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1

40 CFR 81.340 - Rhode Island.  

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Rhode Island. 81.340 Section 81.340 Protection of Environment...Attainment Status Designations § 81.340 Rhode Island. Rhode Island—TSP Designated area Does not meet primary...

2014-07-01

2

Analysis of Offshore Wind Energy Leasing Areas for the Rhode Island/Massachusetts Wind Energy Area  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), under an interagency agreement with the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), is providing technical assistance to BOEM on the identification and delineation of offshore leasing areas for offshore wind energy development within the Atlantic Coast Wind Energy Areas (WEAs) established by BOEM in 2012. This report focuses on NREL's evaluation of BOEM's Rhode Island/Massachusetts (RIMA) WEA leasing areas. The objective of the NREL evaluation was to assess the proposed delineation of the two leasing areas and determine if the division is reasonable and technically sound. Additionally, the evaluation aimed to identify any deficiencies in the delineation. As part of the review, NREL performed the following tasks: 1. Performed a limited review of relevant literature and RIMA call nominations. 2. Executed a quantitative analysis and comparison of the two proposed leasing areas 3. Conducted interviews with University of Rhode Island (URI) staff involved with the URI Special Area Management Plan (SAMP) 4. Prepared this draft report summarizing the key findings.

Musial, W.; Elliott, D.; Fields, J.; Parker, Z.; Scott, G.

2013-04-01

3

Rhode Island Critical Resource Atlas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geographic Information System (GIS) technology is used to assist planners, scientists, geographers, and others to visualize data sets. This particular project created draws on data from the state of Rhode Island's Geographic Information System (RIGIS) database in order to assist land managers and other interested parties. The project was created with support from the Environmental Protection Agency, the University of Rhode Island Cooperative Extension, and a number of other organizations. On the site, visitors can click on maps of forests and wetlands, land use patterns, groundwater resources, soil hydrology, and biodiversity. On the site's homepage, visitors can also use the "Towns" drop down menu to look at information for different cities throughout the state. Additionally, the "Watershed Atlas" area provides detailed maps of the twelve watersheds located in Rhode Island.

4

77 FR 42651 - Disestablishment of Restricted Area, Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, Approximately 4 Nautical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The U.S. Navy (USN) requested that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) disestablish the restricted area (RA) located 4 nautical miles due south of Lands End in Newport, Rhode Island. The RA was established on August 31, 1987. The purpose of the RA was to establish a practice minefield for conducting mine detection and mine sweeping exercises. Use of the RA by the USN has been discontinued.......

2012-07-20

5

Homicide risk across race and class: a small-area analysis in Massachusetts and Rhode Island.  

PubMed

Areas with higher absolute poverty and higher income inequality have been associated with higher risk of homicide victimization. In addition, studies of differential homicide rates have indicated that black persons are at a higher risk of homicide compared to white persons. However, few studies directly compared risk of homicide offending or victimization between Hispanic persons and non-Hispanic white persons, and few studies have attempted to examine the interaction between race and residential neighborhood socioeconomic measures on homicide risk. This population-based retrospective study comprised all white, black, and Hispanic 15- to 44-year-old men included in the 1990 US Census as Rhode Island or Massachusetts residents. Vital statistics registries were linked to 1990 US Census data to provide information on small-area characteristics. Overall, we observed a trend of increasing homicide risk as block-group socioeconomic position descended. The data indicated that block-group poverty, female-headed households, home ownership, and higher education were all strongly associated with homicide risk after stratifying by race and age of victim and adjusting for other block-group socioeconomic characteristics. Race was a strong modifier for absolute risk difference for the relation between risk of homicide and socioeconomic surroundings. Our analyses suggested that area-based interventions that would improve neighborhood social and economic conditions would be effective in decreasing risk of homicide for men. PMID:15466850

Gjelsvik, Annie; Zierler, Sally; Blume, Jeffery

2004-12-01

6

Numerical simulation of groundwater and surface-water interactions in the Big River Management Area, central Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Rhode Island Water Resources Board is considering use of groundwater resources from the Big River Management Area in central Rhode Island because increasing water demands in Rhode Island may exceed the capacity of current sources. Previous water-resources investigations in this glacially derived, valley-fill aquifer system have focused primarily on the effects of potential groundwater-pumping scenarios on streamflow depletion; however, the effects of groundwater withdrawals on wetlands have not been assessed, and such assessments are a requirement of the State’s permitting process to develop a water supply in this area. A need for an assessment of the potential effects of pumping on wetlands in the Big River Management Area led to a cooperative agreement in 2008 between the Rhode Island Water Resources Board, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the University of Rhode Island. This partnership was formed with the goal of developing methods for characterizing wetland vegetation, soil type, and hydrologic conditions, and monitoring and modeling water levels for pre- and post-water-supply development to assess potential effects of groundwater withdrawals on wetlands. This report describes the hydrogeology of the area and the numerical simulations that were used to analyze the interaction between groundwater and surface water in response to simulated groundwater withdrawals. The results of this analysis suggest that, given the hydrogeologic conditions in the Big River Management Area, a standard 5-day aquifer test may not be sufficient to determine the effects of pumping on water levels in nearby wetlands. Model simulations showed water levels beneath Reynolds Swamp declined by about 0.1 foot after 5 days of continuous pumping, but continued to decline by an additional 4 to 6 feet as pumping times were increased from a 5-day simulation period to a simulation period representative of long-term average monthly conditions. This continued decline in water levels with increased pumping time is related to the shift from the primary source of water to the pumped wells being derived from aquifer storage during the early-time (5 days) simulation to being derived more from induced infiltration from the flooded portion of the Big River (southernmost extent of the Flat River Reservoir) during the months of March through October or from captured groundwater discharge to this portion of the Big River when the downstream Flat River Reservoir is drained for weed control during the months of November through February, as was the case for the long-term monthly conditions.

Masterson, John P.; Granato, Gregory E.

2013-01-01

7

Rhode Island Kids Count Factbook, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT databook is the eighth annual profile examining statewide trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children. The statistical portrait is based on 53 indicators (3 new indicators in this databook) in 5 areas: (1) family and community (including child population, children in single parent families, and racial and ethnic diversity);…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

8

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT databook is the seventh annual profile examining statewide trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children. The statistical portrait is based on 49 indicators (6 new indicators in this databook) in 5 areas: (1) family and community (including child population, children in single parent families, and racial and ethnic…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

9

Rhode Island Kids Count Factbook, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT databook is the sixth annual profile examining statewide trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children. The statistical portrait is based on 37 indicators in 5 areas: (1) family and community (covering child population and children in single-parent families); (2) economic well-being (covering median household income, cost of…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

10

Rhode Island Kids Count Factbook, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT databook is the fifth annual profile examining statewide trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children. The statistical portrait is based on 30 indicators in 5 areas: (1) family and community (covering child population and children in single-parent families); (2) economic well-being (covering median household income, cost of…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

11

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examined statewide trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children. Five chapters addressed the areas of: family and community; economic well-being; child health; safety; and education. The statistical portrait is based on 26 indicators of well-being: (1) children in single parent families; (2) median household income;…

Bryant, Elizabeth Burke, Ed.; And Others

12

Rhode Island Kids Count Factbook, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count databook is the seventh annual profile examining statewide trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children. The statistical portrait is based on 43 indicators in 5 areas: (1) family and community (including child population and children in single-parent families); (2) economic well-being (including median household income,…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

13

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT report examines statewide trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children. Five chapters address the areas of family and community, economic well-being, child health, safety, and education. The statistical portrait is based on 23 indicators of well-being: (1) children in single parent families; (2) median household income; (3)…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

14

Gl'italiani del Rhode Island (The Italians of Rhode Island). Ethnic Heritage Studies Program of Rhode Island, Appendix D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A reader on Italians in Rhode Island, which provides ethnic material for Italian language courses at level three of high school or at third semester of college, is presented. Contents are as follows: a history of the Italians in Rhode Island; a profile of the lives of some of the prominent members of the Italian community; and an anthology of…

Trivelli, Remo J.

15

Rhode Island Election Tickets: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhode Island was the first English colony in America to issue printed election ballots, with the first issued in the mid-1740s. This survey of Rhode Island election tickets, while not exhaustive, is representative of the use of tickets in elections spanning a period of over 150 years and documents state and local politics, political factions and election results from the

Russell J. DeSimone; Daniel C. Schofield

2007-01-01

16

Hydrologic, vegetation, and soil data collected in selected wetlands of the Big River Management area, Rhode Island, from 2008 through 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Rhode Island Water Resources Board planned to develop public water-supply wells in the Big River Management Area in Kent County, Rhode Island. Research in the United States and abroad indicates that groundwater withdrawal has the potential to affect wetland hydrology and related processes. In May 2008, the Rhode Island Water Resources Board, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the University of Rhode Island formed a partnership to establish baseline conditions at selected Big River wetland study sites and to develop an approach for monitoring potential impacts once pumping begins. In 2008 and 2009, baseline data were collected on the hydrology, vegetation, and soil characteristics at five forested wetland study sites in the Big River Management Area. Four of the sites were located in areas of potential drawdown associated with the projected withdrawals. The fifth site was located outside the area of projected drawdown and served as a control site. The data collected during this study are presented in this report.

Borenstein, Meredith S.; Golet, Francis C.; Armstrong, David S.; Breault, Robert F.; McCobb, Timothy D.; Weiskel, Peter K.

2012-01-01

17

Office of the Secretary of State: Rhode Island State Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Far more than a collection of basic government documents, the Rhode Island State Library website is a nice resource for anyone seeking to learn more about the Ocean State. The materials here are divided into three main sections: "Research Tools", "Publications", and "Everything RI". In "Research Tools", users will find executive orders issued by the governor, annual reports, as well as state regulations and rules. Moving on, the "Publications" area contains some colorful historical documents, including the Rhode Island Royal Charter of 1663 and the state constitution. Finally, the "Everything RI" area contains documents that narrate the state's history, such as "State Symbols", "Famous Rhode Islanders", "Rhode Island Landmarks", and "City & Town Incorporation Dates". Just for reference, some of the notable persons from the Ocean State include George M. Cohan, Anne Hutchinson, and baseball legend Nap Lajoie.

18

Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In preparing the present treatise and the accompanying geologic map of Massachusetts and Rhode Island (PI. X, in pocket) I have endeavored to use all the material available. The matter has been greatly condensed, for the detailed geology of a considerable part of the area will be described in a number of forthcoming folios of the Geologic Atlas of the United States. The Holyoke folio, published in 1898, covered the major part of the Triassic rocks in Massachusetts, but as those rocks have since been more thoroughly studied they are here treated in greater detail to bring their discussion up to date.

Emerson, Benjamin Kendall

1917-01-01

19

50 CFR 32.59 - Rhode Island.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM HUNTING AND FISHING Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing § 32.59 Rhode Island...following refuge units have been opened for hunting and/or fishing and are listed in...

2013-10-01

20

50 CFR 32.59 - Rhode Island.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM HUNTING AND FISHING Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing § 32.59 Rhode Island...following refuge units have been opened for hunting and/or fishing and are listed in...

2012-10-01

21

50 CFR 32.59 - Rhode Island.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM HUNTING AND FISHING Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing § 32.59 Rhode Island...following refuge units have been opened for hunting and/or fishing and are listed in...

2011-10-01

22

50 CFR 32.59 - Rhode Island.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM HUNTING AND FISHING Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing § 32.59 Rhode Island...following refuge units have been opened for hunting and/or fishing and are listed in...

2010-10-01

23

Children's Mental Health Services in Rhode Island. Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Rhode Island KIDS COUNT issue brief, one of a series presenting an in-depth look at issues affecting the health, safety, education, and economic well-being of children, focuses on children's mental health services in the state. The brief reports that mental health services for children in Rhode Island are fragmented, with inadequate capacity…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

24

Delineation and Prediction Uncertainty of Areas Contributing Recharge to Selected Well Fields in Wetland and Coastal Settings, Southern Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Areas contributing recharge to four well fields in two study sites in southern Rhode Island were delineated on the basis of steady-state groundwater-flow models representing average hydrologic conditions. The wells are screened in sand and gravel deposits in wetland and coastal settings. The groundwater-flow models were calibrated by inverse modeling using nonlinear regression. Summary statistics from nonlinear regression were used to evaluate the uncertainty associated with the predicted areas contributing recharge to the well fields. In South Kingstown, two United Water Rhode Island well fields are in Mink Brook watershed and near Worden Pond and extensive wetlands. Wetland deposits of peat near the well fields generally range in thickness from 5 to 8 feet. Analysis of water-level drawdowns in a piezometer screened beneath the peat during a 20-day pumping period indicated vertical leakage and a vertical hydraulic conductivity for the peat of roughly 0.01 ft/d. The simulated area contributing recharge for average withdrawals of 2,138 gallons per minute during 2003-07 extended to groundwater divides in mostly till and morainal deposits, and it encompassed 2.30 square miles. Most of a sand and gravel mining operation between the well fields was in the simulated contributing area. For the maximum pumping capacity (5,100 gallons per minute), the simulated area contributing recharge expanded to 5.54 square miles. The well fields intercepted most of the precipitation recharge in Mink Brook watershed and in an adjacent small watershed, and simulated streams ceased to flow. The simulated contributing area to the well fields included an area beneath Worden Pond and a remote, isolated area in upland till on the opposite side of Worden Pond from the well fields. About 12 percent of the pumped water was derived from Worden Pond. In Charlestown, the Central Beach Fire District and the East Beach Water Association well fields are on a small (0.85 square mile) peninsula in a coastal setting. The wells are screened in a coarse-grained, ice-proximal part of a morphosequence with saturated thicknesses generally less than 30 feet on the peninsula. The simulated area contributing recharge for the average withdrawal (16 gallons per minute) during 2003-07 was 0.018 square mile. The contributing area extended southwestward from the well fields to a simulated groundwater mound; it underlay part of a small nearby wetland, and it included isolated areas on the side of the wetland opposite the well fields. For the maximum pumping rate (230 gallons per minute), the simulated area contributing recharge (0.26 square mile) expanded in all directions; it included a till area on the peninsula, and it underlay part of a nearby pond. Because the well fields are screened in a thin aquifer, simulated groundwater traveltimes from recharge locations to the discharging wells were short: 94 percent of the traveltimes were 10 years or less, and the median traveltime was 1.3 years. Model-prediction uncertainty was evaluated using a Monte Carlo analysis; the parameter variance-covariance matrix from nonlinear regression was used to create parameter sets for the analysis. Important parameters for model prediction that could not be estimated by nonlinear regression were incorporated into the variance-covariance matrix. For the South Kingstown study site, observations provided enough information to constrain the uncertainty of these parameters within realistic ranges, but for the Charlestown study site, prior information on parameters was required. Thus, the uncertainty analysis for the South Kingstown study site was an outcome of calibrating the model to available observations, but the Charlestown study site was also dependent on information provided by the modeler. A water budget and model-fit statistical criteria were used to assess parameter sets so that prediction uncertainty was not overestimated. For the scenarios using maximum pumping rates at both study

Friesz, Paul J.

2010-01-01

25

The horse and deer flies (Diptera: Tabanidae) of Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Tabanidae of Rhode Island were surveyed using Rhode Island canopy traps placed at 20 locations in the state during the summers of 1999 and 2000. In total, 5,120 flies were collected, which included 55 species in the genera Chrysops, Hybomitra, Tabanus, Merycomyia, and Stonemyia. Distributional and ecological information is provided for each species in Rhode Island.

Bartlett, K.; Alm, S.R.; LeBrun, R.; Ginsberg, H.

2002-01-01

26

Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts area contingency plan, updated through change 4  

SciTech Connect

Change 4 updates the Area Contingency Plan, which describes the strategy for a coordinated Federal, State, and Local response to a discharge of oil or a release of a hazardous substance from a vessel, offshore facility, or onshore facility operating within the boundaries of the area of responsibility for Captain of the Port, Providence.

NONE

1998-03-27

27

MERCURY IN MINK IN RHODE ISLAND  

EPA Science Inventory

Tissues of mink (Mustela vison) collected from Rhode Island sites during winters of 1999-2002 were analyzed for mercury and stable isotopes of nitrogen and carbon to determine the extent of Hg contamination in these aquatic dependent wildlife, and to evaluate whether stable isoto...

28

University of Rhode Island Transportation Center  

E-print Network

. Human Resources: an increased number of students, faculty and staff who are attracted2002 University of Rhode Island Transportation Center Annual Report 2002 #12;#12;Education: a multi: students, faculty and staff who workforce and are substantively involved in the undergraduate, graduate

Rhode Island, University of

29

University of Rhode Island inAdvance November 9, 2006  

E-print Network

, mark your calendars Our 2007 Young Alumni Weekend will be held February 16- 18, 2007. Among, offered by Rhode Island casts overwhelming yes vote for new College of Pharmacy Thirty-eight of Rhode, it was apparent that the people of Rhode Island recognized the quality of the programs offered by the University

Rhode Island, University of

30

Healthy Mothers, Healthy Infants: Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities. Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count issue brief details the strides made in Rhode Island over the last 10 years to improve maternal and child health, focusing on efforts to reduce racial and ethnic disparities. The brief notes that Rhode Island has made significant progress in several areas of maternal and infant care, most notably in access to insurance and early…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

31

Asbestos hazard evaluation in Rhode Island schools.  

PubMed Central

A statewide survey to identify and abate spray-on asbestos hazards in schools has been conducted in Rhode Island. Of 326 target schools, 24 (8 per cent) contained material confirmed in the laboratory to be spray-on asbestos. Overt hazards requiring major corrective measures were found in 4 (1 per cent) of the target schools. Simplified identification and reporting procedures allowed for the efficient conduct of the survey. PMID:7352611

Faich, G A

1980-01-01

32

Results for Rhode Island's Children: Progress and Challenges. A Report by Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Based on the Goals of the Rhode Island Children's Cabinet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines trends in the well-being of Rhode Island's children, highlighting progress made in reaching the goals for children set by the Rhode Island Children's Cabinet in 1997 and discussing the remaining challenges. This statistical portrait is based on trends in 24 indicators of child well being: (1) prenatal care; (2)…

Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence.

33

75 FR 18394 - Cranberries Grown in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cranberries Grown in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New...cranberries produced in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New...cranberries produced in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut,...

2010-04-12

34

75 FR 20514 - Cranberries Grown in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cranberries Grown in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New...cranberries grown in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New...of cranberries produced in States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut,...

2010-04-20

35

33 CFR 165.121 - Safety and Security Zones: High Interest Vessels, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island.  

...Interest Vessels, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. 165.121 Section 165.121 Navigation...Interest Vessels, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. (a) Location. (1) All waters of Rhode Island Sound within a 1/2 mile radius of...

2014-07-01

36

40 CFR 52.2081 - EPA-approved EPA Rhode Island State regulations.  

...2014-07-01 false EPA-approved EPA Rhode Island State regulations. 52.2081 Section...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Rhode Island § 52.2081 EPA-approved EPA Rhode Island State regulations. The following...

2014-07-01

37

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Narragansett, Rhode Island, the Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) of URI offers instruction leading to the M.S. and the Ph.D. degrees in biological, chemical, physical, and geological oceanography as well as in interdisciplinary and related areas such as atmospheric chemistry. Site includes information on graduate programs, undergraduate opportunities, faculty, facilities, news, and publications. Outreach initiatives are numerous and are targeted at a wide audience.

38

University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 19 , 2008  

E-print Network

and draw their regular Navy salary," said David Smith, associate dean of the URI Graduate School of this year's Rick Ligi Team MVP Award. More... URI SMILE program founder named one of Rhode Island's Women "Women of the Year" by the Rhode Island Commission on Women. Englander was recognized as a result of her

Rhode Island, University of

39

One million served: Rhode Island`s recycling facility  

SciTech Connect

Rhode Island`s landfill and adjacent materials recovery facility (MRF) in Johnston, both owned by the quasi-public Rhode Island Resource Recovery Corp. (RIRRC, Johnston), serve the entire state. The $12-million recycling facility was built in 1989 next to the state`s sole landfill, the Central Landfill, which accepts only in-state trash. The MRF is operated for RIRRC by New England CRInc. (Hampton, N.H.), a unit of Waste Management, Inc. (WMI, Oak Brook, Ill.). It handles a wide variety of materials, from the usual newspaper, cardboard, and mixed containers to new streams such as wood waste, scrap metal, aseptic packaging (milk and juice boxes), and even textiles. State municipalities are in the process of adding many of these new recyclable streams into their curbside collection programs, all of which feed the facility.

Malloy, M.G.

1997-11-01

40

Perspectives on Advertising Education: Curricula, Research--Descriptive, Research--Experimental, Industry/Educators' Cooperation, Special Interest Areas, and Instruction; Proceedings of the 1974 National Conference for University Professors of Advertising at the Univ. of Rhode Island.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains all of the presentations given at the 1974 National American Academy of Advertising Conference in Newport, Rhode Island. The theme of the conference was "Perspectives on Advertising" and the areas of focus were curricula and instruction, descriptive and experimental research, cooperation between educators and the advertising…

Zeigler, Sherilyn K., Ed.

41

Museum of Art-Rhode Island School of Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Museum of Art at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) is the largest art museum in Rhode Island, and one of the largest in the United States. Founded in 1893, the Museum's collection, like its parent organization RISD, reflects the fact that after the Civil War Rhode Island was the most industrialized state in the country. As stated on the Museum's website, the region's prosperity was based on the manufacture of goods from silverware to steam engines, resulting in a desire to better educate the population in industrial design and fine art. Today, the Museum's collection consists of over 84,000 objects, with particular strengths in costume and textiles, 19th century American decorative arts, and photography. The Museum is also the home of the Aaron Siskind Center for the Study of Photography. On the website visitors can browse collection areas, explore the Grand Gallery, "A salon-style picture gallery displaying European paintings from the Renaissance through the early 19th century", listen to curators, and read about current exhibitions.

42

3. View northeast showing Kenyon Arch Bridge (Rhode Island Bridge ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View northeast showing Kenyon Arch Bridge (Rhode Island Bridge No. 148) over Pawcatuck River (foreground) and portion of Kenyon Industries mill complex (background). - Kenyon Village, Kenyon School Road, Sherman Avenue, & Lewiston Avenue, Richmond (historical), Providence County, RI

43

University of Rhode Island inAdvance August 4, 2005  

E-print Network

. William & Mary football game, and attend the official grand opening of the Alumni Center. Online,000 federal grant to prepare nurse practitioners as gerontological specialists. Rhode Island ranks sixth

Rhode Island, University of

44

University of Rhode Island inAdvance February 1, 2007  

E-print Network

, and sees more than 650 patients per month. Lt. Eddy earned her master's degree as a nurse practitioner from, the University of Rhode Island's first fraternity, now known as Chi Phi, recently broke ground for a new chapter

Rhode Island, University of

45

Equations for Estimating Selected Streamflow Statistics in Rhode Island.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Regional regression equations were developed for estimating selected naturalunaffected by alterationstreamflows of specific flow durations and low-flow frequency statistics for ungaged stream sites in Rhode Island. Selected at-site streamflow statistics a...

A. M. Waite, G. C. Bent, P. A. Steeves

2014-01-01

46

University of Rhode Island inAdvance April 10, 2008  

E-print Network

with the 2008 Eleanor M. McMahon Award for Lifetime Achievement. The award is named for the late Rhode Island for President Franklin D. Roosevelt, he was responsible for getting FDR's messages out to the press, employing

Rhode Island, University of

47

77 FR 69915 - Rhode Island Disaster Number RI-00011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of Rhode Island (FEMA-4089-DR), dated 11/03/2012. Incident: Hurricane Sandy. Incident Period: 10/26/2012 through...

2012-11-21

48

77 FR 67857 - Rhode Island Disaster #RI-00011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of Rhode Island (FEMA-4089-DR), dated 11/03/2012. Incident: Hurricane Sandy. Incident Period: 10/26/2012 through...

2012-11-14

49

Combined multibeam and bathymetry data from Rhode Island Sound and Block Island Sound: a regional perspective  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Detailed bathymetric maps of the sea floor in Rhode Island and Block Island Sounds are of great interest to the New York, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts research and management communities because of this area's ecological, recreational, and commercial importance. Geologically interpreted digital terrain models from individual surveys provide important benthic environmental information, yet many applications of this information require a geographically broader perspective. For example, individual surveys are of limited use for the planning and construction of cross-sound infrastructure, such as cables and pipelines, or for the testing of regional circulation models. To address this need, we integrated 14 contiguous multibeam bathymetric datasets that were produced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration during charting operations into one digital terrain model that covers much of Block Island Sound and extends eastward across Rhode Island Sound. The new dataset, which covers over 1244 square kilometers, is adjusted to mean lower low water, gridded to 4-meter resolution, and provided in Universal Transverse Mercator Zone 19, North American Datum of 1983 and geographic World Geodetic Survey of 1984 projections. This resolution is adequate for sea-floor feature and process interpretation but is small enough to be queried and manipulated with standard Geographic Information System programs and to allow for future growth. Natural features visible in the data include boulder lag deposits of winnowed Pleistocene strata, sand-wave fields, and scour depressions that reflect the strength of oscillating tidal currents and scour by storm-induced waves. Bedform asymmetry allows interpretations of net sediment transport. Anthropogenic features visible in the data include shipwrecks and dredged channels. Together the merged data reveal a larger, more continuous perspective of bathymetric topography than previously available, providing a fundamental framework for research and resource management activities offshore of Rhode Island.

Poppe, Lawrence J.; McMullen, Katherine Y.; Danforth, William W.; Blankenship, Mark R.; Clos, Andrew R.; Glomb, Kimberly A.; Lewit, Peter G.; Nadeau, Megan A.; Wood, Douglas A.; Parker, Castleton E.

2014-01-01

50

University of Rhode Island inAdvance August 3, 2006  

E-print Network

Sox vs. Scranton Red Barons game at 7:05 p.m. Be there! Annual giving numbers going up The Fund for URI Island Babesiosis, caused by a malaria-like parasite that infects red blood cells, is on the rise Thomas Mather, about 12 percent of the deer ticks in southern Rhode Island are infected

Rhode Island, University of

51

Effects of alternative instream-flow criteria and water-supply demands on ground-water development options in the Big River Area, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Transient numerical ground-water-flow simulation and optimization techniques were used to evaluate potential effects of instream-flow criteria and water-supply demands on ground-water development options and resultant streamflow depletions in the Big River Area, Rhode Island. The 35.7 square-mile (mi2) study area includes three river basins, the Big River Basin (30.9 mi2), the Carr River Basin (which drains to the Big River Basin and is 7.33 mi2 in area), the Mishnock River Basin (3.32 mi2), and a small area that drains directly to the Flat River Reservoir. The overall objective of the simulations was to determine the amount of ground water that could be withdrawn from the three basins when constrained by streamflow requirements at four locations in the study area and by maximum rates of withdrawal at 13 existing and hypothetical well sites. The instream-flow requirement for the outlet of each basin and the outfall of Lake Mishnock were the primary variables that limited the amount of ground water that could be withdrawn. A requirement to meet seasonal ground-water-demand patterns also limits the amount of ground water that could be withdrawn by up to about 50 percent of the total withdrawals without the demand-pattern constraint. Minimum water-supply demands from a public water supplier in the Mishnock River Basin, however, did not have a substantial effect on withdrawals in the Big River Basin. Hypothetical dry-period instream-flow requirements and the effects of artificial recharge also affected the amount of ground water that could be withdrawn. Results of simulations indicate that annual average ground-water withdrawal rates that range up to 16 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) can be withdrawn from the study area under simulated average hydrologic conditions depending on instream-flow criteria and water-supply demand patterns. Annual average withdrawals of 10 to 12 Mgal/d are possible for proposed demands of 3.4 Mgal/d in the Mishnock Basin, and for a constant annual instream-flow criterion of 0.5 cubic foot per second per square mile (ft3/s/mi2) at the four streamflow-constraint locations. An average withdrawal rate of 10 Mgal/d can meet estimates of future (2020) water-supply needs of surrounding communities in Rhode Island. This withdrawal rate represents about 13 percent of the average 2002 daily withdrawal from the Scituate Reservoir (76 Mgal/d), the State?s largest water supply. Average annual withdrawal rates of 6 to 7 Mgal/d are possible for more stringent instream-flow criteria that might be used during dry-period hydrologic conditions. Two example scenarios of dry-period instream-flow constraints were evaluated: first, a minimum instream flow of 0.1 cubic foot per second at any of the four constraint locations; and second, a minimum instream flow of 10 percent of the minimum monthly streamflow estimate for each streamflow-constraint location during the period 1961?2000. The State of Rhode Island is currently (2004) considering methods for establishing instream-flow criteria for streams within the State. Twelve alternative annual, seasonal, or monthly instream-flow criteria that have been or are being considered for application in southeastern New England were used as hypothetical constraints on maximum ground-water-withdrawal rates in management-model calculations. Maximum ground-water-withdrawal rates ranged from 5 to 16 Mgal/d under five alternative annual instream-flow criteria. Maximum ground-water-withdrawal rates ranged from 0 to 13.6 Mgal/d under seven alternative seasonal or monthly instream-flow criteria. The effect of ground-water withdrawals on seasonal variations in monthly average streamflows under each criterion also were compared. Evaluation of management-model results indicates that a single annual instream-flowcriterion may be sufficient to preserve seasonal variations in monthly average streamflows and meet water-supply demands in the Big River Area, because withdrawals from wells in the Big

Granato, Gregory E.; Barlow, Paul M.

2005-01-01

52

The Rhode Island state house--the competition (1890-1892)  

E-print Network

This is a study of the design competition for the new State House in Providence, Rhode Island, which began in 1890 and ended in 1892. The competition was supervised by the Rhode Island State House Commission, a body formed ...

Lewis, Hilary A. (Hilary Ann)

1988-01-01

53

Evaluating prediction uncertainty of areas contributing recharge to well fields of multiple water suppliers in the Hunt-Annaquatucket-Pettaquamscutt River Basins, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three river basins in central Rhode Island-the Hunt River, the Annaquatucket River, and the Pettaquamscutt River-contain 15 production wells clustered in 4 pumping centers from which drinking water is withdrawn. These high-capacity production wells, operated by three water suppliers, are screened in coarse-grained deposits of glacial origin. The risk of contaminating water withdrawn by these well centers may be reduced if the areas contributing recharge to the well centers are delineated and these areas protected from land uses that may affect the water quality. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Rhode Island Department of Health, began an investigation in 2009 to improve the understanding of groundwater flow and delineate areas contributing recharge to the well centers as part of an effort to protect the source of water to these well centers. A groundwater-flow model was calibrated by inverse modeling using nonlinear regression to obtain the optimal set of parameter values, which provide a single, best representation of the area contributing recharge to a well center. Summary statistics from the calibrated model were used to evaluate the uncertainty associated with the predicted areas contributing recharge to the well centers. This uncertainty analysis was done so that the contributing areas to the well centers would not be underestimated, thereby leaving the well centers inadequately protected. The analysis led to contributing areas expressed as a probability distribution (probabilistic contributing areas) that differ from a single or deterministic contributing area. Groundwater flow was simulated in the surficial deposits and the underlying bedrock in the 47-square-mile study area. Observations (165 groundwater levels and 7 base flows) provided sufficient information to estimate parameters representing recharge and horizontal hydraulic conductivity of the glacial deposits and hydraulic conductance of streambeds. The calibrated value for recharge to valley-fill deposits was 27.3 inches per year (in/yr) and to upland till deposits was 18.7 in/yr. Calibrated values for horizontal hydraulic conductivity of the valley-fill deposits ranged from 20 to 480 feet per day (ft/d) and of the upland till deposits was 16.2 ft/d. Calibrated values of streambed hydraulic conductance ranged from 10,000 to 52,000 feet squared per day. Values of recharge and horizontal hydraulic conductivity of the valley-fill deposits were the most precisely estimated, whereas the horizontal hydraulic conductivity of till deposits was the least precisely estimated. Simulated areas contributing recharge to the well centers on the basis of the calibrated model ranged from 0.19 to 1.12 square miles (mi2) and covered a total area of 2.79 mi2 for average well center withdrawal rates during 2004-08 (235 to 1,858 gallons per minute (gal/min)). Simulated areas contributing recharge for the maximum well center pumping capacities (800 to 8,500 gal/min) ranged from 0.37 to 3.53 mi2 and covered a total area of 7.99 mi2 in the modeled area. Simulated areas contributing recharge extend upgradient of the well centers to upland till and to groundwater divides. Some areas contributing recharge include small, isolated areas remote from the well centers. Relatively short groundwater traveltimes from recharging locations to discharging wells indicated the wells are vulnerable to contamination from land-surface activities: median traveltimes ranged from 2.9 to 5.0 years for the well centers, and 78 to 93 percent of the traveltimes were 10 years or less for the well centers. Land cover in the areas contributing recharge includes a substantial amount of urban land use for the two well centers in the Hunt River Basin, agriculture and sand and gravel mining uses for the well center in the Annaquatucket River Basin, and, for the well center in the Pettaquamscutt River Basin, land use is primarily undeveloped. Model-prediction uncertainty was evaluated using a Monte Carlo analysis. The parameter variance-covariance matrix from nonlinear regression was used to cre

Friesz, Paul J.

2012-01-01

54

RhodeIsland Yes, Mr. Cilley, the recruiting activities you mention below do not  

E-print Network

these activities or are representatives who come to Rhode Island to recruit athletes under NCAA guidelines. Since of Governors regulations. Deanna Velletri Rhode Island Office of Higher Education Academic and Student who either come to Rhode Island to participate in college fairs, to meet with students in high schools

New Hampshire, University of

55

Legal obstacles and incentives to the development of small-scale hydroelectric power in Rhode Island  

SciTech Connect

The legal and institutional obstacles to the development of small-scale hydroelectric energy at the state level are discussed. The Federal government also exercises extensive regulatory authority in the area, and the dual regulatory system from the standpoint of the appropriate legal doctrine, the law of pre-emption, application of the law to the case of hydroelectric development, and an inquiry into the practical use of the doctrine by the FERC is examined. In Rhode Island, any private rights in the flowing waters of a river or stream depend upon ownership of the abutting land. It appears Rhode Island follows the reasonable use theory of riparian law. The Department of Environmental Management is the most significant administrative agency with regard to dam construction, alteration, and operation in the state of Rhode Island.

None,

1980-05-01

56

Environmental management of mosquito-borne viruses in Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus (EEEV) are both primarily bird viruses, which can be transmitted by several mosquito species. Differences in larval habitats, flight, and biting patterns of the primary vector species result in substantial differences in epidemiology, with WNV more common, primarily occurring in urban areas, and EEEV relatively rare, typically occurring near swamp habitats. The complex transmission ecology of these viruses complicates prediction of disease outbreaks. The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (DEM) and Department of Health (DoH) provide prevention assistance to towns and maintain a mosquito surveillance program to identify potential disease risk. Responses to potential outbreaks follow a protocol based on surveillance results, assessment of human risk, and technical consultation.

Ginsberg, Howard S.; Gettman, Alan; Becker, Elisabeth; Bandyopadhyay, Ananda S.; LeBrun, Roger A.

2013-01-01

57

University of Rhode Island inAdvance July 7, 2005  

E-print Network

for the new URI Alumni Center at 73 Upper College Road in Kingston on Saturday, September 17, 3:30 p, and Rhody fun, sponsored by the Alumni Association and Rhode Island Rams Athletic Association. The BBQ by the Department of Health and managed by URI. It will focus on behavior change related to stress, physical

Rhode Island, University of

58

University of Rhode Island inAdvance January 19, 2006  

E-print Network

trafficking, exploitation, and violence against women and children, Donna Hughes, the Eleanor M. and Oscar M of new law to crack down on human trafficking After years of working on issues related to human. Carlson Endowed Chair in Women's Studies at the University of Rhode Island, recently attended a White

Rhode Island, University of

59

Ted Sizer's Opening Remarks, Fall Forum 2000, Providence, Rhode Island  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents Ted Sizer's opening remarks during the Fall Forum in 2000 at Providence, Rhode Island. In his opening remarks, Sizer reviews what the Coalition of Essential Schools (CES) is, and what it is not. CES, he contends, is not a fixed school design but rather, a set of ideas, ideas and conditions and convictions, called principles,…

Sizer, Theodore

2009-01-01

60

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND 2010-2012 STUDENT HANDBOOK  

E-print Network

2.38 University of Rhode Island Resources for 30 Substance Abuse Prevention 2.39 Off-Campus Resources for Substance Abuse 30 Prevention 3. Respect for University Property & Property of Others 31 3 has the same high expectations of students' off campus activity. Off-campus conduct may also

Rhode Island, University of

61

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND 2012-2014 STUDENT HANDBOOK  

E-print Network

of Alcohol 29 and Other Drugs 2.38 University of Rhode Island Resources for 30 Substance Abuse Prevention 2.39 Off-Campus Resources for Substance Abuse 31 Prevention 3. Respect for University Property & Property has the same high expectations of students' off campus activity. Off-campus conduct may also

Rhode Island, University of

62

Dance Proficiency in Rhode Island: Opportunities and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhode Island has recently mandated a new kind of arts requirement for high school graduation that involves proving proficiency in one of four art forms: music, visual art, theater, or dance. How the state came to mandate this law, how proficiency is currently defined and assessed in dance, and what effects the cuts in arts education funding will…

Oliver, Wendy; Sprague, Marty

2007-01-01

63

University of Rhode Island inAdvance December 6, 2007  

E-print Network

and purchase a one- or two-day lift ticket at a discounted rate. This spectacular weekend is selling out fast-story Roger Williams Dining Hall, located in the heart of the the residential life community, will undergo of diatoms. More... Anonymous donor pledges $1 Million to URI Athletics The University of Rhode Island

Rhode Island, University of

64

The Rhode Island Medical Marijuana Program: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

On January 3, 2006, the Rhode Island General Assembly enacted legislation that mandated the Department of Health (DOH) to implement a program to register qualified patients and their caregivers to allow possession and cultivation of limited amounts of marijuana for personal use for statutorily defined illnesses and debilitating conditions. This exploratory program evaluation used the Conceptual Model of Nursing and

Charles R. Alexandre

2010-01-01

65

University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 23, 2005  

E-print Network

Association and Rhode Island Rams Athletic Association. Register online today! Ram Fund rolls along in fourth Arijit Bose, professor of chemical engineering and chair of the department. More... Social service between the center and a group of URI MBA students, the concept is now becoming a reality, one of five

Rhode Island, University of

66

University of Rhode Island University College and General Education Committee  

E-print Network

attention on rising tuition, high levels of college debt, and low graduation rates. Internal factors includeUniversity of Rhode Island University College and General Education Committee Report and Recommendations January, 2014 #12;1. Introduction The University College and General Education (UCGE) committee

Rhode Island, University of

67

University of Rhode Island Adapted Aquatics Program Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is presented of the aquatics course, adapted for persons with disabilities, at the University of Rhode Island. A description of the course includes information on course requirements, objectives, content and learning activities, assignments, modules used in the course, and a course syllabus. A description of the course organization and…

Scraba, Paula J.; Bloomquist, Lorraine E.

68

University of Rhode Island How to Get Mathematica  

E-print Network

University of Rhode Island How to Get Mathematica Computer labs If you would like to set Mathematica up in a computer lab, please contact Mark Oliver for more information. Mathematica can Activation Key at prompt Are you interested in putting Mathematica elsewhere? Please let Mark Oliver or Mike

Rhode Island, University of

69

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 30, 2006  

E-print Network

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 30, 2006 Volume 3, Issue 7 Calling all golfers Don. Enjoy a great day on the links and support URI student scholarships. Register online today! Learn how. Application deadline: June 9, 2006. Retired professor recalls the night before D-Day and beyond He remembers

Rhode Island, University of

70

Rhode Island Tech Prep Business & Industry Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides educators with information about developing partnerships with businesses. It begins with a rationale for forging education-business relationships and highlights benefits to all parties--educators, businesses, and students. The Rhode Island Tech Prep Associate Degree Program is cited as an example of how to create win-win…

Community Coll. of Rhode Island, Warwick.

71

Wind Turbine Project at the University of Rhode Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Fall of 2003, an initiative to develop and install a wind turbine on the University of Rhode Islands Kingston Campus was proposed by an undergraduate student, Courtney Blodgett. To spearhead this initiative, the Renewable Energy Club (REC) was created and recognized by the Student Senate, and support was received by the URI Offices of the President and Provost.

Auriane Koster

2006-01-01

72

University of Rhode Island Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering  

E-print Network

University of Rhode Island Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kelley Hall 4 East Alumni exhibiting large IPC (Instructions Per Cycle) with realistic hardware constraints, scalability and little increase in cycle time. The Levo core exhibits IPC's greater than 10 on such complex SPECInt benchmarks

Uht, Augustus K.

73

University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 9, 2005  

E-print Network

. More... Congratulations to the URI baseball team on its first NCAA Tournament appearance The University of Rhode Island baseball team, just back from its first-ever NCAA Tournament appearance, was honored championship, advancing to the school's first NCAA Baseball Tournament. They were eliminated from

Rhode Island, University of

74

78 FR 4967 - Rhode Island Disaster #RI-00010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Rhode Island (FEMA-4089-DR), dated 11/ 14/2012. Incident: Hurricane Sandy. Incident Period: 10/26/2012 through 10/31/2012. Effective Date: 01/14/2013. Physical Loan...

