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1

Design, synthesis, and biological activities of aromatic gossypol schiff base derivatives.  

PubMed

A series of aromatic gossypol Schiff bases have been successfully synthesized via a feasible chemical modification. The antiviral activity against tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) of these gossypol Schiff bases has been tested for the first time. The bioassay studies indicated most of these derivatives exhibited excellent anti-TMV activity, in which o-trifluoromethylaniline Schiff base (19) displayed the best antiviral activities. Furthermore, compound 19 exhibited an eminent anti-TMV effect in the field and low toxicity to mice. These results suggest it is a promising candidate for the inhibitor of plant virus. PMID:25386768

Li, Ling; Li, Zheng; Wang, Kailiang; Zhao, Sheng; Feng, Jiming; Li, Jiarui; Yang, Peiwen; Liu, Yuxiu; Wang, Lizhong; Li, Yongqiang; Shang, Hui; Wang, Qingmin

2014-11-19

2

Charge-transfer complexes of pyrimidine Schiff bases with aromatic nitro compounds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Charge-transfer (CT) complexes of pyrimidine Schiff bases, derived from condensation of 2-aminopyrimidine and substituted benzaldehydes, with some aromatic polynitro compounds were prepared and investigated using IR, UV, visible and 1H NMR spectroscopy. For all solid complexes, the main interaction between the donor and acceptor molecules takes place through the ?-?* interaction. Strong and some weak acidic acceptors, in addition interact through proton transfer from the acceptor molecule to the basic centre of the electron donor. Also, an n-?* transition was detected in some complexes.

Issa, Yousry M.; El Ansary, A. L.; Sherif, O. E.; Hassib, H. B.

2011-08-01

3

Preparation and characterisation of new oxovanadium(IV) Schiff base complexes derived from amino acids and aromatic o-hydroxyaldehydes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A range of mostly new oxovanadium(IV) complexes is described. They contain coordinated Schiff bases, made from natural amino acids (glycine, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, aspartic acid, and histidine) and salicylaldehyde or such derivatives as 3-, 4-, or 5-methoxy-salicylaldehyde. The coordination sphere is completed by simple ligands like water, 2,2?-bipyridyl or pyridine. The compounds are characterised and the

J. Costa Pessoa; I. Cavaco; I. Correia; M. T. Duarte; R. D. Gillard; R. T. Henriques; F. J. Higes; C. Madeira; I. Tomaz

1999-01-01

4

Synthesis, Spectral, and Biological Properties of Copper(II) Complexes of Thiosemicarbazones of Schiff Bases Derived from 4-Aminoantipyrine and Aromatic Aldehydes  

PubMed Central

We have synthesized a novel series of Schiff bases by condensation of 4-aminoantipyrine and various aromatic aldehydes followed by reaction with thiosemicarbazide. These thiosemicarbazones are potential ligands toward transition metal ions. The reaction of copper(II) salts with 4[N-(benzalidene)amino]antipyrinethiosemicarbazone (BAAPTS), 4[N-(4?-methoxybenzalidene) amino] antipyrinethiosemicarbozone (MBAAPTS), 4[N-(4?-dimethylamino benzalidene) amino] antipyrinethiosemicarbazone (DABAAPTS), and 4[N-(cinnamalidene) amino] antipyrinethiosemicarbazone (CAAPTS) resulted in the formation of solid complexes with the general composition CuX2 · (H2O)(L)(X = Cl, Br,NO3,NCS, or CH3COO; L = BAAPTS, MBAAPTS, DABAAPTS, or CAAPTS). These complexes were characterized through elemental analysis, molecular weight, electrical conductance, infrared, electronic spectra, and magnetic susceptibilities at room temperature. Copper(II) complexes with BAAPTS and MBAAPTS were screened for antibacterial and antifungal properties and have exhibited potential activity. Thermal stabilities of two representative complexes were also investigated. PMID:17497009

Agarwal, Ram K.; Singh, Lakshman; Sharma, Deepak Kumar

2006-01-01

5

Anomeric and tautomeric equilibria in D-2-glucosamine Schiff bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of some glucosamine Schiff bases has been studied by means of ab initio RHF and DFT calculation and CP/MAS 13C and 15N NMR measurements. The anomeric and tautomeric equilibria in a DMSO solution have been studied by 1H, 13C and 15N NMR spectroscopy. The anomeric composition of D-2-glucosamine Schiff bases in the solid state and in DMSO solution has been shown to depends on the tautomeric form of Schiff bases and electronic properties of substituents on the aromatic ring.

Ko?odziej, B.; Grech, E.; Schilf, W.; Kamie?ski, B.; Makowski, M.; Rozwadowski, Z.; Dziembowska, T.

2007-11-01

6

Synthesis, spectral, crystallography and thermal investigations of novel Schiff base complexes of manganese (III) derived from heterocyclic ?-diketone with aromatic and aliphatic diamine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff base tetradentate ligands N,N-bis-(3,5-dimethyl-1-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-4-ylmethylene)-ethane-1,2-diamine (H 2L 1), N,N-bis-(3,5-dimethyl-1-p-sulfonyl-1H-pyrazol-4-ylmethylene)-ethane-1,2-diamine (H 2L 2), N,N-bis-(3,5-dimethyl-1-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-4-ylmethylene)-benzene-1,2-diamine (H 2L 3) and N,N-bis-(3,5-dimethyl-1-p-sulfonyl-1H-pyrazol-4-ylmethylene)-benzene-1,2-diamine (H 2L 4) were prepared from the reaction between 5-oxo-3-methyl-1-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carbaldehyde or 4-(4-formyl-5-oxo-3-methyl-pyrazol-1-yl)-benzenesulfonic acid and o-phenylenediamine or ethylenediamine. And these are characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR and GC-MS. The corresponding Schiff base complexes of Mn(III) were prepared by condensation of [Mn 3(? 3-O)(OAc) 6(H 2O) 3]·3H 2O with ligands H 2L 1, H 2L 2, H 2L 3 and H 2L 4. All these complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, X-ray crystallography, conductometry measurement, FT-IR, electronic spectra and mass (FAB) spectrometry. Thermal behaviour of the complexes has been studied by TGA, DTA and DSC. Electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate octahedral stereochemistry of manganese (III) complexes, while non-electrolytic behaviour complexes indicate the absence of counter ion.

Surati, Kiran R.; Thaker, B. T.

2010-01-01

7

Synthesis and characterization of Schiff's bases of sulfamethoxazole  

PubMed Central

Background Schiff's bases are excellent ligands which are synthesized from the condensation of primary amines with carbonyl groups. Findings The classical reaction for the synthesis of Schiff's bases in an ethanolic solution and glacial acetic acid as a catalyst was followed in the synthesis of substituted sulfamethoxazole compounds. Conclusions Some Schiff's bases containing sulfamethoxazole nucleus have been synthesized and characterized. The present compounds are hoped to be applied in the photostability of PVC. PMID:24576663

2014-01-01

8

Factors determining tautomeric equilibria in Schiff bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schiff bases derived from o-hydroxyaldehydes present keto and enol tautomeric forms; the relative equilibrium between these two tautomers depending on the particular aldehyde the Schiff bases is derived from. Thus benzaldehyde produces a stable enol tautomer, while a naphthaldehyde produces a mixture of keto and enol tautomers. The energy difference between these tautomers is very small (˜5 kJ/mol) and therefore close to current precision limits of ab initio and DFT based quantum calculations. NMR spectroscopy results, which allows for the determination of the stable structure when one tautomer is prevalent, can be very difficult to interpret when both tautomers are present. We calculate energy differences between the tautomers and demonstrate that the precision of current DFT calculations is not sufficient to predict the most stable structure. On the other hand, DFT calculations of the NMR chemical shifts (using the GIAO technique) can properly interpret the spectroscopy results allowing the characterization of the experimentally present tautomers and the estimation of the relative abundance of each when both are present.

Flores-Leonar, Martha; Esturau-Escofet, Nuria; Méndez-Stivalet, José M.; Marín-Becerra, Armando; Amador-Bedolla, Carlos

2011-12-01

9

Model studies of pyridoxal Schiff's bases. Coplanarity and intramolecular hydrogen bonding.  

PubMed

The interactions between the pi cloud of the aromatic ring and the pi-electron pair of the imine double bond of aromatic oximes as model compounds of pyridoxal Schiff's bases have been studied by high-resolution carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The coplanarity and intramolecular hydrogen bonding have been determined by 13C-1H long range couplings. This detailed investigation of 13C-1H coupling also provides unambiguous proof of the existence of the "enol-imine" tautomers in chloroform and dimethyl sulfoxide solutions. The tautomerism between the "enol-imine" and "keto-enamine" is discussed. PMID:833823

Chang, C; Shieh, T L; Floss, H G

1977-01-01

10

Poly(aroylene-bisbenzimidazoles) and Polyimides Based on Aromatized Adducts of Bisf urans with Maleic Anhydride  

Microsoft Academic Search

A synthesis procedure has been developed for dianhydrides of the aromatic tetracarboxylic acids which are the starting compounds for producing poly(aroylene-bisbenzimidazoles) (PAB) and polyimides (PI). The procedure involves Diels-Alder reaction between maleic anhydride and bisfurans-Schiff bases of furfurol or 5-phenylfurfurol with aromatic diamines, bis(?-furyl)arylenes, cyclic acetals of furfurol and pentaerythritol, or other tetramethylol derivatives and bisfurfuryl esters of the aromatic

A. A. Berlin; B. I. Liogonkii; B. I. Zapadinskii; E. A. Kazantzeva; A. O. Stankevich

1977-01-01

11

Novel gadolinium poly(vinyl chloride) membrane sensor based on a new S–N Schiff’s base  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, a novel gadolinium membrane sensor based on new S–N Schiff,s base (2-[{3-[(2-sulfanylphenyl)imino)-1-methylbutylidene}amino]phenyl hydrosulfide (SMPH) is presented. The sensor displays a linear dynamic range between 1.0×10?1 and 1.0×10?5M, with a nice Nernstian slope of 19.8±0.3mV per decade and a detection limit of 3.0×10?6M. The best performance was obtained with a membrane composition of 33% poly(vinyl chloride), 61% benzyl

Mohammad Reza Ganjali; Mahdi Emami; Morteza Rezapour; Mojtaba Shamsipur; Bozorgmehr Maddah; Masoud Salavati-Niasari; Morteza Hosseini; Zahra Talebpoui

2003-01-01

12

In vivo cytogenetic studies on rat's bone-marrow cells of structurally related Schiff base complexes.  

PubMed

The in vivo interactions of structurally-related Ni(II) and Fe(III) Schiff base complexes based on N-(8-quinolyl)salicylaldimine (HL(1)) and N-(8-quinolyl)napthaldimine (HL(2)) ligands with DNA molecules in the bone-marrow cells of rats were demonstrated using chromosomal aberrations (CAs) assay. The complexes differ by one aromatic group on the aldehyde site of the Schiff base (basicity or lipophilicity), or by the type of the central metal ions (Ni(II) or Fe(III)). Animals were injected intraperitoneally (i.p) with different concentrations of each drug, and CAs were examined in bone-marrow cells, 15 hours later. A significant increase in the frequency of CAs was induced upon treatment with 15?mg / kg weight of L(1) complexes (P < 0.001), and not with L(2) complexes (P > 0.05). Also, the magnitude of aberrations induced by L(1)-Ni(II) was higher than that induced by L(1)-Fe(III) (P < 0.01). The binding data, estimated using UV-Visible absorption technique, showed that the metal binding of HL(1) was much greater than that of HL(2) and that the affinity of HL(1) towards Ni(II) is higher than that for Fe(III) ions. Thus, the trends in the presented in vivo results signify the important role of complex stability in predicting the clastogenicity of metal-ion-chelating Schiff base drugs. PMID:20958107

Saleh, Na'il; Khabour, Omar F; Esmadi, Fatima T; Al-Kofahi, Etizaz

2011-01-01

13

Synthesis and antiproliferative activities of novel 5'-Schiff-base group substituted psoralen derivatives.  

PubMed

It was found that psoralen derivative could perform a Friedel-Crafts acylation smoothly with acetic anhydride to give 5'-acetylpsoralen in a 73% yield. In the presence of boron trifluoride etherate, 5'-acetylpsoralen reacted with both aromatic amines and aliphatic amine smoothly to afford 5'-Schiff-base group substituted psoralen derivatives in 72%-92% yields. The novel synthetic method has the advantages of cheap materials, mild reaction conditions, good yields and high regioselectivity in the Friedel-Crafts acylation. Cell viability assay by MTT demonstrates that some of the psoralen derivatives 6 have antiproliferative activities. PMID:21462896

Chen, Chao-Yue; Sun, Jian-Guo; Huang, Zhi-Zhen; Kwok, Tim-Tak; Fung, Kwok-Pui; Wu, Ping; Liu, Fei-Yan

2011-01-01

14

Electrochemistry of transition metal complexes of Schiff base compartmental ligands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrochemical behaviour of a series of mononuclear and dinuclear complexes of dioxouranium(VI), nickel(II) and copper(II) ions with the Schiff base, H4fsalacen, derived from the condensation of 3-formylsalicylic acid and 1,2-diaminoethane, is reported.

Piero Zanello; Sergio Tamburini; Pietro Alessandro Vigato; Gian Antonio Mazzocchin

1984-01-01

15

Synthesis of novel bisindolylmethane Schiff bases and their antibacterial activity.  

PubMed

In an effort to develop new antibacterial drugs, some novel bisindolylmethane derivatives containing Schiff base moieties were prepared and screened for their antibacterial activity. The synthesis of the bisindolylmethane Schiff base derivatives 3-26 was carried out in three steps. First, the nitro group of 3,3'-((4-nitrophenyl)-methylene)bis(1H-indole) (1) was reduced to give the amino substituted bisindolylmethane 2 without affecting the unsaturation of the bisindolylmethane moiety using nickel boride in situ generated. Reduction of compound 1 using various catalysts showed that combination of sodium borohydride and nickel acetate provides the highest yield for compound 2. Bisindolylmethane Schiff base derivatives were synthesized by coupling various benzaldehydes with amino substituted bisindolylmethane 2. All synthesized compounds were characterized by various spectroscopic methods. The bisindolylmethane Schiff base derivatives were evaluated against selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains. Derivatives having halogen and nitro substituent display weak to moderate antibacterial activity against Salmonella typhi, S. paratyphi A and S. paratyphi B. PMID:25102118

Imran, Syahrul; Taha, Muhammad; Ismail, Nor Hadiani; Khan, Khalid Mohammed; Naz, Farzana; Hussain, Memona; Tauseef, Saima

2014-01-01

16

Mononuclear and tetranuclear Fe(III) complexes with two different types of N, O donor Schiff base ligands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mononuclear Fe(III) complex of a tetradentate N2O2 donor Schiff base ligand derived from 3-ethoxysalicaldehyde and ethylenediamine has been reported. In addition two tetranuclear Fe(III) complexes with discrete Fe4III(?4-O) cores have been synthesized and characterized using two Schiff base ligands (H2L1-2) derived from two different aromatic acid hydrazides and diacetyl monoxime. The mononuclear Fe(III) and one of the tetranuclear Fe(III) complexes have been structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The mononuclear complex has a highly distorted octahedral geometry. The tetranuclear Fe(III) complexes are found to be rare examples with discrete neutral alkoxido-oxido clusters with Fe4III(?4-O) cores.

Sutradhar, Manas; Roy Barman, Tannistha; Drew, Michael G. B.; Rentschler, Eva

2013-06-01

17

Interaction of Schiff base ligand with tin dioxide nanoparticles: optical studies.  

PubMed

Interaction between 1,4 Bis ((2-Methyl) thio) Phenylamino methyl benzene (BMTPMB) Schiff base with tin dioxide nanoparticles (SnO2 NPs) of various concentrations in methanol have been studied using UV-Visible and Fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. The low value of Stern-Volmer quenching constant and non-linear plot of Benesi-Hildebrand equation suggests the less affinity of SnO2 NPs towards the adsorption of BMTPMB Schiff base. The Scott equation has been employed to determine molar absorptivity of the Schiff base-NPs system. PMID:23770505

Rani, J Suvetha; Ramakrishnan, V

2013-10-01

18

Chiral Schiff Base Ruthenium(II) Carbonyl Complexes: Synthesis, Characterization, Catalytic and Antibacterial Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chiral Schiff base ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes of the type [Ru(CO)(L?)(B)] (L?= tetradentate Schiff bases; B=PPh3, pyridine (py), piperidine (pip) or morpholine (morph)) has been synthesised by the reactions of [RuHCl(CO)(PPh3)2(B)] (B=PPh3 or py or pip or morph) with appropriate Schiff bases having the donor groups (O,N) viz., bis[3(1??naphthyl)salicylidenecyclohexanediimine] (L1)  or bis[3(1??naphthyl)salicylidenepropylenediimine] (L2) or bis[3(1??naphthyl)salicylidenediphenyldiimine] (L3) in 1?1 molar ratio. Complexes have

T. Daniel Thangadurai

2006-01-01

19

Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of biodegradable films prepared from Schiff bases of zein.  

PubMed

Pure zein is known to be very hydrophobic, but is still inappropriate for coating and film applications because of their brittle nature. In an attempt to improve the flexibility and the antimicrobial activity of these coatings and films, Chemical modification of zein through forming Schiff bases with different phenolic aldhydes was tried. Influence of this modifications on mechanical, topographical, wetting properties and antimicrobial activity of zein films were evaluated. The chemical structure of the Schiff bases films were characterized by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. The results indicate an improvement in mechanical properties with chemically modification of zein to form Schiff bases leading to a reduction in the elastic modulus. An increase in the elongation at break has been observed, but with slight influence on tensile strength. Plasticized zein films have similar initial contact angle (?40°). An increase in reaction temperature and time increases film's affinity towards water. As shown by contact angle measurements, a noticeable relation was found between film composition and the hydrophilicity. Surface topography also varied by forming Schiff bases, becoming rougher than zein-based films. The antibacterial activities of zein and Schiff bases of zein-based films were investigated against gram-positive bacteria (Listeria innocua, Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus and Clostridium sporogenes) and gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Yersinia enterocolitica and Salmonella enterica). It was found that the antibacterial activity of the Schiff bases-based films was more effective than that of zein-based films. PMID:25328181

Soliman, E A; Khalil, A A; Deraz, S F; El-Fawal, G; Elrahman, S Abd

2014-10-01

20

Deng & Schiff, Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells rev. 7/30/2002, Page 1 Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells  

E-print Network

Deng & Schiff, Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells rev. 7/30/2002, Page 1 Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells Xunming Deng and Eric A. Schiff Table of Contents 1 Overview 3 1.1 Amorphous Silicon: The First Bipolar Amorphous Semiconductor 3 1.2 Designs for Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells: A Guided Tour 6

Deng, Xunming

21

Deuterium isotope effects on 13C chemical shifts of lithium salts of Schiff bases amino acids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The deuterium isotope effects on 13C chemical shift of Schiff bases lithium salts, derivatives of amino acids (glycine, L-alanine, L-phenylalanine, L-valine, L-leucine, L-isoleucine and L-methionine) and 2-hydroxynaphthaldehyde in D 2O as well as UV-vis spectra in different solvents have been measured. The results have shown that the lithium salts of the Schiff bases exist in the proton transferred NH form with intramolecular hydrogen bond in water.

Rozwadowski, Z.

2005-10-01

22

Chromotropism Behavior and Biological Activity of some Schiff Base-Mixed Ligand Transition Metal Complexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report about a series of mono-nuclear and bi-nuclear complexes with acyclic as well as macro-cyclic ligands, which have been synthesized with Schiff base ligands in tri- tetra and pentadentate forms. The bonding sites on complex formation are mainly the azomethine groups and\\/or imide nitrogen, ketonic oxygen or sulphur atoms. Complexes of two series of Schiff base ligands, H2La and

Azza A. A. Abou-Hussen; Wolfgang Linert

2009-01-01

23

Schiff bases of 3-formylchromone as thymidine phosphorylase inhibitors.  

PubMed

3-Formylchromone (1), 3-methyl-7-hydroxychromone (2) and Schiff bases of 3-formylchromone 3-19 have been synthesized and their anti-thymidine phosphorylase inhibitory activity was evaluated. Compounds 1-19 showed a varying degree of thymidine phosphorylase inhibition with IC(50) values 19.77+/-3.25 to 480.21+/-2.34 microM. Their activity was compared with the standard 7-deazaxanthine (IC(50)=39.28+/-0.76 microM). Compound 12 showed an excellent thymidine phosphorylase inhibitory activity with an IC(50) value of 19.77+/-3.25 microM, better than the standard. Compound 4 also showed an excellent inhibitory activity (IC(50)=40.29+/-4.56 microM). The parent 3-formylchromone (1) and 3-methyl-7-hydroxychromone (2) were found to be inactive. The structures of the compounds were elucidated by using spectroscopic techniques, including (1)H NMR, EI MS, IR, UV and elemental analysis. PMID:19329330

Khan, Khalid Mohammed; Ambreen, Nida; Hussain, Sajjad; Perveen, Shahnaz; Choudhary, M Iqbal

2009-04-15

24

Characterizing some gossypol and gossypolone Schiff's bases by studying their fragmentation patterns with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectra  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the structural form of gossypol and gossypolone Schiff's bases, seven relevant Schiff's bases were synthesized and the electrospray ionization–tandem mass spectrometry (ESI–MS\\/MS) with low-energy collision-induced dissociation was used to analyze their fragmentations. A common fragmentation pathway with the loss of RNH2 from those schiff's bases quasi-molecular ions was observed and proposed on the basis of their MS\\/MS spectra

Long Zhang; Xing Xin Cao; Hai Xia Jiang; Biao Jiang; Yu Xin Cui

2009-01-01

25

Novel lanthanum(III) membrane sensor based on a new NS Schiff’s base  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel lanthanum(III) sensor based on bis(thiophenal)phenylen-1,3-diamine (TPD) is described. The sensor was prepared by incorporating the TPD into plasticized PVC membrane. The sensor displays high selectivity for lanthanum with respect to many common alkali, alkaline earth, transition and heavy metal ions. The effect of membrane composition and pH and influence of additive anionic on the response properties of were

Mohammad Reza Ganjali; Mahnaz Qomi; Azadeh Daftari; Parviz Norouzi; Masoud Salavati-Niasari; Mohammad Rabbani

2004-01-01

26

A heterobimetallic Ga/Yb-Schiff base complex for catalytic asymmetric alpha-addition of isocyanides to aldehydes.  

PubMed

Development of a new heterobimetallic Ga(O-iPr)(3)/Yb(OTf)(3)/Schiff base 2d complex for catalytic asymmetric alpha-additions of isocyanides to aldehydes is described. Schiff base 2d derived from o-vanillin was suitable to utilize cationic rare earth metal triflates with good Lewis acidity in bimetallic Schiff base catalysis. The Ga(O-iPr)(3)/Yb(OTf)(3)/Schiff base 2d complex promoted asymmetric alpha-additions of alpha-isocyanoacetamides to aryl, heteroaryl, alkenyl, and alkyl aldehydes in good to excellent enantioselectivity (88-98% ee). PMID:19485325

Mihara, Hisashi; Xu, Yingjie; Shepherd, Nicholas E; Matsunaga, Shigeki; Shibasaki, Masakatsu

2009-06-24

27

Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Antibacterial Activities of Two Schiff Base Zinc(II) Complexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two new mononuclear Schiff base zinc(II) complexes, [ZnBr2L1] · CH3OH (1) and [ZnBr2L2] · H2O (2) (L1=1?[(2?ethylaminoethylimino)methyl]naphthalen?2?olate, L2=4?bromo?2?[(2?methylaminoethylimino)methyl]phenolate), have been obtained from a similar synthetic procedure. The complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses and single crystal X?ray determinations. In each of the complexes, the zinc(II) atom is four?coordinated by one imine N and one phenolate O atoms from a Schiff base ligand, and

2006-01-01

28

Influence of Schiff base and lanthanide metals on the synthesis, stability, and reactivity of monoamido lanthanide complexes bearing two Schiff bases.  

PubMed

The monoamido lanthanide complexes stabilized by Schiff base ligand L(2)LnN(TMS)(2) (L = 3,5-Bu(t)(2)-2-(O)-C(6)H(2)CH?N-8-C(9)H(6)N, Ln = Yb (1), Y (2), Eu (3), Nd (4), and La (5)) were synthesized in good yields by the reactions of Ln[N(TMS)(2)](3) with 1.8 equiv of HL in hexane at room temperature. It was found that the stability of 1-5 depends greatly on the size of the lanthanide metals with the increasing trend of Yb ? Y < Nd < La. The amine elimination of Ln[N(TMS)(2)](3) with the bulky bidentate Schiff base HL' (L' = 3,5-Bu(t)(2)-2-(O)-C(6)H(2)CH?N-2,6-Pr(i)(2)-C(6)H(3)) afforded the monoamido lanthanide complexes L'(2)LnN(TMS)(2) (Ln = Yb (9), Y (10), Nd (11), and La (12)). While the amine elimination with the less bulky Schiff base HL'' (L'' = 3,5-Bu(t)(2)-2-(O)-C(6)H(2)CH?N-2,6-Me(2)-C(6)H(3)) yielded the desired monoamido complexes with the small metals of Y and Yb, L''(2)LnN(TMS)(2) (Ln = Yb (13) and Y (14)), and the more stable tris-Schiff base complexes with the large metals of La and Nd, yielded L''(3)Ln as the only product. Complexes 1-14 were fully characterized including X-ray crystal structural analysis. Complexes 1-5, 10, and 14 can serve as the efficient catalysts for addition of amines to carbodiimides, and the catalytic activity is greatly affected by the lanthanide metals with the active sequence of Yb < Y < Eu ? Nd ? La. PMID:21319780

Han, Fubin; Teng, Qiaoqiao; Zhang, Yong; Wang, Yaorong; Shen, Qi

2011-03-21

29

Rapid Photodynamics of Vitamin B6 Coenzyme Pyridoxal 5-Phosphate and Its Schiff Bases in Solution  

E-print Network

Rapid Photodynamics of Vitamin B6 Coenzyme Pyridoxal 5-Phosphate and Its Schiff Bases in Solution, 2007; In Final Form: February 4, 2008 The active form of vitamin B6, pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PLP (absorbing at 410 nm) tautomers in solution. 1. Introduction Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PLP), one form of vitamin

Toney, Michael

30

Olefin Metathesis Mediated By: - Schiff Base Ru-Alkylidenes -Ru-Alkylidenes Bearing Unsymmetrical NH Ligands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The classic Grubbs second-generation complex 2 was modified through 1. The introduction of a bidentate Schiff base ligand 2. Changes in the amino side groups of the NHC ligand Representative olefin metathesis test reactions show the effects induced by the ligand modifications and demonstrate some interesting new properties of the described catalysts. catalysts.

Monsaert, Stijn; Voort, Pascal Van Der; Ledoux, Nele; Allaert, Bart; Drozdzak, Renata; Verpoort, Francis

31

Synthesis, antibacterial activities and molecular docking studies of peptide and Schiff bases as targeted antibiotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of peptide and Schiff bases (PSB) were synthesized by reacting salicylic acid, primary diamines with salicylaldehyde or its derivatives, and 40 of which were newly reported. The inhibitory activities against Escherichia coli ?-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III (ecKAS III) were investigated in vitro and molecular docking simulation also surveyed. Top 10 PSB compounds which posses both good inhibitory

Kui Cheng; Qing-Zhong Zheng; Yong Qian; Lei Shi; Jing Zhao; Hai-Liang Zhu

2009-01-01

32

Kinetic resonance Raman spectroscopy: dynamics of deprotonation of the Schiff base of bacteriorhodopsin.  

PubMed

We have developed a kinetic technique, combining resonance Raman spectroscopy and variable-speed continuous flow methods, to study molecular dynamics of isolated sites in macromolecules. Kinetic resonance Raman spectra of the retinylidence chromophore of bacteriorhodopsin have been obtained and the dynamics of the deprotonation of the Schiff base linkage is discussed. PMID:841330

Marcus, M A; Lewis, A

1977-03-25

33

Digital logic circuit based on a single molecular system of salicylidene Schiff base.  

PubMed

The salicylidene Schiff base N-3,5-dichloro-salicylidene-(S)-alpha-phenylethylamine (SPEA) has been synthesized and characterized. Stimulated by one optical input (UV light) and two chemical inputs (OH(-) and Zn(2+)), SPEA undergoes reactions of photochemistry, deprotonation, and complexation. Tailing these reactions by means of the UV-vis absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra, two obvious optical outputs, an absorption band at 323 nm and a fluorescent emission peak at 460 nm, have been obtained. On the basis of encoding binary digits in these inputs and outputs applying positive logic conventions, one monomolecular circuit, which integrates one OR, two NOT, and four AND gates, has been achieved. PMID:17134179

Zhao, Liyan; Sui, Dan; Chai, Jia; Wang, Yue; Jiang, Shimei

2006-12-01

34

Photophysical properties of Schiff's bases from 3-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)-2-hydroxy naphthalene-1-carbaldehyde  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of novel Schiff's bases have been synthesized from 3-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)-2-hydroxynaphthalene-1-carbaldehyde. The presence of hydroxyl group ortho to the benzothiazolyl group as well as the imine linkage lead to the occurrence of excited state intramolecular proton transfer process. The computational strategy was used to study the ESIPT process of the synthesized Schiff's bases, which revealed surprisingly that the keto form predominantly exists in the ground state contradicting the ESIPT process. Density functional theory and time dependent density functional theory have been used to investigate the structural parameters and photophysical properties in different solvents of one of the Schiff's bases. The experimental results correlate well with the computed results. All Schiff's bases show good thermal stability.

Satam, Manjaree A.; Telore, Rahul D.; Sekar, Nagaiyan

2014-11-01

35

Synthesis, Dioxygen Affinities and Biomimetic Catalytic Oxidation Performance of Crown Ether-tethered Schiff Base Transition-Metal Complexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mono-Schiff bases containing crown ether ring (HL1, HL2, HL3 and HL4) and their transition-metal complexes were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR, IR, MS spectra and elemental analysis. The crystal structures of HL1, HL3 and CoL21 were determined from X-ray diffraction data. The oxygenation constants (Ko2) of Schiff-base Co (II) complexes were measured over a range of ?5°C to 25°C,

Wei Zeng; Zhihua Mao; Xingyao Wei; Jianzhang Li; Zhou Hong; Shengying Qin

2002-01-01

36

Innovation in acid pickling treatments of copper by characterizations of a new series of Schiff bases as corrosion inhibitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Aims to investigate the inhibitive effect of the new series of Schiff base molecules, namely, N, N?-ethylen-bis(salicylidenimine) [S1], N, N?-isopropylen-bis(salicylidenimine) [S2] and N, N?-Ortho-phenylen acetyl acetone imine, (2-hydroxy Benzophenone imine) [S3] on corrosion of copper during acid pickling treatment in 1 M HCl solution. Effects of concentration and temperature on the inhibition efficiencies of the selected Schiff bases

Maryam Ehteshamzadeh; Taghi Shahrabi; Mirghasem Hosseini

2006-01-01

37

Preparation, spectral studies, theoretical, electrochemical and antibacterial investigation of a new Schiff base and its some metal complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Schiff base ligand, 1,6-Bis(2-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)-4-chlorophenoxy)hexane was synthesized. Some Schiff metal complexes of the new Schiff base were prepared by the reaction of some metal salts and the Schiff base. The complexes are non-electrolytes as shown by their molar conductivities (?M). The structures of metal complexes are proposed from elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV-vis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, molar conductivity measurements, mass spectra and thermal gravimetric analysis. In addition theoretical 1H NMR, HOMO-LUMO studies of the ligand; antimicrobial and cyclic voltammetric studies of the compounds were also carried out. In this study antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the compounds were examined via in vitro methods.

Ilhan, S.; Baykara, H.; Seyitoglu, M. S.; Levent, A.; Özdemir, S.; Dündar, A.; Öztomsuk, A.; Cornejo, M. H.

2014-10-01

38

Schiff's Bases and Crown Ethers as Supramolecular Sensing Materials in the Construction of Potentiometric Membrane Sensors  

PubMed Central

Ionophore incorporated PVC membrane sensors are well-established analytical tools routinely used for the selective and direct measurement of a wide variety of different ions in complex biological and environmental samples. Potentiometric sensors have some outstanding advantages including simple design and operation, wide linear dynamic range, relatively fast response and rational selectivity. The vital component of such plasticized PVC members is the ionophore involved, defining the selectivity of the electrodes' complex formation. Molecular recognition causes the formation of many different supramolecules. Different types of supramolecules, like calixarenes, cyclodextrins and podands, have been used as a sensing material in the construction of ion selective sensors. Schiff's bases and crown ethers, which feature prominently in supramolecular chemistry, can be used as sensing materials in the construction of potentiometric ion selective electrodes. Up to now, more than 200 potentiometric membrane sensors for cations and anions based on Schiff's bases and crown ethers have been reported. In this review cation binding and anion complexes will be described. Liquid membrane sensors based on Schiff's bases and crown ethers will then be discussed.

Faridbod, Farnoush; Ganjali, Mohammad Reza; Dinarvand, Rassoul; Norouzi, Parviz; Riahi, Siavash

2008-01-01

39

Synthesis, characterization and structure effects on selectivity properties of silica gel covalently bonded diethylenetriamine mono- and bis-salicyaldehyde and naphthaldehyde Schiff ,s bases towards some heavy metal ions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four silica gel-immobilized new metal chelate Schiff,s bases were synthesized (I–IV). Silica gel chemically bonded diethylenetriamine mono-naphthaldehyde and mono-salicyaldehyde Schiff's bases (phases I and III) were produced via the interaction of silica gel-modified diethylenetriamine with naphthaldehyde and salicylaldehyde, respectively. However, phases II and IV arose through the interaction of bis-naphthaldehyde and bis-salicylaldehyde Schiff,s bases of diethylenetriamine with 3-chloropropyltrimethoxysilane modified silica

Ezzat M Soliman; Mohamed E Mahmoud; Salwa A Ahmed

2001-01-01

40

Thermal lens technique to evaluate the fluorescence quantum yield of a schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fluorescence spectrum of the schiff base obtained from salicylaldehyde and 2-aminophenol is studied using an argon-ion laser as the excitation source and its fluorescence quantum yield (Qf) is determined using a thermal lens method. This is a nondestructive technique that gives the absolute value of Qf without the need for a fluorescence standard. The quantum-yield values are calculated for various concentrations of the solution in chloroform and also for various excitation wavelengths. The value of Qf is relatively high, and is concentration dependent. The maximum value of Qf obtained is nearly 0.78. The high value of the fluorescence quantum yield will render the schiff base useful as a fluorescent marker for biological applications. Photostability and gain studies will assess its suitability as a laser dye.

Santhi, A.; Kala, U. L.; Nedumpara, R. J.; Kurian, A.; Kurup, M. R. P.; Radhakrishnan, P.; Nampoori, V. P. N.

2004-09-01

41

Synthesis, characterization, tautomerism and theoretical study of some new Schiff base derivatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Schiff base derivatives were prepared by the condensation of 5-chloro and 5-bromo salicylaldehyde with bis( o-aminophenol)ethers. Five bis( o-nitrophenol)ether compounds were synthesized using some ditosylate, 1,3-dibromopropane and 1,4-dibromobuthane with o-nitrophenol. These compounds were reduced to bis( o-aminophenol)ethers. The products have been characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, 1H, 13C NMR, HETCOR and HMBC spectroscopic techniques. The tautomerisms of all of the Schiff bases compounds were determined in DMSO, CHCl 3, C 2H 5OH and C 6H 12 solvents and in both acidic and basic media using the UV-vis spectrophotometric method. The heat of formation (? Hf), enthalpy (? H), entropy (? S), Gibbs free energy (? Gf and ? G), stable isomers, conformations and tautomers of the synthesized compounds are calculated using the MOPAC2009 (PM6) program.

Türko?lu, Gül?en; Berber, Halil; Dal, Hakan; Ö?retir, Cemil

2011-09-01

42

Spectroscopic and semiempirical studies of new Schiff base of gossypol with allylamine in solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff base of racemic gossypol with allylamine (GSBAL) has been studied by FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy as well as by the PM5 semiempirical method. The spectroscopic methods have shown that GSBAL Schiff base exists in chloroform solution as enamine-enamine tautomer. The structure of GSBAL and the hydrogen bonds within this structure have been calculated to show that the allyl groups are out-of-planes of naphthalene rings. The strongest intramolecular hydrogen bond within the structure of GSBAL is formed between O 7⋯H-N 16 atoms and it belongs to the medium strong bonds. The other hydrogen bonds, although very weak, play a very important role in stabilising the GSBAL enamine-enamine structure.

Przybylski, Piotr; Ma?uszy?ska, Maria; Brzezinski, Bogumi?

2005-08-01

43

Novel polymer anchored Cr(III) Schiff base complexes: synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial properties.  

PubMed

New polymer-bound Schiff bases and Cr(III) complexes have been synthesized by the reaction of 4-benzyloxybenzaldehyde, polymer-bound with 2-aminophenol, 2-amino-4-chlorophenol and 2-amino-4-methylphenol. The structure of polymeric-Schiff bases and their Cr(III) complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic measurements, IR, UV-Vis, TG-DTA and (1)H-NMR. All these compounds have also been investigated for antibacterial activity by the well-diffusion method against Staphylococcus aureus (RSKK-07035), Shigella dysenteria type 10 (RSKK 1036), Listeria monocytogenes 4b(ATCC 19115, Escherichia coli (ATCC 1230), Salmonella typhi H (NCTC 901.8394), Staphylococcus epidermis (ATCC 12228), Brucella abortus (RSKK-03026), Micrococcs luteus (ATCC 93419, Bacillus cereus sp., Pseudomonas putida sp. and for antifungal activity against Candida albicans (Y-1200-NIH). PMID:22622060

Selvi, Canan; Nartop, Dilek

2012-09-01

44

Proton transfer assisted charge transfer phenomena in photochromic Schiff bases and effect of -NEt2 groups to the anil Schiff bases.  

PubMed

Photochromic Schiff bases 5-diethylamino-2-[(4-diethylamino-benzylidene)-hydrazonomethyl]-phenol (DDBHP) and N,N'-bis(4-N,N-diethylaminosalisalidene) hydrazine (DEASH) with both the proton and charge transfer moieties have been synthesized, and their photophysical properties such as excited state intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) and proton transfer (ESIPT) processes have been reported on the basis of steady-state and time-resolved spectral measurement in various solvents. The ground-state six-membered intramolecular hydrogen bonding network at the proton transfer site accelerates the ESIPT process for these compounds. Both the compounds show large Stokes-shifted emission bands for proton transfer and charge transfer processes. The hydrogen bonding solvents play a crucial role in these photophysical processes. Excited-state dipole moment of DDBHP and DEASH calculated by the solvatochromic method supports the polar character of the charge transfer excited state. Introduction of -NEt(2) groups to the reported salicylaldehyde azine (SAA) Schiff base results an increase in fluorescence lifetime from femtosecond to picosecond time scale for the proton transfer process. PMID:23098054

Jana, Sankar; Dalapati, Sasanka; Guchhait, Nikhil

2012-11-15

45

Spectroscopic studies and biological activity of some transition metal complexes of unusual Schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unusual Schiff base ligand, 4-ethanimidoyl-6-[(1E)-N-(2-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanimidoyl]benzene-1,3-diol, L, was synthesized via catalytic process involving the interaction of some metal ions with a macrocyclic Schiff base (MSB). The transition metal derivatives [ML(H2O)4](NO3)3, M = Cr(III) and Fe(III), [NiL(H2O)4](NO3)2, [ML(H2O)2](NO3)2, M = Zn(II) and Cd(II), [Cl2Pd(?-Cl)2PdL], [PtL(Cl)2] and [PtL(Cl)4] were also synthesized from the corresponding metal species with L. The Schiff bases and complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of L was determined by X-ray analysis. The spectroscopic studies revealed a variety of structure arrangements for the complexes. The biological activities of L and metal complexes against the Escherchia coli as Gram-negative bacteria and Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria, and the two fungus Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans were screened. The cytotoxicity of [PtL(Cl)2] complex, a cis-platin analogous, was checked as an antitumor agent on two breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and T47D) and human liver carcinoma cell line (HepG2).

Abu Al-Nasr, Ahmad K.; Ramadan, Ramadan M.

2013-03-01

46

Synthesis, X-ray Structure, Spectroscopic Properties and DFT Studies of a Novel Schiff Base  

PubMed Central

A series of Schiff bases, salicylideneaniline derivatives 1–4, was synthesized under mild conditions and characterized by 1H NMR, HRMS, UV-Vis and fluorescence spectra, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In solid and aprotic solvents 1–4 exist mainly as E conformers that possess an intramolecular six-membered-ring hydrogen bond. A weak intramolecular C–H···F hydrogen bond is also observed in fluoro-functionalized Schiff base 4, which generates another S(6) ring motif. The C–H···F hydrogen bond further stabilizes its structure and leads it to form a planar configuration. Compounds 1–3 exhibit solely a long-wavelength proton-transfer tautomer emission, while dipole-functionalized Schiff base 4 shows remarkable dual emission originated from the excited-state intramolecular charge transfer (ESICT) and excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) states. Furthermore, the geometric structures, frontier molecular orbitals (MOs) and the potential energy curves for 1–4 in the ground and the first singlet excited state were fully rationalized by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT calculations. PMID:25329613

Chen, Kew-Yu; Tsai, Hsing-Yang

2014-01-01

47

Antioxidant properties of phenolic Schiff bases: structure-activity relationship and mechanism of action.  

PubMed

Phenolic Schiff bases are known for their diverse biological activities and ability to scavenge free radicals. To elucidate (1) the structure-antioxidant activity relationship of a series of thirty synthetic derivatives of 2-methoxybezohydrazide phenolic Schiff bases and (2) to determine the major mechanism involved in free radical scavenging, we used density functional theory calculations (B3P86/6-31+(d,p)) within polarizable continuum model. The results showed the importance of the bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) related to the first and second (BDEd) hydrogen atom transfer (intrinsic parameters) for rationalizing the antioxidant activity. In addition to the number of OH groups, the presence of a bromine substituent plays an interesting role in modulating the antioxidant activity. Theoretical thermodynamic and kinetic studies demonstrated that the free radical scavenging by these Schiff bases mainly proceeds through proton-coupled electron transfer rather than sequential proton loss electron transfer, the latter mechanism being only feasible at relatively high pH. PMID:24243063

Anouar, El Hassane; Raweh, Salwa; Bayach, Imene; Taha, Muhammad; Baharudin, Mohd Syukri; Di Meo, Florent; Hasan, Mizaton Hazizul; Adam, Aishah; Ismail, Nor Hadiani; Weber, Jean-Frédéric F; Trouillas, Patrick

2013-11-01

48

Zeolite-encapsulated Ru(III) tetrahydro-Schiff base complex: An efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the hydrogenation of benzene under mild conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of Ru(III) tetrahydro-Schiff base complexes (denoted as Ru[H4]-Schiff base with Schiff base=salen, salpn and salcn, see Scheme 1) were encapsulated in the supercages of zeolite Y by flexible ligand method. The prepared catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, diffuse reflectance UV–Vis spectroscopy, Infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, as well as N2 adsorption techniques. It was shown that upon encapsulation

Ping Chen; Binbin Fan; Minggang Song; Chun Jin; Jinghong Ma; Ruifeng Li

2006-01-01

49

Serine and Threonine Schiff Base Esters React with ?-Anomeric Peracetates in the Presence of BF3·Et2O to Produce ?-Glycosides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improved procedures are reported for the glycosylation of L-serine and L-threonine utilizing activated Schiff base glycosyl acceptors, which are less expensive and more efficient alternatives to published methods. L-serine or L-threonine benzyl ester hydrochloride salts were reacted with the diarylketimine bis-(4-methoxyphenyl)-methanimine in CH3CN at rt to form the more nucleophilic Schiff bases 3a and 3b in excellent yield. These Schiff

Charles M. Keyari; Robin Polt

2010-01-01

50

Fluorescence of the Schiff bases of pyridoxal and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate withL-isoleucine in aqueous solutions.  

PubMed

The present study reports on the absorption and emission properties of the Schiff bases formed by pyridoxal and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate withL-isoleucine in aqueous solutions. Species protonated at the imine and ring nitrogen are the most fluorescent in both Schiff bases with a quantum yield of 0.02, i.e., 20-fold the value found for species in alkaline solutions. In agreement with other studies, species protonated at the imine nitrogen shows an emission around 500 nm upon excitation at 415 nm. In contrast to previous observations on other PLP Schiff bases, emissions at 560 nm (PL-Ile) and 540 nm (PLP-Ile) are observed upon excitation at 365 and 415 nm, respectively. The emission at 470 nm found in PLP-Ile Schiff base upon excitation at 355 nm is ascribed to a multipolar monoprotonated species. An estimation for the pK a of the imine in the excited state ( ? 8.5) for both Schiff bases is also reached. Our results suggest that fast protonation reactions on the excited state are responsible for the observed fluorescence. These effects, in which the hydrogen bond and the phosphate group seem to play a role, could be extended to understanding coenzyme environments in proteins. PMID:24226991

Cambrón, G; Sevilla, J M; Pineda, T; Blázquez, M

1996-03-01

51

A Schiff-based sensor with turn-on fluorescence for selective detection of Hg2+.  

PubMed

A simple Schiff-base colorimetric receptor 1 was prepared. It exhibits an ‘off–on-type’ mode with high sensitivity in the presence of Hg2+. The change in color is very easily observed by the naked eye in the presence of Hg2+, whereas other metal cations do not induce such a change. A Job plot indicated a 1 : 1 complexation stoichiometry between receptor 1 and Hg2+. The association constant for 1–Hg2+ in Tetrahydrofuran (THF) was determined to be 1.3 × 10(9)M-1 using a Hill plot. PMID:25337615

Wan, Chin-Feng; Lin, Hsiang-Yi; Chien, Cho; Wu, An-Tai

2014-09-01

52

Synthesis and characterization of copper complexes of Schiff base derived from isatin and salicylic hydrazide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of novel metal complexes of Schiff base have been prepared by the interaction of Cu(II) with isatin salicylic hydrazide. All the new compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, conductance measurement, magnetic moment determination, IR, UV, NMR, Mass and EPR spectral studies, thermal studies and microbial activities. The results indicate that the ligand acts as a tridentate chelating ligand coordinating through nitrogen and oxygen atoms. The ligand and complexes show inactive against Escherichia coli and active against Staphylococcus aureus and B.substilis. By analyzing the results of spectral, thermal and elemental analysis square planar geometry is proposed for all the complexes.

Lekshmy, R. K.; Thara, G. S.

2014-10-01

53

Highly fluorescent BF2 complexes of hydrazine-Schiff base linked bispyrrole.  

PubMed

A series of BF2 complexes of hydrazine-Schiff base linked bispyrrole have been prepared from a simple two-step reaction from commercially available substances and are highly fluorescent in solution, film, and solid states with larger Stokes shift and excellent photostabilities comparable or even super to those of their BODIPY analogues. These resultant fluorescent dyes are highly susceptible to the postfunctionalization, as demonstrated in this work via the Knoevenagel condensation to introducing functionalities or tether groups to the chromophore. PMID:24850322

Yu, Changjiang; Jiao, Lijuan; Zhang, Ping; Feng, Zeya; Cheng, Chi; Wei, Yun; Mu, Xiaolong; Hao, Erhong

2014-06-01

54

Metal-directed assembly of chiral bis-Zn(II) Schiff base structures.  

PubMed

Tetra-Schiff bases derived from (chiral) bis-salphen ligand scaffolds furnish, upon metalation with appropriate metal reagents, their multinuclear structures with associated Zn(OAc)(2) or Zn(OH)(2) fragments. The tendency of retaining these salts was investigated using four different (chiral) bis-salphen scaffolds. The presence of the additional Zn ions was supported by NMR studies, mass determinations and X-ray crystallography showing in two cases the possible mode of coordination within these multinuclear structures. In one case, dimerization of the Zn(3) complex leads to a unique hexanuclear Zn(6) complex being a mixture of diastereoisomeric complexes as revealed by NMR spectroscopy. PMID:22782074

Escárcega-Bobadilla, Martha V; Anselmo, Daniele; Wezenberg, Sander J; Escudero-Adán, Eduardo C; Martínez Belmonte, Marta; Martin, Eddy; Kleij, Arjan W

2012-08-28

55

The aromatic fluctuation index (FLU): A new aromaticity index based on electron delocalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, the aromatic fluctuation index (FLU) that describes the fluctuation of electronic charge between adjacent atoms in a given ring is introduced as a new aromaticity measure. This new electronic criterion of aromaticity is based on the fact that aromaticity is related to the cyclic delocalized circulation of ? electrons. It is defined not only considering the amount of electron sharing between contiguous atoms, which should be substantial in aromatic molecules, but also taking into account the similarity of electron sharing between adjacent atoms. For a series of rings in 15 planar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, we have found that, in general, FLU is strongly correlated with other widely used indicators of local aromaticity, such as the harmonic-oscillator model of aromaticity, the nucleus independent chemical shift, and the para-delocalization index (PDI). In contrast to PDI, the FLU index can be applied to study the aromaticity of rings with any number of members and it can be used to analyze both the local and global aromatic character of rings and molecules.

Matito, Eduard; Duran, Miquel; Solà, Miquel

2005-01-01

56

Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure determination, thermal study and catalytic activity of a new oxidovanadium Schiff base complex  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new bidentate ON Schiff base ligand of HL (HL = 5-nitro-2-hydroxybenzyl-2-furylmethyl) imine), was synthesized by simple condensation reaction of 5-nitro-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 2-furfurylamine. Then by reaction of a methanolic solutions of the HL and VO(acac)2 in the ratio of 2:1, a new oxidovanadium(IV) Schiff base complex of VOL2 was synthesized. The Schiff base ligand and its vanadyl Schiff base complex were characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis spectra and CHN analysis. Single crystals suitable for X-ray analysis were obtained in DMSO as a VOL2(DMSO) complex. The crystal structure of the VOL2(DMSO) was determined by the single-crystal X-ray analysis. The coordination geometry around the vanadium center can be described as a distorted octahedron formed by two phenolato oxygen and two imine nitrogen atoms of the two Schiff base ligands in the equatorial position, the oxygen atom of DMSO and the oxido ion coordinated in the axial position. Thermogravimetric analysis of the VOL2 showed that the formation of mixed vanadium oxides at 450 ?C. In addition, decomposition of the vanadyl Schiff base complex (VOL2) in air at 660 °C resulted in the formation of the V2O5 nano particles with the average size of 52 nm. The catalytic activity of the VOL2 complex was evaluated in the epoxidation of cyclooctene (90% conversion and 100% epoxide) and oxidation of methyl phenyl sulfide (100% conversion and 100% sulfoxide).

Grivani, Gholamhossein; Ghavami, Abbaseh; Ku?eráková, Monika; Dušek, Michal; Khalaji, Aliakbar Dehno

2014-11-01

57

Synthesis, characterization, structural optimization using density functional theory and superoxide ion scavenging activity of some Schiff bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four Schiff bases, 2-[(4-nitro-phenylimino)-methyl]-phenol (NPIMP-2), 4-[(4-nitro-phenylimino)-methyl]-phenol (NPIMP-4), (1 H-indol-3-ylmethylene)-(4-nitro-phenyl)-amine (IYNPA), (3-nitro-benzylidene)-(4-nitro-phenyl)-amine (NBNPA) with experimental clue of binding with superoxide ion have been synthesized by the condensation of p-nitroaniline with o-hydroxy benzaldehyde, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, indole-3-carboxaldehyde and m-nitrobenzaldehyde respectively. These were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, CHN, mass spectroscopy and UV-visible spectroscopy. The Schiff bases thus synthesized exhibited evidence for their binding with superoxide ion in the form of a high intensity charge transfer band beyond 500 nm in their respective UV-vis spectra on the addition of two drops of N/10 NaOH to their respective 10 -2 M solutions in DMSO. On further addition of two drops of N/10 HCl solution, the charge transfer band vanished and the original spectral pattern of the Schiff bases in DMSO was observed. Out of the four Schiff bases, the binding of NPIMP-4 with O2- was observed to be reversible throughout both the cycles of measurements, but the remaining Schiff bases, namely NPIMP-2, IYNPA and NBNPA were found to show reversibility in only one cycle. The variable temperature 1H NMR (RT-175 °C) in DMSO- d6 revealed reversible intramolecular proton transfer in NPIMP-2 and NPIMP-4 leading to existence of several tautomeric structures. Besides these synthetic and spectroscopic studies, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed for two Schiff bases i.e., NPIMP-2 and NPIMP-4. These calculations provided some important information about the relative stability of various tautomeric forms of NPIMP-2 and NPIMP-4.

Upadhyay, K. K.; Kumar, Ajit; Upadhyay, Shalini; Mishra, P. C.

2008-02-01

58

Synthesis, Characterization, and BSA Binding Studies of Some New Benzamides Related to Schiff Base  

PubMed Central

Condensation of amine 1 with aldehyde 2 gives Schiff base, N-(4-((benzofuran-2-ylmethylene) amino)phenyl)acetamide 3. Schiff base on N-acylation with different substituted acid chlorides in the presence of triethylamine gives the corresponding benzamides, N-acetyl-N-(4-((benzofuran-2-ylmethylene)amino)phenyl)substitutedbenzamide (NABP) 5a–j. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR FT-IR, and mass spectral studies. Compounds 3 and 5a–j have been screened for their antimicrobial activity using the disc diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method against the selected bacterial and fungal strain. Compounds 5a, 5e, 5g, and 5h were found to be more active against all tested strains. The antioxidant properties were evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide radical scavenging methods. Compounds 5i and 5j showed predominant antioxidant activities among the synthesized analogues. The interaction between NABP and bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated using fluorescence and ultraviolet spectroscopic techniques at 298?K under imitated physiological conditions. The results revealed that NABP caused the fluorescence quenching of BSA through a static quenching procedure. The binding constants and the number of binding sites were calculated. The binding distance between the donor (BSA) and acceptor (NABP) was determined based on Forster's theory. PMID:24052869

Prashanth, M. K.; Madaiah, M.; Revanasiddappa, H. D.; Amruthesh, K. N.

2013-01-01

59

The Synthesis of Star-Shaped Macromolecular Schiff Base Complexes Having Melamine Cores and their Magnetic and Thermal Behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

We aim to study magnetic and thermal behaviors of some melamine cored macromolecular Schiff base complexes. In this context, tripodal ligands were synthesized by reacting melamine with 4-carboxybenzaldehyde or 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde. Then, sixteen new trinuclear Fe(III), Cr(III), Mn(III) and Al(III) complexes were synthesized by reacting the ligands [tris-(4-carboxybenzimino)-1,3,5-triazine) or tris-(4-hydroxybenzimino)-1,3,5-triazine)] with pentadentate Schiff bases N,N?-bis(1-hydroxy-2-benzyliden)-1,7-diamino-4-azaheptane or N,N?-bis(salicylidene)pyridine-2,6-diamine. Later, ligands and complexes

?aban Uysal; Ziya Erdem Koç; ?eyma Çelikbilek; H. ?smet Uçan

2011-01-01

60

Selective chemosensor for copper ions based on fluorescence quenching of a Schiff-base fluorophore.  

PubMed

A Schiff base-based fluorescent chemosensor has been studied for divalent copper detection. The formation of 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde benzoylhydrazone-Cu(2+) complex induced a fluorescence quenching of this compound in a medium of water/ethanol (53% v/v) and 0.05 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.0). The continuous variations and mole-ratio plots of absorbance suggested a complex formation with a 1:1 metal-ligand stoichiometry. The conditional stability constant for the complex was evaluated to be 6 x 10(6) M(-1). A modified Stern-Volmer relationship was employed to obtain a linear calibration plot, obtaining a dynamic working range up to 157.4 microM. The detection limit of this system was found to be 5.6 microM and the relative standard deviation for five measurements of 78.7 microM concentration was 5.2%. This fluorescent chemosensor also showed a high selectivity for copper ions over other metal ions, such as Al(3+), Ca(2+), Cd(2+), Fe(2+), K(+), Mg(2+), Na(+), Pb(2+), or Zn(2+). The results of this investigation show a simple, rapid, low-cost, and selective method that can operate in neutral solutions and is useful for biological and environmental applications. PMID:20615285

Espada-Bellido, Estrella; Galindo-Riaño, Maria Dolores; García-Vargas, Manuel; Narayanaswamy, Ramaier

2010-07-01

61

Exploring DNA binding and nucleolytic activity of few 4-aminoantipyrine based amino acid Schiff base complexes: a comparative approach.  

PubMed

A series of novel Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes were synthesized from Schiff base(s), obtained by the condensation of 4-aminoantipyrine with furfural and amino acid (glycine(L1)/alanine(L2)/valine(L3)) and respective metal(II) chloride. Their structural features and other properties were explored from the analytical and spectral methods. The binding behaviors of the complexes to calf thymus DNA were investigated by absorption spectra, viscosity measurements and cyclic voltammetry. The intrinsic binding constants for the above synthesized complexes are found to be in the order of 10(2) to 10(5) indicating that most of the synthesized complexes are good intercalators. The binding constant values (Kb) clearly indicate that valine Schiff-base complexes have more intercalating ability than alanine and glycine Schiff-base complexes. The results indicate that the complexes bind to DNA through intercalation and act as efficient cleaving agents. The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal assay indicates that these complexes are good antimicrobial agents against various pathogens. The IC50 values of [Ni(L1)2] and [Zn(L1)2] complexes imply that these complexes have preferable ability to scavenge hydroxyl radical. PMID:24566120

Raman, N; Sakthivel, A; Pravin, N

2014-05-01

62

A new Schiff's base ligand immobilized agarose membrane optical sensor for selective monitoring of mercury ion.  

