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1

Riparian Areas of South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (NPWRC) has recently added this publicly targeted resource to the NPWRC homepage. Riparian Areas of South Dakota covers the structure and function of riparian areas with an emphasis on management. While content is limited, several good color photographs accompany each resource. This resource may be downloaded as a .zip file.

2

Results of Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment (LACIE) drought analysis (South Dakota drought 1976)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

LACIE using techniques developed from the southern Great Plains drought analysis indicated the potential for drought damage in South Dakota. This potential was monitored and as it became apparent that a drought was developing, LACIE implemented some of the procedures used in the southern Great Plains drought. The technical approach used in South Dakota involved the normal use of LACIE sample segments (5 x 6 nm) every 18 days. Full frame color transparencies (100 x 100 nm) were used on 9 day intervals to identify the drought area and to track overtime. The green index number (GIN) developed using the Kauth transformation was computed for all South Dakota segments and selected North Dakota segments. A scheme for classifying segments as drought affected or not affected was devised and tested on all available 1976 South Dakota data. Yield model simulations were run for all CRD's Crop Reporting District) in South Dakota.

Thompson, D. R.

1976-01-01

3

40 CFR 81.427 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false South Dakota. 81.427 Section 81.427 Protection...Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.427 South Dakota. Area name Acreage Public Law establishing Federal land manager...

2010-07-01

4

Drainage areas in the Big Sioux River basin in eastern South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Big Sioux River basin of eastern South Dakota contains an important surface water supply and a sizeable aquifer system of major importance to the economy of South Dakota. The aquifers are complex, consisting of many small aquifers that are hydrologically associated with several large aquifers and the Big Sioux River. The complexity and interrelation of the surface water/groundwater systems has already created management problems. As development continues and increases, the problems will increase in number and complexity. To aid in planning for future development, an accurate determination of drainage areas for all basins, sub-basins, and noncontributing areas in the Big Sioux River basin is needed. All named stream basins, and all unnamed basins > 10 sq mi within the Big Sioux River basin in South Dakota are shown and are listed by stream name. Stream drainage basins in South Dakota were delineated by visual interpretation of contour information shown on U.S. Geological Survey 77-1/2 minute topographic maps. One table lists the drainage areas of major drainage basins in the Big Sioux River basin that do not have a total drainage area value > 10 sq mi. Another shows the drainage area above stream gaging stations in the Big Sioux River basin. (Lantz-PTT)

Amundson, Frank D.; Koch, Neil C.

1985-01-01

5

South Dakota North Platte R.  

E-print Network

South Dakota Nebraska Index map North Platte R. South Platte R. Dismal R. Platte R. Study area 0 0 1 KILOMETER 1 MILE Scotts Bluff County Tri-St ate Canal Mitchell Canal North Platte River Enterprise 2002 Prepared in cooperation with the NORTH PLATTE NATURAL RESOURCES DISTRICT SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS

6

South Dakota's State Assessment System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South Dakota Assessment System provides information for schools to use in evaluating their teaching and curriculum as well as allowing parents to monitor their child's progress. All public schools in South Dakota test students according to South Dakota Codified Law 13-3-55, which was adopted in January 1997 and amended in January 2003. This…

South Dakota Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

7

Statistics of South Dakota Libraries. 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South Dakota State Library 1975 annual report is presented in this volume, followed by tables of statistical data on services, resources, income, and expenditures for South Dakota public, academic, and special libraries. Sections include: (1) a summary of public library statistics by size of library and type of library; (2) map of areas with…

South Dakota State Library, Pierre.

8

40 CFR 81.342 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...otherwise noted. South Dakota—Ozone (1-Hour Standard) 2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked effective...State X South Dakota—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2011-07-01

9

40 CFR 81.342 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...otherwise noted. South Dakota—Ozone (1-Hour Standard) 2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked effective...otherwise noted. South Dakota—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2012-07-01

10

40 CFR 81.342 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...otherwise noted. South Dakota—Ozone (1-Hour Standard) 2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked effective...South Dakota—1997 8-Hour Ozone NAAQS (Primary and...

2013-07-01

11

Workforce Brief: South Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In South Dakota, the demand for well-educated employees will only increase over the next several years. In the decade leading up to 2012, healthcare and healthcare support occupations will see growth of about 25 percent; over 2,500 new practitioners and technicians will be needed. There will be a 24 percent increase in the number of…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

12

South Dakota geothermal handbook  

SciTech Connect

The sources of geothermal fluids in South Dakota are described and some of the problems that exist in utilization and materials selection are described. Methods of heat extraction and the environmental concerns that accompany geothermal fluid development are briefly described. Governmental rules, regulations and legislation are explained. The time and steps necessary to bring about the development of the geothermal resource are explained in detail. Some of the federal incentives that encourage the use of geothermal energy are summarized. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-06-01

13

South Dakota Cooperative Extension Services  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the South Dakota Cooperative Extension Services (SDCES) is to "provide practical learning resources to address complex problems of youth and families, communities, agriculture, business, and industry." The SDCES is based at South Dakota State University, and their work includes creating fact sheets, reports, and educational materials on community development, Native American life, 4-H programs, and natural resources. Visitors should start by visiting the "Extension Library", where they will find the publications database, the mobile apps section of the site, and the websites for "On Call" and "Garden Line". The last two websites include interactive content such as archived shows, which in the case of "Garden Line", includes topics like nursery plants and how to plant to effectively attract songbirds. In the "Publications" area visitors can make their way through hundreds of publications from the SDCES.

14

Multifunctional Resource Center for Bilingual Education--University of Wisconsin-Madison. Service Area 6: Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin. Annual Report, October 1, 1993-September 30, 1994 (Contract Year 2).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report details the activities of the federally-funded Multifunctional Resource Center for Bilingual Education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, which serves the area of Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Its mission includes provision of training and technical assistance to educators and parents…

Coyne, Minerva Rivero

15

South Dakota Cooperative Extension Services  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the South Dakota Cooperative Extension Services (SDCES) is to "provide practical learning resources to address complex problems of youth and families, communities, agriculture, business, and industry." The SDCES is based at South Dakota State University, and their work includes creating fact sheets, reports, and educational materials on community development, Native American life, 4-H programs, and natural resources.

16

Availability and quality of water from the bedrock aquifers in the Rapid City area, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An evaluation made in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation of the availability and quality of water from the bedrock aquifers in the Rapid City area, South Dakota, concluded that Madison aquifer has the greatest potential for additional development of the three major aquifers investigated (the Inyan Kara, the Minnelusa, and the Madison). Ground-water availability and quality were evaluated on the basis of unit thickness and depth, potentiometric-surface altitudes and gradients, estimated recharge and discharge rates, estimated aquifer transmissivities and storage coefficients, reported yields of existing wells, and concentrations of ions in the water that may affect its use as a community supply. The Inyan Kara aquifer has the least potential for additional development because of reported small well yields , the proximity of the outcrop, and concentration of radium-226 exceeding 5 picocuries per liter. The Minnelusa aquifer is unsuitable for development in the eastern two-thirds of the study area because the concentrations of dissolved solids and sulfate commonly exceed the recommended maximum level for community water supplies. The Madison aquifer has the greatest potential for additional development because it has the greatest recharge rate, has areas with significant fracture permeability, yields as much as 500 gallons per minute to wells, and has satisifactory water quality, though it is hard (hardness 120 to 180 milligrams per liter) to very hard (hardness greater than 180 milligrams per liter). (USGS)

Peter, K.D.

1985-01-01

17

South Dakota Tourism Leopard Frog  

E-print Network

South Dakota Tourism Leopard Frog . and Myths, Cliches and Reality What we actually know and what of a high-quality, fine-toothed comb. A leopard frog produces a call similar to the sound made by rubbing

18

Hydrologic Effects of the 1988 Galena Fire, Black Hills Area, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Galena Fire burned about 16,788 acres of primarily ponderosa pine forest during July 5-8, 1988, in the Black Hills area of South Dakota. The fire burned primarily within the Grace Coolidge Creek drainage basin and almost entirely within the boundaries of Custer State Park. A U.S. Geological Survey gaging station with streamflow records dating back to 1977 was located along Grace Coolidge Creek within the burned area. About one-half of the gaging station's 26.8-square-mile drainage area was burned. The drainage basin for Bear Gulch, which is tributary to Grace Coolidge Creek, was burned particularly severely, with complete deforestation occurring in nearly the entirety of the area upstream from a gaging station that was installed in 1989. A study to evaluate effects of the Galena Fire on streamflow, geomorphology, and water quality was initiated in 1988. The geomorphologic and water-quality components of the study were completed by 1990 and are summarized in this report. A data-collection network consisting of streamflow- and precipitation-gaging stations was operated through water year 1998 for evaluation of effects on streamflow characteristics, including both annual-yield and peak-flow characteristics, which are the main focus of this report. Moderately burned areas did not experience a substantial increase in the rate of surface erosion; however, severely burned areas underwent surficial erosion nearly twice that of the unburned areas. The sediment production rate of Bear Gulch estimated 8 to 14 months after the fire was 870 ft3/acre (44 tons/acre). Substantial degradation of stream channels within the severely burned headwater areas of Bear Gulch was documented. Farther downstream, channel aggradation resulted from deposition of sediments transported from the headwater areas. The most notable water-quality effect was on concentrations of suspended sediment, which were orders of magnitude higher for Bear Gulch than for the unburned control area. Effects on several other water-quality constituents, such as organic carbon and nitrogen and phosphorus nutrient constituents, probably were influenced by the large concentrations of suspended matter that were documented in initial post-fire, storm-flow events. The first post-fire stormflow produced the highest measured concentrations of specific conductance, nitrogen, phosphorus, organic carbon, calcium, magnesium, potassium, manganese, and sulfate in the burned areas. For most constituents sampled, differences in concentrations between burned and unburned areas were no longer discernible within about 1 year following the Galena Fire. The effects of the Galena Fire on annual-yield characteristics of Grace Coolidge Creek were evaluated primarily from comparisons with long-term streamflow records for Battle Creek, which is hydrogeologically similar and is located immediately to the north. Annual yield for Grace Coolidge Creek increased by about 20 percent as a result of the fire. This estimate was based on relations between annual yield for Grace Coolidge Creek and Battle Creek for pre- and post-burn periods. Many of the post-burn data points are well beyond the range of the pre-burn data, which is a source of uncertainty for this estimate. Substantial increases in peak-flow characteristics for severely burned drainages were visually apparent from numerous post-fire field observations. Various analyses of streamflow data indicated substantial increases in peak-flow response for burned drainage areas; however, quantification of effects was particularly difficult because peak-flow response diminished quickly and returned to a generally pre-burn condition by about 1991. Field observations of vegetation and analysis of remotely sensed data indicated that establishment of grasses and forbs occurred within a similar timeframe. Comparison of pre-fire peak flows to post-1991 peak flows indicates that these grasses and forbs were equally effective in suppressing peak flows

Driscoll, Daniel G.; Carter, Janet M.; Ohlen, Donald O.

2004-01-01

19

South Dakota Kids Count Project: 1994 Factbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This factbook provides data on the well-being of South Dakota children. It is intended as a vehicle for policy makers, advocates, the media, and service providers to raise awareness on the status of children in South Dakota. Section 1 of the factbook is an introduction and overview on South Dakota demographics. Section 2 presents special reports…

Haven, Terry; Dykstra, De Vee

20

South Dakota Kids Count Factbook, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count factbook examines statewide trends in well-being for South Dakota's children. The statistical portrait is based on 24 indicators in the areas of demographics, health, education, economic status, and safety. The indicators are: (1) poverty thresholds; (2) population; (3) population on Indian Reservations; (4) infant mortality; (5)…

Cochran, Carole, Ed.

21

South Dakota Kids Count Factbook, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count fact book examines statewide trends in well-being for South Dakota's children. The statistical portrait is based on 26 indicators in the areas of demographics, health, education, economic status, and safety. The indicators are: (1) population; (2) family profile; (3) poverty thresholds; (4) infant mortality; (5) low birth weight…

Cochran, Carole

22

South Dakota KIDS COUNT Factbook, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count fact book examines statewide trends in well-being for South Dakota's children. The statistical portrait is based on 25 indicators in the areas of demographics, health, education, economic status, and safety. The indicators are: (1) population; (2) family profile; (3) poverty thresholds; (4) infant mortality rate; (5) low birth…

Cochran, Carole, Ed.

23

Ancient granite gneiss in the Black Hills, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Granite gneiss, with an age of approximately 2.5 billion years, in the Black Hills, South Dakota , provides a link betweeen ancient rocks in western Wyoming and Montana and in eastern North and South Dakota and Minnesota. The discovery suggests that early Precambrian rocks covered an extensive area in northcentral United States and were not restricted to several small nuclei.

Zartman, R.E.; Norton, J.J.; Stern, T.W.

1964-01-01

24

Loss and Reconstitution of Sioux Tribal Lands in South Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inconsistent government policies towards American Indian landholdings have created jurisdictional chaos on South Dakota's Sioux reservations. Although the Sioux had occupied the area of South Dakota since the seventeenth century, white settlers began to move into the territory in the 1840's. Despite treaties, the federal government began…

Weil, Richard H.

25

75 FR 60102 - South Dakota PrairieWinds Project (DOE/EIS-0418)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Western Area Power Administration South Dakota PrairieWinds Project...interconnect their proposed South Dakota PrairieWinds Project...not in the action area nor in South Dakota; therefore, destruction...the most prone to flooding (streams and wetlands [see below...

2010-09-29

26

Grizzly Gulch Fire, South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Burning next door to the South Dakota towns of Deadwood and Lead, the Grizzly Gulch fire forced the evacuation of many residents in the first week of July, 2002. In addition, smoke closed many of the roads in the area. At the time the fire's behavior was extreme, with 'torching, spotting, and running.' In other words, the fire was primarily burning along the ground, with entire trees occasionally erupting into flame (torching). At the same time, burning embers were being thrown ahead of the fire (spotting). In some areas the fire was spreading from the crown of one tree to another (running). (This glossary of fire terms has a good list of definitions) The above image shows the fire on the morning of July 1, 2002. Actively burning areas, concentrated on the east (right) side of the fire, are colored red and orange. Dark red areas indicate burn scars, while forest and other vegetation appears green. The exposed rock of the Homestake gold mine, now the National Underground Science Laboratory, is pinkish-brown. The total extent of the fire is oulined in yellow. The image was acquired by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) aboard the Landsat 7 satellite. More news about current wildfires in the United States is available from the National Fire Information Center. Image provided by the USGS EROS Data Center Satellite Systems Branch.

2002-01-01

27

75 FR 19435 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00027  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12077 and 12078] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00027...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1886-DR...organizations in the State of South Dakota, dated...

2010-04-14

28

76 FR 35936 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00041  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12590 and 12591] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00041...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR...organizations in the State of South Dakota, dated...

2011-06-20

29

75 FR 30873 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12181 and 12182] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00031...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1915-DR...organizations in the State of South Dakota, dated...

2010-06-02

30

75 FR 38154 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12181 and 12182] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00031...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of SOUTH DAKOTA (FEMA-1915-DR...organizations in the State of SOUTH DAKOTA, dated...

2010-07-01

31

76 FR 34286 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00041  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12590 and 12591] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00041...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR...organizations in the State of South Dakota, dated...

2011-06-13

32

78 FR 55771 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00061  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...13703 and 13704] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00061...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-4137-DR...organizations in the State of South Dakota, dated...

2013-09-11

33

75 FR 39994 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12181 and 12182] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00031...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1915-DR...organizations in the State of South Dakota, dated...

2010-07-13

34

76 FR 40767 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00041  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12590 and 12591] South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00041...a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR...organizations in the State of South Dakota, dated...

2011-07-11

35

Ecoregions of North Dakota and South Dakota: Interactive Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ecoregions denote areas of general similarity in ecosystems and in the type, quality, and quantity of environmental resources. They are designed to serve as a spatial framework for the research, assessment, management, and monitoring of ecosystems and ecosystem components. This interactive map shows the ecoregions of North and South Dakota in increasing levels of detail (from level III to level IV). Clicking on the legend shows information for each type of ecoregion, including a photo and description, physiography, geology, soils type, climate, natural vegetation types, and land use/land cover. A downloadable version is available.

36

The Arts in South Dakota: A Selective, Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography pulls together some of the available resources on the arts in South Dakota and the Dakota Territory. In preparing this bibliography, the arts were defined as broadly as possible. The major arts areas identified are: (1) Visual Arts (painting, sculpture, photography, graphic arts and printing, architecture, decorative and…

MacIntyre, Ron, Comp.; Bell, Rebecca L., Comp.; Amiotte, Arthur D., Comp.; Murray, Janette K., Comp.; Huenemann, Lynn F., Comp.

37

South Dakota Geothermal Energy Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The sources of geothermal fluids in South Dakota are described and some of the problems that exist in utilization and materials selection are detailed. Methods of heat extraction and the environmental concerns that accompany geothermal fluid development are briefly described. Governmental rules, regulations and legislation are explained. The time and steps necessary to bring about the development of the geothermal resources are explained in detail. Some of the federal incentives that encourage the use of geothermal energy are summarized.

Not Available

1980-06-01

38

South Dakota Public Higher Education System Opportunities Plan: A Report to the South Dakota Legislature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South Dakota Opportunities Plan is being presented to the South Dakota Legislature in fulfillment of the Legislature's directive from the 2006 session (House Bill 1238). The plan is intended to provide insight into the critical issues confronting higher education in South Dakota, responses made by the Board of Regents to these situations, and…

South Dakota Board of Regents, 2006

2006-01-01

39

Aberdeen Area Indian Health Service Environmental Health Program Review Conducted by: Indian Health Committee of the National Environmental Health Association (Aberdeen, South Dakota, May 23-27, 1977).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indian Health Committee met in Aberdeen, South Dakota, during the week of May 23, 1977 to (1) review the environmental health services provided to the tribal units on the 15 Indian reservations located in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Iowa, and (2) make recommendations for improvement or expansion of current programs, if needed. The…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Aberdeen, SD. Aberdeen Area Office.

40

Wetland Resources of Eastern South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center has recently posted a resource on South Dakota Wetlands. This report, by R. Johnson and K. Higgins, offers text, tables, and color illustrations of South Dakota's wetlands, including history of wetland drainage and the National Wetlands Inventory. Both reports may be browsed online or downloaded (.zip) from the respective sites.

Higgens, Kenneth F.

41

South Dakota Board of Regents Institutions. Exemplars.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the efforts of South Dakota's six public universities to increase their quality, accountability, and efficiency. Through the initiatives of the South Dakota Board of Regents, which is the governing authority, they have moved from a system that funds institutions by enrollment to one that provides base funding with incentives…

Wegner, Gregory R.

42

2008 Western South Dakota Hydrology Conference  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Mark Anderson, Director of the USGS South Dakota Water Science Center, with Dr. John H. Marburger, III, Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President. Dr. Marburger was the keynote speaker for the 2008 Western South Dakota Hydrology Conference, held on April 17...

43

Ethanol Making Significant Impact on South Dakota  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

As the need for biorenewable fuels increases, the ethanol industry in the U.S. continues to thrive and grow. The same is true here in South Dakota as well. In fact, South Dakota has been a leader in ethanol production for years, and will continue to be for years to come. This industry is making a...

44

Ladybugs of South Dakota, 2nd edition  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Images of the 80 species of Coccinellidae, commonly known as lady beetles, that occur in South Dakota are presented in taxonomic order. The second edition updates information, including the addition of a species new to South Dakota. Information on each species includes genus-species name, sub-fami...

45

Geology Fieldnotes: Badlands National Park, South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Badlands National Park, located in southwestern South Dakota, consists of 244,000 acres of sharply eroded buttes, pinnacles and spires blended with the largest, protected mixed grass prairie in the United States. Features include information on park geology, maps, photographs, visitor information, links to related publications, and lesson plans for teaching geology with National Park examples. The park geology section discusses the Park's geologic history during the Eocene and Oligocene epochs and the rich fossil deposits found there. Maps of the park and the surrounding area are included.

46

Geothermal resource assessment, South Dakota: Final report  

SciTech Connect

Seven geothermal aquifers in South Dakota contain an accessible resource base of about 11,207 x 10/sup 18/ J. The potentially productive geothermal aquifers are: Deadwood Formation (Cambrian), Winnipeg Formation + Red River Formation + Englewood Limestone (Ordovician through Devonian), Madison Limestone (Mississippian), Minnelusa Formation (Mississippian-Permian), Inyan Kara Group (Cretaceous), and Newcastle Sandstone (Cretaceous). The resource estimate was obtained by first using heat flow, thermal conductivity, temperature gradient, and stratigraphic data to estimate aquifer temperatures. The heat content of each aquifer was determined from the product of the volumetric heat capacity, aquifer volume, and temperature difference between the aquifer and the mean annual temperature for a 14 x 14 grid of 240 km/sup 2/ cells. Geothermal fluid temperatures range from about 120/sup 0/C in the Deadwood Formation in the Williston Basin to about 30/sup 0/C for the Newcastle Sandstone in south-central South Dakota. The area containing the resource lies largely west of the Missouri River. About 10,000 km/sup 2/ of the resource area is characterized by anomalously high heat flow values greater than 100 mW m/sup -2/.

Gosnold, W.D. Jr.

1987-07-01

47

Digital Library of South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To know the Digital Library of South Dakota (DLSD) is to explore the wide world of this majestic state and its rich history. The DLSD is a collaboration of the libraries of the six Board of Regents colleges and universities, along with other educational partners around the state. On the site's homepage, visitors can elect to search across all of the DLSD collections or use the "Browse" feature. There are about three dozen collections available and they include Black Hills National Forest, Institute of American Indian Studies, and the Mahoney Music Collection. The Black Hills National Forest collection is a wonderful tour through the history of this regal national treasure, complete with dramatic historic vistas and the gorgeous Bridal Veil Falls. There's much more to explore here and overall it's a nice model of interinstitutional cooperation married to a wealth of diverse resources.

48

USGS Water Resources of South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Water Resources of South Dakota site contains hydrologic data, including realtime streamflow, precipitation, and water use data. There are USGS water resources publications and information on projects such as the Black Hills Hydrology Study; the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Volatile Organic Chemicals National Synthesis; the Belle Fourche Watershed Assessment Study; and the Sensitivity of Ground Water to Contamination project in Lawrence County, South Dakota.

49

Application of remote sensing technology to land evaluation, planning utilization of land resources, and assessment of wildlife areas in eastern South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A soils map for land evaluation in Potter County (Eastern South Dakota) was developed to demonstrate the use of remote sensing technology in the area of diverse parent materials and topography. General land use and soils maps have also been developed for land planning LANDSAT, RB-57 imagery, and USGS photographs are being evaluated for making soils and land use maps. LANDSAT fulfilled the requirements for general land use and a general soils map. RB-57 imagery supplemented by large scale black and white stereo coverage was required to provide the detail needed for the final soils map for land evaluation. Color infrared prints excelled black and white coverage for this soil mapping effort. An identification and classification key for wetland types in the Lake Dakota Plain was developed for June 1975 using color infrared imagery. Wetland types in the region are now being mapped via remote sensing techniques to provide a current inventory for development of mitigation measures.

1975-01-01

50

Evaluation of small area crop estimation techniques using LANDSAT- and ground-derived data. [South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Studies completed in fiscal year 1981 in support of the clustering/classification and preprocessing activities of the Domestic Crops and Land Cover project. The theme throughout the study was the improvement of subanalysis district (usually county level) crop hectarage estimates, as reflected in the following three objectives: (1) to evaluate the current U.S. Department of Agriculture Statistical Reporting Service regression approach to crop area estimation as applied to the problem of obtaining subanalysis district estimates; (2) to develop and test alternative approaches to subanalysis district estimation; and (3) to develop and test preprocessing techniques for use in improving subanalysis district estimates.

Amis, M. L.; Martin, M. V.; Mcguire, W. G.; Shen, S. S. (principal investigators)

1982-01-01

51

Geology and pegmatites of part of the Fourmile area, Custer County, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Fourmile area, Custer County, S. Dak., is underlain by pre-Cambrian metamorphic rocks that surround the granitic core of the Black Hills. The main structure in the area is the upright limb of an overturned anticline that plunges about 30 ? S. 10 ? E. Three units of metamorphic rocks are described that have a total thickness of at least 7, 700 feet. The oldest of these units, a quartz-mica schist, is more than 6, 500 feet thick. The overlying unit, about 200 feet thick, is composed of thin beds of amphibolite and hornblende schist, lime-silicate rock, cordierite-biotite schist, microcline-biotite schist, and other types of rocks. The youngest unit, a quartz-mica-feldspar schist, is more than 1,000 feet thick. The presence of kyanite, staurolite, cordierite, and sillimanite in the rocks indicates that they have been subjected to high-grade metamorphism. About 420 pegmatites were mapped in the quartzmica-schist and the quartz-mica-feldspar schist. A few thin pegmatites in the third unit were not mapped. Most of these are concordant with the schistosity and relict (?) bedding of the enclosing metamorphic rocks. They are as much as 250 feet thick and range from 10 to 2, 600 feet in length. Nine peqmatites are zoned and classified as heterogeneous. The remainder are homogeneous and are poorly zoned. The major constituents are plaqioclase, quartz, perthite, and muscovite. The accessory minerals are tourmaline, apatite, garnet, and biotite. Beryl was observed in 15 peqmatites. The heterogeneous pegmatites contain commercial deposits of potash feldspar, mica (sheet and scrap), and beryl.

Lang, Andrew J.; Redden, Jack Allison

1953-01-01

52

Stratabound geothermal resources in North Dakota and South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of all geothermal aquifers in North Dakota and South Dakota indicates an accessible resource base of approximately 21.25 exajoules (10{sup 18} J = 1 exajoule, 10{sup 18} J{approximately}10{sup 15} Btu=1 quad) in North Dakota and approximately 12.25 exajoules in South Dakota. Resource temperatures range from 40{degree}C at depths of about 700 m to 150{degree}C at 4500 m. This resource assessment increases the identified accessible resource base by 31% over the previous assessments. These results imply that the total stratabound geothermal resource in conduction-dominated systems in the United States is two-to-three times greater than some current estimates. The large increase in the identified accessible resource base is primarily due to inclusion of all potential geothermal aquifers in the resource assessment and secondarily due to the expanded data base compiled in this study. These factors were interdependent in that the extensive data base provided the means for inclusion of all potential geothermal aquifers in the analysis. Previous assessments included only well-known aquifer systems and were limited by the amount of available data. 40 refs., 16 figs., 8 tabs.

Gosnold, W.D. Jr.

1991-08-01

53

CUBED: South Dakota 2010 Research Center For Dusel Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the selection of the Homestake Mine in western South Dakota by the National Science Foundation (NSF) as the site for a national Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL), the state of South Dakota has sought ways to engage its faculty and students in activities planned for DUSEL. One such effort is the creation of a 2010 Research Center focused on ultra-low background experiments or a Center for Ultra-low Background Experiments at DUSEL (CUBED). The goals of this center include to 1) bring together the current South Dakota faculty so that one may begin to develop a critical mass of expertise necessary for South Dakota's full participation in large-scale collaborations planned for DUSEL; 2) to increase the number of research faculty and other research personnel in South Dakota to complement and supplement existing expertise in nuclear physics and materials sciences; 3) to be competitive in pursuit of external funding through the creation of a center which focuses on areas of interest to experiments planned for DUSEL such as an underground crystal growth lab, a low background counting facility, a purification/depletion facility for noble liquids, and an electroforming copper facility underground; and 4) to train and educate graduate and undergraduate students as a way to develop the scientific workforce of the state. We will provide an update on the activities of the center and describe in more detail the scientific foci of the center.

Keller, Christina; Alton, Drew; Bai, Xinhau; Durben, Dan; Heise, Jaret; Hong, Haiping; Howard, Stan; Jiang, Chaoyang; Keeter, Kara; McTaggart, Robert; Medlin, Dana; Mei, Dongming; Petukhov, Andre; Rauber, Joel; Roggenthen, Bill; Spaans, Jason; Sun, Yongchen; Szczerbinska, Barbara; Thomas, Keenan; Zehfus, Michael; Zhang, Chao

2010-03-01

54

What is reciprocity?* Students from North Dakota and South Dakota will pay a tuition  

E-print Network

What is reciprocity?* Students from North Dakota and South Dakota will pay a tuition of Minnesota. Please contact the following office if you would like an application sent to you: North Dakota enrolling for Fall 2006 and later, the reciprocity agree- ment with North Dakota will no longer include

Amin, S. Massoud

55

75 FR 28312 - South Dakota Disaster # SD-00030  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 12179 and 12180] South Dakota Disaster SD-00030 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1914-DR), dated...

2010-05-20

56

75 FR 61229 - South Dakota Disaster #SD-00034  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 12333 and 12334] South Dakota Disaster SD-00034 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1938-DR), dated...

2010-10-04

57

78 FR 42147 - South Dakota Disaster #SD-00059  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 13649 and 13650] South Dakota Disaster SD-00059 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-4125-DR), dated...

2013-07-15

58

78 FR 29425 - South Dakota Disaster #SD-00057  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 13581 and 13582] South Dakota Disaster SD-00057 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-4115-DR), dated...

2013-05-20

59

75 FR 69732 - South Dakota Disaster #SD-00035  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 12375 and 12376] South Dakota Disaster SD-00035 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1947-DR), dated...

2010-11-15

60

75 FR 13145 - SOUTH DAKOTA Disaster #SD-00027  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 12077 and 12078] SOUTH DAKOTA Disaster SD-00027 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1886-DR), dated...

2010-03-18

61

75 FR 28311 - South Dakota Disaster # SD-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 12181 and 12182] South Dakota Disaster SD-00031 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA--1915--DR), dated...

2010-05-20

62

75 FR 13144 - South Dakota Disaster #SD-00028  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 12079 and 12080] South Dakota Disaster SD-00028 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1887-DR), dated...

2010-03-18

63

75 FR 47035 - South Dakota Disaster #SD-00033  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 12256 and 12257] South Dakota Disaster SD-00033 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1929-DR), dated...

2010-08-04

64

78 FR 48764 - South Dakota Disaster # SD-00061  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Disaster Declaration 13703 and 13704] South Dakota Disaster SD-00061 AGENCY: U.S...Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-4137-DR), dated...

2013-08-09

65

South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

of water problems in the state. The Advisory Committee reviewed grant applications and recommended projectsSouth Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2008 South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2008 1 #12;Introduction South Dakota's Water Resources Research

66

78 FR 51200 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...Kingsbury Counties for Public Assistance. All...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2013-08-20

67

75 FR 30418 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...Ziebach Counties for Public Assistance. All...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2010-06-01

68

South Dakota Board of Regents Fact Book, Fiscal Year 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These are demanding, yet exciting, times for public higher education in South Dakota. Challenges are many-how best to deliver educational services in view of demographic shifts in South Dakota's population base, limited state resources, and far-reaching economic changes both nationally and internationally. The South Dakota Board of Regents is…

South Dakota Board of Regents, 2005

2005-01-01

69

75 FR 71453 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...Sioux Tribe for Public Assistance. All...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2010-11-23

70

75 FR 62135 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...Union Counties for Public Assistance. All...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2010-10-07

71

78 FR 45548 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...Bennett County for Public Assistance. All...in the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2013-07-29

72

75 FR 47612 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...Reservation for Public Assistance. All...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2010-08-06

73

75 FR 30420 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...Union Counties for Public Assistance. All...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2010-06-01

74

75 FR 15452 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...authorized to provide Public Assistance in the...of the State of South Dakota have been designated...these counties for Public Assistance. All...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2010-03-29

75

South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

quality, drinking water quality, bio treatment for the removal of uranium from water, vegetative treatmentSouth Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2007 South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2007 1 #12;Introduction South Dakota's Water Resources Research

76

South Dakota Kids Count Factbook, 2002. Tenth Annual Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count factbook examines statewide trends in the well-being of South Dakotas children. The statistical portrait is based on 25 indicators in the areas of demographics, health, education, economics, and safety. The indicators include: (1) poverty thresholds; (2) racial groups; (3) single age years; (4) households and families; (5) infant…

Cochran, Carole; Nelson-Kraayenbrink, Briana

77

Microgravity Measurement in Black Hills of South Dakota  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Microgravity measurements were collected to determine groundwater-storage changes in the karstic Madison aquifer in the Black Hills of South Dakota during 2009-12. This relative-gravity measurement was made in the Doty focus area to the northwest of Rapid City, SD....

78

SURVEY OF FURBEARERS IN FALL RIVER COUNTY SOUTH DAKOTA WITH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suitable soil substrates in 2 survey areas of Fall River County, South Dakota containing both public (i.e., Buffalo Gap National Grassland) and private rangeland were searched for evidence of furbearers with emphasis on swift fox (Vulpes velox) between 1 September and 4 November 1999. Surveys of roads, dams, creeks, and cowpaths were conducted by walking selected land quarter sections (64.8

Richard A. Peterson; Jonathan A. Jenks; Eileen Dowd Stukel

79

SOUTH DAKOTA STUDIES PROVIDE NEW INSIGHT INTO ROOTWORM MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In 1997, the South Dakota areawide management site was entered into the ARS-sponsored corn rootworm areawide management program, which was used to illustrate the management of corn rootworms over large geographic areas. This site had substantial Diabrotica populations and damage to corn produced ann...

80

OMAHA, NE, DISTRICT This district comprises portions of Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Colorado,  

E-print Network

26-1 OMAHA, NE, DISTRICT This district comprises portions of Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, and Missouri, all embraced in the drainage basin-8 Environmental Page 24. Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe, Lowe Brule Sioux Tribe and State of South Dakota Terrestrial

US Army Corps of Engineers

81

The Death of Distance: Documenting the Effects of Distance Education in South Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Dakota has arguably the most technologically advanced educational system in the United States. The state boasts a population of approximately 750,000 residents, distributed across an area measuring approximately 250 by 400 miles. South Dakota is experiencing a shortage of specialist teachers and university faculty, and the vast geographical…

Wheeler, Steve; Amiotte, Shannon

2005-01-01

82

HELMINTHS OF SOUTH DAKOTA BOBCATS 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the trapping season of 1977-78 and 1978-79, 51 bobcat (Lynx rufus) carcasses were obtained from fur dealers in South Dakota and examined for parasitic helminths. Diaphragm, tongue, and masseter muscle samples from 153 bobcats were examined for trichinosis. Nematodes located included Toxascaris leonina in 46 of 51 (90%), Toxocara mystax in 2 of 51 (4%). Physaloptera prae­ putialis in

Elizabeth C. Schitoskey

83

Indian Place Names in South Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cursory examination of place names on a map of South Dakota does not reflect the important role that Indians have played in the state and their relation to the land framed by its borders. Only three towns with populations over 1,000 bear names that clearly come from Indian languages: Sioux Falls, Sisseton, and Yankton. The hostile relationship…

Gasque, Thomas J.

84

A Profile of Homeschooling in South Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors conducted a statewide study to determine which factors influenced parents' decision making in electing to homeschool their children rather than send them to public school education in South Dakota. Analysis of data, using frequencies, percentages, means, and standard deviations revealed that the most prevalent reasons for homeschooling…

Boschee, Bonni F.; Boschee, Floyd

2011-01-01

85

Financing the Public Schools of South Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fourth of a series of comprehensive State school financing studies conducted by the National Educational Finance Project. The report provides a summary of study findings and recommendations, a brief overview of the existing State school support program in South Dakota, a complete report and summary of the findings of each of seven…

National Educational Finance Project, Gainsville, FL.

86

South Dakota Public Library Trustees Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to provide information which South Dakota Public Library Trustees may wish to use in the performance of their duties, this manual suggests useful practices and shares successful and desirable methods of representing the community through the library board, provides an up-to-date and reasonably comprehensive source of general information…

South Dakota State Library, Pierre.

87

Provisional Checklist of Mammals of South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distribution al patterns of mammals in South Dakota are among th e most poorly known for an y region of similar size in temperate N orth America . The only state-wide treatment of th e group was the mimeograph ed compilation by Over and Churchill (1945), which consisted mostly of nontechnical anecdotes . Consequently , much of what is known

Jerry R. Choate; J. Knox Jones

88

Spring 1996 Enrollment. South Dakota Public and Private Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compendium of data tables summarizes state enrollment data for six public universities in South Dakota -- Black Hills State University, Dakota State University, Northern State University, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, South Dakota State University, and the University of South Dakota -- and 12 private institutions: Augustana…

South Dakota Board of Regents, Pierre.

89

Habitat Use by Beaver Along the Big Sioux River in Eastern South Dakota  

E-print Network

Habitat Use by Beaver Along the Big Sioux River in Eastern South Dakota CHARLES D. DIETER Dakota 57007 USA Abstract.-Habitat use by beavers Castor canadensis was investigated during 1985 and 1986 trees in grazed areas had large diameters (DBH> 30 cm). Beaver activity was evidenton 280 of2,369 (11

90

Facts on Kids in South Dakota, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report consists of four issues in a series of fact sheets that examine specific indicators of the well-being of children in South Dakota. Issue one focuses on teens and motor vehicle crashes. The fact sheet notes that teen death rates from car crashes have been higher than the national rate for 4 of the 5 years between 1992-1996.…

Goebel, Pat, Ed.; Blad, Amy, Ed.

2000-01-01

91

Survival of Pronghorns in Western South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Survival and cause-specific mortality of pronghorns (Antilocapra americana) have been well-documented in several western states and Canadian provinces. However, no information has been collected in western South Dakota, USA, where mixed-grass prairie habitats characterize rangelands. The objectives of our study were to determine survival and cause-specific mortality of adult (.18 months) and yearling (6-18 months) pronghorns and to determine monthly

CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES; JONATHAN A. JENKS; JARET D. SIEVERS; DANIEL E. RODDY; FREDERICK G. LINDZEY

2007-01-01

92

Geothermal resource assessment, South Dakota: Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven geothermal aquifers in South Dakota contain an accessible resource base of about 11,207 x 10¹⁸ J. The potentially productive geothermal aquifers are: Deadwood Formation (Cambrian), Winnipeg Formation + Red River Formation + Englewood Limestone (Ordovician through Devonian), Madison Limestone (Mississippian), Minnelusa Formation (Mississippian-Permian), Inyan Kara Group (Cretaceous), and Newcastle Sandstone (Cretaceous). The resource estimate was obtained by first using

Gosnold; W. D. Jr

1987-01-01

93

South Dakota Wind Resource Assessment Network (WRAN)  

DOE Data Explorer

WRAN is a network of instrument stations sited throughout South Dakota. As of 2010, there are eleven stations, and some have been collecting data since 2001. The purpose of the WRAN:

There are several reasons why the WRAN was built. One of the most obvious is that it will allow verification of the existing resource assessments of our state. South Dakota has tremendous potential as an exporter of wind-generated electricity. There has recently been a great deal of publicity over a Pacific Northwest National Laboratories study conducted in the early 1990s that ranked the contiguous 48 states in terms of their potential to produce windpower. (Click here for the results of this study as given by the American Wind Energy Association.) South Dakota ranked fourth in that study. Also, more recently, detailed maps of the wind resource in South Dakota were produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Unfortunately, both of these studies had to rely heavily on computer-generated models and very sparse measured data, because very little appropriate measured data exists. The WRAN will provide valuable data that we anticipate will validate the NREL maps, and perhaps suggest minor adjustments.

There are many other benefits the WRAN will provide. The data it will measure will be at heights above ground that are more appropriate for predicting the performance of large modern wind turbines, as opposed to data collected at National Weather Service stations whose anemometers are usually only about 9 m (30 feet) above ground. Also, we will collect some different types of data than most wind measurement networks, which will allow a series of important studies of the potential impact and value of South Dakota's windpower. In addition, all of the WRAN data will be made available to the public via this WWWeb site. This will hopefully enable extensive informed discussion among all South Dakotans on such important topics as rural economic development and transmission system expansion. [Copied from http://sdwind.com/about/

94

Geology Fieldnotes: Mount Rushmore National Memorial, South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Details offered on this site include park geology, visitor information, maps, photographs, and links to additional resources. This famous carved mountain is located on the Harney Peak granite batholith - a large outcrop of granite rock that formed within the Earth. This batholith is part of the Black Hills of South Dakota. All rock types are present in the area, and the oldest date back 1.7 billion years (Precambrian). The carving of this monument is also discussed.

95

Geologic and hydrologic data from a test-drilling program in the High Plains area of South Dakota, 1979-80  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The High Plains aquifer system in south-central South Dakota comprises dune sands, the Ogallala Formation, the Arikaree Formation, and the White River Group. As part of the High Plains Regional Aquifer-Systems Analysis, a total of 29 test holes were drilled from 1979 to 1980 to aid in defining the geometry of the aquifer system. The information obtained from these drilling progrms is presented. (USGS)

Loskot, C.L.; Case, H.L.; Hern, D.G.

