Note: This page contains sample records for the topic applied social sciences from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Applying spatial thinking in social science research  

PubMed Central

Spatial methods that build upon Geographic Information Systems are spreading quickly across the social sciences. This essay points out that the appropriate use of spatial tools requires more careful thinking about spatial concepts. As easy as it is now to measure distance, it is increasingly important to understand what we think it represents. To interpret spatial patterns, we need spatial theories. We review here a number of key concepts as well as some of the methodological approaches that are now at the disposal of researchers, and illustrate them with studies that reflect the very wide range of problems that use these tools.

Logan, John R.; Zhang, Weiwei; Xu, Hongwei

2010-01-01

2

Teaching Social Science Research: An Applied Approach Using Community Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four-week summer project for 100 rural tenth graders in the University of Alabama's Biomedical Sciences Preparation Program (BioPrep) enabled students to acquire and apply social sciences research skills. The students investigated drinking water quality in three rural Alabama counties by interviewing local officials, health workers, and…

Gilliland, M. Janice; And Others

3

Applied Developmental Science, Social Justice, and Socio-Political Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we present a vision of applied developmental science (ADS) as a means of promoting social justice and socio-political well-being. This vision draws upon the field's significant accomplishments in identifying and strengthening developmental assets in marginalized youth communities, understanding the effects of poverty and racial…

Fisher, Celia B.; Busch-Rossnagel, Nancy A.; Jopp, Daniela S.; Brown, Joshua L.

2012-01-01

4

At Arm’s Length? Applied Social Science and its Sponsors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with trust in applied social science research in the light of applied researchers’ increased dependence\\u000a on project funding. Taking Norway as a case study it shows how the societal organization of research funding has implications\\u000a for scientific freedom and ultimately for the confidence we have in research. The article gives an account of various ways\\u000a the sponsors

Heidi Kjærnet

2010-01-01

5

The Contribution of Applied Social Sciences to Obesity Stigma-Related Public Health Approaches  

PubMed Central

Obesity is viewed as a major public health concern, and obesity stigma is pervasive. Such marginalization renders obese persons a “special population.” Weight bias arises in part due to popular sources' attribution of obesity causation to individual lifestyle factors. This may not accurately reflect the experiences of obese individuals or their perspectives on health and quality of life. A powerful role may exist for applied social scientists, such as anthropologists or sociologists, in exploring the lived and embodied experiences of this largely discredited population. This novel research may aid in public health intervention planning. Through these studies, applied social scientists could help develop a nonstigmatizing, salutogenic approach to public health that accurately reflects the health priorities of all individuals. Such an approach would call upon applied social science's strengths in investigating the mundane, problematizing the “taken for granted” and developing emic (insiders') understandings of marginalized populations.

Bombak, Andrea E.

2014-01-01

6

Cultures of Learning: Critical Reading in the Social and Applied Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares course requirements and student reading practices in a selection of units in business, engineering, health science, and social science and the findings challenge prevailing ideas of what constitutes tertiary literacy in Australian universities. (Author/VWL)

Kirkpatrick, Andy; Mulligan, Denise

2002-01-01

7

Process Challenges and Learning-Based Interactions in Stage 2 of Doctoral Education: Implications from Two Applied Social Science Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an exploratory study that examined the transition to independence in Stage 2 of the doctoral student experience in two applied social science fields. We rely on an interdisciplinary framework that integrates developmental networks and sociocultural perspectives of learning to better understand the connection between the…

Baker, Vicki L.; Pifer, Meghan J.; Flemion, Blair

2013-01-01

8

Social Science at the Center for Adaptive Optics: Synergistic Systems of Program Evaluation, Applied Research, Educational Assessment, and Pedagogy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the interaction of four elements of social science as they have evolved in concert with the Center for Adaptive Optics Professional Development Program (CfAO PDP). We hope these examples persuade early-career scientists and engineers to include social science activities as they develop grant proposals and carry out their research. To frame our discussion we use a metaphor from astronomy. At the University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC), the CfAO PDP and the Educational Partnership Center (EPC) are two young stars in the process of forming a solar system. Together, they are surrounded by a disk of gas and dust made up of program evaluation, applied research, educational assessment, and pedagogy. An idea from the 2001 PDP intensive workshops program evaluation developed into the Assessing Scientific Inquiry and Leadership Skills (AScILS) applied research project. In iterative cycles, AScILS researchers participated in subsequent PDP intensive workshops, teaching social science while piloting AScILS measurement strategies. Subsequent "orbits" of the PDP program evaluation gathered ideas from the applied research and pedagogy. The denser regions of this disk of social science are in the process of forming new protoplanets as tools for research and teaching are developed. These tools include problem-solving exercises or simulations of adaptive optics explanations and scientific reasoning; rubrics to evaluate the scientific reasoning simulation responses, knowledge regarding inclusive science education, and student explanations of science/engineering inquiry investigations; and a scientific reasoning curriculum. Another applied research project is forming with the design of a study regarding how to assess engineering explanations. To illustrate the mutual shaping of the cross-disciplinary, intergenerational group of educational researchers and their projects, the paper ends with a description of the professional trajectories of some of the researchers involved in this complex solar system.

Goza, B. K.; Hunter, L.; Shaw, J. M.; Metevier, A. J.; Raschke, L.; Espinoza, E.; Geaney, E. R.; Reyes, G.; Rothman, D. L.

2010-12-01

9

Participatory action research designs in applied disability and rehabilitation science: protecting against threats to social validity.  

PubMed

Researchers and disability advocates have been debating consumer involvement in disability and rehabilitation science since at least 1972. Despite the length of this debate, much confusion remains. Consumer involvement may represent a spirit of democracy or even empowerment, but as a tool of science, it is necessary to understand how to judge its application. To realize consumer involvement as a design element in science, researchers need a framework for understanding how it can contribute to the scientific process. The thesis of this article is that a primary scientific function of consumer involvement is to reduce threats to the social validity of research, the extent to which those expected to use or benefit from research products judge them as useful and actually use them. Social validity has traditionally not been treated with the same rigor as concerns for internal and external validity. This article presents a framework that describes 7 threats to social validity and explains how 15 forms of consumer involvement protect against those threats. We also suggest procedures for reporting and reviewing consumer involvement in proposals and manuscripts. This framework offers tools familiar to all scientists for identifying threats to the quality of research, and for judging the effectiveness of strategies for protecting against those threats. It may also enhance the standing of consumer involvement strategies as tools for protecting research quality by organizing them in a way that allows for systematic criticism of their effectiveness and subsequent improvement. PMID:23178031

Seekins, Tom; White, Glen W

2013-01-01

10

Quality in applied science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science is in many senses a special kind of craft and only skilled craftsmen are able to distinguish good work from bad. Due to the variation in approaches, methods and even philosophical basis, it is nearly impossible to derive a general set of quality criteria for scientific work outside specific research traditions. Applied science introduces a new set of quality

T. Sten

1993-01-01

11

Quality in applied science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science is in many senses a special kind of craft and only skilled craftsmen are able to distinguish good work from bad. Due to the variation in approaches, methods and even philosophical basis, it is nearly impossible to derive a general set of quality criteria for scientific work outside specific research traditions. Applied science introduces a new set of quality criteria having to do with the application of results in practical situations and policy making. A scientist doing basic research relates mainly to the scientific community of which he is a member, while in applied contract research the scientist has to consider the impact of his results both for the immediate users and upon interest groups possibly being affected. Application thus raises a whole new set of requirements having to do with business ethics, policy consequences and societal ethics in general.

Sten, T.

1993-12-01

12

Social Dynamics of Science  

PubMed Central

The birth and decline of disciplines are critical to science and society. How do scientific disciplines emerge? No quantitative model to date allows us to validate competing theories on the different roles of endogenous processes, such as social collaborations, and exogenous events, such as scientific discoveries. Here we propose an agent-based model in which the evolution of disciplines is guided mainly by social interactions among agents representing scientists. Disciplines emerge from splitting and merging of social communities in a collaboration network. We find that this social model can account for a number of stylized facts about the relationships between disciplines, scholars, and publications. These results provide strong quantitative support for the key role of social interactions in shaping the dynamics of science. While several “science of science” theories exist, this is the first account for the emergence of disciplines that is validated on the basis of empirical data.

Sun, Xiaoling; Kaur, Jasleen; Milojevic, Stasa; Flammini, Alessandro; Menczer, Filippo

2013-01-01

13

Social Science Hub  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Sharyn Clarkson, a BA in sociology and anthropology, this Website provides a directory for those looking for materials in the social sciences. The site features categorized listings of social science Websites, online journals and e-zines, search engines, government Websites, databases and archives, interactive forums, and a what's new section. There is an emphasis, but by no means an exclusive one, on Australian materials. Some entries are annotated, and the site is frequently updated.

14

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1923, the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) has been an independent, international association committed to the promotion of interdisciplinary research in the social sciences. This Website provides information about the SSRC's academic conferences, grant opportunities, fellowship programs, scholarly exchanges, research committees, and council publications. Expository information about the SSRC as well as a brief history of the council are also available on-site.

15

Security Science as an Applied Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a security science degree as the emerging applied science of the protection of individuals and assets. Proposes the themes of physical, electronic, information security and facility management as scientific applications for the course. (Author/MM)

Smith, Clifton

2001-01-01

16

Mathematical Social and Behavioral Sciences(MSBS)  

NSF Publications Database

... Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences, Division of Social and Economic Sciences ... social, behavioral, and economic science phenomena. Facilitate the interaction of social, behavioral ...

17

Quantum Social Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

2013-01-01

18

Applied Research and Social Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied research, as compared to basic nonapplied research, offers the potential for the development of unique insights into the nature of social theory. Cultural deprivation theorizing is used to illustrate the interplay between research and theory. (Author/CTM)

Hawkins, Darnell F.

1978-01-01

19

Applied Science in Cuba.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various topics and issues related to the scientific enterprise in Cuba. Notes that Cuban science is emphasizing biotechnology and research on the island's chief crop (sugarcane), although hampered by limited personnel and lack of modern laboratory equipment. (JN)

Fox, Jeffrey L.

1986-01-01

20

Social Science Information Gateway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located within the Institute for Learning and Research Technology at the University of Bristol, the Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) is an online database of high quality Internet resources that primarily deal with the vast array of social science fields and subfields. Visitors can perform a simple search, or browse through the subject headings offered on the homepage. Each one of these discrete sites has been catalogued and annotated, making it easier to find specific resources quickly. Within each field or subfield, the editors of SOSIG have also listed some of their top choices. One particularly fine feature of the site is the "Grapevine", which offers a place for people in the social sciences to find out (and publicize) information about career opportunities and upcoming events. Visitors can also post their vitas in order to facilitate such opportunities. Finally, it is worth noting that the coverage of events and the like here is particularly strong for the United Kingdom and continental Europe.

2005-11-02

21

Quality in Applied Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Science is in many senses a special kind of craft and only skilled craftsmen are able to distinguish good work from bad. Due to the variation in approaches, methods and even philosophical basis, it is nearly impossible to derive a general set of quality c...

T. Sten

1993-01-01

22

The Social Sciences in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief history of social sciences in Canada, dividing it into three periods: from early years up to 1960, from 1960 to 1970, and from 1970 to the present. Includes sections on the relation of social sciences to Canadian society and international cooperation. Provides two appendices which list social science journals and scholarly…

Bruce, Erika v. C.; Fox, Alan F.

1987-01-01

23

Applied Material Science in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers visits to several of Turkey's leading technical institutions and provides a survey of some of their facilities and ongoing research in applied material science; primarily with minerals, ceramics, polymers, and elastic constants. The ins...

L. Cartz

1987-01-01

24

Social Factors in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some principles of learning, examines the relevance of these principles for social factors that influence learning about science, discusses the application of these points to science education, and suggests science policies that reflect an awareness of the influences of these social factors. (Author)

Triandis, Harry C.

1980-01-01

25

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1923 (and last reviewed by the Scout Report on November 3, 1998), the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is an independent non-profit organization with ongoing research projects on every continent, most of which are designed to encourage innovation and to help social scientists engage broader constituencies. Some of the council's key interests include children and armed conflict, economic growth, international migration, and global security and cooperation. From the website, visitors can learn about the most recent project initiatives, which include the initiative on HIV / AIDS, social transformation and emergencies, and humanitarian action. Along with these recent initiatives, visitors may also read about the 30 thematic programs, which are organized into five broad program areas. Graduate students coming to the site will want to definitely take a look at the many fellowship and dissertation funding opportunities offered by the SSRC. Visitors may also browse through the SSRC quarterly publication, Items & Issues, which features essays, roundtables, and other writings by participants in SSRC-sponsored programs.

26

Communicating science in social settings  

PubMed Central

This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists—driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication—to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future.

Scheufele, Dietram A.

2013-01-01

27

The Social Sciences in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterizes social science research and teaching in China today as being closely linked to the solution of practical social, economic, and political problems. The emphasis is also on encouraging many different schools of thought among scientists and social scientists as a means of bringing about a flourishing socialist culture. (DB)

Cheng-Fang, Yang

1980-01-01

28

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

2005-11-02

29

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until "the next revision to the web site this winter."

30

Oklahoma administrators' perceptions of applied science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scope and method of study. The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of Oklahoma Public School Superintendents when applied science courses such as Applied Biology/Chemistry and Applied Physics (Principles of Technology) are compared to traditional science courses such as Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. The study was conducted with a population of 69 Oklahoma comprehensive school superintendents who were under contract during the 1997/98 school year. Each participant was employed by a school district that offered either Applied Biology/Chemistry, Applied Physics (also known as Principles of Technology) or both. All participants completed an 18-question telephone survey. Combined means and percentages of participants responses to the survey were recorded to draw conclusions about the study. Findings and conclusions. Superintendents perceive teachers and students as having good acceptance of applied science courses. Superintendents believe students think of applied science courses as excellent hands-on science, and teachers think of them as acceptable alternative science. Superintendents are somewhat satisfied with applied science courses. They believe it makes no difference if a student is college bound, non-college bound, more motivated or less motivated as to whom benefits from applied science courses. Superintendents feel there is no difference in applied science courses and traditional science courses when teaching science concepts of "PASS Skills," or preparing students for college or work. They perceive the cost of applied science courses to be somewhat greater than traditional science courses. They also think additional training for applied science teachers should be in the form of a seminar. Superintendents feel full credit toward high school graduation and college entrance requirements should be given to the students of applied science courses. Superintendents believe there is no difference as to which course, applied science or traditional science, that utilize facilities better. They believe applied science courses should be offered as an alternative science class and that they have a good future in the Oklahoma educational system.

Horn, Stanley James

31

The Social Science Research Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Science Research Network is a rapidly growing Web site containing full text scholarly working papers and forthcoming papers in the fields of accounting, economics, Latin American studies, and legal research. This column describes and analyzes the site.

John R. Clark

2002-01-01

32

Documentation in Social Science Experiments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper reviews the information accrual processes in social science experiments. Stress is placed on the need for systematic, organized, and well documented accrual processes. These processes are illustrated by a hypothetical experiment that comprises ...

M. M. Rogson

1976-01-01

33

The Soviet applied information sciences in a time of change  

SciTech Connect

The Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center (FASAC) conducts reviews of selected areas of foreign basic and applied science by US scientists who are technically expert and active in the fields reviewed. Several of the FASAC assessments of Soviet science have involved various aspects of the information sciences, including enabling technologies and applications, as well as the core information sciences. This report draws upon those FASAC assessment reports, the expert judgment of some of the authors of those reports, and other public sources to characterize the current state of the information sciences in the Soviet Union and the effects of information science capabilities upon other areas of Soviet science and technology. This report also provides estimates of the likely effect of the political and social reforms underway in the Soviet Union on future Soviet progress in the information sciences and, at a more general level, in science and technology. 41 refs., 7 tabs.

Bengston, J.; Cronin, R.R.; Davidson, R.B.

1991-07-01

34

Implementing an Applied Science Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work implied in the NASA Applied Science Program requires a delicate balancing act for the those doing it. At the implementation level there are multiple tensions intrinsic to the program. For example each application of an existing product to a decision support process requires deep knowledge about the data and deep knowledge about the decision making process. It is highly probable no one person has this range of knowledge. Otherwise the decision making process would already be using the data. Therefore, a team is required. But building a team usually requires time, especially across agencies. Yet the program mandates efforts of relatively short duration. Further, those who know the data are scientists, which makes them essential to the program. But scientists are evaluated on their publication record. Anything which diverts a scientist from the research for his next publication is an anathema to him and potential death to their career. Trying to get another agency to use NASA data does not strike most scientists as material inherently suitable for publication. Also, NASA wishes to rapidly implement often substantial changes to another agency's process. For many reasons, such as budget and program constraints, speed is important. But the owner of a decision making process is tightly constrained, usually by law, regulation, organization and custom. Changes when made are slow, cautious, even hesitant, and always done according a process specific to the situation. To manage this work MSFC must balance these and other tensions. Some things we have relatively little control over, such as budget. These we try to handle by structural techniques. For example by insisting all of our people work on multiple projects simultaneously we inherently have diversification of funding for all of our people. In many cases we explicitly use some elements of tension to be productive. For example the need for the scientists to constantly publish is motivation to keep tasks short and to the immediate point. As another example, the DSS agency and it personnel are treated as integral to the effort at every step. Thus, their ways of doing things, their problems and their assets become part of the solution. MSFC also manages the Applied Science work' within a strategic framework.' First, the scientists are necessarily at the core of all of this work as well as all of the work within the larger' organization. We therefore strive to keep a roughly 50-50 balance between the work done on tasks funded directly by the research side of NASA's Science Mission Directorate and funding from the applied side. Done at both the organization level and the level of the individual, this keeps the scientist both happy and productive over the long term. We also try diligently to remove as much burden from the scientist as practical by employing people such as the authors and others to do tasks not requiring; scientific knowledge. We also have designed our effort to take full use of external partners. We actively seek and support, including fund, people from multiple organizations to join us as committed collaborators. In this we use today's money and today's problem to help us diversify and strengthen for tomorrow. MSFC also considers the Applied Science work holistically. Each element is viewed as a step in a larger process. At a management level we can chose to emphasize or encourage certain areas which service long term goals. Thus, if we think work in a particular area should be developed, we can start with the smaller, less costly elements and grow.

Rickman, Doug; Presson, Joan

2007-01-01

35

77 FR 55863 - NASA Advisory Council; Science Committee; Earth Science Subcommittee; Applied Sciences Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Council; Science Committee; Earth Science Subcommittee; Applied Sciences...Group. This Subcommittee reports to the Earth Science Subcommittee Committee of the NASA...Applied Sciences Program Update --Earth Science Data Latency Study...

2012-09-11

36

Science, Policy, and the Utilization of Social Technology..  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper is concerned with the problems of social innovation in the development of social technology that utilizes and applies the best social science as a tool in policy-making. It cases developments of social technology, and in particular, the prototyp...

P. M. Burgess L. D. Higgs

1971-01-01

37

Social Security: Applying for Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... Your bank account number and your bank or financial institution's routing transit number, so your benefits can be deposited electronically into your account. If you are applying for Supplemental ... Financial records, such as payroll slips, bank books, insurance ...

38

Time representations in social science  

PubMed Central

Time has long been a major topic of study in social science, as in other sciences or in philosophy. Social scientists have tended to focus on collective representations of time, and on the ways in which these representations shape our everyday experiences. This contribution addresses work from such disciplines as anthropology, sociology and history. It focuses on several of the main theories that have preoccupied specialists in social science, such as the alleged “acceleration” of life and overgrowth of the present in contemporary Western societies, or the distinction between so-called linear and circular conceptions of time. The presentation of these theories is accompanied by some of the critiques they have provoked, in order to enable the reader to form her or his own opinion of them.

Schulz, Yvan

2012-01-01

39

Applying Social Psychological Concepts Outside the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article evaluates a writing assignment in which social psychology students gathered examples from outside the classroom (e.g., cartoons, movies) and analyzed them with course material. Compared to a control group, students who completed the assignment learned that it was easier to apply social psychology to the real world. A follow-up survey…

Lakin, Jessica L.; Wichman, Aaron L.

2005-01-01

40

University Rankings and Social Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University rankings widely affect the behaviours of prospective students and their families, university executive leaders, academic faculty, governments and investors in higher education. Yet the social science foundations of global rankings receive little scrutiny. Rankings that simply recycle reputation without any necessary connection to real…

Marginson, Simon

2014-01-01

41

Science, Society, and Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased use of social networking is changing the way that scientific societies interact with their members and others. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) uses a variety of online networks to engage its members and the broader scientific community. AAAS members and non-members can interact with AAAS staff and each other on AAAS sites on Facebook,

K. S. White; T. Lohwater

2009-01-01

42

UNESCO: Social and Human Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has five specialized sectors, and one of them happens to be dedicated to examining the social and human sciences. Within this broad heading, this sector examines a number of key themes, including ethics, human rights, philosophy, and social transformations. The well-designed homepage allows visitors easy access to the organization's various programmatic areas of action and links to a number of helpful features including its newsletter. One particularly timely feature is a link to the upcoming International Forum on the Social Science-Policy Nexus planned for September 2005. Also, within each primary section there are links to publications and subthemes, such as gender equality and development and human security and peace.

43

Volunteers and volunteering in leisure: social science perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure has been widely examined within the context of social science theory. This article adopts a broad approach, examining a range of social science disciplines and applying them to specific phenomena located within the leisure field, namely, volunteers and volunteering in leisure settings. In a disciplinary sense, the sociological view focuses upon the conceptualisation of volunteering as leisure, the psychological

Kirsten Holmes; Karen Smith; Tom Baum

2010-01-01

44

What Good Are the Social Sciences?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foresees the crippling effects of the Reagan Administration's budget-cutting measures on social science research. Argues that government planners and policy makers are the obvious beneficiaries of the science of society. Provides examples of information that social science research could provide to help understand and change social behavior. (DMM)

Khoury, Robert M.

1982-01-01

45

e-Science Infrastructure for the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the term „e-Science“ became popular, it frequently was referred to as “enhanced science” or “electronic science”. More telling is the definition ‘e-Science is about global collaboration in key areas of science and the next generation of infrastructure that will enable it’ (Taylor, 2001). The question arises to what extent can the social sciences profit from recent developments in e-

Ekkehard Mochmann

2009-01-01

46

Social Sciences and Space Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The relationship between technology and society is a subject of continuing interest, because technological change and its effects confront and challenge society. College students are especially interested in technological change, knowing that they must cope with the pervasive and escalating effect of wide-ranging technological change. The space shuttle represents a technological change. The book's role is to serve as a resource for college faculty and students who are or will be interested in the social science implications of space technology. The book is designed to provide introductory material on a variety of space social topics to help faculty and students pursue teaching, learning, and research. Space technologies, perspectives on individual disciplines (economics, history, international law, philosophy, political science, psychology, and sociology) and interdiscipline approaches are presented.

1988-01-01

47

75 FR 60484 - NASA Advisory Council; Science Committee; Earth Science Subcommittee; Applied Sciences Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Council; Science Committee; Earth Science Subcommittee; Applied Sciences...Group. This Subcommittee reports to the Earth Science Subcommittee Committee of the NASA...Performance Measures Discussion. --Report from Earth Science Subcommittee Meeting. It is...

2010-09-30

48

Applying the Foundational Science Content  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The four big ideas discussed in Chapter 1 provide the foundation for developing understanding of nanoscale phenomena. Two additional big ideas--Size-Dependent Properties and Self-Assembly--require learners to apply concepts from some or all of the four fund

Krajcik, Joseph S.; Sutherland, Leeann M.; Stevens, Shawn Y.

2009-10-14

49

Science, Society, and Social Networking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increased use of social networking is changing the way that scientific societies interact with their members and others. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) uses a variety of online networks to engage its members and the broader scientific community. AAAS members and non-members can interact with AAAS staff and each other on AAAS sites on Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter, as well as blogs and forums on the AAAS website (www.aaas.org). These tools allow scientists to more readily become engaged in policy by providing information on current science policy topics as well as methods of involvement. For example, members and the public can comment on policy-relevant stories from Science magazine’s ScienceInsider blog, download a weekly policy podcast, receive a weekly email update of policy issues affecting the scientific community, or watch a congressional hearing from their computer. AAAS resource websites and outreach programs, including Communicating Science (www.aaas.org/communicatingscience), Working with Congress (www.aaas.org/spp/cstc/) and Science Careers (http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org) also provide tools for scientists to become more personally engaged in communicating their findings and involved in the policy process.

White, K. S.; Lohwater, T.

2009-12-01

50

Applied Soft Computing: Elsevier Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Debuting in March 2001, Applied Soft Computing is the official, online journal of the World Federation on Soft Computing. The journal focuses on "Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks, Evolutionary Computing, Rough Sets and other similar techniques to address real world complexities." Applications of soft computing are very diverse, ranging from pattern recognition to telecommunications. The most recent issue has five articles, in which genetic programming is a prevalent topic. Access to full online text articles will be free until December 31, 2002.

1999-01-01

51

NASA's Applied Sciences for Water Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Earth Systems Division within NASA has the primary responsibility for the Earth Science Applied Science Program and the objective to accelerate the use of NASA science results in applications to help solve problems important to society and the economy. The primary goal of the Earth Science Applied Science Program is to improve future and current operational systems by infusing them with scientific knowledge of the Earth system gained through space-based observation, assimilation of new observations, and development and deployment of enabling technologies, systems, and capabilities. This paper discusses one of the major problems facing water resources managers, that of having timely and accurate data to drive their decision support tools. It then describes how NASA?s science and space based satellites may be used to overcome this problem. Opportunities for the water resources community to participate in NASA?s Water Resources Applications Program are described.

Doorn, Bradley; Toll, David; Engman, Ted

2011-01-01

52

The Structure of the Social and Behavioral Sciences Literature. Stockholm Papers in Library and Information Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A clustering experiment applied co-citation analysis to a cumulation (1972-1974) of the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) tapes in order to outline a citation structure for the social and behavioral sciences. Co-citation analysis is a new technique that establishes a link between two older documents and a crude metric of the strength of that…

Griffith, Belver C.; Small, Henry G.

53

On applied science, prediction and contingency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like any other science, to remain a worthwhile scientific discipline, futures research needs to reflect on itself. It needs to do so from three perspectives: 1) futures research is regarded as an applied science: a closer connection between studying the future in an academic manner and conducting futures research can improve the quality and subsequently the use and impact of

Patrick van der Duin

2009-01-01

54

Economics, Social Science and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development economics nowadays is mainstream economics applied to poor countries. An examination of the core principles of mainstream economics reveals tremendous strengths, but also tremendous weaknesses. Other disciplines, such as sociology, anthropology and political science, have complementary strengths that suggest a role for them as equal partners in development studies and policy. The argument for a partnership of disciplines is

Ravi Kanbur

2002-01-01

55

Lessons from NASA Applied Sciences Program: Success Factors in Applying Earth Science in Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NASA Applied Sciences Program collaborates with organizations to discover and demonstrate applications of NASA Earth science research and technology to decision making. The desired outcome is for public and private organizations to use NASA Earth science products in innovative applications for sustained, operational uses to enhance their decisions. In addition, the program facilitates the end-user feedback to Earth science

L. A. Friedl; L. Cox

2008-01-01

56

Graduate Training in the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of graduate training in the social sciences and reasons for deficiencies are reviewed, and strategies for improving the situation are proposed. Recent studies of the organization of graduate training in the social sciences have indicated serious weaknesses in the recruitment, selection, and socialization of graduate students. These…

Booth, David B.

57

Social Science Policy in Eastern Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses eastern European social science policy, the influences on policy, and key elements of policy. Interrelationships between socialist policy, the strategy of economic growth, scientific and technological progress, and educational and cultural planning are discussed along with the role of social science in solving political, social, and…

Markiewicz, Wladyslaw; Kasprzyk, Leszek

1978-01-01

58

Social Sciences in Forestry, A Current Selected Bibliography, No. 46, June 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a selected bibliography of social sciences in forestry. It includes five major categories: (1) social science applied to forestry at large; (2) applied to forestry's production agents; (3) applied to forest production; (4) applied to manufacturing; and (5) applied to marketing, trade and demand for forest output. The booklet has a…

Lauby, Anne, Ed.

59

Archaeology as a social science  

PubMed Central

Because of advances in methods and theory, archaeology now addresses issues central to debates in the social sciences in a far more sophisticated manner than ever before. Coupled with methodological innovations, multiscalar archaeological studies around the world have produced a wealth of new data that provide a unique perspective on long-term changes in human societies, as they document variation in human behavior and institutions before the modern era. We illustrate these points with three examples: changes in human settlements, the roles of markets and states in deep history, and changes in standards of living. Alternative pathways toward complexity suggest how common processes may operate under contrasting ecologies, populations, and economic integration.

Smith, Michael E.; Feinman, Gary M.; Drennan, Robert D.; Earle, Timothy; Morris, Ian

2012-01-01

60

Using Social Science Tools in Agroforestry Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recent innovations in agroforestry research indicate the need to elicit farmers' participation in technology adaptations. The paper is intended for non-social scientists who wish to use social science research tools in order to assess the role of multipur...

J. L. Marcucci

1990-01-01

61

Network Analysis in the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, there has been an explosion of interest in network research across the physical and social sciences. For social scientists, the theory of networks has been a goldmine, yielding explanations for social phenomena in a wide variety of disciplines from psychology to economics. In this essay, we review the kinds of things that social scientists have tried

Stephen P. Borgatti; Ajay Mehra; Daniel J. Brass; Giuseppe Labianca

2009-01-01

62

Network Analysis in the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, there has been an explosion of interest in network research across the physical and social sciences. For social scientists, the theory of networks has been a gold mine, yielding explanations for social phenomena in a wide variety of disciplines from psychology to economics. Here, we review the kinds of things that social scientists have tried to

Stephen P. Borgatti; Ajay Mehra; Daniel J. Brass; Giuseppe Labianca

2009-01-01

63

Applying scientific openmindedness to religion and science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mahner's and Bunge's two main theses are nearly correct as social reports but the extent to which they are wrong is philosophically very important. I draw attention to a philosophically superior way of viewing the essential relation between science and religion which can have a humane or benign influence upon how both science and religion are taught. On the one hand, science does not need to fight religion nor try to suppress it. A generous openness of mind, which distinguishes the critical rationality implicit in the advance of science, deserves to be applied without acrimony to any systems of thought that purport to explain the universe. On the other hand, religions have no need to fear the growth of scientific knowledge, provided science is not confused, as Mahner and Bunge confuse it, with its materialistic interpretation.

Settle, Tom

1996-04-01

64

Capturing order in social interactions [Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

As humans appear to be literally wired for social interaction, it is not surprising to observe that social aspects of human behavior and psychology attract interest in the computing community as well. The gap between social animal and unsocial machine was tolerable when computers were nothing else than improved versions of old tools (e.g., word processors replacing typewriters), but today

Alessandro Vinciarelli

2009-01-01

65

Applied Developmental Science: An Advanced Textbook. The SAGE Program on Applied Developmental Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course textbook has been adapted from the four-volume "Handbook of Applied Developmental Science" (SAGE 2003), a work that offers a detailed roadmap for action and research in ensuring positive child, youth, and family development. In 20 chapters, "Applied Developmental Science: An Advanced Textbook" brings together theory and application…

Lerner, Richard M., Ed.; Jacobs, Fraincine, Ed.; Wertlieb, Donald, Ed.