PubMed

A highly selective optical sensor was developed for the Hg(2+) determination by chemical immobilization of 2-[(2-sulfanylphenyl)ethanimidoyl]phenol (L), on an agarose membrane. Spectrophotometric studies of complex formation between the Schiff's base ligand L and Hg(2+), Sr(2+), Mn(2+), Cu(2+), Al(3+), Cd(2+), Zn(2+), Co(2+) and Ag(+) metal ions in methanol solution indicated a substantially larger stability constant for the mercury ion complex. Consequently, the Schiff's base L was used as an appropriate ionophore for the preparation of a selective Hg(2+) optical sensor, by its immobilization on a transparent agarose film. A distinct color change, from yellow to green-blue, was observed by contacting the sensing membrane with Hg(2+) ions at pH 4.5. The effects of pH, ionophore concentration, ionic strength and reaction time on the immobilization of L were studied. A linear relationship was observed between the membrane absorbance at 650 nm and Hg(2+) concentrations in a range from 1×10(-2) to 1×10(-5) mol L(-1) with a detection limit (3?) of 1×10(-6) mol L(-1). No significant interference from 100 times concentrations of a number of potentially interfering ions was detected for the mercury ion determination. The optical sensor was successfully applied to the determination of mercury in amalgam alloy and spiked water samples. PMID:21232854

Alizadeh, Kamal; Parooi, Razieh; Hashemi, Payman; Rezaei, Behrooz; Ganjali, Mohammad Reza

2011-02-28

63

Ligational behavior of Schiff bases towards transition metal ion and metalation effect on their antibacterial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Schiff bases pyrazine-2-carboxylicacid (phenyl-pyridin-2-yl-methylene)-hydrazide (Hpch-bp) HL1 and pyrazine-2-carboxylicacid (pyridin-2-ylmethylene)-hydrazide (Hpch-pc) HL2 derived from condensation of pyrazine carboxylic hydrazide (Hpch) with 2-benzoyl pyridine (bp) or pyridine 2-carbaldehyde (pc) and their transition metal complexes of type ML(1-2)2 have been synthesized, where M = Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II). Characterization of ligands and their metal complexes was carried out by elemental analysis, conductimetric studies, magnetic susceptibility, spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-VIS, NMR, ESR, Mass) and thermogravimetric analysis. The physico-chemical studies revealed octahedral geometry or distorted octahedral geometry around metal ion. These azomethine Schiff base ligands acted as tridentate ? coordinating through carbonyl, azomethine and pyridine nitrogen present in the ligand. The thermodynamic and thermal properties of the complexes have been investigated and it was observed on the basis of these studies that thermal stability of complexes follows the order Mn < Zn < Cu < Co < Ni. The ligands and their complexes were tested for in vitro antibacterial activity at different concentrations against bacteria viz. Gram positive Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus and Gram negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas mendocina. A marked enhancement in biocidal activity of the ligands under similar experimental conditions was observed as a consequence of coordination with metal ions. The trend of growth inhibition in the complexes was found to be in the order: Cu > Mn > Ni > Co > Zn.

Devi, Jai; Batra, Nisha; Malhotra, Rajesh

2012-11-01

64

Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies on Some Schiff Base Complexes of Zinc(II).  

PubMed

Two Schiff base ligands L1and L2 were obtained by the condensation of glycylglycine respectively with imidazole-2-carboxaldehyde and indole-3-carboxaldehyde and their complexes with Zn(II) were prepared and characterized by microanalytical, conductivity measurement, IR, UV-Vis., XRD and SEM. The molar conductance measurement indicates that the Zn(II) complexes are 1: 1electrolytes. The IR data demonstrate the tetradentate binding of L1and tridentate binding of L2. The XRD data show that Zn(II) complexes with L1and L2 have the crystallite sizes of 53 and 61nm respectively. The surface morphology of the complexes was studied using SEM. The in vitro biological screening effects of the investigated compounds were tested against the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumaniae, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungal species Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Candida albicans by the disc diffusion method. A comparative study of inhibition values of the Schiff base ligands and their complexes indicates that the complexes exhibit higher antimicrobial activity than the free ligands. Zinc ions are proven to be essential for the growth-inhibitor effect. The extent of inhibition appeared to be strongly dependent on the initial cell density and on the growth medium. PMID:23990740

Joseyphus, R Selwin; Nair, M Sivasankaran

2008-06-01

65

Synthesis and spectral characterization of antifungal sensitive schiff base transition metal complexes.  

PubMed

New N2O2 donor type Schiff base has been designed and synthesized by condensing acetoacetanilido-4-aminoantipyrine with 2-aminobenzoic acid in ethanol. Solid metal complexes of the Schiff base with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), VO(IV), Hg(II) and Cd(II) metal ions were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, molar conduction, fast atom bombardment (FAB) mass, IR, UV-Vis, and (1)H NMR spectral studies. The data show that the complexes have the composition of ML type. The UV-Vis. and magnetic susceptibility data of the complexes suggest a square-planar geometry around the central metal ion except VO(IV) complex which has square-pyramidal geometry. The in vitro antifungal activities of the compounds were tested against fungi such as Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizopus stolonifer, Candida albicans, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Trichoderma harizanum. All the metal complexes showed stronger antifungal activities than the free ligand. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the metal complexes were found in the range of 10~31 µg/ml. PMID:24015086

Raman, N; Sakthivel, A; Rajasekaran, K

2007-09-01

66

Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies on Some Schiff Base Complexes of Zinc(II)  

PubMed Central

Two Schiff base ligands L1 and L2 were obtained by the condensation of glycylglycine respectively with imidazole-2-carboxaldehyde and indole-3-carboxaldehyde and their complexes with Zn(II) were prepared and characterized by microanalytical, conductivity measurement, IR, UV-Vis., XRD and SEM. The molar conductance measurement indicates that the Zn(II) complexes are 1 : 1 electrolytes. The IR data demonstrate the tetradentate binding of L1 and tridentate binding of L2. The XRD data show that Zn(II) complexes with L1 and L2 have the crystallite sizes of 53 and 61 nm respectively. The surface morphology of the complexes was studied using SEM. The in vitro biological screening effects of the investigated compounds were tested against the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumaniae, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungal species Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Candida albicans by the disc diffusion method. A comparative study of inhibition values of the Schiff base ligands and their complexes indicates that the complexes exhibit higher antimicrobial activity than the free ligands. Zinc ions are proven to be essential for the growth-inhibitor effect. The extent of inhibition appeared to be strongly dependent on the initial cell density and on the growth medium. PMID:23990740

Joseyphus, R. Selwin

2008-01-01

67

Synthesis and Spectral Characterization of Antifungal Sensitive Schiff Base Transition Metal Complexes  

PubMed Central

New N2O2 donor type Schiff base has been designed and synthesized by condensing acetoacetanilido-4-aminoantipyrine with 2-aminobenzoic acid in ethanol. Solid metal complexes of the Schiff base with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), VO(IV), Hg(II) and Cd(II) metal ions were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, molar conduction, fast atom bombardment (FAB) mass, IR, UV-Vis, and 1H NMR spectral studies. The data show that the complexes have the composition of ML type. The UV-Vis. and magnetic susceptibility data of the complexes suggest a square-planar geometry around the central metal ion except VO(IV) complex which has square-pyramidal geometry. The in vitro antifungal activities of the compounds were tested against fungi such as Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizopus stolonifer, Candida albicans, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Trichoderma harizanum. All the metal complexes showed stronger antifungal activities than the free ligand. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the metal complexes were found in the range of 10~31 µg/ml. PMID:24015086

Sakthivel, A.; Rajasekaran, K.

2007-01-01

68

In vitro study of DNA interaction with a water-soluble dinitrogen schiff base.  

PubMed

The present study investigates the binding interaction between a water-soluble Schiff base, N,N'-bis{5-[(triphenylphosphonium chloride)-methyl]salicylidine}-o-phenylenediamine (SF), and calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) using emission, absorption, circular dichroism, and viscosity studies. In fluorimetric studies, the dynamic enhancement constant (K(D)) and bimolecular enhancement constant (K(B)) were calculated at different temperatures and demonstrated that fluorescence enhancement is not initiated by a dynamic process, but instead by a static process that involves complex DNA formation in the ground state. Further, the enthalpy and entropy of the reaction between SF and CT-DNA showed that the reaction is exothermic and enthalpy-favored (DeltaH = -153.51 kJ mol(-1); DeltaS = -427.67 J mol(-1) K). In addition, detectable changes in the circular dichroism spectrum of CT-DNA in the presence of SF indicated deep conformational changes in the DNA double helix following interaction with SF. Further, the Schiff base at different concentrations is able to perform cleavage of pUC18 plasmid DNA. All these results prove that SF interacts with CT-DNA via an intercalative mode of binding. PMID:19732014

Shahabadi, Nahid; Kashanian, Soheila; Darabi, Farivash

2009-11-01

69

Nonlinear optical analyses of organic N-(9-Anthrylmethylidene) methylamine Schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The organic NLO Schiff base of N-(9-Anthrylmethylidene) methylamine was synthesized by condensation process. The material was characterized through Powder XRD, FT-IR, and Raman techniques. The various planes of reflection are identified from the Powder XRD pattern. The formation of Schiff base is confirmed through FT-IR and Raman analysis. The intra molecular charge transfer interaction and the existence of the first-order molecular hyperpolarizability (?) are identified from the red shift of the UV-Vis analysis. The structure of the molecule was optimized by density functional theory (DFT) using B3LYP method with 6-31G basis set. The NBO analysis is used to interpret the delocalization. The dipole moment and first hyperpolarizability values were also computed by HF/6-31G. These values indicate that the compound is a good candidate with nonlinear optical properties. This is the first time report on the existence of a second harmonic generation (SHG), ?2, efficiency that has been identified by Powder Kurtz-Perry method.

Vijayalakshmi, S.; Kalyanaraman, S.; Krishnakumar, V.

2013-05-01

70

Understanding non-enzymatic aminophospholipid glycation and its inhibition. Polar head features affect the kinetics of Schiff base formation.  

PubMed

Non-enzymatic aminophospholipid glycation is an especially important process because it alters the stability of lipid bilayers and interferes with cell function and integrity as a result. However, the kinetic mechanism behind this process has scarcely been studied. As in protein glycation, the process has been suggested to involve the formation of a Schiff base as the initial, rate-determining step. In this work, we conducted a comparative kinetic study of Schiff base formation under physiological conditions in three low-molecular weight analogues of polar heads in the naturally occurring aminophospholipids O-phosphorylethanolamine (PEA), O-phospho-DL-serine (PSer) and 2-aminoethylphenethylphosphate (APP) with various glycating carbonyl compounds (glucose, arabinose and acetol) and the lipid glycation inhibitor pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). Based on the results, the presence of a phosphate group and a carboxyl group in ? position respect to the amino group decrease the formation constant for the Schiff base relative to amino acids. On the other hand, esterifying the phosphate group with a non-polar substituent in APP increases the stability of its Schiff base. The observed kinetic formation constants of aminophosphates with carbonyl groups were smaller than those for PLP. Our results constitute an important contribution to understanding the competitive inhibition effect of PLP on aminophospholipid glycation. PMID:21719301

Caldés, Catalina; Vilanova, Bartolomé; Adrover, Miquel; Muñoz, Francisco; Donoso, Josefa

2011-08-01

71

Synthesis, characterization and the interaction of some new water-soluble metal Schiff base complexes with human serum albumin.  

PubMed

Some new water-soluble Schiff base complexes of Na2[M(L)(H2O)n]; (M=Zn, Cu, Ni, Mn) with a new water-soluble Schiff base ligand where L denotes an asymmetric N2O2 Schiff base ligands; N,N'-bis(5-sulfosalicyliden)-3,4-diaminobenzophenone (5-SO3-3,4-salbenz) were synthesized and characterized. The formation constants of the water soluble Schiff base complexes were calculated by Ketelaar's equation. The theoretical molecular structure for the complexes was computed by using the HF method and the 6-311G basis set. The mechanism of binding of Na2[M(L)(H2O)n] with human serum albumin (HSA) was studied by fluorescence spectroscopic technique. The results of fluorescence titration showed that the intrinsic fluorescence of HSA was quenched by the complexes; which was rationalized in terms of the dynamic quenching mechanism. The values of Stern-Volmer constants, quenching rate constants, binding constants, binding sites and average aggregation number of HSA have been determined. The thermodynamic parameters, were calculated by van't Hoff equation, indicate that the binding is entropy driven and enthalpically disfavored. Based on the Förster theory of non-radiation energy transfer, the efficiency of energy transfer and the distance between the donor (Trp residues) and the acceptor (complex) were obtained. Finally, the growth inhibitory effects of the complexes toward the K562 cancer cell line were measured. PMID:24299984

Asadi, Mozaffar; Asadi, Zahra; Sadi, Somaye Barzegar; Zarei, Leila; Baigi, Fatemeh Moosavi; Amirghofran, Zahra

2014-03-25

72

Unsymmetrical salen-type ligands: high yield synthesis of salen-type Schiff bases containing two different benzaldehyde moieties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Salen-type Schiff base ligands incorporating two different benzylidene moieties and a diamine backbone were synthesized in high yield (80–90%) under mild conditions via a stepwise approach. In the first step, anhydrous hydrochloric acid was used to selectively protect one amino group of the vicinal diamine backbone. The resulting ammonium salt was added to a substituted benzaldehyde providing access to a

E. Joseph Campbell; SonBinh T Nguyen

2001-01-01

73

Synthesis of novel chiral tridentate schiff-base ligands and their applications in catalytic asymmetric Henry reaction.  

PubMed

A series of chiral tridentate Schiff-bases were prepared and used as ligands in the catalytic asymmetric Henry reaction. Under the optimal conditions, a variety of arylaldehydes were smoothly converted into corresponding adducts with high yields (up to 98%) and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% ee). Chirality 26: 780-783, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25318691

Qiang, Gen-Rong; Shen, Tian-Hua; Zhou, Xiao-Cong; An, Xiao-Xia; Song, Qing-Bao

2014-12-01

74

Pseudooctahedral Cobalt(III), Nickel(II), and Cadmium(II) Complexes of Linear, Sexadentate, Fluorinated Schiff Base Ligands.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New pseudooctahedral complexes, Ni(BTAT), Ni(BHAT), Cd(BTAT), C(BTAT)X, Co(BTAT)X. and (Co(BTAT))2CoY4 where X(-) = Br(-), I(-), NO3(-), and ClO4(-) and Y(-) = Cl(-) and SCN(-), have been prepared from the linear Schiff base ligands bis(trifluoroacetylace...

R. E. Sievers, S. C. Cummings

1971-01-01

75

Metal complexes of ONO donor Schiff base ligand as a new class of bioactive compounds; Synthesis, characterization and biological evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present work reviews that, the synthesis of (E)-N";-((7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide [L] ligand and their metal complexes. The colored complexes were prepared of type [M2+L]X2, where M2+ = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Sr and Cd, L = (7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide, X = Cl-. Ligand derived from the condensation of 8-formyl-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin and benzohydrazide in the molar ratio 1:1 and in the molar ratio 1:2 for metal complexes have been prepared. The chelation of the ligand to metal ions occurs through the both oxygen groups, as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligand. Reactions of the Schiff base ligand with Manganese(II), Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Strontium(II), and Cadmium(II) afforded the corresponding metal complexes. The structures of the obtained ligand and their respective metal complexes were elucidated by infra-red, elemental analysis, Double beam UV-visible spectra, conductometric measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements and also thermochemical studies. The metal complex exhibits octahedral coordination geometrical arrangement. Schiff base ligand and their metal complexes were tested against antioxidants, antidiabetic and antimicrobial activities have been studied. The Schiff base metal complexes emerges effective ?-glucosidase inhibitory activity than free Schiff base ligand.

Kumar Naik, K. H.; Selvaraj, S.; Naik, Nagaraja

2014-10-01

76

Coordination properties of hydralazine Schiff base. Synthesis and equilibrium studies of some metal ion complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present study, a new ligand is prepared by condensation of hydralazine (1-Hydralazinophthalazine) with 2-butanon-3-oxime. The acid-base equilibria of the schiff-base and the complex formation equilibria with the metal ions as Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II), Mn(II) and Zn(II) are investigated potentiometrically. The stability constants of the complexes are determined and the concentration distribution diagrams of the complexes are evaluated. The effect of metal ion properties as atomic number, ionic radius, electronegativity and ionization potential are investigated. The isolated solid complexes are characterized by conventional chemical and physical methods. The potential coordination sites are assigned using the i.r. and 1H NMR spectra. The structures of the isolated solid complexes are proposed on the basis of the spectral and magnetic studies.

Shoukry, Azza A.; Shoukry, Mohamed M.

2008-08-01

77

Sn(iv) Schiff base complexes: triplet photosensitizers for photoredox reactions.  

PubMed

We present the synthesis and characterization of a series of four fluorescent Sn(iv) Schiff base complexes, which also possess long-lived triplet excited states. The complexes absorb visible light (?max = 420 to 462 nm) and the optical properties are easily tunable without laborious synthetic elaboration. The triplet excited states are not luminescent, but can be observed and followed using nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. The lifetimes of the triplet excited states are on the order of 500 ?s-10 ms in PMMA matrices. The triplet state energies were estimated via energy transfer reactions with a series of organic triplet acceptors. In addition, the photoexcited complexes react with electron donors and acceptors in solution. These results demonstrate the potential for the development of photosensitizers based on main group elements with high spin orbit coupling constants. PMID:25043697

Grusenmeyer, Tod A; King, Albert W; Mague, Joel T; Rack, Jeffrey J; Schmehl, Russell H

2014-11-12

78

Mixed (phthalocyaninato)(Schiff-base) di-dysprosium sandwich complexes. Effect of magnetic coupling on the SMM behavior.  

PubMed

Reaction between Schiff-base ligand and half-sandwich complex M(Pc)(acac) led to the isolation of new sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(Schiff-base) di-lanthanide compounds M2(Pc)2(L)H2O (M = Dy, Gd) (1, 2) [H2Pc = metal free phthalocyanine, Hacac = acetylacetone, H2L = N,N'-bis(3-methyloxysalicylidene)benzene-1,2-diamine] with the triple-decker molecular structure clearly revealed by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. For the comparative studies, sandwich triple-decker analogues with pure Schiff-base ligand M2(L)3H2O (M = Dy, Gd) (3, 4) were also prepared. Dynamic magnetic measurement result reveals the single-molecule magnet (SMM) nature of the di-dysprosium derivative 1, while the static magnetic investigation over both pure and the diamagnetic diluted samples of this compound discloses the interionic ferromagnetic coupling between the two dysprosium ions, which in turn effectively suppresses the QTM and enhances the energy barrier of this SMM. Nevertheless, comparative studies over the static magnetic properties of the di-dysprosium triple-decker complexes 1 and 3 indicate the stronger magnetic coupling between the two lanthanide ions in mixed (phthalocyaninato)(Schiff-base) species than in the pure Schiff-base triple-decker analogue, suggesting the special coordination sphere around the dysprosium ions in the former compound over the latter one on the more intense inter-ionic ferromagnetic coupling. As a very small step towards understanding the structure-property relationship, the present result will be surely helpful for the design and synthesis of the multinuclear lanthanide-based SMMs with good properties. PMID:24005576

Wang, Hailong; Liu, Chenxi; Liu, Tao; Zeng, Suyuan; Cao, Wei; Ma, Qi; Duan, Chunying; Dou, Jianmin; Jiang, Jianzhuang

2013-11-21

79

Preparation, characterization and biological activity of novel metal-NNNN donor Schiff base complexes.  

PubMed

Novel Schiff base (H(2)L) ligand is prepared via condensation of benzil and triethylenetetraamine. The ligand is characterized based on elemental analysis, mass, IR and (1)H NMR spectra. Metal complexes are reported and characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, (1)H NMR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance, and thermal analyses (TG, DTG and DTA). 1:1 [M]:[H(2)L] complexes are found from the elemental analyses data having the formulae [M(H(2)L)Cl(2)]xyH(2)O (M=Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II)), [Fe(H(2)L)Cl(2)]ClxH(2)O, [Th(H(2)L)Cl(2)]Cl(2)x3H(2)O and [UO(2)(H(2)L)](CH(3)COO)(2)x2H(2)O. The metal chelates are found to be non-electrolytes except Fe(III), Th(IV) and UO(2)(II) complexes are electrolytes. IR spectra show that H(2)L is coordinated to the metal ions in a neutral tetradentate manner with 4Ns donor sites of the two azomethine N and two NH groups. The geometrical structures of these complexes are found to be octahedral. The thermal behaviour of these chelates is studied where the hydrated complexes lose water molecules of hydration in the first step followed immediately by decomposition of the anions and ligand molecules in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coats-Redfern method. The ligand (H(2)L), in comparison to its metal complexes, is screened for its antibacterial activity. The activity data show that the metal complexes have antibacterial activity more than the parent Schiff base ligand and cefepime standard against one or more bacterial species. PMID:20044308

Mohamed, Gehad G; Omar, M M; Ibrahim, Amr A

2010-02-01

80

``Test kit'' for detection of biologically important anions: A salicylidene-hydrazine based Schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Test paper coated with Schiff base [(N,N/-bis(5-nitro-salicylidene)hydrazine] receptor 1 (host) can selectively detect fluoride and acetate ions (guest) by developing yellow color which can be detected by naked-eye both in aqueous-acetonitrile solution and in solid supported test kit. UV-vis spectral analysis shows that the absorption peaks at 288 and 345 nm of receptor 1 gradually decrease its initial intensity and new red shifted absorption bands at 397 nm and 455 nm gradually appear upon addition of increasing amount of F- and AcO- ions over several tested anions such as HPO4-, Cl, Br, I, NO3-, NO2-, HSO4-, HSO3-, and ClO4- in aqueous-acetonitrile solvent. The colorimetric test results and UV-vis spectral analysis are in well agreement with 1H NMR titration results in d6-DMSO solvent. The receptor 1 forms 1:2 stable complexes with F- and AcO- ions. However, similar kind of observation obtained from UV-vis titrations in presence of AcOH corresponds to 1:1 complexation ratio indicating the formation of H-bonding interaction between the receptor and anions (F- and AcO- ions). So, the observed 1:2 complexation ratio can only be explained on the basis of deprotonation (˜1 eqv.) and H-bonding (˜1 eqv.) interactions [1]. The ratiometric analysis of host-guest complexes corroborates well with the proposed theoretical model optimization at Density Functional Theory (DFT) level.

Dalapati, Sasanka; Alam, Md Akhtarul; Jana, Sankar; Karmakar, Saswati; Guchhait, Nikhil

2013-02-01

81

Antibacterial activity of Pd(II) complexes with salicylaldehyde-amino acids Schiff bases ligands.  

PubMed

Palladium(II) complexes with Schiff bases ligands derived from salicylaldehyde and amino acids (Ala, Gly, Met, Ser, Val) have been synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform (FT)-IR, UV-Vis and (1)H-NMR spectroscopy. The electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS) spectrometry confirms the formation of palladium(II) complexes in 1/2 (M/L) molar ratio. All the Pd(II) complexes 1, [Pd(SalAla)2]Cl2; 2, [Pd(SalGly)2]Cl2; 3, [Pd(SalMet)2]Cl2; 4, [Pd(SalSer)2]Cl2; 5, [Pd(SalVal)2]Cl2; have shown antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli. PMID:24390488

Rîmbu, Cristina; Danac, Ramona; Pui, Aurel

2014-01-01

82

Synthesis, characterization and biocidal activities of Schiff base polychelates containing polyurethane links in the main chain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of combining metallo-polymers with urethanes offers a versatile approach for the synthesis of new polymeric materials. Polyurethane containing transition metals was synthesized by the reaction of Schiff base metal complex with toluene 2,4 diisocyanate. The proposed structures were confirmed by elemental analysis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and FT-IR. The geometry is determined by UV-Visible spectra and magnetic moment measurements, which reveals that the Mn(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes have octahedral geometry while square planer geometry is reported for Cu(II) and tetrahedral for Zn(II) complex. The antimicrobial activities are determined using the agar well diffusion method with Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis (bacteria), Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavus (yeast). All the polymeric metal complexes show comparatively good biocidal activity, which is further enhanced after polymerization.

Hasnain, Sumaiya; Nishat, Nahid

83

Efficient water oxidation catalyzed by mononuclear ruthenium(II) complexes incorporating Schiff base ligands.  

PubMed

Four new charge-neutral ruthenium(II) complexes containing dianionic Schiff base and isoquinoline or 4-picoline ligands were synthesized and characterized by NMR and ESI-MS spectroscopies, elemental analysis, and X-ray diffraction. The complexes exhibited excellent chemical water oxidation activity and high stability under acidic conditions (pH?1.0) using (NH4)2Ce(NO3)6 as a sacrificial electron acceptor. The high catalytic activities of these complexes for water oxidation were sustained for more than 10?h at low concentrations. High turnover numbers of up to 3200 were achieved. A water nucleophilic attack mechanism was proposed. A Ru(V)=O intermediate was detected during the catalytic cycle by high-resolution mass spectrometry. PMID:24888489

Li, Ting-Ting; Chen, Yong; Li, Fu-Min; Zhao, Wei-Liang; Wang, Chuan-Jun; Lv, Xiao-Jun; Xu, Quan-Qing; Fu, Wen-Fu

2014-06-23

84

A computational study on the stability of the protonated Schiff base of retinal in rhodopsin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated the effect of amino acids in rhodopsin on the protonation state of the Schiff base (SB) retinal. We constructed a model system consisting of SB retinal, Glu113 (counterion), and eight residues. For this model, we considered two states of the SB retinal, namely, the protonated/deprotonated state. We then performed ab initio MO calculations at the RHF/6-31g* level. As a result, the protonated state was stabler than the deprotonated state. Interestingly, we observed an additive rule for the contribution to the stabilization energy due to each amino acid. Above all, it turned out that Ser186 and Cys187 play a significant role in the stability.

Yamada, A.; Kakitani, T.; Yamamoto, S.; Yamato, T.

2002-12-01

85

Spectroscopic and electrochemical characterization of some Schiff base metal complexes containing benzoin moiety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ligation behavior of bis-benzoin ethylenediamine (B2ED) and benzoin thiosemicarbazone (BTS) Schiff bases towards Ru3+, Rh3+, Pd2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+ were determined. The bond length of M-N and spectrochemical parameters (10Dq, ?, B and LFSE) of the complexes were evaluated. The redox characteristics of selected complexes were explored by cyclic voltammetry (CV) at Pt working electrode in non aqueous solvents. Au mesh (100 w/in.) optically transparent thin layer electrode (OTTLE) was also used for recording thin layer CV for selected Ru complex. Oxidation of some complexes occurs in a consecutive chemical reaction of an EC type mechanism. The characteristics of electron transfer process of the couples M2+/M3+ and M3+/M4+ (M = Ru3+, Rh3+) and the stability of the complexes towards oxidation and/or reduction were assigned. The nature of the electroactive species and reduction mechanism of selected electrode couples were assigned.

El-Shahawi, M. S.; Al-Jahdali, M. S.; Bashammakh, A. S.; Al-Sibaai, A. A.; Nassef, H. M.

2013-09-01

86

Some QSAR Studies for a Group of Sulfonamide Schiff Base as Carbonic Anhydrase CA II Inhibitors  

PubMed Central

In the present study, quantitative structure–activity-relationship (QSAR) study on a group of sulfonamide Schiff-base inhibitors of Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) enzyme has been carried out using Codessa Pro methodology and software. Linear regression QSAR models of the biological activity (Ki) of 38 inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase CA-II isozyme were established with 12 different molecular descriptors which were selected from more than hundreds of geometrical, topological, quantum-mechanical, and electronic types of descriptors and calculated using Codessa Pro software. Among the models presented in this study, statistically the most significant one is a five-parameter equation with correlation coefficient, R2 values of ca. 0.840, and the cross-validated correlation coefficient, R2 values of ca. 0.777. The obtained models allowed us to reveal some physicochemical and structural factors, which are strongly correlated with the biological activity of the compounds. PMID:19325742

Eroglu, Erol

2008-01-01

87

First X-ray structural characterization of isatin Schiff base derivative. NMR and theoretical conformational studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isatin (1H-indole-2,3-dione) is an endogenous natural compound under intense development in medicinal chemistry. Here, we characterize isatin Schiff base derivative by X-ray crystallography. We describe a derivative that crystallizes E-isomer form in the triclinic space group P 1bar;a = 5.9580 (4) Å, b = 8.4184 (7) Å, c = 14.1801 (14) Å, ? = 73.962 (8)°, ? = 83.184 (7)°, ? = 81.143 (6)°. NMR data show that E-conformer interconverts to the Z-conformer when dissolved, this equilibrium weakly depends on the solvent type. The Z-isomer geometry and the energetics of ?EE-Z interconversion barriers were determined by quantum chemical calculations. The isomers are further characterized by means of FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy.

Davidovich, Pavel; Novikova, Daria; Tribulovich, Vyacheslav; Smirnov, Sergey; Gurzhiy, Vlad; Melino, Gerry; Garabadzhiu, Alexander

2014-10-01

88

Phenol-quinone tautomerism in (arylazo)naphthols and the analogous Schiff bases: benchmark calculations.  

PubMed

Tautomerization energies of a series of isomeric [(4-R-phenyl)azo]naphthols and the analogous Schiff bases (R = N(CH3)2, OCH3, H, CN, NO2) are calculated by LPNO-CEPA/1-CBS using the def2-TZVPP and def2-QZVPP basis sets for extrapolation. The performance of various density functionals (B3LYP, M06-2X, PW6B95, B2PLYP, mPW2PLYP, PWPB95) as well as MP2 and SCS-MP2 is evaluated against these results. M06-2X and SCS-MP2 yield results close to the LPNO-CEPA/1-CBS values. Solvent effects (CCl4, CHCl3, CH3CN, and CH3OH) are treated by a variety of bulk solvation models (SM8, IEFPCM, COSMO, PBF, and SMD) as well as explicit solvation (Monte Carlo free energy perturbation using the OPLSAA force field). PMID:24417622

Ali, S Tahir; Antonov, Liudmil; Fabian, Walter M F

2014-01-30

89

Synthesis, characterization and spectroscopic investigation of a novel phenylhydrazone Schiff base with solvatochromism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel Schiff base of 4,5-diazafluorene-9- p-nitrophenylhydrazone (DAFND) has been synthesized and characterized. The crystal structures of DAFND and its analogue 4,5-diazafluorene-9-phenylhydrazone (DAFPD) were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. X-ray analyses reveal that DAFPD comprise of a nonplanar molecule and all atoms of DAFND are essentially coplanar. The color of DAFND changes from brown to blue when heated, so called thermochromism and the spectroscopic properties of the two compounds are investigated by electronic absorption spectra, showing DAFND possess solvatochromism, while DAFPD does not have thermochromic and solvatochromic properties. The ?max of DAFND within various pure solvents are different ranging from 370 nm in toluene to 614 nm in pyridine. The imaginable mechanisms of thermochromism and solvatochromism are proposed.

Li, Mingtian; Huang, Jun; Zhou, Xuan; Luo, Hong

2010-02-01

90

Synthesis, antibacterial activities and molecular docking studies of peptide and Schiff bases as targeted antibiotics.  

PubMed

A series of peptide and Schiff bases (PSB) were synthesized by reacting salicylic acid, primary diamines with salicylaldehyde or its derivatives, and 40 of which were newly reported. The inhibitory activities against Escherichia coli beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III (ecKAS III) were investigated in vitro and molecular docking simulation also surveyed. Top 10 PSB compounds which possess both good inhibitory activity and well binding affinities were picked out, and their antibacterial activities against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains were tested, expecting to exploit potent antibacterial agent with broad-spectrum antibiotics activity. The results demonstrate compound N-(3-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)propyl)-2-hydroxybenzamide (2d) can be as a potential antibiotics agent, displaying minimal inhibitory concentration values in the range of 0.39-3.13 microg/mL against various bacteria. PMID:19884012

Cheng, Kui; Zheng, Qing-Zhong; Qian, Yong; Shi, Lei; Zhao, Jing; Zhu, Hai-Liang

2009-12-01

91

Ligational behavior of Schiff bases towards transition metal ion and metalation effect on their antibacterial activity.  

PubMed

New Schiff bases pyrazine-2-carboxylicacid (phenyl-pyridin-2-yl-methylene)-hydrazide (Hpch-bp) HL(1) and pyrazine-2-carboxylicacid (pyridin-2-ylmethylene)-hydrazide (Hpch-pc) HL(2) derived from condensation of pyrazine carboxylic hydrazide (Hpch) with 2-benzoyl pyridine (bp) or pyridine 2-carbaldehyde (pc) and their transition metal complexes of type ML((1-2)2) have been synthesized, where M=Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II). Characterization of ligands and their metal complexes was carried out by elemental analysis, conductimetric studies, magnetic susceptibility, spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-VIS, NMR, ESR, Mass) and thermogravimetric analysis. The physico-chemical studies revealed octahedral geometry or distorted octahedral geometry around metal ion. These azomethine Schiff base ligands acted as tridentate coordinating through carbonyl, azomethine and pyridine nitrogen present in the ligand. The thermodynamic and thermal properties of the complexes have been investigated and it was observed on the basis of these studies that thermal stability of complexes follows the order MnMn>Ni>Co>Zn. PMID:22813991

Devi, Jai; Batra, Nisha; Malhotra, Rajesh

2012-11-01

92

Spectral investigation of the intramolecular charge-transfer in some aminotriazole Schiff bases.  

PubMed

3-Amino-1,2,4-triazole Schiff bases were reported to contain intramolecular charge-transfer. The enhancing and depressing effects were remarkable as the substituent was changed from electron-donating to electron-withdrawing groups. The path of the resonating delocalization was reversed in the case of the p-NO2 group. To validate these results we effectively used Weinhold et al's natural bond orbital analysis to assess the UV and FT-IR spectrophotometric monitoring of the change reflected in this phenomenon when the substituent in the benzene ring is altered. The NBO analysis was simulated by ab inito computations at the HF/6-31G(d) level of theory, in order to properly detect any possible presence of a hydrogen bond association. The changes occurring in electron occupancies of double-centered bonds, antibonding orbitals and in lone-pair orbitals appraised the results, as did the s and p character listings of the two-centered bonds and the simultaneous changes occurring in the geometric parameters of the molecules in question. Contrary to its normal preference, in these molecules the nitrogen used sp2 hybrid orbitals for its interaction, housing its electron lone-pair in the third p hybrid orbital. Furthermore, NBO analysis reflected the presence of a very soft intramolecular hydrogen association (C-H??), labelled by UV and FT-IR assignments, between the benzene and triazole rings in all Schiff bases but p-N(Me)2. The n-?* stabilization energy decreased in the order: p-OH>p-OCH3>p-Cl>p-CH3>H>p-NO2>o-OH. The relation between the band position and Hammett substitution constant is interpreted in relation to the molecular structure. PMID:21640640

Issa, Y M; Hassib, H B; Abdelaal, H E; Kenawi, I M

2011-09-01

93

Fabrication of a highly selective Eu(III) membrane sensor based on a new S–N hexadentates Schiff's base  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel potentiometric membrane Eu (III) ion sensor is described based on a new S–N hexadentates Schiff's base, bis(thiophenol)butane2,3-dihydrazone (SNSB). The sensor exhibited a Nernstian response over a concentration range of 1.0×10?5 to 1.0×10?2M, with a detection limit of 5.0×10?6M. The best performance was achieved with a membrane composition of 30% PVC, 63% o-nitrophenyloctyl ether (NPOE), 5% SNSB, and 5%

Mohammad Reza Ganjali; Parviz Norouzi; Azadeh Daftari; Farnoush Faridbod; Masoud Salavati-Niasari

2007-01-01

94

Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Biological Investigations of the Ternary Metal Complexes of Schiff Bases Derived From 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and Some Amino Acids  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work the ternary metal complexes of Cu(II) and UO2(II) with some Schiff bases derived from 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and some amino acids as a primary ligand and two different heterocyclic bases as a secondary ligand have been synthesised. FT-IR results disclosed that the Schiff bases are coordinated to the central metal ion as a bivalent tridentate ONO donor. Electronic absorption

Y. H. Ebead; H. M. A. Salman; Y. M. Shebany; M. A. Abdellah

2012-01-01

95

Silver ion-selective electrodes employing Schiff base p- tert-butyl calix[4]arene derivatives as neutral carriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potentiometric response characteristics and selectivity properties of poly(vinylchloride) (PVC) matrix membrane ion-selective electrodes for silver(I) ion, based on Schiff base p-tert-butyl calix[4]arene derivatives containing N and O as binding sites, were examined. These derivatives proves to work well with silver ions and corresponding electrodes display an excellent response to this ion. These electrodes works well over wide range of

R. K. Mahajan; Inderpreet Kaur; Manoj Kumar

2003-01-01

96

Synthesis, reactivity, and coordination chemistry relevant to the copolymerization of CO2 and epoxides by first row transition metal schiff base complexes  

E-print Network

demonstrates that new ligand systems are available beyond salen and deserve further attention. A class of manganese(III) Schiff base complexes was also synthesized and evaluated as catalysts. Although crystallographic data has shown that these complexes...

Frantz, Eric Benjamin

2009-05-15

97

Protein changes associated with reprotonation of the Schiff base in the photocycle of Asp96-->Asn bacteriorhodopsin. The MN intermediate with unprotonated Schiff base but N-like protein structure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The difference Fourier transform infrared spectrum for the N intermediate in the photoreaction of the light-adapted form of bacteriorhodopsin can be recorded at pH 10 at 274 K (Pfefferle, J.-M., Maeda, A., Sasaki, J., and Yoshizawa, T. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 6548-6556). Under these conditions, Asp96-->Asn bacteriorhodopsin gives a photoproduct which shows changes in protein structure similar to those observed in N of wild-type bacteriorhodopsin. However, decreased intensity of the chromophore bands and the single absorbance maximum at about 400 nm indicate that the Schiff base is unprotonated, as in the M intermediate. This photoproduct was named MN. At pH 7, where the supply of proton is not as restricted as at pH 10, Asp96-->Asn bacteriorhodopsin yields N with a protonated Schiff base. The Asn96 residue, which cannot deprotonate as Asp96 in wild-type bacteriorhodopsin, is perturbed upon formation of both MN at pH 10 and N at pH 7. We suggest that the reprotonation of the Schiff base is preceded by a large change in the protein structure including perturbation of the residue at position 96.

Sasaki, J.; Shichida, Y.; Lanyi, J. K.; Maeda, A.

1992-01-01

98

Detection of trace amounts of Pb(II) by schiff base-chitosan-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple, highly sensitive, accurate and selective method for determination of trace amounts of Pb(II) in water samples is presented. A novel Schiff base-chitosan-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes (S-CS-MWCNTs) solid-phase extraction adsorbent was synthesized by covalently grafting a Schiff base-chitosan (S-CS) onto the surfaces of oxidized MWCNTs. The stability of a chemically (S-CS-MWCNTs) especially in concentrated hydrochloric acid which was then used as a recycling and preconcentration reagent for further uses of (S-CS-MWCNTs). The method is based on selective chelation of Pb(II) on surfactant coated C18, modified with a Schiff base-chitosan-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes (S-CS-MWCNTs). The retained ions were then eluted with 4 mL of 4 M nitric acid and determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) at 283.3 nm for Pb. The influence of flow rates of sample and eluent solutions, pH, break-through volume, effect of foreign ions on chelation and recovery were investigated. 1.5 g of surfactant coated C18 adsorbs 40 mg of the Schiff s base which in turn can retain 15.0 ± 0.9 mg of each of the two ions. The limit of detection (3?) for Pb(II) was found to be 3.20 ng L-1. The enrichment factor for both ions are 100. The mentioned method was successfully applied on determination of lead in different water samples. The ions were also speciated by means of three columns system.

Moghimi, Ali

2013-07-01

99

Microwave assisted synthesis and characterization of unsymmetrical tetradentate Schiff base complexes of VO(IV) and MoO(V)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microwave synthesis, is green chemical method, simple, sensitive, reducing solvent amount and reaction time. The attempt was made to synthesize the unsymmetrical tetradentate N 2O 2 ligands and their VO(IV) and MoO(V) unsymmetrical tetradentate Schiff base complexes by classical and microwave techniques using domestic microwave oven. The resulting unsymmetrical Schiff base ligands L 1-L 3 characterized by different spectral methods. Their complexes with oxocations of VO(IV) and MoO(V) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, conductometric measurements, infrared and electronic absorption, 1H NMR spectra, mass spectrometry, ESR spectra, magnetic susceptibility measurement and thermal study. The study suggests that the oxo metal ion is bonded to the ligand through the oxygen and imino nitrogen and the geometry around metal ion is distorted octahedral.

Thaker, B. T.; Barvalia, R. S.

2011-12-01

100

Antibacterial Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) Complexes of Thiadiazoles Schiff Bases.  

PubMed

Schiff bases were obtained by condensation of 2-amino-l,3,4-thiadiazole with 5-substituted-salicylaldehydes which were further used to obtain complexes of the type [M(L)(2)]Cl(2), where M=Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) or Zn(II). The new compounds described here have been characterized by physical, spectral and analytical data, and have been screened for antibacterial activity against several bacterial strains such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The antibacterial potency of these Schiff bases increased upon chelation/complexation, against the tested bacterial species, opening new aproaches in the fight against antibiotic resistant strains. PMID:18475981

Chohan, Z H; Jaffery, M F; Supuran, C T

2001-01-01

101

Antibacterial Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) Complexes of Thiadiazoles Schiff Bases  

PubMed Central

Schiff bases were obtained by condensation of 2-amino-l,3,4-thiadiazole with 5-substituted-salicylaldehydes which were further used to obtain complexes of the type [M(L)2]Cl2, where M=Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) or Zn(II). The new compounds described here have been characterized by physical, spectral and analytical data, and have been screened for antibacterial activity against several bacterial strains such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The antibacterial potency of these Schiff bases increased upon chelation/complexation, against the tested bacterial species, opening new aproaches in the fight against antibiotic resistant strains. PMID:18475981

Jaffery, Maimoon F.; Supuran, Claudiu T.

2001-01-01

102

Antioxidant, electrochemical, thermal, antimicrobial and alkane oxidation properties of tridentate Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, two Schiff base ligands (HL 1 and HL 2) and their Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Pd(II) and Ru(III) metal complexes were synthesized and characterized by the analytical and spectroscopic methods. Alkane oxidation activities of the metal complexes were studied on cyclohexane as substrate. The ligands and their metal complexes were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against Corynebacterium xerosis, Bacillus brevis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus cereus, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus and Enterococcus faecalis (as Gram-positive bacteria) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Yersinia enterocolitica, Klebsiella fragilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Candida albicans (as Gram-negative bacteria). The antioxidant properties of the Schiff base ligands were evaluated in a series of in vitro tests: 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH rad ) free radical scavenging and reducing power activity of superoxide anion radical generated non-enzymatic systems. Electrochemical and thermal properties of the compounds were investigated.

Ceyhan, Gökhan; Çelik, Cumali; Uru?, Serhan; Demirta?, ?brahim; Elmasta?, Mahfuz; Tümer, Mehmet

2011-10-01

103

Crystal structures of type I dehydroquinate dehydratase in complex with quinate and shikimate suggest a novel mechanism of Schiff base formation.  

PubMed

A component of the shikimate biosynthetic pathway, dehydroquinate dehydratase (DHQD) catalyzes the dehydration of 3-dehydroquniate (DHQ) to 3-dehydroshikimate. In the type I DHQD reaction mechanism a lysine forms a Schiff base intermediate with DHQ. The Schiff base acts as an electron sink to facilitate the catalytic dehydration. To address the mechanism of Schiff base formation, we determined structures of the Salmonella enterica wild-type DHQD in complex with the substrate analogue quinate and the product analogue shikimate. In addition, we determined the structure of the K170M mutant (Lys170 being the Schiff base forming residue) in complex with quinate. Combined with nuclear magnetic resonance and isothermal titration calorimetry data that revealed altered binding of the analogue to the K170M mutant, these structures suggest a model of Schiff base formation characterized by the dynamic interplay of opposing forces acting on either side of the substrate. On the side distant from the substrate 3-carbonyl group, closure of the enzyme's ?8-?8 loop is proposed to guide DHQ into the proximity of the Schiff base-forming Lys170. On the 3-carbonyl side of the substrate, Lys170 sterically alters the position of DHQ's reactive ketone, aligning it at an angle conducive for nucleophilic attack. This study of a type I DHQD reveals the interplay between the enzyme and substrate required for the correct orientation of a functional group constrained within a cyclic substrate. PMID:24437575

Light, Samuel H; Antanasijevic, Aleksandar; Krishna, Sankar N; Caffrey, Michael; Anderson, Wayne F; Lavie, Arnon

2014-02-11

104

A one-dimensional coordination polymer based on a di-Schiff base supported trinuclear CuII subunit.  

PubMed

A novel one-dimensional Cu(II) coordination polymer, catena-poly[bis(?(4)-3-{[2-(3-hydroxy-2-oxidobenzylidene)hydrazinylidene]methyl}benzene-1,2-diolato)dimethanoltricopper(II)], [Cu(3)(C(14)H(10)N(2)O(4))(2)(CH(3)OH)(2)](n), (I), was constructed with a di-Schiff base supported centrosymmetric trinuclear Cu(II) subunit. In the subunit, two peripheral symmetry-related Cu(II) cations have square-pyramidal CuNO(4) geometry and the central third Cu(II) cation lies on an inversion centre with octahedral CuN(2)O(4) geometry. In (I), each partially deprotonated di-Schiff base 3-{[2-(3-hydroxy-2-oxidobenzylidene)hydrazinylidene]methyl}benzene-1,2-diolate ligand (Hbcaz(3-)) acts as a heptadentate ligand to bind the Cu(II) centres into chains along the a axis. A centrosymmetric Cu(2)O(2) unit containing an asymmetrically bridging O atom, being axial at one Cu atom and equatorial at the other Cu atom, links the trinuclear Cu(II) subunit into a one-dimensional chain, which is reinforced by intramolecular phenol-methanol O-H...O and methanol-phenolate O-H...O hydrogen bonds. Interchain ?-? stacking interactions between pyrocatechol units, with a distance of 3.5251?(18)?Å, contribute to the stability of the crystal packing. PMID:22476144

Zhang, Liangliang; Liu, Fuling; Yuan, Shuai; Wang, Xiaoyang; Sun, Di

2012-04-01

105

Metal based biologically active compounds: design, synthesis, and antibacterial/antifungal/cytotoxic properties of triazole-derived Schiff bases and their oxovanadium(IV) complexes.  

PubMed

A new series of oxovanadium(IV) complexes have been designed and synthesized with a new class of triazole Schiff bases derived from the reaction of 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole with 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde, pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde, pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde and acetyl pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde, respectively. Physical (magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance), spectral (IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, mass and electronic) and analytical data have established the structures of these synthesized Schiff bases and their oxovanadium(IV) complexes. The Schiff bases, predominantly act as bidentate and coordinate with the vanadium(IV) metal to give a stoichiometric ratio of 1:2 [M:L], forming a general formulae, [M(L-H)(2)] and [M(L)(2)]SO(4) where L = (L(1))-(L(4)) and M = VO(IV) of these complexes in a square-pyramidal geometry. In order to evaluate the biological activity of Schiff bases and to assess the role of vanadium(IV) metal on biological activity, the triazole Schiff bases and their oxovanadium(IV) complexes have been studied for in vitro antibacterial activity against four Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Shigella flexenari, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi) and two Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis) bacterial strains, in vitro antifungal activity against Trichophyton longifucus, Candida albican, Aspergillus flavus, Microscopum canis, Fusarium solani and Candida glaberata. The simple Schiff bases showed weaker to significant activity against one or more bacterial and fungal strains. In most of the cases higher activity was exhibited upon coordination with vanadium(IV) metal. Brine shrimp bioassay was also carried out for in vitro cytotoxic properties against Artemia salina. PMID:20338672

Chohan, Zahid H; Sumrra, Sajjad H; Youssoufi, Moulay H; Hadda, Taibi B

2010-07-01

106

Structure-property relationship of highly ?-conjugated Schiff-base moiety in liquid crystal diepoxide polymerization and mesophases stabilization.  

PubMed

A study of the structure-property relationship of the highly ?-conjugated Schiff-base moiety in polymerization of a liquid crystal (LC) diepoxide oligomer (PBMBA) and mesophases stabilization has been investigated. We first proposed two exothermic peaks distinctly observed in nonisothermal polymerization curves for thermal copolymerization of PBMBA monomer with a diamine comonomer that corresponded to two different reactions, namely, an epoxy-amine polymerization and anionic polymerization. For PBMBA, note that an unexpected homopolymerization accompanying an appearance of enantiotropic mesophase transitions had taken place in the absence of any initiators, evidencing the possibility of an anionic mechanism yielding a homopolymer. A novel Schiff-base model compound (SBM) was synthesized and used to induce the polymerization of different types of epoxies. Based on the structure-property relationship, we considered a specific role of highly ?-conjugated Schiff-base moieties in the anionic polymerization of PBMBA and hoped the mesophases could be stabilized using this mechanism, which may provide a key strategy for design of the polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) materials via a chemical process. PMID:21604795

Liu, Huan; Fu, Zien; Xu, Kai; Cai, Hualun; Liu, Xin; Chen, Mingcai

2011-06-16

107

POLYMER SUPPORTED N,N?BIS(SALICYLIDENE) HYDRAZINE Co(II) SCHIFF BASE COMPLEX AND ITS CATALYTIC ACTIVITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

N,N?-bis(salicylidene)hydrazine cobalt (II) Schiff base complex immobilized on crosslinked polymer support has been prepared by suspension copolymerization of synthesized N,N?-bis(3-allylsalicylidene)hydrazine monomer along with styrene and divinyl benzene using azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as initiator in the presence of poly(vinyl alcohol) and reacting prepared beads with cobalt (II) chloride solution in dimethyl formamide (DMF). The amount of divinyl benzene in suspension copolymerization has

K. C. Gupta; H. K. Abdul Kadir; S. Chand

2002-01-01

108

Synthesis, characterization and thermal study of some transition metal complexes of an asymmetrical tetradentate Schiff base ligand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complexes of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II) and Fe(III) with an asym- metric tetradentate Schiff base ligand derived from dehydroacetic acid, 4-me- thyl-o-phenylenediamine and salicylic aldehyde were synthesized and charac- terized by elemental analysis, conductometry, magnetic susceptibility, UV-Vis, IR, 1 H-NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis of powdered samples and thermal analysis, and screened for antimicrobial activity. The IR spectral data suggested

ACHUT S. MUNDE; AMARNATH N. JAGDALE; SARIKA M. JADHAV; TRIMBAK K. CHONDHEKAR

2010-01-01

109

Design and synthesis of binucleating macrocyclic clefts derived from Schiff-base calixpyrroles.  

PubMed

The syntheses, characterisation and complexation reactions of a series of binucleating Schiff-base calixpyrrole macrocycles are described. The acid-templated [2+2] condensations between meso-disubstituted diformyldipyrromethanes and o-phenylenediamines generate the Schiff-base pyrrolic macrocycles H(4)L(1) to H(4)L(6) upon basic workup. The single-crystal X-ray structures of both H(4)L(3).2 EtOH and H(4)L(6).H2O confirm that [2+2] cyclisation has occurred, with either EtOH or H2O hydrogen-bonded within the macrocyclic cleft. A series of complexation reactions generate the dipalladium [Pd2(L)] (L=L(1) to L(5)), dinickel [Ni2(L(1))] and dicopper [Cu2(L)] (L=L(1) to L(3)) complexes. All of these complexes have been structurally characterised in the solid state and are found to adopt wedged structures that are enforced by the rigidity of the aryl backbone to give a cleft reminiscent of the structures of Pacman porphyrins. The binuclear nickel complexes [Ni2(mu-OMe)2Cl2(HOMe)2(H(4)L(1))] and [Ni2(mu-OH)2Cl2(HOMe)(H(4)L(5))] have also been prepared, although in these cases the solid-state structures show that the macrocyclic ligand remains protonated at the pyrrolic nitrogen atoms, and the Ni(II) cations are therefore co-ordinated by the imine nitrogen atoms only to give an open conformation for the complex. The dicopper complex [Cu2(L(3))] was crystallised in the presence of pyridine to form the adduct [Cu2(py)(L(3))], in which, in the solid state, the pyridine ligand is bound within the binuclear molecular cleft. Reaction between H(4)L(1) and [Mn(thf){N(SiMe(3))2}2] results in clean formation of the dimanganese complex [Mn2(L(1))], which, upon crystallisation, formed the mixed-valent complex [Mn2(mu-OH)(L(1))] in which the hydroxo ligand bridges the metal centres within the molecular cleft. PMID:17245783

Givaja, Gonzalo; Volpe, Manuel; Leeland, James W; Edwards, Michael A; Young, Thomas K; Darby, S Barnie; Reid, Stuart D; Blake, Alexander J; Wilson, Claire; Wolowska, Joanna; McInnes, Eric J L; Schröder, Martin; Love, Jason B

2007-01-01

110

Antifungal Activities of Copper(II) with Biosensitive Macrocyclic Schiff Base Ligands Derived from 4-Aminoantipyrine Derivatives.  

PubMed

Novel copper(II) complexes have been synthesized from the macrocyclic Schiff bases derived from Knoevenagel condensed ?-ketoanilides (obtained by the condensation of acetoacetanilide and substituted benzaldehydes), 4-aminoantipyrine and o-phenylene diamine. The structural features have been determined from their analytical and spectral data. All the Cu(II) complexes exhibit square planar geometry. Their high molar conductance values support their 1: 2 electrolytic nature. The magnetic moment data provide evidence for the monomeric nature of the complexes. The X-band ESR spectra of the [CuL(1)](OAc)2 in DMSO solution at 300 and 77 K were recorded and their salient features are reported. The in vitro biological screening effects of the investigated compounds were tested against the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungal species Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Candida albicans by well diffusion method. A comparative study of inhibition values of the Schiff bases and their complexes indicate that complexes exhibit higher antimicrobial activity than the Schiff bases. Copper ions proved to be essential for the growth-inhibitor effect. The extent of inhibition appeared to be strongly dependent on the initial cell density and on the growth medium. PMID:23983523

Gopalakrishnan, S; Joseph, J

2009-06-01

111

Antifungal Activities of Copper(II) with Biosensitive Macrocyclic Schiff Base Ligands Derived from 4-Aminoantipyrine Derivatives  

PubMed Central

Novel copper(II) complexes have been synthesized from the macrocyclic Schiff bases derived from Knoevenagel condensed ?-ketoanilides (obtained by the condensation of acetoacetanilide and substituted benzaldehydes), 4-aminoantipyrine and o-phenylene diamine. The structural features have been determined from their analytical and spectral data. All the Cu(II) complexes exhibit square planar geometry. Their high molar conductance values support their 1 : 2 electrolytic nature. The magnetic moment data provide evidence for the monomeric nature of the complexes. The X-band ESR spectra of the [CuL1](OAc)2 in DMSO solution at 300 and 77 K were recorded and their salient features are reported. The in vitro biological screening effects of the investigated compounds were tested against the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungal species Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Candida albicans by well diffusion method. A comparative study of inhibition values of the Schiff bases and their complexes indicate that complexes exhibit higher antimicrobial activity than the Schiff bases. Copper ions proved to be essential for the growth-inhibitor effect. The extent of inhibition appeared to be strongly dependent on the initial cell density and on the growth medium. PMID:23983523

Joseph, J.

2009-01-01

112

Synthesis of novel chiral Schiff base and amino alcohol derivatives of calix[4]arene and chiral recognition properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present study, the synthesis and liquid phase extraction properties towards some amino acid methylesters and amino alcohols of Schiff base and amino alcohol substituted calix[4]arene are reported. The Schiff base substituted calix[4]arene 5 has been synthesized via condensation reaction involving 5,17-diformyl-11,23-di- tert-butyl-25,27-di[3-(4-formylphenoxy)propoxy]-26,28 dihydroxycalix[4]arene 4 and ( R)-(-)-2-phenylglycine methyl ester in CHCl 3:MeOH. To give the amino alcohol substituted calix[4]arene 6, the synthesized chiral compound 5 was reduced by LiAlH 4. The new chiral Schiff base and amino alcohol derivatives of calix[4]arene have been characterized by a combination of FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, FAB-MS and elemental analysis. Also, the extraction behaviors of 5 and 6 towards some selected amino acid methylesters and amino alcohols have been studied by liquid-liquid extraction.

Erdemir, Serkan

2012-01-01

113

Synthesis and spectral characterization of trinuclear, oxo-centered, carboxylate-bridged, mixed-valence iron complexes with Schiff bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some novel trinuclear, oxo-centered, carboxylate-bridged, mixed-valence iron complexes of the general formula [Fe3O(OOCR)3(SB)3L3] (where R = C13H27, C15H31 or C17H35, HSB = Schiff bases and L = Ethanol) have been synthesized by the stepwise substitutions of acetate ions from ?3-oxo-hexa(acetato)tri(aqua)iron(II)diiron(III), first with straight chain carboxylic acids and then with Schiff bases. The complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, molecular weight determinations and spectral (electronic, infrared, FAB mass, Mössbauer and powder XRD) studies. Molar conductance measurements indicated the complexes to be non-electrolytes in nitrobenzene. Bridging nature of carboxylate and Schiff base anions in the complexes was established by their infrared spectra. Mössbauer spectroscopic studies indicated two quadrupole-split doublets due to Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions at 80, 200 and 295 K, confirming the complexes are mixed-valence species. This was also supported by the observed electronic spectra of the complexes. Magnetic susceptibility measurements displayed octahedral geometry around iron in mixed-valence state and a net antiferromagnetic exchange coupling via ?-oxo atom. Trinuclear nature of the complexes was confirmed by their molecular weight determination and FAB mass spectra. A plausible structure for these complexes has been established on the basis of spectral and magnetic moment data.

Singh, Atresh Kumar; Singh, Alok Kumar

2012-10-01

114

Synthesis and spectral characterization of trinuclear, oxo-centered, carboxylate-bridged, mixed-valence iron complexes with Schiff bases.  

PubMed

Some novel trinuclear, oxo-centered, carboxylate-bridged, mixed-valence iron complexes of the general formula [Fe(3)O(OOCR)(3)(SB)(3)L(3)] (where R=C(13)H(27), C(15)H(31) or C(17)H(35,) HSB=Schiff bases and L=Ethanol) have been synthesized by the stepwise substitutions of acetate ions from ?(3)-oxo-hexa(acetato)tri(aqua)iron(II)diiron(III), first with straight chain carboxylic acids and then with Schiff bases. The complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, molecular weight determinations and spectral (electronic, infrared, FAB mass, Mössbauer and powder XRD) studies. Molar conductance measurements indicated the complexes to be non-electrolytes in nitrobenzene. Bridging nature of carboxylate and Schiff base anions in the complexes was established by their infrared spectra. Mössbauer spectroscopic studies indicated two quadrupole-split doublets due to Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions at 80, 200 and 295K, confirming the complexes are mixed-valence species. This was also supported by the observed electronic spectra of the complexes. Magnetic susceptibility measurements displayed octahedral geometry around iron in mixed-valence state and a net antiferromagnetic exchange coupling via ?-oxo atom. Trinuclear nature of the complexes was confirmed by their molecular weight determination and FAB mass spectra. A plausible structure for these complexes has been established on the basis of spectral and magnetic moment data. PMID:22939284

Singh, Atresh Kumar; Singh, Alok Kumar

2012-10-01

115

Tunable emissive lanthanidomesogen derived from a room-temperature liquid-crystalline Schiff-base ligand.  