1984-01-01

96

South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

. A synopsis on this project, titled "Geochemistry of Dissolved Organic Carbon in the Big Sioux Basin, Eastern Category Data Title Geochemistry of Dissolved Organic Carbon in the Big Sioux Basin, Eastern South Dakota During the tenure of the Regional Competitive Grant Program, only one project was funded in South Dakota

97

South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

of the SDWRI is to address the current and future water needs of people, agriculture, and industry through with agriculture. One covered the use of cover crops to minimize loss of plant nutrients to water resourcesSouth Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2010 South Dakota Water Research

98

76 FR 36140 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Major Disaster...declaration of a major disaster for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-06-21

99

ENTRAINMENT OF ICHTHYOPLANKTON THROUGH BIG BEND DAM, SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

, South Dakota by Kevin A. Smith and Michael L. Brown South Dakota State University Completion Report Grants Coordinator Wayne Winter Department Secretary John Cooper Division Director Douglas Hansen River GFP fisheries staff(R. Hanten, B. Johnson, K. Klinger, A. Leingang, J. Lott, W. Nelson-Stastny, J

100

Systematic Spacing of Townsites along Eastern South Dakota's Rail Lines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates townsite distribution in South Dakota's land settlement pattern. Reviews past theories explaining eastern South Dakota's systematic spacing of towns along rail lines. Indicates a correlation between railroad functions and town development, advancing the theory that nineteenth-century railroad technology, involving traffic control and…

Lockwood, Catherine M.

1990-01-01

101

Attitudes of South Dakota Teachers toward the Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results are presented of a survey questionnaire based on the 1984 Gallup Poll of Teachers' Attitudes Toward the Public Schools but adapted to solicit the opinions of K-12 public school teachers in South Dakota about South Dakota public schools. Responses were received from 60 percent of the 500 teachers surveyed. Question topics included: (1)…

Webster, Loraine; Wood, Robert W.

102

78 FR 72093 - South Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...in the State of South Dakota. In order to provide...Unemployment Assistance and Public Assistance in the...Shannon Counties for Public Assistance. Butte...assistance under the Public Assistance program...within the State of South Dakota are eligible...

2013-12-02

103

Distance Education in South Dakota: A Statewide Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Dakota State leaders decided a few years ago to make a commitment to educational technology and distance education. The result is a blend of public and private support for educational change focused on increased use of instructional technology and distance education. The May/June 2001 issue of "Tech Trends" presents ideas from South Dakota…

Simonson, Michael

2001-01-01

104

HABITAT RELATIONSHIPS OF WATERFOWL BROODS ON SOUTH DAKOTA STOCK PONDS  

E-print Network

HABITAT RELATIONSHIPS OF WATERFOWL BROODS ON SOUTH DAKOTA STOCK PONDS GENB D. MAcK. AND LESTER D HABITAT RELATIONSHIPS OF WATERFOWL BROODS ON SOUTH DAKOTA STOCK PONDSl Over 88,000 stock watering ponds natural waterways; many of these ponds are of considerable value to waterfowl production (Bue et aI. 1952

105

Encyclopedia of Research on Distance Education in South Dakota. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The action research reports compiled in this revised Encyclopedia focus on distance education in South Dakota. Contents include: "Designing Instruction for Distance Education: Guide to Best Practice" (Michael Simonson); "Effectiveness of Strategies Used by South Dakota Distance Education Teachers" (Jan Brockel); "Consortium: Key To Successful…

Simonson, Michael, Comp.; Crawford, Margaret, Comp.

106

Education in South Dakota: District & Statewide Profiles, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents in a single volume information about South Dakota education previously presented in the Statistical Digest and the Academic Progress Report. The information is presented in the form of district profiles and statewide summaries, giving users a complete snapshot of each public school district in South Dakota. The easy-to-use…

South Dakota State Dept. of Education and Cultural Affairs, Pierre.

107

CUBED: South Dakota 2010 Research Center For Dusel Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the selection of the Homestake Mine in western South Dakota by the National Science Foundation (NSF) as the site for a national Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL), the state of South Dakota has sought ways to engage its faculty and students in activities planned for DUSEL. One such effort is the creation of a 2010 Research Center

Christina Keller; Drew Alton; Xinhau Bai; Dan Durben; Jaret Heise; Haiping Hong; Stan Howard; Chaoyang Jiang; Kara Keeter; Robert McTaggart; Dana Medlin; Dongming Mei; Andre Petukhov; Joel Rauber; Bill Roggenthen; Jason Spaans; Yongchen Sun; Barbara Szczerbinska; Keenan Thomas; Michael Zehfus; Chao Zhang

2010-01-01

108

Selected data for wells and test holes used in structure-contour maps of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation in the Black Hills area, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents selected data on wells and test holes that were used in the construction of structure-contour maps of selected formations that contain major aquifers in the Black Hills area of western South Dakota. Altitudes of the top of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation are presented for the wells and test holes presented in this report.

Carter, J.M.

1999-01-01

109

American Indian Population in South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in an Indians of North America class for undergraduate students. This activity looks at Indian poulation shifts in South Dakota. Using the CensusScope website, similar trends can be analyzed in all 50 states. This activity uses the charts, rankings and maps on CensusScope.org. CensusScope is an easy-to-use tool to investigate U.S. trends using census data. There is an answer key for the activity that can be found under teaching materials.

Donna Hess

110

South Dakota School of Mines, Keystone, South Dakota solar-energy-system performanceevaluation, June 1980April 1981  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South Dakota School of Mines site is the Mount Rushmore National Memorial Visitor's Center in Keystone, South Dakota. The active solar energy system is a retrofit designed to supply 45% of the heating load and 53% of the observation room cooling load. The system is equipped with 2000 square feet of flat-plate collector panels double-glazed with a black chrome

Eck

1981-01-01

111

Vocational and Technical Educational Needs of the Adult and Out-of-School Youth in South Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to determine (1) if the present South Dakota vocational education program was adequate, (2) what the 1970 projected needs of industry in South Dakota would be, (3) what broad areas of training should be included in an adequate state program, and (4) what was the most feasible plan for implementation of the program.…

White, Leland Walter

112

SAGEBRUSH STEPPE HABITATS AND THEIR ASSOCIATED BIRD SPECIES IN SOUTH DAKOTA, NORTH DAKOTA, AND WYOMING  

E-print Network

, AND WYOMING: LIFE ON THE EDGE OF THE SAGEBRUSH ECOSYSTEM \\.,.. BY AmyR. Lewis A dissertation submitted IN SOUTH DAKOTA, NORTH DAKOTA, AND WYOMING: LIFE ON THE EDGE OF THE SAGEBRUSH ECOSYSTEM This dissertation in Buffalo, SD, Kenneth Parr and others at the US Bureau of Reclamation, Larry Strong of USGS in ND

113

Migrant Programs in the Northwestern States -- Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the "Comprehensive National Survey of Migrant Programs" series, this directory lists services and resources available to migrant and seasonal farmworkers during their stay in the Northwestern states of Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming. Prepared for use by agencies working with these…

National Migrant Information Clearinghouse, Austin, TX. Juarez-Lincoln Center.

114

Paleoenvironment of Fort Union Formation, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Rocks of Paleocene age are represented in the Cave Hills of northwestern South Dakota by the Ludlow, Cannonball, and Tongue River members of the Fort Union Formation. The Cave Hills are situated within the southern margin of the Williston basin, 80 mi (130 km) north of the Black Hills, South Dakota. Numerous fine-grained, fining-upward sedimentary sequences comprise the Ludlow Member and are attributed to meandering streams occupying a low-gradient lower alluvial to upper deltaic plain. The Cannonball Member is 130 ft (40 m) thick in the North Cave Hills and is represented by two fine-grained, coarsening-upward sandstone mudstone sequences. A distinct vertical succession of sedimentary facies occur within each sequence representing offshore/lower shoreface through upper shoreface/foreshore depositional environment. A north to northeast depositional strike for the Cannonball shoreline is inferred from ripple crest and cross-bed orientations. The basal part of the Tongue River consists of approximately 40 to 50 ft (12 to 15 m) of lenticular sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, thin-bedded lignite, and kaolinite beds representing thin broad channels, point-bar, levee, overbank, and nearshore swamp depositional environments. Massive fluvial channel sandstones measuring several tens of ft in thickness overlie the fine-grained basal Tongue River lithologies. These channel sandstones represent the continued progradation of continental/fluvial/coastal plain depositional environments eastward over the marine sandstones of the Cannonball Member.

Goodrum, C.

1983-08-01

115

Remote sensing applications to resource problems in South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cooperative projects between RSI and numerous South Dakota agencies have provided a means of incorporating remote sensing techniques into operational programs. Eight projects discussed in detail are: (1) detection of high moisture zones near interstate 90; (2) thermal infrared census of Canada geese in South Dakota; (3) dutch elm disease detection in urban environment; (4) a feasibility study for monitoring effective precipitation in South Dakota using TIROS-N; (5) open and abandoned dump sites in Spink county; (6) the influence of soil reflectance on LANDSAT signatures of crops; (7) A model implementation program for Lake Herman watershed; and (8) the Six-Mile Creek investigation follow-on.

Myers, V. I. (principal investigator); Best, R. G.; Dalsted, K. J.; Devries, M. E.; Eidenshink, J. C.; Fowler, R.; Heilman, J.; Schmer, F. A.

1980-01-01

116

Distance Education in South Dakota: A Historical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of distance education in South Dakota. Highlights include interactive videoconferencing on the Digital Dakota Network (DDN); four video consortiums for K-12 schools; the Rural Development Telecommunications Network; the Electronic University Consortium; higher Education opportunities via the Internet, satellites,…

Bauck, Tamara

2001-01-01

117

30 CFR 941.700 - South Dakota Federal program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...demonstrates in the application that: (1) Such variance is necessary because of the unique nature of South Dakota's terrain, climate, biological, chemical, or other relevant physical conditions; and (2) The proposed alternative will achieve...

2014-07-01

118

Sanford USD Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota  

Cancer.gov

Sanford USD Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota Sanford Cancer Center 1305 W. 18th Street Sioux Falls, SD 57105 www.sanfordhealth.org • Pat O’Brien, MD, President, Sanford USD Medical Center • Dan Blue, MD, President, Sanford Clinic •

119

76 FR 35935 - South Dakota Disaster Number SD-00041  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...amendment of the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated 05/13/2011. Incident: Flooding. Incident Period: 03/11/2011 and continuing. [[Page 35936

2011-06-20

120

76 FR 30226 - South Dakota Disaster # SD-00041  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Notice of the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated 05/13/2011. Incident: Flooding. Incident Period: 03/11/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-24

121

Hippodamia variegata (Goeze) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Found in South Dakota  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Hippodamia variegata (Goeze) (Coleoptea: Coccinellidae), a Palearctic lady beetles established in North America, is reported for the first time from the state of South Dakota, U.S.A. Implications for biological control and future research are discussed....

122

An Educator's Guide to South Dakota's Natural Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website focuses on environmental education and includes pages on the flora, fauna, endangered species, and other natural resources of South Dakota. The pages feature descriptions and illustrations, and are intended for use by educators.

Martin J. Jarrett

123

Anomalous concentrations of several metals in iron-formation of the Blue Lead Mountain area, Pennington County, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geochemical sampling of bedrock has revealed anomalous copper, silver, molybdenum, gold, arsenic, mercury, zinc, and cobalt in meta-iron-formation in the Blue Lead Mountain area 5 miles (8 kilometres) north-northwest of Keystone, S. Dak. The anomalies are in complexly folded and faulted iron-formation. Metal content decreases sharply in the surrounding rocks. The extent and intensity of the anomalous areas, despite evidence that previous mining had little success, are sufficient to make this area an interesting target for exploration.

Raymond, William H.; King, Robert Ugstad; Norton, James Jennings

1975-01-01

124

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 85 (2006) 171 RARE AND DECLINING FISHES OF SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

small, isolated habitats though it has not declined in South Dakota. In contrast, the lake chub Couesius plumbeus was once widespread within streams of the Black Hills and was also present in the Crow Creek

125

Isopach and structure contour mapping of thin bentonite and shale beds in an area of mapped lineaments, central South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The N aquifer is an important source of water in the 5,400 square-mile Black Mesa area on the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona. The Black Mesa monitoring program is designed to monitor long-term effects on the groundwater resources of the mesa as part of withdrawals from the aquifer by the strip-mining operation of Peabody Coal Co. Withdrawals from the N aquifer by the mine increased from 95 acre-feet in 1968 to more than 4,000 acre-feet in 1984. In 1985, withdrawals from the mine wells were temporarily reduced to about 2,500 acre-feet. Water levels in the confined area of the aquifer declined as much as 87 feet from 1965 to 1985 in some municipal and observation wells within about a 15-mile radius of the mine well field. In 1986, measurements indicated some recovery in water levels in most of these wells because of an approximate 90-percent reduction in pumpage from Peabody Coal Co. wells during the last half of 1985. Part of the drawdown in municipal wells is due to local pumpage. Water levels have not declined in wells tapping the unconfined area of the aquifer. Chemical analyses indicate no significant changes in the quality of water from wells that tap the N aquifer or from springs that discharge from several stratigraphic units, including the N aquifer, since pumping began at the mine. (USGS)

Chleborad, A.F.

1986-01-01

126

Transition year labeling error characterization study. [Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Oklahoma  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Labeling errors made in the large area crop inventory experiment transition year estimates by Earth Observation Division image analysts are identified and quantified. The analysis was made from a subset of blind sites in six U.S. Great Plains states (Oklahoma, Kansas, Montana, Minnesota, North and South Dakota). The image interpretation basically was well done, resulting in a total omission error rate of 24 percent and a commission error rate of 4 percent. The largest amount of error was caused by factors beyond the control of the analysts who were following the interpretation procedures. The odd signatures, the largest error cause group, occurred mostly in areas of moisture abnormality. Multicrop labeling was tabulated showing the distribution of labeling for all crops.

Clinton, N. J. (principal investigators)

1980-01-01

127

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 81 (2002) 147 VARIATION IN SMALL MAMMAL RICHNESS AMONG  

E-print Network

Area in eastern South Dakota. Ecotypes were an eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) stand, native food plot. Coniferous for- est was dominated by eastern red cedar. Grasslands were composed of native

128

Geology of the Knife River area, North Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Knife River area, consisting of six 15-minute quadrangles, includes the lower half of the Knife River valley in west-central North Dakota. The area, in the center of the Williston Basin, is underlain by the Tongue River member of the Fort Union formation (Paleocene) and the Golden Valley formation (Eocene). The Tongue River includes beds equivalent to the Sentinel Butte shale; the Golden Valley formation, which receives its first detailed description in this report, consists of two members, a lower member of gray to white sandy kaolin clay and an upper member of cross-bedded micaceous sandstone. Pro-Tongue River rocks that crop out in southwestern North Dakota include the Ludlow member of the Fort Union formation, the Cannonball marine formation (Paleocene) and the Hell Creek, Fox Hills, and Pierre formations, all upper Cretaceous. Post-Golden Valley rocks include the White River formation (Oligocene) and gravels on an old planation surface that may be Miocene or Pliocent. Surficial deposits include glacial and fluvial deposits of Pleistocene age and alluvium, dune sand, residual silica, and landslide blocks of Recent age. Three ages of glacial deposits can be differentiated, largely on the basis of three fills, separated by unconformities, in the Knife River valley. All three are of Wisconsin age and probably represent the Iowan, Tazewell, and Mankato substages. Deposits of the Cary substage have not been identified either in the Knife River area or elsewhere in southern North Dakota. Iowan glacial deposits form the outermost drift border in North Dakota. Southwest of this border are a few scattered granite boulders that are residual from the erosion of either the White River formation or a pre-Wisconsin till. The Tazewell drift border cannot be followed in southern North Dakota. The Mankato drift border can be traced in a general way from the South Dakota State line northwest across the Missouri River and through the middle of the Knife River area. The major land forms of southwestern North Dakota are: (1) high buttes that stand above (2) a gravel-capped planation surface and (3) a gently-rolling upland; below the upland surface are (4) remnants of a broad valley stage of erosion into which (5) modern valleys have been cut. The broad valley profiles of many streams continue east across the Missouri River trench and are part of a former drainage system that flowed into Hudson Bay. Crossing the divides are (6) large trenches, formed when the former northeast-flowing streams were dammed by the glacier and diverted to the southeast. The largest diversion valley is occupied by the Missouri River; another diversion system, now largely abandoned, extends from the Killdeer Mountains southwest to the mouth of Porcupine Creek in Sioux County. By analogy with South Dakota, most of the large diversion valleys are thought to have been cut in Illinoian time. Numerous diversion valleys of Illinoian to late Wisconsin age cut across the divides. Other Pleistocene land forms include ground and moraines, kames, and terraces. Land forms of Recent age include dunes, alluvial terraces, floodplains, and several types of landslide blocks. One type of landslide, called rockslide slump, has not previously been described. Drainage is well adjusted to the structure, most of the streams flowing down the axes of small synclines. The bedrock formations have been gently folded into small domes and synclines that interrupt a gentle northward regional dip into the Williston Basin. Three episodes of deformation affected southwestern North Dakota in Tertiary time: (1) intra-Paleocene, involving warping and minor faulting; (2) post-Eocene, involving uplift and tilting; (2) Oligocene, involving uplift and gentle folding. Mineral resources include ceramic clay, sand and gravel and lignite coal. The Knife River area is the largest lignite-producing district in the United States.

Benson, William Edward

1953-01-01

129

Development of historic and synthesized unregulated streamflow for the James River in North Dakota and South Dakota, 1983-91  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Operation of the Garrison Diversion Unit may have some affect on the hydrology of the James River in North Dakota and South Dakota. The Garrison Diversion Unit Monthly Operations Model was developed to analyze a wide range of streamflow conditions that could occur in the James River Basin. The purpose of this study was to compute monthly streamflows that are required as input to the model. Historic stream flow data were complied and record extension methods were used, when necessary, to compute monthly streamflow for 1983-91 for 15 gaging stations on the James River in North Dakota and South Dakota. The record extension methods used include Maintenance of Variance Extension Type 1, Ordinary Least Squares, and drainage-area ratio. In addition to the historic streamflow, synthesized unregulated streamflow was computed for the 15 gaging stations on the James River for 1983-91 by eliminating the effects of Jamestown Reservoir, Pipestem Reservoir, Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge, consumptive surface-water withdrawals, and wastewater withdrawals. Maintenance of Variance Extension Type 1, Ordinary Least Squares regression, water-balance procedures, and drainage-area ratio method were used to compute the unregulated streamflows.

Emerson, D.G.; Niehus, C.A.

1994-01-01

130

Simulated ground-water flow in the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers, Rosebud Indian Reservation Area, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers are important water resources in the Rosebud Indian Reservation area and are used extensively for irrigation, municipal, and domestic water supplies. Continued or increased withdrawals from the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers in the Rosebud Indian Reservation area have the potential to affect water levels in these aquifers. This report describes a conceptual model of ground-water flow in these aquifers and documents the development and calibration of a numerical model to simulate ground-water flow. Data for a twenty-year period (water years 1979 through 1998) were analyzed for the conceptual model and included in steady-state and transient numerical simulations of ground-water flow for the same 20-year period. A three-dimensional ground-water flow model, with two layers, was used to simulate ground-water flow in the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers. The upper layer represented the Ogallala aquifer, and the lower layer represented the Arikaree aquifer. The study area was divided into grid blocks 1,640 feet (500 meters) on a side, with 153 rows and 180 columns. Areal recharge to the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers occurs from precipitation on the outcrop areas. The recharge rate for the steady-state simulation was 3.3 inches per year for the Ogallala aquifer and 1.7 inches per year for the Arikaree aquifer for a total recharge rate of 266 cubic feet per second. Discharge from the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers occurs through evapotranspiration, discharge to streams, and well withdrawals. Discharge rates in cubic feet per second for the steady-state simulation were 184 for evapotranspiration, 46.8 and 19.7 for base flow to the Little White and Keya Paha Rivers, respectively, and 11.6 for well withdrawals from irrigation use. Estimated horizontal hydraulic conductivity used for the numerical model ranged from 0.2 to 120 feet per day in the Ogallala aquifer and 0.1 to 5.4 feet per day in the Arikaree aquifer. A uniform vertical hydraulic conductivity value of 6.6x10-4 feet per day was applied to the Ogallala aquifer. Vertical hydraulic conductivity was estimated for five zones in the Arikaree aquifer and ranged from 8.6x10-6 to 7.2x10-1 feet per day. Average rates of recharge, maximum evapotranspiration, and well withdrawals were included in the steady-state simulation, whereas the time-varying rates were included in the transient simulation. Model calibration was accomplished by varying parameters within plausible ranges to produce the best fit between simulated and observed hydraulic heads and base-flow discharges from the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers. For the steady-state simulation, the root mean square error for simulated hydraulic heads for all wells was 26.8 feet. Simulated hydraulic heads were within ?50 feet of observed values for 95 percent of the wells. For the transient simulation, the difference between the simulated and observed means for hydrographs was within ?40 feet for all observation wells. The potentiometric surfaces of the two aquifers calculated by the steady-state simulation established initial conditions for the transient simulation. A sensitivity analysis was used to examine the response of the calibrated steady-state model to changes in model parameters including horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivity, evapotranspiration, recharge, and riverbed conductance. The model was most sensitive to recharge and horizontal hydraulic conductivity.

Long, Andrew J.; Putnam, Larry D.; Carter, Janet M.

2003-01-01

131

NESTING AND BROOD-REARING SUCCESS AND RESOURCE SELECTION OF GREATER SAGE-GROUSE IN NORTHWESTERN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

of the following organizations: Bureau of Land Management (South Dakota, North Dakota, and Miles City, MT field, North Dakota Game and Fish Department, United States Geological Service EROS, and South Dakota State SOUTH DAKOTA BY NICHOLAS W. KACZOR A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements

132

76 FR 64096 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 9 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-10-17

133

76 FR 36559 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 3 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-06-22

134

76 FR 50748 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 6 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-08-16

135

76 FR 34241 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-06-13

136

76 FR 54478 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 7 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-09-01

137

76 FR 47221 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 5 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-08-04

138

76 FR 36558 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 2 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-06-22

139

76 FR 56212 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 8 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1984-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] South Dakota; Amendment...major disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1984-DR), dated May 13, 2011, and related determinations....

2011-09-12

140

75 FR 51110 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota AGENCY: Bureau of Land...action and to request a public meeting. DATES: Comments and requests for a public meeting must be received...5th Street, Custer, South Dakota 57730, or the...

2010-08-18

141

75 FR 51833 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002] South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1887-DR), dated March...97.036, Disaster Grants--Public Assistance (Presidentially...

2010-08-23

142

75 FR 442 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal Extension and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota AGENCY: Bureau of Land...extend the duration of Public Land Order (PLO) No...will be available for public review at the BLM Montana...5th Street, Custer, South Dakota 57730, during...

2010-01-05

143

75 FR 18523 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1886-DR), dated March...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota is hereby amended to include the...March 9, 2010. Brule County for Public Assistance. The following...

2010-04-12

144

75 FR 51834 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 4 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002] South Dakota; Amendment No. 4 to Notice of...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1915-DR), dated May...97.036, Disaster Grants--Public Assistance (Presidentially...

2010-08-23

145

75 FR 30416 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1915-DR), dated May...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota is hereby amended to include the...May 13, 2010. Moody County for Public Assistance. (The following...

2010-06-01

146

75 FR 37822 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 2 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002] South Dakota; Amendment No. 2 to Notice of...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1915-DR), dated May...97.036, Disaster Grants--Public Assistance (Presidentially...

2010-06-30

147

75 FR 39560 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 3 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1915-DR), dated May...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota is hereby amended to include the...Lake, and Tripp Counties for Public Assistance. The following...

2010-07-09

148

75 FR 55346 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota AGENCY: Bureau of Land...action and to request a public meeting. DATES: Comments and requests for a public meeting must be received...5th Street, Custer, South Dakota 57730 or the BLM...

2010-09-10

149

75 FR 51835 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002] South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1914-DR), dated May...97.036, Disaster Grants--Public Assistance (Presidentially...

2010-08-23

150

78 FR 54905 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-4137-DR), dated August...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota is hereby amended to include the...August 2, 2013. Spink County for Public Assistance. The following...

2013-09-06

151

75 FR 7029 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings...Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee...that a meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee...state. Members of the public are entitled to...

2010-02-16

152

75 FR 51835 - South Dakota; Amendment No. 2 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002] South Dakota; Amendment No. 2 to Notice of...disaster declaration for the State of South Dakota (FEMA-1886-DR), dated March...97.036, Disaster Grants--Public Assistance (Presidentially...

2010-08-23

153

40 CFR 272.2101 - South Dakota State-Administered Program: Final Authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...are available from the South Dakota Legislative Research Council, 3rd Floor, State Capitol, 500 East Capitol Avenue, Pierre, SD 57501, (Phone: 605-773-3251). (i) The Binder entitled “EPA Approved South Dakota Regulatory Requirements...

2011-07-01

154

40 CFR 282.91 - South Dakota State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Attorney General of South Dakota to EPA, June 17, 1992, though not...Memorandum of Agreement between EPA Region VIII and the South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources, signed by the EPA Regional Administrator on...

2010-07-01

155

40 CFR 272.2101 - South Dakota State-Administered Program: Final Authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HSWA standards for which South Dakota is not authorized until the...specific authorization from EPA. (5) Memorandum of Agreement...Memorandum of Agreement between EPA Region 8 and the State of South Dakota, signed by the State of...

2010-07-01

156

Dakota :  

SciTech Connect

The Dakota (Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terascale Applications) toolkit provides a exible and extensible interface between simulation codes and iterative analysis methods. Dakota contains algorithms for optimization with gradient and nongradient-based methods; uncertainty quanti cation with sampling, reliability, and stochastic expansion methods; parameter estimation with nonlinear least squares methods; and sensitivity/variance analysis with design of experiments and parameter study methods. These capabilities may be used on their own or as components within advanced strategies such as surrogate-based optimization, mixed integer nonlinear programming, or optimization under uncertainty. By employing object-oriented design to implement abstractions of the key components required for iterative systems analyses, the Dakota toolkit provides a exible and extensible problem-solving environment for design and performance analysis of computational models on high performance computers. This report serves as a theoretical manual for selected algorithms implemented within the Dakota software. It is not intended as a comprehensive theoretical treatment, since a number of existing texts cover general optimization theory, statistical analysis, and other introductory topics. Rather, this manual is intended to summarize a set of Dakota-related research publications in the areas of surrogate-based optimization, uncertainty quanti cation, and optimization under uncertainty that provide the foundation for many of Dakota's iterative analysis capabilities.

Adams, Brian M.; Ebeida, Mohamed Salah; Eldred, Michael S; Jakeman, John Davis; Swiler, Laura Painton; Stephens, John Adam; Vigil, Dena M.; Wildey, Timothy Michael; Bohnhoff, William J.; Eddy, John P.; Hu, Kenneth T.; Dalbey, Keith R.; Bauman, Lara E; Hough, Patricia Diane

2014-05-01

157

30 CFR 941.700 - South Dakota Federal program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are applicable to surface coal mining operations in South Dakota...been adopted under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act...regulations in this chapter. The full text of a rule is in the permanent...part apply to all surface coal mining operations in South...

2010-07-01

158

Temperature-Dependent Growth Models for South Dakota Yellow Perch, Perca  

E-print Network

Temperature-Dependent Growth Models for South Dakota Yellow Perch, Perca flavescens, Fingerling for juvenile yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchell), in eastern South Dakota. Age-0 yellow perch were held. Yellow perch production, temperature, growth, South Dakota, Perca flavescens INTRODUCTION The yellow

159

HABITAT SELECTION AND POPULATION ECOLOGY OF BOBCATS (LYNX RUFUS) IN SOUTH DAKOTA, USA  

E-print Network

HABITAT SELECTION AND POPULATION ECOLOGY OF BOBCATS (LYNX RUFUS) IN SOUTH DAKOTA, USA BY CORY E Abstract HABITAT SELECTION AND POPULATION ECOLOGY OF BOBCATS (LYNX RUFUS) IN SOUTH DAKOTA, USA Cory E. Mosby 2011 The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is native to much of the United States, including South Dakota where

160

78 FR 48136 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee...meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee...Courthouse, 425 North Dakota Avenue, 5th Floor...Members of the public are entitled to...Street, Suite 1380 South, Denver,...

2013-08-07

161

Initiation and evolution of the South Dakota tornado outbreak of 24 June 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outbreak that occurred in eastern South Dakota on 24 June 2003 provides an excellent opportunity for the study of tornadoes because they were significant in number, yet occurred in a small area over a short period of time. We performed a post-analysis of radar, computer model, and observational data pertinent to the outbreak to see what meteorological processes caused

Jay Trobec

2007-01-01

162

VARIATION IN SMALL MAMMAL RICHNESS AMONG ECOTYPES IN EASTERN SOUTH DAKOTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small mammal diversity and distribution was assessed for three ecotypes at Oakwood Lakes Game Production Area in eastern South Dakota. Ecotypes were an eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) stand, native grassland con- sisting mainly of big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii), Indian grass (Sorghas- trum nutans), and switchgrass (Panicium virgatum), and a cultivated corn (Zea mays) food plot. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus)

David F. Terrall; Nick G. Cochran; Jonathan A. Jenks

163

Application of LANDSAT digital data for monitoring drought. [South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technique utilizing transformed LANDSAT digital data for detection of agricultural vegetative water stress was developed during the 1976 South Dakota drought, and expanded to the U.S. Great Plains the following year to evaluate its effectiveness in detecting and monitoring vegetative stress water stress over large areas. This technique, the green index number (GIN), indicated when the vegetation within a segment was undergoing stress. Segments were classified as either moisture-stressed or normal using remote sensing techniques combined with a knowledge of crop condition. The remote sensing-based information was compared to a weekly ground-based index (the crop moisture index) provided by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce. The approaches used and the results from the GIN monitoring program are presented.

Thompson, D. R.; Wehmanen, O. A. (principal investigators)

1979-01-01

164

Virtual Journey into the Cretaceous Seas of South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers a virtual tour of the South Dakota Museum of Geology emphasizing the Cretaceous marine reptile collection. Numerous, high resolution photographs of mosasaurs, elasmosasaurs (plesiosaurs) and other marine fauna are presented with information and references relevant to each specimen. The tour features a 29 foot long mosasaur skeleton, a 4 foot long mosasaur skull, 10 cm long teeth, fossil mosasaur stomach contents as well as other marine fauna recovered from South Dakota. The fauna presented in this collection are good examples of the marine life that flourished in Cretaceous oceans.

Everhart Mike

165

Lightning fires in North Dakota grasslands and in pine-savanna lands of South Dakota and Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Lightning strike fires which occurred between 1940 and 1981 were studied in mixed-grass prairie grasslands and in pine-savanna lands in the Northern Great Plains region. A majority (73%) of ignitions occurred during July and August, while a lesser number was recorded in April, May, June, and September. The April-September period is also the average time of the freeze-free period and approximates the average distribution period for thunderstorm activity in this region. The area burned by each of 293 lightning fires (most of which were suppressed) ranged from 0.004-1158.3 ha (mean = 10.8 ha). The frequency of lightning fires in mixed-grass prairie grasslands averaged 6.0/yr per 10,000 km2 in eastern North Dakota, 22.4/yr per 10,000 km2 in southcentral North Dakota, 24.7/yr per 10,000 km2 in western North Dakota, and 91.7/yr per 10,000 km2 in pine-savanna lands in northwestern South Dakota and southeastern Montana. The ecological role of lightning-set fires is discussed relative to the development of resource research and management plans and to the interpretation of historical records of natural fire occurrence in the Northern Great Plains region.

Higgins, K.F.

1984-01-01

166

Evaluation of the procedure for separating barley from other spring small grains. [North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota and Montana  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The success of the Transition Year procedure to separate and label barley and the other small grains was assessed. It was decided that developers of the procedure would carry out the exercise in order to prevent compounding procedural problems with implementation problems. The evaluation proceeded by labeling the sping small grains first. The accuracy of this labeling was, on the average, somewhat better than that in the Transition Year operations. Other departures from the original procedure included a regionalization of the labeling process, the use of trend analysis, and the removal of time constraints from the actual processing. Segment selection, ground truth derivation, and data available for each segment in the analysis are discussed. Labeling accuracy is examined for North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Montana as well as for the entire four-state area. Errors are characterized.

Magness, E. R. (principal investigator)

1980-01-01

167

South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

to begin March 1 2010. As the livestock industry grows and develops in South Dakota, manure management, and industry through research, education, and service. To accomplish this mission, SDWRI provides leadership. Together with the state's largest industry, agriculture, it will play an important role in the economic

168

Changes in Walleye Food Habits Throughout Lake Oahe, South Dakota,  

E-print Network

stomach samples during the annual fish population survey conducted by the South Dakota Department of Game) and the stomach excised and pre- served in formalin. Stomach contents were flushed into a petri dish, and prey for each stomach. Samples were dried at 60°C for 24 hr in a drying oven. - Zooplanktonlengths weremeasured

169

South Dakota School Health Profiles. 2006 Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to assess the status of elementary health and health education in public schools throughout South Dakota during the 2005-2006 school year. The study was designed to provide current data collected from both elementary and secondary school principals and teachers regarding health and physical education curricula,…

South Dakota Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

170

South Dakota's Resource List for Children, Youth, and Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory lists contact information for educational programs, human services, and other resources for children, youth, and families in South Dakota. Sections cover adult basic education programs, alcohol and drug treatment facilities, career learning centers, clothing, community health nurses, community mental health centers, consumer credit…

South Dakota State Dept. of Education and Cultural Affairs, Pierre.

171

Research Article Dispersal of Yearling Pronghorns in Western South Dakota  

E-print Network

Research Article Dispersal of Yearling Pronghorns in Western South Dakota CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES,1, SD 57007, USA ABSTRACT We captured and radiocollared 57 pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) fawns ranges varied from 6.2­267.0 km. Winter home-range sizes for all individual pronghorns varied from 39

172

Research Article Survival of Pronghorns in Western South Dakota  

E-print Network

Research Article Survival of Pronghorns in Western South Dakota CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES,1 Department of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA ABSTRACT Survival and cause-specific mortality of pronghorns (Antilocapra months) and yearling (6­18 months) pronghorns and to determine monthly and summer (Jun­Aug) survival

173

Dispersal of Yearling Pronghorns in Western South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

We captured and radiocollared 57 pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) fawns in western South Dakota, USA, during May 2002-2003 and radiotracked them through 15 months of age, by which time all surviving individuals had established a permanent home range. We classified 56% (n ¼ 19) of fawns as dispersers and 44% (n ¼ 15) as residents. Eighty-four percent (n ¼ 16) of

CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES; JONATHAN A. JENKS

2007-01-01

174

South Dakota Board of Regents Fact Book: Fiscal Year 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public-sector higher education plays a critical role within the larger environment of higher education opportunity. Public universities are not the sole players in meeting necessary state outcomes, but they are by far the largest producers of higher education outcomes in South Dakota. This Fact Book, for Fiscal Year 2007, is the single best source…

South Dakota Board of Regents, 2007

2007-01-01

175

WHITE-TAILED DEER INFECTED WITH STAPHYLOCOCCUS HYICUS IN SOUTH DAKOTA --On 25 November 2002, the South Dakota Department of  

E-print Network

177 NOTES WHITE-TAILED DEER INFECTED WITH STAPHYLOCOCCUS HYICUS IN SOUTH DAKOTA -- On 25 November plate was positive (Table 1). Based on these results, Staphylococcus hyicus was identified with white-tailed deer. Staphylococcus hyicus causes exudative epidermitis, or greasy pig disease, in young

176

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Williston Basin Province of North Dakota, Montana, and South Dakota, 2008  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment method, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered volumes of 3.8 billion barrels of undiscovered oil, 3.7 trillion cubic feet of associated/dissolved natural gas, and 0.2 billion barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in the Williston Basin Province, North Dakota, Montana, and South Dakota.

Anna, Lawrence O.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Lewan, Michael D.; Lillis, Paul G.; Roberts, Laura N.R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.

2008-01-01

177

UPPER MIDWEST SIX-STATE EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION NETWORK SURVEY, IOWA, MINNESOTA, NEBRASKA, NORTH DAKOTA, SOUTH DAKOTA, WISCONSIN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DETERMINATION OF THE FEASIBILITY AND DESIRABILITY OF A SIX-STATE EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION NETWORK IN THE STATES OF IOWA, NEBRASKA, MINNESOTA, NORTH DAKOTA, SOUTH DAKOTA, AND WISCONSIN WAS CONDUCTED. IT WAS FOUND THAT A SIX-STATE, EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION NETWORK WAS POSSIBLE FROM A TECHNICAL VIEWPOINT. THE NETWORK WOULD USE ONLY EDUCATIONAL STATIONS…

SCHWARZWALDER, JOHN C.; AND OTHERS

178

Soil moisture variation patterns observed in Hand County, South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Soil moisture data were taken during 1976 (April, June, October), 1977 (April, May, June), and 1978 (May, June, July) Hand County, South Dakota as part of the ground truth used in NASA's aircraft experiments to study the use of microwave radiometers for the remote sensing of soil moisture. The spatial variability observed on the ground during each of the sampling events was studied. The data reported are the mean gravimetric soil moisture contained in three surface horizon depths: 0 to 2.5, 0 to 5 and 0 to 10 cm. The overall moisture levels ranged from extremely dry conditions in June 1976 to very wet in May 1978, with a relatively even distribution of values within that range. It is indicated that well drained sites have to be partitioned from imperfectly drained areas when attempting to characterize the general moisture profile throughout an area of varying soil and cover type conditions. It is also found that the variability in moisture content is greatest in the 0 to 2.5 cm measurements and decreases as the measurements are integrated over a greater depth. It is also determined that the sampling intensity of 10 measurements per km is adequate to estimate the mean moisture with an uncertainty of + or - 3 percent under average moisture conditions in areas of moderate to good drainage.

Jones, E. B.; Owe, M.; Schmugge, T. J. (principal investigators)

1981-01-01

179

National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Newcastle Quadrangle, Wyoming and South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Uranium resources of the Newcastle 1/sup 0/x2/sup 0/ Quadrangle, Wyoming and South Dakota were evaluated to a depth of 1500 m (5000 ft) using available surface and subsurface geologic information. Many of the uranium occurrences reported in the literature and in reports of the US Atomic Energy Commission were located, sampled and described. Areas of anomalous radioactivity, interpreted from an aerial radiometric survey, were outlined. Areas favorable for uranium deposits in the subsurface were evaluated using gamma-ray logs. Based on surface and subsurface data, two areas have been delineated which are underlain by rocks deemed favorable as hosts for uranium deposits. One of these is underlain by rocks that contain fluvial arkosic facies in the Wasatch and Fort Union Formations of Tertiary age; the other is underlain by rocks containing fluvial quartzose sandstone facies of the Inyan Kara Group of Early Cretaceous age. Unfavorable environments characterize all rock units of Tertiary age above the Wasatch Formation, all rock units of Cretaceous age above the Inyan Kara Group, and most rock units of Mesozoic and Paleozoic age below the Inyan Kara Group. Unfavorable environments characterize all rock units of Cretaceous age above the Inyan Kara Group, and all rock units of Mesozoic and Paleozoic age below the Inyan Kara Group.

Santos, E S; Robinson, K; Geer, K A; Blattspieler, J G

1982-09-01

180

Message from the Director, South Dakota Water Science Center Welcome to the South Dakota, USGS Water Science Center (SDWSC), Web Portal! This site is  

E-print Network

Project of the National Water Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA) for Volatile Organic Compounds hydrologic information to Federal, Tribal, State, and local agencies regarding water-supply availabilityMessage from the Director, South Dakota Water Science Center Welcome to the South Dakota, USGS

181

2009 Spring floods in North Dakota, western Minnesota, and northeastern South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2009, record-breaking snowfalls and additional spring moisture caused severe flooding in parts of the Missouri River and Red River of the North (Red River) Basins in North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota. There were 48 peak of record stages and 36 discharges recorded at U.S. Geological Survey streamgages located in both basins between March 20 and May 15, 2009. High water continued to affect many communities up and down the rivers' main stems and tributaries for nearly 2 months. Record snowfall for single-day totals, as well as monthly totals, occurred throughout the Missouri River and Red River of the North Basins. Additional moisture in the spring as well as the timing of warmer temperatures caused record flooding in many places in both basins with many locations reporting two flood crests. Ice jams on the Missouri River, located north and south of Bismarck, N. Dak., caused flooding. Southwest Bismarck was evacuated as rising waters first began inundating homes in low-lying areas along the river and then continued flowing into the city's lower south side. On March 24, 2009, the peak stage of the Missouri River at Bismarck, N. Dak. streamgage was 16.11 feet, which was the highest recorded stage since the completion of Garrison Dam in 1954. South of Bismarck, the Missouri River near Schmidt, N. Dak. streamgage recorded a peak stage of 24.24 feet on March 25, 2009, which surpassed the peak of record of 23.56 feet that occurred on December 9, 1976. While peak stage reached record levels at these streamgages, the discharge through the river at these locations did not reach record levels. The record high stages resulted from ice jams occurring on the Missouri River north and south of the cities of Bismarck and Mandan. At the Red River of the North at Fargo, N. Dak. streamgage, the Red River reached a record stage of 40.84 feet surpassing the previous peak of record stage of 39.72 feet set in 1997. The associated peak streamflow of 29,500 cubic feet per second exceeded the previous peak of record set in 1997 by 1,500 cubic feet per second. For the cities of Fargo, and Moorhead, Minn., and the surrounding area, the stage of the Red River remained above flood stage for nearly 2 months. In addition to high stage and flow on the main-stem Missouri and Red Rivers, peak of record stage and discharge were recorded at many U.S. Geological Survey streamgages in the Missouri River and Red River Basins. Several reservoirs and lakes in the region also experienced record stage elevations from the high flows during the 2009 spring snowmelt floods.