2005-01-01

66

Lessons from NASA Applied Sciences Program: Success Factors in Applying Earth Science in Decision Making  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Applied Sciences Program collaborates with organizations to discover and demonstrate applications of NASA Earth science research and technology to decision making. The desired outcome is for public and private organizations to use NASA Earth science products in innovative applications for sustained, operational uses to enhance their decisions. In addition, the program facilitates the end-user feedback to Earth science to improve products and demands for research. The Program thus serves as a bridge between Earth science research and technology and the applied organizations and end-users with management, policy, and business responsibilities. Since 2002, the Applied Sciences Program has sponsored over 115 applications-oriented projects to apply Earth observations and model products to decision making activities. Projects have spanned numerous topics - agriculture, air quality, water resources, disasters, public health, aviation, etc. The projects have involved government agencies, private companies, universities, non-governmental organizations, and foreign entities in multiple types of teaming arrangements. The paper will examine this set of applications projects and present specific examples of successful use of Earth science in decision making. The paper will discuss scientific, organizational, and management factors that contribute to or impede the integration of the Earth science research in policy and management. The paper will also present new methods the Applied Sciences Program plans to implement to improve linkages between science and end users.

Friedl, L. A.; Cox, L.

2008-12-01

67

ASSOCIATE IN APPLIED SCIENCE IN NURSING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PROGRAM FOR ESTABLISHING AN ASSOCIATE IN APPLIED SCIENCE DEGREE IN NURSING AT THE MILWAUKEE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY IS DESCRIBED. INFORMATION COVERS--(1) REASONS FOR ESTABLISHING THE PROGRAM, (2) THE NEED FOR ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS IN NURSING, (3) CHARACTERISTICS, ADVANTAGES, AND GENERAL PHILOSOPHY OF ASSOCIATE DEGREE PROGRAMS, (3) THE PHILOSOPHY…

Milwaukee Inst. of Tech., WI.

68

Engineering and Applied Science, Recent Research Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains abstracts of technical reports and journal articles resulting from research funded by the National Science Foundation. Included in the collection are abstracts arranged in several categories: (1) electrical, computer, and systems engineering; (2) civil and mechanical engineering; (3) applied research; (4) problem-focused…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate of Engineering and Applied Science.

69

The Tojolabal Language and Their Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we make an initial attempt to introduce a form of social science amongst a Mayan people, the Tojolabales, that is different from its Western counterpart. In particular we show that their social science as well as their wider culture is predicated on neither subjectivity nor objectivity, but intersubjectivity, and that this intersubjectivity, in turn, is embedded in

Carlos Lenkersdorf

2006-01-01

70

Can the social sciences save bioethics?  

PubMed

John Evans proposes some ways in which the social sciences can improve bioethics: by recognizing that it is a profession, that it embrace the four principles advanced by Beauchamp and Childress over the years, and that ethical commissions and committees make use of social science research to determine and use the values of the public. All three of these proposals are challenged. PMID:24779315

Callahan, Daniel

2014-01-01

71

Characteristics of Citations in Social Science Monographs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

DISISS (Design of Information Systems in the Social Sciences) is a research project based at the University of Bath. The objective of the project is to carry out research necessary for the effective design of information systems in the social sciences, wh...

S. A. Roberts

1972-01-01

72

Science In a Social CONtext: Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science In a Social CONtext is a series of eight books based on the project SISCON-in-Schools. The books provide a new course in science and society for general studies at sixth-form level. The course has been specially designed to make scientific problems accessible to the non-scientist, as well as to explain the social aspects of science to the…

Addinell, Sue, Comp.; Solomon, Joan, Comp.

73

Literature and Bibliography of the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of this work sets forth some basic points concerning the nature of scientific work and the meaning of knowledge in science, and the patterns of organization and communication characteristic of the scientific world. It considers the ways in which the attributes of science manifest themselves in the social sciences and describes,…

Freides, Thelma

74

Improving interdisciplinary research: Integrating the social and natural sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between social sciences and natural sciences in the natural resource area is explored. Five barriers to joint involvement of the social and natural sciences include the weakness of the social sciences, a perceived illegitimacy of the social sciences, the punishments associated with interdisciplinary research, the lack of disciplinary support structures, and conflicts over power and control.Progress toward bringing

Thomas A. Heberlein

1988-01-01

75

EPIDEMIOLOGY IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES  

PubMed Central

The techniques and principles of epidemiology, so successfully utilized in the study and control of communicable diseases, should be applied to other mass phenomena in the community. The local health officer should apply them in his “diagnosis” of the sicknesses of his organized community. Epidemiological methods have been used to study mental diseases as well as chronic diseases, and an experiment in using epidemiological methods on the county level to study psychosocial disorders has been carried out. The impact of psychosocial episodes on somatic diseases is now generally accepted and well documented. Individual practitioners of medicine are becoming more interested in the significance of social tensions on the health of their patients. Public health physicians, specialists in preventive medicine, are the best equipped by training and experience to take the leadership in the application of epidemiological methods to sociomedical problems and are in a unique position to assist their colleagues in the private practice of medicine in providing modern helpful and meaningful health protection to their patients. Organized medicine might well become more cognizant of the sociological changes taking place in the nation as they relate to health and assume the responsibility for aggressive leadership in the anticipation of and the solution of these problems.

Chope, H. D.

1959-01-01

76

Sea Changes in Social Science Education: Woods Hole 2000. The Social Science Education Consortium Conference Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The agenda for the Social Science Education Consortium conference at Woods Hole (Massachusetts) was designed to continue a tradition of examining scholarship relative to the social sciences in K-12 education. The content focus for this volume, is political science, economics, and sociology. Following a "Foreword" (Matthew T. Downey; Joseph P.…

White, Charles S., Ed.

77

Putting Social Sciences to the Test - Assignments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The course is a new class on the topic of field (that is, 'in situ') and laboratory experiments in the social sciences - both what these experiments have taught and can teach us and how to conduct them.

Mit

78

International Conference on Applied Sciences (ICAS2013)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Conference on Applied Sciences (ICAS2013) took place in Wuhan, P R China from 26–27 October 2013 at the Military Economics Academy. The conference is regularly organized, alternately in Romania and in P R China, by ''Politehnica'' University of Timi?oara, Romania, and Military Economics Academy of Wuhan, P R China, with the aim to serve as a platform for the exchange of information between various areas of applied sciences, and to promote the communication between the scientists of different nations, countries and continents. The conference has been organized for the first time in 15–16 June 2012 at the Engineering Faculty of Hunedoara, Romania. The topics of the conference covered a comprehensive spectrum of issues: Economical sciences Engineering sciences Fundamental sciences Medical sciences The conference gathered qualified researchers whose expertise can be used to develop new engineering knowledge that has applicability potential in economics, defense, medicine, etc. The number of registered participants was nearly 90 from 5 countries. During the two days of the conference 4 invited and 36 oral talks were delivered. A few of the speakers deserve a special mention: Mircea Octavian Popoviciu, Academy of Romanian Scientist — Timi?oara Branch, Correlations between mechanical properties and cavitation erosion resistance for stainless steels with 12% chromium and variable contents of nickel; Carmen Eleonora H?r?u, ''Politehnica'' University of Timi?oara, SWOT analysis of Romania's integration in EU; Ding Hui, Military Economics Academy of Wuhan, Design and engineering analysis of material procurement mobile operation platform; Serban Rosu, University of Medicine and Pharmacy ''Victor Babe?'' Timi?oara, Cervical and facial infections — a real life threat, among others. Based on the work presented at the conference, 14 selected papers are included in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. These papers present new researches in the various fields of materials engineering, mechanical engineering, computers engineering, mathematical engineering and clinical engineering. It's our great pleasure to present this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering to the scientific community to promote further researches in these areas. We sincerely hope that the papers published in this volume will contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the respective fields. All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the ICAS2013 proceedings, Ludovic Dan Lemle and Yiwen Jiang. Special thanks should be directed to the organizing committee for their tremendous efforts in organizing the conference: General Chair Zhou Laixin, Military Economics Academy of Wuhan Co-chairs Du Qifa, Military Economics Academy of Wuhan Serban Viorel-Aurel, ''Politehnica'' University of Timi?oara Fen Youmei, Wuhan University Lin Pinghua, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Members Lin Darong, Military Economics Academy of Wuhan Guo Zhonghou, Military Economics Academy of Wuhan Sun Honghong, Military Economics Academy of Wuhan Liu Dong, Military Economics Academy of Wuhan We thank the authors for their contributions and we would also like to express our gratitude everyone who contributed to this conference, especially for the generous support of the sponsor: micromega S C Micro-Mega HD S A Ludovic Dan Lemle and Yiwen Jiang Coordinators of the Scientific Committee of ICAS2013 Deatails of organizers and members of the scientific commmittee are available in the PDF

Lemle, Ludovic Dan; Jiang, Yiwen

2014-03-01

79

Network Analysis in Comparative Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay describes the pertinence of Social Network Analysis (SNA) for the social sciences in general, and discusses its methodological and conceptual implications for comparative research in particular. The authors first present a basic summary of the theoretical and methodological assumptions of SNA, followed by a succinct overview of its…

Vera, Eugenia Roldan; Schupp, Thomas

2006-01-01

80

New trends in urban social science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper looks critically at the lines of development of international urban social science research, and specifically at the role and significance of international networks and defines a research agenda for the present through a closer look at the UNESCO MOST programme on the ‘Management of Social Transformation’ which places an emphasis on urban research.

Bernd Hamm

1995-01-01

81

Environmental science as a social process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The felt need for better environmental information for planners and voters is based on maladaptive beliefs about the nature of knowledge and social order. Because there is not a meta-model which links the individual environmental sciences into a coherent whole, understanding complex environmental problems is necessarily a process of discourse between scientists from separate sciences—a process of gaining trust, building

Richard B. Norgaard

1992-01-01

82

Ethics and Social Responsibility in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions of ethics and social responsibility are considered by many to be important issues in science education. Teachers are being exposed to the difficult task of dealing with global problems and values. This book contains papers which deal with this apparent dilemma, raising questions about the responsibilities of science educators in the…

Frazer, M. J., Ed.; Kornhauser, A., Ed.

83

Science Education in Two-Year Colleges: Interdisciplinary Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anthropology and interdisciplinary social sciences (ISS) education at two-year colleges are examined as revealed in a study of science education conducted by the Center for the Study of Community Colleges that involved a review of the literature, an examination of the catalogs and class schedules from 175 institutions, and a survey of 1,125…

Beckwith, Miriam M.

84

Kinetic exchange models: From molecular physics to social science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss several multi-agent models that have their origin in the kinetic exchange theory of statistical mechanics and have been recently applied to a variety of problems in the social sciences. This class of models can be easily adapted for simulations in areas other than physics, such as the modeling of income and wealth distributions in economics and opinion dynamics in sociology.

Patriarca, Marco; Chakraborti, Anirban

2013-08-01

85

The Origins of Finite Mathematics: The Social Science Connection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguably the first significant innovation in the undergraduate mathematics curriculum of the second half of the twentieth century was the finite mathematics course. The origins of this course lie in the excitement that arose, in the period around World War II, about applying mathematics to the social sciences. In this article we tell some of that…

Meyer, Walter

2007-01-01

86

Citizenship and Social Justice in Urban Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes, and then applies a newly developed framework for classroom citizenship as an entry point into addressing social justice issues in urban science classrooms. The author provides in-depth descriptions of cogenerative dialogues, coteaching, and cosmopolitanism (3Cs), and presents this triad of tools as an approach to…

Emdin, Christopher

2011-01-01

87

Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Science (ELSI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Science Web site is especially suitable for middle and high school students and teachers and tackles hard issues that face contemporary scientists every day. Connect to the ELSI pages to see a discussion of basic vs. applied research, equal access to medical screening, indoor air pollution, and personal privacy and medical databases.

2005-10-31

88

Contributions of Social Science to Innovation and Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses social science as an aid to decision making, as a source of social technology, and as a tool for understanding innovation and productivity. Identifies factors that limit the utilization of social science in innovation and productivity research. (GC)

Tornatzky, Louis G.; And Others

1982-01-01

89

High-Impact Applied Social Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in social psychology will be more useful to society if researchers incorporate evaluation research into their inquiries. Evaluation research is interpreted to include overall assessment of a program or project as well as methodological procedures used to assess implementation and outcome of social and cultural action programs.…

Saks, Michael J.

90

Applying social impact assessment to nursing research.  

PubMed

Many nurses need to construct a research proposal at some stage of their career and there are multiple texts that provide guidance on doing so. However, most texts do not provide explicit guidance on the issue of social impact - the effect of research on the social health and wellbeing of individuals, families and communities and on the improved performance of relevant services. This article proposes that social impact should be considered from the beginning of a research project. It outlines a framework for assessing social impact to help strengthen the quality of research proposals and assist nurses constructing the proposal and also those evaluating it, including academic assessors or funding body reviewers. Nursing research should be useful and should have a positive effect on practice. Focusing on social impact can increase the chances of this desirable outcome. PMID:25074122

Bradbury-Jones, Caroline; Taylor, Julie

2014-07-30

91

FY 1990 Applied Sciences Branch annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Applied Sciences Branch actively supports the advancement of DOE/SERI goals for the development and implementation of the solar photovoltaic technology. The primary focus of the laboratories is to provide state-of-the-art analytical capabilities for materials and device characterization and fabrication. The branch houses a comprehensive facility which is capable of providing information on the full range of photovoltaic components. A major objective of the branch is to aggressively pursue collaborative research with other government laboratories, universities, and industrial firms for the advancement of photovoltaic technologies. Members of the branch disseminate research findings to the technical community in publications and presentations. This report contains information on surface and interface analysis, materials characterization, development, electro-optical characterization module testing and performance, surface interactions and FTIR spectroscopy.

Keyes, B.M.; Dippo, P.C. (eds.)

1991-11-01

92

Race and the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this collection of essays is on the formulation of research goals and strategies needed for practical solutions to improve race relations. Herbert H. Hyman writes on the effect of Negro social change on white attitudes about the Negro. Thomas F. Pettigrew defines research priorities for desegregation in the public schools. A broad…

Katz, Irwin, Ed.; Gurin, Patricia, Ed.

93

[The teaching of social sciences in health: between practice and theory].  

PubMed

The models of teaching social sciences and clinical practice are insufficient for the needs of practical-reflective teaching of social sciences applied to health. The scope of this article is to reflect on the challenges and perspectives of social science education for health professionals. In the 1950s the important movement bringing together social sciences and the field of health began, however weak credentials still prevail. This is due to the low professional status of social scientists in health and the ill-defined position of the social sciences professionals in the health field. It is also due to the scant importance attributed by students to the social sciences, the small number of professionals and the colonization of the social sciences by the biomedical culture in the health field. Thus, the professionals of social sciences applied to health are also faced with the need to build an identity, even after six decades of their presence in the field of health. This is because their ambivalent status has established them as a partial, incomplete and virtual presence, requiring a complex survival strategy in the nebulous area between social sciences and health. PMID:24820588

Barros, Nelson Filice de

2014-04-01

94

Survey Nonresponse Bias in Social Science Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys continue to be one of the primary research methods in social science research, as they have been useful for exploring subjects ranging from attitudes and intentions to motivations and behaviors, to name but a few. Notwithstanding, response rates in survey research continue to decline despite the development of more systematic procedures to…

Reio, Thomas G., Jr.

2007-01-01

95

Africa: A Social Studies and Science Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet was designed to help teachers maximize a visit to a zoo's Africa exhibit. The packet provides two levels of activities, grades 3-5, and grades 6-8, for use before, during and after the visit. Activities are designed to enhance skills taught in science, social studies, language arts, reading, art, and math. A multi-grade background…

Holboke, Kathy; And Others

96

A Social Science Perspective on Flood Events  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The presentation raises important issues of how floods and other disasters, including land-falling hurricanes and their related warnings, affect public attitudes and actions. Awareness of these social science considerations is important for persons responsible for public weather warnings as well as other types of public interaction.

Spangler, Tim

1998-01-01

97

SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH METHODS IN INTERNET TIME  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses three interrelated challenges related to conducting social science research in ‘Internet Time’. (1) The rate at which the Internet is both diffusing through society and developing new capacities is unprecedented. It creates some novel challenges for scholarly research. (2) Many of our most robust research methods are based upon ceteris paribus assumptions that do not hold in

David Karpf

2012-01-01

98

Social Science Reasoning Using Statistics (ECO 138)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jack Chizmar, Department of Economics, Illinois State University, outlines how to describe, produce, and draw conclusions from data at ECON 131: Social Science Reasoning Using Statistics. Chizmar provides an engaging introduction to using statistics in addition to sample exams, readings, and the opportunity to comment on the course design.

Chizmar, John F.

99

Major Federal Regulations Governing Social Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides administrators, project leaders, and researchers with information about major federal regulations governing research in the social sciences. The report is presented in five major chapters. Chapter I identifies the report's limitations. For example, it describes only statutory and regulatory provisions and covers only domestic…

Gandara, Arturo

100

Does Social Background Influence Political Science Grades?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper tests a hypothesized linear relationship between social background and final grades in several political science courses that I taught at the University of Central Arkansas. I employ a cross-sectional research design and ordinary least square (OLS) estimators to test the foregoing hypothesis. Relying on a sample of up to 204…

Tiruneh, Gizachew

2013-01-01

101

"Vague and artificial": the historically elusive distinction between pure and applied science.  

PubMed

This essay argues for the historicity of applied science as a contested category within laissez-faire Victorian British science. This distinctively pre-twentieth-century notion of applied science as a self-sustaining, autonomous enterprise was thrown into relief from the 1880s by a campaign on the part of T. H. Huxley and his followers to promote instead the primacy of "pure" science. Their attempt to relegate applied science to secondary status involved radically reconfiguring it as the mere application of pre-existing pure science. This new notion of extrinsically funded pure science that would produce only contingently future social benefits as a mere by-product came under pressure during World War I, when military priorities focused attention once again on science for immediate utility. This threatened the Cambridge-based promoters of self-referential pure science who collectively published Science and the Nation in 1917. Yet most contributors to this work discussed forms of "applied" science that had no prior "pure" form. Even the U.K.'s leading government scientist, Lord Moulton, dismissed the book's provocative distinction between pure and applied science as unhelpfully "vague and artificial." PMID:23286193

Gooday, Graeme

2012-09-01

102

Social Scholarship: Applying Social Networking Technologies to Research Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participatory web-based technologies have the potential to change the way scholars engage in scholarship. One reason Web 2.0 technologies, such as online social networking, are not widely integrated in PreK-12 and postsecondary education is the lack of modeling by educators. Their lack of research-based best practices limits the ability to…

Greenhow, Christine

2009-01-01

103

Research in Applied Mathematics, Fluid Mechanics and Computer Science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, fluid mechanics, and computer science during the period October 1, 1998 through March 31, 1999.

1999-01-01

104

[Research activities in applied mathematics, fluid mechanics, and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, fluid mechanics, and computer science during the period April 1, 1995 through September 30, 1995.

1995-01-01

105

Research Objectives for the Applied Mathematical Sciences Research Subprogram.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes areas of research in applied mathematics and computer science that are important to the Department of Energy. The interest of the Department of all aspects of computational science has increased because of recent advances in superc...

1986-01-01

106

Politics and Social Sciences in Brazil: 1964-85.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes the rapid rise of social sciences within universities of Brazil during the 1960s and 1970s. Identifies the interrelationships among the social sciences in Brazilian universities and their involvement with political developments. (JDH)

de Oliveira, Francisco

1987-01-01

107

Science, Skepticism, and Applied Behavior Analysis  

PubMed Central

Pseudoscientific claims concerning medical and psychological treatments of all varieties are commonplace. As behavior analysts, a sound skeptical approach to our science and practice is essential. The present paper offers an overview of science and skepticism and discusses the relationship of skepticism to behavior analysis, with an emphasis on the types of issues concerning behavior analysts in practice.

Normand, Matthew P

2008-01-01

108

Access: news and blog analysis for the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social sciences strive to understand the political, social, and cultural world around us, but have been impaired by limited access to the quantitative data sources enjoyed by the hard sciences. Careful analysis of Web document streams holds enormous potential to solve longstanding problems in a variety of social science disciplines through massive data analysis. This paper introduces the TextMap

Mikhail Bautin; Charles B. Ward; Akshay Patil; Steven S. Skiena

2010-01-01

109

Post-conflict societies and the social sciences: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper serves as the Editorial Introduction that heads the special issue on post-conflict societies in the social sciences and it reviews the growing literature on this topic. The field offers an interdisciplinary space not just for the various social sciences to interface, but for social science to encounter theology, philosophy and ethics. The field can be divided into three

John Brewer; Bernadette C. Hayes

2011-01-01

110

A Student's Guide to Conducting Social Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes activities, methods, and materials which can be used in conducting a beginning-level social-science research project. Designed for secondary and college students as a laboratory component of a social studies or social science course, it provides ideas for firsthand experience in the methods used by social scientists for their…

Bunker, Barbara Benedict; And Others

111

Introduction: social science perspectives on the 2012 London Olympic Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This symposium arises from a public event held on 14 March 2008 by the Academy of Social Sciences, in cooperation with the University of East London, as part of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 2008 Festival of Social Sciences. The purpose of the symposium is to explore the contribution which social scientists can make to the understanding of

Michael Rustin

2008-01-01

112

Research methods from social science can contribute much to the health sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Research methods from social science, such as social network analysis, random coefficient modeling, and advanced measurement techniques, can contribute much to the health sciences. There is, however, a slow rate of transmission of social science methodology into the health sciences. This paper identifies some of the barriers for adoption and proposes ideas for the future. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING:

Michel Wensing

2008-01-01

113

Social and Human Sciences for Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In autumn 2007 for the first time, to our knowledge, a workshop entitled "social and human sciences for space" was organized. This workshop was held in Toulouse, France, after several meetings of a work group formed with representatives from space sectors and from various specialties in human and social sciences. The idea in forming this work group and the workshop was to determine whether both domains would benefit through close collaboration. During several meetings and through e-mail exchanges, lists of topics that have allowed joint work as well as a long list of topics for future studies have been drawn up. The conclusion of the workshop will be presented and recommendations to both space and SHS communities presented and commented. The Toulouse area is a center of excellence for space as well as for SHS. It is therefore planned to use this proximity to develop joint actions. Since the autumn workshop several studies have been launched, especially through doctorates.

Hernandez, Daniel

114

Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first Scout Report for Social Sciences is available. The first volume features over 20 subject specific annotations in the report. The report contains research resources, learning tools, general resources, and current awareness, as well as an In the News section highlighting a recent news story and pointing to relevent Internet resources. In addition, the report links to a current awareness meta-page for its topic, a page that contains pointers to sources of new journals, working papers, data, book listings, etc.

1997-01-01

115

Science and Social Studies in a Nutshell  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This articles discusses three practicum students and how they took students' interests in peanuts and expanded it into a full unit concerning nuts and the history behind them. In addition to observing, classifying, and measuring nuts, the students learned valuable history lessons. The teachers found a successful way to integrate science and social studies while also discovering that learning takes place naturally when the kids find something that they are truly interested in.

Edwards, Linda; Nabors, Martha L.; Janas, Monica; Branscombe, N. A.

2005-03-01

116

How to compare the social foundations of science culture: A trial with five cities in Korea.  

PubMed

Though there have been several indicator systems to monitor the status quo of science and technology and of scientific literacy, few are especially designed for science culture, especially for its social dimension. Furthermore there is little agreement on how to measure it. In a previous study, an indicator system, SCI (Science Culture Indicators), had been developed to monitor the status quo of the science culture of a nation at both individual and social dimensions. The purpose of this study was to explore a practical way to measure and compare local cities' social foundation of science culture by revising and standardizing the social dimension of SCI and by applying it to five metropolitan cities in Korea. Despite some limits, the results of this study appear not only to reflect the cities' current situations but also to show the strength and weakness of their social foundation of science culture. PMID:23832888

Song, Jinwoong; Chung, Minkyung; Choi, Eunjeong; Kim, Leekyoung; Cho, Sook-Kyoung

2013-01-01

117

Behavioral and social sciences theories and models: are they used in unintentional injury prevention research?  

PubMed

Behavioral and social sciences theories and models have the potential to enhance efforts to reduce unintentional injuries. The authors reviewed the published literature on behavioral and social science theory applications to unintentional injury problems to enumerate and categorize the ways different theories and models are used in injury prevention research. The authors conducted a systematic review to evaluate the published literature from 1980 to 2001 on behavioral and social science theory applications to unintentional injury prevention and control. Electronic database searches in PubMed and PsycINFO identified articles that combined behavioral and social sciences theories and models and injury causes. The authors identified some articles that examined behavioral and social science theories and models and unintentional injury topics, but found that several important theories have never been applied to unintentional injury prevention. Among the articles identified, the PRECEDE PROCEED Model was cited most frequently, followed by the Theory of Reasoned Action/Theory of Planned Behavior and Health Belief Model. When behavioral and social sciences theories and models were applied to unintentional injury topics, they were most frequently used to guide program design, implementation or develop evaluation measures; few examples of theory testing were found. Results suggest that the use of behavioral and social sciences theories and models in unintentional injury prevention research is only marginally represented in the mainstream, peer-reviewed literature. Both the fields of injury prevention and behavioral and social sciences could benefit from greater collaborative research to enhance behavioral approaches to injury control. PMID:15632096

Trifiletti, L B; Gielen, A C; Sleet, D A; Hopkins, K

2005-06-01

118

Physics and social science — The approach of synergetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universally applicable methods originating in statistical physics and synergetics are combined with concepts from social science in order to set up and to apply a model construction concept for the quantitative description of a broad class of collective dynamical phenomena within society. Starting from the decisions of individuals and introducing the concept of dynamical utilities, probabilistic transition rates between attitudes and actions can be constructed. The latter enter the central equation of motion, i.e. the master equation, for the probability distribution over the possible macroconfigurations of society. From the master equation the equations of motion for the expectation values of the macrovariables of society can be derived. These equations are in general nonlinear. Their solutions may include stationary solutions, limit cycles and strange attractors, and with varying trend parameters also phase transitions between different modes of social behaviour can be described. The general model construction approach is subsequently applied to characteristic examples from different social sciences, such as sociology, demography, regional science and economics. These examples refer to collective political opinion formation, to interregional migration of interactive populations, to settlement formation on the micro-, meso- and macroscale, and to nonlinear nonequilibrium economics, including market instabilities.

Weidlich, Wolfgang

1991-05-01

119

Applying colour science in colour design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although colour science has been widely used in a variety of industries over the years, it has not been fully explored in the field of product design. This paper will initially introduce the three main application fields of colour science: colour specification, colour-difference evaluation and colour appearance modelling. By integrating these advanced colour technologies together with modern colour imaging devices such as display, camera, scanner and printer, some computer systems have been recently developed to assist designers for designing colour palettes through colour selection by means of a number of widely used colour order systems, for creating harmonised colour schemes via a categorical colour system, for generating emotion colours using various colour emotional scales and for facilitating colour naming via a colour-name library. All systems are also capable of providing accurate colour representation on displays and output to different imaging devices such as printers.

Luo, Ming Ronnier

2006-06-01

120

Enhancing Social Presence in Online Learning: Mediation Strategies Applied to Social Networking Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploration of the mediation strategies applied to social networking tools for purposes of enhancing social presence for students participating in online course work. The article includes a review of the literature, specific examples from the authors' professional practice and recommendations for creating a positive social experience for online…

Joyce, Kristopher M.; Brown, Abbie

2009-01-01

121

Promoting innovation based on social sciences and technologies: the prospect of a social innovation park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obviously Sir Francis Bacon's phrase “Knowledge is Power” refers not only to natural science and technology, aiming at understanding natural phenomena and obtaining material wealth, but also to social sciences and technologies, concerning social ideals and seeking harmonious and sustainable development in society. Innovation and entrepreneurship based on natural sciences and technologies have facilitated science and technology parks in the

Anders Lundström; Chunyan Zhou

2011-01-01

122

The Social Sciences and the Comparative Study of Educational Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aiming at the comprehension of schools as social, political, economic, and cultural systems, this book suggests that education does not constitute a separate academic discipline but is dependent upon the social sciences for its elucidation and for its comparative study. The book emphasizes interdisciplinary approaches within four social sciences

Fischer, Joseph, Ed.

123

The social science PhD: A literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the Winfield Report on the social science PhD and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) response to it, this literature review examines what research has been accomplished on the process of doctoral education in the social sciences. The review encompasses the debate over whether the focus of doctoral research should be education or training. Also examined are such

John Hockey

1991-01-01

124

The Obama Administration: what can social science offer?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the 2009 Academy of Social Sciences annual debate about prospects for the new United States administration. Just half way into the ‘first hundred days’ of President Barack Obama's term, a panel of social scientists, convened by Philip Davies, Director of the British Library's Eccles Centre for American Studies, addressed the question of what social science could

Philip Davies; Dilys Hill; Andrew Rudalevige; George C. Edwards III; Jenel Virden; Robert Singh

2009-01-01

125

Specialties and disciplines in science and social science: An examination of their structure using citation indexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technique of co-citation cluster analysis is applied to a special three-year (1972–1974) file of theSocial Sciences Citation Index. An algorithm is devised for identifying clusters which belong to a discipline based on the percentage of source documents which appear in a disciplinary journal set. Clusters in three disciplines (economics, sociology and psychology) are identified using this algorthm. Clusters in

H. G. Small; D. Crane

1979-01-01

126

Toward Acceptable Domestic Robots: Applying Insights from Social Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social psychology offers a perspective on the ac- ceptance and adoption of technology that is not often con- sidered in technical circles. In this paper, we discuss several adoption-of-technology models with respect to the accep- tance of domestic robots: we examine social-psychology lit- erature and apply it directly to human-robot interaction. We raise key points that we feel will be

James Everett Young; Richard Hawkins; Ehud Sharlin; Takeo Igarashi

2009-01-01

127

Bridging social and geo-sciences data with GIS (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Society and climate are co-evolving in a manner that could place more vulnerable populations at risk from exposure to weather and climate stresses. Understanding risks and vulnerabilities to weather hazards and climate change requires an interdisciplinary approach, that includes information about weather, climate, the natural and built environment and social processes and characteristics. Recent advances in GIS science and technology and developments in interoperability standards provide opportunities for innovative coupling of geo- and social sciences data and model outputs in GIS systems. This presentation will provide an overview of research directions for integrating the geo- and social sciences applied to extreme weather events and climate change, and discuss challenges of conducting interdisciplinary spatial research at various scales of analysis. We will explore linkages between quantitative and qualitative data for a more comprehensive understanding of local-level vulnerability and adaptive capacity. A methodology for coupling household-level survey data, collected in 2009 in Phoenix, AZ, with municipal and regional-scale spatial vulnerability models will be presented.

Wilhelmi, O.; Hayden, M.

2009-12-01

128

Differences in short-term memory span of social sciences, science and engineering, and business majors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the difference in the short-term memory span of students of three major groups, namely Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, and Business. This study was designed to answer the following two questions: (1) Is there a difference between short-term memory span, measured by digit span, among the students in or intended for Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, and

Naeem Ullah Khan

2000-01-01

129

Developing partnerships for health and social science research: The International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN) social science component  

Microsoft Academic Search

A decade after its inception, the International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN) adopted a social science component. Health social science concepts were added to a physician training curriculum encompassing epidemiology, biostatistics and clinical economics, and a position was created for qualified social scientists at 26 clinical epidemiology units in developing country medical schools. This paper describes the INCLEN model for strengthening

Nick Higginbotham

1992-01-01

130

Welding As Science: Applying Basic Engineering Principles to the Discipline  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Technical Memorandum provides sample problems illustrating ways in which basic engineering science has been applied to the discipline of welding. Perhaps inferences may be drawn regarding optimal approaches to particular welding problems, as well as for the optimal education for welding engineers. Perhaps also some readers may be attracted to the science(s) of welding and may make worthwhile contributions to the discipline.