PubMed

A novel photoluminescent room-temperature liquid-crystalline salicylaldimine Schiff base with a short alkoxy substituent and a series of lanthanide(III) complexes of the type [Ln(LH)3(NO3)3] (Ln = La, Pr, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy; LH = (E)-5-(hexyloxy)-2-[{2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethylimino]methyl}phenol) have been synthesized and characterized by FTIR, (1)H and (13)C?NMR, UV/Vis, and FAB-MS analyses. The ligand coordinates to the metal ions in its zwitterionic form. The thermal behavior of the compounds was investigated by polarizing optical microscopy (POM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The ligand exhibits an enantiotropic hexagonal columnar (Col(h)) mesophase at room temperature and the complexes show an enantiotropic lamellar columnar (Col(L)) phase at around 120?°C with high thermal stability. Based on XRD results, different space-filling models have been proposed for the ligand and complexes to account for the columnar mesomorphism. The ligand exhibits intense blue emission both in solution and in the condensed state. The most intense emissions were observed for the samarium and terbium complexes, with the samarium complex glowing with a bright-orange light (ca. 560-644?nm) and the terbium complex emitting green light (ca. 490-622?nm) upon UV irradiation. DFT calculations performed by using the DMol3 program at the BLYP/DNP level of theory revealed a nine-coordinate structure for the lanthanide complexes. PMID:23939837

Pramanik, Harun A R; Das, Gobinda; Bhattacharjee, Chira R; Paul, Pradip C; Mondal, Paritosh; Prasad, S Krishna; Rao, D S Shankar

2013-09-23

116

Synthesis, characterization, biological and catalytic applications of transition metal complexes derived from Schiff base.  

PubMed

A novel series of Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Co(II), and Cd(II) complexes have been synthesized from the Schiff base. Structural features were determined by analytical and spectral techniques like IR, (1)H NMR, UV-vis, elemental analysis, molar electric conductibility, magnetic susceptibility and thermal studies. The complexes are found to be soluble in dimethylformamide and dimethylsulfoxide. Molar conductance values in dimethylformamide indicate the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Binding of synthesized complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) was studied. There is significant binding of DNA in lanes 2, 3, and 5. Lanes 4 and 6 are showing more florescence when compared to the control indicating that these molecules are strongly bound to the DNA by inserting themselves between the two stacked base pairs and exhibiting their original property of fluorescence. Angiogenesis study has revealed that the compounds B-2, B-4 and B-5 have potent antitumor efficacy and activation of antiangiogenesis could be one of the possible underlying mechanisms of tumor inhibition. PMID:24915881

Bushra Begum, A; Rekha, N D; Vasantha Kumar, B C; Lakshmi Ranganatha, V; Khanum, Shaukath Ara

2014-08-01

117

Synthesis, characterization and metal ion-sensing properties of two Schiff base derivatives.  

PubMed

Two new Schiff base derivatives {2,2'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)biphenyl-4,4'-diamine} (1) and {2,2'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(salicylidene)biphenyl-4,4'-diamine} (2) were synthesized and characterized by means of elemental analysis, (1)H NMR, FT-IR, and standard spectroscopy techniques. The molecular structure of 2 has been determined by X-ray single crystal analysis. The analyses of fluorescence properties of the compounds revealed that 1 and 2 are both poorly fluorescent and display sensitive fluorescence responses to a panel of 24 monovalent, divalent, and trivalent metal ions in CH(3)CN-DMSO (9:1, v/v). Results with imine 1 showed that Fe(3+), Cu(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+), Mn(2+), Zr(4+), Hg(2+), Cr(2+), Pb(2+), Sn(2+), Bi(2+), Al(3+), Ce(3+), La(3+), Sm(3+), Gd(3+), Nd(3+), Eu(3+) and Dy(3+) yields red shifts in emission and increases in intensity. And the greatest spectral changes for imine 2 include enhancements in emission intensity coupled with red shifts (Zr(4+), Sn(2+), Al(3+) and Zn(2+)) and strong quenching (Fe(3+)). The fluorescence enhancement mechanism of 1 and 2 for metal ions is based on: (i) CN isomerization; (ii) chelation-enhanced fluorescence (CHEF) effect; and (iii) excited-state intra/intermolecular proton transfer (ESPT). PMID:22387686

Xu, Huihua; Tao, Xian; Li, Yueqin; Shen, Yingzhong; Wei, Yanhong

2012-06-01

118

Seven-coordinate lanthanide sandwich-type complexes with a tetrathiafulvalene-fused Schiff base ligand.  

PubMed

Three seven-coordinate lanthanide(III) sandwich-type mononuclear complexes with ?-conjugated TTF-Schiff base ligand H2L (L(2-) = 2,2'-((2-(4,5-bis(methylthio)-1,3-dithiol-2-ylidene)-1,3-benzodithiole-5,6-diyl)bis(nitrilomethylidyne)bis(4-chlorophenolate)) and the tripodal ligand L(OEt)(-) (L(OEt)(-) = [(?(5)-C5H5)Co(P(?O)(OEt)2)3](-)), [(L(OEt))Ln(L)]·0.25H2O (Ln(3+) = Dy(3+), 1; Tb(3+), 2; Ho(3+), 3), have been synthesized and structurally characterized. All of the complexes are also characterized by absorption spectra and electrochemical, spectroelectrochemical, and magnetic studies. The Dy complex exhibits the field-induced slow relaxation of magnetization with an energy barrier of 41.6 K, indicating it shows single lanthanide-based SMM behavior. Introduction of the redox-active TTF unit into the sandwich-type lanthanide(III) complexes with interesting magnetic properties renders them promising for elaboration of new hybrid inorganic-organic materials. PMID:24063409

Gao, Feng; Cui, Long; Liu, Wei; Hu, Liang; Zhong, Yu-Wu; Li, Yi-Zhi; Zuo, Jing-Lin

2013-10-01

119

Spectroscopic and electrochemical characterization of some Schiff base metal complexes containing benzoin moiety.  

PubMed

The ligation behavior of bis-benzoin ethylenediamine (B2ED) and benzoin thiosemicarbazone (BTS) Schiff bases towards Ru(3+), Rh(3+), Pd(2+), Ni(2+) and Cu(2+) were determined. The bond length of M-N and spectrochemical parameters (10Dq, ?, B and LFSE) of the complexes were evaluated. The redox characteristics of selected complexes were explored by cyclic voltammetry (CV) at Pt working electrode in non aqueous solvents. Au mesh (100 w/in.) optically transparent thin layer electrode (OTTLE) was also used for recording thin layer CV for selected Ru complex. Oxidation of some complexes occurs in a consecutive chemical reaction of an EC type mechanism. The characteristics of electron transfer process of the couples M(2+)/M(3+) and M(3+)/M(4+) (M=Ru(3+), Rh(3+)) and the stability of the complexes towards oxidation and/or reduction were assigned. The nature of the electroactive species and reduction mechanism of selected electrode couples were assigned. PMID:23792194

El-Shahawi, M S; Al-Jahdali, M S; Bashammakh, A S; Al-Sibaai, A A; Nassef, H M

2013-09-01

120

Synthesis, molecular structure, and properties of a neutral Schiff base phenolic complex of magnesium  

SciTech Connect

Multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer mediated by the MDR1 P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a 140--180 kDa plasma membrane protein, renders chemotherapeutic treatment ineffective by pumping a variety of natural product cytotoxic agents and xenobiotic compounds out of cancer cells. Pgp has been a major target for synthesis and development of both therapeutic antagonists that block its transport function and diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals that are transported by the protein for use in functional imaging of Pgp transport activity in tumors in vivo. Most, but not all, compounds that interact with Pgp are hydrophobic and cationic at physiological pH. To further understand the Pgp targeting properties, the authors sought to directly evaluate the effect of charge of the complex on Pgp interactions. This could be done by comparing the cytotoxicity profile of a neutral complex to that of an identical, but positively charged, complex in both drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant cancer cells. Thus, a neutral analogue of the Ga(III) and Fe(III) complexes was desired. Herein the authors describe the synthesis and structure of a novel neutral Schiff base Mg complex and evaluate its cytotoxic potency in human drug-sensitive KB-3-1 and multi-drug-resistant KB-8-5 tumor cells.

Polyakov, V.R.; Sharma, V.; Crankshaw, C.L.; Piwnica-Worms, D. [Washington University Medical School, St. Louis, MO (United States)] [Washington University Medical School, St. Louis, MO (United States)

1998-09-07

121

Colorimetric detection of in situ metal acetates and fluorides by a bipyridyl-linked Schiff base.  

PubMed

Here, we present a new bipyridyl moiety linked Schiff base (bipy-1) that is well characterized using spectroscopic techniques. Colorimetric and UV-vis titrations were used to study the photophysical properties of bipy-1 in the presence of various tetrabutyl ammonium salt of anions and metal salts containing different counter cations. bipy-1 showed selective recognition of dimethyl sulphoxide solution of tetrabutyl ammonium salt of F(-) ion accompanied with a UV-vis band at 529?nm and interesting binding of aqueous Co, Ni, and Cu acetates/fluorides, as confirmed by distinct color changes from fluorescent green to pink or orange and a strong band around 480-510?nm in the UV-vis spectrum. However, in the presence of Co, Ni, and Cu countercations, any form of metal acetate/fluorides was found to be able to respond to similar color changes from fluorescent green to pink or orange, showing a band around 480-510?nm. This type of output clearly indicates that the in situ formation of Co, Ni, and Cu acetates/fluorides also coordinates with bipyridyl nitrogen atoms. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25319616

Suganya, Sivalingam; Zo, Hye Jin; Park, Jong S; Velmathi, Sivan

2014-12-01

122

QM study and conformational analysis of an isatin Schiff base as a potential cytotoxic agent.  

PubMed

Isatin is an important compound from the biological aspect of view. It is an endogenous substance and moreover; various pharmacological activities have been reported for isatin and its derivatives. In-vitro cytotoxic effects of the prepared isatin Schiff bases toward HeLa, LS180 and Raji human cancer cell lines has been reported in our previous work. 3-(2-(4-nitrophenyl)hydrazono) indolin-2-one was found to be the most potent one among the studied compounds (IC(30)?=12.2 and 21.8 ?M in HeLa and LS-180 cell lines, respectively). Obtained biological data could be well interpreted using docking binding energies toward vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR-2); a key anticancer target being biologically investigated against various isatin derivatives. In the present work, quantum mechanical (QM) method including functional B3LYP in association with split valence basis set using polarization functions (Def2-SVP) was used to estimate individual ligand-residue interaction energies for the docked 3-(2-(4-nitrophenyl)hydrazono) indolin-2-one into VEGFR-2 active site. Results were further interpreted via calculated polarization effects induced by individual amino acids of the receptor active site. A fairly good correlation could be found between polarization effects and estimated binding energies (R(2)?=0.7227). Conformational analysis revealed that 3-(2-(4-nitrophenyl) hydrazono) indolin-2-one might not necessarily interact with the VEGFR-2 active site in its minimum energy conformation. PMID:23053004

Miri, Ramin; Razzaghi-asl, Nima; Mohammadi, Mohammad K

2013-02-01

123

FTIR Studies of Internal Water Molecules of Bacteriorhodopsin: Structural Analysis of Halide-bound D85S and D212N Mutants in the Schiff Base Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bacteriorhodopsin (BR), a membrane protein found in Halobacterium salinarum, functions as a light-driven proton pump. The Schiff base region has a quadropolar structure with positive charges located at the protonated Schiff base and Arg82, and counterbalancing negative charges located at Asp85 and Asp212 (Figure 1A). It is known that BR lacks a proton-pumping activity if Asp85 or Asp212 is neutralized by mutation. On the other hand, binding of C1- brings different effects for pumping functions in mutants at D85 and D212 position. While C1--bound D85T and D85S pump C1-, photovoltage measurements suggested that C1--bound D212N pumps protons at low pH. In this study, we measured low-temperature FTIR spectra of D85S and D212N containing various halides to compare the halide binding site of both proteins. In the case of D85S, the N-D stretching vibrations of the Schiff base were halide-dependent. This result suggests that the halide is a hydrogen-bond acceptor of the Schiff base, being consistent with the X-ray crystal structure. On the other hand, no halide dependence was observed for vibrational bands of the retinal skeleton and the Schiff base in the D212N mutant. This result suggests that the halide does not form a hydrogen bond with the Schiff base directly, unlike the mutation at D85 position. Halide-dependent water bands in the Schiff base region also differ between D85S and D212N. From these results, halide binding site of both proteins and role of two negative charges in BR will be discussed.

Shibata, Mikihiro; Kandori, Hideki

2007-12-01

124

Charge transfer complexes of adenosine-5 '-monophosphate and cytidine-5 '-monophosphate with water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes in aqueous solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water-soluble cobalt(II) tetradentate Schiff base complexes have been shown to form charge transfer (CT) complexes with a series of nucleoside monophosphates including adenosine-5 '-monophosphate (AMP) and cytidine-5 '-monophosphate (CMP). The investigated water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes are (i) disodium[{bis(5-sulfo-salicylaldehyde)- o-phenylenediiminato}cobalt(II)], Na 2[Co(SO 3-salophen)] ( 1); (ii) disodium[{bis(5-sulfo-salicylaldehyde)-4,5-dimethyl- o-phenylenediiminato}cobalt(II)], Na 2[Co(SO 3-sal-4,5-dmophen)] ( 2) and (iii) disodium[{bis(4-methoxy-5-sulfo-salicylaldehyde)-4,5-dimethyl- o-phenylenediiminato}cobalt(II)], Na 2[Co(SO 3-4-meosal-4,5-dmophen)] ( 3). The formation constant and thermodynamic parameters for charge transfer complex formation of water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes with nucleoside monophosphates were determined spectrophotometrically in aqueous solution at constant ionic strength ( I = 0.2 mol dm -3 KNO 3) under physiological condition (pH 7.0) and at various temperatures between 288 and 308 K. The stoichiometry has been found to be 1:1 (water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complex: nucleoside monophosphate) in each case. Our spectroscopic and thermodynamic results show that the interaction of water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes with the investigated nucleoside monophosphates occurs mainly through the phosphate group. The trend of the interaction according to the cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes due to electronic and steric factors is as follows: Na 2[Co(SO 3-salophen)] > Na 2[Co(SO 3-sal-4,5-dmophen)] > Na 2[Co(SO 3-4-meosal-4,5-dmophen)]. Also the trend of the interaction of a given cobalt(II) Schiff base complex according to the nucleoside monophosphate is as follows: CMP > AMP.

Boghaei, Davar M.; Gharagozlou, Mehrnaz

2006-01-01

125

New d 10 heterometallic coordination polymers based on compartmental Schiff-base ligands. Synthesis, structure and luminescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The self-assembly processes between binuclear [Zn2Ln]2+ complex cations and complex anions, [M(CN)2]? [M(I)=Ag(I), Au(I)], generate new one-dimensional (1-D) coordination polymers: 1?[{L1Zn2(?3-OH)}2(H2O){?-[Ag(CN)2]}](ClO4)3 THF 0.5MeOH 1, 1?[{L1Zn2(?3-OH)}2(H2O){?-[Au(CN)2]}](ClO4)3 THF H2O 2, 1?[{L2Zn2(?-OH)}{?-[Ag(CN)2]}][Ag(CN)2] H2O 3 (H2Ln are bicompartmental Schiff-base ligands resulting from condensation reactions between 2,6-diformyl-p-cresol with 2-aminomethyl-pyridine, and 2-aminoethyl-pyridine, respectively). The luminescence properties of the new heterometallic complexes have been investigated.

Gabriela Marinescu; Augustin M. Madalan; Carmen Tiseanu; Marius Andruh

2011-01-01

126

Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of ferrocene-based Schiff base ligands and their metal (II) complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal (II) complexes derived from S-benzyl-N-(1-ferrocenyl-3-(4-methylbenzene)acrylketone) dithiocarbazate; HL1, S-benzyl-N-(1-ferrocenyl-3-(4-chlorobenzene)acrylketone)dithiocarbazate; HL2, all the compounds were characterized using various spectroscopic techniques. The molar conductance data revealed that the chelates were non-electrolytes. IR spectra showed that the Schiff bases were coordinated to the metal ions in a bidentate manner with N, S donor sites. The ligands and their metal complexes have been screened for in vitro antibacterial, antifungal properties. The result of these studies have revealed that zinc (II) complexes 6 and 13 of both the ligands and copper (II) complexes 9 of the HL2 were observed to be the most active against all bacterial strains, antifungal activity was overall enhanced after complexation of the ligands.

Liu, Yu-Ting; Lian, Gui-Dan; Yin, Da-Wei; Su, Bao-Jun

127

Synthesis and anti-microbial screening of novel schiff bases of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin 4-(3H)-one  

PubMed Central

In the present study, novel Schiff bases were synthesized by condensation of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-ones with different aromatic aldehydes. The 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one was synthesized from anthranilic acid via the 2-methyl benzoxazin-4-one. The chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by means of Infrared (IR), 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, Mass spectral, and Elemental analysis. These compounds were screened for anti-bacterial (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 9144, Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 155, Micrococcus luteus ATCC 4698, Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 2853, and Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 11298)) and anti-fungal (Aspergillus niger ATCC 9029 and Aspergillus fumigatus ATCC 46645) activities, using the paper disk diffusion technique. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the compounds were also determined by the agar streak dilution method. Most of the synthesized compounds exhibited significant anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities. Among the synthesized compounds, 3-(4-hydroxy benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 4g and 4c was found to exhibit the highest anti-bacterial activity and 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 4k exhibited the highest anti-fungal activity. PMID:22247864

Saravanan, Govindaraj; Pannerselvam, Perumal; Prakash, Chinnasamy Rajaram

2010-01-01

128

Synthesis, characterization and crystal structure of some bidentate heterocyclic Schiff base ligands of 4-toluoyl pyrazolones and its mononuclear Cu(II) complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We depict the synthesis of a new set of six bidentate heterocyclic Schiff base ligands, formed by the condensation of three different 4-toluoyl pyrazolones with various aromatic amines in ethanolic medium. All of these ligands have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and Mass spectral data. The molecular geometries of three of these ligands have been determined by single crystal X-ray study. It reveals that these ligands exist in amine-one tautomeric form in the solid state. The reaction of these ligands with copper(II) resulted in the formation of mononuclear complexes having the general composition [CuL 2(H 2O) 2] with two water molecules at axial positions. These complexes have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, Cu-estimation, molar conductivity, magnetic measurements, IR, UV-Visible, FAB-Mass, TG-DTA-DSC data, cyclic voltametric measurements and ESR spectral studies. ESR spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements indicates distorted octahedral stereochemistry of Cu(II) complexes, while non-electrolytic behaviour of complexes indicates the absence of counter ion.

Vyas, Komal M.; Jadeja, R. N.; Gupta, Vivek K.; Surati, K. R.

2011-03-01

129

Electronic-structure and quantum dynamical study of the photochromism of the aromatic Schiff base salicylideneaniline  

SciTech Connect

The ultrafast proton transfer dynamics of salicylideneaniline has been theoretically analyzed in the ground and first singlet excited electronic states using density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT calculations, which predict a ({pi},{pi}*) barrierless excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT). In addition to this, the photochemistry of salicylideneaniline is experimentally known to present fast depopulation processes of the photoexcited species before and after the proton transfer reaction. Such processes are explained by means of conical intersections between the ground and first singlet ({pi},{pi}*) excited electronic states. The electronic energies obtained by the time-dependent density functional theory formalism have been fitted to a monodimensional potential energy surface in order to perform quantum dynamics study of the processes. Our results show that the proton transfer and deactivation of the photoexcited species before the ESIPT processes are completed within 49.6 and 37.7 fs, respectively, which is in remarkable good agreement with experiments.

Ortiz-Sanchez, Juan Manuel; Gelabert, Ricard; Moreno, Miquel; Lluch, Jose M. [Departament de Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain)

2008-12-07

130

Formation of Schiff bases of O-phosphorylethanolamine and O-phospho-D,L-serine with pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. experimental and theoretical studies.  

PubMed

Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is a B(6) vitamer acting as an enzyme cofactor in various reactions of aminoacid metabolism and inhibiting glycation of biomolecules. Nonenzymatic glycation of aminophospholipids alters the stability of lipid bilayers and cell function as a result. Similarly to protein glycation, aminophospholipid glycation initially involves the formation of a Schiff base. In this work, we studied the formation of Schiff bases between PLP and two compounds mimicking the polar head of natural aminophospholipids, namely: O-phosphorylethanolamine and O-phospho-D,L-serine. Based on the results, the pH-dependence of the microscopic constants of the two PLP-aminophosphate systems studied is identical with that for PLP-aminoacid systems. However, the rate and equilibrium formation constants for the Schiff bases of the aminophosphates are low relative to those for the aminoacids. A theoretical study by density functional theory of the formation mechanism for the Schiff bases of PLP with the two aminophospholipid analogues confirmed that the activation energy of formation of the Schiff bases is greater with aminophosphates; on the other hand, that of hydrolysis is essentially similar with aminoacids and aminophosphates. PMID:22280506

Vilanova, Bartolomé; Gallardo, Jessica M; Caldés, Catalina; Adrover, Miquel; Ortega-Castro, Joaquín; Muñoz, Francisco; Donoso, Josefa

2012-03-01

131

Theoretical spectroscopic study of seven zinc(II) complex with macrocyclic Schiff-base ligand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seven zinc complexes, which are [ZnL1]2+, [ZnL2]2+, [ZnL3]2+, [ZnL4]2+, [ZnL5]2+, [ZnL6]2+ and [ZnL7]2+, are studied as theoretically. Structural parameters, vibration frequencies, electronic absorption spectra and 1H and 13C NMR spectra are obtained for Zn(II) complexes of macrocyclic penta and heptaaza Schiff-base ligand. Vibration spectra of Zn(II) complexes are studied by using Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations at the B3LYP/LANL2DZ. The UV-VIS and NMR spectra of the zinc complexes are obtained by using Time Dependent-Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) method and Giao method, respectively. The agreements are found between experimental data of [ZnL5]2+, [ZnL6]2+ and [ZnL7]2+ complex ions and their calculated results. The geometries of complexes are found as distorted pentagonal planar for [ZnL1]2+, [ZnL2]2+ and [ZnL3]2+ complex ions, distorted tetrahedral for [ZnL4]2+ complex ion and distorted pentagonal bipyramidal for [ZnL5]2+, [ZnL6]2+ and [ZnL7]2+ complex ions. Ranking of biological activity is determined by using quantum chemical parameters and this ranking is found as: [ZnL7]2+ > [ZnL6]2+ > [ZnL5]2+ > [ZnL3]2+ > [ZnL2]2+ > [ZnL1]2+.

Sayin, Koray; Kariper, Sultan Erkan; Sayin, Tuba Alagöz; Karaka?, Duran

2014-12-01

132

Synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and DNA cleavage of binuclear Cu(II) Schiff-base complexes.  

PubMed

Five binuclear Schiff base copper(ii) complexes [Cu(2)(L)(OAc)].3DMF (), [Cu(2)(L)(OAc)](2).3DMF (), [Cu(2)(L)(BNPP)].3CH(3)CN (), [Cu(2)(L)(Fa)].2DMF () and [Cu(2)(L)(Pa)].DMF () (H(3)L = N,N'-bis(3,5-tert-butylsalicylidene-2-hydroxy)-1,3-propanediamine, OAc = acetic acid, BNPP = bis(4-nitrophenyl)phosphate, Fa = 2-tetrahydrofuroic acid, Pa = benzoic acid) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray single-crystal structure analysis. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility studies (2-300 K) indicate the existence of ferromagnetic coupling between the copper(ii) ions in complexes and , and antiferromagnetic coupling in complexes and . The interaction of these complexes with CT-DNA has been studied by using absorption and emission spectral methods. The apparent binding constant (K(app)) values for complexes , , and are 4.67 x 10(5), 9.48 x 10(5), 4.30 x 10(5) and 3.90 x 10(5) M(-1), respectively, which show that the complexes bind to DNA by moderate intercalative binding modes. Furthermore, all these complexes can cleave plasmid DNA to nicked DNA in a sequential manner as the concentrations or reaction times are increased in the absence of reducing agent. Their cleavage activities are promoted in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The cleavage mechanisms between the complexes and plasmid DNA are likely to involve singlet oxygen (1)O(2) and OH as reactive oxygen species. PMID:19290371

Kou, Yingying; Tian, Jinlei; Li, Dongdong; Gu, Wen; Liu, Xin; Yan, Shiping; Liao, Daizheng; Cheng, Peng

2009-04-01

133

Design of nanostructures based on aromatic peptide amphiphiles.  

PubMed

Aromatic peptide amphiphiles are gaining popularity as building blocks for the bottom-up fabrication of nanomaterials, including gels. These materials combine the simplicity of small molecules with the versatility of peptides, with a range of applications proposed in biomedicine, nanotechnology, food science, cosmetics, etc. Despite their simplicity, a wide range of self-assembly behaviours have been described. Due to varying conditions and protocols used, care should be taken when attempting to directly compare results from the literature. In this review, we rationalise the structural features which govern the self-assembly of aromatic peptide amphiphiles by focusing on four segments, (i) the N-terminal aromatic component, (ii) linker segment, (iii) peptide sequence, and (iv) C-terminus. It is clear that the molecular structure of these components significantly influences the self-assembly process and resultant supramolecular architectures. A number of modes of assembly have been proposed, including parallel, antiparallel, and interlocked antiparallel stacking conformations. In addition, the co-assembly arrangements of aromatic peptide amphiphiles are reviewed. Overall, this review elucidates the structural trends and design rules that underpin the field of aromatic peptide amphiphile assembly, paving the way to a more rational design of nanomaterials based on aromatic peptide amphiphiles. PMID:25199102

Fleming, Scott; Ulijn, Rein V

2014-12-01

134

Schiff bases attached L-glutamine and L-asparagine: first investigation on antimutagenic and antimicrobial analyses.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to evaluate the antimutagenic and antimicrobial activities of Schiff bases attached L-glutamine and L-asparagine. Antibacterial activities of the compounds against S. aureus, Sh. dys. typ 7, L. monocytogenes 4b, E. coli, S. typhi H, S. epidermis, Br. abortus, M. luteus, B. cereus, P. putida, and antifungal activity against Candida albicans were studied. These compounds were investigated for antimutagenic properties against Aflatoxin B? (AFB?) using micronuclei (MN) assay in human lymphocyte cell culture in vitro. The protective role of these compounds against AFB?-induced MN is probably related to its doses. PMID:23687951

Sakiyan, Iffet; Anar, Mustafa; O?ütcü, Hatice; Agar, Guleray; Sar?, Nur?en

2014-06-01

135

Synthesis of Styrene-Allylchloride Copolymer Supported Cobalt(II) Schiff Base Complex and Its Catalytic Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

N,N?-bis(acetylacetone)o-phenylenediamine cobalt (II) Schiff base complex and its polymer bound analogue have been prepared and characterized for their structure and catalytic activity. To prepare heterogenized analogue of the cobalt (II) complex, a new crosslinked functional polymeric beads were prepared by suspension copolymerization of styrene (48.97 mmol, 5.1 g), allylchloride (48.97 mmol, 3.746 g) and divinylbenzene (1.50 mmol, 0.195 g) in the presence of azobisisobutyronitrile (9.0×10 mmol, 0.15 g)

K. C. Gupta; H. K. Abdulkadir; S. Chand

2003-01-01

136

Synthesis and photoreaction of Schiff bases derived from p-nitro cinnamaldehyde and diamines in Langmuir and Langmuir Blodgett films  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Monolayers of Schiff bases derived from ethylene diamine and o-phenylene diamine with p-nitro cinnamaldehyde, (compounds 1 and 2) at air/water interface have been studied. Photolysis of 1 in chloroform solution undergoes cis- trans isomerization on irradiation of white light while compound 2 does not undergo isomerization under photolytic conditions. The photolysis of 1 and 2 in Langmuir-Blodgett films (LB films) transferred to quartz plates form dimers. The change in product distribution is attributed to the influence of bridging group of the cinnamaldehyde moieties, molecular configuration and mobility of the compounds in solution, solid state and the aggregation of molecules in monolayer assemblies.

Kanthimathi, Mookandi; Dhathathreyan, Aruna

2003-01-01

137

A novel Schiff base bearing dopamine groups with tripodal structure. Synthesis and its salen/salophen-bridged Fe/Cr(III) capped complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents the synthesis of a novel Schiff base and its complexation properties with Fe(III) and Cr(III). A Schiff base bearing dopamine (TRDPA) was synthesized using dopamine hydrochloride and 1,3,5-tris (formylphenoxymethyl)benzene in methanol media. The prepared TRDPA was then reacted with four new trinuclear Fe(III) and Cr(III) complexes involving tetradenta Schiff bases N,N-bis(salicylidene)ethylenediamine-(salenH2) or bis(salicylidene)-o-phenylenediamine-(salophenH2). The structures of these compounds were characterized through 1H NMR, 13C NMR, FT-IR, thermal analysis (TG), elemental analysis, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The complexes were also characterized as low-spin distorted octahedral Fe(III) and Cr(III) bridged by a catechol group.

Kocyigit, Ozcan

2013-02-01

138

Affinity to bovine serum albumin and anticancer activity of some new water-soluble metal Schiff base complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal Schiff-base complexes show biological activity but they are usually insoluble in water so four new water-soluble metal Schiff base complexes of Na2[M(5-SO3-1,2-salben]; (5-SO3-1,2-salben denoted N,N";-bis(5-sulphosalicyliden)-1,2-diaminobenzylamine and M = Mg, Mn, Cu, Zn) were synthesized and characterized. The formation constants of the metal complexes were determined by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. The interaction of these complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by fluorescence spectroscopy. Type of quenching, binding constants, number of binding sites and binding stoichiometries were determined by fluorescence quenching method. The results showed that the mentioned complexes strongly bound to BSA. Thermodynamic parameters indicated that hydrophobic association was the major binding force and that the interaction was entropy driven and enthalpically disfavoured. The displacement experiment showed that these complexes could bind to the subdomain IIA (site I) of albumin. Furthermore the synchronous fluorescence spectra showed that the microenvironment of the tryptophan residues was not apparently changed. Based on the Förster theory of non-radiation energy transfer, the distance between the donor (Trp residues) and the acceptor metal complexes was obtained. The growth inhibitory effect of complexes toward the K562 cancer cell line was measured.

Asadi, Mozaffar; Asadi, Zahra; Zarei, Leila; Sadi, Somaye Barzegar; Amirghofran, Zahra

2014-12-01

139

Affinity to bovine serum albumin and anticancer activity of some new water-soluble metal Schiff base complexes.  

PubMed

Metal Schiff-base complexes show biological activity but they are usually insoluble in water so four new water-soluble metal Schiff base complexes of Na2[M(5-SO3-1,2-salben]; (5-SO3-1,2-salben denoted N,N'-bis(5-sulphosalicyliden)-1,2-diaminobenzylamine and M=Mg, Mn, Cu, Zn) were synthesized and characterized. The formation constants of the metal complexes were determined by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. The interaction of these complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by fluorescence spectroscopy. Type of quenching, binding constants, number of binding sites and binding stoichiometries were determined by fluorescence quenching method. The results showed that the mentioned complexes strongly bound to BSA. Thermodynamic parameters indicated that hydrophobic association was the major binding force and that the interaction was entropy driven and enthalpically disfavoured. The displacement experiment showed that these complexes could bind to the subdomain IIA (site I) of albumin. Furthermore the synchronous fluorescence spectra showed that the microenvironment of the tryptophan residues was not apparently changed. Based on the Förster theory of non-radiation energy transfer, the distance between the donor (Trp residues) and the acceptor metal complexes was obtained. The growth inhibitory effect of complexes toward the K562 cancer cell line was measured. PMID:24996211

Asadi, Mozaffar; Asadi, Zahra; Zarei, Leila; Sadi, Somaye Barzegar; Amirghofran, Zahra

2014-12-10

140

Synthesis, structural, thermal studies and biological activity of a tridentate Schiff base ligand and their transition metal complexes.  

PubMed

Schiff base (L) ligand is prepared via condensation of pyridine-2,6-dicarboxaldehyde with -2-aminopyridine. The ligand and its metal complexes are characterized based on elemental analysis, mass, IR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance, and thermal analyses (TG, DTG and DTA). The molar conductance reveals that all the metal chelates are non-electrolytes. IR spectra shows that L ligand behaves as neutral tridentate ligand and bind to the metal ions via the two azomethine N and pyridine N. From the magnetic and solid reflectance spectra, it is found that the geometrical structures of these complexes are octahedral (Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Th(IV)) and tetrahedral (Mn(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), and UO2(II)). The thermal behaviour of these chelates shows that the hydrated complexes losses water molecules of hydration in the first step followed immediately by decomposition of the anions and ligand molecules in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, E*, ?H*, ?S* and ?G* are calculated from the DTG curves using Coats-Redfern method. The synthesized ligand, in comparison to their metal complexes also was screened for its antibacterial activity against bacterial species, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus pyogones and Fungi (Candida). The activity data shows that the metal complexes to be more potent/antibacterial than the parent Schiff base ligand against one or more bacterial species. PMID:21130026

Abd El-halim, Hanan F; Omar, M M; Mohamed, Gehad G

2011-01-01

141

Polymeric membrane sensors based on Cd(II) Schiff base complexes for selective iodide determination in environmental and medicinal samples.  

PubMed

The two cadmium chelates of schiff bases, N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane, (Cd-S(1)) and N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-3,4-diaminotoluene (Cd-S(2)), have been synthesized and explored as ionophores for preparing PVC-based membrane sensors selective to iodide(I) ion. Potentiometric investigations indicate high affinity of these receptors for iodide ion. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-based membranes of Cd-S(1) and Cd-S(2) using as hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HTAB) cation discriminator and o-nitrophenyloctyl ether (o-NPOE), dibutylphthalate (DBP), acetophenone (AP) and tributylphosphate (TBP) as plasticizing solvent mediators were prepared and investigated as iodide-selective sensors. The best performance was shown by the membrane of composition (w/w) of (Cd-S(1)) (7%):PVC (31%):DBP (60%):HTAB (2%). The sensor works well over a wide concentration range 5.3x10(-7) to 1.0x10(-2)M with Nernstian compliance (59.2mVdecade(-1) of activity) within pH range 2.5-9.0 with a response time of 11s and showed good selectivity for iodide ion over a number of anions. The sensor exhibits adequate life (3 months) with good reproducibility (S.D.+/-0.24mV) and could be used successfully for the determination of iodide content in environmental water samples and mouth wash samples. PMID:18371713

Singh, Ashok Kumar; Mehtab, Sameena

2008-01-15

142

Electrorheological fluids based on the modified aromatic polyimides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fine-dispersed particles of aromatic polyimides, modified by cobalt acetylacetonate, are synthesised. The electrorheological activity of the dispersed systems, based on mineral oil and such particles, is investigated. It is shown, that polyimides and polyamide acids are perspective to be used as dispersed phase in electrorheological compositions.

Karabko, A.; Globa, I.; Novikova, Z.; Krutko, E.; Globa, N.; Korobko, E.

2009-02-01

143

The catalytic mechanism of Fpg protein. Evidence for a Schiff base intermediate and amino terminus localization of the catalytic site.  

PubMed

Our recent structure-activity analysis of Fpg protein of Escherichia coli, using oligodeoxynucleotides containing various 8-oxopurine derivatives, has allowed us to postulate an enzyme mechanism involving protonation of 8-oxoguanine at O-6 and nucleophilic attack of the deoxyribose moiety at C-1' leading to the formation of an enzyme-substrate Schiff base intermediate (Tchou, J., Bodepudi, V., Shibutani, S., Antoshechkin, I., Miller, J., Grollman, A. P., and Johnson, F. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 15318-15324). In this paper, sodium cyanoborohydride has been used to convert the transient intermediate to a covalent enzyme-DNA complex. The location of the active site of Fpg protein is further delineated using two approaches. 1) A radiolabeled DNA substrate is used to tag the active site of Fpg protein, using sodium cyanoborohydride. The active site is mapped to the first 73 amino acid residue fragment by cyanogen bromide cleavage analysis. 2) A maltose-binding protein fusion system is used to generate amino-terminal modifications of Fpg protein to explore the role of the amino-terminal region in DNA binding and catalysis. Results support the conclusion that the active site of Fpg protein is located at or near the amino terminus. Thus, Fpg protein may act in a similar fashion as T4 endonuclease V, a DNA repair enzyme that uses its amino-terminal alpha-amino group of threonine to carry out catalysis via Schiff base formation (Dodson et al., 1993). PMID:7744806

Tchou, J; Grollman, A P

1995-05-12

144

Series of dicyanamide-interlaced assembly of zinc-Schiff-base complexes: crystal structure and photophysical and thermal studies.  

PubMed

Four new dicyanamide (dca) bridged multinuclear Zn(II)-Schiff-base complexes, {[Zn2L(1)(?1,5-dca)dca]·CH3OH}2 (1), [Zn2L(2)(?1,5-dca)dca]n (2), [Zn3L(3)2(?1,5-dca)2]n (3), and [(ZnL(4))2Zn(?1,5-dca)dca]n (4), have been synthesized using four different Schiff bases L(1)H2 = N,N(/)-bis(3-methoxysalicylidenimino)-1,3-diaminopentane, L(2)H2 = N,N'-bis(5-bromo-3-methoxysalicylidenimino)-1,3-diaminopropane, L(3)H2 = N,N'-bis(5-bromosalicylidenimino)-1,3-diaminopropane, and L(4)H2 = N,N'-bis(5-chlorosalicylidenimino)-1,3-diaminopropane and NaN(CN)2 in order to extend the metal-ligand assembly. The directional properties of linear end-to-end bridging dca ligands have resulted in different metal ion connectivities leading to unique variety of templates in each of the complexes. All the ligands and complexes have been characterized by microanalytical and spectroscopic techniques. The structures of the complexes have been conclusively determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Thermogravimetric analyses have been performed to investigate the thermal stability of the metal-organic frameworks. Finally, the photoluminescence properties of the complexes as well as their respective ligands have been investigated with a comparative approach. PMID:23113533

Maiti, Monami; Sadhukhan, Dipali; Thakurta, Santarupa; Roy, Syamantak; Pilet, Guillaume; Butcher, Ray J; Nonat, Aline; Charbonnière, Loïc J; Mitra, Samiran

2012-11-19

145

Synthesis, physical studies and uptake behavior of: copper(II) and lead(II) by Schiff base chelating resins.  

PubMed

Two new chelating resins possessing multiple functional groups capable of coordinating with several metal ions are reported. The resins were synthesized by condensing Schiff bases derived from 2-aminophenol, 2-hydroxy-5-chloroaniline and terephthaldehyde with formaldehyde in an alkaline medium. The effects of pH and contact time of the Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) in aqueous solutions on the uptake behavior of the resins were studied. The metal ion uptake behavior of the resins was investigated by the batch method. Both the uptake and the selectivity of the resins towards the investigated metal ions were related to the structure of the resins, type of the metal ion and the uptake conditions. The resins showed maximum uptake capacity for Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) at pH 10. Cu(2+) was seen to undergo preferential adsorption in separate and mixture solutions of Cu(2+) and Pb(2+). Kinetic studies for the resins using Langmiur equation were also performed. The Schiff base monomers and their formaldehyde resins were characterized by elemental analyses, FTIR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The thermal stability of the resins was studied using TGA/DTG analysis. PMID:21320794

Othman, Mohammed K; Al-Qadri, Fatima A; Al-Yusufy, Fatima A

2011-05-01

146

pH-metric and spectroscopic properties of new 4-hydroxysalicylidene-2-aminopyrimidine Schiff-base transition metal complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new complexes, cis-[WO 2(Hsap) 2], [Ru(PPh 3) 2(Hsap) 2], [Pd(Hsap)Cl(H 2O)], [Pd(PPh 3) 2(Hsap)]Cl, [Ag(Hsap)(H 2O) 2], [Ni(Hsap)(AcO)(H 2O) 2], [Ni(Hsap) 2] and [Cu(Hsap)Cl(H 2O)] are reported, where H 2sap is 4-hydroxysalicylidene-2-amino pyrimidine Schiff-base. The complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, spectroscopic (IR, NMR, UV-vis, ESR and mass) and physical techniques (conductivity, magnetic and thermal measurements). The Schiff-base H 2sap behaves as a bidentate chelate with the deprotonated 2-hydroxy and azomethine nitrogen centers with the pendant pyrimidine cyclic nitrogen functionality playing no role in coordination. The dissociation constants of H 2sap and the stability constants of the metal complexes have been determined pH-metrically at various temperatures, and the thermodynamic activation parameters (? S*, ? G*, ? H*) calculated.

Ouf, Abd El-Fatah; Ali, Mayada S.; Saad, Eman M.; Mostafa, Sahar I.

147

Synthesis, crystal structure and theoretical studies of a Schiff base 2-[4-hydroxy benzylidene]-amino naphthalene.  

PubMed

The molecular structure of a new Schiff base, 2-[4-hydroxy benzylidene]-amino naphthalene (HBAN) has been examined by HF and B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) calculations. The X-ray structure was determined in order to establish the conformation of the molecule. The compound, C17H13NO, crystallizes in the orthorhombic, P212121 space group with the cell dimension, a=6.2867(2), b=10.2108(3), c=19.2950(6) Å, ?=?=?=90° and z=4. The asymmetric unit contains a molecule of a Schiff base. A strong intermolecular OH?N and a weak CH?O hydrogen bonds stabilized the crystal structure. The vibrational spectra of HBAN have been calculated using density functional theoretical computation and compared with the experimental. The study is extended to the HOMO-LUMO analysis to calculate the energy gap (?), Ionization potential (I), Electron Affinity (A), Global Hardness (?), Chemical Potential (?) and Global Electrophilicity (w). The calculated HOMO and LUMO energy reveals that the charge transfer occurs within the molecule. PMID:25084236

Arunagiri, C; Subashini, A; Saranya, M; Thomas Muthiah, P; Thanigaimani, K; Abdul Razak, I

2015-01-25

148

Synthesis, physical studies and uptake behavior of: Copper(II) and lead(II) by Schiff base chelating resins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two new chelating resins possessing multiple functional groups capable of coordinating with several metal ions are reported. The resins were synthesized by condensing Schiff bases derived from 2-aminophenol, 2-hydroxy-5-chloroaniline and terephthaldehyde with formaldehyde in an alkaline medium. The effects of pH and contact time of the Cu 2+ and Pb 2+ in aqueous solutions on the uptake behavior of the resins were studied. The metal ion uptake behavior of the resins was investigated by the batch method. Both the uptake and the selectivity of the resins towards the investigated metal ions were related to the structure of the resins, type of the metal ion and the uptake conditions. The resins showed maximum uptake capacity for Cu 2+ and Pb 2+ at pH 10. Cu 2+ was seen to undergo preferential adsorption in separate and mixture solutions of Cu 2+ and Pb 2+. Kinetic studies for the resins using Langmiur equation were also performed. The Schiff base monomers and their formaldehyde resins were characterized by elemental analyses, FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy. The thermal stability of the resins was studied using TGA/DTG analysis.

Othman, Mohammed K.; Al-Qadri, Fatima A.; Al-Yusufy, Fatima A.

2011-05-01

149

Synthesis of metal complexes involving Schiff base ligand with methylenedioxy moiety: Spectral, thermal, XRD and antimicrobial studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal complexes of Zn(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Mn(II) Hg(II), and Ag(I) have been synthesized from Schiff base ligand, prepared by the condensation of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)aniline and 5-bromo salicylaldehyde. All the compounds have been characterized by using elemental analysis, molar conductance, FT-IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, mass spectra, powder XRD and thermal analysis (TG/DTA) technique. The elemental analysis suggests the stoichiometry to be 1:1 (metal:ligand). The FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and UV-Vis spectral data suggest that the ligand coordinate to the metal atom by imino nitrogen and phenolic oxygen as bidentate manner. Mass spectral data further support the molecular mass of the compounds and their structure. Powder XRD indicates the crystalline state and morphology of the ligand and its metal complexes. The thermal behaviors of the complexes prove the presence of lattice as well as coordinated water molecules in the complexes. Melting point supports the thermal stability of all the compounds. The in vitro antimicrobial effects of the synthesized compounds were tested against five bacterial and three fungal species by well diffusion method. Antioxidant activities have also been performed for all the compounds. Metal complexes show more biological activity than the Schiff base.

Sundararajan, M. L.; Jeyakumar, T.; Anandakumaran, J.; Karpanai Selvan, B.

2014-10-01

150

A Facile and Convenient Synthesis of some Novel Hydrazones, Schiff's Base and Pyrazoles Incorporating Thieno[2,3-b]thiophenes  

PubMed Central

A facile and convenient synthesis of some novel hydrazones, schiff’s base and pyrazoles from thieno[2,3-b]thiophene derivatives 1 have been achieved in high yields assisted by microwave and classical methods. The structures of all the title compounds have been elucidated by elemental analysis, IR, MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Generally, these findings represent a new class of sulfur and nitrogen moieties that should also be of interest as new materials. PMID:22174635

Mabkhot, Yahia Nasser; Barakat, Assem; Al-Majid, Abdullah Mohammed; Al-Othman, Zeid Abdullah; Alamary, Abdullah Saleh

2011-01-01

151

Metal based photosensitizers of tetradentate Schiff base: Promising role in anti-tumor activity through singlet oxygen generation mechanism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present investigation, a Schiff base N?1,N?3-bis[(Z)-(2-hydroxynapthyl)methylidene]benzene-1,3-dicarbodihydrazide (L1) and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized as novel photosensitizing agents for photodynamic therapy (PDT). The interaction of these complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) has been explored using absorption, thermal denaturation and viscometric studies. The experimental results revealed that Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes on binding to CT DNA imply a covalent mode, most possibly involving guanine N7 nitrogen of DNA, with an intrinsic binding constant Kb of 4.5 × 104 M-1 and 4.2 × 104 M-1, respectively. However, interestingly, the Cu(II) complex is involved in the surface binding to minor groove via phosphate backbone of DNA double helix with an intrinsic binding constant Kb of 5.7 × 104 M-1. The Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes are active in cleaving supercoiled (SC) pUC19 DNA on photoexposure to UV-visible light of 365 nm, through 1O2 generation with quantum yields of 0.28, 0.25 and 0.30, respectively. Further, these complexes are cytotoxic in A549 lung cancer cells, showing an enhancement of cytotoxicity upon light irradiation.

Pradeepa, S. M.; Bhojya Naik, H. S.; Vinay Kumar, B.; Indira Priyadarsini, K.; Barik, Atanu; Ravikumar Naik, T. R.; Prabhakara, M. C.

2013-11-01

152

Antimicrobial efficacy of phenanthrenequinone based Schiff base complexes incorporating methionine amino acid: structural elucidation and in vitro bio assay.  

PubMed

This work focuses the synthesis and characterization of few novel mixed ligand Schiff base metal complexes and their biological activities. For deriving the structural aspects, spectral techniques such as FT-IR, UV-Vis., (1)H NMR, Raman, EPR and the physicochemical characterizations including elemental analysis, molar conductance and magnetic susceptibility method have been involved. All the complexes adopt square planar geometry. DNA binding ability of these complexes has been explored using diverse techniques viz. UV-Vis. absorption, fluorescence spectroscopy, viscometry and cyclic voltammetry. These studies prove that CT-DNA binding of the complexes follows the intercalation mode. Comparative DNA oxidative cleavage ability of the complexes has been done under ultraviolet photo radiation on pUC19 DNA. In addition, the biocidal action of the complexes has been investigated against few pathogenic bacteria and fungi by disc diffusion method. Importantly, the amylase inhibition activity of Cu(II) complex has been explored. The amylase inhibition property has been found to be increased upon increasing the complex concentration. PMID:24632238

Arun, Thesingu Rajan; Raman, Natarajan

2014-06-01

153

Synthesis, spectral characterization and biological activity of zinc(II) complexes with 3-substituted phenyl-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole Schiff bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized by the reactions of zinc(II) acetate with Schiff bases derived from 3-substituted phenyl-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxyacetophenone or indoline-2,3-dione. All these complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO; low molar conductance values indicate that they are non-electrolytes. Elemental analyses suggest that the complexes have 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [ZnL(H 2O) 2], [ZnL'(OAc) 2(H 2O) 2] (L = dianionic Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone or indoline-2,3-dione; L' = neutral Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and benzaldehyde) and they were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and FAB mass. All these Schiff bases and their complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and antifungal activities against Colletotrichum falcatum, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporium and Carvularia pallescence by petriplates methods.

Singh, A. K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

154

Dielectric properties and AC conduction mechanism for 5,7-dihydroxy-6-formyl-2-methylbenzo-pyran-4-one bis-schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dielectric properties and the electrical conductivity of the tetradentate Schiff base, derived from the condensation of 5,7 dihydroxy-6- formyl-2-methylbenzo-pyran-4-one with ethylenediamine has been studied in the temperature range 300 K< T<420 K and the frequency range 0.1-20 KHz. At T>350 K, both the dielectric constant, ?', and the dielectric loss, ??, showed a decrease with increasing frequency and increasing temperature. The broad loss peak anomalies observed are attributed to intrinsic lattice dipoles in the hydrogen bonded Schiff base investigated. The discontinuity observed in the DC conductivity-temperature dependence behavior is correlated with structural changes in the network. The AC conductivity measurements as function of temperature exhibit a frequency dependent, temperature dependent behavior. Protonic conduction prevails at temperatures below 350 K. Decrease in the AC conductivity above 350 K is also indicative of structural changes within the hydrogen-bonded conjugated system. The frequency dependent-conductivity of the Schiff base is found to be proportional to ?s. Analysis of the AC conductivity experimental data obtained, and the frequency exponent s with theoretical models reveals that the correlated barrier hopping (CBH) model is the appropriate mechanism for conduction in the Schiff base system. The barrier height, Wm, between charged defect states is calculated and its value is in good agreement with the theory of hopping of charged carriers over a potential barrier.

Hassib, H.; Abdel Razik, A.

2008-09-01

155

Synthesis, crystal structure, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of a new tridentate Schiff base ligand and its nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes.  

PubMed

A new unsymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligand was derived from the 1:1M condensation of ortho-vanillin with 2-mercaptoethylamine. Nickel and palladium complexes were obtained by the reaction of the tridentate Schiff base ligand with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate and palladium(II) acetate in 2:1M ratio. In nickel and palladium complexes the ligand was coordinated to metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The S groups of Schiff bases were not coordinated to the metals and S-S coupling was occured. The complexes have been found to possess 1:2 Metal:Ligand stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The complexes exhibited octahedral coordination geometry. The emission spectra of the ligand and its complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the CH3CN solvent at the 100 mV s(-1) scan rate. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and quasi-reversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff base and its complexes have been characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, UV/Vis, elemental analyses and conductometry. The crystal structure of nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. PMID:24681321

Shafaatian, Bita; Soleymanpour, Ahmad; Kholghi Oskouei, Nasim; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, Seyyed Ahmad

2014-07-15

156

Synthesis, spectroscopic, cytotoxic aspects and computational study of N-(pyridine-2-ylmethylene)benzo[d]thiazol-2-amine Schiff base and some of its transition metal complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

N-(pyridine-2-ylmethylene)benzo[d]thiazol-2-amine Schiff base (L) and its Cu(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes were synthesized and characterized by a set of chemical and spectroscopic measurements using elemental analysis, electrical conductance, mass spectra, magnetic susceptibility and spectral techniques (IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR). Elemental and mass spectrometric data are consistent with the proposed formula. IR spectra confirm the bidentate nature of the Schiff base ligand. The octahedral geometry around Cu(II), Fe(III), Ni(II) and Zn(II) as well as tetrahedral geometry around Co(II) were suggested by UV-Vis spectra and magnetic moment data. The thermal degradation behavior of the Schiff base and its complexes was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis. The structure of the Schiff base and its transition metal complexes was also theoretically studied using molecular mechanics (MM+). The obtained structures were minimized with a semi-empirical (PM3) method. The in vitro antitumor activity of the synthesized compounds was studied. The Zn-complex exhibits significant decrease in surviving fraction of breast carcinoma (MCF 7), liver carcinoma (HEPG2), colon carcinoma (HCT116) and larynx carcinoma (HEP2) cell lines human cancer.

Abd El-Aziz, Dina M.; Etaiw, Safaa Eldin H.; Ali, Elham A.

2013-09-01

157

Self-assembly of NIR luminescent 30-metal drum-like and 12-metal rectangular d-f nanoclusters with long-chain Schiff base ligands.  

PubMed

Two classes of heterobimetallic d-f nanoclusters [Ln6Cd24(L(1))11(OAc)43(OH)] and [Ln4Zn8(L(2))2(OAc)20(OH)4] (Ln = Nd and Yb) were prepared using flexible long-chain Schiff base ligands which have (CH2)6 backbones. Their NIR luminescence properties were determined. PMID:25358081

Yang, Xiaoping; Li, Zongping; Wang, Shiqing; Huang, Shaoming; Schipper, Desmond; Jones, Richard A

2014-12-21

158

Synthesis, spectral, thermal and magnetic studies of Mn(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with some benzopyran-4-one Schiff bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff bases of N 2O 2 dibasic ligands, H 2La and H 2Lb are prepared by the condensation of ethylenediamine (a) and trimethylenediamine (b) with 6-formyl-7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-2-methylbenzopyran-4-one. Also tetra basic ligands, H 4La and H 4Lb are prepared by the condensation of aliphatic amines (a) and (b) with 6-formyl-5,7-dihydroxy-2-methylbenzopyran-4-one. New complexes of H 4La and H 4Lb with metal ions Mn(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) are synthesized, in addition Mn(II) complexes with ligands H 2La and H 2Lb are also synthesized. Elemental and thermal analyses, infrared, ultraviolet-visible as well as conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements are used to elucidate the structure of the newly prepared metal complexes. The structures of copper(II) complexes are also assigned based upon ESR spectra study. All the complexes separated with the stoichiometric ratio (1:1) (M:L) except Mn-H 4La and Mn-H 4Lb with (2:1) (M:L) molar ratio. In metal chelates of the type 1:1 (M:L), the Schiff bases behave as a dinegative N 2O 2 tetradentate ligands. Moreover in 2:1 (M:L) complexes, the Schiff base molecules act as mono negative bidentate ligand and binuclear complex is then formed. The Schiff bases were assayed by the disc diffusion method for antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The antifungal activity of the Schiff bases was also evaluated against the fungi Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans.

El-Ansary, Aida L.; Abdel-Fattah, Hussein M.; Abdel-Kader, Nora S.

2011-08-01

159

Mechanism of the Schiff base forming fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase: structural analysis of reaction intermediates.  

PubMed

The glycolytic enzyme fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBPA) catalyzes the reversible cleavage of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Catalysis of Schiff base forming class I FBPA relies on a number of intermediates covalently bound to the catalytic lysine. Using active site mutants of FBPA I from Thermoproteus tenax, we have solved the crystal structures of the enzyme covalently bound to the carbinolamine of the substrate fructose 1,6-bisphosphate and noncovalently bound to the cyclic form of the substrate. The structures, determined at a resolution of 1.9 A and refined to crystallographic R factors of 0.148 and 0.149, respectively, represent the first view of any FBPA I in these two stages of the reaction pathway and allow detailed analysis of the roles of active site residues in catalysis. The active site geometry of the Tyr146Phe FBPA variant with the carbinolamine intermediate supports the notion that in the archaeal FBPA I Tyr146 is the proton donor catalyzing the conversion between the carbinolamine and Schiff base. Our structural analysis furthermore indicates that Glu187 is the proton donor in the eukaryotic FBPA I, whereas an aspartic acid, conserved in all FBPA I enzymes, is in a perfect position to be the general base facilitating carbon-carbon cleavage. The crystal structure of the Trp144Glu, Tyr146Phe double-mutant substrate complex represents the first example where the cyclic form of beta-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate is noncovalently bound to FBPA I. The structure thus allows for the first time the catalytic mechanism of ring opening to be unraveled. PMID:15766250

Lorentzen, Esben; Siebers, Bettina; Hensel, Reinhard; Pohl, Ehmke

2005-03-22

160

Spectral characterization, cyclic voltammetry, morphology, biological activities and DNA cleaving studies of amino acid Schiff base metal(II) complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal complexes are synthesized with Schiff bases derived from o-phthalaldehyde (opa) and amino acids viz., glycine (gly) L-alanine (ala), L-phenylalanine (pal). Metal ions coordinate in a tetradentate or hexadentate manner with these N 2O 2 donor ligands, which are characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moments, IR, electronic, 1H NMR and EPR spectral studies. The elemental analysis suggests the stoichiometry to be 1:1 (metal:ligand). Based on EPR studies, spin-Hamiltonian and bonding parameters have been calculated. The g-values calculated for copper complexes at 300 K and in frozen DMSO (77 K) indicate the presence of the unpaired electron in the d orbital. The evaluated metal-ligand bonding parameters showed strong in-plane ?- and ?-bonding. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron micrography (SEM) analysis provide the crystalline nature and the morphology of the metal complexes. The cyclic voltammograms of the Cu(II)/Mn(II)/VO(II) complexes investigated in DMSO solution exhibit metal centered electroactivity in the potential range -1.5 to +1.5 V. The electrochemical data obtained for Cu(II) complexes explains the change of structural arrangement of the ligand around Cu(II) ions. The biological activity of the complexes has been tested on eight bacteria and three fungi. Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes show an increased activity in comparison to the controls. The metal complexes of opapal Schiff base were evaluated for their DNA cleaving activities with calf-thymus DNA (CT DNA) under aerobic conditions. Cu(II) and VO(II) complexes show more pronounced activity in presence of the oxidant.

Neelakantan, M. A.; Rusalraj, F.; Dharmaraja, J.; Johnsonraja, S.; Jeyakumar, T.; Sankaranarayana Pillai, M.

2008-12-01

161

Schiff base formation and recognition of amino sugars, aminoglycosides and biological polyamines by 2-formyl phenylboronic acid in aqueous solution.  

PubMed

Interactions of 2-, 3- and 4-formyl phenylboronic acids (FPBAs) with sugars, amino sugars, aminoglycosides and various poly- and monoamines have been studied by UV-vis, (1)H and (11)B NMR titrations in water at variable pH. Behavior of 2-FPBA was anomalous in several aspects. Transformation of the acid into its conjugate base was slow in NMR time scale and was accompanied by intramolecular cyclization affording the respective benzoboroxole. The equilibrium constants for imine formation (K(imine)) between 2-FPBA and simple monoamines including amino sugars were ca. 2 orders of magnitude larger than those with other isomers. Still one order of magnitude larger K(imine) values were observed for 2-FPBA with aminoglycosides (kanamycin, amikacin, gentamicin, neomycin) and polyamines (spermine, spermidine). The examination of UV-vis and (11)B NMR spectra of imines formed with 2-FPBA showed that formally neutral Schiff bases in fact were zwitterionic species containing a protonated imine group and an anionic B(OH)(3)(-) group. The enhanced stability of imines with monoamines can therefore be attributed to the electrostatic stabilization provided by the zwitterionic structure and further increased stability of imines with antibiotics and polyamines is explicable by additional stabilization of the borate anionic group by ion paring with ammonium groups not involved in Schiff base formation. Thanks to high molar absorptivity of protonated imines interaction of 2-FPBA with aminoglycosides allows detecting them spectrophotometrically in a ?M concentration range in neutral aqueous solutions in the presence of sugars, amino sugars and amino acids. PMID:22842531

Gutiérrez-Moreno, Nini J; Medrano, Felipe; Yatsimirsky, Anatoly K

2012-09-14

162

Spectral properties of a simple azine Schiff base and its sensing ability towards protic environment through hydrogen bonding interaction.  