Macek-Rowland, Kathleen M.; Gross, Tara A.

2011-01-01

182

78 FR 48904 - United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota; Public Comment and Response on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Antitrust Division United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota...Final Judgment in United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota...STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. CHIROPRACTIC ASSOCIATES, LTD. OF SOUTH...

2013-08-12

183

Precambrian basement geology of North and South Dakota.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Combined analysis of drill-hole, gravity and magnetic data indicates that the Precambrian rocks in the basement of the Dakotas may be divided into a series of lithotectonic terrains. On the basis of an analysis of geological and geophysical data in the Dakotas and from the surrounding states and Canada, it is shown how the exposed Precambrian rocks of the adjacent shield areas project into the study area. Brief comments are made on the tectonic implications of this study. Geological and geophysical characteristics of 11 terrains are tabulated. -P.Br.

Klasner, J.S.; King, E.R.

1986-01-01

184

75 FR 48986 - Northwest Area Water Supply Project, North Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation Northwest Area Water Supply Project, North Dakota AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...SUMMARY: The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) is commencing...

2010-08-12

185

75 FR 49518 - Northwest Area Water Supply Project, North Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation Northwest Area Water Supply Project, North Dakota AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...SUMMARY: The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) is commencing...

2010-08-13

186

The Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mammoth Site of Hot Springs contains thousands of fossilized mammoths, and was discovered by chance in 1974 while excavating for a housing development in South Dakota. Their website offers visitors a 360-degree virtual tour of the unique museum that was built over the site of the now dry sinkhole, along with views of excavations that are still in progress. The "Paleontology" tab informs visitors not only about the woolly and Columbian mammoths that drowned in the sinkhole, but other animals as well. The "Mammoth Site Vertebrate List" link shows a slew of other animals, such as camels, shrub oxen, and the giant short-faced bear that lived throughout the Great Plains of South Dakota. A PDF of the 85 species of flora and fauna recovered at The Mammoth Site, as of January 2008, is also available in the same link. Visitors should also check out the "Research" tab to learn about current and ongoing research at the site.

187

Fish community persistence in Eastern North and South Dakota Rivers  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Over the past 25 years, the James River in North and South Dakota has experienced records in minimum and maximum discharge. Our objectives were to compare: (1) the fish community in the main river after dry (1988-90) and wet (1993-2000) years, and (2) the fish community of both the main river and tributaries between dry (1975) and wet (1998-2000) years. In South Dakota in the main river, there were 10 families and 29 species after several dry years and 11 families and 35 species after several wet years. Percichthyidae was the additional family after the wet years. Basinwide, there were 41 species present after the dry 1970s and 50 species after the wet 1990s. Overall, 93% of the species collected in 1975 have persisted. Our results provide some support for the flood pulse concept, and the findings suggest that the fish community can be useful for biomonitoring of prairie streams.

Shearer, J.S.; Berry, C.R., Jr.

2003-01-01

188

Canada thistle biological control agents on two South Dakota wildlife refuges  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We monitored populations of Canada thistle biocontrol agents Cassida rubiginosa, Ceutorhynchus litura, Larinus (= Hadroplantus) planus, Urophora cardui, Orellia (= Terellia) ruficauda, and Rhinocyllus conicus on Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) at two national wildlife refuges in South Dakota from 1999 through 2003. C. litura, U. cardui, O. ruficauda, and R. conicus were present on both refuges. Agent populations were low except for C. litura, which was present in up to 90% of stems in some plots. C. litura infestation did not reduce thistle flowering, stem length, or over-winter survival. There was no change in thistle stem numbers over the study period and no difference in stem numbers in areas of high C. litura populations compared to areas of low C. litura populations. Our results suggest that insect biological control agents are inadequate for reduction of Canada thistle in southern South Dakota.

Reed, C.C.; Larson, D.L.; Larson, J.L.

2006-01-01

189

Remote sensing applications to resource problems in South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The procedures used as well as the results obtained and conclusions derived are described for the following applications of remote sensing in South Dakota: (1) sage grouse management; (2) censusing Canada geese; (3) monitoring grasshopper infestation in rangeland; (4) detecting Dutch elm disease in an urban environment; (5) determining water usage from the Belle Fourche River; (6) resource management of the Lower James River; and (7) the National Model Implantation Program: Lake Herman watershed.

Myers, V. I. (principal investigator)

1981-01-01

190

Biotelemetry of White Crappies in a South Dakota Glacial Lake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrasonic telemetry was used to determine monthly and diel movements of white crappies Pomoxis annularis in a South Dakota glacial lake, Sonic transmitters were surgically implanted in 37 adult white crappies (265–327 mm, total length; 315–530 g) at intervals from 10 April through 22 September 1992. From 15 April to 15 October, 1,712 locations were recorded for 34 of these

Christopher S. Guy; David W. Willis; Jeffrey J. Jackson

1994-01-01

191

Full Interoperability for All South Dakota Public Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a South Dakota developed a statewide radio system that allows its more than 14,000 public safety officials (local, state, federal,\\u000a and tribal) to communicate with each other. The digital, trunked system permits voice and data transmission in a cost-effective\\u000a manner. The trunked feature ensures efficiency because the computer searches to find the first available channel rather than\\u000a dedicating a particular channel

M. Michael Rounds; Otto Doll

192

Availability of selected meteorological data in computer-based files of the U.S. Geological Survey, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Meteorological data were located, acquired, and stored from selected stations in Montana and North Dakota coal regions and adjacent areas including South Dakota and Wyoming. Data that were acquired have potential use in small watershed modeling studies. Emphasis was placed on acquiring data that was collected during the period 1970 to the present (1984). A map shows the location and type of stations selected. A narration summarizing conventions used in acquiring and storing the meteorological data is provided along with the various retrieval options available. Individual station descriptions are followed by tables listing the meteorological variables collected, period of obtained record, percentage of data recovery, and the instruments used and their description. (USGS)

Link, Brenda L.; Cary, L.E.

1986-01-01

193

Sediment accumulation and distribution in Lake Kampeska, Watertown, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Lake Kampeska is a natural lake of about 5,075 acres located within the city limits of Watertown, South Dakota. The lake is important as a water supply and recreational resource. Sediment accumulation has been a concern for many years, and several studies have been conducted to learn more about the sediment, including how fast it is accumulating. This study attempted to evaluate previously estimated sediment-accumulation rates and to describe the distribution of sediment in the lake. Analysis of cesium-137 concentrations in sediment cores and changes in lake-bottom elevation over time led to the conclusion that during about the last 50 years, the sediment has been accumulating at a rate on the order of 0.01 foot per year or less. Changes in lake-bottom elevation during this time period indicate that the only significant deposition occurred in the area near the connection of Lake Kampeska to the Big Sioux River. Direct physical measurements and marine seismic surveys indicate that the flat-bottom interior part of the lake has 10 feet or more of sediment over a relatively irregular subbottom.

Schaap, Bryan D.; Sando, Steven K.

2002-01-01

194

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Williston Basin Province of North Dakota, Montana, and South Dakota, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment method, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered volumes of 3.8 billion barrels of undiscovered oil, 3.7 trillion cubic feet of associated/dissolved natural gas, and 0.2 billion barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in the Williston Basin Province, North Dakota, Montana, and South Dakota. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a comprehensive oil and gas assessment of the Williston Basin, which encompasses more than 90 million acres in parts of North Dakota, eastern Montana, and northern South Dakota. The assessment is based on the geologic elements of each total petroleum system (TPS) defined in the province, including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock maturation, hydrocarbon generation, and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy and petrophysical properties), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). Using this geologic framework, the USGS defined 11 TPS and 19 Assessment Units (AU).

U.S. Geological Survey Williston Basin Province Assessment Team

2011-01-01

195

Influence of Angler Exploitation on Black Crappie Population Structure in a Rural South Dakota Impoundment  

E-print Network

· -' Influence of Angler Exploitation on Black Crappie Population Structure in a Rural South Dakota approximately 122 black crappies (Pornoxi5 njarornaculatus)/ha at 16-ha Murdo Lake. South Dakota. in 1992. Based on a mean length of 26.2 em lor harvested black crappies. anglers likely harvested 36.1 kg/ha. The following

196

South Dakota Arts Council: Long Range Plan. Fiscal Years 2006-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South Dakota Arts Council submitted this FY 2006 annual report to the Governor and Legislature. It presents the 530 grants that were awarded with funds from the State of South Dakota and the National Endowment for the Arts, a federal agency. Fiscal Year 2006 grant funds of $977,000 generated $12 million in local cash matching funds. These…

South Dakota Arts Council, 2007

2007-01-01

197

75 FR 65610 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...CIVIL RIGHTS Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee Notice is hereby...that a planning meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee to the...This meeting is available to the public through the following...

2010-10-26

198

75 FR 56052 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...CIVIL RIGHTS Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee Notice is hereby...that a planning meeting of the South Dakota Advisory Committee to the...conference call is available to the public through the following...

2010-09-15

199

77 FR 30024 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal Extension and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Opportunity for Public Meeting; South Dakota AGENCY: Bureau of Land...extend the duration of Public Land Order (PLO) No...will be available for public review at the USDA Forest...5th Street, Custer, South Dakota 57730, and the...

2012-05-21

200

FACTORS INFLUENCING A DECLINING PRONGHORN POPULATION IN WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

FACTORS INFLUENCING A DECLINING PRONGHORN POPULATION IN WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH DAKOTA Wildlife Science South Dakota State University 2004 #12;FACTORS INFLUENCING A DECLINING PRONGHORN aspects of this study. I thank all of those who volunteered their time during pronghorn capture. A special

201

Lithium isotopic systematics of granites and pegmatites from the Black Hills, South Dakota  

E-print Network

Lithium isotopic systematics of granites and pegmatites from the Black Hills, South Dakota Fang during granite differentiation and late- stage pegmatite evolution, Li isotopic compositions pegmatite and possible metasedimentary source rocks in the Black Hills, South Dakota, USA. The Harney Peak

Rudnick, Roberta L.

202

ELECTROPHORETIC, MORPHOMETRIC, AND MERISTIC COMPARISONS OF WALLEYE BROODSTOCK IN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

Mississippi River stock was electrophoretically compared to the South Dakota stocks. Allele frequencies of two and Mississippi River walleyes. contingency chi-square tests of allele frequencies showed homogeneity among values produced separate branchings for the South Dakota and Mississippi River walleyes. All four walleye

203

FORAGE FISH POPULATIONS AND GROWTH OF MUSKELLUNGE IN A SOUTH DAKOTA POWER PLANT COOLING RESERVOIR  

E-print Network

(Lepomis macrochirus) in Big Stone Power Plant cooling reservoir, South Dakota, and other power plant) of bluegills (Lepomis macrochirus), Big Stone Power Plant cooling reservoir, South Dakota, 1979. · · · · · · · · · . · · · · · 18 8. Back-calculated growth increments (mm) of bluegills (Lepomis macrochirus), Big Stone Power

204

77 FR 47302 - South Dakota: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...comment from the South Dakota State Deputy Attorney...ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a...in hard copy at: EPA Region 8, from 8 a.m...address: lin.moye@epa.gov, or SDDENR...Capitol, Pierre, South Dakota 57501,...

2012-08-08

205

First-Year Growth and Survival of Largemouth Bass Fingerlings Stocked into Western South Dakota Ponds  

E-print Network

First-Year Growth and Survival of Largemouth Bass Fingerlings Stocked into Western South Dakota Completion Report No. 1 South Dakota State University August 2009 507-F #12;2 Introduction Largemouth bass-250 largemouth bass fingerlings (4-8 cm) per hectare (50-100 per acre). Due to the slow growth of largemouth bass

206

This article was downloaded by: [South Dakota State University] On: 02 May 2014, At: 14:18  

E-print Network

://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tjfe20 Size and Age at Maturity of Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) in Southeastern South Dakota) Size and Age at Maturity of Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) in Southeastern South Dakota Impoundments of Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) in Southeastern South Dakota Impoundments Nick R. Petersona, Justin A. Van

207

50 CFR 32.61 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Huron Wetland Management District A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on Waterfowl Production Areas...refuge for any purpose at any time. B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow upland game hunting...

2014-10-01

208

50 CFR 32.61 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Huron Wetland Management District A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on Waterfowl Production Areas...refuge for any purpose at any time. B. Upland Game Hunting . We allow upland game hunting...

2013-10-01

209

50 CFR 32.61 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Huron Wetland Management District A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on Waterfowl Production Areas...refuge for any purpose at any time. B. Upland Game Hunting . We allow upland game hunting...

2012-10-01

210

Aftermath of 2007 Hermosa Flood, South Dakota  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

These homes in the Hermosa, SD, area were moved from their foundations during the August 17, 2007, flood. A system of severe thunderstorms on August 17, 2007, caused heavy precipitation and flash flooding in and near Hermosa, SD....

211

Aftermath of 2007 Hermosa Flood, South Dakota  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Water standing in low-lying areas on the flood plain of Battle Creek on August 19, 2007. A system of severe thunderstorms on August 17, 2007, caused heavy precipitation and flash flooding in and near Hermosa, SD....

212

Aftermath of 2007 Hermosa Flood, South Dakota  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

A system of severe thunderstorms on August 17, 2007, caused heavy precipitation and flash flooding in and near Hermosa, SD. Low-lying areas in the southern and southeaster parts of Hermosa were inundated by flooding along Battle Creek....

213

50 CFR 32.61 - South Dakota.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Huron Wetland Management District A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on Waterfowl Production Areas...refuge for any purpose at any time. B. Upland Game Hunting . We allow upland game hunting...

2010-10-01

214

Aftermath of 2007 Hermosa Flood, South Dakota  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Standing water in the Hermosa area on August 19, 2007. More than 10 inches of rain in 3 hours were reported during the system of severe thunderstorms on August 17, 2007, that caused flash flooding in and near Hermosa, SD....

215

Water resources data, South Dakota, water year 2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-resources data for the 2003 water year for South Dakota consists of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes and reservoirs; precipitation; and water levels in wells. This report contains discharge records for 123 streamflow-gaging stations; stage and contents records for 10 lakes and reservoirs, stage for 15 streams and 3 lakes; water-quality records for 5 streamflow-gaging stations, 2 daily sediment stations, 3 wells, 11 ungaged stream sites, 2 lakes, 1 sewage lagoon, and 1 precipitation site; water levels for 6 wells; daily precipitation records at 4 sites; and 74 partial-record crest-stage gage sites. Additional water data were collected at various sites, not part of the systematic data-collection program, and are published as miscellaneous measurements and analyses. These data represent that part of the National Water Data System operated by the U.S. Geological Survey and cooperating State and Federal agencies in South Dakota.

Burr, Michael J.; Teller, Ralph W.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.

2004-01-01

216

Water resources data, South Dakota, water year 2004  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-resources data for the 2004 water year for South Dakota consists of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes and reservoirs; precipitation; and water levels in wells. This report contains discharge records for 122 streamflow-gaging stations; stage and contents records for 10 lakes and reservoirs, stage for 13 streams and 3 lakes; water-quality records for 8 streamflow-gaging stations, 2 daily sediment stations, 3 wells, 14 ungaged stream sites, 2 lakes, 1 sewage lagoon, and 1 precipitation site; water levels for 8 wells; daily precipitation records at 4 sites; and 81 partial-record crest-stage gage sites. Additional water data were collected at various sites, not part of the systematic data-collection program, and are published as miscellaneous measurements and analyses. These data represent that part of the National Water Data System operated by the U.S. Geological Survey and cooperating State and Federal agencies in South Dakota.

Burr, Michael J.; Teller, Ralph W.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.

2005-01-01

217

Water resources data, South Dakota, water year 2002  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-resources data for the 2002 water year for South Dakota consists of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes and reservoirs; precipitation; and water levels in wells. This report contains discharge records for 127 streamflow-gaging stations; stage and contents records for 10 lakes and reservoirs, stage for 14 streams and 3 lakes; water-quality records for 6 streamflow-gaging stations, 2 daily sediment stations, 3 wells, 10 ungaged stream sites, 6 lakes, 1 sewage lagoon, and 1 precipitation site; water levels for 7 wells; daily precipitation records at 4 sites; and 74 partial-record crest-stage gage sites. Additional water data were collected at various sites, not part of the systematic data-collection program, and are published as miscellaneous measurements and analyses. These data represent that part of the National Water Data System operated by the U.S. Geological Survey and cooperating State and Federal agencies in South Dakota.

Burr, Michael J.; Teller, Ralph W.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.

2003-01-01

218

South Dakota timber industry: An assessment of timber product output and use, 1993. Forest Service resource bulletin  

SciTech Connect

Reports findings of a survey of all primary wood-using mills in South Dakota in 1993 and compares those findings with earlier surveys. Reports production and receipts of industrial roundwood by product, species, and county. Also reports the quantity, type, and disposition of wood and bark residues generated by South Dakota`s primary wood-using industry.

Hackett, R.L.; Sowers, R.A.

1996-10-04

219

Distribution of Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota: clarifying the epidemiology of bluetongue disease in the northern Great Plains region of the United States.  

PubMed

The presence or absence of the biting midge Culicoides sonorensis Wirth & Jones (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), a primary vector of bluetongue viruses (genus Orbivirus, family Reoviridae, BTV) in North America, was assessed on ranches and farms across the Northern Great Plains region of the United States, specifically Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota, as part of a 2-yr regional study of BTV exposure among cattle. Blacklight/suction trap samples totaling 280 2-night intervals were taken at 140 aquatic sites (potential larval habitat for C. sonorensis) on 82 livestock operations (ranches and farms) that span a south-to-north gradient of expected decreasing risk for exposure to BTV. In Nebraska, C. sonorensis populations were common and widespread, present at 15 of 18 operations. Of 32 operations sampled in South Dakota, seven of which were sampled in successive years, 18 were positive for C. sonorensis; 13 of 14 operations located west of the Missouri River were positive, whereas 13 of 18 operations east of the river were negative. Of 32 operations sampled in North Dakota, seven of which were sampled both years, 12 were positive for C. sonorensis. Six of eight operations located west and south of the Missouri River in North Dakota were positive, whereas 18 of 24 operations east and north of the river were negative for C. sonorensis. These data illustrate a well-defined pattern of C. sonorensis spatial distribution, with populations consistently present across Nebraska, western South Dakota, and western North Dakota; western South Dakota, and North Dakota encompass the Northwestern Plains Ecoregion where soils are nonglaciated and evaporation exceeds precipitation. In contrast, C. sonorensis populations were largely absent east of the Missouri River in South Dakota and North Dakota; this area comprises the Northwestern Glaciated Plains Ecoregion and Northern Glaciated Plains Ecoregion where surface soils reflect Wisconsinan glaciation and precipitation exceeds evaporation. In defining a well-demarcated pattern of population presence or absence on a regional scale, the data suggest that biogeographic factors regulate the distribution of C. sonorensis and in turn BTV exposure. These factors, ostensibly climate and soil type as they affect the suitability of larval habitat, may explain the absence of C. sonorensis, hence limited risk for exposure to BTV, across the eastern Northern Plains, upper Midwest, and possibly Northeast, regions of the United States. PMID:21661325

Schmidtmann, E T; Herrero, M V; Green, A L; Dargatz, D A; Rodriquez, J M; Walton, T E

2011-05-01

220

Airborne gamma-ray spectrometer and magnetometer survey, Mitchell Quadrangle, South Dakota. Final report  

SciTech Connect

An airborne high sensitivity gamma-ray spectrometer and magnetometer survey was conducted over eleven (11) 2/sup 0/ x 1/sup 0/ NTMS quadrangles located in the states of Minnesota and Wisconsin and seven (7) 2/sup 0/ x 1/sup 0/ NTMS quadrangles in North and South Dakota. The quadrangles located within the North and South Dakota survey area include Devil's Lake, New Rockford, Jamestown, Aberdeen, Huron, Mitchell, and Sioux Falls. This report discusses the results obtained over the Mitchell map area. The purpose of this program is to acquire and compile geologic and other information with which to assess the magnitude and distribution of uranium resources and to determine areas favorable for the occurrence of uranium in the United States. Traverse lines were flown in an east-west direction at a line spacing of six (6) miles. Tie lines were flown north-south approximately twenty-four (24) miles apart. A total of 21,481 line miles of geophysical data were acquired, compiled, and interpreted during the survey, of which 1479 line miles are in this quadrangle.

Not Available

1981-04-01

221

Airborne gamma-ray spectrometer and magnetometer survey: Huron quadrangle, South Dakota. Final report  

SciTech Connect

An airborne high sensitivity gamma-ray spectrometer and magnetometer survey was conducted over eleven (11) 2/sup 0/ x 1/sup 0/ NTMS quadrangles located in the states of Minnesota and Wisconsin and seven (7) 2/sup 0/ x 1/sup 0/ NTMS quadrangles in North and South Dakota. The quadrangles located within the North and South Dakota survey area include Devil's Lake, New Rockford, Jamestown, Aberdeen, Huron, Mitchell, and Sioux Falls. This report discusses the results obtained over the Huron map area. Traverse lines were flown in an east-west direction at a line spacing of six (6) miles. Tie lines were flown north-south approximately twenty-four (24) miles apart. A total of 21,481 line miles of geophysical data were acquired, compiled, and interpreted during the survey, of which 1459 line miles are in this quadrangle. The purpose of this study is to acquire and compile geologic and other information with which to assess the magnitude and distribution of uranium resources and to determine areas favorable for the occurrence of uranium in the United States.

Not Available

1981-04-01

222

South Dakota State University / College of Agriculture & Biological Sciences / USDA Dairy Science  

E-print Network

. 2011 Dairy Science 3 pages Past reports make reference to advantages offered by states or regions when Dakota and neighboring states for dairy production. South Dakota currently ranks 14th nationally in per are feed costs, labor, bedding, energy use, cow health, etc. Other costs not in- cluded are the opportunity

223

FIRST REPORT OF CHARCOAL ROT (MACROPHOMINA PHASEOLINA) ON SUNFLOWER IN NORTH AND SOUTH DAKOTA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In September, 1998 symptoms suggestive of charcoal rot were observed on oilseed sunflower plants in western North Dakota (ND) and western South Dakota (SD). Symptoms, first observed on plants approaching physiological maturity, consisted of silver-gray lesions girdling the stem at the soil line, p...

224

RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HERD-LEVEL BLUETONGUE VIRUS EXPOSURE OF CATTLE IN NEBRASKA, NORTH DAKOTA, AND SOUTH DAKOTA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The distribution of the biting midge, Culicoides sonorensis, the major vector (carrier) of bluetongue viruses, was determined across the multi-state region of Nebraska, South, and North Dakota. This study was part of a larger study of bluetongue disease in cattle. Bluetongue disease is important b...

225

An occurrence of autunite, Lawrence County, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In July 1952 an occurrence of autunite was found in the northern part of the Black Hills, South Dakota, during a reconnaissance for radioactive deposits. The autunite occurs as fracture coatings and disseminations in siltstone of the Deadwood formation of Cambrian age and is concentrated mainly in the lower 2 feet of the siltstone at the contact with an intrusive rhyolite porphyry; the radioactive zone is exposed in two old workings, which are 90 feet apart. An 18-inch vertical channel sample of the autanite-bearing siltstene contained 0. 048 percent uranium. The gangue minerals are fluorite and limonite. The uranium is believed to have been introduced into the siltstone by solutions of magmatic origin that migrated along the lower contact of the siltstone after or during emplacement of the porphyry'

Vickers, Rollin C.

1953-01-01

226

Small Wind Electric Systems: A South Dakota Consumer's Guide  

SciTech Connect

Small Wind Electric Systems: A South Dakota Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and economics. Topics include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a list of contacts for more information.

Not Available

2007-04-01

227

Insecticide residues in big game mammals of South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An analysis was made of eight insecticide residues in the renal fat tissue of 23 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), 13 mule deer (O. hemionus), 9 pronghorns (Antilocapra americana), and 2 elk (Cervus canadensis) collected in South Dakota during the fall of 1964. Identification and quantitative analysis of the insecticide residues were accomplished by thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography. Eighty-five percent of the samples had residues of DDT with an average of 0.13 ppm. DDD residues were found in 11 percent of the samples, DDE in 38 percent, dieldrin in 38 percent, and lindane in 15 percent, with an average of 0.07, 0.04, 0.03, and 0.04 ppm, respectively. Heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide, and aldrin were not detected in concentrations above the limits of the experiment set by the investigators.

Greenwood, R.J.; Greichus, Y.A.; Hugghins, E.J.

1967-01-01

228

South Dakota State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management  

SciTech Connect

The South Dakota State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in South Dakota. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in South Dakota. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in South Dakota.

Not Available

1981-10-01

229

Yellow Perch in South Dakota: Population Variability and Predicted Effects of Creel Limit Reductions and  

E-print Network

Perca flavescens in six South Dakota lakes over 4­5 years. We also simulated the effects of reductions Lepomis macrochirus, crappies Pomoxis spp., and yellow perch Perca flavescens) have primarily focused

230

Emergence of larval yellow perch, Perca flavescens, in South Dakota lakes: potential implications for  

E-print Network

Emergence of larval yellow perch, Perca flavescens, in South Dakota lakes: potential implications and hatch dates were described for larval yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchill), captured in surface, otoliths, Perca flavescens, yellow perch. Introduction Yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchill), support

231

An assessment of yellow perch, Perca flavescens, stocking contributions in eastern South Dakota  

E-print Network

An assessment of yellow perch, Perca flavescens, stocking contributions in eastern South Dakota, USA Abstract The success and value of yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchill), stocking programmes, oxytetracycline, stocking, yellow perch. Introduction Panfish [yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchill), crappies

232

HEPATIC MINERALS OF WHITE-TAILED AND MULE DEER IN THE SOUTHERN BLACK HILLS, SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

concentrations from sympatric white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus, Odocoileus virginianus, reproduction, South Dakota, white-tailed deer. INTRODUCTION Limited information status, and species. Key words: Black Hills, elements, fire, liver, mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus

233

Status of Exotic and Previously Common Native Coccinellids (Coleoptera) in South Dakota Landscapes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In the last two decades, three previously common coccinellids (Adalia bipunctata (L.), Coccinella transversoguttata richardsoni Brown, and Coccinella novemnotata Herbst) have declined in abundance in South Dakota, while two invasive species (Coccinella septempunctata (L.) and Harmonia axyridis (Pall...

234

Faculty Attitudes Toward Merit Pay in South Dakota's Public Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study that examined faculty attitudes toward the merit bonus plan administered in South Dakota's public colleges and universities is discussed. Results indicate limited support for the merit pay concept. (MLW)

Ehli, Gerald J.

1986-01-01

235

ALUMNI FROM SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES AND TECHNOLOGY WORKING AT LEWIS FLIGHT PROPULSION LABORATOR  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ALUMNI FROM SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES AND TECHNOLOGY WORKING AT LEWIS FLIGHT PROPULSION LABORATORY LFPL - LEFT TO RIGHT - CHARLES GRESSLIN - LESTER CORRINGTON - BERTRAM A MULCAHY - FRANZ L LAGERWELL

1956-01-01

236

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 85 (2006) 247 RECENT RANGE EXTENSIONS,  

E-print Network

kansae. The sand shiner, Notropis stramineus, is traditionally separated into two subspecies: eastern in South Dakota: silver chub, Macrhybopsis storeriana, Topeka shiner, Notropis topeka, northern redbelly, Notropis percobromus, western blacknose dace, Rhinichthys obtusus, and northern plains killifish, Fundulus

2006-01-01

237

75 FR 69436 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of South Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Shirley (8P-W-DW), U.S. EPA, Region 8, 1595 Wynkoop Street, Denver...following locations: (1) U.S. EPA, Region 8, Drinking Water Program, 1595...CO 80202-1129, (2) South Dakota Department of Environmental &...

2010-11-12

238

Advanced Largemouth Bass Production and Stock Contribution to Small South Dakota Impoundment Fisheries  

E-print Network

Advanced Largemouth Bass Production and Stock Contribution to Small South Dakota Impoundment thanks to Blue Dog State Fish Hatchery for providing the largemouth bass fingerlings used Committee proposal 06E009. #12;v Abstract Advanced Largemouth Bass Production and Stock

239

Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian conodont zones in Montana, Wyoming, and South Dakota  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS May 23. 1966 Paper 3 UPPER DEVONIAN AND LOWER MISSISSIPPIAN CONODONT ZONES IN MONTANA, WYOMING, AND SOUTH DAKOTA By GILBERT KLAPPER Formerly Department of Geology, The University of Kansas..., and Department of Geology, The University of Iowa ABSTRACT.—Three conodont zones, one Upper Devonian and two Lower Mississippian, have been recognized on a regional basis in Montana, Wyoming, and South Dakota. The Lower Sputhognathodus costatus Zone (Upper...

Klapper, G.

1966-05-23

240

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Pilot Site Profile - Sanford USD Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota  

Cancer.gov

The Sanford USD Medical Center is the largest tertiary hospital in South Dakota with nearly 500 beds. It serves as the primary teaching institution for the Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota. The Medical Center serves as a regional institution, with half of its patients coming from outside the immediate Sioux Falls community. The Sanford Cancer Center is the region's largest, treating more than 1,278 new patients in 2005.

241

Continuing Development of a Collaborative Plan to Further Engage South Dakota in NASA's Earth Science Enterprise  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ongoing set of research planning activities have occurred in South Dakota as a consequence of the past two years of NASA-EPSCoR Preparation Grants. During this time a group of approximately 60 scientists, engineers, and university administrators in South Dakota have been directly involved as "theme team" members in a series of five all-day meetings to identify the research and technological priorities that are consistent both with NASA-ESE's interests and the State's expertise. Institutions represented within the group's membership include: South Dakota School of Mines & Technology, South Dakota State University, Augustana College, University of South Dakota, USGS EROS Data Center, Si ranks College, Santa Gleska University, Sisseton Wahpeton Community College, USGS Water Resources Division, US National Weather Service, and the SD Department of Environment & Natural Resources. Many of these organizations are also members and affiliates of the SD Space Grant Consortium. The evolving plan has been guided by the following desirable actions: 1. To establish new contacts and strengthen existing linkages with NASA Centers, relevant NASA researchers, and key personnel at the USGS EROS Data Center. 2. To promote participation from the State's major research institutions, State agencies, and relevant businesses in South Dakota that are interested in strengthening our scientific and technological enterprises. 3. To develop the State's scientific talent and infrastructure for enhanced competitiveness in research, development, and technology-based economic development. 4. To encourage greater participation by under represented groups, especially Native Americans, in scientific education and research. 5. To build greater public and political support in South Dakota for the overall science, engineering, and technology enterprise. 6. To communicate the benefits of current and future NASA programs to the progress and development of South Dakota, the Northern Great Plains Region, and the Nation.

Farwell, Sherry O.; DeTroye, Diane (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

242

Comparison of Normalized Burn Ratio, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, and Enhanced Vegetation Index in Areas Burned by the Jasper Wildfire of Black Hills South Dakota  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Jasper wildfire of August and September 2000 was the largest fire to occur in the Black Hills in at least a century. The disturbance on ecosystem characteristics will be widespread and long-term. Monitoring postfire vegetation changes using remote sensing data can provide unique and timely information about ecosystem dynamics. In this study, the Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) data were derived from Landsat imagery and compared before and after the Jasper fire. Landsat 5 images acquired on June 2, 2000 (preburn), and June 5, 2001 (10 months postburn), were analyzed. In addition, a Landsat 7 image acquired on May 31, 2002 (22 months postburn), was used in the study. Landsat data were converted to at-sensor reflectance, and NBR, NDVI, and EVI values were calculated for low, moderate, and high burn severity areas defined by using the difference of NBR between 2001 and 2000. NBR values in areas characterized as low burn severity changed very little between 2001 and 2002. Meanwhile, areas characterized as moderate or high severity showed substantial increases in NBR values between 2001 and 2002, implying some ecosystem recovery occurring for these areas over a relatively short time. EVI and NDVI show similar patterns of change, but it was found that EVI and NBR indices are more sensitive than is NDVI for capturing vegetation cover changes during the early postfire years. Further research is planned to use Landsat and MODIS imagery to assess spectral trends as a function of time in areas affected by fire.

Chen, X.; Zhu, Z.

2007-12-01

243

Geographic Variability in Geocoding Success for West Nile Virus Cases in South Dakota  

PubMed Central

Background Geocoding, the process of assigning each case a set of coordinates that closely approximates its true location, is an important component of spatial epidemiological studies. The failure to accurately geocode cases adversely affects the validity and strength of conclusions drawn from the analysis. We investigated whether there were differences among geographic locations and demographic classes in the ability to successfully geocode West Nile virus (WNV) cases in South Dakota. We successfully geocoded 1,354 cases (80.8%) to their street address locations and assigned all 1,676 cases to ZIP code tabulation areas (ZCTAs). Using spatial scan statistics, significant clusters of non-geocoded cases were identified in central and western South Dakota. Geocoding success rates were lower in areas of low population density and on Indian reservations than in other portions of the state. Geocoding success rates were lower for Native Americans than for other races. Spatial epidemiological studies should consider the potential biases that may result from excluding non-geocoded cases, particularly in rural portions of the Great Plains that contain large Native American populations. PMID:19577505

Wey, Christine L.; Griesse, Jennifer; Kightlinger, Lon; Wimberly, Michael C.

2009-01-01

244

Evaluation of Largemouth Bass Slot Length Limits in South Dakota Waters  

E-print Network

IY5~p: SOUTH DAKOTA ----.--) o o ~o Evaluation of Largemouth Bass Slot Length Limits in South 67601.3182 Completion Report No. 93-13 #12;Evaluation of Largemouth Bass Slot Length Limits in South A largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides slot length limit of 300-380 mm was imposed in 1989 on Murdo Lake

245

Use of remote sensing technology for inventorying and planning utilization of land resources in South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A project was undertaken in Meade County, South Dakota to provide (1) a general county-wide resource survey of land use and soils and (2) a detailed survey of land use for the environmentally sensitive area adjacent to the Black Hills. Imagery from LANDSAT-1 was visually interpreted to provide land use information and a general soils map. A detailed land use map for the Black Hills area was interpreted from RB-57 photographs and interpretations of soil characteristics were input into a computer data base and mapped. The detailed land use data were then used in conjunction with soil maps to provide information for the development of zoning ordinance maps and other land use planning in the Black Hills area. The use of photographs as base maps was also demonstrated. In addition, the use of airborne thermography to locate spoilage areas in sugar beet piles and to determine the apparent temperature of rooftops was evaluated.

1975-01-01

246

Comparing geotechnical to geologic estimates for past overburden in the Pierre-Hayes, South Dakota area: an argument for in-situ pressuremeter determination ( USA).  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A knowledge of past overburden thickness is useful for designing underground structures such as waste repositories. This study attempts to determine if a correlation can be made between a geologic estimate and two types of geotechnical calculations of past overburden thickness. In the Pierre-Hayes area, Late Cretaceous Pierre Shales is the only bedrock present, but clasts of the Miocene Ogallala Formation were found in the Pleistocene deposits, suggesting that rocks of the Ogallala Formation once covered this area. Based on the geologic estimate, the Ogallala surface was 1100 ft higher than the present surface. Of the two types of geotechnical data acquired for the Hayes site, the laboratory overconsolidation ratios indicate a past overburden thickness value of 2300 ft, whereas the in situ pressuremeter overconsolidation ratios indicate 1318 ft. We, therefore, believe that in situ determination is a better indicator of past overburden that the laboratory results. However, why the two test results differ to this degree is unknown at present.-from Authors

Collins, D.S.; Nichols, T.C., Jr.

1987-01-01

247

Distribution (presence / absence) of Culicoides Sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Clarifying the Epidemiology of Bluetongue Disease in the North-Central United States  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The presence or absence of the biting midge, Culicoides sonorensis, a primary vector of bluetongue viruses (BTV) in North America, was assessed on ranches and farms across the north-central region of the United States (U.S.), specifically the states of Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota, as pa...

248

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 84 (2005) 109 ABUNDANCE AND DIVERSITY OF SMALL  

E-print Network

the western harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys megalotis), were significantly greater in the exotic plots than (Reithrodontomys megalotis) responded negatively to the same activity. In eastern South Dakota, habitat alteration

249

Geoneutrino production of the northern Black Hills, South Dakota, United States of America  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current neutrino observatories operate underground to isolate the detector from cosmic rays and background radiation. However, background radiation from local sources has yet to be accounted for. Current models for neutrino contributions from terrestrial rocks are formulated from bulk compositional estimates of the whole Earth. To better understand local background radiation from geologic sources surfaces rocks were collected throughout the area surrounding the Homestake Mine, South Dakota, home of the Sanford Underground Research Laboratory. The surface rocks were analyzed for radioactivity and neutrino luminosity, producing heat maps indicating the levels of neutrino production throughout the area. The area around the Homestake Mine was found to be more luminous then upper crustal averages generated from current bulk silicate Earth models.

Zimny, Eric Gerald

250

Hydrogeology of the vicinity of Homestake mine, South Dakota, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The former Homestake mine in South Dakota (USA) cuts fractured metamorphic rock over a region several km2 in plan, and plunges to the SE to a depth of 2.4 km. Numerical simulations of the development and dewatering of the mine workings are based on idealizing the mine-workings system as two overlapping continua, one representing the open drifts and the other representing the host rock with hydrologic properties that vary with effective stress. Equating macroscopic hydrologic properties with characteristics of deformable fractures allows the number of parameters to be reduced, and it provides a physically based justification for changes in properties with depth. The simulations explain important observations, including the co-existence of shallow and deep flow systems, the total dewatering flow rate, the spatial distribution of in-flow, and the magnitude of porosity in the mine workings. The analysis indicates that a deep flow system induced by ~125 years of mining is contained within a surface-truncated ellipsoid roughly 8 km by 4 km in plan view and 5.5 km deep with its long-axis aligned to the strike of the workings. Groundwater flow into the southern side of the workings is characterized by short travel times from the ground surface, whereas flow into the northern side and at depth consists of old water removed from storage.

Murdoch, Larry C.; Germanovich, Leonid N.; Wang, Herb; Onstott, T. C.; Elsworth, Derek; Stetler, Larry; Boutt, David

2012-02-01

251

Geology of the Williston basin, North Dakota, Montana, and South Dakota, with reference to subsurface disposal of radioactive wastes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The southern Williston basin, which underlies about 110,000 square miles #n North Dakota, South Dakota, and eastern Montana, is part of a large structural and sedimentary basin. Its surface is a flat to gently rolling plain, standing about 1,500 to 3,500 feet above sea level and locally studded by a few high buttes. The sedimentary sequence that fills the basin has a maximum thickness of about 16,700 feet and rests on Precambrian metamorphic rocks at depths of 500 to 13,900 feet below sea level. It contains rocks of every geologic system, from Cambrian to Quaternary. Rocks of Middle Cambrian through Middle Ordovician age are largely shale and sandstone, as much as 1,200 feet thick; rocks of Late Ordovician through Pennsylvanian age are largely limestone and dolomite, as much as 7,500 feet thick; and rocks of Permian through Tertiary age are predominantly shale and siltstone, as much as 8,000 feet thick. Pleistocene glacial drift mantles the northern and eastern parts of the area. Rocks of the Williston basin are gently folded and regional dips are 1? or less from the margins to the basin center. Dips on the flanks of the major anticlinal folds, the Nesson and cedar Creek anticlines and the Poplar and Bowdoin domes, generally are about 1? to 3? except on the steep west limb of the Cedar Creek anticline. The basin was shaped by Laramide orogeny during latest Cretaceous and early Tertiary time. Most of the present structural features, however, were initiated during the Precambrian and reactivated by several subsequent orogenies, of which the latest was the Laramide. The most important mineral resource of the area is oil, which is produced predominantly from the Paleozoic carbonate sequence and largely on three of the major anticlinal folds, and lignite, which is present near the surface in Paleocene rocks. The subsurface disposal of radioactive wastes at some places in the Williston basin appears to be geographically and geologically feasible. Many sites, at which large quantities of wastes might be injected with minimal danger of contamination of fresh-water aquifers and-oil-producing strata, are available.. The strata and types of reservoirs that deserve primary consideration for waste disposal are the Winnipeg Formation of Middle Ordovician age as a deep salaquifer, the Permian to Jurassic salt beds as moderately deep-units in which solution cavities might be created for storage, the thick Upper Cretaceous shale beds as shallow hydraulically fractured shale reservoirs, and the Newcastle Sandstone of Early Cretaceous age as a shallow shale-enclosed sandstone reservoir.

Sandberg, C.A.

1962-01-01

252

Historic and unregulated monthly streamflow for selected sites in the Red River of the North basin in North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota, 1931-99  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Operation of the Garrison Diversion Unit in North Dakota may have various effects on the quantity and quality of streamflow in the Sheyenne River and the Red River of the North. To model the effects that the Garrison Diversion Unit could have on water quality, gaged and estimated historic streamflow data and estimated unregulated streamflow data were compiled to develop a complete monthly streamflow record for January 1931 through September 1999 (the data-development period) for 35 sites in the Red River of the North Basin in North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota.During the entire data-development period, gaged streamflow data were available for only 4 of the 35 sites, incomplete data of various length were available for 10 sites, and no data were available for 21 sites. Drainage- area ratio and Maintenance of Variance Extension Type 1 methods were used to estimate the historic streamflow for months when no data were available.Unregulated streamflow for the 35 sites was estimated by eliminating the hydrologic effects of Orwell Reservoir, Lake Traverse, Mud Lake, Lake Ashtabula, and surface-water withdrawals. Modeled flows at the Red River of the North at Wahpeton by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers were used to eliminate the effects of Orwell Reservoir, Lake Traverse, and Mud Lake, and water-balance procedures were used to eliminate the effects of Lake Ashtabula.