2013-01-23

75

77 FR 70203 - Rhode Island Disaster #RI-00010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Rhode Island (FEMA-4089-DR), dated 11/14/ 2012. Incident: Hurricane Sandy. Incident Period: 10/26/2012 through 10/31/2012. Effective Date: 11/14/2012. Physical Loan...

2012-11-23

76

Accommodations and the Performance of All Students on Rhode Island's Performance Assessment. State Assessment Series, Rhode Island Report 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides analysis and discussion of the 1996 Rhode Island State Assessment Program performance for grade 4 in mathematics, writing, and health education. It addresses the effects of accommodations and the inclusion of all students in these state assessments, examining some of the characteristics of tests administered to students with…

Elliott, Judy; Bielinski, John; Thurlow, Martha; DeVito, Pat; Hedlund, Ellen

77

33 CFR 334.78 - Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south of Lands End in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south of...AREA REGULATIONS § 334.78 Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south...

2011-07-01

78

33 CFR 334.78 - Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south of Lands End in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south of...AREA REGULATIONS § 334.78 Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south...

2010-07-01

79

33 CFR 334.78 - Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south of Lands End in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south of...AREA REGULATIONS § 334.78 Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean, approximately 4.0 nautical miles due south...

2012-07-01

80

Equations for estimating selected streamflow statistics in Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Regional regression equations were developed for estimating selected natural—unaffected by alteration—streamflows of specific flow durations and low-flow frequency statistics for ungaged stream sites in Rhode Island. Selected at-site streamflow statistics are provided for 41 long-term streamgages, 21 short-term streamgages, and 135 partial-record stations in Rhode Island, eastern Connecticut, and southeastern and south-central Massachusetts. The regression equations for estimating selected streamflow statistics and the at-site statistics estimated for each of the 197 sites may be used by Federal, State, and local water managers in addressing water issues in and near Rhode Island. Multiple and simple linear regression equations were developed to estimate the 99-, 98-, 95-, 90-, 85-, 80-, 75-, 70-, 60-, 50-, 40-, 30-, 25-, 20-, 15-, 10-, 5-, 2-, and 1-percent flow durations and the 7Q2 (7-day, 2-year) and 7Q10 (7-day, 10-year) low-flow-frequency statistics. An additional 49 selected statistics, for which regression equations were not developed, also were estimated for the long- and short-term streamgages and partial-record stations for flow durations between the 99.99 and 0.01 percent and for the mean annual, mean monthly, and median monthly streamflows. A total of 70 selected streamflow statistics were estimated for 41 long-term streamgages, 21 short-term streamgages, and 135 partial-record stations in and near Rhode Island. Estimates of the long-term streamflow statistics for the 21 short-term streamgages and 135 partial-record stations were developed by the Maintenance of Variance Extension, type 1 (MOVE.1), record-extension technique. The equations used to estimate selected streamflow statistics were developed by relating the 19 flow-duration and 2 low-flow-frequency statistics to 31 different basin characteristics (physical, land-cover, and climatic) at the 41 long-term and 19 of 21 short-term streamgages (a total of 60 streamgages) in and near Rhode Island. The 135 partial-record stations were not used in the regression analyses. The regression analyses were done by using a user-weighted least-squares technique in the weighted-multiple-linear regression program for the 90- to 1-percent flow-duration statistics. For the 99-, 98-, and 95-percent flow durations and the 7Q2 and 7Q10 statistics, left-censored regression analyses were used to account for zero flows at a few streamgages. The regression analyses determined that two basin characteristics—drainage area and stream density—were the only significant explanatory variables for 16 of the 19 flow-duration and the 2 low-flow regression equations. For the 10-, 15-, and 20-percent flow-duration regression equations, drainage area was the only significant explanatory variable. The standard error of the estimate for the 21 regression equations ranged from 17.58 to 141.83 percent. The 99- to 85-percent flow durations and the low-flow statistics 7Q2 and 7Q10 had the highest standard errors of the estimate, ranging from 48.68 to 141.83 percent. The standard error of the estimate for the medium- to high-flow statistics—the 80- to 1-percent flow durations—ranged from 17.58 to 37.65 percent, with the standard errors for the 60- to 1-percent flow durations all being less than about 21 percent. Data also are provided to allow the user to calculate the 90-percent prediction intervals for the 21 streamflow statistics. The equations, which are based on data from streams with little to no flow alterations, will provide an estimate of the natural flows for a selected site. They will not estimate flows for altered sites with dams, surface-water withdrawals, groundwater withdrawals (pumping wells), diversions, and wastewater discharges. If the equations are used to estimate streamflow statistics for altered sites, the user should adjust the flow estimates for the alterations. The regression equations should be used only for ungaged sites with drainage areas between 0.52 and 294 square miles and stream densities between 0.94 and 3.49 miles per square mile; these are the range

Bent, Gardner C.; Steeves, Peter A.; Waite, Andrew M.

2014-01-01

81

Agreement between Rhode Island Board of Governors and University of Rhode Island Chapter American Association of University Professors, July 1, 1985-June 30, 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collective bargaining agreement between the Rhode Island Board of Governors and the University of Rhode Island Chapter of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) covering the period July 1, 1985-June 30, 1987 is presented. Items covered in the agreement are: unit recognition, management rights, nondiscrimination, the…

Rhode Island Univ., Kingston.

82

Radio control of water heaters in Rhode Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

A VHF-FM radio communication system was used to control the lower heating elements of 100 residential customers in Rhode Island. The hours of control were 1:00 to 5:00 p.m. during weekdays from June through September of 1987. Topics discussed include sample selection, pre-experiment testing, equipment performance and analysis of results. The diversified demand reduction attributable to control in the summer

J. J. Bzura

1989-01-01

83

Enterprise GIS System Architecture Prepared for: State of Rhode Island  

E-print Network

Enterprise GIS System Architecture Prepared for: State of Rhode Island Date: 9/26/2011 Prepared byEdit, ArcEditor, ArcEurope, ArcExplorer, ArcExpress, ArcGIS, ArcGlobe, ArcGrid, ArcIMS, ARC/INFO, ArcInfo, ArcInfo Librarian, ArcInfo--Professional GIS, ArcInfo--The World's GIS, ArcLessons, ArcLocation, Arc

Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

84

Freshwater Wetland dynamics in South Kingstown, Rhode Island, 1939 1972  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extent and causes of changes in the fresh-water wetlands of South Kingstown, Rhode Island were determined through field work and through the analysis of panchromatic aerial photographs taken in 1939 and 1972. During this period, there was a net loss of 0.9 percent of the total area (2345.2 ha) of wetland present in 1939. Highway construction and residential development accounted for most of this loss. Approximately 17 percent of the wetland present in 1939 had changed sufficiently by 1972 to warrant reclassification. Plant succession alone accounted for 57 percent of the changes in wetland types, while man's activities were influential in 41 percent of the cases. Ninety-two percent of the natural changes in wetland types was progressive, while 58 percent of the changes induced by man and undetermined causes was retrogressive. Man's major role was to alter the water regimes and vegetation of wetlands. There was a decrease in wetland diversity as the most abundant type, wooded swamp, grew in area while the abundance of shallow marshes, meadows, and shrub swamps declined. A knowledge of wetland dynamics is essential in the management of wetlands for a diversity of wildlife and other natural values.

Golet, Francis C.; Parkhurst, James A.

1981-05-01

85

Balancing Ground-Water Withdrawals and Streamflow in the Hunt-Annaquatucket-Pettaquamscutt Basin, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ground water withdrawn for water supply reduces streamflow in the Hunt-Annaquatucket-Pettaquamscutt Basin in Rhode Island. These reductions may adversely affect aquatic habitats. A hydrologic model was prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Rhode Island Water Resources Board, Town of North Kingstown, Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, and Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation to aid water-resource planning in the basin. Results of the model provide information that helps water suppliers and natural-resource managers evaluate strategies for balancing ground-water development and streamflow reductions in the basin.

Barlow, Paul M.; Dickerman, David C.

2001-01-01

86

Generalized water-table map of Block Island, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The map shows the altitude of water table surface above seal level in the glacial deposits that form Block Island. Because the sediments are only moderately permeable, the water table is close to the to the surface in most parts of the island, even in hilly areas. The map represents a generalized water-table configuration on the basis of data from many different sampling periods; because the data were collected at different times, they should not be used to determine a specific depth to water at a particular site. Water levels measured in 117 shallow wells (less than 35 feet deep) from June through September 1962 and from March through September 1988-90--periods when water levels were at about the same altitude above sea level--ranged from less than 1 to 24 feet below land surface and averaged about 6 feet below land surface.

Johnston, H.E.; Veeger, A.I.

1994-01-01

87

Eutrophication and management initiatives for the control of nutrient inputs to Rhode Island coastal lagoons  

Microsoft Academic Search

An assessment of developing eutrophic conditions in small temperate lagoons along the coast of Rhode Island suggests that\\u000a in such shallow, macrophyte based systems the response to nutrient enrichment differs from that described for plankton based\\u000a systems. The nitrogen loadings per unit area of the salt ponds are 240–770 mmol N per m2 per year. Instead of the high nutrient

Virginia Lee; Stephen Olsen

1985-01-01

88

A Precipitation-Runoff Model for the Blackstone River Basin, Massachusetts and Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A Hydrological Simulation Program-FORTRAN (HSPF) precipitation-runoff model of the Blackstone River Basin was developed and calibrated to study the effects of changing land- and water-use patterns on water resources. The 474.5 mi2 Blackstone River Basin in southeastern Massachusetts and northern Rhode Island is experiencing rapid population and commercial growth throughout much of its area. This growth and the corresponding changes in land-use patterns are increasing stress on water resources and raising concerns about the future availability of water to meet residential and commercial needs. Increased withdrawals and wastewater-return flows also could adversely affect aquatic habitat, water quality, and the recreational value of the streams in the basin. The Blackstone River Basin was represented by 19 hydrologic response units (HRUs): 17 types of pervious areas (PERLNDs) established from combinations of surficial geology, land-use categories, and the distribution of public water and public sewer systems, and two types of impervious areas (IMPLNDs). Wetlands were combined with open water and simulated as stream reaches that receive runoff from surrounding pervious and impervious areas. This approach was taken to achieve greater flexibility in calibrating evapotranspiration losses from wetlands during the growing season. The basin was segmented into 50 reaches (RCHRES) to represent junctions at tributaries, major lakes and reservoirs, and drainage areas to streamflow-gaging stations. Climatological, streamflow, water-withdrawal, and wastewater-return data were collected during the study to develop the HSPF model. Climatological data collected at Worcester Regional Airport in Worcester, Massachusetts and T.F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, were used for model calibration. A total of 15 streamflow-gaging stations were used in the calibration. Streamflow was measured at eight continuous-record streamflow-gaging stations that are part of the U.S. Geological Survey cooperative streamflow-gaging network, and at seven partial-record stations installed in 2004 for this study. Because the model-calibration period preceded data collection at the partial-record stations, a continuous streamflow record was estimated at these stations by correlation with flows at nearby continuous-record stations to provide additional streamflow data for model calibration. Water-use information was compiled for 1996-2001 and included municipal and commercial/industrial withdrawals, private residential withdrawals, golf-course withdrawals, municipal wastewater-return flows, and on-site septic effluent return flows. Streamflow depletion was computed for all time-varying ground-water withdrawals prior to simulation. Water-use data were included in the model to represent the net effect of water use on simulated hydrographs. Consequently, the calibrated values of the hydrologic parameters better represent the hydrologic response of the basin to precipitation. The model was calibrated for 1997-2001 to coincide with the land-use and water-use data compiled for the study. Four long-term stations (Nipmuc River near Harrisville, Rhode Island; Quinsigamond River at North Grafton, Massachusetts; Branch River at Forestdale, Rhode Island; and Blackstone River at Woonsocket, Rhode Island) that monitor flow at 3.3, 5.4, 19, and 88 percent of the total basin area, respectively, provided the primary model-calibration points. Hydrographs, scatter plots, and flow-duration curves of observed and simulated discharges, along with various model-fit statistics, indicated that the model performed well over a range of hydrologic conditions. For example, the total runoff volume for the calibration period simulated at the Nipmuc River near Harrisville, Rhode Island; Quinsigamond River at North Grafton, Massachusetts; Branch River at Forestdale, Rhode Island; and Blackstone River at Woonsocket, Rhode Island streamflow-gaging stations differed from the observed runoff v

Barbaro, Jeffrey R.; Zarriello, Phillip J.

2007-01-01

89

The rhode island community responds to opioid overdose deaths.  

PubMed

The challenge of addressing the epidemic of opioid overdose in Rhode Island, and nationwide, is only possible through collaborative efforts among a wide breadth of stakeholders. This article describes the range of efforts by numerous partners that have come together to facilitate community, and treatment-related approaches to address opioid-involved overdose and substance use disorder. Strategies to address this crisis have largely focused on increasing access both to the opioid overdose antidote naloxone and to high quality and timely treatment and recovery services. [Full text available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2014-10.asp, free with no login]. PMID:25271658

Bowman, Sarah; Engelman, Ariel; Koziol, Jennifer; Mahoney, Linda; Maxwell, Christopher; McKenzie, Michelle

2014-01-01

90

Wet Weather Characterization of Selected Rhode Island Baseline Monitoring Principle Investigators  

E-print Network

Wet Weather Characterization of Selected Rhode Island Baseline Monitoring Stations Principle Management (RI DEM) by establishing a Baseline Monitoring Program for the rivers of Rhode Island. The purpose of the program was to establish a long term, water quality database, under dry weather, or steady state

Rhode Island, University of

91

Rhode Island Consumer Education Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This consumer curriculum guide is divided into 10 component areas: basic economics in the marketplace, credit, consumer law/protection, banking skills, comparison shopping, advertising, responsible budgeting, insurance, taxes, and conservation of energy and resources. Each component is accompanied by a goal statement that identifies key concepts…

Rhode Island State Dept. of Education, Providence. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

92

Assessing the Feasibility of Wind Power Production for the University of Rhode Island’s Bay Campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governor Carcieri and the Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources (OER) set a goal for Rhode Island to be powered by 15% renewable energy resources. It was determined that wind power was the only utility scale means of renewable energy production abundant enough to satisfy this initiative. In January of 2006 the RI WINDS program was established and Applied Technology

Kenneth A. Critz

2009-01-01

93

REWSET: A prototype seismic and tsunami early warning system in Rhodes island, Greece  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tsunami warning in near-field conditions is a critical issue in the Mediterranean Sea since the most important tsunami sources are situated within tsunami wave travel times starting from about five minutes. The project NEARTOWARN (2012-2013) supported by the EU-DG ECHO contributed substantially to the development of new tools for the near-field tsunami early warning in the Mediterranean. One of the main achievements is the development of a local warning system in the test-site of Rhodes island (Rhodes Early Warning System for Earthquakes and Tsunamis - REWSET). The system is composed by three main subsystems: (1) a network of eight seismic early warning devices installed in four different localities of the island, one in the civil protection, another in the Fire Brigade and another two in municipality buildings; (2) two radar-type (ultrasonic) tide-gauges installed in the eastern coastal zine of the island which was selected since research on the historical earthquake and tsunami activity has indicated that the most important, near-field tsunami sources are situated offshore to the east of Rhodes; (3) a crisis Geographic Management System (GMS), which is a web-based and GIS-based application incorporating a variety of thematic maps and other information types. The seismic early warning devices activate by strong (magnitude around 6 or more) earthquakes occurring at distances up to about 100 km from Rhodes, thus providing immediate mobilization of the civil protection. The tide-gauges transmit sea level data, while during the crisis the GMS supports decisions to be made by civil protection. In the near future it is planned the REWSET system to be integrated with national and international systems. REWSET is a prototype which certainly could be developed in other coastal areas of the Mediterranean and beyond.

Papadopoulos, Gerasimos; Argyris, Ilias; Aggelou, Savvas; Karastathis, Vasilis

2014-05-01

94

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND -COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES TEXTILES, FASHION MERCHANDISING AND DESIGN CURRICULUM PLANNING SHEET  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND - COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES TEXTILES, FASHION MERCHANDISING AND DESIGN CURRICULUM PLANNING SHEET www.uri.edu/hss/tmd HS_TFMD_BS TEXTILES, FASHION MERCHANDISING;SUGGESTED TRACKS FOR TMD CONTENT AREA: Merchandising Design Historic Textile Science TMD 222 Apparel

Rhode Island, University of

95

Hydrogeology and water resources of Block Island, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ground water is present on Block Island as a lens of freshwater that overlies saltwater. Yields of 2 to 5 gallons per minute are obtainable throughout the island, and yields of 25 gallons per minute are possible at many wells. Annual water use during 1990 is estimated to have been 53 million gallons, of which approximately 17 million gallons was delivered from a water company at Sands Pond. Demand by water company customers from May through October averages 74,000 gallons per day. The sustainable yield of Sands Pond during the drought years estimated to be only 45,000 gallons per day. Withdrawal of the remaining 29,000 gallons per day from Fresh Pond, proposed as an alternative source, would produce an estimated water-level decline of less than 1 foot. Block Island consists of a Pleistocene moraine deposit that includes meltwater deposits, till, sediment-flow deposits, and glacially transported blocks of Cretaceous strata and pre-Late Wisconsinan glacial deposits. The water table is a subdued reflection of the land-surface topography and flow is generally from the central, topographic highs toward the coast. Layers of low hydraulic- conductivity material impede vertical flow, creating steep vertical gradients. No evidence of widespread ground-water contamination was found during this study. Nitrate concentrations were below Federal Maximum Contaminant Levels at each of the 83 sites sampled. No evidence of dissolved organic constituents was found in groundwater at the 10 sites sampled, and ground-water samples collected near the landfill showed no evidence of contamination from landfill leachate. Dissolved-iron concentrations exceeded the Federal Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level in groundwater at 26 of 76 wells sampled. High iron concentrations were found predominantly in the eastern and northern parts of the island and are attributed to the presence of iron-bearing minerals and organic matter in the aquifer.

Veeger, A.I.; Johnston, H.E.

1994-01-01

96

76 FR 79674 - Benjamin Riggs v. Rhode Island Public Utility Commission; Notice of Complaint  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. EL12-16-000] Benjamin Riggs v. Rhode Island Public Utility Commission; Notice of...of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission), Benjamin Riggs (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against...

2011-12-22

97

Rhode Island State Briefing Book on low-level radioactive-waste management  

SciTech Connect

The Rhode Island State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in Rhode Island. The profile is the result of a survey of radioactive material licensees in Rhode Island. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may affect waste management practices in Rhode Island.

Not Available

1981-07-01

98

Feasibility of crumb rubber use for asphalt pavement construction in Rhode Island. Final research report  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the research project, entitled `Viable Use of Crumb Rubber for Highway Construction in Rhode Island.` This study dealt with the investigation of the means by which the State of Rhode Island can effectively comply with the mandate of the Section 1038 of the 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) to use recycled rubber in asphalt pavements. More specifically, this laboratory investigation characterized Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) with Crumb Rubber Modifiers (CRM).

Lee, K.W.; Kovacs, W.D.; Marcus, A.S.; Madapati, R.R.

1995-12-15

99

Marine Benthic Communities of Block Island and Rhode Island Sounds and What they're Good For  

EPA Science Inventory

The benthic invertebrates of Block Island and Rhode Island Sounds include those adapted to near-shore habitats with variable temperature and salinity, mid-shelf species with narrower requirements, and boreal species that avoid elevated temperatures. Studies of benthic fauna in th...

100

Rhode Island hurricanes and tropical storms: A fifty-six year summary 1936-1991. Technical memo  

SciTech Connect

The paper was compiled to provide a general overview of all tropical cyclone activity near Rhode Island since 1936. The year of 1936 is arbitrary, chosen mainly to include a 'not so well known' system prior to the well documented Great New England Hurricane of 1938. Thirty-one such storms have affected the state in the past 56 years, either making landfall along the coast of southern New England, or passing close enough over the offshore waters to spread tropical storm or hurricane force conditions into the area. The intensities of these systems have ranged from weak, disorganized tropical storms to full fledged major hurricanes. The one feature common to almost all of the storms was a rapid acceleration toward Rhode Island, which greatly reduced the time to prepare and evacuate.

Vallee, D.R.

1993-03-01

101

Organochlorine concentrations in prefledging common terns Sterna hirundo at three Rhode Island USA colonies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Concentrations of DDE, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polychlorinated diphenyl ethers (PCDPEs) in carcasses of prefledging Common Terns (Sterna hirundo) at three Rhode Island colonies support the hypothesis that local contamination is responsible for among-colony differences observed in eggs in an earlier study. The highest concentrations of DDE and PCBs (mean=0.24 and 2.8 ppm wet weight) were found in prefledging terns from Providence, a highly industrialized area, and the lowest (DDE range=nd-0.11, PCBs mean=0.85) in terns from Price Neck, an undeveloped area 40 km to the south, PCDPEs were detected in 3 of 14 tern carcasses from Providence and were not detected in carcasses from 2 other colonies. The occurrence and concentrations of DDE and PCBs in killifish (Fundulus spp.), a major dietary item of Common Terns, qualitatively demonstrated the same trend among locations.

Custer, T.W.; Bunck, C.M.; Stafford, C.L.

1985-01-01

102

Bedrock geologic map of the Uxbridge quadrangle, Worcester County, Massachusetts, and Providence County, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The bedrock geology of the 7.5-minute Uxbridge quadrangle consists of Neoproterozoic metamorphic and igneous rocks of the Avalon zone. In this area, rocks of the Avalon zone lie within the core of the Milford antiform, south and east of the terrane-bounding Bloody Bluff fault zone. Permian pegmatite dikes and quartz veins occur throughout the quadrangle. The oldest metasedimentary rocks include the Blackstone Group, which represents a Neoproterozoic peri-Gondwanan marginal shelf sequence. The metasedimentary rocks are intruded by Neoproterozoic arc-related plutonic rocks of the Rhode Island batholith. This report presents mapping by G.J. Walsh. The complete report consists of a map, text pamphlet, and GIS database. The map and text pamphlet are available only as downloadable files (see frame at right). The GIS database is available for download in ESRI™ shapefile and Google Earth™ formats, and includes contacts of bedrock geologic units, faults, outcrops, structural geologic information, geochemical data, and photographs.

Walsh, Gregory J.

2014-01-01

103

Evaluation of a Universally-Free School Breakfast Program Demonstration Project: Central Falls, Rhode Island.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 1994, Central Falls, Rhode Island's Kids First, a collaborative partnership between the Central Falls School Department and local community leaders, launched a pilot universally-free school breakfast program (UF-SBP) called "Operation Breakfast." One of the goals of Operation Breakfast was to improve SBP participation; school breakfast…

Cook, John T.; Ohri-Vachaspati, Punam; Kelly, Gayle Leitch

104

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Rhode Island State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Rhode Island edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

105

The Study of Exercise and Nutrition in Older Rhode Islanders (SENIOR): translating theory into research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovative and effective health promotion interventions targeted on older adults within a public health framework will be increasingly important as the US population ages dramatic- ally. The benefits of healthier lifestyles for older adults include increased functional ability and improved quality of life. The Study of Exercise and Nutrition in Older Rhode Islanders (SENIOR) Project is a multi- behavioral health

Phillip G. Clark; Claudio R. Nigg; Geoffrey Greene; Deborah Riebe

2002-01-01

106

ALP: Alternate Learning Project; Overview of a Model High School in Providence, Rhode Island.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alternate Learning Project (ALP) is a community based public high school in Providence, Rhode Island. The ALP student population participates in a program offering individualized basic skills instruction, college preparatory courses, career exploration activities, and a broad arts curriculum. Throughout, the emphasis is on continuous…

Kenyon, Charles B.

107

Guidelines for Career Education 7-9 for Rhode Island: Agribusiness and Natural Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for implementing an exploratory career education curriculum in agribusiness and natural resources for Rhode Island students in grades 7-9 are presented. Section 1 presents a rationale, general objectives, suggestions for teacher preparation, explanation and scoring of interest inventory and achievement test, and resource list…

Rhode Island Univ., Kingston. Coll. of Resource Development.

108

Socioeconomic Correlates of Current and Regular Smoking among College Students in Rhode Island  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine how sociodemographic variables, in particular socioeconomic status, correlate with current and regular smoking among college students in Rhode Island. Participants and Methods: Over a 4-year period (academic year 2000-2001 to 2003-2004), the authors examined sociodemographic correlates of…

Clarkin, Patrick F.; Tisch, Linda A.; Glicksman, Arvin S.

2008-01-01

109

Records of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing birds (Aves) in Rhode Island, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incidental to studies on Lyme disease in Rhode Island, a total of 531 birds represented by 68 species, was collected and examined for the presence of ticks and other ectoparasites. Of these birds, a total of 230, comprising 36 species, harbored ticks in the pre-adult stage. In all 1,174 ticks were collected. Tick burden ranged from 1 to 76 specimens

Kerwin E. Hyland; Jenifer Bernier; Daniel Markowski; Andrew MacLachlan; Zuhair Amr; Jay Pitocchelli; James Myers; Renjie Hu

2000-01-01

110

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN JUVENILE WINTER FLOUNDER AND MULTIPLE-SCALE HABITAT VARIATION IN NARRAGANSETT BAY, RHODE ISLAND  

EPA Science Inventory

A rapid random-sampling method was used to relate densities of juvenile winter flounder to multiple scales of habitat variation in Narragansett Bay and two nearby coastal lagoons in Rhode Island. We used a 1-m beam trawl with attached video camera, continuous GPS track overlay, ...

111

Rhode Island Downplays Tests as Route to Diplomas: Students Must Demonstrate Their Knowledge, Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While about half the states require high school students to pass tests to graduate, or have plans to do so, policymakers in the nation's smallest state have struck out on a path that values multiple ways of measuring achievement. This article reports on state rules adopted two years ago that require Rhode Island districts to design new graduation…

Archer, Jeff

2005-01-01

112

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND -COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES TEXTILE MARKETING CURRICULUM PLANNING SHEET  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND - COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES TEXTILE MARKETING CURRICULUM PLANNING SHEET www.uri.edu/hss/tmd HS_TXMK_ BS TEXTILE MARKETING (TXMK)...... 120 credits Name: Entering Business Requirements (37 credits) Textile Requirements (29 credits) BUS 201 Financial Accounting (3) ECN

Rhode Island, University of

113

NEKTON HABITAT QUALITY AT SHALLOW-WATER SITES IN TWO RHODE ISLAND COASTAL SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

We evaluated nekton habitat quality at five shallow-water sites in two Rhode Island systems by comparing nekton densities and biomass, number of species, prey availability and feeding, and abundance of winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus. Nekton density and biomass wer...

114

The Rhode Island "Washington": Meaning Making in Social Studies through Art History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rhode Island State House in Providence is an imposing structure. It is also an architecturally significant one. Built of white Georgia marble between 1895 and 1904, it has one of only four self-supporting marble covered domes found in the world. It was placed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. Looking around, one encounters…

Piro, Joseph M.

2005-01-01

115

Bringing URI Ocean Research to Bear on Rhode Island Economic Development  

E-print Network

is definitely on the move, and that our multiple research programs bring resources to bear on the problems Funded Research on the Rhode Island Economy in Fiscal Year 2010 page 4 A World Leader in the Study of How Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems Work page 6 The Business of Saving Lives page 7 Big Discoveries Big

Rhode Island, University of

116

METAL SURVEY OF THE MARINE CLAM 'PITAR MORRHUANA' COLLECTED NEAR A RHODE ISLAND (USA) ELECTROPLATING PLANT  

EPA Science Inventory

Benthic fauna were collected from 17 stations in mid-Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, during September 1973 from the vicinity of the recently-closed Quonset Point electroplating facility. Despite repeated sampling, most of the 14 species of molluscs taken, including the widgeon cl...

117

Survey of the Former Nike Sites Located at North Smithfield, Foster and Coventry, Rhode Island.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Army was requested to investigate allegations that canisters of UDMH, a missile starter fuel for the Nike-Ajax system, were buried at one or more of the five former Nike launcher sites in Rhode Island. This report documents the survey/cleanup operatio...

M. C. Bruce, R. G. Roux

1981-01-01

118

catalogUndergraduate and Graduate Catalog of the University of Rhode Island  

E-print Network

and scholarly and creative works. Its students in all their diversity--from Rhode Island, across the country and capabilities as critical and independent thinkers. To meet student and societal needs, it offers undergraduate and environmental studies; health; children, families, and communi- ties; and enterprise and advanced technol- ogy

Rhode Island, University of

119

Lessons from the Classroom Level about Federal and State Accountability in Rhode Island and Illinois. Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the winter of 2008, the Center on Education Policy (CEP) released reports examining the impact of national and state accountability systems on curriculum, instruction, and student achievement in Rhode Island and Illinois. Using classroom observations and interviews with school administrators, instructional specialists, teachers, parents, and…

Center on Education Policy, 2009

2009-01-01

120

Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Rhode Island Coastal Ponds and the Estuarine Environment of Narragansett Bay  

PubMed Central

Quantification of the abundance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in water and oysters from Rhode Island showed the presence of environmental strains and low levels of potentially pathogenic strains when water temperatures were ?18°C, with peak levels in late July to early August. A higher abundance of the trh gene than of the tdh gene was observed. PMID:22307298

Cox, Annie M.

2012-01-01

121

Child Care in Rhode Island: Caring for Infants and Pre-School Children. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Rhode Island Kids Count organization details the state's infant and preschool child care, components of quality care, and state policies to increase the supply of quality care. The report begins with a discussion of the importance of providing good quality child care to enhance healthy child development, especially brain…

Harrington, Ann-Marie, Ed.; Walsh, Catherine Boisvert, Ed.; Bryant, Elizabeth Burke, Ed.

1997-01-01

122

BS in Pharmaceutical Science (BSPS) degree program University of Rhode Island  

E-print Network

BS in Pharmaceutical Science (BSPS) degree program University of Rhode Island March 4, 2011. Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, updated 02/18/2013 To prepare students for careers/PHP courses, which will offer students a strong basic and applied understanding of the pharmaceutical sciences

Rhode Island, University of

123

USE OF A RHODE ISLAND SALT POND BY JUVENILE WINTER FLOUNDER, PSEUDOPLEURONECTES AMERICANUS  

EPA Science Inventory

We used a 1.75 m2 drop ring sampler in June and July of 2000 to quantify populations of juvenile flatfishes and other small nekton in Ninigret Pond, Rhode Island. The drop sampler was deployed in approximately 1 m of water from a boom mounted on the bow of a small boat. Abundance...

124

Hydrogeology, Water Quality, and Ground-Water-Development Alternatives in the Upper Wood River Ground-Water Reservoir, Rhode Island.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the hydrogeology, water quality, and ground-water-development alternatives in the upper Wood River ground-water reservoir, Rhode Island. The report includes discussion of (1) recharge to and hydraulic properties of the stratified-dri...

D. C. Dickerman, R. W. Bell

1993-01-01

125

Health Assessment for Davis Liquid Chemical Waste, Smithfield, Providence Co., Rhode Island, Region 1. CERCLIS No. RID980523070.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Davis Liquid Chemical Waste Disposal Site is 15 acres in size and lies in the town of Smithfield, Providence County, Rhode Island. Samples of liquids taken in 1977 contained chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, benzene, trichloroethylene, acetone, methyl...

1986-01-01

126

Impact of Immigration on the Molecular Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Rhode Island?  

PubMed Central

While foreign-born persons constitute only 11% of the population in the state of Rhode Island, they account for more than 65% of incident tuberculosis (TB) annually. We investigated the molecular-epidemiological differences between foreign-born and U.S.-born TB patients to estimate the degree of recent transmission and identify predictors of clustering. A total of 288 isolates collected from culture-confirmed TB cases in Rhode Island between 1995 and 2004 were fingerprinted by spoligotyping and 12-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units. Of the 288 fingerprinted isolates, 109 (37.8%) belonged to 36 genetic clusters. Our findings demonstrate that U.S.-born patients, Hispanics, Asian/Pacific islanders, and uninsured patients were significantly more likely to be clustered. Recent transmission among the foreign-born population was restricted and occurred mostly locally, within populations originating from the same region. Nevertheless, TB transmission between the foreign-born and U.S.-born population should not be neglected, since 80% of the mixed clusters of foreign- and U.S.-born persons arose from a foreign-born source case. We conclude that timely access to routine screening and treatment for latent TB infection for immigrants is vital for disease elimination in Rhode Island. PMID:21159930

Vanhomwegen, Jessica; Kwara, Awewura; Martin, Melissa; Gillani, Fizza S.; Fontanet, Arnaud; Mutungi, Peninnah; Crellin, Joyce; Obaro, Stephen; Gosciminski, Michael; Carter, E. Jane; Rastogi, Nalin

2011-01-01

127

Hydrologic data for the Usquepaug-Queen River basin, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Usquepaug-Queen River ground-water reservoir in Rhode Island is part of the stratified-drift aquifer along the Usquepaug-Queen River and its tributaries. The thickest, most permeable parts of the aquifer form the Usquepaug-Queen River ground-water reservoir. The 36.1-square mile study area comprises parts of Washington and Kent counties, and includes parts of the towns of Exeter, North Kingstown, Richmond, South Kingstown, and West Greenwich. The report presents geologic and hydrologic information needed for the prediction and management of hydrologic effects of proposed ground-water development. The report describes aquifer lithology, provides historical data on water-level and aquifer-storage changes, provides information on ground-water quality, and presents natural flow characteristics and water quality of streams in the Usquepaug-Queen River area. The data includes 275 ground-water sites; lithologic logs of 66 ground-water sites; water levels for 43 ground- water sites; chemical analyses of 36 ground-water sites; stream discharge measurements from the continuous-record gaging station on the Usquepaug- Queen River; discharge measurements at 10 partial- record stations in the area; chemical analyses of 17 stream sites; and the data from 14 slug tests conducted at ground-water sites.

Kliever, John D.

1995-01-01

128

RHODE ISLAND SUPREME COURT RULES FOR LESBIAN CO-PARENT VISITATION RIGHTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a 3-2 ruling, the Rhode Island Supreme Court held on September 25 that the state's Family Court has jurisdiction to deal with a claim for child visitation by a lesbian co- parent. Adopting the approach taken by the New Jersey Supreme Court in V.C. v. M.J.B., 748 A. 2d 539 (N.J. 2000) and the Wisconsin Supreme Court in Custody

Elaine Chapnik; Ian Chesir-Teran; Steven Kolodny; K. Jacob Ruppert; Daniel R Schaffer; Robert Wintemute; Leo L. Wong

129

Fertility, life cycle stage and female labor Force participation in Rhode Island: A retrospective overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable historical evidence indicates a long term increase in female labor force participation in the United States during\\u000a the twentieth century. However, there are only limited data available for analyzing this secular trend in any depth. Comprehensive\\u000a retrospective data for a representative sample of 1,578 once-married Rhode Island women are utilized to examine the changing\\u000a historical relationships between female work

Frank L. Mott

1972-01-01

130

HIV and HCV testing for young drug users in Rhode Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young injection drug users (IDU) are at risk for both human immunonodeficiency virus (HIV) and Hepatitis C infections (HCV). Rates of HIV testing have been widely documented, but limited information exists regarding HCV screening rates. Among a community sample of 86 IDUs, aged 18–25 years in Rhode Island, 87.2% reported ever testing for HIV versus 51.2% for HCV (p <

David Pugatch; Bradley J. Anderson; Janet V. O’Connell; Laura C. Elson; Michael D. Stein

2006-01-01

131

Evaluation of the Impact of a Volunteer Ombudsman Program: The Rhode Island Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research assessed the impact of a major innovation in the Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program that occurred in Rhode Island in 1997–the introduction of a volunteer component in which community members were trained and certified as advocates for residents in long-term care. Based on reports to the state ombudsman office, the findings indicated that the placement of volunteer ombudsman was

Rachel Filinson

2003-01-01

132

HIV Prevention Needs Among Street-Based Male Sex Workers in Providence, Rhode Island.  

PubMed

We examined data derived from a needs assessment of the personal and social characteristics and HIV risk behavior of street-based male sex workers, in Providence, Rhode Island, who engage in transactional sexual intercourse with other men. Substance use, injected drugs, needle sharing, and psychosocial distress were highly prevalent among the sample. History of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse was associated with increased risk of condomless anal sexual intercourse with paying male clients. PMID:25211761

Landers, Stewart; Closson, Elizabeth F; Oldenburg, Catherine E; Holcomb, Richard; Spurlock, Shannon; Mimiaga, Matthew J

2014-11-01

133

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 2, 2006  

E-print Network

kingdom of Tambora The eruption of Mount Tambora on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa in 1815, the largest volcanic eruption in human history, killed 117,000 people and extinguished the tiny kingdom of Tambora

Rhode Island, University of

134

Maps Showing Geology and Shallow Structure of Eastern Rhode Island Sound and Vineyard Sound, Massachusetts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents results of marine studies conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) during the summers of 1975 and 1976 in eastern Rhode Island Sound and Vineyard Sound (fig. 1) located off the southeastern coast of Massachusetts. The study was made in cooperation with the Massachusetts Department of Public Works and the New England Division of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. It covered an area of the Atlantic Inner Continental Shelf between latitude 41 deg 12' and 41 deg 33'N, and between longitude 70 deg 37' and 71 deg 15'W (see index map). Major objectives included assessment of sand and gravel resources, environmental impact evaluation both of offshore mining of these resources and of offshore disposal of solid waste and dredge spoil material, identification and mapping of the offshore geology, and determination of the geologic history of this part of the Inner Shelf. A total of 670 kilometers (km) of closely spaced high-resolution seismic-reflection profiles, 224 km of side-scan sonar data, and 16 cores totaling 90 meters (m) of recovered sediment, were collected during the investigation. This report is companion to geologic maps published for Cape Cod Bay (Oldale and O'Hara, 1975) and Buzzards Bay, Mass. (Robb and Oldale, 1977).

O'Hara, Charles J.; Oldale, Robert N.

1980-01-01

135

Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination of ground water in Tiverton, Rhode Island, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ground water samples from several private wells serving individual homes in Tiverton, Rhode Island were analyzed for petroleum contamination over a 19-month period. The hydrocarbon concentrations initially ranged from 68 to 2350 ppb and then gradually decreased to lower values, ranging from 6 to 1650 ppb, at the end of the study. Samples from the well with the highest hydrocarbon concentration (2350 to 1650 ppb) were investigated in some detail because this was considered a possible source of the petroleum contamination in the area. These studies indicated that most of the hydrocarbons were in the dissolved phase (<1.0 ?m) of the ground water and that it contained large amounts of naphthalene, methyl and dimethyl naphthalenes, and ethyl naphthalenes. In addition, the qualitative distribution of hydrocarbons changed as the concentration decreased over the course of the investigation. There appeared to be preferential loss of the more volatile and easily degraded components relative to the higher molecular weight and more refractory hydrocarbons. Some of the wells at this location are contaminated with at least two different petroleum products, i.e. gasoline and fuel oil. The exact nature and source of the contaminant is not known; it may be spilled or leaking petroleum products, or other materials containing petroleum hydrocarbons (e.g. commercial or industrial cleaning solutions). Based on differences in the qualitative distribution of components, some of the wells contain hydrocarbons that have been environmentally altered or that originate from a source other than the most contaminated well

Zheng, Jinshu; Quinn, James G.

1988-12-01

136

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Primary results are summarized for a three-part study involving the effects of connecting a MOD-OA wind turbine generator to an isolated diesel power system. The MOD-OA installation considered was the third of four experimental nominal 200 kW wind turbines connected to various utilities under the Federal Wind Energy Program and was characterized by the highest wind energy penetration levels of four sites. The study analyses address: fuel displacement, dynamic interaction, and three modes of reactive power control. These analyses all have as their basis the results of the data acquisition program conducted on Block Island, Rhode Island.

Wilreker, V. F.; Stiller, P. H.; Scott, G. W.; Kruse, V. J.; Smith, R. F.

1984-01-01

137

University of Rhode Island inAdvance January 17, 2008  

E-print Network

Chandley '83 and Tom Silvia '83 extend an invitation to you to attend the 17th annual Winter New study of biomedical sciences at the College of Pharmacy, has found for the first time evidence of Alzheimer Island's first assessment of Asian shore crabs, an invasive species from Japan and the east coast

Rhode Island, University of

138

University of Rhode Island inAdvance January 4, 2007  

E-print Network

Island with $450,000 to purchase high-tech equipment for scientific research and education. The grants to the tundra to complete a non-traditional pharmacy rotation Heather Mae Grant, a sixth-year pharmacy major, traveled to Alaska last summer for her pharmacy rotations in an effort to experience a minimalist lifestyle

Rhode Island, University of

139

76 FR 16322 - Cranberries Grown in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AMS-FV-11-0011; FV11-929-1] Cranberries Grown in the States of Massachusetts...conducted among eligible growers of cranberries in the States of Massachusetts, Rhode...marketing order regulating the handling of cranberries grown in the production area....

