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1

Preface: Materiaux 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The national conference 'MATERIAUX 2010', which took place in Mahdia (Tunisia), from 4-7 November 2010 was organized by The 'Tunisian Materials Research Society: Tu-MRS' in collaboration with the Materials Physics Laboratory of Sfax 'LPM', Faculty of Sciences, Sfax University and the Research Unit ' Physique, Informatique et Mathématiques ', Faculty of Sciences, Gafsa University The First National Conference on Materials 'MATERIAUX 2006' was organized in Douz (Tunisia) in December 2006. This was followed by 'MATERIAUX 2007' held in Hammamet (Tunisia) in April 2007 and the National Conference 'MATERIAUX 2009' organized jointly with the Second 'Journées Internationales de la Physique des Matériaux et Applications: JIPMA 2009' in Gafsa (Tunisia) from 20-24 December 2009. 'MATERIAUX 2010' is intended to provide an excellent opportunity for National, Maghreb and International researchers to make their own work on materials known to a wider audience and to have discussions with other participants. This conference will also be an opportunity to exchange experiences, create and consolidate cooperation between different research structures in the Maghreb countries and also the countries around the Mediterranean. This conference will equally promote research development, contribution to collaboration between universities and the socio-economical milieu. More than 300 senior researchers, Professors, PhD and Masters students attended this conference from Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, France, Spain and Canada. Several researchers, engineers and managers from industrial firms also attended. The conference consisted of plenary talks (8), oral contributions (40) and poster presentations (250). The topics of the Conference were: Nano-materials, nano-systems, thin films, surfaces and interfaces, applications Multifunctionnal materials, magnetic materials, dielectric materials, superconducting materials, applications,... Materials for electronics, informatics and communication Ceramics, glasses, polymers Natural materials (phosphates, clay,...) Metallic materials, alloys, metallurgy,... Others (materials and environment, materials and energy, biomaterials,...) I want to thank the scientific committee, the organizing committee, the local committee and everyone who contributed to the organization of this meeting for their invaluable efforts in order to guarantee the complete success of this conference. Abdelwaheb Cheikhrouhou President of 'Tu-MRS' Chairman of the Conference 'MATERIAUX 2010' Conference photograph Committies Organizing Committee Chairman CHEIKHROUHOU Abdelwaheb (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Members ALAYA Sahbi (Faculté des Sciences de Gabès) BENNACEUR Raouf (Faculté des Sciences de Tunis) BEN SALEM Mohamed (Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte) CHEIKHROUHOU-KOUBAA Wissem (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) EL JANI Belgacem (Faculté des Sciences de Monastir) EZZAOUIA Hatem (Centre de Recherches et de Technologies de l'Energie, Technopole de Borj Cédria) LAMLOUMI Jilani (Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et Techniques de Tunis) REZIG Bahri (Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis) Local Committee Chairman CHEIKHROUHOU Abdelwaheb (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Members CHEIKHROUHOU-KOUBAA Wissem (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) KOUBAA Mohamed (Institut Supérieur de Biotechnologie de Sfax) NJEH Anwar (Institut Préparatoire aux Etudes d'Ingénieurs de Sfax) BEN SALAH Issam (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) TAKKALI Férid (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) REGAIEG Yassin (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) OTHMANI Safa (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) MNASSRI Rafik (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Secretariat BEN GHOZLEN Afifa (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) BOUGHARIOU Sana (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Scientific Committee M. ADDOU, Faculté des Sciences de Kénitra (Morocco) N. AMDOUNI, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis (Tunisia) M. BACCOUCHE, Faculté des Sciences d'Annaba (Algeria) H. BATIS, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis (Tunisia) A. BELAFHAL, Faculté des Sciences d'El Jadida (Morocco) M.H. BEN GHOZLEN, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax (Tunisia)

Cheikhrouhou, Abdelwaheb

2012-02-01

2

Application aux modles multi-chelle de turbulence  

E-print Network

231 Chapitre 4 Application aux modèles multi-échelle de turbulence compressible homogène isotrope L'objectif des rappels sur les écoulements compressibles tur- bulents, l'objectif étant de situer les modèles forte dépendance par rap- port à la condition initiale et aux conditions aux limites. Par ailleurs, la

Chalons, Christophe

3

APPLICATION DES PALIERS A GAZ AUX GYROSCOPES Par G. GOBERT,  

E-print Network

43 APPLICATION DES PALIERS A GAZ AUX GYROSCOPES Par G. GOBERT, Centre d'�tudes Nucléaires de Saclay gyroscope dont le rotor de 4 cm de diamètre pesant plusieurs centaines de grammes tourne à une vitesse to the construction of a gyroscope. The rotor is 4 cm in diameter and runs at 180 000 r. p. m. Its weight is 500 g. LE

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

4

Manipulation et fonctionnalisation de nanotubes. Application aux nanotubes de nitrure de bore.  

E-print Network

Manipulation et fonctionnalisation de nanotubes. Application aux nanotubes de nitrure de bore. Aude´esum´e Ce travail de th`ese se divise en deux grandes parties concernant les nanotubes de ni- trure de bore la fonctionnalisation chi- mique des nanotubes de nitrure de bore. Les nanotubes de nitrure de bore

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

5

Journe de perfectionnement aux applications de l'acupuncture en obsttrique  

E-print Network

Journée de perfectionnement aux applications de l'acupuncture en obstétrique 1er décembre 2011 omnipraticiens acupuncteurs Objectifs : Préciser les bases essentielles des techniques d'acupuncture adaptées à l'obstétrique Préciser les meilleures indications de l'acupuncture en obstétrique Apporter une base rationnelle à l

Brest, Université de

6

Initiation aux applications de l'acupuncture en obsttrique 24 -25 novembre 2011  

E-print Network

Initiation aux applications de l'acupuncture en obstétrique 24 - 25 novembre 2011 Public concerné acupuncteurs Objectifs · Comprendre les principes essentiels de l'acupuncture appliquée à l'obstétrique · Connaître les effets antalgiques de l'acupuncture lors de l'accouchement mais aussi ses effets sur le col

Brest, Université de

7

Systmes de raction-diffusion et HPC: application aux Thierry Dumont1, Violaine Louvet1  

E-print Network

Systèmes de réaction-diffusion et HPC: application aux AVC Thierry Dumont1, Violaine Louvet1. Louvet Systèmes de RD et HPC Séminaire Rouen 1 / 45 #12;1 Contexte et enjeux sociétaux 2 Modélisation de Conclusions et perspectives V. Louvet Systèmes de RD et HPC Séminaire Rouen 2 / 45 #12;Contexte et enjeux

Louvet, Violaine

8

Modlisation plastique bi-linaire de l'usure de matriaux abradables : application aux turbo-machines  

E-print Network

Modélisation plastique bi-linéaire de l'usure de matériaux abradables : application aux turbo'usure des matériaux abradables dans les mo- teurs d'avion est proposée. Ces revêtements sont positionnés sur à une loi de comportement plastique de l'abradable. Afin de maintenir des temps de calcul adaptés à

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

9

Modlisation plastique bi-linaire de l'usure de matriaux abradables: application aux turbo-machines  

E-print Network

Modélisation plastique bi-linéaire de l'usure de matériaux abradables: application aux turbo.legrand,ronan.ung,christophe.pierre}@mcgill.ca Résumé -- Une prise en compte de l'usure des matériaux abradables dans les turbo-machines est présentée plastique de l'abradable. Il est montré que le comportement de ce matériau est à l'origine de zones d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

An improved technique for modeling initial reservoir hydrocarbon saturation distributions: Applications in Illinois (USA) aux vases oil reservoirs  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An improved technique for modeling the initial reservoir hydrocarbon saturation distributions is presented. In contrast to the Leverett J-function approach, this methodology (hereby termed flow-unit-derived initial oil saturation or FUSOI) determines the distributions of the initial oil saturations from a measure of the mean hydraulic radius, referred to as the flow zone indicator (FZI). FZI is derived from porosity and permeability data. In the FUSOI approach, capillary pressure parameters, S(wir), P(d), and ??, derived from the Brooks and Corey (1966) model [Brooks, R.H., Corey, A.T., 1966. Hydraulic properties of porous media, Hydrology Papers, Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins, No. 3, March.], are correlated to the FZI. Subsequent applications of these parameters then permit the computation of improved hydrocarbon saturations as functions of FZI and height above the free water level (FWL). This technique has been successfully applied in the Mississippian Aux Vases Sandstone reservoirs of the Illinois Basin (USA). The Aux Vases Zeigler field (Franklin County, IL, USA) was selected for a field-wide validation of this FUSOI approach because of the availability of published studies. With the initial oil saturations determined on a depth-by-depth basis in cored wells, it was possible to geostatistically determine the three-dimensional (3-D) distributions of initial oil saturations in the Zeigler field. The original oil-in-place (OOIP), computed from the detailed initialization of the 3-D reservoir simulation model of the Zeigler field, was found to be within 5.6% of the result from a rigorous material balance method.An improved technique for modeling the initial reservoir hydrocarbon saturation distributions is presented. In contrast to the Leverett J-function approach, this methodology (hereby termed flow-unit-derived initial oil saturation or FUSOI) determines the distributions of the initial oil saturations from a measure of the mean hydraulic radius, referred to as the flow zone indicator (FZI). FZI is derived from porosity and permeability data. In the FUSOI approach, capillary pressure parameters, Swir, Pd, and ??, derived from the Brooks and Corey (1966) model, are correlated to the FZI. Subsequent applications of these parameters then permit the computation of improved hydrocarbon saturations as functions of FZI and height above the free water level (FWL). This technique has been successfully applied in the Mississippian Aux Vases Sandstone reservoirs of the Illinois Basin (USA). The Aux Vases Zeigler field (Franklin County, IL, USA) was selected for a field-wide validation of this FUSOI approach because of the availability of published studies. With the initial oil saturations determined on a depth-by-depth basis in cored wells, it was possible to geostatistically determine the three-dimensional (3-D) distributions of initial oil saturations in the Zeigler field. The original oil-in-place (OOIP), computed from the detailed initialization of the 3-D reservoir simulation model of the Zeigler field, was found to be within 5.6% of the result from a rigorous material balance method.

Udegbunam, E.; Amaefule, J. O.

1998-01-01

11

Élaboration de couches minces de carbone par ablation laser femtoseconde pour application aux biomatériaux implantables  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Des films de tetrahedral amorphous-Carbon (ta-C) ont été déposés, sous vide poussé, par ablation d'une cible de graphite avec un laser Ti : saphir (durée d'impulsion 170 fs, fréquence de répétition 1 kHz, énergie maximale par impulsion 1,5 mJ, longueur d'onde 800 nm) sur substrats standard et sur biomatériaux (acier AISI 316L, polyéthylène à très haut poids moléculaire). Les propriétés de ces couches (structure, propriétés nanomécaniques et tribologiques) ont été caractérisées, en fonction des conditions d'élaboration, en examinant l'intérêt de l'utilisation d'un laser femtoseconde et leur capacité à satisfaire aux exigences spécifiques du domaine biomédical. Les propriétés d'adhérence des films ont été considérablement améliorées lors du dépôt sur des substrats en acier inoxydable préalablement préparés par décapage ionique in situ sous atmosphère d'argon. La surface hémisphérique d'une tête fémorale, en acier inoxydable, de prothèse de hanche de diamètre 22,2 mm a été revêtue d'un film de DLC adhérent et homogène en épaisseur. La résistance à l'usure de ce revêtement sera quantifiée à l'aide d'un simulateur de marche durant un million de cycles (correspondant à une année d'activité physique d'un être humain).

Loir, A.-S.; Garrelie, F.; Donnet, C.; Subtil, J.-L.; Belin, M.; Forest, B.; Rogemond, F.; Laporte, P.

2005-06-01

12

Prim-Allaz I., Perrien J & Pras B., (2001) Les apports de la thorie du contrat social l'explication des ruptures de relations de long terme entre organisations : une application aux  

E-print Network

Prim-Allaz I., Perrien J & Pras B., (2001) Les apports de la théorie du contrat social à l RELATIONS DE LONG TERME ENTRE ORGANISATIONS : UNE APPLICATION AUX RELATIONS BANQUES/PME Isabelle PRIM-ALLAZ

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Etude de films minces de CuInS2, CuIn1-xGaxS2, et Cu2ZnSnS4, élaborés par voie sol-gel, destinés aux applications photovoltaïques.  

E-print Network

??Ce travail de recherche porte sur l’élaboration et la caractérisation de films minces photo-absorbants de CuInS2, CuIn1-xGaxS2, et de Cu2ZnSnS4 destinés aux applications photovoltaïques. Les… (more)

Bourlier, Yoan

2013-01-01

14

MATERIAUX 2010 18-22 octobre 2010 Nantes, France Comportement mcanique haute temprature  

E-print Network

aciers martensitiques revenus pour application aux réacteurs à neutrons rapides M. Sauzaya , F. Dallea-fluage à haute température d'aciers martensitiques revenus (450-600°C). Depuis les années 80, l qualitativement un grand nombre des phénomènes observés. MOTS-CLES : aciers martensitiques revenus, réacteurs du

Boyer, Edmond

15

Évaluation du POCIS (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler) : domaine de validité et performances pour 56 micropolluants organiques : application aux hormones, pharmaceutiques, alkyphénols, filtre UV et pesticides.  

E-print Network

??Le POCIS (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler) est un outil d'échantillonnage intégratif alternatif aux techniques d'échantillonnages classiques (ponctuelle ou automatisée) dédié à la mesure de… (more)

Morin, Nicolas

2013-01-01

16

MATERIAUX 2006 13-17 Novembre 2006 Dijon, France Evolution des proprits mcaniques du carbure de silicium  

E-print Network

MATERIAUX 2006 13-17 Novembre 2006 ­ Dijon, France Evolution des propriétés mécaniques du carbure - 91003 Evry cedex - michel.boussuge@ensmp.fr RESUME: Le carbure de silicium (SiC), en raison de ses caractérisations de surface (spectroscopie Raman, nanoindentation, microscopie acoustique). MOTS-CLES : Carbure de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Indicateurs liés à la qualité de l'eau et comportements ; application aux lacs d'Annecy et du Bourget  

Microsoft Academic Search

[eng] The investigation of environment indicators is a descriptive approach but it has the advantage of leading fairly rapidly to practical conclusions. We present the results of an application to two Alpine lakes - Annecy and Le Bourget. It is based on a comparison of hydrobiological parameters and socio-economic data. . The comparative study of the two lakes leads to

François Bonnieux; Gérard Miclet; Pierre Rainelli

1977-01-01

18

Chers collgues, Nous sommes heureux de vous annoncer un appel aux applications pour le Jonathan Campbell Meakins and Family  

E-print Network

promouvoir l'excellence en éducation médicale. La valeur de la bourse est de $7000. DATE LIMITE D MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP Un bourse ayant pour but de reconnaître et de faire la promotion de l'excellence en éducation médicale APPLICATIONS BUT Cette bourse a été créée afin de récompenser l'excellence en

Barthelat, Francois

19

Indicateurs liés à la qualité de l'eau et comportements. Application aux lacs d'Annecy et du Bourget  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] La recherche d'indicateurs d'environnement correspond à une approche certes descriptive, mais qui a le mérite de déboucher assez rapidement sur le plan pratique. Nous présentons les résultats d'une application au cas de deux lacs alpins : Annecy et le Bourget. Elle repose sur une mise en relation de paramètres de nature hydrobiologique et de données socio-économiques. . L'étude comparée

François Bonnieux; Gérard Miclet; Pierre Rainelli

1978-01-01

20

DCLARATION RELATIVE AUX ACCIDENTS JOINDRE AUX PICES ADMINISTRATIVES DEMANDES  

E-print Network

D�CLARATION RELATIVE AUX ACCIDENTS � JOINDRE AUX PI�CES ADMINISTRATIVES DEMAND�ES POUR LA « responsabilité civile » me couvrant en cas d'accident scolaire (1) - m'engage à m'affilier à compter de la dégage l'université de toute responsabilité en cas d'accident scolaire dont je serais la cause ou la

Sart, Remi

21

Conception, elaboration et mise a l'essai d'un simulateur interactif permettant une approche modelisante: Application aux lois de la genetique mendelienne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dans cette recherche-developpement, nous avons concu, developpe et mis a l'essai un simulateur interactif pour favoriser l'apprentissage des lois probabilistes impliqees dans la genetique mendelienne. Cet environnement informatise devra permettre aux etudiants de mener des experiences simulees, utilisant les statistiques et les probebilites comme outils mathematiques pour modeliser le phenomene de la transmission des caracteres hereditaires. L'approche didactique est essentiellement orientee vers l'utilisation des methodes quantitatives impliquees dans l'experimentation des facteurs hereditaires. En incorporant au simulateur le principe de la "Lunette cognitive" de Nonnon (1986), l'etudiant fut place dans une situation ou il a pu synchroniser la perception de la representation iconique (concrete) et symbolique (abstraite) des lois probabilistes de Mendel. A l'aide de cet environnement, nous avons amene l'etudiant a identifier le(s) caractere(s) hereditaire(s) des parents a croiser, a predire les frequences phenotypiques probables de la descendance issue du croisement, a observer les resultats statistiques et leur fluctuation au niveau de l'histogramme des frequences, a comparer ces resultats aux predictions anticipees, a interpreter les donnees et a selectionner en consequence d'autres experiences a realiser. Les etapes de l'approche inductive sont privilegiees du debut a la fin des activites proposees. L'elaboration, du simulateur et des documents d'accompagnement, a ete concue a partir d'une vingtaine de principes directeurs et d'un modele d'action. Ces principes directeurs et le modele d'action decoulent de considerations theoriques psychologiques, didactiques et technologiques. La recherche decrit la structure des differentes parties composant le simulateur. L'architecture de celui-ci est construite autour d'une unite centrale, la "Principale", dont les liens et les ramifications avec les autres unites confere a l'ensemble du simulateur sa souplesse et sa facilite d'utilisation. Le simulateur "Genetique", a l'etat de prototype, et la documentation qui lui est afferente ont ete soumis a deux mises a l'essai: l'une fonctionnelle, l'autre empirique. La mise a l'essai fonctionnelle, menee aupres d'un groupe d'enseignants experts, a permis d'identifier les lacunes du materiel elabore afin de lui apporter les reajustements qui s'imposaient. La mise a l'essai empirique, conduite par un groupe de onze (11) etudiants de niveau secondaire, avait pour but, d'une part, de tester la facilite d'utilisation du simulateur "Genetique" ainsi que les documents d'accompagnement et, d'autre part, de verifier si les participants retiraient des avantages pedagogiques de cet environnement. Trois techniques furent exploitees pour recolter les donnees de la mise a l'essai empirique. L'analyse des resultats a permis de faire un retour critique sur les productions concretes de cette recherche et d'apporter les modifications necessaires tant au simulateur qu'aux documents d'accompagnement. Cette analyse a permis egalement de conclure que notre simulateur interactif favorise une approche inductive permettant aux etudiants de s'approprier les lois probabilistes de Mendel. Enfin, la conclusion degage des pistes de recherches destinees aux etudes ulterieures, plus particulierement celles qui s'interessent a developper des simulateurs, afin d'integrer a ceux-ci des representations concretes et abstraites presentees en temps reel. Les disquettes du simulateur "Genetique" et les documents d'accompagnement sont annexes a la presente recherche.

Lasri, Abdel-Halim

22

III -INTRODUCTION AUX TESTS STATISTIQUES  

E-print Network

III - INTRODUCTION AUX TESTS STATISTIQUES J-P. Croisille Universit´e de Lorraine UEL - Ann´ee 2012/2013 Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12 LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12;CHOIX DE L'HYPOTHESE NEUTRE ET DE L

Croisille, Jean-Pierre

23

Maladies reliées aux loisirs aquatiques  

PubMed Central

Résumé Objectif Passer en revue les facteurs de risque, la prise en charge et la prévention des maladies reliées aux loisirs aquatiques en pratique familiale. Sources des données Des articles originaux et de synthèse entre janvier 1998 et février 2012 ont été identifiés à l’aide de PubMed et des expressions de recherche en anglais water-related illness, recreational water illness et swimmer illness. Message principal Il y a un risque de 3 % à 8 % de maladies gastrointestinales (MGI) après la baignade. Les groupes à risque élevé de MGI sont les enfants de moins de 5 ans, surtout s’ils n’ont pas été vaccinés contre le rotavirus, les personnes âgées et les patients immunodéficients. Les enfants sont à plus grand risque parce qu’ils avalent plus d’eau quand ils nagent, restent dans l’eau plus longtemps et jouent dans l’eau peu profonde et le sable qui sont plus contaminés. Les adeptes des sports dans lesquels le contact avec l’eau est abondant comme le triathlon et le surf cerf-volant sont aussi à risque élevé et même ceux qui s’adonnent à des activités impliquant un contact partiel avec l’eau comme la navigation de plaisance et la pêche ont un risque de 40 % à 50 % fois plus grand de MGI par rapport à ceux qui ne pratiquent pas de sports aquatiques. Il y a lieu de faire une culture des selles quand on soupçonne une maladie reliée aux loisirs aquatiques et l’échelle clinique de la déshydratation est utile pour l’évaluation des besoins de traitement chez les enfants affectés. Conclusion Les maladies reliées aux loisirs aquatiques est la principale cause de MGI durant la saison des baignades. La reconnaissance que la baignade est une source importante de maladies peut aider à prévenir les cas récurrents et secondaires. On recommande fortement le vaccin contre le rotavirus chez les enfants qui se baignent souvent.

Sanborn, Margaret; Takaro, Tim

2013-01-01

24

Commissariat l'nergie atomique et aux nergies alternatives Chocs Avances 2010, Avances scientifiques et techniques de la Direction des applications militaires.  

E-print Network

I Cible d'ignition et instabilités laser-plasma S. LAFITTE, P. LoISEAu Amplification paramétrique d, Avancées scientifiques et techniques de la Direction des applications militaires. Image de couverture. LASSALLE, J. GrunEnwALD, F. zuCChInI INTERACTIoN lASER-MATIèRE Phénomènes d'accrétion magnétique en

Skupin, Stefan

25

i:\\staff\\auxs\\auxs_uho\\common\\forms_current\\correspondence\\pet agreement.doc University Housing  

E-print Network

i:\\staff\\auxs\\auxs_uho\\common\\forms_current\\correspondence\\pet agreement.doc University Housing Cat in their rooms based upon the following conditions: A. The student must register his/her pet prior to the animal Signature Date There is a non-refundable $50 pet fee for cats. Upon registration, staff will place a marker

Bertini, Robert L.

26

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT ET INTELLIGENCE ECONOMIQUE : DEUX NOTIONS AUX PASSES PROCHES ET AUX FUTURS COMPLEMENTAIRES  

E-print Network

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT ET INTELLIGENCE ECONOMIQUE : DEUX NOTIONS AUX PASSES PROCHES ET AUX FUTURS-Nancy Résumé : Les notions de Knowledge Management (KM) et d'Intelligence Economique (IE) partagent un grand futurs probables du KM et de l'IE à l'horizon 2012. Summary : Knowledge Management (KM) and Economic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

Aide aux utilisateurs Nouveaux marchs Voyages et hbergement 2012 AIDE AUX UTILISATEURS  

E-print Network

1 Aide aux utilisateurs Nouveaux marchés Voyages et hébergement 2012 14/11/2012 AIDE AUX UTILISATEURS DANS LE CADRE DES NOVEAUX MARCHES « VOYAGES ET HEBERGEMENT » 2012 Ce document vous permettra de. Comment valider un voyage ? ........................................................................ 9 9

van Tiggelen, Bart

28

Application de l'cologie comportementale aux  

E-print Network

· Continuité humain-animal · Psychologie et anthropologie évolutionniste L'approche darwinienne 3 · Clairement 16 "Chaque guenille... a son torchon" Buston & Emlen 2003 PNAS 100: 8805-8810 17 Importance de l'intelligence

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

29

Bourses aux cycles suprieurs Manolo Dulva Hina  

E-print Network

Bourses aux cycles supérieurs Banque Nationale 2007 2008 10 000 $ 10 000 $ 10 000 $ 10 000 $ Manolo 1 500 $ Magdalena Stanescu Doctorat génie FIMQ ­ Bourse Hervé Aubin 2006 5 000 $ Claude Bruxelle

Québec, Université du

30

Pathologie vgtale (synthse) Rsistances aux herbicides  

E-print Network

Pathologie v�g�tale (synth�se) R�sistances aux herbicides chez les mauvaises herbes H Darmency J; accept� le 27 mai 1990) R�sum� — L'usage inconsid�r� des herbicides pour un d�sherbage syst�matique des grandes cultures a conduit � l'apparition de mauvaises herbes r�sistantes. Huit familles d'herbicides

Boyer, Edmond

31

Pascale Bonnemre Considrations relatives aux reprsentations des substances  

E-print Network

Pascale Bonnemère Considérations relatives aux représentations des substances corporelles en : Bonnemère Pascale. Considérations relatives aux représentations des substances corporelles en Nouvelle Substances in New Guinea. -- Beliefs about bodily substances in some twenty New Guinea societies seem to form

Boyer, Edmond

32

FAS1005 : Introduction aux sciences humaines Automne 2013  

E-print Network

ses fictions. Freud et L'« humiliation » psychanalytique. Sigmund Freud, L'homme aux loups Recueil (l'humain et ses fictions) 7- 17 octobre : Freud et la Psychanalyse L'homme moderne comme la somme de

Parrott, Lael

33

RSISTIVIT LECTRIQUE DU BISMUTH IRRADI AUX NEUTRONS RAPIDES  

E-print Network

L-247 R�SISTIVIT� �LECTRIQUE DU BISMUTH IRRADI� AUX NEUTRONS RAPIDES G. QUELARD Section d'Etude des Solides Irradiés, C.E.N., 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France Résumé. 2014 Nous avons irradié du bismuth, à damage in bismuth, at 20 K has been studied by means of electrical resistivity. Results are independent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

34

Situations de précarité aux Antilles et en Guyane  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Situations de précarité aux Antilles et en Guyane . Le déséquilibre entre une croissance très rapide de la population active, et des créations d'emploi insuffisantes explique la progression du chômage aux Antilles au cours des dix dernières années. Ce dernier s'accompagne de l'apparition d'une frange de situations intermédiaires enre chô- mage et activité à temps plein : emplois irréguliers

Alain Tranap

1992-01-01

35

FALLAIT-IL APPLIQUER LA TAXE CARBONE AUX CARBURANTS ROUTIERS ?  

E-print Network

FALLAIT-IL APPLIQUER LA TAXE CARBONE AUX CARBURANTS ROUTIERS ? Richard Darbéra Latts - CNRS Darbera frappe les carburant routiers en France et dans plusieurs pays d'Europe justifierait que ceux-ci soient appliquée aux carburants consommés par les ménages a un coût économique supérieur au bénéfice attendu en

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

Comportement de frittés et de films d'oxyde de titane en présence d'atmosphères gazeuses, hors équilibre thermodynamique, en régime stationnaire; application aux capteurs résistifs d'oxygène  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oxygen resistive titanium dioxide sensors are useful to control combustion but their studies raise fundamental problems. The non-stoichiometry of titanium dioxide is studied in the 870-1 100 K temperature range by using, out of equilibrium, gas mixture flow of CO, CO2, O2 and Ar. The electrical resistance of sintered samples (dense or porous) or films is measured in steady-state conditions as a function of th gaz flow rate. The deviation to equilibrium increases with the flow rate. The sample resistance is a function of the flow rate, oxygen partial pressure, temperature and microstructure of the specimen. The sensitivity to oxygen is increased by fast oxygen diffusion through the bulk creating a potential barrier at the surface of the grains. Under oxidizing conditions at 870 K, a bulk mechanism determines the resistance variation which is proportional to P_{O_2}^{1/4}/P_{CO}^{1/2}. If reducing conditions are applied, in the same conditions of temperature, the oxide develops a bulk non-stoichiometry which is controlled by the redox couple CO/CO2 assuming thermodynamical equilibrium. However the large number of conducting electrons favors an oxygen chemisorption, creating potential barriers at the surface of the grains. Accordingly the film resistance is a P_{O_2}^{1/2} function. The surface potential and coverage rate are calculated through several theoretical models ; their comparison allows to conclude in a relatively slow diffusion of oxygen vacancies at 870 K. At 1 100 K, the gaz mixture is rather close to thermodynamical equilibrium : in oxidizing medium the sample is equilibrated with oxygen, under CO/CO2 reducing conditions film sensors are only sensitive to oxygen traces. La non-stœchiométrie de l'oxyde de titane est étudiée, dans le domaine de température 870-1 100 K, en présence d'atmosphères hors équilibre thermodynamique, composées de CO, CO2, O2, Ar. La résistance électrique de différentes structures massives, poreuses ou en couches est mesurée, en régime stationnaire, en fonction du débit des gaz ; ces atmosphères sont d'autant plus éloignées de l'équilibre que le débit est élevé. On montre que les variations de résistance des échantillons, en fonction du débit, dépendent du domaine de pression partielle d'oxygène, de la température et de la structure des échantillons. La sensibilité à l'oxygène est accrue par un morphologie qui, à l'échelle macroscopique, favorise la diffusion de l'oxygène et qui, à l'échelle microscopique, permet la création de barrière de potentiel aux joints de grains. En milieu oxydant, à 870 K, un mécanisme de volume qui met en jeu la cinétique des échanges avec la phase gazeuse, détermine une variation de résistance en P_{O_2}^{1/4}/P_{CO}^{1/2}. En milieu réducteur, à la même température, la non-stœchiométrie en volume de l'oxyde est fixée par le couple redox CO/CO2 comme si l'atmosphère était en équilibre thermodynamique. Mais l'abondance des électrons de conduction, favorise la chimisorption de l'oxygène qui contrôle la résistance des couches selon une loi en P_{O_2}^{1/2} en créant des barrières de potentiel à la surface des grains. Des modèles, permettant le calcul du potentiel de surface ainsi que du taux de recouvrement, sont développés ; la comparaison des modèles indique une diffusion relativement lente des lacunes d'oxygène à 870 K. A 1 100 K, l'atmosphère tend à être à l'équilibre thermodynamique : i) en atmosphère oxydante, tous les capteurs sont en équilibre avec la pression partielle d'oxygène ; ii) en atmosphère réductrice, dominée par le couple redox CO/CO2, seules les couches sont sensibles à la présence de traces d'oxygène.

Jerisian, R.; Gautron, J.; Loup, J. P.

1992-04-01

37

Soins Aux Brules Apres Un Accident Nucleaire  

PubMed Central

Summary Les lésions radiques sont dues le plus souvent à des radio-isotopes utilisés dans l’industrie. L’explosion d’un réacteur nucléaire, les armes nucléaires ou une attaque terroriste constituent un risque d’afflux massif de victimes brûlées. Les radiations ionisantes occasionnent des brûlures thermiques, des syndromes d’irradiation aiguë avec pancytopénie et des signes cutanés retardés. Après une période de latence, des symptômes cutanés apparaissent et leur profondeur est proportionnelle à la dose reçue. Les protocoles habituels de réanimation des brûlés s’appliquent ici. Les soins aux irradiés nécessitent aussi une mesure de l’irradiation et une décontamination par des personnels entraînés. En cas de catastrophe nucléaire, la priorité est d’optimiser les structures existantes et de préserver les moyens pour les patients ayant la plus forte probabilité de survie. Après un accident nucléaire isolé, les difficultés dans les centres de brûlés sont l’évaluation de la profondeur et les techniques chirurgicales de couverture cutanée. La préparation des moyens médicaux et des centres de brûlés est nécessaire pour faire face à la prise en charge de ces brûlures différentes et complexes. PMID:21991218

Bargues, L.; Donat, N.; Jault, P.; Leclerc, T.

2010-01-01

38

Hommage aux morts de la France combattante Pierre Brossolette Albert Hall, Londres, 18 juin 1943  

E-print Network

� Hommage aux morts de la France combattante � Pierre Brossolette Albert Hall, Londres, 18 juin Analyse En rendant un hommage passionn� aux morts de la France Combattante, le 18 juin 1943 � l juin, le fondateur de la France Libre d�pose une gerbe au monument aux morts de la Grande Guerre et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

ANDR KASPI La peine de mort aux tats-Unis  

E-print Network

Lectures ANDR� KASPI La peine de mort aux �tats-Unis Paris, Plon, 2003, 250 pages. par Daniel aujourd'hui le maintien de la peine de mort, du moins au sein de l'ensemble des pays d�mocratiques. � son�ment contribuant � la fois � une d�responsabilisation g�n�ralis�e � l'�gard de la peine de mort et au renforcement

Boyer, Edmond

40

Bourses d'tudes aux 5 000 $ US par semestre  

E-print Network

Bourses d'études aux �tats-Unis 5 000 $ US par semestre Allocation pour l'assurance médicale de 1er cycle à temps plein Le programme de bourses Killam www.killamfellowships.com Geneviève Boutin-Maison Boursier Killam 2013-2014 Université d'Ottawa #12;Un coup d'oeil sur la bourse LE PROGRAMME DE BOURSES

Petriu, Emil M.

41

Financer les bourses des tudiants Encourager la persvrance aux tudes  

E-print Network

Financer les bourses des étudiants Encourager la persévérance aux études Souligner l'�cole Portail de l'enseignement coopératif Portail du Fonds de développement Programme de bourses auprès des étudiants Remises de bourses du Fonds de développement de l'�cole �crans en circuit fermé de l'�cole au

Québec, Université du

42

I -INTRODUCTION AUX STATISTIQUES J-P. Croisille  

E-print Network

I - INTRODUCTION AUX STATISTIQUES J-P. Croisille Universit´e de Lorraine UEL - Ann´ee 2012/2013 Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12´ees/multivari´ees Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Laboratoire LMAM UEL: L'influence des math´ematiques sur la soci´et´e #12;Donn

Croisille, Jean-Pierre

43

Le concept de chômage involontaire : de Keynes aux nouveaux keynésiens  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Le concept de chômage involontaire, de Keynes aux nouveaux keynésiens. . L' objectif de la présente étude est de réfléchir sur l'évolution des idées quant à l'acceptabilité du concept de chômage involontaire à l'intérieur de la théorie néo­classique. Dans une première partie, je propose ma propre reconstruction du projet global mis en œuvre par Keynes dans la Théorie générale.

Michel De Vroey

1997-01-01

44

Évaluation de la performance péréquatrice des concours financiers de l'État aux communes  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Évaluation de la performance péréquatrice des concours financiers de l’État aux communes . . Les 36 600 communes françaises sont loin de pouvoir offrir aux résidents ou aux entreprises qu’elles accueillent le même niveau de services collectifs de proximité pour un effort fiscal donné. Leurs «pouvoirs d’achat en termes de consommations collectives» varient dans des proportions considérables. D’une part,

Guy Gilbert; Alain Guengant

2004-01-01

45

ASSIMILATION DES EXPRIENCES DE HALL ET FARADAY AUX EFFETS DU GYROSCOPE;  

E-print Network

269 ASSIMILATION DES EXP�RIENCES DE HALL ET FARADAY AUX EFFETS DU GYROSCOPE; PAR 31. B. �LIE. L élémentaires suivant O.x, c'est-à-dire perpendiculaires aux deux premières. Or le gyroscope présente le fait

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

VULNERABILITE TERRITORIALE ET RESILIENCES: RESISTANCES ET CAPACITES ADAPTATIVES FACE AUX ALEAS CLIMATIQUES  

E-print Network

1 VULNERABILITE TERRITORIALE ET RESILIENCES: RESISTANCES ET CAPACITES ADAPTATIVES FACE AUX ALEAS to formalize a paradigmatic change of natural risk treatment, namely applied to urban development strategies capacités adaptatives face aux aléas climatiques 1. INTRODUCTION Après la catastrophe provoquée par l

Boyer, Edmond

47

Cons?quences comportementales de la violence faite aux enfants  

PubMed Central

Résumé Objectif Discuter des répercussions de la violence sur le développement comportemental durant l’enfance, mettre en évidence certains signes comportementaux susceptibles d’alerter les médecins à la présence d’une maltraitance continue d’un enfant et explorer le rôle précis du médecin de famille dans une telle situation clinique. Sources des données Une recension systématique a servi à examiner la recherche pertinente, les articles de révision clinique et les sites web des organismes de protection de la jeunesse. Message principal Le comportement d’un enfant est une manifestation extériorisée de sa stabilité et de sa sécurité intérieures. C’est une lentille au travers de laquelle le médecin de famille peut observer le développement de l’enfant pendant toute sa vie. Tous les genres de violence sont dommageables pour les enfants, qu’elle soit physique, affective ou psychologique, et peuvent causer des problèmes à long terme dans le développement du comportement et de la santé mentale. Les médecins de famille doivent connaître les indices de maltraitance et de négligence envers les enfants et être aux aguets de ces derniers afin d’entreprendre les interventions appropriées et améliorer les résultats pour ces enfants. Conclusion La violence faite aux enfants peut causer un développement psychologique désordonné et des problèmes de comportement. Les médecins de famille exercent un rôle important dans la reconnaissance des signes comportementaux laissant présager une maltraitance, ainsi que pour offrir de l’aide afin de protéger les enfants.

Al Odhayani, Abdulaziz; Watson, William J.; Watson, Lindsay

2013-01-01

48

Exposition précoce aux aliments et allergies alimentaires chez les enfants  

PubMed Central

Résumé Question J’étais sous l’impression qu’on devrait éviter de donner aux nourrissons des aliments potentiellement allergènes comme des noix, du lait de vache et des œufs pour prévenir le développement de réactions allergiques. Quels conseils devrait-on donner aux parents concernant l’introduction des aliments durant la petite enfance et le développement des allergies alimentaires? Réponse Il n’y a pas de données probantes indiquant que retarder l’introduction d’aliments particuliers après l’âge de 6 mois aide à prévenir les allergies. Une récente déclaration de la Société canadienne de pédiatrie ne recommande aucun délai quant à l’introduction d’aliments durant la petite enfance. De récentes études de recherche semblent aussi faire valoir que l’introduction précoce (entre 4 et 6 mois) d’aliments possiblement allergènes procure une forme de protection et contribue à prévenir les allergies, mais il faudrait plus de recherche à ce sujet.

Chin, Benetta; Chan, Edmond S.; Goldman, Ran D.

2014-01-01

49

Preliminary paleogeographic reconstruction of the Illinois basin during deposition of the Mississippian Aux Vases Formation: Implications for hydrocarbon recovery  

SciTech Connect

Extensive outcrop investigation and selective subsurface study allow definition of Illinois basin paleogeography during deposition of the Mississippian (Valmeyeran-Meramecian) Aux Vases Formation. The results incorporate an integrated approach utilizing field observations and petrographic analysis, wireline logs, subsurface maps, and cores. The Aux Vases Formation depositional system has been determined to be composed of subtidal to intertidal facies. Depositional facies in outcrop are based on rock body geometries, sedimentary structure assemblages, paleocurrent analysis, paleontology of body and trace fossils, facies relationships, and petrography. Depositional facies determined from subsurface data are based on correlation of lithologic interpretations from wireline logs, sand body geometries form isopach maps, and petrography. Specific depositional facies observed in outcrop and core and inferred from wireline logs and isopach maps are offshore bars and tidal channel complexes, extensive subtidal to lower intertidal, ripple-laminated, fine-grained quartzose sandstone. Carbonate facies occur as subtidal grainstones at or near the base of a sequence, or as high energy deposits which have been tidally reworked. This depositional system produces reservoir heterogeneities that complicate efficient hydrocarbon recovery. This diverse facies architecture is modified by tectonic and diagenetic overprinting, further segregating potential producing zones. To significantly improve recovery efficiency, predictions regarding compartmentalization can be used prior to designing a drilling program, an infill drilling program, or an application of enhanced recovery techniques.

Cole, R.D. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (United States))

1991-03-01

50

Hormone de croissance placentaire. Signification par rapport aux hormones de croissance et  

E-print Network

Hormone de croissance placentaire. Signification par rapport aux hormones de croissance et. Placentalgrowth hormone. Significance relative to pituitary growth hormo- nes and placental lactogen hormone growth hormone (PGH). This entity, agonist of pituitary GH, appears responsible for the elevated IGFI

Boyer, Edmond

51

FICHE DE RESULTATS Elections aux Commissions de Gestion de la Recherche  

E-print Network

-Luc LANGLOIS Michel HERNANDEZ Fabrice MORAND Pierre BRICQUET Jean-Pierre #12;FICHE DE RESULTATS Elections aux VIALA Anne Lise DARGOUGE Olivier GUILLAUME-SIGNORET Marie JEANNY Brigitte MUTHER Nadine ARCHAMBEAU Anne

52

Genome-wide analysis of Aux\\/IAA and ARF gene families in Populus trichocarpa  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Auxin\\/Indole-3-Acetic Acid (Aux\\/IAA) and Auxin Response Factor (ARF) transcription factors are key regulators of auxin responses in plants. We identified the suites of genes in the two gene families in Populus and performed comparative genomic analysis with Arabidopsis and rice. RESULTS: A total of 35 Aux\\/IAA and 39 ARF genes were identified in the Populus genome. Comparative phylogenetic analysis

Udaya C Kalluri; Stephen P DiFazio; Amy M Brunner; Gerald A Tuskan

2007-01-01

53

Arabidopsis AUX1 Gene: A Permease-Like Regulator of Root Gravitropism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The plant hormone auxin regulates various developmental processes including root formation, vascular development, and gravitropism. Mutations within the AUX1 gene confer an auxin-resistant root growth phenotype and abolish root gravitropic curvature. Polypeptide sequence similarity to amino acid permeases suggests that AUX1 mediates the transport of an amino acid-like signaling molecule. Indole-3-acetic acid, the major form of auxin in higher plants,

Malcolm J. Bennett; Alan Marchant; Haydn G. Green; Sean T. May; Sally P. Ward; Paul A. Millner; Amanda R. Walker; Burkhard Schulz; Kenneth A. Feldmann

1996-01-01

54

Arabidopsis aux1rcr1 mutation alters AUXIN RESISTANT1 targeting and prevents expression of the auxin reporter DR5:GUS in the root apex.  