PubMed

A simple azine linkage containing Schiff base p-N,N-diethylaminobenzaldazine (PDEAB) has been synthesized and its spectroscopic properties have been investigated using steady state absorption and fluorescence measurement. Both the absorption and emission studies indicate that the compound PDEAB forms intermolecular hydrogen bond with protic solvents. The formation of intermolecular hydrogen bond between PDEAB and protic solvents is further verified by Quantum chemical calculation using Density Functional Theory (DFT) (B3LYP/6-31++G(d,p)) and Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analysis. The non-fluorescent nature (fluorescence off) of PDEAB in aprotic environment can be switched over to a fluorescent system (fluorescence on) in presence of protic solvents and hence this molecule can be used as highly sensitive fluorosensor for protic solvent in aprotic medium like ACN or DOX. PMID:23835054

Ray, Debarati; Dalapati, Sasanka; Guchhait, Nikhil

2013-11-01

163

Preparation of soluble p-aminobenzoyl chitosan ester by Schiff's base and antibacterial activity of the derivatives.  

PubMed

Schiff's base of chitosan (BCTS) was obtained by the reaction of chitosan (CTS) and benzaldehyde. Then BCTS reacted with acyl chloride which was synthesized by p-aminobenzoic acid and thionyl chloride to get N-benzoyl-O-aminobenzoyl chitosan ester (BABCTSE), removing the groups of amino protection of BABCTSE to get the final product (ABCTSE). The structures of the derivatives were characterized by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and elemental analysis. The elemental analysis results indicated that the degrees of substitution (DS) of the products were 16.8% and 40.4%. The synthesized compounds exhibited an excellent solubility in organic solvents. TG and DTG results showed that thermal stability of the derivatives was lower than that of chitosan. In addition, the existence of two different amido in the molecular structures contributed to forming more -NH(3)(+) in the acid solution which could make the derivatives have a greater advantage in the field of bacteriostasis. PMID:21277323

Wang, Jiangtao; Wang, Hedong

2011-04-01

164

Structure and physico-chemical properties of hexadentate Schiff base zinc complexes derived from salicylaldehydes and triethylenetetramine*1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two hexadentate Schiff base zinc complexes, ZnSal 2trien and ZnVan 2trien, where Sal=salicylaldehyde, Van= o-vanillin, and trien=triethylenetetramine, have been synthesized by the reaction between salicylaldehydes, triethylenetetramine and zinc acetate. The structure of ZnSal 2trien and ZnVan 2trien were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. It was found that both ZnSal 2trien and ZnVan 2trien have a bent-shaped structure. Properties of the complexes were examined using differential scanning calorimetry, polarized optical microscopy and small angle X-ray scattering. Protonation constants of the ligands Sal 2trien and Van 2trien and stability constants of their zinc complexes were determined by potentiometric titration. Binding energies of ZnSal 2trien and ZnVan 2trien complexes were obtained by quantum chemical calculations.

Chantarasiri, Nuanphun; Ruangpornvisuti, Vithaya; Muangsin, Nongnuj; Detsen, Hussadee; Mananunsap, Thussanee; Batiya, Chureephon; Chaichit, Narongsak

2004-09-01

165

Schiff's base derivatives bearing nitroimidazole and quinoline nuclei: new class of anticancer agents and potential EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors.  

PubMed

New Schiff's base derivatives 5a-j have been synthesized by reaction between 2-phenoxyquinoline-3-carbaldehydes 3a-j and 2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)acetohydrazide 4 in presence of nickel(II) nitrate as a catalyst in ethanol under reflux in good yield (78-92%). All compounds were tested for anticancer and inhibition of EGFR. Of the compounds studied, majority of the compounds showed effective antiproliferation and inhibition of EGFR and HER-2 activities. Compound 5h showed most effective inhibition (IC50=0.12±0.05 ?M) by binding in to the active pocket of EGFR receptor with minimum binding energy (?Gb=-58.3691 kcal/mol). The binding was stabilized by two hydrogen bonds, two ?-cation and one ?-sigma interactions. Compound 5d showed most effective inhibition (IC50=0.37±0.04 ?M). PMID:24630412

Makawana, Jigar A; Sangani, Chetan B; Lin, Lin; Zhu, Hai-Liang

2014-04-01

166

Schiff's base derivatives bearing nitroimidazole moiety: new class of antibacterial, anticancer agents and potential EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors.  

PubMed

New Schiff's base derivatives 5a-5h have been synthesized by reaction between 1-(4-bromophenyl)-2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethanone 3 and various benzohydrazide 4a-4h in presence of nickel (II) nitrate as a catalyst in ethanol at room temperature in good yield (54-88%). All compounds were tested for antibacterial as well as anticancer and inhibition of EGFR. Of the compounds studied, compounds 5d, 5f and 5g in the case of antiproliferation and inhibition of EGFR as well as compounds 5b, 5c, 5e and 5h in the case of antibacterial activity were found to be most effective compounds in the series. Compound 5f shows effective inhibition (IC50=0.21±0.02 ?M) by binding in to the active pocket of EGFR receptor with minimum binding energy (?Gb=-49.4869 kcal/mol). PMID:24144854

Makawana, Jigar A; Sun, Juan; Zhu, Hai-Liang

2013-12-01

167

S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} Excited States of Gas-Phase Schiff-Base Retinal Chromophores  

SciTech Connect

Photoabsorption studies of 11-cis and all-trans Schiff-base retinal chromophore cations in the gas phase have been performed at the electrostatic ion storage ring in Aarhus. A broad absorption band due to the optically allowed excitation to the first electronically excited singlet state (S{sub 1}) is observed at around 600 nm. A second 'dark' excited state (S{sub 2}) just below 400 nm is reported for the first time. It is located {approx}1.2 eV above S{sub 1} for both chromophores. The S{sub 2} state was not visible in a solution measurement where only one highly blueshifted absorption band corresponding to the first excited state was visible. Knowledge of the position of the excited states in retinal is essential for the understanding of the fast photoisomerization in, for example, visual pigments.

Nielsen, I.B.; Lammich, L.; Andersen, L.H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2006-01-13

168

Control of biofilm formation in marine environment using some N{sub 2}O{sub 2} donor Schiff bases  

SciTech Connect

The adhesion of microorganisms onto materials surface mediated by extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) lead to an important modification of the metal-solution interface. The requirement of modern civilization with the heightened sense of environmental responsibilities and quality of life can be met by using some eco-friendly microbiocides with different spectra of activity. Some N{sub 2}O{sub 2} donor Schiff base compounds were synthesized and characterized by IR, NMR and ESR spectroscopy. These compounds were found effective in controlling the growth of biofilm of E. coli, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Thiobacillus thiooxidans on copper surface. The optimum concentration of these compounds are in the range of 1--10 ppm. Various electrochemical, microbiological and surface-analytical techniques were used to monitor the biofilm in the presence of microbiocides.

Dubey, R.S.; Dubey, R.S.; Upadhyay, S.N.; Namboodhiri, T.K.G. [Banaras Hindu Univ., Varanasi (India)

1997-08-01

169

Adsorption and inhibitive properties of a Schiff base for the corrosion control of carbon steel in saline water.  

PubMed

A Schiff base, namely N-(2-hydroxybenzylidene) thiosemicarbazide (HBTC), was investigated as inhibitor for carbon steel in saline water (SW) using electrochemical measurements such as: potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The morphology of the surfaces before and after corrosion was examined by Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). The results showed that HBTC acts as corrosion inhibitor in SW by suppressing simultaneously the cathodic and anodic processes via adsorption on the surface which followed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm; the polarization resistance (R(p)) and inhibition efficiency (IE) increased with each HBTC concentration increase. SEM/EDS analysis showed at this stage that the main product of corrosion is a non-stoichiometric amorphous Fe(3+) oxyhydroxide, consisting of a mixture of Fe(3+) oxyhydroxides, ?-FeOOH and/or ?-FeOOH, ?-FeOOH/?-FeOOH and Fe(OH)(3). PMID:22175875

Samide, Adriana; Tutunaru, Bogdan

2011-01-01

170

Cd(II) and Cu(II) complexes of polydentate Schiff base ligands: synthesis, characterization, properties and biological activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the synthesis of the Schiff base ligands, 4-[(4-bromo-phenylimino)-methyl]-benzene-1,2,3-triol (A1), 4-[(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-phenylimino)-methyl]-benzene-1,2,3-triol (A2), 3-(p-tolylimino-methyl)-benzene-1,2-diol (A3), 3-[(4-bromo-phenylimino)-methyl]-benzene-1,2-diol (A4), and 4-[(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-phenylimino)-methyl]-benzene-1,3-diol (A5), and their Cd(II) and Cu(II) metal complexes, stability constants and potentiometric studies. The structure of the ligands and their complexes was investigated using elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV–Vis, 1H and 13C NMR, mass spectra, magnetic susceptibility and conductance measurements. In the

Aysegul Golcu; Mehmet Tumer; Havva Demirelli; R. Alan Wheatley

2005-01-01

171

A novel centrosymmetric dinuclear cadmium(II) Schiff base complex with unusual bridging carboxylate: Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel centrosymmetric dinuclear Cd(II) complex [CdL (CH 3COO)] 2 ( 1) has been synthesized by the reaction of Cd(CH 3COO) 2·2H 2O with a Schiff base ligand HL [HL = ( E)-2-((pyridin-2-yl)methyleneamino)benzoic acid]. Title complex has been systematically characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, and thermal studies. Single crystal X-ray structural analysis reveals that Cd(II) centers in 1 adopt distorted monocapped octahedral geometry and held together by rare doubly ?-2, 2 carboxylato bridging which is believed to be first relating to anthranilic carboxylate. At room temperature, compound in the solid state exhibits moderate photoluminescence activities indicating its potential as promising photoactive material.

Shit, Shyamapada; Chakraborty, Joy; Samanta, Brajagopal; Pilet, Guillaume; Mitra, Samiran

2009-02-01

172

Solvent extraction of zirconium(IV) and uranium(VI) from chloride media with bidentate Schiff bases  

SciTech Connect

The systematic liquid-liquid extraction behavior of zirconium(IV) and uranium(VI) with bidentate Schiff bases (HSB) in benzene as the diluent has been studied. Quantitative extraction of zirconium(IV) has been achieved. Four consecutive extractions are, however, necessary for quantitative extraction of uranium(VI) at pH 6.0. The extracted species seem to be (Zr/sub 4/(OH)/sub 8/(H/sub 2/O)/sub 4/(HSB)/sub 6/)Cl/sub 8/ and ((UO/sub 2/)/sub 2/(OH)/sub 2/(HSB))Cl/sub 2/. The extraction efficiency is in the order: Zr/sup 4 +/ > Th/sup 4 +/ > UO/sub 2//sup 2 +/. It is possible to separate zirconium from thorium and uranium by solvent extraction with HSB. Exchange reaction technique has been employed for separation of thorium and uranium. 19 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

Panda, C.R.; Chakravortty, V.; Dash, K.C.

1985-12-01

173

Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and comparative DNA binding studies of Schiff base complexes derived from L-leucine and glyoxal.  

PubMed

The mononuclear Schiff base complexes of the type, [ML(CH(3)OH)(2)] [M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)] have been synthesized by template condensation of L-leucine and glyoxal. The complexes have been characterized on the basis of the results of the elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements and spectroscopic studies viz, FT-IR, Mass, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectra. The UV-vis and magnetic moment data revealed an octahedral geometry around Co(II), Ni(II) ion with distortion around Cu(II) ion complex confirmed by EPR data. The conductivity data show a non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Absorption and fluorescence spectroscopic studies support that all the complexes exhibit a significant binding to calf thymus DNA. PMID:21807556

Shakir, Mohammad; Shahid, Nida; Sami, Naushaba; Azam, Mohammad; Khan, Asad U

2011-11-01

174

(E)3-2-(1-(2,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)ethyldeneamino)phenyl)-2-methylquinazoline-4(3H)-one Schiff Base and Its Metal Complexes: A New Drug of Choice against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus  

PubMed Central

The 3-(2-aminophenyl) quinazolin-2-methyl-4(3H)-one and 2,4-dihydroxyacetophenone undergo condensation to afford (E)3-2-(1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyldeneamino)phenyl)-2-methylquinazoline-4(3H)-one Schiff base (DHPEAPMQ). The newly synthesized Schiff base (DHPEAPMQ) and its metal complexes were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the Gulbarga region in India. The Cu(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) complexes of Schiff base (DHPEAPMQ) showed good antimicrobial activity. So, this could be a new drug of choice. PMID:24733996

Siddappa, K.; Mane, Sunilkumar B.; Manikprabhu, Deene

2014-01-01

175

The complexes between Schiff base of gossypol with L-phenylalanine methyl ester and some monovalent cations studied by 1H NMR, ESI MS, FT-IR as well as PM5 semi-empirical methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff base of racemic gossypol with L-phenylalanine methyl ester and its complexes with H + and monovalent metal cations was synthesized and studied by FT-IR, 1H NMR spectroscopy and Electrospray Ionization mass spectrometry as well as by the PM5 semi-empirical method. The studied Schiff base exists in acetonitrile solution in the enamine-enamine tautomeric form. After the protonation, the tautomeric form changes into the imine-imine one. For this form of the Schiff base the existence of diastereoisomers was very well visible in the 1H NMR spectra. The structures of the protonated Schiff base and its 1:1 complex with K + cation as well as the respective hydrogen bonds within these structures are discussed.

Przybylski, Piotr; Brzezinski, Bogumil

2003-06-01

176

Synthesis Characterization and Biological Activity Study of New Schiff and Mannich Bases and Some Metal Complexes Derived from Isatin and Dithiooxamide  

PubMed Central

Two new Schiff and Mannich bases, namely, 1-Morpholinomethyl-3(1? -N-dithiooxamide)iminoisatin (LIH) and 1-diphenylaminomethyl-3-1?-N-dithiooxamide)iminoisatin (LIIH), were prepared from condensation reaction of new Schiff base 3-(1?-N-dithiooxamide)iminoisatin (SBH) with morpholine or diphenylamine respectively in presence of formaldehyde . The structures were characterized by IR, 1HNMR, mass spectrometry, and CHN analyses. Metal complexes of the two ligands were synthesized, and their structures were characterized by elemental analyses, atomic absorption, IR and UV-visible spectra, molar conductivity, and magnetic moment determination. All complexes showed octahedral geometries except palladium complexes which were square planar. The biological activity of the prepared compounds and some selected metal complexes was tested against three types of bacteria and against cell line of human epidermoid larynx carcinoma (Hep-2). PMID:21949661

Abdulghani, Ahlam J.; Abbas, Nada M.

2011-01-01

177

Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, potentiometric studies, cytotoxic studies and molecular docking studies of DNA binding of transition metal complexes with 1,1-diaminopropane-Schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new series of Schiff base transition metal complexes with N,N'-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-1,1-diaminopropane (H2BHBDAP) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic and magnetic measurements. Protonation constants of Schiff base and stability constants of their binary metal complexes have been determined potentiometrically in 50% DMSO-water media at 25 °C and ionic strength 0.10 M sodium perchlorate. Quantum chemical calculations were performed with semi-empirical method to find the optimum geometry of the ligand and its complexes. Additionally in silico, the Docking studies and the calculated pharmacokinetic parameters show promising futures for application of the ligand and complexes as high potency agents for DNA binding activity.

Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.; El-Sayed, Badr A.; El-Henawy, Ahmed A.; Ammar, Reda A. A.

2013-03-01

178

Zn(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) complexes of tridentate asymmetrical Schiff base ligands: Synthesis, characterization, properties and biological activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New asymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligands were synthesized using 1,2-phenylenediamine, 4-methyl-1,2-phenylenediamine, 2-hydroxy-1-napthaldehyde, 9-anthracenecarboxaldehyde. Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes were synthesised and characterized by using FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Vis, XRD, ESR, elemental analysis and fluorescence studies. The antimicrobial activity of the ligands and their metal complexes were studied against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213, S. aureus ATCC 25923, Streptococcus mutans RSHM 676, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853. The determination of the antibacterial activity was done using the broth microdilution methods. In general, it has been determined that the studied compounds have MIC values similar to Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. It has been found that Ni, Pb, Zn derivatives of HL1A and ZnL2A has lower MIC values than ampicillin for P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853 strain.

?ahin, Mustafa; Koçak, Nuriye; Erdenay, Damla; Arslan, U?ur

2013-02-01

179

Diorganotin(IV) complexes of biologically potent 4(3H)-quinazolinone derived Schiff bases: synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, DNA interaction studies and antimicrobial activity.  

PubMed

Four Schiff base ligands and their corresponding organotin(IV) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, (1)H NMR, MS and thermal studies. The Schiff bases are obtained by the condensation of 3-amino-2-methyl-4(3H)-quinazolinone with different substituted aldehydes. The elemental analysis data suggest the stoichiometry to be 1:1 ratio formation. Infrared spectral data agreed with the coordination to the central metal ion through imine nitrogen, lactam oxygen and deprotonated phenolic oxygen atoms. All the synthesized compounds have been evaluated for antimicrobial activity against selected species of microorganisms. In addition, DNA binding/cleavage capacity of the compounds was analyzed by absorption spectroscopy, viscosity measurements and gel electrophoresis methods. PMID:21741298

Prasad, Kollur Shiva; Kumar, Linganna Shiva; Chandan, Shivamallu; Jayalakshmi, Basvegowda; Revanasiddappa, Hosakere D

2011-10-15

180

Novel tandem synthesis of bis(?-NN'-tetrazolate) bridged dinuclear nickel(ii) Schiff base complex via [3 + 2] cyclo-addition at ambient condition.  

PubMed

A novel bis(?-NN'-tetrazolate) bridged centrosymmetric dinuclear nickel(ii) Schiff base complex [Ni2(L)2(PTZ)2]·2H2O·2CH3CN (HL is a tridentate Schiff base, 2-((2-(ethylamino)ethylimino)methyl)-6-methoxyphenol and HPTZ is 5-pyrazinyltetrazole) has been synthesized via [3 + 2] cyclo-addition reaction of 2-cyanopyrazine and sodium azide in presence of nickel(ii) acetate tetrahydrate and HL. The structure of the complex is confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The combination of H-bonding and C-H? interactions creates a 3(6)-hxl topological supramolecular network. The acetonitrile molecules are encapsulated as a hydrophobic guest within the 2D supramolecular network. PMID:24577138

Das, Mithun; Harms, Klaus; Chattopadhyay, Shouvik

2014-04-21

181

Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of some transition metals with Schiff base derived from 2-thiophene carboxaldehyde and aminobenzoic acid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal complexes of Schiff base derived from 2-thiophene carboxaldehyde and 2-aminobenzoic acid (HL) are reported and characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis (TGA). The ligand dissociation as well as the metal-ligand stability constants were calculated pH metrically at 25 °C and ionic strength ? = 0.1 (1 M NaCl). The complexes are found to have the formulae [M(HL) 2](X) n· yH 2O (where M = Fe(III) (X = Cl, n = 3, y = 3), Co(II) (X = Cl, n = 2, y = 1.5), Ni(II) (X = Cl, n = 2, y = 1) and UO 2(II) (X = NO 3, n = 2, y = 0)) and [M(L) 2] (where M = Cu(II) (X = Cl) and Zn(II) (X = AcO)). The molar conductance data reveal that Fe(III) and Co(II), Ni(II) and UO 2(II) chelates are ionic in nature and are of the type 3:1 and 2:1 electrolytes, respectively, while Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes are non-electrolytes. IR spectra show that HL is coordinated to the metal ions in a terdentate manner with ONS donor sites of the carboxylate O, azomethine N and thiophene S. From the magnetic and solid reflectance spectra, it is found that the geometrical structure of these complexes are octahedral. The thermal behaviour of these chelates shows that the hydrated complexes losses water molecules of hydration in the first step followed immediately by decomposition of the anions and ligand molecules in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, E*, ? H*, ? S* and ? G* are calculated from the DrTG curves using Coats-Redfern method. The synthesized ligands, in comparison to their metal complexes also were screened for their antibacterial activity against bacterial species, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus pyogones and Fungi (Candida). The activity data show that the metal complexes to be more potent/antibacterial than the parent Schiff base ligand against one or more bacterial species.

Mohamed, Gehad G.; Omar, M. M.; Hindy, Ahmed M. M.

2005-12-01

182

Axial ligand exchange of N-heterocyclic cobalt(III) Schiff base complexes: molecular structure and NMR solution dynamics.  

PubMed

The kinetic and thermodynamic ligand exchange dynamics are important considerations in the rational design of metal-based therapeutics and therefore, require detailed investigation. Co(III) Schiff base complex derivatives of bis(acetylacetone)ethylenediimine [acacen] have been found to be potent enzyme and transcription factor inhibitors. These complexes undergo solution exchange of labile axial ligands. Upon dissociation, Co(III) irreversibly interacts with specific histidine residues of a protein, and consequently alters structure and causes inhibition. To guide the rational design of next generation agents, understanding the mechanism and dynamics of the ligand exchange process is essential. To investigate the lability, pH stability, and axial ligand exchange of these complexes in the absence of proteins, the pD- and temperature-dependent axial ligand substitution dynamics of a series of N-heterocyclic [Co(acacen)(X)(2)](+) complexes [where X = 2-methylimidazole (2MeIm), 4-methylimidazole (4MeIm), ammine (NH(3)), N-methylimidazole (NMeIm), and pyridine (Py)] were characterized by NMR spectroscopy. The pD stability was shown to be closely related to the nature of the axial ligand with the following trend toward aquation: 2MeIm > NH(3) ? 4MeIm > Py > Im > NMeIm. Reaction of each [Co(III)(acacen)(X)(2)](+) derivative with 4MeIm showed formation of a mixed ligand Co(III) intermediate via a dissociative ligand exchange mechanism. The stability of the mixed ligand adduct was directly correlated to the pD-dependent stability of the starting Co(III) Schiff base with respect to [Co(acacen)(4MeIm)(2)](+). Crystal structure analysis of the [Co(acacen)(X)(2)](+) derivatives confirmed the trends in stability observed by NMR spectroscopy. Bond distances between the Co(III) and the axial nitrogen atoms were longest in the 2MeIm derivative as a result of distortion in the planar tetradentate ligand, and this was directly correlated to axial ligand lability and propensity toward exchange. PMID:23282130

Manus, Lisa M; Holbrook, Robert J; Atesin, Tulay A; Heffern, Marie C; Harney, Allison S; Eckermann, Amanda L; Meade, Thomas J

2013-01-18

183

DNA binding affinity and antioxidative activity of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with a novel hesperetin Schiff base ligand  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hesperetin Schiff base ligand (H4L) and its complexes, [H3CuL·OAc]·H2O and [H3ZnL·OAc]·2H2O, have been synthesized and characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, molar conductivity, 1H NMR, mass spectra, UV–Vis spectra and IR spectra. The binding of these two complexes and the ligand to DNA has been investigated by ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and viscosity measurements. The experiments indicate

Yong Li; Zheng-yin Yang

2009-01-01

184

New coordination compounds of some rare-earth metal complexes with sulfur and nitrogen Schiff bases and their in vitro antibacterial and antifungal properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of rare-earth metal complexes with Schiff bases have been prepared by the interactions of hydrated lanthanide(III) chloride with the sodium salts of 1-(2-thienyl)ethanone hydrazinecarbothioamide (LH) and 1-(2-thienyl)ethanonehydrazinecarboxamide (LH) in 1:3 molar ratios and characterized by their elemental analyses, molar conductance and IR, NMR (H and C) electronic and EPR spectral studies. The spectral data suggested that the complexes

Ritu Singh; Krishna Sharma; R. V. Singh

2010-01-01

185

PhysicoChemical Properties of Nickel(II) Chelates of 4Acetyl3-methyl-1-(3?-chlorophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one and Schiff Bases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ni(II) chelates of 4-acetyl-3-methyl-1-(3?-chlorophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one and its Schiff bases with o-toluidine, m-toluidine, m-chloroaniline, p-chloroaniline, ethanolamine and glycine have been prepared and characterized on the basis of their spectral, magnetic and conductivity properties. All the chelates are found to have octahedral structure. Various structural parameters have been calculated for all the chelates.

P. M. Parikh; J. R. Shah

1985-01-01

186

Silica Gel Coated with Schiff's Base: Synthesis and Application as an Adsorbent for Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, and Nickel Determination after Preconcentration by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method for the preconcentration of Cd(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Ni(II) is proposed using a minicolumn filled with silica gel modified by Schiff's base. The retained analytes on the ligand-coated silica gel were recovered with a small volume of HNO3 (nitric acid). The metal ions in the eluent were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS). Different factors, including the

Farzaneh. Shemirani; Aazam Alsadat. Mirroshandel; Masood. Salavati Niasari; Reyhaneh Rahnama Kozani

2004-01-01

187

Metal-pyrazolyl diazine interaction: Synthesis, structure and electrochemistry of binuclear transition metal(II) complexes derived from an ‘end-off’ compartmental Schiff base ligand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pyrazolyl diazine (?-NN) bridged late first row transition metal(II) complexes have been prepared by the interaction of metal(II) chlorides with an ‘end-off’ compartmental Schiff base ligand. The ligand system has a strong diazine bridging component and obtained as a condensation product between 1H-pyrazole-3,5-dicarbohydrazide and 3-acetylcoumarin in absolute ethanol. All synthesized compounds are characterized on the basis of various spectral and

Srinivasa Budagumpi; Vidyanand K. Revankar

2010-01-01

188

Synthesis, Characterization, Antimicrobial, DNA Cleavage, and In Vitro Cytotoxic Studies of Some Metal Complexes of Schiff Base Ligand Derived from Thiazole and Quinoline Moiety  

PubMed Central

A novel Schiff base ligand N-(4-phenylthiazol-2yl)-2-((2-thiaxo-1,2-dihydroquinolin-3-yl)methylene)hydrazinecarboxamide (L) obtained by the condensation of N-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)hydrazinecarboxamide with 2-thioxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbaldehyde and its newly synthesized Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis and various spectral studies like FT-IR, 1H NMR, ESI mass, UV-Visible, ESR, TGA/DTA, and powder X-ray diffraction studies. The Schiff base ligand (L) behaves as tridentate ONS donor and forms the complexes of type [ML(Cl)2] with square pyramidal geometry. The Schiff base ligand (L) and its metal complexes have been screened in vitro for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The DNA cleavage activity of ligand and its metal complexes were studied using plasmid DNA pBR322 as a target molecule by gel electrophoresis method. The brine shrimp bioassay was also carried out to study the in vitro cytotoxicity properties for the ligand and its metal complexes against Artemia salina. The results showed that the biological activities of the ligand were found to be increased on complexation. PMID:24729778

Yernale, Nagesh Gunvanthrao; Bennikallu Hire Mathada, Mruthyunjayaswamy

2014-01-01

189

Synthesis, spectral characterization and DNA binding of Schiff-base metal complexes derived from 2-amino-3-hydroxyprobanoic acid and acetylacetone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four new metal complexes derived from the reaction of Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) acetates with the Schiff-base ligand (H3L) resulted from the condensation of the amino acid 2-amino-3-hydroxyprobanoic acid (serine) and acetylacetone have been synthesized and characterized by, elemental analyses, ES-MS, IR, UV-Vis., 1H NMR, 13C NMR, ESR, thermal analyses (TGA and DTG) and magnetic measurements. The results showed that the Schiff-base ligand acts as bi-negative tridentate through the azomethine nitrogen, the deprotonated carboxylate oxygen and the enolic carbonyl oxygen. The optical band gaps measurements indicated the semi-conducting nature of these complexes. Molecular docking was used to predict the binding between the Schiff base ligand with the receptor of prostate cancer mutant H874Y. The interactions between the Cu(II) complex and calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been studied by UV spectra. The results confirm that the Cu(II) complex binds to CT-DNA in an intercalative mode.

Hosny, Nasser Mohammed; Hussien, Mostafa A.; Radwan, Fatima M.; Nawar, Nagwa

2014-11-01

190

Tetra- and hexadentate Schiff base ligands and their Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes. Synthesis, spectral, magnetic and thermal studies.  

PubMed

Tetradentate N(2)O(2), N(4) Schiff bases, 1,2-bis(4-oxopent-2-ylideneamino) benzene (BOAB), 1-(4-oxopent-2-ylideneamino-2-[(2-hydroxyphenyl)ethylideneamino] benzene (OAHAB), 7,16-bis(4-chlorobenzylidene)-6,8,15,17-tetra-methyl-7,16-dihydro -5,9,14,18-tetraza-dibenzo[a,h] cyclo tetradecene (BCBDCT), 7,16-bis(2-hydroxy-benzylidene)-6,8,15,17-tetramethyl-7,16-dihydro-5,9,14,18-tetraza-dibenzo [a,h] cyclo tetradecene (BHBDCT) and hexadentate N(4)O(2) Schiff bases, 2,4-bis {2-[1-(2-hydroxyphenyl) ethylideneamino] phenylimino}-3-(2-hydroxybenzylidene) pentane (BHAPHP), 2,4-bis {2-[1-(2-hydroxyphenyl) ethylideneamino] phenylimino}-3-(4-chlorobenzylidene) pentane (BHAPCP) were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR and mass spectra. The solid complexes of the prepared Schiff base ligands with Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions were isolated and characterized by elemental and thermal analyses, IR, electronic and ESR spectra as well as conductance and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The results showed that most complexes have octahedral geometry but few can attain the tetrahedral arrangement. The TG analyses suggest high stability for most complexes followed by thermal decomposition in different steps. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for decomposition steps in Cu(II) complexes thermograms have been calculated. PMID:22070996

Ismail, Tarek M A; Saleh, Akila A; El Ghamry, Mosad A

2012-02-01

191

Tetra- and hexadentate Schiff base ligands and their Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes. Synthesis, spectral, magnetic and thermal studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tetradentate N 2O 2, N 4 Schiff bases, 1,2-bis(4-oxopent-2-ylideneamino) benzene (BOAB), 1-(4-oxopent-2-ylideneamino-2-[(2-hydroxyphenyl)ethylideneamino] benzene (OAHAB), 7,16-bis(4-chlorobenzylidene)-6,8,15,17-tetra-methyl-7,16-dihydro -5,9,14,18-tetraza-dibenzo[a,h] cyclo tetradecene (BCBDCT), 7,16-bis(2-hydroxy-benzylidene)-6,8,15,17-tetramethyl-7,16-dihydro-5,9,14,18-tetraza-dibenzo [a,h] cyclo tetradecene (BHBDCT) and hexadentate N 4O 2 Schiff bases, 2,4-bis {2-[1-(2-hydroxyphenyl) ethylideneamino] phenylimino}-3-(2-hydroxybenzylidene) pentane (BHAPHP), 2,4-bis {2-[1-(2-hydroxyphenyl) ethylideneamino] phenylimino}-3-(4-chlorobenzylidene) pentane (BHAPCP) were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR and mass spectra. The solid complexes of the prepared Schiff base ligands with Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions were isolated and characterized by elemental and thermal analyses, IR, electronic and ESR spectra as well as conductance and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The results showed that most complexes have octahedral geometry but few can attain the tetrahedral arrangement. The TG analyses suggest high stability for most complexes followed by thermal decomposition in different steps. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for decomposition steps in Cu(II) complexes thermograms have been calculated.

Ismail, Tarek M. A.; Saleh, Akila A.; Ghamry, Mosad A. El

2012-02-01

192

Cr(III), Fe(III) and Co(III) complexes of tetradentate (ONNO) Schiff base ligands: Synthesis, characterization, properties and biological activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of metal complexes were synthesized from equimolar amounts of Schiff bases: 1,4-bis[3-(2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldimine)propyl]piperazine (bappnaf) and 1,8-bis[3-(2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldimine)- p-menthane (damnaf) with metal chlorides. All of synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, spectral (UV-vis, IR, 1H- 13C NMR, LC-MS) and thermal (TGA-DTA) methods, magnetic and conductance measurements. Schiff base complexes supposed in tetragonal geometry have the general formula [M(bappnaf or damnaf)]Cl· nH 2O, where M = Cr(III), Co(III) and n = 2, 3. But also Fe(III) complexes have octahedral geometry by the coordination of two water molecules and the formula is [Fe(bappnaf or damnaf)(H 2O) 2]Cl. The changes in the selected vibration bands in FT-IR indicate that Schiff bases behave as (ONNO) tetradentate ligands and coordinate to metal ions from two phenolic oxygen atoms and two azomethine nitrogen atoms. Conductance measurements suggest 1:1 electrolytic nature of the metal complexes. The synthesized compounds except bappnaf ligand have the antimicrobial activity against the bacteria: Escherichia coli (ATCC 11230), Yersinia enterocolitica (ATCC 1501), Bacillus magaterium (RSKK 5117), Bacillus subtilis (RSKK 244), Bacillus cereus (RSKK 863) and the fungi: Candida albicans (ATCC 10239). These results have been considerably interest in piperazine derivatives due to their significant applications in antimicrobial studies.

Keskio?lu, Eren; Gündüzalp, Ayla Balaban; Çete, Servet; Hamurcu, Fatma; Erk, Birgül

2008-08-01

193

Synthesis and evaluation of a nanoglobular dendrimer 5-aminosalicylic Acid conjugate with a hydrolyzable schiff base spacer for treating retinal degeneration.  

PubMed

Biocompatible dendrimers with well-defined nanosizes are increasingly being used as carriers for drug delivery. 5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is an FDA-approved therapeutic agent recently found effective in treating retinal degeneration of animal models. Here, a water-soluble dendrimer conjugate of 5-ASA (AGFB-ASA) was designed to treat such retinal degeneration. The drug was conjugated to a generation 2 (G2) lysine dendrimer with a silsesquioxane core (nanoglobule) by using a hydrolyzable Schiff base spacer. Incubation of nanoglobular G2 dendrimer conjugates containing a 4-formylbenzoate (FB) Schiff base spacer in pH 7.4 phosphate buffers at 37 °C gradually released 5-ASA. Drug release from the dendrimer conjugate was significantly slower than from the low molecular weight free Schiff base of 5-ASA (FB-ASA). 5-ASA release from the dendrimer conjugate was dependent on steric hindrance around the spacer. After intraperitoneal injection, the nanoglobular 5-ASA conjugate provided more effective 7-day protection against light-induced retinal degeneration at a reduced dose than free 5-ASA in Abca4(-/-)Rdh8(-/-) mice. The dendrimer 5-ASA conjugate with a degradable spacer could be a good candidate for controlled delivery of 5-ASA to the eye for treatment of retinal degeneration. PMID:24350906

Wu, Xueming; Yu, Guanping; Luo, Chengcai; Maeda, Akiko; Zhang, Ning; Sun, Da; Zhou, Zhuxian; Puntel, Anthony; Palczewski, Krzysztof; Lu, Zheng-Rong

2014-01-28

194

New ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes bearing disulfide Schiff base ligands and their applications as catalyst for some organic transformations.  

PubMed

Schiff base disulfide ligands (H2L(1-6)) were synthesized from the condensation of cystamine with salicylaldehyde(H2L(1)), 5-chlorosalicylaldehyde(H2L(2)), o-vanillin(H2L(3)), 2-hydroxyacetophenone(H2L(4)), 3-methyl-2-hydroxyacetophenone(H2L(5)), and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde(H2L(6)). H2L(1-6) reacts with the ruthenium precursor complex [RuHCl(CO)(PPh3)3] in benzene giving rise to six new ruthenium(II) complexes of general formula [Ru(CO)L(1-6)]. Characterization of the new complexes was carried out by using elemental and spectral (IR, UV-Vis, NMR ((1)H and (13)C) and Mass) techniques. An octahedral geometry was assigned for all the complexes based on the spectral data obtained. The catalytic efficiency of the new complexes in aldehyde to amide conversion in the presence of NaHCO3, N-alkylation of aniline in the presence of t-BuOK, and transfer hydrogenation of ketones in the presence of iPrOH/KOH reactions were studied. Furthermore, the effect of solvents and catalyst/substrate ratio on the catalytic aldehyde to amide conversion were also discussed. PMID:24747860

Prakash, Govindan; Viswanathamurthi, Periasamy

2014-08-14

195

Selective turn-on fluorescence for Zn(2+) and Zn(2+)+Cd(2+) metal ions by single Schiff base chemosensor.  

PubMed

Chemosensor based on Schiff base molecules (1, 2) were synthesized and demonstrated the selective fluoro/colorimetric sensing of multiple metal ions (Mn(2+), Zn(2+) and Cd(2+)) in acetonitrile-aqueous solution. Both 1 and 2 showed a highly selective naked-eye detectable colorimetric change for Mn(2+) ions at 10(-7)M. Fluorescence sensing studies of 1 and 2 exhibited a strong fluorescence enhancement (36 fold) selectively upon addition of Zn(2+) (10(-7)M, ?max=488nm). Fluorescence titration and single crystal X-ray analysis confirmed the formation of 1:1 molecular coordination complex between 1 and Zn(2+). Interestingly, a rare phenomenon of strong second turn-on fluorescence (190 fold, ?max=466nm) was observed by the addition of Cd(2+) (10(-7)M) into 1+Zn(2+) or Zn(2+) (10(-7)M) into 1+Cd(2+). Importantly both 1 and 2 exhibited different fluorescence ?max with clearly distinguishable color for both Zn(2+) and Cd(2+). PMID:25263119

Hariharan, P S; Anthony, Savarimuthu Philip

2014-10-27

196

Electroanalytical and naked eye determination of Cu(2+) ion in various environmental samples using 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol based Schiff bases.  

PubMed

Novel polydentate Schiff bases 4-(5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-ylimino)pentan-2-one (S1) and (2-(indol-3-yl)vinyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol (S2) were synthesized and explored as Cu(2+) selective polymeric membrane electrodes (PME) using different plasticizers and anionic excluders. The potentiometric data revealed that the PME having the membrane composition (S2: NaTPB: TBP: PVC as 4: 2: 58: 36 (w/w; mg)) is shown to have good results. Thus the coated graphite electrode (CGE) with the same composition as the best PME was also fabricated and investigated as Cu(2+) selective electrode. It was found that CGE showed better response characteristics than PME with respect to low detection limit (1.2×10(-8)molL(-1)), near Nernstian slope (29.8±0.4mV decade(-1) of activity), wide working concentration range (6.4×10(-8)-1.0×10(-1)molL(-1)), long shelf life (90days) and fast response time (9s). The CGE was used successfully as an indicator electrode for the potentiometric determination of Cu(2+) ion against EDTA and also used to quantify Cu(2+) ion in soil, water, medicinal plants, vegetables and edible oil samples. The Schiff base S2 is used as chemosensor for the selective determination of Cu(2+) ion. PMID:24268244

Bandi, Koteswara Rao; Singh, Ashok Kumar; Upadhyay, Anjali

2014-01-01

197

Pd(II) and Zn(II) Based Complexes with Schiff Base Ligands: Synthesis, Characterization, Luminescence, and Antibacterial and Catalytic Activities  

PubMed Central

Two new metal complexes involving Schiff base ligands, namely, [Pd(L1)2] (1) and [Zn(L2)2] (2), [HL1: 2,4-dibromo-6-((E)-(mesitylimino)methyl)phenol and HL2: 2-((E)-(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)methyl)-4,6-dibromophenol], have been solvothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR-spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both 1 and 2 are mononuclear cyclometalated complexes with square planar and tetrahedral coordination geometry, respectively. 1 and 2 display photoluminescence in the solid state at 298?K (fluorescence lifetimes ? = 5.521??s at 508?nm for 1; ? = 3.697??s at 506?nm for 2). These Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes have been screened for antibacterial activity against several bacteria strains, and the results are compared with the activity of penicillin. Moreover, the Suzuki reaction of 4-bromoanisole with phenylboronic acid by 1 has also been studied. PMID:24307886

Feng, Zhi-Qiang; Yang, Xiao-Li; Ye, Yuan-Feng

2013-01-01

198

Reductive defluorination of saturated fluorocarbons by organometallic reagents and aryl halide coordination to tungsten(II) and molybdenum(II) by chelating Schiff base ligands  

SciTech Connect

Strong organometallic nucleophiles cleave C-F bonds of fluorocarbons such as perfluorodecalin and perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) to afford complexes of the form Cp(CO)[sub 2]FeR, where R is a fluoro aromatic derivative of the perfluorocarbon, when NaCpFe(CO)[sub 2] is used as a nucleophile. Fluoride ion and [Cp(CO)[sub 2]Fe][sub 2] are also recovered in good yields. The reaction occurs at ambient temperature and reaction times vary from one to four hours depending on the substrate used. An electron transfer mechanism is proposed and radical character exists in the intermediates, as evident by hydrogen incorporation into the fluorocarbon products and rate enhancement when the reaction is run in the presence of a hydrogen radical donor. The reactivity patterns of model systems indicate hydrogen incorporation occurred early along the reaction pathway. NaRe(CO)[sub 5] and Ni(P(C[sub 2]H[sub 5])[sub 3])[sub 4] also show reactivity towards the perfluorosubstrates, but NaCpMo(CO)[sub 3] and Na[sub 2]Fe(CO)[sub 4] do not. Aryl-X (X = Cl, Br, I, OCH[sub 3]) groups coordinate to Mo(II) and W(II), through the lone pairs on the atoms, forming seven coordinate metal carbonyls, when chelating nitrogen Schiff base ligands are oxidatively added to W(CO)[sub 3](NCCH[sub 3])[sub 3] or Mo(CO)[sub 3](toluene) in THF. The major mode of reactivity of these coordination compounds is aryl halide dissociation. Competition with typical solvents as monitored by solution IR and ligand equilibrium studies give relative bond strengths. X-ray crystallography shows covalent bonding between the metal and aryl halide groups and the metal geometry is capped octahedral. The aryl halide complexes substitute CO preferentially over the aryl halide when exposed to phosphine donor ligands. Aryl-fluoride coordination was not detected, but halide bridged metal dimers were isolated instead.

Harrison, R.G.

1993-01-01

199

Synthesis, structural characterization, catalytic, thermal and electrochemical investigations of bidentate Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes.  

PubMed

In this study, we prepared the Schiff base ligand (L) and its Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes. The compounds were characterized by the analytical and spectroscopic methods. The ligand (L) behaves as a bidentate ligand and coordinates to the metal ions via the nitrogen atoms. The complexes have the mononuclear structures. The analytical and spectroscopic results indicated that the chloride ions coordinate to the metal ions. The complexes have the general formulae [M(L)(Cl)(2)] (M: Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) metal ions). Electrochemical properties were investigated as ligand and metal centres in the different solvents and at the scan rates, respectively. The thermal properties of the metal complexes were studied in the N(2) atmosphere. We investigated the improved catalytic activity of the Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes on the cyclohexane as a substrate. Obtained data showed that the best catalyst is the Cu(II) complex. The single crystal of the ligand (L) was obtained from CH(3)CN solution. There is a C-H...N H-bond linking the molecules into chains (C6)...N(2) 3.4415(18)A under symmetry operation (x+1,y,z) as well as pi-pi stacking on the outside of the "V" shape--nothing on the inside. PMID:20409747

Dolaz, Mustafa; McKee, Vickie; Uru?, Serhan; Demir, Necmettin; Sabik, Ali E; Gölcü, Ay?egül; Tümer, Mehmet

2010-07-01

200

Crystal structure of the schiff base intermediate prior to decarboxylation in the catalytic cycle of aspartate alpha-decarboxylase.  

PubMed

l-Aspartate alpha-decarboxylase (ADC), encoded by the panD gene, catalyzes the conversion of l-aspartate into beta-alanine. In the microorganisms, beta-alanine is required for the synthesis of pantothenate (vitamin B(5)), which is the precursor of 4'-phosphopantetheine and coenzyme A. We have determined the crystal structure of Helicobacter pylori ADC, a tetrameric enzyme, in two forms: the apo structure at 2.0 A resolution and the isoasparagine complex structure at 1.55 A resolution. All subunits of the tetramer are self-processed at the Gly24-Ser25 linkage, producing the smaller beta chain (residues 1-24) and the larger alpha chain (residues 25-117). Each subunit contains nine beta-strands and three alpha-helices; it is folded into the double-psi beta-barrel structure. In the apo structure, the new amino terminus of the alpha chain, Ser25, is converted into a pyruvoyl group. In the isoasparagine complex structure, the substrate analog is covalently attached to the pyruvoyl group. This structure represents the enzyme-substrate Schiff base intermediate that was proposed to form prior to the decarboxylation step in the catalytic cycle of ADC. Thus our study provides direct structural evidence for the reaction mechanism of ADC. PMID:15184017

Lee, Byung Il; Suh, Se Won

2004-06-25

201

Nickel(II)-Schiff base complex recognizing domain II of bovine and human serum albumin: Spectroscopic and docking studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been spectroscopically monitored that a mononuclear nickel(II)-Schiff base complex {[NiL]·CH3OH = NSC} exhibits greater binding affinity for bovine serum albumin (BSA) than that of its human counterpart (HSA). Moreover the modes of binding of NSC with the two serum albumins also differ significantly. Docking studies predict a relatively rare type of 'superficial binding' of NSC at domain IIB of HSA with certain mobility whereas for BSA such phenomena has not been detected. The mobile nature of NSC at domain IIB of HSA has been well correlated with the spectroscopic results. It is to be noted that thermodynamic parameters for the NSC interaction also differ for the two serum albumins. Occurrence of energy transfer between the donor (Trp of BSA and HSA) and acceptor (NSC) has been obtained by means of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). The protein stability on NSC binding has also been experimented by the GuHCl-induced protein unfolding studies. Interestingly it has been found that NSC-HSA interaction enhances the protein stability whereas NSC-BSA binding has no such impact. Such observations are indicative of the fact that the conformation of NSC is responsible in recognizing the two serum albumins and selectively enhancing protein stability.

Ray, Aurkie; Koley Seth, Banabithi; Pal, Uttam; Basu, Samita

202

Synthesis, spectroscopic, structural characterization, electrochemical and antimicrobial activity studies of the Schiff base ligand and its transition metal complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, the Schiff base ligand trans-N,N'-bis[(2,4-dichlorophenyl) methylidene] cyclohexane-1,2-diamine (L) and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) transition metal complexes were prepared and characterized by the analytical and spectroscopic methods. The 1H( 13C) NMR spectra of the ligand and its diamagnetic complexes were recorded in DMSO-d 6 solvent and obtained data confirm that the nitrogen atoms of the imine groups coordinated to the metal ions. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the DMF solvent at the 100 and 250 mV s -1 scan rates. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and irreversible processes at these scan rates. The single crystal of the ligand (L) was obtained from MeOH solution, and its crystal structure was determined by X-ray diffraction. The C-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonding interactions in the molecule were seen which increase the stability of the crystal structure. The antimicrobial activity studies of the ligand and its metal complexes were carried out by using the various bacteria and fungi.

Aslanta?, Mehmet; Kendi, Engin; Demir, Necmettin; ?abik, Ali E.; Tümer, Mehmet; Kertmen, Metin

2009-10-01

203

Conical intersections of free energy surfaces in solution: Effect of electron correlation on a protonated Schiff base in methanol solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The minimum energy conical intersection (MECI) optimization method with taking account of the dynamic electron correlation effect [T. Mori and S. Kato, Chem. Phys. Lett. 476, 97 (2009)] is extended to locate the MECI of nonequilibrium free energy surfaces in solution. A multistate electronic perturbation theory is introduced into the nonequilibrium free energy formula, which is defined as a function of solute and solvation coordinates. The analytical free energy gradient and interstate coupling vectors are derived, and are applied to locate MECIs in solution. The present method is applied to study the cis-trans photoisomerization reaction of a protonated Schiff base molecule (PSB3) in methanol (MeOH) solution. It is found that the effect of dynamic electron correlation largely lowers the energy of S1 state. We also show that the solvation effect strongly stabilizes the MECI obtained by twisting the terminal C?N bond to become accessible in MeOH solution, whereas the conical intersection is found to be unstable in gas phase. The present study indicates that both electron correlation and solvation effects are important in the photoisomerization reaction of PSB3. The effect of counterion is also examined, and seems to be rather small in solution. The structures of free energy surfaces around MECIs are also discussed.

Mori, Toshifumi; Nakano, Katsuhiro; Kato, Shigeki

2010-08-01

204

Chemistry, photophysics, and ultrafast kinetics of two structurally related Schiff bases containing the naphthalene or quinoline ring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The two structurally related Schiff bases, 2-hydroxynaphthylidene-(8-aminoquinoline) (HNAQ) and 2-hydroxynaphthylidene-1'-naphthylamine (HNAN), were studied by means of steady-state and time resolved optical spectroscopies as well as time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations. The first one, HNAQ, is stable as a keto tautomer in the ground state and in the excited state in solutions, therefore it was used as a model of a keto tautomer of HNAN which exists mainly in its enol form in the ground state at room temperature. Excited state intramolecular proton transfer in the HNAN molecule leads to a very weak (quantum yield of the order of 10-4) strongly Stokes-shifted fluorescence. The characteristic time of the proton transfer (about 30fs) was estimated from femtosecond transient absorption data supported by global analysis and deconvolution techniques. Approximately 35% of excited molecules create a photochromic form whose lifetime was beyond the time window of the experiment (2ns). The remaining ones reach the relaxed S1 state (of a lifetime of approximately 4ps), whose emission is present in the decay associated difference spectra. Some evidence for the back proton transfer from the ground state of the keto form with the characteristic time of approximately 13ps was also found. The energies and orbital characteristics of main electronic transitions in both molecules calculated by TDDFT method are also discussed.

Fita, P.; Luzina, E.; Dziembowska, T.; Radzewicz, Cz.; Grabowska, A.

2006-11-01

205

Nickel(II)-Schiff base complex recognizing domain II of bovine and human serum albumin: spectroscopic and docking studies.  

PubMed

It has been spectroscopically monitored that a mononuclear nickel(II)-Schiff base complex {[NiL]·CH(3)OH=NSC} exhibits greater binding affinity for bovine serum albumin (BSA) than that of its human counterpart (HSA). Moreover the modes of binding of NSC with the two serum albumins also differ significantly. Docking studies predict a relatively rare type of 'superficial binding' of NSC at domain IIB of HSA with certain mobility whereas for BSA such phenomena has not been detected. The mobile nature of NSC at domain IIB of HSA has been well correlated with the spectroscopic results. It is to be noted that thermodynamic parameters for the NSC interaction also differ for the two serum albumins. Occurrence of energy transfer between the donor (Trp of BSA and HSA) and acceptor (NSC) has been obtained by means of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). The protein stability on NSC binding has also been experimented by the GuHCl-induced protein unfolding studies. Interestingly it has been found that NSC-HSA interaction enhances the protein stability whereas NSC-BSA binding has no such impact. Such observations are indicative of the fact that the conformation of NSC is responsible in recognizing the two serum albumins and selectively enhancing protein stability. PMID:22446763

Ray, Aurkie; Seth, Banabithi Koley; Pal, Uttam; Basu, Samita

2012-06-15

206

Spectroscopic, electrochemical DNA binding and in vivo anti-inflammatory studies on newly synthesized Schiff bases of 4-aminophenazone.  

PubMed

4-Aminophenazone (Ap-1) Schiff bases i.e., 4-{(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzylidine) amino}phenazone (Ap-2), 4-{(2-chlorobenzylidine) amino}phenazone (Ap-3) and 4-{(4-chlorobenzylidine)amino} phenazone (Ap-4) were synthesized and characterized by different spectroscopic techniques. Interaction of these compounds with ds.DNA was investigated through UV-Visible spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry at stomach (4.7) and blood (7.4) pH under 37 °C (human body temperature). Instrumental findings were further quantified both kinetically and thermodynamically. Results obtained through these techniques inferred intercalative mode of binding of all the compounds with DNA. The binding constant data, "Kb", and free energy change, ?G, indicated comparatively greater binding affinity and more spontaneity of binding of compounds with DNA at stomach pH (4.7), respectively. However, among these compounds, Ap-4 showed comparatively greater binding at both the pH. Formation of compound-DNA complex was further confirmed through the decrease in diffusion rates after the addition of DNA. The in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of the compounds was evaluated using the carrageenan-induced hind paw edema method. The results revealed that among all the compounds, Ap-4 showed greater percentage of edema inhibition compared to standard drug. PMID:25036662

Arshad, Nasima; Ahmad, Mukhtar; Ashraf, Muhammad Zaman; Nadeem, Humaira

2014-09-01

207

Synthesis, characterization, electrochemical and biological studies on some metal(II) Schiff base complexes containing quinoxaline moiety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novel Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of Schiff base derived from quinoxaline-2,3-(1,4H)-dione and 4-aminoantipyrine (QDAAP) were synthesized. The ligand and its complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, FTIR, UV-Vis., mass and 1H NMR spectral studies. The X band ESR spectrum of the Cu(II) complex at 300 and 77 K were also recorded. Thermal studies of the ligand and its complexes show the presence of coordinated water in the Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes. The coordination behavior of QDAAP is also discussed. All the complexes are mono nuclear and tetrahedral geometry was found for Co(II) complex. For the Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes, octahedral geometry was assigned and for the Cu(II) complex, square planar geometry has been suggested. The grain size of the complexes was estimated using powder XRD. The surface morphology of the compounds was studied using SEM analysis. Electrochemical behavior of the synthesized complexes in DMF at room temperature was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The in vitro biological screening of QDAAP and its metal complexes were tested against bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The fungal species include Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans. The DNA cleavage activity of QDAAP and its complexes were also discussed.

Justin Dhanaraj, Chellaian; Johnson, Jijo

2014-01-01

208

Synthesis, Characterization, DNA Interaction, and Antitumor Activities of La (III) Complex with Schiff Base Ligand Derived from Kaempferol and Diethylenetriamine  

PubMed Central

A novel La (III) complex, [LaL(H2O)3]NO3·3H2O, with Schiff base ligand L derived from kaempferol and diethylenetriamine, has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-visible, 1H NMR, thermogravimetric analysis, and molar conductance measurements. The fluorescence spectra, circular dichroism spectra, and viscosity measurements and gel electrophoresis experiments indicated that the ligand L and La (III) complex could bind to CT-DNA presumably via intercalative mode and the La (III) complex showed a stronger ability to bind and cleave DNA than the ligand L alone. The binding constants (Kb) were evaluated from fluorescence data and the values ranged from 0.454 to 0.659 × 105 L mol?1 and 1.71 to 17.3 × 105 L mol?1 for the ligand L and La (III) complex, respectively, in the temperature range of 298–310?K. It was also found that the fluorescence quenching mechanism of EB-DNA by ligand L and La (III) complex was a static quenching process. In comparison to free ligand L, La (III) complex exhibited enhanced cytotoxic activities against tested tumor cell lines HL-60 and HepG-2, which may correlate with the enhanced DNA binding and cleaving abilities of the La (III) complex. PMID:25371657

Wang, Qin; Huang, Yu; Zhang, Jin-Sheng; Yang, Xin-Bin

2014-01-01

209

Synthesis, spectral, antitumor and antimicrobial studies on Cu(II) complexes of purine and triazole Schiff base derivatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of copper (II) complexes of Schiff bases derived from 7H-2,6-diaminopurine and 4H-3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole with 2-pyridinecarbaldehyde, salicylaldehyde, 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde have been prepared. The donor atoms and the possible geometry of the complexes were investigated by means of elemental and thermal analyses, molar conductance, magnetic moment, UV-Vis, IR, ESR and mass spectra. The ligands behaved as tetradentate, coordinating through the nitrogen atom of the azomethine group and the nearest nitrogen atom to it or oxygen atom of ?-hydroxyl group. The results of simultaneous DTA & TGA analyses of the complexes showed the final degradation product for these complexes is CuO. The spectral studies confirmed a four coordinate environment around the metal ion. The obtained results were supported by 3D molecular modeling of complexes using molecular mechanics (MM+) and semiempirical molecular orbital calculations (PM3). These complexes were also tested for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against some bacterial and fungal strains. Complex 2 was investigated for its cyctotoxic effect against human breast cancer (MCF7), liver carcinoma (HEPG2) and colon carcinoma cell lines (HCT116). This compound exhibited a moderate activity against the tested cell lines with IC50 of 10.3, 9.8 and 8.7 ?g/ml against MCF7, HCT116 and HEPG2, respectively.

Amer, Said; El-Wakiel, Nadia; El-Ghamry, Hoda

2013-10-01

210

Synthesis, spectroscopic and thermal studies of some IIB group complexes with a new N2-Schiff base ligand.  

PubMed

Synthesis, spectroscopic and thermal studies of some complexes of a new N(2)-Schiff base ligand of N(1),N(2)-bis((E)-2-methyl-3-phenylallylidene)ethane-1,2-diamine (L) with a general formula of MLX(2) (M = Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II); X = Cl(-), Br(-), I(-), SCN(-) and N(3)(-)) are described. The ligand and its complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, UV-vis spectra, FT-IR spectra, MS, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectra. The conductivity measurement as well as spectral data indicated that the complexes are non-electrolyte. (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra have been studied in DMSO-d(6) and/or CDCl(3). The thermal behavior of the complexes shows weight loss by decomposition of the anions and ligand segments in the subsequent steps. Activation thermodynamic parameters of decomposition such as E*, ?H*, ?S* and ?G* were calculated from TG curves. PMID:21733744

Montazerozohori, Morteza; Khani, Sara; Tavakol, Hosein; Hojjati, Ahmad; Kazemi, Mostafa

2011-10-15

211

Potential bioactive Schiff base compounds: Synthesis, characterization, X-ray structures, biological screenings and interaction with Salmon sperm DNA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three Schiff base compounds ofN'-substituted benzohydrazide and sulfonohydrazide derivatives: N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-4-tert-butyl- benzohydrazide (1), N'-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-tert-butylbenzohydrazide (2) and N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-4-methylbenzenesulfonohydrazide (3) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopy and single crystal analysis. The title compounds have been screened for their biological activities including, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, cytotoxic, enzymatic activities as well as interaction with SS-DNA which showed remarkable activities in each area of research. The DNA binding of the compounds 1-3 with SS-DNA has been carried out with absorption spectroscopy, which reveals the binding propensity towards SS-DNA via intercalation mode of interaction. The intercalative mode of interaction is also supported by viscometric results. The synthesized compounds were also found to be effective against alkaline phosphatase enzyme. They also show significant to good antimicrobial activity against six bacterial and five fungal strains. The MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) for antibacterial activity ranges from 1.95-500 ?g/mL. Compounds 1-3 show cytotoxic activity comparable to the control. At higher conc. (100 ?g/L) compound 3 shows 100% activity means that it has killed all brine shrimps. They were also found to be effective antioxidant of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and show almost comparable antioxidant activity to that of the standard and known antioxidant, ascorbic acid.