2011-03-23

140

Estimation of water withdrawal and distribution, water use, and wastewater collection and return flow in Cumberland, Rhode Island, 1988  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-use data collected in Rhode Island by different State agencies or maintained by different public suppliers and wastewater- treatment facilities need to be integrated if these data are to be used in making water- resource management decisions. Water-use data for the town of Cumberland, a small area in northeastern Rhode Island, were compiled and integrated to provide an example of how the procedure could be applied. Integration and reliability assessment of water-use data could be facilitated if public suppliers, wastewater- treatment facilities, and State agencies used a number of standardized procedures for data collection and computer storage. The total surface water and ground water withdrawn in the town of Cumberland during 1988 is estimated to be 15.39 million gallons per day, of which 11.20 million gallons per day was exported to other towns. Water use in Cumberland included 2.51 million gallons per day for domestic use, 0.68 million gallons per day for industrial use, 0.27 million gallons per day for commercial use, and 0.73 million gallons per day for other use, most of which were unmetered use. Disposal of waste- water in Cumberland included 2.03 million gallons per day returned to the hydrologic system and 1.73 million gallons per day exported from Cumberland for wastewater treatment. Consumptive use during 1988 is estimated to be 0.43 million gallons per day.

Horn, M. A.; Craft, P. A.; Bratton, Lisa

1994-01-01

141

Modern sedimentary environments on the Rhode Island inner shelf, off the eastern United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Analyses of side-scan sonar records along with previously published bathymetric, textural and subbottom data reveal the sedimentary environments on the inner Continental Shelf south of Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. The bottom topography in this area is characterized by a broad central depression bordered by shallow, irregular sea floor on the north and east and by a discontinuous, curvilinear ridge on the south and west. Four distinct environments were identified: 1. (1) Pre-Mesozoic coastal rocks are exposed on the sea floor at isolated locations near the shore (waterdepths <32 m). These exposures have pronounced, irregular topographic relief and produce blotchy patterns on side-scan sonographs. 2. (2) Glacial moraine deposits form the discontinuous offshore ridge. These deposits have hummocky sea-floor relief, are covered by lag gravel and boudlers, and appear as predominantly black (strongly reflective) patterns on the side-scan records. 3. (3) Over most of the shallow, irregular bottom in the northeast, on the flanks of the morainal ridge, and atop bathymetric highs, the sea floor is characterized as a mosaic of light and dark patches and lineations. The dark (more reflective) zones are areas of coarse sands and megaripples (wavelengths = 0.8-1.2 m that either have no detectable relief or are slightly depressed relative to surrounding (light) areas of finer-grained sands. 4. (4) Smooth beds that produce nearly featureless patterns on the sonographs occupy the broad central bathymetric depression as well as smaller depressions north and east of Block Island. Within the broad depression, sonographs having practically no shading indicate a central zone of modern sandy silt, whereas records having moderate tonality define a peripheral belt of silty sand. The sedimentary environments that are outlined range from erosional or non-depositional (bedrock, glacial moraine) to depositional (featureless beds), and include areas that may reflect a combination of erosional and depositional processes (textural patchiness). The distribution and characteristics of the environments reveal the general post-glacial sedimentary history of this area and provide a guide to future utilization of the shelf surface. ?? 1982.

Knebel, H. J.; Needell, S. W.; O'Hara, C. J.

1982-01-01

142

75 FR 18516 - Rhode Island; Emergency and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...authorized under Title V of the Stafford Act, to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, and to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in the designated areas. Specifically, you are authorized to provide assistance for...

2010-04-12

143

77 FR 68797 - Rhode Island; Emergency and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...authorized under Title V of the Stafford Act, to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, and to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in the designated areas. Specifically, you are authorized to provide assistance for...

2012-11-16

144

Smoking rates among Rhode Island physicians: achieving a smoke-free society.  

PubMed

Over a 25-year period, regular surveys of physicians licensed in Rhode Island have recorded their smoking behavior. The six surveys show a decrease in the rate of cigarette smoking from 33% in 1963 to 4.6% in 1988. In the most recent survey, 65% of respondents reported never having smoked, and 87% of those who had ever smoked reported having quit. However, the statistic for the maximum number of cigarettes smoked regularly was higher for current smokers than for former smokers. Among physicians in the 1988 survey, most former smokers (85%) reported using only unassisted personal effort in quitting, whereas nearly half (48%) of current smokers tried methods involving assistance, such as self-help programs, group programs, or nicotine gum. Among former smokers who quit after 1983, the percentage trying assisted methods (34%) was closer to the percentage among current smokers. Apparently, remaining smokers include many heavy smokers who require more potent interventions in order to quit. Physicians in Rhode Island have almost become a smoke-free group. Their experience, coupled with their involvement in smoking prevention and cessation for their patients, can lead the rest of society on its path to becoming smoke-free. PMID:1599725

Scott, H D; Tierney, J T; Buechner, J S; Waters, W J

1992-01-01

145

Cause-specific mortality among male textile workers in Rhode Island.  

PubMed

Cause-specific mortality patterns among male textile workers in Rhode Island who died during the period 1968-1978 were examined using the proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) method. Textile worker decedents were identified by the usual occupation and industry statements on Rhode Island death certificates. A statistically significant PMR elevation was observed for nonmalignant respiratory disease (NMRD) among male textile workers (PMR = 110; Observed deaths [Obs] = 433; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 102-120). The PMRs for NMRD by specific textile occupation and by type of textile manufacturing generally exhibited the pattern expected for work-related mortality owing to textile dust exposure. High PMRs were observed among carding, lapping, and combing operatives, the decedents who probably had the highest dust exposure (PMR = 166; Obs = 24; CI = 114-243), and among operatives most likely to have worked in cotton manufacturing (PMR = 137; Obs = 47; CI = 104-179). This is the first report of excess mortality from NMRD among male textile workers in the United States. This finding is consistent with previous evidence that exposure to cotton dust can cause disabling chronic lung disease. Also noteworthy were statistically significant elevated PMRs for cancers of the rectum and esophagus among decedents who had been engaged in textile dyeing and finishing. Owing to the lack of direct information about occupational exposures and smoking habits of the decedents and uncertainties in classifying decedents by type of textile manufacturing, this investigation should be viewed as being exploratory in nature. PMID:3364422

Dubrow, R; Gute, D M

1988-01-01

146

The importance of routine HIV testing in the incarcerated population: the Rhode Island experience.  

PubMed

Routine HIV testing in the correctional setting offered to all inmates at entry has played an important role in the diagnosis of HIV in Rhode Island. Diagnosis and treatment of HIV in prisons can further public health goals of HIV control, prevention, and education. Routine HIV testing can be incorporated into primary and secondary prevention programs in correctional facilities. In Rhode Island, where HIV testing is routine at entry into the correctional facility, approximately one third of all persons who test positive are identified in the correctional facility. The proportion of males and females testing positive in the correctional facility versus those testing positive in other facilities has shown a gradual decrease, with positive female HIV tests declining more substantially in recent years. Specific groups, such as males, African Americans, and injection drug users continue to be more likely diagnosed in the state correctional facility than in other testing sites. These differences may reflect barriers to health care access that other community initiatives have failed to address. PMID:12413192

Desai, Amar A; Latta, E Timothy; Spaulding, Anne; Rich, Josiah D; Flanigan, Timothy P

2002-10-01

147

Residential market for fuelwood in Rhode Island: demand, supply, and policy implications  

SciTech Connect

Fuelwood consumption in Rhode Island has tripled since the 1973 oil shortage as a result of household substitution of wood for relatively more expensive heating fuels. A telephone survey of 515 randomly selected households in Rhode Island determined the incidence of wood-burning (25%), the quantities of wood households consumed, their reasons for burning wood, the manner in which they obtained the wood, etc. Households were hypothesized to behave like cost-minimizing firms in producing heat from the lowest-cost combination of inputs (wood and stove efficiency). It was further hypothesized that households process their own firewood as an alternative to purchasing it where the opportunity cost of household labor is less than the commercial value added, thus freeing household income for other uses. These hypotheses were put into testable form as a four-level econometric model containing (1) the discrete household decision to participate in wood heat production, (2) the determination of the cost-minimizing vector of inputs given heat output and relative input prices, (3) the discrete household decision to harvest its own wood and, (4) the determination of how much wood to harvest, how much household labor to invest in wood processing, and the implicit price of fuelwood. Both these hypotheses were well validated via econometric testing.

Mackenzie, J.

1985-01-01

148

Numerical-simulation and conjunctive-management models of the Hunt-Annaquatucket-Pettaquamscutt stream-aquifer system, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report describes the development, application, and evaluation of numerical-simulation and conjunctive-management models of the Hunt-Annaquatucket-Pettaquamscutt stream-aquifer system in central Rhode Island. Steady-state transient numerical models were developed to improve the understanding of the hydrologic budget of the system, the interaction of ground-water and surface-water components of the system, and the contributing areas and sources of water to supply wells in the system. The numerical models were developed and calibrated on the basis of hydrologic data collected during this and previous investigations. These data include lithologic information for the aquifer; hydraulic properties of aquifer and streambed materials; recharge to the aquifer; water levels measured in wells, ponds, and streambed piezometers; streamflow measurements for various streams within the system; and ground-water withdrawal rates from, and wastewater discharge to, the aquifer.

Barlow, Paul M.; Dickerman, David C.

2001-01-01

149

7 CFR 929.4 - Production area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES OF MASSACHUSETTS, RHODE ISLAND, CONNECTICUT, NEW JERSEY, WISCONSIN...Production area. Production area means the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Wisconsin,...

2013-01-01

150

7 CFR 929.4 - Production area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES OF MASSACHUSETTS, RHODE ISLAND, CONNECTICUT, NEW JERSEY, WISCONSIN...Production area. Production area means the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Wisconsin,...

2012-01-01

151

7 CFR 929.4 - Production area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES OF MASSACHUSETTS, RHODE ISLAND, CONNECTICUT, NEW JERSEY, WISCONSIN...Production area. Production area means the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Wisconsin,...

2011-01-01

152

7 CFR 929.4 - Production area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES OF MASSACHUSETTS, RHODE ISLAND, CONNECTICUT, NEW JERSEY, WISCONSIN...Production area. Production area means the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Wisconsin,...

2010-01-01

153

Hydrogeology and Simulated Ground-Water Flow in the Salt Pond Region of Southern Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Salt Pond region of southern Rhode Island extends from Westerly to Narragansett Bay and forms the natural boundary between the Atlantic Ocean and the shallow, highly permeable freshwater aquifer of the South Coastal Basin. Large inputs of fresh ground water coupled with the low flushing rates to the open ocean make the salt ponds particularly susceptible to eutrophication and bacterial contamination. Ground-water discharge to the salt ponds is an important though poorly quantified source of contaminants, such as dissolved nutrients. A ground-water-flow model was developed and used to delineate the watersheds to the salt ponds, including the areas that contribute ground water directly to the ponds and the areas that contribute ground water to streams that flow into ponds. The model also was used to calculate ground-water fluxes to these coastal areas for long-term average conditions. As part of the modeling analysis, adjustments were made to model input parameters to assess potential uncertainties in model-calculated watershed delineations and in ground-water discharge to the salt ponds. The results of the simulations indicate that flow to the salt ponds is affected primarily by the ease with which water is transmitted through a glacial moraine deposit near the regional ground-water divide, and by the specified recharge rate used in the model simulations. The distribution of the total freshwater flow between direct ground-water discharge and ground-water-derived surface-water (streamflow) discharge to the salt ponds is affected primarily by simulated stream characteristics, including the streambed-aquifer connection and the stream stage. The simulated position of the ground-water divide and, therefore, the model-calculated watershed delineations for the salt ponds, were affected only by changes in the transmissivity of the glacial moraine. Selected changes in other simulated hydraulic parameters had substantial effects on total freshwater discharge and the distribution of direct ground-water discharge and ground-water-derived surface-water (streamflow) discharge to the salt ponds, but still provided a reasonable match to the hydrologic data available for model calibration. To reduce the uncertainty in predictions of watershed areas and ground-water discharge to the salt ponds, additional hydrogeologic data would be required to constrain the model input parameters that have the greatest effect on the simulation results.

Masterson, John P.; Sorenson, Jason R.; Stone, Janet R.; Moran, S. Bradley; Hougham, Andrea

2007-01-01

154

Local tsunami early warning: the case of Rhodes island, Greece, and the NEARTOWARN (EU-DG ECHO) prevention project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Local, that is near-field, tsunamis occur in the global ocean including the Mediterranean Sea and its connected seas. For such tsunamis the first wave has very short travel time of arrival (less than 30 min.) to the closest coastal zone thus making the early warning a very difficult task. An efficient, end-to-end early tsunami warning system in local conditions should fulfill the condition that the time needed for the earthquake detection, plus the time needed for the warning message transmission to the authorities and afterwards to the general public and/or other task groups, plus the time needed for response and real evacuation is less than the travel time of the first wave. In the physiographic conditions of the Mediterranean Sea it is extremely hard to satisfy such a condition unless the total time needed to response in early warning is drastically minimized. The project Near-Field Tsunami Warning and Emergency Planning (NEARTOWARN, which is supported by the EU DG-ECHO prevention programme, aims, among others, to establish a system in Rhodes island, Greece, with the purpose to meet needs for local early tsunami warning. To minimize the time for emergency in less than 30 sec, seismic alert devices (SED's) make the core component of the system. SED's are activated and send alerting signals as soon as a P-phase of seismic wave is detected in the near-field but for a predetermined threshold of ground motion. Then, emergency starts while SED's activate remotely other devices, such as computers with data bases of pre-calculated tsunami simulations, surveillance cameras etc. The system is completed with tide-gauges, simulated tsunami scenarios and emergency planning supported by a Geographical Management System. Rhodes island in Dodecanese, South Aegean Sea, Greece, has been selected as a test-area for the development of the prototype system given that it was hit by large tsunamigenic earthquakes several times in the past.

Papadopoulos, Gerassimos; Argyris, Ilias; Fokaefs, Anna

2013-04-01

155

Energy Conservation Measures for the Charles E. Shea Senior High School, Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Public Service Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a study of energy conservation opportunities in a Rhode Island high school. With the aid of an infrared camera system, researchers documented heat losses that were not evident to the naked eye. Each infrared thermogram obtained showed one or more types of heat loss and identified the specific sections of the building where the…

New England Innovation Group, Providence, RI.

156

Direct and correlated responses to divergent selection for residual food intake in Rhode island red laying hens  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Divergent selection was undertaken in a Rhode Island Red population for residual food intake, measured in males and females, using mass selection.2. In the absence of a control line, selection response during 14 generations was estimated by the within?year divergence between lines.3. The direct response in residual food intake was found to be significant in both sexes, the divergence

A. Bordas; P. Merat

1992-01-01

157

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND -COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY STUDIES CURRICULUM PLANNING SHEET  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND - COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY. An overall 2.00 QPA is needed to transfer from University College to the College of Human Science) Consumer Protection ____ HDF 451 (3) Financial Counseling & Debt Management ____ HDF 432 (3) Perspectives

Rhode Island, University of

158

HIV testing experiences among male and female inmates in Rhode Island.  

PubMed

We conducted a survey of 154 inmates of the Rhode Island Department of Corrections jail regarding HIV risk, HIV testing experiences, and attitudes toward rapid HIV testing in the correctional setting. HIV risk behavior was common during the 6 months before incarceration. Ninety-four percent of inmates were previously tested for HIV; of those, 50% reported at least 1 test for which they did not receive a result. Eighty-eight percent stated they would prefer rapid testing to standard HIV antibody testing in the correctional setting. Rapid HIV testing is acceptable to this high-risk prison population and may improve the delivery of HIV test results. Further research is needed to determine how to best incorporate rapid HIV testing into the delivery of health care in the correctional setting. PMID:17902230

Beckwith, Curt G; Cohen, Jonathan; Shannon, Cheryl; Raz, Liran; Rich, Josiah D; Lally, Michelle A

2007-09-01

159

Implementing small group health insurance reform: the HEALTHpact plan of Rhode Island.  

PubMed

This study analyzes administrative impediments to enrollment in HEALTHpact, a high-deductible plan with premiums capped at 10% of the average Rhode Island wage. HEALTHpact includes an opportunity for enrollees to reduce their deductibles from $5,000 ($10,000 for a family) to $750 ($1,500 for a family) if they engage in prespecified wellness behaviors. A stakeholder panel was convened to develop guidelines for insurers, which, in turn, were required to develop products satisfying those guidelines. Implementation was examined using stakeholder interviews and archival documents. Results indicate that since no funds were allocated for education and monitoring, there was little opportunity to promote "bottom up" demand or to oversee insurers. They also indicate that both insurers and brokers adopted strategies that inhibited take-up. Providing the resources necessary for effective government oversight and outreach will be critical to small group market reform nationally. So too will be promoting broker and insurer buy-in. PMID:21602198

Miller, Edward Alan; Trivedi, Amal N; Kuo, Sylvia; Mor, Vincent

2011-12-01

160

The Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center conversion from HEU to LEU fuel  

SciTech Connect

The 2-MW Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center (RINSC) open pool reactor was converted from 93% UAL-High Enriched Uranium (HEU) fuel to 20% enrichment U3Si2-AL Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) fuel. The conversion included redesign of the core to a more compact size and the addition of beryllium reflectors and a beryllium flux trap. A significant increase in thermal flux level was achieved due to greater neutron leakage in the new compact core configuration. Following the conversion, a second cooling loop and an emergency core cooling system were installed to permit operation at 5 MW. After re-licensing at 2 MW, a power upgrade request will be submitted to the NRC.

Tehan, Terry

2000-09-27

161

Domestic violence incidents with children witnesses: findings from Rhode Island surveillance data.  

PubMed

In this study we analyze factors associated with children witnessing police-reported domestic violence (DV) and determine the age distribution of children witnessing. Rhode Island Department of Health surveillance data (1996-1998) from police forms were used to assess demographic characteristics of victims, characteristics of incidents, whether children were present, and children's ages. Victim gender, age, race/ethnicity, relationship to suspect, and whether the victim was assaulted were all strong predictors of children witnessing a DV incident. Almost half (48%) of the children who witnessed DV incidents were less than 6 years old. To reach these young children, prevention and intervention programs will need to target parents and caretakers of young children and/or pediatricians. PMID:12732443

Gjelsvik, Annie; Verhoek-Oftedahl, Wendy; Pearlman, Deborah N

2003-01-01

162

The North Cape oil spill: hydrocarbons in Rhode Island coastal waters and Point Judith Pond.  

PubMed

On 19 January 1996, the North Cape oil barge ran aground near Moonstone Beach, RI, and spilled over 2700 metric tons of No. 2 fuel oil during a severe winter storm. High winds and rough seas drove the oil into the water column, and the oil spread throughout Block Island Sound and into several coastal salt ponds. Over 50 water samples were collected from Point Judith Pond (PJP) and the southern coast of Rhode Island for four months after the spill and analyzed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs). These analyses revealed that at least 60 km2 of coastal waters were impacted from the spill. Maximum concentrations of sigmaPAHs and TPHs were 115 and 3940 microg l(-1), respectively. The percentage of sigmaPAHs relative to the TPHs for all samples varied from 0.2 to 43%, showing that there was no clear relationship between sigmaPAHs and TPHs for the whole dataset and likely resulting from spatial and temporal partitioning over the course of the spill. However, within the dataset, there were stronger correlations for distinct samples collected at similar locations and times. In PJP, water column concentrations of individual PAHs decreased at rates of 0.08-0.24 day(-1) and lower-molecular weight PAHs were removed faster than higher-molecular weight PAHs. PMID:11763148

Reddy, C M; Quinn, J G

2001-12-01

163

Effects of Water-Management Strategies on Water Resources in the Pawcatuck River Basin, Southwestern Rhode Island and Southeastern Connecticut  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Pawcatuck River Basin in southwestern Rhode Island and southeastern Connecticut is an important high-quality water resource for domestic and public supplies, irrigation, recreation, and the aquatic ecosystem. Concerns about the effects of water withdrawals on aquatic habitat in the basin have prompted local, State, and Federal agencies to explore water-management strategies that minimize the effects of withdrawals on the aquatic habitat. As part of this process, the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service and the Rhode Island Water Resources Board completed a study to assess the effects of current (2000-04) and potential water withdrawals on streamflows and groundwater levels using hydrologic simulation models developed for the basin. The major findings of the model simulations are: *Moving highly variable seasonal irrigation withdrawals from streams to groundwater wells away from streams reduces short-term fluctuations in streamflow and increases streamflow in the summer when flows are lowest. This occurs because of the inherent time lag between when water is withdrawn from the aquifer and when it affects streamflow. *A pumped well in the vicinity of small streams indicates that if withdrawals exceed available streamflow, groundwater levels drop substantially as a consequence of water lost from aquifer storage, which may reduce the time wetlands and vernal pools are saturated, affecting the animal and plant life that depend on these habitats. *The effects of pumping on water resources such as ponds, streams, and wetlands can be minimized by relocating pumping wells, implementing seasonal pumping schemes that utilize different wells and pumping rates, or both. *The effects of projected land-use change, mostly from forest to low- and medium density housing, indicate only minor changes in streamflow at the subbasin scale examined; however, at a local scale, high flows could increase, and low flows could decrease as a result of increased impervious area. In some instances, low flows could increase slightly as a result of decreased evapotranspiration from the loss of deeprooted vegetation (forest) associated with development. *In some subbasins where large areas of agricultural lands were converted to low- and medium-density housing, low flows increase because the consumptive domestic water use was projected to be less than consumptive agricultural water use. All agricultural water use was for irrigation purposes and was assumed to be lost from the basin through evapotranspiration.

Breault, Robert F.; Zarriello, Phillip J.; Bent, Gardner C.; Masterson, John P.; Granato, Gregory E.; Scherer, J. Eric; Crawley, Kathleen M.

2009-01-01

164

Responding to opioid overdose in rhode island: where the medical community has gone and where we need to go.  

PubMed

The number of opioid overdose events in Rhode Island has increased dramatically/catastrophically in the last decade; Rhode Island now has one of the highest per capita overdose death rates in the country. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in the reduction of unintentional opioid overdose events. This article explores the medical community's response to the local opioid overdose epidemic and proposes strategies to create a more collaborative and comprehensive response. We emphasize the need for improvements in preventing, identifying and treating opioid addiction, providing overdose education and ensuring access to the rescue medicine naloxone. [Full text available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2014-10.asp, free with no login]. PMID:25271657

Green, Traci C; Bratberg, Jef; Dauria, Emily F; Rich, Josiah D

2014-01-01

165

Notes from the field: increase in fentanyl-related overdose deaths - Rhode Island, November 2013-March 2014.  

PubMed

During November 2013-March 2014, twice as many all-intent drug overdose deaths were reported in Rhode Island as were reported during the same period in previous years. Most deaths were among injection-drug users, and a large percentage involved fentanyl, a synthetic opioid that is 50-100 times more potent than morphine. Clusters of fentanyl-related deaths have been reported recently in several states. From April 2005 to March 2007, time-limited active surveillance from CDC and the Drug Enforcement Administration identified 1,013 deaths caused by illicit fentanyl use in New Jersey; Maryland; Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Acetyl fentanyl, an illegally produced fentanyl analog, caused a cluster of overdose deaths in northern Rhode Island in 2013. PMID:24941333

Mercado-Crespo, Melissa C; Sumner, Steven A; Spelke, M Bridget; Sugerman, David E; Stanley, Christina

2014-06-20

166

Using risk-based analysis and geographic information systems to assess flooding problems in an urban watershed in Rhode Island.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of the use of risk-based analysis (RBA) in flood damage assessment, and it illustrates the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in identifying flood-prone areas, which can aid in flood-mitigation planning assistance. We use RBA to calculate expected annual flood damages in an urban watershed in the state of Rhode Island, USA. The method accounts for the uncertainty in the three primary relationships used in computing flood damage: (1) the probability that a given flood will produce a given amount of floodwater, (2) the probability that a given amount of floodwater will reach a certain stage or height, and (3) the probability that a certain stage of floodwater will produce a given amount of damage. A greater than 50% increase in expected annual flood damage is estimated for the future if previous development patterns continue and flood-mitigation measures are not taken. GIS is then used to create a map that shows where and how often floods might occur in the future, which can help (1) identify priority areas for flood-mitigation planning assistance and (2) disseminate information to public officials and other decision-makers. PMID:17318700

Hardmeyer, Kent; Spencer, Michael A

2007-04-01

167

Integrated Assessment of Behavioral and Environmental Risk Factors for Lyme Disease Infection on Block Island, Rhode Island  

PubMed Central

Peridomestic exposure to Borrelia burgdorferi-infected Ixodes scapularis nymphs is considered the dominant means of infection with black-legged tick-borne pathogens in the eastern United States. Population level studies have detected a positive association between the density of infected nymphs and Lyme disease incidence. At a finer spatial scale within endemic communities, studies have focused on individual level risk behaviors, without accounting for differences in peridomestic nymphal density. This study simultaneously assessed the influence of peridomestic tick exposure risk and human behavior risk factors for Lyme disease infection on Block Island, Rhode Island. Tick exposure risk on Block Island properties was estimated using remotely sensed landscape metrics that strongly correlated with tick density at the individual property level. Behavioral risk factors and Lyme disease serology were assessed using a longitudinal serosurvey study. Significant factors associated with Lyme disease positive serology included one or more self-reported previous Lyme disease episodes, wearing protective clothing during outdoor activities, the average number of hours spent daily in tick habitat, the subject’s age and the density of shrub edges on the subject’s property. The best fit multivariate model included previous Lyme diagnoses and age. The strength of this association with previous Lyme disease suggests that the same sector of the population tends to be repeatedly infected. The second best multivariate model included a combination of environmental and behavioral factors, namely hours spent in vegetation, subject’s age, shrub edge density (increase risk) and wearing protective clothing (decrease risk). Our findings highlight the importance of concurrent evaluation of both environmental and behavioral factors to design interventions to reduce the risk of tick-borne infections. PMID:24416278

Krause, Peter J.; Niccolai, Linda; Steeves, Tanner; O'Keefe, Corrine Folsom; Diuk-Wasser, Maria A.

2014-01-01

168

The Changing Face of HIV in Pregnancy in Rhode Island 2004-2009  

PubMed Central

Meeting the needs of HIV-infected pregnant women requires understanding their backgrounds and potential barriers to care and safe pregnancy. Foreign-born women are more likely to have language, educational, and economic barriers to care, but may be even more likely to choose to keep a pregnancy. Data from HIV-infected pregnant women and their children in Rhode Island were analyzed to identify trends in demographics, viral control, terminations, miscarriages, timing of diagnosis, and adherence to followup. Between January 2004 and December 2009, 76 HIV-infected women became pregnant, with a total of 95 pregnancies. Seventy-nine percent of the women knew their HIV status prior to becoming pregnant. Fifty-four percent of the women were foreign-born and 38 percent of the 16 women who chose to terminate their pregnancies were foreign-born. While the number of HIV-infected women becoming pregnant has increased only slightly, the proportion that are foreign-born has been rising, from 41 percent between 2004 and 2005 to 57.5 percent between 2006 and 2009. A growing number of women are having multiple pregnancies after their HIV diagnosis, due to the strength of their desire for childbearing and the perception that HIV is a controllable illness that does not preclude the creation of a family. PMID:22778535

Firth, Jacqueline; Wang, Chia-Ching; Gillani, Fizza; Alexander, Nicole; Dufort, Elizabeth; Rana, Aadia; Cu-Uvin, Susan

2012-01-01

169

Marine ecological-risk assessment pilot study for Allen Harbor, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. Professional paper  

SciTech Connect

An ecological risk assessment framework was applied to characterize aquatic risks associated with hazardous waste disposal at Naval Construction Battalion Center (NCBC) Davisville, Rhode Island. An initial screening phase (I) assessed exposure and related that exposure to toxicological endpoints for bivalves, amphipods, sea urchins, and biomarker assays. Results showed little evidence of major contamination in sediments or tissues except for relatively high levels of polychlorinated biphenols (PBC), butyltins compounds (TBT), and fecal coliforms observed in Allen Harbor. Effects were detected in mussel physiology, sea urchin fertilization and development, biomarker responses, and soft shell clam histology. Possible sources of contamination and toxicity from the landfill leachate, surface runoff, and recreational boating were examined using a temporaland spatial sampling scheme. Chemical and toxicological information obtained implicated all three sources as affecting Allen Harbor water quality. Laboratory bioassays of landfill exposure media, employing a variety of marine species using acute and chronic endpoints, are being used to provide data for the development of an exposure-response model for risk to the marine environment. The model will define current risk and provide an interpretive framework for long-term monitoring.

Johnston, R.K.; Munns, W.R.; Mueller, C.; Nelson, W.G.; Pesch, G.G.

1992-01-01

170

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-one. Rhode Island  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Rhode Island governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

171

The effect of lake water quality and wind turbines on Rhode Island property sales price  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation uses the hedonic pricing model to study the impact of lake water quality and wind turbines on Rhode Island house sales prices. The first two manuscripts are on lake water quality and use RI house sales transactions from 1988--2012. The third studies wind turbines using RI house sales transactions from 2000--2013. The first study shows that good lake water quality increases lakefront property price premium. It also shows that environmental amenities, such as forests, substitute for lake amenity as the property's distance from the lake increases. The second lake water quality study incorporates time variables to examine how environmental amenity values change over time. The results show that property price premium associated with good lake water quality does not change as it is constant in proportion to housing prices with short term economic fluctuations. The third study shows that wind turbines have a negative and significant impact on housing prices. However, this is highly location specific and varies with neighborhood demographics. All three studies have policy implications which are discussed in detail in the manuscripts below.

Gorelick, Susan Shim

172

Distribution of Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae) in residential lawns on Prudence Island, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The distribution of nymphal Ixodes dammini Spielman, Clifford, Piesman & Corwin in residential lawns was assessed by flagging on Prudence Island, RI. The number of ticks per sample was five times greater in lawns adjacent to woods than in lawns adjacent to other lawns. Relative tick abundance was negatively correlated with distance from the woods, but the decline was gradual. Spirochete prevalence in ticks did not differ among lawn types or at different distances from the woods. Therefore, barriers that keep people away from the wood edge probably lower the risk of acquiring Lyme disease, but there is still a risk. Even with physical barriers at lawn-wood edges, personal precautions to prevent tick bites should be followed.

Carroll, M.C.; Ginsberg, H.S.; Hyland, K.E.

1992-01-01

173

78 FR 63435 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Rhode Island: Prevention of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Rhode...Management (RI DEM) Office of Air Resources, on January 18...Office of Ecosystem Protection, Air Permits, Toxics, and Indoor Programs Unit, 5 Post...

2013-10-24

174

Emergency department naloxone distribution: a rhode island department of health, recovery community, and emergency department partnership to reduce opioid overdose deaths.  

PubMed

In response to increasing rates of opioid overdose deaths in Rhode Island (RI), the RI Department of Health, RI emergency physicians, and Anchor Community Recovery Center designed an emergency department (ED) naloxone distribution and peer-recovery coach program for people at risk of opioid overdose. ED patients at risk for overdose are offered a take home naloxone kit, patient education video, and, when available, an Anchor peer recovery coach to provide recovery support and referral to treatment. In August 2014, the program launched at Kent, Miriam, and Rhode Island Hospital Emergency Departments. [Full text available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2014-10.asp, free with no login]. PMID:25271659

Samuels, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

175

Suicide Patterns and Association With Predictors Among Rhode Island Public High School Students: A Latent Class Analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We analyzed Rhode Island's 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data to investigate suicide patterns and their association with suicide risk predictors among public high school students. Methods. We used latent class regression analysis of Rhode Island's 2007 YRBS data (from a random sample of 2210 public high school students) to model latent classes of suicide risk and identify predictors of latent class membership. Results. Four latent classes of suicide risk were modeled and predictors were associated with each: class 1 (emotionally healthy, 74%); class 2 (considered and planned suicide, 14%) was associated with being female, having low grades, being gay/lesbian/bisexual/unsure, feeling unsafe at school, having experienced forced sexual intercourse, and self-perceived overweight; class 3 (attempted suicide, 6%) was associated with speaking a language other than English at home, being gay/lesbian/bisexual/unsure, feeling unsafe at school, and forced sexual intercourse; and class 4 (planned and attempted suicide, 6%) was associated with the previously mentioned predictors and with being in 9th or 10th grade and currently smoking. Conclusions. A single model characterized and quantified 4 patterns of suicide risk among adolescents and identified predictors for 3 at-risk classes. Interventions for high-risk youths may help prevent adolescent suicides. PMID:20634452

Perry, Donald Kent; Hesser, Jana Earl

2010-01-01

176

Building a Culture of Evidence: IR Support, Initiative & Leadership. Proceedings of the Annual NEAIR Conference (35th, Providence, Rhode Island, November 1-4, 2008)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The NEAIR 2008 Conference Proceedings is a compilation of papers presented at the Providence, Rhode Island, conference. Papers in this document include: (1) Assessing Institutional Effectiveness: The Mission Engagement Index as a Measure of Progress on Mission Goals (Ellen M. Boylan); (2) Building, Sustaining, and Developing Research University…

Thomas, Bonnie, Ed.

2008-01-01

177

The Economic Impact of Brown University on the City of Providence and on the State of Rhode Island. [1979-80].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of Brown University on the economic base of Providence, Rhode Island and on the state was studied. Data are based on 1978 university and public records and results of a 1976 university survey, adjusted by Consumer Price Indexes. A set of mathematical models was used to measure effects of the university on three major sections of the…

McEnany, Gina S.

178

Community Involvement in School Desegregation: the Story of the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. School/Providence, Rhode Island. A Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the successful planning, development, and operation of a desegregated public elementary school in Providence, Rhode Island. Planning involved school system personnel and all segments of an ethnically mixed community. Physical structure and operation of the school were determined in response to educational needs and desires…

Boardman, Richard P.

179

Applied Aerodynamics Conference and Exhibit, August 16-19, 2004, Providence, Rhode Island Case Studies in Aero-Structural Wing Planform and  

E-print Network

22nd Applied Aerodynamics Conference and Exhibit, August 16-19, 2004, Providence, Rhode Island Case the historical trend typically used in conceptual design. It also seeks to identify a discernable trend the accuracy required for the detailed design. With the advent of the digital computer and the development

Jameson, Antony

180

Maximum Stream Temperature Estimation from Air Temperature Data and its Relationship to Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) Habitat Requirements in Rhode Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review of critical maximum stream temperatures for brook trout was made. In addition, various stream temperature models were examined in order to assess their value. Analysis of annual local air temperature records indicated a significant increase of about 2.66 degrees centigrade in data from the Kingston, Rhode Island weather station. No significant changes in the ground water levels

S. Saila; M. Cheeseman; D. Poyer

181

Forty Years of Excellence and Beyond. Proceedings of the Annual North East Association for Institutional Research (NEAIR) Conference (40th, Newport, Rhode Island, November 9-12, 2013)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The NEAIR 2013 Conference Proceedings is a compilation of papers presented at the Newport, Rhode Island, conference. Papers in this document include: (1) Aspiring to the Role of "Data Badass:" Some Thoughts on the Political Context of IR (Mark Freeman); (2) Data-Driven Internal Benchmarks and Successful Learning Outcomes (Mamta Saxena…

Parker, Tiffany, Ed.

2013-01-01

182

ASM Materials Experience New England & ASM Materials Camp Boston 2012 Summary On May 7, 2012, the Boston, Central Massachusetts, Northern New England and Rhode Island  

E-print Network

ASM Materials Experience New England & ASM Materials Camp Boston 2012 Summary On May 7, 2012, the Boston, Central Massachusetts, Northern New England and Rhode Island chapters of ASM International hosted sophomores and juniors throughout New England, the camp demonstrated first-hand the interesting problems

Lin, Xi

183

Direct and correlated responses to divergent selection for residual food intake in Rhode Island Red laying hens.  

PubMed

1. Divergent selection was undertaken in a Rhode Island Red population for residual food intake, measured in males and females, using mass selection. 2. In the absence of a control line, selection response during 14 generations was estimated by the within-year divergence between lines. 3. The direct response in residual food intake was found to be significant in both sexes, the divergence reaching almost three phenotypic standard deviations in each sex. 4. Significant correlated responses were obtained for food efficiency; it was improved in the low residual food intake line. Shank length, wattle length and rectal and comb temperature showed higher values in the high line, suggesting an increased heat production or dissipation. Inconsistent changes were observed for other egg production traits. PMID:1393669

Bordas, A; Tixier-Boichard, M; Mérat, P

1992-09-01

184

Carabid beetle diversity and distribution in Boston Harbor Islands national park area (Coleoptera, Carabidae)  

PubMed Central

Abstract As part of an All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory in Boston Harbor Islands national park area, an inventory of carabid beetles on 13 islands was conducted. Intensive sampling on ten of the islands, using an assortment of passive traps and limited hand collecting, resulted in the capture of 6,194 specimens, comprising 128 species. Among these species were seven new state records for Massachusetts (Acupalpus nanellus, Amara aulica, Amara bifrons, Apenes lucidulus, Bradycellus tantillus, Harpalus rubripes and Laemostenus terricola terricola—the last also a new country record; in passing we report also new state records for Harpalus rubripes from New York and Pennsylvania, Amara ovata from Pennsylvania, and the first mainland New York records for Asaphidion curtum). For most islands, there was a clear relationship between species richness and island area. Two islands, however, Calf and Grape, had far more species than their relatively small size would predict. Freshwater marshes on these islands, along with a suite of hygrophilous species, suggested that habitat diversity plays an important role in island species richness. Introduced species (18) comprised 14.0% of the total observed species richness, compared to 5.5% (17 out of 306 species) documented for Rhode Island. We surmise that the higher proportion of introduced species on the islands is, in part, due to a higher proportion of disturbed and open habitats as well as high rates of human traffic. We predict that more active sampling in specialized habitats would bring the total carabid fauna of the Boston Harbor Islands closer to that of Rhode Island or eastern Massachusetts in richness and composition; however, isolation, human disturbance and traffic, and limited habitat diversity all contribute to reducing the species pool on the islands relative to that on the mainland. PMID:22371673

Davidson, Robert L.; Rykken, Jessica; Farrell, Brian

2011-01-01

185

Assessment of Habitat and Streamflow Requirements for Habitat Protection, Usquepaug-Queen River, Rhode Island, 1999-2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The relations among stream habitat and hydrologic conditions were investigated in the Usquepaug?Queen River Basin in southern Rhode Island. Habitats were assessed at 13 sites on the mainstem and tributaries from July 1999 to September 2000. Channel types are predominantly low-gradient glides, pools, and runs that have a sand and gravel streambed and a forest or shrub riparian zone. Along the stream margins,overhanging brush, undercut banks supported by roots, and downed trees create cover; within the channel, submerged aquatic vegetation and woody debris create cover. These habitat features decrease in quality and availability with declining streamflows, and features along stream margins generally become unavailable once streamflows drop to the point at which water recedes from the stream banks. Riffles are less common, but were identified as critical habitat areas because they are among the first to exhibit habitat losses or become unavailable during low-flow periods. Stream-temperature data were collected at eight sites during summer 2000 to indicate the suitability of those reaches for cold-water fish communities. Data indicate stream temperatures provide suitable habitat for cold-water species in the Fisherville and Locke Brook tributaries and in the mainstem Queen River downstream of the confluence with Fisherville Brook. Stream temperatures in the Usquepaug River downstream from Glen Rock Reservoir are about 6?F warmer than in the Queen River upstream from the impoundment. These warmer temperatures may make habitat in the Usquepaug River marginal for cold-water species. Fish-community composition was determined from samples collected at seven sites on tributaries and at three sites on the mainstem Usquepaug?Queen River. Classification of the fish into habitat-use groups and comparison to target fish communities developed for the Quinebaug and Ipswich Rivers indicated that the sampled reaches of the Usquepaug?Queen River contained most of the riverine fish species that would have been expected to occur in this area. Streamflow records from the gaging station Usquepaug River near Usquepaug were used to (1) determine streamflow requirements for habitat protection by use of the Tennant method, and (2) define a flow regime that mimics the river's natural flow regime by use of the Range of Variability Approach. The Tennant streamflow requirement, defined as 30 percent of the mean annual flow, was 0.64 cubic feet per second per square mile (ft3/s/mi2). This requirement should be considered an initial estimate because flows measured at the Usquepaug River gaging station are reduced by water withdrawals upstream from the gage. The streamflow requirements may need to be revised once a watershed-scale precipitationrunoff model of the Usquepaug River is complete and a simulation of streamflows without water withdrawals has been determined. Streamflow requirements for habitat protection were also determined at seven riffle sites by use of the Wetted-Perimeter and R2Cross methods. Two of these sites were on the mainstem Usquepaug River, one was on the mainstem Queen River, and four were on tributaries and the headwaters of the Queen River. Median streamflow requirements for habitat protection for these sites were 0.41 (ft3/s)/mi2, determined by the Wetted-Perimeter method and 0.72 ft3/s/mi2, determined by the R2Cross method.

Armstrong, David S.; Parker, Gene W.