PubMed

Multilevel interactions of the plant hormones ethylene and auxin coordinately and synergistically regulate many aspects of plant growth and development. This study isolated the AUXIN RESISTANT1 (AUX1) allele aux1(rcr1) (RCR1 for REVERSING CTR1-10 ROOT1) that suppressed the root growth inhibition conferred by the constitutive ethylene-response constitutive triple response1-10 (ctr1-10) allele. The aux1(rcr1) mutation resulted from an L126F substitution at loop 2 of the plasma membrane-associated auxin influx carrier protein AUX1. aux1(rcr1) and the T-DNA insertion mutant aux1-T were both defective in auxin transport and many aspects of the auxin response. Unexpectedly, expression of the auxin-response reporter DR5:GUS in the root apex was substantially prevented by the aux1(rcr1) but not the aux1-T mutation, even in the presence of the wild-type AUX1 allele. Following treatment with the synthetic auxin 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), DR5:GUS expression in aux1(rcr1) and aux1-T occurred mainly in the root apex and mature zone. NAA-induced DR5:GUS expression in the root apex was markedly prevented by ethylene in genotypes with aux1(rcr1) but not in aux1-T genotypes and the wild type. The effect of aux1(rcr1) on DR5:GUS expression seemed to be associated with AUX1-expressing domains. Green fluorescence protein-fused aux1(rcr1) was localized in the cytoplasm and probably not to the plasma membrane, indicating important roles of the Lys(126) residue at loop 2 in AUX1 targeting. The possible effects of aux1(rcr1) on DR5:GUS expression are discussed. PMID:23293348

Yu, Jing; Wen, Chi-Kuang

2013-02-01

55

CIEAEM 57 Italie Italy Foire aux ides, Session de Poster Piazza Armerina, Forum of Ideas, Poster Session  

E-print Network

CIEAEM 57 ­ Italie ­ Italy Foire aux idées, Session de Poster Piazza Armerina, Forum of Ideas and in higher grades in the mathematical language of functions). #12;CIEAEM 57 ­ Italie ­ Italy Foire aux idées

Spagnolo, Filippo

56

Evidence supporting an intentional Neandertal burial at La Chapelle-aux-Saints  

PubMed Central

The bouffia Bonneval at La Chapelle-aux-Saints is well known for the discovery of the first secure Neandertal burial in the early 20th century. However, the intentionality of the burial remains an issue of some debate. Here, we present the results of a 12-y fieldwork project, along with a taphonomic analysis of the human remains, designed to assess the funerary context of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neandertal. We have established the anthropogenic nature of the burial pit and underlined the taphonomic evidence of a rapid burial of the body. These multiple lines of evidence support the hypothesis of an intentional burial. Finally, the discovery of skeletal elements belonging to the original La Chapelle aux Saints 1 individual, two additional young individuals, and a second adult in the bouffia Bonneval highlights a more complex site-formation history than previously proposed. PMID:24344286

Rendu, William; Beauval, Cedric; Crevecoeur, Isabelle; Bayle, Priscilla; Balzeau, Antoine; Bismuth, Thierry; Bourguignon, Laurence; Delfour, Geraldine; Faivre, Jean-Philippe; Lacrampe-Cuyaubere, Francois; Tavormina, Carlotta; Todisco, Dominique; Turq, Alain; Maureille, Bruno

2014-01-01

57

Evidence supporting an intentional Neandertal burial at La Chapelle-aux-Saints.  

PubMed

The bouffia Bonneval at La Chapelle-aux-Saints is well known for the discovery of the first secure Neandertal burial in the early 20th century. However, the intentionality of the burial remains an issue of some debate. Here, we present the results of a 12-y fieldwork project, along with a taphonomic analysis of the human remains, designed to assess the funerary context of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neandertal. We have established the anthropogenic nature of the burial pit and underlined the taphonomic evidence of a rapid burial of the body. These multiple lines of evidence support the hypothesis of an intentional burial. Finally, the discovery of skeletal elements belonging to the original La Chapelle aux Saints 1 individual, two additional young individuals, and a second adult in the bouffia Bonneval highlights a more complex site-formation history than previously proposed. PMID:24344286

Rendu, William; Beauval, Cédric; Crevecoeur, Isabelle; Bayle, Priscilla; Balzeau, Antoine; Bismuth, Thierry; Bourguignon, Laurence; Delfour, Géraldine; Faivre, Jean-Philippe; Lacrampe-Cuyaubère, François; Tavormina, Carlotta; Todisco, Dominique; Turq, Alain; Maureille, Bruno

2014-01-01

58

Mecanismos de Acción de las Auxinas y los Herbicidas Auxínicos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Se muestra como las auxinas y los herbicidas auxínicos pueden inducir respuestas celulares y se describe el transporte basípeto de las auxinas. También se muestra como los receptores de auxinas reconocen las auxinas y los herbicidas auxínicos, los cuales inducen entonces la transmisión y traducción de señales para activar varios genes; el papel de los productos de esos genes en las respuestas de las plantas es también mostrado.

59

Coring Performance to Characterise the Geology in the ``Cran aux Iguanodons'' of Bernissart (Belgium)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cran aux iguanodons of Bernissart is a sinkhole (or chimney caving) with a valuable paleontological deposit due to the exceptional quantity and diversity of fossils found during the excavation conducted from 1878 to 1881. In fact, bones have been discovered in a clayey geological formation when digging à mine gallery at the -322 m level. A subsequent extraction gave

Jean-Pierre Tshibangu; Fabrice Dagrain; Hughes Legrain; Benoît Deschamps

2004-01-01

60

Attachement des Cilis du caecum de Cheval aux fragments vgtaux. — Dgradation des chloroplastes.  

E-print Network

chloroplastes. — Attachement des bactéries aux Ciliés du caecum. Annie BONHOMME-FLORENTIN LA G!40138, CNRS tissues, chloroplast degradation, and attachment of bacteria to the cecum. Cecum microfauna association. The morphology of ingested envacuolized chloroplasts changed rapidly, showing different stages of digestion

Boyer, Edmond

61

Observation de chloroplastes rsistants aux triazines chez une panicode, Setaria viridis L.  

E-print Network

Observation de chloroplastes résistants aux triazines chez une panicoïdée, Setaria viridis L individus d'une population jamais traitée mais possèdent des chloroplastes résistants : cette résistance est'autres types de résistance. SUMMARY Weeds, Setaria viridis L., Chloroplastic resistance, Triazines resistance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

62

Financiarisation, Evaluation et Information Comptable : De la cration de valeur aux IFRS  

E-print Network

1 Financiarisation, Evaluation et Information Comptable : De la création de valeur aux IFRS Journée Concurrence marty@gredeg.cnrs.fr Mots clés : Financiarisation, création de valeur actionnariale, EVA, normes comptables et cours de bourse). Watts et Zimmerman développèrent, dans deux articles respectivement publiés

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

D'UNE AFFAIRE AUX AUTRES1 Josquin DEBAZ et Sophie ROUX2  

E-print Network

D'UNE AFFAIRE AUX AUTRES1 Josquin DEBAZ et Sophie ROUX2 QUELLE AFFAIRE ? Une introduction. Mais ce qui tint lieu d'introduction dans bien des articles, ce fut le récit en trois temps que les Jeanneret, La Querelle, chap. 1. 4 Sokal, « Entrevista com Alan Sokal ». Epstein, « Postmodernism

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

64

Liaison spcifique du cortisol aux protines plasmatiques chez le Cobaye, de la naissance au sevrage  

E-print Network

Liaison spécifique du cortisol aux protéines plasmatiques chez le Cobaye, de la naissance au Aubière, France. Summary. Specific binding of cortisol to plasma protein in the guinea-pig from birth : - the concentration of plasma cortisol by competitive binding to protein ; - the association constant, Ka, and total

Boyer, Edmond

65

Comment amliorer l'accs des populations pastorales aux services sociaux de base et  

E-print Network

production animale. L'analphabétisme touche 100% des Regional edition West Africa No. 3 October 2012 Les'Est du Tchad. Photo: Mahamat Bechir West Africa Message aux décideurs · Au sahel, la malnutrition sévit

Richner, Heinz

66

Le Knowledge Management appliqu aux problmatiques de dveloppement Durable dans la Supply Chain  

E-print Network

Le Knowledge Management appliqué aux problématiques de développement Durable dans la Supply Chain, Knowledge Management, Supply Chain, Nonaka, Modèle SECI halshs-00534785,version1-10Nov2010 #12;2 The Knowledge Management applied to Sustainable Development Problems in the Supply Chain Abstract The concept

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

De la pornographie illgale aux sex-shops English : From illegal pornography to sex stores  

E-print Network

De la pornographie illégale aux sex-shops English : From illegal pornography to sex stores Baptiste://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annder.2012.09.004 Mots-clefs : pornographie, commerce, droit, histoire, sociologie Keywords : pornography, commerce, law, history, sociology Quel était l'état du commerce pornographique

Boyer, Edmond

68

L'ethnologue face aux racismes : l'exemple tsigane** Patrick Williams*  

E-print Network

L'ethnologue face aux racismes : l'exemple tsigane** Patrick Williams* Ayant fait depuis des restitution d'une totalité. Celle-ci interdit en effet l'anonymat qui, dans les sociétés modernes, sert de majoritaire. The ethnologist and racisms : the example of gipsies Victims of exclusion for centuries, gipsy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

The Arabidopsis AUX1 gene: a model system to study mRNA processing in plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is advantageous for an organism to be able to remove aberrant mRNAs that have either been incorrectly transcribed or processed in order to prevent the accumulation of potentially harmful proteins. The selective degradation of nonsense containing transcripts has been described in yeast, Caenorhabiditis elegans and plants. The ease of identification of new mutant alleles in the AUX1 gene of

Alan Marchant; Malcolm J. Bennett

1998-01-01

70

LE VOYAGE AUX AMRIQUES ET LES REVUES SAVANTES FRANAISES AU XIXE  

E-print Network

LE VOYAGE AUX AM�RIQUES ET LES REVUES SAVANTES FRAN�AISES AU XIXE SI�CLE Mona HUERTA* Pouvait Nouveau Monde, mais c'est aussi s'attarder sur la question de la médiatisation de ces voyages au cours du scientifiques à travailler sur les terres américaines ; rappelons en particulier le voyage de Pierre Bourguer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

The carrier AUXIN RESISTANT (AUX1) dominates auxin flux into Arabidopsis protoplasts.  

PubMed

The ability of the plant hormone auxin to enter a cell is critical to auxin transport and signaling. Auxin can cross the cell membrane by diffusion or via auxin-specific influx carriers. There is little knowledge of the magnitudes of these fluxes in plants. Radiolabeled auxin uptake was measured in protoplasts isolated from roots of Arabidopsis thaliana. This was done for the wild-type, under treatments with additional unlabeled auxin to saturate the influx carriers, and for the influx carrier mutant auxin resistant 1 (aux1). We also used flow cytometry to quantify the relative abundance of cells expressing AUX1-YFP in the assayed population. At pH 5.7, the majority of auxin influx into protoplasts - 75% - was mediated by the influx carrier AUX1. An additional 20% was mediated by other saturable carriers. The diffusive influx of auxin was essentially negligible at pH 5.7. The influx of auxin mediated by AUX1, expressed as a membrane permeability, was 1.5 ± 0.3 ?m s(-1) . This value is comparable in magnitude to estimates of efflux permeability. Thus, auxin-transporting tissues can sustain relatively high auxin efflux and yet not become depleted of auxin. PMID:25039492

Rutschow, Heidi L; Baskin, Tobias I; Kramer, Eric M

2014-11-01

72

Etude comparative de récepteurs aux œstrogènes : Aspects moléculaire et cellulaire de la réponse aux œstrogènes et anti-œstrogènes impliqués dans les causes et thérapies du cancer du sein.  

E-print Network

??Les œstrogènes (E2), via le récepteur aux œstrogènes (ER), contrôlent l'expression de nombreux gènes impliqués dans la croissance, la différenciation cellulaire et les fonctions reproductrices.… (more)

Le Grand, Adélaïde

2009-01-01

73

Christian Hottin Monuments aux morts dans l'enseignement suprieur -2006 Le flambeau du savoir et la flamme du souvenir  

E-print Network

1 Christian Hottin ­ Monuments aux morts dans l'enseignement supérieur - 2006 Le flambeau du savoir et la flamme du souvenir Monuments aux morts et culte des morts dans les établissements d morts, comme en témoigne le cénotaphe érigé en haut de l'avenue et évoqué par Jules Romains dans Les

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

Localization of the auxin permease AUX1 suggests two functionally distinct hormone transport pathways operate in the Arabidopsis root apex  

PubMed Central

Auxins represent an important class of plant hormone that regulate plant development. Plants use specialized carrier proteins to transport the auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) to target tissues. To date, efflux carrier-mediated polar auxin transport has been assumed to represent the sole mode of long distance IAA movement. Localization of the auxin permease AUX1 in the Arabidopsis root apex has revealed a novel phloem-based IAA transport pathway. AUX1, asymmetrically localized to the plasma membrane of root protophloem cells, is proposed to promote the acropetal, post-phloem movement of auxin to the root apex. MS analysis shows that IAA accumulation in aux1 mutant root apices is impaired, consistent with an AUX1 phloem unloading function. AUX1 localization to columella and lateral root cap tissues of the Arabidopsis root apex reveals that the auxin permease regulates a second IAA transport pathway. Expression studies using an auxin-regulated reporter suggest that AUX1 is necessary for root gravitropism by facilitating basipetal auxin transport to distal elongation zone tissues. PMID:11641271

Swarup, Ranjan; Friml, Jiri; Marchant, Alan; Ljung, Karin; Sandberg, Goran; Palme, Klaus; Bennett, Malcolm

2001-01-01

75

A combinatorial TIR1/AFB-Aux/IAA co-receptor system for differential sensing of auxin  

PubMed Central

The plant hormone auxin regulates virtually every aspect of plant growth and development. Auxin acts by binding to the F-box protein TIR1 and promotes the degradation of the Aux/IAA transcriptional repressors. Here, we show that efficient auxin binding requires assembly of an auxin co-receptor complex consisting of TIR1 and an Aux/IAA protein. Heterologous experiments in yeast and quantitative IAA binding assays using purified proteins showed that different combinations of TIR1 and Aux/IAA proteins form co-receptor complexes with a wide range of auxin-binding affinities. Auxin affinity appears to be largely determined by the Aux/IAA. As there are 6 TIR1/AFBs and 29 Aux/IAA proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana, combinatorial interactions may result in many co-receptors with distinct auxin sensing properties. We also demonstrate that the AFB5-Aux/IAA co-receptor selectively binds the auxinic herbicide picloram. This co-receptor system broadens the effective concentration range of the hormone and may contribute to the complexity of auxin response. PMID:22466420

Villalobos, Luz Irina A. Calderon; Lee, Sarah; De Oliveira, Cesar; Ivetac, Anthony; Brandt, Wolfgang; Armitage, Lynne; Sheard, Laura B.; Tan, Xu; Parry, Geraint; Mao, Haibin; Zheng, Ning; Napier, Richard; Kepinski, Stefan; Estelle, Mark

2012-01-01

76

Etude par microanalyse aux rayons X des migrations d'argent dans Ag2 Te  

E-print Network

551 Etude par microanalyse aux rayons X des migrations d'argent dans Ag2 Te J. C. Bernède et Y résultats confirment l'hypothèse d'une migration ionique introduite pour rendre compte de l'allure des carac. 2014 We apply high enough electric field in M-Ag2Te-M structures to obtain a definitive memorization

Boyer, Edmond

77

De La Violence Dans La Rage Aux Tripes De Mustapha Tlili  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cette thèse présente une analyse du thème de la violence dans le livre du Mustapha Tlili intitulé La Rage aux tripes.\\u000aLes personnages de ce livre nous conduisent dans un univers de violence de la colonisation et de la décolonisation, ainsi que les conséquences douloureuses, résultats d'une humiliation refoulée.\\u000aNotre but est donc de relever les formes et les représentations

Callixte Kayiranga

2006-01-01

78

"A Better Sharing of Knowledge" Mission de la DIST aux Etats-unis  

E-print Network

mars au 4 avril 2014 #12;2 Ce rapport retrace successivement les objectifs de la Mission de la DIST, la#12;1 "A Better Sharing of Knowledge" Mission de la DIST aux Etats-unis New-York, Washington du 24 et accompagnés par le Bureau du CNRS pour l'Amérique du Nord: la Mission adresse ses vifs

Canet, Léonie

79

Near-death experiences (NDE) Expriences aux frontires de la mort  

E-print Network

Near-death experiences (NDE) Expériences aux frontières de la mort Expériences de mort imminente = Expériences de l'au-delà ? = Expériences de l'en-deçà ? #12;Sources d'informations sur l'au-delà 1. La mort 2 de l'au-delà #12;Mythologie égyptienne : Livre des morts Mythologie grecque : Platon (428

Halazonetis, Thanos

80

Charte pdagogique de l'ulB DPARTEMENT ENSEIGNEMENT -DEPARTEMENT DE SUPPORT AUX ACTIVITS ACADMIQUES  

E-print Network

Charte pédagogique de l'ulB D�PARTEMENT ENSEIGNEMENT - DEPARTEMENT DE SUPPORT AUX ACTIVIT�S ACAD�MIQUES Conseil d'administration du 18 juin 2012 #12;Charte pédagogique de l'ULB 2 Charte pédagogique de l'université (articles 1 à 3); 2. les 10 axes stratégiques pour l'ULB adoptés par le CA du 21 avril 2008 ; 3. la Charte

Cerf, Nicolas

81

Mesure de la digestibilit des fourrages destins aux chevaux par la technique des sacs de nylon  

E-print Network

Mesure de la digestibilité des fourrages destinés aux chevaux par la technique des sacs de nylon selle adultes et par la technique des sacs de nylon sur 2 poneys mâles, adultes, munis d'une canule heures selon la méthode de TILLEY et TERRY (1963), puis le sac est introduit dans le caecum pour une

Boyer, Edmond

82

Guide de l'tudiant pour effectuer une demande de bourse aux tudes suprieures Introduction  

E-print Network

Guide de l'étudiant pour effectuer une demande de bourse aux études supérieures Introduction Une demande de bourse gagnante requiert une bonne préparation et du temps*. La Faculté des études supérieures série de consultations auprès de membres des comités de sélection de bourses des grands organismes

Parrott, Lael

83

INVESTISSEMENTS FRANÇAIS AUX ETATS-UNIS, STRATÉGIES DE CROISSANCE EXTERNE ET RÉACTIONS DU MARCHÉ BOURSIER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé : l'objectif de cet article est d'évaluer la réaction des marchés boursiers suite à l'annonce d'investissements directs par des entreprises françaises aux Etats-Unis. L'étude empirique se fonde sur une méthodologie d'étude d'événements, destinée à mesurer les rendements anormaux moyens et les rendements anormaux moyens cumulés, sur les cotations à la Bourse de Paris, associés à l'annonce d'acquisitions de firmes

Pierre-Xavier MESCHI; Emmanuel METAIS

84

Bruno JUDIC Les origines du culte de saint Martin aux V et VI sicles  

E-print Network

1 Bruno JUDIC Les origines du culte de saint Martin aux Vè et VIè siècles "Foedula qui par la anciens témoignages d'un culte de saint Martin. Il faut comprendre que Foedula, une femme de la haute époque le culte des saints Gervais et Protais fut d'ailleurs diffusé en Gaule. Mais quand Foedula est

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

85

Questionnements gographiques sur les monuments aux morts : symboliques et territoires de la commmoration  

E-print Network

historique, pour la première fois un chancelier allemand, Mme Angela Merkel, s'est tenu aux côtés du Lumières, premiers penseurs de l'idée européenne. L'événement est de taille puisqu'il s'agit pour Angela Merkel, représentante de la Nation allemande (le symbole est fort pour un pays qui fut notre principal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

Pourquoi trouver un marqueur atmosphrique d'exposition aux particules diesel ?  

E-print Network

Pourquoi trouver un marqueur atmosphérique d'exposition aux particules diesel ? Dominique LAFON rôle cancérigène possible des émissions diesel a suscité de nombreuses études depuis 20 ans. Nous avons sérieux ne nous permet d'incriminer plus les émissions des véhicules à moteur diesel que ceux à moteur

Boyer, Edmond

87

Aux sources de la civilisation : Les jeunes lites brsiliennes et le voyage en Europe dans la  

E-print Network

1 Aux sources de la civilisation : Les jeunes élites brésiliennes et le voyage en Europe dans la...) fait que le voyage de formation en Europe devient le passage obligé de tout jeune membre de l séjour que ces élites trouvent leur légitimité ; mais pour accéder à ce voyage, il faut être à même de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

88

Gopolitiques de Brest 2010 Migrations forces et vulnrabilits diffrencies face aux  

E-print Network

ravagea Londres en 1666 ou du tremblement de terre de Lisbonne en 1755 ou encore du Dust 1 Cet article est Sellin et Linda Gardelle (Ed.) (2012) 137-156" #12;Géopolitiques de Brest 2010 2 bowl aux Etats Unis souligne François Gemenne « jusqu'à l'exode provoqué par l'ouragan Katrina en 2005, la migration du Dust

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Developmental specificity of auxin response by pairs of ARF and Aux/IAA transcriptional regulators.  

PubMed

The plant hormone auxin elicits many specific context-dependent developmental responses. Auxin promotes degradation of Aux/IAA proteins that prevent transcription factors of the auxin response factor (ARF) family from regulating auxin-responsive target genes. Aux/IAAs and ARFs are represented by large gene families in Arabidopsis. Here we show that stabilization of BDL/IAA12 or its sister protein IAA13 prevents MP/ARF5-dependent embryonic root formation whereas stabilized SHY2/IAA3 interferes with seedling growth. Although both bdl and shy2-2 proteins inhibited MP/ARF5-dependent reporter gene activation, shy2-2 was much less efficient than bdl to interfere with embryonic root initiation when expressed from the BDL promoter. Similarly, MP was much more efficient than ARF16 in this process. When expressed from the SHY2 promoter, both shy2-2 and bdl inhibited cell elongation and auxin-induced gene expression in the seedling hypocotyl. By contrast, gravitropism and auxin-induced gene expression in the root, which were promoted by functionally redundant NPH4/ARF7 and ARF19 proteins, were inhibited by shy2-2, but not by bdl protein. Our results suggest that auxin signals are converted into specific responses by matching pairs of coexpressed ARF and Aux/IAA proteins. PMID:15889151

Weijers, Dolf; Benkova, Eva; Jäger, Katja E; Schlereth, Alexandra; Hamann, Thorsten; Kientz, Marika; Wilmoth, Jill C; Reed, Jason W; Jürgens, Gerd

2005-05-18

90

Electronic and geometric structure of AuxCuy clusters studied by density functional theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have determined the stable structures of AuCun, Au2Cun, Au3Cun and AuxCu8-x clusters. It has been observed that AuCun, Au2Cun and Au3Cun systems have two-dimensional (2D) structures up to six atoms and they become three-dimensional (3D) afterwards. AuxCu8-x clusters favor 3D structures till the Au7Cu1 cluster. We have found a lowest energy isomer of Au6Cu2 from the literature. Bond lengths, binding energies, density of states (DOS), highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO-LUMO) gaps, ionization potential (IP) and electron affinity (EA) have been calculated for these structures using the first principles density functional theory (DFT) within the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and the local density approximation (LDA). Generally, we have observed the overlap between s electrons of Cu and p electrons of Au near the Fermi level. Charge transfers are calculated by using the Löwdin analysis. It is observed that one Cu atom does not significantly modify the clusters which have more gold atoms. It is also seen that these clusters generally have nonmagnetic properties and results are consistent with the hybridization between s and d orbitals of Au in AuxCu8-x clusters.

Kadioglu, Y.; Üzengi Aktürk, O.; Tomak, M.

2014-01-01

91

Aux1p/Swa2p is required for cortical endoplasmic reticulum inheritance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.  

PubMed

In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is found at the periphery of the cell and around the nucleus. The segregation of ER through the mother-bud neck may occur by more than one mechanism because perinuclear, but not peripheral ER, requires microtubules for this event. To identify genes whose products are required for cortical ER inheritance, we have used a Tn3-based transposon library to mutagenize cells expressing a green fluorescent protein-tagged ER marker protein (Hmg1p). This approach has revealed that AUX1/SWA2 plays a role in ER inheritance. The COOH terminus of Aux1p/Swa2p contains a J-domain that is highly related to the J-domain of auxilin, which stimulates the uncoating of clathrin-coated vesicles. Deletion of the J-domain of Aux1p/Swa2p leads to vacuole fragmentation and membrane accumulation but does not affect the migration of peripheral ER into daughter cells. These findings suggest that Aux1p/Swa2p may be a bifunctional protein with roles in membrane traffic and cortical ER inheritance. In support of this hypothesis, we find that Aux1p/Swa2p localizes to ER membranes. PMID:11553703

Du, Y; Pypaert, M; Novick, P; Ferro-Novick, S

2001-09-01

92

Aux1p/Swa2p Is Required for Cortical Endoplasmic Reticulum Inheritance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae  

PubMed Central

In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is found at the periphery of the cell and around the nucleus. The segregation of ER through the mother-bud neck may occur by more than one mechanism because perinuclear, but not peripheral ER, requires microtubules for this event. To identify genes whose products are required for cortical ER inheritance, we have used a Tn3-based transposon library to mutagenize cells expressing a green fluorescent protein-tagged ER marker protein (Hmg1p). This approach has revealed that AUX1/SWA2 plays a role in ER inheritance. The COOH terminus of Aux1p/Swa2p contains a J-domain that is highly related to the J-domain of auxilin, which stimulates the uncoating of clathrin-coated vesicles. Deletion of the J-domain of Aux1p/Swa2p leads to vacuole fragmentation and membrane accumulation but does not affect the migration of peripheral ER into daughter cells. These findings suggest that Aux1p/Swa2p may be a bifunctional protein with roles in membrane traffic and cortical ER inheritance. In support of this hypothesis, we find that Aux1p/Swa2p localizes to ER membranes. PMID:11553703

Du, Yunrui; Pypaert, Marc; Novick, Peter; Ferro-Novick, Susan

2001-01-01

93

Chemical composition and geologic history of saline waters in Aux Vases and Cypress Formations, Illinois Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Seventy-six samples of formation waters were collected from oil wells producing from the Aux Vases or Cypress Formations in the Illinois Basin. Forty core samples of the reservoir rocks were also collected from the two formations. Analyses of the samples indicated that the total dissolved solids content (TDS) of the waters ranged from 43,300 to 151,400 mg/L, far exceeding the 35,400 mg/mL of TDS found in typical seawater. Cl-Br relations suggested that high salinities in the Aux Vases and Cypress formation waters resulted from the evaporation of original seawater and subsequent mixing of the evaporated seawater with concentrated halite solutions. Mixing with the halite solutions increased Na and Cl concentrations and diluted the concentration of other ions in the formation waters. The elemental concentrations were influenced further by diagenetic reactions with silicate and carbonate minerals. Diagenetic signatures revealed by fluid chemistry and rock mineralogy delineated the water-rock interactions that took place in the Aux Vases and Cypress sandstones. Dissolution of K-feldspar released K into the solution, leading to the formation of authigenic illite and mixed-layered illite/smectite. Some Mg was removed from the solution by the formation of authigenic chlorite and dolomite. Dolomitization, calcite recrystallization, and contribution from clay minerals raised Sr levels significantly in the formation waters. The trend of increasing TDS of the saline formation waters with depth can be explained with density stratification. But, it is difficult to explain the combination of the increasing TDS and increasing Ca/Na ratio with depth without invoking the controversial 'ion filtration' mechanism.

Demir, I.; Seyler, B.

1999-01-01

94

Auxin-nonresponsive grape Aux\\/IAA19 is a positive regulator of plant growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the characterization of VvIAA19, an auxin\\/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux\\/IAA) protein, in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). VvIAA19 was expressed abundantly in berries. VvIAA19 transcription was rapidly increased at pre-anthesis and then decreased during fruit set. Before véraison, however, VvIAA19 gene expression was upregulated again and maximum expression was maintained until the end of ripening. Exogenous IAA did\\u000a not induce VvIAA19

Minako Kohno; Haruka Takato; Haruka Horiuchi; Keiko Fujita; Shunji Suzuki

95

Information destine aux tudiants des cycles suprieurs Page 1 sur 5  

E-print Network

'ouverture. #12;Information destinée aux étudiants des cycles supérieurs Page 3 sur 5 COURRIER Il est possible de recevoir du courrier au département. Un casier, qu'il vous faudra partager avec 2 ou 3 étudiants, est mis à-ville 2500, ch. de Polytechnique Campus de l'Université de Montréal Montréal (Québec) H3C 3A7 COURRIER

Meunier, Michel

96

Soins primaires aux adultes ayant une d?ficience d?veloppementale  

PubMed Central

Résumé Objectif Mettre à jour les lignes directrices canadiennes de 2006 sur les soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale (DD) et présenter des recommandations pratiques fondées sur les connaissances actuelles pour traiter des problèmes de santé particuliers chez des adultes ayant une DD. Qualité des preuves Des professionnels de la santé expérimentés participant à un colloque et un groupe de travail subséquent ont discuté et convenu des révisions aux lignes directrices de 2006 en se fondant sur une recherche documentaire exhaustive, la rétroaction obtenue des utilisateurs du guide de pratique et les expériences cliniques personnelles. La plupart des preuves disponibles dans ce domaine viennent de l’opinion d’experts ou de déclarations consensuelles publiées (niveau III). Message principal Les adultes ayant une DD ont des problèmes de santé complexes, dont plusieurs diffèrent de ceux de la population en général. De bons soins primaires permettent d’identifier les problèmes de santé particuliers dont souffrent les adultes ayant une DD pour améliorer leur qualité de vie et leur accès aux soins de santé et prévenir la morbidité et le décès prématuré. Ces lignes directrices résument les problèmes de santé générale, physique, comportementale et mentale des adultes ayant une DD que devraient connaître les professionnels des soins primaires et présentent des recommandations pour le dépistage et la prise en charge en se basant sur les connaissances actuelles que les cliniciens peuvent mettre en pratique. En raison de l’interaction des facteurs biologiques, psychoaffectifs et sociaux qui contribuent à la santé et au bien-être des adultes ayant une DD, ces lignes directrices insistent sur la participation des aidants, l’adaptation des interventions, au besoin, et la consultation auprès de divers professionnels de la santé quand ils sont accessibles. Elles mettent aussi en évidence la nature éthique des soins. Les lignes directrices sont formulées dans le contexte d’un cadre éthique qui tient compte des questions comme le consentement éclairé et l’évaluation des bienfaits pour la santé par rapport aux risques de préjudice. Conclusion La mise en œuvre des lignes directrices proposées ici améliorerait la santé des adultes ayant une DD et minimiserait les disparités sur les plans de la santé et des soins de santé entre les adultes ayant une DD et la population en général.

Sullivan, William F.; Berg, Joseph M.; Bradley, Elspeth; Cheetham, Tom; Denton, Richard; Heng, John; Hennen, Brian; Joyce, David; Kelly, Maureen; Korossy, Marika; Lunsky, Yona; McMillan, Shirley

2011-01-01

97

Bourses pour stagiaires trangers aux cycles suprieurs (sjours de 4 6 mois l'Universit Laval)  

E-print Network

Bourses pour stagiaires étrangers aux cycles supérieurs (séjours de 4 à 6 mois à l'Université Laval quatre à six mois à l'aide d'un programme de bourses du Ministère des affaires étrangères et du commerce de plus de 400,000$ en bourses versées. De ce nombre, plusieurs ont décidé de poursuivre des études à

Laval, Université

98

Aperçu phytosociologique sur les pâturages naturels aux environs de castelo de vide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Etudiant les jachères pâturées de la zone de culture du seigle, aux environs de Castelo de Vide, l'auteur définit une association\\u000a nouvelle — le Lupineto-Astrocarpetum purpurascentis — appartenant à l'Helianthemion guttati Br.-Bl. (1931) 1940 em.\\u000a \\u000a Cette association occupe les sols siliceux, nettement acides, frais pendant l'hiver et une partie du printemps. Elle présente\\u000a un caractère floristique méditerranéen très net, tout

J. Malato-Beliz

1954-01-01

99

PROPRITS DILECTRIQUES DE L'OXYDE CUIVREUX AUX AUDIOFRQUENCES ENTRE 150 K ET 320 K  

E-print Network

393 PROPRI�T�S DI�LECTRIQUES DE L'OXYDE CUIVREUX AUX AUDIOFR�QUENCES ENTRE 150 °K ET 320 °K par C échantillons ont été obtenus par oxydation du cuivre à 1 O50 °C et recuit à 1 100 °C en présence d'air sous pression atmosphérique. Le montage utilisé est semblable à celui décrit par Grun [5]. Les durées d'oxydation

Boyer, Edmond

100

Contr^ole des equations aux derivees partielles aspects theorique et  

E-print Network

Contr^ole des ´equations aux d´eriv´ees partielles ­ aspects th´eorique et num´erique J´er^ome LE ROUSSEAU F´ed´eration Denis-Poisson, MAPMO, Universit´e d'Orl´eans Journ´ee contr^ole du Pole 3 ­ Universit´e d'Orl´eans 1/ 24 J. Le Rousseau Contr^ole des EDP #12;Contr^ole en dimension finie Syst`eme contr

d'Orléans, Université

101

dition interactive d'noncs en langue des signes franaise ddie aux avatars signeurs  

E-print Network

�dition interactive d'énoncés en langue des signes française dédiée aux avatars signeurs Ludovic a été publié dans les actes de la Conférence TALN-RECITAL 2013 R�SUM� Les avatars signeurs en Langue des de la communauté sourde. L'un des critères d'acceptation de ces avatars est l'aspect naturel et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

102

The AUX1 LAX family of auxin influx carriers is required for the establishment of embryonic root cell organization in Arabidopsis thaliana  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims The root meristem of the Arabidopsis thaliana mature embryo is a highly organized structure in which individual cell shape and size must be regulated in co-ordination with the surrounding cells. The objective of this study was to determine the role of the AUX1 LAX family of auxin import carriers during the establishment of the embryonic root cell pattern. Methods The radicle apex of single and multiple aux1 lax mutant mature embryos was used to evaluate the effect of this gene family upon embryonic root organization and root cap size, cell number and cell size. Key Results It was demonstrated here that mutations within the AUX1 LAX family are associated with changes in cell pattern establishment in the embryonic quiescent centre and columella. aux1 lax mutants have a larger radicle root cap than the wild type and this is associated with a significant increase in the root-cap cell number, average cell size, or both. Extreme disorganization of the radicle apex was observed among quadruple aux1 lax1 lax2 lax3 mutant embryos, but not in single aux1 null or in lax1, lax2 and lax3 single mutants, indicating redundancy within the AUX1 LAX family. Conclusions It was determined that the AUX1 LAX family of auxin influx facilitators participates in the establishment of cell pattern within the apex of the embryonic root in a gene-redundant fashion. It was demonstrated that aux1 lax mutants are affected in cell proliferation and cell growth within the radicle tip. Thus AUX1 LAX auxin importers emerge as new players in morphogenetic processes involved in patterning during embryonic root formation. PMID:19952011

Ugartechea-Chirino, Yamel; Swarup, Ranjan; Swarup, Kamal; Peret, Benjamin; Whitworth, Morag; Bennett, Malcolm; Bougourd, Sue

2010-01-01

103

Microdosage Rapide et Sensible de Proteines Immobilisees sur Support Insoluble: Applications aux Anticorps Immobilises sur Polystyrene  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram antibodies immobilized on polystyrene is proposed. A procedure of protein staining on polystyrene with coomassie, brilliant blue G 250 follows Beer's law after release of the coloured complex. The lower limits of detection are determined.

R. Couturier; B. Perrin; G. Favre-bonvin; A. Ville

1985-01-01

104

Comportement dynamique d'alliages a memoire de forme et application aux composites-AMF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Meeting current industrial, governmental and international standards regarding vibration and noise levels is a challenging task facing many engineers. These specifications are present in just about all fields of engineering, from aerospace to marine transportation, from automotive to railway transportation, from computer equipment to industrial working environments. An appropriate use of the remarkable properties of high damping metals (HIDAMETS) and shape memory alloy (SMA) reinforced composites emerges as a possible solution to these problems. Among many obstacles to overcome in developing such a technology, the implementation of reliable and adequate characterization techniques to determine dynamic properties of these materials appears to be of prime importance. The research efforts presented in this thesis are aimed at developing advanced techniques to characterize the dynamic behavior of HIDAMETS and SMA reinforced composites. These characterization results lead to the enhancement of numerical (finite element) and/or analytical methods for the simulation of dynamic responses of structures made of these materials. In particular, the research work has focused on three themes: the numerical and experimental validation of applying a characterization procedure developed for traditional composites to SMA reinforced composites; the development of a test bench for uniaxial hysteresis characterization of HIDAMETS in the medium frequency range; the hysteresis characterization and modeling of manganese copper (MnCu) and nickel titanium samples. The results obtained in the course of these efforts show that the characterization technique developed for traditional composites at the University of Brussels is sufficiently precise to successfully predict natural frequencies of complex SMA reinforced composite structures. Using the characterization to predict structural damping ratios, we observe a bias error in the prediction with respect to experimental results although the relative values between modes are consistent. Regarding the development of the test bench for uniaxial hysteresis characterization of HIDAMETS, results suggest that with the introduction of a few minor enhancements and with particular experimental precautions, the test bench can play an important role in characterizing HIDAMETS dynamic properties at various frequencies and strain amplitudes and in understanding micro mechanical mechanisms responsible for energy dissipation. Finally, uniaxial hysteresis loops and related parameters have been obtained with MnCu and NiTi samples. A material model based on dual kriging interpolation that expresses the tangent stiffness along these hysteresis loops as a function of strain and strain amplitude has also been developed.

de Santis, Silvio

105

Access to Health Care and Social Protection L'accs aux soins de sant et la protection sociale  

E-print Network

Access to Health Care and Social Protection L'accès aux soins de santé et la protection sociale sécurité sociale et les pourvoyeurs de soins. Introduction In France, the access to health care is founded, the access to healthcare has been conceived as a social right and is mainly managed through the coverage

Boyer, Edmond

106

Le système opioïde endogène et l’addiction aux drogues1  

PubMed Central

Résumé L’addiction aux drogues est une maladie psychiatrique chronique qui conduit à d’importantes altérations adaptatives dans les circuits de récompense du cerveau. Plusieurs systèmes de neurotransmission sont impliqués dans ces modifications. Cependant, un des systèmes neurochimiques qui joue un rôle essentiel dans l’addiction est le système opioïde endogène. Les récepteurs opioïdes et les peptides opioïdes endogènes sont très largement présents dans les structures cérébrales qui contrôlent les phénomènes de récompense, en particulier le système mésolimbique. Ces récepteurs et peptides opioïdes participent d’une manière sélective à plusieurs aspects des processus addictifs induits par les opiacés, les cannabinoïdes, les psychostimulants, l’alcool et la nicotine. Cette revue rend compte de l’état actuel des connaissances sur la participation de chaque composante du système opioïde endogène dans les propriétés addictives des différentes drogues. PMID:20176158

Maldonado, Rafael

2010-01-01

107

An early auxin-responsive Aux\\/IAA gene from wheat (Triticum aestivum) is induced by epibrassinolide and differentially regulated by light and calcium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The plant hormone auxin plays a central role in regulating many aspects of plant growth and develop- ment. This largely occurs as a consequence of changes in gene expression. The Aux\\/IAA genes are best characterized among the early auxin-responsive genes, which encode short-lived transcriptional repressors. In most plants examined, including Arabidopsis, soybean, and rice, the Aux\\/IAA genes constitute a large

Bhumica Singla; Archana Chugh; Jitendra P. Khurana; P. Khurana

2006-01-01

108

Guide l'intention des tudiants Bourses CRSNG, FQRNT, VANIER et autres Prparer une demande de bourse aux  

E-print Network

Guide à l'intention des étudiants Bourses CRSNG, FQRNT, VANIER et autres 2011 Préparer une demande de bourse aux études supérieures avec succès En tant qu'étudiant à Polytechnique, vous pouvez poser votre candidature pour plusieurs bourses qui pourront vous aider à assumer le coût de vos études. Ces

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

109

Les politiques alimentaires sont-elles adaptées aux changements d'habitudes alimentaires en Afrique au sud du Sahara ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Le recours de plus en plus massif aux importations alimentaires en Afrique au sud du Sahara ne signifie pas nécessairement une dégradation générale de la production vivrière ou l'adoption d'un modèle alimentaire extérieur, en ville notamment. Les habitudes alimentaires sont encore largement indépendantes des conditions d'approvisionnement, mais les prix relatifs des divers aliments commencent à peser sur l'évolution de

Georges Courade

1989-01-01

110

La distribution d'automobiles neuves en Europe est rgie par un rglement d'exemption aux rgles de la  

E-print Network

La distribution d'automobiles neuves en Europe est régie par un règlement d'exemption aux règles de contexte, les concessionnaires doivent repenser leur métier de distributeurs automobiles pour transformer les menaces en opportunités. Les spéculations sur l'avenir du système de la distribution automobile en

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

PROJET DE THESE COSTA RICA Evaluation des pertes de rcolte lies aux bioagresseurs dans une gamme de technicit de  

E-print Network

PROJET DE THESE COSTA RICA Evaluation des pertes de récolte liées aux bioagresseurs dans une gamme des systèmes de culture à base de café En Amérique centrale, le café est principalement cultivé en'intensification des systèmes de production. La conception de système de culture durable doit répondre à un

112

Du suicide de Mme Follin en 1828 aux suicides du dbut du XXe sicle: pour une tude  

E-print Network

Du suicide de Mme Follin en 1828 aux suicides du début du XXe siècle: pour une étude des violences'extinction du suicide, Revue de Rouen, 1844). Introduction Le 16 décembre 1828 le préfet de la Seine « suicide » chez les aliénés « fous moraux » ou suicidaires. L'ouverture des cerveaux permettrait de définir

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

Phloem-specific expression of a melon Aux/IAA in tomato plants alters auxin sensitivity and plant development.  