Emerson, Douglas G.; Dressler, Valerie M.

2002-01-01

253

FLIGHTLESS GIANT CANADA GOOSE DEPREDATION ABATEMENT AND DIGESTIBILITY OF SELECTED CROPS IN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

FLIGHTLESS GIANT CANADA GOOSE DEPREDATION ABATEMENT AND DIGESTIBILITY OF SELECTED CROPS IN SOUTH for the degree Master of Science South Dakota State University 1999 #12;ii FLIGHTLESS GIANT CANADA GOOSE of products or discrimination against products not mentioned. #12;Abstract FLIGHTLESS GIANT CANADA GOOSE

254

Grass hosts of cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) between wheat-cropping cycles in South Dakota  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Several grasses may serve as alternative hosts for cereal aphids during the interim between small-grain crops in South Dakota, but field studies to determine which grasses are important have not been undertaken. We sampled annual and perennial grasses for cereal aphids in 18 counties in South Dakot...

255

EVALUATION OF AERIAL TRANSECT SURVEYS, SURVIVAL, AND MOVEMENTS OF PRONGHORNS IN WESTERN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

EVALUATION OF AERIAL TRANSECT SURVEYS, SURVIVAL, AND MOVEMENTS OF PRONGHORNS IN WESTERN SOUTH;EVALUATION OF AERIAL TRANSECT SURVEYS, SURVIVAL, AND MOVEMENTS OF PRONGHORNS IN WESTERN SOUTH DAKOTA, and numerous other volunteers for their assistance during pronghorn captures. So many people contributed

256

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 82 (2003) 153 HATCHING DATES AND DAILY GROWTH  

E-print Network

GROWTH OF AGE-0 BLACK CRAPPIES IN PICKEREL LAKE, SOUTH DAKOTA Douglas W. Schultz, Daniel A. Isermann, SD 57007 ABSTRACT We assessed hatch dates and daily growth rates of age-0 black crappies Po- moxis nigromaculatus during 2001 and 2002 in Pickerel Lake, South Dakota. Hatching of black crappies in Pickerel Lake

257

ANALYSIS OF AERIAL SURVEYS AND TOLERANCE OF LANDOWNERS FOR A CANADA GOOSE FLOCK IN NORTHEASTERN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

ANALYSIS OF AERIAL SURVEYS AND TOLERANCE OF LANDOWNERS FOR A CANADA GOOSE FLOCK IN NORTHEASTERN AND TOLERANCE OF LANDOWNERS FOR A CANADA GOOSE FLOCK tN NORTHEASTERN SOUTH DAKOTA Abstract THOMAS C. TACHA Four the northeastern South Dakota Canada goose flock from 2,000 to 5,000 birds. Only 6 percent of the landowners had

258

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 90 (2011) An EVALUATIOn OF CLIMATE CHAnGE EFFECTS  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 90 (2011) An EVALUATIOn OF CLIMATE CHAnGE EFFECTS DURInG THE LAST 150 YEARS On THE SIzE OF nORTH AMERICAn DUCK EGGS J. R. DeJong* and K. F. Higgins Department of Natural Resource Management South Dakota State University Brookings, SD 57007 *Corresponding

2011-01-01

259

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 78 (1999) 79 SEASONAL FOOD HABITS OF BLUEGILLS  

E-print Network

the bluegill Lepomis macrochirus is a popular panfish species in South Dakota, little information has been- ly. No larger bluegills were collected in October. Keywords bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus, food habits, South Dakota INTRODUCTION The bluegill Lepomis macrochirus is a popular panfish often sought

260

75 FR 70021 - South Dakota Prairie Winds Project; Partial Term Relinquishment and Release of Easement for Wind...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...60138-1265-6CCP-S3] South Dakota Prairie Winds Project; Partial Term Relinquishment and Release of Easement for Wind Energy Development; Record of Decision...statement (FEIS) on the South Dakota Prairie Winds Project issued by the Department of...

2010-11-16

261

Advancing Postsecondary Opportunity, Completion, and Productivity: Essential Performance Indicators for South Dakota and Selected Peer States. 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report portrays various performance indicators that are intended to facilitate an assessment of the postsecondary education system in South Dakota. Descriptive statistics are presented for South Dakota and five other comparison states as well as the nation. Comparison states were selected according to the degree of similarity of population…

Midwestern Higher Education Compact, 2014

2014-01-01

262

Lifelong Education Needs for Providing Pastoral Care for Post-Traumatic Stress in South Dakota National Guard Soldiers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout many communities in South Dakota the members of the South Dakota National Guard have been activated to serve in many different parts of the world since 2001. Approximately 20% of these individuals returned to their homes with some degree of PTSD (Hoge, et al., 2004). Pastoral Care has changed since September 11, 2001. The purpose of…

Meirose, William J.

2010-01-01

263

BLANCHARD'S CRICKET FROG IN NEBRASKA AND SOUTH DAKOTA --Blanchard's cricket frog (Acris crepitans blanchardi) is a small warty anuran  

E-print Network

129 BLANCHARD'S CRICKET FROG IN NEBRASKA AND SOUTH DAKOTA -- Blanchard's cricket frog (Acris or series of splotches arranged along the cranial- caudal dorsal midline. The Blanchard's cricket frog can 1947). Other stripes and lines are not uncommon. In South Dakota the range of Blanchard's cricket frog

McCallum, Malcolm

264

Math and science technology access and use in South Dakota public schools grades three through five  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of K-12 technology standards, soon to be added to state testing of technology proficiency, and the increasing presence of computers in homes and classrooms reflects the growing importance of technology in current society. This study examined math and science teachers' responses on a survey of technology use in grades three through five in South Dakota. A researcher-developed survey instrument was used to collect data from a random sample of 100 public schools throughout the South Dakota. Forced choice and open-ended responses were recorded. Most teachers have access to computers, but they lack resources to purchase software for their content areas, especially in science areas. Three-fourths of teachers in this study reported multiple computers in their classrooms and 67% reported access to labs in other areas of the school building. These numbers are lower than the national average of 84% of teachers with computers in their classrooms and 95% with access to computers elsewhere in the building (USDOE, 2000). Almost eight out of 10 teachers noted time as a barrier to learning more about educational software. Additional barriers included lack of school funds (38%), access to relevant training (32%), personal funds (30%), and poor quality of training (7%). Teachers most often use math and science software as supplemental, with practice tutorials cited as another common use. The most common interest for software was math for both boys and girls. The second most common choice for boys was science and for girls, language arts. Teachers reported that there was no preference for either individual or group work on computers for girls or boys. Most teachers do not systematically evaluate software for gender preferences, but review software over subjectively.

Schwietert, Debra L.

265

PERSPECTIVES ON THE DIAGNOSIS, EPIZOOTIOLOGY, AND CONTROL OF THE 1973 DUCK PLAGUE EPIZOOTIC IN WILD WATERFOWL AT LAKE ANDES, SOUTH DAKOTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

An epizootic of duck plague occurred in early 1973 in a population of 163,500 wild waterfowl, primarily mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), wintering on Lake Andes and the nearby Missouri River in southeastern South Dakota (USA). The diagnosis was based on pathologic lesions and confirmed by virus isolation. Control measures included quarantine, attempts to re- duce virus contamination of the area, dispersal

Gary L. Pearson; Delmar R. Cassidy

266

Identification of soil associations in western South Dakota on ERTS-1 imagery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Soil association maps show the spatial relationships of land units having characteristic soil depths and textures, available water capacities, permeabilities, pH characteristics, plasticity indices, liquid limits, and the like, from which broad interpretations can be made such as how the soil is suited as a source for top soil, and as a source for sand and gravel, and how corrosive the soil is for steel and concrete, and what crop and grass yields can be expected. Film color composites of bands 4, 5 and 7 viewed over a light table with magnification show the soil associations of western South Dakota that are now recognized, and, in addition, several new soil association areas have been brought to light.

Westin, F. C.; Myers, V. I.

1973-01-01

267

Summit-Watertown transmission line project, South Dakota. Final Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Western Area Power Administration (Western) needs to rebuild the existing Summit-Watertown 115-kV transmission line, located in northeastern South Dakota, and western Minnesota. Nearly 60 percent of the existing facility was replaced in 1965 after severe ice-loading broke structures and wires. Because of the extensive loss of the line, surplus poles had to be used to replace the damaged H-frame structures. These were of varying sizes, causing improper structure loading. Additionally, the conductors and overhead shield wires have been spliced in numerous places. This provides additional space on these wires for icing and wind resistance, which in turn create problems for reliability. Finally, a progressive fungal condition has weakened the poles and, along with the improper loading, has created an unsafe condition for maintenance personnel and the general public.

Not Available

1993-12-01

268

Analysis of flood-flow frequency, flow duration, and channel-forming flow for the James River in South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The James River, which originates in North Dakota and joins the Missouri River near Yankton, South Dakota, is about 747 miles long, with about 474 river miles located in South Dakota. The James River basin includes 21,116 sq mi, with 14,428 sq mi located in South Dakota. Bankfull capacity of the James River in South Dakota ranges from a minimum of about 200 cu ft/sec near the mouth. Discharges that produce bankfull conditions on much of the river in South Dakota occur on an average of once in about 2 years. The 10-year flood flows, which range from 1,620 cu ft/sec (at the gage near Stratford) to 8,870 cu ft/sec (at the gage near Scotland), cause major flooding on most of the river in South Dakota. The river also has potential for extending periods of low or zero flow, especially in the northern portion within South Dakota. Generally, low flows occur from late summer until spring snowmelt. The James River at Columbia had zero flow for 623 consecutive days from July 13, 1958, through March 26, 1960. The channel pattern (channel alignment) has changed little since 1922. This channel stability indicates that channel formation is approaching a state of equilibrium. It does not appear that velocities in the river are sufficient to carry the sediment being delivered by the tributaries. (Author 's abstract)

Benson, R.D.

1988-01-01

269

Assessment of undiscovered oil resources in the Bakken and Three Forks Formations, Williston Basin Province, Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota, 2013  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered volumes of 7.4 billion barrels of oil, 6.7 trillion cubic feet of associated/dissolved natural gas, and 0.53 billion barrels of natural gas liquids in the Bakken and Three Forks Formations in the Williston Basin Province of Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Marra, Kristen R.; Cook, Troy A.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Gautier, Donald L.; Higley, Debra K.; Klett, Timothy R.; Lewan, Michael D.; Lillis, Paul G.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Whidden, Katherine J.

2013-01-01

270

Digital map of hydraulic conductivity for the High Plains Aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This digital data set consists of hydraulic conductivity contours and polygons for the High Plains aquifer in the central United States. The High Plains aquifer extends from south of 32 degrees to almost 45 degrees north latitude and from 96 degrees 30 minutes to almost 104 degrees west longitude. The area covers 174,000 square miles and is present in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Kansas, Colorado, Nebraska, Wyoming, and South Dakota.

Cederstrand, J.R.; Becker, M.F.

1998-01-01

271

NONTARGET BIRD EXPOSURE TO DRC1339 DURING FALL IN NORTH DAKOTA AND SPRING IN SOUTH DAKOTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blackbirds frequently use ripening sunflower ( Helianthus annuus) as a food source in the northern Great Plains. In 1999 and 2000, the avicide DRC-1339 (3-chloro-4-methylaniline hydrochloride) was used experimentally on fall-ripening sunflower fields in North Dakota so researchers could evaluate its effectiveness for reducing crop depredations by blackbirds. DRC-1339 was applied to rice and broadcast on the ground in a

THOMAS W. CUSTER; Upper Midwest; CHRISTINE M. CUSTER; PAUL M. DUMMER; GEORGE M. LINZ; LOUIS SILEO; RANDAL S. STAHL; JOHN J. JOHNSTON

272

South Dakota Department of Education Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. Amended with Approval  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook, submitted by the South Dakota Department of Education to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

273

Weather Modification and Public Opinion in South Dakota, 1972 and 1973  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public response to South Dakota's operational cloud seeding program (SDWMP) has been traced since before its implementation. Data are presented from interviews conducted at the end of each of the program's first two operational seasons. Variables included are respondent 1) attitudes toward weather modification, 2) beliefs that it is effective in increasing precipitation and suppressing hail, 3) sources of information

Barbara C. Farhar

1975-01-01

274

Black Hills State University Research and Scholarly Work Symposium Proceedings (Spearfish, South Dakota, May 2, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contains papers from a symposium conducted to promote the professional sharing of scholarly accomplishments of Black Hills State University (South Dakota) faculty and students. The symposium also provided a forum for discussion of current issues related to the presentations. The papers, representing a variety of disciplines, are…

Anagnopoulos, Cheryl, Ed.; Ochse, Roger, Ed.; Wolff, Roger, Ed.

275

South Dakota Arts Council Long Range Plan FY 2006-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents South Dakota Arts Council Long Range Plan for Fiscal Years 2006-2008 in terms of how it intends to achieve six goals. These goals are: (1) Enhance quality of life and economic development through the arts; (2) Promote public awareness and support of the arts; (3) Advance the arts as essential to education and life-long…

South Dakota Arts Council, 2006

2006-01-01

276

An Annotated and Updated Species List of the Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of South Dakota  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

An updated list of 79 species of Coccinellidae for South Dakota is presented. The list represents a net increase in the state coccinellid fauna from a previously published list of 66 species and subspecific taxa, and it also includes nomenclatural updates. Thirteen species have been added to the l...

277

Effects of Triploid Grass Carp on Aquatic Vegetation in Two South Dakota Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Triploid grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) were stocked at a mean length of 229 mm (total length) into two small South Dakota lakes in 1985. Chara sp. was the predominant aquatic macrophyte in both lakes. Prior Lake contained a fish community in which the largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) was the only top-level predator. An introduction of 49 grass carp per hectare

Daryl L. Bauer; David W. Willis

1990-01-01

278

USGS Outreach at South Dakota School of Mines Field Affair Class  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Technician, Louis Leader Charge, demonstrates collection of stream discharge data to the Field Affair class from the South Dakota School of Mines on June 19, 2012. The demonstration is at Rapid Creek in Rapid City, SD (streamgage 06414000)....

279

MICROHABITATS OF MERRIAM'S TURKEYS IN THE BLACK HILLS, SOUTH DAKOTA 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Merriam's Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo merriami) are associated with pon- derosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) forests in the western United States, but are not native to the ponderosa pine forest of the Black Hills, South Dakota. The Black Hills population was established by transplanting birds from New Mexico and Colorado between 1948 and 195 1. Despite being outside its original range, this

MARK A. R UMBLE; STANLEY H. A NDERSON

280

Emergence of larval yellow perch, Perca flavescens , in South Dakota lakes: potential implications for recruitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temporal patterns in length frequency distributions and hatch dates were described for larval yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchill), captured in surface ichthyoplankton trawls from late April to mid-June 2000 to 2002 in six South Dakota, USA lakes. Fewer than 15 larval yellow perch were collected in four of six lakes during 2002, suggesting that in some cases factors prior to,

D. A. ISERMANN; D. W. WILLIS

2008-01-01

281

Reading, Writing, 'Rithmetic and Recitation in Western South Dakota. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As revealed in personal interviews, periodicals, published and unpublished manuscripts, and school records, the teachers were the key factor in bringing education and culture to the frontier that was western South Dakota. Many teachers were girls of 16 or 17, inexperienced, hired from states to the east (Minnesota and Iowa), sight unseen.…

Hatton, Caroline

282

INDIAN EDUCATION, STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA, JOHNSON O'MALLEY PROGRAM, FISCAL 1966. ANNUAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS DOCUMENT PRESENTS THE FISCAL REPORT AND INFORMATION RELATED TO SOUTH DAKOTA'S PARTICIPATION IN THE JOHNSON O'MALLEY PROGRAM, 1966. CHARTS RELATING THE FINANCIAL BREAKDOWN OF EXPENDITURES, INCOME, ENROLLMENT, AVERAGE DAILY ATTENDANCE, AND THE NUMBER OF 8TH GRADE AND 12TH GRADE GRADUATES OF THE FORTY-THREE SCHOOL DISTRICTS ARE PRESENTED. COSTS…

WADE, JON C.

283

Early Pleistocene zapodid rodents from the Java Local Fauna of north-central South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zapodid rodents are described from the early Pleistocene Java Local Fauna, Walworth County, South Dakota. The fauna includes a new species of Zapus related to the extinct Z. sandersi. The fossil record of Zapus is briefly reviewed, and the Ms of Z. rinkeri and an undescribed species from the Wendell Fox Pasture Local Fauna are illustrated for the first time.

Robert A. Martin

1989-01-01

284

Population Characteristics of Black Crappies in South Dakota Waters: A Case for Ecosystem-Specific Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

We sampled 22 populations of black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus from three ecosystem types (large impoundments, >40 ha; small impoundments, <40 ha; natural lakes) to determine the factors that influence population characteristics (recruitment, growth, size structure, and condition) in South Dakota. Recruitment variability was best correlated with the logio of the shoreline development index (r = 0.63, df = 16) and

CHRISTOPHER S. GUY; DAVID W. WILLIS

1995-01-01

285

Arsenic and uranium transport in sediments near abandoned uranium mines in Harding County, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sediment samples were analyzed as part of ongoing environmental investigations of historical U mining impacts within Custer National Forest in Harding County, South Dakota. Correlations between As and U content, grain size and soil mineralogy were determined to identify contaminant fate and transport mechanisms. Soil samples collected near the mining source zone and up to 61km downgradient of the minesites

Gregory G. Kipp; James J. Stone; Larry D. Stetler

2009-01-01

286

Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis of Archaea and Bacteria in Wind Cave, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diversity of bacteria and archaea was characterized from sediments collected from Wind Cave located in Wind Cave National Park in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Wind Cave is a limestone dissolution cave with strata that started forming over 300 million years ago, making it one of the oldest in the world. Previous work suggested that the cave was

Marisa K. Chelius; John C. Moore

2004-01-01

287

Perceptions of South Dakota Public School Superintendents and Board Presidents Regarding Collaboration Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No single relationship in a school district has a greater impact on successful education than that between the school board and superintendent (Kowalski, 2006). The purpose of this study was to examine and compare perceptions of South Dakota public school superintendents and board presidents regarding collaboration practices for communicating…

Plumb, Elizabeth C.

2011-01-01

288

An Evaluation of Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Mortality in South Dakota Casey Walter Schoenebeck  

E-print Network

An Evaluation of Yellow Perch Perca flavescens Mortality in South Dakota By Casey Walter Aid Project F-15-R, Study 1504). #12;iv Abstract An Evaluation of Yellow Perch Perca flavescens, and mortality) of common yellow perch Perca flavescens population types have been previously investigated

289

South Dakota 1996 KIDS COUNT Factbook: Key Indicators of Child Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT statistical report is the fourth to examine trends in children's and adolescents' well-being in South Dakota using indicators of health, education, social, and economic well-being, along with information on family income, household relationships, population, and AFDC/food stamp usage for each county. The information is organized in…

Kids Count--South Dakota, Vermillion.

290

Organic Matter and Water Stability of Field Aggregates Affected by Tillage in South Dakota  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Increased tillage intensity has been associated with declines in soil organic matter (SOM). A case study was conducted (2001-2004) on adjacent farms (both in a two-year crop rotation) in eastern South Dakota to quantify tillage effects on components of SOM and soil aggregate stability. One farm used...

291

South Dakota State Plan: Education of Homeless Children and Youth. Implementation Date: July 1, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Dakota's state plan for the education of homeless children and youth is presented in compliance with provisions of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987. The plan is comprised of eight sections. The first section provides a program narrative and presents the following homeless needs as determined by two State surveys: (1)…

South Dakota State Dept. of Education and Cultural Affairs, Pierre.

292

Black Bullhead Growth in South Dakota Waters: Limnological and Community Influences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth was determined for 35 black bullhead (Ameiurus melas) populations in eastern South Dakota lakes. Black bullhead growth was highly variable among populations. Average mean lengths at ages 1–6 for all populations were 101, 155, 203, 232, 262, and 289 mm, respectively. Few populations contained fish older than age 6. Growth was negatively associated with black bullhead abundance, and positively

Patrick A. Hanchin; David W. Willis; Matthew J. Hubers

2002-01-01

293

Physicochemical and Biological Influences on Black Bullhead Populations in Eastern South Dakota Glacial Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lake and fish survey data (1991–1992) were compiled for 23 eastern South Dakota natural lakes to provide a basis for preliminary investigation of black bullhead (Ameiurus melas) populations. Survey data contained numerous physical and chemical variables describing lake environments and relative abundance and sue structure of the primary fish species present. Analyses indicated that abundance of black bullheads increased with

Michael L. Brown; David W. Willis; Brian G. Blackwell

1999-01-01

294

USGS Outreach at South Dakota School of Mines Field Affair Class  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologist, Janet Carter, demonstrates an interactive groundwater-flow model to the Field Affair class at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology on June 19, 2012, in Rapid City, SD. The model can be used to show how a contaminant can travel through an aquifer to a pu...

295

78 FR 77644 - Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota; Thunder Basin National Grassland, Wyoming; Teckla...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota...impact statement (EIS) on a proposal by Black Hills Power (BHP) to construct and operate...miles long. It would cross portions of the Black Hills National Forest and private...

2013-12-24

296

ABUNDANCE OF COCCINELLIDS (COLEOPTERA) IN FIELD-CROP AND GRASS HABITATS IN EASTERN SOUTH DAKOTA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A rich fauna of coccinellids occurs in eastern South Dakota, but the abundance of some species has declined in association with the establishment of an exotic lady beetle, Coccinella septempunctata, in the mid-1980s. In this study, coccinellids were sampled within field-crop and grass-plot habitats...

297

Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates. South Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National and regional trends mask important variation among states in the supply of high school graduates. This profile provides brief indicators for South Dakota related to: current levels of educational attainment, projections of high school graduates into the future, and two common barriers to student access and success--insufficient academic…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

2013-01-01

298

THE TRANSITION FROM MARKET VALUATION TO INCOME VALUATION: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL SHIFT ANALYSES FOR SOUTH DAKOTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural land in South Dakota has traditionally been valued for property tax purposes by the market approach. Since this valuation approach relies upon comparable sales data, property values imitate trends in the agricultural land market. Interest in changing the state's market valuation approach to an income valuation approach surfaced in the late 1970's and resurfaced in the late 1990's amidst

Richard Shane; Tonya Hansen; Larry Janssen; Donald Peterson

2003-01-01

299

Caloric Densities of Three Predatory Fishes and Their Prey in Lake Oahe, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

We determined mean seasonal caloric density of walleye Stizostedion vitreum, chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tschawytscha, rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and ten species of prey fish from Lake Oahe, South Dakota. Age 3 and older walleye, chinook salmon, and rainbow trout showed distinct seasonal patterns in mean caloric density during May through September, 1994. Energy content of these fish was lowest during

Scott D. Bryan; Craig A. Soupir; Walter G. Duffy; Chris E. Freiburger

1996-01-01

300

South Dakota School Principals' Preferred Leadership Styles for Leading Change to Face Poverty and Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative research study identified perceptions regarding leadership styles of a sample of high school, middle school, and elementary school principals serving in South Dakota public and tribal/BIE (Bureau of Indian Education) schools in 2011. From 152 public school districts and 20 tribal/BIE schools, a sample of 148 school principals was…

Soka, John Alex

2011-01-01

301

Access to Quality. A Planning Document for South Dakota's Public Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning document for South Dakota's public universities emphasizes that the primary mission of the state's colleges and universities is to utilize available resources to provide an environment that supports students in their intellectual, cultural, and ethical development and affirms the State Board's commitment to diverse campus communities…

South Dakota Board of Regents, Pierre.

302

The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2009 State Snapshot Report. South Dakota. Grade 12, Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2009 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This paper presents the results for South Dakota's student achievement in mathematics.…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2010

2010-01-01

303

South Dakota Public and Private Colleges and Universities: Fall 1995 Enrollment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents data on enrollment at South Dakota's public and private colleges and universities at the close of the second week of the 1995 Fall term. The 97 tables and three graphs present data by headcount and full-time equivalent enrollment. The first 33 tables present data on state supported public university enrollment and private…

South Dakota Board of Regents, Pierre.

304

The Nation's Report Card Reading 2009 State Snapshot Report. South Dakota. Grade 12, Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2009 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for South Dakota's student achievement in reading. In…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2010

2010-01-01

305

South Dakota Public and Private Colleges and Universities: Fall 1994 Enrollment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents data on enrollment at South Dakota's public and private colleges and universities at the close of the second week of the 1994 Fall Term. The 90 tables and two graphs present data by headcount and full-time equivalent enrollment. The first 32 tables present data on state supported public university enrollment and private…

South Dakota Board of Regents, Pierre.

306

A Distance Education Approach to Continuing Legal Education in South Dakota Using Public Television Overnight Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South Dakota Public Television Overnight Service was created to utilize the late night and early morning hours for the distribution of instructional, informational, cultural, and educational television programming throughout the state, including continuing legal education. Intended to provide a means for members of the legal profession in…

Hodgen, Doris

307

Influence of ecologic factors on prevalence of meningeal worm (parelaphostrongylus tenuis) infection in South dakota, USA.  

PubMed

The meningeal worm (Parelaphostrongylus tenuis) is a nematode parasite that commonly infects white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus; WTD) throughout the deciduous forest biome and deciduous-coniferous ecotone of eastern and central North America; the species is not known to occur west of the grassland biome of central North America. We used county-specific prevalence data to evaluate potential effects of landscape and climatologic factors on the spatial distribution of meningeal worm infection in South Dakota, US. Probability of infection increased 4-fold between eastern and western South Dakota and 1.3-fold for each 1-cm increase in summer precipitation. Sixty-three percent of WTD had only a single worm in the cranium. Expansion of meningeal worm infection across western South Dakota may be inherently low due to the combined effects of arid climate and potential attributes of the Missouri River that limit regional movements by infected WTD. Use of landscape genetic analyses to identify potential relationships between landscape features and population genetic structure of infected deer and parasites may contribute to a greater understanding of regional heterogeneity in meningeal worm infection rates across South Dakota, particularly in counties adjacent to the Missouri River. Future research evaluating heterogeneity in prevalence and intensity of infection between fawn and yearling deer, and the potential role of yearling male deer as dispersal agents of meningeal worms across the Missouri River, also is warranted. PMID:25588013

Jacques, Christopher N; Jenks, Jonathan A; Grovenburg, Troy W; Klaver, Robert W; Dubay, Shelli A

2015-04-01

308

Evaluating Diet Composition of Pronghorn in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) was reintroduced into Wind Cave National Park (WCNP), South Dakota, in 1914, and thus, has inhabited the Park for nearly a century. During the 1990's, a decline in the population raised concern for the continued existence of pronghorn inside WCNP; an investigation into the observed decline was initiated. Primary objectives of our study were to evaluate

CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES; JARET D. SIEVERS

309

WOOD DUCK BROOD MOVEMENTS AND HABITAT USE ON PRAIRIE RIVERS IN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

the intermittent Maple River had emergent vegetation along the river channel. Movements between nest sites. ducklings. habitat selection. prairie rivers. South Dakota. waterfowl. wood ducks. \\Vood duck brood rivers and associated wetland hahitats. Wood duck broods t)"pically leave the nest site ~24 hr after

310

Relationships among Selected Variables in the South Dakota All-State Band Auditions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the data from the 1992-97 South Dakota all-state band auditions. Focuses on the effects of school enrollment, distance to audition site, sex of auditionees, and the type of instrument. Presents the results of the study in detail. Includes references. (CMK)

Lien, Joelle L.; Humphreys, Jere T.

2001-01-01

311

South Dakota Governor Pushes for Underground Lab as Homestake Water Rises  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NSF officials say approval of a science laboratory in the Homestake mine can come only after a multistep review process that takes ``many months to many years.'' But a determined Republican governor and South Dakota's congressional delegation may bring politics to the science.

Dawson, Jim

2003-08-01

312

Brown Trout Seasonal Movement Patterns and Habitat Use in an Urbanized South Dakota Stream  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-six brown trout Salmo trutta were implanted with transmitters in an urbanized portion of Rapid Creek within the city limits of Rapid City, South Dakota, to determine habitat use and seasonal movement behavior by radiotelemetry. Fish locations were determined twice weekly during daylight hours from September 2000 to September 2001 by triangulating the signal from shore. During the year-long tracking

Daniel A. James; Jack W. Erickson; Bruce A. Barton

2007-01-01

313

Optimizing habitat location for black-tailed prairie dogs in southwestern South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

A spatial optimization model was formulated and used to maximize black-tailed prairie dog populations in the Badlands National Park and the Buffalo Gap National Grassland in South Dakota. The choice variables involved the strategic placement of limited additional protected habitat. Population dynamics were captured in formulations that reflected exponential population growth combined with the recalcitrant dispersal behavior of this social

John Hof; Michael Bevers; Daniel W. Uresk; Gregory L. Schenbeck

2002-01-01

314

STATUS OF MARBLED GODWITS IN SOUTH DAKOTA: BASED ON A 2007 LITERATURE SYNTHESIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current status of the marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa) population in South Dakota is of primary concern to natural resource managers because the two main habitats this species needs, native rangelands and wetlands, are being converted to other land uses at a rapid rate. We synthesized over 250 references to generate a comprehensive review on the occurrence and ecology of

Dawn M. Gardner; Kent C. Jensen; Kenneth F. Higgins

2008-01-01

315

75 FR 81187 - South Dakota: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...homepage at http://www.epa.gov/epahome/dockets...gov or in hard copy at: EPA Region 8, from 8 a.m. to 4...312-6231, or the South Dakota Department of Environment...Hazardous Waste Program, EPA Region 8, 1595 Wynkoop...

2010-12-27

316

Spatial Distribution and Areawide Management of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte in South Dakota  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Diabrotica v. virgifera is an economically important pest of maize in the U.S. Corn Belt. The areawide management program was conducted from 1997 – 2001 in five states. The location in South Dakota encompassed 41.4 km2 and was dominated by corn and soybean fields. An IPM approach was used to suppres...

317

Analysis and evaluation of round hay bale breakwaters at Lake Sharpe, South Dakota  

E-print Network

Lake Sharpe in central South Dakota is one of three reservoirs constructed along the Missouri River by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the 50's and 60's. The Lake is underlain by Cretaceous Pierre shale and various Quaternary glacial deposits...

Grundy, Thomas Paxson

1993-01-01

318

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 87 (2008) 141 STATUS OF WESTERN WILLETS IN SOUTH DAKO-  

E-print Network

. The majority of life history data collected incidentally to spatially limited waterfowl nesting studies indi- cated grazed grasslands provided essential nesting habitat in north-central South Dakota. The most vital which include nesting, feeding, and brood rearing habitats. Nests are simple scrapes lined with grass

2008-01-01

319

75 FR 30850 - Final Supplementary Rules for Camping on Undeveloped Public Lands in Montana, North Dakota, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Camping on Undeveloped Public Lands in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota AGENCY...undeveloped public lands managed by the BLM in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota. These...administered public lands throughout Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota....

2010-06-02

320

Rock-water interactions of the Madison Aquifer, Mission Canyon Formation, Williston Basin, North Dakota  

E-print Network

The Williston Basin is located in the northern Great Plains of the United States. This area includes eastern Montana, northwestern South Dakota, and western North Dakota. The stratigraphy and geologic history of this basin are well understood...

Spicer, James Frank

1994-01-01

321

Environmental tracers as indicators of karst conduits in groundwater in South Dakota, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Environmental tracers sampled from the carbonate Madison aquifer on the eastern flank of the Black Hills, South Dakota, USA indicated the approximate locations of four major karst conduits. Contamination issues are a major concern because these conduits are characterized by direct connections to sinking streams, high groundwater velocities, and proximity to public water supplies. Objectives of the study were to estimate approximate conduit locations and assess possible anthropogenic influences associated with conduits. Anomalies of young groundwater based on chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), tritium, and electrical conductivity (EC) indicated fast moving, focused flow and thus the likely presence of conduits. ??18O was useful for determining sources of recharge for each conduit, and nitrate was a useful tracer for assessing flow paths for anthropogenic influences. Two of the four conduits terminate at or near a large spring complex. CFC apparent ages ranged from 15 years near conduits to >50 years in other areas. Nitrate-N concentrations >0.4 mg/L in groundwater were associated with each of the four conduits compared with concentrations ranging from <0.1 to 0.4 mg/L in other areas. These higher nitrate-N concentrations probably do not result from sinking streams but rather from other areas of infiltration. ?? Springer-Verlag 2007.

Long, A.J.; Sawyer, J.F.; Putnam, L.D.

2008-01-01

322

Environmental tracers as indicators of karst conduits in groundwater in South Dakota, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental tracers sampled from the carbonate Madison aquifer on the eastern flank of the Black Hills, South Dakota, USA indicated the approximate locations of four major karst conduits. Contamination issues are a major concern because these conduits are characterized by direct connections to sinking streams, high groundwater velocities, and proximity to public water supplies. Objectives of the study were to estimate approximate conduit locations and assess possible anthropogenic influences associated with conduits. Anomalies of young groundwater based on chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), tritium, and electrical conductivity (EC) indicated fast moving, focused flow and thus the likely presence of conduits. ?18O was useful for determining sources of recharge for each conduit, and nitrate was a useful tracer for assessing flow paths for anthropogenic influences. Two of the four conduits terminate at or near a large spring complex. CFC apparent ages ranged from 15 years near conduits to >50 years in other areas. Nitrate-N concentrations >0.4 mg/L in groundwater were associated with each of the four conduits compared with concentrations ranging from <0.1 to 0.4 mg/L in other areas. These higher nitrate-N concentrations probably do not result from sinking streams but rather from other areas of infiltration.

Long, Andrew J.; Sawyer, J. Foster; Putnam, Larry D.

2008-03-01

323

Interannual Variation in Larval Yellow Perch Abundance in Eastern South Dakota Glacial Lakes and Relation to Sympatric Walleye Populations  

E-print Network

Lakes and Relation to Sympatric Walleye Populations Andrew C. Jansen November 2008 Yellow perch Perca flavescens are a popular sportfish in eastern South Dakota glacial lakes. In addition to their recreational

324

77 FR 53226 - Public Land Order No. 7793; Partial Revocation of Public Land Order No. 1535; South Dakota  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [SDM 013790] Public Land Order No. 7793; Partial Revocation of Public Land Order No. 1535; South Dakota Correction In notice document 2012-18885 appearing on page 46112 of the...

2012-08-31

325

South Dakota NASA Space Grant Consortium Creating Bridges in Indian Country  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The South Dakota Space Grant Consortium (SDSGC) was established March 1, 1991 by a NASA Capability Enhancement Grant. Since that time SDSGC has worked to provide earth and space science educational outreach to all students across South Dakota. South Dakota has nine tribes and five tribal colleges. This has presented a tremendous opportunity to develop sustainable equitable partnerships and collaborations. SDSGC believes strongly in developing programs and activities that highlight the balance of indigenous science and ways of knowing with current findings in contemporary science. This blending of science and culture creates a learning community where individuals, especially students, can gain confidence and pride in their unique skills and abilities. Universities are also witnessing the accomplishments and achievements of students who are able to experience a tribal college environment and then carry that experience to a college/university/workplace and significantly increase the learning achievement of all. The presentation will highlight current Tribal College partnerships with Sinte Gleska University and Oglala Lakota College amongst others. Programs and activities to be explained during the presentation include: Native Connections, Scientific Knowledge for Indian Learning and Leadership (SKILL), Bridges to Success Summer Research Program, Fire Ecology Summer Experience, and dual enrolled/college bridge programs. The presentation will also cover the current initiatives underway through NASA Workforce Development. These include: partnering program with the Annual He Sapa Wacipi, American Indian Space Days 2005, NASA research/internship programs and NASA Fellow Summit. An overview of recent American Indian student success will conclude the presentation. The South Dakota School of Mines and Technology has struggled over many years to develop and implement sustainable successful initiatives with Tribal Colleges and Communities. The motivating philosophy is the betterment of all people in South Dakota. If people are provided equity and access, there is no limit to what they can accomplish. SDSM&T in the last three years has graduated nineteen American Indians with degrees in engineering, many of those students' tribal college transfers. This is a significant increase, as only forty American Indian had graduated in thirty years. NASA' presence on the SDSM&T campus has provided the necessary focus and encouragement for success to take place. We are building bridges in South Dakota and the builders are from Indian Country.

Bolman, J. R.

2004-12-01

326

Remote sensing of physiographic soil units of Bennett County, South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study was conducted in Bennett County, South Dakota, to establish a rangeland test site for evaluating the usefulness of ERTS data for mapping soil resources in rangeland areas. Photographic imagery obtained in October, 1970, was analyzed to determine which type of imagery is best for mapping drainage and land use patterns. Imagery of scales ranging from 1:1,000,000 to 1.20,000 was used to delineate soil-vegetative physiographic units. The photo characteristics used to define physiographic units were texture, drainage pattern, tone pattern, land use pattern and tone. These units will be used as test data for evaluating ERTS data. The physiographic units were categorized into a land classification system. The various categories which were delineated at the different scales of imagery were designed to be useful for different levels of land use planning. The land systems are adequate only for planning of large areas for general uses. The lowest category separated was the facet. The facets have a definite soil composition and represent different soil landscapes. These units are thought to be useful for providing natural resource information needed for local planning.

Frazee, C. J.; Gropper, J. L.; Westin, F. C.

1973-01-01

327

Resource selection by black-footed ferrets in South Dakota and Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes), once extinct in the wild, remains one of the most critically endangered mammals in North America despite 18 years of reintroduction attempts. Because black-footed ferrets are specialized predators of prairie dogs (Cynomys sp.), a better understanding of how black-footed ferrets select resources might provide insight into how best to identify and manage reintroduction sites. We monitored ferret resource selection at two reintroduction sites with different densities of prairie dog populations-one that contained a high density of prairie dogs (Conata Basin, South Dakota) and one that was lower (UL Bend, Montana). We evaluated support for hypotheses about ferret resource selection as related to the distribution of active burrows used by black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus), interactions between ferrets, and habitat edge effects. We found support for all three factors within both populations; however, they affected ferret resource selection differently at each site. Ferrets at Conata Basin tended to select areas with high prairie dog burrow density, closer to the colony edge, and that overlapped other ferret ranges. In contrast, ferrets at UL Bend tended not to select areas of high active prairie dog burrow density, avoided areas close to edge habitat, and females avoided areas occupied by other ferrets. The differences observed between the two sites might be best explained by prairie dog densities, which were higher at Conata Basin (119.3 active burrows per ha) than at UL Bend (44.4 active burrows per ha). Given the positive growth of ferret populations at Conata Basin, management that increases the density of prairie dogs might enhance ferret success within natural areas. To achieve long-term recovery of ferrets in the wild, conservationists should increasingly work across and outside natural area boundaries to increase prairie dog populations.

Jachowski, D.S.; Millspaugh, J.J.; Biggins, D.E.; Livieri, T.M.; Matchett, M.R.; Rittenhouse, C.D.

2011-01-01

328

Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting a Commercial Building Energy Standard in South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

The state of South Dakota is considering adopting a commercial building energy standard. This report evaluates the potential costs and benefits to South Dakota residents from requiring compliance with the most recent edition of the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2001 Energy Standard for Buildings except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. These standards were developed in an effort to set minimum requirements for the energy efficient design and construction of new commercial buildings. The quantitative benefits and costs of adopting a commercial building energy code are modeled by comparing the characteristics of assumed current building practices with the most recent edition of the ASHRAE Standard, 90.1-2001. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits and costs are assessed in this analysis. Energy and economic impacts are estimated using results from a detailed building simulation tool (Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics [BLAST] model) combined with a Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) approach to assess corresponding economic costs and benefits.

Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Winiarski, David W.; Richman, Eric E.

2005-03-04

329

Catastrophic flood origin, little Missouri River valley, Montana, South Dakota, and North Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Mosaics of photographically reduced topographic maps demonstrate the Little Missouri River valley was developed by gigantic floods. Catastrophic flood landforms, oriented in a northwest-southeast direction, cross the entire Little Missouri drainage basin. Field evidence, consisting of abundant flood-deposited alluvium, supports map evidence. Flood-produced landforms, cut in easily eroded claystone bedrock, appear fresh, suggesting that floods occurred late during the last glacial cycle. Sheets of water, several hundred kilometers wide, flowed in a southeast direction, parallel with a continental ice margin. Erosion lowered the regional surface from a level corresponding to the tops of the highest present-day buttes to the surface now crossed by the headwaters of the Moreau, Grand, Cannonball, Heart, and Green Rivers. Spillway trenches served to channel flow and rapidly cut headward into easily eroded claystone. These trenches include the Moreau, Grand, Cannonball, Heart, and Missouri valleys. The Missouri valley in western North Dakota became the dominant spillway as tributary trenches systematically cut off flow feeding competing spillways. Formation of the Little Missouri spillway, first as a north-trending valley, progressively cut off floodwaters flowing into the Heart, Cannonball, Grand, and Moreau spillways. The north end of the Little Missouri spillway also was cut off by a deeper east-trending spillway. Huge sheets of floodwater continued to pour across the divide west of the Little Missouri continuing to lower that surface. These floodwaters were cut off by development of the Yellowstone spillway in eastern Montana.

