the yellow fields was obtained depending on the values of the parameter y of CIE XYZ color space. With the designed system, three kinds of apples (Golden, Starking, and Jonagold) were investigated by classifying them into four groups with respect to two parameters, color and size. Finally, 99% success rate was achieved in the analyses conducted for 595 apples. PMID:24574880

Toylan, Hayrettin; Kuscu, Hilmi

2014-01-01

321

Particle films for managing arthropod pests of apple.  

PubMed

A two-season study showed that a calendar-based spray program to manage arthropod pests with kaolin (60 g/liter) applied at the rate of 450 liters/ha was effective against European apple sawfly, Hoplocampa testudinea (Klug) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae); white apple leafhopper, Typhlocyba pomaria McAtee (Homoptera: Cicadellidae); apple red bug, Lygidea mendax Reuter (Heteroptera: Miridae); pear plant bug, Lygocoris communis (Knight) (Heteroptera: Miridae); and the apple rust mite, Aculus schlechtendali (Nalepa) (Acari: Eriophyidae). Although it reduced Curculionidae damage, the level of damage was still too high. It had no effect on apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae); codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae); and tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) (Heteroptera: Miridae). Laboratory studies showed fewer gravid twospotted spider mites, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), and fewer eggs laid by these females. The study also showed no effect of kaolin on Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). PMID:18330129

Bostanian, N J; Racette, G

2008-02-01

322

A Real-Time Apple Grading System Using Multicolor Space  

PubMed Central

This study was focused on the multicolor space which provides a better specification of the color and size of the apple in an image. In the study, a real-time machine vision system classifying apples into four categories with respect to color and size was designed. In the analysis, different color spaces were used. As a result, 97% identification success for the red fields of the apple was obtained depending on the values of the parameter a of CIE L*a*b*color space. Similarly, 94% identification success for the yellow fields was obtained depending on the values of the parameter y of CIE XYZ color space. With the designed system, three kinds of apples (Golden, Starking, and Jonagold) were investigated by classifying them into four groups with respect to two parameters, color and size. Finally, 99% success rate was achieved in the analyses conducted for 595 apples. PMID:24574880

2014-01-01

323

Codling moth of apples and pears The codling moth is a pest of apples and pears in the  

E-print Network

Codling moth of apples and pears The codling moth is a pest of apples and pears in the United or scaffolds. The first moth of the season usually appears shortly in late bloom or petal fall. Moths emerge, where the insecticides do not affect them. Are conditions right for codling moth? Forecast models

324

Malcolm Knowles Finds a Worm in His Apple; Apple's Answer: The Worm Is Turning; Byting Back: The Industry Responds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From his frustrating personal experience with an Apple personal computer, Knowles formulates suggestions for the microcomputer industry on incorporating adult learning principles in software and documentation development. In response, Apple staff and other industry representatives discuss the process of developing reference manuals and the issue

Knowles, Malcolm S.; And Others

1983-01-01

325

Using AppleWorks V1.3 To Construct Data Base Files for the Apple IIe Computer. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This step-by-step guide to using AppleWorks V1.3 to construct database files for the Apple IIe computer covers (1) program loading; (2) selecting the add files to the desktop option; (3) naming the file; (4) the blinking block cursor; (5) naming categories or fields; (6) moving to insert data; (7) inserting data; (8) changing database file

Schlenker, Richard M.

326

The association of Tarsonemus mites (Acari: Heterostigmata) with different apple developmental stages and apple core rot diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on the role of mites in the genus Tarsonemus Canestrini and Fanzago, 1876 in the epidemiology of apple core rots (wet and dry) is limited. The aims of this study were to (1) assess the effect of different apple developmental stages (buds, blossoms, 4-cm diameter fruit, mature fruit and mummies) on the relative abundance of Tasonemus mites, (2) determine

Len Van der Walt; Robert A. Spotts; Eddie A. Ueckermann; Francois J. Smit; Tamaryn Jensen; Adle McLeod

2011-01-01

327

3D Surface Reconstruction and Analysis in Automated Apple Stem-End/Calyx Identification  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Machine vision methods are widely used in apple defect detection and quality grading applications. Currently, 2D near-infrared (NIR) imaging of apples is often used to detect apple defects because the image intensity of the defect is different from the normal apple tissue. However, a drawback of t...

328

Use of cyclodextrin-based polymer for patulin analysis in apple juice  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Penicillium expansum, one of the patulin producing fungi that causes decay on apple, is recognized as the main source of patulin contamination on apple and apple products. The widely used method for patulin analysis in apple juice is liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate followed by HPLC-UV or...

329

Plant Volatiles Mediate Host-Finding Behavior of the Apple Leafcurling Midge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavioral responses of apple leafcurling midge,Dasineura mali Kieffer, mated females to foliage from host and nonhost trees were investigated in a wind tunnel. When released downwind of apple or pear foliage, females exposed to apple were more likely to exhibit upwind flight and to approach and land on foliage. On apple foliage, landings were concentrated on buds and immature

L. D. Galanihe; M. O. Harris

1997-01-01

330

Effect of osmotic dewatering on rheological properties of apple subjected to convective drying  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple v. Idared cut in cubes was dewatered by osmosis and subsequently dried by convection. Dewatering caused substantial changes in mechanical properties of apple tissue. Shrinkage due to osmotic pre-treatment was small but stiffness was half the value obtained by convective drying of apple cubes to the same final water content. In a viscous-elastic model of apple tissue, osmotic treatment

Piotr P Lewicki; Anna Lukaszuk

2000-01-01

331

Two closely related endocytic proteins that share a common OCRL-binding motif with APPL1  

E-print Network

Two closely related endocytic proteins that share a common OCRL-binding motif with APPL1 Laura E effector APPL1 (Adaptor Protein containing pleck- strin homology [PH] domain, PTB domain and Leucine zipper motif 1) APPL1 for OCRL binding. Ses binding is mutually exclusive with APPL1 binding, and is disrupted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

332

The effects of floral understoreys on parasitism of leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on apples in New Zealand  

E-print Network

) on apples in New Zealand N. A. Irvin, S. L. Scarratt, S. D. Wratten, C. M. Frampton*, R. B. Chapman and J. M leafroller pests were carried out in apples at Lincoln, New Zealand. 2 Apple understoreys were planted (Fagopyrum esculentum). 3 Rates of parasitism of experimentally released larvae of the light-brown apple moth

Irvin, Nicola A.

333

Gabor feature-based apple quality inspection using kernel principal component analysis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Automated inspection of apple quality involves computer recognition of good apples and blemished apples based on geometric or statistical features derived from apple images. This paper introduces a Gabor feature-based kernel, principal component analysis (PCA) method; by combining Gabor wavelet rep...

334

Multichannel mac for ad hoc networks: handling multi-channel hidden terminals using a single transceiver  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a medium access control (MAC) protocol for ad hoc wireless networks that utilizes multiple channels dynamically to improve performance. The IEEE 802.11 standard allows for the use of multiple channels available at the physical layer, but its MAC protocol is designed only for a single channel. A single-channel MAC protocol does not work well in a multi-channel

Jungmin So; Nitin H. Vaidya

2004-01-01

335

Community versus citizenship: MacIntyre's revolt against the modern state  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the theorists commonly associated with the communitarian critique of liberalism of the 1980s (Charles Taylor, Michael Sandel, Michael Walzer, and Alasdair MacIntyre), MacIntyre is the one who offers the most radical set of challenges to ways of thinking that typify contemporary liberalism. But does MacIntyre's thought add up to a fully worked?out political philosophy? The specifically political implications of

Ronald Beiner

2000-01-01

336

Genetic control of biennial bearing in apple  

PubMed Central

Although flowering in mature fruit trees is recurrent, floral induction can be strongly inhibited by concurrent fruiting, leading to a pattern of irregular fruiting across consecutive years referred to as biennial bearing. The genetic determinants of biennial bearing in apple were investigated using the 114 flowering individuals from an F1 population of 122 genotypes, from a Starkrimson (strong biennial bearer)בGranny Smith (regular bearer) cross. The number of inflorescences, and the number and the mass of harvested fruit were recorded over 6 years and used to calculate 26 variables and indices quantifying yield, precocity of production, and biennial bearing. Inflorescence traits exhibited the highest genotypic effect, and three quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on linkage group (LG) 4, LG8, and LG10 explained 50% of the phenotypic variability for biennial bearing. Apple orthologues of flowering and hormone-related genes were retrieved from the whole-genome assembly of Golden Delicious and their position was compared with QTLs. Four main genomic regions that contain floral integrator genes, meristem identity genes, and gibberellin oxidase genes co-located with QTLs. The results indicated that flowering genes are less likely to be responsible for biennial bearing than hormone-related genes. New hypotheses for the control of biennial bearing emerged from QTL and candidate gene co-locations and suggest the involvement of different physiological processes such as the regulation of flowering genes by hormones. The correlation between tree architecture and biennial bearing is also discussed. PMID:21963613

Guitton, Baptiste; Kelner, Jean-Jacques; Velasco, Riccardo; Gardiner, Susan E.; Chagn, David; Costes, Evelyne

2012-01-01

337

Copper-mediated repression of the activation domain in the yeast Mac1p transcription factor.  

PubMed

The expression of a number of genes encoding products involved in copper ion uptake in yeast is specifically inhibited by copper ions. We show here that copper metalloregulation occurs through Cu-dependent repression of the transactivation activity of Mac1p. A segment of the yeast transcription factor Mac1p was identified that activated transcription in vivo in a heterologous system using fusion polypeptides with the yeast Gal4 DNA-binding domain. The Gal4/Mac1p hybrid exhibits transactivation activity that is repressed in cells cultured in the presence of copper salts and derepressed in cells with reduced copper uptake. The repressive effect is specific for copper ions. The concentration dependency of the Cu-inactivation of Gal4/Mac1p is similar to that of Cu-inhibition of CTR1 expression, a known Cu-regulated gene in vivo. Copper inhibition of gene expression is not observed with a Gal4/Mac1p chimera containing the MAC1(up1) substitution within the transactivation domain. Cells harboring the MAC1(up1) allele fail to attenuate FRE1 and CTR1 expression in a Cu-dependent manner. Additional MAC1(up) alleles exist within the first of two cysteine-rich sequence motifs adjacent to the His --> Gln MAC1(up1) encoded substitution. Thus, Cu-regulation of Mac1p function arises from a novel Cu-specific repression of the transactivation domain function. Models for the mechanism of Cu-repression of Mac1p function will be discussed. PMID:9159110

Graden, J A; Winge, D R

1997-05-27

338

Electric field measurements during the MAC/EPSILON campaign  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The MAC/EPSILON observational campaign in northern Norway involved the taking of three-axis electric field measurements of the middle atmosphere by means of five rocketborne payloads during October and November, 1987. Simultaneous horizontal electric field measurements made by two of the rocket flights were in general agreement in their limited overlap region. The more extensive horizontal E-field measurements exhibited a decreasing mapping function with decreasing altitude, thereby indicating the presence of fields from a local auroral patch. Small-scale variations in the horizontal fields of the lights were similar to observed wavelike variations in the neutral wind field.

Croskey, C. L.; Hale, L. C.; Mitchell, J. D.; Schmidlin, F. J.; Hoppe, U.-P.

1990-01-01

339

Highly efficient virus-induced gene silencing in apple and soybean by apple latent spherical virus vector and biolistic inoculation.  

PubMed

Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is an effective tool for the analysis of the gene function in plants within a short time. However, in woody fruit tree like apple, some of Solanum crops, and soybean, it is generally difficult to inoculate virus vector by conventional inoculation methods. Here, we show efficient VIGS in apple and soybean by Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vector and biolistic inoculation. The plants inoculated with ALSV vectors by particle bombardment showed uniform silenced phenotypes of target genes within 2-3 weeks post inoculation. PMID:23386303

Yamagishi, Noriko; Yoshikawa, Nobuyuki

2013-01-01

340

Effects of augmentative releases of eggs and larvae of the ladybird beetle, Adalia bipunctata, on the abundance of the rosy apple aphid, Dysaphis plantaginea, in organic apple orchards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of augmentative releases of larvae and eggs of the indigenous ladybird beetle Adalia bipunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) against the rosy apple aphid Dysaphis plantagineaPass. (Homoptera: Aphididae), a major pest insect on apple trees, was assessed in field experiments in Switzerland, during 1997. In a first experiment, eggs and larvae were released on 3-year old apple trees infested with

Eric Wyss; Mathias Villiger; Jean-Louis Hemptinne; Heinz Muller-scharer

1999-01-01

341

Modified summer programme using border sprays for managing codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) and apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) in Ontario apple orchards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficacy of two insecticide control programmes for managing codling moth, Cydia pomonella, and apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella, were compared in commercial apple orchards in Norfolk County, Ontario, Canada, during the 1993 and 1994 growing seasons. In the cover spray programme, sprays of organophosphorous (OP) insecticide for codling moth and apple maggot control were applied to the entire orchard following

R. M. Trimble; B. Solymar

1997-01-01

342

Membrane attack complex (MAC)-mediated damage to spermatozoa: protection of the cells by the presence on their membranes of MAC inhibitory proteins.  