2003-01-01

186

Assemblages of Dragonfly Species that Emerged from Small Wetlands Along an Urbanization Gradient Within the State of Rhode Island, from May to October 2004.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dragonfly exuviae were collected during six visits to 21 small wetlands, from mid-May through mid-October 2004. The 21 palustrine wetlands range from highly anthropogenic sites in greater Providence, to small, natural ponds in rural Rhode Island. Exuviae were identified to species in the laboratory. Dragonfly communities are analyzed for assemblage patterns. Land-use in surrounding wetland buffers, along with water quality measurements, are evaluated for landscape and environmental factors which affect species distributions.

Aliberti, M. A.

2005-05-01

187

The Rhode Island ICU collaborative: a model for reducing central line-associated bloodstream infection and ventilator-associated pneumonia statewide  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundImplementing bundles of best practices has been shown to provide patients with recommended care and reduce medical errors. Rhode Island's (RI) hospital leaders, quality organisations and insurers discussed the results of a quality improvement initiative in Michigan, the Keystone project, and explored the possibility of replicating these results statewide in RI.DesignHospital executives and intensive care unit (ICU) staff, RI's quality

Vera A DePalo; Lynn McNicoll; Margaret Cornell; Jean Marie Rocha; Laura Adams; Peter J Pronovost

2010-01-01

188

Low-temperature water-rock interactions in bedrock aquifers of southern Rhode Island: Results of laboratory simulations  

SciTech Connect

The nature of low-temperature chemical reactions occurring in bedrock aquifers of southern Rhode Island was investigated in the laboratory using flow-through columns. Crushed samples of Narragansett Pier Granite (NPG), Scituate Granite Gneiss (SGG), Hope Valley Alaskite Gneiss (HVAG) and Ten Rod Granite Gneiss (TRGG) were placed in flow-through columns. Water was circulated through the columns at a 3 ml/min and maintained at 25 C and at equilibrium with atmospheric carbon dioxide. Samples were collected from the columns at increasing time intervals and were analyzed for pH, conductivity, major cations and anions, and silica. The leachate compositions show that distinctive chemical differences can be expected in ground water that flows through each of these different rock types. Chemical modeling of the leachate solutions shows that reactions involving plagioclase feldspar (albiteoligoclase), reactive accessory minerals such as sphene, and, to a lesser degree, potassium feldspar and biotite, dominate the solution chemistry, with amorphous oxides and aluminosilicates formed as products of the weathering reactions. Small concentrations of reactive minerals may profoundly affect the composition of the leachate. Batch experiments using mineral separates revealed that the calcium in the NPG leachate was almost entirely attributable to sphene which comprises less than 1% of the rock.

Veeger, A.I.; Moulton, K.L. (Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1993-03-01

189

Patterns of trauma induced by motorboat and ferry propellers as illustrated by three known cases from Rhode Island.  

PubMed

Understanding patterns of trauma is important to determining cause and manner of death. A thorough evaluation of taphonomy, trauma, and bone fracture mechanisms is necessary to reconstruct the circumstances of the death. This study examines the skeletal trauma caused by boat propeller strikes in terms of wound characteristics and location based on three cases from Rhode Island. These case studies review the traumatic characteristics caused by propeller injuries and highlight the anatomic regions most likely to sustain skeletal trauma. With this information, investigators may be able to identify propeller trauma even in severely decomposed remains. The discussion of boat propeller trauma also raises issues regarding how forensic anthropologists and forensic pathologists classify trauma (specifically blunt force vs. sharp) and highlights semantic issues arising in trauma classification. The study also discusses why these propeller cases should be classified as blunt trauma rather than sharp or chop/hack trauma. Ultimately, the authors urge consistency and communication between pathologist and forensic anthropologists performing trauma analyses. PMID:22583137

Semeraro, Dominique; Passalacqua, Nicholas V; Symes, Steven; Gilson, Thomas

2012-11-01

190

33 CFR 165.121 - Safety and Security Zones: High Interest Vessels, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS Specific Regulated Navigation Areas and Limited Access Areas First Coast Guard District § 165.121...

2010-07-01

191

33 CFR 165.121 - Safety and Security Zones: High Interest Vessels, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS Specific Regulated Navigation Areas and Limited Access Areas First Coast Guard District § 165.121...

2011-07-01

192

Field verification program for small wind turbines, Block Island, Rhode Island. Quarterly report for the period October to December 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposal is to install and monitor five 10-kW residential wind turbines on 25-meter towers on Block Island, which has excellent wind resources and high electricity costs. The harsh environment will provide an opportunity for accelerated reliability testing of an enhanced wind turbine and other equipment.

Henry G. duPont

2000-01-01

193

Elevation of the March-April 2010 flood high water in selected river reaches in Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A series of widespread, large, low-pressure systems in southern New England in late February through late March 2010 resulted in record, or near record, rainfall and runoff. The total rainfall in the region during this period ranged from about 19 to 25 inches, which coupled with seasonal low evaporation, resulted in record or near record peak flows at 21 of 25 streamgages in Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts. The highest record peaks occurred in late March-early April and generally greatly exceeded the earlier March peaks that were near or exceeded the peak of record for 10 of the 25 streamgages. Determination of the flood-peak high-water elevation is a critical part of the recovery operations and post-flood analysis for improving future flood-hazard maps and flood-management practices. High-water marks (HWMs) were identified by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from April 2-7, 2010, and by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) from April 3-7, 2010, in five major river basins including the Blackstone, Hunt, Moshassuck, Pawtuxet, and Woonasquatucket along the mainstems and in many tributaries. The USGS identified 276 HWMs at 137 sites. A site may have more than one HWM, typically upstream and downstream of a bridge. The USACE identified 144 HWMs at 127 sites. The HWMs identified by the USGS and USACE covered about 170 river miles, determined from the upstream and downstream HWMs. Elevation of HWMs were later determined to a standard vertical datum (NAVD 88) using the Global Navigation Satellite System and survey-grade Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers along with standard optical surveying equipment.

Zarriello, Phillip J.; Bent, Gardner C.

2011-01-01

194

Preliminary study of sources and processes of enrichment of manganese in water from University of Rhode Island supply wells  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Concentrations of dissolved manganese have increased from 0.0 to as much as 3.3 mg/liter over a period of years in closely spaced University of Rhode Island supply wells. The wells tap stratified glacial deposits and derive part of their water from infiltration from a nearby river-pond system. The principal sources of the manganese seem to be coatings of oxides and other forms of manganese on granular aquifer materials and organic-rich sediments on the bottom of the pond and river. Chemical analyses of water from an observation well screened from 3 to 5 feet below the pond bottom indicate that infiltration of water through organic-rich sediments on the pond bottom is the likely cause of manganese enrichment in the well supplies. After passing through the organic layer, the water contains concentrations of manganese as high as 1.2 mg/liter. Manganese in water in concentrations that do not cause unpleasant taste is not regarded to be toxicologically significant. However, concentrations in excess of a few tenths of a milligram per liter are undesirable in public supplies and in many industrial supplies. Brown and others (21970) note that waters containing manganese in concentrations less than 0.1 mg/liter seldom prove troublesome, but that those containing more than 0.5 mg/liter may form objectionable deposits on cooked food, laundry, and plumbing fixtures. The U.S. Public health Service (1962) recommends that the concentrations of manganese in drinking and culinary water not exceed 0.05 mg/liter. (Woodard-USGS)

Silvey, William Dudley; Johnston, Herbert E.

1977-01-01

195

Using Disability-Adjusted Life Years to Assess the Burden of Disease and Injury in Rhode Island  

PubMed Central

Objectives Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) measure the burden of disease and injury in a population. We tested the feasibility of calculating DALYs to assess the burden of disease and injury in Rhode Island (RI). Methods We computed DALYs for the 2008 RI population using methods developed by the World Health Organization, Harvard University, and the World Bank. DALYs are a composite measure that sum years of life lost (YLLs) due to premature mortality with years lived with disability (YLDs). We calculated crude mortality, YLLs, YLDs, and DALYs for 90 major health conditions for RI and stratified them by gender and age. Calculations for YLLs and YLDs were based on five-year averages. We compared our results with U.S. and Los Angeles County, California, estimates. Results A DALYs ranking produces a different picture of RI's disease and injury burden than does mortality-based ranking. Of 90 major health conditions assessed for RI, six of the top 10 causes for mortality and DALYs were the same, but were ranked differently: ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, Alzheimer dementia and other dementias, trachea/bronchus/lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus. These six conditions accounted for 59% of deaths but only 35% of DALYs. Causes and rank orders for DALYs differed between males and females and among age groups. Conclusions Including nonfatal health conditions in an assessment of population health provides a different picture than traditional mortality-based assessments. This study demonstrates the feasibility and constraints of using DALYs to assess the burden of disease and injury at the state level. PMID:22547860

Jiang, Yongwen; Hesser, Jana Earl

2012-01-01

196

The nutritional effect of Moringa oleifera fresh leaves as feed supplement on Rhode Island Red hen egg production and quality.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the potential of Moringa oleifera fresh leaves (MOL) as feed supplement on the performance and egg quality of Rhode Island Red (RIR) hens under the tropical conditions of Yucatan, Mexico. Forty-eight RIR hens were allocated in 12 floor pen replicates each with four birds. Thereafter, the replicates were divided into three groups which were corresponded to ad libitum feed (control), ad libitum feed supplemented with MOL T1 (AL + MOL) and restricted feed amount (20% lower than control) with MOL T2 (RCD + MOL), respectively. T1 (AL + MOL) had higher egg laying rate (71.4% versus 66.6%), higher daily egg mass production (45.4 versus 41.9 g/day), lower feed intake (121.3 versus 127.5 g/day) and better feed conversion ratio (2.8 versus 3.2 g feed:g egg) versus control. T2 / (RCD + MOL) had lower values of body weight, egg laying rate, egg weight and egg mass, and recorded better feed conversion ratio than the control group. The control group recorded a higher percentage of pecked eggs versus T1 and T2 (6.5% versus 1.2% and 2.0 %). Similar intake of MOL (3.1 and 3.4 g DM/day) was recorded in T1 (AL + MOL) and T2 (RCD + MOL). Yolk color was improved significantly in T1 (AL + MOL) than both control and T2 (RCD + MOL), while T2 (RCD + MOL) had eggs with lower yolk and higher albumen percentages than the other two ad libitum groups. The results suggest that MOL could be used successfully as sustainable tropical feed resource for RIR hens. PMID:22207478

Abou-Elezz Fouad Mohammed, Khaled; Sarmiento-Franco, Luis; Santos-Ricalde, Ronald; Solorio-Sanchez, Javier Francisco

2012-06-01

197

Improving size, lymph node metastatic rate, breast conservation, and mortality of invasive breast cancer in Rhode Island women, a well-screened population.  

PubMed

The beneficial impact of screening mammography on breast cancer outcome continues to be debated as demonstrated by guidelines published by the United States Preventive Services Task Force. A previous report from Rhode Island, which has a very high rate of mammographic screening, demonstrated significant improvements in invasive breast cancer presentation and mortality through 2001. This report updates data through 2008 to determine whether previous favorable trends continued. Rhode Island Cancer Registry data regarding invasive breast cancer presentation and mortality in 17,522 female residents diagnosed between 1987 and 2008, inclusive, were analyzed for demographic and pathological factors. Data were analyzed by four time periods: 1987-1992, 1993-1998, 1999-2003, and 2004-2008 and overall. Statistically significant improvements occurred over the four successive time periods, in mean cancer size (23.7, 20.9, 19.6, and 19.3 mm, p < 0.0001), pathologic grade (Grade I: 12, 15, 19, and 17 %; Grade III 57, 41, 36, and 35 %, p < 0.0001), breast conserving surgery (38, 56, 67, and 71 %, p < 0.0001) and mortality (37.3, 31.4, 25.1, and 22.6 per 100,000/year, p < 0.0001). The results showed that high screening rates favorably impacted presentation of and mortality from invasive breast cancer in Rhode Island. From 1987 to 2008, there has been a 39 % decline in breast cancer mortality considering 5 year periods (37.3 vs. 22.6 deaths per 100,000) and 41 % comparing the period from 1990 to 2008, which may exceed the goal of 50 % mortality reduction by 2015 established by the American Cancer Society. PMID:22933028

Coburn, Natalie G; Cady, Blake; Fulton, John P; Law, Calvin; Chung, Maureen A

2012-10-01

198

STRATEGIES FOR PROTECTING AND RESTORING RHODE ISLAND'S WATERSHEDS ON MULTIPLE SCALES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Clean Water Act has traditionally preserved the quality and quantity of a region's water by focusing resources on areas with known or anticipated problems. USEPA Region 1 is taking the supplemental, longer-range approach of protecting areas of New England where natural resour...

199

Reproductive success and heavy metal contamination in Rhode Island common terns  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Common tern (Sterna hirundinae ) clutch size, reproductive success and growth of young recorded from an abandoned barge on the Providence River, an area of heavy metal contamination, were equal to, or greater than, from less contaminated areas. Concentrations of copper and zinc were higher in livers of nestling terns from the Providence River than from other, less contaminated, areas. However, concentrations of magnesium, manganese, and iron and the frequency of nickel were equal, or lower, at Providence than other, less contaminated, locations. Among-colony trends in residues of copper, zinc and nickel in prey samples were similar to trends found in nestling livers. Uric acid concentrations in nestling blood were twice as high in the Providence River than another colony and may have resulted from moderate levels of chromium in the diet.

Custer, T.W.; Franson, J.C.; Moore, J.F.

1986-01-01

200

Reproductive success and heavy metal contamination in Rhode Island common terns  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Common tern cIutch size, reproductive success and growth of young recorded from an abandoned barge on the Providence River, an area of heavy metal contamination, were equal to, or greater than, .from less contaminated areas. Concentrations of copper and zinc were higher in livers of nestling terns from the Providence River than from other, less contaminated, areas. However, concentrations of magnesium, manganese, and iron and the frequency of nickel were equal, or lower, at Providence than other, less contaminated, locations. Among-colony trends in residues of copper, zinc and nickel in prey samples were similar to trends .found in nestling livers. Uric acid concentrations in nestling blood were twice as high in the Providence River than another colony and may have resulted from moderate levels of chromium in the diet.

Custer, T.W.; Franson, J.C.; Moore, J.F.; Myers, J.E.

1986-01-01

201

ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION AND PROTECTION STRATEGIES AT MULTIPLE SCALES IN RHODE ISLAND WATERSHEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Public concerns for the environment are often the basis for environmental regulations. The Clean Water Act seeks to ensure that water quality and quantity fully support aquatic life and human health. The legislative requirements help focus limited resources on areas where problem...

202

Harvesting Rock and Jonah Crabs in Rhode Island: Some Technical and Economic Aspects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A significant increase in fishing effort between Nova Scotia and Cape Hatteras over the last decade had led to a major decline in the stocks of the traditional species of fish and shellfish harvest in that area. Total fishing effort in New England waters ...

A. Marchant, A. Holmsen

1975-01-01

203

Strategies for Success of Women Faculty in Science: The ADVANCE Program at the University of Rhode Island  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF-funded ADVANCE program seeks to increase the recruitment and retention of women faculty in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines as part of a national goal of creating a broad-based scientific workforce able to effectively address societal demands. The University of Rhode Island, a recipient of an Institutional Transformation ADVANCE grant in 2003, has begun a campus-wide initiative. The 5 goals are (1) to increase the numbers of women STEM faculty, (2) to provide faculty development opportunities, (3) to improve networks of professional and social support, (4) to assess the academic work environment for all faculty, and (5) to implement long-term changes throughout the university that promote a supportive work environment for women STEM faculty. Accomplishments during the first year include (1) hiring several ADVANCE Assistant Professors, (2) developing workshops on critical skills for junior faculty (grant writing, negotiations, mentoring), (3) initiating a series of lunch meetings where pertinent topical and work-family issues are discussed informally, (4) awarding small Incentive grants for research and other projects that enhance the careers of women STEM faculty, (5) developing and modifying university policies on family leave and dual career couple recruitment, (6) developing and implementing quantitative and qualitative assessment tools for baseline and ongoing campus-wide work climate surveys within the context of a theoretical model for change, and (7) offering directed self-study workshops for entire departments using a trained facilitator. The ADVANCE Assistant Professor position, unique to URI's program, allows a new hire to spend the first 2-3 years developing a research program without teaching obligations. ADVANCE pays their salary during this time, at which point they transition to a regular faculty position. During this first of five years of NSF funding, the ADVANCE program has been met with campus wide enthusiasm and interest from both faculty and administration. Further, the program has the potential for invigorating not only STEM departments, but also the wider university, in offering innovative and engaging workshops and policies, as well as providing an opportunity for ongoing self-study through bi-annual surveys across the university.

Wishner, K.; Silver, B.; Boudreaux-Bartels, F.; Harlow, L.; Knickle, H.; Mederer, H.; Peckham, J.; Roheim, C.; Trubatch, J.; Webster, K.

2004-12-01

204

Natural and human causes of a flash flood in a small catchment (Rhodes Island, Greece) based on atmospheric forcing and runoff modeling techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the natural (hydro-meteorological and geomorphological) and human induced factors responsible for a flash flood event that occurred on November 22nd, 2013 in a small ungauged catchment (covering an area of about 24km2) of Rhodes Island, Greece. The flash flooding killed four people and caused over â¬10 million worth of damages located mainly around the Kremasti village. In this study the reconstruction of this extreme hydro-meteorological event is attempted by using detailed spatiotemporal rainfall information, a physically based hydrological model (LISEM) and the 1D hydraulic model HEC-RAS. Furthermore, the human impacts, which are responsible for extreme flood discharge within the drainage basin, are recorded and mapped. The major meteorological feature of this event is associated with the passage of a cold front over SE Aegean Sea. The destructive flash flood was triggered by the extreme precipitation (almost 100 mm in 4 hours was recorded at the meteorological stations closest to the flooded area). An advanced nowcasting method is applied in order to provide high spatiotemporal distribution of the precipitation over the catchment area. OpenLisem (Limbourg Soil Erosion Model) is used as a runoff model for exploring the response of the catchment. It is a freeware raster model (based on PCRaster) that simulates the surface water and sediment balance for every gridcell. It is event based and has fine spatial and temporal resolution. The model is designed to simulate the effects of detailed land use changes or conservation measures on runoff, flooding and erosion during heavy rainstorms. Since OpenLISEM provides a detailed simulation of runoff processes, it is very demanding on input data (it requires a minimum of 24 maps depending on the input options). The PCRaster GIS functionality was used to derive the necessary data from the basic maps (DEM, land unit map and map of impermeable areas). The sources for the basic maps include geological, hydrogeological, and land-cover maps, as well as recent detailed orthophotomaps. After the hydrograph was derived from OpenLISEM, the HEC-RAS hydraulic model is employed in order to route it through the Kremasti stream channel. This procedure served as a model validation since it provided the ability to compare the models' results against the 'high water' marks on the bridge and discuss issues such as surface roughness coefficient.

Karalis, Sotirios; Katsafados, Petros; Karymbalis, Efthimios; Tsanakas, Konstantinos; Valkanou, Kanella

2014-05-01

205

RHODE ISLAND SSURGO SOILS  

EPA Science Inventory

This data set is a digital soil survey and is the most detailed level of soil geographic data developed by the National Cooperative Soil Survey. The information was collected by digitizing maps, by compiling information onto a planimetric correct base and digitizing, or by revis...

206

The 18th and Rhode Island Garden in San Francisco's Potrero Hill neighborhood and other urban farms could benefit from the new law. Urban Farming Law Breaks New Ground  

E-print Network

The 18th and Rhode Island Garden in San Francisco's Potrero Hill neighborhood and other urban farms could benefit from the new law. Urban Farming Law Breaks New Ground S MALL-SCALE URBAN FARMING could soon experience a growth spurt in California. The Urban Agriculture Incentive Zones Act, which takes

Handy, Susan L.

207

Timing of Late Pliocene to Middle Pleistocene tectonic events in Rhodes (Greece) inferred from magneto-biostratigraphy and  

E-print Network

; Pliocene; Pleistocene; Rhodes; Greece; Mediterranean Sea 1. Introduction The island of Rhodes (Greece­Middle Pleisto- cene deposits of northeastern Rhodes is still poorly understood, mainly because of a lack

Utrecht, Universiteit

208

Simulation of Hydrologic-System Responses to Ground-Water Withdrawals in the Hunt-Annaquatucket-Pettaquamscutt Stream-Aquifer System, Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A numerical-modeling study was done to better understand hydrologic-system responses to ground-water withdrawals in the Hunt-Annaquatucket-Pettaquamscutt (HAP) stream-aquifer system of Rhode Island. System responses were determined by use of steady-state and transient numerical ground-water-flow models. These models were initially developed in the late 1990s as part of a larger study of the stream-aquifer system. The models were modified to incorporate new data made available since the original study and to meet the objectives of this study. Changes made to the models did not result in substantial changes to simulated ground-water levels, hydrologic budgets, or streamflows compared to those calculated by the original steady-state and transient models. Responses of the hydrologic system are described primarily by changes in simulated streamflows and ground-water levels throughout the basin and by changes to flow conditions in the aquifer in three wetland areas immediately east of the Lafayette State Fish Hatchery, which lies within the Annaquatucket River Basin in the town of North Kingstown. Ground water is withdrawn from the HAP aquifer at 14 large-capacity production wells, at an industrial well, and at 3 wells operated by the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management at the fish hatchery. A fourth well has been proposed for the hatchery and an additional production well is under development by the town of North Kingstown. The primary streams of interest in the study area are the Hunt, Annaquatucket, and Pettaquamscutt Rivers and Queens Fort Brook. Total model-calculated streamflow depletions in these rivers and brook resulting from withdrawals at the production, industrial, and fish-hatchery wells pumping at average annual 2003 rates are about 4.8 cubic feet per second (ft3/s) for the Hunt River, 3.3 ft3/s for the Annaquatucket River, 0.5 ft3/s for the Pettaquamscutt River, and 0.5 ft3/s for Queens Fort Brook. The actual amount of streamflow reduction in the Annaquatucket River caused by pumping actually is less, 1.1 ft3/s, because ground water that is pumped at the fish-hatchery wells (2.2 ft3/s) is returned to the Annaquatucket River after use at the hatchery. One of the primary goals of the study was to evaluate the response of the hydrologic system to simulated withdrawals at the proposed well at the fish hatchery. Withdrawal rates at the proposed well would range from zero during April through September of each year to a maximum of 260 gallons per minute [about 0.4 million gallons per day (Mgal/d)] in March of each year. The average annual withdrawal rate at the fish hatchery resulting from the addition of the proposed well would increase by only 0.13 ft3/s, or about 5 percent of the 2003 withdrawal rate. The increased pumping rate at the hatchery would further reduce the average annual flow in Queens Fort Brook by less than 0.05 ft3/s and in the Annaquatucket River by about 0.1 ft3/s (which includes some model error). A new production well in the Annaquatucket River Basin is under development by the town of North Kingstown. A simulated pumping rate of 1.0 Mgal/d (1.6 ft3/s) at this new well resulted in additional streamflow depletions, compared to those calculated for the 2003 withdrawal conditions, of 0.8 and 0.2 ft3/s in the Annaquatucket and Pettaquamscutt Rivers, respectively. The source of water for about 30 percent of the well's pumping rate, or about 0.5 ft3/s, is derived from ground-water inflow from the Chipuxet River Basin across a natural ground-water drainage divide that separates the Annaquatucket and Chipuxet River Basins; the remaining 0.1 ft3/s of simulated pumping consists of reduced evapotranspiration from the water table. Model-calculated changes in water levels in the aquifer for the various withdrawal conditions simulated in this study indicate that ground-water-level declines caused by pumping are generally less than 5 feet (ft). However, ground-water-level declines of as

Barlow, Paul M.; Ostiguy, Lance J.

2007-01-01

209

Long-term monitoring of the Rhode Island shoreline: Understanding beach cycles, headland and barrier change, and the effects of accelerated sea-level rise  

SciTech Connect

The 33 km long microtidal shoreline of southern Rhode Island is a natural shoreline laboratory that is being used to track the effects of storm-fairweather cycles and extreme storm events, and to model the effects of accelerated sea-level rise due to global warming on barriers and headlands. Thirty years of beach profile monitoring (10 stations) indicates seasonality at some stations, mixed on-off seasonality at some stations, mixed on-off seasonality at others, and five and ten year patterns of variation at most locations. The last ten year cycle reached peak accretion in 1988 with berm widening, eolian dune deposition, and the development of a temporary storage feature termed the backshore reservoir. Most beaches and associated barrier or headland cores have had a net loss of sediment since 1988, with erosion and removal of backshore reservoir material. Mapping from vertical aerial photos indicates that erosional retreat of barriers ranges from 0.4--1.0 m[center dot]yr[sup [minus]1] (1939--85), and headlands from 0.2--0.9 m[center dot]yr[sup [minus]1], accomplished during sou'easter storm cycles and major hurricanes. Field mapping of barrier and headland changes after storm events (5--20 year storms) indicates that frontal erosion combined with washover sand accumulation have been underestimated as agents of change, particularly on headlands. The authors have modified the standard FEMA/NAS storm erosion configuration to better forward-model the effects on the shoreline resulting from projected sea-level rise due to global warming. They presently use an isostatic subsidence of 15 cm [center dot] 100 yr[sup [minus]1] based on Newport, RI gauge records, and accelerated eustatic sea-level rise based on IPCC (1990) predictions that give 1.0--1.45 m rise by 2,100.

Boothroyd, J.C. (Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (United States). Dept. of Geology); Galagan, C.W. (Applied Science Associates, Inc., Narragansett, RI (United States)); Newcomer, D.E. (Baker Environmental, Princeton, NJ (United States)); Graves, S.M. (The Earth Time Project, Ketchum, ID (United States))

1993-03-01

210

Restricted maximum likelihood estimates of genetic parameters of adult male and female Rhode Island red chickens divergently selected for residual feed consumption.  

PubMed

In adult chickens, feed intake can be predicted by multiple linear regression from body weight, change in body weight during the recording period (for males and females), and egg mass (for females). Residual feed consumption (RFC) is estimated by the deviation of observed from predicted values for feed intake. A divergent selection experiment has been conducted since 1975 in a Rhode Island Red population. Each sex was selected on the basis of its own RFC, Line R+ for high values of RFC and Line R- for low values. In addition to the traits measured to obtain RFC, egg production traits and body measurements (BM) have been recorded, including wattle length, shank length, and rectal temperature. After pooling data from the two lines and the base population, the data set included 1,064 males, each with 7 variables, and 3,780 females, each with 11 variables. Genetic parameters were estimated by a multivariate derivative-free-restricted maximum likelihood procedure, which yields estimates free of bias due to selection and inbreeding. The RFC appeared to be moderately heritable in males (h2 = .33) and in females (h2 = .27) and poorly correlated between sexes, with a genetic correlation of .19 between RFC in males (RFCm) and in females (RFCf). The RFCm and RFCf were weakly correlated with egg production traits. Significant, positive correlations were found between RFCm and the BM traits that were related to heat dissipation. Correlations between feed intake, body weight, and BM traits recorded in males or in females were always < 1, except for shank length.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7479501

Tixier-Boichard, M; Boichard, D; Groeneveld, E; Bordas, A

1995-08-01

211

Distribution of selected volatile organic compounds determined with water-to-vapor diffusion samplers at the interface between ground water and surface water, Centredale Manor site, North Providence, Rhode Island, September 1999  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Volatile organic compounds are present in soils and ground water at the Centredale Manor Superfund Site in North Providence, Rhode Island. In September 1999, water-to-vapor diffusion samplers were placed in the bottom sediments of waterways adjacent to the site to identify possible contaminated ground-water discharge areas. The approximate12-acre site is a narrow stretch of land between the eastern bank of the Woonasquatucket River, downstream from the U.S. Route 44 bridge and a former mill raceway. The samplers were placed along a 2,250-foot reach of the Woonasquatucket River, in the former mill raceway several hundred feet to the east and parallel to the river, and in a cross channel between the river and former mill raceway. Volatile organic compounds were detected in 84 of the 104 water-to-vapor diffusion samplers retrieved. Trichloroethylene and tetrachloro-ethylene were the principal volatile organic compounds detected. The highest vapor concentrations measured for these two chemicals were from diffusion samplers located along an approximate 100-foot reach of the Woonasquatucket River about 500 feet downstream of the bridge; here trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene vapor concentrations ranged from about 2,000 to 180,000 and 1,600 to 1,400,000 parts per billion by volume, respectively. Upstream and downstream from this reach and along the former mill raceway, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene vapor concentrations from the diffusion samples were generally less than 100 parts per billion by volume. Along the lower reaches of the river and mill raceway, however, and in the cross channel, vapor concentrations of trichloroethylene exceeded 100 parts per billion by volume and tetrachloroethylene exceeded 1,000 parts per billion by volume in several diffusion samples. Although diffusion sample vapor concentrations are higher than water concentrations in surface waters and in ground water, and they should only be interpreted qualitatively as relative values, these values provide important information as to potential discharge areas of contaminants.

Church, Peter E.; Lyford, Forest P.; Clifford, Scott

2000-01-01

212

Health assessment for Landfill and Resource Recovery (L and RR) National Priorities List (NPL) Site, North Smithfield, Providence County, Rhode Island, Region 1. CERCLIS No. RID093212439. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Landfill and Resource Recovery (L RR) National Priorities List (NPL) site is a closed 28-acre landfill in North Smithfield, Providence County, Rhode Island. The L RR site is of public health concern because of the risk to human health resulting from probable exposure to hazardous substances at concentrations that may result in adverse human health effects. The contaminants of concern associated with this site are several volatile organic compounds (VOC's) such as trichloroethylene (TCE) and benzene, and metals, including lead and arsenic, present in groundwater, soil, surface water, and air.

Not Available

1989-04-14

213

Miocene structure of Mustang Island, Mustang Island East Addition and part of Matagorda Island, Outer Continental Shelf areas, Gulf of Mexico  

E-print Network

MIOCENE STRUCTURE OF MUSTANG ISLAND, MUSTANG ISLAND EAST ADDITION AND PART OF MATAGORDA ISLAND, OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF AREAS, GULF OF MEXICO A Thesis by ROBERT KASANDE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AdtM University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1995 Major Subject: Geophysics MIOCENE STRUCTURE OF MUSTANG ISLAND, MUSTANG ISLAND EAST ADDITION AND PART OF MATAGORDA ISLAND, OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF AREAS, GULF...

Kasande, Robert

2012-06-07

214

Species interactions-area relationships: biological invasions and network structure in relation to island area  

PubMed Central

The relationship between species number and island area is a fundamental rule in ecology. However, the extent to which interactions with exotic species and how the structure of species interactions is related to island area remain unexplored. Here, I document the relationship between island area and (i) interactions with exotic species and (ii) network structure of species interactions in the context of mutualistic interactions between ants and extrafloral nectary-bearing plants on the oceanic Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, Japan. Pooled data contained 122 interactions among 19 plant (including five exotic) and 23 ant (including 20 exotic) species. Of the observed interactions, 82.8 per cent involved at least one exotic species, ranging from 68.2 to 86.4 per cent among islands. The number of links including exotic species increased in proportion to island area, although the number of links excluding exotic species did not. These results indicate that the number of interactions with exotic species increased in proportion to island area. Connectance, or the proportion of interactions actually observed among all possible interactions, decreased with island area. Nestedness, an asymmetry index in the species interaction network, also decreased with island area. Therefore, island area affects both the number of interactions with exotic species and the network structure. PMID:20147330

Sugiura, Shinji

2010-01-01

215

General Achievement Trends: Rhode Island  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This general achievement trends profile includes information that the Center on Education Policy (CEP) and the Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) obtained from states from fall 2008 through April 2009. Included herein are: (1) Bullet points summarizing key findings about achievement trends in that state at three performance…

Center on Education Policy, 2009

2009-01-01

216

WHAT'S NEWS @ Rhode Island College  

E-print Network

to Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic king and queen, mak- ing Spain an entirely Catholic country. By living to. First was the siesta. Every- thing, with the exception of restaurants, was closed every day from

Rhode Island, University of

217

Rhode Island After 3PM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each afternoon across the U.S., 15 million children--more than a quarter of children--are alone and unsupervised after school. The parents of 18 million would enroll their children in an afterschool program, if one were available. These are some of the key findings from the nation's most in-depth study of how America's children spend their…

Afterschool Alliance, 2009

2009-01-01

218

33 CFR 334.938 - Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California; restricted area. 334.938 Section 334.938 Navigation...Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California; restricted area. (a) The area. The waters...

2011-07-01

219

33 CFR 334.938 - Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California; restricted area. 334.938 Section 334.938 Navigation...Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California; restricted area. (a) The area. The waters...

2012-07-01

220

33 CFR 165.153 - Regulated Navigation Area: Long Island Sound Marine Inspection and Captain of the Port Zone.  

...false Regulated Navigation Area: Long Island Sound Marine Inspection and Captain of...153 Regulated Navigation Area: Long Island Sound Marine Inspection and Captain of...Area location. All waters of the Long Island Sound Marine Inspection and...

2014-07-01

221

THE RISK TO DUGONGS OF VESSEL STRIKE IN THE SOUTHERN BAY ISLANDS AREA OF  

E-print Network

THE RISK TO DUGONGS OF VESSEL STRIKE IN THE SOUTHERN BAY ISLANDS AREA OF MORETON BAY Rachel A.................................................................................................................... 21 2 #12;EXECUTIVE SUMMARY · The Southern Bay Island area of Moreton Bay is a `hot the Southern Bay Islands with a view to assessing the sustainability of the level of mortality caused by boat

Marsh, Helene

222

Geology and geochemistry of the Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska  

SciTech Connect

The Geyser Bight geothermal area is located on Umnak Island in the central Aleutian Islands. It contains one of the hottest and most extensive areas of thermal springs and fumaroles in Alaska, and is only documented site in Alaska with geysers. The zone of hot springs and fumaroles lies at the head of Geyser Creek, 5 km up a broad, flat, alluvial valley from Geyser Bight. At present central Umnak is remote and undeveloped. This report describes results of a combined program of geologic mapping, K-Ar dating, detailed description of hot springs, petrology and geochemistry of volcanic and plutonic rock units, and chemistry of geothermal fluids. Our mapping documents the presence of plutonic rock much closer to the area of hotsprings and fumaroles than previously known, thus increasing the probability that plutonic rock may host the geothermal system. K-Ar dating of 23 samples provides a time framework for the eruptive history of volcanic rocks as well as a plutonic cooling age.

Nye, C.J. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst. Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairbanks, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Motyka, R.J. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Juneau, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Turner, D.L. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst.); Liss, S.A. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairba

1990-10-01

223

Establishment, management, and maintenance of the phoenix islands protected area.  

PubMed

The Republic of Kiribati's Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA), located in the equatorial central Pacific, is the largest and deepest UNESCO World Heritage site on earth. Created in 2008, it was the first Marine Protected Area (MPA) of its kind (at the time of inception, the largest in the world) and includes eight low-lying islands, shallow coral reefs, submerged shallow and deep seamounts and extensive open-ocean and ocean floor habitat. Due to their isolation, the shallow reef habitats have been protected de facto from severe exploitation, though the surrounding waters have been continually fished for large pelagics and whales over many decades. PIPA was created under a partnership between the Government of Kiribati and the international non-governmental organizations-Conservation International and the New England Aquarium. PIPA has a unique conservation strategy as the first marine MPA to use a conservation contract mechanism with a corresponding Conservation Trust established to be both a sustainable financing mechanism and a check-and-balance to the oversight and maintenance of the MPA. As PIPA moves forward with its management objectives, it is well positioned to be a global model for large MPA design and implementation in similar contexts. The islands and shallow reefs have already shown benefits from protection, though the pending full closure of PIPA (and assessments thereof) will be critical for determining success of the MPA as a refuge for open-ocean pelagic and deep-sea marine life. As global ocean resources are continually being extracted to support a growing global population, PIPA's closure is both timely and of global significance. PMID:25358303

Rotjan, Randi; Jamieson, Regen; Carr, Ben; Kaufman, Les; Mangubhai, Sangeeta; Obura, David; Pierce, Ray; Rimon, Betarim; Ris, Bud; Sandin, Stuart; Shelley, Peter; Sumaila, U Rashid; Taei, Sue; Tausig, Heather; Teroroko, Tukabu; Thorrold, Simon; Wikgren, Brooke; Toatu, Teuea; Stone, Greg

2014-01-01

224

Study of the impacts of regulations affecting the acceptance of Integrated Community Energy Systems: public utility, energy facility siting and municipal franchising regulatory programs in Rhode Island. Preliminary background report  

SciTech Connect

The Rhode Island statutes vest in the Public Utility Commission and the Division of Public Utilities the exclusive power and authority to regulate public utility companies in that state. Both bodies have been established within the Department of Business Regulation but are independent of the Department's director and are not under his jurisdiction. The jurisdiction to regulate utilities is shared by the Commission and the Division. The Commission serves as a quasi-judicial tribunal with jurisdiction, powers, and duties to hold investigations and hearings involving rates, sufficiency and resonableness of facilities, gas, electric, water, and pipeline public utilities. The administrator, who is chief executive officer of the Division, is responsible for exercising the jurisdiction, supervision, powers, and duties not specifically assigned to the Commission. By virtue of his office, the chairman of the Commission serves also as the administrator and he supervises and directs the execution of all laws relating to public utilities and carriers and all regulations and orders of the Commission governing the conduct and charges of public utilities. Public utility regulatory statutes, energy facility siting programs, and municipal franchising authority are examined to identify how they may impact on the ability of an organization, whether or not it be a regulated utility, to construct and operate an ICES.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.; Gallagher, K.C.; Hejna, D.; Rielley, K.J.

1980-01-01

225

Providence 1 exp 0 X 2 exp 0 NTMS Area, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island: Data Report (Abbreviated).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results of ground water and stream sediment reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) Providence 1 exp 0 x 2 exp 0 quadrangle are presented. Surface sediment samples were collected at 318 sites. Ground water samples were collected at 18...

J. R. Cook

1980-01-01

226

33 CFR 165.T01-0868 - Regulated Navigation Area; Route 24 Bridge Construction, Sakonnet River, Rhode Island.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Each person or vessel within the RNA must comply with the directions of the Captain of the Port Sector Southeastern New England (COTP) or the COTP's designated on-scene patrol personnel and must comply with all applicable regulations...

2012-07-01

227

Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates by State and Race/Ethnicity, 1992-2022. Rhode Island  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 7th edition of this publication provides updated projections of high school graduates for each year and each state (plus the District of Columbia) through 2022. The profile breaks down the projections by major racial and ethnic groups: (1) American Indian/Alaska Native; (2) Asian/Pacific Islander; (3) Black, non-Hispanic; (4) Hispanic; and (5)…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2008

2008-01-01

228

33 CFR 334.865 - Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. 334.865 Section...REGULATIONS § 334.865 Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. (a) The area. The waters within an...

2010-07-01

229

33 CFR 334.865 - Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. 334.865 Section...REGULATIONS § 334.865 Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. (a) The area. The waters within an...

2013-07-01

230

33 CFR 334.865 - Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. 334.865 Section...REGULATIONS § 334.865 Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. (a) The area. The waters within an...

2012-07-01

231

33 CFR 334.865 - Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. 334.865 Section...REGULATIONS § 334.865 Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, restricted area. (a) The area. The waters within an...

2011-07-01

232

50 CFR Figure 17 to Part 679 - Northern Bering Sea Research Area and St. Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Area and St. Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area 17 Figure 17 to part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 17 Figure 17 to part 679—Northern Bering Sea...

2010-10-01

233

Species diversity and endemism of five major Malesian islands: diversity-area relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim A comparison of biodiversity patterns within Malesia in relation to surface area. Location Analysis of the patterns in species richness and endemism of vascular plants in the five major Malesian islands, i.e. Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Borneo and New Guinea. Methods Available data on species richness and species ranges in correlation with the surface area of the respective islands were

Marco C. Roos; Paul J. A. Kessler; S. Robbert Gradstein; Pieter Baas

2004-01-01

234

33 CFR 334.1400 - Pacific Ocean, at Barbers Point, Island of Oahu, Hawaii; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Ocean, at Barbers Point, Island of Oahu, Hawaii; restricted area. (a) The area. That portion of the Pacific Ocean lying offshore of Oahu between Ewa Beach and Barbers Point, basically outlined as follows: Station Latitude Longitude...

2012-07-01

235

From concept to practice: using the School Health Index to create healthy school environments in Rhode Island elementary schools. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

236

50 CFR Figure 17 to Part 679 - Northern Bering Sea Research Area and Saint Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area (HCA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Saint Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area (HCA) 17 Figure 17 to part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 17 Figure 17 to part 679—Northern Bering Sea...

2011-10-01

237

50 CFR Figure 17 to Part 679 - Northern Bering Sea Research Area and Saint Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area (HCA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Saint Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area (HCA) 17 Figure 17 to part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 17 Figure 17 to part 679—Northern Bering Sea...

2013-10-01

238

50 CFR Figure 17 to Part 679 - Northern Bering Sea Research Area and Saint Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area (HCA)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Saint Lawrence Island Habitat Conservation Area (HCA) 17 Figure 17 to part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 17 Figure 17 to part 679—Northern Bering Sea...