Sirajuddin, Muhammad; Uddin, Noor; Ali, Saqib; Tahir, Muhammad Nawaz

2013-12-01

212

Selective recognition of sulfate anions in a 95% ethanol solvent with a simple neutral salicylaldehyde dansyl hydrazine Schiff base tuned by Brønsted-Lowry acid-base reaction.  

PubMed

A new Schiff base compound, 5-(dimethylamino)-N'-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)naphthalene-1-sulfonohydrazide (R), has been synthesized, characterized, and employed as a selective fluorescence receptor for the recognition of sulfate anions. UV-vis absorption, fluorescence emission, (1)H NMR spectra and DFT calculation studies on the system have been carried out to determine the nature of the interactions between R and anions. The results reveal that the deprotonation of the phenol without the need of a strong base leads to the formation of a hydrogen-bonding complex with a -SO2-NH- group, which is responsible for the spectra changes. The deprotonation process for the selectivity recognition of sulfate can be tuned by the Brønsted-Lowry acid-base reaction in nonaqueous solutions, revealing that suitable phenolic hydroxyl acidity is the key factor for anion recognition selectivity. PMID:24667421

Wei, Gao-Ning; Zhang, Jing-Li; Jia, Cang; Fan, Wei-Zhen; Lin, Li-Rong

2014-07-15

213

Photoactive hybrids with the functionalized Schiff-base derivatives covalently bonded inorganic silica network: Sol–gel synthesis, characterization and photoluminescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three novel silica-based organic–inorganic hybrid materials containing the different Schiff-base organic compounds have been prepared through a covalent bonding self-assembly process via a sol–gel technology. The organic parts N,N?-bis(salicylidene)-1,3-propanediamine, N,N?-bis(salicylidene)-thiocarbohydrazide, and N,N?N??-tris(salicylidene)-(2-aminoethyl) amine are firstly synthesized and then functionalized by trialkoxysilyl groups through the hydrogen transfer reaction. The as-obtained silylated precursors are afterward submitted to hybridization with tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) through

Jin-Liang Liu; Shuai Xu; Bing Yan

2011-01-01

214

Spectral, electrochemical, thermal, DNA binding ability, antioxidant and antibacterial studies of novel Ru(III) Schiff base complexes.  

PubMed

Four new air stable low spin Ru(III) complexes of the type [Ru(L(1-4))(H2O)2]Cl have been synthesized, where L=dianion of the tetradentate Schiff base ligands namely N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethy-l,2-phenylendiammine (L(1)H2), N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro 1,2-phenylendiammine (L(2)H2), N,N'bis(o-vanillin)4,5-dimethy-1,2-phenylendiammine (L(3)H2) and N,N'bis(o-vanillin)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylendiammine (L(4)H2). The complexes have been fully characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, electronic spectroscopy, magnetic susceptibility and electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Elemental analyses and spectroscopic data have been showed that, the stoichiometries of complexes were 1:1 with an octahedral geometry for all the complexes. Thermal analysis measurements indicated that the complexes have good thermal stability. The redox behavior of the complexes has been investigated by the cyclic voltammetric technique. The interaction of these complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) was explored by different techniques which revealed that the complexes could bind to CT-DNA through an intercalative mode. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity of the Ru(III) complexes against superoxide and hydroxyl radicals was evaluated by using spectrophotometer methods in vitro. The experiments on antioxidant activity show that the complexes were found to possess potent antioxidant activity. Additionally, as a potential application the antibacterial activity of the complexes was assessed by testing their effect on the growth of various strains of bacteria. PMID:24508879

Abdel Aziz, Ayman A; Elbadawy, Hemmat A

2014-04-24

215

Hydrogencyanamide-bridged one-dimensional polymers built on Mn(III)-Schiff base fragments: synthesis, structure, and magnetism.  

PubMed

The ability of NCNH(-) to construct transition metal coordination polymers and to transmit magnetic coupling was investigated. By introduction of various tetradentate Schiff base ligands (L) and different solvents (S), nine NCNH(-)-bridged manganese(III) coordination complexes were obtained. Their structures can be divided into three types: I) NCNH-bridged chains built on mononuclear [Mn(III)(L)] units, [Mn(III)(L)(mu(1,3)-NCNH)](n) (L=5-Brsalen (1), 5-Clsalen (2)); II) NCNH-bridged chains built on dinuclear [Mn(III) (2)(L)(2)] units, complexes 3-8, [Mn(III) (2)(L)(2)(mu(1,3)-NCNH)]ClO(4)S (L=salen, 5-Fsalen, 5-Clsalen, 5-OCH(3)salen; S=CH(3)OH or C(2)H(5)OH); III) NCNH-bridged Mn(III) dimers linked by hydrogen bonds into a 1D polymer, {[Mn(III)(3-OCH(3)salen)(H(2)O)](2)(mu(1,3)-NCNH)}ClO(4) x 0.5 H(2)O (9, salen=N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-1,2-diaminoethane). In these complexes, the N[triple chemical bond]C--NH(-) resonance structure dominates the bonding mode of the NCNH(-) ligand adopting the mu(1,3)-bridging mode. Magnetic characterization shows that the asymmetric NCNH(-) bridge transmits antiferromagnetic interaction between Mn(III) ions and often favors the weak ferromagnetism caused by spin canting in these one-dimensional chains. However, these complexes exhibit different magnetic behaviors at low temperatures. PMID:17171734

Yuan, Mei; Zhao, Fei; Zhang, Wen; Pan, Feng; Wang, Zhe-Ming; Gao, Song

2007-01-01

216

Synthesis, mesomorphic properties and structural studies on 1,3,5-trisubstituted benzene-based star-shaped derivatives containing Schiff base ester as the peripheral arm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Six new symmetrical three-armed star-shaped liquid crystals comprising phloroglucinol (1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene) as a core center and three Schiff base ester as the mesogenic arms have been synthesized. Their molecular structures were supported by spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and two dimensional COSY, HMQC and HMBC). Each of the member differs in the length of the terminal alkyl chain (Rsbnd COOsbnd where R = C8H17, C10H21, C12H25, C14H29, C16H33, C18H37). All the star-shaped mesogens are found to be monotropic smectogens with the short chain derivative (R = C8H17) exhibits only smectic A phase. While both the smectic A and smectic C phases are common for the derivatives with C10H21sbnd C16H33 alkyl chain, the member with C18H37 shows only smectic C phase. Further investigation by X-ray diffraction confirms the smectic phase of the materials whereby two sharp reflections at 28.8 Å and 57.3 Å recorded via small angle in a ratio of 1:2 indicate unambiguously the presence of layered structure and a diffused scattering via the wide angle (4.5 Å) indicates a liquid-like order within the smectic layer. Increasing the length of terminal flexible chain has influenced remarkably the thermal and phase stability of the titled compounds. Besides, the liquid crystalline properties of all intermediary ?-brominated Schiff base ester prior joining to the benzene core were also evaluated.

Ooi, Yew-Hong; Yeap, Guan-Yeow; Takeuchi, Daisuke

2013-11-01

217

Magnetic Beads-based Bioelectrochemical Immunoassay of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

A simple, rapid, and sensitive bioelectrochemical immunoassay method based on magnetic beads (MBs) has been developed to detect polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The principle of this bioassay is based on a direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using PAH-antibody-coated MBs and horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled PAH (HRP-PAH). A magnetic process platform was used to mix and shake the samples during the immunoreactions and to separate free and unbound reagents after the liquid-phase competitive immunoreaction among PAH-antibody-coated MBs, PAH analyte, and HRP-PAH. After a complete immunoassay, the HRP tracers attached to MBs were transferred to a substrate solution containing 3, 3´, 5, 5´- tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for electrochemical detection. The voltammetric characteristics of the substrate were investigated, and the reduction peak current of TMB was used to quantify the concentration of PAH. The different parameters, including the amount of HRP-PAH conjugates, the enzyme catalytic reaction time, and the pH of the supporting electrolyte that governs the analytical performance of the immunoassay have been studied in detail and optimized. The detection limit of 50 pg mL-1 was obtained under optimum experimental conditions. The performance of this bioelectrochemical magnetic immunoassay was successfully evaluated with tap water spiked with PAHs, indicating that this convenient and sensitive technique offers great promise for decentralized environmental applications.

Lin, Ying-Ying; Liu, Guodong; Wai, Chien M.; Lin, Yuehe

2007-07-01

218

Design, characterization, teratogenicity testing, antibacterial, antifungal and DNA interaction of few high spin Fe(II) Schiff base amino acid complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, new Fe(II) Schiff base amino acid chelates derived from the condensation of o-hydroxynaphthaldehyde with L-alanine, L-phenylalanine, L-aspartic acid, L-histidine and L-arginine were synthesized and characterized via elemental, thermogravimetric analysis, molar conductance, IR, electronic, mass spectra and magnetic moment measurements. The stoichiometry and the stability constants of the complexes were determined spectrophotometrically. Correlation of all spectroscopic data suggested that Schiff bases ligands exhibited tridentate with ONO sites coordinating to the metal ions via protonated phenolic-OH, azomethine-N and carboxylate-O with the general formulae [Fe(HL)2]·nH2O. But in case of L-histidine, the ligand acts as tetradentate via deprotonated phenolic-OH, azomethine-N, carboxylate-O and N-imidazole ring ([FeL(H2O)2]·2H2O), where HL = mono anion and L = dianion of the ligand. The structure of the prepared complexes is suggested to be octahedral. The prepared complexes were tested for their teratogenicity on chick embryos and found to be safe until a concentration of 100 ?g/egg with full embryos formation. Moreover, the interaction between CT-DNA and the investigated complexes were followed by spectrophotometric and viscosity measurements. It was found that, the prepared complexes bind to DNA via classical intercalative mode and showed a different DNA activity with the sequence: nhi > nari > nali > nasi > nphali. Furthermore, the free ligands and their complexes are screened for their in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity against three types of bacteria, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus cereus and three types of anti fungal cultures, Penicillium purpurogenium, Aspergillus flavus and Trichotheium rosium in order to assess their antimicrobial potential. The results show that the metal complexes are more reactive with respect to their corresponding Schiff base amino acid ligands.

Abdel-Rahman, Laila H.; El-Khatib, Rafat M.; Nassr, Lobna A. E.; Abu-Dief, Ahmed M.; Lashin, Fakhr El-Din

2013-07-01

219

Design, characterization, teratogenicity testing, antibacterial, antifungal and DNA interaction of few high spin Fe(II) Schiff base amino acid complexes.  

PubMed

In this study, new Fe(II) Schiff base amino acid chelates derived from the condensation of o-hydroxynaphthaldehyde with L-alanine, L-phenylalanine, L-aspartic acid, L-histidine and L-arginine were synthesized and characterized via elemental, thermogravimetric analysis, molar conductance, IR, electronic, mass spectra and magnetic moment measurements. The stoichiometry and the stability constants of the complexes were determined spectrophotometrically. Correlation of all spectroscopic data suggested that Schiff bases ligands exhibited tridentate with ONO sites coordinating to the metal ions via protonated phenolic-OH, azomethine-N and carboxylate-O with the general formulae [Fe(HL)2]·nH2O. But in case of L-histidine, the ligand acts as tetradentate via deprotonated phenolic-OH, azomethine-N, carboxylate-O and N-imidazole ring ([FeL(H2O)2]·2H2O), where HL=mono anion and L=dianion of the ligand. The structure of the prepared complexes is suggested to be octahedral. The prepared complexes were tested for their teratogenicity on chick embryos and found to be safe until a concentration of 100 ?g/egg with full embryos formation. Moreover, the interaction between CT-DNA and the investigated complexes were followed by spectrophotometric and viscosity measurements. It was found that, the prepared complexes bind to DNA via classical intercalative mode and showed a different DNA activity with the sequence: nhi>nari>nali>nasi>nphali. Furthermore, the free ligands and their complexes are screened for their in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity against three types of bacteria, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus cereus and three types of anti fungal cultures, Penicillium purpurogenium, Aspergillus flavus and Trichotheium rosium in order to assess their antimicrobial potential. The results show that the metal complexes are more reactive with respect to their corresponding Schiff base amino acid ligands. PMID:23665616

Abdel-Rahman, Laila H; El-Khatib, Rafat M; Nassr, Lobna A E; Abu-Dief, Ahmed M; Lashin, Fakhr El-Din

2013-07-01

220

Cu(II) Schiff base complex as a highly efficient catalyst for the synthesis of polyhydroquinoline derivatives via Hantzsch condensation in water.  

PubMed

In the present study, Cu(II) Schiff-base complex is introduced as a highly efficient and green solid catalyst for the unsymmetrical Hantzsch condensation through a four-component coupling of various aldehydes, dimedone, ethyl acetoacetate and ammonium acetate to form polyhydroquinoline derivatives in good to excellent yields. This reaction was carried out in the presence of 1 mol% of catalysts in water at room temperature. The reusability of the catalysts was demonstrated by a five-run test. Remarkable features of this new procedure are cleaner reaction profiles, shorter reactiontimes, simple experimental and work-up procedures. PMID:23701007

Vahdat, Seyed Mohammad

2013-12-01

221

Copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with Schiff-base ligands derived from salicylaldehyde and 3-methoxysalicylaldehyde: Synthesis, crystal structures, magnetic and luminescence properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following Schiff bases were employed as ligands in synthesizing copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes: N-[(2-pyridyl)-methyl]-salicylimine (Hsalampy), N-[2-(N,N-dimethyl-amino)-ethyl]-salicylimine (Hsaldmen), and N-[(2-pyridyl)-methyl]-3-methoxy-salicylimine (Hvalampy). The first two ligands were obtained by reacting salicylaldehyde with 2-aminomethyl-pyridyne and N,N-dimethylethylene diamine, respectively, while the third one results from the condensation of 3-methoxysalicylaldehyde with 2-aminomethyl-pyridine. Four new coordination compounds were synthesized and structurally characterized: [Cu(salampy)(H2O)(ClO4)] 1, [Cu2(salampy)2(H2trim)2

Catalin Maxim; Traian D. Pasatoiu; Victor Ch. Kravtsov; Sergiu Shova; Christopher A. Muryn; Richard E. P. Winpenny; Floriana Tuna; Marius Andruh

2008-01-01

222

Keto-enol tautomerism of two structurally related Schiff bases: Direct and indirect way of creation of the excited keto tautomer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Femtosecond time-resolved absorption spectra of two structurally related, internally H-bonded Schiff bases are reported. The 2-hydroxynaphthylidene-1'-naphthylamine (HNAN) stable as an enol tautomer undergoes an ultrafast excited state intramolecular proton transfer, while the 2-hydroxynaphthylidene-(8'-aminoquinoline) (HNAQ), stable as a keto structure, reveals unusual relaxation routes after electronic excitation. In particular, the rise of the bleaching band with the characteristic time of ˜700 fs was found and attributed to a gradual population of the S 1 fluorescent state from a 'hot' excited state. The results accompanied by TDDFT calculations are used to construct the diagram of relaxation routes of an excited HNAQ molecule.

Fita, P.; Luzina, E.; Dziembowska, T.; Kope?, D.; Pi?tkowski, P.; Radzewicz, Cz.; Grabowska, A.

2005-12-01

223

Synthesis and characterizations of NiO nanoparticles via solid-state thermal decomposition of nickel(II) Schiff base complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To raise the need of new precursors in the synthesis of NiO nanoparticles, mononuclear nickel(II) Schiff base complexes, viz. Ni(salbn) and Ni(Me2-salpn), were employed as precursor in solid-state thermal decomposition. Structure, purity and morphology of these nanoparticles have been examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM analysis reveals that the synthesized nanoparticles have cubic particles with an average diameter of around 5-15 nm. This method is simple, less costly, and fast and safe for production of NiO nanoparticles in industrial applications.

Khalaji, Aliakbar Dehno; Das, Debasis

2014-08-01

224

Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, thermal studies, catalytic epoxidation and biological activity of chromium and molybdenum hexacarbonyl bound to a novel N 2O 2 Schiff base  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complexes of M(CO)6 (M=Cr and Mo) with novel Schiff base N,N?-bis(salicylidene)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L) were prepared in benzene in two different conditions: (i) under reduced pressure resulting the dicarbonyl precursors [Cr(CO)2(H2L)] and [Mo(CO)2(L)] and (ii) in air resulting the oxo complex [Cr(O)(L)] and the dioxo complex [Mo(O)2(L)]. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, mass spectrometry, and magnetic measurement.

Ayman A. Abdel Aziz

2010-01-01

225

Synthesis, Physicochemical, and Biological Properties of Nickel(II), Copper(II), and Zinc(II) Complexes of an Unsymmetrical Tetradentate Schiff Base and Their Adducts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of unsymmetrical Schiff base derived from 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde, 2,4-pentanedione and p-phenylenediamine of the general formula [M(C10H6OCH:N(C6H4)N:C(CH3)CH:C(CH3)O)], [ML], and their adducts with 2,2?-bipyridine (bipy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, conductance, room temperature magnetic susceptibility, and infrared and electronic spectral measurements. The ligand is tetradentate, coordinating via the imine N and enolic

Aderoju A. Osowole; Gabriel A. Kolawole; Obasola E. Fagade

2005-01-01

226

One-pot microwave assisted synthesis under green chemistry conditions, antioxidant screening, and cytotoxicity assessments of benzimidazole Schiff bases and pyrimido[1,2-a]benzimidazol-3(4H)-ones.  

PubMed

The synthesis of a number of benzimidazole Schiff bases 3 and 3-oxo-pyrimido[1,2-a]benzimidazoles 4 in excellent yields by a one-step sequence from the reaction of 2-aminobenzimidazole under green chemistry conditions is described. Structural assignments of the new compounds as well as complete assignment of (1)H and (13)C NMR signals have been unambiguously achieved based on the analysis of their (1)H and (13)C NMR (1D and 2D), IR, MS and elemental analysis data. To the synthesized Schiff bases the E-configuration was assigned on the basis of comparison of experimental and calculated (DFT) (13)C NMR chemical shifts. Compounds 3 and 4 were evaluated as inhibitors of lipoxygenase (LOX) and of lipid peroxidation (LPO). All the tested derivatives showed inhibition of lipid peroxidation, whereas most of them were found to have higher activation than the reference compound trolox; The Schiff bases 3e, 3h, and 3i, and the pyrimidobenzimidazoles 4a, 4e and 4f were found to be the most potent. The most potent LOX inhibitor within the subset of Schiff bases was found compound 3i, followed by 3f, whereas compounds 4a and 4g were found the most potent of the 3-oxo-pyrimido[1,2-a]benzimidazole group. Moreover, some cytotoxicity assessments were undertaken, whereupon it was found that Schiff base 3i and pyrimidobenzimidazoles 4e and 4f did not exhibit cytotoxicity at similar concentrations resembling thus the inhibitory activity of lipid peroxidation. The most cytotoxic Schiff base and pyrimidobenzimidazole were found to be 3d and 4c, respectively. PMID:21146903

Neochoritis, Constantinos G; Zarganes-Tzitzikas, Tryfon; Tsoleridis, Constantinos A; Stephanidou-Stephanatou, Julia; Kontogiorgis, Christos A; Hadjipavlou-Litina, Dimitra J; Choli-Papadopoulou, Theodora

2011-01-01

227

A Schiff Base-Derived Copper (II) Complex Is a Potent Inducer of Apoptosis in Colon Cancer Cells by Activating the Intrinsic Pathway  

PubMed Central

Metal-based drugs with extensive clinical applications hold great promise for the development of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. In the last few decades, Schiff bases and their complexes have become well known for their extensive biological potential. In the present study, we examined the antiproliferative effect of a copper (II) complex on HT-29 colon cancer cells. The Cu(BrHAP)2 Schiff base compound demonstrated a potent antiproliferative effect in HT-29 cells, with an IC50 value of 2.87??g/ml after 72?h of treatment. HT-29 cells treated with Cu (II) complexes underwent apoptosis death, as exhibited by a progressive elevation in the proportion of the G1 cell population. At a concentration of 6.25??g/ml, the Cu(BrHAP)2 compound caused significant elevation in ROS production following perturbation of mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome c release, as assessed by the measurement of fluorescence intensity in stained cells. Furthermore, the activation of caspases 3/7 and 9 was part of the Cu (II) complex-induced apoptosis, which confirmed the involvement of mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis. Meanwhile, there was no significant activation of caspase-8. Taken together, these results imply that the Cu(BrHAP)2 compound is a potential candidate for further in vivo and clinical colon cancer studies to develop novel chemotherapeutic agents derived from metal-based agents. PMID:24737979

Hajrezaie, Maryam; Paydar, Mohammadjavad; Zorofchian Moghadamtousi, Soheil; Hassandarvish, Pouya; Gwaram, Nura Suleiman; Zahedifard, Maryam; Rouhollahi, Elham; Karimian, Hamed; Looi, Chung Yeng; Ali, Hapipah Mohd; Abdul Majid, Nazia; Abdulla, Mahmood Ameen

2014-01-01

228

Electrocatalytic Proton Reduction by a Dicobalt Tetrakis-Schiff Base Macrocycle in Nonaqueous Electrolyte  

E-print Network

photosynthesis systems that use sunlight to drive the splitting of water into O2 and H2. The most common approach for each half- reaction of water splitting, the oxidation of water to O2 and reduction of H+ to H2 linked bis(cobaloxime) dimer by Gray et al.,26 pyridazine based dicobalt complexes by Peters et al.,27

Dinolfo, Peter H.

229

Palladium(II) and zinc(II) complexes of neutral [N2O2] donor Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde: synthesis, characterization, fluorescence and corrosion inhibitors of ligands.  

PubMed

Metal complexes of Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde and 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylendiamine (L1) or 4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylendiamine (L2) have been reported and characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis. The complexes are found to have the formulae [PdL1-2]Cl2 and [ZnL1-2](AcO)2·H2O. The molar conductance data reveal that Pd(II) and Zn(II) chelates are ionic in nature and are of the type 2:1 electrolytes. The spectral data are consistent with a square planar and tetrahedral geometry around Pd(II) and Zn(II), respectively, in which the ligands act as tetradentate ligands. The thermal behavior of some chelates is studied and the activation thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coats-Redfern method. The corrosion inhibition of stainless steel types 410 and 304 in 1 M HCl using the synthesized Schiff bases as inhibitors have been studied by weight loss method. The obtained data considered these ligands as efficient corrosion inhibitors. The ligands and their metal complexes exhibited considerable antibacterial activity against Staphylococcusaureus, and Escherichiacoli and antifungal activity against Candida albicans. PMID:24858346

Ali, Omyma A M

2014-11-11

230

Novel homo- and hetero-nuclear copper(II) complexes of tetradentate Schiff bases: synthesis, characterization, solvent-extraction and catalase-like activity studies.  

PubMed

Twelve homo- and hetero-nuclear copper(II) complexes of tetradentate Schiff base ligands containing N(4) donor sets have been prepared by employing several steps. The characterization and nature of bonding of the complexes have been deduced from elemental analysis, FT-IR, molar conductivity, magnetic moment measurements and thermal analysis. The three Schiff base ligands were further identified using (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra. All copper(II) complexes are 1:2 electrolytes as shown by their molar conductivities (Lambda(M)) in DMF and paramagnetic. The subnormal magnetic moment values of the di- and tri-nuclear complexes explained by a very strong anti-ferromagnetic interaction. The extraction ability of the ligands has been examined by the liquid-liquid extraction of selected transition metal (Mn(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+), Zn(2+), Pb(2+), Cd(2+), Hg(2+)) cations. The ligands show strong binding ability toward copper(II) ion. Furthermore the homo- and hetero-nuclear copper(II) complexes were each tested for their ability to catalyse the disproportionation of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of the added base imidazole. PMID:18762369

Dede, Bülent; Karipcin, Fatma; Cengiz, Mustafa

2009-04-30

231

Palladium(II) and zinc(II) complexes of neutral [N2O2] donor Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde: Synthesis, characterization, fluorescence and corrosion inhibitors of ligands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal complexes of Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde and 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylendiamine (L1) or 4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylendiamine (L2) have been reported and characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis. The complexes are found to have the formulae [PdL1-2]Cl2 and [ZnL1-2](AcO)2·H2O. The molar conductance data reveal that Pd(II) and Zn(II) chelates are ionic in nature and are of the type 2:1 electrolytes. The spectral data are consistent with a square planar and tetrahedral geometry around Pd(II) and Zn(II), respectively, in which the ligands act as tetradentate ligands. The thermal behavior of some chelates is studied and the activation thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coats-Redfern method. The corrosion inhibition of stainless steel types 410 and 304 in 1 M HCl using the synthesized Schiff bases as inhibitors have been studied by weight loss method. The obtained data considered these ligands as efficient corrosion inhibitors. The ligands and their metal complexes exhibited considerable antibacterial activity against Staphylococcusaureus, and Escherichiacoli and antifungal activity against Candida albicans.

Ali, Omyma A. M.

2014-11-01

232

Syntheses and antibacterial activity of Schiff bases from 16-isopropyl-5, 9-dimethyltetracyclo [10.2.2.0(1, 10).0(4, 9)] hexadec-15-ene-5, 14-dicarboxylic acid.  

PubMed

16-isopropyl-5, 9-dimethyltetracyclo [10.2.2.0(1, 10).0(4, 9)] hexadec-15-ene-5, 14-dicarboxylic acid (1b) was prepared from rosin through a Diels-Alder addition reaction. Then, a group of Schiff bases derived from 1b was synthesised. Their structures were characterised by IR,(1)H-NMR, MS and elemental analysis. The antibacterial activities of these newly synthesised Schiff bases were also investigated. The results show that these compounds possess antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Among them, compounds 5a, 5b and 5c, exhibit remarkable antibacterial activity against E. coli. PMID:22640571

Li, Jian; Song, Jie; Shang, Shi-Bin; Rao, Xiao-Ping; Gao, Yan-Qing

2013-04-01

233

On the aromatic character of the heterocyclic bases of DNA and RNA.  

PubMed

Studies based on ab initio optimized geometries (at B3LYP/6-311+G** and MP2/6-311+G** levels) and on experimental structures retrieved from the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) reveal that the nucleobases constituting DNA and RNA differ significantly in their aromatic character, as shown by the geometry-based index of aromaticity HOMA that ranges from 0.466 for thymine to 0.917 for adenine, based on B3LYP/6-311+G** calculations, and 0.495-0.926, respectively, if based on the MP2/6-311+G** level. Aromaticity of the bases decreases markedly with an increase of the number of double-bond C=X (X = N, O) substituents at the rings. H-bonds involving C=O groups in Watson-Crick pairs cause an increase of the aromatic character of the rings. PMID:14575493

Cyra?ski, Micha? K; Gilski, Miros?aw; Jaskólski, Mariusz; Krygowski, Tadeusz Marek

2003-10-31

234

Synthesis, characterization and catalytic oxidation of para-xylene by a manganese(III) Schiff base complex on functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs).  

PubMed

In the present study, hydroxyl functionalized manganese(III) Schiff-base; [Mn((OH)(2)-salophen)Cl] [(OH)(2)-salophen] = (N,N'-bis(4-hydroxysalicylidene)phenylene-1,2-diamine); has been covalently anchored on modified multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs); [Mn((OH)(2)-salophen)Cl]@MWNTs]. The new modified MWNTs have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron (XPS), thermal analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The results suggest that the symmetrical Schiff-base is a bivalent anion with tetradentate N(2)O(2) donors derived from the phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen. 4-Hydroxy salophen; [(OH)(2)-salophen], complex of manganese, grafted on the walls of MWNTs have been investigated as catalysts for the aerobic oxidation of para-xylene in the absence of added halogen promoters and using tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP) as the initiator at low temperatures. The major products include toluic acid, toluyl aldehyde and toluyl alcohol. The MWNTs-grafted complex did not undergo any colour change during the reaction and could be easily separated and reused many times. In contrast, the neat complex, while they were active in the first cycle, was completely destroyed during the run and changed colour. They, however, gave lower conversions compared to the grafted catalyst. PMID:20601980

Salavati-Niasari, Masoud; Davar, Fatemeh; Bazarganipour, Mehdi

2010-08-21

235

Spectral characterization of novel ternary zinc(II) complexes containing 1,10-phenanthroline and Schiff bases derived from amino acids and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of new ternary zinc(II) complexes [Zn(L 1-10)(phen)], where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and H 2L 1-10 = tridentate Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of amino acids (glycine, L-phenylalanine, L-valine, L-alanine, and L-leucine) and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates (sodium salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate and sodium 3-methoxy-salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate), have been synthesized. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectra. The IR spectra of the complexes showed large differences between ?as(COO) and ?s(COO), ? ? ( ?as(COO) - ?s(COO)) of 191-225 cm -1, indicating a monodentate coordination of the carboxylate group. Spectral data showed that in these ternary complexes the zinc atom is coordinated with the Schiff base ligand acts as a tridentate ONO moiety, coordinating to the metal through its phenolic oxygen, imine nitrogen, and carboxyl oxygen, and also with the neutral planar chelating ligand, 1,10-phenanthroline, coordinating through nitrogens.

Boghaei, Davar M.; Gharagozlou, Mehrnaz

2007-07-01

236

Spectrometric study of tautomeric and protonation equilibria of o-vanillin Schiff base derivatives and their complexes with Cu(II).  

PubMed

Electronic absorption and emission properties of a series of Schiff bases derived from 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde and 2-aminopyridine, 2,3-diaminopyridine, 2,6-diaminopyridine, or 3-aminomethylpyridine were studied in solvents of different polarities. The interconversion of the enolimine to the ketoamine tautomeric form was observed for compound 1, 6-methoxy-2-(3-pyridylmethyliminomethyl)phenol, and the corresponding equilibrium constant was estimated in several solvents. Protonation constants of all the investigated compounds were determined spectrophotometrically in the methanol/water 1/4 system. The effect of copper(II) ions on absorption and on the emission spectra of these ligands was examined in the buffered dioxane/water 1/1 system (pH 5.8). Strong complexation of Cu(II) and formation of a 1:1 complex were observed for the bis-Schiff base derived from 2,3-diaminopyridine. The complex of copper(II) with compound 1 was isolated and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurement, UV-vis and IR spectrometry. PMID:18456546

Gali?, Nives; Cimerman, Zvjezdana; Tomisi?, Vladislav

2008-12-15

237

Synthesis, spectroscopy and biological investigations of manganese(III) Schiff base complexes derived from heterocyclic ?-diketone with various primary amine and 2,2'-bipyridyl  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mixed ligand mononuclear complex [Mn(bipy)(HPMFP)(OAc)]ClO 4 was synthesized by reaction of Mn(OAc) 3·2H 2O with HPMFP and 2,2'-bipyridyl. The corresponding Schiff base complexes were prepared by condensation of [Mn(bipy)(HPMFP)(OAc)]ClO 4 with ethylenediamine, ethanolamine and glycine (where HPMFP = 1-phenyl-3methyl-4-formyl-2-pyrazolin-5one, bipy = 2,2'-bipyridyl). All the compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, conductometry measurements and 1H and 13C NMR, FT-IR, mass spectrometry. Electronic spectral and magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate square pyramidal geometry around manganese(III) ion. The thermal stabilities, activation energy E*, entropy change ? S*, enthalpy change ? H* and heat capacity of thermal degradation for these complexes were determined by TGA and DSC. The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity of four coordination compounds and ligand HPMFP were investigated. In vitro activates of Bacillus subtillis (MTCC-619), Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC-96), Escherichia coli (MTCC-722) and Klebsiella pneumonia (MTCC-109) bacteria and the fungus Candida albicans (ATCC-90028) were determined. All the compounds showed good antimicrobial activity. The antimicrobial activities increased as formation of Schiff base.

Surati, Kiran R.

2011-06-01

238

DNA interaction, antimicrobial, electrochemical and spectroscopic studies of metal(II) complexes with tridentate heterocyclic Schiff base derived from 2?-methylacetoacetanilide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Schiff base ligand (HL) was synthesized by the condensation reaction between 2'-methyleacetoacetanilide and 2-amino-3-hydroxypyridine. Its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes were prepared by the interaction of the ligand with metal(II) chloride. They were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, EPR, UV-Vis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, conductivity measurements and FAB-mass spectra. The interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been investigated by UV absorption, viscosity and cyclic voltammetry methods, and the mode of CT-DNA binding to the complexes has been explored. Furthermore, the DNA cleavage activity by the complexes was performed. It was found to be oxidative hydroxyl radical cleavage in the presence of 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA). The Schiff base and its complexes have been screened for their antibacterial ( Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and antifungal ( Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Candida albicans) activities and the data reveal that the complexes have higher activity than the free ligand.

Raman, Natarajan; Pothiraj, Krishnan; Baskaran, Thanasekaran

2011-08-01

239

Accommodation of Mn II, Mn III-N, O, O, O-donor Schiff base complexes in zeolite-Y: Synthesis, structural studies and CO adsorption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese (II)-, (III)-complexes with NO 3 Schiff base ligand (SPAB) derived from salicylaldehyde and p-aminobenzoic acid have been synthesized and immobilized in the zeolite-Y supercages by a flexible ligand method. The synthesized new host/guest materials have been characterized by various physicochemical techniques, in addition to surface area measurements and nitrogen adsorption studies. Investigation of the stereochemistry of these incorporated chelates elucidated that, Mn(II) complex is tetrahedral with involvement of zeolite oxygen in coordination meanwhile Mn(III) complex has octahedral configuration with Jahn-Teller distortion but without contribution of the lattice oxygen. The intrazeolitic Schiff base complexes are thermally stable up to ?600 °C without any decomposition. Catalytic activity towards CO adsorption for zeolite-encapsulated complexes has been investigated and compared with Mn II-Y using in situ FT-IR spectroscopy. The results pointed out that, encapsulation of manganese (II, III) complexes in zeolites enhances remarkably the selectivity towards the formation of unionized carboxyl (-COOH) species which is considered a characteristic property of the zeolite encapsulated Mn(II,III)-SPAB complexes over Mn II-Y. On the other hand, the in situ FT-IR data demonstrate that Mn II(SPAB)/Y and Mn III(SPAB)/Y can be used as reactive catalysts in water gas shift reaction (WGSR).

Ahmed, Ayman H.; El-Bahy, Zeinhom M.; Salama, Tarek M.

2010-04-01

240

Synthesis, Characterization, Antimicrobial, DNA Cleavage, and Antioxidant Studies of Some Metal Complexes Derived from Schiff Base Containing Indole and Quinoline Moieties  

PubMed Central

A new Schiff base of 5-chloro-3-phenyl-1H-indole-2-carboxyhydrazide and 3-formyl-2-hydroxy-1H-quinoline (HL), and its Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized in the light of microanalytical, IR, H1 NMR, UV-Vis, FAB-mass, ESR, XRD, and TGA spectral studies. The magnetic susceptibility measurements and low conductivity data provide evidence for monomeric and neutral nature of the complexes. On the basis of spectral studies and analytical data, it is evident that the Schiff base acts as tridentate ligand. The Cu(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) complexes were octahedral, whereas Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) complexes were tetrahedral in nature. The redox behavior of the Cu(II) complex was investigated by electrochemical method using cyclic voltammetry. In order to evaluate the effect of metal ions upon chelation, both the ligand and its metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The DNA cleavage experiment performed using agarose gel electrophoresis method showed the cleavage of DNA by all the metal complexes. The free radical scavenging activity of newly synthesized compounds has been determined at a different concentration range by means of their interaction with the stable free radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). PMID:24194692

Karekal, Mahendra Raj; Biradar, Vivekanand; Bennikallu Hire Mathada, Mruthyunjayaswamy

2013-01-01

241

[Mn(III)(Schiff base)]?[Re(IV)(CN)?], highly anisotropic 3D coordination framework: synthesis, crystal structure, magnetic investigations, and theoretical analysis.  

PubMed

A new highly anisotropic coordination heterobimetallic polymer [Mn(III)(Schiff-base)]3[Re(IV)(CN)7] was synthesized and characterized structurally and magnetically. The single crystal X-ray analysis has revealed that this is the first framework among the complexes composed of homoleptic cyanometallate and Mn(III) complex of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand. A formation of 3D assembly is possible due to both the pentagonal bipyrimidal geometry of the cyanometallate unit and suitable size of constituents: [Re(CN)7](3-) and [Mn(III)(acacen)](+), where acacen = N,N'-ethylenebis(acetylacetoneiminato). The powder and crystal magnetic studies show that the compound undergoes an antiferromagnetic ordering of a complicated character below Neel temperature of 13 K, and exhibits a metamagnetic behavior and strong magnetic anisotropy similar to those observed in related 3D Mn(II)-[Mo(CN)7](4-) systems. Unusual magnetic properties of [Mn(III)(acacen)]3[Re(IV)(CN)7] (1) originate from an interplay of Re-Mn anisotropic spin coupling and ZFS effect of Mn(III) ions with a noncollinear orientation of the local magnetic axes in the cyano-bridged 3D network. A theoretical model of anisotropic spin coupling between orbitally degenerate [Re(IV)(CN)7](3-) complexes and Mn(III) ions is developed, and specific microscopic mechanisms of highly anisotropic spin coupling in Re(IV)-CN-Mn(III) linkages in complex 1 are analyzed in detail. PMID:25250555

Samsonenko, Denis G; Paulsen, Carley; Lhotel, Elsa; Mironov, Vladimir S; Vostrikova, Kira E

2014-10-01

242

Distinguishable Zn(II) and Pb(II) template effects on forming pendant-armed Schiff-base macrocyclic complexes including a remarkable Pb(II)-? macrocyclic complex.  

PubMed

36-Membered [2 + 2] half-fold Schiff-base macrocyclic dinuclear Zn(II) complexes (1a and 1b) and 18-membered [1 + 1] Schiff-base macrocyclic mononuclear Pb(II) complexes (2 and 3) are produced from the condensation between 1,3-propanediamine and a pair of extended dialdehydes with different functional pendant arms (H2hpdd and H2pdd) because of the distinguishable cationic template effects. It is very interesting to mention that a unique intramolecular Pb(II)-? macrocyclic complex 2 with an uncommon ?(3)-coordination type is achieved under ambient conditions and it can remain stable both in the solid state and in solution. The subtle variations of pendant-arms in the macrocyclic ligands H2hpdd and H2pdd yield different Pb(II) complexes, where the competition between Pb(II)-? and Pb(II)-NO3(-) electrostatic interactions as well as the combination of steric and electronic effects of pendant arms are believed to play important roles. PMID:25188754

Zhang, Kun; Geng, Jiao; Jin, Chao; Huang, Wei

2014-11-01

243

Schiff base-chitosan grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes as a novel solid-phase extraction adsorbent for determination of heavy metal by ICP-MS.  

PubMed

A novel Schiff base-chitosan-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes (S-CS-MWCNTs) solid-phase extraction adsorbent was synthesized by covalently grafting a Schiff base-chitosan (S-CS) onto the surfaces of oxidized MWCNTs. The adsorbent was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis. The results showed that S-CS was successfully grafted onto the surfaces of MWCNTs. A method was developed for the determination of heavy metals, namely V(V), Cr(VI), Cu(II), As(V) and Pb(II) in biological and environmental samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry coupled with preconcentration with S-CS-MWCNTs. The parameters influencing preconcentration of target ions, such as the pH of the sample solution, the flow rate of sample loading, the eluent concentration, and eluent volume, were investigated and optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the enrichment factors of V(V), Cr(VI), Cu(II), As(V), and Pb(II) reached 111, 95, 60, 52, and 128, respectively, and the detection limits were as low as 1.3-3.8 ng L(-1). The developed method was successfully applied to the determination of trace-metal ions in herring, spinach, river water, and tap water with good recoveries ranging from 91.0% to 105.0%. PMID:22497719

Dai, Bingye; Cao, Meirong; Fang, Guozhen; Liu, Bing; Dong, Xv; Pan, Mingfei; Wang, Shuo

2012-06-15

244

Synthesis, crystal structure and interaction of L-valine Schiff base divanadium(V) complex containing a V2O3 core with DNA and BSA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A divanadium(V) complex, [V2O3(o-van-val)2] (o-van-val = Schiff base derived from o-vanillin and L-valine), has been synthesized and structurally characterized. The crystal structure shows that both of the vanadium centers in the complex have a distorted octahedral coordination environment composed of tridentate Schiff base ligand. A V2O3 core in molecular structure adopts intermediate between cis and trans configuration with the O1dbnd V1⋯V1Adbnd O1A torsion angle 115.22 (28)° and the V1⋯V1A distance 3.455 Å. The binding properties of the complex with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been investigated by UV-vis absorption, fluorescence, CD spectra and viscosity measurement. The results indicate that the complex binds to CT-DNA in non-classical intercalative mode. Meanwhile, the interaction of the complex with bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been studied by UV-vis absorption, fluorescence and CD spectra. Results indicated that the complex can markedly quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA via a static quenching process, and cause its conformational change. The calculated apparent binding constant Kb was 1.05 × 106 M-1 and the binding site number n was 1.18.

Guo, Qiong; Li, Lianzhi; Dong, Jianfang; Liu, Hongyan; Xu, Tao; Li, Jinghong

2013-04-01

245

Structural, spectral and biological studies of binuclear tetradentate metal complexes of N 3O Schiff base ligand synthesized from 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and diethylenetriamine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The binuclear Schiff base, H 2L, ligand was synthesized by reaction of 4,6-diacetylresorcinol with diethylenetriamine in the molar ratio 1:2. The coordination behavior of the H 2L towards Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Fe(III), Cr(III), VO(IV) and UO 2(VI) ions has been investigated. The elemental analyses, magnetic moments, thermal studies and IR, electronic, 1H NMR, ESR and mass spectra were used to characterize the isolated ligand and its metal complexes. The ligand acts as dibasic with two N 3O-tetradentate sites and can coordinate with two metal ions to form binuclear complexes. The bonding sites are the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine and amine groups and the oxygen atoms of the phenolic groups. The metal complexes exhibit either square planar, tetrahedral, square pyramid or octahedral structures. The Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes were tested against four pathogenic bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes) as Gram-positive bacteria, and ( Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pseudomonas phaseolicola) as Gram-negative bacteria and two pathogenic fungi ( Fusarium oxysporum and Aspergillus fumigatus) to assess their antimicrobial properties. Most of the complexes exhibit mild antibacterial and antifungal activities against these organisms.

Emara, Adel A. A.

2010-09-01

246

Spectroscopic and biological activities studies of bivalent transition metal complexes of Schiff bases derived from condensation of 1,4-phenylenediamine and benzopyrone derivatives.  

PubMed

Many tools of analysis such as elemental analyses, infrared, ultraviolet-visible, electron spin resonance (ESR) and thermal analysis, as well as conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements were used to elucidate the structures of the newly prepared Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with Schiff bases derived from the condensation of 1,4-phenylenediamine with 6-formyl-7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-2-methylbenzo-pyran-4-one (H2L) or 5,7-dihydroxy-6-formyl-2-methylbenzopyran-4-one (H4L). The data showed that all formed complexes are 1:1 or 2:2 (M:L) and non-electrolyte chelates. The Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes of the two Schiff bases were screened for antibacterial activities by the disk diffusion method. The antibacterial activity was screened using Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus capitis but the antifungal activity was examined by using Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans. The Results showed that the tested complexes have antibacterial, except CuH4L, but not antifungal activities. PMID:24025671

Sherif, Omaima E; Abdel-Kader, Nora S

2014-01-01

247

Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activities of mixed ligand transition metal complexes with isatin monohydrazone Schiff base ligands and heterocyclic nitrogen base.  

PubMed

Mixed ligand complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with various uninegative tridentate ligands derived from isatin monohydrazone with 2-hydroxynapthaldehyde/substituted salicylaldehyde and heterocyclic nitrogen base 8-hydroxyquinoline have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, conductometric studies, magnetic susceptibility and spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-VIS, NMR, mass and ESR). On the basis of these characterizations, it was revealed that Schiff base ligands existed as monobasic tridentate ONO bonded to metal ion through oxygen of carbonyl group, azomethine nitrogen and deprotonated hydroxyl oxygen and heterocyclic nitrogen base 8-hydroxyquinoline existed as monobasic bidentate ON bonded through oxygen of hydroxyl group and nitrogen of quinoline ring with octahedral or distorted octahedral geometry around metal ion. All the compounds have been tested in vitro against various pathogenic Gram positive bacteria, Gram negative bacteria and fungi using different concentrations (25, 50, 100, 200 ?g/mL) of ligands and their complexes. Comparative study of antimicrobial activity of ligands, and their mixed complexes indicated that complexes exhibit enhanced activity as compared to free ligands and copper(II) Cu(LIV)(Q)?H2O complex was found to be most potent antimicrobial agent. PMID:25129626

Devi, Jai; Batra, Nisha

2015-01-25

248

Solid-contact ion-selective electrodes for aromatic cations based on ?-coordinating soft carriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) based on ?-coordinating carriers were prepared and investigated as potentiometric sensors for aromatic cations, using N-methylpyridinium as a model aromatic cation. Derivatives of tetraphenylborate were studied as charged carriers in plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) membranes. Furthermore, neutral compounds containing ?-coordinating anthryl groups were studied as neutral carriers. Bis(2-ethylhexyl)sebacate (DOS) and 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether (o-NPOE) were used as non-polar

Johan Bobacka; Terhi Alaviuhkola; Vesa Hietapelto; Heli Koskinen; Andrzej Lewenstam; Markku Lämsä; Jouni Pursiainen; Ari Ivaska

2002-01-01

249

Synthesis, spectral and antimicrobial activity of Zn(II) complexes with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde/2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized by reacting zinc acetate with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/benzaldehyde/indoline-2,3-dione. All these complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO; low molar conductance values indicate that they are non electrolytes. Elemental analyses suggest that the complexes have 1:2 metal to ligands stoichiometry of the types [ZnL2(H2O)2](L = monoanionic Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione) [ZnL2?(OOCCH3)2(H2O)2](L? = neutral Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde), and they were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR. Particle sizes of synthesized compounds were measured with dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyser which indicates that particle diameter are of the range ca. 100-200 nm. All these Schiff bases and their complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial (Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Escherichia coli (E. coli) and antifungal activities (Colletotrichum falcatum (C. falcatum), Aspergillus niger (A. niger), Fusarium oxysporium (F. oxysporium) Curvularia pallescence (C. pallescence). The antimicrobial activities have shown that upon complexation the activity increases.

Singh, Ajay K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

2013-09-01

250

Synthesis, spectroscopic and biological activities studies of acyclic and macrocyclic mono and binuclear metal complexes containing a hard-soft Schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mono- and bi-nuclear acyclic and macrocyclic complexes with hard-soft Schiff base, H2L, ligand derived from the reaction of 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and thiocabohydrazide, in the molar ratio 1:2 have been prepared. The H2L ligand reacts with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Mn(II) and UO2(VI) nitrates, VO(IV) sulfate and Ru(III) chloride to get acyclic binuclear complexes except for VO(IV) and Ru(III) which gave acyclic mono-nuclear complexes. Reaction of the acyclic mono-nuclear VO(IV) and Ru(III) complexes with 4,6-diacetylresorcinol afforded the corresponding macrocyclic mono-nuclear VO(IV) and Ru(IIII) complexes. Template reactions of the 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and thiocarbohydrazide with either VO(IV) or Ru(III) salts afforded the macrocyclic binuclear VO(IV) and Ru(III) complexes. The Schiff base, H2L, ligand acts as dibasic with two NSO-tridentate sites and can coordinate with two metal ions to form binuclear complexes after the deprotonation of the hydrogen atoms of the phenolic groups in all the complexes, except in the case of the acyclic mononuclear Ru(III) and VO(IV) complexes, where the Schiff base behaves as neutral tetradentate chelate with N2S2 donor atoms. The ligands and the metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis 1H-NMR, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and ESR, as well as the measurements of conductivity and magnetic moments at room temperature. Electronic spectra and magnetic moments of the complexes indicate the geometries of the metal centers are either tetrahedral, square planar or octahedral. Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were calculated using Coats-Redfern equation, for the different thermal decomposition steps of the complexes. The ligands and the metal complexes were screened for their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria, and Pseudomonas fluorescens as Gram-negative bacteria in addition to Fusarium oxysporum fungus. Most of the complexes exhibit mild antibacterial and antifungal activities against these organisms.

Abou-Hussein, Azza A. A.; Linert, Wolfgang

251

Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial evaluation of some new schiff, mannich and acetylenic mannich bases incorporating a 1,2,4-triazole nucleus.  

PubMed

A series of Schiff and Mannich bases derived from 4-amino-5-(3-fluoro-phenyl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione were synthesized. The alkylation of 4-phenyl-5-(3-fluorophenyl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione with propargyl bromide afforded the corresponding thiopropargylated derivative which upon treatment with the appropriate secondary amines in the presence of CuCl2 furnished the desired acetylenic Mannich bases. The synthesized compounds were characterized on the basis of their spectral (IR, 1H- and 13C-NMR) data and evaluated for their biological activities. Some of the compounds were found to exhibit significant antimicrobial activity. PMID:25412038

Aouad, Mohamed R

2014-01-01

252

Probing the role of aromaticity in the design of dipeptide based nanostructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Self-assembly of peptide into nanostructures is believed to be stabilized primarily by aromatic interactions. Using a minimalistic approach, we probed the importance of aromatic interactions in the self-assembly of simple model dipeptides. Our results suggest that aromaticity may not be absolutely essential for self-assembly, even though it tends to provide directionality to the assembly. We found that peptides containing cyclic/linear side chain hydrophobic residues were also capable of forming stable self-assemblies that are stabilized by hydrophobic interactions. Our observations will find relevance in the design of small peptide based nanoparticles.Self-assembly of peptide into nanostructures is believed to be stabilized primarily by aromatic interactions. Using a minimalistic approach, we probed the importance of aromatic interactions in the self-assembly of simple model dipeptides. Our results suggest that aromaticity may not be absolutely essential for self-assembly, even though it tends to provide directionality to the assembly. We found that peptides containing cyclic/linear side chain hydrophobic residues were also capable of forming stable self-assemblies that are stabilized by hydrophobic interactions. Our observations will find relevance in the design of small peptide based nanoparticles. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Details of experimental observations. See DOI: 10.1039/c0nr00691b

Mishra, Aseem; Chauhan, Virander Singh

2011-03-01

253

A cyclic voltammetry investigation of the complex formation between Cu 2+ and some Schiff bases in binary acetonitrile/dimethylformamide mixtures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The complex formation between Cu 2+ ions and some Schiff base ligands was studied in binary solvent mixtures of acetonitrile (AN)/dimethylformamide (DMF) systems at 25 °C using the cyclic voltammetric technique. The stoichiometry and stability of the complexes were determined by monitoring the shift in the half-wave potential of the CV peaks of the copper against the ligands concentration. The stoichiometry of all the complexes was found to be 1:1 and the complexation constants increased with decreasing amounts of dimethylformamide in these binary systems. In all cases, the variation of the stability constant with composition of the solvents was monotonic and showed good correlation with the inherent solvation ability of the neat solvents which form the mixture.

Rahimi-Nasrabadi, M.; Ganjali, M. R.; Gholivand, M. B.; Ahmadi, F.; Norouzi, P.; Salavati-Niasari, M.

2008-08-01

254

Grafting of a rhenium-oxo complex on Schiff base functionalized graphene oxide: an efficient catalyst for the oxidation of amines.  

PubMed

A rhenium-oxo complex such as methyltrioxorhenium (MTO) has been homogeneously immobilized on a Schiff base modified graphene oxide (GrO) support via covalent bonding. The loading of MTO on GrO nanosheets was monitored by FTIR, TG-DTA, and elemental analyses. The developed heterogeneous catalyst is found to be efficient for the oxidation of various amines to the corresponding N-oxides using hydrogen peroxide as an oxidant in high to excellent yields. At the end of the reaction, the catalyst is readily recovered by filtration and reused for subsequent runs. After the third run, the catalyst showed a marginal decrease in catalytic activity owing to the leaching of the MTO complex from the support. PMID:24718600

Khatri, Praveen K; Choudhary, Shivani; Singh, Raghuvir; Jain, Suman L; Khatri, Om P

2014-06-01

255

Photoinduced electron transfer from PbS quantum dots to cobalt(III) Schiff base complexes: light activation of a protein inhibitor  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the activation of a biologically inert Co(III) Schiff base (SB) complex to its protein inhibitor form by photoinduced electron transfer (PET) from a colloidal PbS quantum dot (QD, radii = 1.5 – 1.7 nm) to the cobalt center, with a charge separation time constant of 125 ns. Reduction of the Co(III)-SB initiates release of the native axial ligands, promoting replacement with the histidine mimic 4-methylimidazole. The rate of ligand displacement increases by approximately a factor of eight upon exposure of the PbS QD/Co(III)-SB mixture to light of energy greater than the energy of the first excitonic state of the QDs, from which PET occurs. These results suggest an approach for the preparation of inorganic therapeutic agents that can be specifically coupled to a biologically active site by cooperative redox-binding ligation. PMID:23931454

Peterson, Mark D.; Holbrook, Robert J.; Meade, Thomas J.; Weiss, Emily A.

2013-01-01

256

Synthesis and characterization of some new Schiff base complexes of group 13 elements, ab initio studies, cytotoxicity and reaction with hydrogen peroxide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel tetradentate Schiff base, naphthabza-H2 = N,N'-bis(naphthylidene)-2-aminobenzylamine, and a series of aluminum(III), gallium(III), and indium(III) complexes with general formula, MLNO3, were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, 1H NMR, FT-IR, UV-Vis spectroscopy and thermogravimetric method. The product of the reaction of complexes with hydrogen peroxide was characterized by similar techniques. According to the ab initio calculations aluminum and gallium complexes have five-coordinated structures and indium complex is a six-coordinated one. Also, the growth inhibitory effects of the complexes toward K562 cancer cell line were measured and the results for these complexes are as follows: Al > Ga > In.

Asadi, Mozaffar; Savaripoor, Nooshin; Asadi, Zahra; Ghatee, Mohammad Hadi; Moosavi, Fatemeh; Yousefi, Reza; Jamshidi, Mehrnaz

2013-01-01

257

Syntheses, Characterizations, Crystal Structures and Antibacterial Activities of Two Zinc(II) Complexes with a Schiff Base Derived from o-Vanillin and p-Toluidine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two new zinc(II) complexes, (Zn2L2Cl4)·2(ZnL(CH3OH)Cl2) 1 and (ZnL2(NO3)2) 2, were synthesized by reacting ZnX2·nH2O (X = Cl - , NO3 - ) and a Schiff base ligand 2-((4-me- thylphenylimino)methyl)-6-methoxyphenol (C15H15NO2, L) which was obtained by the condensation of o-vanillin (2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde) with p-toluidine. Both 1 and 2 were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique, elemental analysis, molar conductance, FT-IR, UV-Vis, 1

YU Yu-Yea; ZHAO Guo-Liang; WEN Yi-Hang

258

Syntheses, Crystal Structures and Kinetic Mechanisms of Thermal Decomposition of Rare Earth Complexes with Schiff Base Derived from o-Vanillin and p-Toluidine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three complexes, [Pr(NO3)3(HL)2] (1), [Nd(NO3)3(HL)2] (2) and [Er(NO3)3(HL)2]·0.5H2O (3), were synthesized from the reaction of a Schiff base ligand 2-[(4-methylphenylimino) methyl]-6-methoxyphenol (C15H15NO2, HL) with Ln(NO3)3·6H2O (Ln = Pr, Nd, Er). Characterization by single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique, elemental analysis, molar conductance, FT-IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR and thermal analysis shows the title complexes are neutral molecules where the central Ln(III) ion is

Guoliang Zhao; Yunlong Feng; Yihang Wen

2006-01-01

259

Spectrophotometric studies of molecular complex formation between water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complex and nucleotides in mixed solvent systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation constants for 1:1 molecular complex formation between water-soluble cobalt(II) tetradentate Schiff base complex, disodium[{bis(4-methoxy-5-sulfo-salicylaldehyde)-4,5-dimethyl-o-phenylenediiminato}cobalt(II)], Na 2[Co(SO 3-4-meosal-4,5-dmophen)], and nucleotides, adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) and cytidine-5'-triphosphate (CTP), in mixed solvent systems of ethanol and water with different volume fractions of ethanol and water have been determined spectrophotometrically at constant ionic strength ( I = 0.2 mol dm -3 NaClO 4) and temperature 278 K. Trends in the values of formation constants according to the volume fractions of ethanol and water in ethanol and water mixed solvent systems, suggest that the trend of molecular complex formation increases with increasing the volume fraction of ethanol in mixed solvent systems.

Boghaei, Davar M.; Gharagozlou, Mehrnaz

2005-10-01

260

Synthesis, spectroscopic studies, antimicrobial activities and antitumor of a new monodentate V-shaped Schiff base and its transition metal complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reaction of 4-aminoacetophenone and 4-bromobenzaldehyde in ethanol resulted in the formation of the monodentate V-shaped Schiff base (E)-1-(4-((4-bromo-benzylidene)amino)phenyl)ethanone (L). Interaction of L with different di- and trivalent metal ions revealed disubstituted derivatives. The ligand and its complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, mass, IR and NMR spectrometry. Biological activities of the ligand and complexes against the Escherchia coli and Staphylococcus aureus bacterias, and the two fungus Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans were screened. The cytotoxicity of the compounds were checked as antitumor agents on liver carcinoma cell line (HepG2). They exhibited in vitro broad range of antitumor activities towards the cell line; the [ZnL2(H2O)2](NO3)2 complex was stronger antitumor towards HepG2 cell line as well as two breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and T47D) relative to cis-platin.

Ramadan, Ramadan M.; Abu Al-Nasr, Ahmad K.; Noureldeen, Amani F. H.

2014-11-01

261

Synthesis, characterization, equilibrium study and biological activity of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes of polydentate Schiff base ligand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schiff base ligand, 1,4-bis[(2-hydroxybenzaldehyde)propyl]piperazine (BHPP), and its Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) metal complexes were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance and spectral (IR and UV-vis) studies. The ground state of BHPP ligand was investigated using the BUILDER module of MOE. Metal complexes are formed in the 1:1 (M:L) ratio as found from the elemental analysis and found to have the general formula [ML]·nH2O, where M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II), L = BHPP. In all the studied complexes, the (BHPP) ligand behaves as a hexadentate divalent anion with coordination involving the two azomethine nitrogen's, the two nitrogen atoms of piperazine ring and the two deprotonated phenolic OH-groups. The magnetic and spectral data indicates octahedral geometry of metal(II) complexes. The ligand and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities using the disc diffusion method against the selected bacteria and fungi. They were found to be more active against Gram-positive than Gram-negative bacteria. Protonation constants of (BHPP) ligand and stability constants of its Cu2+, Co2+ and Ni2+ complexes were determined by potentiometric titration method in 50% DMSO-water solution at ionic strength of 0.1 M sodium nitrate. It has been observed that the protonated Schiff base ligand (BHPP) have four protonation constants. The divalent metal ions Cu2+, Ni2+ and Co2+ form 1:1 complexes.