Nunes, A. C., Jr.

2010-01-01

131

NASA's Applied Sciences: Natural Disasters Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fully utilize current and near-term airborne and spaceborne assets and capabilities. NASA spaceborne instruments are for research but can be applied to natural disaster response as appropriate. NASA airborne instruments can be targeted specifically for disaster response. Could impact research programs. Better flow of information improves disaster response. Catalog capability, product, applicable disaster, points of contact. Ownership needs to come from the highest level of NASA - unpredictable and irregular nature of disasters requires contingency funding for disaster response. Build-in transfer of applicable natural disaster research capabilities to operational functionality at other agencies (e.g., USFS, NOAA, FEMA...) at the outset, whenever possible. For the Decadal Survey Missions, opportunities exist to identify needs and requirements early in the mission design process. Need to understand additional needs and commitments for meeting the needs of the disaster community. Opportunity to maximize disaster response and mitigation from the Decadal Survey Missions. Additional needs or capabilities may require agency contributions.

Kessler, Jason L.

2010-01-01

132

NASA'S Water Resources Element Within the Applied Sciences Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NASA Earth Systems Division has the primary responsibility for the Applied Science Program and the objective to accelerate the use of NASA science results in applications to help solve problems important to society and the economy. The primary goal of...

B. Doorn D. Toll E. Engman

2011-01-01

133

Applied Science and Research Applications: Recent Research Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains abstracts of new technical reports and other documents resulting from research supported by the directorate for Applied Science and Research Applications of the National Science Foundation. Research reports from current programs include work in the areas of public policy and regulation; public service delivery and urban…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate for Applied Science and Research Applications.

134

Social Sciences for the 1980s: From Rhetoric to Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Western social science concepts are unproductive in third world situations. The need for decolonization and self-reliance reflects the need for social scientists in developing nations to construct their own research methods and criteria. (KC)

Dube, S. C.

1982-01-01

135

The emergence of social science research on nanotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the development of social science literature focused on the emerging area of nanotechnology. It is guided\\u000a by the exploratory proposition that early social science work on emerging technologies will draw on science and engineering\\u000a literature on the technology in question to frame its investigative activities, but as the technologies and societal investments\\u000a in them progress, social scientists

Philip Shapira; Jan L. Youtie; Alan L. Porter

2010-01-01

136

A New Way of Thinking about Social Location in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Durkheimian concept of the density of social relationships may prove more fruitful than the historical materialist notion of a social hierarchy for thinking about the social location of epistemic agents in science. To define a scientist's social location in terms of the density of her professional relationships with other scientists permits us…

Schmaus, Warren

2008-01-01

137

How can social network analysis contribute to social behavior research in applied ethology?  

PubMed Central

Social network analysis is increasingly used by behavioral ecologists and primatologists to describe the patterns and quality of interactions among individuals. We provide an overview of this methodology, with examples illustrating how it can be used to study social behavior in applied contexts. Like most kinds of social interaction analyses, social network analysis provides information about direct relationships (e.g. dominant–subordinate relationships). However, it also generates a more global model of social organization that determines how individual patterns of social interaction relate to individual and group characteristics. A particular strength of this approach is that it provides standardized mathematical methods for calculating metrics of sociality across levels of social organization, from the population and group levels to the individual level. At the group level these metrics can be used to track changes in social network structures over time, evaluate the effect of the environment on social network structure, or compare social structures across groups, populations or species. At the individual level, the metrics allow quantification of the heterogeneity of social experience within groups and identification of individuals who may play especially important roles in maintaining social stability or information flow throughout the network.

Makagon, Maja M.; McCowan, Brenda; Mench, Joy A.

2013-01-01

138

How to Teach for Social Justice: Lessons from "Uncle Tom's Cabin" and Cognitive Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explains how principles of cognitive science can help teachers of literature use texts as a means of increasing students' commitment to social justice. Applying these principles to a particular work, Uncle Tom's Cabin, he calls particular attention to the relationship between cognitive science and literary schemes for building reader…

Bracher, Mark

2009-01-01

139

Science-Related Social Issues: Challenges for the Social Studies. ERIC Digest No. 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background, rationale, and promising practices for teaching about science-related social issues in the science and social studies classroom are presented. Material is divided into five sections, each introduced with a topical question. The first section considers the challenges associated with the pervasive influences of science and technology in…

Patrick, John J.; Remy, Richard C.

140

The Influence of Social Science Theories on the Conceptualization of Poverty in Social Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poverty has been a widely explored issue that has been debated across many social science academic disciplines. Due to its multi-dimensional nature, different interpretations of the causes of poverty have been put forth. This analysis examines the theories of poverty from five social science disciplines: psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, and political science. While some of these ideas have evolved since

Catherine M. Vu

2010-01-01

141

H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The highlight of the Humanities Online Web site at Michigan State University is the H-Net List of Lists, a page containing over 75 scholarly discussion lists from H-Africa to H-World, as well as several humanities lists not affiliated with H-Net. Each listing contains subscription information, and may also contain discussion logs, reviews of scholarly works, calls for papers, conference announcements, grant, scholarship and fellowship information, and links to related sites when available. In addition, H-Net includes: a Review Project with hundreds of book reviews that can be sorted by discussion list, author, reviewer, or date; a weekly Job Guide; reports by the National Coordinating Committee for the Promotion of History (NCC), and selected links to humanities and social science sites.

1995-01-01

142

Fieldwork and social science research ethics.  

PubMed

Fieldwork as a part of social science research brings the researcher closest to the subject of research. It is a dynamic process where there is an exchange between the researcher, participants, stakeholders, gatekeepers, the community and the larger sociopolitical context in which the research problem is located. Ethical dilemmas that surface during fieldwork often pose a unique challenge to the researcher. This paper is based on field experiences during an action research study conducted with a human rights perspective. It discusses the role conflict that researchers face during fieldwork in a situation of humanitarian crisis. It raises issues pertaining to the need to extend the ethical decision-making paradigm to address ethical dilemmas arising during the course of fieldwork. PMID:18630249

Contractor, Qudsiya

2008-01-01

143

Applying social learning theory to childhood and adolescent firesetting: can it lead to serial murder?  

PubMed

Despite the fact that serial murder has existed for centuries, it has been given little academic attention in the social science literature. Existing studies have primarily examined the motivational factors involved in the commission of serial murder. However, research examining the childhood and adolescent backgrounds of serial murderers is scant. Based on three case studies of serial murderers, this study contributes to the existing literature by exploring the possible link between childhood and/or adolescent fire setting and adult serial murder by applying social learning theory. PMID:15245657

Singer, Stephen D; Hensley, Christopher

2004-08-01

144

Social Science Research under Siege: Scarcity or Conspiracy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Threats to social science research progress include decreasing federal support for social science research, restrictions on access to data, the privatization of public research, and the politicization of professional processes associated with research support. Explanations for these threats are explored. (Author/RM)

Kirkpatrick, Samuel A.

1983-01-01

145

Social Sciences and Space Exploration: New Directions for University Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1970s, efforts to teach and research the social science and humanities aspects of the space program were reintensified. A 1978 survey of faculty suggested the need for a single volume that united introductory material on the various social science disciplines and the classroom experience of faculty already teaching in the field. This…

Cheston, T. Stephen; And Others

146

Graduate thesis studies about using material at social science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graduate thesis work in the field of social sciences in Turkey is increasing rapidly. Especially in 1998, the process of restructuring of faculties of education provides to an increase in both of quality and quantity of master studies in the field of social sciences as with other areas. In addition, since 2005, transition to a constructivist approach at curriculum also

?ahin Oruç; Burcu Teymuro?lu

2011-01-01

147

Teaching and Learning about Science and Social Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph explores aspects of science and technology in contemporary society and suggests methods for teaching about social policy issues which have resulted from scientific and technological developments. Section one offers an argument for teaching about science and social policy; surveys the sociology, politics, and history of contemporary…

Benne, Kenneth D.; Birnbaum, Max

148

The Reformed Social Sciences to Reform the University: Mission Impossible?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core argument is that social science must re-examine its mission and praxis in order to be a significant player in future higher education. This article reviews the results and prospects arising from a four-year international project. Originating in Greenwood and Levin's concern about the social sciences, the project, funded by the Ford…

Greenwood, Davydd J.; Levin, Morten

2008-01-01

149

Describing a social science data information system, networks and components  

Microsoft Academic Search

The acquisition of data has taken its place with the acquisition of literature as a first-order information problem for social science practitioners, researchers, and students. The traditional mechanisms of information dissemination have been serial publications and professional meetings which provide linkages for social science practitioners and researchers, while monographs and textbooks serve the basic needs of students. Brittain (1), however,

Paul E. Peters

1974-01-01

150

Integrating Social Science and Genetics: News from the Political Front  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been growing interest in the use of genetic models to expand the understanding of political preferences, attitudes, and behaviors. Researchers in the social sciences have begun incorporating these models and have revealed that genetic differences account for individual differences in political beliefs, behaviors, and responses to the political environment. The first Integrating Genetics and the Social Sciences Conference,

Peter K. Hatemi; Christopher T. Dawes; Amanda Frost-Keller; Jaime E. Settle; Brad Verhulst

2011-01-01

151

Gaga over Google? Scholar in the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide a summary of the main features of Google Scholar. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reviews, contextualizes and provides a summary of Google Scholar. Findings – This article compares the results of a sample search on “homeschooling in Google Scholar against the results in three fee-based article index databases in the social sciences: PsycINFO, Social Science Citation Index, and ERIC.

Susan Gardner; Susanna Eng

2005-01-01

152

Science and Social Studies for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science and social studies have much to offer to all learners--including those with disabilities. However, instruction in these subjects has often been overlooked in the quest to better understand and improve leaning in English/language arts and mathematics. As we demonstrate in this paper, science and social studies help students attain skills,…

Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.; Okolo, Cynthia M.

2008-01-01

153

Science/Technology/Society in the Social Studies. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current trend to include the relationships of science and technology to human societies in the social studies curriculum is the focus of this ERIC Digest. The Digest discusses: (1) major themes in education on science/technology/society (STS); (2) the rationale for emphasizing STS in the social studies; and (3) how to include STS in the…

Heath, Phillip A.

154

Adult Education: A Focus for the Social Sciences. Series 170.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents an adult educator's perspective on the social sciences and the goal and vision of adult education. Adult education is defined as a social science and as a field of practice based on a unique body of theory and knowledge. The discovery of meaning through relevant research is discussed. Various barriers that prevent people from…

Draper, James A.

155

Science Education and Human Rights: Explorations into Critical Social Consciousness and Postmodern Science Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human-rights education can be realized in the science classroom. Taught from a critical postmodern perspective, science can serve the interest of social justice while embracing a teaching dialectic fostering critical social consciousness. First, science educators must examine scientific theory's role in promoting both human welfare and injustice.…

Jennings, Todd E.; Eichinger, John

1999-01-01

156

Social Psychology, Social Science, and Economics: Twentieth Century Progress and Problems, Twenty-First Century Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stimulated by social scientists' and especially social psychologists' contributions during World War II, as well as by America's post-war economic and population growth, the period from 1945 to 1970 was widely viewed as a "Golden Age" for American social science. Interdisciplinary social psychology arguably was in the vanguard of these…

House, James S.

2008-01-01

157

Research in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE) in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science is summarized and abstracts of published reports are presented. The major categories of the ICASE research program are: (1) numerical methods, with particular emphasis on the development and analysis of basic numerical algorithms; (2) control and parameter identification; (3) computational problems in engineering and the physical sciences, particularly fluid dynamics, acoustics, and structural analysis; and (4) computer systems and software, especially vector and parallel computers.

1984-01-01

158

Social Sciences in Asia I: Bangladesh, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, Thailand. Reports and Papers in the Social Sciences, No. 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series which provides overviews of social science research and teaching in UNESCO member nations, the document focuses on Bangladesh, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Thailand. One chapter is devoted to each of the five nations. Chapter I discusses social science teaching at major universities in Bangladesh and recommends that research…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

159

Ways of Living. Science In a Social CONtext.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science In a Social CONtext is a series of eight books based on the project SISCON-in-Schools. The books provide a new course in science and society for general studies at sixth-form level. The course has been specially designed to make scientific problems accessible to the non-scientist, as well as to explain the social aspects of science to the…

Solomon, Joan

160

Evolution and the Human Population. Science In a Social CONtext.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science In a Social CONtext is a series of eight books based on the project SISCON-in-Schools. The books provide a new course in science and society for general studies at sixth-form level. The course has been specially designed to make scientific problems accessible to the non-scientist, as well as to explain the social aspects of science to the…

Solomon, Joan

161

77 FR 70482 - Notice of Establishment of a NASA Federal Advisory Committee; Applied Sciences Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...group under the auspices of the Earth Science Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory...planning and prioritizing the Earth Science Division's Applied Sciences...recommendations to the Director, Earth Science Division, Science Mission...

2012-11-26

162

NASA Applied Sciences Program Rapid Prototyping Results and Conclusions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Applied Sciences Program seeks to expand the use of Earth science research results to benefit current and future operational systems tasked with making policy and management decisions. The Earth Science Division within the Science Mission Directorate sponsors over 1000 research projects annually to answer the fundamental research question: How is the Earth changing and what are the consequences for life on Earth? As research results become available, largely from satellite observations and Earth system model outputs, the Applied Sciences Program works diligently with scientists and researchers (internal and external to NASA) , and other government agency officials (USDA, EPA, CDC, DOE, US Forest Service, US Fish and Wildlife Service, DHS, USAID) to determine useful applications for these results in decision-making, ultimately benefiting society. The complexity of Earth science research results and the breadth of the Applied Sciences Program national priority areas dictate a broad scope and multiple approaches available to implement their use in decision-making. Over the past five years, the Applied Sciences Program has examined scientific and engineering practices and solicited the community for methods and steps that can lead to the enhancement of operational systems (Decision Support Systems - DSS) required for decision-making. In November 2006, the Applied Sciences Program launched an initiative aimed at demonstrating the applicability of NASA data (satellite observations, models, geophysical parameters from data archive centers) being incorporated into decision support systems and their related environments at a low cost and quick turnaround of results., i.e. designed rapid prototyping. Conceptually, an understanding of Earth science research (and results) coupled with decision-making requirements and needs leads to a demonstration (experiment) depicting enhancements or improvements to an operational decisions process through the use of NASA data. Five NASA centers (GSFC, LaRC, SSC, MSFC, ARC) participated and are currently conducting fifteen prototyping experiments covering eight of the twelve national priority applications - Energy, Coastal, Carbon, and Disaster Management; Agricultural Efficiency, Aviation, Air Quality, and Ecological Forecasting. Results from six experiments will be discussed highlighting purpose, expected results, enhancement to the decision-making process achieved, and the potential plans for future collaboration and sustainable projects.

Cox, E. L.

2007-12-01

163

Finding Citations to Social Work Literature: The Relative Benefits of Using "Web of Science," "Scopus," or "Google Scholar"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past studies of citation coverage of "Web of Science," "Scopus," and "Google Scholar" do not demonstrate a consistent pattern that can be applied to the interdisciplinary mix of resources used in social work research. To determine the utility of these tools to social work researchers, an analysis of citing references to well-known social work…

Bergman, Elaine M. Lasda

2012-01-01

164

Nuclear data for basic and applied science. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a conference on nuclear data for basic and applied science. Topics considered at the conference included fast neutron interaction with niobium, new neutron cross sections for fusion materials studies, effect of fission dynamics on the spectra and multiplicities of prompt fission neutrons, and cold fragmentation in thermal neutron induced fission of /sup 235/U.

Young, P.G.; Brown, R.E.; Auchampaugh, G.E.; Lisowski, P.W.; Stewart, L.

1985-01-01

165

78 FR 77502 - NASA Applied Sciences Advisory Committee Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, Public Law 92-463, as amended, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announces a meeting of the Applied Sciences Advisory Committee. The meeting will be held for the purpose of soliciting, from the scientific community and other persons, scientific and technical information relevant to program...

2013-12-23

166

An Experimenting College of Environmental and Applied Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The programs of the College of Environmental and Applied Sciences at Governors State University have competency-based curricula emphasizing individualized and self-paced learning within an interdisciplinary framework. This article describes the instructional programs, student contract procedure, cooperative education venture, intercollege…

Andrews, Ted F.; Fenner, Peter

1975-01-01

167

Social epidemiology and complex system dynamic modelling as applied to health behaviour and drug use research  

PubMed Central

A social epidemiologic perspective considers factors at multiple levels of influence (e.g., social networks, neighborhoods, states) that may individually or jointly affect health and health behaviour. This provides a useful lens through which to understand the production of health behaviours in general, and drug use in particular. However, the analytic models that are commonly applied in population health sciences limit the inference we are able to draw about the determination of health behaviour by factors, likely interrelated, across levels of influence. Complex system dynamic modelling techniques may be useful in enabling the adoption of a social epidemiologic approach in health behaviour and drug use research. We provide an example of a model that aims to incorporate factors at multiple levels of influence in understanding drug dependence. We conclude with suggestions about future directions in the field and how such models may serve as virtual laboratories for policy experiments aimed at improving health behaviour.

Galea, Sandro; Hall, Chris; Kaplan, George A

2009-01-01

168

SSHRC: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), a federal research funding agency for higher education in the social sciences and humanities, aims to promote and enrich the social, cultural, and economic lives of Canadians. The expansive SSHRC Website provides information about the structure, people, and mission of the Council; news about current research supported by the SSHRC; guides to assist researchers identify fellowship and grant programs; policy documents and discussion papers; and a comprehensive list of human sciences sites, linking users to academic bodies, research databases, and other funding institutions. The entire site is searchable and is available in English or French.

169

Applying principles from safety science to improve child protection.  

PubMed

Child Protective Services Agencies (CPSAs) share many characteristics with other organizations operating in high-risk, high-profile industries. Over the past 50 years, industries as diverse as aviation, nuclear power, and healthcare have applied principles from safety science to improve practice. The current paper describes the rationale, characteristics, and challenges of applying concepts from the safety culture literature to CPSAs. Preliminary efforts to apply key principles aimed at improving child safety and well-being in two states are also presented. PMID:24199329

Cull, Michael J; Rzepnicki, Tina L; O'Day, Kathryn; Epstein, Richard A

2013-01-01

170

Shaping a Science of Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers provide more social services to populations across the life span than any other human service profession, including psychiatry, nursing, and psychology. The scientific methodologies and the scientific knowledge relevant to social services have expanded dramatically in the last 30 years. Using the two indicators of the total number…

Brekke, John S.

2012-01-01

171

Associate of Science and Associate of Applied Science: Assured Academic Success? Another Source?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, a study was conducted at the University of West Florida (UWF) to explore the success rate of Associate of Science (AS) and Associate of Applied Science (AAS) degree recipients at the college. Although the AS and AAS degrees were originally designed as terminal degrees leading to immediate employment, recipients today are discovering that…

Cox, Linda J.; Harden, Harold D.

172

Classification systems in behavioural science: current systems and lessons from the natural, medical and social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Specifying individual behaviour change techniques (BCTs) is crucial for better development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions. Classification of BCTs will help this process and can be informed by classification systems in the natural, medical and social sciences. Method: A search of the classification literature in the natural, medical and social sciences produced a framework within which to consider

Zoe Stavri; Susan Michie

2011-01-01

173

Classification systems in behavioural science: current systems and lessons from the natural, medical and social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Specifying individual behaviour change techniques (BCTs) is crucial for better development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions. Classification of BCTs will help this process and can be informed by classification systems in the natural, medical and social sciences. Method: A search of the classification literature in the natural, medical and social sciences produced a framework within which to consider

Zoe Stavri; Susan Michie

2012-01-01

174

Reasoning in Science and Social Science. A Service for Vermont Schools and Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science and social studies teachers can use these sample learning activities to teach reasoning skills in grades 5-9. The publication was developed by a group which provides information and assistance to Vermont educators of science and social studies in the fifth through the ninth grades with a focus on the teaching and learning of reasoning…

Agne, Russell M., Ed.

175

Social and Behavioral Science Programs in the National Science Foundation, Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The review of social and behavioral science programs supported by the National Science Foundation recommends improvements in program substance and management. Sixteen social and behavioral scientists who are or have been grantees under Foundation programs served on the review committee. They examined more than 150 documents pertaining to…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences.

176

Social Science Research on Family Planning in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After looking at the results of some family planning programs, the contributions and shortcomings of social science research relevant to family planning is discussed, plus its future role and its acceptance in developing countries. (Author/ND)

Allman, James; Mathsson, Bertil

1975-01-01

177

Putting Social Sciences to the Test - Lecture Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The course is a new class on the topic of field (that is, 'in situ') and laboratory experiments in the social sciences - both what these experiments have taught and can teach us and how to conduct them.

Mit

178

Social Science Libraries Section. Special Libraries Division. Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three papers on the nonconventional literature and social science libraries were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference. In 'Grey Material: A Scandinavian View,' Birgitta Bergdahl (Sweden) outlines the ety...

1983-01-01

179

Bad Science and Its Social Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates three types of bad science: (1) cultural prejudice based on scientific errors (polygenism, phrenology, reification through intelligence testing); (2) unethical science (Tuskegee syphilis experiments, tobacco companies and research); and (3) unwitting errors (pesticides, chlorofluorocarbons). (Contains 50 references.) (SK)

Zeidler, Dana L.; Sadler, Troy D.; Berson, Michael J.; Fogelman, Aimee L.

2002-01-01

180

[Constructing a language for social sciences: Condorcet's Tableau historique].  

PubMed

Condorcet started working on "social sciences" many years before the French Revolution. Although published in 1793-1794, his Tableau historique, was first conceived in the 1770s. It examined the necessary conditions for scientific reasoning and scientific languages. Analyzing the obstacles that stood in the way of the development of social sciences, Condorcet used case studies to offer a reflection on the making of a language that would be scientific and accessible to the enlightened citizen as well. PMID:22851416

Schandeler, Jean-Pierre

2012-01-01

181

Using SOSIG to support Social Science Teaching and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Resource: The Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) allows social science researchers and practitioners easily to discover and access relevant high-quality networked resources and services world-wide including data archives and statistical software. It also provides a comprehensive list of relevant UK-based sources. SOSIG points to hundreds of resources on subjects ranging from anthropology to statistics. All the resources that appear

Hiom; Huxley

1996-01-01

182

Social networks generate interest in computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

For forty years programming has been the foundation of introductory computer science. Despite exponential increases in computational power during this period, examples used in introductory courses have remained largely unchanged. The incredible growth in statistics courses at all levels, in contrast with the decline of students taking computer science courses, points to the potential for introducing computer science at many

Casey Alt; Owen Astrachan; Jeffrey Forbes; Richard Lucic; Susan Rodger

2006-01-01

183

NASA'S Water Resources Element Within the Applied Sciences Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Applied Sciences Program works within NASA Earth sciences to leverage investment of satellite and information systems to increase the benefits to society through the widest practical use of NASA research results. Such observations provide a huge volume of valuable data in both near-real-time and extended back nearly 50 years about the Earth's land surface conditions such as land cover type, vegetation type and health, precipitation, snow, soil moisture, and water levels and radiation. Observations of this type combined with models and analysis enable satellite-based assessment of numerous water resources management activities. The primary goal of the Earth Science Applied Science Program is to improve future and current operational systems by infusing them with scientific knowledge of the Earth system gained through space-based observation, model results, and development and deployment of enabling technologies, systems, and capabilities. Water resources is one of eight elements in the Applied Sciences Program and it addresses concerns and decision making related to water quantity and water quality. With increasing population pressure and water usage coupled with climate variability and change, water issues are being reported by numerous groups as the most critical environmental problems facing us in the 21st century. Competitive uses and the prevalence of river basins and aquifers that extend across boundaries engender political tensions between communities, stakeholders and countries. Mitigating these conflicts and meeting water demands requires using existing resources more efficiently. The potential crises and conflicts arise when water is competed among multiple uses. For example, urban areas, environmental and recreational uses, agriculture, and energy production compete for scarce resources, not only in the Western U.S. but throughout much of the U.S. but also in many parts of the world. In addition to water availability issues, water quality related problems are seriously affecting human health and our environment. The NASA Water Resources Program Element works to use NASA products to address these critical issues.

Toll, David; Doorn, Bradley; Engman, Edwin

2010-01-01

184

34 CFR 637.3 - What regulations apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What regulations apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program...EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION MINORITY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM ...What regulations apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement...

2012-07-01

185

34 CFR 637.4 - What definitions apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What definitions apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program...EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION MINORITY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM ...What definitions apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement...

2012-07-01

186

Nuclear data for basic and applied science. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a conference on nuclear data for basic and applied science. Topics considered included: nuclear data needs for fusion reactors; fast-neutron interaction with niobium; neutronic analysis of fusion-fusion (hybrid) blankets; measurements of 14 MeV neutron activation cross sections; recent experimental data on sub-barrier fission of light actinides; and intermediate structure in the fission cross sections of the even curium isotopes.

Young, P.G.; Brown, R.E.; Auchampaugh, G.F.; Lisowski, P.W.; Stewart, L.

1985-01-01

187

Science Fiction in Social Education: Exploring Consequences of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An NCSS Technology Position Statement and Guidelines, published in 2006 (an updated version is published in this issue of "Social Education"), affirms that social studies students should critically examine relations between technology and society. This article describes how teachers can use science fiction to introduce critical questions…

Mason, Lance E.

2013-01-01

188

Computerized Simulation in the Social Sciences: A Survey and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After years at the periphery of the social sciences, simulation is now emerging as an important and widely used tool for understanding social phenomena. Through simulation, researchers can identify causal effects, specify critical parameter estimates, and clarify the state of the art with respect to what is understood about how processes evolve…

Garson, G. David

2009-01-01

189

Rhizomes for Understanding the Production of Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is about the social processes which produce social science knowledge. It is based on a discourse analysis of DELOS, a European research project into organizational learning in clusters of SMEs (Small to Medium Enterprises). The substantive focus is on the researchers' core theoretical object: the “cluster of SMEs.” This construct remained a highly contested artifact which, for complex

Gustavo Seijo

2005-01-01

190

Teacher Certification in Fifty States: History/Social Science Component.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a research project which collected information concerning the history/social science standards established by the 50 states for the preparation and certification of secondary teachers generally, secondary social studies teachers specifically, and current standards for the granting of comprehensive elementary certification.…

Dumas, Wayne; Weible, Thomas

1984-01-01

191

The Social Science Teacher; Vol. 4, No. 1, Summer 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new British journal is a medium of communication for those involved in teaching social science and social studies at the secondary and elementary levels. The first article in this issue, Ian Shelton's "The Sociology of Everyday Life," describes an experimental short course in secondary sociology. The course is designed to produce an…

Townley, Charles, Ed.

192

Quantitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences (15 credits)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This module will run in the Epiphany term and is of ten weeks' duration with weekly two hour evening sessions. It provides a contextualised introduction to the main quantitative methods employed in social science and builds on the preliminary discussion of these topics in 'Perspectives on Social Research'. The module is concerned with the business of measuring the world as

David Byrne

193

A (computational) social science perspective on societal transitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to illustrate how social sciences, sociology in particular, have theorized on societal transitions. The first\\u000a section introduces some preliminary definitions. The assumption is that a societal transition is more than a social, economic\\u000a or technological change. It is a large-scale and long-term macro process through which a given social system radically changes\\u000a its structural basis, in terms

Flaminio Squazzoni

2008-01-01

194

Games and Simulations Teach Social Relevance of Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three different simulation and gaming techniques are described in detail as examples of exercises that provide education through science, demonstrating how science and technology fit into the broad political, social, and environmental context. These games and simulations also cultivate useful skills and desirable attitudes. (Author/JN)

Ellington, Henry; And Others

1982-01-01

195

Science and Social Justice: Making the Case for Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporating social justice into science curricula can attract and maintain the interest of students who shy away from science because of a lack of immediate relevance or role models, and permits them to make connections between what they learn in the classroom and what is portrayed in their everyday lives. (Contains 9 resources.)

Chamany, Katayoun

2006-01-01

196

Complex Adaptive Systems in the Behavioral and Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines applications of complexity theory within the behavioral and social sciences. Specific attention is given to the fundamental characteristics of complex adaptive systems (CAS)—such as individuals, groups, and societies—including the underlying structure of CAS, the internal dynamics of evolving CAS, and how CAS respond to their environment. Examples drawn from psychology, sociology, economics, and political science include attitude

Roy J. Eidelson

1997-01-01

197

Complex Adaptive Systems in the Behavioral and Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines applications of complexity theory within the behavioral and social sciences. Specific attention is given to the fundamental characteristics of complex adaptive systems (CAS)--such as individuals, groups, and societies-- including the underlying structure of CAS, the internal dynamics of evolving CAS, and how CAS respond to their environment. Examples drawn from psychology, sociology, economics, and political science include

Roy J. Eidelson

1996-01-01

198

Integrating the Teaching of Science and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examples of the interface of science and society are offered as several persuasive reasons for integrating science and social studies curriculum in elementary and secondary schools. These reasons include: (1) the search for new personal and societal values as a result of scientific and technological development in prolonging human life, in…

Switzer, Thomas; Voss, Burton

199

A Laboratory Approach for Social Science Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A laboratory technique for bridging the gap between cognitive and affective processes is reviewed---Richard and Mann's Exploring Social Space. Illustrations from the materials are given, some designed to help students explore theoretical controversies; others to deal with substantive social issues and problems. (Author/RF)

Richard ,Michael P.

1972-01-01

200

Puritan Day: A Social Science Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most students assume that a thriving society runs smoothly because people abide by the laws. But there are various informal, as well as formal, means of social control such as gossip, ridicule, and shame that function even in complex societies to achieve social control, or conformity to group norms. Good teaching ideas have the potential to lead…

Schur, Joan Brodsky

2007-01-01

201

Community medicine: its contribution to the social science of medicine.  

PubMed

The Division of Behavioral Sciences operates today in a social climate different from that in its formative years. The federal agencies created specifically to stimulate and support social research have been cut back severely over the past two decades, and in some instances have been eliminated. The official policy of the National Institute of Mental Health, once the main source of support for both training and research in social science in medicine, has changed to a much narrower biomedical focus. On the other hand, there are more social scientists engaged in integral roles both locally at Mount Sinai, at medical institutions nationally, and internationally (25-26). Further, reassertion of the importance for medical education of social science specifically, and of behavioral sciences more broadly defined, has been endorsed in the strongest terms by both the Association of American Medical Colleges and the National Board of Medical Examiners (27). Also, the published literature now incorporates what we in the Division of Behavioral Sciences judge to be a richer intellectual contribution to the field than ever before (28). Perhaps most important, funding for health services research and epidemiological studies has been increased in recent federal budgets. Therefore, the division is planning for expansion of both its research and education, perceiving the future as a challenge continuous with challenges of the past: finding new ways to understand the relation between social factors and the problems of health and illness. PMID:1480199

Bloom, S W; Moss, J; Belville, R; Freidenberg, J; Indyk, D; Speedling, E J

1992-11-01

202

Controversies in the evolutionary social sciences: a guide for the perplexed  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is 25 years since modern evolutionary ideas were first applied extensively to human behavior, jump-starting a field of study once known as ‘sociobiology’. Over the years, distinct styles of evolutionary analysis have emerged within the social sciences. Although there is considerable complementarity between approaches that emphasize the study of psychological mechanisms and those that focus on adaptive fit to

Eric A. Smith; Monique Borgerhoff Mulder; Kim Hill

2001-01-01

203

Undergraduate Internships for Social Science Majors: Development and Longitudinal Evaluation of a Model Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program report traces the development of the University of Virginia's undergraduate internship program. The original internship program was established in 1973 to provide social science majors, chiefly psychology majors, with opportunities to apply academically derived knowledge and skills in community service areas. Funded by a federal…

Rosmann, Michael R.