PubMed Central

Although antibody and complement are known to cause immobilization and killing of spermatozoa in vitro the components of the complement system mediating these effects remain undefined. Here we have examined the effects of the membrane attack complex (MAC) on spermatozoa and demonstrate that spermatotoxic effects are dependent on assembly of the complete MAC. We subsequently examined the presence and functional significance of the complement regulatory proteins decay accelerating factor (DAF), MAC-inhibiting protein (MIP) and CD59 antigen on spermatozoa. Both DAF and CD59 antigen were present on the membranes of these cells. Neutralization of CD59 antigen with specific antibodies increased the susceptibility of the cells to MAC-mediated damage, suggesting a role for this molecule in the protection of spermatozoa from complement-mediated damage in the female reproductive tract. Images Figure 2 Figure 4 PMID:1374057

Rooney, I A; Davies, A; Morgan, B P

1992-01-01

343

Steganography in MAC Layers of 802.15.4 Protocol for securing Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

1 Steganography in MAC Layers of 802.15.4 Protocol for securing Wireless Sensor Networks David. Index Terms--wireless sensor networks, steganography, security, 802.15.4 protocol, MAC layer, hidden data I. Introduction Steganography is an old technique that has existed since antiquity. Herodotus

Boyer, Edmond

344

Attacks with Steganography in PHY and MAC Layers of 802.15.4 Protocol  

E-print Network

1 Attacks with Steganography in PHY and MAC Layers of 802.15.4 Protocol David Martins and Hervé with steganographic techniques. In this article, we explain what steganography is, how we can use it in the layers. Index Terms--wireless sensor networks, steganography, security, 802.15.4 protocol, MAC layer I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

345

Joint PHY-MAC Design for Opportunistic Spectrum Access in the Presence of Sensing Errors  

E-print Network

Joint PHY-MAC Design for Opportunistic Spectrum Access in the Presence of Sensing Errors Yunxia the probability of colliding with primary users. Integrated in the joint design are three basic components to errors. We formulate the joint PHY-MAC design of OSA as a constrained partially observable Markov

Islam, M. Saif

346

Design and Analysis of Opportunistic MAC Protocols for Cognitive Radio Wireless Networks  

E-print Network

. First, we propose the cross-layer based multi-channel MAC protocol, which integrates the cooperative spectrum sensing at PHY layer and the interweave-based spectrum access at MAC layer, for the synchronous cognitive radio networks. Second, we propose...

Su, Hang

2012-02-14

347

Server Advantage in Tennis Matches Jonathan Rougier (and Iain MacPhee)  

E-print Network

Server Advantage in Tennis Matches Jonathan Rougier (and Iain MacPhee) Department of Mathematics University of Bristol, UK Iain MacPhee day, 3 April 2014, Durham, UK #12;#12;The fish plot A tennis tie to a PFO with given rule. Under the assumption, the probability of attaining the terminal score i

348

A Low Latency MAC scheme for Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

A Low Latency MAC scheme for Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks Hung-Cuong LE 1 , Hervé GUYENNET which we call LLMAC (Low Latency MAC) for event-driven wireless sensor networks (WSN). In this kind Introduction Wireless sensor network is a very hot research topic tendency in distributed systems. A WSN

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

349

Poster Abstract: A MAC Protocol for Industrial Process Automation and Control  

E-print Network

, the HART communication foundation and the EU funded project GINSENG [1] are both currently working towardsHART). GINSENG uses the MAC protocol described within this paper. WirelessHART uses at its core a MAC protocol redundant routing paths through a mesh network to ensure reliable transmission. GINSENG aims to avoid

Roedig, Utz

350

A Meta-Analytic Review of the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using meta analysis, examined the predictive validity of scores on the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale (C. MacAndrew, 1965). Compared results for 161 studies with results for 63 studies using cut scores. Discusses why the use of continuous measures rather than cut scores is recommended. (SLD)

Cooper-Hakim, Amy; Viswesvaran, Chockalingam

2002-01-01

351

MMAC: a mobility-adaptive, collision-free MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility in wireless sensor networks poses unique challenges to the medium access control (MAC) pro- tocol design. Previous MAC protocols for sensor net- works assume static sensor nodes and focus on energy- efficiency. In this paper, we present a mobility- adaptive, collision-free medium access control protocol (MMAC) for mobile sensor networks. MMAC caters for both weak mobility (e.g., topology changes,

Muneeb Ali; T. Suleman; Zartash Afzal Uzmi

2005-01-01

352

MacCullagh's Ireland: the institutional and cultural space for geometry and physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The origins and settings for James MacCullagh's work in physics are traced from his education in Tyrone and Dublin to his positions in Trinity College Dublin and the Royal Irish Academy. The engagement of MacCullagh and his circle with national political issues in Ireland is examined and a cultural interpretation offered for his work in optics.

Bennett, J.

2010-11-01

353

MACS-VRPTW: A MULTIPLE ANT COLONY SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEMS WITH TIME WINDOWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

MACS-VRPTW, an Ant Colony Optimization based approach useful to solve vehicle routing problems with time windows is presented. MACS-VRPTW is organized with a hierarchy of artificial ant colonies designed to successively optimize a multiple objective function: the first colony minimizes the number of vehicles while the second colony minimizes the traveled distances. Cooperation between colonies is performed by exchanging information

Luca Maria Gambardella; E. Taillard; Giovanni Agazzi

1999-01-01

354

33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. ...of this title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of...

2011-07-01

355

33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. ...of this title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of...

2013-07-01

356

33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. ...of this title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of...

2014-07-01

357

33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. ...of this title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of...

2012-07-01

358

33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165...Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. ...of this title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of...

2010-07-01

359

Mac-1 promotes Fc?RIIA-dependent cell spreading and migration on immune complexes  

PubMed Central

The integrin Mac-1 plays a critical role in Fc receptor (FcR)-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). However, the mechanism by which Mac-1 facilitates the functions of Fc?RIIA, a major FcR expressed on human leukocytes, is not fully understood. We report here that Mac-1 sustains cell adhesion, enhances cell spreading, and accelerates cell migration on pre-formed immune complexes (ICs) by directly interacting with Fc?RIIA but not with the IC substrate. Coupling Mac-1 to Fc?RIIA allows Fc?RIIA to reside in the leading front of actin polymerization at the filopodial extension, and thus could potentially enhance the Fc?RIIA-mediated cell spreading and migration. Direct interaction between Mac-1 and Fc?RIIA is demonstrated by co-immunoprecipitation, by cell surface co-localization, and by solid-phase binding assays using recombinant ?MI-domain and soluble Fc?RIIA. Further mutational analysis identifies the E253-R261 sequence within the ?MI-domain as part of the Fc?RIIA binding interface within Mac-1. Altogether, these results demonstrate that Fc?RIIA recognizes Mac-1 via the ?MI-domain but not the lectin domain, a distinct feature from other FcRs, and that Mac-1 binding confers Fc?RIIA with the ability to prolong cell adhesion as well as to spread and migrate on the ICs, leading to effective cell killing by ADCC. PMID:16846215

Xiong, Ying; Cao, Chunzhang; Makarova, Alexandra; Hyman, Brad; Zhang, Li

2008-01-01

360

Heparin Is an Adhesive Ligand for the Leukocyte Integrin Mac-1 (CDllb/CD18)  

E-print Network

Heparin Is an Adhesive Ligand for the Leukocyte Integrin Mac-1 (CDllb/CD18) Michael S. Diamond, we demonstrate a direct interaction between Mac-1 and heparan sulfate glycans. Heparin affinity to heparin and heparan sulfate, but not to other sulfated glycosaminoglycans. Inhibition studies with m

Springer, Timothy A.

361

An Adaptive Energy-Efficient and Low-Latency MAC for Data Gathering in Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract, In many sensor network applications the major traffic pattern consists of data collected from several source nodes to a sink through a unidirectional tree. In this paper, we propose DMAC, an energy efficient and low latency MAC that is designed and optimized for such data gathering trees in wireless sensor networks. We first show that previously proposed MAC protocols

B. K. Gang Lu; C. Raghavendra

2004-01-01

362

PMAC: An Adaptive Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a novel adaptive MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks. In existing protocols such as SMAC (1), the sensor nodes are put to sleep periodically to save energy. As the duty cycle is fixed in such protocols, the network throughput can degrade under heavy traffic, while under light loads, unwanted energy consumption can occur. In the proposed Pattern-MAC (PMAC)

Tao Zheng; Sridhar Radhakrishnan; Venkatesh Sarangan

2005-01-01

363

Truman's Firing of General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background information on the events that led up to President Harry S. Truman firing General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. Includes a copy of the document dismissing MacArthur from his position. Includes teaching activities corresponding to this event in history. (CMK)

Patterson, Amy; Schamel, Wynell; Potter Lee Ann

2000-01-01

364

A concurrent access MAC protocol for cognitive radio ad hoc networks without common control channel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cognitive radio ad hoc networks (CRAHNs) consist of autonomous nodes that operate in ad hoc mode and aim at efficient utilization of spectrum resources. Usually, the cognitive nodes in a CRAHN exploit a number of available channels, but these channels are not necessarily common to all nodes. Such a network environment poses the problem of establishing a common control channel (CCC) as there might be no channel common to all the network members at all. In designing protocols, therefore, it is highly desirable to consider the network environment with no CCC. In this article, we propose a MAC protocol called concurrent access MAC (CA-MAC) that operates in the network environment with no CCC. The two devices in a communication pair can communicate with each other even if they have only one common channel available. Therefore, the problems with CCC (such as channel saturation and denial of service attacks) can also be resolved. In CA-MAC, channel accesses are distributed over communication pairs, resulting in increased network connectivity. In addition, CA-MAC allows different communication pairs to access multiple channels concurrently. According to our performance study, CA-MAC provides higher network connectivity with shorter channel access delay compared to SYN-MAC, which is the conventional key MAC protocol for the network environment with no CCC, resulting in better network throughput.

Timalsina, Sunil K.; Moh, Sangman; Chung, Ilyong; Kang, Moonsoo

2013-12-01

365

On Channel Selection Strategies for Multi-Channel MAC Protocols in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-print Network

On Channel Selection Strategies for Multi-Channel MAC Protocols in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Ian, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4 Email: {ianw,carey}@cpsc.ucalgary.ca Abstract-- Multi-channel Medium Access to study the impact of channel selection techniques on multi-channel MAC protocol performance, particularly

Williamson, Carey

366

An Adaptive Energy-Efficient and Low-Latency MAC for Data Gathering in Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many sensor network applications the major traffic pattern consists of data collected from several source nodes to a sink through a unidirectional tree. In this paper, we propose DMAC, an energy efficient and low latency MAC that is designed and optimized for such data gathering trees in wireless sensor networks. We first show that previously proposed MAC protocols for

Gang Lu; Bhaskar Krishnamachari; Cauligi S. Raghavendra

367

Morphological evaluation of sperm from infertile men selected by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS).  

PubMed

Electron microscopy analysis performed in five infertile human subjects after sperm selection by swim-up followed by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) demonstrated a decrease in the number of spermatozoa with characteristics compatible with cell death. However, no significant differences were found when the swim-up/MACS semen fraction was compared with swim-up fraction alone. PMID:25454495

Curti, Gianni; Skowronek, Fernanda; Vernochi, Rita; Rodriguez-Buzzi, Ana Laura; Rodriguez-Buzzi, Juan Carlos; Casanova, Gabriela; Sapiro, Rossana

2014-12-01

368

Delay Analysis of IEEE 802.11 PCF MAC based Wireless Networks  

E-print Network

for evaluating the queueing delays at nodes using the IEEE 802.11 Point Coordination Function (PCF) MAC for real and video transmissions as well as multiplayer network gaming, specially in home environments. Supporting these real-time applications requires that the MAC layer provide sufficient delay guarantees and the Point

Sikdar, Biplab

369

42 CFR 405.1108 - MAC actions when request for review or escalation is filed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false MAC actions when request for review or escalation is filed. 405.1108 Section...A and Part B) Medicare Appeals Council Review 405.1108 MAC actions when request for review or escalation is filed. (a)...

2011-10-01

370

THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE GROWTH OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS  

EPA Science Inventory

MAC organisms are able to grow, persist, and colonize in water distribution systems and may amplify in hospital hot water systems. This study examined the response of MAC organisms (M. avium, M. intracellulare, and MX) to a range of temperatures commonly associated with drinking...