PubMed

Phloem sap contains a large repertoire of macromolecules in addition to sugars, amino acids, growth substances and ions. The transcription profile of melon phloem sap contains over 1000 mRNA molecules, most of them associated with signal transduction, transcriptional control, and stress and defense responses. Heterografting experiments have established the long-distance trafficking of numerous mRNA molecules. Interestingly, several trafficking transcripts are involved in the auxin response, including two molecules coding for auxin/indole acetic acid (Aux/IAA). To further explore the biological role of the melon Aux/IAA transcript CmF-308 in the vascular tissue, a cassette containing the coding sequence of this gene under a phloem-specific promoter was introduced into tomato plants. The number of lateral roots was significantly higher in transgenic plants expressing CmF-308 under the AtSUC2 promoter than in controls. A similar effect on root development was obtained after transient expression of CmF-308 in source leaves of N. benthamiana plants. An auxin-response assay showed that CmF-308-transgenic roots are more sensitive to auxin than control roots. In addition to the altered root development, phloem-specific expression of CmF-308 resulted in shorter plants, a higher number of lateral shoots and delayed flowering, a phenotype resembling reduced apical dominance. In contrast to the root response, cotyledons of the transgenic plants were less sensitive to auxin than control cotyledons. The reduced auxin sensitivity in the shoot tissue was confirmed by lower relative expression of several Aux/IAA genes in leaves and an increase in the relative expression of a cytokinin-response regulator, TRR8/9b. The accumulated data suggest that expression of Aux/IAA in the phloem modifies auxin sensitivity in a tissue-specific manner, thereby altering plant development. PMID:23986770

Golan, Guy; Betzer, Rotem; Wolf, Shmuel

2013-01-01

114

Que cache l'évolution des prêts bancaires aux Etats-Unis depuis la reprise 1992-1993 ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Que cache l'évolution des prêts bancaires aux États-Unis depuis la reprise 1992-1993 ?. . Les intermédiaires financiers américains ont été accusés d'avoir contribué à la persistance des difficultés économiques en se détournant de leurs activités traditionnelles au cours de la dernière récession. Cependant, plusieurs auteurs ont montré que la baisse de l'encours de crédit n'est pas seulement due au

Nada Matta

1995-01-01

115

Depositional facies and hydrocarbon reservoir compartmentalization of the Mississippian Aux Vases Formation at King Field, Jefferson County, Illinois  

SciTech Connect

King field has produced over 4 million bbl of oil from the Mississippian Aux Vases Formation along a north-south-trending anticlinal structure 3 mi long and 1.5 mi wide. The porous and permeable quartz sandstone, which comprises the principal hydrocarbon reservoir, can grade laterally into nonporous calcareous sandstone, siltstone, shale, or limestone within one well location (660 ft). The Aux Vases Formation at King field was deposited in an intertidal to subtidal, mixed siliciclastic-carbonate environment, and the resulting mosaic of depositional facies significantly affects reservoirs continuity. Impermeable to only slightly permeable siltstones, shales, and limestones of the various offshore facies, and shales and siltstones of the tidal-flat facies separate the producing sandstones of a tidal channel-offshore bar facies into distinct reservoir compartments. This reservoir heterogeneity results in an oil-water contact at various depths across the field. Lateral compartmentalization of the reservoir has allowed large sections of the Aux Vases reservoir to remain unswept by waterflooding. Volumetric analyses suggest that untapped reservoir compartments may contain an additional 1-2 million bbl of oil recoverable by primary and waterflood methods.

Leetaru, H.E. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (United States))

1991-08-01

116

Alkoxy-auxins are selective inhibitors of auxin transport mediated by PIN, ABCB, and AUX1 transporters.  

PubMed

Polar auxin movement is a primary regulator of programmed and plastic plant development. Auxin transport is highly regulated at the cellular level and is mediated by coordinated transport activity of plasma membrane-localized PIN, ABCB, and AUX1/LAX transporters. The activity of these transporters has been extensively analyzed using a combination of pharmacological inhibitors, synthetic auxins, and knock-out mutants in Arabidopsis. However, efforts to analyze auxin-dependent growth in other species that are less tractable to genetic manipulation require more selective inhibitors than are currently available. In this report, we characterize the inhibitory activity of 5-alkoxy derivatives of indole 3-acetic acid and 7-alkoxy derivatives of naphthalene 1-acetic acid, finding that the hexyloxy and benzyloxy derivatives act as potent inhibitors of auxin action in plants. These alkoxy-auxin analogs inhibit polar auxin transport and tropic responses associated with asymmetric auxin distribution in Arabidopsis and maize. The alkoxy-auxin analogs inhibit auxin transport mediated by AUX1, PIN, and ABCB proteins expressed in yeast. However, these analogs did not inhibit or activate SCF(TIR1) auxin signaling and had no effect on the subcellular trafficking of PIN proteins. Together these results indicate that alkoxy-auxins are inactive auxin analogs for auxin signaling, but are recognized by PIN, ABCB, and AUX1 auxin transport proteins. Alkoxy-auxins are powerful new tools for analyses of auxin-dependent development. PMID:21084292

Tsuda, Etsuko; Yang, Haibing; Nishimura, Takeshi; Uehara, Yukiko; Sakai, Tatsuya; Furutani, Masahiko; Koshiba, Tomokazu; Hirose, Masakazu; Nozaki, Hiroshi; Murphy, Angus S; Hayashi, Ken-ichiro

2011-01-21

117

Mecanismo(s) de Acción de los Herbicidas Auxínicos - Parte 2 - Nivel Avanzado  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Descripción:El control selectivo de malezas de hoja ancha en cultivos de cereales por los herbicidas auxínicos ha hecho de éstos una de las familias de herbicidas actualmente en uso mas ampliamente distribuidas e importantes. Se cree que estos herbicidas actúan como simuladores hormonales. En esta lección se detallará la relación estructural y fisiológica entre los herbicidas auxínicos y la fitohormona natural auxina (ácido indol-3-acético; IAA por sus siglas en inglés) y se explicarán los mecanismos bioquímicos que pueden estar involucrados en su modo de acción. Se revisará el mecanismo de transporte de célula a célula y la absorción de las auxinas por las células, así como también la forma en que estas moléculas causan elongación celular e inducen la síntesis de etileno. De igual forma, se describirán los receptores, las rutas de transferencia de señales y los cambios en expresión genética inducidos por la fitohormona natural IAA y su relación con la actividad de los herbicidas auxínicos.

118

Protocoles d'applications Le courrier lectronique  

E-print Network

1 1 Protocoles d'applications Le courrier électronique IUT d'Orsay réseauxIUT Bordeaux 1 2 Divers, gestion de courrier ou des news dans des dossiers 3 SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol [RFC 821 : 1982] 4, supprimer du courrier sur une machine distante Boîte aux lettres POP3 ou IMAP MX.d2.xx MUA sur B.d2.yy #12

Johnen, Colette

119

Tectonic conditions of hydrothermal polymetallic vein-type mineralization, Sainte Marie-aux-Mines, France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines (SMM) mines host one of the most famous and oldest silver deposits in Europe. The SMM district is located in the central part of the Vosges mountains, France, within gneiss and granites of the Moldanubian zone. The SMM district includes the Neuenberg E-W vein-type Cu-Ag-As/Pb-Zn deposit and the Altenberg N-S vein-type Pb-Zn-Ag deposit. Deposition of the SMM hydrothermal mineralization occurred under a brittle tectonic regime that might be connected to neo-Variscan and/or post-Variscan tectonics, in a similar way as the polymetallic vein deposits of the Black Forest, Germany. A structural study was done in the Neuenberg area, in the vicinity of the Saint-Jacques vein, and within the Gabe Gottes mine, considering the orientation, extent, chronology and density of faults as well as the nature of the infilling minerals. In the Gabe-Gottes mine, the Saint-Jacques vein comprises multiple successive, sub-parallel subvertical veinlets with gangue minerals, mostly carbonates and quartz, and metal-bearing phases, sulfides and sulfosalts. The veinlets are 2 to 50 cm thick and strike N80° to N110°, the earlier veins slightly dipping towards the north, and the latest one, to the south. Seven systems of faults were identified, which may be classified into three major groups formed respectively before, during and after the main stage of ore deposition: a) Pre-mineralization faults - These consist of sinistral NE-SW strike-slip faults, and NW-SE and NE-SW steeply dipping normal faults. These could be related to Carboniferous events considering their relationships with the granitoid intrusives present in the mine area (Brézouard leucogranite ~329 Ma), and the extensional tectonics developed during exhumation processes. b) Faults associated with the main ore-deposition - These faults could be related to late-Hercynian processes from compressional to extensional tectonic regimes. Mineralization controlling faults consist of dextral and sinistral E-W strike-slip faults. Early strike-slip movements are assessed by the presence of striated iron oxides, the crystallization of which is considered to be early during the ore deposition process. Mineralizing fluids were probably fluorine-rich as F-bearing minerals, sericite, chlorite and apatite are present in the chlorite zone associated with early sulphide-rich ores. The E-W mineralized faults are only easily compatible with the tectonics known in Permian times. c) Late-stage faults - These could be related to the numerous changes in plate configuration which occur during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic times, in accordance with the creation of the Paris basin, the opening of Atlantic ocean and Rhine Graben, as well as with the Tethys closure. For example, the vertical lineation superposed on an horizontal lineation observed on mineralized rocks indicate reactivation of the former E-W mineralized veins under a normal movement. The latter may correspond to an extensive regime known during Oligocene times. On the other hand, one of the major late-stage faults strikes N-S and is related to a dextral strike-slip system, which could be considered as Miocene. It is expected that fluid remobilization occurred during fault reactivation, a process which could have led to successive ore deposition following the emplacement of the major E-W mineralized veins. A fluid inclusion study in the gangue minerals of the Gabe Gottes is now under investigation. This together with isotopic studies will help to determine the source of the mineralizing fluids, as well as the conditions of ore deposition. Keywords: Faults, polymetallic mineralization, variscan orogeny, Gabe-Gottes, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, Vosges, F-rich fluids.

Hafeznia, Y.; Bourlange, S.; Ohnenstetter, M.

2012-04-01

120

Ectopic Overexpression of an AUXIN/INDOLE-3-ACETIC ACID (Aux/IAA) Gene OsIAA4 in Rice Induces Morphological Changes and Reduces Responsiveness to Auxin  

PubMed Central

Auxin has pleiotropic effects on plant growth and development. AUXIN/INDOLE-3-ACETIC ACID (Aux/IAA) proteins are short-lived transcriptional regulators that mediate auxin responses through interaction with an auxin receptor, the F-box protein transport inhibitor response 1 (TIR1). Most functions of Aux/IAA proteins have been identified in Arabidopsis by studying the gain-of-function mutants in domain II. In this study, we isolated and identified an Aux/IAA protein gene from rice, OsIAA4, whose protein contains a dominant mutation-type domain II. OsIAA4 has very low expression in the entire life cycle of rice. OsIAA4-overexpressing rice plants show dwarfism, increased tiller angles, reduced gravity response, and are less sensitive to synthetic auxin 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). PMID:23812082

Song, Yaling; Xu, Zeng-Fu

2013-01-01

121

Intro Architectures HTML/xHTML CSS Formulaires PHP MVC JavaScript Securite Applications interactives  

E-print Network

Intro Architectures HTML/xHTML CSS Formulaires PHP MVC JavaScript S´ecurit´e Applications cours de Mireille Jouve 1 / 125 #12;Intro Architectures HTML/xHTML CSS Formulaires PHP MVC JavaScript S Formulaires PHP MVC JavaScript S´ecurit´e Objectifs Pourquoi ce cours ? Objectifs th´eoriques introduction aux

Ligozat, Anne-Laure

122

Strotypes et motivation autodtermine 1 Relation entre les strotypes sexus associs aux pratiques sportives et la motivation  

E-print Network

Stéréotypes et motivation autodéterminée 1 Relation entre les stéréotypes sexués associés aux pratiques sportives et la motivation autodéterminée des élèves en éducation physique et sportive Aïna et Motricité 66 (2009) 61-70" #12;Stéréotypes et motivation autodéterminée 2 Résumé Cette étude

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

Programme de bourses aux tudes suprieures Page 1 Procdures et rglements (adopts par le Comit de direction le 18 juin 2012, rviss le 26 octobre 2012)  

E-print Network

Programme de bourses aux études supérieures Page 1 Procédures et règlements (adoptés par le Comité de direction le 18 juin 2012, révisés le 26 octobre 2012) PROGRAMME DE BOURSES AUX �TUDES SUP�RIEURES Procédures et règlements Les bourses de maîtrise et de doctorat de la Faculté de médecine et des sciences de

Spino, Claude

124

Light-dependent gravitropism and negative phototropism of inflorescence stems in a dominant Aux/IAA mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, axr2.  

PubMed

Gravitropism and phototropism of the primary inflorescence stems were examined in a dominant Aux/IAA mutant of Arabidopsis, axr2/iaa7, which did not display either tropism in hypocotyls. axr2-1 stems completely lacked gravitropism in the dark but slowly regained it in light condition. Though wild-type stems showed positive phototropism, axr2 stems displayed negative phototropism with essentially the same light fluence-response curve as the wild type (WT). Application of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid-containing lanolin to the stem tips enhanced the positive phototropism of WT, and reduced the negative phototropism of axr2. Decapitation of stems caused a small negative phototropism in WT, but did not affect the negative phototropism of axr2. p-glycoprotein 1 (pgp1) pgp19 double mutants showed no phototropism, while decapitated double mutants exhibited negative phototropism. Expression of auxin-responsive IAA14/SLR, IAA19/MSG2 and SAUR50 genes was reduced in axr2 and pgp1 pgp19 stems relative to that of WT. These suggest that the phototropic response of stem is proportional to the auxin supply from the shoot apex, and that negative phototropism may be a basal response to unilateral blue-light irradiation when the levels of auxin or auxin signaling are reduced to the minimal level in the primary stems. In contrast, all of these treatments reduced or did not affect gravitropism in wild-type or axr2 stems. Tropic responses of the transgenic lines that expressed axr2-1 protein by the endodermis-specific promoter suggest that AXR2-dependent auxin response in the endodermis plays a more crucial role in gravitropism than in phototropism in stems but no significant roles in either tropism in hypocotyls. PMID:24938853

Sato, Atsuko; Sasaki, Shu; Matsuzaki, Jun; Yamamoto, Kotaro T

2014-09-01

125

Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic incentives have spurred numerous applications of genetically engineered organisms in manufacture of pharmaceuticals and industrial chemicals. These successes, involving a variety of methods of genetic manipulation, have dispelled early fears that genetic engineering could not be handled safely, even in the laboratory. Consequently, the potential for applications in the wider environment without physical containment is being considered for agriculture, mining, pollution control, and pest control. These proposed applications range from modest extensions of current plant breeding techniques for new disease-resistant species to radical combinations of organisms (for example, nitrogen-fixing corn plants). These applications raise concerns about potential ecological impacts (see chapter 5), largely because of adverse experiences with both deliberate and inadvertent introductions of nonindigenous species.

Stern, Arthur M.

1986-07-01

126

ERADICATION OF CROWN OF THORNS STARFISH (ACANTHASTER PLANCI) INFESTATION IN A PATCH REEF IN THE LAGOON OFF ILE AUX CERFS, MAURITIUS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Crown of Thorns (COTs) starfish is a natural predator of live corals. It was observed in unusually high numbers in the patch reef between Ile aux Cerfs and the fringing reef. This paper describes how Crown of Thorns infestation was effectively controlled by injection of dry acid in situ through diving without any adverse effect on the marine environment

V Mangar

127

17 `eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Troyes, septembre 2005 Generateur de conditions aux limites amont pour les simulations de type  

E-print Network

17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes, ­ septembre 2005 G´en´erateur de conditions aux´ecomposition a ´et´e choisie car elle permet d'extraire les 1 #12;17 `eme Congr`es Franc¸ais de M´ecanique Troyes

128

Quelques conseils pratiques pour la prparation et la slection des dossiers de bourses Le concours annuel des bourses Vanier est arrim aux organismes subventionnaires  

E-print Network

Quelques conseils pratiques pour la préparation et la sélection des dossiers de bourses Vanier Le concours annuel des bourses Vanier est arrimé aux organismes subventionnaires fédéraux suivent présentent quelques conseils utiles pour la préparation des dossiers de bourses Vanier

Parrott, Lael

129

Manuscrit auteur publi dans Urbanisme, dossier villes indiennes, n355, juillet-aot 2007, Dynamiques d'urbanisation : des megacities aux villages urbains  

E-print Network

-50 1 Dynamiques d'urbanisation : des megacities aux villages urbains Kamala Marius-Gnanou1 et François. Moriconi-Ebrard (http://ifpindia.org/Built-Up-Areas-in-India-e- GEOPOLIS.html ) 4 Dans les frontières

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

130

Agostinelli, S. (2008). Six questions aux approches franaises des didactiques scientifiques appliques au e-learning. In, S. Agostinelli & M. Ranieri, (Eds.) The scientific didactical approaches  

E-print Network

appliquées au e-learning. In, S. Agostinelli & M. Ranieri, (Eds.) The scientific didactical approaches of e-learning - the French experience. Journal of e-Learning and Knowledge Society, 4(2), 147- 162. Six questions aux approches francophones des didactiques scientifiques appliquées au e-learning Professeur Serge Agostinelli

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

Anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility of CeCu6-xAux near the quantum phase transition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the low-temperature dc magnetic susceptibility of CeCu6-xAux(x=0.1) in very small fields B=100 ?T and 1 mT. For x=0.1, i.e. for the quantum critical concentration, we confirm the anomalous exponent ? of the susceptibility along the easy c-direction, ?c-1??+T? with ?=0.8 observed previously in moderate fields B=100 mT (see, A. Schröder, et al., Nature 407 (2000) 351). However, below 240 mK we see a clear additional contribution to ?c. At the lowest measuring temperature T=40 mK, the ratio ?c:?a:?b=4:1.5:1 of the susceptibility anisotropy is weaker than at higher T where the ratio is 10:2:1. This is caused by a steeper increase of ?a and ?b as compared to ?c.

Tomanic, T.; Hamann, A.; Löhneysen, H. v.

2008-04-01

132

Spectroscopie d'emission VUV-visible provenant de plasmas basse pression: Applications aux traitements de surfaces polymeriques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main objective of this thesis is to make a contribution to the spectroscopic study of low pressure glow discharges in the vacuum ultraviolet and to reveal the effect of this radiation on polymeric materials. This research considers the following important aspects relevant to low pressure glow discharges: (i)characterization of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) emission of several plasmas in the wavelength range available through crystalline fluoride windows, (ii)analysis of the emission dependence on several external parameters, and (iii)study of the VUV effect, in the accessible range, on polymeric materials of interest with respect to plasma treatments. The plasmas investigated, namely, hydrogen, oxygen and their mixtures with argon, were chosen by taking into consideration the composition of the gases used in technological plasmas, and the conditions needed for polymeric material irradiation. Two separate spectrophotometric instruments, a VUV monochromator (ARC VM-502) and an optical multichannel analyzer (OMA), were used. For the chosen plasmas, we measured the variation of the intensity of the atomic lines for different gas pressures and absorbed power levels. In the case of pure gas plasmas, the pressure dependence of the atomic line intensities was attributed to changes in the electron energy distribution function (EEDF). The argon emission spectra are very sensitive to the presence of impurities. The mixture plasmas we have studied (Ar-H2 and Ar-O2) show a strong emission of atomic fines in the VUV region, stronger than those resulting from the pure molecular gases. The above mixtures show promise as photon sources for the treatment of polymer surfaces. An important external parameter for the characterization of glow discharges is the excitation frequency. The goal of the specific experiments was to directly investigate the frequency-dependence effect. The frequency-related effects on plasma emission were investigated for two plasmas: pure hydrogen and 7% H2 in Ar mixture. In the case of pure hydrogen, we observed a change from a non-stationary to a stationary electron energy distribution function. For the Ar-H2 mixture, we have shown that the EEDF is stationary and that the dissociation rate for hydrogen molecules does not depend on frequency. A difference between the excitation mechanisms of different atomic lines was proven. Among the most sensitive materials with respect to plasma generated UV radiation are polymers. We have optimized the gaseous composition for various types of VUV radiation fluxes for the photochemical treatments of polymers. We have developed a system containing a thermo-stabilized quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and chambers for sample irradiation and gas absorption measurements. In this way we have separately measured the effects of both the active oxygen species (AO) and the VUV, as well as their synergistic actions. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Fozza, Alexandru C.

133

Apport des mthodes de dure de vie au domaine de l'assurance. Application aux contrats d'assurances automobiles  

E-print Network

'assurances automobiles K. Boukhetala *, J.M. Marion**, A. Oulidi** * USTHB - Département de Probabilités et Statistiques-paramétriques. On étudiera plus particulièrement le phénomène de résiliation de contrats d'assurances automobiles d vie de contrats d'assurance automobile afin de mieux gérer le phénomène de résiliation de contrats. En

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

Ecologie des transferts de contaminants dans les réseaux trophiques: application à Echinococcus multilocularis et aux éléments trace métalliques.  

E-print Network

??Il est maintenant établi que les changements anthropiques d'utilisation des terres (déforestation, irrigation, agriculture ...), les modifications de la biodiversité et les changements climatiques sont… (more)

Raoul, Francis

2013-01-01

135

AN EXPERIMENT IN AGRICULTURAL CREDIT: THE SMALL FARMER GROUP LENDING PROGRAMME IN GHANA (1969-1980) \\/ UN EXPERIMENT DE CREDIT AGRICOLE: LE PROGRAMME DE CREDIT AUX GROUPES DE PETITS EXPLOITANTS AGRICOLES AU GHANA (1969-1980)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cet article analyse en détail le programme de crédit aux regroupements de petits exploitants mis en place par la Agricultural Development Bank (ADB) au Ghana dans la période 1969-1980. Avant 1969, la Banque n'avait pas réussi à actroyer du crédit aux millions de petits exploitants qui produisent la plus grande partie de l'Output agricole du pays. Á l'époque, le crédit

Kwame Opoku Owusu; William Tetteh

1982-01-01

136

La gopolitique locale-globale aux marges de la City de Londres : conflits autour des projets de renouvellement urbain de Bishopsgate  

E-print Network

1 La géopolitique locale-globale aux marges de la City de Londres : conflits autour des projets de renouvellement urbain de Bishopsgate Publiés dans Hérodote n°137, p. 119-134, sour le titre Conflits d convoité par les promoteurs, peine à faire consensus, comme l'attestent différents conflits médiatisés. S

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Analyse des effets boursiers suite aux changements de dirigeants : le cas des entreprises du NASDAQ et de l'OTC depuis mars 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jusqu'en décembre 2001, le thème de la gouvernance, bien qu'important, ne représentait pas nécessairement un défi d'ampleur pour les entreprises. Puis, survinrent Enron et les autres cas de fraude qui s'ajoutaient aux problèmes rencontrés par les entreprises de la nouvelle économie. Ces bouleversements ont fait réaliser à quel point les entreprises (même les plus grandes) peuvent être dans certains cas

Alain Finet; Réal Labelle

2003-01-01

138

Synth`ese de l'enquete destin'ee aux b'en'eficiaires de bourses de formation ` a et par  

E-print Network

Synth`ese de l'enquâ??ete destin'ee aux b'en'eficiaires de bourses de formation ` a et par la'enquâ??ete porte sur la perception qu'ont les boursiers des bourses parfois improprement nomm'ees ``bourses sur crit`eres sociaux''. Le questionnaire a 'et'e envoy'e `a tous les b'en'eficiaires de ce type de bourses

Bertrand, Benoît

139

Interaction of the Tobacco Mosaic Virus Replicase Protein with the Aux\\/IAA Protein PAP1\\/IAA26 Is Associated with Disease Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virus-infected plants often display developmental abnormalities that include stunting, leaf curling, and the loss of apical dominance. In this study, the helicase domain of the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) 126- and\\/or 183-kDa replicase protein(s) was found to interact with the Arabidopsis Aux\\/IAA protein PAP1 (also named IAA26), a putative regulator of auxin response genes involved in plant development. To investigate

Meenu S. Padmanabhan; Sameer P. Goregaoker; Sheetal Golem; Haiymanot Shiferaw; James N. Culver

2005-01-01

140

Rflexions sur le transfert mthodologique de l'analyse qualitative d'accidents de la circulation routire issue de l'tude dtaille des accidents (EDA) franaise aux  

E-print Network

1 Réflexions sur le transfert méthodologique de l'analyse qualitative d'accidents de la circulation routière issue de l'étude détaillée des accidents (EDA) française aux procédures d'accidents colombiennes Mécanismes d'accidents (MA) - Institut Français des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

141

Analyse XPS des surfaces de Si et SiO2 exposes aux plasmas de CHF3 et CHF32014C2F6. Polymrisation et gravure  

E-print Network

309 Analyse XPS des surfaces de Si et SiO2 exposées aux plasmas de CHF3 et CHF32014C2F6 exposées à des plasmas de CHF3 et CHF32014C2F6 sont caractérisées par spectroscopie de photoélectrons (XPS and CHF32014C2F6 RF plasmas (RIE mode) are characterized by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS

Boyer, Edmond

142

Niveau socio?conomique et processus du recours aux soins par les familles de patients souffrant de troubles psychiques au Burkina Faso  

PubMed Central

Introduction Le Burkina Faso a connu une amélioration constante depuis deux décennies de l'offre de soins en psychiatrie. De même, le taux d'alphabétisation sans cesse croissant s'accompagne d'une profonde modification des conceptions et des comportements. La présente étude visait à déterminer l?impact des déterminants socioéconomiques sur le processus du recours aux soins par les familles. Méthodes Il s'est agi d'une enquête transversale portant sur 200 familles, menée dans le service de psychiatrie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou. Variable à expliquer: premier recours aux soins par les familles (guérisseur traditionnel ou prières religieuses vs. consultations psychiatrique ou médicale). Variable explicative: catégorie socioprofessionnelle classée en suivant la nomenclature des professions et catégories socioprofessionnelles; niveau d’études. L'analyse statistique a été effectuée à l'aide du logiciel SAS version 9.2. Le test du Khi deux a été utilisé. Résultats Il existait une association entre le choix du premier recours et la Profession et la catégorie socioprofessionnelledu « décideur » (p = 0.0006) ainsi que leniveau d’études du « décideur » (p = 0.0001). Conclusion La Profession et Catégorie Sociale et le niveau d'instruction scolaire pourraient être un marqueur important dans les politiques visant à optimiser les processus de recours aux soins des patients dans le circuit de soins. PMID:25161751

Yaogo, Ahmed; Sommer, Alain; Moulai, Pierre; Chebili, Said; Abaoub-Germain, Agnes

2014-01-01

143

Expression Pattern of Aux/IAA Genes in the iaa3/shy2?1D Mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.)  

PubMed Central

A semi?dominant mutant suppressor of hy2 (shy2?1D) of Arabidopsis thaliana, originally isolated as a photomorphogenesis mutant, shows altered auxin responses. Recent molecular cloning revealed that the SHY2 gene is identical to the IAA3 gene, a member of the primary auxin?response genes designated the Aux/IAA gene family. Because Aux/IAA proteins are reported to interact with auxin response factors, we investigated the pattern of expression of early auxin genes in the iaa3/shy2?1D mutant. RNA hybridization analysis showed that levels of mRNA accumulation of the early genes were reduced dramatically in the iaa3/shy2?1D mutants, although auxin still enhanced gene expression in the iaa3/shy2?1D mutant. Histochemical analysis using a fusion gene of the auxin responsive domain (AuxRD) and the GUS gene showed no IAA?inducible GUS expression in the root elongation zone of the iaa3/shy2?1D mutant. On the other hand, ectopic GUS expression occurred in the hypocotyl, cotyledon, petiole and root vascular tissues in the absence of auxin. These results suggest that IAA3/SHY2 functions both negatively and positively on early auxin gene expression. PMID:12096821

OONO, YUTAKA; OOURA, CHIHARU; UCHIMIYA, HIROFUMI

2002-01-01

144

Gestion des ressources hydriques adaptee aux changements climatiques pour la production optimale d'hydroelectricite. Etude de cas: Bassin versant de la riviere Manicouagan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Il est dorenavant etabli que les changements climatiques auront des repercussions sur les ressources en eau. La situation est preoccupante pour le secteur de production d'energie hydroelectrique, car l'eau constitue le moteur pour generer cette forme d'energie. Il sera important d'adapter les regles de gestion et/ou les installations des systemes hydriques, afin de minimiser les impacts negatifs et/ou pour capitaliser sur les retombees positives que les changements climatiques pourront apporter. Les travaux de la presente recherche s'interessent au developpement d'une methode de gestion des systemes hydriques qui tient compte des projections climatiques pour mieux anticiper les impacts de l'evolution du climat sur la production d'hydroelectricite et d'etablir des strategies d'adaptation aux changements climatiques. Le domaine d'etude est le bassin versant de la riviere Manicouagan situe dans la partie centrale du Quebec. Une nouvelle approche d'optimisation des ressources hydriques dans le contexte des changements climatiques est proposee. L'approche traite le probleme de la saisonnalite et de la non-stationnarite du climat d'une maniere explicite pour representer l'incertitude rattachee a un ensemble des projections climatiques. Cette approche permet d'integrer les projections climatiques dans le probleme d'optimisation des ressources en eau pour une gestion a long terme des systemes hydriques et de developper des strategies d'adaptation de ces systemes aux changements climatiques. Les resultats montrent que les impacts des changements climatiques sur le regime hydrologique du bassin de la riviere Manicouagan seraient le devancement et l'attenuation de la crue printaniere et l'augmentation du volume annuel d'apports. L'adaptation des regles de gestion du systeme hydrique engendrerait une hausse de la production hydroelectrique. Neanmoins, une perte de la performance des installations existantes du systeme hydrique serait observee a cause de l'augmentation des deversements non productibles dans le climat futur. Des strategies d'adaptation structurale ont ete analysees pour augmenter la capacite de production et la capacite d'ecoulement de certaines centrales hydroelectriques afin d'ameliorer la performance du systeme. Une analyse economique a permis de choisir les meilleures mesures d'adaptation et de determiner le moment opportun pour la mise en oeuvre de ces mesures. Les resultats de la recherche offrent aux gestionnaires des systemes hydriques un outil qui permet de mieux anticiper les consequences des changements climatiques sur la production hydroelectrique, incluant le rendement de centrales, les deversements non productibles et le moment le plus opportun pour inclure des modifications aux systemes hydriques. Mots-cles : systemes hydriques, adaptation aux changements climatiques, riviere Manicouagan

Haguma, Didier

145

Electrochemical dealloying of Al2(Au,X) (X = Pt, Pd, PtPd, Ni, Co and NiCo) alloys in NaCl aqueous solution.  

PubMed

The electrochemical dealloying of rapidly solidified Al2(Au,X) (X = Pt, Pd, PtPd, Ni, Co and NiCo) precursors in a 1.0 M NaCl aqueous solution has been systematically investigated using electrochemical measurements including open-circuit measurement, potentiodynamic polarization and potentiostatic polarization, and microstructural analysis. The results show that the kind of alloying element(s) has a significant influence on the open-circuit and corrosion potentials of the rapidly solidified Al2(Au,X) precursors. The bulk dealloying of the Al2(Au,X) precursors is affected by the kind of alloying element(s) and also sensitive to the applied potential (or overpotential). The addition of Ni or/and Co easily leads to passivation on the surface of precursors during potentiostatic dealloying. The potentiostatic dealloying of Al2(Au,Pt), Al2(Au,Pd) and Al2(Au,Pt,Pd) results in the formation of ultrafine nanoporous AuPt, AuPd and AuPtPd alloys, owing to the pinning effect of Pt or/and Pd on surface diffusion of Au adatoms. In comparison, the potentiostatic dealloying of Al2(Au,Ni), Al2(Au,Co) and Al2(Au,Ni,Co) leads to the formation of nanoporous Au with a ligament/channel size of ~40 nm due to the simultaneous dissolution of Al and Ni/Co. Moreover, the addition of Pt, Pd or PtPd not only inhibits surface diffusion of Au adatoms (lower diffusivities), but also improves the activation energy for the diffusion process during potentiostatic dealloying. Based upon the present results, nanoporous metals or alloys can be greenly fabricated through electrochemical dealloying in NaCl solutions. PMID:23455475

Wang, Yan; Xu, Junling; Wu, Bo

2013-04-21

146

Multiple AUX/IAA-ARF modules regulate lateral root formation: the role of Arabidopsis SHY2/IAA3-mediated auxin signalling.  

PubMed

In Arabidopsis thaliana, lateral root (LR) formation is regulated by multiple auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA)-AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR (ARF) modules: (i) the IAA28-ARFs module regulates LR founder cell specification; (ii) the SOLITARY-ROOT (SLR)/IAA14-ARF7-ARF19 module regulates nuclear migration and asymmetric cell divisions of the LR founder cells for LR initiation; and (iii) the BODENLOS/IAA12-MONOPTEROS/ARF5 module also regulates LR initiation and organogenesis. The number of Aux/IAA-ARF modules involved in LR formation remains unknown. In this study, we isolated the shy2-101 mutant, a gain-of-function allele of short hypocotyl2/suppressor of hy2 (shy2)/iaa3 in the Columbia accession. We demonstrated that the shy2-101 mutation not only strongly inhibits LR primordium development and emergence but also significantly increases the number of LR initiation sites with the activation of LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES-DOMAIN16/ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2-LIKE18, a target gene of the SLR/IAA14-ARF7-ARF19 module. Genetic analysis revealed that enhanced LR initiation in shy2-101 depended on the SLR/IAA14-ARF7-ARF19 module. We also showed that the shy2 roots contain higher levels of endogenous IAA. These observations indicate that the SHY2/IAA3-ARF-signalling module regulates not only LR primordium development and emergence after SLR/IAA14-ARF7-ARF19 module-dependent LR initiation but also inhibits LR initiation by affecting auxin homeostasis, suggesting that multiple Aux/IAA-ARF modules cooperatively regulate the developmental steps during LR formation. PMID:22527388

Goh, Tatsuaki; Kasahara, Hiroyuki; Mimura, Tetsuro; Kamiya, Yuji; Fukaki, Hidehiro

2012-06-01

147

Orienter des fragments moléculaires et des molécules grâce aux couplages dipolaires résiduels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many proteins and nucleic acids, as well as their complexes, consist of structural units with a known internal structure. However, relative position of these units within the entity is often a subject of uncertainty. This problem can be effectively addressed with the help of residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) measured by solution-state NMR in weakly oriented samples. Using a rigid-body approach, the relative orientation of the structural units can be adjusted to match the experimental RDC data. This paper explains why the rigid-body approach is well suited for application with the RDC data and discusses the general algorithm suitable for such studies. The examples of RDC-based rigid-body treatment involving protein backbone fragments, RNA helices, multidomain proteins, protein-ligand systems, and protein complexes are described in detail. The discussion includes systems where multiple structures co-exist in a dynamic equilibrium. Various degeneracies associated with the RDC data are considered and the methods that can assist in resolving the ambiguities are described. To cite this article: N.R. Skrynnikov, C. R. Physique 5 (2004).

Skrynnikov, Nikolai R.

2004-04-01

148

PHENOMENES LIES AUX NOYAUX COMPOSES S e r v i c e de Physique Theorique, CEN Saclay, BP n02 -91, Gif-sur-Yvette  

E-print Network

PHENOMENES LIES AUX NOYAUX COMPOSES C. Bloch S e r v i c e de Physique Theorique, CEN Saclay, BP n r e n c e s consid6rables s u i v a n t l e s d i f f e r e n t s N. Bohr e n 1936 e s t pratiquement a u s s i v i e i l l e Q t a t s n u c l e a i r e s e n t r e le-s i n t e g r a l e s d e

Boyer, Edmond

149

QCM sur le programme des TD7 et TD8 Vous devez pouvoir rpondre aux questions avec les tables distribues et une calculatrice.  

E-print Network

Correction QCM sur le programme des TD7 et TD8 Vous devez pouvoir répondre aux questions avec les, B, C et D, avec probabilité pA, pB, pC, pD. On a récolté un échantillon de telles variables, les eectuer le test suivant, en utilisant un test du 2 : H0 : pA = 0.4; pB = 0.4; pC = 0.1; pD = 0.1. Ha : (p

Barré, Julien

150

Mecanismo(s) de Acción de las Auxinas y los Herbicidas Auxínicos - Parte 1- Introducción  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Descripción:El control selectivo de malezas de hoja ancha en cultivos de cereales utilizando herbicidas auxínicos ha hecho de éstos una de las familias de herbicidas actualmente en uso más ampliamente distribuidas e importantes. Estos herbicidas fueron los primeros herbicidas orgánicos desarrollados que presentaron selectividad; es decir, capaces de matar un cierto grupo de plantas sin afectar a otros grupos (por ejemplo: matar plantas de hoja ancha pero no las de hoja angosta; en este documento se utilizará el término "gramíneas" para referirse a las plantas de hoja angosta o cereales). En esta lección se presentarán las principales características de los herbicidas auxínicos, se discutirán sus principales usos y se describirán los síntomas de daño que causan. De igual forma, se indicará la forma en que estos herbicidas matan a las plantas sensibles.

151

Des Artefacts aux Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

For some years, ontology research has investigated the field of computer programs, the main objective being to have at one's disposal formal descriptions of the programs so as to master their design and use. In line with these efforts, we currently develop a \\

Gilles Kassel; Pascal Lando; Anne Lapujade

152

Transposition des gros vaisseaux associ?e aux communications interventriculaire et interauriculaire: ? propos d'un cas et revue de la litt?rature  

PubMed Central

Nous rapportons une observation d'un nourrisson de 5 mois présentant une transposition des gros vaisseaux associée aux communications interventriculaire et interauriculaire. Il est né à terme sans aucun facteur de risque retrouvé dans les antécédents maternels. Le diagnostic est posé, grâce à une échocardiographie, à 5 mois après sa naissance lors de la survenue d'une cyanose et d'un malaise anoxique. Une prise en charge symptomatique a permis de stabiliser l’état du patient mais suite à l'absence d'un traitement chirurgical, il est décédé à domicile 3 semaines après sa sortie de l'hôpital. Dans les pays en développement, le diagnostic de la transposition des gros vaisseaux est souvent fait en période postnatale et son pronostic reste fatal par manque des centres médico-chirurgicaux spécialisés. PMID:24009800

Mutombo, Augustin Mulangu; Mukuku, Olivier; Lubala, Toni Kasole; Kabuya, Maguy Sangaji; Ilunga, Paul Makinko; Bugeme, Marcellin; Luboya, Oscar Numbi

2013-01-01

153

L'evolution des obstacles aux echanges et les entreprises canadiennes : survie et disparition apres l'Accord de libre-echange entre le Canada et les Etats-Unis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ce document permet d'examiner les consequences de l'evolution des obstacles aux echanges sur la survie des entreprises manufacturieres au Canada. Nous avons elabore un modele de Cournot a marches segmentes pour decrire les effets de la liberalisation des echanges sur des entreprises heterogenes exploitees dans diverses branches d'activite. Nous testons les previsions de ce modele empiriquement a l'aide de donnees

Jennifer Baggs

2004-01-01

154

Cdric Audebert & Andr Calmont (2007) Immigration antillaise et diversit sociale de la population noire aux Etats-Unis , in Andr Calmont et Cdric Audebert (dir.) Dynamiques migratoires de la Carabe,  

E-print Network

Cédric Audebert & André Calmont (2007) « Immigration antillaise et diversité sociale de la Caraïbe, Paris : Géode /Karthala, pp. 77-92. (Terres d'Amérique) 1 Immigration antillaise et diversité croissante de l'immigration contemporaine aux �tats-Unis constitue un défi pour une société organisée sur la

Boyer, Edmond

155

LES APPORTS DE LA THEORIE DU CONTRAT SOCIAL A L'EXPLICATION DES RUPTURES DE RELATIONS DE LONG TERME ENTRE ORGANISATIONS : UNE APPLICATION AUX RELATIONS BANQUES\\/PME  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cet article vise à montrer la pertinence du cadre d'analyse des normes contractuelles de Macneil pour expliquer les ruptures de relations de long terme entre organisations. Pour ce faire des entretiens ont été conduits sur 13 dyades chargés d'affaires\\/représentants de PME. Une analyse quantitative a ensuite été conduite sur 300 PME.

Isabelle Prim-Allaz; Jean Perrien; Bernard Pras

2001-01-01

156

Tilt and strain deformation induced by hydrologically-active natural fractures. Application to the tiltmeters installed in Sainte-Croix-aux-Mines observatory (France).  

E-print Network

Florsch 2 4 5 , Fr´ed´eric Boudin 6 , Ludovic Oudin 2 , Christian Camerlynck 2 Review III, submitted is that they are also sensitive to environmental influences, especially hydrological influences that may have amplitudes methods have been developed in order to model hydrological influences, using linear or non- linear models

157

Etude analytique et numérique de la réponse en vibration à hautes fréquences d'éprouvettes de fatigue vibratoire des métaux. Application aux aciers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper, the so-called " ultrasonic fatigue " or fatigue at very high frequency has been studied in the materials elastic behaviour case while neglecting the thermal effects that influence the mechanical fields. The determination of mechanical fields and specimen resonance length has been done both analytically and numerically. The numerical method used for this calculation is the finite element method (FEM). Martensitic steel " Soleil A2 " and austenitic steel " ICL 472 BC " have been considered in order to compare the two methods (analytical and numerical). It is shown that a perfect convergence is obtained between the two solutions. Dans le présent travail, la fatigue vibratoire a été étudiée dans le cas du comportement élastique des matériaux en négligeant les effets thermiques pouvant influencer les champs mécaniques. La détermination de ces champs et de la longueur de résonance des éprouvettes de fatigue a été faite analytiquement et numériquement. Le calcul numérique effectué se base sur la méthode des éléments finis. Dans le but d'une comparaison des solutions analytiques et numériques, deux aciers ont été considérés : un acier martensitique (Soleil A2) et un acier austénitique de type 18-10 (ICL 472 BC). Une parfaite convergence est obtenue entre les deux solutions.