204

Social Sciences Research and Instructional Council Teaching Resources Depository  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Sciences Research and Instructional Council Teaching Resources Depository (SSRIC/TRD) facilitates computer-aided instruction of quantitative methods for the social sciences and supports the dissemination of research data. SSRIC/TRD contains seven instructional modules for social science research courses. Topics range from Exploring the Macroeconomy to California Opinions on Women's Issues, and modules include downloadable texts, exercises, codebooks, and datasets for use with SPSS or other statistical software packages. Also available at the site are a glossary of statistical terms, a full-text online version of _SPSS For Windows 7.5: A Brief Tutorial_, 13 independent data analysis exercises for students, and numerous other teaching tools and links for instructors of anthropology, economics, geography, political science, and sociology.

205

Director, Division of Social and Economic Sciences, ES-0101, SBE/SES vice Director, Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (Closes: 10/14/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Social and Economic Sciences (SES), Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic ... social systems, organizations, and institutions; supports research on the intellectual and social ...

206

Director, Division of Social and Economic Sciences, ES-0101, SBE/SES vice Director, Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences, Closes 10/14/2005  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Social and Economic Sciences (SES), Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic ... social systems, organizations, and institutions; supports research on the intellectual and social ...

207

A social History of Soviet Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The archive includes a great number of archive materials, recollections, interviews, letters, diaries, bibliography, internet sources concerning history of bolshevik and stalinist purges against scientists in the USSR since 1917 till 1968. The archive is categorized by few divisions: scientists, university teachers, associate professors, professors, members of the Academy of Science of the USSR, Corresponding-Members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. A great number of research articles and recollections by purged are included. The articles are written not only by historians of science but by scientists also. A great role by P.L. Kapitza in the saving of Soviet science from purges is underlined. The project was realized under the support by SOROS foundation (2000), Russian Foundation for fundamental Research (2002-2004) and Russian State National Foundation (2007).

Idlis, G. M.

208

34 CFR 637.3 - What regulations apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION MINORITY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING IMPROVEMENT...regulations apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program: (a) The Education Department General...

2009-07-01

209

Standing at the crossroads: Identity and recognition of the Applied Science Technologist in British Columbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern technical education in British Columbia has been affected by two societal trends: in industry, engineering technology evolved as a discipline to bridge the increasing chasm between the process-oriented skill sets of tradespersons/technicians, and the declarative knowledge focus of engineering; in education, the provincial college and institute system was created to address the need for a new post-secondary credential situated between trades certificates and university degrees. The Applied Science Technologist arguably forms the intersection of these two concepts. Almost forty years after its inception, it is timely to ask if the original model has matured into a distinct occupational category in industry, education, and in the public mind. The thesis proposes three environments, the Formative, Market and Public Domain, respectively. Interviews, surveys and personal experience afforded insights into the dynamics of these domains with respect to a fledgling occupational category, while the socio-philosophical concepts of culture, habitus and social imaginary provide the tools to interpret the findings. The thesis postulates that an emerging occupational category will not only challenge existing cultures and habitus, but that over time it will influence the imaginaries of each domain and society as a whole. Ultimately, the occupational category will be truly successful only when the general public is able to distinguish it from related disciplines. Charles Taylor's writings on multiculturalism are used to discuss identity and recognition of the Applied Science Technologist in each domain while Pierre Bourdieu's perspectives on the existence of habitus and self-proliferating elites form the framework to examine the relationships between technologists and engineers. Taylor's theory of multiple concurrent social imaginaries guides the comparison of divergent expectations among academic, career and vocational instructors at British Columbia's colleges. The thesis concludes with recommendations for the sustainability of the Applied Science Technologist as distinct occupational category. Keywords. engineering technology; community college; diploma; recognition; identity; social imaginaries

Roemer, Thomas

210

Social science research in malaria prevention, management and control in the last two decades: an overview.  

PubMed

In the recent past, considerable progress has been made in understanding how human behavior and social organization, macro- and micro-level economic processes, and health and political systems affect responses to malaria at global, national, community, household, and individual levels. Advances in malaria-related social, behavioral, economic, evaluation, health systems, and policy (social science) research have resulted in improvements in the design and implementation of malaria prevention, management and control (PMC) strategies. Indeed, the past two decades chronicle dramatic advances in the implementation of evidence-based interventions, drawn not only from biomedical but also from social science research. Malaria awareness-raising, advocacy, case management, and prevention efforts have reaped the benefits of social science research and as a result, many programs are implemented and evaluated in a more effective manner than in the past. However, the pace at which findings from social science research are integrated into program and policy implementation is unsatisfactory. Additionally, examples remain of programs that fail to utilize findings from social science research and as a result, achieve minimal results. Furthermore, there is a sizeable body of knowledge that is underutilized and which, if assimilated into programs and policies, could accelerate progress in malaria PMC. Examples include information on meaningful community participation, gender, socio-economic status, and health systems. Regrettably, although social science input is necessary for almost all interventions for malaria management and control, the numbers of scientists working in this area are dismal in most of the key disciplines-medical anthropology; demography; geography and sociology; health economics and health policy; social psychology; social epidemiology; and behavior-change communication. Further, skills of program workers charged with implementation of interventions and strategies at country level are most often inadequate. The Special Program for Research and training in tropical diseases (TDR) and the multi-lateral initiative on malaria (MIM) have remained in the forefront of capacity building for this area of research, but additional efforts are needed to bring more applied social scientists into the fold. Their skills are necessary to ensure that social science findings get to program planners and implementers in a useful form that allows for more rapid and appropriate integration of the results into malaria PMC programs and policies. A re-thinking of the current focus within capacity building efforts is proposed. PMID:16011829

Mwenesi, Halima Abdullah

2005-09-01

211

Using Spatial Data Visualization to Motivate Undergraduate Social Science Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter begins by describing how GIS software canhelp students see social relations and social policy options. Itargues that visualization should be an integral tool inexploratory data analysis; not just a final step in presentingthe results of analysis. Indeed, a major thesis of the paper isthat visualization should be one of the first topics taught inundergraduate social science research methods courses. Thebalance of the article describes a specific model of how toteach spatial analysis and data visualization in the socialsciences that the author and colleagues are developing withNSF support. This is a chapter in the Visualization in Science Education section of the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Richard LeGates (San Francisco State University;)

2004-12-01

212

CESSDA: Council of European Social Science Data Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA) facilitates the distribution of electronic data for social science education and research in Europe. CESSDA promotes data sharing by providing the Integrated Data Catalogue (IDC) at its Website. The multilingual IDC allows users to conduct a broadcast search of up to eleven social science data catalogs located all over the world, including catalogs in Israel, Australia, the US, and Europe. The IDC's simple catalog design--based on a Z39.50-WAIS protocol--and interface make it easy to use. The clearly displayed search results are ordered in accordance to the amount of hits per record in proportion to the total size of the record. Mirrors for the IDC are available in both the UK and Australia to foster quicker searching around the globe. In addition to the IDC, the CESSDA site supplies three clickable international maps that link users to the sites of 32 other data archives.

213

Teaching Research Methods in the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a group project teaching technique that was used to teach a college-level social research methods course. Students, working in small groups, planned an original study, developed an instrument, and gathered data to test their hypotheses. Lectures and readings also comprised an important part of the course. (SR)

Ransford, H. Edward; Butler, Gerald

1982-01-01

214

Response: From Fish and Bicycles to a Science of Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Brekke challenges the field and profession of social work to define and develop the "science of social work". This response to Brekke's paper identifies the premises undergirding a discussion of the science of social work related to (1) a definition of "science";; (2 ) an organizing principle for social work; (3) a recognition that the task…

Marsh, Jeanne Cay

2012-01-01

215

Director, Division of Social and Economic Sciences, ES-0101, SBE/SES (Closes: 11/30/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Social and Economic Sciences (SES), Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic ... social systems, organizations, and institutions; supports research on the intellectual and social ...

216

Social networks generate interest in computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

For forty years programming has been the foundation of in- troductory computer science. Despite exponential increases in computational power during this period, examples used in introductory courses have remained largely unchanged. The incredible growth in statistics courses at all levels, in contrast with the decline of students taking computer sci- ence courses, points to the potential for introducing com- puter

Casey Alt; Owen L. Astrachan; Jeffrey Forbes; Richard Lucic; Susan H. Rodger

2006-01-01

217

The Diffusion of Academic Information: A Mathematical Model of Citations in the Sciences, Social Sciences and Arts and Humanities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the pattern of diffusion in the academic literatures of the sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities based on citations. An examination of the citations of articles in the Science Citation Index, Social Science Citation Index, and Arts and Humanities Citation Index from a given year to the year in which the cited…

Barnett, George A.; And Others

218

A Bibliometric Study of Reference Literature in the Sciences and Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In earlier papers the authors focused on differences in the ageing of journal literature in science and the social sciences. It was shown that for several fields and topics bibliometric standard indicators based on journal articles need to be modified in order to provide valid results. In fields where monographs, books or reports are important means of scientific information, standard

Wolfgang Glänzel; Urs Schoepflin

1999-01-01

219

Canadian collaboration networks: A comparative analysis of the natural sciences, social sciences and the humanities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A basic dichotomy is generally made between publication practices in the natural sciences and engineering (NSE) on the one hand and social sciences and humanities (SSH) on the other. However, while researchers in the NSE share some common practices with researchers in SSH, the spectrum of practices is broader in the latter. Drawing on data from the CD-ROM versions of

Vincent Larivière; Yves Gingras; Éric Archambault

2006-01-01

220

Integrating the History and Nature of Science and Technology in Science and Social Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a review of the literature concerning integrating the history and nature of science and technology in science and social studies curricula. Areas reviewed include the importance of these concepts in education, their place in the current curriculum, and efforts at integrating these concepts. (over 50 references) (PR)

King, Bruce B.

1991-01-01

221

78 FR 31977 - NASA Applied Sciences Advisory Committee Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee functions in an advisory capacity to the Director, Earth Science Division. The meeting will be held for the purpose...Sciences Program Update Overview of 2014 Budget Highlight from Earth Science Division Senior Review It is imperative that the...

2013-05-28

222

Earth System Governance and the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In 2001, the four global change research programs ‘urgently’ called for ‘an ethical framework for global stewardship and strategies\\u000a for Earth System management’. Yet this notion of ‘earth system management’ remains vaguely defined: It is too elusive for\\u000a natural scientists, and too ambitious or too normative for social scientists. In this chapter, I develop an alternative concept\\u000a that is better

Frank Biermann

223

Connecting Science and Society: Basic Research in the Service of Social Objectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

A flawed dichotomy of basic versus applied science (or of ``curiosity-driven'' vs. ``mission-oriented'' science) pervades today's thinking about science policy. This talk argues for the addition of a third mode of scientific research, called Jeffersonian science. Whereas basic science, as traditionally understood, is a quest for the unknown regardless of societal needs, and applied science is known science applied to

Gerhard Sonnert

2007-01-01

224

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSUASION APPLIED TO HUMAN AGENT INTERACTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses and evaluates the application of a social psychologically enriched, user-centered approach to agent architect ure design. The major aim is to facilitate human-agent interaction ( HAI ) by making agents not only algorithmically more intelligent but also socially more skillful in comm unicating with the user. A decision-making model and communicative argumentation strategies ha ve been incorporated

Sacha Helfenstein; Ari Wahlstedt; Shenghua Liu

225

The MAVEN mission to Mars: Communicating science through social media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While science literacy rates in the U.S. have recently increased, overall levels remain remarkably low.There are opportunities for the public to learn about science and to engage directly with real-life practitioners. It is the responsibility of science education and communications professionals to provide these opportunities and to assess the effectiveness of each platform. At the University of Colorado's Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP), we utilize a diverse, well-tested approach to introduce science to the public and to give scientists access to the broadest possible audience. This poster will focus on NASA's MAVEN mission to Mars and the social media outlets we have incorporated into our Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program in order to introduce rather complex science concepts to the public. We'll examine several evaluation tools that are used to provide ongoing, immediate feedback regarding our strategies and to guide long-term efforts. MAVEN educators and scientists are capitalizing on the recent excitement surrounding Mars science and the public's fascination with the search for life to bring the science of the mission directly to a variety of audiences. Our EPO professionals are using cross-platform, transportable content to maximize exposure and create pathways for two-way interactions between our audience and mission experts. We are using social media tools to build a community that will join us in the MAVEN journey and its important scientific discoveries.

Mason, T.; Renfrow, S.

2012-12-01

226

On art and science: an epistemic framework for integrating social science and clinical medicine.  

PubMed

Calls for incorporating social science into patient care typically have accounted for neither the logistic constraints of medical training nor the methodological fallacies of utilizing aggregate "social facts" in clinical practice. By elucidating the different epistemic approaches of artistic and scientific practices, this paper illustrates an integrative artistic pedagogy that allows clinical practitioners to generate social scientific insights from actual patient encounters. Although there is no shortage of calls to bring social science into medicine, the more fundamental processes of thinking by which art and science proceed have not been addressed to this end. As such, the art of medical practice is conceptualized as an innate gift, and thus little is done to cultivate it. Yet doing so is more important than ever because uncertainty in diagnosing and treating chronic illnesses, the most significant contemporary mortality risks, suggests a re-expanding role for clinical judgment. PMID:24776979

Wasserman, Jason Adam

2014-06-01

227

Canadian Institutes in the Humanities and Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness and ultimate value of the growing number of research institutes in the humanities and social sciences are discussed. Motivations for the establishment, funding and operation problems, and geographic locations are reviewed. Examples are given of different objectives and functions of various kinds of institutes, their…

Forster, Audrey; McKinnirey, John

1976-01-01

228

A Social Science Bibliography of Leisure and Recreation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography provides an accessible source to social science research in leisure, recreation, and sports. Topical areas covered include: (1) bibliographic sources on leisure and recreation; (2) philosophical issues in leisure; (3) theories of leisure and recreation; (4) methods in leisure and recreation research; (5) evaluation of leisure and…

Burdge, Rabel J.; And Others

229

The Future of Teaching Research in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current literature on teaching research methodology in the social sciences highlights the changing nature of our world in terms of its complexity and diversity, and points to how this affects the way in which we search for answers to related problems (Brew 2003, 3; Tashakkori and Teddlie 2003, 74). New ways of approaching research problems that…

Wagner, C.

2009-01-01

230

Tuning in to Young Viewers: Social Science Perspectives on Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that children are especially vulnerable to the effects of television viewing. Taking a psychological, social-science perspective, this book explores how television viewing affects children. Chapter 1, "Introduction," (MacBeth) discusses the issues involved, how researchers go about studying media effects, whether television…

MacBeth, Tannis M., Ed.

231

The Role of Social Science in School Desegregation Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the role of social-science research in school desegregation efforts as a background to this collection of written reports, depositions, and testimony in the March 1996 hearings about whether the St. Louis (Missouri) school district had achieved unitary status, having done all it could to eliminate the wrongs of a racially dual school…

Taylor, William L.

1997-01-01

232

Reassessing Research: Liberal Arts Colleges and the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The success of liberal arts graduates in attaining doctorates in the social sciences may be related to opportunities they have during their undergraduate years to undertake original research projects, individually or in collaboration with faculty. The supportive college environment for faculty professional and research activities and the…

Bourque, Susan C.

1999-01-01

233

Recent Gerontological Developments in Psychology and Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports to members of other Sections of the Gerontological Society recent developments in Psychology and Social Sciences Section (P & SS) which might be of interest to them. Three areas mentioned include sex and aging comparative studies on aging, and adult education. Presented in the Vice-Presidential Symposium at the annual meeting of…

Carp, Frances M.; Nydegger, Corinne

1975-01-01

234

TEACHING CONSTRUCTION CLASSIFICATION RULES WITH APPLICATIONS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supervised classification or pattern recognition is a method to solve decision problems in Social Sciences. It is organized on the basis of specific sets of predictor variables and the existence of classes known a priori. Based on a training sample, its main objective is to construct a classification rule in order to predict the class to which a new object

Margarita Díaz; Cecilia Díaz; Patricia Caro; María Ines Stimolo

2006-01-01

235

Ranking Journals Using Social Science Research Network Downloads  

Microsoft Academic Search

I use a new approach to rank journals, namely the number and percent frequency of articles a journal publishes that are heavily downloaded from the Social Science Research Network (SSRN). I rank 18 accounting and finance journals, and I identify five journals not considered by the two most recent major published ranking studies of publications by accounting faculty, namely (in

Lawrence D. Brown; J. Mack Robinson Distinguished

2003-01-01

236

Fisheries governance: A coming of age for fisheries social science?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of fisheries governance has made considerable progress in recent years largely as a result of the concerted actions of the social sciences. A particular focus for this work has been the concept of participative governance and the co-management systems in which responsibility for management is shared between the state and user groups, usually at the local level. With

David Symes

2006-01-01

237

On the epistemology of risk: Language, logic and social science  

Microsoft Academic Search

'Risk' is a widely used concept in literatures related to health, health care and medicine. In recent decades, three bodies of literature have emerged in which 'risk' is the primary focus of concern: Health Risk Appraisal, the Risk Approach and Risk Analysis\\/Assessment\\/Management. These literatures overlook important concepts and theoretical developments is contemporary social science. They also lack conceptual coherence. Reduction

Michael V. Hayes

1992-01-01

238

The National Science Foundation: Funding Opportunities for Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the National Science Foundation as a potential funding source for social work researchers and describes the experience of one faculty member in seeking funding from this source. The author provides an overview of the foundation, discusses its programmatic structure, proposal preparation, selection criteria, and review…

Jaskyte, Kristina

2005-01-01

239

Women and Spatial Change: Learning Resources for Social Science Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six units focusing on the effects of spatial change on women are designed to supplement college introductory courses in geography and the social sciences. Unit 1, Woman and Agricultural Landscapes, focuses on how women contributed to landscape change in prehistory, women's impact on the environment, and the hypothesis that women developed…

Rengert, Arlene C., Ed.; Monk, Janice J., Ed.

240

A Scientometric Profile of Social Sciences Research in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

I surveyed the social sciences journal literature for the decade period 1987-1996 looking for papers with authors, or at least one co-author giving an address from an institution in Turkey. The number of such papers had nearly tripled from 1987 to 1996. I found that the papers are scattered into 341 journals and almost one third of all papers went

Ali Uzun

1998-01-01

241

Australian Item Bank Program: Social Science Item Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After vigorous review, editing, and trial testing, this item bank was compiled to help secondary school teachers construct objective tests in the social sciences. Anthropology, economics, ethnic and cultural studies, geography, history, legal studies, politics, and sociology are among the topics represented. The bank consists of multiple choice…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

242

Update 76: Selected Recent Works in the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a selected bibliography of current reference and acquisition tools in the social sciences. The tools include sourcebooks, dictionaries, indexes, conference proceedings, special bibliographies, directories, research reports, and journals. Most citations represent works published since 1970 and new editions of important earlier works.…

Pike, Mary L., Ed.; Lusignan, Louise, Ed.

243

Environmental Problems and the Social Sciences: What Should We Teach?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental issues that can be explored in social science courses include problems with potential to cause serious or irreversible change to an ecosystem or biosphere. Areas for discussion include: environmental attitudes, values, and behaviors; the environmental movement; risk perceptions; and the political economy of the environment and…

Cylke, F. Kurt, Jr.

1995-01-01

244

LATENT VARIABLES IN PSYCHOLOGY AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract The paper discusses the use of latent variables in psychology and social science research. Local independence, expected value true scores, and nondeterministic functions of observed variables are three types of definitions for latent variables. These definitions are reviewed and an alternative \\

Kenneth A. Bollen

2002-01-01

245

Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Social Sciences and Knowledge Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a unique and groundbreaking collection of questions and answers coming from higher education institutions on diverse fields and across a wide spectrum of countries and cultures. It creates routes for further innovation, collaboration amidst the Sciences (both Natural and Social), the Humanities, and the private and public sectors of…

Lopez-Varela, Asuncion, Ed.

2012-01-01

246

Social Science Libraries Section. Special Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers on the nonconventional literature and social science libraries were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference. In "Grey Material: A Scandinavian View," Birgitta Bergdahl (Sweden) outlines the etymology and meaning of the concept of "grey literature" (which can include reports, theses,…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

247

Child Development Associate. Social Science: Children in the Cosmos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module, one of a series of 18, is designed to help the CDA intern provide learning experiences in the social sciences for young children. The module stipulates competency-based objectives and provides essential information, suggestions, examples and learning activities on three topics related to the…

Oscar Rose Junior Coll., Midwest City, OK.

248

Conducting social science laboratory experiments on the world wide web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in the behavioral and social sciences, particularly psychology, are beginning to conduct laboratory experiments on the World Wide Web. The Web venue offers conveniences that are apparent to market researchers and academic investigators, who have used the Web extensively for survey research. Like traditional experimental researchers. Web experimenters must assure the reliability and inferential validity of their experiments to

Alison I. Piper

1998-01-01

249

Information Science, Historical Changes and Social Aspects: A Nordic Outlook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes and discuses some aspects concerning the historical and social context of information science and information institutions. Highlights include views of Jose Ortega y Gasset; changing conceptions of the structure, foci, and content of the discipline; prewar and postwar paradigms; the physical paradigm; and the cognitive view. (Contains 27…

Orom, Anders

2000-01-01

250

Toward critical spatial thinking in the social sciences and humanities  

PubMed Central

The integration of geographically referenced information into the conceptual frameworks and applied uses of the social sciences and humanities has been an ongoing process over the past few centuries. It has gained momentum in recent decades with advances in technologies for computation and visualization and with the arrival of new data sources. This article begins with an overview of this transition, and argues that the spatial integration of information resources and the cross-disciplinary sharing of analysis and representation methodologies are important forces for the integration of scientific and artistic expression, and that they draw on core concepts in spatial (and spatio-temporal) thinking. We do not suggest that this is akin to prior concepts of unified knowledge systems, but we do maintain that the boundaries to knowledge transfer are disintegrating and that our abilities in problem solving for purposes of artistic expression and scientific development are enhanced through spatial perspectives. Moreover, approaches to education at all levels must recognize the need to impart proficiency in the critical and efficient application of these fundamental spatial concepts, if students and researchers are to make use of expanding access to a broadening range of spatialized information and data processing technologies.

Goodchild, Michael F.; Janelle, Donald G.

2010-01-01

251

NASA Applied Sciences Program. Overview Presentation; Discovering and Demonstrating Innovative and Practical Applications of Earth Science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Goal 1: Enhance Applications Research Advance the use of NASA Earth science in policy making, resource management and planning, and disaster response. Key Actions: Identify priority needs, conduct applied research to generate innovative applications, and support projects that demonstrate uses of NASA Earth science. Goal 2: Increase Collaboration Establish a flexible program structure to meet diverse partner needs and applications objectives. Key Actions: Pursue partnerships to leverage resources and risks and extend the program s reach and impact. Goal 3:Accelerate Applications Ensure that NASA s flight missions plan for and support applications goals in conjunction with their science goals, starting with mission planning and extending through the mission life cycle. Key Actions: Enable identification of applications early in satellite mission lifecycle and facilitate effective ways to integrate end-user needs into satellite mission planning

Irwin, Daniel

2010-01-01

252

Psychiatric conditions and the social sciences.  

PubMed

Psychiatric disorders have a distinct shape, come in types and are inherent in Homo sapiens. To a social scientist, disorders exist by stipulation: contingent on a psychiatric frame of reference. Their materiality has meaning only in that framework. What is important is what that material might correspond to in a society's systems of representation and associated institutions. If one assigns disorders some sort of 'objective' reality (a scientific ontology), then one needs to explain what that corresponds to in cultural terms. Moreover, if disorders exist and have an evolutionary history, one has to formulate how they might have been perceived and understood during phases of biological and cultural evolution. The article provides a way to conceptualize meanings psychiatric disorders have had in these two systems of representation and their change during evolution. PMID:16145280

Fabrega, Horacio

2005-01-01

253

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science during the period October 1, 1986 through March 31, 1987 is summarized.

1987-01-01

254

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science during the period April, 1986 through September 30, 1986 is summarized.

1987-01-01

255

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science during the period April l, 1988 through September 30, 1988.

1988-01-01

256

Defending Climate Science: Applying Lessons From Creationist Attacks on Evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although climate science faces many obstacles—a lack of teacher training, inadequate state science standards, the difficulty of finding a place for such a multidisciplinary science in traditional subjects—it is the well-funded and organized assault on climate science that perhaps presents the greatest challenge for climate literacy. Attacks on climate science often follow the same set of tactics developed over many decades by creationist forces in their long campaign against evolution. This talk focuses on recognizing these tactics, and suggests ways to counter them in order to promote climate literacy and an understanding of the nature of science.

Newton, S. F.; McCaffrey, M. S.

2012-12-01

257

B. F. Skinner and G. H. Mead: on biological science and social science.  

PubMed

Skinner's contributions to psychology provide a unique bridge between psychology conceptualized as a biological science and psychology conceptualized as a social science. Skinner focused on behavior as a naturally occurring biological phenomenon of interest in its own right, functionally related to surrounding events and, in particular (like phylogenesis), subject to selection by its consequences. This essentially biological orientation was further enhanced by Skinner's emphasis on the empirical foundations provided by laboratory-based experimental analyses of behavior, often with nonhuman subjects. Skinner's theoretical writings, however, also have affinity with the traditions of constructionist social science. The verbal behavior of humans is said to be subject, like other behavior, to functional analyses in terms of its environment, in this case its social context. Verbal behavior in turn makes it possible for us to relate to private events, a process that ultimately allows for the development of consciousness, which is thus said to be a social product. Such ideas make contact with aspects of G. H. Mead's social behaviorism and, perhaps of more contemporary impact in psychology, L. Vygotsky's general genetic law of cultural development. Failure to articulate both the biological and the social science aspects of Skinner's theoretical approach to psychology does a disservice to his unique contribution to a discipline that remains fragmented between two intellectual traditions. PMID:2037828

Blackman, D E

1991-03-01

258

The Study of Ethics in the Applied Science Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science classes are an appropriate place for students to examine relevant ethical problems. Nutrition science classes, in particular, discuss current scientific information as well as ethical issues, such as cultural differences, meanings attached to food

Dooley, Dian A.

2000-03-01

259

Teaching evolution: Understanding and applying the nature of science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of a 3-week institute upon secondary biology and earth science teachers regarding their experiences with respect to the teaching of evolution was investigated. The institute directors, with National Science Foundation (NSF) funding, hoped to foster an understanding of the nature of science, provide enhanced content, and support a forum for teachers to discuss problems common to the teaching

Lawrence C. Scharmann; William M. Harris Jr.

1992-01-01

260

SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION CONSORTIUM--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR GRADES K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE REPORT IS AN EXTENSION AND CONTINUATION OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION CONSORTIUM WHICH EXPLORED WAYS OF OBTAINING GREATER COOPERATION AND COMMUNICATION AMONG THE VARIOUS EDUCATORS WHO ARE CONCERNED WITH CREATIVE INNOVATION IN SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION. THE FOUR PARTS OF THIS REPORT CONTAIN (1) CONTENT FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION--A…

MORRISSETT, IRVING; AND OTHERS

261

Social Sciences and the Sixth Form--An Approach Through Integration. Schools Council Pamphlet No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The task of a conference on social science education in the sixth form was to explore the problems and possibilities of establishing an integrated social science course. Conference papers and discussion deal with the nature of the social science disciplines and the meaning of their integration; the principles--knowledge, skills, problems,…

Schools Council, London (England).

262

Understanding University Reform in Japan through the Prism of the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at current university reforms in Japan through two slightly different social science prisms: how social science methodologies and theories can help us understand those reforms better and how social science teaching in universities will be affected by the current reform processes. (Contains 3 tables and 7 notes.)

Goodman, Roger

2008-01-01

263

Socially situated activities and identities: Second-grade dual language students and the social construction of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Latina and Latino American students are among the lowest achievers in science, when compared to European and Asian American students, and are highly underrepresented in science careers. Studies suggested that a part of this problem is students' lack of access to science, due to their status as English language learners and their perceived status as deficient students. This study investigated the social construction of science in a second grade dual language urban classroom that offered bilingual students access to science, while positioning them as competent, capable learners. What participants valued in science was interpreted from their stated beliefs and attitudes, as well as their patterned ways of reading, writing, and talking. A bilingual European American teacher and three Latina and Latino focal students were observed over the course of 10 weeks, as they enacted a science unit, in English, on habitats. Science lessons were videotaped, documented with field notes, and transcribed. Interviews with the teacher and students were audiotaped and transcribed, and relevant curriculum documents, and teacher- and student-generated documents, copied. Gee's (1999) d/Discourse analysis system was applied to the transcripts of science lessons and interviews as a way to understand how participants used language to construct situated activities and identities in science. Curriculum documents were analyzed to understand the positioning of the teacher and students by identifying the situated activities and roles recommended. Students' nonfiction writing and published nonfiction texts were analyzed for linguistic structures, semantic relationships and conventions of science writing. Results indicated that the teacher drew on traditional and progressive pedagogical practices that shaped her and her students' science activities and situated identities. The teacher employed traditional talk strategies to build science themes, while students enacted their roles as compliant learners, but the teacher also provided curricular structures for students to engage in science as knowledge brokers, researching and writing from nonfiction books, and authoring original texts. Conclusions drawn suggest that teachers should be aware that students are multiply positioned as learners, d/Discourse analysis can be a useful tool for studying classroom practices, and science is relational as well as discipline-centered.

Bryce, Nadine

264

Social Science and the Bayesian Probability Explanation Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

C. G. Hempel, one of the logical empiricists, who builds up his probability explanation model by using the empiricist view of probability, this model encountered many difficulties in the scientific explanation in which Hempel is difficult to make a reasonable defense. Based on the bayesian probability theory, the Bayesian probability model provides an approach of a subjective probability explanation based on the subjective probability, using the subjectivist view of probability. On the one hand, this probability model establishes the epistemological status of the subject in the social science; On the other hand, it provides a feasible explanation model for the social scientific explanation, which has important methodological significance.

Yin, Jie; Zhao, Lei

2014-03-01

265

Applying Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) to Social Work Administration Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multi-level structures are common in social work administration research, where individuals are hierarchically nested within organizations. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) is a statistical method developed to address issues associated with the unique nature of multilevel data. We introduce the basic notion of HLM, highlighting the need for using this technique in multilevel data. We also present analytical procedures, illustrating the

Tae Kuen Kim; Phyllis Solomon; Karen A. Zurlo

2009-01-01

266

Organizational Socialization Applied to Teacher Induction: An Emerging Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the issues inherent in the teacher induction stage based on a literature review. Literature on organizational socialization is utilized as the theoretical framework and for informing the teacher education literature. A conceptual framework of teacher development is proposed to illustrate the stages from teacher preparation to…

Fletcher, Edward C., Jr.; Chang, Joohee; Kong, Younghee

2008-01-01

267

Oil and Water do Mix: Social Science Meets Engineering Towards a Transdisciplinary Perspective on Cyberworlds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of cyberworlds and their design is now a well established field in computer science & engineering. In parallel, within the social sciences there is also a growing corpus of research regarding the subjective, psychological, social and cultural aspects of cyberworlds such as: human cognition as a base for A.I., social systems modeling and complexity, social networks and group

Javier Salazar

2006-01-01

268

[Legacy and promises from the teaching of Social Sciences in the Health field].  