2012-10-01

239

33 CFR 165.122 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. 165.122 Section...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. (a) Description of...the navigable waters of the Providence River from Conimicut Point to the...

2010-07-01

240

33 CFR 165.122 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. 165.122 Section...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. (a) Description of...the navigable waters of the Providence River from Conimicut Point to the...

2012-07-01

241

33 CFR 165.122 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. 165.122 Section...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. (a) Description of...the navigable waters of the Providence River from Conimicut Point to the...

2013-07-01

242

33 CFR 165.122 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. 165.122 Section...within Narragansett Bay and the Providence River, Rhode Island. (a) Description of...the navigable waters of the Providence River from Conimicut Point to the...

2011-07-01

243

November 2011 UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND  

E-print Network

classification or other immigration status within the definition of "nonimmigrant alien" as described in U/or does not have lawful immigration status, he or she must file a signed affidavit with the institution stating that the student has filed an application for lawful U.S. immigration status with the federal

Rhode Island, University of

244

University of Rhode Island DEGREES CONFERRED  

E-print Network

_CHEM_BA AS PHY 1 1 3 1 4 5 400501 Chemistry - BS Bacc AS_CHEM_BS AS PHY 1 1 2 6 3 7 10 400510 Chemistry/Forensic 9 380101 Philosophy - BA Bacc AS_PHIL_BA AS HUM 6 3 3 1 9 4 13 400501 Chemistry - BA Bacc AS Chem - BS Bacc AS_CFOR_BS AS PHY 5 0 5 5 400599 Chemistry/Chem Oceanogr - BS Bacc AS_COCG_BS AS PHY 1 0

Rhode Island, University of

245

University of Rhode Island DEGREES CONFERRED  

E-print Network

1 1 2 400501 Chemistry - BS 5 AS_CHEM_BS AS PHY 3 2 3 2 5 400599 Chemistry/Forensic Chem - BS 5 AS 10 380101 Philosophy - BA 5 AS_PHIL_BA AS HUM 7 2 7 2 9 400501 Chemistry - BA 5 AS_CHEM_BA AS PHY 1 1_CFOR_BS AS PHY 2 2 0 2 400599 Chemistry/Chem Oceanogr - BS 5 AS_COCG_BS AS PHY 1 1 1 1 2 400601 Geosciences 5 EL

Rhode Island, University of

246

January 7, 2014 UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND  

E-print Network

and engineering analysis of: - the Standard Human - rigid bodies in equilibrium (statics) - hard and soft tissues edition) - 2 - #12;BME 207 Syllabus January 7, 2014 Academic Integrity: Cheating and plagiarism.20-8.27.html). The penalty for cheating or plagiarism can range from a zero score on the assignment to a fail

Vetter, Frederick J.

247

University of Rhode Island DEGREES CONFERRED  

E-print Network

Women Men Women Total 010699 Urban Hort & Turf Mgmt - BS 5 EL_UHTM_BS ELSCI RDV 14 1 1 1 15 2 17 010901 Wildlife Biology & Mgmt - BS 5 EL_WBMG_BS ELSCI RDV 4 3 1 5 3 8 030601 Wildlife Conservation Biol-BS 5 EL

Rhode Island, University of

248

OF RHODE ISLAND Office of International  

E-print Network

means a wage documented by real market data. The unchallengeable standard for prevailing wage is survey FACTS Labor Condition Application Employers wishing to sponsor H-1B workers must agree to the terms of the Labor Condition Application (LCA) by signing the bottom of the form itself. Specifically, employers

Rhode Island, University of

249

Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center (RINSC)  

E-print Network

for thermal neutron use · Gamma ray experiment facilities · Two pneumatic tube systems for activation analysis or into the reactor core for activation analysis, radiation effects studies or radioisotope production Location;RINSC has · Six beam tubes for neutron experiments · One tangential thru tube · A thermal column

Rhode Island, University of

250

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Rhode Island  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

251

Recommendations for a Barrier Island Breach Management Plan for Fire Island National Seashore, including the Otis Pike High Dune Wilderness Area, Long Island, New York  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S Army Corps of Engineers, New York District is developing engineering plans, including economic costs and benefits, for storm damage reduction along an 83 mile stretch of the coastal barrier islands and beaches on the south shore of Long Island, NY from Fire Island Inlet east to the Montauk Point headland. The plan, expected to include various alternatives for storm protection and erosion mitigation, is referred to as the Fire Island to Montauk Point Reformulation Plan (FIMP). These plans are expected to follow the Corps of Engineers’ Environmental Operating Principles striving for long term environmental sustainability and balance between environmental protection and protection of human health and property. Fire Island National Seashore (FIIS), a 19,579 acre unit of the National Park System includes a 32 mile long coastal barrier island located within the FIMP project area. A seven-mile section of the park, Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness Area, is also a designated Federal Wilderness Area. The FIIS includes not only the barrier island and sand dunes, but also several islands, sand flats and wetlands landward of the barrier, submerged parts of Great South Bay shoreface, extending approximately 4,000 feet into the bay with the inner shelf region extending approximately 1,000 feet seaward of the Fire Island shoreline. The Fire Island barrier islands, a sand-starved system dominated by highly dynamic processes, are struggling to maintain their integrity in the face of sea-level rise and storms. Adding to the dilemma is that development on the barriers and the mainland has increased greatly during the past 50 years. As such, managers and decision makers in federal agencies, state agencies and local governments are challenged to balance tradeoffs between protection of lives and property, public access and long term conservation of natural habitats and processes and the plants and animals that depend on these habitats. National Park Service (NPS) policy stipulates that natural coastal processes be maintained to the greatest extent possible and not be impeded so as to conserve landforms, habitats and natural ecosystem resources that reply on the landforms and processes for long-term sustainability of the national park. Storms and associated processes such as waves, tides, currents and relative sea-level change are critical elements for the formation and evolution of these barrier islands, sand dunes, back-barrier sand flats and lagoons and vegetated wetlands. Processes such as wave run-up, overwash and barrier beaching, which occur during elevated storm surge are all necessary processes in enabling the efficient transfer of sediments, nutrients and marine water from the Atlantic Ocean across barriers and into Great South Bay. A large body of scientific data and information published over the past 50 years shows that such transfers of sediment and water from the ocean to the bays are essential for the long-term maintenance of the barrier island and back-bay systems and their biologically diverse habitats an d ecosystems. Current relative sea-level rise (~12 in/century) is chronic and pervasive in driving Long Island coastal change and with the likelihood of accelerating sea level rise in the near future, coastal hazards such as erosion, inundation, and storm surge flooding will increase, with corresponding increased risk to life and property on both Fire Island and on the mainland. In addition, the cumulative effects over the past century and more, both direct and indirect, of human impacts on the Long Island coast have altered the barrier beach and dunes and sediment transport processes. These impacts have likely increased the potential for breaching and increased risk to life and property on the coast and the mainland. Examples of direct impacts are: the stone jetties at Moriches, Shinnecock, and Fire Island tidal inlets and groin field structures at Westhampton that alter littoral processes, armoring and erosion-control stabilization of the headlandds such as the Montauk Point headlands, and deepening of n

Williams, S. Jeffress; Foley, Mary K.

2007-01-01

252

Study of green areas and urban heat island in a tropical city  

Microsoft Academic Search

Green areas in cities have been considered as potential measure in mitigating the urban heat island (UHI) effect. In this paper, a mobile survey was conducted to explore both the severity of UHI effect and cooling impacts of green areas at macro-level in Singapore. Islandwide temperature distribution was mapped relying on data derived from the mobile survey. This study has

Nyuk Hien Wong; Chen Yu

2005-01-01

253

Source area determination of aeolian sediments at Jandia Isthmus (Fuerteventura, Canary Islands)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Jandia Isthmus (Fuerteventura, Canary Islands) is a complex aeolian system composed of Pliocene and Pleistocene marine deposits, which are partially covered of carbonate crusts, palaeosols and sand sheets. The area has been greatly influenced by climate changes during the Quaternary. Nowadays this area presents an arid landscape dominated by the aeolian processes. Grain size, mineralogical and micropalaeontological analyses have

J. Alcántara-Carrió; S. Fernández-Bastero; I. Alonso

2010-01-01

254

GENERAL GEOLOGY OF THE MID-TERTIARY BLOCK 889 FIELD AREA, OFFSHORE MUSTANG ISLAND, TEXAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structural and stratigraphic architecture of the Block 889 field area, offshore Mustang Island, Texas, was defined by the integration of 3-D seismic, wireline logs, and engineering data. The area has produced 145 Bcf (billion cubic feet) of gas and 3 MMbbl (million barrels) of con- densate since the mid-1960's. Shale-withdrawal controlled the structural evolution of the area. Three growth

Ramón H. Treviño; Robert G. Loucks; L. Frank Brown; Randy L. Remington

255

Simulation of urban heat island in Paris area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The presence of a large city like Paris modifies the climatology of the area in part due to temperature increases particularly for low wind speed situations which are favorable to pollution events. This note presents the set of parameterization which must...

L. Musson-Genon

1994-01-01

256

33 CFR 334.10 - Gulf of Maine off Seal Island, Maine; naval aircraft bombing target area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Gulf of Maine off Seal Island, Maine; naval aircraft bombing target area. 334.10 Section 334.10 Navigation and Navigable...Gulf of Maine off Seal Island, Maine; naval aircraft bombing target area. (a) The danger zone. A circular area with a...

2010-07-01

257

Diurnal Variation of Precipitable Water over a Mountainous Area of Sumatra Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diurnal variations in atmospheric water vapor at Koto Tabang, a mountainous area of Sumatra Island, Indonesia, are studied by analyzing the GPS-derived precipitable water, radiosonde data, and surface meteorological observation data. A permanent GPS receiving station was established at Koto Tabang in March of 2001. Radiosonde soundings were carried out at 3-h intervals to study the atmospheric water and energy

Peiming Wu; Jun-Ichi Hamada; Shuichi Mori; Yudi I. Tauhid; Manabu D. Yamanaka; Fujio Kimura

2003-01-01

258

THERMAL ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY EVALUATION FOR HEAT ISLAND COUNTERMEASURE IN DIFFERENT RESIDENTIAL AREAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various countermeasures to urban heat island applied in the residential areas are evaluated for thermal environ- ment improvement and year-round energy performance, using an urban canopy model coupled with a building energy model. The simulation shows that a combination of surface cooling measures and installation of heat pump water heater can lower the nighttime air temperature and reduce the annual

Kazuki Yamaguchi; Tomohiko Ihara; Yukihiro Kikegawa; Yutaka Genchi; Yasuyuki Endo

259

Screening of pesticide toxicity in surface water from an agricultural area at Phuket Island (Thailand)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A screening study of the toxicity of expected pesticide-contaminated surface water from an agricultural area at Phuket Island, Thailand, was carried out using standardized bioassays in combination with pre-concentration by solid phase extraction (SPE). The bioassays were an algal growth inhibition test (Selenastrum capricornutum) and a Daphnia immobilization test (Daphnia magna). Tests were run on both filtered water samples and

A Baun; N Bussarawit; N Nyholm

1998-01-01

260

INVESTIGATIONS OF REPORTED PLANT AND ANIMAL HEALTH EFFECTS IN THE THREE MILE ISLAND AREA  

EPA Science Inventory

The results of investigations into reported problems with plants and animals which may be related to the operation of and accident at the Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Station are presented. The kinds of problems reported are listed, and potential areas of concern (such as the ...

261

Mapping oil spill environmental sensitivity in Cardoso Island State Park and surroundings areas, São Paulo, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents an environmental oil spill sensitivity map of Cardoso Island State Park, located in São Paulo state, Brazil, including some of its surrounding areas. This map was designed following the procedures determined by the Brazilian Federal Environment Organ (Ministry of the Environment), which separates coastal habitats in different littoral sensitivity indexes (LSI) to oil spills. We have also

Arthur Wieczorek; Dimas Dias-Brito; João Carlos Carvalho Milanelli

2007-01-01

262

Impact of the Urban Heat Island on Light Duty Vehicle Emissions for the Phoenix, AZ Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sustainability of our planet is impacted as regions are transformed from rural to urban engineered infrastructures resulting in alterations at the surface and atmosphere. These changes are manifested in urban areas experiencing increased temperatures with respect to their rural counterparts, known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) Effect. The impact of the UHI on light duty gasoline vehicle emissions

Todd P. Otanicar; Joby D. Carlson; Jay S. Golden; Kamil E. Kaloush; Patrick E. Phelan

2010-01-01

263

Virgin Islands Demonstration Library Network Study: Exploring Library Networking in Remote, Disadvantaged Areas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Virgin Islands Demonstration Library Network Study (VIDLNS) seeks to determine whether the development of either local or regional library networks would be the key to optimal organization of small library collections in isolated areas. This report describes the research and demonstration components of the exploratory phase of the project: (1)…

Chang, Henry C.; And Others

264

ASIAN/PACIFIC ISLANDER POPULATION DENSITY AND EPA REGULATED SITES IN THE SEATTLE/TACOMA AREA  

EPA Science Inventory

Shaded density polygons of 1990 Census Block Data for the Asian/Pacific Islander population group plotted with locations of EPA regulated sites (CERCLA, RCRA, NPDES (majors), and TRI) for the Seattle/Tacoma geographic area. Source scale of map is based on the 1990 Census tigerlin...

265

Numerical simulation of the 2002 Northern Rhodes Slide (Greece) and evaluation of the generated tsunami  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Small landslides are very common along the submarine margins, due to steep slopes and continuous material deposition that increment mass instability and supply collapse occurrences, even without earthquake triggering. This kind of events can have relevant consequences when occurring close to the coast, because they are characterized by sudden change of velocity and relevant speed achievement, reflecting into high tsunamigenic potential. This is the case for example of the slide of Rhodes Island (Greece), named Northern Rhodes Slide (NRS), where unusual 3-4 m waves were registered on 24 March 2002, provoking some damage in the coastal stretch of the city of Rhodes (Papadopoulos et al., 2007). The event was not associated with earthquake occurrence, and eyewitnesses supported the hypothesis of a non-seismic source for the tsunami, placed 1 km offshore. Subsequent marine geophysical surveys (Sakellariou et al., 2002) evidenced the presence of several detachment niches at about 300-400 m depth along the northern steep slope, one of which can be considered responsible of the observed tsunami, fitting with the previously mentioned supposition. In this work, that is carried out in the frame of the European funded project NearToWarn, we evaluated the tsunami effects due to the NRS by means of numerical modelling: after having reconstructed the sliding body basing on morphological assumptions (obtaining an esteemed volume of 33 million m3), we simulated the sliding motion through the in-house built code UBO-BLOCK1, adopting a Lagrangian approach and splitting the sliding mass into a "chain" of interacting blocks. This provides the complete dynamics of the landslide, including the shape changes that relevantly influence the tsunami generation. After the application of an intermediate code, accounting for the slide impulse filtering through the water depth, the tsunami propagation in the sea around the island of Rhodes and up to near coasts of Turkey was simulated via the code UBO-TSUFD: this solves numerically the Navier-Stokes equation in the shallow water approximation, adopting a finite difference technique. It was then possible to estimate the most affected coastal stretches and to assess the effects of the NRS generated tsunami, comparing the computed wave heights with the observations. Papadopoulos G.A., Daskalaki E., Fokaefs A. (2007) Tsunamis generated by coastal and submarine landslides in the Mediterranean Sea. In: Lykousis V., Sakellariou D., Locat J. (eds.), Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences, 415-422, Springer. Sakellariou D., Lykousis V., Rousakis G., Georgiou P. (2002). Slope failure and associated coastal erosion in tectonically active areas: The coastal zone of Rhodes city (Rhodos island) Greece. In: A. Yilmaz (ed.): Oceanography of Eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea, 978-985, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Oct. 13-16, TUBITAK Publ., Ankara, Turkey.

Zaniboni, Filippo; Armigliato, Alberto; Pagnoni, Gianluca; Tinti, Stefano

2013-04-01

266

[Priority areas for biodiversity conservation in Hainan Island: evaluation and systematic conservation planning].  

PubMed

A total of 140 endangered species in Hainan Island were selected as indicator species, and their spatial distribution patterns were analyzed by using mechanism habitat model. Based on the iterative operation with systematic conservation planning tool MARXAN, the priority areas of these species were identified and evaluated. The priority areas had an area of 5383.7 km2, accounting for 15.6% of the total land area of the Island, and mainly distributed in some forest regions (Yinggeling, Jianfengling and Wuzhishan) and in northern part water source regions. In the priority areas, the conservation proportion of 11 1st grade indicator species habitats occupied at least 65% of all the habitats. Through the gap analysis of priority areas and current nature reserves, it was suggested that an expansion of Jianfengling, Yinggeling-Limushan, and Wuzhishan-Diaoluoshan nature reserves and the establishment of Baolonglinchang-Linbiling-Fuwanling protection system should be made, and the protection areas for water source conservation and endangered species should be established in the northern part of the Island. PMID:22097374

Zhang, Lu; Ouyang, Zhi-yun; Xiao, Yi; Wu, Wei-hua; Zheng, Hua; Jiang, Bo

2011-08-01

267

Rhodes College February 17, 2014  

E-print Network

Rhodes College February 17, 2014 Synthetic Biology Research to Reengineer Biology A. Malcolm is synthetic biology? Is it possible to reengineer natural selection? Can intro biology students do synthetic biology research? Why do research as an undergraduate? Tuesday, February 18, 2014 #12;What is Synthetic

Campbell, A. Malcolm

268

Urban climate and clues of heat island events in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper aims to map the thermal field in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro (MARJ) considering the atmospheric characteristics and the land use that contribute to understanding the urban heat island. Three thermal maps are defined through the use of Landsat5-TM satellite images for three winter events chosen for the decades of 1980, 1990, and 2000, respectively. The results reveal a concentration of warmer cores in urban central areas as well as some local warmer areas in suburban region. Sites with lower temperatures correspond to vegetated areas which are away from the central part of the MARJ, including points of suburban areas. This work emphasizes the importance of the combined analysis of surface temperature with land use and atmospheric conditions, depicting a distinct pattern of heat islands for tropical climate.

Lucena, Andrews José de; Rotunno Filho, Otto Corrêa; França, José Ricardo de Almeida; Peres, Leonardo de Faria; Xavier, Luciano Nóbrega Rodrigues

2013-02-01

269

Access to Dental Care for Children in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Kids Count Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dental disease restricts activities in school, work, and home, and often significantly diminishes the quality of life for many children and adults, especially those who are low income or uninsured. Noting that dental caries (tooth decay) is the most common preventable chronic childhood disease, this Kids Count issue brief considers the extent to…

Katz, Linda; Fontes, Janice; Ross, Maureen; Lawrence, Robin; Andrews, John; Kernan, Sharon; Leddy, Tricia; O'Bara, Joan; Young, John

270

Monitoring river discharge with remotely sensed imagery using river island area as an indicator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

River discharge is an important parameter in understanding water cycles, and consistent long-term discharge records are necessary for related research. In practice, discharge records based on in situ measurement are often limited because of technological, economic, and institutional obstacles. Satellite remote sensing provides an attractive alternative way to measure river discharge by constructing an empirical rating curve between the parameter provided by remote sensing techniques and simultaneous ground discharge data. River width is a popular parameter for constructing the empirical curve, since change in river discharge can be represented by a change in river width. In some rectangular channels, however, river width does not change significantly with river discharge, so an alternative parameter is necessary. We analyze a novel technique using river island area as an indicator of discharge. A river island often has a flat terrain, and its area decreases with higher discharge. This technique is validated by three river islands in the Yangtze River in China. All 61 remotely sensed images acquired by the HuanJing (HJ) satellites from 2009 to 2010 were correlated with corresponding in situ discharge of the nearby Zhicheng hydrological station. The performance of fitted curves for inferring river discharge is validated using 36 HJ images taken in 2011, and the influence of remotely sensed imagery and river islands is discussed. All three river islands can be used as indicators of river discharge, although their performances are much different. For the river island with the best result, the mean accuracy of the estimates is less than 10% of the observed discharge, and all relative errors are within 20%, validating the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Ling, Feng; Cai, Xiaobin; Li, Wenbo; Xiao, Fei; Li, Xiaodong; Du, Yun

2012-01-01

271

33 CFR 334.938 - Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California... Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island, San Pedro Bay, California...Warden, Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island. The regulations in...

2010-07-01

272

Future change in wintertime urban heat island due to global climate change in Tokyo metropolitan area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tokyo metropolitan area is one of the largest urban areas all over the world. This study investigates the change in urban heat island intensity of Tokyo metropolitan area in winter season by the effects of global climate change. We performed present and future climate simulations are conducted using a regional climate model (WRF) including an urban canopy sub-model (Kusaka et al., 2001). Future climate simulation was conducted using Pseudo-Global-Warming (PGW) method (Kimura and Kitoh, 2008) assuming the boundary conditions estimated by CMIP3 GCMs under the SRES scenarios. The PGW method is one of the useful methods for future downscaling and adopted for some studies on urban heat island (Kusaka et al., 2012) and winter climate (Hara et al., 2008) over Japan. The simulation results indicated that UHII would be enhanced during night, due to the global climate change.

Hara, M.; Adachi, S. A.; Kusaka, H.; Kimura, F.

2013-12-01

273

The Rhode Map to Success: the Exploratory Student’s Guide to Choosing an Undergraduate Major  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entering college without a major has become more prevalent over the past decade. Colleges and universities are opening their arms to the undecided, providing them with extensive resources and assistance to help direct them to a major and, ultimately, a career. The University of Rhode Island has admitted an increasing number of undeclared incoming freshmen over the past few years.

Kaitlin OHara

2007-01-01

274

Temperature trends and Urban Heat Island intensity mapping of the Las Vegas valley area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modified urban climate regions that are warmer than rural areas at night are referred to as Urban Heat Islands or UHI. Islands of warmer air over a city can be 12 degrees Celsius greater than the surrounding cooler air. The exponential growth in Las Vegas for the last two decades provides an opportunity to detect gradual temperature changes influenced by an increasing presence of urban materials. This thesis compares ground based thermometric observations and satellite based remote sensing temperature observations to identify temperature trends and UHI areas caused by urban development. Analysis of temperature trends between 2000 and 2010 at ground weather stations has revealed a general cooling trend in the Las Vegas region. Results show that urban development accompanied by increased vegetation has a cooling effect in arid climates. Analysis of long term temperature trends at McCarran and Nellis weather stations show 2.4 K and 1.2 K rise in temperature over the last 60 years. The ground weather station temperature data is related to the land surface temperature images from the Landsat Thematic Mapper to estimate and evaluate urban heat island intensity for Las Vegas. Results show that spatial and temporal trends of temperature are related to the gradual change in urban landcover. UHI are mainly observed at the airport and in the industrial areas. This research provides useful insight into the temporal behavior of the Las Vegas area.

Black, Adam Leland

275

Mission hazard assessment for STARS Mission 1 (M1) in the Marshall Islands area  

SciTech Connect

A mission hazard assessment has been performed for the Strategic Target System Mission 1 (known as STARS M1) for hazards due to potential debris impact in the Marshall Islands area. The work was performed at Sandia National Laboratories as a result of discussion with Kwajalein Missile Range (KMR) safety officers. The STARS M1 rocket will be launched from the Kauai Test Facility (KTF), Hawaii, and deliver two payloads to within the viewing range of sensors located on the Kwajalein Atoll. The purpose of this work has been to estimate upper bounds for expected casualty rates and impact probability or the Marshall Islands areas which adjoin the STARS M1 instantaneous impact point (IIP) trace. This report documents the methodology and results of the analysis.

Outka, D.E.; LaFarge, R.A.

1993-07-01

276

77 FR 70183 - Notice of Meeting for Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Advisory Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Under section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) the National Park Service (NPS) is hereby giving notice that the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Advisory Council will hold a meeting. This meeting is open to the public. Topics to be discussed include a report from the Council's environmental interest group, a summer review of park operations, activation......

2012-11-23

277

75 FR 52023 - Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Advisory Council; Notice of Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Notice is hereby given that a meeting of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Advisory Council will be held on Wednesday, September 15, 2010, at 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at the Independence Wharf, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Community Room, Boston, MA. The agenda will include a scoping session about a park pet policy, a brainstorming session for a 2016 celebration, and an update on the community......

2010-08-24

278

76 FR 53941 - Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Advisory Council; Notice of Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Notice is hereby given that a meeting of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Advisory Council will be held on Wednesday, September 14, 2011, at 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at Independence Wharf, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Community Room, Boston, MA. The agenda will include: Summer season review; park update; and public comment. The meeting will be open to the public. Any person may file with the......

2011-08-30

279

Re-evaluating the origins of late Pleistocene fire areas on Santa Rosa Island, California, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the close of the Pleistocene, fire regimes in North America changed significantly in response to climate change, megafaunal extinctions, anthropogenic burning and, possibly, even an extraterrestrial impact. On California's Channel Islands, researchers have long debated the nature of late Pleistocene "fire areas," discrete red zones in sedimentary deposits, interpreted by some as prehistoric mammoth-roasting pits created by humans. Further research found no evidence that these red zones were cultural in origin, and two hypotheses were advanced to explain their origin: natural fires and groundwater processes. Radiocarbon dating, X-ray diffraction analysis, and identification of charcoal from six red zones on Santa Rosa Island suggest that the studied features date between ~ 27,500 and 11,400 cal yr BP and resulted from burning or heating, not from groundwater processes. Our results show that fire was a component of late Pleistocene Channel Island ecology prior to and after human colonization of the islands, with no clear evidence for increased fire frequency coincident with Paleoindian settlement, extinction of pygmy mammoths, or a proposed Younger Dryas impact event.

Rick, Torben C.; Wah, John S.; Erlandson, Jon M.

2012-09-01

280

75 FR 21600 - Groundfish Fisheries of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Area and the Gulf of Alaska; King and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration RIN 0648-XW07 Groundfish Fisheries of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Area and the Gulf of Alaska; King and Tanner Crab Fisheries in the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands; Scallop and Salmon Fisheries Off the Coast of Alaska AGENCY: National...

2010-04-26

281

Impacts of the tsunami on a Marine National Park area—Case study of Lanta Islands (Thailand)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lanta Islands are located in the province of Krabi: here, even though the impact of the tsunami had not been as tragic as in some other areas of Thailand, several villages have been affected and the biological destruction is still in the process of being assessed. These islands include the Marine National Park (MNP) of Ko Lanta, 62nd National Park

Hélène Marchand

2006-01-01

282

33 CFR 334.1070 - San Francisco Bay between Treasure Island and Yerba Buena Island; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Buena Island, and the connecting causeway, west of a line extending from the southeast corner of the most southerly of the four finger piers along the east side of Treasure Island, at about latitude 37°49?11?, longitude 122°21?40?, approximately...

2010-07-01

283

The influence of urban reconstruction in urban heat island effect: Cangxia area of Fuzhou City, China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The urban development is usually accompanied with the re-planning and reconstruction of the old urban area, which is one of the key issues of the urban development program. Over the past decade, Fuzhou City of Fujian province, SE China, has speeded up its reconstruction progress. The Cangxia area, located in the southwestern of the city, was replaned and reconstructed to improve people's living conditions because the area was full of intensively-built squatter settlements. In order to study the thermal environmental changes of the Cangxia area before and after the reconstruction, three Landsat TM images of 1986, 1996 and 2006 were utilized to perform feature extractions of the thermal-related information of the area, such as the land surface temperature (LST), impervious surface area (ISA) and vegetation coverage. The quantitative analysis on the relationship between ISA and LST suggested a positive exponential relationship between the two factors. With the assistance of the Urban-Heat-Island Ratio Index (URI), the digital image processing on the three multi-temporal images revealed the spatial and temporal variations of the urban heat island (UHI) effect in the investigated area from 1986 to 2006. The results showed that after the launch of the reconstruction project of this squatter settlement-dominated area, the UHI effect in the area had been greatly mitigated in the past 20 years, since the URI value had been decreased from 0.648 in 1986 to 0.245 in 2006. This owes greatly to the significant decrease in high-density ISAs and the notable increase in vegetation covers. The reconstruction is of benefit to the UHI mitigation of the Cangxia area.

Tang, Fei; Xu, Hanqiu

2010-09-01

284

Soil Landscape Assessment atSoil Landscape Assessment at D I l d L A C d KD I l d L A C d KDog Island Lease Area, Cedar KeyDog Island Lease Area, Cedar Key  

E-print Network

Soil Landscape Assessment atSoil Landscape Assessment at D I l d L A C d KD I l d L A C d KDog Island Lease Area, Cedar KeyDog Island Lease Area, Cedar Key #12;Soil SampleSoil Sample LocationsLocationsLocationsLocations #12;Soil ElevationSoil Elevation (Bathymetry)(Bathymetry)(Bathymetry)(Bathymetry) 1.5 ft NAD881.5 ft

Florida, University of

285

Geologists Search for Evidence of Ancient Beach Deposits and Uplifted Shorelines on Simeonof Island  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Scientists from the USGS, University of Rhode Island, and the Alaska Dept of Geological and Geophysical Surveys dig into coastal bluffs of Simeonof Island in search of evidence for ancient beach deposits and tectonically uplifted shorelines....

2014-04-29

286

The Urban Heat Island Behavior of a Large Northern Latitude Metropolitan Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban heat islands (UHIs) develop when urban and suburban areas experience elevated temperatures relative to their rural surroundings. The difference in temperature between the city core and its surroundings is proportional to the size of the city and can be related to differences in vegetation cover, the amount of development, building materials, and the infrastructure. Most cities in the United States are warming at twice the rate of the outlying rural areas and the planet as a whole. Temperatures in the urban center can be 2-5°C warmer during the daytime and as much as 10°C at night. Urban warming is responsible for excessive energy consumption, heat-related health effects, an increase in urban pollution, degradation of urban ecosystems, and changes in the local meteorology. To begin to address UHI mitigation strategies, a comprehensive spatial and temporal analysis of the behavior of urban heat islands is necessary. Because the influence of UHIs is most notable in wintertime, solutions to mitigate them are compounded because of societal resistance to modifying the landscape and urban structures to reduce already low wintertime temperatures. To better understand the UHI behavior of a large northern latitude city and to evaluate mitigation strategies that have the desired effect year round, we have embarked on a comprehensive four-year research program - Islands in the Sun - aimed at 1) analyzing the UHIs of the largest urban areas on the planet, 2) monitoring the UHI of the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area (TCMA) and evaluating mitigation strategies for reducing urban warming, and 3) developing a numerical UHI model to quantify the effect of different mitigation strategies. Here we present results from an observational study of the TCMA, a 7,700 square kilometer urban and suburban region located in east central Minnesota that includes the two cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul. The TCMA is home to 2.8 million residents within a seven county area comprising an urban core and a surrounding suburban landscape. Annually, the TCMA has a modest 2-3°C UHI that is especially apparent in winter when the urban core can be up to 5-6°C warmer than the surrounding countryside. We present preliminary data from a dense network of temperature sensors located throughout the TCMA. We focus on the diurnal and seasonal behavior of the TCMA UHI with an emphasis on the contribution of different land use types on the UHI and the influence of wintertime temperature advection on less urbanized areas to the southeast of the TCMA. Finally, we offer evidence of the impact that the TCMA heat island has on energy consumption, human health, and the environment, and propose mitigation strategies that should be considered.

Snyder, P. K.; Twine, T. E.; Hertel, W.

2011-12-01

287

33 CFR 334.1460 - Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island; bombing and gunnery target area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island...ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.1460 Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra...

2011-07-01

288

33 CFR 334.1460 - Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island; bombing and gunnery target area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island...ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.1460 Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra...

2010-07-01

289

33 CFR 334.1460 - Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island; bombing and gunnery target area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island...ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.1460 Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra...

2012-07-01

290

33 CFR 334.1460 - Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island; bombing and gunnery target area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra Island...ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.1460 Atlantic Ocean and Vieques Sound, in vicinity of Culebra...

2013-07-01

291

The Antithesist Vision of William Rhodes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspectives concerning William Rhodes' philosophy and his 1975 predictions about the mental health system are offered. Rhodes characterized the traditional mental health system as one that suppresses individuality in the interests of social control. On the other hand, in innovative progressional institutions, power is shared by providers with…

Wood, Frank H.

1982-01-01

292

Residue levels of HCHs, DDTs and PCBs in shellfish from coastal areas of east Xiamen Island and Minjiang Estuary, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shellfish samples were collected from the coastal cultivating areas of east Xiamen Island and Minjing Estuary, China and analyzed for hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), DDTs and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by GC. Concentration ranges of HCHs, DDTs and PCBs in the coastal area of east Xiamen Island were 0.18–345, 75.2–2143 and ND-23 ngg?1 dry wt., respectively; those for Minjiang Estuary were ND-5.07, 21.5–2396

Weiqi Chen; Luoping Zhang; Li Xu; Xinhong Wang; Liyu Hong; Huasheng Hong

2002-01-01

293

Coastal-change and glaciological map of the Ross Island area, Antarctica  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Reduction in the area and volume of Earth?s two polar ice sheets is intricately linked to changes in global climate and to the resulting rise in sea level. Measurement of changes in area and mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet was given a very high priority in recommendations by the Polar Research Board of the National Research Council. On the basis of these recommendations, the U.S. Geological Survey used its archive of satellite images to document changes in the cryospheric coastline of Antarctica and analyze the glaciological features of the coastal regions. The Ross Island area map is bounded by long 141? E. and 175? E. and by lat 76? S. and 81? S. The map covers the part of southern Victoria Land that includes the northwestern Ross Ice Shelf, the McMurdo Ice Shelf, part of the polar plateau and Transantarctic Mountains, the McMurdo Dry Valleys, northernmost Shackleton Coast, Hillary Coast, the southern part of Scott Coast, and Ross Island. Little noticeable change has occurred in the ice fronts on the map, so the focus is on glaciological features. In the western part of the map area, the polar plateau of East Antarctica, once thought to be a featureless region, has subtle wavelike surface forms (megadunes) and flow traces of glaciers that originate far inland and extend to the coast or into the Ross Ice Shelf. There are numerous outlet glaciers. Glaciers drain into the McMurdo Dry Valleys, through the Transantarctic Mountains into the Ross Sea, or into the Ross Ice Shelf. Byrd Glacier is the largest. West of the Transantarctic Mountains are areas of blue ice, readily identifiable on Landsat images, that have been determined to be prime areas for finding meteorites. Three subglacial lakes have been identified in the map area. Because McMurdo Station, the main U.S. scientific research station in Antarctica, is located on Ross Island in the map area, many of these and other features in the area have been studied extensively. The paper version of this map is available for purchase from the USGS Store.

Ferrigno, Jane G.; Foley, Kevin M.; Swithinbank, Charles; Williams, Richard S., Jr.

2010-01-01

294

Landsat TM-based analysis of land area and vegetation cover change on six selected Alabama and Mississippi barrier islands (1984-2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cat Island, West Ship Island, East Ship Island, Horn Island, Petit Bois Island, and Dauphin Island are located 10-20 kilometers south of the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines. These six barrier islands serve as an important shield to southern areas of Mississippi and Alabama from tropical cyclone (hurricane) impacts such as storm surge and destructive waves. The islands are also home to a delicate ecosystem of many different types of flora and fauna. Over the course of the past three decades, all six islands have been subjected to several hurricane events. This, coupled with the natural state of the erosion, has led to the islands losing total land area and vegetation. This thesis research focuses on quantifying the vegetation loss and total land area loss on Cat Island, West Ship Island, East Ship Island, Horn Island, Petit Bois Island, and Dauphin Island during the time period from 1984 to 2011. A special focus is given to impacts of Hurricanes Georges, Ivan, Katrina, Gustav, and Ike which affected the northern Gulf Coast in 1998, 2004, 2005, and 2008, respectively. This research utilizes Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper Imagery. Supervised classifications and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) analyses are performed on each scene to analyze the total land area and vegetation cover of each island. The results of this research show the total extent of land and vegetation loss on each island from 1984 to 2011, and which islands are most vulnerable to erosion and vegetation loss. The results also reveal how all five hurricanes affected each individual island.

Winstanley, Hunter Clark

295

Floods of November 12, 1974 in the Charlotte Amalie area, St Thomas, US Virgin Islands  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The flood on St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, of November 12, 1974, was the largest recorded flood in the area from Fort Christian through Charlotte Amalie and Frenchtown to the end of Crown Bay. This flood has a recurrence interval of about 60 years. With the exception of a few narrow beaches, very little flooding occurred outside of the Charlotte Amalie area. The flood boundaries are controlled to a large extent by the prevailing channel and flood-plain conditions. Inundation from future floods may be affected by changes in channel conditions, alteration of waterway openings at roads, changes in runoff characteristics of the stream caused by increased urbanization, and other cultural developments. The areas inundated by the 1974 flood are shown on 2 maps. (Woodard-USGS)

Haire, W.J.; Johnson, K.G.

1977-01-01

296

Biogeographic and ecological regulation of disease: Prevalence of Sin Nombre virus in island mice is related to island area, precipitation, and predator richness  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The relative roles of top-down and bottom-up forces in affecting disease prevalence in wild hosts is important for understanding disease dynamics and human disease risk. We found that the prevalence of Sin Nombre virus (SNV), the agent of a severe disease in humans (hantavirus pulmonary syndrome), in island deer mice from the eight California Channel Islands was greater with increased precipitation (a measure of productivity), greater island area, and fewer species of rodent predators. In finding a strong signal of the ecological forces affecting SNV prevalence, our work highlights the need for future work to understand the relative importance of average rodent density, population fluctuations, behavior, and specialist predators as they affect SNV prevalence. In addition to illustrating the importance of both bottom-up and top-down limitation of disease prevalence, our results suggest that predator richness may have important bearing on the risk of exposure to animal-borne diseases that affect humans.

Orrock, John L.; Allan, Brian F.; Drost, Charles A.

2011-01-01

297

Evolution of the urban heat island at a large coastal urban area of Mediterranean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban heat islands (UHI) are in the focus of research interest during past decades, as they concern densely populated areas, thus having a great impact on health of citizens, but also on environment and economy of cities. The linkage between urban heat islands and climatic change is of particular importance, especially in areas where - according to future projections - significant warming is expected, as the urban effect amplifies regional warming. The study focuses on the city of Athens and concerns the temporal evolution on the mesoscale of UHI over the period 1975-2010. Although the study of the spatial distribution of the urban heat island in Athens has revealed large differences of the air temperature between the central zone of the city and surrounding rural stations (reaching up to 10 oC in certain cases), it is quite important to study the rates of UHI changes on the mesoscale and extract information on whether UHI is amplified, stabilized or has declined over time. It is mentioned that Athens has undergone dramatic changes during recent decades as regards land use/land cover map and population distribution. The knowledge of the rates of UHI changes will also reveal the 'true' rates of background warming which is observed in the area during the study period. Annual and seasonal values were calculated from daily average, maximum and minimum temperature at seven stations of different characteristics of the area of interest (urban/ suburban/ coastal/rural). From the comparison of the average air temperature between the rural and urban stations, it was found that the intensity of UHI increases by approximately +0.2 oC/decade on an annual basis over the study period, but the results are strongly dependent on the season. In summer and spring, the rate of UHI changes is more pronounced, amounting to +0.4 oC/decade (statistically significant at 0.05 CL). Moreover, it was found that the rate of change is higher in the maximum than in the minimum air temperature. It was also estimated that urban effect accounts almost for the half of the observed warming trends in the area, on an annual base.

Founda, D.; Pierros, F.; Nastos, P. T.; Petrakis, M.

2012-04-01

298

Influences of water depth and substrate nitrogen on leaf surface area and maximum bed extension in Nymphaea odorata  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships among water depth, substrate nitrogen, and leaf surface area in the floating-leaved macrophyte Nymphaea odorata Aiton (fragrant waterlily) were studied in seven ponds in Rhode Island, USA. Beds of N. odorata in ponds that varied three- to seven-fold in depth, total area, water-column phosphorus and nitrogen, transparency, and chlorophyll content grew to strikingly similar water depth maxima (1.9–2.2 m;

M. Sinden-Hempstead; K. T. Killingbeck

1996-01-01

299

The Urban Heat Island Behavior of a Large Northern Latitude Metropolitan Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban heat islands (UHIs) occur when urban and suburban areas experience elevated temperatures relative to their rural surroundings because of differences in vegetation cover, buildings and other development, and infrastructure. Most cities in the United States are warming at twice the rate of the outlying rural areas and the planet as a whole. Temperatures in the urban center can be 2-5°C warmer during the daytime and as much as 10°C at night. Urban warming is responsible for excessive energy consumption, heat-related health effects, an increase in urban pollution, degradation of urban ecosystems, changes in the local meteorology, and an increase in thermal pollution into urban water bodies. One mitigation strategy involves manipulating the surface energy budget to either reduce the amount of solar radiation absorbed at the surface or offset absorbed energy through latent cooling. Options include using building materials with different properties of reflectivity and emissivity, increasing the reflectivity of parking lots, covering roofs with vegetation, and increasing the amount of vegetation overall through tree planting or increasing green space. The goal of the Islands in the Sun project is to understand the formation and behavior of urban heat islands and to mitigate their effects through sensible city engineering and design practices. As part of this project, we have been characterizing the UHI of the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area (TCMA), a 16,000 square kilometer urban and suburban region located in east central Minnesota that includes the two cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, and evaluating mitigation strategies for reducing urban warming. Annually, the TCMA has a modest 2-3°C UHI that is especially apparent in winter when the urban core can be up to 5-6°C warmer than the surrounding countryside. We present an analysis of regional temperature variations from a dense network of sensors located throughout the TCMA. We focus on the diurnal and seasonal behavior of the TCMA UHI with an emphasis on the contribution of different land use types on the UHI. We also present a comparison of thermal and radiative properties of two different roofing materials with data collected from the roof of the Science Museum of Minnesota in Saint Paul, MN. The impact of the TCMA UHI on thermal pollution into local water bodies is also investigated.