Ben Aich, A.; El Kihel, B.; Kifani, A.; Sahban, F.

1994-07-01

158

Interaction of the Tobacco Mosaic Virus Replicase Protein with the Aux/IAA Protein PAP1/IAA26 Is Associated with Disease Development†  

PubMed Central

Virus-infected plants often display developmental abnormalities that include stunting, leaf curling, and the loss of apical dominance. In this study, the helicase domain of the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) 126- and/or 183-kDa replicase protein(s) was found to interact with the Arabidopsis Aux/IAA protein PAP1 (also named IAA26), a putative regulator of auxin response genes involved in plant development. To investigate the role of this interaction in the display of symptoms, a TMV mutant defective in the PAP1 interaction was identified. This mutant replicated and moved normally in Arabidopsis but induced attenuated developmental symptoms. Additionally, transgenic plants in which the accumulation of PAP1 mRNA was silenced exhibit symptoms like those of virus-infected plants. In uninfected tissues, ectopically expressed PAP1 accumulated and localized to the nucleus. However, in TMV-infected tissues, PAP1 failed to accumulate to significant levels and did not localize to the nucleus, suggesting that interaction with the TMV replicase protein disrupts PAP1 localization. The consequences of this interaction would affect PAP1's putative function as a transcriptional regulator of auxin response genes. This is supported by gene expression data indicating that ?30% of the Arabidopsis genes displaying transcriptional alterations in response to TMV contain multiple auxin response promoter elements. Combined, these data indicate that the TMV replicase protein interferes with the plant's auxin response system to induce specific disease symptoms. PMID:15681455

Padmanabhan, Meenu S.; Goregaoker, Sameer P.; Golem, Sheetal; Shiferaw, Haiymanot; Culver, James N.

2005-01-01

159

Pronounced matrix effect in YbMo2Al4-type Ca(AuxZn2-x)Au4 (x=0.09-0.89)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electron-poor polar intermetallics Ca(AuxZn2-x)Au4 have been synthesized through fusion of stoichiometric metals in sealed tantalum tubes at 800 °C and annealing at 400 °C for one week. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that this phase belongs to the YbMo2Al4-type structure (I4/mmm, Pearson symbol tI14), a?6.943-7.017 Å, c?5.278-5.286 Å, Z=2, with homogeneous composition range of x=0.09(1)-0.89(1). The structure exhibits a three-dimensional framework of (Au8)1/2 featuring square and octagonal channels extending in c, in which Ca and the infinite linear chains of [(Au,Zn)2]1/2 are located, respectively. Mulliken population analyses demonstrate that Zn prefers to form the linear chains in the whole homogeneous composition range, consistent with experimental observations. Crystal orbital Hamilton population (COHP) analyses reveal that the channel-to-chain Au-Zn contact has strong bonding interactions regardless of its large interatomic distance (~2.85 Å), a signature of pronounced matrix effect. The last mentioned effect in YbMo2Al4-type structures is expected in case the linear chains are defined by small size atoms.

Mishra, Trinath; Lin, Qisheng; Corbett, John D.

2014-10-01

160

Rapport soumis aux rapporteurs, dans le but de sanctionner le dossier pour l'obtention du grade de  

E-print Network

Docteur en Math´ematiques Appliqu´ees et Informatique de l'INPG Segmentation des tissus et structures sur segmentation : un maillon crucial dans de nombreuses applications . . . 24 2.4.3 Evaluation de la segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 3 Segmentation des IRM c´er´ebrales 27 3.1 Diff´erentes familles d'approches de la segmentation

Dojat, Michel

161

UBC13, an E2 enzyme for Lys63-linked ubiquitination, functions in root development by affecting auxin signaling and Aux/IAA protein stability.  

PubMed

Unlike conventional lysine (K) 48-linked polyubiquitination, K63-linked polyubiquitination plays signaling roles in yeast and animals. Thus far, UBC13 is the only known ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2) specialized in K63-linked polyubiquitination. Previous identification of Arabidopsis genes encoding UBC13 as well as its interacting partner UEV1 indicates that the UBC13-mediated ubiquitination pathway is conserved in plants; however, little is known about functions and signaling mediated through K63-linked polyubiquitination in plants. To address the functions of UBC13-mediated ubiquitination in plants, we created Arabidopsis ubc13 null mutant lines in which the two UBC13 genes were disrupted. The double mutant displayed altered root development, including shorter primary root, fewer lateral roots and only a few short root hairs in comparison with the wild type and single mutant plants, indicating that UBC13 activity is critical for all major aspects of root development. The double mutant plants were insensitive to auxin treatments, suggesting that the strong root phenotypes do not simply result from a reduced level of auxin. Instead, the ubc13 mutant had a reduced auxin response, as indicated by the expression of an auxin-responsive DR5 promoter-GFP. Furthermore, both the enzymatic activity and protein level of an AXR3/IAA17-GUS reporter were greatly increased in the ubc13 mutant, whereas the induction of many auxin-responsive genes was suppressed. Collectively, these results suggest that Aux/IAA proteins accumulate in the ubc13 mutant, resulting in a reduced auxin response and defective root development. Hence, this study provides possible mechanistic links between UBC13-mediated protein ubiquitination, root development and auxin signaling. PMID:25142088

Wen, Rui; Wang, Sheng; Xiang, Daoquan; Venglat, Prakash; Shi, Xianzong; Zang, Yuepeng; Datla, Raju; Xiao, Wei; Wang, Hong

2014-11-01

162

Full dimensional Franck-Condon factors for the acetylene A? (1)Au-X? ?g+1 transition. II. Vibrational overlap factors for levels involving excitation in ungerade modes.  

PubMed

A full-dimensional Franck-Condon calculation has been applied to the A? (1)Au-X? ?g+1 transition in acetylene in the harmonic normal mode basis. Details of the calculation are discussed in Part I of this series. To our knowledge, this is the first full-dimensional Franck-Condon calculation on a tetra-atomic molecule undergoing a linear-to-bent geometry change. In the current work, the vibrational intensity factors for levels involving excitation in ungerade vibrational modes are evaluated. Because the Franck-Condon integral accumulates away from the linear geometry, we have been able to treat the out-of-plane component of trans bend (?4 ('')) in the linear X? state in the rotational part of the problem, restoring the ? Euler angle and the a-axis Eckart conditions. A consequence of the Eckart conditions is that the out-of-plane component of ?4 ('') does not participate in the vibrational overlap integral. This affects the structure of the coordinate transformation and the symmetry of the vibrational wavefunctions used in the overlap integral, and results in propensity rules involving the bending modes of the X? state that were not previously understood. We explain the origin of some of the unexpected propensities observed in IR-UV laser-induced fluorescence spectra, and we calculate emission intensities from bending levels of the A? state into bending levels of the X? state, using normal bending mode and local bending mode basis sets. Our calculations also reveal Franck-Condon propensities for the Cartesian components of the cis bend (?5 ('')), and we predict that the best A?-state vibrational levels for populating X?-state levels with large amplitude bending motion localized in a single C-H bond (the acetylene?vinylidene isomerization coordinate) involve a high degree of excitation in ?6 (') (cis-bend). Mode ?4 (') (torsion) populates levels with large amplitude counter-rotational motion of the two hydrogen atoms. PMID:25296804

Park, G Barratt; Baraban, Joshua H; Field, Robert W

2014-10-01

163

The Aux/IAA gene rum1 involved in seminal and lateral root formation controls vascular patterning in maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots.  

PubMed

The maize (Zea mays L.) Aux/IAA protein RUM1 (ROOTLESS WITH UNDETECTABLE MERISTEMS 1) controls seminal and lateral root initiation. To identify RUM1-dependent gene expression patterns, RNA-Seq of the differentiation zone of primary roots of rum1 mutants and the wild type was performed in four biological replicates. In total, 2 801 high-confidence maize genes displayed differential gene expression with Fc ?2 and FDR ?1%. The auxin signalling-related genes rum1, like-auxin1 (lax1), lax2, (nam ataf cuc 1 nac1), the plethora genes plt1 (plethora 1), bbm1 (baby boom 1), and hscf1 (heat shock complementing factor 1) and the auxin response factors arf8 and arf37 were down-regulated in the mutant rum1. All of these genes except nac1 were auxin-inducible. The maize arf8 and arf37 genes are orthologues of Arabidopsis MP/ARF5 (MONOPTEROS/ARF5), which controls the differentiation of vascular cells. Histological analyses of mutant rum1 roots revealed defects in xylem organization and the differentiation of pith cells around the xylem. Moreover, histochemical staining of enlarged pith cells surrounding late metaxylem elements demonstrated that their thickened cell walls displayed excessive lignin deposition. In line with this phenotype, rum1-dependent mis-expression of several lignin biosynthesis genes was observed. In summary, RNA-Seq of RUM1-dependent gene expression in maize primary roots, in combination with histological and histochemical analyses, revealed the specific regulation of auxin signal transduction components by RUM1 and novel functions of RUM1 in vascular development. PMID:24928984

Zhang, Yanxiang; Paschold, Anja; Marcon, Caroline; Liu, Sanzhen; Tai, Huanhuan; Nestler, Josefine; Yeh, Cheng-Ting; Opitz, Nina; Lanz, Christa; Schnable, Patrick S; Hochholdinger, Frank

2014-09-01

164

Privilges offerts aux entreprises et aux fondations donatrices  

E-print Network

activités annuelles exclusives. · La mention du nom de l'entreprise ou de la fondation dona- trice dans la dona- trice dans le site Web du Bureau du développement et des relations avec les diplômés, sous la

Charette, André

165

Services aux tudiants Maison internationale  

E-print Network

versements de bourse de mobilité du ministère de l'�ducation, du Loisir et du Sport du Québec (MELS), voici réception de cette preuve, la Maison internationale procédera à la commande du chèque de bourse de mobilité valeur ajoutée à votre formation; · Commentaires ou suggestions à faire; IMPORTANT Il faut que votre

Montréal, Université de

166

Services aux tudiants Maison internationale  

E-print Network

remettre la bourse de mobilité en vertu du Programme de bourses pour de courts séjours universitaires à l recherche au terme de la période pour laquelle vous avez obtenu la bourse de mobilité. Le rapport d'accueil a représenté une valeur ajoutée à votre formation; · Commentaires ou suggestions à faire. IMPORTANT Il faut que

Charette, André

167

Services aux tudiants Maison internationale  

E-print Network

avons le plaisir de vous remettre la bourse de mobilité en vertu du Programme de bourses pour de courts'accueil a représenté une valeur ajoutée à votre formation; · Commentaires ou suggestions à faire. IMPORTANT Il faut que internationale au plus tard UN MOIS après la fin de la période pour laquelle vous avez obtenu la bourse de

Montréal, Université de

168

Services aux tudiants Maison internationale  

E-print Network

plaisir de vous remettre la bourse de mobilité en vertu du Programme de bourses pour de courts séjours; · Expliquer en quoi l'expérience à l'étranger au sein de l'institution d'accueil a représenté une valeur MOIS après la fin de la période pour laquelle vous avez obtenu la bourse de mobilité. Nous vous

Charette, André

169

Differential Effects of NAA and 2,4-D in Reducing Floret Abscission in Cestrum (Cestrum elegans) Cut Flowers are Associated with their Differential Activation of Aux/IAA Homologous Genes  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims A previous study showed that the relative effectiveness of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) compared with that of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) in reducing floret bud abscission in cestrum (Cestrum elegans) cut flowers was due to its acropetal transport. The aim of the present study was to examine if the differential effect of these auxins on floret abscission is reflected in the expression of Aux/IAA genes in the floret abscission zone (AZ). Methods cDNAs were isolated by PCR-based cloning from the floret AZ of auxin-treated cut flowers. The expression patterns of the cDNAs in various tissues and the effect of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), applied with or without cycloheximide, on their expression in the floret AZ were examined by northern blot analysis. The regulation of transcript accumulation in the floret AZ in response to NAA or 2,4-D was measured by real-time PCR during auxin pulsing of cut flowers and vase life, concomitantly with floret abscission. Key Results Six isolated cDNAs were identified to represent Aux/IAA homologous genes, designated as Cestrum elegans (Ce)-IAA1 to Ce-IAA6. Four Ce-IAA genes were characterized as early auxin-responsive genes (ARGs), and two (Ce-IAA1 and Ce-IAA5) as late ARGs. Only Ce-IAA5 was AZ-specific in floret buds. A temporal regulation of Ce-IAA transcript levels in the floret AZ was found, with 2,4-D inducing higher expression levels than NAA in floret buds. These Ce-IAA expression levels were negatively correlated with floret abscission. Conclusions The differential transport characteristics of NAA and 2,4-D in cestrum cut flowers were reflected in differential activation of the Ce-IAA genes identified in the floret AZ. Therefore, Aux/IAA genes can be used as molecular markers to measure auxin activity, which reflects free auxin level in the AZ. Two of the identified genes, Ce-IAA1 and Ce-IAA5, may also have a regulatory role in abscission. PMID:17591611

Abebie, Bekele; Lers, Amnon; Philosoph-Hadas, Sonia; Goren, Raphael; Riov, Joseph; Meir, Shimon

2008-01-01

170

Developpement de mesures non destructives, par ondes ultrasonores, d'epaisseurs de fronts de solidification dans les reacteurs metallurgiques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dans les cuves d'electrolyse d'aluminium, le milieu de reaction tres corrosif attaque les parois de la cuve, ce qui diminue leur duree de vie et augmente les couts de production. Le talus, qui se forme sous l'effet des pertes de chaleur qui maintiennent un equilibre thermique dans la cuve, sert de protection naturelle a la cuve. Son epaisseur doit etre controlee pour maximiser cet effet. Advenant la resorption non voulue de ce talus, les degats generes peuvent s'evaluer a plusieurs centaines de milliers de dollars par cuve. Aussi, l'objectif est de developper une mesure ultrasonore de l'epaisseur du talus, car elle serait non intrusive et non destructive. La precision attendue est de l'ordre du centimetre pour des mesures d'epaisseurs comprenant 2 materiaux, allant de 5 a 20 cm. Cette precision est le facteur cle permettant aux industriels de controler l'epaisseur du talus de maniere efficace (maximiser la protection des parois tout en maximisant l'efficacite energetique du procede), par l'ajout d'un flux thermique. Cependant, l'efficacite d'une mesure ultrasonore dans cet environnement hostile reste a demontrer. Les travaux preliminaires ont permis de selectionner un transducteur ultrasonore a contact ayant la capacite a resister aux conditions de mesure (hautes temperatures, materiaux non caracterises...). Differentes mesures a froid (traite par analyse temps-frequence) ont permis d'evaluer la vitesse de propagation des ondes dans le materiau de la cuve en graphite et de la cryolite, demontrant la possibilite d'extraire l'information pertinente d'epaisseur du talus in fine. Fort de cette phase de caracterisation des materiaux sur la reponse acoustique des materiaux, les travaux a venir ont ete realises sur un modele reduit de la cuve. Le montage experimental, un four evoluant a 1050 °C, instrumente d'une multitude de capteurs thermique, permettra une comparaison de la mesure intrusive LVDT a celle du transducteur, dans des conditions proches de la mesure industrielle. Mots-cles : Ultrasons, CND, Haute temperature, Aluminium, Cuve d'electrolyse.

Floquet, Jimmy

171

Lecture multi-théorique de la période de transition aux normes IAS\\/IFRS : une analyse lexicale de la communication financière  

Microsoft Academic Search

La première application des normes comptables internationales IAS\\/IFRS a suscité une communication financière particulièrement abondante. Conscients de l'exceptionnalité de cette situation, nous avons recensé tous les communiqués de presse relatifs à la première application des nouvelles normes comptables pour les groupes du SBF 120. Nous nous sommes interrogés sur l'existence de notions issues de la théorie positive de la comptabilité,

Samira Demaria

2007-01-01

172

Applicant # _____________ NEW APPLICANT  

E-print Network

in the record, b) the release of such information in response to a court order, health or safety emergency leadership, academic, and/or personal achievements. Explain how they are applicable to the TSC Governing # _____________ California State University, Fullerton Voluntary Authorization for Educational Record Disclosure University

de Lijser, Peter

173

Fluorescence cross-correlation analyses of the molecular interaction between an Aux/IAA protein, MSG2/IAA19, and protein-protein interaction domains of auxin response factors of arabidopsis expressed in HeLa cells.  

PubMed

Since auxin may elicit numerous developmental responses by the use of a combination of auxin response factors (ARFs) and their Aux/IAA repressors, it is important to determine the interaction between the two protein families in a quantitative manner. We transiently expressed the C-terminal protein-protein interaction domains (CTDs) of Arabidopsis ARFs, MP/ARF5 and NPH4/ARF7, and MSG2/IAA19, fused to fluorescent proteins in HeLa cells, and determined their molecular interactions with fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS). Almost complete association was found between MSG2 and MP-CTD and between MSG2 and NPH4-CTD. Approximately 20% association was found for MSG2 homodimers, NPH4-CTD homodimers and MP-CTD/NPH4-CTD heterodimers. Homotypic binding of MP-CTD may be weaker than that of MSG2. MSG2 was localized in cytoplasmic compartments in HeLa cells, whereas it was localized in the nuclei in plant cells. The fact that the heterotypic interaction between MSG2 and ARF-CTDs is stronger than each of the homotypic interactions appears to be the molecular basis for tight control of the transcriptional activity of ARFs by auxin. These results also show that FCCS is useful to examine protein-protein interactions especially for transcriptional regulators. PMID:16854942

Muto, Hideki; Nagao, Issei; Demura, Taku; Fukuda, Hiroo; Kinjo, Masataka; Yamamoto, Kotaro T

2006-08-01

174

Determination des diffusivites thermiques des materiaux anisotropes par methode flash bidirectionnelle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The topic of this study is to show that the flash method, originally designed for measuring thermal diffusivities of isotropic solids, can be extented to anisotropic media. For multilayered solids in thin plates samples (multilayered composite material for example), it is not possible to measure thermal diffusivities in the layers plane using the " standard " flash method. Experimental measurement of two thermograms on the back face of the sample, allows, by a comparison with a theoretical model, simultaneous identification of radial and axial diffusivities (partial time moments method). An experimental setup has been built and the method has been tested on isotropic samples of different diffusivities. Results about composites slabs (KevlarEpoxy) are also presented. Le but de cette étude est de montrer que la méthode " flash " originellement utilisée pour la mesure de la diffusivité thermique de matériaux isotropes, peut être étendue à la mesure des diffusivités thermiques de matériaux anisotropes. Dans le cas de matériaux anisotropes se présentant sous forme de plaques de faibles épaisseurs (composite multicouche par exemple), il n'est pas possible de mesurer la diffusivité thermique dans le plan des plaques par la méthode, flash classique. Deux thermogrammes relevés sur la face opposée à l'impulsion permettent, par une comparaison à un modèle analytique d'identifier simultanément les deux diffusivités axiale (perpendiculaire au plan de l'échantillon) et radiale (dans le plan de l'échantillon), par la méthode des moments temporels partiels. Une installation a été développée et validée. Des résultats obtenus sur des composites Kevlar-Epoxy sont présentés.

Lachi, M.; Degiovanni, A.

1991-12-01

175

Th`ese de doctorat de l'Universite Paris 6 Specialite : Science des materiaux  

E-print Network

Tabeling Directeur de th`ese Daniel Trouchet Directeur de th`ese Jean-Louis Viovy Rapporteur pastel´esultats obtenus et je l'en remercie. Un grand merci `a MM Jean-Louis Viovy et Henrik Bruus qui ont accept´e d th`ese en entreprise, c'est aussi Julien, Ronand, Paulo et Paulo, Brice, Nicolas, Marie-Joe, Val

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

Les recommandations de prise en charge des complications m?taboliques associ?es aux antipsychotiques de deuxi?me g?n?ration chez les enfants et les adolescents  

PubMed Central

HISTORIQUE : Les antipsychotiques de deuxième génération s’associent souvent à des complications métaboliques. Ces médicaments sont utilisés plus souvent pour le traitement des troubles de santé mentale chez les enfants, ce qui a requis l’élaboration de lignes directrices officielles sur la surveillance de leur innocuité et de leur efficacité. Des lignes directrices ont déjà été élaborées pour surveiller les complications métaboliques et neurologiques. Afin d’aider les praticiens qui effectuent ces interventions de surveillance, une série de recommandations thérapeutiques complémentaires a été élaborée pour les cas où l’on observe des mesures ou des résultats anormaux. OBJECTIF : Créer des recommandations probantes afin de contribuer à la prise en charge des complications métaboliques chez les enfants traités au moyen d’antipsychotiques de deuxième génération. MÉTHODOLOGIE : Les auteurs ont procédé à une analyse systématique des publications sur les complications métaboliques des antipsychotiques de deuxième génération chez les enfants. Les membres du groupe consensuel ont évalué l’information recueillie grâce à l’analyse bibliographique systématique et ont fait appel à un processus de groupe nominal pour parvenir à un consensus à l’égard de recommandations thérapeutiques. Dans la mesure du possible, ils se sont reportés aux lignes directrices existantes sur l’évaluation et le traitement des anomalies métaboliques chez les enfants. RÉSULTATS : Des recommandations probantes sont présentées pour contribuer à la prise en charge des complications métaboliques, y compris la prise de poids, l’augmentation du tour de taille, l’élévation des taux de prolactine, de cholestérol, de triglycérides et de glucose, les épreuves de fonction hépatique anormales et les études thyroïdiennes anormales. CONCLUSION : Il faut recourir à des mesures de surveillance convenables lorsqu’on prescrit des antipsychotiques de deuxième génération. Les présentes lignes directrices thérapeutiques orientent les cliniciens quant à la prise en charge clinique des complications métaboliques lorsqu’elles se produisent. PMID:24082815

Ho, Josephine; Panagiotopoulos, Constadina; McCrindle, Brian; Grisaru, Silviu; Pringsheim, Tamara

2012-01-01

177

Thermoelectric Properties of Au- Containing Type-I Clathrates Ba8AuxGa16-3xGe30+2x  

SciTech Connect

Type I clathrates, with compositions based on Ba8Ga16Ge30, are a class of promising thermoelectric materials due to their intrinsically low thermal conductivity. It has been demonstrated previously that the thermoelectric performance can be improved by transition metal substitution of the framework atoms. In this study, the effects of Au substitution for Ga/Ge on thermal and electrical transport properties of type I clathrate compounds have been investigated. Polycrystalline samples with a large range of Au content have been synthesized using conventional solid state techniques with the actual compositions of resulting materials approximately following Zintl-Klemm rules. The charge carrier type changes from electrons (n) to holes (p) as the Au content increases. The Seebeck coefficient (S) and power factor (S2/ where is the electrical resistivity) were improved by Au substitution and the resulting overall thermoelectric properties were enhanced by Au substitution with a thermoelectric figure of merit ZT ~ 0.63 at temperature T = 740 K for the composition Ba8Au5.47Ge39.96. The results presented herein show that Au-containing type I clathrates are promising p-type thermoelectric materials for high temperature applications.

Ye, Zuxin [Optimal Inc., Plymouth, Michigan 48170, USA] [Optimal Inc., Plymouth, Michigan 48170, USA; Cho, Jung Young [Optimal Inc., Plymouth, Michigan 48170, USA] [Optimal Inc., Plymouth, Michigan 48170, USA; Tessema, Misle M. [Optimal Inc., Plymouth, Michigan 48170, USA] [Optimal Inc., Plymouth, Michigan 48170, USA; Salvador, James R. [General Motors, Global Research and Development] [General Motors, Global Research and Development; Waldo, Richard A. [General Motors, Global Research and Development] [General Motors, Global Research and Development; Yang, Jihui [University of Washington] [University of Washington; Wang, Hsin [ORNL] [ORNL; Cai, Wei [ORNL] [ORNL; Kirkham, Melanie J [ORNL] [ORNL; Yang, Jiong [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)] [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); Zhang, Wenqing [Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (SICCAS)] [Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (SICCAS)

2014-01-01

178

SIPAD-NG: a generic system for accessing scientific data - Application to oceanography products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SIPAD-NG ("Système d'Information, de Préservation et d'Accès aux Données - Nouvelle Génération" - "Information System for Data Preservation and Access - New Generation") is a generic software system allowing web consultation of scientific data catalogs and access to these data. SIPAD-NG is an "on the shelf" software that can be used by Data Centres from any scientific domain. Currently, SIPAD-NG is operational for accessing data from CNES/CNRS Plasma Physics Data Centre, Mercator-Ocean and soon for CNES altimetry products and CNES/IFREMER SMOS products. The SIPAD-NG kernel is composed of "basic services" that offer the standard functions of a data management system: mechanisms for searching for relevant data, data selection and ordering, long-term archiving, etc… These "basic services" provide interfaces that allow various types of "client applications" to use them: web servers, science processing software, remote applications, etc… This architecture provides Data Centres with a software system that can be adapted to their needs and enhanced over time by: metadata catalog parameterization, customisation of the web server, adding of client applications and specific software. We describe SIPAD-NG characteristics in terms of functionalities, architectural design and technological choices. An example of instantiation for Oceanography applications (Mercator-Ocean and altimetry) is detailed.

Pottier, C.; Heulet, D.

2009-04-01

179

Les recommandations th?rapeutiques relatives aux effets secondaires extrapyramidaux associ?s ? l'utilisation d'antipsychotiques de deuxi?me g?n?ration chez les enfants et les adolescents  

PubMed Central

HISTORIQUE ET OBJECTIF : L’utilisation d’antipsychotiques augmente chez les enfants. Le présent article visait à orienter les cliniciens quant à la prise en charge clinique des effets secondaires extrapyramidaux des antipsychotiques de deuxième génération. MÉTHODOLOGIE : Les publications, les entrevues avec des informateurs clés et des échanges avec les membres d’un groupe de discussion et les partenaires ont permis de déterminer les principaux secteurs cliniques d’orientation et les préférences quant à la structure des présentes recommandations. Les membres responsables des lignes directrices ont reçu le projet de recommandations, ont évalué l’information recueillie grâce à une analyse bibliographique systématique et ont utilisé un processus de groupe nominal pour parvenir à un consensus quant aux recommandations thérapeutiques. Les lignes directrices contiennent une description des anomalies neurologiques souvent observées avec l’utilisation d’antipsychotiques ainsi que les recommandations sur le moyen d’examiner et de quantifier ces anomalies. Une démarche séquentielle sur la prise en charge des anomalies neurologiques est présentée. RÉSULTATS : On peut observer plusieurs types de symptômes extrapyramidaux attribuables à l’utilisation d’antipsychotiques chez les enfants, y compris la dystonie aiguë, l’akathisie, le parkinsonisme et la dyskinésie tardive, toutes induites par les neuroleptiques, de même que la dystonie tardive, l’akathisie tardive et les dyskinésies de sevrage. La forte majorité des données probantes sur le traitement des troubles du mouvement induits par les antipsychotiques proviennent de patients adultes atteints de schizophrénie. Étant donné le peu de données pédiatriques, les recommandations découlent de publications portant tant sur des adultes que sur des enfants. Compte tenu des limites de généralisation des données provenant de sujets adultes pour des enfants, il faudrait évaluer ces recommandations d’après les avis d’experts plutôt que d’après les données probantes. CONCLUSION : Les cliniciens doivent savoir que les antipsychotiques de deuxième génération ont le potentiel d’induire des effets secondaires neurologiques et devraient faire preuve d’une extrême vigilance lorsqu’ils en prescrivent. PMID:24082814

Pringsheim, Tamara; Doja, Asif; Belanger, Stacey; Patten, Scott

2012-01-01

180

State Application Identifier Applicant Identifier  

E-print Network

to criminal, civil, or administrative penalties. (U.S. Code, Title 18, Section 1001) 19. Authorized? TITLE: 11. * DESCRIPTIVE TITLE OF APPLICANT'S PROJECT: 12. * AREAS AFFECTED BY PROJECT (cities, counties. DATE RECEIVED BY STATE APPLICATION FOR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE SF 424 (R&R) County: * State: County: OMB

Kaminsky, Werner

181

Changements importants pour vos accommodements aux examens  

E-print Network

� par le professeur. Il doit le faire parvenir � Alain Constantine Constantine � l'adresse suivante : alain.constantine@umontreal.ca dans les d�lais de 3 semaines. Pour les �tudiants de la Facult� de l

Leclercq, Remi

182

Services aux tudiants Bureau des tudiants internationaux  

E-print Network

plaisir de vous remettre la bourse de mobilité en vertu du Programme de bourses pour de courts séjours; · Expliquer en quoi l'expérience à l'étranger au sein de l'institution d'accueil a représenté une valeur MOIS après la fin de la période pour laquelle vous avez obtenu la bourse de mobilité. Nous vous

Montréal, Université de

183

Services aux tudiants Bureau des tudiants internationaux  

E-print Network

le plaisir de vous remettre la bourse de mobilité en vertu du Programme de bourses pour de courts bourse de mobilité. Le rapport d'une longueur d'environ 3 pages doit inclure les éléments suivants: · Un sein de l'institution d'accueil a représenté une valeur ajoutée à votre formation · Commentaires ou

Montréal, Université de

184

Article original Rsistance aux antiseptiques et antibiotiques  

E-print Network

, érythromycine, chloramphénicol, kanamycine, tétracycline, gentamicine, novobiocine, oxacilline). L are resistant to many antibiotics and especially the Enterococcus and the species Staphylococcus epidermidis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

EXPOSITION AUX RISQUES ALIMENTAIRES ET PROCESSUS STOCHASTIQUES  

E-print Network

the exposure process is introduced. In this modeling, the temporal evolution of the contam- ination exposure. The random variable is then replaced with a stochastic process. A parsimonious markovian model describing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

Automates cellulaires : des dynamiques aux calculs,  

E-print Network

;#12;#12;#12;Automates cellulaires Systèmes dynamiques Topologie sur AZd topologie produit de la topologie discrète #12;Automates cellulaires Systèmes dynamiques Topologie sur AZd topologie produit de la topologie discrète Topologie sur AZd topologie produit de la topologie discrète métrisable par (x, y) = 2- min{ z :xz =yz } 0 x

Theyssier, Guillaume

187

Formation Stellaire Aux Échelles Des Galaxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Star Formation is at the very core of the evolution of galaxies. From their gas reservoir (filled by infall or fusions), stars form at the "Star Formation Rate" (SFR), with an enormous impact on many aspects of the evolution of galaxies. This HDR presents first the formalism concerning star formation (SFR, IMF), some theoretical suggestions on physical processes that may affect star formation on various galactic scales, and the methods used to determine the SFR from observations. A large part is dedicated to the "Star Formation Laws" (e.g. Schmidt law) on various scales (local, radial, and global law). Finally, the last part concerns the largest scales (evolution of the "cosmic" SFR and effect of the environment).

Boissier, S.

2012-12-01

188

Ce que la mixité fait aux élèves  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a synthesis of educational research devoted to the operating of co-educational classes, and assessing the impact of co-education itself. It relies on studies focussed on the interactions between teachers and pupils and between pupils themselves, and also those, less numerous, which compare single-sex and coeducational classes. It questions the impact of that way of operating upon pupils,

Marie Duru-Bellat

2010-01-01

189

COMMUNICATION Des fivres rcurrentes hrditaires aux syndromes  

E-print Network

fever. Genetic diseases, inborn. Autoimmune diseases. Cloning, molecular. Genetic screening Marc DELPECH 2009 1873 #12;SUMMARY Hereditary recurrent fevers are rare genetic diseases characterized by febrile periods of variable duration. Classically, four such diseases were recognized, namely familial

Boyer, Edmond

190

39 Aux.Services Building 46 Barnhardt  

E-print Network

Hall 536 Hickory Hall 504 Holshouser Hall 563 Hunt Hall 546 Lynch Hall 542 Maple Hall 564 Martin Hall Hawthorn Hall 536 Hickory Hall 504 Holshouser Hall 563 Hunt Hall 546 Lynch Hall 542 Maple Hall 564 Martin

Howitt, Ivan

191

Guides d'ondes infrarouges pour applications en télécommunications, capteurs chimiques et biochimiques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les énergies de phonons élevés des verres à base de silice limitent leurs applications dans l'infrarouge. Il devient donc incontournable de créer des verres à plus faible énergie de phonons pour développer une optique passive guidée opérationnelle dans l'IR moyen et pour réaliser de nouveaux guide d'ondes optiques activés par des lanthanides pouvant jouer le rôle soit d'amplificateurs optiques soit de fibres lasers. Les compositions de verres stables répondant à ces critères sont exceptionnelles et appartiennent aux familles chimiques des fluorures et des chalcogénures. Les verres de fluorures, convenablement dopés par des terres rares, ont permis la réalisation d'amplificateurs optiques opérant dans la fenêtre télecom de la silice (1.3 ?m avec le praséodyme, 1.45 ?m avec le thulium et 1.55 ?m avec l'erbium. Les verres de chalcogénures permettent la réalisation de fibres opérationnelles jusqu'à 12 ?m mais seulement pour des applications courtes distances telles que le transport d'énergie moyenne, la radiométrie à l'ambiante et la spectrométrie IR déportée par fibre optique de molécules chimiques ou de tissus biologiques.

Smektala, F.; Bureau, B.; Adam, J. L.; Lucas, J.

2002-06-01

192

Préparation de matériaux catalytiques bien définis à site unique de type complexe carbénique N-hétérocyclique d’Au(I) : application à la réaction d’addition des alcools sur les alcynes.  

E-print Network

??Les ligands carbéniques N-hétérocycliques sont généralement décrits comme des analogues aux ligands phosphines car ils présentent des propriétés électroniques comparables, bien que leur caractère ?-donneur… (more)

Bouhrara, Mohamed

2010-01-01

193

Laser Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page provides information about 12 different laser applications, including those in the everyday world, in industry, and in research. Some topics are treated in a single paragraph, whereas others link to a different webpage with much more content. Some illustrations are provided.

Nave, Carl R.

2010-09-17

194

THERMOSTATS: Application  

E-print Network

the place where it is generated to the reservoir, and associated with this flow is a temperature gradient. Once a temperature gradient is produced there will be a density gradient to maintain mechanical and Hamiltonian formulation is discussed. The application of such thermostats to the Lorentz gas is considered

Dettmann, Carl

195

IHA APPLICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This database is a summary of many of the applications of the Indicators of Hydrologic Alteration (IHA) software. Entries are listed according to author, with the name of the body\\/s of water highlighted in bold type. Individual users of IHA submitted some of the entries, and those persons have authorized themselves as contacts to obtain addition information. Other information was

196

REVUE GNRALE DES QUESTI~NS "LAITlRE,S Mmoires originaux  

E-print Network

AND.-ApplicaLion aux laits altérés el aux laits concen- trés sucrés du dosage du lac- tose en présence d'autres sucres,- ORIGINAUX (1) APPLICATION AUX LAITS ALT�R�S ET AUX LAITS CONCENTR�S SUCRES DU DOSAGE DU, LACTOSE EN PR�SENCE ainsi obtenue par la liqueur de Barfoed, je calcule ensuite le chiffre de lactose. Laits altérés

Boyer, Edmond

197

LE DROIT L'GALIT DANS L'ACCS AUX BIENS ET AUX SERVICES  

E-print Network

Rights and Freedoms has recently been modified to improve the protection of equality rights between men and women, it must be noted that certain provisions of the Charter adopted over thirty years ago are still. In the second part of the paper, the writer examines certain limitations to equality rights with a view

Spino, Claude

198

Detection de l'initiation de la delamination des materiaux composites par suivi de l'emission acoustique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cette étude, basée sur la surveillance des ondes d'émission acoustique (E.A.), présente le développement d'une approche de prédiction de l'initiation de la délamination de pièces composites soumises à des chargements statiques et en fatigue. La surveillance des ondes d'E.A. fait parti d'un nombre restreint de méthodes pouvant détecter, en continu, l'apparition et la croissance de dommages dans les matériaux composites. L'approche est comparée à des méthodes conventionnelles ainsi qu'à une modélisation numérique pour des composites à fibre de carbone unidirectionnels et tissés, sur une gamme de rapports de mode mixte. Le présent mémoire met en lumière les différentes étapes abordées durant l'étude. L'utilisation des matériaux composites est mise en contexte au premier chapitre. La complexité des matériaux composites ainsi que la nécessité de modèles de prédiction fiables sont soulignées. Le deuxième chapitre contient une revue de la littérature et présente les outils disponibles pour analyser le délaminage et bâtir un modèle prédictif de sa propagation. Les sujets traités sont la délamination dans un contexte de mécanique de la rupture, la modélisation numérique d'une propagation de fissure, l'approche du monitorage par émission acoustique puis l'analyse fractographiques des surfaces de rupture. Les résultats des essais mécaniques et de la modélisation sont présentés sous forme d'article dans le troisième chapitre. Des essais statiques et en fatigue ont permis de calculer le taux de restitution d'énergie de déformation à l'initiation de la délamination selon des méthodes classiques pour ensuite les comparer à une méthode développée, basée sur le suivi des ondes d'émission acoustique. Une série d'essais de propagation de la délamination en fatigue ont permis d'observer des corrélations entre les émissions acoustiques, la longueur de la délamination, la vitesse de croissance des fissures et la sévérité du chargement. Finalement, une méthodologie de reconnaissance des formes non supervisée est présentée afin de discriminer les signaux d'E.A. d'amorçage et de propagation de fissure du bruit associé à la fatigue. Mots-clés : Émission acoustique, initiation de la délamination, fatigue, composite, mode mixte I et II, Virtual Crack Closure Technique.

Silversides, Ian

199

MATERIAUX 2006 13-17 Novembre 2006 Dijon, France Caractrisation du transport de l'oxygne dans des lectrolytes  

E-print Network

-CLES : conducteur par ions oxyde, BIMEVOX, Brownmillerite Les électrolytes céramiques conducteurs par ions oxyde constituent le coeur des piles à combustible à oxyde solide et des électrolyseurs à haute température. Ils électrochimique, comme capteur à oxygène ou comme réacteur catalytique pour l'oxydation des hydrocarbures. Bien

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

MATERIAUX 2006 13-17 Novembre 2006 Dijon, France Fragmentation du combustible nuclaire UO2 en environnement oxydant : Etude  

E-print Network

environnement oxydant : Etude cinétique et phénoménologique L. Quémarda , L. Desgrangesa , V. Bouineaua , F de UO2. La cinétique d'oxydation et la phénoménologie de la fragmentation de UO2 entre 250 et 330°C pastilles de combustible non irradiés. En environnement oxydant, l'initiation de la fissuration semble due à

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

201

MATERIAUX 2006 13-17 Novembre 2006 Dijon, France Elaboration de gradients de composition continue dans des taillants PDC  

E-print Network

-step continuous gradients of several millimetres within WC- Co cermet, by the imbibition method. This process-Co Introduction Le composite particulaire WC-Co, appartenant à la famille des cermets, a acquis une place revêtir des cermets riches en phase liante d'une couche dure micrométrique (TiN, TiC, TiCN, ...) [1]. Afin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

Recuperation d'energie issue des deformations de structures aeronautiques a l'aide de materiaux piezoelectriques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aerospace structural maintenance (fuselage, wings) is a major component of operational costs which requires aircraft to be grounded and some of its parts to be dismantled in order to proceed to inspection. In order to allow in situ monitoring, Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) has been proposed where sensors and actuators are integrated on the structure. To avoid extensive wiring of the nodes, wireless sensors and actuators are attractive but should be self powered to fully benefit from them. One idea is to convert the mechanical energy (vibrations) available all over an aircraft into electricity using piezoelectric materials. This work investigates the potential of strain-based energy harvesters (as opposed to inertial harvesters) to supply wireless nodes on typical aircraft structures. A simple model is used to describe typical dynamic behavior of aircraft components: a beam representing the whole wing subjected to aerodynamic loading and a plate representing a fuselage panel subjected to pressure fields (jet noise and turbulent boundary layer). Various configurations of piezoelectric materials are tested such as bulk PZT, PZT fiber composite and Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) in order to evaluate the influence of their characteristics (size, polarization, electrodes' shape, capacitance...) on the harvested power. The results show that for a typical aerospace excitation of the beam (10 Hz and 56 ?def), the energy produced is up to 40 mJ with bulk PZT for a 7 minutes loading time. From the literature, this appears sufficient for RF transmission (25 ?J). For other excitation sources (for instance jet noise), the energy produced is up to only 1 mJ with bulk PZT for a 25 minutes loading time. The drawback is that we should wait for several seconds in order to charge the harvester's battery. And, considering that many other components than the RF transceiver will require energy in the meantime, the time laps between two' measures could increase to several minutes. Therefore, strain-based energy harvester could be used for supplying wireless sensor nodes but they would not allow real time measurement. However this approach is a simple and convenient way to scavenge energy compared to other kinds of harvesters (inertial, solar...) since it amounts to bonding a piezoelectric material on a flexible surface. Some design advices are eventually proposed for this kind of harvesters. They could be used for designing a harvester able to produce desired power from a known excitation. Keywords: Power harvesting, piezoelectric, piezoelectric fiber composite, vibration energy, structural health monitoring.

Debeaux, Sebastien

203

SCAMPI application platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we demonstrate an application platform architecture and implementation that allows developers to easily target opportunistic networks. The platform includes an opportunistic router, HTML5 application development framework, and an opportunistic application market for distributing applications. We demonstrate the platform and multiple HTML5 applications -- including chat, music and social networking applications -- running on Android devices.