El-Sherif, Ahmed A.; Shehata, Mohamed R.; Shoukry, Mohamed M.; Barakat, Mohammad H.

2012-10-01

262

Effects of individual genetic substitutions of arginine residues on the deprotonation and reprotonation kinetics of the Schiff base during the bacteriorhodopsin photocycle.  

PubMed

The rates are determined for the deprotonation and reprotonation of the protonated Schiff base (PSB) as well as of formation and decay of the UV transient in the photocycle of seven bacteriorhodopsin (bR) mutants in which Arg-7, 82, 164, 175, 225, or 227 are replaced by glutamine and Arg-134 by cysteine. The results show that all these mutations increase the rate of deprotonation of the PSB compared to ebR, (wild-type bacteriorhodopsin expressed in Escherichia coli) greatly increase the rate of the reprotonation of the SB (Schiff base) in the case of the Arg-164 and Arg-175 mutations and dramatically decrease this rate in the case of the Arg-227 mutation. Temperature studies on the latter mutant suggest that the observed change in its rate of reprotonation is due to large decrease in the energy and entropy of activation, similar to those observed for Asp-96 mutations (Miller, A. and D. Orsterhelt. 1990. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1020:57-64). These results suggest that the reprotonation process is changed to a proton diffusion-controlled mechanism in the Arg-227 mutant due to a change in the structure of the proton channel. The absorption intensity ratio (AUV/AMslow) of each arginine mutant relative to that of ebR is found to be similar to that for native purple membrane (PM) except for the Arg-227 mutant where it is greatly reduced, and for the Arg-82 mutant where it is not observed, suggesting that both Arg-227 and Arg-82 residues somehow play roles in inducing the UV transient absorption. All the above results are discussed in terms of the model for the structure of bR proposed by Henderson, R., J.M. Baldwin, T.A. Ceska, F. Zemlin, E. Beckmann, and K.H. Downing. (1990. J. Mol. Biol. 213:899-929). PMID:1883936

Lin, G C; el-Sayed, M A; Marti, T; Stern, L J; Mogi, T; Khorana, H G

1991-07-01

263

Synthesis, characterization, equilibrium study and biological activity of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes of polydentate Schiff base ligand.  

PubMed

Schiff base ligand, 1,4-bis[(2-hydroxybenzaldehyde)propyl]piperazine (BHPP), and its Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) metal complexes were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance and spectral (IR and UV-vis) studies. The ground state of BHPP ligand was investigated using the BUILDER module of MOE. Metal complexes are formed in the 1:1 (M:L) ratio as found from the elemental analysis and found to have the general formula [ML]·nH(2)O, where M=Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II), L=BHPP. In all the studied complexes, the (BHPP) ligand behaves as a hexadentate divalent anion with coordination involving the two azomethine nitrogen's, the two nitrogen atoms of piperazine ring and the two deprotonated phenolic OH-groups. The magnetic and spectral data indicates octahedral geometry of metal(II) complexes. The ligand and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities using the disc diffusion method against the selected bacteria and fungi. They were found to be more active against Gram-positive than Gram-negative bacteria. Protonation constants of (BHPP) ligand and stability constants of its Cu(2+), Co(2+) and Ni(2+) complexes were determined by potentiometric titration method in 50% DMSO-water solution at ionic strength of 0.1 M sodium nitrate. It has been observed that the protonated Schiff base ligand (BHPP) have four protonation constants. The divalent metal ions Cu(2+), Ni(2+) and Co(2+) form 1:1 complexes. PMID:22935596

El-Sherif, Ahmed A; Shehata, Mohamed R; Shoukry, Mohamed M; Barakat, Mohammad H

2012-10-01

264

Pro-oxidant and antiproliferative effects of the 1,3,4-thiadiazole-based Schiff base and its metal complexes.  

PubMed

Adverse biological activities of Schiff base (SB) derivatives are well known. In this study, the ligand and its metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized by IR, (1)H-NMR spectra, elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, UV-Vis spectra, and thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis. From the elemental analyses data, the complexes were proposed to have the general formula [Mn(L)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], [Co(L)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], and [Ni(2)(L)(H(2)O)(4)(Cl)(3)]. From the magnetic moment and UV-Vis spectra data, it was found that the geometrical structures of these complexes are octahedral. In the in vivo experiment, adult male rats were injected subcutaneously with a new SB (L) and its [Mn(L)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], [Co(L)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], and [Ni(2)(L)(H(2)O)(4)(Cl)(3)] complexes (25?mg/kg body weight) and were then sacrificed 16 days later. Effects of these compounds on serum antioxidant vitamins (i.e., vitamins A, E, and C) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured in blood serum, liver, and kidney tissues. In an in vitro experiment, antiproliferative effects of these compounds were assessed on the human breast carcinoma MCF-7 and murine leukemia L1210 cell lines. Serum MDA and vitamins A, E, and C levels did not change by the treatments. However, in the kidney and liver tissues, MDA levels were higher, whereas vitamin levels were lower in treatment groups, compared to the control group. All compounds inhibited cell proliferation of MCF-7 and L1210 cancer cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In conclusion, SB derivatives tested in the current study induced oxidative stress in vivo and exhibited anti-proliferative effects in an in vitro culture system. PMID:21714772

Turan, Nevin; Topçu, M Fatih; Ergin, Zuhal; Sandal, Suleyman; Tuzcu, Mehmet; Akpolat, Nusret; Yilmaz, Bayram; Sekerci, Memet; Karatepe, Mustafa

2011-10-01

265

Asymmetric C-C Bond Formation between Chiral N-Phosphonyl Imines and Ni(II)-Complex of Glycine Schiff Base Provides a GAP Synthesis of ?,?-syn-Diamino Acid Derivatives  

PubMed Central

The GAP asymmetric synthesis of ?,?-diamino acid derivatives has been achieved by reacting chiral N-phosphonyl imines with Ni(II)-complex of glycine ester-based enolate without the use of traditional purifications of chromatography and recrystallization. The successful control of synstereochemistry of vicinal diamino products complements our previous methods which afforded anti stereoisomers and enables all four individual isomers to be synthesized by simply changing enolate geometry. In contrast to our previous synthesis where required at least 5 equiv of glycine Schiff base enolate for complete conversion, the new synthesis only needs 1.1 equiv of glycine Schiff base enolate to give complete diastereoselectivity (>99% de) and yields (91% – 97%). The absolute stereochemistry has been unambiguously determined by X-ray structural analysis.

Sun, Hao; Zhang, Haowei; Han, Jianlin

2014-01-01

266

Ligand influence over the formation of dinuclear [2+2] versus trinuclear [3+3] Cu(I) Schiff base macrocyclic complexes.  

PubMed

The preparation and characterization of three new macrocyclic ligands with pendant arms based on the [2+2] condensation of isophthalaldehyde and the corresponding triamine substituted at the central N-atom is reported. None of these new macrocyclic ligands undergo any equilibrium reaction, based on imine hydrolysis to generate [1+1] macrocyclic formation or higher oligomeric compounds, such as [3+3], [4+4], etc., at least within the time scale of days. This indicates the stability of the newly generated imine bond. In sharp contrast, the reaction of the [2+2] macrocyclic Schiff bases with Cu(I) generates the corresponding dinuclear Cu(I) complexes [Cu(2)(L(1))](2+), 1(2+); [Cu(2)(L(2))(CH(3)CN)(2)](2+), 2(2+); and [Cu(2)(L(3))(CH(3)CN)(2)](2+), 3(2+), together with their trinuclear Cu(I) homologues [Cu(3)(L(4))](3+), 4(3+); [Cu(3)(L(5))(CH(3)CN)(3)](3+), 5(3+); and [Cu(3)(L(6))(CH(3)CN)(3)](3+), 6(3+), where the [2+2] ligand has undergone an expansion to the corresponding [3+3] Schiff base that is denoted as L(4), L(5), or L(6). The conditions under which the dinuclear and trinuclear complexes are formed were analyzed in terms of solvent dependence and synthetic pathways. The new complexes are characterized in solution by NMR, UV-vis, and MS spectroscopy and in the solid state by X-ray diffraction analysis and IR spectroscopy. For the particular case of the L(2) ligand, MS spectroscopy is also used to monitor the metal assisted transformation where the dinuclear complex 2(2+) is transformed into the trinuclear complex 5(3+). The Cu(I) complexes described here, in general, react slowly (within the time scale of days) with molecular oxygen, except for the ones containing the phenolic ligands 2(2+) and 5(3+) that react a bit faster. PMID:21732585

Arbuse, Arnau; Mandal, Sukanta; Maji, Somnath; Martínez, Ma Angeles; Fontrodona, Xavier; Utz, Diana; Heinemann, Frank W; Kisslinger, Sandra; Schindler, Siegfried; Sala, Xavier; Llobet, Antoni

2011-08-01

267

Interactions of Trivalent Lanthanide Cations with a New Hexadentate Di-Schiff Base: New Lanthanide(III) Complexes from (NE,N?E)-2,2?-(ethane-1,2-diylbis(oxy))bis(N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)ethanamine)  

PubMed Central

The novel lanthanide(III) complexes [Ln(NO3)2L](NO3)·3MeOH (Ln = La 1, Pr 2) and [Ln(NO3)3L](NO3)·2MeOH (Ln = Gd 3, Yb 4), where L = (NE,N?E)-2,2?-(ethane-1,2-diylbis(oxy))bis(N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)ethanamine), have been obtained by direct reaction of the Schiff base ligand and the corresponding hydrated lanthanide(III) nitrates in methanol. All complexes were characterized spectroscopically and thermogravimetrically. Complex 4 was also characterized with crystallographic studies: orthorhombic P212121, a = 10.6683(14), b = 13.4752(15), c = 19.3320(26) Å. In the molecular structure of 4, Yb(III) is surrounded by all donor atoms of the Schiff base (four nitrogen and two oxygen atoms) and four oxygen atoms belonging to two bidentate chelating nitrato ligands. PMID:20689704

Tsiouri, Mantha; Skorda, Konstantina; Papadimitriou, Christos; Li, Yang; Woollins, J. Derek; Plakatouras, John C.

2010-01-01

268

Complexes of Schiff base of gossypol with 5-hydroxy-3-oxapentylamine and Ca 2+, Ba 2+ or Pb 2+ cations studied by NMR, FT-IR, ESI MS as well as PM5 semiempirical methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Schiff base of gossypol with 5-hydroxy-3-oxapentylamine (GSBH) has been found to complex bivalent metal cations, in particular Ca 2+, Ba 2+ and Pb 2+. This process of complex formation has been studied by ESI mass spectrometry, 1H, 13C NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy as well as by PM5 semiempirical method. It has been established that GSBH forms stable 1:1 complexes with all these cations. In all complexes the Schiff base of gossypol exists as the enamine-enamine tautomer. The Ca 2+, Ba 2+ cations are coordinated through oxygen atoms from the four hydroxyl groups, and Pb 2+ cation additionally also by two oxygen atoms from oxaalkyl chains. The structures of these complexes have been calculated by PM5 semiempirical method and discussed.

Przybylski, Piotr; Schroeder, Grzegorz; Brzezinski, Bogumil

2003-09-01

269

Reactivity of nitrido complexes of ruthenium(VI), osmium(VI), and manganese(V) bearing Schiff base and simple anionic ligands.  

PubMed

Nitrido complexes (M?N) may be key intermediates in chemical and biological nitrogen fixation and serve as useful reagents for nitrogenation of organic compounds. Osmium(VI) nitrido complexes bearing 2,2':6',2?-terpyridine (terpy), 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), or hydrotris(1-pyrazolyl)borate anion (Tp) ligands are highly electrophilic: they can react with a variety of nucleophiles to generate novel osmium(IV)/(V) complexes. This Account describes our recent results studying the reactivity of nitridocomplexes of ruthenium(VI), osmium(VI), and manganese(V) that bear Schiff bases and other simple anionic ligands. We demonstrate that these nitrido complexes exhibit rich chemical reactivity. They react with various nucleophiles, activate C-H bonds, undergo N···N coupling, catalyze the oxidation of organic compounds, and show anticancer activities. Ruthenium(VI) nitrido complexes bearing Schiff base ligands, such as [Ru(VI)(N)(salchda)(CH3OH)](+) (salchda = N,N'-bis(salicylidene)o-cyclohexyldiamine dianion), are highly electrophilic. This complex reacts readily at ambient conditions with a variety of nucleophiles at rates that are much faster than similar reactions using Os(VI)?N. This complex also carries out unique reactions, including the direct aziridination of alkenes, C-H bond activation of alkanes and C-N bond cleavage of anilines. The addition of ligands such as pyridine can enhance the reactivity of [Ru(VI)(N)(salchda)(CH3OH)](+). Therefore researchers can tune the reactivity of Ru?N by adding a ligand L trans to nitride: L-Ru?N. Moreover, the addition of various nucleophiles (Nu) to Ru(VI)?N initially generate the ruthenium(IV) imido species Ru(IV)-N(Nu), a new class of hydrogen-atom transfer (HAT) reagents. Nucleophiles also readily add to coordinated Schiff base ligands in Os(VI)?N and Ru(VI)?N complexes. These additions are often stereospecific, suggesting that the nitrido ligand has a directing effect on the incoming nucleophile. M?N is also a potential platform for the design of new oxidation catalysts. For example, [Os(VI)(N)Cl4](-) catalyzes the oxidation of alkanes by a variety of oxidants, and the addition of Lewis acids greatly accelerates these reactions. [Mn(V)(N)(CN)4]2(-) is another highly efficient oxidation catalyst, which facilitates the epoxidation of alkenes and the oxidation of alcohols to carbonyl compounds using H2O2. Finally, M?N can potentially bind to and exert various effects on biomolecules. For example, a number of Os(VI)?N complexes exhibit novel anticancer properties, which may be related to their ability to bind to DNA or other biomolecules. PMID:24047467

Man, Wai-Lun; Lam, William W Y; Lau, Tai-Chu

2014-02-18

270

Discovery and investigation of anticancer ruthenium-arene Schiff-base complexes via water-promoted combinatorial three-component assembly.  

PubMed

The structural diversity of metal scaffolds makes them a viable alternative to traditional organic scaffolds for drug design. Combinatorial chemistry and multicomponent reactions, coupled with high-throughput screening, are useful techniques in drug discovery, but they are rarely used in metal-based drug design. We report the optimization and validation of a new combinatorial, metal-based, three-component assembly reaction for the synthesis of a library of 442 Ru-arene Schiff-base (RAS) complexes. These RAS complexes were synthesized in a one-pot, on-a-plate format using commercially available starting materials under aqueous conditions. The library was screened for their anticancer activity, and several cytotoxic lead compounds were identified. In particular, [(?6-1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene)RuCl(4-methoxy-N-(2-quinolinylmethylene)aniline)]Cl (4) displayed low micromolar IC50 values in ovarian cancers (A2780, A2780cisR), breast cancer (MCF7), and colorectal cancer (HCT116, SW480). The absence of p53 activation or changes in IC50 value between p53+/+ and p53-/- cells suggests that 4 and possibly the other lead compounds may act independently of the p53 tumor suppressor gene frequently mutated in cancer. PMID:25023617

Chow, Mun Juinn; Licona, Cynthia; Yuan Qiang Wong, Daniel; Pastorin, Giorgia; Gaiddon, Christian; Ang, Wee Han

2014-07-24

271

Detection of glycoproteins in polyacrylamide gels and on electroblots using Pro-Q Emerald 488 dye, a fluorescent periodate Schiff-base stain.  

PubMed

Pro-Q Emerald 488 glycoprotein stain reacts with periodic acid-oxidized carbohydrate groups, generating a bright green-fluorescent signal on glycoproteins. The stain permits detection of less than 5-18 ng of glycoprotein per band, depending upon the nature and the degree of protein glycosylation, making it roughly 8-16-fold more sensitive than the standard colorimetric periodic acid-Schiff base method using acidic fuchsin dye (pararosaniline). The green-fluorescent signal from Pro-Q Emerald 488 stain may optimally be visualized using charge-coupled device/xenon arc lamp-based imaging systems or 470-488 nm laser-based gel scanners. Though glycoprotein detection may be performed on transfer membranes, direct detection in gels avoids electroblotting and the specificity of staining is better in gels. After detecting glycoproteins with Pro-Q Emerald 488 dye, total protein profiles may subsequently be detected using SYPRO Ruby protein gel stain. Using computer-assisted registration techniques, images may then be merged to generate differential display maps. PMID:12601726

Hart, Courtenay; Schulenberg, Birte; Steinberg, Thomas H; Leung, Wai-Yee; Patton, Wayne F

2003-02-01

272

1H, 13C and 15N NMR, FT-IR as well as PM5 studies of a new Schiff base of gossypol with 3,6-dioxadecylamine in solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff base of racemic gossypol with 3,6-dioxadecylamine (GSDN) has been synthesised and its structure has been studied by FT-IR, 1H, 13C and 15N NMR spectroscopy as well as by the PM5 semiempirical method. All spectroscopic methods have provided respective evidences that GSDN in solution exists exclusively in the enamine-enamine tautomeric form. The structure of the enamine-enamine tautomer is visualized and the hydrogen bonds stabilising this structure are discussed.

Przybylski, Piotr; Lewandowska, Weronika; Brzezinski, Bogumi?; Bartl, Franz

2006-09-01

273

Dinuclear and polynuclear transition metal complexes with macrocyclic ligands. 6. New dinuclear copper(ii) complexes with macrocyclic Schiff bases derived from 4- tert -butyl-2,6-diformylphenol  

Microsoft Academic Search

New dinuclear complexes containing CuII atoms in the cavity of a macrocyclic Schiff base were prepared by template condensation of 4-tert-butyl-2,6-diformylphenol with 1,3-diaminopropane in the presence of CuII trimethylacetate and chloride as well as by extra-ligand exchange. The mononuclear CuII complex with two 1,3-diaminopropane molecules can serve as an intermediate in this template synthesis. The reaction of CuII trimethylacetate with

V. V. Roznyatovsky; N. E. Borisova; M. D. Reshetova; Yu. A. Ustynyuk; G. G. Aleksandrov; I. L. Eremenko; I. I. Moiseev

2004-01-01

274

Synthesis, spectral, electrochemical and biological studies of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with Schiff bases of 8-formyl-7-hydroxy-4-methyl coumarin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes have been synthesized with Schiff bases derived from 8-formyl-7-hydroxy-4-methyl coumarin and o-chloroaniline\\/o-toluidine. The structures of the complexes have been proposed from analytical, spectral (IR, UV-Vis, ESR and FAB-mass), magnetic, thermal and fluorescence studies. The complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO and molar conductance values indicate the complexes are non-electrolytes. Elemental analyses

Ajaykumar Kulkarni; Prakash Gouda Avaji; Gangadhar B. Bagihalli; Sangamesh A. Patil; Prema S. Badami

2009-01-01

275

Inhibition of herpes simplex virus type 1 and adenovirus type 5 by heterocyclic Schiff bases of aminohydroxyguanidine tosylate 1 Taken in part from the Ph.D dissertation of A. Das, USC, School of Pharmacy, 1996. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eleven heterocyclic Schiff bases of aminohydroxyguanidine tosylate (SB-AHGs), compounds I–XI, were tested for antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and adenovirus type 5 (Ad 5) via plaque reduction and virus yield reduction assays. This work was undertaken to test the hypothesis that low molecular weight SB-AHGs (MW300). The plaque reduction assay method demonstrated that three compounds, I,

Arima Das; Melvin D Trousdale; Shijun Ren; Eric J Lien

1999-01-01

276

Synthesis and Characterization of Some Cobalt(II), Copper(II), and Nickel(II) Complexes with New Schiff Bases from the Reaction of p?Aminoazobenzene with Salicylaldehyde  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two new Schiff bases have been synthesized by the reaction of p?aminoazobenzene with salicylaldehyde (LH) and the oxidative polycondensation product of LH (LH2). The complexes of cobalt(II), copper(II), and nickel(II) with LH and LH2 have been prepared. The ligands and their complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, electronic absorption spectra, mass spectra, H and C NMR spectra,

Esin Peker; Selahattin Serin

2004-01-01

277

Synthesis of new chiral heterocyclic Schiff base modulated Cu(II)/Zn(II) complexes: their comparative binding studies with CT-DNA, mononucleotides and cleavage activity.  

PubMed

New Schiff base ligand L derived from the condensation reaction of 2-amino-3-formylchromone with (R)-2-amino-2-phenylethanol was synthesized and characterized which involves combination element of ammine functionality and naturally occurring heterocyclic chromone, 4H-benzopyran-4-one. Subsequently, their complexes 1 and 2 with Cu(NO?)? and Zn(NO?)?, respectively were prepared. The DNA binding studies of the ligand L and complexes 1 and 2 with CT-DNA as compared to classical anticancer drug cisplatin were carried out by employing different optical methods viz, UV-vis, fluorescence, circular dichroism and viscosity measurements. Furthermore, the absorption studies, ¹H and ³¹P with mononucleotides were also monitored to examine the base specific interactions of the transition metal complexes which revealed a higher propensity of copper(II) complex 1 for 5'-GMP while for zinc(II) complex 2 towards 5'-TMP involving groove binding mechanism of the complexes towards DNA. The complex 1 exhibits a remarkable DNA cleavage activity with pBR322 DNA in presence of different activators and cleavage reaction involves various oxygen species suggesting the involvement of active oxygen species for the DNA scission. PMID:21459607

Arjmand, Farukh; Sayeed, Fatima; Muddassir, Mohd

2011-05-01

278

Supramolecular aromaticity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report experimental and theoretical evidences for supramolecular aromaticity as a new concept to be widely used in researches about molecular crystals. CSD survey regarding frequently encountered resonance-assisted H-bonds (RAHBs) in formic acid, formamide, formimidamide, formic acid-formamide, and formamide-formimidamide dimers shows that supramolecular quasirings formed by RAHBs have remarkable electronic delocalization within themselves, which is reminiscent of aromaticity at supramolecular level. This study criticizes and reevaluates the validity of conventional judgment which states that ring systems formed by intermolecular H-bonds cannot be aromatic. Thus, the term aromaticity can be extended to supramolecular systems formed by RAHBs. Supramolecular aromaticity has a multi-fold nature involving both ?- and ?-delocalization, and ?-delocalization through RAHBs takes on a task of compensating ?-deficiency within quasirings. Atomic composition in donor-acceptor set of the dimers is descriptive for supramolecular aromaticity. We revised bond-valence parameters for RAHBs and they suggest that hypervalent character of H atoms is more pronounced than their hypovalent character in RAHBs. The ?-delocalized bonding within H-bonded quasirings necessitates hypervalent character of H atoms. Quantum chemical calculations based on adiabatic Hydrogen Atom Transfer (HAT) between the monomers reveal that topological parameters at ring critical points (RCPs) of the quasirings correlate well with Shannon's entropic aromaticity index. The presence of additional LP orbital on O atoms implying more diffused LP-orbitals in donor-acceptor set leads to the formation of resonance-disabling states reducing supramolecular aromaticity of a quasiring and energetic cost of the electron transfer between the monomers. There is a nonignorable electron transfer between the monomers even in the cases where H atoms are close to donor or acceptor atom. NBO analyses have revealed that formally vacant LP* orbitals on H-atoms in TS geometries mediate intermolecular electron transfer as a result of the hyperconjugative stereoelectronic interactions.

Karab?y?k, Hande; Sevinçek, Resul; Karab?y?k, Hasan

2014-05-01

279

Synthesis, characterization, and antipathogenic studies of some transition metal complexes with N,O-chelating Schiff's base ligand incorporating azo and sulfonamide Moieties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chromium(III), Manganese(II), Cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and cadmium(II) complexes of 4-[4-hydroxy-3-(phenyliminomethyl)-phenylazo]benzenesulfonamide, were prepared and characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, spectral, magnetic, molar conductance and thermal analysis. Square planar, tetrahedral and octahedral geometries have been assigned to the prepared complexes. Dimeric complexes are obtained with 2:2 molar ratio except chromium(III) complex is monomeric which is obtained with 1:1 molar ratios. The IR spectra of the prepared complexes were suggested that the Schiff base ligand(HL) behaves as a bi-dentate ligand through the azomethine nitrogen atom and phenolic oxygen atom. The crystal field splitting, Racah repulsion and nepheloauxetic parameters and determined from the electronic spectra of the complexes. Thermal studies suggest a mechanism for degradation of HL and its metal complexes as function of temperature supporting the chelation modes. Also, the activation thermodynamic parameters, such as ?E*, ?H*, ?S* and ?G* for the different thermal decomposition steps of HL and its metal complexes were calculated. The pathogenic activities of the synthesized compounds were tested in vitro against the sensitive organisms Staphylococcus aureus (RCMB010027), Staphylococcus epidermidis (RCMB010024) as Gram positive bacteria, Klebsiella pneumonia (RCMB 010093), Shigella flexneri (RCMB 0100542), as Gram negative bacteria and Aspergillus fumigates (RCMB 02564), Aspergillus clavatus (RCMB 02593) and Candida albicans (RCMB05035) as fungus strain, and the results are discussed.

Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.; Bayoumi, Hoda A.; Ammar, Yousry A.; Aldhlmani, Sharah A.

2013-03-01

280

Microwave assisted synthesis, characterization and biocidal activities of some new chelates of carbazole derived Schiff bases of cadmium and tin metals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is planned to report the advancement of green microwave approach in the fabrication of a new series of biologically potent (N^X, where X = O/S) donor Schiff bases and their cadmium(II) and tin(II) complexes. The ligands and their metal complexes have been characterized in terms of elemental analysis, molar ionic conductance, magnetic moment and spectral (IR, UV-Vis, NMR (1H, 119Sn), FAB-mass, thermal and XRD) data. The data revealed that the ligands coordinated to the metal center via nitrogen and oxygen/sulfur atoms and form an octahedral arrangement of the ligands around central metal atom. All compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against two pathogenic bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli and two fungi Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus by standard disc diffusion method. The discs were stored in an incubator at 37 °C. The compounds were dissolved in DMF at 500 and 1000 ppm concentrations for screening biocidal activity. The compounds were dissolved in DMF to get the 100 and 200 ppm concentration of test solutions for screening fungicidal activity. The inhibition zone around each disc was measured (in mm) after 24 h and 96 h for biocidal and fungicidal activities respectively.

Yadav, Manju; Mishra, Neelima; Sharma, Nutan; Chandra, Sulekh; Kumar, Dinesh

2014-11-01

281

Synthesis, spectroscopic, photoluminescence properties and biological evaluation of novel Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes of NOON tetradentate Schiff bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novel mononuclear Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes were synthesized from the reactions of Zn(OAc)2·2H2O and anhydrous AlCl3 with neutral N2O2 donor tetradentate Schiff bases; N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L1) and N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L2). The new complexes were fully characterized by using micro analyses (CHN), FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis spectra and thermal analysis. The analytical data have been showed that, the stoichiometry of the complexes is 1:1. Spectroscopic data suggested tetrahedral and square pyramidal geometries for Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes, respectively. The synthesized Zn(II), and Al(III) complexes exhibited intense fluorescence emission in the visible region upon UV-excitation in methylene chloride solution at ambient temperature. This high fluorescence emission was assigned to the strong coordination of the ligands to the small and the highly charged Zn(II) and Al(III) ions. Such strong coordination seems to extend the ?-conjugation of the complexes. Thermal analysis measurements indicated that the complexes have good thermal stability. As a potential application the biological activity (e.g., antimicrobial action) of the prepared ligands and complexes was assessed by in-vitro testing of their effect on the growth of various strains of bacteria and fungi.

Abdel Aziz, Ayman A.; Badr, Ibrahim H. A.; El-Sayed, Ibrahim S. A.

2012-11-01

282

Spectrophotometric determination of the formation constants of some transition metal cations with a new synthetic Schiff base in dichloromethane and chloroform using rank annihilation factor analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The complex formation between a new synthesized Schiff base and the cations Ni 2+, Co 2+, Cu 2+, Zn 2+ in dichloromethane (DCM) and chloroform solutions was investigated spectrophotometrically using rank annihilation factor analysis (RAFA). The results of mole ratio plots and continuous variation data show the stoichiometry of complexation were found to be 1:1, and 2:1 metal ion to ligand. The stoichiometry was obtained as 1:1 metal ion to ligand ratio for Co 2+, Ni 2+ and Zn 2+ in chloroform and 2:1 for Cu 2+. In DCM the stoichiometry was obtained as 1:1 for Co 2+ and 2:1 for Ni 2+ and Zn 2+ and a consecutive 2:1 metal ion to ligand ratio was obtained for Cu 2+. Formation constants of these complexes were estimated by application of RAFA on spectrophotometric data. In this process the contribution of ligand was removed from the absorbance data matrix when the complex stability constant acts as an optimizing object and simply combined with the pure spectrum of the ligand, the rank of the original data matrix can be reduced by one by annihilating the information of the ligand from the original data matrix.

Afkhami, Abbas; Madrakian, Tayyebeh; Keypour, Hassan; Soltanbeygi, Saeid; Khajavi, Farzad; Rezaeivala, Majid

2011-01-01

283

Enhanced catalytic performances by surface silylation of Cu(II) Schiff base-containing SBA-15 in epoxidation of styrene with H 2O 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schiff base functionalized SBA-15 mesoporous materials were synthesized by post-grafting of salicylaldehyde onto silylated and non-silylated amino-modified SBA-15 and followed by the introduction of Cu(II) ions via a ligand exchange reaction. Both hybrid materials prepared were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, UV-vis spectroscopy, N 2 adsorption/desorption, TG/DTA and ICP-AES techniques and comparatively examined as catalysts in epoxidation of styrene with 30 wt.% aqueous hydrogen peroxide as oxidant. It was found that the silylated material was more active and selective to styrene oxide than the non-silylated one in CH 3CN. The considerably improved activity (86.1%) and styrene oxide selectivity (95.2%) were achieved after 30 min when adding sodium hydroxide to maintain a pH of 7.5-8.0 in reaction medium. Moreover, the silylated catalyst showed good recoverability and relatively high stability against leaching of active copper species. These superior effects were attributed to the high hydrophobic character of the solid surface produced by the silanol neutralization.

Yang, Ying; Guan, Jingqi; Qiu, Pengpeng; Kan, Qiubin

2010-03-01

284

DNA binding, DNA cleavage and BSA interaction of a mixed-ligand copper(II) complex with taurine Schiff base and 1,10-phenanthroline.  

PubMed

The DNA-binding properties and DNA-cleavage activities of a Cu(II) complex, [Cu(sal-tau(phen)]·1.5H2O (sal-tau=a Schiff base derived from salicylaldehyde and taurine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline), have been investigated by using UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) spectra and agarose gel electrophoresis. Results indicated that this Cu(II) complex can bind to calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) via an intercalative mode and shows efficient cleavage activity in the absence and presence of reducer. Its intrinsic binding constant Kb (1.66×10(4)M(-1)) was calculated by absorption spectra and its linear Stern-Volmer quenching constant K(sq) (3.05) was obtained from florescence spectroscopy, as well as the cleaving reaction rate constant k1 (2.0×10(-4)s(-1)) was acquired from agarose gel electrophoresis. Meanwhile, the interactions of the complex with BSA have also been studied by spectroscopy. Results showed that the complex could quench the intrinsic fluorescence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) remarkably through a static quenching process, and induce a conformational change with the loss of helical stability of protein. PMID:23748130

Li, Lianzhi; Guo, Qiong; Dong, Jianfang; Xu, Tao; Li, Jinghong

2013-08-01

285

Microwave assisted synthesis, characterization and biocidal activities of some new chelates of carbazole derived Schiff bases of cadmium and tin metals.  

PubMed

This study is planned to report the advancement of green microwave approach in the fabrication of a new series of biologically potent (N^X, where X=O/S) donor Schiff bases and their cadmium(II) and tin(II) complexes. The ligands and their metal complexes have been characterized in terms of elemental analysis, molar ionic conductance, magnetic moment and spectral (IR, UV-Vis, NMR ((1)H, (119)Sn), FAB-mass, thermal and XRD) data. The data revealed that the ligands coordinated to the metal center via nitrogen and oxygen/sulfur atoms and form an octahedral arrangement of the ligands around central metal atom. All compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against two pathogenic bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli and two fungi Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus by standard disc diffusion method. The discs were stored in an incubator at 37°C. The compounds were dissolved in DMF at 500 and 1000 ppm concentrations for screening biocidal activity. The compounds were dissolved in DMF to get the 100 and 200 ppm concentration of test solutions for screening fungicidal activity. The inhibition zone around each disc was measured (in mm) after 24 h and 96 h for biocidal and fungicidal activities respectively. PMID:24929756

Yadav, Manju; Mishra, Neelima; Sharma, Nutan; Chandra, Sulekh; Kumar, Dinesh

2014-11-11

286

Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, thermal studies, catalytic epoxidation and biological activity of chromium and molybdenum hexacarbonyl bound to a novel N 2O 2 Schiff base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complexes of M(CO) 6 (M = Cr and Mo) with novel Schiff base N,N'-bis(salicylidene)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H 2L) were prepared in benzene in two different conditions: (i) under reduced pressure resulting the dicarbonyl precursors [Cr(CO) 2(H 2L)] and [Mo(CO) 2(L)] and (ii) in air resulting the oxo complex [Cr(O)(L)] and the dioxo complex [Mo(O) 2(L)]. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, mass spectrometry, and magnetic measurement. Thermal behaviors of the complexes were also studied by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The catalytic activity of the novel complexes in the epoxidation of cyclooctene, cyclohexene, 1-octene and 1-hexene with tert-butyl-hydroperoxide (TBHP) in methylene chloride was investigated. The antimicrobial activities of the ligand and their complexes have been screened against various strains of bacteria and fungi and the results have been compared with some known antibiotics.

Abdel Aziz, Ayman A.

2010-08-01

287

Antioxidation and DNA-binding properties of binuclear lanthanide(III) complexes with a Schiff base ligand derived from 8-hydroxyquinoline-7-carboxaldehyde and benzoylhydrazine.  

PubMed

8-Hydroxyquinoline-7-carboxaldehyde (8-HQ-7-CA), Schiff-base ligand 8-hydroxyquinoline-7-carboxaldehyde benzoylhydrazone, and binuclear complexes [LnL(NO(3))(H(2)O)(2)](2) were prepared from the ligand and equivalent molar amounts of Ln(NO(3))·6H(2)O (Ln=La(3+), Nd(3+), Sm(3+), Eu(3+), Gd(3+), Dy(3+), Ho(3+), Er(3+), Yb(3+), resp.). Ligand acts as dibasic tetradentates, binding to Ln(III) through the phenolate O-atom, N-atom of quinolinato unit, and C=N and -O-C=N- groups of the benzoylhydrazine side chain. Dimerization of this monomeric unit occurs through the phenolate O-atoms leading to a central four-membered (LnO)(2) ring. Ligand and all of the Ln(III) complexes can strongly bind to CT-DNA through intercalation with the binding constants at 10(5)-10(6) M(-1). Moreover, ligand and all of the Ln(III) complexes have strong abilities of scavenging effects for hydroxyl (HO·) radicals. Both the antioxidation and DNA-binding properties of Ln(III) complexes are much better than that of ligand. PMID:22899614

Liu, Yongchun; Zhang, Kejun; Wu, Yun; Zhao, Junying; Liu, Jianning

2012-08-01

288

New poly-iron(II) complexes of N4O dinucleating Schiff bases and pseudohalides: syntheses, structures, and magnetic and Mössbauer properties.  

PubMed

Six dinuclear ferrous complexes including [Fe2(acpypentO)(O2CMe)(NCS)2] (1), [Fe2(acpypentO)(O2CMe)(NCSe)2] (2), [Fe2(acpypentO)(NCO)3] (3), ([Fe2(acpybutO)(O2CMe)(NCS)2] (5), [Fe2(acpybutO)(O2CMe)(NCO)2] (6), and [Fe2(acpybutO)(O2CMe)(N3)2] (7), one tetranuclear (bis-dinuclear) ferrous compound, [Fe4(acpypentO)2(N3)6] (4), and one mononuclear ferrous compound, [Fe(acpybutOH)(NCS)2] (8), have been prepared, and their structures and magnetic and Mössbauer properties have been studied (acpybutOH = 1,4-bis[[2-pyridyl(1-ethyl]imino)]butane-2-ol and acpypentOH = 1,5-bis[[2-pyridyl(1-ethyl]imino)]pentane-3-ol). The X-ray diffraction analyses yielded the following results: 1 (C23H26Fe2N6O3S2, monoclinic, P2(1)/n, a = 8.0380(7) A, b = 12.4495(8) A, c = 27.358(2) A, beta = 92.180(10) degrees, V = 2735.7(4) A(3), Z = 4) is a dinuclear species in which the unequivalent high-spin (HS) Fe(II) sites are bridged by the alkoxo oxygen atom of the symmetrical acpypentO- Schiff base and one syn-syn acetato anion; 3 (C22H23Fe2N7O4, triclinic, Ponemacr;, a = 8.4152(10) A, b = 9.1350(10) A, c = 17.666(2) A, alpha = 97.486(14) degrees, beta = 100.026(14) degrees, gamma = 113.510(13) degrees, V = 1195.9(2) A3, Z = 2) is a dinuclear species in which the unequivalent HS Fe(II) sites are bridged by the alkoxo oxygen atom of the symmetrical acpypentO- Schiff base and one end-on NCO anion; 4-MeOH (C39H50Fe4N26O3, triclinic, Ponemacr;, a = 9.1246(11) A, b = 10.2466(11) A, c = 14.928(2) A, alpha = 91.529(15) degrees, beta = 101.078(16) degrees, gamma = 106.341(14) degrees, V = 1309.6(3) A3, Z = 1) is a bis-dinuclear species in which the unequivalent HS Fe(II) sites are bridged by the alkoxo oxygen atom of the symmetrical acpypentO- Schiff base and one end-on N(3)(-) anion, and the symmetry related Fe(II) sites are bridged by two end-on N3- anions; 8-MeOH (C21H26FeN6O2S2, triclinic, Ponemacr;, a = 8.7674(9) A, b = 12.0938(13) A, c = 12.2634(14) A, alpha = 106.685(14) degrees, beta = 93.689(14) degrees, gamma = 108.508(13) degrees, V = 1163.7(2) A3, Z = 2) is a mononuclear species in which the octahedral low-spin (LS) Fe(II) site is in an N6 environment provided by the four N atoms of the protonated asymmetrical acpybutOH Schiff base and two thiocyanato anions. The Mössbauer spectra of all dinuclear species (1-3 and 5-7), and of the bis-dinuclear compound 4, evidence two distinct HS Fe(II) sites while the Mössbauer spectra of the mononuclear compound 8 evidence a LS Fe(II) site over the 80-300 K temperature range. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility was fitted with J = -13.7 cm(-1), D = -1.8 cm(-1), and g = 2.096 for 1; J = 3.0 cm(-1), D(1) = 1.6 cm(-1), E(1) = -0.35 cm(-1) (lambda(1) = 0.22), D2 = - 12.2 cm(-1), E2 = 1.1 cm(-1) (lambda2 = 0.09), and g = 2.136 for 3; and J(1) = - 0.09 cm(-1), J(2) = 15.9 cm(-1), D(1) = 5.7 cm(-1), D(2) = 12.1 cm(-1), and g = 1.915 for 4. The nature of the ground state in 3 and 4 was confirmed by simulation of the magnetization curves at 2 and 5 K. The intradinuclear interaction through the central O(alkoxo) of the acpypentO- ligand and one pseudohalide bridges is ferromagnetic in 3 (end-on cyanato) while it is very weakly antiferromagnetic in 4 (end-on azido). The interdinuclear interaction through two end-on azido bridges (4) is ferromagnetic as expected. In agreement with the symmetry of the two iron sites of complexes 3 and 4, the fits show that D2 (tetragonal pyramid) is larger than D1 (distorted trigonal bipyramid (3) or distorted octahedron (4)). PMID:14966997

Boudalis, Athanassios K; Clemente-Juan, Juan-Modesto; Dahan, Françoise; Tuchagues, Jean-Pierre

2004-02-23

289

Highly fluorescent amidine/schiff base dual-modified polyacrylonitrile nanoparticles for selective and sensitive detection of copper ions in living cells.  

PubMed

Highly fluorescent surface modified polyacrylonitrile nanoparticles (PAN NPs) of 50 nm diameter were fabricated for selective Cu(2+) sensing. After surface modification, the PAN NPs were converted to amidine/Schiff base dual-modified PAN nanoparticles (tPAN NPs) with a Cu(2+) sensing property and high QY (0.19). The selectivity of tPAN NPs for Cu(2+) is much higher than that of other metal ions due to the fact that amidine group on the surface of tPAN NPs has a higher binding affinity with Cu(2+). The effect of other metal ions on the fluorescence intensity of the tPAN NPs was also studied, and other metal ions showed a low interference response in the detection of Cu(2+). Furthermore, as a metal ion chelator, ethylenediaminetetraacetate can competitively interact with Cu(2+) to recover the quenched fluorescence of tPAN NPs. The tPAN NPs are easily introduced into cells and exhibit low toxicity, enabling their use as a fluorescence sensor for Cu(2+) in living cells. The tPAN NPs provide a new direction for the development of copper ion sensors in living cells. PMID:25197957

Lee, Inkyu; Kim, Sojin; Kim, Seh-Na; Jang, Yoonsun; Jang, Jyongsik

2014-10-01

290

Asymmetric synthesis of ?-amino acids via homologation of Ni(II) complexes of glycine Schiff bases; Part 1: alkyl halide alkylations.  

PubMed

Alkylations of chiral or achiral Ni(II) complexes of glycine Schiff bases constitute a landmark in the development of practical methodology for asymmetric synthesis of ?-amino acids. Straightforward, easy preparation as well as high reactivity of these Ni(II) complexes render them ready available and inexpensive glycine equivalents for preparing a wide variety of ?-amino acids, in particular on a relatively large scale. In the case of Ni(II) complexes containing benzylproline moiety as a chiral auxiliary, their alkylation proceeds with high thermodynamically controlled diastereoselectivity. Similar type of Ni(II) complexes derived from alanine can also be used for alkylation providing convenient access to quaternary, ?,?-disubstituted ?-amino acids. Achiral type of Ni(II) complexes can be prepared from picolinic acid or via recently developed modular approach using simple secondary or primary amines. These Ni(II) complexes can be easily mono/bis-alkylated under homogeneous or phase-transfer catalysis conditions. Origin of diastereo-/enantioselectivity in the alkylations reactions, aspects of practicality, generality and limitations of this methodology is critically discussed. PMID:23832533

Sorochinsky, Alexander E; Aceña, José Luis; Moriwaki, Hiroki; Sato, Tatsunori; Soloshonok, Vadim A

2013-10-01

291

Reactivity of tris(acetylacetonato) iron(III) with tridentate [ONO] donor Schiff base as an access to newer mixed-ligand iron(III) complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two new mixed-ligand iron(III) complexes, [Fe(L n)(acac)(C 2H 5OH)] incorporating coordinated ethanol from the reaction solvent were accessed from the reaction of [Fe(acac) 3] with [ONO] donor dibasic tridentate unsymmetrical Schiff base ligands derived from condensation of 2-hydroxy-1-napthaldehyde with 2-aminophenol (H 2L 1) or 2-aminobenzoic acid (H 2L 2). The thermal study (TGA-DTA) provided evidence for weakly bound ethanol which is readily substituted by neutral N-donor molecule imidazole, benzimidazole or pyridine to produce an array of newer complexes, [Fe(L n)(acac)X] ( n = 1, 2; X = Im, Bim, Py). The compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, UV-vis, solution electrical conductivity, FAB mass, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Room temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements ( ?eff ˜ 5.8 B.M.) are consistent with spin-free octahedral iron(III) complexes. Cyclic voltammetry of ethanol complexes revealed a quasi-reversible one electron redox response (? Ep > 100 mV) for the Fe(III)/Fe(II) couple. Low half wave redox potential ( E1/2) values suggested easy redox susceptibility. The ground state geometries of the ethanol and imidazole complexes have been ascertained to be distorted octahedral by density functional theory using DMol3 program at BLYP/DNP level.

Bhattacharjee, Chira R.; Goswami, Pankaj; Pramanik, Harun A. R.; Paul, Pradip C.; Mondal, Paritosh

2011-05-01

292

Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of new Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, thermal and spectroscopic characterizations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cu(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) complexes were synthesized from 2-[(5-o-chlorophenylazo-2-hydroxybenzylidin)amino]-phenol Schiff base (H2L). Metal ions coordinate in a tetradentate or hexadentate features with these O2N donor ligand, which are characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic moments, infrared, Raman laser, electronic, and 1H NMR spectral studies. The elemental analysis suggests the stoichiometry to be 1:1 (metal:ligand). Reactions with Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II), resulted [Cu(H2L)(H2O)2(Cl)]Cl, [Co(H2L)(H2O)3]Cl2?3H2O and [Ni(H2L)(H2O)2]Cl2?6H2O. The thermal decomposition behavior of H2L complexes has been investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG) at a heating rate of 10 °C min-1 under nitrogen atmosphere. The brightness side in this study is to take advantage for the preparation and characterizations of single phases of CuO, CoO and NiO nanoparticles using H2L complexes as precursors via a solid-state decomposition procedure. The crystalline structures of products using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), morphology of particles by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) were investigated.

Refat, Moamen S.; El-Sayed, Mohamed Y.; Adam, Abdel Majid A.

2013-04-01

293

Electrochemical and quantum chemical studies of N,N'-bis(4-hydroxybenzaldehyde)-2,2-dimethylpropandiimine Schiff base as corrosion inhibitor for low carbon steel in HCl solution.  

PubMed

A synthesized Schiff base N,N'-bis(4-hydroxybenzaldehyde)-2,2-dimethylpropandiimine (p-HBDP) was studied as green inhibitor for the corrosion of low carbon steel in 1 M HCl solution using electrochemical, surface and quantum chemical methods. Results showed that the inhibition occurs through the adsorption of the inhibitor molecules on the metal surface. The inhibition efficiency was found to increase with increasing inhibitor concentration and de-creased with increasing temper-ature, which is due to the fact that the rate of corrosion of steel is higher than the rate of adsorption. Thermodynamic parameters for adsorp-tion and activation processes were determined. Polarization data indicated that this compound act as mixed-type inhibitors and the adsorption isotherm basically obeys the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The calculations of reactivity indices of p-HBDP such as softness and natural charge distributions together with local reactivity by means of Fukui indices were used to explain the electron transfer mechanism between the p-HBDP molecules and the steel surface. PMID:23947700

Jafari, Hojat; Danaee, Iman; Eskandari, Hadi; Rashvandavei, Mehdi

2013-01-01

294

Synthesis, biological and computational study of new Schiff base hydrazones bearing 3-(4-pyridine)-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole moiety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of new Schiff base hydrazones (compounds 1- 16) were synthesized by condensation reaction of 4-amino-3-(4-pyridine)-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole with various aldehydes and/or dialdehydes. The structure of the prepared compounds was confirmed by means of 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-vis, IR and elemental analyses. The all prepared compounds were assayed for antibacterial ( Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) and antifungal ( Candida albicans) activities by disc diffusion method. The results indicate that all tested compounds did not show any antibacterial activity against E. coli, as gram negative bacteria, and antifungal activity against C. albicans. But the compounds 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 containing 4-Cl, 4-Me, 4-MeO, 2,4-di-Cl and 2-OH substituted phenyl moiety, respectively, showed good inhibition against S. aureus as compare to standard drugs. The structure of all biologically active compounds has also been theoretically studied by ab initio Hartree-Fock (HF) methods.

Khanmohammadi, Hamid; Abnosi, Mohammad H.; Hosseinzadeh, Ali; Erfantalab, Malihe

2008-12-01

295

Azide-bridged one-dimensional Mn(III) polymers: effects of side group of Schiff base ligands on structure and magnetism.  

PubMed

By changing ancillary tetradentate Schiff base ligands (L), two new one-dimensional azide-bridged manganese(III) coordination complexes [MnIII(L)(mu1,3-N3)]n [L = 5-Fsalen (1), 5-OCH3 (2); salen = N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-1,2-diaminoethane] as well as a mononuclear complex [MnIII(salophen)(N3)] (3) [salophen = N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-o-phenylenediamine] have been successfully obtained. All of them have been structurally and magnetically characterized. In the structures of 1-3 each MnIII ion is in a distorted octahedral geometry with an obvious Jahn-Teller effect, where the tetradentate L ligands all bind in the equatorial mode, whereas in the axial direction, the N3- ion acts as an end-to-end bridge in 1 and 2 while a terminal group in 3 with a methanol molecule at the other end. Magnetic characterization shows that the mu1,3-bridging azide ion proves to mainly transmit antiferromagnetic interaction between MnIII ions, but these three complexes exhibit various magnetic behaviors at low temperatures. Noteworthily, complex 2 behaves as a weak ferromagnet with a relatively large coercive field of 2.3 kOe, much larger than the value reported previously. PMID:18031035

Yuan, Mei; Zhao, Fei; Zhang, Wen; Wang, Zhe-Ming; Gao, Song

2007-12-24

296

Influence of inductive effects and steric encumbrance on the catecholase activities of copper(II) complexes of reduced Schiff base ligands.  

PubMed

A series of copper(ii) complexes derived from reduced Schiff base ligands has been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic analyses. With the exception of [Cu(Ala5NO2)(H2O)] (), which crystallized as a mononuclear repeating unit, [Cu2L2(H2O)x(DMSO)y]·solvent (L = Ala5H (), Ala5OMe (), Ala5Cl (), Ala5Br (), Gly5Br (), Val5Br () and Leu5Br (), x = 1 or 2, y = 0 or 1, solvent = MeOH or DMSO and H2O) crystallized as phenoxo-bridged dinuclear building units containing Cu2O2 cores. In , , , and , the axial positions are occupied by solvent ligands and carboxylate oxygen atoms from adjacent dimers, resulting in the formation of 1D helical coordination polymers. In , a 2D network is constructed by utilizing weak CuO interactions (?2.7 Å) with carboxylate groups. All complexes have been investigated for their catecholase activities with 3,5-DTBC, and they show significant catalytic activities except for . The catalytic activities are also observed to increase with increasing +I effects, as well as increase with increasing steric bulkiness on the ?-carbon of the carboxylate group. PMID:24435550

Thio, Yude; Yang, Xiandong; Vittal, Jagadese J

2014-03-01

297

Synthesis and characterization of VO(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of chromone based azo-linked Schiff base ligand.  

PubMed

Azo-Schiff-base complexes of VO(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR, mass spectra, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurement, electron spin resonance (EPR), CV, fluorescence, NLO and SEM. The conductance data indicate the nonelectrolytic nature of the complexes, except VO(II) complex which is electrolytic in nature. On the basis of electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility octahedral geometry has been proposed for the complexes. The EPR spectra of copper and oxovanadium complexes in DMSO at 300 and 77K were recorded and its salient features are reported. The redox behavior of the copper(II) complex was studied using cyclic voltammetry. The in vitro antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica typhi, Bacillus subtilis and Candida strains was studied and compared with that of free ligand by well-diffusion technique. The azo Schiff base exhibited fluorescence properties originating from intraligand (?-?(*)) transitions and metal-mediated enhancement is observed on complexation and so the synthesized complexes can serve as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic fluorescence properties. On the basis of the optimized structures, the second-order nonlinear optical properties (NLO) are calculated by using second-harmonic generation (SHG) and also the surface morphology of the complexes was studied by SEM. PMID:22982386

Anitha, C; Sheela, C D; Tharmaraj, P; Johnson Raja, S

2012-12-01

298

Immunoaffinity-based biosensor for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An automated biosensor for 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (OHPG) has been developed using a sensor platform initially designed for aflatoxin. The platform is based on the properties of immunoaffinity for sample purification and concentration, and fluorescence for detection. Experiments have demonstrated capture, wash, elution, and quantitation with very good results. The device is handheld and battery- driven, and can be miniaturized further. The bed volume of the column was 0.1 ml with a capacity of about 400 ng of the OHPG. Analysis time was 10 - 11 minutes. The sensitivity was about 0.5 ppb. The antibodies for the system were developed previously and recognize OHPG. The biosensor relies upon microprocessor-controlled minifluidics and fluorometry.

Bargeron, C. Brent; Benson, Richard C.; Phillips, Terry E.; Scholl, Peter F.; Abubaker, Sala; Groopman, John D.; Strickland, Paul T.

2001-05-01

299

Conductivity and water uptake of aromatic-based proton exchange membrane electrolytes  

SciTech Connect

Water uptake and proton conductivity as a function of temperature were determined for three aromatic-based, sulfonic acid-bearing polymers, plus the perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid Nafion{reg_sign} 117. Water uptake of submerged, equilibrated samples ranged from less than five water molecules per acid group for a high equivalent weight, sulfonated polyethersulfone to almost fifty waters per acid for a low equivalent weight, sulfonated polyetheretherketone. The most conductive aromatic-based polymer, sulfonated polyphenylquinoxaline (S-PPQ), had a room temperature conductivity of 9.8 x 10{sup {minus}3} S/cm, about an order of magnitude less than that of a perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid under identical conditions. The slope of the S-PPQ Arrhenius conductivity plot was sufficiently steep that at 180 C, the proton conductivity, 1.3 x 10{sup {minus}1} S/cm, was only a factor of two lower than that of Nafion under similar conditions. The lower conductivity of the aromatic-based sulfonic acid polymers can be attributed to chain rigidity, lack of ion channels, and lower acidity.

Kopitzke, R.W.; Linkous, C.A.; Anderson, H.R.; Nelson, G.L.

2000-05-01

300

Synthesis, SAR Study and Evaluation of Mannich and Schiff Bases of Pyrazol-5(4H)-one Moiety Containing 3-(Hydrazinyl)-2-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one  

PubMed Central

In the present investigation, a series of 12 Mannich bases (QP1-12) and 5 Schiff bases (QSP1-5) of pyrazol-5(4H)-one moiety containing 3-(hydrazinyl)-2-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one has been synthesized and characterized by physicochemical as well as spectral means. The synthesized Mannich and Schiff bases were screened for their preliminary antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial as well as fungal strains by the determination of zone of inhibition. Mannich bases (QP1-12) were found to be more potent antibacterial agents against Gram-positive bacteria, whereas Schiff bases (QSP1-5) were more potent against Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Minimum inhibitory concentration result demonstrated that Mannich base compound (QP7) having ortho -OH and para -COOH group showed some improvement in antibacterial activity (minimum inhibitory concentration of 48.88×10?3 ?M/ml) among the tested Gram-positive organisms and it also exhibit minimum inhibitory concentration of value of 12.22×10?3 ?M/ml for Klebsiella pneumoniae. The antitubercular activity of synthesized compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (H37Rv) was determined using microplate alamar blue assay. Compound QP11 showed appreciable antitubercular activity (minimum inhibitory concentration of 6.49×10?3 ?M/ml) which was more active than the standard drugs, ethambutol (minimum inhibitory concentration of 7.60×10?3 ?M/ml) and ciprofloxacin (9.4×10?3 ?M/ml). Compounds QP11, QP9, QSP1, QSP2, and QSP5 have good selective index and may be selected as a lead compound for the development of novel antitubercular agents. PMID:24302802

Sivakumar, K. K.; Rajasekharan, A.; Rao, R.; Narasimhan, B.

2013-01-01

301

Cellular and computational studies of proteasome inhibition and apoptosis induction in human cancer cells by amino acid Schiff base-copper complexes.  

PubMed

Proliferation and apoptosis pathways are tightly regulated in a cell by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and alterations in the UPS may result in cellular transformation or other pathological conditions. Indeed, the proteasome is often found to be overactive in cancer cells. It has also been found that cancer cells are more sensitive to proteasome inhibition than normal cells, and therefore proteasome inhibitors are pursued as antitumor drugs. The use of the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib for treatment of multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma has proved this principle. Recent studies have suggested that copper complexes can inhibit proteasome activity and induce apoptosis in some human cancer cells. However, the involved molecular mechanism is unknown. In this study, we investigated the biological activities of four amino acid Schiff base-copper(II) complexes by using human breast (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7) and prostate (PC-3) cancer cells. The complexes C1 and C3, but not their counterparts C2 and C4, inhibit the chymotrypsin-like activity of purified 20S proteasome and human cancer cellular 26S proteasome, cause accumulation of proteasome target proteins Bax and I?B-?, and induce growth inhibition and apoptosis in concentration- and time-dependent manners. Docking analysis shows that C1, but not C2 has hydrophobic, pi-pi, pi-cation and hydrogen bond interactions with the proteasomal chymotrypsin-like pocket and could stably fit into the S3 region, leading to specific inhibition. Our study has identified the mechanism of action of these copper complexes on inhibiting tumor cell proteasome and suggested their great potential as novel anticancer agents. PMID:23142973

Zuo, Jian; Bi, Caifeng; Fan, Yuhua; Buac, Daniela; Nardon, Chiara; Daniel, Kenyon G; Dou, Q Ping

2013-01-01

302

Spectroscopic studies of bimetallic complexes derived from tridentate or tetradentate Schiff bases of some di- and tri-valent transition metals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two series of new binuclear complexes with Schiff base ligands, H 4L a or H 2L b, derived from the reaction of 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and ethylenediamine, in the molar ratio 1:1 and 1:2 have been prepared, respectively. The two ligands react with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Cr(III) and Fe(III)-nitrates to get binuclear complexes. The ligands were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR and mass spectra. The complexes were synthesized by direct and template methods. Different types of products were obtained for the same ligand and metal salts according to the method of preparation. The H 4L a ligand behaves as a macrocyclic tetrabasic with two N 2O 2 sits, while the H 2L b ligand behaves as a dibasic with two N 2O sites. The H 4L a ligand is a compartmental ligand which hosts the two metal ions at the centers of two cis-N 2O 2 sites, while the metal complexes of H 2L b ligand are binuclear, where the ligand hosts two metal ions at the centers of two N 2O sites. In both cases, deprotonation of the hydrogen atoms of the phenolic OH groups occur except in the case of the Ni(II), Fe(III) and Cr(III) complexes. Electronic spectra and magnetic moments of the complexes indicate that the geometries of the metal centers are either octahedral or tetrahedral. The structures are consistent with the IR, UV-vis, ESR, 1H NMR, mass spectra, and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA/DTA) as well as conductivity and magnetic moment measurements.

Emara, Adel A. A.; Abou-Hussen, Azza A. A.

2006-07-01

303

Effect of structure and composition of nickel(II) complexes with salicylidene Schiff base ligands on their DNA/protein interaction and cytotoxicity.  