Twine, T. E.; Snyder, P. K.; Hertel, W.; Mykleby, P.

2012-12-01

300

Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Groundwater in the Western Coastal Area in Jeju Volcanic Island, Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Residents in Jeju volcanic island use most part of water resources from groundwater. Actually, in the island, there exist no perennial streams or rivers due to extremely high infiltration rate of water into surface soils and rocks (basalt and trachyte). In the western part of Jeju Island, high pumping rate of wells caused great drawdown especially during drought period. By this current trend, great decline of groundwater level as well as seawater intrusion is predictable. According to drill data from 13 wells for monitoring seawater intrusion installed in the western part of the island by the authority of Jeju Special Governed Island, the geology of the western area is composed of five units: lava sequence (hyaloclastic breccia, acicular feldspar basalt, olivine basalt, aphanitic feldspar basalt, augite feldspar basalt, and porphyritic feldspar basalt), sedimentary layer (containing gravel and sand) intercalated in lava sequences, Seoguipo Formation (gravels, unconsolidated sands, shell fossils, and sandy mudstone), trachyandesite and tuff occurring in Seoguipo Formation, and U Formation. Geophysical well logging on the five monitoring wells (Panpo (PP), Kosan (KS), Shindo (SD), Ilgwa (IG), and Hamo (HM)), resulted in approximately 20~40 cps (counts per second) of natural gamma intensity in lava sequence. High gamma intensity of approximately 60 cps is noticeble in the sedimentary layer intercalated in lava sequence, and in Seoguipo Formation, especially clay minerals. Electric conductivity (EC) on PP, KS and IG wells showed 100~400 ?S/cm with fresh water range. However, EC on SD and HM wells increased up to around 20,000~10,000 ?S/cm with depth, which indicates variation from freshwater to salt water. Pumping tests were performed on nine monitoring wells in the range of 900~2,300m3/d and with an average discharge rate of 1,371m3/d. Among them, data from only five monitoring wells were used for pumping test analysis, since the other four wells were highly affected by tide. Transmissivity was estimated using transmissivity (T) ~ specific capacity (Q/s) relationsip: T = 0.99(Q/s)0.89/ proposed by Hamm et al. (2005). T estimates ranged from 21.9 to 2664.3m2/d, and Q/s estimates ranged from 32.4 to 7,143m2/d. The average drawdown is 12.9 m, between 0.1 and 40 m, presenting a wide variation of drawdown on different monitoring wells. From drill data, geophysical logs, and pumping tests, it is concluded that main aquifers develops in jointed parts in lava sequence, especially hyaloclastic breccia, and gravels and unconsolidated sands in Seoguipo Formation. Keywords: transmissivity, specific capacity, geophygical log, pumping test, Jeju volcainc Island Acknowledgement This work was financially supported by of the 21st Century Frontier R&D Program (project no. 3-4-3 of the Sustainable Water Resources Research Center) and by the 2nd stage of the BK21 Project, Ministry of Education, Republic of Korea.

Lee, S.; Hamm, S.; Lee, J.; Koh, G.; Hwang, S.

2008-12-01

301

HISTORIC WETLANDS OF PRUDENCE ISLAND  

EPA Science Inventory

Ten wetland sites around Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island have been selected for a multidisciplinary study. These wetland sites are being studied to develop indicators of "wetland health." The study includes assessing the ecological conditions of the wetlands in the past, and the c...

302

Geologists in Search of Tsunami Deposits on Simeonof Island  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Scientists from the USGS, University of Rhode Island, and the Alaska Dept of Geological and Geophysical Surveys use a hand-driven corer to sample soils and marsh sediment on Simeonof Island as part of an investigation to investigate evidence for earthquakes and tsunamis in the Shumagin Islands....

2014-04-29

303

Source area determination of aeolian sediments at Jandia Isthmus (Fuerteventura, Canary Islands)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Jandia Isthmus (Fuerteventura, Canary Islands) is a complex aeolian system composed of Pliocene and Pleistocene marine deposits, which are partially covered of carbonate crusts, palaeosols and sand sheets. The area has been greatly influenced by climate changes during the Quaternary. Nowadays this area presents an arid landscape dominated by the aeolian processes. Grain size, mineralogical and micropalaeontological analyses have been carried out to identify the source area of these wind-blown materials, considering five possible sources: windward beaches, Pliocene dune cliffs, Upper Pleistocene aeolian deposits, carbonate crusts and basaltic outcrops. Each one of these analyses has been used to discriminate between the possible sources. Especially useful has been the use of foraminifera as natural tracers of the aeolian dynamics, as well as the application of the Rietveld method to quantify the mineralogical composition from the X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). These techniques indicate that erosion of the Upper Pleistocene aeolian deposits — which partially cover the Isthmus surface — is the process that presently supplies most of the aeolian sediments that blow across the Isthmus. This study suggests the existence of extensive backshore surfaces westward of the present shoreline, during both the Pliocene and the Upper Pleistocene. This backshore was the original source area of aeolian materials transported by the Trade Winds, combined with the dust supply from Saharan desert.

Alcántara-Carrió, J.; Fernández-Bastero, S.; Alonso, I.

2010-03-01

304

36 CFR 13.1178 - Closed waters, islands and other areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...approach within 50 yards of that part of South Marble Island lying south of 58°38.6? N latitude (approximately the southern...nautical mile of, Spider Island or any of the four small islets lying immediately west of Spider Island. (d) May 1 through...

2012-07-01

305

36 CFR 13.1178 - Closed waters, islands and other areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...approach within 50 yards of that part of South Marble Island lying south of 58°38.6? N latitude (approximately the southern...nautical mile of, Spider Island or any of the four small islets lying immediately west of Spider Island. (d) May 1 through...

2013-07-01

306

36 CFR 13.1178 - Closed waters, islands and other areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...approach within 50 yards of that part of South Marble Island lying south of 58°38.6? N latitude (approximately the southern...nautical mile of, Spider Island or any of the four small islets lying immediately west of Spider Island. (d) May 1 through...

2011-07-01

307

36 CFR 13.1178 - Closed waters, islands and other areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...approach within 50 yards of that part of South Marble Island lying south of 58°38.6? N latitude (approximately the southern...nautical mile of, Spider Island or any of the four small islets lying immediately west of Spider Island. (d) May 1 through...

2010-07-01

308

PREDICTION OF URBAN HEAT ISLAND IN TOKYO METROPOLITAN AREA IN 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

In large cities in Japan, as exemplified by Tokyo, temperature increases in summer due to urbanization, i.e. the urban heat island effect, are becoming very serious. If no countermeasures are taken, it is likely that urban heat islands will become ever more serious and prediction of the effect of future urbanization on urban heat islands is necessary. On the other

YOICHI KAWAMOTO; RYOZO OOKA

309

Reprint of “Deep epibenthic communities in two contrasting areas of the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean)”  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Epibenthic communities were studied in two areas, off western and southern Mallorca (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean), which differ in the oceanographic conditions and show different degrees of oligotrophy. Sampling was performed with beam trawl at two seasons (December 2009 and July 2010) and at depths between 228 and 900 m. A total of 199 taxa were identified, of which the most diverse were decapod crustaceans and fishes. Depth was the main factor structuring megafaunal assemblages. In the shelf break the shrimps Plesionika heterocarpus, P. antigai, Processa nouveli and P. canaliculata were dominant. In the upper slope, P. acanthonotus, Boreomysis arctica, Gaidropsarus biscayensis and Aristeus antennatus were the species that most contributed to the group formation, whereas in the middle slope the crustaceans P. acanthonotus and Munida tenuimana dominated. Specific abundances were relatively low everywhere. Diversity H? values ranged from 2.19 to 3.17, being higher in Sóller. Using species abundance data, significant differences were identified concerning both area and season in both shelf break and upper slope strata, while no significant differences were found in the middle slope stratum. The analysis of functional groups showed that both depth and area had a significant effect on their differential distribution.

Ramón, Montserrat; Abelló, Pere; Ordines, Francesc; Massutí, Enric

2014-10-01

310

Reconnaissance Geologic Map of the Duncan Canal-Zarembo Island Area, Southeastern Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The geologic map of the Duncan Canal-Zarembo Island area is the result of a multidisciplinary investigation of an area where an airborne geophysical survey was flown in the spring of 1997. The area was chosen for the geophysical survey because of its high mineral potential, a conclusion of the Petersburg Mineral Resource Assessment Project, conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey from 1978 to 1982. The City of Wrangell, in southeastern Alaska, the Bureau of Land Management, and the State of Alaska provided funding for the airborne geophysical survey. The geophysical data from the airborne survey were released in September 1997. The U.S. Geological Survey conducted field investigations in the spring and fall of 1998 to identify and understand the sources of the geophysical anomalies from the airborne survey. This geologic map updates the geologic maps of the same area published by David A. Brew at 1:63,360 (Brew, 1997a-m; Brew and Koch, 1997). This update is based on 3 weeks of field work, new fossil collections, and the geophysical maps released by the State of Alaska ( DGGS, Staff, and others, 1997a-o). Geologic data from outcrops, fossil ages, radiometric ages, and geochemical signatures were used to identify lithostratigraphic units. Where exposure is poor, geophysical characteristics were used to help control the boundaries of these units. No unit boundaries were drawn based on geophysics alone. The 7200 Hertz resistivity maps (DGGS, Staff, and others, 1997k-o) were particularly helpful for controlling unit boundaries, because different stratigraphic units have distinctive characteristic conductive signatures (Karl and others, 1998). Increased knowledge of unit ages, unit structure, and unit distribution, led to improved understanding of the nature of unit contacts. Northwest- to southwest-directed thrust faults, particularly on Kupreanof Island, are new discovery. Truncated faults and map patterns suggest there were at least 2 generations of thrusting, and that the thrust faults have been folded. Subsequent right-lateral strike-slip NW-SE faults, have offset thrust faults, and these in turn are offset by N-S right-lateral strike-slip faults. Our fieldwork raised as many questions as it answered, and we see this map as a progress report at a reconnaissance level. The main contributions of this map are 1) the greater distribution of Triassic rocks, 2) increased fossil age information, and 3) the identification of thrust faults within and between units.

Karl, Susan M.; Haeussler, Peter J.; McCafferty, Anne E.

1999-01-01

311

50 CFR Figure 10 to Part 679 - Pribilof Islands Area Habitat Conservation Zone in the Bering Sea  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

50 ? Wildlife and Fisheries ? 13 ? 2013-10-01 ? 2013-10-01 ? false ? Pribilof Islands Area Habitat Conservation Zone in the Bering Sea ? 10 ? Figure 10 to Part 679 ? Wildlife and Fisheries ? FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

2013-10-01

312

50 CFR Figure 10 to Part 679 - Pribilof Islands Area Habitat Conservation Zone in the Bering Sea  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

50 ? Wildlife and Fisheries ? 13 ? 2012-10-01 ? 2012-10-01 ? false ? Pribilof Islands Area Habitat Conservation Zone in the Bering Sea ? 10 ? Figure 10 to Part 679 ? Wildlife and Fisheries ? FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

2012-10-01

313

Recent Advances in Mapping Deep Permafrost and Gas Hydrate Occurrences Using Industry Seismic Data, Richards Island Area, Northwest Territories, Canada  

E-print Network

101 Recent Advances in Mapping Deep Permafrost and Gas Hydrate Occurrences Using Industry Seismic by industry over the Mallik area in 2002 is used to map heterogeneities in permafrost and to determine amplitudes, locally compromising images of the geology within and below the permafrost. On Richards Island

Ramachandran, Kumar

314

1. WET SPOT NEAR NORTH PROJECT BOUNDARY, WHERE RHODES DITCH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. WET SPOT NEAR NORTH PROJECT BOUNDARY, WHERE RHODES DITCH RECEIVES WATER FROM A NATURAL DRAINAGE. VIEW TO SOUTH. - Natomas Ditch System, Rhodes Ditch, West of Bidwell Street, north of U.S. Highway 50, Folsom, Sacramento County, CA

315

Fraser Island Lady Elliot Island  

E-print Network

BRISBANE Fraser Island Lady Elliot Island Lady Musgrave Island Wilson Island Heron Island Great Hinchinbrook Island Lizard Island Double Island Green Island Fitzroy Island North and South Stradbroke Islands

Wang, Yan

316

Volatile organic compounds detected in vapor-diffusion samplers placed in sediments along and near the shoreline at Allen Harbor Landfill and Calf Pasture Point, Davisville, Rhode Island, March-April 1998  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Volatile organic compounds are present in ground water at the Allen Harbor Landfill and the Calf Pasture Point sites on the former Naval Construction Battalion Center in Davisville, R.I. Vapor-diffusion samplers were used at the two sites during March-April 1998 to identify possible discharge points for contaminants along the shore of Allen Harbor and in two wetland areas near the shore. Results from vapor-diffusion samplers will be used in conjunction with other site information to evaluate proposed ground-water monitoring programs. Volatile organic compounds were detected in 41 of 115 samplers placed along the shoreline at the Allen Harbor Landfill. Trichloroethylene was the principal volatile organic compound detected of eight target compounds. The highest vapor concentration measured exceeded 300,000 parts per billion by volume in an area where TCE was detected in groundwater from nearby monitoring wells. Other chemicals detected in vapor-diffusion samplers included tetrachloroethylene, toluene, and benzene. Concentrations of individual volatile organic compounds were less than 100 parts per billion by volume in most samplers. Volatile organic compounds, principally trichloroethylene, were detected in 7 of 30 samplers placed along the shoreline at Calf Pasture Point; the highest trichloroethylene concentration was 1,900 parts per billion by volume. A trace concentration of tetrachloroethylene was detected in one of the samplers. One of 24 samplers placed in two wetland areas near the shore (suspected discharge areas for ground-water containing volatile organic compounds) detected trichloroethylene at a vapor concentration of 14 parts per billion by volume.

Lyford, F. P.; Kliever, J. D.; Scott, Clifford

1999-01-01

317

Paleoenvironmental reconstructions of Nettilling Lake area (Baffin Island, Nunavut): A multi-proxy analysis.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paleoclimate and paleolimnological history of several Arctic regions remains poorly known. This is the case for the area around Nettilling Lake (Baffin Island, Nunavut), the largest lake of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. To reconstruct the past environmental history of this area, a highly innovative multi-proxy approach combining physical, magnetic, chemical and biological properties preserved in lake sediments was used. One particular goal of this study was to investigate the possible coupling between sedimentation processes observed in the lake and melt rates of nearby Penny Ice Cap. A 1-m long sediment core was retrieved from a small bay in the northeastern part of Nettilling Lake during the summer of 2010. This sampling area was chosen based on the hypothesis that incoming glacial meltwaters from Penny Ice Cap would leave a strong climate-modulated signal that would be reflected in the sedimentary sequence. The core was analyzed by both non-destructive (X-radiography (X-ray), microfluorescence-X (µ-XRF), magnetic susceptibility) and destructive (Loss On Ignition, grain size, water content, thin sections, diatoms) techniques. Radiometric AMS 14C and 210Pb/137Cs age determinations, as well as paleomagnetic measurements, were used to develop the core chronology, yielding an estimated bottom age of approximately 1365 AD. The sedimentation rate (0.15 cm.yr-1) in Nettilling Lake was found to be high compared to other Arctic lakes, due to inputs of highly turbid meltwaters from Penny Ice Cap with high suspended sediment loads. Significant correlations were found between geochemical profiles of elements linked to detrital inputs (Si, Ti, K, Ca) and melt rates from Penny Ice Cap since the 19th century. This suggests that variations in detrital elements in Nettilling Lake sediments might be used as an indirect indicator of regional climate fluctuations (e.g., summer temperatures) that determine glacier melt rates.

Beaudoin, Anne; Pienitz, Reinhard; Francus, Pierre; Zdanowicz, Christian; St-Onge, Guillaume

2014-05-01

318

UV nanoimprint lithography for the realization of large-area ordered SiGe/Si(001) island arrays  

SciTech Connect

We use UV nanoimprint lithography for the pit-patterning of silicon substrates. Ordered silicon-germanium islands are grown inside these pits by molecular-beam epitaxy on arrays of 3x3 mm{sup 2} and characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. AFM-based statistics reveals an extremely uniform size distribution of the islands in the patterned areas. These results are confirmed by very narrow and uniform PL peaks recorded at various positions across the patterned arrays.

Lausecker, E.; Brehm, M.; Grydlik, M.; Hackl, F.; Fromherz, T.; Schaeffler, F.; Bauer, G. [Institute of Semiconductor and Solid State Physics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, 4040 Linz (Austria); Bergmair, I.; Muehlberger, M. [Functional Surfaces and Nanostructures, Profactor GmbH, 4407 Steyr-Gleink (Austria)

2011-04-04

319

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Management Area Pollock Seasons, 1991-2013 Updated 4/10/14  

E-print Network

Page 1 Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Management Area Pollock Seasons, 1991-2013 Updated 4/10/14 Area and 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 Sector Season Open Close Days Open Close Days Open Close Days Open Close Days Open Close Days Inshore BS A Season 20-Jan 6-Mar 46 20-Jan 24-Mar 63 20-Jan 2-Mar 41 20-Jan 1

320

33 CFR 334.921 - Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...REGULATIONS § 334.921 Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...enforced by the Commander, Naval Base, San Diego, and such agencies as he/she...

2013-07-01

321

33 CFR 334.921 - Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...REGULATIONS § 334.921 Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...enforced by the Commander, Naval Base, San Diego, and such agencies as he/she...

2010-07-01

322

33 CFR 334.921 - Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...REGULATIONS § 334.921 Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...enforced by the Commander, Naval Base, San Diego, and such agencies as he/she...

2012-07-01

323

33 CFR 334.921 - Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...REGULATIONS § 334.921 Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...enforced by the Commander, Naval Base, San Diego, and such agencies as he/she...

2011-07-01

324

Rethinking Biodiversity Conservation Effectiveness and Evaluation in the National Protected Areas Systems of Tropical Islands: The Case of Jamaica and the Dominican Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Island conservation theory and practice with regard to conservation of tropical terrestrial biodiversity in protected areas systems has yet to be adequately addressed in conservation literature. This knowledge gap is identified as a key contributor to the adoption of scientific principles for in situ biodiversity conservation, and “universal” conservation and protected area management paradigms that are unsuitable for island contexts

Suzanne Mae Camille Davis

2010-01-01

325

Cooperative Island Growth of Large Area Single-Crystal Graphene by Chemical Vapor Deposition on Cu  

SciTech Connect

We describe a two-step approach for suppressing nucleation of graphene on Cu using chemical vapor deposition. In the first step, as received Cu foils are oxidized in air at temperatures up to 500 C to remove surface impurities and to induce the regrowth of Cu grains during subsequent annealing in H2 flow at 1040 C prior to graphene growth. In the second step, transient reactant cooling is performed by using a brief Ar pulse at the onset of growth to induce collisional deactivation of the carbon growth species. The combination of these two steps results in a three orders of magnitude reduction in the graphene nucleation density, enabling the growth of millimeter-size single crystal graphene grains. A kinetic model shows that suppressing nucleation promotes a cooperative island growth mode that favors the formation of large area single crystal graphene, and it is accompanied by a roughly 3 orders of magnitude increase in the reactive sticking probability of methane compared to that in random nucleation growth.

Regmi, Murari [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Rouleau, Christopher [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Puretzky, Alexander A [ORNL; Ivanov, Ilia N [ORNL; Geohegan, David B [ORNL; Chen, Jihua [ORNL; Eastman, Jeffrey [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Eres, Gyula [ORNL

2014-01-01

326

Thermal maturation in the Ellef Ringnes Island and surrounding area, Sverdrup Basin  

SciTech Connect

Determining thermal maturity studies in the Ellef Ringnes Island area was complicated by numerous factors, such as the presence of cavings, bitumen staining, and igneous intrusions. Cavings are a problem in certain intervals in Hoodoo H-37, Dome Bay P-36, and Helicopter J-12. Bitumen staining resulting in suppression of reflectance has occurred in the lower part of the Jameson Bay shales in Elve M-40. Thick sills resulted in increase of Ro to 4.0%, whereas thin sills had a minimal impact on reflectance increase. Other features observed include overpressuring caused by hydrocarbon generation in the Schei Point source rocks as well as in the Jameson and Ringnes Shales, and a kinky Ro profile caused by the presence of low-permeability gas-bearing reservoirs in the Heiberg sandstones in Jackson Bay G-16A. The presence of sapropelic coals with HI up to 329 mg HC/gTOC in Heiberg sandstones in Elve M-40 containing Botryococcus algae should also be noted.

Gentzis, T. [National Centre for Upgrading Technology, Devon, Alberta (Canada); Goodarzi, F. [National Resources Canada, Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Geological Survey of Canada

1998-12-01

327

The impact of volcanic gases from Miyake island on the chemical constituents in precipitation in the Tokyo metropolitan area.  

PubMed

The volcano on Miyake Island first erupted in July 2000 and continuous emission of volcanic gas from the collapsed caldera has been observed from the middle of August 2000. The large volcanic emission of SO2 had a strong influence on Tokyo metropolitan area, which is located approximately 150 km north of Miyake Island. We measured major ions in precipitation and dry deposition samples which had been collected at five sampling sites (Yokohama, Kashiwa, Fujisawa, Yokosuka, and Hachioji) in the Tokyo metropolitan area for 12 years since 1990. We have evaluated quantitatively the impact of the volcanic SO2 gas emitted from Miyake Island on the Tokyo metropolitan area by comparing depositional ionic constituents in the volcanic degassing period (from September 2000 to August 2001) with those in the normal period of the past 10 years (September 1990 to August 2000). nss-SO4(2-) concentrations in precipitation at the sampling sites in the Tokyo metropolitan area were 59.5-77.0 microeq/L during the degassing period, and 33.3-44.1 microeq/L during the normal period, respectively. The difference of nss-SO4(2-) concentrations between the two periods was statistically significant. In contrast, no significant differences were observed in the concentrations of the other major ions (NH4+, nss-Ca2+, Cl-, and NO3-) between the two periods. The impact of volcanic degassing from Miyake Island on the ionic concentrations in the precipitation of the Tokyo metropolitan area was seen only in the H+ and nss-SO4(2-) concentrations. The annual wet deposition amount of volcanic nss-SO4(2-) into the Tokyo metropolitan area has been quantitatively estimated. The annual wet deposition amounts were calculated as 701+/-277 Meq/year (22.4+/-8.9 kt SO2/year) on the total area of the Tokyo metropolitan area (14,000 km2). The wet deposition amount of nss-SO4(2-) corresponds to only 0.15% of the total annual amount of volcanic SO2 (15 Mt/year) emitted from Miyake Island from September 2000 to August 2001. This estimation is consistent with a previous study which reported that 0.3% of the atmospheric discharge of SO2 from the volcano in Mt. Etna in Sicily was deposited by precipitation to the surrounding area (1200 km2). The annual wet deposition amount of volcanic SO2 to the Tokyo metropolitan area was at the same order of the magnitude (37+/-15%) as the annual anthropogenic SO2 amount (60 kt/year) emitted from the Tokyo metropolitan area. PMID:15833251

Okuda, Tomoaki; Iwase, Tamami; Ueda, Hideko; Suda, Yusuke; Tanaka, Shigeru; Dokiya, Yukiko; Fushimi, Katsuhiko; Hosoe, Morikazu

2005-04-01

328

HIV among Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders in the United States and Dependent Areas  

MedlinePLUS

... HIV/AIDS HIV A-Z Topics Share Compartir HIV Among Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders in ... and blacks/African Americans (31%). The Numbers New HIV Infections d In 2010, NHOPI accounted for less ...

329

Astronomical Orientations of Ancient Temples at Rhodes and Attica with a Tentative Intepretation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Archaeoastronomical orientations of twelve temples and sacred places from Attica and the island of Rhodes, Greece are presented. Azimuths, angular altitude of skyline, star declinations, star attribution and solar season are produced from field measurements and home made software. The sites includes Rhodes (Aphrodite, Athena of Kamiros, Athena Polias at Ialyssos, Nymphaeon and two unknown temples at Lindos and Kamiros), Attica (two temples of Nemesis at Ramnous and in Eleusis the Telesterion, Ploutonion, Artemis Propylaea and a Mycenean megaron B). For six of them a tentative interpretation is made. The solar equinoxes and winter solstice, the Antares (alpha of Scorpion), the Delta of Centauri and the Orion seem to be related to the measured orientations.

Liritzis, I.; Vassiliou, H.

330

76 FR 2572 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands, RMI  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Class E Airspace; Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands, RMI AGENCY: Federal Aviation...Class E airspace; Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands, RMI (75 FR 61993). Specifically...airspace area for Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands, RMI, as published in the...

2011-01-14

331

THE RHODES SCHOLARSHIP 2013 Notes of Guidance  

E-print Network

number ­ use the radio buttons on the form to designate either a home or mobile/cell telephone as your details of your current permanent residence only. #12;3 of 7 Page 4: Education Details Please provide information about your University education only. Applicants for the Rhodes Scholarship in Canada should

Hitchcock, Adam P.

332

Rhodes College and Opera Memphis Web Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rhodes College (Memphis, Tennessee) History of Opera class collaborated with Opera Memphis to create a documentary on regional opera production, to present online information about Opera Memphis through a World Wide Web home page, and to construct a class home page to be used as a repository for examples of creative writing. The project…

Gray, Patricia

333

Rhodes University EE and Sustainability Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, in response to the emphasis laid on environment and development issues by the new South African Constitution, Rhodes University undertook several initiatives such as establishing the first Chair of Environmental Education (EE) in Africa. Another important initiative was the introduction of an open-entry participatory course for…

Sisitka, Heila Lotz; Schudel, Ingrid

2007-01-01

334

Liouville Brownian motion at criticality Remi Rhodes  

E-print Network

Liouville Brownian motion at criticality R´emi Rhodes Vincent Vargas Abstract In this paper, we construct the Brownian motion of Liouville Quantum gravity when the underlying conformal field theory has to changing the speed of a standard planar Brownian motion depending on the local behaviour of the critical

Boyer, Edmond

335

Source areas and long-range transport of pollen from continental land to Tenerife (Canary Islands)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canary Islands, due to their geographical position, constitute an adequate site for the study of long-range pollen transport from the surrounding land masses. In this study, we analyzed airborne pollen counts at two sites: Santa Cruz de Tenerife (SCO), at sea level corresponding to the marine boundary layer (MBL), and Izaña at 2,367 m.a.s.l. corresponding to the free troposphere (FT), for the years 2006 and 2007. We used three approaches to describe pollen transport: (1) a classification of provenances with an ANOVA test to describe pollen count differences between sectors; (2) a study of special events of high pollen concentrations, taking into consideration the corresponding meteorological synoptic pattern responsible for transport and back trajectories; and (3) a source-receptor model applied to a selection of the pollen taxa to show pollen source areas. Our results indicate several extra-regional pollen transport episodes to Tenerife. The main provenances were: (1) the Mediterranean region, especially the southern Iberian Peninsula and Morocco, through the trade winds in the MBL. These episodes were characterized by the presence of pollen from trees ( Casuarina, Olea, Quercus perennial and deciduous types) mixed with pollen from herbs ( Artemisia, Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae and Poaceae wild type). (2) The Saharan sector, through transport at the MBL level carrying pollen principally from herbs (Chenopodiaceae-Amaranthaceae, Cyperaceae and Poaceae wild type) and, in one case, Casuarina pollen, uplifted to the free troposphere. And (3) the Sahel, characterized by low pollen concentrations of Arecaceae, Chenopodiaceae-Amaranthaceae, Cyperaceae and Poaceae wild type in sporadic episodes. This research shows that sporadic events of long-range pollen transport need to be taken into consideration in Tenerife as possible responsible agents in respiratory allergy episodes. In particular, it is estimated that 89-97% of annual counts of the highly allergenous Olea originates from extra-regional sources in southern Iberia and northern Africa.

Izquierdo, Rebeca; Belmonte, Jordina; Avila, Anna; Alarcón, Marta; Cuevas, Emilio; Alonso-Pérez, Silvia

2011-01-01

336

A geological-acoustical framework for an integrated environmental evaluation in Mediterranean marine protected areas. Marettimo Island, a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A GEOLOGICAL-ACOUSTICAL FRAMEWORK FOR AN INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATION IN MEDITERRANEAN MARINE PROTECTED AREAS. MARETTIMO ISLAND, A CASE STUDY. M. Agate (1), R. Catalano (1), R. Chemello (2), C. Lo Iacono (1) &S. Riggio (2) (1)Dipartimento di Geologia e Geodesia dell'Università di Palermo, via Archirafi 26, 90123 Palermo, clageo@katamail.com, rcatal@unipa.it (2)Dipartimento di Biologia animale dell'Università di Palermo, via Archirafi 18, 90123

M. Agate; R. Catalano; R. Chemello; C. Lo Iacono; S. Riggio

2003-01-01

337

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 29, 2007  

E-print Network

: Two season tickets for the 2007-2008 URI Men's Basketball home games; two season tickets for the 2007, family and friends at the Providence Performing Arts Center for the musical play Michelangelo by URI person. Register online or contact Gina Dei at 401-874-5808 or gmdei@advance.uri. edu. Get in the game

Rhode Island, University of

338

David A. Bengtson Department of Zoology. University of Rhode Island  

E-print Network

to starvation increased with age: 60 h in 6-day-old-larvae, 72 h in 16- day-old larvae, 8 d in 33-day that bio- chemical criteria are either not good indicators (protein content) or are sensitive to starvation, objectivity, ease of in- terpretation, and exemption from shrinkage calibration. These re- sults suggest

339

University of Rhode Island inAdvance November 22, 2006  

E-print Network

and grant programs. Feeling that holiday stress coming on? Take a break from the hustle and bustle. On December 9, the Ram Alumni Academy for Lifelong Learning is sponsoring Tips for Coping with the Stresses of college-age women by Kathleen Melanson, assistant professor of nutrition and food sciences at URI

Rhode Island, University of

340

University of Rhode Island inAdvance November 23, 2005  

E-print Network

Colloquium series concludes with head of President's Council on Physical Fitness, foremost expert on aging Melissa Johnson, executive director of the President's Council on Physical Fitness, and Robert Butler, M

Rhode Island, University of

341

Recent Trends in Bird Abundance on Rhode Island Salt Marshes  

EPA Science Inventory

Salt marsh habitat is under pressure from development on the landward side, and sea level rise from the seaward side. The resulting loss of habitat is potentially disastrous for salt marsh dependent species. To assess the population status of three species of salt marsh dependent...

342

University of Rhode Island inAdvance January 31, 2008  

E-print Network

for a Web chat with Tom Silvia '83, group leader of the Bond group for Fidelity Management & Research... Pharmacy professor hunting killer diseases with novel research A URI pharmacy professor is developing to prevent HIV transmission. Keykavous Parang, an associate professor of biomedical and pharmaceutical

Rhode Island, University of

343

University of Rhode Island inAdvance April 12, 2007  

E-print Network

Walt Disney and a longtime executive for the Walt Disney Co., Roy Disney is also producing a feature of Science degree. More... Two students selected by Disney for youngest crew in TransPac Yacht Race URI students Robbie Kane and Jesse Fielding are among 15 students selected by yacht racer Roy Disney

Rhode Island, University of

344

University of Rhode Island inAdvance February 3, 2005  

E-print Network

around the globe Trafficking, slavery, sexual exploitation, and violence against women and children and international policies on the global issues of trafficking and exploitation of women and children. Her work Album. Former men's and women's basketball player reunion Also coming up February 26- 27 is a special

Rhode Island, University of

345

University of Rhode Island inAdvance August 17, 2006  

E-print Network

with Oxley will have the opportunity in her presentation "Forensic Chemistry: Using Science to Catch the Bad, Vulnerabilities, and Readiness: The Challenges," Monday, Sept. 25. More... URI chemistry professor and explosives thwarting a terrorist plot in London, reporters from around the world were calling URI chemistry professor

Rhode Island, University of

346

University of Rhode Island inAdvance January 3, 2008  

E-print Network

of New Year's resolutions, consider one of the great travel URI adds new chemistry major with forensics component Students can now choose to major in chemistry with a specialization in forensics. The new 130-credit major is the only forensic chemistry program in New England rooted in a bachelor of science degree

Rhode Island, University of

347

University of Rhode Island inAdvance September 29, 2005  

E-print Network

catching the species of critical concern," said URI fisheries researcher David Beutel. After further tests establishes endowment to fund geology field trips As a URI geology student in the early 1980s, John Sullivan Scotia to learn about coastal geology. Sullivan, a manager of oil and gas investm

Rhode Island, University of

348

University of Rhode Island inAdvance April 14, 2005  

E-print Network

's legendary Coach Tootell plays for women's basketball team Student-athlete Justine Boisvert trains hard to excel, but athletic excellence can also be found in her family tree. Justine is the granddaughter of Fred Tootell, legendary coach and athletic director here at URI. "Growing up, I knew that my

Rhode Island, University of

349

University of Rhode Island inAdvance July 6, 2006  

E-print Network

for the 2006 World Scholar- Athlete Games On Monday, June 26, former President Bill Clinton delivered the keynote address to the students who attended the 2006 World Scholar-Athlete Games that were held 30,000 patterns, fashion periodicals, tailoring journals and other related artifacts dating from

Rhode Island, University of

350

University of Rhode Island inAdvance December 7, 2006  

E-print Network

Society, the calendar features students from various fraternities, intramural and varsity athletics teams other groups. Fashion merchandising students styled and dressed the student models, who went through

Rhode Island, University of

351

University of Rhode Island inAdvance November 21, 2007  

E-print Network

Coach Jim Baron. Transcripts for all past chats are available online. Save the date Our 17th annual in the University's future by helping support Alumni Association scholarships. It's easy to join online! If you at reducing the risk of contracting Lyme disease. The gift is part of the Making a Difference campaign. More

Rhode Island, University of

352

University of Rhode Island inAdvance February 2, 2006  

E-print Network

community who have locked their keys in their car or have a battery that has gone south. More... Forensic Science Partnership begins spring seminar series Fingerprints, DNA, and the insanity defense are among the topics for the URI Forensic Science Seminar Series. The seminars, free and open to the the public, run

Rhode Island, University of

353

Clean Drinking Water in Rhode Island Primary Investigators  

E-print Network

of water, water quality and treatment, sewage treatment and biological treatment technology, runoff and storm water, industrial water pollution, pollution prevention, and the Blackstone River cleanup, bacteria pollution testing, conductivity testing, acid rain analysis, aeration, adsorption and a lecture

Rhode Island, University of

354

University of Rhode Island inAdvance May 25, 2006  

E-print Network

the graduates and their families on this important occasion. More... Revolutionary War shipwrecks discovered to be shipwrecks," said Rod Mather, a URI associate professor of maritime history and underwater archaeology who has wide experience studying shipwrecks on the Eastern Seaboard. More... URI retains all

Rhode Island, University of

355

University of Rhode Island inAdvance April 13, 2006  

E-print Network

, a sporty car designed to appeal to young buyers. The URI students, along with students from other New A brief delay in clamping the umbilical cords of babies born before 32 weeks protects them from bleeding that increases the amount of blood the baby receives at birth. This blood gives the baby more red blood cells

Rhode Island, University of

356

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 15, 2007  

E-print Network

-income preschool centers to build the vital language, literacy, and social skills children need to succeed students work one-to-one with at-risk children each week, assisting in the classrooms of low

Rhode Island, University of

357

University of Rhode Island inAdvance October 25, 2007  

E-print Network

-874- 4854. Men's basketball team in Daytona Beach tournament Show your Rhody pride and cheer on the URI Men's Basketball team at the Glenn Wilkes Classic in Daytona Beach, Florida, on November 16, 17, and 18. Learn more

Rhode Island, University of

358

University of Rhode Island inAdvance December 20, 2007  

E-print Network

to their best start in 16 years, winning 10 of their first 11, including the Glenn Wilkes Classic in Daytona Beach, Fla. and victories at home over PC and at Syracuse. URI is gaining plenty of attention around

Rhode Island, University of

359

University of Rhode Island inAdvance November 8, 2007  

E-print Network

19. Men's basketball team in Daytona Beach tournament Show your Rhody pride and cheer on the URI Men's Basketball team at the Glenn Wilkes Classic in Daytona Beach, Florida, on November 16, 17, and 18. Learn more

Rhode Island, University of

360

University of Rhode Island inAdvance January 18, 2007  

E-print Network

University, examine the exponential growth of the affluent sector. More... Course to explore the impact of 9/11, will teach an honors course exploring 9/11 through a study of fiction and non-fiction literature and films created since the deadly terrorist attacks. The course's objective is to identify common characteristics

Rhode Island, University of

361

University of Rhode Island inAdvance April 26, 2007  

E-print Network

on decades of success in helping to change smoking and other high-risk behaviors of teenagers and adults Institute of Drug Abuse to support its innovative research for prevention of substance abuse and other high-risk behaviors. Led by Psychology Professor Wayne Velicer, the research will focus on prevention of health-risk

Rhode Island, University of

362

University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 5 , 2008  

E-print Network

on decades of research and success in helping to change smoking and other high- risk behaviors among teenagers and adults, the University's Cancer Prevention Research Center is now bringing tailored programs

Rhode Island, University of

363

A preliminary mercury budget for Narragansett Bay (Rhode Island, USA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of total Hg (Hgt) and reactive (HgR) in Narragansett Bay, fresh water tributaries and point source discharges was determined during a synoptic survey, carried out in April, 1986. A Hg budget which includes fluvial inputs and atmospheric Hg deposition was constructed and the estuarine behavior of Hg assessed.

Grace M. Vandal; William F. Fitzgerald

1995-01-01

364

Further Dosimetry Studies at Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center.  

SciTech Connect

The RINSC is a 2 mega-watt, light water and graphite moderated and cooled reactor that has a graphite thermal column built as a user facility for sample irradiation. Over the past decade, after the reactor conversion from a highly-enriched uranium core to a low-enriched one, flux and dose measurements and calculations had been performed in the thermal column to update the ex-core parameters and to predict the effect from in-core fuel burn-up and rearrangement. The most recent data from measurements and calculations that have been made at the RINSC thermal column since October of 2005 are reported.

Reciniello,R.N.; Holden, N.E.; Hu, J.-P.; Johnson, D.G.; Meddleton, M.; Tehan, T.N.

2008-05-05

365

University of Rhode Island Alumni Relations Service Request Form  

E-print Network

: ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Event Type: (check all that apply) Social Networking Athletic Community Service Cultural Lecture/Educational Student Recruitment Please select the services you would like to request for your group. (check all that apply) Reserve on-campus space for a group event. Send a postcard or mailed invitation for your event

Rhode Island, University of

366

University of Rhode Island inAdvance July 21, 2005  

E-print Network

development, many children from low-income families have no books. Thanks to URI student-mentors, children will be held July 27 to August 2, at the Kingston Campus. "Fostering Children's Social and Emotional and children! Stay overnight or just come for the day. Learn more and register online today! Enjoy a perfect

Rhode Island, University of

367

University of Rhode Island inAdvance September 27, 2007  

E-print Network

Thorr Bjorn on November 6 and URI Men's Basketball Coach Jim Baron on November 19. 2nd annual Legacy into Russian culture Political Science Professor Nicolai Petro returned recently from a week of meetings

Rhode Island, University of

368

University of Rhode Island inAdvance February 14, 2008  

E-print Network

calendars for the A-10 Championship Series The Atlantic 10 Men's Basketball Championship Series will be held at halftime of the men's basketball game on March 8 as the URI scholar-athlete of the week, the only member students with language immersion and cultural, career awareness In January, a group of 22 students from URI

Rhode Island, University of

369

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 3, 2005  

E-print Network

, experiences, and culture of women, continues to engage students. Today nearly 300 students are enrolled in 65 and conversation. Contact Erin Colman at 401-874-2821 or uridinnerwithstranger@yahoo.com Former Basketball Player Reunion Photo Album On February 26 and 27, former URI men's and women's basketball players gathered

Rhode Island, University of

370

University of Rhode Island inAdvance July 3, 2008  

E-print Network

event. More... College, municipal police officers lining up for training programs offered by URI Police Department Eighty-six college and municipal police officers spent two days in June on the Kingston Campus participating in "Verbal Judo," the first offering of the URI Campus Police Training Institute. Taught

Rhode Island, University of

371

Executive Summary University of Rhode Island Cooperative Extension  

E-print Network

: RI Coastal Resources Management Council Ken Anderson RI Office USDA NRCS Joseph Bachand, Mount Hope of Environmental Management Sustainable Watersheds Office Scott Millar, Administrator RIDEM ISDS Section Brian Moore, Supervisor SFM Associates Scott Moorehead, South Kingstown, RI Vincent Murray, Planning Director

Gold, Art

372

University of Rhode Island inAdvance September 14, 2006  

E-print Network

, and campus community members last week. President Robert L. Carothers and other URI officials led the group Police Department who was killed in the line of duty last fall. He served as URI EMS vice commander from Affairs M. Beverly Swan said Higgins has shown through his administrative work, teaching and community

Rhode Island, University of

373

University of Rhode Island inAdvance August 2, 2007  

E-print Network

. Take a look at photos from this great family event. Pride in URI Night at McCoy Register now to attend this year's Pride in URI Night at McCoy Stadium on August 21. Cheer on the PawSox as they take on Syracuse Tournament at Metacomet Country Club, East Providence, R.I. Proceeds will benefit the Dorothy M. Noble Fund

Rhode Island, University of

374

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND POST-GRADUATION SURVEY  

E-print Network

. The mean amount of all respondents reporting a salary (n = 176) was $36,126. Women (n = 115) earned to current job field and the time needed to find employment. Detailed salary data are shown in Table 4

Rhode Island, University of

375

33 CFR 117.905 - Rhode Island [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01...Section 117.905 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...of the Conrail bridge, mile 5.5 at Grays Ferry Avenue, Philadelphia,...