PubMed

The article analyzes the teaching and learning of social sciences in health sciences courses from the perspective of the curriculum and learning generated by research groups and thesis supervision activities. The author conducts a rereading of the classics and main contemporary scientists, based on the subarea's scientific output and her own personal experience as professor, researcher, and thesis supervisor. The article focuses on the tradition and teaching of the classics in social sciences, the main contemporary social theories, social sciences in health with an emphasis on teaching, and observations on the interface between teaching in social sciences and life sciences. The author concludes by highlighting the importance of work by social scientists in the health field and identifies the following problematic points: difficulties in dealing with mediations between the biological and the social; frequent subordination of foundations to techniques; and ideological and common-sense issues in the teaching and appropriation of Social Sciences in Health. PMID:23288069

Minayo, Maria Cecília de Souza

2012-12-01

269

Methods for model selection in applied science and engineering.  

SciTech Connect

Mathematical models are developed and used to study the properties of complex systems and/or modify these systems to satisfy some performance requirements in just about every area of applied science and engineering. A particular reason for developing a model, e.g., performance assessment or design, is referred to as the model use. Our objective is the development of a methodology for selecting a model that is sufficiently accurate for an intended use. Information on the system being modeled is, in general, incomplete, so that there may be two or more models consistent with the available information. The collection of these models is called the class of candidate models. Methods are developed for selecting the optimal member from a class of candidate models for the system. The optimal model depends on the available information, the selected class of candidate models, and the model use. Classical methods for model selection, including the method of maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods, as well as a method employing a decision-theoretic approach, are formulated to select the optimal model for numerous applications. There is no requirement that the candidate models be random. Classical methods for model selection ignore model use and require data to be available. Examples are used to show that these methods can be unreliable when data is limited. The decision-theoretic approach to model selection does not have these limitations, and model use is included through an appropriate utility function. This is especially important when modeling high risk systems, where the consequences of using an inappropriate model for the system can be disastrous. The decision-theoretic method for model selection is developed and applied for a series of complex and diverse applications. These include the selection of the: (1) optimal order of the polynomial chaos approximation for non-Gaussian random variables and stationary stochastic processes, (2) optimal pressure load model to be applied to a spacecraft during atmospheric re-entry, and (3) optimal design of a distributed sensor network for the purpose of vehicle tracking and identification.

Field, Richard V., Jr.

2004-10-01

270

Methods for model selection in applied science and engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mathematical models are developed and used to study the properties of complex systems and/or modify these systems to satisfy some performance requirements in just about every area of applied science and engineering. A particular reason for developing a model, e.g., performance assessment or design, is referred to as the model use. Our objective is the development of a, methodology for selecting a model that is sufficiently accurate for an intended use. Information on the system being modeled is, in general, incomplete, so that there may be two or more models consistent with the available information. The collection of these models is called the class of candidate models. Methods are developed for selecting the optimal member from a class of candidate models for the system. The optimal model depends on the available information, the selected class of candidate models, and the model use. Classical methods for model selection, including the method of maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods, as well as a method employing a decision-theoretic approach, are formulated to select the optimal model for numerous applications. There is no requirement that the candidate models be random. Classical methods for model selection ignore model use and require data to be available. Examples are used to show that these methods can be unreliable when data is limited. The decision-theoretic approach to model selection does not have these limitations, and model use is included through an appropriate utility function. This is especially important when modeling high risk systems, where the consequences of using an inappropriate model for the system can be disastrous. The decision-theoretic method for model selection is developed and applied for a series of complex and diverse applications. These include the selection of the: (1) optimal order of the polynomial chaos approximation for non-Gaussian random variables and stationary stochastic processes, (2) optimal pressure load model to be applied to a spacecraft during atmospheric re-entry, and (3) optimal design of a distributed sensor network for the purpose of vehicle tracking and identification.

Field, Richard Van Deventer, Jr.

271

Research in progress in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted at the Institute in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science is summarized. The Institute conducts unclassified basic research in applied mathematics in order to extend and improve problem solving capabilities in science and engineering, particularly in aeronautics and space.

1990-01-01

272

Human Reproduction: Social and Technological Aspects. Innovations: The Social Consequences of Science and Technology Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is part of an interdisciplinary program designed to educate the general citizenry regarding the issues of science/technology/society that have important consequences for both present and future social policies. Specifically, the program provides an opportunity for students to assess the effects of selected technological innovations in…

McConnell, Mary C.; And Others

273

Doing Urban Research. Applied Social Research Methods Series, Volume 33.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A framework is provided for asking research questions and implementing an applied urban research project. Chapter 1 gives a brief overview of the term "urban" and the field of urban research. Chapter 2 discusses how different levels of analysis can be used in doing urban research. Chapter 3 suggests the need for strategic thinking in the applied

Andranovich, Gregory D.; Riposa, Gerry

274

Modes of Social Science Engagement in Community Infrastructure Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A new space for social science is opening within information infrastructure design projects. These are large-scale, distributed\\u000a scientific collaborations with the dual goal of building community and technical resources for that community. These endeavors\\u000a are complex and ambitious combinations of research, information technology deployment, and bringing together of heterogeneous\\u000a communities (Finholt 2004). It is becoming increasingly common for such projects

David Ribes; Karen Baker

2007-01-01

275

Applying Conceptual Change Strategies to College Science Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter will focus on meaningful learning and conceptual change from the perspective of science education. The authors describe in detail two case studies of conceptual change-based curricula--one that focuses on the particulate nature of matter and the other on natural selection. Finally, they propose possible implications for teaching science at the college level.

Nussbaum, Joseph; Stern, Luli; Yechieli, Tamar

2006-01-01

276

Social and ethical dimensions of nanoscale science and engineering research.  

PubMed

Continuing advances in human ability to manipulate matter at the atomic and molecular levels (i.e. nanoscale science and engineering) offer many previously unimagined possibilities for scientific discovery and technological development. Paralleling these advances in the various science and engineering sub-disciplines is the increasing realization that a number of associated social, ethical, environmental, economic and legal dimensions also need to be explored. An important component of such exploration entails the identification and analysis of the ways in which current and prospective researchers in these fields conceptualize these dimensions of their work. Within the context of a National Science Foundation funded Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program in nanomaterials processing and characterization at the University of Central Florida (2002-2004), here I present for discussion (i) details of a "nanotechnology ethics" seminar series developed specifically for students participating in the program, and (ii) an analysis of students' and participating research faculty's perspectives concerning social and ethical issues associated with nanotechnology research. I conclude with a brief discussion of implications presented by these issues for general scientific literacy and public science education policy. PMID:16909148

Sweeney, Aldrin E

2006-07-01

277

Funds of relationality: social bonds and science learners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this response to Konstantinos Alexakos, Jayson K. Jones, and Victor H. Rodriguez, I will focus primarily on the importance of relationality for the development of a science learner identity. Along the way I will review (1) The cultural dynamics involved with the formation and sustenance of relationships in social life; (2) The methodological advantages of ethnographic inquiry for exploring funds of relationality; (3) The importance of relationality for science innovation throughout the pipeline of scientific training from K-12 schooling all the way through scientific breakthrough; (4) The absolutely vital role that relationality plays in creating a science learner identity. Finally I highlight how collaborative ethnography, in particular, is an excellent tool for seeking out funds of relationality that can be marshaled in the classroom as well as contributing to conceptual advancement in the theoretical vocabulary of relational sociology.

Smardon, Regina

2011-12-01

278

Social Problem Solving through Science: An Approach to Critical, Place-Based, Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Problem Solving through Science (SPSS) project engaged middle school-aged youth in the study of local environmental challenges with implications for human health and well-being, both globally and locally. Students considered environmental risk factors in a series of structured activities to develop background knowledge on environmental…

Buxton, Cory A.

2010-01-01

279

Psychiatry as a Behavioral Science. The Behavioral and Social Sciences Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is another in a series prepared in connection with the Survey of the Behavioral Social Sciences (BASS) conducted between 1967 and 1969. The task here is to provide several illustrative lines of research in sufficient depth to convey the flavor of scientific work on psychiatric problems to a wide range of readers. The report is primarily…

Hamburg, David A., Ed.

280

Stable Rules: Science and Social Transmission. Studies in the Learning Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In laying the groundwork for a co-operative scientific inquiry in the field of learning sciences the following five areas of access to the study are considered in this introductory inquiry statement: 1) genetic sociology (symbolic systems and early socialization); 2) experimental ethnography (the effect of literacy on the structure of skill and…

Nathan, Henry

281

Art, science and social science in nursing: occupational origins and disciplinary identity.  

PubMed

This paper forms part of a wider study examining the history and sociology of nursing education in England between 1860 and 1948. It argues that the question of whether nursing was an art, science and/or social science has been at the 'heart' of a wider debate on the occupational status and disciplinary identity of nursing. The view that nursing was essentially an art and a 'calling', was championed by Florence Nightingale. Ethel Bedford Fenwick and her allies insisted that nursing, like other professions, was a 'scientific' and technical enterprise. Social scientists later came to challenge nursing's claim to professionalism by analysing nursing work first within the context of industrial psychology. But they also advocated a rapprochement between nursing, health services and social science research, a challenge which we are in nursing, still striving to meet. This paper argues for a strong coalition of nursing with its former nineteenth century ally, social science, in the continuing struggle for change within nursing and health care policy. Rather than searching for some rarified and purified essence of nursing knowledge, it argues that nurses need to join forces with sociologists and economists in striving to shape the agenda for health services research and provide the evidential basis for health policy transformation more generally. PMID:7664158

Rafferty, A M

1995-09-01

282

Social comparison and prosocial behavior: an applied study of social identity theory in community food drives.  

PubMed

Social Identity Theory and the concept of social comparison have inspired research on individuals, addressing effects of personal and environmental factors in directing social attention. The theory's conceptual origins, however, suggest that social comparison may have behavioral implications as well. Such behaviors may include attempts by an individual to enhance the relative status of his ingroup on a salient dimension of comparison. Such behavior is referred to as "social competition." In two studies, the effects of social comparison and social competition were measured in the real-world environment of community food drives. Participants were aggregated by household; 600 households in upper middle-class neighborhoods in Eugene and Salem, Oregon, were contacted. In Study 1 of 300 households, it was hypothesized that inclusion of a social competition cue in requests for donation would significantly increase the likelihood of donation. This hypothesis was supported. Study 2 was done to clarify the possible role in a social comparison of perceived ingroup inferiority in the prior observed increase in donations. The inclusion of a social comparison cue in the donation request significantly increased donations in households of the second study. The findings suggest that researchers should expand study of the theory's behavioral implications, including the role of social comparison in prosocial behavior. PMID:18567213

Shipley, Andrew

2008-04-01

283

The role of the social sciences in East–West relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the foundations of the current system of East–West scholarly exchanges in the social sciences, beginning with the Congress for Cultural Freedom in 1950. It traces the development of the social sciences in post-war Europe to philosophical differences between Polanyi and Bernal concerning long-term planning in science. This article argues that the development of the social sciences played

P. Grémion

2001-01-01

284

Applying Social Network Analysis to the Information in CVS Repositories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The huge quantities of data available in the CVS reposi- tories of large, long-lived libre (free, open source) software projects, and the many interrelationships among those data offer opportunities for extracting large amounts of valuable information about their structure, evolution and internal processes. Unfortunately, the sheer volume of that informa- tion renders it almost unusable without applying method- ologies which

Luis Lopez-Fernandez; Gregorio Robles; Jesus M. Gonzalez-Barahona; Juan Carlos

2004-01-01

285

Applying Social Network Analysis to the Information in CVS Repositories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The huge quantities of data available in the CVS reposi- tories of large, long-lived libre (free, open source) software projects, and the many interrelationships among those data, offer opportunities for extracting large amounts of valuable information about their structure, evolution and internal processes. Unfortunately, the sheer volume of that informa- tion renders it almost unusable without applying method- ologies which

Luis López-Fernández; Gregorio Robles-Martínez; Jesús M. González-Barahona; Juan Carlos

286

Applying Historic Science Communication Lessons to Today's Global Change Issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As global population surges towards seven billion and anthropogenic impacts ricochet throughout Earth’s environment, effective science communication has become essential. In today’s digital world where science communication must contend with stiff competition for audience attention, it is crucial to understand the lessons gleaned from a century worth of science communication research. Starting in the early part of the twentieth century a cadre of American scientists began to advocate for better public understanding of science, arguing that better understanding of science meant a better quality of life, better public affairs deliberations, and the elevation of democracy and culture. To improve science communication, many models of the communication process have been developed since then. Starting in the 1940s, science communication researchers adopted the linear communication model of electrical engineering. Over time, the one-way scientific communication of the linear model came to be identified with the deficit model approach—which assumes little prior scientific knowledge on the part of the receiver. A major failure of the deficit model was witnessed during the Mad Cow Disease outbreak in the UK: beef safety was over-simplified in the communication process, people were given a false sense of security, many ended up sick, and public trust in government plummeted. Of the many lessons learned from failures of the deficit model, arguably, the most significant lesson is that the public’s prior knowledge and life experience is always brought to bear on the message, i.e. the message must be contextualized. Here, we examine the major science communication lessons of the past century and discuss how they can inform more effective global change communication.

Rocchio, L. E.

2009-12-01

287

Philosophy of the Social Sciences: The Nature of Political Inquiry \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This course is designed to serve as a required companion to the introductory graduate course in quantitative methods. It presumes a fairly strong background in the study of American politics and institutions. In the first section of the course, we will explore the major approaches to studying political science. Students should be able to identify and apply these approaches to

Thomas Edison

288

Educacion y Ciencias Sociales en el Mundo Moderno. [Education and the Social Sciences in the Modern World].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, written in Spanish, discusses the relationship between research in the social sciences and the role of the university in social science education. The author considers the education of researchers, the application of research, the need for interdisciplinary research methods, and problems involved in cross-cultural studies. He states…

Rimoldi, Horacio J. A.

289

Applied aerodynamics experience for secondary science teachers and students  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics & Engineering Science at the University of Florida in conjunction with the Alachua County, Florida School Board has embarked on a four-year project of university-secondary school collaboration designed to enhance mathematics and science instruction in secondary school classrooms. The goals are to provide teachers with a fundamental knowledge of flight sciences, and to stimulate interest among students, particularly women and minorities, toward careers in engineering, mathematics, and science. In the first year of the project, all thirteen of the eighth grade physical science teachers and all 1200 of the eighth grade physical science students in the county participated. The activities consisted of a three-day seminar taught at the college level for the teachers, several weeks of classroom instruction for all the students, and an airport field trip for a subgroup of about 430 students that included an orientation flight in a Cessna 172 aircraft. The project brought together large numbers of middle school students, teachers, undergraduate and graduate engineering students, school board administrators, and university engineering faculty.

Abbitt, John D., III; Carroll, Bruce F.

1992-01-01

290

Higher Education and Employment: The Changing Relationship. The Case of the Humanities and Social Sciences. Expert Contribution: Norway. The Humanities, Social Sciences and Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, one of a series of country studies on higher education and employment, particularly in the humanities and social sciences, looks at the employment of social science and humanities graduates in Norway. The paper opens by briefly sketching some major interrelated developments in current society such as shifts in the economy, changes in…

Eide, Kjell

291

Social Science and Health Research: Growth at the National Institutes of Health  

PubMed Central

Programs within the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have recently taken steps to enhance social science contributions to health research. A June 2000 conference convened by the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research highlighted the role of the social sciences in health research and developed an agenda for advancing such research. The conference and agenda underscored the importance of research on basic social scientific concepts and constructs, basic social science research on the etiology of health and illness, and the application of basic social science constructs in health services, treatment, and prevention research. Recent activities at NIH suggest a growing commitment to social science research and its integration into interdisciplinary multilevel studies of health.

Bachrach, Christine A.; Abeles, Ronald P.

2004-01-01

292

Social and Behavioral Challenges of HIV Vaccines: Implications for Social Work and Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safe and efficacious HIV vaccine would be a tremendous asset to halting the spread of HIV. Nevertheless, HIV vaccines face a range of social and behavioral challenges that will determine their ultimate contribution to prevention. HIV vaccine development and clinical trials raise thorny social, behavioral, and ethical issues around resource allocation, recruitment and enrollment, trial implementation, and post-trial follow-up

Peter A. Newman

2009-01-01

293

Implementation of the NCSS Guidelines for Teaching Science-Related Social Issues: Exemplar Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Guidelines for Teaching Science-Related Social Issues adopted in 1982 by the National Council for the Social Studies and 10 examplar lessons each keyed to particular guidelines and drawing upon contemporary issues. The premise upon which the guidelines are based is that science is a social issue and that the examination…

Otto, Robert A., Ed.

294

Ethics and the unintended consequences of social research: A perspective from the sociology of science  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that “successful” social science requires the development of a social ethic or sense of research responsibility. An examination of impediments to ethical reflection in sociology suggests that an individualistic orientation is ineffective in coping with the unintended consequences of social research. Such consequences can be particularly harmful in the sociology of science where policy research and governmental

Kenneth E. Studer; Daryl E. Chubin

1977-01-01

295

The role of the social sciences in capacity building in ocean and coastal management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consideration of the role of the social sciences in capacity building in ocean and coastal management is grouped into four main themes. The first part of the paper deals with the nature and record of the social sciences in studies both of and related to coastal management. The major fields are treated in turn, and include psychology, social anthropology, sociology,

Hance D. Smith

2002-01-01

296

Effects of Lawyers' Sociopolitical Attitudes on Their Judgments of Social Science in Legal Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

One theory to explain why courts often ignore relevant social science research is that it often refutes judges' sociopolitical beliefs. Using the death penalty as the exemplar social issue, this study explored whether lawyers' sociopolitical attitudes affect their judgments about the legal relevance of social science research introduced in court cases. Law students and state court judges completed a questionnaire

Richard E. Redding; N. Dickon Reppucci

1999-01-01

297

Trash Conflicts: A Science and Social Studies Curriculum on the Ethics of Disposal. An Interdisciplinary Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for middle school science and social studies classes, this document is a curriculum on waste disposal. Mathematics and language skills also are incorporated into many of the activities. In the study of trash disposal, science students benefit from understanding the social issues related to the problem. Social studies students need…

Ballin, Amy; And Others

298

"Kracking" the Missing Data Problem: Applying Krackhardt's Cognitive Social Structures to School-Based Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social network analysis can enrich school-based research on children's peer relationships. Unfortunately, accurate network analysis requires near-complete data on all students and is underutilized in school-based research because of low rates of parental consent. This article advocates Krackhardt's cognitive social structures (CSS) as a solution…

Neal, Jennifer Watling

2008-01-01

299

Perception of Supports and Barriers: Career Decision-Making for Sikh Indo-Canadian Young Women Entering the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to examine the supports and barriers that Sikh Indo-Canadian young women perceive in their career decision-making process to enter the applied social sciences at the university level. A qualitative descriptive case study approach (Yin, 2003) was used. Analyses indicated self-efficacy appraisals played an…

Mani, Priya S.

2005-01-01

300

Society and Culture: Systems Definitions for an Alternative Social Science Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two basic concepts of the social sciences--society and culture--are analyzed and new definitions are proposed. Concepts are the basic building blocks of scientific theory. A science with poor concepts will, therefore, be incapable of producing powerful scientific theory. When commonly used social science definitions of society and culture are…

Johnson, Gary R.

301

Middle School Science Teachers’ Perceptions of Social Justice: A Study of Two Female Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this qualitative study is to document two middle school science teachers’ perceptions of social justice and how these teachers implement various aspects of social justice in their science instruction. The two teachers teach science in an urban school that serves students from low-income, immigrant, and ethnic minority families. The study highlights key findings that pertain to the

Bhaskar Upadhyay

2010-01-01

302

Middle School Science Teachers' Perceptions of Social Justice: A Study of Two Female Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this qualitative study is to document two middle school science teachers' perceptions of social justice and how these teachers implement various aspects of social justice in their science instruction. The two teachers teach science in an urban school that serves students from low-income, immigrant, and ethnic minority families. The…

Upadhyay, Bhaskar

2010-01-01

303

Technology Integration Applied to Project-Based Learning in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a study which observed students' (aged 10-11) use of technology during project-based learning activities in science. As part of the overall process of project-based learning, students used computer technology as a tool for collecting information, organising it and presenting it to their peers. Students conducted…

ChanLin, Lih-Juan

2008-01-01

304

Data-intensive science applied to broad-scale citizen science.  

PubMed

Identifying ecological patterns across broad spatial and temporal extents requires novel approaches and methods for acquiring, integrating and modeling massive quantities of diverse data. For example, a growing number of research projects engage continent-wide networks of volunteers ('citizen-scientists') to collect species occurrence data. Although these data are information rich, they present numerous challenges in project design, implementation and analysis, which include: developing data collection tools that maximize data quantity while maintaining high standards of data quality, and applying new analytical and visualization techniques that can accurately reveal patterns in these data. Here, we describe how advances in data-intensive science provide accurate estimates in species distributions at continental scales by identifying complex environmental associations. PMID:22192976

Hochachka, Wesley M; Fink, Daniel; Hutchinson, Rebecca A; Sheldon, Daniel; Wong, Weng-Keen; Kelling, Steve

2012-02-01

305

Scientific Story Telling & Social Media The role of social media in effectively communicating science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific discourse generally takes place in appropriate journals, using the language and conventions of science. That's fine, as long as the discourse remains in scientific circles. It is only outside those circles that the rules and techniques of engaging social media tools gain importance. A young generation of scientists are eager to share their experiences by using social media, but is this effective? And how can we better integrate all outreach & media channels to engage general audiences? How can Facebook, Twitter, Skype and YouTube be used as synergy tools in scientific story telling? Case: during IODP Expedtion 342 (June-July 2012) onboard the scientific drillship JOIDES Resolution an onboard educator and videographer worked non-stop fort two months on an integrated outreach plan that tried and tested the limits of all social media tools available to interact with an international public while at sea. The results are spectacular!

Brinkhuis, D.; Peart, L.

2012-12-01

306

Chaos and transformation: implications of nonequilibrium theory for social science and society.  

PubMed

This article deals with all levels of both living (biological, psychological, sociological, and cultural) and nonliving (physical, chemical, and mathematical) systems. The idea of applying the natural scientific self-organizing, evolutionary, and non-equilibrium or "chaos" theory associated with the names of Prigogine and others to world problems of impending social, political, economic, and ecological "chaos" is gaining ground. The leap from natural science to social action, however, is impossible without considerable attention to the main intervening step: the development of "chaos"-equivalent, evolution-, systems-, and action-oriented social theory. Construction of such theory requires understanding by social scientists of natural scientific "chaos" theory as well as their own "chaos" theoretical heritage, of natural scientists of the now seemingly far distant social problem-solving potential of their nonequilibrium and self-organizing theories, and of both natural and social scientists of how advancement at both levels could help gain a peaceful as well as humanistic "order out of chaos" in this troubled world of ours. This paper surveys relevant concepts, problems, theorists, research, and works in progress within a perspective of the challenge of survival at a critical juncture in the evolution of our species. PMID:3689300

Loye, D; Eisler, R

1987-01-01

307

Standardization and Omics Science: Technical and Social Dimensions Are Inseparable and Demand Symmetrical Study  

PubMed Central

Abstract Standardization is critical to scientists and regulators to ensure the quality and interoperability of research processes, as well as the safety and efficacy of the attendant research products. This is perhaps most evident in the case of “omics science,” which is enabled by a host of diverse high-throughput technologies such as genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. But standards are of interest to (and shaped by) others far beyond the immediate realm of individual scientists, laboratories, scientific consortia, or governments that develop, apply, and regulate them. Indeed, scientific standards have consequences for the social, ethical, and legal environment in which innovative technologies are regulated, and thereby command the attention of policy makers and citizens. This article argues that standardization of omics science is both technical and social. A critical synthesis of the social science literature indicates that: (1) standardization requires a degree of flexibility to be practical at the level of scientific practice in disparate sites; (2) the manner in which standards are created, and by whom, will impact their perceived legitimacy and therefore their potential to be used; and (3) the process of standardization itself is important to establishing the legitimacy of an area of scientific research.

McDonald, Fiona; Jones, Mavis; Ozdemir, Vural; Graham, Janice E.

2010-01-01

308

Computational Science Center in Affiliation with the Departments of Applied Mathematics and Statistics and Computer Science Stony Brook University.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabl...

2004-01-01

309

Integrating Social Science into the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network: Social Dimensions of Ecological Change and Ecological Dimensions of Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integration of the social sciences into long-term ecological research is an urgent priority. To address this need, a group of social, earth, and life scientists associated with the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Net- work have articulated a conceptual framework for understanding the human dimensions of ecological change for the LTER Network. This framework ex- plicitly

Charles L. Redman; J. Morgan Grove; Lauren H. Kuby

310

8 CFR 103.12 - Definition of the term âlawfully presentâ aliens for purposes of applying for Title II Social...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...applying for Title II Social Security benefits under Public Law 104-193. 103.12... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS...applying for Title II Social Security benefits under Public Law 104-193. (a)...

2009-01-01

311

8 CFR 103.12 - Definition of the term âlawfully presentâ aliens for purposes of applying for Title II Social...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...applying for Title II Social Security benefits under Public Law 104-193. 103.12... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS...applying for Title II Social Security benefits under Public Law 104-193. (a)...

2010-01-01

312

IFLA General Conference, 1987. Division of Special Libraries. Biological and Medical Science Libraries Section. Social Science Libraries Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six of the nine papers in this collection focus on biological and medical science libraries; the remaining three are concerned with social science libraries. The papers on biological and medical science libraries appear first in this list: (1) "Standards for Medical and Health Care Libraries: Canada" (Jan Greenwood, Canada); (2) "Standards for…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

313

Science and Technology Curriculum for Non-Science Students in the Secondary School (Technology for Social Action Curriculum - TSAC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study focused on the construction and development of a model for guiding science curricula developers in designing the needed second generation programs for non-science secondary students in the seventies. The Technology (and Science) for Social Action Curriculum (TSAC) is presented as illustrative of the problems involved in…

Zoller, Uri

314

Earth Matters: Promoting Science Exploration through Blogs and Social Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Earth Observatory (EO) is a 13-year old online publication focusing on the communication of NASA Earth science research, including climate change, weather, geology, oceanography, and solar flares. We serve two primary audiences: the "attentive public"--people interested in and willing to seek out information about science, technology, and the environment--and popular media. We use the EO website (earthobservatory.nasa.gov) to host a variety of content including image-driven stories (natural events and research-based), articles featuring NASA research and, more recently, blogs that give us the ability to increase interaction with our users. For much of our site's history, our communication has been largely one way, and we have relied primarily on traditional online marketing techniques such as RSS and email listservs. As the information ecosystem evolves into one in which many users expect to play a more active role in distributing and even developing content through social media, we've experimented with various social media outlets (blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Google+, etc.) that offer new opportunities for people to interact with NASA data, scientists, and the EO editorial team. As part of our explorations, we are learning about how, and to what extent, these outlets can be used for interaction and outright promotion and how to achieve those goals with existing personnel and resources.

Ward, K.; Voiland, A. P.; Carlowicz, M. J.; Simmon, R. B.; Allen, J.; Scott, M.; Przyborski, P. D.

2012-12-01

315

Bridging the cultural chasm: Improving collaboration and cooperation between the computer and social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the cultural chasm between computer scientists and social scientists and suggests ways and benefits of closer interaction and possible collaboration. Specifically, it presents exploratory research on the attitudes of computer scientists concerning the need for social research in computer system design, the efficacy of social science and the utility of social scientists in this endeavor, and finally

Bruce Perlman; Roli Varma

2001-01-01

316

An Alternative to Von Glasersfeld's Subjectivism in Science Education: Deweyan Social Constructivism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses von Glasersfeld's view of constructivism in science and mathematics educational research and practice. Provides a social constructivist alternative to von Glaserfeld's subjectivist constructivism. Discusses the practical art of experimental construction and objectivity in science education. (Author/JRH)

Garrison, Jim

1997-01-01

317

Social behavior in the "Age of Empathy"?-A social scientist's perspective on current trends in the behavioral sciences.  

PubMed

Recently, several behavioral sciences became increasingly interested in investigating biological and evolutionary foundations of (human) social behavior. In this light, prosocial behavior is seen as a core element of human nature. A central role within this perspective plays the "social brain" that is not only able to communicate with the environment but rather to interact directly with other brains via neuronal mind reading capacities such as empathy. From the perspective of a sociologist, this paper investigates what "social" means in contemporary behavioral and particularly brain sciences. It will be discussed what "social" means in the light of social neuroscience and a glance into the history of social psychology and the brain sciences will show that two thought traditions come together in social neuroscience, combining an individualistic and an evolutionary notion of the "social." The paper concludes by situating current research on prosocial behavior in broader social discourses about sociality and society, suggesting that to naturalize prosocial aspects in human life is a current trend in today's behavioral sciences and beyond. PMID:23755003

Matusall, Svenja

2013-01-01

318

Dear Colleague Letter - Director, Division of Social and Economic Sciences (Closes: 10/14/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

... Title: Division of Social and Economic Sciences Division Director Employment Opportunities--Dear ... Letter Date: August 18, 2005 Dear Colleague: I am seeking your assistance in identifying potential ...

319

A World Apart? Bridging the Gap between Theory and Applied Social Gerontology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on the premise that there is inadequate attention to the link between theory and applied research in social gerontology. The article contends that applied research studies do not often or effectively employ a theoretical framework and that theory-based articles, including theory-based research, are not often focused on…

Hendricks, Jon; Applebaum, Robert; Kunkel, Suzanne

2010-01-01

320

Foundations of "new" social science: Institutional legitimacy from philosophy, complexity science, postmodernism, and agent-based modeling  

PubMed Central

Since the death of positivism in the 1970s, philosophers have turned their attention to scientific realism, evolutionary epistemology, and the Semantic Conception of Theories. Building on these trends, Campbellian Realism allows social scientists to accept real-world phenomena as criterion variables against which theories may be tested without denying the reality of individual interpretation and social construction. The Semantic Conception reduces the importance of axioms, but reaffirms the role of models and experiments. Philosophers now see models as “autonomous agents” that exert independent influence on the development of a science, in addition to theory and data. The inappropriate molding effects of math models on social behavior modeling are noted. Complexity science offers a “new” normal science epistemology focusing on order creation by self-organizing heterogeneous agents and agent-based models. The more responsible core of postmodernism builds on the idea that agents operate in a constantly changing web of interconnections among other agents. The connectionist agent-based models of complexity science draw on the same conception of social ontology as do postmodernists. These recent developments combine to provide foundations for a “new” social science centered on formal modeling not requiring the mathematical assumptions of agent homogeneity and equilibrium conditions. They give this “new” social science legitimacy in scientific circles that current social science approaches lack.

Henrickson, Leslie; McKelvey, Bill

2002-01-01

321

Cross-Disciplinary Report on the Mathematical Sciences Applied to Materials Science. Part 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project produced a National Research Council report from the Board on Mathematical Sciences, Mathematical Research in Materials Science. Opportunities and Perspectives, that documents and presents technical details of fruitful collaborations between ...

J. R. Tucker

1993-01-01

322

Minitheories: A Modular Approach to Learning Applied to Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspectives on a psychological approach to learning are offered in this paper. Specific emphasis is directed to the assumption that children possess "minitheories." Minitheories are defined as attempts to make sense of particular kinds of experiences and are explained and delimited by the domain of experience to which they currently apply. This…

Claxton, Guy

323

Applying science and mathematics to big data for smarter buildings.  