Clausen, E.N.

1988-07-01

330

Evaluation of factors affecting ice forces at selected bridges in South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

During 1998-2002, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the South Dakota Department of Transportation (SDDOT), conducted a study to evaluate factors affecting ice forces at selected bridges in South Dakota. The focus of this ice-force evaluation was on maximum ice thickness and ice-crushing strength, which are the most important variables in the SDDOT bridge-design equations for ice forces in South Dakota. Six sites, the James River at Huron, the James River near Scotland, the White River near Oacoma/Presho, the Grand River at Little Eagle, the Oahe Reservoir near Mobridge, and the Lake Francis Case at the Platte-Winner Bridge, were selected for collection of ice-thickness and ice-crushing-strength data. Ice thickness was measured at the six sites from February 1999 until April 2001. This period is representative of the climate extremes of record in South Dakota because it included both one of the warmest and one of the coldest winters on record. The 2000 and 2001 winters were the 8th warmest and 11th coldest winters, respectively, on record at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, which was used to represent the climate at all bridges in South Dakota. Ice thickness measured at the James River sites at Huron and Scotland during 1999-2001 ranged from 0.7 to 2.3 feet and 0 to 1.7 feet, respectively, and ice thickness measured at the White River near Oacoma/Presho site during 2000-01 ranged from 0.1 to 1.5 feet. At the Grand River at Little Eagle site, ice thickness was measured at 1.2 feet in 1999, ranged from 0.5 to 1.2 feet in 2000, and ranged from 0.2 to 1.4 feet in 2001. Ice thickness measured at the Oahe Reservoir near Mobridge site ranged from 1.7 to 1.8 feet in 1999, 0.9 to 1.2 feet in 2000, and 0 to 2.2 feet in 2001. At the Lake Francis Case at the Platte-Winner Bridge site, ice thickness ranged from 1.2 to 1.8 feet in 2001. Historical ice-thickness data measured by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) at eight selected streamflow-gaging stations in South Dakota were compiled for 1970-97. The gaging stations included the Grand River at Little Eagle, the White River near Oacoma, the James River near Scotland, the James River near Yankton, the Vermillion River near Wakonda, the Vermillion River near Vermillion, the Big Sioux River near Brookings, and the Big Sioux River near Dell Rapids. Three ice-thickness-estimation equations that potentially could be used for bridge design in South Dakota were selected and included the Accumulative Freezing Degree Day (AFDD), Incremental Accumulative Freezing Degree Day (IAFDD), and Simplified Energy Budget (SEB) equations. These three equations were evaluated by comparing study-collected and historical ice-thickness measurements to equation-estimated ice thicknesses. Input data required by the equations either were collected or compiled for the study or were obtained from the National Weather Service (NWS). An analysis of the data indicated that the AFDD equation best estimated ice thickness in South Dakota using available data sources with an average variation about the measured value of about 0.4 foot. Maximum potential ice thickness was estimated using the AFDD equation at 19 NWS stations located throughout South Dakota. The 1979 winter (the coldest winter on record at Sioux Falls) was the winter used to estimate the maximum potential ice thickness. The estimated maximum potential ice thicknesses generally are largest in northeastern South Dakota at about 3 feet and are smallest in southwestern and south-central South Dakota at about 2 feet. From 1999 to 2001, ice-crushing strength was measured at the same six sites where ice thickness was measured. Ice-crushing-strength measurements were done both in the middle of the winter and near spring breakup. The maximum ice-crushing strengths were measured in the mid- to late winter before the spring thaw. Measured ice-crushing strengths were much smaller near spring breakup. Ice-crushing strength measured at the six sites

Niehus, Colin A.

2002-01-01

331

Interrelationships between Fish Tissue Mercury Concentrations and Water Quality for South Dakota Natural Lakes and Impoundments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether water quality parameters commonly associated with primary productivity\\u000a may be used to predict the susceptibility of a specific water body to exceed proposed fish consumption advisory limitation\\u000a of 0.3 mg kg?1. South Dakota currently has nine lakes and impoundments that exceed fish tissue mercury advisory limits of 1.0 mg kg?1 total mercury, far exceeding US

James J. Stone; Cindie M. McCutcheon; Larry D. Stetler; Steven R. Chipps

332

MENINGEAL WORM (PARELAPHOSTRONGYLUS TENUIS) IN SOUTH DAKOTA: THE PARASITE IN TERRESTRIAL GASTROPODS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terrestrial gastropods were collected from wetland, grassland, and forest- ed habitats throughout eastern and southcentral South Dakota from May-Au- gust of 1999 and 2000 to assess the role of gastropods in transmission of meningeal worm (Parelaphostrongylus tenuis) to white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations throughout the state. A total of 4,063 gastropods rep- resenting 14 species, five of which were known

Christopher N. Jacques; Jonathan A. Jenks

2003-01-01

333

Analyses of flood-flow frequency for selected gaging stations in South Dakota through September 1985  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Analyses of flood-flow frequency were made for 80 active continuous-record gaging stations and 105 discontinued crest-stage partial-record stations in South Dakota with 10 or more years of record. The analyses were developed using the log-Pearson Type III procedure recommended by the U.S. Water Resources Council (Interagency Advisory Committee on Water Data, 1981.) (USGS)

Hoffman, E.B.; Freese, M.E.; Winter, D.R.

1986-01-01

334

Evaluation of Largemouth Bass-Yellow Perch Communities in Small South Dakota Impoundments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides and yellow perch Percaflavescens were sam- pled in eight small (0.9-27.9 hectares) South Dakota impoundments to evaluate community dy- namics and determine whether the yellow perch can be used as a panfish for small-pond manage- ment. Largemouth bass catch per hour of electro fishing (CPUE) was positively correlated (r = 0.81, P = 0.02) with yellow

CHRISTOPHER S. GUY; DAVID W. WILLIS

1991-01-01

335

Influence of Angler Exploitation on Black Crappie Population Structure in a Rural South Dakota Impoundment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anglers harvested approximately 122 black crappies (Pomoxis nigromaculatus)\\/ha at 18-ha Murdo Lake, South Dakota, in 1992. Based on a mean length of 26.2 cm for harvested black crappies, anglers likely harvested 36.1 kg\\/ha. The following spring (1993), proportional stock density (PSD) for black crappies collected with trap nets was 10—far lower than for any of the previous four years. Thus,

David W. Willis; Robert M. Neumann; Christopher S. Guy

1994-01-01

336

Movement Patterns of Adult Black Crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus, in Brant Lake, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Movement of adult black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) in Brant Lake, South Dakota was studied with ultrasonic telemetry from April through August 1991. Movement ranged from 0 to 584 m\\/h and was significantly different among months (P=0.0001, F=9.34, df=4) and diel periods (P=0.0013, F=5.45, df=3). Activity was greatest during April and July. Diel movement increased from evening to morning, and the

Christopher S. Guy; Robert M. Neumann; David W. Willis

1992-01-01

337

Early tertiary age of pitchstone in the Northern Black Hills, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A block of pitchstone in the northern Black Hills, South Dakota, is Paleocene in age, according to potassium-argon dating of biotite and fission-track dating of zircon in the sample. These data invalidate published suggestions that the age is much younger. The pitchstone is not extrusive in its present position but instead is in a volcanic pipe with other fragments that came downward from as much as 1100 meters above the modern surface.

Redden, J.A.; Obradovich, J.D.; Naeser, C.W.; Zartman, R.E.; Norton, J.J.

1983-01-01

338

Temperature-Dependent Growth Models for South Dakota Yellow Perch, Perca flavescens, Fingerling Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temperature-dependent growth models were developed for juvenile yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchell), in eastern South Dakota. Age-0 yellow perch were held in a circular culture tank for two months and trained to accept a pelleted diet. Five temperature treatments (16, 19, 22, 25, and 28°C) were randomly assigned in triplicate to 15, 38-L tanks containing 10 fish averaging 84±0.4 mm

Michael L. Brown; Kevin A. Smith

2004-01-01

339

Life History of the Emerald Shiner, Notropis atherinoides, in Lewis and Clark Lake, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

The age, rate of growth, reproduction, feeding habits, and population dynamics of the emerald shiner (Notropis atherinoides) were studied from 10,375 fish collected in Lewis and Clark Lake, South Dakota. The population in this 28,000-acre reservoir consisted of four age groups dominated by young-of-the-year during the summer and fall and by age-group I during the spring and early summer. Age-group

Everett H. Fuchs

1967-01-01

340

"So long as I can read": farm women's reading experiences in Depression-era South Dakota.  

PubMed

During the Great Depression, with conditions grim, entertainment scarce, and educational opportunities limited, many South Dakota farm women relied on reading to fill emotional, social, and informational needs. To read to any degree, these rural women had to overcome multiple obstacles. Extensive reading (whether books, farm journals, or newspapers) was limited to those who had access to publications and could make time to read. The South Dakota Free Library Commission was valuable in circulating reading materials to the state's rural population. In the 1930s the commission collaborated with the USDA's Extension Service in a popular reading project geared toward South Dakota farm women. This "Reading in the Home" program greatly increased reading opportunities and motivations. Of particular interest to rural women were tales of pioneer life featuring strong protagonists. Through these stories, farm women found validation and encouragement to persevere. Reading also broadened horizons and challenged assumptions. For the depression-era farm woman, reading books and other materials provided recreation, instruction, and inspiration in a discouraging time. PMID:19860030

Lindell, Lisa R

2009-01-01

341

A two-dimensional, finite-difference model of the high plains aquifer in southern South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The High Plains aquifer is the principal source of water for irrigation, industry, municipalities, and domestic use in south-central South Dakota. The aquifer, composed of upper sandstone units of the Arikaree Formation, and the overlying Ogallala and Sand Hills Formations, was simulated using a two-dimensional, finite-difference computer model. The maximum difference between simulated and measured potentiometric heads was less than 60 feet (1- to 4-percent error). Two-thirds of the simulated potentiometric heads were within 26 feet of the measured values (3-percent error). The estimated saturated thickness, computed from simulated potentiometric heads, was within 25-percent error of the known saturated thickness for 95 percent of the study area. (USGS)

Kolm, K.E.; Case, H. L., III

1983-01-01

342

The flora of the Cottonwood Lake Study Area, Stutsman County, North Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 92 ha Cottonwood Lake Study Area is located in south-central North Dakota along the eastern edge of a glacial stagnation moraine known as the Missouri Coteau. The study area has been the focus of biologic and hydrologic research since the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service purchased the site in 1963. We studied the plant communities of the Cottonwood Lake Study Area from 1992 to 2001. During this time period, the vascular flora of the study area consisted of 220 species representing 51 families. Over half of the species were perennial forbs (117 species). Perennial grasses (26 species) and annual forbs (22 species) made up the next two largest physiognomic groupings. The flora, having a mean Coefficient of Conservatism of 4.6 and a Floristic Quality Index of 62, consisted of 187 native species. Thirty-three species were non-natives. Our annotated list should provide information useful to researchers, graduate students, and others as they design and implement future studies in wetlands and uplands both in and around the Cottonwood Lake Study Area.

Mushet, D.M.; Euliss, N.H., Jr.; Lane, S.P.; Goldade, C.M.

2004-01-01

343

Technical-assistance report on a geothermal heating utility for Lemmon, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this effort was to review work already done toward establishing a geothermal heating utility in Lemmon, South Dakota; to redefine the goals for such a project; and to recommend how the project might proceeed to completion. The minimum size Phase I suggested would provide heat for up to 62 buildings in a 9-block area. Total cost is estimated at $1,800,000 to 1,950,000. The geothermal source is expected to be 100 to 400 gpm of 160/sup 0/F water pumped from 500 feet deep. Proposed energy savings and energy cost savings are presented. Analysis indicates that the major geothermal development effort in Lemmon should be directed toward the Madison aquifer. The minimum project dictates simple reinjection of the water after primary thermal extraction, although other uses are attractive and may be promoted if this resource is developed. A wide range of funding sources was investigated. Most promising avenues appear to be some form of local bond financing, and loans from the Farmer's Home Administration or the HUD Urban Development action grant program. The report suggests that a municipally-owned geothermal district heating utility be established, and a bond issue approved to pay for the initial well drilling, which is the major risk in the whole venture. A UDAG grant for 25% of the well cost may be obtainable. If the well proves successful, then the rest of the project can go forward.

Not Available

1982-02-01

344

Crop identification and acreage measurement utilizing ERTS imagery. [Missouri, Kansa, Idaho, and South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Statistical Reporting Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture is evaluating ERTS-1 imagery as a potential tool for estimating crop acreage. A main data source for the estimates is obtained by enumerating small land parcels that have been randomly selected from the total U.S. land area. These small parcels are being used as ground observations in this investigation. The test sites are located in Missouri, Kansas, Idaho, and South Dakota. The major crops of interest are wheat, cotton, corn, soybeans, sugar beets, potatoes, oats, alfalfa, and grain sorghum. Some of the crops are unique to a given site while others are common in two or three states. This provides an opportunity to observe crops grown under different conditions. Results for the Missouri test site are presented. Results of temporal overlays, unequal prior probabilities, and sample classifiers are discussed. The amount of improvement that each technique contributes is shown in terms of overall performance. The results show that useful information for making crop acreage estimates can be obtained from ERTS-1 data.

Wigton, W. H.; Vonsteen, D. H.

1974-01-01

345

Physical characteristics of stream subbasins in the Lac qui Parle River basin, southwestern Minnesota and eastern South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Data describing the physical characteristics of stream subbasins upstream from selected points on streams in the Lac qui Parle River basin, located in southwestern Minnesota and eastern South Dakota, are presented in this report. The physical charac- teristics are the drainage area of the subbasin, the percentage area of the subbasin covered only by lakes, the percentage area of the subbasin covered by both lakes and wetlands, the main-channel length. and the main-channel slope. The points on the stream include outlets of subbasins of at least 5 square miles, outfalls of sewage treatment plants, and locations of U.S. Geological Survey low-flow, high-flow, and continuous-record gaging stations.

Lorenz, D.L.; Sanocki, C.A.; Winterstein, Thomas A.

1994-01-01

346

ANALYSIS OF AERIAL SURVEYS AND TOLERANCE OF LANDOWNERS FOR A CANADA GOOSE FLOCK IN NORTHEASTERN SOUTH DAKOTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Sincere appreciation is extended to Dr. Raymond L. Linder, Leader, South Dakota Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, for his advice throughout the project and aid in preparing the manuscript. Thanks are expressed to Dr. Frank Schitoskey, Jr., Dr. Paul A. Vohs, Jr., and Thomas L. Kuck for aid in editing the manuscript. Thanks are extended to personnel of the South

THOMAS C. TACHA

347

36 CFR 251.10 - Prohibition of location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. 251.10 Section 251.10 ...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. The location of...

2014-07-01

348

36 CFR 251.10 - Prohibition of location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. 251.10 Section 251.10 ...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. The location of...

2012-07-01

349

36 CFR 251.10 - Prohibition of location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. 251.10 Section 251.10 ...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. The location of...

2013-07-01

350

36 CFR 251.10 - Prohibition of location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. 251.10 Section 251.10 ...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. The location of...

2010-07-01

351

36 CFR 251.10 - Prohibition of location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. 251.10 Section 251.10 ...location of mining claims within certain areas in the Norbeck Wildlife Preserve, South Dakota. The location of...

2011-07-01

352

Survival of white-tailed deer neonates in Minnesota and South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Understanding the influence of intrinsic (e.g., age, birth mass, and sex) and habitat factors on survival of neonate white-tailed deer improves understanding of population ecology. During 2002-2004, we captured and radiocollared 78 neonates in eastern South Dakota and southwestern Minnesota, of which 16 died before 1 September. Predation accounted for 80% of mortality; the remaining 20% was attributed to starvation. Canids (coyotes [Canis latrans], domestic dogs) accounted for 100% of predation on neonates. We used known fate analysis in Program MARK to estimate survival rates and investigate the influence of intrinsic and habitat variables on survival. We developed 2 a priori model sets, including intrinsic variables (model set 1) and habitat variables (model set 2; forested cover, wetlands, grasslands, and croplands). For model set 1, model {Sage-interval} had the lowest AICc (Akaike's information criterion for small sample size) value, indicating that age at mortality (3-stage age-interval: 0-2 weeks, 2-8 weeks, and >8 weeks) best explained survival. Model set 2 indicated that habitat variables did not further influence survival in the study area; ??-estimates and 95% confidence intervals for habitat variables in competing models encompassed zero; thus, we excluded these models from consideration. Overall survival rate using model {Sage-interval} was 0.87 (95% CI = 0.83-0.91); 61% of mortalities occurred at 0-2 weeks of age, 26% at 2-8 weeks of age, and 13% at >8 weeks of age. Our results indicate that variables influencing survival may be area specific. Region-specific data are needed to determine influences of intrinsic and habitat variables on neonate survival before wildlife managers can determine which habitat management activities influence neonate populations. ?? 2011 The Wildlife Society.

Grovenburg, T.W.; Swanson, C.C.; Jacques, C.N.; Klaver, R.W.; Brinkman, T.J.; Burris, B.M.; Deperno, C.S.; Jenks, J.A.

2011-01-01

353

LEVEL III AND IV ECOREGIONS OF NORTH DAKOTA AND SOUTH DAKOTA  

EPA Science Inventory

Ecoregions denote areas of general similarity in ecosystems and in the type, quality, and quantity of environmental resources; they are designed to serve as a spatial framework for the research, assessment, management, and monitoring of ecosystems and ecosystem components. Ecore...

354

Delineating the size of the Cliff Shelf Landslide in Badlands National Park, South Dakota  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Combining non-invasive surface geophysical results and geotechnical drill hole data can provide valuable information about the subsurface. Unfortunately, the placement of inclinometers is often limited to areas along roads and other areas accessible by drill rigs, yet many surface geophysical investigations take place in areas where accessibility is difficult or impossible for vehicles. An integrated investigation using surface geophysics and existing borehole data was conducted at the active Cliff Shelf landslide along South Dakota State Route (SR) 240 in Badlands National Park, South Dakota. The purpose of the geophysical investigation was to provide an approximate size of the Cliff Shelf Landslide for the engineering design alternative of the short-and long-term stabilization of the landslide. Additional objectives were to determine the strength/stiffness of the landslide materials, and to locate any heterogeneities of the Cliff Shelf landslide, specifically discontinuities which may imply slide planes within the landslide. Surface geophysical methods used for this investigation included seismic refraction tomography, Multi-Channel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW), and electrical resistivity tomography. Inclinometers were previously installed at two locations on SR 240 to determine a depth to the slide plane. Drill log data, specifically SPT N-values (i.e., blow counts), were used to interpret a depth to a stiffness contact. Observations from the inclinometers indicate maximum horizontal displacement at approximate depths of 47-49 feet. Borings near the inclinometers show an increase in N-value at depths of 50-60 feet, indicating a stiffness contact at similar depths. Seismic refraction and MASW surveys were acquired within 18 feet of the inclinometers and borehole locations. At depths where maximum displacement occurred and blow counts increased, the P-wave and S-wave velocities increased from 3200 ft/s to 4300-4700 feet per second (ft/s), and from 550 ft/s to 900 ft/s, respectively. Therefore, these velocities (referred to hereafter as 'stiffness contact') are interpreted to represent a stiffness contact where displacement is likely to occur, and a possible depth to the slide plane. Two locations along the seismic refraction and MASW profiles were identified where there is an abrupt decrease in the depth to the stiffness contact, interpreted to represent the location of the slide plane. Additional seismic refraction and MASW surveys were collected away from the highway (where instruments could not be installed) to delineate the shape and size of the slide plane in the subsurface, specifically the northern and western extents. By determining the extents of the slide plane, an estimation of the size of the landslide was made by engineers and incorporated to designing mitigation solutions. Also, by successfully applying multiple geophysical techniques the interpreted depth and extents of the slide plane allowed design engineers to determine the total size of the landslide. The interpretations of the slide plane extents, vertically and horizontally, correlate well with the limited standard geotechnical data currently being used to monitor landslide movement.

Genco, A. J.

2013-12-01

355

HABITAT RESOURCE SELECTION BY GREATER SAGE GROUSE WITHIN OIL AND GAS DEVELOPMENT AREAS IN NORTH DAKOTA AND MONTANA  

E-print Network

was provided by U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, North Dakota Game and Fish Department AREAS IN NORTH DAKOTA AND MONTANA Kristin A. Fritz July 2011 Populations of greater sageHABITAT RESOURCE SELECTION BY GREATER SAGE GROUSE WITHIN OIL AND GAS DEVELOPMENT AREAS IN NORTH

356

COMPARATIVE USE OF FOUR WOODLAND HABITATS BY BIRDSl JOHN M. EMMERICH.' Department of Wildlife and Fisheries SCiences, South Dakota State University, Brookings. SO  

E-print Network

and Fisheries SCiences, South Dakota State University, Brookings. SO 57007 PAUL A. VOHS,' Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SO 57007 Abstract: Bird species diversity (BSD). species richness, population density, and habitat use ofindiYidual bird species for riparian woodlands

357

Paleomagnetism, rock magnetism, and PIXE Analysis of Oligocene-Miocene sediments (Bennett County, South Dakota)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present paleo- and rock magnetic results together with Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) data from an Oligocene-Miocene aged section in central South Dakota. Sediment samples recovered by the High-Plains Aquifer Drilling Program of the South Dakota Geological Survey retrieved well-preserved core material for paleomagnetic and geochemical analysis. A 250 m long core was retrieved from the Tertiary Arikaree Group, which consists predominantly of fine-grained sandstones and limestones with interbedded silt and clay. Paleomagnetic and rock magnetic measurements were carried out at 30 cm resolution on more than 200 discrete samples, and geochemical analysis using PIXE at the Louisiana Accelerator Center on twenty selected samples, with the goal of extracting a geomagnetic polarity time scale and to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions. Stepwise demagnetization of the natural remnant magnetization yields excellent to poor demagnetization behavior, with a viscous isothermal remnant magnetization drilling overprint effectively removed during the 20 mT demagnetization step. Paleomagnetic data are characterized by normal and reversed inclinations, consistent with the site position in South Dakota. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of the sediments correlate well with the observed changes in lithology. PIXE sample preparation procedures and calibration techniques to obtain absolute concentrations of heavy elements in the core samples are discussed. An empirical correlation between susceptibility measurements and concentration of the magnetic materials in the core obtained from PIXE will be presented. The results are promising in augmenting traditional paleomagnetic studies to develop a quantitative relationship between the measured magnetization and the concentration of magnetic materials needed for relative paleointensity studies. The PIXE analysis shows also potential in deciphering paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic conditions during the deposition of the sedimentary section.

Karbalaei Saleh, F.; Martin, J.; Sidorovskaia, N.; Richter, C.; Hollerman, W. A.

2013-12-01

358

First Name Last Name Address City State Zip Code Agency Email Geno Adams 20641 SD Hwy 1806 Ft. Pierre South Dakota 57532 SDGFP geno.adams@state.sd.us  

E-print Network

Anderson 306 5th St NW Valley City North Dakota 58072 Valley City State University bob Kersten St. Aprt #2 Bottineau North Dakota 58318 MSU-Bottineau Bigben3034@hotmail.com Mike Barnes 19619 South Dakota 57274 SDGFP ryan.braun@state.sd.us Larry Brooks PO Box 315 Bottineau North Dakota 58318 MSU

359

Geothermal heating project at St. Mary's Hospital, Pierre, South Dakota. Final report  

SciTech Connect

St. Mary's Hospital, Pierre, South Dakota, with the assistance of the US Department of Energy, drilled a 2176 ft well into the Madison Aquifer ot secure 108/sup 0/F artesian flow water at 385 gpm (475 psig shut-in pressure). The objective was to provide heat for domestic hot water and to space heat 163,768 sq. ft. Cost savings for the first three years were significant and, with the exception of a shutdown to replace some corroded pipe, the system has operated reliably and continuously for the last four years.

Not Available

1984-12-01

360

Hepatic minerals of white-tailed and mule deer in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota.  

PubMed

Because there is a paucity of information on the mineral requirements of free-ranging deer, data are needed from clinically healthy deer to provide a basis for the diagnosis of mineral deficiencies. To our knowledge, no reports are available on baseline hepatic mineral concentrations from sympatric white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) using different habitats in the Northern Great Plains. We assessed variation in hepatic minerals of female white-tailed deer (n = 42) and mule deer (n = 41). Deer were collected in February and August 2002 and 2003 from study areas in Custer and Pennington Counties, South Dakota, in and adjacent to a wildfire burn. Hepatic samples were tested for levels (parts per million; ppm) of aluminum (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), selenium (Se), sodium (Na), sulfur (S), thalium (Tl), and zinc (Zn). We predicted that variability in element concentrations would occur between burned and unburned habitat due to changes in plant communities and thereby forage availability. We determined that Zn, Cu, and Ba values differed (P

Zimmerman, Teresa J; Jenks, Jonathan A; Leslie, David M; Neiger, Regg D

2008-04-01

361

Zeolites in the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Zeolites of possible commercial value occur in the Brule Formation of Oligocene age and the Sharps Formation (Harksen, 1961) of Miocene age which crop out in a wide area in the northern part of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The thickness of the zeolite-bearing Interval and the extent of areas within the Interval which contain significant amounts of zeolites are far greater than was expected prior to this investigation. The shape of the zeolite-bearing Interval is tabular and the dimensions of Its exposure are roughly 10 ml x 200 mi x 150 ft (16 km x 160 km x 45 m) thick. Within the study area, there are tracts in which the zeolite resource potential is significant (see pl. 2). This report is intended to inform the Oglala Sioux Tribe of some of the most promising zeolite occurrences. Initial steps can then be taken by the Tribe toward possible development of the resources, should they wish to do so. The data contained herein identify areas of high zeolite potential, but are not adequate to establish economic value for the deposits. If development is recommended by the tribal government, we suggest that the tribal government contact companies involved in research and production of natural zeolites and provide them with the data in this report.

Raymond, William H.; Bush, Alfred L.; Gude, Arthur J., 3rd

1982-01-01

362

JV 38-APPLICATION OF COFIRING AND COGENERATION FOR SOUTH DAKOTA SOYBEAN PROCESSORS  

SciTech Connect

Cogeneration of heat and electricity is being considered by the South Dakota Soybean Processors for its facility in Volga, South Dakota, and a new facility to be located in Brewster, Minnesota. The Energy & Environmental Research Center has completed a feasibility study, with 40% funding provided from the U.S. Department of Energy's Jointly Sponsored Research Program to determine the potential application of firing biomass fuels combined with coal and comparative economics of natural gas-fired turbines. Various biomass fuels are available at each location. The most promising options based on availability are as follows. The economic impact of firing 25% biomass with coal can increase return on investment by 0.5 to 1.5 years when compared to firing natural gas. The results of the comparative economics suggest that a fluidized-bed cogeneration system will have the best economic performance. Installation for the Brewster site is recommended based on natural gas prices not dropping below a $4.00/MMBtu annual average delivered cost. Installation at the Volga site is only recommended if natural gas prices substantially increase to $5.00/MMBtu on average. A 1- to 2-year time frame will be needed for permitting and equipment procurement.

Darren D. Schmidt

2002-11-01

363

Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology of Human West Nile Virus Disease in South Dakota  

PubMed Central

Despite a cold temperate climate and low human population density, the Northern Great Plains has become a persistent hot spot for human West Nile virus (WNV) disease in North America. Understanding the spatial and temporal patterns of WNV can provide insights into the epidemiological and ecological factors that influence disease emergence and persistence. We analyzed the 1,962 cases of human WNV disease that occurred in South Dakota from 2002–2012 to identify the geographic distribution, seasonal cycles, and interannual variability of disease risk. The geographic and seasonal patterns of WNV have changed since the invasion and initial epidemic in 2002–2003, with cases shifting toward the eastern portion of South Dakota and occurring earlier in the transmission season in more recent years. WNV cases were temporally autocorrelated at lags of up to six weeks and early season cumulative case numbers were correlated with seasonal totals, indicating the possibility of using these data for short-term early detection of outbreaks. Epidemiological data are likely to be most effective for early warning of WNV virus outbreaks if they are integrated with entomological surveillance and environmental monitoring to leverage the strengths and minimize the weaknesses of each information source. PMID:24173141

Wimberly, Michael C.; Giacomo, Paolla; Kightlinger, Lon; Hildreth, Michael B.

2013-01-01

364

Spatio-temporal epidemiology of human West Nile virus disease in South Dakota.  

PubMed

Despite a cold temperate climate and low human population density, the Northern Great Plains has become a persistent hot spot for human West Nile virus (WNV) disease in North America. Understanding the spatial and temporal patterns of WNV can provide insights into the epidemiological and ecological factors that influence disease emergence and persistence. We analyzed the 1,962 cases of human WNV disease that occurred in South Dakota from 2002-2012 to identify the geographic distribution, seasonal cycles, and interannual variability of disease risk. The geographic and seasonal patterns of WNV have changed since the invasion and initial epidemic in 2002-2003, with cases shifting toward the eastern portion of South Dakota and occurring earlier in the transmission season in more recent years. WNV cases were temporally autocorrelated at lags of up to six weeks and early season cumulative case numbers were correlated with seasonal totals, indicating the possibility of using these data for short-term early detection of outbreaks. Epidemiological data are likely to be most effective for early warning of WNV virus outbreaks if they are integrated with entomological surveillance and environmental monitoring to leverage the strengths and minimize the weaknesses of each information source. PMID:24173141

Wimberly, Michael C; Giacomo, Paolla; Kightlinger, Lon; Hildreth, Michael B

2013-11-01

365

Direct utilization of geothermal energy in western South Dakota agribusiness. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This project involved the direct utilization of geothermal energy for (1) space heating of farm and ranch buildings, (2) drying grain, and (3) providing warm stock water during the winter. The site for this demonstration project was the Diamond Ring Ranch north of Midland, South Dakota. Geothermal water flowing from an existing well into the Madison Aquifer was used to heat four homes, a shop, a hospital barn for cattle, and air for a barn and grain dryer. This site is centrally located in the western region of South Dakota where geothermal water is available from the Madison Aquifer. The first year of the project involved the design of the heating systems and its construction while the following years were for operation, testing, demonstrating, and monitoring the system. Required modifications and improvements were made during this period. Operating modifications and improvements were made during this period. Operating experience showed that such application of geothermal resources is feasible and can result in substantial fuel savings. Economic analyses under a variety of assumptions generally gave payback periods of less than ten years. Numerous technical recommendations are made. The most significant being the necessity of passive protection from freezing of remote geothermal systems subject to winter shut downs caused by power or equipment failure. The primary institutional recommendation is to incorporate a use for the geothermal water such as irrigation or stock watering into agribusiness-related geothermal development.

Howard, S.M.

1983-09-01

366

Efficacy of Frequent Monitoring With Swift, Certain, and Modest Sanctions for Violations: Insights From South Dakota’s 24/7 Sobriety Project  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the public health impact of South Dakota’s 24/7 Sobriety Project, an innovative program requiring individuals arrested for or convicted of alcohol-involved offenses to submit to breathalyzer tests twice per day or wear a continuous alcohol monitoring bracelet. Those testing positive are subject to swift, certain, and modest sanctions. Methods. We conducted differences-in-differences analyses comparing changes in arrests for driving while under the influence of alcohol (DUI), arrests for domestic violence, and traffic crashes in counties to the program with counties without the program. Results. Between 2005 and 2010, more than 17?000 residents of South Dakota—including more than 10% of men aged 18 to 40 years in some counties—had participated in the 24/7 program. At the county level, we documented a 12% reduction in repeat DUI arrests (P?=?.023) and a 9% reduction in domestic violence arrests (P?=?.035) following adoption of the program. Evidence for traffic crashes was mixed. Conclusions. In community supervision settings, frequent alcohol testing with swift, certain, and modest sanctions for violations can reduce problem drinking and improve public health outcomes. PMID:23153129

Nicosia, Nancy; Heaton, Paul; Midgette, Greg

2013-01-01

367

Geology Fieldnotes: Wind Cave National Park South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wind Cave National Park includes one of the world's longest and most complex caves and 28,295 acres of mixed-grass prairie, ponderosa pine forest, and associated wildlife. The cave is well known for its outstanding display of boxwork, an unusual cave formation composed of thin calcite fins resembling honeycombs. Features include park geology information, maps, photographs of cave formations, related links, and visitor information. The park geology section discusses geologic history, structural geology, cave formations, and history of exploration of the region. The park maps section includes an area map of Wind Cave National Park and a detailed cave map.

368

Remote sensing applications to resource problems in South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Change in the vegetative structure was taking place in the Black Hills. Temporal analysis of the areal extent of open meadows was accomplished using black and white and color infrared aerial photography. A reduction of nearly 1100 hectares of open meadows was determined using photointerpretation. Techniques were developed for the management of meandering lakes, including use of LANDSAT imagery for continuous monitoring, classification of hydrophytes on low altitude CIR imagery, and planning and evaluation of improvements and multiple uses on aerial photography and photo mosaics. LANDSAT data were analyzed statistically from small and entire study scene areas to determine the effect of soils stratifications of corn signatures. Band 5 early season and band 7 later season recorded the strongest evidence of the influence of soils on corn signatures. Significant strata were determined by a multiple range test.

Myers, V. I. (principal investigator); Best, R. G.; Dalsted, K. J.; Devries, M. E.; Eidenshink, J. C.; Schmer, F. A.; Streckfuss, J. T.; Wehde, M. E.

1978-01-01

369

Instructional Effectiveness of Computer Technology in Non-Computer-Oriented Courses as Perceived by South Dakota High School Business Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey responses from 191 South Dakota high school business teachers indicated that 98% use computers in teaching noncomputer-oriented courses, primarily using word processing, accounting, grading, simulation and spreadsheet software. They felt computers enhance instructional quality, increase student interest, and help match abilities to tasks.…

Lu, June; Molstad, Lynette

1999-01-01

370

Food and Feeding Behavior of the Shovelnose Sturgeon, Scaphirhynchus platorynchus, in the Unchannelized Missouri River, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

The feeding habits of the shovelnose sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus) were investigated in the unchannelized Missouri River, South Dakota, between October 1971 and September 1972. The annual diet was dominated by aquatic arthropods, particularly larvae of the insect orders Trichoptera, Diptera, and Ephemeroptera. The annum feeding behavior was separated into three intervals: (1) the fall months, during which the fish extensively

Timothy Modde; James C. Schmulbach

1977-01-01

371

Thermostable hemicellulases of a bacterium, Geobacillus sp. DC3, isolated from the former Homestake Gold Mine in Lead, South Dakota  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A thermophilic strain, Geobacillus sp. DC3, capable of producing hemicellulolytic enzymes was isolated from the 1.5-km depth of the former Homestake gold mine in Lead, South Dakota. The DC3 strain expressed a high level of extracellular endoxylanase at 39.5 U/mg protein with additional hemicellulase...

372

Evaluation of a 23-cm Minimum Length Limit for Black and White Crappies in a Small South Dakota Impoundment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks instituted a 23-cm minimum length limit for black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus and white crappie P. annularis in Lake Alvin on 1 January 1996 because an undesirable size and age structure indicated that these pop- ulations were being overharvested. Crappies were sampled annually using trap (modified fyke) nets from 1992 to 1999.

Timothy J. Bister; David W. Willis; Allen D. Knapp; Todd R. St Sauver

2002-01-01

373

Influence of a Saugeye (Sauger × Walleye) Introduction Program on the Black Crappie Population in Richmond Lake, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Saugeyes, a purposeful hybrid between walleye Stizostedion vitreum and sauger S. canadense, were introduced into 336-ha Richmond Lake, South Dakota, with a management ob- jective of improving the size structure of the population of black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the influence of stocking size on the relative survival of saugeyes, (2) changes

Gene F. Galinat; David W. Willis; Brian G. Blackwell; Matthew J. Hubers

2002-01-01

374

Geochemical data from groundwater at the proposed Dewey Burdock uranium in-situ recovery mine, Edgemont, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report releases groundwater geochemistry data from samples that were collected in June 2011 at the Dewey Burdock proposed uranium in-situ recovery site near Edgemont, South Dakota. The sampling and analytical methods are summarized, and all of the data, including quality assurance/quality control information are provided in data tables.

Johnson, Raymond H.

2012-01-01

375

Food Habits of Young-of-the-Year Walleyes In Okobojo Bay of Lake Oahe, South Dakota  

E-print Network

,falo (Ictiobus bubalus) were initially the most important prey fish, but rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) became% of the total fish harvest in the reservoir (Riis 1982, 1983); thus, fry and fingerling stockings were initiated at least 20 fish were sampled. 1present address: south Dakota Department of Game, Fisb and Parks, 445 East

376

The Young Citizens League: Its Origins and Development in South Dakota to 1930. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the goal of improving citizenship and character education in the elementary school child through learning by doing in the form of a school-based club, the Young Citizens League (YCL) appeared in rural South Dakota early in the twentieth century, introduced by Michael M. Guhin and developed by E.C. Giffen. By 1930, at its peak, it had an…

Brown, Philip L.

377

Influence of Drought Conditions on Brown Trout Biomass and Size Structure in the Black Hills, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the influence of drought conditions on the biomass of brown trout Salmo trutta in Spearfish Creek, upper Rapid Creek, and lower Rapid Creek in the Black Hills of western South Dakota. Stream discharge, mean summer water temperature, the biomass of juvenile and adult brown trout, and brown trout size structure were compared between two time periods: early (2000–2002)

Daniel A. James; Jerry W. Wilhite; Steven R. Chipps

2010-01-01

378

Quality of water from surficial-outwash aquifers in the Big Sioux River basin, eastern South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately, 1,300 sq mi of surficial outwash deposits underlie the Big Sioux River basin of eastern South Dakota. Areal differences in the quality of water in the outwash deposits are determined largely by contact time between groundwater and limestone, dolomite, gypsum, and weathering products of those minerals rather than by differences in the mineralogy of the outwash. Water from the

S. J. Lawrence; S. K. Sando

1991-01-01

379

Guidelines for Establishing Off-Farm Agricultural Cooperative Occupational Experience Programs for Vocational Agriculture in South Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents suggested guidelines for planning and establishing vocational agriculture programs in South Dakota involving off-farm cooperative occupational experiences. Off-farm cooperative occupational experience programs are defined as utilizing actual on-the-job training in cooperation with an employer and supplementing the job…

Hanson, Clark W.

380

Nutrient database for distiller's dried grains with solubles produced from new ethanol plants in Minnesota and South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted to evaluate the nutrient content and variability of distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) originating from new (less than 5 yr old) ethanol plants in Minnesota and South Dakota. Ten plants (8 MN, 2 SD) participated in the study, submitting a total of 118 samples. Samples were collected every 2 mo from ten ethanol plants in

M. J. Spiehs; M. H. Whitney; G. C. Shurson

381

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 84 (2005) 119 POPULATION MODELS FOR WHITE-TAILED DEER  

E-print Network

Models were developed for the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) population inhabiting the Black-tailed deer in the Black Hills, South Dakota. Keywords Black Hills, Odocoileus virginianus, population model-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule (O. hemionus) deer make up a significant portion of this wildlife

382

Food Habits of Young-of-the-Year Walleyes in Okobojo Bay of Lake Oahe, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food habits of young-of-the-year walleyes (Stizostedion vitreum) were determined in Okobojo Bay of Lake Oahe, South Dakota from June through September, 1991. Walleyes initially fed on zooplankton but soon became piscivorous. Smallmouth buffalo (Ictiobus bubalus) were initially the most important prey fish, but rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) became important as walleyes moved from the littoral zone of the bay to

Jeffrey J. Jackson; David W. Willis; David G. Fielder

1992-01-01

383

Habitat selection of a declining white-tailed deer herd in the central Black Hills, South Dakota and Wyoming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Habitat selection, survival rates, the Black Hills National Forest Habitat Capability Model (HABCAP), and the USDA Forest Service Geographic Information System (GIS) data base were evaluated for a declining white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus dacotensis) herd in the central Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming. From July 1993 through July 1996, 73 adult and yearling female and 12 adult and

Christopher Shannon Deperno

1998-01-01

384

Professional Competencies Needed by School Superintendents, As Perceived by School Board Members and Superintendents in South Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using 1986 survey data from South Dakota public school superintendents and board members, this study explored essential superintendent competencies. Results showed (1) different rankings of most competencies by superintendents and board members and (2) the key importance of personnel management, educational and fiscal leadership, and interpersonal…

Haugland, Maurice

1987-01-01

385

Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 86 (2007) 191 EVALUATING MOVEMENTS OF PRONGHORNS IN  

E-print Network

OF PRONGHORNS IN WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH DAKOTA Jaret D. Sievers, Christopher N. Jacques, Jonathan A Brookings, SD 57007 ABSTRACT Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) were reintroduced into Wind Cave National during the 1990's raised concern for the continued existence of pronghorn inside the Park. Historically

386

VEGETATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF PRONGHORN BED SITES IN WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH DAKOTA --Much of the previous  

E-print Network

49 NOTES VEGETATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF PRONGHORN BED SITES IN WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH DAKOTA -- Much of the previous literature on pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) fawns has focused on fawn and Fichter 1975, Bromley 1977). Selection of bed sites by pronghorn fawns is a major factor affecting fawn

387

The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. South Dakota. Grade 12, Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for South Dakota's 2013 student achievement in…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2014

2014-01-01

388

The Nation's Report Card Reading 2013 State Snapshot Report. South Dakota. Grade 12, Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for South Dakota's 2013 student achievement in…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2014

2014-01-01

389

INSECT DAMAGE IN NORTH AND SOUTH DAKOTA SUNFLOWER FIELDS IN 2001: RESULTS FROM THE NATIONAL SUNFLOWER ASSOCIATION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In September 2001, 406 sunflower fields were surveyed in North and South Dakota. Fields were sampled for yield and impact of weeds, diseases, and insects. Damage caused by red sunflower seed weevil, banded sunflower moth, and sunflower midge was measured. Evaluations were made by assessing visible d...