371

IEEE 802.11e MAC-Level FEC Performance Evaluation and Enhancement Sunghyun Choi  

E-print Network

for portable/mobile devices. Today, IEEE 802.11 can be considered a wireless version of Ethernet by supportingIEEE 802.11e MAC-Level FEC Performance Evaluation and Enhancement Sunghyun Choi School defined in the upcoming IEEE 802.11e Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol. A novel retransmission

Choi, Sunghyun

372

An Agile and Efficient MAC for Wireless Access over TV Whitespaces  

E-print Network

1 An Agile and Efficient MAC for Wireless Access over TV Whitespaces Supratim Deb, Piyush Gupta, Fellow, IEEE, Kanthi Nagaraj, and Vikram Srinivasan Abstract--The FCC mandate of allowing TV Whitespaces a MAC for wireless LAN access over TV Whitespace. (i) We propose an architecture and beaconing mechanism

Gupta, Piyush

373

A Study of Ethylene in Apple, Red Raspberry, and Cherry  

PubMed Central

High ethylene levels were associated with flower abscission in apple (Malus sylvestris) and cherry (Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus), June drop of immature cherries, and harvest drop of apple and red raspberry (Rubus idaeus). However, an increase in ethylene content was not associated with June drop of apples and harvest drop of cherries. During the period of fruit ripening on the plant, the largest increases in ethylene occurred in apple flesh and red raspberry receptacular tissue. Ethylene remained low throughout the period of sweet and tart cherry ripening. The data obtained indicated marked ethylene gradients between adjacent tissues. Increases of ethylene in some tissues may have resulted from ethylene diffusion from adjacent tissues containing high levels of ethylene. PMID:16658013

Blanpied, G. D.

1972-01-01

374

Apple Can Act as Anti-Aging on Yeast Cells  

PubMed Central

In recent years, epidemiological and biochemical studies have shown that eating apples is associated with reduction of occurrence of cancer, degenerative, and cardiovascular diseases. This association is often attributed to the presence of antioxidants such as ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and polyphenols. The substances that hinder the presence of free radicals are also able to protect cells from aging. In our laboratory we used yeast, a unicellular eukaryotic organism, to determine in vivo efficacy of entire apples and their components, such as flesh, skin and polyphenolic fraction, to influence aging and oxidative stress. Our results indicate that all the apple components increase lifespan, with the best result given by the whole fruit, indicating a cooperative role of all apple components. PMID:22970337

Palermo, Vanessa; Mattivi, Fulvio; Silvestri, Romano; La Regina, Giuseppe; Falcone, Claudio; Mazzoni, Cristina

2012-01-01

375

[Nondestructive discrimination of waxed apples based on hyperspectral imaging technology].  

PubMed

The potential of hyperspectral imaging technology was evaluated for discriminating three types of waxed apples. Three types of apples smeared with fruit wax, with industrial wax, and not waxed respectively were imaged by a hyperspectral imaging system with a spectral range of 308-1 024 nm. ENVI software processing platform was used for extracting hyperspectral image object of diffuse reflection spectral response characteristics. Eighty four of 126 apple samples were selected randomly as calibration set and the rest were prediction set. After different preprocess, the related mathematical models were established by using the partial least squares (PLS), the least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) and BP neural network methods and so on. The results showed that the model of MSC-SPA-LSSVM was the best to discriminate three kinds of waxed apples with 100%, 100% and 92.86% correct prediction respectively. PMID:24059202

Gao, Jun-Feng; Zhang, Hai-Liang; Kong, Wen-Wen; He, Yong

2013-07-01

376

APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Appl. Cognit. Psychol. 19: 361374 (2005)  

E-print Network

APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Appl. Cognit. Psychol. 19: 361­374 (2005) Published online 17 December the definitions for each of 10 vocabulary words, what are the benefits of continued study of the same material

Wixted, John T.

377

Hyperspectral reflectance and fluorescence for assessing apple maturity  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple maturity encompasses multiple quality attributes, including skin and flesh color, flesh firmness, soluble solids, starch, acid, and ethylene production. Nondestructive measurement of these quality attributes is needed for better determining optimal harvest time and implementing appropriate pos...

378

VAPOR-PHASE DECONTAMINATION OF APPLES CONTAINING ESCHERICHIA COLI  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Improved methods of decontaminating apples containing human pathogens are required. In this investigation, application of gaseous antimicrobial agents was investigated. An apparatus, which transfers vapor from hot antimicrobial solutions to a treatment vessel, was evaluated with Golden Delicious app...

379

Apple Procyanidins Suppress Amyloid ?-Protein Aggregation  

PubMed Central

Procyanidins (PCs) are major components of the apple polyphenols (APs). We previously reported that treatment with PC extended the mean lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans (Sunagawa et al., 2011). In order to estimate the neuroprotective effects of PC, we investigated the antiaggregative activity of PC on amyloid ?-protein (A?) aggregation, which is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. We herein report that PC significantly suppressed A?42 aggregation and dissociated A?42 aggregates in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that PC is a potent suppressor of A? aggregation. Furthermore, PC significantly inhibited A?42 neurotoxicity and stimulated proliferation in PC-12 cells. These results suggested that the PC and AP acted as neuroprotective factors against toxic A? aggregates. PMID:21826271

Toda, Toshihiko; Sunagawa, Tadahiro; Kanda, Tomomasa; Tagashira, Motoyuki; Shirasawa, Takuji; Shimizu, Takahiko

2011-01-01

380

'Fuji' and 'Delicious' apple volatile production during high CO2 or low O2 controlled atmosphere storage  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apple [Malus sylvestris var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.] fruit contain many diverse biochemical pathways that are differentially regulated according to development and ripening. From these pathways numerous volatiles contributing to apple aroma are produced. Although apple fruit have an extended s...

381

Cloning and linkage mapping of resistance gene homologues in apple  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple ( Malus x domestica Borkh.) sequences sharing homology with known resistance genes were cloned using a PCR-based approach with degenerate oligonucleotide primers designed on conserved regions of the nucleotide-binding site (NBS). Sequence analysis of the amplified fragments indicated the presence of at least 27 families of NBS-containing genes in apple, each composed of several very similar or nearly identical

P. Baldi; A. Patocchi; E. Zini; C. Toller; R. Velasco; M. Komjanc

2004-01-01

382

MAC-Bridging for Multi-PHYs Communication in BAN  

PubMed Central

Body Area Network (BAN) is a collection of low-power, miniaturised, and intelligent sensor nodes that are used for unobtrusive and ambulatory health monitoring of a patient without any additional constraints. These nodes operate on different frequency bands or Multiple Physical Layers (Multi-PHYs). Additionally, some BAN applications demand a logical connection between different nodes working on different Multi-PHYs. In this paper, the idea of controlling Multi-PHYs using one MAC protocol is introduced. Unlike existing procedures where different nodes working on different channels are connected at the link layer bridging/switching, the proposed procedure called bridging logically connects them at the MAC layer. In other words, the bridge is used to relay or filter packets between different PHYs in the same BAN. Numerical approximations are presented to analyze the stochastic behaviour of the bridges, all of them having Multi-PHYs interfaces. The MICS and the ISM bands are regarded as PHY1 and PHY2, respectively. The performance results are presented for PHY2 (given that data is already received from PHY1) in terms of probability of successful transmission, number of failed requests, power consumption, and delay. Simulations are conducted to validate the analytical results. It can be seen that the deployment of multiple bridges along with the corresponding nodes allows Multi-PHYs communication with high transmission probability, low power consumption, and tolerable delay. PMID:22163447

Ullah, Sana; Khan, Pervez; Ullah, Niamat; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2010-01-01

383

Interference Analysis Status and Plans for Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Interference issues related to the operation of an aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) in the C-Band (specifically 5091-5150 MHz) is being investigated. The issue of primary interest is co-channel interference from AeroMACS into mobile-satellite system (MSS) feeder uplinks. The effort is focusing on establishing practical limits on AeroMACS transmissions from airports so that the threshold of interference into MSS is not exceeded. The analyses are being performed with the software package Visualyse Professional, developed by Transfinite Systems Limited. Results with omni-directional antennas and plans to extend the models to represent AeroMACS more accurately will be presented. These models should enable realistic analyses of emerging AeroMACS designs to be developed from NASA Test Bed, RTCA 223, and European results.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Wilson, Jeffrey D.

2010-01-01

384

Impact of Parameter Variations on the Performance of a Concurrent SDMA MIMO-MAC  

E-print Network

Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA) based Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols have been proposed to enable concurrent communications and improve link throughput in Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) Ad Hoc networks. Performance of these protocols is affected by many physical layer (PHY) parameters, which are not well studied in the literature. In this paper, we first presents an SDMA based MIMO MAC framework that supports concurrent links in Ad Hoc networks. We then study the impact of different PHY & MAC parameters on the link throughput within the network. These parameters include channel estimation errors, adaptive modulation, beamforming, packet aggregation and power constraint. We show that using optimized PHY parameters, a concurrent SDMA MIMO MAC protocol can achieve 15% higher link throughput than a single link based protocol. Results in this paper can provide design insights for concurrent links based SDMA MIMO MAC protocols.

Zhao, Pengkai

2010-01-01

385

Modeling apple surface temperature dynamics based on weather data.  

PubMed

The exposure of fruit surfaces to direct sunlight during the summer months can result in sunburn damage. Losses due to sunburn damage are a major economic problem when marketing fresh apples. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a model for simulating fruit surface temperature (FST) dynamics based on energy balance and measured weather data. A series of weather data (air temperature, humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed) was recorded for seven hours between 11:00-18:00 for two months at fifteen minute intervals. To validate the model, the FSTs of "Fuji" apples were monitored using an infrared camera in a natural orchard environment. The FST dynamics were measured using a series of thermal images. For the apples that were completely exposed to the sun, the RMSE of the model for estimating FST was less than 2.0 C. A sensitivity analysis of the emissivity of the apple surface and the conductance of the fruit surface to water vapour showed that accurate estimations of the apple surface emissivity were important for the model. The validation results showed that the model was capable of accurately describing the thermal performances of apples under different solar radiation intensities. Thus, this model could be used to more accurately estimate the FST relative to estimates that only consider the air temperature. In addition, this model provides useful information for sunburn protection management. PMID:25350507

Li, Lei; Peters, Troy; Zhang, Qin; Zhang, Jingjin; Huang, Danfeng

2014-01-01

386

Modeling Apple Surface Temperature Dynamics Based on Weather Data  

PubMed Central

The exposure of fruit surfaces to direct sunlight during the summer months can result in sunburn damage. Losses due to sunburn damage are a major economic problem when marketing fresh apples. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a model for simulating fruit surface temperature (FST) dynamics based on energy balance and measured weather data. A series of weather data (air temperature, humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed) was recorded for seven hours between 11:0018:00 for two months at fifteen minute intervals. To validate the model, the FSTs of Fuji apples were monitored using an infrared camera in a natural orchard environment. The FST dynamics were measured using a series of thermal images. For the apples that were completely exposed to the sun, the RMSE of the model for estimating FST was less than 2.0 C. A sensitivity analysis of the emissivity of the apple surface and the conductance of the fruit surface to water vapour showed that accurate estimations of the apple surface emissivity were important for the model. The validation results showed that the model was capable of accurately describing the thermal performances of apples under different solar radiation intensities. Thus, this model could be used to more accurately estimate the FST relative to estimates that only consider the air temperature. In addition, this model provides useful information for sunburn protection management. PMID:25350507

Li, Lei; Peters, Troy; Zhang, Qin; Zhang, Jingjin; Huang, Danfeng

2014-01-01

387

42 CFR 405.1140 - MAC review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by a Federal district court.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC review of ALJ decision in a case remanded...Appeals Council Review 405.1140 MAC review of ALJ decision in a case remanded...district court for further consideration and the MAC remands the case to an ALJ, a...

2010-10-01

388

42 CFR 405.1062 - Applicability of local coverage determinations and other policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...determinations and other policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC. 405.1062 Section 405.1062 Public Health...determinations and other policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC. (a) ALJs and the MAC are not bound by LCDs, LMRPs, or CMS program...

2010-10-01

389

42 CFR 423.2140 - MAC Review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by a Federal District Court.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC Review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review 423.2140 MAC Review of ALJ decision in a case remanded...

2010-10-01

390

42 CFR 405.1116 - Effect of dismissal of request for MAC review or request for hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Effect of dismissal of request for MAC review or request for hearing. 405...1116 Effect of dismissal of request for MAC review or request for hearing. The dismissal of a request for MAC review or denial of a request for...

2010-10-01

391

42 CFR 405.1104 - Request for MAC review when an ALJ does not issue a decision timely.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when an ALJ does not issue a decision...Council Review 405.1104 Request for MAC review when an ALJ does not issue a decision...adjudication period under 405.1016 may request MAC review if (1) The appellant...

2010-10-01

392

Mobile PHRs compliance with android and iOS usability guidelines.  