2012-07-01

376

33 CFR 117.905 - Rhode Island [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...Section 117.905 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...of the Conrail bridge, mile 5.5 at Grays Ferry Avenue, Philadelphia,...

2011-07-01

377

33 CFR 117.905 - Rhode Island [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01...Section 117.905 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...of the Conrail bridge, mile 5.5 at Grays Ferry Avenue, Philadelphia,...

2010-07-01

378

33 CFR 117.905 - Rhode Island [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01...Section 117.905 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...of the Conrail bridge, mile 5.5 at Grays Ferry Avenue, Philadelphia,...

2013-07-01

379

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND POST-GRADUATION SURVEY  

E-print Network

under-represented minority groups (Black/African-American, Hispanic, and Native American) were combined) for gender and residency, however. They were significantly different for race/ethnicity when the historically because of low overall numbers. SAT scores also were significantly different (t- test at p

Rhode Island, University of

380

University of Rhode Island inAdvance October 27, 2005  

E-print Network

Red Sox cap, a big grin, and a metal bracelet engraved with the name of a soldier who was killed performance of duty in a hostile environment. More... CVS chief, executive team tour URI College of Pharmacy

Rhode Island, University of

381

University of Rhode Island inAdvance September 1, 2005  

E-print Network

of Nursing. More... Got Lyme disease? You're not alone Are you experiencing the joint pain, fatigue director of Schmidt Labor Research Center A workers' compensation conference held in 2004 honored the memory of Terry L. Thomason, director of the URI Schmidt Labor Research Center from 1999 to his death

Rhode Island, University of

382

University of Rhode Island inAdvance August 18, 2005  

E-print Network

at McCoy Stadium -- an evening of baseball, food, and Rhody fun, sponsored by the Alumni Association Sport: Obsession or Healthy Pursuit" is the focus of 2005 URI Honors Colloquium Myles Brand, president, "Contemporary Sport: Obsession or Healthy Pursuit" on September 13 at 7 p.m. The free lecture series, offered

Rhode Island, University of

383

University of Rhode Island inAdvance December 22, 2005  

E-print Network

Canyon off California in 2000 and 2002 are reported in the December 15 issue of the journal Nature. More... Nursing program goes high-tech It used to be that when nursing students had questions about their patients and the College of Nursing, a pilot group of nursing students can find health care information quickly

Rhode Island, University of

384

University of Rhode Island inAdvance May 24, 2007  

E-print Network

with a class gift of $935,648. We thank the Class of '57 for their generosity. See our photo albums! Feeling plant sciences, horticulture, turf science, and related fields. RINLA members, many of whom are URI

Rhode Island, University of

385

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 27, 2008  

E-print Network

of babies born before 32 weeks prevents bleeding in the brain and infections. The project will be conducted at Women & Infants Hospital in Providence. More... U.S. Army's best instructor teaches at URI Major Robert Edwards of Wakefield has been selected for the U.S. Army's most prestigious teaching award, the Col. Leo A

Rhode Island, University of

386

Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS). Rhode Island Supplement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to the growing number of environmental laws and regulations worldwide, the U.S. Army has adopted an environmental compliance program that identifies compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection A...

C. O'Rouke, L. A. Gifford

1994-01-01

387

76 FR 61131 - Rhode Island Disaster #RI-00008  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submit completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement Center, 14925 Kingsport Road, Fort Worth, TX 76155. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S....

2011-10-03

388

University of Rhode Island inAdvance February 28, 2008  

E-print Network

medicinal plant research. Fifty years later, the College is strengthening its work in pharmacognosy, a branch of pharmacy dealing with medicinal substances from natural sources, especially plants. To that end, it has added two new faculty members, one of whom will conduct research on higher plants, including berry

Rhode Island, University of

389

University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 22, 2006  

E-print Network

game at 7:05 p. m. Don't miss this great summer tradition. You can register online today! Rhody. Gates open at 5 p.m. for an all-you-can-eat barbecue, followed by the PawSox vs. Scranton Red Barons Vaccaro the opportunity to spend eight weeks in India, helping educate orphaned children who have been

Rhode Island, University of

390

University of Rhode Island inAdvance February 17, 2005  

E-print Network

, February 26. This great evening of dining and dancing will be held at the Hotel Viking in Newport with URI Women's Basketball Coach Tom Garrick, part of our spring chat series, sponsored by the Division

Rhode Island, University of

391

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 31, 2005  

E-print Network

Fayette is being honored for his historic leadership role in the American civil rights movement, his tireless campaigning for peace, nonviolence and human rights in domestic and international arenas, and his

Rhode Island, University of

392

University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 7, 2007  

E-print Network

: Farmers' markets increase produce consumption In recent years, there has been an effort to increase participants reported that their attendance at the markets played a role in increasing their consumption. This year, Giselle LaFrance, who graduated in May 2007 with a major in English and a minor in film media

Rhode Island, University of

393

University of Rhode Island inAdvance July 20, 2006  

E-print Network

your tickets for our annual Pride in URI Night to be held August 16 at Pawtucket's McCoy Stadium. Gates Terrorism in ports, a catastrophic natural disaster striking a center of global trade, and the disruption

Rhode Island, University of

394

University of Rhode Island inAdvance October 11, 2007  

E-print Network

... October 16 Web chat features CNN correspondent Christiane Amanpour '83 Christiane Amanpour, chief and respected television journalists. The online chat is a service of the URI Division of University Advancement

Rhode Island, University of

395

University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 8, 2006  

E-print Network

and expedition co-chief scientist. More... Hunger on front burner at Feinstein hunger center URI is the place to be if you want to look closely at the issue of hunger in America and do something about it. "There are no other undergraduate academic programs in the country on hunger," said Kathleen Gorman, director of URI

Rhode Island, University of

396

University of Rhode Island inAdvance December 21, 2006  

E-print Network

in such fields as pharmacy, nursing, nutrition, exercise science and cancer prevention, many of whom have been Union. The vehicle holds up to two persons in wheelchairs and five to nine passengers using regular

Rhode Island, University of

397

University of Rhode Island inAdvance July 19, 2007  

E-print Network

in pharmaceutical engineering This fall, the University will offer one of the nation's first undergraduate programs in pharmaceutical engineering. "URI is one of the few universities in the country to offer both a pharmacy program and an engineering program, which has enabled us to create this new track within our chemical engineering major

Rhode Island, University of

398

www.uritc.org University of Rhode Island Transportation Center  

E-print Network

, working on inorganic composite nano materials for solar cell ap- plications, and more recently, on self the durability of concrete struc- tures while simultaneously reducing energy consump- tion and mitigating carbon and Nanotechnology and an associate editor of the IEEE Transactions in Nano- technology. Bose joined URI in 1982

Rhode Island, University of

399

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 17, 2005  

E-print Network

and achievements. More... Scholar-athlete is first recipient of NCAA Post Graduate Scholarship Joy Hess, a senior field hockey star from Ephrata, Pa., has been named the first NCAA Fall Post Graduate Scholarship Westerly chief to leadership post with URI police As one of many steps being taken to upgrade

Rhode Island, University of

400

University of Rhode Island inAdvance May 11, 2006  

E-print Network

committee members is May 31. You can review the nominees and vote online. To protect your privacy, log fatalities in 2004 were alcohol related. Now, one group of URI students is working to ensure the safety of their peers by offering them ride

Rhode Island, University of

401

1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW WASHINGTON, DC 20036  

E-print Network

is the national trade association representing the companies and communities engaged in the waste-to-energy sector. Waste-to-energy facilities are relied upon nationwide for safe, effective trash disposal and the generation of clean, renewable energy. ERC members with waste-to-energy interests in Connecticut include

402

renewable energy from waste 1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW  

E-print Network

Energy and Security Act of 2009 that was released as a discussion draft on March 31. While waste-to-energy gas reductions and renewable energy provided by waste-to-energy and if it implemented policies that seek to promote it. ERC represents those engaged in the nation's waste-to-energy sector. Waste-to-energy

Columbia University

403

University of Rhode Island inAdvance May 12, 2005  

E-print Network

of great festivities, including a Sunday morning brunch at the home of President Carothers to attend URI's 119th undergraduate Commencement exercises on Sunday, May 22 won't have to miss out parking spaces for students. Officials launched the projects at a celebration of the last days of Hope

Rhode Island, University of

404

The Reality of College Readiness, 2012. Rhode Island  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annually, ACT provides each state with "The Condition of College & Career Readiness," a report that details the college readiness of students who took the ACT[R] test. This report is a companion to "The Condition of College & Career Readiness." This paper traces the college enrollment, retention, re-enrollment, and migration patterns of the 2010…

ACT, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

405

University of Rhode Island inAdvance May 8, 2008  

E-print Network

! Family Time This will be the eighth year for our Alumni Family Camp, two days of fun summer activities for adults and kids of all ages. URI Alumni Family Camp will be held July 18-20. All the details few textiles from the Mayan culture have survived, so the fabrics excavated from a tomb at the Copán

Rhode Island, University of

406

University of Rhode Island inAdvance August 16, 2007  

E-print Network

stream to support our research," said Peter Alfonso, URI vice president for research and economic 2007 This year's Homecoming, to be held October 12-14, promises to be a great weekend. New this year, energy efficiency, and energy economics and policy issues are the focus of a new initiative

Rhode Island, University of

407

EAARL Coastal Topography and Imagery-Naval Live Oaks Area, Gulf Islands National Seashore, Florida, 2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These remotely sensed, geographically referenced color-infrared (CIR) imagery and elevation measurements of lidar-derived bare-earth (BE) topography, first-surface (FS) topography, and canopy-height (CH) datasets were produced collaboratively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Science Center, St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Naval Live Oaks Area in Florida's Gulf Islands National Seashore, acquired June 30, 2007. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural-resource managers. An innovative airborne lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multispectral CIR camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for sub-meter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then processed using the Airborne Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a custom-built processing system developed in a NASA-USGS collaboration. ALPS supports the exploration and processing of lidar data in an interactive or batch mode. Modules for presurvey flight-line definition, flight-path plotting, lidar raster and waveform investigation, and digital camera image playback have been developed. Processing algorithms have been developed to extract the range to the first and last significant return within each waveform. ALPS is used routinely to create maps that represent submerged or sub-aerial topography. Specialized filtering algorithms have been implemented to determine the 'bare earth' under vegetation from a point cloud of last return elevations. For more information about similar projects, please visit the Decision Support for Coastal Science and Management website.

Nagle, David B.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Yates, Xan; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Bonisteel, Jamie M.; Klipp, Emily S.; Segura, Martha

2010-01-01

408

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND Eligibility for In State Tuition and Fees Based Upon Rhode Island High School Attendance  

E-print Network

immigration classification or other immigration status within the definition of "non immigrant alien an application for lawful United States of America immigration status, evidence of which I have attached hereto and incorporated herein, OR that I will file an application for lawful immigration status as soon as I become

Rhode Island, University of

409

A strong species?area relationship for eukaryotic soil microbes: island size matters for ectomycorrhizal fungi  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the effects of habitat size and isolation have been successfully studied for macro- organisms, there is currently debate about their relative importance in explaining patterns of microbial species richness. In this study, we examine the species richness of a dominant group of eukaryotic soil microbes, ectomycorrhizal fungi, on tree islands of constant age and host composition that range in

Kabir G. Peay; Thomas D. Bruns; Peter G. Kennedy; Sarah E. Bergemann; Matteo Garbelotto

2007-01-01

410

Groundwater Modeling of Recharge and Seepage in Coastal Area of Shelter Island West of Coecles Inlet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shelter Island draws all of its water from a thin wedge (with an average thickness of ~ 80') of the anisotropic and unconfined Upper Glacial aquifer, that is surrounded on all sides and below by saline groundwater. Consequently, the aquifer is vulnerable to contamination, mainly salt water intrusion that may be aggravated by well pumping near the coast. In order

Anthony Caniano; Teng-fong Wong; Ronald J. Paulsen

411

Energy impacts of heat island reduction strategies in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2000, the Toronto Atmospheric Fund (TAF) embarked on an initiative to quantify the potential benefits of Heat Island Reduction (HIR) strategies (shade trees, reflective roofs and pavements) in reducing cooling energy use in buildings, lowering the ambient air temperature and improve air quality. This report summarizes the efforts of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to assess the impacts of

Steven Konopacki; Hashem Akbari

2001-01-01

412

Staging and Wintering Areas of Snow Geese Nesting on Howe Island, Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

From July 1980 to July 1990, leg bands were put on 4556 adults, subadults, and goslings from the lesser snow goose (Chen caerulescens caerulescens) colony (~1000 nesting birds) on Howe Island, near Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. In addition, 1431 neck bands were put on 1714 of the leg-banded adults and subadults. During the period from September 1980 through May 1991, 3244

STEPHEN R. JOHNSON

413

Diabetes in Torres Strait Islanders: challenges and opportunities for remote area nurses.  

PubMed

Torres Strait Islanders living in the Torres Strait region have the highest prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in Australia; more than three times the rate of other Australians. Abdominal obesity and insulin resistance are the main causes for these high rates of the disorder. Further, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders diagnosed with diabetes have poorer glycaemic control and much lower rates of insulin use than non-Indigenous Australians diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes alongside extremely high rates of renal failure and other comorbidities. Interventions have been instigated in order to overcome these issues. Previously a simple recall system managed by local health workers achieved significant improvements in diabetes care, reduced diabetes-related hospitalisations by 40% and led to the implementation of a chronic disease register and recall system throughout the Torres Strait region. Nurses, Indigenous health workers and other health professionals play important roles in ensuring these interventions continue. PMID:24716761

Taylor, Sean Matthew; Usher, Kim; McDermott, Robyn

2013-12-01

414

Urban heat island in a coastal urban area in northern Spain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work examines the characteristics of the urban heat island (UHI) in a medium-sized city in northern Spain (Bilbao) using 5-year climate data (2005-2009) and the results of three specific measurement campaigns (2009-2010). Urban climate variables are not only compared with those in rural sites but also local climatic differences occurring inside the city are analysed. The findings presented in this paper show the influence of complex topography and sea/land breeze in the urban climate. Spatial characteristics and temporal evolution of UHI is presented. Hourly maximum temperature anomaly (? T u-r, max) occurs just after sunrise and an urban cold island (UCI) is developed after midday. Along the year, mean UHI intensity is highest in autumn and the UCI effect increases in spring and summer in relation with sea breeze cooling potential. Diurnal and seasonal variation of air flow patterns appear to influence significantly on UHI intensity.

Acero, Juan A.; Arrizabalaga, Jon; Kupski, Sebastian; Katzschner, Lutz

2013-07-01

415

Gas venting rates from submarine hydrothermal areas around the island of Milos, Hellenic Volcanic Arc  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas seeps were located, by echo sounding, SCUBA divers and ROV observations, at hydrothermal sites around the island of Milos, in the Hellenic Volcanic Arc. Samples were collected by SCUBA divers and by a ROV from water depths between 3 and 110 m. Fifty-six flow rates from 39 individual seeps were measured and these ranged from 0.2 to 18.51 h?1

P. R. Dando; J. A. Hughes; Y. Leahy; S. J. Niven; L. J. Taylor; C. Smith

1995-01-01

416

Energy impacts of heat island reduction strategies in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada  

SciTech Connect

In 2000, the Toronto Atmospheric Fund (TAF) embarked on an initiative to quantify the potential benefits of Heat Island Reduction (HIR) strategies (shade trees, reflective roofs and pavements) in reducing cooling energy use in buildings, lowering the ambient air temperature and improve air quality. This report summarizes the efforts of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to assess the impacts of HIR measures on building cooling- and heating-energy use. We discuss our efforts to calculate annual energy savings and peak-power avoidance of HIR strategies in the building sector of the Greater Toronto Area. The analysis is focused on three major building types that offer most saving potentials: residence, office and retail store. Using an hourly building energy simulation model, we quantify the energy saving potentials of (1) using cool roofs on individual buildings [direct effect], (2) planting deciduous shade trees near south and west walls of building [direct effect], (3) planting coniferous wind-shielding vegetation near building [direct effect], (4) ambient cooling by a large-scale program of urban reforestation with reflective building roofs and pavements [indirect effect], (5) and the combined direct and indirect effects. Results show potential annual energy savings of over $11M (with uniform residential and commercial electricity and gas prices of $0.084/kWh and $5.54/GJ) could be realized by ratepayers from the combined direct and indirect effects of HIR strategies. Of that total, about 88 percent was from the direct impact roughly divided equally among reflective roofs, shade trees and wind-shielding, and the remainder (12 percent) from the indirect impact of the cooler ambient air temperature. The residential sector accounts for over half (59 percent) of the total, offices 13 percent and retail stores 28 percent. Savings from cool roofs were about 20 percent, shade trees 30 percent, wind shielding of tree 37 percent, and indirect effect 12 percent. These results are highly sensitive to the price of gas. Assuming a residential gas price of $10.84/GJ (gas price during December 2001), the net annual savings are reduced to about $10M; about 78 percent resulted from wind-shielding, 16 percent from shading by trees, and 5 percent from cool roofs. Potential annual electricity savings were estimated at about 150GWh or over $12M, of that about 75 percent accrued from roofs and shade trees and only 2 percent from wind shielding. The indirect effect was 23 percent. Potential peak-power avoidance was estimated at 250MW with about 74 percent attributed to the direct impacts (roofs about 24 percent, shade trees 51 percent and wind-shielding a small negative percent) and the remainder (26 percent) to the indirect impact. The greatest part of avoided peak power (about 83 percent) was because of the effects of the residences and the rest shared by offices (7 percent) and retail stores (9 percent).

Konopacki, Steven; Akbari, Hashem

2001-11-30

417

A comparative study on mesozooplankton abundance and diversity between a protected and an unprotected coastal area of Andaman Islands.  

PubMed

The study was carried out to understand the variability in phytoplankton production (Chlorophyll a) and mesozooplankton diversity from two different shallow coastal regions of south Andaman viz. Port Blair Bay (PBB), the only real urban area among the islands and Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, a Marine Protected Area (MPA) at Wandoor. Seasonal sampling was carried out during the Northeast monsoon (NEM--November 2005), Intermonsoon (IM--April 2006), and Southwest monsoon (SWM--August 2006). Significant (P < 0.05) seasonal variation was observed in the environmental variables at both the regions. Higher average chlorophyll a (Chl. a) and mesozooplankton standing stock were observed at PBB compared to MPA, but the seasonal variation observed was marginal at both the study areas. Chl. a showed a steep increasing gradient from outer to the inner regions of the PBB. The number of zooplankton taxa recorded at both areas was quite similar, but marked differences were noticed in their relative contribution to the total abundance. Eventhough the Copepoda dominated at both the areas, the non-copepod taxa differed significantly between the regions. Dominance of carnivores such as siphonophores and chaetognaths were noticed at PBB, while filter feeders such as appendicularians and decapod larvae were more abundant at MPA. A total of 20 and 21 copepod families was recorded from PBB and MPA, respectively. Eleven species of chaetognaths were observed as common at both areas. Larval decapods were found to be predominant at MPA with 20 families; whereas, at PBB, only 12 families were recorded. In the light of the recent reports on various changes occurring in the coastal waters of the Andaman Islands, it is suspected that the difference in Chl. a as well as the mesozooplankton standing stock and community structure observed between the two study areas may be related to the various anthropogenic events influencing the coastal waters. PMID:24729177

Pillai, Honey U K; Jayalakshmy, K V; Biju, A; Jayalakshmi, K J; Paulinose, V T; Devi, C B L; Nair, V R; Revichandran, C; Menon, N R; Achuthankutty, C T; Panampunnayil, S U

2014-06-01

418

Degradation of marine ecosystems and decline of fishery resources in marine protected areas in the US Virgin Islands  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The large number of marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Caribbean (over 100) gives a misleading impression of the amount of protection the reefs and other marine resources in this region are receiving. This review synthesizes information on marine resources in two of the first MPAs established in the USA, namely Virgin Islands National Park (1962) and Buck Island Reef National Monument (1961), and provides compelling evidence that greater protection is needed, based on data from some of the longest running research projects on coral reefs, reef fish assemblages, and seagrass beds for the Caribbean. Most of the stresses affecting marine resources throughout the Caribbean (e.g. damage from boats, hurricanes and coral diseases) are also causing deterioration in these MPAs. Living coral cover has decreased and macroalgal cover has increased. Seagrass densities have decreased because of storms and anchor damage. Intensive fishing in the US Virgin Islands has caused loss of spawning aggregations and decreases in mean fish size and abundance. Groupers and snappers are far less abundant and herbivorous fishes comprise a greater proportion of samples than in the 1960s. Effects of intensive fishing are evident even within MPA boundaries. Although only traditional fishing with traps of 'conventional design' is allowed, commercial trap fishing is occurring. Visual samples of fishes inside and outside Virgin Islands National 'Park showed no significant differences in number of species, biomass, or mean size of fishes. Similarly, the number of fishes per trap was statistically similar inside and outside park waters. These MPAs have not been effective because an unprecedented combination of natural and human factors is assaulting the resources, some of the greatest damage is from stresses outside the control of park managers (e.g. hurricanes), and enforcement of the few regulations has been limited. Fully functioning MPAs which prohibit fishing and other extractive uses (e.g. no-take marine reserves) could reverse some of the degradation, allowing replenishment of the fishery resources and recovery of benthic habitats.

Rogers, C. S.; Beets, J.

2001-01-01

419

Urban heat island and air pollution--an emerging role for hospital respiratory admissions in an urban area.  

PubMed

The aim of the study discussed here was to determine the associations among the urban heat island (UHI), air quality, and hospital respiratory admissions in the warm center of an urban area. The authors collected and analyzed the data regarding air quality parameters, meteorological parameters, and the daily hospital respiratory admissions in the Taichung metropolis in the autumns of 2003 and 2004. By collecting the vertical meteorological parameters and air pollutant concentrations via the tethersonde balloon technique, the authors simulated convergence in Dali using The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) for the atmospheric conditions. The authors also examined the hypotheses with Duncan's Multiple Range test, and analyzed spatial patterns vis-à-vis air temperature, air quality, and hospital respiratory admissions with GIS. The results indicated that the UHI phenomenon-which generates convergence and then transports air pollutants to a metropolitan area-increases hospital respiratory admissions in the warm center of an urban area. PMID:20104832

Lai, Li-Wei; Cheng, Wan-Li

2010-01-01

420

Achieving smoke-free apartment outdoor area policies in Asian/Pacific islander neighborhoods of central Los Angeles.  

PubMed

Attempting to achieve non-smoking outdoor area policies in apartment complexes of Central Los Angeles Asian/Pacific Islander neighborhoods, People's CORE, a community based organization, partnered with a professional evaluator for a three year campaign. Focus group discussion results with residents showed readiness as well as hesitation towards non-smoking policies. Through community organizing, focus group discussions with tenants and one-on-one education outreach activities to apartment managers, the organization managed to have 20 apartment complexes adopt and implement policies for smoking restrictions in their common outdoor areas. Pre- and post observations at 52 apartment complexes showed statistically significant reduction of tobacco litter in parking areas/garages, entrance ways, courtyards, and balcony/walkway/community rooms. The authors attribute the success of the project in part to the long-standing good reputation of People's CORE as a community mobilizer and organizer. PMID:22447178

Treiber, Jeanette; Acosta-Deprez, Veronica; Kipke, Robin; Satterlund, Travis; Araquel, Christine

2012-10-01

421

Simulation of ground-water flow and potential contaminant transport at Area 6 Landfill, Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, Island County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A three-dimensional finite-difference steady-state ground-water flow model was developed to simulate hydraulic conditions at the Area 6 Landfill, Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, near Oak Harbor, Washington. Remediation efforts were started in 1995 in an attempt to contain trichloroethene and other contaminants in the ground water. The model was developed as a tool to test the effectiveness of the pump-and-treat remediation efforts as well as alternative remediation strategies. The model utilized stratigraphic data from approximately 76 Navy and 19 private wells to define the geometry of the shallow, intermediate, and deep aquifers and the intervening confining layers. Initial aquifer parameters and recharge estimates from aquifer tests and published remedial investigation reports were used in the model and then adjusted until simulated water levels closely matched observed water-level data collected prior to the onset of remediation in 1995. The calibrated model was then modified to depict the remedial pump-and-treat system, in which contaminated ground water is extracted, treated, and returned to the ground surface for infiltration. The water levels simulated by the modified model were compared with observed water levels for the 1998 calendar year, during which time the pump-and-treat system was in nearly continuous operation and the ground-water system had equilibrated to steady-state conditions. Although artificial boundaries were used in the model, the choice of model boundary conditions was simulation in the area of primary concern surrounding the western contaminant plume and extraction wells. Particle tracking results indicate that the model can effectively simulate the advective transport of contaminants from the source area to the pumping wells and thus be used to test alternative remedial pumping strategies.

Simonds, F. William

2002-01-01

422

Larviciding offshore islands reduces adulticidal treatment of populated areas adjacent to national wildlife refuges.  

PubMed

The Florida Keys Mosquito Control District has conducted larvicide missions on uninhabited offshore islands of the Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge and the National Key Deer Refuge since 2003. The objective of these missions is to reduce the need to apply adulticides on nearby populated islands where private lands are interspersed with refuge lands that support a diverse assemblage of native butterflies and insect-pollinated plants on Big Pine Key, No Name Key, Little Torch Key, Middle Torch Key, and Big Torch Key (the Torch Keys). More than 800 visits were made to refuge islands by Florida Keys Mosquito Control District personnel; 334 aerial larvicide missions were flown. From 2003 to 2010, a marked reduction in adult mosquito numbers was seen on Big Pine Key, and to a lesser extent on No Name Key. Seasonal distribution of mosquitoes was not different, however. Number of aerial adulticide missions flown on Big Pine Key, No Name Key, and the Torch Keys was 2, 1, and 2 in 2003; 9, 10, and 7 in 2004; 4, 4, and 2 in 2005; 6, 6, and 7 in 2006; 1, 0, and 0 in 2007; 3, 2, and 4 in 2008; 4, 3, and 4 in 2009; and 1, 1, and 3 in 2010, respectively. This is a dramatic reduction from prior years; from 1998 to 2002, 57 aerial adulticide missions were flown on Big Pine Key, 45 missions were flown on No Name Key, and 38 on the Torch Keys. Larviciding is an important component of an integrated approach to mosquito management that seeks to reduce environmental impacts on the national wildlife refuges. PMID:22329274

Hribar, Lawrence J; Fussell, Edsel M; Leal, Andrea L

2011-12-01

423

Seasonal change in foraging areas and dive depths of breeding king penguins at Heard Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

The seasonal variation in the foraging behaviour of king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) was studied at Heard Island (53°05?S, 73°30?E) during 1992\\/1993. On seven occasions throughout the breeding cycle, time-depth-light\\u000a recorders were deployed on breeding adults to record the dive activities and foraging. Foraging locations changed with season:\\u000a in autumn and spring 1992, adults foraged between 48–52°S and 74–78°E, about 370?km

Geoffrey J. Moore; Barbara Wienecke; Graham Robertson

1999-01-01

424

29. Aerial photograph (1973) looking south across Gould Island. Firing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. Aerial photograph (1973) looking south across Gould Island. Firing pier (still possessing third and fourth levels) in foreground. Pitched roof extending from south end of firing pier marks location of frame approach between pier and shop building (center rear) and power plant (to right of shop). Photo courtesy of Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Newport, Rhode Island. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

425

Tidal flat sedimentation during the last millennium in the northern area of Tidra Island, Banc d’Arguin, Mauritania  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The area around the Tidra Island is a complex and highly dynamic clastic tidal flat system. The character of the northern part of this area is outlined, together with its sedimentary changes through time and the different depositional environments that shaped this coastal area in the last centuries are reconstructed. The multi-proxy approach together with 14C-dating has led to the identification of four main types of deposits using the modern facies distribution as an analogue: A ˜800-440 cal yr BP old sandy shoreface, different types of tidal flats (sand to mudflat) that discontinuously developed on top of this older shoreface deposit, seagrass stands in the most recent part of the sedimentary succession and at least two storm deposits of various ages within the record. The interpretation of the cores' highly non-continuous succession allows the postulation of a constructive sandy shoreface that covered large parts of the area. The in most cases erosive boundary between this older deposit and the overlying tidal flat deposits indicates that a short-lived event eroded parts of this sandy shoreface deposit. According to the latest studies, recent sea-level fluctuations can be excluded so it is suggested that a major storm event eroded parts of the sandy shoreface to about 2-2.5 m below the modern mean low water. This erosive storm event possibly produced accommodation space in the water column for the renewed accumulation of sediments so that tidal flat sediments could evolve on top of the sandy shoreface deposits. At least one other storm event led to further reshaping of the area and finally the modern tidal flats and seagrass stands in the proximity of Tidra Island formed. As shown in current research [e.g. Barusseau, J.P., Vernet, R., Saliège, J.F., Descamps, C., 2007. Late Holocene sedimentary forcing and human settlements in the Jerf el Oustani - Ras el Sass region (Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania). Geomorphologie-Relief Processus Environnement 1, 7-18], these observations are in contrast to the overall constructive coastline evolution the Golfe d'Arguin. This is probably linked to the exceptional position of the Tidra Island area that represents a morphological protrusion in the coastline and is thus also exposed to erosive processes rather than sediment accumulation.

Proske, Ulrike; Hanebuth, Till J. J.; Meggers, Helge; Leroy, Suzanne A. G.

2008-01-01

426

Culturing a plant microbiome community at the cross-Rhodes  

E-print Network

census of the plant microbiota in a culture-independent manner and use this as a springboard for moreMeetings Culturing a plant microbiome community at the cross-Rhodes 28th New Phytologist Symposium: Functions and ecology of the plant microbiome, Rhodes, Greece, May 2012 Plants live in close association

Dangl, Jeff

427

Seasonal occurrence and distribution of microbial indicators and pathogens in the Rhode River of Chesapeake Bay.  

PubMed

The seasonal incidence and occurrence of indicator organisms and pathogens were studied at four sites in the Rhode River, a subestuary of Chesapeake Bay. The highest frequency of occurrence of total and fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci was in Muddy Creek, a marsh area receiving pasture land runoff. Second highest frequency of occurrence of these bacteria was in Cadle Creek, a populated area. Lowest measurements of these parameters were obtained at stations in the central portion of the Rhode River. No Salmonella spp. were detected by the methods employed in this study. However, it is concluded that if these organisms are present, the concentrations are less than or equal to 1 organism per liter. The presence of Clostridium botulinum was detected in 12% of the samples tested. PMID:812423

Carney, J F; Carty, C E; Colwell, R R

1975-11-01

428

A GIS for the Antarctic specially managed area of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica  

Microsoft Academic Search

A GIS is proposed as a tool for the managing plan for the Antarctic specially managed area (ASMA) in Admiralty Bay. The ASMA\\u000a comprises the area considered to be within the glacial drainage basin of the bay. Furthermore, it includes part of SSSI No.\\u000a 8 adjacent to the area but outside of the glacial drainage basin. Three stations and six

Jefferson Cardia Simões; Fo A. Ferron; Matthias Braun; J. Arigony Neto; F. E. Aquino

2001-01-01

429

Effects of Sea-Level Rise and Pumpage Elimination on Saltwater Intrusion in the Hilton Head Island Area, South Carolina, 2004-2104.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Saltwater intrusion of the Upper Floridan aquifer has been observed in the Hilton Head area, South Carolina since the late 1970s and currently affects freshwater supply. Rising sea level in the Hilton Head Island area may contribute to the occurrence of a...

D. F. Payne

2009-01-01

430

The influence of urban reconstruction in urban heat island effect: Cangxia area of Fuzhou City, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The urban development is usually accompanied with the re-planning and reconstruction of the old urban area, which is one of the key issues of the urban development program. Over the past decade, Fuzhou City of Fujian province, SE China, has speeded up its reconstruction progress. The Cangxia area, located in the southwestern of the city, was replaned and reconstructed to

Fei Tang; Hanqiu Xu

2010-01-01

431

33 CFR 334.950 - Pacific Ocean at San Clemente Island, California; Navy shore bombardment areas.  

...The waters of the Pacific Ocean within an area beginning at China Point Light; extending in a direction of 181 degrees true...The waters of the Pacific Ocean within an area beginning at China Point Light; extending in a direction of 181 degrees...

2014-07-01

432

33 CFR 334.1440 - Pacific Ocean at Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands; missile testing area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...through the area. (2) All ships are advised to contact Kwajalein Control (2716 KC for voice, 500 KC for CW initial contact, and 468 KC for CW working) before entering the area. [31 FR 9850, July 21, 1966. Redesignated at 50 FR 42696,...

2010-07-01

433

33 CFR 334.1440 - Pacific Ocean at Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands; missile testing area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...through the area. (2) All ships are advised to contact Kwajalein Control (2716 KC for voice, 500 KC for CW initial contact, and 468 KC for CW working) before entering the area. [31 FR 9850, July 21, 1966. Redesignated at 50 FR 42696,...

2012-07-01

434

33 CFR 334.1440 - Pacific Ocean at Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands; missile testing area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...through the area. (2) All ships are advised to contact Kwajalein Control (2716 KC for voice, 500 KC for CW initial contact, and 468 KC for CW working) before entering the area. [31 FR 9850, July 21, 1966. Redesignated at 50 FR 42696,...

2013-07-01

435

33 CFR 334.920 - Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...extending easterly from the east coast of San Clemente Island, California, described...Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California. [23 FR 2098,...

2013-07-01

436

33 CFR 334.920 - Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...extending easterly from the east coast of San Clemente Island, California, described...Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California. [23 FR 2098,...

2011-07-01

437

33 CFR 334.920 - Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...extending easterly from the east coast of San Clemente Island, California, described...Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California. [23 FR 2098,...

2012-07-01

438

33 CFR 334.920 - Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Pacific Ocean off the east coast of San Clemente Island, Calif.; naval restricted...extending easterly from the east coast of San Clemente Island, California, described...Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California. [23 FR 2098,...

2010-07-01

439

A Sharp Continent-Ocean Transition in the Area of the Canary Islands: Evidence From Upper Mantle and Lower Crustal Xenoliths  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our present information on passive margins rests almost exclusively on seismic and density data. An important exception is the west Iberia margin where petrological and geochemical information on crustal and mantle rocks have been made available through drilling experiments. In order to increase our information about, and understanding of, passive margins and their mode of formation, more information on crustal and mantle rocks along different types of passive margins are needed. In the area of the Canary Islands such information has been obtained through the study of mantle and deep crustal xenoliths brought to the surface by basaltic magmas. In-situ laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS mineral analyses have enabled us to "see through" the effects of the Canary Islands event and obtain robust information about the original (pre-Canarian) chemical character of the crust and upper mantle on which these islands are built. Our studies show that the lithosphere beneath the Canary Islands originated as highly refractory N-MORB type oceanic mantle overlain by highly refractory N-MORB crust. Both the lithospheric mantle and lower crust have been metasomatized to different degrees by a variety of fluid and melts. The enriched material is commonly concentrated along grain boundaries and cracks through mineral grains, suggesting that the metasomatism is relatively recent, and is thus associated with the Canary Islands magmatism. The original, strongly depleted trace element patterns and the low 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratios typical of the oceanic lithosphere are preserved in the minerals in the least metasomatized rocks (e.g. LaN/LuN<0.1 in orthopyroxene and 87Sr/86Sr=0.7027-0.7029 in clinopyroxene in mantle xenoliths). The compositions of the most depleted gabbro samples from the different islands are closely similar, implying that there was no significant change in chemistry during the early stages of formation of the Atlantic oceanic crust in this area. Strongly depleted gabbros similar to those collected in Fuerteventura have also been retrieved in the MARK area along the central Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Furthermore, we have found no evidence of continental material that might reflect attenuated continental lithosphere in this area. The easternmost Canary Islands, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, appear to overlap the lower part of the continental slope of Africa. The presence of normal oceanic lithosphere beneath these islands implies that the continent-ocean transition in the Canary Islands area must be relatively sharp, in contrast to the passive non-volcanic margin further north along the coast of Morocco, along the Iberia peninsula, and in many other areas. Our data also contradict the hypothesis that a mantle plume was present in this area during the opening of the Atlantic Ocean.

Neumann, E.; Vannucci, R.; Tiepolo, M.; Griffin, W. L.; Pearson, N. J.; O'Reilly, S. Y.

2005-05-01

440

Dynamics of aluminum speciation in forest-well drainage waters from the Rhode River watershed, Maryland.  

PubMed

This paper reports an investigation of the dynamics of aluminum (Al) speciation in the forest-well waters from study site 110 of the Rhode River watershed, a representative sub-unit of Chesapeake Bay. Seasonal changes of Al speciation are evaluated by a modified MINEQL computer model using chemical equilibrium calculation. It was found that Al-F and Al-Org complexes were the dominate forms, whereas toxic forms of Al3+ and Al-OH were not significant. This indicates that Al toxicity is not very serious in the Rhode River area due to the high concentrations of fluoride and organic materials, even though sometimes pH is very low (approximately 4). Increased H+ or some other associated factors may be responsible for the decline in fish and amphibian population on the watershed. PMID:11392754

Bi, S P; An, S Q; Yang, M; Chen, T

2001-05-01

441

Environmental Resources of Selected Areas of Hawaii: Groundwater in the Puna District of the Island of Hawaii (DRAFT)  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared to make available and archive the background scientific data and related information collected on groundwater during the preparation of the environmental impact statement (EIS) for Phases 3 and 4 of the Hawaii Geothermal Project (HGP) as defined by the state of Hawaii in its April 1989 proposal to Congress. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a notice in the Federal Register on May 17,1994 (Fed Regis. 5925638), withdrawing its notice of intent (Fed. Regis. 575433) of February 14,1992, to prepare the HGP-EIS. Since the state of Hawaii is no longer pursuing or planning to pursue the HGP, DOE considers the project to be terminated. The background scientific data and related information presented in this report were collected for the geothermal resource subzones in the Puna District on the island of Hawaii. The scientific background data and related information is being made available for use by others in conducting future scientific research in these areas. This report describes the environmental resources present in the areas studied (i.e., the affected environment) and does not represent an assessment of environmental impacts. This paper summarizes the current state of knowledge with respect to groundwater in the Puna District of the island of Hawaii (hereinafter referred to as Hawaii). Groundwater quality inside and outside the lower east rift zone (LERZ) of Kilauea is compared with that of meteoric water, seawater, and geothermal fluid. The degree of mixing between meteoric water, sea water, and geothermal water in and adjacent to the LERZ also is discussed. Finally, groundwater pathways and use in the Puna District are discussed. Most of the information contained herein is compiled from recent U.S. Geological Survey publications and open-file reports.

Staub, W.P.

1994-06-01

442

Cancer incidence among residents of the Three Mile Island accident area: 1982-1995  

SciTech Connect

Background: The Pennsylvania Department of Health established a registry of the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant accident in 1979. Over 93% of the population present on the day of the accident within a 5-mile radius was enrolled and interviewed. We used the registry to investigate the potential cancer risk from low-dose radiation exposure among the TMI population. Methods: Cancer incidence data among the TMI cohort were available from 1982 to 1995. Because more than 97% of the population were white and few cancer cases were reported for those younger than 18 years of age, we included whites of age 18 years and older (10,446 men and 11,048 women) for further analyses. Cox regression models were used to estimate the relative risk (RR) per 0.1 m Sv and 95% confident interval (CI) of cancer by radiation-related exposures. The cancers of interest were all malignant neoplasms, cancer of bronchus, trachea, and lung, cancer of lymphatic and hematopoietic tissues, leukemia, and female breast. Results: Among men and women, there was no evidence of an increased risk for all malignant neoplasms among the TMI cohort exposed to higher maximum and likely {gamma} radiation (RR=1.00, 95% CI=0.97, 1.01 and RR=0.99, 95% CI=0.94, 1.03, respectively) after adjusting for age, gender, education, smoking, and background radiation. Elevation in risk was noted for cancer of the bronchus, trachea, and lung in relation to higher background radiation exposure (RR=1.45, 95% CI=1.02-2.05 at 8.0-8.8 {mu}R/h compared to 5.2-7.2 {mu}R/h). An increased risk of leukemia was found among men exposed to higher maximum and likely {gamma} radiation related to TMI exposure during the ten days following the accident (RR=1.15, 95% CI=1.04, 1.29 and RR=1.36, 95% CI=1.08, 1.71, respectively). This relationship was not found in women. Conclusion: Increased cancer risks from low-level radiation exposure within the TMI cohort were small and mostly statistically non-significant. However, additional follow-up on this population is warranted, especially to explore the increased risk of leukemia found in men.