Teemu Kärkkäinen; Mikko Pitkänen; Paul Houghton; Jörg Ott

2012-01-01

204

WOMEN'S STUDIES CENTER APPLICATION  

E-print Network

WOMEN'S STUDIES CENTER APPLICATION M. A. DEGREE All applicants need to apply to FAU Graduate Studies and to the Women's Studies Center. You may access the FAU general graduate application at http://graduate.fau.edu/GradApp/. Once you have submitted that application, you should complete the Women's Studies application. Thank

Fernandez, Eduardo

205

INDIA (IBUS) APPLICATION Application Instructions for  

E-print Network

INDIA (IBUS) APPLICATION #12;Application Instructions for Doing Business in Emerging Markets: India this course and visiting India. 3. Complete one SUNY Academic Reference Request Forms and have the form

Suzuki, Masatsugu

206

Undergraduate Application for Admission *Completed applications received  

E-print Network

, political asylees or refugees) who have never before enrolled at UNCG. International students must apply applications due: November 1, 2012 Notification: December 15, 2012* Application Dates Former Students Spring transcripts with the application will save considerable processing time. q Request that official SAT or ACT

Saidak, Filip

207

Application Environmental Science  

E-print Network

CSUF/NSM Application Environmental Science Research in Thailand #12;ESRT Application (sign in the Environmental Science Research in Thailand program. I understand that my application will not be reviewed until

de Lijser, Peter

208

Aerospace Applications of Microprocessors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An assessment of the state of microprocessor applications is presented. Current and future requirements and associated technological advances which allow effective exploitation in aerospace applications are discussed.

1980-01-01

209

Application Statistics, 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statistics on application and registration patterns of applicants wishing to pursue full-time study in first-year places in the Ontario universities were obtained throughout the admission cycle from the processing of applicants by the Center and from the universities themselves. All application and registration statistics presented refer to…

Payton, L. C.

210

Ruby on Rails Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ruby on Rails is an open source web application framework for the Ruby programming language. The first application I built was a web application to manage and authenticate other applications. One of the main requirements for this application was a single sign-on service. This allowed authentication to be built in one location and be implemented in many different applications. For example, users would be able to login using their existing credentials, and be able to access other NASA applications without authenticating again. The second application I worked on was an internal qualification plan app. Previously, the viewing of employee qualifications was managed through Excel spread sheets. I built a database driven application to streamline the process of managing qualifications. Employees would be able to login securely to view, edit and update their personal qualifications.

Hochstadt, Jake

2011-01-01

211

Steam Trap Application  

E-print Network

The effective application of steam traps encompasses three primary areas which are the selection and sizing, the installation, and the monitoring of the steam trapping system. Proper application of steam traps will improve production rates, product...

Murphy, J. J.

1982-01-01

212

Mobile applications for dermatology.  

PubMed

The number of available mobile applications has increased by 500% over the past 3 years. Searching for useful dermatology applications may be overwhelming. The following summary may help both advanced and budding dermatologists select useful programs. PMID:22929355

Deveau, Michael; Chilukuri, Suneel

2012-09-01

213

Staff Training Application  

E-print Network

Staff Training Application =============================================================================== Persons eligible for Staff Training benefit must: 1. Be filling a permanent position (full or part of Charleston Staff Training Application Please indicate the Semester you are applying for (use separate

Kasman, Alex

214

CYBER 200 Applications Seminar  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Applications suited for the CYBER 200 digital computer are discussed. Various areas of application including meteorology, algorithms, fluid dynamics, monte carlo methods, petroleum, electronic circuit simulation, biochemistry, lattice gauge theory, economics and ray tracing are discussed.

Gary, J. P. (compiler)

1984-01-01

215

ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT Employment Application  

E-print Network

ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT Employment Application APPLICANT INFORMATION Last name First name M of preference: ___Academic Counselor ____Peer Tutor ____SI Leader ____EXCEL Group Leader Honor Societies? EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES Please list your anticipated involvement in campus/work activities (hobbies, clubs

Sadeh, Norman M.

216

Texte publi in LE PAPE (Marc), SIMEANT (Johanna), VIDAL (Claudine), Crises extrmes, Face aux massacres aux guerres civiles et aux gnocides. Paris, La  

E-print Network

internationale » face au conflit armé en Colombie David GARIBAY, Juan-Carlos GUERRERO-BERNAL1 Introduction Malgré sa longévité et son aggravation, le conflit armé colombien souffre dune visibilité précaire sur la depuis le milieu des années 1980. Or, malgré cette évolution, ce conflit nest présenté que très rarement

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

Biomedical Applications of Graphene  

PubMed Central

Graphene exhibits unique 2-D structure and exceptional phyiscal and chemical properties that lead to many potential applications. Among various applications, biomedical applications of graphene have attracted ever-increasing interests over the last three years. In this review, we present an overview of current advances in applications of graphene in biomedicine with focus on drug delivery, cancer therapy and biological imaging, together with a brief discussion on the challenges and perspectives for future research in this field. PMID:22448195

Shen, He; Zhang, Liming; Liu, Min; Zhang, Zhijun

2012-01-01

218

Robotics applications for industry  

SciTech Connect

This book is an indepth introduction to the basic concepts and techniques for the use of robotics technology in manufacturing and industrial applications, with a special section on motor vehicle manufacture. Contents: Robotics Technology-Basic Concepts; Robot Configuration; Sensors; Tooling; Work Station Integration; Application information; Robotics in Motor Vehicle Manufacture; Current Applications; Future Trends; Impacts of Robots.

Toepperwin, L.L.; Tanner, W.R.; Adolfson, W.F.

1983-01-01

219

Applications of virtual audio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology for electronically simulating spatial sound over loudspeakers and headphones has matured in the past few decades to facilitate many new applications of virtual audio. Electronic simulation of directional and distance auditory cues has greatly expanded the areas of application of virtual audio. Some potential aerospace applications include monitoring spatially separated speech communication signals to increase understanding, navigating by an

Mark Ericson; William D'Angelo; Eric Scarborough; Steve Rogers; Philip Amburn; Dennis Ruck

1993-01-01

220

Child Care Center APPLICATION  

E-print Network

Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

Harms, Kyle E.

221

ELMORE TRUST SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION Initial Application Form  

E-print Network

Scholarship Selection Committee with information about the applicant. Specific examples of church involvement: ________________ (Area Code) E-mail address: ____________________________________ Church Affiliation: _________________________________________________________ A condition of this scholarship is active involvement in the life of a Christian Church (Disciples of Christ

Gering, Jon C.

222

ERIP application instructions  

SciTech Connect

This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

Watt, D.M.

1992-01-02

223

SCAMPI Application Platform Teemu Krkkinen  

E-print Network

includes an opportunistic router, HTML5 application development framework, and an opportunistic application market for distributing applications. We demonstrate the platform and multiple HTML5 applications, Design, Experimentation Keywords Delay-tolerant Networking; DTN; Opportunistic Networking; HTML5 1

Ott, Jörg

224

Applications of MST radars: Meteorological applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Applications of mesosphere stratosphere troposphere radar to mesoscale meteorology are discussed. The applications include using the radar either as a research tool to improve our understanding of certain dynamical systems or as part of a network used to provide input data for weather forecasting. The workhorse of the operational observing network is the radiosonde balloon which provides measurements of pressure, temperature, humidity, and winds up to heights of 16 to 20 km. Horizontal and vertical measurement capabilities, reflectivity data, derivable quantities and parameters, and special operational requirements are surveyed.

Larsen, M. F.

1989-01-01

225

LANL application communication patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief presentation describes the communication patterns used by a set of unclassified applications developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory: XNobel\\/XRAGE\\/RAGE\\/SAGE, Krak, Sweep3D, and Partisn. It mentions which processes communicate with which other processes, whether the application is typically run in a strong-scaling mode or a weak-scaling mode, what message sizes are commonly used, and how the application's performance changes

Pakiin

2011-01-01

226

LANL application communication patterns  

SciTech Connect

This brief presentation describes the communication patterns used by a set of unclassified applications developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory: XNobel/XRAGE/RAGE/SAGE, Krak, Sweep3D, and Partisn. It mentions which processes communicate with which other processes, whether the application is typically run in a strong-scaling mode or a weak-scaling mode, what message sizes are commonly used, and how the application's performance changes at scale.

Pakiin, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-10

227

RAPID Application Information  

Cancer.gov

Applications will be reviewed once per year. Applications (3 hardcopies and one electronic copy), including a resume for the principal investigator must be received on or before November 1. Review will be completed by March 1, the following year. NCI staff will discuss the project in person or by telephone conference, with successful applicants, and time lines for completion of tasks will be in place by May 1.

228

Nanomaterials for Defense Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanotechnology has found a number of applications in electronics and healthcare. Within the textile field, applications of nanotechnology have been limited to filters, protective liners for chemical and biological clothing and nanocoatings. This chapter presents an overview of the applications of nanomaterials such as nanofibers and nanoparticles that are of use to military and industrial sectors. An effort has been made to categorize nanofibers based on the method of production. This chapter particularly focuses on a few latest developments that have taken place with regard to the application of nanomaterials such as metal oxides in the defense arena.

Turaga, Uday; Singh, Vinitkumar; Lalagiri, Muralidhar; Kiekens, Paul; Ramkumar, Seshadri S.

229

Applications and Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter discusses a number of real-world applications of dynamic taxonomies. Most current applications are object-seeking or knowledge-seeking exploratory tasks, and address important areas such as e-commerce, multimedia infobases, diagnostic systems, digital libraries and news systems, e-government, file systems, and geographical information systems. Applications in these areas are discussed in detail in the following, and applications in cultural heritage, art and architecture, e-recruitment, e-hrm, e-matchmaking, e-health, and e-learning are briefly reviewed.

Sacco, Giovanni Maria; Ferré, Sébastien

230

Gas Chromatography Application Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes application notes on gas chromatography from 2000-2005 which have been presented at conferences. The applications could serve as a source of experiments for advanced teaching labs and may also assist those interested in solving analytical problems that involve separations.

2011-05-20

231

Flat conductor cable applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some of the numerous applications of flat conductor cable (FCC) systems are briefly described. Both government and commercial uses were considered, with applications designated as either aerospace, military, or commercial. The number and variety of ways in which FCC is being applied and considered for future designs are illustrated.

Angele, W.

1972-01-01

232

Aerospace applications of batteries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has developed battery technology to meet the demanding requirements for aerospace applications; specifically, the space vacuum, launch loads, and high duty cycles. Because of unique requirements and operating environments associated with space applications, NASA has written its own standards and specifications for batteries.

Habib, Shahid

1993-01-01

233

Information on application  

E-print Network

Information on application and admission in Master's study programs and Ph.D. studies How and change of course of study/ change of university Issuing application materials and informative D 10623 Berlin Tel.: 030 314 29999 Fax: 030 314 28442 Latest information at: www

Berlin,Technische Universität

234

Adaptive Web Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mechanisms for personalisation used in web applications are currently the subject of much debate amongst researchers from many diverse subject areas. One of the most contemporary ideas for user modelling in web applications is that of cognitive styles, where a user's psychological preferences are assessed stored in a database and then used to provide personalised content and\\/or links. We

Elizabeth Brown; Tim Brailsford; Tony Fisher; Adam Moore; Helen Ashman

235

Network aware distributed applications  

SciTech Connect

Most distributed applications today manage to utilize only a small percentage of the needed and available network bandwidth. Often application developers are not aware of the potential bandwidth of the network, and therefore do not know what to expect. Even when application developers are aware of the specifications of the machines and network links, they have few resources that can help determine why the expected performance was not achieved. What is needed is a ubiquitous and easy-to-use service that provides reliable, accurate, secure, and timely estimates of dynamic network properties. This service will help advise applications on how to make use of the network's increasing bandwidth and capabilities for traffic shaping and engineering. When fully implemented, this service will make building currently unrealizable levels of network awareness into distributed applications a relatively mundane task. For example, a remote data visualization application could choose between sending a wireframe, a pre-rendered image, or a 3-D representation, based on forecasts of CPU availability and power, compression options, and available bandwidth. The same service will provide on-demand performance information so that applications can compare predicted with actual results, and allow detailed queries about the end-to-end path for application and network tuning and debugging.

Agarwal, Deborah; Tierney, Brian L.; Gunter, Dan; Lee, Jason; Johnston, William

2001-02-04

236

Applications of intelligent computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper consists of a survey of various engineering, computational biology, medicine, etc applications based on the intelligent computation, and also a summary of the recent techniques such as still swarm intelligence, artificial immune systems, business intelligence, etc. Intelligent computation can be powerful tools in a wide variety of practical applications.

Jing Zhang

2010-01-01

237

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION  

E-print Network

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TRANSFER STUDENTS 2010 Applications accepted from March 1 through July 1 or Role # ~gorigins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian of race; color; gender; age; religion; disability; national origin or ancestry; sexual orientation

Huang, Jianyu

238

Automatic multiple applicator electrophoresis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Easy-to-use, economical device permits electrophoresis on all known supporting media. System includes automatic multiple-sample applicator, sample holder, and electrophoresis apparatus. System has potential applicability to fields of taxonomy, immunology, and genetics. Apparatus is also used for electrofocusing.

Grunbaum, B. W.

1977-01-01

239

Date:____________ Graduation Application  

E-print Network

: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Card Issuer: Visa MasterCard Credit/Debit Card Number (16-DigitsDate:____________ Graduation Application Credit/Debit Card Authorization Form Student Information when paying for the Graduation Application processing fee by credit or debit card � Do not use

Wiegner, Tracy N.

240

Applications of Solubility Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes several applications of the use of solubility data. It is not meant to be exhaustive but rather to show that knowledge of solubility data is required in a variety of technical applications that assist in the design of chemical processes. (Contains 3 figures and 1 table.)

Tomkins, Reginald P. T.

2008-01-01

241

Application SJSU Child Development  

E-print Network

Application SJSU Child Development Laboratory Preschool Child's name Birth date Home address Street Campbell at (408) 924-3725. Send application to: Toni Campbell Child Development San José State University. Circle the program you prefer for your child. Toddlers (two yrs.) Mon/Wed 9:00 - 11:00 Toddlers (two yrs

Su, Xiao

242

Rituels aux divinites locales de Kheng 'Bu li (Bhoutan central)  

E-print Network

'aienseigné !"17C'e n'est que presque vingt ans plus tard, en 1497, que Padma gling paretourne à 'Bu li et il raconte sa visite en deux phrases: "Je me suis rendu à 'Buli-rTali. J'ai établi des rapports de dbang avec les gens, j'ai aussi fait un dbangprivé et j... 15e jour du 5e mois et s'appelle *Shupangla (shugs panglha ?). Son nom dériverait d'un bosquet d'arbres qui sont de la famille desgenévriers. Le bosquet qui est appelé *shobrang25 est au centre du plateau de'Bu li non loin du village, et l'on n...

Pommaret, Françoise

2004-01-01

243

Espace et stratgies industrielles aux XVIIIe exploiter le laboratoire mditerranen  

E-print Network

renouveau de la théorie des jeux est symbolisé par l'attribution du prix Nobel à John Nash, John Harsanyi et John Von Neumann et Oskar Morgenstern avant de se clore par l'article de Maurice Allais en 19532 . Les Cahiers Français, n° 280, mars-avril 1997, p. 49-58. 2 John VON NEUMAN et Oskar MORGENSTERN, Theory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

244

Pathologie vgtale Sensibilit aux Pythium et mauvaise germination  

E-print Network

between bean cultivars. Black beans, and also some red, buff-colored and mottled beans were more resistant cultivars. A study of the progeny of a cross between PI226895 (the most resistant black bean) and Elsa (a — Pythium susceptibility and germination failure in common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) sown in cold

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

La violence indienne aux prises avec l'imaginaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking as examples the recurrent drama experienced within the framework of popular Hindu and Moslem milieus, this article attempts to portray the fundamental dimensions of mass violence. Instrumentalist and structuralist theories are not denied. However, the analysed situations reveal that, within entire gaps of violence, imaginary representations and hybrid « civilisation constructions » hold a considerable place. The data related

Djallal G. Heuzé

2003-01-01

246

Projet ARESOS Reconstruction, Analyse et Accs aux Donnes dans  

E-print Network

, morphogenesis, content diffusion Co-evolution structure and semantic #12;Controversy ­ Natural Language Characterization of roles Influencers, initiators, gurus, ect #12;Natural Language Processing Named Entity

Canet, Léonie

247

Bienvenue aux gays du monde entier . Tourisme gay et mondialisation  

E-print Network

tourisme gay concourt à la diffusion dans le monde d'un modèle gay occidental (global gay). Toutefois. However, it doesn't be mixed up with all the touristic practices of gay men. In the context for tourists sending and receiving, several new destinations rise in Southern countries. But some tourist

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

248

Adaptation de l'ingestion alimentaire aux dpenses nergtiques  

E-print Network

may be ; the basal metabolic rate is modulated by thyroid hormones and diet-induced thermogenesis expenditure caused by increased thermogenesis is rapidly compensated by increased caloric intake. Physical expenditures such as exercise, increased basal metabolic rate and diet-induced thermogenesis. Extreme changes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

De la mécanique statistique hors équilibre aux équations de transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

These lecture notes give a synthetic view on the foundations of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics. The purpose is to establish the transport equations satisfied by the relevant variables, starting from the microscopic dynamics. The Liouville representation is introduced, and a projection associates with any density operator, for a given choice of relevant observables, a reduced density operator. An exact integro-differential equation

Roger Balian

1996-01-01

250

SCH EMAS AUX DIFF ERENCES SUR LA "CUBED-SPHERE"  

E-print Network

´ematiques Institut E. Cartan de Lorraine Universit´e de Lorraine - Metz, France Universit´e de Nice 28 f´evrier 2013 Jean-Pierre CROISILLE - Universit´e de Lorraine - Metz, France Univ. Nice - 28 f´evrier 2013 #12 - Universit´e de Lorraine - Metz, France Univ. Nice - 28 f´evrier 2013 #12;The Cubed-Sphere grid The cubed

Croisille, Jean-Pierre

251

Le secteur pharmaceutique, un secteur aux multiples enjeux  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] El sector farmaceùtico, un sector de mûltiples intereses. En la encrucijada de la politica de sanidad , de la politica industrial y del control de los gastos publicos, el medicamento es un bien de multiples intereses. Para entrar en el mercado, debe pasar con éxito por las cuatro etapas de un proceso muy reglamentado, que garantiza su innocuidad. Si

Patrick Pauriche; Frédéric Rupprecht

1998-01-01

252

Monsieur Denis Lacorne Turbulences prsidentielles aux tats-Unis  

E-print Network

and the fox New York Harcourt Brace 1956 et William Leuchtenburg Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal New York� Kaspi Franklin Roosevelt Paris Fayard 1988 Philip Abbott The exemplary presidency Franklin Roosevelt succession Tout pr�sident �lu �tant donn� la certitude de son �chec final contribue am�liorer image de son pr�d

Boyer, Edmond

253

Sincres remerciements nos donateurs et flicitations aux rcipiendaires !  

E-print Network

sciences animales 10 000 $ Eduardo Gonzales, post-doctorat en phytologie Fondation des maladies du coeur du $ �ric Baumann, MM sciences animales 17 500 $ Frédéric Verville, MM biologie végétale 17 500 $ Marie $ Rémi Labrecque, D sciences animales Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et techno- logies (FRQNT) 15

254

Sincres remerciements nos donateurs et flicitations aux rcipiendaires !  

E-print Network

$ Nicolas Guillemin, post-doctorat en sciences animales 10 000 $ Hesham Farouk Oraby, post-doctorat en $ Ernesto Orozco-Lucero, D en sciences animales 20 000 $ Stéphanie Bourget, DESS en nutrition 20 000 animales Chaire d'analyse en politique agricole et de mise en marché collective 8 000 $ Frédérique Vézina

Laval, Université

255

Le grand commerce spécialisé s'affirme face aux hypermarchés  

Microsoft Academic Search

[eng] The non-food market made the most of the steady increase in household demand from 1997 to 1999. Large stores have proved better placed than small shops to satisfy this rise in demand. Most of this growth has been taken up by the large, specialist non-food stores and, to a lesser extent, the large, predominantly food stores such as the

Sébastien Seguin

2001-01-01

256

Quelle valeur attribuer aux observations visuelles des occultations lunaires?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the reduction of occultation observations, the International Lunar Occultation Centre (ILOC) assigns different weights for photoelectric and visual observations, 1 and 0.25 respectively. When analysing world-wide observations before 1971, Leif V. Morrison discussed the value of visual observations versus photoelectric ones for the analysis of the Moon's theory and came to the conclusion photoelectric observations have a weight only slightly higher than visual ones. He expected the weight difference would increase in the future. The present analysis, based on comparison between reduction of videographic and visual observations between 1977 and 1988 tend to show that the situation has not improved since the seventies.

Bourgeois, J.

1990-08-01

257

Contribution n 3 CONFRONTATION AUX OBJETS ET PROCESSUS DE  

E-print Network

Nord Pas de Calais ac.mathe@club-internet.fr Introduction Le domaine de la géométrie à l'école primaire'IUFM Nord- Pas-de Calais1 , je souhaite d'abord interroger les conditions permettant d de l'IUFM Nord ­ Pas de Calais, groupe auquel je suis associée depuis septembre 2007, autour de l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

Coordination et chômage involontaire : de Keynes aux nouveaux keynésiens  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article makes an evaluation of what remains of Keynes in New Keynesian economics (NKE). In section 2, we show to what extent Keynes’s principle of effective demand is based on an inter-individual coordination problem. Then, section 3 examines if NKE – in particular imperfect competition and coordination failures models – provides a modern interpretation of Keynes’s coordination problem. The

Abdallah Zouache

2003-01-01

259

De la mécanique statistique hors équilibre aux équations de transport  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

These lecture notes give a synthetic view on the foundations of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics. The purpose is to establish the transport equations satisfied by the relevant variables, starting from the microscopic dynamics. The Liouville representation is introduced, and a projection associates with any density operator, for a given choice of relevant observables, a reduced density operator. An exact integro-differential equation for the relevant variables is thereby derived. A short-memory approximation then yields the transport equations. A relevant entropy which characterizes the coarseness of the description is associated with each level of description. As an illustration, the classical gas, with its three levels of description and with the Chapman-Enskog method, is discussed. Ces notes de cours présentent une vue synthétique sur les fondements de la mécanique statistique hors équilibre. Le but est d'établir les équations de transport satisfaites par les variables pertinentes en partant de la dynamique microscopique. On introduit pour cela la représentation de Liouville, et la projection qui associe à tout opérateur densité, pour un choix donné d'observables pertinentes, un opérateur densité réduit. On en déduit une équation intégro-différentielle exacte pour les variables pertinentes. Une approximation de mémoire courte fournit alors les équations de transport. À chaque niveau de description est associée une entropie pertinente caractérisant la finesse de la description. L'exemple du gaz classique, avec ses trois niveaux de description et avec la méthode de Chapman-Enskog, illustre l'exposé.

Balian, Roger

260

Avis aux mdias : Colloque Regards autochtones sur les Amriques  

E-print Network

intervenants mohawks tels l'anthropologue de renom Audra Simpson (Columbia University), le chercheur en cin�t Legion Hall et KORLCC River Road, Kahnawake et Cin�math�que qu�b�coise 335, boulevard de Maisonneuve Est

Parrott, Lael

261

Stirling engine application study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A range of potential applications for Stirling engines in the power range from 0.5 to 5000 hp is surveyed. Over one hundred such engine applications are grouped into a small number of classes (10), with the application in each class having a high degree of commonality in technical performance and cost requirements. A review of conventional engines (usually spark ignition or Diesel) was then undertaken to determine the degree to which commercial engine practice now serves the needs of the application classes and to detemine the nature of the competition faced by a new engine system. In each application class the Stirling engine was compared to the conventional engines, assuming that objectives of ongoing Stirling engine development programs are met. This ranking process indicated that Stirling engines showed potential for use in all application classes except very light duty applications (lawn mowers, etc.). However, this potential is contingent on demonstrating much greater operating life and reliability than has been demonstrated to date by developmental Stirling engine systems. This implies that future program initiatives in developing Stirling engine systems should give more emphasis to life and reliability issues than has been the case in ongoing programs.

Teagan, W. P.; Cunningham, D.

1983-01-01

262

OCT for industrial applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical coherence tomography (OCT), as an interferometric method, has been studied as a distance ranger. As a technology capable of producing high-resolution, depth-resolved images of biological tissue, OCT had been widely used for the application of ophthalmology and has been commercialized in the market today. Enlightened by the emerging research interest in biomedical domain, the applications of OCT in industrial inspection were rejuvenated by a few groups to explore its potential for characterizing new materials, imaging or inspecting industrial parts as a service solution[3]. Benefiting from novel photonics components and devices, the industrial application of the older concepts in OCT can be re-visited with respect to the unique performance and availability. Commercial OCT developers such as Michelson Diagnostics (MDL; Orpington, U.K.) and Thorlabs (Newton, NJ) are actively exploring the application of OCT to industrial applications and they have outlined meaningful path toward the metrology application in emerging industry[3]. In this chapter, we will introduce the fundamental concepts of OCT and discuss its current and potential industrial applications.

Song, Guiju; Harding, Kevin

2012-11-01

263

Le thtre d'intervention en zone urbaine centrafricaine : Rapports aux ralits quotidiennes et aux valeurs culturelles locales  

E-print Network

poems, dances, etc.) and methods known in modern theatre through a mixing of western practical, � travers un m�tissage interculturel, des principes et des techniques connues du th��tre occidental : le Th culture africaine. Enfin, le fait de convoquer les techniques occidentales � travers le m�tissage nous

264

LES ACCES PAR LA TELEPHONIE AUX URGENCES : Voies et difficults d'accs aux aides et soins en sant mentale  

E-print Network

, Urgences Psychiatriques, des médecins généralistes ou des centres pour adolescents. - Les numéros d les tentatives de suicide (T.S.) et des crises de démence ou de violence qui peuvent aller jusqu'à des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

265

Franois Picard 1 Du temple aux maisons de th DU TEMPLE AUX MAISONS DE THE, ET RETOUR  

E-print Network

syllabaire sanskrit dans la musique bouddhique chinoise, thèse sous la direction de Iannis Xenakis présentée Une incantation dépourvue de sens Le syllabaire sanskrit comporte, tel que fixé par P ini il y a 2400 sert pour l'apprentissage du sanskrit, on fait précéder son intonation par un voeu de succès, en

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

266

Mobile Augmented Reality Applications  

E-print Network

Augmented reality have undergone considerable improvement in past years. Many special techniques and hardware devices were developed, but the crucial breakthrough came with the spread of intelligent mobile phones. This enabled mass spread of augmented reality applications. However mobile devices have limited hardware capabilities, which narrows down the methods usable for scene analysis. In this article we propose an augmented reality application which is using cloud computing to enable using of more complex computational methods such as neural networks. Our goal is to create an affordable augmented reality application suitable which will help car designers in by 'virtualizing' car modifications.

Prochazka, David; Popelka, Ondrej; Stastny, Jiri

2011-01-01

267

Polythiophenes in biological applications.  

PubMed

Polythiophene and its derivatives have shown tremendous potential for interfacing electrically conducting polymers with biological applications. These semiconducting organic polymers are relatively soft, conduct electrons and ions, have low cytotoxicity, and can undergo facile chemical modifications. In addition, the reduction in electrical impedance of electrodes coated with polythiophenes may prove to be invaluable for a stable and permanent connection between devices and biological tissues. This review article focuses on the synthesis and some key applications of polythiophenes in multidisciplinary areas at the interface with biology. These polymers have shown tremendous potential in biological applications such as diagnostics, therapy, drug delivery, imaging, implant devices and artificial organs. PMID:24730262

Sista, Prakash; Ghosh, Koushik; Martinez, Jennifer S; Rocha, Reginaldo C

2014-01-01

268

Pedagogical Applications of Telematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the primary educational applications of telematics, defined as a fusion of information and communications technologies. Electronic mail, teleconferencing, electronic bulletin boards, and databanks are described and their uses by teachers and students are noted. (KRN)

Verloove, George

1993-01-01

269

Transfer Student COMMON APPLICATION  

E-print Network

# (if applicable) _______-______-________ Date of Birth (mm/dd/yy) ________/______/_________ Gender male Psychology Spanish and Hispanic Studies Statistics Theatre Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies College Management Marketing Supply Chain Management P.C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science Applied

Napier, Terrence

270

Novel Applications of Computers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents some novel applications of the computer to physics research. They include (1) a computer program for calculating Compton scattering, (2) speech simulation, (3) data analysis in spectrometry, and (4) measurement of complex alpha-particle spectrum. Bibliography. (LC)

Levi, Barbara G.

1970-01-01

271

Application Interoperability with SAMP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Simple Applications Messaging Protocol (SAMP) is a Virtual Observatory (VO) specification that enables astronomy software tools to exchange control information and data, allowing desktop applications to work as an integrated suite of tools rather than requiring complex functionality to be (redundantly) built into tools individually. In addition, SAMP allows new workflows to be created for the science user that leverages the advantages of each tool (e.g. visualization of tables or images, analysis, etc.), greatly reducing the time needed to switch between applications and tasks. We present here a short introduction to the protocol itself, a survey of some toolkits for application authors who wish to introduce SAMP functionality into their tools, and some examples of real-world usage.

Fitzpatrick, M.; Laurino, O.; Paioro, L.; Taylor, M. B.

2013-10-01

272

Neutron sources and applications  

SciTech Connect

Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1994-01-01

273

APPLICATION CONSTRUCTION LEADERSHIP COURSE  

E-print Network

in the construction industry 5) If your GPA . Include experience in construction industry. Recommendation from an Instructor Provide instructorAPPLICATION CONSTRUCTION LEADERSHIP COURSE RECOMMENDATION FORM CON464 Construction Leadership

Stephens, Graeme L.

274

web identity application sectioneleven  

E-print Network

web identity application sectioneleven 99 contents elements of webpage design......................................................................... 100-101 web development and design considerations web banners is required for all official UCSF webpages. This banner includes a required link

Derisi, Joseph

275

BIOSENSORS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

A review, with 19 references, is given on challenges and possible opportunities for the development of biosensors for environmental monitoring applications. The high cost and slow turnaround times typically associated with the measurement of regulated pollutants clearly indicates...

276

Polarimetry and Interferometry Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Based on the foregoing lectures respective applications of both Polarimetry and Interlerornetry will be presented. From the large palette of possibilities which includes global mapping with space borne SAR and the establishment of digital terrain models w...

W. Keydel

2007-01-01

277

Photovoltaic systems and applications  

SciTech Connect

Abstracts are given of presentations given at a project review meeting held at Albuquerque, NM. The proceedings cover the past accomplishments and current activities of the Photovoltaic Systems Research, Balance-of-System Technology Development and System Application Experiments Projects at Sandia National Laboratories. The status of intermediate system application experiments and residential system analysis is emphasized. Some discussion of the future of the Photovoltaic Program in general, and the Sandia projects in particular is also presented.

Not Available

1982-01-01

278

LCS Content Document Application  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

My project at KSC during my spring 2011 internship was to develop a Ruby on Rails application to manage Content Documents..A Content Document is a collection of documents and information that describes what software is installed on a Launch Control System Computer. It's important for us to make sure the tools we use everyday are secure, up-to-date, and properly licensed. Previously, keeping track of the information was done by Excel and Word files between different personnel. The goal of the new application is to be able to manage and access the Content Documents through a single database backed web application. Our LCS team will benefit greatly with this app. Admin's will be able to login securely to keep track and update the software installed on each computer in a timely manner. We also included exportability such as attaching additional documents that can be downloaded from the web application. The finished application will ease the process of managing Content Documents while streamlining the procedure. Ruby on Rails is a very powerful programming language and I am grateful to have the opportunity to build this application.

Hochstadt, Jake

2011-01-01

279

Applications of cavity optomechanics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Cavity-optomechanics" aims to study the quantum properties of mechanical systems. A common strategy implemented in order to achieve this goal couples a high finesse photonic cavity to a high quality factor mechanical resonator. Then, using feedback forces such as radiation pressure, one can cool the mechanical mode of interest into the quantum ground state and create non-classical states of mechanical motion. On the path towards achieving these goals, many near-term applications of this field have emerged. After briefly introducing optomechanical systems and describing the current state-of-the-art experimental results, this article summarizes some of the more exciting practical applications such as ultra-sensitive, high bandwidth accelerometers and force sensors, low phase noise x-band integrated microwave oscillators and optical signal processing such as optical delay-lines, wavelength converters, and tunable optical filters. In this rapidly evolving field, new applications are emerging at a fast pace, but this article concentrates on the aforementioned lab-based applications as these are the most promising avenues for near-term real-world applications. New basic science applications are also becoming apparent such as the generation of squeezed light, testing gravitational theories and for providing a link between disparate quantum systems.

Metcalfe, Michael

2014-09-01

280

Computer Applications in Educational Audiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of how computer technologies can be used by educational audiologists. Computer technologies are classified into three categories: (1) information systems applications; (2) screening and diagnostic applications; and (3) intervention applications. (Author/DB)

Mendel, Lisa Lucks; And Others

1995-01-01

281

Technology Applications Team: Applications of aerospace technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Highlights of the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) Applications Team activities over the past quarter are presented in Section 1.0. The Team's progress in fulfilling the requirements of the contract is summarized in Section 2.0. In addition to our market-driven approach to applications project development, RTI has placed increased effort on activities to commercialize technologies developed at NASA Centers. These Technology Commercialization efforts are summarized in Section 3.0. New problem statements prepared by the Team in the reporting period are presented in Section 4.0. The Team's transfer activities for ongoing projects with the NASA Centers are presented in Section 5.0. Section 6.0 summarizes the status of four add-on tasks. Travel for the reporting period is described in Section 7.0. The RTI Team staff and consultants and their project responsibilities are listed in Appendix A. The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of many individuals to the RTI Technology Applications Team program. The time and effort contributed by managers, engineers, and scientists throughout NASA were essential to program success. Most important to the program has been a productive working relationship with the NASA Field Center Technology Utilization (TU) Offices. The RTI Team continues to strive for improved effectiveness as a resource to these offices. Industry managers, technical staff, medical researchers, and clinicians have been cooperative and open in their participation. The RTI Team looks forward to continuing expansion of its interaction with U.S. industry to facilitate the transfer of aerospace technology to the private sector.

1993-01-01

282

Largeeddy simulations: theory and applications  

E-print Network

systems (engines, turbines, compressors) and geophysical applications (weather prediction, pollutant in technological applications involving transportation systems (cars, aircraft and ships), energy conversion

Chasnov, Jeffrey R.

283

English Language Summer Program Application Form  

E-print Network

English Language Summer Program Application Form General Information: ________________________ (required if applicant's age is under 19 years) Applicant's Signature: ______________________________ Date

Hitchcock, Adam P.

284

Job Application Portal Manual for the Job Application Portal  

E-print Network

Job Application Portal Manual for the Job Application Portal in the University of Gothenburg e-recruitment system #12;The University of Gothenburg 2/10 Contents The University of Gothenburg's Job Application.............................................................................................................................................. 10 #12;The University of Gothenburg 3/10 The University of Gothenburg's Job Application Portal

Johannesson, Henrik

285

Conception et caracterisation d'un magnetoplasma produit par une onde de surface pour la pulverisation d'echantillons solides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Suite a l'extraordinaire explosion de l'informatique de la derniere decennie, la science et la technologie des materiaux ont pris un essor extraordinaire. Par exemple, il est devenu crucial de concevoir des materiaux a haut degre de purete. Ce besoin a fortement motive le developpement de methodes d'analyse de solides. Traditionnellement, la methode adoptee est l'analyse par torche ICP, mais pour de nombreuses raisons, dont la lenteur de cette methode, la communaute scientifique oeuvrant en chimie analytique recherche des techniques d'analyse de solides directes, rapides et plus sensibles. Parmi les voies possibles, on trouve les methodes basees sur la pulverisation par plasma. Dans ce contexte, nous avons etudie la possibilite et la pertinence d'utiliser un magnetoplasma entretenu par une onde de surface pour pulveriser des solides dans le but de les analyser. Nos travaux portent principalement sur l'etude du comportement du plasma lors de la pulverisation. Nous avons montre que la pulverisation affecte la decharge de diverses facons. En premier lieu, la concentration d'especes provenant du materiau pulverise dans le plasma augmente avec la tension de polarisation. De plus, la concentration d'especes pulverisees diminue lorsque la pression croit, possiblement a cause du redepot. Nous avons aussi montre qu'il etait possible de pulveriser des solides isolants en exploitant le phenomene d'autopolarisation du a l'application d'une tension RF. Nous avons aussi etudie l'effet de la pulverisation sur la temperature et la densite electronique. Ainsi, lors de la pulverisation de metaux tels que le cuivre, la temperature electronique diminue lorsque la tension de polarisation augmente. Ceci est attribuable a l'augmentation de la densite d'especes metalliques neutres facilement ionisables par impact electronique. Nous avons aussi note que la densite electronique augmente avec la concentration d'especes metalliques dans le plasma, ce qui resulte d'un meilleur bilan de puissance. Une etude des caracteristiques du plasma seul a revele que le champ magnetique confine si bien le plasma que le maximum de densite electronique se trouve hors axe, plus exactement a la position radiale correspondant au rayon du cylindre dielectrique servant a former l'interface dielectrique-plasma dans la zone source du reacteur. Ce phenomene indique une tres nette superiorite du coefficient de diffusion axial par rapport au coefficient de diffusion radial. Notre reacteur a un potentiel interessant pour l'analyse elementaire de materiaux solides puisque le taux de pulverisation y est eleve et que les especes pulverisees sont aisement excitees et ionisees par le plasma.

Masse, Louis Philippe

286

Applications of radioluminescent lighting  

SciTech Connect

Glass-tube radioluminescent (RL) systems have been demonstrated as attractive alternatives to electrically powered airfield marking and lighting systems for remote airfields, rapid runway repair, and other airfield lighting and marking uses. Individual light units for RL systems are self-powered, reliable, easily maintained and deployed, and can be made to produce infrared or visible light. Tests and demonstrations of prototype light units conducted by the US Dept. of Energy's RL Lights Program in recent years for the Air Force, Navy, Army, and Marine Corps and for Florida and Alaska have proved the basic technological worth of RL airfield lighting systems for civilian and military use. The technology has advanced to a point where other military and civilian applications can now be considered. Military applications include emergency degree, damage control, cargo marking, low-level lighting for work areas and other unique uses. Civilian applications include marine navigational aids, roadway marking, emergency escape lighting, lighting for telephone conduit tunnels, and other applications where access to electrical power is limited or difficult to supply or maintain. Isotope options for these applications are shown. Research is expected to produced advanced RL light systems within the next several years.

Jensen, G.A.; Mathur, S.P.

1987-01-01

287

Batteries for terrestrial applications  

SciTech Connect

Extensive research has been conducted in the design and manufacture of very long life vented and sealed maintenance free nickel-cadmium aircraft batteries. These batteries have also been used in a number of terrestrial applications with good success. This study presents an overview of the Ni-Cd chemistry and technology as well as detailed analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the Ni-Cd couple for terrestrial applications. The performance characteristics of both sealed and vented Ni-Cd's are presented. Various charge algorithms are examined and evaluated for effectiveness and ease of implementation. Hardware requirements for charging are also presented and evaluated. The discharge characteristics of vented and sealed Ni-Cd's are presented and compared to other battery chemistries. The performance of Ni-Cd's under extreme environmental conditions is also compared to other battery chemistries. The history of various terrestrial applications is reviewed and some of the lessons learned are presented. Applications discussed include the NASA Middeck Payload Battery, Raytheon Aegis Missile System Battery, THAAD Launcher battery, and the Titan IV battery. The suitability of the Ni-Cd chemistry for other terrestrial applications such as electric vehicles and Uninterruptible Power Supply is discussed.

Kulin, T.M.

1998-07-01

288

R.F.C. 416 Dcembre 2008 N'ayant pas de dfinitions gnrales de PME, ont t retenues  

E-print Network

remplis (taux de réponse de 11,4 % par rap- port aux entreprises contactées et 32,2 % par rapport aux ques-sondage IFRS pour les PME(1) avec l'objectif de proposer des normes internationales applicables par les PME

Boyer, Edmond

289

De la caracterisation des materiaux et simulation du procede a l'optimisation de la fabrication des composites par injection sur renfort  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Liquid Composite Molding techniques (LCM) have become widely used composite manufacturing methods for medium to small production volumes. The objectives of this thesis consist of developing characteristic equations that describe the thermo-mechanical behaviour and phase changes of thermosetting matrix composites, create and implement new numerical models for process simulation and finally, propose a new and comprehensive optimization methodology based

Eduardo Ruiz

2004-01-01

290

MATERIAUX 2006 13-17 Novembre 2006 Dijon, France volution de la porosit interfaciale et caillage induit par oxydation dans un  

E-print Network

écaillage induit par oxydation dans un système barrière thermique. C. Courcier 1,2 , V. Maurel 1 , L. Rémy 1 pertinente pour la mise au point de ce modèle a été constituée en réalisant des essais d'oxydation de coalescence de cavités entre la sous-couche et l'oxyde. Un modèle traduisant l'évolution de ces cavités a été

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

291

Optimisation structurale de dalles de chaussees en beton jointees avec des goujons en materiaux composites en Polymeres Renforces de Fibres de Verre (PRFV)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Quebec, the majority of the road network was built in the 60's - 70's and show obvious signs of ageing. Moreover, the increase of road traffic and the rigorous weather conditions, render the maintenance and the exploitation of roads in this Northern American part quite difficult. Indeed, these environmental conditions cause severe damages for roads, especially in winter. The degradation factor of the jointed rigid pavement is intensified by the highway salt. So, the phenomena of deteriorations appears mainly by the corrosion of the steel at the joints (structural elements) guaranteeing the durability of roads. The jointed rigid pavements or "short jointed pavements" are still mainly sized with steel dowels placed at the lining of joints. One of the main functions of these structures is to control the formation of cracking due to the thermal and environmental conditions. In order to reduce these , disorders, the Ministry of Transport of Quebec (MTQ) turned towards new techniques and innovative materials to ensure the longevity of roads. With the rapid evolution of specific methods and knowledge in roads design, joined with technologies and new products, the MTQ emphasizes the research and development. That way, advanced techniques and diverse technologies in the Quebecois context are settled. As a matter of fact, one of the axes of these development researches concerns the composite materials which have recently been given good results in the civil engineering area. That is why Glass Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) dowels bars appear as a solution to the steel corrosion. In fact, they provide better durability with lower costs: the increase of service life as well as the decrease of maintenance persons and traffics impac. Thus, this project proposes an optimization of structural design of GFRP dowels for transverse jointed highway pavement slabs, also keeping in mind their use in new projects. The GFRP dowels which are given in this essay are made by the Pultrall Inc. Company from Thetford Mines (Quebec, Canada). The resin used for the polymer materials is only vinylester resin and the dowels have diameters going from 28.6 mm to 34.9 mm. Finally, only a stiff base is used for the road, its particularity is the modulus of subgrade reaction. Keywords: concrete pavement, dowelled slab, jointed concrete pavement, GFRP dowels, optimization, structural, design .