PubMed

Mobile Personal Health Records (PHRs) have achieved a particularly strong market share since the appearance of more powerful mobile devices and popular worldwide mobile application markets such as Apple's App Store and Android's Google Play. However, Android and Apple have a set of recommendations on design and usability targeted towards developers who wish to publish apps in their stores: Android Design Guidelines and iOS Human Interface Guidelines. This paper aims to evaluate compliance with these guidelines by assessing the usability recommendations of a set of 24 selected mobile PHR applications. An analysis process based on a well-known Systematic Literature Review (SLR) protocol was used. The results show that the 24 mobile PHR applications studied are not suitably structured. 46 % of these applications do not use any of the recommended patterns, using instead lists or springboards, which are deprecated patterns for top-level menus. 70 % of the PHRs require a registration to be able to test the application when these interactions should be delayed. Our study will help both PHR users to select user-friendly mobile PHRs and PHR providers and developers to identify the good usability practices implemented by the applications with the highest scores. PMID:24957397

Cruz Zapata, Beln; Hernndez Niirola, Antonio; Idri, Ali; Fernndez-Alemn, Jos Luis; Toval, Ambrosio

2014-08-01

393

Radio Interferometric Calibration via Ordered-Subsets Algorithms: OS-LS and OS-SAGE calibrations  

E-print Network

The main objective of this work is to accelerate the Maximum-Likelihood (ML) estimation procedure in radio interferometric calibration. We introduce the OS-LS and the OS-SAGE radio interferometric calibration methods, as a combination of the Ordered-Subsets (OS) method with the Least-Squares (LS) and Space Alternating Generalized Expectation maximization (SAGE) calibration techniques, respectively. The OS algorithm speeds up the ML estimation and achieves nearly the same level of accuracy of solutions as the one obtained by the non-OS methods. We apply the OS-LS and OS-SAGE calibration methods to simulated observations and show that these methods have a much higher convergence rate relative to the conventional LS and SAGE techniques. Moreover, the obtained results show that the OS-SAGE calibration technique has a superior performance compared to the OS-LS calibration method in the sense of achieving more accurate results while having significantly less computational cost.

Kazemi, S; Zaroubi, S

2013-01-01

394

Determination of catechin and epicatechin in the peel of apple varieties resistant and non-resistant to apple scab  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catechin and epicatechin were analysed in the peel of six apple cultivars (three resistant and three non-resistant to apple\\u000a scab). Two methods of analytical sample preparation following extraction were tested: solid phase extraction and column separation\\u000a with Sephadex LH-20 coupled to a differential refractometric detector. Prior to GC and GC-MS analyses, these compounds were\\u000a silylized. This permitted co-injection with standards

Marek Go??biowski; Edmund Mali?ski; Ma?gorzata Szankin; Mariusz Marszeniuk; Monika Paszkiewicz; Piotr Stepnowski

2010-01-01

395

Miocene seawater 187Os/ 188Os ratios inferred from metalliferous carbonates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seawater 187Os/ 188Os ratios for the Middle Miocene were reconstructed by measuring the 187Os/ 188Os ratios of metalliferous carbonates from the Pacific (DSDP 598) and Atlantic (DSDP 521) oceans. Atlantic and Pacific 187Os/ 188Os measurements are nearly indistinguishable and are consistent with previously published Os isotope records from Pacific cores. The Atlantic data reported here provide the first direct evidence that the long-term sedimentary 187Os/ 188Os record reflects whole-ocean changes in the Os isotopic composition of seawater. The Pacific and the Atlantic Os measurements confirm a long-term 0.01/Myr increase in marine 187Os/ 188Os ratios that began no later than 16 Ma. The beginning of the Os isotopic increase coincided with a decrease in the rate of increase of marine 87Sr/ 86Sr ratios at 16 Ma. A large increase of 1 in benthic foraminiferal ?18O values, interpreted to reflect global cooling and ice sheet growth, began approximately 1 million years later at 14.8 Ma, and the long-term shift toward lower bulk carbonate ?13C values began more than 2 Myr later around 13.6 Ma. The post-16 Ma increase in marine 187Os/ 188Os ratios was most likely forced by weathering of radiogenic materials, either old sediments or sialic crust with a sedimentary protolith. We consider two possible Miocene-specific geologic events that can account for both this increase in marine 187Os/ 188Os ratios and also nearly constant 87Sr/ 86Sr ratios: (1) the first glacial erosion of sediment-covered cratons in the Northern Hemisphere; (2) the exhumation of the Australian passive margin-New Guinea arc system. The latter event offers a mechanism, via enhanced availability of soluble Ca and Mg silicates in the arc terrane, for the maintenance of assumed low CO 2 levels after 15 Ma. The temporal resolution (three samples/Myr) of the 187Os/ 188Os record from Site 598, for which a stable isotope stratigraphy was also constructed, is significantly higher than that of previously published records. These high resolution data suggest oscillations with amplitudes of 0.01 to 0.02 and periods of around 1 Myr. Although variations in the 187Os/ 188Os record of this magnitude can be easily resolved analytically, this higher frequency signal must be verified at other sites before it can be safely interpreted as global in extent. However, the short-term 187Os/ 188Os variations may correlate inversely with short-term benthic foraminiferal ?18O and bulk carbonate ?13C variations that reflect glacioeustatic events.

Reusch, Douglas N.; Ravizza, Greg; Maasch, Kirk A.; Wright, James D.

1998-07-01

396

Yin-Yang Regulation of Adiponectin Signaling by APPL Isoforms in Muscle Cells*  

PubMed Central

APPL1 is a newly identified adiponectin receptor-binding protein that positively mediates adiponectin signaling in cells. Here we report that APPL2, an isoform of APPL1 that forms a dimer with APPL1, can interacts with both AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 and acts as a negative regulator of adiponectin signaling in muscle cells. Overexpression of APPL2 inhibits the interaction between APPL1 and AdipoR1, leading to down-regulation of adiponectin signaling in C2C12 myotubes. In contrast, suppressing APPL2 expression by RNAi significantly enhances adiponectin-stimulated glucose uptake and fatty acid oxidation. In addition to targeting directly to and competing with APPL1 in binding with the adiponectin receptors, APPL2 also suppresses adiponectin and insulin signaling by sequestrating APPL1 from these two pathways. In addition to adiponectin, metformin also induces APPL1-APPL2 dissociation. Taken together, our results reveal that APPL isoforms function as an integrated Yin-Yang regulator of adiponectin signaling and mediate the cross-talk between adiponectin and insulin signaling pathways in muscle cells. PMID:19661063

Wang, Changhua; Xin, Xiaoban; Xiang, Ruihua; Ramos, Fresnida J.; Liu, Meilian; Lee, Hak Joo; Chen, Hongzhi; Mao, Xuming; Kikani, Chintan K.; Liu, Feng; Dong, Lily Q.

2009-01-01

397

OsTDL1A binds to the LRR domain of rice receptor kinase MSP1, and is required to limit sporocyte numbers.  

PubMed

Hybrids lose heterotic yield advantage when multiplied sexually via meiosis. A potential alternative breeding system for hybrids is apospory, where female gametes develop without meiosis. Common among grasses, apospory begins in the nucellus, where aposporous initials (AIs) appear near the sexual megaspore mother cell (MeMC). The cellular origin of AIs is obscure, but one possibility, suggested by the mac1 and msp1 mutants of maize and rice, is that AIs are apomeiotic derivatives of the additional MeMCs that appear when genetic control over sporocyte numbers is relaxed. MULTIPLE SPOROCYTES1 (MSP1) encodes a leucine-rich-repeat receptor kinase, which is orthologous to EXS/EMS1 in Arabidopsis. Like mac1 and msp1, exs/ems1 mutants produce extra sporocytes in the anther instead of a tapetum, causing male sterility. This phenotype is copied in mutants of TAPETUM DETERMINANT1 (TPD1), which encodes a small protein hypothesized to be an extracellular ligand of EXS/EMS1. Here we show that rice contains two TPD1-like genes, OsTDL1A and OsTDL1B. Both are co-expressed with MSP1 in anthers during meiosis, but only OsTDL1A and MSP1 are co-expressed in the ovule. OsTDL1A binds to the leucine-rich-repeat domain of MSP1 in yeast two-hybrid assays and bimolecular fluorescence complementation in onion cells; OsTDL1B lacks this capacity. When driven by the maize Ubiquitin1 promoter, RNA interference against OsTDL1A phenocopies msp1 in the ovule but not in the anther. Thus, RNAi produces multiple MeMCs without causing male sterility. We conclude that OsTDL1A binds MSP1 in order to limit sporocyte numbers. OsTDL1A-RNAi lines may be suitable starting points for achieving synthetic apospory in rice. PMID:18248596

Zhao, Xinai; de Palma, Justina; Oane, Rowena; Gamuyao, Rico; Luo, Ming; Chaudhury, Abdul; Herv, Philippe; Xue, Qingzhong; Bennett, John

2008-05-01

398

Women Have the Same Desflurane MAC as Men: A Prospective Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Women generally report greater sensitivity to pain than do men, and healthy young women require 20% more anesthetic than healthy age-matched men to prevent movement in response to noxious electrical stimulation. In contrast, MAC for xenon is 26% less in elderly Japanese women than in elderly Japanese men. Whether anesthetic requirement is similar in men and women thus remains in dispute. We therefore tested the hypothesis that the desflurane concentration required to prevent movement in response to skin incision (MAC) differs in men and women. Methods: Using the Dixon up and down method, we determined MAC for desflurane in 15 female and 15 male patients undergoing surgery (1840 yr). Results: MAC was 6.2 0.4% desflurane for women vs. 6.0 0.3% for men (P = 0.31), a difference of only 3%. These data provide 90% power to detect a 9% difference between the groups. Conclusion: MAC of desflurane did not differ between young men and women undergoing surgery with a true surgical incision. While pain sensitivity may differ in women versus men, MAC of desflurane does not. Summary Statement: MAC for desflurane was similar in young adult women and men (6.2 0.4% desflurane for women vs. 6.0 0.3% for men; P = 0.31). This contrasts with previous results in which anesthetic requirement was based on the response to electrical stimulation and with studies showing that women report more pain than men. PMID:14576540

Wadhwa, Anupama; Durrani, Jaleel; Sengupta, Papiya; Doufas, Anthony G.; Sessler, Daniel I

2005-01-01

399

MacTutor (MT) History of Mathematics Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, MacTutor is a comprehensive archive that contains biographies of over 1100 mathematicians, from Niels Abel to Antoni Zygmund. Mathematicians can be accessed alphabetically or chronologically. Biographies contain birth and death information, along with a synopsis of the mathematician's work and references. The site also contains a history topics section, with short articles on over twenty topics ranging from Babylonian and Egyptian mathematics to the quantum age, as well as an overall chronology of mathematicians, a birthplace map (for those born in Western Europe), and a selection of short articles on over 60 famous curves. The site is searchable, and is one of the most exhaustive mathematics history sites on the Internet.

Robertson, Edmund F.

1997-01-01

400

Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination (GeoMAC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Internet-based mapping tool was originally designed for fire managers to access online maps of current fire locations and perimeters in the conterminous 48 States and Alaska. Using a standard web browser, fire personnel can download this information to pinpoint the affected areas. With the growing concern of western wildland fires in the summer of 2000, this application also became available to the public. The GeoMac website allows users in remote locations to manipulate map information and printing hard copy for use in fire information and media briefings, dispatch offices and coordination centers. The fire maps also have relational databases in which the user can display information on individual fires such as name of the fire, current acreage and other fire status information.

2002-10-11

401

Middle atmosphere electrical structure during MAC/EPSILON  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Extensive use of rocket-launched probes during the the MAC/EPSILON campaign at the Andoya Rocket Range, Norway, has enabled the characterization of the region's electrical environment for all four flight series. The first rocket salvo was conducted during daylight (October 15, 1987) and the subsequent three occurred at night (October 21 and 28 and November 12, 1987), all of them during geomagnetically disturbed conditions. Measurements of polar electrical conductivity, ion mobility, and number density are presented, and their associated structure is investigated for local auroral ionization effects. This is believed to be the first time that Gerdien condenser mobility measurements have indicated a heavy-ion presence (positively charged aerosols) in the auroral mesopause region.

Mitchell, J. D.; Croskey, C. L.; Blood, S. P.; Li, C.; Hale, L. C.; Goldberg, R. A.

1990-01-01

402

Power allocation for maximizing the MAC capacity via majorization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optimal power allocation for maximizing the sum capacity of multiple access channel (MAC) with quality-of-service (QoS) constraints is investigated in this paper. Majorization theory is the underlying mathematical theory on which our method hinges. It is shown that the optimal structure of the solution can be easily obtained via majorization theory. Furthermore, based on our new approach, an efficient searching method for power allocation is developed by restricting the attention to a new searching variable. Our new method requires less than half of the computational cost of the existing method in the worst case and is even much faster in general. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of our method.