390

A multifaceted approach to prioritize and design bank stabilization measures along the Big Sioux River, South Dakota, USA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A multifaceted approach was used to manage fine-grained sediment loadings from river bank erosion along the Big Sioux River between Dell Rapids and Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA. Simulations with the RVR Meander and CONCEPTS river-morphodynamics computer models were conducted to identify stream-ban...

391

Nearshore bathymetric mapping along a 7-mile reach of Lake Sharpe shoreline near Lower Brule, South Dakota, 2013  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Shoreline erosion rates along Lake Sharpe, a Missouri River reservoir, near the community of Lower Brule, South Dakota, were studied previously during 2011–12 by the U.S. Geological Survey, the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, and Oglala Lakota College. The rapid shoreline retreat has caused many detrimental effects along the shoreline of Lake Sharpe, including losses of cultural sites, recreation access points, wildlife habitat, irrigated cropland, and landmass. The Lower Brule Sioux Tribe is considering options to reduce or stop erosion. One such option for consideration is the placement of discontinuous rock breakwater structures in shallow water to reduce wave action at shore. Information on the depth of water and stability characteristics of bottom material in nearshore areas of Lake Sharpe is needed by the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe to develop structural mitigation alternatives. To help address this need, a bathymetric survey of nearshore areas of Lake Sharpe near Lower Brule, South Dakota, was completed in 2013 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe. HYPACK® hydrographic survey software was used to plan data collection transects for a 7-mile reach of Lake Sharpe shoreline near Lower Brule, South Dakota. Regular data collection transects and oblique transects were planned to allow for quality-assurance/quality-control comparisons. Two methods of data collection were used in the bathymetric survey: (1) measurement from a boat using bathymetric instrumentation where water was more than 2 feet deep, and (2) wading using Real-Time Kinematic Global Navigation Satellite System equipment on shore and where water was shallower than 2 feet deep. A dual frequency, 24- or 200-kilohertz narrow beam, depth transducer was used in conjunction with a Teledyne Odom CV100 dual frequency echosounder for boat-based data collection. In water too shallow for boat navigation, the elevation and nature of the reservoir bottom were mapped using Real-Time Kinematic Global Navigation Satellite System equipment. Once the data collection effort was completed, data editing was performed in HYPACK® to remove erroneous data points and to apply water-surface elevations. Maps were developed separately for water depth and bottom elevation for the study area. Lines of equal water depth for 2, 3, 3.5, 4, and 5 feet from the water surface to the lake bottom were mapped in nearshore areas of Lake Sharpe. Overall, water depths stay shallow for quite a distance from shore. In the 288 transects that crossed a 2 foot depth line, this depth occurred an average of 88 feet from shore. Similarly, in the 317 transects that crossed a 3 foot depth line, this did not occur until an average of 343 feet from shore. Elevation contours of the lake bottom were mapped primarily for elevations ranging from 1,419 to 1,416 feet above North American Vertical Datum of 1988. Horizontal errors of the Real-Time Kinematic Global Navigation Satellite System equipment for the study area are essentially inconsequential because water depth and bottom elevation were determined to change relatively slowly. The estimated vertical error associated with the Real-Time Kinematic Global Navigation Satellite System equipment for the study area ranges from 0.6 to 0.9 inch. This vertical error is small relative to the accuracy of the bathymetric data. Accuracy assessments of the data collected for this study were computed according to the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy. The maps showing the lines of equal water depth and elevation contours of the lake bottom are able to support a 1-foot contour interval at National Standards for Spatial Data Accuracy vertical accuracy standards, which require a vertical root mean squared error of 0.30 foot or better and a fundamental vertical accuracy calculated at the 95-percent confidence level of 0.60 foot or better.

Thompson, Ryan F.

2014-01-01

392

Estimation of Monthly Evaporation from Lake Ashtabula in North Dakota, Orwell Lake in Minnesota, and Lake Traverse in Minnesota and South Dakota, 1931-2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Reservoirs on tributaries of the Red River of the North provide water for Fargo and Grand Forks, N. Dak., and other cities along the river. Adequate estimates of evaporative losses from the reservoirs are needed to determine the total water supply in the Basin. Many equations could be used to estimate lake or reservoir evaporation. However, in addition to measurements of air temperature, the equations require measurements of net radiation, wind speed, and relative humidity. Evaporation and air temperature data from energy budget evaporation sites at Wetland P1 in North Dakota and at Williams Lake in Minnesota are available. Air temperature data collected from climate stations near Lake Ashtabula in North Dakota, from Orwell Lake in Minnesota, and from Lake Traverse in Minnesota and South Dakota also are available. Therefore, the combined data sets were used to estimate monthly evaporation from Lake Ashtabula, Orwell Lake, and Lake Traverse. Averaged monthly mean air temperatures determined for each reservoir study site were used to calculate monthly evaporation data sets for 1931-2001. Results from the procedure that estimates reservoir evaporation indicate that slight downward trends in annual evaporation occurred from 1931-2001. The trends may have been caused by the selected time period of the study, which began with the drought conditions in the mid 1930's and ended with the more wet conditions in the late 1990's. Average annual evaporation values for each reservoir for 1931-2001 correspond well with published average annual lake evaporation values for 1946-55.

Vining, Kevin C.

2003-01-01

393

The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary interval in Badlands National Park, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A marine K-T boundary interval has been identified throughout the Badlands National Park region of South Dakota. Data from marine sediments suggest that deposits from two asteroid impacts (one close, one far away) may be preserved in the Badlands. These impact-generated deposits may represent late Maestrichtian events or possibly the terminal K-T event. Interpretation is supported by paleontological correlation, sequence stratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and strontium isotope geochronology. This research is founded on nearly a decade of NPS approved field work in Badlands National Park and a foundation of previously published data and interpretations. The K-T boundary occurs within or near the base of a stratigraphic interval referred to as the "Interior Zone." We interpret the stratigraphy of the Interior Zone as a series of distinct, recognizable lithologic members and units from oldest to youngest, an upper weathered interval of the Elk Butte Member of the Pierre Shale (early late Maestrichtian), a complete (albeit condensed) interval of Fox Hill Formation, a pedogenically altered K-T Boundary "Disturbed Zone," and a generally unresolved sequence of marine to marginal marine units ranging in age from possibly latest Maestrichtian to late Paleocene (the "Yellow Mounds"), that underlie a basal red clay unit (the late Eocene overbank channel facies of the Chamberlain Pass Formation at the base of the White River Group). Within this sequence is a series of unconformities that all display some degree of subaerial weathering and erosion. The dating of marine fossils above and below these unconformities are in line with generally accepted global sea-level changes recognized for the late Campanian through early Eocene. Within the greater framework of regional geology, these findings support that the Western Interior Seaway and subsequent Cannonball Seaway were dependently linked to the changing base-level controlled by sea-level of the global ocean through the Gulf of Mexico and possibly the Arctic Ocean. The variation of facies preserved in Late Cretaceous strata in the Badlands National Park area were in part controlled by local or regional tectonic blocks that were either rising or sinking contemporaneous with deposition.

Stoffer, Philip W.; Messina, Paula; Chamberlain, John A., Jr.; Terry, Dennis O., Jr.

2001-01-01

394

Nature and timing of the latest Wisconsin advance of the James River lobe, South Dakota  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Glaciation of the James River lobe area in eastern South Dakota (SD) produced several prominent geomorphic features of the Laurentide ice sheet record. During late Wisconsin time, the James lobe advanced southward in the James River lowland, overlapping the Prairie Coteau upland on the east and the Missouri Coteau on the west. The known southern limit of late Wisconsin till is the modern Missouri River Valley between Yankton and Richland, SD. North of the Missouri River, radiocarbon dates on wood in or beneath till from 12 sites in 10 counties of the southern James River lowland range from 12,050 to 12,880 14C yr B.P. and average 12,430 yr B.P. (~14,500 ka cal), with a mean reported uncertainty of 260 yrs. At most of these sites, including two within 20 km of Yankton, the dated wood is in till at depths as great as 58 m or in underlying sand and gravel. The dates are consistent with paleoecologic studies (e.g. Yansa, 2006) that indicate spruce parkland was in this region at that time prior to the glacial readvance. Outcrops of calcite-cemented glacial gravel cut by veins of banded travertine are present on a marginal escarpment of the James River valley, where it is incised into the 30-60-m-thick surface till of the James River lowland about 15 km north of the Missouri River. Twelve robust 230Th/U dates on calcite laminae ranging from 10.5 to 13.5 ka (mean 2s uncertainty of 0.4 ka) indicate that ground-water discharge from glacial-bed aquifers was closely related to the latest Wisconsin advance of the James lobe. Four dates on younger vug-filling calcite between 8.1 and 5.8 ka, as well as modern spring discharge, show decreasing initial 234U/238U with age. Stable-isotope data on dated travertine and modern spring water provide other means for evaluating environments of carbonate precipitation, including subglacial and/or subaerial settings and mixing of surface and ground water associated with ice-sheet dynamics. The 14C dates span the Bolling-Allerod time interval that ice core records show was markedly warmer than preceding glacial conditions. Thus, the late Wisconsin readvance of the James lobe, and similar readvances of the Des Moines and Lake Michigan lobes, may be complex dynamic responses of the Laurentide ice sheet to warming and increased meltwater.

Lundstrom, S. C.; Paces, J. B.; Iles, D.; Cowman, T.

2009-12-01

395

Use of remote sensing techniques for inventorying and planning utilization of land resources in South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic procedures for interpreting remote sensing imagery to rapidly develop general soils and land use inventories were developed and utilized in Pennington County, South Dakota. These procedures and remote sensing data products were illustrated and explained to many user groups, some of whom are interested in obtaining similar data. The general soils data were integrated with land soils data supplied by the county director of equalization to prepare a land value map. A computer print-out of this map indicating a land value for each quarter section is being used in tax reappraisal of Pennington County. The land use data provided the land use planners with the present use of land in Pennington County. Additional uses of remote sensing applications are also discussed including tornado damage assessment, hail damage evaluation, and presentation of soil and land value information on base maps assembled from ERTS-1 imagery.

Myers, V. I.; Frazee, C. J.; Rusche, A. E.; Moore, D. G.; Nelson, G. D.; Westin, F. C.

1974-01-01

396

LANDSAT's role in HUD 701 programs. [New Jersey and South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A survey of states concerning the use of LANDSAT in support of the comprehensive planning assistance program (Title IV, section 701) of the Housing and Community Development Act (1974) which is aimed mostly at small communities and rural counties, shows: (1) state governments used or were aware of the application of LANDSAT for inventorying land use and land cover at the state and local level; (2) use of satellite data was associated with the development of automated geographic information systems and the computer capability of handling and analyzing mapped information and other data tied to geographic coordinates and boundaries; and (3) LANDSAT capabilities in states tend to be institutionalized within state government information services where they can be readily assessed by state agencies. A summary of the state program for New Jersey and South Dakota is presented along with the state development guide plans, the rationale for using the satellite, and potential applications.

1979-01-01

397

Geothermal feasibility-analysis II for Polo School District No. 29-2, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

The feasibility of utilizing a low temperature geothermal resource to heat the Polo High School and the community of Polo, consisting of 17 residential homes, 2 public school buildings, 5 commercial establishments, and the St. Liborius Church/School complex is addressed. Depending upon the availability of a water use permit from the South Dakota Department of Natural Resources and the payback period required for this type of project, there is heat energy in the existing geothermal resource to heat the Polo High School or even the entire community of Polo. The chemical analysis of the water indicates that any heat exchangers used should be stainless steel or thick-walled copper and piping should be plastic. An environmental assessment would be required to consider the disposal of geothermal fluid.

Not Available

1982-03-01

398

Contaminants, water quality, and wildlife mortality on oil production sites in western South Dakota. Interim report  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the study were to evaluate oil pits and other hazards at oil production sites to (1) document the magnitude of wildlife mortality due to exposure to oil and other chemicals, (2) determine the physical and toxic effects of oil pit contents on wildlife, and (3) identify methods to prevent sublethal and lethal impacts to wildlife. Pits at oil production sites in Fall River and Harding Counties of western South Dakota were surveyed for wildlife carcasses by searching the shorelines and raking underwater around the pit edges in April, July, and October 1992. In July, composite water and sediment samples were collected from 26 pits, and analyzed for oil and grease. Bioassays were conducted with two life stages of Hyalella azteca and Daphnia magna to determine pit water toxicity. Seed germination tests were conducted using radish seeds exposed to pit water. Oil and poor water quality appeared to be the primary causes of pit liquid toxicity.

Henry, C.J.; Ruelle, R.

1993-04-01

399

Use of remote sensing technology for inventorying and planning utilization of land resources in South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive land use planning process model is being developed in Meade County, South Dakota, using remote sensing technology. The proper role of remote sensing in the land use planning process is being determined by interaction of remote sensing specialists with local land use planners. The data that were collected by remote sensing techniques are as follows: (1) level I land use data interpreted at a scale of 1:250,000 from false color enlargement prints of ERTS-1 color composite transparencies; (2) detailed land use data interpreted at a scale of 1:24,000 from enlargement color prints of high altitude RB-57 photography; and (3) general soils map interpreted at a scale of 1:250,000 from false color enlargement prints of ERTS-1 color composite transparencies. In addition to use of imagery as an interpretation aid, the utility of using photographs as base maps was demonstrated.

1974-01-01

400

Distribution of boron in the Tip Top pegmatite, Black Hills, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Experimental evidence has shown the importance of boron on the crystallization behavior of granitic systems; however, the intercrystalline and intracrystalline distribution of boron in mineral phases crystallizing from granitic systems is not well documented. The distribution of boron between coexisting phases in the Tip Top pegmatite, South Dakota, is as follows: beryl ca = quartz ca = triphylite ca = montebrasite ca = potassium feldspar < biotite < albite < muscovite < spodumene << tourmaline. The bulk boron content of the Tip Top pegmatite decreases significantly with the termination of tourmaline crystallization. The significant decrease in boron in the inner zones of the pegmatite is consistent with the depletion of boron in the granite melt by either the crystallization of tourmaline from the granitic melt or the partitioning of boron into an exsolved aqueous solutions. 35 references.

Shearer, C.K.; Papike, J.J.

1986-02-01

401

Evaluation of HCMM data for assessing soil moisture and water table depth. [South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Soil moisture in the 0-cm to 4-cm layer could be estimated with 1-mm soil temperatures throughout the growing season of a rainfed barley crop in eastern South Dakota. Empirical equations were developed to reduce the effect of canopy cover when radiometrically estimating the soil temperature. Corrective equations were applied to an aircraft simulation of HCMM data for a diversity of crop types and land cover conditions to estimate the soil moisture. The average difference between observed and measured soil moisture was 1.6% of field capacity. Shallow alluvial aquifers were located with HCMM predawn data. After correcting the data for vegetation differences, equations were developed for predicting water table depths within the aquifer. A finite difference code simulating soil moisture and soil temperature shows that soils with different moisture profiles differed in soil temperatures in a well defined functional manner. A significant surface thermal anomaly was found to be associated with shallow water tables.

Moore, D. G.; Heilman, J. L.; Tunheim, J. A.; Westin, F. C.; Heilman, W. E.; Beutler, G. A.; Ness, S. D. (principal investigators)

1981-01-01

402

Climatic data for the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota, 1983  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Research on the hydrology of the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota, includes study of evaporation. Climatic data needed for energy-budget and mass-transfer evaporation studies that were collected during 1983 include water-surface temperature, sediment temperature, dry-bulb and wet-bulb air temperature, vapor pressure at and above the water surface, wind speed, and short-and long-wave radiation. Data are collected at raft and land stations. (USGS)

Sturrock, A.M.; Hanson, B.A.; Scarborough, J.L.; Winter, T.C.

1987-01-01

403

Climatic data for the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota 1982  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Research on the hydrology of the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota, includes study of evaporation. Presented here are those climatic data needed for energy-budget and mass-transfer evaporation studies, including: water-surface temperature, sediment temperature dry-bulb and wet-bulb air temperatures, vapor pressure at and above the water surface, wind speed, and short- and long-wave radiation. Data were collected at raft and land stations. (USGS)

Sturrock, A.M.; Hanson, B.A.; Scarborough, J.L.; Winter, T.C.

1986-01-01

404

A Resource Inventory of Selected Outcrops Along the White Clay Fault in Southwestern South Dakota  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The White Clay Fault, located in southwestern South Dakota, formed after the Laramide orogeny (65mya) that resulted in the uplift of the Black Hills in western South Dakota and eastern Wyoming. Many of the outcrops along the White Clay Fault are part of the Eocene-Oligocene White River Group (37-26.9 mya), an accumulation of nonmarine sediments composed primarily of tuffaceous mudstones and silty claytones with lesser amounts of kaolinitic sandstones, lacustrine limestones and gypsum. (LaGarry, 1998; LaGarry and LaGarry, 1997). White River Group sediments also consist of volcanic ash from eruptions in the southwestern United States (Larson and Evanoff, 1998). The White Clay Fault lies at the outer boundary of the Black Hills uplift. After the fault formed, the eventual erosion of overlying White River Group materials exposed outcrops of Late Cretaceous Niobrara chalk that formed between 145.5-65.5 mya, at a time when this region was covered by the Western Interior Seaway. The Niobrara Formation consists of chalk and limestone interbedded with marls and shale (Locklear and Sageman, 2008). This poster records a geological and paleontological resource inventory for two selected outcrops that are within a short walking distance of each other along the White Clay Fault. Outcrops on the downside of the fault belongs to the Peanut Peak member of the White River Group, while the outcrops on the upside of the fault belong to the Niobrara Formation; a difference of 60 million years. The selected outcrops are on sensitive land on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation that has never been inventories before due to sovereignty issues. As such, this resource inventory represents one of many initial steps being taken by students and faculty at Oglala Lakota College to determine the geological resources of the Reservation.

Sanovia, L.

2012-12-01

405

Amphibian, reptilian, and avian remains from the Fox Hills Formation (Maastrichtian): Shoreline and estuarine deposits of the Pierre Sea in south-central North Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Although vertebrate fossils, except for fish, are not common in the Maastrichtian Fox Hills Formation, amphibian, reptilian, and avian remains have been recovered at several localities in south-central North Dakota from shoreline facies of the retreating Pierre-Fox Hills seaway. This mixed fauna of aquatic, terrestrial, and marine taxa provides insight into the composition of coastal communities and habitats at the interface between the Hell Creek delta and the Western Interior Seaway. The delta-platform aquatic paleocommunity is represented by the efficient swimming salamanders Opistho- trition kayi and Lisserpeton bairdi, the carnivorous soft-shelled turtle "Aspideretes" sensu lato, the underwater piscivorous predator Champsosaurus laramiensis, and the large, predatory crocodile IBorealosuchus. Terrestrial areas were inhabited by the tortoise-like Basilemys and the predatory dinosaurs Tyrannosaurus and cf. Saurornit- holestes. Birds occupied niches in the warm-temperate to subtropical, forested delta platform and shoreline areas. These nonmarine taxa in the Fox Hills Formation indicate that the geographic range of these animals extended to shoreline areas of the Western Interior Seaway. The toxochelyid turtle Lophochelys and the ambush predators Mosasaurus dekayi and IPlioplatecarpus resided in the shallow marine and estuarine habitats. These taxa and marine fish taxa reported earlier indicate that normal marine conditions in south- central North Dakota persisted into the latest Late Cretaceous in comparison with coeval Hell Creek Formation sites more distal from the Western Interior Seaway. ?? 2007 The Geological Society of America. All rights reserved.

Hoganson, J.W.; Erickson, J.M.; Holland, F.D., Jr.

2007-01-01

406

Simulated Groundwater Flow in the Ogallala and Arikaree Aquifers, Rosebud Indian Reservation Area, South Dakota-Revisions with Data Through Water Year 2008 and Simulations of Potential Future Scenarios  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers are important water resources in the Rosebud Indian Reservation area and are used extensively for irrigation, municipal, and domestic water supplies. Drought or increased withdrawals from the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers in the Rosebud Indian Reservation area have the potential to affect water levels in these aquifers. This report documents revisions and recalibration of a previously published three-dimensional, numerical groundwater-flow model for this area. Data for a 30-year period (water years 1979 through 2008) were used in steady-state and transient numerical simulations of groundwater flow. In the revised model, revisions include (1) extension of the transient calibration period by 10 years, (2) the use of inverse modeling for steady-state calibration, (3) model calibration to base flow for an additional four surface-water drainage basins, (4) improved estimation of transient aquifer recharge, (5) improved delineation of vegetation types, and (6) reduced cell size near large capacity water-supply wells. In addition, potential future scenarios were simulated to assess the potential effects of drought and increased groundwater withdrawals. The model comprised two layers: the upper layer represented the Ogallala aquifer and the lower layer represented the Arikaree aquifer. The model's grid had 168 rows and 202 columns, most of which were 1,640 feet (500 meters) wide, with narrower rows and columns near large water-supply wells. Recharge to the Ogallala and Arikaree aquifers occurs from precipitation on the outcrop areas. The average recharge rates used for the steady-state simulation were 2.91 and 1.45 inches per year for the Ogallala aquifer and Arikaree aquifer, respectively, for a total rate of 255.4 cubic feet per second (ft3/s). Discharge from the aquifers occurs through evapotranspiration, discharge to streams as base flow and spring flow, and well withdrawals. Discharge rates for the steady-state simulation were 171.3 ft3/s for evapotranspiration, 74.4 ft3/s for net outflow to streams and springs, and 11.6 ft3/s for well withdrawals. Estimated horizontal hydraulic conductivity used for the numerical model ranged from 0.2 to 84.4 feet per day (ft/d) in the Ogallala aquifer and from 0.1 to 4.3 ft/d in the Arikaree aquifer. A uniform vertical hydraulic conductivity value of 4.2x10-4 ft/d was estimated for the Ogallala aquifer. Vertical hydraulic conductivity was estimated for five zones in the Arikaree aquifer and ranged from 8.8x10-5 to 3.7 ft/d. Average rates of recharge, maximum evapotranspiration, and well withdrawals were included in the steady-state simulation, whereas the time-varying rates were included in the transient simulation. Inverse modeling techniques were used for steady-state model calibration. These methods were designed to estimate parameter values that are, statistically, the most likely set of values to result in the smallest differences between simulated and observed hydraulic heads and base-flow discharges. For the steady-state simulation, the root mean square error for simulated hydraulic heads for all 383 wells was 27.3 feet. Simulated hydraulic heads were within ?50 feet of observed values for 93 percent of the wells. The potentiometric surfaces of the two aquifers calculated by the steady-state simulation established initial conditions for the transient simulation. For the transient simulation, the difference between the simulated and observed means for hydrographs was within ?40 feet for 98 percent of 44 observation wells. A sensitivity analysis was used to examine the response of the calibrated steady-state model to changes in model parameters including horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivity, evapotranspiration, recharge, and riverbed conductance. The model was most sensitive to recharge and maximum evapotranspiration and least sensitive to riverbed and spring conductances. To simulate a potential future drought scenario, a synthetic

Long, Andrew J.; Putnam, Larry D.

2010-01-01

407

Biology of the flea beetle, Altica carduorum [Col.: Chrysomelidae] on Canada thistle ( Cirsium arvense ) in South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

A laboratory colony of 50 adults ofAltica carduorum\\u000a Guérin-Méneville was established at South Dakota State University. Beetles reared in this colony had an average preoviposition period of 7\\u000a days when exposed to a regular cycle of 16 hr of light (24°C) and 8 hr of darkness (12.7°C). The laboratory reared females,\\u000a whose longevity averaged 100 days, laid an average of

B. D. Schaber; E. U. Balsbaugh; B. H. Kantack

1975-01-01

408

Digital data sets for map products produced as part of the Black Hills Hydrology Study, western South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This compact disk contains digital data produced as part of the 1:100,000-scale map products for the Black Hills Hydrology Study conducted in western South Dakota. The digital data include 28 individual Geographic Information System (GIS) data sets: data sets for the hydrogeologic unit map including all mapped hydrogeologic units within the study area (1 data set) and major geologic structure including anticlines and synclines (1 data set); data sets for potentiometric maps including the potentiometric contours for the Inyan Kara, Minnekahta, Minnelusa, Madison, and Deadwood aquifers (5 data sets), wells used as control points for each aquifer (5 data sets), and springs used as control points for the potentiometric contours (1 data set); and data sets for the structure-contour maps including the structure contours for the top of each formation that contains major aquifers (5 data sets), wells and tests holes used as control points for each formation (5 data sets), and surficial deposits (alluvium and terrace deposits) that directly overlie each of the major aquifer outcrops (5 data sets). These data sets were used to produce the maps published by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Williamson, Joyce E.; Jarrell, Gregory J.; Clawges, Rick M.; Galloway, Joel M.; Carter, Janet M.

2000-01-01

409

Health assessment for Whitewood Creek, Lawrence and Mead Counties, South Dakota, Region 8. CERCLIS No. SD980717136. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

The Whitewood Creek Site is on the National Priorities List. The site, and 18-mile segment of Whitewood Creek, is located in Lawrence and Mead Counties, South Dakota. An estimated 10 billion kilograms of mill tailings are present on-site. Access to the area is unrestricted. Preliminary on-site sampling have identified arsenic (4-780 ppm in ground water, 8 ppm in surface water), cadmium (10 ppm in ground water, 102 ppm in surface water), chromium (19 ppm in ground water), cyanide (10 to 18 ppm in ground water, 2 ppm in surface water), selenium (79 ppm in ground water), lead (308 ppm in surface water). Preliminary off-site soil-sampling results identified arsenic (42 to 440 ppm), cadmium (9 ppm), and copper (412 ppm). Based on available information, the site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of human exposure to hazardous substances. Direct contact and ingestion of contaminated ground water, surface water, soil and sediment are possible human exposure pathways. In addition, inhalation of contaminants entrained in air and ingestion of contaminants that bioaccumulate in the food chain are other potential sources for human exposure.

Not Available

1989-03-15

410

Multivariate Statistical Approach Applied to Sediment Source Tracking Through Quantification and Mineral Identification, Cheyenne River, South Dakota  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Portions of the Cheyenne River are characterized as impaired by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency because of water-quality exceedences. The Cheyenne River watershed includes the Black Hills National Forest and part of the Badlands National Park. Preliminary analysis indicates that the Badlands National Park is a major contributor to the exceedances of the water-quality constituents for total dissolved solids and total suspended solids. Water-quality data have been collected continuously since 2007, and in the second year of collection (2008), monthly grab and passive sediment samplers are being used to collect total suspended sediment and total dissolved solids in both base-flow and runoff-event conditions. In addition, sediment samples from the river channel, including bed, bank, and floodplain, have been collected. These samples are being analyzed at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology's X-Ray Diffraction Lab to quantify the mineralogy of the sediments. A multivariate statistical approach (including principal components, least squares, and maximum likelihood techniques) is applied to the mineral percentages that were characterized for each site to identify the contributing source areas that are causing exceedances of sediment transport in the Cheyenne River watershed. Results of the multivariate analysis demonstrate the likely sources of solids found in the Cheyenne River samples. A further refinement of the methods is in progress that utilizes a conceptual model which, when applied with the multivariate statistical approach, provides a better estimate for sediment sources.

Valder, J.; Kenner, S.; Long, A.

2008-12-01

411

Relations of zoned pegmatites to other pegmatites, granite, and metamorphic rocks in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The pegmatite field and the Harney Peak Granite of the southern Black Hills, South Dakota, form an igneous system that progresses from slightly biotitic muscovite granite through layered pegmatitic granite, with alternating sodic and potassic rocks, to simple plagioclase-quartz-perthite pegmatites, and on to zoned pegmatites. Most of the country rocks are Lower Proterozoic mica schists. At 1700 Ga, intrusion of the Harney Peak Granite created a large dome in these rocks, a thermal aureole with a staurolite, a first sillimanite isograd, and a small area of metamorphism above the second sillimanite isograd. The zoned pegmatites have a strong tendency to occur in clusters, and the types of pegmatites are different in different clusters. A less obvious tendency is a regional zonation in which rare-mineral pegmatites become more abundant and muscovite pegmatites less abundant toward the outskirts of the region. The composition of the granite indicates that its magma originated by partial melting of metasedimentary mica schists similar to those at the present surface. The pegmatitic nature of most of the granite probably reflects exsolution of an aqueous phase. -from Authors

Norton, J.J.; Redden, J.A.

1990-01-01

412

Gold in the Black Hills, South Dakota, and how new deposits might be found  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Of the recorded production of 34,694,552 troy ounces of gold mined in South Dakota through 1971, about 90 percent has come from Precambrian ore bodies in the Homestake mine at Lead in the northern Black Hills. Most of the rest has come from ore deposited in the Deadwood Formation (Cambrian) by hydrothermal replacement during early Tertiary igneous activity. About 99 percent of the total production has been within a radius of 5 miles (8 km) of Lead. Elsewhere, prospecting has been intense, both in the Precambrian rocks, which are exposed over an area 61 by 26 miles (98 by 42 km), and in nearby Paleozoic rocks. All the known ore bodies have been found either at the surface or in subsurface workings of operating mines. Efforts to find totally new deposits have been modest and sporadic; no comprehensive and systematic program has ever been attempted. Obviously, any exploration program should be aimed at finding a new deposit resembling the Homestake in the Precambrian, but discovery in the Deadwood of a new group of ore bodies containing several hundred thousand ounces of gold would certainly be worthwhile. Evidence has long been available that the Deadwood deposits and the Homestake deposit are somehow related. Current opinion is that (1) the Homestake ore is mainly Precambrian, (2) a trivial amount of Homestake ore is Tertiary, (3)gold in Deadwood basal conglomerate is largely of placer origin, and (4) the gold of replacement deposits in the Deadwood and in other rock units came originally from sources similar to the Homestake deposit or its parent materials. Homestake ore is virtually entirely contained in a unit of iron-formation locally known as the Homestake Formation, which seemingly had more gold in the original sediments than similar rocks exposed elsewhere in the Black Hills. Gold, sulfur, and other constituents were subsequently concentrated in ore shoots in zones of dilation caused by cross folds that deformed earlier major folds. These ore shoots are in metamorphic rocks of a grade just above the garnet isograd, in a zone where the principal iron-magnesium mineral of the iron-formation changes from a carbonate (sideroplesite) to a silicate (cummingtonite). This metamorphic reaction would release carbon dioxide to the fluid that presumably formed the ore bodies. In short, three controls over localization of the ore have been identified: (1) the cross folds; (2) the so-called Homestake Formation, which passes beneath Paleozoic rocks north of Lead and has not been proved to reappear anywhere else in the Black Hills (Other units of iron-formation less enriched in gold might locally become more like the Homestake Formation beneath the cover of Paleozoic rocks.}; (3} proximity to the garnet isograd--nearly all the exposed Precambrian rocks in the Black Hills are at a metamorphic grade higher than this isograd--and occurrence of this isograd zone mostly beneath Paleozoic rocks. In searching for new deposits, one can guess from existing data where Precambrian rocks of suitable nature may be concealed. The usefulness of such guesses can be increased if they are made with information about the distribution of gold in younger rocks. Gold in the Deadwood basal conglomerate would be the simplest indicator of a deposit once exposed on the pre-Deadwood surface. Tertiary replacement deposits in the Deadwood or other rocks, which obtained their gold from Precambrian sources that may be nearby or far away, can also be helpful; they, like anomalies found by geochemical sampling, at least outline the regions of mineralizing activity. A suitable approach to exploration is to make a thorough study of the stratigraphy, the structure, and the metals geochemistry of the Deadwood Formation and associated rocks, chiefly in the northern Black Hills but to a lesser extent elsewhere in localities where the Precambrian geology seems promising and where gold has been found nearby. Such a program, even if it does not yield

Norton, James Jennings

1974-01-01

413

Government Draw Bentonite Beds: a newly identified stratigraphic marker in the Virgin Creek Member of the Pierre Shale, central South Dakota ( USA).  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A grouping of four bentonite beds, herein named the Government Draw Bentonite Beds, is identified as a stratigraphic marker within the Virgin Creek Member of the Pierre Shale. The beds are found west of Pierre, South Dakota, over an area of at least 130 mi2 (210 km2) where no other markers within the Virgin Creek Member have been identified. In this area, the Government Draw is a potential tool needed to determine the stratigraphic and structural relationships within the upper part of the Pierre Shale, heretofore little known. A better understanding of structural elements found in the Pierre Shale is needed to unravel the Late Cretaceous and younger geologic history of the area. -Authors

Nichols, T.C., Jr.; Chleborad, A.F.; Collins, D.S.

1987-01-01

414

Traditional Geology Field Camp: A capstone course at South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (BHNSFS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Black Hills Natural Sciences Field Station (BHNSFS) has provided field training in geology and geological engineering for more than 40 years, and since the 1980's as a consortium serving five schools with South Dakota School of Mines and Technology as the coordinator. The traditional summer geology field camp is a five week long, intense program aimed to prepare students for subsequent professional geologic experiences. It is delivered from two separate facilities, one in the Black Hills (South Dakota) from a beautiful log lodge along Sand Creek, in eastern Wyoming, and a second from the town of Taskesti along the North Anatolian fault approximately 200 km east of Istanbul, Turkey. At both locations, the courses maintain a strong emphasis on basic field applications, including the use of GPS as a mapping tool in most exercises. The preparation of well-written reports, based on field descriptions supplemented by research on the web or through published documents, is strongly emphasized. Projects at the Black Hills field camp includes mapping of Precambrian basement, Paleozoic stratigraphy, and Laramide Tertiary plutons and structural features as welll as post-Laramide,, faulted continental strata. The popular Taskesti field camp utilizes the diverse geology of the Tethyan realm, as well as the culture and history, of central Turkey (Anatolia). The course is based at a Turkish Government Earthquake Research Center facility along the North Anatolian fault. Students examine and map selected locations across the Izmir-Ankara suture including: 1) Deformed Cretaceous and Tertiary carbonate and clastic strata of the Sakarya micro-continent in a fore-arc basin; 2) Marble and skarn surrounding Eocene, subduction-related granite intruded into a passive margin sequence in the Sivrihisar region of central Anatolia; 3) Faulted and folded Neogene strata in the northern flank of the post-Tethyan, Haymana Basin and the contrasting terrains across the North Anatolian fault (J/K carbonate and clastic strata juxtaposed against amphibolite grade metamorphic and ophiolitic complexes) Student comments during and after field camp support full immersion into a traditional summer geology field camp as an unforgettable experience (life changing in some cases) -- everyone who dreams to be a geologist should have a chance to taste it.

Uzunlar, N.; Lisenbee, A. L.

2012-12-01

415

Failure to identify alveolar echinococcosis in trappers from South Dakota in spite of high prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in wild canids.  

PubMed

Echinococcus multilocularis causes a rare but potentially lethal zoonotic disease in humans. This tapeworm has been known to be endemic in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and coyotes (Canis latrans) within the northern United States since the 1960s. One purpose of this study was to provide recent data on the prevalence of E. multilocularis in foxes and coyotes from eastern South Dakota. In a survey conducted from 1987 to 1991 and involving 137 foxes and 9 coyotes from this area, 74.5% of the foxes and 4 of the coyotes were infected. To assess the possible prevalence of alveolar echinococcosis in a group at presumptive high risk, we also conducted a serological survey of members of the South Dakota Trappers Association in 1990 and 1991. Serum samples from 115 trappers were evaluated for the presence of E. multilocularis antibodies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests involving a purified antigen called Em2, a crude E. multilocularis antigen, and a recombinant E. multilocularis antigen called II/3-10. None of the trappers showed antibody evidence for the presence of E. multilocularis. Roughly half of the surveyed individuals had trapped more than 50 foxes during their life, and almost one-fourth had trapped more than 1,000 foxes. PMID:10701567

Hildreth, M B; Sriram, S; Gottstein, B; Wilson, M; Schantz, P M

2000-02-01

416

South Dakota Space Grant Consortium: Balancing Indigenous Earth System and Space Science with Western/Contemporary Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The South Dakota Space Grant Consortium (SDSGC) was established March 1, 1991 by a NASA Capability Enhancement Grant. Since that time SDSGC has worked to provide earth system and space science education, outreach and services to all students across South Dakota. South Dakota has nine tribes and five Tribal Colleges. This has presented a tremendous opportunity to develop sustainable equitable partnerships and collaborations. SDSGC believes strongly in developing programs and activities that highlight and reinforce the balance of Indigenous science and ways of knowing with current findings in Western/Contemporary Science. This blending of science and culture creates a learning community where individuals especially students, can gain confidence and pride in their unique skills and abilities. Universities are also witnessing the accomplishments and achievements of students who are able to experience a tribal environment and then carry that experience to a college/university/workplace and significantly increase the learning achievement of all. The presentation will highlight current Tribal College and Tribal Community partnerships with the Rosebud Sioux Reservation (Sinte Gleska University), Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (Oglala Lakota College), Standing Rock Sioux Reservation (Sitting Bull College) and Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation (Si Tanka) amongst others. Programs and activities to be explained during the presentation include but not limited to: NASA Workforce Native Connections, Scientific Knowledge for Indian Learning and Leadership (SKILL), NSF "Bridges to Success" Summer Research Program, NSF "Fire Ecology" Summer Research Experience, as well as geospatial and space science programs for students and general community members. The presentation will also cover the current initiatives underway through NASA Workforce Development. These include: partnering with the Annual He Sapa Wacipi (Black Hills Pow Wow - attendance of 14,000 Natives) to host Native Space Days 2005 (October 2005), NASA research and internship programs, and the NASA Student Fellowship Summit. An overview of recent American Indian student success will conclude the presentation. The South Dakota School of Mines and Technology has struggled over many years to develop and implement sustainable successful initiatives with Tribal Colleges and Communities. The motivating philosophy is the betterment of all people in South Dakota and the nation through developing a worldview and understanding of the integrated nature of all things, especially earth system and space science. If people are provided equity and access, there is no limit to what they can accomplish. SDSM&T in the last three years has graduated nineteen Natives with degrees in engineering, many of those students Tribal College transfers. This is a significant increase, as only forty Natives had graduated from SDSM&T between the years of 1970 and 2000. SDSM&T has seen a number of "historical firsts" in the past five years. We see this as being a direct result of creating for students an educational philosophy and process where Indigenous understanding and connections become the foundation on which to build a STEM degree program. NASA's presence on the SDSM&T campus and in South Dakota has provided the necessary focus and encouragement for success to take place. We are building bridges in South Dakota and the builders are from Indian Country.

Bolman, J.; Nall, J.

2005-05-01

417

Evaluation of Skylab (EREP) data for forest and rangeland surveys. [Georgia, South Dakota, Colorado, and California  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Four widely separated sites (near Augusta, Georgia; Lead, South Dakota; Manitou, Colorado; and Redding, California) were selected as typical sites for forest inventory, forest stress, rangeland inventory, and atmospheric and solar measurements, respectively. Results indicated that Skylab S190B color photography is good for classification of Level 1 forest and nonforest land (90 to 95 percent correct) and could be used as a data base for sampling by small and medium scale photography using regression techniques. The accuracy of Level 2 forest and nonforest classes, however, varied from fair to poor. Results of plant community classification tests indicate that both visual and microdensitometric techniques can separate deciduous, conifirous, and grassland classes to the region level in the Ecoclass hierarchical classification system. There was no consistency in classifying tree categories at the series level by visual photointerpretation. The relationship between ground measurements and large scale photo measurements of foliar cover had a correlation coefficient of greater than 0.75. Some of the relationships, however, were site dependent.

Aldrich, R. C. (principal investigator); Dana, R. W.; Greentree, W. J.; Roberts, E. H.; Norick, N. X.; Waite, T. H.; Francis, R. E.; Driscoll, R. S.; Weber, F. P.

1975-01-01

418

Mordenite and montmorillonite alteration of glass structures in a rhyolite pipe, northern Black Hills, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Green structures, 0.5 to 1.5 in. across, occur in a Tertiary rhyolite pipe in the northern Black Hills, South Dakota. The structures are of two types: angular to ellipsoidal masses and stretched or smeared structures. Thin section analysis revealed that those of the first type are massive, with no internal structure, and those of the second type are cellular and have classic flame structure characteristics. XRD indicated the composition to be a mixture of secondary mordenite (a zeolite) and montmorillonite. The first type is interpreted to be deuterically altered vitrophyre clasts and the second type to be altered vesicular structures produced by degassing of the magma in the pipe. Chemical analysis of the alteration material indicates a loss of alkalies and silica, with an increase in water, CaO, MgO and ferric iron when compared to the composition of fresh vitrophyre from the same pipe. The changes are in agreement with experimental work on the alteration of rhyolitic glass by a number of researchers. This is the first occurrence of mordenite reported for the Black Hills.