Bricola, Julien

292

Cryogel applications in microbiology.  

PubMed

There is a great demand for improved technologies with regard to rapid processing of nano- and microparticles. The handling of viruses in addition to microbial and mammalian cells requires the availability of appropriate adsorbents. Recent developments in macroporous gels produced at subzero temperatures (known as cryogels) have demonstrated an efficiency for processing cell and virus suspensions, cell separation and cell culture applications. Their unique combination of properties such as macroporosity, tissue-like elasticity and biocompatibility, physical and chemical stability and ease of preparation, renders these materials interesting candidates for a broad range of potential applications within microbiological research. This review describes current applications of macroporous cryogels in microbiology with a brief discussion of future perspectives. PMID:18835715

Plieva, Fatima M; Galaev, Igor Yu; Noppe, Wim; Mattiasson, Bo

2008-11-01

293

Data management applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Kennedy Space Center's primary institutional computer is a 4 megabyte IBM 4341 with 3.175 billion characters of IBM 3350 disc storage. This system utilizes the Software AG product known as ADABAS with the on line user oriented features of NATURAL and COMPLETE as a Data Base Management System (DBMS). It is operational under the OS/VSI and is currently supporting batch/on line applications such as Personnel, Training, Physical Space Management, Procurement, Office Equipment Maintenance, and Equipment Visibility. A third and by far the largest DBMS application is known as the Shuttle Inventory Management System (SIMS) which is operational on a Honeywell 6660 (dedicated) computer system utilizing Honeywell Integrated Data Storage I (IDSI) as the DBMS. The SIMS application is designed to provide central supply system acquisition, inventory control, receipt, storage, and issue of spares, supplies, and materials.

1983-01-01

294

Network and Application Security in Mobile e-Health Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Different IT applications require different network and application security services. We have been working in the area of\\u000a e-health applications in mobile environments, and we have needed to integrate security services therein. This paper presents\\u000a a specification of such network and application security services for mobile e-health applications and how we have implemented\\u000a them. First, various security threats specific of e-health

Ramon Martí; Jaime Delgado; Xavier Perramon

2004-01-01

295

Location Based Application Availability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart cards are being integrated into a diverse range of industries: ranging from banking, telecom, transport, home/office access control to health and E-passport. Traditionally, cardholders are required to carry a smart card for each application. However, recent developments in the Near Field Communication (NFC) have renewed the interest in multiple applications for different services on a single device. This paper builds onto the NFC initiative and avoids the smart card ownership issues that hinder the adoption of such devices. The proposal integrates the Global Positioning System with the NFC in mobile phones to provide a ubiquitously and flexible service access model.

Naeem Akram, Raja; Markantonakis, Konstantinos; Mayes, Keith

296

Satellites for maritime applications.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is shown that communication satellites can provide significant economic benefits to shipping company operations and alleviate the problems of distress alerting, search and rescue, and losses due to collisions, groundings, and heavy weather damage. Emphasis is placed upon both the application of space technology to minimize present service deficiencies and the costs and benefits of this new application. It is concluded that while maritime service satellites appear to be viable technically and economically, there is a substantial amount of analysis, definition, and development work yet to be accomplished.

Baker, J. L.

1973-01-01

297

Diagonalisation schemes and applications  

E-print Network

These notes develop aspects of perturbation theory of matrices related to so-called diagonalisation schemes. Primary focus is on constructive tools to derive asymptotic expansions for small/large parameters of eigenvalues and eigenprojections of families of matrices depending upon real/complex parameters. Applications of the schemes in different frameworks --including hyperbolic polynomials, asymptotic integration of ordinary differential equations, diagonalisation within symbolic hierarchies and pseudo-differential decoupling of hyperbolic-parabolic coupled systems-- are also discussed and references to further applications given.

Kay Jachmann; Jens Wirth

2008-07-07

298

Medical applications of microwaves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medical applications of microwaves (i.e. a possibility to use microwave energy and/or microwave technique and technology for therapeutical purposes) are a quite new and a very rapidly developing field. Microwave thermotherapy is being used in medicine for the cancer treatment and treatment of some other diseases since early eighties. In this contribution we would like to offer general overview of present activities in the Czech Republic, i.e. clinical applications and results, technical aspects of thermo therapeutic equipment and last but not least, prospective diagnostics based on microwave principals ant technology and instrumentation.

Vrba, Jan; Lapes, M.

2004-04-01

299

Microgravity Science and Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The report presents fifteen papers from a workshop on microgravity science and applications held at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, on December 3 to 4, 1984. The workshop and panel were formed by the Solid State Sciences Committee of the Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Research Council in response to a request from the Office of Science and Technology Policy. The goal was to review the microgravity science and applications (MSA) program of NASA and to evaluate the quality of the program. The topics for the papers are metals and alloys, electronic materials, ceramics and glasses, biotechnology, combustion science, and fluid dynamics.

1986-01-01

300

National information infrastructure applications  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This project sought to develop a telemedical application in which medical records are electronically searched and digital signatures of real CT scan data are indexed and used to characterize a range of diseases and are used to compare on-line medical data with archived clinical data rapidly. This system includes multimedia data management, interactive collaboration, data compression and transmission, remote data storage and retrieval, and automated data analysis integrated in a distributed application between Los Alamos and the National Jewish Hospital.

Forslund, D.; George, J.; Greenfield, J. [and others

1996-07-01

301

Application for Student Grant Funding  

E-print Network

Application for Student Grant Funding When are the application deadlines? Funding cycle Application, SAIS): C. Name of project to be funded: D. Student Group affiliation: O Undergraduate O Graduate O Both center and Fund/ Internal Order Number (Application will not be accepted without these numbers) Cost

Niebur, Ernst

302

Building Facebook Application using Python  

E-print Network

Building Facebook Application using Python ECS-15, Fall 2010 Prantik Bhattacharyya #12;· Farmville ­ Game ­ 57.5m users ­ http://www.facebook.com/FarmVille · Causes ­ Issues/Movement ­ 26.4m users ­ http://www.facebook.com/causes Facebook Applications #12;Outline · Facebook Applications · Writing Applications · Development

Wu, S. Felix

303

Microcomputer Applications Specialist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains 16 subjects appropriate for use in a competency list for the occupation of microcomputer applications specialist, 1 of 12 occupations within the business/computer technologies cluster. Each unit consists of a number of competencies; a list of competency builders is provided for each competency. Titles of the 16 units are…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

304

Application and Integration  

E-print Network

understory and overstory structure. Fire creat woody debris Fire creates and destroys standing dead trees debris. Fire creates and destroys standing dead trees (snags). StructureScience Application and Integration Program Birds and Fire Since the mid the USDA Forest Service

305

Prototyping mobile game applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Mobile game devices today include novel features, such as ad - hoc wireless connections, advanced audio and visuals, and peer - to - peer networking Using these devices to design new game concepts, however, can be difficult and take much time We have developed OpenTrek - a free, Rapid Application Development game platform for mobile devices OpenTrek is to

Johan Sanneblad; Lars Erik Holmquist

2002-01-01

306

Data applications for DECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Convincing results that quantify the feasibility of the Digital European Cordless Telecommunications system (DECT) in support of many interactive data communication services for wireless access to local area networks (LANs) are presented. The performance of typical LAN applications such as file transfer, remote terminal login and electronic mail are studied and show that DECT is capable of supporting such services

Peter Wong; Fred Halsall

1993-01-01

307

Intelligent vehicle applications worldwide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent vehicles are an application in which the words “intelligent autonomous systems” represent not only an important research topic but also a strategic solution to the mobility problems that may arise in the coming years. Vehicles that can move autonomously and navigate in everyday traffic, on highways, and in urban and unstructured scenarios will become a reality in the next

R. Bishop

2000-01-01

308

Transducer applications, a compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The characteristics and applications of transducers are discussed. Subjects presented are: (1) thermal measurements, (2) liquid level and fluid flow measurements, (3) pressure transducers, (4) stress-strain measurements, (5) acceleration and velocity measurements, (6) displacement and angular rotation, and (7) transducer test and calibration methods.

1972-01-01

309

Business Applications of WAP.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the development of WAP (wireless application protocol), how it works, and what the major advantages and disadvantages are, especially when applied to the use of information. Topics include standardization; mobile communications; the effect of WAP on business tools, electronic commerce, and information services; consumers; corporate users;…

van Steenderen, Margaret

2002-01-01

310

APPLICATION PRESIDENTIAL INTERNSHIP  

E-print Network

APPLICATION PRESIDENTIAL INTERNSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION 2012-2013 The Presidential Internship perspective. The Presidential Internship in Higher Education program is looking for a small, diverse group and community leaders. To qualify for this internship, a student must: 1. Exhibit an interest in higher

Tipple, Brett

311

Biomedical applications engineering tasks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The engineering tasks performed in response to needs articulated by clinicians are described. Initial contacts were made with these clinician-technology requestors by the Southwest Research Institute NASA Biomedical Applications Team. The basic purpose of the program was to effectively transfer aerospace technology into functional hardware to solve real biomedical problems.

Laenger, C. J., Sr.

1976-01-01

312

Statistical Mechanics its applications  

E-print Network

Statistical Mechanics and its applications Dr A. Alavi Part II Chemistry 2007-2008 1 #12;I. INTRODUCTION Statistical Mechanics is concerned with how to describe the behaviour of systems containing large, and how this is done, as well as its theoretical justification, is the subject of Statistical Mechanics. A

Alavi, Ali

313

Application of Surface Complexation  

E-print Network

.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC 20555-0001 E-mail: DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov Facsimile: 301B415B of Nuclear Regulatory Research NUREG/CR-6959 #12;Application of Surface Complexation Modeling to Selected Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research NUREG/CR-6959 #12;AVAILABILITY OF REFERENCE MATERIALS IN NRC

314

The Technological Applications Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technological Applications Project (TAP) is based on three hypotheses: 1) there are a lot of instructional systems and materials that no one knows about; 2) at least some of what has been created is of the kind and quality that could be used by someone else; and 3) access to these little known materials is difficult in many cases as mechanisms…

Urbach, Floyd

315

BLAST+: architecture and applications  

PubMed Central

Background Sequence similarity searching is a very important bioinformatics task. While Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) outperforms exact methods through its use of heuristics, the speed of the current BLAST software is suboptimal for very long queries or database sequences. There are also some shortcomings in the user-interface of the current command-line applications. Results We describe features and improvements of rewritten BLAST software and introduce new command-line applications. Long query sequences are broken into chunks for processing, in some cases leading to dramatically shorter run times. For long database sequences, it is possible to retrieve only the relevant parts of the sequence, reducing CPU time and memory usage for searches of short queries against databases of contigs or chromosomes. The program can now retrieve masking information for database sequences from the BLAST databases. A new modular software library can now access subject sequence data from arbitrary data sources. We introduce several new features, including strategy files that allow a user to save and reuse their favorite set of options. The strategy files can be uploaded to and downloaded from the NCBI BLAST web site. Conclusion The new BLAST command-line applications, compared to the current BLAST tools, demonstrate substantial speed improvements for long queries as well as chromosome length database sequences. We have also improved the user interface of the command-line applications. PMID:20003500

2009-01-01

316

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter will continue a series of notes concentrating on analysis techniques with this issue's section discussing the use of Root-Sum-Square calculations for digital delays.

Katz, Richard; Day, John H. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

317

Implementations And Applications of  

E-print Network

.The resulting design series created by users of this system present a new and unique form of design) proposed even before employing the Internet within designing, that computer graphics, including computerImplementations And Applications of DesignMap: Case Studies To Manage An Online Database Of

318

Geospatial Web Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GeoTech Center presents a series of model courses on GIS, spatial technologies, and related subjects. This eighth course introduces "the design, publishing, optimization of geospatial servers, and maintenance of basic geospatial web services and applications." A course outline describes prerequisites, student learning outcomes, and course objectives. A second document contains a rubric for evaluating student learning outcomes.

2014-07-11

319

Visiting Military Installations Applicability  

E-print Network

Visiting Military Installations Effective: Applicability This policy applies to Drexel University for Drexel to recruit military students, particularly on military installations. II. Policy Implementation A. Drexel Requirements Drexel University is required to: � Provide a written request to visit the military

Schmutz, Eric

320

Applications to aging networks.  

PubMed

This chapter will introduce a few additional network concepts, and then it will focus on the application of the material in the previous chapter to the study of systems biology of aging. In particular, we will examine how the material can be used to study aging networks in two sample species: Caenorhabditis elegans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:25341510

Wimble, Christopher; Witten, Tarynn M

2015-01-01

321

Applications of sprayed coatings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service demands of the coating properties of sprayed coatings are classified as: preventing, fretting, wear, and corrosion; controlled abradability; and thermal barrier. Developments in both coating techniques and coating materials which have allowed production of coatings which match the performance demands are considered. Applications of sprayed coatings in aircraft components are discussed. Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for

H. D. Steffens; M. Malik

1980-01-01

322

Training, sharing, finding applications  

E-print Network

Training, sharing, finding applications Cataloguing ant species, Santo expedition, Vanuatu #12 of its mission is to meet the scientific training needs of its Southern partners. The Institute has long Master's grants, 20 in-service training grants and 25 scientific exchange grants. With this system

323

Applications of SLR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) has a rich history of development which began in the 1960s with 10 meter-level first generation systems. These systems evolved with order of magnitude improvements to the systems that now produce several millimeter single shot range precisions. What began, in part, as an interesting application of the new laser technology has become an essential component of

Bob E. Schutz

1993-01-01

324

Medical applications of holography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From the various capabilities of holography for image processing and measuring purposes, holographic interferometric techniques have found more extended application in biological and medical research. Due to their special properties the different methods of holographic interferometry are applied to characteristic fields of biomedical investigations where--similar to nondestructive testing--vibration and deformation analysis is of interest. Features of holographic interferometry, such as the possibility of noncontactive, three-dimensional investigations with a large field-of-depth, are used with advantage. The main applications can be found in basic research e.g., in audiology, dentistry, opthalmology, and experimental orthopedics. Because of the great number of investigations and the variety of medical domains in which these investigations were performed this survey is confined to some characteristic examples. As in all fields of optics and laser metrology, a review on biomedical applications of holography would be incomplete if military developments and utilization were not mentioned. As demonstrated by selected examples, the increasing interlacing of science with the military does not stop at domains that traditionally are regarded as exclusively oriented to human welfare--like biomedical research. The term ''Star Wars Medicine'', which becomes an increasingly popular expression for laser applications (including holography) in medicine, characterizes the consequences of this development.

von Bally, Gert

1991-11-01

325

Medical applications of holography  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the various capabilities of holography for image processing and measuring purposes, holographic interferometric techniques have found more extended application in biological and medical research. Due to their special properties the different methods of holographic interferometry are applied to characteristic fields of biomedical investigations where--similar to nondestructive testing--vibration and deformation analysis is of interest. Features of holographic interferometry, such as

Gert von Bally

1991-01-01

326

Introducing Web Application Development  

E-print Network

Introducing Web Application Development Instructor: Dr Wei Ding Development Instructor: Dr.Wei Ding Fall 2009 1CS 437/637 Database-BackedWeb Sites andWeb Services Introduction: Internet vs. World Wide Web Internet is an interconnected network of thousands ofInternet is an interconnected network

Ding, Wei

327

Arrays for space applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Concepts that were studied for application in space based radar (SBR) systems are presented. These antenna systems were for low earth orbit and require large fields of view (FOV). The systems included both space-fed and corporate-fed arrays.

Schuman, Harvey K.; Antonik, Paul; Malagisi, Carmen

1989-01-01

328

Mechanics: Ideas, problems, applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The book contains the published articles and reports by academician Ishlinskii which deal with the concepts and ideas of modern mechanics, its role in providing a general understanding of the natural phenomena, and its applications to various problems in science and engineering. Attention is given to the methodological aspects of mechanics, to the history of the theories of plasticity, friction,

A. Iu. Ishlinskii

1985-01-01

329

Supergravity:. Foundations and Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We briefly discuss the foundations of Supergravity as a gauge theory of supersymmetry, its mathematical structure and the basic lagrangians for N-extended supersymmetry. As applications, we describe the basic elements of the supersymmetry breaking mechanism and various aspects of the physics of extremal black holes.

Ceresole, Anna; Ferrara, Sergio

2012-12-01

330

Biochemiluminescence and biomedical applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although used for analytical purposes for more than 40 years it is only recently that biochemiluminescence (BCL) has found widespread acceptance. Methods employing BCL reactions now play an important role in biomedical research and laboratory medicine. The main attractions for the assay technology include exquisite sensitivity (attomole-zeptomole), high selectivity, speed and simplicity. In biomedical research, the most important applications of

D. Champiat; A. Roux; O. Lhomme; G. Nosenzo

1994-01-01

331

PEER ADVISING APPLICATION PACKET  

E-print Network

opportunities to get involved with Lundquist College clubs � Assist students with intentional planning-Reinitz, krambo@uoregon.edu or 541.346.5755 #12;Lundquist College Peer Advising Application Please return your. Everyone has unique skills and qualities to offer others and a team. Please describe what you feel are your

332

NCI/CPFP - 2010 Application Catalog - Guidelines for Application  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation. Table of Contents Director's Message Staff Profiles Program Description Program Information Guidelines for Application Preceptorships Bibliography Post-Fellowship Employment Life Outside the NCI Previous Page | Next Page Application

333

DELPHIAN ENDOWMENT SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION Application Deadline: Friday, March 1, 2013  

E-print Network

DELPHIAN ENDOWMENT SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION Application Deadline: Friday, March 1, 2013 Student: __________________________ The awarding of a Delphian Endowment Scholarship is based on these factors: Scholarship / Merit / Character to: University of Houston Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid Attn: Delphian Endowment

Bittner, Eric R.

334

Ceramics for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect

Ceramics are required for a variety of uses in both near-term fusion devices and in commercial powerplants. These materials must retain adequate structural and electrical properties under conditions of neutron, particle, and ionizing irradiation; thermal and applied stresses; and physical and chemical sputtering. Ceramics such as Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, MgAl/sub 2/O/sub 4/, BeO, Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ and SiC are currently under study for fusion applications, and results to date show widely-varying response to the fusion environment. Materials can be identified today which will meet initial operating requirements, but improvements in physical properties are needed to achieve satisfactory lifetimes for critical applications.

Clinard, F.W. Jr.

1986-01-01

335

Persuasive Mobile Health Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With many industrialized societies bearing the cost of an increasingly sedentary lifestyle on the health of their populations there is a need to find new ways of encouraging physical activity to promote better health and well being. With the increasing power of mobile phones and the recent emergence of personal heart rate monitors, aimed at dedicated amateur runners, there is now a possibility to develop “Persuasive Mobile Health Applications” to promote well being through the use of real-time physiological data and persuade users to adopt a healthier lifestyle. In this paper we present a novel general health monitoring software for mobile phones called Heart Angel. This software is aimed at helping users monitor, record, as well as improve their fitness level through built-in cardio-respiratory tests, a location tracking application for analyzing heart rate exertion over time and location, and a fun mobile-exergame called Health Defender.

Garcia Wylie, Carlos; Coulton, Paul

336

Nattokinase: production and application.  

PubMed

Nattokinase (NK, also known as subtilisin NAT) (EC 3.4.21.62) is one of the most considerable extracellular enzymes produced by Bacillus subtilis natto. The main interest about this enzyme is due to its direct fibrinolytic activity. Being stable enough in the gastrointestinal tract makes this enzyme a useful agent for the oral thrombolytic therapy. Thus, NK is regarded as a valuable dietary supplement or nutraceutical. Proven safety and ease of mass production are other advantages of this enzyme. In addition to these valuable advantages, there are other applications attributed to NK including treatment of hypertension, Alzheimer's disease, and vitreoretinal disorders. This review tends to bring a brief description about this valuable enzyme and summarizes the various biotechnological approaches used in its production, recovery, and purification. Some of the most important applications of NK, as well as its future prospects, are also discussed. PMID:25348469

Dabbagh, Fatemeh; Negahdaripour, Manica; Berenjian, Aydin; Behfar, Abdolazim; Mohammadi, Fatemeh; Zamani, Mozhdeh; Irajie, Cambyz; Ghasemi, Younes

2014-11-01

337

Prospects for HTS applications  

SciTech Connect

High temperature superconductor (HTS) wire is rapidly maturing into a working material being produced in ever larger quantities and being used in more significant demonstrations and prototypes. Conductor is now produced routinely in several hundred meter lengths with reproducible results. Current density has progressed to a level suitable for demonstration of many applications. Wire strength has improved and large prototypes fabricated or under consideration using HTS include Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES), rotating electrical machines including synchronous ac and dc homopolar motors and drives, generators and condensers, underground transmission cables, utility distribution equipment such as transformers and current limiters, commercial processing applications such as magnetic separation, and specialty magnets such as high field inserts. In this paper the requirements, progress toward these requirements, and the prospects for the future are reviewed.

Gamble, B.B.; Snitchler, G.L.; Schwall, R.E. [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)] [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)

1996-07-01

338

Civil missions applications study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study collects and categorizes a forecast of ambitious civilian space missions; it also assesses their requirements for power and the application of space nuclear power systems to meet these needs. Although the results of this 1986 study have been recast to reflect recent NASA planning (Ride's Bold New Initiatives), the basic mission and power requirements forecast remain essentially the same. Civil mission applications have been organized into four major areas with one additional topic: (1) Earth orbiting missions (including Space Stations, Earth Observing Missions, and materials processing); (2) Planetary exploration; (3) Manned lunar base; and (4) Manned Mars Mission; plus (5) Extra-solar spacecraft (i.e., the Thousand AU explorer concept).

Mankins, John Carlton; Olivieri, Jerry

1988-01-01

339

NASA: Biomedical applications team  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The status of projects involving the adaptation of NASA technologies for medical purposes is reviewed. Devices for the measurement of joint deformation of arthritic hands, the development of an artificial pancreas, provision of an auditory signal to avert epileptic seizures, are described along with the control of medication levels, a compressed air tank to supply power for field dentistry, and an electroencephalogram monitor. The use of the Lixiscope as a portable fluoroscope, thermal laminates for hand and foot warmers for patients with Raynaud's syndrome, and the use of absorptive coatings for instruments for controlling medication levels are described. The applicability of occupation health and safety practices to industry, computerized patient scheduling, impregnation of the common facial tissue with an agent for killing respiratory viruses, commercial applications of anthropometric data, and multispectral image analysis of the skin as a diagnostic tool are reviewed.

1981-01-01

340

Biochemiluminescence and biomedical applications.  

PubMed

Although used for analytical purposes for more than 40 years it is only recently that biochemiluminescence (BCL) has found widespread acceptance. Methods employing BCL reactions now play an important role in biomedical research and laboratory medicine. The main attractions for the assay technology include exquisite sensitivity (attomole-zeptomole), high selectivity, speed and simplicity. In biomedical research, the most important applications of BCL are: (1) to estimate microbial numbers and to assess cellular states (e.g., after exposure to antibiotic or cytotoxic agents) and in reporter gene studies (firefly luciferase gene); (2) NAD(P)H involved in redox/dehydrogenase studies using Vibrio luciferase complex; (3) BCL labels and CL detection of enzyme labels in immunoassays are the most widespread routine application for this technology. BCL enzyme immunoassays represent the most active area of development, e.g., enhanced BCL method for peroxidase and BCL assays for alkaline phosphatase labels using adamantyl 1,2-dioxetane. PMID:7697495

Champiat, D; Roux, A; Lhomme, O; Nosenzo, G

1994-12-01

341

Graph Theory with Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by J.A. Bondy and U.S.R. Murty of the Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris, this online 270-page textbook presents graph theory and its applications. The topics covered here include connectivity, independent sets and cliques, and planar and directed graphs. Each chapter has a list of references for further information, and most have exercises. Visitors can find the solution to those exercises in the Appendices here.

Bondy, J. A. (John Adrian); Murty, U. S.

1969-12-31

342

Grid Application Programming Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

One challenge of building future grid systems is to provide suitable application programming interfaces and environments. In this chapter, we identify functional and non-functional properties for such environments. We then review three existing systems that have been co-developed by the authors with respect to the identied properties: ProActive, Ibis, and GAT. Apparently, no currently existing system is able to address

Thilo Kielmann; André Merzky; Henri E. Bal; Françoise Baude; Denis Caromel; Fabrice Huet

2004-01-01

343

Applications of Vector Calculus  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter provides a brief introduction to some of the many applications of vector calculus to physics. Each of these is\\u000a a vast topic in itself and is the subject of numerous books and a great deal of current research, so it is not possible to\\u000a go into any detail in this book. However, a number of important governing equations

Paul C. Matthews

344

JSTOR: Ecological Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000 back issues of this scholarly journal were made available to researchers through JSTOR (Journal Storage). JSTOR offers online access to numerous scholarly journals on a "moving wall" basis -- in which users may download the full text and figures of each article that is at least three-years-old. Currently, JSTOR coverage includes Ecological Applications, Vols. 1-8, 1991-1998. Newer articles are continually added on a moving wall basis. Access is limited to participating institutions.

345

Applications of ionic liquids.  

PubMed

Ionic liquids have recently gained popularity in the scientific community owing to their special properties and characteristics. One of the reasons why ionic liquids have been termed "green solvents" is due to their negligible vapour pressure. Their use in electrochemical, biological and metal extraction applications is discussed. Wide research has been carried out for their use in batteries, solar panels, fuel cells, drug deliveries and biomass pretreatments. This work aims to consolidate the various findings from previous works in these areas. PMID:22711528

Patel, Divia Dinesh; Lee, Jong-Min

2012-06-01

346

Airborne bistatic radar applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applications of bistatic radar when one or both of the units are airborne are discussed. Scenarios that merit deeper consideration are covert strike and head-on SAR using a stand-off illuminator, either airborne or space-based; area air defense with passive ground-based receivers and stand-off illuminators; an airborne picket line to detect stealth aircraft and missiles; AWACS aircraft providing mutual support in

James A. Foster

1987-01-01

347

Newton polyhedron and applications  

SciTech Connect

We give a simple presentation of an algorithm of selecting asymptotical first approximations of equations (algebraic and ordinary differential and partial differential). Here the first approximation of a solution of the initial equation is a solution of the corresponding first approximation of the equation. The algorithm is based on the geometry of power exponents including the Newton polyhedron. We give also a survey of applications of the algorithm in problems of Celestial Mechanics and Hydrodynamics.

Bruno, A.D. [Institute of Applied Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1994-12-31

348

Surface electromyography applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrophysiological techniques (neurography and needle electromyography) allow us an approach to the knowledge of the neuromuscular function. Electromyography obtains the electrical activity from the muscle in rest or in contraction (maximum and static voluntary contraction) In its clinical application, electromyography helps to the diagnosis and follow-up of a process of neuromuscular type.\\u000a\\u000a\\u000a\\u000aOn the other hand, kinesiological or surface

Núria Massó i Ortigosa; Ferran Rey; Daniel Romero Rodriguez; Gabriel Gual; Lluís Costa Tutusaus; Ana Germán

2009-01-01

349

G Accelerator Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will review GEANT4 applications and extensions for accelerator studies, both as a general framework and for the simulation of specific accelerators. G4Beamline is a Geant4-based program intended to easily simulate many different aspects of beam-line design. G4Beamline implements accelerator components via an object-oriented ASCII input format. For instance, it allows the definition of a quadrupole magnet by its

Malcolm Ellis; Grahame Blair; Yagmur Torun; Tom Roberts

2006-01-01

350

Mimumes for SUBTLE applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inspired by natural multifunctionality, mimumes are microfibrous multifunctional metamaterials. Their microfibrosity engenders multifunctionality. Poly(p-xylylene) polymers that are currently used in bulk non-fibrous forms for packaging and tribological applications in electronic and biomedical arenas are excellent initial candidates to fabricate mimumes. In microfibrous forms, these polymers are expected to display simultaneous ultrasonic, biomedical, terahertz, light, and energy (SUBTLE) functionalities, thereby furthering the paradigm of design for system performance.

Lakhtakia, Akhlesh

2014-08-01

351

QMRPACK and applications  

SciTech Connect

QMRPACK is a package of quasi-minimal residual algorithms for the iterative solution of linear systems. In this paper, the authors describe the main features of QMRPACK, comment on the implementations found in the package, and discuss how they would be invoked in a user code. They briefly describe two applications of the codes in the area of simulation of material properties from first principles, and in circuit simulation. They conclude by presenting future directions for QMRPACK.

Freund, R.W. [AT& T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ (United States); Nachtigal, N.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-10-01

352

Community Software Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a case study of developing and using community knowledge management software. The context of the case study is a school.\\u000a During a training workshop staff at a school was introduced to a community knowledge management system. The intent was for\\u000a them to use it for lesson planning and discussions. Instead, they built a series of applications that they

T. Dinesh; S. Uskudarli

353

Agricultural application of SWECS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Principal applications of wind energy for agriculture are (1) farmstead power, mainly electrical, (2) building heating, (3) irrigation pumping, (4) product storage and processing, (5) hot water for residences and dairies, and (6) associated industries of agribusiness such as feedlots, fertilizer elevators, greenhouses, etc. Field experiments show that wind energy is a viable alternative, however, reliability and maintenance are still major problems. Test results of the various experiments are described.

Nelson, V.

354

Curve-Skeleton Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Curve-skeletons are a 1D subset of the medial surface of a 3D object and are useful for many visualization tasks including virtual navigation, reduced-model formulation, visualization improvement, mesh repair, animation, etc. There are many algorithms in the literature describing extraction methodologies for different applications; however, it is unclear how general and robust they are. In this paper, we provide an

Nicu D. Cornea; Deborah Silver; Patrick Min

2005-01-01

355

Meteorological image processing applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Meteorologists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center are conducting an extensive program of research in weather and climate related phenomena. This paper focuses on meteorological image processing applications directed toward gaining a detailed understanding of severe weather phenomena. In addition, the paper discusses the ground data handling and image processing systems used at the Goddard Space Flight Center to support severe weather research activities and describes three specific meteorological studies which utilized these facilities.

Bracken, P. A.; Dalton, J. T.; Hasler, A. F.; Adler, R. F.

1979-01-01

356

Applications of polychlorinated biphenyls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background, aim, and scope  In the 50 years or so that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were manufactured in the USA and elsewhere, they were widely used\\u000a in numerous applications because of their desirable properties. The purpose of this paper is to review and summarize in one\\u000a place the factual information about the uses of PCBs, as well as to correct some misconceptions that

Mitchell D. Erickson; Robert G. Kaley II

2011-01-01

357

Aspirin History and Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Of the thousands of drugs and medicines available for the prevention, treatment, and control of human disease and discomfort, the most widely used is aspirin. This article explores the historical development of aspirin and provides teachers with instructional strategies, ideas, and applications for teaching about aspirin in the science classroom. The topic of aspirin serves not only as an interesting history lesson but also an excellent opportunity for science teachers to apply this knowledge to lessons in science and other curricular subjects.

Hademenos, George

2005-11-01

358

AGU membership applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applications for membership have been received from the following individuals. The letter after the name denotes the proposed primary section affiliation.Aubrey L. Anderson (O), Lennart A. Anderson (V), Kathleen W. Baird (V), William R. Bergmann (A), E. N. Bernard (O), Joyce R. Blueford (O), Wayne M. Brewer (T), Nancy Ann Brewster (O), Philip S. Callahan (O), Jack G. Calvert (A), Drew A. Carey (O), Benjamin Chen (O), J. W. Cole (V), George Courtney (T), Charles G. Crawford (H).

359

Applications of HRSG Simulation  

E-print Network

APPLICATIONS OF HRSG SIMULATION V.GanapathY,ABCO Industrles,Abllene,Texas ABSTRACT Heat Recovery steam Generators are widely used in cogeneration and combined cycle plants generating steam utilizing energy from gas turbine exhaust. Before... planning cogan projects ,consultants should study various options available in terms of steam parameters and select the optimum. simulation helps plan such studies. In addition,useful "what if .. studies can be performed without even designing...

Ganapathy, V. V.

360

Baltimore applications project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Baltimore Applications Project (BAP) was originally designed as an experimental effort to assist the government of the City of Baltimore in applying technology to the solution of municipal problems. Recent modifications in the structuring and operation of the program are discussed. A tabular update on the individual tasks undertaken and their treatment is provided. Details of energy and nonenergy related tasks are presented in appendices.

Golden, T. S.; Yaffee, P.

1978-01-01

361

Transactional Network Platform: Applications  

SciTech Connect

In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

2013-10-31

362

Next generation EFB applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today pilots have to obtain required information from a number of different sources like airport/SID/STAR/approach or enroute charts (respectively their electronic representations), printouts like the flight plan or a weather briefing, and updates via voice communications. The flight crew is required to mentally combine all this information. This situation will become even more difficult to cope with in the SESAR/NextGen world with dynamic changes of the trajectory (flight plan), and more frequent updates of weather, NOTAMs and other information requiring a higher degree of automation and better information presentation. To address these issues, lower the pilot's workload, and increase his situational awareness, a concept is presented where all required information is provided through one application. Depending on the phase of flight (taxi-in/taxi-out, departure, enroute, arrival, approach) the application will select the currently required information and provide a seamless representation for the crew. The challenge is to provide the right information at the right time to the crew (e.g. significant weather moving into the direction of the flight plan). The focus of this paper will be on the components of the new application related to ground operations. This includes an enhanced, AMM-like view with integrated taxi-routing support, graphical and textual display of chart notes (e.g. wingspan restrictions, taxiway closures etc.), and updates of such information by automatic inclusion of digital NOTAMs.

Pschierer, C.; Sindlinger, A.; Barraci, N.; Wiesemann, T.; Gaertner, M.; Schiefele, J.

2011-06-01

363

Panoramic lens applications revisited  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last few years, innovative optical design strategies to generate and control image mapping have been successful in producing high-resolution digital imagers and projectors. This new generation of panoramic lenses includes catadioptric panoramic lenses, panoramic annular lenses, visible/IR fisheye lenses, anamorphic wide-angle attachments, and visible/IR panomorph lenses. Given that a wide-angle lens images a large field of view on a limited number of pixels, a systematic pixel-to-angle mapping will help the efficient use of each pixel in the field of view. In this paper, we present several modern applications of these modern types of hemispheric lenses. Recently, surveillance and security applications have been proposed and published in Security and Defence symposium. However, modern hemispheric lens can be used in many other fields. A panoramic imaging sensor contributes most to the perception of the world. Panoramic lenses are now ready to be deployed in many optical solutions. Covered applications include, but are not limited to medical imaging (endoscope, rigiscope, fiberscope...), remote sensing (pipe inspection, crime scene investigation, archeology...), multimedia (hemispheric projector, panoramic image...). Modern panoramic technologies allow simple and efficient digital image processing and the use of standard image analysis features (motion estimation, segmentation, object tracking, pattern recognition) in the complete 360° hemispheric area.

Thibault, Simon

2008-04-01

364

HPC Application Software Consortium 1 HPC Application Software Consortium Summit  

E-print Network

HPC Application Software Consortium 1 HPC Application Software Consortium Summit Concept Paper Executive Summary This white paper proposes the foundation of a High Performance Computing (HPC) Application of a framework for multiphysics simulation on HPC systems using commercial and open-source codes. The goal

365

Athena SWAN Bronze University Award Application Date of application  

E-print Network

Athena SWAN Bronze University Award Application Date of application: 24November 2011 Contact: Linda 21 November 2011 Dear Sarah, Application from the University of Exeter for an Athena SWAN Bronze the University of Exeter for an Athena SWAN Bronze Award. At Exeter, we share the core values of the Athena SWAN

Bearhop, Stuart

366

Global Education Scholarships Application form  

E-print Network

Global Education Scholarships Application form The Global Education Scholarships recognise your Global Education Scholarship application, email partnerships@canterburyac.nz. Personal Details: Town/City: Postcode: Country: Telephone: Mobile Number: Email address: University Admission information

Hickman, Mark

367

International Rectifier - Application Training Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is International Rectifier's directory page to an application training guide for topics such as Basic Circuit Theory, Basic Semiconductor Theory, Device Cross Section, Mounting Techniques, and Typical Applications. Includes a glossary of acronyms.

2012-12-14

368

SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION FORM Civil Engineering  

E-print Network

Year 2010 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION FORM Civil Engineering The Minnesota County Engineers' Association (MCEA) Scholarship Program for civil engineering students consists of seven $2,000 scholarships engineering student attending a university having an ABET accredited civil engineering program. Applicant must

Mlllet, Dylan B.

369

Structured decomposition of adaptive applications  

E-print Network

We describe an approach to automate certain high-level implementation decisions in a pervasive application, allowing them to be postponed until run time. Our system enables a model in which an application programmer can ...

Paluska, Justin Mazzola, 1981-

2012-01-01

370

Laser Ablation for Medical Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medical applications of laser are measurement, laser surgery, in-situ monitoring, and processing of medical devices. In this paper, author briefly reviews the trends of medical applications, describes some new applications, and then discuss about the future trends and problems of medical applications. At present, the domestic market of laser equipment for medical applications is nearly 1/10 of that for industrial applications, which has registered significant growth continuously. Laser surgery as a minimum invasive surgery under arthroscope is expected to decrease the pain of patients. Precise processing such as cutting and welding is suitable for manufacturing medical devices. Pulsed laser deposition has been successfully applied to the thin film coating. The corneal refractive surgery by ArF excimer laser has been widely accepted for its highly safe operation. Laser ablation for retinal implant in the visual prosthesis is one of the promising applications of laser ablation in medicine. New applications with femtosecond laser are expected in the near future.

Hayashi, Ken-Ichi

371

Automatic partitioning of database applications  

E-print Network

Database-backed applications are nearly ubiquitous in our daily lives. Applications that make many small accesses to the database create two challenges for developers: increased latency and wasted resources from numerous ...

Arden, Owen

372

Heat Pipes: An Industrial Application  

E-print Network

This paper reviews the basics of heat pipe exchangers. Included are how they are constructed, how they operate, where they have application, and various aspects of evaluating a potential application. After discussing the technical aspects of heat...

Murray, F.

1984-01-01

373

Capacitor Technologies, Applications and Reliability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various aspects of capacitor technologies and applications are discussed. Major emphasis is placed on: the causes of failures; accelerated testing; screening tests; destructive physical analysis; applications techniques; and improvements in capacitor capabilities.

1981-01-01

374

Small strain gage applications 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a number of small strain gage applications conducted recently at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division. These stress analyses used some of the smallest strain gages commercially available on the market today. Although data reduction techniques remain the same for these small-scale analyses, gaging techniques differ from application to application. This paper discusses three different strain gage applications using 0.015 grid area strain gages.

Wenski, Edward G.

1990-03-01

375

Performance Modeling of HPC Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance models of applications enable HPC system designers and centers to gain insight into the most optimal hardware for their applications, giving them valuable information into the components of hardware (for example processors or network) that for a certain investment of time\\/money will give the most bene t for the applications slated to run on the new system. The task

Allan Snavely; Xiaofeng Gao; C. Lee; Laura Carrington; Nicole Wolter; Jesús Labarta; Judit Gimenez; P. Jones

2003-01-01

376

ADAM -- Organization of Application Packages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document explains the standard way in which SG/4 applications packages are set up to run on Starlink machines. It covers the systems permitting use of the applications direct from the shell and from the Interactive Command Language (ICL) on Unix. This document is relevant to applications programmers, the Starlink Software Librarian and Site Managers.

Chipperfield, A. J.