Dai, Jisheng; Chang, Chunqi

2014-12-01

403

Rocket measurements of electron density irregularities during MAC/SINE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Four Super Arcas rockets were launched at the Andoya Rocket Range, Norway, as part of the MAC/SINE campaign to measure electron density irregularities with high spatial resolution in the cold summer polar mesosphere. They were launched as part of two salvos: the turbulent/gravity wave salvo (3 rockets) and the EISCAT/SOUSY radar salvo (one rocket). In both salvos meteorological rockets, measuring temperature and winds, were also launched and the SOUSY radar, located near the launch site, measured mesospheric turbulence. Electron density irregularities and strong gradients were measured by the rocket probes in the region of most intense backscatter observed by the radar. The electron density profiles (8 to 4 on ascent and 4 on descent) show very different characteristics in the peak scattering region and show marked spatial and temporal variability. These data are intercompared and discussed.

Ulwick, J. C.

1989-01-01

404

Multiple plant hormones and cell wall metabolism regulate apple fruit maturation patterns and texture attributes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Molecular events regulating apple fruit ripening and sensory quality are largely unknown. Such knowledge is essential for genomic-assisted apple breeding and postharvest quality management. In this study, a parallel transcriptome profile analysis, scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination and...

405

Multistate Outbreak of Listeriosis Linked to Commercially Produced, Prepackaged Caramel Apples  

MedlinePLUS

... people or animals from eating them. Recalled Granny Smith and Gala apples may still be in consumer ... Retailers should not sell or serve recalled Granny Smith and Gala apples produced by Bidart Bros, including ...

406

Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal. 30 (2011) 407422 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-print Network

Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal. 30 (2011) 407­422 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied. / Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal. 30 (2011) 407­422 The literature offers several automatic ways for choosing

Eldar, Yonina

407

Antioxidant Response Mechanism in Apples during Post-Harvest Storage and Implications for Human Health Benefits.  

E-print Network

??The biochemical factors affecting post-harvest preservation in apples indicated that well-preserved varieties of apples had increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity initially and the activity declined (more)

Adyanthaya, Ishan

2007-01-01

408

Pure appl. geophys. 157 (2000) 11351143 00334553/00/08113519 $ 1.50+0.20/0  

E-print Network

Pure appl. geophys. 157 (2000) 1135­1143 0033­4553/00/081135­19 $ 1.50+0.20/0 Tsunamis Generated, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky 683006, Russia. #12;Alexander Belousov et al.1136 Pure appl. geophys., expand

Belousov, Alexander

409

Cultivar Variation in Apple Fruit Firmness and Texture During Maturation, Ripening and Storage  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Firmness and texture dynamics of apple cultivars ('Delicious', 'Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious', 'Honeycrisp', and Pink Lady) with a range of maturation and ripening characteristics were instrumentally assessed. Apples were harvested on multiple dates during maturation, and fruit from a harvest...

410

190Pt 186Os and 187Re 187Os systematics of abyssal peridotites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abyssal peridotites are normally thought to be residues of melting of the mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) source and are presumably a record of processes affecting the upper mantle. Samples from a single section of abyssal peridotite from the Kane Transform area in the Atlantic Ocean were examined for 190Pt186Os and 187Re187Os systematics. They have uniform 186Os\\/188Os ratios with a mean

Alan D Brandon; Jonathan E Snow; Richard J Walker; John W Morgan; Timothy D Mock

2000-01-01

411

An extended smart utilization medium access control (ESU-MAC) protocol for ad hoc wireless systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand for spontaneous setup of a wireless communication system has increased in recent years for areas like battlefield, disaster relief operations etc., where a pre-deployment of network infrastructure is difficult or unavailable. A mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is a promising solution, but poses a lot of challenges for all the design layers, specifically medium access control (MAC) layer. Recent existing works have used the concepts of multi-channel and power control in designing MAC layer protocols. SU-MAC developed by the same authors, efficiently uses the 'available' data and control bandwidth to send control information and results in increased throughput via decreasing contention on the control channel. However, SU-MAC protocol was limited for static ad-hoc network and also faced the busy-receiver node problem. We present the Extended SU-MAC (ESU-MAC) protocol which works mobile nodes. Also, we significantly improve the scheme of control information exchange in ESU-MAC to overcome the busy-receiver node problem and thus, further avoid the blockage of control channel for longer periods of time. A power control scheme is used as before to reduce interference and to effectively re-use the available bandwidth. Simulation results show that ESU-MAC protocol is promising for mobile, ad-hoc network in terms of reduced contention at the control channel and improved throughput because of channel re-use. Results show a considerable increase in throughput compared to SU-MAC which could be attributed to increased accessibility of control channel and improved utilization of data channels due to superior control information exchange scheme.

Vashishtha, Jyoti; Sinha, Aakash

2006-05-01

412

RIOT OS: Towards an OS for the Internet of Things Emmanuel Baccelli and Oliver Hahm  

E-print Network

RIOT OS: Towards an OS for the Internet of Things Emmanuel Baccelli and Oliver Hahm INRIA, France, Germany Abstract--The Internet of Things (IoT) is characterized by heterogeneous devices. They range from running on Internet hosts, nor a typical OS for sensor networks are capable to fulfill the diverse

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

413

Apple skin patterning is associated with differential expression of MYB10  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSome apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) varieties have attractive striping patterns, a quality attribute that is important for determining apple fruit market\\u000a acceptance. Most apple cultivars (e.g. 'Royal Gala') produce fruit with a defined fruit pigment pattern, but in the case of\\u000a 'Honeycrisp' apple, trees can produce fruits of two different kinds: striped and blushed. The causes of this phenomenon

Adriana Telias; Kui Lin-Wang; David E Stevenson; Janine M Cooney; Roger P Hellens; Andrew C Allan; Emily E Hoover; James M Bradeen

2011-01-01

414

Copper uptake and depuration by juvenile and adult Florida apple snails ( Pomacea paludosa )  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study characterized copper (Cu) uptake and depuration by juvenile and adult Florida apple snails (Pomacea paludosa) from water, soil, and diet. During a 28-day uptake period, juvenile apple snails were exposed to aqueous Cu and adult apple\\u000a snails were exposed to Cu-contaminated soil, water, and food. In the follow-up 14-day depuration period, both juvenile and\\u000a adult apple snails

Tham C. Hoang; Emily C. Rogevich; Gary M. Rand; Robert A. Frakes

2008-01-01

415

McMAC: Towards a MAC Protocol with Multi-Constrained QoS Provisioning for Diverse Traffic in Wireless Body Area Networks  

PubMed Central

The emergence of heterogeneous applications with diverse requirements for resource-constrained Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) poses significant challenges for provisioning Quality of Service (QoS) with multi-constraints (delay and reliability) while preserving energy efficiency. To address such challenges, this paper proposes McMAC, a MAC protocol with multi-constrained QoS provisioning for diverse traffic classes in WBANs. McMAC classifies traffic based on their multi-constrained QoS demands and introduces a novel superframe structure based on the transmit-whenever-appropriate principle, which allows diverse periods for diverse traffic classes according to their respective QoS requirements. Furthermore, a novel emergency packet handling mechanism is proposed to ensure packet delivery with the least possible delay and the highest reliability. McMAC is also modeled analytically, and extensive simulations were performed to evaluate its performance. The results reveal that McMAC achieves the desired delay and reliability guarantee according to the requirements of a particular traffic class while achieving energy efficiency. PMID:23202224

Monowar, Muhammad Mostafa; Hassan, Mohammad Mehedi; Bajaber, Fuad; Al-Hussein, Musaed; Alamri, Atif

2012-01-01

416

Hyperhydricity in apple: ultrastructural and physiological aspects.  

PubMed

We studied the effects of hyperhydricity on subcellular ultrastructure and physiology of leaves during in vitro regeneration of apple plants. Morphological, anatomical and ultrastructural differences between healthy leaf tissues obtained from greenhouse-grown plants and healthy and hyperhydric leaves obtained from shoots raised from nodal shoot explants in a bioreactor were investigated by electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Compared with healthy leaves, hyperhydric leaves showed abnormal, often discontinuous development of the epidermis and cuticle. Stomata were malformed. The leaf lamina appeared thickened and was characterized by poor differentiation between the palisade and spongy mesophyll tissue. Hyperhydric leaves had a significantly lower chloroplast number per cell and chloroplasts showed reduced thylakoid stacking compared with healthy leaves. Hyperhydricity resulted in a general decrease in concentrations of reduced and oxidized pyridine nucleotides, reflecting a reduction in metabolic activity. The activities of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and glutathione reductase were higher in hyperhydric leaves than in healthy leaves, indicating that hyperhydricity was associated with oxidative stress. Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements provided evidence of oxidative damage to the photosynthetic machinery in hyperhydric leaves: photochemical efficiency of photosystem II, effective quantum efficiency and photochemical quenching were all lower in hyperhydric leaves compared with healthy leaves. PMID:16356908

Chakrabarty, D; Park, S Y; Ali, M B; Shin, K S; Paek, K Y

2006-03-01

417

Healthcare resource management: integrating apples and oranges.  

PubMed

Over the past several years this journal has published numerous articles on the merits and benefits of effective resource management. Independently, these articles have supported the value of effective supply and materials management, management engineering and system restructuring, and clinical resource management in being able to save healthcare dollars by designing and injecting efficiencies into the healthcare delivery system. While most of these resource management activities have utilized very similar strategies (see Table 1 "Tools For Improvement"), much of the process revision and progress has remained within the walls of their own individual disciplines. Any widescale attempts to try to fully integrate all of these activities have been hampered by the intricacies of trying to mix apples and oranges. Despite these individual departmental gains, the challenge to conserve healthcare costs continues to permeate throughout all levels of the organization, and institutions are finally beginning to recognize the added value of merging these activities into a more centralized coordinated approach to resource management. Presented is a discussion on the potential value of developing a well-focused, integrated resource management program. PMID:10176186

Rosenstein, A H

1997-12-01

418

ONLINE HYPERSPECTRAL LINE-SCAN FLUORESCENCE IMAGING FOR SAFETY INSPECTION OF APPLES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A recently developed fast hyperspectral line-scan imaging system integrated with a commercial apple-sorting machine was evaluated for rapid detection of animal feces matter on apples online. Golden Delicious apples obtained from a local orchard were artificially contaminated with a thin smear of co...

419

Using entomopathogenic nematodes to manage codling moth in organic apple orchards in Michigan  

E-print Network

Using entomopathogenic nematodes to manage codling moth in organic apple orchards in Michigan equipment. The codling moth (Cydia Pomonella [L.]) is a serious pest of apples worldwide and is of critical concern in commercial apple production. Codling moth larvae pupate and overwinter in silk cocoons under

420

Molecular markers linked to the apple scab resistance gene Vbj derived from Malus baccata jackii  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breeding for scab-resistant apple cultivars by pyramiding several resistance genes in the same genetic background is a promising way to control apple scab caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis. To achieve this goal, DNA markers linked to the genes of interest are required in order to select seedlings with the desired resistance allele combinations. For several apple scab resistance genes,

M Gygax; L Gianfranceschi; M Kellerhals; C Gessler; A Patocchi

2004-01-01

421

Alteration of 'Granny Smith' Apple Peel Metabolic Profiles by Postharvest UV/Visable Irradiation  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Light exposure stimulates an array of responses in apple peel including photosynthesis and pigment metabolism. While the specifics of many metabolic processes stimulated by light are known, impacts of light on primary metabolism in apple peel are relatively uncharacterized. Granny Smith apples, ...

422

Detection of drought tolerant genes within seedling apple rootstocks in Syria  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This investigation was conducted to detect the drought tolerant genes (four genes) within seedling apple rootstocks derived from five apple genotypes, including Syrian apple cultivars. The results showed that the gene MdPepPro (a cyclophilin) was found in all studied genotypes and their progenies e...

423

Choosing between an Apple and a Chocolate Bar: the Impact of Health and Taste Labels  

PubMed Central

Increasing the consumption of fruit and vegetables is a central component of improving population health. Reasons people give for choosing one food over another suggest health is of lower importance than taste. This study assesses the impact of using a simple descriptive label to highlight the taste as opposed to the health value of fruit on the likelihood of its selection. Participants (N=439) were randomly allocated to one of five groups that varied in the label added to an apple: apple; healthy apple; succulent apple; healthy and succulent apple; succulent and healthy apple. The primary outcome measure was selection of either an apple or a chocolate bar as a dessert. Measures of the perceived qualities of the apple (taste, health, value, quality, satiety) and of participant characteristics (restraint, belief that tasty foods are unhealthy, BMI) were also taken. When compared with apple selection without any descriptor (50%), the labels combining both health and taste descriptors significantly increased selection of the apple (healthy & succulent 65.9% and succulent & healthy 62.4%), while the use of a single descriptor had no impact on the rate of apple selection (healthy 50.5% and succulent 52%). The strongest predictors of individual dessert choice were the taste score given to the apple, and the lack of belief that healthy foods are not tasty. Interventions that emphasize the taste attributes of healthier foods are likely to be more effective at achieving healthier diets than those emphasizing health alone. PMID:24155964

Forwood, Suzanna E.; Walker, Alexander D.; Hollands, Gareth J.; Marteau, Theresa M.