PubMed

Three new salicylidene Schiff base nickel(II) complexes [Ni(L(1))(CH3COOH)2]2 (1), [Ni2(L(1))2(CH3OH)] (2), [Ni(L(2))2]·3H2O (3) {H2L(1)=N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-3,6-dioxa-1,8-diaminooctane, HL(2)=2-ethyl-2-(2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)propane-1,3-diol} were synthesized and characterized fully by structural, analytical, and spectral methods. The single-crystal X-ray structures of complexes 1 and 2 exhibit the symmetrical ligands coordinated to the nickel(II) ion in a tetradentate fashion via ONNO donor atoms, while the unsymmetrical ligand L(2) presented a ONO tridentate coordination mode in complex 3. The nickel(II) ions lie in the six-coordinated octahedral environment for the mononuclear complexes 1 and 3, along with dinuclear complex 2. The interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been explored by absorption and emission titration methods, which revealed that complexes 1-3 could interact with CT-DNA through intercalation. The interactions of the complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were also investigated using UV-Vis, fluorescence and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopic methods. The results indicated that all of the complexes could quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA in a static quenching process. Further, the in vitro cytotoxic effect of the complexes examined on cancerous cell lines such as human lung carcinoma cell line (A549), human colon carcinoma cell lines (HCT-116), human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) and colonic cancer cell line Caco-2 showed that all three complexes exhibited substantial cytotoxic activity. PMID:24838006

Li, Peng; Niu, MeiJu; Hong, Min; Cheng, Shuang; Dou, JianMin

2014-08-01

304

Spectroscopic, thermal characterization and cytotoxic activity of bi-, tri- and tetra-nuclear Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes with diSchiff base ligands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper; new di-, tri-, and tetra-nuclear Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of N,N?-bis(3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)ethan-1,2-diamine (EDH4), N,N?-bis(3,4-dihydroxy-benzylidene)-benzene-1,2-diamine (PDH4) and N,N?-bis-(3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)-4,5-dimethyl-1,2-diamine (MPDH4) ligands were synthesized by two different methods. The first method involve the synthesis of the three ligands from condensation reaction of 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (L?H2) with ethylenediamine (en), o-phenylenediamine (o-PD), or 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylendiamine (DMPD) in a mole ratio of 2:1 followed by the reaction of the resulting Schiff bases ligands with Pd(II) or Pt(II) ions in the presence of 2,2?-dipyridyl (L) to form the di- and tri-nuclear metal complexes. The second method involve the condensation of the Pd complex LPd(II)L?, (L = 2,2?-dipyridyl, L? = 4-formylbenzene-1,2-bis(olate)) with en, o-PD, or DMPD in a mole ratio of 2:1, respectively, followed by reaction with PdCl2 to form di-, tri-, and tetra-nuclear palladium(II) complexes, respectively. Structures of ligands and metal complexes are characterized by physical properties, FT-IR spectra and nuclear magnetic resonance. The geometries of metal complexes are suggested according to elemental analysis, electronic absorption spectra, thermal analysis, atomic absorption, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductance. Cytotoxic activity against lung large cell carcinoma (H460), prostate carcinoma (DU145), breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), amelanotic melanoma (M-14), colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29), and chronic myelogenous leukemia (K562) is also reported.

Hegazy, Wael Hussein

2014-10-01

305

A simple procedure for crystallization of the Schiff reagent.  

PubMed

Formation of crystals in Schiff reagents prepared from SO2 gas previously has been reported either soon after preparation, using high dye concentrations and heating, or after long periods of storage at room temperature. With the first type of procedure only a low yield of crystals accompanied by dye precipitation was obtained. Crystallization without dye precipitation took place if the reagent, prepared with pararosaniline base or chloride in a saturated SO2 solution, was stored for a sufficient time at room temperature in partly filled flasks. These crystals remained colorless if washed with acid alcohol after being separated by filtration. Schiff reagents layered with paraffin oil or supplemented with 0.1 M hydroquinone took much longer to crystallize, suggesting that crystallization is promoted by the partial oxidation of sulfurous acid to sulfuric acid. A high yield of crystals can be obtained at room temperature after as little as 24 hr by adding 0.04 M of H2SO4 to a Schiff reagent prepared with 2% pararosaniline chloride in a saturated SO2 solution. A Schiff reagent prepared with only 0.2% of these crystals gives an intense staining in the Feulgen and in the Periodic acid-Schiff reactions. PMID:8393350

Galassi, L

1993-05-01

306

Novel mixed ligand complexes of bioactive Schiff base (E)-4-(phenyl (phenylimino) methyl) benzene-1,3-diol and 2-aminophenol/2-aminobenzoic acid: synthesis, spectral characterization, antimicrobial and nuclease studies.  

PubMed

A novel bidentate Schiff base ligand has been synthesized using 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone and aniline. Its mixed ligand complexes of MAB type [M=Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II); HA=Schiff base and B=2-aminophenol/2-aminobenzoic acid] have been synthesized and characterized on the basis of spectral data UV-Vis, IR, (1)H NMR, FAB-Mass, EPR, SEM and magnetic studies. All the complexes were soluble in DMF and DMSO. Elemental analysis and molar conductance values indicate that the complexes are non-electrolytes. HA binds with M(II) ions through azomethine and deprotonated phenolic group and B binds through the primary amine group and deprotonated phenolic/carboxylic groups. Using FAB-Mass the cleavage pattern of the ligand (HA) has been established. All the complexes adopt octahedral geometry around the metal ions. It has been confirmed with the help of UV-Vis, IR, (1)H NMR and FAB-Mass spectral data. DNA binding activities of the complexes 1d and 2d are studied by UV-Vis spectroscopy and cleavage studies of Schiff base ligand and its complexes 1d and 2d have been by agarose gel electrophoresis method. In vitro biological activities of the free ligand (HA) and their metal complexes (1a-1e and 2a-2e) were screened against few bacteria, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus saphyphiticus, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungi Aspergillus niger, Enterobacter species, Candida albicans by well diffusion technique. PMID:23981416

Subbaraj, P; Ramu, A; Raman, N; Dharmaraja, J

2014-01-01

307

13C, 15N NMR and CP-MAS as well as FT-IR and PM5 studies of Schiff base of gossypol with L-phenylalanine methyl ester in solution and solid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff bases of racemic gossypol with L-phenylalanine amino acid methyl ester (GSBA) was studied by FT-IR, 13C and 15N NMR spectroscopy as well as by the PM5 semiempirical method. The spectroscopic methods have provided clear evidence that GSBA exists in the solid state and in solution as enamine-enamine tautomer. The existence of diastereoisomers is very well evidenced in the 13C NMR spectra in the solution by the double character of all carbon atoms' signals of the naphthalene rings. The structure of GSBA and the hydrogen bonds within this structure are discussed.

Przybylski, Piotr; Schilf, Wojciech; Brzezinski, Bogumi?

2005-01-01

308

Mixed?Ligand Complexes of a Schiff Base, 8?Hydroxyquinoline and Oxalic Acid with Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Fe(III) Ions: Pyrolytic Products and Biological Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Binary mononuclear complexes of the Schiff base ligand 1,4?di(hydroxybenzylidene)thiosemicarbazide (H2L) and the transition metal ions Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Fe(III) were prepared in the presence of various molar ratios of LiOH. The binary complexes react with 8?hydroxyquinoline (8?HOqu) and oxalic acid (H2Ox) to form mixed?ligand complexes. The mixed ligand complexes were prepared by using various molar ratios of LiOH. The

Mahmoud M. Mashaly; A. A. Faheim

2004-01-01

309

Synthesis and characterization of a copper(II) complex of a ONN donor Schiff base ligand derived from pyridoxal and 2-(pyrid-2-yl)ethylamine - A novel pyridoxal based fluorescent probe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The title complex, Cu(LH)Cl2 is the first copper(II) complex with a Schiff base derived from pyridoxal and 2-(pyrid-2-yl)ethylamine. The central metal lies in a distorted square pyramidal environment with basal plane occupied by the tridentate ONN donor ligand and a Cl atom. The apical position is occupied by another Cl atom. The existence of two different kinds of H-bonds stabilize the network that propagates as parallel layers along crystallographic b axis. The compound exhibits an irreversible CuII/CuI couple in DMF. As pyridoxal containing moieties are fluorescent in nature, its potential as a fluorescent probe is cultivated. Copper(II) ion effectively quenches the fluorescence of HL and the association constant for Cu(II) was estimated to be 10.8 × 104 M-1 in methanol by the linear Benesi-Hildebrand equation.

Mandal, Senjuti; Modak, Ritwik; Goswami, Sanchita

2013-04-01

310

Disassembly kinetics of quinone-methide-based self-immolative spacers that contain aromatic nitrogen heterocycles.  

PubMed

We prepared several pyridine- and pyrimidine-based self-immolative spacer groups to evaluate the significance of the resonance energy of the spacer aromatic ring on the kinetics of 1,4- and 1,6-elimination reactions, which govern spacer disassembly. Subsequently, we relied on a photoactivation procedure to accurately analyze the disassembly kinetics. Beyond providing new results that are relevant for deriving quantitative structure-property relationships, herein, we demonstrate that pH value can be used as an efficient parameter to finely control the disassembly time of a self-immolative spacer after an initial activation. PMID:24652669

Alouane, Ahmed; Labruère, Raphaël; Silvestre, Katherine J; Le Saux, Thomas; Schmidt, Frédéric; Jullien, Ludovic

2014-05-01

311

Identification of the structural determinants for the stability of substrate and aminoacrylate external Schiff bases in O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase-A.  

PubMed

O-Acetylserine sulfhydrylase is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the final step in the cysteine biosynthetic pathway in enteric bacteria and plants, the replacement of the beta-acetoxy group of O-acetyl-L-serine (OAS) by a thiol to give L-cysteine. Previous studies of the K41A mutant enzyme showed L-methionine bound in an external Schiff base (ESB) linkage to PLP as the enzyme was isolated. The mutant enzyme exists in a closed form, optimizing the orientation of the cofactor PLP and properly positioning active site functional groups for reaction. The trigger for closing the active site upon formation of the ESB is thought to be interaction of the substrate alpha-carboxylate with the substrate-binding loop comprised of T68, S69, G70, and N71, and Q142, which is positioned above the cofactor as one looks into the active site. To probe the contribution of these residues to the active site closing and orientation of PLP in the ESB, T68, S69, N71, and Q142 were changed to alanine. Absorbance, fluorescence, near UV-visible CD, and (31)P NMR spectral studies and pre-steady state kinetic studies were used to characterize the mutant enzymes. All of the mutations affect closure of the active site, but to differing extents. In addition, the site appears to be more hydrophilic given that the ESBs do not exhibit a significant amount of the enolimine tautomer. No buildup of the alpha-aminoacrylate intermediate (AA) is observed for the T68A and Q142A mutant enzymes. However, pyruvate is produced at a rate much greater than that of the wild-type enzyme. Data suggest that T68 and Q142 play a role in stabilizing the AA. Both residues donate a hydrogen bond to one of the carboxylate oxygens of the methionine ESB and may also be responsible for the proper orientation of the ESB to generate the AA. The S69A and N71A mutants exhibit formation of the AA, but the rate constant for its formation from the ESB is decreased by 1 order of magnitude compared to that of the wild type. S69 donates a hydrogen bond to the substrate carboxylate in the ESB, while N71 donates hydrogen bonds to O3' of the cofactor and the carboxylate of the ESB; these side chains may also affect the orientation of the ESB. Data suggest that interaction of intermediates with the substrate-binding loop and Q142 gives a properly aligned Michaelis complex and facilitates the beta-elimination reaction. PMID:20550197

Tian, Hui; Guan, Rong; Salsi, Enea; Campanini, Barbara; Bettati, Stefano; Kumar, Vidya Prasanna; Karsten, William E; Mozzarelli, Andrea; Cook, Paul F

2010-07-27

312

Spectral Characterization and 3D Molecular Modeling Studies of Metal Complexes Involving the O, N-Donor Environment of Quinazoline-4(3H)-one Schiff Base and Their Biological Studies  

PubMed Central

A simple condensation of 3-amino-2-methylquinazoline-4-one with 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde produced new tridentate ONO donor Schiff base ligand with efficient yield. The structural characterization of ligand and its Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II) complexes were achieved by the aid of elemental analysis, spectral characterization such as (UV-visible, IR, NMR, mass, and ESR), and magnetic data. The analytical and spectroscopic studies suggest the octahedral geometries of Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Mn(II) complexes and tetrahedral geometry of Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes with the tridentate ONO Schiff base ligand. Furthermore, the conclusions drawn from these studies afford further support to the mode of bonding discussed on the basis of their 3D molecular modeling studies by considering different bond lengths, bond angles, and bond distance. The ligand and its metal complexes evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC number 7443), Bacillus subtilis (MTCC number 9878), Escherichia coli (MTCC number 1698), Aspergillus niger (MTCC number 281), and Aspergillus flavus (MTCC number 277). The MIC of these compounds was found to be most active at 10??g/mL concentration in inhibiting the growth of the tested organisms. The DNA cleavage activity of all the complexes was studied by gel electrophoresis method. PMID:24678278

Siddappa, Kuruba; Mane, Sunilkumar B.

2014-01-01

313

Synthesis, spectral characterization, solution equilibria, in vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of Cu(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) complexes with Schiff base derived from 5-bromosalicylaldehyde and 2-aminomethylthiophene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schiff base namely 2-aminomethylthiophenyl-4-bromosalicylaldehyde (ATS)(4-bromo-2-(thiophen-2-yl-imino)methylphenol) and its metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance, mass spectra, ESR and thermal analysis (TGA). The analytical data of the complexes show the formation of 1:2 [M:L] ratio of the formula [ML 2], where M represents Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cu(II) ions, while L represents the deprotonated Schiff base. IR spectra show that ATS is coordinated to the metal ions in a bidentate manner through azomethine-N and phenolic-oxygen groups. The ligand and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities using the disc diffusion method against the selected bacteria. A cytotoxicity of the compounds against colon (HCT116) and larynx (HEP2) cancer cells have been studied. Protonation constants of (ATS) ligand and stability constants of its Cu 2+, Co 2+, Mn 2+, Zn 2+ and Ni 2+ complexes were determined by potentiometric titration method in 50% (v/v) DMSO-water solution at ionic strength of 0.1 M NaNO 3.

El-Sherif, Ahmed A.; Eldebss, Taha M. A.

2011-09-01

314

Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of homo-binuclear, alkoxo bridged homo- and hetero-tetranuclear metal complexes of a bis-N2O4 Schiff base ligand derived from ethanolamine and macroacyclic tetranaphthaldehyde.  

PubMed

Three new homo-binuclear Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) complexes (2-4), homo-tetranuclear Cu(II) complex (5), and hetero-tetranuclear Cu(II)-Ni(II) complex (6) of a macroacyclic potentially bis-hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base have been synthesized. The imino-alcohol ligand, H4L was obtained by the condensation of ethanolamine with 2,2'-[2,3-bis(1-formyl-2-naphthyloxymethyl)-but-2-ene-1,4-diyldioxy]bis(naphthalene-1-carbaldehyde). The structures of both the Schiff base and its complexes have been proposed by elemental analyses, spectroscopic data i.e. IR, 1H and 13C NMR, UV-vis, electrospray ionisation mass spectra, molar conductivities and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The ligand has two similar compartments to bind first primary two metal ions, and acts bi- or tetra-negative, bis-tetradentate forming five membered chelate ring. However, secondary two metal ions (either Cu2+ or Ni2+) are ligated with dianionic oxygen atoms of the alcohol groups and are linked to the 1,10-phenanthroline-nitrogen atoms in the tetranuclear complexes (5 and 6). PMID:21550297

Karao?lu, Kaan; Baran, Talat; De?irmencio?lu, Ismail; Serbest, Kerim

2011-09-01

315

Synthesis, spectral characterization, solution equilibria, in vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of Cu(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) complexes with Schiff base derived from 5-bromosalicylaldehyde and 2-aminomethylthiophene.  

PubMed

Schiff base namely 2-aminomethylthiophenyl-4-bromosalicylaldehyde (ATS)(4-bromo-2-(thiophen-2-yl-imino)methylphenol) and its metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance, mass spectra, ESR and thermal analysis (TGA). The analytical data of the complexes show the formation of 1:2 [M:L] ratio of the formula [ML2], where M represents Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cu(II) ions, while L represents the deprotonated Schiff base. IR spectra show that ATS is coordinated to the metal ions in a bidentate manner through azomethine-N and phenolic-oxygen groups. The ligand and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities using the disc diffusion method against the selected bacteria. A cytotoxicity of the compounds against colon (HCT116) and larynx (HEP2) cancer cells have been studied. Protonation constants of (ATS) ligand and stability constants of its Cu2+, Co2+, Mn2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ complexes were determined by potentiometric titration method in 50% (v/v) DMSO-water solution at ionic strength of 0.1 M NaNO3. PMID:21705267

El-Sherif, Ahmed A; Eldebss, Taha M A

2011-09-01

316

Simultaneous trace-levels determination of Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions in various samples using a modified carbon paste electrode based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes and a new synthesized Schiff base.  

PubMed

A modified carbon paste electrode based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and 3-(4-methoxybenzylideneamino)-2-thioxothiazolodin-4-one as a new synthesized Schiff base was constructed for the simultaneous determination of trace amounts of Hg(II) and Pb(II) by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry. The modified electrode showed an excellent selectivity and stability for Hg(II) and Pb(II) determinations and for accelerated electron transfer between the electrode and the analytes. The electrochemical properties and applications of the modified electrode were studied. Operational parameters such as pH, deposition potential and deposition time were optimized for the purpose of determination of traces of metal ions at pH 3.0. Under optimal conditions the limits of detection, based on three times the background noise, were 9.0×10(-4) and 6.0×10(-4) ?mol L(-1) for Hg(II) and Pb(II) with a 90 s preconcentration, respectively. In addition, the modified electrode displayed a good reproducibility and selectivity, making it suitable for the simultaneous determination of Hg(II) and Pb(II) in real samples such as sea water, waste water, tobacco, marine and human teeth samples. PMID:22975186

Afkhami, Abbas; Bagheri, Hasan; Khoshsafar, Hosein; Saber-Tehrani, Mohammad; Tabatabaee, Masoumeh; Shirzadmehr, Ali

2012-10-01

317

Shape-selective separation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by reversed-phase liquid chromatography on tetraphenylporphyrin-based stationary phases.  

PubMed

The reversed-phase chromatographic behavior of planar and non-planar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is investigated on tetraphenylporphyrin and two metallotetraphenylporphyrin [Sn(IV), In(III)] bonded stationary phases using methanol-water and acetonitrile-water as mixed solvent mobile phases. Large differences in the capacity factors of aromatic solute pairs having the same number of carbon atoms, but differing in three-dimensional shape (e.g., triphenylene/o-terphenyl and perylene/alpha, alpha'-binaphthyl), suggest that the three tetraphenylporphyrin-based supports possess shape selectivity toward small planar aromatic solutes. Capacity factors for planar PAH solutes on these supports are significantly greater than for non-planar polyaryls having the same number of carbon atoms. PMID:8349741

Kibbey, C E; Meyerhoff, M E

1993-07-01

318

TMP-cadmiate: A base for Efficient and Chemoselective Deprotonative Metallation Reactions of Aromatic Compounds  

E-print Network

of functionalized aromatics including heterocycles have been realized using TMP-cadmiate, (TMP)3CdLi (TMP = 2,2, and pyrrole derivatives) and even aromatic aza-heterocycles (pyridine, diazine compounds). Some heterocycles lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide (LiTMP) and lithium diisopropylamide (LiDA)) have been largely

Boyer, Edmond

319

Design and screening of ASIC inhibitors based on aromatic diamidines for combating neurological disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acid sensing ion channels (ASICs) are implicated in various brain functions including learning and memory and are involved in a number of neurological disorders such as pain, ischemic stroke, depression, and multiple sclerosis. We have recently defined ASICs as one of receptor targets of aromatic diamidines in neurons. Aromatic diamidines are DNA-binding agents and have long been used in the

Xuanmao Chen; Beverley A. Orser; John F. MacDonald

2010-01-01

320

Development of an optode for detection of trace amounts of Hg2+ in different real samples based on immobilization of novel tetradentate Schiff bases bearing two thiol groups in PVC membrane.  

PubMed

A very sensitive and reversible optical chemical sensor based on a novel tetradentate Schiff base namely N.N(/)bis(2-aminothiophenol)benzene-1,2-dicarboxaldehyde (ATBD) immobilized within a plasticized PVC film for Hg(2+) determination is described. At optimum conditions (i.e. pH 6.0), the proposed sensor displayed a linear response to Hg(2+) over 1.0 × 10(-10) - 1.0 × 10(-2) mol L(-1) with a limit of detection of 7.23 × 10(-11) mol L(-1) (0.0145 ?gL(-1)). Moreover, the results revealed that, under batch condition, the sensor is fully reversible within a response time ~ 35 s. In addition to its high stability and reproducibility, the sensor showed good selectivity towards Hg(2+) ion with respect to common metal cations. The sensor was successfully applied for determination of Hg(2+) ion in some real samples, including hair, urine and well water samples. The results were in good correlation with the data obtained using cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry. PMID:24519104

Aziz, Ayman A Abdel; Mohammed, Soha F; El Gamel, Magdy M

2014-05-01

321

Organotin(IV) complexes derived from Schiff base N'-[(1E)-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]pyridine-4-carbohydrazone: Synthesis, in vitro cytotoxicities and DNA/BSA interaction.  

PubMed

Five organotin(IV) compounds were synthesized from N'-[(1E)-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]pyridine-4-carbohydrazone and the corresponding dialkyltin(IV) or trialkyltin(IV) precursor. Solid state structures were determined by IR, elemental analysis, NMR spectroscopy, and for 1, 2, 4 and 5 single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 1, 2 and 4 are monomers with the tin atoms five-coordinated in distorted trigonal bipyramid, of which the deprotonated Schiff base ligand chelate to tin center in the enolic tridentate mode. Differently, in compound 5, the enolization does not occur for the Schiff base ligand, and only the pyridinyl N atom and the deprotonated phenol hydroxyl oxygen atom participate in the coordination. Fascinatingly, six trimethyltin(IV) coordination units are linked by the Sn?N weak interaction atoms and form a 72-membered crown-like macrocycle. Preliminary in vitro cytotoxicity studies on five human tumor cells lines (HL-60, A549, HT-29, HCT-116 and Caco-2) by MTT assay reveal that di-n-butyltin(IV) complex 2 and diphenyltin(IV) complex 4 triggered significant antiproliferative effects in cultured tumor cells, and their cytotoxic activity correlates with intracellular organotin(IV) concentration. The interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been explored by absorption and emission titration methods, which revealed that complexes 2 and 4 interact with CT-DNA through groove-binding and partial intercalation of the extended planar ligand with the DNA base stack. Further, the albumin interactions of complexes 2 and 4 were investigated using fluorescence quenching spectra and synchronous fluorescence spectra. Studies reveal that di-n-butyltin(IV) complex 2 with higher cytotoxicity show stronger DNA/BSA interaction than diphenyltin(IV) complex 4. PMID:25216377

Hong, Min; Geng, Honglin; Niu, Meiju; Wang, Fei; Li, Dacheng; Liu, Jifeng; Yin, Handong

2014-10-30

322

Cobalt(II), Nickel(II) and Copper(II) complexes of a tetradentate Schiff base as photosensitizers: Quantum yield of 1O2 generation and its promising role in anti-tumor activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present investigation, a Schiff base N'1,N'3-bis[(E)-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]benzene-1,3-dicarbohydrazide and its metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized. The DNA-binding studies were performed using absorption spectroscopy, emission spectra, viscosity measurements and thermal denatuaration studies. The experimental evidence indicated that, the Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes interact with calf thymus DNA through intercalation with an intrinsic binding constant Kb of 2.6 × 104 M-1, 5.7 × 104 M-1 and 4.5 × 104 M-1, respectively and they exhibited potent photodamage abilities on pUC19 DNA, through singlet oxygen generation with quantum yields of 0.32, 0.27 and 0.30 respectively. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes resulted that they act as a potent photosensitizers for photochemical reactions.

Pradeepa, S. M.; Bhojya Naik, H. S.; Vinay Kumar, B.; Indira Priyadarsini, K.; Barik, Atanu; Ravikumar Naik, T. R.

2013-01-01

323

Synthesis and X-ray structure analysis of a new binuclear Schiff base Co(II) complex with the ligand N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-butanediamine  

SciTech Connect

The title binuclear complex, tris[N,N-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane] dicobalt(II), C{sub 60}H{sub 70}Co{sub 2}N{sub 6}O{sub 15}, was prepared by the reaction of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane and Co(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 2} . 4H{sub 2}O in a ethanol solution and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This complex has a dinuclear structure where two Co(II) ions are bridged by one N{sup 0},N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane. The two Co(II) ions, have two distorted octahedral coordination involving two O and two N atoms.

Nasr-Esfahani, M., E-mail: m-nasresfahani@iaun.ac.ir [Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Department of Materials Science and Engineering (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2009-12-15

324

In vitro DNA binding, pBR322 plasmid cleavage and molecular modeling study of chiral benzothiazole Schiff-base-valine Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes to evaluate their enantiomeric biological disposition for molecular target DNA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bicyclic heterocyclic compounds viz. benzothiazoles are key components of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules and participate directly in the encoding of genetic information. Benzothiazoles, therefore, represent a potent and selective class of antitumor compounds. The design and synthesis of chiral antitumor chemotherapeutic agents of Cu(II) and Zn(II), L- and -D benzothiazole Schiff base-valine complexes 1a &b and 2a &b, respectively were carried out and thoroughly characterized by spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Interaction of 1a and b and 2a and b with CT DNA by employing UV-vis, florescence, circular dichroic methods and cleavage studies of 1a with pBR322 plasmid, molecular docking were done in order to demonstrate their enantiomeric disposition toward the molecular drug target DNA. Interestingly, these studies unambiguously demonstrated the greater potency of L-enantiomer in comparison to D-enantiomer.

Alizadeh, Rahman; Afzal, Mohd; Arjmand, Farukh

2014-10-01

325

Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and biological activities of N4O2 Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff base ligand, bis(indoline-2-one)triethylenetetramine (L) obtained from condensation of triethylenetetramine and isatin was used to synthesize the complexes of type, [ML]Cl2 [M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)]. L was characterized on the basis of the results of elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, mass spectroscopic studies. The stoichiometry, bonding and stereochemistries of complexes were ascertained on the basis of results of elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility values, molar conductance and various spectroscopic studies. EPR, UV-vis and magnetic moments revealed an octahedral geometry for complexes. L and its Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity. Analgesic activity of Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes was also tested in rats by tail flick method. Both complexes were found to possess good antibacterial and moderate analgesic activity.

Al-Resayes, Saud I.; Shakir, Mohammad; Abbasi, Ambreen; Amin, Kr. Mohammad Yusuf; Lateef, Abdul

326

Polycrystalline ZnO and Mn-doped ZnO nanorod arrays with variable dopant content via a template based synthesis from Zn(II) and Mn(II) Schiff base type single source molecular precursors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The synthesis and full characterisation of pure and Mn-doped polycrystalline zinc oxide nanorods with tailored dopant content are obtained via a single source molecular precursor approach using two Schiff base type coordination compounds is reported. The infiltration of precursor solutions into the cylindrical pores of a polycarbonate template and their thermal conversion into a ceramic green body followed by dissolution of the template gives the desired ZnO and Mn-doped ZnO nanomaterial as compact rods. The ZnO nanorods have a mean diameter between 170 and 180 nm or 60-70 nm, depending on the template pore size employed, comprising a length of 5-6 ?m. These nanorods are composed of individual sub-5 nm ZnO nanocrystals. Exact doping of these hierarchically structured ZnO nanorods was achieved by introducing Mn(II) into the ZnO host lattice with the precursor complex Diaquo-bis[2-(meth-oxyimino)-propanoato]manganese, which allows to tailor the exact Mn(II) doping content of the ZnO rods. Investigation of the Mn-doped ZnO samples by XRD, TEM, XPS, PL and EPR, reveals that manganese occurs exclusively in its oxidation state + II and is distributed within the volume as well as on the surface of the ZnO host.

Pashchanka, Mikhail; Hoffmann, Rudolf C.; Burghaus, Olaf; Corzilius, Björn; Cherkashinin, Gennady; Schneider, Jörg J.

2011-01-01

327

Lone pair ... pi interactions between water oxygens and aromatic residues: quantum chemical studies based on high-resolution protein structures and model compounds.  

PubMed

The pi electron cloud of aromatic centers is known to be involved in several noncovalent interactions such as C--H...pi, O--H...pi, and pi...pi interactions in biomolecules. Lone-pair (lp) ... pi interactions have gained attention recently and their role in biomolecular structures is being recognized. In this article, we have carried out systematic analysis of high-resolution protein structures and identified more than 400 examples in which water oxygen atoms are in close contact (distance < 3.5 A) with the aromatic centers of aromatic residues. Three different methods were used to build hydrogen atoms and we used a consensus approach to find out potential candidates for lp...pi interactions between water oxygen and aromatic residues. Quantum mechanical calculations at MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level on model systems based on protein structures indicate that majority of the identified examples have energetically favorable interactions. The influence of water hydrogen atoms was investigated by sampling water orientations as a function of two parameters: distance from the aromatic center and the angle between the aromatic plane and the plane formed by the three water atoms. Intermolecular potential surfaces were constructed using six model compounds representing the four aromatic amino acids and 510 different water orientations for each model compound. Ab initio molecular orbital calculations at MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level show that the interaction energy is favorable even when hydrogen atoms are farthest from the aromatic plane while water oxygen is pointing toward the aromatic center. The strength of such interaction depends upon the distance of water hydrogen atoms from the aromatic substituents. Our calculations clearly show that the lp...pi interactions due to the close approach of water oxygen and aromatic center are influenced by the positions of water hydrogen atoms and the aromatic substituents. PMID:19241386

Jain, Alok; Ramanathan, Venkatnarayan; Sankararamakrishnan, Ramasubbu

2009-03-01

328

A new approach for aromaticity criterion based on electrostatic field gradient.  

PubMed

In this research, electric field gradient (EFG), which is the first derivative of electric field, is applied for evaluation of aromaticity of 89 cyclic organic compounds. In our calculations, DFT procedure (b3lyp) with basis set 6-311++G has been employed, and the obtained electronic structures and frequency test has been done for optimized geometries. The aromaticity evaluated for these compounds by EFG procedure is successfully compared with other well-known indices in literature, especially with nuclear independent chemical shift (NICS). These comparisons show that EFG method of assessment of aromaticity can be used as a rather valid procedure for this purpose. Flexibility and simplicity of EFG make this method a rather easy procedure for assessment of aromaticity. Since EFG method of aromaticity evaluation does not need specific programming and it can be done by known software such as Gaussian, therefore, the availability for everyone to calculate desired aromaticity by this method is one of attractive feature of it similar to NICS. PMID:21153907

Heydar Pakiari, Ali; Bagheri, Narges

2011-08-01

329

Aromatic carboxylate effect on dimensionality of three bis(benzimidazole)-based cobalt(II) coordination polymers: Syntheses, structures and properties  

SciTech Connect

Three new metal-organic coordination polymers [Co(4-bbc){sub 2}(bbbm)] (1), [Co(3,5-pdc)(bbbm)]·2H{sub 2}O (2) and [Co(1,4-ndc)(bbbm)] (3) (4-Hbbc=4-bromobenzoic acid, 3,5-H{sub 2}pdc=3,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 1,4-H{sub 2}ndc=1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid and bbbm=1,1-(1,4-butanediyl)bis-1H-benzimidazole) were hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. Polymer 1 is a 1D chain formed by the bbbm ligands and Co{sup II} ions. Polymer 2 exhibits a 2D network with a (3·4·5)(3{sup 2}·4·5·6{sup 2}·7{sup 4}) topology. Polymer 3 possesses a 3D three-fold interpenetrating framework. The versatile structures of title polymers indicate that the aromatic carboxylates have an important influence on the dimensionality of 1–3. Moreover, the thermal stability, electrochemical and luminescent properties of 1–3 were investigated. - graphical abstract: Three bis(benzimidazole)-based cobalt(II) coordination polymers tuned by aromatic carboxylates were hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. The aromatic carboxylates play a key role in the dimensionality of three polymers. The electrochemical and luminescent properties of three polymers were investigated. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Three bis(benzimidazole)-based cobalt(II) coordination polymers tuned by aromatic carboxylates were obtained. • The aromatic carboxylates have an important influence on the dimensionality of three polymers. • The electrochemical and luminescent properties of three polymers were investigated.

Zhang, Ju-Wen; Gong, Chun-Hua; Hou, Li-Li; Tian, Ai-Xiang; Wang, Xiu-Li, E-mail: wangxiuli@bhu.edu.cn

2013-09-15

330

Structure-activity relationships for vitamin D3-based aromatic a-ring analogues as hedgehog pathway inhibitors.  

PubMed

A structure-activity relationship study for a series of vitamin D3-based (VD3) analogues that incorporate aromatic A-ring mimics with varying functionality has provided key insight into scaffold features that result in potent, selective Hedgehog (Hh) pathway inhibition. Three analogue subclasses containing (1) a single substitution at the ortho or para position of the aromatic A-ring, (2) a heteroaryl or biaryl moiety, or (3) multiple substituents on the aromatic A-ring were prepared and evaluated. Aromatic A-ring mimics incorporating either single or multiple hydrophilic moieties on a six-membered ring inhibited the Hh pathway in both Hh-dependent mouse embryonic fibroblasts and cultured cancer cells (IC50 values 0.74-10 ?M). Preliminary studies were conducted to probe the cellular mechanisms through which VD3 and 5, the most active analogue, inhibit Hh signaling. These studies suggested that the anti-Hh activity of VD3 is primarily attributed to the vitamin D receptor, whereas 5 affects Hh inhibition through a separate mechanism. PMID:24730984

Deberardinis, Albert M; Madden, Daniel J; Banerjee, Upasana; Sail, Vibhavari; Raccuia, Daniel S; De Carlo, Daniel; Lemieux, Steven M; Meares, Adam; Hadden, M Kyle

2014-05-01

331

Extracellular matrix formation in self-assembled minimalistic bioactive hydrogels based on aromatic peptide amphiphiles  

PubMed Central

The hitherto inconsistency in clinical performance for engineered skin drives the current development of novel cell-scaffolding materials; one challenge is to only extract essential characteristics from the complex native ECM (extracellular matrix) and incorporate them into a scaffold with minimal complexity to support normal cell functions. This study involved small-molecule-based bioactive hydrogels produced by the co-assembly of two aromatic peptide amphiphiles: Fmoc-FF (Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine) and Fmoc-RGD (arginine–glycine–aspartic acid). Three-dimensionally cultured human dermal fibroblasts deposited dense ECM networks including fibronectin and collagen I within the hydrogels in a 14-day culture. The fibroblasts organized the fibrous ECM and contracted the gel without differentiating into myofibroblasts. The stiffness of the cell-gel constructs increased dramatically due to ECM formation and gel contraction. This created an economical biomimetic model-scaffold to further understand skin reconstruction in vitro and supplied a design pathway to create versatile cell-scaffolds with varied bioactivities and simplicity. PMID:24812581

Zhou, Mi; Ulijn, Rein V

2014-01-01

332

Selective concentration of aromatic bases from water with a resin adsorbent  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Aromatic bases are concentrated from water on columns of a resin adsorbent and recovered by aqueous-acid elution. The degree of concentration attainable depends on the ratio of the capacity factor (k) of the neutral form of the amine to that of the ionized form. Capacity factors of ionic forms of amines on XAD-8 resin (a methylacrylic ester polymer) are greater than zero, ranging from 20 to 250 times lower than those of their neutral forms; they increase with increasing hydrophobicity of the amine. Thus, desorption by acid is an edition (k during desorption >0) rather than a displacement (k during desorption = 0) process. The degree of concentration attainable on XAD-8 resin varies with the hydrophobicity of the amine, being limited for hydrophilic solutes (for example, pyridine) by small neutral-form k's, reaching a maximum for amines of intermediate hydrophobicity (for example, quinoline), and decreasing for more hydrophobc solutes (for example, acridine) because of their large ionic-form k's.

Stuber, H.A.; Leenheer, J.A.

1983-01-01

333

Extracellular matrix formation in self-assembled minimalistic bioactive hydrogels based on aromatic peptide amphiphiles.  

PubMed

The hitherto inconsistency in clinical performance for engineered skin drives the current development of novel cell-scaffolding materials; one challenge is to only extract essential characteristics from the complex native ECM (extracellular matrix) and incorporate them into a scaffold with minimal complexity to support normal cell functions. This study involved small-molecule-based bioactive hydrogels produced by the co-assembly of two aromatic peptide amphiphiles: Fmoc-FF (Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine) and Fmoc-RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid). Three-dimensionally cultured human dermal fibroblasts deposited dense ECM networks including fibronectin and collagen I within the hydrogels in a 14-day culture. The fibroblasts organized the fibrous ECM and contracted the gel without differentiating into myofibroblasts. The stiffness of the cell-gel constructs increased dramatically due to ECM formation and gel contraction. This created an economical biomimetic model-scaffold to further understand skin reconstruction in vitro and supplied a design pathway to create versatile cell-scaffolds with varied bioactivities and simplicity. PMID:24812581

Zhou, Mi; Ulijn, Rein V; Gough, Julie E

2014-01-01

334

Copper (II) and zinc (ii) metal-based salicyl-, furanyl-, thienyl- and pyrrolyl-derived ONNO, NNNO, ONNS & NNNS donor asymmetrically mixed schiff-bases with antibacterial and antifungal potentials.  

PubMed

A new series of asymmetric salicyl-, furanyl-, thienyl- and pyrrolyl-derived ONNO, NNNO, ONNS & NNNS donor antibacterial and antifungal Schiff-bases and their copper(II) and zinc(II) metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized. IR spectra indicated the ligands to act as quartdentate towards divalent metal ions via two azomethine-N, deprotonated-O of salicyl, furanyl-O, thienyl-S and/or pyrrolyl-N. The magnetic moments and electronic spectral data suggest octahedral geometry for Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes. NMR spectral data of the ligands and their diamagnetic zinc(II) complexes well-define their proposed structures/geometries. Elemental analyses data of the ligands and metal complexes agree with their proposed structures/geometries. The synthesized ligands, along with their metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity against B. cereus, C. diphtheriae, E. coli, K. pneumoniae, P. mirabilis, P. aeruginosa, S. typhi, S. dysenteriae and S. aureus strains and for in-vitro antifungal activity against T. schoenleinii, C. glabrata, P. boydii, C. albicans, A. niger, M. canis and T. mentagrophytes. The results of these studies show the metal complexes to be more antibacterial/antifungal against one or more species as compared to the uncomplexed ligands. The brine shrimp bioassay was also carried out to study their in-vitro cytotoxic properties. Eight compounds, L(4), (1), (7), (8), (11), (17), (19) and (23) displayed potent cytotoxic activity with LD(50) = 1.445 x 10(- 3), 1.021 x 10(- 3), 7.478 x 10(- 4), 8.566 x 10(- 4), 1.028 x 10(- 3), 9.943 x 10(- 4), 8.730 x 10(- 4) and 1.124 x 10(- 3) M respectively, against Artemia salina. PMID:19005942

Chohan, Zahid H; Arif, M; Rashid, A

2008-12-01

335

Aromaticity-induced changes in the electronic properties of size-expanded DNA bases: Case of xC.  

SciTech Connect

Size-expanded DNA bases are analogues of natural bases that can be described as a synthesis between benzene and a natural base. Size-expanded bases have been combined with natural bases to form xDNA and yDNA, a new class of synthetic nucleic acids. We are interested in xDNA and yDNA because they might function as molecular wires. Recently, we also became intrigued by the possibility of altering the electronic conductivity of xDNA and yDNA by means of structural changes in the constituent bases. This possibility appeared after we noticed that the highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO-LUMO) gap of the base yG can be increased dramatically, {approx}0.73 eV, by changing the aromaticity of its benzene ring. Therefore, if one is able to alter the HOMO-LUMO gap of size-expanded bases, it should be possible to change the electronic conductivity of xDNAs and yDNAs as well. In the present work, we extend our study on aromaticity-induced changes on the electronic properties of size-expanded bases by investigating the HOMO-LUMO gap of all possible tautomers of xC. We have found that, as for yG, the HOMO-LUMO gap of xC can be modified by {approx} 0.74 eV, and that this can be accomplished by changing the aromaticity of its benzene ring.

Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A [ORNL; Lipkowski, Pawel [Wroclaw University of Technology, Poland; Huertas, Oscar [Universitat de Barcelona; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Orozco, Modesto [Institut de Recerca Biomedica, Parc Cientific de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Luque, Javier [Universitat de Barcelona; Wells, Jack C [ORNL; Leszczynski, Jerzy [Computational Center for Molecular Structure and Interactions, Jackson, MS

2006-01-01

336

Synthesis and structural features of U VI and V IV chelate complexes with (hhmmbH)Cl·H 2O [hhmmb = {3-hydroxyl-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridine-4-yl-methylene}benzohydrazide], a new Schiff base ligand derived from vitamin B6  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schiff base ligand {3-hydroxyl-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridine-4-yl-methylene}benzohydrazide hydrochloride monohydrated {(hhmmbH)Cl·H 2O} ( 1) was prepared by reaction of pyridoxine hydrochloride with benzoic acid hydrazide. The reaction of 1 with [VO(acac) 2] and triethylamine yields the neutral vanadium IV complex [VO 2(hhmmb)]·Py ( 2), with a distorted quadratic pyramidal configuration. The Schiff base 1 reacts also with UO 2(NO 3) 2·6H 2O and triethylamine under deprotonation giving the uranium VI cationic complexes [UO 2(hhmmb)(H 2O)Cl] + ( 3) and [UO 2(hhmmb)(CH 3OH)Cl] + ( 4), both showing the classical pentagonal bipyrimidal geometry of UO22+ complexes. The structural features of all compounds are discussed.

Back, Davi Fernando; Ballin, Marco Aurélio; de Oliveira, Gelson Manzoni

2009-10-01

337

Toxicity of aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons. (Latest citations from the Life Sciences Collection data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the toxicity and biochemical effects of aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons. Topics include effects on metabolism and liver activity, cellular responses, binding characteristics, and the occurrence and path of the compounds in food chains. Bioaccumulation studies in specific areas, and isolation and detection techniques are also considered. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-05-01

338

A Green, Guided-Inquiry Based Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution for the Organic Chemistry Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed an alternative electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction for the organic chemistry teaching laboratory. The experiment is an electrophilic iodination reaction of salicylamide, a popular analgesic, using environmentally friendly reagents--sodium iodide and household bleach. Further, we designed the lab as a guided-inquiry…

Eby, Eric; Deal, S. Todd

2008-01-01

339

Biradicaloid character of phenalenyl-based aromatic compounds with a small HOMO–LUMO gap  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biradicaloid character of three Kekulé aromatic compounds containing two phenalenyl moieties is discussed on the basis of the theoretical and experimental results. DFT calculation of the compounds reveals a small HOMO–LUMO gap with a large spatial overlap between them, leading to a singlet biradical character in a ground state and an excited triplet biradical state with a small ?ES–T. Singlet

Takashi Kubo; Maki Sakamoto; Kazuhiro Nakasuji

2005-01-01

340

Color encoded microbeads-based flow cytometric immunoassay for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in food.  

PubMed

Food contamination caused by chemical hazards such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is a worldwide public health concern and requires continuous monitoring. The chromatography-based analysis methods for POPs are accurate and quite sensitive but they are time-consuming, laborious and expensive. Thus, there is a need for validated simplified screening tools, which are inexpensive, rapid, have automation potential and can detect multiple POPs simultaneously. In this study we developed a flow cytometry-based immunoassay (FCIA) using a color-encoded microbeads technology to detect benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in buffer and food extracts as a starting point for the future development of rapid multiplex assays including other POPs in food, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). A highly sensitive assay for BaP was obtained with an IC(50) of 0.3 microg L(-1) using a monoclonal antibody (Mab22F12) against BaP, similar to the IC(50) of a previously described enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using the same Mab. Moreover, the FCIA was 8 times more sensitive for BaP compared to a surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensor immunoassay (BIA) using the same reagents. The selectivity of the FCIAs was tested, with two Mabs against BaP for 25 other PAHs, including two hydroxyl PAH metabolites. Apart from BaP, the FCIAs can detect PAHs such as indenol[1,2,3-cd]pyrene (IP), benz[a]anthracene (BaA), and chrysene (CHR) which are also appointed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) as suitable indicators of PAH contamination in food. The FCIAs results were in agreement with those obtained with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for the detection of PAHs in real food samples of smoked carp and wheat flour and has great potential for the future routine application of this assay in a simplex or multiplex format in combination with simplified extraction procedure which are under development. PMID:20579482

Meimaridou, Anastasia; Haasnoot, Willem; Noteboom, Linda; Mintzas, Dimitrios; Pulkrabova, Jana; Hajslová, Jana; Nielen, Michel W F

2010-07-01

341

Spectroscopic studies and biological evaluation of some transition metal complexes of azo Schiff-base ligand derived from (1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-aminopyrazol-5-one) and 5-((4-chlorophenyl)diazenyl)-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde.  

PubMed

A series of metal(II) complexes of VO(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) have been synthesized from the azo Schiff base ligand 4-((E)-4-((E)-(4-chlorophenyl)diazenyl)-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)-1,5-dimethyl-2-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3(2H)-one (CDHBAP) and characterized by elemental analysis, spectral (IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR, ESR and EI-mass), magnetic moment measurements, molar conductance, DNA, SEM, X-ray crystallography and fluorescence studies. The electronic absorption spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements of the complexes indicate square pyramidal geometry for VO(II) and octahedral geometry for all the other complexes. The important infrared (IR) spectral bands corresponding to the active groups in the ligand and the solid complexes under investigation were studied and implies that CDHBAP is coordinated to the metal ions in a neutral tridentate manner. The redox behavior of copper(II) and vanadyl(II) complexes have been studied by cyclic voltammetry. The nuclease activity of the above metal(II) complexes shows that the complexes cleave DNA. All the synthesized complexes can serve as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic fluorescence properties. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the synthesized ligand and its metal complexes were screened against bacterial species (Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Shigella sonnie) and fungi (Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, Rhizoctonia bataicola). Amikacin and Ketoconozole were used as references for antibacterial and antifungal studies. The activity data show that the metal complexes have a promising biological activity comparable with the parent Schiff base ligand against bacterial and fungal species. The second harmonic generation (SHG) efficiency of the ligand was measured and the NLO (non-linear optical) properties of the ligand are expected to result in the realization of advanced optical devices in optical fiber communication (OFC) and optical computing. The SEM image of the copper(II) complex implies that the size of the particles is 1 ?m. PMID:22728967

Anitha, C; Sheela, C D; Tharmaraj, P; Sumathi, S

2012-10-01

342

Synthesis, spectroscopic studies and crystal structure of the Schiff base ligand L derived from condensation of 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde and 3,3'-diaminobenzidine and its complexes with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II): Comparative DNA binding studies of L and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes.  

PubMed

The Schiff base ligand, N,N'-bis-(2-thiophenecarboxaldimine)-3,3'-diaminobenzidine (L) obtained from condensation of 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde and 3,3'-diaminobenzidine, was used to synthesize the complexes of type, [M2L2]Cl4 [M=Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II)]. The newly synthesized ligand (L) was characterized on the basis of the results of elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, mass spectroscopic studies and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The characteristic resonance signals in 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra indicated the presence of azomethine group as a result of condensation reaction. The stoichiometry, bonding and stereochemistries of complexes were ascertained on the basis of results of elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, molar conductance and spectroscopic studies viz., FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, UV-vis and EPR. EPR, UV-vis and magnetic moment data revealed an octahedral geometry for complexes with distortion in Cu(II) complex and conductivity data show 1:2 electrolytic nature of complexes. Absoption and fluorescence spectroscopic studies supported that Schiff base ligand L and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes exhibited significant binding to calf thymus DNA. The complexes exhibited higher affinity to calf thymus DNA than the free Schiff base ligand L. PMID:21715221

Shakir, Mohammad; Abbasi, Ambreen; Azam, Mohammad; Khan, Asad U

2011-09-01

343

An investigation of substituted aromatic isocyanide based molecular-level wires on metal surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ever since hemiquinone was presented as the first potential conductor having an electron donor catechol moiety and an electron acceptor quinone component separated by an aliphatic insulator, thus behaving as a rectifier. However, due to experimental limitations, it was not until 1988 that this rectifying behavior could be confirmed by scanning tunneling microscopic measurements, but even then these early experiments were marred by irreproducibility. Since then, with rapidly improving technology, different strategies were developed to probe the conducting properties of different kinds of molecules with much improved reducibility. With these experimental probes the design of a molecular-level conductor essentially consists of selecting a combination of the backbone of the molecule, its functional anchoring groups and the choice of the metal electrode that all complement each other. In this study, the conduction properties of aromatic isocyanide-based molecules were studied on different metal surfaces. 1,4 phenyldiisocyanide (PDI), 2,3,5,6-Tetrachloro 1,4-phenyldiisocyanide (TMPDI) and 2,3,5,6-Tetramethyl 1,4-phenyldiisocyanide (TMPDI) are the simplest molecular-level linker conductors used in this study. Organometallic polymers of varying lengths were also studied; (CNC6H4NC)2W(DPPE) 2 (1W), (CNC6H4NC)3(W(DPPE)2) 2 (2W) and (CNC6H4NC)4(W(DPPE) 2)3 (3W) were probed for their conduction properties. Before the conduction properties can be investigated, the surface manner in which the linker molecules bond to the surface of a metal electrode is investigated. Such a study has been performed on solution self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of the linker and organometallic polymer molecules on evaporated meal films. In order to perform a more systematic study, the linker molecules were adsorbed onto single crystal Pd(111) surfaces and ultra high vacuum surface science techniques were used to investigate the surface chemistry. Reflection-Absorption Infrared Spectroscopy, (RAIRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and temperature programmed desorption spectroscopy (TPD) were the surface science techniques used in this study.

Habeeb, Zeeshan

344

Enhanced phosphorescence emission by incorporating aromatic halides into an entangled coordination framework based on naphthalenediimide.  

PubMed

Phosphorescence emission at room temperature is turned on in an entangled porous coordination polymer (PCP) with naphthalenediimide (NDI) as chromophore, by incorporating halogenated guests into the pores. The phosphorescent efficiency is drastically increased by the incorporation of aromatic halide guests in comparison with the incorporation of nonaromatic derivatives. Aromatic halide guests trigger a structural transformation, which allows a strong interaction with the NDI ligand in the framework through charge-transfer complexation, and provides an extra population process of the triplet state. The long-lived photoinduced triplet states, with an emission wavelength in the red region of the visible spectrum, demonstrated by this PCP, may open the door for potential uses, for example, as singlet-oxygen generators or for bio-imaging applications. PMID:24953198

Martínez-Martínez, Virginia; Sola Llano, Rebeca; Furukawa, Shuhei; Takashima, Yohei; López Arbeloa, Iñigo; Kitagawa, Susumu

2014-08-25

345

Electroreductive dehalogenation of chlorinated aromatic ethers. Unexpected electrogenerated base catalyzed reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electroreductive dehalogenation of several mono- and polychlorinated aromatic ethers that serve as models of dioxins has been studied. The dechlorination was achieved by a simple constant-current electrolysis using a lead cathode in dimethylformamide. It was shown that 2,4,6-trichloroanisole undergoes successive dechlorination and the chlorine in the 2-position is selectively eliminated. Competitive reactions and cyclic voltammetric measurements suggested the increasing

Makoto Kimura; Hiroyoshi Miyahara; Noriyuki Moritani; Yasuhiko Sawaki

1990-01-01

346

Synthesis, spectral characterization and antimicrobial studies of nano-sized oxovanadium(IV) complexes with Schiff bases derived from 5-(phenyl/substituted phenyl)-2-hydrazino-1,3,4-thiadiazole and indoline-2,3-dione.  

PubMed

A new class of oxovanadium(IV) complexes with Schiff bases derived by the condensation of 5-(phenyl/substituted phenyl)-2-hydrazino-1,3,4-thiadiazoles and indoline-2,3-dione have been prepared in ethanol in the presence of sodium acetate. Micro-analytical data, magnetic susceptibility, UV-Vis, IR, EPR and XRD spectral techniques were used to confirm the structures. Electronic absorption spectra of the complexes suggest a square-pyramidal geometry. The oxovanadium(IV) complexes have monoclinic crystal system and particle sizes were found to be in the range 18.0 nm to 24.0 nm (nano-size). In vitro antifungal activity of synthesized compounds was determined against fungi Aspergillus niger, Colletotrichum falcatum and Colletotrichum pallescence and in vitro antibacterial activity was determined by screening the compounds against Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) bacterial strains. The oxovanadium(IV) complexes have higher antimicrobial effect than free ligands. PMID:24548812

Sahani, M K; Yadava, U; Pandey, O P; Sengupta, S K

2014-05-01

347

Synthesis, structural characterization, thermal studies, catalytic efficiency and antimicrobial activity of some M(II) complexes with ONO tridentate Schiff base N-salicylidene-o-aminophenol (saphH2)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reactions of acetate salts of M(II) (M = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn) with N-salicylidene-o-aminophenol (saphH2) in ethyl alcohol afforded new four coordinated complexes with the general formula [M(II)(saph)(H2O)]. The complexes have been fully characterized by microanalysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility, 1H NMR, IR, UV-Vis, ESR, mass spectra and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The experimental data have been shown that all complexes are mononuclear with the M(II) being coordinated by a dianionic tridentate Schiff base ligand, through the deprotonated two enolic oxygen and the azomethine nitrogen atoms. UV-Vis spectra and magnetic moments have been suggested square planar stereochemistry for Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes, and tetrahedral geometry has been suggested for Mn(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes. The new complexes have been tested for their abilities to catalyze aerial oxidation of benzaldehyde to benzoic acid. Finally, in view of the biological activity, antibacterial and antifungal tests of the ligand and its complexes have been carried out and the results were compared with some known antibiotics.

Abdel Aziz, Ayman A.; Salem, Abdel Naby M.; Sayed, Mostafa A.; Aboaly, Mohamed M.

2012-02-01

348

Synthesis, molecular structures and phase transition studies on benzothiazole-cored Schiff bases with their Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes: Crystal structure of (E)-6-methoxy-2-(4-octyloxy-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)benzothiazole  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two new homologous series of Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes with benzothiazole-cored Schiff bases have been synthesised with the aim to study the mesomorphic and thermal properties of ligands upon formation of metal complexes. The molecular structure of title compounds were elucidated with the employment of FT-IR, 1D and 2D FT-NMR spectroscopic techniques. Mesomorphic and thermal behaviour of title compounds have been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and polarising optical microscope. All the ligands are nematogenic but the corresponding Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes crystallised in ordinary solid. The conformation of 6-methoxy-2-(4-octyloxy-2-hydroxy-benzylideneamino)benzothiazole was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of which the title compound favours more stable (E)-6-methoxy-2-(4-octyloxy-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)benzothiazole. Crystal structure of the title compound also revealed that the bond length of Cdbnd N (1.303 Å) in the benzothiazole rings very close to that in the exocyclic Cdbnd N linkage (1.298 Å).

Yeap, Guan-Yeow; Heng, Boon-Teck; Faradiana, Nur; Zulkifly, Raihana; Ito, Masato M.; Tanabe, Makoto; Takeuchi, Daisuke

2012-03-01

349

Characterization, molecular modeling and antimicrobial activity of metal complexes of tridentate Schiff base derived from 5-acetyl-4-hydroxy-2H-1,3-thiazine-2,6(3H)-dione and 2-aminophenol  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal complexes of Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II), VO(IV) and UO2(VI) as well as several Cu(II) salts, including Cl,NO3-,AcO,ClO4- and SO4-2 with a tridentate O2N donor Schiff base ligand (H2L), synthesized by condensation of 5-acetyl-4-hydroxy-2H-1,3-thiazine-2,6(3H)-dione with 2-aminophenol, were prepared and characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, spectral, magnetic, molar conductance and thermal gravimetric analysis. Square planar, tetrahedral and octahedral geometries have been assigned to the prepared complexes. Molecular parameters of the ligand and its metal complexes have been calculated and correlated with the experimental data, and the changes of bond lengths are linearly correlated with IR data. The antimicrobial activities of the synthesized compounds were tested in vitro against the sensitive organisms Staphylococcus aureus as Gram positive bacteria, Proteus vulgaris as Gram negative bacteria and Candida albicans as fungus strain, and the results are discussed.

Adly, Omima M. I.

350

A new trinuclear zinc(II) complex and a heptacoordinated mononuclear cadmium(II) complex with a pyrimidine derived Schiff base ligand: Syntheses, crystal structures, photoluminescence and DFT calculations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new N6 donor hexadentate Schiff base 2,4-bis [2-(pyridine-2-ylmethylidene) hydrazinyl] pyrimidine (L), its trinuclear Zn(II) complex, [Zn3(L)2Cl6] (1) and mononuclear heptacoordinate Cd(II) complex [Cd(L)(H2O)2](ClO4)2 (2) have been synthesised and characterised by crystallographically and spectroscopically. Complex 1 is featured by the triangular arrangement of three zinc atoms where the neighbouring Zn atoms are linked via half portion (N3 chromophore) of the same ligand molecule. In 1, the ligand molecules behave as hexadentate ones (employing both pyrimidine nitrogen atoms as active donor centres) to create the octahedral environment around Zn(II). The central and terminal Zn(II) atom has N6 and N3Cl3 chromophores respectively. In 2 the same ligand (L) behaves as pentadentate one (ignoring one pyrimidine nitrogen in the coordination process) to produce a pentagonal bipyramidal geometry with two apical water molecules. The geometries of both complexes were optimised in the singlet state by DFT method. The TDDFT calculations have been done on the optimised geometries to understand the electronic structure and spectral transition in the complexes. Complex 1 exhibits intraligand 1(? ? ?*) fluorescence in aqueous methanol solvent at room temperature.

Das, Kinsuk; Jana, Atanu; Konar, Saugata; Chatterjee, Sudipta; Mondal, Tapan Kumar; Barik, Anil Kumar; Kar, Susanta Kumar

2013-09-01

351

Cd(II) and Zn(II) complexes of two new hexadentate Schiff base ligands derived from different aldehydes and ethanol amine; X-ray crystal structure, IR and NMR spectroscopy studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four new [Cd(H2L1)(NO3)]ClO4 (1), [Zn(H2L1)](ClO4)2 (2), [Cd(H2L2)(NO3)]ClO4 (3), and [Zn(H2L2)](ClO4)2 (4), complexes were prepared by the reaction of two new Schiff base ligands and Cd(II) and Zn(II) metal ions in equimolar ratios. The ligands H2L1 and H2L2 were synthesized by reaction of 2-[2-(2-formyl phenoxy)ethoxy]benzaldehyde and/or 2-[2-(3-formyl phenoxy)propoxy]benzaldehyde and ethanol amine and characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. All complexes were characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, COSY, and elemental analysis. Also, the complex 1 was characterized by X-ray in addition to the above methods. The X-ray crystal structure of compound 1 showed that all nitrogen and oxygen atoms of ligand (N2O4) and a molecule of nitrate with two donor oxygen atom have been coordinated to the metal ion and the Cd(II) ion is in an eight-coordinate environment that is best described as a distorted dodecahedron geometry.