377

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT  

E-print Network

i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-NMP-2010-EU-USA Further copies of this Guide-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2010-EU-USA i documents. #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2010-EU-USA ii Contents 1. GETTING

Milano-Bicocca, Università

378

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT  

E-print Network

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT Two-stage submission process FP7-NMP-2010-LARGE-4 be downloaded from the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2010-LARGE-4 ii About this Guide This is version number 4 of the FP7 Guide for Applicants

Milano-Bicocca, Università

379

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT  

E-print Network

i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-NMP-2010-EU-Mexico Further copies the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP documents. #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2010-EU-Mexico ii Contents 1

Milano-Bicocca, Università

380

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT  

E-print Network

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT Two-stage submission process FP7-NMP-2010-SME-4 be downloaded from the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2009-SME-4 ii About this Guide This is version number 4 of the FP7 Guide for Applicants

Milano-Bicocca, Università

381

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT  

E-print Network

GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT Two-stage submission process FP7-NMP-2010-SMALL-4 be downloaded from the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2010-SMALL-4 ii About this Guide This is version number 4 of the FP7 Guide for Applicants

Milano-Bicocca, Università

382

WAP Enabling Existing HTML Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Already-existing HTML applications can be converted into WML (Wireless Markup Language) applications for use on WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) enabled devices, yet this process is not as simple as the alteration of the markup tags. This paper investigates the problems associated with the conversion process by examining the conversion of a functional information system that would be of benefit to

Marcin Metter; Robert M. Colomb

2000-01-01

383

Mobile Security for Internet Applications  

E-print Network

Mobile Security for Internet Applications Roger Kehr1 · Joachim Posegga2 Roland Schmitz1 · Peter this technology can be used for securing services over the Internet and describes several concrete application will not explicitly refer to UMTS; however, our approach can easily be #12;2 Mobile Security for Internet Applications

Posegga, Joachim

384

Previous Psychotherapy among Hypnotherapy Applicants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presenting problem and reported previous psychotherapy were analyzed in a sample of 413 applicants for hypnotherapy clinic treatment. A significant relationship (p < .001) was found between type of problem and report of previous psychotherapy. Applicants stating problems usually associated with analytic psychotherapy (anxiety, depression) tended to have higher rates of previous psychotherapy than applicants presenting problems more often associated

Peter B. Field; Milton V. Kline

1974-01-01

385

The LOIS concept Scientific application  

E-print Network

Who we are Outline The LOIS concept Scientific application Technical systems Hi for a Distributed Space P #12;Who we are Outline The LOIS concept Scientific application Technical systems Hi for a Distributed Space P #12;Who we are Outline The LOIS concept Scientific application Technical systems Hi

386

Birthdates of medical school applicants  

Microsoft Academic Search

We determined if the “relative age” effect, wherein older students in an age cohort in early grades do better academically, extends to birthdates of applicants to medical schools, and if birthdates are related to the success of their applications. We examined birthdays of applicants from Michigan to Wayne State University’s School of Medicine, relative to December 1, the cut?off date

Ernest L. Abel; Robert J. Sokol; Michael L. Kruger; Dawn Yargeau

2008-01-01

387

Bayesian Networks Applications in Genetics  

E-print Network

Bayesian Networks Applications in Genetics Segregation, IBD and Linkage from the Perspective the Perspective of BNT #12;Bayesian Networks Applications in Genetics Outline 1 Bayesian Networks Model and Notations Belief Propagation Exact Inference 2 Applications in Genetics Segregation IBD Linkage G. NUEL

Nuel, Gregory

388

Solar photovoltaics: Stand alone applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lewis Research Center involvement in space photovoltaic research and development and in using photovoltaics for terrestrial applications is described with emphasis on applications in which the normal source of power may be a diesel generator, batteries, or other types of power not connected to a utility grid. Once an application is processed, technology is developed and demonstrated with a

J. N. Deyo

1980-01-01

389

New emerging MEMS applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the trends for the years to come for the different MEMS markets. Consumer applications have really started to push the MEMS business in 2005. Many different devices are involved, like pressure sensors (altimeters), microphones, accelerometers, gyroscopes . . . One of the most significant consequences is that all the Top 50 semiconductor companies are now looking at these MEMS applications as possible growth areas. Another result of the growth of the MEMS market is the strong growth of the foundries and contract manufacturers. We have seen growth of more than 35% in 2005 compared to 2004 and we expect similar growth in the next 3 years. We will review the next MEMS applications which have currently a high growth: Si microphones, microdisplays (for RPTV, portable projectors or automotive HUDs), gyroscopes and micro-fuel cells. In the longer term, micro-source of energy could also become an important MEMS market. In term of milestones, the following points can be highlighted: -In 2005 market, the MEMS market is 5.1 B worldwide and very fragmented in terms of companies and products. -In 2010, it will be a 9.7 B market worldwide. MEMS foundries and contract manufacturers will account for at least 8 % of the world market with several being public companies. More than 50% of today's systems companies who have integrated fabs will be using external manufacturers. Several large integrated companies will have created independent MEMS spin-offs and IC manufacturers will be deeply involved in MEMS manufacturing. -In 2015, it will be an 18 B$ market worldwide with no longer systems manufacturers with internal fabs. And we forecast that 50% of the total market will be in the hands of semiconductor manufacturers.

Mounier, Eric; Eloy, Jean-Christophe

2007-02-01

390

Radar applications overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the fifty years since its initial development as a means of providing early warning of airborne attacks against allied countries during World War II, radar systems have developed to the point of being highly mobile and versatile systems capable of supporting a wide variety of remote sensing applications. Instead of being tied to stationary land-based sites, radar systems have found their way into highly mobile land vehicles as well as into aircraft, missiles, and ships of all sizes. Of all these applications, however, the most exciting revolution has occurred in the airborne platform arena where advanced technology radars can be found in all shapes and sizes...ranging from the large AWACS and Joint STARS long range surveillance and targeting systems to small millimeter wave multi-spectral sensors on smart weapons that can detect and identify their targets through the use of highly sophisticated digital signal processing hardware and software. This paper presents an overview of these radar applications with the emphasis on modern airborne sensors that span the RF spectrum. It will identify and describe the factors that influence the parameters of low frequency and ultra wide band radars designed to penetrate ground and dense foliage environments and locate within them buried mines, enemy armor, and other concealed or camouflaged weapons of war. It will similarly examine the factors that lead to the development of airborne radar systems that support long range extended endurance airborne surveillance platforms designed to detect and precision-located both small high speed airborne threats as well as highly mobile time critical moving and stationary surface vehicles. The mission needs and associated radar design impacts will be contrasted with those of radar systems designed for high maneuverability rapid acquisition tactical strike warfare platforms, and shorter range cued air-to-surface weapons with integral smart radar sensors.

Greenspan, Marshall

1996-06-01

391

Factsheets Web Application  

SciTech Connect

The Factsheets web application was conceived out of the requirement to create, update, publish, and maintain a web site with dynamic research and development (R and D) content. Before creating the site, a requirements discovery process was done in order to accurately capture the purpose and functionality of the site. One of the high priority requirements for the site would be that no specialized training in web page authoring would be necessary. All functions of uploading, creation, and editing of factsheets needed to be accomplished by entering data directly into web form screens generated by the application. Another important requirement of the site was to allow for access to the factsheet web pages and data via the internal Sandia Restricted Network and Sandia Open Network based on the status of the input data. Important to the owners of the web site would be to allow the published factsheets to be accessible to all personnel within the department whether or not the sheets had completed the formal Review and Approval (R and A) process. Once the factsheets had gone through the formal review and approval process, they could then be published both internally and externally based on their individual publication status. An extended requirement and feature of the site would be to provide a keyword search capability to search through the factsheets. Also, since the site currently resides on both the internal and external networks, it would need to be registered with the Sandia search engines in order to allow access to the content of the site by the search engines. To date, all of the above requirements and features have been created and implemented in the Factsheet web application. These have been accomplished by the use of flat text databases, which are discussed in greater detail later in this paper.

VIGIL,FRANK; REEDER,ROXANA G.

2000-10-30

392

Carbon nano structures: Production and characterization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'objectif de ce memoire est de preparer et de caracteriser des nanostructures de carbone (CNS -- Carbon Nanostructures, en licence a l'Institut de recherche sur l'hydrogene, Quebec, Canada), un carbone avec un plus grand degre de graphitisation et une meilleure porosite. Le Chapitre 1 est une description generale des PEMFCs (PEMFC -- Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell) et plus particulierement des CNS comme support de catalyseurs, leur synthese et purification. Le Chapitre 2 decrit plus en details la methode de synthese et la purification des CNS, la theorie de formation des nanostructures et les differentes techniques de caracterisation que nous avons utilises telles que la diffraction aux rayons-X (XRD -- X-ray diffraction), la microscopie electronique a transmission (TEM -- transmission electron microscope ), la spectroscopie Raman, les isothermes d'adsorption d'azote a 77 K (analyse BET, t-plot, DFT), l'intrusion au mercure, et l'analyse thermogravimetrique (TGA -- thermogravimetric analysis). Le Chapitre 3 presente les resultats obtenus a chaque etape de la synthese des CNS et avec des echantillons produits a l'aide d'un broyeur de type SPEXRTM (SPEX/CertiPrep 8000D) et d'un broyeur de type planetaire (Fritsch Pulverisette 5). La difference essentielle entre ces deux types de broyeur est la facon avec laquelle les materiaux sont broyes. Le broyeur de type SPEX secoue le creuset contenant les materiaux et des billes d'acier selon 3 axes produisant ainsi des impacts de tres grande energie. Le broyeur planetaire quant a lui fait tourner et deplace le creuset contenant les materiaux et des billes d'acier selon 2 axes (plan). Les materiaux sont donc broyes differemment et l'objectif est de voir si les CNS produits ont les memes structures et proprietes. Lors de nos travaux nous avons ete confrontes a un probleme majeur. Nous n'arrivions pas a reproduire les CNS dont la methode de synthese a originellement ete developpee dans les laboratoires de l'Institut de recherche sur l'hydrogene (IRH). Nos echantillons presentaient toujours une grande quantite de carbure de fer au detriment de la formation de nanostructures de carbone. Apres plusieurs mois de recherche nous avons constate que les metaux de base, soit le fer et le cobalt, etaient contamines. Neanmoins, ces recherches nous ont enseigne beaucoup et les resultats sont presentes aux Appendices I a III. Le carbone de depart est du charbon active commercial (CNS201) qui a ete prealablement chauffe a 1,000°C sous vide pendant 90 minutes pour se debarrasser de toute humidite et autres impuretes. En premiere etape, dans un creuset d'acier durci du CNS201 pretraite fut melange a une certaine quantite de Fe et de Co (99.9 % purs). Des proportions typiques sont 50 pd. %, 44 pd. %, et 6 pd. % pour le C, le Fe, et le Co respectivement. Pour les echantillons prepares avec le broyeur SPEX, trois a six billes en acier durci furent utilisees pour le broyage, de masse relative echantillon/poudre de 35 a 1. Pour les echantillons prepares avec le broyeur planetaire, trente-six billes en acier durci furent utilisees pour le broyage, de masse relative echantillon/poudre de 10 a 1. L'hydrogene fut alors introduit dans le creuset pour les deux types de broyeur a une pression de 1.4 MPa, et l'echantillon fut broye pendant 12 h pour le SPEX et 24 h pour le planetaire. Le broyeur SPEX a un rendement de transfert d'energie mecanique plus grand qu'un broyeur planetaire, mais il a le desavantage de contaminer davantage l'echantillon en Fe par attrition. Cependant, ceci peut etre neglige vu que le Fe etait un des catalyseurs metalliques ajoutes au creuset. En deuxieme etape, l'echantillon broye est transfere sous gaz inerte (argon) dans un tube en quartz, qui est alors chauffe a 700°C pendant 90 minutes. Des mesures de patrons de diffraction a rayons-X sur poudre furent faites pour caracteriser les changements structurels des CNS lors des etapes de synthese. Ces mesures furent prises avec un diffractometre Bruker D8 FOCUS utilisant le rayonnement Cu Ka (lambda = 1.54054 A) et une geometrie T

Beig Agha, Rosa

393

Laser applications in phlebology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PURPOSE: review of laser used in phlebology METHOD: critical analysis of scientific data taken from the literature and based on 25 years personal experience. RESULTS: we have three groups of laser applications in phlebology: for the diagnosis, as physical therapy and as surgical therapy. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: the laser-doppler studies the microcirculations, the no-surgical therapy shown positive results in the treatment of venous ulcers and for the wound healing. It could be indicate also as antiphlogistic and anti-edema therapy, in superficial thrombophlebitis. The surgical laser is useful for the surgical cleaning of ulcers, for haemorroids, angiomas and telangiectases.

Longo, Leonardo; Mancini, S.; Postiglione, Marco; Postiglione, M. G.

2001-06-01

394

Prospective bonding applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adhesive bonding in industry and in the laboratory is surveyed and prospects for its wider utilization are assessed. The economic impact of bonding technology on industry is discussed. Research is reviewed, centering on the development of nondestructive testing and inspection techniques. Traditional (wood) as well as new materials susceptible to bonding are considered. Applications in construction and civil engineering, in aeronautics, and in the automobile industry are covered. The use of glues in mechanical constructions, in assembling cylindrical parts, and in metal-metal bonding are examined. Hybrid assembling and bonding of composite materials are included.

Ancenay, H.; Benazet, D.

1981-07-01

395

Ensemble Applications in Winter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson provides an introduction to ensemble forecast systems using an operational case study of the Blizzard of 2013 in Southern Ontario. The module uses models available to forecasters in the Meteorological Service of Canada, including Canadian and U.S. global and regional ensembles. After briefly discussing the rationale for ensemble forecasting, the module presents small lessons on probabilistic ensemble products useful in winter weather forecasting, immediately followed by forecast applications to a southern Ontario case. The learner makes forecasts for the Ontario Storm Prediction Center area and, in the short range, for the Toronto metropolitan area. An additional section applies a probabilistic aviation product to forecasts for Toronto Pearson International Airport.

Comet

2014-04-22

396

Multiprocessors - Architecture and applications  

SciTech Connect

New developments related partly to the increasing availability of high-performance, 32-bit microprocessors favor the design of high-performance computing systems made of high-volume, low-cost components. The present paper provides an evaluation of the state of the art regarding multiprocessing and indicates some major research problems which must be solved before VLSI multiprocessors and parallel processors will become commonplace. Attention is given to throughput-oriented multiprocessing, high-availability multiprocessing, response-oriented multiprocessing, parallel processing research problems, and future directions. Intrinsically parallel applications are considered along with parallel algorithms, parallel models of computation, parallel programming languages, and novel programming languages. 23 references.

Patton, P.C.

1985-06-01

397

Space applications instrumentation systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compendium of resumes of 158 instrument systems or experiments, of particular interest to space applications, is presented. Each resume exists in a standardized format, permitting entries for 26 administrative items and 39 scientific or engineering items. The resumes are organized into forty groups determined by the forty spacecraft with which the instruments are associated. The resumes are followed by six different cross indexes, each organized alphabetically according to one of the following catagories: instrument name, acronym, name of principal investigator, name of organization employing the principal investigator, assigned experiment number, and spacecraft name. The resumes are associated with a computerized instrument resume search and retrieval system.

Minzner, R. A.; Oberholtzer, J. D.

1972-01-01

398

Analog computer fundamentals & application  

E-print Network

TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY LIBRARY ANALOG COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS Rc APPLICATION A Technical RePort by R. N. PATE L submitted to PROD J. H. CADDESS In n art i a 1 fulf i lment of the requi. rements for the degree of MASTER OF ENGINEERING TEXAS A... 8c M UNIVERSITY MAY 1969 AB STRA C T The fundamental aspects of the Analog computer are described in the former part of the report, Then different uses of the variaus aspects of the Analog Computer are described. This information was gathered...

Patel, R.N

2012-06-07

399

Applications and safety data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of activities involving lithium batteries, which shows the various applications and data that were performed for numerous industry and government sponsors is presented. Brief discussions on electrochemical criteria selection, and typical storage and performance data obtained from three systems being developed are presented. Current safety work being done on high-rate, D, SO2 cells is also discussed. Three chemistries were developed and are discussed: lithium vanadium pentoxide, lithium sulfur dioxide, and lithium thionyl chloride. Storage, performance and safety data are graphically presented.

Berlangieri, N. J.

1978-01-01

400

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This column will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter the focus is on some experimental data on low voltage drop out regulators to support mixed 5 and 3.3 volt systems. A discussion of the Small Explorer WIRE spacecraft will also be given. Lastly, we show take a first look at robust state machines in Hardware Description Languages (VHDL) and their use in critical systems. If you have information that you would like to submit or an area you would like discussed or researched, please give me a call or e-mail.

Katz, Richard

1999-01-01

401

Subwavelength gratings and applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Ph. D thesis investigates the fabrication and applications of subwavelength gratings. The first objective of this study is aimed at finding low-cost, high throughput fabrication techniques that are capable of producing high-quality nano-scale gratings over a relatively large scale. The second objective is to explore the applications of nano-scale gratings in subwavelength optical elements (SOE), a new type of compact, highly efficient optical devices that are compatible with semiconductor device fabrication technologies and have the potential to be suitable for integration. This thesis is divided into 5 chapters. Chapter 1 is an introduction to the subject of gratings. A brief review of the evolution of different grating fabrication methods and applications is included in this chapter. Chapters 2, 3, and Chapter 4 of the thesis are devoted to the question of nano-scale grating fabrication. Technologies concerning the generation of high spatial-frequency periodic patterns over a large scale using interference lithography (IL) are covered in Chapter 2. The role of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as a low-cost replication tool for the production of nano-gratings is discussed in detail in Chapters 3 and 4. More specifically: Chapter 3 presents several NIL-based technologies that are used to overcome some of the limitations inherent with the interference lithography fabrication process; Chapter 4 presents a novel mask technology promising for the large-scale production of gratings by NIL. Finally, several applications of nano-scale gratings in subwavelength optical elements (SOE) are discussed in Chapter 5. Most of the SOE devices investigated in this study are based on the birefringence and the index-averaging effects of nano-gratings in the long-wavelength domain. A brief summary of the general theory 103--104 proposed by P.Yeh et al. concerning the optical properties of subwavelength gratings can be found in Appendix A. Since the orientation-dependent wet chemical etching of silicon was used extensively in this research, a relatively detailed discussion of this technique is also included in Appendix B of this dissertation.

Yu, Zhaoning

402

New drug applications sought.  

PubMed

Three drug companies have submitted applications to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for expanded labeling of their products, including Bristol-Myers Squibb's d4T (Stavudine), Abbott Laboratories' clarithromycin (Biaxin), and Chiron Corporations's ganciclovir (intraocular Vitrasert). Approvals are being sought for stavudine's use in HIV-positive adults with CD4 counts between 50 and 500 who have been treated with at least 24 months of zidovudine; Biaxin's use for prevention of Mycobacterium avium complex in patients with advanced HIV infection; and Chiron's method of treating CMV retinitis. PMID:11362777

1995-09-01

403

Industrial application experiment series  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two procurements within the Industrial Application Experiment Series of the Thermal Power Systems Project are discussed. The first procurement, initiated in April 1980, resulted in an award to the Applied Concepts Corporation for the Capital Concrete Experiment: two Fresnel concentrating collectors will be evaluated in single-unit installations at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Parabolic Dish Test Site and at Capitol Concrete Products, Topeka, Kansas. The second procurement, initiated in March 1981, is titled, "Thermal System Engineering Experiment B." The objective of the procurement is the rapid deployment of developed parabolic dish collectors.

Bluhm, S. A.

1981-05-01

404

Nonelectric Applications of Fusion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is the final report of a panel set up by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (FESAC) in response to a charge letter from Dr. James Decker, Acting Director of the DOE Office of Science. In that letter, Dr. Decker asked FESAC to consider "whether the Fusion Energy Sciences program should broaden its scope and activities to include non-electric applications of intermediate-term fusion devices." This report, submitted to FESAC July 31, 2003, and subsequently approved by them (Appendix B), presents FESAC's response to that charge.

McCarthy, Kathryn; Baker, Charles; Cheng, Edward; Kulcinski, Gerald; Logan, Grant; Miley, George; Perkins, John; Petti, Dave; Sheffield, John; Steiner, Don; Stacey, Weston; Waganer, Lester

2002-12-01

405

Graphene for terahertz applications  

E-print Network

Graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice. It was first obtained by exfoliation of graphite in 2004 and has since evolved into a thriving research topic because of its attractive mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties. Graphene's unique electrical properties derive from the relativistic nature of its quasiparticles, resulting in exceptionally high electron mobility. Graphene promises to revolutionize many applications, ranging from solar cells and light-emitting devices to touch screens, photodetectors, microwave transistors, and ultrafast lasers.

Tassin, Philippe; Soukoulis, Costas M

2014-01-01

406

Scholars program applications deadline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New York Academy of Sciences, in partnership with the U.S. Department of State and a consortium of nearly 40 women's colleges, has launched the NeXXt Scholars Program for the 2012ndash;2013 academic year. The program aims to “engage, connect, and advance young women from countries with predominantly Muslim populations and young American women to pursue undergraduate degrees in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields,” according to the academy. The academy will provide partnership, mentorship, and networking support for these scholars with a selected STEM mentor fellow. The deadline for applications is 10 August. For more information, see http://www.nyas.org/NexxtScholars.

Showstack, Randy

2012-07-01

407

Mechanics: Ideas, problems, applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The book contains the published articles and reports by academician Ishlinskii which deal with the concepts and ideas of modern mechanics, its role in providing a general understanding of the natural phenomena, and its applications to various problems in science and engineering. Attention is given to the methodological aspects of mechanics, to the history of the theories of plasticity, friction, gyroscopic and inertial systems, and inertial navigation, and to mathematical methods in mechanics. The book also contains essays on some famous scientists and engineers.

Ishlinskii, A. Iu.

408

NASA RFID Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph document reviews some potential uses for Radio Frequency Identification in space missions. One of these is inventory management in space, including the methods used in Apollo, the Space Shuttle, and Space Station. The potential RFID uses in a remote human outpost are reviewed. The use of Ultra-Wideband RFID for tracking are examined such as that used in Sapphire DART The advantages of RFID in passive, wireless sensors in NASA applications are shown such as: Micrometeoroid impact detection and Sensor measurements in environmental facilities The potential for E-textiles for wireless and RFID are also examined.

Fink, Patrick, Ph.D.; Kennedy, Timothy, Ph.D; Powers, Anne; Haridi, Yasser; Chu, Andrew; Lin, Greg; Yim, Hester; Byerly, Kent, Ph.D.; Barton, Richard, Ph.D.; Khayat, Michael, Ph.D.; Studor, George; Brocato, Robert; Ngo, Phong; Arndt, G. D., Ph.D.; Gross, Julia; Phan, Chau; Ni, David, Ph.D.; Dusl, John; Dekome, Kent

2007-01-01

409

Photocathodes in accelerator applications  

SciTech Connect

Some electron accelerator applications require bursts of short pulses at high microscopic repetition rates and high peak brightness. A photocathode, illuminated by a mode-locked laser, is well suited to filling this need. The intrinsic brightness of a photoemitter beam is high; experiments are under way at Los Alamos to study the brightness of short bunches with high space charge after acceleration. A laser-illuminated Cs/sub 3/Sb photoemitter is located in the first rf cavity of an injector linac. Diagnostics include a pepper-pot emittance analyzer, a magnetic spectrometer, and a streak camera.

Fraser, J.S.; Sheffield, R.L.; Gray, E.R.; Giles, P.M.; Springer, R.W.; Loebs, V.A.

1987-01-01

410

Direct application of geothermal energy  

SciTech Connect

An overall treatment of direct geothermal applications is presented with an emphasis on the above-ground engineering. The types of geothermal resources and their general extent in the US are described. The potential market that may be served with geothermal energy is considered briefly. The evaluation considerations, special design aspects, and application approaches for geothermal energy use in each of the applications are considered. The present applications in the US are summarized and a bibliography of recent studies and applications is provided. (MHR)

Reistad, G.M.

1980-01-01

411

Aerospace materials for nonaerospace applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many of the flame-resistant nonmetallic materials that were developed for the Apollo and Skylab programs are discussed for commercial and military applications. Interchanges of information are taking place with the government agencies, industries, and educational institutions, which are interested in applications of fire-safe nonmetallic materials. These materials are particularly applicable to the design of aircraft, mass transit interiors, residential and public building constructions, nursing homes and hospitals, and to other fields of fire safety applications. Figures 22, 23 and 24 show the potential nonaerospace applications of flame-resistant aerospace materials are shown.

Johnston, R. L.; Dawn, F. S.

1974-01-01

412

Fuel cell applications literature review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fuel cell applications literature is reviewed and evaluated. The purpose is to identify those applications that show promise. Over 40 computerized data bases were queried, and over 4000 abstracts were screened, resulting in the selection of over 600 pertinent documents that were entered into a fuel cell applications computerized data base. These documents were reviewed and evaluated. Fuel cells will need to be manufactured at low cost in order to compete against internal combustion engines for land transportation applications. Further study is recommended to evaluate fuel cell use in both fixed applications (industrial, institutional, and military) and mobile applications (marine, aircraft, space, and military land transportation). In addition to the recommendations of this report, a computerized data base of literature covering fuel cell uses and applications has been established and is available for use.

Nochumson, D. H.; Altseimer, J. H.; Williamson, K. D., Jr.; Frank, J. A.; Peaslee, A. T.; Martinez, A. J.; Stroup, C. A.

1985-03-01

413

Haloalkane dehalogenases: biotechnological applications.  

PubMed

Haloalkane dehalogenases (EC 3.8.1.5, HLDs) are ?/?-hydrolases which act to cleave carbon-halogen bonds. Due to their unique catalytic mechanism, broad substrate specificity and high robustness, the members of this enzyme family have been employed in several practical applications: (i) biocatalytic preparation of optically pure building-blocks for organic synthesis; (ii) recycling of by-products from chemical processes; (iii) bioremediation of toxic environmental pollutants; (iv) decontamination of warfare agents; (v) biosensing of environmental pollutants; and (vi) protein tagging for cell imaging and protein analysis. This review discusses the application of HLDs in the context of the biochemical properties of individual enzymes. Further extension of HLD uses within the field of biotechnology will require currently limiting factors - such as low expression, product inhibition, insufficient enzyme selectivity, low affinity and catalytic efficiency towards selected substrates, and instability in the presence of organic co-solvents - to be overcome. We propose that strategies based on protein engineering and isolation of novel HLDs from extremophilic microorganisms may offer solutions. PMID:22965918

Koudelakova, Tana; Bidmanova, Sarka; Dvorak, Pavel; Pavelka, Antonin; Chaloupkova, Radka; Prokop, Zbynek; Damborsky, Jiri

2013-01-01

414

Environmental Applications of Nanotechnology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are currently used in many applications including agriculture (Gruère, 2012; Khot et al. 2012; Lopez-Moreno et al. 2010; Peralta-Videa et al. 2011; Zhao et al. 2012), aerogels (Bigall et al. 2009), aerospace (Baur and Silverman, 2007), automotive (Coelho et al. 2012; Presting and König, 2003; Salonitis et al. 2010), catalysts (Zhou et al. 2011), coatings, paints and pigments (Dhoke et al. 2009; Gopalakrishnan et al. 2011; Khanna, 2008), composites (Borchardt, 2003; Khanna and Bakshi, 2009; Petrov and Georgiev, 2012; Sahoo et al. 2010), construction (Lee et al. 2010), cosmetics (Musee, 2011; Sabitha et al. 2012; Singh and Nanda, 2012), electronics and optics (Alda et al. 2005; Avasthi et al. 2007; Song et al. 2012; Subramanian and Takhee, 2012), energy (Serrano et al. 2009), environmental remediation (Dionysiou 2004; Khin et al. 2012), filtration and purification (Dhakras, 2011; Savage and Diallo, 2005), food products (Blasco and Picó, 2011; Weiss et al. 2006), medical (Boisseau and Loubaton, 2011; Farokhzad and Langer, 2006), packaging (Silvestre et al. 2011), paper and board (Kharisov and Kharissova, 2010), plastics, security (Marín and Merkoçi, 2012), sensors (Ding et al. 2010; Duncan et al. 2012; Su et al. 2012; Tan et al. 2012), and textiles (Qian and Hinestroza, 2004; Wong et al. 2006), and research is underway on many new applications...

Keller, Arturo A.

2014-07-01

415

Nanocontrollers for biomedical applications.  

PubMed

Several semiconductor companies now manufacture low cost single-chip microcontrollers in dual inline packages having twenty or fewer pins. The controllers are field programmable by means of inexpensive development boards linked to personal computers. These processors were designed with a minimalist philosophy which provide them with only a few dozen bytes of on-chip RAM, hundreds of bytes of PROM, a parallel port, a counter/timer, and reduced instruction sets. The better-equipped members of this class may have special on-chip hardware, such as analog-to-digital input, pulse-width modulation output and a serial port. Most must be programmed in assembler, although some support BASIC, "C" or other languages. Their tiny size, design simplicity and operational single-mindedness earn them the nickname "nanocontrollers". Despite meager resources, these controllers can be successfully employed in a variety of biomedical applications. Such uses include: consolidation of multi-chip "glue logic" circuitry; functioning as subsystem elements in complex designs; serving as device drivers or protocol converters; and forming the building blocks of hypercube processor arrays or artificial neural networks. This paper describes the general capabilities, special features, and some application examples of "nanocontroller" technology. PMID:8672686

Frenger, P

1996-01-01

416

Applications of Groundwater Helium  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Helium abundance and isotope variations have widespread application in groundwater-related studies. This stems from the inert nature of this noble gas and the fact that its two isotopes ? helium-3 and helium-4 ? have distinct origins and vary widely in different terrestrial reservoirs. These attributes allow He concentrations and 3He/4He isotope ratios to be used to recognize and quantify the influence of a number of potential contributors to the total He budget of a groundwater sample. These are atmospheric components, such as air-equilibrated and air-entrained He, as well as terrigenic components, including in situ (aquifer) He, deep crustal and/or mantle He and tritiogenic 3He. Each of these components can be exploited to reveal information on a number of topics, from groundwater chronology, through degassing of the Earth?s crust to the role of faults in the transfer of mantle-derived volatiles to the surface. In this review, we present a guide to how groundwater He is collected from aquifer systems and quantitatively measured in the laboratory. We then illustrate the approach of resolving the measured He characteristics into its component structures using assumptions of endmember compositions. This is followed by a discussion of the application of groundwater He to the types of topics mentioned above using case studies from aquifers in California and Australia. Finally, we present possible future research directions involving dissolved He in groundwater.

Kulongoski, Justin T.; Hilton, David R.

2011-01-01

417

Environmental applications for biosurfactants.  

PubMed

Biosurfactants are surfactants that are produced extracellularly or as part of the cell membrane by bacteria, yeasts and fungi. Examples include Pseudomonas aeruginosa which produces rhamnolipids, Candida (formerly Torulopsis) bombicola, one of the few yeasts to produce biosurfactants, which produces high yields of sophorolipids from vegetable oils and sugars and Bacillus subtilis which produces a lipopeptide called surfactin. This review includes environmental applications of these biosurfactants for soil and water treatment. Biosurfactant applications in the environmental industries are promising due to their biodegradability, low toxicity and effectiveness in enhancing biodegradation and solubilization of low solubility compounds. However, more information is needed to be able to predict and model their behaviour. Full scale tests will be required. The role of biosurfactants in natural attenuation processes has not been determined. Very little information is available concerning the influence of soil components on the remediation process with biosurfactants. As most of the research until now has been performed with rhamnolipids, other biosurfactants need to be investigated as they may have more promising properties. PMID:15519450

Mulligan, Catherine N

2005-01-01

418

Corrosion in bioprocessing applications.  

PubMed

Corrosion in bioprocessing applications is described for a 25-year-old bioprocessing pilot plant facility. Various available stainless steel alloys differ greatly in properties owing to the impact of specific alloying elements and their concentrations. The alloy property evaluated was corrosion resistance as a function of composition under typical bioprocessing conditions such as sterilization, fermentation, and cleaning. Several non-uniform forms of corrosion relevant to bioprocessing applications (e.g., pitting, crevice corrosion, intergranular attack) were investigated for their typical causes and effects, as well as alloy susceptibility. Next, the corrosion resistance of various alloys to specific bioprocessing-relevant sources of corrosion (e.g., medium components, acids/bases used for pH adjustment, organic acid by-products) was evaluated, along with the impact of temperature on corrosion progression. Best practices to minimize corrosion included considerations for fabrication (e.g., welding, heat treatments) and operational (e.g., sterilization, media component selection, cleaning) approaches. Assessments and repair strategies for observed corrosion events were developed and implemented, resulting in improved vessel and overall facility longevity. PMID:18512080

Junker, Beth

2009-01-01

419

Applications of avian transgenesis.  

PubMed

The ability to introduce foreign DNA into the genome of an organism has proven to be one of the most powerful tools in modern biology. Methods for the manipulation of the animal genome have been developed at an impressive pace for 3 decades, but only in the past 5 years have useful tools for avian transgenesis emerged. The most efficient technique involves the use of replication-deficient lentiviral vectors to deliver foreign DNA into the avian germline. Although lentiviral-mediated transgenesis presents some constraints, progress in this area has garnered interest in both industry and academia for its potential applications in biological research, biotechnology, and agriculture. In this review we evaluate methods for the production of transgenic birds, focusing on the advantages and limitations of lentiviral-mediated transgenesis. We also provide an overview of future applications of this technology. The most exciting of these include disease-resistant transgenic poultry, genetically modified hens that produce therapeutic proteins in their eggs, and transgenic songbirds that serve as a model to study communication disorders. Finally, we discuss technological advances that will be necessary to make avian transgenesis a more versatile tool. PMID:21131712

Scott, Benjamin B; Velho, Tarciso A; Sim, Shuyin; Lois, Carlos

2010-01-01

420

Novel oral laser applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In dental hard tissue ablation, ultra-short laser pulses have proven sufficiently their potential for material ablation with negligible collateral damage providing many advantages. The absence of micro-cracks and the possibility to avoid overheating of the pulp during dental cavity preparation may be among the most important issues, the latter opening up an avenue for potential painless treatment. Beside the evident short interaction time of laser radiation with the irradiated tissue, scanning of the ultra-short pulse trains turned out to be crucial for ablating cavities of required quality and shape. Additionally, long-pulsed laser systems have demonstrated successfully their suitability for decontamination purposes. In this paper, an overview of different indications for laser application in dental therapies in both pulse regimes is presented. A special focus is set on the decontamination of dental implants in periimplantitis therapy. Having employed commercially available long pulse systems for dental applications and ultra-short 330 fs pulses, we present first results for temperature development and corresponding ablation thresholds for dental implants, as in the future more gentle implant cleaning by ultra-short laser pulses could become of interest.

Yousif, A.; Strassl, M.; Beer, F.; Verhagen, L.; Wittschier, M.; Wintner, E.

2007-03-01

421

MPEG-7 applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MPEG-7 is a standard for describing audio-visual data. How are previous MPEG standards and applications different from this new MPEG-7 development activity? MPEG-1,2 were primarily standards for compressing audio-visual (AV) data; MPEG-4 was designed to allow manipulation of audio-visual data by converting AV composite data into AV objects that can be composed and accessed within an AV scene. MPEG-7, in fact, is a paradigm shift from the past, a pioneering work that aims to dramatically improve search and retrieval of information over the internet using the inherent semantic and structural features of AV data. It is a multi-disciplinary activity that needs an understanding of low-level structural AV data to high-level semantic meanings of AV data and how these data relate to each other. It leverages on the results of other data representation standards such as SMPTE and Dublin Core but focuses on rich and detailed descriptions of AV data. MPEG-7 compels us to examine and record how we query and browse for information. This paper highlights the nature and scope of the MPEG-7 standard and provides examples of applications and demos currently being developed throughout the world.

Day, Neil F.

2001-03-01

422

): laser processing and applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Substoichiometric silicon oxide SiOx with x < 2 in form of evaporated or sputtered thin films offers a versatile material basis for laser ablation techniques such as film patterning, laser-induced forward transfer, or laser-induced backside dry etching. Applications in the field of (micro-) optics are favoured strongly by the fact that SiOx can be oxidised to UV-transparent SiO2 by thermal treatment (furnace or laser annealing). On the other hand, with x ? 1, SiOx exhibits an absorption coefficient of >105 cm-1 in the deep UV below 250 nm, comparable to strongly absorbing polymers such as polyimide. This enables precise ablation with, e.g., excimer lasers at moderate fluences. For example, UV-transparent diffractive elements or phase masks are made by laser patterning of an appropriate SiOx film and subsequent oxidation to SiO2. Modifications of the basic film ablation process lead to novel surface topographies such as blister or cup arrays with potential non-optical applications, e.g., in micro-/nanofluidics.

Fricke-Begemann, T.; Meinertz, J.; Weichenhain-Schriever, R.; Ihlemann, J.

2014-10-01

423

Dynamic Reconfiguration of Application Logic During Application Migration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During migration of an application from a source to a target device, its application logic often has to be adapted to the new situation. The new situation can for instance be characterized by different hardware resources or a different usage context . Therefore, the application logic has to be adapted automatically to the new context in order to provide the most suitable behaviour before and after migration. We consider application logic that consists of components which interact with each other through well-defined interfaces. In order to adapt the behaviour of the application logic, components can be added, removed or replaced. In this chapter we introduce a concept which enables the dynamic reconfiguration of component-based applications based on context information during the migration process. Our concept enables a technology independent specification of adaptation behaviour. Furthermore, we support the specification of an application without referencing application components directly. In that way it is possible to integrate new components into applications that were not known during application development time.

Klus, Holger; Schindler, Björn; Rausch, Andreas

424

Applications of SLR  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) has a rich history of development which began in the 1960s with 10 meter-level first generation systems. These systems evolved with order of magnitude improvements to the systems that now produce several millimeter single shot range precisions. What began, in part, as an interesting application of the new laser technology has become an essential component of modern, precision space geodesy, which in turn enables contributions to a variety of science areas. Modern space geodesy is the beneficiary of technological developments which have enabled precision geodetic measurements. Aside from SLR and its closely related technique, Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR), Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) has made prominent science contributions also. In recent years, the Global Positioning System (GPS) has demonstrated a rapidly growing popularity as the result of demonstrated low cost with high precision instrumentation. Other modern techniques such as DORIS have demonstrated the ability to make significant science contributions; furthermore, PRARE can be expected to contribute in its own right. An appropriate question is 'why should several techniques be financially supported'? While there are several answers, I offer the opinion that, in consideration of the broad science areas that are the benefactors of space geodesy, no single technique can meet all the requirements and/or expectations of the science areas in which space geodesy contributes or has the potential for contributing. The more well-known science areas include plate tectonics, earthquake processes, Earth rotation/orientation, gravity (static and temporal), ocean circulation, land, and ice topography, to name a few applications. It is unfortunate that the modern space geodesy techniques are often viewed as competitive, but this view is usually encouraged by funding competition, especially in an era of growing needs but diminishing budgets. The techniques are, for the most part, complementary and the ability to reduce the data to geodetic parameters from several techniques promotes confidence in the geophysical interpretations. In the following sections, the current SLR applications are reviewed in the context of the other techniques. The strengths and limitations of SLR are reviewed and speculation about the future prospects are offered.

Schutz, Bob E.

1993-01-01

425

Clean Energy Application Center  

SciTech Connect

The Mid Atlantic Clean Energy Application Center (MACEAC), managed by The Penn State College of Engineering, serves the six states in the Mid-Atlantic region (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia) plus the District of Columbia. The goals of the Mid-Atlantic CEAC are to promote the adoption of Combined Heat and Power (CHP), Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) and District Energy Systems (DES) in the Mid Atlantic area through education and technical support to more than 1,200 regional industry and government representatives in the region. The successful promotion of these technologies by the MACEAC was accomplished through the following efforts; (1)The MACEAC developed a series of technology transfer networks with State energy and environmental offices, Association of Energy Engineers local chapters, local community development organizations, utilities and, Penn State Department of Architectural Engineering alumni and their firms to effectively educate local practitioners about the energy utilization, environmental and economic advantages of CHP, WHR and DES; (2) Completed assessments of the regional technical and market potential for CHP, WHR and DE technologies application in the context of state specific energy prices, state energy and efficiency portfolio development. The studies were completed for Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland and included a set of incentive adoption probability models used as a to guide during implementation discussions with State energy policy makers; (3) Using the technical and market assessments and adoption incentive models, the Mid Atlantic CEAC developed regional strategic action plans for the promotion of CHP Application technology for Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland; (4) The CHP market assessment and incentive adoption model information was discussed, on a continuing basis, with relevant state agencies, policy makers and Public Utility Commission organizations resulting in CHP favorable incentive programs in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware; (5) Developed and maintained a MACEAC website to provide technical information and regional CHP, WHR and DE case studies and site profiles for use by interested stakeholders in information transfer and policy discussions; (6) Provided Technical Assistance through feasibility studies and on site evaluations. The MACEAC completed 28 technical evaluations and 9 Level 1 CHP analyses ; and (7) the MACEAC provided Technical Education to the region through a series of 29 workshops and webinars, 37 technical presentations, 14 seminars and participation in 13 CHP conferences.

Freihaut, Jim

2013-09-30

426

ICE SLURRY APPLICATIONS.  

PubMed

The role of secondary refrigerants is expected to grow as the focus on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions increases. The effectiveness of secondary refrigerants can be improved when phase changing media are introduced in place of single phase media. Operating at temperatures below the freezing point of water, ice slurry facilitates several efficiency improvements such as reductions in pumping energy consumption as well as lowering the required temperature difference in heat exchangers due to the beneficial thermo-physical properties of ice slurry. Research has shown that ice slurry can be engineered to have ideal ice particle characteristics so that it can be easily stored in tanks without agglomeration and then be extractable for pumping at very high ice fraction without plugging. In addition ice slurry can be used in many direct contact food and medical protective cooling applications. This paper provides an overview of the latest developments in ice slurry technology. PMID:21528014

Kauffeld, M; Wang, M J; Goldstein, V; Kasza, K E

2010-12-01

427

ICE SLURRY APPLICATIONS  

PubMed Central

The role of secondary refrigerants is expected to grow as the focus on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions increases. The effectiveness of secondary refrigerants can be improved when phase changing media are introduced in place of single phase media. Operating at temperatures below the freezing point of water, ice slurry facilitates several efficiency improvements such as reductions in pumping energy consumption as well as lowering the required temperature difference in heat exchangers due to the beneficial thermo-physical properties of ice slurry. Research has shown that ice slurry can be engineered to have ideal ice particle characteristics so that it can be easily stored in tanks without agglomeration and then be extractable for pumping at very high ice fraction without plugging. In addition ice slurry can be used in many direct contact food and medical protective cooling applications. This paper provides an overview of the latest developments in ice slurry technology. PMID:21528014

Kauffeld, M.; WANG, M. J.; Goldstein, V.; Kasza, K. E.

2011-01-01

428

Stimulus Application? Not Me  

SciTech Connect

I am afraid the situation with respect to the Challenge Grants will be similar in that only a small fraction of the expected deluge of grants will be funded. NIH has provided a very specific list of over 60 topics and a simple calculation shows that only a couple of grants will be funded per topic. Science magazine quotes the Vice Chancellor for Research at the University of California, Irvine as saying that her campus will be submitting “over 200” Challenge Grants. My discussions with friends from other universities suggest that this is a typical response. Even if this is an overestimate by a factor of 2, this would still translate to many thousands of applications flooding into the NIH, putting the payline well below the 4% that I experienced from the DoD. As was the case with the Army grants, I suspect that if the topics are not addressed exactly, grants will not stand a chance.

Wiley, H. S.