2013-01-01

424

AUTOMATED DETECTION OF FECAL CONTAMINATION OF APPLES BY MULTISPECTRAL LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE IMAGING  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Feces from dairy cows and deer are suspected of being sources of microbiological contamination of apples by disease causing organisms such as E.coli:O157. Contaminated apples have caused illness and death when used to make unpasteurized apple juice or cider. The potential for using fluorescent compo...

425

Choosing between an apple and a chocolate bar: the impact of health and taste labels.  

PubMed

Increasing the consumption of fruit and vegetables is a central component of improving population health. Reasons people give for choosing one food over another suggest health is of lower importance than taste. This study assesses the impact of using a simple descriptive label to highlight the taste as opposed to the health value of fruit on the likelihood of its selection. Participants (N=439) were randomly allocated to one of five groups that varied in the label added to an apple: apple; healthy apple; succulent apple; healthy and succulent apple; succulent and healthy apple. The primary outcome measure was selection of either an apple or a chocolate bar as a dessert. Measures of the perceived qualities of the apple (taste, health, value, quality, satiety) and of participant characteristics (restraint, belief that tasty foods are unhealthy, BMI) were also taken. When compared with apple selection without any descriptor (50%), the labels combining both health and taste descriptors significantly increased selection of the apple ('healthy & succulent' 65.9% and 'succulent & healthy' 62.4%), while the use of a single descriptor had no impact on the rate of apple selection ('healthy' 50.5% and 'succulent' 52%). The strongest predictors of individual dessert choice were the taste score given to the apple, and the lack of belief that healthy foods are not tasty. Interventions that emphasize the taste attributes of healthier foods are likely to be more effective at achieving healthier diets than those emphasizing health alone. PMID:24155964

Forwood, Suzanna E; Walker, Alexander D; Hollands, Gareth J; Marteau, Theresa M

2013-01-01

426

Biodiversity of Total Phenolics, Antioxidant Capacity, and Juice Quality in Apple Cider Taxa  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Apples are known to contain antioxidants that may play an important role in human health by providing protection against reactive free radicals affecting a wide range of biological molecules including nucleic acids, lipids, and proteins. While fresh apple juice is a main product of processed apples,...

427

Dumping Low and High Resolution Graphics on the Apple IIe Microcomputer System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses and outlines procedures for obtaining a hard copy of the graphic output of a microcomputer or "dumping a graphic" using the Apple Dot Matrix Printer with the Apple Parallel Interface Card, and the Imagewriter Printer with the Apple Super Serial Interface Card. Hardware configurations and instructions for high resolution and

Fletcher, Richard K., Jr.; Ruckman, Frank, Jr.

428

Effects of birch pollen-specific immunotherapy on apple allergy in birch pollen-hypersensitive patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Background Most patients with birch pollen allergy report oral allergy symptoms after eating fresh apples and other vegetable foods. Major birch pollen and apple allergens, Bet v 1 and Mal d 1, are highly homologous; as a consequence, pollen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) might be expected to improve apple hypersensitivity. Objective To evaluate the clinical and immunological effects of birch pollen

Asero

1998-01-01

429

J. Math. Anal. Appl. 355 (2009) 180194 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-print Network

J. Math. Anal. Appl. 355 (2009) 180­194 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal exchange in a spatio-temporal material composite with rectangular microstructure, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 314- temporal material composite with rectangular microstructure, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 314 (2006) 286

Weekes, Suzanne L.

430

SuperPILOT: A Comprehensive Computer-Assisted Instruction Programming Language for the Apple II Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation describes SuperPILOT, an extended version of Apple PILOT, a programming language for developing computer-assisted instruction (CAI) with the Apple II computer that includes the features of its early PILOT (Programmed Inquiry, Learning or Teaching) ancestors together with new features that make use of the Apple computer's advanced

Falleur, David M.

431

Inhibition of Shiga Toxin 2 (Stx2) in Apple Juices and its Resistance to Pasteurization  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In the present study, we evaluated Shiga toxin (Stx2) activity in apple juices by measuring a decrease in dehydrogenase activity of Vero cells with the microculture tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Freshly prepared juice from Red Delicious apples and Golden Delicious apples inhibited the biological activity...

432

Physiological correlations and bud dormancy in the apple tree (Malus domestica Borkh.)  

E-print Network

Physiological correlations and bud dormancy in the apple tree (Malus domestica Borkh.) O. Bailly J Introduction During their autumn rest period, terminal and axillary buds of apple trees exhibit dif- ferent buds in apple could be responsible for the shallow dormancy exhibited by these buds. Never- theless

Boyer, Edmond

433

MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 4: October 1, 2014  

E-print Network

MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 4: October 1, 2014 Emily Pochubay and Nikki Rothwell, Extension Fruit Educators Apples are maturing slowly, growers are spot picking-pruned orchards has excellent color. Size in most varieties is also very good; some Honeycrisp apples that had

434

Stem and calyx recognition on `Jonagold' apples by pattern recognition D. Unay *, B. Gosselin  

E-print Network

Stem and calyx recognition on `Jonagold' apples by pattern recognition D. Unay *, B. Gosselin TCTS Abstract In this paper, a novel method to recognize stem or calyx regions of `Jonagold' apples by pattern to the ones introduced in the literature. ? 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Apple; Stem

?nay, Devrim

435

http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/ MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014  

E-print Network

http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/ MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Gingergold harvest continues, and many growers are waiting on McIntosh harvest to begin. Apples are coloring nicely with the cool temperatures. Cool temperatures have hit the northwest region, and apple maturity

436

USDA RAMP PROJECT -New York 2003 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION  

E-print Network

USDA RAMP PROJECT - New York 2003 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION of a seasonal program to control insect and mite pests of apples using selective (non-OP, carbamate sites set up in 2002 in all major apple growing areas of New York: Western NY (Russell, Appleton; Lamont

Agnello, Arthur M.

437

Comparing Apples and Oranges Through Partial Orders: An Empirical Peter Kingston and Magnus Egerstedt  

E-print Network

Comparing Apples and Oranges Through Partial Orders: An Empirical Approach Peter Kingston the comparison of apples and oranges is presented to highlight the operation of the proposed approach. I. INTRODUCTION As the saying goes, one can not compare apples and oranges. But why not? It is clear that some

Egerstedt, Magnus

438

A QUALITY GRADING APPROACH FOR 'JONAGOLD' APPLES Devrim Unay, Bernard Gosselin  

E-print Network

A QUALITY GRADING APPROACH FOR 'JONAGOLD' APPLES 1 Devrim Unay, Bernard Gosselin 1 unay for 'Jonagold' apples. The system is composed of pre-processing, classification, post-processing and decision-taking steps. It is tested by a database of 819 apple images and the resulting images are compared

Dupont, Stéphane

439

Automatic Defect Segmentation of `Jonagold'1 Apples on Multi-Spectral Images: A2  

E-print Network

Automatic Defect Segmentation of `Jonagold'1 Apples on Multi-Spectral Images: A2 Comparative Study3' apples. Observations12 showed that segmentation by supervised classifiers was more accurate than the13, apple, machine vision, thresholding, classifiers20 Preprint submitted to Elsevier Science 19 April 2006

Dupont, Stéphane

440

USDA RAMP PROJECT -New York 2005 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION  

E-print Network

USDA RAMP PROJECT - New York 2005 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION of a seasonal program to control insect and mite pests of apples using selective (non-OP, carbamate sites set up in 2002 in all major apple growing areas of New York: Western NY (Russell, Appleton; Lamont

Agnello, Arthur M.

441

Postharvest Biology and Technology 42 (2006) 271279 Automatic defect segmentation of `Jonagold' apples on  

E-print Network

' apples on multi-spectral images: A comparative study D. Unay, B. Gosselin TCTS Lab., Facult of surface defects of `Jonagold' apples. Segmentation by supervised classifiers was the most accurate: Defect; Segmentation; Apple; Machine vision; Thresholding; Classifiers 1. Introduction The fresh fruit

?nay, Devrim

442

USDA RAMP PROJECT -New York 2004 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION  

E-print Network

USDA RAMP PROJECT - New York 2004 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION of a seasonal program to control insect and mite pests of apples using selective (non-OP, carbamate sites set up in 2002 in all major apple growing areas of New York: Western NY (Russell, Appleton; Lamont

Agnello, Arthur M.

443

Analysis of hyperspectral scattering images using locally linear embedding algorithm for apple mealiness classification  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Hyperspectral scattering technique provides a means for assessing the structural and/or physical properties of apples. It could thus be useful for detection of apple mealiness, which is a symptom of physiological disorder, resulting in an undesirable texture and taste for apples and degrading their ...

444

STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF APPLE (MALUS DOMESTICA BORKH) FRUIT STARCH  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Structures and functional properties of fruit starch of six apple cultivars (Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Jerseymac, Jonagold, and Royal Gala) were investigated. Apple starches exhibit CA-type X-ray diffraction patterns, and granule diameters ranged from 2 to 12 micrometer. Immature apple...

445

First report of Penicillium carneum causing blue mold on stored apples in the United States  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Blue mold decay occurs during long term storage of apples and is predominantly caused by Penicillium expansum Link. Apples harvested in 2010 were stored in controlled atmosphere at a commercial Pennsylvania apple packing and storage facility, and were examined for occurrence of decay in May 2011. ...

446

STEM-END/CALYX DETECTION IN APPLE FRUITS Comparison of Feature Selection Methods and Classifiers  

E-print Network

STEM-END/CALYX DETECTION IN APPLE FRUITS Comparison of Feature Selection Methods and Classifiers A multiple classifier system to localize stem-ends and calyxes of apple fruits was introduced previously in discriminating stem-ends/calyxes from defects. Keywords: Apples, stem-end, calyx, detection, machine vision

?nay, Devrim

447

Arsenic and lead in juice: apple, citrus, and apple-base.  

PubMed

Exposure limits for arsenic and lead in drinking water have long been established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and new regulations regarding the presence of these contaminants in bottled water went into effect in California in 2009. No comparable exposure limits or regulations are available, however, for juices and other beverages that may contain arsenic and lead. In the study described in this article, 20 apple juices (or ciders), 15 apple-containing juices, one grape, and one citrus juice were analyzed for arsenic and lead. Arsenic was detected in all juices while lead was detected in more than 94% of juices analyzed. Twelve samples (32%) demonstrated arsenic levels nearly at or above the drinking water exposure limit of 10 parts per billion. No juices contained lead above drinking water exposure limits. Expanding drinking water limits to include juices (and other frequently consumed beverages) would better protect consumers while regular testing of these juices would better inform consumers of the risks posed by specific juices and brands. PMID:23270108

Wilson, Denise; Hooper, Cassandra; Shi, Xingyi

2012-12-01

448

Adaptive Low-Power Listening MAC Protocol Based on Transmission Rates  

PubMed Central

Even though existing low-power listening (LPL) protocols have enabled ultra-low-power operation in wireless sensor networks (WSN), they do not address trade-off between energy and delay, since they focused only on energy aspect. However, in recent years, a growing interest in various WSN applications is requiring new design factors, such as minimum delay and higher reliability, as well as energy efficiency. Therefore, in this paper we propose a novel sensor multiple access control (MAC) protocol, transmission rate based adaptive low-power listening MAC protocol (TRA-MAC), which is a kind of preamble-based LPL but is capable of controlling preamble sensing cycle adaptively to transmission rates. Through experiments, it is demonstrated that TRA-MAC enables LPL cycle (LC) and preamble transmission length to adapt dynamically to varying transmission rates, compensating trade-off between energy and response time. PMID:25254245

2014-01-01

449

HARD CLAM CLEANSING IN NEW YORK Robert B. Mac Millan and James H. Redman  

E-print Network

HARD CLAM CLEANSING IN NEW YORK Robert B. Mac Millan and James H. Redman The State of New York (NY have been accumulated relative to the effectiveness of this process in cleansing hard clams. New York

450

75 FR 27951 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Investments and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and reporting risk exposures; and (4) strong corporate governance including specific procedures and internal controls. Section...requires Farmer Mac to establish and follow certain fundamental practices to effectively manage...

2010-05-19

451

78 FR 65145 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Capital Planning  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Capital Planning AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration...regulations governing operational and strategic planning of the Federal Agricultural Mortgage...revises the current capital adequacy planning requirements to place more emphasis...

2013-10-31

452

MAGNETOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE EARLY CRETACEOUS WEALDEN GROUP, ISLE OF WIGHT Conall Mac Niocaill, & Stephen Hesselbo  

E-print Network

MAGNETOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE EARLY CRETACEOUS WEALDEN GROUP, ISLE OF WIGHT Conall Mac Niocaill, & Stephen Hesselbo The Wealden Group sediments exposed on the Isle of Wight (IOW) were deposited in coastal

Niocaill, Conall Mac

453

DETECTION,QUANTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX (MAC) ORGANISMS IN DRINKING WATER.  