PubMed

Many buildings are now collecting a large amount of data on operations, energy consumption, and activities through systems such as a building management system (BMS), sensors, and meters (e.g., submeters and smart meters). However, the majority of data are not utilized and are thrown away. Science and mathematics can play an important role in utilizing these big data and accurately assessing how energy is consumed in buildings and what can be done to save energy, make buildings energy efficient, and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper discusses an analytical tool that has been developed to assist building owners, facility managers, operators, and tenants of buildings in assessing, benchmarking, diagnosing, tracking, forecasting, and simulating energy consumption in building portfolios. PMID:23819911

Lee, Young M; An, Lianjun; Liu, Fei; Horesh, Raya; Chae, Young Tae; Zhang, Rui

2013-08-01

324

Applied Science Division annual report, Environmental Research Program FY 1983  

SciTech Connect

The primary concern of the Environmental Research Program is the understanding of pollutant formation, transport, and transformation and the impacts of pollutants on the environment. These impacts include global, regional, and local effects on the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and on certain aspects of human health. This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. During FY 1983, research concentrated on atmospheric physics and chemistry, applied physics and laser spectroscopy, combustion theory and phenomena, environmental effects of oil shale processing, freshwater ecology and acid precipitation, trace element analysis for the investigation of present and historical environmental impacts, and a continuing survey of instrumentation for environmental monitoring.

Cairns, E.J.; Novakov, T.

1984-05-01

325

NASA Applied Sciences' DEVELOP National Program: Training the Next Generation of Remote Sensing Scientists  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since its inception over a decade ago, the DEVELOP National Program has provided students with experience in utilizing and integrating satellite remote sensing data into real world-applications. In 1998, DEVELOP began with three students and has evolved into a nationwide internship program with over 200 students participating each year. DEVELOP is a NASA Applied Sciences training and development program extending NASA Earth science research and technology to society. Part of the NASA Science Mission Directorate s Earth Science Division, the Applied Sciences Program focuses on bridging the gap between NASA technology and the public by conducting projects that innovatively use NASA Earth science resources to research environmental issues. Project outcomes focus on assisting communities to better understand environmental change over time. This is accomplished through research with global, national, and regional partners to identify the widest array of practical uses of NASA data. DEVELOP students conduct research in areas that examine how NASA science can better serve society. Projects focus on practical applications of NASA s Earth science research results. Each project is designed to address at least one of the Applied Sciences focus areas, use NASA s Earth observation sources and meet partners needs. DEVELOP research teams partner with end-users and organizations who use project results for policy analysis and decision support, thereby extending the benefits of NASA science and technology to the public.

Childs, Lauren; Brozen, Madeline; Hillyer, Nelson

2010-01-01

326

Symposium: Uneasy Bedfellows: Social Science and Pornography: The British, Canadian, and U.S. Pornography Commissions and Their Use of Social Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that British, Canadian, and U.S. pornography commissions' definitions of pornography and their positions on its potential effects show substantial variation in sociopolitical interpretations and regard for social science evidence. (ARH)

Einsiedel, Edna F.

1988-01-01

327

On agent-based modeling and computational social science  

PubMed Central

In the first part of the paper, the field of agent-based modeling (ABM) is discussed focusing on the role of generative theories, aiming at explaining phenomena by growing them. After a brief analysis of the major strengths of the field some crucial weaknesses are analyzed. In particular, the generative power of ABM is found to have been underexploited, as the pressure for simple recipes has prevailed and shadowed the application of rich cognitive models. In the second part of the paper, the renewal of interest for Computational Social Science (CSS) is focused upon, and several of its variants, such as deductive, generative, and complex CSS, are identified and described. In the concluding remarks, an interdisciplinary variant, which takes after ABM, reconciling it with the quantitative one, is proposed as a fundamental requirement for a new program of the CSS.

Conte, Rosaria; Paolucci, Mario

2014-01-01

328

Connections! Linking Mathematics to Social Studies, Art, and Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource guide from the Middle School Portal 2 project, written specifically for teachers, provides links to exemplary resources including background information, lessons, career information, and related national mathematics education standards. This publication offers online resources that connect mathematics to three subject areas: social studies, art, and science. Each section contains lesson plans, problems to solve, and examples of mathematics at work within contexts not usually associated with school mathematics. What is the point of integrating these disciplines? NCTM has reached this conclusion: If all the middle-grades teachers in a school do their best to connect content areas, mathematics and other disciplines will be seen as permeating life and not as just existing in isolation.

Herrera, Terese

2006-10-01

329

The Standard Model in the history of the Natural Sciences, Econometrics, and the social sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, scientists appropriated Newton's laws of motion as a model for the conduct of any other field of investigation that would purport to be a science. This early form of a Standard Model eventually informed the basis of analogies for the mathematical expression of phenomena previously studied qualitatively, such as cohesion, affinity, heat, light, electricity, and magnetism. James Clerk Maxwell is known for his repeated use of a formalized version of this method of analogy in lectures, teaching, and the design of experiments. Economists transferring skills learned in physics made use of the Standard Model, especially after Maxwell demonstrated the value of conceiving it in abstract mathematics instead of as a concrete and literal mechanical analogy. Haavelmo's probability approach in econometrics and R. Fisher's Statistical Methods for Research Workers brought a statistical approach to bear on the Standard Model, quietly reversing the perspective of economics and the social sciences relative to that of physics. Where physicists, and Maxwell in particular, intuited scientific method as imposing stringent demands on the quality and interrelations of data, instruments, and theory in the name of inferential and comparative stability, statistical models and methods disconnected theory from data by removing the instrument as an essential component. New possibilities for reconnecting economics and the social sciences to Maxwell's sense of the method of analogy are found in Rasch's probabilistic models for measurement.

Fisher, W. P., Jr.

2010-07-01

330

HIV, sex, and social change: applying ESID principles to HIV prevention research.  

PubMed

The HIV epidemic has been the most significant public health crisis of the last 2 decades. Although Experimental Social Innovation and Dissemination (ESID) principles have been used by many HIV prevention researchers, the clearest application is the series of model-building and replication experiments conducted by Kelly and colleagues. The model mobilized, trained, and engaged key opinion leaders to serve as behavior change and safe-sex endorsers in their social networks. This paper illustrates how ESID principles were used to develop, test, and disseminate an innovative social model and discusses the challenges of applying ESID methodology in the midst of a public health emergency. PMID:14703268

Fernández, M Isabel; Bowen, G Stephen; Gay, Caryl L; Mattson, Tiffany R; Bital, Evelyne; Kelly, Jeffrey A

2003-12-01

331

Seminar on the use of research reactors in fundamental and applied sciences. Programme and abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document includes the programme and the abstracts of papers presented at the ''Seminar on the use of research reactors in fundamental and applied sciences'' organized by the Tajoura Nuclear Research Centre in cooperation with the IAEA at Tajoura, Trip...

1984-01-01

332

Schools of California Online Resources for Education: History-Social Science One Stop Shopping for California's Social Studies Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the resources available for social studies teachers from the Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): History Social Science World Wide Web site. Includes curriculum-aligned resources and lessons; standards and assessment information; interactive projects and field trips; teacher chat area; professional development…

Hill, Margaret; Benoit, Robert

1998-01-01

333

An Analysis of the Social Science and History Concepts in Elementary Social Studies Textbooks Grades 1–4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social studies in the primary and elementary schools is often rationalized as providing a foundation in content for junior and senior high students. In this study the history and social science concepts in five selected primary series are identified and analyzed by discipline, for presence, and for sequencing across series. The implications of the omissions and lack of systematic presentation

Mary E. Haas

1991-01-01

334

Reconfiguring Access to Information and Expertise in the Social Sciences: The Social Shaping and Implications of Cyberinfrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

e-Social Science will transform not only how social researchers do their work, but also what they will discover, with whom they will collaborate, how they will share work, how they will report their findings, and what know-how they will require. Emerging technologies, such as the Grid and advanced Internet and Web developments, will reshape not only how researchers do what

William H. Dutton

335

Character or Caricature: Representations of Blackness in Dominican Social Science Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article sets out to examine the question: how do social science textbooks used in the Dominican public schools portray national identity and ethnicity to its students? This article examines how the popular contemporary Dominican perspective on "blackness" plays a fundamental role in the current Dominican social science public school…

Wigginton, Sheridan

2005-01-01

336

The Retreat from the Critical: Social Science Research in the Corporatised University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commodification of research in the social sciences sees a focus on "inputs" rather than "outputs" and an emphasis on the "science" rather than the "social". The empirical prevails at the expense of the critical, with lessening interest in, and support for, knowledge designed to interrogate orthodoxy. Increasingly, scholars have to operate in a…

Thornton, Margaret

2008-01-01

337

Social Science Information & Documentation: Is the Time Ripe for a State of the Art?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses social science information needs and behavior. The first section describes the Bath studies on social science information behavior in the 1970s. The world "after Bath" is considered in the second section, including the development of large databases, information retrieval problems, and scholars' personal information…

Hobohm, Hans-Christoph

338

Scientific Expertise and Natural Resource Decisions: Social Science Participation on Interdisciplinary Scientific Committees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social scientists should seek greater involvement in interdisciplinary scientific committees, which often play important roles in natural resource management. In addition to our acknowledged areas of expertise, we have the ability to educate other disciplines about social sciences and, importantly, also about the realities of biophysical science input into policy processes. Two examples are worth noting. First, the asymmetry of

William R. Freudenburg; Robert Gramling

2002-01-01

339

Social Science Stereotypes of the Mexican American Woman: Policy Implications for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social sciences portray the Chicana or Mexican American woman almost exclusively as a submissive maternal figure. The tenacity with which the social sciences have perpetuated stereotypes about Chicanas appears to be related to an on-going trend to support studies of interpersonal or cultural characteristics of Chicanas and a resistance to undertake evaluations of systemic discrimination against Mexican American women.

Sally J. Andrade

1982-01-01

340

"White Blankets May Make You Smarter" and Other Questionable Social Science Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social sciences are awash with studies of varying quality. The process of getting published is supposed to sort the good from the bad and, through feedback and editing, make the good better. Ideally, that is how the system should and usually does work--but it does not always work that way. One problem with social science research is that the…

Blimling, Gregory S.

2004-01-01

341

The Use of Citation Linkages and Networks for Information Retrieval in the Social Sciences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Design of Information Systems in the Social Sciences (DISISS) is a research project with the objective of carrying out research necessary for the effective design of information systems in the social sciences, whether by the creation of new systems or...

B. Skelton

1973-01-01

342

Cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences: advancing the humanities research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) released Our Cultural Commonwealth, the final report of the Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences. The report, based on a study funded by the Mellon Foundation, explored how research environments might be created for the humanities and social sciences to complement those being developed to support scientific research.

Joyce Ray; Clifford A. Lynch; Brett Bobley; Gregory Crane; Steven Wheatley

2007-01-01

343

Phronetic social science: a means of better researching and analysing coaching?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present the case for phronetic social science as an appropriate lens through which to view sports coaching. In doing so, we firstly define and then elaborate upon the principal concepts contained within phronetic social science as related to complex action, flexibility, moral reflection and power. By locating them within recent coaching research, the

Liv B. Hemmestad; Robyn L. Jones; Øyvind F. Standal

2010-01-01

344

Involving Users in Social Science Research--A New European Paradigm?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent EU social science research programmes have stressed the importance of the "user". Using a study of EU funded social science projects, the article develops a typology of the different forms of user involvement. A case study of a "cluster" of research projects shows that user involvement within projects has significant national variations.…

Wickham, James; Collins, Grainne

2006-01-01

345

The Organisation of Sociality: A Manifesto for a New Science of Multi Agent Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we pose and motivate a challenge, namely the need for a new science of multi- agent systems. We propose that this new science should be grounded, theoretically on a richer conception of sociality, and methodologically on the extensive use of computational modelling for real-world applications and social simulations. Here, the steps we set forth towards meeting that

Pietro Panzarasa; Nicholas R. Jennings

346

Social Sciences in Forestry. A Current Selected Bibliography and Index. No. 72.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Social Sciences in Forestry" provides an annotated bibliographic listing of 648 current references arranged according to four major areas of forestry: (1) social sciences applications to forestry at large (containing citations on resources, history, legislation, policy, planning, appraisal and valuation, investment and finance,…

Albrecht, Jean, Ed.; Rodkewich, Patricia, Ed.

1987-01-01

347

Social Sciences in Forestry. A Current Selected Bibliography and Index. No. 71.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Social Sciences in Forestry" provides an annotated bibliographic listing of 682 current references arranged according to four major areas of forestry: (1) social sciences applications to forestry at large (containing citations on resources, history, legislation, policy, planning, appraisal and valuation, investment and finance,…

Albrecht, Jean, Ed.; Rodkewich, Patricia, Ed.

1987-01-01

348

Elements of Creative Social Science: Part I--Towards Greater Authority for the Knowledge Base.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an argument defending the cognitive knowledge base in the social sciences. Contends that the findings related to the sociosphere are as important as those findings in the technosphere or biosphere. Suggests that the creation of a social science equivalency to research and development which would be called operationalizing and assembly.…

Lengyel, Peter

1989-01-01

349

The Integration of Natural and Social Sciences in the MAB Programme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Methods of the Unesco Man and the Biosphere (MAB) program inhibit the integration of natural and social sciences. The systems analysis and modeling used by MAB employ little of social science theory. The program must be committed to disciplinary integration and involve local people in projects. (KC)

Whyte, Anne

1982-01-01

350

Basic Concepts in the Methodology of the Social Sciences. HSRC Studies in Research Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considerations of validity that are central to all disciplines in the social sciences are discussed, and concepts that are an essential part of the intellectual equipment of the social sciences researcher are systematically analyzed. Fundamental methodological concepts underlying decisions made in the research process are highlighted to encourage…

Mouton, Johann, Ed.; Marais, H. C.

351

A Guanxi Shibboleth based Security Infrastructure for e-Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

An e-Social Science infrastructure generally has security requirements to protect their restricted resources or services. As a widely accepted authentication and authorization technology, Shibboleth supports the sharing of resources on inter- institutional federation. Guanxi is an open source implementation of the Shibboleth protocol and architecture. In this paper, we propose a security infrastructure for e-social science based on the Guanxi

Wei Jie; Alistair Young; Junaid Arshad

352

The 1954 Social Science Statement and School Desegregation: A Reply to Gerard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

H.B. Gerard (1983) has misrepresented the content of the 1954 Social Science Statement. His appraisal of school desegregation is misleading in terms of both its current status and future potential; further, the actual and potential role of social science in public policy is more extensive than Gerard has claimed. (CMG)

Cook, Stuart W.

1984-01-01

353

Effective Use of Social Media in Communicating Climate Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The internet and social media have been a critical vector for misinformation on climate change. Scientists have not always been proactive or effective in utilizing the medium to bring attention to the best science, to correct misinformation and overcome urban myths. Similarly, mainstream journalists have been handicapped in dealing with the wide open nature of the medium, and often muted by editorial concerns or budget restrictions. Independent communicators who are highly motivated can make inroads in this area by using the internet's immediacy and connectivity to consistently connect viewers and readers to reliable information. Over the last 4 years, I have developed a series of you tube videos, made deliberately provocative to engage the internet's confrontational culture, but carefully crafted to bring the best science into the freewheeling community. In doing so, I have won the confidence of leading climate scientists, and in some cases assisted them in clarifying their message. This presentation will share simple tips, useful practices, and effective strategies for making complex material more clear and user friendly, and help scientists better convey the stories hidden in their data.

Sinclair, P. W.

2012-12-01

354

Reusable Social Networking Capabilities for an Earth Science Collaboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A vast untapped resource of data, tools, information and knowledge lies within the Earth science community. This is due to the fact that it is difficult to share the full spectrum of these entities, particularly their full context. As a result, most knowledge exchange is through person-to-person contact at meetings, email and journal articles, each of which can support only a limited level of detail. We propose the creation of an Earth Science Collaboratory (ESC): a framework that would enable sharing of data, tools, workflows, results and the contextual knowledge about these information entities. The Drupal platform is well positioned to provide the key social networking capabilities to the ESC. As a proof of concept of a rich collaboration mechanism, we have developed a Drupal-based mechanism for graphically annotating and commenting on results images from analysis workflows in the online Giovanni analysis system for remote sensing data. The annotations can be tagged and shared with others in the community. These capabilities are further supplemented by a Research Notebook capability reused from another online analysis system named Talkoot. The goal is a reusable set of modules that can integrate with variety of other applications either within Drupal web frameworks or at a machine level.

Lynnes, C.; Da Silva, D.; Leptoukh, G. G.; Ramachandran, R.

2011-12-01

355

The role of social support in students' perceived abilities and attitudes toward math and science.  

PubMed

Social cognitive models examining academic and career outcomes emphasize constructs such as attitude, interest, and self-efficacy as key factors affecting students' pursuit of STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) courses and careers. The current research examines another under-researched component of social cognitive models: social support, and the relationship between this component and attitude and self-efficacy in math and science. A large cross-sectional design was used gathering data from 1,552 participants in four adolescent school settings from 5th grade to early college (41 % female, 80 % white). Students completed measures of perceived social support from parents, teachers and friends as well as their perceived ability and attitudes toward math and science. Fifth grade and college students reported higher levels of support from teachers and friends when compared to students at other grade levels. In addition, students who perceived greater social support for math and science from parents, teachers, and friends reported better attitudes and had higher perceptions of their abilities in math and science. Lastly, structural equation modeling revealed that social support had both a direct effect on math and science perceived abilities and an indirect effect mediated through math and science attitudes. Findings suggest that students who perceive greater social support for math and science from parents, teachers, and friends have more positive attitudes toward math and science and a higher sense of their own competence in these subjects. PMID:22890901

Rice, Lindsay; Barth, Joan M; Guadagno, Rosanna E; Smith, Gabrielle P A; McCallum, Debra M

2013-07-01

356

On defining library and information science as applied philosophy of information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the relations between philosophy of information (PI), library and information science (LIS) and social epistemology (SE). In the érst section, it is argued that there is a natural relation between philosophy and LIS but that SE cannot provide a satisfactory foundation for LIS. SE should rather be seen as sharing with LIS a common ground, represented by

Luciano Floridi

2002-01-01

357

Applying science and strategy to operating room workforce management.  

PubMed

The traditional means of planning nurse staffing for operating rooms are either poorly translated to the setting or do not provide decision makers with a platform to defend their needs, especially in an era of health care reform. The surgical operations department of the Cleveland Clinic initiated a quality improvement project aimed at applying a scientific method to operating room staffing. One goal was to provide a defensible plan for allocating direct caregiver positions. A second goal was to provide a quick and easy way for nurse managers and directors to track positions and graphically depict the effect of vacancies and orientation on their staffing budgets. Using an objective, scientific method allows position requests to be approved quickly and allows managers to feel much more comfortable functioning in a "lean" mode because they know needed positions will be approved quickly. Managers and directors also have found that graphically depicting numbers of vacant positions, as well as staff in orientation, could quickly relate a story visually rather than getting "bogged down" in narrative (often losing finance administrators along the way). PMID:23198610

Butler, Victoria; Clinton, Christopher; Sagi, Harsha K; Kenney, Robert; Barsoum, Wael K

2012-01-01

358

Longitudinal effects of college type and selectivity on degrees conferred upon undergraduate females in physical science, life science, math and computer science, and social science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There has been much research to suggest that a single-sex college experience for female undergraduate students can increase self-confidence and leadership ability during the college years and beyond. The results of previous studies also suggest that these students achieve in the workforce and enter graduate school at higher rates than their female peers graduating from coeducational institutions. However, some researchers have questioned these findings, suggesting that it is the selectivity level of the colleges rather than the comprised gender of the students that causes these differences. The purpose of this study was to justify the continuation of single-sex educational opportunities for females at the post-secondary level by examining the effects that college selectivity, college type, and time have on the rate of undergraduate females pursuing majors in non-traditional fields. The study examined the percentage of physical science, life science, math and computer science, and social science degrees conferred upon females graduating from women's colleges from 1985-2001, as compared to those at comparable coeducational colleges. Sampling for this study consisted of 42 liberal arts women's (n = 21) and coeducational (n = 21) colleges. Variables included the type of college, the selectivity level of the college, and the effect of time on the percentage of female graduates. Doubly multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance testing revealed significant main effects for college selectivity on social science graduates, and time on both life science and math and computer science graduates. Significant interaction was also found between the college type and time on social science graduates, as well as the college type, selectivity level, and time on math and computer science graduates. Implications of the results and suggestions for further research are discussed.

Stevens, Stacy Mckimm

359

Social sciences research in neglected tropical diseases 2: A bibliographic analysis  

PubMed Central

Background There are strong arguments for social science and interdisciplinary research in the neglected tropical diseases. These diseases represent a rich and dynamic interplay between vector, host, and pathogen which occurs within social, physical and biological contexts. The overwhelming sense, however, is that neglected tropical diseases research is a biomedical endeavour largely excluding the social sciences. The purpose of this review is to provide a baseline for discussing the quantum and nature of the science that is being conducted, and the extent to which the social sciences are a part of that. Methods A bibliographic analysis was conducted of neglected tropical diseases related research papers published over the past 10 years in biomedical and social sciences. The analysis had textual and bibliometric facets, and focussed on chikungunya, dengue, visceral leishmaniasis, and onchocerciasis. Results There is substantial variation in the number of publications associated with each disease. The proportion of the research that is social science based appears remarkably consistent (<4%). A textual analysis, however, reveals a degree of misclassification by the abstracting service where a surprising proportion of the "social sciences" research was pure clinical research. Much of the social sciences research also tends to be "hand maiden" research focused on the implementation of biomedical solutions. Conclusion There is little evidence that scientists pay any attention to the complex social, cultural, biological, and environmental dynamic involved in human pathogenesis. There is little investigator driven social science and a poor presence of interdisciplinary science. The research needs more sophisticated funders and priority setters who are not beguiled by uncritical biomedical promises.

2011-01-01

360

Translating social and behavioral science research to the AIDS epidemic: a center for AIDS research perspective.  

PubMed

Integration of innovative social and behavioral science with public health approaches for HIV prevention and treatment is of critical importance for slowing the global HIV epidemic. Strengthening and focusing social and behavioral research linking testing and treatment strategies to populations at greatest risk for HIV is crucial. The Social and Behavioral Science Research Network(SBSRN), originated in 2006, involves twenty NIH-funded CFAR Centers and is responding to this challenge. PMID:23673885

Curran, James W; Hoxie, James A

2013-06-01

361

“Ethics wars”: Reflections on the Antagonism between Bioethicists and Social Science Observers of Biomedicine 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social scientists often lament the fact that philosophically trained ethicists pay limited attention to the insights they generate. This paper presents an overview of tendencies in sociological and anthropological studies of morality, ethics and bioethics, and suggests that a lack in philosophical interest might be related to a tendency among social scientists to employ either a deficit model (social science

Klaus Hoeyer

2006-01-01

362

Ethics and the Unintended Consequences of Social Research: A Perspective from the Sociology of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that "successful" social science requires development of a social ethic or sense of research responsibility, and suggests that an individualistic orientation is ineffective in coping with the unintended consequences of social research. Available from: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Box 211, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, single copies…

Studer, Kenneth E.; Chubin, Daryl E.

1977-01-01

363

Framing Education for a Science of Social Work: Missions, Curriculum, and Doctoral Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work education has historically been grounded in professional practice but recent discussions have urged a reconsideration of social work as a science. Social work is progressively doing more intervention work, service systems research, implementation research, and translational research which are elevating research standards to new levels…

Fong, Rowena

2012-01-01

364

The Role of Social Support in Students' Perceived Abilities and Attitudes toward Math and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social cognitive models examining academic and career outcomes emphasize constructs such as attitude, interest, and self-efficacy as key factors affecting students' pursuit of STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) courses and careers. The current research examines another under-researched component of social cognitive models: social

Rice, Lindsay; Barth, Joan M.; Guadagno, Rosanna E.; Smith, Gabrielle P. A.; McCallum, Debra M.

2013-01-01

365

Applying social marketing in health care: communicating evidence to change consumer behavior.  

PubMed

Social marketing uses commercial marketing strategies to change individual and organizational behavior and policies. It has been effective on a population level across a wide range of public health and health care domains. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of social marketing in changing health care consumer behavior through its impact on patient-provider interaction or provider behavior. Social marketers need to identify translatable strategies (e.g., competition analysis, branding, and tailored messages) that can be applied to health care provider and consumer behavior. Three case studies from social marketing illustrate potential strategies to change provider and consumer behavior. Countermarketing is a rapidly growing social marketing strategy that has been effective in tobacco control and may be effective in countering pharmaceutical marketing using specific message strategies. Informed decision making is a useful strategy when there is medical uncertainty, such as in prostate cancer screening and treatment. Pharmaceutical industry marketing practices offer valuable lessons for developing competing messages to reach providers and consumers. Social marketing is an effective population-based behavior change strategy that can be applied in individual clinical settings and as a complement to reinforce messages communicated on a population level. There is a need for more research on message strategies that work in health care and population-level effectiveness studies. PMID:18556638

Evans, W Douglas; McCormack, Lauren

2008-01-01

366

Pluralism and Rationality in the Social Sciences. Studies of Higher Education and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at science from a sociological perspective while still trying to retain the aim of improving rationality. The paper claims that it is rational to have a methodological division of labor in science, in particular in the social sciences, and concludes that mono-methodological Crusonian rationality should be replaced by…

Johansson, Ingvar

1990-01-01

367

Putting Sociology First--Reconsidering the Role of the Social in "Nature of Science" Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasting two examples from 2005, a creationism-trial and a recent textbook, the article shows two different ways of employing social considerations to demarcate science from non-science. Drawing conclusions from the comparison, and citing some of the leading proponents of science studies, the paper argues for a novel perspective in teaching…

Zemplen, Gabor A.

2009-01-01

368

The contribution of “information science” to the social and ethical challenges of the information age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce readers to the social and ethnical dimensions of information science. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provides a literature survey on the concept of information science and its history. It describes the different developments involved in the development of information science as a research field. It present various definitions and domains of

Shifra Baruchson-Arbib

2007-01-01

369

Cognitive Therapy Versus Exposure and Applied Relaxation in Social Phobia: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new cognitive therapy (CT) program was compared with an established behavioral treatment. Sixty-two patients meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) criteria for social phobia were randomly assigned to CT, exposure plus applied relaxation (EXP = AR), or wait-list (WAIT). CT…

Clark, David M.; Ehlers, Anke; Hackmann, Ann; McManus, Freda; Fennell, Melanie; Grey, Nick; Waddington, Louise; Wild, Jennifer

2006-01-01

370

The Study of Consumer Behavior and Social Validity: An Essential Partnership for Applied Behavior Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article challenges applied behavior analysts to use their knowledge of consumer behavior and effective educational strategies to provide consumers with useful information, thereby enabling them to make informed decisions. This will decrease the misconceptions that many consumers have about behavior analysis, thus improving the social validity…

Schwartz, Ilene S.

1991-01-01

371

Sustaining the Bering Ecosystem: A Social Science Research Plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Bering Sea is changing from an ice-dominated to an increasingly open water system. The over-arching goal of the NSF-supported Bering Ecosystem Study (BEST) is to understand the effects of climate variability and change on the Bering Sea ecosystem. To the people who are simultaneously a part of that ecosystem and rely on its productivity for life and work, climate change and its effects are among the top concerns. Sustaining the Bering Ecosystem articulates a vision and approaches for social science research as a component of the BEST Program (www.arcus.org/bering). This science plan seeks to initiate research to elucidate the dynamic relationship between the Bering Sea ecosystem and the humans who constitute an integral component of that system. To do so, this plan delineates a research program focused on three broad themes: 1. Impacts on humans: how past, current, and possible future changes in the Bering Sea ecosystem affect the health and well-being of people living and depending on this region for subsistence, employment, and cultural survival. 2. Human impacts: how changing human uses of the Bering Sea region affect the natural cycles of this ecosystem by moderating and/or accelerating systemic changes. 3. Dynamics of human and non-human natural systems: how the human-environmental dynamic has changed through time and may change in the future due to internal and external opportunities and pressures. These themes are developed in the context of a community-driven approach based on the concerns, goals, and interests of Bering Sea residents and other stakeholders of the region. This plan has been drafted through the collaboration of Bering Sea residents (primarily Alaska Natives) and non-resident stakeholders, social scientists, and natural scientists to focus efforts around research questions important to stakeholders, which in various ways center on issues of sustainability (of resources, economic opportunities, ways of life, and culture itself). The research envisioned by this plan will provide a foundation for resident communities, regional corporations and tribal councils, industry stakeholders, resource managers and policy makers at various levels to plan for and face the future with less uncertainty. To accomplish this goal, research must be developed with attention to concrete and practical outcomes. In this social science effort, and in the broader Bering Sea Ecosystem Study (BEST) of which it is a part, synergies must be explored that harness the strengths of multiple disciplines toward common purposes. For this reason, the research anticipated in this plan will: - generally involve interdisciplinary teams and projects that include a modeling component; - may focus on more than one of the defined research themes; and - require collaboration and partnership with Native and non-Native residents and stakeholders in the Bering Sea.

Fitzhugh, B.; Huntington, H. P.; Pete, M. C.; Sepez, J. A.

2007-12-01

372

L'interdisciplinarite en sciences sociales pour l'etude du contact des langues (Interdisciplinarity in Social Sciences of the Study of the Relationships of Languages). Proceedings of a Colloquium of the International Center for Research on Bilingualism and the Institute for Interethnic and Intercultural Studies and Research (2nd, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, October 1-5, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers given at an international conference applying the social sciences to the study of the relationships of languages include the following: "Reseaux sociaux et comportements langagiers en milieu de contact des langues" ("Social Networks and Language Behaviors in a Language Contact Setting") by M. Blanc and J. Hamers, with commentary by R.…

Prujiner, Alain, Ed.

373

Integrating Social Science into the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network: Social Dimensions of Ecological Change and Ecological Dimensions of Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integration of the social sciences into long-term ecological research is an urgent priority. To address this need, a group of social, earth, and life scientists associated with the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network have articulated a conceptual framework for understanding the human dimensions of ecological change for the LTER Network. This framework explicitly advocates that

Charles L. Redman; J. Morgan Grove; Lauren H. Kubyl

2004-01-01

374

Applied mathematical sciences research at Argonne, April 1, 1981-March 31, 1982  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the research activities in Applied Mathematical Sciences at Argonne National Laboratory for the period April 1, 1981, through March 31, 1982. The body of the report discusses various projects carried out in three major areas of research: applied analysis, computational mathematics, and software engineering. Information on section staff, visitors, workshops, and seminars is found in the appendices.

Pieper, G.W. (ed.)

1982-01-01

375

An instructional package integrating science and social studies instruction at the fifth-grade level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Integrative education is being implemented by classroom teachers who want to immerse students in an environment rich in problem-solving skills, critical analysis skills, ethics, valuing of knowledge, and communication of learning. Several subject areas in the curriculum have been integrated, such as literature with social studies and mathematics with science. The focus of this dissertation is on the integration of science and social studies at the fifth grade level using the Mississippi State Department of Education Curriculum Guidelines and Objectives (MSDE, 1995) and the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council (NRC), 1996). An instructional package of lesson plans that teachers can use as ideas to create their own plans for an integrated curriculum of science and social studies was devised. The Mississippi State Department of Education Curriculum Guidelines and Objectives for Social Studies (MSDE, 1995) at the fifth grade level contain fifteen competencies. Three standards from the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996) were chosen. They include (a) science and technology, (b) science in personal and social perspectives, and (c) the history and nature of science. Each competency for social studies has three lesson plans written that integrate the three chosen standards from the National Science Education Standards. A total of forty-five lesson plans were written integrating science and social studies. Each lesson plan includes an objective, materials, procedures, and evaluation for teachers. Teachers are encouraged to use the lesson plans as a guide in creating their own lesson plans that would correspond to their school's particular curriculum guidelines. Consideration should be given to the learning levels and styles of their classroom. This qualitative study was done to create lesson plans that integrate science and social studies with the hope that teachers will expand upon them and implement them into their curricula.