Han, Yueh-Ying, E-mail: hany2@upmc.edu [Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Youk, Ada O., E-mail: ayouk@pitt.edu [Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Sasser, Howell, E-mail: howell_sasser@nymc.edu [Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Health Sciences and Practice, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Health Sciences and Practice, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY (United States); Talbott, Evelyn O., E-mail: eot1@pitt.edu [Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2011-11-15

443

33 CFR 334.1400 - Pacific Ocean, at Barbers Point, Island of Oahu, Hawaii; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...The regulations in this section shall be enforced by the Officer in Charge, Fleet Area Control and Surveillance Facility, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii 96860-7625, and such agencies as he/she may designate. (Sec. 3012, 70A Stat. 157; 10...

2010-07-01

444

33 CFR 334.1400 - Pacific Ocean, at Barbers Point, Island of Oahu, Hawaii; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...The regulations in this section shall be enforced by the Officer in Charge, Fleet Area Control and Surveillance Facility, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii 96860-7625, and such agencies as he/she may designate. (Sec. 3012, 70A Stat. 157; 10...

2013-07-01

445

33 CFR 334.1400 - Pacific Ocean, at Barbers Point, Island of Oahu, Hawaii; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...The regulations in this section shall be enforced by the Officer in Charge, Fleet Area Control and Surveillance Facility, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii 96860-7625, and such agencies as he/she may designate. (Sec. 3012, 70A Stat. 157; 10...

2011-07-01

446

Local and regional abundance of exotic plant species on Mediterranean islands: are species traits important?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim We assess the importance of three relevant and readily obtainable life- history traits (dispersal syndrome, stem height and growth form) and biogeographical origin (European vs. non-European) on the local and regional abundance of over 400 exotic plant species across eight Mediterranean islands. Location The Mediterranean islands of Lesbos, Rhodes, Crete, Malta, Corsica, Sardinia, Majorca and Minorca. Methods We adopt

Francisco Lloret; Fréderic Médail; Giuseppe Brundu; Philip E. Hulme; Aberdeenshire AB

2004-01-01

447

Long Island Sound Water Temperatures During the Last Two Thousand Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Long Island Sound (LIS), sometimes called the ``urban sea'', is a large estuary in the heavily populated coastal zone between New York City and the Connecticut - Rhode Island border. LIS has seen dramatic environmental shifts since colonial times, including major changes in aquatic food extraction, land use, contaminant and nutrient inputs, and climate change. Annual seasonal hypoxic\\/anoxic events,

C. E. Warren; J. C. Varekamp; E. Thomas

2010-01-01

448

Insecticide resistance of Anopheles sinensis and An. vagus in Hainan Island, a malaria-endemic area of China  

PubMed Central

Background Malaria is one of the most important public health problems in Southeast Asia, including Hainan Island, China. Vector control is the main malaria control measure, and insecticide resistance is a major concern for the effectiveness of chemical insecticide control programs. The objective of this study is to determine the resistance status of the main malaria vector species to pyrethroids and other insecticides recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for indoor residual sprays. Methods The larvae and pupae of Anopheles mosquitoes were sampled from multiple sites in Hainan Island, and five sites yielded sufficient mosquitoes for insecticide susceptibility bioassays. Bioassays of female adult mosquitoes three days after emergence were conducted in the two most abundant species, Anopheles sinensis and An. vagus, using three insecticides (0.05% deltamethrin, 4% DDT, and 5% malathion) and following the WHO standard tube assay procedure. P450 monooxygenase, glutathione S-transferase and carboxylesterase activities were measured. Mutations at the knockdown resistance (kdr) gene and the ace-1gene were detected by DNA sequencing and PCR-RFLP analysis, respectively. Results An. sinensis and An. vagus were the predominant Anopheles mosquito species. An. sinensis was found to be resistant to DDT and deltamethrin. An. vagus was susceptible to deltamethrin but resistant to DDT and malathion. Low kdr mutation (L1014F) frequency (<10%) was detected in An. sinensis, but no kdr mutation was detected in An. vagus populations. Modest to high (45%-75%) ace-1 mutation frequency was found in An. sinensis populations, but no ace-1 mutation was detected in An. vagus populations. Significantly higher P450 monooxygenase and carboxylesterase activities were detected in deltamethrin-resistant An. sinensis, and significantly higher P450 monooxygenase, glutathione S-transferase and carboxylesterase activities were found in malathion-resistant An. vagus mosquitoes. Conclusions Multiple insecticide resistance was found in An. sinensis and An. vagus in Hainan Island, a malaria-endemic area of China. Cost-effective integrated vector control programs that go beyond synthetic insecticides are urgently needed. PMID:24589247

2014-01-01

449

Hydrology of the Babylon-Islip area, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The report area comprises 270 square miles, and includes most of the Towns of Babylon and Islip, and parts of the Towns of Huntington, Smithtown, and Brookhaven, in southwestern Suffolk County, New York. Almost all the water used in the area is obtained from wells screened in permeable zones of the ground-water reservoir which consists of unconsolidated deposits of gravel, sand, silt, and clay as much as 1,800 feet thick. The ground-water reservoir contains three principal aquifers. From the surface down these are (a) surficial deposits of sand and gravel of Pleistocene age, (b) sands of the Magothy (?) Formation of Cretaceous age, and (c) the Lloyd Sand Member of the Raritan Formation of Cretaceous age. At present only the upper two aquifers are tapped by wells. Natural replenishment of the ground-water reservoir in the area takes place entirely by infiltration of precipitation and averages about 215 mgd (million gallons per day). Average ground-water runoff to streams above tidewater is 114 mgd, and it is estimated that an additional 54 mgd is discharged into tidal reaches of streams. Ground-water evapotranspiration is computed to be about 10 mgd and submarine outflow from the area is estimated to be 18 mgd. The average streamflow of the area above tidewater is 120 mgd. Because of the permeable soils and low relief, direct runoff is only about 5 percent of the average streamflow. Streams are perennial along their middle and lower reaches and exhibit well-sustained low flows. Flooding rarely occurs although continued urbanization may result in minor flooding problems as additional storm sewers are constructed. Water in most of the area is generally of good quality; however, it may be contaminated locally. Some streams and parts of the water-table aquifer contain low concentrations of synthetic detergents and other dissolved constituents from domestic and industrial wastes. Salty water occurs in parts of the water-table aquifer in the area under and bordering Great South Bay and under the barrier beaches. Present information, however, indicates that submarine outflow in the artesian aquifers is sufficient to maintain the fresh water-salt water interface some distance seaward of the barrier beaches. Ground-water withdrawals in 1960 averaged 39 mgd, most of which was returned to the ground through cesspools, leaching beds, and recharge wells; pumpage did not appreciably affect the natural water balance of the groundwater reservoir. If withdrawals continue to be artificially recharged, pumpage can be increased at least fivefold before consumptive losses materially reduce ground-water levels. However, if the area were completely sewered in the future, an adequate supply of ground water for a substantially increased population could not be obtained without (a) reducing the amount of ground water in storage in the reservoir or (b) recharging treated-sewage effluent.

Pluhowski, Edward J.; Kantrowitz, Irwin H.

1964-01-01

450

An Observational Study of the Urban Heat Island in the Greater Thessaloniki Area: Preliminary Results and Development of a Forecasting Service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present paper investigates the characteristics of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) in the Greater Thessaloniki Area (GTA). The study is carried out by using and analyzing hourly air temperature data covering the period from June through September 2008. It was found that the urban zone of the city is heated faster and more effectively than the suburban surroundings, especially in early morning hours. Two measuring sites were selected as representative of "urban" and "suburban" areas and the hourly air temperature differences were calculated and classified by magnitude. The analysis of the percentage of occurrences for each class revealed that the city of Thessaloniki is subject to a rather moderate UHI. It was also found that the heat island can be more clearly observed during overnight hours, reaching, however, its maximum magnitude in early morning hours. Last but not least, the current paper introduces the development of an Urban Heat Island Forecasting Service (UHI-FS).

Giannaros, T. M.; Melas, D.; Kontogianni, P.

2010-01-01

451

Characterising reef fish populations and habitats within and outside the US Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument: A lesson in marine protected area design  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Marine protected areas are an important tool for management of marine ecosystems. Despite their utility, ecological design criteria are often not considered or feasible to implement when establishing protected areas. In 2001, the Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument (VICRNM) in St John, US Virgin Islands was established by Executive Order. The VICRNM prohibits almost all extractive uses. Surveys of habitat and fishes inside and outside of the VICRNM were conducted in 2002-2004. Areas outside the VICRNM had significantly more hard corals, greater habitat complexity, and greater richness, abundance and biomass of reef fishes than areas within the VICRNM. The administrative process used to delineate the boundaries of the VICRNM did not include a robust ecological characterisation of the area. Because of reduced habitat complexity within the VICRNM, the enhancement of the marine ecosystem may not be fully realised or increases in economically important reef fishes may take longer to detect. ?? 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation ?? 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Monaco, M. E.; Friedlander, A. M.; Caldow, C.; Christensen, J. D.; Rogers, C.; Beets, J.; Miller, J.; Boulon, R.

2007-01-01

452

Determination of places in the great Athens area where the heat island effect is observed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a The major Athens area is surrounded by high mountains to the north and the east and is influenced by the sea (Saronic Gulf)\\u000a to the south. As a result of its topography, the city experiences significant variations in its ventilation patterns even\\u000a over small distances.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The main purpose of the present study is to define places in the major

I. Livada; M. Santamouris; K. Niachou; N. Papanikolaou; G. Mihalakakou

2002-01-01

453

Seismic activity of Tokyo area and Philippine Sea plate under Japanese Islands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Japanese government has estimated the probability of earthquake occurrence with magnitude 7-class during the next 30 years as 70 %. This estimation is based on five earthquakes that occurred in this area in the late 120 years. However, it has been revealed that this region is lying on more complicated tectonic condition due to the two subducted plates and the various types of earthquakes which have been caused by. Therefore, it is necessary to classify these earthquakes into inter-plate earthquakes and intra-plate ones. Then, we have been constructing a seismic observation network since 5 years ago. Tokyo Metropolitan area is a densely populated region of about 40 million people. It is the center of Japan both in politics and in economy. So that human activities have been conducting quite busily, this region is unsuitable for seismic observation. Then, we have decided to make an ultra high dense seismic observation network. We named it the Metropolitan Seismometer Observation Network; MeSO-net. MeSO-net consists of 296 seismic stations. Minimum interval is about 2km and average interval is about 5km.We picked the P- and S-wave arrival times manually. We applied double-difference tomography method to the dataset and estimated the velocity structure. We depicted the plate boundaries from the newly developed velocity model. And, we referred to the locations of the repeating earthquakes, the distributions of normal hypocenters and the focal mechanisms. Our plate model became relatively flat and a little shallower than previous one.Seismicity of Metropolitan area after the M9 event was compared to the one before M9 event. The seismic activity is about 4 times as high as before the M9 event occurred. We examined spatial distribution of the activated seismicity with respect to the newly developed plate configuration. The activated events are located on upper boundaries and they have almost thrust type mechanisms. Recently, a slow slip event has occurred on October in 2011. This observation suggests that shear stresses on the plate boundaries have increased due to eastwards movement of the eastern Japan driven by post-seismic slip of the M9.0 Tohoku-oki event. The present study is supported by two Special Projects for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in Tokyo Metropolitan Area and reducing vulnerability for urban mega earthquake disasters from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan.

Sakai, S.; Nakagawa, S.; Nanjo, K.; Kasahara, K.; Panayotopoulos, Y.; Tsuruoka, H.; Kurashimo, E.; Obara, K.; Hirata, N.; Kimura, H.; Honda, R.

2012-12-01

454

Distribution of Legionella spp. in hydrothermal areas in continental Portugal and the island of S?o Miguel, Azores.  

PubMed Central

Nineteen aquatic environment sites from three hydrothermal areas on continental Portugal and one area on the island of São Miguel, Azores, were examined for the recovery of Legionella spp. Physicochemical and bacteriological parameters were also determined for each site. Water temperatures varied between 22 and 67.5 degrees C, although the majority had temperatures above 40 degrees C; the pH varied between 5.5 and 9.2. The number of Legionella spp. recovered varied between 5.0 x 10(2) and 2.3 x 10(6) CFU/liter. A total of 288 isolates from 14 sites were identified by indirect immunofluorescence assay. The majority of the isolates belonged to Legionella pneumophila (74.3%), of which most belong to serogroup 1, but the relative proportion of L. pneumophila serogroups varied considerably. L. pneumophila serogroup 1 constituted 96.2% of the isolates in area 2 from central Portugal, but no isolates of this serogroup were recovered from São Miguel, where serogroup 6 strains were the predominant isolates. Ninety-six percent of the L. pneumophila serogroup 1 isolates belonged to monoclonal antibody subgroups OLDA and Bellingham. Other species identified were L. bozemanii serogroup 2, L. dumoffii, L. micdadei, L. moravica, L. oakridgensis, L. sainticrucis, and L. sainthelensi. Two undescribed species, which react by indirect immunofluorescence assay to antisera to "L. londoniensis" and "L. nautarum" and a group of isolates with strong cross-reaction to L. cincinnatiensis/L. sainticrucis/L. longbeachae by indirect immunofluorescence assay were also recovered. The latter were the only isolates recovered from area 3, in east central Portugal, over a period of 1 year. PMID:1746954

Verissimo, A; Marrao, G; da Silva, F G; da Costa, M S

1991-01-01

455

Comparison of impervious surface area and normalized difference vegetation index as indicators of surface urban heat island effects in Landsat imagery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and percent impervious surface as indicators of surface urban heat island effects in Landsat imagery by investigating the relationships between the land surface temperature (LST), percent impervious surface area (%ISA), and the NDVI. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) data were used to estimate the LST from

Fei Yuan; Marvin E. Bauer

2007-01-01

456

Identifying Environmental Contaminations in Estuaries: Spatial Distribution of Nutrients and Heavy Metals in Jamaica Bay Area, Western Long Island, New York  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nutrient and metal contaminations of estuarine environment is an increasing problem as urbanization continues to extend in many estuary area in the world. Jamaica Bay, an embayment of the Atlantic Ocean on southwestern Long Island receives a large inputs from waste water treatment plants, sewage outflows, and surface runoff enriched with nutrients and heavy metals, poses a serious environmental problem.

R. K. Dhar; W. Beauzile; N. Ma; K. Clauson

2009-01-01

457

Study on the information extraction of Evapotranspiration and its relation with the urban heat island and urban expansion in Fuzhou City with its surrounding areas of SE China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was based on two Landsat TM\\/ETM+ images acquired in 1996 and 2003 respectively and some necessary ground-based meteorological data. The surface energy balance algorithm for land (SEBAL) has been used in this thesis to extract the information of evapotranspiration. The urban heat island and urban expansion of the area were also extracted and related to the information of

Lin Wang; Han-qiu Xu

2008-01-01

458

Coupling relationship of land surface temperature, impervious surface area and normalized difference vegetation index for urban heat island using remote sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The comparison of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and percent impervious surface as indicators of surface urban heat island effects in Landsat imagery were researched by investigating the relationships between the land surface temperature (LST), percent impervious surface area (%ISA), and the NDVI. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) data were used to estimate the

Xiuju Wu; Qian Cheng

2007-01-01

459

INDICATORS AND STANDARDS OF QUALITY AT AN URBAN-PROXIMATE PARK: LITTER AND GRAFFITI AT BOSTON HARBOR ISLANDS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines visitor norms for litter and graffiti at Boston Harbor Islands Nation- al Recreation Area, an urban-proximate park. Keep America Beautiful (KAB), a non-profit organiza- tion, has developed two visual methods to monitor litter - the Litter Index approach and Photometric Index\\/ Grid approach. Both methods utilize a series of photographs illustrating a range of litter accumulation. This

Megha Budruk

460

Modeling storm surge flooding of an urban area with particular reference to modeling uncertainties: A case study of Canvey Island, United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

A coupled storm surge and overland flow model is used to simulate extreme coastal flooding of Canvey Island, a dense urban area located at the mouth of the Thames Estuary, U.K. The flood model is based on a shock-capturing numerical scheme and resolves the terrain and buildings of the study area with high-resolution topographic data. Repeat simulation is used to

James D. Brown; Tom Spencer; Iris Moeller

2007-01-01

461

FEEDING AREAS OF ARCTIC TERNS (Sterna paradisaea) AND COMMON TERNS (Sterna hirundo) BREEDING ON MACHIAS SEAL ISLAND, NEW BRUNSWICK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Machias Seal Island (MSI) is a 9.5 ha, treeless island located at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, 20 km south of Grand Manan. It is designated a Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) Migratory Bird Sanctuary and managed by CWS because it is the breeding grounds of a large number of seabirds, including both arctic and common terns. The Atlantic

Amie L. Black; Antony W. Diamond

2005-01-01

462

Metagenomic profiles of free-living archaea, bacteria and small eukaryotes in coastal areas of Sichang island, Thailand  

PubMed Central

Background Tha Wang and Tham Phang coasts, though situated at similar oceanographic positions on Sichang island, Chonburi province, Thailand, are different in bay geography and amount of municipal disturbances. These affect the marine ecosystems. The study used metagenomics combined with 16S and 18S rDNA pyrosequencing to identify types and distributions of archaea, bacteria, fungi and small eukaryotes of sizes ranges 0.45 and ~30 ?m. Results Following the open bay geography and minimal municipal sewages, Tham Phang coast showed the cleaner water properties, described by color, salinity, pH, conductivity and percent dissolved oxygen. The 16S and 18S rDNA metagenomic profiles for Tha Wang and Tham Phang coasts revealed many differences, highlighting by low Lennon and Yue & Clayton theta similarity indices (66.03-73.03% for 16S rDNA profiles, 2.85-25.38% for 18S rDNA profiles). For 16S rDNA, the percent compositions of species belonging to Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Cyanobacteria, Firmicutes, Verrucomicrobia, Gammatimonadetes, Tenericutes, Acidobacteria, Spirochaetes, Chlamydiae, Euryarchaeota, Nitrospirae, Planctomycetes, Thermotogae and Aquificae were higher or distinctly present in Tha Wang. In Tham Phang, except Actinobacteria, the fewer number of prokaryotic species existed. For 18S rDNA, fungi represented 74.745% of the species in Tha Wang, whereas only 6.728% in Tham Phang. Basidiomycota (71.157%) and Ascomycota (3.060%) were the major phyla in Tha Wang. Indeed, Tha Wang-to-Tham Phang percent composition ratios for fungi Basidiomycota and Chytridiomycota were 1264.701 and 25.422, respectively. In Tham Phang, Brachiopoda (lamp shells) and Mollusca (snails) accounted for 80.380% of the 18S rDNA species detected, and their proportions were approximately tenfold greater than those in Tha Wang. Overall, coastal Tham Phang comprised abundant animal species. Conclusions Tha Wang contained numerous archaea, bacteria and fungi, many of which could synthesize useful biotechnology gas and enzymes that could also function in high-saline and high-temperature conditions. Tham Phang contained less abundant archaea, bacteria and fungi, and the majority of the extracted metagenomes belonged to animal kingdom. Many microorganisms in Tham Phang were essential for nutrient-recycling and pharmaceuticals, for instances, Streptomyces, Pennicilium and Saccharomyces. Together, the study provided metagenomic profiles of free-living prokaryotes and eukaryotes in coastal areas of Sichang island. PMID:23282134

2012-01-01

463

Distribution of fallout and environmental radionuclides in ice-free areas of King George Island (Western Antarctica)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change is progressing at a rate which is several times the global average in Western Antarctica. The Antarctic Peninsula region has experienced a rise of ca. 3°C for surface air temperature over the last 50 years; and 87% of 244 glaciers along the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula have retreated in the last 50 years. Examining the impacts of climate change in Antarctic landscapes, in particular in the soils at the foot of retreating glaciers, can provide a better understanding of the future impacts of climate change on landscape dynamics (including land degradation and resulting changes in land, water and ecosystem quality) in the higher mountainous cold regions of the world. In this paper, results of an exploratory assessment of soil movement and identification of sediment sources and sediment sinks by investigating the distribution of fallout (FRN's) and environmental radionuclides (ERN's) in ice-free areas of King George Island (Western Antarctica) are discussed. This assessment has been carried in the context of an Instituto Antártico Chileno project, and supported by the IAEA Technical Cooperation, studying land degradation in the cold regions of South America. To this purpose soil profiles were sampled at depth increments at three different control sites. In addition, topsoil (0-1 cm depth) samples were collected from areas identified as potential soil sources and from others identified as sinks of sediments. The soil profiles at the control sites showed distinctive patterns in the depth distribution of the FRN's and ERN's. The 137Cs and 210Pbex activity mass concentration (Bq kg-1) were highest in the topsoil and penetration depth was less than 8 and 25 cm, respectively. The depth distribution of 226Ra and 232Th in the soil profiles was quite homogeneous and greater variation was found for 40K and 238U, possibly related to differences in the mineralogical composition of soils. Average mass activity values of 137Cs and 210Pbex at the source areas were significantly lower than those found at sink areas, suggesting that processes of soil movement are relatively important. The knowledge gained with this research provided baseline information to establish future sampling strategies intended to ensure minimal intervention in the environment. Furthermore, the values of the areal activity density (Bq m-2) of 137Cs, 210Pbex and 7Be in soils and sediments proved the potential for using FRN's to study the redistribution of soil and sediments associated to the process of glacier retreat.

Castillo, Alejandra; Schuller, Paulina; Dercon, Gerd; Nguyen, Minh-Long; Navas, Ana; Ramírez, Paola; López, César

2013-04-01

464

66 FR 14160 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...elevator access. Rhode Island Bldg. 1 Old Naval Hospital...boiler plant which provides heat and hot water to bldg...deterioration. Rhode Island Bldg. 52 Gould Island, Naval Station Newport...material; Secured Area. 4 Heat Plant Bldgs. Naval...

2001-03-09

465

Forecast of Urban Heat Island in Tokyo Metropolitan Area in 2020 Using a Meteorological Model Incorporating an Urban Canopy Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temperature increases in summer due to urbanization, i.e. the urban heat island effect, are becoming very serious in Japanese cities. On the other hand, three-dimensional meteorological meso-scale models are often used to determine the mechanisms of urban heat islands. However it is necessary to represent the properties of building canopies precisely in order to analyze the spatial and temporal distribution

Yoichi Kawamoto; Ryozo Ooka

466

Hydrogeology, water quality, and saltwater intrusion in the Upper Floridan Aquifer in the offshore area near Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, and Tybee Island, Georgia, 1999-2002  

USGS Publications Warehouse

To assess the hydrogeology, water quality, and the potential for saltwater intrusion in the offshore Upper Floridan aquifer, a scientific investigation was conducted near Tybee Island, Georgia, and Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. Four temporary wells were drilled at 7, 8, 10, and 15 miles to the northeast of Tybee Island, and one temporary well was drilled in Calibogue Sound west of Hilton Head Island. The Upper Floridan aquifer at the offshore and Calibogue sites includes the unconsolidated calcareous quartz sand, calcareous quartz sandstone, and sandy limestone of the Oligocene Lazaretto Creek and Tiger Leap Formations, and the limestone of the late Eocene Ocala Limestone and middle Avon Park Formation. At the 7-, 10-, and 15-mile sites, the upper confining unit between the Upper Floridan and surficial aquifers correlates to the Miocene Marks Head Formation. Paleochannel incisions have completely removed the upper confining unit at the Calibogue site and all but a 0.8-foot-thick interval of the confining unit at the 8-mile site, raising concern about the potential for saltwater intrusion through the paleochannel-fill sediments at these two sites. The paleochannel incisions at the Calibogue and 8-mile sites are filled with fine- and coarse-grained sediments, respectively. The hydrogeologic setting and the vertical hydraulic gradients at the 7- and 10-mile sites favored the absence of saltwater intrusion during predevelopment. After decades of onshore water use in Georgia and South Carolina, the 0-foot contour in the regional cone of depression of the Upper Floridan aquifer is estimated to have been at the general location of the 7- and 10-mile sites by the mid-1950s and at or past the 15-mile site by the 1980s. The upward vertical hydraulic gradient reversed, but the presence of more than 17 feet of upper confining unit impeded the downward movement of saltwater from the surficial aquifer to the Upper Floridan aquifer at the 7- and 10-mile sites. At the 10-mile site, the chloride concentration in the Upper Floridan borehole-water sample and the pore-water samples from the Oligocene and Eocene strata support the conclusion of no noticeable modern saltwater intrusion in the Upper Floridan aquifer. The chloride concentration of 370 milligrams per liter in the borehole-water sample at the 7-mile site from the Upper Floridan aquifer at 78 to 135 feet below North American Vertical Datum of 1988 is considerably higher than the chloride concentration of 25 milligrams per liter measured at the 10-mile site. The higher concentration probably is the result of downward leakage of saltwater through the confining unit at the 7-mile site or could reflect downward leakage of saltwater through an even thinner layer of the upper confining unit beneath the paleochannel to the northeast and lateral movement (encroachment) from the paleochannel to the 7-mile site. Carbon-14 concentrations at both sites, however, are low and indicate that most of the water is relict fresh ground water. The hydrogeology at the 15-mile site includes 17 feet of the upper confining unit. The chloride concentration in the Upper Floridan aquifer is 6,800 milligrams per liter. The setting for the Upper Floridan aquifer beneath the 15-mile site is interpreted as a transitional mixing zone between relict freshwater and relict saltwater. At the Calibogue site, 35 feet of fine-grained paleochannel-fill sediments overlies the Oligocene strata of the Upper Floridan aquifer. The vertical hydraulic conductivity of the paleochannel fill at this site is similar to the upper confining unit and effectively replaces the missing upper confining unit. Chloride concentrations and low carbon-14 and tritium concentrations in borehole water from the Upper Floridan aquifer, and low chloride concentrations in pore water from the upper confining unit indicate relict freshwater confined in the Upper Floridan aquifer at the Calibogue site. The coarse-grained paleochannel-f

Falls, W. Fred; Ransom, Camille; Landmeyer, James E.; Reuber, Eric J.; Edwards, Lucy E.

2005-01-01

467

Long-term follow-up of the residents of the Three Mile Island accident area: 1979-1998.  

PubMed Central

The Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant accident (1979) prompted the Pennsylvania Department of Health to initiate a cohort mortality study in the TMI accident area. This study is significant because of the long follow-up (1979-1998), large cohort size (32,135), and evidence from earlier reports indicating increased cancer risks. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated to assess the mortality experience of the cohort compared with a local population. Relative risk (RR) regression modeling was performed to assess cause-specific mortality associated with radiation-related exposure variables after adjustment for individual smoking and lifestyle factors. Overall cancer mortality in this cohort was similar to the local population [SMRs = 103.7 (male); 99.8 (female)]. RR modeling showed neither maximum gamma nor likely gamma exposure was a significant predictor of all malignant neoplasms; bronchus, trachea, and lung; or heart disease mortality after adjusting for known confounders. The RR estimates for maximum gamma exposure (less than or equal to 8, 8-19, 20-34, greater than or equal to 35 mrem) in relation to all lymphatic and hematopoietic tissue (LHT) are significantly elevated (RRs = 1.00, 1.16, 2.54, 2.45, respectively) for males and are suggestive of a potential dose-response relationship, although the test for trend was not significant. An upward trend of RRs and SMRs for levels of maximum gamma exposure in relation to breast cancer in females (RRs = 1.00, 1.08, 1.13, 1.31; SMRs = 104.2, 113.2, 117.9) was also noted. Although the surveillance within the TMI cohort provides no consistent evidence that radioactivity released during the nuclear accident has had a significant impact on the overall mortality experience of these residents, several elevations persist, and certain potential dose-response relationships cannot be definitively excluded. PMID:12611664

Talbott, Evelyn O; Youk, Ada O; McHugh-Pemu, Kathleen P; Zborowski, Jeanne V

2003-01-01

468

Seroepidemiology of Toxocara Canis infection among primary schoolchildren in the capital area of the Republic of the Marshall Islands  

PubMed Central

Background Toxocariasis, which is predominantly caused by Toxocara canis (T. canis) infection, is a common zoonotic parasitosis worldwide; however, the status of toxocariasis endemicity in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) remains unknown. Methods A seroepidemiological investigation was conducted among 166 primary school children (PSC) aged 7–12 years from the capital area of the RMI. Western blots based the excretory-secretory antigens of larval T. canis (TcES) was employed, and children were considered seropositive if their serum reacted with TcES when diluted at a titer of 1:64. Information regarding demographic characteristics of and environmental risk factors affecting these children was collected using a structured questionnaire. A logistic regression model was applied to conduct a multivariate analysis. Results The overall seropositive rate of T. canis infection was 86.75% (144/166). In the univariate analysis, PSC who exhibited a history of feeding dogs at home (OR?=?5.52, 95% CI?=?1.15–26.61, p?=?0.02) and whose parents were employed as nonskilled workers (OR?=?2.86, 95% CI?=?1.08–7.60, p?=?0.03) demonstrated a statistically elevated risk of contracting T. canis infections. Cleaning dog huts with gloves might prevent infection, but yielded nonsignificant effects. The multivariate analysis indicated that parental occupation was the critical risk factor in this study because its effect remained significant after adjusting for other variables; by contrast, the effect of dog feeding became nonsignificant because of other potential confounding factors. No associations were observed among gender, age, consuming raw meat or vegetables, drinking unboiled water, cleaning dog huts with gloves, or touching soil. Conclusions This is the first serological investigation of T. canis infection among PSC in the RMI. The high seroprevalence indicates the commonness of T. canis transmission and possible human risk. The fundamental information that the present study provides regarding T. canis epidemiology can facilitate developing strategies for disease prevention and control. PMID:24886153

2014-01-01

469

The relationship between built-up areas and the spatial development of the mean maximum urban heat island in Debrecen, Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The climate of built-up regions differs significantly from rural regions and the most important modifying effect of urbanization on local climate is the urban temperature excess, otherwise called the urban heat island (UHI).This study examines the influence of built-up areas on the near-surface air temperature field in the case of the medium-sized city of Debrecen, Hungary. Mobile measurements were used

Zsolt Bottyán; Andrea Kircsi; Sándor Szegedi; János Unger

2005-01-01

470

Areas contributing ground water to the Peconic Estuary, and ground-water budgets for the north and south forks and Shelter Island, eastern Suffolk County, New York  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Peconic Estuary, at the eastern end of Long Island, has been plagued by a recurrent algal bloom, locally referred to as ?Brown Tide,? that has caused the severe decline of local marine resources. Although the factors that trigger Brown Tide blooms remain uncertain, groundwater discharge has previously been shown to affect surface-water quality in the western part of the estuary. A U.S. Geological Survey groundwater- flow model of the main body of Long Island indicates that a total of about 7.5 x 106 ft3/d (cubic feet per day) of freshwater discharges to the western part of the estuary, but the model does not include the ground-water flow systems on the North and South Forks and Shelter Island, which contribute significant amounts of freshwater to the central and eastern parts of the estuary. The need for information on freshwater discharge to the entire estuary prompted the U.S. Geological Survey to evaluate ground-water discharge from the North and South Forks and Shelter Island. Source areas that contribute ground water to the Peconic Estuary were delineated, and groundwater budgets for these areas were developed, to evaluate the distribution and magnitude of ground-water discharge to the central and eastern parts of the estuary. Contributing-area boundaries that were delineated coincide with the hydraulic boundaries of the fresh ground-water-flow systems of the North and South Forks and Shelter Island; these boundaries are of two types? external (saltwater bodies) and internal (groundwater divides). Hydrologic components that were evaluated include recharge from precipitation, public-supply withdrawal and return flow, and agricultural withdrawal. Values for each of these components were calculated or estimated for the individual freshwater flow subsystems that form each ground-water-budget area, then summed to obtain the total discharge of fresh ground water to tidewater. Ground-water discharge to the Peconic Estuary is about 3.8 x 106 ft3/d from the North Fork, 11 x 106 ft3/d from the South Fork, and 1.7 x 106 ft3/d from Shelter Island. The total contribution to the estuary from these areas is about 16 x 106 ft3/d?roughly twice the total contribution from the main body of Long Island. In contrast to the freshwater contribution from the main body of Long Island, which is concentrated near the head of the estuary, the contributions from the North and South Forks and Shelter Island are distributed along the east-west length of the estuary. Changes in water-table altitude and the resulting changes in total discharge to the Peconic Estuary were estimated from the relative changes in annual mean water level at observation wells. The 1985-95 interval included 7 years (1985-88, 1991- 92, 1995) of generally below-average water-table altitudes that presumably caused similar decreases in ground-water discharge to the estuary; intense Brown Tide blooms coincided with six of these years (1985-88, 1991, 1995), and localized blooms coincided with the remaining year (1992). Watertable altitudes in the remaining 4 years of the 1985-95 interval (1989-90, 1993-94) were nearly average or above average, and presumably produced comparably near-average or increased amounts of ground-water discharge to the estuary; none of these years saw any widespread Brown Tide blooms. Fluctuations in the amounts of ground-water discharge to the estuary appear to affect the occurrence of Brown Tide blooms, although the factors that trigger the blooms have not been determined.

Schubert, C.E.

1998-01-01

471

Differences between satellite- and ground-based urban heat island effect - Case study for the Budapest agglomeration area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban heat island (UHI) is defined as the positive temperature anomaly occurring between built-in areas and their surroundings. For detailed analysis of UHI in a particular area, different approaches can be used. Here, two different techniques (ground-based and satellite-based) are applied to the Budapest agglomeration area and the results are compared. (1) Hourly recorded air temperature observations are available from six automatically operating climatological stations of the Hungarian Meteorological Service. Two stations are located in the downtown of Budapest (Kitaibel Pál street and Lágymányos); two stations can be found in the suburbs (Újpest and Pestszentl?rinc); and two stations are in the rural region (Penc - located to the northeast from the capital, and Kakucs - to the southeast from Budapest). These ground-based observations at the Budapest weather stations provide air temperature data at standard 2 m height above surface. However, due to the limited station number, this approach is not suitable for detailed evaluation of spatial UHI distribution. (2) Remotely sensed surface temperature values are available from seven thermal infrared channel measurements of the multi-spectral radiometer sensor called MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer), which is one of the sensors on-board satellites Terra and Aqua. They were launched to polar orbit as part of the NASA's Earth Observing System in December 1999, and in May 2002, respectively. Satellite Terra (Aqua) provides surface temperature fields around 09-10 UTC (12-13 UTC) and 20-21 UTC (02-03 UTC) with 1 km spatial resolution. The whole agglomeration has been divided into urban and rural pixels using the MODIS Land Cover Product categories, distance from the city centre, satellite images of the Google Earth, and GTOPO-30 global digital elevation model. However, the main disadvantage of this method is that for UHI analysis, data can be used only in case of clear sky conditions, which occurs less frequently in the Carpathian basin during winter than summer. The purpose of the present research is to analyze similarities and differences between temperature values observed in the 2001-2010 period by ground-based and satellite-based instruments. Thus, monthly and seasonal mean temperature values for day-time (morning and afternoon) and night-time (late evening and before dawn) are evaluated and compared for Budapest and its vicinity. Furthermore, distribution of temperature values is analyzed on a seasonal scale. On the basis of the results, the following main conclusions can be summarized. (i) The mean temperature is generally higher in the downtown and lower in the rural region than in the suburbs, especially, at night-time. During day-time it is not so clear, the suburbs may be warmer than the downtown stations. (ii) Day-time/night-time satellite-based surface temperature is higher/lower than ground-based air temperature (especially, in summer/winter). This can be explained by the faster warming and faster cooling of the surface than those of the atmosphere. (iii) The satellite-based average temperature of Kakucs and Penc is highly correlated to the rural mean surface temperature. Thus, the mean temperature of the rural region can be estimated by the average temperature of these two weather stations. Moreover, the UHI intensity can be defined as the difference between the actual temperature value and the average temperature of Kakucs and Penc. This time series are calculated from both ground-based and satellite-based temperature values. (iv) The UHI intensity shows a large temporal variability. During day-time intensity values are larger when the satellite-based method is used than the ground-based measurements. During night-time the difference between the two approaches is very small.

Pongracz, R.; Bartholy, J.; Lelovics, E.; Dezso, Z. S.; Dobi, I.

2012-04-01

472

Diomede Islands, Bering Straight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Diomede Islands consisting of the western island Big Diomede (also known as Imaqliq, Nunarbuk or Ratmanov Island), and the eastern island Little Diomede (also known as Krusenstern Island or Inaliq), are two rocky islands located in the middle of the Bering Strait between Russia and Alaska. The islands are separated by an international border and the International Date Line which is approximately 1.5 km from each island; you can look from Alaska into tomorrow in Russia. At the closest land approach between the United States, which controls Little Diomede, and Russia, which controls Big Diomede, they are 3 km apart. Little Diomede Island constitutes the Alaskan City of Diomede, while Big Diomede Island is Russia's easternmost point. The first European to reach the islands was the Russian explorer Semyon Dezhnev in 1648. The text of the 1867 treaty finalizing the sale of Alaska uses the islands to designate the border between the two nations.

The image was acquired July 8, 2000, covers an area of 13.5 x 10.8 km, and is located at 65.8 degrees north latitude, 169 degrees west longitude.

The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

2008-01-01

473

A neural network approach for modeling the heat island phenomenon in urban areas during the summer period  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of ambient air temperature in a city and the urban heat island intensity are investigated during the summer period in the major Athens region where ambient air temperature data are recorded at twenty stations. A neural network approach, based on predicted or recorded hourly values, is designed for modeling, predicting and estimating the air temperature at each station.

M. Santamouris; G. Mihalakakou; N. Papanikolaou; D. N. Asimakopoulos

1999-01-01

474

1997 Economic Census of Outlying Areas: Virgin Islands: Construction Industries, Manufactures, Wholesale Trade, Retail Trade, and Service Industries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau reports that the retail trade sector of the US Virgin Islands has grown by 20 percent since 1992, with sales reaching $1.1 billion in 1997. In 1997, jewelry stores sold a total of $248.7 million and hotels and motels reported receipts of $123.8 million.

475

First survey of sessile communities on subtidal rocks in an area with hydrothermal vents: Milos Island, Aegean Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major epibenthic communities on subtidal rocks of Palaeochori Bay and the marine tract on the southern coast of Milos Island (Greece) were described down to 44 m depth. Six sites were investigated by snorkelling and SCUBA diving. Samples, photographs and video images were also taken to integrate information. Three out of the six sites were close to hydrothermal vents,

Silvia Cocito; C. Nike Bianchi; Carla Morri; Andrea Peirano

2000-01-01

476

The History of the Rhodes State College Dental Hygiene Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historiography of the Rhodes State College Dental Hygiene Program (Program) presents a historical journey of health care, as it relates to oral health, in the United States, in Ohio, and in Lima. This study bridges the gap between the history of higher education and the history of an academic program, dental hygiene. Prior to this study, there…

Bowers, Denise E.

2012-01-01

477

CHANGING COUTRYSIDES, CHANGING VILLAGES: SECOND HOMES IN RHODES, SOUTH AFRICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural geographies have changed significantly over the past half century. These reconfigured geographies are increasingly denoted as evolving from a productivist to a post-productivist state and second home development has increasingly been implicated as contributing to such change. This paper considers this contention in the context of Rhodes, South Africa. It is argued that second home development is contributing towards

GIJSBERT HOOGENDOORN; GUSTAV VISSER; LOCHNER MARAIS

2009-01-01

478

Arthur Frederick ParkerRhodes: a memoir. Yorick Wilks  

E-print Network

their money to the Party, but somehow they never had. I knew him and the CLRU best during the period 1962 (Parker­ Rhodes 1978) and I recall that I had something to do with pressing him to get it out (AFPR from now on: his colleagues and he all referred to each other by initials at the period I am

Wilks, Yorick

479

Collection and analysis of remotely sensed data from the Rhode River Estuary Watershed. [ecological parameters of Chesapeake Bay  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA chose the watershed of Rhode River, a small sub-estuary of the Bay, as a representative test area for intensive studies of remote sensing, the results of which could be extrapolated to other estuarine watersheds around the Bay. A broad program of ecological research was already underway within the watershed, conducted by the Smithsonian Institution's Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES) and cooperating universities. This research program offered a unique opportunity to explore potential applications for rem