2009-06-01

429

Airborne bistatic radar applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applications of bistatic radar when one or both of the units are airborne are discussed. Scenarios that merit deeper consideration are covert strike and head-on SAR using a stand-off illuminator, either airborne or space-based; area air defense with passive ground-based receivers and stand-off illuminators; an airborne picket line to detect stealth aircraft and missiles; AWACS aircraft providing mutual support in ECM environments; and passive surveillance of hostile air space using illuminators of opportunity and an airborne receiver. Scenarios considered impractical are bistatic air-to-air missile guidance using an aircraft other than the launch aircraft as illuminator; passive interdiction using illuminators of opportunity; and scenarios involving a ground based illuminator and an aircraft as the receiver.

Foster, James A.

1987-09-01

430

Biotechnological Applications of Transglutaminases  

PubMed Central

In nature, transglutaminases catalyze the formation of amide bonds between proteins to form insoluble protein aggregates. This specific function has long been exploited in the food and textile industries as a protein cross-linking agent to alter the texture of meat, wool, and leather. In recent years, biotechnological applications of transglutaminases have come to light in areas ranging from material sciences to medicine. There has also been a substantial effort to further investigate the fundamentals of transglutaminases, as many of their characteristics that remain poorly understood. Those studies also work towards the goal of developing transglutaminases as more efficient catalysts. Progress in this area includes structural information and novel chemical and biological assays. Here, we review recent achievements in this area in order to illustrate the versatility of transglutaminases. PMID:24970194

Rachel, Natalie M.; Pelletier, Joelle N.

2013-01-01

431

Clinical application of prokinetics.  

PubMed

Intestinal stasis or ileus is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in horses and has been attributed to a variety of causes, including loss of intrinsic or extrinsic electrical activity, incoordination of contractile activity from regional stimuli, and dissociation between electrical and mechanical activity. Proposed mechanisms include systemic shock, electrolyte disturbances, persistent luminal distention, ischemia, inflammation, peritonitis, endotoxemia, and anesthesia. Because the cause of ileus is likely multifactorial, a variety of pharmaceutics have been used to target specific causes. Prokinetics are defined as agents that facilitate or enhance the net movement of feed material down the length of the intestinal tract and do not simply produce an uncoordinated increase in local contractile activity. The primary objective of pharmaceutic intervention is to augment the pathways that stimulate motility or attenuate the inhibitory neurons that predominantly suppress activity. The objective of this article is to summarize the actions of prokinetic agents available and suggest clinical applications. PMID:14740766

Van Hoogmoed, Linda M

2003-12-01

432

KAPPA -- Kernel Application Package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KAPPA is an applications package comprising about 180 general-purpose commands for image processing, data visualisation, and manipulation of the standard Starlink data format---the NDF. It is intended to work in conjunction with Starlink's various specialised packages. In addition to the NDF, KAPPA can also process data in other formats by using the `on-the-fly' conversion scheme. Many commands can process data arrays of arbitrary dimension, and others work on both spectra and images. KAPPA operates from both the UNIX C-shell and the ICL command language. This document describes how to use KAPPA and its features. There is some description of techniques too, including a section on writing scripts. This document includes several tutorials and is illustrated with numerous examples. The bulk of this document comprises detailed descriptions of each command as well as classified and alphabetical summaries.

Currie, Malcolm J.; Berry, David. S.

433

Electrodes for microfluidic applications  

DOEpatents

An electrode device for high pressure applications. These electrodes, designed to withstand pressure of greater than 10,000 psi, are adapted for use in microfluidic devices that employ electrokinetic or electrophoretic flow. The electrode is composed, generally, of an outer electrically insulating tubular body having a porous ceramic frit material disposed in one end of the outer body. The pores of the porous ceramic material are filled with an ion conductive polymer resin. A conductive material situated on the upper surface of the porous ceramic frit material and, thus isolated from direct contact with the electrolyte, forms a gas diffusion electrode. A metal current collector, in contact with the gas diffusion electrode, provides connection to a voltage source.

Crocker, Robert W. (Fremont, CA); Harnett, Cindy K. (Livermore, CA); Rognlien, Judith L. (Livermore, CA)

2006-08-22

434

[Skeleton extractions and applications].  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the extraction of skeletons of CAD models and its applications in finite element (FE) mesh generation. The term 'skeleton of a CAD model' can be visualized as analogous to the 'skeleton of a human body'. The skeletal representations covered in this paper include medial axis transform (MAT), Voronoi diagram (VD), chordal axis transform (CAT), mid surface, digital skeletons, and disconnected skeletons. In the literature, the properties of a skeleton have been utilized in developing various algorithms for extracting skeletons. Three main approaches include: (1) the bisection method where the skeleton exists at equidistant from at least two points on boundary, (2) the grassfire propagation method in which the skeleton exists where the opposing fronts meet, and (3) the duality method where the skeleton is a dual of the object. In the last decade, the author has applied different skeletal representations in all-quad meshing, hex meshing, mid-surface meshing, mesh size function generation, defeaturing, and decomposition. A brief discussion on the related work from other researchers in the area of tri meshing, tet meshing, and anisotropic meshing is also included. This paper concludes by summarizing the strengths and weaknesses of the skeleton-based approaches in solving various geometry-centered problems in FE mesh generation. The skeletons have proved to be a great shape abstraction tool in analyzing the geometric complexity of CAD models as they are symmetric, simpler (reduced dimension), and provide local thickness information. However, skeletons generally require some cleanup, and stability and sensitivity of the skeletons should be controlled during extraction. Also, selecting a suitable application-specific skeleton and a computationally efficient method of extraction is critical.

Quadros, William Roshan

2010-05-01

435

CHINESE GOVERNMENT SCHOLARSHIPS Call for Applications  

E-print Network

CHINESE GOVERNMENT SCHOLARSHIPS Call for Applications Subject Line Confucius Institute. Applicants must complete an online application AND submit 2 Government Scholarship application procedures, please see: http://en.csc.edu.cn/Laihua/47f2aff19

Oregon, University of

436

USAF solar thermal applications overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Process heat applications were compared to solar thermal technologies. The generic process heat applications were analyzed for solar thermal technology utilization, using SERI's PROSYS/ECONOMAT model in an end use matching analysis and a separate analysis was made for solar ponds. Solar technologies appear attractive in a large number of applications. Low temperature applications at sites with high insolation and high fuel costs were found to be most attractive. No one solar thermal technology emerges as a clearly universal or preferred technology, however,, solar ponds offer a potential high payoff in a few, selected applications. It was shown that troughs and flat plate systems are cost effective in a large number of applications.

Hauger, J. S.; Simpson, J. A.

1981-01-01

437

25 CFR 23.33 - Competitive off-reservation application contents and application selection criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...off-reservation application contents and application selection criteria...off-reservation application contents and application selection criteria...shall certify the application contents pursuant to § 23.34...existing Federal, state, or local child and family service...

2010-04-01

438

37 CFR 1.163 - Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application. 1.163 ...Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application. ...the plant was discovered. (b) The elements of the plant application, if...

2011-07-01

439

37 CFR 1.154 - Arrangement of application elements in a design application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements in a design application. 1.154 Section... § 1.154 Arrangement of application elements in a design application. (a) The elements of the design application, if...

2012-07-01

440

37 CFR 1.154 - Arrangement of application elements in a design application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements in a design application. 1.154 Section... § 1.154 Arrangement of application elements in a design application. (a) The elements of the design application, if...

2010-07-01

441

37 CFR 1.163 - Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application. 1.163 ...Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application. ...the plant was discovered. (b) The elements of the plant application, if...

2012-07-01

442

37 CFR 1.154 - Arrangement of application elements in a design application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements in a design application. 1.154 Section... § 1.154 Arrangement of application elements in a design application. (a) The elements of the design application, if...

2013-07-01

443

37 CFR 1.163 - Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application. 1.163 ...Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application. ...the plant was discovered. (b) The elements of the plant application, if...

2013-07-01

444

37 CFR 1.154 - Arrangement of application elements in a design application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Arrangement of application elements in a design application. 1.154 Section... § 1.154 Arrangement of application elements in a design application. (a) The elements of the design application, if...

2011-07-01

445

Web Application Orchestration Using Excel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Form-based Web applications described in HTML can be easily used by end-users. In order to enable end-users to define a series of tasks by combining multiple Web resources, it is necessary to provide an orchestration environment for Web applications. A spreadsheet is one of the most popular applications for office workers. It provides an end- user programming environment. In this

Jun Fujima; Shohei Yoshihara; Yuzuru Tanaka

2007-01-01

446

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOEpatents

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

Wheat, S.R.

1997-05-13

447

IVHS applications of smart cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The smart card, which is commonly understood to be an integrated circuit-based, credit card-sized portable data carrier, is fast becoming a preferred medium for present and future Intelligent Vehicle\\/Highway System (IVHS) applications. Its compact size and computer functionality make it appealing for driver information, fleet management, and traffic management applications. Smart Cards are currently used in an IVHS application, namely,

M. R. Komanecky; D. M. Claus

1991-01-01

448

New York Times Physics Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author has collected 35 years of condensed articles from the New York Times that have physics applications. He added physics questions to the article and posted it online for students to answer. He used them for extra credit projects, quiz or test questions. The collection is made of five web pages with about 30 applications and questions per page. The applications are mostly in mechanics, heat and waves.

Cise, John P.

2008-07-22

449

Space vehicle gyroscope sensor applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Considerations which form the basis for the specification, design and evaluation of gyroscopes for spaceborne sensor applications are presented. The applications are distinguished by basic vehicle category: launch vehicles, spacecraft, entry vehicles and sounding rockets. Specifically excluded from discussion are gyroscope effector applications. Exotic or unconventional gyroscopes for which operational experience is nonexistent are mentioned only briefly to alert the reader of future trends. General requirements for testing and evaluation are discussed.

1972-01-01

450

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOEpatents

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01

451

Porous microsphere and its applications  

PubMed Central

Porous microspheres have drawn great attention in the last two decades for their potential applications in many fields, such as carriers for drugs, absorption and desorption of substances, pulmonary drug delivery, and tissue regeneration. The application of porous microspheres has become a feasible way to address existing problems. In this essay, we give a brief introduction of the porous microsphere, its characteristics, preparation methods, applications, and a brief summary of existing problems and research tendencies. PMID:23515359

Cai, Yunpeng; Chen, Yinghui; Hong, Xiaoyun; Liu, Zhenguo; Yuan, Weien

2013-01-01

452

Student Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board Application 1. Organization Name  

E-print Network

Student Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board Application 1. Organization Name 2. Student Funding Board Contact 3. Constitution 66 #12;Student Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board ApplicationStudent Funding Board

Wolfe, Patrick J.

453

Enabling network-aware applications  

SciTech Connect

Many high performance distributed applications use only a small fraction of their available bandwidth. A common cause of this problem is not a flaw in the application design, but rather improperly tuned network settings. Proper tuning techniques, such as setting the correct TCP buffers and using parallel streams, are well known in the networking community, but outside the networking community they are infrequently applied. In this paper, we describe a service that makes the task of network tuning trivial for application developers and users. Widespread use of this service should virtually eliminate a common stumbling block for high performance distributed applications.

Tierney, Brian L.; Gunter, Dan; Lee, Jason; Stouffer, Martin

2001-08-01

454

Applicable Algebraic Geometry: Real Solutions, Applications, and Combinatorics  

Microsoft Academic Search

While algebraic geometry is concerned with basic questions about solutions to equa- tions, its value to other disciplines is through concrete objects and computational tools, as applications require knowledge of specific geometric objects and explicit, often real- number, solutions. Modern tools from computational algebraic geometry have great po- tential in applications, but their use requires a concerted effort to transfer

Frank Sottile

455

OSU Bioenergy Scholarship Application Application Deadline: Feb. 1, 2013  

E-print Network

OSU Bioenergy Scholarship Application Application Deadline: Feb. 1, 2013 Bioenergy Scholarship recipients must enroll and participate in the new interdisciplinary Bioenergy Minor (http://agsci.oregonstate.edu/bioenergy/), or enroll in the Bioproducts and Bioenergy Option of the BRR major (http

Tullos, Desiree

456

Mining ApplicAtionS And technologieS  

E-print Network

Mining ApplicAtionS And technologieS College of Rural and Community Development Community for Certificate: 31 or 37 credits This program prepares students for employment in the mining technol- ogy with exploration, mining, environmental and consulting companies. Holders of this certificate will be trained

Hartman, Chris

457

Nanoparticles forNanoparticles for Pharmaceutical ApplicationsPharmaceutical Applications  

E-print Network

1 Nanoparticles forNanoparticles for Pharmaceutical ApplicationsPharmaceutical Applications Robert--soluble drugssoluble drugs 40% of pharmaceutical drugs in development40% of pharmaceutical drugs in development engineering 4 Solution: delivery system for PWS drugsSolution: delivery system for PWS drugs Melt extrusion

Lightsey, Glenn

458

Parylene for MEMS applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this thesis is to utilize Parylene, a room-temperature chemical-vapor-deposited (CVD) polymer, for MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) applications. The identified unique properties of Parylene are used to fabricate various micromachining devices such as thermopneumatic microvalve, in-channel microflow restrictor, and electret microphones. First, the properties of Parylene as a MEMS material are reviewed. The electrical, thermal, surface, and mechanical properties are first compared with that of other materials and further studied specifically for MEMS applications. The high dielectric strength (determined as 250V/mum) of Parylene makes it suitable for use as an electrical insulation material. However, its high resistivity causes un-desired charging effects first described in polymer-based electrostatic devices. The undesired high pull-in voltage, "bounce-back," and "snap-down" effects caused by dielectric charging are studied. Second, to make Parylene as a surface-micromachined material, a process that overcomes the stiction problem has to be developed. Thus, a new technique that combines wet-acetone dissolution and dry BrF3 dry etching has developed to overcome the stiction problem, which prevents Parylene microstructures from freestanding. The devices of mm*mm size with high yield are demonstrated using this technology. A thermopneumatic microvalve with a corrugated silicone/Parylene composite membrane is designed, fabricated, and tested for gas flows of several slpm and inlet pressures of tens of psi. The lowest power consumption to turn off the gas flow is determined to be 73mW. A silicone-based microfluidic coupler, initially designed for microvalve packaging, is also demonstrated for its ability to connect the external macrofluidic world to microfluidic devices. The demonstrated "quick-connect" microfluidic coupler has low leakage, is reusable, and can maintain good seal up to 60 psi. An in-channel microflow restrictor is also demonstrated with freestanding Parylene integration technology. The demonstrated restrictor can modulate flow at several tens of nl/min range with inlet pressures of several psi. The restrictor, although AC-actuated, can modulate the flow up to 50%. Finally, an electret microphone with thin-film Teflon AF is demonstrated. Parylene is shown to enhance the rigidity and yield of the microphone back plate. The demonstrated electret microphone has an open sensitivity of up to 45mV/Pa with a bandwidth of up to 10KHz.

Yao, Tze-Jung

459

De l'importance des orbites periodiques: Detection et applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'ensemble des Orbites Periodiques Instables (OPIs) d'un systeme chaotique est intimement relie a ses proprietes dynamiques. A partir de l'ensemble (en principe infini) d'OPIs cachees dans l'espace des phases, on peut obtenir des quantites dynamiques importantes telles les exposants de Lyapunov, la mesure invariante, l'entropie topologique et la dimension fractale. En chaos quantique (i.e. l'etude de systemes quantiques qui ont un equivalent chaotique dans la limite classique), ces memes OPIs permettent de faire le pont entre le comportement classique et quantique de systemes non-integrables. La localisation de ces cycles fondamentaux est un probleme complexe. Cette these aborde dans un premier temps le probleme de la detection des OPIs dans les systemes chaotiques. Une etude comparative de deux algorithmes recents est presentee. Nous approfondissons ces deux methodes afin de les utiliser sur differents systemes dont des flots continus dissipatifs et conservatifs. Une analyse du taux de convergence des algorithmes est aussi realisee afin de degager les forces et les limites de ces schemes numeriques. Les methodes de detection que nous utilisons reposent sur une transformation particuliere de la dynamique initiale. Cette astuce nous a inspire une methode alternative pour cibler et stabiliser une orbite periodique quelconque dans un systeme chaotique. Le ciblage est en general combine aux methodes de controle pour stabiliser rapidement un cycle donne. En general, il faut connaitre la position et la stabilite du cycle en question. La nouvelle methode de ciblage que nous presentons ne demande pas de connaitre a priori la position et la stabilite des orbites periodiques. Elle pourrait etre un outil complementaire aux methodes de ciblage et de controle actuelles.

Doyon, Bernard

460

Applications for Subvocal Speech  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A research and development effort now underway is directed toward the use of subvocal speech for communication in settings in which (1) acoustic noise could interfere excessively with ordinary vocal communication and/or (2) acoustic silence or secrecy of communication is required. By "subvocal speech" is meant sub-audible electromyographic (EMG) signals, associated with speech, that are acquired from the surface of the larynx and lingual areas of the throat. Topics addressed in this effort include recognition of the sub-vocal EMG signals that represent specific original words or phrases; transformation (including encoding and/or enciphering) of the signals into forms that are less vulnerable to distortion, degradation, and/or interception; and reconstruction of the original words or phrases at the receiving end of a communication link. Potential applications include ordinary verbal communications among hazardous- material-cleanup workers in protective suits, workers in noisy environments, divers, and firefighters, and secret communications among law-enforcement officers and military personnel in combat and other confrontational situations.

Jorgensen, Charles; Betts, Bradley

2007-01-01

461

Applications of quantum cloning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum Cloning Machines (QCMs) allow for the copying of information, within the limits imposed by quantum mechanics. These devices are particularly interesting in the high-gain regime, i.e., when one input qubit generates a state of many output qubits. In this regime, they allow for the study of certain aspects of the quantum to classical transition. The understanding of these aspects is the root of the two recent applications that we will review in this paper: the first one is the Quantum Cloning Radiometer, a device which is able to produce an absolute measure of spectral radiance. This device exploits the fact that in the quantum regime information can be copied with only finite fidelity, whereas when a state becomes macroscopic, this fidelity gradually increases to 1. Measuring the fidelity of the cloning operation then allows to precisely determine the absolute spectral radiance of the input optical source. We will then discuss whether a Quantum Cloning Machine could be used to produce a state visible by the naked human eye, and the possibility of a Bell Experiment with humans playing the role of detectors.

Pomarico, E.; Sanguinetti, B.; Sekatski, P.; Zbinden, H.; Gisin, N.

2011-10-01

462

Industrial applications of HIPIMS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of reliable HIPIMS power supplies has reached a satisfactory level. Furthermore conventional magnetron cathodes can be used in connection with HIPIMS power supplies. Therefore HIPIMS equipped PVD coating systems can be designed with sufficient reliability. Using HIPIMS cathodes furnished with high purity WC targets in vacuo substrate pre-treatment has been developed allowing the deposition of well adherent W-DLC and C-DLC coatings on steel substrates with only one interlayer namely HIPIMS deposited WC or HIPIMS and UBM simultaneously deposited WC. Sufficient adhesion (Rockwell adhesion class 1-2) has been achieved for C-DLC coatings with hardness values up to HUpl 60 GPa. The process has been verified in commercial PVD equipment with large scale cathodes up to 1 m in length. CR2N and CrN have been deposited in a commercial multi-cathode PVD equipment using HIPIMS again. Both coatings show hardness values of HUpl >30 GPa. Cr2N seems to be superior in sliding wear applications whereas CrN dominates in case of abrasive wear. HIPIMS CrN outperforms UBM CrN and Arc CrN in both sliding and abrasive wear situations.

Münz, W.-D.; Schenkel, M.; Kunkel, S.; Paulitsch, J.; Bewilogua, K.

2008-03-01

463

Streamers and their applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this invited lecture we give an overview of our 15 years of experience on streamer plasma research. Efforts are directed to integrating the competence areas of plasma physics, pulsed power technology and chemical processing. The current status is the development of a large scale pulsed corona system for gas treatment. Applications on biogas conditioning, VOC removal, odor abatement and control of traffic emissions have been demonstrated. Detailed research on electrical and chemical processes resulted in a boost of efficiencies. Energy transfer efficiency to the plasma was raised to above 90%. Simultaneous improvement of the plasma chemistry resulted in a highly efficient radical generation: O-radical production up to 50% of the theoretical maximum has been achieved. A major challenge in pulsed power driven streamers is to unravel, understand and ultimately control the complex interactions between the transient plasma, electrical circuits, and process. Even more a challenge is to yield electron energies that fit activation energies of the process. We will discuss our ideas on adjusting pulsed power waveforms and plasma reactor settings to obtain more controlled catalytic processing: the ``Chemical Transistor'' concept.[4pt] Work done in collaboration with E.J.M. van Heesch, W.F.L.M. Hoeben, S.J. Voeten, T. Huiskamp, J. Zhang, and F.J.C.M. Beckers (now with Oranjewoud/HMVT, Ede, The Netherlands), Eindhoven University of Technology; and the Electrical Energy Systems Team.

Pemen, A. J. M.

2011-11-01

464

Applications of chiral symmetry  

SciTech Connect

The author discusses several topics in the applications of chiral symmetry at nonzero temperature. First, where does the rho go? The answer: up. The restoration of chiral symmetry at a temperature T{sub {chi}} implies that the {rho} and a{sub 1} vector mesons are degenerate in mass. In a gauged linear sigma model the {rho} mass increases with temperature, m{sub {rho}}(T{sub {chi}}) > m{sub {rho}}(0). The author conjectures that at T{sub {chi}} the thermal {rho} - a{sub 1}, peak is relatively high, at about {approximately}1 GeV, with a width approximately that at zero temperature (up to standard kinematic factors). The {omega} meson also increases in mass, nearly degenerate with the {rho}, but its width grows dramatically with temperature, increasing to at least {approximately}100 MeV by T{sub {chi}}. The author also stresses how utterly remarkable the principle of vector meson dominance is, when viewed from the modern perspective of the renormalization group. Secondly, he discusses the possible appearance of disoriented chiral condensates from {open_quotes}quenched{close_quotes} heavy ion collisions. It appears difficult to obtain large domains of disoriented chiral condensates in the standard two flavor model. This leads to the last topic, which is the phase diagram for QCD with three flavors, and its proximity to the chiral critical point. QCD may be very near this chiral critical point, and one might thereby generated large domains of disoriented chiral condensates.

Pisarski, R.D.

1995-03-01

465

PEM Fuel Cell Stack Modeling for Real-Time Emulation in Hardware-in-the-Loop Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a multiphysical proton exchange mem- brane fuel cell stack model, which is suitable for real-time em- ulation is presented. The model covers three physical domains: electrical, fluidic, and thermal. A Ballard 1.2 kW 47 cells fuel cell stack model is introduced. The corresponding fuel cell system aux- iliary models are given based on experimental tests. Based on

Fei Gao; Benjamin Blunier; Marcelo Godoy Simoes; Abdellatif Miraoui

2011-01-01

466

Autonomous Navigation for Airborne Applications  

E-print Network

of inertial navigation techniques are required in order to allow for prediction of state information, whichAutonomous Navigation for Airborne Applications Jonghyuk Kim A thesis submitted in fulfillment Navigation for Airborne Applications Autonomous navigation (or localisation) is the process of determining

Kim, Jonghyuk "Jon"

467

Student Use of Applications Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report studies the learning and use of computer applications programs--i.e., word processing programs, database management programs, and spreadsheets--in elementary and secondary school computer literacy courses. This study was designed to identify teachers' pedagogical assumptions and expectations underlying the use of applications software…

Lockheed, Marlaine E.; And Others

468

Remote Evaluation of Mobile Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a method and a supporting environment that allows remote evaluation of mobile applications. Various modules have been developed in order to gather contextual data about the usage of such applications in different environments. In addition, issues related to how to visualise usability data have been addressed in order to support the designers' work in analysing

Fabio Paternò; Andrea Russino; Carmen Santoro

2007-01-01

469

Grant Application Package CFDA Number  

E-print Network

the correct Federal funding opportunity, download its application and then apply. APPLICANT INFORMATION Organizational DUNS: Legal Name: Department: Division: Street1: Street2: City: State Country: Position/Title: Province: County / Parish: State: City: Street2: Street1: ZIP / Postal Code

Kroll, Kristen L.

470

Practical Applications of Space Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report gives an overview of a study conducted by the Space Applications Board (SAB) on the practical applications of space systems. In this study, the SAB considered how the nation's space capability might be used to solve problems such as the shortage of food and energy; the improvement of the physical environment; inventorying and…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Engineering.

471

Novel Applications of Ultrafast Laser  

E-print Network

of fiber laser technology coupled to automated phase optimization for biomedical applications21 Novel Applications of Ultrafast Laser Spectroscopy Professor of chemistry and Adjunct Professor LASER PULSESare considered photonic reagents that can be used to study and control chemistry by our

Dantus, Marcos

472

Applications of high temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

The applications of high temperature superconductors to technologies of interest to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are discussed. They include high field, large bore magnets, motors and generators, magnetic fusion, inductive energy storage, rf accelerators, computers, transmission lines, and sensors. Basic principles of superconductivity and the special properties (and limitations) of high temperature superconductors that make them attractive for technology applications are described.

Holzrichter, J.F.; Struble, G.L.; McMahan, A.K.; Mapoles, E.R.; Fluss, M.J.; Kaufmann, E.N.; Winter, N.W.; Summers, L.J.; Moir, R.W.; Tuckerman, D.B.; Shay, H.D.; Darling, D.H.; Neil, G.R.

1987-01-09

473

Methods and Applications Rastislav Lukac  

E-print Network

images or, more generally, processing multichannel images, such as satellite images, color filter arrayCOLOR IMAGE PROCESSING Methods and Applications Edited by Rastislav Lukac Konstantinos N of techniques and the range of applications of image processing. However, the area of color image processing

Plataniotis, Konstantinos N.

474

SOE Application for Admission Instructions  

E-print Network

SOE Application for Admission Instructions Thank you for your interest in the Johns Hopkins University School of Education (SOE). We are pleased that you are considering the SOE and welcome your after you have submitted your online application, please contact us at 410-516-9797 or by email at soe

Niebur, Ernst

475

Microwave applicators for BPH thermotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Paper deals with new results in the field of intracavitary microwave applicators used for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) treatment. We demonstrate here that it is necessary to use more sophisticated applicators than a simple monopole radiating structure. One of the good possibilities for safe and efficient treatments we propose here is a helix structure.

Vrba, Jan; Hlavac, R.; Herza, Jan; Chovanec, Roman; Cvek, Jakub; Oppl, L.

2004-04-01

476

ALL APPLICANTS The application form should be completed carefully by all applicants (except international applicants who must use a different  

E-print Network

international applicants who must use a different application) seeking admission to any undergraduate program ARE LISTED ABOVE, REGISTRATION FOR NEW STUDENTS OCCURS MUCH EARLIER. FOR EXAMPLE, FALL NEW STUDENTS REGISTER forwarded to the office. You must submit scores earned on the ACT or SAT examination for consideration

Dasgupta, Dipankar

477

PESTICIDE APPLICATOR CERTIFICATION MANUALS INSTRUCTIONS  

E-print Network

ORDER FORM PESTICIDE APPLICATOR CERTIFICATION MANUALS INSTRUCTIONS: All certified applicators $ Manuals are sent at a book rate (3rd Class). Allow 5 to 7 days for delivery. Please contact the Pesticide supervises the use of any restricted use pesticide for purposes of producing any agricultural commodity

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

478

Detecting Clones in Business Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A business application automates a collection of business processes. A business process describes how a set of logically related tasks are executed, ordered and managed by following business rules to achieve business objectives. An online bookstore business application contains several tasks such as buying a book, ordering a book, and sending out promotions. Business analysts specify business tasks and software

Jin Guo; Ying Zou

2008-01-01

479

Work Teams: Applications and Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores applications of work teams and proposes an analytic framework for team effectiveness. Presents the following applications: (1) advice and involvement; (2) production and service; (3) projects and development; and (4) action and negotiation. Depicts team effectiveness as interdependent with organizational context, boundaries, and team…

Sundstrom, Eric; And Others

1990-01-01

480

APPLICATION CM CARES PROJECT REQUEST  

E-print Network

2015. Mission Statement The Department of Construction Management CM CARES PROGRAM is a service-learning Program through CM-related community service projects that allow students to apply classroom skillsAPPLICATION CM CARES PROJECT REQUEST Application must be submitted by Friday, August 29, 2014

Stephens, Graeme L.

481

Clinical application of radiolabelled platelets  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the clinical applications of radiolabelled platelets. The papers are grouped into six sections on platelet labelling techniques, radiolabelled platelets in cardiology, monitoring of antiplatelet therapy, platelet scintigraphy in stroke patients, platelet scintigraphy in angiology, and platelet scintigraphy in hematology and other clinical applications, including renal transplant rejection.

Kessler, C. (Medical Univ. Lubeck, Lubeck (DE))

1990-01-01

482

Industrial applications of thermal plasmas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main characteristics and applications of thermal plasmas are reviewed here. The industrial applications of thermal plasmas can be divided in: low power–cutting, welding, spraying; metallurgical and steelmaking; materials; environment. Some of the processes described in this article include: powder spraying, metal refining, tundish and laddle heating, production of ferroalloys and ceramic materials, and treatment of residues (aluminum scrap, steel

Roberto Nunes Szente

1995-01-01

483

Application Process Improvement Yields Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a continuing effort to improve its grant application process, the department of medical microbiology and immunology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is submitting many more applications and realizing increased funding. The methods and strategy used to make the process more efficient and effective are outlined. (Author/MSE)

Holesovsky, Jan Paul

1995-01-01

484

Applications of Item Response Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers on applications of item response theory are presented. Applications involved include item bias, criterion-referenced measurement problems, test score equating, computerized ability testing, information processing approaches, unidimensional binary responses, multidimensional and polychotomous responses, and estimation and goodness of…

Hambleton, Ronald K., Ed.

1989-01-01

485

Preparing Grants.gov Applications  

E-print Network

) Application - SF424 (R&R) Agency-Specific Additional Components (NSF & NIH) #12;What is Grants.gov? #12;6 What is Grants.gov? The US Federal government's single, online portal for any person, institutionPreparing Grants.gov Applications Office of Sponsored Programs University of Wisconsin

Saldin, Dilano

486

HPRR operating experience and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Health Physics Research Reactor (HPRR) is a small, unmoderated fast pulse reactor located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The HPRR is the principal research tool of ORNL's Dosimetry Applications Research (DOSAR) Group. The reactor is described, its operating experience is presented, and its major applications are discussed.

E. G. Bailiff; C. S. Sims; R. E. Swaja

1986-01-01

487

Roam, a seamless application framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the biggest challenges in future application development is device heterogeneity. In the future, we expect to see a rich variety of computing devices that can run applications. These devices have different capabilities in processors, memory, networking, screen sizes, input methods, and software libraries. We also expect that future users are likely to own many types of devices. Depending

Hao-hua Chu; Henry Song; Candy Wong; Shoji Kurakake; Masaji Katagiri

2004-01-01

488

Industrial applications of microbial lipases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lipases are a class of enzymes which catalyse the hydrolysis of long chain triglycerides. Microbial lipases are currently receiving much attention with the rapid development of enzyme technology. Lipases constitute the most important group of biocatalysts for biotechnological applications. This review describes various industrial applications of microbial lipases in the detergent, food, flavour industry, biocatalytic resolution of pharmaceuticals, esters and

Fariha Hasan; Aamer Ali Shah; Abdul Hameed

2006-01-01

489

THESE DE DOCTORAT DE L'UNIVERSITE PARIS 6 Sciences de la Terre  

E-print Network

Application aux Alpes et à l'Oman (Annexes) Thèse soutenue le Vendredi 8 décembre 2006 Devant le Jury composé...........................................6 OMAN................................................................................................................................7 Annexe C : Stratigraphie de l'Oman

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

490

Analyse spectrale de modèles neutroniques.  

E-print Network

??Cette thèse porte principalement sur l'étude spectrale de divers modèles neutroniques. Elle consiste en trois parties complémentaires. La première partie est consacrée aux problèmes d'applications… (more)

Sbihi, Mohammed

2005-01-01

491

NGI performance for teleradiology applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tele-medical imaging applications require low cost, and high-speed backbone wide area networks (WAN) to carry large amount of imaging data for rapid turn around interpretation. Current low cost commercially WAN is too slow for medical imaging applications, while high speed WAN is too costly. The next generation Internet (NGI) or Internet2 is federal initiatives for the integration of higher speed backbone communication networks (up to 2.4 Gbits/sec) as a means to replace the current inadequate Internet for many applications including medical imaging. This paper describes our preliminary experience of connecting to Internet2 for teleradiology application. A case study is given for the NGI WAN connection between Childrens Hospital Los Angeles and National Library of Medicine. NGI WAN performance for different image modalities, measured in throughput rate and application response time, were obtained and then compared to the T1 WAN connection between Childrens Hospital Los Angeles and Saint John's Health Center Santa Monica.

Mogel, Greg T.; Huang, H. K.; Cao, Fei; Zhou, Zheng; Dey, Partha S.; Gill, Michael J.; Liu, Brent J.

2002-05-01

492

Corrugated pipe adhesive applicator apparatus  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for coating selected portions of the troughs of a corrugated pipe within an adhesive includes a support disposed within the pipe with a reservoir containing the adhesive disposed on the support. A pump, including a spout, is utilized for supplying the adhesive from the reservoir to a trough of the pipe. A rotatable applicator is supported on the support and contacts the trough of the pipe. The applicator itself is sized so as to fit within the trough, and contacts the adhesive in the trough and spreads the adhesive in the trough upon rotation. A trough shield, supported by the support and disposed in the path of rotation of the applicator, is utilized to prevent the applicator from contacting selected portions of the trough. A locator head is also disposed on the support and provides a way for aligning the spout, the applicator, and the trough shield with the trough.

Shirey, Ray A. (North Grafton, MA)

1983-06-14

493

MIDACO on MINLP space applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A numerical study on two challenging mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) space applications and their optimization with MIDACO, a recently developed general purpose optimization software, is presented. These applications are the optimal control of the ascent of a multiple-stage space launch vehicle and the space mission trajectory design from Earth to Jupiter using multiple gravity assists. Additionally, an NLP aerospace application, the optimal control of an F8 aircraft manoeuvre, is discussed and solved. In order to enhance the optimization performance of MIDACO a hybridization technique, coupling MIDACO with an SQP algorithm, is presented for two of these three applications. The numerical results show, that the applications can be solved to their best known solution (or even new best solution) in a reasonable time by the considered approach. Since using the concept of MINLP is still a novelty in the field of (aero)space engineering, the demonstrated capabilities are seen as very promising.

Schlueter, Martin; Erb, Sven O.; Gerdts, Matthias; Kemble, Stephen; Rückmann, Jan-J.

2013-04-01

494

Adaptive Reactive Rich Internet Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rich Internet Applications significantly raise the user experience compared with legacy page-based Web applications because of their highly responsive user interfaces. Although this is a tremendous advance, it does not solve the problem of the one-size-fits-all approach1 of current Web applications. So although Rich Internet Applications put the user in a position to interact seamlessly with the Web application, they do not adapt to the context in which the user is currently working. In this paper we address the on-the-fly personalization of Rich Internet Applications. We introduce the concept of ARRIAs: Adaptive Reactive Rich Internet Applications and elaborate on how they are able to adapt to the current working context the user is engaged in. An architecture for the ad hoc adaptation of Rich Internet Applications is presented as well as a holistic framework and tools for the realization of our on-the-fly personalization approach. We divided both the architecture and the framework into two levels: offline/design-time and online/run-time. For design-time we explain how to use ontologies in order to annotate Rich Internet Applications and how to use these annotations for conceptual Web usage mining. Furthermore, we describe how to create client-side executable rules from the semantic data mining results. We present our declarative lightweight rule language tailored to the needs of being executed directly on the client. Because of the event-driven nature of the user interfaces of Rich Internet Applications, we designed a lightweight rule language based on the event-condition-action paradigm.2 At run-time the interactions of a user are tracked directly on the client and in real-time a user model is built up. The user model then acts as input to and is evaluated by our client-side complex event processing and rule engine.

Schmidt, Kay-Uwe; Stühmer, Roland; Dörflinger, Jörg; Rahmani, Tirdad; Thomas, Susan; Stojanovic, Ljiljana

495

Advances in lidar applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantitative laser remote sensing (lidar) measurements have always posed a challenge for the research community. The complexity of the data inversion and the instrumentation itself makes lidar results difficult to interpret. This dissertation presents a suite of 3 elastic lidar experiments. The goal of these studies was to quantitatively approach atmospheric physical phenomena such as rainfall (chapter 3), a distribution of concentration of particulates in Mexico City (chapter 4) and emission rates and emission factors from an agricultural facility in Iowa (chapter 5). The studies demonstrate that elastic lidar measurements are possible not only in a qualitative sense but also in a quantitative sense. The lidar study of rainfall was intended to provide rainfall data in small spatial and temporal scales (1.5m and 1s resolution). The two levels of lidar inversion algorithms allowed the calculation of rainfall rates in small scales. The problem of the distribution of particles over Mexico City required mobile lidar measurements. The elastic lidar data were successfully inverted to extinction coefficients which were then combined with aerosol size distribution. As a result, a spatial distribution of particulate concentration was created to illustrate the transport processes and intensity of Mexico City pollution. The measurements of particulate emission fluxes from a livestock facility involved a stationary scanning elastic lidar, in-situ aerosol size distribution measurements and wind measurements. The data from the 3 independent measurement platforms combined together resulted in emission rates and emission factors. The results from this experiment demonstrated that the new lidar approach is an adequate tool for measurement of aerosol emissions from livestock production facilities. The studies presented in the dissertation show quantitative lidar measurements in combination with other instruments measurements. This approach significantly extends the applications of the lidar technique and also opens new capabilities for elastic lidar systems.

Lewandowski, Piotr Andrzej

496

APPLICANT REACTIONS TO PRE-EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION BLANKS: A LEGAL AND PROCEDURAL JUSTICE PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current research investigated applicant reactions derived from common application blanks. Previous work has found applications to be riddled with legally inadvisable items, but limited research has attempted to understand how such items might affect applicants. By using organizational justice theory as a framework, two studies examined applicant reactions from two application blanks: a legally advisable application and a legally

J. Craig Wallace; Erin E. Page; Michael Lippstreu

2006-01-01

497

UNIVERSITE JEAN MONNET SAINT ETIENNE  

E-print Network

#12;RENATA KEKESI JEAN MONNET UNIVERSITY 7 INTRODUCTION (FRANCAIS.............................................................................................................................. 15 I. CHAPITRE: MATERIAUX MAGNETO-OPTIQUES (RESUME FRANCAIS) ............... 19 I. CHAPTER: MAGNETO ............................................................................................... 46 II. CHAPITRE: ARRANGEMENT PERIODIQUE (RESUME FRANCAIS).......................... 49 II. CHAPTER

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

498

Java Application Shell: A Framework for Piecing Together Java Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This session describes the architecture of Java Application Shell (JAS), a Swing-based framework for developing interactive Java applications. Java Application Shell is being developed by Commerce One, Inc. for NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Code 588. The purpose of JAS is to provide a framework for the development of Java applications, providing features that enable the development process to be more efficient, consistent and flexible. Fundamentally, JAS is based upon an architecture where an application is considered a collection of 'plugins'. In turn, a plug-in is a collection of Swing actions defined using XML and packaged in a jar file. Plug-ins may be local to the host platform or remotely-accessible through HTTP. Local and remote plugins are automatically discovered by JAS upon application startup; plugins may also be loaded dynamically without having to re-start the application. Using Extensible Markup Language (XML) to define actions, as opposed to hardcoding them in application logic, allows easier customization of application-specific operations by separating application logic from presentation. Through XML, a developer defines an action that may appear on any number of menus, toolbars, and buttons. Actions maintain and propagate enable/disable states and specify icons, tool-tips, titles, etc. Furthermore, JAS allows actions to be implemented using various scripting languages through the use of IBM's Bean Scripting Framework. Scripted action implementation is seamless to the end-user. In addition to action implementation, scripts may be used for application and unit-level testing. In the case of application-level testing, JAS has hooks to assist a script in simulating end-user input. JAS also provides property and user preference management, JavaHelp, Undo/Redo, Multi-Document Interface, Single-Document Interface, printing, and logging. Finally, Jini technology has also been included into the framework by means of a Jini services browser and the ability to associate services with actions. Several Java technologies have been incorporated into JAS, including Swing, Internal Frames, Java Beans, XML, JavaScript, JavaHelp, and Jini. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Miller, Philip; Powers, Edward I. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

499

Residence Application Pontchartrain Halls Please complete and sign this application. Incomplete applications will not be accepted.  

E-print Network

.ft) 4 bdrm (90 sq. ft.) Prices for housing and meal plans can be found on our website housing applications will not be accepted. UNO Office of Student Housing Pontchartrain Hall North, Room 128 2000@uno.edu Website: housing.uno.edu Applicant Information: Name: Last First M.I. Date of Birth Mailing Address

Kulp, Mark

500

Transform coding for space applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data compression coding requirements for aerospace applications differ somewhat from the compression requirements for entertainment systems. On the one hand, entertainment applications are bit rate driven with the goal of getting the best quality possible with a given bandwidth. Science applications are quality driven with the goal of getting the lowest bit rate for a given level of reconstruction quality. In the past, the required quality level has been nothing less than perfect allowing only the use of lossless compression methods (if that). With the advent of better, faster, cheaper missions, an opportunity has arisen for lossy data compression methods to find a use in science applications as requirements for perfect quality reconstruction runs into cost constraints. This paper presents a review of the data compression problem from the space application perspective. Transform coding techniques are described and some simple, integer transforms are presented. The application of these transforms to space-based data compression problems is discussed. Integer transforms have an advantage over conventional transforms in computational complexity. Space applications are different from broadcast or entertainment in that it is desirable to have a simple encoder (in space) and tolerate a more complicated decoder (on the ground) rather than vice versa. Energy compaction with new transforms are compared with the Walsh-Hadamard (WHT), Discrete Cosine (DCT), and Integer Cosine (ICT) transforms.

Glover, Daniel

1993-01-01