Hulley, Kathy Louise Sullivan

376

Higher Education and Employment: The Changing Relationship. The Case of the Humanities and Social Science. Country Study: Sweden.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, one of a series of country studies on higher education and employment, particularly in the humanities and social sciences, looks at employment for social science and humanities graduates in Sweden. Following an introduction in section 1, section 2 offers a short description of the evolution of humanities and social sciences in Swedish…

Andersson, Dan; And Others

377

Higher Education and Employment: The Changing Relationship. The Case of the Humanities and Social Sciences. Country Study: Austria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, one of a series of country studies on higher education and employment particularly in the humanities and social sciences, looks at employment prospects for social science and humanities graduates in Austria. Organized in three main sections the first reviews past problems in humanities and social science education. In particular the…

Pechar, Hans; And Others

378

Social dimensions of science-humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia.  

PubMed

This paper contains a critical exploration of the social dimensions of the science-humanitarian relationship. Drawing on literature on the social role of science and on the social dimensions of humanitarian practice, it analyses a science-humanitarian partnership for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia, an area threatened by tsunamigenic earthquakes. The paper draws on findings from case study research that was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The case study illustrates the social processes that enabled and hindered collaboration between the two spheres, including the informal partnership of local people and scientists that led to the co-production of earthquake and tsunami DRR and limited organisational capacity and support in relation to knowledge exchange. The paper reflects on the implications of these findings for science-humanitarian partnering in general, and it assesses the value of using a social dimensions approach to understand scientific and humanitarian dialogue. PMID:24905714

Shannon, Rachel; Hope, Max; McCloskey, John; Crowley, Dominic; Crichton, Peter

2014-07-01

379

Applied Mathematics and Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author considers the possibility of developing a more general applied mathematics which would be based on the ways in which all sciences use mathematics for measuring and describing natural and social phenomena. (Author/MN)

Conway, Freda

1978-01-01

380

Into the Curriculum: Reading/Language Arts: Cinderella, Cinderella, Cinderella! [and] Reading/Language Arts: Fanny vs. Cinderella [and] Science: Animals of the Ocean [and] Science and Social Studies: Weather or Climate? [and] Social Studies/Science/Language Arts/Mathematics: Rivers in America [and] Social Studies/Foreign Language: Bon Voyage!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides lesson plans for grades two and four to five reading/language arts, grade two science, grades three to five science/social studies, grade five language arts/math/science/social studies, and grades five to seven social studies/French. Lists resources and discusses library skills, subject objectives, instructional roles, activities,…

Lee, Betsey; Bailey, Annette; Rechkemmer, Rhonda; Hedrick, Judy; Stavarz, Jamie M.

1998-01-01

381

Onboard science data analysis: applying data mining to science-directed autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Onboard science processing opportunities can transform how spacecraft collect and use scientific data. The authors discuss three prototype software systems that tackle well-identified scientific calculations in a spaceborne setting. These include: QuakeFinder, an automated software package designed to search for subpixel surface motions on planetary surfaces; autonomous satellite detection, onboard software designed to automatically detect and flag natural satellites of

P. Stolorz; P. Cheeseman

1998-01-01

382

Applied Polymer Science: 21st Century edited by Clara D. Craver and Charles E. Carraher, Jr.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The collection of 47 highly readable review articles in a single volume makes Applied Polymer Science: 21st Century an excellent resource. While its breadth makes it unsuitable for use as a text, it will be a valuable addition to the shelf of anyone interested in modern applications of polymer science. Additionally, libraries would be well advised to obtain a copy to provide their patrons with an excellent introduction to a variety of topics.

Allin, Shawn B.

2002-08-01

383

NASA Applied Sciences' DEVELOP Program Fosters the Next Generation of Earth Remote Sensing Scientists  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Satellite remote sensing technology and the science associated with the evaluation of the resulting data are constantly evolving. To meet the growing needs related to this industry, a team of personnel that understands the fundamental science as well as the scientific applications related to remote sensing is essential. Therefore, the workforce that will excel in this field requires individuals who not only have a strong academic background, but who also have practical hands-on experience with remotely sensed data, and have developed knowledge of its real-world applications. NASA's DEVELOP Program has played an integral role in fulfilling this need. DEVELOP is a NASA Science Mission Directorate Applied Sciences training and development program that extends the benefits of NASA Earth science research and technology to society.

Childs, Lauren M.; Brozen, Madeline W.; Gleason, Jonathan L.; Silcox, Tracey L.; Rea, Mimi; Holley, Sharon D.; Renneboog, Nathan; Underwood, Lauren W.; Ross, Kenton W.

2009-01-01

384

The origins of pure and applied science in Gilded Age America.  

PubMed

"Pure science" and "applied science" have peculiar histories in the United States. Both terms were in use in the early part of the nineteenth century, but it was only in the last decades that they took on new meanings and became commonplace in the discourse of American scientists. The rise in their currency reflected an acute concern about the corruption of character and the real possibilities of commercializing scientific knowledge. "Pure" was the preference of scientists who wanted to emphasize their nonpecuniary motives and their distance from the marketplace. "Applied" was the choice of scientists who accepted patents and profits as other possible returns on their research. In general, the frequent conjoining of "pure" and "applied" bespoke the inseparable relations of science and capitalism in the Gilded Age. PMID:23286191

Lucier, Paul

2012-09-01

385

Social Science Courses for Future Teachers: The Conflict between Education and the Arts and Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Programs which lead to licensing and certification of social studies teachers should be based upon standards and curriculum set by social studies educators instead of social scientists. Reluctance of social scientists to work cooperatively with social studies educators is based largely upon the inability of social studies professionals to define…

Anctil, Donald E.

386

Teaching the behavioral science component in a family practice residency: social work role.  

PubMed

The article describes a social work-oriented behavioral science component within a family practice residency training program. The identified goal of teaching the behavioral science component is the development of skills in the area of interpersonal (physician-patient) relationships. To this end, a lecture series, self-awareness growth groups, and counseling experiences by residents are used. Whereas a number of disciplines deal with human interaction and behavior and are included under the "behavioral science" rubric, the paper shows the particular effectiveness of a social worker's direction in meeting the behavioral science training needs of family practice residents. PMID:7292244

Wolkenstein, A S; Laufenburg, H F

1981-01-01

387

Becoming allies: Combining social science and technological perspectives to improve energy research and policy making  

SciTech Connect

Within the energy research community, social sciences tends to be viewed fairly narrowly, often as simply a marketing tool to change the behavior of consumers and decision makers, and to ''attack market barriers''. As we see it, social sciences, which draws on sociology, psychology, political science, business administration, and other academic disciplines, is capable of far more. A social science perspective can re-align questions in ways that can lead to the development of technologies and technology policy that are much stronger and potentially more successful than they would be otherwise. In most energy policies governing commercial buildings, the prevailing R and D directives are firmly rooted in a technology framework, one that is generally more quantitative and evaluative than that fostered by the social sciences. To illustrate how social science thinking would approach the goal of achieving high energy performance in the commercial building sector, they focus on the US Department of Energy's Roadmap for commercial buildings (DOE 2000) as a starting point. By ''deconstructing'' the four strategies provided by the Roadmap, they set the stage for proposing a closer partnership between advocates of technology-based and social science-based approaches.

Diamond, Rick; Moezzi, Mithra

2002-07-01

388

Examining the social and scientific roles of invention in science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have been drawn to the construct of “invention” and “inventive acts” because in my research involving how homeless children construct science and the self-in-science, an overwhelming theme has been the multiple ways in which self-identity in science has been described by the children through a language of invention. Using post-modern feminism and science and technologies studies, I examine the multiple uses and definitions of “invention” in science in order to develop a theory of invention and inventive acts around the themes: invention as a social act, invention as a recursive and socially linked process, and embodied agency. I use this framework to examine the construct of “invention” in two different case studies involving the science education of urban homeless children. Finally, I link this discussion of invention and inventive acts with current international reform initiatives revolving around constructivist science teaching and learning.

Calabrese-Barton, Angela

1998-03-01

389

Evolution of natural and social science interactions in global change research programs  

PubMed Central

Efforts to develop a global understanding of the functioning of the Earth as a system began in the mid-1980s. This effort necessitated linking knowledge from both the physical and biological realms. A motivation for this development was the growing impact of humans on the Earth system and need to provide solutions, but the study of the social drivers and their consequences for the changes that were occurring was not incorporated into the Earth System Science movement, despite early attempts to do so. The impediments to integration were many, but they are gradually being overcome, which can be seen in many trends for assessments, such as the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, as well as both basic and applied science programs. In this development, particular people and events have shaped the trajectories that have occurred. The lessons learned should be considered in such emerging research programs as Future Earth, the new global program for sustainability research. The transitioning process to this new program will take time as scientists adjust to new colleagues with different ideologies, methods, and tools and a new way of doing science.

Mooney, Harold A.; Duraiappah, Anantha; Larigauderie, Anne

2013-01-01

390

From Wayback Machine to Yesternet: New Opportunities for Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social scientists have stores of data on individuals and groups but relatively little on social interactions, the basis of all social life. That is likely to change due to the spread of computer-mediated interactions that leave a digital record. The flood of available on-line information - from corporate web pages to news groups, wikis, and blogs - has the potential

William Arms; Dan Huttenlocher; Jon Kleinberg; Michael Macy; David Strang

391

A Demanding Future in the Hydrologic Sciences: International Collaborations and Incorporating the Social Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When considering groundwater research focused on sustainable water supply in a developing region such as western Africa, questions that need to be addressed range from long-term variation in precipitation, to geochemical alteration of natural and anthropogenic contaminants, to development of management strategies that are consistent not only with technology but also with social and religious customs. While some may view these projects as 'service', these types of projects provide fertile ground for new technical and policy advances in the study of groundwater resources, with results that may provide substantial new insights to technological and policy issues in the United States. Research questions that might be addressed include impact of long-term uncertainties in climate, integration of data time-series of variable frequency and quality, measure of the value of a groundwater resource, integration of technical and social constraints on management strategies, and integration of multiple views of water as a resource. In addition, these types of projects provide opportunities for active collaboration with colleagues from other countries who view research in hydrology quite differently than do many of our colleagues in the United States. It is therefore argued that there is a demanding, challenging future for advances in the hydrologic sciences focused on sustainability issues in regions of the world for which groundwater is a critical resource limiting development.

Silliman, S. E.; Crane, P.; Boukari, M.

2005-12-01

392

Combating Terrorism: Research Priorities in the Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The knowledge and tools of the social, behavioral and economic (SBE) sciences are immediately applicable to the construction of strategies that can enhance the Nation's capacity to predict, prevent, prepare for and recover from a terrorist attack. Our cap...

2006-01-01

393

Vicarious intergroup contact effects: Applying social-cognitive theory to intergroup contact research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution examines the role of vicarious contact (observing in-group members having successful cross-group contact) as a tool to improve intergroup relations. Expanding previous research on indirect intergroup contact, vicarious contact (1) integrates and applies concepts of social-cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986) to the field of intergroup contact research; (2) broadens the study of indirect contact effects to the observation of

Agostino Mazziotta; Amélie Mummendey; Stephen C. Wright

2011-01-01

394

Summary of research in applied mathematics, numerical analysis and computer science at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis and computer science during the period October 1, 1983 through March 31, 1984 is summarized.

1984-01-01

395

Summary of research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science during the period October 1, 1988 through March 31, 1989 is summarized.

1989-01-01

396

Engineering success: Persistence factors of African American doctoral recipients in engineering and applied science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify factors that influence African Americans to pursue and complete doctoral degrees in engineering and applied science disciplines. Critical race theory (CRT), two models of doctoral student persistence, and graduate student persistence literature guided the conceptual framework of this study. In-depth and focus group interviews were conducted to learn the key factors that positively impacted the persistence of 19 African Americans who earned doctoral degrees in engineering and applied science. The following two factors were found to significantly contribute to the decision to pursue the doctorate: encouragement from others and participation in a research or internship program. Key factors impacting doctoral degree completion included: peer support, faculty adviser support, support from university administrators, and family support. In addition to identifying factors that influenced 19 African Americans to pursue and complete doctoral degrees in engineering and applied science, this study was about the importance of diversity and inclusion of multiple perspectives in education research and scholarship. To this end, the study served to promote and include the expert knowledge of African American doctoral degree recipients in engineering and applied science in the scholarly discourse on the issue of low participation rates of African Americans in engineering and applied science disciplines. Such knowledge will challenge traditional views on this issue and hopefully inspire new ways of addressing and remedying this issue. With African Americans and other minority populations growing at an exponential rate, people of color are quickly becoming the majority in key states across the nation. Therefore, it is imperative that all Americans have an opportunity to develop skills necessary to compete for professional positions in the science and engineering workforce. This mandate is required for the United States to maintain a competitive edge in the global marketplace, and to continue to make technological advances in this ever-changing world.

Simon, Tiffany Monique

397

New territory: Problems of adjusting to the first year of a social science PhD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1982 there have been considerable structural changes in the funding and organisation of the social science PhD, yet what knowledge there is concerning the actual PhD process is scant. In an attempt to remedy this state of affairs, this paper examines in some depth the problems which first year social science PhD students encounter when adapting to their new

John Hockey

1994-01-01

398

A human and social sciences wiktionary in a peer-to-peer network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an integration of a multicultural and multilingual wiktionary in human and social sciences in a peer-to-peer network. This on-line dictionary was developed as part of the FSP project to allow researchers from both side of Mediterranean Sea to exchange and to share knowledge in the human and social sciences domain. The present extension would allow off-line collaborative

Lydia Nadia Khelifa; R. Mezil; A. Si-Mohammed; T. Bouabana-Tebibel

2010-01-01

399

A virtual community in transition, a Russian social science and humanities network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is about evolving patterns of participation in an electronically-supported network organised in 1999 in Russia for research scholars in the social sciences and humanities (the Russian Social Science and Humanities Network, RSSH.Net). The service provides search, databases, discussion and information services for a world-wide academic community interested in Russian studies. Its users are located in Russia, the FSU,

I. M. Garskova; C. S. Leonard

2003-01-01

400

Does the Modality Principle for Multimedia Learning Apply to Science Classrooms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study demonstrated that the modality principle applies to multimedia learning of regular science lessons in school settings. In the first field experiment, 27 Dutch secondary school students (age 16-17) received a self-paced, web-based multimedia lesson in biology. Students who received lessons containing illustrations and narration performed…

Harskamp, Egbert G.; Mayer, Richard E.; Suhre, Cor

2007-01-01

401

Applied Nuclear Science Research and Development progress report, June 1, 1984-May 31, 1985  

SciTech Connect

This progress report describes the activities of the Los Alamos Applied Nuclear Science Group for June 1, 1984 through May 31, 1985. The topical content includes the theory and evaluation of nuclear cross sections; neutron cross section processing and testing; neutron activation, fission products and actinides; and core neutronics code development and application. 70 refs., 31 figs., 15 tabs. (WRF)

Arthur, E.D.; Mutschlecner, A.D. (comps.)

1985-09-01

402

Geographic Distribution of Applicants to the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology (SIAST) Planning, Research and Development Division conducted three studies of the geographic origins of applicants to the Institute. The analyses of the places of origin provided SIAST with solid information to assist in planning program delivery in the province. The studies used the…

McGartland, Gertrude; Stallard, Claire

403

Institutional operating figures in basic and applied sciences: Scientometric analysis of quantitative output benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Institutional operating figures and benchmarking systems are important features for the implementation of efficacy in basic and applied sciences. They are needed for research evaluation and funding policy. However, the current policy settings for research evaluation urgently need review since there may be imbalances present in many areas. METHODS: The present study assessed benchmarking of research output. By the

Beatrix Groneberg-Kloft; Cristian Scutaru; Carolin Kreiter; Silvana Kölzow; Axel Fischer; David Quarcoo

2008-01-01

404

34 CFR 637.3 - What regulations apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

34 Ç Education Ç 3 Ç 2010-07-01 Ç 2010-07-01 Ç false Ç What regulations apply to the Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program? Ç 637.3 Ç Section 637.3 Ç Education Ç Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) Ç OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT...

2010-07-01

405

Applying Catastrophe Theory to an Information-Processing Model of Problem Solving in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we test an information-processing model (IPM) of problem solving in science education, namely the working memory overload model, by applying catastrophe theory. Changes in students' achievement were modeled as discontinuities within a cusp catastrophe model, where working memory capacity was implemented as asymmetry and the degree…

Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Tsaparlis, Georgios

2012-01-01

406

Applying Item Response Theory Methods to Design a Learning Progression-Based Science Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning progressions are used to describe how students' understanding of a topic progresses over time and to classify the progress of students into steps or levels. This study applies Item Response Theory (IRT) based methods to investigate how to design learning progression-based science assessments. The research questions of this study are: (1)…

Chen, Jing

2012-01-01

407

Critical realism as a philosophy and social theory in information science?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The philosophical position known as critical realism is briefly introduced, and some of its central features are used to connect the philosophy and the realist social theory to some current library and information science (LIS) models of information behaviour. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper uses a literature-based analysis of the critical realism concepts of a stratified social reality, the

Marianne Wikgren

2005-01-01

408

ORGANIZATIONAL ADAPTATION THROUGH DIFFUSION AND SOCIAL NETWORKS: A STUDY OF FAMILY CONSUMER SCIENCES EXTENSION AGENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the interconnectedness of social networks of the early adopter Family and Consumer Science Extension Agents (FCS Agents) of the Mental Healthiness and Aging Initiative (MHAI) pilot conducted in eleven (11) eastern Kentucky counties between October 2007 and April 2009 and compares the social network connections of the FCS Agents in the other six Extension Districts in Kentucky.

Deborah Adkins Murray

2012-01-01

409

Promoting reciprocal relationships—examining the ‘give and take’ in Social Science research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on how international Social Work research can respond to critiques of western Social Science research with Third World women. Drawing on recent fieldwork experiences with young women in Mozambique, it examines the power relationships that are inherent in the ‘give and take’ between researchers and participants. Questions such as ‘who gave what?’ and ‘who

Aisha Taplin

2009-01-01

410

Social Science Research on Rural Health Care Delivery -- A Compilation of Recent and Ongoing Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The nature of research work on social and economic problems confronting rural areas is reviewed. During 1975 and 1976, names of persons performing social science research on the delivery of medical care were compiled. A form was devised for obtaining info...

S. M. Cordes

1978-01-01

411

When are Racial Disparities in Education the Result of Racial Discrimination? A Social Science Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Synthesizes the social science research on racially correlated disparities in education, focusing on biological determinism (behavioral genetics); social structure (e.g., reproduction theory and resistance theory); school organization and opportunities to learn (e.g., resources, racial composition, and tracking); family background (financial,…

Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin

2003-01-01

412

Current research activities: Applied and numerical mathematics, fluid mechanics, experiments in transition and turbulence and aerodynamics, and computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, fluid mechanics including fluid dynamics, acoustics, and combustion, aerodynamics, and computer science during the period 1 Apr. 1992 - 30 Sep. 1992 is summarized.

1992-01-01

413

The Coming Crisis in Social Work: Some Thoughts on Social Work and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, the authors consider the challenge made by two keynote speakers at recent social work research conferences, one in the United States and the other in Europe. Both spoke of a knowledge crisis in social work. Both John Brekke (Society for Social Work and Research) and Peter Sommerfeld (First Annual European Conference for Social Work…

Longhofer, Jeffrey; Floersch, Jerry

2012-01-01

414

The discourse of power and knowledge in the social sciences and study of Muslim society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines parallels between contemporary Western and Muslim thought. It proposes that there is congruence in Western and Muslim political thought on issues of soft foundationalism, negative theology, provisional truth claims and religious democracy to offset hegemonic tendencies. In the social sciences, specifically political science, the neutralization of ideology is also supported in response to concern about ideological encroachments

Danial Yusof

2012-01-01

415

Our "Collegium Antropologicum" officially the most improved social science journal in the world for mid-2002.  

PubMed

Thomson ISI's bimonthly web-product ISI Essential Science Indicators (ESI) is an in-depth analytical tool that regularly reports quantitative analyses of research performance and science trends, covering about 8,500 scientific journals from the entire world. In each issue ESI lists the scientists, institutions, countries and journals that are most improved from one update to the next, i.e. that show the largest percentage increase in total citations. In its edition of January 2003, it reported that our "Collegium Antropologicum" was the most improved journal in the field of Social Sciences during the period from July 2002 to September 2002. The field of Social Sciences is one of 22 categories of science regularly analyzed by ESI. It includes anthropology, public health, sociology, social work and policy, political science, law, education, communication, library and information sciences, environmental studies and rehabilitation. Due to journal's success, which is based on publications of predominantly Croatian scientists within the past seven post-war years, Croatia was also officially the most improved among more than 200 countries, and University of Zagreb was the most improved in the field of Social Science among thousands of other institutions. We hope that this is an early sign of revival of the scientific activity in our country after the War in Croatia (1991-1995). PMID:12974128

Rudan, Pavao; Skari?-Juri?, Tatjana; Rudan, Igor

2003-06-01

416

Distributed Expertise in a Science Center: Social and Intellectual Role-Taking by Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project examines the way that children and parents talk about science outside of school and, specifically, how they show distributed expertise about biological topics during visits to a science center. We adopt a theoretical framework that looks at learning on three interweaving planes: individual, social, and cultural (tools,…

Zimmerman, Heather Toomey; Reeve, Suzanne; Bell, Philip

2008-01-01

417

A Method of Synthesizing Large Bodies of Knowledge in the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing concepts of formal symbolic logic, the philosophy of science, computer technology, and the work of Hans Zetterberg, a format is suggested for synthesizing and increasing use of the rapidly expanding knowledge of the social sciences. Steps in the process include formulating basic propositions, utilizing computers to establish sets, and…

Thiemann, Francis C.

418

CURRENT PROJECTS ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 1964.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION IS THE SIXTH ANNUAL INVENTORY OF RESEARCH PROJECTS WHICH ARE CURRENTLY IN PROGRESS AT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND WHICH DEAL WITH THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. THE INFORMATION INVOLVED IN THIS DOCUMENT WAS COMPILED BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR THE USE OF SCHOLARS, ADMINISTRATORS, AND OTHERS…

PERLMAN, JACOB

419

Fisheries policy, research and the social sciences in Europe: Challenges for the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite evidence of a broadening of the science base for European fisheries policy with the incorporation of an ecosystem approach and increasing use of economic modelling, the contribution of the social sciences to policy related research remains less conspicuous. Progress has occurred in the understanding of institutional structures and the theory of fisheries governance, but analysis of EU funded research

David Symes; Ellen Hoefnagel

2010-01-01

420

Social Cognitive Predictors of Interest in Environmental Science: Recommendations for Environmental Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the influence of social cognitive variables on students' interest in environmental science careers and investigated differences between White and ethnic minority students on several career-related variables. The sample consisted of 161 undergraduate science majors (124 White students, 37 ethnic minority students). Results of…

Quimby, Julie L.; Seyala, Nazar D.; Wolfson, Jane L.

2007-01-01

421

Math and Science Social Cognitive Variables in College Students: Contributions of Contextual Factors in Predicting Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of two contextual factors, parental involvement and perceived career barriers, on math/science goals. Using social cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994), a path model was tested to investigate hypothesized relationships between math- and science-related efficacy beliefs (i.e., task and…

Byars-Winston, Angela M.; Fouad, Nadya A.

2008-01-01

422

Innovations: The Social Consequences of Science and Technology. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Biological Sciences Curriculum Study designed, developed, and field-tested a series of nine curriculum resource units for a semester program called "Innovations: The Social Consequences of Science and Technology (IST)." The units were designed for use by students and teachers in the 11th and 12th grades and at the junior college level: either…

Tolman, Richard R.

423

Into the Curriculum. Art: Whistler's Mother; Reading/Language Arts: Finding My Voice; Science: Where on My Tongue? Taste; Social Studies/Science: Volcanoes; Social Studies: Pompeii.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides five fully developed library media activities that are designed for use with specific curriculum units in art, reading, language arts, science, and social studies. Describes library media skills, curriculum objectives, grade levels, resources, instructional roles, procedures, evaluation, and follow-up for each activity. (LRW)

Reed-Mundell, Charlie

2001-01-01

424

Better Red than Dead--Putting an End to the Social Irrelevance of Postwar Philosophy of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asks what is necessary in a theory of science adequate to the task of empowering philosophers of science to participate in public debate about science in a social context. It is argued that an adequate theory of science must be capable of theorizing the role of values and motives in science and that it must take seriously the…

Howard, Don

2009-01-01

425

Microsatellites (~ 50 kg) for the fundamental and applied science. Capacity building for Russian Academy of Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design and manufacturing of micro-satellite ( 50 kg) platforms for the fundamental and applied research of the Earth and near-earth outer space is a problem which is complex both scientifically and technically. Main point is to define the scientific task which could be effectively solved by micro-satellite instrumentation. It is necessary also to carry out an integral approach in the

Lev Zelenyi; V. Rodin; A. Gurevich; A. Alferov; P. Getsov

2008-01-01

426

Social Work Agonistes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work should be founded on a powerful network of diverse practitioners applying the social sciences to advance social welfare today. Instead, social work education operates under the guise of identity politics, reserving its highest appointments for the politically correct and members of under-represented groups, with little concern for…

Stoesz, David

2008-01-01

427

Better Red than Dead—Putting an End to the Social Irrelevance of Postwar Philosophy of Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper asks what is necessary in a theory of science adequate to the task of empowering philosophers of science to participate in public debate about science in a social context. It is argued that an adequate theory of science must be capable of theorizing the role of values and motives in science and that it must take seriously the irreducibly social nature of scientific knowledge.

Howard, Don

2009-02-01

428

The Challenge of the Humanities and Social Science Education Through the Basic Seminar (Science of Snow Sports)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Education Center of Chiba Institute of Technology is taking a new approach to the introduction of liberal arts subjects commonly included in the curriculum of all departments through a newly established basic seminar, the Science of Snow Sports. Each faculty member has been working on setting up classes that cross the conventional boundaries of fields and disciplines and which are targeted at students of all faculties and departments. This paper describes the potential for teaching liberal arts and social science subjects to engineering students through the medium of sports science, based on actual experience gained via this new approach.

Taniai, Tetsuyuki; Sugimoto, Taku; Sato, Ken-Ichi; Ikota, Masaru

429

Schools, science, social justice, and the role of violence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article is a response to Carolina Castano's article "Extending the purposes of science education." Drawing on personal memories of life in Bogotá, I raise questions about the nature of violence in Colombia broadly, and ask how the intervention Castano proposes changes the ecology of violence in that country. It also ponders the relationship between schools, science, and violence. In conclusion it urges that science educators follow Castano's recommendation to make science education responsive to local community needs rather than standardized visions of education.

Weinstein, Matthew

2012-09-01

430

Social Science: PROJECT DESIGN. Educational Needs, Fresno, 1968, Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social studies programs in the Fresno City Unified School District are evaluated as part of PROJECT DESIGN, funded under ESEA Title III. This report surveys the scope and sequence of the social studies program and assesses how well the needs of learners are being met. Visits were made to 16 elementary, junior high, and senior high schools, and…

Sutherland, Jack W.

431

Geriatrics in relation to the social and behavioural sciences.  

PubMed

Social and behavioural gerontology is the scientific study of how men and women adapt to their environment as they grow older. It is a multidisciplinary area, comprising subjects each of which asserts an existence in its own right, as a scientific enterprise, apart from other subjects in the area, and apart from geriatrics. Social and behavioural gerontology, however, forms part of the total context within which geriatrics gets its meaning and value. Geriatrics, in turn, affects these other adjacent disciplines. Social and behavioural gerontology could help in a general way by putting geriatrics into this wide perspective and thus demonstrating the wider issues that might otherwise be neglected in the busy round of geriatric care. Social and behavioural gerontology could also help in numerous particular ways such as: the collection of normative data; improved conceptual analysis; better methods of observation, experimentation, measurement and data analysis; the integration of social and behavioural case-work with clinical geriatrics for both treatment and training purposes; improved techniques of social and behavioural assessment; improvements in communication; better social attitldes; increased self-help and understanding of the role of the elderly in society; more effective consumer behaviour; and more effective social policies incorporating long-range, broad-spectrum preventive measures. PMID:1008006

Bromley, D B

1976-11-01

432

Brown v. Board of Education and the Coleman Report: Social Science Research and the Debate on Educational Equality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education (1954) ruling, this article focuses on how the majority opinion in Brown set a precedent for the use of social science research in defining and examining inequity in education. This article argues that following Brown, social science research has gained prominence in its social

Wong, Kenneth K.; Nicotera, Anna C.

2004-01-01

433

The Role of Family Context in a Social Cognitive Model for Career-Related Choice Behavior: A Math and Science Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Causal modeling techniques applied to data from 791 college students showed that parental encouragement in math and science significantly influenced achievement, which in turn influenced self-efficacy and outcome expectations. Results supported the role of family context in Lent et al.'s social cognitive career choice model. (Contains 40…

Ferry, Tamara R.; Fouad, Nadya; Smith, Philip L.

2000-01-01

434

[Social cognition of schizophrenia: bridging gap between brain science and psychosocial intervention].  

PubMed

The concept and assessment tools for social cognition of schizophrenia were reviewed in order to bridge the gap between brain cognitive science and psycho-social intervention. Social cognition as well as neuro-cognition strongly influences social functioning, and the impact of neuro-cognition is mediated by social cognition. Neuronal networks of personal identification, facial perception, emotional identification, eye contact, "theory of mind", mutual communication, and the decision-making process have been clarified recently. The results of face discrimination and emotion recognition tasks show impairment in persons with schizophrenia as compared with healthy controls, especially fear, dislike, and sad recognition tasks. It might be difficult for them to link ambiguous stimuli with specific emotions, and they have a tendency to recognize uncomfortable emotions easily. "Jumping to conclusions" tendency (JTC) was identified in previous research on delusion. JTC develops from information uptake bias and confidence bias, and they might be thought to be trait and state. Social problem-solving is the skill to use social cognition to comprehensively adjust to specific social situations, and processing skills of social problem-solving are related to divergent thinking. Rating scales and the results of previous studies on emotion recognition, social perception, attribution style, and "theory of mind" were summarized. Furthermore, psycho-social interventions to improve emotion recognition directly, JTC, and divergent thinking were reported. Interventions aiming at improving social cognition or meta-cognition directly have been recently developed, which might improve some components of social functioning that used to be difficult to improve. These concepts of social cognition and researches on brain science, assessment tools, and intervention methods would clarify the mechanisms of the effects of psycho-social interventions, improve their methodology, and help to develop new aspects of intervention. PMID:22746041

Ikebuchi, Emi; Nakagome, Kazuyuki; Ikezawa, Satoru; Miura, Sachie; Yamasaki, Syudo; Nemoto, Takahiro; Hidai, Shin-Ichi; Mogami, Tamiko

2012-01-01

435

Applying remote sensing to invasive species science—A tamarisk example  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Invasive Species Science Branch of the Fort Collins Science Center provides research and technical assistance relating to management concerns for invasive species, including understanding how these species are introduced, identifying areas vulnerable to invasion, forecasting invasions, and developing control methods. This fact sheet considers the invasive plant species tamarisk (Tamarix spp), addressing three fundamental questions: *Where is it now? *What are the potential or realized ecological impacts of invasion? *Where can it survive and thrive if introduced? It provides peer-review examples of how the U.S. Geological Survey, working with other federal agencies and university partners, are applying remote-sensing technologies to address these key questions.