EPA Science Inventory

Bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), including Mycobacterium avium and M. intracellulare, are clinically relevant and cause a myriad of opportunistic infections. Children, the elderly, and persons with previous lung conditions or immune system dysfunction...

454

Adaptive low-power listening MAC protocol based on transmission rates.  

PubMed

Even though existing low-power listening (LPL) protocols have enabled ultra-low-power operation in wireless sensor networks (WSN), they do not address trade-off between energy and delay, since they focused only on energy aspect. However, in recent years, a growing interest in various WSN applications is requiring new design factors, such as minimum delay and higher reliability, as well as energy efficiency. Therefore, in this paper we propose a novel sensor multiple access control (MAC) protocol, transmission rate based adaptive low-power listening MAC protocol (TRA-MAC), which is a kind of preamble-based LPL but is capable of controlling preamble sensing cycle adaptively to transmission rates. Through experiments, it is demonstrated that TRA-MAC enables LPL cycle (LC) and preamble transmission length to adapt dynamically to varying transmission rates, compensating trade-off between energy and response time. PMID:25254245

Hwang, Kwang-il; Yi, Gangman

2014-01-01

455

CONTROL CHANNEL BASED MAC-LAYER CONFIGURATION, ROUTING AND SITUATION AWARENESS FOR COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORKS  

E-print Network

1 CONTROL CHANNEL BASED MAC-LAYER CONFIGURATION, ROUTING AND SITUATION AWARENESS FOR COGNITIVE configuration involves determining a common set of channels to facilitate communication among participating nodes. Further, the availability of multiple channels and frequent channel switches add

Venkatesan, S.

456

Frames, audiences, and presence in Catharine MacKinnon's anti-pornography argument  

E-print Network

forces women to partake in the pornographic industry thereby enduring physical as well as sexual abuses with some women ultimately paying the price for participation with their lives (snuff films). MacKinnon also believes that the pornographic industry...

Sacks, Lauren Peta

2012-06-07

457

78 FR 2879 - Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Investment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Part 652 RIN 3052-AC56 Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Funding and Fiscal Affairs; Farmer Mac Investment Management; Effective Date AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration. ACTION: Notice of effective...

2013-01-15

458

7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 DETAIL OF STAIR (SOUTH ELEVATION). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

459

6. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 DETAIL OF STAIR, DOOR AND COLUMNS (SOUTH ELEVATION). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

460

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 INSIDE STAIR (LOOKING SOUTH). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

461

2. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey, Richard MacAllister, Photographer May 29, 1936 SOUTH ELEVATION (FRONT). - Rode-Kothe House, East of U.S. 87 at Cherry Spring, Cherry Spring, Gillespie County, TX

462

Removing the MAC Retransmissions Times from the RTT in TCP Eugen Dedu, Sebastien Linck, Francois Spies  

E-print Network

Removing the MAC Retransmissions Times from the RTT in TCP Eugen Dedu, S´ebastien Linck, Fran¸cois Spies {Eugen.Dedu,Sebastien.Linck,Francois.Spies}@pu-pm.univ-fcomte.fr Laboratoire d'Informatique de l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

Effect of ReddeningRipening on the Antioxidant Activity of Polyphenol Extracts from Cv. Annurca Apple Fruits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple is among the most consumed fruits worldwide, and several studies suggest that apple polyphenols could play a role in the prevention of degenerative diseases. 'Annurca' apple fruit undergoes, after harvest, a typical reddening treatment to turn the apples' skin red, and it is noted for its high firmness. This paper reports the effect of reddening-ripening treatment on polyphenol concentration

Stefania DAngelo; Amelia Cimmino; Marianna Raimo; Anna Salvatore; Vincenzo Zappia; Patrizia Galletti

2007-01-01

464

Modification of fluorescent pseudomonad community and control of apple replant disease induced in a wheat cultivar-specific manner  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apple orchard soils were cropped for three successive 28-day growth cycles with a perennial ryegrass\\/annual ryegrass mixture or 1 of 11 wheat cultivars prior to planting with Gala apple seedlings. Prior cropping of soils with ryegrass had no significant impact on growth of apple, but cultivation with some, but not all, wheat cultivars substantially enhanced apple seedling growth. Enhanced growth

Yu-Huan Gu; Mark Mazzola

2003-01-01

465

Effectiveness of Lactic Acid and Peroxyacetic Acid Treatments on Reducing Generic and Pathogenic E. coli on Fresh Apples  

E-print Network

. coli on Fresh Apples Piedad E. Alcala1, Karen Killinger2, Achyut Adhikari2, Molly Mayer 2 WSU Plant interventions to reduce foodborne pathogen risk are important for the fresh apple packing industry. Apple on reduction of generic and pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) on fresh apples. For each replication, fresh

Collins, Gary S.

466

Scab, caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis, is the most important disease of apples in the northern United  

E-print Network

Apple scab Scab, caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis, is the most important disease of apples in the northern United States. All unprotected green tissue and fruit of apple are attacked by the scab pathogen drop, and weaken the tree. In the early spring, scab fungus, overwintering in apple leaves

467

A Novel and Simple MAC Protocol for High Speed Passive Optical LANs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a new MAC protocol for Gigabit Local Area Networks, called the Request Contention Multiple Access (RCMA) protocol. RCMA is proposed to operate in the 10BASE-FP Ethernet network topology at a gigabit data rate. It does not require the sophisticated WDM technology. Unlike the current IEEE 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet MAC protocol, RCMA is efficient and stable

Chuan Heng Foh; Moshe Zukerman

2002-01-01

468

An adaptive energy-efficient MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe T-MAC, a contention-based Medium Access Control protocol for wireless sensor networks. Applications for these networks have some characteristics (low message rate, insensitivity to latency) that can be exploited to reduce energy consumption by introducing an activesleep duty cycle. To handle load variations in time and location T-MAC introduces an adaptive duty cycle in a novel

Tijs van Dam; Koen Langendoen

2003-01-01

469

Angular MAC: a framework for directional antennas in wireless mesh networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capacity of wireless mesh networks can be enhanced through the use of smart directional antennas, which not only enable nodes\\u000a to have high quality links but also increase network throughput by allowing spatial reuse. This paper proposes a new MAC protocol\\u000a and framework, called Angular MAC (ANMAC) that enables directional antennas in wireless mesh networks. The protocols and algorithms\\u000a of

Erdem Ulukan; zgr Grbz

2008-01-01

470

Performance Analysis of the IEEE 802.11 MAC Protocol for DSRC Safety Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we evaluate and improve the perfor- mance of the medium-access control (MAC) protocol for safety applications in a dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) environment. We first develop an analytical model to study the IEEE 802.11 distributed coordination function (DCF) MAC pro- tocol that has been adopted by the IEEE 802.11p standard for DSRC. Explicit expressions are derived for

Hai L. Vu; Taka Sakurai

2011-01-01

471

On the Analysis of Efficient Hybrid MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design, analysis, and per- formance evaluation of a hybrid Media Access Control protocol, called CT-MAC, for wireless sensor networks. It is a contention- based TDMA protocol that assimilates the strong points of CSMA and TDMA while offsetting their weaknesses. Based on an adap- tive contention\\/doze and communication\\/dormancy duty cycle, CT-MAC can efficiently decrease the energy consumption

Kai Chen; Fan Jiang

2007-01-01

472

The Revival of School Administration: Alasdair MacIntyre in the Aftermath of the Common School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alasdair MacIntyre's philosophy, based on Aristotle and the Judaeo-Christian tradition, argues for the objective virtues of truth, courage, justice, friendship, and humility. The aesthete, the therapist, and the manager are, in consequence of MacIntyre's ideas, found to be removed from daily life and from virtue. Their role play further removes them from the good. Because public schools appealing to a

Mark Holmes

1992-01-01

473

Bivariant Chern-Schwartz-MacPherson classes with values in Chow groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

. Fulton and MacPherson asked if there exists a bivariant version of the Chern-Schwartz-MacPherson class. Brasselet solved\\u000a this problem affirmatively in the category of analytic varieties and cellular morphisms. However, it has not been solved in\\u000a the general case and the uniqueness of such a bivariant Chern class is still open. In this paper we show the unique existence\\u000a of

L. Ernstrm; Shoji Yokura

2002-01-01

474

Reappropriating the Pace-Egging Tradition: Ewan MacColl's St. George and the Dragon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Best known as a folk singer, Ewan MacColl wrote upwards of twenty plays; some of his most effective works are his adaptation plays, contemporary dramatic works using canonical playtexts as catalysts. In 1964-65 MacColl wrote a modernized version of the Lancastrian Pace-Egging Play, St. George and the Dragon. Taking this indigenous theatrical form, often associated with the industrial rather than

Claire Warden

2010-01-01

475

Payload for the first experimental Indian communication satellite 'APPLE'  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A development history is presented for the Communication Payload of the Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment (APPLE) geosynchronous satellite, which had to meet stringent technological and scheduling requirements. The APPLE spacecraft objectives have allowed the gaining of expertise in communication payload design that is applicable to the Indian National Satellite system. Payload subsystems were developed separately, and the communication transponder was devised after their integration. Attention is given to a quality assurance program, encompassing all aspects of material and component selection, design, fabrication, and testing and evaluation. Design work began in 1977, and an engineering model was completed by the end of 1978.

Lasrado, L.; Ramiah, V.; Shetty, P. N. R.; Pillai, N. S.; Singh, S. K.; Singh, B.; Gupta, R. K.; Garg, V. K.; Saxena, R.; Singh, R.

1983-11-01

476

Firm develops own EMS built on Apple computer  

SciTech Connect

Firestone Fibers and Textile Co. programmed a $2000 desktop Apple II computer and special electronic panels designed by the engineering staff to perform process control and other energy-management functions. The system should reduce natural gas consumption 40% and save the company up to $75,000 a year by reducing the amount of hot air exhausted from fabric-treating ovens. The system can be expanded to control lights and space-conditioning equipment. The company is willing to negotiate with other firms to market the panels. The Apple II was chosen because it has a high capacity for data acquisition and testing and because of the available software. (DCK)

Pospisil, R.

1982-04-05

477

Rheological Properties of HyperMacsLong Chain Branched Analogues of Hyperbranched Polymers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HyperMacs are long chain branched analogues of hyperbranched polymers, differing only in the sense that they have polymer chains, rather than monomers between branch points. Although the building blocks for HyperMacs, AB2 macromonomers, can be well-defined in terms of molecular weight and polydispersity, the nature of the coupling strategy adopted for the synthesis of the HyperMacs results in branched polymers with a distribution of molecular weights and architectures. Melt rheology showed polystyrene HyperMacs to be thermorheologically simple, obeying William-Landel-Ferry (WLF) behavior. Zero shear viscosities of the polymers were shown to increase with average molecular weight and the melts display shear thinning behavior. HyperMacs showed little evidence for relaxation by reptation and the rheological behavior agreed well with the Cayley tree model for hierarchical relaxation in tube models of branched polymers. This implies that HyperMacs exhibit architectures similar in nature to long chain branched polymers obtained commercially from metallocene catalysts.

Dodds, Jonathan M.; De Luca, Edoardo; Hutchings, Lian R.; Clarke, Nigel

2008-07-01

478

Considerations for Improving the Capacity and Performance of AeroMACS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) has progressed from concept through prototype development, testing, and standards development and is now poised for the first operational deployments at nine US airports by the Federal Aviation Administration. These initial deployments will support fixed applications. Mobile applications providing connectivity to and from aircraft and ground-based vehicles on the airport surface will occur at some point in the future. Given that many fixed applications are possible for AeroMACS, it is necessary to now consider whether the existing capacity of AeroMACS will be reached even before the mobile applications are ready to be added, since AeroMACS is constrained by both available bandwidth and transmit power limitations. This paper describes some concepts that may be applied to improve the future capacity of AeroMACS, with a particular emphasis on gains that can be derived from the addition of IEEE 802.16j multihop relays to the AeroMACS standard, where a significant analysis effort has been undertaken.

Kerczewski, Robert J.; Kamali, Behnam; Apaza, Rafael D.; Wilson, Jeffrey D.; Dimond, Robert P.