Kirchner, J.G. (Illinois State Univ., Normal (United States))

1991-10-01

419

Bovine viral diarrhea virus multiorgan infection in two white-tailed deer in southeastern South Dakota.  

PubMed

The susceptibility of wild ruminants, especially cervids, to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) has remained an enigma. Two white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were submitted to the Animal Disease Research and Diagnostic Laboratory (ADRDL) in the fall of 2003 by the South Dakota Game Fish and Parks for chronic wasting disease (CWD) testing. Both animals were CWD negative. The animals were necropsied and histopathology, viral antigen detection, and virus isolation were performed. A noncytopathic (NCP) BVDV was isolated from the lungs and several other tissues of both animals. Formalin-fixed ear notches from both animals were positive for BVDV antigen by immunohistochemistry. The BVDV isolates were typed with the use of polymerase chain reaction in 5' untranslated region (UTR) and one isolate was typed a Type 2a and the other a Type 1b. Future field surveys to determine the incidence of BVDV along with experimental studies to determine if white-tailed deer fawns can be persistently infected with BVDV are needed. PMID:18689667

Chase, Christopher C L; Braun, Lyle J; Leslie-Steen, Pamela; Graham, Tanya; Miskimins, Dale; Ridpath, Julia F

2008-07-01

420

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-three. South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of South Dakota governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

421

Associations between iron concentration and productivity in montane streams of the Black Hills, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Iron is an important micronutrient found in aquatic systems that can influence nutrient availability (e.g., phosphorus) and primary productivity. In streams, high iron concentrations often are associated with low pH as a result of acid mine drainage, which is known to affect fish and invertebrate communities. Streams in the Black Hills of South Dakota are generally circumneutral in pH, yet select streams exhibit high iron concentrations associated with natural iron deposits. In this study, we examined relationships among iron concentration, priphyton biomass, macroinvertebrate abundance, and fish assemblages in four Black Hills streams. The stream with the highest iron concentration (~5 mg Fe/L) had reduced periphyton biomass, invertebrate abundance, and fish biomass compared to the three streams with lower iron levels (0.1 to 0.6 mg Fe/L). Reduced stream productivity was attributed to indirect effects of ferric iron Fe+++), owing to iron-hydroxide precipitation that influenced habitat quality (i.e., substrate and turbidity) and food availability (periphyton and invertebrates) for higher trophic levels (e.g., fish). Additionally, reduced primary and secondary production was associated with reduced standing stocks of salmonid fishes. Our findings suggested that naturally occurring iron deposits may constrain macroinvertebrate and fish production.

Hayer, Cari Ann; Holcomb, Benjamin M.; Chipps, Steven R.

2013-01-01

422

Knowledge and Screening of Head and Neck Cancer Among American Indians in South Dakota.  

PubMed

Objectives. We established the level of awareness of risk factors and early symptoms of head and neck cancer among American Indians in South Dakota and determined whether head and neck cancer screening detected clinical findings in this population. Methods. We used the European About Face survey. We added questions about human papillomavirus, a risk factor for head and neck cancer, and demographics. Surveys were administered at 2 public events in 2011. Participants could partake in a head and neck cancer screening at the time of survey administration. Results. Of the 205 American Indians who completed the survey, 114 participated in the screening. Mean head and neck cancer knowledge scores were 26 out of 44. Level of education was the only factor that predicted higher head and neck cancer knowledge (b?=?0.90; P?=?.01). Nine (8%) people had positive head and neck cancer screening examination results. All abnormal clinical findings were in current or past smokers (P?=?.06). Conclusions. There are gaps in American Indian knowledge of head and neck cancer risk factors and symptoms. Community-based head and neck cancer screening in this population is feasible and may be a way to identify early abnormal clinical findings in smokers. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print October 16, 2014: e1-e6. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302177). PMID:25320895

Dwojak, Sunshine; Deschler, Daniel; Sargent, Michele; Emerick, Kevin; Guadagnolo, B Ashleigh; Petereit, Daniel

2014-10-16

423

Estimation of potential scour at bridges on local government roads in South Dakota, 2009-12  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2009, the U.S. Geological Survey and South Dakota Department of Transportation (SDDOT) began a study to estimate potential scour at selected bridges on local government (county, township, and municipal) roads in South Dakota. A rapid scour-estimation method (level-1.5) and a more detailed method (level-2) were used to develop estimates of contraction, abutment, and pier scour. Data from 41 level-2 analyses completed for this study were combined with data from level-2 analyses completed in previous studies to develop new South Dakota-specific regression equations: four regional equations for main-channel velocity at the bridge contraction to account for the widely varying stream conditions within South Dakota, and one equation for head change. Velocity data from streamgages also were used in the regression for average velocity through the bridge contraction. Using these new regression equations, scour analyses were completed using the level-1.5 method on 361 bridges on local government roads. Typically, level-1.5 analyses are completed at flows estimated to have annual exceedance probabilities of 1 percent (100-year flood) and 0.2 percent (500-year flood); however, at some sites the bridge would not pass these flows. A level-1.5 analysis was then completed at the flow expected to produce the maximum scour. Data presented for level-1.5 scour analyses at the 361 bridges include contraction, abutment, and pier scour. Estimates of potential contraction scour ranged from 0 to 32.5 feet for the various flows evaluated. Estimated potential abutment scour ranged from 0 to 40.9 feet for left abutments, and from 0 to 37.7 feet for right abutments. Pier scour values ranged from 2.7 to 31.6 feet. The scour depth estimates provided in this report can be used by the SDDOT to compare with foundation depths at each bridge to determine if abutments or piers are at risk of being undermined by scour at the flows evaluated. Replicate analyses were completed at 24 of the 361 bridges to provide quality-assurance/quality-control measures for the level-1.5 scour estimates. An attempt was made to use the same flows among replicate analyses. Scour estimates do not necessarily have to be in numerical agreement to give the same results. For example, if contraction scour replicate analyses are 18.8 and 30.8 feet, both scour depths can indicate susceptibility to scour for which countermeasures may be needed, even though one number is much greater than the other number. Contraction scour has perhaps the greatest potential for being estimated differently in replicate visits. For contraction scour estimates at the various flows analyzed, differences between results ranged from -7.8 to 5.5 feet, with a median difference of 0.4 foot and an average difference of 0.2 foot. Abutment scour appeared to be nearly as reproducible as contraction scour. For abutment scour estimates at the varying flows analyzed, differences between results ranged from -17.4 to 11 feet, with a median difference of 1.4 feet and an average difference of 1.7 feet. Estimates of pier scour tended to be the most consistently reproduced in replicate visits, with differences between results ranging from -0.3 to 0.5 foot, with a median difference of 0.0 foot and an average difference of 0.0 foot. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydraulics Engineering Center River Analysis Systems (HEC-RAS) software package was used to model stream hydraulics at the 41 sites with level-2 analyses. Level-1.5 analyses also were completed at these sites, and the performance of the level-1.5 method was assessed by comparing results to those from the more rigorous level-2 method. The envelope curve approach used in the level-1.5 method is designed to overestimate scour relative to the estimate from the level-2 scour analysis. In cases where the level-1.5 method estimated less scour than the level-2 method, the amount of underestimation generally was less than 3 feet. The level-1.5 method generally overestimated contraction, abutment, and pier scour relative to the level-2 method, as intended. Although the leve

Thompson, Ryan F.; Wattier, Chelsea M.; Liggett, Richard R.; Truax, Ryan A.

2014-01-01

424

Spearfish High School, Sparfish, South Dakota solar energy system performance evaluation, September 1980-June 1981  

SciTech Connect

Spearfish High School in South Dakota contains 43,000 square feet of conditioned space. Its active solar energy system is designed to supply 57% of the space heating and 50% of the hot water demand. The system is equipped with 8034 square feet of flat plate collectors, 4017 cubic feet of rock bin sensible heat storage, and auxiliary equipment including 8 heat pumps, 6 of which are solar supplied and instrumented, air conditioning units, and natural-gas-fired boilers. Performance data are given for the system including the solar fraction, solar savings ratio, conventional fuel savings, system performance factor and solar system coefficient of performance. Insolation, solar energy utilization and operation data are also given. The performance of the collector, storage, domestic hot water and space heating subsystems, the operating energy, energy savings, and weather conditions are also evaluated. Appended are a system description, performance evaluation techniques and equations, site history, long-term weather data, sensor technology, and typical monthly data. (LEW)

Howard, B.D.

1981-01-01

425

Conceptual and numerical models of the glacial aquifer system north of Aberdeen, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This U.S. Geological Survey report documents a conceptual and numerical model of the glacial aquifer system north of Aberdeen, South Dakota, that can be used to evaluate and manage the city of Aberdeen's water resources. The glacial aquifer system in the model area includes the Elm, Middle James, and Deep James aquifers, with intervening confining units composed of glacial till. The Elm aquifer ranged in thickness from less than 1 to about 95 feet (ft), with an average thickness of about 24 ft; the Middle James aquifer ranged in thickness from less than 1 to 91 ft, with an average thickness of 13 ft; and the Deep James aquifer ranged in thickness from less than 1 to 165 ft, with an average thickness of 23 ft. The confining units between the aquifers consisted of glacial till and ranged in thickness from 0 to 280 ft. The general direction of groundwater flow in the Elm aquifer in the model area was from northwest to southeast following the topography. Groundwater flow in the Middle James aquifer was to the southeast. Sparse data indicated a fairly flat potentiometric surface for the Deep James aquifer. Horizontal hydraulic conductivity for the Elm aquifer determined from aquifer tests ranged from 97 to 418 feet per day (ft/d), and a confined storage coefficient was determined to be 2.4x10-5. Estimates of the vertical hydraulic conductivity of the sediments separating the Elm River from the Elm aquifer, determined from the analysis of temperature gradients, ranged from 0.14 to 2.48 ft/d. Average annual precipitation in the model area was 19.6 inches per year (in/yr), and agriculture was the primary land use. Recharge to the Elm aquifer was by infiltration of precipitation through overlying outwash, lake sediments, and glacial till. The annual recharge for the model area, calculated by using a soil-water-balance method for water year (WY) 1975-2009, ranged from 0.028 inch in WY 1980 to 4.52 inches in WY 1986, with a mean of 1.56 inches. The annual potential evapotranspiration, calculated in soil-water-balance analysis, ranged from 21.8 inches in WY 1983 to 27.0 inches in WY 1985, with a mean of 24.6 inches. Water use from the glacial aquifer system primarily was from the Elm aquifer for irrigation, municipal, and suburban water supplies, and the annual rate ranged from 1.0 to 2.4 cubic feet per second (ft3/s). The MODFLOW-2005 numerical model represented the Elm aquifer, the Middle James aquifer, and the Deep James aquifer with model layers 1-3 respectively separated by confining layers 1-2 respectively. Groundwater flow was simulated with 75 stress periods beginning October 1, 1974, and ending September 30, 2009. Model grid spacing was 200 by 200 ft and boundaries were represented by specified-head boundaries and no-flow boundaries. The model used parameter estimation that focused on minimizing the difference between 954 observed and simulated hydraulic heads for 135 wells. Calibrated mean horizontal hydraulic conductivity values for model layers 1-3 were 94, 41, and 30 ft/d respectively. Vertical hydraulic conductivity values for confining layers 1 and 2 were 0.0002 and 0.0003 ft/d, respectively. Calibrated specific yield for model layer 1was 0.1 and specific storage ranged from 0.0003 to 0.0005 per foot. Calibrated mean recharge rates ranged from 2.5 in/yr where glacial till thickness was less than 10 ft to 0.8 in/yr where glacial till thickness was greater than 30 ft. Calibrated mean annual evapotranspiration rate was 8.8 in/yr. Simulated net streamflow gain from model layer 1 was 3.1 ft3/s.

Marini, Katrina A.; Hoogestraat, Galen K.; Aurand, Katherine R.; Putnam, Larry D.

2012-01-01

426

Assessment of Pharmacists' Perception of Patient Care Competence and Need for Training in Rural and Urban Areas in North Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Few studies have examined pharmacists' level of patient care competence and need for continuous professional development in rural areas. Purpose: To assess North Dakota pharmacists' practice setting, perceived level of patient care competencies, and the need for professional development in urban and rural areas. Methods: A survey was…

Scott, David M.

2010-01-01

427

Fluvial baselevel changes in the lower part of the White River Group, Eocene-Oligocene, Badlands of South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

The Chamberlain Pass Formation (CPF) is a Middle( ) to Late Eocene fluvial unit that represents the lower part of the White River Group in western South Dakota. The CPF consists of multistory channel sandstone and overbank mudstone, both overprinted by a distinctive paleosol unit, the Interior Paleosol Series. The CPF thickens from west to east, to a maximum channel-belt thickness [ge] 11 m. Paleoflow data indicates that deposition of the CPF was restricted to an asymmetric basin controlled by faults trending Se, away from the Black Hills uplift. Sandstones in the CPF contain a suite of resistant minerals derived from a recycled sedimentary rock source area. In contrast, the overlying Chadron Formation contains a suite of minerals and rock fragments consistent with a source area from the igneous and metamorphic core rocks of the Black Hills uplift. The deposition of the CPF brackets four significant changes in relative baselevel that occurred in this region during the Paleogene: (1) Late Cretaceous to Middle( ) Eocene baselevel fall, weathering and erosion of the Cretaceous Pierre Shale to form the Yellow Mounds Paleosol, and fluvial incision; (2) Middle( ) to Late Eocene baselevel rise and deposition of the CPF; (3) Late Eocene baselevel fall, weathering and erosion of the CPF to form the Interior Paleosol, and fluvial incision; and (4) late Eocene to Oligocene baselevel rise and deposition of the Chadron formation. The first event was eustatic, the second was controlled primarily by subsidence in a fault-controlled basin, the third records tectonic uplift and unroofing of the Black Hills, and the fourth was controlled by a combination of eustatic, tectonic, and paleoclimatic factors.

Evans, J.E. (Bowling Green State Univ., OH (United States). Dept. of Geology); Terry, D.O. Jr. (Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1992-01-01

428

Estimation of flood flows on the Big Sioux River between Akron, Iowa, and North Sioux City, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents estimated flood flows for specified frequencies at selected locations on the Big Sioux River between the Akron, Iowa, streamflow-gaging station and North Sioux City, South Dakota. The selected locations include: at the Akron gaging station, downstream from the Richland-Westfield Creek Basins, downstream from the Brule Creek Basin, downstream from the Upper West Boundary Big Ditch and Rock Creek Basins, downstream from Broken Kettle Basin, and downstream from North Sioux City. The flood flows for the 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year recurrence intervals will be used to support a Federal Emergency Management Agency Flood Insurance Study. Four methods were used to estimate the flood flows. The first method involved the use of drainage-area ratios raised to specified exponents to transfer the flood-frequency relation from the Akron gage to the selected downstream locations. The second method was a flood-frequency analysis based on a summation of the Akron gaging-station peak flows and concurrent tributary daily flows from within the various study reaches. The third method was an independence/dependence analysis of the Akron gaging-station flows and the tributary flows from the various study reaches. The fourth method was a flood-frequency analysis assuming complete dependence of the Akron peak flows and the tributary peak flows from the various study reaches. Based on the various analyses that were done, the drainage-area-ratio method best estimated the flood flows for the Akron to North Sioux City reach of the Big Sioux River. The best estimates of 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year flood flows at the location downstream from North Sioux City are 35,300, 70,400, 89,100, and 142,000 cubic feet per second, respectively.

Niehus, C.A.

1996-01-01

429

Aquifer test to determine hydraulic properties of the Elm aquifer near Aberdeen, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Elm aquifer, which consists of sandy and gravelly glacial-outwash deposits, is present in several counties in northeastern South Dakota. An aquifer test was conducted northeast of Aberdeen during the fall of 1999 to determine the hydraulic properties of the Elm aquifer in that area. An improved understanding of the properties of the aquifer will be useful in the possible development of the aquifer as a water resource. Historical water-level data indicate that the saturated thickness of the Elm aquifer can change considerably over time. From September 1977 through November 1985, water levels at three wells completed in the Elm aquifer near the aquifer test site varied by 5.1 ft, 9.50 ft, and 11.1 ft. From June 1982 through October 1999, water levels at five wells completed in the Elm aquifer near the aquifer test site varied by 8.7 ft, 11.4 ft, 13.2 ft, 13.8 ft, and 19.7 ft. The water levels during the fall of 1999 were among the highest on record, so the aquifer test was affected by portions of the aquifer being saturated that might not be saturated during drier times. The aquifer test was conducted using five existing wells that had been installed prior to this study. Well A, the pumped well, has an operating irrigation pump and is centrally located among the wells. Wells B, C, D, and E are about 70 ft, 1,390 ft, 2,200 ft, and 3,100 ft, respectively, in different directions from Well A. Using vented pressure transducers and programmable data loggers, water-level data were collected at the five wells prior to, during, and after the pumping, which started on November 19, 1999, and continued a little over 72 hours. Based on available drilling logs, the Elm aquifer near the test area was assumed to be unconfined. The Neuman (1974) method theoretical response curves that most closely match the observed water-level changes at Wells A and B were calculated using software (AQTESOLV for Windows Version 2.13-Professional) developed by Glenn M. Duffield of HydroSOLVE, Inc. These best fit theoretical response curves are based on a transmissivity of 24,000 ft2/d or a hydraulic conductivity of about 600 ft/d, a storage coefficient of 0.05, a specific yield of 0.42, and vertical hydraulic conductivity equal to horizontal hydraulic conductivity. The theoretical type curves match the observed data fairly closely at Wells A and B until about 2,500 minutes and 1,000 minutes, respectively, after pumping began. The increasing rate of drawdown after these breaks is an indication that a no-flow boundary (an area with much lower hydraulic conductivity) likely was encountered and that Wells A and B may be completed in a part of the Elm aquifer with limited hydraulic connection to the rest of the aquifer. Additional analysis indicates that if different assumptions regarding the screened interval for Well B and aquifer anisotropy are used, type curves can be calculated that fit the observed data using a lower specific yield that is within the commonly accepted range. When the screened interval for Well B was reduced to 5 ft near the top of the aquifer and horizontal hydraulic conductivity was set to 20 times vertical hydraulic conductivity, the type curves calculated using a specific yield of 0.1 and a transmissivity of 30,200 ft2/d also matched the observed data from Wells A and B fairly well. A version of the Theim equilibrium equation was used to calculate the theoretical drawdown in an idealized unconfined aquifer when a perfectly efficient well is being pumped at a constant rate. These calculations were performed for a range of pumping rates, drawdowns at the wells, and distances between wells that might be found in a production well field in the Elm aquifer. Although the aquifer test indicates that hydraulic conductivity near the well may be adequate to support a production well, the comparison of drawdown and recovery curves indicates the possibility that heterogeneities may limit the productive capacity of specific loca

Schaap, Bryan D.

2000-01-01

430

Patterns and mechanisms of heat transport in the northern Denver Basin: Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Finite difference simulations of the hydrothermal system of the northern Denver Basin are suggestive of a correlation between anomalous heat flux and the presence of faults and structural lineaments mapped in the region. Geothermal, hydrogeological, lithological, and structural data available for the northern Denver Basin were compiled and analyzed in an effort to determine the hydrothermal mechanisms responsible for observed heat flow anomalies in the study area. Measurement of thermal conductivity was conducted for 82 solid core samples and 60 unconsolidated samples from drill cuttings, yielding a harmonic mean thermal conductivity value of 1.52 +/- 0.91W m-1 K -1 for the stratigraphic column of the study area. A total of 929 thermal gradient values compiled from several databases were incorporated with thermal conductivity data to produce a heat flow map of the study area, delineating prominent areas of anomalous heat flux. Data was processed using finite difference simulation software (Hydrotherm Interactive) developed by the U.S. Geological Survey for the purposes of modeling and predicting heat and fluid transport in porous media. Two-dimensional cross-sectional models were calibrated using heat flow profiles and available potentiometric surface data for the Madison and Dakota aquifers in the region. Although calibrated models resulted in accurate simulations of non-anomalous heat flow profiles, anomalous heat flow highs were not reproduced. Acknowledging the existence of several major faults and numerous structural lineaments documented in the study area, vertical pathways of fluid flow were added to simulations to recreate the effect of such structural features. Models which incorporated a hypothetical linear fracture sufficiently accounted for previous discrepancies, and indicate probable upward advective flow through existing vertical fractures.

Ochsner, Aaron Thomas

431

Analyses of flood-flow frequency for selected gaging stations in South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Analyses of flood flow frequency were made for 111 continuous-record gaging stations in South Dakota with 10 or more years of record. The analyses were developed using the log-Pearson Type III procedure recommended by the U.S. Water Resources Council. The procedure characterizes flood occurrence at a single site as a sequence of annual peak flows. The magnitudes of the annual peak flows are assumed to be independent random variables following a log-Pearson Type III probability distribution, which defines the probability that any single annual peak flow will exceed a specified discharge. By considering only annual peak flows, the flood-frequency analysis becomes the estimation of the log-Pearson annual-probability curve using the record of annual peak flows at the site. The recorded data are divided into two classes: systematic and historic. The systematic record includes all annual peak flows determined in the process of conducting a systematic gaging program at a site. In this program, the annual peak flow is determined for each and every year of the program. The systematic record is intended to constitute an unbiased and representative sample of the population of all possible annual peak flows at the site. In contrast to the systematic record, the historic record consists of annual peak flows that would not have been determined except for evidence indicating their unusual magnitude. Flood information acquired from historical sources almost invariably refers to floods of noteworthy, and hence extraordinary, size. Although historic records form a biased and unrepresentative sample, they can be used to supplement the systematic record. (Author 's abstract)

Benson, R.D.; Hoffman, E.B.; Wipf, V.J.

1985-01-01

432

Close relationship between the 2009 H1N1 virus and South Dakota AIV strains.  

PubMed

Although previous publications suggest the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus was reassorted from swine viruses of North America and Eurasia, the immediate ancestry still remains elusive due to the big evolutionary distance between the 2009 H1N1 virus and the previously isolated strains. Since the unveiling of the 2009 H1N1 influenza, great deal of interest has been drawn to influenza, consequently a large number of influenza virus sequences have been deposited into the public sequence databases. Blast analysis demonstrated that the recently submitted 2007 South Dakota avian influenza virus strains and other North American avian strains contained genetic segments very closely related to the 2009 H1N1 virus, which suggests these avian influenza viruses are very close relatives of the 2009 H1N1 virus. Phylogenetic analyses also indicate that the 2009 H1N1 viruses are associated with both avian and swine influenza viruses circulating in North America. Since the migrating wild birds are preferable to pigs as the carrier to spread the influenza viruses across vast distances, it is very likely that birds played an important role in the inter-continental evolution of the 2009 H1N1 virus. It is essential to understand the evolutionary route of the emerging influenza virus in order to find a way to prevent further emerging cases. This study suggests the close relationship between 2009 pandemic virus and the North America avian viruses and underscores enhanced surveillance of influenza in birds for understanding the evolution of the 2009 pandemic influenza. PMID:21331891

Li, Cun; An, Xiao-ping; Mi, Zhi-qiang; Liu, Da-bin; Jiang, Huan-huan; Pan, Bo; Wang, Sheng; Chen, Bin; Tong, Yi-gang

2011-02-01

433

Evaluation of a total dissolved solids model in comparison to actual field data measurements in the Cheyenne River, South Dakota, U.S.A.  

PubMed

During the summers of 2002 and 2004, in-stream integrated flow and concentration measurements for the total dissolved solids in the Cheyenne River, South Dakota, USA was conducted in order to compare the obtained actual field measurements with the predictions values made by the Bureau of Reclamation in the Environmental Impact Statement. In comparison to the actual field measurements conducted in this study, The Bureau of Reclamation extension of a small database used in the analysis for the impact of operations at the Angostura Unit over the past 50 years and into the future to predict the annual total dissolved solid loadings doesn't represent the actual loading values and various conditions in the study area. Additional integrated flow and concentration sampling is required to characterize the impact of the current Angostura Dam operations and Angostura Irrigation District return flows on the Cheyenne River in different seasons of the year. PMID:16917716

Berdanier, Bruce W; Ziadat, Anf H

2006-06-01

434

Plan of study for the High Plains regional aquifer-system analysis in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Ogallala Formation and associated Tertiary and Quarternary deposits from the principal aquifers supporting irrigation in the High Plains of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming. The volume of water in storage within the aquifers is declining in most of the High Plains because water is being withdrawn in excess of the rate of replenishment. The U.S. Geological Survey has initiated a 5-year study of the High Plains aquifer system to develop the geohydrologic data base and computer models of the ground-water flow system needed to evaluate the response of the aquifer system to ground-water management alternatives. This report describes the objectives, plan, and organization of the study and outlines the work to be accomplished in each State in the study area. (Woodard-USGS)

Weeks, John B.

1978-01-01

435

Lithium anomaly near Pringle, southern Black Hills, South Dakota, possibly caused by unexposed rare-mineral pegmatite  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Six samples of biotite schist from a site near Pringle, South Dakota, contained from 140 to 750 parts per million lithium. These values are far greater than are found in mica schists in most of the rest of the southern Black Hills. The lithium may have emanated from concealed lithium pegmatite, and such pegmatite can be of interest as a possible source of rare minerals, especially tantalite and beryl. Whether making a full test of the anomaly will become economically judicious is much less clear.

Norton, James Jennings

1984-01-01

436

HCMM energy budget data as a model input for assessing regions of high potential groundwater pollution. [South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Day thermal data were analyzed to assess depth to groundwater in the test site. HCMM apparent temperature was corrected for atmospheric effects using lake temperature of the Oahe Reservoir in central South Dakota. Soil surface temperatures were estimated using an equation developed for ground studies. A significant relationship was found between surface soil temperature and depth to groundwater, as well as between the surface soil-maximum air temperature differential and soil water content (% of field capacity) in the 0 cm and 4 cm layer of the profile. Land use for the data points consisted of row crops, small grains, stubble, and pasture.

Moore, D. G. (principal investigator); Heilman, J. L.

1980-01-01

437

Chemical migration by contact metamorphism between pegmatite/country rocks: natural analogs for radionuclides migration. [Black Hills, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Comparison of trace element signatures of country rocks as a function of distance from the contact with two pegmatites, Tin Mountain and Etta, in the Black Hills of South Dakota, suggests that some elements such as K, Li, Rb, Cs, As, Sb, Zn and Pb, have migrated to distances of 4 to 40 meters during contact metamorphism. The relative degree of migration varies depending on the element. On the other hand, there is virtually no migration of rare earth elements (REE), Al, Sc, Cr, Hf, U, and Th. Biotite and muscovite are effective trace element traps for Li, Rb and Cs. Biotite has a greater affinity for Rb, Cs and Li than muscovite.

Laul, J.C.; Walker, R.J.; Shearer, C.K.; Papike, J.J.; Simon, S.B.

1983-10-01

438

Lithium anomaly near Pringle, southern Black Hills, South Dakota, possibly caused by unexposed rare-mineral pegmatite  

SciTech Connect

Six samples of biotite schist from a site near Pringle, South Dakota, contained from 140 to 750 parts per million lithium. These values are far greater than are found in mica schists in most of the rest of the southern Black Hills. The lithium may have emanated from concealed lithium pegmatite, and such pegmatite can be of interest as a possible source of rare minerals, especially tantalite and beryl. Whether making a full test of the anomaly will become economically judicious is much less clear. 18 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Norton, J.J.

1984-01-01

439

Alteration of sandstone as a guide to uranium deposits and their origin, northern Black Hills, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Several uranium deposits are present in the Fall River sandstone of Early Cretaceous age on the northeast flank of the Black Hills, Butte County, South Dakota. The deposits are within a fine-grained, well-sorted, persistent basal sandstone unit that ranges in thickness from 2 to 18 feet and dips about 4° NE. Detailed mapping of about 2 square miles surrounding the deposits have shown that all the uranium occurrences and most of the areas of high radioactivity are where the color changes in the basal sandstone from reddish on the up-dip side of the the occurrences to yellowish-gray or buff down-dip. Radioactivity measurements show that uranium is distributed almost continuously along the sinuous red-buff contact for more than 5 miles. Laboratory work indicates that the red color is caused by the hematite resulting from the alteration of ferrous iron minerals and hydrous ferric oxides. The close association of the red-buff contact and the uranium deposits suggest that the two were formed by the same solutions. The uranium was probably deposited originally from ground water which moved down-dip and gradually changed from an oxidizing solution near the surface to a mildly reducing solution at depth. Concentrations of uranium have resulted from the localization of reducing conditions cause perhaps by structures superimposed on the regional dip, local thinning or decrease in permeability of the sandstone, or concentrations of pyritiferous carbonaceous material. The red alteration is probably the result of pre-Oligocene weathering that has extended downward in the more permeable beds about 200 feet below the ancient erosion surface. Oxidation of the primary uranium during the present weathering cycle has resulted in the formation of carnotite and possibly other secondary uranium minerals.

Vickers, R.C.

1956-01-01

440

Seasonal movements and Home-range use by female pronghorns in sagebrush-steppe communities of western south dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Knowledge of seasonal movements by pronghorns (Antilocapra americana) within the easternmost extension of sagebrush-steppe communities is limited. Current hypotheses regarding movement patterns suggest that pronghorns initiate seasonal movements in response to severe winter weather, snowfall patterns, spatial and temporal variation in forage abundance, and availability of water. From January 2002 to August 2005, we monitored movements of 76 adult (???1.5 years) female pronghorns on 2 study areas (Harding and Fall River counties) in western South Dakota. We collected 8,750 visual locations, calculated 204 home ranges, and documented 17 seasonal movements. Eighty-four percent (n = 55) of pronghorns were nonmigratory and 10% (n = 6) were conditional migrators. Mean distance between summer and winter range was 23.1 km (SE = 2.8 km, n = 13). Five adult pronghorns (8%) dispersed a mean distance of 37.6 km (SE = 12.4 km); of which 1 female moved a straight-line distance of 75.0 km. Winter and summer home-range size varied (P < 0.0001) between study sites. Mean 95% adaptive kernel winter and summer home-range size of pronghorns was 55.5 and 19.7 km 2, respectively, in Harding County and 127.2 and 65.9 km2, respectively, in Fall River County. Nonmigratory behavior exhibited by pronghorns was likely associated with minimal snow cover and moderate temperatures during winter 2002-2004. Variation in size of adult seasonal home ranges between sites was likely associated with differences in forage distribution and availability between regions. ?? 2009 American Society of Mammalogists.

Jacques, C.N.; Jenks, J.A.; Klaver, R.W.

2009-01-01

441

Ectoparasites in black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes) from the largest reintroduced population of the Conata Basin, South Dakota, USA.  

PubMed

The black-footed ferret, Mustela nigripes, is an endangered carnivore endemic to the grasslands of North America. We present the first investigation of ectoparasites associated with black-footed ferrets since reintroduction. We sampled more than 200 individuals from one of the largest and most successful reintroduced populations located in the Conata Basin of South Dakota, USA. We compared our findings with ectoparasite assemblages of sympatric carnivores and historic ferret records. We collected more than 1,000 ectoparasites consisting mainly of three flea and tick species, two of which were known historically from South Dakota. Despite our extensive sampling efforts, we did not detect any lice. This is notable because a putative host-specific louse, Neotrichodectes sp., was presumed to have gone extinct when black-footed ferrets were extirpated from the wild. The ectoparasite assemblage on black-footed ferrets comprised only generalist parasites, particularly those found on their prey such as prairie dogs (Cynomys sp.). Oropsylla hirsuta was the most abundant ectoparasite, representing 57% of all ectoparasites detected; a flea vector important in the persistence and transmission of plague. Black-footed ferrets like other endangered species undergo repeated parasite removal and vaccination efforts to facilitate population recovery, which may have unintentionally contributed to their depauperate ectoparasite community. PMID:24499333

Harris, Nyeema C; Livieri, Travis M; Dunn, Robert R

2014-04-01

442

Digital data to support development of a pesticide management plan for the Standing Rock Indian Reservation, Sioux County, North Dakota, and Corson County, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

As part of a program to support development of pesticide management plans for Indian Reservations, the U.S. Geological Survey has been working in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to make selected information available to the Tribes or in a format easier for the Tribes to use. As a result of this program, four digital data sets related to the geology or hydrology of the Standing Rock Indian Reservation were produced as part of this report. The digital data sets are based on maps published in 1982 at the 1:250,000 scale in 'Geohydrology of the Standing Rock Indian Reservation, North and South Dakota,' U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Investigations Atlas HA-644 by L.W. Howells. The digital data sets were created by 1) scanning the appropriate map to create an image file, 2) registering the image file to real-world coordinates, 3) creating a new image file rectified to real-world coordinates, and 4) digitizing of the features of interest using the rectified image as a guide. As digital data sets, the information can be used in a geographic information system in combination with other information to help develop a pesticide management plan.

Schaap, Bryan D.

2004-01-01

443

South Dakota Regional Diversity of Air Temperature Regime: System Analysis of Empirical Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The regional diversity of monthly temperatures were analyzed based on long-term data obtained for South Dakota (SD) from the High Plains Regional Climate Center. System hierarchical model of landscape (Krcho, 1990) was used for research tasks formulation. Initial matrixes for three tasks were compiled for the state. The first set of initial matrices of time series Xt*n, where t = number of years and n = number of meteorological stations, contains three matrixes: X(67*29), X(57*58)and X(33*94). The second set - Xt*m, where t = number of years and m = number of months in a year: X(113*12), X(110*12), and X(102*12). The third set - Xn*m, where n = number of meteorological stations and m = number of months in a year, contains two matrixes: X(29*12) and X(94*12). Factor analysis was used and the models of regional regime air temperatures have known and high (87 and 91%) representation of a variability of the initial matrix, while the models for seasonal regime have lower representation (60 and 61%). The models for distributions of average monthly temperatures have the highest representation of variability in the initial matrix (94 and 97%). Statistical analysis allowed us to differentiate between weather stations by temporal trends and spatial distribution during the time intervals 1932-1998, 1949- 2005 and 1963-1995. The most variable stations (Brookings, Camp Crook, and Highmore) were determined for the longest time interval 1932-1998. Their seasonality was described (the most variable months and correlation among months during the year); and their annual and seasonal regimes were determined and described with the use of simplified Fourier analysis. The average annual and monthly temperature distributions were presented for SD based on 29 (1932-1998) and 94 stations (1963-1995). Spatial temporal regimes of monthly air temperatures for SD on basis of analyzing existing empirical data has to be regarded as a multidimensional process with cyclic positive and negative trends as well as fuzzy regional boundaries of units with different regimes. The obtained result may have immediate application for developing a climatic monitoring network in SD and establishing a plan for regional drought research in SD to help in understanding the bigger picture of monthly and annual air temperatures regimes in SD and their connection to global and continental temperatures.

Shmagin, B.

2007-12-01

444

Normal crop calendars. Volume 2: The spring wheat states of Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The state crop calendars for the principal spring wheat producing states within the United States are presented. These crop calendars are an update of those produced for the large area crop inventory experiment multilabeling task during 1978and are compiled for the foreign commodity production forecasting (FCPF) project of the agriculture and resources inventory surveys through aerospace remote sensing program.

West, W. L., III (principal investigator)

1980-01-01

445

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Adsorptive Media, U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at Lead, South Dakota - Final Performance Evaluation Report  

EPA Science Inventory

This report documents the activities performed and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at Lead, South Dakota. The main objective of the project was to evaluate the effectiveness of SolmeteX?s adsorptive media system in removin...

446

Patch structure, fire-scar formation, and tree regeneration in a large mixed-severity fire in the South Dakota Black Hills, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compared patch structure, fire-scar formation, and seedling regeneration in patches of low, moderate, and high burn severity following the large (~34 000 ha) Jasper fire of 2000 that occurred in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponder- osa Dougl. ex P. & C. Laws.) forests of the Black Hills of South Dakota, USA. This fire created a patchy mosaic of effects, where

Leigh B. Lentile; Frederick W. Smith; Wayne D. Shepperd

2005-01-01

447

Phenology and Abundance of Bean Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Eastern South Dakota on Alfalfa and Soybean Relative to Tillage, Fertilization and Yield  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Phenology and abundance of bean leaf beetles, Cerotoma trifurcata (Förster), were examined throughout two eastern South Dakota growing seasons in relation to grain yields in chisel- and ridge-tilled soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] grown in 2-yr rotation with corn (Zea mays L.) with and without a...

448

Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose-degrading Bacteria from the Deep Subsurface of the Homestake Gold Mine, Lead, South Dakota, USA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The present study investigated the cultivable mesophilic (37ºC) and thermophilic (60ºC) cellulose-degrading bacterial diversity in a weathered soil-like sample collected from the deep subsurface (1.5 km depth) of the Homestake gold mine in Lead, South Dakota, USA. Chemical characterization of the s...

449

Seasonal Variation in Sampling Indices for Shovelnose Sturgeon, River Carpsucker, and Shorthead Redhorse Collected from the Missouri River below Fort Randall Dam, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gill nets and electrofishing were utilized in the Missouri River below Fort Randall Dam, South Dakota to sample river carpsucker (Carpiodes carpio), shorthead redhorse (Moxostoma macrolepidotum), and shovelnose sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus). Shorthead redhorse, shovelnose sturgeon, and river carpsucker all exhibited significant monthly variation in mean relative weight (Wr) during at least one sample year (P < 0.05). In general, Wr

George R. Jordan; David W. Willis

2001-01-01

450

NUTRIENT SOURCES AND TRANSPORT IN THE CENTRAL REGION OF THE BIG SIOUX RIVER, SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-print Network

A vis r I / Head LlWildlife and Fisheries Science Department II( 19/s Date !.f /11 /1'113 Date tJrvii 11. John Gates, Dr. John Nickum, Mr. Harvey Young, and Dr. Paul Middaugh for their suggestions DAKOTA Abstract MARVIN E. HORA Concentration and flow of total phosphate (TP), total organic nitrogen

451

Compilation of Data to Support Development of a Pesticide Management Plan by the Yankton Sioux Tribe, Charles Mix County, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is working with the Yankton Sioux Tribe to develop a pesticide management plan to reduce potential for contamination of ground water that may result from the use of registered pesticides. The purpose of this study was to compile technical information to support development of a pesticide management plan by the Yankton Sioux Tribe for the area within the Yankton Sioux Reservation, Charles Mix County, South Dakota. Five pesticides (alachlor, atrazine, cyanazine, metolachlor, and simazine) were selected by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for the management plan approach because they had been identified as probable or possible human carcinogens and they often had been associated with ground-water contamination in many areas and at high concentrations. This report provides a compilation of data to support development of a pesticide management plan. Available data sets are summarized in the text of this report, and actual data sets are provided in one Compact Disk?Read-Only Memory that is included with the report. The compact disk contains data sets pertinent to the development of a pesticide management plan. Pesticide use for the study area is described using information from state and national databases. Within South Dakota, pesticides commonly are applied to corn and soybean crops, which are the primary row crops grown in the study area. Water-quality analyses for pesticides are summarized for several surface-water sites. Pesticide concentrations in most samples were found to be below minimum reporting levels. Topographic data are presented in the form of 30-meter digital elevation model grids and delineation of drainage basins. Geohydrologic data are provided for the surficial deposits and the bedrock units. A high-resolution (30-by-30 meters) land-cover and land-use database is provided and summarized in a tabular format. More than 91 percent of the study area is used for row crops, pasture, or hay, and almost 6 percent of the study area is covered by water or wetlands. Average monthly and yearly precipitation data are summarized in a tabular format. Irrigation information associated with permitted and licensed diversion points is provided. A composite of aerial photographs of Charles Mix County is provided. This report also describes and summarizes the data sets and files, and how the data are relevant to development of a pesticide management plan.

Schaap, Bryan D.

2004-01-01

452

Coleoptera species inhabiting prairie wetlands of the Cottonwood Lake Area, Stutsman County, North Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The aquatic Coleoptera of a prairie wetland complex in Stutsman County, North Dakota, were collected from April 1979 to November 1980. Identification of 2594 individuals confirmed 57 species, including seven new records for North Dakota. Two seasonally flooded and two semipermanent wetlands, totaling 7.43 ha, contained 53% of the Dytiscidae, 43% of the Haliplidae, 38% of the Hydrophilidae, and 22% of the Gyrinidae species previously identified from North Dakota. Although 49.1% of the Coleoptera species occurred in both types of wetlands, the occurrence of 29 species varied by wetland class.

Hanson, B.A.; Swanson, G.A.

1989-01-01

453

The influence of light, stream gradient, and iron on Didymosphenia geminata bloom development in the Black Hills, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The aquatic nuisance species Didymosphenia geminata was first documented in Rapid Creek of South Dakota’s Black Hills during 2002. Since then, blooms have occurred primarily in a 39-km section of Rapid Creek while blooms were rarely observed in other Black Hills streams. In this study, we evaluated factors related to the presence and development of visible colonies of D. geminata in four streams of the Black Hills. At the watershed scale, stream gradient was negatively associated with the occurrence of D. geminata whereas stream width was positively related to D. geminata presence. At the stream scale, D. geminata coverage was inversely related to canopy coverage and iron concentration. At the local scale, shading by bridges virtually eliminated growth of D. geminata colonies under bridges. At all three scales, proxy measures of light such as stream width, canopy coverage, and bridge shading revealed that light availability was an important factor influencing the presence and coverage of D. geminata colonies. In general, streams that had relatively wide stream reaches (mean = 9.9 m), shallow gradients (mean = 0.22%), and little canopy cover (mean = 13%) were associated with D. geminata blooms. In addition, iron concentrations in streams with D. geminata colonies were lower than in streams without blooms.