Morisette, Jeffrey T.

2011-01-01

436

Gaming for (Citizen) Science: Exploring Motivation and Data Quality in the Context of Crowdsourced Science through the Design and Evaluation of a Social-Computational System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizen Sort, currently under development, is a web-based social-computational system designed to support a citizen science task, the taxonomic classification of various insect, animal, and plant species. In addition to supporting this natural science objective, the Citizen Sort platform will also support information science research goals on motivation for participation in social-computation and citizen science. In particular, this research program

Nathan R. Prestopnik; Kevin Crowston

2011-01-01

437

Habitus, Social Fields, and Circuits in Rural Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schooling and science education are embedded within larger socio-cultural, political and economic contexts, influenced by global flows of capital, labor, ideas, and images. In this article we consider the ways in which ethnography traces the web of interactions (circuits), in a rural community and the ways that science inquiry was associated with…

Brandt, Carol B.; Shumar, Wesley; Hammond, Lorie; Carlone, Heidi; Kimmel, Sue; Tschida, Christina

2010-01-01

438

A quantitative model to assess Social Responsibility in Environmental Science and Technology.  

PubMed

The awareness of the impact of human activities in society and environment is known as "Social Responsibility" (SR). It has been a topic of growing interest in many enterprises since the fifties of the past Century, and its implementation/assessment is nowadays supported by international standards. There is a tendency to amplify its scope of application to other areas of the human activities, such as Research, Development and Innovation (R + D + I). In this paper, a model of quantitative assessment of Social Responsibility in Environmental Science and Technology (SR EST) is described in detail. This model is based on well established written standards as the EFQM Excellence model and the ISO 26000:2010 Guidance on SR. The definition of five hierarchies of indicators, the transformation of qualitative information into quantitative data and the dual procedure of self-evaluation and external evaluation are the milestones of the proposed model, which can be applied to Environmental Research Centres and institutions. In addition, a simplified model that facilitates its implementation is presented in the article. PMID:23892022

Valcárcel, M; Lucena, R

2014-01-01

439

[Social marketing: applying commercial strategies to the prevention of nosocomial infections].  

PubMed

Although a large proportion of healthcare-associated infections are avoidable, healthcare workers do not always practice evidence-based preventive strategies. Marketing technologies might help to improve patient safety. This article presents the basic principles of marketing and its potential use to promote good infection control practices. The marketing mix (Product, Price, Place, and Promotion) should be taken into account to induce behaviour change. By placing the emphasis on the perceived "profits" for healthcare workers the approach might lose its moral aspect and gain in effectiveness. VigiGerme, a non-commercial registered trademark, applies social marketing techniques to infection control and prevention. PMID:19492518

Sax, Hugo; Longtin, Yves; Alvarez-Ceyssat, Raymonde; Bonfillon, Chantal; Cavallero, Sabrina; Dayer, Pierre; Ginet, Claude; Herrault, Pascale

2009-04-01

440

Challenges in network science: Applications to infrastructures, climate, social systems and economics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Network theory has become one of the most visible theoretical frameworks that can be applied to the description, analysis, understanding, design and repair of multi-level complex systems. Complex networks occur everywhere, in man-made and human social systems, in organic and inorganic matter, from nano to macro scales, and in natural and anthropogenic structures. New applications are developed at an ever-increasing rate and the promise for future growth is high, since increasingly we interact with one another within these vital and complex environments. Despite all the great successes of this field, crucial aspects of multi-level complex systems have been largely ignored. Important challenges of network science are to take into account many of these missing realistic features such as strong coupling between networks (networks are not isolated), the dynamics of networks (networks are not static), interrelationships between structure, dynamics and function of networks, interdependencies in given networks (and other classes of links, including different signs of interactions), and spatial properties (including geographical aspects) of networks. This aim of this paper is to introduce and discuss the challenges that future network science needs to address, and how different disciplines will be accordingly affected.

Havlin, S.; Kenett, D. Y.; Ben-Jacob, E.; Bunde, A.; Cohen, R.; Hermann, H.; Kantelhardt, J. W.; Kertész, J.; Kirkpatrick, S.; Kurths, J.; Portugali, J.; Solomon, S.

2012-11-01

441

Putting Sociology First—Reconsidering the Role of the Social in `Nature of Science' Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contrasting two examples from 2005, a creationism-trial and a recent textbook, the article shows two different ways of employing social considerations to demarcate science from non-science. Drawing conclusions from the comparison, and citing some of the leading proponents of science studies, the paper argues for a novel perspective in teaching nature of science (NOS) issues, one that grows out of sociological and anthropological considerations of (scientific) expertise. In contrast to currently dominant epistemic approaches to teach NOS, this view makes it possible to incorporate epistemic and social norms in a unified framework that can alleviate presently problematic aspects of NOS modules, and can help students appreciate science as a privileged form of knowledge-production without becoming scientistic. A pilot module to carry out the above is presented and assessed, showing that a broad sociological starting point is closer to the lifeworld of students, and that traditional epistemic considerations need not be compromised.

Zemplén, Gábor Á.

2009-05-01

442

Ethics – a Curriculum Enhancement Initiative in Applied Computer Science Technology Degree Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the integration of ethicsinto an applied Computer Science Technologycurriculum through a four-step developmentprocess. This process includes: (1) declarationof the ethical value learning goal, (2) courseselection, (3) identification of specific coursecontent, and (4) teaching methods andassignments. Sample class activities areincluded. The activities can be implemented as``plug-and-play'' modules when incorporatingbasic ethical decision making into thecurriculum. Following this process allowsfaculty

John P. Buerck

2002-01-01

443

Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to many other scientific disciplines, computer science considers conference publications. Conferences have the\\u000a advantage of providing fast publication of papers and of bringing researchers together to present and discuss the paper with\\u000a peers. Previous work on knowledge mapping focused on the map of all sciences or a particular domain based on ISI published\\u000a Journal Citation Report (JCR). Although

Manh Cuong Pham; Ralf Klamma; Matthias Jarke

2011-01-01

444

[Health promotion and nursing education, which challenges? Case of the nurse in a Swiss University of Applied Sciences].  

PubMed

This work presents a research undertaken for a diploma of Master in social sciences in connexion with the conceptions of HES new graduate nurses concerning health promotion. An inductive qualitative approach has been used to explore the influence of the alternation training within the University of Applied Sciences of Health arc on their professionalisation. In addition to the semi-directing interviews, an understanding maintenance in group has been led to account for the reflexivity and difficulties of the new graduates. The results show that they spontaneously refer to the global health model, but are confused when asked to define the concept of health promotion. The practical training seems to be less professionalized in this precise field, in connection with a prevalence of the biomedical model and the nurses' increased workload. We identify socialization in the places of acute care. The results show that the formation at school accurately prepared the nurses to exert their role as a "reflexive practitioner" who takes into account the complexity of the various determinants of health with respect to the situations of care, although the lessons remain very abstract. The analysis of the results show that professionalisation of HES nurses is hesitant and fragile in the field of the promotion of health, due to several conceptual, epistemic, organisational and political factors. A "project-actions" has been worked out and has raised some levers and obstacles with its realisation. This research opens on other tracks of research, which could be able to explore more accurately the difficulties and obstacles at school and on the spot for practise and their influence on the professionalisation of the nurses-to-be. PMID:21972583

Messmer-Al Abed, Naamat

2011-09-01

445

Medical anthropology: toward a third moment in social science?  

PubMed

This article about medical anthropology was inspired by the work of Pierre Bourdieu, specifically, his efforts to reconcile the antinomy of a "social structuralist" and a "cultural constructivist" perspective. These perspectives are often opposed in the literature, but, in Bourdieu's view, human life cannot be studied without taking into account both how individuals are situated within and constrained by social structures and how those individuals construct an understanding of and impose meaning on the world around them. I argue that the special subject matter of medical anthropology--human health--demands that a synthetic approach be taken in our theory and research. I illustrate this argument with examples from my own research on social and cultural factors associated with blood pressure, and I point to other examples of this synthesis in medical anthropology. The results of this research hold promise for the continuing refinement of culture theory. PMID:11794870

Dressler, W W

2001-12-01

446

Relevance of Piagetian cross-cultural psychology to the humanities and social sciences.  

PubMed

Jean Piaget held views according to which there are parallels between ontogeny and the historical development of culture, sciences, and reason. His books are full of remarks and considerations about these parallels, with reference to many logical, physical, social, and moral phenomena.This article explains that Piagetian cross-cultural psychology has delivered the decisive data needed to extend the research interests of Piaget. These data provide a basis for reconstructing not only the history of sciences but also the history of religion, politics, morals, culture, philosophy, and social change and the emergence of industrial society. Thus, it is possible to develop Piagetian theory as a historical anthropology in order to provide a basis for the humanities and social sciences. PMID:24455813

Oesterdiekhoff, Georg W

2013-01-01

447

Director, Division of Social and Economic Sciences, ES-0101, SBE/SES (Closes: 11/30/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

The National Science Foundation is seeking qualified candidates for the position of Director, Division of Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (SES), Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (SBE). Applications may be transmitted electronically to execsrch@nsf.gov, mailed or delivered to the following address: National Science Foundation, Division of Human Resource Management, Executive Personnel, Room 315, ATTN: S20050128A-IPA, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22230. ...

448

Of pride and prejudice: the role of sociology and social networks in integrating the health sciences.  

PubMed

Calls have been issued for understanding the "contexts" or "environment" shaping the causes and consequences of health and health care. Existing efforts raise concerns about how a panorama of influences can be considered simultaneously. Sociology's view of contexts as social network structures that shape and are shaped in social interaction offers one key to resolving this dilemma. Because social networks have become central in the social, natural, and physical sciences, this perspective provides a common platform for bringing in sociology's rich theoretical and methodological insights. Yet, to do this well, three conditions must shape our response. First, all levels relevant to health and health care must be considered, separated out, and linked by network mechanisms. The genetic-biological level, perhaps the most foreign level to sociologists, represents the greatest need and best prospect for advancing a sociologically based solution. Second, room must be made to tailor models to populations, whether defined socially or medically. Third, sociologists must find a voice within "big science " to address problems from social construction to social causation that contribute to basic social processes as well as health. I trace developments in the Network-Episode Model as one theoretical starting point. PMID:17066772

Pescosolido, Bernice A

2006-09-01

449

Sixth Grade Interdisciplinary Packet: Science-Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for sixth graders focuses upon "Who is Man?", "Who am I?" and "Man Needs Man" in an interdisciplinary sequence that combines scientific and social studies ideas and theories. It is hoped that this approach will help the pupil shape positive change within himself and his society. Emphasis is upon pupils gaining both conceptual…

Madison Public Schools, WI.

450

Adding Semantics to Social Websites for Citizen Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

While efforts are underway to represent existing ecological databases semantically, so that they may be intelligently queried and integrated by agents, less attention has been paid to 1) rapidly changing datastreams, and 2) unstructured data from amateur observers. We describe the development of two tools that interact with popular social websites as a means to generate and take advantage of

Andriy Parafiynyk; Cynthia Sims Parr; Joel Sachs; Tim Finin

451

Importance of Empathy for Social Work Practice: Integrating New Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empathy is more important than ever to a national population worried about difficult political and socioeconomic situations. During the last 10 years, an enormous amount of research has been carried out to elucidate the nature, mechanism, and function of empathy. New research from social-cognitive neuroscience and related fields indicates that,…

Gerdes, Karen E.; Segal, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

452

Social Psychology as Science or History: An Experimental Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hypothesis that social psychological findings reflect the discipline's historical boundaries rather than scientific laws was tested in an experiment using the phenomenon known as the halo effect. Subjects (N = 61) were divided into four groups, each of which evaluated a stimulus person presented on videotape. The conditions varied were: (a) description of the person to be evaluated; (b)

Anne E. Foon

1986-01-01

453

The Science of Infancy: Academic, Social, and Political Agendas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of researchers in infancy is conditioned by their participation in 3 agendas. The academic agenda is devoted to the question of understanding infants, the social agenda is devoted to the question of how to improve the life of infants, and the political agenda is devoted to finding the resources for both understanding and…

Sameroff, Arnold J.

2005-01-01

454

Overcoming the Invisibility of Metrology: A Reading Measurement Network for Education and the Social Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The public and researchers in psychology and the social sciences are largely unaware of the huge resources invested in metrology and standards in science and commerce, for understandable reasons, but with unfortunate consequences. Measurement quality varies widely in fields lacking uniform standards, making it impossible to coordinate local behaviours and decisions in tune with individually observed instrument readings. However, recent developments in reading measurement have effectively instituted metrological traceability methods within elementary and secondary English and Spanish language reading education in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Australia. Given established patterns in the history of science, it may be reasonable to expect that widespread routine reproduction of controlled effects expressed in uniform units in the social sciences may lead to significant developments in theory and practice.

Fisher, William P., Jr.; Stenner, A. Jackson

2013-09-01

455

Knowledge and Empire: The Social Sciences and United States Imperial Expansion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the relationship between the social sciences in the U.S. and the formation of empire. I argue that the peculiar way the U.S. has established a global presence during the 20th century—by establishing a commercial empire rather than territorially-based colonies—has generated on the part of state and corporation an unusual interest in the knowledge produced by social

David Nugent

2010-01-01

456

Sharing Techniques and Experience in a Collaborative e-Social Science Pilot Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on insights from a collective ethnographic approach in the development of a multidisciplinary and collaborative e-social science project. Our pilot demonstrator explored the multidimensionality of social exclusion with regard to young people, neighborhood and crime, and in so doing developed user-led and data-driven Grid technologies. This collective ethnographic approach fostered reflexive development, which we define as 'situated

Bridgette Wessels; Max Craglia; Robin S. Smith

457

Editors' overview perspectives on teaching social responsibility to students in science and engineering.  

PubMed

Global society is facing formidable current and future problems that threaten the prospects for justice and peace, sustainability, and the well-being of humanity both now and in the future. Many of these problems are related to science and technology and to how they function in the world. If the social responsibility of scientists and engineers implies a duty to safeguard or promote a peaceful, just and sustainable world society, then science and engineering education should empower students to fulfil this responsibility. The contributions to this special issue present European examples of teaching social responsibility to students in science and engineering, and provide examples and discussion of how this teaching can be promoted, and of obstacles that are encountered. Speaking generally, education aimed at preparing future scientists and engineers for social responsibility is presently very limited and seemingly insufficient in view of the enormous ethical and social problems that are associated with current science and technology. Although many social, political and professional organisations have expressed the need for the provision of teaching for social responsibility, important and persistent barriers stand in the way of its sustained development. What is needed are both bottom-up teaching initiatives from individuals or groups of academic teachers, and top-down support to secure appropriate embedding in the university. Often the latter is lacking or inadequate. Educational policies at the national or international level, such as the Bologna agreements in Europe, can be an opportunity for introducing teaching for social responsibility. However, frequently no or only limited positive effect of such policies can be discerned. Existing accreditation and evaluation mechanisms do not guarantee appropriate attention to teaching for social responsibility, because, in their current form, they provide no guarantee that the curricula pay sufficient attention to teaching goals that are desirable for society as a whole. PMID:24277690

Zandvoort, Henk; Børsen, Tom; Deneke, Michael; Bird, Stephanie J

2013-12-01

458

Towards an Education for Social Justice: Ethics Applied to Education. New International Studies in Applied Ethics. Volume 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book challenges educators to envisage an education system which sees as its goal a more socially just world. It explores the question of how education, both formal and informal, can positively impact on all pupils' life chances and life experiences. The contributors to the book take the view that access to an equitable education for all is a…

Cotton, Tony, Ed.

2012-01-01

459

A Social Construction Approach to Computer Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer science education research has mostly focused on cognitive approaches to learning. Cognitive approaches to understanding learning do not account for all the phenomena observed in teaching and learning. A number of apparently successful educational approaches, such as peer assessment, apprentice-based learning and action learning, have…

Machanick, Philip

2007-01-01

460

Schools, Science, Social Justice, and the Role of Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a response to Carolina Castano's article "Extending the purposes of science education." Drawing on personal memories of life in Bogota, I raise questions about the nature of violence in Colombia broadly, and ask how the intervention Castano proposes changes the ecology of violence in that country. It also ponders the relationship…

Weinstein, Matthew

2012-01-01

461

The Social Competence of Highly Gifted Math and Science Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Involving 740 highly gifted math and science students from two different countries, Korea and the United States, this study examined how these gifted adolescents perceived their interpersonal ability and peer relationships and whether there were differences between these two groups by demographic variables. Based on the survey data, results showed…

Lee, Seon-Young; Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula; Thomson, Dana

2012-01-01

462

The scale issue in social and natural sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Spatial scale is a major concept in many ,sciences concerned with human ,activities and physical processes occurring at the Earth’s surface. In particular, geographic literature is rich in discussions about the importance of scale in both the scientific and the familiar representations of the world (Meentemeyer, 1989; Ferras, 1992). Scale is now increasingly recognized as a central concept in

Danielle J. Marceau

463

Vindication of the Human and Social Science of Kurt H. Wolff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to vindicate the viability of Kurt H. Wolff's methodology of surrender-and-catch for the human and social sciences. The article is divided into three sections. The first section explicates the fundamental significance of surrender-and-catch and Wolff's motivation for advocating its practice. The second section compares surrender-and-catch with phenomenological methodology as well as objective science and

Gary Backhaus

2003-01-01

464

Towards a Social Science of the Social: The Contribution of Praxeological Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational research developed initially using the natural science model based on the positivist tradition. Education was then seen as an application of the positivist science thus produced. This research could predict some effects but not explain the processes through which these effects came about. This exclusively numerical representation of…

Formosinho, Joao; Formosinho, Julia Oliveira

2012-01-01

465

Dimensions of Capacity Building: Lessons Learned from the NASA Applied Sciences Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extending the use of NASA's Earth science data to end-users and stakeholders globally has yielded many insights. This overview highlights the opportunities, challenges, success stories, and lessons learned in NASA's SERVIR, DEVELOP, Applied Remote Sensing Training, and Gulf of Mexico Initiative capacity building programs. In order to build the capacity to use Earth science data and observations in daily decision and policy-making, multiple dimensions of capacity need to be strengthened. End-users need to expand scientific and technological capacity. Human, institutional, organizational, and improved data-driven decision-making capacity is required to enable sustainable results. Metrics need to be established and clearly defined during the entire process. To ensure desired outcomes are achieved, impacts must be evaluated and measured against desired results. Recent successes in building capacity across several societal benefit areas are described.

Searby, N. D.; Irwin, D.; Ruiz, M.; Prados, A. I.; Armstrong, D.

2012-12-01

466

Effective HIV prevention: the indispensable role of social science  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the ways in which HIV prevention is understood including “biomedical”, “behavioural”, “structural”, and “combination” prevention. In it I argue that effective prevention entails developing community capacity and requires that public health addresses people not only as individuals but also as connected members of groups, networks and collectives who interact (talk, negotiate, have sex, use drugs, etc.) together. I also examine the evaluation of prevention programmes or interventions and argue that the distinction between efficacy and effectiveness is often glossed and that, while efficacy can be evaluated by randomized controlled trials, the evaluation of effectiveness requires long-term descriptive strategies and/or modelling. Using examples from a number of countries, including a detailed account of the Australian HIV prevention response, effectiveness is shown to be dependent not only on the efficacy of the prevention technology or tool but also on the responses of people – individuals, communities and governments – to those technologies. Whether a particular HIV prevention technology is adopted and its use sustained depends on a range of social, cultural and political factors. The paper concludes by calling on biomedical and social scientists to work together and describes a “social public health”.

Kippax, Susan

2012-01-01

467

Behavioral Sciences in Secondary Schools: An Inquiry-Oriented Interdisciplinary Approach to the Human Behavioral Sciences in Social Studies. Professional Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in secondary-level behavioral science curriculum development, informational background, and strategies for teaching behavioral science concepts are provided in this book. Chapters one through three define the behavioral sciences and examine their changing role and status in social studies education. Chapters four through six develop…

Anderson, Randall C.

468

The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge. Sociology of the Sciences, Volume II - Yearbook 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the second volume of an annual publication that deals with the sociology of the sciences from a very broad perspective. This volume is designed to stimulate new discussion among historians and sociologists of science and technology, economic and social historians as well as philosophers of science aiming at a more appropriate…

Krohn, Wolfgang, Ed.; And Others

469

Utilizing Social Media and Blogging to Teach Science Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Science Foundation presented the Science: Becoming the Messenger Workshop at my university in Fall 2011. Following the workshop, I started a blog (http://plasma.physics.wvu.edu/), Facebook page (WVU Plasma Physics), and Twitter feed (@WVUPlasma) to promote the West Virginia University Plasma Physics Research Groups. Faculty, postdocs, and graduate students in plasma physics are assigned the task of writing a blog post on a rotating basis as one of three elements for our monthly Journal Club. Our Facebook page and Twitter feed are used to announce new blog posts and accomplishments by group members. We have found this process to be a good way for students to learn to describe their research to people outside of their field of expertise. Details on establishing and maintaining these resources and specific examples will be presented. Follow me @plasmaphysmom.

Keesee, A. M.

2012-12-01

470

Turkey's output in social science publications: 1970-1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

Publications originating from Turkey in SSCI were analyzed for changes in the thirty-year span between 1970 and 1999. There\\u000a has been a high rate of increase in the number of publications and most of these publications were in the form of articles\\u000a and review papers. The rate of increase was lower than the increase in science publications but the rankings

Sami Gülgöz; Ömer A. Yedekçioglu; Ersin Yurtsever

2002-01-01

471

The Potential Impact of Social Science Research on Legal Issues Surrounding Single-Sex Classrooms and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article examines the role social science has played in litigation involving public single-sex educational programs. It also explores a body of social science research related to gender and education that we believe could assist the courts and school leaders in better examining the possibilities and the limitations of single-sex…

Eckes, Suzanne Elizabeth; McCall, Stephanie D.

2014-01-01

472

Perceptions of Pre-Service Social Sciences Teachers Regarding the Concept of "Geography" by Mind Mapping Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study is to present the perceptions of preservice social sciences teachers regarding the concept of geography. In the study, the study group consists of 46 preservice social sciences teachers, who receive education at Ahi Evran University. The data were collected in December, 2010. Mind maps were used as data collection tools…

Ozturk Demirbas, Cagri

2013-01-01

473

Interagency Working Group on Ocean Social Science: Incorporating ecosystem services approaches into ocean and coastal decision-making and governance  

EPA Science Inventory

The application of social science has been recognized as a priority for effective ocean and coastal management, driving much discussion and fostering emerging efforts in several areas. The Interagency Working Group on Ocean Social Science (IWG-OSS) is tasked with assisting the Su...

474

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report: Science & Social Studies, Spring 2002 Administration, Grades 8 and 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results from the third administration of the 8th and 11th grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) represent an important step in Delawares efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 8 and 11 are summarized here, and the results for grades 4 and…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

475

World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. Course Models for the History-Social Science Framework, Grade 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a response to teachers' requests for practical assistance in implementing California's history-social science framework. The document offers stimulating ideas to enrich the teaching of history and social science, enliven instruction for every student, focus on essential topics, and help make learning more memorable. Experiences…

Prescott, Stephanie, Ed.; And Others

476

Journal publishing in era of economic crisis : A case of scientific journals in the field of social sciences in Croatia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present findings from the research of aspects of journal publishing in the field of social sciences in Croatia in changing working conditions caused by the rapid development of information and communication technology. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is based on an online survey of 79 journals in the field of social sciences

Radovan Vrana

2011-01-01

477

Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) Maintained Research Institutes’ Libraries in India: Towards Digitization and Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) was established for development of social science research in India. It provides grants to 27 research institutes and six regional centers in India. These institutes have established close links with scholars in the region through activities such as seminars, workshops, training, and consultancy programs. Some of the institutes are closely associated with

P. K Jain

2003-01-01

478

Conducting Web-Based Surveys of Government Practitioners in Social Sciences: Practical Lessons for E-Government Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the use of surveys in social science research is not new, growing computerization and widespread availability of Internet access has made it increasingly possible to conduct these surveys online. However, populations in the social sciences - and particularly in e-government - are not always well defined, and their boundaries are fuzzy. Therefore, additional challenges need to be considered in

José Ramón Gil-garcía; Sara A. Berg; Theresa A. Pardo; G. Brian Burke; Ahmet Guler

2009-01-01

479

Within the Pipeline: Self-Regulated Learning, Self-Efficacy, and Socialization among College Students in Science Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined associations between changes in students' science self-efficacy and self-regulated learning strategies and their relation to science achievement. Influences of gender, ethnicity, and childhood and adolescent socialization experiences were also examined. The variables were consistent with Bandura's social cognitive…

DiBenedetto, Maria K.; Bembenutty, Hefer

2013-01-01

480

The Relationship Between Primary and Secondary Literature in the Social Sciences: A Study of Secondary Literature in Criminology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Study of the relationship between the primary and secondary journal literature of a social science discipline is described in this working paper. Criminology was chosen as the subject area for study, because it forms a fairly clearly identifiable area of the social sciences, is fairly self-contained, and because it has some distinctive…

Line, Maurice B.; And Others

481

Linking Validity and Ethics in Language Testing: Insights from the Hermeneutic Turn in Social Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we use a dialogue format to explore the possible relevance of ideas in the hermeneutic tradition of social science for examining contemporary issues that lie at the intersection of concerns about validity and ethics in language assessment. Specifically, we focus on language testing as a socio-political-cultural practice and…

Schwandt, T.A.; Jang, E.E.

2004-01-01

482

Government Information Collections and Services in the Social Sciences: The Subject Specialist Integration Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of government information by social sciences researchers has not increased since the 1980's. This article argues that academic libraries must begin to focus less on government organization and function and begin to collect government information and offer reference and instruction services within the context of disciplines. Subject librarians…

Cheney, Debora

2006-01-01

483

Considerations for the Social Science Librarian Using Library of Congress Class K (Law) Schedules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the impact of the publication of the Library of Congress Class K (Law) schedules on the classification of law-related materials for the social science librarian. Factors are noted which contribute to a growing division of law related materials in many libraries. Four references are listed. (EJS)

Wade, Howard Hugh; Hyatt, Dennis

1979-01-01

484

Social Sciences and Cultural Studies--Issues of Language, Public Opinion, Education and Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a unique and groundbreaking collection of questions and answers coming from higher education institutions on diverse fields and across a wide spectrum of countries and cultures. It creates routes for further innovation, collaboration amidst the Sciences (both Natural and Social) and the Humanities and the private and the public sectors of…

Lopez-Varela, Asuncion, Ed.

2012-01-01

485

An instructional package integrating science and social studies instruction at the fifth-grade level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrative education is being implemented by classroom teachers who want to immerse students in an environment rich in problem-solving skills, critical analysis skills, ethics, valuing of knowledge, and communication of learning. Several subject areas in the curriculum have been integrated, such as literature with social studies and mathematics with science. The focus of this dissertation is on the integration of

Kathy Louise Sullivan Hulley

1998-01-01

486

The New California/Social Science Framework: Resource and Teaching Ideas in Global Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains outlines for K-12 resource units on global studies for use with the 1981 "California History/Social Science Framework." Presented in a chart format, the outline for each grade level includes a unit description, suggested resources, and teaching methods and activities. (AM)

Buchholz, Joyce

1981-01-01

487

The normative foundation of social science in law revisited: A reply to melton  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion The primary thrust of Melton's argument is that “opposition by organized psychology to the Bork nomination would have been consistent with the jurisprudential philosophy on which social science in law, as a scholarly movement, is based” (p. 317). If APA is to justify opposition to Bork or future Supreme Court nominations (e.g., Souter), there should be a clearly identified

Mark A. Small

1991-01-01

488

I'm Not Sure What to Do! Learning Experiences in the Humanities and Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a focus group study of student experience in a large humanities and social science faculty in Australia. The study had two purposes: the first was to examine student study/work/life balance issues, and the second purpose was to investigate their experiences of study, workloads and assessment. This article reports on the…

Maher, JaneMaree; Mitchell, Jennifer

2010-01-01

489

Quality Criteria of Research Perceived by Academics in Social Sciences at Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the problem of research quality in social sciences at higher education. Quality of research produced at higher education started to be questioned more often as research became the major factor determining academics' promotion and fund allocation to universities. In the study, we aimed to reveal how academics…

Bakioglu, Aysen; Kurnaz, Ozlem

2009-01-01

490

Indiana's Academic Standards: Grade 2 English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in language arts, mathematics, science, and the social studies for Grade 2 students begins with a note to students and another note to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. The guide also lists 10 things parents can do to help…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

491

Indiana's Academic Standards: Grade 1 English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in language arts, mathematics, science, and the social studies for Grade 1 students begins with a note to students and another note to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. The guide also lists 10 things parents can do to help…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

492

Indiana's Academic Standards: Kindergarten English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies for kindergarten students begins with a note to students and another to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. It helps students understand what is required to meet the…

Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis.

493

Indiana's Academic Standards: Grade 3 English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and the Social Studies for Grade 3 students begins with a note to students and another note to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. The guide also lists 10 things parents can do to…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

494

Thinking Skills: Critical Thinking for Reading, Social Studies, and Science. GED Scoreboost.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the thinking skills needed to pass GED tests in Reading, Social Studies, and Science. The test taker will need to succeed with GED questions that involve comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and…

Castellucci, Marion

495

Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships in the United States: A Social Science Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether and how civil society should recognize committed relationships between same-sex partners has become a prominent, often divisive, policy issue. The present article reviews relevant behavioral and social science research to assess the validity of key factual claims in this debate. The data indicate that same-sex and heterosexual…

Herek, Gregory M.

2006-01-01

496

Part 2 The Link between GIS and spatial analysis . GIS, spatial econometrics and social science research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some ideas are formulated on the challenges presented to GIS, spatial analysis and spatial econometrics that result from recent trends in social science research. These new developments are characterized by a focus on the geography of phenomena. Particular emphasis is placed on the need to extend concepts of space, to broaden the analytical toolbox and to develop software and advance education.

Anselin, Luc

497

Finding and Analyzing Social Collaboration Networks in the Mexican Computer Science Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaboration of peers is rather common in some scientific communities and is being facilitated with the advances in telecommunication and computer networking technologies. In this paper, we analyze the collaboration networks formed among Mexican computer science scholars, using social network analysis techniques. A series of measurements are performed to identify some patterns of collaboration both among individuals and among Mexican

L. Garcia-Bauelos; Alberto Portilla; A. Chavez-Aragon; O. F. Reyes-Galaviz; H. Ayanegui-Santiago

2009-01-01

498

Event history and survival analysis in the social sciences II. Advanced applications and recent developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A previous paper (Hutchison, 1988) in this journal has provided an introduction to the basic concepts of survival and event history analysis, originally developed in medical research, econometrics and engineering, and argued the case for their wider application in the social sciences. This paper introduces some further complications that the researcher is likely to meet, and offers some guidelines for

Dougal Hutchison

1988-01-01

499

The Retreat of the State and the Future of Social Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amidst deep cuts to public spending, the UK Coalition government announced in 2010 that it would be substantially reducing its subsidy of social science within higher education. As part of the same deficit reduction strategy, the government is cutting funding to local authorities, disproportionately hitting urban councils in the most deprived…

Baars, Sam

2014-01-01

500

Recent Research in Math, Science, Language Arts, Social Studies and the Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is consensus in the United States that schools are not succeeding. This paper presents recent research in mathematics, science, language arts, social studies, and the arts to discuss ways in which to improve instruction and learning in these areas. Featured topics include cooperative learning, problem solving, use of technology, whole…

Novello, Mary K.