2014-01-01

479

Weak Spatial and Temporal Population Genetic Structure in the Rosy Apple Aphid, Dysaphis plantaginea, in French Apple Orchards  

PubMed Central

We used eight microsatellite loci and a set of 20 aphid samples to investigate the spatial and temporal genetic structure of rosy apple aphid populations from 13 apple orchards situated in four different regions in France. Genetic variability was very similar between orchard populations and between winged populations collected before sexual reproduction in the fall and populations collected from colonies in the spring. A very small proportion of individuals (?2%) had identical multilocus genotypes. Genetic differentiation between orchards was low (FST<0.026), with significant differentiation observed only between orchards from different regions, but no isolation by distance was detected. These results are consistent with high levels of genetic mixing in holocyclic Dysaphis plantaginae populations (host alternation through migration and sexual reproduction). These findings concerning the adaptation of the rosy apple aphid have potential consequences for pest management. PMID:21701679

Guillemaud, Thomas; Blin, Aurlie; Simon, Sylvaine; Morel, Karine; Franck, Pierre

2011-01-01

480

Branch development in custard apple (cherimoya Annona cherimola Miller sugar apple A. squamosa L.) in relation to tip-pruning and flowering, including effects on production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Custard apple has cryptic axillary buds, hidden from view by the base of the petiole. This has led to confusion about custard\\u000a apples flowering habit. Flowering only occurs during early branch development, and can be forced at any time of the growing\\u000a season simply by removing leaves. Here, we show that flowering is terminal, not extra-axillary, and that the apparent

Trevor Olesen; Steven J. Muldoon

2009-01-01

481

Promotion of flowering and reduction of a generation time in apple seedlings by ectopical expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana FT gene using the Apple latent spherical virus vector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tree crops have a long juvenile period which is a serious constraint for genetic improvement and experimental research. For\\u000a example, apple remains in a juvenile phase for more than five years after seed germination. Here, we report about induction\\u000a of rapid flowering in apple seedlings using the Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vector expressing a FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene

Shintaro Sasaki; Kousuke Yamagata; Sadao Komori; Momoyo Nagase; Masato Wada; Toshiya Yamamoto; Nobuyuki Yoshikawa

2011-01-01

482

Os trigonum syndrome in ancient Anatolian settlements.  

PubMed

An os trigonum is a small, round bone situated just behind the ankle joint. Clinical research shows that the os trigonum is present in about 5-15 % of normal feet. It occurs when one part of the bone does not fuse with the rest of the talus during growth. The present study is made on the skeletons, which were found in the Karagndiiz, Dilkaya and Van Kalesi-Eski Van Sehri settlements, Van province, Anatolia, dated in the Middle Ages. In this study 228 skeletons were examined, 120 males and 108 females. 376 tall were studied: 227 from Karagiindtiz, 93 from Dilkaya, and 56 from Van Kalesi-Eski Van Sehri. The percentage of the os trigonum syndrome was recorded as 6.6 %. PMID:18712155

Yilmaz, Hakan; Baykara, Ismail

2008-06-01

483

Portable programming on parallel/networked computers using the Application Portable Parallel Library (APPL)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Application Portable Parallel Library (APPL) is a subroutine-based library of communication primitives that is callable from applications written in FORTRAN or C. APPL provides a consistent programmer interface to a variety of distributed and shared-memory multiprocessor MIMD machines. The objective of APPL is to minimize the effort required to move parallel applications from one machine to another, or to a network of homogeneous machines. APPL encompasses many of the message-passing primitives that are currently available on commercial multiprocessor systems. This paper describes APPL (version 2.3.1) and its usage, reports the status of the APPL project, and indicates possible directions for the future. Several applications using APPL are discussed, as well as performance and overhead results.

Quealy, Angela; Cole, Gary L.; Blech, Richard A.

1993-01-01

484

MAC to VAX Connectivity: Heartrate Spectral Analysis System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The heart rate Spectral Analysis System (SAS) acquires and analyzes, in real-time, the Space Shuttle onboard electrocardiograph (EKG) experiment signals, calculates the heartrate, and applies a Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) to the heart rate. The system also calculates other statistical parameters such as the 'mean heart rate' over specific time period and heart rate histogram. This SAS is used by NASA Principal Investigators as a research tool to determine the effects of weightlessness on the human cardiovascular system. This is also used to determine if Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP) is an effective countermeasure to the orthostatic intolerance experienced by astronauts upon return to normal gravity. In microgravity, astronauts perform the LBNP experiment in the mid deck of the Space Shuttle. The experiment data are downlinked by the orbiter telemetry system, then processed and analyzed in real-time by the integrated Life Sciences Data Acquisition (LSDS) - Spectral Analysis System. The data system is integrated within the framework of two different computer systems, VAX and Macintosh (Mac), using the networking infrastructure to assist the investigators in further understanding the most complex machine on Earth--the human body.

Rahman, Hasan H.; Faruque, Monazer

1993-01-01

485

The MacKinney Collection of Medieval Medical Illustrations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Loren C. MacKinney came to the study of medieval history via his training at the University of Wisconsin and the University of Grenoble, France. During his time as a professor at the University of North Carolina, he amassed a remarkable collection of manuscripts and images related to the history of medieval medicine. He was beloved by his students for his intellectual curiosity and his humanity, and this remarkable digital collection pays tribute to both of those aspects of his character. The collection was made possible by a gift to the University of North Carolina Libraries from Howard Holsenbeck (a member of the Class of 1963), and it contains over 1,000 images. Visitors can browse the collection at their leisure, or also perform an advanced search across the items here. The "Subject Area" is a good place to start, as visitors can look over images related to everything from anatomy to wounds. The image on the homepage is quite a gem, and it illustrates an encounter between two men and a standing skeleton.

486

Diffuse radio emission in MACS J1752.0+4440  

E-print Network

We report the discovery of large-scale diffuse radio emission in the galaxy cluster MACS J1752.0+4440 (z=0.366). Using Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) observations we find that the cluster hosts a double radio relic system as well as a 1.65 Mpc radio halo covering the region between the two relics. The relics are diametrically located on opposite sides of the cluster center. The NE and SW relics have sizes of 1.3 and 0.9 Mpc, respectively. In case of an isolated binary merger event, the relative sizes of the relics suggest a mass ratio about 2:1. We measure integrated spectra of -1.16 \\pm 0.03 for the NE and -1.10 \\pm 0.05 for the SW relic. We conclude that this cluster has undergone a violent binary merger event and the relics are best explained by particles (re)accelerated in outwards traveling shock waves. The spectral indices suggest the relics trace shock waves with Mach numbers (M) of around 3.5 to 4.5. These relatively high Mach numbers derived from the radio spectral index are comparable t...

van Weeren, R J; Ebeling, H; Edge, A C; Bruggen, M; Giovannini, G; Hoeft, M; Rottgering, H J A

2012-01-01

487

Diffuse radio emission in MACS J1752.0+4440  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the discovery of large-scale diffuse radio emission in the galaxy cluster MACS J1752.0+4440 (z= 0.366). Using Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) observations we find that the cluster hosts a double radio relic system as well as a 1.65 Mpc radio halo covering the region between the two relics. The relics are diametrically located on opposite sides of the cluster centre. The NE and SW relics have sizes of 1.3 and 0.9 Mpc, respectively. In the case of an isolated binary merger event, the relative sizes of the relics suggest a mass ratio about 2:1. We measure integrated spectra of -1.16 0.03 for the NE relic and -1.10 0.05 for the SW relic. We conclude that this cluster has undergone a violent binary merger event and the relics are best explained by particles (re)accelerated in outwards travelling shock waves. The spectral indices suggest that the relics trace shock waves with Mach numbers (?) of around 3.5-4.5. These relatively high Mach numbers derived from the radio spectral index are comparable to those derived for a few other recently discovered relics. This implies that merger shocks with ? are relatively common in cluster outskirts if our understanding of diffusive shock acceleration is correct.

van Weeren, R. J.; Bonafede, A.; Ebeling, H.; Edge, A. C.; Brggen, M.; Giovannini, G.; Hoeft, M.; Rttgering, H. J. A.

2012-09-01

488

Tracing the merger history of MACS clusters using the GMRT  

E-print Network

Galaxy-cluster merger shocks efficiently accelerate the ambient electrons through diffusive shock acceleration and amplify magnetic field by compressing the Inter Cluster Medium. As a result, such objects produce a significant amount of synchrotron radio emission. Radio halo and Mpc scale peripheral radio relics thus help us to trace back the cluster formation history. To study the dynamical state of the galaxy clusters and their relation to the merging scenario, as a pilot project, we thus observed four suitable candidates from the MACS (Massive Cluster Survey) cluster sample. Observations were carried out simultaneously at 610 and 235 MHz with the GMRT. We observed a rare phenomena in the cluster MACSJ0014.3-3022, which hosts both a peripheral spectacular radio relic and an unusually flat spectrum central giant radio halo of more than 1.5 Mpc dimension. We also report that another cluster MACSJ0152.5-2852 is possibly showing the sign of one of the earliest and young merging system where, we saw a faint 0.5 ...

Paul, S; Intema, H T

2014-01-01

489

Development and application of multispectral algorithms for defect apple inspection  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This research developed and evaluated the multispectral algorithm derived from hyperspectral line-scan imaging system which equipped with an electron-multiplying-charge-coupled-device camera and an imaging spectrograph for the detection of defect Red Delicious apples. The algorithm utilized the fluo...

490

Religiosity in the Abandoned Apple Newton Brand Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explores the grassroots brand community centered on the Apple Newton, a product that was abandoned by the marketer. Supernatural, religious, and magical motifs are common in the narratives of the Newton community, including the miraculous performance and survival of the brand, as well as the return of the brand creator. These motifs invest the brand with powerful meanings

2005-01-01

491

Interfacing the Starlight-1 with an Apple IIe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are many practical uses for a microcomputer in the observatory, one of the best being the acquisition and reduction of photometric data. This paper will concern itself with the acquisition of data by an APPLE IIe computer interfaced to a STARLIGHT-1 photon-counting stellar photometer.

Leiker, P. S.

1986-12-01

492

SW MICHIGAN APPLE MATURITY REPORT ISSUE 2 August 31, 2010  

E-print Network

. If fruit are firm, regardless of the starch, skin color, and brix levels, harvest can be delayed. If fruit in general. General comments The most important factor that should drive harvest decisions is fruit firmness on how the fruit will be stored and sold. Starch conversion gives an indication of apple maturation

493

Ultrastructure Study of Apple Meristem Cells During Cryopreservation  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The ultrastructure of apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) meristem cells was studied before and after cold acclimation (CA) and during the steps of PVS2 vitrification. We compared cells of in vitro grown shoots of two cultivars, Grushovka Vernenskaya and Voskhod. Cells of the two cultivars were simila...

494

HOW 1-MCP HAS ALTERED THE WASHINGTON STATE APPLE INDUSTRY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Commercialization of 1-MCP has provided a new tool to storage operators for management of fruit quality in the postharvest environment. For apple as an example, availability of the commercial 1-MCP product SmartFresh has brought an additional dimension to decisions regarding postharvest chemical t...

495

ORIGINAL PAPER Pesticide use in current and innovative apple orchard  

E-print Network

presence of pesticide residues in the environment and food (Aubertot et al. 2005). Recent European on the pesticide residues in fruits has also changed consum- ers' demands, leading in several countriesORIGINAL PAPER Pesticide use in current and innovative apple orchard systems Sylvaine Simon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

496

Contributions of EU-project REPCO to apple scab control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of REPCO is to contribute to the replacement of copper fungicides in organic agriculture by new measures for control of downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) in grapevine and scab (Venturia inaequalis) in apple. Both major European organic crops strongly depend on copper fungicides. Permitted amounts will be reduced stepwise during the following years (Council Regulation (EEC) 2092\\/91, Annex II)

J. Khl; B. Heijne; J. Hockenhull; H. Lindhard Pedersen; M. Trapman; U. Eiben; L. Tamm

2006-01-01

497

ARTHROPODS PRESENT ON REMOVED FOLIAGE FROM AN APPLE PACKING LINE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The effectiveness of packing house operations in removing arthropods on leaves was evaluated by surveying four apple cultivars, Malus domestic Borkh., from 17 grower lots over six months of inspection. Discarded leaves were collected from ten sampling stations along the packing line and were observ...

498

Computers in Astronomy: Astronomy on an Apple Macintosh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a review of computer programs written for the Apple Macintosh computer that teach astronomy. Reviews general programs, along with some which deal more specifically with sky travel, star charting, the solar system, Halley's Comet, and stargazing. Includes the name and address of each producer. (TW)

Mosley, John E.

1987-01-01

499

RELATIVE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SELECTED APPLE CULTIVARS TO BOTRYOSPHAERIA DOTHIDEA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Twenty-three apple cultivars were tested in the field and laboratory for their relative susceptibility to the white rot pathogen, Botryosphaeria dothidea. Wounded fruit were inoculated in the field at 2 to 3 weeks preharvest with mycelium from 14 to 21-day-old cultures. In the laboratory, detached...

500

Changes in photosynthetic characteristics during leaf development in apple  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive developmental survey of leaf area, chlorophyll, photosynthetic rate, leaf resistance, transpiration ratio, CO2 compensation point and photorespiration was conducted in apple. The largest changes in each of the photosynthetic characteristics studied took place during the earliest stages of leaf development, coinciding with the period of greatest leaf expansion and chlorophyll synthesis. During early development, photosynthesis increased 5-fold, reaching

Robert A. Kennedy; Diane Johnson

1981-01-01