James, Daniel A.; Mosel, Kyle; Chipps, Steven R.

2014-01-01

454

Seismic-reflection technique used to verify shallow rebound fracture zones in the Pierre Shale of South Dakota ( USA).  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Shallow seismic-reflection data are presented to demonstrate their usefulness for locating and showing the continuity and lateral extent of rebound fracture zones in the Pierre Shale. Rebound fracture zones, identified in boreholes near Hayes, South Dakota, have variable depth, thickness, and character, thus making questionable the correlation of these zones between holes. Thus, the subsequent determination of dip and of continuity of the zones is somewhat tenuous, especially if the fracture characteristics change significantly between holes. Once rebound fracture zones have been identified and located by borehole geotechnical and geologic data, seismic profiles can reveal the extent and geometry of fractures in these zones, thus providing valuable preconstruction information without the cost of additional drilling.-Authors

Nichols, T.C., Jr.; King, K.W.; Collins, D.S.; Williams, R.A.

1988-01-01

455

Comparison of detection rates of breeding marsh birds in passive and playback surveys at Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We compared detection rates of passive and playback breeding bird survey techniques on elusive marsh birds - Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps), American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus), Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis), Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola), and Sora (Porzana carolina) - during a two-year study at Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge, in southwestern South Dakota. We conducted 151 passive point counts followed by playback-response surveys at the same points in marsh-bird habitat on the refuge. Playback surveys detected secretive water birds more frequently than our passive surveys, increasing rates for each species by factors of 2.4 to 7.0. The distance a bird was detected from a point varied with the species and the survey technique.

Allen, T.; Finkbeiner, S.L.; Johnson, D.H.

2004-01-01

456

IN SITU AND LABORATORY GEOTECHNICAL TESTS OF THE PIERRE SHALE NEAR HAYES, SOUTH DAKOTA - A CHARACTERIZATION OF ENGINEERING BEHAVIOR.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A geotechnical investigation of the Pierre Shale near Hayes, South Dakota, was conducted by the U. S. Geological Survey as a basis for evaluating problems in deep excavations into that formation. The physical and mechanical properties of the shale were determined through use of core holes drilled to a maximum depth of 184 m. In situ borehole determinations included a gravimeter survey, pressuremeter testing, thermal profile measurements, and borehole velocity measurements. Onsite and offsite laboratory measurements included rebound measurements, sonic velocity measurements of shear and primary waves, X-ray mineralogy and major element determinations, size analyses, fracture analyses, fabric analyses, and determination of thermal properties. The properties of the clay shale indicate problems that may be encountered in excavation and use of deep underground facilities.

Nichols, Thomas C., Jr.; Collins, Donley S.; Davidson, Richard R.

1986-01-01

457

Direct utilization of geothermal energy for Haakon School District, South Dakota. Final report, January 1977-March 1985  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of a project which demonstrates the successful use of geothermal energy for service water and space heating of school, business and commercial buildings in the city of Philip, South Dakota. The project included a new well into the Madison limestone formation, a pipe line to the school and through the central business district to a treatment plant, the treatment plant and settling ponds, conversion of the existing space heating systems of the buildings to equipment suitable for heating with the geothermal energy and monitoring the system to determine operating characteristics and efficiency. The treated water is discharged into the north fork of the Bad River for use by down stream irrigators. 24 figs., 19 tabs.

Hengel, R.J.

1985-03-01

458

Remote sensing for evaluating post-disaster damage conditions: The Pierre, South Dakota tornado, 23 July 1973  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Remote sensing data obtained from aerial reconnaissance of tornado damage to the city of Pierre, South Dakota on July 23, 1973 was evaluated to determine its value as a decision making and management tool in post-disaster restoration activities. The imaging techniques used are briefly discussed, and both aerial and closeup color photographs are provided which were used in the evaluation. The immediate advantages of the data are identified as a 'quick-look' assessment, and a list is given which outlines the additional advantages for which positive rescue and cleanup action may be initiated. Hail and flood damage evaluation, and remote sensing of crop damage due to insect of disease infestation is also briefly described.

Rusche, A. E.; Myers, V. I.

1974-01-01

459

Waterfowl production on the Woodworth Station in south-central North Dakota, 1965-1981  

USGS Publications Warehouse

During 17 years of study at the Woodworth, North Dakota study area, the percent of 548 wetland basin with water during 1-15 May ranged from 8 to 87 and averaged 56; waterfowl pair densities varied from 19 to 56/km2 and averaged 40/km2. Pond occupancy by duck pairs averaged 37% during mid-May counts and 48% for late May and early June counts. A positive linear relation occurred between the estimated number of duck pairs and the percent of basins with water during 1-15 May.There were 3,339 duck nests found in grassland habitats from 1966 through 1981. Approximately 66% (85% Mayfield) of these were depredated or abandoned. Mammals caused 88% of nest failures. Half or more of the eventually successful clutches were unhatched by 10 July in 9 of 16 years. Haying would have disturbed or destroyed an average of 43%, 33%, 22%, 15%, and 9% of the duck nests if initiated on 10 July, 15 July, 20 July, 25 July, and 1 August, respectively.The total average size of completed clutch for all species was 29% smaller at the end of the nesting season than at the beginning, underscoring the importance of protecting early clutches.Production averaged 30 broods per 100 pairs of ducks and ranged from 15 to 61 broods per 100 pairs. Brood densities ranged from 10 to 63/km2 and averaged 12/km2. Mean brood size averaged 6.4 for all species. July broods averaged 7.2 ducklings and August broods 5.7 ducklings. Duckling loss averaged 2.6 per brood and 85% (2.2 ducklings) of this loss was estimated to occur during the first 14 days after hatch.Wetlands of all sizes and classes were important at some time to one species of duck or another. With the exception of some diving ducks, all species used a complex of sizes and classes of wetlands for space, food, and shelter necessary for nesting and brooding. Pair counts during 20 May-7 June were most indicative of the breeding population. A combination of two brood counts resulted in the best estimate of annual production. An average of only 50% of the total duck broods per year was counted during the 1-15 July surveys, which approximated the average time of the Service's July aerial surveys. During this study the area produced an average of 1 duck per 4 ha of upland and had a nest density of approximately 1 nest per 14 ha. Nest success rates averaged 35.1% (16.3% Mayfield). Predation was significantly reduced by good vegetative cover at nest sites. Seeded grasslands (dense nesting cover) yielded better production than native prairie or croplands. Seeded grasslands also produced 3 times more ducklings per unit area than adjacent native prairie and more than 14 times as many as adjacent, annually tilled croplands.Ducks generally showed higher nest densities and better nesting success when using growing grain crops than when nesting in standing or mulched stubble fields. Among native mixed-grass prairie and seeded grassland, production was enhanced by leaving fields idle or by treating them with periodic burning. Duck production was generally lowered by grazing field of native prairie but duck production on grazing lands was higher than in annually tilled croplands.

Higgins, K.F.; Kirsch, L.M.; Klett, A.T.; Miller, H.W.

1992-01-01

460

Attitudes and gender differences of high school seniors within one-to-one computing environments in South Dakota  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In today's age of exponential change and technological advancement, awareness of any gender gap in technology and computer science-related fields is crucial, but further research must be done in an effort to better understand the complex interacting factors contributing to the gender gap. This study utilized a survey to investigate specific gender differences relating to computing self-efficacy, computer usage, and environmental factors of exposure, personal interests, and parental influence that impact gender differences of high school students within a one-to-one computing environment in South Dakota. The population who completed the One-to-One High School Computing Survey for this study consisted of South Dakota high school seniors who had been involved in a one-to-one computing environment for two or more years. The data from the survey were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics for the determined variables. From the review of literature and data analysis several conclusions were drawn from the findings. Among them are that overall, there was very little difference in perceived computing self-efficacy and computing anxiety between male and female students within the one-to-one computing initiative. The study supported the current research that males and females utilized computers similarly, but males spent more time using their computers to play online games. Early exposure to computers, or the age at which the student was first exposed to a computer, and the number of computers present in the home (computer ownership) impacted computing self-efficacy. The results also indicated parental encouragement to work with computers also contributed positively to both male and female students' computing self-efficacy. Finally the study also found that both mothers and fathers encouraged their male children more than their female children to work with computing and pursue careers in computing science fields.

Nelson, Mathew

461

2480 Ma mafic magmatism in the northern Black Hills, South Dakota: A new link connecting the Wyoming and Superior cratons  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Laramide Black Hills uplift of southwest South Dakota exposes a Precambrian crystalline core of ???2560-2600 Ma basement granitoids nonconformably overlain by two Paleoproterozoic intracratonic rift successions. In the northern Black Hills, a 1 km thick, layered sill (the Blue Draw metagabbro) that intrudes the older rift succession provides a key constraint on the timing of mafic magmatism and of older rift-basin sedimentation. Ion microprobe spot analyses of megacrysts of magmatic titanite from a horizon of dioritic pegmatite in the uppermost sill portion yield a 207Pb/206Pb upper-intercept age of 2480 ?? 6 Ma (all age errors ??2??), comparable to two-point 207Pb/206Pb errorchron ages obtained by Pb stepwise leaching of the same titanites. Nearly concordant domains in coexisting magmatic zircon yield apparent spot ages ranging from 2458 ?? 16 to 2284 ?? 20 Ma (i.e., differentially reset along U-Pb concordia), and hornblende from an associated metadiorite yields a partially reset date with oldest apparent-age increments ranging between 2076 ?? 16 and 2010 ?? 8 Ma. We interpret these data as indicating that an episode of gabbroic magmatism occurred at 2480 Ma, in response to earlier rifting of the eastern edge of the Wyoming craton. Layered mafic intrusions of similar thickness and identical age occur along a rifted belt in the southern Superior craton (Sudbury region, Ontario). Moreover, these mafic intrusions are spatially aligned using previous supercontinent restorations of the Wyoming and Superior cratons (Kenorland-Superia configurations). This new "piercing point" augments one previously inferred by spatial-temporal correlation of the Paleoproterozoic Huronian (southern Ontario) and Snowy Pass (southeastern Wyoming) supergroups. We propose that layered mafic intrusions extending from Nemo, South Dakota, to Sudbury, Ontario, delineate an axial rift zone along which Wyoming began to separate from Superior during initial fragmentation of the Neoarchean supercontinent at ???2480 Ma. ?? 2006 NRC Canada.

Dahl, P.S.; Hamilton, M.A.; Wooden, J.L.; Foland, K.A.; Frei, R.; McCombs, J.A.; Holm, D.K.

2006-01-01

462

Legacy data for a northern prairie grassland: Woodworth Study Area, North Dakota, 1963-89  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ecological data commonly become more valuable through time. Such legacy data provide baseline records of past biological, physical, and social information that provide historical perspective and are necessary for assessment of stasis or change. Legacy data collected at the Woodworth Study Area (WSA), a contiguous block of grasslands, croplands, and wetlands covering more than 1,000 hectares of the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota, are cataloged and summarized in this study. The WSA is one of the longest researched grassland sites in the Upper Midwest. It has an extensive history of settlement, land use, and management that provides a deeper context for future research. The WSA data include long-term vegetation transect records, land use history, habitat management records, geologic information, wetland hydrology and chemistry information, and spatial images. Substantial parts of these data have not been previously reported. The WSA is representative of many other lands purchased by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the Prairie Pothole Region from the 1930s to the 1970s; therefore, synthesized data from the WSA are broadly applicable to topics of concern in northern grasslands, such as increases in non-native plants, managing for biodiversity, and long-term effects of habitat management. New techniques are also described that were used to preserve these data for future analyses. The data preservation techniques are applicable to any project with data that should be preserved for 100 years or more.

Williams, Shelby H.; Austin, Jane E.

2014-01-01

463

Habitat selection of a declining white-tailed deer herd in the central Black Hills, South Dakota and Wyoming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Habitat selection, survival rates, the Black Hills National Forest Habitat Capability Model (HABCAP), and the USDA Forest Service Geographic Information System (GIS) data base were evaluated for a declining white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus dacotensis) herd in the central Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming. From July 1993 through July 1996, 73 adult and yearling female and 12 adult and yearling male white-tailed deer were radiocollared and visually monitored. Habitat information was collected at 4,662 white-tailed deer locations and 1,087 random locations. Natural mortality (71%) was the primary cause of female mortality, followed by harvest (22.5%) and accidental causes (6.5%). More females died in spring (53.2%) than in fall (22.6%), winter (14.5%), or summer (9.7%). Male mortality resulted from hunting in fall (66.7%) and natural causes in spring (33.3%). Survival rates for all deer by year were 62.1% in 1993, 51.1% in 1994, 56.4% in 1995, and 53.9% in 1996 and were similar (P = 0.691) across years. During winter, white-tailed deer selected ponderosa pine- (Pinus ponderosa ) deciduous and burned pine cover types. Overstory-understory habitats selected included pine/grass-forb, pine/bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), pine/snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus), burned pine/grass-forb, and pine/shrub habitats. Structural stages selected included sapling-pole pine stands with >70% canopy cover, burned pine sapling-pole and saw-timber stands with <40% canopy cover. Bedding locations were represented by saw-timber pine structural stages with >40% canopy cover and all sapling-pole pine structural stages; sapling-pole stands with >70% canopy cover received the greatest use. White-tailed deer primarily fed in pine saw-timber structural stage with less than 40% canopy cover. Overall, selected habitats contained lower amounts of grass/forb, shrubs, and litter than random locations. Male and female deer generally bedded in areas that were characterized by greater horizontal cover than feeding and random sites. When feeding and bedding sites were combined males selected areas that were characterized by greater levels of horizontal cover than females. During summer, white-tailed deer selected pine-deciduous, aspen (Populus tremuloides), aspen-coniferous, spruce (Picea glauca), and spruce-deciduous cover types. Overstory-understory habitats selected included pine/juniper (Juniperus communis), aspen/shrubs, spruce/juniper, and spruce/shrub habitats. Structural stages selected included pine, aspen, and spruce sapling pole stands with all levels (0--40%, 41--70%, 71--100%) of canopy cover. All habitat types (i.e., pine, aspen, and spruce) were used as bedding locations with pine sapling-pole structural stages with >70% canopy cover used most, whereas pine saw-timber structural stage with less than 40% canopy cover was primarily used for feeding. Females bedded in areas that were characterized by greater horizontal cover than feeding and random sites, whereas male feeding sites had greater horizontal cover characteristics than bedding or random locations.

Deperno, Christopher Shannon

464

Investigation of remote sensing techniques as inputs to operational resource management. [Butte County, Black Hills, South Dakota, Blackhawk Quadrangle, and Belle Fouche Basin  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Visual interpretation of 1:125,000 color LANDSAT prints produced timely level 1 maps of accuracies in excess of 80% for agricultural land identification. Accurate classification of agricultural land via digital analysis of LANDSAT CCT's required precise timing of the date of data collection with mid to late June optimum for western South Dakota. The LANDSAT repetitive nine day cycle over the state allowed the surface areas of stockdams and small reservoir systems to be monitored to provide a timely approximation of surface water conditions on the range. Combined use of DIRS, K-class, and LANDSAT CCT's demonstrated the ability to produce aspen maps of greater detail and timeliness than was available using US Forest Service maps. Visual temporal analyses of LANDSAT imagery improved highway map drainage information and were used to prepare a seven county drainage network. An optimum map of flood-prone areas was developed, utilizing high altitude aerial photography and USGS maps.

Schmer, F. A. (principal investigator); Isakson, R. E.; Eidenshink, J. C.

1977-01-01

465

Data Collected to Support Monitoring of Constructed Emergent Sandbar Habitat on the Missouri River Downstream from Gavins Point Dam, South Dakota and Nebraska, 2004-06  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has constructed emergent sandbar habitat on sections of the Missouri River bordering South Dakota and Nebraska downstream from Gavins Point Dam to create and enhance habitat for threatened and endangered bird species. Two areas near river miles 761.3 and 769.8 were selected for construction of emergent sandbar habitat. Pre- and postconstruction data were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, to evaluate the success of the habitat management techniques. Data collected include pre- and postconstruction channel-geometry data (bathymetric and topographic) for areas upstream from, downstream from, and within each construction site. Water-velocity data were collected for selected parts of the site near river mile 769.8. Instruments and methods used in data collection, as well as quality-assurance and quality-control measures, are described. Geospatial channel-geometry data are presented for transects of the river channel as cross sections and as geographical information system shapefiles. Geospatial land-surface elevation data are provided for part of each site in the form of a color-shaded relief map. Geospatial water-velocity data also are provided as color-shaded maps and geographical information system shapefiles.

Thompson, Ryan F.; Johnson, Michaela R.; Andersen, Michael J.

2007-01-01

466

Organotin contamination in South American coastal areas.  

PubMed

Organotin compounds (OTs) were used in antifouling paints for more than four decades. However, due to their widespread intensive use and high toxicity, undesirable effects in non-target marine organisms have been detected since the early 1980s. Consequently, the International Maritime Organization banned new maritime applications of these products on January 1, 2003 and their presence on ship hulls from January 1, 2008. Although extensively studied in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Asia, environmental levels and effects of organotin contamination are still poorly known for South America. Thus, the current review aimed to present the actual status of this problem in South America by summarizing and comparing the available data in the literature. An overview of the OTs concentrations in sediment and biota and their effects, mainly imposex in marine gastropods, are presented. This work showed that in Atlantic coastal areas of South America there are "hot spots" of OTs contamination, similar to that observed in industrialized countries of Northern Hemisphere. On the other hand, the number of accomplished studies in the Pacific coast is extremely low. Despite the limitation on studies about OTs environmental levels and their related effects, the available data pointed out for a widespread TBT contamination along the South American coastal areas. Therefore, the establishment of baselines of organotin contamination in the Pacific coast and the implementation of temporal trend studies in the South American coastal areas is crucial to verify the effectiveness of local regulations and OTs global ban, and to map the most sensitive areas related to present and future antifouling impacts. PMID:21544497

de Castro, Italo Braga; Perina, Fernando Cesar; Fillmann, Gilberto

2012-03-01

467

Economic Benefits, Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions Reductions, and Water Conservation Benefits from 1,000 Megawatts (MW) of New Wind Power in South Dakota (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy?s Wind Powering America Program is committed to educating state-level policymakers and other stakeholders about the economic, CO2 emissions, and water conservation impacts of wind power. This analysis highlights the expected impacts of 1000 MW of wind power in South Dakota. Although construction and operation of 1000 MW of wind power is a significant effort, six states have already reached the 1000-MW mark. We forecast the cumulative economic benefits from 1000 MW of development in South Dakota to be $1.1 billion, annual CO2 reductions are estimated at 4.0 million tons, and annual water savings are 1,795 million gallons.

Not Available

2008-10-01

468

Hydrologic Characterization for Spring Creek and Hydrologic Budget and Model Scenarios for Sheridan Lake, South Dakota, 1962-2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey cooperated with South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks to characterize hydrologic information relevant to management of water resources associated with Sheridan Lake, which is formed by a dam on Spring Creek. This effort consisted primarily of characterization of hydrologic data for a base period of 1962 through 2006, development of a hydrologic budget for Sheridan Lake for this timeframe, and development of an associated model for simulation of storage deficits and drawdown in Sheridan Lake for hypothetical release scenarios from the lake. Historically, the dam has been operated primarily as a 'pass-through' system, in which unregulated outflows pass over the spillway; however, the dam recently was retrofitted with an improved control valve system that would allow controlled releases of about 7 cubic feet per second (ft3/s) or less from a fixed depth of about 60 feet (ft). Development of a hydrologic budget for Sheridan Lake involved compilation, estimation, and characterization of data sets for streamflow, precipitation, and evaporation. The most critical data need was for extrapolation of available short-term streamflow records for Spring Creek to be used as the long-term inflow to Sheridan Lake. Available short-term records for water years (WY) 1991-2004 for a gaging station upstream from Sheridan Lake were extrapolated to WY 1962-2006 on the basis of correlations with streamflow records for a downstream station and for stations located along two adjacent streams. Comparisons of data for the two streamflow-gaging stations along Spring Creek indicated that tributary inflow is approximately proportional to the intervening drainage area, which was used as a means of estimating tributary inflow for the hydrologic budget. Analysis of evaporation data shows that sustained daily rates may exceed maximum monthly rates by a factor of about two. A long-term (1962-2006) hydrologic budget was developed for computation of reservoir outflow from Sheridan Lake for the historical pass-through operating system. Two inflow components (stream inflow and precipitation) and one outflow component (evaporation) were considered. The hydrologic budget uses monthly time steps within a computational year that includes two 6-month periods - May through October, for which evaporation is accounted for, and November through April, when evaporation is considered negligible. Results indicate that monthly evaporation rates can substantially exceed inflow during low-flow periods, and potential exists for outflows to begin approaching zero-flow conditions substantially prior to the onset of zero-inflow conditions, especially when daily inflow and evaporation are considered. Results also indicate that September may be the month for greatest potential benefit for enhancing fish habitat and other ecosystem values in downstream reaches of Spring Creek with managed releases of cool water. Computed monthly outflows from Sheridan Lake for September are less than 1.0 ft3/s for 8 of the 44 years (18 percent) and are less than 2.0 ft3/s for 14 of the 44 years (32 percent). Conversely, none of the computed outflows for May are less than 2.0 ft3/s. A short-term (July through September 2007) data set was used to calculate daily evaporation from Sheridan Lake and to evaluate the applicability of published pan coefficients. Computed values of pan coefficients of approximately 1.0 and 1.1 for two low-flow periods are larger than the mean annual pan coefficient of 0.74 for the area that is reported in the literature; however, the computed values are consistent with pan coefficients reported elsewhere for similar late summer and early fall periods. Thus, these results supported the use of variable monthly pan coefficients for the long-term hydrologic budget. A hydrologic model was developed using the primary components of the hydrologic budget and was used to simulate monthly storage deficits and drawdown for Sheridan Lake using hypothetical

Driscoll, Daniel G.; Norton, Parker A.

2009-01-01

469

HABITAT SELECTION BY SWIFT FOXES IN BADLANDS NATIONAL PARK AND THE SURROUNDING AREA  

E-print Network

HABITAT SELECTION BY SWIFT FOXES IN BADLANDS NATIONAL PARK AND THE SURROUNDING AREA IN SOUTH DAKOTA;11 HABITAT SELECTION BY SWIFf FOXES IN BADLANDS NATIONAL PARK AND THE SURROUNDING AREA IN SOUTH DAKOTA 11ris of motivated individuals with similar concerns. I would like to thank the staff of Badlands National Park

470

A digital simulation of the glacial-aquifer system in Sanborn and parts of Beadle, Miner, Hanson, Davison, and Jerauld counties, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The drought in South Dakota from 1974-76 and the near drought conditions in 1980-81 have resulted in increased demands on the groundwater resources within many of the irrigated areas of the James River basin in eastern South Dakota. These increases in demand for irrigation water from the glacial aquifer system, and continued requests to the State for additional irrigation well permits, have created a need for a systematic water management program to avoid over-development of this system in the James River basin. An equally spaced grid containing 56 rows and 52 columns used to simulate the glacial aquifer system, was calibrated using water level data collected before significant groundwater development (before 1973). The aquifer was also simulated in 11 annual transient stress periods from 1973 through 1983 and in 12 monthly transient stress periods for 1976. The simulated pre-development potentiometric heads were compared to average water levels from 32 observation wells to check the accuracy of the simulate potentiometric surface. The average arithmetic difference between the simulated and observed water levels was 1.68 ft and the average absolute difference was 4.38 ft. The non-pumping steady-state simulated water budget indicates that recharge from precipitation accounts for 97.1% of the water entering the aquifer and evapotranspiration accounts for 98.2% of the water leaving the aquifer. The sensitivity analysis of the steady-state model indicates that the model is most sensitive to reductions in recharge and least to changes in hydraulic conductivity. The maximum annual recharge varied from 0.10 inch in 1976 to 8.14 inches in 1977. The potential annual evapotranspiration varied from 29.9 inches in 1982 to 48.9 inches in 1976. Withdrawals from the glacial aquifer system increased 2.6 times between 1975 and 1976. The average annual arithmetic difference between the simulated and observed water levels ranged from 3.88 ft in 1974 to 2.23 ft in 1982; the average absolute difference ranged from 4.70 ft in 1973 to 11.70 ft in 1982. In the 1976 monthly transient simulation, the maximum annual recharge rate 0.10 inch was distributed over the months of March, April, and September. The potential monthly evapotranspiration rate ranged from 12.50 inches in August to 0.00 inch during the winter when the ground was frozen. (Author 's abstract)

Emmons, P.J.

1988-01-01

471

Evolution of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning and Storm Structure in the Spencer, South Dakota, Tornadic Supercell of 30 May 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 30 May 1998, a tornado devastated the town of Spencer, South Dakota. The Spencer tornado (rated F4 on the Fujita tornado intensity scale) was the third and most intense of five tornadoes produced by a single supercell storm during an approximate 1-h period. The supercell produced over 76% positive cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning and a peak positive CG flash rate

Lawrence D. Carey; Walter A. Petersen; Steven A. Rutledge

2003-01-01

472

Isolation and characterization of cellulose-degrading bacteria from the deep subsurface of the Homestake gold mine, Lead, South Dakota, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the cultivable mesophilic (37°C) and thermophilic (60°C) cellulose-degrading bacterial diversity\\u000a in a weathered soil-like sample collected from the deep subsurface (1.5 km depth) of the Homestake gold mine in Lead, South\\u000a Dakota, USA. Chemical characterization of the sample by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy revealed a high amount of toxic heavy\\u000a metals such as Cu, Cr, Pb, Ni, and

Gurdeep Rastogi; Geetha L. Muppidi; Raghu N. Gurram; Akash Adhikari; Kenneth M. Bischoff; Stephen R. Hughes; William A. Apel; Sookie S. Bang; David J. Dixon; Rajesh K. Sani

2009-01-01

473

A probable extralimital post-breeding assembly of Bufflehead Bucephala albeola in southcentral North Dakota, USA, 1994-2002  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Bufflehead Bucephala albeola breeds predominantly in Canada and Alaska (USA). Evidence suggests that the species may have recently expanded its breeding range southward into central and south central North Dakota. This paper presents data on observations of Buffleheads during the breeding season in Kidder County, North Dakota, 1994-2002, and discusses the possibility that the species has not expanded its breeding range but rather has established an extralimital post-breeding staging area south of its typical breeding range.

Igl, L.D.

2003-01-01

474

A probable extralimital postbreeding assembly of bufflehead Bucephala albeola in southcentral North Dakota, USA, 1994-2002  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Bufflehead Bucephala albeola predominantly in Canada and Alaska (USA). Evidence suggests that the species may have recently expanded its breeding range southward into central and south-central North Dakota. This paper presents data on observations of Buffleheads during the breeding season in Kidder County, North Dakota, 1994-2002, and discusses the possibility that the species has not expanded its breeding range but rather has established an extralimital post-breeding staging area south of its typical breeding range.

Igl, L.D.

2003-01-01

475

75 FR 25874 - North Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002] North Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations...major disaster for the State of North Dakota (FEMA-1907-DR), dated April...in certain areas of the State of North Dakota resulting from flooding...

2010-05-10

476

78 FR 36557 - North Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2013-0001] North Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations...major disaster for the State of North Dakota (FEMA-4118-DR), dated May...in certain areas of the State of North Dakota resulting from flooding...

2013-06-18

477

76 FR 21773 - North Dakota; Emergency and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] North Dakota; Emergency and Related Determinations...of an emergency for the State of North Dakota (FEMA-3318-EM), dated April...in certain areas of the State of North Dakota resulting from flooding...

2011-04-18

478

75 FR 15448 - North Dakota; Emergency and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002] North Dakota; Emergency and Related Determinations...of an emergency for the State of North Dakota (FEMA-3309-EM), dated March...in certain areas of the State of North Dakota resulting from flooding...

2010-03-29

479

76 FR 34089 - North Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] North Dakota; Major Disaster and Related Determinations...major disaster for the State of North Dakota (FEMA-1981-DR), dated May...in certain areas of the State of North Dakota resulting from flooding...

2011-06-10

480

78 FR 27412 - North Dakota; Emergency and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket ID FEMA-2013-0001] North Dakota; Emergency and Related Determinations...of an emergency for the State of North Dakota (FEMA-3364-EM), dated April...in certain areas of the State of North Dakota resulting from flooding...

2013-05-10

481

Personal health record use by patients as perceived by ambulatory care physicians in Nebraska and South Dakota: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine the awareness and engagement that ambulatory care physicians have with patients who use a personal health record (PHR). This is part of a larger study examining health information technology (HIT) and electronic health record (EHR) adoption by ambulatory care physicians in Nebraska and South Dakota. Descriptive results and inferential findings about physician awareness and engagement are presented in relationship to the physician's stage of EHR adoption, practice type and size, gender, specialty, and age. Overall, physicians' awareness of PHRs and their engagement with the technology remains low. Physicians using EHRs were more likely to be aware and engaged with PHRs than physicians who either plan to adopt EHRs or have no intention to adopt EHRs. Practice type, gender, and specialty have an association as well. The implications of the findings are discussed, and a recommendation is made that education of physicians is needed in this area as the nation progresses toward the creation of a national health information network for health information exchange. PMID:18927602

Fuji, Kevin T; Galt, Kimberly A; Serocca, Alexandra B

2008-01-01

482

Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This digital data set represents the extent of the High Plains aquifer in the central United States. The extent of the High Plains aquifer covers 174,000 square miles in eight states: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming. This data set represents a compilation of information from digital and paper sources and personal communication. This boundary is an update to the boundary published in U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1400-B, and this report supersedes Open-File Report 99-267. The purpose of this data set is to refine and update the extent of the High Plains aquifer based on currently available information. This data set represents a compilation of arcs from a variety of sources and scales that represent the 174,000 square-mile extent of the High Plains aquifer within the eight states. Where updated information was not available, the original boundary extent defined by OFR 99-267 was retained. The citations for the sources in each State are listed in the 00README.txt file. The boundary also contains internal polygons, or 'islands', that represent the areas within the aquifer boundary where the aquifer is not present due to erosion or non-deposition. The datasets that pertain to this report can be found on the U.S. Geological Survey's NSDI (National Spatial Data Infrastructure) Node, the links are provided on the sidebar.

Qi, Sharon

2010-01-01

483

76 FR 21779 - Notice of Public Meeting, Dakotas Resource Advisory Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...management issues associated with public land management in the Dakotas. At these meetings, topics will include: North Dakota and South Dakota Field Office manager updates...All meetings are open to the public and the public may...

2011-04-18

484

76 FR 43705 - Notice of Public Meeting, Dakotas Resource Advisory Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...management issues associated with public land management in the Dakotas. At these meetings, topics will include: North Dakota and South Dakota Field Office manager updates...All meetings are open to the public and the public may...

2011-07-21

485

77 FR 22800 - Notice of Public Meeting, Dakotas Resource Advisory Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...BLM Eastern Montana/Dakotas District, 111 Garryowen...issues associated with public land management in the Dakotas. At these meetings...include: North and South Dakota Field Office manager...meetings are open to the public and the public...

2012-04-17

486

75 FR 15724 - Notice of Public Meeting, Dakotas Resource Advisory Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...management issues associated with public land management in the Dakotas. At these meetings, topics will include: North Dakota and South Dakota Field Office manager updates...All meetings are open to the public, and the public may...

2010-03-30

487

75 FR 42125 - Notice of Public Meeting, Dakotas Resource Advisory Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...management issues associated with public land management in the Dakotas. At these meetings, topics will include: North Dakota and South Dakota Field Office manager updates...All meetings are open to the public and the public may...

2010-07-20

488

Hydrocarbon trapping mechanisms in the Miller Creek area of the Powder River Basin, Wyoming  

E-print Network

accessible subsurface information within and outsMe the producing areas. Nontax North Dakota Idaho Powder River Basia South Dakota Area Nebraska Colorado pig's 1. Tadex Map 1% mlles Structure Resional structure . The Reofraphic area kno n a... 37 It8 67 APPENDIC ES Drill Stem Test Analysis Electric Lsg Analysis 71 71 81 LIST OF TABLHS Tahle 1. Reservoir and Fluid Characteristics Pape 11 2. Reservoir and Fluid Properties for the Dakota Sandstone, Piller Creek Area, 'i...

Armstrong, Jennifer Ann

1975-01-01

489

Microbial and mineralogical characterizations of soils collected from the deep biosphere of the former Homestake gold mine, South Dakota.  

PubMed

A microbial census on deep biosphere (1.34 km depth) microbial communities was performed in two soil samples collected from the Ross and number 6 Winze sites of the former Homestake gold mine, Lead, South Dakota using high-density 16S microarrays (PhyloChip). Soil mineralogical characterization was carried out using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron, and Mössbauer spectroscopic techniques which demonstrated silicates and iron minerals (phyllosilicates and clays) in both samples. Microarray data revealed extensive bacterial diversity in soils and detected the largest number of taxa in Proteobacteria phylum followed by Firmicutes and Actinobacteria. The archael communities in the deep gold mine environments were less diverse and belonged to phyla Euryarchaeota and Crenarchaeota. Both the samples showed remarkable similarities in microbial communities (1,360 common OTUs) despite distinct geochemical characteristics. Fifty-seven phylotypes could not be classified even at phylum level representing a hitherto unidentified diversity in deep biosphere. PhyloChip data also suggested considerable metabolic diversity by capturing several physiological groups such as sulfur-oxidizer, ammonia-oxidizers, iron-oxidizers, methane-oxidizers, and sulfate-reducers in both samples. High-density microarrays revealed the greatest prokaryotic diversity ever reported from deep subsurface habitat of gold mines. PMID:20386898

Rastogi, Gurdeep; Osman, Shariff; Kukkadapu, Ravi; Engelhard, Mark; Vaishampayan, Parag A; Andersen, Gary L; Sani, Rajesh K

2010-10-01

490

Microbial and Mineralogical Characterizations of Soils Collected from the Deep Biosphere of the Former Homestake Gold Mine, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

A microbial census on the deep biosphere (1.34 km depth) microbial communities was performed in two soil samples collected from the Ross and number 6 Winze sites of the former Homestake gold mine, Lead, South Dakota using high-density 16S microarrays (PhyloChip). Mineralogical characterization of soil samples was carried out using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron, and Mössbauer spectroscopic techniques which demonstrated the presence of silicates and iron minerals (phyllosilicates and clays) in both samples. Microarray data revealed extensive bacterial diversity in soils and detected the largest number of taxa in Proteobacteria phylum followed by Firmicutes and Actinobacteria. The archael communities in the deep gold mine environments were less diverse and belonged to phyla Euryarchaeota and Crenarchaeota. Both the samples showed remarkable amount of similar microbial communities (1360 common OTUs) despite of distinct geochemical characteristics. A total of 57 phylotypes could not be classified even at phylum level representing a hitherto unidentified diversity in deep biosphere. PhyloChip data also suggested considerable metabolic diversity in deep biosphere by capturing several physiological groups of bacteria such as sulfur-oxidizer, ammonia-oxidizers, iron-oxidizers, methane-oxidizers, and sulfate-reducers in both samples. Application of high-density microarrays revealed the vast prokaryotic diversity ever reported from deep subsurface habitat of gold mines.

Rastogi, Gurdeep; Osman, Shariff; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Vaishampayan, Parag A.; Andersen, Gary L.; Sani, Rajesh K.

2010-03-13

491

Pedogenesis and paleoclimatic implications of the Chamberlain Pass Formation, basal White River Group, Badlands of South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

The Chamberlain Pass Formation is a new lithostratigraphic unit representing the first phase of deposition of the Paleogene White River Group in western South Dakota. The Chamberlain Pass Formation is entirely nonmarine, and has been subjected to intensive pedogenic modification. Pedogenic features within the distal overbank deposits of the Chamberlain Pass Formation have long been recognized, and classified as the Interior Paleosol Series. This study focuses on pedogenic features preserved within the channel sandstone and proximal overbank deposits of the Chamberlain Pass Formation, and proposes a new pedostratigraphic unit called the Weta Paleosol Series, to describe these features. The Interior and Weta Paleosol Series have a catenary soil relationship, based on differences in parent material and soil moisture conditions. A major difference between the two is the presence of pedorelicts within the Weta Paleosol Series, demonstrating sequential modification of soils as moisture conditions changed from wet to dry. The types of pedogenic features present within the Weta Paleosol Series, which include silcretes, calcretes, and zeolite mineralization with particular soil horizons, suggests that while previous interpretations of paleoclimates were essentially correct, paleosols of the Chamberlain Pass Formation were also subjected to periods of dryness. Counting of superimposed paleosols suggests a minimum of 60ky for deposition and pedogenic modification of the Chamberlain Pass Formation prior to a major period of incision and deposition of the overlying Chadron Formation.

Terry, D.O. Jr. (Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States). Dept. of Geology); Evans, J.E. (Bowling Green State Univ., Bowling Green, OH (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1992-01-01

492

Paleosols from Pakistan, Greece, and South Dakota: Strengths and pitfalls of the use of carbon isotopes in paleoecologic reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

The delta C-13 of soil carbonates in paleosols can be used to reconstruct the proportion of C[sub 3] and C[sub 4] plants that grew on the site during pedogenesis. This reconstruction is only possible where: (1) soil carbonate, not other secondary carbonates, is sampled, (2) carbon isotopes have not undergone post-burial replacement or exchange, and (3) there is no detrital contamination of soil nodules. Preservation of soil organic matter provides the simplest test of all these conditions. In modern soils coexisting soil carbonate and organic matter differ by 14--17%. This difference is preserved in Mio-Pliocene paleosols from the Siwalik Sequence in Pakistan, verifying a pedogenic origin, but not in coexisting carbonate and organic layers from Pikermi in Greece. Minor detrital contamination is present in some Siwalik soil carbonates, but this can be quantified by analyzing entire paleosol profiles. Other post-pedogenic carbonate cements are also present by they display very different delta C-13 and delta O-18 values from those in soil carbonates, aging suggesting that post-pedogenic exchange has not occurred. In the Badlands of South Dakota, preliminary results show that all sampled carbonate phases, including those in paleosols, display very homogeneous delta C-13 values of around [minus]7 to [minus]8%, indicating that (1) no pedogenic carbonate is present, (2) post-burial isotopic alteration may have occurred, or (3) Oligocene atmospheric pCO[sub 2] was substantially higher than today's.

Quade, J. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Geosciences); Cerling, T.E.; Wang, Yang (Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics)

1992-01-01

493

Traps and attractants for wood-boring insects in ponderosa pine stands in the Black Hills, South Dakota.  

PubMed

Recent large-scale wildfires have increased populations of wood-boring insects in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Because little is known about possible impacts of wood-boring insects in the Black Hills, land managers are interested in developing monitoring techniques such as flight trapping with semiochemical baits. Two trap designs and four semiochemical attractants were tested in a recently burned ponderosa pine, Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws., forest in the Black Hills. Modified panel and funnel traps were tested in combination with the attractants, which included a woodborer standard (ethanol and alpha-pinene), standard plus 3-carene, standard plus ipsenol, and standard plus ipsdienol. We found that funnel traps were equally efficient or more efficient in capturing wood-boring insects than modified panel traps. Trap catches of cerambycids increased when we added the Ips spp. pheromone components (ipsenol or ipsdienol) or the host monoterpene (3-carene) to the woodborer standard. During the summers of 2003 and 2004, 18 cerambycid, 14 buprestid, and five siricid species were collected. One species of cerambycid, Monochamus clamator (LeConte), composed 49 and 40% of the 2003 and 2004 trap catches, respectively. Two other cerambycids, Acanthocinus obliquus (LeConte) and Acmaeops proteus (Kirby), also were frequently collected. Flight trap data indicated that some species were present throughout the summer, whereas others were caught only at the beginning or end of the summer. PMID:18459406

Costello, Sheryl L; Negrón, José F; Jacobi, William R

2008-04-01

494

Biological characteristics of the blue sucker in the James River and the Big Sioux River, South Dakota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Little is known about the relative abundance and biology of the blue sucker (Cycleptus elongatus), a species that may be declining in some parts of its range. We described the age, growth, condition, length distribution, and habitat preference of the blue sucker in two South Dakota rivers. Specimens were collected from the James River (n=74) and Big Sioux River (n=28) during the summer of 2000. Although five macrohabitats were sampled with electrofishing and hoopnets, most individuals were collected from riffle habitats and downstream of rock dams. Total length-weight relationships were log10W=-6.14+3.37(log10L) (r2 = 0.92) for blue suckers from the James River and log10W = -6.52+3.50(log10L) (r2 = 0.97) for fish from the Big Sioux River. Mean condition factors (K = W(105)/L3) of blue suckers were 0.79 (SE = 0.07) for the James River and 0.73 (SE = 0.07) for the Big Sioux River. Blue suckers between 500 and 700 mm dominated length distributions (range = 374-717 mm) of both samples. Ages ranged from two to nine years, but six-year-old fish were captured most frequently. Blue suckers grew rapidly during juvenile stages (< age 5); however, growth slowed afterward.

Morey, N.M.; Berry, C.R., Jr.

2003-01-01