Golbedaghi, Reza; Rezaeivala, Majid; Albeheshti, Leila

2014-11-01

352

Structural Analysis of Aliphatic vs. Aromatic Substrate Specificity in a Copper Amine Oxidase from Hansenula polymorpha†,‡  

PubMed Central

Copper amine oxidases (CAOs) are responsible for the oxidative deamination of primary amines to their corresponding aldehydes. The CAO catalytic mechanism can be divided into two half-reactions: a reductive half-reaction, in which a primary amine substrate is oxidized to its corresponding aldehyde with the concomitant reduction of the organic cofactor 2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine quinone (TPQ), and an oxidative half-reaction, in which reduced TPQ is re-oxidized with the reduction of molecular oxygen to hydrogen peroxide. The reductive half-reaction proceeds via Schiff base chemistry, in which the primary amine substrate first attacks the C5 carbonyl of TPQ, forming a series of covalent Schiff base intermediates. The X-ray crystal structures of copper amine oxidase-1 from the yeast Hansenula polymorpha (HPAO-1) in complex with ethylamine and benzylamine have been solved to resolutions of 2.18 and 2.25 Å, respectively. These structures reveal the two amine substrates bound at the back of the active site coincident with TPQ in its two-electron reduced aminoquinol form. Rearrangements of particular amino acid side chains within the substrate channel and specific protein-substrate interactions provide insight into substrate specificity in HPAO-1. These changes begin to account for this CAO’s kinetic preference for small, aliphatic amines over the aromatic amines or whole peptides preferred by some of its homologs. PMID:23452079

Klema, Valerie J.; Solheid, Corinne J.; Klinman, Judith P.; Wilmot, Carrie M.

2013-01-01

353

Studies on in vitro biostability and blood compatibility of polyurethane potting compound based on aromatic polymeric MDI for extracorporeal devices.  

PubMed

Polyurethane potting compound based on aromatic isocyanurate of polymeric MDI, poly propylene glycol (PPG400) and trimethylol propane (TMP) has significant favourable properties, good pot life and setting characteristics. The cured potting compound of this formulation has appreciable thermal stability and mechanical properties. In vitro biostability of cured potting compound has been found to be excellent without any significant degradation in simulated physiological media and chemical environment. Studies on blood-material interaction and cytotoxicity reveal in vitro blood compatibility and compatibility with cells of this potting compound. PMID:18584119

Hridya, V K; Jayabalan, M

2009-12-01

354

General design strategy for aromatic ketone-based single-component dual-emissive materials.  

PubMed

Materials with both fluorescence and room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) can be useful in the field of optoelectronics. Here we present a general strategy, taking advantage of carbonyl compounds, which have been known to possess efficient intersystem crossing with high triplet state yield, as well as a strongly fluorescent intramolecular charge-transfer (ICT) state, to produce materials with both fluorescence and RTP at the same time, or dual-emission. In the presented model systems, in order to generate a suitable ICT state, Lewis acid binding to aromatic ketone derivatives has been proved to be a viable method. We have selected AlCl3, BCl3, BF3, and GdCl3 as binding Lewis acids, in that they exhibit sufficiently strong binding affinity toward the aromatic ketone derivatives to afford stable complexes and yet do not possess low-lying electronic transitions vs the ligands. We have successfully observed dual-emission from these designed complexes in polymers, which act to suppress competitive thermal decay at room temperature. One of the complexes is particularly interesting as it is dual-emissive in the crystalline state. Single-crystal XRD reveals that the molecule forms multiple hydrogen bonds with its neighbors in crystals, which may significantly enhance the rigidity of the environment. PMID:24484404

Zhang, Xuepeng; Xie, Tongqing; Cui, Minxin; Yang, Li; Sun, Xingxing; Jiang, Jun; Zhang, Guoqing

2014-02-26

355

Polyimidazoles via aromatic nucleophilic displacement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Polyimidazoles (Pl) are prepared by the aromatic nucleophilic displacement reaction of di(hydroxyphenyl)imidazole monomers with activated aromatic dihalides or activated aromatic dinitro compounds. The reactions are carried out in polar aprotic solvents such as N,N-dimethylacetamide, sulfolane, N-methylpyrroldinone, dimethylsulfoxide, or diphenylsulfone using alkali metal bases such as potassium carbonate at elevated temperature under nitrogen. The di(hydroxyphenyl)imidazole monomers are prepared by reacting an aromatic aldehyde with a dimethoxybenzil or by reacting an aromatic dialdehyde with a methoxybenzil in the presence of ammonium acetate. The di(methoxyphenyl)imidazole is subsequently treated with aqueous hydrobromic acid to give the di(hydroxyphenyl)imidazole monomer. This synthetic route has provided high molecular weight Pl of new chemical structure, is economically and synthetically more favorable than other routes, and allows for facile chemical structure variation due to the availability of a large variety of activated aromatic dihalides and dinitro compounds.

Connell, John W. (Inventor); Hergenrother, Paul M. (Inventor)

1991-01-01

356

Tubular metal-organic framework-based capillary gas chromatography column for separation of alkanes and aromatic positional isomers.  

PubMed

In this work, a tubular metal-organic framework, MOF-CJ3, with a large one-dimensional channel was chosen as stationary phase to prepare a capillary gas chromatographic column via a verified dynamic coating procedure. The column offered good separations of linear and branched alkanes, as well as aromatic positional isomers (ethylbenzene, xylene, cresol, hydroquinone, dichlorobenzene, bromobenzonitrile, chloronitrobenzene, and nitrotoluene) based on a combination of host-guest interactions and adsorption effects. Elution sequence of most of the analytes followed an increasing order of their boiling points, except for the separation of n-heptanes/isooctane, cresol, and hydroquinone isomers. Separation behavior of the column upon different organic substances may be related to the tubular pore structure of MOF-CJ3, in which the van der Waals forces between the alkanes and the hydrophobic inner surfaces might have great effect on separation of n-heptanes and isooctane, whereas the separation of cresol and hydroquinone isomers were affected by (OH?O) hydrogen bonds formed between the analytes and the 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate ligands on the pore wall. The effects of temperature on separation of aromatic positional isomers were investigated to elucidate entropy and enthalpy controlling of the separation process. PMID:23473507

Fang, Zhi-Li; Zheng, Sheng-Run; Tan, Jing-Bo; Cai, Song-Liang; Fan, Jun; Yan, Xia; Zhang, Wei-Guang

2013-04-12

357

Fire- and heat-resistant laminating resins based on maleimido-substituted aromatic cyclotriphosphazenes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A novel class of flame- and heat-resistant polymers has been synthesized by the thermal polymerization of maleimido-substituted aromatic cyclotriphosphazenes. The polymer obtained from tris-(aminophenoxy)tris(maleimidophenoxy)cyclotriphosphazene has good thermal stability and is noteworthy for its high char yield, viz., 82 percent at 800 C in nitrogen and 81 percent at 700 C in air. Graphite-fabric laminates prepared with this polymer did not burn in pure oxygen, even at 300 C, and were tested for mechanical properties. Hexakis(4-maleimidophenoxy)cyclotriphosphazene and some fluorine-containing monomers have also been synthesized. The structures of these cyclic phosphazene precursors and polymers were characterized by FT IR spectrophotometry, H-1 NMR, F-19 NMR, and P-31 solid-state magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The curing behavior of the polymer precursors and the thermal stabilities of the polymers were evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA).

Kumar, D.; Fohlen, G. M.; Parker, J. A.

1983-01-01

358

Aromatic Compounds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These organic chemistry quiz questions from the JCE question bank focus on the topic of aromatic compounds. Included in the quiz are questions on nomenclature, synthesis, electrophilic substitution, and huckel's rule. These questions provide great review and practice material for students.

Reich, Ieva

2007-12-03

359

New dimanganese(III) complexes of pentadentate (N2O3) Schiff base ligands with the [Mn2(mu-OAc)(mu-OR)2]3+ core: synthesis, characterization and mechanistic studies of H2O2 disproportionation.  

PubMed

Two new diMn(III) complexes [Mn(2)(III)L(1)(mu-AcO)(mu-MeO)(methanol)(2)]Br (1) and [Mn(2)(III)L(2)(mu-AcO)(mu-MeO)(methanol)(ClO(4))] (2) (L(1)H(3)=1,5-bis(2-hydroxybenzophenylideneamino)pentan-3-ol; L(2)H(3)=1,5-bis(2-hydroxynaphtylideneamino)pentan-3-ol) were synthesized and structurally characterized. Structural studies evidence that these complexes have a bis(mu-alkoxo)(mu-carboxylato) triply bridged diMn(III) core in the solid state and in solution, with two substitution-labile sites--one on each Mn ion--in cis-position. The two complexes show catalytic activity toward disproportionation of H(2)O(2), with saturation kinetics on [H(2)O(2)], in methanol and dimethyl formamide at 25 degrees C. Spectroscopic monitoring of the H(2)O(2) disproportionation reaction suggests that (i) complexes 1 and 2 dismutate H(2)O(2) by a mechanism involving redox cycling between Mn(2)(III) and Mn(2)(IV), (ii) the complexes retain the dinuclearity during catalysis, (iii) the active form of the catalyst contains bound acetate, and (iv) protons favors the formation of inactive Mn(II) species. Comparison to other dimanganese complexes of the same family shows that the rate of catalase reaction is not critically dependent on the redox potential of the catalyst, that substitution of phenolate by naphtolate in the Schiff base ligand favors formation of the catalyst-substrate adduct, and that, in the non-protic solvent, the bulkier substituent at the imine proton position hampers the binding to the substrate. PMID:16843530

Biava, Hernán; Palopoli, Claudia; Shova, Sergiu; De Gaudio, Mónica; Daier, Verónica; González-Sierra, Manuel; Tuchagues, Jean-Pierre; Signorella, Sandra

2006-10-01

360

Use of polymer-bound Schiff base as a new liquid binding agent of diffusive gradients in thin-films for the measurement of labile Cu²?, Cd²? and Pb²?.  

PubMed

A new diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) device with solution of polymer-bound Schiff base (Py-PEI) derived from poly(ethyleneimine) and 2-pyridinecarboxaldehyde as the binding agent (Py-PEI DGT) was developed for measuring labile Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) in waters. In synthetic solution, uptake percentages of Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) by Py-PEI DGT were 99.2 ± 4.4%, 103.7 ± 4.8% and 98.7 ± 5.5% of the total metals, respectively. Performance of Py-PEI DGT was independent of pH 4-8.5 and ionic strength 1 × 10(-4)-0.1 mol L(-1). The uptake of labile metals showed agreement with the theoretical values of free ions in EDTA solution, and decreased with increase of humic acid (HA) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) contents in water due to the complexation of HA and DOC with metals. DGT devices containing different liquid binding agents (Py-PEI, polyacrylate (PA) and poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS)) were deployed in the same solution. The higher uptake percentages of Py-PEI DGT (13.2 ± 1.1, 26.5 ± 2.4 and 62.7 ± 3.2% of total Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+)) were obtained with respective to PSS DGT (6.7 ± 0.6, 9.2 ± 0.9 and 29.6 ± 2.7% of total above metals) and PA DGT (8.9 ± 0.9 and 16.2 ± 1.1% of total Cu(2+) and Cd(2+)) due to its relatively strong binding affinity with metals. PMID:23856306

Fan, Hong-Tao; Liu, Jin-Xiu; Sui, Dian-Peng; Yao, Hui; Yan, Feng; Sun, Ting

2013-09-15

361

A novel tridentate Schiff base dioxo-molybdenum(VI) complex: Synthesis, experimental and theoretical studies on its crystal structure, FTIR, UV-visible, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new dioxo-molybdenum(VI) complex [MoO2(L)(H2O)] has been synthesized, using 5-methoxy 2-[(2-hydroxypropylimino)methyl]phenol as tridentate ONO donor Schiff base ligand (H2L) and MoO2(acac)2. The yellow crystals of the compound are used for single-crystal X-ray analysis and measuring Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), UV-visible, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra. Electronic structure calculations at the B3LYP and PW91PW91 levels of theory are performed to optimize the molecular geometry and to calculate the UV-visible, FTIR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra of the compound. Vibrational assignments and analysis of the fundamental modes of the compound are performed. Time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) method is used to calculate the electronic transitions of the complex. All theoretical methods can well reproduce the structure of the compound. The 1H NMR shielding tensors computed at the B3LYP/DGDZVP level of theory is in agreement with experimental 1H NMR spectra. However, the 13C NMR shielding tensors computed at the B3LYP level, employing a combined basis set of DGDZVP for Mo and 6 - 31 + G(2df,p) for other atoms, are in better agreement with experimental 13C NMR spectra. The electronic transitions calculated at the B3LYP/DGDZVP level by using TD-DFT method is in accordance with the observed UV-visible spectrum of the compound.

Saheb, Vahid; Sheikhshoaie, Iran; Stoeckli-Evans, Helen

2012-09-01

362

Six hydrogen bond directed supramolecular adducts formed between racemic-bis-?-naphthol and N-containing aromatic bases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies concentrating on hydrogen bonding between the base of exobidentate bis(imidazole) derivatives, and 2-aminoheterocyclic compounds, and (±)-1,10-binaphthalene-2,2'-diol have led to an increased understanding of the role the aromatic N-containing compounds have in binding with (±)-1,10-binaphthalene-2,2'-diol. Here anhydrous multicomponent adducts of N-containing aromatic bases such as 1,4-bis(N-imidazolyl)butane (L1), 1,3-bis(N-benzimidazolyl)propane (L2), 1,4-bis(N-benzimidazolyl)butane (L3), 1,5-bis(N-benzimidazolyl)-3-oxapentane (L4), 2-amino-4-phenylthiazole (L5), and 2-amino-5,7-dimethyl-1,8-naphthyridine (L6) have been prepared with (±)-1,10-binaphthalene-2,2'-diol (binol). The six crystalline forms reported are cocrystals of which the crystals and complexes were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, IR, mp, and elemental analysis. The inter-ring angles (naphthol/naphthol) in the same binol of the six cocrystals ranged from 70.71° to 104.2° as the organic bases varied. In the six cocrystals, the binols exist either as both of the enantiomers of rac-binol or as only of its single enantiomer. All supramolecular architectures of cocrystals 1-6 are stabilized by O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds. In addition other non-conventional interactions (CH-?, CH3-?, NH-?, S-?, and ?-? interactions) play an important role in the solid-state packing of co-crystallization as well. These weak interactions combined, all of the six complexes displayed 3D network structure.

Jin, Shouwen; Dong, Qiong; Wang, Daqi; Zhou, Wei

2012-04-01

363

Mechanism-based inactivation by aromatization of the transaminase BioA involved in biotin biosynthesis in Mycobaterium tuberculosis.  

PubMed

BioA catalyzes the second step of biotin biosynthesis, and this enzyme represents a potential target to develop new antitubercular agents. Herein we report the design, synthesis, and biochemical characterization of a mechanism-based inhibitor (1) featuring a 3,6-dihydropyrid-2-one heterocycle that covalently modifies the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) cofactor of BioA through aromatization. The structure of the PLP adduct was confirmed by MS/MS and X-ray crystallography at 1.94 Å resolution. Inactivation of BioA by 1 was time- and concentration-dependent and protected by substrate. We used a conditional knock-down mutant of M. tuberculosis to demonstrate the antitubercular activity of 1 correlated with BioA expression, and these results provide support for the designed mechanism of action. PMID:21988601

Shi, Ce; Geders, Todd W; Park, Sae Woong; Wilson, Daniel J; Boshoff, Helena I; Abayomi, Orishadipe; Barry, Clifton E; Schnappinger, Dirk; Finzel, Barry C; Aldrich, Courtney C

2011-11-16

364

Synthesis and characterization of new aromatic esters based on 4,16-pregnadiene-6,20-dione skeleton  

PubMed Central

A series of new aromatic esters based on 4,16-pregnadiene-6,20-dione skeleton, namely 3?-benzoyloxy-4,16-pregnadiene-6,20-dione and 3?-furoyloxy-4,16-pregnadiene- 6,20-dione, which may be good inhibitors for the 5?-reductase enzyme and show high antiandrogenic activity, were synthesized starting from diosgenin. The structures of the steroids were characterized by elemental analysis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, IR and mass spectrum. Single crystal X-ray diffraction measurement on one of the new compounds, 3?-(p-methoxybenzoyloxy)-4,16-pregnadiene-6,20-dione revealed that the A, B, C, and D ring adopted half chair, distorted chair, distorted chair, and distorted envelope conformation, respectively. The molecules in the crystal were packed face-to-face at the normal van der Waals distances. PMID:21143843

2010-01-01

365

Mechanism-based Inactivation by Aromatization of the Transaminase BioA Involved in Biotin Biosynthesis in Mycobaterium tuberculosis  

SciTech Connect

BioA catalyzes the second step of biotin biosynthesis, and this enzyme represents a potential target to develop new antitubercular agents. Herein we report the design, synthesis, and biochemical characterization of a mechanism-based inhibitor (1) featuring a 3,6-dihydropyrid-2-one heterocycle that covalently modifies the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) cofactor of BioA through aromatization. The structure of the PLP adduct was confirmed by MS/MS and X-ray crystallography at 1.94 {angstrom} resolution. Inactivation of BioA by 1 was time- and concentration-dependent and protected by substrate. We used a conditional knock-down mutant of M. tuberculosis to demonstrate the antitubercular activity of 1 correlated with BioA expression, and these results provide support for the designed mechanism of action.

Shi, Ce; Geders, Todd W.; Park, Sae Woong; Wilson, Daniel J.; Boshoff, Helena I.; Abayomi, Orishadipe; Barry, III, Clifton E.; Schnappinger, Dirk; Finzel, Barry C.; Aldrich, Courtney C. (Weill-Med); (UMM); (NIAID)

2011-11-16

366

Insights into the coassembly of hydrogelators and surfactants based on aromatic peptide amphiphiles.  

PubMed

The coassembly of small molecules is a useful means of increasing the complexity and functionality of their resultant supramolecular constructs in a modular fashion. In this study, we explore the assembly and coassembly of serine surfactants and tyrosine-leucine hydrogelators, capped at the N-termini with either fluorenyl-9-methoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) or pyrene. These systems all exhibit self-assembly behavior, which is influenced by aromatic stacking interactions, while the hydrogelators also exhibit ?-sheet-type arrangements, which reinforce their supramolecular structures. We provide evidence for three distinct supramolecular coassembly models; cooperative, disruptive, and orthogonal. The coassembly mode adopted depends on whether the individual constituents (I) are sufficiently different, such that effective segregation and orthogonal assembly occurs; (II) adhere to a communal mode of self-assembly; or (III) act to compromise the assembly of one another via incorporation and disruption. We find that a greater scope for controllable coassembly exists within orthogonal systems; which show minimal relative changes in the native gelator's supramolecular structure by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), circular dichroism (CD), and fluorescence spectroscopy. This is indicative of the segregation of orthogonal coassembly constituents into distinct domains, where surfactant chemical functionality is presented at the surface of the gelator's supramolecular fibers. Overall, this work provides new insights into the design of modular coassembly systems, which have the potential to augment the chemical and physical properties of existing gelator systems. PMID:24568678

Fleming, Scott; Debnath, Sisir; Frederix, Pim W J M; Hunt, Neil T; Ulijn, Rein V

2014-04-14

367

Microscale-based modeling of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon transport and biodegradation in soil  

SciTech Connect

A mathematical model to describe polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) desorption, transport, and biodegradation in saturated soil was constructed by describing kinetics at a microscopic level and incorporating this description into macroscale transport equations. This approach is novel in that the macroscale predictions are made independently from a knowledge of microscale kinetics and macroscopic fluid dynamics and no adjustable parameters are used to fit the macroscopic response. It was assumed that soil organic matter, the principal site of PAH sorption, was composed of a continuum of compartments with a gamma distribution of desorption rate coefficients. The mass transport of substrates and microorganisms in a mesopore was described by diffusion and that in a macropore by one-dimensional advection and dispersion. Naphthalene was considered as a test PAH compound for initial model simulations. Three mechanisms of naphthalene biodegradation were considered: growth-associated degradation as a carbon and energy source for microbial growth; degradation for maintenance energy; and growth-independent degradation. The Haldane modification of the Monod equation was used to describe microbial growth rates and to account for possible growth inhibition by naphthalene. Multisubstrate interactions were considered and described with a noninteractive model for specific growth rates. The sensitivity of selected model parameters was analyzed under conditions when naphthalene was the sole growth-rate-limiting substrate.

Ahn, I.S.; Lion, L.W.; Shuler, M.L. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)] [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1996-07-05

368

Highly efficient blue OLEDs based on diphenylaminofluorenylstyrenes end-capped with heterocyclic aromatics  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we have designed four diphenylaminofluorenylstyrene derivatives end-capped with heterocyclic aromatic groups, such as 9-phenylcabazole, 4-dibenzofuran, 2-benzoxazole, 2-quinoxaline, respectively. These materials showed blue to red fluorescence with maximum emission wavelengths of 476–611 nm, respectively, which were dependent on the structural and electronic nature of end-capping groups. To explore the electroluminescent properties of these materials, multilayer OLEDs were fabricated in the following sequence: ITO/DNTPD (40 nm)/NPB (20 nm)/2% doped in MADN (20 nm)/Alq{sub 3} (40 nm)/Liq. (1 nm)/Al. Among those, a device exhibited a highly efficient blue emission with the maximum luminance of 14,480 cd/m{sup 2} at 9 V, the luminous efficiency of 5.38 cd/A at 20 mA/cm{sup 2}, power efficiency of 2.77 lm/W at 20 mA/cm{sup 2}, and CIE{sub x,y} coordinates of (0.147, 0.152) at 8 V, respectively.

Oh, Suhyun [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Kum Hee; Kim, Young Kwan [Department of Information Display, Hongik University, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Information Display, Hongik University, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Seung Soo, E-mail: ssyoon@skku.edu [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15

369

Synthesis, in-vitro antimicrobial and antitubercular screening of Schiff bases of 3-amino-1-phenyl-4- [2-(4-phenyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl) hydrazin-1-ylidene]-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-5-one  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE: Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of some Schiff bases of 3-amino-1-phenyl-4- [2-(4-phenyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl) hydrazin-1-ylidene]-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-5-ones (TZP4a-l) are described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed using infrared, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectral data. Synthesized compounds were tested in-vitro against four Gram-positive and four Gram-negative bacterial strains, three fungal strains and two mycobacterial strains. Title compounds were screened its in-vitro cytotoxicity (IC50) by 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay using mouse embryonic fibroblasts cell line (NIH 3T3). RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Compounds TZP4 g and TZP4 h were found to be significant activity against Bacillus substilis (bacteria) and Aspergillus niger (fungi). In-vitro anti-tuberculosis (TB) activity of compound TZP4g showed appreciable antitubercular activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv strain (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] =0.6.48 × 10?3 ?M/mL) which was 1.69 and 3.91 times more active than the standard drug, pyrazinamide (25.38 × 10?3 ?M/mL) and streptomycin (MIC = 11.01 × 10?3 ?M/mL), respectively. Their in-vitro cytotoxicity (IC50) was determined to establish a selectivity index (SI) (SI = IC50/MIC). Compounds TZP4 c, TZP4 g, and TZP4 h have SI 82.85, 168.88, and 199.07, respectively. CONCLUSION: All the title compounds had mild toxicity on the mouse embryonic fibroblasts NIH 3T3 cells (IC50 ? 100 ?M). In comparison to the results of toxicity and antimycobacterial activity tests, it was observed that the activity of the compounds is not due to general toxicity effect; however, their antimycobacterial activity can be possibly because of their selective antimycobacterial effect. We concluded from our investigations that TZP4 c, TZP4 g, and TZP4 h may be considered promising for the development of new anti-TB agents. PMID:23833518

Sivakumar, K. K.; Rajasekaran, A.

2013-01-01

370

A new multifunctional Schiff base as a fluorescence sensor for Al³? and a colorimetric sensor for CN? in aqueous media: an application to bioimaging.  

PubMed

A multifunctional fluorescent and colorimetric receptor 1 ((E)-N'-((8-hydroxy-1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydropyrido[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-9-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide) for the detection of both Al(3+) and CN(-) in aqueous solution has been developed. Receptor 1 exhibited an excellent selective fluorescence response toward Al(3+). The sensitivity of the fluorescent based assay (0.193 ?M) for Al(3+) is far below the limit in the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for drinking water (7.41 ?M). In addition, receptor 1 showed an excellent detection ability in a wide pH range of 4-10 and also in living cells. Moreover, receptor 1 showed a highly selective colorimetric response to CN(-) by changing its color from colorless to yellow immediately without any interference from other anions. PMID:24626562

Lee, Seul Ah; You, Ga Rim; Choi, Ye Won; Jo, Hyun Yong; Kim, Ah Ram; Noh, Insup; Kim, Sung-Jin; Kim, Youngmee; Kim, Cheal

2014-05-14

371

Complexation of nitrogen and sulphur donor Schiff's base ligand to Cr(III) and Ni(II) metal ions: Synthesis, spectroscopic and antipathogenic studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

2,6-Diacetyl pyridine based ligand was synthesized by the reaction of 2,6-diacetyl pyridine with thiocarbohydrazide in presence of acetic acid. The coordination compounds with Cr(III) and Ni(II) metal ions having [Cr(L)X]X 2 and [Ni(L)X]X compositions (where L = ligand and X = NO 3-, Cl - and CH 3COO -) were synthesized and characterized by physicochemical and spectral studies. The studies like elemental analyses, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, UV-Vis, NMR, mass and EPR reveal that the complexes are octahedral. The compounds were examined against the pathogenic fungal and bacterial strains like Alternaria brassicae, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Xanthomonas compestris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A. niger causes the diseases Apergillosis and Otomycosis in humans.

Sharma, Amit Kumar; Chandra, Sulekh

2011-01-01

372

Synthesis and characterization of aromatic polyamides and polyimides from trimethyl- and di- t-butylhydroquinone-based ether-linked diamines  

Microsoft Academic Search

1,4-Bis(4-aminophenoxy)trimethylbenzene (3a) and 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxy)-2,5-di-t-butylbenzene (3b) were synthesized in two steps from the hydroquinones via nucleophilic aromatic substitution and catalytic reduction. Aromatic polyamides were synthesized from these diamines by direct polycondensation with various diacid chlorides or by reaction with diacids, triphenyl phosphite and pyridine in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP). Aromatic polyimides were synthesized from the trimethyl monomer using commercial dianhydrides in two-step polycondensations.

Havva Yagci; Lon J Mathias

1998-01-01

373

Preparation, characterization and pH-metric measurements of 4-hydroxysalicylidenechitosan Schiff-base complexes of Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Ru(III), Rh(III), Pd(II) and Au(III).  

PubMed

The 4-hydroxysalicylidenechitosan Schiff-base (2CS-Hdhba) was prepared by the condensation of 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde with chitosan, and its metal complexes, [M(2CS-dhba)Cl(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (M(III)=Fe, Ru, Rh), [M'(2CS-dhba)(AcO)(H(2)O)(2)] (M'(II)=Co, Ni, Cu, Zn), [Pd(2CS-dhba)Cl(H(2)O)] and [Au(2CS-dhba)Cl(2)], are reported. These complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, by spectral data (FTIR, solid-phase (13)C NMR, UV-vis and ESR spectroscopy), by morphological observations (SEM and XRD), and by magnetic and thermal measurements. The Schiff base (2CS-Hdhba) behaves as a bidentate chelate with a single negative charge. The azomethine nitrogen and the deprotonated 2-hydroxy centres with the pendant glucosamine hydroxy functionality play no role in coordination. The dissociation constants of 2CS-Hdhba and the stability constants of some of its metal complexes have been determined pH-metrically. PMID:21392736

Anan, Neveen A; Hassan, Shawky M; Saad, Eman M; Butler, Ian S; Mostafa, Sahar I

2011-05-01

374

Classification of juices and fermented beverages made from unripe, ripe and senescent apples based on the aromatic profile using chemometrics.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess differences between apple juices and fermented apple beverages elaborated with fruits from different varieties and at different ripening stages in the aroma profile by using chemometrics. Ripening influenced the aroma composition of the apple juice and fermented apple. For all varieties, senescent fruits provided more aromatic fermented apple beverages. However, no significant difference was noticed in samples made of senescent or ripe fruits of the Lisgala variety. Regarding the juices, ripe Gala apple had the highest total aroma concentration. Ethanal was the major compound identified in all the samples, with values between 11.83mg/L (unripe Lisgala juice) and 81.05mg/L (ripe Gala juice). 3-Methyl-1-butanol was the major compound identified in the fermented juices. Principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were applied and classified the juices and fermented juices based on physicochemical and aroma profile, demonstrating their applicability as tools to monitor the quality of apple-based products. PMID:23790875

Braga, Cíntia Maia; Zielinski, Acácio Antonio Ferreira; Silva, Karolline Marques da; de Souza, Frederico Koch Fernandes; Pietrowski, Giovana de Arruda Moura; Couto, Marcelo; Granato, Daniel; Wosiacki, Gilvan; Nogueira, Alessandro

2013-11-15

375

Preparation and characterization of ordered thin films based on aromatic poly(1,3,4-oxadiazole)s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrathin layers of aromatic polyoxadiazoles by using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique are prepared for the first time. The syntheses and characterization of new soluble aromatic poly(1,3,4-oxadiazole)s are described. The polyoxadiazoles contain tetraphenyl silane units in the main chain or pendent alkylamido groups. Both the precursor route via polyhydrazide followed by thermal cyclization in bulk, and the direct spreading of poly(1,3,4-oxadiazole)s are

B. Schulz; L. Brehmer; B. Dietzel; Th. Zetzsche

1996-01-01

376

Fine particulate matter and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration patterns in Roxbury, Massachusetts: a community-based GIS analysis.  

PubMed Central

Given an elevated prevalence of respiratory disease and density of pollution sources, residents of Roxbury, Massachusetts, have been interested in better understanding their exposures to air pollution. To determine whether local transportation sources contribute significantly to exposures, we conducted a community-based pilot investigation to measure concentrations of fine particulate matter (particulate matter < 2.5 microm; PM(2.5)) and particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Roxbury in the summer of 1999. Community members carried portable monitors on the streets in a 1-mile radius around a large bus terminal to create a geographic information system (GIS) map of concentrations and gathered data on site characteristics that could predict ambient concentrations. Both PM(2.5) and PAH concentrations were greater during morning rush hours and on weekdays. In linear mixed-effects regressions controlling for temporal autocorrelation, PAH concentrations were significantly higher with closer proximity to the bus terminal (p < 0.05), and both pollutants were elevated, but not statistically significantly so, on bus routes. Regressions on a subset of measurements for which detailed site characteristics were gathered showed higher concentrations of both pollutants on roads reported to have heavy bus traffic. Although a more comprehensive monitoring protocol would be needed to develop robust predictive functions for air pollution, our study demonstrates that pollution patterns in an urban area can be characterized with limited monitoring equipment and that university-community partnerships can yield relevant exposure information. PMID:11335181

Levy, J I; Houseman, E A; Spengler, J D; Loh, P; Ryan, L

2001-01-01

377

Atomic electric dipole moments: The Schiff theorem and its corrections  

SciTech Connect

Searches for the permanent electric dipole moments (EDMs) of diamagnetic atoms provide powerful probes of CP-violating hadronic and semileptonic interactions. The theoretical interpretation of such experiments, however, requires careful implementation of a well-known theorem by Schiff that implies a vanishing net EDM for an atom built entirely from pointlike, nonrelativistic constituents that interact only electrostatically. Any experimental observation of a nonzero atomic EDM would result from corrections to the pointlike, nonrelativistic, electrostatic assumption. We reformulate Schiff's theorem at the operator level and delineate the electronic and nuclear operators whose atomic matrix elements generate corrections to 'Schiff screening'. We obtain a form for the operator responsible for the leading correction associated with finite nuclear size - the so-called Schiff moment operator - and observe that it differs from the corresponding operator used in previous Schiff moment computations. We show that the more general Schiff moment operator reduces to the previously employed operator only under certain approximations that are not generally justified. We also identify other corrections to Schiff screening that may not be included properly in previous theoretical treatments. We discuss practical considerations for obtaining a complete computation of corrections to Schiff screening in atomic EDM calculations.

Liu, C.-P. [T-16, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Theory Group, Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, Zernikelaan 25, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Ramsey-Musolf, M. J. [Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Haxton, W. C. [Institute for Nuclear Theory and Department of Physics, University of Washington, Box 351550, Seattle, Washington 98195-1550 (United States); Timmermans, R. G. E.; Dieperink, A. E. L. [Theory Group, Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, Zernikelaan 25, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands)

2007-09-15

378

Polyphenylquinoxalines via aromatic nucleophilic displacement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Polyphenylquinoxalines are prepared by the nucleophilic displacement reaction of di(hydroxyphenyl)quinoxaline monomers with activated aromatic dihalides or dinitro compounds. The reactions are carried out in polar aprotic solvents using alkali metal bases at elevated temperatures under nitrogen. The di(hydroxyphenyl)quinoxaline monomers are prepared either by reacting stoichiometric quantities of aromatic bis(o-diamines) with a hydroxybenzil or by reacting o-phenylenediamine with a dihydroxybenzil or bis(hydroxyphenylglyoxylyl)benzene.

Hergenrother, Paul M. (Inventor); Connell, John W. (Inventor)

1990-01-01

379

Polyphenylquinoxalines via aromatic nucleophilic displacement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Polyphenylquinoxalines are prepared by the nucleophilic displacement reaction of di(hydroxyphenyl)quinoxaline monomers with activated aromatic dihalides or dinitro compounds. The reactions are carried out in polar aprotic solvents during alkali metal bases at elevated temperatures under nitrogen. The di(hydroxyphenyl)quinoxaline monomers are prepared either by reacting stoichiometric quantities of aromatic bis(o-diamines) with a hydroxybenzil or by reacting o-phenylenediamine with a dihydroxybenzil or bis(hydroxyphenylglyoxylyl)benzene.

Hergenrother, Paul M. (Inventor); Connell, John W. (Inventor)

1991-01-01

380

Comparative potency approach based on H2AX assay for estimating the genotoxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.  

PubMed

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) constitute a family of over one hundred compounds and can generally be found in complex mixtures. PAHs metabolites cause DNA damage which can lead to the development of carcinogenesis. Toxicity assessment of PAH complex mixtures is currently expressed in terms of toxic equivalents, based on Toxicity Equivalent Factors (TEFs). However, the definition of new TEFs for a large number of PAH could overcome some limitations of the current method and improve cancer risk assessment. The current investigation aimed at deriving the relative potency factors of PAHs, based on their genotoxic effect measured in vitro and analyzed with mathematical models. For this purpose, we used a new genotoxic assay (?H2AX) with two human cell lines (HepG2 and LS-174T) to analyze the genotoxic properties of 13 selected PAHs at low doses after 24h treatment. The dose-response for genotoxic effects was modeled with a Hill model; equivalency between PAHs at low dose was assessed by applying constraints to the model parameters. In the two cell lines tested, we observed a clear dose-response for genotoxic effects for 11 tested compounds. LS-174T was on average ten times more sensitive than HepG2 towards PAHs regarding genotoxicity. We developed new TEFs, which we named Genotoxic Equivalent Factor (GEF). Calculated GEF for the tested PAHs were generally higher than the TEF usually used. Our study proposed a new in vitro based method for the establishment of relevant TEFs for PAHs to improve cancer risk assessment. PMID:22306620

Audebert, M; Zeman, F; Beaudoin, R; Péry, A; Cravedi, J-P

2012-04-01

381

Color encoded microbeads-based flow cytometric immunoassay for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food contamination caused by chemical hazards such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is a worldwide public health concern and requires continuous monitoring. The chromatography-based analysis methods for POPs are accurate and quite sensitive but they are time-consuming, laborious and expensive. Thus, there is a need for validated simplified screening tools, which are inexpensive, rapid, have automation potential and can detect

Anastasia Meimaridou; Willem Haasnoot; Linda Noteboom; Dimitrios Mintzas; Jana Pulkrabova; Jana Hajslová; Michel W. F. Nielen

2010-01-01

382

Base-controlled selectivity in the synthesis of linear and angular fused quinazolinones by a palladium-catalyzed carbonylation/nucleophilic aromatic substitution sequence.  

PubMed

A new approach for the facile synthesis of fused quinazolinone scaffolds through a palladium-catalyzed carbonylative coupling followed by an intramolecular nucleophilic aromatic substitution is described. The base serves as the key modulator: Whereas DBU gives rise to the linear isomers, Et3N promotes the preferential formation of angular products. Interestingly, a light-induced 4+4 reaction of the product was also observed. PMID:24891190

Chen, Jianbin; Natte, Kishore; Spannenberg, Anke; Neumann, Helfried; Langer, Peter; Beller, Matthias; Wu, Xiao-Feng

2014-07-14

383

Effect-based and chemical analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in smoked meat: a practical food-monitoring approach.  

PubMed

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are generated by heat treatment and smoke curing of meat, pose a risk to human health. At present, the determination of these unwanted contaminants requires costly, time-consuming chemical analysis of smoked meat. An alternative is effect-directed high-throughput bioassays, which could also be used as a pre-screening method. The authors recently adapted the in vitro chemical-activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX) assay as a rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive screening technique for compounds such as dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls, and PAHs. The aim of the present study was to apply a practical approach under realistic conditions. Custom-made meat samples produced under defined conditions with different PAH levels were analysed using this bioassay and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to determine the influence of different smoking conditions (temperature and duration) on PAH levels. It was found that cold smoking for up to 6 h did not result in strong PAH contamination, whereas hot (65 degrees C) and longer smoking times caused a considerable increase in both the bioassay response and the levels of 31 individually determined PAHs. The response in the effect-based bioassay was in good agreement with the values of chemical analysis. The bioassay made it possible to determine accurately the degree of contamination. The results show that this assay is suitable for high-throughput screening for unknown levels of toxicologically relevant PAHs in meat samples and is sensitive enough to differentiate between different PAH levels generated under various smoking conditions. Effect-based screening techniques, therefore, provide a new instrument for official food monitoring. PMID:19680986

Kuhn, K; Nowak, B; Behnke, A; Seidel, A; Lampen, A

2009-07-01

384

Polybenzimidazoles Via Aromatic Nucleophilic Displacement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Novel molecular weight controlled and endcapped polybenzimidazoles (PBI) are prepared by the aromatic nucleophilic displacement reaction of di(hydroxyphenylbenzimidazole) monomers with activated aromatic dihalides or activated aromatic dinitro compounds. The PBI are endcapped with mono(hydroxyphenyl)benzimidazoles. The polymerizations are carried out in polar aprotic solvents such as N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone or N,N-dimethylacetamide using alkali metal bases such as potassium carbonate at elevated temperatures under nitrogen. Mono(hydroxyphenyl)benzimidazoles are synthesized by reacting phenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate with aromatic (o-diamine)s in diphenylsulfone. Molecular weight controlled and endcapped PBI of new chemical structures are prepared that exhibit a favorable combination of physical and mechanical properties.

Connell, John W. (Inventor); Hergerrother, Paul M. (Inventor); Smith, Joseph G., Jr. (Inventor)

1997-01-01

385

Polybenzimidazoles via aromatic nucleophilic displacement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Novel molecular weight controlled and endcapped polybenzimidazoles (PBI) are prepared by the aromatic nucleophilic displacement reaction of di(hydroxyphenyl benzimidazole) monomers with activated aromatic dihalides or activated aromatic dinitro compounds. The PBI are endcapped with mono(hydroxyphenyl) benzimidazoles. The polymerizations are carried out in polar aprotic solvents such as N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone or N,N-dimethylacetamide using alkali metal bases such as potassium carbonate at elevated temperatures under nitrogen. Mono(hydroxyphenyl) benzimidazoles are synthesizedby reacting phenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate with aromatic (o-diamine)s in diphenylsulfone. Molecular weight controlled and endcapped PBI of new chemical structures are prepared that exhibit a favorable combination of physical and mechanical properties.

Connell, John W. (inventor); Hergenrother, Paul M. (inventor); Smith, Joseph G., Jr. (inventor)

1995-01-01

386

Combined application of PCR-based functional assays for the detection of aromatic-compound-degrading anaerobes.  

PubMed

To explore the reliability of assays that detect aromatic-compound-degrading anaerobes, a combination of three functional-gene-targeting assays was applied to microcosms from benzene-contaminated aquifers. Results of the assays were consistent and suggest that species related to the genera Azoarcus and Geobacter dominated benzene degradation at the individual sites. PMID:21602396

Kuntze, Kevin; Vogt, Carsten; Richnow, Hans-Hermann; Boll, Matthias

2011-07-01

387

Cu(II), Ni(II) and Fe(II) complexes with a new substituted [1,2,4] triazole Schiff base derived from 4-amino-5-(thien-2-yl ethyl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-one and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde: synthesis, characterization and a comparison of theoretical and experimental results by Ab inito calculation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The synthesis and structural properties of two novel compounds, 4-amino-5-(thien-2-yl ethyl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-one\\u000a and 4-{[(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)methyl-ene]amino}-5-(thien-2-ylmethyl) ? 2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-one have been described.\\u000a 4-Amino-5-(thien-2-ylmethyl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-one was synthesized by treating N-propionyl-2-thien-2-ylethane-hydrazonoate with hydrazine hydrate and the Schiff base was obtained from condensation of substituted\\u000a amine with 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde. The Cu(II), Ni(II) and Fe(II) complexes were prepared and characterized by elemental\\u000a analyses, IR, magnetic moment, UV–Vis, mass spectral data

Kemal Sancak; Mustafa Er; Yasemin Ünver; Melike Yildirim; Ismail Degirmencioglu; Kerim Serbest

2007-01-01

388

Quantitative structure–activity relationship modeling of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mutagenicity by classification methods based on holistic theoretical molecular descriptors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), ubiquitous environmental pollutants, are recognized mutagens and carcinogens. A homogeneous set of mutagenicity data (TA98 and TA100,+S9) for 32 benzocyclopentaphenanthrenes\\/chrysenes was modeled by the quantitative structure–activity relationship classification methods k-nearest neighbor and classification and regression tree, using theoretical holistic molecular descriptors. Genetic algorithm provided the selection of the best subset of variables for modeling mutagenicity.

Paola Gramatica; Ester Papa; Assunta Marrocchi; Lucio Minuti; Aldo Taticchi

2007-01-01

389

A selective recognition mode of a nucleic acid base by an aromatic amino acid: L-phenylalanine-7-methylguanosine 5'-monophosphate stacking interaction.  

PubMed Central

The conformation of 7-methylguanosine 5'-monophosphate (m7GMP) and its interaction with L-phenylalanine (Phe) have been investigated by X-ray crystallographic, 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance, and energy calculation methods. The N(7) methylation of the guanine base shifts m7GMP toward an anti--gauche, gauche conformation about the glycosyl and exocyclic C(4')-C(5') bonds, respectively. The prominent stacking observed between the benzene ring of Phe and guanine base of m7GMP is primarily due to the N(7) guarternization of the guanine base. The formation of a hydrogen bonding pair between the anionic carboxyl group and the guanine base further stabilizes this stacking interaction. The present results imply the importance of aromatic amino acids as a hallmark for the selective recognition of a nucleic acid base. PMID:3399389

Ishida, T; Doi, M; Inoue, M

1988-01-01

390

Graphene-based solid-phase extraction disk for fast separation and preconcentration of trace polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from environmental water samples.  

PubMed

Graphene has great potentials for the use in sample preparation due to its ultra high specific surface area, superior chemical stability, and excellent thermal stability. In our work, a novel graphene-based SPE disk was developed for separation and preconcentration of trace polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from environmental water samples. Based on the strong ?-? stacking interaction between the analytes and graphene, the analytes extracted by graphene were eluted by cyclohexane and then determined by GC-MS. Under the optimized conditions, high flow rate (30 mL/min) and sensitivity (0.84-13 ng/L) were achieved. The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of real environmental water samples with recoveries ranging from 72.8 to 106.2%. Furthermore, the property of anticlogging and reusability was also improved. This work reveals great potentials of graphene-based SPE disk in environmental analytical. PMID:23529874

Wang, Zonghua; Han, Qiang; Xia, Jianfei; Xia, Linhua; Ding, Mingyu; Tang, Jie

2013-06-01

391

Quantitative structure-activity relationship modeling of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mutagenicity by classification methods based on holistic theoretical molecular descriptors.  

PubMed

Various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), ubiquitous environmental pollutants, are recognized mutagens and carcinogens. A homogeneous set of mutagenicity data (TA98 and TA100,+S9) for 32 benzocyclopentaphenanthrenes/chrysenes was modeled by the quantitative structure-activity relationship classification methods k-nearest neighbor and classification and regression tree, using theoretical holistic molecular descriptors. Genetic algorithm provided the selection of the best subset of variables for modeling mutagenicity. The models were validated by leave-one-out and leave-50%-out approaches and have good performance, with sensitivity and specificity ranges of 90-100%. Mutagenicity assessment for these PAHs requires only a few theoretical descriptors of their molecular structure. PMID:16616369

Gramatica, Paola; Papa, Ester; Marrocchi, Assunta; Minuti, Lucio; Taticchi, Aldo

2007-03-01

392

Formation of bis(?-tetrazolato)dinickel(II) complexes with N,N,O-donor Schiff bases via in situ 1,3-dipolar cyclo-additions: isolation of a novel bi-cyclic trinuclear nickel(II)-sodium(I)-nickel(II) complex.  

PubMed

A dinuclear and a novel bi-cyclic hetero trinuclear bis(?-tetrazolato) bridged nickel(II) Schiff base complexes [Ni2(L(1))2(PTZ)2] (1) and [Ni2(L(2))2(PTZ)2Na(H2O)]ClO4·H2O (2) {where HL(1) = 2-((2-(dimethylamino)ethylimino)methyl)-6-methoxyphenol, HL(2) = 2-((2-(methylamino)ethylimino)methyl)-6-methoxyphenol and HPTZ = 5-(2-pyridyl)tetrazole} have been synthesized by in situ 1,3-dipolar cyclo-addition and characterized by spectral analysis, X-ray crystallography, and variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements. Both the complexes crystallize in monoclinic space group P2(1)/c. Both the complexes feature double ?-NN'-tetrazolato bridged dinickel(II) structures, in which each nickel(II) is coordinated meridionally by a depronated terdentate Schiff base [(L(1))(-) for 1 and (L(2))(-) for 2] and two nitrogen atoms of the (PTZ)(-). A nitrogen atom from a symmetry related bridging (PTZ)(-) coordinates to complete the distorted octahedral geometry of nickel(II). The phenoxo and methoxo oxygen atoms from two [NiL(2)] units and a water molecule coordinate to a sodium(I) to form the unique bi-cyclic trinuclear nickel(II)-sodium(I)-nickel(II) core in complex 2. Very strong ?···? stacking is observed in complex 2 to form a supramolecular chain. The variable-temperature (1.8-300 K) magnetic susceptibility measurements show the presence of anti-ferromagnetic coupling between two nickel(II) centers for both complexes with J = -2.14(1) cm(-1) (for 1) and J = -1.20(2) cm(-1) (for 2). To obtain a better understanding of the magnetic exchange mechanism, quantum mechanical (DFT) calculations have been performed. The calculated J values [J(theo) = -4.53 cm(-1) (for 1) and J(theo) = -2.48 cm(-1) (for 2)] are in agreement with the values obtained experimentally. PMID:24346055

Das, Mithun; Chatterjee, Sudipta; Harms, Klaus; Mondal, Tapan Kumar; Chattopadhyay, Shouvik

2014-02-21

393

Chemical composition of Schiff's reagent crystals.  

PubMed

Crystals were prepared by adding 0.04 M sulfuric acid to a Schiff's reagent made with 2.5 g pararosaniline (PR) chloride dissolved in a saturated SO2 solution. Elemental analysis of the crystals gave the composition C19H21N3S2O7.4H2O which corresponds to the sulfate of pararosanilinesulfonic acid (PRSA) tetrahydrate. The moisture content was ca. 5%. A reagent reconstituted by dissolving 0.2 grams of crystals in HCl 0.1 N contains ca. 3.5 x 10(-3) M or 0.11% PR. A solution prepared with 2.5 g PR in 100 ml O.1 N HCl plus 0.04 M M K2S2O5 gave only a few crystals after 0.04 M sulfuric acid was added. The PR content, determined colorimetrically, was 0.25% compared with 1.35% in saturated SO2. The per cent dye loss during charcoal purification was also higher. The low concentration of PR, caused both by the lower solubility and by the larger loss during charcoal purification explains the poor yield of crystals of a reagent prepared in HCl/K2S2O5, compared to a reagent prepared in saturated SO2. After crystallization is complete, the crystals are in equilibrium with a concentration of 0.2% of PR in the supernatant: when the initial concentration is close to this value crystallization is negligible or completely fails. PMID:8835187

Galassi, L; De Napoli, F

1995-01-01

394

Batch and Flow Photochemical Benzannulations Based on the Reaction of Ynamides and Diazo Ketones. Application to the Synthesis of Polycyclic Aromatic and Heteroaromatic Compounds  

PubMed Central

Highly substituted polycyclic aromatic and heteroaromatic compounds are produced via a two-stage tandem benzannulation/cyclization strategy. The initial benzannulation step proceeds via a pericyclic cascade mechanism triggered by thermal or photochemical Wolff rearrangement of a diazo ketone. The photochemical process can be performed using a continuous flow reactor which facilitates carrying out reactions on a large scale and minimizes the time required for photolysis. Carbomethoxy ynamides as well as more ketenophilic bissilyl ynamines and N-sulfonyl and N-phosphoryl ynamides serve as the reaction partner in the benzannulation step. In the second stage of the strategy, RCM generates benzofused nitrogen heterocycles, and various heterocyclization processes furnish highly substituted and polycyclic indoles of types that were not available by using the previous cyclobutenone-based version of the tandem strategy. PMID:24116731

Willumstad, Thomas P.; Haze, Olesya; Mak, Xiao Yin; Lam, Tin Yiu; Wang, Yu-Pu; Danheiser*, Rick L.

2013-01-01

395

Symmetric and irregular aromatic silicon nanoclusters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on first-principles calculations, we predict the existence of two classes of aromatic hydrogenated silicon nanoclusters. Despite their completely different structure, they both exhibit quite comparable physical and chemical properties due to the common presence of overcoordinated silicon atoms inducing extensive electron delocalization. Due to a complex interplay between strain relaxation and aromatic stabilization, apparently ill-defined nanoclusters might sometimes turn out to be more stable than their symmetric counterparts. Both symmetric and irregular aromatic silicon nanoclusters are extremely stable at ambient conditions and might readily find applications in future nano-technological devices.

Vach, Holger

2014-10-01

396

Synthesis of N4 donor macrocyclic Schiff base ligands and their Ru (II), Pd (II), Pt (II) metal complexes for biological studies and catalytic oxidation of didanosine in pharmaceuticals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of tetraaza (N4 donor) macrocyclic ligands (L1-L4) were derived from the condensation of o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) with some substituted aromatic amines/azide, and subsequently used to synthesize the metal complexes of Ru(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II). The structures of macrocyclic ligands and their metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H &13C NMR, mass and electronic spectroscopy, thermal, magnetic and conductance measurements. Both the ligands and their complexes were screened for their antibacterial activities against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria by MIC method. Besides, these macrocyclic complexes were investigated as catalysts in the oxidation of pharmaceutical drug didanosine. The oxidized products were further treated with sulphanilic acid to develop the colored products to determine by spectrophotometrically. The current oxidation method is an environmentally friendly, simple to set-up, requires short reaction time, produces high yields and does not require co-oxidant.

Ravi krishna, E.; Muralidhar Reddy, P.; Sarangapani, M.; Hanmanthu, G.; Geeta, B.; Shoba Rani, K.; Ravinder, V.

2012-11-01

397

Synthesis, Characterization, and Bioactivity of Schiff Bases and Their Cd2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, and Ni2+ Complexes Derived from Chloroacetophenone Isomers with S-Benzyldithiocarbazate and the X-Ray Crystal Structure of S-Benzyl-?-N-(4-chlorophenyl)methylenedithiocarbazate  

PubMed Central

Two bidentate Schiff base ligands having nitrogen sulphur donor sequence were derived from the condensation of S-benzyldithiocarbazate (SBDTC) with 2-chloroacetophenone and 4-chloroacetophenone to give S-benzyl-?-N-(2-chlorophenyl)methylenedithiocarbazate (NS2) and S-benzyl-?-N-(4-chlorophenyl)methylenedithiocarbazate (NS4) isomers. Each of the ligands was then chelated with Cd2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, and Ni2+. The compounds were characterized via IR spectroscopy and melting point while the structure of NS4 was revealed via X-ray crystallography. Finally, the compounds were screened for antimicrobial activity to investigate the effect that is brought by the introduction of the chlorine atom to the benzene ring. X-ray crystallographic analysis showed that the structure of NS4 is planar with a phenyl ring that is nearly perpendicular to the rest of the molecules. The qualitative antimicrobial assay results showed that NS4 and its complexes lacked antifungal activity while Gram-positive bacteria were generally inhibited more strongly than Gram-negative bacteria. Furthermore, NS4 metal complexes were inhibited more strongly than the ligand while the opposite was seen with NS2 ligand and its complexes due to the partial solubility in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). It was concluded that generally NS2 derivatives have higher bioactivity than that of NS4 derivatives and that the Cd complexes of both ligands have pronounced activity specifically on K. rhizophila. PMID:24319401

Break, Mohammed Khaled bin; Tahir, M. Ibrahim M.; Crouse, Karen A.; Khoo, Teng-Jin

2013-01-01

398

Effect of the nature of a structure-forming additive on the physicochemical properties of zeolites and the activity of Zn-containing catalysts based on them in ethane aromatization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect the nature of the structure-forming additive has on the physicochemical properties of synthesized zeolites and the activity of Zn-containing catalysts prepared on their basis in converting ethane into aromatic hydrocarbons is studied. It is shown that the structure-forming additive plays an important role in the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites. It is found that the highest activity and stability in ethane aromatization is exhibited by a catalyst based on a zeolite synthesized using hexamethylenediamine as a template.

Vosmerikova, L. N.; Barbashin, Ya. E.; Vosmerikov, A. V.

2014-03-01

399

Probing the Adsorption Behavior of 4,5-Diazafluoren-9-one and Its Schiff Base Derivatives on SIlver and Gold Nanosurfaces Using Raman Spectroscopy, Density Functional Theory and Potential Energy Distribution Calculations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

4,5-Diazafluoren-9-one (DAFO) is an aromatic ketone synthesized by oxidizing 1,10-phenanthroline with potassium permanganate. In this present study, the Raman spectra of DAFO in the solid and solution states were recorded in the 100-2000 cm-1 spectral region using 1064, 633, 532, and 514 nm excitation sources. A normal mode analysis of DAFO was performed using density functional theory; the BLYP and B3LYP functionals, each with the 6-31G(d) and 6-311(d) basis sets were employed. The fundamental modes on the Raman spectrum of DAFO were assigned with the appropriate symmetry element using the BLYP functional and 6-31G(d) basis set. The vibrational modes were described and quantified by potential energy distribution calculations. The Raman frequencies for the solid and solution spectra were compared; the observed frequency shifts are attributed to hydrogen bonding or dipole-dipole interactions occurring between the solvent and DAFO ligand. To further assess solute-solvent interactions the UV-vis spectra of DAFO was obtained in hydrogen bonding, polar aprotic, and non-polar solvents. The fine structure of the band observed at lambda max becomes more resolved as solvent polarity decreases, therefore confirming solute-solvent interactions in polar solvents. A silver complex of DAFO was synthesized with the intent of understanding how coordination affected the Raman frequencies. The bands assigned to pyridine ring bending, nu(C=N), and nu(C=O) were shifted because of coordination. These shifts have been attributed to the molecule being perturbed because of coordination. Therefore, the Ag-DAFO complex was analyzed by X-Ray diffraction and the molecular geometries of the free and coordinated ligand were compared. The resolved crystalline structure revealed the silver ion coordinated DAFO using the lone pairs of electrons from the nitrogens in the pyridine ring. Analysis of the molecular geometry revealed the C=O bond increases in double bond character and the C5-C14 bond from the center ring was shortened because of metal-ligand coordination. These observations are correlated to the shifts in Raman frequencies; a decrease in bond length resulted in a shift to a higher vibrational energy. The surface-enhanced Raman spectrum of DAFO was obtained on silver colloids and gold nanorods. The resulting SER spectra were compared to their corresponding normal Raman spectra, there were changes in relative band intensities and there were bands shifted because of adsorption; these observations were used to probe orientation. Orientation is determined by applying surface selections rules developed by both Creighton and Moskovits. The rules indicate, when the vibrational modes assigned to out-of-plane modes are observed as enhanced in the SER spectrum, the ligand is considered parallel relative to the metal surface, and when the vibrational modes assigned to in-plane modes are observed as enhanced, the ligand is not parallel relative to the metal surface. The relative surface enhancement factors were calculated by normalizing the spectra and then by taking the ratio of ISERS/INR. Based on the enhancement factors, the bands assigned to in-plane modes exhibited the highest enhancement factors on the Au and Ag SER spectra. This observation suggests that DAFO is not parallel to the metal nano-surfaces. In the Ag SERS spectrum the bands with the highest enhancement factors were assigned to quadrant ring stretching and cyclopentone bending. Analysis of the carbonyl stretching frequency on the Ag spectrum revealed the frequency shifted to a lower vibrational energy. This shift has been ascribed to the carbonyl bond losing double bond character, which permits the interaction between the metal and the carbonyl oxygen. It was proposed the DAFO ligand is sandwiched between the silver hydrosol. The TER spectrum of DAFO was obtained; analysis of the spectrum revealed similarities to the Ag SERS spectrum. The carbonyl stretching frequency was lowered, the bands assigned to C=N vibrations were enhanced, and the frequencies assigned to ring bending vibrations

McCoy, Rhonda Patrice

400

Fiber-optic-based chemical sensors for in-situ measurement of metals and aromatic organic compounds in seawater and soil systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Use of UV-visibletransmitting optical fibers for real-time, remote, in situfluorescencemeasurementsof chemical constituents in environmental samples is described. In order to improve the capability of fluorescence techniques for resoMng complex mixtures we have deVelOped a fiber optic-based system that uses a pulsed nrogen laser to induce fluorescence and a time-gated linear photodiode array coupled to a spectrograph for measuring resutting emisalon spectra This permfts rapid extraction of both spectral information and temporal data (fluorescence decay times). The performance of the system for monftoring aromatic hydrocarbons directly in seawater over a bare-ended" fiber optic cable is discussed. Techniques for extending the Capability to deter